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FRQM THE LIBR&KX OF 

TRJT&TY COLLEGE 




ARCHIVES OF 

THE GENERAL CONVENTION 
IV 



ARCHIVES OF THE 
GENERAL CONVENTION 

EDITED BY ORDER OF 

i 

THE COMMISSION ON ARCHIVES 

BY 

ARTHUR LOWNDES 

DOCTOR IN DIVINITY 



VOLUME IV 

THE CORRESPONDENCE OF 
JOHN HENRY HOBART 

SEPTEMBER 27, 1 804 
TO AUGUST, 18O5 



NEW YORK 

PRIVATELY PRINTED 

MDCCCCXII 



TSX 



V.Y 



1 2 S 7 2 7 

MAR 1 5 1989 



THE COMMISSION ON ARCHIVES 

MARCH, 1912 

The Right Reverend William Croswell Doane, D.D. 
The Right Reverend William Lawrence, D.D. 
The Right Reverend David Hummell Greer, D.D. 

The Reverend Alfred Brittin Baker, D.D. 

The Reverend Samuel Hart, D.D. 

The Reverend George Yemens Bliss, D.D. 

J. Pierpont Morgan, LL.D. 
Asa Bird Gardiner, LL.D. 
James Grant PFilson, L.H.D. 

SUB-COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATION 

The Reverend Samuel Hart, D.D. 
J. Pierpont Morgan, LL.D. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

VOLUME IV 

PAGE 

CHRONOLOGICAL INDEX TO LETTERS, SEPTEMBER 27, 1804, 

TO AUGUST, 1805 ix 

THE CORRESPONDENCE OF JOHN HENRY HOBART 

ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO LETTERS, SEPTEMBER 27, 1804, TO 

AUGUST, 1805 545 

ALPHABETICAL LIST OF ANNOTATIONS 549 

LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO 557 

INDEX 569 




NOTE. A brief biographical sketch precedes the first letter of each corre 
spondent, "which is distinguished by an asterisk in the following list. Un 
less the contrary is stated, all letters are addressed to John Henry Hobart 



DATE 

1804, September 27 
1804, September 27 
1804, Oftober I 
1804, Oflober I 
1804, Oftober I 
1804, Oftober I 
1804, October I 
1804, Oftober I 
1804, Oftober 1 
1804, Oflober 2 
1804, Oftober 2 
1804, Oftober 
1804, October 
1804, Oftober 
1804, Oftober 
1804, Oftober IO 
1804, October II 
1804, Oftober 12 
1804, Ofiober 19 
1804, Oftoberl'j 
1804, November I 
1804, November 2 
1804, November 15 
1804, November 29 

1804, December 26 

1805, January 12 



LETTER 

*Evan Rogers 
Evan Rogers 
Benjamin Moore 

* Trinity Church, New York 

* Theodosius Bartow 
John Ireland 

* Vestry of St. John's, Johnstown 
Abraham Lynsen Clarke 

*John G. Tardy 

* Joseph Pilmore 

* Pierre Antoine Samuel Albert 

* William Harris 

* Richard Bradford 
Frederic Beasley 

* Abraham Tomlinson 
James Abercrombie 

* Thomas and James Swords 
John Churchill Rudd 



PAGE 

4 

IO 

78 

152 

205 

239 

248 

250 

285 

265 

279 

293 
294 

297 
298 
327 

334 
33 6 



*John Rennolds to Charles Fenton Mercer 338 

Daniel Nash 34 2 

Charles Fenton Mercer 345 

Jonathan Judd to Benjamin Moore 348 

Daniel Nash 37 I 

Jane Tongrelou Dayton 373 

* Joseph Grove John Bend 37 

Charles Fenton Mercer 386 

r. i=o 



CHRONOLOGICAL INDEX 



DATE 

1805, January 14 
1805, "January 22 
1805, January 26 
1805, February 4 
1805, February 1 8 
1805, March 4 
1805, March 7 
1805, March II 
1805, April 5 
1805, April 8 
1805, y//>r/7 17 
1805, .Msry 13 
1805, May 1 6 
1805, ^/^y 24 
1805, May 26 

1805, y* i 

1805, June 3 
1805, June 10 
1805, y^ 14 

1805, y^w* 17 

1805, 7n* 1 8 
1805, June 25 
1805, June 26 
1805, y<? 27 
1805, June 28 
1805, y/jr 5 
1805, July II 
1805, July 12 
1805, 7WjK 13 
1805, July 14 
1805, >/J H 
1805, ># 15 



LETTER PAGE 

Charles Fenton Mercer 386 

Charles Fenton Mercer 388 

Samuel Ogden 390 

Davenport Phelps to Benjamin Moore 394 
Davenport Phelps to Benjamin Moore 395 

William North 403 

* David Butler 407 

* Cyrus Stebbins 417 
Cyrus Stebbins 418 
Frederic Beasley 420 
James Ricketts 423 
John Churchill Rudd 425 
John Churchill Rudd 426 
John Churchill Rudd 432 

* Cornwall Bayley 440 
John Churchill Rudd 442 
Daniel Nash 444 
Daniel Nash 446 
Seth Hart 449 
John Churchill Rudd 450 
James Kemp 452 
Samuel Ogden 458 
Cornwall Bayley 459 
David Butler 461 

* Horace Binney 465 
Samuel Ogden 467 
Seth Hart 468 
William Pryce 469 
Philander Chase 471 
James Ricketts 476 
Daniel Nash 477 

* Donald Fraser 481 

[ x] 



CHRONOLOGICAL INDEX 

DATE LETTER PAGE 

1805, July 1 6 Samuel Ogden 482 

I 8o5, July 1 6 Jane Tongrelou Dayton 483 

1805, July 17 * Joseph Jackson 484 

1805, July 1 8 Samuel Ogden 488 

1805, July 19 Elias Bay ley Dayton 489 

1805, July 21 Seth Hart 490 

1805, July 22 Elias Bayley Dayton 493 

1805, July 22 * William Percy 495 

1805, July 26 Cornwall Bayley 497 

1805, July 26 Joseph Grove John Bend 505 
1805, July 29 Davenport Phelps to Benjamin Moore 509 

1805, August 2 *John Chetwood, Jr. 511 

1805, August 5 Frederic Beasley 515 

1805, August 7 * David B. Ogden 520 

1805, August 9 *Rufus King 525 

1805, August 10 *New Orleans Committee 527 

1805, August 10 John Churchill Rudd 530 

1805, August 14 Frederic Beasley 532 

1805, August 1 6 * Clark Brown 535 

1805, August 25 Daniel Nash 539 



r. 



THE CORRESPONDENCE OF 
JOHN HENRY HOBART 

SEPTEMBER 27, 1 804 
TO AUGUST, 1805 



THE CORRESPONDENCE OF 
JOHN HENRY HOBART 

V 

EVAN ROGERS 

EVAN, a son of Enos and Margaret Rogers, was born in Phila 
delphia County, Pennsylvania, April 9, 1766. His parents were 
Quakers. In 1790 he joined the Methodists, and became an enthusi 
astic and popular preacher. After serving on the Maryland circuit he 
was assigned that of Boston, which included Lynn and Marblehead, 
and afterwards was transferred to the Middletown circuit, when he 
came under strong Church influence and determined to seek holy 
orders. He was made deacon by the Rt. Rev. Dr. Jarvis in St. John's 
Church, Stratfield, now Bridgeport, June 5, 1799, and appointed the 
minister of St. Peter's Church, Hebron, Connecticut. He was or 
dained priest by Bishop Jarvis in St. James's Church, New London, 
October 16, 1800. In 1802 he became rector of Christ Church, Rye, 
and remained there till his death, January 25, 1809. A notice in ' ' The 
Churchman's Magazine," volume vi, page 80, says : 

"He was endeared to a numerous acquaintance by his deep piety, 
the mildness of his temper, the profitableness of his conversation, 
and the purity of his morals; such a life must produce a happy 
death." 

The work of Mr. Rogers in the parish was of the highest value, and 
was greatly appreciated. The historian of Rye, the Rev. Dr. Charles 
W. Baird, says of him : "There are some pleasant memorials of Mr. 
Rogers. The large willow that stands near Blind Brook on a part of 
the Rectory grounds is said to have been planted by him. His love 
of trees probably suggested the following order which appears in the 
Vestry Records : * Resolved that Mr. Rogers and Mr. Penfield be re 
quested and are authorized to procure and set out around the Church 
as many forest trees as they may think proper this present season.' 
[History of Rye, 1871, p. 340.] 

Over the grave of Mr. Rogers, in the old village cemetery near the 
entrance of the Neck proper, is a stone with this inscription : 

C 3D 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

THE 

MASONIC SOCIETY 

IN THE TOWN OF RYE, 

HAVE ERECTED THIS MONUMENT 

SACRED TO THE MEMORY 
OF THEIR BELOVED BROTHER, 

THE 

REV. EVAN ROGERS, 
PASTOR OF CHRIST CHURCH, 

IN THIS TOWN, 

WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE 

JANUARY 25TH, 1809, 

IN THE 420 YEAR 

OF HIS LIFE, 
EXTREMELY LAMENTED. 

MY FLESH SHALL SLUMBER IN THE GROUND, 
TILL THE LAST TRUMPET'S JOYFUL SOUND ; 
THEN BURST THESE CHAINS WITH SWEET SURPRISE, 
AND IN MY SAVIOUR'S IMAGE RISE. 



[ REPORT ON CHRIST CHURCH, RYE, FROM EVAN ROGERS ] 

Christ Church Rye, 1710 to 1804. 
Rye, State of New Tork 

IN conformity to a resolution of the Convention of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in this State passed the last 
year, recommending "the Clergy to present a view of their 
respective congregations " &c. I offer the following represen 
tation of the Church now under my care: 

It appears from records now before me that as early as the 
year 1710 there was a regularly organized Church in this 
place, the reclor of which was a Mr. Christopher Bridge, 
who died May 22. 1719 having been minister of this Par 
ish more than ten years. At this period the Parish of Rye 
included the societies of Mamaronac, Bedford & Scarsdale; 

[ 4 ] 



EVAN ROGERS 

& the minister's salary, with all other parish expenses was 
raised by taxation. 

Early in the year 1720. it appears that a Mr. Payer offici 
ated as minister of this Church, though not for any consider 
able length of time. 

In 1 722. a Mr. Robert Jenney, Chaplin to the fourses of this 
province, was invested with the charge of this parish, & 
continued it about four years ; when he was removed by the 
society in England, to Hempsted on Long Island, when the 
church was again left vacant. But the same year the Rev? 
James Wetmore obtained leave to settle in this church, & he 
became rector of the same. 

In this place Mr. Wetmore continued 'till the year 1760. 
including 38 years, when he was removed by death. 

About this time the Church received as a donation, from Sir 
George Talbot the sum of 1500 dollars, which was apply*? to 
the purchasing Glebe Land now enjoy? by this church. The 
Rev? Mr. Wetmore appears to have been a faithful & Judicious 
divine, but for the want of proper documents, I am unable to 
give any account of the Spiritual prosperity of his cure. 

After a vacancy of about 2. years the Rev? Ebenezer Punder- 
son succeeded to the ministry of the church, who continued 
but little more than 2. years when he was removed by death 
on the 22. Sept! 1764. August 27. 1765. the Rev?Ephriam 
A very succeeded to the rectorship, having been vacant ab! 
eleven months By him the Church was supply? nearly 
eleven years, when that unfortunate divine deceased. 

I am still destetute of any information relative to the spirit 
ual prosperity of the Church but from what appears, great 
care was taken to preserve & promote the temporal interest 
of the Society ; by the activity of the Wardens & vestrymen 
of the Church, as also by the civil authority. 

C 5 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

The church at this period, known by the name of Grace 
Church at Rye included the township of Rye, that of Bedford, 
Scarsdale, White Plains, Mamaronac & Harison's purchase; 
& the expence of the ministry, with all other necessary pub 
lic expences were, as they ever ought to be, raised by an 
equitable tax laid on the property of the people. 

From this period we find a vacuity in the history of our 
parish for more than nine years, i,e, from April 5. 1776 unill 
the 27 t Jlof the same month 1785. occasioned by the confu 
sions attending the revolutionary war, an event so unfavour 
able to the interests of our holy religion in this country. 

During the three subsequent years the parish was destetute 
of a pastor, the church having been consumed by fire in the 
war, & the glebe lands hired out on terms, which produced 
but a small income. 

In the month of September 1 787. the ReV? Richard C. Moore, 
now of Statten Island, receiving a call from the Vestry of this 
Church, he became re6lor of the same. 

During the residence of the Rev 1 ? Mr. Moore here, the pres 
ent Church was erected on the ground where the former had 
stood ; & from his animated exertions for the benefit of his 
cure, the languid hopes of the people began to revive, & the 
deranged state of the parish resumed the appearance of order 
& prosperity: but as he continued his labours here but 
one year, the people were again left destetute & measurably 
discouraged. 

After about two years vacancy the Rev*? David Foote be 
came reclor of the parish, where he continued nearly three 
years, where on the i!l of August 1793 this pious & worthy 
divine was removed to eternity 

About this time this Church received a donation of 250 dol 
lars, it being a legacy to the same, left by Miss Anna M. Jay, 

C 6 ] 



EVAN ROGERS 

deceased, sister to the late Gov. Jay. This sum was Judi 
ciously appropriated to the inlarging the Glebe lands belong 
ing to the Church 

In the latter end of the year 1 793 the Rev d John J. Sands, 
succeeded to the pastoral charge of the parish & in the year 
following the title of this church was altered from that of 
Grace Church to Christ Church by which title it has since been 
distinguished. The same year the house & lott where the 
reclor now lives were purchased, the former parsonage house 
having been by accident consumed. 

About this period the corporation of this Church received, 
as a present, a valuable seal from Peter Jay Esq r . 

In the month of May 1 796 Mr. Sands resigned his charge as 
minister of this church, & was in about six months succeeded 
by the Rev^ George Oglevie from Norwalk in Connecticut 
who early in the following year was removed by death. 

In August 1 797, the Rev^ Samuel Haskill was called to the 
rectory of the parish, who continued his charge untill the 
latter end of the year 1 800, when, he moving away, the parish 
was again left destetute of a minister. 

In the time of Mr. HaskilFs ministry here, this church re 
ceived, as a donation from the Corporation of Trinity Church 
in the City of New York, the sum of 750 dollars, for the 
specific purpose of being immediately appropriated to the 
improvment of the parsonage house & lands belonging to 
the same. 

In the year 1801. the present Rec~lor received an invitation 
to settle here, & in the month of April following took the 
pastoral charge of the congregation: but as the remaining 
remarks more properly belong to the annual reports, I shall 
there refer them, & return & make some remarks on what 
is here stated. 

c 7 : 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

It is remarkable in the first place that within the term of 
94 years there have been twelve regular ministers settled, 
or partially settled in this parish ; six of whom have died in the 
time of their residence here. But in justice to the local situa 
tion of the Parish of Rye it may be observed ; that the death 
of none of these men happened in consequence of any thing 
necessarily connected with the place, but meerly from circum 
stances which we may fairly presume would have taken place 
in any other part of the country. 

Another observation worthy of lasting remembrance is, that 
previously to the revolutionary war, when provision was made 
for the support of the ministry by the civil authority, the par 
ish was large & consisted of not less than five separate town 
ships, in each of which was a congregation & many respect 
able episcopalians; but since the disolution of that regulation, 
those appendages of the parish are almost lost & unknown 
to the church ; as there are not any of them which at present 
has a settled minister, & none but those of Mamaronac & the 
White Plains profess any connection with the Church of Rye. 

And I have long possessed an impressive conviction that, 
in general, this will be the case where no certain provision 
is made for the support of the gospel. The human heart 
being less influenced by the Spirit of religion than that of 
worldly interest, the latter assumes the assendency in the 
mind, & the great duties & privileges of the gospel are dis- 
penced with, rather than furnish an adequit support to the 
ministry. But the want of a lasting union in these respects 
is not the only inconvenience arising from the want of a civil 
interposition in providing for the support of religion : for where 
there are not adequit funds, no other mode in general is suf 
ficient to render the support of a clergyman either certain, 
respectable, equitable or perminant. 



EVAN ROGERS 

It cannot be certain, because those on whom he is depend 
ant may, for what he considers a conciancious discharge of 
duty, take exception & offence & forever withdraw their sub 
scriptions; as in too many instances we have known to be 
the case. 

It cannot in general be respectable; because those who are 
disposed to support the gospel are seldom, in any place, the 
majority; the provision to be made must therefore devolve 
on a small number, & those, almost invariably, not of the most 
extensive property. 

And as the dispositions of men are seldom governed by their 
circumstances in life, there is generally no proportion between 
the subscriptions of the rich & those of the poor; & hence this 
is the most inequitable method by which this or any other public 
expence can be furnished by any society of people. And, I will 
add, that according to this system, it is almost if not altogether 
impossible for the charge of a minister over a congregation 
to be rendered perminant. 

For, according to the canons and constitution of our church, 
the Wardens & Vestrymen are the only agents to whom it 
belongs to agree with, & settle, a pastor. And as those agents 
are intirely dependent on the subscriptions of the People for 
the fulfilment of their engagements ; it is out of their power 
to enter into engagements for a greater length of time than 
those subscriptions particularly specify. 

And hence, I conclude, we have little to expe6l relative to 
the prosperity of our religion while the maintainance of its 
ministry is left in a state so precarious & uncertain 

EVAN ROGERS 

Christ Church *\ 

Rye. State of N Yorkj- 
Sepf. 27* 1804 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

[ REPORT ON CHRIST CHURCH, RYE, FROM EVAN ROGERS ] 

Christ Church y Rye 
Report of the State of Christ Church at Rye for the year 1802. 

AIOUT the middle of April this year I took charge of 
this Parish, it having been vacant about one year 
And although from the small number of communicants, the 
state of religion appeared to be low; yet the numbers who 
attended divine service were great, & much attention was paid 
to word preached to them. 

This year I performed divine service at the White Plains 
once a month to large & respectable congregations ; but as 
the whole of my support was derived from the congregation 
at Rye, the people here were unwilling that I should be so 
often absent : hence I relinquished my monthly attendance at 
the Plains. 

In consequence of my coming into the Parish at that time, & 
being unacquainted with the regulations of the church in this 
State, nothing was this year collected for the Bishops Fund: 
But for the benefit of the missionary society there was col 
lected, in the month of September, $15-25 

The holy rite of Baptism was performed but once in the 
parish this year The number of marriages nine; and that of 
burials ten. About one hundred received the holy rite of Con 
firmation this year 

1803. 

During this year nothing remarkable occurred in our Church; 
the congregation increased, & some small accessions were 
made to the number of our communic!! 

The People of the White Plains now discovered a dissatis 
faction arising from their not enjoying divine service as they 

C 10] 



EVAN ROGERS 

formerly had done, which was to share equally in its benefits 
with the people of Rye; their proportion in its support being 
more or less. 

That this is their privelege they argue from the circumstance 
of their having a claim on the Glebe property belonging to 
this Church. In answer to this the people here observe, 
That although they themselves have a more extensive claim 
on the said property, yet as they cannot enjoy the benefits of 
the ministry without advancing something still further; it is 
right & neccessary that the others also should bear their equal 
proportion in the support of the ministry, the benefits of which 
they wish to enjoy. And thus at present matters appear to 
stand between the two parts of the parish ; & whether they 
will terminate in a cordial union, or a final seperation, it re 
mains for time to determine. 

I this year performed divine Service two Sundays at the 
White plains, twice at Stamford in Connecticut, &, as a mis 
sionary, was three Sundays at Bedford & North Castle. 

Our collection for the Bishop's fund this year was 8 dollars 
& 60 cents, & that for the missionary's $10-17. 

The number of baptisms the present year was fourteen, that 
of marriages ten, & buriels six. 

1804. 

Since the commencement of the year of 1 804. no material 
alteration has taken place in our society. The most cordial 
unanimity subsists between the Rector & the People, & some 
additions have been made to the number of Communicants. 
A larger & more respectable congregation it is presumed 
is seldom known than can be furnished in this parish; & yet, 
after much public & private persuasion, it is deeply regreted, 
that not more than about thirty persons in this place receive 

C 11 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

the holy Sacrament. On Christian principles this is not to be 
accounted for; but the day that is coming will reveal it. 

The collection this year for the Bishop's fund was eight 
dollars & 49 cents & that for the missionaries 10. Dollars 

The number baptised stands at five; marriages nine & 
burials twelve. 

EVAN ROGERS 

Christ Church "j 

Rye. Sep< 2jl 

1804 J 

No superscription. 

Endorsement: 
Christ Chh. Rye. 



ANNOTATIONS 

Christopher Bridge. 

Christopher, a son of the Rev. Robert Bridge, was born at Tillington, 
Essex, England, in 1672. He was educated at Chester School under 
Mr. Hancock, and was entered at St. John's College, Cambridge, 
as a sizar "for M r Stillingfleet, " June 4, 1689. His tutor was Mr. 
Wigby. He proceeded to the degree of bachelor of arts in 1692. 
Without taking the master's degree he studied theology, and was or 
dained. It is understood that he was at first a chaplain in the navy. 
When, in 1692, an assistant was desired in King's Chapel, Boston, 
which had been organized June 5, 1686, King William granted from 
the privy purse a stipend of one hundred pounds for that purpose. 
The assistant was to be known as the King's chaplain. His posi 
tion and duties were largely undefined. The Rev. Mr. Dansy was ap 
pointed, but died on shipboard before reaching Boston. In the summer 
of 1698 the Rev. Mr. White was sent out in the suite of the Earl of 
Bellomont, the new governor of New York and New England, but he 
died at Barbados. Christopher Bridge was then chosen. In addition to 
the King's bounty he was to receive twenty pounds a year, the income 
of a scholarship established by Sir Leoline Jenkins at Jesus College, 

c 12 n 



EVAN ROGERS 

"for a clerk in holy orders who should spend at least two years in 
the American colonies." 

Judge Samuel Sewall thus records in his Diary, under date of March 
4, 1698-99, the arrival of Christopher Bridge on the packet from 
Falmouth, commanded by Captain Foy: 

"Foy arrives came out Faymouth in November in him comes an 
assistant to Mr. Myles who preaches March 5." 

In the records of King's Chapel is this entry: 

" 1698 March 5. P d Mr. Bridge. His first sermon. 2.0.0 " 

Mr. Bridge is represented to have been a finished scholar and a good 
preacher. Mr. Myles, the rector, had the confidence of his people and 
the respect of the Congregational ministers, chief among whom were 
the Mathers, who then had great power and influence. As the King's 
chaplain, Mr. Bridge considered himself independent, although his 
salary was paid through the treasurer of the parish. Difficulties and 
disputes soon developed, and the congregation became divided into two 
factions. The testimony of the royal governor, the Earl of Bellomont, 
shows that the dissension between them did not grow out of neglect 
of their duties. "Mr. Myles and Mr. Bridge are good preachers, I 
will give them all the countenance and encouragement that I can." 
The King's bounty had been remitted each year by Peter Wessen- 
dunck, the agent of the parish in England, in goods which were sal 
able in Boston. Upon these a profit of more than twenty pounds had 
usually been realized, which was, however, not handed over to Mr. 
Bridge, but paid into the treasury. On ' ' Tuesday, March 24th, 1 701 , 
it was finally agreed that Mr. Bridge have the 100 that is allowed 
by the King, he running all risques. ' ' At the close of 1 703 Mr. Bridge 
was requested by the vestry to make a voyage to England, to solicit 
subscriptions for the enlargement of the chapel, but, unfortunately, 
the vestry seem to have acted without the full approbation of the 
rector. Mr. Bridge was a friend of the new governor, Colonel Joseph 
Dudley, who had been appointed in the room of Sir William Phipps 
by Queen Anne, upon her accession in March, 1702 ; and it was ex 
pected that while in England he would second the attempts of the 
members of King's Chapel to retain Governor Dudley in office, and op 
pose the efforts of Mr. Myles and his party to have him superseded by 
Sir Charles Hobby. He carried a letter of commendation, which was 
signed, under date of December 23, 1703, by members of the vestry 

C is l 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

and parish, including Governor Dudley, John Nelson, Thomas New 
ton, Thomas Povey, Edward Lyde, East Ap thorp, and Francis Fox- 
croft. 

Mr. Myles endeavoured to counteract the effect of Mr. Bridge's 
visit by a letter to the well-known theologian, Dr. William Beveridge, 
Archdeacon of Colchester and afterward Bishop of St. Asaph, in which 
he complains of Mr. Bridge, his assistant, who "is now coming for 
England without my Lord of London's Leave or Knowledge and has 
left the whole work on me without my consent he not complying with 
the conditions I proposed, nor allowing time to provide any other as 
sistant. "He requests the archdeacon to use his influence in favour 
of Sir Charles Hobby and to promote his interests with the govern 
ment. He also asks him " if possible to prevent Mr. Bridge's coming 
here again who has been full of Falsehood and Dissimulation & has 
done us more mischief than our open enemies." This letter, dated 
from Boston, January 4, 170|, appears to have fallen into the hands 
of Mr. Bridge, who opened it, and made copies of it with the intention 
of having them sent to the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop of 
London, and other dignitaries of the Church. This was very prejudicial 
to his interests. On his return to Boston, late in the year 1704, Bishop 
Compton sent a sharp letter to the vestry with an order for the removal 
of Mr. Bridge. He also withdrew a part of the hundred pounds which 
was the royal bounty. A meeting of the vestry was held August 9, 
1705, when "Articles of agreement and peace" were drawn up, to 
be signed by both clergymen. 

The Rev. Frederick W. P. Greenwood, in his "History of King's 
Chapel," page 62, gives this summary of the articles and of the 
letter to the Bishop: 

"By this agreement they bound themselves not to join with any 
persons in doing, saying or reporting anything that should tend to 
the damage or dishonor of either ; that they should unite in promot 
ing the welfare of the church, and that they should not officiate any 
where but in their own chapel, without mutual consent. Mr Bridge 
was not to receive any perquisities, which all belonged to Mr Myles 
as minister of the church, and appropriated to him by the bishop's 
especial order; and neither of them was to warn any vestry without 
the full concurrence of the other. These were the main articles; and a 
copy of them was transmitted to the Bishop of London, inclosed in a 



EVAN ROGERS 

letter from the wardens, in which they assure his lordship that in 
many things he had been misinformed, that Mr Bridge was not of 
a proud, lofty and haughty, but of a courteous and agreeable deport 
ment, as became his profession and the gospel, and that both of their 
ministers were worthy of their esteem, ' whether in regard of their 
doctrine, life, or conversation.' They speak of an inclosed affidavit, 
which they trust will clear up the difficulty about the intercepted 
letter, and humbly beg the continuance both of the salary and of 
Mr Bridge's stay with them." 

No formal reconciliation, however, could make these two men of 
such different temperament agree. In a letter to the Rev. Dr. Philip 
Bearcroft, the secretary of the Venerable Society, dated London, Sep 
tember 18, 1740, in which he details the measure he took to secure 
a valuable tract of land for the Church, Captain Thomas Coram, 
who made the beginnings of his fortune in Massachusetts and was 
the founder of the Foundling Asylum in London, explains in part 
the cause for the unpleasantness between these two clergymen. 

"As I was shortly after to return for England, I intended by deed 
of Gift to leave the said 59 acres of land in Taunton to the Church 
in Boston, there being then no other of the Church of England, but 
that one, in the whole province. I therefore got and employed M r . At 
torney General Newton at Boston to prepare a proper deed of Gift 
of the said 59 acres of Land, amply strong and in due form, that 
none of the crafty New Englanders might ever find a flaw in it, I 
knowing too well what sort of folks the major part of the Inhabitants 
of Taunton then were. Do well remember I had the following clause 
inserted in the Deed, viz: 

"That in case the Inhabitants of the Townships of Taunton should 
hereafter be more civilized than now they are, and that upon a Peti 
tion of any 40 rateable persons of the said Township to the Vestry of 
the Church in Boston, desiring any part of the said Land for build 
ing thereon a Church for the worship of Almighty God therein ac 
cording to the Liturgy of the Church of England, or for building a 
School house for the education of youth in that way, it shall then be 
in the power of the said Vestry to give any part or parts of the said 
Land for the above said uses. Provided they have the approbation of 
the Lord Bishop of London for the time being under his hand for 
their so doing. I executed the said Deed some time in the year 1703 

C is ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

I think, and lodged it for the use of the Vestry of the said Church 
of Boston in the hand of M r . Bridge, a Missionary who had been 
sometime there. I liked him better than I did M r . Miles, the Senior 
Minister, who was I think the Bishop's commissary. But there hap 
pened about this time an unhappy difference, hurtful to the Church 
and prevented many from coming to it. The said M r . Bridge was a 
sober man, well esteemed and had married a sober, virtuous, and well- 
bred young Lady, out of one of the best families in that Country, at 
which the Church were highly pleased and made her a handsome 
present of Plate. At which M rs . Miles, the other Minister's Wife, who 
was not so well respected, was filled with resentment, and she in 
censed her husband, who was a very fiery man, against M r . Bridge, 
who came soon after for England, in the beginning of the year 1709, 
for a short time and then M r . Miles, by his Interest with M r . Hall, 
Sec y to Bishop Compton, prevailed with his Lordship to order M r . 
Bridge to remove from Boston, first to one place then to another, in 
some remote parts of the Country, where he and I think his Wife 
died. I believe M r . Miles disrespected the said deed of Gift, because 
it was put into M r . Bridge's hand. I apply'd some few years after to 
the Bishop, after I had made the best inquiry I could possibly other 
wise. Bishop Compton and his Sec y , M r . Hall, both writ to M r . Miles 
about it, but he never gave either any answer. I think M r . Miles pre 
vented the Vestry from taking any notice of the said deed." [Perry'* s 
Historical Collections, vol. in, Massachusetts, p. 344.] 

The plan of having young men who had been born and educated 
in the colonies ordained for the missions of the Venerable Society was 
put forth at an early date, and one of the first mentions of this plan 
is found in the letter from Christopher Bridge. It is unfortunate that 
Mr. Bridge's suggestions were not followed, as had they been, many 
men undoubtedly would have sought the ministry of the Church of 
England. In the third volume of Perry's "Historical Collections," 
that dealing with Massachusetts, we have on page 79 the letter of 
Mr. Bridge to the Secretary of the Society. 

SIR, 

I HAVE yours of Febr 7 by which I am very glad to understand that 
the Hon'ble Society are willing to give encouragements to the Young 
Students of this College, having by familiar conversation knowing 

C ieH 



EVAN ROGERS 

some of them to have very good parts, sound principles, and to be 
well affected both to the Government and Worship of our Church, 
and I believe every way as capable of serving the interest of it here 
as any that may be sent hither, and are only kept back from offering 
themselves by the censures and reproaches of some few leading men. 
I shall be very careful to observe the cautions I have received as to 
the Qualifications of such as shall be found willing to go over that the 
Society may not be disappointed in their expectations. I shall improve 
their propositions amongst our Students so soon as I shall have an 
opportunity which as yet I could not, having been wholly imploy'd 
since the arrival of the Ships in providing for my removal to Narra- 
ganset, whither it has pleased my good Lord of London to order me 
and where I must at the first expect to undergoe many & great diffi- 
cultys, they being at present not capable of providing any comfortable 
Habitation for a Family ; and dwelling at so great distances that they 
cannot meet together in any one place, I must be obliged to spend 
much of my time in travailing amongst them ; but especially on the 
account of whom I shall have to do with, when by means of lewd & 
illiterate fellows that have set themselves up for Teachers and under 
valuing the Holy Scriptures have propagated only their own unac 
countable notions, are overrun with the grossest errors and heresies 
and sunck into the depth of wickedness. To reduce such will be a work 
to which I know myself very unequal and should be glad to see one 
of better abilities employed in it. I humbly pray the Society will be 
pleased to give me what assistance they shall think convenient par 
ticularly in sending me over such Books as 'tis usual for them to 
allow, and whatever commands I shall receive from them shall be 
punctually observed. 

I am Sir, 

Your very Humble Servant, 

CHRIS. BRIDGE. 
Boston, Oft r 7, 1 706. 

Members of the French Reformed Church known as Huguenots 
commenced to emigrate to New York as early as 1625. George Ban 
croft, the historian, notes that even in 1656 the French population in 
New Netherlands was so large that public documents had to be issued 
in the French language. The immigration rapidly increased after the 

n 173 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

revocation of the Edict of Nantes, October 22, 1685, and contin 
ued steadily until the year 1690. Previous to 1680 the Huguenots 
met for divine worship in private houses. In that year the plan of a 
church building was formed, and in 1682 was carried out under the 
Rev. Pierre Daille. He was a man of learning, modesty, and energy. 
At the age of thirty he had been professor in the academy of Sau- 
mur, but his intense zeal for the Protestant cause led to his being ban 
ished from France. He first took refuge in Holland. When he came 
to America he revived the spirits of his brethren by visiting the various 
Huguenot colonies and organizing them into congregations, to which 
he preached as often as possible. He has been called the Huguenot 
Apostle of America. After the dissolution of the Oxford colony, in 
1696, many Huguenots settled in Boston, where a church had been 
formed in 1687, which had a precarious existence. 

With the increase of strength from Oxford the church became more 
vigorous, and Mr. Daille was called to be its pastor. Like others, he had 
received holy orders in the Church of England, and many of the con 
gregation were inclined to her doctrines and discipline. In 1705 a lot for 
a church had been bought on School Street, but the poverty of the con 
gregation did not allow them to build at that time. It was under these 
circumstances that an application for aid was made to the Venerable 
Society, which Mr. Bridge supported in the following letter, given in 
Perry's ' ' Historical Collections," volume iii, Massachusetts, page 81 : 

SIR, 

M*. DAILLE the Minister of the French congregat" in this Town is 
necessitated to intreat the Assistance of the Hon ble Society for an ad 
dition to his Maintainance which is at present very small, he not re 
ceiving above 30 p r ann m from his people besides the yearly interest 
of what the late King gave them, which is about 20 a year more. 
He was Episcopally ordained and many years past sent into these 
parts by the Lord Bishop of London and is a Man of great Learn 
ing and sobriety and very Industrious in his Ministerial Functions. I 
understand he hath applied himself to you by other hands which 
might have excused me and I heartily wish his addresses may meet 
with success. I am, Sir, 

Your Humble Serv', 
Boston, Oa r 1 5 th , 1 706. CHRIS. BRIDGES. 

C is j 



EVAN ROGERS 

Mr. Daille died in 1715. A church was subsequently built under the 
Rev. Andrew Le Mercier, which was in use for thirty years with 
decreasing congregations, as many had conformed to the Church of 
England. It was finally closed in 1748, when there were only eight 
communicants. 

In the following letter, taken from page 65 of " Greenwood's History 
of King's Chapel," Dr. Compton displays the sound common sense 
which always distinguished him, whether as a political leader, a tutor 
to the royal princesses, or as a bishop : 

GENTLEMEN, 

I AM sorry with all my heart you have so little concerned yourselves 
for the peace of the church, as to uphold a controversy which may 
so easily be laid asleep, and whilst these two gentlemen are together 
upon the same place I do not see how it ever will be effected. As to 
your imagining that I might too easily blame Mr Bridge concern 
ing the letter of Mr Myles which was broken open, I can assure you 
the first copy I saw of it was sent up in triumph to London, either 
by Mr Bridge or his order, from Plymouth or Portsmouth, soe that I 
took it not at second hand; though I blame Mr Nicholls extremely 
for promoting that which he must needs know could produce nothing 
but animositie, but can by noe means excuse Mr Bridge; and indeed 
I hope there is none among you that can approve of that malitious 
practice of spreading about copies of this letter, which must needs 
breed very ill blood among you. But I say this rather for my own jus 
tification, than that I would quarrell any further with Mr Bridge on 
that account, and therefore I shall not be soe earnest for his removall, 
otherwise than that I am convinced it is impossible for him and Mr 
Myles to live together in peace. I know his spirit is too high to sub 
mit to that subordination which it is absolutely necessarie he should 
comply with whilst he stayes at Boston, soe that I would by all means 
advise him to goe to Narragan setts, where he may have an hundred 
pounds per annum sterling, besides what perquisites he may make 
upon the place, and there he will be his own Master. 

You must likewise give me leave to tell you that I think you have 
made a great mistake in one of the articles of reconciliation which 
you have drawn up, where you have in a manner sett Mr Bridge 
upon an equall foot with Mr Myles, by making the call of a Vestry 

C 19 H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

depend upon their joynt consent, whereas Mr Bridge hath nothing 
more to doe in the Church than what Mr Myles shall direct him, as 
he is the Curate and Assistant; wherefore you must pardon me, if 
after all the due regard I have for you, I must deale soe plainly with 
you as to tell you that you have been carried on too far in this matter 
by some that have more respect of persons than for the reall good 
and peace of the church. I know I shall be forced at last to recall 
Mr Bridge, and therefore I wish you would persuade him to make 
it his owne choice to retire to some other place, where he shall find 
me his sincere friend, notwithstanding all that has been said. I 
pray God direct you for the best, and desire you would believe me, 
Gentlemen, 

Your most assured friend and servant 

H. LONDON. 

Postscript. I forgot to give you a more particular account in the in 
closed of Mr Bridge's proceedings in that letter of Mr Myles ; that 
he writt from the Port in England, before he went away, to Mr Wes- 
sendunck, to take care to communicate that same letter, or the copie, 
to my Ld. Arch Bp. of Canterbury, and myselfe; which I think is 
evidence enough of his concern in it. 

H. LONDON. 
Fulham : feb : 1 2 : 1 706. 

The first actual settler in Rhode Island was William Blackstone, 
who went there in 1636. He was a priest of the Church of England, 
a graduate of the University of Cambridge, and is supposed to have 
come to New England on one of the expeditions of Sir Robert Gorges, 
about 1623. He made a home on the peninsula of Shawmut, planted 
an orchard, cleared and cultivated many acres, and had a herd of 
fine cattle. His cabin stood near the present Boston Common. By 
his invitation members of the Massachusetts Company, under John 
Winthrop, which arrived at Mishawum, now Charlestown, came 
over in 1630 to Shawmut, and commenced the settlement which 
soon after was named Boston. After Blackstone came Roger Wil 
liams and his companions on their banishment from Massachusetts, 
who founded the town of Providence. Others, Quakers and Gortoni- 
ans, whose religious opinions did not conform to those of the Mas 
sachusetts Puritans, sought religious freedom in Rhode Island. Mr. 

C'03 



EVAN ROGERS 

Blackstone, it is said, read the service of the Church of England and 
frequently preached on his farm, under the shade of a tree afterward 
known as the Catholic Oak. He also visited Providence, held services, 
and rewarded the children who could say the Catechism, with apples 
from his orchards. For more than forty years he lived peacefully at 
Study Hill, as he named his house, dying there in 1675. 

The first attempt of Churchmen in Rhode Island to organize a par 
ish was at Newport, Rhode Island, where services were held by the 
Rev. Mr. Bethune and the Rev. John Lockyer about 1697. In 1699 the 
Churchmen of that town sent a petition to "His Excellency Richard, 
Earl of Bellomont, Capt. Generall and Gov r in Chiefe in and over the 
provinces of the Massachusetts Bay, New York and New Hampshire, 
and the Territories thereon depending in America and Vice Admiral of 
the same, " in which they informed him of their intention to build a 
Church for the worship of God according to the discipline of the Church 
of England, and requested assistance for the maintenance of a minister. 
They were ready and disposed * ' to give all the encouragement we pos 
sibly can to a Pious and learned Minister to settle and abide amonst 
us," but could not "contribute to such an Hon ble Maintenance as may 
be requisite and expedient. ' ' They therefore asked him * ' to intercede 
with his Majesty for his gracious letters to this Government on our be- 
halfe to protect and encourage us," and for assistance in the support 
of their minister, and also wrote to ' * the Lords of the Council of Trade 
and Plantations or to such Ministers of State as your Excellency shall 
judge convenient in and about the premises." It was signed by six 
teen men prominent in the town and colony, among them Gabriel 
Bernon and Pierre Ayrould, survivors of the Oxford Huguenot col 
ony, William Brinley, Robert Gardiner, Isaac Martindale, Thomas 
Mallett, Thomas Fox, and Thomas Lillibridge. As a venture of faith 
they commenced to build a church without waiting for the response 
to their petition. 

It is said that the first services were held by the Rev. Mr. Bethune, 
who was probably chaplain to an English man-of-war. He was soon 
succeeded by the Rev. John Lockyer, who gained the commenda 
tion of even the Quakers. The church was "finished all on the out 
side and the inside pewed well, but not beautified," during the year 
1702. The Rev. John Lockyer remained in charge until his death in 
April, 1704. When the Rev. George Keith and the Rev. John Talbot, 

C 21 1 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

travelling missionaries of the Venerable Propagation Society, visited 
Rhode Island in the summer of 1702, they spent much time in New 
port, where Mr. Keith, who was formerly a Quaker preacher, dis 
puted with the Quakers in their meetings. He also officiated atTrinity 
Church, Newport, and on the mainland at Swansea and Narragan- 
sett. George Keith records in his Journal: "August 23, Sunday. 
I Preached at Naraganset, (that lyes on the Continent, but it is not 
far from Rkod-Island) at the House of Mr. Qpdyke's where I had 
a considerable Auditory, my Text was Titus 2. 11. The People there 
are very desirous, that a Church of England minister be sent to them. ' ' 
[Protestant Episcopal Historical Collections, vol. i, p. 22.] Soon after the 
death of Mr. Lockyer the Rev. James Honyman commenced his long 
and fruitful rectorship. 

That part of Rhode Island extending west from Newport to the 
Connecticut line was called, after the dominant Indian tribe, the Nar- 
ragansett Country. From 1664-65 to 1726 it was known as the King's 
Province. The title to it was disputed by Connecticut and Rhode 
Island. It was a fertile, pleasant region, and early attracted settlers ; the 
first being Richard Smith of Gloucestershire, England, who in 1637 
erected a house at Cocumscussuc, near Wickford, known as Smith's 
Castle. It was at his house that Roger Williams preached monthly to 
the Indians and that William Blackstone also had his monthly ser 
vice. On these journeys he is said to have ridden his trained mouse- 
coloured bull. Among the Church of England families in Narragansett 
before 1700 were the Smiths, Updikes, Wilsons, Willetts, Mum- 
fords, Bulls, Balfours, Gardiners, Remingtons, Richardsons, Browns, 
Phillipses, and Dickinsons. They were most of them well-to-do people, 
living on their lands in large comfortable residences, cultivating ex 
tensive farms, and breeding horses which were afterward known as 
the Narragansett pacers. On September 23, 1706, soon after the receipt 
of the Bishop's letter, a vestry meeting was held, "at Mr. Paule 
Dudley's, his Excellency being present, my Lord of London's letter 
was read relating to Mr. Bridge his removall to the Narrow gansetts 
&c to which he complied, and wished me, Savill Simpson, to tell Mr. 
Myles that he left the Charge of the Church wholly to his care, and 
intended to goe to Narragansetts in three days." [Greenwood* s Xing' s 
Chapel, p. 67.] Accordingly, in the autumn of 1706 Mr. Bridge took 
up his residence at Kingston, and was able to effect the purchase, from 

c 22 : 



EVAN ROGERS 

Captain Benony Sweet and his wife Elizabeth, of a plot of ground 
upon which to erect a church. The deed was dated June 17, 1707, and 
granted " to Mr. Christopher Bridge, clerk of the Church at Kingstown 
afore sd , Charles Dickinson and Sam 1 . Both of Kingstown 

afore sd ," and "to the uses Intents and Purposes therein after men 
tioned a certain Tract or parsell of Land Scetuate lying and being at 
King , aforesaid containing by estimation Two acres more 

or Being butted and Bounded," &c. 

On page 120 of her * * Old Wickford, the Venice of America, ' ' Mrs. 
Frances Burge Griswold says of the church which was built in the 
same year : 

"Situated on a green and retired spot at the end of a lane that is 
fast becoming an inhabited street of our Venice, standing solitary and 
comparatively useless, is a rustic and venerable building that bears, 
both within and without, the evident marks of old age. Nearly two 
hundred years ago it was built upon another foundation, about five 
miles from its present site, the land being given by Lodowick Up- 
dyke,who was born in 1646. Driving from Wickford to the south 
west, through Allenton, along the Ridge Hill road, we pass Pentaze- 
kias Corner, and soon come to a spot that now seems desolate in 
deed. The present isolation from all signs of human habitation might 
well lead us to wonder at the choice of this locality for a place of 
Divine worship, but for our knowledge of the condition of things in 
this part of Narragansett in the early colonial times. There were then 
scattered over South Kingstown and Boston Neck, and the region 
round about, large landed proprietors, with their fine houses, and 
many slaves and dependents ; and a church in this spot was equidis 
tant from most of the congregation. Prior to its erection, the English 
Churchmen settled in this part of the country, worshipped in private 
houses. Earnestly desiring positive and stated priestly offices, and 
a holy temple for the worship of Almighty God, they applied to the 
Bishop of London for a clergyman. . . . The records of the time 
speak of it as 'a timber building commodiously situated for those who 
generally attend divine service. It is distant from Providence, the 
nearest Church twenty seven miles.' 

"It was a plain, oblong structure, with curved ceiling; many win 
dows, some of them arched, and all with innumerable small panes of 
glass. A wide gallery was added, in 1723, on the front and two sides, 

23 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

with six round, substantial pillars upholding it. There was an old-fash 
ioned wine-glass pulpit, with reading desk below. The chancel and altar 
were in the east, apart from the place of Common Prayer and preach 
ing. Square box pews surrounded the sides, and were in the centre. A 
broad double door of entrance was in front, and a smaller one on the 
west. There was originally no tower nor spire. Access to the galleries 
was by stairs leading from the main floor. 

' To the people of the present day, the obstacles to worship in that 
church of nearly two centuries ago, would seem insurmountable. Far 
removed from the residences ; no communication except by ' drift- ways ' 
or cattle paths, through the different plantations; no luxurious car 
riages ; only the horseback rides to and fro, whatever the state of the 
weather ; nothing but heated soapstones, or little tin foot-stoves, with 
live coals, to make the frigid temperature in winter endurable. Who 
among us would often brave such discomforts in order to reach the 
House of God?" 

In 1800 the church was removed to Wickford, and was used for ser 
vices until St. Paul's Day, 1848, when a new and larger church, in 
the centre of the village, was consecrated by Bishop Henshaw. The 
old church is still standing, and at least one service a year is held in 
it. There are no records extant for that period, and Mr. Bridge sent 
no reports to the Venerable Society. In the fall of 1707 the Rev. James 
Honyman of Newport went to England on private business, and Mr. 
Bridge was invited to officiate. He became so popular that a few who 
were disaffected toward Mr. Honyman desired Mr. Bridge to become 
the minister of Newport. They made such representations to the 
Society and to the Bishop of London, setting forth rumours affecting 
the moral character of Mr. Honyman and the disinclination of the 
congregation for his return, that the supposed wish of the congregation 
was granted, and Mr. Bridge was appointed. To his mortification and 
surprise, Mr. Honyman found himself removed, and as the charges 
against him which first reached England were vague, he was unfor 
tunately unable to refute them on the spot. 

Mr. Bridge was called to Newport, but while residing there he held 
the position at Narragansett, where he officiated occasionally. The ves 
try at Newport sent to the Bishop of London the following expression 
of their gratitude at the appointment of Mr. Bridge. As found in the 
transcripts made by Dr. Hawks, it is entitled "Divers of the Vestry 

C 2 4 3 



EVAN ROGERS 

at Newport in Rhode Island to the Society." There are no signa 
tures. 

Newport 2 nd Febx 170^- 

May it please Your Lordship and the rest of the honourable Society. 

IT is with the greatest sense of gratitude that we humbly lay before 
your Lordships our most hearty and thankful acknowledgements for 
the many and great favours we have received from your Lord 8 in 
this place but tho they have been all great and highly prized yet this 
last in ordering the rev? M r . Bridge to be our minister transcends so 
far that we want words to express our joy and satisfaction for the 
same, it cannot but redound much to the Interest and flourishing of 
a Church when there is an example of Piety and Virtue to be the 
Guide and teacher, tis that, that under God, the happiness of a Church 
depends on in these Parts where example is the chiefest ornament in 
his house. And Mr. Bridge's life and conversation being so exem 
plary and every way answerable to his function gives so great satis 
faction to the inhabitants of this place that it will constantly prompt 
us to renew our thanks to your Lordship and the rest of the Hon* bl< 
Society, for him. We humbly beg the continuance of your favour. 
[Rhode Island Transcripts, p. 28.] 

The formal letter of thanks was followed by a longer one, with the 
same heading in the Hawks Transcripts, in which details are given 
of the unbecoming behaviour of Mr. Honyman, both before and after 
his residence in Newport, which led them to wish for his removal. 
Referring to Mr. Bridge, the vestry say : " As soon as we understood 
he was to leave Boston we judged it a fit occasion particularly to desire 
his settlement among us, to which we were much encouraged by the 
frequent and pressing instances of Mr. Myles." All the addresses to 
the Bishop, the Society, and others were, they added, "entirely with 
out the knowledge of Mr. Bridge." They concluded in these words: 
1 'And now at length (before our Congregation was quite dissolved) we 
have to our unexpressable satisfaction and joy received your appoint 
ment for him to serve our Church." 

The exact time when Mr. Bridge took up his residence in Newport 
does not appear from any extant documents. The following letter of the 
Rev. Thomas Barclay, who had been appointed chaplain to Fort Albany 

C H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

in the Province of New York, and who after his arrival at Boston 
in November, 1707, spent the winter there, shows the situation in 
March, 1707-8. It is taken from page 24 of the "Rhode Island 
Transcripts. ' ' 

Boston 7 th March 1707-8. 
MY LORD, 

HAVING been sometime in this town I am capable of informing your 
Lordship of the occasion of the unhappy divisions of this Church, 
which are purely owing to Mr. Bridge, a man of an ambitious tur 
bulent and covetous temper. Mr. Bridge not at all being satisfied with 
a hundred a year which the Queen had allowed him at your Lord 
ship's desire and being as little pleased with the station appointed him, 
which was inferior to Mr. Myles, he sought out for a set of men here 
who are of such lives that any good man would be ashamed to con 
verse with, but who were ready on all occasions to assist him in causing 
broils and divisions and heartily embraced this opportunity of over 
throwing and rooting out that Church which good Mr. Myles had with 
much toil and Labour planted here. Men I say who never participate 
of the Holy Sacrament, seldom or rarely do some of them come to 
Church, persons noted for their bad lives. These he thought fit instru 
ments to assist him in carrying on his ambitious and covetous designs, 
for he was so far from being contented with the Queen's bounty, that 
he sought after private contributions which robbed Mr. Myles of his 
right and he had considerable presents from some of his hearers even 
to the value of 24 at a time from one, 3 or 4 from another. But all this 
was nothing to him, while Mr. Myles was above him, and he must 
either have the Church alone or no peace must be. When he was re 
moved from this place he would not hear of settling at Rhode Island. 
Tho now nothing else will please him. Since my arrival here he hath 
preached but twice or thrice at Narragansett staying all the winter at 
Boston and stirring up Mr. Myles people against him for while he is 
here there is nothing but dissention and murmuring. He is no sooner 
gone than all again is quiet, he exercises his ministerial function at 
Boston without leave or being employed by Mr. Myles neglects his 
own flock and stirs up the people here to bite and devour one another. 
He draws pay for being chaplain to the Deptford and does no duty 
for it. 

THOMAS BARCLAY. 

C *O 



EVAN ROGERS 

Meanwhile, the friends of Mr. Honyman were not inactive and took 
steps to restore him to the good opinion of the Bishop and the Society. 
Bishop Compton wrote June 11,1 708 , to the secretary, John Chamber- 
layne, informing him of a report which he had received from Colonel 
Robert Quarry of Burlington, New Jersey, who was then the Queen's 
Surveyor-General of Customs, and in which it was stated that the 
complaints against Mr. Honyman " proceed entirely from a pique of 
one Gardner whom he undertakes to quiet but says otherwise they 
have an entire satisfaction in Mr. Honyman both as to his preaching 
and living and that the Church there at Newport would be utterly 
broke should he be removed. He is afraid that Mr. Bridge as under 
hand fomented all this trouble, who tho' a man of good parts and sober 
has yet a high and troublesome spirit and ought to be severely told 
of it. So that when I shall have appeased Mr. Bridge, the Colonel 
undertakes to bring Gardner to reason for he is under his command 
as Deputy Collec r of the Queen's Customs. I do not see how we can 
expect a more certain account, and am therefore of opinion that we 
should send Mr. Honyman back by the first opportunity least this 
Church should be wholly lost." [Rhode Island Transcripts , p. 26.] 
When it was known in Newport that the old rector had been rein 
stated, Governor Samuel Cranston, who was not a Churchman, wrote 
a letter to the secretary, dated November 18, 1708, explaining his at 
titude in the matter and his opinion of the effect in Newport of such 
reinstatement : 

Since I have been informed that he hath your commission to leave 
this Church I think myself obliged in the duty to give my opinion 
freely of it and to assure you most sincerely that his having been here 
so long already hath been the very cause the Church of England in 
this place hath not found that encouragement and success it hath met 
with elsewhere in America : that the persons who signed letters for 
his removal I know to be the most zealous promoters of and contrib 
utors to it as well as by much the most in numbers, that since his 
absence the Church regained its just esteem amongst the inhabitants 
and do every day increase, which is chiefly to be attributed to the 
sober Conversation and meek obliging Temper of their present min 
ister Mr. Bridge who hath obtained a more general esteem and value 
among the whole people of this place than any of your missionarys 
which we have yet had amongst us, and that I have just reason to 

C 27 H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

think that Mr. Hony man's return hither will put the whole Church 
in such confusion as must need destroy it." 

Mr. Bridge seems to have left his family in Boston and sailed for 
England early in the spring of 1708-09. It was while there that he 
received the appointment to the parish of Rye. 

The Rev. George Muirson had ended his laborious life October 12, 
1708, as rector of Rye, New York, and missionary in Connecticut. 
Colonel Lewis Morris, in a letter dated May 30, 1 709, recommended as 
Mr. Muirson 's successor the Rev. ^EneasMacKenzieof Staten Island, 
" in which place," he says, "he is buried among a parcel of French 
and Dutch, who can't understand him, there being but few English 
there, and a place in which he seldom has his health. ' ' Before this letter 
could be considered, the Society had sent the Rev. Mr. Reynolds, who 
arrived in October, 1709. But he was at once recalled by order of the 
Society when he had officiated only two or three Sundays. Mr. Bridge 
arrived at Boston about November 20, 1709. He bore with him a com 
mission from the Venerable Society, dated August 19, 1709, in which 
his duty is set forth and the Society agree to give him ' ' the sum of fifty 
pounds lawful money of Great Britain, " which was to be paid at ' 'the 
ffeast days of St. Michael the Archangel, the Nativity of our Lord, 
ye Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and the Nativity of 
St. John Baptist in every year during their said pleasure." [Boltori 's 
History of the Church in Westchester, p. 192.] 

In January, 1710, Mr. Bridge took the long journey of two hundred 
and forty miles, and receiving a cordial greeting from the people of the 
parish, immediately entered upon his duties. In a letter to the Society 
written May 15, 1710, Colonel Caleb Heathcote says: 

"Since Mr. Reynolds' removal from hence, Mr. Bridge according 
to the Society's direction hath taken care of the parish in which he 
hath with great care and industry answered the end of his mission ; 
nor am I under the least doubt that he will continue to do the Church 
considerable service, being a gentleman not only of extraordinary good 
parts, but of an active temper. ' ' Mr. Bridge's formal call by the vestry 
was in April, 1710. In July of that year Elias Neau, the catechist of 
New York, wrote of him : "I believe him capable of edifying his flock. 
I have sent him several French books he having had the misfortune 
to lose all his own." 

Upon October 17, 1710, the governor, Brigadier Robert Hunter, 



EVAN ROGERS 

issued his mandate for the induction of Mr. Bridge, who in his first let 
ter to the Society, written from Rye November 20, 1710, announced 
his arrival at Boston in the previous November, and after requesting 
that his salary be paid to his attorney, Mr. Wessendunck of London, 
proceeds to say: 

' ' I must likewise take this occasion to acquaint you that immedi 
ately upon the receipt of my books, clothes, &c. from Piscataqua, I 
put them, together with what books I had at Boston, and such other 
things as I should have present occasion for, on board a sloop bound 
for New- York. My books I had been several years in collecting, and 
were at a low estimation, worth 150 ; my clothes and other neces- 
sarys worth 50 or 60 ; with them was the box of small books I 
received from Mr. Treasurer Hodges, for the use of the parishioners 
of this place. But soon after the sloop went out of Boston harbour she 
was chased by a privateer, and to get clear of him run ashore, and 
bad weather coming up, she stove to pieces, and what she had on 
board was lost. As soon as the weather was seasonable, I returned to 
Boston for my family, and then with great trouble and more charge 
than they were worth, recovered a very few of my books that were 
taken up out of the salt water, about 30, but they were so damnified 
that they can hardly be used. I could recover nothing of my clothes ; 
some of the books I bought upon credit when last in London, of 
Mr. John Lawrence, at the Angel in the Poultry, and they are not yet 
paid for. I find no library here, that I need not say how uneasy and 
dissatisfied I am to be destitute of books, and without any company 
that might supply that want. I hoped to borrow out of the library at 
New- York, but scruples were raised against letting any of those books 
go so far. I humbly leave my case with the Honourable Society, and 
rely on their charitable benevolence for some relief and assistance in 
this my necessity." [Boltorfs History of the Church in Westchester, 



He states that there were two hundred and eighty-four members of 
the Church of England, and four hundred and sixty-eight Dissenters ; 
several of the latter, however, were serious people and frequently came 
to church. There were forty-three communicants, many of whom 
were not constant, some being still Presbyterians or Independents in 
their judgement, but were willing to partake of the sacrament in which 
way they could, rather than not at all. Mr. Bridge found the church 

c 99 : 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

building unfinished, and in a letter to the Society, giving an historical 
account of that parish, written in 1717, he says: "They raised a 
handsome outside, and covered and glazed it, but found nothing done 
in the inside; not so much as a floor laid. When I had for a year or 
two preached upon the ground, I got subscriptions for about 50, 
among the inhabitants towards finishing the inside." 

Mr. Bridge was troubled, as were many other missionaries of the 
period, by the fanaticism of the Quakers. In a letter of June, 1712, 
he says he attended one of the week-day meetings, when "three of 
their speakers entered into a dispute with me about the scriptures, 
the doctrine of perfection and the divinity of Christ. Their ignorance, 
and extravagance by this means became so manifest to a multitude 
of people that were about us that they could not any longer find room 
for their insinuations, and soon after forbore their meetings." [Hoi- 
ton's History of the Church in Westchester, p. 200.] Afterward many 
came regularly to the services held in Grace Church, and one preacher 
renounced his former opinions for the doctrines of the Church as set 
forth by Mr. Bridge. In the Abstract of the Society for 1714 Mr. 
Bridge's work is commended, and it is said that he "had reduced 
many who were brought up in a very dissolute way of living, and to 
a total neglect of public worship, to a more sober conversation, and a 
constant attendance on the worship of God, using his utmost endeav 
ours to put a stop to many disorderly practices, which had prevailed 
to the great reproach of religion." 

With increasing zeal Mr. Bridge continued his work until his death, 
May 22, 1719. He was buried within the parish church. In the ' ' Bos 
ton News-Letter" for the week from June 1 to June 8, 1719, is this 
notice of him : 

4 We have an account from Rye, in the government of New-York, 
of the death of the Rev. Mr. Bridge, M. A. a presbyter of the church 
of England, and minister of the Gospel in that place, who died on 
Saturday, the 23d of May last. He was formerly, for many years to 
gether, one of the ministers of the church of England in Boston, a re 
ligious and worthy man, a very good scholar and afine, grave preacher, 
his performances in the pulpit, were solid, judicious and profitable, 
his conversation was agreeable and improving, and though a strict 
churchman in his principles, yet of great respect and charity to dis 
senters, and much esteemed by them. He was bred at the University 

C 30 ] 



EVAN ROGERS 

of Cambridge, in England, and was about forty-eight years of age 
when he died, very much lamented." 

Mr. Bridge married Elizabeth Foxcroft. She was a daughter of 
Francis Foxcroft, a member and vestryman of King's Chapel, Bos 
ton. The family have been distinguished in the annals of New Eng 
land. In 1720 Mrs. Bridge married the Rev. Thomas Poyer of Ja 
maica, and died about 1724. There is no record of the children of 
Christopher and Elizabeth Bridge. A son named Christopher was 
graduated from Harvard College in 1733, and was commended to the 
Bishop of London for holy orders by the Rev. Roger Price of King's 
Chapel in 1736. In a letter to his friend, the Rev. Dr. Zachary Gray 
of London, dated October 8, 1736, the Rev. Dr. Cutler of Boston, 
after referring to the departure of his own son for orders, adds : 

"And pray, Sir, bestow a share of your goodness on a deserving 
young man in his company, going over with him for Holy Orders. 
His name is Christopher Bridge, son of a late worthy Missionary in 
these parts, who was formerly educated in your Cambridge. He has 
been an orphan for many years, educated by Dissenting friends, and 
graduated Master of Arts in Harvard College ; and is now upon con 
viction recovered into the bosom of our Church ; and from a man of 
his abilities and very good life, we promise much advantage to our 
poor Church, if he may but succeed in his desires to serve her. What 
friends you have belonging to the Society for the Propagation of 
the Gospel are most capable of assisting him, and I humbly hope for 
your intercession to that purpose." [Perry's Historical Co/lections, 
vol. Hi, Massachusetts, p. 675.] 

It is understood that the younger Mr. Bridge spent his ministry in 
the West Indies, principally in Jamaica, where he died in 1773. 

Thomas Poyer. 

Thomas Poyer was a native of Wales. His grandfather was the gal 
lant Colonel Poyer who so bravely defended Pembroke Castle against 
the parliamentary troops in the contest with Charles the First. He 
was educated at Oxford, where he was a student of Brasenose College. 
He was made deacon by the Rt. Rev. Dr. William Lloyd, Bishop of 
Worcester, in the parish church of Hartlebury, and on June 9, 1706, 
was assigned to the charge of Burton. He was ordained priest by 
the Rt. Rev. Dr. George Bull, Bishop of St. David's, in the Chapel 

C 31 II 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

of St. Mary-the- Virgin, Brecknock. He became a chaplain in the 
navy, and in February, 1709, was at Port Mahon, Africa. On De 
cember 16, 1709, he was appointed by the Venerable Society mis 
sionary at Jamaica, Long Island. He was licensed to officiate in the 
Plantations by the Bishop of London, Dr. Henry Compton, Decem 
ber 23, 1709. His passage to America was long and tedious, occupy 
ing thirteen weeks, and ending in a shipwreck on the shores of Long 
Island, one hundred miles from Jamaica. The details of Mr. Foyer's 
troubled rectorship will be found in the sketch of Grace Church, Ja 
maica, in Volume II, page 277. It was probably the frequent con 
tentions with the civil authorities for the payment of his salary that 
induced him to listen favourably to the proposals from the vestry of 
Rye when he officiated there, in his turn, by order of Commissary 
Vesey, after the death of Mr. Bridge in 1719. In the letter given on 
page 212 of Bolton's "Church in Westchester County," Mr. Poyer 
thus details the circumstances : 

Jamaica, Feb. I \tk, 1719. 

HON. SIR, 

I MAKE no doubt of your being informed of the death of the Rev. Mr. 
Bridge, late pastor of the Church at Rye, and that the Honourable 
Society have ordered another to succeed him. 

I am just returned from serving that Church in my turn, according 
to an agreement between the ministers of this province ; and cannot 
but acquaint you that most of the inhabitants, some communicants, 
are doing what they can to pull down what the established ministers 
They have resolved to call one Mr. Buckingham, a Dissenting min 
ister, and have accordingly sent to acquaint him of it. I was then at 
Rye, in company with a great many of them, and did all that I could 
to bring them into a better mind in that respect, after which they told 
me their resolution was this, that they were so well satisfied with me 
and my conduct, that they would call no other than myself, and that 
if I would not accept of their call, they knew one, naming the afore 
said Mr. Buckingham, that would ; so they desired my answer, and 
I told them I would write home to the Honourable Society about it the 
first opportunity, (not at all expecting to meet this ship that I thought 
sailed some weeks ago,) and I questioned not but they would order 
me to Rye, on which I find they have resolved to call me ; had I known 

: 32 : 



EVAN ROGERS 

of this ship in those parts, I would have got the Churchwardens 
and Vestry called, and sent it herewith, but expect this per next con 
veyance. 

I have not time now to write to my Lord of London, my much hon 
oured Diocesan, and pray that this may be communicated to him, and 
that what is necessary from the Venerable Society, and that worthy 
Lord, in order to removal, be sent to me per the next opportunity. 

I trust there are none of my most honoured Patrons, do entertain so 
hard a thought of me as to believe I have any prospect of a temporal 
advantage by this removal. No, God knows I have not indeed, I must 
say that I cannot have, for besides that Jamaica is a much pleasanter 
place, where I have abundantly better conversation than can be had at 
Rye, and then the allowance from the country, for the Minister, is 10 
per annum more here than there. I assure you if riches were my aim, 
I had invitations enough, and between 400 and 500 per annum, 
offered me if I would have removed from here, into the West In 
dies, but those arguments, powerful enough to induce some, I thank 
God, have not been able to prevail with me to leave the church over 
which, though most unworthy, I was thought fit to be appointed over 
seer, in so much troubles ; its nothing but the peace of the church that 
has inclined me to listen to the frequent requests of the people at Rye, 
they have promised me if I would come to them, they would be united 
in their affections, and one and all come to hear me. 

May the Lord Jesus Christ, the great and good master of the flock, 
make me under him, a happy instrument in uniting the people in 
making up the divisions among them, and quenching the flames that 
blaze out. 

I present my utmost duty to my ever honoured Patrons, heartily, ear 
nestly, and constantly praying for them, and to beg Sir, you '11 please 
excuse this haste, and to send an answer per first opportunity, to 
Honoured Sir, 

Your humble servant, 

THOMAS POYER. 

Mr. Poyer appears to have visited Rye frequently both to preach and 
to administer the sacraments. During the year 1720-21 he is said to 
have been in charge of the parish, and was allowed by the vestry, 
February 28, 1720-21, "twelve pounds and ten shillings for his ser- 

C 33 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

vices done to this parish as a minister, and that lie be so contin 
ued provided the Society allow it." Having finally declined the request 
of the vestry, he returned to Jamaica in 1722, where he continued 
in charge until his death, January 15, 173132. He endured much 
suffering and distress through vexatious lawsuits for salary and the 
recovery of the Church glebe. He was a conscientious and painstak 
ing worker. Many of his sermons were preserved through the care of 
his granddaughter, Miss Caty Van Nostrand. The endorsements upon 
them are interesting. One on a sermon preached at Jamaica reads : 

'The day of Thanksgiving after the discovery of the Negro plot. 
Wednesday May 21, 1712." On his sermon delivered at Trinity 
Church, New York, April 25, 1714, he writes : "The governor and 
his lady at Church." His sermon for June 28, 1716, is endorsed: 

4 Thanksgiving for the overthrow of the enemies of Church and 
State in North Britain. "He frequently notes that he read " briefs " 
from the royal governor, authorizing a general collection for persons 
in distress, particularly when "burned out." 

Mr. Poyer was married three times. His first wife, whose name was 
Frances, died April 15, 1719. His second wife was the widow of the 
Rev. Christopher Bridge. His third \vife was Sarah, a daughter of 
Justice Joseph Oldfield of Jamaica. Mr. Poyer apparently published 
no sermons or books. 

Robert Jenney. 

Robert, a son of the Venerable Henry Jenney, was born in 1688 at 
Wanney Town, Ireland. His father was rector of the parish and Arch 
deacon of Armagh. Robert entered Trinity College, Dublin, October 
13, 1704. His tutor was John Wetherby, and his course was pur 
sued under the direction of Dr. Jones. He was ordained in 1710, and 
became a chaplain in the navy. In 1714 he was made assistant to the 
Rev. Evan Evans, in Christ Church, Philadelphia, where he also acted 
as schoolmaster. In 1715 he was transferred to New York City as 
assistant to the Rev. William Vesey, with a stipend of fifty pounds 
from the Venerable Propagation Society. He was acceptable to the rec 
tor and congregation. He also took the place of the Rev. John Sharpe, 
chaplain to the Fort of New York, who in the spring of 1713-14 had 
sailed for England. Mr. Sharpe resigned about 1716, and in 1717 the 
governor, Brigader Robert Hunter, appointed Robert Jenney chaplain 

C 34 ] 



EVAN ROGERS 

to the fort, and as his stated services there were on specified Sunday 
mornings and only on Wednesdays and Fridays, he was able to take 
the daily prayers at Trinity Church on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and 
Fridays, and the service on every Sunday afternoon. 

It was on June 4, 1722, more than three years after the death of 
Mr. Bridge, that the churchwardens and vestrymen of Rye called the 
Rev. Robert Jenney as rector. In their letter to the Venerable Society 
they say: ' ' We are confident that his residence amongst us will effect 
ually reconcile all our differences, and heal all our breaches occasioned 
by our being so long without a faithful and prudent pastor, to guide 
and instruct us." Mr. Jenney was at once presented to the governor 
for induction, and under Governor Burnett's mandate that ceremony 
was performed by the Rev. Thomas Foyer of Jamaica, June 7, 1722. 
In his first report to the Society, dated from Rye, December 15, 1722, 
Mr. Jenney says : 

"I had the honour of yours, dated August 30th, which brought 
me an account that the Venerable Society has accepted me as their 
missionary to settle at Rye, with a salary of 50 per annum, and 
which, with humble and hearty thanks, I readily accept, and my de 
siring a larger salary, in my last to the Venerable Society, was for no 
other reason, but because 60 per annum with the county encour 
agement, would but amount to what I have quitted in the fort for their 
service, and because this parish, with respect to the encouragement 
here, stands upon a much worse footing than any of the rest of this 
province, in relation to the salary, house, and glebe. Those on Long 
Island, having 10 per annum more, and all of them glebes much 
beyond what this Parish ; affords and this being the nearest parish to 
New England, and the only one on the post road, and consequently 
attended with greater expenses than any of the rest, I did not think 
it unreasonable to request an addition of 10 to the Society's salary; 
but in this and all other things, I humbly submit to the Society's 
pleasure. 

'You may remember, I sent you the vestry's call, what they gave 
me according to an act of Assembly, of this Province, and their humble 
address to the Venerable Society for their confirmation, dated June 4th, 
1722, and it was then that I entered upon the care of this parish and 
have since continued diligently, to serve it, excepting sometimes the 
Governor required me to officiate at the Fort, my successor there hav- 

C 35 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

ing not yet received his commission. I observe in the Society's col 
lection ye papers which I received from Mr. Huddleston, with two 
copies of the missionary sermon, by the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop 
of Bristol, that the Society expects from their missionaries an exact 
and particular account of the state of their respective parishes, in 
compliance with which I take the liberty to send enclosed a draft of 
the two lots of land, which make up the glebe, with a copy of the sur 
vey which the violent opposition of some dissenters have obliged me 
to obtain for the proprietors of this town, being the most part such 
as were desirous of having a dissenting teacher settled here, gave me 
great trouble at my first coming, and especially in relation to the house 
and glebe; and had not His Excellency been so kind as to grant his 
warrant to the Surveyor General to survey, it is believed they would 
have kept me by force, from taking possession, and here I cannot but 
mention the kindness of the Surveyor General, Cadwallader Colden, 
Esq. , and Mr. Wm. Forster, the society's schoolmaster at Westchester, 
whom he appointed his deputy for that purpose, who have refused 
the fees which by law are due for that service, and have remarkably 
exerted themselves in the service of our Church at Rye." [Helton's 
Church in Westchester County, p. 220.] 

While at Rye he was prompt in visiting every part of the widely 
spread mission. In a letter dated from Rye, July 1, 1723, he thus re 
views the year's work : 

"Last December 15th, I had the honour to answer yours of August 
30th, sent to me by the order of the Venerable Society, wherein I gave 
an account of the state of my parish, as exactly as I could, which I 
hope came to hand ; I have no more to add but that my congregation 
seems to increase, being generally above 300, as near as I can guess; 
my communicants are but few, but I am in hopes in a short time to 
have more. We have a new settlement amongst us in the woods, which 
began about the time of my predecessor's death, 1719; the inhabit 
ants are very loose in their principals of religion, inclining rather to the 
Quakers than any other sect. I have been amongst them with good suc 
cess, having baptized a whole family, parents and children ; I have 
heard that more of them intend to make a confession of their faith, 
in order to Baptism. Books are our greatest wants, for stupid igno 
rance in point of religion, is almost general among us, and as the Ven 
erable Society have usually extended their charity this way, so I hope 

C 363 



EVAN ROGERS 

they will at this time to us, by sending prayer books with the version 
of psalms by Tate and Brady, bound up with them, and instead of the 
usual tracts, I humbly conceive the Whole Duty of Man would be 
most useful." [Boltorfs Church in Westchester County, p. 225.] 

From the church records we learn the interesting fact that in the 
year 1724 a drum was purchased for the church. 

In 1726 Mr. Jenney was transferred to St. George's Church, Hemp- 
stead, the rectorship of which was then vacant, owing to the death of 
the Rev. John Thomas. His effective work in that parish is noted in 
the sketch of St. George's, Hempstead, on page 259 of Volume II. In 
1742 he was called by the vestry and appointed by the Rt.Rev.Dr. 
Edmund Gibson, Bishop of London, as the successor of the Reverend 
Commissary, Archibald Cummings, and to the rectorship of Christ 
Church, Philadelphia. As the commissary of the Bishop of London, 
he had an intimate acquaintance with the clergy of the provinces of 
Pennsylvania and Maryland. He was a man of learning, of judge 
ment, and of executive ability. His chief concern in Philadelphia, as 
in his other parishes, was the promotion of the welfare of the Church 
in the American colonies. Owing to bodily infirmities he was forced 
to retire from active service, and died in 1762. He was buried in the 
middle aisle of Christ Church, in front of the chancel. The Editor is in 
debted to the Rev. Dr. Washburn, rector of Christ Church, for the fol 
lowing copy of the inscription on the tombstone, so far as it is legible : 

. . . COL. S. S. TRINITAT. DUBLIN STUDUIT ALUMNUS. 

OBIIT DIE V MENSIS JANUAR. ANNO SALUT. 

MDCCLXII. JET LXXV. 

AGE LECTOR, 
PURAE RELIGIONIS, HONESTAE VERITATIS, BENEVOLENTISSIME, 

EXAMPLUM VELIS, 
HUNC CHRISTIANAE FIDEI VINDICEM PROBATATIS CULTOREM 

BENEVOLENTIA STUDIA, 

RESPICE, SEOJJERE, IMITARE. 

JUXTA HOC ETIAM MARMOR, SEPULTA JACET 

JOANNA ELIZABETHA PRAEDICTI ROBERTI JENNEY 

CONJUX 

OJJAE SEX TANTUMMODO DIES POST MARITI SEPULTURAM 
OBIIT ANNO JETATIS SUAE LXIV. 

c 37 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

James Wetmore. 

The ancestor of the Wetmore family in America was Thomas Whit- 
more, who was born in England in 1615, and embarked from Bristol, 
England, for Boston in 1635. He was among the settlers in New 
Town, now Cambridge, who removed to the Connecticut Valley. In 
1639-40 he took up land in Wethersfield. He removed to Hartford, 
where he married, December 11, 1645, Sarah, a daughter of John and 
Ann (Willock) Hall of Hartford. In 1646, with John Hall, his father- 
in-law, and William Smith, Samuel Stocking, and Robert Webster, 
he settled the plantation of Matabeseck, on the Connecticut River. 
It was erected into a town by the General Court, March 20, 1649-50. 
In 1653 the name was changed to Middletown. Mr. Whitmore's 
homestead plot occupied the square bounded by the present Green and 
Ferry Streets, the east side of Main Street, and the Connecticut River. 
He was a man of affairs and highly respected. He died at Middletown, 
December 11, 1681. The children of his first marriage were John, 
Elizabeth, Mary, Sarah, Thomas, Hannah, Samuel, Izrahiah, Beriah, 
Nathaniel, Joseph, Sarah the second, and Josiah. January 3, 1667, 
Mr. Whitmore married Mary, a daughter of Richard Platt of Milford 
and widow of Luke Atconson. They had one child, Mahitable. 

On October 8, 1673, Mr. Whitmore took for his third wife Katharine 
Leet, the widow of Mr. Robards. Their children were Benjamin, Abi 
gail, Hannah the second. His son Izrahiah was born at Middletown, 
March 8, 1656, and married Rachel, a daughter of the Rev. Samuel 
and Hope (Fletcher) Stow. Mr. Stow was the first minister of Middle- 
town and a large land-owner. Their children were Izrahiah Stow, born 
January 31, 1694, died young; James; Ichabod, born April 18, 1698, 
died January 7, 1715; Seth, Jeremiah, Caleb, and Josiah. 

Izrahiah Wetmore was a man of great ability. He served for many 
years as a representative in the General Court, and took an influential 
part in town affairs. He was the executor of his father-in-law's estate. 
The spelling of the name as Wetmore is first found in October, 1682, 
upon a deed for land given by his father-in-law and father to John, a 
son of Thomas Whitmore. From that time the descendants of Thomas 
have used that form. 

James, the second son of Izrahiah and Rachel (Stow) Wetmore, was 
born at Middletown, Connecticut, December 25, 1695. He was pre 
pared in the schools of the town for the Collegiate School at Saybrook, 

C 38 1 



EVAN ROGERS 

where he was a classmate of Samuel Johnson, and graduated in 1714. 
He studied theology, and in May, 1718, was invited to become pastor 
of the Congregational Society of North Haven. He was ordained over 
that congregation in November, 1718. He maintained a close inti 
macy with Samuel Johnson at West Haven and others of his class 
mates. He was one of the seven who studied Anglican theology in the 
collection of books sent over by Jeremiah Dummer for the library of 
Yale College, and declared for the Church of England in October, 1722, 
as detailed in the note on Dr. Johnson in Volume III, page 528. He 
soon followed Dr. Cutler, Mr. Johnson, and Mr. Brown to England, 
where he was received with the same gracious welcome. He reached 
London July 4, 1723, and from Mr. Johnson's Diary we learn these 
particulars : 

"July 4. This morning we were first surprised with the arrival 
of our friend Mr. Wetmore from New England. We went with him 
to Westminster; thence at Morning Service at Lincoln's Inn, and 
waited on Dr. Lupton ; thence at sundry places, and at Evening 
Service at S J Foster's with Mr. Berriman. 

5th. This day we went to Dr. Berriman's and Mr. Oliver's, then 
to Westminster ; waited on Mr. Sherlock, and dined with Dr. Lovel. 
Then came to Evening Service at S' Foster's, and Dr. Cutler and I 
stood witnesses for Mr. Wetmore at the font. We spent the evening 
at Mr. Turby's with Dr. Dawson, Mr. Oliver, Newhouse,etc." 

Mr. Wetmore was made deacon and ordained priest by the Rt. Rev. 
Dr. Edmund Gibson, Bishop of London. Mr. Johnson notes for July 25 : 

"25th. This day I was at service at the Royal Chapel, at S l James's, 
at Mr. Wetmore's ordination, and received the Sacrament of the Bp. 
of London; the rest of the day spent in taking leave of our friends." 

This entry probably refers to Mr. Wetmore's ordination to his diac- 
onate. He appears to have remained in England after the departure 
of Dr. Cutler and Mr. Johnson. 

The mission at Staten Island being vacant through the death of the 
Rev. ^Eneas Mackenzie in 1722, Mr. Wetmore was provisionally 
appointed to it. Upon his arrival in New York, late in the autumn of 
that year, he found that the Rev. William Harrison had been inducted 
into that cure by the governor, Sir William Burnett, and accordingly 
so informed the secretary of the Venerable Society in a letter written 
November 11, 1722. On December 18 the vestry of Trinity Church 

C 39 1 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

wrote to the secretary announcing the death of that noble Huguenot 
confessor, Elias Neau, who had conscientiously become a member of 
the Church of England, and spent his time and money for twenty 
years in teaching the poor negro children to read and instructing them 
in fundamental religious truths. He had secured from the Venerable 
Society a small stipend as negro catechist. In the letter the vestry style 
him "the pious Mr. Neau," and suggest that his successor should 
be "a Presbyter of theChurch of England," and be directed "to assist 
our minister who is not so able as formerly to perform all the duties 
of his calling which daily increase on his hands." They proceed to 
say: 

'We are in hopes the Society will judge it as absolutely necessary 
to appoint a catechist now for this city, as formerly, there being of 
late yeares such a vast Increase of Children, and Indians, and Negro 
servants, who cannot, without such assistance, be so well instructed 
in the principles of Christianity. And we Implore their favour to send 
one over in Orders, who in many respects will be more capable of dis 
charging that office, and answering the pious designs of the Society 
than a Layman, especially in assisting the Minister of the Parish in 
the performance of all Parochial dutys. This, on many accounts, will 
exceedingly advance the Honour and Interest of our Holy Church and 
Religion at this criticall juncture, when the Dissenters here have 
united their forces, and by Encouragement and liberal contributions 
from abroad, have been enabled to build two Meeting Houses, and 
to support Ministers to preach in them, according to their different 
opinions." [Berrian's Historical Sketch, p. 39.] 

In the following March David Humphrey, the secretary, wrote that 
"the Society have appointed the Reverend Mr. Wetmore to be Cate 
chist at New- York in the place of Mr. Elias Neau, and to be assistant 
to Mr. Vesey in his parochial dutys." Upon the same day, March 2, 
the secretary sent to Mr. Wetmore an acknowledgement of his letter, 
and thus announced his appointment : 

"The Society do therefore appoint you to be their Catechist at New- 
York, in the place of the late Mr. Neau, and do expect you would 
forthwith repair to the charge assigned you. The Society doe allow 
you for that service a salary of fifty pounds a year, to continue from 
your first admission here in London. And they have also appointed you 
to be the Assistant to the Reverend Mr. Vesey, Rector of Trinity 

C 40 ] 



EVAN ROGERS 

Church in New- York, in his parochial dutys, and have wrote to the 
Church Wardens and Vestry of that Church, to make you a further 
handsome allowance as Assistant, towards your more decent and com 
modious support, which the Society expect they will, according to 
their promise made to them by the letter, readily doe. ' ' [Ifeman'j His 
torical Sketch, p. 41.] 

In this position Mr. Wetmore passed four busy years. When Mr. 
Jenney went to Hempstead in 1726 the vestry of Rye called Mr. Wet- 
j more, who informed the board, June 7, 1726, that "he was ready to 
execute the function he was called unto when he should be inducted 
into the same." The governor issued his mandate, and the newly 
elected rector was duly inducted. There was, however, a complica 
tion. When the Society gave leave to Mr. Jenney to remove to Hemp- 
stead, it appointed the Rev. Thomas Colgan, born in England in 
1701, as minister of Rye. When Mr. Colgan reached New York in 
1726 he found Mr. Wetmore in possession of the parish. The pro 
posal was made to the vestry of Trinity Church, and accepted by them, 
that Mr. Colgan officiate in New York instead of Mr. Wetmore until 
the pleasure of the Society could be ascertained. In a petition to the 
secretary of the Propagation Society, dated New York, July 5, 1726, 
as recorded in Berrian's "Historical Sketch," page 43, the vestry 
of Trinity Church say : 

REVEREND SIR, 

WEE, the Rector, Church Wardens, and Vestry of Trinity Church, 
in the City of New- York, in America, being informed by the Rever 
end Mr. Wetmore of his call and Induction to Rye, and his Resolu 
tion, with the Society's leave, to settle in that parish, Doe most hum 
bly address that Venerable Body to appoint another Catechist, with 
the usual salary, to officiate in that place, there being about one thou 
sand and four hundred Indian and Negro Slaves, and the number daily 
increasing by Births, and Importations from Guinea and other parts. 
A considerable number of those Negroes, by the Society's charity, 
have been already instructed in the principles of Christianity, have 
received Holy Baptism, are communicants of our Church, and fre 
quently approach the Altar. We doubt not but the Society has re 
ceived from Mr. Neau, their former Catechist, repeated accounts of 
the great success of his Mission ; and since Mr. Wetmore' s appoint- 

c 41 : 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

ment, we have with great pleasure observed on Sunday upwards of 
an hundred English Children and negro servants attending him in 
the Church ; and their catechetical instructions being ended, singing 
Psalms and praising GOD with great devotion. The Honorable Society 
at all times, and more especially of late, has most Zealously patron 
ized the cause of those poor Infidells, who otherwise might still have 
remained ignorant of the true GOD, and the only way to happiness ; 
and their great charity dispenced among them here having already 
produced such blessed effects, must raise in them an extraordinary 
Joy at present, will be a vast accession to their future happiness, and 
encrease their reward of Glory in another world. We could say much 
more on this occasion, but this we hope will be sufficient to guard them 
against any attempts to persuade them to turn their Bounty another 
way, and Induce them to believe that the Office of a Catechist here is 
of as great an importance as ever, and that his Salary is as well and 
charitably bestowed as any Missionary's in all those parts. If the So 
ciety, on these considerations, should be pleased to appoint a Cate 
chist, we humbly pray that he may be one in orders, and directed to 
assist in our Church ; who in many respects will be more capable than 
a Layman to discharge that office, and answer their pious designs, 
by inculcating on the Catechumens the principles of Religion, both in 
public and private, with greater authority ; visiting them in their sick 
ness ; and as occasion requires, can Baptize them, and administer the 
Holy Communion to them in their dying hours. Besides, this will be 
an act of Charity to us, who being deeply involved in debt, enlarging 
our Church, and at present having but small hopes of discharging 
it, are unable of ourselves to raise a sufficient maintenance for one to 
assist our Rector in his declining age, and to preach an afternoon ser 
mon; tho h it is of absolute necessity and great importance in this 
populous City, a place of considerable trade and resort, and the centre 
of America. 

Mr. Colgan seems to have taken up his residence in Rye, although 
Mr. Wetmore officiated there, for in October, 1726, the vestry of 
Trinity Church requested Mr. Vesey that "when the Reverend Mr. 
Colgan comes to town from his Parish of Rye he may have the liberty 
of reading prayers and preaching in the afternoon," which he read 
ily granted. In October a formal request by the vestry was sent to 

42 



EVAN ROGERS 

the Society for the appointment of Mr. Colgan as catechist. Finally 
Mr. Wetmore was approved for Rye, and Mr. Colgan made catechist 
of New York. In a letter written May 11, 1727, Mr. Wetmore, after 
returning his thanks for the appointment, says : ' ' Inasmuch as the 
people of Rye appear to me to be much gratified by this exchange, 
I shall endeavour to make the best use I can of the good affection they 
profess to me, to promote the interest of piety and religion among 
them, which seems to be sunk to a very low ebb. "During that win 
ter he alternated with Mr. Colgan in supplying the vacancy at West- 
chester made by the death of the Rev. John Bartow, and officiated in 
every part of the parish, which then included Bedford and White 
Plains, and in 1728 went to a new settlement in the woods called 
" Northcastle. " The progress made from year to year showed careful 
and constant teaching of the principles of the Church, and he was 
assiduous to see that the schoolmasters of the Society, within the 
parish limits, did their full duty. The growth of Quakerism in his 
parish was a source of anxiety to Mr. Wetmore. Some he brought 
into the Church, but most of the Quakers remained hostile. He pub 
lished some tracts on the subject of Quakerism, and they had a wide 
circulation and were helpful in making many understand the true 
position of the Church. 

Without any startling events the parish increased in strength under 
Mr. Wetmore's wise administration. He was a warm-hearted and 
genial man, and made himself useful and well liked in the commu 
nity. He went periodically to his birthplace, Middletown, where he offi 
ciated, and also held services in Stamford and Greenwich until the 
ordination of Mr. Dibblee in 1748. Mr. Wetmore died May 15, 1760, 
and was buried in the old parish burying-ground on the northwest 
side of Blind Brook. Upon his monument is this inscription, as given 
in Bolton's "Church in Westchester County," page 286: 

SACRED 

TO THE MEMORY OF 
THE REV. MR. JAMES WETMORE 

THE LATE, 
WORTHY, LEARNED AND FAITHFUL MINISTER OF THE 

PARISH OF RYE, FOR ABOVE 30 YEARS, 
WHO HAVING STRENUOUSLY DEFENDED THE CHURCH WITH HIS PEN 

43 1 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

AND ADORNED IT BY HIS LIFE AND DOCTRINE, 

AT LENGTH BEING SEIZED OF THE SMALL POX, 

DEPARTED THIS LIFE, MAY 15, 1760. 

JETATIS, 65. 

CUJUS MEMORIAE SIT IN 

BENEDICTIONE SEMPITERNA. 

A contemporary notice in the "New York Mercury "for May 29, 
1760, says of him: 

4 This worthy clergyman was blessed with an extensive understand 
ing, which he improved by a due application to the most important 
studies. He was well versed in various parts of useful learning, and 
had a thorough knowledge of our happy constitution, both in Church 
and State, of which he was a staunch friend and an able advocate. 
In the important discharge of his ministerial office he was zealous, 
constant, and unwearied ; and though he observed with grief, the great 
decay of true Christianity and genuine piety, (which he often heartily 
lamented to his friends,) yet he persevered warmly in the defence of 
the former, and in recommending the latter, both by precept and ex 
ample. His church has lost a faithful pastor, his wife and family, an 
affectionate husband and a tender parent, and the publick, a worthy 
and useful member. But, 'Blessed are the dead which die in the 
Lord.'" 

Mr. Wetmore's wife was named Anna. Her family name has not 
been ascertained. She died at Rye, February 28, 1771. Their children 
were: 

JAMES, born at Rye, December 19, 1727. He married Elizabeth 
Abraham. 

TIMOTHY. He married Jane Haviland of Rye, and for his second wife 
the widow of Benjamin Ogden of New York. 

ALETHEA. She married in 1747 the Rev. Joseph Lamson. 

ANNE. She married Gilbert Brundige of Westchester County. 

CHARITY. She married Josiah Purdy of Rye. 

ESTHER. She married, first, David Brown, and second, Jesse Hunt. 

Mr. Wetmore published : 

A letter to a Parishioner. New York, John Peter Zenger, 1730 
Quakerism, a Judicial Infatuation. New York, John Peter Zenger, 
1731 

C 44 ] 



EVAN ROGERS 

A letter from a Minister of the Church of England to his Dissenting 

Parishioners. New York, John Peter Zenger 
Eleutherius Enervatus, or an answer to a Pamphlet intituled The 
Divine Right of Presbyterian Ordination &c. . . . argued. New 
York, 1733 

A Letter occasioned by Mr. Dickinson's Remarks upon Dr. Water- 
land's Discourse of Regeneration, 1744 

A Vindication of the Professors of the Church of England in Con 
necticut against the Invectives contained in a sermon by Mr. Noah 
Hobart. Boston, 1747 

In 1748 he prepared an edition of "The Englishman Directed in the 
Choice of his Religion," which was widely circulated. 

On May 24, 1749, he wrote a letter to St. George Talbot, asking 
him to explain certain rumours affecting his character. This letter and 
Mr. Talbot's reply, both of which were published, will be found in the 
following annotation. 

St. George Talbot. 

St. George, a son of Thomas Talbot, was born at Dover, England, 
July 25, 1662. He graduated from an English university, and came 
to America when about forty years old. He appears to have had an in 
come from England and engaged successfully in business on this side. 
He was an earnest Churchman and sincere friend of all the mission 
aries in New York and Connecticut. He was a. vestry man of Trinity 
Church, New York, from 1720 to 1724. He made many gifts for the 
benefit of the various parishes, often, however, reserving the income 
for his life use. He was original in his methods, and had eccentrici 
ties of character which exposed him to misunderstanding and ridi 
cule. His friend, the Rev. Mr. Wetmore, drew from him the follow 
ing exposition of his business methods and private life, as given in the 
"New York Gazette" for June 19, 1749 : 

Mr. Parker. 

As I Iwve for many years past, had the misfortune to be traduced in my 
Character, and exposed to the Disesteem of many Gentlemen, -whose good 
opinion I should value and esteem; and as the Misrepresentations -which 
have been made of me, have pivved very prejudicial to my Interest and 
exposed me to the Loss of more than a Thousand Pounds in my Estate, 

I 45 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

and may still expose me to ill Treatment, unpitied; I have thought 
proper to publish the following Letters; and if you '// give them a place 
in your Paper, it will oblige, Sir, 

your humble Servant, 

S T GEORGE TALBOT. 

Rye, May 24'* 1749. 

SIR, 

EVER since my first Acquaintance with you, which was more than 
20 Years past, I have observed such a steady Regard and Reverence 
to Religion, joined with expressions of your Detestation of Vice and 
Wickedness, and a Behaviour especially free from the most fashion 
able Vices; such as Drunkeness and prophane swearing; that I have 
had an Esteem for you, as a Man of Religion and Virtue : And it 
must be very shocking to think, a Man of your Understanding can 
make so high Professions of Religion, and yet live in habitual vice 
and wickedness of the Kind for which I perceive you are censured 
by some ; I hope unjustly. The affair of your having a House-keeper 
without Matrimony, as it gives occasion to Surmises might be rendered 
more reputable by marrying, if you have no prudential Arguments 
to determine you otherwise. And as to such matters of Fraud and 
circumvention, which some have aspersed your Character with, I 
don't allow myself to entertain any suspicion of you, 'till I know that 
some Instances of that kind are well proved ; having observed nothing 
but what is just, friendly and benevolent, yea, and charitable in your 
Behaviour, for the many years I have had a particular Acquaintance 
with you. But your Controversy with M rs Blake, and Conduct relating 
to that Estate, has been mentioned in my Hearing by some Gentlemen 
of good Characters as an Affair esteemed fraudulent and unjust on your 
Part which perhaps may incourage some others to treat you injuriously, 
in Hopes of Protection under Shelter of an ill Opinion propagated in 
relation to M re Blake^s Dispute with you ; which, if you would take my 
friendly Advice, I would persuade you to bring to an honest Arbitra 
tion, that the whole Dispute may at once be laid for Decision, by the 
Judgment of some Gentlemen of Capacity and Integrity ; not doubt 
ing but that you are willing to do what is just and equitable; and thus 
your Character may be restored, if it appears that you have already 
acted with Justice. 

C 46J 



EVAN ROGERS 

I hope you will accept this in good Part, from, Sir, 

Your assured Friend, &c 

J. WETMORE. 
To M r S' G. Talbot. 

REVD SIR, 

As I have an Esteem both for your Character and Friendship, I am 
desirous to give you all the Satisfaction I can in Relation to the mat 
ters you have intimated in your Letter of May the 24 th , to be repre 
sented by some as inconsistent with real Piety and Justice, for which 
you have observed me in the long Course of our Acquaintance, to 
make high Professions, and by my Behaviour have sought to appear, 
and to be esteemed strictly religious, as well as a Friend to Virtue 
and Goodness : As to the Inconsistencies objected, I do solemnly as 
sure you, they have all proceeded from uncharitable groundless Sur 
mises and false Reports of ungrateful People, to whom I had extended 
Kindness and Charity, from no other Motives but their Indigence and 
my own Disposition to oblige and assist such ; esteeming them reli 
gious Poor, or, at least such as might be proper Objects of Religious 
Charity. 

My Friendship to the Huddleston's Family, which you are not a 
Stranger to, was ill requited, by the Reports which took their Rise 
from thence, without any Foundation at all, whereby an ill Opinion 
of me was propagated in Town, which raised the Resentment of sev 
eral Gentlemen, the impressions of which are not worn out to this 
Day ; by which I suffered many Ways, and which is, in a great Mea 
sure, the Foundation of the other evil Surmises ; yet I am not the Man 
of Religion in Reality, as I appear, but a wicked Hypocrite and live in 
secret Abominations inconsistent with all true Piety ; I can only sol 
emnly protest to you, and protest to the world, that the Reports of my 
Boasting of criminal Familiarity with any Man's Wife in New York, 
were utterly false and that I was never guilty of any such Actions ; 
nor did I ever boast (as some have done) of Vileness never acted. 

As a Resolution to live a single Life, may be taken without any 
Impiety, my Reasons for such a Resolution when young, I have not 
devulged ; and tho' I have had many strong Inducements to recede 
from it, I thank God I have not been overcome to act contrary to such a 
Purpose, or inconsistent with the Purity of such a state of Caelibacy, as 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

undertaken by one resolved to be a Christian in Practice, as well as Pro 
fession : The Restrictions I have laid myself under, being merely vol 
untary and known only to GOD and myself, my Christian Neighbours 
and Brethren ought to put a charitable Construction upon my Con 
duct, as they observe on all Occasions, I profess to fear God, and ex 
pecting a Judgment to come, endeavour as far as my Behaviour can 
be Judged, by others, to approve myself unto that GOD who will be my 
Judge and from whom nothing can be hid ; as many undoubtedly In 
nocent and Virtuous have suffered by Misrepresentations or false As 
persions. The utter Impossibility of my saying or acting Things dia 
metrically opposite to what my constant Practice says and declares, 
and would persuade the World to believe of me, (that I fear God, and 
regard Religion, in Expectations of a future Account) should induce 
my Charitable Friends to believe that I have been injured by such 
Stories, from whence I have suffered much in Person, Name and Es 
tate ; which I hope God will Enable me to bear with the Resignation 
of a Christian. A Disposition to surmise Evil which my Enemies 
have encouraged, has found Censurers for every Way of living, I 
have taken or could take; but no Foundation has ever appeared, but 
mere groundless Surmises of uncharitable Men. 

As to my having a good, religious, careful Woman, to take care of 
me in my Elder Years and take Care of my Family affairs, engaged by 
other, and not the matrimonial Covenant, it cannot, I think, in Rea 
son be faulted, or at least be charged as an Inconsistency with the 
Sincerity of my religious Profession. For 1st, Premising that the matri 
monial State is inconsistent with a Resolution of mine, that can't be 
condemned, nor ought to be acted against, and that the Necessity or 
Convenience of my Affairs, other ways require such a Provision. Then 

2nd. The Covenant, Bargain, or Agreement, of what Nature soever, 
between me and my House-keeper, can't be pretended, or so much 
as surmized to be the least injurious to any Man: She has never com 
plained of the Bargain by which she is provided with a comfortable 
Maintenance, and good Recompence for her Labour ; and being in- 
tirely at her own Disposal, no other Person is injured or defrauded, 
And 

3d, That by a chast Conversation, tve keep a Conscience void of offence 
towards God as nothing is apparent contrary hereto, so I can give no 
other Satisfaction than my own Assertion, and by other ways evince, 

C 48 D 



EVAN ROGERS 

in the course of a religious sober Life, that I fear God, and have a 
sense of the Judgment to come. 

As to the Dispute between me and Mrs Blake, you have seen the 
whole state of that Affair very Particularly drawn up by me, which 
I assure you was strictly true, and to which I am willing to add my 
solemn Oath, that to my Knowledge, I have misrepresented no Arti 
cle; and by that Account you was fully convinced, and if duly known 
and considered every impartial Man must be convinced, that I have 
acted towards Mrs Blake and sons not only justly and equitably, but 
charitably, and with much more Friendship than they could have ex 
pected from any one not related so much as in a distant Affinity : That 
themselves had a Sense of this, sundry of their Letters to me make 
appear, which were wrote while in their Troubles, and expecting Fa 
vours from me ; which since have been re-payed with base Ingratitude, 
and have been the Occasion of putting me to more than 200 Charges ; 
for which I have No Recompence. Mrs. Blake sought my Assistance 
in the Beginning of her Troubles 1734, when she was assisted by 
Mr. Winckler: she applied to Mr. Lynch and me to be her Bail, 
and made a Mortgage of sundry Household goods to indemnify me 
for such Monies as I should disburse for her, redeemable at a fixed 
Time ; which she never redeemed, but desired me to dispose of, that 
I might supply her with Money as she wanted ; which I have done, 
much beyond the Value of all that I have sold or used, and sundry 
Things have returned to her. She was put in Prison at Boston (not 
by any Suit of mine, as many of my Neighbours have been made to 
believe) but by the suit of James Alexander Esq., and Dr. Fisher; and 
in that Trouble, if she had been my Mother, I could not have done 
more for her. I supplied her out of the Effects in my Hands 'till the 
whole was expended ; and she took the Benefit of their Law to swear 
herself not worth Ten Pounds in Possession, Reversion or Remain 
der; and that she had not directly or indirectly, sold, leased, or other 
wise conveyed, disposed of, or intrusted, all, or any Part of her, or her 
Husband's Estate, thereby to secure the same; to receive or expect 
any Profit or Advantage thereof, or deceive any Creditor or Creditors 
whatsoever : Which oath would have been false if Ten Pounds then 
remained in my Hands which she expected afterwards to demand of 
me: My Servants attended her. I rode many hundreds of Miles to 
transact affairs for her Release. I kept a Lawyer in Fee to act for her; 

49 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

and when discharged, supplied her with necessaries; which Acts of 
Friendship her Letters and her Sons acknowledged with Thankful 
ness. But now she seeks to requite me with Injury, and make Ad 
vantage of every Omission of Mine to take Receipts, and procure 
Orders of Payment of every Sum to obtain a further Reimbursement, 
after she had received many Pounds more than the whole Value from 
me, besides so much Trouble and Pain as I have undertaken, with 
out any Prospect of Recompence. 

Your advice of leaving the whole of these Disputes to an honest Refer 
ence, I have been, and am still willing to submit to; not being unwill 
ing to give an equitable and just account of every Farthing she has 
intrusted in my Hands ; for as to her best effects she disposed of them 
other ways : Her Plate to Mr. Robert Watts, and her four Negroes, to 
other Creditors ; and what was left, not bearing any Proportion to her 
Debts (which by a List given in by her Son, amounted to 1254) 
She was advised by her Friends, to live on in New York and Boston, 
'till all was spent, and then she might take the Benefit of the Law 
there ; as she did by swearing she was not worth Ten Pounds Boston 
Money. 

I have had another Instance of late of the base ingratitude of wicked 
Men : Charles Johnston, the Schoolmaster, whom you know I endeav 
oured to serve by friendly Offices, has, in Return, treated me in a 
manner most sordid and inhumane, which you have doubtless heard 
of, as the Rumour of such a Treatment has spread far ; But the Occa 
sion is not so well known ; and perhaps some may be induced to think, 
I had acted towards that Man, in some manner unjust or unfriendly, 
to excite such a Temper of Resentment against me ; But I'll assure 
you, the contrary whereto is Fact. I observed his great Want of a Ser 
vant in his House, and of my own Accord offered to lend him money 
to buy one, and at his request let him have 60, which was Five 
Pounds more than the Wench and Child cost ; and after two Months 
waiting, he gave me only a Mortgage of the Negroes, for my Secur 
ity. I afterwards at his Request let him have 40 to deliver him, from 
an arrest, for which he pretended to give me a Mortgage of some Land 
or Right to arise upon Partition ; which he drew himself, in such a 
Manner as to be worth nothing : But however express'd that I was 
to be paid at the Sale of that Land. Accordingly after such Sale he 
told me he had Money to pay me. I laid down his Mortgage on the 

C 50] 



EVAN ROGERS 

Table and also the other Obligation for 60 of which the Wench 
was the security. He told me he had not sufficient to pay both. I said 
to him, Then you must pay the Land Mortgage 40, and your Rent, 
the Remainder might be endorsed upon the other Obligation, because 
the 40 was to be paid out of the sale of the Land ; and his Instru 
ment drawn by himself was afterwards no Security. No : He said he 
would pay the Mortgage for the Wench, and immediately took off 
the Seal, and put it into his Pocket without my Consent, and before 
I had received any Satisfaction for it. This I resented as a Piece of 
Knavery and some high words grew upon it. The other Money is 
still left unpaid, and the Security good for nothing : And the Displea 
sure I took at such unjust Usage is the only Occasion of that which 
has been much more base and ungrateful, towards one that had been 
a Friend indeed because a Friend in need; and had taken much Pains 
to do him good from my own Principle of Benevolence, because at my 
first acquaintance, I thought him a Person of some good Qualifications 
that might be worth raising from Obscurity : I am sorry I was so mis 
taken ! He has made a most extravagant Account against me for Tea, 
Dinners and Suppers ; the Just Value of which I had paid him from 
time to time, in Butter, Veal, Pork, Turkies, &c., which shall be will 
ing indifferent Persons should settle between us justly and equitably ; 
that I may pay him the true Value of his Tea, and Suppers, to the last 
Farthing. But how much impertinent talk and malicious Misrepre 
sentations, this Affair may be the Occasion of before it is ended, no Man 
knows. I desire to hurt no Man ; but think it a Duty to defend my 
Estate and Character, by Ways just and honourable, which has occa 
sioned this long Letter to you, and if you will consent thereto; shall 
publish it to the World, with yours, which gave Occasion hereto. 

I am, Rev. Sir, 

Your very humble Servant 

S T G. TALBOT. 

The following letters written when Mr. St. George Talbot was more 
than one hundred years old show his vigour of mind and body, and 
his anxiety for the best disposition of his estate. They are taken from 
page 10 of Hooper's "Illustrative Documents in the Church in Con 
necticut. ' ' 

C 51 1 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

New York Septemb r 10-1762 

REV D SIR 

I RECEIVED your favor of the 24 th of Feb y last in July. I congratulate 
your appointment to so Honorable a Post as Secretary to the Incorpo 
rated Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign parts ; & 
employed upon the most pious & benevolent design, and Blessed be 
the Almighty who is the giver of every good & perfect who hath en 
abled me to be instrumental in furthering their pious designs. I have 
taken no small pains since they have done me the Honor to make me a 
member of their Honorable Board to acquaint myself with the Reli 
gious state of the people both in this Province & sundry Towns in 
the Western part of Connecticut Governm 1 as well as this, deserving 
my notice and charity. I have this summer given to Saint John Church 
at Stamford 100 more to be immediately laid out in finishing the 
Church, and silver plate for the Communion Service, I have also given 
100 to the Church of Norwalk to purchase Land in the Society's 
name to add to that Glebe, the Deed to be recorded and sent over to 
the Venerable Society. 

I have also given 200 to Trinity Church at Fairfield for the same use 
I have also given 100 to Derby for the same use, all in the Society's 
name. A more particular account I judge you may receive from the 
several missionaries that doth receive them in October last I desired 
the Rev d M r Dibblee of Stamford who is indefatigable in his en 
deavours to serve the Interest of true Religion and our Holy Church, 
whose services I find universally acceptable, and his life agreeable to 
his Public Character, to meet me at St. George's Church at North 
Castle, the second Sunday in Ocf last, and was surprised both at the 
number and devout behaviour of the People, for the church, could not 
contain them, the particular service he performed beyond doubt he will 
transmit to you, if he hath not done it. He accompanied me from 
thence to Bedford, Coompond, Peach Kills, Croton, & returned by the 
White Plains. The state of Religion I truly found deplorable enough, 
for excepting Bedford, they were as sheep without a shepherd a prey 
to various sectaries & enthusiastic lay teachers, there are many well 
wishers and professors of the Church among them which doth not 
hear the Liturgy in several years. The worthy Mr Wetmore hath 
made the same Tour with me. Nay larger even to Fish Kills (there I 
offered them 1,000 to purchase a Glebe and a House & he agreed 

C 52 H 



EVAN ROGERS 

for the same if they would have done their part, & subscribe 40 per 
annum to administer support, since they have had the concurrence 
of Society in their favour, but zeal is too cold there) I think it would 
be happy if an Itinerant Missionary could be fixed at North Castle, 
for when even the vacancy at Rye shall be supplied as the Rev d Mr. 
Punderson when I was at Darby in June last, said that if he had a 
call to Rye he would gladly accept it (with the liberty of the venera 
ble society) As I now know that he is called & hath accepted it. The 
Rev d Mr. Lamson preached the Convention Sermon to the great sat 
isfaction not only of the Brethren but myself, and I think they are 
all a sett of worthy Pious Sober Clergymen, and are usefully employed 
in their several missions. I have proposed to Mr Dibblee to make an 
other Tour to the former places and to visit some others who hath 
requested the favour of me, for the which the Rev d Messrs Lamson 
& Learning hath also consented to make a tour with me. for I can 
not be easy to see such numbers of People live without God in the 
world, for where there is no regard to Sunday, to the Public Worship 
of Almighty God, there is scarce any sense of Religion among a People 
& their moral state is soon as deplorable as their Religious, after which 
a more particular account of these places, their number, their partic 
ular professions, distances each place from the other and from any 
Clergymen in Holy Orders of our Church, I shall lay before the Vener 
able Board together with my humble Opinion what ought in Charity, 
to be done for the support of their spiritual wants. My mite yearly 
whilst Life by the Blessing of the Almighty, shall be always moving. 

Barn Island July I, 1763. 

REV D SIR, 

AGREEABLE to my last intimation and from a zeal to promote the in 
terest of pure and undefiled Religion, I have again taken another 
journey into Connecticut Colony, and attended Convention at Ripton, 
about 73 miles distance. The Rev d Dr Johnson being requested to 
preach delivered an excellent pathetical spirited sermon, adapted to 
the occasion and acceptable to the Clergy, (and all who had the plea 
sure to hear him) pressing them to the utmost Fidelity and Diligence 
in doing the Duties of their respective Cures. Twelve missionaries 
were present, who appear to be an ornament to their ecclesiastical 
profession and very usefully employed, having had the opportunity 

c 53 : 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

to acquaint myself with the state of most of their respective Missions. 
4 or 5 promising young Gentlemen candidates for Holy Orders were 
present, M r Kneeland, Reader of Divine Service and Sermons among 
the destitute people at Huntington on Long Island in the Province 
of New York, Mr. Hubbard of Guilford, and Mr. Jervis of Middle- 
town in Connecticut. I have judged Guilford worthy and a proper 
object of my Charitable notice and have engaged to bestow 200 New 
York currency on that Church for their further encouragement, 
conditionally that the Venerable Board is pleased to appoint them a 
Missionary & which favour they flatter themselves with hopes and 
expectations of the said money to be paid when they have a settled 
Mission to purchase Glebe Lands and made over to the Society for 
the use of their Missionary for the time being &c. 

I have found at Stamford already the good fruit and effect of my 
Charitable Encouragement of the Church there, in seeing their Church 
decently finished and their number increasing, which excites envy 
and jealousy of their dissenting neighbors who are in general alarmed 
at the increasing, & flourishing state of our Holy Church wherever 
it is propagated. A late malcontent at Stamford hath endeavoured to 
disturb the Peace and unity of that Church and very ill used their 
worthy Minister who hath sacrificed his family interests to serve them, 
but he hath lost his influence & in revenge forsaken the Church, but 
the Wardens and Vestry assure me that neither his Minister nor 
Brethren have given any Ground of Offence. I have ordered the Church 
of Stamford, to lay out 300 in Glebe Land that lieth very convenient 
in the Town with a good house thereon, which is now offered on sale, 
for M r Dibblee's successors to be made over to the Society as formerly 
mentioned, for the use of their Missionary for the time being after the 
decease of myself and housekeeper, the present rent to be employed 
in paying me my Interest as reserved when first bestowed. On my 
return from Connecticut, I desired Mr Dibblee to accompany me to 
Salem where he preached the first Sunday in Trinity to a large con 
gregation, notwithstanding it was a very rainy day, too many to be 
well accommodated in a private House, and gave the Communion to 
about 30 persons who behaved very devoutly, there they have built & 
have almost covered a Church, this is in the Province of New York, 
which People M r Dibblee hath taken the principal care of for several 
years. This Church at Salem is about 4 miles from Ridgbury, to the 

C 54 H 



EVAN ROGERS 

West, and 17 miles from Ridgfield where they have raised a Church 
about 45 feet by 30, and are now covering it. Ridgfield is about 25 
miles from Norwalk and in Mr Learning's Mission, there they have 
a church already Built and in a good way of finishing. Ridgbury 
is newly made a Parish out of Danbury and Ridgfield, and if they 
may be made so happy as to be made a mission (they lay very con 
tiguous to be united together and as Ridgbury is most convenient 
for their minister to reside at and to serve those Churches I have 
for their encouragement engaged to give them 150 New York cur 
rency (for the benefit of a Minister) to purchase a Glebe to serve 
those Churches. I think a Missionary is much wanted among them, 
they have by advice engaged a modest worthy young man to read 
services, viz Mr Clark, whom they and I wish that it might be the 
attention of the Government to make provision for the regular estab 
lishment of the Doctrine Disciplin and Worship of our Holy Church 
in the Colonies for rectifying their religious mistakes, and securing 
their Fidelity, which I think is previously necessary to the propagat 
ing of the Gospel amongst the Heathen, and to render that success- 
full. M r Beach tells me, that as thro age and Bodily infirmities, he is 
obliged to remove his family to Newtown, where the greatest Burden 
of Duty lie, as soon as the inconveniences which he is thereby put 
to is removed, he shall be willing to resign half his salary from the 
Society to provide for Reading, Danbury &c. 

And as the Church increases in other missions I hope there may be 
an Increase of Missionaries without any increase of charge to the Board, 
and am frankly of the opinion that with the advantage of my Bene 
factions, the Church of Rye may be able with the salary the Govern 
ment hath settled to maintain their Minister if the present Salary from 
the Society of 50 be withdrawn which was partly agreed to by the 
late worthy M r Wetmore whom the Parishioners treated according to 
his merit, (the people are wealthy, & have taken very irregular steps 
since the death of that worthy missionary.) 

