(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "County records of the surnames of Francus, Franceis, French, in England. A. D. 1100-1350"

i 1 




9^9.2 , 

P8872f 

1164715 



GENEALOGY COLLEGtION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 00861 5921 



■ . ^ ^^ 



/ / 



COUNTY RECORDS 



OF THE 



SURNAMES OF FRANCUS, FRANCEIS, 



FRENCH, IN ENGLAND 



A.D. 1100-1350 



A. D. WELD FRENCH 



Author of the ''Index Armorial" "Frenches of Scotland" Fellow of the Society of An- 
tiquaries of Scotland, Member of the Scottish History Society and of the Com7nittee 
on Heraldry of the Kezu England Historic Genealogical Society 



BOSTON 

PRIVATELY' PRINTED 

1896 



Only five hundred and iweniyfive copies printed^ of zohich this 

is No. ..L.I 

GEORGE H. ELLIS. 



PREFACE. 
1164715 

The solicitation of friends in the Old World as well 
^ as here, together with the favorable reception of my 

^ , previous volumes, has induced me again to appear in 
print on the same subject as my last work relating 
to Scotland, but, in this instance, confined to the 
counties of England. 

The authorities consulted were the cartularies, 

Tt public archives, published records, and some county 
histories ; while the records given in this volume are 
mainly translations of these ancient documents. The 
period covered embraces an early era of the rule of 

(^ the Norman sovereigns and of their descendants, 
Kings of England, including the reigns of the first 
three Edwards. 

Although the work is purely antiquarian, while the 
genealogical features are incidental, it is possible that, 
besides the records of the surnames, some of the 
documents may be considered of general historical 
importance ; while others, illustrative of former cus- 
toms, may be received with favor. 



IV 



PREFACE. 



In regard to the early use of these surnames, some 
remarks seem appropriate in this place. From the 
Latin word " Francus," with the addition of the suf- 
fixes, we have the following compound words, — 
" Franc-ensis," " Franc-iscus," and " Franci-gena." 

The change of Francensis to the modern Fran9ais 
is not only interesting as regards the changes of 
a word in the language of France, but also of some 
value as bearins^ on the commencement and con- 
tinned use of these surnames. 

The suffix cnsis in Franc-ensis implies nationality 
in Latin. And M. Brachet, commenting on the 
changes in France, says that by reducing the us in 
this suffix to J came Francesis, then Francisis in the 
seventh century, Franceis in the tenth century, — at 
its end ei becomes 6i, and we have Fran9(5is, by the 
end of the twelfth century 6i becomes 6c; and we 
have Fran9des, then Fran9oes, and in France, finally, 
Fran9ais. 

Franciscus is found synonymous with Franceis in 
the Coldingham charters. 

M. Binckmeier and M. Bain translate Franciscus 
as French. Their opinions have the confirmation of 
M. Du Cange, who gives the following illustrations : 
" Franciscus habitus, Cuspis Franciscus, Miles Fran- 
ciscus, Franciscus mos, and Francisca lingua." 



PREFACE. V 

As regards Francigena and Franceis being identi- 
cal, we have the record of the parson of Caldbeck, 
in Cumberland, who is mentioned in 1231-33 as 
Johannes Francigena, and again in this same period 
as Johannes Le Franceis. M. Stapleton evidently 
took this view, as his French translation of Walterus 
Francigena, who is mentioned in the Norman Roll of 
1203, was Walter Le Franceis. 

France gives a quota of surnames derived from 
Francus. Among those beginning with Franc, are 
derived the following compound names : Franc-ia, 
Franc-terre, Fran(c)-chesnay, Franc-lieu, Franc-ville, 
Franc-homme, Fran(c)-coeur, etc. ; while Germany 
continues with its illustrations of Franck, Franken, 
Franken-burg, Franken-land, Franken-stein, in which 
country the letter "c" is frequently omitted. 

The surname of Franc, so common in France, is 
phonetically the same as Frank or Franck in Ger- 
many, which names orthographically succeeded the 
French cognomen at its anglicization in Angle-land, 
or England. 

As this surname of Frank numerically increased 
in England with the changes in its language, which 
began in the reign of King Henry III., it may be 
accounted for by the increase in families, by adoption, 
and possibly by the influx of Germans of this patro- 
nymic name. 



VI 



PREFACE. 



The ancient archives of England show but few 
instances of the French surname of Franc. Ortho- 
graphically, its nearest approach, of which there are 
numerous records, was Franc. This mark of ab- 
breviation indicates a contraction for Francus, Fran- 
ceis, etc. 

In England the primitive surname of Franceis, 
etc., did not respond to the changes in the language 
of France already noticed, but continued down to a 
much later date than in the land of its origin ; while 
Fran9ois, its successor in that country, is rare among 
the surnames in the ancient English archives. The 
modern French surname of Fran9ais is unusual in 
England ; and, if found, it is probably borne by natives 
of France or their descendants. 

At the anglicization period in English history, ac- 
cording to the earlier records, the surname of Franceis 
took, in many instances, the form of French ; but the 
original name of Franceis, with some slight variations, 
existed for decades of years after that period, until, 
finally, this patronymic name became in most in- 
stances, by the omission of the letter " e," the modern 
English surname of Francis. The derivatives of the 
Latin word " Franc-us " have also given place-names 
in several of the counties in our mother country, 
namely ; in County Chester, Frank-by ; County 



PREFACE. vii 

Devon, Franka-borough ; County Dorset, France ; 
County Durham, Frank-land; County Hants, French- 
more and Frensh-am ; County Hereford, France ; 
County Kent, Francks ; County Norfolk, Frank-fort, 
Fransh-am and Frense ; County Salop, Franck-ton or 
Frank-ton; County Surrey, Frensh-am; County Sus- 
sex, Franch-is ; County Warwick, Frank-ton ; County 
Wilts, Frankley ; County Worcester, Frank-by. 

To those unfamiliar with the writings of the early 
chroniclers, it is well to draw their attention to the 
fact that these learned men or scribes were generally 
governed in giving surnames by their phonetic or 
articulate sounds, which accounts for the many ortho- 
graphical variations of the same cognomen, some of 
which chancres are even found in the same document. 
A like system seems to have been the rule with the 
place-names. 

As regards this latter subject, it is well to state that 
the ancient place-names are generally preserved in 
these records, while their modern substitutes are 
given as their different headings. 

Concerning the translations of the documents made 
for this volume, it may be observed that the names of 
individuals have been preserved " verbatim et litera- 
tim " according to the original Latin text, the excep- 
tions being the references to same and the translated 



viii PREFACE. 

documents taken from the printed works in which the 
editors have given the modern names instead of those 
found in the original records, which accounts for the 
appearance in those documents of some modern Eng- 
Hsh names before their introduction. 

Continuing, it will be noticed that the first appear- 
ance of the surname of Franceis is at the very dawn 
of the twelfth century ; and from this time evidence 
of the name is carried down to the year 1300, the last 
quarter of these two hundred years being specially in- 
teresting as showing what may be considered as the 
beginning of the anglicization of surnames in Eng- 
land. 

The earliest notice of the surname of French is not 
later than the year 1252, and is found in the Wiltshire 
records, in which are the names of Osbertus and Gal- 
fridus Frense ; and from this time documentary data 
are eiven of this surname to about the middle of the 
fourteenth century. 

As some of the following records are of the time of 
King Henry I., the statutes and customs of whose 
reign had so marked an influence on early English 
civilization, it is well to dwell for a few moments on 
his great charter of liberties, given to his subjects, in 
the first year of his reign, a.d. iioi. The historical 
importance of these early franchises, accompanied 



PREFACE. ix 

with the allusion to this charter in the present 
volume, seems a sufficient reason to give in this 
place a translation of this document, made from 
the earliest charter given in the " Statutes of the 
Realm": — 

In the year of the incarnation of the Lord MCI., 
Henry, son of King William, after the death of 
William, his brother, by the grace of God, king of 
the English, to all faithful, greeting. Know ye that I, 
by the mercy of God and the common council of the 
barons of the realm of England, am crowned king of 
the same. And, because the realm was oppressed by 
unjust exactions, I, with respect for God and the love 
I have for you, in the first place make God's holy 
church free, so that I will neither sell nor farm out, 
nor, after the death of an archbishop, bishop, or abbot, 
will accept any of the property of the church or of its 
men (homines), until a successor has entered into the 
same. And I banish all the evil usages with which 
the kingdom of England has been unjustly oppressed, 
part of which evil usages I here set down. 

If any one of my barons, earls, or others, who hold 
of me, should die, his heir shall not redeem his land, 
as he did in the time of my brother; but he shall 
relieve the same by a just and legitimate relief. In 
the same way the men of my barons shall relieve their 
lands of their lords by a just and legitimate relief. 

And, if any of my barons or others, my men, will 



X PREFACE. 

give his dauQ-hter in marrias^e, or sister, or niece, or 
relation, let him treat with me ; but I will neither 
accept anything from him for this license nor pro- 
hibit his giving her away, except if he would give her 
to my enemy. And if, on the death of a baron, or 
any other of my men, a daughter should remain his 
heir, I will give her away with the advice of my 
barons, together with her lands ; and if, on the death 
of a husband, his wife should survive without children, 
she shall have her dower and marriage-portion, and I 
will not o;ive her to a husband without her consent. 
But, if the wife should survive with children, she shall 
have a certain dower and marriage-portion whilst she 
shall keep her body in chastity ; and I shall not give 
her away except by her consent. And either the 
wife, or some other relation, who will deal justly, shall 
be the guardian of the land and children ; and I 
command that my barons act in the same manner in 
regard to the sons, daughters, or wives of their men. 
The common mintage money which was taken by 
the cities and counties, and was not used in the time 
of King Edward, I absolutely forbid to be taken here- 
after. If any minter, or other person, be taken with 
false money, let right justice be done to him. All 
fines and all debts due to my brother I condone 
(pardon), except my right farms, and except those 
thincrs which were settled for the inheritance of 
others, or those which more justly concerned others; 
and, if any one has pledged his inheritance, I condone 



PREFACE. xi 

it, with all bargains contracted for the right of inheri- 
tance. 

And, if any of my barons or men shall lie ill, so 
that he dispose of or give his money, I will that such 
disposition remain ; but, if he, prevented by war or 
infirmity, shall not give or dispose of his property, his 
wife, or children, or parents, or his lawful men, may 
divide it for him as shall seem best to them. 

If any one forfeits, he shall not give a pledge for the 
whole of his possessions, as he did in the time of my 
father or brother; but according to the measure of 
the forfeit shall he be fined, in such manner as fines 
were laid on under those my predecessors who reigned 
before my father and brother. But, if he shall be 
convicted of perfidy or criminality, let him make 
amendments as shall seem just. 

Also all murders committed before my coronation 
I condone, and those afterwards shall be dealt with 
according to the law of King Edward. 

I have, with the consent of my barons, retained all 
forests to myself, as my father held them. 

To the knights who defend their lands by their 
" loricas," I grant of my own gift that their demesne 
land shall be free from all gelds (taxes) and all work, 
so that, eased of so great a burden, they may the 
better provide themselves with horses and arms for 
my service and for the defence of the kingdom. 

I establish firm peace in all my realm, and com- 
mand that it be kept hereafter. 



xii PREFACE. 

I restore to you the laws of King Edward, together 
with those amendments made by my father with the 
advice of his barons. 

If any one has taken anything from me or from 
any other person after the death of King Wilham, my 
brother, he shall immediately restore it without cor- 
rection ; and, if any one retains such things, he upon 
whom it is found shall make strict satisfaction to me. 
T(estibus), M(auricio Londoniense) Ep(iscop)o, Gun- 
dulfo Ep(iscop)o, Willelmo electo (Wintoniense) 
Ep(iscop)o, Henrico Comite (of Warwick), Simone 
Comite (of Huntingdon, etc.), Walt(ero) Giffardo, 
Rodb(er)to de Montford, Rogero Bigoto, et Henrico 
de Portu, apud Londoniam quando fui coronatus. 

In conclusion, I must gratefully acknowledge the 
valuable documents bearing on the subject, received 
from Miss Emma M. Walford, of London, the result 
of her searches amono- the archives of EnHand. 

A. D. WELD FRENCH. 

1 60 State St., Boston, Mass., U.S. 
May 15, 1896. 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

Bedfordshire, 3 

Berkshire, 16 

Buckinghamshire, 25 

Cambridgeshire, 36 

Cheshire, 65 

Cornwall, 69 

Cumberland, 71 

Derbyshire, 82 

Devonshire, 97 

Dorsetshire, 105 

Durham, 117 

Essex, 120 

Gloucestershire, 131 

Hampshire, 149 

Herefordshire, 170 

Hertfordshire, 177 

Huntingdonshire, 1S2 

Kent, 194 

Lancashire, 208 

Leicestershire, 214 

Lincolnshire, 227 

Middlesex, 238 

Norfolk, 273 



xiv CONTENTS. 

Page 

Northamptonshire, 287 

Northumberland, 296 

Nottinghamshire 306 

Oxfordshire, 315 

Shropshire, 334 

Somersetshire, 349 

Staffordshire, 377 

Suffolk, 395 

Surrey, 405 

Sussex, 416 

Warwickshire, 434 

Westmorland, 448 

Wiltshire, 473 

Worcestershire, 496 

Yorkshire, 512 

Index, 555 



ENGLAND. 



BEDFORDSHIRE. 



As reference to the inquisition for the taxation of 
the ninth is mentioned first in the beginning of these 
county records, it may be interesting to some readers, 
before giving the regular records, to introduce the 
succeeding documents bearing on this subject. 

Mortimer states "that on the 21st of February, 
1340, King Edward III. issued writs for assembling 
a new parliament at Westminster on the 29th of 
March following." The Parliament assembled under 
these writs granted a subsidy to the king of the ninth 
lamb, the ninth fleece, and the ninth sheaf, for the 
king's wars, of which we have the succeeding records: 

The grants, releases, and pardons of the [said] 
chattels of felons and fugitives, and many other 
things [underwritten] which the king hath granted 
to the prelates, earls, barons, and all the commons 
of his realm, for the ease of them perpetually to en- 
dure, the said prelates, earls, barons, and all the 
commons of the realm, willingly of one assent and 
good will, having regard to the will that the king 
their liege lord hath towards them, and to the great 
travels that he hath made and sustained as well in his 
wars of Scotland as against the parts of France and 



4 BEDFORDSHIRE. 

other places, and to the good will which he hath to 
travail to keep his realm, and maintain his wars, and 
to purchase his rights ; they have granted to him 
the ninth lamb, the ninth fleece, and the ninth sheaf, 
to be taken by two years then next to come. And of 
cities and boroughs the very ninth part of all their 
goods and chattels, to be taken and levied by lawful 
and reasonable tax by the same two years, in aid of 
the good keeping of his realm, as well by land as by 
sea, and of his wars, as well against the parts of Scot- 
land, the parts of France, Gascoigne, and elsewhere. 
And in right of merchants foreign, which dwell not 
in the cities nor boroughs, and also of other people 
that dwell in forests and wastes, and all other that 
live not of their [gain nor store], by the good advice 
of them which shall be deputed taxers, shall be set 
lawfully at the value of the fifteen, without being un- 
reasonably charged ; and it is not the intent of the 
king, nor of other great men, nor the commons, that 
by this grant made to the king of fifteens the poor 
[borail people], nor other that live of their bodily 
travel, shall be comprised within the tax of the said 
fifteens, but shall be discharged by the advice of them 
which be deputed taxers, and of the great men which 
he deputed surveyors. 



BEDFORDSHIRE. 



Statute the Second. 



Edward, by the grace of God [etc. to all them, etc.], 
Greeting. Know ye that, whereas the prelates, earls, 
barons, and commons of our realm of England, in 
our present Parliament holden at Westminster the 
Wednesday next after the Sunday of Middle Lent, 
the fourteenth year of our reign of England and the 
first of France, have granted to us of their good gree 
and good will, in aid of the speed of our great business 
which we have to do, as well on this side the sea 
as beyond, the ninth sheaf, the ninth fieece, and 
the ninth lamb, to be taken by two years next com- 
ing after the making of the same, and the [cities] 
and the burgesses of boroughs the very ninth part 
of all their goods ; and the foreign merchants, and 
other which live not of [gain] nor of store of sheep, 
the fifteenth of their goods lawfully to the value : We, 
willing to provide for the indemnity of the said prel- 
ates, earls, barons, and other of the communalty, 
and also of citizens, burgesses, and merchants 
aforesaid, will and grant for us and our heirs, to the 
same prelates, earls, barons, and commons, citizens, 
burgesses, and merchants, that the same grant which 
is so chargeable shall not another time [be had] 
in example, nor fall to their prejudice in time to 
come ; nor that they be from henceforth charged nor 
grieved to make [any] aid, or to sustain charge, if 
it be not by the common assent of the prelates, 



6 BEDFORDSHIRE. 

earls, barons, and other great men, and commons 
of our said realm of England, and that in the 
Parliament ; and that all the profits rising of the 
said aid, and of wards and marriages, customs and 
escheats, and other profits rising of the said realm 
of England, shall be put and spent upon the main- 
tenance [and] the safeguard of our said realm of 
England, and of our wars in Scotland, France, and 
Gascoigne, and in no places elsewhere during the 
said wars. 

This subsidy granted to the king, Edward III., 
so identified with the complications arising from his 
assuming the title of King of France, which addi- 
tional title well pleased his subjects, although they 
had at the same time considerable anxiety as to the 
effect it would have on the supremacy of the king- 
dom of England, and for that reason they presented 
in Parliament to King Edward an address, the nature 
of which seems to be embodied in a royal charter, 
which, although somewhat departing from the subject 
of this taxation and even the title of this volume, 
it seems of sufficient historic interest to make an 
innovation, and revive it again in our memories, 
to wit : — 

[Edward, by the grace of God, King of England 
and France, and Lord of Ireland, to all those which 
these Letters shall hear or see :] Greeting. Know 



BEDFORDSHIRE. 7 

ye that, whereas some people do think that by 
reason that the reahii of France is devolved to us 
as right heir of the same and forasmuch as we 
be King of France, our realm of England should 
be put in subjection of the king and of the realm 
of France in time to come : We, having regard to 
the estate of our realm of England, and, namely, 
that it never was nor ought to be in subjection, 
nor in the obeisance of the kings of France, which 
for the time have been, nor of the realm of 
France, and willing to provide for the surety and 
defence of the realm of England, and of our liege 
people of the same, will and grant and establish 
for us and for our heirs and successors, by assent 
of the prelates, earls, barons, and commons of 
our realm of England, in this our present Parlia- 
ment summoned at Westminster the Wednesday 
next after the Sunday in Middle Lent, the four- 
teenth year of our said reign of our realm of Eng- 
land, and the first of France, that by the cause or 
colour of that, that we be King of France, and 
that the said realm to us pertaineth, as afore is said, 
or that we cause us to be named King of France 
in our style, or that we have changed our [seal] or 
our arms, nor for the commandments which we 
have made or from henceforth shall make as King 
of France, our said realm of England, nor the people 
of the same of what estate or condition they be, 
shall not in any time to come be put in subjection 



8 BEDFORDSHIRE. 

nor in obeisance of us, nor of our heirs nor succes- 
sors as kings of France, [as afore is said, nor be 
subject] nor obedient, but shall be free and quit 
of all manner of subjection and obeisance aforesaid, 
as they were wont to be in the time of our pro- 
genitors, kings of England, forever. In witness of 
which things [etc.]. Dated at Westminster on the 
sixteenth day of April, in the years of our reign of 
England and France aforesaid. 



GENERAL. 

At the pleas in the King's Court in three weeks 
of Easter, 9th of May, 11 99, Johannes de Carum 
essoins himself by Ricardits Fraiiceis in a placitum 
homagii versus Willelmus de Lohering. 



BEDFORD CITY. 

In the sixth year of the reign of King Richard I. 
(1194-95) Baldwinus Fransigena was amerced for 
being absent from an assize, in this city, and he 
was in frankpledge. 

Willelmus le Franuceis has a grant from King 
Henry III., in the forty-sixth year of his reign 
(1261-62), of a yearly rental of loos., which he 
owes Isaac, son of Isaac of Bedford. 



BEDFORDSHIRE. 9 

A.D. 1309. — Pardon to John, son of Richard de 
Bodenho, for the death of Edmund le Freynch, as it 
appears by the records of Nicholas Fermbaud and 
John de Mutford, justices of gaol delivery for Bed- 
ford, that he killed him in self-defence. Dated at 
Langley on the 26th of January. 



BARFORD HUNDRED. 

RAVENSDEN. 

Circa a.d. 1240. — Among those holding in this 
place of the barony of Willelmus de Bello Campo 
were Willelmus Franceys and Hugo Picot, who held 
two virgates of land for the twenty-sixth part of a 
knight's fee, de veteri feoffamento. 



BIGGLESWADE HUNDRED. 

BIGGLESWADE. 

A.D. 1340-42. — Inquisition for the taxation of the 
ninth of lamb, fleece, and sheaf in this place. 

Willelmus de Blount, Johannes de Maldone, Hugo 
de Bodeho, Edmundus Palgrave, Willelmus le Child, 
Robertus Melnho, Johannes le Salt'e, Galfridus Lowys, 
Jurdanus le Smyth, Willelmus Sampsonn, Rober- 



lo BEDFORDSHIRE. 

tus Hankyn, Rogerus Svvetebon, Johannes de Wret- 
ton, Ricardus le Clerk, Johannes Warde, Thomas de 
Holm, Willclmus le Freynsch, and Thomas Davy, 
parochians of Byckeleswade, say upon their oath that 
the valuation of ninth is 34 marks, \^s. d>d., and not 
more, because some commodities and profits in this 
parish are not included in their inquisition, — viz., the 
tithe of hay, mortuaries, rents of assizes, etc., worth 
14 marks, 95. ()d. per annum; and the vicarage is 
worth yearly 15/. 10^. T^d. There are besides mer- 
chants in this parish who live partly by agriculture; 
and the fifteenth taxed of their merchandise would 
be 38^-. (^d., which is included in the aforesaid 34 
marks, iSs. c^d. 

SUTTON. 

A.D. 1 2 12-13. — ^^^^ assize came to make recogni- 
tion if Willelm2is le Fraiiceis and several others had 
disseized Henricus de Braibroch of his free tenement 
in Sutton. 

WRESTLINGWORTH. 

Prob. 13th century. — To all faithful in Christ to 
whom, etc., Willelmus ffrainiceys, greeting. Know 
that I have given and granted, and by this my charter 
have confirmed to God, the church of Wrestlingworth, 
and the patrons of this church, some land, nine 
perches and four feet in length and five perches and 



BEDFORDSHIRE. 1 1 

four feet in breadth, lying between the croft of Hervi- 
cus and that of the said church, in exchange for so 
much land of a croft belonsrins; to this church, which 
lies near by the croft of Godice. To have in perpe- 
tuity, etc., freely and quietly, honorably and in peace. 
And I, etc. 



CLIFTON HUNDRED. 

STOTFOLD. 

A.D. 1340-42. — Inquisition for the taxation of the 
ninth of lamb, fleece, and sheaf in this place. 

Edmundus Saman, Ricaj^diis le French^ Ricardus 
atte Touneshende, Ricardus Aunsel, Willelmus Hum- 
frey, and Rogerus le Frensch, parochians of Stotfold, 
say upon their oath that the ninth of this parish, in- 
cluding that of the prior of Newenham, is worth 12 
marks, ii^-, \d., and not more, because there is land 
and meadow which is in dower of the church, while 
there are besides many acres which are sowed with 
flax and hemp ; and the tithe of greater and lesser 
offerings and mortuaries belong to the church ; and 
the sheep and lambs died, while those remaining have 
not their former value. 



12 BEDFORDSHIRE. 

MANSHEAD HUNDRED. 

DUNSTABLE. 

In the twelfth regnal year of King Henry III. 
(1227-28) Robert le Franceis was attorney of William, 
prior of Grave, in a plea against Ralph de Esseng 
and John de Medhell, concerning cattle. 

In the year 1236 the Annals of the Abbey of Dun- 
staple show that Simon Cavegom was convicted for 
the murder of Galfridus Franceis ; but, as he was not 
found, he was outlawed with his brother Ricardus, 
and his pledges were amerced. 

There is a charter without date, but evidently of a 
later period in this thirteenth century, wherein Rob- 
ert, son of Robert Fratmceys of Dunstable, grants to 
Adam Rufus, of the same place, land in the field of 
Kensworthe, near by, in the hundred of Dacorum, 
County Hertford. 

In the year 1286, in opposition to the Dominicans 
enlarging their bounds in this place, the Abbey of 
Dunstable arranged with Thomas, their janitor, to 
purchase the messuage formerly belonging to Ro- 
bertiis Franceis in Dunstaple, the nearest area of the 
said Dominicans ; and the abbey took feoffment of 
the aforesaid tenement from the said Thomas, and 
the chirograph made between the said Thomas and 
the seller of this messuaoe was delivered in the Kino's 
Court. 



