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Full text of "Cotton picker room machinery"




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ICKER ROOM 
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COTTON 

PICKER ROOM 

MACHINERY 



CATALOGUE 

No. P20 



WOONSOCKET MACHINE & PRESS CO. 

WOONSOCKET, RHODE ISLAND, U.S.A. 

Makers of 

Feeders Drawing Frames Intermediate Pickers 

Bale Breakers Slubbers Roving Waste Openers 

Breaker Pickers Roving Frames Revolving Top Flat Cards 

Finisher Pickers Openers Intermediate Frames 

Thread Extractors Conveyors Jack Frames 

Copyright, 1!)17, hy Woonsockf.t Maciiink &; Pukss Co. 



COTTON PICKER ROOM MACHINERY 




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WOONSOCKET MACHINE & PRESS CO. 3 



Introductory 

IN the manufacture of the machines ilkistrated and 
described in the following pages we have given long 
study to the demands of cotton spinners. 

The result is a higher standard of Picker Room equip- 
ment than has been produced heretofore. 

We would invite attention to the principles, improve- 
ments, and conveniences of operation which are provided 
in each of the various machines here included. 

Combined with these points of efficiency are the high- 
class workmanship and material which have entered into 
the construction of all our products for forty years. 

Thus we are enabled to offer to the manufacturer an 
equipment that w411 meet his most exacting demands and 
produce clean, even, and uniform laps — the first require- 
ment of successful subsequent processes. 

WooNsocKET Machine & Press Co. 



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W O O N S O C K E T IVI A C H I N E & PRESS CO. 



Hopper Bale Opener 

THIS machine was designed esj^ecially to overcome the 
expense of hand opening and mixing, and at the same time 
to secure a more thorough opening and more even mixing 
than was possible under the older method. 

When the cotton is mixed by hand the stock is still in large 
bunches and matted to such an extent that when fed into the 
hoppers of ordinary openers, it is impossible to secure an even 
or thorough mixing. 

The fluffy condition of the cotton as it is delivered from the 
Hopper Bale Opener shows the thorough manner in which the 
stock has been opened. 

The feeding apron of the Hopper Bale Opener extends well 
back from the machine, ordinarily about four feet, which makes 
possible the grouping of a number of bales around the machine. 
In the operation of the machine, stock is taken from first one 
bale and then another and placed on the horizontal apron. 
Thus a very even mix is obtained from the various bales. 
If desired this idea can still further be carried out by extending 
the apron farther back. 

The slow-moving horizontal apron carries the cotton forward, 
after which it is taken by the more rapidly moving spiked 
elevating apron, which subjects the cotton to a sort of combing 
action. At the top of this apron, is a spiked cylinder which 
further combs the cotton and throws back into the hopper 
any unopened pieces. 

A stripping beater with stiff leather blades strips the cotton 
from the spiked a})ron and delivers it into a box, from which it 
is taken by the distributing systems. 



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Style 37 

Bale Opener and Stock Mixer 

THE purpose of this machine is to open the raw cotton and 
mix with it the card sliver, drawing shver, etc. This has 
to be re-run by all mills and is usually termed "waste." 

Card and drawing sliver, and comber lap waste can be put 
directly into the waste hopper, and will be thoroughly torn up 
by the action of the spiked apron and comb. 

Spinners "stick waste" should be run through a thread ex- 
tractor first, and roving "waste" should be run through a 
roving waste machine before putting into hopper. 

The Waste Hopper MAY also be used to mix in a lower grade 
or shorter staple bale, which from choice or necessity it may 
be desirable to distribute amongst a number of bales. 

We can arrange this waste hopper in connection with our 
Double Hopper Feeder so that colored cottons could be mixed 
with raw stock more evenly than by weighing separately and 
mixing on the floor. 



10 



COTTON PICKER ROOM MACHINERY 




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WOOXSOCKET MACHINE & PRESS CO. 11 



Cotton Conveying Systems 

THE installation of a hopper bale opener makes the use of 
a distributing lattice eminently satisfactory. When the 
opener is some distance from the lattice, a suction fan and 
condenser system should be used, but when the distance is 
very short an elevating lattice may be used, dropping the cot- 
ton directly onto the distributing lattice. 