At North Castle about 18 miles from Rye there is great want of a 
Missionary, the Church is within 5 miles of Bedford & about 7 or 8 
miles off Crompond there is a great many families of our holy Church 
which hath applied to me, & if New Rochel was joined to East and 
West Chester, I am humbly of opinion that Church might well be sup 
plied, as it is not 4 miles from Church to Church. The French protes- 

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tants understand English very well. And it is also my humble opinion 
that Col. Frederick Philip's Estate is able to build several Churches 
and to settle 200 acres of Land to every one of them, & that he and 
his Tenants are able to maintain ministers without any assistance from 
the Venerable Board, &c. 

And it is thought by D r Johnson & myself and many others that the 
two Catechists one in New York, the other in Philadelphia to the Ne 
groes might well be supported on some other footing in those two oppu- 
lent cities, both are able to support them and free schools, but whilst 
they can have it gratis they chuse it. As the Venerable Board hath 
refused to establish a mission at Flushing (I informed Mr. Tread well 
before he went over for Orders) I have withheld my designed bene 
faction to that place until the pleasure of the Society be further known, 
as that mission is well supported as long as they continue united with 
Jamaica it being only 4 miles from Church to Church. I only add that 
Mr Beach hath told me that his parishioners are wealthy and can main 
tain a minister without the Society's bounty should it be withheld. 
(Norwalkis a rich Town and very large.) I am under anembarrasnV to 
know how I shall secure to my heirs the Venerable Society my lands 
at my decease, since if then sold they cannot receive the money arising 
from the sale, I do not understand whether the clause in the abstract 
extendeth to America, I shall be glad to be informed to that &c. I 
am willing to secure it whilst I am living if I cannot at my death. 
The place where I dwell is a very valuable & pleasant situation, few 
or none exceeds it. it being seven miles from the City by Land or by 
Water, I have been offered 3000 for it, prompt pay 1 , and to enjoy it 
as long as I should live, only the purchaser would reserve a room in the 
House in Summer &c. Whilst it shall please the Almighty to prolong 
my days, I shall make it my study and endeavour to promote his Glory 
and the well being of his Church in concurrence with the pious design 
of the Venerable board to whom I present my most dutiful regards and 
with an humble compliment to yourself, I subscribe rev d Sir 

Your very humble Servant 

ST GEO TALBOT. 

Mr. Talbot died at his home on Little Barn Island, New York harbor, 
in May, 1767. By his will he made the Venerable Propagation Society 
his residuary legatee. He gave to each child of his brother Thomas the 

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EVAN ROGERS 

sum of five pounds, New York currency, should it be demanded, and 
the same sum to the children of his sisters Catharine, Mrs. Garrison, 
and Arabella Harrison. A contest was instituted by his nephew, William 
Harrison, which was, however, withdrawn. The estate was found to 
be incapable of realizing the bequests, and many were entirely unpaid. 

Ebenezer Punderson. 

Ebenezer, a son of Thomas and Lydia (Bradley) Punderson, was born 
at New Haven in 1704. His grandfather, Deacon John Punderson, was 
an original settler of the town in 1637, and one of the "seven pillars 
of the first Church of Christ," now known as the Centre Church. He 
was well prepared for college, and graduated from Yale College in 
1726. He studied theology, and was called as pastor of the Congrega 
tional Society at North Groton, August 28, 1729, and ordained De 
cember 29, 1729. The sermon was preached by the Rev. Eliphalet 
Adams of New London. Mr. Punderson soon formed a friendship with 
his predecessor, the Rev. Samuel Seabury, then rector of St. James's 
Church, New London. Whether conversations with him andthecourse 
of reading he suggested wrought a change in his views on holy orders, 
or he independently thought out the matter, cannot now be known, but 
after five years of very acceptable service he announced his change 
of views on January 1, 1733-34. The people of his charge heard him 
with sorrow and amazement. A committee was appointed to reason 
with him, but their arguments brought no certainty to Mr. Punderson 
that his ordination was valid. He sailed for England in the spring 
of 1734 with the following commendation from Charles Seabury, 
dated from New London, March 30, 1734. It was accompanied by a 
subscription list signed by many of his former parishioners, promising 
to support a mission of the Church of England in North Groton : 

1 ' These wait upon the honourable Society by the hands of Mr. Eben 
ezer Punderson, who comes to make his application to my Lord Bishop 
of London and the Society for Propagation of the Gospel in foreign 
parts, for orders and a mission. He hath been educated in Yale College, 
Connecticut, where I had a particular acquaintance with him, and 
where he always had the character of a sober person. About five years 
ago he was called to preach in the Presbyterian or Independent way, 
at Groton, near New-London, where he soon received ordination ; but 
falling under doubts and scruples concerning their power of ordina- 

L 57 : 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

tion and method of Church government, and, at the same time, 
acquainting himself with the Church of England, he found himself 
obliged, upon true and regular conviction, to embrace her communion, 
and thereupon he laid down his ministry in which he was setded to 
good advantage ; but a considerable number of the people of that place 
being also convinced of the reasonableness and necessity of Church 
Communion, and having strong affection for the person of Mr. Punder- 
son, on account of his abilities and pious, exemplary life, have been 
very solicitous with him to make his application to the honourable So 
ciety for Propagation of the Gospel in foreign parts for a mission to 
that place. In testimony of which, they have signed a desire or petition 
to the honourable Society, with the promise of contributing a certain 
sum considerably to his support and maintenance, and it is most prob 
able that many more will conform to the Church of England upon 
better knowledge of it and acquaintance with it. " [ Connecticut Church 
Documents, vol. i, p. 158.] 

Mr. Punderson was made deacon and ordained priest by the Bishop 
of London in the summer of 1734, and returned soon after. He suc 
cessfully organized St. James's Church in what is now Poquetannuck, 
and extended his labours throughout the northern portion of New Lon 
don County. Mr. Seabury, in a letter to the secretary of the Society, 
August 27, 1735, shows the extent of the work done in that region. 

"I have always, from the beginning of my mission, preached at 
Norwich, a town about fourteen miles from New-London, three times 
a year, until it was put under the care of the Rev. Mr. Punderson; 
and sundry times have preached lectures at North Groton ; and during 
the absence of the Rev. Mr. Punderson, in his voyage to England for 
orders and a mission, I preached there once a month on Sundays, by 
consent of the Church at New-London, and in this instant, August, 
I preached at Windham, a place about twenty-six miles from New- 
London, to a congregation of eighty people, of whom some stayed 
sundry hours with me after sermon was over, and were desirous to be 
informed concerning the Church of England ; and upon my convers 
ing with them they confessed that the Church had been sadly mis 
represented, and that they should have a more favourable opinion of 
it for the future, and desired that I would come again." [Connecticut 
Church Documents, vol. i,p. 161.] 

Mr. Punderson, in a letter to the Bishop of London, gives a graphic 

L 58 D ' 



EVAN ROGERS 

description of the excesses which followed the preaching of George 
Whitefield and his disciples, known as the New Lights. 

N. Groton, izth Dec., 1741. 

MY LORD, 

THE duties and labours of my mission are exceedingly increased by 
the surprising enthusiasms that rage among us, the centre of which 
is the place of my residence, a short account of which I shall trouble 
your Lordship with. Since Mr. Whitefield has been in this country, 
there has been a great number of vagrant preachers, the most re 
markable of which is Mr. Davenport, of Long Island, who came to 
New-London in July, pronounced your ministers unconverted, and, 
by his boisterous behaviour and vehement crying, ' ' Come to Christ, ' ' 
many were struck, as the phrase is, and made the most terrible and 
affecting noise, that was heard a mile from the place. He came to this 
Society, acted in the same manner five days, was followed by innu 
merable [people] ; some could not endure the house, saying that it 
seemed to them more like the infernal regions, than the place of wor 
shipping the God of Heaven ; many, after the amazing horror and dis 
tress that seized them, received comfort, (as they term it,) and five or 
six of these young men in this Society are continually going about, 
especially in the night, converting, as they call it, their fellow men ; 
two of these act as their ministers, and they affirm, converted above 
two hundred in an Irish town about twenty miles back in the country. 
Their meetings are almost every night in this and the neighbouring 
parishes, and the most astonishing effects attend them : screechings, 
faintings, convulsions, visions, apparent death for twenty or thirty 
hours, actual possession with evil spirits, as they own themselves. 
The spirit in all is remarkably bitter against the Church of England. 
Two who were ' ' struck, ' ' and proceeded in this way of exhorting and 
praying, until actually possessed, came to me, asked the same ques 
tions : ' ' Are you born again? " l ' Have you the witness of the Spirit? ' ' 
&c., as they all do; used the same texts of Scripture ; taught the same 
doctrines ; called me Beelzebub, the prince of devils ; and, in their 
possession, burnt about 1,200. They have since been to me, asked 
my forgiveness, and bless God that He restored them to the spirit of 
a sound mind. There are at least twenty or thirty of these lay holders- 
forth, within ten miles of my house, who hold their meetings every 

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night in the week in some place or other, excepting Saturday night, 
and incredible pains are taken to seduce and draw away the members 
of my Church; but, blessed be God we still rather increase. 

I am, my Lord, 

Your obedient servant, 

EBEN'R PUNDERSON. 
[Connecticut Church Documents y vol. ?', p. 174.] 



N. Groton, March $ott, 1742. 
REVEREND SIR, 

THERE never was more pressing need of good books among us than 
in this astonishing season, in which the wildest enthusiasm and su 
perstition prevail ; and it is attended with the most bitter fruits of un- 
charitableness and spiritual pride, an instance or two of which I shall 
trouble the honourable Society with. Some time since, immediately 
after I had preached a sermon in Norwich, one of these enthusiasts 
came to me and demanded my experience ; (which is very common ;) 
his request being denied, he pronounced me unconverted, and, not 
only going myself, but leading all under my charge, down to hell. 
Soon after, he was attended with a dumb spirit, and uttered nothing 
for five or six days, except two or three blasphemous expressions, 
viz., Go tell the brethren I am arisen; at another time, Suffer little 
children to come unto me, &c. There also came another of these 
exhorters (as they are called here) to my house, attended by many; 
declared me as upright and as exemplary a person as any he knew 
in the world, yet he knew I was unconverted, and leading my people 
down to hell ; he affirmed that he was sent with a message from God, 
and felt the Spirit upon him, &c. ; he seemed sincere. Soon after, 
Mr. Croswell, the dissenting teacher in this parish, with two attend 
ants, came singing to my house, pronounced me unconverted, yet, at 
the time, declared that he did not know me guilty of any crime. I as 
sured him that, in my opinion, it was a greater crime for him thus to 
murder my soul, usefulness and reputation in the world, than for me 
to attempt his natural life ; and that he certainly must be a worse man, 
thus, in cool blood and under a religious pretence, to pronounce damna 
tion against me, than for a common swearer to say to another ' * God 
damn you ;" since this he is not so fierce as before. 

At the first rise of this enchanting delusion, I was under melancholy 

c 6 : 



EVAN ROGERS 

apprehensions that the Infant Church of England, in this and the adja 
cent places, would be crushed, those being the centre of the religious 
delirium ; some have gone after it, but more been added, and I am 
more and more convinced of the promise of our blessed Lord, that the 
gates of hell shall never prevail, &c. My labours abundantly increase, 
and I have scarce been at home a week together the past winter; some 
times I preach two or three sermons a week, beside constantly on the 
Lord's-day, and I have good hope that my labour is not in vain. 
Yours and the honourable Society's 

Real friend and servant, 

EBEN'R PUNDERSON. 
[Connecticut Church Documents, vol. i, p. 178.] 

While this "Great awakening" led many from the sober ways of the 
Church of England, it aroused others to a deeper sense of religion. 
Mr. Punderson found himself sought out by many inquirers, who 
desired to learn from him the tenets of the Church of England and 
its doctrine of personal salvation. In the reaction from overwrought 
appeals of itinerant preachers, large numbers became Churchmen 
throughout New London County and other parts of eastern Con 
necticut. 

Mr. Punderson's zeal carried him into the valley of the Connecticut 
more than forty miles from his home. In the summer of 1739 he 
held a service at Middletown, with one hundred people in attendance, 
and he also visited Durham and that part of Madison then called 
North Bristol, Cohabit, now North Guilford, and other towns. In each 
he preached and baptized the children and left with them tracts and 
prayer books. In a journey which he undertook in September, 1750, 
he travelled one hundred and sixty miles, preached eleven sermons, 
and christened seventeen children. In 1753 he was formally trans 
ferred to New Haven, as he sought relief from the effects of his con 
stant travelling. Here he was instrumental in the building of a church, 
for which he gave nearly all the lumber. 

The first effort to establish the Church in New Haven was made by 
the Rev. Jonathan Arnold when he was itinerant missionary with his 
home at West Haven. From an heir of the Gregson estate he obtained 
in London, in 1735, a deed of land in New Haven for the use of a 
parish of the Church of England ; but when, three years after, he at- 

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HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

tempted to take possession by ploughing the plot, he was driven off 
by a company of men and boys, who were determined that the Church 
of England should not enter New Haven. Owing to lack of a proper 
acknowledgement, the deed was declared defective and the Church 
never benefited by it. Mr. Arnold afterward frequently visited New 
Haven and held services there, but no attempt to build a church was 
made until the spring of 1752. In April of that year Dr. Johnson 
wrote to the Society : ' ' Nor hath the condition of the Church within 
the whole of this colony much altered, save that it hath so far in 
creased at New-Haven (with West Haven at about four miles dis 
tance) that they have this winter got timber to build a church of the 
dimensions of sixty feet by forty, beside the steeple and chancel ; and 
as this is a place of very great importance on account of the College 
being there, it would be very happy for them if the Society were able 
to assist them in providing for a minister, as I doubt they will not be 
able to do more than 25 sterling per annum themselves, especially 
while building. The Church is also gaining at Guilford and Branford, 
which, being but twelve miles asunder, propose to join for the pres 
ent in procuring a minister, to whom they would also engage about 
25 per annum, and therefore stand in like need of assistance; and 
there are two worthy candidates likely to offer for these places, but 
if the Society be not able to assist them, they must be content for 
the present to have but one over them all. " [Connecticut Church Docu 
ments, vol. ij p. 291.] 

Mr. Punderson removed to his native town probably in the fall of 
1752. With the hearty cooperation of Enos Ailing, Isaac Doolittle, and 
other energetic Churchmen, he speedily brought about the erection 
of the church, and commenced a faithful service of nine years in which 
there was a quiet but constant growth. After the death of the Rev. 
James Wetmore there was a vacancy in the parish of Rye for more 
than two years. 

In a letter to the Venerable Society, December 10, 1760, the Rev. Dr. 
Henry Barclay of Trinity Church wrote that ' ' Westchester and Rye 
continue vacant; religion is at the lowest ebb in that County, and 
unless some zealous and discrete Clergyman be appointed to those 
missions, the very term of it will soon disappear. As Westchester is a 
wide extended county, three missionaries can find more than sufficient 
employment provided they have the interest of religion at heart." 

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EVAN ROGERS 

In a letter to the Society in November, 1 760, Dr. Samuel Johnson sug 
gested the names of Mr. Miller, ' ' or one Mr. Davis, a hopeful youth, 
who is going in the Spring," for Westchester, and theRev.Ichabod 
Camp of Middletown, Connecticut, for Rye. In May, 1761, Timothy 
Wetmore, a son of the old rector and schoolmaster of Rye, informed 
the Society that it was ' ' six or eight months since we have been favored 
with a sermon, or had either of the Sacraments administered in this 
Parish by a minister of the Church." At the request of the people, 
he had read service every Lord's day and upon other convenient 
occasions. He mentioned the constant attendance of the people, ex 
plained the constitution of the parish, which required the vestry to call 
and induction by the governor. He lamented the indifference of the 
members of the vestry, most of whom seldom came to divine service, 
and some were not even members of the Church. In acknowledging this 
letter, the Venerable Society, in accordance with its previous commu 
nication to the vestry, that it would appoint a missionary whenever 
an application, with suitable pledges for support, was sent, expressed 
its willingness to send a missionary if necessary. Soon after, they pro 
ceeded to appoint the Rev. Solomon Palmer, itinerant missionary in 
Litchfield County, Connecticut. In the meantime, the vestry of Rye, 
which had called two clergymen who did not accept, elected the Rev. 
Ebenezer Punderson.Mr.Punderson remained at New Haven until 
the summer of 1763, making frequent visits to Rye for services and 
pastoral work. The vestry wrote the following letter to Mr. Palmer, 
which he forwarded to the Propagation Society : 

Rye, February 2 1st, 1763. 

REV. SIR, 

WE, the justices, churchwardens and vestrymen of the Parish of 
Rye, having greatly at heart the preservation of our happy union, that 
subsists in our church, presume, Sir, that you, a preacher of the gospel 
of peace, will highly concur with us in opinion of the absolute necessity 
of guarding against every event that threatens to impede its continu 
ance. Ever since the decease of the Rev. Mr. Wetmore, our late worthy 
pastor, an unhappy spirit of discord about a successor to that office, 
very unfortunately prevailed among us, till the coming of the Rev. Mr. 
Punderson, in September last, when, by his unwearied endeavours and 
successful preaching in the several parts of his parish, it pleased God to 

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reunite the minds of the people in Mr. Punderson, and we did then, 
with one general voice, give Mr. Punderson an invitation to be our pas 
tor, and he, to our great satisfaction, favoured us with his acceptance 
of it, and in consequence whereof, a petition was immediately drawn 
and lodged in the hands of the Honourable Daniel Horsmander, Esq., 
in New- York, to be presented at a proper time, by him and the Rev. Dr. 
Barclay, to his Excellency the Governour, to induct the Rev. Mr. Pun 
derson into our Church, and on the 5th of October last, the Vestry, at 
tended by a number of parishioners, wrote a letter to the Honourable 
Society, acquainting them with their proceedings, and requested their 
consent to Mr. Punderson's establishment among us, and which was 
transmitted to the Rev. Dr. Johnson, of New- York, to be forwarded by 
the first conveyance, undercover of the Dr's. letter of recommendation, 
on this occasion, to the Society, so that both the Dr's. and Vestry's 
letters have doubtless long ere now, reached the Society's hands, and 
we have the greatest reason to expect, from the known pious interest of 
that Venerable Body, an agreeable answer to our request. Mr. Punder 
son, who is now here, and has once more favoured us with many vis 
its, wherein he has happily revived no inconsiderable spirit of religion 
among us ; and in consequence thereof has gained our greatest esteem ; 
and indeed, it now visibly appears that he is actually sealed in the 
hearts of the people in general, who, with great discontent now lament 
our misfortune, (excuse the expression) of your appointment for this 
Parish, before the Dr.'s and Vestry's letters could meet the Society's 
hand, and on which occasion, a cloud of discord does already threaten 
our peace in the Church ; and we firmly believe that a disappointment of 
having Mr. Punderson for our minister, would prove very fatal to her. 
Thus, sir, we have considered well our duty and our representations of 
this Parish, giving you a faithful information of our proceedings since 
Mr. Punderson's first coming here, and also our own, as well as the 
parishioners sentiments in regard to your appointment, which we freely 
communicate to you, on no other motive than an earnest desire of the 
parishioners in general, that neither the continuance of our happy 
reunion in Mr. Punderson, nor his establishment among us may be 
impeded on your application to Dr. Johnson and other gentlemen of 
the clergy, who in general, very well know how matters stand here. We 
presume you'll be convinced to your satisfaction, that we speak the real 
sentiments of the Parish in general, as they are also our own. without 



EVAN ROGERS 

the least tincture of prejudice or any other motive than the preserva 
tion of peace and harmony in the Church, and also his restoration from 
his much reduced situation ; and be assured, if things were circum 
stanced now as they were before Mr. Punderson's coming here, we 
should receive you cheerfully with open arms, agreeable to your char 
acter, and with the respect that is justly due to the Venerable Society's 
appointment. We remain, most respectfully, 

Rev. Sir, your very humble servants, 

ANDREW MERRITT,! . 

EBENEZER KNIFFEN} Church ^dens. 

(and several others?) 
\Boltori 1 s Church in Westchester, p. 296.] 

Both clergymen showed a very good spirit, and the complication was 
settled by Mr. Palmer becoming rector of New Haven and Mr. Pun- 
derson, in accordance with the mandate of Lieutenant-Governor Col- 
den, being inducted into the parish of Grace Church, Rye, by the 
Rev. John Milner, rector of Westchester, November 21, 1763. 

Soon after his call to Rye, Mr. Punderson sent this letter to the 
Society : 

Rye, November \zth, 1762. 

REV. SIR, 

I AM now entered upon the thirtieth year in the service of the Ven 
erable Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, &c., and notwith 
standing I have laboured under many infirmities, yet have by divine 
goodness been enabled to perform divine service every Sunday, save 
one, during the long term; and have rid, and preached more than 
two sermons in three weeks, ye whole of the time. Upwards of nine 
years have I been in the Society's service, at New Haven, Guilford, 
and Brandford, where I have six churches, and have more than one 
hundred and sixty communicants, and by the blessing of heaven upon 
my zealous and painful endeavours to serve the Church of God which 
he has purchased with his own blood ; I have almost solely raised up 
eleven churches in Connecticut, and from the force and fraud of the 
powers of darkness and evil, and wicked men, who are their instru 
ments, have suffered more than probably almost any man now alive; 
but blessed be God whose property it is to bring light out of darkness, 

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HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

good out of evil, and order out of confusion, has made all these things 
work together for my best good, the increase of my faith, and patience 
and fervent zeal to promote the salvation of immortal souls. 

Rev. Sir, &c., 

EBENEZER PUNDERSON. 
[Bolton's Church in Westchester, p. 303.] 

With the same thoroughness as in the early days of his ministry 
the man of fifty-eight went into every part of his new parish, and was 
able to report at the end of the year that he had baptized nineteen 
adults and ninety-two children, besides preparing many for the re 
ception of the Holy Communion. The cordiality and good-will with 
which the new rector had been received aroused every one to greater 
energy, but to the sorrow of his people he died September 22, 1764. 
His remains were interred in the old burial lot of the parish. The 
monument erected to his memory bears this inscription, as recorded 
on page 306 of Bolton's "Church in Westchester : " 

SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF THE 

REV. EBENEZER PUNDERSON, LATE 

MISSIONARY TO THE REV. SOCIETY FOR 

PROPAGATING THE GOSPEL IN FOREIGN 

PARTS, WHO DIED 22D SEP., A.D. 1764. 

BEING 60 YEARS OF AGE. 

WITH PURE RELIGION WAS HIS SPIRIT FRAUGHT, 
PRACTIS'D HIMSELF WHAT HE TO OTHERS TAUGHT. 

Mr. Punderson married Hannah, a daughter of Ephraim Miner. 
Their children were : 

EBENEZER, a graduate of Yale College in 1755, who became a mer 
chant in Preston, Connecticut, and died in 1809. 

CYRUS, who was born at North Groton in 1737, was a graduate of 
Yale College in 1755, and became a physician in New York City, 
where he died January 10, 1789. 

SYLVIA, who married the Rev. John Beardsley, the successor of Mr. 
Punderson in the North Groton mission, afterward rector of Christ 
Church, Fishkill, and subsequently rector of Maugerville, New Bruns 
wick. Mrs. Beardsley died at Poughkeepsie about 1772. 

[66] 



EVAN ROGERS 

Mrs. Punderson survived her husband twenty-eight years, dying at 
North Groton, February 23, 1792, at eighty years of age. 

Richard Channing Moore. 

See sketch which precedes his letter of June 25, 1814. 

Ephraim Avery. 

Ephraim, a son of the Rev. Ephraim and Deborah (Lothrop) Avery, 
was born in that part of Pomfret, Connecticut, now Brooklyn, April 
13, 1741. He was a descendant of Dr. William Avery, who settled 
in Dedham, Massachusetts, in 1650. His father died in October, 1754, 
when he was thirteen years old. His mother married John Gardiner, 
the owner of Gardiner's Island, and the family removed to the manor 
house on that island. Mrs. Gardiner married for her third husband, 
June 3, 1767, Colonel Israel Putnam. She died in Peekskill, at General 
Putnam's headquarters, October 14, 1777. Ephraim was carefully 
educated, and was graduated with honour from Yale College in 1761. 
In December of the same year he became schoolmaster at Second 
River, within the township of Newark, New Jersey, under the aus 
pices of the Rev. Isaac Brown, the rector of Trinity Church. He had 
previously conformed to the Church of England, and upon Mr. Brown's 
suggestion he was given a stipend by the Venerable Society. He 
studied theology under Mr. Brown, and when of sufficient age went 
to England with testimonials from the clergy of New Jersey and New 
York, and was ordained by the Rt. Rev. Dr. Hinchman, Bishop of 
London, in the spring of 1765. His license to officiate in the Planta 
tions is dated June 2 of that year. He was appointed to the parish of 
Rye, and duly inducted September 9, 1765. In 1766 he wrote to the 
Society of the harmony prevailing in his parish, and noted his satis 
faction that the Stamp Act had been received calmly by the inhabitants 
of Rye, who, although "it is true, they esteem the act rather aggres 
sive ; but to resist the higher powers in a rebellious manner they think 
not only unlawful but unchristian." During the stormy days which 
preceded the Revolution Mr . Avery stood firmly for Church and Crown . 
The parish showed activity, and the baptisms averaged more than forty 
each year. Mr. Avery's loyalty brought him into collision with that 
rougher element of the community which in times of turmoil naturally 
turn to pillage and insult. The cattle of the rector of Rye were driven 

C 67 1 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

off, his fields and orchards injured and plundered, and many articles 
of value stolen from the parsonage. The distraction of the times so 
troubled Mr. Avery that his mind became weakened, but he made a 
brave struggle to continue his work until a stroke of paralysis in the 
early spring of 1776 partially disabled him. The death of his wife in 
May, 1776, after a short illness, was the final blow. On the morning 
of November 5, 1776, his parishioners were grieved to learn that Mr. 
Avery had been found dead near his own gate with his throat cut. 
Some believed that he had died by his own hand, but others main 
tained that he had been murdered by the "rebels." 

Mr. Bolton, in his " History of the Church in Westchester," says 
on page 32 1 : 

'Tradition, however, reports that Mr. Avery was murdered by 
one Harris, an Irish Jesuit, who at that period kept a private school, 
which for many years stood upon, or near the site now occupied by a 
carriage shed, directly opposite the Church, at Rye. It is said that fre 
quent discussions on religious topics had taken place between them ; 
on these occasions, Mr. Avery was always observed to maintain his 
argument with great coolness and moderation, while his antagonist, 
who was naturally of a violent and hasty temper, would frequently 
betray the worst feelings. Under the garb of liberty, the murderer way 
laid, and shot his innocent and defenceless victim; cut his throat, 
and dragged him into the public highway ; thus adding to his crime, 
a vile attempt to defame the fair character of a worthy and excellent 
minister. But amid the turmoil of civil war, the conscience-stricken 
murderer found no rest ; he wandered from place to place, entirely de 
pendant on the charity of others, and finally removed into the State 
of Ohio. Not long afterward he was tried for a second murder, and 
condemned to expiate his crime on the gallows. According to an 
account of his execution published in one of the Ohio papers of the 
day, on the bolts being drawn, the rope broke, and the unfortunate 
man fell to the ground. While in this distressing situation, he en 
treated the officers of justice to spare him a few moments, as he had 
something further to communicate ; when he solemnly declared that 
he first shot Mr. Avery, and then cut his throat. Related on the tes 
timony of Mrs. Wetmore and other aged inhabitants of this Parish, 
who have heard their parents speak of Harris, and remember to have 
seen an account of his execution in the papers of the day." 



EVAN ROGERS 

His friend and neighbour, the Rev. Samuel Seabury of Westchester, 
gave to the Venerable Society this account of the tragedy, dated from 
New York, March 29, 1777: 

'When I last wrote, I neglected to inform the Society of the death 
of their missionary at Rye, the Rev. Mr. Avery. With regard to the 
circumstances of his unfortunate end, I can now only relate what has 
been commonly reported. 

''When the King's army were about to leave the County of West- 
Chester, the latter end of October last, one brigade under the com 
mand of General Agnew, pushed forward about two miles beyond Rye, 
in hopes of bringing a large detachment of the rebel army which lay 
there, to an engagement, but not being able to come up with them, 
they returned on a Sunday afternoon to join the Royal army near the 
W T hite Plains. That evening, the rebels returned to Rye, and as Mr. 
Avery and many of the loyalists had shown particular marks of joy 
when the King's troops came there, they became very obnoxious to 
the rebels, who showed their resentment by plundering their houses, 
driving off their cattle, taking away their grain, and imprisoning some 
of them. Among the rest, Mr. Avery was a sufferer, and lost his cattle, 
&c. On Tuesday morning, he desired a maid servant to give the chil 
dren their breakfast, and went out. Sometime after, he was found, 
some say, under a fence, or in an out-house, with his throat cut, either 
dead, or just expiring. Many people are very confident that he was 
murdered by the rebels ; others suppose that his late repeated losses 
and disappointments, the insults and threats of the rebels, and the 
absence of his best friends, who had the day before, gone off for fear 
of the rebels, drove him into a state of desperation too severe for his 
strength of mind. He had last spring, a stroke of the palsy, which 
deprived him of the use of one hand, and affected his reason a good 
deal. He also about the same time lost his wife, a prudent and cheer 
ful woman, which affected him so much, that when I attended at her 
funeral, I did not think it right to leave him suddenly, but tarried 
with him several days till he was more com posed. I visited him again 
a fortnight after, and found him much better, and would have repeated 
my visits, but the times became too critical to admit of it. He has left 
five or six helpless orphans, I fear in great distress ; indeed I know 
not what is to become of them ; I have only heard that the rebels 
had humanity enough to permit them to be carried to Mr. Avery 's 

C 69 H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

friends at Norwalk, in Connecticut." [Bolton's Church in Westchester^ 
p. 322.] 

Both Mr. Avery and his wife were buried in Grace Church bury- 
ing-ground on Blind Brook. Over his wife's grave Mr. Avery had 
erected a stone with this inscription, taken from page 324 of Bolton's 
"Church in Westchester : " 

SACRED 
TO THE MEMORY OF MRS. HANNAH, 

LATE CONSORT OF 

THE REV. EPHRAIM AVERY 

WHO HAVING LIVED GREATLY 

BELOVED, DIED UNIVERSALLY 

LAMENTED, AFTER SIX WEEKS 

EXCRUCIATING PAIN ON YE I 3TH 

DAY OF MAY, A.D. 1776 IN YE 

39TH YEAR OF HER AGE. 

BLESSED ARE THE DEAD 
WHO DIE IN THE LORD 

Mrs. Avery 's maiden name was Platt. She belonged to an old Long 
Island family. 

The children of Ephraim and Hannah (Platt) Avery were : 

HANNAH PLATT, born April 16, 1763. She married Stephen Barrett. 

ELIZABETH DRAPER, born August 29, 1765. She married Mr. Church, 
who died in the West Indies previous to December 15, 1799. 

JOHN WILLIAM, born May 24, 1767. He married Sarah Fairchild of 
Stratford, Connecticut. His grandson, Samuel Putnam Avery, was the 
well-known art critic and connoisseur of New York. 

ELISHA, born November 27, 1768. 

JOSEPH PLATT, born March 24, 1771. 

DEBORAH PUTNAM, born June 1, 1773. 

David Foote. 

David, a son of Asa Foote, was born in that part of Colchester, now 
Marlborough, Connecticut, October 5, 1760. He was a direct descend 
ant of Nathaniel Foote, one of the original settlers of Wethersfield. 
He was graduated from Dartmouth College in 1776. There are no 

C 70 ] 



EVAN ROGERS 

particulars of his life to be found from his graduation until 1788, when 
he was presented by the Rev. John Tyler of Christ Church, Norwich, 
to Bishop Seabury for examination for the order of deacon. He was 
made deacon by that Bishop in St. James's Church, New London, 
June 11, 1788. He was licensed to preach, and directed to serve in 
the congregations of Hebron and Chatham. No services had been held 
in St. Peter's Church, Hebron, since its incumbent, the Rev. Dr. 
Samuel Peters, had left for England in the early days of the Revolu 
tion, to escape the violence of the patriots. Dr. Peters is one of the 
picturesque figures of the colonial Church. He is best known by his 
' ' General History of Connecticut. ' ' Mr. Foote revived the parish, and 
firmly established the work which had been commenced at Middle 
Haddam on the Connecticut River, where a parish was organized in 
1785 by the Rev. Mr. Jar vis of Middletown, afterward Bishop of Con 
necticut, by the name of Christ Church. Mr. Foote was ordained priest 
by Bishop Seabury in St. John's Church, North Haven, Wednesday, 
October 22, 1788, at the same time with Dr. Samuel Nisbett. A 
vacancy of two years elapsed after the resignation of Mr. Moore be 
fore the vestry of Christ Church, Rye, called a new rector. In Novem 
ber, 1790, Mr. Foote's name was considered, and he removed to Rye. 
He was formally called December 15, at a salary of ''One Hundred 
pounds in half yearly payments together with the profits of the glebe, 
for his services one year from the seventh of last November. "Mr. 
Foote retained his canonical residence in Connecticut, attending the 
meetings of the Convention and Convocation. His name is found on 
the list of clergy both in New York and Connecticut. He died sud 
denly on August 1, 1793. Upon his tombstone is this simple inscrip 
tion : 

IN MEMORY 

OF 
THE REV. MR. DAVID FOOTE 

LATE PASTOR AT 
RYE & WHITE PLAINS, 
WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE 1ST OF 



AGED 32 YEARS. 

BLESSED ARE THE DEAD WHO 
DIE IN THE LORD. 



C 71 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

John Jackson Sands. 

See notice in Volume II, page 293, in the annotation on Islip and 
Brook Haven. 

George Ogilvie. 

George, a son of the Rev. John and Catherine (Symmes) Ogilvie, 
was born at New York, October 16, 1758. His father was then an 
assistant minister of Trinity Church, noted for his ability and elo 
quence. The family was of Scottish origin. The boy was carefully 
educated under the supervision of the father, and was graduated from 
Columbia College in 1774. During the Revolution he was an officer 
in an American loyalist regiment, and after the peace in 1783 went 
to England to visit relations. Upon his return he studied theology, 
and was made deacon by Bishop Provoost in 1787. In the same year 
he succeeded the Rev. John Rowland, the rector of Christ Church, 
New Brunswick, New Jersey, where he remained in charge for three 
years. He then accepted the charge of St. Paul's Church, Norwalk, 
Connecticut. In this parish his father had been lay reader after gradu 
ating from Yale College, and officiated for a few Sundays when he 
returned in holy orders in 1749. The son was thus welcomed with the 
greater warmth. George Ogilvie was ordained priest by Bishop Sea- 
bury in Christ Church, Newtown, October 3, 1790. He remained at 
Norwalk for six years. In November, 1796, he was called to succeed 
the Rev. John Jackson Sands at Rye, where, however, his stay was 
brief, as he died on April 3, 1797, in his thirty-ninth year, after an 
incumbency of only five months. He was buried in the cemetery of 
the parish on Blind Brook. 

George Ogilvie married Amelia, a daughter of Cornelius Willett 
of Willett's Point, in 1778. Two daughters were born to them, of 
whom there are numerous descendants by the name of Comstock and 
Belden, families well known in New York and Connecticut. Mrs. 
Ogilvie died March 18, 1781. For his second wife he took a daughter 
of the Rev. Dr. McWhorter of Newark, New Jersey, by whom he 
had no children. 

Peter Jay. 

Peter, a son of Augustus and Anna Maria (Bayard) Jay, was born 

c 72 : 



EVAN ROGERS 

November 3, 1704. He engaged in mercantile ventures very early in 
life, in which he was successful, and was prominent in the affairs of 
the province and city. With others of the Huguenot colony he became 
a devout member of the Church of England. He was a vestryman 
of Trinity Church from 1732 to 1746. Upon his withdrawal from 
business, in 1744, he lived at Bedford House the life of a country 
gentleman, surrounded by his children and grandchildren. He died 
April 17, 1782. He was a benefactor of Grace Church, Rye. 

Anna Maria Jay. 

* 

The Jay family in America are the descendants of Pierre Jay,/^er, 
a merchant of high standing in La Rochelle, France. As he was a Hu 
guenot, he suffered even before the revocation of the Edict of Nantes 
in 1685. By a happy stratagem he joined his family in England, and 
soon after they came to America, where in the city of New York they 
found friends and fellow-sufferers, and a Church of their own faith. 
Mr. Jay's son, Augustus, by his marriage with Anna Maria Bayard, 
allied himself to many families of distinction in the province. They 
had five children. The eldest, Peter, married Mary, a daughter of 
Jacob Van Cortlandt. Ten children were born to them, of whom Anna 
Maria, born October 20, 1737, was the ninth. Her father was a mer 
chant in the city of New York until his fiftieth year. Like other mem 
bers of the family, she was a staunch Churchwoman, and liberal in 
her gifts both for the support of the parish and for general Church 
work. Miss Jay died September 4, 1791. 

John Jay. 

A notice of Governor John Jay will be found in Volume I, page 55. 

Peter Jay > Jr. 

Peter, a son of Peter and Mary (Van Cortlandt) Jay, was born Oc 
tober 19, 1734. He was a member and vestryman of Grace Church, 
Rye, and gave evidence of his regard for it by gifts. He was war 
den from 1788 to 1795, and again in 1797. He died July 8, 1813. He 
married Mary Duyckinck in 1789. 

Christ Church, Rye. 

The Sketch by Evan Rogers omits any mention of the charter of the 

C 73 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

parish, which was granted byLieutenant-GovernorColden, December 
19, 1764. 

It is of interest to know that after the death of Mr. Avery the Society 
appointed to the vacancy the Rev. Isaac Hunt, although it is very 
doubtful whether he ever visited the parish. Mr. Hunt belonged to a 
well-known English family, who were so warmly attached to the cause 
of King Charles the First that, upon the assumption of power by Oliver 
Cromwell, they fled from England to the West Indies. Many of its 
members were clergymen. Mr. Hunt's father was the rector of St. 
Michael's Church, Bridgetown, Barbados, and sent his son to be edu 
cated at the College of Philadelphia. It was expected that he would study 
for the ministry, but he turned his attention to the law, and engaged 
in practice in Philadelphia. By his clever lampoons on the American 
cause and by his devoted attachment to the Crown, he made himself 
obnoxious to the more ardent advocates of American independence, 
who determined to tar and feather him and Dr. Kearsley at the same 
time. A friend, however, overturned the tar barrel, and had young 
Hunt committed to prison to save him from such indignity. A bribe 
to the jailer secured his release, and he sailed for England. He there de 
termined to receive holy orders, was ordained in 1777 by the Rt. Rev. 
Dr. Robert Lowth, and was immediately appointed to Rye. He married 
Mary, a daughter of Stephen Shewell, a wealthy merchant of Phila 
delphia. Benjamin West, afterward the president of the Royal Acad 
emy, had married another daughter. Mr. Hunt appears to have been 
unable to obtain any permanent position which would support his 
family, although he was a popular preacher in London. His friend, the 
Duke of Chandos, whose seat was near South gate, invited him to be 
tutor to his nephew, James Henry Leigh. He lived in a house called 
Eagle Hall. It was there that a son was born in 1784, whom he 
named James Henry Leigh Hunt after his pupil. Isaac Hunt wrote 
occasionally for the press, and published several sermons. He was 
greatly interested in the mental development of his son Leigh, as he 
was usually called, and published in 1801 a volume of his poems 
under the title ' * Juvenilia. ' ' He died in 1809, at the age of fifty-seven. 
His son, as poet, critic, and essayist, has an assured place in English 
literature, and his works are still read with profit and pleasure. 

In the spring of 1795 the parish of Rye was reincorporated, under 
the Act of March 17, 1795, as Christ Church, when the following offi- 

L 74 : 



EVAN ROGERS 

cers were elected : Peter Jay, Isaac Purdy, wardens ; Joshua Purdy, 
John Haight, Thomas Brown, John Guion, Thomas Thomas, Gilbert 
Hatfield, Jonathan Purdy, and Nathaniel Purdy, vestrymen. 

Evan Rogers became rector in 1802, as has been noted in the sketch 
of him on page 3. On February 25, 1809, four weeks after his death, 
a meeting of the vestry was held, when it was resolved "that the 
Rev. Samuel Haskell be invited to resume the rectorship of the par 
ish." Mr. Haskell was instituted by Bishop Moore in August, 1809. 
He continued in the parish until failing health warned him to seek 
release from all active work. In 1816 work at White Plains was given 
up, after services had been held for one hundred years. Only occasional 
services were held there until 1 824, when Grace Church was organized, 
and the Rev. William Cooper Mead chosen as rector. Mr. Haskell 
resigned in May, 1823, and removed to New Rochelle, where he lived 
in retirement until his death, August 24, 1845, in the eighty-third 
year of his age. A notice of him will be found in the sketch of St. 
Peter's Church, Peekskill, in Volume II, page 328. Mr. Haskell was 
buried in Trinity Church Cemetery, New Rochelle. Upon his monu 
ment is this inscription : 

SACRED 
TO 

THE MEMORY 

OF THE 

REV. SAMUEL HASKELL, 

WHO DIED AUG. 24TH 1845 

AGED 83. 

The vestry of Christ Church called as rector the Rev. William Thomp 
son of Pennsylvania. He was a native of Inniskillen, in the north of 
Ireland, and came to America when fifteen years old. In New York 
he renewed the study of theology, which the state of his health had 
interrupted , and was made deacon by Bishop Hobart in Christ Church , 
New York City, April 19, 1821, at the same time with Lawson Carter 
and George Washington Doane, who afterward became Bishop of 
New Jersey. In September, 1821, Mr. Thompson became missionary 
in western Pennsylvania, taking charge of Trinity Church, Pittsburgh. 
This parish had been founded in 1805 by the Rev. John Taylor. For 
many years it had a struggle for existence, as no missionary had been 

C 75 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

sent to the Churchmen of Pennsylvania living west of the Alleghany 
Mountains, and many abandoned the Church of their baptism to unite 
with religious bodies whose ministers sought out the settlers in their 
small log cabins. Mr. Thompson worked with much ardour for two 
years, exploring the whole region in the vicinity of Pittsburgh. He was 
ordained priest by Bishop White, May 8, 1822. In 1823 he reported 
that ' ' Some ten or fifteen years past there were not less than five con 
gregations belonging to the Church in the vicinity of Brownsville. 
These congregations through the want of Clergymen to settle in this 
part of the Country are nearly all gone to other denominations ; yet 
it is believed, if a missionary could be sent amongst them, many of 
them would return to the Church." While rector of Rye he showed 
that same attention to every part of the ministerial duty as when a 
missionary. He died August 26, 1830, sincerely mourned. A notice 
in the ''Christian Journal" for September, 1830, page 286, says of 
him: 

"He was a man of great piety, and kind and affectionate disposi 
tions, and most sincerely devoted to his Master's service. He under 
stood well, and therefore highly prized the distinctive principles of 
the communion at whose altars he ministered, and happily illustrated 
the natural union of the sound and good churchman, the truly pious 
man and the faithful and evangelical preacher. His health was de 
clining for a long time before his death. He was conscious of it; but 
was supported and consoled under that consciousness, by the grace 
of God strengthening his faith, and brightening his Christian hopes. 
Mr. Thompson was in the prime of life; when in the ordinary course 
of Providence, many years might have been expected to be added to 
his ministry." 

The Rev. John Murray Forbes was then elected rector. He was a 
son of James Grant and Elizabeth (Blackwell) Forbes. He graduated 
from Columbia College in 1827, and from the General Theological 
Seminary in 1830. He was made deacon by Bishop Hobart in Trin 
ity Church, New York City, August 1, 1830, at the same time wkh 
Henry James Morton, for many years rector of St. James's Church, 
Philadelphia. They were the last deacons ordained by the third Bishop 
of New York. Mr. Forbes became a tutor in Trinity College, Hartford, 
Connecticut, where he remained until he came to Rye. In 1834 he 
accepted the rectorship of St. Luke's Church, New York City. He was 

c 76 n 



EVAN ROGERS 

considered a model parish priest and brilliant preacher. In 1849 he 
made his submission to the Roman Church, and was made pastor of 
St. Anne's Church on Eighth Street, and on several occasions served 
as theologian to bishops of the Roman obedience. In 1859 he returned 
to the American Church, but accepted no settled parochial charge. 
In 1869 he was elected permanent dean of the General Theological 
Seminary, and served for three years. He died at Elizabeth Town, 
New Jersey, October 11, 1885, in his seventy-ninth year. His suc 
cessors have been Peter S. Chauncey, afterward rector of St. James's 
Church, New York City; Edward C. Bull; John Campbell White; 
Reese F. Alsop, afterward rector of St. Ann's Church, Brooklyn; 
Chauncey Bunce Brewster, now the Bishop of Connecticut ; Walter 
Mitchell; William W. Kirkby, formerly for twenty-five years mis 
sionary in Red River Settlement, Hudson Bay Territory, and Arch 
deacon of York, Hudson's Bay, from 1876 to 1879. In 1905, after 
an incumbency of eighteen years, he became rector emeritus. He 
died September 5, 1907, aged eighty, and was succeeded by Thomas 
Worall. In January, 1912, Richard Townsend Henshaw was rector. 
During the rectorship of Mr. Bull, which extended from 1849 to 
1859, a new stone church of an elaborate Gothic architecture, from 
the plan of Wills and Dudley, was built at a cost of thirteen thou 
sand dollars. It was consecrated by the Provisional Bishop of New 
York, Dr. Horatio Potter, March 15, 1855. This beautiful church 
was burned on the night of December 21, 1866, during the rectorship 
of Mr. Alsop. Plans were made for a new and larger edifice, from the 
designs of Florentin Pelletier. The style chosen was early English 
Gothic ; the material, blue stone with brown stone trimmings. The ex 
treme length is one hundred and thirty-five feet ; a tower and spire 
rise to the height of one hundred feet. It will accommodate six hun 
dred persons. It was consecrated by Bishop Potter, June 19, 1869. In 
1878, during the rectorship of Mr. Brewster, a stone parsonage was 
built. On February 28, 1895, the parish fittingly celebrated the first 
election of wardens and vestrymen. As reported in the American 
Church Almanac for 1912, the parish has three hundred and twenty- 
five communicants. 



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HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

[REPORT ON TRINITY CHURCH, NEW YORK, FROM BENJAMIN MOORE] 

Trinity Church, New Tork 

TRINITY CHURCH in the city of New York, was founded 
in the year of our Lord, 1696, under the reign of Wil 
liam 3? , when Benj n: Fletcher was Governor of the Province. 

The Rev? William Vesey was appointed Rector; met the 
Vestry, Jan? 31, 1697; and Divine Service was first per 
formed in the Church on Sunday, Febr 6, 1697. 

During the Rectorship of M r Vesey, the Church was sev 
eral times enlarged & improved. The last addition was made 
in the year 1736; and, when thus completed, it was one of 
the largest & most venerable Edifices in America. This house 
was destroyed by fire in the Autumn of 1 776, & the present 
Edifice was erected, 1788. 

The Rev 1 ? W Vesey died July 11,1 746. During the time 
in which he presided over the Church, his Assistant Minis 
ters from time to time, were the Rev? Mess r . s Jenney, Wet- 
more, Colgan, & Charlton. 

The Rev? Henry Barclay was called to succeed M r Vesey, 
July i, 1752. 

Aug! 20, 1764 M* Barclay died his Assistant Ministers 
were Mess 1 ? Charlton, Auchmuty, & Johnson. 

The Rev? Samuel Auchmuty was elected Rector August 28, 
1764. While he was Rector of the Church, S^ Paul's Chapel 
was built, & first used for the purpose of Divine Worship on 
Thursday O6fc 30, 1 766. His Assistants were Mess? Inglis, 
Ogilvie, Provoost, Vardill, Bowden, & Moore. 

The Rev? Sam 1 . Auchmuty died March 4, 1777, and the 
Rev? Charles Inglis was appointed his Sucessor, March 20, 
1777. In consequence of the change of Government in this 

C 78 ] 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

country, he resigned the Rectorship on the first day of No 
vember, in the year 1783; and, the same day, the Rev d 
Benj? Moore was appointed to succeed him. By the interfer 
ence of the Legislature of the State, this appointment was su 
perseded ; and the Rev? B. Moore was again elecled Re6lor. 
The Assistant Ministers to D 1 : Provoost were Mess? Beach, 
Ogden, Bissett, & Moore. 

Besides the large estate in land given to Trinity Church 
by the Government before the Revolution, several valuable 
donations have been made by Individuals. Queen Anne pre 
sented a service of Plate for the use of the Altar; & large col- 
ledlions of books were given, at different times, by some of 
the Bishops of London, & by Rob 1 . Elliston Esq r . 

Many of these books have been lost in the confusions which 
have since prevailed in this country; a valuable library, how 
ever, is still preserved, & is now prepared for the use of Stu 
dents of Divinity. 

The Corporation of Trinity Church are now engaged in 
building a very elegant Church near Hudson-Square ; and 
they have lately purchased the House & ground in Broadway 
which formerly belonged to the Lutherans, where it is in 
tended to erecl: another Church in the course of next year, 
or the year succeeding. 

Report of the State of the Parish of Trinity Church in the 
City of New York, from Oftober i? 1803, to Oa r i, 1804. 

BENJ? MOORE, Reftor. 

Baptisms 
Communicants 
Marriages 
Funerals 



C 79 







HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

ANNOTATIONS 

Benjamin Fletcher. 

Colonel Henry Sloughter, who had been appointed governor of the 
Province of New York in January, 1690, did not, owing to the war 
with France, disturbances in Ireland, and the wrecking of his vessel 
on the coast of Bermuda, reach the city until March, 169 I.He died 
suddenly July 22 of the same year, leaving the affairs in New York 
in a critical condition. Jacob Leisler had assumed the command of the 
province in 1689, and his execution and that of his son-in-law, Jacob 
Millborne, for treason, aroused an intense feeling among the radical 
element, who opposed the wealthy families that had hitherto held official 
sway in New York. The defenceless state of the New York frontiers, 
exposed, as they were, to aggressions from the French and their In 
dian allies, and the difficulty experienced in obtaining the cooperation 
of the New England colonies in raising troops and contributing money, 
as well as the inflamed state of public opinion, made it necessary that 
the utmost care should be exercised in the choice of a new governor. 
Very wisely, the prominent men of New York made a strong appeal 
to the King. Mrs. Lamb, in her " History of the City of New York," 
on page 403 of volume i, says : 

"Matthew Clarkson drew up an address, which was signed by 
Ingoldsby, Philipse, Van Cortlandt, Bayard, Minvielle, Nicolls, and 
Pinhorne, setting forth the necessities of New York with great pre 
cision, and imploring supplies to carry on the war. It contained a care 
fully worded picture of the condition of the province, and of its sources 
of income, and argued the advantage of adding to it Connecticut, 
New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, in order to give it strength to defend 
itself. It was such a document as could not be passed by with inatten 
tion. It said, 'The middle of Long Island is altogether barren. The 
west end is chiefly employed in tillage and supplies the traffic of New 
York. The east end is settled by New England people, and their im 
provements are mostly in pasturage and whaling. Despite our strict 
laws their industry is often carried to Boston. Esopus has about three 
thousand acres of manurable land, all the rest being hills and moun 
tains not possible to be cultivated. The chief dependence of Albany is 
the traffic of the Indians. New York City is situated upon a barren 
island, with nothing to support it but trade which comes chiefly from 

[ 80 ] 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

bread and flour sent to the West Indies. All the rest of the province 
except Westchester, Staten Island, and Martha's Vineyard, consists 
of barren mountains not improvable by human industry. 'It was read 
by King William ; it was read by Queen Mary ; it was read by the 
Privy Council." 

After due deliberation Colonel Benjamin Fletcher was appointed 
March 18, 1692. He was an Englishman, and had served as officer 
in the army, with gallantry and ability, for thirty years. The new 
governor was received with enthusiasm by the officials and people of 
New York when he arrived August 29, 1692, and he was given a 
dinner by the corporation of the city. Under his commission he had 
jurisdiction over New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, and had 
also ample authority to order all the English colonies to furnish their 
quotas of men and money for the prosecution of the war then in 
progress with France. One of his first acts was to visit, under the 
guidance of Colonel Peter Schuyler of Albany, the Mohawk Indians, 
the most powerful as well as the nearest of the Five Nations, then 
inhabiting what is now the State of New York. His prompt action, 
his living among the Indians and learning their languages, and his 
ready adaptability to their ways, gained him their respect and kept 
them loyal to the British Crown. When in February, 1693, Gov 
ernor Fletcher, with three hundred troops, hastened up the Hudson 
to the succour of the Iroquois, to whom the French had given bat 
tle near Schenectady, the Indians in admiration gave him the name 
of " Cayenguirago, " which means the Great Swift Arrow. The tact 
and wisdom with which Governor Fletcher conducted Indian affairs 
won for him the commendation of even his bitterest opponents. 

The new governor chose his friends among the "Aristocrats," as 
the Leislerians termed them. By this course he at once antagonized 
a large minority, in which was included a few powerful families and 
leaders among the Dissenters. He adopted the policy of making grants 
of crown lands to those who upheld his administration. This, natu 
rally, increased the ill-will of those who did not share in his favour 
and strengthened the popular party. In his "Instructions " is this par 
agraph : 

' ' * You shall take care that God Almighty be devoutly and duly served 
throughout yr Government, the Book of Common Prayer, as it is now 
established, read each Sunday & Holy-Day and the blessed Sacrament 

si 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

administered according to the Rites of the Church of England. You 
shall be careful that the churches already built there be well and orderly 
kept and more built as the Colony shall by God's blessing be improved 
and that besides a competent Maintenance to be assigned to the Min 
ister of each Orthodox Church, a convenient house be built at the 
Common Charge for each Minister and a competent proporcion of 
land assigned to him for a Glebe and exercise of his industry. . . . 

' 'Our Will & Pleasure is that noe Minister be Preferred by you to 
any ecclesiastical Benefice in that our Province, without a Certificate 
from the Right Reverend and the Bishop of London of his being 
conformable to the doctrine and discipline of the Church of England 
and of good conversation."' [AVw York Colonial Documents, vol. in, 
p. 821, as quoted in Dix's History of Trinity Parish, vol. i, p. 78.] 

There were comparatively few Churchmen in the province, but the 
governor vigorously maintained the chapel in the fort, which was in 
charge of his chaplain, the Rev. John Miller, a man of much force of 
character and well liked. The open disregard of Sunday in the country 
districts, where no permanent religious organization of any sort had 
been effected, led Governor Fletcher, in 1692, to propose the passage 
of an act providing for a minister in the city of New York and the 
counties of Richmond, Westchester, and Queen's. Six days before 
the governor's arrival the Assembly had ordered an act to be drawn 
providing for the better observance of the Lord's Day and the ap 
pointment of ministers and readers in every town. Colonel Fletcher 
urged that it be drawn so as to exclude any ministers but those of 
"the Church of England as Established by our Lawes," to use a 
phrase of the period, but as many of the Assembly were Dissenters, 
such a bill was not acceptable to them. The proposed bill was not 
drafted, and the matter was only discussed in the House. In the mean 
time Churchmen in New York City were taking preliminary measures 
for the formation of a parish. When the Assembly came together again 
in the spring of 1693, it was ordered on April 1 , " that the Committee 
formerly appointed for the settling of the Ministry and School Masters 
do forth with proceed upon that business. ' ' There was discussion, but 
nothing done. In a short speech at the adjournment of the session 
the governor said : 

' ' Gentlemen, the first thing I recommended to you at our last meet 
ing was to provide for a ministry, and nothing is yet done. You are 

C 83 n 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

all big with the privileges of Englishmen and Magna Charta, which 
is your right, and the same law provides for the religion of the Church 
of England. As you have postponed it this session, I trust you will 
take hold of it at the next meeting and do something toward it eftectu- 
ally.' " [Lamb's History of the City of New York, vol. , p. 406.] 

At the session commenced in September, 1693, the governor spoke 
in an urgent manner of the absolute necessity of taking some definite 
action, and in consequence a committee was appointed which reported 
September 15, approving the drafting of a proper bill. This was done 
by the speaker, James Graham, and brought into the House on the 
19th of that month. It was read twice, recommitted, and on the 21st 
was passed with amendments. It provided for the call and induction of 
' ' a good sufficient Protestant Minister to officiate and have the care 
of souls within one year next," in certain specified places. There was 
to be one in the city of New York, one in the county of Richmond, 
two in the county of Westchester, and two in the county of Queens. 
The salaries of these ministers were to be met by a tax levied upon 
all the inhabitants of the places mentioned in the act. For the "more 
orderly raising of the respective maintenances for the ministers afore 
said , ' ' there were to be elected in each of the districts named ten vestry 
men and two churchwardens, who had power to lay a proper tax. 
The right of calling and collating was vested in the respective ves 
tries. The governor promptly returned it, with an amendment, approved 
by the council, making the right of presentation and collation a pre 
rogative of the governor. The House refused to accept the amend 
ment, and the bill finally became law without alteration. This was so 
displeasing to Colonel Fletcher that he summoned the House to meet 
him, and prorogued the session with the following speech : 

" You have shown a great deal of stiffness. You take upon you airs 
as if you were dictators. I sent down to you an amendment of three 
or four words in that bill, which, though very immaterial, yet was 
positively denied. I must tell you that it seems very unmannerly. 
There never was an amendment yet decided by the council but what 
you rejected; it is a sign of stubborn ill-temper. But, gentlemen, I 
must take leave to tell you, if you seem to understand by these words 
that none can serve without your collation or establishment, you are 
mistaken ; for I have the power of collating or suspending any min 
ister in my government by their Majesties' letters patent. Whilst I 

C 83 H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

stay in the government I will take care that neither heresy, sedition, 
schism, nor rebellion be preached among you, nor vice nor profanity 
encouraged. It is my endeavour to lead a virtuous and pious life and 
to set a good example. I wish you all to do the same. You ought to 
consider that you have but a third share in the legislative power of 
the government, and ought not to take all upon you, nor be so per 
emptory. You ought to let the council do their part. They are in the 
nature of the House of Lords or Upper House. But you seem to take 
the whole power into your own hands and set up for everything. You 
have had a very long session to little purpose and have been a great 
charge to the country. Ten shillings a day is a large allowance and 
you punctually exact it. You have been always forward enough to put 
down the fees of other ministers in the government ; why did you not 
think it expedient to correct your own to a more moderate allowance? 
Gentlemen, I shall say no more at present, but that you do withdraw 
to your private affairs in the country. You are hereby prorogued to 
the tenth day of January next, ensuing." [LamWsHistoryoftheCity 
ofNewYork, vol. i, p. 410.] 

It was under this act that St. Andrew's, Richmond, St. Peter's, 
Westchester, Grace, Rye, St. George's, Hempstead, and the parish 
at Jamaica were organized. The growth of the Church of England 
under this encouragement was remarkable. It had been contended 
from the passage of the act that under it a Dissenting minister could 
be called, and there were some sharp collisions and controversies be 
tween Governor Fletcher and his successors and those who wished 
such ministers. The whole tenor of the act shows the intent. The gov 
ernor's firm inflexibility in upholding the Church of England added 
to his unpopularity. The minister and consistory of the Reformed 
Protestant Church of Holland, which had been in existence since the 
first settlement of New Amsterdam, desired that their rights and priv 
ileges should have due recognition and not be subject to the caprice 
of each royal governor, although the terms of the capitulation of New 
Netherland guarded their ancient privileges. In the spring of 1696, 
"Henricus Selyns, William Beekman, Joannes Kerbyle, Joannes De 
Peyster, Jacobus Kipp, Isaac De Foreest and Isaac De Reymer, the 
present Minister, Elders, and Deacons of the Dutch protestant con- 
gregacon in our said City of New York," presented to the governor 
a petition for a charter of incorporation. This was granted May 11, 

C 84 ] 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

1696, and confirmed to them all their rights as a corporate body, with 
power to appoint their own officers, manage their own affairs, and 
hold property both real and personal. When the parish of Trinity 
Church had been erected, "the Managers of the English protestant 
Church called Trinity Church ' ' petitioned the governor and council, 
May 6, 1697, for a charter of incorporation, which was granted the 
same day. Both these charters guard and maintain the large interests 
of the Collegiate Dutch Church and Trinity Church to this day, and 
are permanent results of Governor Fletcher's administration. 

The state of war which prevailed during this period led merchants of 
New York and others to fit out ships as privateers under the govern 
or's commission, to roam the seas for the richly freighted ships from 
the East Indies under the flags of Spain or France. Wealth increased, 
Eastern gold coins were in circulation, larger houses were built, and 
the families of those merchants were gorgeously attired. Many ves 
sels of the Red Sea fleet entered New York harbour, and found a ready 
sale for all they brought. It is more than probable that some of the cap 
tains of these vessels were pirates, as the line between privateering and 
piracy was not sharply drawn. The names of William Kidd, Regnier 
Tongrelou, Thomas Penniston, Nat Burches, Thomas Tew, John 
Hoar, were not only familiar to the merchants of the city, but many 
were their friends and companions engaging with them in a busi 
ness in which there was little risk and great gain. It was the friendly 
aspect of Governor Fletcher to several of these men, and particularly 
the attention he had paid to Captain Tew, that led to his recall. The 
Leislerians, who were not averse to profiting by the conditions which 
then prevailed, nevertheless found it good policy to accuse Governor 
Fletcher and his council before the King of encouraging and protecting 
piracy. It happened that at that particular juncture there was a good 
deal of feeling against pirates, as the East India Company had just suf 
fered heavy losses at their hands. The King, therefore, determined to 
remove Governor Fletcher at once, without waiting to hear his defence. 
This was done in 1697. Fletcher was summoned to England, and the 
Earl of Bellomont appointed in his place March 16, 1697, and com 
missioned June 18, 1697. The new governor sent many complaints and 
accusations against his predecessor, but w r hen called upon to answer 
for his conduct, Colonel Fletcher was able to explain his acts, as gov 
ernor, to the satisfaction of the authorities. In the course of an answer 

C 85 n 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

to one of the earl's complaints, written in London, December 24, 
1698, Colonel Fletcher says: 

"And here, my Lords, let me presume to say, that I had my share 
in the Irish war, and do appeal to all the commanders in that army as 
to my behaviour in it, and whether in that or near thirty years service 
before, ever any complaints was brought against me not only from 
officer or soldier, but the inhabitants of any Corporation where I often 
commanded. I can with the greatest truth affirm that I was so far from 
making gaine by the misfortune of our friends that I never did it 
from the ruine of our enemies, and it was I presume the report of this 
behaviour that sent me to New York, for I had never thought of the 
place till the moment it was proposed to me." [New York Colonial 
Documents , vol. iv,p. 445.] 

Nothing appears to be known of the subsequent life of Colonel Fletcher. 
Modern estimates of his character vary with the political and eccle 
siastical sympathies of the writers. The author of the sketch in " Ap- 
pleton's Cyclopedia of Biography" says he was passionate, reckless, 
avaricious, accused of evading navigation laws. Rufus Rockwell Wil 
son says, in his "New York Old and New," volume i, page 129 : 

'The new governor was a brave and capable soldier, but loose of 
life and morals and wholly unfitted for a civic post. He arrayed him 
self on the side of the Aristocrats, as opposed to the Leislerians, who 
had now plucked up heart and were demanding a share in the govern 
ment, and thus became embroiled in more than one angry dispute 
with the provincial assembly, in which, though the suffrage was lim 
ited by a strict property qualification, the popular party had always its 
allies and mouth-pieces. Fletcher sought at the same time, by prodi 
gal and wholesale grants of the public lands, to divide the soil of the 
province among a few rich families, and to build up, at the expense 
of the settler of small means, a system of great tenant-farmed estates. 
His grants were made to ministers and churches as well as to laymen, 
and he abetted private individuals in the acquisition of great tracts 
of land from the Indians, all, it would seem, with a settled purpose 
of concentrating wealth and power into the hands of the aristocracy 
and of the Church of England, of which he was a devoted, if not a 
consistent member." 

Mrs. Lamb, in her "History," gives on page 404, volume i, this 
estimate of him : 

c 86 3 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

"Governor Fletcher was a stout, florid man, of easy address, showy 
and pretentious. He rolled through the streets in a carriage drawn by 
six horses. His wife and daughters were stylish ladies, who followed 
the latest European fashions. His servants wore handsome livery and 
were well drilled. He was fond of society, and never happier than when 
performing acts of hospitality. He was a great lover of high liv 
ing and drank wine daily, but not to excess. It was a common prac 
tice during his administration for politicians and gentlemen concerned 
with him in the government, to drop in at their own convenience, 
without formal invitation, and dine at his well-filled table. He was 
not a man of extensive learning, but his mind was largely stocked 
with ideas, the result of acute observation. He talked rapidly and to 
the point, and his arguments always carried weight. He had a hot, 
hasty temper, but it was combined with so much decision of charac 
ter that it only fitted him the more perfectly for a military commander, 
in which capacity he was successful ; there was', however, about him 
an arrogance not so well adapted to the chair of state. He stumbled into 
errors and extravagances, and raised up against himself powerful foes. 
He was devoutly religious, and had the bell rung twice every day 
for prayers in his household. He exerted himself to found churches, 
and to pave the way for the extension of the gospel. With his rule 
commenced a distinct era in the civil and religious history of New 
York." 

William Vesey. 

The Vesey family in America traces its descent from Robert Vea- 
zie, who settled in Watertown, Massachusetts, in 1636. The name 
is spelled variously in the early records, Veazie, Veazey, Veesie, 
Vesey, and occasionally Fewzee and Phezie. Robert Vesee came to 
Dover, New Hampshire, in 1659. The names of William and Solo 
mon Veazie are found as early as 1650 among the inhabitants of 
Braintree. This town was near the ill-fated Weston Colony of 1622 
and other attempted settlements under the auspices of Sir Robert 
Gorges. Within its limits was the hill known as Passonagesset, or 
Mount Wollaston, upon which, in 1622, Thomas Morton, " Of Clif 
ford's Inn Gentleman," as he styled himself, built a mansion and 
commenced a plantation. He brought with him thirty servants, and 
expected to found a town in the territory surrounding the mount, 

C 8 7 1 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

which he renamed Mare Mount or Merry Mount. His mode of life, 
which was that of an English country gentleman, his daily use of the 
Book of Common Prayer, and the setting up of a May-pole by his 
men, "with the help of the salvages," on the feast of St. Philip and 
St. James, "a goodly pine tree eighty foot longe," surmounted by 
a pair of buck's horns, " as a fair sea marke how to find out the way 
to mine host of Mare Mount," and the May Day sports in which 
he and his companions indulged, brought upon him the anger of the 
authorities of Massachusetts Bay. Governor John Endicott rebuked 
him for his ' * profaness, ' ' and admonished his followers ' * to look there 
should be better walking." The May-pole was cut down, Mr. Mor 
ton's property seized, and he was banished from the colony. In his 
graphic description of New England, entitled "New English Ca 
naan," published in 1632, the story of the Lord of Merrymount is 
well told. By his persecutors he was called "a troubler of Israel." 

In 1625 a town plot was laid out and inhabited by rigid Congrega- 
tionalists. It was incorporated as Braintree in 1640. While some mem 
bers of the Vesey family appear to have been members and officers 
of "the First Church of Christ, "as the Congregational Society was 
called, the descendants of William Veazie were firm and consistent 
Churchmen. Mr. Veazie, the original settler, held various town of 
fices, and was chosen as lieutenant in the military company main 
tained in every town. He came into prominence as an opposer of the 
Congregational doctrine and polity as early as 1685, when he protested 
against paying taxes for the support of the ministry and commenced 
reading the Church services to his relations and neighbours. 

William, a son of Lieutenant William and Mary Vesey, was born 
at Braintree, October 10, 1674. He was carefully brought up, taught 
the Church catechism, and instructed in the doctrines of the Church. 
In 1686, when subscriptions were requested for the building of King's 
Chapel, Boston, after the arrival of the Rev. Robert Ratcliffe, his fa 
ther gave one pound. It is probable that the family attended the ser 
vices held in the chapel, as the distance from Boston was only eight 
miles. When fifteen years old the young William became a communi 
cant in King's Chapel. He was entered at Harvard College, then at 
the height of prosperity under Dr. Increase Mather, and upon his 
graduation in 1693 he commenced the study of theology under the 
direction of the Rev. Symon Smith, at that time in charge of King's 

C 88 D 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

Chapel during an absence in England of the Rev. Samuel Myles, and 
afterward chaplain of the Fort of New York. 

The spiritual destitution of the eastern end of Long Island, where there 
were only two or three Congregational societies, without the countenance 
of the royal governors of the Province of New York, and some colonies 
of Quakers, appealed to the Churchmen of Boston. The Rev. Samuel 
Eburne, a priest of the Church, when in 1685 he was the minister 
of Brookhaven, had agreed to dispense with the use of the Common 
Prayer in consideration of " tender consciences," and had been able in 
that Congregational community to inculcate some of the doctrines of 
the Church of England. By the advice of friends in Boston, true and 
tried Churchmen, the young graduate of nineteen went to Sag Harbor, 
near the eastern extremity of Long Island, where he served as lay 
reader for six months. He then went to Hempstead, where he remained 
for more than two years. So acceptable were his services, which were 
attended by the whole town, that the vestry of the city of New York 
elected under the Ministry Act of 1693 thought him a suitable person 
to be the minister of New York. While Mr. Vesey did not conceal his 
Churchmanship, it is doubtful if the fact was generally known. It 
had been resolved by the vestry of New York at its meeting of Febru 
ary 12, 1694, by a majority of votes, that "A Dissenting minister be 
called to officiate and have the care of souls from this Citty as afore 
said." Such a decision was vigorously opposed by the Churchmen, 
who were in a minority on the board, and the other members of the par 
ish then forming. Action, however, was deferred, and both the Church 
party and the Dissenting contingent made strong efforts at the next 
election to gain their desires. 

The vestry of 1695 was still "Dutch and Dissenting," to the great 
chagrin of the governor, Colonel Fletcher, who complained to the 
council, "that there is an open contempt seems to be thrown upon 
an act of Assembly for establishing a ministry &c by the inhabitants 
of this City in choosing such Vestrymen as either refuse or neglect 
to put the act in execution." The vestry took action within ten days, 
for on January 19, 1695, it met and elected, nemine contradicente, Wil 
liam Vesey. This result appears to have been a compromise, for it was 
the governor's desire that his chaplain, the Rev. John Miller, should 
be chosen, and the Dissenting party had wished to elect one who 
was a thorough Dissenter. Mr. Vesey never acted upon this election, 

C 89 1 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

and there is no certainty that he was even informed of it. At any 
rate, the vestry sought justification for their wish by a petition to 
the Assembly, dated April 12, 1695, to which the answer was re 
turned, "that it is the opinion of this House that the Vestrymen and 
Church Wardens have power to call a dissenting Protestant Minis 
ter." Against this opinion the governor protested to the members of 
the Assembly in severe terms. In January, 1696, a vestry was chosen 
with a majority of Churchmen. It held various meetings to take mea 
sures to lay and collect the tax for the support of the minister, and on 
November 2, 1696, with every member, except Samuel Burte, pres 
ent, made this record in the minutes of its proceedings : 

'Wee y e Church Wardens &. Vestry men Elected by Virtue of 
y c said Act having read a Certificate under the hands of the Reverend 
M r Samuel Myles, Minister of y e Church of England in Boston in 
New England, and M r Gyles Dyer and M r Benjamin Mountfort, 
Church Wardens of y e said Church of the Learning & Education, 
of the Pious, Sober, & Religious behaviour and conversation of M r 
William Veazy and of his often being a Communicant in the Receiv 
ing y e most holy Sacrament in the said Church, have called the said 
M r William Veazy to officiate, and have y e care of Souls in this Citty 
of New Yorke. And y e said M r William Veazy being sent for, and 
acquainted with the Proceedings of this board, did return them his 
hearty thanks for their great favor &. affections shewd unto him, 
&. did Assure them he readily Accepted of their Call would with all 
Convenient Expedition Repair to England, and Apply himselfe to the 
Bishop of London in Order to be Ordained according to the Liturgy of 
y e Church of England, and would return to his Church here by the first 
Convenient Opportunity." [Historical Magazine, July, 1867, p. 12.] 
For his travelling expenses Mr . Vesey was allowed ninety-five pounds, 
then in the hands of the churchwardens, upon his giving a bond for 
its repayment. In the order to the churchwardens to pay that amount 
to him his name is given as William Veazey. Mr. Vesey had left 
Hempstead in the spring of 1696, and was assisting the rector of 
King's Chapel when he was called to New York for the second time. 
In his Diary Judge Sewall records under date of July 26, 1696 : 
''Mr. Vesey preached at the Ch. of Engl'd, Had many Auditors." 
In the records of King's Chapel is this item in the accounts for 1696 : 
"July 27 P d Mr. Phesy for sermon 1-0-0." 

C 90 ] 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

Mr. Vesey, while in Boston, had the unhappiness to see his father, 
Lieutenant Veazey, stand in the pillory in Boston for his outspoken 
loyalty to the deposed King James, and refusing to keep June 18, 

1696, the appointed day of thanksgiving for the discovery of the Bar 
clay and Charnock plot to assassinate King William. Upon that day 
he was seen ploughing the corn on his farm at Hough's Neck "with 
an Indian boy and two horses," to the great scandal of his neigh 
bours, who were loyally assembling in the meeting-house to give 
thanks for sparing the life of their sovereign. This incident shows the 
strong character of the father, and is an indication of the qualities 
inherited by the son. 

William Vesey sailed for England early in 1697. He was cordially 
received, and pursued there the studies required of every candidate 
before ordination. He visited Oxford, where he was given, July 8, 

1697, by the University of Oxford, as of Merton College, the degree 
of master of arts. He was made deacon and ordained priest by the 
Rt. Rev. Dr. Compton, Bishop of London, August 2, 1697. Upon the 
same day he was licensed to officiate in the Plantations and signed the 
promise of conformity. Mr. Vesey sailed for New York late in the fall, 
arriving in December, 1697. He brought with him the following let 
ters from the Bishop of London to the vestry of Trinity Church and 
the city vestry, which are recorded in the "Historical Magazine," 
July, 1867, page 13 : 

Augt loth, 1697. 
Gentlemen, 

YOUR choice was very welcome to me, and I hope I have Answered 
all that you Expected from me ; for I doe Assure you itt has and ever 
shall be my Constant Care to Serve you to y e uttmost of my power, 
Neither shall any choice be more Acceptable to me than what you 
make y r selves. I thank you with all my heart that you have Pitched 
upon a Person whom I take to bee soe Every Way fitted for y r ser 
vice. I pray God to Direct him in all the performances of his duty to 
y e Edification and Comfort of you all. And I pray you to be assured 
that Nothing shall be wanting on my parte to answer all that lies in 
my power to doe for you ; that itt will be therefore your fault if any 
parte of my Service be deficient to y e best of my Ability. As to your 
Bells I will use my utmost Endeavour to procure them for you ; though 

C 91 1 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

you cannot but know that the great Scarcity of Money here with us 
att Present will make it Impossible to Accomplish such a Worke sud 
denly. In the meantime, I should be glad to know whether you have 
considered what Defect you are able to make up of yourselves, and 
whether there are Carpenters with you skillful enough to hang them 
up, I pray God to reward you for your pious care you have already 
taken which shall want no Encouragement from the utmost care of 

Gent" 
Your most assured friend 

and faithfull Servant. 

H : LONDON. 
To 

The Vestry and Church Wardens 
of the Church att New Torke. 

London, August \6th, 1697. 
Gentlemen, 

I DOE most heartily thank you for your choice you have made of 
Mr. Vesey to be your Minister ; for I take him to be a man every way 
capacitated to doe you Service by his Ministry, and therefore I have 
most gladly Conferr'd holy orders upon him, and Now Recommend 
him back to your favorable Reception Praying to God that the Exercise 
of his function amongst you may powerfully work to the Salvation of 
every one of you, and of all that hear him. And I beseech you to be 
lieve that I am most sincerely purposed to omit no occasion of doing 
you all the service that lyes in my way and power Nor can you oblige 
me more than laying your commands for that purpose, upon 

Gentlemen 
Your most assured Friend 

and hearty Servant 

H : LONDON. 

To the Gentlemen of New Torke 
The Church Wardens 13 Vestry of 
the Church there established. 

At a meeting held Friday, December 24, 1697, these documents were 
presented to the city vestry, the call of Mr. Vesey was renewed, and 
the governor requested to induct him into the office of minister of the 
city and rector of Trinity Church. This was done on Christmas Day 

c 92 : 




BENJAMIN MOORE 

in the Dutch Church on Garden Street, as Trinity Church was not 
yet completed. The witnesses were the Rev. Henricus Selyns, pas 
tor of the Dutch Church, and the Rev. John Peter Nucella, pastor of 
the Dutch Church at Kingston. It is probable the ceremony was in 
Latin, all the official documents being in that language. After his in 
duction Mr. Vesey held services in the Dutch Church at hours which 
did not interfere with those of the Dutch congregation until the com 
pletion of the parish church in the spring of 1698. On Sunday, March 
13, 1698, thefirst service was held and the Holy Communion celebrated 
in Trinity Church. The event is noted in the records of the parish, and 
it is further stated that Mr. Vesey, in the course of the service, "did 
declare before his Congregation his unfeigned assent and consent to 
all and every thing contained in and by the book Entituled the book of 
Common Prayer," and also "did read a certificate from the Rt. Rev 
erend father in God, Henry Lord Bishop of London that he had sub 
scribed the acknowledgement or Declaration according to the act of 
uniformity." 

Mr. Vesey was now in a position of very great influence. The men 
who founded Trinity Church and largely made up the congregation 
were leaders in the affairs of the province and the city. He appears to 
have acquired great popularity and attracted many to the Church . Colo 
nel Caleb Heathcote, a warden and vestryman of the parish, a member 
of the governor's council, and for one term mayor of New York, says: 

He is not only a very excellent Preacher, but was always very care- 
full never to mix in his sermons anything improper to be delivered 
out of the Pulpit. " In his relations with Governor Fletcher, Mr. Vesey 
was very happy, but when the Earl of Bellomont succeeded that gov 
ernor, in his excess of zeal for the partisans of Leisler, and detestation 
of all who were the friends of Colonel Fletcher, the earl included the 
rector of Trinity Church in the denunciations he sent to the officials in 
England. In a letter written from Boston July 22, 1699, Bellomont says : 

" Vesey 's father lives near this town, is a most violent Jacobite and 
perhaps the boldest and most avowed one that has been known any 
where. The indictment (for he was try'd convict and sentenced to 
stand in the Pillory for uttering desperate words against his Majesty) 
is worth your Lordship's reading, a copy whereof goes (No. 4) tho' it 
be not a constant rule that the same principles descend from father to 
son, yet it must be granted that where a son is bred up to the age of a 

C 93 I! 



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man under an ill father, 'tis extraordinary if the son do not imbibe 
ill principles from the ill man his father." [New York Colonial Docu 
ments, vol. iv, p. 534.] 

The governor was constantly complaining about Mr. Vesey . After the 
departure for England of the Rev. Godfrey Dellius, the Dutch minis 
ter at Albany, to defend himself against the accusations of the earl, 
he wrote to the Lords of Trade : 

* ' My Lieutenant Governor writes me that Vesey has left me out of 
his prayers, as Governour, and prays for Dellius by name, both in the 
Common Prayer and afterwards in the pulpit, desiring God to give 
him a prosperous voyage, to deliver him from the violence of his en 
emies and send him back again to his flock. This is such an insolence 
as I must desire your Lordships will please join with me to have this 
man deprived, for it cannot be thought that I will ever go to Church 
while that fellow continues Minister there." [New York Colonial Doc 
uments, vol. iv, p. 534.] 

It is a pleasure to record that the intervention of friends and a letter 
from the Bishop of London brought about a better state of feeling be 
tween the governor and the rector, and that a few months before his 
death, in March, 1701, Lord Bellomont attended Trinity Church. 

In a letter to Colonel Francis Nicholson, then governor of Virginia, 
written in June, 1702, Mr. Vesey thus mentions the new governor, 
Lord Cornbury, and the growth of the parish : 

"Our Church daily increases, and in a very wonderful manner. 
My Lord has ordered his chaplain, Mr. Mott, and Mr. Bresack, to 
preach in our church one part of the day. We have prayers on Wednes 
days and Fridays, and catechising every Sunday in the afternoon. 
Mr. Huddlestone, the schoolmaster, brings all his schollars to church 
in order, and those I have formed, with many others, into 3 distinct 
classes, according to Dr. Bray's proposal, by which means I hope to 
compose the most glorious church in America." [New York Tran 
scripts, vol. i, pp. 14, 15, Archives of the General Convention.] 

From the time when Lord Cornbury permitted his chaplains to assist 
in Trinity Church, Mr. Vesey had a succession of able men to help 
him in his duties : John Sharpe, who became chaplain in October, 
1704, and who was the projector of the first public library in the city ; 
Robert Jenney, alsochaplain and subsequently rector of Christ Church, 
Philadelphia ; James Wetmore, afterward the devoted rector of Rye ; 

C 94 H 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

Thomas Colgan, afterward the rector of Jamaica ; and Richard Charl- 
ton, who afterward was for nearly thirty years rector of St. Andrew's, 
Staten Island. 

The bright expectations of the rector in regard to the new governor 
were not realized. Lord Cornbury's administration was inefficient, and 
in December, 1708, he was superseded by John, Lord Lovelace, a 
nephew of a former governor, who, however, died in May, 1709, from 
cold and exposure while his vessel lay off Sandy Hook. His burial was 
from Trinity Church, and the rector preached the funeral sermon. 
The relations between Mr. Vesey and Brigadier Robert Hunter, who 
became governor in June, 1710, were at first cordial, but differences 
soon developed, mainly owing to the tardiness of the governor in tak 
ing measures to apprehend those who had desecrated Trinity Church 
in 1713. A parishioner thus complained to General Nicholson: 

"His Excellency, notwithstanding the unexampled affront to reli 
gion, has neither sent, writ, nor spoke to Mr. Vesey, that I can learn, 
on this affair ; so that you'll be pleased to judge, Sir, what favor or 
protection he is to hope for of our church by the treatment of our min 
ister. I have always looked on Mr. Vesey to be a religious, good man ; 
valuable to his parishioners and inoffensive in his conversation, and 
if a testimonal of this were required his parishioners in general would 
be desirous to do him justice." '[Documentary History of New York, 
vol. w, p. 277.] 

This incident marked the beginning of the ill feeling between the rec 
tor and the governor. In 1712 the governor determined that the dese 
crated fort chapel should be cleansed and put in order so that the gar 
rison might have a suitable place of worship, as there was no room 
for the soldiers in Trinity Church. The rector, unfortunately, regarded 
this laudable work as an attempt to withdraw worshippers from the 
parish church. In consequence the governor laid the matter before the 
Venerable Society in a letter addressed to the secretary. Other letters 
upholding the governor and condemning Mr. Vesey were sent to the 
authorities in England. In them Mr. Vesey's hasty temper, domineer 
ing manner, capricious nature, and grasping disposition are noted. In 
them also is revived the legend, which was first put into print by Judge 
Atwood ten years previously, that Mr. Vesey was originally a Dis 
senting minister, that he was a special favourite with Dr. Increase 
Mather of Harvard University and Boston, and sent by him upon his 

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HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

graduation ' ' to confirm the minds of those who had run over for their 
convenience from New England to this Province, for Mr. Mather hav 
ing advice that there was a minister of the Established Church of Eng 
land come over in the quality of Chaplain of the Forces, and fearing 
that the Common Prayer and hated ceremonies of our Church might 
gain ground, he spared no pains or care to spread the warmest of his 
emissaries through the Province ." [Documentary History of New York, 
vol. it, p. 265.] 

So bitter was the strife, and so unpleasant were the relations between 
the governor and the rector, that in March, 1713, the Rev. John Sharpe 
sailed for England, not only to attend to pressing private business, 
but also to present Governor Hunter's representations upon this sub 
ject to the ministers of the Queen, the Bishop of London, and other 
dignitaries. Mr. Vesey and many of the vestry and others in Trinity 
Church, considering the state of affairs as critical both for the rector 
and the parish, determined that Mr. Vesey should go to England 
to defend his character and uphold the rights and privileges of the 
Church as a corporate body, which they regarded as imperilled by 
the course of the governor. Mr. Vesey accordingly sailed for England 
in June, 1714. The Rev. John Talbot of Burlington, New Jersey, says, 
in a letter to a Virginia friend, under date of July 17, 1714: 

' * Bro' Vesey y e Rector of Trinity Church at New York is fled be 
fore the Philistins. He has gott the Generals [Nicholson] letters 'tis 
now 3 weeks ago since he Sail'd, God Speed him well and then No 
More Need go upon that account Now there 's no Minister of our 
Church at New York but we serve it by turns next month I shall 
be there, meanwhile I have Enough to do to Keep the peace of the 
Churches at Philad a and New York we have so many Adversarys with 
out and within." [New Jersey Colonial Documents, vol. iv, p. 224, as 
quoted in Dix*s History of Trinity Parish, vol. i, p. 191 .] 

Mr. Vesey was able to vindicate his conduct. He conferred with the 
law officers of the Crown as to the charter and rights of the corporation 
of Trinity Church, and received from them satisfactory assurance 
that they would be maintained. His intercourse with Dr. John Rob 
inson, the Bishop of London, was particularly agreeable and confi 
dential. On January 24, 171^, Mr. Vesey was appointed commissary 
of the Bishop of London for the Province of New York. The chief duty 
of a commissary was the visitation and oversight of the clergy, with 

C 96 ] 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

limited authority for discipline, and with the right to summon them to 
meet him in Convention. By this method the Bishop of London hoped 
to exercise a part of his functions for his transatlantic flock. It was an 
expedient which it was expected would be temporary, as it was hoped 
some plan would be devised under which Bishops might be consecrated 
for the colonies. Mr. Vesey was detained in London by a severe ill 
ness, where he was tenderly cared for and a gratuity given to him by 
the Venerable Society to enable him to defray his unexpected expenses. 
It also granted fifty pounds a year toward the salary of an assistant 
minister. In response to a request by Bishop Robinson, in a letter to 
the Rev. Mr. Poyer of Jamaica, services were maintained in Trinity 
Church by Mr. Talbot, Mr. Halliday, Mr. Thomas, Mr. Bartow, and 
Mr. Poyer. 

Mr. Vesey arrived in New York in November, 1715, and was given 
a cordial welcome by members of the parish and others. The city 
vestry had refused to draw the warrants on the churchwardens for 
the salary due to Mr. Vesey, as he had gone to England "without 
Liberty." Under the compulsion of a mandate from King George I, 
"given at our Court of St. James's the nineteenth day of August, 
1715, "to Governor Hunter, the city vestry, at its meeting December 
16, after receiving and reading a communication from the governor 
and the royal missive, debated " whether the Board should immedi 
ately proceed to the payment of the money mentioned in his Majesty's 
letter, or first examine into the truth of the suggestions of Mr. Vesey 's 
Petition on which his Majesty's Lre was granted." With a single 
exception, that of Cornelius Lodge, it was decided "that Mr. Vesey 
be pleased to acquaint the Board with those affairs of the Church 
that called him home." The vestry of Trinity Church then sent a 
memorial to Governor Hunter, in which the facts were set forth and 
comments made upon the strange disregard of the King's command 
and the acts of Assembly governing the city vestry. Of the demand 
made by the city vestry it is said : ' * Nor is their request to our Rector, 
Mr. Vesey, less unreasonable to lay before their Board the affairs of 
the Church that called him home, the consequence of which would 
be the submitting her affairs to the judgement of persons that are not 
of her Communion. "The church vestry assure the governor that 
' * they doubt not but your excellency will take effectual care, that the 
just dues and maintainance of our Minister may be paid pursuant 

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to the laws and his Majesty's royal commands." It was not until 
August, 1716, that the governor succeeded in his efforts to have the 
warrants drawn for Mr. Vesey's salary, which was soon after paid 
in full. This was the last contention of the church or of the rector with 
the civil authority. 

Mr. Vesey's power and influence in the city and province were largely 
increased by his journey to England. As commissary he was diligent, 
and counselled the clergy judiciously as he visited their parishes. In 
1722, in answer to the questions propounded by the Bishop of Lon 
don to all of the colonial clergy, he says: "The extent of my parish 
is 14 miles in length and in it are supposed to be 1600 Familys of 
English, Dutch and Jews, also 1362 Indian and Negro slaves, and 
for their conversion the Honourable Society appointed a catechist to 
instruct them in the principles of Christianity." The "Sacrament of 
the Lord's Supper was administered every six weeks," with an aver 
age attendance of one hundred communicants. The ordinary services 
were held "every Sunday, holiday, Wednesday and Friday in the 
year. ' ' The increase of congregations made necessary the enlargement 
of the church in 1722, and again in 1737, when it assumed the di 
mensions of one hundred and forty-eight feet in length and seventy- 
two in width. It is mentioned by contemporary writers as a well- 
proportioned, stately, and dignified edifice. 

In 1733 political parties were sharply opposed to each other in the 
city of New York. The opposition to the Church of England and to 
the court party used the weekly "Journal," published by John Peter 
Zenger, as the vehicle of their satire and abuse. Among other writers 
for that paper was the Rev. Alexander Campbell, missionary at Brook- 
haven on Long Island. He considered himself superior to other of the 
clergy in the province, as having the friendship of Governor Cosby 
and his family. For some reason he fancied that he had been slighted 
by the rector of New York. Veiling his censure and malice under an 
attack upon the competency of Thomas Noxon to be clerk of the par 
ish and master of the Charity School, he issued in 1733 a pamphlet 
filled with abuse of Mr. Vesey, in which he accused him of scandal 
ous living, usury, unfair trading, neglect of duty, narrowness of mind, 
and deficiency of learning, and demanded the Bishop of London and 
vestry to remove him from his rectorship. Mr. Noxon replied in a 
broadside of "Observations" which were both caustic and acute. In 

: 98 : 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

his "Vindication" Mr. Campbell repeated, in an aggravated form, 
his accusations, and dwelt upon the greed for money which caused 
Mr. Vesey to renounce his Dissenting principles for the sake of the 
rich rectorship of New York. The clergy of the province united in a 
protest against the Brookhaven missionary, and requested the com 
missary to take official cognizance of it. In a letter to the Venerable 
Society, Mr. Vesey writes temperately of the occurrence, and in the 
following paragraph show r s the falsity of the charge that he had ever 
been a Dissenter: 

' ' I have been a communicant of the Church of England ever since 
I was 15 years old, and after I had my degree in the College of New 
England, by advice of some of our Churches (not being of age to re 
ceive Orders) I preached 6 months at Sag and 2 years at Hempstead in 
this Province, where, I presume, my Life and Doctrine were no dis 
service to our Church, and after 3 months in the Church at Boston, at 
the request of Mr. Miles and the Church Wardens ; and then, being 
in the 24th year of my age, I was called, November 2d, 1696, by 
the Church Wardens and Vestry of the City of New York to officiate 
as minister pursuant to an act of Assembly, as will appear by the in 
closed minute of said Assembly and Vestry. Accordingly, I departed 
hence for England, there was honored by the University of Oxford 
with the degree of Master of Arts, July 12, 1696. Ordained Priest 
ye 2d of August following, and the same year I returned to the City 
of New York." [JWw York Transcripts, vol. ii, as quoted in Dix*s 
History of Trinity Parish, vol. i, p. 105.] 

To this may be well added a note from the pastor of his boyhood, 
Rev. Samuel Myles, as given in the "Manuscripts of the Propaga 
tion Society," volume ix, page 360 : 

I should be wanting in my Duty to religion, and ye Rev'd Mr. Vesey, 
whose conversation and manner of life I have had certain knowledge 
of, from his Youth should I not embrace this opportunity of recom 
mending him as a very worthy person to ye venerable Society, whose 
behaviour has been circumspect and unblamable, his conduct grave 
and prudent ; his diligence unwearied in his ministerial function, and 
in a word thro' out his whole Course has been a pattern of the Chris 
tian Life and an honour of our Church. I therefore hope and pray 
that no misrepresentations and asperssions of such who to serve a turn 

c 99 : 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

make fair pretences, and Cover their abominable intentions with the 
most artfull dissimulation, may sully his reputation or prejudice his 
Interest in ye least. And in good hopes yt he shall receive all necessary 
encouragement and obtain a safe and quiet settlement for ye time to 
come I remain your most humble, most obedient, most faithful serv't. 

SAMUEL MYLES. 

Although Mr. Campbell was censured, removed from his mission, 
and disappeared from the province, the new currency given by him to 
the story of Mr. Vesey's defection from Dissent caused writers upon 
the history of the state and the city from that date to this to state it as 
a fact. It is only another evidence of the truth of the adage that an his 
torical lie is the hardest to kill. Even so careful an investigator as Dr. 
George H. Moore, in his articles on the Church in New York in the 
"Historical Magazine," in 1867, takes the statementfor granted. The 
Rev. Dr. Charles A. Briggs of the Union Theological Seminary pub 
lished, in the "Magazine of American History" for January, 1885, 
a summary from his work on American Presbyterianism, then in the 
press, in which he repeated and expanded the old accusation, giving 
to Colonel Fletcher, "a bigot to the Episcopal form of Church Govern 
ment," and the "able, genial, but crafty, Colonel Heathcote" the full 
credit for winning Mr. Vesey over, and thus betraying the Puritans, 
who with the Dutch formed the majority of the inhabitants of the city 
of New York. When Dr. Briggs's volume appeared in which the same 
accusations were made, it was subjected to a rigid examination by the 
Rev. Dr. Benjamin F. De Costa, a careful student of American his 
tory, who had in the course of his researches made discoveries of many 
forgotten documents. In the archives of the Propagation Society in 
London and at Fulham Dr. De Costa found full refutation under the 
signature of William Vesey. He investigated the family history, which 
corroborated the commissary's statements, and embodied the results of 
his research in his paper on the Church in New York read during the 
centennial celebration of the diocese in October, 1885, and in a fuller 
paper before the New York Historical Society in February, 1886. Dr. 
De Costa's conclusions were incorporated into Dr. Dix's "History of 
Trinity Parish, ' ' and form the basis for the fuller study which has been 
made in the preparation of this notice. Mr. Campbell's outburst was 
the last disturbance experienced by Mr. Vesey. His remaining years 

[ 100 ] 






BENJAMIN MOORE 

were passed quietly and busily in discharging his double duty as com 
missary and rector. He had the happiness of seeing growth in every 
parish in the province, and Trinity Church so well filled at every ser 
vice that the building of a chapel of ease was seriously discussed and 
preliminary plans prepared. In his seventieth year his old-time vig 
our began to fail, and he left the details of parish work to his capable 
assistant, Mr. Charlton. In July, 1745, the wardens of St. Andrew's 
Church, Staten Island, who desired the commissary to investigate 
matters in that parish , wrote to the Venerable Society that * ' Mr. Vesey 
is grown ancient, infirm, and unable to travel." The last letter written 
by him to the Venerable Society was dated November 27, 1745. In 
it he takes this retrospect of his life : 

" Revd. Sir, here I must beg leave to observe to you that in the year 
of Our Lord 1697 I was ordained by Dr. Compton the then Bishop of 
London, and sent here by his Lordship to officiate at Trinity Church 
in the City of New York ; at which time, besides this Church and 
Chapel in the port, one church in Philadelphia, and one other in Bos 
ton, I don't remember to have heard of one building erected to the pub 
lic worship of God on this northern continent of America, from Mary 
land, where the Church was established by a law of the Provinces, to 
the east-most bounds of Nova Scotia, which I believe in length is 800 
miles . And now most of these provinces or colonies have many churches , 
which, against all opposition, increase and flourish, under miraculous 
influence of Heaven. I make no doubt it will give a vast pleasure to the 
Honble Society to observe the wonderful blessing of God on their pious 
cares and endeavours to promote the Christian Religion in these remote 
and dark corners of the world ; and the great success that by the con 
comitant power of the Holy Ghost has attended the faithful labours of 
their Missionaries in the conversion of so many from the vile errors 
and wicked practices to the faith of Christ and the obedience of his 
Gospel." [Manuscripts of the Propagation Society, quoted in Dix's 
History of Trinity Parish, vol. i,p. 230.] 

William Vesey entered into rest on Friday, July 11, 1746, in the 
seventy-second year of his age and the fiftieth of his ministry. 

In the sermon preached by the Rev. Dr. Barclay, on the Twenty- 
fifth Sunday after Trinity, November 23, 1746, the Sunday after 
his induction, is this sketch of his predecessor. The original is now 
in the archives of Trinity Parish. 

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HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

"He was courteous and affable in his Deportment, Humble and 
Modest, meek and Gentle, whilst at the same time he retain'd an aw- 
fulness that commanded the Respect and veneration of all that con- 
vers'd with him. He was strictly just and honest in all his Dealings, 
most faithful and constant in his friendships for which he was most 
excellently Qualified by those Eminent vertues he was possess'd of. 

"As to his Behaviour in Publick life in the Discharge of the sev 
eral Duties of his Holy Function none of you can be Ignorant of his 
Fidelity unwearied Diligence and constant Application. For you have 
all known his Doctrine and manner of Life. His Discourses were 
Rational and Demonstrative clear and full of Light, Persuasive and 
moving; He always look'd upon himself as a Christian Preacher, 
and therefore as he fail'd not to impress the Practice of Moral Vertue, 
so he was careful to do Justice to Christianity, neither the weakness 
of his Body, nor the Infirmities that attended his advanced age, did 
hinder him from the Exercise of his Function even when he was 
so weak that he could scarce get up into the Pulpit by reason of the 
great Fatigue he underwent in visiting the Sick and Dying in the 
Late Contagious Distemper that afflicted this City, which greatly Im- 
pair'd his health and brought upon him that Distemper that put 
an end to his Life and Ministry together. ' ' [Sketch of Henry Barclay, 
by Joseph Hooper, The Church Eclectic, July, 1906,/>. 255.] 

The fullest obituary of the first rector of Trinity Church was in the 
"New York Weekly Journal." No copy of the number in which it 
appeared is known to be in existence, but the notice was copied into 
the records of Trinity Parish and thus preserved. 

"Fryday Morning Last (after a lingering Indisposition) Departed 
this Life, in the 72d year of his age the Revd Mr. Commissary Vesey 
who was Rector of Trinity Church in this City from its first Building 
in the year 1697 to the day of his death. During which time he consci 
entiously performed the great Dutys of his office with Unwearied 
Diligence And Uncommon Abilities to the Generall Satisfaction and 
applause of all ; and as he had been a great Instrument in promoting 
the Building and Settlement of the Church (when there were but few 
of the Established Religion here) so by the Blessing of God upon his 
pious and Earnest Endeavors he had the satisfaction to see the Con 
gregation from time to time Increase, the Building enlarged and 
Beautified; and now at last the inward pleasure of leaving in peace 

C 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

and order one of the largest and finest Churches in America, with 
a very considerable congregation, who justly lament their almost Ir 
reparable loss in him, who in his private life also was truly a good 
liver, of a grave, thoughtful, prudent and Discreet Disposition, yet 
very affable chearfull and Good Nature in his Conversation. A most 
Tender Affectionate Husband, a good indulgent Master, a faithful 
friend and Beneficient to all. His Corps was last Saturday Decently 
interred in the Family Vault attended by several gentlemen of his 
Majesty's Councill, most of the principal Magistrates and Chiefest 
of all the Inhabitants, and as he always lived a faithful Soldier and 
Servant to his great Lord and Master so he in his sickness with great 
Patience, Resolution and Constancy of Mind, and in his last moments 
(sensible) Chearfully Resigned his soul into his hand who summoned 
him hence to receive the eulogy mentioned in the Gospel, ' Well done 
thou good and faithfull servant enter thou into the joy of thy lord.' ' 
In the "New York Weekly Post Boy" for July 14, 1746, there 
was a brief announcement of the death of Mr. Vesey. In the number 
for July 31, 1746, this fuller notice appeared. The initials are those of 
Moses Clement, of whom no particulars are now available. 

MR. PARKER, 

IT is desired from your Press that the Commemoration of a Faith 
ful Follower of our Blessed Jesus, written herein, may be with the 
Occurrences to the Public inserted. 

M.C. 

In Coelis Divino Splendet Honore. 

As the All-wise God hath bin pleased to take hence the Soul of the 
Reverend Mr. William Vesey, Rector of H. Trinity Church within the 
Limits of the City of New York, even from the complete Structure of 
its Foundation in the last Century ; and Commissary to the Bishop of 
London in this remote part of his Lordship's Diocess : therefore it is 
proposed for piously perpetuating the remembrance of him so departed ; 
Of which summarily. This very excellent Pastor, through the course 
of nigh fifty years in his ministerial function, did credit, to assert truly, 
our Holy Religion, he having bin studious of that which the most ex 
pedite and useful Rules of practising all Christian Duties, from his lively 
sense thereof; and did like a Wise Steward of the Divine Mysteries dis 
pense to Every One his Portion of such in due Season : So that his ac- 

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HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

count is now Honourable for his Glorious Reward in the Beatific Man 
sions. To recompense our loss and in part supply the want, we must 
expect of him, it will be the discreet and careful imitating of his great 
Virtues after his Death, as such we justly had reason to admire and 
praise the Most High for in his Life ; which now at length being closed, 
we who survive him should do all possible Honour to his Memory, 
and thence after his bright Pattern, pass and end our Days in obediently 
doing the Will of God, so to be innocent and unblameable, as to qualify 
ourselves for that happy Commendation of Our Benign Saviour. 
BLESSED is that Servant whom his Lord when he cometh, shall find so 
doing : as his Holy Evangelists have recorded, a Subject applicable to 
the Occasion of performing the Funeral Solemnity of this late Worthy 
Guide to be commemorated, and which before a numerous Audience, 
was the day after becomingly treated on. 

Gloria sit omnis 
DEO. 

The following brief notice with its misprints is from the * * New York 
Evening Post" for Monday, July 14, 1746: 

New York 

On Thursday last departed this Life the Rev d William Vesey, rector 
of Trinity Church and commissory of the Province of New York in the 
seventy-second year of his age, and on Saturday was decently entered 
into the Family Vault ; he has been a Preacher of the Gospel for this 
Fifty years ; his Death is much lamented by most of his Congregation. 
[ TheNew York Evening Post, No. 86, containing Freshest Advices, For 
eign and Domestick, Monday July 14, 1746.] 

The notice in the * ' Boston News Letter ' ' for Thursday, July 24, 1 746, 
read: 

"On Friday morning last (after a lingering Indisposition) departed 
this Life in the 72 d year of his age, the Reverend Mr. Commissary 
Vesey, who was Rector of Trinity Church in this City, from its first 
building in the year 1 69 7 ; to the Day of his Death ; during which Time 
he conscientiously performed the great Duties of his Office with in 
creased Diligence, and the common abilities to the general satisfaction 
and applause of all." 

Mr. Vesey was married in March, 1696, to Mary, a daughter of 

C 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

Captain Lawrence Reade, who came to New York in 1691 from St. 
Michael's, Barbados. He was a wealthy merchant and vestryman of 
Trinity Church. His son Joseph was also a merchant, and vestryman 
and warden of Trinity Church. 

No children were born to the Rev. and Mrs. Vesey. After his death 
Mrs. Vesey married the Hon. Daniel Hoss, chief justice of the prov 
ince. She died July 20, 1760. In an obituary in the "New York Mer 
cury, "Monday, July 28, 1760, it is said: 

"Many and valuable were her good Qualities, as well moral as 
religious ; as a Christian, she entertain 'd just and exalted Sentiments 
of the Truths and Grace of the Gospel, and acquiesced in the divine 
Administration and Government with a becoming Reverence and 
Submission. Hence she was religious, pious, benevolent and exem 
plary in her Life and Manners ; patient and resigned to the last tho' 
much afflicted, breathing after immortality and entirely weaned from 
every mortal Attachment. As a friend she was Constant, sincere, 
open, candid and impartial; as a Wife affectionate, discreet, oblig 
ing and complaisant, and in her whole Deportment affable, agreeable, 
amiable and courteous. At length, the Lamp of Life being quite 
exhausted, she obtained that Release from her bodily Infirmities, 
which she most ardently prayed for, and 'tis hoped now enjoys that 
Felicity, which is the End and Aim of every true Christian." 

The only known publication of Commissary Vesey is the sermon 
preached at the funeral of Governor Lovelace. It was republished in 
the "Collections of the New York Historical Society" for 1880, page 
323 . The title-page of the original edition is : 

"A Sermon Preached in Trinity Church in New York, in Amer 
ica, May 12,1709. At the funeral of the Right Honourable John Lord 
Lovelace, Barron of Hurley, Her Majesties Capt. General and Gov- 
ernour in Chief of the Provinces of New York &? New Jersey, and 
the Territories and Tracts of Land depending thereon in America, and 
Vice- Admiral of the same. By William Vesey, A. M. and Rector of 
the City of New York. Printed and Sold by William Bradford**, the 
sign of the Bible in New York 1709." 

The text was, "Mark the perfect and behold the upright, for the 
end of that man is peace." After a general consideration of the ter 
rors of death, he described the good man and attributed his qualities 
to Lord Lovelace. 

C 105 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Robert Jenney. 

See notice on St. George's Church, Hempstead, Volume II, page 259, 
and also notice on page 34 in this volume. 

James Wetmore. 
See notice on page 38. 

Thomas Colgan. 

See notice on Grace Church, Jamaica, Volume II, page 279, also the 
notice on page 42. 

Richard Charlton. 

See notice on St. Andrew's Church, Richmond, Staten Island, Vol 
ume II, page 296. 

Henry Barclay. 

See notice in Volume I, page 7. 

Samuel Auchmuty. 

See sketch in Volume I, page 3. 

Samuel Johnson. 

See notice in Volume III, page 528. 

Charles Inglis. 

Charles, a son of the Rev. Archibald Inglis of Glen and Kilcarr, Ire 
land, was born in the rectory of that parish, in 1734. It is uncertain 
whether he graduated from Trinity College, Dublin. The narrow in 
come of his father and the depressed condition of the Church of Ire 
land determined Charles to come to America while still a very young 
man. He became master of the Free School in Lancaster, Pennsyl 
vania, under the auspices of the Rev. Thomas Barton, rector of the 
parish and missionary throughout that region. By him and others of 
the Pennsylvania clergy Mr. Inglis was encouraged to study for the 
holy ministry. He sailed for England in the autumn of 1758, and 
was made deacon and ordained priest by the Rt. Rev. Dr. Thomas 
Sherlock, Bishop of London. His license to officiate in the Plantations 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

is dated December 24, 1758. He returned in the spring of 1759, after 
a very rough and long voyage. He had been assigned by the Vener 
able Society to Kent County, then one of the "three lower counties of 
Pennsylvania, "as the present State of Delaware was called. It was 
thirty-three miles in length and ten in breadth, with a population of 
seven thousand, only one-third of whom professed any allegiance to 
the Church of England. He made his home at Dover, but served three 
other churches, which were distant seventeen or eighteen miles from 
that town in different directions. 

In a letter to the Venerable Society under date of July 26, 1763, 
which may be found in Perry's "Papers relating to the Church in 
Delaware," page 112, he gives an interesting account of the results 
of his labours. 

In November, 1764, he thus mentioned the prospect of his removal 
and the reasons which inclined him to consider the proposal favour 
ably : 

' You have heard, no doubt, by this time that I had an invitation 
lately to settle at New York, as the present Rector, Churchwardens, 
& Vestry of Trinity Church, in that City, probably wrote to the So 
ciety to have me fixed there as Catechist, in the room of the Rev d 
M r . Auchmuty, now Rector. The whole of that affair I shall lay be 
fore you, in as few words as possible. 

"In February last, I was married to a most amiable, Excellent 
Woman, of the first family in the place. The unhealthiness of this 
Situation impaired her Constitution much, which was naturally deli 
cate & tender ; & this, joined to the bad State of Health I have had 
for some time past, made me think of Soliciting the Society for a Re 
moval to a more healthy Mission. While I was deliberating on this, 
an Express brought me a Letter, on the second of August, from the 
Churchwardens of Trinity Church , in New York, wrote at the request 
of D r . Barclay, their rector, 'requesting my assistance two or three 
'Sundays, as D r . Barclay was very ill & unable to officiate,' and as they 
were ' then looking out for another Minister, they hoped their Vestry 
' & I would come to an Agreement, & that 1 would remain among 
'them, if inclined to leave this Place.' This was entirely unsolicited 
by me, for I was not personally known to any of them, nor did I ever 
know they wanted another Minister. 

"In consequence of their Request, I set out for New York the 1 1 th of 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

that month ; but being unexpectedly detained a week in Philadelphia, 
which was in my way, they sent one of their Vestry to hasten me. 
But before I could set out, an account came of D r . Barclay's Death. 
Embarrassed at this Event, I intended to return without proceeding 
further, as I judged the church must have been in some confusion. 
However, D r . Smith, the worthy Provost of the College in Philadelphia, 
advised me to proceed, & promised to go with me. Accordingly, we 
set out, and reached New York the 24 th . There I staid & officiated two 
Sundays. During this Interval, a vestry was called. M r . Auchmuty was 
chose Rector. I was chose assistant to him, & catechist, provided the 
Society approved of me for that office. I accepted their offer, in case 
the Society would appoint me Catechist, for I would by no means leave 
their Service. When this was done, I set out with D r . Smith for home, 
intending spedily to return to NewYork, stay a few Sundays there, 
& afterwards continue here till spring, &. by that time the Society's 
Pleasure could be known. 

"On my return home, I found the utmost discontent among my 
people at hearing of my intended Removal. This, with the Inconven 
iences to the Mission which must attend my removal at this Junc 
ture, staggered me much. Nor could anything have induced me to 
persist in my resolution but my anxiety for a person's health, whose 
Life &, happiness were dearer to me than my own. 

"About 3 weeks after my return home, M rs . Inglis was taken with 
a violent Bilious Fever, which baffled every Effort to stop it, & on the 
13 th of October put an end to her Life. This Melancholy Event made 
a great change in the state of my affairs. My people renewed their 
Solicitations to continue among them, as the principal cause of my 
going away was now removed. The Congregation of Duck Creek de 
clared they would lay aside all thoughts of finishing their Church if 
I removed, tho' the windows are now glazed. The Congregations of 
S'. Paul's & Christ church grew sullen & would do nothing. ' ' [Perry's 
Papers relating to the Church in Delaware , p. 115.] 

At length the persistence of the members of Trinity vestry, and the 
certainty that he would never recover his spirits while in Dover, in 
clined Mr. Inglis to accept the renewed election on June 7, 1765, as 
assistant and catechist in Trinity Church. He found congenial friends 
in New York, and with the Rev. Samuel Seabury of Jamaica and 
the Rev. Thomas Bradbury Chandler of Elizabeth Town he formed 

C 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

enduring friendships. In the meetings of the Voluntary Conventions 
of the clergy he took an active part. 

He realized the pressing need of an American Episcopate, and formu 
lated an intelligent plan for it. In a letter to Dr. White, October 22, 
1783, he thus comments on "The Case of the Episcopal Churches," 
which had been issued in the previous year by the rector of Christ 
Church, Philadelphia : 

" Some years since, I drew up a Plan for an American Episcopate, 
which met with the Approbation of several of the most respectable 
Characters in England, as well as America. Give me leave to tran 
scribe a few Extracts from it, which will partly convey my Senti 
ments on the Subject. It was proposed in that Plan 

' That two or more Protestant Bishops of the Church of England 
be appointed to reside in America. 

' That they are not to have any temporal authority whatever, nor 
interfere with the Rights or Emoluments of Governors. 

' That their proper Business shall be to Ordain and Superintend 
the Clergy, and Confirm such as chuse to be Confirmed. 

'That they may hold Visitations, assemble the Clergy of their 
respective Dioceses in Convocations, where the Clergy shall be their 
Assessors or Assistants ; and that in those Convocations such matters 
only shall be transacted as relate to the Conduct of the Clergy, or to 
the Order and Government of the Churches. 

' That they be vested with Authority to censure delinquent Cler 
gymen according to the Nature of their Offence ; and to proceed even 
to Deprivation, in cases which may require it, after a regular Trial ; 
the Courts in which such Trials are held, to consist of the Clergy 
of the Provinces respectively where the Delinquent Persons reside ; 
and the Bishop pronounce the sentence of Deprivation, according to 
Canon 122. '" \Perry V Half Century of the Legislation of the Ameri 
can Church, vol. Hi, p. 264.] 