BEDFORDSHIRE. 13 

In the year 1291 this abbey paid to Willelmus de 
Turvylle, sheriff of Bedfordshire, half a mark for the 
aforesaid Thomas, now deceased, by the hands of 
Sybilla, his wife, and Walterus de Parco, for a fine 
made in the King's Court, for levying a chirograph 
between him (Thomas) and Petrus de Pakenham 
and Christina, his wife, of the messuage of Robertus 
Fraunceys in Dunstable. 



STODDEN HUNDRED. 

MELCHBOURNE. 

A. D. 1340-42. — Inquisition for the taxation of 
the ninth of lamb, fleece, and sheaf in this place. 

Johannes de Molton, Johannes Stoch', Johannes 
French, Galfridus Tekes, Johannes Baker, and Wal- 
terus Slecare, parochians of Melcheburn', say upon 
their oath that the ninth is worth 8^ marks, and not 
more, because to the church belongs land in dower, 
while the tithe of hay and other minor things, offer- 
ings, and mortuaries, are excluded from this taxation. 

MILTON ERNEST. 

At an inquisition made in the seventh year of the 
reign of King Edward I. (1278-79) the jurors say 
that Johannes, son of Rogerus Hervis', holds two 



14 BEDFORDSHIRE. 

hides and a half and one virgate of land in the vill of 
Middelton of the Hospital of Jerusalem, and the Hos- 
pital holds it of the king. 

The same Johannes holds one hide and a half and 
half a virgate in this vill in capite of Henricus Grey, 
and Henricus holds it of the Earl of Leicester (Ed- 
ward Crouchback) of the honor of Leicester, and this 
earl of the king. 

Among the free tenants of this Johannes in Middel- 
tone was Willelimis Franccys, holding half a virgate of 
land for 4^. 



WILLEY HUNDRED. 

RADWELL. 

A. D. 127S-79. — Robertus de Radewelle, lord of 
this vill, holds here seven hides and a half of land in 
capite of Radulphus Perot, and Radulphus holds it 
of Almaricus de Sancto Edmundo, of the barony of 
Cayho, and Almaricus of the king. 

Among the free tenants of Robertus de Radewelle 
appears the name of Willebmis Frcnse, who holds half 
a virgate of land for 2s. per annum with suit and 
hearth-money. 

Johannes le Wolf holds in same vill, of the fee of 
said Robertus de Radewelle, nine virgates of land, of 
which he has three virgates in demesne with Johannes 
his son. Among those in free tenancy is Willelmtis 
le Franceys, who holds half a virgate for hearth-money. 



BEDFORDSHIRE. 15 

WAHULLE. 

A. D. 1278-79. — Johannes de Wahulle, lord of the 
vill of Wahulle, and patron and advowee of the 
church, holds this vill of the barony of Wahulle, 
which is held in capite of the king. 

Among the free tenants of the fee of Johannes 
de Wahulle is Isabella la Fra7iceys, with her small 
tenants, holding one virgate of land for i2d. per 
annum. 




BERKSHIRE. 



GENERAL. 



At the pleas on the twenty-seventh day of October, 
1 1 99, the day is given in three weeks io Johannes 
Franceis, and others, appellees, and Petrus de Bride- 
port, appellant, in a plea concerning the king's peace ; 
and they have leave to agree. 



BRAY HUNDRED. 

MAIDENHEAD. 

A.D. 1327. — Roger Ffrenssh is mentioned in this 
year. In 1333 Helena le Hosebund unjustly retained 
a horse belonging to him. Two years later Margaret 
is mentioned as the wife of Roger Ffrejissh. He 
died in 1335, seized of a messuage held at ^s. per 
annum, when John Ffrench his son and heir paid for 
his relief ^s. 

Emma FJrenshe is mentioned in 1333, and again 
in the following year as relict of Walter Ffrenshe. 

Reginald Ffrensche is mentioned in 1338. He 
died in 1350, when Alice is mentioned as his relict as 



BERKSHIRE. 17 

well as guardian of Reginald, his son and heir. She 
gave to the lord %d. for suit of court. 



GANFIELD HUNDRED. 

STANFORD. 

A.D. 1341. — Willelmus Wermunstre and Ricardus 
le Frenshe, of Stanford, and Reginaldus Benet and 
Willelmus Est, of Goseye, jurors at the inquisition 
held at Wanetyng before the prior of Walyngford and 
his associates, assessors and venditors of the ninth 
part of sheaves, lambs, and fleece, say upon their oath 
that the ninth of sheaves, lambs, and fleece, in the 
parish of Stanford, is worth 31 marks, '^s. 6d., and not 
more, because the tithe of hay and other small tithes 
are worth iili. 2>s. lod. Also the ninth sheaf on the 
land of the abbot of Abyndon, in the vill of Goseye, 
in this parish, is worth 20^'., and not more, because he 
has neither sheep nor fleece. In testimony of which 
the aforesaid prior and jurors have appended their 
seal. 



1 8 BERKSHIRE. 



KINTBURY EAGLE HUNDRED. 

BENHAM. 

At the Nova Placita et Novae Conventiones in 
the fifth year of the reign of Henry II. (1158-59) 
the sheriff of this county renders an account of the 
land of VVillelmus Francesms of Benham. He paid 
it into the treasury, and is quit. 



CHILDREY. 

A.D. 1318, 12th of April. — Grant by Margaret, late 
wife of Richard de Polhamtone, to Walter de Hamme 
and Euginia, his wife, for their lives, of lands, etc., in 
Chelreye, with the reversion of a tenement which 
Willia?ii le Freynche and Cristiana, his wife, hold for 
the latter's life in the same place by the demise of 
Geoffrey de Okhangre except a meadow in " le Dol- 
mede." The said lands to revert to Maro^aret if 
Euginia after Walter's death recover dower in lands 
in Hamme, Mordone, and Botermere, which the said 
Walter and Euginia had granted to Margaret. Dated 
at Baltestone. 



BERKSHIRE. 



LETCOMBE. 



5 Edward 1.(1276-77). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of mort d'ancestor arraigned by- 
John de Bath against Andrew le Fraunccys, touching 
meadow in Ledecumb. 

A.D. 1 34 1. — Thomas Westebrok, Willelmus le 
Frensch, Willehnus le Bous, Willelmus Holte, 
Johannes Tedbald, Rogerus Pettewyk, and Thomas 
Benham, parishioners of the church of Ledcoumbe 
Regis, jurors at the iniquisition before the prior of 
Walyngford and his associates, collectors and asses- 
sors in the county of Berks of the ninth of sheaves, 
fleece, and lambs, granted to the king, say upon their 
oath that the aforesaid ninth is worth 43^ marks for 
this year, and not more. In testimony of which the 
jurors have appended their seal. 



MORETON HUNDRED. 

BASSILDON. 

A.D. 1272, 26th of June. — At this date was the fol- 
lowing plea before the king at Woodstock : Margery, 
the wife of Peter de Anesy, by attorney, and Matthew 
de Anesey, appeared against Richard de Vernon (2d), 
Gilbert le Fraunceys, and William de Warre, in a 
plea that whereas, on account of the transgressions 



2 BERKSHIRE. 

committed by Richard during the disturbances in 
the kingdom, the king had given the lands and 
tenements in Basteldene and Ashamstede to Peter 
de Anesy, to hold according to the form of the 
Dictum de Kenilworth (a.d. 1266), and the said Peter, 
being lately seized of them, had left by will half of them 
to Margaret, and the other half to Matthew, the said 
Richard and the others had ejected the plaintiffs vi 
et armis, in the middle of the night, and had done 
other malicious injuries and damage to them. The 
sheriff had been ordered to attach the said Richard 
and the others, and to have their bodies before the 
king at this term ; and they did not appear. Their 
pledges are therefore in misericordia ; and the sheriff 
is ordered to distrain them, etc., and to produce them 
at the Octaves of Michaelmas. 

A.D. 1279. Hilary term. — The jurors said that 
Gilberttis le Fraiinccis did not hold the manors of 
Basteldene and Ashamstede, neither of Willelmus 
de Bello Campo, Earl of Warwick, nor of Christiana 
de Marisco, the land being worth 16 lib. per annum; 
and he had never made homage nor fealty neither 
to the said earl nor to the said Christiana, but the 
said manors are held of the king in capite. 

A.D. 1280, 6th of January. — Royal grant to William 
Garlaund of the custody of the lands late of Gilbert le 
Fraunceis, deceased, in Bastelden', and of that of the 
manor of Nettlebuddle, all in the king's hands ; also 
10/. a year paid to the king by Alice, late wife of 



BERKSHIRE. 21 

Henry Dyne, deceased, for the custody of the lands 
late of the said Henry, which has been granted to her 
by the king during the minority of the heirs of the 
said Henry. All to be held by the said William dur- 
ing the minority of the heirs of the said Gilbert and 
Henry, and of the heirs of the said manor. Dated 
at Winchester. 



WALLINGFORD. 

The first record observed of the surname of 
Fraunceys identified with this borough is that of 
Puce la Frau7iceise, who made a grant of land here 
to the priory of Wallingford. 

A.D. 1 23 1. — Roll of the fifteenth year of Henry HI., 
Clement and Robert le Franceis being provosts or 
reeves. On the reverse of this roll is an entry in 
Latin, somewhat mutilated, of which the following 
is a part: "Delivered by Robert le Franceis, For 
parchment, 2d. To Henry, the Clerk, for his service, 
55-. At the visit of the lord the King, on the day 
of the Epiphany, to the Serjeants of the market, \d. 
For hens for a present which was made to the Earl 
and the Bishop of Cardoil [Walter Mauclerk, Bishop 
of Carlisle], . . . j\d. For repairing the pillory and 
trebuchet [cucking-stool], \(y\d. To the prebend of 
the lord the King, yj-. 8i^. [? For repairing] the wall 
before the door of James, the Chaplain, \d. At the 
coming of the lord the King to Walingford, . . . for 



2 2 BERKSHIRE. 

hay and oats, '$)d. At the first coming of the Countess 
[Isabel, who had been married the year before], 
providing in her behalf, from John. . . . To the 
Mayor, when he went to London, on the matter of 
Craumerse. . . . For the first journey, when Robert 
le Frajiceis went to Burchamstede, [for one horse 
hired] 6rt'., to the carrier [indistinct] 2d., for expenses 
8W. For the second journey, for one horse hired 
6d., for the carrier, . . . when Alexander Dublet went 
with him, 2\\d. For putting an edging on the robe 
of, . . . For a present sent to the Lord Bishop of 
Cardul [Carlisle] at Huntercumb, 5^-. \d. To the 
clerk. . . ." The Bishop of Carlisle was at this time 
Lord Treasurer, but soon afterwards he lost the 
ofiice. 

A.D. 1232. — Burghmote Roll for the 16 Henry III. 
" Robert le Franceis makes plaint against William 
de Radelee that he came to his land and made a 
certain ditch there, and cursed him, the loss by 
which he would not have had for 12^/., or the shame 
for 2s. ; and he now brings, etc. The matter is put 
in respite until this day fortnight." 

As we find Robert le Franceis and Henry, the 
clerk, named in the year 1231, while the former 
is mentioned again in 1232, and as both these names 
appear as witnesses to the following charter, it is 
inferred that its execution must have been about this 
period. 

Roger de la Grene Lane, of Henley, with the 



BERKSHIRE. 23 

assent of Alice, his wife, grants to John Hentelune, 
of Wallingford, the messuage which Godwin Lange- 
wain some time held in the parish of St. Leonard, 
and one acre in Chalfmore, between the land of 
William Fitz-Simon and that which belonged to 
Cristina Dudde; he rendering the yearly service due 
to the lords of the fees, and to him, Roger, one pair 
of white gloves, value one half-penny, at Easter; he 
having received forty shillings sterling beforehand. 
Witnesses : Peter Pekoe, mayor, etc. ; Robert le 
Franceis ; Henry, the clerk; and the whole Burgh- 
mote of Walingford. 

The roll of the Burghmote of this place held on 
Thursday after the feast of St. Vincent in the year 
1275 ends with a plaint hy John Ic Fraiiccys against 
Osbert de Miller, to the effect that he sold to the 
said Osbert one acre and a half of land for forty 
shillings sterling, and that. . . . 



READING HUNDRED. 



SOUTHCOT. 



A.D. 1286. 26th of April. — Protection with clause 
volumus for one year for Hugh le Fraunceys, of 
Suthcote, going beyond seas with King Edward I., 
who about this time went on a mission to make 
peace between Alphonso, King of Arragon, and 
Philip the Fair, King of France. 



2 4 BERKSHIRE. 

RIPPLESMERE HUNDRED. 

WINDSOR CASTLE. 

^^ 1355 John de Alkeshull and William Freiishe 
were ordered to provide timber, stone, tiles, and 
other necessaries for Windsor Castle, as well as 
for the palace of Westminster and the town of 
Calais. 

About the ninth or tenth year of Richard II. 
(1385-87) Giles Frcnssh was the warden of the ward- 
robe in the castle of Wyndesore. 



THEALE HUNDRED. 

SULHAM. 

A.D. 1 34 1. — Willclmiis Ic French, Willelmus ate 
Bour, Alar' de Solham, and Gilbertus ate Welle, 
jurors, say upon their oath that the ninth part of 
sheaves, fleece, and lambs, granted to the king is 
worth 7i marks with "la Hide de sancto Philiberto," 
which is without the extent of the church of Solham, 
and is valued at half a mark. 



BUCKINGHAMSHIRE. 



GENERAL. 

A.D. 1203-4. — At the pleas in the King's Court 
at Westminster in fifteen days after Holy Trinity in 
the fifth year of the reign of King John, between 
Muriel filia Willielmi, plaintiff, and Hugo de Pite- 
brigg and Matilda, his wife, defendants, concerning 
one carucate of land with its appurtenances in Pite- 
brigg', the defendants called to warrant Hiemiricus, 
Master of the Knights' Temple, who made Robertus 
le Franceis his attorney. 

A.D. 1290. — Bogo de Clare was attached to answer 
to Johannes le Waleys, clerk, because when this 
Johannes, on the Sunday in the feast of Holy Trinity 
last, in the king's peace and for the Archbishop of 
Canterbury went into the house of the said Bogo, in 
the city of London, and there delivered a certain 
writ of summons, some persons of the household of 
the said Bogo, by force and against his will, made 
this Johannes chew this writ, and also the appended 
seal ; and they imprisoned him there, beat, and ill- 
treated him against the peace of the king to a dam- 
age to this Johannes of 20/., and also 1,000/. in 



26 BUCKINGHAMSHIRE. 

contempt of the king. And therefore he had brought 
this suit. 

And Bogo came and defended himself against the 
accusation and the contempt to the king and his 
peace, and said that it does not appear to him that he 
should be answerable for this complaint, as Johannes 
says in his accusation that certain persons of the 
household of Bogo had committed the transgression 
without giving: their names, as is the custom in the 
court; and, as Johannes in his complaint does not 
say that Bogo was the transgressor, or that he 
ordered it, he begs judgment. 

And Johannes, when asked if Bogo had made the 
transgression or ordered the same, said no, but that 
it was some of his household, of whose names he was 
ignorant. 

But for the contempt for the holy church and the 
king, and for being a bad example for the future, and 
as the transgression was made within Bogo's doors 
and by his domestic servants, and because it was 
testified that certain persons of his household — viz., 
Henricus de Braban and five others — were the prin- 
cipal doers in this transgression, Bogo is com- 
manded to have them and the others of his family 
before the king in fifteen days of Holy Trinity to do 
and accept what should be ordained by the king and 
his council. 

On which day the aforesaid Bogo came before the 
king and his council with all his family, except 



B UCKINGHAMSHIRE. 



27 



the said Henricus and the five others, who had 
departed and disappeared. And the jurors said that 
the aforesaid Henricus and the others made the trans- 
gression without the order and assent of Bogo, who 
did not know anything about it until after it was 
done ; and it was decided that Bogo should be 
released at present without any day being given 
for a further hearing. And the said Johannes le 
Waleys, if it seems to him best, may follow the suit 
against the principal perpetrators. 

And, further, Thomas de Turbervill of co. Here- 
ford, Walterus de Molesworth of co. Huntingdon, 
Willelmus de Melkesham of co. York, Simon de 
Ludgate of co. Somerset, David le Grant of co. 
Hertford, and Willelmus Frannceys of co. Bitcking- 
ham, became the manucaptors of the aforesaid Bogo, 
for his appearing before the king to answer in case 
the aforesaid perpetrators were convicted and the 
king should desire his attendance. 



ASHENDON HUNDRED. 

ASTON AND ILMER. 

A.D. 1328, 1 8th of February. — Commission of oyer 
and terminer to Robert de Ardern and others on 
complaint by John Blaket that Maurice Drauswerd, 
Matilda, late the wife of William Beausamys, Thomas 



28 BUCKINGHAMSHIRE. 

Beausamys, William de Clynton, Roger le Frensh, 
William Hosebond, John de Poghele, William 
Jordan, and others broke his houses at Aston and 
Ilmere in this hundred, and Adynton, in Buckingham 
hundred, took away twenty horses, twenty mares, 
sixty oxen, forty bullocks, forty cows, and two hun- 
dred swine, worth 200 marks, and felled and carried 
away his trees. 

BORSTALE. 

A.D. 1 2 1 3. — Walter Borstard by a charter granted 
to Sir John Fitz-Nigel half a hide of land in Borstall 
for a yearly rent of ten shillings and one mark of 
silver in hand. Among the witnesses was Thomas le 
Francevs. 

BRILL. 

A.D. 1254-55. — Among the jurors of the royal 
manor of Brehull was Galfridiis le Franceys. 



PITCHOT. 

This manor is of special interest to the surnames 
of Fraunceys and Vernon. William de Vernon, 
Lord of Harlaston, held in the year 1234 one fee in 
this place of the honor of Wallingford, and, in 1235, 
paid 20^'. scutage for one knight's fee and a half. 

He married the heiress of Stockport toward the 



BUCKINGHAMSHIRE. 29 

end of the reign of King John, which, we infer, is the 
period of the following charter, made in their favor, 
by her brother, Robert de Stockport. A printed 
copy of this document is given by the Rev. John 
Watson, from which the translation is made. This 
grant shows that her name was Margery; but the 
assize of which we give an ensuing record, taken from 
the Staffordshire Historical Collections, shows the 
great-grandmother of Richard de Vernon (the great- 
grandson of William de Vernon) was Matilda, which 
was the same pr^nomen as borne by the mother of 
Robert de Stockport, the grantor of this charter. 

Know all, as well those present as those to come, 
that I, Robertus de Stokeport, have granted and con- 
ceded, and by this my present charter have confirmed, 
to Willielmus de Vernon, and Margeria, his wife, for 
his homage and service, as the right and inheritance 
of the aforesaid Margeria, my sister, all the land of 
" Marpel et Wibereslee," with all the appurtenances, 
in wood and plain, in waters and pastures, and in all 
other places and liberties, — viz., within these boun- 
daries, as I ascend from Hiderlektop in Mersee to 
Guit, and from Guit to Wibberlektop, and from Wib- 
berlektop to the highway, and as I descend from the 
highway to Kartelacke, and from Kartelacke to 
Huiderlektop, and from Huiderlektop to Mersee. 
To have and to hold to him and his heirs of me and 
my heirs, free and quit of all services and exactions. 



3 o B UCKINGHAMSHIRE. 

by finding one forester in the forest of my lord, the 
Earl of Chester, — viz., Maklesfeld ; saving for my 
lord, the Earl of Chester, the right of hunting with 
hawks, falcons, and sparrow-hawks. Hiis testibus, 
Philippo de Orrebi tunc Justiciario Cestrie, Hugone 
Disp(ensar)y, Rogero de Meinewaring, Willielmo de 
Venables, Ricardo Phitum, Jord, de Bredburi, Bene- 
dicto de Wurth, Rogero de Dunes, et multis aliis. 

An assize of the fourth regnal year of King Ed- 
ward II. (1310-11), of last presentation to the church 
of Pychecote, the advowson of which the prior of 
Great Malverne claimed against Richard de Vernon, 
3d ; and he stated that his predecessor, William de 
Ledbury, formerly prior, had presented to the church 
one John de Teynton, who had been admitted and 
instituted in the reign of King Edward I. 
• Richard (de Vernon, 3d) stated that he was seized 
of the manor of Pychecote, to which the advowson of 
the church was appurtenant, and that one Matilda de 
Vernon, his great-grandmother (proavia), and whose 
heir he is, was formerly seized of it, and had pre- 
sented to the church one William de Pychecote, her 
clerk, who had been admitted and instituted in the 
time of King John, and from the said Matilda the 
right descended to one Richard (de Vernon, 2d) as 
her son and heir, and from Richard who died s. p. to 
one Robert (de Vernon) as brother and heir, and from 
Robert it descended to one Hawys, as daughter and 



BUCKINGHAMSHIRE. 31 

heir, and from Hawyse to Richard de Vernon (3d), 
who now sues as her son and heir; and he stated 
that when the prior's predecessors made the two first 
presentations, which had been detailed, he, the said 
Richard (2d), was under age, and that, at the time the 
prior's predecessor presented William de la Lade, one 
Gilbei^t Fraiinceys, formerly husband of the said 
Hawyse, held the manor of Pychecote by courtesy 
of England, and, at the time William de Wykkewane 
was presented to the church, Hawys was under the 
power (sub potestatem) of Gilbert {le Fraunceys), her 
husband, and, at the time of the two previous 
presentations, the said Richard (de Vernon), son of 
Matilda, the great-uncle of the defendant, was under 
age, and all this he was prepared to prove. A jury 
found in favor of Richard de Vernon (3d), and gave 
him 10 marks for damages, the value of the half 
year of the church, the tempus semestre not having 
elapsed. 



AYLESBURY HUNDRED. 

BLEDLOW. 

A.D. 1292, April 8. — At this date there is a record 
of Isabella, daughter of Willelmus le Frauiiceys of 
Bledelawe. 



3 2 B UCKINGHAMSHIRE. 

COTTESLOE HUNDRED. 

LINSLADE. 

A.D. 1340-42. — The value of the ninth in the parish 
of Linchelade, by the statement of Rogerus Ambroys, 
Hugo le F7'-e7isschi\ Hugo Michel, Johannes le Wary- 
ner, Johannes in le Hurne, and Ricardus le Clerk, is 
10 marks, and not more, as two hundred acres of 
land in this parish lie uncultivated on account of the 
poorness of the soil, and the glebe of the church 
together with the meadow and pasture, which is not 
included in this account, is worth 40-y. this year. 



DESBOROUGH HUNDRED. 

GREAT MARLOW and HAMBLEDON. 

A.D. 1254-55. — The jurors state that the Earl of 
Gloucester (Richard de Clare IV.) has, and his an- 
cestors always had, view of frankpledge in Merlawe 
and Hamelden. They also found that Gvydo le 
Franceis was among those in default. 

HIGH WYCOMBE. 

A.D. 1347, 13th of September. — John de Haveryng- 
doune, of Wycombe, grants to Robert Beneyt and 



B UCKINGHAMSHIRE. 3 3 

Emma, his wife, a pightel of meadow in the street 
Bynuthebrugge, running down to the rivulet. No 
consideration is mentioned. Among the witnesses 
are John de Sandwelle, Mayor, and Geoffrey le 
Freynche. 

HUGHENDON. 

A.D. 1340-42. — The value of the ninth in the parish 
of Huchendene, by the statement of Gilbertus le Ser- 
jeaunt, Symon le Smyth, Johannes ate Coumbe, 
Ricardus le Frejisscke, Galfridus Taillefer, Alexander 
de Coleshull, junior, and Alexander le Cok, is 23 
marks, and not more, as three hundred acres of 
land and more lie uncultivated, partly from the poor- 
ness of the soil and partly because of the poverty of 
the parochians, who have no animals for ploughing 
or seed for sowing, and to the glebe of the church of 
this place belong fifteen acres of arable land with 
meadow : the sheep died with their lambs. There 
are no merchants or catallarii in the parish. 



34 BUCKINGHAMSHIRE. 

NEWPORT HUNDRED. 

HANSLOPE. 

At an inquisition made in this county in the 
seventh year of the reign of King Edward I. (1278- 
79) the jurors say that Lord Willelmus de Bello 
Campo (IV.), Earl of Warwick, holds the entire 
manor of Hamslap, with the advowson of the church, 
in capite of the king by the service of one knight's 
fee and two serjeanties. 

Among the free tenants of this Earl of Warwick 
in this place was Robertiis Ic Franceys, who held 
eighteen acres of land, rendering for the same to the 
said earl i2d. per annum, and scutage when assessed. 



STOKE HUNDRED. 

LANGLEY cum WYRARDISBURY. 