Our blowing systems, condensers, fans, cleaning trunking, 
and our distributing lattices are heavily built, and capable of 
easily doing the work for which they are designed. 



12 



COTTON PICKER ROOM MACHINERY 




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Style 19 

Trunking Opener with Double Hopper Feeder 

(See drawing on page 15) 

THIS machine will handle cotton either direct from the bale 
or from mixing bins, as preferred. The operation is as 
follows : 

The cotton is thrown onto the rear apron at A and is carried 
inside of the machine and rolled up in the form of a ball as 
shown in outline. A very heavy spiked apron B acts on this 
cotton intermittently and carries the cotton over into the hopper 
V, maintaining a constant supj^ly of cotton to be acted on by 
the spiked apron D, this spiked apron being of the usual weight 
of slat and pin. 

The intermittent action of the apron B is accomplished by 
the following means: Letter Y shows a feeler plate pressing 
against the back of the cotton in hopper T" and hinged on a shaft 
at X. The end of the feeler at }' will work back and forth from 
Z to Z, it being constantly held up against the cotton by means 
of a weight lever on the outside of the machine acting through 
shaft X. This weight by means of levers connected to a belt 
shipper starts the apron B when the cotton in chamber V 
gets slightly below its normal supply and allows point of Y to 
approach Z. As soon as the apron B delivers cotton enough 
into chamber T^, the feeler Y is pressed back toward the point 
Z, and this pushes the belt onto the loose pulley and apron B 
stops until the cotton in chamber V allows the feeler to s^ing 
again over toward the point Z, when the operation is again 
repeated; this action taking place constantly without any 
attention. 

By maintaining in the chamber V a constant quantity of 
cotton, the spiked apron D acts under uniform conditions, and 
therefore delivers a regular quantity of cotton. The apron D 
is stripped by the pin beater H and the cotton is carried up to 



14 COTTON PICKER ROOM MACHINERY 

the cages L and M by the suction from the fan. The flat grid 
bars K betv/een the pin beater and cages are made of sheet steel. 
There are about forty (40) of them, these taking the place of the 
flat cast-iron leaf bars with which all are familiar. Between the 
cages and the first beater, we have increased the distance over 
the usual construction in order to give a larger seed dropping 
chamber W under the beater, and in order to carry the cotton 
from the stripping rolls .V and to the feed rolls R and S, we 
have added a pair of carrier rolls, P and Q. This machine 
delivers an even, regular sheet of cotton to the feed rolls of the 
first beater R and 8, thereby giving the beater a constant and 
an even sheet to operate on, and owing to the evenness of the 
sheet, the cotton is held firmly between the feed rolls without 
thin places to be drawn through without beating. 

The suction fan connected wnth the cages L and M obtains its 
air supply from the opening over the feed apron A, and thus 
circulates through the hop])ers, coming in close contact with the 
tumbling cotton and has a very beneficial action on same, and 
adds greatly to the efficiency of the cleaning and beating process 
which follows, and also prevents dust and fly from escaping into 
the room. 

The cotton, when it arrives at the feed rolls R and 8, is 
thoroughly loosened up and bloomed, ready for the action of 
beating without danger of injuring the staple. 



WOONSOCKET IM A C H I X E & PRESS CO. 15 




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Style 10 Machine 

THIS is a combination of our Style 9 Breaker and No. 19 
Opener with our patented sliding door cleaning trunk 
arranged all on one floor in a straight line to give the greatest 
amount of cleaning capacity possible for the given space. 

This machine easily handles 4,000 pounds of cotton per day. 
The cleaning trunk dirt chambers are exhausted by the same 
fan that is used to draw the cotton through the trunking, this 
being provided for by a damper which cuts the draught off from 
the cages and connects it to the dirt chambers during the clean- 
ing operation. 

The cotton from the Opener Beater passes through the lower 
line of trunking first and is returned through the next line and 
so on until it reaches the condenser cage at the end of the top 
line. The cotton is taken from the cage by stripping rolls, and 
a pin beater in front of the stripping rolls tears the cotton into 
small pieces and it falls in an even manner onto the apron, which 
delivers it to a pair of feed rolls in front of the last beater, from 
which it is passed on to the cages and calender rolls in the usual 
manner. 