In the controversy which arose over the sermon of the Rt. Rev. Dr. 
Ewer, Bishop of Llandaff, preached before the Venerable Propaga 
tion Society at the anniversary meeting in the Church of St. Mary 
le Bow, London, Friday, February 20, 1767, Mr. Inglis used his 
pen with much effect in a " Vindication ' ' against the attacks of the 
Congregationalist, Dr. Charles Chauncy of Boston, the Presbyterian, 
William Livingston of New York, and others, who needlessly feared 

109 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

the introduction of Bishops as a menace to the liberty of the people. 
In the same year Dr. Chandler published "An Appeal to the Public 
in Behalf of the Church of England," in which he showed that the 
American Bishops were to exercise only spiritual functions, which 
provoked a storm of opposition. Mr. Inglis came loyally to the support 
of his friend, although his letters and essays were published anony 
mously in the New York and Philadelphia papers. As the colonies 
grew more excited, and broadsides, pamphlets, and letters against the 
Church of England and the Crown were published, Mr. Inglis, with 
his friends, Dr. Chandler, Mr. Seabury, and Mr. Wilkins, then a judge 
in Westchester County, made a compact to watch closely "all pub 
lications and to obviate the evil influence of such as appeared to have 
a bad tendency by the speediest answers." "Free Thoughts upon the 
Congress" and "Letters of a Westchester Farmer" were a part of 
Mr. Seabury's contribution ; while "Plain Truth," by Mr. Inglis, in 
reply to "Common Sense," by Thomas Paine, had the distinction of 
being publicly burned in New York City by the Sons of Liberty. 

Mr. Inglis was careful and exact in his parochial duties. He won the 
esteem of Dr. Auchmuty and the respect of his parishioners. By the 
death of Dr. Ogilvie, in November, 1774, he became the senior as 
sistant minister, and in a memorial sermon paid a tribute of affection 
to his distinguished colleague. 

On the attitude of the loyalists, Professor William Jones Seabury 
justly remarks in his "Memoir of Bishop Seabury," page 133: 

"It has too often been overlooked that up to, and throughout the 
Revolution, men were simply differing as to the proper determination 
of open questions : and it has been in consequence too easily assumed 
that the success of one party not only determined those differences, 
but also proved that they always had been determined, and had been 
binding in right and conscience upon every member of the community, 
all the while. Hence these were traitors, and those were patriots. Al 
ways, however, there was difference of opinion; and it is more than 
doubtful whether the so-called patriotic opinions were ever held by 
the majority of all the Colonists. That such was the case in some places 
was no doubt true; but that it was so in all places would be difficult 
to prove, and I believe never has been proved. Certainly in the Pro 
vince of New York there was very reasonable ground for the feeling 
of those who stood by the existing order, that the opposition was main- 

no 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

tained by a faction which made up in noise what it lacked in num 
bers. And again it is not always considered that these differences of 
opinion related not merely to particular measures, but also principles 
much deeper than those of mere expediency, and such as concerned 
not only the integrity of the British Empire, but even the preserva 
tion of any kind of government. And more than all it ought to be re 
membered by those who stand for liberty, that nothing can be more 
abhorrent to a free man than the meddlesome assumption of authority 
by those who are but fellow citizens under the same government, and 
thus have no more right over him and his actions, than he has over 
them and their actions." 

The entry of the Continental Army into the city of New York , April 1 3 , 
1776, and the establishment of his headquarters at Richmond Hill 
by General Washington, caused consternation among the supporters 
of the British Crown. Many fled from the city with all their portable 
property, and placed their families in towns remote from the march 
of the contending armies. Dr. Auchmuty, then in failing health, went 
with his family to New Brunswick, New Jersey, and Mr. Inglis, after 
taking his wife and children to the home of relatives at New Wind 
sor on the Hudson River, retired to Flushing. As he could not consci 
entiously omit the prayers for the King and Royal Family, the parish 
church and chapels were closed. In a letter to the Rev. Dr. Hind, 
the Secretary of the Venerable Society, written from New York, Octo 
ber 31, 1776, Mr. Inglis says: 

"Upon General Howe's departure from Boston to Halifax, early in 
the last Spring, the rebel army was drawn to this city, which they 
fortified in the best manner they could, expecting it would be attacked. 
Most of the inhabitants, warned by these symptoms of the gathering 
storm, moved into the country, and carried their valuable effects with 
them. Among others, I moved my family, consisting of a wife and 
three small children, seventy miles up the Hudson River where they 
still remain, that part of the country being yet possessed by the rebels. 
Dr. Auchmuty the rector, being much indisposed during the Spring 
and Summer, retired with his family to Brunswick, in New Jersey; 
and the care of the churches in his absence of course devolved on me 
as the oldest assistant a situation truly difficult and trying in such 
times, especially as the other assistants were young and inexperienced, 
though very loyal and otherwise worthy young men. About the middle 

C i ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

of April, Mr. Washington, commander-in-chief of the rebel forces, 
came to town with a large reinforcement. Animated by his presence, 
and I suppose encouraged by him, the rebel committees very much 
harassed the loyal inhabitants here and on Long Island. They were 
summoned before those committees, and upon refusing to give up 
their arms and take the oaths that were tendered, they were imprisoned 
or sent into banishment. An army was sent to Long Island to disarm 
the inhabitants who were distinguished for their loyalty. Many had 
their property destroyed, and more were carried off prisoners. It should 
be observed that members of the Church of England were the only suf 
ferers on this occasion. The members of the Dutch church are very 
numerous there, and many of them joined in opposing the rebellion, 
yet no notice was taken of them, nor the least injury done to them. 
About this time Mr. Bloomer administered the sacrament at New 
ton, \vhere he had but four or five male communicants, the rest having 
been driven off or carried away prisoners. At this present time there 
are many hundreds from this city and province prisoners in New 
England ; among them the mayor of New York, several judges and 
members of his Majesty's council, with other respectable inhabitants. 

"Soon after Washington's arrival he attended our church ; but on 
Sunday morning, before divine service, one of the rebel generals called 
at the rector's house (supposing the latter in town), and not finding 
him, left word that he came to inform the rector that General Wash 
ington would be at church and would be glad if the violent prayers 
for the king and royal family were omitted. This message was brought 
to me, and, as you may suppose, I paid no regard to it. 

"On seeing that General, not long after, I remonstrated against the 
unreasonableness of his request, which he must know the clergy could 
not comply with, and told him further, that it was in his power to 
shut up our churches, but by no means in his power to make the 
clergy depart from their duty. This declaration drew from him an 
awkward apology for his conduct, which, I believe, was not author 
ized by Washington. Such incidents would not be worth mentioning, 
unless to give those who are at a distance a better idea of the spirit of 
the times. May 17th was appointed by the congress as a day of public 
fasting, prayer and humiliation throughout the continent. At the 
unanimous request of the members of our church who were then in 
town, I consented to preach that day, and, indeed, our situation made 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

it highly prudent, though a submission to an authority that was so far 
usurped was exceedingly grating and disagreeable. In giving notice 
the preceding Sunday, I only mentioned that there would be a sermon 
the ensuing Friday, which was the 17th, without saying anything of 
the reason or by what authority. It was exceedingly difficult for a loyal 
clergyman to preach on such an occasion, and not incur danger on 
the one hand, or not depart from his duty on the other. I endeavoured 
to avoid both, making peace and repentance my subject, and expli 
citly disclaiming having anything to do with politics. This sermon, 
in the composition of which I took much pains, I intend to publish, 
for various reasons, should I be able to recover it from the place where 
it is now, with all my books and papers in the country. The several 
churches in this province (except two where the clergymen thought 
they might without danger omit service), and so far as I can learn, 
through all the thirteen united colonies, as they are called, were opened 
on this occasion. 

"Matters now became critical here in the highest degree. The rebel 
army amounted to nearly 30,000. All their common and military stores 
were drawn hither, and they boasted that the place was impregnable. 
The mortifications and alarms which the clergy met with were innu 
merable. I have frequently heard myself called a Tory, a traitor to my 
country, as I passed the streets, and epithets joined to each, which de 
cency forbids me to set down. Violent threats were thrown out against 
us, in case the king were any longer prayed for. One Sunday, when 
I was officiating, and had proceeded some length in the service, a com 
pany of about one hundred armed rebels marched into the Church with 
drums beating and fifes playing, their guns loaded and bayonets fixed 
as if going to battle. The congregation was thrown into the utmost 
terror, and several women fainted, expecting a massacre was intended. 
I took no notice of them but went on with the service, only exerted 
my voice, which was in some measure drowned by the noise and tu 
mult. The rebels stood thus in the aisle for near fifteen minutes, till, 
being asked into pews by the sexton, they complied. Still, however, 
the people expected that when the collects for the king and royal family 
were read, I should be fired at, as menaces to that purpose had been 
frequently flung out. The matter, however, passed over without an 
accident. Nothing of this kind happened before or since, which made 
it more remarkable. I was afterwards assured that something hostile 

c 113 : 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

and violent was intended ; but He who stills the raging of the sea, and 
madness of the people, overruled their purpose, whatever it was. 

4 ' In the beginning of July, independency was declared : as this event 
was what I long expected, I had maturely considered, and was deter 
mined, what line of conduct to pursue. General Howe had arrived some 
time before from Halifax, as did Lord Howe from England. They had 
taken possession of Staten Island, where the fleet lay in sight of this 
city, at the distance of nine miles ; and only waited for the arrival of 
the fleet from England, to make a descent and reduce New York. This 
circumstance pointed out still more clearly what part I should act. How 
ever, I thought it proper to consult such a vestry as were in town, and 
others of the congregation, and have their concurrence; and I must 
do them the justice to say, that they were all unanimous for shutting 
up the churches ; and chose rather to submit to that temporary incon 
venience, than by omitting the prayers for the king, give that mark of 
disaffection to their sovereign. 

'To have prayed for him, had been rash to the last degree, the 
inevitable consequence had been a demolition of the churches, and the 
destruction of all who frequented them. The whole rebel force was col 
lected here, and the most violent partisans from all parts of the con 
tinent. A fine equestrian statue of the king was pulled down and totally 
demolished, immediately after independency was declared. All the 
king's arms, even those on signs of taverns, were destroyed. The com 
mittee sent me a message, which I esteemed a favour and indulgence, 
to have the king's arms taken down in the Church, or else the mob 
would do it, and might deface and injure the Churches. I immediately 
complied. People were not at liberty to speak their sentiments and even 
silence was construed as a marke of disaffection. 

4 Things being thus situated, I shut up the churches. Even this was 
attended with great hazard ; for it was declaring in the strongest man 
ner, our disapprobation of independency, and that under the eye of 
Washington and his army . ' ' [Perry* s History of the American Episco 
pal Church, vol. i, p. 460.] 

Upon the withdrawal of the American army after the defeat on Long 
Island, August 27, 1776, and the reoccupation by the British under 
Lord Howe, the churches were again opened. Mr. Inglis took his full 
share of the services and the extra work entailed by visiting the Brit 
ish soldiers and the refugees from all parts of the colonies who had 

[ 114 3 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

flocked into the city. Upon the death of Dr. Auchmuty in March, 
1777, which was the result of cold and exposure on his return to the 
city after the fire of September, 1776, in which the parish church and 
rectory were burned, Mr. Inglis was elected rector, March 20, 1777. 
The Bishop of London, Dr. Robert Lowth, in a letter to the vestry 
thus commends their choice : 

"I know Mr. Inglis to be a person of the most eminent abilities, of 
great judgment, integrity and piety, of unshaken Loyalty & firm per 
severance in his duty ; as he has fully shown by his late exemplary 
behaviour in the severest trials, by which he has merited the highest 
honours which the country has to bestow upon him." \_Dix 1 s History 
of Trinity Parish, vol. i,p. 413.] 

He was duly inducted into the rectorship, under the mandate of Gov 
ernor Tryon, by Elias Desbrosses, the senior warden," by placing his 
hand on the wall of the said Church, the same being then a ruin." 

When the issue of the war was no longer doubtful, Dr. Inglis de 
termined that his duty called him to cast in his lot with the loyalists 
who were emigrating to New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Owing 
to his loyalty to the oaths he had taken at his ordination, his property 
had been confiscated, he himself was under attainder, and in Sep 
tember, 1783, he lost his second wife, to whom he had been devotedly 
attached. He therefore presented his resignation to the vestry, which 
was immediately accepted. 

On Sunday, October 26, 1783, he preached in St. George's and St. 
Paul's Chapels his farewell sermon, from II Corinthians xiii. 11, and 
sailed soon after for Halifax. 

Services had been held intermittently at Annapolis Royal and other 
places by missionaries of the Venerable Society or royal chaplains 
since the final cession of the island to Great Britain in 1713, by the 
Peace of Utrecht. The parish of St. Paul's, Halifax, had been organ 
ized in 1759. The Rev. Dr. John Breynton was the first rector, and 
remained in office until 1789. At the time when Dr. Inglis reached 
Halifax the missionary work was in a progressive condition, and 
had been aided by several clergymen from New England. Dr. Inglis 
remained only a few weeks in Halifax, since in 1784 we find him 
in England, where he renewed his intimacy with his friends, Dr. 
Seabury, then seeking the Episcopate at the hands of the English 
Bishops, and Dr. Chandler, whose long exile in England was termi- 

C us D 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

nating. When Bishop Seabury sailed for America in January, 1785, 
he entrusted to the care of Dr. Inglis the designing of a mitre, the 
first to be used by any Anglican Bishop for nearly two hundred and 
fifty years. The infirmities of Dr. Chandler caused him to decline the 
nomination by the Archbishop of Canterbury to the See of Nova Scotia, 
which was created by royal patent in 1786. He suggested the name 
of Dr. Inglis, who accepted, and was consecrated at Lambeth Palace 
Chapel on Sunday, August 12, 1787, by the Most Rev. John Moore, 
Archbishop of Canterbury, assisted by the Rt. Rev. John Thomas, 
Bishop of Rochester, and the Rt. Rev. Beilby Porteus, Bishop of 
Chester. His diocese included all the British possessions in America, 
which then extended to Lake Superior. His first visitation in 1788 was 
through Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. He travelled over seven 
hundred miles and confirmed five hundred and twenty-five persons. 
As a result of his visits, churches which had long remained unfin 
ished were completed, properly furnished, and new ones built where 
needed. On June 11, 1789, he commenced his first visitation in the 
Province of Quebec, which included every place where there was any 
prospect of forming a parish of the Church of England. The Rev. 
Philip Toosey was stationed at Quebec and appointed the Bishop's 
commissary. Here he confirmed one hundred and thirty persons. At 
Montreal, where the " Protestants " were estimated at two thousand, 
he confirmed one hundred and seventy, and appointed the Rev. James 
Marmaduke Tunstall missionary in that city. Bishop Inglis soon had 
the satisfaction of knowing that the Church of England was taking 
firm root in Canada. His visitations were continued until 1793, in 
which year the Diocese of Quebec was constituted, and the Rev. Dr. 
Jacob Mountain consecrated as its first Bishop. 

When in March, 1783, several of the loyalist clergymen met in the 
city of New York to formulate plans for the realization of an Ameri 
can Episcopate within British territory, the establishment of a college 
was made part of them. The earliest proposition was that King's Col 
lege should be transferred from New York to Nova Scotia or New- 
Brunswick. In one of his first letters after his consecration Bishop 
Inglis wrote: 

"One great object of my appointment is to ordain candidates for 
holy orders, to supply vacant churches with clergymen, who cannot 
be supplied from Europe. But if there is no seminary we cannot 

C "63 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

expect any to be duly educated and qualified for orders ; and conse 
quently none can be ordained, so that, in fact, the want of a semi 
nary will totally defeat, in this respect, one principal object which gov 
ernment had in view, by appointing a bishop, as well as the benefits 
thereby intended for the Church of England." [Eaton's Church in 
Nova Scotia, p. 194.] 

In a letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury written December 26, 
1787, he informs His Grace that the Assembly of the province had 
voted 400 for an academy. 

The place chosen for the school then authorized was Windsor. It 
was opened November 1, 1788, under the principalship of Archibald 
Peane Inglis, a nephew of the Bishop, in the house of Mrs. Susan 
nah Franklin. Mr. Inglis was soon succeeded by William Cochran, 
who had been professor of Greek and Latin in King's College, New 
York City. In 1789 an act establishing a college was passed by the 
colonial legislature, with a yearly grant of four hundred and forty- 
four pounds, eight shillings, and ten pence, halfpenny, current money 
of Nova Scotia. A grant of five hundred pounds for the purchase of 
property and erection of buildings in Windsor was also made. A tem 
porary president and professor were to be elected by the governor. 
The college buildings were commenced in 1790. The site chosen 
was a pleasant slope near the Avon River, and outside the limits of 
the town. King's College was chartered May 12, 1802. Its first gov 
ernors were Sir John Wentworth, the lieutenant-governor, Bishop 
Inglis, Judge Alexander Crooke of the Court of Vice- Admiralty, 
Richard John Uniacke, speaker of the House and attorney-general, 
Benning Wentworth, provincial secretary; four others, one of whom 
was the president of the college, were to be elected by the governors. 
An imperial grant of a thousand pounds was made, which was con 
tinued until 1834. The first president was the Rev. Dr. William 
Cochran. Among his successors have been Dr. T. Cox, Dr. C. Por 
ter, Dr. G. McCawley, Dr. J. Dart, Canon Brock, Dr. C. Willetts. 
King's College has educated many of the clergy for Canada and the 
Maritime Provinces, as well as men distinguished in civic and politi 
cal life. Bishop Inglis watched over it carefully, and its original stat 
utes bore the impress of his sound common sense and educational 
knowledge. In May, 1809, the Bishop was made a member of His 
Majesty's Council for Nova Scotia, his place to be next after the chief 

c 117 n 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

justice. The Bishop continued his work until he was eighty years 
old. In his old age he spent much of his time at Aylesford, where 
he had a country seat named Clermont. He died at Halifax, Febru 
ary 24, 1816. Upon the walls of St. Paul's Church in that city is a 
mural tablet with this inscription, written by his son-in-law, Chief 
Justice Haliburton, as given in Brigstocke's "History of Trinity 
Church, St. John, New Brunswick," page 49 : 

SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF 
THE RIGHT REVEREND AND HONORABLE 

CHARLES INGLIS, D.D., 
THIRD SON OF THE REV. ARCHIBALD INGLIS, OF GLEN AND 

KILCAR, IN IRELAND. 

BISHOP OF NOVA SCOTIA AND ITS DEPENDENCIES, 
WHOSE SOUND LEARNING AND FERVENT PIETY, DIRECTED BY 

ZEAL ACCORDING TO KNOWLEDGE, 

AND SUPPORTED BY FORTITUDE UNSHAKEN AMIDST PECULIAR TRIALS 
EMINENTLY OJJALIFIED HIM FOR THE ARDUOUS LABORS OF THE 

FIRST BISHOP 

APPOINTED TO A BRITISH COLONY. 
THIS STONE IS RAISED BY FILIAL DUTY AND AFFECTION, IN GRATEFUL 

REMEMBRANCE OF EVERY PRIVATE VIRTUE 

THAT COULD ENDEAR A FATHER, AND A FRIEND, 

OF THE ABILITY, FIDELITY, AND SUCCESS, WITH WHICH HE WAS 

ENABLED, BY THE DIVINE BLESSING, TO DISCHARGE 

ALL HIS PUBLIC DUTIES. 

THE GENERAL PROSPERITY OF THE CHURCH IN HIS DIOCESE, THE IN 
CREASE OF HIS CLERGY, AND THE PROVISION FOR THEIR SUP 
PORT, THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A CHARTERED COLLEGE, 
AND THE ERECTION OF MORE THAN TWENTY 

CHURCHES, ARE THE BEST MONUMENT. 
OBIT ANNO SALUTIS, 1816 ; AETATIS 82. 

In a sermon preached in the centennial year of the establishment of 
the Colonial Episcopate in Westminster Abbey, the Rt. Rev. Dr. Perry, 
Bishop of Iowa, said : 

Gathering his clergy together for counsel and personal knowledge, 
the Bishop of Nova Scotia proved himself to be a Missionary Apostle 
by the wisdom of his charges, and sermons, and the magnetism of 

c us 3 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

his personal interest in each one, who had been placed under him in 
the Lord. In long and most wearisome visitations he visited, so far as 
was in his power, the various portions of his almost illimitable See, 
and till the close of a long and honoured life he maintained that char 
acter for devotion, that reputation for holiness, that fervour of minis 
trations, that faithfulness in every good word and work, which should 
characterize the ' good man, full of the Holy Ghost and of faith. ' Nor 
was this all. Through his long and earnest labours, ended only when 
the summons came to depart and be at rest, ' much people were added 
to the Lord. ' A church was organized ; a college was founded and built 
up to a measure of efficiency and success. The institutions of religion 
and learning were thus established and supported. The preaching of 
the Word and the ministration of the Sacraments were provided for 
the crowd of exiles who, in their devotion to Church and State, had 
exchanged their American homes for the bleak shores of Nova Scotia, 
and for the frontier settlers, in the dense forests of New Brunswick 
and Quebec. Thus, through unremitting labours, blessed by God, ere 
the life of the first Colonial Bishop was ended, there had been set 
on foot measures, for the development of the Church of Christ in the 
northern portions of the American Continent, which shall act, and 
react for good, till time shall be no more." [Brigstocke? s History of 
Trinity Church, St. John, Neiv Brunswick, p. 46.] 

Charles Inglis married in February, 1764, Mary, a daughter of 
Captain Benjamin and Mary Vining of Dover, Delaware, who died 
October 13, 1764, leaving no children. On May 31, 1773, Mr. Inglis 
married Margaret, a daughter of John and Margaret (Ellison) Crooke 
of Ulster County, New York. His father-in-law, Mr. Crooke, was a 
large land-owner in that county, was its surrogate, and filled other 
offices. Mrs. Crooke was a daughter of Thomas and Margaret (Gar- 
rabrant) Ellison of New Windsor, New York. The children of Charles 
and Margaret (Crooke) Inglis were: 

CHARLES, born in 1774; died January 20, 1782. 

MARGARET, born in 1775; died July 5, 1841. She married Brenton 
Haliburton, afterward chief justice of Nova Scotia. He died July 16, 
1860, aged eighty-six years. 

ANNE, born in 1776 ; died July 4, 1827. She married the Rev. George 
Pidgeon, rector of Trinity Church, Fredericton, New Brunswick. He 
died May 6, 1818, aged fifty-seven years. 

C H9 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

JOHN, born December 8, 1777; died October 27, 1850. He married 
Elizabeth, a daughter of Hon. Thomas and Jane (Allan) Cochran. 
Their sixth child, and second son, was General John Eardley Wil- 
mot Inglis, known as the hero of Lucknow, which city he defended 
in the Indian rebellion in 1857. Dr. John Inglis was the third Bishop 
of Nova Scotia, from 1825 to 1850. 

Judge Haliburton thus describes and characterizes Bishop Inglis: 

"In respect to his personal appearance, his countenance was intel 
ligent; his figure light and active; his manners were those of a gen 
tleman of the old school, dignified but not formal. In society he was 
cheerful and communicative, and, on proper occasions, displayed his 
conversational powers with energy. But, though deeply read, he had 
no tinge of pedantry. Although he mixed freely and pleasantly in so 
ciety, his library (and he had an excellent one) was his home, in which 
he spent most of his hours. He was a widower when I first knew him, 
and his children were then young. When they grew up to a more 
companionable age, it was his delight to associate with and instruct 
them ; and I still dwell with pleasure upon the recollection of the winter 
evenings when he gathered us all in his study, and read to us, some 
times from Prideaux, and at others, from secular, but always instruc 
tive, authors. 

"He was a powerful preacher, and particularly severe upon luke- 
warmnessand indifference. He enforced the peculiar doctrines of Chris 
tianity with more energy than was usual in that day, when Philosophy 
and mere Morality had usurped most of our pulpits. But he never sev 
ered the fruit of good works from the root of faith ; and perhaps many 
of his sermons would be deemed to dwell too much upon works and 
too little upon faith, by some pious Christians of the present age. It 
was, however, really imperative upon the preacher, at that day, to re 
buke with severity the prevailing laxity of morals, and to dwell much 
upon the vices of profane swearing, drunkenness, &.C., which then 
pervaded all ranks of society to a degree which can scarcely be credited 
by those who did not witness them. The youth of that period were 
led to believe that it was manly to swear and practise other kindred 
vices, and most of their seniors would laugh at any scruples they 
might express upon such misdeeds. Under such circumstances, seri 
ous and pious preachers often felt that it was more necessary to as- 

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a BENJAMIN MOORE 

sail practical wickedness than to enforce doctrinal truth, on the ground 
that the forsaking of open sin was the first step towards the accept 
ance of an offered Saviour ; and thus did men, whose views were not 
otherwise than evangelical, pave the way for the more strongly marked 
evangelical preachers of the present day. 

"As Dr. Inglis was the first Bishop appointed to a British Colony, 
he had many difficulties to contend with which required both energy 
and prudence to meet. He, however, showed himself always adequate 
to any exigency, and has left an enduring impress of his own char 
acter upon the Diocese over which he presided." [Sprague's Annals, 
vol. v,p. 190.] 

The chief publications of Bishop Inglis are : 

An Essay on Infant Baptism in which the Right of Infants to is from 
Scripture and Confirmed by the Practice of the four first Centuries. 
New York: Hugh Gaine. 1768. 8vo 

A Vindication of the Bishop of LandafFs Sermon from the gross Mis 
representations and abusive Reflections, contained in Mr. Wil 
liam Livingston's Letter to his Lordship : With some additional Ob 
servations on certain Passages in Dr. Chauncey's Remarks, &c. 
By a Lover of Truth and Decency. 

" ^uld verum atque decens euro et rogo, et omnis in hoc sum." 

Horace. 

"Non equidem hoc studeo bullatis ut mibl nugis 
Pagina turgescat dare pondus idonea fumo" 

Persius. 

New York : Printed by J. Holt at the Exchange. M,DCC,LXVIII. 8vo, 

pp. viii, 82 
Sermon occasioned by the Death of John Ogilvie, D.D., New York, 

1774. 8vo, pp. 30 
Plain Truth : Addressed to the Inhabitants of America, containing Re 

marks on the late Pamphlet entitled Common Sense. Written by 

Candidus. Philadelphia, 1776 
A Sermon on Philip. Hi. 20, 21. Occasioned by the Death of Samuel 

Auchmuty, D.D. , Rector of Trinity Church, New York. Preached 

March 9, 1777, by Charles Inglis, A.M. Published by particular 

Desire. 8vo 



121 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

The Christian Soldier's Duty, Briefly delineated, in a sermon preached 
at King's Bridge, September 7, 1777, before the American Corps, 
newly raised for his Majesty's Service 

Letters of Papinian : In which the Conduct Present State and Pros 
pects of the American Congress are examined. New York : 1779 ; 
London : J. Wilkie. MDCCLXXIX 

The Duty of Honouring the King, explained and recommended : in 
a sermon preached in St. George's and St. Paul's Chapels, New 
York, on Sunday, January 30, 1780. Being the anniversary of the 
Martyrdom of King Charles I. By Charles Inglis, D.D., Rector of 
Trinity Church, New York 

Sermon preached before the Grand Lodge, New York. 1783 

A Farewell Sermon preached at St. George's and St. Paul's Chapels, 
in the city of New York, October 26, 1783. By Charles Inglis, 
D.D., Rector of the Parish of Trinity Church in the city of New 
York. London, 1784 

Steadfastness in Religion and Loyalty recommended in a Sermon 
preached before the Legislature of His Majesty's Province of Nova 
Scotia. April 7, 1793. By the Right Reverend Charles, Bishop 
of Nova Scotia. Halifax : Printed by John Howe. MDCCXCIII. 8vo, 
pp. 34 

Dr. Inglis 's Defence of his Character against certain False and Mali 
cious Charges contained in a Pamphlet entitled A Reply to Remarks 
on a Vindication of Governor Parr and his Council &c. London. 
Printed in the year 1784. 8vo, pp. 15 

A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Diocese of Nova Scotia at 
the Primary Visitation holden in the Town of Halifax . . . June 
1788. Halifax, 1792. 8vo, pp. 62 

A Charge at the Triennial Visitation, Town of Halifax. Halifax, 1792. 
4to 

A Charge . . . June and August 1803. Second edition. Halifax, 1804 

The Claim and Answer with the Subsequent Proceedings in the case 
of the Right Reverend Charles Inglis, under the sixth article of the 
Treaty . . . His . . . Majesty and the United States. Philadelphia : 
Printed by R. Aitken. MDCCXCIX. 4to, pp. 118 (l) 

Sermon ... at Halifax, 25 April, 1794, the Day appointed; ... for 

122 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

a General Fast and Humiliation in H. M. Province of Nova Scotia. 
Halifax, 1794. 8vo 

The "Memorial," prepared by Mr. Inglis in 1770, was published 
from a draft preserved in the Bishop's family in Nova Scotia, by 
Dr. Edward B. O'Callaghan, in the "Documentary History of New 
York," volume iv, pages 1089-1117, Albany, 1851, under this title: 

A Memorial concerning the Iroquois or Five Confederate Nations 
of Indians in the Province of New York, in which their Present 
State numbers and situation are set forth ; Arguments why Gov 
ernment should interpose for their conversion to Christianity and 
reduction to a civilized state are adduced. A plan for their conver 
sion is laid down ; Circumstances which promise success to such 
an attempt at this time are pointed out and some objections to the 
Design are obviated. Humbly addressed to the Right Honourable 
the Earl of Hillborough, by Charles Inglis, of Trinity Church, 
New York 

John Ogilvie. 

John, a son of Lieutenant William Ogilvie of the British army, was 
born in or near the city of New York about 1722. The family was one 
of the most noted in Scotland. In the branch to which Lieutenant 
Ogilvie belonged were several members of the nobility of North Britain , 
particularly the Earls of Finlater and Seafield. The young lad entered 
Yale College in 1745, and was graduated with honour in 1748. While 
in college he came under the influence of Dr. Samuel Johnson, as 
many other students did at that time. Through the doctor's influence 
he determined to study for the holy ministry, and early in 1748 was 
appointed lay reader at St. Paul's, Norwalk, Connecticut, in suc 
cession to Jeremiah Learning, who had gone to England for holy orders 
in 1747 under an appointment to be master of the Kay School at 
Newport, Rhode Island, and assistant to the Rev. James Honyman. 
Referring to John Ogilvie, John Belden and William Johnson, the 
churchwardens at Norwalk, say in a letter of March 5, 1748, to the 
Venerable Society: 

"And since Mr. Learning, who is truly a worthy gentleman, for 
whom we have a sincere regard, has, however, thought best to leave 
us, having some other views, we are very thankful to the Society for 

C 12 3 H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

committing us to the care of the Reverend Mr. Lamson, whose labours 
are always very acceptable to us when he can attend here ; but as this 
cannot be very frequently, by reason of the distance and his extensive 
charge, we have, with the approbation of the Rev. Clergy, unani 
mously agreed with Mr. John Ogilvie to read the service of the Church , 
with a view of his settling in the ministry among us, and obliged 
ourselves to pay him fifty pounds, New- York money, per annum, 
equal to three hundred pounds in our unsettled currency, and he is 
now, with the approbation of our Reverend Clergy, reading the liturgy 
and sermons among us to our entire satisfaction. What, therefore, 
we beg leave to ask of this venerable Society is, that, as we have thus 
endeavoured to our utmost to qualify ourselves for a mission, they 
would be graciously pleased to erect us into a mission, and give leave 
to the Reverend the Clergy to recommend the said Mr. John Ogilvie, 
as soon as may be, for holy orders ; and that he may be appointed mis 
sionary for this town, together with Ridgefield, which desired to be 
joined with us, and we shall be most humbly thankful for any salary 
which this venerable Society, according to their wonted goodness, 
shall please to grant to them. ' ' [Hawks and Perry, Connecticut Church 
Documents, vol. i, p. 239.] 

John Ogilvie, being gifted with a sweet, melodious voice, having 
charming manners, and being unusually well informed, soon won the 
hearts of the people of the parish. In the winter of 174| he sailed for 
England, bearing with him letters of commendation from Dr. Sam 
uel Johnson and the other clergy of Connecticut, as well as one from 
Dr. Henry Barclay of Trinity Church, New York, to the Bishop of 
London, dated New York, January 2, 174|, in which he says: 

! ' I have engaged the bearer hereof, Mr. John Ogilvie, to undertake 
the mission to Albany and the Mohawk Indians, if your Lordship 
shall find him duly qualified for Holy Orders.' After stating his liter 
ary qualifications and Dr. Johnson's knowledge of him, he continues : 
1 1 look upon him as the best qualified for the Indian Mission of any 
person I could have found on account of his speaking the low Dutch 
language, which I found very useful to me, both on account of its 
conformity to the Indian in pronunciation as well as the service I was 
thereby enabled to do to a considerable number of the Dutch inhabit 
ants who are entirely destitute of religious instruction.' " [Hooper's 
History of St. Peter's Church, Allxiny, p. 86.] 

C 124 ] 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

Mr.Ogilvie was received with great kindness, and pursued under 
the direction of the Bishop of London, Dr. Sherlock, a short course 
in divinity. This was the usual requirement for candidates from the 
American colonies. He was made deacon March 7, 1749, and ordained 
priest April 2 of the same year by that prelate. Mr. Ogilvie seems to 
have taken ample time to visit his relations, and did not, so far as is 
known, officiate anywhere until he baptized at Sou thwark," June 9, 
1749, Robert, son of William and Elizabeth Harris." This is the first 
entry in a manuscript book of forty folio pages, upon the first page of 
which is this title : "A Register of Christenings and Marriages Kept 
by the Rev. John Ogilvie commencing June y e 9 th 1749." It is now, 
through the gift of Dr. Ogilvie's descendant, the late Cornelius Corn- 
stock, in the archives of Trinity Church, New York, and a copy is in 
the archives of St. Peter's Church, Albany. Mr. Ogilvie reached New 
York in the fall of 1749, and on November 5 baptized "Cornelius, 
son of Elias and Mary de Greushe. ' ' He spent the winter in the vicin 
ity of New York, officiating several Sundays at Norwalk, where the 
people felt aggrieved that he should desert them for the Mohawks. 
Early in the spring Mr. Ogilvie went to Albany, and preached his first 
sermon as incumbent of St. Peter's Church on April 1, 1750. Owing 
to the continuous war with France and the dreaded attacks of the 
Indians who fought for the French, the vacancy of four years had 
been a time of confusion for the parish. With the restoration of quiet, 
there was a sure confidence of a large increase to the Church under 
a judicious rector. Mr. Ogilvie commended himself to every one, his 
knowledge of the Dutch language being of great advantage to him. 
A firm and consistent Churchman, he was yet tolerant of the opinions 
of others, and soon made a place for himself in the affections of every 
one, which he always retained. While the spiritual condition of St. 
Peter's was changed for the better, there was also progress in material 
things. In 1751 extensive repairs were made to the church, a steeple 
was built, and a bell purchased, Mr. Ogilvie himself heading the 
subscription with a donation of eight pounds. The bell is still in use. 
In his report to the Society for 1752 Mr. Ogilivie mentioned the reno 
vation of the church, and said that "all proper ornaments have been 
provided, and the public offices of religion are celebrated there with 
great decency and order." 

In his work among the Mohawks he was careful and assiduous, and 

C 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

made warm friends and admirers in the Indian country. In the Ab 
stract of the Venerable Society for 1757, page 46, as quoted in Hoop 
er's "History of St. Peter's Church, Albany," page 94, it is said: 

"His endeavours have not been unsuccessful, many of the Mo 
hawks of both castles appearing to have a serious and habitual sense 
of Religion ; when at home they regularly attend Divine Worship and 
participate frequently of the Lord's Supper, and though out upon the 
Hunt several of them came 60 miles to communicate upon Christmas 
Day 1755; in that year he had baptised at Albany 49 white and 20 
black children, and in the Mohawks' country 30 white and 18 In 
dian children, and admitted 4 adult Indians to the Communion, who 
have a very good account of the Christian faith, and the number of 
such Indian communicants amounts to 50. In the first six months of 
the year 1756, Mr. Ogilvie had baptised 16 white and 6 negroe chil 
dren, and 2 adult negroes at Albany, and in the Mohawks' Country, 
18 white and 9 more Indian children, two of them the children of the 
famous Indian Half King who distinguished himself so much in the 
famous fatal expedition under General Braddock,when twelve prin 
cipal men of the Mohawks fell in the Battle, six of whom were regu 
lar communicants of the Church; and while they were in the Field, 
good old Abraham (one of the sachems formerly mentioned) performed 
Divine Service morning and evening to them. The Half Indian King 
with his relations and family are now settled among the Mohawks to 
the number of 40 persons, some of them Christians and most of them 
well disposed to the Christian Religion ; also early in the Spring about 
140 of those poor people that inhabited the frontiers of New Jersey 
came up to the Mohawk country for protection, and Mr. Ogilvie 
promises to use his best endeavors to instruct them who seemed to 
be almost entirely ignorant of religion ; he adds that Paulus the In 
dian school-master at the upper Mohawk castle is diligent in his office 
and teaches above 40 children every day, and several of them begin 
to read, and some to write, and the Mohawks of the lower castle have 
signified their desire to have a school-master for their children, and 
the Society hath empowered Mr. Ogilvie to appoint the most proper 
person among them that will undertake it to that service. The six 
united nations seem to be in good temper notwithstanding the craft 
and intrigues of the French, who by their Priests are extremely busy 
in this critical juncture of affairs; and Mr. Ogilvie pleases himself with 

[ 126 ] 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

the prospect of seeing an effectual door opened to introduce mission 
aries in to their castle after the present unhappy disturbances are ended; 
as nothing will conduce more, nor, in truth, so much to make them 
our firm friends as our uniting them to us by the Sacred Bands of 
the Christian Religion, and may God grant a blessing through Christ 
to the pious endeavours of the Society of this Head." 

During the stirring days when Albany was a war camp, and troops 
were coming and going, Mr. Ogilvie was very faithful in ministering 
to them, in giving them aid in money and provisions, and in seeing 
that they were properly housed. His influence with the authorities was 
great, and he lived on intimate terms with the high military officials 
stationed in Albany, as well as with the governor and commanding gen 
erals in New York. A series of letters written by him to Sir William 
Johnson show his knowledge of military movements before they were 
publicly announced and his familiarity with the intentions of the au 
thorities in London. In 1757 he was made chaplain to the Royal Amer 
ican Regiment under Lord Loudon, commander-in -chief. Mr. Ogil 
vie' s work among the Mohawks and in Albany was not slighted by 
his acceptance of this chaplaincy. In the Abstract of the Venerable 
Society for 1761, on page 49, is given this summary of the varied 
work of the rector of Albany : 

''The Rev. Mr. Ogilvie the Society's missionary at Albany and to 
the neighboring Indians acquaints the Society by his letter dated Albany 
February 1st, 1760 that his duty to the Indians had been entirely com 
patible hitherto with his Chaplainship in the army the preceding sum 
mer; when he attended the Royal American Regiment upon the expe 
dition to Niagara there being no chaplain on that Department though 
three regular Regiments and the Provincial one of New York were in 
it. All the Mohawks and almost all the Six Indian Nations (or rather 
Tribes) were upon that service ; and Mr. Ogilvie constantly officiated 
to the Mohawks and Oneidas, who regularly attended Divine Service, 
and he gave them proper instructions and exhortations and hoped he 
had contributed in some measure to keep up decency and good order 
among them. The Oneidas, as they had notice of his coming, met him 
at the Lake near their castle and brought ten children to be baptised 
by him, with a young woman who had been previously instructed in 
the principles of Christianity, and Mr. Ogilvie baptised them before 
a great crowd of spectators, who were pleased with the attention and 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

solemn behaviour of the Indians on that solemn occasion. During the 
campaign, Mr. Ogilvie had opportunities of conversing with some of 
every one of the Six Nation Confederacy and their dependants, and he 
found some of every nation who had been instructed by the Priests of 
Canada in the Roman Religion, and appeared extremely tenacious of 
their ceremonies and peculiarities, and he is informed from good author 
ity that there is no nation bordering on the Five Great Lakes or the 
Banks of the Ohio, the Mississippi, and all the way to Louisiana, but 
what are supplied with Priests and school-masters and have decent 
places of Divine worship with every splendid utensil of their Religion. 
In the Fort of Niagara there is a handsome chapel and a Priest of the 
order of St. Francis performed the service of the Roman Church therein 
with great ceremony and Parade ; and had instructions to receive the 
Indians with great hospitality and had a particular allowance for that 
purpose. Mr. Ogilvie during his stay there performed Divine Service 
in that Chapel, according to the Liturgy of the Church of England, 
but he expressed his fears that it has not been used for that purpose 
from the time of his departure thence, which will not give the Indians 
the most favorable impressions of our religion, and they are not, he 
says, wanting to make very pertinent reflections on such occasions. In 
a subsequent letter dated Albany, May the 20th, 1760, he writes, that 
since the date of his preceding one he had spent two months among 
the Indians, and he had baptised in that branch of his Mission from 
the 29th of February, 1759, to the 29th of February, 1760, 20 white 
and 13 Indian children and 2 adults and admitted 4 Indians, young 
women, to the Holy Communion after a careful instruction of them in 
the Christian Faith. And in the City of Albany and township of Sche- 
nectady he had baptised 104 white and 15 black children in the same 
space of time, and admitted six catechumens who upon examination 
gave him a very satisfactory account of their faith, to the Sacrament 
of the Lord's Supper. By a third letter dated Oswego August the 9th, 
1760, he informs the Society that he set out from Albany on the 24th 
of June for Oswego but tarried at Fort Hunter two or three days in 
his way, and preached twice and baptised seven white and Indian 
children there ; and General Amherst on his arrival at Oneida Lake 
where a considerable number of Indians now joined them, expressed 
great pleasure at the Decency with which the service of the Church 
had been performed by a grave Indian Sachem, and by the General's 

C 128 ] 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

direction Mr. Ogilvie went to Oneida town where (he having sent a 
Mohawk before) he found a large congregation ready to receive him, 
and six adults presented themselves to be examined for baptism who 
all of them gave a very satisfactory account of the Christian Faith and 
appeared to have a serious sense of Religion, and therefore Mr. Ogilvie 
baptised them, and immediately afterwards joined them in marriage 
(they being three principal men of the Oneida Nation with their three 
women who had lived together many years after the Indian custom) 
and besides these, Mr. Ogilvie baptised fourteen children and married 
nine couple. He expresses his great satisfaction in that day's services 
and his hearty wishes that by our successes in those parts a more effec 
tive Door may be opened for the propagation of the Gospel among the 
Indians, whom he attends and reads Prayers to on Week-Days as often 
as the duties of the Camp will admit, and the General constantly gives 
public orders for Divine Service among them on the Lord's Day." 
So popular was Mr. Ogilvie with the soldiers, so great was their im 
provement under his advice and instruction, that the commanding 
general, Sir Jeffrey Amherst, desired and ordered him to become chap 
lain to the garrison at Montreal, Canada, which had surrendered to 
the English, September 8, 1760. It was expected that with the coop 
eration of General Gage, the commandant at that post, Mr. Ogilvie 
would be able to make the Church of England favourably known 
to the inhabitants of that ancient city. The conquest of Canada by 
England meant many changes in that country. While the French 
were allowed to retain their churches, and while the Roman Catholic 
hierarchy was not to be molested, English statesmen hoped that 
many would conform to the Established Church. The services of the 
Rev. Michael Houdin of Trenton, New Jersey, had preceded those of 
Mr. Ogilvie, for he was with the expedition against Quebec under 
General Wolfe, and it is a tradition that he showed the general the 
secret path up the Heights of Abraham. At that time he was itiner 
ant missionary in New Jersey, but had formerly been the superior of 
a monastery in Canada. He remained in Quebec as chaplain until 
1761, which position he held with much usefulness. Mr. Ogilvie found 
Montreal a pleasant place of residence, and cultivated friendship with 
the French priests and inhabitants. He promised the Society "to do 
all in his power to recommend the Church of England by the public 
and constant performance of its divine worship, and keeping up a 

C 129 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

friendly correspondence with both Clergy and Laity." His congre 
gation of British merchants and the garrison was large. It assem 
bled every Sunday and holy day in a Roman Catholic Chapel, as no 
provision had been made in the capitulation for a place of worship 
for the members of the Anglican Church. From November, 1760, to 
July, 1763, he had baptized one hundred children, and had admin 
istered the holy communion to thirty or forty persons at a time. His 
work among the Indians in the vicinity of Montreal was equally fruit 
ful. They had been taught that "the English had no knowledge of 
the mystery of man's redemption by Jesus Christ." They knew the 
Mohawk dialect, and the missionary was able to instruct them in 
their native tongue, "and convinced many of them that we were fel 
low Christians." Mr. Ogilvie urged upon the government and the So 
ciety the need of a school and other buildings, as well as provision 
for a permanent clergyman at Montreal. Unhappily his plans could 
not then be carried out by the Society, and the government felt that 
the expense was too great to be added to the already large debt which 
the war had entailed. It was under the discouragement of this decision 
that Mr. Ogilvie, although his congregations were "large and flour 
ishing," yielded to solicitations of friends, and late in 1764 deter 
mined to accept a call as an assistant minister of Trinity Church, New 
York. In this position he was an efficient aid to the rector, Dr. Auch- 
muty, and acceptable to old and new friends in the city in which he 
had been brought up. He not only won reputation as a preacher, but 
as in Albany, he held meetings with the women of the parish for 
prayer and exposition of the Holy Scriptures. It is said by the bio 
grapher of Bishop Richard Channing Moore that much of the piety 
which adorned that prelate could be traced to the faithful religious 
instruction of his mother, Elizabeth Channing, who as a young woman 
was a member of Dr. Ogilvie's Bible Class. For ten years he was 
growing into the affection of the whole city, when he was suddenly 
stricken down while in the pulpit of St. Paul's Chapel, on Friday, 
November 18, 1774. He lingered in a helpless condition until Satur 
day, November 26, when his useful earthly life ended. He was buried 
in the family vault in Trinity Church-yard on Sunday, November 
27. In his funeral sermon the Rev. Charles Inglis says : 

"Nine years have I lived with him in perfect harmony and friend 
ship. Much was he endeared to me by his many amiable qualities, 

C 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

by a union of affection and principles, and by our joint endeavours 
in the ministry of the Gospel. To mention him, therefore, in this 
place, which now, alas, must know him no more, is not only a debt 
of friendship which I owe to his memory, but it may also be of ser 
vice to you. 

" He was born in this city, and many of you know that he remem 
bered his Creator in the days of his youth. Even at that period, he 
strove to turn others to righteousness, which seemed to be the prin 
cipal object of his whole life afterwards. He devoted himself early to 
the service of the altar, and his first situation, after he entered into 
Holy Orders, as Missionary to the Mohawk Indians, was such as 
suited his glowing zeal to promote the honour of God and the salva 
tion of souls. I may say that he was placed on the farthest limit of the 
Messiah's Kingdom, for all beyond it was one dark and dismal gloom, 
unenlightened by any ray from the Sun of Righteousness. Here he 
faithfully laboured, and with success, to add the Heathen to his Mas 
ter's inheritance, and the uttermost part of the earth to his possession. 
'Those qualifications which enable a person to be useful in the 
sacred ministry, were possessed by him in an eminent degree. His 
person was tall and graceful, his aspect sweet and commanding, his 
voice excellent, his elocution easy and pleasing, his imagination lively, 
his memory retentive, and his judgment solid. His temper was even, 
unclouded, and such as scarcely any accident could ruffle. His heart 
was humane, tender and benevolent, burning with zeal for the good 
of others." 

The Rev. Dr. Berrian says on page 130 of his "Historical Sketch :" 
He was well remembered in my early life by several of our aged 
parishioners, and greatly admired as a popular and captivating lec 
turer. It was probably on this account that he was represented, in 
a very spirited portrait of him, painted by the celebrated Copley, 
and now in the Vestry office of Trinity Church, with the Bible opened 
before him, and familiarly engaged in expounding the Scriptures. I 
can easily conceive that there might have been good ground for this 
reputation, for I have a vivid recollection of one of his manuscript 
sermons that I met with some forty years since, written from the text, 
* We all do fade as a leaf,' which at that time struck me as a com 
position of great elegance and beauty." 

Mr. Ogilvie was married, probably in 1755, to Susannah Gather- 

C 131 D 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

ine, a daughter of Lancaster Symes of New York City. Their children 
were: 

GEORGE, born October 16, 1758 ; died April 3, 1797. A notice of him 
will be found on page 72. 

A daughter, who married Dr. Barent Roorbach of Newark, New 
Jersey. 

Dr.Ogilviewas married again April 17,1769, to Margaret (Marston) 
Philipse. She was a daughter of Nathaniel Marston of New York 
City, and the widow of Frederick Philipse, also of that city, who died 
May 4, 1768. Mrs. Ogilvie died February 4, 1807, aged seventy- 
nine years and ten months. There were no children by the second 
marriage. 

In the * ' New York Gazette and Weekly Mercury ' ' for Monday, No 
vember 28, 1774, there was an announcement of his death, which 
was followed in the issue for December 4 by a full record of his ser 
vices, from which the following is extracted : 

"He was a most exemplary and laborious Clergyman. Indefatigable 
in visiting the sick, and other members of his flock ; he was as useful 
to them by his private advice and admonitions, as by his public minis- 
strations, and accordingly was respected by them as a common Father. 
His bosom glowed with that warm benevolence, which genuine Chris 
tianity inspires, and this naturally led him to take part in the distresses 
of others. He was very liberal to the poor; and the children of affliction 
in general, who resorted to him, and whom he often sought for, ever 
found relief from him ; nor did he at any time seem to be so happy as 
when employed thus in offices of humanity, and doing good to others. 
He always maintained a friendly intercourse with people of every re 
ligious denomination, lived in perfect harmony with them, and on all 
occasions manifested himself a sincere lover of peace. 

"On Friday the 18th of November, he went to church in seemingly 
good health, to lecture in the afternoon, which was his constant prac 
tice on Fridays. He read prayers as usual and baptised a child, he 
gave out his text, which was from Psalm xcii. 15, and in these words, 

TO SHEW THAT THE LORD IS UPRIGHT: HE IS MY ROCK, AND THERE IS NO UN 
RIGHTEOUSNESS IN HIM; but before he could proceed any farther, he sunk 
in the reading desk by a stroke of an apoplexy. He languished under 
the effects of his fatal disorder some days ; though he recovered suffi- 

C 132 ] 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

ciently to settle his temporal affairs those of a spiritual and more 
important nature he had provided for by a well-spent life. During this 
interval, a great part of which was employed in prayer and devout 
ejaculations, he shewed the most resigned patience and submission 
to the will of heaven such indeed as could flow only from real, 
unaffected piety, and the firmest reliance on the adorable Mediator. 
Although the symptoms of his disorder were sometimes flattering, yet 
it finally baffled every effort of human skill, and the power of medi 
cine ; for early on Saturday morning the 26th ult., without a struggle 
or a groan, he breathed his last, to the inexpressible grief of his numer 
ous relations and acquaintances, and very great loss of the publick ! 
' Thus w r as this worthy clergyman and Christian cut off in the vig 
our of life, in the actual discharge of his duty, and with words in his 
mouth which were truly characteristic of his sentiments and temper. 
Christian Reader ! let not such an example shine before you in vain ! 
Improve it as you ought ! Live the life of the righteous, that you may 
also die his death, and that your last end may be like his ! " 

The same sketch is also found in Rivington's "New York Gazet 
teer" for Thursday, December 1, 1774. In the " New York Journal " 
for Thursday, December 1, 1774, "published by John Holt near the 
Coffee House, "is this notice: 

"Dr. Ogilvie was a gentleman of a good Understanding which he 
had carefully improved a sincere Christian a well read Divine, 
and thoroughly attached to the Doctrines contained in the 39 Articles 
in their literal and grammatical Sense. He was an excellent preacher, 
and very laborious Minister. He devoted himself wholly to the Busi 
ness of his Ministry, the important Duties of which appeared to be 
his daily Delight. 

' ' He was a man of great benevolence and generosity of sentiment 
towards all denominations and lived in the most entire harmony with 
the Clergy and private Christians of the other Churches in this City. 
He was polite and easy in his manner and remarkable for his socia 
bility and kindness to persons of all ranks. By the death of this good 
man his family has lost one of the tenderest and best of relatives, the 
Churches to which he administered a faithful pastor his numer 
ous acquaintances a sincere and kind friend, the Community a most 
worthy Citizen, and the poor a most generous benefactor. He lived 
universally beloved and has died greatly and justly lamented. The 

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HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

funeral of the late worthy and universally beloved and esteemed Doct 
Ogilvie, on Sunday last exhibited a very laudable example (which it 
is hoped will henceforth be invariably followed) of strict conformity 
to the recommendation of the general Congress, there having been no 
wine, gloves, or scarfs given on that occasion, except to the officiating 
minister, nor any mourning used, the Venerable Corpse being carried 
in a black coffin without any escutcheon or decoration." 

Dr. Ogilvie was a governor of King's College from 1770 to 1774. 
He published no books or pamphlets. By his last will he left three 
hundred pounds to the Charity School, one hundred pounds to the 
Society for the Relief of Widows and Orphans of Clergymen, and 
one hundred pounds to King's College. 

Samuel Provoost. 

For sketch see Volume II, page 210. 

John Vardill. 

John Vardill was graduated from King's College, New York, in 1766. 
He was a young man of much brilliancy, keenly interested in all the 
political questions of the day, and writing upon them very trenchantly, 
and often in witty satirical verse. In 1773 he was made a tutor in 
King's College, and in the same year professor of natural law. Being 
drawn to the sacred ministry, he pursued a course in divinity under 
the direction of the Rev. Dr. Auchmuty, and early in 1774 he went 
to England, and was made deacon and priest by the Rt. Rev. Dr. 
Terrick, Bishop of London, in the spring of that year. His license to 
officiate in the Plantations is dated April 6, 1774. He appears to have 
spent the remainder of the year abroad. On the death of Dr. Ogilvie 
in November, 1774, Mr. Vardill's friends were very desirous that he 
should be appointed an assistant minister in Trinity Church. Dur 
ing the discussion of the subject by the vestry and parishioners the 
following letter was published in the " New York Journal " for Thurs 
day, December 1, 1 774, as given on page 252 of the Collections of the 
New York Historical Society for the year 1870 : 

Gentlemen, 

PROVIDENCE has been pleased to take to himself your late, truly rever 
end and amiable Mr. OGILVIE, a gentleman endued with all ecclesi- 

C 134 ] 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

astical virtues It now remains for you to consider who may be the 
fittest person to place in his room : 

First then ; it is evident he ought to be a person of an exceeding good 
reputation, for natural understanding, and particularly eminent for that 
power which is denominated reason. 

Secondly, he ought to be distinguishable for decent and pious behav 
iour while at school and college; at which time the native disposition 
of the mind begins to signify itself. 

Thirdly, his sedulity at college is to be regarded, and his disposition 
to some particular study : as for example the languages, ecclesiastical 
history, and divinity. 

All the above mentioned qualifications and powers have been observed 
in Mr. Boden, and Mr. Benjamin Moore. 

These are persons who will dedicate their time and thoughts to the 
public service, in promoting true religion by precept, and morals by 
example ; all we desire is, a person who will be attentive to his eccle 
siastical function only; all we request is, that you will take care how 
you substitute a poetaster, the tool of a party, a news writer, a pam 
phleteer, a paltry politician, who will for ever (by the peculiar bend of 
his mind) keep a spirit of dissention among you, give wrong infor 
mation of your conduct ; and be always a fit instrument, and a ready 
one for the intention of a party ; neglecting the duties of his office ; 
for the due discharge of which only, he is supported and employed. 

ECCLESIASTES. 

This was followed by an explanation written by John Holt, the pub 
lisher of the " Journal," in the issue for December 15, 1774 : 

* ' A PIECE lately published in this paper, entitled A Card to the Vestry 
signed Ecclesiastes, has, we hear given offence to several friends of Mr. 
VARDILL, upon a supposition that it was intended against him, tho' the 
description in the card does not seem to answer any part of his char 
acter. Whether or not the author of the Card, had him or any other 
particular person in view, against whom his caution to the Vestry was 
intended, is unknown to the printer, who is unacquainted with any 
person that, to his knowledge, answers the description in the Card. 
If the author knew any such person, his caution to the Vestry, was 
at least blameless; if no such person could be found, why should the 
description be applied to any particular one, improperly? 

C 135 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

"However, as it seems, for reasons that do not appear to the Printer, 
several persons have supposed the card to be intended against Mr. 
VARDILL, a friend of his, therefore, has thought proper to publish a 
piece in his vindication, interspersed with some severe censures upon 
Ecclesiastes, against any charge or insinuation in the aforesaid Card. 
This vindication came to hand too late for this week's paper, but if 
not countermanded, will be in our next. 

' ' The author of the Card, best knows his design in it, but it appear'd 
to the Printer to be only against the supposed author, or authors of 
the several pieces which have been published in Mr. Rivington's and 
Mr. Game's papers for these 12 months past, under the signatures 
of Poplicola, a Farmer ; a New York Freeholder, &c. also several pieces 
of versification, and numerous pamphlets, both in prose and verse, 
entitled, A letter from a Veteran, A friendly address to all reasonable 
Americans, Free thoughts on the proceedings of the Continental Congress, 
Short advice to the Colonies of New York, &.c. &c. Pieces, all mani 
festly intended to disunite the colonies, prevent their exertions in de 
fence of their rights and liberties, persuade them to a quiet surrender 
of them and submission to slavery ; promote the measures of the Brit 
ish ministry, destroy the English constitution, and subject the whole 
nation to an arbitrary, tyrannical government. Against this author, 
or these authors, (without knowing who they were) if any such should 
be candidates to supply the place of the much lamented late Doct. 
Ogilvie, the Printer supposed the Card to the Vestry was intended, 
and is ignorant of any design in the author, to apply it to any other, 
or particular person." 

The following rejoinder to * * Ecclesiastes ' ' appeared in the ' * Journal ' ' 
for December 22, 1774: 

Mr. PRINTER. 

You lately published A Card to the Vestry of Trinity Church, signed 
Ecclesiastes. It contains several insinuations to the disadvantage of 
a most worthy young gentleman now in England ; and the manifest 
design of it was, to prejudice the members of the Vestry against that 
gentleman. They however knew their duty, and had too much good 
sense and integrity to be diverted from discharging it, by so base an 
artifice. They have taken a proper step to promote the interests of the 
congregations under their care, by choosing for an assistant, a person 

C 136 n 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

who is no less remarkable for his abilities, than for his rectitude of life 
and sound principles ; and as a sincere friend to the churches in this 
city, I most cordially thank them. 

I would choose to think charitably of all men , if I could , but Ecclesiastes 
has put it out of my power to think so of him. Can any thing be more 
cruel or unjust, than such an attempt to obstruct the usefulness of a 
young person just entering on the public stage of life? Can any thing 
be more base, than this endeavour to wound his character, when ab 
sent, and therefore when he cannot defend himself against the shafts 
of calumny? Ecclesiastes acts the part of an insidious dark assassin ; 
and whatever his professions may be, every unprejudiced person will 
consider him as an incendiary who wants to spread confusion in these 
congregations, already distress 'd and afflicted with the loss of a most 
excellent clergyman. 

But what objections are urged by Ecclesiastes against this young 
gentleman? Why, he is a Poet and a Politician. I own he has talents 
for poetry ; but is this a crime: Would it be just to object to the cele 
brated Dr. Young, that he was a poet ? Will not the abilities which 
enable a person to distinguish himself in that character, enable him 
also to shine, and be extensively useful in other literary departments, 
especially as a clergyman ? It is the first time I have heard shining 
talents objected as a disadvantage in the sacred ministry. 

But he is a Politician ; and Ecclesiastes would insinuate that he is 
unfriendly to the colonies in the present unhappy contest with the 
parent state. There never was a more false or groundless calumny. 
This gentleman has been in England for near a twelvemonth past, 
and has had free admittance to several of the first personages in church 
and state in England ; and I do confidently aver it as an indubitable 
fact founded on the fullest and most authentic evidence, that America 
has not this day a more zealous advocate. He earnestly pleads the cause 
of America says every thing he can in her behalf, tho' at the risk 
of several people's displeasure whom he would not willingly disoblige 
contradicts the false reports that are there propagated to her disad 
vantage, and with filial affection extenuates, and endeavours to throw 
a shade over any irregularities she may have committed. Such is the 
person whom Ecclesiastes would hold up as unfriendly to the colonies, 
and can Americans hear it without indignation? 

This gentleman possesses all the qualifications mentioned by Eccle- 

L 137 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

siastesas requisite in a clergyman, and many others he does not name. 
I need not enlarge on his abilities, for they are universally known and 
acknowledged. Whilst at college, he was noted for his assiduous 
application to study, and for his rapid progress in the several branches 
of science, as well as in the languages. I question whether America 
ever sent a better scholar, of his age, to England, or one that has done 
her more honour. His character has been ever clear of even the sus 
picion of vice or levity: on the contrary, he is, and always has been 
remarkably grave and serious. He has a most engaging sweetness of 
disposition ; and a devout religious turn of mind, which solely induced 
him to enter into holy orders. He has a clear, strong, manly voice, 
which thousands can testify, who have frequently heard him speak in 
our largest church, when crowded at the public commencements. He 
was distinctly heard by all present ; tho' it is well known that on such 
occasions, it is most difficult to fill a church with the voice, and be 
understood. Those who have repeatedly heard him speak publickly 
at college, and at the church of Jamaica, where he read prayers and 
a sermon each Sunday for near a twelvemonth can attest the same. 

Nothing is here meant to the prejudice of Messrs Boiuden and Moore. 
I greatly respect them both, and think them very worthy gentlemen, 
who have inclination and abilities to serve the cause of Religion; and 
I would gladly sit under their Ministry. But my attachment to them 
cannot prevent my abhorrence of a malevolent attempt to blast the 
reputation of another excellent young man * who is an honour to our 
city and will, I firmly believe, be an ornament to religion and letters. 

A REAL CHURCHMAN. 

[*As this expression may be thought to insinuate a suspicion inju 
rious to the two last mentioned gentlemen, the printer thinks it ne 
cessary to declare, that he verily believes neither of them had any 
knowledge of the piece, wherein they were mentioned, signed Eccle- 
siostes, nor knew that any such publication was intended, 'till after it 
appear 'd in the paper. 

The remarks of the above Real Churchman, on the notice I took of 
his piece in my paper of last week, would by no means have been 
omitted, if I could possibly have found room for it in his paper; but 
he may be assured, I shall not fail, in due time, to entertain my read 
ers with so great a curiosity. The PRINTER.] 

C 138 ] 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

It was followed by a second letter, upon which the publisher com 
mented, which was printed in the "Journal" for January 5, 1775. 

THE PRINTER TO THE PUBLIC. . . . The following ... is the curiosity 
I promised in my paper of the 22d of December. 

Mr. HOLT. 

YOUR late apologetical address to the Public in behalf of Ecclesiastes is 
one of the greatest curiosities ( a ) that has appeared in your paper for 
some time. Give me leave to ask you, Sir, what business had you to 
interfere between Ecclesiastes and the Public?^} A scribbler, under 
that signature, flung out calumnies, which were generally applied to 
a worthy person now absent. A friend to that person was desirous 
to set matters in a true light, and counteract the tendency of those 
calumnies : But you step in, espouse the part of Ecclesiastes, and tell 
us a story which has no more relation to the case in hand, than if 
you had amused us with the adventures of Garagantua and Grangoii- 
sier! ( c ) Must not a moment of rational ( d ) reflection have convinced 
you, that this conduct would subject you to suspicions of confederacy 
with Ecclesiastes or even worse? ( e ) Your paper was the vehicle of 
this abuse ; ( f ) it was therefore chosen to convey to the impartial public, 
an antidote against that abuse. I request therefore that you publish 
this and the piece you omitted in your last. ( g ) Justice to yourself and 
to the injured person, ( h ) demands this of you, and the public expects 
it. If you refuse to do this justice to the injured, other presses, thank 
God, are still open to (') A REAL CHURCHMAN. 

Dec. 17, 1774. 

[ a If this letter should not be thought so great a curiosity as might 
have been expected from my account of it, I believe it will be allowed 
to be at least as curious as my apology. 

b I think my foregoing account gives a full answer to this question. 

c These personages I have not the honour to be acquainted with. 
However I flatter myself, that no other reader but the Real Church 
man , will think any thing I said upon the occasion, was either unne 
cessary or impertinent. Nor do I think that any but himself, will 
think I have espoused the cause of Ecclesiastes I said no more than 
I thought necessary for my own justification, what I supposed to be 
Ecclesiastes 's design, and thought both an innocent and a laudable 

C 139 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

one; and if he had any other design, I was entirely unacquainted 
with it. 

d Perhaps this Gentleman is acquainted with some of my irrational 
reflections ; if so, I should be glad if he would point them out to me, 
which might tend to my edification. 

e This is a conclusion to which my reflections have not reached. 
But if any more sagacious Reflector thinks he has made such a dis 
covery, after what I have said, I am perfectly unconcerned about the 
matter, and shall give myself no trouble to alter his opinion, altho' I 
confess it is incomprehensible to me, how he could suppose that the 
description in the card, could be applied to such a character as he has 
given of Mr. Vardill, and which, as far as I know, may be perfectly 
just, tho' it receives no additional support from the Publisher. 

f I cannot conceive how he makes it out, that a caution against a bad 
man, is an abuse to a good one. 

g The last part of this request was unnecessary, as I had repeatedly 
promised it, and he had no reason to think I would break my word. 

h I do not believe the person he here attempts to vindicate, will think 
himself obliged to this writer, for supposing him to be the person 
intended by Ecclesiastes, and answering the description in his card. 
I believe a little rational reflection will convince even the Real Church 
man, that Mr. Vardill could not be the person intended, for besides 
the general disagreement between the description and Mr. Fardiirs 
character, as given by the Real Churchman himself, in some particu 
lars this disagreement amounts to an inconsistency and an impossi 
bility that Mr. Vardill could be the man intended by Ecclesiastes. 

1 The insinuation here implied, that my Press is not free, is ground 
less. I should be glad to publish both sides of any question that con 
cerns the public. Truth and Justice run no hazard in a fair contest 
with its adversaries ; and I am far from declining the combat ; but 
as a weekly paper will contain but a small part of the pieces that are 
necessary to be published on the right side ; I have been obliged in 
a great measure, to confine myself to such My paper is sacred to the 
cause of truth and justice, and I have preferred the pieces, that in my 
opinion, are the most necessary to the support of that cause ; and yet, 
if I could see anything on the opposite side, that had the least degree 
of plausibility, truth and common sense to recommend it, I would 
endeavour to find a place, and give a fair hearing to such a perform- 

C 140 ] 






BENJAMIN MOORE 

ance, but when I see every thing on that side to be no better than 
barefaced attempts to deceive and impose upon the ignorant, and im 
prudently overbear and brazen them out of their reason, their liberty 
and their property I disdain such publications, but yet will meet 
any of them upon fair ground. . . . 

JOHN HOLT.] 

In the meantime the vestry of Trinity Church had elected at its meet 
ing December 6, 1774, the Rev. John Vardill as an assistant, at a sal 
ary of one hundred pounds a year. In the resolution it was ordered 
"that a Subscription be started as a further provision for Mr. Inglis 
and Mr. Vardill, it being expected that the latter would receive some 
support as 'one of the Professors of the College.' " Two days later 
this letter appeared in James Rivington's "New York Gazetteer : " 

Mr. Rivington, 

PLEASE to give a place in your next, to the following full and com 
plete answer to the infamous innuendos contained in Holt's last Thurs 
day's Paper: 

" On Thursday last the Rector, Church Wardens and Vestry, unani 
mously elected the Rev. Mr. VARDILL, to be an assistant Minister and 
Lecturer in the Churches of this City." 

In the same issue there also appeared the following notice : 

' ' New York, December 8 . Letters by the last packet bring information, 
that his Majesty has been graciously pleased to found a Professorship 
of Divinity, in the College of this City, with a salary from home ; and 
to appoint the Rev. JOHN VARDILL, A.M. at this time in England to be 
his first Royal Professor: the prime instance we apprehend of the like 
nature in America." 

: - ' ' : 

It is uncertain whether Mr. Vardill ever returned to New York, al 
though the General Catalogue of Columbia University, 1906, in its 
notice of him states that the subjects of history and languages were 
added to his professorship in 1775, and that he retired in 1776. The 
Rev. Dr. Berrian, in his "Historical Sketch," says of Mr. Vardill : 
"In 1774, the Rev. John Vardill, God-father of Gen. Laight, now 
a member of the Vestry, was called as an Assistant Minister of Trinity 

C 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Church. He was then in England, but in consequence of the troubles 
which were impending over the colonies, he never entered upon the 
duties of his office." 

Mr. Vardill's knowledge of public affairs in the colonies, particularly 
those of the Province of New York, made him useful to the govern 
ment, and for some years after 1776 he was in the secret service of 
Lord North under the special direction of William Eden, then under 
Secretary of State, afterward the first Lord Auckland. In the Eden 
manuscripts preserved at King's College, Cambridge, are several 
letters from him, showing that he was a careful observer, and gath 
ered valuable information from his American friends then in Europe 
and from correspondents in New York City. In Benjamin Franklin 
Stevens's "Facsimiles of Manuscripts in European Archives relat 
ing to America, 1773 to 1783," it is shown that he was very active in 
searching out the particulars concerning the designs of Captain Joseph 
Hynson of Maryland, who appears from the letters and documents in 
the Eden papers to have been a bearer of despatches in his sloop from 
France to England and England to France for both the British and 
Americans, and to have been in the pay of both. When Mr. Eden 
was preparing for the voyage to America as one of the commissioners 
empowered ' ' to treat, consult and agree upon the means of quieting 
the Disorders now subsisting in certain of our Colonies, Plantations 
and Provinces in North America," Mr. Vardill wrote a series of 
1 ' Sketches ' ' for him. The state of public opinion and the characters of 
men prominent in the Revolution are freely and frankly set forth in them . 
They reflect contemporary loyalist opinion as well as Mr. Vardill's 
own observation. It will be remembered that conciliation was the pol 
icy of the Tory party in Parliament, and was taken up by the Whigs 
after the defeat of General Burgoyne at Saratoga, October 17, 1777. 
The commissioners were Admiral Lord Viscount Howe, General Sir 
William Howe, William Eden, and George Johnston. Mr. Vardill's 
"Sketches," so far as is known, have never before been printed. 

SKETCHES 
SIR, 

THO I am sensible that you will derive much better Information from 
others, I am inclined to believe that your Humanity suggested the 
request in your note, to relieve my mind of pain from a rejection of 

C 142 ] 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

my former proposal ; yet I will deliver my Opinions without reserve, 
persuaded from your Candour, that they may be as safely trusted 
with you as in my own Bosom. To secure the Respect of the People in 
general especially in the Middle & Eastern Provinces, you will find it 
prudent to maintain a Gravity in your Deportment, to join as little as 
possible in Convivial Parties & Public Diversions. The .Religious Prin 
ciple has much influence among them; you will not therefore display 
even an appearance of contemning it by neglecting public Worship. 

You will find the Loyalists in general in America, too much under 
the impulse of Passion and Prejudice to be relied on for Information, 
& too obnoxious to the leading Rebels to be of any service in concili 
ating their affections. You will therefore be difficult to access to them 
on your arrival, as it will save you the necessity of disobliging them 
of the pain of perpetual applications for Assistance & Favours. Among 
those who will first wait on you at New Yorke will be Gov Tryon & 
his Council. Tho a Gentleman of Integrity & Fortitude, M r . Tryon 
is made by his Vanity, a Dupe to every flattering Impostor Wil 
liam Smith, Esq r ., who was his Premier manag d him by this string, 
& made him suppose, that the whole Dissenting Interest in the Pro 
vince would obey his Nod. Being deceived & insulted, by them, you 
will find him too much guided by personal Resentment to be trusted. 
His indiscreet Letter to one of the Rebel Commanders averring his 
inclination to fire every Committeeman's House thro' the Country, has 
made him very odious &. ridiculous. 

His Secretary Col: Fanning is a plausible good natured Gentleman: 
but of shallow understanding, & held for this affectation in Contempt 
by those in the Congress who are acquainted with him. Messr 8 Morris, 
White & Wallace are possessed of no influence & not worth your at 
tention. Gen! Delancey, who also is of the Council & Mr. James De- 
lancey of the Assembly of New York are remarkable for their good 
sense & knowledge of the Country & Influence among the Loyalists. 
They are possessed of large property in the Province. 

Mr. James D has been in England during the War. He is inti 
mate with Burke & Fox & is related to the Duke of Grafton. 

Tho' I introduced him a few days ago to L d North as a Person I wish" 1 
not to have as an Enemy to the Commission, Yet I think he should not 
be confided in tho treated with attention as he will probably corre 
spond with some of the Leaders in opposition. 

C 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

He is exceedingly open to Flattery, so that tho' naturally reserved ; 
if he finds himself listened to without contradiction, & is pampered 
with praise, he will disclose his opinions freely & without disguise. He 
may be a very dangerous enemy tho it is not in his power to be very 
useful as a Friend. 

It may deserve your attention, that for many years, two Parties have 
contended for power in the Province of New York the one, which 
was the C^wrc^-Interest, headed by theDelancies, & the Dissenting led 
by the Livingstons & Smiths. The latter, who joined the Rebels are now 
the prevailing Party in the Province. You will therefore see a reason 
for not countenanceing openly the Delancey-Party, nor meddling with 
it, as it will operate strongly in preventing the Rebel Faction from 
listning to terms a desire of depressing their Opponents & govern 
ing themselves having been one motive to join in the Rebellion. Indeed 
I humbly conceive it will, in general answer no good purpose, to show 
a preference to any man or Family, friendly to Government ; but to act 
without apparent attachment or connection with any. 

You will find it of essential importance to engage, if possible, WIL 
LIAM SMITH, one of the Council of New York in your service. He now 
resides near Albany, & has more influence over the Rebels in the Pro 
vince than any other Person. The titular Gov r Clinton was his Pupil 
& is his Creature. He is subtle cool & persuasive. He corresponded with 
L d Dartmouth 8c aspired to be Lieut : Governor of the Province. He 
may be secured by an application to his Ambition. 

JOHN JAY Esq= Chief Justice of the Province &c member of the Con 
tinental Congress, is possessed of a strong understanding tho much 
perverted by the study of the Law joind to a Temper naturally con 
troversial. You can sooner gain him to your opinion by Submitting to 
be confuted by him, than by a direct attempt to convince him. He has 
but a small fortune & is married to a Daughter of Gov Livingston of 
New Jersey. A prospect of Keeping his present Office of Chief Justice, 
would probably weigh much with him, as he, before the War, Sol- 
licited with Mr. Robert Livingston, thro Me to be appointed a puisne 
Judge. He is obstinate, indefatigable, & dogmatical : but by his cour 
age, zeal & abilities as a writer & Speaker has much Popularity leads 
the other delegates & has much influence with his Father-in-law . 

ROBERT LIVINGSTON Esq r Chancellor, &. a member of the Continental 
Congress, is the hope & main spring of that Family. His talents are 

144 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

more specious than solid. He is elegant in his manners, persuasive 
in his address, without the bitterness & warmth of the Partisan, & 
desirous of honours & wealth chiefly to employ them in Pleasures 
a prospect of the eminence of his Family & of retaining his present 
office of Chancellor, will much influence him. 

EGBERT BENSON Esq r attorney Gen! is a person of probity &. plain un 
derstanding. He will be guided effectually by the Example of the two 
former Gentlemen in whose Abilities he has an implicit confidence. 

JAMES DUANE EsoJ*. Delegate for the Province, is a plodding Law 
yer, whose skill is derived entirely from application to Business, of 
little influence, a slave to Avarice capable of any meanness to gratify 
it. He is son-in-law to Mr. Livingston of the manor (whose son lately 
left England for America favourably disposed toward Government) & 
will follow the Family Interest. 

These are the only Persons of the Province of New York in the 
Congress-cause, who are worthy your attention. 

In Pennsylvania, among the Principal Loyalists you will find Joseph 
Galloway Estf author of the "Calm Address." He is a man of In 
tegrity, much esteemed by the People, & possessd of an improved 
understanding: but he is too fond of System & his natural warmth 
of Temper, inflamed by the oppressions & indignities he has suffered, 
will render you cautious of trusting to his Representations. You will, 
however, find him too valuable to be neglected. 

Among others who will endeavour to obtain access to you, will Be 
Dr William Smith & Judge Allen who were warm Champions of the 
Rebellion, untill they thought the Cause dangerous, from the success of 
Gen 1 Howe on Long Island & in New Jersey, when they apostatized & 
became loyalists. They are cool unprincipled men ; but as they were 
thoroughly acquainted with the Character of the Rebel Leaders you 
cannot consult Persons who will be more able to give you information 
on these subjects. They must, however, be noticed with infinite cir 
cumspection, as they are detested by the People of America in general. 

WILLIAM LIVINGSTON, Gov r of New Jersey is a man of Genius & 
Learning, an elegant writer, in principle a Republican, & a violent 
advocate for Independency, which has ever been his favourite Object. 
He is a man of Integrity, tho warm in his Resentments & stern in the 
exercise of his authority. He is the author of the American Whig & 
Independent Reflector, is ambitious of the Character of a Free thinker, 

C 145 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

idolises Sydney, Hampden & Gordon, & will be found the most inflexi 
ble enemy to Reconciliation. He is much however under the influ 
ence of his son-in-law M r Jay for whose talents he has the fondest 
partiality. 

The sketches S r are drawn from my own Knowledge of the Persons 
described. The subject is delicate, but where the public good is con- 
cern'd, tho I spoke of my friends, as many of these Gen'f are it would 
be highly criminal to conceal the truth. 

With respect S r to the great end of your Commission, I shall have 
little hope of its success, unless D r Franklin has privately approved 
of the plan, & will forward it with his influence. 

For 

Some of the Congress are friends to Independency from principle, 
& others will not readily agree to measures which will sink them to 
their primitive Obscurity. 

The Body of the People are, I believe, for Peace, but they will be 
awed into silence & acquiescence by the Army & Committees who are 
of the same Spirit & character as the Congress. 

You will pardon me for submitting with all Humility & Diffidence, 
my Sentiments on this important Subject, which tho they may be 
ridiculous, can do no hurt. To make it the Interest of the Congress 
&. army to close with you will be of the first Consequence. From the 
many Conversations I have held with the Ambitious in America, & 
from the nature of the thing itself, it appears to me, that to propose 
a scheme of Government by a Parliament in the Colonies composed 
of an Order of Nobles or Patricians, & a lower House of Delegates 
from the different Assemblies (the respective Provinces being left as 
to merely local affairs to the jurisdiction of their several accustom'd 
Legislatures) to take place on their returning to their allegiance 
would have a great influence on those who now possess the supreme 
authority ; as their present precarious power would be by this means 
secured to themselves & handed down to their Posterity. 

The Army might be also perhaps secured by an agreement that the 
officers & soldiers should be continued in their rank & pay & em 
ployed in the service of the Empire, against our common Enemies; 
until it should be thought convenient by the American Legislature or 
the King as first executive Magistrate to disband them. 

Should these loose hints prove of any service the Author will be very 

C 146 ] 



:i BENJAMIN MOORE 

happy, as the highest wish of his Heart is the public Good. Or if they 
even only amuse you for a moment on your voyage it will be suffi 
cient reward to him as he is most gratefully & sincerely yours 

April ii. 1778. 

At the close of the Revolution Mr. Vardill spent some time in Ire 
land, and finally in 1785 he was presented to the rectory of Skirbeck 
and Fishtoft in Lincolnshire, and died in 1811, in his sixtieth year. 
Early in the Revolution Mr. Vardill, with other loyalists, was severely 
lampooned by various versifiers. The most poetic of them was Dr. 
John Trumbull, a native of Connecticut, and afterward a member of 
the legislature and judge of the superior court of that state. In 1774 
he wrote the first canto of a mock-heroic epic poem, "McFingal," 
in the style of Buder's "Hudibras." His satire was largely against 
the clergy and members of the Church. It was very popular, and 
went through thirty pirated, besides six regular, editions previous to 
1800. This is a sample of his verse: 

" In Vardill that poetic zealot 
I view a lawn bediznd prelate; 
While mitres fall, as 'tis their duty, 
On heads of Chandler and Auchmuty" 

Benjamin Moore. 

See sketch in Volume II, page 230. 

Abraham Reach. 

See sketch preceding letter of May 16, 1827. 

Uzal Ogden. 

See sketch in Volume III, page 222, and also notice in Volume II, 

page 141. 

John Bissett. 

See notice in Volume II, page 419. 

Robert Elliston. 

Mr. Elliston was for many years comptroller of his Majesty's cus 
toms in the city of New York. He was a man of refinement and educa- 

[ 147 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

tion, and had one of the largest and best selected private libraries in 
the city. His bookplate is well known and appreciated by collectors. In 
addition to his gift to Trinity Church he presented books to St. George's 
Church, Hempstead. In 1747 he gave a silver alms bason to Trinity 
Church. The diameter was twelve and three-quarters inches, and the 
weight thirty-two ounces and ten pennyweights. It is still in use. It 
is thus inscribed on the obverse, engraved in the centre : 

FOR THE 
SACRED SERVICE 

OF 
GOD OUR SAVIOUR : 

ACCORDING TO 
THE USAGE AND RITES OF THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND 

THE 

REVEREND HENRY BARCLAY RECTOR 
OF HOLY TRINITY CHURCH IN NEW YORK 

PRESENTER, 
IN THE OF THE 

G. R. 

NAME DONOR 
FEST. ANNUNC. B. VIRG. MDCCXLVII. 

Engraved around the rim : 

AN OFFERING OF A FREE HEART WILL I GIVE THEE AND PRAISE THY NAME O LORD: BECAUSE IT'S SO 
COMFORTABLE. AMEN. ALLELUIA ! AMEN. LIV. PSALM VI. VERSE. 

On the reverse is engraved the coat of arms of Robert Elliston, with 
the inscription: 

HAEC 

AMULA SEU LANX 

HUIC ECCLESIAE 

CONFERTUR. 

The initials " G. R. " are repeated four times. They are supposed to be 
the initials of the silversmith, George Ridout of London, who was 
entered asa freeman of New York, February 18, 1745. Mr. Elliston was 
vestryman of the parish from 1713 to 1726, and from 1740 to 1756. 
It is conjectured that he died in 1756. His widow, Mrs. Mary Elliston, 
died at her farm near Kingsbridge, February 14, 1775, in the eighti- 

C 148 ] 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

eth year of her age. A granddaughter, Miss Fanny Hamilton, was mar 
ried to William Pinto, merchant of the Island of Trinidad, in Trinity 
Church, New York City, by the Rev. Dr. Moore, December 24, 1789. 

St. John's Chapel. 

This building was completed and consecrated in 1807 by Bishop 
Moore. The sermon was preached by the Rev. Dr. Isaac Wilkins of 
Westchester. Hudson Square, upon which it was located, soon became 
the most aristocratic section of the city, and St. John's Chapel was 
filled by its residents. The chapel cost one hundred and seventy-two 
thousand eight hundred and thirty-three dollars. In 1826 a new rec 
tory was built, adjoining the chapel, which was occupied by Bishop 
Hobart, Dr. Berrian, and Dr. Dix. In about 1870 it was made into 
Trinity Infirmary, and is now the home of the parish missioner, the 
Rev. William Wilkinson. For many years the annual Convention of 
the diocese was held at St. John's. The fourth Bishop of New York, 
Dr. Benjamin Onderdonk, was consecrated there November 26, 1830, 
as was Dr. Channing Moore Williams for China, October 3, 1866. 
The General Convention held its sessions there in 1847, 1853, and 
1874. Under changed conditions and the removal of the population, the 
chapel remains principally as an historic landmark. The plans for the 
widening of Varick Street, approved in 1911 by the city authorities, 
make its demolition certain in the near future. 

Trinity Church Library. 

The foundation of this library was a small collection of theological 
books and tracts sent over early in the eighteenth century by the Ven 
erable Propagation Society for the use of the ministers of the parish. 
It was added to from time to time. The books were kept in the rec 
tor's house. A full list of books given at various times by Mr. Ellis- 
ton, which were one hundred and sixteen folio and quarto volumes, 
and the other volumes then in the library, is given in the Records 
of Trinity Parish, volume i, pages 210-212, 218-220. After the fire 
of 1776 the remaining volumes were stored in a small room in St. 
Paul's Chapel, and nearly forgotten. 

Austin Baxter Keep, in his "History of the New York Society Li 
brary," says on page 36: 

"There is real romance in the story of what next befell this fire- 

[ 149 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

spared remnant. In the words of Nathaniel F. Moore, president of 
Columbia College, when referring to the transfer of the Library and 
other effects of King's College to the City Hall in May, 1776: 

"Almost all the apparatus, and a large proportion of the books be 
longing to the College, were wholly lost to it in consequence of this 
removal ; and of the books recovered, six or seven hundred volumes 
were so, only after about thirty years, when they were found, with as 
many belonging to the N. Y. Society Library, and some belonging 
to Trinity Church, in a room in St. Paul's Chapel, where, it seemed, 
no one but the Sexton had been aware of their existence, and neither 
he nor any body else could tell how they had arrived there.' 

"In consequence of this statement, the belief very naturally came 
to prevail that the books were in some way wholly hidden from the 
view and from the actual knowledge of all the church officers. In fact 
it has been solemnly assumed that the doorway to their place of re 
pository was carefully walled up for their preservation! But from press 
comments at the time the miscellaneous assortment was 'discovered,' 
it appears that even then the story though not the collection was 
pronounced an invention, 'a hoax* ! Upon investigation, the editor of 
the Morning Chronicle on December 14, 1802, gave the following ex 
planation of current lively rumors : 

' 'There are in a room in the east corner of St. Paul's church, about 
two thousand volumes consisting chiefly of latin and English authors. 
They are the remains of a library presented by different persons to 
Trinity church, many years since, which were saved from the flames 
when that edifice was consumed, and were lodged in the hands of 
bishop Inglis. On his removal to Nova-Scotia (at the evacuation of 
this city by the British forces) they were conveyed from his house to 
St. Paul's Church, where they have ever since remained. They were 
not forgotten, as reported, but have been visited frequently by bishop 
Provoost and others.' 

' ' It would seem that ' others ' did indeed know of their existence 
prior to this date, for exactly a year previously Mr. John Pintard, one 
of the most public-spirited men of his day, had written in his diary: 
'Conversed with Bishop Moore on forming a Theological Library 
under the auspices of Trinity Church.' Enough of a stir, however, 
was occasioned by the newspaper disclosures for the college authorities 
to claim the neglected remnant of the King's College Library. And 

C 150 ] 



BENJAMIN MOORE 

friends of the Society Library no doubt as promptly recovered such 
of its property as could be identified, though the minutes of its Trustees 
do not mention the circumstance at all, in their brief chronicles of the 
few meetings held at that period." 

When the General Theological Seminary was founded the library 
was given to it. 

Grace Church. 

Negotiations for the purchase of property belonging to the Lutheran 
Society, on the corner of Broadway and Rector Street, upon which 
had stood the Lutheran Church, burned in the fire of 1776, were 
commenced as early as March 8, 1802. The purchase was made in 
August, 1804, and the sum paid was sufficient to yield an interest of 
four hundred pounds a year to the Lutheran Society and the expense 
of purchasing the reversion of the lease of the tenants. In the same 
year a memorial from John Boonen Graves and other members of the 
parish was presented, praying for the erection of a church south and 
west of St. Paul's. The church was completed in 1808, and conse 
crated December 21 of that year by Bishop Moore. It was considered 
remarkable for its architecture and interior richness of furnishing and 
decorations . The parish was organized under the name of Grace Church 
in 1808. Its first wardens were Nicholas Low and Herman Le Roy. 
The Rev. Nathaniel Bowen, afterward Bishop of South Carolina, was 
the first rector. His successors have been James Montgomery, Jonathan 
May hew Wainwright, afterward Provisional Bishop of New York, 
Thomas House Taylor, Henry Codman Potter, afterward Bishop of 
New York, and William Reed Huntington. The present church build 
ing at Broadway and Tenth Street was consecrated March 18, 1846. 
In January, 1912, the rector was the Rev. Charles Lewis Slattery. As 
recorded in the American Church Almanac for 1912, the number of 
communicants was one thousand five hundred and twelve. 



TRINITY CHURCH, NEW YORK 

IN the Archives of the General Convention there is a summary of 
the history of the parish of Trinity Church in the city of New 
York from its commencement to May 14, 1781. It was compiled by 
Anthony Van Dam, who was vestryman from 1763 to 1783. It con 
tains twenty-nine closely written pages, and the most appropriate 
place to insert it is here, in connection with Bishop Moore's report on 
the parish. It is accordingly given below. Apart from this there is no 
need to go into any details regarding the past of the venerable parish. 
Ample justice has been done to the history of that parish by two of its 
rectors. These volumes are easily accessible. In 1847 the Rev. Dr. Wil 
liam Berrian published * * An Historical Sketch of Trinity Church, ' ' in 
which the events of the parish from its foundation to 1846 were briefly 
treated. From 1898 to 1906, under the editorship of the Rev. Dr. Mor 
gan Dix, there appeared a "History of the Parish of Trinity Church 
in the City of New York," a full and detailed account in four vol 
umes. It ended with the close of the rectorship of Dr. Berrian, in 
November, 1862. The rectorship of Dr. Dix will be treated in two 
forthcoming volumes, already prepared. It will suffice to give here 
only the names of the rectors of the church, and of the edifices in 
the parish. 

RECTORS OF TRINITY CHURCH, 1696-1912 

Henry Compton, Bishop of London 1696-1698 

William Vesey 1698-1746 

Henry Barclay 1 746-1 764 

Samuel Auchmuty 1764-1777 

Charles Inglis 1777-1783 

Benjamin Moore 1783 

Samuel Provoost 1784-1800 

Benjamin Moore 1800-1816 

John Henry Hobart 1816-1830 

William Berrian 1830-1862 

Morgan Dix 1862-1908 

William Thomas Manning 1908 

Benjamin Moore is inserted twice as rector because, though he was not 

[ 152 3 



TRINITY CHURCH 

allowed to exercise the office of rector after his first election in 1783, 
he always considered himself as the duly elected rector. 

CHURCH EDIFICES 
(With the date of ereflion, consecration, or incorporation into the Parish. \ 

Trinity Church, third edifice 1846 

St. Paul's Chapel 1766 

St. John's Chapel 1807 

Trinity Chapel 1855 

St. Agnes's Chapel 1892 

St. Luke's Chapel 1892 

St. Cornelius's Chapel, Governor's Island 1906 

Chapel of the Intercession 1907 

Mission Chapel of St. Chrysostom 1867 

Mission Chapel of St. Augustine 1877 

St. Luke's Chapel was the church edifice of the parish of St. Luke, 
organized in 1820 in Greenwich Village. The church was built in 
1821 and consecrated in 1823. When the parish purchased a new 
site on Convent Avenue and 141st Street, the old church was made 
a chapel of Trinity Parish. St. Cornelius's Chapel takes the place of a 
small Gothic wooden church built and designed by the Rev. Professor 
John McVickar of Columbia College, who served as chaplain at the 
military post on Governor's Island from 1844 to 1862. Under an ar 
rangement with the United States War Department, made in 1868, 
Trinity Parish provides a resident clergyman for the post. A parish 
known as the Church of the Intercession, Carmansville, was organ 
ized in 1847. The church organization was dissolved and the church 
edifice made a chapel of Trinity Parish, June 17, 1907. A new group 
of buildings for the chapel is in process of erection upon a vacant plot 
in Trinity cemetery, on the corner of Broadway and 155th Street. 
In January, 1912, the foundations were being laid for the erection 
of a chapel to Trinity Church, as an extension to the sacristy on the 
northern side. It is to be called the chapel of All Saints, and is to be 
a memorial to Dr. Dix. In it will be gathered the memorials which, 
in the shape of tablets and monuments, are now hidden away in the 
sacristies of the parish church. The American Church Almanac for 
1912 returns a total number of communicants for the whole parish, 

C 153 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

including the mother church and its chapels, of eight thousand seven 
hundred and thirteen. 



[ ABSTRACT FROM THE MINUTES OF THE VESTRY OF TRINITY CHURCH, NEW 
YORK, JUNE 28, 1697-MAY 14, 1781 ] 

NOTES of every material Transa6tion of the VES 
TRY | of TRINITY CHURCH | in the City of | NEW 
YORK | from its Foundation Ann 1 696 | and Incorporation | 
by His Excellency Col Benja: Fletcher | Governor of the 
Province In the year of our LORD CHRIST 1697 In which 
is shewn the ZEAL & LABOR of the pious promoters of that | 
LAUDABLE WORK. | and that their Successors have been no 
less solicitious for its Opulence and Grandeur Extracted 
for the use of succeeding Members 

ANTHO VAN DAM. 
1781. 

Abstracts from the Minutes of Vestry 

1697 June 28. The following Gentlemen appear to be the 
first promoters in building Trinity Church. 



William Merritt 
Thomas Burroughs 
Thomas Clarke 
James Evets 
Michael Howden 
Thorn! Wenham 
Caleb Heathcoate 



John Crooke 
Lawrence Reade 
Ebenezer Wilson 
David Jameson 
Gabriel Ludlow 
Robert Lurting 



Will Morris 
Nath a Marston 
Sam 1 Burte 
Will Hudleston 
Will Sharpas 
Will Janeway 
James Emott 



John Tudor 

30 June. Resolved that the minutes be entered in the 
name of the Church Wardens and Vestry of the Eng 
lish. Protestant Church of the City of New York 
Incorporated by the name of Trinity Church Parish. 

C 154 H 



TRINITY CHURCH 

3 July. The Steeple begun. 

23 Aug^ The Church Wardens and Vestry to meet 
every Monday night to pay the Labourers. 

23 O6lo The Governor granted the produce of all Weifts 
Wreck and drift wales for the use of the Corpora 
tion to carry on the building of the Church. 
No Negroes to be buried in the Limitts of the 
Churchyard. 

i Nov 1 : So much were the Church Wardens and Ves 
try straightened for money, that they could not pay 
the Labourers untill Cap Thomas Wenham lent 
the Corporation. Ten Pounds which discharged all 
their wages. 

A Latin Inscription ordered to be cut in Stone and 
placed under the Governors Coat of Arms. 
In English thus. 

THIS TRINITY CHURCH WAS FOUNDED IN THE EIGHTH YEAR OF THE 
REIGN OF THE MOST ILLUSTROUS SOVEREIGN LORD WILLIAM THE 
THIRD BY THE GRACE OF GOD KING OF ENGLAND SCOTLAND FRANCE 
AND IRELAND DEFENDER OF THE FAITH, AND IN THE YEAR OF OUR 
LORD 1696. AND BUILT BY THE VOLUNTARY CONTRIBUTION & GIFTS 
OF SOME PERSONS AND CHIEFLY ENCOURAGED AND PROMOTED BY 
THE BOUNTY OF HIS EXCELLENCY COLL BENJAMIN FLETCHER CAP 
TAIN GENERAL & GOVERNOR IN CHIEF OF THIS PROVINCE IN THE 
TIME OF WHOSE GOVERNMENT THE INHABITANTS OF THIS CITY OF 
THE PROTESTANT RELIGION OF THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND AS NOW 
ESTABLISHED BY LAW WERE INCORPORATED BY A CHARTER UNDER 
THE SEAL OF THE PROVINCE, AND MANY OTHER VALUABLE GIFTS 
HE GAVE TO IT OF HIS PRIVATE FORTUNE. 

6 Dec r The Scaffold of the Steeple was Struck. 
*i?9f i? Jany Doors to the Church ordered to be made. 

A Clerk just appointed with a Salary of ,=20 p an. 

*Errorfor 1698. ED. 

C 155 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

21 The Church ordered to be cleared that Divine Ser 
vice be performed the Sunday following. 

7 feb? Pulpit to be Erected. 

1698. Mar. 26. Gallery designed to be built on the south side 

of the Church at the Charge of Government for the 
use of Governor Council &c. 
A Bible and other Books presented by the Gov 
ernor. 

25 April Easter Offerings at the Communion assigned 

to the Reclor. 

26 ... Easter Tuesday was the first Election of 

Church Wardens and Vestry, viz. 2 Church War 
dens & 20 Vestrymen. 
9 May A register of Christenings & Burials ordered. 

8 June Bishop of London presented Books towards 

forming a library by the Governor the Earl of Bel- 
lomont to be in the care of the Re6lor Mr. Vesey. 
M r . Wenham to use his influence with the House 
of Assembly to have the Charter confirmed by an 
A61 of Assembly. 
Pews to be built. 
24 July Bell Ringers Sallary 4O/ pr Annum. 

1699. 14 July 24/. pr week to be paid to the Re6lor out of 

the Collections at Church on Sundays for his better 
support. 

21 Novi: The Lord Bishop of Bristol gave flagging 
Stones which arrived in the Pink Blossom. 

1700 15 Nov 1 : West Gallary contracted for to be built for 

160. 

1701 2 June Address to Lord Cornbury on his arrival 

C 156 3 



TRINITY CHURCH 

expressive of the Corporations apprehensions of 
Church affairs. 
His Majesty's Letter. 

1 8 Nov. Application to be made to his Majesty for a New 
Charter through the Interest of the Arch Bishop 
of Canterbury, Bishop of London and, Coll? Rob 
ert Quarry to Sollicit it. 

1702. 6 Aug* Kings Farm held by lease from Lord Corn- 
bury and leased out by the Vestry at 35. p. Ann 

17O| 19 feby The Vestry propose to relinquish so much of 
the Kings Farm as would be necessary to build a 
Colledge which was then in Contemplation. 
The Vestry Committee to treat with Isaac De Rei- 
mer for a Lott laying to Trinity Church. 
Committee to wait on Major De Brower and get 
him to execute a deed for ground he pretends to, 
in the Bounds of Trinity Church Charter and 
To meet the managers of the Dutch Congregation 
and get them to sign a resignation of their preten- 
tions to Land in said Charter. 

1 703 3 June Ordered payment to David Jamison for draw 
ing the Deed of the Burial Ground granted by the 
: City of New York to Trinity Church. 

1 704. 14 June Ordered 4-. 1 2.0 be paid to M r . Ludlow Clerk 
of Assembly for fees on an Act granting priviledges 
to Trinity Church. 

24 July A Reference relating to M r De Reimer's pre- 
tentions to a Piece of Ground behind Trinity Church 
M r . Barbaric and M r Van Dam referees to Value 
said Lott. 



157 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

A Room to be built in the Belfry for the Reftor to 
retire in. 

Tate and Brady s Psalms to be sung. 
23 Aug*. Table of fees for Funerals Baptisms and Mar 
riages. 
Gabriel Ludlow to be Clerk of Vestry Salary 6. 

i7of. feb. 14 Church Farm rented to George Riders at ^63 2. 
The Bell hung at the Expense of =6.17.0. 

1705. 30 Apl. Seal of the Corporation left to the Contrivance 

of a Committee. 

13 June An address ordered to be presented to the Gov 
ernor for the Queens Farm And Queens Garden 
Granted to the Corporation of the Church. The 
Governor Attorney Gen 1 . Bickly and M r Secretary 
Clarke gave their fees to the Patent. 
Committee appointed to purchase Stone for carry 
ing on building of the Steeple. 

1 707 9 Apl M r . Tothill appears to be one of the first 1 2 Man 
agers in promoting the building of the Church. 
The Queens Garden granted to the Church to be 
inclosed with a good Fence. 

j. 2 feb. A list of writings belonging to the Church de 
livered by M r Jameson to Coll? Wenham, viz 
A Patent for the Queens Farm and Garden 
A Lease of the Farm 

A conveyance of the Ground behind the Church 
by M r De Reimer 

A counterpart of George Riderse lease of the Farm 
The Citys Grant of the Burying Ground. 
3 feb. Ordered payment to Coll de Brower for his Lott 
within the Boundaries of the Church. 

C 158 H 



TRINITY CHURCH 

lyof 11 Jany To Treat with Persons for carrying on the 
Steeple and produce a Model thereof. 

1 709. 2 June From the expiration of the provinces revenue 
The Rector M r . Vesey to be paid ^26 p Ann for 
House rent out of the Queens Farm. 
1 7 A Full representation to the Bishop of London of the 
Farm and Garden. By which it seems that it did 
belong to the Dutch West India Company, and en 
joyed by their Governors untill New York became 
a Territory of Great Brittain. Then used by the 
British Governors by the name of the Duke's Farm 
and Garden, which Farm and Garden was leased 
the 19 Aug 1 1697. to the Church for 7 years, And 
again demised to the Church by Viscount Corn- 
bury from 9 May 1 702 so long a time as he should 
remain Governor writesthat a Patent was granted 
to the Corporation of Trinity Church the 23. Nov r 
1705 But apprehended it might be disputed. And 
therefore sollicits his Graces interposition with her 
Majesty to Confirm the Grant. 

17 Aug r . Resolved to Petition the Assembly for leave to 
bring in a Bill to confirm the Grant of the Queens 
Farm & Garden. 

24 Nov. The Printer to reprint the A6ls of Assembly 
relating to Trinity Church. 

1 7?. 1 5 Dec r Form of a Patent for a Pew in the Church. 
1 3 feby M r . Hobbs to be undertaker for building the Spire. 

1710 July 16 Address to Governor Hunter soliciting his ap 
probation and recommendation of the Vestry peti 
tion to her Majesty for Letters Patent of Farm and 
Garden to be confirmed 

C 159 H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 
19 Dec. State of Church Credits stood at ^497.18.0!. 

1 7n 5 Feby The Church Wardens to article with M r . Lewis 
for building the Spire. 

1711. 16 April Masons engaged at 6/ 6. p r Day and La 
bourers at a/ 3 for performing stone work to the 
Steeple. 

1713. 3 Aug*. Peter Barbaric one of the Church Wardens 
reported that M r Jamison another of the Church 
Wardens who was also Attorney General prose 
cuted in Chancery for rent of the Queens Farm. 
Ordered all papers to be taken out of his hands rela 
tive to the Church. 

Persons elected to be Church Wardens or Vestry 
who do refuse or negle6l to attend, others to be 
elected in their places. 

No Copies of the Minutes of Vestry to be delivered 
without consent of the Rector and one of the Church 
Wardens. 

1774 21 J any - Address to Queen Anne on the Peace then con 
cluded enumerates her protection and donations 
mentions the Tenure of her Farm and Garden 
leased by her Governors who remitted the rent 
their Benifactions and promoting the Interest of the 
Church And finaly her Majestys Grant of the 
Farm and Garden under the Seal of the Province 
mentions her Majestys Munificence and Good 
ness in Establishing the Church in America, and 
instructs her Governors whereby no definite Judge 
ment be given in any Court to the Prejudice of the 
Church without resort to her Majesty Acknow 
ledges it a mark of her Majestys Paternal affection 
in appointing Governor Nicholson to Inspect and re- 
C 160 1 



TRINITY CHURCH 

present the affairs of the Church That the Church 
Corporation is prosecuted for rent of the Farm and 
Garden and their Title held disputable by the Attor 
ney General, pray for confirming the Letters Pa 
tent and Stopping the prosecution 
Likewise to Establish Bishops in America. 
Letter to the Bishop of London. 

19 feby. It appears that great offences had been com 
mitted against the Church and threats against the 
Re6lor, The Vestry apply to the Council declaring 
their abhorance of the Prophane and Sacriledgious 
Tra6ls against the Church and Minister and ac 
knowledge the Pious Endeavors of the Dutch and 
French congregations for discovery of the Perpe 
trators & likewise to represent the dangerous con 
sequences of the Licentious Scoffing It seems that 
in consequence of the above unseemly behavior, the 

1715. 15 Nov. Re6lor had undertaken a Voyage to London 
and returned, bringing his Majesty s letter to the 
Governor for the time being, directing him to Issue 
his warrant to the Church Wardens of the City to 
pay the Re6lors Salary agreeable to A61 of Assem 
bly. Thanks to the Society for sending. M r . Jenney 
as assistant 

1715. 6 Dec r The City Vestry refuse the Salary granted by 
Act of Assembly application to be made the Mayor 
and Corporation in Virtue of an A61. intitled An 
A6t for Setling a Ministry and raising a Maintain- 
ance for them &c. and also an Ac!: for the better 
establishment of the maintainance for the Minister 
of the City of New York. 
No Minutes to be delivered. 

C 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

An association recommended by the Governor for 
defending his Majestys Rightfull sovereignty and 
to mark those that refuse. 

1 7J| 2 Jan?. The Vestrys representation to Governor Hunter 
Relates that the Re6lor undertook a Voyage to Lon 
don to make known the threats against the Church. 
That the Justices stopt the Rectors salary directed 
by Act of Assembly on pretence that he did not 
Officiate That he being in England did Implore his 
Majestys gracious Letter to his Excellency to en- 
joyn the Justices to Issue those Warrants for pay 
ment. But still refused notwithstanding it was col 
lected and could not be appropriated to any other 
Purpose. 

Ministers of the Justices and Vestrymen of the City 
of New York, relative to the non payment of the 
Rectors Salary. 

1716. 25 Aug' The Justices has signed Warrants for the dis 
puted Salary. 

1718. 17 April. A Gallery to be built over the Governors Pew. 
3 Otob. Part of the Church Farm to be lett in Lotts. 

1719. 9 Ap! An enquiry to be made into the Title of Kykout 

Farm bequeathed to Trinity Church by M* REG- 
NIER in Trust, for building a free School, Chapel, 
or Church, he was formerly a Vestry man. 
13 April The Committee reported it as their opinion that 
KYKOUT farm might be disposed of without preju 
dice until a Church or Chapel expressed in the will 
shall be built during such time the Sole use of the 
said Farm is vested in the said Corporation, who 
reserve liberty of Egress and Regress for erecting 

[ 162 1 



TRINITY CHURCH 

at any time a School. Chapel or Church. Sebring be 
came purchaser for 200 
No Patents for Pews to be granted. 

1 720. 9 Aug Church to be enlarged as far as the Fence. 

3 1 persons who subscribe towards enlarging the Church 
and have no pew, may purchase one and their Sub 
scriptions deducted from the purchase money. 

1721. 11 April Ordered that payment be made to the Clerk 

of the Council the fee agreed in opposing the In 
corporation of the Presbeterian Meeting House. 
6 Nov. The Marble Font purchased. 

1 724. 29 May Cap Clarke & M r Noxon pursuant to an order, 

reported they had inspected into the Boundary of 
the Church Farm, that having seen the Deeds of 
the Persons supposed to have encroached, but could 
not perceive any had been made. 

1725. 21 Sep. Elias Neau's Executors paid a Legacy of 600 

for the purposes mentioned in his Will. 

1726. 27 Apl. partition Fence to be set between the Land of 

Do6l. Jal Henderson and the Church Land. 
A Velvet Paal to be purchased. Fees i a/. 

1727. 5 Ground behind the Church to be laid in Lotts and 

leased. 

1 729, 9 July A Committee appointed to inspect into the Ti 
tles of the Church Farm and Garden. 

1732. 22 Nov. The Tennant of the Church being forbid by 
the Receiver General from paying his rent to the 
Corporation, a resolve thereon. 

i 733- 25 Apl A Lease ordered to be Executed to John Welsh 
for 50 years for a Lott behind the Church of 25 
feet front and rear at 2O/ p r Ann. 

163 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

The Corporation wrote to the Bishop of London re 
specting Church Farm Garden &c. which by some 
is held disputeable they forward Authentic Docu 
ments of their right and plead for interposition with 
His Majesty to have their Estate confirmed under 
the Broad Seal of England. Their State is as follows. 
1697. Aug^ 19. Recites that it was leased by the 

then Governor to the Church. 
1699. By A61 of Assembly it vacated several 
Grants of Land made by Col. Fletcher, 
among which was that granted to the 
Church. 

1702. Another A61 repealed the same. 
1705. Queen Anne by her Governor granted Let 
ters Patent to the Rector and Inhabitants 
the Farm and Garden to them and their 
successors for ever at the annual rent of 
3/. and that they should pay 2,6 from the 
rent thereof of the Re6lors House. 
1 708. Queen Anne disallowed the first A61 and con 
firmed the Second. 

1713. A Bill in Chancery was filed for rent but be 
fore a hearing was had thereon, her Majesty 
ordered the prosecution to be stayed. 
It has been Insinuated, That as her Majesty 
disallowed the repealing A61 and approved 
of the Vacating A6t the grant to the Church 
is void. It being provided by the said Vacat 
ing A61 that no Governor should grant or 
lease the Farm and Garden longer than his 
own government. 

[ 164 ] 



TRINITY CHURCH 

QUERY. 

Whether the Grant made while the repealing A61 
was in force and before the same was disallowed 
or the vacating A61 aforesaid approved by her 
Majesty on the 23 Nov 1705. be Valid. 
What measures are to be taken to render their 
Title Indisputeable 
The State of the Matter at large, and 

DUDLEY RYDERS opinion thereon. 

29 O6lo. M r . Kennedy the recorder General having for 
bid the Church Tennants from paying their Rents, 
a Committee was directed to wait upon him and 
desire him to desist, or that they should be com 
pelled to sue him for Damages, as it prevented the 
Congregation from Renting and improving their 
Estate. 

22 Nov. The Church Wardens were required by the At 
torney General to pay thequitrent due for the Farm. 

1735. 14 Aug. The Foundation of the Enlargement of the 

Church being raised on a Level with the Ground 
it was ordered to be carried on six feet higher. 

1 736. July 7. The Church funds being inadequate to carry 

ing on the enlargement subscriptions were ordered. 
Subscribers names and sums contributed. 
1738. Apl 4. King Williams order to the Earl of Bellomont 
dated 27 Jan^- 1700. respecting the Church. 
Order of King and Privy Council to repeal an Act 
respecting the Parish of Jamaica Long Island, dated 
the 8 August 1734. 

May 19. A Committee appointed to agree with the City 
Corporation for leave to take in the land between 

165 






HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

the Church and Church Garden, and leave a street 
or Lane at least 20 feet wide adjoyning the Lu 
theran Church. 

Aug 1 25 A Claim set up by the Bogardus's for part of the 
Church Farm, a Committee appointed to examine 
their Pretensions. 

173! Mar. 9. Ordered that the Church Wardens do pay all 
the arrears of quit rent on the lease to the Church 
from Col. Fletcher in 1697 and on the Grant since 
obtained from the Crown. 

1 739. April 3. payment is made for quit rent and Copy of the 
receipt entered at large. Signed Rich d Nicholl Dep. 
Recr Gen 1 . 

A Committee ordered to take in some of the Lu 
theran Church yard in exchange for part of the Gar 
den if they can agree. 

April 4. The Common Council Minutes entered and 
leave granted to enclose the land to the Southward 
of the Church and accept of a Street of 20 feet wide 
in lieu thereof along aside of the Lutheran Church 
to be recorded by the name of ROBINSON STREET. 
A Catalogue of Books presented by M r Elliston and 
other Augmentations. 

June i. A Committee to Article with Mr. Clem to build 
an Organ. 

17 Mar 4 John March Esq. having left a Legacy of ,=100 
Sterling to the poor in the Parish whenever he 
should dye, a dispute between the Justices and 
Church Vestry for its application. 
Seal to be affixed to an Instrument for Exchange 
of Ground with the Lutheran Church. 

c 1*6 n 



TRINITY CHURCH 

1740. April i. Lewis Catechism to be distributed. 

July i . M T . Elliston proposed an alter Piece to be raised 

and the would give twenty pounds towards it. 
Decem 3. Mi: Joseph Wright dyed and left his Estate 

to the Church. 

To demand a Legacy from the Executors of Coll. 

Ab m Depeyster of 50. 

1741. July 7. M r . Ellistons donation of Books for enlarging 

the Library. 

1742. July 20. Resolved that a North Gallary be built and 

pulpit removed near the Chancil. 

1 743. Dec r . 15 An Organist to be sent for but not to be paid 

more than ,=40 stergp 1 : An nor longer than 3 years. 

1 74} Jany. 5 The Alter Piece to be raised as M r . Elliston shall 
dire6t. 

1745 Nov. 6 Cap Jeffery & Capt Richard, presented 2 Glass 
Branches. 

1746. Apl 3. A Claim being made by the Van Duzens & 
Browers to some part of the Church Farm, a Com 
mittee was appointed to examine into their preten 
sions, report thereon and do what was necessary. 
July 18. Vestry met on the death of Reverend M r . VE- 
SEY, the first Reclor of the Parish of Trinity Church 
in the 72 year of his Age, who was in that Office 
from the building of Trinity Church in 1697. untill 
his death. His Character at large. 
O<5lo. 1 7. Ordered that the Easter offerings at the Sac 
rament which were a perquisite to the Reclor by 
an order of the Vestry of the 25 April 1698 be re 
pealed. And That so much of an order of the same 
date whereby strangers were to pay double fees be 

C 167 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

repealed. The Reverend M r . Henry Barclay called to 
be Re6lor of Trinity Church and presented to his Ex- 
celly Governor Clinton for admission & Induction. 
22. M^ Barclays Admission. Institution & Induction. 
Dec. 3 A Committee appointed formerly to lease Church 
Land to lay out and Lett Lotts opposite to Spring 
Garden. 

Letters to the Bishop of London. The Society for the 
propagation of the Gospel in foreign parts and their 
Secretary on the Death of Mr. Vesey and the ap 
pointment of Mr. Barclay. 

1747. Aug. 10. A Committee appointed to recover the Pos 
session of the House and Land part of the Church 
Farm. Forcibly entered into and detained by the 
Browers and others. To Demand possession of part 
of the Church Garden from Cap Ingoldsby to rent 
it to him on such terms as may be agreed upon and 
enquire into the Title and take possession of the 
House possessed by the Widow Welch. 
Charity School to be furnished with spelling Books 
for the Children, and Fire wood. 