A.D. 1340-42. — The value of the ninth in the 
parish of Langeleye cum Wyrardesbury, by the state- 
ment of Willelmus Martal, Willelmus le Prestwyk, 
Johannes le Frensschc, Johannes in le Hale, Johannes 
ate Pleystowe, and Ricardus le Hertrugge, is 49 
marks, and not more, because eighty acres of land 
lie uncultivated which formerly were ploughed and 
sowed, and there are no merchants or catallarii in 
the parish. 



B UCKINGHAMSHIRE. 3 5 

UPTON. 

A.D. 1340-42. — The value of the ninth in this 
parish, according to the staterhent of Johannes de 
Keynes, Nicholaus le Forester, Walterus de Tappe- 
lowe, Johamies le Frensschc^ Symon le Clerk, and 
Ricardus Sywet, is 20 marks and not more, because 
the belongings of the church of this place are not 
in this account, and there are no merchants or 
catallarii. 

1164715 




CAMBRIDGESHIRE 



GENERAL. 

A.D. 1241-42. — Among the free tenants of the 
Bishop of Ely, in the bailiwick of Gervas' in this 
county, ,were Williclmiis Fraiinccys and Thomas de 
Morwode, who hold half a virgate of land for half a 
mark. 

CAMBRIDGE CITY. 

A.D. 1 1 99, 9th of May. — Essoins, etc., in three 
weeks of Easter. Ricardus de Munfichet essoins 
himself by Willielmus de la Hage and Johannes 
Franceis in a plea versus the Jews of Cambridge, 
concerning service due the lord the duke. 

A.D. 1273-75. — Ricardus le Frannccys was one of 
the jurors in a plea between the king's mother and 
the Bishop of Ely, in regard to the Hospital of St. 
John at Cambridge. 

A.D. 1278-79. — Verdict of the jurors of the borough 
of Cambridge. 

Johannes le Franceys and Margaret, his wife, hold 
for their lifetime one messuage on which they dwell, 



CAMBRID GE SHIRE. 3 7 

in the parish of Saint Edward, as a gift of the abbot 
and convent of Teleteye (Tiltey). The abbot and 
convent held it, however, as a gift of the before- 
mentioned Johannes and Margaret by a chirograph 
levied in the lord's court. Margaret held the said 
messuage as lawful heiress after her deceased mother, 
Alicia Scolice, and Alicia held it by lawful inheri- 
tance after the decease of her ancestors ; and they, 
Joha7ines and Margaret^ render yearly to the bailiffs 
of Cambridge, who have the said vill in fee farm, a 
hagabulum (tax) of id., by the assignation of the 
abbot and convent. 

The said Johannes and Margaret, his wife, hold 
also one messuage in the parish of Saint Mary of 
Cambridge, which messuage the said Margaret had 
purchased of Robertus de Houton, who had inherited 
it after the decease of Robertus de Houton, his 
father, who held it by ancient purchase (de antiquo 
perquisito) ; and they, Johannes and Margaret, pay 
for the same yearly 7^. to the heirs of the said Ro- 
bertus de Houton. 

Johannes and Margaret hold also in the same 
parish a vacant lot of ground which the said Mar- 
garet purchased of Master Thomas de Sancto Ed- 
mundo, who had it as a gift from Walterus, his 
father, who held it by inheritance from his ancestors. 
Johannes and Margaret pay yearly for the same half 
a mark to Lucas de Sancto Edmundo. 

Johannes and Margaret hold also in the parish of 



38 CAMBRIDGESHIRE. 

Saint Andrew one messuage, which descended to the 
said Margaret by lawful inheritance after the death 
of Alicia Scolice, her mother, and the said Alicia held 
it by inheritance after the decease of Matilda Scolice, 
her mother, who held it by inheritance from her 
ancestors ; and Margaret gives yearly for the same 
1 8^. to the Bishop of Ely, but the jurors do not know 
by what warrant the bishop collects the rent. 

Johannes and Margaret, his wife, hold in the parish 
of Holy Trinity one messuage, which descended to 
the said Margaret by inheritance after the decease 
of Alicia, her mother, who inherited it from her 
parents ; and \k\^^, Johannes and Margaret, give yearly 
for the same \^d. to the heirs of Robertus de Hou- 
ton, and a tax of \d. to the bailiffs of Cambridge, who 
hold the said vill in fee farm. And they give a haga- 
bulum. 

A.D. 1340-42. — The Inquisitiones Nonarum show 
that Jaeobus Frenssh of the Warda de Foro was 
assessed for 6</. 



CHESTERTON HUNDRED. 

CHESTERTON. 

A.D. 1279-80. — At an inquisition made in the eighth 
year of the reign of King Edward I. the jurors testi- 
fied that the lord the king has no demesne manor in 



CAMBRIDGESHIRE. 39 

his hands in the hundred of Cestreton ; but they 
assert that King John had the vill of Cestreton with 
its appurtenances, but in the first year of his reign 
(i 199-1200), he had given the demesne manor of 
Cestreton, with rent, homage, and custom, to the prior 
and convent of Bernewell (Barnwell) in Cambridge. 

Jacobus de Hyston holds one acre of land, by 
charter, of Robertus le Franccis^ giving him for the 
same \d. per annum. 

The scholars of Mertone hold one messuage, 
twenty-four acres of arable land, and three acres of 
meadow, of the fee of Harvey Dunnyng, giving yearly 
to the prior of Bernwell, for the said tenement and its 
appurtenances, 6^^., etc. 

Robertus le Franceis holds from ancient time one 
messuage and twenty-one acres of land, giving to the 
prior of Bernewell 3-?., to the rector 6d., and to the 
scholars of Merton i^d. 

Johannes de Wyke and Agues le Fran eels hold, as 
customary tenants, one messuage and ten acres of 
land, giving to the aforesaid prior 26;^rt'. 

Walterus Beine and Bartholomeus Mercator hold, 
as customary tenants, one messuage and four acres 
of land, giving yearly i4</. to the said prior; and the 
said Bartholomeus holds half an acre, by charter, 
giving yearly id. to Robertus le Franceis. 



40 CAMBRIDGESHIRE. 

CHILFORD HUNDRED. 

CAMPS. 

A.D. 1278-80. — Johannes Fraiinceys holds one mes- 
suage, containing one rood of land, and three acres of 
land in Campes, for a rental of 3-s-. per annum, and in 
scutage one hen and five eggs. Otherwise the ar- 
rangement is the same as that of Isabella Textrix, of 
whom we gather no information. 

Robertus de Vere, Earl of Oxford, holds in Campes 
in capite of the king, by barony ; and he has in this 
place free warren, view of frankpledge, and tumbrel. 

Robertus le Franeeis is among the customary ten- 
ants of this Robertus de Vere ; and he holds fifteen 
acres of land with messuage, and gives yearly 5^., and 
he has to provide two men for five days' harvest 
work, which is valued at 10^/., and he must assist at 
hay time, which is valued at a half-penny. 



FLENDISH HUNDRED. 

TEVERSHAM. 

A.D. 1278-80. — The jury found that Willelmus de 
Swafham, formerly rector of the church of Theves- 
ham, had encroached on a certain way, called La 
Barre, one foot in breadth and twelve perticas in 



C A MB RID GE SHIRE. 4 1 

length. They also found that Willelmus Franceys 
had encroached on the common road one foot in 
breadth and three perticas in length ; and they 
further stated that Robertus Franceys had encroached 
upon the royal road one foot in breadth and six 
perticas in length. 

Thomas de Warbilton holds in capite of the king 
sixteen virgates and eight acres of land in Thevers- 
ham, by serjeanty. A Walrafuns de Muirteus held 
half of the aforesaid land of the said Thomas, which 
tenement Thomas Peferel now holds, but the jurors 
do not know for what service. 

Alicia Franceys holds of the said Thomas Peferel 
eleven acres of land, giving weekly two days' work 
from the feast of St. Michael until Hokeday (Hock- 
day), and from Hokeday until the feast of St. 
Michael four days' work weekly ; and she gives 
also two hens per annum, one at Christmas and the 
other at Easter, besides ten eggs. 

The fee of Richmond, in Teversham. 

Willelmus de Swafham holds six acres of land of 
Willelmus Franceys for a rent of 6^. per annum. 



42 CAMBRIDGESHIRE. 

LONGSTOW HUNDRED. 

EVERSDEN. 

A.D. 1278-80. — The recognitors said that Lord 
Robertus de Ho holds one knight's fee in the vill of 
Eversdon, of the honor of West Wardone, of WilHel- 
mus de Henner, and this Lord Willielmus holds in 
capite of the king. 

Rogerus Franceys holds three acres of land of 
Robertus de Ho. 

STOW AND HATLEY. 

A.D. 1278-80. — The recognitors said that Willel- 
mus de Stowe holds here one messuage, containing 
five acres, and one carucate of land, and the dower 
of his mother, containing one hundred and sixty acres 
of land, which he inherited after his father, who held 
it of the abbot of Ramsey, and this lord abbot holds 
it in capite of the king. 

Elyas Frauccys is a customary tenant of aforesaid 
Willelmus de Stowe, and holds of him one messuage 
and twenty acres of land, for which he has to give 
three days' work weekly, when summoned, excepting 
eight days at Christmas, eight days at Easter, and 
eight days at Pentecost. And he shall harrow one 
day in winter (hiems) and one in Lent, having on 
both days a meal. And he shall give a great loaf 



CAMBRIDGESHIRE. 43 

of bread at Christmas, besides three hens and one 
cock ; and Elyas himself, his wife, and one of his 
servants shall have a meal (prandium) once on one 
day (semil in una die). In the harvest he shall give 
two days' work with two men, and a third day with 
all his family that can work, except his wife, who has 
to take charge of her house ; and all of them shall 
have meals for the whole day. He shall be provost 
(praepositus) if the lord will so, who can tax (talliare) 
him after his own will. He cannot give his daughter 
in marriage without the consent of his lord. And 
this Elyas and three other customary tenants belong 
by inheritance to the aforesaid VVillelmus de Stowe. 
Elyas Franceys holds one acre of land of the 
serjeanty of the aforesaid Willelmus de Stowe, giving 
for the same \d. per annum. 



NORTH STOW HUNDRED. 

GIRTON. 

A.D. 1239-40. — Willelmus Franciscus holds half a 
virgate of land in Gretthone, of the abbot of Ramsey, 
by services. 

MADINGLEY. 

A.D. 1278-80. — Rogerus Wendut holds half an 
acre of land of WillelmMs le Frajiceis, of the fee of the 
Templars, for \d. per annum. 



44 CAMBR ID GE SHIRE. 

Johannes filius Simonis holds half an acre of land 
of Robertus le Frauceis, of the fee of the prior of 
Barnwell, for 'X,d. per annum. 

In the records of the last-mentioned year, most 
probably in Maddingley, we find that Nicholaus 
Alexander holds one rood of land of Willelmus 
Fraiiceis, of the fee of the prior of Bernewelle, for 
\\d. per annum. 

STANTON. 

A.D. 1278-80. — At an inquisition held at Cam- 
bridge it is found that Henricus de Cheney holds 
half a knight's fee in demesne in the vill of Stanton, 
both land and meadow, of Willelmus de Latimer. It 
belongs to the barony of Westnardon, and Willelmus 
de Latimer holds it in capite of the king. 

Amono- the villani of the aforesaid Henricus de 
Cheney is Walterus Frauuccvs, who holds fifteen acres 
of arable land and meadow, giving yearly 45. to the 
said Henricus. 

Walterus Fraitnceys shall also, after the festival of 
St. Michael, thrash for one day in his lord's barn, 
receiving his food. 

If he has a daughter to give in marriage, she cannot 
marry without the consent of the lord ; and he shall 
give leyrwyte. 

And, if he has a young horse or a young ox which 
has worked, he is not allowed to sell them without 



CAMBRIDGESHIRE. 45 

license of the lord ; but, if they have not been used 
for work, he is allowed to sell them without per- 
mission. 

If his son works outside, he shall give to the lord 
two capons per annum as recognition of the lord. 
Also, if he has sheep of his own or belonging to his 
sons, he shall bring them to the lord's cattle-court 
with hurdles, to remain there from Michaelmas until 
Christmas; and it is valued at id. 

He shall also give two hens to his lord at Christ- 
mas, and they are valued at 2d. 

He shall also give ten eggs to his lord at Easter, 
and they are valued at a farthing. 

He, with his after-named companions, shall weed 
the lord's corn at their cost ; and it is valued at three 
farthings. 

And he, together with his companions, shall mow 
the lord's meadow, collect the hay, put it into cocks, 
and cover it ; and they receive for this work half an 
acre of meadow, which is called Denhalveker, and on 
the day when they cover it two men shall receive a 
bread at " nona " (about 2 p.m.), with two herrings or 
cheese, and the work is valued at \d. 

He shall gather his lord's corn (bladum) during 
three harvest days with two men daily, without food 
of the lord ; and every day's work is valued at 2d. 

He, with his companions, shall transport his lord's 
corn to be sold at " Cantebrugiam " or at Swavesheye, 
and this work is valued at a half-penny. 



46 CAMBRIDGESHIRE. 

He shall carry his lord's corn or straw at the har- 
vest, on one day, with one companion, when they shall 
receive food of the lord ; and the work is valued at -^yd. 

He shall carry, at his own cost, to the lord's home 
wood and fuel from whichever place it may be bought 
in the county of Cambridge (Cantebrugia) ; and it is 
valued at a half-penny. 

He shall harvest during three days with two men, 
each workman receiving food of the lord. During 
the first two days they shall have fish, cheese, and 
bread, without saltpetre (salvistrum) ; and on the third 
day they shall have bread, meat, cheese, and saltpetre. 
. . . Said villani of the said Henricus de Cheney have 
to perform these services and conform to the customs 
formerly accorded to Lord Aylbrede, namely: Wal- 
terus Frminccys shall thrash oats during one day with 
one man, having a meal at the ninth hour (ad horam 
nonam) of the day; and he shall plough half an acre 
once for sowing, and another half-acre four times. He 
shall harrow to cover the seed with one man and one 
horse, and it is valued at ^^d. He shall also carry off 
the stubble after the harvest, and shall then have bread 
with " companagium " (anything eaten with bread). 
He shall plough the land for planting the lord's flax 
(linum) after the ninth hour (post nonam horam) on 
one day, weed it, and cock it up. And fifteen other 
villani, holding tenements with land and meadow, 
give the same days' work of equal value as the afore- 
said WaUerus Fraunceys. 



CAMBRIDGESHIRE. 47 

PAPWORTH HUNDRED. 

GRAVELEY. 

A.D. 1278-80. — The abbot of Ramsey holds one 
demesne manor in this vill, with one hide and a half 
of land, and the advowson of the church. He also 
holds in tenancy two virgates of land, which he 
bought at the time of war from Lord Robertus de 
Comtone ; and the abbot granted it to several persons 
for their lifetime, one of whom is Robertus Frajiceys, 
who holds of the said abbot seventeen acres of land, 
giving him for the same 305. per annum, and ']d. in 
sheriff's aid. 

PAPWORTH ST. EVERARD. 

A.D. 1278-80. — In this place Gilbertus Fraiiceys 
and Rogerus Franceys were customary tenants of 
Lady Juliana de Beche, holding each half a virgate 
and paying each 10^. per annum. 



SWAVESEY. 

A.D. 1278-80. — Elena, widow of Alan le Zuche, 
and grand-daughter of Alan, Lord of Galloway, holds, 
as her dower, the vill of Swavese, by socage. It was 
an ancient franchise of the Zuches, Earls of Brittany. 



48 CAMBRIDGESHIRE. 

Elena holds four virgates and a half of sokeland in 
the same vill of Swavese, of which Willelmus Milde 
and MatJieiis Fratiiiccys hold one virgate, giving to 
the said Elena yearly ^\s. id., and two days of har- 
vest work, appraised at id., besides carrying the lady's 
corn, etc. 



STAINE HUNDRED. 

GREAT WILBRAHAM. 

A.D. 1278-80. — Lord Rogerus Loveday holds of 
the king in the vill of Magna Wilburham a tenement 
with its appurtenances, which had been held by 
serjeanty for the custody of a sparrow-hawk by a 
person named Pikot. 

Among the free tenants of this Lord Rogerus 
Loveday was Ricardus le Franceys, of whom there 
is a record that he holds half an acre and one rood 
of land. 

Nel de Chaunberlain gave a portion of his part of 
the vill of Magna Wilburham, which he held in 
capite of the king, to Robertus de Insula as a dower 
with one of his daughters, which tenement consisted 
of two hundred acres of land of the honor of Brit- 
anny, with ten customary tenants, each of them 
holding twenty acres of land and giving yearly work. 
This tenement, with its appurtenances, went by 
inheritance to a Robertus de Insula. 



CAMBRIDGESHIRE. 49 

Among the free tenants of this Robertus de 
Insula is Ricardiis Franceys, who holds two acres of 
land for a service of iT,d. 



SWAFFHAM PRIOR. 

A.D. 1278-80. — Reginaldus de Eylesham holds in 
Swapham Prior the homage which formerly be- 
longed to Lord Eborardiis Franceys. This Eborardus 
held once in demesne one hundred acres of land 
of the honor of Richmond, but of this hundred 
acres he sold sixty in free and perpetual alms to the 
prior of Anglesey. 



STAPLOE HUNDRED. 

BADLINGHAM. 

In a charter of 54 Henry III. (1269-70) the king 
grants to Alanns de Franceis free warren in Bodel- 
ingham, as well as land at Fencotes, in Yorkshire. 

At an inquisition held in the seventh or eighth 
year of the reign of King Edward I. (1278-80) it is 
found that Alanns le Franceys holds the whole 
manor of Badlingham for two knights' fees of the 
honor of Richmond, paying 20s. toward the " warda- 
gium " of Richmond ; and he makes one suit to the 
court of Badburham, and gives scutage. 



5° 



CAM BR ID GE SHIRE. 



The free tenants of Alamis le Franceys are the 
following: — 

Earl Marescallus holds in this place forty acres of 
land and meadow for \2d. per annum. 

Adam de Morle holds two acres of meadow for 
4^. per annum. 

Alanus Torel holds one messuage with fifteen 
acres of land for 2s. per annum. 

Robertus Overhe holds one messuage with fifteen 
acres of land for 4^-. per annum. 

Nicholaus de Marham holds six acres and a half of 
land for 3.$-. per annum. 

Adam del Cheshus holds three acres of land for 4^-. 
per annum. 

Thomas filius Nicholai holds one messuage with 
thirty acres of land for (^d. per annum. 

The abbot of Sybeton (in Suffolk) holds one 
messuage with one hundred acres of land in pure 
and perpetual alms, a gift of the ancestors of the said 
Alaiuis, with foldage. 

The abbot of Waledene (in Essex) holds nine 
acres of land in pure and perpetual alms, a gift 
of the ancestors of said Alanus. 

Alaiins Ic Franccvs has in same vill thirteen cus- 
tomary tenants, holding each one messuage with 
fifteen acres of land, giving i2d., with fifty-six days' 
work each per annum ; and each tenant has to till 
twenty acres of land, carry goods in wagon twelve 
leagues, and give the eighth part of the brewing and 



CAMBRID GESHIRE. 



SI 



one-fourth of the oats, besides three hens and ten 
eggs, and mowing one day, having food of the lord. 

Alanits Ic Frauceys has in same vill three cotarii, 
holding each one messuage with two acres of land, 
and giving yearly \d., with forty-eight days' work, 
two hens, five eggs, and carrying goods in wagons 
two leagues. 

In Fordham, near Badlingham, Alaiius Frauceys 
holds of the honor of Richmond. 

The following are his tenants : — 

Symon Breuston holds one messuage with fifteen 
acres of land for \os. per annum and suit at the 
court. 

Henricus Stolle holds one messuage with one acre 
and a half of land for 3^. \d. 

Willelmus le Spencer holds two acres of land 
for 3^-. Afd. 

Henricus, the son, holds three messuages with one 
acre and a half of land for 85-. per annum. 

Willelmus ad Ecclesiam holds one messuage with 
five acres of land for i5<7!'. per annum. 

Everardus Calmyn holds one messuage with three 
acres of land for 35-. \d. 

Henricus Hare holds one messuage with fifteen 
acres for \qs. per annum. 

Adam Breton holds one messuage with one acre of 
land for 3^. per annum. 

Andreas Toly holds one messuage with one acre of 
land for 3^-. per annum. 



52 



CAMBRID GE SHIRE. 



Commission for the assessment and collection of 
the thirtieth (for the war in Wales), which had been 
granted by the knights, " Liberi Homenes," and 
" Commimitas " of the county, upon condition that 
the " Magnates " should also grant the same. Teste 
Rege apud Rhuddlan, 28th of February, 1283. 

Alamis le Fraiiiiccys was an assessor and collector 
in this county. 

A.D. 1286,30th of April. — At the perambulation 
held at this date of the metes and bounds between 
the counties of Cambridge and Huntingdon Alanus 
le Fratmceys and Henricus de Lacy were among the 
jurors elected in the county of Cambridge. 

A.D. 1287, 20th of January.— Commission to Alaji 
le Fra2inceys and Henry de Lacy in the county of 
Cambrido^e to enforce the articles of the statutes 
made at Winchester [Statute of W^inton, 13 Edw. I.] 
for the preservation of the peace, which, as it appears 
by the complaint of divers persons, are not observed. 
This commission is issued because the justices 
appointed to take assizes in divers parts of the realm 
do not go every year as often as was ordained, 
whereby defaults in the execution of the statute can- 
not be presented. The above commissioners are to 
receive such presentations and otherwise attend to 
the execution of the said statute until the king's 
return, or until further order is made touching the 
said justices ; and they are to certify the king, or 



CAMBRIDGESHIRE. 53 

Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, supplying his place in 
England, at Westminster, in three weeks after Easter. 
Tested at Westminster. 

A.D. 1290, 14th of June. — Writ of election ad- 
dressed to the sheriff of Cambrido^e. 

Three knights to appear at Westminster in three 
weeks of St. John the Baptist, 15th of July, with full 
powers for themselves and the " Communitas " of the 
shire, to consent to what should be then and there 
ordained by the earls, barons, and certain others of 
the " Proceres " of the kingdom. Tested at West- 
minster. 

Alanus de Fra2inceys, Henricus de Lacy, and Ra- 
dulphus Fitz-Fulk were elected for Cambridge to this 
Parliament. 

A.D. 1297, 28th of August. — A writ was addressed 
to Alaiuis Fraunceys, commanding him, " in fide et 
dilectione," to appear at Rochester on Sunday, the 
Nativity of the Virgin (8th of September), with horses 
and arms, to hold a " colloquium " with " Edward " 
(the king's son, then lieutenant in England) and his 
council, on certain affairs concerning the king and 
kingdom, and to perform what should be then and 
there enjoined upon him. Tested at Tunbridge, 
28th of August, 1297. 

A.D. 1297. — After the battle of Stirling and the 
recovery of Berwick, Wallace, with his Scotch forces, 
marched into the northern counties of England. 
This resulted in a series of military summons, on the 



54 CAMBRIDGESHIRE. 

part of the English king, for the defence of his king- 
dom, of which the following may be given as an illus- 
tration, viz. : — 

That to Alaniis Fraunays recites that the Scots, 
in defiance of their homage and fidelity, have invaded 
England, committing depredations and other acts of 
violence, in consequence whereof the king had 
required the earls, barons, and the other " Magnates " 
and lieges of the kingdom to muster at Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne, on the feast of St. Nicholas (6th of 
December) under "Edward," the king's son, and lieu- 
tenant in England, for the purpose of repressing the 
malice and rebellion of the said enemies. "• Alainis 
Fraunceys " is therefore " affectionately requested " to 
appear in person, with horses and arms, etc., at the 
above-mentioned time and place, prepared and ready 
to proceed against the Scots. Witness, Edward, the 
king's son, at Westminster, 21st of October, 1297. 

The knights elected for this county to attend at 
the Parliament at York on the twenty-fifth day of May, 
1298, were Robertus de Hoo and Alamis Fraiiceys. 

A.D. 1300. — Alainis Ic Fraunceys^ knight, of this 
shire, obtains his writ de expensis for attendance at 
the Parliament at Westminster on the second Sunday 
in Lent (6th of March). Tested at Westminster, 20th 
of March, 28 Edward I. 

In the following year Alajms le Fraunceys is 
returned for this county to the Parliament held at 
Lincoln. 



CAMBRIDGESHIRE. 55 



BURWELL. 



A.D. 1273-74. — Appointment of two justices to 
take the assize of mort d'ancestor arraigned by 
Benedict, son of Hcrleiuin Fraujiceis, against Alice, 
daughter of Radulph, son of Alexander de Bures- 
weir, touching land in Bureswell. 



ISLEHAM. 

A.D. 1278-80. — Master Egidius de Briddeport holds 
the manor of Iselham Magna of Rosia, formerly wife 
of Walterus de Dunstanevile, which manor was 
formerly in the hands of the king, who granted it 
to Willelmus, son of Alanus, Lord of Meleham, for 
service of serjeanty, who gave it to Petronilla, his 
daughter, on her marriage to Walterus de Dunstane- 
vile, senior. 