18 



COTTON PICKER ROOM MACHINERY 




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Style 8 Machine 

A One-Beater Breaker Lapper with Short Cage 
Section for Trunking Work 

THIS machine is adapted for use with conducting trunk for 
conveying the cotton from an opener on a lower floor, or 
vice versa. 

It can, however, be used with short lengths of cleaning truck 
and gives satisfactory results. The seed chambers are extra large 
and also the air inlets under the stripping plates, which give 
an ample volume of air for even distribution between the grid 
bars without causing whirlpools and eddies among the droppings 
to the detriment of the cleaning action of the grid bars. 



20 COTTON PICKER ROOM MACIIIXERY 




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Style 9 Machine 

A One-Beater Breaker with Condenser Section 
for Cleaning Trunking Connection 

THIS machine will do all that can be done by Style 8 and 
in addition will convey cotton through long lengths of 
piping, conducting and cleaning trunking, and it will deliver a 
better and more uniform sheet to the feed rolls, and by its use 
less trouble and stoppage of machines will be occasioned. 

The frame sides and girts of this machine are all cast iron 
— no woodwork being used — and it is of a heavy and rigid con- 
struction and can be depended upon for a large production with 
ease. 



22 COTTON PICKER ROOM MACHINERY 




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Styles 21 and 22 Machine 

A One- and Two-Beater Breaker with Double 
Hopper Feeder 

THIS is a machine that for efficiency, production, and ease 
of operation cannot be equalled, the Feeder being the same 
as described in connection with the Style 19 Opener. This 
is followed by one and two 18-inch diameter beaters, the second 
one being rigid and the first one being either of the rigid or 
Buckley cylinder type, as preferred. 

All dropping chambers are of extra large size, giving an abun- 
dance of seed room, and at the same time, ample size air inlets 
to give even distribution of the air necessary to be taken in 
through the grid bars for carrying the cotton into the cages 
and also for preventing good cotton being thrown out through 
the grid bars. 

The capacity of this machine is from 4,000 to 6,000 pounds 
of cotton per day. 



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COTTOX PirKER ROOM MA(HI\KRY 




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Style 11 

Single Beater Finisher 

rilHIS machine is made by the same tools and processes and 
A with the same care and precision that enters into our machine 
tool work. The beater and fan shaft are ground, all studs are 
case hardened and ground. High-speed gearing is ail cut, and 
fast-running pinions are made of steel, cut and case hardened. 
All medium and high-speed bearings are ring oiling, the beater 
and fan bearings having been designed to overcome the trouble 
of oil leakage, which every carder knows has caused him serious 
annoyance by getting inside of the machine and onto the cotton, 
to say nothing of the cost of the oil. These bearings are oil- 
tight and neither allow oil to be drawn inside of machine or to 
leak outside. 

The evener mechanism is so constructed that friction has 
almost been eliminated, and as a result, the slightest change in 
thickness of laps is at once recorded by the evener belt. This, 
of course, ensures an evenness of finished lap heretofore con- 
sidered impossible. 

Combined with the countershaft shipper handle is a locking 
device for the beater bonnet. This device locks the bonnet on 
starting, or if the bonnet is open the shipper is locked so that 
the machine cannot be started. 

Improved forms of grid bars are used, the angle bars ha\dng 
milled knife edges, true and parallel to the edge of the beater 
blade. The flat dust bars are made of sheet steel, and owing 
to their thinness over double the usual number may be used 
and still keep the same spacing. We are thus enabled to clean the 
cotton better than has hitherto been possible. 

Between the cage stripping rolls and the lap head we have 
applied our patented Anti-Split rolls, which prevent split laps. 



28 COTTON PICKER ROOM MACHINERY 

There are two of these rolls; the lower one is composed of a series 
of steel discs on a shaft, which run in corresponding grooves in 
the upper roll; the cotton passing between them is corrugated 
lengthwise with small ribs which are j)ressed down by the cal- 
ender rolls into reenforced strips which bind the sheet together. 

The brake motion for tlie la]) rocks is adjusted by set screws 
for any desired friction, and cl.ange in same may be very quickly 
accomplished. 