Nov 24. The Committee of the i o August report that 
they had possession delivered them of the House 
built by the Browers and caused the same to be 
pulled down. That Cap Ingoldsby agreed to deliver 
them possession of the Garden on being paid as he 
was the appraised Value of a Stable he had built 
thereon. That they had sent to the Browers to in 
form them they might have the Materials of the 
House built by them, who replied that they would 
have nothing to do with it. 

[ 168 3 



TRINITY CHURCH 

A Committee to Rent Church Lands not for a longer 
term than 21 years. 

1 747. Nov 24. The Re6lor and Church Wardens appointed 

to write to the Society for a Successor to the Rev d 
M r . Charlton as Catechist, 

The Rectors Expenses in removing being considered 
100 was allowed for his last years Services And 
100 p Annum including 26. House Rent to be 
paid in quarterly payments for the next year. 
i 747/8 Mar. 8- A power of Attorney with the Corporation 
Seal affixed to Joseph Murray and others to appear 
to a declaration in ejectment depending in the Su 
preme Court ag l . John Stiles Adam Vanderburgh 
Tennant at the Suit of James Jackson on the demise 
of Cornelius Brower. 

The Rev? Samuel Auchmuty appointed Catechist 
by the Society, and assistant to the Rector in his 
Parochial Duties. 

Subscription proposed for his support. 
Mi" Elliston presented an handsome Silver Bason 
to receive the offerings at the Communion. 

1 748. April 1 5. A Chapel of Ease proposed to be built, a Com 

mittee appointed to consider where it would be most 
proper & hear the Sentiments of the congregation 
thereon. 

May 3. An order for purchasing a Lott from Mr. Gomez 
and three Lotts from Henry Brasher and such other 
Lotts as they think proper adjoyning thereto. 
So much of the Church Ground adjoyning the 
Lutheran Church appropriated for building a Char 
ity School. 

C 169 n 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

July 4. Ordered that the Church Wardens &c purchase 
6 Lotts of Ground fronting Nassau Street and Fair 
Street from David Clarkson to build a Chapel. 
1 1 Committee reported that they had purchased from 
M r Clarkson 6 Lotts of Ground for 500. But sev 
eral Inhabitants of Montgomery Ward alledged 
that Several Lotts in Beekman Street would be 
more commodious and offering to raise money 
among themselves sufficient to purchase the Ground 
from Coll Beekman The Corporation resolved that 
if M r . Clarkson insisted on the agreement they 
would take a conveyance and pay the purchase 
money. 

Dec 2 1 . plans to be procured for building a Chapel 
Coll Beekmans Title to be examined. 
M? Barclays salary the same as the former year. 
1748/9 JanT 23 plan approved of for building a Chapel. 92 
feet long and 72 feet wide. Committee for perform 
ing the same. 

1 748/9 Jan? 23<* Committee to agree for the purchase of Coll 
Beekmans Lotts, to agree with James Burling to 
exchange a part of the Ground with Burling. That 
Deeds be made conveying the ground to the Rec 
tor and Inhabitants of Trinity Church. 

Mar. 23 purchase made from Coll Beekman and the Con 
sideration money being 64,5. was paid by Cap As- 
pinwall in behalf of the Inhabitants of Montgomery 
Ward. Ordered that it be recorded by M r Lodge in 
the town Clerks Office 

Ordered that upon John Killmaster and his Wife ex 
ecuting Deeds for a Lott adjoyning Lott 52 lately 

[ 170 ]] 



TRINITY CHURCH 

purchased from Coll Beekman,The Corporation will 
purchase another Lott of equal Value And that 
untill such purchase is made the Church Wardens 
shall pay them ,=8. p r ann being the present rent 
thereof. Thanks to be given to Mr Aspinwall and 
Mr Crommelin also to Mr. Armstrong. 
1749. April 28. Coll Robinson to pay such money over and 
above the Subscriptions for compleating the Charity 
School 

Aug'. 29 Audittors, report that they had examined Coll 
Robinsons Accounts from the Settlement in April 
1726 to 28 March last, that there then remained 
Cash in his hands =822.13.85 and in Bonds ,1388. 
19.1. besides Henry Wilemans bond for =20. And 
they do express that his Book of Entrys and Vouch 
ers are very plain clear and regular, and Satisfac 
tory. That much time and pains had been bestowed 
in serving the Church. When the Thanks of the 
Corporation was voted. 

Nov. 7. Payment ordered to M* Kilmaster in discharge 
of the Corporation Covenant for the purchase of a 
Lott where the Chapel was building the sum of 



Nov 24 Rules and regulations for the Charity School. 
and who to be admitted and cloathed, to be settled 
by a Committee. 

1 74j Feb. 23 The Charity School having taken fire this 
morning which consumed the same and Communi 
cate to Trinity Church Steeple. The Tower ordered 
to be repaired and Ladders or Stairs to be made in 
the Steeple & Spire. 

C 171 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Mar. i Persons that were most active in extinguishing 
the Fire on the Spire were. Davis Hurd, Andrew 
Gotier Francis Davison, David Robinson, Corne 
lius McCarty and William Kippen Ordered that 
50 be distributed among them. 

1750. April 26. Adam Vanderburgh the Church Tennant 
freely offered to relinquish his claim to land, south 
ward of the Stockadoes. Upon which they granted 
him a lease for 4 Lotts on the broadway where he 
lived, and that he might have the Farm House to 
make what use of it as he pleased, in consideration 
that his lease was not expired ,=61000 to be taken 
at Interest for com pleating S. Pauls.* 
The School House to be rebuilt by Subscription. 

May i Lotts in future to be rented for 21 years, at the 
expiration to be Valued, and the Church have it in 
their choice to take the buildings or the Tennant 
have liberty to take them away. 
Committee, to wait upon the Congregation for their 
subscriptions to rebuild the Charity School and the 
committee formerly for building, were now to re 
build the School House. 

June 15. M r . Horsmanden and the Committee agreed 
with John Brower and James Napier for rebuilding 
the Charity School, for 375. certain and 25 
more when compleated if they deserve the same. 
1750/1 Jan? 10. The Rector to be paid =100 p r annum till 
further order Committee to agree with Dirk Dye 
about leaving a Street between the Church Land 
and his upon such terms as they can agree upon. 

*In another hand "S. 1 Georges" is written over "Sj Pauls." 

[ 172 3 



TRINITY CHURCH 

Coll Robinson and others to sell the House and 
Lott occupied by the widow Welch, also 
a Slip of Land adjoyning to the Chapel and the Salt 
meadow belonging to the Church Corporation. 

Feb. 4. The House that the Widow Welch lived In was 
sold by the Committee at Vandue to M? Elizabeth 
Sharpas for 250. 

Welch the son of James Welch his pretentions to 
the old House behind the Church which he claims 
under the late Coll Heathcote to be examined and 
to make such agreement as the Committee think 
fitt. 

Isaac La Mouch to be thanked for his gift of a mar 
ble Font to S 1 : Georges. 

Feb. 14. All writings of this Corporation to which their 
Seal is affixed to be witnessed by the Church War 
dens for the time being. 

To Petition the City Corporation for a grant of the 
water Lotts 200 Feet into the River beyond low 
water mark behind Trinity Church, to be signed by 
the Re6lor and Church Wardens on behalf of the 
Church Corporation. 

March 8. The Committees agreement with Dirk Deij 
entered at large for a Street leading from the broad 
way to the North River. Dirk Deij surrenders 1 5 
feet and the Church 25 feet, Dirk Deij to pay the 
Church =g6o. 

1 750/1 . March 8. The Committee appointed to petition the 
City Corporation for the water Lotts behind Trinity 
Church were embarrassed for their North Bounds, 
who agreed with Messrs Bayard Schuyler and 
Roosevelt the Church North Bounds should be 
C 173 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

three feet to the Southward as the Fence then stood. 
And the Church Wardens should affix the Seal to 
an agreement pursuant thereto, with those that 
claim Land to the Northward of the Church Land. 
The line to run from Lombard Street to low water 
Mark. 

Same Committee to treat with M r Nicholas Roose 
velt about leasing a Slip. 

M r . Bayard to have leave to hang Gutters on the 
South side of any House or Houses that he may build 
on the north side of and adjoyning the Church yard. 
1751. April 15. A Committee to agree with M r . Duykink to 
painting the Pedistal to the alter Piece. 

May 28. The Church put in mourning on the death of 
the Prince of Wales. 

The Stone work of the Chapel to be carried up its 
proper highth. 

June 4. Sir Peter Warren by Oliver De Lancey gave 
one hundred pounds Sterling towards building S? 
Georges Chapel when upon M r . De Lanceys appli 
cation The Corporation promised that a Pew should 
be appropriated for Sir Peters Family whenever 
they shall come into this Country, the board hav 
ing a gratefull sense of his generous gift 
The Committee for Leasing Church Lands to name 
the Streets and number the Lotts. 

O6lo 3*? The Charity School House being rebuilt the 
contractors ordered to be paid 25 in addition to 
their agreement. The Church Wardens to provide 
fire wood for the Charity School. 
The Committee for building S' Georges Chapel to 

C 174 ] 



TRINITY CHURCH 

provide materials and employ persons to complete 
the same. 

1752. March 5. Agreed in Vestry that this Corporation will 

give any reasonable quantity of the Church Farm 
for Erecting and use of a Colledge. 

April, i. Pews in S^ Georges to be rented from the 
i May following. 

May. 28 The Chapel to be opened on Wednesday i July, 
and the Governor to be invited thereat. 

July. 10. Arch Bishop of Canterbury remitted by Oli 
ver De Lancey Esq. 10 Sterling towards building 
S* Georges. 

October 3. A Vestryman to be elected in the Room of 
Mr. Hammersley deceased. 

Nov. 9. Church Wardens to provide fire and Candle for 
the use of the Catechumens on Wednesday evenings 
A Bell to be sent for, for the Chapel. 

1753. Jan? 31. William Tuckey appointed Joynt Clerk with 

M r - Hildrith, But the former to have no Benifit 
of the Perquisites belonging to M r . Hildreth who is 
considered as parish Clerk. 

In consideration of the Extra dutys The ReveH Mr 
Barclay and the Rev*? M r Auchmuty allowed sixty 
pounds p r Annum additional salary each untill an 
other minister be provided. 

Dec r 20. Doc 1 : Johnson to be assistant Minister Salary 
150 p r an 

1754. May 14. Unanimously agreed to give for the use of 

the Colledge intended to be erected a certain parcel 
of Land belonging to this Corporation, to say a 
Street of ninety feet wide from Broadway to Church 

c 175 n 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Street, and from Church Street all the Lands be 
tween Barclay Street and Murray Street to the 
Waterside, Upon Condition that the President of the 
said Colledge forever, be a member of and in Com 
munion of the Church of England andthat themorn- 
ing and evening Services in said Colledge be the 
Liturgy of the said Church or such a Collection of 
Prayers out of the said Liturgy as shall be agreed 
upon by the President and Trustees or Governors 
of the said Colledge. 

July 30. Pew No. 101 surrendered to the Church on re 
payment of 26. to M r . s Dugdale. 
M r Livingston & M r Leflferts to have 1 6* foot of the 
Church-Ground, on the rear of their 4 Lotts. in con 
sideration that they leave a Stone wall 6 foot high 
at the expiration. 

1 755. May. 5. The Engrossed deed for the Grant of the Land 

from this Corporation to the Governors of Colledge 
ordered to be Sealed and witnessed by the Church 
Wardens. 

Sep r . 5. The Widow Livinston by her son William, claimed 
some part of the Church Farm when a Committee 
was appointed to examine her pretensions. 

Nov. 3. A Letter written to the Secretary of the Society 
for propagation of the Gospel in foreign Parts, on 
the grant made to the Colledge. with a full repre 
sentation &c. 
Address to Si Charles Hardy Governor &c. 

1756. July 15. The Vestry having considered of the claim made 

to part of the Church Lands by the representatives 
of M? Cath Livingston are of opinion that the said 

C 176 3 



TRINITY CHURCH 

Claim is without any legal foundation and thereupon 
RESOLVED that a defence be made by this Corpora 
tion to any a6lion or Suit that shall be commenced 
or brought by the said Representatives. 

Nov. 16. A Committee to represent to the Justices, 
that there hath been an irregularity in Taxing the 
Church Farm Double. 

Decem 22 Ordered that when Coll? Robinson the late 
Church Warden delivers over to Mr Reade the 
books and papers, That the same be done by Indent 
ure pursuant to Charter. 

1757. April 5. A Committee to treat with Dirk Deij about his 

claim to eight Acres of Land near old Jans Land, 
and to setle the division Line between the said Dirk 
Deys Land and the Church Farm 
M 1 : Murray s Legacy of ^gioo for the poor of the 
Congregation. 

Aug? 5. M? Freds Legacy of 500. for the use of the 
Charity School. 

A Committee appointed to carry on the Law Suit 
by Cornelius Brower for part of the Church Farm. 

1758. Januy. 6. Thanks to be given to Mr. Haynes for his 

generous donation of the Cloathing for the Charity 
Children. 

Mar. 8. M r . Chambers having purchased from Dirk Dey 
about 9 acres supposed to be part of the Church Farm 
but claimed by the said Deij for which he had paid 
50. ordered the same sum to be repaid on deliver 
ing up the Deed and other Papers relating thereto. 

May 6. Cap 4 . Randal to be thanked for his donation of a 
Bell for the Charity School. 

C 177 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Sep. 14. All the Streets that are laid out on the Church 
Lands to be registered according to the plans 
thereof. 

Nov. 13. Cap Alexander Troups Legacy of for 
the use of the Charity School. 
Paul Richard Esq. his Legacy of 50 for the poor 
of the Congregation of Trinity Church. 

1760. Jan? 30. The Pantile Roof on St. Georges being too 

weighty was ordered to be taken of sold and new 

shingled. 

A clock purchased from M T . Crommelin and ordered 

to be placed in the Chapel. 

Feby i . A petition to be presented to Mayor Aldermen 
& Commonalty for the water Lotts from Division 
Street to the Stocadoes except those Lotts given to 
the Colledge for a Grant of the same 200 feet in 
the River beyond low water mark. 

July 28. M Elizabeth Sharpas her Legacy of =200 for 
the use of the Charity School. 
M r . s Auboyneau Legacy. 200 in part for the use of 
the Charity School. 

A Committee to meet the Minister and Elders of the 
Lutheran Church, and receive their proposals made 
to the Rev 1 ? Mr Barclay relating to an exchange of 
some ground adjoyning the Charity School. 

1761. Jany. 2. The Church and Chapel to be put in mourning 

on the Death of his most Sacred Majesty George 
the Second. 

M? Desbrosses made a further payment of 200. 
M rs -Auboyneau's Legacy to the Charity School. 
1761. March 4. M T . Thomas Duncan his Legacy of 500 for 

C 178 ] 



TRINITY CHURCH 

the uses mentioned in his Will, applied to Charity 
School Funds. 

A grant of =500 toward purchasing a New Organ, 
in addition to a subscription. 

May 20. Committees to visit Charity School Monthly 
and provide a School mistress. 

Septr. i. Trinity Church Steeple to be rough cast. 

Nov. 6. Address to Governor Monkton & his Answer. 
1762. Mar. 19. Trinity Church Steeple to be repaired and 

painted and a Balcony to be built upon the Roof. 
1762 Aug 1 13. Vestry agreed to purchase 4 Lotts of Ground 
in Broad Street from M r . Marston for =2500. in 
cluding to build another Church 

June 15. Address to Governor Monkton & Answer 

July 8 The Spire of Trinity Church to be wholly new 
shingled, and 50 to be distributed to the per 
sons most active in extinguishing the Fire, having 
been struck with Lightning and that Conductors be 
placed. 

Sep. 24. The old Organ to be sold. 

April 5. Committee to look for a proper and Convenient 
Lott of Ground to Erect a New Church. 

June 16. Church Wardens to pay JJioo towards make- 
ing and compleating a New Road through the Church 
Farm from the ground granted to the Colledge to 
Lands leased to W Burnham. 
Materials to be purchased for building a New Church 
on the southermost part of the Church Farm. 
Resolved to allow an Organist ^100 p r an Salary. 

Nov. 3. MrDesbrosses paid the remainder of M? Au- 
boyneau's Legacy making ^51 9 . . 1 -9- on Condi- 

C 179 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

tion that Vestry Indemnify him in case any lawfull 
demands appear against the Estate and he also gave 
a Legacy of 20. bequeathed by the Testator both 
for the use of the Charity School. 
Committee to agree with the Lutheran Congregation 
for an exchange of Ground, adjoyning School House. 
1764. April 5. The New Organ ordered to be put up. 

Aug. 28. On the Death of the Rev? Doctor Henry Bar 
clay. The Revert Mr. Auchmuty was chosen his 
Successor to the Rectory of the Parish Church of 
Trinity Church, and presentation. 

Sep. i . Letters of admission. Institution and Mandatory. 
3. The Rev^ Mr. Charles Inglis, assistant Minister with 
a Salary of ,200 pf Annum besides what could be 
collected by Voluntary Subscription. 
24. The Rev d Mr John Ogilvie another assistant Minis 
ter with a Salary of 200 p An. beside subscription. 

1764. Nov. 23^ When Vacancy happens in the Charity School 

a preference to be given to Children belonging to 
the Congregation of Trinity Church. 
Rectors Salary established at ^300 p r an. 

1765. Aug. 25. M 1 ; Inglis did not officiate untill this time on 

a Salary of 200. beside subscription. 

O6lo. 22. Payment ordered to M r John Reade for perus 
ing and abstracting the several original Grants 
Deeds and papers belonging to the Corporation, 
am<? to ^10.19. 

Nov. 15. Address to S^ Henry Moore Governor &c. 

1766. Mar. 7. Alderman Roosevelt having intended to pro 

pose to the City Corporation to convey two Water 
Lotts to those belonging to him adjoyning the Water 

C 



a TRINITY CHURCH 

Lott, belonging to this Corporation (back of Trinity 
Church ) It was resolved to convey to the City Cor 
poration, two of Trinity Church Water Lotts. For 
the use of a Ferry, intended to be established and 
fixed there forever. But if the said Ferry shall be 
removed from there then the said Water Lotts so 
granted for the use aforesaid shall again revert and 
be in this Corporation. 

2 1 . Coll De Lancey having purchased at public Vendue 
the remainder of the Farm which M 1 Nich Bayard 
had yet to come in his lease for Old Jans Land with 
the Improvements there on for 150. Who offered 
the purchase to this Corporation. They accepted 
thereof ordered the purchase money to be paid, 
and Thanks to be given to Coll De Lancey. 
Apr 1 . 3 Fees and Perquisites established as follows. 

RECTORS FEES 

For the Ground in the Chancel, a grown 

Person 5* 
a Child above i o & not more than 1 6 years 2.10 
a Child under 10 years 1.5 

Funeral Service in Church 13 

do Church yard 9 

a Manager in the Parish 13 

PARISH CLERK 

attending a Funeral when invited 5-6 

attending a Marriage 6.6 
Registering a Marriage 2 

publishing a Marriage at Church 3 

Certificate of Publication 2 

registering a Christening 1.6 

C 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

SEXTONS FEES 

Ringing the Bell for a Funeral i Hour 3 

each hour after i 

Digging and makeing a Grave 6 

Opening a Vault 8 

every Marriage in Church 3.6 

CHURCH DUES 

use of New Velvit paal 18 

use of old paal 12. 

July 2 1 The Rev<? Doctor Cooper president of Kings Col- 
ledge solicited that Pews might be assigned for the 
Tutors and Students of that Colledge, which were 
ordered to be appropriated for that purpose. 

Sep. 8. David Ogden Esq. of Newark New Jersey, re 
tained on the part of Trinity Church Corporation 
for his assistance in any Suit or Suits that might be 
brought against them, And thanked for not take- 
ing a Fee against the Church. 

O6lo. 3. Pews ordered to be rented in S^ Pauls, on foil? 
conditions. 

To be Lett for i year to the highest bidder to com 
mence i Nov 1 : 

That if any Tennant inclines to surrender before 
the expiration of the year to give 3 m? Notice. 
If the rent is not paid in three months after the 
year is expired, Church may rent them to other 
Tennants. 

29. His Excelly . S. Henry Moore expressed a desire of 
introducing a Band of Musick at the dedication of 
S: Pauls, when it was assented to. To joyn in such 

c 182 n 



TRINITY CHURCH 

part of the Service as is usual and Customary. But 
no other Instruments but such as are allowed or 
adapted on solemn Occasions. 

Novem" 4 Sir Henry Moore was pleased to make an 
offer of granting a New Charter. 
Committee to examine whither any deficiency in 
the present Charter and to report a draft of a New 
one if necessary. 

Doctor Auchmuty thanked for his Sermon at the 
dedicating of S^ Pauls, asked for a copy thereof, to 
be printed. 

Decem. 3. Reverend M r Samuel Provoost to be assistant 

Minister with a Salary of =200. 

1 767 Feby 6 Sir Henry Moore proposed to grant a Town 
ship to this Corporation. 

April 21. Mr Provoost Salary to be augmented. 50. 
The Society had given Mr. Hildreth Master of the 
Charity School =10 Sterling provided the Church 
Corporation did the Like which was agreed to. 

Aug. 17 Doctor Magra & Doc r Anderson demand of 
Richard Morris Esq. Executor of Thomas Robinson 
deceased, the amount of their accounts, which he con 
ceived exhorbitant a Committee appointed to exam 
ine if any thing or what is due them by the Testator 
and offer in payment what they shall think right the 
Church Corporation being residuary Legatee. 
1767. Augu. 1 7. Fees for Burials in S f . Pauls Church yard to 
be same as are established for the New Ground in 
Trinity Church. 

Sep r . 28. A Portrait of the late Doctor Barclay deceased 
to be procured at the expence of the Corporation. 

C 183 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Thanks of the Corporation given to M r . Reade for 
his faithfull Services as Church Warden. 

Dec. 15. M r Reade paid Mr John Kelly's account be 
fore the Corporation for running out aTracl: of 
Land, petitioned for payment ordered. 
Committee report that 30 to be paid to Doc. 
Magra and 20 to Doc 1 : Anderson will be a rea 
sonable compensation for their attendance on Mr 
Thomas Robinson Deceased. 

1768. Feb. 10 Phineas Mun to be paid 39.5.4. for Surveying 
Lands for which this Corporation have obtained his 
Excellency S? Henry Moores warrant of Survey. 

March. 25. The Charity School House appropriated as 
a Parsonage for the Reclor for the time being to be 
made convenient and commodious for their Resi 
dence and Another Charity School House to be 
erecled in its place. 

April 18. The School House to be built on Lotts behind 
Trinity Church. 50 foot front of Brick and to be 
covered with Tile or Slate. 

May. 3. John Keatings intended paper Mill interferring 
with Mr. Mortiers improvements, committee ap 
pointed to fix on some other of the Church Land and 
agree on the damages it will be proper to pay him. 
5. Keating to have two Acres of Land surrendered 
by M r . Lispenard for 63 years, rent 20 for first 
21 years ,=30 for next 21 years and 40 for last 
21 years and to be allowed 20 for removing his 
materials. 

July. 22 M" Chambers legacy of =1000 for the Charity 
School was to be paid at the Death of his Lady, but 

184 



TRINITY CHURCH 

she being Piously inclined offered payment in her 
life time, which was accepted with gratitude. 
Nov. 7 John Peter prays for an abatement of rent and 
an enlargement of the term of his present Lease. 

1 769 Feby. 22 M r . Provoost having signified his intentions of 
going to England it was debated whether his Salary 
should be continued it was unanimously declared not. 
M r Reade having represented the State of the 
Church Funds by which the outgoings far exceeded 
the income of the Corporation, when it was thought 
absolutely necessary to retrench the Annual Ex- 
pences when 

1 769. Mr. John Rice the organist, his Salary was agreed 
to be discontinued and a Subscription opened in lieu 
thereof. 

Mar. 28. Jacob Van Voorhees and others having peti 
tioned the Common Council for a Grant of the 
Water Lotts fronting lands of this Corporation. A 
Committee appointed to offer reasons in behalf of 
the Church and request a preference of said Grant 
Mr. Mortier to have an addition of Land, leased to 
him on the same terms that he holds other part 
June. 8. A Commodious and convenient dwelling house 
&c being provided for the Re6lor's Residence. Or 
dered that Instead of the former allowance, he be 
paid a Salary of ^250. 

August i. =80 p annum offered to M* Rice Organist. 
A Petition to be presented to S r . Henry Moore pray 
ing a Grant for a certain Tra6l of land lately lo 
cated & Surveyed But that if the Prayer thereof 
cannot at present be granted by his Excell^ that to 

c iss n 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

be requested to transmitt the said Petition to be laid 

before his Majesty. 
O6lo. 26 The Church Funds being inadequate to the 

annual expence. it was proposed to dismiss the Rev d 

M r Samuel Provoost as an assistant Minister. 

A Reward of i o paid to the Persons who were 

aiding in the discovering of the Persons who com 

mitted the Robbery in S^ Pauls. 

M 1 . Lawrence Reade to be empowered to recover 

a Legacy left by Mr. Thomas Brown late of New 

York, for the use of the Charity School. 
Nov. 6. Mr. Provoost if he is continued an Assistant 

then to be paid by Subscription only. 
Dec. 15. Resolved to pay Mr. Provoost ^100 p r Ann 

and solicit subscription for a further Sum 
1 770 Mar 1 3 Committee for taking out the Patent for 25000 

acres of Land. 
30 Committee to wait on the Lieu 1 Governor and the 

other Gentlemen who have remitted their Fees on 

the Grant of Land, with the Thanks of this Corpo 

ration. 
May 30 Committee to regulate the Streets and Paved, the 

church Wardens to furnish money for that Purpose 
Nov 1 5 Committee to Meet Committees of Colledge and 

apply to have the quit rent remitted. 
1771. Feb. 11 Committee to make a final Settlement of the 

agreement entered into with the Lutheran Congre 

gation relative to a piece of Ground exchanged. 
1771. March 21. M r . s Wyley having agreed to bind her Son 

to Mr. Hildreth for four years to a<5l as Usher or 

Assistant in the Charity School. The Vestry engages 



C l86 J 



TRINITY CHURCH 

to pay her i 6 p. Annum and to Cloathe him de 
cently. 

The Cisterns upon the Tower of Trinity Church to 
be taken down and the Materials disposed of. 

May. 1 3. The Committee appointed, report that they had 
auditted M? Desbrosses account and found a Balance 
due to him of 75.9.7. to Monday in Easter Week 
1771- 

May. 27 The Rev? M r Samuel Provoost informed the 
Vestry that he intended to leave the Service of the 
Church, and debates arrising whether or not the 
Subscriptions in addition to the 100. Salary should 
be carried through. When it was resolved to pay 
any deficiency short of 200. 
M r . Troup who stands security for James Wilmott 
Collector of Pew Rent to be discharged therefrom 
when Wilmott gives such other security as shall be 
approved. 

A Committee to regulate the Street and Secure the 
Bank before Samuel Frances House 

July. 18. Adress to Governor Try on and his Answer 

Aug. 7. Agreed to release the Church right and Claim 
to the ground on which a Market was intended to be 
built and contribute 200 to the same on Condition 
that the City Corporation do grant and Confirm to 
the Church the Water Lotts agreeable to the prayer 
of their Petition. 

30 All future Leases, a covenant to be added that the 
Lessees be obliged to pave the Streets before their 
respective Lotts. 
Resolved that the Church Funds are insufficient to 

C 1873 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

increase M! Rice's Salary as Organist or make him 
any further allowance than was formerly Voted. 
O6k>. 14 A Street being proposed to be laid out in a direct 
line from the Broadway to Hudsons River between 
the South Bounds of the Lands of Mr. Anthony Rut 
gers and the North Bounds of the Church Farm, ad- 
joyning thereto, a Committee appointed to Confer 
and agree with Mr. Rutgers 
Again M r . Rice's request was taken into considera 
tion when it was again resolved no addition could be 
made in his Salary. 

A Committee appointed to prepare a Petition to his 
Majesty praying a remission of the Quit Rent re 
served in a Grant for a Tra6l of Land to this Cor 
poration That a Letter be written to the Arch Bishop 
of Canterbury another to the Bishop of London and 
a request to Doctor Cooper for his good offices. 

1771. Novem i Lease and Release from the Church to Philip 
Row for a Tract of Land, in the 9 partners formerly 
mortgaged to them by John Dies and afterwards 
sold on Execution, were conveyed to Philip Row. 

1772 Jan 20 proper Deeds to be drawn between this Corpo 
ration and Mr Anthony Rutgers upon exchanging 
a Piece of Land belonging to the Church and the 
Lands of the said An Rutgers conformable to the 
agreement between him and the Committee and 
the map made thereof by Gerrard Banker. 
The Governors of the Hospital sollicit a Grant of 
two acres of Land for Building an Infirmary. It was 
resolved to lease to them 2 Acres for 99 years for 
the Sole purpose of building said Hospital at the 
annual Rent of 20 p r Annum 

C l88 H 



TRINITY CHURCH 

31 The Governors of the Hospital again apply, when 
the Corporation consents to lease 2 Acres for ^15 
p r Annum. 

A copy of an order of Common Council reciting a 
report of a Committee of their Corporation founded 
upon the petition of James De Lancey Esq 1 : & others, 
praying a grant of a Piece of Land in the outward 
of this City in trust to this Corporation for erecting 
a School House Church and parsonage House and 
burying Ground. ( designed to be built at the 3 Mile 
Stone) a Committee to confer and agree with the 
Corporation on the terms which this Corporation 
will accept of the same. 

Auditors appointed to examine Mr. Wilmot & Mr. 
Renaudet accounts, and report whether M r Renau- 
det is in titled to any further allowance than what 
is made him, for that Business which was 5 p r . c. 

April 6. M r . Rutgers lease and release tendered to the 
Corporation for a piece or Slip of his ground in 
exchange of Church Ground. 
Sam 1 . Frances Petitioned for a recompence for the 
damage he sustained by lowering the Street, a 
Committee to report the Expence of a Wall to be 
raised to support his House. 

Mli Renaudet to have an allowance of^2Op r Annum 
for the present and 9 years past for his care over and 
above his commission of 5 pr c for collecting rent. 
An addition of 20 p Ann to be paid to M T . Hildrith 
for his diligence and attention. 

21 Auditors report that they find a ballance due to 
Elias Desbrosses Esq Church Warden 706.0.8! 

May. 7 Ordered that Greenwich Street be extended in 

[ 189 1 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

breadth to 66 feet and to be continued in a dire6l 
line through the Church Ground from the Corner 
on the North side of Chambers Street to the Os- 
wego Market . . (Vesey Street). 

1772 May 7. Auditors report that they had examined Mr 
Renaudets Account from 25 March 1762 to 25. 
March 1772. that there was a ballance due to Mr. 
Renaudet 27/s| 

June 22 Committees report, That the Corporation of 
New York agreed to grant to the Church. The 
water Lotts fronting the Church ground, which lay 
between Vesey Street and Barclay Street. be 
tween Murray Street and Warren Street. and 
between Warren and Chambers Street at the (an 
nual ) rent of one shilling pr foot. When the said 
Committee was ordered to apply for the grant ac 
cordingly. 

July 24. A committee to enquire what right Mr. Welch 
holds the possession of the House and Ground back 
of the Church. Mi: Troup as security to James Wil- 
mot discharged from the obligation. 

Nov. 24 The Church Wardens to pay Doc. r Cooper 21 
Guineas for his disbursements in sollicking for this 
Corporation the Remission of the Quit Rents on the 
Tra6l of Land lately granted. 

Dec r 29. Governor Try on having presented a Set of 
Church Furniture Plate and Books for the Sole use 
and service of S^ Georges Chapel ordered the thanks 
of the Board for his generous donation. 
Ordered that a piece of plate of the Value of 30 
Guineas be presented to Doc 1 : Cooper for his ser- 






C *&> D 



TRINITY CHURCH 

vices in procuring a remission of quit rent, on the 
Tracl: of Land late granted to the Church. 
1773. Jan 13 Mr Rice to be allowed a Salary of ^90 p An. 
and 10 more for seting to musick Hymnes and 
Anthems that may be occasionally sung by the 
Charity Scholars. 

Feb. 24. The Committee reported That George Welch 
possessor of a House and Lott of Ground back of 
the Church That the Lott was granted to Coll 
Caleb Heathcote by Letters Patent under the great 
Seal of the Province dated 2 Sep* 1696. That in 
1697 Caleb Heathcote gave to Edw Anderson, 
whose Son and heir for =20 conveyed it to James 
Welch Father of the Present Possessor George 
Welch. That the Grant of the said Caleb Heathcote 
was Vacated by a Law of this Colony in 1699. And 
that the said Lott is now Legally vested in this Cor 
poration by a Grant from her Majesty Queen Anne 
in 1 705. When the said George Welch was informed 
that the Vestry would lease him the Lott for the 
Life of himself and his Wife and the longest liver 
for i/ rent p Annum. 

The Secretary from time to time to send Copies of 
all orders that are to be sent to all Committees, to 
the Re6lor he having undertaken to have them 
delivered in time. 

March 30 Committee to raise the annual rent of Pews 
in S* Georges Chapel. 

Bonds to be executed to Rev d Mr. Inglis and Rev : 
Doc Ogilvie for 355. 13. each ( theChurch being 
unable to discharge their debts being short recov 
ered in their Support. 

c 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Letters of Thanks to be written to the Archbishop 
of Canterbury and others on remission of quit rents. 
Doctor Cooper to be paid ^46.8. 6. in lieu of a S c . e 
of plate 

1 773 May 25. Auditors report that they find a balance due to 
Elias Desbrosses Esq. 337. 15.5! from this Corpo 
ration. 

June 9. Address to General Gage and Answer. 

July 8. Cornelius C Bogardus if attempts to take un 
lawful Possession of part of the Church Lands 
Letter of Attorney to be given under the seal to 
oppose and defend the Possession and remove the 
Fences if any shall be put thereon. 

Aug. 3 A piece of Ground to be appropriated for Burial 
Ground for Negroes. 

Sep. 1 5 The Committee reported that the Block or piece 
of Ground bounded by Church Street Reade Street 
Chapel Street and Ground of Anthony Rutgers be 
set apart for Negroes burial Ground. There a Fence 
to be erected around the same. 
Stephen Tippet being Indicted for removing and 
burning the Fence that was put up by Bogardus 
Ordered that M r . Kempe Mr. Duane & Mr Kissam 
appear and defend this Corporation Title. 
Draft of Corporation Grant to Church Corporation 
for Water Lotts read and approved. 
23. Cornelius C Bogardus again attempting to take un- 
lawfull possession of part of the Church Lands 
When Andrew Bell was empowered to oppose 
and defend the Possession of this Corporation and 
remove the Fence that he shall have put on 

C 19* ] 



TRINITY CHURCH 

A Power to be granted by the Church Wardens to 
enter into any House or Lands belonging to the 
Church that has been or may be entered upon by 
Cornelius Bogardus, or any person under him. 

O6lo. i Cornelius C Bogardus attempts again, and reso 
lution similar to the above. 

Nov 1 : 9. M r . Holland Alsop Lewis and others propose 
calling the revert M T . Coombe as assistant Minister. 
The Board unanimously declare that their Funds 
are unequal to Support him. But if the Congrega 
tion will engage to the Satisfaction of M r Coombe 
they will cheerfully call him as an assistant. 
1 774. Mar i M T . Chief Justice Horsmanden having claimed 
a right to a pew in Trinity Church Granted to M rs 
Vesey his late Wife, very serious debates arose 
thereon and the Corporation resolve that he had 
no right tho they indulged him in the Possession 
for Particular Reasons. 

April 12. Auditors of Church Wardens Account report 
that they find a ballance to Elias Desbrosses Esq. 



May 9. The two Churchwardens Mr Kempe Mr Duane 
Mr Kissam Mr Laight Mr. Bache & M r Shaw are 
a Committee to manage all controversies and Law 
Suits on the part of the Church. 
A Committee to reward such persons that have 
been employed in removing the Fences that have 
been put up by Bogardus. 

M'. s Anne Chambers having bequeathed ^500 to 
be placed out at Interest by this Corporation, and 
the yearly income to be applied for the support of 

C 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

the Girls of the Charity School, and in rewarding 
the most deserving in such proportions as the Ves 
try think proper 

1774 July 7. Fees to be demanded in the Negro burial Ground 
to be 6 1 for the Ground and 6/for digging the Grave. 
The Street leading from the Broadway between 
Trinity Church and the Parsonage House to be 
called Auchmuty Street. 

Note it is recorded by the City Corporation ROBIN 
SON STREET. 

Aug 18. William Bogardustobe prosecuted for Forceable 
Entry which he had illegally taken possession of. 
Vaults in S f Georges Chapel to be the same price 
that they are in Trinity Church Yard. 

Sep. 27. Vaults in Either Church Yard to be ,15. & half 
Vaults 8. 

Dec. 6. The Rev^ Mr. Vardill to be assistant Minister on 
a Salary of 100. p r Ann and | of Subscription to 
be solicited. 

1775. Jan. 3. If 683 or upward, can be raised by Subscrip 
tion for the Support of the Clergy, then this Corpo 
ration will call the Revf M* Moore and the Rev* 
M r Bowdin. 

Feby 7. The Subscription Roll and other Engagements 
for the Support of the Clergy am? to ,691 .2.0. be 
ing exhibited. Resolve for the Committee to Wait 
on Mr. Moore & M* Bowdin and know if they will 
consent to become Assistant Ministers on the terms 
offered by Vestry. 
10. Both Clergymen assented to the terms. 

May 9 Auditors report that they find a Ballance Due to 

C 



TRINITY CHURCH 

Elias Desbrosses Esq from this Corporation 

8.7J 

1 777. Mar. 20. By the Death of Doct. Auchmuty the Reftory 

becomes Vacant when the Rev^ Mr. Charles Inglis 

unanimously chosen and Elected. Re6lor of Trinity 

Church. 

Mr. Inglis acceptance presentation Admission 

Institution Induction 
April i . Letters to the Society for the Propagation of the 

Gospel and Bishop of London on the Death of Doc. 

Auchmuty and Choice of Mr. Inglis. 

Rev? Mr. Bowdens 111 State of health compels him 

to withdraw himself from the Service of the Church 
June 9. Committee to prepare petitions to his Majesty 

representing the loss of this Corporation by Fire. 

Auditors report that they find a Ballance due to 

Elias Desbrosses Esq. from this Corporation to 

i Ap! 1777- 659-192!. 

Committee appointed to Estimate the Damage this 

Corporation have suffered by fire on the 21 Sep 

1776. report Loss of Trinity Church including the 
Organ 17.500 

Re6lors House &c 2 500 

two Charity Schools 2 ooo 

Library 200 

beside the Annual Rent of, 246 Lotts of Ground. 

the Tennants Houses being consumed by fire 

Am? to 536 p r Annum. 

1 778. Jany 1 5 Certificate of the Reclors Institution and Induc 

tion by Mess Tho s Marston and John Moore 
Committee to View that part of Trinity Church yard 

c 195 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

on the South side of the Church appropriated and 
set apart for building of Vaults. 

1778 Jan 15 M 1 ? Mortiers application for the principal and 
Interest of a Bond of this Corporation for 4000. 
When she was informed that the Church Funds 
were inadequate to and could not at present dis 
charge any part of the debt. 

Letter from the Bishop of London applauding the 
Choice of Doc c Inglis in the room of Doc 1 Auch- 
muty deceased. 

Ap 1 21 M T . Amos Bull engaged as parish Clerk at 15 
p r Annum and 60 as master of the Charity School 
with the Customary Fees and perquisites over and 
above what may be allowed to him by the Society 
for the propagation of the Gospel in foreign parts, 
and that a House be provided to accomodate him 
and his family and for the Charity School. 
No Lotts to be rented untill they are Viewed. That 
no Tennants possess Lotts untill the leases be exe 
cuted. When the Tennant shall also execute a Bond 
for Performance of the Covenants. That a claim be 
inserted restraining the Tennant from Transferring 
their Leases or any part thereof without consent of 
the Corporation. 

Thanks to be given to Ml Nathaniel Marston for 
a New Velvit paal presented to the Church. 

June i . Auditors report that there is a ballance due from 
this Corporation to the Estate of the late Elias Des- 
brosses Esq. deceased to the 26 March the day of 
his death ,479.0.6. 

Resolution to procure as large a Subscription for 
the Rev d M r Moore as their Solicitations can obtain 



TRINITY CHURCH 

in addition to the 50 p r Annum which is all the 
Corporation can engage for. 

The Great Losses sustained renders it absolutely 
necessary for the Corporation to be carefull of their 
remaining Funds. Wherefore as the greater part 
now arises from the Rent of Pews. Each possessor 
is to be notified that unless the arrears are paid that 
their Pews will be rented to other Tennants. 
Sep. 4. Mr Laight to dispose of the old Iron saved out 
of the Ruins of Trinity Church. 

1 779. Mar 30 Ordered that the Numbers of the Lotts on the 
Church Ground be marked on the several Houses 
and Fences of the different Lotts. 
The Rev d M r Moore represented that his income 
was inadequate to the Support of his Family 
Wherefore it is resolved to allow him 200 in 
addition to his former Salary for the Present year 
Mr Bull requested an augmentation of his Salary, 
when =40 p r Ann addition was voted besides 10 
Sterg. p r Ann formerly allowed by the Society as 
Catechist to the Negros, which is to be continued 
untill that Salary is again allowed the Catechist. 
May 4 Auditors report that there remains a ballance 
in the hands of James Desbrosses Esq. the present 
Church Warden due to the Church 339-4>- 8 
The Parish Clerk may demand s/. for registering 
the name of each person baptized. 

1 779- O6lo. 29. It being represented that the Old dutch Church 
is now used as an Hospital for his Majestys Troops. 
This Corporation impressed with a gratefull re 
membrance of the former kindness of the Members 

C 197 H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

of that Antient Church, offer the use of Sf Georges 
to that Congregation for celebrating divine Worship. 
1780. Jan 25. It is apprehended that it will Tend much to 
the Interest of the Corporation, not only to widen 
the Streets upon the Church Lands but also to 
reserve some of the Lotts. And by that means in 
crease their Value. 

Resolved that M r Desbrosses M r Vandam Mr Edw 
Laight and M r Shaw be a Committee to make such 
alterations in the dispositions of the said Streets by 
contracting some lands, and throwing out some Lotts 
into the Streets in such manner as they shall think 
proper That they may agree with and receive sur 
renders from such of the Tennants whose lotts may 
be affe6led by such alterations, and also to remitt all 
or such part of the rents as they shall think necessary. 
The Rev*? Re6lor represents that his allowance from 
Vestry is far short of his Expenditures for his 
Family Resolved that in consideration of the ad 
vanced prices of provisions and necessarys he be 
paid 100 in addition to his former Salary for the 
present year also 

Ordered the like Sum of 100. to be paid to the 
rev<? M r . Moore. 

Apr 4. Auditors report that M r . Desbrosses hath a Bal- 
lance in his hands of 56673.15.8. due to this Cor 
poration. 

1 1 . A Letter from the Minister and Elders of the An 
tient Dutch Church Thanks the Vestry of Trinity 
Church for their kind offer and use of S'. Georges 
Chappel The Christian like behaviour and kind 
attention shown by the Members of the Church 

C 



TRINITY CHURCH 

of England, will make a lasting impression on the 
minds of the antient reformed Dutch Congregation 
who have always considered the interest of the two 
Churches inseparable. 

There being a Ballance in the hands of M* Des- 
brosses Church Warden Ordered that he do pur 
chase =400 Sterg Government Bills at the present 
low Exchange and dispose of them again when it 
shall be thought adviseable. 

Persons to be employed to close up the doors and 
Windows of Trinity Church The Parsonage 
and School House to preserve the Materials from 
being carried away. 

Application to be made for a Lottery to raise 2000 
for rebuilding the Charity School. 
M T . Bull Parish Clerk and Master of the Charity 
School again solicit an augmentation of his Salary, 
when it was Resolved that in consideration of the 
excessive prices demanded for every article in 
housekeeping he be allowed 100 in addition for 
this present year And it is expedld that if M r Bull 
intends leaving the School that he will give 6 M s 
notice thereof. That the Corporation may have an 
opportunity of providing another. 
July 4. M r . Sibley Clerk of S^ Georges to be paid ^10 
p r . Annum additional Salary. 
M? Desbrosses to discharge the debts due by this 
Corporation as money shall come into his hands. 
1 780. Sep. 3. A surrender of Coll. Fannings Lotts leased from 
the Church on remitting the arrears of rent and 
paying his advance of the purchase of the former 
Improvements. 

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HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Dec. 22. The Church Wardens to pay the Rector and 
M T . Moore each the Sum of^ioo. in addition to 
their past Salary s And that from the 25 March 
next their Salary s to be paid as follows. To the Rec 
tor 300 p r Annum and to the Rev? M T . Moore his 
Assistant 200 in quarterly payments. 
1781. April 5. Ml Desbrosses to apply any of the Corpora 
tion Funds that he may be possessed of, in pay 
ment of such Debts and in such manner as he may 
judge most for the Interest of the Church. 
To pay Thomas Collisten ^20 p Annum as Sex 
ton of S* Georges Chapel. 
To pay Walter Thomas Sexton of S^ Pauls the same 

Salary that was paid to Mitchell his predecessor. 

Lieut. Hill Assistant Engineer to be paid for Sur 
veying the Church ground by Mr. Desbrosses. 
17. M* Desbrosses ordered to take up upon Interest 
a sufficient sum to discharge a Bond of this Cor 
poration of 5000. Principal and Interest due to 
Governor Tryon on as reasonable Terms as he 
can procure it. 

It being debated whither or not it would be prudent 
at this time to rebuild Trinity Church, provided a 
sufficient sum of Money could be raised by volun 
tary Subscription for that purpose and it being put to 
the Vote it was carried in the affirmative by a great 
majority and thereupon. 

Resolved that a Subscription be set on foot for that 
purpose and Ordered. That M? Desbrosses, Mr. 
Van Dam, M? Ludlow M r Shaw M r Kissam, M r . 
Goelet and M r . Ellison be a Committee for that pur 
pose and Solicit Subscriptions. 

200 



TRINITY CHURCH 

A dispute having for some time subsisted, as to 
right in Pew 83 S^ Pauls between the daughters of 
the late M r Henry Cuyler and M r . John Marston 
which has at times been occupied by both familys. 
The Vestry are of opinion that the Miss Cuylers 
are the present Tennants and best are Entitled 
thereto. 

M T . Lambart Moore the present Clerk of the Ves 
try resigned that office and M* Robert Auchmuty 
appointed his successor with the usual Salary and 
Emoluments of Office. 

May 14. Auditors report that there is in the hands of 
James Desbrosses Esq. a ballance of ^42 1.15.2! 
due to the Corporation. 

Ordered that S* Georges Chapel be repaired ; and 
That S^ Paul Church Yard be inclosed with a Ditch 
and Temporary Fence. 



ANNOTATIONS 

Anthony Van Dam. 

Anthony, a son of Isaac and Isabella Van Dam, was born in New York 
City in 1731. His grandfather, Rip Van Dam, who came from an 
ancient Dutch family, was a wealthy merchant, and president of the 
governor's council. Upon the death of Governor Montgomerie in July, 
1731, Rip Van Dam became acting governor until the arrival of the 
new governor, Colonel William Cosby, in 1733. The young Anthony 
was carefully trained for mercantile life, and in 1753 he formed a part 
nership with Captain Peter Corne, one of the most popular mariners sail 
ing from the port of New York. Their advertisement, which appeared 
in the ' * New York Mercury ' ' November 12,1753, showed the varied 
stock they carried : 
' * Corne and Fan Dam at their store in King street next to Captain 

C 201 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

have imported yard wide Venetians, cross barr Hungarians, 
watered chines, calimancoes, blue, red, green worsted plush, tamies, 
bed ticks, china, blue calicoe, common & white chappel needles, pins 
in packs and pounds, best London pewter, pint and quart mugs, tea 
and milk pots, a large assortment of tin ware, nails, sodirons, corks 
of all kinds, shovels, tongs, brass cocks, Jews harps, iron coffee mills, 
frying pans, candle sticks, spades, compasses, saws, bellowses, hob 
nails." 

In May, 1753, the firm removed to "Widow Henderson's, Queen 
Street." The partnership was dissolved in 1757, but ventures were 
made by Mr. Van Dam and Captain Corne jointly to various parts 
of the world. At one time they owned together the brigantine Betsy of 
six guns, and in 1758 the Nebuchadnezzar of eight guns, of which 
Captain Corne was the commander. Upon October 29, 1759, Mr. Van 
Dam became clerk of the New York Insurance Office, which under 
wrote the risks for all vessels leaving the port. He announced that he 
would attend for certain hours every day * ' at the house of Widow Smith 
adjoining Merchants Coffee Exchange." His careful methods and his 
ability as an accountant made him very popular with his fellow-mer 
chants. He still continued to be a merchant, but dealt in West India 
goods, principally sugar, molasses, wines, and rum. On January 20, 
1763, he was made a master and warden of the port. There were 
seven of these officials at that time. Upon the organization of the 
Chamber of Commerce, April 5, 1768, with John Cruger as president, 
Mr. Van Dam was made the secretary. In this position he showed the 
most scrupulous exactitude. The records were kept by him in an en 
grossing hand, and written with an ink that is still a permanent black. 
All the documents and papers were carefully endorsed and properly 
filed. His services were of the greatest value, and were commended 
and appreciated. It is said of him that he never used more than one 
quill pen in the course of a year. 

In the measures taken against "ministerial oppression," to use a 
term of that day, he took an active and interested part. He was a mem 
ber of the Committee of One Hundred, who in 1770 addressed the 
King, the Lord Mayor of London, and the Merchants of England in 
remonstrance against the taxes laid upon the colonies, warning them 
of the serious consequences that would follow. The committee also 
dictated the policy of the corporation of the city for some years. Many 

202 



TRINITY CHURCH 

merchants joined it who were firm in their allegiance to the Crown 
and thought conciliation and redress were possible. Others were eager 
for an actual outbreak and ultimate independence. Mr. Van Dam was 
by inclination and descent conservative, and looked with disfavour 
upon the fiery words and deeds of some of his colleagues. He remained 
in New York City during the British occupation, attending the meet 
ings of the Chamber of Commerce held during that period and keep 
ing the organization together. He was present for the last time May 6, 
1783. In the course of that year he removed to London, England. 
He died at his house in Guilford Street, London, September 23, 1808, 
at the age of seventy-seven years. He was a firm Churchman, and was 
a vestryman of Trinity Church from 1762 to 1783. A tablet to his 
memory, erected by a sister who lived with him for he never mar 
ried is within the chancel of St. Paul's Chapel. It is understood 
that the inscription was from the pen of his friend John Pintard. 

SACRED 

TO THE MEMORY OF 
ANTHONY VAN DAM ESq. 

GRANDSON OF THE 

HONORABLE RIP VAN DAM, 

PRESIDENT OF THE COUNCIL IN THE 

PROVINCE OF NEW YORK 1?3I. 

HE WAS, FOR MANY YEARS A VESTRYMAN OF TRINITY CHURCH, 

DISTINGUISHED FOR HIS ATTACHMENT AND SERVICES. 

THE EARLIER PART OF HIS LIFE WAS PASSED 

IN HIS NATIVE CITY. 

FROM THE YEAR I?88, HE RESIDED IN LONDON, 
WHERE HE DIED ON THE 230 SEPT. 1808. 

IN THE 77TH YEAR OF HIS AGE ; 

HIGHLY ESTEEMED BY A LARGE CIRCLE OF FRIENDS. 

HIS REMAINS WERE INTERRED IN THE CHAPEL OF 

THE FOUNDLING HOSPITAL IN THAT CITY. 

THIS MONUMENT 

WAS ERECTED BY HIS AFFECTIONATE SURVIVING SISTER, 

CATHERINE VAN DAM, OF LONDON, 

A.D. 1824. 



203 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Exemplification of the Charter of Trinity Church, New Tork. 
Alongside of the Abstract made by Anthony Van Dam is a manu 
script copy of the Exemplification of the Charter of Trinity Church. 
It opens with the following preamble : 

* ' GEORGE THE THIRD by the Grace of God of Great-Brittain France 
and Ireland King, Defender of the Faith, and so forth To all to whom 
these presents shall come or may concern GREETING. KNOW YE, that 
among the Records remaining in our Secretary's Office of our pro 
vince of New York in America in Book of Patents N 7 Page 90 &c. we 
have inspected a certain Charter or Letters Patent, the tenor whereof 
follows in these words, this is to say." 

Here follows an exact copy of the Charter with the following addi 



tion: 

M 



All which at the request of the Rector and Church Wardens of 
Trinity Church aforesaid we have caused to be exemplified by these 
Presents. IN TESTIMONY whereof and for corroberating and strengthen 
ing of the same we have caused these our Letters to be made patent 
and the great Seal of our Province of New York to be hereunto affixed 
WITNESS our trusty and well beloved Cadwaller Colden Esquire our 
Lieutenant Governor & Commander in Chief of our Province of New 
York and the Territories depending thereon in America at our Fort 
in our City of New York the seventh day of September in the year 
of our Lord One Thousand seven Hundred and Sixty five and in our 
Reign the fifth. 

CLARKE." 



204 



THEODOSIUS BARTOW 

THEODOSIUS BARTOW was the son of Theodosius and grand 
son of the Rev. John Bartow, the first rector of Westchester. He 
was born at Westchester in 1747. In 1786 he became lay reader in 
Trinity Church, New Rochelle, succeeding Andrew Fowler, after 
ward a clergyman in South Carolina. In 1788 Mr. Bartow was re 
commended to the Bishop for ordination by the Convention of the 
Diocese of New York, and was made deacon by the Rt. Rev. Dr. Pro- 
voost, January 27, 1790, and ordained priest October 19, 1790, where 
upon he was called to the rectorship of the parish with a salary of 
twenty pounds a year. He won the esteem of the people, and under 
his guidance the Church was prosperous. In June, 1819, he resigned, 
and received the thanks of the vestry for his long and faithful ser 
vices, with their prayers " that the residue of his days may be serene, 
joyful, and happy." 

While minister of the church in New Rochelle he lived in the house 
now occupied by Mrs. Cowdry, in Beauchamp Place. He married a 
MissAbrams, whose mother built this house in 1790, placing tiles 
depicting Scriptural stories around the fireplace. Here her children 
were taught their Bible lessons. Theodosius Bartow died at New Ro 
chelle, November 12, 1819, in the seventy-second year of his age. 



[REPORT ON TRINITY CHURCH, NEW ROCHELLE 
FROM THEODOSIUS BARTOW] 

THE Re<5lor of Trinity Church at New Rochelle Report 
since the if January 1804 
Five Infant Baptisms 

Five Burials To which the re6lor has been called 
Seven Marriages 
Eighteen Communicants 

Trinity Church at New Rochelle has been Episcopal ever 
since the year of our Lord 1 709 The first Episcopal minister 

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HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

was the Rev? M T . Bondette next to him was the Rev*? Mr 
Stuppe for many years After him the Rev"? M r . Howdin 
After him the late Bishop Seabury as Re6lor of the par 
ishes of Westchesteruntillthe revolution After him M r . Bar- 
tow ordained 1 790. A Donation was made to this Church by 
John Pell of One hundred Acres of Land situate in the Town 
ship of New Rochelle. Since sold and the money funded for 
the benefit of the Rector 

A Donation from Trinity Church at New York of seven 
hundred & fifty Dollars May i5 l . h 1798 

THEOD? BARTOW Reftor 

New Rochelle ) 
Oftober I s ! 1804 j 

Superscription : 

Trinity chh New Rochelle 



ANNOTATIONS 

Daniel Bondet. 

Daniel Bondet belonged to a noble family long settled near La Rochelle, 
France. He was born about 1652. His mother was a daughter of the 
seigneur of Castelfranc, surnamed Nautonnier, whose chateau of Cas- 
telfranc and large estates were in the neighbourhood of La Rochelle. 
The seigneurs had long been noted for their wealth, refinement, and 
loyal support of the Protestant cause. Philippe de Nautonnier, father 
of Madame Bondet, had studied theology, and was ordained a min 
ister of the Reformed Protestant Church. He preached in Montredon 
and various other places as occasion demanded, and was liberal in his 
benefactions for the support and comfort of his distressed brethren. 
In 1619 he had married Marguerite, a daughter of Daniel Chamier. 
That clergyman was regarded as one of the most learned Protestant 
theologians. His "Panstratia Catholica" has been considered as the 
best presentation in that period of the causes of controversy with the 
Roman Church. He was professor at Montauban. It is understood that 
M. Bondet studied at Geneva, that he was presbyterially ordained 

206 



THEODOSIUS BARTOW 

about 1675 and took charge of a congregation in France. When the 
Edict of Nantes was revoked, October 8, 1685, he with many others 
sought refuge in England, where they were kindly received. M. Bon- 
det, like others of the refugees, received holy orders in the Church 
of England. At that time Gabriel Bernon, a wealthy merchant of La 
Rochelle, was living in London. He was greatly distressed at the 
unhappy condition of many of his fellow- townsmen, and generously 
offered to provide forty families with homes in New England. 

In the spring of 1686 he agreed with Colonel Robert Thompson, a 
merchant of London, a leading Dissenter and president of the Society 
for Propagating the Gospel in New England , to purchase a tract of land 
in the unoccupied township of New Oxford, fifty miles from Boston, of 
which Colonel Thompson, Chief Justice Dudley, and Lieu tenant-Gov 
ernor William Stoughton of Massachusetts and others, were the pro 
prietors. The town is in the region then known as the ' ' Nipmuck Coun 
try " from the tribe of Indians whose home it was. It is pleasantly di 
versified by uplands and level plains, and watered by the French River. 
It is situated in the southern part of Worcester County, near the Con- 
necticutline, eleven miles from Worcester. The original survey by John 
Goreof Roxbury was approved by theGeneral Court of Massachusetts, 
May 16, 1683. The colony of Huguenots landed in Boston under the 
guidance of M.Bondet in the summer of 1686, and soon after jour 
neyed to their new home. Among these pioneers were Andre Segourne, 
Jacques Depau, Elie Dupeu, Jean Maillet, Pierre Canton, Jean Beau- 
doin, and Benjamin Faneuil. Upon an eminence a mile and a half from 
the present centre of the village the settlers erected a substantial fort as 
a protection against the Indians, particularly those from Canada, who 
were accustomed to descend suddenly upon the New England settle 
ments. In the old record the hill was named Bondet Hill ; on its east 
ern slope, near the Boston road, was built the " Great House," as it is 
called, which is supposed to have been the pastor's home. The church 
was erected on a rise of ground across the stream, near the present 
Humphrey homestead, where large stones, a part of the foundation, 
are still to be seen. Mills for sawing lumber and grinding corn were 
erected on the plain. Besides cultivating their farms and small vine 
yards, M. Bernon gave employment to many in a wash-leather mill, 
where chamois skins were prepared for use. 

M. Bondet was the leader of the little community, and was regarded 

C 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

with much affection and respect. He was also missionary to the Indi 
ans, under appointment by the Massachusetts authorities, with a sti 
pend of thirty pounds from the New England Propagation Society. 
The Rev. John Quick, the English biographer of Daniel Chamier, 
says of him : * ' This Gentleman preacheth in three languages unto 
three several nations, English, French and Indian." One document 
concerning his Indian work is in the Massachusetts archives. It is a 
letter to the governor and council complaining of the effect of the sale 
of liquor to the Indians in the neighbourhood of Oxford. It is entitled, 
"M'Dan 1 Bondet's Representation referring to N. Oxford July 6 th , 
1691." It is printed here as given by Dr. Abiel Holmes on page 61 
of the Massachusetts Historical Society Collections, third series, vol 
ume ii. M.Bondet says that he writes upon 

4 'An occasion which fills my heart with sorrow and my life with 
trouble, but my humble request will be at least before God, and before 
you a solemn protestation against the guilt of these incorrigible persons 
who dwell in our place. The rome is always sold to them without order 
and measure, insomuch that according to the complaint sent to me 
by Master Dickestean with advice to present it to your honour. The 
26 of the last month there was about twenti Indians so furious by 
drunkness that they fought like bears and fell upon one called remes 
. . . who is appointed for preaching the gospel amongst them ; he had 
been so much disfigured by his wonds that there is no hopes of his 
recovery. If it was your pleasure to signify to the instrumens of that 
evil, the jalosie of your athoriti, and of the publique tranquility, you 
would do great good maintaining the honour of God in a Christian 
habitation, comforting some honest souls wich being incompatible 
with such abominations feel every day the burden of afflixion of their 
honourable peregrination aggravated. Hear us pray, and so God be 
with you and prosper all your just undertakins and applications, tis 
the sincere wish of your most respectuous servant. 

D. BONDET. 

minister ofthegospellin a French congregation at new oxford" 

The apprehension of the colonists that they were exposed to danger 
from the Indians was not imaginary, as is shown by the letters of 
Andre Segourne, one of the leading men in the community. He says 
that the Indians had appeared several times, and that consequently 

[ 208 1 



THEODOSIUS BARTOW 

the crops were neglected while the men were in the garrison. The con 
stant alarms made many timid, and some families sought the greater 
safety of Boston and other large towns. M. Bondet left Oxford before 
the attack upon John Johnson in 1696, and took charge of the Hugue 
not Church in Boston. His successor, the Rev. James Laborie, after 
ward a conformist to the Church of England and lay reader in Fair- 
field, Connecticut, complained in 1699 that "he had taken with him 
all the books which had been given for the use of the Plantation and 
both the acts and papers of the village." 

In 1697 M. Bondet became minister of the French congregation at 
New Rochelle in the Province of New York, as successor to the Rev. 
David Bonrepos. The tract of land had been purchased September 
20, 1689, for a company of Huguenots from La Rochelle, by Jacob 
Leisler, afterward acting governor of New York, for sixteen hundred 
and seventy-five pounds and twenty-five shillings, sterling, of John 
Pell, proprietor of the manor of Pelham. The land was released to the 
settlers May 31, 1690. The township was first surveyed and laid out 
in farms and lots November 20,1693. The earliest settlement by the 
French exiles was in 1686. No church was built until 1692, the people 
assembling in various houses for their simple worship and the sing 
ing of Marot's Version of the Psalms. Soon after M. Bondet's settle 
ment at New Rochelle, he sent the following letter of greeting to his 
friend, Dr. Increase Mather. It is preserved in the Massachusetts 
archives, and is given as found on page 118 of George F. Daniels 's 
' ' The Huguenots in the Nipmuck Country in Oxford, prior to 1 713 : " 

New York the 10 Jan, 1697-8. 

DEAR SIR : 

IT is an old and innocent custom to use words of congratulation at 
the revolution of the year : we are as travellers in the world and the 
use ... to the fellow travellers . . . quid ni in cwriculo vitae 

We are well come then so far, and be the Almighty pleased to attend 
the remaining of your travel with His protection and blessing. Grace 
be with you, and with peace upon your family, and upon the land 
which you are serving so graciously. Also the same I wish heartily 
to your fellow laborers in the ministry at Boston, to whom I present my 
respect commending my person and labour to their Godly remem 
brances. I have writ to his honour Mr. Stoughton for to receive the 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

annual subvention assigned to me from the Corporation of which your 
honourable court hath assured the continuation in my need. I shall 
not repeat here that your . . . reverence hath already heard from me, 
if I have any kind and comforting word to expect from your rev 
erence, I pray you to direct it to the Rev. Mr. Selyns, your worthy 
friend the minister of York. 

I remain with a true and sincere respect of your reverence the most 
humble and obliged servant 

DANIEL BONDET. 

For the REVEREND MASTER INCREASE MATHER, 

President of the College and Mr. of Divinity Boston. 

In 1702 M. Bondet sent the following petition to the royal gov 
ernor, as recorded on page 399 of Bolton's" Church in Westchester 
County:" 

PETITION OF REV. MR. BONDET OF NEW ROCHELLE 

(TRANSLATED FROM THE FRENCH) 

To His Excellency Milord Cornbury, Governor and Commander in 
Chief. 

MY LORD, 

I MOST humbly pray your Excellency to be pleased to take cogni 
zance of the petitioner's condition. 

I am a French refugee minister, incorporated into the body of the 
ministry of the Anglican Church ; I removed about fifteen years ago 
into New England with a company of poor refugees, to whom lands 
were granted for their settlement, and to provide for my subsistence, I 
was allowed one hundred and five pieces per annum, from the funds 
of the corporation for the propagation of the Gospel among the sav 
ages. I performed that duty during nine years with a success ap 
proved and attested, by those who presided over the affairs of that 
Province. 

The murders which the Indians committed in those countries caused 
the dispersion of our company, some of whom fell by the hands of 
the barbarians. I remained after that, two years in that province ex 
pecting a favorable season for the reestablishment of affairs, but after 

C 210 ] 



THEODOSIUS BARTOW 

waiting two years, seeing no appearance, and being invited to re 
move to this Province of New- York, by Colonel Heathcote, who al 
ways evinces an affection for the public good, and distinguishes him 
self by a special application for the advancement of religion and 
good order, by the establishment of churches and schools, the fittest 
means to strengthen and encourage the people, I complied with his 
request and that of the Company of New Rochelle, in this Province, 
where I passed five years on a small allowance promised me by New 
Rochelle, of one hundred pieces and lodging, with that of one hun 
dred and five pieces which the corporation continued to me until 
the arrival of milord Belamont who, after indicating his willingness 
to take charge of me and our Canton, ordered me thirty pieces in 
the Council of York, and did me the favor to promise me that at his 
journey to Boston he would procure me the continuation of that sti 
pend that I had in times past. But having learned at Boston, through 
Mr. Nanfan, his lieutenant, that I annexed my signature to an eccle 
siastical certificate which the churches and pastors of this Province 
had given to Sieur Delius, Minister of Albany, who had not the good 
fortune to please his late Lordship, his defunct Excellency cut off his 
thirty pieces which he had ordered me in his Council at York, deprived 
me of the Boston pension of twenty-five pieces, writing to London to 
have that deduction approved, and left me during three years last past 
in an extreme destitution of the means of subsistence. 

I believed, my Lord, that in so important a service as that in which 
I am employed, I ought not to discourage myself, that the Providence 
of God which does not abandon those who have recourse to his aid by 
well doing, would provide in its time for my relief. 

Your Excellency's equity; the affection you have evinced to us for 
the encouragement of those who employ themselves constantly and 
faithfully in God's service induce me to hope that I shall have a share 
in the dispensation of your justice to relieve me from my suffering, so 
that I may be aided and encouraged to continue my service, in which, 
by duty and gratitude, I shall continue with my flock to pray God 
for the preservation of your person, of your illustrious family and the 
prosperity of your government. Remaining your Excellency's most 
humble and most respected servant. 

DANIEL BONDET. 

C 1 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Order and Report on the above. 

At a Council held atffort Wm. Henry, this 29th day of June, 1702. 
SA : SH : BROUGHTON, 

GARRARD BEEKMAN, Esqrs. CALEB HEATHCOTE, Esq., 
RIP VAN DAM, JOHN BRIDGES, Doctor of Laws. 

Upon the motion of Coll : Heathcote that the Minister of New Rochelle 
had formerly a salary allowed him out of the Revenue which the late 
Earle of Bellamont deprived him of, it is hereby ordered that the peti 
tion of the said Minister formerly D d to his Excellency, be referred 
to the s d Coll : Heathcote, who is to examine into the allegations and 
report the same. 

By order of His Excellency and Council, 

B. COSENS, Crk Council. 

May it please yr Excell: 

IN obedience of yr Excell commands : I have examined into the alle 
gations of the within Petition and do find that the Petitioner was em 
ployed about fifteen years ago by the corporation for propagating the 
Xtian ffaith amongst the Indians at a place called New Oxford, near 
Boston, with the allowance of a salary of 25 a year, where he con 
sumed the little he brought with him from ffrance in settling himself 
for that service, and being afterwards by reason of the War compelled 
to fly from thence, his improvements where wholly lost. During the 
time of his stay here, which was about eight years, it appears by a cer 
tificate under the hands of the late Lieut. Governour Stoughton, of 
Boston, Wait Winthrop, Increase Mather and Charles Morton, that 
he with great faithfulness, care and industry, discharged his duty, 
both in reference to Xtians and Indians, and was of an unblemished 
life and conversation. After his being called to New Rochelle the Cor 
poration afore-mentioned, in consideration of his past services and suf 
ferings, were pleased still to continue'him his salary, which he enjoyed 
until the arrival of the late Earl of Bellamont, who having settled 30 
a year upon him out of the Revenue, used afterwards his interest with 
the said Corporation to take off the salary, they had all along allowed 
him, which no sooner was effected but he immediately suspended him 
also from the 30 a year he had settled upon him, by which means 
the Petitioner is left with a very deplorable condition, not being able 
with the salary that is allowed him at New Rochelle, which is only 

212 



THEODOSIUS BARTOW 

20 a year to support himself and family. All which is humbly sub 
mitted by 

Yr Excell' s obedient humble servant, 

CALEB HEATHCOTE. 

In a letter written in 1704 to the Venerable Society, after the call and 
induction in 1702 of the Rev. John Bartow to the parish of West- 
chester, Colonel Heathcote mentions his plan with regard to M. Bondet 
when the newly formed parish had called Warham Mather for one 
year, although he was a Dissenting minister : 

After he [Mather] had been with them for some time, Westchester 
parish made choice of me for one of their church-wardens, in hopes 
of using my interest with Col. Fletcher to have Mather inducted to 
that living. I told them it was altogether impossible for me to comply 
with their desire, it being wholly repugnant to the laws of England 
to compel the subject to pay for the maintenance of any minister 
who was not of the national church, and that it lay not in any Gov 
ernor's power to help them, but since they were so zealous for having 
religion and good order settled amongst them, I would propose a me 
dium in that matter, which was, that there being at Boston a French 
Protestant minister, one Mr. Bondet, a very good man, who was in 
orders by my Lord of London, and could preach both in English and 
French, and the people of New Rochelle being destitute of a minister, 
we would call Mr. Bondet to the living, and the parish being large 
enough to maintain two, we would likewise continue Mr. Mather and 
support him by subscriptions. The vestry seemed to be extremely well 
pleased with this proposal, and desired me to send for Mr. Bondet, 
which I immediately did, hoping by that means to bring them over 
to the Church, but Mather apprehending what I aimed at, persuaded 
the vestry to alter their resolutions, and when he came they refused 
to call him." [Boltorfs Church in Westchester County, p. 5.] 

It was the hope of the Churchmen of Westchester County that 
Daniel Bondet would bring many to regard the Church of England 
favourably. In a letter to the Society in 1703, Mr. Bartow says of him 
in connection with securing his salary of fifty pounds from the parish : 
"Another obstruction has been in the manor of Pelham, the inhab 
itants of which are French Protestants, who have Mr. Bondett for 
their minister, a gent in Episcopal orders, (but not using the liturgy 

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HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

of the Church of England) and therefore they have the greater plea 
to sue for an exemption ; but the Quota, Westchester intends to lay an 
nually upon them (viz 5) is so inconsiderable and the people many 
and wealthy, that my Lord Cornbury would not hear of any altera 
tion, and my Lord has prevailed with Mr. Bondett to cease from any 
further endeavours." [Bolton's Church in Westchester County, p. 22.] 

In October, 1704, the clergy of New York and New Jersey assembled 
in voluntary convention thus speak of the pastor of New Rochelle and 
his work among the Indians and in his parish : "Mr. Daniel Bondet 
has gone further in that good work (converting the heathen) than any 
Protestant minister that we know, we commend him to your pious con 
sideration as a person industrious in the service of y e Church and his 
own nation, y e French, at New Rochelle." \Boltori 's Church in West- 
Chester County, p. 403.] 

In the following letter M. Bondet, alluding to a letter received by 
Colonel Heathcote from the Venerable Society, asks for the punctual 
payment of an annual stipend. 

New Rochelle, July 24/4 1707. 
SIR, 

COL. HEATHCOTE has done me the favor to communicate to me the ex 
tract of a letter, where you make mention to him of me, and the part 
the Honorable Society is pleased to take in what concerns my life 
and service. If it had pleased God that the ships had come hither, 
which he expected, I doubt not but according to your opinion, I had 
had proofs of their good will and approbation, as also directions from 
my Lord Bishop of London, concerning those things whereof I did 
myself the honour to inform his Lordship, with the testimony of 
several eminent and creditable persons. T' would be needless, Sir, to 
repeat things whereof my Lord of London and the Honorable Society 
are fully informed. I'll only say for my comfort and the honour of 
my service, that amongst the many misfortunes that have happened 
to me, never any one opened his lips to reproach me of my life and 
doctrine, and God has supported me in all those cases in which men 
have abandoned me. I immediately looked upon that which his Ex 
cellency, My Lord Cornbury, ordered me out of Her Majesty's reve 
nue as a sure fund, but the payment thereof is so remote from one 
another that I am ready to perish in the mean time, insomuch, that 

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THEODOSIUS BARTOW 

'tis very surprising to all them that hear it. My Lord is so kind as to 
give me some warrants, but to this hour I have some by me of four 
years standing, whereof Mr. Neau is soliciting one with Mr. Bearsly, 
the Receiver, without being able to get anything. The favor I ask of 
you, Sir, and the Honourable Society, is, that you would be so good as 
to get me such an order from the said Society as you shall judge most 
proper for the payment of my arrears, and if it be Her Majesty's 
good pleasure to confirm to me what two Governours, by the advice 
of the Council have ordered as a necessary provision for my subsist- 
ance, viz. 30 out of Her Majesty's revenue, and that pension be 
paid to me quarterly according to the time of its establishment. If 
I obtain this favour of the Honourable Society, I shall be obliged to 
you for having contributed thereunto by your representation accord 
ing to your justice and charity. I pray God to give us the opportu 
nity of giving satisfaction to that venerable body (whereof you are a 
member) by the joyfull tidings of the great progress which the Gos 
pel makes in these parts, through their great care and piety. I have 
seen with pleasure the beginning of Mr. Neau's exercises, as also, 
from time to time, the progress and good order of his proselytes. It 
were to be wished that the civil powers would take the same care 
of the slaves in the country. I have often proposed this to our com 
pany, among whom there are several slaves ; the poor creatures might 
easily receive the same edification by the care of the minister in their 
several places ; if that was recommended in such a manner that the 
servants, the masters and pastors, might understand that this order 
which our superiors require is both reasonable and just. I should 
be always ready, if it pleased the Lord with his help, to discharge 
my duty and follow the directions which shall be given me by my 
superiors, for whom I will continue to pray heartily that God would 
direct them how to labour successfully in all things for the advance 
ment of his glory in the midst of his people, and that he would please 
to continue unto you life and grace to further his work in your gen 
eration. 

I am, Sir, &c., &c., 

DANIEL BONDET. 
[Bolton's Church in PFestchester County, p. 403.] 

Early in the year 1709 M. Bondet, who had for some years read the 

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HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

service of the Church of England and preached in, English on the 
third Sunday of every month, perceived that the larger portion of his 
flock were ready to conform. He consulted with the Rev. William 
Vesey, the Rev. John Sharpe, Colonel Heathcote, and other influential 
Churchmen. The matter was carefully considered for six months. No 
compulsion of any kind was used to secure the conforming of the con 
gregation, and only two persons officially connected with it made any 
formal objection. All preliminaries having been settled, the following 
letter was sent to Colonel Heathcote. It is taken from page 407 of Bol- 
ton's "Church in Westchester County :" 



Nezu-Tork, June 6th, 1709. 
HONOR 'D SIR, 

SINCE it is by your charitable assistance and concurrence that the 
company of New Rochelle find themselves provided with the min 
istry, that your prudence and wise management hath hitherto com 
posed and aswaged our difficulties about these matters of Church 
settlement ; we have thought that it was our duty and that it should 
be your pleasure of charity, to assist us with your presence and di 
rections, that we may come to some terms of Resolution for to have 
our Church in full conformity with the national Church of England, 
and for to have the protection and assistance of the rules and encour- 
agers of the same, that the service of God may be established in our 
place according to that holy rule, and the weakness of our place con 
sidered, that she may be enabled to support the charges of the min 
istry, as your Honor knows enough of our circumstances, be upon 
that trust of your candour, sincerity and charity, for refuge Protes 
tants, well meaning in the duties of our holy religion. We remain, 

Honor'd Sir, 
Your most humble and dutiful servants, 

ELIAS BADEAU, 
ADREW RENEAU, 
J. LEVILLAINE. 
(Signed by twenty-six otters.] 

On the Monday in Whitsun-week, June 13, 1709, the congregation 
conformed, and this event is thus recorded in the charter: "All the 
inhabitants of the Township of New Rochelle who were members of 

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THEODOSIUS BARTOW 

the said French Church, excepting two, unanimously agreed and con 
sented to conform themselves, in the religious worship of their said 
Church, to the Liturgy and rites of the Church of England as estab 
lished by law, and by a solemn act or agreement did submit to and 
put themselves under the protection of the same." 

In writing to the secretary of the Venerable Society, Colonel Heath- 
cote says: 

Manor of Scarsdale, June I3th, 1709. 

WORTHY SIR, 

AFTER I had finished my other letters, Mr. Bondet gave me an ac 
count by letter, that his people were in a very good temper to receive 
and conform to the Liturgy of our Church, in their congregation, 
whereupon I went toNewRochelle, being accompanied by Mr. Sharp, 
Chaplain to the fforces, he being at my house, having yesterday 
preached and administered the sacrament at Rye. Mr. Bartow did us 
also the favour to meet us at Mr. Bondet's, and his congregation 
being desired to be at church, after the service had been performed 
by Mr. Bartow, and a very good sermon preached to them by Mr. 
Sharp, the heads of their congregation desired Mr. Bondet to read 
and present me with a paper, returning me thanks for my endeavours 
in settling them in their religious affairs, which I send you herewith. 
Whereupon, those gentlemen of the clergy and I did advise them to 
address the Society, acquainting them with their resolution of con 
forming to the rules and discipline of the Church, to pray their assist 
ance in supporting their minister and to send them a number of com 
mon prayer books in the frrench language, which is here enclosed, 
and also an instrument in ffrench, being a declaration of their incli 
nations to conform to the rules of the Church. We all of us promised 
them not to recommend them in the best manner we could, but 

also to prevail with Col. Nicholson and Col. Morris to do the like. I 
believe I need not use many arguments to persuade the Society to do 
what they can conveniently for them ; for Mr. Bondet, besides his serv 
ing the people of New Rochelle, will be of great use in assisting the 
ministers of the other Parishes, and not only that, but if these people 
are favourably received and encouraged, it will be a great means to 
influence the ffrench congregation in New-York likewise to conform 
and I am not without hopes of effecting my desired end of having 

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HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

this country divided into three Parishes, by which means we should 
effectually shut out all sectaries from ever crowding in upon us. I 
can hardly express how great comfort and satisfaction it is to me to 
see this work brought near so happy an issue and for which I have 
been laboring in vain many years, and the only thing that obstructed 
it was, that the Government would not give us leave, and which was 
almost the only cause that none of your churches have throve better 
in this Province. The ffleet are just upon sailing and I am in a very 
great hurry in concluding my letters, but I must beg leave to refer you 
to my next and remain, worthy sir, 

Your affectionate humble servant, 

CALEB HEATHCOTE. 
[Bolton's Church in Westchester County, p. 408.] 

Under the heading, "June," which follows "May 1709," the Rev. 
John Sharpe, in his Diary, preserved in the manuscript department 
of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, makes these entries : 

" 10 I went towards Rye at M r Bartow's. 

11 To Col. Heathcote's. 

12 White Sunday. I preached at Rye, twice and administered the 
Sac" to 22 Comants and Baptised some children. 

13 I came to New Rochelle & preached. Mr. Bartow read prayers 
y 8 day the members of the French Church signed a deed by w h 
they conformed to y c drine & worship of y e Church of England & 
sev 11 addresses." 

Among the addresses was the following one to the Venerable Propaga 
tion Society, which is transcribed from page 410 of Bolton's "Church 
in Westchester County : ' 1 

To the Right Reverend and Right Honourable and Venerable Society 
for Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. 

THE humble petition of several inhabitants of the town of New Ro- 
chelle, in the Province of New-York, in behalf of themselves and 
other inhabitants of the said Place. 

THE extraordinary care that your Honorable Society hath shewn in 
these parts of America, for the settlement of the Church in places 
which want directions and encouragement, to come to the happy terms 

C 218 ] 






THEODOSIUS BARTOW 

of union and conformity to the national Church of England, makes 
us confidently to hope that your charity will be pleased to take into 
your pious consideration the condition of a poor company of refugees, 
inhabitants of the town of New-Rochelle, whose case hath been repre 
sented already several times by the Hon. Col. Heathcote, by whose 
assistance and concurrence we were provided fourteen years ago with 
a worthy minister, Mr. Daniel Bondet, ordained by the Lord Bishop 
of London ; who, by his constancy and tender condescension hath 
shewed us how confidently and with good conscience we may com 
ply with the Church of England and further our edification in the 
knowledge and grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, for whose sake we 
have left our native country and have been with great pity and char 
ity relieved in England. 

We have now happily brought that work to a fair and resolved con 
clusion. The Hon. Col. Francis Nicholson, Colonel Heathcote and Colo 
nel Morris, have promised to use their interest with the Venerable 
Society to have some regard to the just representation of our circum 
stances which are unable to support the charges of a ministry, having 
been unable to pay to Mr. Daniel Bondet but 20, this country money, 
per annum, sometimes more, often less. Notwithstanding which, he 
hath courageously continued to edify us by his doctrine and irreprove- 
able conversation. 

The 30 per annum proposed to be paid him out of the revenue 
of this Province, hath for several years been unpaid, as will appear 
by the joynt representation of the said Col. Heathcote and the Rev 
erend Clergy, with an account of the unpaid warrants. The revenue 
is now expired by its own limitation, and we have no other hope of 
support for the maintainance of our minister than in your piety and 
charity, which we beg leave to implore in these our indigent circum 
stances, and that you will be pleased to send over a considerable num 
ber of common prayer books, in the French language. We are already 
above one hundred communicants, and if we can enjoy the benefits 
of an English schoolmaster sent amongst us, we hope we and our pos 
terity daily to improve, under the happy constitution of the English 
Church and Government. 

We conclude with our hearty prayers to God for the peace of the 
nation, the enlargement and prosperity of the Church, and a blessing 

C 21 9 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

on your pious endeavours for promoting the Gospel of Jesus Christ, 
and are with profound respect, 

Rt. Reverend Rt. Honourable and Venerable, 

Your most obedient humble servants, 
ISAAC GUIONS, 
Louis GUIONS JEJEUNE, 
ANTHONY LISPENAR, 
PIERRE VALLEAU. 

(With twenty-two others.} 

The two members of the congregation who refused to conform with 
others not members of the French Church were allowed to retain the 
old wooden church which stood a little below the house of Stephen 
Carpenter, near the Presbyterian Church. In March, 1709, Lieuten 
ant-Governor Ingoldsby had issued his license for the building of 
a new church at Rye, as the congregation had increased so rapidly. 
Owing to the changed conditions, immediate steps were taken, and 
another license was obtained from Governor Hunter, August 2, 1710. 
It was directed "to the Hon ble Coll. Heathcote, Coll. Lewis Morris. 
To the Rev. Mr. Bondet, minister of New Rochelle, to Capt. Oliver 
Besley, Dr. John Neville, Isaiah Le Villain, and the other inhabitants 
of the Town of New Rochelle Communicants of the Church of Eng 
land as by Law established." These trustees met on August 8, 1710, 
and ' ' agreed to build the Church on the North side of y c high street 
in the said Town of New Rochelle, in y c County of Westchester, the 
said Church forty foot in length and thirty foot in breadth between 
the Dwelling houses of Francis Le Conte and Zachary Anseuvain 
as judging it the most Convenient Place." [Documentary History of 
New York, vol. in, p. 943.] 

The Rev. John Sharpe and Elias Neau undertook to gather sub 
scriptions toward the building fund in New York City and other 
places. The largest amounts were six pounds from Governor Nichol 
son, the Rev. Evan Evans, and the Rev. John Talbot. From that they 
ranged between two pounds and one dollar ; nearly every prominent 
person in New York subscribed. The church was commenced early 
in the fall, and was a little east of the present building, near the en 
trance of the lane to the former home of the late Elias Guion. It was 
nearly square, and very plain both in its exterior and interior. It is 

220 



THEODOSIUS BARTOW 

said that the people were so eager to do all they could for the church 
that some women brought stones for the walls and others carried 
mortar in their aprons. 

M. Bondet continued his ministry with increasing zeal. He reports 
that there were new communicants at each celebration of the Holy 
Communion. According to the custom of the period, the celebrations 
were four in each year besides those on Easter Day and Christmas 
Day. In 1714 he requested "that the Honourable Society would be 
pleased to allow us the benefit of an English Bible, with a small quan 
tity of English Common Prayers, because our young people or some 
of them, have sufficiently learned to read English, for to join in the 
public service when read in English." In November, 1717, he wrote 
a letter to the Society in which he mentioned the death of his wife, 
4 'God having crowned the hardships of her pilgrimage with an hon 
orable end," and he also reported "the admission to the communion 
of two negroes, to the satisfaction of the Church, who heard them 
often before giving promise of their Christian instruction, and hav 
ing a good report among our people." An unhappy experience of 
the closing years of Bondet' s ministry is thus recorded in Bol ton's 
"Church in Westchester County," on page 428 : 

'The latter period of this good man's ministry, (whose age and in 
firmities, at least, should have entitled him to some degree of respect,) 
was embittered by the outrageous conduct of the seceders from their 
own Church, aided by one Moulinars, and the Consistory of the 
French Church of New- York. It appears that Monsieur Lewis Roux, 
a man of learning and the lawful pastor of the French Church in 
New -York, absolutely refused to abet these seceders, at New Rochelle, 
which ultimately led to his unjust dismissal from the pastoral charge, 
and the usurpation of the above mentioned Moulinars. The whole mat 
ter is thus represented by Governor Hunter to the Venerable Society : 

Bath, Sept. 2 ist, 1720. 

SIR, 

I HAD the honour of yours with Mr. Bondet' s enclosed. Monsieur 
Roux's moderation procured him the chagrin of a colleague of a differ 
ent disposition, who was not so easy to hearken to advice, which was 
all that was in my power. The case stands thus : part of the inhabitants 
of New Rochelle separated from the rest from the time that Mr. Bon- 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

det owned his Episcopal ordination, and being without a pastor of 
their own they met on Sundays, at Mr. Alard's house, where they 
continued their religious exercise after their own manner. Monsieur 
Roux, refused to go thither either to preach or administer the sacra 
ments, being persuaded that they were not without a lawful pastor 
of their own, on whom he would not intrude, which got him enemies 
amongst the most zealous and considerable of his congregation, which 
ended in their calling an assistant tractable to their warm disposi 
tion. I foresaw what has happened, and begged of Mr. Bondet to enter 
into no discussions with the Consistory at New- York, where his ene 
mies would be his judges, but to bear all with patience and to repre 
sent it to the Society. If the chief of the ministers of the French Con 
gregational Churches could be persuaded to write to Monsieur Moli- 
nar to forbare intruding where he has no lawful call, as his colleague 
has hitherto done, I believe that would answer all the ends Monsieur 
Bondet has in view, and keep things quiet there. 
I am with respect, Sir, 

Your most obedient humble servant, 

ROBERT HUNTER. 

"Monsieur Roux, in a memorial to the governor, dated New York, 
Feb. 18, 1724-25, says: 'In opposition to this National Church, 
they (Moulinars and friends) have entertained and fomented for sev 
eral years a scandalous schism at New Rochelle, where the incapacity 
of providing for a minister, obliged the inhabitants to establish an 
Episcopal Church, through the bounty and protection of the Society 
in England, and they would still support this schemed their M . . . . 
.... was not taken up in the custody of our church, of which he 
keeps the keys, in order to keep me out unjustly.' Wonderful to say, 
throughout this dispute, Moulinars and his party not only undertook 
to defend their independency from the discipline of the French Church, 
but labored to prove their attachment to the Church of England. In 
answer to the first, Mr. Roux justly observes, (in the above men 
tioned memorial) * that if he is not mistaken, the true principles of the 
Independent are expressly condemned in our discipline.' As to the 
second, he says : ' They have always been enemies of the Church of 
England as by law established ; they have always railed at her liturgy, 
her service, her Church government, and her ceremonies. ' This strife 

[ 222 3 



THEODOSIUS BARTOW 

continued for some time, until at length, the New -York seceders 
' being fearful of a decree that might expose their own estates to the 
payment of Mr. Roux's salary, thought it advisable to drop their 
debates, reinstate the minister and leave the Church.' 

* ' In New Rochelle the seceders erected a meetinghouse, styled them 
selves, 'The French Protestant Congregation,' and remained violently 
opposed to their lawful pastors, and not only so, but in opposition 
to their own founders, prescribed the Church of England in her doc 
trine, discipline, ordinances, usages, rites and ceremonies, as popish, 
rotten and unscriptural." [History ofWestchester County, p. 428.] 

The Rev. Daniel Bondet ended his earthly labours in September, 
1722, in the seventieth year of his age. It had been a life of vicis 
situde, hardship, and achievement. The first incumbent of the par 
ish of New Rochelle will ever be regarded as a worthy pioneer and 
founderof the Church in the American colonies. He married in France 
a wife whose Christian name was Jane, said to have been a member 
of a ducal family. No children appear to have survived him. 

Pierre Stouppe. 

The ancestors of Pierre Stouppe, the second minister of Trinity 
Church, New Rochelle, had long been members of the Reformed Pro 
testant Church of France. It is said that his grandfather was the Rev. 
Mr. Stouppe who was the pastor of the French Church in London dur 
ing the Protectorate, and was sent by Oliver Cromwell in 1654 to nego 
tiate matters of importance to the French Protestants in a conference 
held at Geneva, Switzerland. Pierre Stouppe was born in France in 
1690, and took his course in divinity at the University of Geneva. He 
was presbyterially ordained in France, and was sent to South Caro 
lina, where he took charge of the French Church in Charleston. In 
1679 a company of Huguenots had been recommended by the Lords 
of Trade and Plantations ' ' to the Governor and Council of Ashley 
River." They were given land, and soon became an important part 
of the community. After 1685 a much larger number of refugees set 
tled on fertile tracts on the Cooper and San tee Rivers. A church was 
built for them soon after 1685, of which Elias Prioleau was the first 
minister, and it was served by a succession of able men. Of the quiet 
orderliness of the Huguenot planters near Charleston we are told : 
'Their Church was in Charlestown, thither they repaired every 

C 223 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Sunday from their plantations on Cooper River. They could be seen, 
profitting by the tide, arriving by families in their canoes, at the pub 
lic landing at the foot of Queen Street, preserving a religious silence, 
which was alone interrupted by the noise of their oars." \W. A. 
Courtenay, Centennial Address, p. 62. Centennial of the Incorporation 
of Charleston, South Carolina, 1883.] 

It is uncertain how long Mr. Stouppe remained in the southern city. 
Late in 1723 he went to England, and was made deacon and ordained 
priest by the Rt. Rev. Dr. Edmund Gibson, Bishop of London, on 
Christmas Day of that year. Mr. Bartow of Westchester, during his 
temporary charge of the parish, stated in a letter to the Venerable 
Society announcing the death of M. Bondet: "I humbly pray that 
the Society would send them a missionary that can preach to them in 
their mother tongue, and that he be desired to preach once a month 
in English, at Eastchester, for I can't attend the people so often as they 
require, which was the occasion about three years since of the hiring 
of a Presbyterian Minister, who is now removed to Bedford, within 
the parish of Rye." [Boltorfs Church in Westchester County, p. 434.] 

Mr. Stouppe was appointed to New Rochelle by the Venerable So 
ciety with a stipend of fifty pounds a year. In July, 1724, he was 
inducted into the parish under the mandate of Governor Burnet. In 
October, 1724, in answer to the set of questions sent by the Bishop of 
London to the colonial clergy, he mentions that a library of four hun 
dred volumes had been left to the parish by M. Bondet. He visited 
and instructed the negro slaves of New Rochelle, then numbering 
ninety-eight, ' ' some of which come on Sundays out of their free will 
to church without their master's order." He catechized the children 
of the parish on every Sunday in the summer. It was his desire to 
bring all the people of the town to the parish church, but some of the 
difficulties he encountered are detailed in the following extract from 
a letter to the secretary of the Venerable Society : 

New Rochelle, Province of New-York, 
May \zth, 1725. 

SIR, 

Bur there are yet thirty families unconformed within New Rochelle 
bounds, and were it not for fear of the eager censures of Mr. Mouli- 
nars, one of the French ministers of New- York, who comes quarterly 

[ 224 3 



THEODOSIUS BARTOW 

amongst them, and some of the most creditable members of his con 
gregation, who jointly with him do support their separation from the 
Church, all those yet dissenting families, without exception, would 
have been come over to it already. The proceeding is so unjust that 
I cannot forbear to complain of, and set down to the consideration of 
the Honorable Society, some of the arguments they make use of to 
keep the Dissenting inhabitants of New Rochelle in their division, 
from the Church and even to pervert, if possible, its truest defenders. 
They not only at all occasions inspire them with a disadvantageous 
opinion of the Church of England, but they raile in a plain manner 
at its Liturgy and Ceremonies. The said Mr. Moulinars has declared 
(as can be proved) that he finds our Church and that of Rome as like 
one another as two fishes can be; besides, the said minister and his 
party have threatened the yet dissenting French inhabitants of New 
Rochelle of breaking with them all commerce, and of suspending all 
acts of charity and support towards them, if ever they should dare 
to join themselves at any time to the Church ; nay, for instance, the 
said Moulinars and his party convinced long ago of Mr. Roux the 
other minister of the French in New- York, and his inclination and 
good affection to the Church, and of his always openly blaiming and 
disapproving Mr. Moulinars, his colleagues irregular practices aginst 
the Church in general, and especially his keeping up and fomenting 
our unhappy divisions in New Rochelle. The said Moulinars and his 
party in revenge, have pretended to depose Mr. Roux, and suspend 
him accordingly of all his accustomed ministerial functions amongst 
them, as you may see it more largely in this collection of papers on 
that subject which I beg of you to put into the Honorable Society's 
hands, and which will justify in general the matters I here acquaint 
them with. They will find that one of the chiefest reasons of this vio 
lence against Mr. Roux, has no other ground than this constant affec 
tion to the Church, and the public approbation he has at all times and 
occasions given to its ceremonies and doctrine ; and this affair is so 
far gone that the Honorable Council of this province could not forbear 
to take notice and to interpose their mediation and authority, which 
having been unsuccessful on the French dissenters part, Mr. Roux 
intends by the advice of his friends to carry his complaints into Chan 
cery, where it is not doubted but he will find protection and justice. 
I thought it necessary to make you this relation that the Honourable 

225 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Society might be more sensible of the great prejudice Mr. Moulinars 
and his adherents do in general to the Church of England, and in 
particular to that of New Rochelle ; and that there is no unlawful 
practice which they scruple to make use of for the detriment of it. 
After Mr. Bondett's, my predecessors death, they engaged the dis 
senters to build a meeting house about two hundred yards distant 
from the church in which I officiate twice every Sunday, they incited 
them also to reclaim the one hundred acres of land which Mr. Bon- 
det enjoyed, and which were given by the Lord Pell to the use of 
the Church, in order to deprive me of it ; and notwithstanding all the 
friendly presentations made from time to time to the said Mr. Mouli 
nars by some gent of this country, and also by the late Lord Bishop of 
London, of which Master Aufere, one of the Society members, may 
give a more full and exact account; all this, I say, did not prevail 
with him, nor induce him to keep his own congregation and not to 
intrude himself into those of others, and consequently not to trouble 
their union and peace. He also of late eagerly consumed some of the 
dissenters of New Rochelle, who to save expenses and inconveniences 
they would lay under in bringing their children to York to be chris 
tened by him, or who by reason of having no aversion from the Church 
do not think fit to defer their baptism till he come amongst them, 
according to his desire have required me to baptize them. I heartily 
wish the Honourable Society would pity our assaulted Church and 
take some effectual means for the removing of the cause and instru 
ment of the unhappy divisions we are in ; our endeavours here with 
out their assistance having proved of but little and of none effect. For 
there is no irregular practice which in their opinion is not supported, 
and which they do not find justified and authorized by the benefit of 
toleration and liberty of conscience granted to them, in such manner 
they abuse that great and inestimable priviledge. You will, Rev. Sir, 
very much oblige me in giving me notice as soon as possible, of the 
Honourable Society's intention and resolution about that affair. 

I am, Reverend Sir, &.C., 

PETER STOUPPE. 
[Boltorfs Church in Westchester County, p. 438.] 

In 1726 Mr. Stouppe reported that "he had baptised six grown 
negroes and seven negro Children, fitted eight young people for the 

[ 226 3 



THEODOSIUS BARTOW 

sacrament of the Lords Supper to which they have been accordingly 
admitted." In answer to the questions of the Venerable Society in 
a letter of June 16, 1727, for " 1717 " is evidently the mistake of a 
copyist, he gives particulars as to the building of the church, its 
support, and members ; although the date given for the erection of 
the church is incorrect, as it was not commenced until at least a year 
later. The following passages in the letter as given in Bol ton's 
"Church in Westchester County," page 440, are of interest: 

REVEREND SIR : 

ACCORDING to the Honorable Society's order, signified unto me by your 
last of the 16th June, 1717, here you have the best accounts I could 
get upon the several heads and matters intimated unto me in the 
aforesaid years. 

1st. As to the church. It was built in the year 1708, upon the public 
or king's road, of strong materials, joined together with mortar, the 
inside plastered and white washed, of 40 feet length and 30 breadth. 
Partly by its own members, the inhabitants of New Rochelle, who 
gave it a number of days work towards it, partly by the contributions 
of the following charitable persons, members of the Church of Eng 
land or well wishers to it, settled in divers parts of this province as you 
will see by the list here set down and recorded in our church book. 

Fifty paces from the said church, there is a glebe of three and a 
half acres of land, upon part of which stands the parish house or the 
minister's dwelling place, built of wooden materials, the inside plas 
tered, consisting of two rooms on a floor, a garret and a small kitchen 
house ; the other part of said glebe serves for a dwelling place. 

The salary subscribed for the minister by the members of New Ro 
chelle church amounts at present to 10 19s. money of this province, 
of which, through negligence or pretended poverty of the subscribers 
there is little more than half part of it actually paid ; so that the pro 
visions of firewood which they make to their minister for the time be 
ing, is by much the better part of his salary, though little in itself. . . . 

There is no church near or about New Rochelle, save one which 
from the one side of its bounds is three miles distant, and from the 
other side seven miles distant, and divine service is no oftener per 
formed in it than once in a month, or twelve times in a year. Trav 
elling is in all seasons difficult in this country, it being very rough 

C 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

and uneven, full of rocks and stones, hills, valleys, creeks, loose and 
bad bridges. The Fall is attended with great showers and the Win 
ter with ice, snow, and exceeding sharp winds. 

Notwithstanding the effective work Mr. Stouppe was doing at New 
Rochelle, dissatisfaction arose among the English-speaking members 
of the congregation. This dissatisfaction was voiced by Andrew Lis- 
penard, who wrote in 1742 to the Rev. James Orem, the chaplain of 
the forces at the Fort of New York, asking for the removal of Mr. 
Stouppe and the appointment of a minister who would preach oftener 
in English. He stated that out of a population of eight families, thirty- 
four did not understand French at all, and that for nine weeks together 
the service had not been said in English. It was probably on account 
of this complaint that Mr. Stouppe went to England in the summer 
of 1743, bearing with him the following letter: 

New Rochelle, June ist, 1743. 
DR. BEARCROFT : 

REV. SIR, Our minister, ye bearer hereof, having communicated 
to us his letter to you of ye ninth of Oct. , 1742, wherein he expressed 
a desire of revisiting his native country, and asked ye Honorable So 
ciety's leave for that purpose ; we took that declaration as if he had 
resolved to leave us altogether and to serve our church no longer ; and 
therefore, made bold to address ourselves unto ye Honorable Society 
for providing us with another, that we might not remain destitute. 

But learning now from his own mouth that he designs to go no 
further than London, and is willing to return, with ye Hon'ble Soci 
ety's permission, for the service of our church. We therefore, upon 
this consideration, take ye liberty to declare and acquaint you that our 
said minister, since his first coming, has constantly resided among 
us, preaching (as directed by ye Hon'ble Society,) two Sundays in 
French and one in English, much to our satisfaction and edification, 
his doctrine being very sound, and his pronunciation full, clear, and 
intelligible upon which account we could have wished that he had 
finished his days among us without interruption, and we expected 
nothing else ; but as it happens, a strong desire to hear from his rela 
tives has prevailed with him to take a journey for Europe. However, 
seeing now he explains his mind, and promises to return among us, 

228 



THEODOSIUS BARTOW 

we beg of the Hon'ble Society that they would accordingly be pleased 
to send him again to us, by the first and next opportunity. But if, 
contrary to our expectations, it should fall out otherwise, we repeat 
our former petition, and beg leave to entreat ye Hon'ble Society not to 
leave us destitute, but to continue to us their charity in providing us 
with another in his room, as in their great wisdom they shall think 
fit. Such is the prayer of us underwritten members of NEW ROCHELLE 
church, who are with great respect, 

Reverend Sir, 
Your most obedient humble servants, 

and in ye name of all, 
JEAN SOULICE, 
PETER BONNET, 
GIEL LE COUNTE, 
PETER SICARD. 

(Signed by 56 others.) 
[Boltorfs Church in Westchester County, p. 447.] 

Upon his return with the approbation of the Bishop of London and 
of the Society, Mr. Stouppe continued his effective work at New Ro- 
chelle without any further hindrances except such as were inciden 
tal to the war, when, as he declares, he lost many by removals, by 
enlisting in the King's service, and by death. He died in July, 1760, 
in the thirty-seventh year of his incumbency. Few missionaries of the 
period did a larger or more enduring work. He left a widow, Madame 
Magdalene Stouppe, for whom in December, 1760, Dr. Barclay re 
quested from the Venerable Society " the usual bounty." 

Michael Houdin. 

Michael Houdin was a member of a family of distinction in France. 
He was born in 1705, and carefully educated for the priesthood of the 
Roman Church, to which he was ordained by the Archbishop ofTreves 
on Easter Day, 1730. He entered the order of St. Francis. His ability 
marked him for distinction, and when still a young man he was sent 
to Montreal, Canada, to be the superior of a monastery of Franciscans, 
or Recollets, as they are often called. In that position he won the com 
mendation of those high in authority in France and Canada. The min 
utes of the governor's council of New York state that "on the 29th 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

of June, 1744, Governor Clinton acquainted the Council that one Mon 
sieur Michael Houden, and a woman said to be his wife, were lately 
come to town from Canada. ' ' The governor confined them to their lodg 
ings and placed two sentinels on guard, and Mr. Houdin was exam 
ined by the members of the council, who remanded him to his lodgings. 
Letters placed before the council on July 5 from Lieutenant Lindsay, 
then at Oswego, showed that Mr. Houdin, in passing that fort, had 
given valuable information as to the intentions of the French. After 
taking the oath of allegiance he was allowed to come into town from 
Jamaica, where he was under guard. He was welcomed with great 
cordiality by Dr. Barclay and the other clergymen living in or near 
New York City. Upon a study of the doctrines and discipline of the 
Church of England he conformed to it after a period of three years, 
making a public renunciation of his allegiance to the Church of Rome 
on Easter Day, 1747, in Trinity Church, New York. Three years 
later we find him writing a letter in June, 1750, to the secretary of 
the Venerable Society, mentioning the need of a clergyman for Tren 
ton, Allen's Town, and Borden's Town, and the unexpected and press 
ing invitation he had received to officiate in those places. By advice 
of the governor and clergy he went to Trenton. He asked for the ap 
probation of the Society and the license of the Bishop of London to 
officiate in the Plantations, which requests were readily granted. He 
was a faithful worker through all the unoccupied towns and settle 
ments within a radius of seventy-five miles of Trenton, laying stable 
foundations. In 1759 he accompanied the British troops to Canada as 
a chaplain. His intimate knowledge of the country and facility in both 
the French language and Indian dialects made him invaluable. He 
proved of great service to General Wolfe in the attack upon Quebec, 
as he was well acquainted with the surrounding country and knew 
the secret path up the Heights of Abraham. By the express command 
of General Murray he remained with the garrison at Quebec for more 
than two years. Constant efforts were made through the vicar-general 
of Canada to bring him back to the Roman obedience, with promises 
of high preferment, but he refused them absolutely. 

In August, 1 76 1 , he was appointed to New Rochelle by the Venerable 
Society, and entered upon his duties late in that year. One of the 
first acts of his administration was a petition to Lieutenant-Governor 
Cadwallader Colden for a charter of incorporation for the Church at 

C 230 3 



THEODOSIUS BARTOW 

NewRochelle. It was presented February 1, 1762, and gran ted May 12 
of the same year. It confirmed all the rights and privileges of the 
members of the parish, ratified their title to their lands and other prop 
erty, and incorporated them, ' ' under the name and style of the minister 
and members of Trinity Church at New Rochelle in the County of 
Westchester." During Mr. Houdin's incumbency there was much 
difficulty over the title to the glebe, it being claimed by the members 
of the French Protestant Church, owing to some technical defects in 
the deed from Lord Pell. It was finally recovered by the payment 
of one hundred pounds. Mr. Houdin did full and fruitful work for 
five years, with the warm esteem of the people and approval of his 
brethren of the clergy. He died in October, 1766, and was buried 
within the church by the side of his predecessors. He was the last 
of the French incumbents. A funeral sermon was preached by the 
Rev. Harry Munro of Yonkers, from the text, "Prepare to meet thy 
God." (Amos iv. 12.) Mr. Munro had been an intimate friend from 
the days when they were both army chaplains. 

Samuel Seabury at New Rochelle. 

The vacancy at New Rochelle was announced to the Venerable Society 
by the Rev. Samuel Seabury, rector of Westchester, in the following 
letter, under date of June 25, 1767 : 

"By the death of Mr. Houdin, New Rochelle has fallen under my 
care for the present ; I have preached there several times, and once ad 
ministered the communion to fifteen communicants. The congrega 
tion consists of near two hundred people, decent and well behaved, 
part English and part French. The French all understand English 
tolerably well ; and except half a dozen old people in whose hands is 
the chief management of affairs, full as well as they do French. The 
greatest part of them would prefer an English to a French minister; and 
none are warm for a French one, but the half dozen above mentioned. 
' They had a glebe of near one hundred acres of land left them for 
merly, thirty acres of which they have recovered ; the rest is kept from 
them under pretence that it was given to a Presbyterian or Calvanistic 
French Church. They have also a parsonage house ; but whether these 
endowments are so made, that an English minister could not enjoy 
them, I cannot yet learn. New Rochelle is seven miles from this place, 
three from Eastchester, eight from Rye and perhaps about that dis- 

C 231 H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

tance from Philipsburgh. I have been thus particular, that the Society 
may be able to judge whether it is expedient for them to send another 
missionary to New Rochelle or not. Dr. Auchmuty has informed me 
that he has wrote to the Society upon this subject, and I find it is his 
opinion that a missionary is less necessary there than in many other 
places where they have none. If the Society should decline sending a 
missionary there I could attend them in summer, every other Sunday, 
in the morning and be at Eastchester in the afternoon, and in winter 
every fourth Sunday, and indeed these churches are so near that most 
of the people might attend at either. I would not, however, be under 
stood as dissuading the Society from sending another missionary to 
New Rochelle, but only as informing them in what manner they might 
be provided for in case they decline it, and should the Society put 
them immediately under my care I should very readily submit to their 
consideration what allowance should be made me on that account." 
[Batten's Church in Westchester County, p. 470.] 

By his ministrations Mr. Seabury kept the congregation together 
and looked after their interests, as is shown by the following letter to 
the Venerable Society: 

Watckester, Ot. ist, 1768. 
REV. SIR, 

I AM sorry the people of New Rochelle have deservedly fallen under 
the censure of the Society. They seem to keep things too much in the 
dark with regard to their glebe ; but as soon as I can get such an ac 
count of that matter as shall enable me to write intelligibly to the So 
ciety about it, I will lay it before them. In the mean time as there is 
a number of strolling teachers, especially of the sect of Anabaptists, 
who ramble through the country, preaching at private houses for the 
sake of making proselytes and collecting money, I have thought it 
best to visit them occasionally, as well to prevent any ill effects that 
might arise, as for the sake of a number of well disposed people who 
live there. I shall, however, carefully attend to the caution you give not 
"to neglect my particular cure of East and Westchester." [Helton's 
Church in Westchester County, p. 472. J 

Owing to the disturbed condition of affairs, it is doubtful whether 
Mr. Seabury was able to visit New Rochelle after the year 1774. 
A fuller notice of Bishop Seabury will be found in Volume I, page 173. 

C 232 ] 



THEODOSIUS BARTOW 

John Pell. 

The Pell family in America traces its descent from Walter de Pelham, 
who held the lordship of Pelham in Hertfordshire, England, in 1294, 
the twenty-first year of the reign of Edward the First. His son Wil 
liam settled at Walter Willingsley, Lincolnshire, in 1328. At the be 
ginning of the sixteenth century the representative of the family was 
the Rev. John Pell, rector of Southwick, Essex, and grandson of Sir 
Richard Pell, Knight, of Dymblesbye, Lincolnshire. He married Mary 
Holland of Halden, Kent, a descendant of Joan Plantagenet, known 
as the Fair Maid of Kent. He had two sons, Thomas, born in 1608, 
and John, born in 1610. Thomas was a gentleman of the bed-cham 
ber to King Charles the First, and on the fall of that sovereign he 
was one of the early settlers in New England in the company of the 
Rev. John Warham, which settled at Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 
1630, and afterwards, in 1635, at Windsor, Connecticut. Later in 
the same year he was associated with Roger Ludlow in the forma 
tion of a plantation with ten families at Unquowa, the Indian name 
for the present town of Fan-field, Connecticut. In 1642 he was a resi 
dent of New Haven. He engaged in commerce, and in 1647 had 
several vessels plying between New Haven and Virginia. In that year 
he married Lucy, the widow of Francis Brewster. In 1654 he pur 
chased a tract of land in Westchester County from the sachems Mami- 
nepoc, and Annhoock or Wampage, and five other Indians. It in 
cluded the land on what is now Pelham Neck owned by the unfortu 
nate Madam Anne Hutchinson. This tract he erected into the manor 
of Pelham. It was confirmed to him by a patent from Governor Rich 
ard Nicolls, October 8, 1666. In 1653 he made extensive purchases 
in Fairfield, and in 1662 was made a freeman of the town. He repre 
sented it in the General Court in 1665. His wife died in 1668, and 
he survived her but a year, dying in September, 1669. By his will 
he made "my nephew John Pell, living in ould England, the sonne 
of my only brother John Pell, Doctor of Divinity, which he had by his 
first wife, my whole and sole heire of all my lands and houses in any 
part of New England or in y e territoryes of the Duke of York." 

The Rev. Dr. John Pell was three years younger than his brother. 
He was educated under the supervision of his mother, for his father 
had died when he was only five years old, and then proceeded to 
Trinity, Cambridge, when only thirteen years old. After taking the 

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HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

degree of master of arts he went to Oxford to complete his studies. 
He is said to have been proficient in Arabic, French, Dutch, and He 
brew, as well as in Latin and Greek. He was an especially fine mathe 
matician, and held the professorship of mathematics at Amsterdam, 
Holland, from 1643 to 1646. He then, at the request of the Prince of 
Orange, became professor of mathematics at the new University of 
Breda. In 1652 he returned to England, and in 1654 was made by 
Oliver Cromwell, resident minister to the Protestant Cantons of Swit 
zerland. He lived principally at Zurich until recalled in May, 1658, 
and arrived in England in August, three weeks before the death of 
the Lord Protector, September 3. He was ordained in 1661, and was 
given the crown living of Fobing in Essex, to which the Bishop of 
London added, in 1663, the rectory of Laindon. He married July 3, 
1632, a daughter of Henry Reginolles, or Reynolds in modernized 
spelling. Her Christian name appears in diiferent documents as Te- 
hamaria, Tamar, or Anthamar. They had four sons and four daugh 
ters. Dr. Pell died December 12, 1685. The eldest surviving son, John, 
was born in London, England, February 3, 1643. He arrived in Bos 
ton in the fall of 1670, and brought with him a letter of introduction 
to Governor Winthrop of Connecticut from Lord Brereton. A certifi 
cate of recognition was issued to him by the governor and assistants 
assembled in Hartford, December 9, 1670, which was confirmed by 
Governor Lovelace for New York. The new lord of the manor im 
proved and developed his inheritance. Upon October 20, 1687, a new 
patent for the lordship and manor of Pelham was issued by Governor 
Thomas Dongan to John Pell, Gentleman. In 1688 he was made 
judge of the court of common pleas for the county of Westchester. 
In 1691 he represented the county of Westchester in the Provincial 
Assembly. He married in 1684 Rachel, a daughter of Philip Pinck- 
ney, one of the ten proprietors of the town of East Chester, and a 
descendant of the Pinckneys of Pinckney Manor, Norfolkshire, Eng 
land. They had two sons and two daughters. 

Trinity Church , New Roche lie. 