Among the free tenants of Walterus de Dunstane- 
vile in this vill is Roberhts Franceys, who holds one 
messuage with fifteen acres of land for 20s., with suit 
to the court twice a year. 



THRIPLOW HUNDRED. 



A.D. 1278-80. — Johannes filius Walteri holds one 
messuage, with a garden containing three acres, one 



56 CAMBRIDGESHIRE. 

hundred acres of land and seven acres of meadow, 
of Lord Baldewinus de Sancto George for knight's 
service ; and this Baldewinus holds of Lord Ricardus 
Mussegros, and the jurors do not know from whom 
Ricardus holds it. It is of the fee of Peverel ; and 
the said Johannes gives scutage and 12c/. in sheriff's 
aid, and he gives \^d. to the bailiff for view of 
frankpledge, and half a mark for three years toward 
the warden of the castle of Cambridge. 

Thomas Mercator holds of Johannes filius Walteri 
one messuage containing half an acre and five acres 
of land for a service of 2^. \d. ; and he makes three 
days' harvest work, each day with two men, appraised 
at ^d. ; and he shall mow the lord's fern, appraised at 
id.; and collect it, appraised at 2d.; and thrash two 
quarters of corn and make malt, appraised at jd.; 
and he gives three hens and one cock, appraised 
at 4^. 

Robertus Frances and six others are holders of 
land, each having a tenement with the same duties as 
Thomas Mercator. 



FOXTON. 

A.D. 1275-76. — The jurors reported \\\2X Johannes 
le Fra7inceys, of Foxton, and some others, freemen 
of Ely, were accustomed to attend the king's leet 
through the county, but had withdrawn from such 
attendance. 



CAMBRID GE SHIRE. 5 7 

A.D. 1278-80. — The recognitors said that Lord 
Willelmus de Mortuomari holds in Foxton half a 
knight's fee of Lord Symon de Furnes for service 
of ^s. per annum and scutage. Simon holds it of 
the Earl of Britanny, and the earl of the king in 
capite ; and Mortuomari has view of frankpledge with 
the bailiffs of Britanny. 

Johannes Frazniccs is a free tenant of Willelmus 
de Mortuomari, and holds three roods of land and 
five roods of meadow for 1 2d. 

The recognitors said that Lord Willelmus de la 
Haie holds land in Foxton of the master of the 
Hospital of Saint John, in fee farm ; and this master 
holds it in pure and perpetual alms, a gift of the 
Earl of Maundewill, who holds of the king. 

Among the free tenants of Willelmus de la Haie 
is Johannes Fraunces, who holds sixteen acres of 
land with two messuages for Si-, dd. 

The recognitors said that the abbess of Chateriz 
holds land in Foxton, in pure and perpetual alms, 
of the Bishop of Ely. 

Among the free tenants of the abbess is JoJiannes 
Frances, who holds ten acres of land with messuage 
for 4^-. 2d., and six capons, appraised at <^d. 

GREAT SHELFORD. 

A.D. 1278-80. — Among the cotarii of Lord Ricardus 
de Frevil, of Scelford Magna, is Philippus Frances, 



58 CAMBRIDGESHIRE. 

who holds one rood of land and one messuage for 
service of 2.9. 4^/. 

Lady Agnes de Valence holds in Magna Scelford 
one messuage, with a garden containing three acres, 
one hundred and sixty acres of land and seven acres 
of meadow, in capite of the king, by serjeanty. She 
neither pays tax, makes suit, nor gives aid to the 
sheriff. 

Among the villani of Agnes de Valence is JoJianucs 
Fraiinces, holding a tenement for service of 2s. and 
two hens. 

NEWTON. 

A.D. 1278-80. — The prior of Ely holds the manor 
of Neuton and land in the field of Neuton and 
Haukeston. Among the cotarii here of this prior is 
Quinciwe France. 



WETHERLEY HUNDRED. 

COMBERTON. 

A.D. 1279-80. — The jurors stated that Johannes de 
Merk holds two carucates of land in the vill of Comer- 
tone in capite of his lord the king, by the serjeanty of 
tending two falcons and one dog in the service of the 
kino^ from Michaelmas until Candlemas. 

The jurors further show that of the said serjeanty 



CAMBRIDGESHIRE. 59 

nine acres of land were alienated to the Hospital of 
Schenegeya (Shengay) in this county, in tenancy of 
which Willelmus le Franccys holds five acres for ?>d. 
per annum. 

The jurors stated that the prior of Bernewelle 
holds seventy acres of land, of the serjeanty of Alex- 
ander Heved, for which the prior pays to the king a 
yearly rent of half a mark. 

Among the prior's free tenants in this place is 
Willelmus Ic Franceys, who holds twelve acres, by 
charter, for 4^-. per annum. 

A.D. 1279-80. — Appointment of two justices to take 
the assize of mort d'ancestor arraigned by John, son 
of Walter de Cumberton, against William le Fraun- 
ccis, touching land in Comberton. 

COTON. 

Circa a.d. 1200. — Appearances, assizes, pleas of 
land, etc. 

The assisa de ultima presentatione of the church of 
Cotes, between Ricardus Engaine, plaintiff, and Gau- 
fridus de Berges, is postponed until three weeks after 
the feast of Saint Michael for defective recognizance, 
because Ricardus Franceis and two others excused 
themselves by essoiners ; and others, including Osber- 
tus, the archbishop, neither came nor essoined them- 
selves. Therefore, they were attached to be present 
at Westminster on the aforesaid day. 



6o CAMBRIDGESHIRE. 

GRANTCHESTER, 

A.D. 1279-80. — The Earl of Lincoln (Henry de 
Lacy) holds in the vill of Grantecete one knight's fee 
in capite of the king. 

He has among his free tenants Dionisia, daughter 
of Gilbcrtiis and Gossc Ic Frauuccys, who holds nine 
acres and a half of land for 45. 3^. per annum. 



HARLTON. 

A.D. 1279-80. — Lady Ysabella de Paimtone holds, 
as marriage portion, in the vill of Harletone, one 
knight's fee of Lord Willelmus de Huntingfeld, and 
this Willelmus of the Earl of Gloucester, who holds 
of the king in capite. 

Free tenants of Lady Ysabella de Pauntone. 

Lord Johannes de Folkesworthe holds by the law 
of England (per legem Anglize) two hundred and 
forty acres of land, and renders scutage. 

Radulphus Lovel holds the third part of a knight's 
fee, and renders scutage. 

Among the free tenants of Lord Johannes de 
Folkesworthe is Ricardits Fraiuiccys, holding thirty 
acres of land, the marriage portion of his wife, for (^d. 
per annum. 

Radulphus Lovel has among his free tenants 
Johannes Fraitnceys, who holds ten acres of land for 
2s. 6d. per annum. 



C A MB RID GE SHIRE. 6 1 

Alexander Maudut, of Harletone, holds in the same 
vill half a knight's fee of the barony of Gilbertus de 
Pecche, by mesne of Rogerus de Pereres, of Norfolk, 
and owes suit to the county and hundred, and 12c/., 
in sheriff's aid, per annum, and is geldable to the 
king, and pays scutage to G. Pecche. 

Among the free tenants of Alexander Magaunt is 
Johannes Fraunceys, who holds six acres of land for 
2s. ^d. per annum. 

The recognitors said that Lord Edwardus, son of 
the king (afterwards Edward II.), holds the third part 
of a knight's fee in Harleton and Wytewell, of the 
honor of Leicester, a gift of the king; and he has 
view of frankpledge, assisa panis et cerevisiae, and 
gives scutage. 

Among the villani of Lord Edwardus is Johamies 
Fraunccys, who holds seven acres of land ; and his 
work for the same is valued at 6s. 2,d. per annum. 



ORWELL. 

A.D. 1279-80. — Lord Johannes de Cameys holds in 
Orewelle one knight's fee of the heirs of the Earl of 
Winchester, and this earl of the Earl of Gloucester, 
who held in capite of the king. 

Johannes Fraunceys is among the free tenants of 
the manor of Orewelle, holding ten acres of land, by 
charter, for 2s. per annum. Eborardus de Orewelle is 



62 CAMBRIDGESHIRE. 

another free tenant, holding one acre of land for '^d. 
per annum. 

In this same place and hundred Eborardus de Or- 
welle holds one hide, containino' one hundred and 
twenty acres of land and meadow, geldable to the 
king; and he holds by socage of Lord Henricus de 
Bokeswore, who holds of Ricardus de Frevile, who 
holds in capite of the king. 

Amono- the free tenants of Eborardus de Orewelle 
is Johannes Fraunccys, who holds four acres for 
2s. 6d. 



WIMPOLE. 

In this place Willcluuis Ic Franctys held half a 
knight's fee of the barony of Cristiana Ledet, and 
paid into the treasury in 1246-47 20^-. toward the 
scutage of Gascogne. His successor in this place 
appears to have been Ricardus Ic Franays, of whom 
we have the following records : — 

A.D. 1278-79. — Verdict before the king's justices at 
Cambridge by Willelmus de la Haye, knight, Ricar- 
dus Ic Fraiinceys of Wynepol, and others, jurors. 

Ricardits le Franccys defends in Wynepol half a 
knight's fee of the barony of Ledeth. He gives i2d. 
in sheriff's aid, 1 2d. for view of frankpledge, scutage 
when assessed, and is geldable to the king. 

The free tenants of Ricardus Ic Frannccys are the 
following : — 



CAMBRIDGESHIRE. (y^ 

Stephamts le Fraiinceys holds one messuage, con- 
taining half an acre, and ten acres of land for a half- 
penny per annum. 

Alamis Franceys holds one messuage and five 
acres of land for 5^^. 

Johannes Freeman holds one messuage and half 
an acre of land for id. and one pound of cumin. 

Henricus de la Grene holds one messuage and ten 
acres of land in villanage, and his work is valued at 
9^-. per annum. 

The coterelli of Ricaj^dus Ic Fraiinceys are : — 

Henricus Palmarius, holding a cottage for 3^. 

Matilda ad le Slow, who holds a cottage for \(^d. 

Rogerus Alvered and Walterus Taylur, holding 
two messuages and giving ^s. per annum. 

Thomas Molendinarius, who holds one croft for 9^-. 

Johannes Wycher holds a cottage for 3^. 

Ricardus de Kinardeby holds ten acres for 2s. 

A.D. 1278-79. — Willelmus de Bancys defends half 
a knight's fee of Willelmus de Mortuomari, and this 
Willelmus of G. de Pecche ; and Willelmus de Ban- 
cys gives 1 2d. in sheriff's aid, 1 2d. for view of frank- 
pledge. He owes one suit to the county and hun- 
dred, and ward to the castle, besides scutage. 

Among the free tenants of Willelmus de Bancys 
are : — 

Ricardus Ic Franceys, holding one messuage of 
half an acre and four acres of land for A^d. 

Alanus Franceys, who holds one croft and ten 
acres for \d. 



6 4 CA AfBRID GE SHIRE. 

A.D. 1278-79. — Johannes de Wratteworth holds 
land here of the Hospital of Schenegeya, belonging to 
the fee of Baldwinus de Bassingburn. He holds also 
of Robertas le Chaust and of Willielmus de Mortu- 
omari, who both hold of the said hospital. 

Johannes de Wratteworth has among his tenants 
Johannes Ic Franccys, who holds one acre for \d. 

A.D. 1287-S8. — The king to the sheriff of Hun- 
tingdon, greeting. Walterus de la Sale of Parva 
Stotton has shown that he in our court recovered 
seizin against Ricardiis Ic Fraunccys, of Wynepol, and 
Isabella, his wife, of five acres of land with its appur- 
tenances in Alkemundebury, in Huntingtonshire. 




CHESHIRE 



BROXTON HUNDRED. 

CODDINGTON. 

In the fifth year of the reign of King Edward III. 
(1331-32) a fine was made between John de Codyng- 
ton, clerk, and John Ic Frcnshc, of Codyngton, and 
Sibyl, his wife, concerning tenements in Codyngton. 

MALPAS. 

In the Recognizance Rolls of Chester, under the 
date of June 28, 1329, it is found that a John Frcnsh 
and Roger le Keng' gave to David de Eggerton 
recognizance for lo^-. The latter, with some others, 
gave to Master John de Turvill, parson of the moiety 
of the church of Malpas, in Broxton hundred, recog- 
nizance for 100/. 



MACCLESFIELD HUNDRED. 

HANDFORTH. 

In 1360 Edward, Prince of Wales, Earl of Chester, 
grants a pardon to William, the son of John de Hide, 



66 CHESHIRE. 

John, the son of WilHam de Hide, and HiigJi Freii- 
s/iii\ servant of Sir John de Hide, Knight, on the pay- 
ment of a fine of 200 marks by the said Sir John de 
Hide, Knight, on account of the death of Geoffrey, 
the son of John de Honford. 



MARPLE. 

As this place came by inheritance to Gilbert Ic 
Fraunccys through the Vernons and Stockports, it 
seems appropriate to give the following confirmation 
charter of Randolph de Blondeville, Earl of Chester, 
to Robert de Stockport, whose sister married William 
de Vernon. A copy of the original charter from 
which this translation is made is given by Rev. John 
Watson in his " Memoirs of the Ancient Earls of 
Warren and Surrey"; and we judge its execution was 
some time anterior to the year 12 10 from the fact 
that Philip de Orreby, the first witness, does not sign 
himself as justiciary of Chester, in which capacity he 
is found as a witness to charters after that date. 

Ranulfus, Earl of Chester, to his constable, steward, 
justiciars, sheriffs, barons, bailiffs, and all his men, 
greeting. Know ye that I have conceded and granted 
and by this my charter have confirmed to Robertus, 
son of Robertus de Stokeport, as his right and in- 
heritance, " Merpel ct Wibreslegam," with all their 
appurtenances, in bosc and plain, in meadows and 
pastures, in roads and paths, in waters and marches. 



CHESHIRE. 67 

and in all things belonging to these lands, and the 
land which Walterus held of aforesaid Robertus in 
Uptona, and one burgage in Macclefeld. To have 
and to hold to the said Robertus and his heirs of me 
and my heirs, in fee and free inheritance, quietly and 
entirely, by the service of forester, for all service ; 
saving to me and my heirs the right of hunting with 
hawks, sparrow-hawks, and falcons, in the woods be- 
longing to the aforesaid lands. And the aforesaid 
Robertus and his heirs, and their men, shall have the 
necessaries from the said woods without the wasting 
and destruction of my forest. Hiis testibus, Philippo 
de Orreby, Roberto Patt., Thoma Dispensatore, 
Warino de Vernon, Rogero de Mesnilwaring, Petro 
Clerico, Ricardo Phitun, David de Malo passu, Her- 
berto de Orrebi, Jord. de Bredbiry, Johanne Phitun, 
Ricardo Davenport, Rogero de Dunes, Willelmo de 
Stanlega, Ricardo Sutton, et multis aliis. Apud 
Macclefeld. 

6 Edward I. (1277-78). — Guntelinus de Badeles- 
mere, justice of Chester, is commanded to take into 
the king's hands all the lands and tenements of which 
Gilberttis Ic Fraimceis, who held of the king in 
capite, died seized. 

A.D. 1278. — In this year the Rotuli Parlamentorum 
furnish a memorandum that Robertus de Stokeport, 
Lord of Pointon, had formerly conferred certain lands 
and tenements belonging to the manor of Pointon, 
namely, Merpil and Wibberslege, in free marriage 



68 CHESHIRE. 

portion with his sister to Lord William de Vernum ; 
of which lands and tenements Gilbcrtns Ic Fi'-amiceys, 
lately deceased, was possessed and seized as heir of 
the aforesaid Willelmus cle Vernum ; and Lord Jo- 
hannes de Monte Alto claims the ward of these lands, 
according to the laws and customs of Cheshire, as 
of his fee and belonging to his manor of Poinnton ; 
which manor with all its appurtenances this Johannes 
holds as the dower of his wife ; and, as the queen has 
taken the lands in her ow^n hands, the said Johannes 
de Monte Alto asks the lord the king's favor for the 
same. 

Response. — He may come before Nicholas de Sta- 
pelton and W. de Seyham. 

SUTTON. 

In the twenty-second year of the reign of King 
Richard IL (1388-89) Willclinus Ic French is men- 
tioned, of Sutton Downes, within the forest of Mac- 
clesfield, as fifty years of age. 



NORTHWICH HUNDRED. 

MIDDLEWICK. 

In the year 1300, while this town was in the hands 
of the crown, Willcbuus Fraiiccis grants premises 
here to Willelmus Golde. 



CORNWALL. 



GENERAL. 

A.D. I20I. — Adam Franceis gives three marks to 
the king for his passage over the sea. He holds one 
knight's fee of Johannes de Monte Aciito, of the 
honor of Moreton. 

Circa 1250. — Among the free tenants of the 
Bishop of Exeter, in the county of Cornwall, was 
Nicholaiis Francigcna, who held half an acre for \2d., 
half a sheep, and ploughing the sixth part of an 
English acre, and giving aid at draining. 



PENWITH HUNDRED. 

ST. MICHAEL'S MOUNT. 

Nicholas Fraud sens (Farnigot) was elected abbot 
in 1 271, and died on the 12th of March, 1279. 

POWDER HUNDRED. 

TREGONY. 

At the valuation of the land and tenements of 
Lord Henricus de la Pomeray in Tregony, in Corn- 



70 CORNWALL. 

wall, made at Tregony on Sunday next after the 
feast of St. Gregory, in the twenty-first year of the 
reign of King Edward I. (1293), upon the oath 
of twelve jurors, it is found that among the free 
tenants of the same manor, holding for knight's 
service, was Odo Fraunccys, who holds one mes- 
suage, rendering 6^. at the feast of St. Michael. 



TRURO. 

Thirteenth century. — Release by Richard Franceis 
of Truveru to Drew de Penhal of a messuatre in 
Truveru, situate as described. Witnesses, Bernard 
Keustock, Robert Keustock, Drew de Truverbicham, 
Philip Eliot, Deui de Truveru, and others. 




CUMBERLAND. 



ALLERDALE WARD, ABOVE DERWENT. 

BRAITHWAITE. 

On the 26th of May, 1256, Nicholas de Moristeby, 
Nicholaus le Englays, Nicholas le Fraunceys, John 
Lanlauerd, and Adam de le Hou, of Braythweyt, 
Husacre, and Bottermere, held by feudal tenure 
under Alan de Moleton and Alicia, his wife. 



ALLERDALE WARD, BELOW DERWENT. 

CALDBECK. 

In the early half of the episcopate of Walter 
Malclerk, Bishop of Carlisle, as the patron of the 
church of this place, he presented as parson Johaiuics 
Francigciia, his clericus. 

"In December, 1231, John Francigena gives the 
king 20 marks, to have for life the close of the border 
[costera] of Warnel, which the abbot of Holcoltram 
enclosed and held in hand, and the ten acres of said 



72 CUMBERLAND. 

wood which the abbot assarted and cultivated by the 
king's Hcense, for half a mark to be paid to the king 
annually, as the abbot paid for the same, as fully con- 
tained in his charter; and Thomas de Muleton is 
commanded, after taking security, to give him seizin." 

"On Dec. 26, 1231, the king grants to the church 
of the Blessed Kentigern of Caldebec, and Jolni 
Francigcna, parson thereof, and his successors, the 
close of the ' costera ' of W'arnel, which the abbot of 
Holmcoltram, by the king's license, enclosed and 
held during pleasure, paying half a mark to Ex- 
chequer annually.'' 

" In the 1 6th year of the reign of King Henry the 
3d (1231-32) Walter, Bishop of Carlisle (Thomas 
fitz John for him), renders his account : Jo/ui Franci- 
gc7ia accounts for 20 marks to have in perpetuity a 
close of the 'costera' of Warnelle, which the abbot 
of Holcoltram enclosed and held in hand, and to 
have ten acres of same wood which the said abbot 
cleared and cultivated by the king's license, for half a 
mark to be paid to the king annually, as the said 
abbot paid for these acres and close, as more fully 
contained in the king's charters, and in his own char- 
ter thereof, a transcript of which is attached to the 
' Originale ' of the 1 7th year, bearing that the said 
close and ten acres of land shall forever remain with 
the said John and his successors, parsons of the 
church of the Blessed Kentegern of Kaldebec. He 
has paid it into the treasury, and is quit." 



CUMBERLAND. 73 

A.D. 1232, 12th of May. — Charter of King Henry 
III. confirming the donation of Johannes Francigena 
of the " costera " of Warnel to the monks of Holmcol- 
tram. 

Henry, by the grace of God King of England, etc., 
to the archbishops, bishops, etc., greeting. We have 
inspected the charter of JoJian7ies Francige^ia, parson 
of the church of Caldebec, as follows : Be it known to 
all, present and future, that I, Johannes Francigena, 
parson of the church of Caldebec, with the assent and 
will of the venerable Father W. (alter), by the grace 
of God Bishop of Carlisle, my ordinary and patron of 
the aforesaid church, and also with the consent of the 
prior and convent of Carlisle, for me and my suc- 
cessors have given and granted, and by this my 
present charter have confirmed to God, the blessed 
Mary, the house of Holmcoltram, and the monks 
serving God there, the moiety of the close of the 
" costera " of Warnel, except the cultivated land which 
lies near the moiety of the said monks, — namely, 
between the heds:e above the ditch which divided the 
land of the aforesaid monks from the king's forest, 
which is called Gresgartgil, toward the west, — 
which said close of the " costera " of Warnel the lord 
the king before had granted to the said monks to 
hold during his pleasure, — and the ditch called 
Wrothelegil, toward the east, as the "fossatum" of 
the said monks is extended from one ditch to the 
other, and the said cultivated land toward the north, 



74 



CUMBERLAND. 



which I held in my hands for me and my successors, 
which said moiety I have given to them, — namely, 
that moiety which is toward the west, according to 
the division made between me and the said monks. 
To be held by the said house of Holm and the monks 
there serving God, in perpetuity of me and my suc- 
cessors and of the church of Caldebec, as freely and 
quietly as I hold the said moiety of the lord the King 
of England, rendering for the same yearly to me and 
my successors and the church of Caldebec ^od. for 
all service ; so that neither I nor any of my suc- 
cessors, or our men, at any time shall have any com- 
mons, ingress or egress in the close of the moiety of 
the said monks. And, that this my donation may 
forever remain valid, I have appended my seal to 
this present charter. Hiis testibus, domino W(al- 
tero Malclerk) Karliolensi episcopi, R(adulfo) priore 
Karliolensi, G(ervase) de Louthir archdiacono ejus- 
dem loci, W. priore de Wedirhale, et aliis. There- 
fore, for the greater firmness of this donation and 
grant of the aforesaid Johannes, we, for us and our 
heirs, concede it to the aforesaid monks, and confirm 
it by our seal. Hiis testibus, J. Bathon, W. Oxon., 
et H. Ro£f., episcopis, H. de Burgo comite Kanciae, 
etc. Given by the hand of the venerable Father 
Radulfus, Bishop of Chichester, our chancellor, at 
Rading, on the twelfth day of May, in the sixteenth 
year of our reign. 

On the loth of February, 1233, Thomas de Mule- 



C UMBERLAND. 7 5 

ton of Egremund is commanded to take in the king's 
hand the ten acres of the border of the king's wood 
of Warnel and the close which the abbot of Holcol- 
tram held (and the king afterwards gave by charter 
to Jo/ian7ies le Fraiiceis, parson of Caldebec), and hold 
them till further orders. Westminster. 

Johannes Francigena, in 24 Henry III. (1239-40), 
owed half a mark to the king for the ten acres of 
land in the wood of Warnel. 

A.D. 1244. — Papal dispensation io Johannes dictus 
" Lefranceys" rector of Caldebec, in the diocese of 
Carlisle, to hold an additional benefice. Lyons, 19 
Kal. of January. 

A.D. 1247. — Innocentius IV. to Johaitnes dictus 
Francigena, rector of the church of Caldebec, in the 
diocese of Carlisle. 

On account of the praise accorded you for literary 
attainments, a pure life, and exemplary manners, and, 
as a further mark of our special favor and grace, 
besides the benefice already conferred upon you, we 
give you authority to receive an additional benefice 
for cure of souls in Scotland or Ireland, with the full 
belief you will not be neglectful of your duties in the 
cure of souls. Given at Lyons, the 5 Kal. of Septem- 
ber, in the fifth year of our Pontificate. 

A.D. 1249. — Innocentius, etc., to Johannes dictus 
Francigena, clericus of the King of England. 

Special grace to our dear son in Christ, on the 
solicitation of the illustrious King of England, as well 



76 CUMBERLAND. 

as for the merits attributed to you, we therefore 
resolve that, albeit you have been granted a dispensa- 
tion to hold an additional benefice in Scotland or 
Ireland, we will also that, besides this benefice 
granted with the cure of souls, you may also receive 
another, if granted in England, retaining those al- 
ready given you. Dated at Lyons, on the 8th Idus of 
June, in the sixth year. 