Everything about the machine is substantial, and in all its 
refinements none has been attained })y a sacrifice of strength 
or ample wearing surface. We guarantee this picker to do 
better cleaning and evening with less cost for ])ower, oil, and 
repair than any other machine on ilic market. The quality 
of the workmanslii]) throughout is well illustrated by the fact 
that when running either idle or o])erating on cotton one can 
hardly tell from the sense of licaring that gears have any place 
in its construction, and the general ai)])earance of the machine 
is such as to commend it to all who like nice lines and high finish 
in the machinerv of their mills. 



\YOONSOCKET MACHINE & PRESS CO 



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Style 7 

Thread Extractor 

THIS machine is of first-class construction, and will extract 
a larger percentage of threads than other makes. 

It occupies a floor space of 4 feet 8 inches x 4 feet 8 inches, 
and the countershaft should run at a speed of 650 r. p. m. 

It is a superior machine for cleaning card and picker waste, 
and will handle about 1,000 pounds per day — gross weight. 

We can furnish this machine with an automatic self feeder, 
in which case the floor space will be 10 feet x 4 feet 8 inches. 



32 



COTTON PICKER ROOM MACIIIXERY 




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Roving and Hard Waste Machine 

THIS machine is made in from one to five sections in lengths 
according to the work to be performed. It was originally 
designed to open roving waste and was built in one and two 
sections. A large demand has made it necessary to add sections 
up to five in number to handle thread, cop waste, knitting 
clippings, etc. The cylinder pins are made finer as the ma- 
terial is delivered from cylinder to cylinder, delivering the 
stock thoroughly opened and cleaned. Production is governed 
by the grade of product desired and will average 2,000 lbs. per 
day of roving waste and 1,000 to 1,400 pounds of hard waste. 



WOONSOCKET MACHINE & PRESS CO. 35 



Floor Plans 

ON the following pages are shown out- 
line drawings and elevations of the 
various styles and combinations of Feeders, 
Openers, Pickers, Dust Trunking, etc. Our 
experience has shown that every picker 
room equipment must be laid out individ- 
ually as the location, size of building, kind 
of stock handled, and convenience of han- 
dling require a different set of machines or 
layout. ^Ye therefore have competent en- 
gineers to suggest and furnish proper picker 
room machinery layouts to meet the vary- 
ing conditions which ma}^ exist. This ser- 
vice is at your disposal. 



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fOTTOX PICKER ROOM MA( HIXEHY 



Beater and Feed Roll Settings 

Space to be allowed between Feed Rolls and Beaters 



Blade Beaters 1st Beater 


2nd Beater 


3rd Beater 


4th Beater 


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or Pin Lag 

Kirschner Beaters give tlie l)est results as ref>ar<ls cleaning 
when set so as just to clear the feed roll, and are therefore more 
suitable for the finisher ])icker. 



WOOX SOCKET MACHINE & PRESS CO 



.57 



Production in Pounds per Day of 10 Hours 

10% Allowed for Stoppages 
Figured at 1400 Revolutions of Beater 

FINISHER 

Weight of Lap in Ounces per yard 



Feed 
Pulley 
Diam. 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


4 


1380 


1530 


1660 


1800 


1920 


2075 


2200 










5 


1740 


1910 


2075 


2250 


2425 


2600 


2775 










6 


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2275 


2500 


2700 


2900 


3100 


3300 










7 


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2660 


2900 


3150 


3400 


3650 


3880 










8 


2775 


3050 


3325 


3600 


3875 


4150 


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BREAKER 

Weight of Lap in Ounces per yard 



Feed 
Pulley 
Diam. 


10 


11 


12 


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14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


4 










2375 


2560 


2750 


2900 


3075 


3250 


3420 


5 










3000 


3200 


3420 


3640 


3850 


4050 


4260 


6 










3575 


3850 


4100 


4350 


4600 


4850 


5100 


7 










4200 


4500 


4775 


5075 


5350 


5650 


5950 


o 










4775 


5100 


5450 


5800 


6150 


6500 


6850 



COTTON PICKER ROOM M A C II I X E R Y 



Draft Table of Intermediate and 
Finisher Pickers 



Constant .2190 

Evener Roll Gear 22 T into 9 T 

on Worm Shaft 


Constant .3074 

Evener Roll Gear 24 T into 7 T 

on Worm Shaft 


Teeth Ch. Gear 


Draft 


Teeth Ch. Gear 


Draft 


15 

10 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 


3.28.3 
3..)04 
3.723 
3.942 
4.101 
4.380 
4.."i!M> 


l.-> 
1(1 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 


4.011 
4.918 
0.22G 
0..533 
O.840 
0.148 
0.4:).-) 



Above draft tables are calculated assuming the Evener Belt run- 
nmg at center of cones at whicli ])oint the diameters are e(|ual. 