Upon the resignation of Mr. Bartow the Rev. Ravaud Kearney, rec 
tor of St. Paul's Church, East Chester, was elected to the rectorship. 
He served both parishes faithfully until 1821, when he resigned East 
Chester to give his whole time to New Rochelle. Considerations of 

C 234 3 



THEODOSIUS BARTOW 

health caused him to resign in 1822 and remove to Maryland as rector 
of William and Mary and St. Andrew's parishes, St. Mary's County. 
A brief notice of him will be found in Volume II, page 304. He was 
succeeded by the Rev. Lewis Pintard Bayard, a man of much strength 
of character, and a grandson of the Hon. Elias Boudinot. He opened 
and conducted a school of a very high grade. He removed to New York 
City in 1827, and devoted the remainder of his life to developing a 
new parish in what was then the upper part of thecity, St. Clement's 
Church in Amity, now Third Street. The Rev. Lawson Carter, one of 
the six young men who entered the General Theological Seminary 
when it was opened in a small room in the tower of St. Paul's Chapel, 
in the spring of 1819, was chosen as Mr. Bayard's successor. He 
served both East Chester and New Rochelle with much acceptability 
until 1839. His successors to 1876 have been Thomas Winthrop Coit, 
theologian and historian ; Richard Umstead Morgan, who after twenty- 
four years' incumbency was made rector emeritus in July, 1873, and 
died in 1882, in his eighty-third year ; and John Henry Watson, who 
had charge of the parish for two years. In 1876 the Rev. Charles F. 
Canedy became rector, and was in office in January, 1912. The corner 
stone of the present parish church was laid August 13, 1862, and the 
edifice was completed in September, 1863, from designs of Richard 
Upjohn. It is of early English Gothic, and consists of a nave, aisles, 
apsidal chancel, and vestry room. Within the sanctuary are windows 
in memory of the three rectors in the colonial period. During the week 
commencing May 30, 1909, there were commemorated the two hun 
dred and first anniversary of the landing of the Huguenots at Daven 
port's Neck, New Rochelle, and the bicentennial of the founding of Trin 
ity Church. The Church and city joined in the dual commemoration. 
On Saturday, June 5, there was an historic pageant, with a re 
production of a caravel of the seventeenth century followed by the 
landing from the caravel of a party of the descendants of the original 
Huguenot families in the dress of the period. On Trinity Sunday the 
commemoration came to an end. At the midday celebration the Rev. 
Dr. William Jones Seabury, the great-grandson of Bishop Seabury, 
was celebrant, and the address was given by the Rev. Dr. Lowndes on 
1 'The Debt of the Huguenots to the Anglican Church." A special 
form of service was drawn up by Dr. Lowndes and authorized by 
the Bishop of the diocese. It contained the following Bidding Prayers : 

235 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Let Us Pray 

In the Name of our Lord Jesus Christ I bid you all pray for the con 
tinued prosperity of this Venerable Parish, that it may ever be the 
home of different nationalities, worshipping the majesty of the Trinity 
in the unity of adoration of Christ the Lord. 

I bid you pray for all Christians in France, that they may know the 
Gospel of Christ and obey the will of the Father as revealed by the 
Holy Spirit. 

I bid you pray that the Sees of Canterbury and New York may ever 
be, in the future as in the past, the refuge of those who, obeying the 
commands of the Lord Christ, fled from City to City, in times of trial. 

I bid you pray that unto the peoples of France and the United States 
there may be granted the supreme grace of humility. 

I bid you pray for this City, that its Citizens and inhabitants may 
ever hold in grateful remembrance the debt which they and the 
United States of America owe to France and England for freedom 
of thought and freedom of worship. 

I bid you pray for me and all your teachers, that we may preach the 
gospel of Jesus Christ in whatever lands He may send us, and finally 
receive the reward of worshipping in that Heavenly Country, where 
all nations are knit in one in the presence of Christ the Lord. 

I bid you hold in grateful remembrance the founders and ancient 
benefactors of this venerable Parish : 

Anne, Queen of England, Scot- Anne, Queen 

land, France and Ireland 

Thomas, seventy-ninth Arch- Thomas Tenison, Archbishop 

bishop of Canterbury 

John John Sharpe 

Daniel Daniel Bondet 

Priests Priests 

John John Pell 

Jacob Jacob Leisler 

Benjamin Benjamin Fletcher 

Robert Robert Hunter 

Caleb Caleb Heathcote 

Elias Elms Neau 

Lewis Lewis Jlongrand 

C 236 ] 



THEODOSIUS BARTOW 

Aman Aman Guion 

James James de Blez 

Lewis Lewis Pintard 

Peter Jay Peter Jay Munro 

John John Hunter 

Lloyd Lloyd Daubeny 

Philip Rhinelander Philip Rhinelander Underhill 

and and 

Jean Jean Soulice 

of the Faithful Laity, and I bid you pray that their Alms and prayers 
may ever come up as a memorial before God, and that He will in His 
mercy allow the remembrance of these good works to come before 
Him when every man shall be judged according to his works. 

I bid you pray for the priests and rectors who have offered the 
sacrifices of praise and thanksgiving at the altar of this Parish. 

David David de Bonrepos 

Daniel Daniel Bondet 

John John Bartow 

Pierre Pierre Stouppe 

Michael Michael Houdin 

Theodosius Theodosius Bartow 

Ravaud Ravaud Kearny 

Samuel Samuel Seabury 

Lewis Pintard Lewis Pintard Bayard 

Lawson Lawson Carter 

Thomas Winthrop Thomas Winthrop Coit 

and and 

Richard Umstead Richard Umstead Morgan 

that they may be counted worthy to join in the worship of Heaven 
before the Altar-Throne of the Lamb. 

Among the relics preserved by Trinity Church, New Rochelle, is a 
quaint bell, believed to be one of the oldest in the United States. The 
maker was evidently proud of his handiwork, for he stamped it with 
the inscription, " Samuel Newtown made me in 1706." The bell 
was given originally by Sir Henry Ashurst of London to the French 
Church, du St. Esprit, of New York City. The giver was the son of 

C 2 37 1 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Sir Henry Ashurst, eminent for his benevolence and piety, and the 
chief person in founding the corporation for propagating the gospel 
in foreign parts in the reign of Charles I, to whom he was treasurer. 
The vestry of L'Eglise du St. Esprit afterward built an edifice on 
Twenty-second Street, and presented the old bell for use in the church 
in New Rochelle, which had been founded by the Huguenots in 1697 
and received its charter from George III. The bell was used until 
1865, when it was loaned by the vestry to the New Rochelle Fire De 
partment for an alarm. It was used as a village curfew and fire alarm 
until 1880, when it was returned to the church. 

Among the other keepsakes is the communion plate, the gift of 
"Goode Anne," oldest daughter of James, Duke of York, afterward 
James II, also two small chalices presented by the Davenport family 
of Davenport Neck. The communion table given by Aman Guion in 
1710 is preserved in the vestry room, and in recent years there have 
been given a marble altar and reredos, in memory of the late John C. 
Fisher, once vestryman, one of the contractors in the construction of 
the first custom house in New York. 

In the house of Miss Davenport of Davenport Neck the small ala 
baster font used by the Huguenots in their first church is still preserved, 
in excellent condition. 

As given in the American Church Almanac for 1912, the number 
of communicants is four hundred and forty- two. In 1911 the Bishop 
and Standing Committee of the Diocese of New York consented to 
the formation of a new parish in New Rochelle. This has been organ 
ized under the name of St. Paul's Church. The Rev. Frederic Wam- 
mersey was chosen rector. The American Church Almanac for 1912 
records eighty communicants. 



[ 238 



JOHN IRELAND 

[REPORT ON ST. ANN'S CHURCH, BROOKLYN, FROM JOHN IRELAND] 

THE Episcopal congregation at Brooklyn, Long Island, 
consisted in the year 1787, of about a dozen families, 
who assembled in a private house for the purposes of public 
worship, under the Rev<? M r . Wright. In 1788 they purchased 
a building, which had previously been used as a place of wor 
ship by a congregation of dissenters: in 1 789 the said building 
was consecrated by the R* R"? D!: Provoost. In the year 1 790 
M r . Wright was succeeded by the Rev? M? Rattoone ; who in 
1 792 was followed by the Rev<? M r . Hull. Mr Hull officiated 
at Brooklyn a few months only & was succeeded in the same 
year by the Rev'? M r . Nesbitt. In 1 793 the congregation, by the 
help of a donation of =400 from Trin: Church, N York were 
enabled to erect a parsonage h? near the church, the two lots 
of ground, on which it was built, being given by Mess 1 "? Com 
fort & Joshua Sands, in 1795 the congregation was incor 
porated under their present title of Rector, Ch: wardens & 
vestrymen. In 1796 Mr Nesbitt was succeeded by the Rev<? 
Jn Ireland, the present Rector. The congregation having 
regularly increased ever since its first establishment, it was 
found in 1 800 that the Church was too small for the accom 
modation of its still growing numbers, & galleries were there 
fore erected. In the course of the present year 1 804 the con- 
gre: have rec*? from M r George Powers a donation of ^200, 
& from Joshua Sands Esq 1 : a valuable lot of ground on w 1 ? 
is now building a new, commodious, & neat church. The s<? 
church will be enclosed in the course of a few weeks, & be 
completed in May next: at w h time the congregation will pos 
sess real property of the value of about $15000, of w 1 ? sum 
they will stand indebted about $4000. The congregation con- 

C 239 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

tinues to increase in numbers, respectability & wealth, & under 
a continuation of the divine blessing will very soon be one of 
the largest in the state. The number of families comprising it 
is now between 60 & 70 ; & there is a certainty of a consid 
erable addition as soon as the new church will be in a condi 
tion to accommodate them. The number of communicants at 
present on the Re6lor's list is 77. 

List of baptisms, funerals, & marriages, from i? 1 O6fc 1802 
to if OdfriSos 
Bapt: 24 funer: 20. marri: 10: 

From if O6lo 1803 to if O61? 1804. 
Bapt: 29. funer: 20. marri: 18. 

Brooklyn i Otto : 1 804 

JN? IRELAND 



ANNOTATIONS 

George Wright. 

In addition to the notice on George Wright already given on page 
81 of Volume III, the following incident of Mr. Wright's sojourn in 
the United States may find a place here. It was long current, and 
was finally put into print by George B. Rapelye, the biographer of 
Bishop Provoost, in this form : 

"An Episcopal clergyman from Ireland had come to this country, 
and I believe, through the Bishop's influence, had obtained employ 
ment, both as a teacher, and as a preacher in St. Anne's Church, 
Brooklyn. As the Bishop was about to ordain one or more persons to 

the ministry, he invited this Mr. W to preach on the occasion. 

Dr. Beach, the Bishop's Assistant Minister, sent invitations to Dr. 
Livingston, Dr.Rodgers, and some other of the ministers of the city, 
not connected with the Episcopal Church, to be present. The Irish 
parson took it into his head to magnify his office that day by a very 
bold defence of the doctrine of Apostolical Succession, involving rather 
a stern rebuke to those whom he regarded as preaching without any 
authority. Though it is not likely that the Bishop dissented from his 
views, he felt that it was at least an apparent discourtesy to his friends 

C 



JOHN IRELAND 

who were present at the service ; and he was evidently not a little 
annoyed by it. Old Dr. Rodgers, in speaking of it afterwards, shrewdly 
remarked, 'I wonder from what authority the Bishop derived his 
baptism, ' referring to the fact that he had been baptized by Dominie 
Du Bois in the Dutch Church." [Sprague's Annals, vol. v, p. 245.] 
In 1789 Mr. Wright, whose health is said to have been delicate, re 
signed and removed to Nova Scotia. It is understood that he finally 
settled in Halifax, and from 1799 to 1818 ministered to the Ger 
mans in the city with a stipend from the Venerable Society. He died 
of paralysis in 1819. 

Samuel Provoost. 

For sketch see Volume II, page 210. 

Elisha Dunham Rattoone. 

Elisha Dunham Rattoone graduated from the College of New Jer 
sey in 1787. He was made deacon by the Rt. Rev. Dr. Provoost on 
January 10, 1790. He became rector of St. Ann's Church, Brooklyn, 
where he remained till 1792, when he was chosen professor of Latin 
and Greek in Columbia College, to which were added in 1794 Grecian 
and Roman antiquities. 

In 1797 he was chosen rector of Grace Church, Jamaica, where he 
remained for five years. In 1802 he went to Baltimore as associate 
rector of St. Paul's Church, and remained until certain differences 
caused the building of Trinity Church in 1808, of which he became 
rector. In the fall of 1809, his health being a chief reason, he re 
moved to Charleston, South Carolina, to become president of South 
Carolina College. He died of yellow fever in the summer of 1810. Ac 
cording to tradition, he was a most eloquent preacher. 

Ambrose Hull. 

Ambrose Hull was probably born in Cheshire, Connecticut. He gradu 
ated from Harvard College in 1785. After taking a course in law, he 
studied for the sacred ministry, and was recommended for holy orders 
by the Convocation of the Clergy of Connecticut, at a meeting held in 
North Haven, October 22, 1788. He was made deacon by the Rt. 
Rev. Dr. Seabury in Trinity Church, New Haven. The exact date is 
uncertain ; the record made in the Bishop's register gives the time as 

C 241 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Sunday, October 12, but also mentions the recommendation by the 
Convocation, which makes an earlier date than October 22 impossible. 
In a note the Bishop writes : ' ' The following Registry of the ordi 
nation of Mr. Foot and Dr. Nisbett ought to have preceded that of 
Mr. Hull." [A Reprint in full of the Registry of Ordinations by Bishops 
Seabury and Jarvis, 1882,/>. 7.] 

The young deacon took charge of Christ Church, Redding Ridge. 
Here he remained for three years, and was ordained priest in St. Paul's 
Church, Norwalk, by the Rt. Rev. Dr. Seabury, June 7, 1789, at 
the same time with the Rev. Abraham Lynsen Clarke and the Rev. 
Ambrose Todd. In 1791 Mr. Hull resigned, and in 1792 he became 
rector of the church at Brooklyn, but his incumbency was very brief, 
as he resigned in January, 1793. He is then said to have gone south, 
where he had inherited a large estate. His name is not found on any 
clergy list after 1792. There is no record of his deposition, and no 
intimation of any moral delinquency on his part. He simply ceased to 
officiate, as did some others at that time, without requesting displace 
ment from the priesthood. It is a matter of tradition that he practised 
law in South Carolina, Ohio, and Florida, and was made a judge. He 
died about 1821. 

Samuel Nisbett. 

Samuel Nisbett, a well-known physician of New Haven, Connecticut, 
was made deacon by the Rt. Rev. Dr. Seabury, October 19, 1788, 
in Trinity Church, New Haven. He was ordained priest during the 
meeting of the Convocation in St. John's Church, North Haven, on 
October 22, 1788. 

In January, 1793, he became rector of the church at Brooklyn, and 
on June 22, 1795, the parish was reincorporated under the name of 
St. Ann's Church. It is stated that it was renamed not for the mother 
of the Blessed Virgin Mary, but for one whose good works caused her 
to be esteemed as a saint by all who knew her, the wife of Joshua 
Sands. Both husband and wife had been very liberal in their unceas 
ing gifts to the parish. The church building at that time was painted, 
and the church was known as the Blue Church. At the election of 
officers the Rev. Samuel Nisbett was chosen as rector ; John Van Nos- 
trand and George Powers, wardens; and Joshua Sands, Paul Durrell, 

242 



JOHN IRELAND 

Joseph Fox, William Carpenter, Aquila Giles, John Cornell, Gilbert 
Van Mater, and Robert Stoddard, as vestrymen. 

Dr. Nisbett resigned in 1798. He does not appear to have taken 
charge of any parish, but to have resumed the practice of medicine. 
He died prior to 1814. 

Comfort Sands. 

The Sands family of Long Island trace their descent from James 
Sands, born at Reading, Berkshire, England, in 1622, who came to 
Plymouth, New England, in 1650, and who with others purchased 
Block Island from the Indians in 1660, where he made his home, 
and there died March 13, 1695. He filled various offices, among them 
that of deputy in the Rhode Island Assembly. He married Sarah, a 
daughter of John and Catherine (Hutchinson) Walker. They had a 
large family. His son John, born in 1649, removed to Long Island, 
where he purchased a large tract of land near Cow Neck, now Sands 
Point. He married Sybil, a daughter of Simon Ray, and died March 
15, 1712. John the second married Catharine, a daughter of Rob 
ert Guthrie. His son, John the third, married Elizabeth, a daughter of 
Caleb Cornell ; they had eight children. His fifth child and fourth son 
was Comfort, who was born at the Inland Farm, Cow Neck, Long Is 
land, February 26, 1748. When thirteen years old he became a clerk 
in the general store of Stephen Thorn at Cow Neck, and in May, 
1762, he removed to New York and was a clerk for his brother Cor 
nell Sands, with whom he remained for a year. He then entered the 
employ of Joseph Drake, whose store was on Peck Slip. While with 
Mr. Drake he was one of the committee in 1765 chosen to burn ten 
bales of stamped paper which the merchants and citizens refused to 
use. This and many like demonstrations in other colonies caused the 
repeal of the Stamp Act. In 1769 he opened a store on the corner of 
Peck Slip and Queen, now South Pearl Street. He became successful, 
and took part in public affairs. 

In 1769 he joined with other merchants in an association to resist all 
the oppressive measures proposed in the British Parliament. As the 
debates grew more violent and action more turbulent Mr. Sands was 
among those who advised the assembling of a Continental Congress. 
He was a member of the Provincial Congress of New York in 1775. 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

In 1 776 he fitted out, by direction of the Committee of Safety, of which 
he was a member, three vessels to proceed to the West Indies to pro 
cure medicines, powder, and arms. They were captured by the Brit 
ish, as was one of Mr. Sands 's own vessels, on the way to New York. 
On July 24, 1776, he was made auditor-general of the State of New 
York, and served for six years. In 1777 he met other commissioners 
at New Haven for a conference on the regulation of prices of articles 
to be purchased for the Continental Army. With his brothers Cor 
nell and Joshua he furnished clothing and other supplies to the Amer 
ican troops. In 1776 he removed his family to New Rochelle, but 
was soon driven out by the British troops, and went to Philadelphia 
in December, 1776. He returned to New York in the spring of 1777, 
and in May made a temporary home at Rochester, Ulster County, 
New York. He was a member of the legislature in 1778. In 1780 he 
purchased a farm at Nine Partners, Dutchess County, New York, 
where he lived until the close of the Revolution. Upon the declaration 
of peace he returned to New York City, and was in partnership with 
his brother Joshua, and they soon became one of the richest firms in 
the city. Mr. Sands was an original director of the Bank of New York 
from its foundation in 1784 to 1798. He had been an early member 
of the Chamber of Commerce, organized in 1768, of which he served 
as vice-president in 1793-94, and from 1794 to 1798 was president. 
Soon after the Revolution he joined with his brother Joshua in the 
purchase of the property of John Rapelje, then under act of attainder 
as a loyalist. It comprised one hundred and sixty acres in Brooklyn 
along the East River. The price paid was thirty thousand dollars. In 
1800 it was laid out by the village commissioners into blocks and 
squares. In 1805 it was assessed for two hundred thousand dollars. 
Mr. Sands practically retired from business before 1810, and spent 
the closing years of his life in Hoboken, where he died September 22, 
1834. Comfort Sands married June 3, 1769, Sarah, a daughter of 
Wilkie Dodge of Hunter's Point, New York. They had thirteen chil 
dren. His daughter Cornelia married Nathaniel Prime of the banking- 
house of Prime, King and Company. His son Joseph was also a mem 
ber of that firm. After the death of his first wife, January 24, 1793, Mr. 
Sands married December 5, 1797, Cornelia, a daughter of Abraham 
Lott, formerly treasurer of the Colony of New York. They had three 
children. A son, Robert Cornell, studied law, in which he attained 

C 244 ] 






JOHN IRELAND 

eminence, and also gave great promise as an author both in prose and 
poetry. He died in 1832 at the age of thirty-three. 

Joshua Sands. 

Joshua, the youngest child of John and Elizabeth (Cornell) Sands, 
was born at Cow Neck, Long Island, October 12, 1757. When fifteen 
he entered a merchant's office in New York City, and in 1776 he be 
came assistant commissary general of the Continental Army under 
Colonel Jonathan Trumbull. He was of essential service in the retreat 
of the American army from Long Island after the disastrous battle 
of August 27, 1776. His duties in the commissary department and 
as contractor for army supplies, with his brothers Comfort and Rich 
ardson, kept him constantly occupied during the Revolution. At its 
close he entered into partnership with his brother Comfort. After the 
purchase of the Brooklyn property Mr. Sands commenced the manu 
facture of rope and cordage, principally to have reliable materials for 
the rigging and cables of his own vessels. The business grew, and 
for its accommodation he erected large buildings and wharves in 
Brooklyn. In 1797 he was made collector of the port of New York, and 
remained in office until 1801. In 1802 he was a member of Congress 
from Brooklyn. He was the president of the board of trustees of the 
village from 1824. He was also a member of the state Senate and presi 
dent of the Merchants' Bank. Joshua Sands was a firm supporter and 
benefactor of St. Ann's Church, of which he was a vestryman and 
warden for many years. He married March 9, 1780, Ann, a daughter 
of Dr. Richard Ayscough, a surgeon in the British army. They had 
twelve children. Of Mrs. Sands it is said that she was a saintly wo 
man, visiting the sick and suffering, and carrying with her cheer and 
comfort. She died July 7, 1851, in her ninety-first year. 

John Ireland. 

For sketch of John Ireland, see Volume III, page 74. 

George Powers. 

Mr. Powers was in Brooklyn as early as 1774. It was then a small 
cluster of houses near the ferry. He was a butcher by trade, and had 
a stall in the old Fly Market in New York City. In 1775 he joined the 
Brooklyn troop of horse under the command of Captain Adolph Wal- 

C 245 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE, 

dron, which served during the American occupation, and covered the 
retreat of the Continental troops in August, 1776. Its members were 
afterward employed as videttes along the southern coast of the county, 
until they were driven from Long Island and their horses seized by the 
British. George Powers went to Poughkeepsie, and remained there 
and in its neighbourhood until 1782, when with his comrades he re 
ceived half-pay from the Convention. He then returned to Brooklyn 
and resumed his business, which was very profitable, and made judi 
cious purchases of real estate both in the settled and more remote por 
tions of the city, which made him wealthy. He appears to have retired 
from active business before 1800. He was a member and the first 
warden of St. Ann's Church, and liberal in his benefactions. 

St. Ann's Church, Brooklyn. 

See sketch of this parish, Volume III, page 79. 



C 246 



ST. JOHN'S CHURCH, JOHNSTOWN 

THE earliest services of the Church of England in the Mohawk 
Valley were held by the Rev. Thoroughgood Moore in 1704. 
After the appointment of the Rev. Thomas Barclay as minister of 
Albany in 1708, services were held regularly. In 1712 a chapel and 
fort were completed near the junction of the Mohawk River and Scho- 
harie Creek. The fort was named Fort Hunter after the governor, 
Brigadier Robert Hunter. In 1712 the Rev. William Andrews was 
appointed as missionary to the Mohawks. After his departure in 1719 
the Mohawk mission came under the charge of the rectors of St. 
Peter's Church, Albany, until 1770, when the Rev. John Stuart was 
appointed missionary. The ministrations of John Milne, Henry Bar 
clay, John Ogilvie, and Harry Munro were of the utmost value in that 
region. When Sir William Johnson determined to remove from Fort 
Johnson on the Mohawk to the town named after his son John, and 
had built the spacious mansion known as Johnson Hall, he also made 
provision for a church. As early as 1760 the baronet was seeking for 
a clergyman, and offered a glebe to aid in his support. The Venerable 
Society was then unable to increase its missionaries, and no measures 
were taken to erect the church. From 1764 to 1767 Sir William was 
requesting Dr. Auchmuty of Trinity Church, New York City, to lay 
his proposals before any suitable clergyman. In 1766 the Rev. Samuel 
Seabury visited Johnstown, but found the salary offered and produce 
of the glebe would not support his family. It is probable that the church 
was built in the following year. It was a small stone building, and 
stood in the southwest corner of the old burying-ground, near the cor 
ner of the present William and Green Streets. The site is marked by 
a memorial cross, erected in October, 1897, the sixtieth anniversary of 
the consecration of the present church building. In 1771 the church 
was removed to its present site, and rebuilt in a more substantial 
manner. The Rev. Richard Moseley, who had been rector of Trinity 
Church, Pomfret, in that part of the town now Brooklyn, in the colony 
of Connecticut, was the first incumbent. He commenced his duties in 
1772, and continued them until 1774, when he sought a more south 
ern climate. He had ability, and was esteemed by Sir William and 
his parishioners. The Rev. John Stuart officiated in connection with 
his duties at Fort Hamilton until he was driven away by the Revolu- 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

tion. The church was then closed. Sir John Johnson, who had suc 
ceeded to the title on his father's death in 1774, with other members 
of the Johnson family and all the Churchmen who were loyalists, went 
to Canada. The Mohawks followed them and made a new home on 
British soil. The glebe and church were seized by the Presbyterians. 
Only Presbyterian and Lutheran services were held in the dilapidated 
building from 1776 to 1790. When the Rev. Thomas Ellison of St. 
Peter's, Albany, made his visit in 1789, he found very few Church 
men, and a strong disinclination to restore the property. His measures 
were vigorous, tactful, and included an appeal to the legislature of the 
state. The church was renovated, and the Rev. John Urquhart was 
elected as rector in 1798. He remained for eight years. During a por 
tion of the time he was also principal of the academy. His successors to 
1899 have been Jonathan Judd, Eli Wheeler, Alexander Proal, Parker 
Adams, Amos C. Tread way, Ulysses K. Wheeler, Joseph Ransom, 
Salmon Wheaton, Charles Jones, Charles Sleight, Lewis P. Clover, 
W. H. Williams, Charles H. Kellogg, James B. Murray, James W. 
Stewart, Charles C. Edmunds, J. Brewster Hubbs, John N. Marvin, 
and Calbraith B. Perry. 

The church was burned to the ground in 1836. A subscription was 
immediately commenced, and the corner-stone of a new church was 
laid April 15, 1837, by the Rt. Rev. Dr. Onderdonk, Bishop of New 
York. The church was consecrated by the same prelate October 15 
of the same year. Improvements and additions have been made to 
the church edifice at various times, but without altering its essential 
character. The rector in January, 1912, was the Rev. Wolcott Web 
ster Ellsworth, who is now in the twelfth year of his rectorship. As 
recorded in the American Church Almanac for 1912, the number of 
communicants is two hundred and forty -one. 



[FROM THE VESTRY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH, JOHNSTOWN] 

Johnstown, iVOdV. 1804 

GENT? 

YOUR Notice by a letter to us of the Annual meeting of 
the convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 

248 



ST. JOHN'S CHURCH 

State of New York convened at the City of New York on the 
first Tuesday in O6l r Ins* came to hand the 29!^ ultimo, We 
regret in acquainting you the Interval for appointing a Deli- 
gate to your Convention is so short, as renders it impossible 
for us to procure one in time. 

We are Gentl m 

with respecl: 

Your Hbl Serv< 
W 1 ? EGAN 
NICH* PHILPOT 

Superscription: J OSEPH NEWTON 

REV". J. H. HOBART, New York. JOHN SLATTERY. 



ANNOTATIONS 

William Egan. 

William Egan was chosen as a vestryman and trustee at the incor 
poration of St. John's Church, September 24, 1796. He appears to 
have served continuously to 1804. At the reincorporation of the parish, 
April 16, 1806, he was elected a warden. He removed from the village 
in 1825. 

Nicholas Philpot. 

Nicholas Philpot served as vestryman of St. John's Church from 1804 
to 1807. He was a warden from 1808 to 1817. He died in May, 1827, 
and was buried on the 9th of that month. 

Joseph Newton. 

Joseph Newton served as vestryman of St. John's from 1804 to 1806, 

when he was chosen senior warden and served until 1811. 

V 
John Slattery. 

John Slattery was elected a vestryman and trustee of St. John's at its 
incorporation, September 24, 1796. He served until 1804. 

C 249 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 



[ FROM ABRAHAM LYNSEN CLARKE ] 

Report of the State of S*. James Chh New town & S l . George's 
Chh Flushing 

From the first of May 1803 to the first of O6l r . 1804. 



Churches 


No. 
Souls. 


No. 
Families. 


No. 
Converts 


No. 
Comn'ts. 


No. new 
Ditto. 


NEWTOWN St. James 


unknown 


28 


unknown 


2 3 


3 


FLUSHING St George 


Dt 


unknown 


Dt 


20 





No. 
Baptisms. 


No. 
Confirmed. 


No. 
Deaths. 


No. 
Removls. 
into 


No. 
Diseases 


No. 
Marriages 


Adult 
Baptisms 


20 


None 


7 


out 2 


unknown 


7- 


3 


'7 


None 


I 


unknown 


Dt 


3 


3 



As the Inhabitants of Flushing are under an undue influence 
from the Friends in that Town have attended but one Fu 
neral there & from the deficiency of means in our Parishes, 
have not been able to comply with the resolution of the last 
Annual Convention. 

ABRA M . L. CLARKE. 

Endorsed in Bishop Hobarfs writing: 
S l . Jas. Newtown 
St. George's, Flushing. 



250 



ABRAHAM LYNSEN CLARKE 

ANNOTATIONS 

Abraham Lynsen Clarke. 

A notice of the Rev. Mr. Clarke will be found in Volume III, page 199. 

St. James's Church, Newtown. 

Newtown is distant about seven miles from Manhattan, and separated 
from it by the East River. It is part of the borough of Queens, city 
of New York. This town was at first called Middleburgh, but soon 
received its present name. It was settled in 1651 by a company of 
English immigrants, to whom many privileges were given by the 
rulers of New Amsterdam. In 1670 a church was built by the Inde 
pendents or Congregationalists, and served by the Rev. William Lev- 
erich, a man of great learning, who had been teacher of that town in 
1653. He died in 1692. The earliest services of the Church of Eng 
land were held in 1732 by the Rev. Thomas Colgan. A church was 
built in 1734. In 1761 this petition for a charter was presented to the 
governor and graciously granted : 

Petitioners for a charter of the church at Newtown, September 2, 1761. 

RICHARD ALSOP JOSEPH HALLET NATHANIEL MOORE, JR. 

RICHARD ALSOP, 4ra JAMES HALLET ROBERT MORRELL 

JACOB BLACKWELL THOMAS HALLET THOS. MORRELL, JR. 

SAMUEL CULVER JAMES HAZARD JOHN McDoNNAUGH 

JOHN GREENOAK WM. HAZARD CHAS. PALMER 

JACOB HALLET SAM. MOORE SAM. RENNE 

WM. HALLET SAM. MOORE, JR. THOMAS SACKETT 

WM. HALLET, JR. SAM. MOORE, 3o WM. SACKETT 

ROBERT HALLET JOHN MOORE WM. SACKETT, 3o 

SAM. HALLET JOHN MOORE, JR. SAM. WASHBURNE 

SAM. HALLET, JR. NATHANIEL MOORE WM. WAYMAN 

With Jamaica and Flushing it formed one parish until 1796. The 
general history of the parish to the time of separation into three dis 
tinct organizations is given in the notice of St. George's, Flushing. In 
1811 the Rev. William Edward Wyatt was called as rector. He after 
ward was the distinguished incumbent of St. Paul's Church, Balti- 

3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

more, and during several of its sessions president of the House of Dep 
uties of the General Convention. The Rev. Evan Malbone Johnson suc 
ceeded Mr. Wyatt in 1814. His strong and original mind, his very 
great benevolence, and his capacity for hard work made him most suc 
cessful in winning the regard of his people. Among his successors was 
the Rev. George A. Shelton, the model of a country parson, under 
whose administration a new church was built in 1848, from designs 
by Mr. Lefevre. In 1868 the Rev. Samuel Cox was elected rector. 
He added to his parochial work that of Archdeacon of Queens, and 
in 1889 he became the first dean of the cathedral at Garden City. 
Dr. Cox died July 21, 1903, at the age of seventy-seven years. The 
rector in January, 1912, was the Rev. Edward Mansfield McGuffey. 
The American Church Almanac for 1912 gives the number of com 
municants as three hundred. 

St. George's Church, Flushing. 

This town is situated on Long Island at the head of Flushing Bay, 
five miles from Long Island Sound. It now forms a part of the borough 
of Queens in the city of New York. It was first settled in 1646 by a 
company of Englishmen who had been living in Flushing in the Nether 
lands, to whom the government of New Amsterdam held out great in 
ducements if they would settle within their territory. About 1686 they 
were joined by some French Huguenots, who sought refuge here after 
the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. These new-comers were experts 
in fruit-growing, and planted many apple and other fruit trees, nota 
bly the lady apple and the bell pear, and Flushing was long famed for 
the excellence of its fruit. The nurseries established in 1750 by William 
Prince long held preeminence for the quality of their stock, and from 
them Dr. Hobart was a frequent purchaser for the grounds at Short 
Hills. There was a large Quaker element, which gave a special char 
acter to this place. In the Brown mansion house, built in 1661, George 
Fox often lodged and preached. The earliest services of the Church 
were those held by the travelling missionaries of the Venerable Propa 
gation Society, the Rev. George Keith and the Rev. John Talbot, in 
1702. Mr. Keith in his Journal, under date of September 24, says: 
* ' I went to the Quakers Meeting at Flushing on Long-Island, ac 
companied with Mr. Talbot and the Reverend Mr. Vesey, the Church 
of England Minister at Neru- York, and diverse other Persons belong- 

[ 252 ]] 



ABRAHAM LYNSEN CLARKE 

ing to Jamaica (a Town on Long Island,} well affected to the Church of 
England. After some time of silence, I began to speak, standing up in 
the Gallery, where their Speakers use to stand when they speak ; but 
I was so much interrupted by the Clamour and Noise, that several 
of the Quakers made, forbidding me to speak, that I could not pro 
ceed. After this, one of their Speakers began to Speak, and continued 
Speaking about an Hour, the whole was a ramble of nonsense and per 
version of Scripture, with gross reflections both on the Church, and the 
Government there. Several times speaking of Christ, he said, -while 
Christ was in that Prepared Body, which is a common Phrase among 
them ; whereby they plainly intimate, they do not believe he is now 
in that Body, or that he has any thing of that Body, which he had on 
Earth. Nor do they own that Christ has any Body but his Church, 
or such a Body as he had from all Eternity, and is every where; all 
which hath been sufficiently proved out of the Printed Books of their 
most noted Authors. He said, they (viz. the Quakers) believed in that 
very Christ that died at Jerusalem; and a little after he said, that, that 
Christ, was the Seed that was oppressed by Sin in Men. He Preached 
against all Creeds, and accused all their Adversaries that they kicked 
against the Spirit." [Collections of the Protestant Episcopal Historical 
Society, vol. i, p. 27.] 

Mr. Keith then proceeded to comment on the Quaker doctrine, de 
scribed the interruptions he had, and the questions he was asked. It 
was in the same year that the Rev. Patrick Gordon, who had been 
a chaplain in the navy, was appointed rector of Queen's County by 
the Bishop of London, and granted a stipend of fifty pounds a year 
by the Venerable Propagation Society. His home was to be at Jamaica, 
but it was intended that he should hold services in the other towns 
of the county. To the grief of all who knew him, he was taken with 
a fever soon after arriving at Jamaica, and was buried beneath the 
chancel of the old stone church on July 28, 1702, without having held 
a service. There appears to have been no service held at Flushing by 
the Rev. John Bartow, who alternately officiated at Jamaica and West- 
chester from October, 1702, to the fall of 1703, and then confined 
himself to Westchester, or by the Rev. James Honyman, who was 
the minister at Jamaica from April to July, 1704. Mr. Honyman men 
tioned in letters intended visits to Flushing and Newtown, but there 
is no record that he ever made them. When the Rev. William Ur- 

C 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

quhart, who was supported by the clergy of Yorkshire, became rector 
in July, 1704, he gave a service at Flushing once a month, usually 
upon a week day, but owing to the strong Quaker influence he made 
little headway. Mr. Urquhart died early in September, 1709, and was 
succeeded by the Rev. Thomas Poyer, who was inducted into the par 
ish of Jamaica July 18, 1710, by the Rev. John Sharpe, chaplain to 
the forces in the Fort of New York. Mr. Poyer gave a monthly ser 
vice at Flushing besides lectures on week days. The place of meeting 
was in the old Block-house at the Pond. The trials Mr. Poyer had 
with the Presbyterian minister and people for possession of the church 
and glebe at Jamaica taxed his strength and endurance, and he was 
made old before his time. Consequently in June, 1731, he requested 
permission to return home. The Society granted his request, and ap 
pointed the Rev. Thomas Colgan, assistant minister of Trinity Church 
and catechist of New York, to succeed him. Mr. Poyer died Janu 
ary 15, 1732. Under Mr. Colgan's active rectorship an advance was 
made, and in 1746 Captain Hugh Wentworth and Mary, his wife, 
gave a plot of ground for a church and a large subscription in money. 
In reporting this to the Venerable Society, Mr. Colgan described Flush 
ing as " a place generally inhabited by Quakers and some of no religion 
at all." He requested for the new church a Bible and Prayer Book. 
The church was opened in the autumn of 1748. Mr. Colgan, in a 
letter of March 28, 1749, mentions that one Quaker who attended the 
service gave some money, and afterward, thinking it was not enough, 
added a generous sum, which he gave to the collector. After Mr. Col 
gan's death in December, 175 5, there was a long vacancy. The Inde 
pendents took advantage of this to have a Dissenting minister pre 
sented and inducted. Finally, the Rev. Samuel Seabury, then at New 
Brunswick, New Jersey, was appointed, and inducted early in 1757. In 
the recent "Memoir " by his great-grandson, the Rev. William Jones 
Seabury, page 51, his entrance upon the position is thus noticed: 

' The Rector of Grace Church would appear to have entered upon 
his pastoral work in Jamaica under circumstances very favourable to 
his successful prosecution of it, and very conducive to his own per 
sonal happiness. Being twenty-eight years of age and of a good con 
stitution, he rejoiced in youth, strength and health. He possessed a 
devout and earnest spirit, and an excellent mental capacity and equip 
ment for the duties of his calling. He had overcome many and serious 

C 



ABRAHAM LYNSEN CLARKE 

obstacles in the attainment of a position which, by comparison with 
other positions of the same kind at that period, appears to have had 
a recognized eminence. He had a home of his own, situated upon a 
good farm, of a sufficient but not burdensome extent, and within easy 
reach of his Church. He had the incomparable satisfaction of having 
a congenial wife, who graciously presided over the conduct and hos 
pitalities of his home. He lived within a short distance from his father 
and other relatives and friends at Hempstead, and within about equal 
distance from almost equally agreeable associations in New York. He 
had also reasonable expectations of the moral support of the people 
over whom he was appointed, and of such cordial appreciation of him 
on their part as would tend to make his labours among them agree 
able and edifying. 

"For all these elements of happiness he was no doubt duly grateful. 
There was, however, another side to the picture; and the contempla 
tion of it may well have afforded some grounds of apprehension to his 
prudent foresight ; as in the retrospect it appears to us to have been 
overcast with the shadows of trouble to come. He found in fact as 
time went on that his worldly prosperity was more apparent than real ; 
and that in his spiritual work in the parish he was sore let and hindered 
by the apathy and indifference of some, and the jealousies and dis 
contents of others. On the whole it would seem that, with all its com 
pensations, which were many and blessed, his incumbency at Jamaica 
was not upon a bed of roses. Yet adversities are not always wholly 
adverse; and trials and troubles have, when rightly used, their re 
sultant benefit in the development of strength and prudence, and a 
serenity of mind not inconsistent with an industrious energy. The 
whole life at Jamaica may be well regarded as a severe training man 
fully endured, and profitably completed." 

Early in his incumbency he noted the growth of infidelity, particu 
larly at Flushing, and the neglect of the Holy Communion. In 1769 
he mentioned the liberality of John Aspinwall, a merchant of New 
York City, who had built a country house at Flushing, and who had, 
largely from his own means, completed the church, which before was 
only enclosed, built a steeple, and given a sweet-toned bell of five hun 
dred pounds. He was also instrumental in establishing a Latin school 
in the village under the care of Agur Tread well, a candidate for holy 
orders, who read service on the Sundays when Mr. Seabury did not 

C 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

officiate. The growing desire to have a clergyman of their own and the 
support given to the work of the Church in Flushing by Mr. Aspin 
wall and others from New York City led to an application for a charter, 
which was granted. 

Upon the organization of the parish by the election of a vestry on 
June 17, 1761, John Aspinwall and Thomas Grennell were chosen 
wardens, and John Dyer, Christopher Robert, John Morell, Joseph 
Haviland, Francis Brown, and Jeremiah Mitchell were chosen as 
vestrymen. The people of Flushing united in a petition to the Vener 
able Society for the separation of the parish, leaving Jamaica only to 
Mr. Seabury, and the appointment of Mr. Treadwell as their minister. 
This met with strong opposition from Mr. Seabury, and a coolness be 
tween the benefactor of Flushing and the rector. A letter from George 
Harison, a well-known lawyer of New York, living at Flushing, to 
the Venerable Society, written on January 2, 1762, says: " The two 
towns cannot maintain a Clergyman without assistance, and more 
especially as they must pay to the support of Mr. Seabury who can 
ill spare it as he has a large family. "The Society, taking into con 
sideration all the circumstances, declined to erect a new mission, and 
Mr. Treadwell, on his ordination in the fall of 1762, was appointed 
to the mission at Trenton, New Jersey. Ebenezer Kneeland, who had 
been appointed catechist at Flushing, was voted ten pounds by the 
Society on February 11, 1763. On his return from England, Mr. 
Treadwell officiated at Flushing, which led to a formal complaint to the 
Society from Mr. Seabury, who said : "Mr. Treadwell (who had now 
been licensed by the Bishop of London as missionary at Trenton) has 
intruded into my parish, having passed near my dwelling without call 
ing on me; has baptised a child, and preached once or more at Flushing, 
though I had the key of the church. All this was done with the direc 
tion of Mr. Aspinwall, who wants Newtown and Flushing set off from 
Jamaica and to be under the care of Mr. Treadwell ; but the expenses 
of a growing family will not permit me to relinquish any part of my 
salary." In September, 1764, a satisfactory change in the method of 
serving the three churches in the parish was made. In 1766 Mr. Sea- 
bury accepted the rectorship of Westchester. A long vacancy ensued, 
which is thus explained in a letter to the Society by the Rev. Dr. 
Charles Inglis, assistant minister of Trinity Church, New York, writ 
ten on November 27, 1768 : 

256 






ABRAHAM LYNSEN CLARKE 

' This mission has been vacant for some time past and has thereby 
considerably suffered, as the dissenters are generally active on such 
occasions to draw away the members of the church. Some differences 
which have subsisted between the congregations prevented their ap 
plication to the Society for a missionary since Mr. Seabury's removal. 
These differences, which were trifling in themselves and fomented 
chiefly by a few warm, imprudent men, I found no great difficulty 
in composing. Among the other clergy of this city I was invited to 
preach at Jamaica lately. The members of the three congregations 
attended, when I laid before them the ill effects and bad consequences 
of their divisions, and exhorted them to unite. This had so good an 
effect that they fixed on a day, the eighth instant, to meet in order to 
fall on the proper measures to procure a missionary. On being asked, 
I attended the meeting and preached to them again ; and, afterwards, 
they made several Resolves, of which Mr. Bloomer will show you a 
copy." \Henry Onderdonk, Jr., Antiquities of the Parish. Church, Ja 
maica, p. 66.] 

The Rev. Joshua Bloomer was chosen for the mission, and was or 
dained February 28, 1769, by the Rt. Rev. Dr. Terrick, Bishop of 
London. He arrived at New York in May, and soon after was settled 
at Jamaica. The times were full of turmoil, for he commenced his 
work in that period of suppressed excitement between the repeal of 
the Stamp Act and the actual breaking out of the Revolution in 1775. 
As Long Island remained essentially loyal to the Crown, although in 
Jamaica and other towns there were Committees of Correspondence 
and Sons of Liberty, he was only slightly disturbed in his work. At 
Newtown, early in 1776, he experienced the hostility of the patriots, 
who threatened violence should he read the prayers for the King and 
Royal Family. Consequently, with consent of the wardens and vestry, 
the church was closed for several weeks, but was reopened in 1777. 
Mr. Bloomer was a man who, adapting himself to circumstances, 
carried his parish safely through the peril of the Revolution without 
serious loss either of resources or communicants. He died at Jamaica, 
June 23, 1790, and was buried within the chancel of Grace Church. 
The Rev. William Hammell, a native of Hackensack, New Jersey, 
who had been made deacon January 27, 1790, by the Rt.Rev. Dr. Pro- 
voost and ordained priest on October 19, 1790, was called as rector. 
He worked with faithful diligence, but within five years his eyesight 

[ 257 H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

became impaired so that he could hardly read the service, and he was 
afflicted with paralysis. On August 17, 1795, Mr. Hammell resigned; 
his salary was to be paid to November 1 , and a donation of one hun 
dred dollars promised to him. The three vestries united in asking 
a pension for him from Trinity Church, New York, and one hundred 
pounds a year was granted. Mr. Hammell died in 1840. At a meeting 
held on October 22, 1795, the three parishes elected the Rev. Thomas 
Lambert Moore of Hempstead, who declined. Upon his suggestion, 
the Rev. Charles Seabury, a son of their former rector, then Bishop 
of Connecticut, was chosen January 15, 1796, but was obliged to 
return home to New London on the death of his father. On May 12, 
1797, the Rev. Elisha Dunham Rattoone was called by the vestries 
of Grace Church, Jamaica, and St. George's, Flushing. He resigned 
in 1802. In 1803 Flushing united with St. James's Church, New- 
town, in calling the Rev. Abraham Lynsen Clarke. He died Decem 
ber 31, 1810, at the parsonage of St. James's, Newtown. In 1809 the 
vestry of St. George's elected the Rev. Barzillai Bulkley as rector, Mr. 
Clarke continuing the services at Newtown. Mr. Bulkley died March 
29, 1820. He was succeeded by the Rev. John Van Epps Thome, who 
was instrumental in the erection of a new church. In 1826 the Rev. 
William A. Muhlenberg became rector, and opened the Flushing In 
stitute, which grew to be one of the famous schools in the country; 
he afterward founded the Church of the Holy Communion, New York 
City. In 1829 the Rev. William Henry Lewis commenced here a long 
and fruitful ministry, during which he held the rectorship of the 
Church of the Holy Trinity, Brooklyn, and Christ Church, Water- 
town, Connecticut. Among his successors have been the Rev. Dr. 
John Murray Forbes, the Rev. Dr. Samuel Roosevelt Johnson, the 
Rev. Dr. Robert B. Van Kleeck, the Rev. Dr. Frederick J. Goodwin, 
and the Rev. George Burcker. In 1847 the Rev. John Carpenter Smith 
became rector. Here he spent more than fifty years, in which he saw 
Flushing grow to be a large and important part of the great metro 
polis. In 1854 a new Gothic church was built from designs of Messrs. 
Wills and Dudley, at a cost of thirty-two thousand two hundred and 
twenty-two dollars and eighty cents. It was consecrated by the Rt. Rev. 
Dr. Wain wright, Provisional Bishop of New York, June 11, 1854. 
A new chancel was added forty years later, in 1894, at a cost of twenty- 
nine thousand one hundred and fifty-two dollars and eighty-two cents. 

[ 258 3 



ABRAHAM LYNSEN CLARKE 

In 1897 Dr. Smith was made rector emeritus, and ended his useful 
life January 5, 1901, at the age of eighty-four. The rector in Janu 
ary, 1912, was the Rev. Henry D. Waller. In the American Church 
Almanac for 1912 there are recorded seven hundred and eighty com 
municants. 



259 



JOSEPH PILMORE 

JOSEPH PILMORE was born at Tadmouth, Yorkshire, England, 
in 1734. Brought up a member of the Church of England, he 
was attracted by the preaching of John Wesley in the vicinity of his 
village. Acquaintance with the great preacher ripened into friend 
ship, and Mr. Pilmore was given a position in the school founded 
by Mr. Wesley at Kingswood. Here he acquired an excellent know 
ledge of Latin, Greek, and Hebrew, as well as English literature. With 
other young men who completed the Kingswood course Mr. Pilmore 
was appointed an itinerant lay preacher by Mr. Wesley "helpers 
in the work of calling sinners to repentance, " as he styled them. Mr. 
Pilmore journeyed through England, and his preaching attracted large 
numbers, not only among the labourers and miners, but among the 
gentry and nobility. So constant and uniform were the good effects of 
his work that he told friends, in speaking of his earlier years, that he 
trembled lest he had not the true spirit of the gospel, because his 
pathway was so smooth and difficulties did not arise. Often he said 
he watered the pommel of his saddle with tears, lest he himself might 
be a castaway. In the conference of the preachers with Mr. Wesley at 
Leeds in 1769, the need of the American colonies was fully discussed. 
According to the reports received, they were overrun with indiffer 
ence or contempt for "pure religion and undefiled," the standard of 
morals was low, and renovation of heart and life was essential to the 
great multitude of people. When the leader had finished his address he 
looked around and said : ' ' Who will go over to America and plant 
the vine of the Gospel there?" Immediately several exclaimed,"! will 
go," and Mr. Pilmore was one of those volunteers. When he reached 
this country he found the Methodists a feeble folk, despised for their 
extravagancies and ranting, but these adverse opinions did not dis 
courage him. He travelled throughout the length and breadth of the 
Atlantic coast. The same heed was paid to his message here as in 
England; although he found many obstacles, abuse, and sometimes 
rough treatment, he went calmly on his appointed way. In a sketch 
of Mr. Pilmore, his friend and parishioner, the Rev. Richard D. Hall, 
gives this instance : 

"Many were the hair-breadth escapes of life and limb, by field and 
flood, which he had in his various journeys ; and not unfrequently was 

26 



JOSEPH PILMORE 

his life in jeopardy from the malignity and violence of his persecu 
tors. One instance of exposure to serious bodily injury, but which he 
assured me redounded to the glory of God and much spiritual good, 
occurred in the city of Charleston, S. C. He could obtain no place to 
preach in but the theatre ! And whilst he was earnestly engaged in his 
sermon, suddenly the table on which his Bible and Hymn Book lay, 
the chair he occupied, together with the Preacher himself, all disap 
peared from the stage, being let down through a trap door into the 
cellar ! This was a contrivance of some of the ' baser sort ' to turn the 
laugh upon the preacher, and, if possible, to neutralize his efforts to 
do good. Nothing daunted, however, he sprung upon the stage again, 
by the aid of the table, and, taking in his hands both the table and 
the chair, invited his audience to accompany him to an adjoining yard, 
adding pleasantly: 'Come on, my friends, we will, by the grace of 
God, defeat the Devil this time, and not be beat by him from our 
work ; ' and there in peace, he finished his discourse. The fruits of his 
labour, as he assured me, years after this occurrence, appeared in the 
conversion of many souls, the evidence of which was, from time to 
time, furnished to him. Vast crowds attended his ministry, wherever 
he appeared to deliver his Master's message. After his settlement in 
the Episcopal Church, individuals frequently made themselves known 
to him, as the fruit of his evangelical labours, from different parts of 
the country." [Sprague's Annals, vol. v, p. 267.] 

His work was almost entirely suspended during the Revolution . When 
peace was declared Mr. Pilmore determined to remain in America. 
He perceived that the religious conditions had changed, and that the 
opportunity for the colonial Church to become in reality the Ameri 
can Church was very favourable. The Methodists were still members 
of the mother Church, in name at least, and Mr. Pilmore had no 
sympathy with those who derided her doctrines or worship, but de 
sired to infuse into her services more animation and fervour. These 
views were not shared by his fellow-preachers, and especially Francis 
Asbury, who favoured a separate organization. When Mr. Pilmore 
learned that Connecticut had chosen a Bishop and that Dr. Seabury 
would be consecrated, he waited upon the Bishop and explained his 
views and desires, and then requested ordination. Bishop Seabury 
received him with great cordiality and said : * ' Mr. Pilmore, I have 
heard a good account of you, and I will ordain you with pleasure." 

C 261 1 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

The Bishop made this entry in his "Registry of Ordinations: " 
"At a special Ordination held in St. Paul's Church in Walling- 
ford on the 27th day of November, 1785. 

"JOSEPH PILMORE, recommended by The Rev'd Mr. Charles Wesley 
of London, the Rev'd Mr. William Stringer of Barnet in England, 
the Rev'd Mr. John Bowden of Norwalk, Connect., & Joseph Gallo 
way, Esqr., late of Pennsylvania, was admitted Deacon. And 

" At a special Ordination held in the same Church on the 29th day 
of November, 1785, the above named 

"JOSEPH PILMORE was ordered Priest." [Reprint, 1882, p. 4.] 
Mr. Pilmore took charge of Trinity Church, Oxford, All Saints' , Pe- 
questan, known as Lower Dublin, and St. Thomas's, Whitemarsh. 
These parishes had previously been served by the Rev. Dr. William 
Smith, the provost of the College of Philadelphia. They were near 
the city where Mr. Pilmore had passed several years of his life. He 
kept house in the upper part of Second Street, near Poole's Bridge, 
Philadelphia, exercised a bountiful hospitality, and became very popu 
lar. It is said that he officiated at more than one hundred marriages 
a year. During the yellow fever epidemic in 1793 he often risked his 
own life in ministering to his people. From 1789 to 1794 he assisted 
the Rev. Dr. Magaw of St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia, every Sun 
day evening and at other times. When a .new assistant for Trinity 
Parish was to be chosen, Mr. Pilmore's friends circulated a petition 
to have him called by the vestry. The petition was presented October 
10, 1791, signed by William Post and one hundred and seventy-two 
other members of the parish, but negotiations were then pending with 
the Rev. John Bisset, an eloquent preacher and accomplished scholar 
from Scotland. It has been conjectured that the final decision between 
these two remarkable preachers was influenced by the attitude of 
Bishop Provoost and the vestry of Trinity Church toward Bishop Sea- 
bury. At last, after very sharp debates, the friends of each holding 
steadfastly to their candidate, Mr. Bisset was appointed October 1, 
1792. The friends of Mr. Pilmore thereupon determined to build a 
church edifice for themselves, and to organize a new parish. It was in 
corporated April 3, 1793. The site chosen for the church was on the 
north side of Ann Street, between Nassau and William. The first war 
dens were William Newton and Jeremiah Wood, and Mr. Pilmore was 
called as rector. In the early years of his incumbency the church 

' 262 



JOSEPH PILMORE 

was crowded to the doors. The new parish was refused admission into 
the Convention, and its congregation regarded as schismatic for sepa 
rating from the mother parish without its consent. At length a way out 
of the difficulty was found in 1802, when documents were signed by 
the warden and vestry relinquishing any claim upon the property 
of Trinity Church. It then received a partial endowment in lots and 
the loan of communion plate. In 1804, when Dr. Magaw was entirely 
incapacitated, Mr. Pilmore returned to Philadelphia as rector of St. 
Paul's Church. Of these days Mr. Hall says: 

"During Dr. Pilmore's ministry in St. Paul's, he made a visit to 
Charleston, and there met with some old inhabitants who remem 
bered his successful visit there prior to the Revolution ; and he found 
the fruits of it still manifest. He also made excursions, at different 
times, to the churches in the vicinity of Philadelphia, where his la 
bours were greatly blest. His annual visit to the Lazaretto, on Easter 
Tuesday, where he preached in a large upper room in the Custom 
House building, was a season of much blessing to the neighbourhood. 
His Monthly Communion seasons, and the holy-days at St. Paul's, 
were times of great refreshing from the presence of the Lord, and 
the manifestation of God's pardoning love to many souls ; and he was 
especially animated and impressive on all the solemn and joyful fes 
tivals of the Church. Whit-Sunday, * Holy Ghost day, ' as he called 
it, was especially signalized as a day for ingathering souls to Christ. 
Pious hearts were filled with the 'joy of the Spirit; ' penitents were 
comforted ; sinners awakened and converted ; and great good, as in 
primitive days, was done in the name of the ascended Saviour. Such 
a large body of communicants, (above seven hundred,) and so knit 
together in the fellowship, and filled with the fruits, of the Spirit, it 
has never been my privilege to witness, or to know any where. His 
social meetings for prayer, in various parts of the city, were eminently 
useful, and blest to many, not only in the Episcopal Church, but out 
of it. 

"I may add, as yet another fruit of Dr. Pilmore's labours, that 
several young men of the parish were called, by Divine grace, to the 
sacred ministry." [Spraguc's Annals, vol. v, p. 269.] 

In 1821 Dr. Pilmore's bodily and mental power began to fail, and the 
Rev. Benjamin Allen was appointed his assistant, relieving him of 
nearly all his duties. Dr. Pilmore died July 24, 1823, in the ninety- 

C 263 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

first year of his age. In 1817 Joseph Pilmore received the degree 
of doctor in divinity from the University of Pennsylvania. He was 
married in 1790 to Mrs. Wood of Philadelphia, who died in 1809. 
They had one daughter, who died when five years old. His friend, 
the Rev. Dr. B. P. Welch, writes these recollections : 

"In person he was of portly noble bearing, and he moved with 
an air of uncommon dignity. His countenance was at once highly 
intellectual and highly benignant ; and his appearance altogether was 
unusually prepossessing. The two most remarkable characteristics 
of his preaching, as I remember it, were evangelical fervour and sim 
plicity. As for the matter of his discourses, he never wandered far 
away from the Cross ; he delighted to dwell upon the character and 
work of Christ, and the grace of the Holy Spirit, and he was espe 
cially at home on all topics connected immediately with experimental 
religion. He wrote his sermons, and whenever I heard him preach, 
his manuscript was always before him. He began not only by read 
ing, but by reading very deliberately, and with little animation ; but 
he would gradually wax warm, and you would see his eye begin to 
kindle, and the muscles of his face to move and expand, until at 
length his soul would be all on fire, and he would be rushing onward 
extemporaneously almost with the fury of a cataract. And the only 
use he would make of his manuscript in such cases would be to roll 
it up in his hand, and literally shake it at his audience. When he 
was in these excited moods, his gesture was abundant ; but at other 
times, I mean when he was reading from his manuscript, I think 
he gestured very little. He had a sonorous and somewhat rotund 
voice, though not very musical. His enunciation was remarkably dis 
tinct, and every syllable and letter could be heard with ease. To me 
he appeared sometimes surpassingly eloquent, but I doubt not that 
it was his almost matchless unction that gave to his preaching its 
greatest power." [Sprague*s Annals, vol. v, p. 269.] 



C 264 



JOSEPH PILMORE 

[REPORT ON CHRIST CHURCH, NEW YORK, FROM JOSEPH PILMORE] 



CHURCH in the City of New York was built 
v^< Anno Domini 1793. The chief promoters of it were 
M r . George Warner Mr George Dominick, M T . James Riving- 
ton, M r . Archibald Kirley, M r . William Post, M* John Post 
M r . Benjamin Duglass with many others who contributed 
towards building the said Church. 

On New Years Day Anno Domini 1794 It was publickly 
Dedicated to the Service of Almighty GOD by performing 
the Liturgy of the P. E. C. of America, & on the ninth of 
March following the Rev'? Joseph Pilmore took the Pastoral 
Charge of it, where he has statedly officiated to the present 
time. The Church has no Estate, possesses no Property but 
what arises from the Pew rents and the Voluntary Contri 
butions of the Congregation. 
Since the last Convention 

Baptised Children and Adults 210 

Marriages 65 

Communicants, about 300 

N.B. As the Communicants in Cities sometimes attend in One 
Church and sometimes in another, it is difficult to ascertain the 
exact number. 

Funerals Adults 1 6 

Children 22 

Total 38 
For the Episcopate 

For the Missionaries 

Jos. PILMORE, Reft or. 

New York, 

z oar 1 804 

[ 265 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

[MEMORIAL FROM CHRIST CHURCH, 1801] 

To the Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
State of New Tork. 

THE Memorial of the Corporation of Christ Church in 
the City of New York Humbly sheweth. 

Whereas the Episcopal Congregation of Christ Church in 
the City of New York has been subjected to many incon 
veniences in consequence of its peculiar situation, especially 
in matters relating to the Parochial Duty in the said Congre 
gation, which has long been too much for any one Minister, 
but, owing to certain regulations which took place in the State 
Convention of the Church some years ago, they have been 
deprived of all the assistance which they might otherwise have 
received from regular Ministers of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church. And, being decidedly fixed in their Principles of and 
Attachment to the Episcopal Priesthood, under which they 
have most of them had the happiness to be Educated, they 
have never no not in a single instance applied to any other 
Denomination for help, but have quietly submitted to the diffi 
culties they were under for more than seven years, during 
which time, they have, by their uniform conduct and behav 
iour, fully evinced to all men, the sincerity of their Profession 
as Episcopalians, concious of the purity of their motives, they 
have always entertained a pleasing hope that a Church, so 
long renowned for its candour and benevolences, would one 
day acknowledge them as Children, and re-admit them to 
those Spiritual Priviledges they had formerly enjoyed as their 
Inheritance and allow them to share in her Government, 
equally with all the rest of her Members. 

And whereas they are unwilling to repeat any thing which 

C 266 J 



JOSEPH PILMORE 

might be an occasion of pain or to omit any acknowledgement 
which can be made consistent with truth and the honor of 
Religion they find themselves at liberty to declare that they 
never have and that they never will entertain the most dis 
tant Idea of interfering with the Parochial Government of 
Trinity Church, or of claiming any part of the Property of 
the said Church, or any other ; but only to enjoy the right 
of a district Parish, to call their own Minister, appoint their 
own Officers and regulate all the temporal concerns of their 
own Church : they have always intended to preserve the unity 
and promote the interest of the Protestant Episcopal Church: 
they have explicitly and officially, declared their agreement 
with the said Church in DocTrine, Discipline, Sacraments, and 
worship: they have humbled themselves to her Constituted 
Authorities for any error they might have committed for want 
of better information, or any step they might have hastily 
taken through their zeal in the Business; and they do now 
Promise in the most unequivocal manner to submit to her 
Authority and conform to her Government when placed on 
the same ground as the other Episcopal Churches in the Dio 
cese of New York now are : in order to which your Memo 
rialists humbly solicit your friendly Consideration. 

By Order of the Board 

ANTHONY NORROWAY 
Extract from the Minutes. Clk to the Corp 5 . 



[ DRAFT OF RESOLUTIONS CONCERNING CHRIST CHURCH, 1801 ] 

RESOLVED. That those persons belonging to the con 
gregation of Christ church who wilfully & in oppo 
sition to the Re6lor & Vestry of Trinity church separated 

C 26 7 II 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

themselves from the same, were guilty of a highly censurable 
a6l. 

Resolved. That the Rev d Joseph Pilmore by countenancing 
the said persons in their separation was partaker of their of 
fence. 

Resolved. That the Rev d Joseph Pilmore by officiating within 
the parish or parochial cure of the Re6tor of Trinity church 
without his express permission has violated one of the canons 
of the church. 

And whereas, the said minister & people for these offences 
have been justly excluded from the communion of the Bishop 
& church in this state, but during the time of their exclusion 
have expressed their sorrow for the conduct that produced it, 
have demeaned themselves with regularity & order, & used 
the liturgy & worship of this church, & now by their memo 
rial presented to this convention do pray to be received into 
communion. 

Therefore Resolved, that in order to secure the authority & 
discipline of the church the following written acknowledge 
ments be required from them. 

Acknowledgement from the Vestry, viz, 

We the Wardens & Vestry of Christ Church in the city of 
New- York, in behalf of those persons who separated them 
selves from the Rector & Vestry of Trinity church, do hereby 
acknowledge that in this case they acted with precipitation, 
& without regard to the peace & unity of the Church, & we 
do hereby in the name of the said congregation declare our 
determination to submit to the constitution, canons, & disci 
pline of the Protestant Episcopal church if the Bishop & con 
vention should think proper to receive us into communion. 

Signed. 

c 



JOSEPH PILMORE 

Acknowledgement from the Rev d Joseph Pilmore. 

I do hereby acknowledge that in countenancing those persons 
who separated from the Re6lor & Vestry of Trinity church, 
I a6led with precipitancy & without regard to the peace & unity 
of the church, & that by officiating within the parochial cure 
of the Re6lor of Trinity Church without his permission I vio 
lated one of the canons of the church. And I do hereby declare 
that I will submit to the constitution, canons, & discipline of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church if the Bishop & convention 
should think proper to receive me into communion. 

Signed. 

Resolved. That on signing the above acknowledgements & 
giving satisfactory security to the Vestry of Trinity Church, 
that they will not interfere in the temporal concerns nor claim 
any of the property of that Church, the said minister & con 
gregation be admitted to the communion of the Bishop & this 
Convention. 



ANNOTATIONS 

George Warner. 

Mr. Warner came from England to New York when a very young 
man. In 1771 he was appointed a city measurer of grain. He entered 
into partnership with his brother Richard as a sail and rigging maker. 
Their loft was in William Street, near John, and the earliest Methodist 
services are said to have been held there by Philip Embury and Cap 
tain Webb, before the building of the John Street Chapel. The busi 
ness became very extensive, and larger quarters were found at No. 90 
Wall Street. Mr. Warner had known and admired Mr. Pilmore when 
he was a Methodist preacher, and when the movement for a new parish 
in the city was made, he offered lots upon which to build the church 
on the north side of Ann Street, as well as a large subscription in 

C 269 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

money, and was for some years a strong and generous friend of Christ 
Church. 

When St. Stephen's Church was built in 1805 Mr. Warner sub 
scribed generously, and subsequently became a member of that par 
ish, serving as warden and representing St. Stephen's in the Dio 
cesan Convention. He was especially active during the rectorship of 
Dr. Richard Channing Moore, from 1809 to 1814. The Rev. Newton 
Perkins, in his " History of St. Stephen's Parish," says on page 48 : 

" A review of Dr. Moore's ministry in St. Stephen's would not be 
complete without reference to Mr. George Warner, a faithful layman, 
and a zealous Christian gentleman, who was an earnest supporter 
of the rector in all his pastoral work. Of him Dr. Moore writes : 

For five years he was my affectionate companion and kind parish 
ioner. I have always thought that much of the success which attended 
my labours at St. Stephen's was owing to the efforts of my departed 
friend. We would walk from one end of the city to the other, visit 
ing the sick, praying with the afflicted, and exhorting those in health to 
seek the Lord, and never did I hear him say he was fatigued. When 
indisposed myself, and under these circumstances incapable of visit 
ing the children of sorrow, I would send the applicant to George War 
ner, and satisfy myself that the object would be as fully answered as 
if I had attended in person.' 

"Mr. Warner was a man of fortune and was highly esteemed for 
his integrity, and held high offices in the city and the state. He de 
voted his wealth and influence and personal labours to the cause of 
piety and the Church, and was fond of extemporaneous prayer in 
social meetings, which he was always eager to conduct. He was a con 
stant visitor among the sick and afflicted, and as a layman he was 
self-denying, benevolent, and burning with zeal ; so that the rector 
believed that he had more assistance from him in his parish work, 
than would have resulted from a curate or an assistant minister." 

George Warner was a public-spirited citizen, and represented the 
city of New York in the legislature for several successive terms. He 
died in 1825. He married Magdalen Waldegrave, a descendant of the 
Earls of Waldegrave. Their son George J. was prominent in city 
politics and a sachem of Tammany Hall, and did much for city im 
provements. His son, Effingham H. Warner, was the chief founder 
of the Butchers' and Drovers' Bank, president of the Bowery Insur- 

C 270 ] 



JOSEPH PILMORE 

ance Company, and senior member of the drug firm of Warner, Prall 
and Ray. 
A tablet in St. Paul's Chapel bears the following inscription : 

"THE RIGHTEOUS SHALL BE IN EVERLASTING REMEMBRANCE." 

THIS TABLET 
RECORDS THE MEMORY OF 



GEORGE WARNER 

TH 



WHO DIED 4 . JAN. 1825. AGED 74 YEARS. 

PRAYER AND PRAISE WAS THE DELIGHT OF HIS SOUL 
AND LIKE ENOCH " HE WALKED WITH GOD." 

SO PURE SO BRIGHT DID HIS EXAMPLE SHINE 

IT SPOKE RELIGION GLORIOUS AND DIVINE, 

HIS FAITH AND WORKS THIS STONE CAN NEVER TELL 

BUT IN MEMORY SPEAKS HIS PRAISE AND SPEAKS IT WELL. 

George Dominick. 

Mr. Dominick was a large lumber merchant. His place of business 
was No. 157 Chatham Street. He was a vestryman of Trinity Church 
from 178 7 to 1792. 

James Rivington. 

Mr. Rivington was born in London about 1724, and became a book 
seller in his native city. He prospered, but lost his earnings upon the 
race course at New Market, whereupon he determined to emigrate, 
and came to New York in 1760. He opened a bookstore and printing- 
office on Hanover Square, which he continued for three years, when 
he removed to Philadelphia, where he engaged in the same business. 
Upon his return to New York City he commenced the publication, at 
his "free and uninfluenced press," of "The New York Gazetteer or 
Connecticut, New Jersey, Hudson River and Quebec Weekly Adver 
tiser." It was an able and a firm supporter of the British Crown and 
its measures for the reduction of the colonies to obedience. For some 
of the utterances of the "Gazetteer" in 1775 Captain Isaac Sears and 
the Sons of Liberty wrecked his printing-office and confiscated the 
type, which was made into bullets. The affair was investigated by the 
Provincial Congress and then referred to the Continental Congress. 
While the subject was under consideration Mr. Rivington sent a re- 

I 371 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

monstrance, in which he declared that he had always meant honestly 
and openly to do his duty as a servant of the public. The matter was 
not pursued further. In 1777 Mr. Rivington returned from England 
to his ruined home and resumed the publication of the paper. He had 
been made King's printer for New York. The name of the paper was 
changed to the "New York Loyal Gazette," and on December 13, 
1777, appeared as the ' ' Royal Gazette. ' ' So biased were its reports of 
battles and public events that it was known by the patriots as the 
* ' lying Gazette. ' ' The editor was the subject of much abuse and satire 
by the wits and poets on the American side. Philip Freneau, the poet, 
addressed several poems to him. One called "The Last Will and 
Testament of James Rivington ' ' closes with these lines : 

" Provided however, and nevertheless, 
That whatever estate I enjoy and possess 
At the time of my death, if it be not then sold, 
Shall remain to the Tories to have and to hold" 

When the royal cause seemed waning in 1782 he became a spy for 
Washington, sending his messages on thin paper enclosed in the cov 
ers of books by unsuspicious agents into the American camp. He re 
mained in New York City, where he died July 3, 1802. A son, Lieu 
tenant John Rivington of the Eighty-third Regiment, died in England 
in 1809. 

In the "New York Gazette and General Advertiser" of Monday, 
July 1, 1802, appeared the following notice: 

"Died suddenly yesterday morning in the 78th year of his age, Mr. 
James Rivington an old and truly respectable inhabitant of this city, 
a native of Great Britain, but many years an eminent printer and 
bookseller in New York. As a man of letters he was exceeded by few. 
His uniform and gentlemanly deportment, through life, endeared 
him, in a very eminent degree, to all with whom he was acquainted. 
An affectionate daughter and five sons are by this divine stroke, sep 
arated from an invaluable parent." 

Archibald Kir ley. 

Mr. Kirley lived at No. 27 Cherry Street. 

William Post. 

William Post was a member of a firm dealing in paints and oils. 

C 272 ] 



JOSEPH PILMORE 

John Post. 

John Post lived at No. 73 Broad Street. 

Benjamin Douglas. 

Mr. Douglas was a dry-goods merchant, with a store at No. 66 James 

Street. 

Christ Church^ New Tork City. 

After the resignation of Dr. Pilmore in 1804, the Rev. T^homas Lyell, 
who also had been a Methodist preacher, was elected as rector. He 
sustained the reputation for stirring and eloquent sermons which Christ 
Church had acquired, and the church was thronged at every service. 
In 1821 the vestry determined to remove further up town, as there 
were three otherchurches very near, Trinity, St. Paul's Chapel, and 
Grace. The site chosen was on Anthony Street (now Worth), west 
of Broadway. It had been occupied by the Anthony Street Theatre, 
then by a circus troupe, and temporarily by the company of the Park 
Theatre after a fire, until a new building was completed. The prop 
erty was purchased by the vestry in January, 1822, and a church of 
gray stone, with brown stone trimmings, built, which was consecrated 
by Bishop Hobart, March 29, 1823. Dr. Lyell made the parish strong 
both in numbers and influence, but some members of Christ Church 
were opposed to removal and purchased the old building, and chose 
the Rev. John Sellon, the son of a brilliant English lawyer, Serjeant 
Sellon of London, as rector. They claimed to be the original parish, 
but sought recognition in vain from the Convention of the Diocese. 
Soon after the resignation of Mr. Sellon, about 1827, the congregation 
disbanded, the church was sold to the Roman Catholics, and destroyed 
by fire in 1834. Christ Church, on Anthony Street, served the parish for 
twenty-four years. It was a great blow to the parish when the church 
was burned July 30, 1847. It evidently shortened and saddened the life 
of Dr. Lyell, who died March 4, 1848. After consultation with the 
Bishop and influential friends among the clergy, the vestry determined 
to follow the upward trend of population, and held services temporarily 
in the chapel of the University of New York, on Washington Square. 
The Rev. Charles Henry Halsey, who had been made deacon by the 
Rt. Rev. Dr. George W. Doane of New Jersey, July 6, 1838, and 
had been assistant in St. Thomas's Church, New York, and rector of 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

St. Paul's Church, Sing Sing, was elected rector. In 1854 a church 
and rectory were built on West Eighteenth Street near Fifth Avenue. 
Mr. Halsey died suddenly in May, 1855, from the effect of a fall 
from a building in process of erection on Seventeenth Street opposite 
Union Square. In July, 1858, the property was exchanged for the 
brown stone church on Fifth Avenue and the corner of Thirty-fifth 
Street, which had been erected by a Baptist Society. In July, 1859, 
the property on Eighteenth Street was purchased by the Rev. Dr. 
Thomas H. Gallaudet for St. Ann's Church for Deaf Mutes. Mr. 
Halsey 's successors have been Frederick S. Wiley; Ferdinand C. 
Ewer, afterward the founder of St.Ignatius's Church, whose sermons 
on "The Failure of Protestantism " were delivered in Christ Church 
in 1868 ; Hugh Miller Thompson, afterward Bishop of Mississippi; 
Jacob Shaw Shipman,Avho declined the Episcopate of Fond du Lac, 
whose rectorship extended over a period of twenty-four years, when 
in 1901 he was made rector emeritus, and died February 23, 1905, 
in his seventy-fourth year. In 1885 the rector and vestry decided that 
a removal was absolutely necessary, and June 6, 1886, lots were pur 
chased on the corner of Broadway and Seventy-first Street. Plans for 
a church of Romanesque architecture of brick and stone were adopted, 
and the edifice commenced in 1889. It was completed and occupied 
May 18, 1890. An apse was added in 1892, and in the same year 
a rectory was built on Seventy-first Street. In 1903 the Rev. George 
Alexander Strong of Quincy, Massachusetts, was elected rector, and 
was in office in January, 1912. As recorded in the American Church 
Almanac for 1912 there were five hundred and eighty communicants. 

Memorial from Christ Church, 1801. 

The wardens and vestrymen of Christ Church presented the above 

memorial to the Convention of the Diocese of New York at its session 

September 4, 1801. In the Diocesan Journal for 1801 it is recorded 

that: 

"After discussion, on motion of the Rev. Mr. Hobart, 
"Resolved, That this Convention cannot with propriety act upon the 

memorial from the Corporation of Christ Church while the Church is 

destitute of a Bishop." 



C 2 74 



JOSEPH PILMORE 

Anthony Norroway. 

Mr. Norroway lived in the Bowery, near the present Prince Street. 
In 1806 the house was numbered 221. In 1812 the number was 
changed to 233. In that year Dr. Robert Johnston, who was a phy 
sician and druggist, occupied a portion of it. In 1814 Mr. Norroway 
removed to No. 93 Greenwich Street. He died about 1816. 

Christ Church Resolutions, 1801. 

The draft of these resolutions is entirely in the handwriting of Mr. 
Hobart. The resolutions were offered by him at the Diocesan Conven 
tion of 1802. It is evident that they were not adopted, but formed 
the basis of the action taken under a resolution of Mr. Hobart provid 
ing that when the rector and vestry of Christ Church made suitable 
acknowledgement of their fault to the Bishop, the rector and parish 
should be admitted and the name of Mr. Pilmore placed on the Clergy 
List. The name of Joseph Pilmore is enrolled in the Journal for 1802, 
and in the list of parishes the names of George Warner and George 
Dominick are recorded as delegates for Christ Church. 



I 2 75 



PIERRE ANTOINE SAMUEL ALBERT 

PIERRE ANTOINE SAMUEL ALBERT was born at Lausanne, Swit 
zerland, in 1766. He took high honours at the University of 
Lausanne. Upon his ordination as a minister of the Reformed Pro 
testant Church he was assigned to a parish near the city, and became 
an eloquent preacher. When the Rev. Louis J. Duby, in 1776, deter 
mined that personal matters required him to return to Geneva, the 
trustees of the French Church in New York City requested that with 
Professor Levade, who had declined their call, he would select a pastor 
for them, and M.Albert was chosen. Professor Levade, in a letter to 
Frederic Bassett, says of him : 

' ' He has manifested on all occasions a great zeal for the holy voca 
tion which he professes, a wise attachment for the pure doctrine of 
the Gospel, great purity of character and a conduct proper to concili 
ate him the esteem and attachment of all those who have been called 
to live with him or near him." 

The new pastor arrived in the summer of 1797. The revenue of the 
Church had been steadily decreasing, and many of the younger people 
had sought other places of worship. The trustees saw no practicable 
method to increase the income unless they accepted the conditions 
under which Elias Desbrosses, for many years a warden of Trinity 
Church, who, dying in 1778, had left in trust to the Corporation of 
Trinity Church the sum of one thousand pounds. The income was 
to be used for ' ' the support of a Clergyman who should minister in 
the French language according to the Liturgy of the Church of Eng 
land as by law established." It was also provided that "in case any 
considerable time should elapse before it was possible to organize such 
a French congregation, then the interest arising from the sum be 
queathed was to be added to the principal." Measures had been taken 
by Trinity Church to divest itself of the trust in 1791. In January, 
1797, Richard Harison reported to the vestry that the chancellor had 
directed ' * the Trust monies should be accounted for and placed at 
interest upon real security under the Direction of one of the Masters of 
the Court." In July, 1798, the principal and interest was one thousand 
eight hundred and fifty-eight pounds, eight shillings, and eleven pence. 
In 1802 the income of the French Church had been reduced to five 
hundred and twelve dollars and fifty cents. On September 30, 1802, 

L 276 n 



PIERRE ANTOINE SAMUEL ALBERT 

the trustees met to debate the matter. Sigismund Hugget was the presi 
dent and John G. Tardy was secretary. The other members were John 
Pintard, Stephen Richard, Peter La Court, and Thomas Hammersley . 
After discussion they resolved to adopt the liturgy of the American 
Church, considering that the doctrines they professed were in accord 
with its principles. At a meeting held by them October 6, 1802, a let 
ter was read from M. Albert in which he said : * ' As to your determina 
tion concerning the Anglican liturgy, I can see nothing in the way of 
its adoption by us, since the religion is the same, differing I believe 
only in ceremonies. It would nevertheless, be well to know exactly the 
conditions on which the English would consent to let us have the leg 
acy bequeathed to us ; for if they are onerous or tend to deprive us of 
our independence, I could not subscribe. If, on the contrary, it is only 
a question of the simple adoption, I unite with you, gentlemen, in 
adopting it, and I do so all the more willingly as I am convinced that 
that is perhaps the only means we have to at last draw our congre 
gation out of the state of nullity where it is at present. As to the latter 
purpose, I am, likewise, fully disposed to concur with you in the execu 
tion of a plan which can only turn out to the advantage of all." [Col 
lections, Huguenot Society, vol. i, p. lxxxiiiJ\ 

The trustees appointed John Pintard and Thomas Hammersley a com 
mittee * ' to take all measures not inconsistent with the independency 
of the Church," and on October 24, 1802, a public meeting, which 
had been announced on two previous Sundays, was held after the morn 
ing service, in which the action taken by the trustees was announced 
and explained. It was then unanimously approved by the congrega 
tion. Consultations were held with Bishop Moore and prominent cler 
gymen upon the details of the matter. The translation of the English 
Book of Common Prayer used in the French churches in London, 
Jersey, and Guernsey was revised in accordance with the changes in 
the American book, most probably by M. Albert. The minutes of the 
vestry show that Mr. Pintard was instructed to see the book through 
the press, and an edition in octavo form was printed by Robert Wil 
son, New York City. 

When the Prayer Book in French had been approved, application 
was made to the Bishop for the consecration of the church. This 
service was held on Monday of Whitsun-week, May 30, 1803. The 
Rev. John Ireland read morning prayer in French; the sermon was 

C 277 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

by the Rev. John Henry Hobart. The record does not state whether it 
was in French. The name given was L'Eglise du St. Esprit. M. Al 
bert and Edmund Drienan Barry were made deacons by Bishop Moore 
in that church, May 31, 1803. Upon Trinity Sunday, June 5, the 
Prayer Book was used for the first time. Mr. Barry became assist 
ant, with the special duty of holding an afternoon service in Eng 
lish. M. Albert was ordained priest by Bishop Moore on the feast of 
St. John Baptist, June 24, 1803. He died in 1806. In "The Church 
man's Magazine" for July, 1806, volume iii, page 279, is the follow 
ing notice : 

"DIED, at New-York, on Saturday the 12th instant, in the 41st year 
of his age, the Rev. Pierre Antoine Albert, Rector of the French Pro 
testant Episcopal Church Du St. Esprit. His remains, (attended by his 
faithful and affectionate flock, and by some of the principal Clergy, 
of different denominations,) were interred, on Sunday evening, in his 
own Church, at the foot of that pulpit, from which he had so fre 
quently edified and charmed his hearers by his persuasive eloquence. 
The pall was supported by his reverend brethren of the Episcopal 
Clergy, and the funeral rites were performed, with impressive solem 
nity, by the Right Rev. Bishop Moore. A pathetic and appropriate 
discourse had been previously delivered after morning service, to his 
congregation, by the Rev. Edmund D. Barry, his assistant minister, 
from Heb. xiii. 7. 

"Mr. Albert was a descendant of a highly respectable family in 
Lausanne, in Switzerland. He received about ten years ago, a pastoral 
call, to take charge of the French Protestant Church, founded in New- 
York, by the persecuted Hugonots, after the revocation of the edict 
of Nantes. He was an accomplished gentleman, an erudite scholar, a 
profound theologian, and a most elegant and exemplary preacher. A 
stranger in a strange land, of unobtrusive manners, insuperable mod 
esty, he led a very retired life. His merits however, which could not 
be concealed, were justly appreciated by his congregation, by whom, 
and by all who had the pleasure of being acquainted with him, he 
was eminently esteemed, and sincerely beloved. His extreme suffer 
ings, during four weeks illness, were mitigated by the kind attentions 
of affectionate friends, who never intermitted their duties, nor forsook 
his couch, and whose tender solicitude, which he gratefully acknow 
ledged, soothed his last agonies." 

C 278 D 



PIERRE ANTOINE SAMUEL ALBERT 

The Editor is indebted, under date of February 23, 1912, for the fol 
lowing particulars from the Rev. A. V. Wittmeyer, rector of L'Eglise 
du St. Esprit: 

"I beg to say that about thirty years ago I found in a vault in St. 
Mark's Cemetery a Coffin plate bearing the name, etc., of Albert. 
Upon inquiry I learned that this Church, on selling its property in 
Pine St. , purchased the vault in question for the reinterment of the 
unclaimed bodies buried in the Pine St. Cemetery. It is very likely, 
therefore, that the remains of Mr. Albert were reinterred there." 



[REPORT ON L'EGLISE DU ST. ESPRIT, NEW YORK 
FROM PIERRE ANTOINE ALBERT] 

THE French Church Du S'. Esprit in the City New- York 
was united to the Prot: Episc: Church & consecrated 
the 30 May 1 803 by the R' R<? D r . Moore. The number of 
male Members is now 66. The number of baptisms has been 
3. Marriages none: funerals none: Communicants about 12. 
The Congregation is increasing. 

P. ANT: ALBERT Reftor. 

New- York 2 nd Oftober 1 804. 

Information in regard to English service. 
The service is performed in French every Sunday morning, 
& in English every afternoon by the Rev? E. Barry, assistant. 
It is contemplated to perform a third service in French every 
Sunday evening. 



ANNOTATIONS 

Benjamin Moore. 

For sketch of Bishop Moore see Volume II, page 230. 



H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Edmund Drienan Barry. 

See sketch which precedes his letter of September 16, 1805. 

L'Eglise du St. Esprit. 

Among the earliest emigrants to New Amsterdam were families of 
Walloons, who were French Protestants settled in the Low Coun 
tries. They were soon followed by many Huguenot families. The 
Rev. Jonas Michaelius, in his letter to the Rev. Adrian Smoutius, 
dated from "the Island of Manhatas in New Netherland the llth 
day of August, Anno 1628," mentions the French and Walloons 
then in the colony as forming part of the Dutch congregation on 
ordinary Sundays. He did not consider it advisable to have a special 
service for them every Sunday, as they were comparatively few. But 
he proceeds to say, "Nevertheless the Lord's Supper was adminis 
tered to them in the French language, and according to the French 
mode, with a discourse preceding, which I had before me in writ 
ing, as I could not trust myself extemporaneously." It is possible that 
the successors of the first minister followed his good example. There 
is no record of any separate French congregation until after 1673, 
although services were held previously by the Rev. Caspar Carpen- 
tier and the Rev. Michael Zyperus, Huguenot ministers in the col 
ony on the Delaware, from 1660 to 1673. The organization of 1673 
included the Huguenots of Harlem and towns near New York as well 
as those in New Amsterdam. The name of the minister is supposed 
to have been Ezechiel Carre. It endured for only a few years. In 1679 
the Labadist missionaries, Jasper Dankers and Peter Sluyter, visited 
New York, but no French Church is mentioned by them. In 1682, 
under the Rev. Pierre Daille, whose words and example cheered and 
invigorated his brethren, a Church was organized, of which he be 
came the first pastor. The services were held in the Dutch Church 
of St. Nicholas within the Fort. Upon the revocation of the Edict of 
Nantes in 1685 the number of Huguenots in the colony was very 
largely increased. There were two hundred families in the city of New 
York in 1689. The Rev. Pierre Peiret, who arrived in 1687, gathered 
some of the recent refugees and his special friends into a Church under 
the name "L'Eglise des Refugies FranQais a la Nouvelle Yorke." A 
small edifice was built by them on Marketfield Street. In 1692 a gal 
lery was added. It would then seat nearly four hundred persons. The 

C 280 ] 



PIERRE ANTOINE SAMUEL ALBERT 

necessity for two French congregations was not apparent, and in 
1692 the congregation of M. Daille united with that of M. Peiret, 
the senior pastor giving full charge of the congregation to his junior, 
and becoming a travelling overseer of the country congregations. In 
1703 the building in Marketfield Street was sold under the authori 
zation of an act of the Assembly. On July 9, 1704, Governor Cornbury 
laid the corner-stone of a new and larger church in Pine Street near 
the present Nassau Street. The church was finished toward the end of 
the same year. M. Peiret died September 1, 1704, and was buried in 
Trinity Church-yard. Among his successors was the Rev. Louis Rou, 
whose pastorate was extended over nearly forty years. While the ser 
vices were well maintained, there were many of the congregation who 
conformed from time to time to the Church of England, among them 
Elias Neau, Elias Desbrosses, Pierre Jay, Etienne de Lancey, and 
others who were influential in Church and State. 

During the Revolution the church was used as a store-house for the 
ordnance department of the British army under General Patterson. 
The congregation was widely scattered, and did not resume regular 
services until the arrival from Geneva in 1795 of the Rev. J.Louis 
Duby, who by his tact and energy gave the people of the parish new 
hope and courage. The church building was practically a ruin. Funds 
were raised for its renovation, and it was strongly rebuilt. Under 
Mr. Duby's auspices there was held January 26, 1796, an election of 
trustees, and the reorganization in accordance with the Act of 1784 
was effected. The name chosen was "Trustees of Reformed Protes 
tant French Church in the city of New York." The first trustees were 
Frederic Basset, president, Jean Van den Brock, secretary, Francois 
Basset, Renee Jean Aymar, Jean Logiar, and Jacques Blanchard. In 
the sketch of the Rev. M. Albert, page 276, the circumstances under 
which pastor and people conformed to the American Church have been 
detailed. In July, 1803, the members of the parish addressed the ves 
try of Trinity Church, stating the election of M. Albert as rector and 
the conformity to the Book of Common Prayer, and requesting the pay 
ment of the legacy of Elias Desbrosses, as the condition on which it 
was bequeathed had been fulfilled. The vestry replied that the leg 
acy had been placed at interest under the direction of the court of 
chancery. It would require an order of that court to transfer the fund. 
As the process would be a long one, the vestry sent a donation of one 

C 281 ]] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

hundred pounds each to M. Albert and Mr. Barry. On May 14, 1804, 
the parish elected as wardens and vestrymen Sigismund Hugget, 
Richard Harison, John Pintard, Thomas Hammersley, Stephen 
Richard, John G. Tardy, Dr. John Kemp, Jacob Schiefflin, John 
B. Prevost, and Thomas Randall. Richard Harison and John King were 
chosen delegates to the Convention of the diocese. During the session 
of 1804 1'Eglise du St. Esprit was admitted into union with the Con 
vention. Upon the death of M. Albert, in 1806, Mr. Barry continued 
the services. The vestry of Trinity Church took this action on May 8, 
1806: 

" A letter from the Rector and Church Wardens of St. Stephen's 
Church in the Bowery was read and thereupon and upon consider 
ing the state of the Church du Saint Esprit resolved that Property to 
the amount of ten thousand dollars be transferred to each of those 
Churches, and that the Committee of Leases designate the proper Lots 
to be so transferred. " [MS. Records of Trinity Church, vol. ii, p. 162.] 

In 1816 the Rev. Henry L. P. Peneveyre became rector. He was made 
deacon by Bishop Hobart, December 8, 1815. He was born in Swit 
zerland, and was a man of profound scholarship. 

On March 13, 1820, the following adjustment of the funds of the 
parish was made : "The Comptroller informs the Board that the Ves 
try of the French Church du Saint Esprit were desirous that all the 
money arising from the debt of Philip J. Livingston should remain 
in the hands of the Corporation together with such additional sum to 
be advanced by them as should make up in the whole Ten Thousand 
Dollars. It was thereupon resolved that the said sum be retained ac 
cordingly and that the Bond of this Corporation be given for the pay 
ment of Interest thereon at the rate of seven per cent per annum." 
[MS. Records of Trinity Church, vol. ii, p. 347.] 

In 1825 M. Peneveyre returned to his native land, and M. Antoine 
Verren, who had studied theology in France, came over at the request 
of the vestry in 1826 with the expectation of being immediately or 
dained. Under the canon then in force he could only act as lay reader 
for two years. He was made deacon by Bishop Hobart, October 1, 1828, 
and priest soon after. M. Verren proved to be an acceptable and capa 
ble parish priest. In 1834 the church in Pine Street was sold for fifty 
thousand dollars. A new church of classic architecture, with a dome, 
was built of Sing Sing marble on the corner of Franklin and Church 

C 282 ] 



PIERRE ANTOINE SAMUEL ALBERT 

Streets. Its dimensions were one hundred feet long, fifty feet wide, and 
fifty feet in height. The church was badly damaged September 23, 
1839, by the burning of Palmo's Opera House, which adjoined it. 
It was repaired, but the dome was not restored. In 1863 the vestry 
purchased a plot of ground on West Twenty-second Street near Fifth 
Avenue, upon which a Gothic church of Nova Scotia stone was built, 
one hundred feet long and sixty feet wide, with a tower and spire 
one hundred and fifty feet high. The Rev. Dr. Verren departed this 
life March 17, 1874, in the forty-sixth year of his rectorship. The 
Rev. Louis Pons succeeded him in 1875, and resigned in 1878. The 
Rev. Alfred Victor Wittmeyer was elected rector in 1879, and was in 
office in January, 1912. During his rectorship the church on Twenty- 
second Street was sold, and a plot of ground purchased on Twenty- 
seventh Street near Fourth Avenue, upon which there was erected, in 
1900, a group of buildings with a French Gothic facade, combining 
a church, a nursery, parish house, and sexton's rooms. As recorded 
in the American Church Almanac for 1912, there are one hundred 
and forty-eight communicants. 



[ 283 



JOHN G. TARDY 

JOHN G. TARDY was a native of Switzerland. While young he 
entered the counting-house of Burral Carnes, the American con 
sul at Nantes, and afterward established a commercial house in Haiti, 
where he was very prosperous, for several years having a large share 
of the American business. Walter Barrett, in his "Old Merchants 
of New York," volume ii, page 143, speaks of the peril he was under 
during the insurrection of Toussaint L'Ouverture in 1798 : 

"He sent his wife and two children, and five negro servants, with 
nothing on but their night-clothes, on board an American schooner 
lying off the ' Cape.' They had no time to take anything else. He re 
turned to the city to fight the negroes, remained the whole night, and 
only when the town was in flames did he come on board, and the 
vessel sailed for New York. He, however, knew many persons in this 
city merchants whom he had done business with and they took 
him by the hand. Among them was Gurdon S. Mumford, who then 
lived at 37 William street. This was about 1797. Mr. Mumford went 
on board the vessel when she arrived in the harbor, and took the Tardy 
party on shore, and procured for them a house at 41 Beaver street." 

Mr. Tardy soon established himself in business, with a store and 
house at No. 53 Gold Street, formed profitable connections with 
French merchants at Bordeaux and in the West Indies, and became 
known as one of the richest merchants in the city. During the War 
of 1812 he entered into partnership with M. Majastre and largely 
extended his operations. He met with reverses, and from 1823 to his 
death in 1831, was clerk of the marine court. His son, John A. Tardy, 
was the confidential clerk and afterward partner of the eminent firm 
of Bouchaud and Thdbaud. A grandson, Captain John A. Tardy, 
served with distinction in the Civil War. 



JOHN G. TARDY 

[ CERTIFICATE OF ELECTION OF LAY DELEGATES FROM L'EGLISE DU 
ST. ESPRIT, FROM JOHN G. TARDY ] 

New York Monday I st Oftober 1804 

AT a meeting of the Re6tor Church- Wardens & Vestry 
of the French church Du S' Esprit 
Present 

Rev? M r Albert Reftor 

M r R. Harrison 



,... _ TT , Church- hardens 

M r S. Hugget 

Doctor Kemp. 
M r Randall . 
M r Hammersley ' ^ 
M r Pintard 

The object of this meeting being to choose two lay repre 
sentatives to represent with the Reclor this Congregation in 
the Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
State of Newyork which is to meet in this City. 
Whereupon M*. R. Harrison & 

Doctor Kemp were duly chosen 

JOHN G. TARDY 
[L.S.] SeSt! 



ANNOTATIONS 

Richard Harison. 

For notice see Volume III, page 158. 

Sigismund Hugget. 

Mr. Hugget was a wine merchant, with a house and store at No. 144 
Murray Street. He had been for many years a member, an official, 
and a generous supporter of the French Church. 

C 285 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

A tablet to the memory of Mr. Hugget's wife is on the wall of St. 
Paul's Chapel. It bears this inscription : 

"Sub hoc marmore positae sunt exuviae ELEONORAE, uxoris Sigis- 
mundi Hugget de Nova Eboracensi, armigeri, natae Lincolniensi 
urbis Magnae Britanniae, cujus si indefessam in Deum pietatem, 
immotam in amicos fidem, amorem ad maritum illibatum, si in aequa- 
les comitatem, in egenos liberalitatem, in omnes spectes benevolen- 
tiam, vix aetas haec parem habuit, superiorem nulla. Obiit, 3 men. 
Decem. 1794, aetatis 57." [Aiders Collection of American Epitaphs, 
vol. iv, p. 200.] 

John Kemp. 

Dr. Kemp was born in the eastern part of Scotland, April 10, 1763. 
He graduated from the University of Aberdeen in 1781. In 1783 he 
was made a member of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. He came 
to Virginia in 1783, where he taught for two years. In 1785 he 
was appointed a tutor in Columbia College. In 1786 he was made 
professor of mathematics, to which was added in 1795 the subject 
of geography. The title of the chair was changed in 1799 to the 
professorship of mathematics and natural history. Dr. Kemp served 
with marked success until his death, November 15, 1812. He was the 
friend and companion of De Witt Clinton, Gouverneur Morris, Rob 
ert Fulton, and others interested in the development of the resources 
of the State of New York. In 1810 he went over the route of the 
proposed Erie Canal, and reported favourably upon its feasibility. His 
old pupil, Dr. John W. Francis, says of him : "Dr. Kemp, a strong 
mathematician, ably filled several departments of science; impulsive 
and domineering in his nature, there were moments in him when a 
latent benevolence towards the student quickened itself, and he may 
be pronounced to have been an effective teacher. . . . Kemp was clever 
in his assigned duties but had little ambition to tract beyond it." [Old 
New York, by Francis, p. 33.] 

A tablet to Dr. Kemp's memory was placed upon the walls of the 
second Trinity Church. It is now in the south vestry room of the 
present edifice. The inscription is as follows : 

"M. S. JOANNIS KEMP, LL.D. Aberdoniensis ; qui, per annos ab- 
hinc septem et viginti, mathematicam et physicam in collegio Colum- 
biano Neo-Eboracensi, magna sua laude, professus est ; sed studiorum 

286 ' 



JOHN G. TARDY 

labore confectus, ac hydrope tandem oppressus, e vivis excessit, de- 
cimo septimo kal. Decembris, annoque salutis 1812mo. ^Etatis vero 
quinquagesimo. In gratam praeceptoris atque amici memoriam, tabel- 
lam hancce Societas Columbiana Peithologiana ponendam curavit." 
\AlderCs Collection of American Epitaphs, vol. z'u, p. 259.] 

Thomas Randall. 

Captain Randall was a merchant of large experience and great wealth, 
and was the senior member of the firm of Randall, Son and Stewart, 
whose warehouses were at No. 10 Hanover Square. He lived in a 
handsome house at No. 28 White Hall, and was an original director 
in the Bank of New York, chartered in 1786, and a vestryman of 
Trinity Church from 1785 to 1791. 

Thomas Hammers ley. 

Mr. Hammersley was a son of Andrew Hammersley, who was a large 
ironmonger and dry goods merchant for twenty-five years at No. 46 
Hanover Square, and a vestryman of Trinity Church from 1787 to 
1807. In 1801 his sons, Louis C. and Thomas, formed a partnership, 
occupying their father's old store after his removal to 25 Court- 
land Street. Early in the nineteenth century the number was changed 
to 109 Pearl Street. Thomas Hammersley lived at No. 97 Greenwich 
Street. He died about 1840. He had two children, a son Andrew, and 
a daughter, who married the Rev. Dr. Antoine Verren, rector of 
L'Eglise du St. Esprit. 

John Pintard. 

See sketch which precedes his letter of February 22, 1822. 



c: 287 3 



WILLIAM HARRIS 

WILLIAM, a son of Deacon Daniel and Sarah (Church) Harris, 
was born at Springfield, Massachusetts, April 29, 1765. His 
ancestry included William Pynchon, the founder of Springfield, and 
George Wyllys, governor of Connecticut. He was prepared for college 
by the Rev. Aaron Church, the Congregational minister of Hartland, 
Connecticut. He graduated from Harvard College in 1786, and was 
afterwards duly licensed as a Congregational minister. As his state of 
health would not permit him to bear the strain of parish work, Mr. 
Harris reluctantly abandoned his cherished desire and commenced the 
study of medicine with Dr. Holyoke of Salem, Massachusetts. In 1788 
he became principal of the academy at Marblehead, Massachusetts, 
and while there formed the acquaintance of the Rev. Thomas Fitch 
Oliver, then rector of St. Michael's Church. As the result of reading 
a compendium of Hooker's "Ecclesiastical Polity," lent to him by 
Mr. Oliver, Mr. Harris became convinced that the doctrines and pol 
ity of the Church of England were primitive and Scriptural. Yielding 
to the call of conscience, he abandoned medicine and offered himself to 
the Standing Committee of the Diocese of Massachusetts as a candi 
date for holy orders. Upon the restoration of his health he was made 
deacon by the Rt. Rev. Dr. Provoost of New York in Trinity Church, 
New York City , on Sunday, October 1 6, 1 79 1 , and on Sunday, October 
23, in St. George's Chapel, was ordained priest by the same Bishop. 
In November, 1791, he became rector of St. Michael's, Marblehead, 
where he remained for eleven years, retaining his position at the acad 
emy. In 1802 he accepted the rectorship of St. Mark's Church in 
the Bowery, New York City. In 1811, upon the resignation of Bishop 
Moore, Dr. Harris was elected president of Columbia College, retain 
ing until 1816 his connection with St. Mark's, when he was compelled 
to resign his rectorship, owing to the growth of the college, which 
needed all his time. He was a member of many of the societies and 
boards connected with the Church. After some years of failing health 
hediedin the president's house of Columbia College, October 18, 1829. 
Dr. Harris married in 1791, Elizabeth, a daughter of the Rev. Jonas 
Clark of Lexington, Massachusetts. Seven children were born to them. 
One of his two sons, Josiah Dwight, became a noted surgeon in the 
United States Army. His other son, Robert William, became a cler- 

C 288 ] 



:-i WILLIAM HARRIS 

gyman of distinguished ability. His grandson, the Rev. Dr. Thomas 
Robinson Harris, held several positions of responsibility, among them 
that of secretary of the Convention of the Diocese of New York, sec 
retary of the Standing Committee, general secretary of the Church 
Congress, and warden of St. Stephen's College, Annandale. He died 
on January 24, 1909, in the sixty-seventh year of his age. 

The Rev. Dr. John M. Matthews, chancellorof the University of New 
York, says of President Harris: "Dr. Harris' personal appearance, 
mind, heart, whole character, were all of a piece. In his person, he was 
about the middle size and well proportioned. His face was rather un 
usually pallid, but his features were regular, his eye expressive of great 
kindness and benignity, and his whole countenance spoke of a warm 
and generous heart. Nor was this by any means a false index ; for such 
was the gentleness of his spirit, and such the amenity of his manners, 
that, so far as I know, all who knew him esteemed him, and all who 
knew him intimately loved him. He delighted in conferring favours, 
not merely where he could do it without inconvenience, but even where 
it subjected him to a sacrifice : it was evidently a luxury to him to do 
good in any way. His mind was distinguished rather for correctness, 
clearness, and symmetry, than for extraordinary strength. He was a 
good classical scholar, having enjoyed the advantages of an education 
at Harvard College, where classical learning has always been held in 
the highest estimation. 

" As a preacher, Dr. Harris did not belong to the class of remarkably 
stirring and overpowering pulpit orators ; but he was mild and winning 
in his manner, chaste and correct in his style, while his sermons were 
not wanting in evangelical truth, and were evidently written with great 
care. I never heard from him any thing like a startling burst of elo 
quence, and I doubt whether any one else ever did ; for this was not 
his manner ; but there was an air of dignity and sincerity about him, 
which, when taken in connection with his good sense, his uncommonly 
perspicuous and pure style, his appropriate and excellent thoughts, his 
benevolent and open expression of countenance, and I may add, his 
acknowledged excellence of character, rendered him a highly acceptable 
preacher, as well to the plainer as the more intelligent class of hearers. 

"As President of the College, Dr. Harris \vas greatly revered and 
beloved. The students looked up to him as a father, and he, in turn, 
regarded them with an affectionate solicitude that was truly parental. 

[ 289 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Their intellectual and moral improvement, their happiness in this 
life and the future, were evidently among the objects that lay nearest 
his heart. I was myself a Trustee of the College during several of the 
last years of his Presidency, and had a good opportunity of knowing 
how highly he was esteemed in all his relations to the institution." 
[Sprague's Annals, vol. v, p. 385.] 

His friend and colleague, the Rev. Dr. John McVickar, says: "I 
would say then, first of all, few men surpassed him in his singleness 
of heart. It was not common openness or candour of character; per 
haps in him it was rather marked by reserve ; but it was a certain 
genuine simplicity and truth of mind, which admitted of no double 
motive either in his words or actions. It was childlike in its purest and 
best sense ; and while it perhaps unfitted him for the busy, bustling 
intrigues of life, it qualified him for that higher station to which the 
words of our blessed Saviour alluded, when he took little children in 
his arms and said, 'Of such is the Kingdom of Heaven.' As a con 
sequence of this, I may safely say that he had not an enemy on earth ; 
every man was his friend ; every one who knew him rejoiced in all 
the good that befel him, and sympathized in the sorrows of a heart 
that knew no guile. 

"Nor did this trait add only to the amiableness of his character; it 
greatly increased his powers, since it led him on all occasions to give 
himself up to his duty with that devotion of time and thought which 
could not but double their value. This was especially remarkable in 
the duties of his station as President of the College. In this he was not 
like other men. It was not merely the conscientious performance of 
duty. Other men do this, who find time for varied occupations ; but 
with Dr. Harris there was an absorption of heart, a solicitude which 
cannot easily be paralleled in the history of official station it was like 
the devotion of the student to his favourite pursuit, or of the worldly 
man to his interest ; his time, his thoughts, his very heart, were cen 
tered in the College ; for it alone he seemed to live ; neither fortune, 
nor fame, nor personal enjoyments seemed to have any attractions for 
him, or to receive at his hands even their justifiable share of atten 
tion. The College was to him all in all ; to its best interests he devoted 
his life, and for them I verily believe he would have been content to 
resign it. 

* * Another leading trait of his character was meekness. No man could 

H 



WILLIAM HARRIS 

approach him without being impressed with it, and it was in beau 
tiful accordance, I may say, with his benevolent countenance and 
venerable mien. He bore his honours so meekly that all men yielded 
him a willing reverence, and he shamed those who rendered to him 
even the slightest services, by the undue value which his grateful heart 
set upon them. This gave, on all occasions, to his language and man 
ners, as well as to his opinions, a certain quiet, unpretending dignity, 
which those who approached him would have found it as difficult 
to break through, as it was from their inclination to do so. It was ac 
companied also by an equanimity which I rarely ever saw disturbed, 
perhaps I should say never, except by what touched the cord of his 
religious feelings, or that honest pride he felt in the institution over 
which he presided. 

"Nor was this placidness of temper the valueless fruit of a life 
untried. Dr. Harris was tried beyond the lot of ordinary men. In the 
arduous station which he occupied, while he found many high and 
noble gratifications in the affectionate reverence and subsequent grati 
tude and attachment of those generous spirits who grew up under his 
care, he found what is inseparable from such a station, many harass 
ing and anxious cares. He had to contend with the errors of thoughtless 
youth, too often with the petulance of ungoverned tempers, and some 
times even with base ingratitude from those whom he was seeking, 
with parental kindness, to lead into the paths of honour and virtue. 

"If, on such occasions, severity ever took place of gentleness, it 
was only when some trait appeared of a bad heart, or a spirit dead to 
the sense of religion then indeed his rebuke was sharp and even 
terrible ; but it was the anger of a parent, which the tears and peni 
tence of the offender could change in a moment into love. This beau 
tiful trait of meekness in Dr. Harris' character, I may be allowed to 
say, was often greatly misunderstood. It had in it no marks of feeble 
ness. It is true that, averse to the rude collision of temper, which the 
business of the world often demands, he lived little in the public eye, 
withdrew himself from all needless contest, and retired within the 
circle of his own peaceful thoughts and quiet home ; but this, which 
some misnamed weakness, was rather to be esteemed the wisdom of 
a peaceful spirit, for in the performance of his duty no man was bolder. 
Deliberate in making up his opinions, and modest in the expression 
of them, he was yet steady in their maintenance, and once resolved, 

C 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

it was not words merely or authority that could move him ; and when 
called to put them in practice in the administration of discipline, his 
manner was marked by that happy union of mildness and decision, 
which intimidated the rebellious, while it disarmed them of all hostile 
feeling." [Sprague* s Annals, vol. v, p. 386.] 

An appreciative obituary of President Harris appeared in the ' ' New 
York American, ' ' October 20, 1 829 , presumably written by the editor, 
Charles King, who after an interval was president of Columbia Col 
lege. It is given as quoted in the "Christian Journal" for November, 
1829, page 343. The writer stated a few biographical facts and then 
said: "The office of Provost, on which a portion of the duties of the 
President had devolved, being discontinued, and finding the public 
duties of the Ministry unfavourable to his health, he resigned his rec 
torship, and thenceforward devoted himself to the duties of the Presi 
dency. With what zeal, fidelity, and success he laboured in this hon 
ourable career, the heartfelt regrets of many who will this day follow 
his remains to the grave, may, in part, testify ; and the future annals 
of our country, in recording, as they cannot fail to do, the talents and 
the services of some among those whom he, by precept and example, 
formed to learning, to virtue, and to truth, will confirm this testimony. 
For some few years past, the health of the late President had been 
gradually undermined; but in no respect did his zeal in the cause 
which he had so much at heart that of thorough education abate 
or tire. He lived to witness, in the establishment and complete success 
of the College Grammar School, the realization of one of his most fa 
vourite plans ; and dying, he could feel, added to those higher hopes 
which no one more justly than he might with humble confidence 
entertain that, in generations yet to come, his name would be pro 
nounced with veneration and gratitude, as the projector and chief 
founder of an institution, destined to improve and advance the dig 
nity of our common nature." 



292 



WILLIAM HARRIS 

[ REPORT ON ST. MARK'S CHURCH, NEW YORK, FROM WILLIAM HARRIS] 



S 



T . MARKS CHURCH Bowery 
Rev: Wm Harris RecJor, 

Baptisms 10 

Marriages 2 

Burials 2 

Communicants about 20 

W. HARRIS Redtor 

of St. Mark's Church. 



ANNOTATION 

St. Mark's Church in the Bowery. 

A notice of this church will be found on page 203 of Volume II. 



RICHARD BRADFORD 

RICHARD BRADFORD when a young man served under the famous 
navigator, Captain James Cook, in his voyages and explorations 
in the Pacific Ocean, from 1772 to 1779. Upon his return home he 
studied theology, and was ordained in England. It is not known if he 
held any parish before he came to the United States. He was elected 
rector of St. Luke's Church, Catskill, September 26, 1802. Under 
him the subscription for the church was commenced and the building 
completed in 1804. He resigned in 1805 and went to Canada, where 
he became missionary, under appointment of the Venerable Propaga 
tion Society, of Chatham, now the capital of Kent County, in Ontario. 
It is situated on the river Thames, sixty-seven miles southwest of Lon 
don. From 1808 to 1810 he was in charge of William Henry in the 
same neighbourhood. He returned to Chatham in 1811, where he 
died in 1816. 



[ REPORT ON ST. LUKE'S CHURCH, CATSKILL, FROM RICHARD BRADFORD ] 

ST. LUKE'S Church Catskill County of Green, erected in 
this Year 1804 by the contributions of the Inhabitants and 
the assistance of Trinity Church. No Glebe. 
Forty eight families attend divine service. 
Twenty two children have been baptised since October the 
first 1803. 

Two couple have been married and three Children buried. 
Communicants twelve. 

RICHARD BRADFORD Reftor. 



ANNOTATION 

St. Luke's Church, Catskill. 

The earliest service in the Catskill region appears to have been held 

by the Rev. Ammi Rogers. At the meeting on August 24, 1801, at 



RICHARD BRADFORD 

which Mr. Rogers presided and Abijah H. Beach was secretary, it was 
determined to organize a parish by the name of St. Luke's Church, 
Catskill. The first members of the vestry were Dr. Thomas Thomp 
son, Major Samuel Haight, wardens ; Caleb Ben ton, Jonathan Booth, 
John Andrews, John V. D. S. Scott, John Blanchard, Frederick 
Chollett, Solomon Chandler, Isaac Nichols, vestrymen. Mr. Rogers 
seems to have been placed in charge of the parish. The services were 
held in a school-house on what is now Thompson Street. There was 
then no other Church organization in the village. The Rev. Richard 
Bradford of England was elected rector September 6, 1802. In May, 
1803, a subscription was circulated and generous subscriptions were 
obtained; a lot offered by Dr. Caleb Ben ton was accepted. In 1803 
Trinity Church granted two thousand dollars to the parish, and the 
church was completed and occupied in 1804. As further aid was 
necessary, the vestry of Trinity Church took this action : 

January 12, 1804. "The Committee to whom the several Petitions 
from the Churches of Schenectady and Duanesburgh, Catskill, Troy 
and Lansingburgh were referred, reported that in their opinion a 
Donation of One thousand Dollars shall be made to the churches of 
Schenectady and Duanesburgh, and the like sum to the Church of 
Saint Luke at Catskill, which was agreed to by the Board but the 
money not to be paid before the month of June next And the Com 
mittee further reported that the Right Reverend the Rector should 
be requested to inform the members of the Church in Troy, Water- 
ford and Lansingburgh that if they could fix upon a suitable place 
for a church and give an estimate of its costs, the Vestry would again 
consider their application." [MS. Records of Trinity Church , vol. it, 
p. 141.] 