A.D. 1250. — Innocentius IV. to the Archbishop of 
York. 

We consider that our beloved son in Christ, Jo- 
hannes dictus Francigena, clericus of the illustrious 
King of England, whose life is adorned by honesty, 
by literary attainments, exemplary manners, and 
recognition at the apostolic see, deserves special 
grace, so that we command, notwithstanding his 
impaired sight and defect in one eye, that no hin- 
drance be given to his promotion to superior orders, 
and that he may keep his benefices, without scandal, 
for cure of souls. Dated at Lyons, 8 Kal. of October. 

The previous mandates of Pope Innocent IV. are 
a sufficient recognition of the esteem with which 
Johannes Francigena was held at the papal see. 
According to Robert de Chansey, Bishop of Carlisle, 
Johajines le Fi^annccys died as parson of Caldebeck. 
This must have been soon after the year 1250, as 
Alan was parson of Caldebeck before the year 1257. 
How long Alan remained parson is uncertain ; but 
the rectorship was vacant in 1267-68, when an in- 



CUMBERLAND. 77 

quisition was held in regard to the presentation and 
advowson of the church of Caldebeck. 



HOLMCULTRAM. 

Circa 1275. — By the following deed John, son of 
John de Ireby, quitclaimed to the lord abbot and 
the monks of Holmcultram all the right he had in 
the lands of Gillecruce, which William, his father's 
uncle and the son of Orim, gave to that house. 

To all faithful in Christ who shall see or hear this 
charter, Johannes, son of Johannes de Yreby, greeting 
in the Lord. Know ye that I, for myself and my 
heirs, have quitclaimed to the lord abbot and the 
monks of Holmcultram all the right and claim I had 
or may have in the land with its appurtenances which 
Willielmus, son of Orim, my father's uncle, gave and 
by his charter confirmed to them, in free and pure 
alms, in the territory of Gillecruce. And also know 
that I have quitclaimed so that neither I nor any of 
my heirs, or any one else on my part, can have any 
claim or right in the said land or its appurtenances. 
In testimony of which I have appended my seal to 
this present charter. Hiis testibus, Domino Waltero 
de Ulvesby archidiacono Carleoli, Domino Gilberto 
de feritate persona de Bounes, Th. de Morisceby per- 
sona de Ulvedale, Roberto vicario de Gillecruce 
decano de allerd', Willielmo francigena, Waltero 
Bonekil, et aliis. 



78 . CUMBERLAND. 

CUMBERLAND WARD. 

ROCKCLIFF. 

The manor of this place was anciently held of the 
barony of Burgh upon Sands. As to the time when 
this manor came into the possession of the family 
of Frainiceys appears somewhat obscure. Johaniies 
le Frauiiceys, however, evidently held it as early at 
least as the thirty-third year of the reign of King 
Henry III. (1248-49). T\\\s Johajuies le Fraunceys 
was the baron of the Exchequer, who held possessions 
in this county at the time of his death, which took 
place about the fifty-second year of the reign of 
King Henry HI. (1267-78), at which date his execu- 
tors gave surety. 

Soon after the demise of Johannes le Fraunceys., 
the manor of Rocliffe was held by one of his kins- 
men, a record showing that in the fifty-fourth year 
of the reign of Henry HI. (1269-70) the manor of 
Rocliffe was held by Gilbertiis le Fraunceys, who 
paid yearly 2^-. or one sparrow-hawk (the customary 
consideration to the fee of Burgh) to the grand- 
daughter of Hugo de Morville, who formerly held 
the barony of Burgh. She was the late Hellewisa, 
widow of a Ricardus de Vernon. 

This Gilberhis le Fraunceys., the son of Ricardus 
le Fraunceys, ist, married Haioisia de Vernon, said 
to have been a descendant from the baronial family, 



C UMBERLAND. 7 9 

the Vernons of Shipbrook. However, it is known 
that she was the daughter of Robertus de Vernon, 
and heir presumptive to her uncle Ricardus de Ver- 
non, 2d, who died without issue. Her grandmother 
was Matilda, or Margeria, de Stockport; and her 
grandfather, Willelmus de Vernon, who was chief 
justice of Chester in 1229-32. He was by descent 
Lord of Harlaston, in Staffordshire, which place, 
according to the Staffordshire Historical Collections, 
was given to Walter de Vernon (said to have been 
the ancestor of William de Vernon) by Matilda, 
widow of Randolph "de Gernon," Earl of Chester. 

The Calendarium Inquisitionem post Mortem 
shows the extended possessions of Gilbertiis le 
Fraunceys in the counties of Chester, Cumberland, 
Derby, and Westmoreland. Those of Chester and 
Derby, at least, must have been largely owing to his 
marriage with the heiress of Vernon. By Hawise 
de Vernon, his wife, he left children. Ricardus, the 
eldest son, was born in the forty-sixth year of the 
reign of King Henry HI. (1261-62); and there is 
also record of a daughter. 

This Ricardus le Fraunceys, 2d, appears to have 
ultimately inherited his mother's share of the Ver- 
non's possessions ; and he assumed the surname of 
her family. He was affianced to the daughter of 
Michael de Harcla before the death of his father, 
and afterwards, as a minor, married her. 

In the forty-third year of the reign of Henry HI. 



8o CUMBERLAND. 

(a.d. 1259) Gilbertus, son of Ricardiis le Franceys, 
ist, gives half a mark for an assize of novel disseisin 
held before Petrus de Percy. And the sheriff of 
Cumberland is commanded, etc. 

" On the 1 8th of August 1268, Gilbert le Fraunceys 
is among the belted knights who were, with others, 
on the inquest held at the castle of Maidens in 
the king's forest of Engilwode, before Roger de 
Lancastre, then seneschal of the king's forests ultra 
Trent, and William de Dacre, then sheriff of Cum- 
berland, and others of the king's lieges, in regard to 
certain rights of King Henry III. in Cumberland." 

The death of Gilbertus le Fraunceys is indicated 
by the following record of the sixth year of the reign 
of King Edward I. (1277-78), when Thomas de 
Normanvill, senescallus of the king, is commanded 
to take into the king's hands all the lands and tene- 
ments of which Gilbertus le Fraunceis, who held of 
the king in capite, died seized. 

Among the Escheats of this year it is found that 
Gilbertus le Franceys held Neuland, near by Sourby, 
with pasture there, and the vills of Rothcliffe and 
Caldebeck, in this county. 

A.D, 1278. — Thomas de Multon of Gillesland in- 
forms the lord the king that Gilbertus le Fraunceys 
held the manor of Boneclyve of himself and his 
barony, which he holds in capite, and therefore 
desires the custody of the son of the said Gilbertus 
until he is of age. 



C UMBERLAND. 8 1 

A.D. 1280, August 18. — The king granted to Will- 
iam de Garland the custody of the lands and tene- 
ments late of Gilberlus le Fraunceis, deceased, in 
Routheclyve, during the minority of his heirs. 

Among the executors of Gilbertus le Fraunceys 
was Adam le Fraunceys. 



LEATH WARD. 

KIRKOSWALD. 

At the inquisition held at York on the 26th of July, 
1269, Uctred le Franceys, of Kircoswald, was one 
of the twelve jurors from the county of Cumberland. 

A.D. 1275, loth of June. — Inquisition made at 
Carlisle before Philip de Wylghoby, the king's 
escheator ultra Trent, by Uctred Francisctis, of 
Kircosuwald, and others, who found that Robert de 
Warthewyc, sub-escheator in the county of Cumber- 
land, had ejected Sir Robert de Brus and Christiana 
(de Ireby), his wife, from certain lands in Gamelesby 
and Glassonby, and afterwards delivered five parts 
of the same to others, which Sir Robert and Chris- 
tiana afterwards recovered. 



DERBYSHIRE. 



GENERAL 



In the seventeenth year of the reign of Henry II. 
(i 170-71) Willilemus Franccis seems to be an out- 
law, as the sheriff of this county renders an account 
of 55-. c^d. for his goods. 

In the Revenue Rolls of the twenty-ninth year 
of the reign of Henry II. (1182-83), under the 
heading of Nova Placita, is a record of Armdfus 
Franceis, 

In the tenth or eleventh year of the reign of King 
John (1208-10) Ricardiis Franceis and Robertus de 
Stockport are found in the same rolls, under the 
Pleas of the Forests. 

The Nova Oblata of the Exchequer were old debts 
of which the sheriff levied something during the 
current year of his account, or those which were 
found in the originals and esteemed clear debts. 
Anciently from the estreats of this Oblata and from 
the roll of the preceding year was made the Annual 
Pipe Roll. 

In the Nova Oblata of the twelfth year of King 
John (1210-11) is the name of Robertus Franceis. 



DERB YSHIRE. 83 

22 Henry III. (1237-38). — The records of this 
year give the name of Willclnius le Franceis de 
Archelastre. 

25 Henry HI. (1240-41). — The name of Willdmus 
de Franceis appears on the Exchequer Rolls of this 
year. 

A.D. i2 79[-8o]. — Commission to hear a case be- 
tween Margery de Pentrich and Hugh Fraunceys. 
Given at Derley (Darley), Derbyshire, 1 1 Kal. April. 

20 Edward I. (1291-92). — Robertiis le Franceis 
was a debtor to the crown in this year. 



APPLETREE HUNDRED. 

BENTLEY. 

A.D. 1293-94.— Escheats of the twenty-second year 
of the reign of Edward I. 

One messuage and one bovate of land in Bentelegh, 
held by Johannes le Fraunceys, are taken into the 
king's hands. 

OSMASTON. 

A.D. 1 282. — Hugh de Gurneye, dwelling in Bolton 
by Derby, with the consent of his lords Robert de 
Saucheverel and Robert de Dethek, grants all his 
lands and tenements in Bolton and Alwaston to the 
abbot and convent of Parco Stanley in this county. 



84 DERB YSHIRE. 

Witnesses : William Ic Fraunceys de Osmundeston 
and others. At Derby, in the Vigil of St. James the 
Apostle. 

The printed pedigree of the family of Fraunceys, 
specially identified v/ith this county, indicates that 
William le Fraunceys, of Osmundeston, the witness 
to the previous record of the year 1282, was the 
ancestor of the Fraunceys of Foremark. It gives his 
father as John le Fraunceys, his grandfather as Will- 
iam le Fraunceys, both of Osmundeston, and his 
great-grandfather as Roberhis de Os77i2indeston, alias 
le Franceys, of Osmundeston. 

The pedigree shows that Willia^n le Fraujiceys, of 
Osmundeston, the witness named, married Agnes, 
daughter and coheir of Radulphus de Tykenhall, and 
that their son, Jo/ni le Fraunceys, was called of Os- 
mundeston and Tyckenhall, and that he married 
Margeria, daughter and heir of William Beaufoy, of 
Trusley, in this county. 

27 Edward I. (1298-99). — Galfridus Franceis de 
Osmundeston appears to be a debtor to the crown in 
this year. 



HIGH PEAK HUNDRED. 

HADDON, OR NETHER HADDON. 

William de Avenel held this place by knight's ser- 
vice. He had two daughters, coheiresses ; namely, 



DERB YSHIRE. 85 

Elizabeth, the eldest, who married Simon Basset, 
second feudal lord of Sapcote, County Leicester, and 
Avicia, the younger, who married Richard de Vernon, 
ist, of Harlaston. 

Among the grants in this hundred which were 
given to the church was that of One Ash, called in 
Domesday survey Aneise. This grange was given to 
the monks of Roche Abbey, in Yorkshire, soon after 
its foundation, by William Avenel, Lord of Haddon, 
and was included among the possessions of this 
abbey, which had the confirmation of Pope Urban 
in. about the year 1 185. 

Richard de Vernon, ist, with the consent of 
Avicia, his wife, and of William, his son and heir, 
confirmed all the land and pasture of his fee in this 
place which William Avenel gave ; and William 
Basset, grandson of William Avenel, confirmed the 
same. 

This Richard de Vernon, ist, had a license to 
fortify his house in Haddon with a wall, in the time 
of King Richard I., by John, Earl of Mortain, the 
brother of the king. 

William de Vernon, Lord of Harlaston, the son of 
Richard de Vernon, ist, previously named, had a son, 
Richard de Vernon, 2d, who confirmed the above 
grant, as well as what the monks held in Sterndale, 
they paying him and his heirs 153-. per annum at his 
manor of Haddon. 

In 37 Henry III. (1236-37) Richard de Vernon, 2d, 



86 DERB YSHIRE. 

held one fee in Haddon and Basselaw of Will- 
iam de Ferrars, Earl of Derby. 

In 53 Henry III. (1268-69) there are recognizances 
by Gilbert Fraiinceys and Richard de Vernon, 2d, of 
debt to Alienor (Eleanor of Castile), wife of Prince 
Edward, the king's son. 

I Edward I. (1272-73). — "Appointment of two 
justices to take an assize arraigned by Gilbert le 
Frauiieeis against Simon Basset touching common 
of pasture in Nether Haddon," which had formerly 
belonged to William Avenel, and which Gilbert 
claimed on behalf of his wife, Hawyse, the niece of 
Richard de Vernon, 2d. 

At an inquisition made at Derby in the third year 
of the reign of King Edward I. (1275) the jurors say 
that the villata of Eyum, the moiety of the vill of 
Netherhaddon, belonging to Gilbertits le Fraiinceys, 
has assize of bread and ale, but they do not know by 
what authority. 

The inquisition after the death of Gilbcrtus le 
Frauceys, held in the sixth year of the reign of King 
Edward I. (1277-78), shows that he held the manor 
of Haddon, the hamlets of Roulesley (Rowsley), 
Basselawe (Baslow), and Bubenhull (Bubnell), in this 
county. 

6 Edward I. (1277-78). — Mandate of the king con- 
cerning the lands of G{ilbert) de Fraiinceis, deceased, 
in Haddon, Bubbinghull, and Roulisleghe, to be 
delivered to Edmund " Crouchback," Earl of Lancas- 



DERBYSHIRE. 87 

ter, of whose fee these lands and tenements are held. 
They formerly were parcel of the barony of Johannes 
le Viscunt in Northumberland. 

A.D. 1278. — Letters close directing the steward to 
deliver to Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, all the lands 
and tenements of Gilbert le Franceis, deceased, a 
tenant-in-chief, which are of the fee of the said Ed- 
mund, and had been seized into the king's hands by 
his mandate, believing them to have been holden of 
the king in capite ut de corona, together with the 
mesne profits. Westminster, 1278, 4th of May. 

A.D. 1279. — Grant to Edmund, the king's brother, 
" hac vice," of the custody of the lands and tenements 
lately held by Gilbert le Fraunceys, deceased, holding 
of the king in chief, during the minority of the heirs 
of said Gilbert^ saving to the king the custody of the 
said lands, etc., when it shall otherwise fall in. 
Woodstock, 1 6th of February, 7 Edward L 

This grant appears to have been cancelled from the 
following memorandum in the margin: " Vacat quia 
restituta fui littera et cancellata." 

A.D. i2 79[-8o]. — Litterae Communes to the dean 
of Baukwell concerning the will of Gilbert le Fraun- 
ceys. Wlstaneston, 16 Kal. Aug. 

A.D. 1280. — Surrender and grant to Edmund, the 
king's brother, as his right, of the custody of the 
lands of Gilbert le Fraunceis, held by him of the said 
Edmund by knight -service, the king having pre- 
viously granted to the said Edmund the custody of 



88 DERB YSHIRE. 

all the lands and tenements of the said Gilbert, 
including those lands, during the minority of the 
heirs of the said Gilbert, as he understood that the 
said Gilbert held all his lands and tenements of 
himself by such service that the custody of all of them 
pertained of right to the king, provided that, if any 
land should hereafter come to the heirs of the afore- 
said Gilbert by inheritance or otherwise, the privilege 
of the crown as to such custodies hitherto accustomed 
should remain intact. Westminster, 26th of No- 
vember. 

In II Edward I. (1282-83) Gtilielnms le Fran- 
ceys held half the manor of Nether Haddon, with 
its members Basselow, Bobenhull, and Rowesley. 

In 30 Edward I. (i 301-2) Ricardus le Vernon, 
3d, held one fee in Haddon and Basselowe. 



PEAK CASTLE. 

The surname of Vernon seems to have been early 
associated with this castle, as we find from John Ley- 
land's work on " The Peak," in which he states that 
" Richard de Vernon, the first possessor of the name, 
was high steward of the Peak forest and constable of 
the castle." He married one of the Avenel heiresses. 
This assertion gives additional force to the usually 
doubtful authority of Burke, who states positively 
"that in the thirty-seventh year of the reign of King 



DERB YSHIRE. 89 

Henry III. (1252-53) Richard de Vernon," (2d, who 
was grandson of Richard de Vernon, ist) "had a 
grant of this castle." This announcement has with 
it a certain amount of credibility from the fact that 
the nephew of Richard de Vernon, 2d, had an indem- 
nity when he rendered up the castle, as is found in 
the following record of the Close Rolls of the reign 
of King Henry HI. 

Ratification of Edward the king's son's grant of 
indemnity to Gilbert le Frannceys when he rendered 
up the Castle of Peak to him. 



SCARSDALE HUNDRED. 

CHESTERFIELD. 

A.D. 1250-70. — Grant to Rufford Abbey of a toft 
which Roger fil. Aluine gave with his daughter to 
Ranulf de Garthorpe, and the toft which Jordan de 
la Green and Thomas Fi^anceis and Peter Fox for- 
merly held. 

A.D. 1294. — "To all faithful Christians by whom 
this present writing shall be seen or heard, John 
Wake, Lord of Lidel and of Chesterfield, health 
eternal in the Lord. Be it known to all men that I 
have granted and by this my present charter have 
confirmed for myself and my heirs forever to my men 
of Chesterfield, who of myself or of my heirs or 



90 DERB YSHIRE. 

assigns hold or will hold burgage (tenures) in the 
town of Chesterfield, that they, their heirs or assigns, 
shall have and hold of myself and my heirs or assigns 
the same liberties and free customs within and with- 
out the town of Chesterfield, and in all places and 
for all things, which they had by the gift and conces- 
sion of William Brewer, the elder, my predecessor, 
and by the confirmation of the Lord King Henry, 
father of our Lord Edward the king, and besides by 
a certain final concord, sealed with the seal of William 
Brewer, the younger; that is to say, that they, the 
said burgesses and their heirs or assigns shall have all 
the same liberties and free customs in all places and 
for all things which the borough of Nottingham has, 
and that they are free burgesses forever and quit of 
taxations and reliefs forever, and of suit of court [an 
erasure here, probably shires], wapentakes, and of 
costs, charges, and expenses of all kinds and taxa- 
tions : this only excepted, that they shall be taxed 
whenever the lord king shall tax his boroughs, 
and then reasonably taxed, and this likewise by the 
precept of the lord the king; and their eldest sons 
shall have the same liberties and free customs, 
although they have not burgage tenures, whilst their 
ancestors and fathers, tenants of the same burgage 
of which they are the heirs, are living ; and the other 
children, whether sons or daughters of burgesses, 
shall have liberties and free customs if they wish to 
become merchants, and shall give me and my heirs 



DERBYSHIRE. 91 

annually three pence for having the privileges until 
each one shall acquire to himself a burgess part, and 
then shall, upon entering upon it, give me and my 
heirs four pennies, and to the bedel one penny, and 
to the clerk one penny for placing his name on the 
roll, and afterwards they shall not give any more 
three pence per annum. And all tenants residing 
in the town shall come twice a year to my court and 
to the court of my heirs, and shall present and 
answer concerning articles touching the peace of our 
lord the king, except money coiners (?) and spillers 
of blood (assaults) and hue and cry, which are not to 
be presented. And they shall come there and not go 
elsewhere for the peace of the lord the king, and 
shall have reasonable summons (raconales sumonicoes), 
and shall come to the court whenever the brief of 
the lord the king is in court, and for discovering 
(indicting) robbers, if there should be necessity, by 
reasonable summons of fifteen days; and any one of 
the burgesses shall essoin another to the court 
without challenge whenever they should be absent, 
and no one having liberties or who is a burgess shall 
be amerced in any cause for more than three pence, 
these cases only excepted : brewers (?) twice per 
annum, if they are not able to acquit themselves that 
they have not sold contrary to the assize of the 
lord the king; and bakers, if they bake and sell 
bread contrary to the assize of the lord the king ; 
and also those who spill blood, if these are convicted 



92 DERBYSHIRE. 

upon complaint, and not otherwise; and also those 
who are guilty of contempt against me or to my heirs 
or assigns or our bailiffs, if upon this they are con- 
victed. And if other burgesses are convicted of 
other offences besides these four, according to the 
gravity of the wrong, they are to be fined by their 
fellows. No strangers shall enter upon a burgess 
part or have seizin before that they satisfy myself or 
my heirs or my bailiffs and the burgesses according 
to the ancient manner; and, if the sons or daughters 
of burgesses giving three pence annually for their 
liberties shall acquire a burgage part to themselves, 
either by gift, legacy, by purchase or by right or in 
any other manner, they shall not give any more three 
pence per annum for their liberties. And, if the 
daughters holding burgess parts wish to marry, then 
the husbands of the daughters shall come at the next 
court and pay to me or to my heirs four pence, and 
one penny to the bedel and one penny to the clerk 
as aforesaid, and their children will be burgesses ; 
and the husbands of the daughters burgage tenants 
will be burgesses by the law (curtesy) of England 
after the death of their wives for the whole of their 
lives, and the heirs of the said women and their sons 
and daughters shall have the said liberties forever. 
And, if the husband acquires a burgess part during 
the life of his wife, he and his heirs will be burgesses 
forever. None other besides burgesses shall meas- 
ure, cut up, or sell cloth, linen or woollen, hides or 



DERB YSHIRE. 93 

skins, fresh, raw, cooled, or salted, bought in the 
market or within the town of Chesterfield ; and, if 
they do, they shall lose the cloth, cut off or remnants, 
hides or skins ; and the cloth, remnants, and hides and 
skins so purchased shall forthwith be taken for the 
use of the merchants of the town by any one of the 
market in the town, without the bailiffs, as they did 
from the time aforesaid and after they were enfeoffed, 
except during eight days at the time of the fair of 
Chesterfield. And the burgesses shall have their own 
merchant guild, with all things to the said guild 
pertaining ; and no forestallers or regrators shall buy 
in the market on the Saturday anything of the kind 
of victual or provender before prime has struck, lest 
the magnates and honest men of the country and 
the burgesses are hindered in buying these neces- 
saries in the market before the hour of prime. And, 
if any one should do this, then he shall lose all the 
purchase of things of which he is convicted of buying ; 
and all things bought and which he is so convicted 
shall be attached for the benefit of the merchants 
of the town, and notwithstanding (besides) they shall 
make good amends to me and to my heirs as the 
custom is. And widows being endowed of goods, 
their second husbands during the whole life of the 
widow holding the burgage in dower, shall be bur- 
gesses, as before is said of the husbands of daughters ; 
but the husbands of such widows shall not retain 
such liberties after the deaths of their wives, unless 



94 DERB YSHIRE. 

in the mean time they acquire for themselves burgess 
rights, and have their own pasture, their own common 
rights, and their own hand-mills (?) in their own 
burgess part, and the choice in their own right with 
their coburgesses, as in inquisitions and assizes, with- 
out any impediment, as from ancient days and as they 
are accustomed to have after they are enfeoffed. 
And also (they shall have) ovens for baking their own 
proper bread except malted bread, which of all kinds 
ought to be baked at my oven and the oven of my 
heirs. And no one shall be (tinctor) painter or 
tanner, or skin tanner or cutter, who is not a burgess 
or who is not willing to make satisfaction to me and 
my heirs and the burgesses. And no one, except he 
be a burgess, shall cut up meat or loaves within the 
town of Chesterfield, and bakers selling corn within 
the town or having corn for baking bread for selling 
to any one are not expected to grind their corn at my 
mill and at the mill of my heirs, except for one day 
and one night, unless by the free will of the miller; 
and, if it happens that the miller cannot work, they 
shall carry their corn to what mill they please and 
bake bread for selling where they will, and, when sold, 
how much and . where they please, except malted 
bread, as aforesaid. And I, John Wake, and my heirs 
or my bailiffs, will not put any burgess to the oath 
unless by their free will, but by the precept of the 
king, except twice a year. No one shall have lot or 
scot with the burgesses in buying merchandise for 



DERBYSHIRE. 95 

himself or for any other within the town of Chester- 
field unless they are burgesses. But these burgesses 
or their servants shall have lot and scot in their own 
places with all others, as they are allowed by custom 
and antiquity. And the burgesses shall set down and 
affix their stalls where they will in the market, with- 
out the license of myself, my heirs, or my bailiffs, as 
they are accustomed to do from ancient days without 
any gift. And I, John, and my heirs shall have all 
their stalls which they hold of me and of my heirs 
during the fair if I desire ; and all who hold in capite 
of myself or my heirs from ancient days and now hold, 
and besides shall hold in future, shall have the afore- 
said liberties. And, if they shall sell a burgage part 
or rent which is paid each year for a burgage part to 
me and my heirs, or is accustomed to be paid or 
should be paid, the purchasers, if they desire, shall 
pay to me and to my heirs three pennies per year for 
having their liberties. And, if any are taken upon 
suspicion of robbery or for robbery by my bailiffs 
or those of my heirs without the assent of the bur- 
gesses, then they are in custody and at the peril of the 
bailiffs, and not of myself or my heirs saving the 
custody, until in due course they are tried or sent 
to the gaol of the lord the king; and, if they are 
taken with the consent of the bailiff and the bur- 
gesses, then are they in the custody of the burgesses, 
and at their peril they shall keep them in my prison 
and that of my heirs until they are tried, as before 



96 DERB YSHIRE. 

said, and taken to the gaol of the lord king out of 
the custody of the burgesses, and the burgesses shall 
give nothing for allowance for my prison or my stocks 
(chains). And the burgesses shall have and hold all 
other liberties and free customs in all things and 
places which the burgesses of Nottingham have ; and, 
if any bailiffs are placed in the said town who act 
contrary to these liberties and customs as before 
written, they shall be corrected, and the said bur- 
gesses and their heirs or assigns shall have and hold 
of me and my heirs or my assigns all the said 
liberties and free customs aforesaid, freely, quietly, 
fully, in peace, in right, in fee and inheritance for 
ever, without any impediment or reservation. In 
testimony whereof I, John Wake, for myself and my 
heirs to this present writing indented after the 
manner of chierographs and in power of the said 
burgesses and their heirs to remain, have appended 
my seal before these witnesses: Lord John Bigot, 
brother of the Earl Marshall, Lord Ralph Fitz 
William, Baldwin Picot, Thomas de Chaworth, 
Walter de Gousel, Roger le Bret, Kts., Willo le 
Bret, John de Eyncourt, Roger le Breton, William 
de Somerville, Williain Fraunccs, and many others. 
Given at Kirkeby Moorhead, the third kalend. of 
June, in the year of the reign of King Edward, the 
son of King Henry, the twenty-second." 