The limit of range of cone belt can increase (h'aft 100% or decrease 
draft 50% from above table. 



\VOONSOCKET MACHINE & PRESS CO 



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60 



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61 



Average Power Required to Drive Cotton 
Picker Room Machinery 



St vie 
No. 



Name of Machine 



Type 
Beater 



Normal 

Speed 

Beater 

Pulley of 

Counter 



Width of 
Machine 



Horse 
Power 



Indi- 
vidual 
Drive 

Size 
Mo(or 



7 
8 
9 

10 

11 

12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
21 

22 

23 
24 
25 

26 
27 
28 

29 

30 

31 

32 
33 
34 

35 

37 



Thread Extractor . . . 
Breaker, one beater . 
Breaker, one beater . 

Breaker, two beater \ 

Finisher, one beater . 
Finisher, two beater . 
Breaker, two beater . 

Fan, 1^2" 

Fan, 14" 

Finisher, with feeder . 
Opener, single hopper 
Opener, donble hopper 
Opener, doulile hopper 
Breaker, one beater. . 

Breaker, two beater } 

Opener 

Opener 

Anto Distributing Lat- 
tice 

Hopper Bale Opener . 
Hopper Bale Opener . 
Breaker, one beater . 

Breaker, two beater J 

Breaker, one beater 

Breaker, two beater 1^ 
J 
Roving Waste Opener 
Roving \Yaste Opener 
Feeder 

Opener, two beater \ 

Hopper Bale Opener 
and Stock Mixer . . 



Rigid 
Rigid 
Buckley 
Rigid 
Rigid 
Rigid 
Rigid 



Rigid 
Buckley 
Buckley 
Bucklev 

Rigid' 
Buckley 

Rigid 
Buckley 
Bucklev 



Rigid 

Bucklev 

Rigid" 

Rigid 

Buckley 

Rigid 

Pin 

Pin 

Buckley 
Rigid 



^2200 
1300 
1300 

1300 

1300 
b200 
1300 

urn 

1200 
1^200 
1300 
1300 
1300 
1300 

1300 

1300 
1300 

Each 

300 

300 

1300 

1300 

1300 

1300 

1300 

1300 

300 

1300 



300 



40" 
40" 

40" 

40" 
40" 
40" 
12" 
14" 
40" 
36" 
36" 
36" 
40" 

40" 

36" 
36" 

■15 Feet 
40" 
40" 
40" 

40" 

40" 

40" 

"24" 
24" 

36" 

40" 



3 
6 

7 

16 

4 3^^ 

sy 

4> 

8 

6 

4 

6 

8 

13 

6 
12 



2H 
9 1 o 



6 
10 

7 
12 

4 

7 

12 



2-10 

o 
10 
15 

5 
10 



10 
15 

15 



3 
3 

7: 

10 

15 

5 

7 
1 

15 



The above table is published as a guide to determine the size of motor for 
individual drive whieh has become so popular in recent years._ The actual 
power required will of course vary according to the local conditions and the 
class of cotton; also settings of beaters and the speed required. 



62 



COTTON PICKER ROOM MACHIXERY 




W 00 X SOCKET MACHINE & PRESS CO 



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Anti-Split Rolls 

IJalc IJrcakcr Direct Lattice Dis- 
tributor Connection, Siijle 2(i ■ 

Hale Opener and Stock Mixer, 
Style 37 8, 9, 

Heater and Feed Roll Settings . 

Beaters, Kirschner 

Belting Schedule for Pickers . . 