The amount promised was paid in the summer of 1804. Among the 
early members and large subscribers to the support of the Church 
were: Terrence Donelly, James Pinckney, Barent Dubois, Jacob 
Bogardus, Thomas O'Hara Croswell, Mackay Croswell, Peter Bo- 
gardus, Henry Selleck, John Doane, Nathaniel Hinman, Thomas 
Waight. Mr. Bradford resigned in 1805 and removed to Canada. 
In 1806 the Rev. John Reed became rector. He was acceptable to all 
the people of the parish, and was also a principal of the Catskill Acad 
emy. In August, 1810, he became rector of Christ Church, Pough- 
keepsie. A notice of him will be found in Volume II, page 385. From 

C 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

1810 to 1815 the parish was maintained principally by lay readers, 
although the Rev. Joseph Prentiss of Athens officiated at infrequent 
intervals. In 1815 Mr. Prentiss accepted the rectorship in connection 
with his work in Athens. For twenty years he was the faithful guide 
and friend of the people. In August, 1835, he resigned, and in Sep 
tember of the following year he met with his death as a consequence 
of the overturn of a stage-coach in the previous January. The Rev. 
Joseph F. Phillips was called as rector. On September 11, 1839, the 
church was burned to the ground by a spark from the smoke-stack 
of the planing-mill falling upon the roof. A new church, designed by 
the artist Thomas Cole, whose pictures "The Voyage of Life" are 
well known, was finished in 1841. Mr. Phillips resigned in January, 
1844, and was succeeded by the Rev. Louis L. Noble, of whom it 
has been said that * l he was for nearly ten years the genial and beloved 
pastor of St. Luke's flock. ' ' His successors have been Thomas Richey , 
afterward professor of ecclesiastical history in the General Theological 
Seminary, G. Folsom Baker, William S. Chad well, Robert Weeks, 
who developed a wide missionary circuit in the neighbourhood of the 
village, William Henry Harison, William L. Woodruff, and Elmer 
Pliny Miller, who became rector in 1892 and was in office in January, 
1912. The number of communicants, as recorded in the American 
Church Almanac for 1912, is four hundred and three. 



[ 296 



FREDERIC BEASLEY 

[ REPORT ON ST. PETER'S CHURCH, ALBANY, FROM FREDERIC BEASLEY ] 

1HAVE the pleasure to inform the convention that the con 
gregation at Albany is daily augmenting. Too high enco 
miums cannot be bestowed upon the vestry of my ch. for the 
exertions w h they have made in erecting a respectable house 
of worship & in contributing to the promotion of every use 
ful object connected with the interests of their ch. 29 dollars 
were collected on account of the Bp's fund. There are between 
70 & 80 communicants in this ch. I have baptised 60 children 
& adults during the last year. I have attended about a dozen 
funerals about twenty marriges I have attended. 

I am now collecting the materials out of wh to prepare a con 
cise history of the ch at Albany. Having few documents to wh 
I can have recourse I find it difficult to execute the task, but 
trust that, I shall be able to do so by the next meeting of the 
convention. 



ANNOTATION 

St. Peter's Church, Albany. 

Although the above report is not signed, it is all in the handwriting 
of the Rev. Frederic Beasley, for sketch of whom see Volume III, 
page 325 ; and for notice on St. Peter's Church, Albany, see Vol 
ume III, page 293. 



C 



ABRAHAM TOMLINSON 

ABRAHAM, a son of Abraham Tomlinson, was born in Derby, 
JT\. Connecticut, in 1738. He was a descendant of Henry Tomlin 
son, who came from Derbyshire, England, to Milford in 1638, where 
he had a large practice. The young Abraham studied medicine and 
located in Milford. He was a liberal and consistent Churchman. He 
was one of those who founded St. George's Church in 1764, and was 
chosen clerk of the parish May 22, 1786. The sketch of the Church 
in Milford was prepared by him and written by him, although it does 
not bear his signature. The paper is undated, but was probably drawn 
up in 1804 and sent to the vestry of Trinity Church, New York, to 
show why the aid requested was needed. At that time an effort was 
being made by the parish to secure funds for the repair of the church 
and erect a parsonage. In 1806 the legislature of the state author 
ized a lottery for the benefit of the parish. Abraham Tomlinson was 
a merchant on a large scale, sending vessels of his own to the West 
Indies and making other profitable ventures. He died in 1815. 



[REPORT ON THE CHURCH IN MILFORD, CONNECTICUT 
FROM ABRAHAM TOMLINSON ] 

A BRIEF account of the rise progress, and present State 
of Episcopal Church in Milford. 

1 764 A number of persons voluntarily entered into an agree 
ment to raise by subscription a sum for the purpose of hiring 
a person to perform divine service &c. 

M r . Richard Clark was hired, and the service was performed 
in the Townhouse at that time, there was no church to meet in 

1 765 S< George Talbot of the City of N York came to Mil- 
ford and gave encouragement if Timber could be procured 
( by donation or otherwise ) he would come forward and make 
such a donation as would enable the Church to compleat such 

C 298 ] 



ABRAHAM TOMLINSON 

a building as was then proposed ^illegible"] 50 feet long 36 feet 
wide and 20 feet high. In consequence of this encouragement 
sundry individuals made donations in Timber labour &c. mate 
rials were collected for that purpose Church officers were 
first chosen this Year. O61 1 : 8*. h 1 765 S l . George Talbot came 
to Milford to make his donation when he gave his note for 
=400 N York money, on interest. 

At the same time, Sundry Individuals, gave there bond to 
said Talbot conditioned for the payment of 28 NY money, 
annually during the natural Life of said Talbot and at his de 
cease the principal was to become the property of the Church. 

1 766 Do6l r . Samuel Johnson of Stratford took the cure of 
the Chh. 

1 767 & 1 768 Still under the cure of D"[ Johnson 

1 769 The Timber having lain till it began to decay a few 
spirited individuals undertook to frame and raise the Chh. in 
expectation that when M r . Talbots gift, should become the 
property of the Chh they should be able to com pleat it. 

1 770 in the month of June the Chh was raised. 

1771 M!i Sam 1 . Tingley (by Do6l r . Johnsons recommenda 
tion ) read prayers 

1772. The outside of the Chh. was finished covering 

1773 No new occurance worth noting 

1774. Notice of M r . Talbot's decease was announced by his 
Executor the Rev"! Jeremiah Laming of Norwalk ; and attend 
ance of the Chh Committee requested to settle the Bond when 
the amount stood as follows 

Df Bond principal 400. o Q by siding & Shingles 

Interest 165.10 37-14. 9 

565.10 Cash in 3 payments 79.13. 4 

C 2 99 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Nails 7. 5. 8 

NT Clarks bill 13. 6. 8 

Glass & paints 38. 8. 9 

M r . Limings Note 131. 2. 3 
Do6l r Kneelands D 57.15.10 
Nathan Smiths D 200. 2. 9 

1 775 in the Month of March St Georges Chh was conse 
crated, by the rev d Bela Hubbard 

1 776 Do6l r Kneeland had been for some time back officiating 
in the Chh and continued sometime after to perform divine 
service from 1776 untill 1786 seldom any assembling in 
the Chh but on the return of peace things took a more fa 
vourable turn in the spring this year 1 786 the Re d Henry 
Vandike was settled at Milford and took the cure of the Chh 
and moved away the next spring. 

1 787 the rev d J R Marshall took the cure of S^ Georgs Chh, 
in Milford & Christs Chh west Haven and went away the 
following Autumn 

1788 M r . David Belden read Prayers, but being in an ill 
state of health did not continue long 

The debts against the Chh having lain a long time and con 
stantly accumulating, and no other probable method to extin 
guish them appearing it was thought best to sell the Glebe lot 
( the gift of M": s Rebecca Allen which was then done. 

N.B. I forgot to inform you under date of 1777 that Nathan 
Smiths note was paid into Maj r David Baldwin (then one of the 
Chh wardens) in continental money in its depreciated state 
by Abraham Devanport Esq 1 : of Stamford, he the said Bald 
win not daring to receive it for fear of personal abuse, by 
which the Chh sustained a loss of more than 500 Spanish milled 

[ 300 3 



ABRAHAM TOMLINSON 



Dollars, as no workman would receive any payment in this 
money so at last it was nearly lost 



Endorsement : 

An account of the Church at Milford. 1764-88 



ANNOTATIONS 

Richard ( Samuel] Clarke. 

Richard, a son of Samuel Clarke of West Haven, and a grandson of 
Samuel Clarke of Milford, was born at West Haven in 1737. The 
family were staunch members of the Church of England. He graduated 
from Yale College in 1762, and studied theology under Dr. Samuel 
Johnson, by whom he was placed at New Milford as lay reader in 
1764. In 1765 he became lay reader at Ridgefield, Ridgbury, in Con- 
necticut,*and North Salem in New York, under the Rev. Ebenezer 
Dibblee of Stamford, Connecticut. In the autumn of 1766 he went to 
England, and was made deacon and ordained priest by the Bishop of 
London. He was licensed to officiate in the Plantations February 25, 
1767, and was appointed missionary at New Milford, Connecticut, in 
succession to the Rev. Thomas Davies, whose short and brilliant min 
istry firmly established the Church of England in Litchfield County, 
Connecticut, and in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. Mr. Clarke 
carried on the plans of his predecessor, and although there were some 
disturbances owing to the Revolution, he was able to increase the con 
gregations and found missions in various parts of the county. In 1784 
he determined to accept the offers made by the British government 
to the American clergy, and sailed for New Brunswick in company 
with the Rev. James Scovill of Waterbury, and the Rev. Samuel An 
drew of Wallingford, where he was appointed to the mission of Gage- 
town on the St. John River, twenty-five miles southeast of Frederic- 
ton. In 1786 he returned to Connecticut for his family, a wife and 
eleven children. G. Herbert Lee, in his "Church of New England in 
New Brunswick," says on page 94 : 

" In the first year of his labours Mr. Clarke made many visits to 
King's as well as Queen's County. Owing to the people being ' much 

C 301 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

scattered about and the Lord's Day greatly neglected,' Mr. Clarke 
found much difficulty in getting parents to bring their children to 
him for baptism. During the year ending midsummer, 1788, he bap 
tised 68 white and two black infants, and two adults; buried five 
persons and married three couple. A Church and School were built 
at Gagetown in 1790. In 1795 Mr. Clarke's Mission embraced four 
Parishes Gagetown, Waterborough, (on the opposite side of the 
river) including Grand Lake, Hampstead and Wickham. He visited 
frequently the three last Parishes on Sundays, but preached about 
one-fifth of his time on Long Island, that place being most favour 
ably situated for the people of Hampstead and Wickham. During 
most of the time that he held the position of missionary at Gagetown 
Mr. Clarke received no assistance from the people, but he did his 
work cheerfully, delighted to observe the increasing attention of his 
congregation to the duty of public worship. Mr. Clarke's salary from 
the S. P. G. was the same as that of Mr. Scovil, 50 stg. per an 



num." 



The death of his eldest daughter and a grandson in a fire which 
burned the rectory about 1810 so affected his health that he removed 
to St. Stephen in Charlotte County, at the entrance of Deny's River 
into the St. Croix and opposite Calais, Maine. Mr. Clarke continued 
his work until he was more than four-score years old. He died October 
7, 1824, in the eighty-seventh year of his age and the fifty-seventh 
year of his ministry. Upon his tombstone it is recorded that he was 
the oldest missionary in the present British colonies. His wife Rebecca 
died at St. Stephen in 1816, and his only surviving daughter, Mary 
Anne, died at Gagetown in February, 1844. A son, the Rev. Samuel 
R. Clarke, was incumbent of Gagetown for thirty years, where he died 
in August, 1841. 

St. George Talbot. 

A notice of Mr. Talbot will be found on page 45. 

Samuel Johnson. 

A notice of Dr. Johnson will be found in Volume III, page 528. 

Samuel Tingley. 

Samuel Tingley was born in or near the city of New York in 1745. 

C 302 ] 



ABRAHAM TOMLINSON 

He appears to have been educated privately, possibly under Dr. 
Samuel Johnson, when at King's College. In 1771 he became lay 
reader at Milford, Connecticut, where he continued until he sailed for 
England in 1773. He was made deacon and ordained priest by the 
Rt. Rev. Dr. Terrick, Bishop of London, or a Bishop acting for him, 
in the spring of 1773. His license to officiate in the Plantations is 
dated March 8 of the same year. It is noted that he was appointed 
to St. John's Church, New Jersey. The Rev. Dr. Thomas Bradbury 
Chandler had then been the beloved rector since 1751. It may be that 
he desired an assistant, for he had an extensive missionary circuit. 
Mr. Tingley's sojourn in New Jersey was short, as the Rev. James 
Lyon, in a letter from Sussex, Delaware, dated November 22, 1773, 
says : " When I took my leave of them, they still preserved their Reso 
lution to use their utmost efforts to repair an old Church, for the pur 
poses of public worship, as Mr. Tingley is daily expected to be here 
and wait with them to know the Society's Pleasure, meanwhile doing 
the duty of the Parish." \Perry' 1 s Historical Collections of the Church 
in Delaware, p. 127.] 

Soon after Mr. Tingley was given formally by the Venerable Society 
the charge of Sussex County, then in the lower counties of Pennsyl 
vania, now in Delaware. The following interesting letter to the So 
ciety, written from New York, March 5, 1782, is recorded in Perry's 
"Historical Collections of the Church in Delaware," page 134. It 
gives a graphic account of his persecutions and abundant labours : 

REVEREND SIR, 

DURING the whole of the late scene of Confusion (I may say present, 
tho' with us, it is in a much less distressing degree than formerly), the 
members of the Church in my Mission have proved loyal, excepting 
a few families, who, tho' they always professed themselves Church 
men, have proved that their principles &c professions were not uni 
sons; or, in other words (if not too Ironical), that they are Church 
men by profession, but Presbyterians by trade, i.e., no friends to 
Church & state, because their ambitious views could not be gratified 
in either. And tho' those of this stamp joined with the hot-brained 
Zealots among the Presbyterians who have almost all, without ex 
ception, proved fiery advocates for independency, I have, nevertheless 
(under the protection of a never-failing God), amidst threats & ill 

C 303 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

treatment, persevered in the discharge of my Duty. Even in the great 
est fury of the Political storm, the Churches were kept open, & I have 
preached. After the Declaration of Independency, I could not, with 
safety either to myself, family or hearers, be explicit in the prayers 
for the King (whom God preserve & crown with success) ; & not hav 
ing it in my power to consult any of my Elder Bretheren, in whose 
principles I could confide or be influenced by (as most of those in Phila 
delphia were, to my astonishment, too Zealous in promoting the con 
trary to what appears to me must necessarily be interwoven with the 
Heart, Soul, & Mind of a Churchman may the cloak of Charity 
hide it from future ages! and as their tryals have probably been greater 
than mine, in the Spirit of tenderness &. compassion, I would say, tell 
it not in Gath), I was therefore left to my own prudence, & the con 
duct of Heaven, by which I believe I was directed to adopt the follow 
ing words in prayer (for they occurred to me at that trying moment), 
well knowing that if I was prevented from preaching, the flock would 
unavoidably be scattered. Instead, therefore, of saying, as we are di 
rected, O Lord, save the King, I said, O Lord, save those whom thou 
hast made it our special Duty to pray for. We were surrounded by 
armed men, who had thrown out severe threats. In so critical a situa 
tion, what other could I have done? as I was determined, by all possi 
ble prudential means, to avoid the distress of being precluded from the 
use of the Churches ; well knowing that if they were once shut against 
us, we could not recover them, but under the most humiliating &. dis 
honorable Condescensions. 

In the Litany, instead of these words, "Thy servant, George, our 
most Gracious King & Governor, ' ' I said, ' ' Those whom Thou hast 
"set in authority over us, &. grant that, under their administration, 
"we may lead quiet & peaceable Lives, in all godliness & honesty." 
In which Words I included all other Petitions to that for Bishops, 
Priests, and Deacons. In this way I have persevered ever since the 
Society last heard from me, to the comfort of all the Sincere & up 
right who praise God, that, tho' we cannot consistent with safety be 
so explicit in those parts of the Service already mentioned, as we could 
wish, can at the same time appeal to the Great Searcher of hearts for 
the integrity of our meaning. Since my coming here, I have been in 
formed that, upon request of advice from London, in this Case, from 
several Missionaries in these parts, directions have been received that 

[ 304 1 



ABRAHAM TOMLINSON 

my manner nearly accords with ; with this difference, that only the 
Petition for Magistrates may prudently be used, with omission of those 
I have used; but as I have so long continued it, upon advice (as our 
meaning is the same), lest it should occasion any Evil surmises from 
our Enemies, who will be too apt to suspect the worst, upon my return, 
as I have been thought too much their Enemy to be trusted in this 
City, conclude that the same prudential necessity urges a continu 
ance of the same Words, till, by degrees, I can safely adopt the above 
manner, with my Bretheren, without the lines in this vicinity. 

I flatter myself that, as my sincere aim is to promote the Societie's 
pious design, the Glory of God & the Good of Mankind, that what 
I have done in so extraordinary a time of difficulty and distress, will 
not fail of their approbation. I have the satisfaction of frequently hear 
ing the most loyal and pious among us declare that my Conduct, 
in so dangerous an Emergency, has, under the Blessing of Heaven, 
greatly and visibly contributed to the Comfort and Establishment 
of the Members (with the few Exceptions above mentioned) of my 
Mission, in their Loyalty. I am confident it will prove undeniably 
true that those who are Churchmen from principle, and consequently 
admire and adhere to its constitution, and devoutly attend the due ad 
ministration of its sacred offices, will ever be found the best friends 
to that of the state, with which it is so intimately connected, and to 
which they may at all times look, both for support and protection. 

My difficulties and sufferings have been many and great. A particular 
detail of them would be tedious to the Society (as they have received 
many of a similar nature from others), and extremely painful in the 
recollection to myself. I shall, therefore, in enumerating, be as brief 
as possible. I was plundered of many Comforts, sent by my Relations 
from this City, at a time when they were not to be purchased in that 
part of the Country where I reside. What added weight to the Afflic 
tion was the Charge of an ancient mother, a very sickly wife, and two 
small Children, to whom things sent would have been particularly 
refreshing ; and for whose sakes I earnestly requested. After being 
vilely treated, by sending Soldiers to" surround & search my House for 
Letters respecting their state, with cursing, and swearing I should 
be hung on one of the highest Trees near the house, they cruelly and 
despightfully refused the smallest of the necessaries sent, even tho' 
my weak and dying wife begged a small part of them as a medicine. 

C 305 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

My heart feels much more than I can describe, at the painful re 
membrance ; and my Consolation, for better than three years past, has 
been in the hopeful persuasion that both my wife and mother have 
entered into that peaceful Kingdom where the wicked ever cease from 
troubling, and the weary enjoy everlasting rest. 

After their Death, I was almost daily employed in travelling and 
preaching about the County which bounds my Mission, and some 
times, by special invitation, in the nearest parts of Maryland ; and to 
the utmost of my power, confirming and strengthening the Bretheren. 
In doing of which, I have travelled at least three thousand miles a year. 
Notwithstanding my frequent preaching, what with the well known 
backwardness of People in general in this Country, in contributing, 
according to their ability, for the decent support of Ministers ; The 
necessity of the times, which pleads guilty in their Excuse for the non- 
compliance in full with the Society's Conditions to their Missionaries, 
with the rapid depreciation of the paper Currency, the only money 
in circulation till within a year past. I have been so distressed in my 
Circumstances as almost, without an exagerating figure, to say I had 
scarce bread to eat or raiment to put on, especially the latter, as they 
were not to be purchased but at a much higher price than I could 
spare money from the necessities of my family, to procure for myself. 
I bless God for the Ease and tranquility of mind I once more experi 
ence in the Assurance of redress from my long endured Griefs, from 
the Society's Bounty, which I shall now draw for. The Expectation 
of receiving it, whenever I should get here, has been the chief sup 
port of my spirits, under the mortifying reflection that I have been 
constrained to be under Obligations to several persons in my Mission, 
who, tho' they are my real Friends, has been great cause of uneasi 
ness to me. In this hope, I enjoy unspeakable Consolation. 

From what I have already offered, the Society will not be surprised 
at not hearing from me in the long space of six years, as I could not 
obtain permission to travel to this City; which will be still less so, 
when I inform them that I have even been refused the small satisfac 
tion of seeing Prisoners brought into the County where I reside, who 
were acquainted with my relations in this City. Two years ago, they 
plotted against and designed to injure me, when it was reported, and 
they expected, I was come to this City. I both desired and designed 
it, provided I could do it with safety, but I was disappointed. The 

[ 306 ] 



ABRAHAM TOMLINSON 

good providence of my God watched over me, and again disappointed 
their malicious designs. The same tender Goodness has, when I al 
most despaired of soon seeing my native place, unexpectedly raised up 
a Friend, who procured a permit to come hither and return, unmo 
lested from all persons, whatsoever, as far as his authority extends, 
from Mr. John Dickinson, lately chosen Governor of that part of Pen- 
sylvania formerly distinguished by the Counties of Newcastle, Kent, 
and Sussex, But now called the Delaware State. 

As soon as I received it I immediately set off, tho' this Season the 
month of February has proved very inclement weather, more so than 
has been known for years past, and the Roads extremely bad ; after 
nine days' tiresome journey I reached Elizabeth Town, and two days 
after, this City, to my own unutterable pleasure, and surprise and joy 
of my few surviving relations, and remaining Loyal Friends and Citi 
zens. I have been here sixteen days, in which time I have procured, 
what I have long greatly wanted suitable Clothing; and, in a few 
days more, purpose to return to my Mission and family, where I am 
determined to continue thro' divine aid in the discharge of my Duty, 
rendered more easy and desirable than some years past, as that vio 
lence of Spirit and consequent Conduct, which too long and destruc 
tively prevailed, has, in some measure, subsided, Either from a con 
viction of its unreasonableness in the perpetrators, or the more than 
ordinary effusion of overpowering restraining Grace ; so that, for better 
than a year past, we have enjoyed a tolerable degree of Quiet, and the 
Churches duly attended. 

As myself and family have, & some of them still do, greatly suffer 
from the ague and fever, to which the Inhabitants of Sussex County 
is but too subject in the fall of the year, should the tender mercy of 
our God restore our former happy days, I would beg the favor of the 
Society, If any of their missions near New York, my native, health 
ful Air, be vacant, To inform me of it, with the indulgence of Leave 
to remove thither. 

As I was apprehensive that some evil-minded persons, upon hear 
ing of my having permission to come here, might endeavour to pre 
vent it, I came away with so much Celerity as not to have time to 
consult the Registers of the different Churches in the Mission, so that it 
is not at present in my power to be as particular in my account as the 
Society requires in their abstract. With regard to Baptizms, there 

C 307 1 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

have been several thousand since I wrote last, among which were 
many Blacks from sixty years to two months old. 

This account may seem extraordinary to those who are unacquainted 
with the situation of that part of the country ; not one Clergyman of the 
Church that officiated for a hundred miles in length except myself. 
For which reason, whenever I preached for the purpose of giving an 
opportunity to parents to present their little ones to the Lord, it will not 
be thought strange that I have baptized from 20, 40, to 50 at one time. 

Those who for some time have been deprived of the means of Grace 
near them, have rode many miles and attended with great serious 
ness and devotion, blessing and praising God for the opportunity of 
again worshiping him agreeable to the Order of their own Church, 
crowding with eager delight to offer their heritage and gift that com- 
eth of the Lord, to him in the Laver of regeneration. 

I have, moreover, had to encounter for three years past with the 
enthusiastic notions of Ignorant methodists and anabaptists, some of 
whose absurdities has as direct a tendency to overturn all order and 
decency in the Church, as the base principles and practices of those 
who call themselves Whigs (a soft Term for rebels) have in the state. 

From these, with every other evil both civil and Religious, who can 
withhold a commiserating tear; while, according to their different 
stations in Life, they diligently exert those abilities they are endued 
with, to Glorify the Grand source of truth, peace and order, in pro 
moting the real good of their fellow men, among whom we discover 
so many deplorably deluded unhappy Creatures, who can forbear fre 
quently imploring with renewed Ardour ; How Long, O Lord ! Holy 
and True, ere the mists of Error in Religion, and the Fog of Political 
darkness and delusion shall be entirely done away ! That it may be 
speedy, must be the fervent wish and prayer of every sincere Chris 
tian. That God would give Peace in our time, that we may rejoice in 
the felicity of his Chosen ; once more feel the Salutary effects of Order 
and Good Governm 1 both in Church and State, to our at present un 
happy Country, cannot fail of being the daily devout prayer of every 
unfeigned member of our truly Apostolic Church, and tho' it may be 
feebler, yet in none more sincere than, rev d Sir, 

The Societies & your most obedient & very 

humble servant, 

SAMUEL TINGLEY. 
C 308 ] 



ABRAHAM TOMLINSON 

In 1783 Mr. Tingley became rector of Somerset parish, Somerset 
County, Maryland. In 1785 he removed to Coventry in the same 
county, where he remained until 1796, and then went to Stepney in 
Somerset County and took charge of an academy at Salisbury. In 1 798 
he was made rector of Worcester parish, Worcester County. He was 
chosen three times as a member of the Standing Committee of the 
diocese, and had the esteem and respect of his brethren. He died in 
the fifty-sixth year of his age and twenty-eighth of his ministry. 

Jeremiah Learning. 

Jeremiah, a son of Jeremiah and Abigail (Turner) Learning, was born 
at Durham, Connecticut, near the Middletown line, in May, 1717. 
His grandfather, Christopher Learning, with his wife Esther, a mem 
ber of the Burnett family, had removed to Middletown, where he pur 
chased a farm. Jeremiah's father was a farmer, and a strict Congre- 
gationalist. The boy, however, found time for study in the intervals 
of farm work, and entered Yale College, where he graduated in 1745. 
He had conformed to the Church of England while in college, and 
commenced a course in theology under Dr. Samuel Johnson. Upon 
the removal of the Rev. Richard Caner from St. Paul's, Norwalk, to 
St. Andrew's, Staten Island, in October, 1745, Mr. Learning became 
in December of that year lay reader at Norwalk on the recommenda 
tion of the Rev. Henry Caner of King's Chapel, Boston. He acquitted 
himself so well that the people of Norwalk were desirous of having him 
remain with them when ordained. A legacy left by Nathaniel Kay, 
collector of his Majesty's customs for Rhode Island, to establish a 
parish school in Trinity Parish, Newport, caused the wardens and 
vestry of that Church to ask the Venerable Society in 1746 to appoint 
a suitable person to be both schoolmaster and assistant to the Rev. 
Mr. Honyman, who had been the rector for more than forty years. 
The Society authorized the Rev. Dr. Johnson to choose from the young 
gentlemen educated at New Haven, one best fitted to the position. Dr. 
Johnson selected Mr. Learning, who sailed for England in Decem 
ber, 1747. The churchwardens of Norwalk, in a letter to the Vener 
able Society, dated March 5, 1748, say: 

"For his service in the Church we paid him more than twenty 
pounds sterling per annum and the Church has increased even to the 
number of one hundred and five families, which exceeds the number 

C 309 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

of any other Church in the government except the Church in Strat 
ford." [Hawks and Perry, Connecticut Church Documents, p. 238.] 

Mr. Learning was made deacon by the Rt. Rev. John Gilbert, Bishop 
of Llandaff, June 5, 1748, and ordained priest by the Rt. Rev. Dr. 
Benjamin Hoadly, Bishop of Winchester, June 19, 1748. 

He was licensed to officiate in the Plantations June 21, 1748, and 
entered upon his duties at Newport in the fall. Upon the death of 
Mr. Honyman in 1750, he took charge of the parish for four years, 
until the arrival of the Rev. Thomas Pollen in May, 1754. In Janu 
ary, 1758, a month after the death of the Rev. Dr. James MacSpar- 
ran, rector of St. Paul's, Narragansett, he was invited by the vestry to 
become their rector upon the approval of the Venerable Society. In a 
letter to the Society written from Narragansett, January 27, 1758, the 
wardens, John Case and John Gardiner, after mentioning the provi 
sion of a house and glebe and the bond signed by the principal men of 
the parish, obliging themselves to pay twenty pounds sterling annually 
for the minister's salary, say : ' ' The Parish have more cheerfully con 
tributed to make this Provision, in hopes ye Society will indulge them 
in the appointment of Mr. Learning, of Newport, to this cure, who 
is universally acceptable to this People ; and from whom they expect 
all the advantages of a Pious and Worthy Pastor. We do therefore for 
our-Selves, and at the Request of all the Parish, most Humbly Beg the 
Society would approve Mr. Learning to this Mission . " [ Updike's His 
tory of the Narragansett Church, vol. i, p. 306.] Whether the Society 
had already acted upon the vacancy before the warden's letter reached 
them does not appear. The new rector of St. Paul's was the Rev. 
Samuel Fayerweather of South Carolina, who was a native of New 
England/Mr. Learning soon after returned to his native state, and 
became rector of St. Paul's Church, Norwalk. The same regard and 
affection were his as when, ten years before, he had been lay reader. 
Under him the Church prospered, with a large increase in the attend 
ance and communicants. In 1761 Mr. Learning informed the Society 
that the church at Norwalk was finished and a bell of six hundred 
pounds weight hung in the tower. He had also "taken care of Ridge- 
field sixteen miles from this place ; the number of heads of families 
is eighty-seven, who entreat the Society to allow them a Mission of 
20 per annum, and they will bind themselves to raise an addition 
sufficient to support a Missionary, if the Society think proper to do 

310 



ABRAHAM TOMLINSON 

so. I shall gladly relinquish the ministerial rates of that parish, which 
now belong to me, as it will advance the Church of Christ ; I hope 
and beg it may be done." He also alludes to the many divisions there 
were in religion among "those who do not join in our communion." 
He tersely says: "Some run wild with enthusiasm, while others to 
avoid that extreme run into another as bad or worse." In a letter of 
1763 the rector of Norwalk urges the necessity of some provision for 
the support of the Church in Connecticut. He fears that without it 
"there will be no religion here in the next generation," and adds: 
"In order that it might be supported in the purity of it, there is much 
need of a Bishop to confirm, ordain and govern, Everybody wants 
a head, and when we have one, may we have a sound head and a reli 
gious heart." In 1775 he thus alludes to the political condition of the 
colony : 

"I have the satisfaction to assure the Society, that Missionaries being 
placed in this colony, is not only very serviceable in a religious, but 
in a civil sense. In the north-east part of this colony there have been 
most rebellious outrages committed, on account of the Stamp-Act, 
while those towns where the Church has got footing have calmly 
submitted to the civil authority. This has been remarked, and by 
the dissenters themselves, to the honor of the Church. It is said that 
Mayhew, the day before the mob pulled down the Deputy -Governor's 
house, preached sedition from these words : / would they -were even cut 
off that trouble you. He has abused the Church with impunity, and per 
haps he thinks he may escape in abusing the State also." [Beards- 
ley* s Church in Connecticut, p. 241.] 

Like other missionaries, Mr. Learning was constantly warning the 
authorities in England of the serious trouble that neglect of atten 
tion to the affairs of the Church in America would bring to the mother 
country. "If the Church is neglected at this Juncture America is to 
tally ruined ; and those of us who have been faithful to give notice of 
the true state of affairs will be the first victims that will fall in the sad 
Catastrophe." When the Revolution finally broke out Mr. Learning 
still continued to adhere fearlessly to his convictions of right and duty, 
although many of his parishioners were on the other side. He was per 
secuted and wantonly abused by a gang of pretended Sons of Lib 
erty. The Rev. Dr. Eben E. Beardsley, in his "History of the Church 
in Connecticut," says on page 316 : 

C 311 -\ 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

"Mr. Learning of Norwalk, quiet in his manners, and inoffensive, 
except that he wielded a vigorous pen and adhered unflinchingly to 
his loyal principles, was the victim of an outrage even more atrocious 
than this. The Sons of Liberty, as the patriots termed themselves, 
in the present instance a lawless mob, entered the parsonage, took 
his picture from the wall, carried it forth, and added to other insults 
that of ' defacing and nailing it to a sign-post with the head down 
ward.' Not satisfied with this indignity, they afterwards seized him 
and lodged him in jail as a Tory, where he was denied the usual com 
forts of a bed, a species of personal abuse which he could never 
forget, since it brought on a hip complaint that made him a cripple 
for life." 

Friends as well as foes did him injury, as Dr. Learning himself 
records in a letter to the Venerable Society written from New York 
City, July 29, 1779: 

"On the llth inst., [12th,] by the unavoidable event of the opera 
tion of His Majesty's troops under the command of General Tryon, 
my church, and great part of my parish, were laid in ashes, by which 
I have lost everything I had there, my furniture, books, and all my 
papers, even my apparel, except what was on my back. My loss on 
that fatal day was not less than 1200 or 1300 sterling. Although 
in great danger, my life has been preserved, and I hope I shall never 
forget the kind providence of God in that trying hour. In this situ 
ation I was brought by His Majesty's troops to this city, at which 
I shall, with the greatest pleasure, obey the Society's commands." 
\Beardsleifs Church in Connecticut, p. 328.] 

Mr. Learning remained in New York with many other clergymen 
who would not violate their solemn oaths. They were without means 
of support, for even if they had property, it had been confiscated. They 
were kept from actual starvation by a subscription raised in England 
for their maintenance, and this was supplemented by their missionary 
stipends, which were, however, irregularly transmitted, and even then 
subject to seizure by American privateers. Mr. Learning appears to 
have preached frequently in St. Paul's and St. George's Chapels, and 
taken his turn in officiating, in a room set apart in the City Hall for 
Sunday services, for the many loyalist Churchmen then in New York. 

Upon the Feast of the Annunciation, March 25, 1783, ten of the four 
teen clergymen left in Connecticut met in the glebe house at Wood- 

[ 312 ] 



ABRAHAM TOMLINSON 

bury to consider the condition of the Church in the state, and take 
measures to obtain an Episcopal head. They were men who had been 
pleading in vain for a colonial Episcopate ; now that they were inde 
pendent, they determined to have a Bishop "to confirm some, ordain 
others, and bless all." There was no formal election. The Rev. Abra 
ham Jarvis of Middletown, the secretary, was authorized to proceed 
to New York City and request Mr. Learning, "to whom the eyes of 
all instinctively turned," to make the voyage to England, requesting 
from the English Bishops the consecration of a Bishop for Connecti 
cut. Should he decline, Mr. Jarvis, after consultation with the clergy 
of New York, was to make the same request of the Rev. Samuel Sea- 
bury. The cruel treatment Mr. Learning had received at Norwalk un 
fitted him for active work, and he felt compelled to decline the honour 
offered by his brethren. In the same year he became rector of Christ 
Church, Stratford, where he did noble service for seven years. Mr. 
Learning was president of the Convention at Middletown, August 2, 
1785, which welcomed and recognized Bishop Seabury, and preached 
the sermon on that occasion. In the unsettled condition of the Church 
in America, when Churchmen to the southward were chary of accept 
ing Bishop Seabury, since he had been consecrated by the non-juring 
Bishops in Scotland, it was determined at a Convention held at Wal- 
lingford, February 27, 1787, to send a priest to Scotland for consecra 
tion, that the succession might be properly maintained in New Eng 
land and the Church preserved from erroneous and strange doctrines. 
Again his brethren chose Jeremiah Learning, who once more refused. 
Happily the expedient of a Scottish succession proved unnecessary. 
Mr. Learning had been one of the first to see the danger in the plan 
proposed by Dr. White in his "Case of the Episcopal Churches Con 
sidered," and had a correspondence with him on the subject. Dr. 
Learning gave up parochial work in 1790, and lived for some years 
in New York City, but afterward removed to New Haven, where he 
made his home with Mrs. James A. Hillhouse. He had become feeble 
and totally blind. He died at her house, September 15, 1804, in the 
eighty-seventh year of his age and the fifty-sixth of his ministry. He 
is justly regarded as one of those to whom the American Church 
owes honours as a defender of the faith and as a noble confessor. Dr. 

Learning married twice. His first wife was Ann , who died at 

Newport, July 22, 1752. In 1755 he married Elizabeth Peck of New 

[ 313 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

York City. No children survived him. On page 130 of volume v of 
Sprague's "Annals" will be found a description of Dr. Learning's 
last illness and of his burial, from the pen of Miss Mary L. Hillhouse : 
"I knew Dr. Learning in the last stages of life. He rises to my mind, 
the very ideal of age and decrepitude a small, emaciated old man, 
very lame, his ashen and withered features surmounted sometimes by 
a cap, and sometimes by a small wig always quiet and gentle in his 
manner, and uniformly kind and inoffensive. His mind had evidendy 
suffered an eclipse before I knew him. His wife had been a friend 
of my Aunt Hillhouse, and was one of the heirs of the Peck Slip 
estate, in the city of New York. The wife of Bishop Jarvis was a niece 
of Mrs. Learning, and the fortune, at the decease of Dr. Learning, 
went to her son, the late Dr. Samuel Farmar Jarvis. 

"Dr. Learning spent his last years in my aunt's family. He requested 
it as a favour that she would receive him on the score of old friendship. 
I believe his ultra loyalty was requited by some disgraceful outbreaks 
of the ultra republican mob in Revolutionary times ; but I know no 
particulars. He said little ; spent most of his time in his own room, and 
never entertained his younger auditors with stirring tales of his earlier 
manhood. He is buried in the lot owned by the Episcopal Church in 
the New Haven burying-ground. 

' The following is the epitaph upon his tombstone : ' Here rest the 
remains of the Rev. Jeremiah Learning, D.D., long a faithful min 
ister of the Gospel in the Episcopal Church ; well instructed, especially 
in his holy office ; unremitting in his labours ; charitably patient and 
of primitive meekness. His public discourses forcibly inculcated the 
faith illustrated by his practice. Respected, revered, and beloved in 
life, and lamented in death, he departed hence, September 15, 1804, 
JEt. 87.'" 

Dr. Learning published : 

Defence of the Episcopal Government of the Church. 1766 
A second Defence of the Episcopal Government of the Church, in 

answer to Noah Welles. 1770 

The True Christian's Support under Affliction. A sermon preached 
at Christ's Church, Stratford, January 9, 1772, at the Funeral of 
the Rev. Samuel Johnson, D.D. New Haven, 1772 
The Evidence for the Truth of Christianity made Plain, from Mat 
ters of Fact. In a Sermon preached at Norw^alk, January 28th, 

L 314 3 



ABRAHAM TOMLINSON 

1770, and at Trinity Church in the city of New York, July 5th, 
1772. New York, 1772. Second Edition, 1785 

A sermon at Middletown, before the Convention of the Clergy of the 
Episcopal Church of Connecticut, August 3, 1785 

Dissertations on various Subjects, which may be well worth the at 
tention of every Christian. 1789 

Ebenezer Kneeland. 

Ebenezer, a son of Joseph and Lydia Kneeland, was born in that part 
of Middletown lying east of the Connecticut River, now Portland, 
Connecticut. His father died while he was in his sophomore year at 
Yale College, and his mother's second husband during his junior 
year. He graduated in 1761, and was appointed, in 1762, as catechist 
at St. George's Church, Flushing, under the Rev. Samuel Seabury. 
He received a stipend of ten pounds a year from the Venerable So 
ciety, as noted in the Journals of the Society, for which he returned 
thanks April 10, 1763, "and hopes so to grow in the knowledge and 
fear of the Lord, as to be thought worthy (when of suitable age) to be 
employed in the great work of the ministry under the direction of 
the Society." In 1764 he was transferred to St. John's Church, Hunt- 
ington, where he remained for two years. He went to England, and 
was made deacon and ordained priest. He then received an appoint 
ment as chaplain in the army. In the fall of 1767 Mr. Kneeland vis 
ited Stratford during a leave of absence. Both Dr. Johnson and the 
people of the congregation were charmed with him. Dr. Johnson in 
January, 1768, wrote to his son, Dr. William Samuel Johnson, then 
in London, as the agent of Connecticut : "Mr. Kneeland, whom I 
much like, is here until March, and nearly adored : the people have 
subscribed 30 pounds per annum and he has agreed to quit his regi 
ment and come next summer." \Beardsley 1 s Life of SamuelJohnson, 
p. 334.] 

Mr. Kneeland proved himself a genial friend to every one, and the 
venerable scholar relied upon him for the greater part of the work 
in the parish. In October, 1769, he married Charity, the daughter of 
Dr. William Samuel Johnson. Upon the death of Dr. Johnson, Jan 
uary 6, 1772, Mr. Kneeland succeeded to the rectorship. When the 
Revolution commenced Mr. Kneeland was looked upon with suspi 
cion by the republicans. Finally he was confined within the limits of 

C 315 n 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

the town, and then to his own house. The indignity and actual in 
juries he received affected his health, and he died in April, 1777, the 
prisoner of the Committee of Safety. His wife survived him. They 
had no children. 

Nathaniel Smith. 

Nathaniel Smith was a well-known resident of Stamford, Connecticut. 

Bela Hubbard. 

See sketch preceding his letter of August 20, 1808. 

Henry Vandyke. 

For notice see Volume III, page 76. 

John Rutgers Marshall. 

John Rutgers, a son of John and Elsie (Rutgers) Marshall, was born 
in New York City in 1744. His paternal grandfather was Edward 
Marshall, from Barbados, who died in New York City, and was buried 
in 1704 in a vault in Trinity Church-yard. Upon his mother's side, 
through her father, John Rutgers, his descent is traced from Anthony 
de Hooges, Jueriaen Blanck, Anthony Rutgers, and other early settlers 
of New Amsterdam. He was carefully educated by his father, who 
was a wealthy West India merchant, with a house in Hanover Square 
on the site of the present Cotton Exchange. It is traditional that he 
was prepared for college under the celebrated Dr. Bellamy, the Con 
gregational minister of Bethlehem, Connecticut. Before proceeding to 
college he became a merchant in Stratford, Connecticut, and while 
there he conformed to the Church of England, for the family in New 
York attended the old Dutch Church on Garden Street. He pur 
sued a course in theology under the Rev. Dr. Samuel Johnson at 
Stratford, and also became a member of the class of 1770 in King's 
College (now Columbia University), New York City, from which he 
graduated with the degree of bachelor of arts. In 1771 he went to 
England, where he was cordially received by Dr. Terrick, Bishop of 
London. He took the prescribed studies in divinity, as did other can 
didates from the colonies. He was made deacon by the Rt. Rev. Dr. 
Terrick in the Chapel of Fulham Palace, London, on St. James's Day, 
July 25, 1771, and priest on Sunday, July 28, 1771, by the same 

I 316 ] 



ABRAHAM TOMLINSON 

Bishop. His letters of Orders are still preserved by the family. As few 
such documents are now available, a copy of his letters of Orders as 
priest is given : 

Be it known unto all men by these presents, that We, Richard, by 
divine permission Bishop of London holding by the assistance of Al 
mighty God a Special Ordination on Sunday the Twenty eighth day 
of July in the Year of our Lord OneThousand Seven Hundred and Sev 
enty One, in the Chapel of our palace at Fulham in the County of Mid 
dlesex, did admit our beloved in Christ John Rutgers Marshall A. B. 
of Kings College in New York (of whose virtuous and pious Life and 
Conversation and Competent Learning and Knowledge in the Holy 
Scriptures, We were well-assured) into the holy Order of Priests ac 
cording to the manner and form prescribed and used by the Church 
of England and him, the said John Rutgers Marshall did then and 
there rightly and canonically Ordain a Priest. He having first in Our 
presence and in due form of Law taken the Oaths appointed by Law 
to be taken for and instead of the Oath of Supremacy and he likewise 
having freely and voluntarily subscribed to the thirty-nine Articles of 
Religion and to the three Articles contained in the thirty-sixth Canon. 
In testimony whereof We have caused our Episcopal Seal to be 
hereunto affixed. Dated the day and year above written and in the 
Eighth Year of our Translation. 

MARK HOLMAN Dep y. Regt. 
Ric : LONDON. 

Upon the same day he made this promise of conformity : 

I, John Rutgers Marshall do declare that I will conform to the Liturgy 
of the Church of England as it is now by Law established. 

[Signed.] JOHN RUTGERS MARSHALL. 

This Declaration was made and subscribed before Us by the said 
John Rutgers Marshall Clerk A. B. upon his being by Us, Licensed 
to perform the Ministerial Office of a Priest at Woodbury or elsewhere 
within the Province of Connecticutt in North America. 

In witness whereof We have caused our Seal, which in this case We 
use to be hereto affixed, Dated the Twenty Eighth Day of July in the 
Year of our Lord One thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy One and 
in the Eighth Year of our Translation. 

C 317 1 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

He was then duly licensed * ' to perform the office of a minister or priest 
at Woodbury , or elsewhere within the province of Connecticutt in North 
America." Mr. Marshall received no stipend from the Venerable So 
ciety, as it was unwilling at that time to open new missions in New 
England. The minister of Woodbury was ready to serve for the small 
stipend which the people could give. In 1740 the services of the Church 
had been commenced in that part of Woodbury now Roxbury, by the 
Rev. John Beach. The services were held in private houses. Captain 
Jehiel Hawley was appointed reader, and conducted the services for 
many years whenever a clergyman could not come. The Rev. Solo 
mon Palmer and the Rev. Thomas Davies of New Milford officiated at 
regular intervals from 1754 to 1764. Achurch was built about 1764, to 
which the Churchmen in other parts of the town went until they were 
given the use of the old meeting-house of the Congregational Society, 
which after 1747 became the town hall. The Rev. Mr. Davies and the 
Rev. Richard Clarke and others officiated occasionally in Woodbury 
until the arrival of Mr. Marshall. His work was commenced under dif 
ficulties, for great bitterness against Churchmen had been aroused by 
the recent discussion upon an American Episcopate. Mr. Marshall's 
manly bearing, uncompromising loyalty to the Church doctrine, de 
votion to duty, and cheerful sociable disposition soon overcame the pre 
judices of many. He was trusted by his brethren, and was regarded 
as one whose judgement was sound and practical. One of his earliest 
efforts for the parish was the purchase of a glebe and erection of a house, 
toward which he made a generous subscription, and gathered money 
for it from friends as well as from members of the parish. In his ser 
mon during the commemoration of the one hundred and twenty-fifth 
anniversary of the opening of St. Paul's Church, Woodbury, Oc 
tober 15, 1911, the Rev. Dr. Samuel Hart said of the experience of 
Mr. Marshall in the Revolutionary period: 

' ' No other of them all suffered as much or as persistently for allegi 
ance to the English Church and the British Crown as did he ; one does 
not care now to tell the story in detail, but it is not fair to him or to 
the cause which he represented to conceal the fact that there is in our 
history such a chapter of suffering and shame. Twice he was dragged 
by force from his pulpit, and twice he was beaten and left for dead 
by the roadside. The strength of his congregation may be inferred 
from the fact that there were seventy subscribers for the purchase of 

C 318 ] 



ABRAHAM TOMLINSON 

a glebe, on which he erected a good sized and dignified house ; in it 
he lived for some fourteen years, and in its secret passages and rooms 
he hid himself from his persecutors, at one time for six weeks in the 
daytime." 

It was in the glebe house that the Connecticut clergy met on the Feast 
of the Annunciation, 1783. Dr. Hart says : 

"But Mr. Marshall was still living in the glebe-house, and the old 
meeting house turned into a town-house was still the place of worship 
for his congregation, when in 1783 occurred the most important event 
in the history of this parish and (I venture to say) of this town. The 
war of the Revolution had not formally come to an end ; and in fact 
it was still eight months before the British evacuated New York ; but 
it was practically settled that the colonists had gained their indepen 
dence, and that they would be recognized as free from civil allegiance 
to the mother country. The clergy of Connecticut, with the concur 
rence and encouragement of their people being as they were 'men 
that had understanding of the times ' and watching to see what they 
ought to do and could do were ready to act as the representatives 
of the Church in a free land. They made appointment with one an 
other to meet on the festival of the Annunciation, the 25th day of 
March, here in Woodbury, for consultation and for action. Ten of the 
whole number of fourteen came ; and they met in the study of the rec 
tor's home, the (jlebe House, which they thus consecrated as a memo 
rial and a place of pilgrimage ; long may it be kept in honor and tell 
its story to those who come after ! We cannot tell why this town, not 
very central, was chosen for the meeting : it must have been at the 
cost of a long journey that some reached the place over the bad roads 
of the springtide ; but one is inclined to think that they came here 
because it was at the invitation of Mr. Marshall that they assembled, 
and that he gave the invitation because he was in touch with the con 
dition of affairs in New York, and knew the possibilities of the situa 
tion and the way in which they could be turned to service. 

' ' As priests of the Church of England these men had in vain asked 
that Church to give them a bishop and complete their organization 
in the colonies ; as priests of the Church Catholic and Apostolic they 
were alarmed at the proposition made by one high in authority in the 
middle states, that they should, at least for a time, return to the pres- 
byterianism under which they had decided that they could not con- 

C 319 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

scientiously minister. Now they could seek the episcopate, so they be 
lieved, without reference to the acts of a foreign Parliament and as an 
independent Church; and now even a harder decision to make 
they could decide to act on churchly lines even if it meant that they 
should hold aloof from those who had been their brethren in other 
colonies." 

Mr. Marshall represented his brethren at the preliminary General 
Convention held in New York, October 6 and 7, 1784. Dr. Hart says : 
'To the position thus asserted and maintained Mr. Marshall bore 
witness on behalf of the Church in Connecticut at a meeting of 
deputies from States outside of New England, held in New York 
while Dr. Seabury was still abroad and about to set his face toward 
Scotland, its purpose being to ' consult on the existing exigency of the 
Church ;' and in what he said and did he was ably seconded by Dr. 
Samuel Parker of Massachusetts, afterwards for a short time Bishop 
of that State. The others agreed on certain fundamental articles, which 
provided for a 'General Convention' to be held in September 1785, 
and fixed the principles on which it should be constituted and might 
act; Mr. Marshall and Mr. Parker maintained that until there was 
at least one Bishop the Church could not be duly organized, and that 
they could not consent to any action until they heard that the appli 
cation on behalf of Dr. Seabury to the Churches across the sea had 
been favorably received. They spoke with authority for their brethren 
in the New England states ; and they taught the others a lesson which 
they did not indeed learn at once, but which was presently accepted 
by all, that the Church must not undertake her work until she is fur 
nished for it by the organization which her Lord has provided for her, 
that she must build and be built upon the foundation which has been 
laid in accordance with the plans made known to apostles and prophets 
by the Spirit. It was no little thing that this needed 'bracing' of the 
Churchmen in the other colonies came in part from the strong city 
on the Massachusetts Bay and in part from the glebe-house in a quiet 
Connecticut village, by the words of two leaders of men, insisting on 
principles and destined finally to secure their triumph." These three 
quotations from Dr. Hart's address are taken from the "Connecticut 
Churchman ' ' for December, 1911. 

In 1785 the parish was organized, with Mr. Marshall as rector. 
Materials for a church were gathered, and the exterior of the church 

320 



ABRAHAM TOMLINSON 

completed in the early fall of 1786. Mr. Marshall furnished the glass 
for the windows and the nails for the clapboards, "still doing their 
service well and destined to do it for at least a century and a quar 
ter more." The vestry at St. George's Church, Milford, met Febru 
ary 15, 1787, and "voted to call the Revd. John R. Marshall with 
the same encouragement given to Mr. Van Dyke." When James B. 
Clarke brought him the call he deferred his answer until he met the 
members of the parish in Milford upon a Sunday in March. It was 
then agreed that he should officiate once a month, his compensation 
to be twenty- two pounds and six shillings. He was also to officiate at 
Christ Church, West Haven, under agreement with that parish. But 
the care and responsibility, with the long rides, were too much for 
his strength, and in the fall of 1787 he resigned, devoting himself 
entirely to Woodbury. He worked with all diligence for another year, 
seeing many results of his faithful teaching. Early in January, 1789, 
he was obliged to give up all work, and rested from his labours on the 
2 1st of that month. The funeral was held on Sunday, January 25. The 
Rev. Dr. Bela Hubbard officiated, and preached a funeral sermon from 
Psalm xxiii. 4. Mr. Marshall married Sarah Bryan, who was of dis 
tinguished ancestry and a native of Milford, Connecticut. One of his 
daughters was the wife of the Rev. Reuben Ives of Cheshire. Several 
interesting relics are preserved in the family, among them an easy chair 
in which all the Bishops of Connecticut have sat. His granddaughter 
says: 

' The most interesting relics, however, that the family possess of this 
period are the old Communion linen, spun and woven by his wife 
Sarah, some covers to the old kneeling benches which she made out 
of heavy damask dresses of her own, dyeing them first to a churchly 
red with her own hands, and most interesting of all his Prayer Book, 
in which long before the Prayer Book was revised and the revision 
adopted, he had made all the alterations now in use. These alterations 
are made in his own handwriting, and correspond with the accepted 
Prayer Book, which would go to show that he had something to do 
with the alterations even if he did not originate them, as he died be 
fore the Convention which revised the Prayer Book was hdd."[-Fn>/n 
manuscript sketch by Miss Marshall in possession of Joseph Hooper '.] 



C 321 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

David Be/den. 

A brief notice of the Rev. Mr. Belden will be found in the sketch of 

Christ Church, Duanesburgh, Volume II, page 444. 

Rebecca Allen. 

Rebecca, a daughter of Captain Josiah and Abigail Prince, married 
Edward Allen. Both were descendants from early settlers in Milford, 
and were held in high esteem by their townsmen. It was at the house 
of Major Allen that the meeting for the organization of a parish was 
held in 1764. The land given by Mrs. Allen for a glebe comprised 
an undivided fourth part of property on Bryan Hill, then occupied by 
her brothers, Job and Gamaliel Prince, her sister, Sarah Prince, and 
her mother, Abigail Prince. The deed was executed October 31,1 743 , 
and conveyed the title and interest of Rebecca and Edward Allen in 
the land to the Rev. James Lyon, then itinerant missionary in Con 
necticut, in trust for the benefit of a parish of the Church of Eng 
land in Milford. A covenant declared it could not be alienated with 
out the consent of ' ' the eldest Episcopal Minister in said Colony for 
the time being." Under the deed given by Lewis Mallet and James 
Clark, the wardens of St. George's Church, with the written consent 
of the Rev. Dr. Richard Mansfield of Derby, then the oldest minis 
ter in the diocese, the land was conveyed October 27, 1788, to Garrit 
V. M. De Witt for the sum of forty-eight pounds, fifteen shillings, 
and eight pence. The present public library was built upon a portion 
of the old glebe. 

David Baldwin. 

David, the sixth child and third son of Captain Nathan and Elizabeth 
(Rogers) Baldwin, was born in Milford in February, 1723. He was 
baptized in the Congregational Church of that town. March 1 of the 
same year. He graduated from Yale College in 1749. He was a man 
of prominence in the community, and served as lieutenant in the French 
and Indian War, was at the attack on Crown Point in 1755, and re 
mained in the army until the close of the war in 1759, having attained 
the rank of major. He was one of the early members of St. George's 
Church at its organization in 1764, and was its warden for many years, 
giving liberally for its support. He was a member of the General As 
sembly in the thirteen sessions from 1770 to 1775. He also was justice 

C 322 j 



ABRAHAM TOMLINSON 

of the peace in Milford from 1780 to 1784. He died suddenly of a fit 
on May 4 of that year. He married Avice, a daughter of Lewis and 
Eunice (Newton) Mallet. Mrs. Baldwin died January 6, 1813. They 
had one son and one daughter. 

Abraham Davenport. 

Abraham, a son of the Rev. John Davenport, the Congregational 
minister of Stamford, Connecticut, was born in that town in 1715 or 
1716. He was a great-grandson of the Rev. John Davenport, the first 
minister of New Haven. He graduated from Yale College in 1732 and 
settled in his native town. He held many town offices, notably that of 
first selectman. He was a member of the General Assembly of the 
colony from 1747 to 1760, and clerk of that house of the legislature for 
thirteen sessions and speaker for four. In 1760 he was chosen a mem 
ber of the Council of Assistants. In 1768 he was appointed judge of 
the Probate Court for the District of Stamford. He was also judge 
of the County Court of Fairfield. While holding court in Danbury, 
in November, 1789, he was seized with a mortal illness, and retired 
from the bench to his bed, where he died soon after. He was held in 
high honour throughout the state. President D wight says of him in 
his "Travels," volume iii, page 497: 

"Col. Davenport, was possessed of a vigorous understanding, and 
invincible firmness of mind : of integrity, and justice, unquestioned 
even by his enemies ; of veracity, exact in a degree neatly singular : 
and of a weight of character, which for many years decided in this 
County almost every question, to which it was lent. He was early 
a professor of the Christian Religion ; and adorned its doctrines by 
an exemplary conformity to its precepts. He was often styled a rough 
diamond ; and the appellation was, perhaps, never given with more 
propriety. His virtues were all of the masculine kind ; less soft, grace 
ful, and alluring, than his friends wished ; but more extensively pro 
ductive of real good to mankind than those of almost any man, who 
has been distinguished for gentleness of character. It would be happy 
for this or any other country, if the Magistracy should execute its 
laws with the exactness, for which he was distinguished." 

St. George's ( now St. Peter's Church ) , Milford, Connecticut. 
The town of Milford is in the southwestern corner of New Haven 

323 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

County, Connecticut. Its northern and eastern boundaries are the town 
of Orange, its southern Long Island Sound, and its western the Housa- 
tonic River. The greater portion of it was purchased from the Wepa- 
waug Indians, February 12, 1639, by a company from the counties 
of Essex, York, and Hereford, England. Their representatives, Wil 
liam Fowler, Edmund Tapp, Zachariah Whitman, Benjamin Fenn, 
and Alexander Bryan, paid for it to the Indian sachem Ansantaway, 
six coats, ten blankets, one kettle, a few knives, hatchets, small mir 
rors, and some other small articles. Among the settlers, in addition to 
those mentioned, were the Rev. Peter Prudden, Richard Miles, Richard 
Baldwin, Nathaniel Baldwin, Richard Platt, Ezra Clark, Dr. Joseph 
Gunn, George Clark, Thomas Tibbals, and Robert Treat. A Church of 
Christ was gathered at New Haven, August 22, 1639, and founded 
upon these "seven pillars:" Peter Prudden, Zachariah Whitman, 
William Fowler, John Atwood, Edmund Tapp, Thomas Bucking 
ham, and Thomas Welsh. As soon as the company reached their new 
home, measures were taken to build a meeting-house. The Rev. Peter 
Prudden, like many early ministers of New England, had been or 
dained in the Church of England. So far as is known, only those 
who held Puritan opinions came to Milford with Mr. Prudden, who 
was chosen the pastor of the Society. It is said that the first persons to 
declare themselves for the Church of England withdrew from the 
Congregational Church in the disturbances over the settlement of the 
Rev. Samuel Whittlelesey as the colleague of the Rev. Samuel An 
drew, formerly rector of Yale College, in 173 7. They were visited by 
the Rev. Jonathan Arnold, who in 1734 had followed his predecessor 
in the Congregational Church of West Haven, the Rev. Samuel John 
son, into the Church of England. He was ordained in 1736, and took 
charge of West Haven, New Haven, and all the towns in the neigh 
bourhood, wherever he could find members of the Church, or those 
inclined to listen to his message. His first service in Milford was in 
September, 1736. He makes this mention of it in a letter to the Ven 
erable Society as given on page 166, volume i, of Hawks and Perry's 
"Connecticut Church Documents:" 

West Haven, in Connecticut, September 22d, 1736. 

REVEREND SIR, 
I PERFORMED divine service last Sunday at Milford, one of the most 

C 324 3 



ABRAHAM TOMLINSON 

considerable towns in Connecticut Colony, where the use of the Lord's 
Prayer, the Creed, and the Ten Commandments, or the reading the 
Scripture in divine service, was never before known. There was a very 
numerous auditory, most attentive and desirous to be instructed in the 
worship of the Church of England ; but these who are looking towards 
the Church are commonly the poorer sort of people ; for the staff of gov 
ernment being in the hands of the Dissenters, who rule the Church 
with an iron rod, those who receive honour one of another set them 
selves at a distance, and allow their rage and revenge to increase in 
proportion to the increase of the Church. That God, in mercy to our 
land, may continue and prosper that honourable Society, is, and shall 
be the fervent prayer of their, and your most obliged, devoted, hum 
ble servant, T 

JONATHAN ARNOLD. 

The names of those first Churchmen have not been preserved. Mr. 
Arnold continued his ministrations until his removal to Staten Island 
in 1744. The Rev. Theophilus Morrie, an Englishman, was sent to 
West Haven. He officiated at intervals in Milford. He returned to Eng 
land in 1742. The Rev. James Lyon, his successor, appears to have 
aroused the interest of the Churchmen in Milford, for he secured the 
donation of the glebe from Mrs. Benjamin Allen in 1743. The occa 
sional services were unsatisfactory, although the Rev. Richard Mans 
field of Derby, the Rev. Ebenezer Punderson, the itinerant missionary, 
and the Rev. Solomon Palmer of New Haven successively ministered 
to the little flock. On January 11,1 764, a subscription paper was signed 
by the following persons, who were desirous to worship God according 
to the form of the Church of England : 

Edw d Allen Mehitabel Bryan 

John Herpin, Ju r John Newton, Ju r 

Garret M. De Witt Lewis Mallet, Ju [ 

Zach Marks Samuel Folsum 

Isaac Miles William Adams, Ju r 

Abraham Tomlinson David Baldwin 

Ezra Merchant James Goldsmith 

Jonas Green W m Gillet. 

John Cowel W m Stevens 

Christopher Newton Peter Ward 

325 1 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Enasco Manual Ezekiel Newton 

Nathan 61 Prichard Joseph Green 

John Leue Nathan Baldwin Ju r 

Daniel Burn Mary Cobb 

The request to the Venerable Society to allow Mr. Clark a small sal 
ary was politely refused by Dr. Daniel Burton, the secretary, in a let 
ter dated "Bartlet's Buildings, Holborn, Nov. 26, 1764," preserved 
in the archives of the parish. The meeting for organization was held 
under the presidency of the Rev. Christopher Newton of Ripton, 
now Huntington, April 18, 1765. Major David Baldwin and Captain 
Isaac Miles were chosen churchwardens, and Major Edward Allen, 
Lewis Mallet, Jr., Garret M. De Witt, William Gillet, and Captain 
John Newton, vestrymen. Dr. Tomlinson's sketch summarizes the 
history to 1788. From that date to 1814 there were only occasional 
services. In 1814 the Rev. Nathan B. Burgess, who had been made 
deacon by Bishop Jar vis, January 18, 1801, and ordained priest by 
the same Bishop, April 13, 1802, became rector and worked zealously 
for the upbuilding of the parish. His successors to 1851 were William 
Smith, the younger, compiler of the Institution Office, John M. Gar- 
field, Gurdon S. Coit, William H. Walter, Riverius Camp, Samuel 
S. Stocking, Edward J. Ives, afterward missionary in Texas, Ferdi 
nand E. White, and James Dixon Carder. In 1850 the ancient church 
was taken down, and a brown stone church of early English Gothic 
design, from plans by Richard Upjohn, was built. Its proportions are 
good ; its spire, surmounted by a cross, is one hundred feet high. It will 
seat three hundred people. It was consecrated in 1851 by the name 
of St. Peter's Church. After the resignation of Mr. Carder to become 
secretary of the Domestic Committee of the Missionary Society, the 
Rev. Storrs O. Seymour was elected rector, and served until 1864. 
Dr. Seymour is now president of the Standing Committee of the 
diocese, and rector of St. Michael's Church, Litchfield. His successors 
to 1912 have been Henry R. Howard, A. Douglas Miller, James H. 
Van Buren, since Bishop of Porto Rico, John H. Fitzgerald, Frank 
Ilsley Paradise, W. Herbert Hutchinson, Sherwood Roosevelt, and 
Elliott William Boone. The rector in January, 1912, was George 
Everitt Knollmeyer. As recorded in the American Church Almanac for 
1912, the number of communicants was one hundred and forty-five. 

c 326 3 



JAMES ABERCROMBIE 

[ FROM JAMES ABERCROMBIE ] 

PhiladOft' io th 1804. 

MY D R BROTHER 

I HEREWITH send you a copy of my sermon ; altho' you 
have not sent me a copy of y r good bishop's charges & c & c 
which you promised. I have heard of the sermon of ( I think ) 
a M r Nott, on Gen. Hamilton, which I wish much to see. Is 
it in N. York ? If so, you may make your peace with me, by 
sending a copy of it also. 

My sermon was written in haste, as you will perceive, & 
without the most distant idea of publication, therefore, 

" Ne 1 in amid vitiis tarn cerne acutum, 

aut aquila, out serpens Epidaurius" 



I long to see the proceedings of your Convention. Tho an 
advocate for ecclesiastical as well as civil authority, I am sorry 
to hear that you did not restrain the Bishops with respect to 
the dispensing power as to classical education, in candidates 
for the ministry. Our church is daily sinking under the exer 
cise of that power. I hope it will yet be done. 

As I know your benevolence induces you to wish to know 
the state of my family, with respect to health, I tell you, with 
a sigh, that my dear M rs A, is, & has been for a considerable 
time, extremely ill, with a liver complaint. Every medical ex 
ertion has been made, but ineffectually, and I very much fear 
the malady lies too deep for human skill to alleviate or cure. 
The rest are well. 

I beg you to present my most respectful Compts to M rs Ho- 
bart. With the most cordial esteem 

I am, 
Y r sincere Friend and Brother in X 1 

JA S ABERCROMBIE. 
C 327 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

I take the liberty of sending four copies of my sermon to your 
care. I beg you will deliver them as soon as possible. For I wish 
them to be there before the sermon is advertised, or offered 

for sale. T * 

j. /\. 

Superscription: 

THE REV. JOHN HOBART, Assistant Minister of Trinity Church, New York. 



ANNOTATIONS 

Bishop Moore's Pastorals. 

For notice see Volume III, page 459. 

Sermon of James Abercrombie on the Death of Hamilton. 
For notice see Volume III, page 457. 

Eliphalet Nott's Sermon on the Death of Hamilton. 
The tide of the sermon here referred to is : * * Discourse delivered in 
the North Dutch Church, in the City of Albany, occasioned by the 
ever to be lamented death of General Alexander Hamilton, July 29, 
1804, by Eliphalet Nott, A.M., Pastor of the Presbyterian Church in 
said City. Published by request. Albany : Printed by Charles R. and 
George Webster, at their Bookstore, corner of State and Pearl Streets, 
1804." 

Other editions: Stockbridge, 1804, Boston, 1805. This is called "4th 
edition," Schenectady, 1853. There were many other editions. 

This sermon was widely circulated, and had a very beneficial effect 
in checking the practice of duelling. Its author was born in Ashford, 
Connecticut, June 25, 1773. He studied divinity under the Rev. Dr. 
Joel Benedict (College of New Jersey, 1765) of Plainfield, Connecticut. 
In 1790 he was sent as missionary to central New York. He took 
charge of the Presbyterian Church at Cherry Valley, and also opened 
an academy. In 1792 he became pastor of the Presbyterian Church 
at Albany. In September, 1804, he was elected president of Union Col 
lege, Schenectady, where he remained until his death on January 29, 
1866, in the ninety-third year of his age. 

C 328 ] 



JAMES ABERCROMBIE 

Dr. Nott was the inventor of a stove for burning anthracite coal, 
which was extensively used. It is of interest to note that Professor 
Alonzo Potter, afterwards Bishop of Pennsylvania, married a daughter 
of President Nott. One of their sons, Dr. Eliphalet Nott Potter, was 
president of Union College from 1871 to 1884. He died February 6, 
1901, in the sixty-fifth year of his age. 

Ann Abercrombie. 

For notice of Mrs. James Abercrombie see Volume II, page 116. 



C 329 



THOMAS AND JAMES SWORDS 

THE ancestor of the New York family of Swords was Thomas 
Swords, a son of a country gentleman living at Maryborough, 
near Dublin, Ireland. He was born June 19, 1738, was well educated, 
and then entered the British army as an ensign in the Fifty-fifth Regi 
ment. It was soon ordered to America, and assigned to duty under 
General James Abercrombie in the expedition against Fort Ticon- 
deroga in July, 1758. For his gallantry on the field in the disastrous 
attack upon the French lines Thomas Swords was promoted to be 
a lieutenant, and on the withdrawal of General Abercrombie 's forces 
he was placed in command of Fort George, at the southern extremity 
of Lake George, with a small garrison. At the close of the war he set 
tled in Saratoga County on the Hudson, near the village of Stillwater, 
upon a large estate which he had purchased, where he lived in ease 
and comfort, cultivating his broad acres. His nearest neighbour was 
Colonel Schuyler, afterward the Revolutionary general. He married 
Mary Morell of Albany in 1762. When the Revolution commenced 
he was urged by Schuyler and John Tayler, afterward lieutenant- 
governor of New York, to take the command of a New York regiment. 
Lieutenant Swords, refusing to break his oath of allegiance, declined. 
He refrained from actively aiding the British, but nevertheless was re 
moved from his home and with other loyalists was compelled to ga to 
Albany, where they remained until the summer of 1777, when he was 
allowed to return and remove his family to Albany. His house became 
the royal headquarters for General Burgoyne and his staff. Bemis 
Heights and the site of the battle of Stillwater were near his home. Al 
though a non-combatant, his property was confiscated by the State of 
New York. He then went to New York with his family, where he died 
January 16, 1780, in the forty-third year of his age, leaving a wife and 
five children destitute of means. In 1 782 Mrs. Swords went to England, 
expecting to receive compensation from the commissioners of claims 
for her husband's losses, but was unsuccessful and returned to New 
York. In 1786 her two sons, Thomas and James, opened a printing- 
office at No. 160 Pearl Street. They were young men of energy and in 
dustry, and soon built up a large business. In 1790 the first number 
of the "New York Magazine" was issued from their press, which 
was well printed and had engravings of various buildings in the city of 

[ 330 ] 



THOMAS AND JAMES SWORDS 

New York and elsewhere. It had a brief existence of seven years, but 
is still valued for its contemporary notices of persons and events. The 
continuation of the "Society Library Catalogue," printed in 1792, of 
which but few copies exist, is a good specimen of their work. They 
early began to do the printing for Trinity Church, in which was in 
cluded the Journals of the Diocesan Convention and sometimes those of 
the General Convention. In 1800 they printed a supplementary cata 
logue for the Society Library, of which Thomas Swords was a mem 
ber. JohnPintard, noting the fact in his manuscripts, says of the firm : 
4 ' They have risen to some degree of wealth by their industry, have two 
printing presses, & 6 or eight hands, with more work to execute, than 
they can perform ; they are the neatest & most correct printers on the 
continent. ' ' [Keep's History of the New York Society Library, p. 239 .] 
Their editions of the Book of Common Prayer were considered the 
best published. After ' ' The Churchman's Magazine ' ' was removed to 
New York in 1808, it was printed by them until the first series ended 
with the issue for December, 1811. In 1817, under the auspices and 
supervision of Bishop Hobart, they commenced " The Christian Jour 
nal," which was continued until December, 1830. It is invaluable to 
the Church historian. In connection with the Bishop they republished, 
with many additions by Bishop Hobart, Doyly and Mant's Family 
Bible, from 1817 to 1826. While their store was the meeting-place of 
Bishops and clergy, and considered headquarters for Church litera 
ture, they also did a general printing and publishing business, and 
kept in stock the books of other publishers. The following selection 
from their list for 1829 evidences its varied character, and is interest 
ing as showing the kind of books read by Churchmen of that day : 

DEVOTIONAL BOOKS 

Bishop Hobart' s Clergyman's Bean's Family Prayers 

Companion. New Edition Rev. Dr. Wyatt's Christian 

Bishop Hobart' s Christian's Offices 

Manual Rutledge's Family Altar 

Festivals and Fasts Beveridge's Private Thoughts 

Companion for the Altar Bickersteth on Prayer 
Companion to the Book of Com- on the Lord's Supper 

mon Prayer Bishop Wilson's Sacra Privata 

New Manual of Devotion on the Lord's Supper 

C 331 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Nelson's Practice of True Devo- New Whole Duty of Man 

tion New Week's Preparation 

Rev. Dr. Berrian's Family Taylor's Holy Living and Dying 

Prayers Bishop Andrews' Devotions 

Cotterill's Family Prayers Bishop Blomfield's Manual 

Jay's Family Prayers A Century of Christian Prayers 

Jenk's Devotions Smith's Domestic Altar 

WORKS 

Washington Irving's Conquest of Grenada. 2 vols. 12mo 

Darby's Tablet of Memory. New Edition 

Token, or the White Rose. 2 vols. 12mo 

The Protestant. A Tale. 2 vols. 12mo 

Tales of the Great St. Bernard. 2 vols. 12mo 

Tales of Women. 1 vol. 12mo 

Dick's Philosophy of a Future State. 1 vol. 12mo 

Mrs. Parke's Domestic Duties. (A most valuable work) 

Death's Doings. 2 vols. 8vo. With numerous engravings 

Jahn's History of the Hebrew Commonwealth. 1 vol. 8vo 

Stuart's Hebrew Grammar. Third Edition 

Faber's Difficulties of Infidelity. Cheap Edition 

Duffie's Sermons to Children. 18mo 

Cyprus Wreath. 18 mo 

The Week. In Three Parts. 18mo 

Sherwood's Stories on the Church Catechism. Revised by Bishop 

Kemp 

Ely's Visits of Mercy. 2 vols. 
Sumner's Evidences, &c. &c. 

The Aged Christian's Cabinet. Containing a variety of Essays, Con 
versations, and Discourses, adapted to the improvement, consola 
tion, and animation, of aged Christians of every denomination. By 
the Rev. John Stanford, D.D. 

" They shall still bring forth fruit in old age^ to show that the Lord is up 
right^ and there is no unrighteousness in him" David. 

Music of the Church. Recently published, and for sale by T. & J. 
Swords, No. 127 Broadway. Price in quarto, two dollars and fifty 
cents, and royal octavo, one dollar each Music of the Church. A 

332 



THOMAS AND JAMES SWORDS 

Collection of Psalm, Hymn, and Chant Tunes, adapted to the Wor 
ship of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States 

One very useful publication was Swords's' 'Pocket Almanack, Church 
man's Calendar, and Ecclesiastical Register," which began in 1816 
and ended in 1860. Both the brothers were firm and zealous Church 
men and members of Trinity Church. 

Thomas Swords was an intimate friend of Bishop Hobart. He was 
a vestryman of Trinity Church from 1817 to his death, July 7, 1843. 
He was a member of many boards and corporations, both financial 
and benevolent. He married in 1792 Mary White of Philadelphia, and 
had a large family of children, five of whom were sons : Edward Jen- 
ner, John Evers, George, Henry, Robert Dumont. The firm's name 
was changed, after the death of the senior partner, from Thomas and 
James Swords to Swords and Stanford, by the admission of Thomas 
N. Stanford, who had long been connected with the firm, to full part 
nership. Mrs. Swords survived her husband twenty-six years, and 
died in 1869. 

James Swords was a man who entered into many business transac 
tions in addition to his interest in the publishing house. He died in 
1846. He was then, as he had been for many years, president of the 
Washington Life Insurance Company. He ends his will with this para 
graph : "And now having thus far adjusted my temporal affairs, re 
voking all former wills by me made, I beg to express my thankfulness 
to Almighty God for the many and undeserved benefits which through 
a long life He has bestowed upon me, and for His great mercy and 
goodness in giving me health of body and strength of mind thus to 
dispose of my worldly concerns, and I humbly commend my soul 
to Him in the hope of a blissful immortality through the mediation 
and atoning merits of His blessed Son, our Saviour Jesus Christ. 
Amen." Upon the death of Edward J. Swords in 1856, the firm be 
came Stanford, Swords and Company. Subsequently it was known as 
Stanford and Delisser, then G. W. Delisser, and finally as Delisserand 
Proctor. It ceased to exist before 1880, after an honourable record of 
nearly one hundred years. A tablet to the memory of Thomas Swords 
in the south vestry of Trinity Church has this inscription : 



333 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

IN MEMORY OF 

THOMAS SWORDS, 

WHO WAS FOR FIFTY YEARS AN EMINENT 

PUBLISHER & BOOKSELLER IN THIS CITY, 

AND FOR TWENTY FIVE YEARS A VESTRYMAN 

OF THIS CHURCH, 

BORN IN 
FORT GEORGE, SARATOGA COUNTY N.Y. 

JAN Y 5 1764; 

DIED IN THIS CITY 

JUNE 27 1843. 

A grandson of Thomas Swords, Henry Cotheal Swords, has been 
a member of the vestry of Trinity Church since 1900. He has recently 
erected a Gothic drinking fountain on the Broadway side of Trinity 
Church-yard and on the north side of the church, in memory of his 
mother, Ann Maria Cotheal Swords. On the front it bears this inscrip 
tion: 

IN MEMORY OF 
ANN MARIA COTHEAL SWORDS 



On the back : 

AN 

1911 



AN' D'NI. 



[ FROM THOMAS AND JAMES SWORDS ] 



EVERY Expence of Paper, &c. for the Journal of the 
General Convention, including the doing of them up, 
amounts to ninety-six dollars & one quarter - 96.25 

The same for Bishop White's Sermon 
1500 copies, sixty-two dollars &? an half - 62.50 

If Bishop Moore's Sermon 
makes an equal number of pages, & 
if 1500 Copies are printed, the 

cost will be the same. 62.50 

C 334 H 









THOMAS AND JAMES SWORDS 

If the Office of Indu6tion 
make 12 pages, the Cost for 
1000 copies will be 28.12 

If the Journal of the State 
Convention make 16 pages, the 
Cost of 1000 copies will be 36.28 

Suppose the Canons to 
make 40 pages, the Cost of 
1000 copies will be 81.25 

The foregoing Estimates are made as accurately as can well 
be done before the business is executed They include every 
expence of Paper, printing, blue paper for Covers, & the 
Stitching of each Pamphlet separately The actual cost, un 
less the pamphlets overrun the number of Pages mentioned, 
can vary but little from the Estimates. 

Yours truly 

T. & J. SWORDS 

Oftober 1 1 , 1 804 

Superscription: 
REV MR HOBART 



ANNOTATIONS 

William White's Consecration Sermon. 
For notice see page 378. 

Benjamin Moore's Convention Sermon, 1804. 
For notice see page 382. 

Office of Induction. 
For notice see page 384. 

[ 335 U 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

[ FROM JOHN CHURCHILL RUDD ] 

New York, Oa. 1 2^ 1 804. 

DEAR SIR, 

I AM aware that in so freely communicating the peculiar 
ities and embarrasments of my situation I expose myself 
to censure, and I can only find excuse in my anxious soli 
citude to render myself useful to mankind. Hoping that you 
will not severely censure my freedom I shall be explicit in 
the following address 

As to the pecuniary embarrassments under which I labour 
they have already been communicated. I now see new ob 
stacles in my way. In the regulations established by the 
late convention, though they have long been needed, and 
though they may, and undoubtedly will be productive of much 
good hereafter, I find myself affecled in a manner that will 
I trust be clearly seen, when I observe, that I have been 
known as a candidate for orders about nine months, dur 
ing which time, I have endeavoured to cultivate myself as 
much as possible, and have submitted to the friendly direc 
tion of the Bishop and Clergy, Yet I have never read any 
of the books on which I am to be examined, but during that 
period and for more than a year previous, the Bishop has 
from time to time put such books into my hands, as he has 
thought proper, most of which are in the higher course of 
ecclesiastical studies. Though I may have gained consider 
able from those books they are not calculated to assist me 
much at an examination I have repeatedly solicited infor 
mation as to the nature of the examinations but have never 
been able to learn it Another difficulty now before me, is the 
arrangements in my business made nearly two years ago. 
Justice as well as my promise will induce me to give up my 

336 



JOHN CHURCHILL RUDD 

school in the Spring ensuing to my Brother, who now acls as 
my assistant upon that condition, and who will feel disposed 
to act for himself, It is evident I cannot live without em 
ployment. I shall then have to attend wholly to my business 
myself and even to organize another school as was my design 
at the time I last relinquished the Idea of preparing for the 
ministry These it will readily be seen will be productive of 
great difficulties in the way of my studies. 

I know of no event, that I think would excite in me such last 
ing and sincere regret as that of a frustration in my present 
pursuit. But however desirous I may be to persevere, It will 
I am confident be admitted that I have other duties to which I 
must be attentive, Could I obtain the assistance which I have 
heretofore observed I needed, I would resign the manage 
ment of my school to my assistant, for the season and devote 
my whole time to Study, and yet that would be a short time 
to accomplish what will be exacted of me. I would cheerfully 
perform all that could be required, did I suppose it possible. 
I have ever felt doubtful as to my being able to accomplish 
my wishes, and now more than ever, do existing difficulties 
weigh me down In the above I have designed in as few 
words as possible to suggest the difficulties which I see, but 
which must, I am sensible, from their nature be unknown and 
unfelt by any but myself. If my anxieties are ill founded, I 
most humbly pray they may be driven from my mind. Hop 
ing nothing I have said may be considered improper I Am, 
Sir with the Utmost Defference Yours &c 

J. C. RUDD 
REV. J. H. HOBART 

Superscription: 

THE REV. J. H. HOBART N 46 Greenwich Street. 



337 



JOHN RENNOLDS 

JOHN RENNOLDS was a London merchant, to whom Mr. Mercer 
had entrusted the carrying out of the arrangements he had made 
when in England with those interested in the Kanawha lands. 



[ JOHN RENNOLDS TO CHARLES FENTON MERCER ] 

London, Oftober 1 9 r . h 1 804. 

CHARLES F. MERCER, ESQ? 
DEAR SIR 

1HAD the pleasure of writing you on the 29 th past, & as yet 
without any thing from you since that of 20^ April, which 
certainly adds to that state of anxiety which the approach of 
the i** day of November (when M* Perrin is to be paid the 
first Instalment has produced ), from no Remittance being 
received for that purpose, M' Munroe being in Spain, & my 
self without even a Letter from you or your Friends on the 
subjecl, what can be the cause? 

Pr the Missouri for Philadelphia to sail next Tuesday I shall 
send you M r . Fearons letter on the subjecl: of Mi: Parker's 
claim, being settled at 4-750 Stg. payable in 5 y? by equal 
instalments of ^950 p r Annum with 4 p rft Int. the best terms 
we possibly can obtain for you, in mean time my anxiety is 
alive to hear from you 

I am Dear Sir 

Your mo: Ob' 

Superscription: JOHN RENNOLDS 

CHARLES F. MERCER ESQ? 
care of the Hon blc . Francis T. Brooke 
Fredericksburg 

VIRGINIA 
p r . the Java via Bait - 

C 338 ] 






JOHN RENNOLDS 

ANNOTATIONS 

Mr. Perrin. 

No facts concerning Mr. Perrin have been ascertained. 

James Monroe. 

Mr. Monroe was a friend and neighbour of the Mercer family. He 
was a son of Spence and Eliza (Jones) Monroe, and was born in 
Westmoreland County, Virginia, April 28,1758. He went to the Col 
lege of William and Mary, but was one of twenty-five students who 
abandoned their studies to take part in the Revolution. He was made 
lieutenant in the Third Virginia Regiment under Colonel Hugh Mer 
cer. He took part in the battles of Harlem, White Plains, and Tren 
ton, showing bravery and gallantry, and became a volunteer aide on 
the staff of Lord Sterling, with the rank of major. He was in the bat 
tles of Brandywine, Germantown, and Monmouth. By his conduct 
he won the commendation of Washington and the friendship of Jef 
ferson, who made him military commissioner to report upon the army 
in the south, which carried with it the rank of lieutenant-colonel. He 
served in the Virginia legislature in 1782, and also in the executive 
council. He was a member of the Continental Congress from 1783 
to 1786, and presented a bill for the government of the Northwest 
Territory which was much discussed. Many of its provisions were 
embodied in the Ordinance of 1787. In 1786 Colonel Monroe settled 
in Fredericksburgh and practised law. He was a member of the Con 
stitutional Convention of Virginia in 1788, opposing with Patrick 
Henry, William Grayson, and George Mason many portions of the 
proposed federal Constitution. In 1790 he was elected by the Virginia 
legislature to the United States, where he remained until December, 
1793, when he was appointed United States Minister to France by 
Washington. The course of events for the United States did not run 
smoothly in France. Colonel Monroe was very cordial and enthusi 
astic in his intercourse with the authorities of the French Republic, 
adopting many of their phrases and customs, but was recalled Au 
gust 22, 1796. In vindication of his course he published "A View 
of the Conduct of the Executive." From 1799 to 1802 he was gov 
ernor of Virginia. In that year he was sent by Jefferson as additional 
plenipotentiary to France, and with Robert R. Livingston negotiated 

C 339 H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

the treaty for the cession of Louisiana to the United States. He then 
went in 1803 to Spain with Charles Pinckney to secure a treaty from 
the King and his ministers. It is to this journey that Mr. Rennolds 
alludes in the above letter. Monroe was made United States Min 
ister to Great Britain. In 1811 he was elected governor of Virginia, 
and had served only a few months when he was appointed Secretary 
of State in the Cabinet of President Madison. He was elected Presi 
dent of the United States in the fall of 1816, and served until 1825. 
The dictum which has since developed into the so-called ' ' Monroe 
Doctrine" was enunciated in his message to Congress in 1823, when 
Spain was proposing, with the aid of other European powers, to re 
cover her former possessions in Central and South America. His pre 
sidential term was marked by peace, prosperity, and freedom from 
political strife. At the close of his second term, in 1825, he went to 
his home, Oak Hill, in Loudoun County, Virginia. His latter days were 
clouded by financial embarrassments and the death of his wife, who 
passed away in 1830. She Was Elizabeth, daughter of Captain Law 
rence Kortright of New York City. He then removed to New York 
and made his home with his daughter Eliza, the wife of Samuel L. 
Gouverneur. Here he lived, it is said, the life of a recluse. He died 
July 4, 1831, and was given a public funeral, with an oration from 
the City Hall steps by William Alexander Duer, president of Co 
lumbia College, and a service in St. Paul's Chapel. He was buried 
in the Marble Cemetery in Second Street; but twenty-seven years 
after, the body was removed to Virginia under the escort of the Sev 
enth Regiment of New York, and buried in Hollywood Cemetery, 
Richmond, on July 4, 1858, in a tomb which had been erected by 
the State of Virginia. In addition to his pamphlet already mentioned 
President Monroe wrote, in 1786, a memoir on the free navigation 
of the Mississippi. He left, in manuscript, a philosophical "His 
tory of the Origin of Free Government ' ' and ' ' The People the Sov 
ereign ."His correspondence and state papers are in the Library of 
Congress. 

Mr. Parker. 

Mr. Parker is probably the gentleman referred to in several of Mr. 

Mercer's letters as holding a claim which he wished to purchase. 

340 



JOHN RENNOLDS 

Mr. Fear on. 

No facts concerning Mr. Fearon have been discovered. 

Francis T. Brooke. 

Francis T. Brooke was born at Smithfield, Virginia, August 27, 
1763. He was well educated. In 1780 he was appointed first lieuten 
ant in General Harrison's regiment of artillery; in 1781 he served 
under Lafayette. He then commanded a company in Colonel Febiger's 
regiment, joining General Green at Charleston, South Carolina. At 
the close of the war he returned to his native state and studied law. 
He was admitted to the bar in 1788, and commenced practice at Mor- 
gantown, Virginia. He became attorney for the state, and in 1794 
was a member of the House of Delegates. 

In 1796 he removed to Fredericksburg. In 1800 he was state sena 
tor and was made speaker of the senate. In 1804 he was elected judge 
of the court of appeals, and served eight years as presiding judge. 
In 1831 he was reelected, and remained on the bench until his death 
in 1851. 



C 341 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

[ FROM DANIEL NASH ] 

Exeter, Otsego County, Oft r . 27!! 1804. 

REV? AND DEAR SIR, 

I GLADLY embrace an opportunity of writing, that I may 
express in an affectionate manner how greatly I love and 
admire you as a precious Minister of my Lord and Master. 
Secluded as I am from the company of those who are engaged 
in the arduous work of the Ministry, I find some alleviation 
from care by writing to my absent Brethren. Not only an 
alleviation, but a pleasure which admits of no alloy I re 
joice in their prosperity, not only because they are my fellow 
Creatures but because I read in that, the prosperity of that 
Church which I esteem as the Pillar and Ground of the truth: 
To advance this Church and to cause Mankind to keep the 
unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace I trust is our constant 
endeavour what calling more glorious! what work more 
honourable! God in mercy grant that I may worthily fill the 
station in which I am placed. 

I wish you to send me a Catalogue of the Bishops, before and 
at the Reformation and by whom they were consecrated. If 
a correct list was made out and published, perhaps it would 
tend to call People into the Bosom of the Church. Mention also 
some of the most weighty Arguments by which we justify 
a separation from the Catholic Church or more properly the 
Reformation in that Branch of the Church to which we belong. 

With respect to the Church in this County it is gradually 
increasing. The Enemies to it are however powerful and very 
numerous, yet by the mercy of God and the benevolence 
of my friends, my Table is still spread in their presence 
Blessed be his holy Name for all his goodness. However, 
when I speak of Enemies I would have you understand that 

C 342 



DANIEL NASH 

I have no contention with any of them when they rage they 
may do it alone. 

The Season past I have introduced catechising in public 
upon every Sabbath, heretofore I taught in private, but am 
convinced I shall succeed better by doing it in public. I hope 
a blessing is in store for the Church in the Wilderness. The 
account M r . Judd will render will undoubtedly be pleasing. 
I think he is calculated to do much good and I hope will be 
placed by our benevolent Bishop in some eligible situation. 

The Notification for my attendance at the Convention did not 
arrive untill the Lord's Day after the Meeting. But my want 
of notice did not stop my attendance. I cannot go so great 
a distance, neither do I think you will see me in New York, 
unless necessity forces me to offer myself as a Missionary. 

I am aware of the task a Man has to go through in that station 
and only a hope of procuring a comfortable subsistance for my 
family will lead me to do any such thing. By the Bearer you 
can send me whatever Books you have to dispose of. With 
much esteem I am 

Your obliged friend DANIEL NASH 

Be so kind as to present my Respe<5ts to the Rev<? D[ Beach 
Mr Jones and M T . Harris tell the former that I never pro 
cured any Books of his from M* Urquhart 

Superscription: 

THE REV? JOHN H. HOBART New York 
M r . Tunnicliff. 



ANNOTATIONS 

Abraham 'Beach. 

See sketch which precedes his letter of May 16, 1827. 

C 343 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Cave Jones. 

See sketch which precedes his undated letter of 1805. 

William Harris. 

For sketch see page 288. 

John Urquhart. 

John Urquhart was made deacon on October 18, 179 5, by the Rt. Rev. 
Dr. Provoost of New York. In 1797 he became rector of St. John's 
Church, Johnstown. Of his difficulties in that position Bishop Chase 
thus writes : 

"Although some distance out of his way, he could not deny him 
self the pleasure of going to Johnstown, to visit his fellow-laborer in 
the gospel, the Rev. Mr. Urquhart. Here he had the pleasure of be 
holding a goodly stone Church, with an organ, built by Sir William 
Johnson, and endowed by that munificent person with a glebe for the 
support of an Episcopal clergyman. The Church had been recovered 
by an appeal to the legislature, sitting in Albany, as the writer had 
witnessed when a student for orders in that city ; but the glebe was 
still in the hands of those who had seized on it in the time of the war, 
when so many prejudices for political reasons had been excited against 
the Episcopal Church. While the Presbyterian minister was main 
tained in comfort, Mr. Urquhart received the support only of the 
few remaining Churchmen whom poverty had detained in the place. 
Whether this blot on the Christian name has ever been wiped away 
or not, the writer has never heard." [Bishop Chase's Reminiscences , 
vol.i, p. 28.] 

He was able to do much to revive the parish. In 1804 he resigned, 
but remained as principal of the Johnstown Academy. In 1809 he 
succeeded the Rev. Joseph Warren as rector of St. Peter's Church, 
Peekskill, and St. Philip's, Philipstown. 

He seems to have been very attentive to every part of his work for 
some time, but gradually grew negligent, and in 1814 left the parish. 

His name is not found in any clergy list after that year. 

John Tunnicliff. 

For notice see Volume III , page 220 ; and also see Volume II, page 503 . 

C 344 H 



CHARLES FENTON MERCER 

[ FROM CHARLES FENTON MERCER ] 

Little river, Nov. i" 1804. 
MY DEAR HOBART 

I SEIZE a few moments, in a visit to the farm of my brother 
in law, in order to inclose, under cover to you, the accom 
panying letter to Mr Munroe, which I will thank you to for 
ward, by the British packet, or the first good opportunity. 
What am I to conjecture, from your long silence ? ^torn^ know 
not how anxiously I have expected to hear from you, or you 
would certainly have written to me sooner. Ever zealously 
interested in whatever regards your plans of life, my solicitude 
for your welfare has been, if possible, augmented by the in 
telligence which your last letter gave me, that you had some 
secret scheme in agitation, which you would reveal to me, pro 
vided I would hasten on to New York. My dear Hobart, had it 
been, as possible for me to meet you at your own house, as for 
you to satisfy my inquietude, another stage would not have left 
Virginia, without conducting me to you. But perplexed, em 
barrassed, harassed just entering on a new profession, over 
whelmed by the complicated and unfinished accounts of my 
dec 1 ? father's estate, having large sums of money to remit to 
London, It has been impossible for me to leave Virginia, with 
out violating the most solemn engagements. 

I have not time, nor would the limits of a letter permit me, to 
enter into a detail of all my little cares. I impatiently wait the 
period, when I shall be able to recommence ourmuch negle6led 
correspondence, on a plan, which may serve to contrail the 
wide space which divides us asunder. But, in the mean time, 
cheer me, I conjure you, by a few lines, now and then ; in order 
that I may support a weight of business, and enter on my pro 
fession with alacrity. Inform me, too, whether my late letters, 

C 345 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

containing inclosures for England, to Mr Monroe, Mr Ren- 
nolds, and Mr Perrin, have arrived safely in New York, when 
you were able to forward them ? by what vessels ? and to what 
English ports? They contained bills of exchange for $3260. 
which should be on the royal exchange of London to day, or 
my good friends Mr Munroe and Mr Rennolds, to whom, 
I am intimately indebted, for the success of my transatlantic 
voyage, will be exposed to the most inconvenient embarrass 
ment, all the disgrace attending which, will, necessarily, at 
tach to myself. 

How is your health and that of Mr s Hobart, and your chil 
dren ? Does my god-daughter improve ? How are my friends 
in New York ? Where is How? What are his pursuits? Where 
shall I direcl: a letter to him ? Write to me, my dear Hobart, on 
all these subjects, if you give me, but a single answer to each 
of those interesting questions and believe me your silence may 
afflict the heart, but can never impair the friendship of your 

CH! FENTON MERCER. 

Superscription: 

REV? JOHN HENRY HOBART New York 



ANNOTATIONS 

Plans of John Henry Hobart in 1 804. 

There is nothing now extant to show what the plans were to which 

Mr. Mercer alludes. 

James Monroe. 

For notice see page 339. 

John Rennolds. 

For sketch see page 338. 

[ 346 3 



CHARLES FENTON MERCER 

Mr. Perrin. 

For notice see page 339. 

The God-daughter of Charles Fenton Mercer. 
For notice see Volume III, page 102. 

Thomas Tardley How. 

See sketch which precedes his letter of November 28, 1807. 



[ 347 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

[ JONATHAN JUDD to BENJAMIN MOORE ] 

Claverack 2 d November 1804. 

RT. REV? SIR : 

I NOW give myself the pleasure of presenting you with a 
brief account of my proceedings, together with the obser 
vations I have been enabled to make concerning our Church, 
in the several places that I have visited since I last wrote you: 
and I believe, the greatest cause of your anxiety, on account 
of it, will be, your inability to profit by the opportunities, that 
are offered, for disseminating the principals of our Church, and 
for taking such measures as would almost ensure the pros 
perity of it. "The harvest, truly, is great but the labourers 
are few." 

On Thursday after I wrote my last, (Sep: 2o th ) I left Paris 
for Lowville, where I arived the next day ( a distance of 64 
Miles ) and was very friendly recieved, and treated with much 
attention. On Sunday, I preached there to a respectable num 
ber of people, and baptized one Child. 

On Tuesday 25! h I left Lowville, and on the following day 
came to Paris; from thence intending to go to Onondaga; but 
having the misfortune to lame my horse,! was obliged to tarry 
at Paris over the next Sabbath and still fearing that my horse 
was incompetant to perform so great a journey. I turned my 
course to Sherburn ( a place which In my last called Norwich. ) 
where I arrived on Thursday, and where I found several fam 
ilies of Episcopalians, to whom on friday Ocl 1 ? 5 th I preached 
a lecture. I preached to them likewise on the Sabbath & bap 
tized 5 Children 

On monday 8 th inst I went to M* Nash's where I spent the 
remaining part of the Week, with him, visiting his parishion 
ers, & on Sunday 14^ Officiated for him at Fly-Creek, and 

C 348 ] 



JUDD TO MOORE 

he for me, about 20 Miles west of Otsego, near the Unadilla. 

On monday 15^ I preached a lecture at the Church near 
M* Nash's. 

On the following Thursday I went to Cherry Valley, where 
on Saturday I attended the funeral of an Infant of a M r . Crea- 
sie, and on the Sabbath preached. 

On Friday 26^ I came to Duan's Borough and on the Sab 
bath preached there. 

On monday last I left Duan's Borough, & on Tuesday arived 
here. I still have the pleasure of saying, I have ever been cor 
dially recieved, and treated with much attention. 

A few weeks past it has been so very uncomfortable, and 
unhealthy, wether, that I visited but little. 

In every place that I have officiated there are some flatter 
ing prospects. At Lowville on the Black River, as much so 
as the situation of the country will admit. Though new, yet it 
affords some good plants. There are in that village several re 
spectable families who profess to be Episcopalians, & make it 
their constant practice to meet upon every Sabbath and have 
the Service performed Among those who bear the most active 
part are Silas Stow, & Moris S Miller Esqrs. Men of influ 
ence, and who I am persuaded will reflect honour on the cause. 
They have not yet a sufficient number quallified, according to 
law to form a Vestry, but considering the rapid Settlement of 
the country, and the other favourable circumstances, it is prob 
able they will soon be able to do it. I heard of several other 
places on the River where it was thought probable there might 
be Societies formed, particularly at Brownville : but my time 
wou'd now alow me to visit them. It might be of considerable 
importance to direct a Missionary particularly to that part. 

At Sherburn also there are a number of families who meet 
every Sabbath. They appear to be industrious, tho' at present 

C 349 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

have acquired but little property. They are very much in want 
of a few books. 

On the Unadilla, M? Nash informed me there is a prospect 
of forming a respectable Society. There seems likewise to be 
some prospect of this nature at Cooperstown and at Cherry 
Valley. But if we would be successful at either of these places, 
it is necessary that something be done pretty soon, and espe 
cially if we would be successful at Cherry Valley. Indeed, I 
fear the present opportunity will be the only one. There is at 
present no preaching there, and it is the intention of the people, 
to have him, whoever takes upon him that office, likewise be 
an instructor in their Academy, and it is further the intention 
of some of the principal characters in town, that he should be 
a Episcopalian. 

I was particularly requested by Do6t. White to represent this 
their situation to you, and likewise to desire you, if possable, 
to recommend some one, whom you should think adequate to 
the task. 

The situation of the Church at Duansburgh is more easily 
concieved than expressed. The destitute condition in which 
it has been, ever since the death of M^ Wetmore, has proved 
very unfavourable to it. Indeed, it appears, from the informa 
tion given me by General North, that unless some assistance 
is speedily granted them it must inevitably go to ruin: and 
this, the present indefatigable industry of the Presbyterians 
will contribute very much to bring about. The family under 
whose patronage it has heretofore been, seem willing to do, 
in addition to what they have already done, every thing that is 
reasonable for its maintainance and encouragement. It might, 
therefore possably be worthy the consideration of the Society 
for propagating &c to consider, whether, in gratitude to that 
family, there ought not some assistance to be granted it. 

C 350 ] 



JUDD TO MOORE 

M* Duane's desire is, to procure a Young man, who, together 
with parochial duties, will likewise be Instructor in his family, 
whose services he will handsomely reward. And this, he says, 
is the only method, by which, they can hope to succeed in 
reestablishing their Church. 

Rev Sir; I shall now, with your permission, consider my Mis 
sion as finished. I intend however if opportunity offers, to 
revisit some of the neighbouring parishes. 

I shall still consider it my duty, to wait your advice concern 
ing my future employment, & I say again, I am willing to 
make tryal wherever you may think it best. 

If the Society can afford me some pecuniary assistance, my 
wages either whole, or in part, I shall consider myself as their 
much obliged Servant. 

With due respe6l, I am your obliged 

and humble Servant. 

JONATHAN JUDD. 
Rx:REv D Bp: MOORE. 

Superscription : 

RT. REV? BENJAMIN MOORE, New York. 



ANNOTATIONS 

Paris Hill. 

For notice of St. Paul's Church, Paris Hill, see Volume II, page 499. 

Trinity Church, Lowville. 

The town of Lowville, Lewis County, is in what is known as the Black 
River region. It was a part of theOneida Country, and formed a portion 
of the Macomb purchase in 1791. When surveyed it was known as 
town No. 1 1 . It retained that designation until the present town was 
formed March 14, 1800. Nicholas Low of New York City, a wealthy 
merchant and banker, bought extensively in this region in partnership 

C 351 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

with several others. In the division made in 1796 the present towns of 
Adams, Watertown, and Lowvillefell to him. Silas Stow was his agent 
in the settlement, and the first town meeting was held at his house. 
The earliest recorded religious service was held by the Rev. Mr. Cin- 
ney, November 29, 1799. It is uncertain to what religious body he 
belonged. He was followed by several Methodist itinerants, includ 
ing Joseph Willis, the eccentric Lorenzo Dow, and Mr. Hassenclever. 
Judge Kelley, a famous Free Will Baptist exhorter, held services at 
Stow's Square from 1798 until 1806. As early as 1800 Judge Stow 
gathered the Churchmen in the community in his own house, where 
he read the service and sermon to them. A Congregational Church was 
organized December 3, 1803, at Stow's Square, under the Rev. Ira 
Hart of Connecticut. In 1805 a Congregational Church was gathered 
at Lowville, and organized September 18, 1807. The Methodist So 
ciety built a church in 1805, and a Baptist Church was incorporated 
September 8, 1824. The efforts of Jonathan Judd, Amos G. Baldwin, 
and other missionaries, as well as the zeal of Judge Stow, seem to 
have been without permanent results. Bishop Hobart visited the town 
and confirmed several persons in 1 8 1 8 . It then formed a part of the mis 
sion field of the Rev. Joshua M. Rogers of Turin. Finally, there was 
sufficient encouragement to organize a parish. A meeting was held Sep 
tember 24, 1828, when Kent Jarvis and George Lyman were elected 
wardens, and Leonard Harding, L. S. Standring, Albert Strickland, 
George D. Ruggles, Henry Butler, Samuel Wood, Ambrose W. Clark, 
and Merritt M. Norton, vestrymen. The Rev. Edward A. Renouf pre 
sided, and was chosen rector. The name adopted was Trinity Church, 
Lowville. A church was built in 1846, and consecrated by Bishop 
De Lancey in November of that year. A tower was erected and a bell 
purchased in 18 53. The rectory was built in 1857. On March 1, 1912, 
the Rev. William Angus Braithwaite, who for six years previously had 
been rector of Emmanuel Church, Adams, New York, assumed the 
rectorship of Trinity Church, Lowville. As reported in the American 
Church Almanac for 1912, one hundred and sixty-two communicants 
were recorded. 

Onondaga. 

For notice see Volume III, page 129. 

[ 352 3 






JUDD TO MOORE 

Christ Church, Sherburne. 

This town was formed from Paris, Oneida County, March 5, 1795. 
It is on the northern border of Chenango County, east of the centre. 
It is watered by the Chenango River, which flows through the town 
in a southeasterly direction and receives as tributaries Handsome and 
Mad Brooks. The Chenango canal passes through the valley and runs 
parallel to the river. The first settler was Major Brooks, a leader in 
"Shays' Rebellion," who came into the valley in 1790. He was fol 
lowed in 1792 by Joseph Gutherie, who built his cabin near the pres 
ent Sherburne village. In 1793 a company from New England took up 
a large tract of land in the southwestern part of the township, then 
known as Number Nine. 

Among its members were Nathaniel Gray, Joel Hatch, Abraham, 
James, and Newcomb Raymond, Joseph, John, and Eleazar Lothrop, 
with their families. Before their own cabins were finished they erected 
a log meeting-house, in which, on the Sunday after their arrival, they 
gave thanks for the protecting care of Almighty God in bringing them 
to their new home. In July, 1794, a Congregational Church and Society 
was organized by the Rev. Mr. Campbell, who is said to have been sent 
by the Connecticut Missionary Society. He was followed by the Rev. 
Moses C.Walch, Ammi R. Robbins, SethWilliston, Walter King, 
and others, who officiated for short periods while on missionary tours. 
Permanent church organizations were effected early in the nineteenth 
century, including the Baptists, Methodists, Congregationalists, Uni- 
versalists, and one or two union churches. The work of missionaries 
of the American Church was intermittent. On June 7, 1828, a meet 
ing was held at the school-house under the presidency of the Rev. 
Russell Wheeler, rector of Zion Church, Butternuts, and St. Andrew's 
Church, New Berlin, and a parish was organized by the name of 
Christ Church, Sherburne. Thomas Kershaw and Henry N. Fargo 
were chosen wardens ; Asa Foote, Reuben Davis, Amasa Skinner, 
Alexander Holmes, Alson Upham, Peter J. Davidson, David Skin 
ner, and Jonathan Thayer, vestrymen. The Rev. Edward Andrews, 
who had been made deacon by Bishop Hobart, October 1, 1827, and 
was then principal of the academy at Oxford in the same county, 
was put in charge, giving to Sherburne one-quarter of his time, and 
he was also to officiate at New Berlin. Mr. Fargo, the junior warden, 
became the lay reader for the other Sundays. He was a store-keeper in 

C 353 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

the town, and it was largely through his efforts that the parish was 
founded. In 1831 a church was built and a bell purchased at a cost of 
two thousand five hundred dollars. Trinity Church, New York City, 
and John Watts of that city gave five hundred dollars each. The larg 
est subscriptions in the town were from Thomas Kershaw, Amasa 
Skinner, and Henry N. Fargo, who gave one hundred dollars each. 
In 1832 the Rev. John W. Woodward, who had been made deacon by 
Bishop Onderdonk, September 25, 1831, and was then missionary at 
Richfield, Otsego County, took charge, giving one-half of his time. 
In August, 1832, Liberty Alonzo Barrows, who had been made dea 
con by Bishop Onderdonk, July 1 of that year, became missionary at 
New Berlin and Sherburne. He remained there for six years, and es 
tablished both parishes on a firm basis. Thomas J. Ruger and Thomas 
Tow ell served until 1842, when Mr. Barrows resumed the rector 
ship. In 1846 he was succeeded by the Rev. William Dexter Wilson, 
afterward professor of moral and intellectual philosophy in Cornell 
University and the first dean of St. Andrew's Divinity School, Syra 
cuse. He attained great distinction as a philosopher, theologian, and 
author. He died July 30, 1900, in his eighty -fifth year. His successors 
to 1904 have been Lewis H. Corson, Thomas Applegate, George L. 
Foote, Joshua L. Burrows, Thomas L. Randolph, Thomas A. Ste 
venson, William Ernest Allen, Frederick Brymer Keable, Antoine 
George Singsen, and Allen Grant Wilson. In 1904 Christopher John 
Lambert became rector, and was in office in March, 1912. As recorded 
in the American Church Almanac for 1912, the number of commu 
nicants was one hundred and sixteen. 

Emmanuel Church, Norwich. 

The town of Norwich, Chenango County, was formed from Union, 
Broome County, and Jericho, now Bainbridge, January 19, 1793. Its 
surface is composed of gently undulating ridges, separated by the val 
ley of the Chenango. It is watered by the Chenango River in its western 
part and by the Unadilla on the east. The first settler was Avery Power, 
in 1788. He was followed by David Fairchild, Silas Cole, William 
Smiley, Nicholas Pickett, Major Thomas Brooks, Israel, Charles, and 
Matthew Graves, Mark, William, and Stephen Steere, John Randall, 
and John McNitt. The first inn was kept by Benjamin Edmund, and 
Jonathan Johnson was the first physician. The Rev. Manasseh French, 

t 354 ] 



JUDD TO MOORE 

a Baptist minister, held the first religious services in 1793 and 1794, 
and was followed by Elder Elisha Ransom. A Presbyterian Church 
was organized in 1798, by the Rev. John Camp, who remained in the 
town three years and preached to all the people. He was followed by 
the Rev. Jonathan Haskell. Services were intermittent until the Rev. 
Joel Benedict of the Connecticut Missionary Society reorganized the 
Church in June, 1814. Methodist services were held from 1824 by 
" Father Reynolds," and a Church organized January 13, 1827. The 
work done by Jonathan Judd, Davenport Phelps, and other early mis 
sionaries of the Church seems to have aroused only a temporary in 
terest. A meeting for the organization of a parish was held under the 
presidency of the Rev. Liberty Alonzo Barrows at the court-house, 
September 17, 1832, when the name chosen was Emmanuel Church, 
Norwich. The wardens elected were David E. S. Bedford and Smith 
M. Purdy. The vestrymen were Jason Gleason, Thomas Milner, David 
Griffing, Philander B. Prindle, John Clapp, Henry De Forest Waller, 
M. Conkey, and Squire Smith. Mr. Barrows was elected rector. A 
church was built in 1834, next west to the Palmer House, which 
was consecrated June 4, 1836, by Bishop Onderdonk. Mr. Barrows 
resigned in 1836, and was succeeded by the Rev. John A. Bray ton, 
who remained only a year, when Mr. Barrows resumed the charge 
of the parish and served until 1842. His successors have been David 
M. Fackler, Joseph Ransom, Samuel Goodale, Joshua L. Harrison, 
Stephen Douglass, N.Walton Monroe; James Abercrombie, during 
whose administration a recess chancel was added to the church and 
a rectory built in 1857; James W. Capen, William T. Early, Edward 
C. Lewis; Daniel E. Loveridge, by whose efforts a stone church was 
built in 1875 at a cost of twenty-five thousand dollars ; Edward Bay 
ard Smith, Montgomery M. Goodwin, Harry Dows Stebbins, and 
William de Lancey Benton. The rector in March, 1912, was Harrison 
W. Foreman. The number of communicants, as recorded in the Amer 
ican Church Almanac for 1912, was two hundred and eighty-five. 

Daniel Nash. 

For sketch see Volume III, page 110. 

Fly Creek, Otego. 
For notice see Volume II, page 501. 

355 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Grace Church , Cherry Valley. 

This town is in the northeastern corner of Otsego County. It contains 
the highest land elevations in the county, and is watered by tributaries 
of the Mohawk in the northern part, and by the head branches of the 
Susquehanna in the central and the southern portion of the town. It 
was formed as a town from Canajoharie, Montgomery County, Febru 
ary 1 6, 1 79 1 . It had been settled under a patent granted by Lieu tenant- 
Governor George Clark in 1738 to John Lindesay of Scottish birth, 
who had been naval officer of the port of New York, Jacob Roseboom, 
and others. Mr. Lindesay settled on his patent with his father-in-law, 
Lieutenant Congreve, and some servants in 1739. He was soon joined 
by David Ramsay and James Campbell with their families, who had 
purchased large tracts from the proprietors. They were Scotch Irish, 
who had temporarily located in Londonderry, New Hampshire. In 
1741 the Rev. Samuel Dunlop of Ireland, a graduate of Trinity Col 
lege, Dublin, a licensed minister of the Presbyterian Church, brought 
to the settlement William Gait, William Dickson, and others from the 
north of Ireland. John Wells from Ireland settled in the village in 1744. 
Mr. Dunlop was a good classical scholar and opened a school in his 
own house. It is traditional that he often taught his pupils the proper 
method of scanning Homer and Virgil while driving the plough on his 
farm. Soon after his arrival a church was built on the hill north of 
Mr. Lindesay 's house. It was the first in which English was used west 
of the Hudson River. It was known as the Presbyterian Church of 
Cherry Valley. 

During the Revolution Colonel Walter Butler made furious raids upon 
the settlements west of Albany, killing and taking captive all who had 
renounced their allegiance to the British Crown. He was aided by In 
dians in his employ. It has often been asserted that the famous Mohawk 
chief, Joseph Brant, was equally ferocious, and that much of the terror 
that spread among the defenceless women and children left at home 
while their husbands and sons were in the Continental Army was due 
to his manner and cruel deeds. More thorough investigation has shown 
that he endeavoured to mitigate the horrors of these raids. The descent 
upon Cherry Valley was made November 1 1, 1778, when nearly all the 
inhabitants were brutally killed and the town burned. 