DEVONSHIRE 



GENERAL. 



14 Henry II. (1167-68). — Roberhis Fra7iceis,s\\tnfi 
of this county, was amerced 20^. for hanging a robber 
unjustly. He pays los. into the treasury, and owes 

lOi-. 

In 15 Henry II. (1168-69) he pays the remaining 
los. into the treasury, and is quit. 

3 John ( 1 201-2). — Gilbertus Franceis paid 4 marks 
by the sheriff for license to agree. 

A.D. 1267. — Galfridus Fraiinccys and Wimarca, his 
wife, give half a mark for an assize held before Hen- 
ricus de Bratton' ; and the sheriff of Devon is com- 
manded, etc. 

EXETER CITY. 

A.D. 1285. — Commission to Oliver de Dynham and 
Henry de Baley to associate themselves in a com- 
mission of oyer and terminer with the mayor and 
bailiffs of Lym, touching the case of Walter le Fraitn- 
ceys of Exeter, who, having bought eighty tuns of 
wine of one Geoffrey le Mareschal beyond seas at 



98 DE VONSHIRE. 

Ganes, the said Geoffrey with the said Walter s 
assent, delivered the same to Hereward de Lemyn- 
istre, his servant, to take to the port of Topesham, 
at the risk of the said Geoffrey to dehver these to the 
said Walter ; but the said Hereward, passing by that 
port, took the said wine to Lym, and sold it there as 
his own. Whereupon the said Walter sued by the 
king's writ to do swift justice in the matter, directed 
to Thomas de Pyn, Hugh le Pruz, and Master Hamo 
Parlebyen ; but, nothing having been as yet done in 
the matter, the present commission is issued. Over- 
ton, September 25. 



BLACK TORRINGTON HUNDRED. 

OAKHAMPTON. 

Hugh Courteney, of Oakhampton, father of the 
first Earl of Devon of that surname, on the loth of 
August, 13 Edward I. (1285), made an agreement in 
favor of Oliver de Dynham, of Hertland, in this 
county, for the wardship of the heirs of Richard de 
Hidon. Among the witnesses to this document is 
the name of Thomas Ic Franceys. 

This Thomas le Franceys may have been the same 
person who is mentioned as a juror in 3 Edward I. 
(1274-75), o^ Torrington, in Fremington hundred, not 
far from Oakhampton and Hartland. 



DE VONSHIRE. 99 

In 3 Edward I. (1274-75) there is an appointment 
of two justices to take the assize of mort d'ancestor 
arraigned by a Thomas Fraunceys, against the prior 
of Launceston (Cornwall), touching a messuage and 
land in Tottesden, in this county. 



BUDLEIGH, EAST, HUNDRED. 

WOODBURY. 

A.D. 1280. — Know present and future that I, Wil- 
lelmus de Aumarle, Lord of Wodebyria, have given 
and granted, and by this my present charter have 
confirmed to Lord Elyas de Cyrencestria and his 
associates, the vicars of the church of St. Peter in 
Exeter, and their successors, Johannes le Breghe, my 
serf (nativus), with all his family (sequela) and cattle, 
so that the said Johannes, with his family and cattle, 
shall remain their man, quiet and free from all de- 
mand by me and my heirs forever. But for this dona- 
tion, grant, and confirmation, the aforesaid Elyas and 
his associates have given into my hands 2 marks as 
recognition. In testimony whereof I have appended 
my seal to this present writing. Hiis testibus, Wal- 
tero Frauiiceys et aliis. Dated at Wodebiria, Sunday, 
on the morrow of Saint Bartholomew, 8 Edward I. 
(25th of August, 1280). 



I oo DE VONSHIRE. 

BUDLEIGH, WEST, HUNDRED. 

STOKELEIGH. 

3 Edward 1.(1274-75). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Ranulf k Fraiinceis against Riclia7^d le Fra^inceis and 
others, touching a tenement in Stockleigh. 

At an earher date Ricardus Frariceis held two- 
thirds of a fee in Stokelegh, in Hele, and in Kolle- 
legh of Ricardus, Earl of Cornwall. 



COLERIDGE HUNDRED. 

STOKE FLEMING. 

13th century. — Grant by William de Grovesende 
to Richard Coleman of a tenement in Dertemuth, 
which he had of John Franceis, of Stokes, located be- 
tween the tenement of Athenylda, late the wife of 
William, son of Gormylde, and that of Huthelina 
Huppahille. 



DE VONSHIRE. i o i 

FREMINGTON HUNDRED. 

GREAT TORRINGTON. 

A.D. 1283, 26th of December. — Know present and 
future that I, Walterus le Frenisha, have given, 
granted, and by this my present charter have con- 
firmed to Henriais, my son, and Margeria de Vtm- 
stapel, all the tenements in " Villa de Chepingtori- 
tone," which lie in Caluastrete (Calf Street): one of 
which lies in the northern part of said vill, between 
the tenement of Willelmus de Dodecote and that 
formerly belonging to Arnulfus Cotel ; the other, in 
the southern part of said vill, between the tenement 
of Walterus Bynorthwode and that of Henricus de 
Cornwalle. And I have also g-iven and o:ranted to 
the aforesaid Henrictis and Margeria four pieces of 
land lying in the eastern part of the vill of Cheping- 
toritone, namely : one lying in Wyteleye, between the 
land of Walterus Gater and that of Henricus de prus- 
tecote ; and the other at Panca Crosse, between the 
land of Robertus aurifaber and that of Henricus 
de prustecote ; and the third piece lies on the 
northern side of the way toward Caluisforde, between 
the land of Henricus de prustecote and that of Ro- 
bertus Mabeli ; and a fourth piece of land which is 
called le Hyllelond. To hold and have all the afore- 
said tenements, with the four pieces of land, to the 
said Henricus and Margeria and the heirs of their 



I o 2 DE VON SHIRE. 

bodies, of the chief lords, freely, quietly, peaceably, 
wholly, and in lawful inheritance, forever ; the afore- 
said Heiiricus and Margeria giving annually to the 
said chief lords for the tenements and lands all ser- 
vices due and accustomed. And, if the aforesaid 
Heiiricus and Margeria should die without issue of 
their bodies, all the said tenement shall revert to me 
and my heirs. And I, the aforesaid Walterus, and 
my heirs and assigns, will warrant all the aforesaid 
tenements and lands to the said Heurims and Mar- 
geria against all mortals. In testimony whereof I 
have appended my seal to this charter. Hiis testibus, 
Henrico Jordan, tunc preposito Burgi de Cheping- 
toritone, Henrico de prustecote, Willelmo de Dene, 
Roberto le leche, Willelmo Godman de la More et 
aliis. Dated at Chepingtoritone, on the feast of Saint 
Stephen, in the twelfth year of the reign of King 
Edward I. 



HAYTOR HUNDRED. 

3 Edward 1.(1274-75). — Among the twelve jurors 
of this hundred was Robertus le Fraiiceis. 



DE VONSHIRE. 1 03 

LIFTON HUNDRED. 

BRADSTONE. 

2 Edward I. (1273-74). — Appointment of Martin 
de Littlebury to take the assize of novel disseisin 
arraigned by William le Fraunceys against Robert de 
Cruwys (" Crues,") touching common of pasture in 
Bradeston. 

SHEBBEAR HUNDRED. 

BIDEFORD. 

In 3 Edward I. (1274-75) Johannes Fraunceys was 
among the jurors of the borough of Bidevorde. 

Temp. Edward I. — Richard de Greynvile, knight, 
Lord of Bydiford, with the consent of Bartholomew, 
his brother, grants to Thomas de Hakewille, and 
Thomas, son of the said Thomas, and to Alice de 
Greynvile, mother of the said Thomas (the elder), 
one messuage and one ferling of land in Wester- 
aboundone, in the manor of Bydiford, which Moyses 
Gille and Joan, his wife, once held. To hold to them 
and their heirs in free burgage, pertaining to the 
borough of Bydiford, " as fully and as well as the 
common charter of the borough aforesaid purporteth," 
they rendering one silver penny yearly for all ser- 
vices. Sealed with his seal and that of Bartholomew, 



1 04 DE VONSHIRE. 

his brother. Witnesses, Reginald le Frenche, then 
reeve of the borough aforesaid, and others. 



TEIGNBRIDGE HUNDRED. 

ASHBURTON. 

In 3 Edward I. (1274-75) among the jurors of 
this place appears the name of Michael Franceys. 



WONFORD HUNDRED. 

SOWTON. 

5 Edward I. (1276-77). — Appointment of two 
justices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned 
by Robcj't le Fraunceis against Joan, late wife of 
David de Sotheton, and others, touching common 
of pasture in Sotheton. 



DORSETSHIRE. 



GENERAL. 

Hugo of Warham was vicecomes of this county 
during the reign of King WilHam I., but was better 
known as Hugo filius Grip. He died without issue 
before the year 1084, his widow retaining his barony 
in her own right. She was recorded in the Domes- 
day survey as Uxor Hugonis fiHi Grip, holding large 
possessions in different parts of this county. We 
presume that she married as her second husband 
Alured de Lincoln, or, as the French monks called 
the name, de Nichole. Her estates appear to have 
passed with this Alured de Lincoln L to his family. 

In the north-eastern part of this county we find in 
the Domesday Book many of her possessions within 
a short distance of Upwimborne, among which were 
included land in Amedesham, Fernham, Hame, 
Middlesham, Odite, Tarente, and Wimborne. 

The location of these possessions is suggestive 
that Alured le Fraiiceys may have held in this locality 
(afterwards so identified with his surname) under 
Alured de Lincoln H. 

The name of Franceys seems to have been per- 



I o6 DORSE TSHIRE. 

petuated in a hamlet of the Mobert's fee of Wim- 
born, which took the name of Frenches. 

Alurcdus Franccys, appearing in the ensuing rec- 
ords, was probably the husband of Aelizia, the daugh- 
ter of Walterus Mobert, who gave her in free mar- 
riage, near by Wimburne, one hide of land at Upwim- 
burne, which Kino^ William Q-ave him to increase his 
possessions by fief d'haubert, or servitium militare. 

This Aclizia le Franceys had a son, Ricardus le 
Franceys, who succeeded to this estate at Upwin- 
burne, which was located in what is now the hundred 
of Wimborn St. Giles. 

Grant of the church of Warmwell : I, Galfridus de 
Warmewell, with the consent of Alured de Nichole, 
my lord, and Galfridus, my son and heir, have given 
and granted the church of St. Warmewell (in Win- 
frith hundred) to God, the Blessed Mary, Saints 
Peter and Paul, and the monks (of Holme) in frankal- 
moign, to hold and possess forever, which said church 
is still impersonated by Robert, the Deacon. I also 
grant that the brethren of Holme may have of my 
fee three solidates of land free and quit until the said 
church comes into their possessions. Witnesses, Ro- 
berto Germeni, Andrea de Nich', Bardulfo Picot, Wil- 
lelmo de Stafford, Neel de Stafford, Ahiredo ffranceis, 
Wlwardo Wider, Rogero Scriptore, A. de Nich\ et 
multis aliis. 

In the record of the survey ordered by King Henry 
H., preparatory to levying an aid for the marrying of 



D ORSE TSHIRE. 1 07 

his eldest daughter, Maud, to Henry, Duke of Saxony, 
which report was returnable, according to Eyton, on 
the 17th of March, 1 166, we find that Aluredus de 
Lincolnia, a tenant in capite, holds twenty-five 
knights' fees in this county de veteri feoffamento. 
Among those holding of him were Galfridus de 
Warmewell, who had one knight's fee, and Ahiredus 
Franceys, who holds one-fifth of a knight's fee. 

The following is an abstract of a charter of land 
in Gussage, which was located about two miles from 
Upwinburne. The original was probably executed 
between the years 1165 and 1189: — 

Willelmus de Hucon, with the consent of his heirs, 
granted and confirmed to Osbertus Anglicus and his 
heirs or assigns, the whole tenement, with all its 
appurtenances, which Baldewinus Bubulcarius for- 
merly held of him in the vill of Gessiz, together with 
some free pasture and pannage, for a yearly rent of 
one pound of cumin. Hiis testibus, Huberto de 
Bosleio, Willelmo de Bosleio, Radulpho de Moritonio, 
Radulpho de Jocio, Ricardo Anglico, Waltero Boterel, 
Ricardo Francisco, et multis aliis. 

The following charter of Alicia Anglicus is shown 
to be of a later date than that preceding it : — 

Be it known to those present and those to come 
that I, Alicia, formerly wife of Osbertus Anglicus, in 
my legal widowhood have quitclaimed for me and my 
heirs to Robertus de Wyk', and his heirs, all the right 
and claim which I had in half a virgate of land in 



io8 DORSETSHIRE. 

Gussich Regis, which Osbertus AngHcus, formerly 
my husband, gave and granted to the said Robert, 
so that neither I, Alicia, nor any one of my heirs can 
have any claim in the aforesaid land. But for this 
quitclaim the aforesaid Robertus has given me before- 
hand \2s. sterling. In testimony whereof I have 
appended my seal to this present writing. Hiis testi- 
bus, Domino R. de Bosco, Milite; VV. Francisco, W. 
de Brochamtone, Clemente Hem, W. de Wyk', Hen- 
rico de Karentehame, W. de Karentehame, et multis 
aliis. 

The archives of the first year of the reign of King 
Richard I. (1189-90) show the ensuing record of this 
family of Frariccys, namely : Ricardus le Frajiceis and 
Aelizia, his mother, owe half a mark for disseisin ; 
Rohesia and Azo, his daughters, owe half a mark for 
the same. 

Apparently about the last-named date or soon after 
there is another record conveying possessions in 
Gussage, of which we have the following charter : — 

May it be known to present and future that I, 
Nicholas de la Pentiz, for the welfare of my soul and 
those of my ancestors and successors, have given and 
granted, in free and perpetual alms, to the Hospital 
of Hamtone, which is called " Domus Dei," for the 
sustenance of the poor dwelling there, the whole vir- 
gate of land in Gersiz, which Turstanus held, with 
this Turstanus (a bondman) and all his family (et tota 
sequela sua). To hold of me and my heirs freely and 



D ORSE TSHIRE. 1 09 

quietly, well and in peace, with all its appurtenances ; 
rendering for the same yearly, at the feast of Saint 
Michael, to me and my heirs one pound of cumin for 
all service, saving the service to the lord the king. 
Hiis testibus, Magistro Rogero de Hamtone, Nicholao 
Besant, Galfrido Clerico de Gersiz, Ricardo Franceis^ 
Radulfo de Dumitune, Willelmo Wipez, Terrico de 
Molendino, Nicholao de Winburne, Waltero Fortine, 
Roberto Isembarde, Simone de Sancto Laurentio, 
Willelmo fratre ejus, Arone filio Benedicti, Roberto 
Hardewine, Ricardo Leicestria, Bartholomeo de In- 
sula, Roberto Monacho, Goce, et multis aliis. 

Circa 1200. — The sheriff stated that he had seized 
into the king's hands two virgates of land with its 
appurtenances in Picham and Waleburne, on Tuesday 
next after Lent, as the result of the view of Ricardus 
Franceis and others. 

A.D. 1200-25. — Sibel, who was wife of Reginaldus 
of Brockhampton (now in Wimborne St. Giles hun- 
dred), appeals against Willelmus Wither, Robertus, 
Walterus, and Petrus, his sons, Richolda, his wife, and 
Matilda, his daughter, because they, in the king's 
peace and wickedly, killed Reginaldus, her husband ; 
and this she offers to prove against them, as the court 
shall consider, as of her sight and hearing. Willel- 
mus, the father, the appellee, is dead. So are Robert, 
the son, and Richolda, the mother. Walterus and 
Petrus and Matilda, their sister, come and defend all 
of it word by word, as the court shall consider. And 



no DORSE TSHIRE. 

Ricardtis Frauciis, serjeant of the hundred, along 
with the hundred, testifies that, in a hundred court 
convoked for this purpose before him and the hun- 
dred, Petrus confessed that they gave the wound of 
which Reginald died, and that Petrus said that he 
would gladly be hanged three times over if thereby 
Reginaldus might die of that wound. Judgment: 
let Petrus be hanged because of his confession, and 
let Walterus and Matilda purge themselves by ordeal 
of iron. They have w^aged. 

About two miles to the eastward of Upwimborn 
is Cranborne, with which place Hutchins identifies 
a Williain le Frmtnccys, the same name appearing 
in the year 1245 ^•'^ '^ juror for this county at an 
inquisition at New Sarum concerning the free chase 
of Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester. 

In the reign of Edward I. a William le Franceys 
was steward of the honor of Cranborne, belons^ingr 

o o 

to the Earl of Gloucester. 

Upwimborne, to which allusion has already been 
made, is in the parish of Wimborn St. Giles, 
in the hundred of the same name. Identified with 
this parish is the manor of Wymborn Malemeyns, 
of which we have the following notice: — 

At an inquisition post mortem taken at Schefton, 
Oct. 3, 1 301, the jurors, among which was Robert 
Franceys, made return that Robert de Plecitis held no 
lands or tenements of the king in capite, etc., in the 
county of Dorset, but he had the manor of Upwym- 



DORSETSHIRE. 



born Malemeyns of the Earl of Gloucester for the 
service of one knight's fee, by the curtesy of England, 
of the inheritance of Ela, his wife. 



BADBURY HUNDRED. 

THORNHILL. 

A.D. 1226. — Adam de Alta Ripa appointed Radul- 
phus Fraiiccis his attorney in a plea against Walterus 
de Langeford and others, concerning land in Thorn- 
hull. 

At a plea before the lord the king on the morrow 
of Saint Martin in the thirty-eighth year of the reign 
of King Henry III. (1253), it is found that the 
serjeanty of Rogerus de Langford in Thornhull and 
Estmordon (in this county), and Chelton (in Somer- 
set), belonging to his manor of Tyderlegh in County 
Southampton, for finding one mounted soldier to 
serve in the king's army in England and Wales for 
forty days on his own expense, is alienated in part. 

Willelmtis Ic Fraiinccys, of Thornhull, held one 
marcata of land alienated from the aforesaid serjeanty 
in Thornhul for 4^. ^d. per annum, and at the arrenta- 
tion of Robert Passelewe he made an agrreement for 
the same amount. 



112 DORSE TSHIRE. 

CERNE, TOTCUMB, AND MODBURY HUNDRED. 

CERNE. 

A.D. 1206. — John, by the grace of God, king, etc. 
Know ye that we have granted and by this our 
present charter have confirmed to Henricus de 
Stokes all the after-mentioned donations, etc., among 
which was the donation of Abbot Rogerus and the 
convent of Cerne of half a hide of land, with mes- 
suage, which Algarus Franccis held in Cerne, etc. 
Given by the hand of Hugo de Welles, at Gillingham, 
on the thirteenth day of January, in the seventh year 
of our reign. 

COGDEAN HUNDRED. 

LICHET MATRAVERS. 

Henry, styled of Herdhele, the great-grandson of 
Paganus Trencardus, succeeded his father Robert 
in the reign of King John. He was a witness to a 
grant of William de Redvers, Earl of Devon, to the 
Abbey of Quarre, of land in his manor of Welved, to 
which grant Mabel, Countess of Devon, was also a 
witness, which Mabel died in the eighth year of the 
reign of King John (1206-7). He was succeeded by 
his son Henry, a knight, who confirmed to Walter de 
Franceis land in Lingwood, which Henry, his father, 
formerly granted. 



D ORSE TSHIRE. 1 1 3 

HASLER HUNDRED. 

TYNEHAM. 

A.D. 1340-41. — Willielmus le Frensch and ten 
others, parishioners of this parish, were jurors at the 
valuation of the ninth ; and they said that the church 
was taxed at io(iS. 8d., and that the ninth part of 
sheaves, wool, and lambs, was worth yis. ^d. per 
annum. 

LODERS AND BAUNTON LIBERTY. 

UPPER LODERS. 

Up-Loders was anciently a manor, now a tithing 
and hamlet locally about a mile from Lower Loders. 

In 15 Edward IL (1321) John Frenshe grants to 
Robert Frejishe and Isabella^ his wife, one messuage 
in Loders Luttetun, with a curtilage and two acres 
of arable in the field there ; also pasture for two 
cows with their calves, and for two pigs, quit of herb- 
age and pannage, in the common pasture of Lutte- 
tun. Dated at Porstock, on Sunday next after the 
feast of Saint Dionysius. 

In 20 Edward II. (1326-27) Giles Tonere grants 
to the same Robert Frenshe and wife a piece of land 
in the vill of Loder Lutton, between his garden on 
the west and the messuage of said Robert and wife ; 



114 DORSE TSHIRE. 

also two acres of arable land situated in different 
parts of the field there, and pasture for two plough 
horses, two cows "cum exitu unius anni," two pigs, 
and forty sheep in all the pasture of the said vill, with 
the like animals of the freemen and villeyns of the 
same vill. 



PIMPERN HUNDRED. 

ASHE. 

2 Edward I. (1273-74). — Appointment of Martin 
de Littlebury to take the assize of mort d'ancestor 
arraigned by Walter le Frminceys against Joan 
Burdon, touching a messuage and land in Asshe. 

2 Edward I. (1273-74). — Appointment of two 
justices to take the assize of mort d'ancestor arraigned 
by Walter le Fraitnceis against Henry Bozun, touch- 
ing a messuage and land in Essebusoun. 



STEEPLETON. 

6 Edward I. (1277-78). — Appointment of two 
justices to take the assize of mort d'ancestor arraigned 
by John de Glynchesfeld against William, son of 
Walter le Frensche, touching a messuage and land in 
Stepelton. 



D ORSE TSHIRE. 1 1 5 

ROWBARROW HUNDRED. 

WOOLGARSTON. 

Woolgarston, or Wolston, in the parish of Corfe 
Castle, Hes a mile and a half east of Corfe. 

In 40 Henry 111.(1255-56) William le Fraunceis 
released and quitclaimed to Walter le Verner and 
Juliana, his wife, Terry Levet and Agnes, his wife, 
Robert, son of Thomas de Badlington, and Alice, his 
wife, Christiana, Eufemia, Matilda, and Margaret, 
daughters of Tho^nas le Fraimceis, and to the heirs of 
the said Juliaiia, Agnes, Alice, Johanna, Christiana, 
Eufemia, Matilda, and Margaret, a messuage and 
seventy-nine acres of land in Wolgareston, one-third 
of which was then held (probably in dower) by Jo- 
hajina, late wife of Tho?7ias le Fraunceis. 



SHERBORNE HUNDRED. 

LILLINGTON. 

A.D. 1340-41. — Willie Imus Freynche and three 
others, jurors, and parishioners of Parochia de 
Nich' Lyllyngton, testify that the church is not 
taxed ; but they say that the ninth part of sheaves, 
wool, and lambs, is worth 95-. per annum. 