Breaker and Finisher, Combina- 
tion, Style W) 

Breaker Lapper, Style S . 18, 19, 

Breaker Lapj)er, Style U . -20, 21, 

Breaker, One-Beater, with Double 
Hopper Feeder, Style -yO . . . 

Breaker, One-Beater, with Double 
Hopper Feed Regulator, Style 
21 2S, 2.>, 

Breaker Production Tal)le . . . 

Breaker, Single Beater with Single 
Hopper Feeder, Style 2S . . -i'-i. 

Breaker, Two- Beater, with Con- 
denser Section, Style IS . . . 

Breaker,Two-Beater, with Double 
Hopper Feeder, Style 2i . '2 4, ■•>.), 

Breaker, Two-Beater, with Pat- 
ent Zigzag Trunk and Double 
Hopi)er Feeder, Style 10 . KJ, 17, 

Cleaning Trunk Section .... 

Condenser,Overhea(l, Style ■'> 10, 1 1 

Combination Breaker and Fin- 
isher, Style W) 

Draft Tai)le of Intermediate and 
Finisher Pickers 

Extractor, Thread, Style 7 30, .'H, 

F'an, Styles 14, 15 

Feed Roll Settings, Beater and . 

F^inisher Production Table . . . 

Finisher, Single Beater, Style 11 
20-28, 

F'inisher, Tw()-Beat(>r, Style 12 . 

F'loor Plans 35- 

Gear Diagram of Pickers . . . 

Hop])er Bale Opener, .S7///^' 27 4-7, 

Hopper Feeder, Single, Style -i J . 

Kirschner Beaters 

One-Beater Breaker with Double 
Hopper Feeder, Style SO . . . 

One-Beater Breaker with Double 
Hopper Feed Regulator, Style 
21 •. . 23, 25, 

One-Beater Opener with Single 
Hopper Feeder, Style 23 . . . 



Ind 

03 



ex 

Page 
Opener, Bale, and Stock Mixer, 

Style 37 8, !), 37 

Opener, Hopjx-r Bale, Style .'7 

4-7, 30 
Opener, One-Beater, with Single 

Hopper Feeder, Style 23 ... 40 
Opener, Roving Waste, with Two 

Beaters, Style 3.; . . . 32, 33, 51 
Opener, Two-Beater, with Single 

Hopper Feed and Cage Section, 

Style 2', .-,5 

Opener with Double Hopper 

Feeder, Style 19 . 12, 13, 14, 15. 31) 
Opener with Single Hopper 

Feeder, Style 17 52 

Overhead Condenser for Cotton 

Conveying, .S7///r 5 . . 10, 11, .38 
Picker Room Machinerv. Power 

Table ■ . . . . 01 

Pickens, Belting Schedule for . . 00 

Pickers, Draft Table 'iH 

Pickers, (iear Diagram V.) 

Power Table for Pick.-r Room 

Machinery (il 

Production Tables '>7 

Rolls, .\nti-Split 03 

Roving Waste Opener with Two 

Beaters, Style 33 . . . 32, 33, 51 
Single Beater Breaker with Single 

Hopper Feeder, Style 2S . . 22, 43 
Single Beater l^'inisher. Style 11 

20-28. 48 
Singl<> Beater Waste Opener, 

Sty!.' 32 -,0 

Single Hoj)per Feeder, Style 3', . 4!) 
Thread Kxtractor, Style 7 . 30,31,4!) 
Trunking. Zigzag Dust .... 29 
Two-Beater Breaker with Double 

Hopi)er Feeder, Style 22 . 24, 25, 45 
Two- Beater Breaker with Con- 
denser Section, Style 13 . . . 54 
Twf)-Beater Breaker with Patent 

Zigzag Trunk and Double 

Hopper F<'eder. Style 10 . 10, 17,41 
Two-Beater Fini.sher, Style 12 . 53 
Two-Beater Opener with Single 

Hopper Feed and Cag:' Section, 

Style 24 o.'y 

Waste Opener, Single Beater, 

Style 33 51 

Zigzag Dust Trunking 29 



OATE DUE 



SOUTHEASTERN MASSACHUSEHS UNIVERSITY 

^jU:''-U TS1578.W6 
' Cotton picker room machinery 

■ ■ ■iiiiiiip|iir,|i;i|iii|i"" 




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