After the close of the Revolution the few who survived returned and 
energetically commenced the work of rebuilding and attracting new 

C 356 ] 



JUDD TO MOORE 

settlers. The "ancient inhabitants" met October 5, 1785, and reor 
ganized the Presbyterian Society. Colonel Samuel Clyde, John Camp 
bell, Jr., and James Willson were chosen as trustees. No attempt was 
then made to build a new church. The records of that organization 
and extant documents show that from 1787 to 1794 Cherry Valley 
was visited by a clergyman whose name is given as " Mr. Russell" 
from Connecticut, who was said to be in the orders of the Church. 
No such name is found in any clergy list now available. He may have 
been an English clergyman who was temporarily in New England and 
New York. The services held by him were attended by all the people 
of the town. The Rev. Eliphalet Nott became the Presbyterian minister 
in 1795. In 1797 the Rev. Thomas Ellison of St. Peter's, Albany, made 
avisitas far as theUnadilla. In the course of it he was in Cherry Valley, 
and under his guidance the Churchmen of the town organized a parish 
by the name of Trinity Church, Cherry Valley. Services were held by 
Father Nash from 1798 to 1806. The parish was incorporated in 1803 
with Ephraim Hudson and Elijah Holt as wardens, and Benjamin Gil 
bert, James Scott, John Butcher, John Walton, and Cyrenus Stoddard 
as vestrymen. Until Mr. Nash commenced, about 1806, to hold ser 
vices regularly at Cooperstown, services were held only occasionally in 
Cherry Valley. On December 18, 1806, a meeting of parish delegates 
arranged for systematic ministrations in each parish in Otsego County. 
Frederick Trenck Tiffany, who, after he had been made deacon in St. 
John's Chapel, New York City, April 21, 1820, took charge of Christ 
Church, Cooperstown, extended his labours to Cherry Valley in 1823. 
He reported to the Convention of the diocese that year four baptisms, 
one death, and seventeen communicants. In 1826 he reported that the 
congregation had suffered greatly by deaths and removals. How long 
Mr. Tiffany continued to have charge of Cherry Valley is uncertain. 
In 1838 the Rev. Timothy Minor was officiating at Westford and 
Cherry Valley. In that year he styles himself "Rector of Trinity 
Church. ' ' The services held by Mr. Minor resulted in a reorganization 
of the parish. Subscriptions were gathered for the building of a church, 
and on Easter Monday, April 13, 1846, the corner-stone was laid by the 
Rev. Joseph Ransom, then officiating in the parish. The Rev. Alfred 
Baury Beach of Cooperstown and a large congregation were present. A 
service was held in the Protestant Methodist Church, at which a parish 
was organized by the name of Grace Church, Cherry Valley. James W. 

c 357 n 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Brackett and Henry Roseboom were elected wardens, and Benjamin 
Davis, George W. White, Charles McLean, B. B. Provost, David L. 
White, Joseph Calder, Amos K. Swan, and William Oliver were 
elected vestrymen. Mr. Ransom was elected rector. His successors to 
1911 have been I. Leander Townsend, John Dowdney, George H. 
Nicholls, Flavel Scott Mines, David L. Schwartz, Henry H. Oberly, 
John Henry Hobart De Mille, Reeve Hobbie, James Earl Hall, Cuth- 
bert Ogilvie S. Kearton, and Thomas Elliott Calvert. In March, 1912, 
the rector was Charles Wesley Schiffer. As recorded in the American 
Church Almanac for 1912, there were one hundred and forty com 
municants. 

Mr. Creasie. 

After careful research the name of Creasie was not found in any pub 
lication upon Cherry Valley. 

Christ Church y Duanesburgh. 
For notice see Volume II, page 437. 

Silas Stow. 

The town of Lowville in Lewis County, New York, was purchased 
by Nicholas Low of New York City, in 1795. It was formed from 
Mexico, Oswego County, and other towns about 1800. Mr. Low ap 
pointed Silas Stow as his agent. Mr. Stow was born in Middlefield, 
Connecticut, December 21, 1773. He was the youngest in a family 
of eight children. He received a common school education, and studied 
law in Middletown, but soon abandoned it to make a new home on 
the banks of the Black River. He was agent for the settlement of 
Leyden, and in 1797 was made by Mr. Low agent for Lowville. He 
managed his trust admirably, and secured settlers of sterling char 
acter. Mr. Low gave him a tract of eight thousand acres, known as 
Stow's Square. He was judge of Oneida County in 1801. He served 
in Congress from 1811 to 1813, was sheriff in 1814, and in 1815 was 
made county judge of Lewis County and served until 1823. He was 
regarded as a sound lawyer, a man of real talent, and was thoroughly 
respected. He died January 19, 1827. He married Mary Ruggles of 
Boston in 1801. Three sons attained eminence. 

[ 358 ] 



J JUDD TO MOORE 

Morris S. Miller. 

Morris S. Miller had been private secretary to Governor Jay. He 
became agent for Mr. Low in 1802, and served until 1806. He re 
moved to Utica, where he was an active member and vestryman of 
Trinity Church. He served in Congress, and was first judge of Oneida 
County from 1810 to his death, November 16, 1824, in the forty- 
fifth year of his age. He married Miss Blucker of Albany. His son, 
Morris S., was a lawyer of prominence in Utica and vestryman of 
Trinity Church. Judge Miller stood high in the regard of his asso 
ciates at the bar and the people of Utica. 

St. Paul's Church^ Brownville. 

The town of Brownville, Jefferson County, was formed from Leyden, 
April 1, 1802. It was a part of the territory ceded in 1788 by the 
Oneida Indians to the State of New York and confirmed by the United 
States in 1784. It was included in the extensive purchase in 1791 by 
Alexander Macomb. Under the bill of sale to Peter Chassanis of Paris 
for two hundred and ten thousand acres, Jacob Brown of New York 
City with his father purchased of the American agent in 1799 the plot 
on which the town was laid out. Some particulars of the settlement 
will be found in the sketch of General Brown, Volume III, page 238. 
The earliest religious organization was at Perch River, and called the 
Brownville Baptist Church. Ten members were enrolled at the meet 
ing held September 7, 1806, by Elder John W. Collins. OnJanuary 10, 
1816, under Elder Little, a more permanent Church and society was 
formed. A Presbyterian Church was soon after gathered and incor 
porated. So far as can now be known, in addition to Mr. Judd, the 
Rev. Amos Glover Baldwin and Joshua M. Rogers were the only 
clergymen of the Church who visited the town before 1825. A meet 
ing for the organization of a parish was held October 13, 1826. The 
Rev. William Linn Keese presided. The name chosen was St. Paul's 
Church, Brownville. Thomas Yardley How and Thomas Loomis were 
elected wardens ; Asa Whitney, Tracy S. Knapp, Sylvester Reed, S. 
Brown, William S. Ely, Peleg Burchard, Edmund Kirby, and Hoel 
Lawrence were elected vestrymen. Mr. Keese was placed in charge. He 
was a graduate of the General Theological Seminary in 1826, and had 
been made deacon by Bishop Hobart, July 12, 1826. Mr. Keese was 
missionary for the whole county, and held services at Sackett's Har- 

C 359 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

bor, Watertown, and other places. In his report for 1827 to the Con 
vention of the diocese he says : 

" At Brownville, an Episcopal Church has recently been organized. 
Our success here has been of a character to call forth the loudest notes 
of thanksgiving and praise to Him who doth according to his will, 
not only in the armies of heaven, but among the inhabitants of earth. 
In a place, where, previously to the commencement of my labours, the 
voice of an Episcopal Clergyman had only once or twice been heard, 
numbers have expressed the most decided preference for our Church's 
exhibition of divine truth, and manifested a marked partiality for our 
evangelical liturgy. ' ' [Joumalof the Diocese of New York, 1827,/>.47.] 

Mr. Keese removed to Albany in 1830 to become rector of St. Paul's 
Church. Here he worked far beyond his strength, and in 1832 was 
obliged to seek rest in the south. He died in 1836, sincerely mourned. 
The Rev. Joseph H. Price, his friend and successor at St. Paul's, after 
ward rector of St. Stephen's, New York City, says: 

"He was one of those rare spirits we commonly denominate nature's 
noblemen, but as I love to trace all that is good in man to the great 
first cause of all things, I think his patent of nobility was from Divine 
grace. He had no sympathy with anything mean, suspicious, or 
contemptible. His piety was robust and manly." [Dr. Price's Sermon, 
St. Paul's Semi- Centennial, p. 24.] 

The Rev . Amos C. Tread way , who had been missionary at New Hart 
ford, Oneida County, where he was ordained priest by Bishop Hobart, 
October 5, 1826, was the successor of Mr. Keese in Jefferson County. 
Under his supervision there was progress and encouragement. In his 
first report to the Convention Mr. Treadway noted "the distracted 
state "of other religious organizations, and the fact that there was 
"but one settled minister of the Presbyterian denomination, in this 
large County," and urged the sending of " one or two efficient clergy 
men. "In August, 183 7, Ferdinand Rogers became rector. He devel 
oped the work, and organized a new parish in 1839, called All Saints', 
in that part of the town known as Dexter. Services had been com 
menced by Mr. Treadway in 1836. A church was built in 1839, at 
a cost of two thousand dollars. In 1846 Mr. Rogers removed to Greene, 
Chenango County, where he spent the remainder of his life. He died 
January 17, 1876. He was succeeded by William Henry Hill, who, 
giving up brilliant prospects at the bar to enter the holy ministry, 

C 360 3 



JUDD TO MOORE 

was made deacon by Bishop De Lancey, December 17, 1846, and 
in 1850 became rector of Zion Church, Morris. Mr. Hill was suc 
ceeded by George B. Eastman. In 1855 the Rev. Andrew Oliver be 
came rector. After an incumbency of three years he removed to Bel 
lows Falls, Vermont. In 1864 he was made professor of Greek and 
Latin in St. Stephen's College, Annandale, New York. In 1873 he was 
elected professor of Biblical learning in the General Theological Semi 
nary, in succession to the Rev. Dr. Samuel Seabury. He filled the chair 
with ability for twenty-four years, and died in office October 17, 1897, 
in his seventy-fourth year. His successors to 1912 have been Moses 
E. Wilson, Jedidiah Winslow, at three different periods from 1864 to 
1894, Thomas P. Tyler, Reginald H. Barnes, Thomas S. Ockford, 
D. Ellis Willes, Frederick P. Winne, Albert Danker, George Max 
well, Horace B. Goodyear, Gustav Edmund Purucker, Robert West- 
lake Bowman, and Gilbert A. Shaw. The rector in March, 1912, was 
George Alexander Perry. There are, as recorded in the American 
Church Almanac for 1912, seventy-two communicants. 

Christ Church, Cooper stown. 

On March 7, 1788, a new town was formed in Montgomery County and 
called Otsego. Within its limits was originally comprised the greater 
part of the present Otsego County. The town as now constituted oc 
cupied the hilly upland and intervales between Otsego and Schuyler 
lakes. It was a portion of the land patent, for one hundred thousand 
acres, granted to Colonel George Croghan in 1769 in place of a large 
tract of land lying in Pennsylvania given him by the Iroquois Indians, 
but which was included in the cession of Indian lands to the Crown 
made by the treaty of Fort Stanwix, November 5,1768, negotiated with 
great skill by Sir William Johnson. In the attempt to settle his new 
possessions Colonel Croghan mortgaged them to Sir William Frank 
lin, governor of New Jersey, a son of Benjamin Franklin. Unable to 
meet the payments upon the mortgage, it was foreclosed, and about 
1782 William Cooper and Andrew Craig of Burlington, New Jersey, 
came into possession of them. William Cooper was a lawyer of reputa 
tion, and determined to settle upon the lands families who would im 
prove them. In the fall of 1785 he took the long journey to Otsego, and 
had the first glimpse of the beautiful country around the lake from the 
top of a tree on Mount Vision, east of the present Cooperstown. In 1786 

C 361 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

the firstactual settlers came : John Miller, Israel Guild, the widow John 
son, John Howard, Elihu Phinney, Mr. Averell, and others. William 
Ellison opened an inn in 1786. In 1788 Joshua Dewey started a school, 
and the first store-keeper was Rich ardR. Smith, in!789.In 1790Judge 
Cooper removed his family to the settlement, which had been laid out 
in a village by the name of Cooperstown. He built a house for himself, 
and energetically developed his property. In 1797 he built the Eliza 
bethan mansion known as Otsego Hall. Through his well-directed 
efforts more than forty thousand persons had become resident of the 
county and adjacent territory up to 1810. 

Cooperstown has long been the chief village in Otsego township, and 
is the capital of the county. Judge Cooper was of Quaker descent, but 
had associations with St. Mary's Church in Burlington. No regular 
religious services appear to have been held in the village until 1798, 
when a Presbyterian Society was formed, and on June 16, 1800, ten 
persons, among whom were Stephen Warden, Timothy Sabin, George 
McKensey, and Thomas Tanner, signed the covenant and were incor 
porated as a church. The Rev. Elisha Mosely presided at the meeting 
and preached a sermon. The Rev. Isaac Lewis was chosen as pastor, 
and installed October 1, 1800, when the sermon was preached by the 
Rev. R. Smith of Schenectady, and the charges to the pastor and 
people were given by the Rev. Eliphalet Nott of Albany and the Rev. 
J. Coe of Troy. It is said that Baptist prayer-meetings were held soon 
after the settlement, but no Church organization was effected until June 
21, 1834,'and a church was built in 1836. The Methodists held ser 
vices as early as 1814 in the court-house, the school-house, and private 
houses; they were formally organized October 22, 1816, under the 
Rev. Benjamin G. Paddock, and erected a church building in 1819 on 
the west side of Chestnut Street. The Roman Catholics of the village 
were few until after 1840. In 1847 regular services were held by the 
Rev. Mr. Gilbride. Their first church was built in 1851, and their 
present edifice in 1868. In his " Historic Records of Christ Church," 
George Pomeroy Keese records on page 3 : 

"Mr. Cooper, in his 'Chronicles of Cooperstown,' says: 'On the 
10th day of September, 1800, the eldest daughter of Judge Cooper 
was killed by a fall from a horse. Her funeral sermon was preached 
by the Rev. Daniel Nash, of the Protestant Episcopal Church, and she 
was interred according to the rites of that church, which were now 

C 362 ] 



JUDD TO MOORE 

performed for the first time in this village. Mr. Nash, since so well 
known in his own church for his apostolic simplicity, under the name 
of Father Nash, was then a missionary in the county. From this time 
he began to extend his services to Cooperstown.' ' 

Only a single service is known to have been held previously in 
Cooperstown. In the course of his missionary tour in 1797 the Rev. 
Thomas Ellison of St. Peter's Church, Albany, officiated in the court 
house to the great acceptance of the people. He was an intimate friend 
of Judge Cooper, his frequent correspondent, and to him the judge en 
trusted the early education of his son James Fenimore, whose * ' Pio 
neers ' ' and Leather Stocking Tales have made the beauty of Coopers- 
town and the surrounding country known to every one. At that time 
there did not seem any encouragement for a parish organization. 
Mr. Nash faithfully gave all the time he could to the growing work 
in Cooperstown from 1806, when he made it a regular station in his 
circuit. The growth of the county was rapid. In 1806 Judge Cooper 
gave a plot of ground for a church and burial-ground. 

A subscription was opened, and with the sum of fifteen hundred 
dollars granted by the corporation of Trinity Church, this was suffi 
cient for the erection of a plain brick building. Miss Susan Fenimore 
Cooper, in her "Rural Hours," as quoted on page 4 of the "Historic 
Records of Christ Church," says: 

* The oldest tomb, belonging to the good people of this little town 
lies within the bounds of the Episcopal church-yard, and bears the 
date of 1792. It was that of a child. Close at hand is another stone 
bearing date two years later, and marking the grave of the first adult 
who fell among the little band of colonists. At the time these graves 
were dug the spot was in a wild condition, upon the border of the 
forest, the woods having been only partially cut away. In a few years 
other members of the little community died, at intervals, and they 
were also buried here, until the spot had gradually taken its pres 
ent character of a bury ing-ground. The rubbish was cleared away, 
place was made for those who must follow, and ere many years had 
passed the brick walls of a little church rose within the enclosure 
and were consecrated to the worship of the Almighty by the vener 
able Bishop Benjamin Moore, on the 8th day of July, 1810. 

' Thus this piece of ground was set apart for its solemn purposes 
while shaded by the woods, and before it had been appropriated to 

363 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

common uses ; the soil was first broken by the spade of the grave-dig 
ger, and Death is the only reaper who has gathered his harvest here. 

"The greater number of the trees now in the ground are pines, and 
a more fitting one than the white pine of America, for a Christian church 
yard, could scarcely be named. With all the gravity and unchanging 
character of an evergreen, it has not the dull gloom of the cypress 
or the yew ; its growth is noble, and more than any other variety of 
the tribe it holds murmuring communion with the mysterious winds, 
waving in tones of subdued melancholy over the humble graves at 
its feet." 

The parish was organized by the name of Christ Church, Coopers- 
town. Mr. Nash was elected rector ; Daniel Johnson of Fly Creek and 
Orlo Allen of Cooperstown were chosen wardens ; and Isaac Cooper, 
Richard Davidson, Ira Starr, John F. Ernst, Elijah H. Metcalf, Cal 
vin Comstock, Asael Jar vis, and William T. Latin, vestrymen. In 1815 
measures were adopted to obtain further subscriptions ' ' for the purpose 
of completing the Church, painting the steeple, &c." Mr. Nash was 
still vigorously at work both in Cooperstown and elsewhere, and saw 
many gratifying results. He seems to have served for ten years as 
rector of Cooperstown without any stated salary. At a vestry meet 
ing held in August, 1817, the following action was taken: 

'When, after much friendly conversation and many observations 
respecting the general welfare of the church, and the pecuniary situa 
tion of the Reverend and worthy Rector, it was understood that all pre 
vious services were settled for and done away. But still, as the Vestry 
had a high sense of past services, they were willing, as far as in them 
lie, to reward accordingly, as maybe perceived by the following. There 
being a sufficient number present to form a Vestry, it was called : 

' ' Resolved, That the Vestry of Christ Church pay to the Rev. Daniel 
Nash, for his services in said church every other Sunday, from 1st of 
August, 1817, to 31st of July, 1818, two hundred and fifty dollars. 

"A request being made to Rev. Mr. Nash if this sum would answer 
his expectations, he replied that he would willingly accept the same. 
There being a prospect of some surplusage, the following was passed : 

"Resolved, That after paying the few incidental expenses attend 
ing the church for said year, the remainder of the balance of the sale 
of the pews be paid to Rev. Daniel Nash for past services." [Historic 
Records of Christ Church, p. 6.] 

C 364 3 



JUDD TO MOORE 

In 1818 the vestry received a letter from Mr. Nash signifying his 
intention of resigning the rectorship ; but he reconsidered the matter, 
and was relieved by the appointment of Frederick Trenck Tiffany as 
lay reader by Bishop Hobart at the request of the vestry. Mr. Nash 
still visited Cooperstown regularly for all necessary pastoral work, and 
was nominally rector until his death in 1836. Mr. Tiffany was made 
deacon by Bishop Hobart in St. John's Chapel, New York City, April 
21, 1820. In June of that year he was chosen minister-in-charge of 
Christ Church, and for several years he held services also in Cherry 
Valley. In 1828 a Sunday-school was organized under the super 
intendence of Mr. Pomeroy. It was before this assembly of children 
and their parents that John Adams Dix, then a young lawyer in the 
village, afterward general and governor of New York, made his first 
attempt at public speaking. His son, the Rev. Dr. Morgan Dix, says 
in his "Memoir," volume i, page 90: 

1 * In Cooperstown my father made his first attempt at public speak 
ing. The Rev. Mr. Tiffany, pastor of the Episcopal Church, invited him 
to address the Sunday-school. The occasion must have been deemed 
important, for he made elaborate preparation ; and having written out 
what he intended to say, and, as he supposed, committed it perfectly 
to memory, set forth, rashly leaving the manuscript at home. 'I re 
member, ' writes one who was present, 'just how he looked, as he stood 
a short distance from the front pews. He went on very smoothly for 
some time; but then, forgetting what came next, and becoming con 
fused, and not being especially familiar with the subject, he had to 
make his way out of it as best he could. I was so confused myself that 
I never could remember how he did it. When we reached home the 
first thing he asked was how I felt when he broke down. He often spoke 
of it in after-years, with great amusement over his ill-success on that 
first appearance as a public speaker.' ' 

In 1831 a corner lot adjoining the church was purchased and a 
rectory built. The parish was now able to support itself, and from that 
time relinquished a missionary stipend. In 1840 many changes were 
made in the church building, which Mr. Keese thus notes on page 12 
of his ' ' Historic Records : ' ' 

' ' In the summer of this year extensive additions and alterations were 
made in the Church building, at a cost of about $3,000. The rear 
wall was removed and a stone chancel erected. A screen of oak formed 

C 365 H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

the west end and separated the body of the Church from the robing- 
room. In front of this was the prayer desk, with the pulpit above, which 
was entered from stairs in the rear. The design for this screen was 
procured from the church in Johnstown, Fulton County. Mr.Feni- 
more Cooper was much interested in its construction, and the cost, 
about $300, was his contribution toward the improvements made at 
that time. In addition to this, the entire woodwork of the interior of 
the building was replaced by native oak, the semi-circular gallery re 
moved, and the brackets, which support the roof, took the place of the 
tall white columns. The old round topped windows were narrowed 
and changed to the gothic style with pointed arches. New carpets 
and chancel furniture completed the improvements." 

Mr. Tiffany's health had been failing for some years, and he resigned 
May 12, 1845, with the hope of being able to take some parish where 
the work would not be so arduous. In 1853 he revived the parish at 
Claverack, Columbia County, New York, where he built a church in 
1856, and worked devotedly until his death in September, 1863. He 
was succeeded by the Rev. Alfred Baury Beach, a graduate of the 
General Theological Seminary in 1845. He had been made deacon 
by Bishop Onderdonk, with other members of the seminary class, 
June 29 of that year. He remained for three years. He was afterward 
for two years rector of St. John's, Canandaigua, and for forty-five 
years rector and rector emeritus of St. Peter's Church, New York City. 
He died at Cooperstown, October 6,1897, in the seventy-seventh year 
of his age. 

Stephen Henry Baltin, who had been made deacon by Bishop Onder 
donk, July 3, 1842, with other members of the class of 1842 in the 
General Theological Seminary, and was then rector of Zion Church, 
Rome, New York, was elected rector at a meeting of the vestry held 
November 10, 1848, and remained in office for ten years. In 1853 a 
spire was erected in place of the old tower and a new bell purchased. 
Mr. Baltin subsequently became rector of Christ Church, Jersey City, 
and died February 23, 1893, in his seventieth year. His successors to 
1884 were Stephen Henry Symott, during whose rectorship the church 
was enlarged by the addition of transepts and a new chancel in 1864 ; 
D. Hillhouse Buel, afterward principal of the Ravenscroft Theologi 
cal Training School, Asheville, North Carolina ; Philip Auld Harri 
son Brown, afterward vicar of St. John's Chapel, Trinity Parish, New 

366 3 



JUDD TO MOORE 

York City ; Brady Electus Backus, afterward rector of the Church 
of the Holy Apostles, New York City ; William W . Lord ; and Caspar 
M. Wines. The Rev. Charles Sanford Olmsted, then rector of Trinity 
Church, Morley , in the Diocese of Albany, was elected rector in June, 
1884. Under his administration many improvements were made, which 
Mr. Keese, in his " Historic Records," thus notes on page 33, the re 
sult of the vestry meeting held in June, 1890: 

"Messrs. Keese, Bassett and Tuttle were appointed a committee on 
Church improvement, who should inspect the Church building and 
report what changes and additions are desirable. Subsequently the 
committee made a report, which was laid on the table, to receive a 
communication from the children of the late Mrs. Carter, which led 
to the adoption of a resolution by the Vestry : 

"Resolved, That the Vestry of Christ Church accept with much 
pleasure and gratitude the offer of Mrs. Philip A. H. Brown, Mrs. 
G. Hyde Clarke, Miss Carter and Mr. L. Averell Carter, to build a 
Chancel as a memorial to their mother, the late Mrs. J. R. A. Carter, 
and their gift of land on which to erect a portion of it. 

* l At the same meeting the Vestry authorized the purchase of the 
house and lot in the rear of the Church for the sum of $1,000, sub 
ject to the life interest of Mrs. S. K. Thompson in the same. 

Messrs. Keese, Crittenden and Hooker represented the Parish at the 
Diocesan Convention of this year. 

' The Rectory was completed during this year and occupied by the 
Rector and his family. Some changes and additions were made at 
a cost of $822.46, which was included in the report of the year, as 
follows : Parochial, $4,225.81; Diocesan, $321.50; general, $246 ; 
total, $4,793.31. 

4 There was no change in the Vestry of 1891. During this year was 
built the Carter Memorial Chancel, the corner stone of which has the 
following inscription : 

AD MAJOREM DEI GLORIAM 

ET IN MEMORIAM 

JANE RUSSELL CARTER, 

A.D. 1891. 

'This is built of native blue quarry stone, with Lake Superior red 
sand stone trimmings, and consists of an addition 30 x 40 feet, divided 

C 367 H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

into a choir, sanctuary, choir and clergy robing-rooms and choir aisle. 
The interior is finished in oak with stencil decorations. A reredos over 
the altar contains paintings of Saints with the Agnus Dei in the centre. 
A painting of the Ascension, after Hofman, 10 x 15 feet, occupies the 
rear wall of the Chancel." 

In June, 1893, the Rev. Dr. Morgan Dix, rector of Trinity Church, 
New York City, presented a fine-toned bell of one thousand five hun 
dred pounds weight, in memory of his father, General Dix, who was 
a member of the parish from 1828 to 1830. Dr. Olmsted resigned in 
June, 1896, to accept the rectorship of St. Asaph's Church, Bala, 
Pennsylvania. Upon the death of Bishop Spalding of Colorado, Dr. 
Olmsted was elected to that see, and consecrated May 1, 1902. The 
Rev. Richmond Shreve, rector of the Church of the Holy Innocents, 
Albany, became rector in June, 1896. The prosperity of the parish 
was now at its height, and continued during* the seven years of his 
incumbency. Dr. Shreve resigned in 1903 to accept St. Peter's, 
Sherbrooke, in the Province of Quebec. The Rev. Ralph Birdsall, 
rector of St. Andrew's Church, Albany, was made rector in 1903, and 
was in office in March, 1912. As recorded in the American Church Al 
manac for 1912, there are three hundred and thirty communicants. 

Joseph White. 

Joseph White was born in the town of Chatham, Middlesex County, 
Connecticut, September 26, 1763. His father was a man of superior 
intelligence and a surveyor. He died when his only child was eight 
years old. It is said that the boy went away from home when very 
young, to make his own way in the world. During the Revolution 
he was a powder boy on an armed vessel, and was in several engage 
ments with the British. On page 624 of his "American Medical Bi 
ography," Dr. Stephen West Williams says : 

"Of this part of his life he was not in the habit of saying much. 
He remarked that the roar of the cannon affected his organs of hear 
ing so intensely that he was nearly or quite deaf. ' ' After the Revolu 
tion he studied medicine and surgery under the skilful direction of 
Dr. Oliver Fuller of Fairfield County and Dr. Gurdon Percival of East 
Haddam, Middlesex County. When he was twenty-one he passed a 
successful examination by eminent physicians of the state and was 
by them licensed to practise. He proceeded to New York State, hav- 

C 368 J 



JUDD TO MOORE 

ing, according to the family tradition, for his outfit "a horse, a valise, 
and fifty dollars in his pocket. " He settled first in Catskill, and later re 
moved to Bowman's Creek in Canajoharie, Montgomery County. After 
spending a year there he went in 1787 to Cherry Valley, in Otsego 
County. This was then a frontier town, which had been originally 
settled about 1740 by sturdy Scotchmen. It had been devastated and 
many of its inhabitants massacred, in the raid made in November, 
1 778 , by Joseph Brant, the Mohawk chief, and Captain Walter Butler 
with his Rangers and Indian allies. Brant's efforts saved many from 
a frightful death. In 1787 some of the former inhabitants had returned 
from exile, as they termed their captivity in Canada, and had been 
joined by pioneers of a sturdy and vigorous stock. By them Cherry 
Valley was made a town of great importance. Dr. White was dili 
gent in his profession, was a man of keen understanding, very ex 
act and precise in his methods of treating disease, and as a surgeon 
had no superior in the state outside of New York City. His practice 
extended over a radius of nearly seventy miles. In his "Medical Bio 
graphy," page 628, Dr. Williams remarks: "His perceptions were 
quick, but before he acted in his professional character he carefully 
examined and noted all the symptoms, and his judgement was not 
formed or acted upon until he made use of all the lights in his power, 
hence his usefulness, the value of his opinions, and the confidence 
which his practice inspired. He filled a large space in his profession, 
and his calls and rides extended from Albany to Buffalo, of about three 
hundred and fifty miles asunder, and no one acquainted, with his 
character will pretend, that his wide fame rested on anything like 
quackery. 

"He read and noted with care all genuine and useful discoveries, and 
it was wonderful, considering his numerous calls, some of which he 
even neglected, how well and exactly he knew what each modern had 
added to the science and practice of physic and surgery, and how 
readily he applied the acquisitions of each to his own business. His 
surgical operations were numerous and very generally successful." 

In 1796 he was senator for the western district in the Senate of the 
State of New York. He was a strong federalist and supporter of Gov 
ernor Jay ; as a member of the council of appointment he had so much 
influence that he was able to control the appointment of Colonel Daniel 
Hale of Albany as Secretary of State in 1798, in spite of very strong 

[ 369 H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

opposition. In 1800 he was made the first judge of the court of com 
mon pleas for Otsego County, and served until 1822. 

In 1817 Dr. White was chosen president of Fairfield Medical Col 
lege and professor of surgery also in the town of Fairfield, Herkimer 
County. His duties did not make his removal necessary, and his an 
nual courses of lectures in those institutions enhanced their reputation. 
His attainments gained for him the honour of serving for several terms 
as president of the State Medical Society. Dr. White died June 2, 
1832, in the seventieth year of his age. Two sons, Delos and Menzo, 
became noted physicans. The descendants of a daughter who mar 
ried Jacob Livingston still live on a large farm purchased by him in 
1793. Dr. White's granddaughter, Mrs. Cox, in her "Recollections," 
which form a chapter of John Sawyer's "History of Cherry Valley," 
thus describes her grandfather on page 150: 

He was a very handsome man six feet in his stockings and very 
active and powerful. He usually wore a dark green coat, long stockings 
and breeches; when riding he wore Wellington boots." 

Dr. Williams says on page 630 of his "American Medical Biogra- 
phy:" 

"His mode of travelling was on horseback. Few men could endure 
so great a measure of fatigue from this mode of travelling. For the 
robust it is, however, the most eligible and healthy and altogether 
preferable to the gig or sleigh which lead to habits of indolence and 
effeminacy. He at one time rode from Albany to his place of residence 
in Cherry Valley, fifty-three miles, without stopping. At another time 
he rode from Buffalo to Batavia, forty miles, before taking his break 
fast." 

James Griffieth Wetmore. 

For sketch see Volume II, page 240. 

William North. 

For sketch see Volume III, page 147. 

James Duane. 

For notice see Volume III, page 151. 



370 




DANIEL NASH 

[ FROM DANIEL NASH ] 

Exeter Otsego County, Nov. 1 5 1 804. 

REV D . AND DEAR SIR, 

S this is most likely the last opportunity I shall have to 
write untill the opening of the Spring, I gladly improve 
it, altho' it is but a few Days since I wrote by M r .Tunnicliff. 
I felt uncertain but what you had something you wished to 
communicate and I am fond of affording you an opportunity 
which you can have by the Bearer. I have mentioned in a Let 
ter to the Bishop the necessity of having an Academy ere6led 
in some Place at the Westward. It is the Policy of the Dis 
senters to put themselves at the head of every school of note. 
In those Places they use every Art to prejudice the minds 
of Youth against the Church. This is insufferable, and if it is 
allowed by the Episcopalians we must reap the fruit of our 
doings, in beholding our Children grow cold and indifferent 
towards those sentiments which have caused the Martyrs to 
embrace Death in every frightful form. 

At our general Meeting of the Leading members of the 
different Societies in Dec r . next I shall make a proposal that 
we shall endeavour to do something towards establishing a 
respectable School. I shall communicate whatever is interest 
ing. With respecl: to the most elegable Place, I am at a loss, 
this may occasion difficulty. My heart is fully bent in doing 
something which shall be advantageous. I wish for the best. 
May God bless you. 

Your obliged friend 

DANIEL NASH. 

Superscription : 

THE REV D . JOHN H. HOBART, New York. 
Mr. Kilburn. 

C 371 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

ANNOTATIONS 

John Tunnicliff. 

For notice see Volume III, page 220. 

Truman Kilborn. 

Mr. Kilborn was the town clerk of Burlington, Otsego County, in 

1808 and 1809. He was supervisor of the town in 1818 and 1819. 



[ 372 



JANE TONGRELOU DAYTON 

[ FROM JANE TONGRELOU DAYTON ] 

Wednesday 

DEAR SIR, 

BY M Dayton's particular request I am to inform you 
that M Beasley expired last night between 1 1 & 1 2 
OClock, the family as you may suppose are in great afflic 
tion and still undecided whether it will be practicable to keep 
the corpse untill M r . Beasley can get here, the Doctor thinks it 
may be done, but some of the connections are opposed to it 
what will be concluded on I do not yet know but as soon as 
they come to a determination you will be informed. 

If the weather should be pleasant I wish you would persuade 
Goodin to come out with you. M r . s Dayton wishes you to watch 
as much as possible for M* Beasley as she is fearful he may 
come immediately in without halting in New York, but I do 
not think it probable he will set off 'till he receives Do6l!: D's 
letter which went from here but yesterday, in very great 
haste I am 

affecY Yours 

J. T. D. 

Superscription: 

REV? M? HOBART, N 46 Greenwich Street, New York 

Endorsement: 
Nov. 29. 1804. 



ANNOTATIONS 

Mrs. Dayton. 

Mrs. Dayton was the wife of General Jonathan Dayton, noticed on 

page 335 of Volume I. Her maiden name has not been ascertained. 

Susan W. Beasley. 

Mrs. Beasley was Susan W., daughter of General Jonathan Dayton 

C 373 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

of Elizabeth Town, New Jersey. She was married to Mr. Beasley, Au 
gust 22, 1803. She died November 28, 1804. She left one daughter. 

Frederic Beasley. 

For sketch see Volume III, page 325. 

Mary Goodin Hobart. 

Goodin was the wife of John Henry Hobart. 

Doff or Dubois, or 

Doffior Dunham. 

The allusion of Mrs. Dayton may be to Benjamin Dubois, a son of 

the Rev. Benjamin Dubois of Freehold, New Jersey, who had a large 

practice in the vicinity of Elizabeth Town from 1801 to 1805, when 

he removed to Franklin, Ohio; or to 

Lewis Dunham, a son of Colonel Azariah Dunham of New Bruns 
wick, where he was in 1754. He was a surgeon in several New Jersey 
regiments during the Revolution. He became a member of the Medi 
cal Society of New Jersey in 1783, and served as its president in 1791 
and 1816. He died in 1821. His practice was in a very wide circuit 
from his home in New Brunswick ; or to 

Jacob Dunham, a brother of Dr. Lewis Dunham. He studied medi 
cine in Philadelphia when only nineteen years old. He was a class 
mate of Dr. William Potts Demers of the University of Pennsylvania, 
whose works on the diseases of women and children and essays upon 
various medical subjects were long standard. Dr. Jacob Dunham had 
an extensive practice. He lived at New Brunswick, New Jersey. 



C 374 



JOSEPH GROVE JOHN BEND 

JOSEPH GROVE JOHN BEND was born in New York City in 1762. 
His parents were residents of the Island of Barbados, where their 
son was brought up. He had a specially fine training for business life 
as well as in the classics. When he returned to New York is not cer 
tain. After pursuing his studies for the ministry under the direction 
of Bishop Provoost, he was made deacon on July 13, 1787, at the first 
ordination held by the Bishop of New York, at the same time with 
Richard Channing Moore. On December 3, 1787, he became an as 
sistant minister in the united churches of Christ and St. Peter's, Phila 
delphia, under Bishop White, then rector. In 1789 he was a delegate 
to the General Convention. On June 17, 1791, he became rector of 
St. Paul's Church, Baltimore. It was a parish of especial eminence 
for its works and those composing its membership. It is a remarkable 
tribute to the young rector that on the day after his election he took 
his seat in the Convention of the diocese and was chosen a member of 
the standing committee. Under him the growth was such that a second 
church was built in 1796, and named Christ Church, for which an 
associate rector was chosen. 

In 1801 he founded an institution, still in existence, for the education of 
poor girls . In every way he was a man who knew the needs of the parish 
and of the city. He was among the founders of the Baltimore Library 
and the Baltimore General Dispensary. He seems to have been too busy 
to write books. He published two funeral sermons and his inaugural 
sermon. He died on September 13, 1812, in the fiftieth year of his age. 

That careful historian, Dr. Ethan Allen, says of him : "The estima 
tion in which Dr. Bend was held in the Diocese is shown by his being 
always a member of the Standing Committee ; always a delegate to 
the General Convention ; always the Secretary of the Diocesan Con 
vention; always a member of its most important Committees I say 
always, for the exceptions are too few to notice ; and he was far more 
than any other, the confidential adviser of his Bishop. The Diocese of 
Maryland indeed owes a debt to his memory, which should secure to 
his name a perpetual remembrance. 

"In his family, he taught his children himself, devoting to their 
instruction the time especially employed in making his daily toilet. 
During his life time they never went to a school. 

[ 375 H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

He was an eminently punctual and economical administrator of 
both time and money ; though he never spared either in the service 
of the Church, of the poor, or of a friend. One of his family rules was 
that there should be a pot of soup made every day, particularly in the 
winter ; and after being partaken of by the members of his family, 
the remainder should be distributed to the poor. 

"In his parish he was indefatigable. He kept a register containing 
all the members of his congregation, and visited each in turn, making 
a certain number of visits every day. For that period he was remark 
able for the number of his week-day public services. 

"His theological opinions were probably not very different from those 
of his friend Bishop White, though the exclusive claims of his Church 
were more decidedly affirmed by him. Indeed he is said to have been 
the leader of the then High Church party, both in the Diocese and 
General Convention." \Sprague*s Annals, vol. v,p. 354.] 



[ FROM JOSEPH GROVE JOHN BEND ] 

Bait?, Dec! 26. 1804. 

REV. & DEAR SIR, 

SOME time since the journal of the General Convention 
& the sermon of Bishop White reached us; and as I 
thought, the sermon of B'p Moore, I turned them over to 
D r Rattoone, as Secretary of our Convention ; but as, in the 
distribution of them, he justified the motto applied to him 
of "festina lente," I could no longer bear his tardiness, but 
went to the correspondent's of Mess. Swords, to get a copy of 
pamphlets, with which you may suppose I was pretty well ac 
quainted. Of the journal there were 200 copies; of B'p White's 
sermon 300. This has puzzled me, & I have contented my 
self with supposing, that there is some mistake. Have the 
goodness to tell me, whether or not it is so; and if not, how 
it has happened, that D r Moore's sermon has not been pub 
lished; or if it has, that no copies of it have reached us. 

[ 376 ^ 



JOSEPH GROVE JOHN BEND 

Shortly after I got to Baltimore, I heard, that my brother 
Dashiell had received a letter from New York, informing him, 
that we had passed in Gen. Con. a canon prohibiting prayer- 
Meetings. This you may suppose I denied ; altho' I supposed, 
the report was founded on my canon, prescribing greater 
strictness as to the liturgy, which canon was never a6led 
upon. Upon enquiry, I found, that the intelligence was con 
veyed by a letter of Ml Post of your city, whom I suppose 
of Christ-Church. I have set him down in my books, as worse 
than a post, as a mere log. 

I am told, that the books, which you have edited, are doing 
some good on the Eastern shore of our State. Let this encour 
age you to go on in the work of Love; and may you not only 
go on, but prosper! 

You are probably not ignorant, that I have been deprived 
of my long tried companion & wife. To you, under the idea 
of suffering a similar loss, I leave to judge the severity of the 
trial, which I have suffered; but may you, if such a dispen 
sation should ever visit you, be able to say, "Thy will, Lord, 
be done!" 

You were so obliging as to remind me of the affinity cre 
ated between us by our marrying of kinswomen. This affinity 
death has annihilated ; but, I hope, my dear Sir, we shall not 
forget, that we are allied, by congeniality of sentiment, and 
by being partakers of the common Service of our Lord and 
Master Christ. 

It is highly probable, that your merits & station in the church 
will point you out, as a proper deputy from the Convention 
of New- York to the Gen Con to meet in Baltimore in 1 808. 
If I then be alive, & here, both which events I hope to real 
ize, remember, that you are to be my guest ; and [Jkorn J good 
cousin, your wife, will accompany you, I have a house & a 

C 377 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

heart both capacious enough to receive you both. With my 
best respects to her, I remain, 

Rev. & dear Sir, 

Your affecT:*: brother & friend, 

JOSEPH G J BEND. 

P.S. I thank you for your letter, directed to me at Phih 
Since I wrote the above, I have recollected, that we have not 
received the office of Induction. If there has been an error, 
I depend on you to have it corrected. 

Janx 7. 1805 

Superscription: 

THE REV? JOHN HENRY HOBART, Greenwich Street, New York. 



ANNOTATIONS 

William White's Consecration Sermon. 

The consecration of the Rev. Dr. Samuel Parker, who had been elected 
Bishop of Massachusetts upon the death of Bishop Bass, took place in 
Trinity Church, New York City, on Friday, September 14, 1804, dur 
ing the sessions of the General Convention. Morning Prayer was said 
by the Rev. Dr. Joseph Grove John Bend. The sermon was preached 
by the Rt. Rev. Dr. White. Bishop White, as Presiding Bishop, was 
the consecrator, assisted by the Bishop of Maryland, Dr. Claggett, 
the Bishop of Connecticut, Dr. Jarvis, and the Bishop of New York, 
Dr. Moore. The sermon considered the duties, the authorities, and 
the qualifications of the gospel ministry. The opening paragraphs 
are: 

Who then is that faithful and wise servant, whom his Lord shall make 
mler over his household, to give them their portion of meat in due season ? 
"AMONG the many authorities in scripture for a standing ministry, 
this is one of the most decisive ; because, being a declaration of our 
Saviour to his disciples while he was with them, and yet applying to 

C 378 ] 



JOSEPH GROVE JOHN BEND 

the ordering of a kingdom in prospect, it proves the institution of 
such a ministry to have been in contemplation from the beginning, as 
a part of his gracious purposes to his Church. 

"In the preceding part of this chapter, there are many salutary in 
structions of our Saviour to 'an innumerable multitude 'which, it is 
said, ' were gathered together.' The last of these instructions is, that 
they should have their 'loins girt about, and their lights burning,' in 
preparation for the future coming. St. Peter takes occasion to inquire, 
'Lord, speakest thou this parable unto us, or even unto all?' The 
answer in my text is an intimation, that Peter was right in his con 
struction of a more immediate application to the disciples. As if it had 
been said However suited the instruction to hearers of all degrees ; 
yet to thee, and to thy fellow disciples it especially belongs ; and in you, 
to all who shall succeed you in your commission ; who are to take the 
charge of the whole flock ; and will therefore have the greater need of 
the vigilance enjoined. 

"I consider the text as setting before us these three particulars of 
the Gospel Ministry : 

"I. Its Qualifications; 

"II. Its Authorities; and, 

"III. Its Duties. 

"i. There are the Qualifications, which are two, Fidelity and Wis 
dom. Accordingly, taking up the former of these, I may define it to 
consist in Affection, Firmness, and Diligence. 

"I say, it supposes Affection; meaning for the work of the Ministry; 
on the ground of its origin and its merits. This is taught us in that sol 
emn transaction, in which our Saviour, about to invest St. Peter with 
the pastoral charge, makes an inquiry into the sincerity of his affection. 
Known to him who knew the hearts of all men was Peter's prepara 
tion for the work before him ; yet, for the confirming of his affection, 
and to show him the greatness of the trust, he thrice demands of him, 
'Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? ' enjoining him, on every answer 
in the affirmative, 'feed my sheep.' The instruction extends through 
all ages, to everyone who is receiving the pastoral charge; who may, 
in that transaction, hear his Lord demanding of him, as he did of 
Peter, 'lovest thou me?' That is Delightest thou in my character, 
in my precepts, and in that dispensation of grace which I am estab 
lishing, for the recovery of a fallen world? And if his heart cannot 

C 379 1 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

answer with that of Peter, 'yea, Lord, thou knowest all things, thou 
knowest that I love thee,' let him not expect, that his ministry will 
be attended either with usefulness to the world or with satisfaction to 
himself. 

1 'As affection is one pre-requisite, so also Firmness is another. This 
was strongly inculcated on the first publishers of the Gospel ; who 
were told, 'fear not them who can kill the body, and after that have 
no more that they can do; but rather fear him, who can destroy both 
soul and body in hell.' Now, if any should suppose, that the same 
fortitude is not alike necessary at all times, although not always for 
the like occasions, it must argue a mistaken estimate of the state of 
the world, even within the bosom of the Christian Church. To bear 
an open testimony against irreligion and immorality; to set at naught 
wealth and station, so far as they give countenance to these great de 
stroyers of human happiness; to be incapable of a word, or of a look 
which should operate as flattery of persons, or an implied approba 
tion of their corruptions ; and, further, on fit occasions, to reprove and 
rebuke with all authority, are duties to which there will be constant 
calls, until that general harvest of the world when the tares shall be 
separated from the wheat. 

'To give these dispositions of affection and firmness their due use, 
there is occasion for that of Industry; or the devoting of our talents, 
of our time, and of our strength to the work of the Ministry ; the re 
nouncing, as much as may be, of all pursuits and cares which hinder 
it; and, as to such studies as consist with it, the drawing of them, as 
the service says, this way." 

After considering in detail the three divisions of the subject, the 
preacher thus concluded: 

'While I am thus delineating duties evidently lying on my Rev. 
Brethren of our Ecclesiastical Convention, I am aware that the matters 
delivered relate to the ministerial character at large, without much 
peculiar reference to that highest grade of the Ministry to which one 
of our Rev. Brethren is to be admitted at this time. But when I con 
template his long standing in our communion, and the reputation 
which he has sustained in it, together with the experience which he 
has had, and the zeal which he has manifested in its concerns, I feel 
no inclination to deliver to him, in the form of instructions suggested 
by the discretion and grounded on the authority of the speaker, the 

C 380 i 



JOSEPH GROVE JOHN BEND 

same truths which the Church is about to address to his conscience 
in her own most authoritative instructions before the Altar. 

"I trust it is an evidence of the good Providence of God over 
our Church, and it is certainly one of the most encouraging circum 
stances in my administration of her concerns, that her Bishops have 
never been called on to admit into their number any person, under the 
influence of the spirit of innovation, which, in a variety of ways, is 
aiming at inroads on that holy system of radical and evangelical de 
votion which we have inherited from our Parent Church, and which 
has been handed down to her from the pure source of primitive belief 
and practice. Should such a case occur, I am persuaded of my Right 
Rev. Brethren, and, under the hope of divine aid, it is my determina 
tion in regard to my own conduct, that there shall be a resistance of 
a measure so directly tending to the dishonour, and, eventually, the 
ruin of our communion. We cannot, however, but have observed with 
the most poignant sorrow, that even our desire of extending the king 
dom of the Redeemer has been a door of admission to the Ministry 
of persons who disdain whatever restraints may be imposed by public 
reason on private fancy. And, indeed, it gives us one of the most 
melancholy views which can be taken of human nature, to find evils 
of this magnitude arising out of a combination of extraordinary ap 
parent piety, with a disregard of the most explicit promises which 
can be made, in one of the most solemn acts to which Religion can 
give her sanction. If through the medium of imposing recommenda 
tions and more imposing perfidy, we have been sometimes betrayed 
into the admission of Presbyters of this description, it is to be hoped 
that subsequent experience of them will be a bar to their introduction 
to the Episcopacy. 

"I entertain no doubt that there will be a strengthening of this bar, 
in the Consecration on which we are now to enter. The Rev. Person 
who is to be the subject of it such I am persuaded is the expec 
tation of us all will act up to the spirit of the high requisition of 
the text, in regard to the flock of Christ to be committed to him, of 
1 giving every one his portion of meat in due season ' the wholesome 
meat of evangelical doctrine, unaccompanied by the poison of enthu 
siasm. Not only so, he will resist that specious but false reform which, 
by an abandonment of the characteristic doctrines of our holy Reli 
gion, would leave little of it beside the name. And, above all, he will, in 

C 381 ] 






HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

his conversation and in his conduct, bear a protest against an in 
creasing infidelity, 'exalting itself above all that is called God, and 
that is worshipped ; ' and deriving indirect aid from those errors, 
which, under the venerable profession of Christianity, are a departure 
from ' the truth as it is in Jesus. ' These are benefits, my Rev. Brother, 
which I delight in anticipating, rather than in enjoining. I will so far, 
however, change the manner of my address, as to exhort you to look 
forward for your encouragement, while engaged in so holy and so 
beneficent a work, to the promise connected with the words which 
have been the subject of his Discourse 'Blessed is that servant, 
whom his Lord when he cometh shall find so doing.' Blessed we 
believe you will be, in a divine prospering of your endeavours for the 
extension of truth and righteousness. Blessed you will certainly be 
in the consciousness of employing your talents for the use for which 
they were bestowed. But, above all, blessed you will finally and ever 
lastingly be in the sentence already recorded by the pen of Inspiration 
' Well done, good and faithful servant ; enter thou into the joy of 
thy Lord.'" 

It adds to the solemnity of this exhortation when it is remembered 
that Bishop Parker died December 6, 1804, without ever having per 
formed an Episcopal act. The title-page of the sermon will be found 
at the end of the volume in the List of Books Referred To. 

Benjamin Moore's Convention Sermon, 1804. 
Upon the second day of the session of the General Convention, 
Wednesday, September 12, 1804, after the organization of both houses 
had been effected, the Bishops and deputies "attended divine ser 
vice in Trinity Church, where prayers were read by the Right Rev. 
Bishop Claggett, and a sermon on the occasion of the meeting of 
the Convention, delivered by the Right Rev. Bishop Moore." {Journal, 
1804, Bioren* s Reprint, p. 216.] 

The sermon was published under this title: "A Sermon preached 
before the General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
the United States of America. In the City of New York on Wednes 
day, September 12, 1804, by the Right Reverend Benjamin Moore, 
D.D. Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of New 
York. Published at the request of the Convention. New York : Printed 
by T. & J. Swords, 160 Pearl street, 1804." 

C 382 3 



JOSEPH GROVE JOHN BEND 

Elisha Dunham Rattoone. 

For notice of Dr. Rattoone see page 241. 

Thomas and James Swords. 

For sketch of this firm see page 330. 

George Dashiell. 

George Dashiell was born in Somerset County, Maryland, in 1770. 
Early in his life he was a lay reader in Stepney Parish. He was made 
deacon by the Rt. Rev. Dr. White on March 20, 1791, and became 
rector of Somerset parish. He removed to Delaware, and in 1797 re 
turned to his native state as rector of South Sassafras, Kent County. 
In 1800 he was at Chester in the same county. In 1804 he was chosen 
rector of St. Peter's Church, Baltimore. He was a leader of the oppo 
sition to Dr. Kemp, in his election as Suffragan, which will be noted 
in its proper place. Owing to his secession, and the formation of ' ' The 
Evangelical Episcopal Church," he was deposed, December 8, 1815. 
He died in the city of New York in the year 1852. 

Canon proposed by Dr. Bend in 1804. 

The published Journal of the House of Deputies for 1804 makes no 
mention of any canon offered by Dr. Bend. Upon September 13, the 
second day of the session, "the following resolution was moved and 
seconded:" 

" Resolved, that a committee be appointed to enquire whether any 
and what alterations of, or addition to, the canons of the Church are 
necessary, and to report. The question being taken on the above reso 
lution, it was determined in the negative." [Journal, 1804, Bioren's 
Reprint, p. 216.] 

This was evidently offered by Dr. Bend. At no time did the Conven 
tion have before it a canon on prayer-meetings. 

William Post. 

A notice of Mr. Post will be found on page 272. 

John Henry Hobart's Books in 1804. 

Mr. Hobart had edited anonymously in 1803, " A Treatise on the 

Nature and Constitution of the Christian Church, ... by William 

c 383 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Stevens. "He had also been instrumental in the publication of an Ameri 
can edition of "A Guide to the Church in Several Discourses, ... by 
Charles Daubeny, LL.B." An edition of " A Companion for the Fes 
tivals and Fasts, ... by Robert Nelson," was prepared by him. In the 
spring of 1804 appeared his own compilation, "A Companion for the 
Altar." From that time his pen was never idle. These are probably 
the books to which Dr. Bend alludes. 

Mary B. Bend. 

The sketch of Dr. Bend prepared by the Maryland historian, Dr. 
Ethan Allen, says of his first wife : "She was a native of New Jersey 
and connected with several distinguished families there." Mrs. Bend 
was a daughter of AbnerHatfield of Elizabeth Town, New Jersey, and 
a niece of Hon. Elias Boudinot. She married Dr. Bend in April, 1790, 
died in the autumn of 1804, and, according to the register of St. Paul's 
Parish, was buried on October 31. 

An epitaph upon a tablet in Baltimore gives these particulars of his 
wife and family : 

"In memory of WILLIAM BRADFORD, JOSEPH, ANNA MARIA, JOSEPH 
HUTCHINS, and ANNA CATHARINE, children of the Rev. Joseph G. J. 
Bend and Mary B. Bend his wife, who have been in the merciful and 
wise providence of their heavenly Father, taken away from the evil 
to come, and added to the angelic choirs. Thy will, O Lord, be done. 
William Bradford was born, 27 January, 1791, and died, 10 March, 
1791 ; Joseph, born 20 November, 1791, died 22 November, 1791 ; 
Anna Maria, born 17 October, 1794, died 21 January, 1795 ; Joseph 
Hutchins, born 18 February, 1796, died 16 November, 1797; Anna 
Catharine, born 26 May, 1800, died 19 July, 1800. Also, in memory of 
SUSAN BRADFORD, daughter of the same parents, who was born on the 
first of October, 1804, and died the following day." \Alden 1 s Collec 
tion of Epitaphs, vol. i, p. 105.] 

Dr. Bend married for his second wife, Mrs. Clay pole. They had no 
children. Mrs. Bend survived her husband many years. 

Office of Induction. 

At the Convocation of the Clergy of Connecticut, held at Derby, No 
vember 20, 1799, an office of Induction prepared by the Rev. Dr. 
William Smith, rector of St. Paul's Church, Norwalk, \vas adopted. 

384 



JOSEPH GROVE JOHN BEND 

After some revision it was passed in 1802 by the Diocese of New 
York. At the General Convention of 1804, held in the city of New 
York on Thursday, September 13, it was 

On motion, Resolved ', That a committee be appointed to prepare an 
office of induction into the rectorship of parishes. The following mem 
bers were appointed a committee: Rev. Dr. Parker, Rev. Mr. Bald 
win, Rev. Mr. Harris, Rev. Dr. Ogden, Rev. Dr. Blackwell, Rev. Mr. 
Price, Rev. Dr. Bend." 

On the following day a report was made. After discussion and 
amendment by the House of Bishops it was adopted on Saturday, 
September 15, 1804, and its use was made compulsory. In 1808 the 
title was changed to an office of Institution. Since 1832 its use has 
been optional. 



C 385 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

[ FROM CHARLES FENTON MERCER ] 

DEAR HOBART 

I HAVE time only to beg you to give the inclosed letter the 
earliest possible conveyance to London or any other Eng 
lish port and to assure you of the unceasing affection of your 
sincere 

but rather neglected 

friend, 

CH* FENTON MERCER 

Superscription: Alexandria Jan. 12^1805 

[Torn] 

JOHN HENRY HOBART. Minister of Trinity Church New York 



[ FROM CHARLES FENTON MERCER ] 

Leesburg. Loudoun County 

Virginia 
January 14^ 1805 

MY DEAR HOBART 

A? the moment of my departure from Alexandria, I wrote 
you a few lines, inclosing a letter to M r John Rennolds 
of London, containing a bill of exchange, which I was desir 
ous of having forwarded by the earliest opportunity. The 
inclosed is a letter to the same purport, covering a copy of 
the same bill, which I will thank you to put in the letter bag 
of the first ship which sails from New York for a port in Eng 
land; provided it be not the same vessel, to which you have 
confided the first copy. 

My dearest Hobart, what am I to conclude from your late 
silence ? Not, I earnestly trust, that your Mercer is less dear 
to you, than formerly. I assure you he does not love you less, 

I 386 ^ 



CHARLES FENTON MERCER 

nor can he believe, it is a thought too painful to his feelings, 
that, you regard him with diminished affection. Oh No! per 
haps you have been perplexed by a thousand cares : your mind 
has been a prey to anxiety, and you have been unwilling to 
share your sorrows with your Mercer. 

You enjoined me to secrecy, as to some distant hints you 
gave me of a plan you had in contemplation: but you left me 
to conjecture, only, what it could be. 

Let me hear from you, my dear Hobart, everything which 
regards your prosperity in life, is deeply interesting to me. 
Leave me no longer in uneasy suspence concerning your 
situation, your views, & your happiness. 

Remember me affectionately to Mr* H. ; kiss your little chil 
dren for me, and confide in the affection 

of your friend 

CH? F MERCER 

Superscription: 

REV? JOHN HENRY HOBART Assistant Minister of Trinity Church New York 
W Perm 



ANNOTATIONS 

John Rennolds. 

For sketch see page 338. 

William Penn. 

William Penn may have been the son of John Penn, one of the sign 
ers of the Declaration of Independence. He was a native of Virginia, 
but removed to North Carolina in 1744, where he practised law. He 
died in Granville County, North Carolina, in 1788. 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

[FROM CHARLES FENTON MERCER] 

MY DEAREST HOBART 

I ARRIVED here late last evening, and this morning, received, 
the inclosed letter which put me in a state of mind the most 
painful imaginable. I conjure you, my dear friend, to let me 
hear whether you receivd my inclosure for Mr Monroe, Mr 
Rennolds and Mr Perrin : pray inquire if John Smith received 
those directed to him under cover of a letter. Beg John to write 
and inform me by what opportunities he forwarded his and 
how long they remain 'd in New York: let me hear from you 
by what vessels you transmitted yours as well as the time of 
their sailing. 

Should any misfortune have attended those letters it will per 
haps produce the greatest embarrassment to a gentleman, to 
whom I am under the greatest obligations. 

Excuse my dear Hobart the brevity of this letter. My mind 
is torn by anxiety. 

Remember me affectionately to Mr? H. and to J n . Smith and 
Wisner. Direct your letter to Fredericksburg, provided you 
write by the return of the mail. I beseech you not to delay 
the information I request. 

Your affectionate friend 

CH S - FENTON MERCER 

Fredericksburg January 22 ? d 1805 

I wrote to you from Alexandria a letter inclosing one for 
M r Rennolds containing a third remittance. 

Will you, My dear Hobart, write a few lines to M r John 
Rennolds by the i!I ship which sails from New York at my 
request, and inform him, by what vessels, the letters which I 
sent to New York under cover to you and our friend John 

[ 388 3 



CHARLES FENTON MERCER 

Smith, were forwarded. This will save much time and relieve 
his mind from anxiety sooner than I could in any other mode. 
God bless you. 

Superscription : 

REV? JOHN HENRY HOBART, New York 



ANNOTATIONS 

James Monroe. 

For notice see page 339. 

John Rennolds. 

For sketch see page 338. 

Mr. Perrin. 

For notice see page 339. 

John Wither spoon Smith. 

For notice see Volume III, page 215. 

Henry G. Wisner. 

For notice see Volume III, page 291. 



389 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

[ FROM SAMUEL OGDEN ] 

Newark Jan? 26^ 1805. 

MY DEAR SIR 

YOU will receive enclosed Six Pamphlets, containing our 
proceedings at Amboy. May I entreat you, to forward, 
Three of them, with such remarks as you may think proper, to 
Bishop Jarvis ; and one of them to Doclor Beach, with my best 
respe<5ls. Doctor Ogden's conduct, was such at Amboy, as 
I believe, I may truly say, hath not left him, a single episcopal 
Friend, in short his condu6l, hath been such, in this Town, and 
County, among the people of other denominations, as to create 
very many hard thoughts of Him. On Thursday of last week, 
by order of our Supreme Court, the Jury, of inquiry, was 
called to set, on his suit against me,when being fully prepared, 
to place the good Mans , conducl in \isproper light; I was much 
mortified to find, that this council finding on & previous exam 
ination of Evidences, that, he having been the Violent agressor, 
previous to my having given Him an angry word, no action 
could possibly be supported against me ; and therefore refused 
proceeding to Trial: Notwithstanding every exertion of my 
self, and Council, to induce them to do so. Thus endeth all 
the Good Mans boasted Judgment obtained at Trenton, last 
Autumn. Indeed it is not easy for me, to describe to you the 
extreme shame [torri^ light, He was held in, even by His own 
Counsel, Jury, &c. &c. 

I have enclosed, a copy, of what He, has handed about \jtorri^\ 
state of the case, or dispute, between our Church and [torri~] 
I have read it over with the most carefull attention, and must 
declare that I never read, so few lines, in our Language, so full, 
of the most palpable falsehood, and misrepresentation; Indeed 
it is difficult to discover One Truth therein ! of which you can 

C 390 ]] 



SAMUEL OGDEN 

judge, so far as relates to our New York opperations; Indeed 
His condu6l seems to have placed Him below contempt! I 
pray you excuse the liberty I take with you, and believe me 
Your Friend and Humble 

Serv^ 
THE REV D Mf HOBART SAM L OGDEN 

No superscription. 



ANNOTATIONS 

Special Convention of the Diocese of New Jersey, 1804. 

The pamphlets alluded to by Colonel Ogden are copies of ' ' Journal 
of Proceedings of a Special Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the State of New-Jersey, held in St. Peter's Church, Perth 
Amboy, on the 19th day of December, 1804. Newark: Printed by 
W. Tuttle & Co." At the session on Wednesday afternoon, Decem 
ber 19, this action was taken : 

"Col. Samuel Ogden now presented a Memorial from the Wardens 
and Vestry of Trinity Church at Newark, stating, that a very un 
happy controversy exists between the Rev. Dr. Uzal Ogden, the Rec 
tor ; and the Wardens, Vestry-men, and Congregation of said Church, 
which is of such a nature as to threaten not only the well being 
but the very existence of their Church ; that it has proceeded to such 
lengths as to preclude all hope of an amicable termination ; and that, 
in their opinion, nothing short of a dissolution of the connection, which 
exists between them, can restore the peace of the church and prevent 
its utter ruin. 

'WHICH being read, and the facts stated in it, being established to 
the satisfaction of the Convention by sundry documents : the follow 
ing resolutions were moved and adopted. 

"IT appearing to this Convention, that certain controversies are now 
existing, between the Rev. Dr. Uzal Ogden, Rector of Trinity Church, 
at Newark, and the Vestry and the Congregation of said Church, 
which are of such a nature as cannot be settled by themselves, and 
which have proceeded such lengths as to preclude all hope of a favor- 

C 391 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

able termination, and that a dissolution of the connection which ex 
ists between them is indispensably necessary to restore the peace and 
promote the prosperity of the said Church. It is therefore resolved, 
That this Convention do earnestly recommend and advise the said 
Rev. Dr. Uzal Ogden to relinquish his title to the Rectorship of said 
Church within thirty days from this date, and give notice thereof to 
the Rev. Andrew Fowler, Chairman of the Standing Committee of 
this State : and we do also earnestly recommend and advise the con 
gregation and vestry of said Church, upon such his resignation as 
aforesaid, to allow and secure to the said Rev. Dr. Ogden, out of the 
funds of the said Church, the sum of two hundred and fifty dollars 
per annum during his life. And if the said Rev. Dr. Ogden shall re 
fuse to comply with the terms above mentioned ; that then, and in 
such case, authority is hereby given by this Convention to the Stand 
ing Committee of this State, with the aid and consent of a bishop, at 
their discretion, to proceed according to the canons of the Church, to 
suspend the said Rev. Dr. Ogden from the exercise of any ministerial 
duties within this State. 

"RESOLVED, That the Secretary of this Convention serve a copy of 
this and the preceding resolution, certified by him, upon the Rev. Dr. 
Uzal Ogden, within ten days; and, that in case the said Rev. Dr. 
Uzal Ogden shall not agree to the recommendation to relinquish his 
said Rectorship, or neglect to signify his assent, or refusal thereof to 
the Chairman of the Standing Committee of this State, within thirty 
days from this date, that, in such case, the said Chairman of the Stand 
ing Committee is hereby required to proceed within thirty days there 
after to call a meeting of the said Standing Committee to carry into 
effect the authority given to them in the foregoing resolution. 

"THE deputation from Trinity Church at Newark, informed the 
Convention, that, in behalf of their Church, they were willing to ac 
cede to the conditions, recommended in the first of the foregoing 
resolutions." [Reprint of the Journals of the Diocese of New Jersey , 
p. 275.] 

Dr. Ogden had previously read a paper declaring "that he with 
drew himself from the Protestant Episcopal Church," but would con 
tinue as rector of Trinity Church, Newark, under his license and 
letters of Orders from the Right Reverend Father in God, Richard, 
late Lord Bishop of London. 

C 392 ] 



SAMUEL OGDEN 

Abraham Jarvis. 

For notice see Volume III, page 52. 

Abraham Beach. 

See sketch which precedes his letter of May 16, 1827. 

Uzal Ogden. 

For sketch see Volume III, page 222. 



L 393 





HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

[ DAVENPORT PHELPS TO BENJAMIN MOORE ] 

Manlius'Febv 4. 1805 
(Onondaga County) 

RIGHT REV? SIR, 

SO late as December ult? I came to this county, and have, 
with great satisfaction found the newly organized churches 
laudably engaged to be built up in the order of the Gospel. 
I had written them last Spring that it was my intention to be 
with them early in the Summer, but in the issue they were not 
more disappointed than I was myself. The immediate diffi 
culties in the way of my removal ( some of which still appear to 
remain ) together with sickness in my family and the death 
of one of little sons have conspired to delay the renewal of the 
duties of my mission to a later period than I hoped. 

Having been heretofore particular in communicating to your 
Reverence, both verbally & by letter, my unpleasant embar 
rassments, I respectfully hope they may be considered as a 
suitable apology for my absence. It is still my earnest wish 
& intention, as unremittingly as possible to devote my time to 
the service of the existing churches here & to others which 
thro' the divine favour may be ere long organized in the coun 
ties west of this. 

Upon my arrival in this town a vestry meeting was notified 
& a subscription set on foot for building a Church, which bids 
fair to meet with success. The prospecl: to me is highly ani 
mating. Indeed Sir I cannot but anticipate Churches rising in 
all the principal towns in this flourishing western hemisphere. 

I beg liberty to inform your Reverence, that a young Gen 
tleman residing in this County (Onondaga) who has had an 
academical education, & who appears to be piously disposed, 
& of amiable manners, expresses a wish to be prepared for 

C 394 H 



PHELPS TO MOORE 

the service of the Church. Could he be supported by the funds 
of the Church or otherwise he would place himself where, 
& under such instruction as you shall please to dire6l. 

My next letter will contain a journal of my mission since 
Decem^ r last. 

With sentiments of duty & respe<5l, I am 
Right Rev'? Sir 

Your most obed? 
R T REV?DOCT R MOORE and most hum 1 serv n 

DAVEN T PHELPS. 

Superscription: 

THE RIGHT REVEREND BENJAMIN MOORE, D.D. New York. 



[ DAVENPORT PHELPS TO BENJAMIN MOORE ] 

LeRoy (Genesee County) Feby 18. 1805 

RIGHT REVEREND SIR 

IN my last letter from Manlius a few weeks past, I had it 
not in my power to give you a complete extract of my 
journal since Decent ult? the 21^ of which month I left my 
family to return to the duties of my mission in the western 
counties of this State. 

On my way to Buffaloe creek near the great Falls I admin- 

6 istered baptism to six infants, and on the 25'. h being unable 

to reach a settlement, where it might be proper to perform 

divine service, visited a single family of our communion, & 

3 administered baptism to three infants. 

Thursday 27. reached Hartford, Genesee River where I 
visited several episcopal families on Sunday read prayers, 
3 preached & baptised three adults. Several families were 
prevented from attending with their infants for baptism by 
the extreme severity of y e weather. 

C 395 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

January 4. reached Geneva where I was agreeably disap 
pointed by learning that in this pleasant flourishing town 
are a number of respedtable episcopal families; by one of 
whom I was requested to pass some time with them on my 
return. 

Sunday 6*. h read prayers and preached at Onondaga where 
I found the church persevering & benefitted with the ad 
dition of several families. From thence I proceeded twelve 
miles to Manlius, where a vestry meeting in the course 
of y* week was notified & the subjedl of building a church 
taken into consideration : a subscription set on foot which 
met considerable success, & which I trust will soon amount 
to enough to put up & enclose the frame. They at present 
calculate the building to be 40 or 45 by 60 feet. I have 
queried with them as to the size, but they manifested a dis 
position not to lessen it. For a new place Manlius is already 
wealthy & flourishing. 
Sunday 13. read prayers & preached at this place & bap- 

3 tised three children. The week following rode to Paris 
where M T . Judd had not yet arrived, & Sunday 27 th read 
prayers and preached at this place. On Wednesday sat out 

2 on my return to y e westward & at Sullivan baptised two 
children. The same week returned to Manlius where I 
found some demur had arisen respecting the place on 
which to build y e proposed Church. In order to conciliate 
y! difference & at their request I remained & read pr! & 
preached with them on Sunday y* 27* On the Friday fol- 

9 lowing read pr! & preached at Onondaga & baptised nine 
children. 

Feby. 3 d (Sunday) Again read prayers & preached at 
Manlius, which place I left two days after with the pleas 
ing expectation of their making good progress in respe6l 

C 396 ] 



PHELPS TO MOORE 

to the building & proceeded to Marcellus & Aurelius where 
is a small number of respeclable members of y? chh who 
manifest a disposition to organize; a measure which I 
trust it may in a few months be thought best to take here 

2 baptised 2 Childi 1 

7 Sunday Feby 10. read prayers, preached & baptised seven 
infants at Geneva. In this town & its vicinity there appear 
to be thirty (or more) Epis^ families who I believe are 
earnestly disposed to organise & who I flatter myself bid 
fair to become one of the most respectable Churches in the 
western counties. A number of the principal gentlemen 
being abroad at this time, it was not thought proper to con 
clude the subject till some time in the Spring, when I intend 
to return to them & unremittingly devote my services to 
that extent of country between Canandaigua & Manlius, 
a distance of about 50 miles What I thus contemplate I 
know will be labourious ; but Sir, from the prospe6l of their 
not being otherwise supplied from the animating proba 
bility of laying a foundation for the enlargement of our 
most excellent Church & especially having y! advice of 
your reverence to confine my services to this quarter, I 
hope to be little absent therefrom. 

2 Thursday Feby 1 4. Bap<* 2 Children at Canandaigua The 
Chh here organised when M r Chase was on y e . mission 
have long since suffered themselves to dissolve. But at this 
juncture, y* independents being dissatisfied & about to dis 
miss their Teacher, y! members of our church are much 
engaged on y e . subject of reorganising. 
Sunday Feby 17. read prayers and preached at South 

5 Hampton in this county & baptised one adult & four chil- 

42 dren. The severity of yf weather in this country has been 

extreme indeed numbers have perished on the road 

397 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

it is now severe, & being in a cold house I can hardly hold 
my pen. 

I shall from time to time write as materials shall offer worthy 
to be communicated, & in the meantime remain, with senti 
ments of duty & respect, 

R* Rev 4 ? Sir 

Your most obed< 

and most hum 1 Serv* 
Forty two baptisms DAVEN T PHELPS. 

RIGHT REV? BISHOP MOORE 

No superscription. 



ANNOTATIONS 

Buffalo Creek. 

For notice see Volume III, page 21. 

Hartford. 

For notice see Volume III, page 21. 

Trinity Church, Geneva. 

The county of Ontario was formed from Montgomery County, Janu 
ary 27, 1789. It extended originally to Lake Ontario, and from it have 
been taken the counties of Steuben and Genesee, and also parts of 
the counties of Monroe, Livingston, Yates, and Wayne. It was the 
home of the Seneca Indians, who were the most powerful and largest 
of the Five Nations in the Iroquois Confederacy. The principal seat 
of the tribe was Kanadesaga, just west of the present village of Ge 
neva, at the foot of the Seneca River. This county was included in the 
tract claimed by Massachusetts, a large portion of which was pur 
chased in 1787 by Oliver Phelps and Nathaniel Gorham. Previous to 
1788 the settlers in what is now the village of Geneva were Clark 
Jennings, who kept a log tavern on the bank of the lake, Peter Ryck- 
man, Peter Bortle, and Colonel Seth Reed. When Oliver Phelps vis- 

C 398 H 



PHELPS TO MOORE 

ited the settlement June 4, 1788, he wrote that he was well pleased 
with what he had seen of the country, and proposed "to build a city 
as there is a water carriage from here to Schenectady, with only two 
carrying places of one mile each." In 1793 the town of Seneca was 
formed. It comprises the territory in the southeast corner of the county, 
on the western shore of Seneca Lake. The site of Geneva, which is the 
most important place in the town, with a portion of the surrounding 
country, was sold to Robert Morris, who resold to Sir William Pulteney, 
John Hornby, and Patrick Colquhoun of England. Charles William 
son, as their agent, came to the Genesee country in 1792, and planned 
the development of Geneva, laying out the village on the bluff so that 
all houses should have an unobstructed view of the lake. The village 
grew slowly, and in 1806 had sixty-eight houses, with a population 
of three hundred and twenty-five persons. 

The earliest religious organization was effected July 16, 1798. Oliver 
Whitmore, Elijah Wilder, Septimus Evans, Ezra Patterson, Samuel 
Latta, William Smith, Jr. , and Polydore Wisner were chosen trustees. 
The members of the society then formed were Presbyterian, and held 
lay services until 1800, when the Rev. Jedediah Chapman was sent 
as missionary by the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church. 
He organized a church in 1800, with Oliver Whitmore, Elijah Wilder, 
and Seth Stanley as ruling elders. Whatever influence upon the people 
early visits from missionaries of the American Church may have had 
previous to 1805 is not now known. It is certain that Judge John 
Nicholas read the service and sermons as early as 1803, when the 
Nicholas and Rose families came from Virginia. The place of meet 
ing was the village school-house. 

Upon the visit recorded in his letter Mr. Phelps baptized Charles 
Barrone Hallett, Robert Lawson Rose, Ellis John Stone, James Moore, 
Elizabeth Tinline, Anne and Elizabeth Wood. These are the first 
names recorded in the baptismal register of Trinity Church. A meeting 
for organization was held August 18, 1806, when John Nicholas and 
Daniel W. Lewis were chosen churchwardens, and Samuel Sheckel, 
John Collins, Robert S. Rose, Richard Hughes, Ralph T. Wood, David 
Nagle, James Reese, and James Powell were chosen vestrymen. The 
parish was named Trinity Church, Geneva. As entered upon the re 
cords of the parish the following persons attended the meeting : John 
Nicholas, Daniel W. Lewis, James Reese, James Reynolds, David 

C 399 H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Nagle, Robert W . Stoddard, John Collins, Robert S. Rose, Samuel Colt, 
Ralph T. Wood, Richard Hughes, William Hortsen, Thomas Wil 
bur, Richard M. Bailey, William Tappan, Levi Stephens, Thomas 
Wood, Richard Lazelere, and Thomas Smith. A church building was 
commenced on All Saints' Day, 1808. It was built by Jonathan Doane, 
father of Dr. George Washington Doane, Bishop of New Jersey, from 
plans drawn by himself. The dimensions were forty feet by fifty-eight 
feet. It was of timber, and evidently designed, says Bishop Coxe, "in 
imitation of its nursing mother, Trinity Church, New York." It was 
consecrated on Whitsunday, June 9, 18 10, bylBishop Moore. The cost 
was five thousand four hundred and seventy-one dollars, of which 
one thousand five hundred was given by Trinity Church. Davenport 
Phelps held the rectorship in addition to his other missionary work 
until his death, June 27, 1813. He was succeeded by the Rev.Orin 
Clark, a native of New Marlborough , Massachusetts. Under him the 
church was firmly established. Orin Clark died August 23, 1828. His 
successors to 1902 were Richard Sharpe Mason, the Biblical and litur 
gical scholar ; Nathaniel F. Bruce ; Pierre Paris Irving, afterward sec 
retary of the Foreign Committee of the Board of Missions ; Samuel 
Cooke, afterward rectorof St. Bartholomew's Church, New York ; John 
Henry Hobart, a son of the great Bishop ; William Henry Augustus 
Bissell, afterward Bishop of Vermont ; William Stevens Perry, after 
ward Bishop of Iowa ; and Henry Welles Nelson. In 1901 Dr. Nelson 
was made rector emeritus. The Very Rev. Charles Morton Sills, Dean 
of St. Luke's Cathedral, Portland, Maine, was then called as rector. He 
was in office in March, 1912. The American Church Almanac for 1912 
records seven hundred and twenty-one communicants. The present 
church building was commenced in 1842, finished in 1844, and con 
secrated by the Rt. Rev. Dr. De Lancey, Wednesday, August 15, 
of that year. Within its walls are interred the remains of the first 
Bishop of Central New York, Arthur Cleveland Coxe. 

Onondaga. 

For notice see Volume III, page 129. 

Manlius. 

For notice see Volume III, page 300. 

400 



PHELPS TO MOORE 

St. Paul's Church, Paris Hill. 
For notice see Volume II, page 499. 

Jonathan Judd. 

For sketch see Volume III, page 30. 

Sullivan. 

For notice see Volume III, page 294. 

St. John's Church, Marcellus. 

For notice see Volume III, page 367. 

Aurelius. 

For notice see Volume III, page 364. 

St. John's Church, Canandaigua. 
For notice see Volume III, page 17. 

Philander Chase. 

For sketch see Volume III, page 251. 

Southampton, now Caledonia. 

The territory within this town was included in the township of 
Northampton, formed in 1797, which comprised the greater part of 
the present Genesee County. Three towns were set off from it on March 
31, 1802, and named Batavia, Leicester, and Southampton. OnApril4, 
1806, its name was changed to Caledonia. The surface is level or un 
dulating, with much strong ground. When the new county of Living 
ston was formed February 21, 1821, from the counties of Genesee and 
Ontario, Caledonia was among the towns taken from Genesee County, 
and is in the northwest corner of the new county. It is watered by the 
Genesee River and Allan's Creek. Caledonia Spring, covering six acres, 
is in the northern part. In 1797 L. Petersen, a Dane, built a small log 
tavern near the "Big Spring," as it was then called. He soon had as 
neighbours Mr. Brooks, an Englishman, and David Fuller, who also 
opened a tavern . Captain Williamson , agent for the Pulteney Company, 
to which the land belonged, made attractive offers to a company of 
immigrants from Perthshire, Scotland, who had sailed from Greenock 

401 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

in March, 1798, and arrived in New York at the end of April. They 
were almost without money when they reached Johnstown, New York, 
where they had friends. They readily accepted the terms made by the 
agent, and went to their new home near the Big Spring early in 1799. 
Among them were John Malcolm, James McLaren, Hugh McDer- 
mid, Donald McPherson, John McVean, Peter Campbell, and John 
McNaughton. In 1799 a store was opened by Alexander McDonald. 
In 1801 the Pulteney Company built a grist-mill at the outlet in the 
Big Spring. A school-house was built in 1803, with Jeannette McDon 
ald as the first teacher. The first religious services were held under the 
leadership of Peter Campbell.lt was at his house, November 15, 1802, 
that a religious society was formed under the name of the "Caledonia 
Presbyterian Religious Society. "Thomas Irvine, Duncan McPher 
son, Peter Campbell, John Christy, and Peter Anderson were chosen as 
trustees. While Davenport Phelps and other clergymen of the Church 
appeared to have visited the town at intervals, and services were main 
tained intermittently, there seems to have been no organization until 
1893, when a parish or mission was formed, with twenty-eight com 
municants, under the charge of the rector of Zion Church, Avon, the 
Rev. Dr. Henry Faulkner Darnell. In 1904, upon the resignation of 
Dr. Darnell, it was placed under Richard C. Searing, rector of Grace 
Church, Scottsville; he was succeeded by Wallace N. Pierson. The 
rector in March, 1912, was William Guy Raines. The American 
Church Almanac for 1912 records twenty-four communicants. 



402 




WILLIAM NORTH 

[ FROM WILLIAM NORTH J 

DR SIR, 

S you will probably see an account of the ordination of 
a Presbyterian Clergyman in the Episcopal Church of 
this place, I think it not improper to inform you, that the cere 
mony was performed in that place, without the consent of 
the Vestry being asked, or given. As neither MrDuane nor 
myself attended, we do not know whether the presbyterians 
of this place only, are committed to the charge of the Young 
Shepherd or, ( as is more probable ) his care is to extend to 
those of the flock in the neighbouring towns, it is however 
understood, that he is to preach every other Sunday in Christs 
Church; this, we do not feel ourselves at liberty to oppose 
considering, that in this day of irreligion, it is better to have 
the Church open, tho' not exactly as we would wish, than to 
have it shut, and the people left to wander in the fields, or 
repose themselves in taverns. 

Mr Boardman is a young man of ability, & as the most nu 
merous se6l here is presbyterian it is probable he is fixed for 
life or at least, till his interest shall make him believe it to be 
his duty to accept of a call to some other station. 

I am Dr Sir 

With great respect 

Your Ob 1 Serv 

W. NORTH 

4 March 1805 

5 uperscription : 

THE REV D JOHN H HOBART, New York 



C 403 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

ANNOTATIONS 

James Duane. 

For notice see Volume III, page 151. 

William Boardman. 

William Boardman was born at Williamstown, Massachusetts, in 
1782, and graduated from Williams College in 1799. In 1803 he was 
licensed to preach . After his Presbyterian ordination at Duanesburgh 
he served that village for some years, then removed to Sandy Hill, 
New York. In October, 1811, he was installed as pastor of the Pres 
byterian Church of Newtown, Long Island. He died March 4, 1818, 
in the thirty-seventh year of his age. Dr. Prince, author of the "His 
tory of Long Island," says of him that he was "a man of ardent and 
active piety, and died deeply regretted." 

Southampton, now Caledonia. 
For notice see page 401. 



404 



DAVID BUTLER 

DAVID BUTLER was born at Harwinton, Connecticut, in 1763. 
As a young man he learned a mechanical trade, but he soon gave 
it up to join the Revolutionary Army in the closing months of the con 
test. He resumed his trade after the war, and was successful. He knew 
intimately the Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, and although a member of the 
Standing Order, the doctrines of the Church appealed to him, and he 
became a candidate for holy orders, studied under Mr. Baldwin, and 
on June 10, 1792, was made deacon by Bishop Seabury, in Trinity 
Church, New Haven. He spent the year of his diaconate in the region 
south of Middletown, known as North Guilford. He was very faith 
ful in a field that presented many difficulties, visiting in turn each of 
the stations and making his home in the new rectory at North Guil 
ford. The results were partly shown in the number presented to the 
Bishop for confirmation on his visit in October, 1792, and June, 1794. 
On Sunday, June 9, 1793, Mr. Butler was ordained priest in Christ 
Church, Middletown, at the same time with the Rev. Solomon Blakes- 
lee and the Rev. Russell Catling. In October, 1794, Mr. Butler ac 
cepted the rectorship of St. Michael's Church, Litchfield. Here he re 
mained for five years, resigning February 21, 1799, to accept Christ 
Church, Redding. 

The Churchmen in Troy, New York, six miles above Albany, had 
been for some years desirous of having a resident clergyman, so as 
not to depend upon the ministrations which could be given them by 
the rector of St. Peter's, Albany, or the rector of Schenectady. A very 
urgent letter was sent to Mr. Butler, asking him to come to their aid. 
It was signed by the Hon. David Buel and others. To their solici 
tations were added those of Eliakim Warren and other men of sub 
stantial worth from Norwalk who were about removing to Troy. Mr. 
Butler took the trip with them in a sloop from Norwalk to Troy. He 
gave his time, according to a fixed schedule, to Troy, Lansingburgh, 
and Waterford. As the congregations increased, Mr. Butler devoted 
all his time to Troy. In 1827 the present stone church of Gothic de 
sign was built. In 1834, on account of failing health, Mr. Butler gave 
up the rectorship, but retained a keen interest in the very rapid pro 
gress the Church was then making in Troy and throughout northern 

405 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

New York. He died July 11, 1842, in the eighty-first year of his age, 
and the fiftieth of his ministry. 

One who knew and honoured him, the Hon. David Buel, thus char 
acterizes him: 

"His personal appearance was at once commanding and attractive. 
He had a well built, well proportioned frame, indicating a habit of ac 
tivity and more than common power of endurance. His eye was large 
and dark, and his whole visage indicative at once of a vigorous in 
tellect, and an amiable and genial temper. He lacked the advantages of 
an early liberal education ; and yet he made up for this, in a great degree, 
by his extensive reading, and a habit of close observation of men and 
things. His original powers of mind were undoubtedly of a high order ; 
and even the early disadvantages to which I have referred did not pre 
vent their developement in such a measure as to secure to him a very 
prominent place in the Diocese to which he belonged, and in the com 
munity in which he lived. He had remarkably fine social qualities, con 
versed with great ease and appropriateness, and was always cheer 
ful ; while yet he never forgot that he was a clergyman. He was a very 
kindly and benevolent spirit, and was always ready to confer a favour 
whenever he had opportunity. In his social intercourse, he by no means 
confined himself to the people of his own charge, but mingled indis 
criminately with different denominations, and he was fortunate, I be 
lieve, in possessing the good-will of all. 

* ' Dr. Butler could not be considered, as may be inferred from what I 
have already said, a highly accomplished preacher, but he was emi 
nently a sensible preacher. His clear sound logical mind impressed itself 
upon all his discourses, and always furnished material for useful reflec 
tion. His views of Church government would rank him with those who 
are called High Churchmen, and he occasionally made those views the 
subject of a vigorous defence in the pulpit; but his ordinary preaching 
partook little of a controversial character, and was rather practical than 
doctrinal. Though he was not indifferent to the political concerns of 
the country, and doubtless had enlightened and well considered views 
in respect to them, he never, I believe, allowed himself to make them 
in any way the subject of his public discourses. He had a clear, manly 
voice ; and though you could not say that his manner in the pulpit was 
highly cultivated, it was still impressive and dignified, and indicated 

406 



DAVID BUTLER 

that his heart was in all his utterances. He read the service with great 
solemnity and propriety. 

4 While Dr. Butler was always honest and frank in the avowal of 
his principles, when occasion required, he never needlessly enlisted in 
disputes with those of different communions. When the present edifice 
of St. Paul's Church was in progress, speaking to one, with his char 
acteristic ardour, of the magnificence of the building, he was answered 
with the rather doubtful remark, ' I hope the Gospel will be preached 
there. ' ' The very thing, ' said the Doctor, ' that we are building it for. ' 
On another occasion, as he was travelling in a stage-coach, he was not 
a little annoyed by the efforts of one of the company to draw him into 
a discussion on Theology, which he assiduously avoided. At last his 
fellow traveller, determined apparently to provoke him, said, * Your 
articles, you must allow, are Calvinistic.' 'Then you," 1 answered the 
Doctor calmly, 'can find no fault with them."' [Sprague^s Annals, 
vol. v,p. 390.] 



[ FROM DAVID BUTLER ] 

Troy 7 th March 1805 
MY DEAR SlR, 

I FEEL a very conscious guilt in neglecting so long to write 
you when I recollect that you informed me that nothing 
affords you greater pleasure than letters from your friends & 
bretheren. My negligence has not certainly proceeded from 
any disposition that I feel to withold any pleasure which it is 
in my power to communicate; tho' I must acknowledge that 
my benevolence has not been sufficiently powerful in its op 
eration, or I should have had no occasion for this apology. 
Pardon me for this once, & I will endeavour for the future 
that it shall take the lead of my mind, & invigorate my indo 
lent carcase with sufficient activity to attend to all its prompt 
ings, in which case you will be no more neglecled. 

I find my situation here very agreeable to myself, & I hope 
in some measure useful to the church. There are a consider- 

C 407 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

able number of people who attend the service of the church 
in Troy, & the congregation appears to be increasing; & con 
sidering that their prejudices, & habits were presbyterian I 
have had better success in impressing them with the doctrines 
of the Church, & forming them to its rules than I expecled. 
In Lansingburgh I am not as yet so successful. The presbyteri- 
ans there have a clergyman that they almost adore, & perhaps 
partly from suggestions from him, & partly from supposing 
the church in his & their way, they feel a very strong aver 
sion to it, & of course to its minister. The church people there 
however treat me with tenderness & respe6l, & I have been 
so frequently assailed with obloquy & abuse that I flatter my 
self that by the assistance of divine grace I endure it as yet 
pretty patiently, & I pray God to preserve me from return 
ing railing for railing. In both places there are some who seem 
seriously disposed to learn & practise the duties of Christianity. 
Several adults have received baptism, & the number of com 
municants ( which at first was very small indeed ) has increased 
considerably, & there is a probability of its continuing to do 
so. How far novelty may influence present appearance can be 
known only when it ceases to operate ; it doubtless has some 
effe6t, & less attention must be expedled when the force of 
it is gone. Our churches are both of them nearly completed 
& will be ready for consecration by the first of may. Should 
the bp. make us a visit at that time, I hope that you & some 
other of the bretheren from N York will accompany him. Be 
assured that you can go in no direction where you will be 
more joyfully or gratefully received. I have to make my re- 
specls to Mrs Hobart, & believe me your most affectionate 

friend & brother 

DAVID BUTLER 

Superscription : 

REV? M R HOBART New York 

[ 408 ] 



DAVID BUTLER 

ANNOTATIONS 

St. Paul's Church, Troy. 

The city of Troy is on the east bank of the Hudson River, six miles 
north of Albany and near the centre of the western border of Rensse- 
laer County. It comprises the alluvial flat three fourths of a mile wide 
upon the river and the high bluffs to the east of it. The high land 
in the eastern part of the town is known as Mount Ida, and that on 
the northeast as Mount Olympus. The Poestem Kill and Wynant's 
Kill, breaking through these hills in narrow ravines and in a series 
of cascades, form an excellent water power. The greater part of the 
territory of the city was included in the grant by the West Indian 
Company in 1630 to Kiliaen Van Rensselaer of Amsterdam, Holland, 
which he erected into the Manor of Rensselaerwyck, of which he 
became the first patroon. The first actual settler was Jan Barentsen 
Wemp, in 1659. He was followed in 1664 by Sweer Theunissen van 
Velser, Jacob Heven, Pieter Adriaens, and Barent Pie terse Coeymans. 
In 1675 there came to the little village Jan Cornelise Vyselaer and 
Lucas Pieterse Coeymans. On June 2, 1707, Pieter Pieterse van Wog- 
gelum, a son of Pieter Adriaens Coeymans, sold to Derick van der 
Hey den two tracts of land, upon which there was reserved a yearly 
ground rent to the patroon of three and three-fourths bushels of wheat 
and two fat hens or capons. Derick van der Heyden equally divided 
the farm in 1731 between his three sons, Jacob, David, and Mattys. In 
1786 it was in possession of three farmers, Jacob I., Jacob D., and 
Matthias van der Heyden. Since colonial days the family had oper 
ated a ferry across the Hudson under a grant from the Crown. This 
was confirmed by the State of New York . In the rush of New England- 
ers for new homes the advantages of the Van der Heyden farms for a 
prosperous settlement were perceived. Jacob D. van der Heyden and 
his brothers were greatly opposed to selling any of the land. Finally, 
Jacob I. van der Heyden sold a lot on the west side of the river road 
to Benjamin Thurber from Providence, Rhode Island. In 1786 a tide 
of immigration, principally from Connecticut and Rhode Island, set 
in for Van der Heyden, as the settlement was called. At a meeting 
of the property owners held January 5, 1789, the name of the village 
was changed to Troy. 

[ 409 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

The first religious services were held in the tavern of Captain Wil 
liam Ashley, on the east side of the road north of the corner of Ferry 
and River Streets. It is said the conch shell used at the ferry was 
blown promptly at nine o'clock, and at ten the people assembled in 
the ball-room. William Frazer offered an invocation. Jacob van der 
Heyden lined out a psalm, which was sung heartily by the congrega 
tion. A sermon was read by Dr. Gale or Colonel Pawling, another 
hymn was lined out and sung, and a closing prayer was offered by 
William Frazer. 

Rensselaer County was constituted from Albany County, February 7, 
1791, and the town of Troy formed from Rensselaerwyck, March 18, 
1791. The congregation soon outgrew the ball-room, and the school- 
house became the place of meeting. As many of the inhabitants were 
Presbyterians or Congregationalists, a meeting was held at Captain 
Stephen Ashley's, December 31, 1791, when Jacob van der Heyden, 
Samuel Gale, Ephraim Morgan, John McChesney, Benjamin Covell, 
and Benjamin Gorton were elected "Trustees of the Presbyterian 
Congregation of the Town of Troy .' ' Uniting with a similar organiza 
tion in Lansingburgh, a call was extended to Jonas Coe, a Presbyterian 
licentiate. A meeting-house had been commenced previously near the 
southeast corner of Congress and First Streets for the use of all inhabit 
ants, without reference to their religious affiliations. It was completed 
and used in the spring of 1793, and in it, on June 25, Jonas Coe was or 
dained. The Rev. Thomas Ellison of St. Peter's, Albany, had watched 
with interest the settlement and growth of Troy. He had visited it to 
ascertain if there were any Churchmen to whom he could minister. 
He found some who were desirous to have the services of the Church. 
Mr. Ellison officiated occasionally, but after the arrival in 1795 of 
Philander Chase from New Hampshire to study theology under him, 
services were regularly held by Mr. Chase in the court-house until 
his ordination in 1798. Bishop Chase says in his "Reminiscences," 
volume i, page 21 : 

" In a few hours the writer was in Troy ; and being furnished with 
a letter from Mr. Ellison, soon found himself among friends. Dr. Lyn- 
son, whose widow afterwards married Jesse Oakley, of Poughkeepsie 
Mr. Williams, subsequently Judge Williams, of so much worth in 
Utica and a daughter of the Rev. Dr. Hubbard, the then faithful 

C 410 ] 



DAVID BUTLER 

rector of Trinity church, New Haven, were the persons whose civili 
ties the writer enjoyed in this first visit to that dear place now called 
Troy, the favorite city for benevolence in New York. 

* ' All denominations then met in one house, and the afternoon of Sun 
day was assigned for services of the Church, to be conducted by the 
writer. The assembly was large and decorous ; and though he was 
but the organ of others, yet the writer saw, from the specimen before 
him, what opportunities God might give him of doing good, when 
duly qualified and authorized to perform the sacred functions. This 
encouraged him to proceed with more confidence in the goodness of 
Providence." 

It is understood that, with a few visits from Mr. Ellison and Mr. Wet- 
more, the services were maintained by Judge Nathan Williams and 
others as lay readers until the arrival in 1804 of the Rev. David Butler 
and the Warren family. A meeting was held in the court-house Mon 
day, January 16, 1804. Nicholas Schuyler was chairman. A parish was 
organized under the name of "The Trustees of St. Paul's Church in 
Troy." The Rev. David Butler was elected rector. Eliakim Warren and 
Jeremiah Pierce were chosen churchwardens, and Nicholas Schuyler, 
David Buel, Lemuel Hawley, Thomas Davis, Thomas Hillhouse, 
John Bird, William S. Parker, and Hugh Peebles were chosen vestry 
men. The Corporation of Trinity Church, New York City, granted 
two thousand dollars to aid in the erection of a church edifice. A plot 
at the corner of Congress and Third Streets was purchased and a build 
ing erected under the supervision of David Buel, Thomas Davis, and 
Nicholas Schuyler. The corner-stone was laid July 2, 1804, by Mr. 
Butler. The church was completed in the summer of 1805, when the 
pews were sold " at public vendue," as the notice in the papers of the 
day announced. Mr. Butler_was inducted into the rectorship under 
mandate from Bishop Moore by the Rev. Frederic Beasley of Albany, 
Wednesday, January 8, 1806, and on the following day was inducted 
into the rectorship of Trinity Church, Lansingburgh.The organ in 
the church was from 1'Eglise du St. Esprit, New York City, and for 
twenty years was the only one in Troy and probably in the county. 
Mr. Butler divided his time equally between Troy and Lansingburgh, 
of which he was also rector, with a monthly service in Waterford. The 
church was consecrated by Bishop Moore, August 21,1806. The fol- 

Hr m lo 

C 411 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

lowing account of the service, taken from a Lansingburgh paper of 
August 26, 1806, is found in "The Churchman's Magazine" for 
September, 1806: 

"On Thursday last, the newly erected Episcopal Church at Troy 
was consecrated by the Right Rev. Bishop Moore, under the denomi 
nation of St. PauVs Church. The Bishop was assisted on this occasion 
by several of the neighbouring clergy, and a very crowded and re 
spectable congregation attended divine service, joining with becoming 
decency in the sacred offices of the day. The Bishop's deed of conse 
cration was read by the Rev. Mr. Beasley. The consecration service 
being performed, prayers were read by the Rev. Mr. Stebbins, and a 
most impressive discourse, adapted to the solemnity of the occasion, 
was delivered by the Bishop, from Exodus, ch. iii. v. 5, which was re 
ceived by the numerous auditors with the most profound silence and 
marked attention. The religious duties of the morning were concluded 
with the administration of the Holy Sacrament of the Lord's Supper 
by the Bishop, of which the clergy, and a very considerable number 
of the congregation were partakers. In the afternoon, after divine 
service, the Right of Confirmation was administered by the Bishop, 
when, we are told, about sixty persons were confirmed. A suitable 
discourse was delivered with great effect, on this occasion, by the 
Rev. Mr. Beasley, from Prov. ch. iv.v. 18." 

The progress of the parish may be traced in the letters of Mr. Butler 
in this correspondence. Mr. Warren and others were liberal and judi 
cious benefactors. In 1826 ground was purchased at the corner of State 
and Third Streets for a new church . The corner-stone was laid April 
26, 1827, by the rector. The church was completed in the summer 
of 1828, and consecrated August 16 of that year by Bishop Hobart. It 
was of Gothic architecture, with a square pinnacled tower. Its dimen 
sions were one hundred and three feet in length and seventy in width. 
The material used was Amsterdam stone. Essentially the church retains 
its original character, although there have been some alterations and 
improvements. In 1834 Dr. Butler resigned, and Isaac Peck was rec 
tor for two years. In 1837 Robert Boyd Van Kleeck commenced a fruit 
ful rectorship. He resigned in 1854, and was afterward secretary of 
the Domestic Committee of the Board of Missions. He was succeeded 
by Thomas Winthrop Coit, who is known as a liturgical scholar and 
historian, and who was professor in the Berkeley Divinity School 

[ 412 ]] 



DAVID BUTLER 

from 1872 to his death in 1885. Dr. Eliphalet Nott Potter was associate 
rector from 1869 to 1872. He became successively president of Union 
and Hobart Colleges. In 1873 Francis Harison, known as a learned 
canonist, was chosen rector. He died December 29, 1885, and was 
succeeded after an interval by the Rev. Edgar A. Enos, who was in 
office in March, 1912. As recorded in the American Church Almanac 
for 1912, there are nine hundred and seventy-five communicants. 

Trinity Church, Lansingburgh. 

The elevated plateau on the Hudson River eight miles above Fort 
Orange, known to the Indians as Tascamcatick, was on Septem 
ber 1, 1670, granted by Colonel Francis Lovelace, governor of New 
York, to Robert Saunders, a wealthy merchant and Indian trader of 
Albany. The woodland to the south of it, which was called Pass- 
quassick, and a small island, styled Whale Island, were also granted 
to him, March 22, 1679, by Sir Edmund Andross, then governor. 
In 1681 Mr. Saunders sold a portion of the woodland to Pieter van 
Woggelum, and on May 26, 1683, disposed of his other lands to 
Joannes Wendell. A patent for them was issued to Mr. Wendell, July 
2, 1686, by Colonel Thomas Dongan, the governor of New York. Rob 
ert Wendell, the heir of the patentee, sold them on June 21, 1763, to 
Abraham Jacob Lansingh for three hundred pounds. In 1771 Mr. Lan- 
singh had the land surveyed, and laid out as a city, by Joseph Blanchard. 
Its convenient situation attracted traders and merchants. Among the 
early settlers were William Spotton, William Pemberton, Josiah Rose, 
Nathaniel Oaks, and John Walker. In 1774 R. van Vranka was ap 
pointed schoolmaster under an agreement by which he was to hold re 
ligious services every Sunday, excepting four in the year, and read one 
English and one Dutch sermon. The first religious organization was 
held on June 18, 1782, when Brandt Schuyler Lupton gathered a con 
gregation and formed the nucleus of a Reformed Protestant Dutch 
Church, which on November 3, 1788, recognized him as pastor, and 
chose Flores Bancker as elder, with Albert Pawling and Christopher 
Tillman as deacons. Mr. Lupton was ordained on the third Sunday 
in November, 1788. A church was built on the northwest corner of 
John and Richard Streets. In 1792 Mr. Lupton died, and the mem 
bers of his congregation refrained from calling a successor. Many 
of them joined with the Presbyterians in the incorporation of a Pres 
et 413 H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

byterian Church, for which, on August 9, 1792, Levinus Lansingh, 
John Lovett, John D. Dickinson, James Dole, Jonas Morgan, and Shu- 
bael Gorham were elected trustees. The property of the Dutch Church 
seems to have been in possession of the new organization. In 1800 the 
Synod of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church declared the pastor 
ate vacant, and the legal existence of the church was apparently ter 
minated. The Presbyterian Society built a large brick church on the 
north end of the Green, of which the corner-stone was laid July 5, 
1 793 . The few Churchmen of the village had attended the services held 
in Troy by Mr. Chase and others until the arrival of David Butler. In 
his preliminary negotiations with the congregations at Troy and Lan- 
singburgh Mr. Butler had made it a condition that legal parishes 
should be formed. 

A meeting for organization was held at the academy on January 5, 
1804, when a parish was organized by the name of Trinity Church, 
Lansingburgh. John Young and David Smith were elected wardens; 
John Rutherford, William Bradley, Stephen Ross, John Walsh, Jo 
seph S. Mabbett, Jonathan Burr, all of Lansingburgh, and Henry 
David of Waterford were elected vestrymen. Mr. Butler was elected 
rector. A church was built in 1806 on the northwest corner of John 
and Market Streets, and consecrated by Bishop Moore, Friday, Au 
gust 22, of the same year. It was of wood, with three hundred sittings, 
and cost five thousand dollars. Trinity Church, New York City, made 
a grant in 1804 of twenty-five hundred dollars for the churches in 
Lansingburgh and Waterford. This sum was probably expended on 
the church building, as Waterford was represented on the vestry, and 
Mr. Butler extended his work to that village at least monthly. He re 
signed his rectorship in the spring of 1814 to devote his whole time to 
the large work he had developed in Troy. The parish then united with 
Grace Church, Waterford, in electing the Rev. Parker Adams as joint 
rector. He remained until 1818, and was succeeded by the Rev. George 
Upfold, who had been made deacon by Bishop Hobart, October 21, 
1818. During his incumbency there was much prosperity. He was 
ordained priest in Trinity Church, Lansingburgh, July 3, 1820. He 
removed to New York later in the same year to become rector of the 
newly established parish in Greenwich village, named St. Luke's 
Church. He was subsequently rector of Trinity Church, Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, and Bishop of Indiana. He died August 26, 1872, in 

414 



DAVID BUTLER 

his seventy-seventh year. The Rev. Benjamin Dorr, then in his diaco- 
nate, took charge; after his ordination to the priesthood, January 15, 
1821, he was elected rector, and resigned in 1829. He was subse 
quently rector of Trinity Church, Utica, secretary of the Domestic 
Committee of the Board of Missions, and rector of Christ Church, 
Philadelphia. He died September 18, 1869, in the seventy-fourth year 
of his age. From 1829 the parish enjoyed the full services of its rector. 
Dr. Dorr's successors up to 1881 have been Phineas L. Whipple, Alvi 
Tabor Twing, afterward secretary of the Domestic Committee of the 
Board of Missions, William Henry Cook, and Byron J.Hall. In 1868 
the church was destroyed by fire. A new church of Gothic architec 
ture was built in 1869, and consecrated the following year. The cost 
was forty thousand dollars. In 1881 the Rev. Charles Metcalf Nicker- 
son became rector, and was in office in March, 1912. The American 
Church Almanac for 1912 records two hundred and seventy-three 
communicants . 



C 415 



CYRUS STEBBINS 

STEBBINS was a Methodist minister on the Albany Cir- 
v_>< cuit. He came under the influence of the Rev. Mr. Beasley of 
Albany, and others, and about 1804 conformed to the Church. He was 
stationed at St. George's, Schenectady, as lay reader. He was made 
deacon by the Rt. Rev. Dr. Moore on April 28, 1805, and ordained 
priest by the same Bishop, Sunday, August 24, 1806. Under his ad 
ministration the old parish took on new life. He had the happiness of 
receiving Professor Brownell, afterward the Bishop of Connecticut, into 
the Church by holy baptism in 1816, and found among the students 
many who were seeking for a religious system which would satisfy 
them. 

In 1820 he became rector of Christ Church, Hudson. In this position 
he had real difficulties to overcome, many hindrances to the frank and 
full presentation of the Church's ways and doctrines. By quiet per 
sistence he overcame them, and after nearly ten years left an united 
and prosperous congregation. He passed the remainder of his life in 
Grace Church, Waterford, and St. John's, Cohoes. It was real mis 
sionary ground, and he was able to show great changes for the better. 
His home was in Waterford. He was confined to the house for several 
months with a painful illness, and died February 8, 1841. 

The Bishop, Dr. Onderdonk, thus alludes to him in his address 
to the Convention of the diocese in 1841, when giving his account of 
the services he held on the Fourth Sunday after Easter, May 9, 1841 : 
"In the evening preached in Grace Church, Waterford, Saratoga 
County. This parish I found in other hands than those in which it 
was when I last addressed you. The Rev. Cyrus Stebbins, D.D., the 
Rector of the Parish, and the Missionary there and at Cohoes, Albany 
County, had a few months before, closed the life of a devout Christian, 
a faithful minister of Jesus, and a divine of more than ordinary quali 
fications and ability, by a truly Christian death, the approach of which, 
by a lingering and painful disease, was met as the Spirit and armor 
supplied by CHRIST can alone enable the Christian to meet the King 
of terrors." 



C 416 



CYRUS STEBBINS 

[FROM CYRUS STEBBINS] 

REV AND DEAR SIR Scheneftady March , ,' ,805 

THIS moment an oportunity presents of sending you a 
line free of postage and I im brace it to let you know that 
( through the blessing of kind providence ) I am well as I hope 
this will find you and yours, and request you if posable to 
assertain and let me know when I can be admitted to Holy 
Orders, and hope it will be soon as the people begin to grow 
weary of our present mode of proceeding and earnestly desire 
preaching. They cheerfully acquiest in the Judgment of the 
BE and standing committee that some delay was proper altho 
on their own account they wanted none, but yet for the gen 
eral good thought it very proper, and now they think if the 
BP &c were satisfy? with regard to my character that the delay 
has been sufficient and sir I am irresistibly impress 1 ! that if it 
could be consistant my being authoriz? to administer to this 
people would be of great advantage to the congregation, and 
I fear a long delay will be attended with evil. I speak not on 
my own account ( altho I wish it if consistant ) for I feel all the 
unworthiness I ever felt and am dispos? to ly at your feet but 
I feel for the people who are often interogating me on the 
subject and I hardly know what reply to make, sickness in 
my family some months past has interupted my studies consid 
erably but I have made it my business to study the authors 
directed and have studied all of them Hooker on the Episco 
pacy and the Cannons of the Church excepted neither of which 
I could obtain as to the former I am fully established in it and 
the latter I could examine in a few hours if I could obtain them 
I have examin? the old English cannons and those of the last 
convention and I hope for indulgence I am yours 

CYRUS STEBBINS 

C 417 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

PS Pleas sir to let me hear from you soon as I have some busi 
ness which will call me to New- York this spring and if posable 
wish to have one journey answer 

Superscription : 

REV? JOHN H. HOBART, New- York Greenwich st. No. 
Capt Walton's! 

Politeness J 

ANNOTATION 

John Walton. 

Captain John Walton was a well-known citizen of Schenectady. On 

April 28, 1798, he married Susan Mebie. 



[ FROM CYRUS STEBBINS ] 
REV D SIR Scheneftady April 5!!! 1805- 

YOURS of 20 th March came to hand the s^inst. and was 
perused with satisfaction I am happy to find that the Bp 
is ready to proceed to my ordination, and additionally so con 
sidering the anxiety of the people and shall visit you as soon as 
convenient, but do not expec"l I shall be able to leave this 
untill after caster the reasons of the delay the bearer of this 
( who I expe6t will see you ) will undoubtedly inform you of, 
and can you admit me as one of your number who have 
nothing to recommend me unless it is a sincere desire to do 
the will of God and be useful in the Church. That God may 
ever direcl and bless you is dear sir the cordial wish and prayer 
of your sincere friend and humble servant 

CYRUS STEBBINS 

Superscription: 

REV? JOHN H. HOBART New York 
The politeness of 1 

Mr. Constable. J 

418 



CYRUS STEBBINS 

ANNOTATION 

James Constable. 

The family of Constable seems to have settled in Schenectady in the 
latter part of the eighteenth century. Dr. John Constable was a well- 
known physician, whose widow, Jane, died October 7, 1805, in her 
seventy-third year. James Constable was warden of St. George's 
Church, Schenectady, in 1804, and continued in office till his death in 
1809. He was interested in all Church affairs. In his will, dated Janu 
ary 10, 1806, and which was probated September 2, 1809, he remem 
bered his nephews, William and John Constable ; his sister Harriet 
Pierce of Bristol, England; his sister Eurietta, wife of Mr. Pincard; 
and Mrs. Ann Constable, the widow of his brother William. 



419 U 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

[ FROM FREDERIC BEASLEY ] 

Albany April 8 th 1805 

WHY, my Dear Hobart, have you been so long silent? 
It cannot be that my friend has not thought of me, has 
not felt for me during the last long & to me gloomy winter 
I will not believe it. This letter will put you in mind that 
I have done more than I once thought I should be able to do, 
I have survived the shock I have learnt submission I have 
become resigned to to the disposal of my God I have some 
time, thought it hard that you neglected me in the day of 
my affliction. Yet you may have had good reasons. I will so far 
flatter myself as to think so. Have I done any thing to occasion 
this long silence? Then tell me what it is & give me an oppor 
tunity of acknowleging my fault & seeking the foregiveness 
of my friend. Let me not at any rate whilst enduring the acut- 
est suffering that ever falls to the lot of man, be deprived of 
the consolation wh it is always in the power of my Hobart, so 
abundantly to impart. 

Remember me & Mary with the utmost affection to Mr s H. 
Kiss little Jane & Rebecca & my God-son for me. Present the 
inclosed Memorial immediately, if you please, to the Bishop. 
I am afraid that even this attempt will be unsuccessful. If it be 
so, the consequences to the church of Albany will be very 
serious. We are at this time selling our lots under very dis 
advantageous circumstances, wh would be very valuable to us 
in a few years And unless Trinity church will do something 
for us, one of two evils must be the result Either the whole 
of the ch: property must be sold to pay off our debts, or we 
must be exposed to the inconvenience of paying the interest of 
the money wh we have borrowed & this interest, like a moth 

420 



FREDERIC BEASLEY 

is at this time eating up what little we possess. I wish it were 
in your power to interest the Bp: with this business. It is of 
more importance to the interests of our ch:, I am afraid, than 
he is aware of. In my humble opinion, it is now his duty to exert 
himself in the behalf of this ch. And I am well assured that if 
he would do so, the work would be accomplished. I remain 

as ever yours 

affectionately 

FREDERIC BEASLEY 

Superscription: 

REV D JOHN H: HOBART, New York, No. 46 Greenwich St: 

Endorsement in Bishop Ho barfs handwriting: 

Robert Hobart, son of Robert Gibbons & Hannah. Born Dec: 
1804 Baptz^ April 14. 1804 



ANNOTATIONS 

Susan W. Be as ley. 

The allusion is to the death of Mr. Beasley's wife, Susan W.,who 
died November 28, 1804. See sketch of Frederic Beasley, Volume III, 
page 32 5. 

Mary Dayton. 

The Mary alluded to by Frederic Beasley was probably his wife's sis 
ter, but as Mary was a family name in the Beasley, Blount, and Day 
ton families, it is impossible to say definitely to which Mary Mr. Beas 
ley refers. 

Jane Chandler Hobart. 

Jane was the eldest daughter of John Henry Hobart. See Volume I, 

page cc. 

Rebecca Smith Hobart. 

Rebecca was the second daughter of Mr. Hobart. See Volume I, pagecc. 

421 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Godson of Frederic Beasley. 

William Henry Hobart was Mr. Beasley 's godson. See Volume 1, 

page cc. He afterwards gained distinction as a physician in New York. 

Memorial to Bishop Moore. 

This refers to a memorial and statement drawn up by the rector of 
St. Peter's Church, Albany, and presented to the rector and vestry of 
Trinity Church, New York. The memorial set forth the condition of 
affairs in Albany, and gave the reasons why Trinity Church should 
come to the aid of St. Peter's Church. 

Mr. Beasley was a true prophet. Before thirty-five years had passed, 
the parish of St. Peter's, Albany, found itself without property and 
burdened with debt. Only wise management redeemed the lot on 
which the church building stood. 