1 1 6 DORSE TSHIRE. 

UGGESCOMB HUNDRED. 

LANGTON HERRING. 

In 26 Edward I. (1297-98) William Fraunceys, 
of Langton, granted to Roger Fraiinceys a moiety of 
a messuage and carucate of land in Langton juxta 
Weymouth, to hold to the said Roger and the heirs 
of his body, remainder to Nicholas, Waller^ and John, 
brothers of the said Roger, successively in tail, re- 
mainder to the right heirs of William. And at the 
same time he granted the other moiety of the same 
premises to the said Nicholas, Roger, Walter, and 
John, successively in tail, with remainder to his own 
right heirs. Additional information about the same 
persons is found in Wellow hundred in the county 
of Somerset. 

SWYRE. 

In 14 Edward III. {\'^\o-A,i) Johannes le Freynssh 
was among the jurors of this parish at the valua- 
tion of the ninth. 



DURHAM. 



DARLINGTON WARD. 

MERRINGTON. 

In 1296 Simon Fraunceys was amerced looi". for 
contempt against the prior of Durham, his lord. His 
pledges were Ricardus Faber and Alanus filius Petri. 
Four acres of land which Simo7i Fraunceys held in 
Mid-Meryngton were taken into the lord's hands. 

In the same roll as the previous record, under 
Kirke Merington, we find Alice, daughter of Wal- 
terus, son of Elwald, receiving from this Simon 
Fraunceys four quarters of wheat in his custody. 

SOFTLEY. 

Henricus Walensis held the whole vill of Softeley 
of his lord Philippus de Pictavia, who was Bishop of 
Durham from 1197 to 1208. After the bishop's 
death Henricus granted this whole vill, for the safety 
of the bishop's soul, to the support of the monks of 
Finchale. 

The date of the following charter is approximated 
by the previous dates: — 



ii8 DURHAM. 

To all, etc., Henricus Walensis, greeting. May it 
be known that I have given and granted, and by this 
my present charter have confirmed, to Walterus dis- 
pensator, for his homage and service, one toft with 
croft in the vill of Softelay, which Robertus filius 
Dorandi held of me in said vill, and fifteen acres of 
land with its appurtenances which lie in the neighbor- 
hood of Catholeake, and seven acres of land with its 
appurtenances which Alanus le Bon held in same 
vill, and four acres of land which Robertus Franceys 
held in same vill. To have and hold to him and his 
heirs of me and my heirs, freely and quietly, in bosc 
and plain, in land cultivated and uncultivated, in 
meadow and pasture, in moor and marshland, etc., 
and in all other easements and liberties belonging to 
this land in said vill, without any withholding; re- 
serving therefore yearly 7^-. 6d. to me and my heirs, 
payable in two terms, — namely, the half at Pentecost 
and the other half at the feast of Saint Martin in the 
winter, — and making forinsec service as much as be- 
longs to so much land in the said vill, for all service, 
custom, and demand. And the aforesaid Walterus 
shall make suit to my mill of Softelay. And I, Henri- 
cus, and my heirs will warrant and defend the afore- 
said toft with croft, and the said fifteen acres of land 
with its appurtenances, to the aforesaid Walterus and 
his heirs against all men in perpetuity. And that this 
my donation, gift, and confirmation may be firm and 
stable I have appended my seal. Hiis testibus. 



DURHAM. 119 

STOCKTON WARD. , 

HARTLEPOOL. 

A.D. 1391-92. — Thomas Gray, Ralph de Eyre, and 
others were appointed justices of oyer and terminer 
on complaint of Ralph de Lomley, knight, against 
Thomas Fraiiche and one hundred and eleven others, 
all of Hartlepool, and two persons of Hert, and other 
ill-doers unknown, for taking away a boat belonging 
to the said Ralph at Stranton to Hert, and there de- 
stroying the same, removing other property of the 
said Ralph, ejecting and assaulting his tenants at 
Stranton. 




ESSEX 



GENERAL. 

A.D. 1 194, November 16. — Hauis de Munfirun 
essoined himself de malo veniendi, by Bartholomeus 
le Franceis, at an assisa de morte antecessoris versus 
Ricardus de Munfirun, his brother. 

A.D. 1 198, April 12. — Ricardus le Franceis and 
Matilda, his wife, appeared, on the fourth day, versus 
Radulphus de Bruele, in a plea of one carucate of land 
with its appurtenances in A . . . na ; but Radulphus 
neither came nor essoined himself. So it was decided 
that the land should be taken into the king's hand, 
and that Radulphus should be summoned to answer 
at Westminster on Monday next after the feast of 
Saint George. 

Matilda appointed in her place Ricardus, her hus- 
band, ad lucrandum vel perdendum. 

In the records of the pleas on the twenty-seventh 
day of October it is found that the pledges of Radul- 
phus de Binesle for fifteen marks, to be paid to 
Ricardus Franceis and his wife within two years, were 
Umfridus Hasteng, who pledged for two marks; Ri- 
cardus Wasteneir, for two marks ; Albinus de Angr', 



£SS£X. 121 

for two marks ; Radulphus Dagemer, for one mark ; 
Gilbertiis, son of Mauricius de Lamburn, for one 
mark ; Huq^o de Inoes, for one mark ; Willelmus de 
Bataille, for two marks ; Magister Radulphus de 
Wichering, for two marks ; Radulphus filius Salo- 
monis, for one mark ; Radulphus de Haldeg', for one 
mark ; Fulco de Berkiges, for one mark. And, on 
the morrow of Saint Martin, he should have found 
pledges for the residue. 



BARSTABLE HUNDRED. 

CORRINGHAM. 

A.D. 1329. — " Indenture of defeasance on a bond 
from William de Teye to Leonel de Bradenham. 

" Mi'ks le Frenssh, provided the said William, allows 
Johane, his intended wife, late wife of Mons. William 
Band, to devise at her death, or himself devise to her, 
if she survive him, goods, etc., to the value of 200/., 
allows her during coverture the profit of the manor 
of Coringham ' pour sa chambre.' He shall gain the 
order of knighthood before Pentecost, and endow 
Katerine, daughter of the said Johane, on marriage, 
with 100 marks in land or money. Dated at Col- 
chester, on Saturday after the feast of Saint Peter in 
Cathedra, in the third year of the reign of King Ed- 
ward III." 



ESSEX. 



SHENFIELD. 



Extract of the Fines Patentium, etc., of the Chan- 
cery of the twenty-seventh year of the reign of King 
Edward 1.(1298-99): — 

Felicia, who has been wife of Philipp7ts Fraunceys, 
junior, has shown in the King's Court at York that she 
recovered her seisin against Thomas de Wokendon 
and others, of a third part of a messuage, twenty-four 
acres of land, and \os. rent in Shenefeld, in this 
county. 

BECONTREE HUNDRED. 

BARKING. 

"a.d. 1330-36. — Simon de Leytthone, vicar of West- 
hamme, and Johannes Duk, vicar of Bursted Magna, 
grant to King Edward III., among many other lands, 
four acres of arable land in the east marsh of Berk- 
ynge, which Johannes le Frenyshe and Lucia, his 
wife, and Johannes, their son, hold for the term of 
their lives for a yearly rent of 6^-. Among the wit- 
nesses to this deed is John de Poulteney, mayor of 
London, who was mayor in the years 1330, 1331, 
1333, and 1336." 



ESSEX. 123 



WEST HAM. 



A.D. 1259, October 14. — Indenture of agreement 
whereby Robert, son of John de GHndle and Mar- 
garet, his wife, daughter and heir of Solomon de 
Hodleghe, grant to Reginald, son of Herbert de 
Berghers, the moiety of all the land of which Solo- 
mon de Hodleghe died seised in Westhamme, the 
cost of securing such land to the said Reginald to be 
entirely defrayed by him or divided between the 
parties according to the method adopted. Wit- 
nesses, Sir Stephen de Penescestre, knight, Ralph 
and William de Heavere, William Franceys, and 
others. Dated on the morrow of Saint Edmund 
the Confessor, in the forty-third year of the reign 
of King Henry HI. 



CHELMSFORD HUNDRED. 

BADDOW. 

In 1 198 we find the name of Osbertus Franceis, of 
Badewe, in the hundred of Chelmesford. 

LITTLE LEIGHS. 

The parish church of this place was a rectory sub- 
ject to the archdeaconry of Essex and deanery of 
Chelmsford. 



124 ESSEX. 

Among its rectors were the following : — 
I St. Robertus Kere, cl. 5 Kal. Febr. 1333. 
2d. Johannes Frencli. 

3d. Robertus Beverych, cap. 3 Junii 1387, per 
mortem French, 



HARLOW HUNDRED. 

GREAT PARNDON. 

9 Edward 1.(1280-81). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Walter le Fraunceys against Henry Aucher, touching 
a tenement in Perendon. 



HATFIELD BROAD-OAK. 

Hugh de Vere, Earl of Oxford, was hereditary pa- 
tron of the priory of this place. Among his tenants 
was Reginald Arsik, the grantor of the following 
charter, who held two knights' fees in Selverle (in 
County Cambridge) of the barony of this Hugh de 
Vere. In the scutage of King Henry III. for the 
voyage into Gascogne, in the thirty-first year of his 
reign (1246-47), Reginald Arsik paid for the same 
into the treasury 4/. 

Reginald Arsic to all his men, present and future. 
Gives to the monks of Hatfeld Regis all tithes of his 



ESSEX. 125 

windmill in Silverley, in the field called Breche, in 
frankalmoign. Witnesses, Ralph Arsic his brother, 
William Fraiiceis, Alexander Campiun, Geoffrey the 
dean, Ralph the clerk Reginald the baker, William 
Cementarius, Ralph Musca, and many others. 

Circa a.d. i 248. — Ysabella de Brus, daughter of 
Earl David, for her soul, etc., grants to God and the 
Church of St. Mary, of Haffelde Regis, and the monks 
there, in frankalmoigne, all the services of Nicholas 
Bus and his heirs ; to wit, in homages, reliefs escheats, 
rents, suits, tallages, and all customs named and not 
named, pertaining to her, in which the said Nicholas 
to the king or to her is bound : to wit, for half a vir- 
gate of land with the appurtenances which Alan Bus, 
father of the said Nicholas, formerly held ; and for 
certain land not hided, — namely, that which is called 
terra filsegot; and for an acre of new purpresture 
with the appurtenances ; and for the fourth part of a 
virgate of land with the appurtenances, formerly of 
Stephen le Fraunceis. And also all services and cus- 
toms which she or her heirs can claim out of the said 
lands. Witnesses, Dom. John de Gatesdene, Dom. 
Peter de Tani, Dom. Robert de Beaumis, Dom. Nich- 
olas de Barentone, knights; Peter Marescall, Hugh 
clerk, then bailiff of Haffelde, Jordan de Westone, 
and others. 



126 £SS£X. 

HINCKFORD HUNDRED. 

FELSTEAD. 

The manor of Frenches of this place was so called 
from a family of that surname. It was situated on 
the great common near the windmill, where the court 
was formerly held, and was afterward called Frenches 
at the Fairy. 

15 Edward III. (1341-42). — Galfridns le Frensh 
was among the persons taxed in this vill at the in- 
quisitiones nonarum. 

Escheat of the forty-third year of the reign of King 
Edward III., 1369. 

Johan7ies Frenssk, chaplain (probably the recorded 
rector of Little Leighs who died in 1387), and others 
(held) for the prior and convent of Lega (Leighs) one 
hundred and twenty-six acres of land in Felsted, 
which are seized in the king's hands ; but divers lands 
and tenements in Leghes and Dunmowe remain to 
the aforesaid Johannes. 

Morant states that John Fjrnch, chaplain, and Joh7i 
Fre7ich, qX^xV, had license in 1369 and 1373 to give 
land in this parish to the priory of Lees. 



ESSEX. 127 

LEXDEN HUNDRED. 

COLCHESTER. 

9 Edward I. (1280-81). — Commissions to Richard 
le Fraunceis and others of gaol delivery for Col- 
chester. 

ROCHFORD HUNDRED. 

RAYLEIGH. 

9 Edward I. (1280-81). — Commission to Richard le 
Frau7iceys and three others of gaol delivery for Relegh. 

This place is in the archdeaconry of Essex, of the 
diocese of London, and had among its rectors Gilbert 
de Frensh and Nicholas de Horton, of whom we have 
the following record : — 

Gilbert de Frenssh had presentation on the 26th of 
September, 1353, and was thereupon admitted; for 
on the 27th of January, 1354, he had license to ex- 
change it for the church of Findon, in the diocese 
of Chichester, county of Sussex, with Nicholas de 
Horton. 

TRINDEHAY. 

Circa a.d. 1199. — The assisa de nova disseisina 
between Robertus le Franceis and Matilda, his wife, 



128 £SS£X. 

plaintiffs, and Robertas les Hese and Radulphus 
filius Johannis, defendants, touching a free tenement 
in Trineliee (Trindehay, a manor in the parish of 
Rawreth), is postponed until the octaves of Holy 
Trinity for defective recognizance, as some of them 
came and others neither came nor essoined them- 
selves ; and therefore they were attached to be pres- 
ent on the aforesaid octaves of Holy Trinity. 



TENDRING HUNDRED. 

ARDLEIGH. 

A.D. 1222. — It is found by an inquisition of the 
manor of Ardleigh, made by Theobaldus, Archdeacon 
of Essex, that Walterus de Mora, together with the 
nephew and heir of Hamo, hold half a virgate here, 
paying 2^. 6(/. to the Church of St. Paul's, which land 
had been held by Robcrhis Franccis, who held it of 
Magister Albericus (who was a witness, in 1162, to 
the agreement about the Church of St. Mary Magda- 
len, London, made between the canons of St. Paul's 
and Bartholomeus filius Galfridi), who held for life of 
the canons of St. Paul's, London. 

King Edward HL, in the twenty-fourth year of his 
reign, a.d. 1350, for \qos. grants to Robertus de Teye, 
Leonellus de Bradenham, and Milo de Frensh that 



ESSEX. 129 

they may grant the manor of Ardelegh with its appur- 
tenances, etc. ; and he grants to Ricardus de Sutton 
and Anna, his wife, the right to hold the same. 



BRADFIELD. 

At an inquisition made in the second year of the 
reign of King Edward I. (1273-74) the jurors said that 
Bradefeld in the hundred of Tendringe was formerly 
held of the king in capite, and it is now held by a 
burgess of Herewyc, whose mesne lord is Willelmus 
Franc ; but they do not know the value of the same 
or by what tenure it is held. 

They also said that Willebmis Franc has royal 
liberties (libertates) in Bradefelde, but they do not 
know by what warrant. 

In the year 1312 Willelmus Franc\ the elder, 
granted all his manor of Bradfield to Johannes de 
Brokesburne and Johanna, his wife. 



THURSTABLE HUNDRED. 

LANGFORD, 

In the roll of assizes taken at Stafford in the year 
1 198 it is found that Eustacius de Langefar' appeared 
on the fourth day versus Willielmus de Donemow' 
concerning a free tenement in Langefar', but Williel- 



1 2 o £SSjEX, 

mus neither came nor essoined himself. Judgment: 
no day of attendance is given to Eustacius, and 
Winiehnus is in misericordia for his non-attendance. 
His pledges were Willielmtis Frajiciis and Nicholaus 
Cocus, who are in misericordia. 

It is found that a VVillielmus Francus was amerced 
half a mark in this year. 



WINSTREE HUNDRED. 

FINGRINGHOE. 

A.D. 1328. — Commission of oyer and terminer to 
John de Bousser, Benedict de Cokefeld, and John de 
Dyne, on complaint by William Freiishe, of Fyn- 
gryngho, that Walter, prior of Westmersey, Robert 
Lucas, clerk, Robert Grippel, " the Norman," Adam 
Bacoun, of Westmersey, and others, broke his houses 
at Fyngryngho, County Essex, and took away nine 
horses, one mare, four oxen, one bull, twenty cows, 
thirty bullocks, eighty sheep, and forty swine, worth 
100/. Dated at Lincoln, on the 2 2d of March. 
Changed because sealed at another time. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE. 



GENERAL. 

3 John (120 1 -2). — The sheriff renders an account 
of half a mark from Hugo Fraiiceis. 

GLOUCESTER CITY. 

A.D. 1249. — Richa7^d Franceys held an ofificial posi- 
tion in this city. 

Circa A.D. 1270. — Agnes Coperich sold to Thomas 
de Northfolc a rent of \s. sterling, which Ricardus 
Franceys, burgess of Gloucester, in his last will be- 
queathed to her; namely, the land which lies between 
the land formerly belonging to Radulphus de Tude- 
ham and the entrance to the Bohale (Town Hall) in 
the " magna platea " of Gloucester. 



BRADLEY HUNDRED. 

BROCKHAMPTON. 

Charter of Robertus Ruphus to Radtilfus le Fra7tces, 
of Brockhampton ; prob. temp. Edward L : — 



132 GLO UCESTERSHIRE. 

Be it known to those present as well as those to 
come that I, Robertas Ruphus, of Brochamton, have 
given and granted, and by this my present charter 
have confirmed, to Radulfus le Frances, of Brocham- 
ton and his heirs, for his service, one messuage with 
half a virgate of arable land, with meadow and wood 
and all its appurtenances in and without the vill of 
Wittewell; namely, that which Willielmus Longus 
once held in the same vill. To have and hold of me 
and my heirs to him and his heirs or assigns, freely, 
quietly, well, and in peace, with hereditary right and 
in fee, in wood, plain, and in ways, and in all other 
connected pastures belonging to the vill. And the 
said Radulfus is allowed to sell and grant the afore- 
said messuage and land with its appurtenances " tam 
in egritudine quam in sanitate," and to alienate in 
whatever way he would like ; he and his heirs or as- 
signs rendering yearly for the same to me and my 
heirs 3^-. at four terms — namely, c)d. at the feast of 
Saint Michael, <^d. at the feast of Saint Andrew, c)d. at 
the feast of the Blessed Mary in Marcio, and <^d. at 
the feast of Saint John the Baptist — for all secular 
services, exactions, and demands, saving the service 
to the king belonging to this tenement. And I, 
Robertus, and my heirs will forever warrant and for 
the aforesaid rent defend the said messuage and half- 
virgate of land, with all its appurtenances, to the said 
Radzilfus and his heirs or assigns against all men and 
women. For this donation, grant, and warrant the 



GL O UCESTERSHIRE, 1 3 3 

aforesaid Radtilfus has given me in my urgent neces- 
sity 4i marks sterling. And that this my charter 
may remain firm and stable, I have strengthened it 
with the impression of my seal. Hiis testibus, 
Guyone domino de Cloppell', Radulfo Musard, Wil- 
lielmo Libero de Brochamton, Johanne filio Andree, 
Roberto de Glouveria, Galfrido Stoke, et aliis. 

Charter of Deonissia, widow of William Herbert, to 
Nicholas le Franceis, of land in Brockhampton ; prob. 
temp. Edward I.: — 

Be it known to all who see or hear this charter that 
I, Deonissia, widow of Willielhmus Herebert, of Bro- 
hamton, have remised, granted, and quitclaimed to 
Nicholaus le Franceis, of Brohamton, all the right and 
claim which I had in the land which I demanded of 
him as my dower, with all its appurtenances, in the 
fields of Brohamton ; namely, the twelve acres of land 
which the aforesaid Nicholaus once bought of my 
Lord Willielmus Herbert, with hereditary right in 
perpetuity. To have and hold of me and all my heirs 
to the aforesaid Nicholaus and his heirs or assigns in 
perpetuity. But for this remise, grant, and quitclaim 
the said Nicholaus has given me 2s. in silver. And 
that this my remise, grant, and quitclaim may forever 
remain firm and stable for me and my heirs or assigns, 
I have appended my seal to this present writing. 
Hiis testibus, Willielmo Hodekenas de Brohamton, 
Hugo Boltusham de eadem, Thoma de Clatar de 



134 GLOUCESTERSHIRE. 

Winchecumbe, Galfrido David de Cloppel, Roberto 
de eadem, Waltero de Sevenhamton, et aliis. 

A.D. 1325-26. — Charter of Nicholaus le ff reuse: — 
Be it known to those present as well as to those to 
come that I, Nicholaus le ffrense, of Brochamton, 
have given and granted, and by this my present 
charter have confirmed, to IVillielnms le ffrense, my 
brother, one messuage and one acre of land with their 
appurtenances in Cloppeleye near Sevenhamton, 
which messuage lies between the messuages of Ro- 
bertus le Hattere ; and the said acre is so divided that 
half the acre lies at Woldene, between the land of 
Robertus Brid and that of Henricus Reyner, and the 
other half-acre lies in Helewelslade, with the land of 
the said Robertus Brid on one side and that of the 
Bishop of Hereford on the other. The said tenement 
and acre of land with its appurtenances to be held 
to the said Willielmus and his heirs and assigns, freely 
and quietly, wholly and in peace, of the chief lord of 
the fee for the service due and customary. And I, 
the said Nicholaus, and my heirs will warrant and 
defend in perpetuity the said messuage and acre to 
the said Willielmtis, his heirs and assigns, against all 
mortals. In testimony of which I have appended my 
seal to this present charter. Hiis testibus, Roberto 
Soleres, Johanne Olive, Roberto Oudebi, Luca de 
Monte, Nicholao de Annesforde, Johanne de Walleye, 
Johanne le [H]eir, et multis aliis. Dated at Cloppe- 
leye, on the Sunday next after the feast of the Trans- 



GL O UCESTERSHIRE. 1 3 5 

lation of Saint Martin, in the nineteenth year of the 
reiofn of Kino- Edward, son of Kino; Edward. 

This Nicholatis leffrense, of Brochamton, is among 
the witnesses to an undated charter, wherein Williel- 
mus, son of Galfridus David, of Cloppeleye, grants 
to Stephanus de Cranebroc two acres of land in the 
fields of Cloppeleye, half an acre of which land lies in 
Cloppeleye, between the bishop's land and that of 
Thomas Capal, and half an acre lies at the end of the 
former; half an acre lies between the land of Ro- 
bertas Andreu and that of Willielmus de Calecumbe ; 
half an acre lies in Lindene, near the bishop's land, 
and it is the chief place ; besides half an acre which 
lies in Ellewelles slade, near the bishop's land. 



BRIGHTWELLS BARROW HUNDRED. 

ALDSWORTH. 

A.D. 1212-42. — Henricus, abbot of the monastery 
of St. Peter's, Gloucester, grants and confirms to 
Henricus, son of Radulfus Wyring, of Adlesworthe, 
seven acres of arable land with all its appurtenances, 
and one mansion with curtilage, in the vill of Aldes- 
worthe ; namely, that which lies between the mansion 
of Henricus Fraunceys and that of Wymundus, which 
mansion and land this Henricus, son of Radulfus, 
holds of the aforesaid Henricus le Fraunceys by char- 



136 GLO UCESTERSHIRE. 

ter and inheritance of the abbot's fee, paying yearly 
at Michaelmas to the abbot \2d. for all service. 

A.D. 1212-42. — Henricus, abbot, and the convent 
of St. Peter's, Gloucester, grant to Nicholaus de 
Collesburia, for his service, half a hide of land with 
its appurtenances in Aldesworthe, which Henricus le 
Fi'aunccys had held of the monastery. 



CLEEVE HUNDRED. 

GOTHERINGTON. 

Pleas of the Crown for this county before Simon, 
abbot of Reading, and his associates, justices itiner- 
ant, in 1221 : — 

Rogerus forestarius, of Hathirlege, killed Nicho- 
laus de la Grene, and fled. No one else is suspected, 
and therefore he is to be outlawed. Rogerus was of 
the mainpast of Henricus de Miners, who is dead. 
Roger's chattel consists of a chest (" archa ") and half 
a "crannoc" of corn, valued at i2d., for which the 
heir of Thomas de Rocheford shall answer; and he is 
in the custody of Ricardus de la Bere. 

It is found in the rolls of the coroners that Ro- 
bertus Bubelepaste fled on account of this death ; and 
therefore he is to be outlawed. The jurors know 
nothing about him, and did not present his flight, 
therefore they are in misericordia for concealing; 



GL O UCESTERSHIRE. 1 3 7 

and the villata of Hetherlee is also in misericordia for 
concealing pleas. Hugo, brother of this Robertas, 
was attached by Johannes le Franceis^ Willelmus de 
Gudrintone, Ricardus Durel, Gerardus de Gudrin- 
tone, Samson le Bedelle, and by the whole tithing of 
Gudrintone ; and he did not come. Therefore, he is 
to be captured ; and the aforesaid pledges are in 
misericordia. 



CROWTHORNE AND MINETY HUNDRED. 

AMPNEY. 