Robert Hobart Gibbons. 

The endorsement on Mr. Beasley's letter, which is in the writing of 
John Henry Hobart, was probably a memorandum made at the time 
of the baptism alluded to, although the date of the baptism is evi 
dently wrong. It was most probably performed on April 14, 1805, be 
ing very likely the same day that Mr. Hobart received the letter from 
Mr. Beasley. An examination of the records of Trinity Parish fails to 
reveal any baptism of a Robert Hobart Gibbons, and this endorsement 
on a letter is, therefore, probably the only record now in existence of 
that fact. 



422 






JAMES RICKETTS 

[ FROM JAMES RICKETTS ] 
DEAR SIR 

I SEND you enclosed an Order on the Bank of New York 
for One Hundred Dollars which you will please to send 
me a receipt for and place to my Credit on my Son Philips 
account. 

M 1 ? R. with Maria & Jane unite in love to you & M? Ho- 
bart 

I am 

Dear Sir 

Yours Affe6ly 

JAMES RICKETTS 

THE REV D M R HOBART. 

April I7 r . h 1805 
Superscription: 

THE REV? M? HOBART N? 46 Greenwich Street New York 
Favor'd by"| 
M' David j- 
Armstrong; 

ANNOTATIONS 

Philip Ricketts. 

See sketch of James Ricketts, Volume III, page 342. 

Sarah Ricketts. 

For mention of Mrs. James Ricketts see sketch of James Ricketts, 

Volume III, page 342. 

Maria Ricketts. 

See sketch of James Ricketts, Volume III, page 342. 

Jane Lawrence. 

Jane Lawrence was the niece of James Ricketts, and the only child of 
his sister, Jane Tongrelow Ricketts, who married William Lawrence. 
Jane Lawrence was left an orphan and penniless, but was provided 
for by James Ricketts, with whom she lived. She died unmarried. 

423 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

David Armstrong. 

David Armstrong was probably the son of Colonel William Armstrong, 

who resided at Elizabeth Town. 

The Editor is indebted to David Maitland Armstrong, the well- 
known artist, for the following note : 

"My Grandfather, Colonel William Armstrong, lived in Elizabeth- 
town. He was married twice. His first wife, Christian Amiel, was alive 
October 31st, 1791, but must have died prior to 1800, as my father, 
Captain Edward Armstrong, was born in that year. His mother, Mar 
garet Marshall, was Colonel Armstrong's second wife. Christian Amiel 
left two sons, Henry Bruin and David Affleck. I have books with 
David's name in them, as a Student at Columbia College, but no 
dates. I also find an old Memorandum that he was ' a graduate of Co 
lumbia, and studied medicine, was a young man of great promise.' ' 
David Armstrong's name is not on the published lists of graduates of 
Columbia, but that does not necessarily imply that he did not gradu 
ate, as the records for that early period are not complete. 



424 



JOHN CHURCHILL RUDD 

[ FROM JOHN CHURCHILL RUDD ] 

Hempstead May 13!^ 1805 

DEAR SIR 

YOU may probably be surprised to receive a letter from 
me of this date from this place But M 1 : H's arange- 
ments were such as to render the prosecution of my Journey, 
highly inconvenient if not impossible I am to go on tomor 
row, I yesterday officiated for M r . H. at his New Ch. on the 
North Side. My performances were well received by many, 
who did you the injustice to suppose you was the person be 
fore them I hope I improved a little, I had committed my 
sermon entirely to memory. I hope that your labour upon 
me will not be entirely lost for the instructions you have 
given me as well as the particular marks of kindness and 
friendship you, and the Bishop & clergy generally have con 
ferred upon me, I hope & believe, I shall ever feel the warm 
est sentiments of gratitude & Respe6l. 

The solicitude you have ever manifested for me, merits my 
particular acknowledgement & thanks I hope you will ever 
continue to give me your instructions and remarks freely, 
Labouring under the many disadvantages I have, & still do 
(of which no one has any idea but myself) I have in need of 
that advice & instruction, which most young men on entering 
the ministry do not require The solemn magnitude of the 
office I bear, has often almost induced me to relinquish the 
idea of preparing for it, I still feel this magnitude increase 
Pray for me that, my strength fail not, & that I may advance 
in knowledge, usefulness and piety 

My Respefts to M^ s H. & Family 

Your Friend & ob d 5 Serv'. 

J. C. RUDD 
425 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

I shall hope to hear from you by mail or otherwise the mail 
for Huntington leaves New York, I think on Thursday, A.M. 
I ought not to forget to observe that I am highly pleased 
with M r . & M 1 ? H and with ( as he calls it ) Old Blue gener 
ally- 

Superscription: 

THE REV. JOHN HENRV HOBART, No 46 Greenwich St., New York 



ANNOTATIONS 

Seth Hart. 

The Mr. H. alluded to was Seth Hart, for sketch of whom see Vol 
ume III, page 246. 

Ruth Hart. 

The Mrs. H. referred to by Mr. Rudd was the wife of Seth Hart, 
who, on October 7, 1788, married Ruth, daughter of Benjamin and 
Hannah (Burnham) Hall ofWallingford, Connecticut. Mrs. Seth Hart 
was born April 8, 1770, and died November 3, 1841. 



[ FROM JOHN CHURCHILL RUDD ] 

Huntington 16 May, 1805 

DEAR SIR, 

ATER considerable fatigue I have reached this place. 
The heavy rains which have fallen have detained me 
till about 2 hours ago from leaving the house. I have in that 
time found the inside of the Ch, ( and s.wretched one it is indeed) 
and one or two Ch families those with whom I have conversed 
are apparently very solicitous but to put the Ch. on a good 
footing will require the utmost patience, and a great degree 
of hard labour . As I keep a Journal of my Daily proceed- 

C 426 3 



JOHN CHURCHILL RUDD 

ings, shall not descend to particulars. Bishop Moore, Gave me 
6 prayer Books, (being all I could well bring ) with an in 
timation that more might be had, and as I feared he might be 
from home I concluded to write you for them, requesting 
you to forward as many as you please, by the bearer of this, 
which you can do by leaving them, as soon as possible at my 
house No 13 Partition St, I think they will be as useful here 
as any where, and presume there is not 3 copies of the revised 
edition of the Com. prayer in this Town or its neighbourhood. 
I shall hope for a letter from you by the bearer of this. 
With sentiments of gratitude &c. 

Yours obediently, 

No superscription. J C RlJDD 



ANNOTATIONS 

St. John's Church, Huntington. 

Huntington is the most westerly town in Suffolk County. It extends 
from Long Island Sound on the north to the Great South Bay on the 
south. It has ten miles of coast on the sound and six miles on the bay. 
In 1640 an attempt by men from New England to make a settlement 
was forbidden by Governor William Kief t of New Netherland. In 1646 
Governor William Eaton of New Haven purchased the promontory 
known as Eaton's Neck. Richard Houldbrook, Robert Williams, and 
Daniel Whitehead purchased April 2, 1653, from Raskokan, sagamore 
of Matinecock, the tract of land comprising the greater part of the pres 
ent town. Among the early settlers, who were principally Presbyterians, 
or Independents in religion from England or New England, were Wil 
liam Leveredge, Jonas Wood, Isaac Platt, Thomas Scidmore, Robert 
Seely, John Ketcham, Thomas Wicks, Thomas Jones. These gentle 
men were named in the patent for the town, issued by Governor Nicoll, 
November 30, 1666, as the proprietors' representatives. Governor An- 
dross in 1668 and Governor Fletcher in 1694 renewed the patent. 
Among other early inhabitants were John Adams, Robert Arthur, 

C 427 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

George Baldwin, Thomas Benedict, Samuel Blackman, William Bro- 
therson, John Betts. The town was called Huntington, in honour of 
Oliver Cromwell, whose birthplace was a village of that name in Eng 
land. A church of the Independent order was organized soon after the 
settlement under Mr. Leveredge, who had been educated at Cam 
bridge University and ordained in the Church of England. He was 
among the many who adhered to the cause of Parliament and adopted 
the principles of the Independents in religion. The earliest visit of a 
priest to the church was by Robert Jenney of Hempstead, August 25, 
1727, when he solemnized the marriage of Benjamin Tread well of 
Hempstead to Phebe Platt of Huntington. 

Mr. Leveredge proved to be a capable leader both in secular and re 
ligious affairs. A house and lot were purchased for him by the town in 
February, 1 662, and he was granted * ' the use of all the meadow about 
Cow-Harbour on both sides of the Creek as long as he should con 
tinue the minister of Huntington." The first meeting-house was built 
in 1665. Until 1740 all the people of the town worshipped together 
under the successors of Mr. Leveredge, Eliphalet Jones, and Ebenezer 
Prime. The preaching of John Wesley and George Whitefield had the 
effect of accentuating the distinctive features of the theology of John 
Calvin, of which they were both at first the firm supporters. In the 
revolt from Calvinism and "enthusiasm," many thoughtful men in 
New England and elsewhere sought a refuge in the Church of England . 
Mr. Seabury of Hempstead had visited Huntington as early as 1745, 
where he held services and found some inclined to the Church. In 
1748 the following petition from Huntington, taken from Hawks and 
Perry's "Connecticut Church Documents," volume i, page 247, was 
sent to the Venerable Propagation Society: 

We are inhabitants of a town which, till of late, has been under great 
prejudices against the Church of England, a fewexcepted ; but by late 
enthusiastic confusions, which mightily prevailed here, some of us have 
been awakened to consider the consequence of those principles in which 
we had been educated, and by the assistance of the Reverend Mr. Sea- 
bury, the Society's missionary at Hempstead, who has been very ready 
to visit us on week days, and to perform divine service among us, 
we have most heartily embraced the established Church, and think it 
our duty, for our own improvement in true religion, for the good of our 

C 428 ] 



JOHN CHURCHILL RUDD 

country, and for the honour of God, to join with our neighbours, con 
formists, and do all in our power for the promotion of the interests of 
the established Church ; in our zeal for which, we have built a Church 
that, in a little time, will be commodious for public use ; but as we are 
eighteen miles distant from Mr. Seabury, who is the nearest missionary, 
and he being obliged to attend two Churches in his own parish, viz., 
those of Hempstead and Oyster Bay, we, therefore, most humbly beg 
the Society to attend to our prayers, which is, that Mr. Samuel Seabury, 
the son of your worthy missionary, a young gentleman (lately edu 
cated and graduated at Yale College) of a good character and excellent 
hopes, may be appointed the Society's Catechist at this place, and per 
form divine service among us in a lay capacity, with some allowance 
from the honourable Society for that service. 

In testimony of our sincerity, we have to this affixed our subscription 
of such sums of money as each of us respectively promise and oblige 
ourselves to pay to Mr. Samuel Seabury aforesaid, yearly, in half yearly 
payments, for the space of three years, for officiating amongst us ; 
which subscription, we beg the honourable Society to believe, will be 
punctually paid by the honourable Society's most humble petitioners, 
the subscribers, H LLOYD> 

And others. 

The request was granted, and the young graduate read services and 
sermons until his departure for England in 1751. A notice of Bishop 
Seabury will be found in Volume I, page 173. Dr. Moore, on page 99 
of his "History of St. George's Church, Hempstead," records the 
following incident of the elder Seabury's work at Huntington : 

" When the Rev. Mr. Seabury began to officiate at Huntington, a 
severe attack was made upon him by a preacher at that place as be 
ing an intruder, and as one who was a destroyer of souls and a hin- 
derer of Christ's work. This virulent attack, which was but the mani 
festation of the evil temper towards the Episcopal Church which had 
been excited by Whitfield's preaching, who, although himself a minister 
of the Church, could not recognize the existence of real piety as being 
possible to her members, and who resembled the Maronites of Asia 
Minor, who declare that every Maronite will be saved and every one 
else will be accursed. Mr. Seabury is said to have published a reply 
to this assault which was couched in gentle terms and manifested a 

C 4-29 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

forbearing and kindly spirit, well adapted to convince a gainsayer. 
But * Leviathan is not so tamed.' The man of bitter spirit proposed to 
Mr. Seabury a public discussion of their different religious systems. 
To this proposition Mr. S. replied : * I have no leisure for controversy 
nor delight in it. My great desire is (so far as God will enable me) 
to prosecute the commission and command of our Lord as given 
in Luke 24 : 47 : That repentance and remission of sins should be 
preached in His name among all nations.' ' 

In 1748 a small lot was purchased for five pounds from Captain John 
David upon which to build a church. It was enlarged by the gift from 
the Jarvis family of an ample plot in front of the David lot, which had 
been a private burial-place. The site was a commanding one, on the 
elevated ground between Huntington harbour and the village. In 1749 
a subscription was commenced for a church building. Henry Lloyd 
gave one hundred and forty-five pounds, and other Churchmen one 
hundred and forty pounds and one shilling. Among the names on the 
list are : Timothy Tredwell, Dennis Wright, Isaac Rogers, Epenetus 
Platt, William Nicholl, Jr., Richard Floyd, and Monsieur Veits. An 
additional amount of nineteen pounds was paid for the glass. In 1750 
the elder Seabury reports to the Venerable Society : 

' The church at Huntington is also rendered very commodious, and 
a congregation of fifty or sixty persons, and sometimes more, constantly 
attend Divine Service there, who behave very devoutly and perform 
their part in Divine worship very decently. They had taken from them 
in the late mortal sickness four of their most substantial members, who 
bore the principal part of building the church, which has very much 
weakened their ability, and they have desired me to ask of the Society 
a folio Bible and Common Prayer Book, for the use of the church." 
[Moore's History of St. George's Church, Hempstead, p. 100.] 

Soon after a glebe was purchased of the value of two hundred pounds, 
New York currency. This was deeded in trust to the Venerable So 
ciety. After the departure of the catechist, his father ministered as 
frequently as he could. In 1764 Ebenezer Kneeland, a candidate for 
orders, afterward assistant to Dr. Johnson at Stratford and his succes 
sor, became lay reader for one year. In 1767 the Rev. James Greaton, 
a graduate of Yale College in 1754, and son of John Greaton, a promi 
nent member of King's Chapel, Boston, was made missionary. Or 
dained by the Bishop of London in January, 1760, he became assistant 

C 430 ] 



JOHN CHURCHILL RUDD 

to Dr. Timothy Cutler, in Christ Church, Boston, and upon the death 
of the rector in August, 1765, many of the congregation desired the 
appointment of Mr. Greaton to the rectorship. This was not approved 
by others, who made such representations to the Venerable Society 
that Mr. Greaton never assumed the duties of the office to which he 
had been chosen by the majority of the proprietors, but continued to 
officiateuntil 1767, when he resigned. He then spent six years in Hunt- 
ington. He died in 1773. He had married in 1771, Mary Wheelwright 
of Boston, who survived him and lived for many years in the new glebe 
house in the village. She married for her second husband Dr. Nathan 
G. Prime of Huntington. Few services were held during the Revolu 
tion. It is understood that about 1779 the Rev. John H.Rowland served 
for three years, after which he went to St. Andrew's Church, Staten 
Island, and in 1787 to Nova Scotia. While living in New York City, 
near the close of the Revolution, the parish enjoyed the occasional 
ministration of the Rev. William Walter of Boston and the Rev. John 
Sayre of Fairfield, Connecticut. No regular services were held until 
Mr. Rudd's arrival. After the effort made by him, there was practically 
a suspension of animation in the parish, until the efforts of Edward K. 
Fowler in 1823 revived it. He took charge of Huntington in connection 
with Oyster Bay, and worked with such energy that in three years he 
left it with new strength, both financial and spiritual. In 1826 Samuel 
Seabury, a son of Charles Seabury of Setauket, who had been made 
deacon by Bishop Hobart, April 12, 1826, succeeded him, and remained 
for a year. Dr. Seabury was afterward founder and rector of the Church 
of the Annunciation, New York City, and professor in the General The 
ological Seminary. He died October 10, 1872. In 1836 Isaac Sherwood 
became rector, and under him the parish was incorporated May 7, 
1838, when Daniel W. Kissam and John R. Rhinelander were elected 
wardens; William C. Stout, Nathaniel Bloodgood, William M. Haw 
thorne, Joel Platt, Abraham Van Wyck, Charles P. Stewart, Hiram 
Paulding, and William Hewlett were elected vestrymen. His succes 
sors to 1910 have been Moses Mercer, Charles Henry Hall, afterward 
rector of the Church of the Holy Trinity, Brooklyn, Charles D. Mc- 
Leod, William W.Maybin, William G. Farrington, James H. Wil 
liams, William J. Lund, Charles B. Ellsworth, Alfred J. Barrow, 
Thaddeus A. Snively, Napoleon Barrows, Theodore M. Peck, Charles 
W. Turner, and James Fley Aitkins. The rector in March, 1912, was 

C 431 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Charles Eld win Cragg. As recorded in the American Church Almanac 
for 1912, there are one hundred and fifty-three communicants. 

The Prayer Book of 1 804. 

The revision of the Prayer Book alluded to by Mr. Rudd consisted 
in adding the Office of Induction, which was adopted by the General 
Convention of 1804. 



[ FROM JOHN CHURCHILL RUDD ] 

Humington 24 th May, 1805. 

REV & D* SIR, 

YOUR very acceptable favour of 2O th together with the 
prayer Books came safe to hand, To one so very soli 
tary as I have been letters afford much satisfaction. You will 
undoubtedly wish to know a little what I have done: On Sun 
day last perform Divine service here twice, to quite a hand 
some congregation, am able to calculate on 19 families in this 
place who will adhere to the Ch. tho' some of them will not 
do it much good either by piety or interest. This I think is 
quite a low & dissolute place Intemperance is a predominant 
Vice. Next Sunday I am engaged at Oyster Bay ; Within this 
Township wh includes East Woods are several Ch. families, 
but in the Town, for want of regular worship, they have be 
come ( what may well be expected ) liberal in their sentiments, 
as they term it, but what we should call infidelity, as near as 
I can judge from the conversation of some of their principal 
men. I have undergone much embarrassment, both here and 
then I do not think I have met that treatment & attention here 
that the solemn nature of my business merits. But by constant 
perseverance I hope to engage the hearts of some who may 
be disposed to assist me in restoring the Ch, the only requi- 

[ 432 J 



JOHN CHURCHILL RUDD 

site is a little spirit on the part of the people. I have taken a 
tour to Satauket, alias Brookhaven, & Islip, in order to make 
some arrangements. I had no letters of introduction I was 
therefore under the necessity of pushing myself. At the former 
place I met the most friendly reception, & those I saw who 
were probably the most influential, manifested a zeal and satis 
faction which augurs much good. I engaged to perform Divine 
service there the 4^ Sunday in June, leaving Satauket I went 
to Islip, I here met a very cordial reception from Ml Terry & 
family the only Ch people I saw They informed me that they 
had no doubt, but quite a congregation might be raised there, 
could they once more be put in the right way. I engaged to 
be there on the 5 Sunday in June. I have made my engage 
ments for visiting N York on the 2"^ Sunday in June, when I 
shall be regulated by you, If there should be anything in this 
arangement you could wish altered you will advise me pL Mail, 
recollecting it leaves N York Thursday Morning at 7 O'Clock, 
When I see you shall hand you a journal of my particular 
transactions. It shall be my endeavour to regard your friendly 
admonitions, and by the grace of God to profit thereby, Con 
tinue to give me your advice, and pray God to make my la 
bours here tend to the good of my own soul & to those who 
hear, and that they may prove advantageous to the general 
good of the Ch, With sentiments of Respect 

Y? fl & Brother J. C. RUDD 

P.S. you may at all times address here, 

Superscription: 

REV. J. H HOBART No 46 Greenwich Street New York 



433 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

ANNOTATIONS 

Christ Churchy Oyster Bay. 

This town is on the eastern border of Nassau County, Long Island, 
and extends across the island from Long Island Sound to the Atlantic 
Ocean. The northern shore is indented by irregular bays, among them 
Oyster Bay, Cold Spring, and Oyster Bay Harbour. South Oyster Bay, 
separated from theocean by Jones Beach, is on its southern boundary. 
It was originally the home of the Matinecock Indians in the north and 
the Massapeague Indians in the south. On April 17, 1640, James Far- 
ret, agent of the Earl of Sterling, granted permission to Daniel Howe, 
Job Paine, and others to purchase land and settle on Long Island, 
' ' with a full liberty both in Church order and civil government as the 
plantation of Massachusetts enjoyed." Daniel Howe purchased land 
' ' extending from the eastern part of Oyster Bay to the western part 
of a Bay called after him Howe's Bay to the middle of the plain.' 1 A 
settlement was commenced May 10 on the west side of Cow Neck, 
extending to Manhansett or Cow Bay. It was soon broken up by Gov 
ernor William Kieft, as within the territory of New Netherlands. A 
second attempt was made in 1645, but without success. In 1653 Peter 
Wright, Samuel Kaye, and William Leveridge purchased of Assi- 
apsum or Moheness, the Matinecock sachem, the greater part of the 
present township. They afterward associated with themselves William 
Washborne, Thomas Armitage, Daniel Whitehead, Anthony Wright, 
Robert Williams, John Washborne, and Richard Holdbrook. A patent 
was issued November 29 , 1 667, by Governor Nicolls, and confirmed by 
Governor Andross September 29, 1677, to Henry Townsend, Nich 
olas Wright, Thomas Townsend, Gideon Wright, Richard Harker, 
Joseph Carpenter, and Josias Latting. The first religious meetings were 
those of the Society of Friends. A meeting had been formed as early 
as 1659, and in 1661 the removal from Jamaica, where they had been 
piersecuted, of Richard Harker, Samuel Andrews, Nathaniel Coles, 
Nathaniel and John Townsend, added largely to its strength. A meet 
ing-house was built in 1672 upon a plot given by Anthony Wright, 
which was visited by many distinguished Quaker preachers, among 
them John Vokins. The society flourished until about 1700, but was 
revived in 1749 by John Fothergill and Thomas Chalkley. Within 

C 434 3 



JOHN CHURCHILL RUDD 

this town there remained until recently many Quaker families. The 
home of Elias Hicks, the Quaker reformer of 1830, was at a hamlet 
in the town named after him, Hicksville. The Baptists built a meet 
ing-house in 1724. The earliest services of the Church were held by 
George Keith in his memorable travels under the auspices of the Ven 
erable Society in 1702. In his Journal, as reprinted in the "Protestant 
Episcopal Historical Collections," volume i, page 27, he records: 

"Sept. 15, 1702. We hired a sloop to carry us from New-London to 
Long- Island over the Sound, being about Six Leagues Broad, and that 
day we safely arrived at a Place on Long- Island, called, Oyster- Ponds, 
about Noon, after that we came on Horseback that Day 24 Miles, and 
lodged at Mr . HoiveV s an Inn-keeper ; the next Day we Travelled 45 
Miles, to Seatalket, and lodged at Mr. Gibs, Innkeeper ; the next Day, 
being the 17th Instant we Travelled 32 Miles, all upon Long-Island, 
and arrived at Oysterbay, where we were kindly received, and hospi- 
tally entertained by Mr. Edward White at his House, on free cost, for 
several Days, where we staid to rest and refresh us. He was a Justice 
of Peace, and had been formerly a Quaker, and his Wife had been 
a Quaker also, and was not quite come off from the Quakers. 

" Septemb. 20, Sunday. At the Request of Mr. Edward White, and 
some other Neighbours in the Town, having used the Church Prayers 
before Sermon, I Preached on Titus 2. 11,12. And that Day Mr. Tal- 
bot Baptized a Child, at the request of the Child's Mother, her Hus 
band being from home." 

Mr. Keith, in his letter to the Venerable Society from Philadelphia, 
April 3, 1703, mentions Oyster Bay among the places that desired 
to have ministers sent to them. The Churchmen in that town were 
placed under the care of the Rev. John Thomas, incumbent of St. 
George's Church, Hempstead. A small church was built at Oyster 
Bay about 1707. In a return made to the Venerable Society in an 
swer to their interrogatories of 1724, Mr. Jenney, the successor of 
Mr. Thomas, says: "There are but two churches in my parish, one 
at Hempstead and a very small one at Oysterbay, where our congre 
gation increases, but is yet very small." [Quoted in Moore" 1 s History 
of St. George's Church, Hempstead, p. 57.] 

In 1729 Mr. Jenney reported a service every third Sunday at Oyster 
Bay with "an encouraging number of hearers." In 1761 the Rev. 
Samuel Seabury stated that the congregation at Oyster Bay continued 

C 435 H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

to be large. In 1767 the Rev. Leonard Cutting reported that his con 
gregations both at Hempstead and Oyster Bay were large. He said 
also: 

"At Oyster-bay, the church is not finished, nor are they able to do 
it. It is indeed in general well filled, as neither have the dissenters there 
(who are mostly Anabaptists and Quakers) any settled teacher. The 
members of the Church are constant, serious and devout, though not 
equal in numbers to those of other denominations. "" [Moore's History 
of St. George* s Church, Hempstead, p. 118.] 

In January, 1774, Mr. Cutting wrote to the Venerable Society. In 
the course of the letter he said : 

" As to the wild set at Oyster Bay, they must dwindle. They already 
disagree among themselves. Opposition would raise them to a char 
acter they can't attain of themselves, and as it is not worth while for any 
artful person to make himself their head and form them into a regu 
lar sect, they will, I trust, soon sink into their primitive insignificance. 
The masters of the slaves and the near inhabitants feel the principal 
inconvenience." [Moore's History of St. George'' s Church, Hempstead, 
p. 122.] 

It is supposed that the ' 'wild set ' 'was a company of ' ' New Lights, ' ' 
as those who adopted the extravagant opinions of Davenport and other 
enthusiastic and erratic followers of Wesley and Whitefield were called. 
They were under the leadership of Madame Townsend. One of their 
most important rules was the one guaranteeing absolute freedom of 
speech for every one in divine service. This often produced much noise 
and confusion. They seem to have drawn their followers chiefly from 
the Baptist Society. During the Revolution services were practically 
suspended. A battalion of Hanoverians stationed in Oyster Bay dur 
ing the winter and spring of 1782-83 treated the church building 
with great indignity, ripping off boards to build barracks and sleeping- 
quarters for themselves. The pews were used, it is understood, for fire 
wood. Other vandals followed them in the course of a few years, until 
the church became an unhappy ruin, and finally what was left was 
blown down during a high storm. The timber and foundation were 
sold at auction in 1804. In the meanwhile the people of Oyster Bay 
wished to establish an academy, and petitioned the town to grant them 
the plot on Church Hill for that purpose. The promoters of the acad 
emy enforced their petition with the following document : 

C 436 ] 



JOHN CHURCHILL RUDD 

Be it known to whom it may concern, that we whose names are here 
unto subscribed, being the lawful Heirs and Descendants of the Pro 
prietors of the Episcopal Church Situate in the Town spot of Oyster- 
Bay, do freely and voluntarily agree to put the said church in its pres 
ent Situation (with the appurtenances thereunto belonging) into the 
charge of the Trustees of the Academy building in the said Town, 
and by them kept in trust until at some future day it may be found 
necessary to apply the said Church with its appurtenances for the use 
of said Episcopal Society. 

ROBERT TOWNSEND, 

Administrator of the Estate of 
Samuel Tozunsend, dec'd. 

SAMUEL HAVILAND, 
JOHN JONES 

Oyster-Bay, 1801 DAVID JoNES. 

Services were held, however, after the Revolution, by Andrew Fowler 
as lay reader in Islip, Brookhaven, and Oyster Bay from 1786 to 1789. 
Upon his ordination as deacon and priest in June, 1789, he was rector 
for a year, and then removed to Peekskill. Philip Young, David Jones, 
and John Hewlett represented the parish from 1787 to 1791. From 
1791 to 1821 there appear to have been only occasional services until 
the Rev.Dr.Bletsoe, an English clergyman, principal of the Oyster 
Bay Academy, announced that the trustees intended to appropriate 
a part of Edmund Hall * * for the purposes of an Episcopal Church in 
which Divine Service will be performed regularly by Dr. Bletsoe." 
How long these services continued is uncertain. The academy failed 
soon after, and its principal returned to England. In 1822 Edward K. 
Fowler, a candidate for holy orders then living in the vicinity, com 
menced to hold services in the academy, and the congregations were 
usually large and often as many as the building would hold . Edward K. 
Fowler was made deacon by Bishop Hobart, September 21, 1823, 
and took charge of Oyster Bay and Huntington. In 1826 he was com 
pelled, on account of an affection of his throat, to remove to a drier cli 
mate. He built a church at Monticello, in Sullivan County, which he 
served for more than forty years. The Rev. Charles Seabury of Setau- 
ket officiated from November, 1826, to May, 1827. Occasional services 
were held until 1833, when the Rev. JosephT. Phillips, rector of Christ 

[ 437 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Church, Manhansett, took charge in connection with his other duties, 
and gave to Oyster Bay such services as were possible. In 1835 Oyster 
Bay was adopted as a missionary station and put in charge of the 
Rev. Isaac Sherwood, who had been made deacon by Bishop Benja 
min Onderdonk, August 6, 1834. In 1836 he added Cold Spring and 
Huntington to his missionary circuit. Efforts were made to form an in 
dependent parish and to build a church, but without any result until 
1844, when after considering various sites, particularly one on Cove 
Hill offered by Daniel Young, the old site was chosen, and a church was 
built of wood, thirty-six feet in width and fifty feet in length, at a cost 
of two thousand eight hundred dollars. The Rev. Edwin Harwood, 
who had been made deacon by Bishop Benjamin Onderdonk, June 30, 
1844, was placed in charge. He did good service for two years. Dr. 
Harwood was afterward rector of Trinity Church, New Haven, Con 
necticut, for nearly thirty-seven years, when he became rector emeritus 
in 1895. He died January 12, 1902, in his eightieth year. The suc 
cessors of Mr. Harwood at Oyster Bay up to 1876 were John Stearns, 
Edmund Richards, Joseph Ransom, Richard Graham Hutton, Charles 
W. Ward, and James Byron Murray. On October 1, 1876, the Rev. 
George R. Van de Water was chosen rector, and under him the parish 
grew rapidly. The unsatisfactory condition of the church building had 
long been apparent. A vigorous effort was made and subscriptions 
gathered for a new one. David J. Youngs, Edward M. Townsend, and 
William Trotter, Jr., were chosen as the building committee, and 
Potter and Robinson selected as architects. The corner-stone of the 
new church was laid by Bishop Littlejohn, May 1, 1878, and con 
secrated by the same Bishop, June 1 1 , 1879. Mr. Van de Water was 
succeeded in March, 1880, by the Rev. William Montague Greer, 
who in 1888 became a curate in St. Paul's Chapel, Trinity Church, 
New York City, of which he was the vicar in March, 1912. In 1889 
the Rev. Henry Homer Washburn became the rector. He resigned 
in 1911, after an incumbency of twenty-two years, and is now rector 
emeritus. The rector in March, 1912, was George Edwin Talman. 
The American Church Almanac for 1912 records two hundred and 
three communicants. 

East Woods, or Syosset. 

For many years this district of the town of Oyster Bay has been known 

C 438 ] 



JOHN CHURCHILL RUDD 

as Syosset. It is a post village in the northeastern section, with a popu 
lation in March, 1912, of about one hundred and fifty. 

Islip and Brookhaven (Caroline Church, Setauket). 
For notice see Volume II, page 287. 

William Terry and Family. 

The Terry family appear very early upon Long Island. William Terry 
settled at Islip as early as 1795, if not before. He died March25, 1824, 
at the age of seventy-four, and his wife died February 15, 1838, at the 
age of ninety-one. His son Samuel was well known as a captain of a 
sailing vessel on Long Island Sound, and afterward as a farmer and 
merchant at Centre Moriches. He died May 7, 1851. The representa 
tive of the family in 1891 was William Terry, a grandson of the cap 
tain and a merchant at Centre Moriches. 



C 439 



CORNWALL BAYLEY 

WILLIAM BAYLEY of Hoddeston, Herts, England, settled with 
his wife Susannah , a daughter of William Le Compte and Anne 
Besley, at Fairfield, Connecticut, previous to 1740. One of his sons 
was a resident of New Rochelle, and had several children, of whom 
Cornwall was one. Another son was Richard, who became a skilful 
and prominent physician in New York, and the first health officer of the 
port. A daughter, Elizabeth Ann, know r n as Mother Seton, established, 
in America, the first branch of the Sisters of Charity. A grandson of 
Dr. Bayley was James Roosevelt Bayley, who became Roman Catholic 
Archbishop of Baltimore, and who died in October, 1877. 



[ FROM CORNWALL BAYLEY ] 

Newark May 26^ 1805. 

REV D SIR, 

IF I am too presumptuous in taking the freedom of address 
ing you thus, you must accuse your own goodness towards 
me; since the object of this letter is to express, as far as words 
are able, how truly obliged I feel for your introduction of me 
to D r Smith & M r Kollock of Princeton. I spent some days 
there, both on my way to & return from Philadelphia & was 
most highly gratified with the laws, studies, & students of 
the College. Nothing however so truly delighted me as the 
hospitality & goodness of M r Kollock & his wife, & I do not 
know that I ever met a man whom from a short acquaintance 
I so highly esteemed. 

I returned to this place this morning, and have resolved to 
spend the summer here, in the closest attention to my Theo 
logical studies. I am tempted from your former instances of 
attention to me, to request your advice in this particular ; & to 
entreat the favor of a few lines at y r leisure, mentioning what 

440 j 



CORNWALL BAYLEY 

course you w d in general recommend, & what books appear to 
you the foundation of studies for orders in the Episcopal church. 

It may perhaps be my brothers wish on many accounts that 
I should sollicit orders from D r Moore; and at all events I 
should feel desirous of entering a regular line of application 
immediately. 

Indeed the goodness of D r Moore & his friendly civility 
towards me would make me more anxious to look up to him 
as a patron than any one I at present know. 

If in thus requesting your assistance I appear to presume 
too much upon y r politeness you will excuse it as not being a 
wilful error: & believe me, with my respectful Compl ts to 
M re Hobart, ever Rev d Sir 

Your obliged Ser vt 

C BAYLEY. 

Superscription : 

REV D - M R HOBART Greenwich S< New York 

Endorsement: 

MR CORNWALL BAYLEY 
Newark, N: J. 
May 26: 1805. 



ANNOTATIONS 

Samuel Stanhope Smith. 

For notice see Volume I, page 105, and Volume II, page 25. 

Henry Kollock. 

For notice see Volume II, page 65. 

Methetabel Campbell Kollock. 

For notice on Mrs. Kollock see Volume III, page 426. 

Benjamin Moore. 

For sketch see Volume II, page 230. 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

[ FROM JOHN CHURCHILL RUDD ] 

Huntington June i*j 1805 

DEAR SIR, 

YOURS of the 29^ May came to hand on Thursday, 
I had anticipated your opinion of my arrangements, 
but was induced to make them as I did, from your suggestion 
that it would be proper for me to visit N. Y. in 4 or 5 weeks 
from the time I left there, and from the impression that I could 
not take any other time conveniently before the latter part of 
July. You will recollect that from Oyster Bay to Satauket 
& Islip is a distance of more than 40 miles little intercourse 
is maintained between Huntington & these latter places, w! 1 
obliges me to make appointments, a length of time previous 
to my fulfilling them It was highly necessary that the people 
at Satauket should have considerable previous notice, both that 
information might be circulated & that the Ch. w h is now 
unfit for worship might befitted up a little,by cleansing & step 
ping out the birds w{! now build their nests in it I thought 
further that it would be more advisable to excite if possible 
the attention of people in one place first, than to keep mov 
ing back & forth, w^ would not only be very fatiguing but 
afford me no time for study, or cultivation of acquaintance, 
wh. I conceive highly necessary to my usefulness Under 
these impressions, I thought no time would offer for me to 
visit you more proper than the one contemplated in my last, 
I have determined however to regard your advice & shall be 
engaged here the 3 following Sundays after wl? I shall go to 
Satauket & Islip; At the former place I think I shall be in 
duced to spend a considerable time As my Friends here will 
accommodate me with Horse & Chair. I have it in contem 
plation to ride to N York in the course of the week when 

442 



JOHN CHURCHILL RUDD 

I shall avoid the pain of disappointing M rs R. which she would 
poorly bear, & have the satisfaction of a short interview with 
you after a day spent in New York I can return, & the cause 
in w h I am engaged will not suffer by so short an absence 
& the Bishop & clergy will not I trust censure me It would 
be a source of much uneasiness did I suppose that they enter 
tained an idea that I was not faithful The consolation you 
offer that I serve a kind master & if faithful shall not go unre 
warded, & that I am engaged in the best of causes, has hith 
erto enabled me, to labour with zeal &diligence The people 
here have at length taken some steps to accommodate me 
with Board &c. more convenient than heretofore I should 
have written to the Bishop, had he not the Day I left Town 
observed, that it would be immaterial whether I wrote to 
him or yourself, & by writing to you several purposes were 
answered w 1 } would not be in writing to him 

Yi: obliged Friend & Serv'. 

J. C. RUDD 

Superscription: 

REV. J. H. HOBART: No 46 Greenwich St New York 



ANNOTATIONS 

Christ Church, Oyster Bay. 
For notice see page 434. 

Is lip and Brookhaven ( Caroline Church, Setauket ). 
For notice see Volume II, page 287. 

St. John's Church, Hunting ton. 
For notice see page 427. 



443 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 
[ FROM DANIEL NASH ] 

Otsegojune 3, 1805 
REV? AND DEAR SlR, 

1AM from home and have to make use of such materials 
as come to hand, consequently you will receive but a short 
Letter proportioned to my Paper. I have this Day been to visit 
the unhappy Wretch of an Arnold whom you may remem 
ber was published in the Papers for having whipped a Child to 
Death the last Winter this is the second time of visiting him 
when I first saw him I could never have formed an idea 
of the misery of the damned to have excelled the horror and 
distress he endured poor unhappy Mortal ! altho' deserving 
severe punishment yet I pitty him from my Soul This Day 
he appeared more composed yet under deep conviction of 
Sin feeling as he says to be the most worthless Wretch that 
exists on the Morrow I suppose his trial will come on but 
my feelings will not permit me to be present The Bishop in 
formed me by Letter that a Donation was made me by the 
Society in New York and that you, as I supposed, the Secre 
tary had written to me on the Subject but no Letter has 
arrived indeed I have stood in much need have had to bor 
row and feel uncertain when I shall hear from you By the 
bearer you can send the Money or whatever else you please of 
Books &c. he is a ML Coleman who was brought up in my 
Neighbourhood and in the Church an honest Man This 
Day I received a line from the Rev 4 ? M r . Judd of Utica who 
gives information that Bishop Moore is expected within a few 
Weeks consequently shall not write to him by him I shall 
give you a particular account of my labours I have enough 
to do the Church extends blessed be God. Your Books are 
much admired I have many things I wish to communicate 

[ 444 



DANIEL NASH 

but have not time Write and let me know every thing 
that is pleasing about the Church. I have disagreeables enough 
without having any addition. With esteem I am your obliged 

friend DANIEL NASH. 

Superscription: 

THE REV"? JOHN H. HOBART, New York 
Ml Coleman 



ANNOTATIONS 

Stephen Arnold. 

The following account, taken from the "Baltimore Evening Post" 
for April 4, 1805, appeared originally in the "Tree of Liberty" for 
March 8, 1805, published at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: "Stephen 
Arnold of the town of Burlington in the state of New York, who in 
a most wanton and cruel manner, whipped a girl of 6 years of age 
seven times in the space of an hour and a half, because she did not 
pronounce gig as he required, and which caused death, was appre 
hended at this place on Monday evening last, by Mr. Thomas Co- 
hoon, who heard of him at Oswego upon the Susquehanna and fol 
lowed him 320 miles. His apprehension was attended with singular 
circumstances. On Sunday he arrived ; he was unsuccessful in three 
or four applications he made for a passage down the river ; he contin 
ued in the vicinity upon Grant's Hill, a considerable part of the day, 
and was frequently upon the point of committing the dreadful act of 
self-murder, but was happily deterred by a directing Providence. Mon 
day night he called at Mr. Henderson's tavern for something to eat, 
but said he had no money. In a short time Mr. Cohoon came in and 
was informed that a countryman of his was in the room, to whom he 
addressed himself, and discovered that he answered to the descrip 
tion of Arnold. 

After requiring the other company to leave the room he read the ad 
vertisement, while reading he discovered the other drawing something 
from his pocket, upon which he raised his eyes and said, You are the 
Man. The hand dropped. It was a pistol which was cocked twice and 
only prevented from doing execution by Mr. Cohoon 's firmness. They 
took him to a Magistrate, but on the way he drew a pistol and fired, 

445 H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

a different direction was given to it, by his arm being seized by a by 
stander the flash of the pan singed his temple ; and the ball flew by 
the ear of Mr. Cohoon. It however, did no injury. The pistol, a num 
ber of balls, a rope, and some money were found upon him. He called 
himself Smith and would give no satisfaction that night. The next 
day he made a full confession and appears to be fully sensible of the 
enormity of his crime, deplores the violence of his passions which have 
sunk him from a respectable standing in Society to the lowest degra 
dation." 

Mr. Coleman. 

A careful search of the publications relating to Otsego County and 
its neighbourhood fails to reveal anything regarding Mr. Coleman. 

Jonathan Judd. 

For sketch see Volume III, page 30. 

Benjamin Moore. 

For sketch see Volume II, page 230. 



[ FROM DANIEL NASH ] 

Richfield June 10. 1805. 

REV? & DEAR SIR, 

IT is only a few Days since I wrote you a short line by 
Mr Coleman, since which time I have received a piece of 
intelligence which altho' not entirely disagreeable, yet causes 
some uneasy sensations, not disagreeable because I wish to 
have the Church in the Country remembered, yet not alto 
gether pleasing because the Church under my care has been 
so greatly negle6led by the Corporation of Trinity. You 
undoubtedly know what I have now reference to the Dona 
tion made to Utica. Most sincerely did I wish the Church to be 
supported in a Place like that, I do think it of importance, but 

C 446 ]] 



DANIEL NASH 

when encouragement has been held out to my People in the 
Letters which have been transmitted to me, when they, to 
gether with myself, have struggled with almost every thing 
discouraging, when, be assured, I could not tarry here with 
out the kind assistance of the Society in New York, to be 
passed over and so liberal assistance afforded in other Places, 
what must I think? I will not think neither will I give 
way to desponding feelings. I will only seek for assistance 
from that benevolent Master who has promised to prote6l his 
Church and will undoubtedly dispose of all things for the best. 
I will indulge no murmuring feelings for I am delt with better 
than I deserve. I have friends, and I trust that I can persuade 
them that if I am neglected, by the neglect shown to them, 
that it does not arise from any disregard to me, but because 
Utica is a Place of importance. I have a task before me. Ex 
cusing me for venting the unhappy feelings which unavoidably 
arise within my breast. I have a family and no connections to 
leave them with, should God in his Providence call me from 
this World this certainly causes me to wish my Societies to 
be placed in so respectable a situation that I could receive my 
Salary with some degree of punctuality. 

The Bearer of this, Esq 1 : Spalding, a Congregationalist, is a 
respectable Gentleman by whom you may communicate what 
ever will be consoling to my feelings by Letter, but I pray one 
thing, that never any flattering encouragement may ever be 
held out to the Church I shall be silent on the Subject with 
my People, and shall only tell them to make use of the means 
put within our power. I thank you for all your goodness to 
me, receive the effusions of a grateful heart, my health is but 
indifferent, I must hasten home to my family. Wishing you 
every happiness I am as usual your obliged friend 

DANIEL NASH 

C 447 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

Your Books are highly esteemed by the pious People of the 
Church, I once more thank you for sending the Companion 
and the one on the Festivals and Fasts. 

Superscription : 

THE REV? JOHN H. HOBART New York. 
Esq r . Spalding. 

ANNOTATIONS 

Trinity Church, Utica. 

For notice see Volume II, page 484. 

Squire Spalding. 

Nothing can be ascertained respecting this gentleman. 

Hobart's Companion for the Altar. 
For notice see Volume III, page 460. 

Nelson's Festivals and Fasts. 
For notice see Volume III, page 339. 



C 448 



SETH HART 
[ FROM SETH HART ] 

Hempstead I4'. h June 1805. 

DEAR SIR, 

A you advised to my having an afternoon service at Hem ps^ 1 
on those days when I officiate at N. H. in the morning 
& as I know that your quondam parishioners in this part of 
the Parish will be glad to hear you preach, as well as to have 
opportunity of seeing you I shall appoint service here on 
the twenty third ins? to begin at 3 o'cfc P.M. This will give you 
time to return from N. H. and dine at my house Perhaps 
I shall continue the practice afterwards myself during the long 
days of summer & first fall months 

Yours with affectionate esteem 

SETH HART 
RzvM.H. HOBART 

Superscription: 

REV? J. H. HOBART New York 



C 449 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

[ FROM JOHN CHURCHILL RUDD ] 

Hempstead 17 th June 1805. 

MY DEAR SIR, 

PREVIOUS to my setting out for Satauket, w! 1 will be on 
Friday next, I could wish for your advice what arange- 
ments would be proper to be made for performing divine ser 
vice in this quarter after I shall have visited Jersey w 1 ? I can do 
the 3 r ^ Sunday in July should you think it proper I think it 
would be, very advisable not to leave the Ch? eastward des 
titute now they just begin to manifest a desire, & a determina 
tion to restore themselves to a respectable standing. I have no 
doubt but by some ministerial aid there will be at least two 
tolerable congregations very easily collected a number of 
circumstances unite to render the present a very favourable 
opportunity. The people at Huntington are very solicitous for 
me to give some encouragement that if a living should be of 
fered, I would remain with them. You know Sir, I would not 
wish to commit myself, & yet I find a difficulty to give proper 
answers to all their interrogations. I should be very sorry, 
( having just aroused some of the people to feel the importance 
of exerting themselves) to leave them to fall again into that 
wretched state from w!? by the blessing of God I hope they are 
rising ; yet I would not by any means wish to loose sight of 
the place in Jersey With suitable deference to the opinions of 
the Bishop & Clergy, I should think that something should be 
done to continue, at least occasional service in the places where 
I am confident the Ch may be reestablished. Notwithstand 
ing my present employment is so very unfavourable to my 
improvement I should be willing to spend as much time on 
the Island as should be thought proper, provided it was not 
altogether an injustice to myself From what I have said you 

[ 450 H 



JOHN CHURCHILL RUDD 

may be able to form some conclusion what measures I ought 
to pursue. Will it be best to make any appointments, further 
than, that when I am in New York I will write to some of the 
congregations informing them when they may expe6l ser 
vice again? or Had I better after calculating on spending 
one, two or three Sundays in, & about New York make some 
positive engagements to return ? You will confer an additional 
favour on me, by writing by the return of the mail to Hunt- 
ington where I shall be tomorrow & shall wait for an answer 
to this till Friday A.M. The weather is excessively warm, & 
my time almost wholly engaged, I find myself in good Health 
& the prospect of rendering essential service to mankind ani 
mates me. M? R is in good health & with me wishes to pre 
sent respects to M 1 :? H & Family, 

YL obliged Friend 

J. C. RUDD 

Superscription : 

REV. JOHN H. HOBART No 46 Greenwich Street, New York 
Hempstead | 
June 1 8V 1 J 



ANNOTATIONS 

Is lip and Brookhaven ( Caroline Church, Setauket ). 
For notice see Volume II, page 287. 

St. John's Church, Hunting ton. 
For notice see page 427. 

Phebe Eliza Rudd. 

John Churchill Rudd married January 22, 1803, Phebe Eliza, daugh 
ter of Edward and Ann Bennett of Shrewsbury, Monmouth County, 
New Jersey. They had no children. Mrs. Rudd was alive in 1858, so 
Sprague states in his "Annals." 

[ 451 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

[ FROM JAMES KEMP ] 

REV? & DEAR SIR 

DAY after day, & week after week had I been reproach 
ing myself for not writing, even if it had been only to 
tell you & M? Hobart how highly I estimated your friendly 
attention to me in New York; but numerous engagements, 
feeble health & not very good spirits had produced an unac 
countable degree of languor. Your kind letter however of the 
24. Ult. gave me new life. The sentiments that you entertain 
towards me, I so highly appreciate, that they prove a cordial 
to my heart, and I assure you that those incidents in the one 
pilgrimage here, that brought us together and so cemented 
our hearts, will ever be remembered by me with the most 
heart-felt delight. My poor soul greatly needs the consolation 
& support of friendship, and particularly to bear it up under 
troubles & difficulties in promoting our Redeemer's Kingdom. 

I rejoice exceedingly to hear that you have it even in con 
templation to pay me a visit. I will relinquish all business to 
devote some time to you & to shew you this part of the world. 
And from your company & your observations on the State 
of the Church I anticipate much satisfaction & profit. 

I had just gone to the Convention before your letter arrived. 
We had a very agreeable and unanimous Con: only that our 
friend Dashiell, who, it appears, cannot breath but in a dis 
turbed Atmosphere, raised a considerable bustle. In his Paro 
chial return, he gave a history of the building of his Church & 
formation of his Congregation. In this he inveighed with great 
bitterness against a supposed opposition from the Minister & 
Vestry of S^ Paul's, and concluded with a most fulsome Pany- 
gyric of himself. The Con. greatly resented his Attack upon 

C 452 ]] 



JAMES KEMP 

his Brethren. At first, he was stubborn & put them at defiance, 
but when he found them very resolute, he then calmed away 
and begged leave to withdraw his return. This was not granted 
but a resolution respecting it was entered on our journal in 
much milder terms than he deserved. 

M r . Armstrong, whom you recollect to have seen at Tren 
ton, was charged with non-conformity, but inasmuch as he 
promised to be more regular in future, he was softly dealt 
by. We made some alterations in our former Canons, but 
none very material. 

I thank you for the journal of your Con : I am much pleased 
with it, and particularly your New Canon. It is a most desir 
able improvement, but it would not be easy to bring it into 
full use here. 

The Presbyterian Clergyman, to whom I alluded in the Con 
at N. York is now a Deacon, settled in a Parish much re 
spected very zealous & promises to be a very excellent 
Minister. The Presto felt extremely sore at his leaving them. 
Upon the whole, I think our Church rather looks up. Our young 
men have become regular & strong churchmen, and the hor 
rid and alarming Fanaticism that prevails among the Metho 
dists, has induced many to join themselves more firmly to 
the Church. 

I purpose to send for the Life of President Johnson in a few 
days. I want very much to possess the Scholar Armed, but 
it is not to be had in Baltimore. I have also been obliged to 
apply to Hill to send for more of your Weeks Preparation. I 
wish you could make Swords send a copy of Scholar Armed 
to Hill's for me & I will pay Hill for it. I must close this hasty 
letter as I have an immediate opportunity to send it to the Of 
fice. I will write you more fully next. Your's must be long and 
contain much. Tell your excellent Wife, that I highly respe6t 

[ 453 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

her & the little family & wish them much happiness. Your af 
fectionate 

Brother JA S . KEMP 

Cambridge June 18, 1805 

P.S. Remember me to all our Brethren. J K 

Superscription: 

THE REV? JN? HENRY HOBART, New York. 



ANNOTATIONS 

George Dashiell. 

For notice see Volume III, page 467. 

John Armstrong. 

John Armstrong was born in England. He became a Methodist 
preacher, emigrated to America, and conformed to the Church. He was 
made deacon by Dr. White, Bishop of Pennsylvania, November 14, 
1802, and in 1804 he was elected rector of St. Paul's Church, Kent 
County, Maryland. In 1806 he was appointed rector of St.Thomas's 
Church, Baltimore County. In 1810 he removed to Pennsylvania to 
take charge of St. John's Church, York. In 1818 he returned to Mary 
land to become rector of St. Peter's Church, Montgomery, and Zion 
Church, Frederick. 

In 1819 he removed to Wheeling, Virginia. A year previous the 
Rev. Dr. Doddridge had found a few families who had formerly 
been connected with the Church. Wheeling was also visited by Bishop 
Chase in 1819. A parish was organized on May 11, 1819, and Rev. 
John Armstrong chosen rector. On May 9, 1821, the corner-stone of 
St. Matthew's Church was laid with Masonic ceremonies, with a ser 
mon by Mr. Armstrong and an oration by the Rev. Dr. Doddridge. 
Mr. Armstrong died in 1826. His successor, the Rev. John Thomas 
Wheat, says of him : 

"Nine years ago that most laborious and successful clergyman, the 
late Rev. John Armstrong came to this place. Full of the spirit of his 
office he immediately set about the collecting of a congregation that 

[ 454 ] 



JAMES KEMP 

should worship God agreeably to the forms of our Church. There was 
scarcely anything to encourage the making of an effort or to sustain 
it when begun. Such a zeal as his, needed no other excitement than 
the fact that there were in the town some families, who not belonging 
to any other Church, might by judicious attention be induced to join 
ours. 

"During six years he persevered with varying success amidst the 
greatest discouragements, such as are known only to a zealous mis 
sionary occupying a new station remote from the great body of the 
Church, and peculiar local hindrances which would have disheartened 
and turned back a less holy and devoted servant of God. The work of 
the Lord prospered in his hands. Assisted by a few pious and other 
generous individuals, he succeeded in procuring the erection of a hand 
some and commodious Church, and in establishing a Parish, embrac 
ing within its limits about forty families, among the most respectable 
and intelligent in the place. At the time of his much lamented death, 
there were about 30 communicants, and a large and flourishing Sab 
bath School was accomplishing much good. 

"But the praise of our late Rector is in other Churches besides this. 
By judiciously and industriously economizing his time and labor, he 
collected large congregations in several other neighboring places, and 
built and repaired three other churches in this state and Ohio. This 
scarcely less than Apostolic missionary success, is an exemplification 
of what a holy zeal, united with a general disinterestedness and good 
practical sense, may accomplish when animated by the high consid 
erations to which 'the called of God' only are accessible." \Peterkin > & 
History of the Diocese of West Virginia, p. 62.] 

Amendment of Maryland diocesan Canons , 1805. 
The Convention of the Diocese of Maryland met in Christ Church, 
Easton, from Wednesday, June 5, to Saturday, June 8, 1805. On the 
first day of the session a committee on the state of the Church was ap 
pointed, consisting of the Rev. Dr. Bend, the Rev. Dr. Kemp, the Rev. 
Mr. Ball, Mr. Robertson, Mr. Chamberlain, and Mr. Nicols. There- 
port of the committee was made on the third day, and it recommended 
the repeal of the second part of the 19th Canon, the expunging of the 
first word of the 20th Canon, and the repeal of the 22d and 23d Canons. 
A substitute for Canon 22 was recommended. It concerned repulsion 

455 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

the Holy Communion. A substitute for the 25th, formerly 27th, Canon 
was adopted. The canon was "Of the Trial of Clergyman, not regu 
larly admitted and settled. ' ' The Table of Prohibited Degrees was also 
presented from a committee on English canon law, accompanied by a 
resolution for its presentation to the General Convention, with a request 
for its adoption.lt also considered the change of the second article of 
the constitution concerning the membership of the Convention, and 
also an amendment of the 24th Canon, providing that the Bishop may 
ask vestries to inquire into the truth of reports made to him relating 
to offences committed by the incumbents of their parishes. 

James Laird. 

James Laird is undoubtedly the Presbyterian clergyman alluded to 
by Dr. Kemp. He was a native of Pennsylvania. He became a Pres 
byterian minister, and filled several important charges. For some 
years he was principal of Washington Academy, Somerset, Mary 
land. He conformed to the Church in 1804, and was made deacon 
by Bishop Claggett, December 17, 1804. He was put in charge of 
Somerset Parish, Somerset County, Maryland, and on his ordination 
to the priesthood he was elected rector. In 1815 he became rector of 
Great Choptauk Parish, Dorchester, Maryland. He died in 1816. 

Chandler's Life of Samuel Johnson. 
For notice see Volume I, page xii. 

Mr. Hill. 

Beyond the evident fact that Mr. Hill was a publisher in Baltimore, no 
particulars concerning him are ascertainable. 

New Week's Preparation. 

For notice see Volume III, page 191. 

Thomas and James Swords. 

For sketch of this firm see page 330. 

The Scholar Armed. 

A volume of essays, including Lord Bacon's "Confession of Faith," 
Charles Leslie's "Short and Easy Method with Deists," William 

C 456 ] 



JAMES KEMP 

Jones of Nayland on the "Church and the Trinity," and "Posthu 
mous Papers of Bishop Home and Other Tracts in Defense of the 
Faith," was published under the editorship of William Jones of Nay- 
land in 1793. Several editions appeared in England up to 1812, be 
sides the American reprint referred to by Mr. Kemp. '* The Scholar 
Armed" was at that time considered indispensable to the library of 
every thoughtful Churchman. 



C 457 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

[ FROM SAMUEL OGDEN ] 

New Ark June 25'. h 1805. 

MY DEAR SIR, 

IT is not easy for me, to tell you, how much Pleasure your 
kind Letter afforded the different Members of our Church. 
We shall have a Carriage in waiting for you at Eliz^ Town 
at the Time you appointed on Sunday next. 
Accept of our warmest Wishes, and believe me, with great 

Regard, 

Your Obed^ Serv'. 

SAM L OGDEN. 
REV D J.H. HOBART. 

Superscription : 

THE REV? JOHN H. HOBART. New York. 



C 458 



CORNWALL BAYLEY 

[ FROM CORNWALL BAYLEY ] 

REV? SIR 

HEARING that we are to have the pleasure of attending 
you in our church on Sunday next, I take the freedom 
of requesting you will honor me with your company to dinner 
on that day. I lodge with Co 1 & M rs Hedden (on the bridge) 
who both desire to join in my request, and I should esteem it 
a particular obligation on my part. We dine early on Sunday 
and trust our hours will accomodate you on that score. May 
I entreat a line in answer, & also to know whether you preach 
in the morning or ev? 

Believe me with my best respecls to 

M rs Hobart, Your obliged & Faithful 

S 
CORNWALL BAYLEY. 

Newark. 26^ June 1 805. 

A bed is at your service if you can occupy it on Sat? or Sunday 
here, & will encrease the obligation. 

Superscription: 

THE REV D J. H. HOBART, Greenwich Street, New York 



ANNOTATION 

David Hedden, or Simon Hedden. 

The Hedden family occupied a prominent position in Newark. Colonel 
Joseph Hedden was a Revolutionary officer, and gave eight sons to the 
service of his country. His son, Judge Joseph Hedden, was one of the 
most prominent patriots in the town, and held various public offices. In 
an attack on Newark by the British, January 25, 1780, when the acad 
emy was burned, he was taken from his home, confined in the Sugar 

C 459 H 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

House prison in New York, and died September 27, 1780. The allu 
sion in the letter is to either David or Simon ; both were Revolutionary 
officers and bore the tide of colonel. 



C 460 




DAVID BUTLER 

[ FROM DAVID BUTLER ] 

Troy June 27 th 1805 

DEAR SIR, 

M R WARREN, a very amiable young gentleman, seems 
to discover a disposition to be the carrier of a letter 
to some clergyman in N York, I suppose for the purpose of 
gratifying the laudable ambition of making some agreeable 
communications respecting the church in this place. Knowing 
that such inteligence will not be unwelcome to you I am very 
ready to gratify him. I wish you to dire6t him where he may 
get a suitable Bible, & Prayer Book for our church ; & if the 
continuation of Daubeney's Guide is to be had, I wish likewise 
for that. 

It was but day before yesterday that I met with the first & 
last number in the Centinel of Albany, attacking the episco 
pacy of the church ; in the last of which I found a direct ap 
plication to you. The intermediate numbers I have not seen, 
nor have I seen brother Beasley to make any inquiry from 
whence this has originated, or with what ability it is likely to 
be conducted. I suspe6l however that the author is possessed 
of better talents than temper; & it is peculiarly unfortunate 
for him, with such a temper, that he has an extreme bad cause 
to manage. I discovered that his aim was to give a blow at 
the bp. over your shoulder, & I have so much confidence in 
the bishop's skill in skreening himself from such a stroke that 
I believe the poor man's fist will suffer the greatest injury. 
His abusive language, with prudent management on our part, 
will do us more good than his arguments can do us hurt. The 
latter it will be easy to refute, but it will be difficult to make 
that refutation generally understood, while his abuse cannot 
be mistaken ; & patience & forbearance on our part will be 

[ 46, ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

equally clear. In short, I should suppose from the two num 
bers I have seen, that providence has permitted the church 
to be attacked in a manner more favourable to her inter 
est, & the cause of truth, than her state of peace & security 
has been. If you should undertake to reply, I pray God to 
preserve your understanding from error & your heart from 
wickedness. Believe me with great esteem your affectionate 
friend & brother 

DAVID BUTLER 

Superscription: 

REV? M? HOBART New York 
By M r . Warren 



ANNOTATIONS 

Eliakim Warren. 

In 1798 Eliakim Warren removed with his family from Norwalk, 
Connecticut, to Troy in New York. With his sons, Esaias, Nathan, 
and Stephen, he conducted a prosperous business under the name 
of E. Warren and Company. From the very first he took an active 
interest in the affairs of the Church, and it is recorded that when St. 
Paul's Church was first organized, with three communicants, he and 
his wife were two of the three. At the first election for wardens, held 
January 16, 1804, Eliakim Warren was one of the wardens chosen. 

Charles Daubeny. 

Charles, a son of George Daubeny, a rich Bristol merchant, was born 
August, 1745. He attended school at Philip's Norton, then proceeded 
to Winchester College, where he won an exhibition at New College, 
Oxford, of which he became a fellow. He went abroad in 1770, and the 
following year he visited St. Petersburg, where he studied Greek Ca 
tholicism, and was introduced at court through his friend, the Princess 
Dashkow. Upon his return in 1772 he studied theology for a year, and 
was made deacon in 1773 by Dr. Lowth, Bishop of Oxford. He was 
ordained priest in the same year by Dr. Terrick, Bishop of London. 
In 1776 he was presented with the college living of North Bradley, 

C 462 ] 



DAVID BUTLER 

Wilts. Soon after this he married Miss Barnston. The church and vicar 
age were in a state of great dilapidation, and were restored at his own 
expense. He revived an interest in the worship of the church by intro 
ducing week day and Sunday evening services, and also established 
a Sunday School. In 1784 he was a prebend of Salisbury Cathedral. 
From 1788 to 1790, owing to impaired health, he travelled abroad. He 
spent the winter of 1790-91 at Bath, where he became greatly inter 
ested in the lack of church accommodation for those unable to pay pew 
rents. Through his exertions a subscription was started, and Christ 
Church, Walcot, was opened. It was the first free church in England, 
and he preached the sermon on the opening day. In 1804 he was made 
Archdeacon of Salisbury, and in 1808 he built and endowed an alms- 
house for four poor inhabitants of North Bradley, and also erected a 
school at his expense. His charge of 1812, advocating the support of 
the Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge rather than that 
of the British and Foreign Bible Society, aroused an extended contro 
versy. In 1816 he was afflicted with paralysis. During his later years 
he interested himself in providing a church at Road, a destitute part 
of his parish. It was completed in 1824, when he preached the sermon. 
He gave ,4000 toward its endowment. He delivered his last charge 
July 3, 1827, and died a week later. 

His principal works are : 1 1 Lectures on the Church Catechism, "1788; 
4 'A Guide to the Church, ' ' of which the first volume appeared in 1 795 
and the second in 1799; the "Fall of Papal Rome," 1798; "Discourses 
on the Connexion between the Old and New Testaments," 1799; 
"VindiciiEcclesiseAnglicanae," 1803; "Unitarian Mode of explain 
ing the Scriptures," 1815; the "Doctrine of Regeneration," 1816; 
"On Schism," 1819 ; and the "Protestant Companion," 1824. 

Albany Centinel Controversy. 
For notice see page 479. 

Frederic Be as ley. 

For sketch see Volume III, page 325. 



463 



HORACE BINNEY 

HORACE, a son of Dr. Barnabas and Mary ( Woodrow) Binney, 
was born in Philadelphia, January 4, 1780. His preparation 
for college was at the Friends' Almshouse School and the grammar 
school of the University of Pennsylvania. He graduated from Harvard 
College in 1797, at the head of his class. His first desire was to be 
a physician like his father, but he finally determined upon the profes 
sion of law, and became a student in the office of Jared Ingersoll of 
Philadelphia. He was admitted to the bar of the court of common 
pleas March 31, 1800, and in 1802 to that of the supreme court of 
Pennsylvania. In 1806 he was a member of the state legislature. 

Although frequently solicited, he declined further political honours. 
He prepared a condensation of the decisions of the supreme court of 
Pennsylvania from 1799 to 1814, which occupied all his leisure time 
from 1807 to 1817. 

In 1808 he became a director of the first United States Bank, and dur 
ing its existence was its counsel and trustee, and argued on its behalf 
the first case in the United States Supreme Court. He was offered a 
seat on the bench of the supreme court of the state, and also an asso 
ciate justiceship of the Supreme Court of the United States, when he 
was less than fifty years old, but declined the positions, preferring to 
continue in active practice. When President Jackson removed the 
United States deposits from the United States Bank in 1832, he and 
his numerous friends were so indignant that he consented to accept 
a nomination for Congress. He was elected, and during his term he 
vigorously opposed the administration. 

In 1844 he represented the city of Philadelphia in support of the 
will of Stephen Girard, whose fortune was left in trust to the city to 
found a college for orphan boys. His opponent before the Supreme 
Court of the United States was Daniel Webster. It will be remembered 
that by the terms of the will instruction in Christianity was excluded 
from the course, and ministers of religion were debarred from any par 
ticipation in the government of the college, and even from the college 
precincts. Mr. Webster's eloquent plea for the Christian religion, the 
only ground on which the validity of the will was contested, was one 
of his very greatest speeches. He was met by Mr. Binney with an array 
of authorities, showing the law concerning charitable bequests and its 

[ 464 3 



HORACE BINNEY 

application to Mr. Girard's will, and won his case, the will being 
sustained. 

This was Mr. Binney's last appearance in court. In 1850 he retired 
from active practice, and devoted his time to study and to writing for 
current periodicals. During the Civil War he upheld, with his pen, 
the acts of President Lincoln, even including the suspension of the act 
of habeas corpus. Horace Binney was a strong and consistent Church 
man, and was a leader in both the Diocesan and General Conventions. 
He died in Philadelphia, August 12, 1875, in his ninety-sixth year. 
Among his published works are "Eulogium upon the Hon. William 
Tilghman, late Chief Justice of Pennsylvania," 1827 ; " Eulogy on the 
Life and Character of John Marshall," 1835 ; "Inquiry into the For 
mation of Washington's Farewell Address," 1859 ; " The Privilege of 
the Writ of Habeas Corpus under the Constitution," 1863-65. 



[ FROM HORACE BINNEY ] 

M R BINNEY having but two hours to pass in New York, 
has it not in his power to receive from M r Hobart the 
Stiptic which he believes it is the design of M r Wallace's letter 
to solicit. He would have had the pleasure of waiting upon 
M r Hobart if circumstances had allowed him; but as they do 
not he takes the liberty of enclosing M r W's letter, and of 
suggesting to M r Hobart, that if a private conveyance could be 
soon found for the Medecine,it would answer a valuable pur- 
posetoaperson at this time wanting its assistance in Burlington 

New York 28' h June. 
9 O'clock 

Superscription: 

REV D ]. H. HOBART, New York. 

Endorsement: 

Mr. Binney's note. N. Y. June 28: 1805. 

C 465 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

ANNOTATION 

Joshua Maddox Wallace, or John Bradford Wallace. 

The reference is either to Joshua Maddox Wallace, a notice of whom 

will be found in Volume I, page 31 ; or 

John Bradford Wallace, a notice of whom will be found in Volume I, 
page 233. 



[ 466 



5 SAMUEL OGDEN 

[ FROM SAMUEL OGDEN ] 

Newark July 5'. h 1805. 

MY DEAR SIR 

I RECEIVED a line from Mr Croes, last Evening informing 
me that D r . Beach was at Brunswick , intending to Preach 
there, on Sunday next; Doctor Whitehead having engaged 
to preach for Him, on that Day in New York: and that He 
M' Croes would preach for us in our Church, (on that Day; ) 
Now as you will have an opportunity of seeing "D* Whitehead, 
can you not fix with Him, the Idea of His officiating with us 
the Sunday after next? as to which pray favor me with a line; 
and believe me yours most 

affectionately 

SAMV OGDEN. 
THE REV? M? HOBART. 

Superscription : 
THE REV? JOHN H. HOBART New York. 



ANNOTATIONS 

John Croes. 

See sketch which precedes his letter of June 13, 1808. 

Abraham Beach. 

See sketch which precedes his letter of May 16, 1827. 

James Whitehead. 

James Whitehead was a native of Virginia. He was made deacon by 
Bishop White on June 17, 1787, and spent the years of his ministry 
principally in Virginia. In 1806 he became associate rector of St. Paul's 
Church, Baltimore, and died in 1808. 

C 467 3 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

[FROM SETH HART] 

Hempstead I I th July 1805. 

DEAR SIR, 

I RELATED to you, if I recollect right, some abusive con 
duct & conversation of M* Israel Eldert towards me some 
time ago. Yesterday he gave me equal abuse with as little 
cause as before. And as I have seen & known many instances 
& proofs of his malice & wickedness of heart and conversation 
towards others of his Christian brethren, I feel myself under 
a necessity of excluding him from all communion & fellow 
ship with me & my Church, at least for the present. Enclosed 
is a letter to the Bishop on the subject, & as you know some 
thing of the man, I wish you to carry it to Dotf Moore & 
assist him if necessary in advising me how to proceed. If the 
Bp 1 ? be in town I would wish for an answer on Saturday, or 
otherwise by tuesday's stage. 

Your friend & B' 

SETH HART 
REV" J. H. HOBART 

Superscription : 

REV? JOHN H. HOBART, N? 46 Greenwich S l . New York. 



ANNOTATIONS 

Israel Eldert. 

The Eldert family were early settlers on Long Island. There were 
many of the name in Hempstead and Jamaica. Samuel Eldert, Luke 
Eldert, and others were members of Grace Church, Jamaica, and St. 
George's Church, Hempstead. 

Benjamin Moore. 
For sketch see Volume II, page 230. 

C 468 3 



WILLIAM PRYCE 

[ FROM WILLIAM PRYCE ] 

Wilmington July I2 1 J! 1805 

REV & D R SIR, 

IT is perhaps six weeks since I put on Board a Vessel at the 
place, (said to be bound for New York,) i Copy the life 
of CHRIST &c, together with a number of proposals for pub 
lishing the works of Bp Wilson, but have not been able to hear 
of their arrival, you will therefore oblige me on the rec* of 
this to inform me whether they have been del d . 

I am concerned in circulating books and should be glad 
to have several published in your place. Your Nelson on the 
Feasts & Fasts, the Catechism recommended by your Con 
vention, Daubeney's Guide &c, and should prefer getting 
them in exchange for such as I have printed ; but if they can 
not be had in exchange I will thank you to inform me on what 
terms they can be procured. 

I trouble you on this occasion, with more confidence, as I 
know you to be favorable, to the circulation of useful and 
Religious publications. 

I know you will be desirous to hear from the State of my 
Church, on which subject I wish I could say more, Our 
Church is pretty well filled, and generally attention is paid by 
the people, but there is too much reason to fear that my La 
bors remain unblessed to many of my constant hearers: but 
I have yet cause of Joy in believing that some precious Souls 
have profited thereby do let me hear from your Church, 
I hope the tidings will be Joyful. 

My truest respect to M rs Hobart; and believe me to be as 
ever your Sincere Friend & Brother in Jesus Christ 

WILLIAM PRYCE 

C 46 9 I] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

N.B. we have not rec d the Journals of the Gen 1 . Conv: please 
let me know the cause. W. P. 



ANNOTATIONS 

Life of Christ , published in 1805. 

The Life of our Lord to which Mr. Pryce refers was probably the one 

compiled by John Fleetwood, which was very popular at that period. 

Thomas Wilson. 

Thomas Wilson was born at Burton, Cheshire, England, Septem 
ber 20, 1663. He studied at Trinity College, Dublin, and was curate 
of Newchurch Kenyon from 1686 to 1692, when he was appointed 
chaplain to the Earl of Derby, through whose influence he was created 
Bishop of Sodor and Man in November, 1697. He was bishop for fifty- 
eight years, and died March 7, 1755. He wrote many treatises of 
value. His "Principles and Duties of Christianity " was published in 
1707, and as the first book was printed in Manx, it is commonly called 
the Manx Catechism. His "Essay towards an Instruction for the In 
dians," written for use in Oglethorpe's plantation scheme in Georgia, 
was published in 1740. His fame, however, rests on his devotional 
works, his ' * Short and Plain Instructions for the Better Understand 
ing of the Lord's Supper," which came out in 1736 ; "Sacra Privata, 
Private Meditations, Devotions and Prayers," which appeared in 
1800, after his death; "Parochialia, or Instructions for the Clergy," 
published in 1788 ; and "Maxims of Piety and Christianity," issued 
in 1789. He also instituted a Manx translation of the Bible, which 
was completed between the years 1772 and 1775. 

Nelson's Festivals and Fasts. 
For notice see Volume III, page 339. 

Bishop Innes's Catechism. 

For notice see Volume III, page 195. 

Charles Daubeny. 

For notice see page 462. 

C 470 



PHILANDER CHASE 

[ FROM PHILANDER CHASE ] 

MY DEAR BROTHER 

I AM sincerely concerned about the health of our good 
Bishop. I wrote to him, some time since, about some mat 
ters of consequence to the Nine-Partner-Church, but have 
re*? no reply. I strongly suspect it is owing to his ill health. 
Pray, dear Sir, inform me all about it; for the suspense I am 
in is unpleasant. Our disappointment in not seing him among 
us, hearing his good advice and receiving from him the admin 
istration of y e apostolic rite of Confirmation, was very great. 
" But God's will be done"! as he himself expressed it, in his 
letter, dated at Philips Burgh to me. 

I suppose you are acquainted with the attack, lately made 
upon y e Church, in the Albany Centinel, and the very hand 
some Christian-like defence in the same paper. Whoever the 
author of the defence may be, he is certainly a good and able 
writer, I love him from the bottom of my heart. Can't you in 
form me who the persons are? It would give me much satis 
faction to know something of them. I would write to Brother 
Beasley, but suspecting he may be the Defendent, I thought 
it might be indelicacy should he wish to conceal his name. 

Pray write to me & tell me how you all are and what you 
are doing. I am alone & have little to tell that would entertain 
you except that the School is increasing and the Church more 
and more attended. 

As it is possible it may have some serious consequences I 
think I may be justified in telling you that the Vestry of this 
Ch: seem evidently disposed to make my situation as un 
pleasant as may be. I say but little, tho' hope I am not forget 
ful of the dignity of the Clerical Character. The Vestry I know 

C 471 U 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

not nor can find out from what motives have changed their 
minds and declarations from what they uniformly have been 
heretofore and given to M r . Beardsley One Half of the Glebe, 
tho' he never has brought forward one scrap of paper to shew 
that he has any better title than he had when he declared he 
had no pretentions to the glebe and, by his agent actually of 
fered to take up with 200$ as a sufficient compensation for the 
money he had laid out in building a barn & i $ arearage in 
salary. The s<? Vestry have threatened to take away the other 
half from me which I suppose they will essay to do if they 
shall be chosen into office the coming year. I had laid my all 
upon the glebe in fencing & manuring to the amount of 1 5o. 
and had r 4 ? little or nothing in return. Half of this they have 
already taken from me & utterly refused to make me any 
compensation. The congregation view all these things and are 
displeased and signify to me it shall not be so another year. 
Mr Reade is in the Vestry and is indignant at their proceed 
ings & trys to do all he can to oppose the machinations of one 
or two (who by a combination of strange circumstances are the 
sole movers & agents in this strange business ) & who have 
openly declared that the more disagreeable be my situation 
& the sooner I go from here the better. Judge Johnston & 
Dr Bard have manifested their displeasure at these things and 
say things shall not always be so. God be praised it is no worse 
and that my mind as it respects this business is serene. 

Pardon this intrusion upon your cares. Take it in good part 
as I mean it. Write to me I pray you soon. 

Your affectionate Brother 

PHILANDER CHASE 
REV. JOHN H: HOBART 

Poughkeepsie July 13, 1805 

Superscription : 

REV. JOHN HENRY HOBART, Greenwich Street, New York. 



PHILANDER CHASE 

ANNOTATIONS 

Nine Partners and Franklin. 
For notice see Volume III, page 254. 

Albany Centinel Controversy. 
For notice see page 479. 

Frederic Be as ley. 

For sketch see Volume III, page 325. 

John Beards ley. 

John Beardsley was born in Stratford, Connecticut. He graduated 
from Yale College in 1 76 1 . In the spring of that year, in company with 
Thomas Da vies and Samuel Andrews, he went to England for ordi 
nation. They returned in the fall, having on October 26, 1761, signed 
the act of conformity and been licensed to officiate in the Plantations 
by the Bishop of London. 

Mr. Beardsley became the successor of the Rev. Ebenezer Punder- 
son in the mission of Groton and Norwich. Here he served until 1766, 
when he became missionary in Dutchess County , New York. Through 
his efforts the parish of Christ Church, Poughkeepsie, was organ 
ized October 26, 1766, and received a royal charter March 9, 1773. 
Mr. Beardsley became its rector, but still continued his missionary 
work in various parts of the country with encouraging results. When 
the Revolution commenced, he adhered to the cause of the Crown, 
and after suffering many indignities, was removed to New York by 
order of the Committee of Safety. He became chaplain to the regiment 
organized by Colonel Beverly Robinson, and served with it through 
out the war. He went to New Brunswick in 1783, and was one of those 
to whom was granted Parrstown, now the city of St. John. In 1784 
he became rector of Maugerville, New Brunswick, in succession to 
the Rev. John Sayre, and in 1802 he removed to Kingston, King's 
County, where he died in 1810. 



473 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

John Reade. 

Reynolds's ' l Records of Christ Church, Poughkeepsie," has on page 

115 this note on John Reade : 

' * The Convention of the diocese of New York elected John Reade of 
Christ Church, Poughkeepsie, as one of the lay delegates from the 
diocese to the General Conventions of the Church held in 1801 and 
1808. He took his seat in 1801, but failed to do so in 1808, probably 
because of his last illness, his death occurring in October of that year. 
Mr. Reade came to Poughkeepsie, in 1794 or 1795, from Red Hook, 
where he had had large property interests in a storehouse and land 
ing on the river, and in land. His wife, Catherine Livingston, was a 
daughter and heir of Robert G. Livingston of Red Hook, who had 
owned much Dutchess County real estate, and Mr. and Mrs. Reade 's 
position in Poughkeepsie was that of people of wealth and breeding. 
They at once took a pew in Christ Church, and Mr. Reade was made 
a vestryman, and then a warden, and was sent as delegate to the Dio 
cesan Convention. Mrs. Reade's niece, Cornelia Livingston, and her 
husband, John Crooke (son of the Charles Crooke who helped build the 
first church), also established their home in Poughkeepsie, during the 
period this chapter considers, and made part of the congregation of 
Christ Church." 

John Johnston. 

Judge Johnston was a descendant of Dr. John Johnston, who was 
mayor of the city of New York in 1712. About 1798 John Johnston fol 
lowed his friends, Dr. Samuel Bard and General Morgan Lewis, to 
their retreat on the Hudson River, which they called Hyde Park. Judge 
Johnston was a vestryman and clerk of Christ Church, Poughkeep 
sie, until he joined with Dr. Bard and others in founding St. James's 
Church, Hyde Park. For some years he was supervisor of the town. 
On June 5, 1807, he was made judge of Dutchess County, and on 
February 4, 1820, he became clerk of the county. 

Samuel Bard. 

Samuel, theson of John Bard, was born in Philadelphia, April 1, 1742. 
He entered King's College at the age of fourteen, and in 1761 he went 
to Europe, and graduated at Edinburgh in 1765. On his return he 
practised medicine in the city of New York, and established a medical 

C 474 3 



PHILANDER CHASE 

school in connection with King's College, in which he was professor 
of the theory and practice of physics. As a result of an address of his, 
the New York Hospital was founded. He was the family physician of 
Washington during his stay in New York. In 1792 he was appointed 
professor of natural philosophy in Columbia College, but in 1798 re 
tired to his estate at Hyde Park on the Hudson, where he died May 
24, 1821. Dr. Bard was much interested in agriculture, and it was 
through his influence that the Agricultural Society of Dutchess County 
was founded. He was a generous supporter of the Church both at 
Poughkeepsie and later at Hyde Park, where he built the church. 



475 




DEAR SIR 

WILL you do me the favor to obtain from the Trustees 
of the College a Certificate of my Sons Phils leaving it 
Do you wish to take my house & Garden for the Summer 
if so I shall leave it with M r . E. B. Dayton to settle with you. 
May every blessing attend you & yours is the sincere 

prayers of in haste _, rr 01 

Yours afleft*. JAMS R[CKETTS 

M R Maria, Philip James 
unite in love to you & Goodin 

July 14^ 1805 
Superscription: 

THE REV? M? HOBART N 46 Greenwich Street New York. 



ANNOTATIONS 

Philip Ricketts. 

See sketch of James Ricketts, Volume III, page 342. 

Elias Bay ley Dayton. 

For sketch see Volume III, page 303. 

Maria Ricketts. 

See sketch of James Ricketts, Volume III, page 342. 

Sarah Ricketts. 

See sketch of James Ricketts, Volume III, page 342. 

James Ricketts. 

For sketch see Volume III, page 342. 

Mary Goodin Hobart. 

Goodin was the wife of John Henry Hobart. See Volume I, pages 

cxvii and clxxxv. 

C 476 ^ 



DANIEL NASH 

[ FROM DANIEL NASH ] 

Butternuts July 14. 1805 Lord's Day Evening. 

REV? AND DEAR SIR, 

ATER the exercise of the Day, which has been very 
lengthy, six hours at least in administering the Sacra 
ment, Catechising &c. together with visiting the sick after 
Church I have returned to the House of a good Old friend 
about ten o Clock in the Evening and have set down to ac 
knowledge the receipt of your kind Letter by M* Coleman. 
You will form something of an idea of my feelings when I 
tell you upon the perusal of it, I indulged myself freely in let 
ting my tears flow can you imagine yourself so far excluded 
from your Brethren as to have the receipt of a Letter have 
this pleasing effecl: for they were tears of joy My feel 
ings were so much agitated when I wrote by M? Coleman, 
that I can form but a faint recollection of the ideas I com 
municated by your answer I supposed I mentioned the very 
heavy task I have to perform. My health is but poor and I 
see not how it will be possible to go thro' with all the calls 
which are made when I cannot see my People I write 
I have now a number of Letters I will want to write before 
I close my Eyes I was pleasing myself with the agreea 
ble idea of seeing our good Bishop and was then in hopes that 
some method would be devised by which I might be eased 
from so great a task, beyond my abilities,when I was informed 
of his indisposition God grant he may soon arrive. I sin 
cerely thank you for the present of Books I was so delighted 
with the life of Good Doctor Johnson that I spent nearly 
the whole of last Sunday Night in perusing it which impru 
dence prevented my study for the Week for my Eyes were 

C 477 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

extremely aflfecled I rejoice that you are so aclive in the 
City you undoubtedly have your trials for whenever man 
thinks himself above or independent of the authority of God's 
Ministers, then those Ministers will be opposed I was told 
a few Days since by a Presbyterian Minister that he was in 
formed that you had given much offense in your writings. I 
told him I had mentioned by Letter to you that undoubtedly 
it would be the case and what your answer was he said, he 
was further told you was a flowery Preacher. I answered not 
more flowery than solid. Here our conversation ended but 
I saw discontent on his Brow Will the Spirit of opposition 
never stop. Oh Lord, how long before those who profess thy 
sacred Name shall submit thy Church and own thy authority? 
Earnestly should we pray for so happy an event and to accom 
plish it we should beg of them who have dissented to stop 
and consider but those who are wise in their own conceits 
are not given to reflection. Will you give Ml! Nash 's and my 
love to Ml! Hobart and thank her most sincerely We are de 
cently provided for as to clothing the piece of Cotton how 
ever was much wanted and never could have come at a time 
when it was more acceptable. But you have a family, think 
not to much of me we shall do well with God's Blessing. 
Entreat our Bishop not to be sparing in sending Prayer Books. 
I can give them away to advantage. If possible I shall see you 
at Convention. Let me know in good Season where you meet. 
Give my love to our worthy Clergy in the City, tell them I 
feel under many obligations to them for remembering me as 
to the Donation. Your Books are highly esteemed by the pious 
Members of the Church. 

Your obliged friend & Brother DANIEL NASH 



C 478 



DANIEL NASH 

Send me a few Catechisms which were published by the Bishop 
& Clergy. I want them for my Children. 

Superscription: 

THE REV? JOHN H. HOBART New York. 

To the care of the Rev"? Ml Beasley Albany who is requested to forward it by the first 
safe conveyance and oblige his friend and Brother D. Nash. 



ANNOTATIONS 

Mr. Coleman. 

For notice see page 446. 

Chandler's Life of Johnson. 
For notice see Volume I, page xii. 

Albany Centinel Controversy. 

In 1805 the Rev. Dr. William Linn, a minister of the Dutch Re 
formed Church and a man of literary ability, wrote a series of Mis 
cellanies in the * 'Albany Centinel. ' ' In one of his papers he deliberately 
attacked the doctrine of the Episcopate. This led to a series of answers 
under assumed names. The chief writers were the Rev. Frederic Beas 
ley of St. Peter's, Albany, and his friends, the Rev. Mr. Hobart and 
the Rev. Thomas Yardley How. So brilliant and able were these an 
swers that they aroused their opponents to heated and disingenuous 
replies. In 1806 the papers were gathered into book form, under the 
title "A Collection of Essays on the Subject of Episcopacy." 

Eusebius " appears to have been the name assumed by Dr. Hobart. 
The controversy was continued in the pages of "The Churchman's 
Magazine" for 1806, and led to the bitter attack upon Dr. Hobart by 
Dr. John M. Mason of New York City, which drew from the former 
his famous "Apology for Apostolic Order." 

Frederic Beasley. 

For sketch see Volume III, page 325. 



479 



DONALD FRASER 

DONALD FRASER was a teacher in the city of New York from 
1785 to about 1820. He appears to have had great success in the 
first years of his career, and to have won the commendation of such 
men as Bishop Moore, Dr. Mason, Dr. Linn, Dr. Abeel, Dr. Rodgers, 
Mayor Golden, and Robert Lenox. He was also an author of several 
publications, and in the latter part of his life he endeavoured to pub 
lish biographical and other works by subscription. Mr. Lenox gave 
him the following recommendation : 

I have known Mr. Donald Fraser, Teacher of this city for twenty 
years. And have ever considered him as a worthy honest man ; and 
such I have always heard him mentioned. 
Given at New- York, Aug. 17, 1808. ROBERT LENOX. 

In 1805 he was living at 178 William Street, where he is described as 
being a teacher of languages and librarian. 



C 480 



DONALD FRASER 

[ FROM DONALD FRASER ] 

REV. SIR 

THOUGH I have not the pleasure of being personally 
acquainted with you, yet, I trust, you will pardon my 
freedom in addressing you at present. I am about publish 
ing a book, of known merit, by subscription which has a 
moral tendency. Will you be so kind as to favor me with the 
Weight of your name? Several respectable Characters have 
already Subscribed. 

Permit me to add, that I have been for twenty years a 
Teacher in this City, and lately lost nearly all the fruits of my 
Arduous industry by mis-placed Confidence. 

I am Rev. Sir, 

respectfully, Your 

humble servant' 

D. FRASER. 
THE REV: M^ 
JOHN H. HOB ART 

July 15 1805 

Superscription : 
THE REV? M? JOHN H. HOBART. N 46 Greenwich St 



481 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

[ FROM SAMUEL OGDEN ] 

Newark July 1 6'. h 1805 

REV? AND DEAR SIR 

IF the Clergy of your City, could favor us with a clergy man 
for next Sunday ; you would thereby render our Church 
a very particular kindness? Pray hold a Conversation with 
the Bishop, on the subject, and favor me with a line relating 
thereto. You will be pleased to remember that my House will 
with great pleasure afford Him every accomodation in the 
power of your much obliged Friend and Humble Servant 

SAM 1 : OGDEN 
THE REV? M R HOBART 

Superscription: 

THE REV? M? HOBART New York. 



C 482 



JANE TONGRELOU DAYTON 

[ FROM JANE TONGRELOU DAYTON ] 

Tuesday Eveng 

MY DEAR SIR 

I AM much distressed to find from your letter that you are 
so much in want of assistance I have been expecting to 
receive an answer from M Tooker [JkorrT\ as she is at work 
in Rahway I have been unable to see her I have been down 
to see her Mother this evens-, who is doubtful whether she 
will go or not but I intend going to Rahway in the morning 
and trying my influence and will let you know the result to 
morrow evening. M T . D. has been porw] since you left us with 
a gathering pora] ear & my little Boy is still a good deal 
disorder d , I hope to hear that Rebecca is better I shall expect 
a letter to morrow 

in great haste I am affect? 

JTD 

Superscription: 

REV? M 1 ? HOBART N9 46, Greenwich S5 New York 

Endorsement: 
July 16: 1805: 



ANNOTATIONS 

Mrs. Tooker. 

Mrs. Tooker was evidently a nurse or servant. 

William Dayton. 

William Dayton, the husband of Jane Tongrelou, was a citizen of 

Elizabeth Town, New Jersey. 

Rebecca Smith Hobart. 

For notice see Volume I, page cc. 

C 483 ] 



JOSEPH JACKSON 

JOSEPH JACKSON was born in Appleby, England. He came from 
England with credentials from the Rev. Dr. Jonathan Boucher to 
be tutor to the children of a distant relative in Maryland. He was made 
deacon by Bishop Claggett, October 28, 1794. He became assistant 
minister in Prince George Parish, Montgomery County, and in 1796 
rector of St. Peter's, Talbot. In 18 1 1 he was rector of the two parishes 
of William and Mary and St. Andrew, in St. Mary County. In 1816 
he accepted the rectorship of St. John's, Hagerstown. In 1817he made 
a missionary journey through Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Kentucky. 
He removed in 18 19 to Kentucky, and died in the following year at his 
home in Bardstown. He was a man of great attainments, great humil 
ity, and hearty zeal. He left a legacy to be used for Christian educa 
tion in Maryland, the result of much self-denial. In 1840 it amounted 
to two thousand dollars, and was the nucleus of the fund which built 
the College of St. James, Hagerstown, an institution which for nearly 
thirty years was very useful. Its buildings were destroyed during the 
Civil War. 



[ FROM JOSEPH JACKSON ] 

The Glebe of St. P's.T. C. M<! July 17, 1805. 

REV. & DEAR SIR, 

I RECEIVED your's of the 24^ of May a few Days after Date, 
&derived from it much Satisfaction. I shall rejoice sincerely 
to find you enabled, to favour me frequently in this Way. I had 
earlier made my Acknowledgment, but that I have been pre 
vented partly by Indisposition, partly by the near Approach 
of our State Convention which, it appeared to me, might 
probably present Something worthy of a Communication. This 
however has passed without affording any Thing very material 
to remark. It was, with Pleasure I think it, the largest, &, in 
my Opinion, the most respectable Convention which has met 

C 484 l 



JOSEPH JACKSON 

at Easton ( where it is held once every three Years ) since my 
entering the Ministry. It opened with a Degree of Harmony 
which has not characterized our ecclesiastical Councils for 
three or four Years last past ; & which was not interrupted till 
the third Day, when this lovely Appearance was forced to give 
Way to the Clouds of Passion & Party Zeal, which have of 
late been so apt to rise above our Horizon. This was occasioned 
by certain Parochial Reports presented in Consequence of the 
Canon of the last General Convention, especially ( I might al 
most say exclusively ) by the Report of the Rev. M r . Dashiell, 
conveyed in Terms of bitter & unwarrantable Invective against 
the Rev. Di: Bend. This Ferment however had not Time to rise 
into a Storm, before it was allayed & constrained to give Place 
to the Force of Good Sense, & a Degree of Moderation which 
I really think may give just Cause of Solace to the Friends of 
the Church. The offensive Report, instead of being admitted 
to stand on the Journal, was rejected with one Voice, & with 
Terms of Reprobation decided, but temperate & qualified as 
far as the Nature of the Case would admit. 

I think it may further be observed, that there appeared in 
many Things the Marks of a Retuni to the true & ancient 
Principles of the Church, & to the Spirit which has always 
characterized her. A Charge was actually alleged against 
one of the Clergy for Irregularity, & a Behaviour too much 
favouring Se6larism : But as the Fa6ls were deemed insuffi 
cient to justify a Presentment, upon the apparent Contrition 
of the Person offending, the whole of the Minutes respecting 
the Affair were suffered to be erased. 

If the Attention of the Clergy be steadily directed towards 
the real Int s lof the Church, there can be little Fear but, under 
the protecting fostering Hand of Heaven our Zion will yet 
prosper. Among the Interests of the Church must be reckoned 

[ 485 U 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

her Rites & Observances; & it gives me no small Delight 
to read your Sentiments on this Subject. I entirely accord with 
you, as to their Use & happy Tendency : & will yet hope to see 
their Operation extended among us. 

We can hardly fail to receive Animation from the Zeal & 
Conduct of other States I mean particularly, N. York & Con 
necticut. The Journal of your last State Convention I have just 
received; & shall be one amidst a Number to thank you for 
forwarding it to us. Communications of this Kind are highly 
proper, & must be conducive to general Good. Dl Kemp, I 
think, did not receive his Copy before the Meeting of our 
Convention ; or your good Intentions might have been farther 
answered. 

I thank you sincerely for the Mention of Pres* Johnson's Life, 
as for the Publication itself. I have procured the Work, & after 
perusing it with Pleasure have put it in Circulation.lt must 
conduce not only to strengthen the Cause of Episcopacy, but 
to engender rational Piety & sober Industry in the Clergy. 

The Churchman's Magazine from Connecticut appears to 
be already beneficial in a Degree. 

Regretting my Inability to answer your Favour at an earlier 
Period, I can only promise, so far as a similar cause may not 
operate in future to be at least more punctual in my Commu 
nications. I cannot be wanting in Inclination to contribute 
towards a Correspondence which I heartily wish to support 
as expecting from it both Pleasure & Advantage. I have of 
late laboured under a more than common Indisposition ; & am 
at present so debilitated, that I cannot write nor study to any 
Advantage. In a Day or two hence I expect to set out for a 
chalybeate Spring in an adjoining County, from which I hope 
to receive Benefit. Do let me hear from you speedily. Hoping 
that this will find you in better Health than when you wrote 

C 486 ] 



JOSEPH JACKSON 

to us ( as appears from your Letter to D T . Kemp ) ; & begging 
my Remembrance to M? H. I remain, dear Sir, with Esteem 
& Respect, your affectionate Brother, 

Jos. JACKSON. 

Superscription: 

THE REV? JOHN HENRY HOBART, City of New- York 



ANNOTATIONS 

George Dashiell. 

For notice see Volume III, page 467. 

Joseph Grove John Bend. 
For sketch see page 375. 

Chandler's Life of Samuel Johnson. 
For notice see Volume I, page xii. 

The Churchman's Magazine. 

For notice see Volume III, page 420. 

James Kemp. 

For sketch see Volume III, page 336. 



C 487 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

[ FROM SAMUEL OGDEN ] 

Newark Wednesday 1 8'. h July. 

MY DEAR SIR 

1 REALLY Thank you for Your Note of Yesterday. Your 
being with us on Sunday next will afford us much pleasure. 
You will be pleased to recolle6l that my House is yours, and 
if you can make it convenient to bring Ml s Hobart out with 
you on Saturday Evening. You will make us very happy. M? 
Ogden joins in best Love to her with Your most Obedient 

Serv^ 

SAM^ OGDEN. 
THE REV? M R HOBART 

Superscription : 

THE REV? M? J. H. HOBART 
To the care of D B Ogden Esq r . 
New York. 

Endorsement: 

SAM'L OGDEN, 1805. 



ANNOTATIONS 

Date of Samuel Ogden s Letter, July 18, 1805. 
Mr. Ogden misdated his letter, as the 18th of July in 1805 fell upon 
a Thursday. It is evident that the year 1805 is correct, owing to the 
endorsement, and also that this letter is certainly a reply to a com 
munication from Mr. Hobart, answering Mr. Ogden's letter of the 
16th of July. See page 482. 

David B. Ogden. 

See sketch which precedes his letter of August 7, 1805. 



C 488 



ELIAS BAYLEY DAYTON 

[ FROM ELIAS BAYLEY DAYTON ] 

Elizabeth Town igV July 1805. 

DEAR SIR, 

1HAVE received your letter of this day. It was not until 
yesterday that M r . Belasise concluded to take M T . Rickett's 
house, includ? the Gardens & a small lot or two of land, for 
$100. until April next. his greatest obje<5t appears to be 
the securing a supply of the fruits of y e garden and I am very 
much of the opinion that he would be willing to let the house, 
with a privilege of using vegetables & fruit, to such a family as 
yours for a reasonable proportion of the rent, of this however 
I will inform myself tomorrow & write you. You may not 
withstanding let me know by the mail of tomorrow, how such 
an arrangement would suit you. 

Yours truly 

E. B. DAYTON. 
REV D MR. HOB ART 

No superscription. 

ANNOTATION 

Mr. Bellasis or George Richard St. John, Third Viscount Bo- 

lingbroke. 

For notice see Volume III, page 352. 



C 489 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

[ FROM SETH HART ] 

Hempstead 2 I st July 1805. 

DEAR SIR, 

IREC? last evening your letter of yesterday & was not disap 
pointed at its contents. They were exactly what I expected, 
at least respecting public excommunion. When I wrote you 
I felt a little of the spirit of resentment & a determination to 
take such steps as I expected the old man's passionate temper 
would rebel against. In fact I did not wish another pretended 
reconciliation I was not moved to this so much by his personal 
abuse of me, as by my perfect knowledge of his unchristian 
temper. As an instance of which among many others at the 
very time when he came to my house to acknowledge his for 
mer error & ask my forgiveness, speaking of Dunlevey's be 
ing, on his trial for killing M r . Fish, acquitted of murder by the 
jury, he said, if it had been his (Mr Eldert's)son hehadsokill'd 
& he had been thus acquitted, he would certainly have shot 
him himself, if he had known he should have been hung for it 
as a murderer, & he is always speaking uncharitably of every 
body. He is & always has been a disgrace to Christianity. How 
to be freed from such a pest to society was the only question 
with me. I found by the Rubric that I might suspend him from 
the Communion, but for how long a time or what was to be the 
consequence of such a step I could not learn from the general 
Constitution of the CM, or from our state Constitution. My 
object in writing to the Bishop & yourself was to gain some 
information on the subject:, as well as to get advice how first 
to proceed. I did not (especially upon reflection) expect the 
latter part of my draft of a notification would be approved of. 
The motive which first di6lated it was, either to induce him 
Ml E. to work out his salvation with f ear & trembling , by check- 

C 490 ] 



SETH HART 

ing his unruly lusts & passions and returning with humble pen 
itence to his duty, or else to get rid of all further trouble or con 
cern with him. However the next day after I wrote you I heard 
he had call'd on M r Clowes & told him to blot his name out 
the CM books, as he should never go into the Ch 1 ? again. As 
I consider'd that it belonged to me only to determine whether 
he should be a member of our Ch 1 ? or not, & as I thought it best 
that he should be suspended, rather than be left to boast of 
having left our Ch 1 ? of choice I immediately sent him the first 
part of that draft of a notification, so far as respe6ted a present 
suspension, & I have heard nothing from him since except 
that he went to the Methodist meeting last Sunday as the 
sow that is washed returns to her wallowing in the mire. He 
was once a member of that seel: & cast out as unworthy. 

I rejoice in the event as it has happened. He cannot now 
scandalize our Ch 1 ? with all his malice, so much as he did by 
being a member of it in the view of the world. 

"In perfect charity with all men." I am &c S. H. 

Superscription : 

REV? JOHN H. HOBARTN 46 Greenwich Sf New York. 



ANNOTATIONS 

Walter Dunlevy and Benjamin Fish. 

Henry Onderdonk, Jr., in his "Queens County in Olden Times," 

gives on page 91 this account: 

"1801, June 16. At a court of Oyer and Terminer and Gaol Deliv 
ery, holden by Morgan Lewis Esq. , at the Court House, Walter Dun- 
levy an Irish schoolmaster (who, on this evening of December 2* last, 
at John Burtis' tavern, in Fosters Meadow, had a scuffle with Ben 
jamin Fish, a farmer of Trimming Square, Hempstead, in which the 
latter lost his life the next day, by blows on the head, neck and mouth, 

C 491 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

from a billet of wood) was convicted on an indictment for manslaugh 
ter. Upon hearing the witnesses and viewing the circumstances of the 
case, the sentence awarded by the Court was fourteen years solitary 
confinement at hard labor in the State's Prison. [Willet Lawrence, 
Under Sheriff, says 'that on Sunday, Jan 18 th , two armed men, be 
tween two and three in the morning, came to the Court House, en 
tered undiscovered and came to his bed, ordered him to keep silence 
at his peril, and demanded the key of the room that Dunlevy was con 
fined in and ordered him to get up immediately and unlock the door, 
which he did. They then took the prisoner out and locked him in and 
threw away the keys. 7 

4 ' Dunlevy was conveyed to New York and engaged passage to Eu 
rope; but just on the eve of the vessel's sailing, the Captain acciden 
tally heard the report of the rescue, and judged from the description 
that the passenger on shipboard was the fugitive. Dunlevy was at once 
identified and committed to Bridewell. He was there kept from Jan 
uary 24 th till June 16 th , the morning of his trial, when he was escorted 
to the Court House in Queens County.]" 

Israel Eldert. 

For notice see page 468. 

Samuel Clowes. 

Samuel Clowes was parish clerk of St. George's Church, Hempstead. 



C 492 



ELIAS BAYLEY DAYTON 

[FROM ELIAS BAYLEY DAYTON] 

Eliz 1 ; Town 22 d July 1805 

DEAR SIR, 

I HAVE this day seen Mr. Belasise & despair of making 
the arrangment with him which I contemplated & which 
I mentioned in my former letter. He is willing to give up the 
whole contract only reserving a preference to purchase of 
John Calslough ( the gardener ) such of the fruit as he may 
want. 

I have explored the Garden this morning & find much less 
fruit than I expected. 

I am at a loss how to advise you under these circumstances. 
The use of the house &<: for about half the rent which he is 
to pay, would, I think, have been a much more desireable 
thing. 
Think of this & write me by next mail. 

Yours affectionately 

E. B. DAYTON 
REV? J. H. HOBART. 

Superscription : 

THE REV? MR. J. H. HOBART Greenwich Street near Beaver Lane New York 



ANNOTATIONS 

Mr. Bellasis or George Richard St. John, Third Viscount Bo- 

lingbroke. 

For notice see Volume III, page 352. 

John Calslough. 

John Calslough was a gardener in Elizabeth Town, New Jersey. 

C 493 H 






WILLIAM PERCY 

WILLIAM PERCY was a native of Bedworth, Warwickshire, 
where he was born September 15, 1744. After preliminary 
studies he entered Edmund Hall, Oxon, and received the degree of 
bachelor of arts. He was ordained in 1767, and became assistant cu 
rate to Mr.Stillingfleet, the perpetual curate of West Bromwich, Staf 
fordshire. He received an offer from the Earl of Dartmouth of a small 
crown living between Daventree and Towcester, and also an offer from 
Baron Smythe of the living of Locksley, near Stratford-on-Avon, as 
well as the assistant chaplainship of the Lock Hospital under the Rev. 
Martin Madan, which he accepted. In 1772 the Countess of Hunt- 
ington appointed him one of her chaplains, and he officiated at North 
ampton, the Tabernacle Chapel, and the Tottenham Court Chapel. In 
the same year Lady Huntington appointed him president of Bethesda 
College and Orphan House in Georgia, which had been bequeathed to 
her by George Whitefield. Dr. Percy was in Charleston, South Caro 
lina, in 1773, but was looked upon with suspicion by the clergy of the 
Church, and in consequence preached only in the Independent and 
Baptist meeting-houses. He warmly espoused the cause of the colonies 
in the Revolution, and preached to the troops in Charleston and else 
where. He returned to England in 1781 and resumed his duties at 
Lady Huntington's chapels. In 1782 he built a chapel for himself, 
with the assistance of some friends, at Woolwich. As the chapel was 
unlicensed, he was summoned by the rector of the parish and fined, 
and thereafter ceased to officiate in any unlicensed place of worship. 
With advancing years Lady Huntington became more attached to 
her own notions of religion, and resolved to found a connection of her 
own. She requested Dr. Percy to ordain preachers approved by her 
self and to act as a Bishop, which he declined to do. In a letter written 
June 14, 1784, he says that "a total separation has taken place be 
tween me and the Countess on account of her new seceding scheme 
. . . because I did not choose to become a self-created Bishop to assist in 
ordaining her ignorant scholars, under the fine term of Seceders." 

In 1793 he became minister of Westminster Chapel, and in 1798 
of Queen's Square Chapel. He returned to Charleston in 1804, and in 
January, 1805, became a temporary assistant in St. Philip's and St. 
Michael's Churches, Charleston. Upon the resignation of Dr. Edward 

C 494 ] 



WILLIAM PERCY 

Jenkins in 1809 Dr. Percy's friends were desirous that he should be 
called to the rectorship of St. Philip's Church, to which, however, the 
Rev. James Dewar Simons was elected. The friends of Dr. Percy then 
formed a third Episcopal Church, which afterward became St. Paul's 
Church, Radcliffeboro, and a handsome edifice was erected. Dr. Percy 
remained actively at work until the spring of 1819, when he returned 
to London, where, after an illness of only four days, he died July 13, 
1819, in the seventy-fifth year of his age. 



[ FROM WILLIAM PERCY ] 

Boston July 22 d : 1805. 

REV? & DEAR SIR, 

I TAKE the Liberty of introducing to your Notice & Friend 
ship M? Eaton, who is going to Do6lor Moore, well rec- 
comended, for ordination For near two years He has been the 
appointed Reader in the old North Episcopal Church, in this 
Town. He has taken his Degree in Cambridge College, & is 
highly esteemed by his Congregation as a most amiable & 
truly pious Man. As He is a Gent? of no private Fortune, every 
a6l of Love & Kindness either from yourself or Friends will 
be rec? with lively Gratitude. With kindest Regards to your 
self & Lady, I remain, my dear Sir, 

Your afFe6l? Bro r . in the Ministry 

W>? PERCY. 
Turn over 

P.S. I shall be greatly obliged, if you could procure me a 
private apartment, consisting of a small sitting Room & 
two Chambers, for a short Time in your City, upon reasonable 
& moderate Terms as I wish to pay you a Visit in New York. 
Or, if I return to your City the Beginning of August, have an 
opening, for an Assistant, in any of your Churches till the Be 
ginning of O6lober? In this Case I shall be happy to visit you 

C 495 D 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

immediately, if you will favour me with a Line by the Post at 
Mr Warren's Charleston near Boston. 

Superscription : 
THE REV? M? HOBART 46 Greenwich Street New York 

Honlby \ 
M r . Eaton J 



ANNOTATIONS 

Benjamin Moore. 

For sketch see Volume II, page 230. 

Joseph Warren. 

In July, 1805, Joseph Warren was temporarily in charge of Christ 
Church, Cambridge, Massachusetts. In 1806 he accepted the rector 
ship of St. Peter's Church, Peekskill. See Volume II, page 328. 

Asa 'Eaton. 

See sketch which precedes his letter of April 22, 1809. 



496 



CORNWALL BAYLEY 

[ FROM CORNWALL BAYLEY ] 

Perth Amboyjuly z6lD 1805. 

REV D SIR 

ATER the friendship and attentions with which you have 
honored me, I should not think myself justified if I were 
not to address you upon a subject of the deepest importance. I 
understand you were told of the unhappy occurence between 
Mr Ogden & myself on Sunday last, at Newark, and have 
doubtless understood the origin of it. Perhaps there may have 
been infinite impropriety in a youth like myself publickly call 
ing in question the conduct of D r Ogden, a man whose years 
& profession entitle him to respect. But there was nothing 
w** I can concieve insult, in my paragraph, and nothing surely 
which can justify his Son's usage of me. He neither demanded 
an apology or a gentleman's satisfaction ; neither told me his 
name or his business, until he had publickly assaulted me. He 
then added insult upon insult, and left me with the greatest 
disdain. My situation was & now is truly unpleasant. My ideas 
of taking orders preclude any possibility of taking a man's re 
venge. Nay it is useless to say this, for no consideration I hope 
w<? induce me to cast away the fear of God tho' I fear not man. 
I was here without a friend to advise or succour me, & my 
doubts how to act continued, until I read the paragraph my ad 
versary inserted in the evening post. This, with divers reports 
which were propagated (as that I begged M r O's pardon &c) 
induced me at once to determine the matter. I went up to 
Newark & having employed M r Stockton (Princeton) M r 
Williamson ( Eliz Town ) M r Kearney & M r M c Whorter, (of 
Newark) as my councel, I made the affidavit before Judge 
Pennington & have issued a writ ( bail i ooo dolls ) to prosecute 

C 497 ] 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

M r Ogden for assault & battery committed on the Sabbath, 
& aggravated by every circumstance that c d be. 

It is a matter of no little importance to me to have the con 
tinuation of my friend's good opinion of me: & if I therefore 
perhaps exceed the bounds of propriety in addressing you, 
you will forgive me. It would be a sincere gratification to me to 
hear that you did not disapprove my conduct, & that whatever 
may have been my fault in inserting the passage in question 
I am justified in seeking redress for the outrage committed. 

My health is so much impaired that Sea bathing is now 
requisite & I shall remain here at least a week, after w h I 
wish to be with my friends in N. York. You will be adding to 
y r former favors, my Dear Sir, by gratifying me with a line 
at this place, & believe me very truly y r ob d S f 

C. BAYLEY 
Amboy 
REV D J. H. HOBART 

Superscription: 
REV? J. H. HOBART Greenwich Si New York. 



ANNOTATIONS 

Uzal Ogden and Trinity Church, Newark. 
At the Convention of the diocese held at Perth Amboy on June 6 and 7, 
1804, the differences between the Rev. Dr. Ogden and the congrega 
tion of Trinity Church, Newark, were brought to the attention of the 
members by the senior warden of that parish : 

11 A memorial was presented to theconvention by Col. Samuel Ogden, 
from the church -wardens, vestry-men , and sundry members of Trinity 
Church, in Newark, stating that very unhappy divisions exist between 
the rector and congregation of said Church, and that the memorialists 
request the convention to interpose, and devise the most effectual means 
to put an end to the said divisions, which appeared to threaten the well 

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CORNWALL BAYLEY 

being and very existance of their church ; which being read : ordered 
that it be referred to a committee of six members, and that they report 
on it to-morrow morning. 

''Whereupon, The Revd. Dr. Wharton, The Revd. Mr. Croes, The 
Revd. Mr. Jones, Mr. Bell, Mr. Thomas, and Mr. Ricketts, were ap 
pointed a committee for this purpose." 

On the following day this action was taken : 

"Ordered, that the Committee to whom was referred the memorial 
of the congregation of Trinity Church, in Newark, make report. 

"Whereupon, Dr. Wharton, their chairman, presented the follow 
ing one, which was read and agreed to. 

'The Committee appointed to consider the subject of the memorial 
and remonstrance from the congregation of Trinity Church in New 
ark, and to state their opinion as to the accommodation and settlement 
of the differences that subsist between the rector and the said con 
gregation, beg leave to report, 

' That sincerely lamenting the unhappy dissensions that prevail in 
the said Church, and without entering into a discussion of the merits 
or causes thereof, but considering that the usefulness of a minister 
essentially depends on the preservation of union and harmony between 
him and his congregation, and that the cause of our holy Religion, 
and the prosperity of the Church, must be materially affected, whilst 
the disputes and discontent, as stated in the above memorial, continue 
in the said Church, and as the only means in their opinion of restoring 
that peace and tranquility so much to be desired by all who love the 
Church and wish to advance its prosperity and honour ; do earnestly 
recommend and advise that the Rev. Dr. Ogden do resign the rector 
ship of the said Church, and surrender the property belonging thereto 
into the hands of the Church-wardens and vestry thereof. In consid 
eration of which they propose that the sum of 250 dollars per annum, be 
allowed and secured to him during his life, from the funds of the said 
Church. 

"The committee further recommend that this Convention nominate 
three different persons to adjust and settle all accounts and pecuniary 
matters in difference between the said Dr. Ogden and the said congre 
gation, And that all personal disputes between him and any indi 
viduals of the said congregation should henceforth cease and be buried 
in oblivion. 

499 



HOBART CORRESPONDENCE 

"On motion, resolved, that the gentlemen concerned have time given 
to them to consider the report, and that they declare their acceptance 
or refusal of the conditions recommended in it, before the rising of the 
house. Whereupon, Mr. Seabury immediately said, that on the part 
of the congregation of the Trinity Church, the deputation were ready 
to accede to them . ' ' [Reprint , Journals of Diocese of New Jersey, 1785- 
1816, p. 7.] 

For sketch of Uzal Ogden see Volume III, page 222 ; and for his 
election as Bishop of New Jersey see page 141 in Volume II. 

Cornwall Bay ley and the Evening Post. 

In the "Evening Post" for July 16, 1805, Mr. Bayley inserted the 
following commu