A.D. 1 2 19. — Galfridus le Franceis and Christiana, 
his wife, give half a mark to the lord the king for 
having a certain pone before the justices against the 
abbot of Tewkesbury, concerning a mill with its 
appurtenances in Upamenel. They are granted the 
writ, and the sheriff of Gloucester is commanded to 
take surety, etc. Teste Henrico, at Westminster, on 
the eighth day of November. 



DRIFFIELD. 

At the Pleas of the Crown for this county before 
Simon, abbot of Reading, and his associates, justices 
itinerant, in 1221, Willelmus Flur had appealed 
Robertus le Fraunceis, Rogerus Constabularius, Will- 
elmus Bucke, Gaufridus le Paumer, and Andreas de 



138 GLO UCESTERSHIRE. 

Lattone for breaking the king's peace. Willelmus 
was dead, and Robertus and Andreas did not come. 
Roberhis was attached by Walterus, tithing-man of 
Driffelde, and all his tithing; and Andreas by Will- 
elmus de Cimiterio, tithing-man, and all his tithing of 
Amene Abbatis, and therefore in misericordia. Ro- 
gerus and the others came; and the jurors said that 
a Willelmus Russel had wounded the aforesaid Will- 
elmus, and all the others assisted him in doing so, 
and therefore they are to be held in custody. Will- 
elmus Russel is dead ; and Rogerus, Willelmus, and 
Gaufridus made a fine of half a mark each by the 
surety of the abbot of Cirencester. 



MINETY. 

A.D. 1 28 1, Hilary. — In a plea at the court of the 
abbot of Cirencester, in this county, concerning seven 
acres of land at Mynty, Adam le Fraunceys is sine 
die; and Juliana, who has been wife of Willelmus de 
Mynty, did not come. 



DEERHURST HUNDRED. 

DEERHURST. 

At an inquisition made in the fourth year of the 
reign of Edward I. (1275-76) the jurors of this hun- 



GL O UCESTERSHIRE. 139 

dred said that Nicholaus Frmtceis, seneschal of the 
abbot of Westminster, took fines of three sheep 
thieves and of one whom he charged with theft. 

In 14 Edward I. (1286-87) it was shown by the 
twelve jurors of this hundred that Nicholaus dc 
Fraunceys, formerly seneschal of the abbot of West- 
minster at Derhurst, had taken fines for allowing four 
sheep thieves to escape. And the sheriff of Glouces- 
ter stated that the aforesaid Nicholaus le Fraunccis 
has nothing in this county for which he can be at- 
tached. Therefore, the sheriff of Hertford is ordered 
to make him come before the treasurer and the barons 
of the Exchequer in one month after the feast of 
Saint Michael. 

WELFORD. 

A. D. 1224-28. — Thomas, abbot of St. Peter's, 
Gloucester, and the convent of that place, grant to 
Ysabella, daughter of Matilda de Dunefelde, the vir- 
gate of land which Radulfus le Fraunceys and Mar- 
gareta, his wife, held of them ; she giving for the 
same yearly 43^^. at two terms for all service, saving 
reasonable aid at the tallage of the lord the king. 



I40 GLOUCESTERSHIRE. 

DUDSTONE AND KING'S-BARTON HUNDRED. 

BROCKWORTH. 

A.D. 1243-63. — Laurentius de Chaundos, knight, 
grants and confirms to Johannes, abbot of St. Peter's, 
Gloucester, and the convent of that place, all his 
lands in Brocworthe, in the field called Northfelde ; 
namely, that which lies at the new ditch between the 
land of Johannes Fraunccys and that of the prior of 
Lanthoney, which is extended in length from the way 
called Rugweye to the water called Horsbere, and in 
breadth from the said ditch to the opposite church of 
Brocworthe. 

A.D. 1243-63. — Laurentius de Chaundos, knight, 
(granted and confirmed for the welfare of his soul and 
that of Agnes, his wife, and for the souls of their 
antecessors and successors, to Johannes, abbot of St. 
Peter's, Gloucester, and the convent of that place, 
3^-. 6c/. annual rent, which JoJianncs Fraunccys was 
accustomed to give him for land and tenement which 
the said Johannes held of him in the vill of Broc- 
worthe and without. 

HARTPURY. 

A.D. 1266-67. — Robcf^tns Framiccys holds one mes- 
suage with curtilage in Hardepyrie, of St. Peter's, 
Gloucester. 



GL O UCESTERSHIRE. 1 4 1 

HIGHLEADON. 

A.D. 1266-67. — Willelnius le Frenshe holds, as free 
tenant of the abbot of St. Peter's, Gloucester, one 
messuage with curtilage at Hyneledene, and renders 
for the same yearly 8^. at Michaelmas. 



HIGNAM. 

A.D. 1266-67. — Willelnius Fratinceys holds a mes- 
suage with curtilage in Hynehame, of St. Peter's, 
Gloucester, for performing eight bedripes and col- 
lecting hay for three days, which work is valued 
at \i\d. 

KING'S BARTON. 

A.D. 1266-67. — The manor of Berthona Regis, held 
of the monastery of St. Peter's, Gloucester, has among 
its customary tenants Willelnius Fraunceys^ who holds 
half a virgate of land, and is due to work four days 
every second week; and the sum of the said work per 
annum, for half a virgate of land, is 5^-. \\d. 



142 GLO UCESTERSHIRE. 

KIFTSGATE HUNDRED. 

MEON. 

Pleas of the Crown for this county before Simon, 
abbot of Reading, and his associates, justices itinerant, 
in I22I. 

Rogerus de Mune and Ranulfus Eynolk, his brother, 
had killed Willelmus filius Henrici ; and they fled. 
Ranulfus was in the frankpledge of Sandulfus de 
Meone, who is in misericordia. Ranulfus is de- 
manded and outlawed, and so is Rogerus. But after- 
wards it was testified that Rogerus was not culpable, 
except that he had been present. Thereafter came 
Ricardus de Cloptone, and made a fine of 6 marks for 
havine him released on sureties that he will stand to 
right. 

The villata of Meone is in misericordia for default 
and for concealing the aforesaid Rogerus, about whom 
they would say nothing. 

The villata of Edelmintone concealed the said 
Rogerus in same manner; and, besides, they had 
falsely presented the death of Willelmus's wife, Ha- 
wisia, who had appealed the said Rogerus and Ranul- 
fus, although they knew she was living, and therefore 
in misericordia. 

Thereafter it was known that they had received 
Rogerus after the flight, and therefore in miseri- 
cordia ; and Rogerus is to be captured, and so is 
Hawisia. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE. 143 

Their chattels are worth 3 marks ; but it is to 
be inquired about Rogerus's chattel, for which Hugo 
de Coillardvilla, one of the coroners, should answer. 
No Englishry is presented, and therefore it is ad- 
judged murder. 

Among the pledges of Rogerus de Menes for 
standing to right was Hugo le Fj'-anceis. 



ST. BRIAVELL'S HUNDRED. 

FOREST OF DEAN. 

A.D. 1338, November 30. — At the inquisition made 
at Mucheldene (Michel-Dean) at this date, before 
Johannes de Macclesfeld, in regard to the right which 
the abbot of St. Peter's, Gloucester, claimed in the 
wood of Hopemaleysel (Hope Mansel), and concern- 
ing the boundary between this wood and the king's 
forest of Dene, among the jurors were Johajincs le 
Frenshe^ and four others, good and free men without 
the aforesaid forest. 



TEWKESBURY HUNDRED. 

TEWKESBURY. 

In the annals of the Abbey of Tewkesbury, for the 
year 1 249, is a record of a dispute between the bailiffs 



1 44 GL O UC ESTER SHIRE. 

of the Earl of Gloucester and Robertas, abbot of 
Tewkesbury, concerning the right of jurisdiction in 
the abbot's land in Dorsetshire. The abbot goes to 
the earl himself to complain ; and therefore the earl 
orders an inquiry to be made into the question of the 
abbot's right, and among the persons chosen to in- 
vestigate were Robertus de Lucy and Willelmiis le 
Franceys. 

BRISTOL CITY. 

A.D, 1232. — Walter Ic Framiccis was mayor. 

A.D. 1275. — Gerard le Franceis was mayor. 

A.D. 1288. — "Wednesday, on the morrow of the 
feast of Saint Thomas the Apostle, Matilda, relict of 
Thomas de Lyuns, late burgess of Bristol, releases to 
Thomas (?) Nas, burgess of Bristol, and his heirs and 
assigns, all her right, by way of freebench or other- 
wise, in the tenement in Wynchestret, Bristol, in 
which the said Thomas de Lyuns lived and died, 
being between the tenement of the said Walter (?) 
Nas and the tenement in which Walter, called the 
Yunge, lived. Witnesses, Richard le Draper, mayor 
of Bristol ; Geoffrey Agodeshalf and Simon de Bori- 
tone, prepositi of Bristol ; Walter Franceys, and 
others." (Hist. MSS. Com. App. to 5 Rep.) 

A.D. 1289. — John Franceis was seneschal. 

A.D. 1293. — Walter Franceis was mayor. 

Prob. A.D. 1 250-1 300. — Salonius filius Salonii, of 
Bristol, granted to the Church of St. Peter's, Glouces- 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE. 145 

ter, and the monks there, for the welfare of his soul 
and those of his ancestors, in free, pure, and perpetual 
alms, his land in Bristol ; namely, that which lies in 
Radeclivestrete, between the land of Vincentius spe- 
ciarius and that of Rogerus Gnawepeny. And, also, 
he granted to the aforesaid monks 4^-. which he was 
accustomed to receive yearly at Hokeday and Mich- 
aelmas of the land which Willelimis le Frmmceys held 
of him in fee ; namely, that which lies between the 
stone cross and the bridge of Brihtin (inter crucem 
lapideam et pontem Brihtine), etc. 

A.D. 1299. — John Franceis was seneschal. 

In the reign of King Edward I. (i 272-1307) Al- 
mariais French was master of the Collegiate Church 
and Hospital of the Virgin Mary and St. Mark, called 
the Guants of Billeswyck, afterwards the Mayor's 
Chapel. 

In 18 Edward III. (1344-45) the mayor and bailiffs 
of the vill of Bristol are directed to take into the 
king's hands all the lands, tenements, goods, and 
chattels of which Ebora7^dus le Frenshe, on account 
of deception and falsification, had been disseised ; 
namely, one tenement in Redeclyvestret and many 
others in several other streets in the vill of Bristol. 

A.D. 1349. — Reynold French was bailiff. 

In the twenty-fourth year of the reign of King 
Edward III. (1350-51) the king, for 10 marks paid to 
him by Johannes Odde of Bristol, Hugo le Proude, 
Johannes de Ronborwe, Ricardus le Vicorys, Johanna 



1 46 GL O UC ESTER SHIRE. 

le Frent, Robertus le Mareschal, TJiomas le Frenssh, 
and Robertus Wilymerssh, grants them that they may 
give and assign six messuages, four shops, one acre of 
land, and 12s. of rent, with its appurtenances, in a 
suburb of the vill of Bristol, to two chaplains, to be 
held by them in mortmain. 

In 27 Edward III. (1353-54) Reginaldus le 
Frensshe, of Bristol, was a merchant. 

In 1356 and 1358 Reynald le Fr-ench was mayor. 

In 1374 John French was vicar of the Church of 
St. Mary-Redcli£fe. 

Abstract of wills identified with the city of Bristol : 

A.D. 1385. — Adam Pountefreyt, of Bristol, in his 
will gives to Eve, his wife, property consisting of five 
shops, etc., in the suburb of Bristol, " apud la Barres," 
between the king's way eastward leading to the priory 
of St. James on the one part, and Wynchelane west- 
ward on the other part ; also four shops in the afore- 
said suburb " in la Brodemede," situate between the 
shop of William Pountfreyt and the shops which 
Maud le FrenscJi held. 

Maud le FjrnscJi is mentioned in the will of Walter 
Derby, burgess, dated on Thursday next before the 
feast of Simon and Jude, the Apostles, 1385. 

A.D. 1393. — Thomas atte Hay, burgess of Bristol, 
in his will, dated March 27, 1393, gives to Elen Ose- 
borne, for her life, a shop "in Brodemede juxt' reddit' 
Capellor Eboraj'd le ffrenschr 



GL O UCESTERSHIRE. 1 47 

A.D. 1393, April 18. — In the testament of Henry 
Wyvelescombe, he wishes to be buried in the Church 
of Holy Cross Temple of Bristol, before the altar of 
Saint James, or wheresoever it shall please God ; and 
he bequeaths as follows : to the use of that church 
two pairs of vestments, with a chalice, a missal, and 
other appurtenances, already in the church in a chest 
before the altar of Saint James, to serve at that altar, 
etc. ; to Sir Thomas Frejiss/i, chaplain, 20s. and my 
psalter in the chest aforesaid, etc. ; to Henry, son of 
Richard Sydenham, and his lawful heirs, the tene- 
ment inhabited by the testator " in vico Templi," situ- 
ate between what were formerly the tenements of 
John Fraunceys and Henry Babbecarry, etc. 

Adam Fi^ciisch, fletcher and burgess, in his will, 
dated Oct. 12, 1396, orders to be buried in the church 
of the Friars Minors of Bristol, beside late wife 
Maud. Legacies to the said friars, to the rector and 
every chaplain accustomed to celebrate in the Church 
of St. John; to the mother church of Worcester, to 
the fraternity of Saint John of Jerusalem, to the poor 
in the Hospital of St. Bartholomew of Bristol, to 
my poor neighbors. My clothes to be distributed for 
the good of my soul, etc. To wife, Alice, lands, tene- 
ments, etc., in the town and suburb of Bristol, for her 
life, while she keeps herself single: in case of her 
marriage, the said property to be sold ; half the 
money to be given to the said Alice, and the other 
half to be disposed of for the benefit of the soul of 



148 GLOUCESTERSHIRE. 

wife Maud, our parents, etc. Residue of goods to 
wife Alice. She, Richard Screven, and Robert 
Bowyer, executors, to each of whom 6^. 8c/. 

Proved before Thomas Wybbe, clerk, Jan. 22, 1397; 
also before the mayor. 

John FrcuscJi, burgess, in his will, dated Feb. 22, 
1398, requests to be buried in the Church of the 
Blessed Mary of Redcliff, by the holy font and the 
tomb of late wife, Julian. Legacies to the vicar of 
that church ; to the lame, blind, or leprous lying in 
the Hospital of -St. John the Baptist of Bristol, and 
such people in the suburb ; to Richard Pedewell, 
Agnes Plomere, Joan Freman, and Juliana Hastyne. 
To wife, Joan, for her life, a tenement in the suburb 
in " Redeclyuestrct," between the rent of Sir Thomas 
Broke, knight, and the tenement of William Selcok ; 
also, for her life, three shops in Redcliff hill, between 
the rent of the Blessed Mary of Redcliff and that of 
the Hospital of St. John the Baptist; the said prop- 
erty to be afterwards sold under the inspection of the 
procurators of Redcliff church, and the money given 
to a fit priest to celebrate therein for testator's soul, 
and the souls of his wifes, Julian and Joan. Wife 
Joan, John Wodle, and Thomas Erie, burgess, of 
Bristol, executors. " Dat' et act' in hospicio meo." 

Proved before Thomas Benet, canon of Wells, 
June 2, 1399; also before the mayor. 



HAMPSHIRE 



GENERAL. 

A.D. 1207. — Among the many pledges of Rogerus 
filius Adae, sheriff of Southampton, were Walterus 
Fraiiceis, who pledged for i mark, and Hermamis 
Franceis, who pledged for half a mark. 

A.D. 1 2 15. — The king to the sheriff of Southamp- 
ton, greeting. We command you to have Reginaldus 
de Gosefeld, who is in our prison of Winchester, 
accused for the death of Walterus Franceis, of Hecce- 
ford, to immediately renounce our realm of England, 
and that you peaceably permit him to depart. Teste 
Rege, at Winchester. 

Reginaldus de Gosefeld was pardoned by the king 
in the same year. 

Heckford does not appear in the modern maps of 
this county ; but at the Domesday survey a Hece- 
ford was near Appleford, in the hundred of Bove- 
come, in the Isle of Wight. There is, however, a 
Heckfield in the northern part of this county; and 
its location near a river may have originated a place 
name of Heckford. 



15° 



HAMPSHIRE. 



WINCHESTER CITY. 



A.D. I200. — Ralph Franccis was mayor. 

A.D. 1245. — It appears that Agnes, who had been 
wife of Rogerus de Aundever', Thomas Ic Fj^aitnccys., 
Johannes le Scoy, Stephanus Molendinarius, Johannes 
Molendinarius, and Eva la Nurice were held in the 
prison of Winchester for the death of the aforesaid 
Rogerus, for which the said Agnes and Thojnas were 
appealed and the others accused. The sheriff of 
Southampton is commanded to release them, if they 
shall find twelve free and loyal men to become their 
manucaptors, etc. And, also, the sheriff is ordered 
to take 20 marks of them as surety. 

A.D. 1276. — Ralph Frajiceis v^2iS mdiyor. 

A.D. 1305. — Ralph Franccis was mayor. 

A.D. 131 1. — Grant by Ingram de Farnham, rector 
of Nutschullyng, to Sir Robert de Maydenstane, 
rector of Michelmersh, of tenement in Minster 
Street, having the tenement of Laurence de Anne 
on the east. Witnesses, Sir Thomas de Warbelton, 
sheriff of Southampton ; Peter de Notleye, mayor ; 
John de Wight and Johfi le Frenschc, bailiffs, and 
others. 

Sealed with the common seal of the city and in- 
rolled in the City Court on the morrow of the feast 
of Saint Simon and Saint Jude, 5 Edward II. 

A.D. 1 31 2. — Commission of oyer and terminer to 
H. Spigurnell and W. de Hardene, touching the 



HAMPSHIRE. 151 

allegation that Peter le Mercer, Nicholas le Orfevre, 
Robert de Froille, Walter de Sutton, Geoffrey Haute- 
pas, John le Frensshe, John de Wyght, John Fraun- 
ceys, Ralph Fraunceys, with others their confederates, 
disturbers of the city of Winchester, prevent Peter 
de Nuttle, mayor of the city of Winchester, and his 
ministers, as well clerks as laymen, from exercising 
his ofiice in the city, from doing justice there, from 
castigating rebels, executing the king's mandates, 
and keeping the peace ; that they hold conventicles 
and meetings, notwithstanding the prohibition of the 
mayor as the king's minister, and do not allow them- 
selves to be brought to justice by him or his bailiffs; 
that they deprive certain citizens of the city of the 
liberty thereof, and of their own authority, without 
the assent of the mayor, admit strangers to that lib- 
erty; and, further, that they make and impose at 
their own will upon some of the citizens tallages, 
which are not only to the prejudice of the mayor, 
the king's minister, but also in derogation and con- 
tempt of the king's mandates, and to the impover- 
ishment of the city of Winchester. Dated at West- 
minster, on the 8th of September, 131 2. 

A.D. 1327. — Johamies le Freynshe was one of the 
bailiffs of the honor of Winchester. 



152 HAMPSHIRE. 



BASINGSTOKE HUNDRED. 

The De Forth or De Port family was identified as 
the lords of Basing. M. Delisle, in his " Companions 
of William at the Conquest of England in 1066," 
gives the name of Hugue de Port. The Domesday 
survey shows the lands of Hugo de Forth, including 
those of Basinges, Chineham, and Sireburne. 

" Adam de Port, who became a monk, was the son 
of Hugh de Port. On the day of the dedication of 
Newham chapel he gave to the Abbey of St. Vigor 
at Cerisy, in the Cotentin of Normandy, this chapel, 
with the tithes of Newham and Maplederwell." 

" His brother Henry de Port," who was a witness 
to King Henry I.'s charter of liberties in the year 
iioi, "founded the alien priory of Sherborne, with 
the gift of a great part of that place, which he do- 
nated to the same abbey, as is found by his charter, 
among the witnesses to which were Hadvis, his wife, 
and William and John, his sons " 

" John de Port confirmed the grant of his father, 
Henry, and added the chapel of St. Michael with the 
land of the old castle of Basing. Among the wit- 
nesses are Matilda, his wife, Adam and Hugh, his 
sons, Reginald de Port, Henry de Port, and Robert 
de Port." 

" Adam de Port, son of John de Port, evidently 
before he was accused of treason in 11 72, gave to the 



HAMPSHIRE. 153 

monks of St. Vigor the mill-tithes of Sherborne in 
exchange for the mill of Sherborne Pool, which they 
had by grant of Henry de Port, his grandfather. 
Among the witnesses to this grant was his wife, the 
Countess Sibilla." 

Of Adam de Port, Thomas Stapleton gives the fol- 
lowinof account : — 

" This baron appears to have been thrice married, 
and to have survived to the fifteenth year of the reign 
of King John. His first wife was Countess Sibilla, 
widow of Milo, earl of the county of Hereford, and 
daughter and heiress of Bernard de Novo-mercato, a 
powerful baron of that county, whose fief Adam de 
Port reported to the Exchequer, 14 Henry H. (Eyton 
states returnable on the 17th of March, 1166), with 
the nomenclature of the knight's fees held of the old 
and new feoffment; at which date his father, John de 
Port, Lord of Basing, in the county of Southampton, 
was still living. Not long after, a.d. 1172, an accusa- 
tion of treason was brought against him ; and, not ap- 
pearing to the summons to abide his trial, he was 
banished the realm, when his barony in the county 
of Hereford escheated to the crown, and ever after 
continued to be described in the records of this and 
the following reigns as feodum Adae de Port fugiti 
or fugitivi. By the Countess Sibilla he had no issue, 
and her property descended through her daughter by 
her first husband, Berta, wife of Philip de Braose, to 
William de Braose, who in 1194 paid 22//. 13-y. for 



154 HAMPSHIRE. 

the knight's fees which had belonged to Adam. His 
second wife was MabiHa (de Aureavalle), for the Hvery 
of whose inheritance in Normandy, and also that he 
might be restored to the king's favor and do his hom- 
age, Adam de Port, in 26 Henry II. (1179-80), gave 
this king 1,000 marks. By this wife Adam de Port 
had a son, William de Portu, who had possession of 
the honor of Lithaire in the second year of the reign 
of King John, and who, eventually inheriting the 
lands of the family of Sancto Johanne, through de- 
scent from Muriel, sister of William and Robert St. 
John, who had intermarried with his maternal ances- 
tor, de Aureavalle, thereupon assumed that local sur- 
name. The third wife of Adam de Port was sister of 
William de Braose. She was living in 12 10, 12th of 
King John, the year of her brother's rebellion. The 
cause of the seizure of the land of Adam de Port in 
the preceding fiscal year (1194), and its committal to 
ferm in the current year (1195), has not been discov- 
ered; but this disgrace was not of long duration, for 
on the later roll of Richard I. he is a debtor to the 
crown in 100//. for having the firm of Lithaire." 



BASINGSTOKE. 

From the return made to a mandate issued by 
King Henry III. on the 21st of May, 1238, by 
the sheriff of Southampton and Walter de Burgh, the 



HAMPSHIRE, 155 

king's bailiff of Basingstoke, it is found that the 
jurors say upon their oath that John Fitz-Ace held 
certain property in the manor of Basingstoke, — 
namely, one virgate and a half and ten acres of land, 
besides two tenants, William le Cok and Robert le 
Franceys ; and there was due yearly for the same in 
its entirety 105-. and /^d., and no other customs and 
burdens annexed to the said property. 

Circa a.d. 1250. — Grant in frankalmoign by Clem- 
ent, prior of Bromholm, to the brethren of the Hospi- 
tal of St. John of Basinggestoke, of half a mark of 
yearly rent in the villa of Basingess, which they held 
by the gift of William de St. John, for the mainte- 
nance of a lamp burning day and night before the 
cross in the church of the said hospital, for the wel- 
fare of their souls and the soul of the said William de 
St. John, and the souls of his ancestors and heirs. 
With the clause of distraint. Witnesses, Sir Henry 
de Ferleye, Sir Hamon de Basingge, Richard de 
London, Robert le Fraiiceis, John de Lunde, Anselm 
de Glanville, and others. 



BOUNTISBOROUGH HUNDRED. 

SWARRATON. 

Circa a.d. 131 2. — To all, etc., John le Frenche of 
Swarraton sends greeting. Know ye that I have 



156 HAMPSHIRE. 

granted, released, and for myself and my heirs wholly 
quitclaimed to God and the Blessed Mary and St. 
John the Baptist, and the brethren of the Hospital of 
St. John of Jerusalem in England, all the right and 
title which I had, or in any way could have in com- 
mon, in the wood of those brethren called Bugmore, 
and in all the pasture and in all the surrounding lands 
adjacent to the said wood, as far as le Holwey on the 
west, le Lynche near the Three Thorns on the north, 
and also in all the " plaisance " which is called La 
Donne with a certain arable adjoining, — as far as the 
glebe of the rector of the church of Swarraton on the 
east, except the pasture of two horses and one ox or 
one cow in La Donne aforesaid. Witnesses, John de 
Popham, miles ; Richard de Stratton, miles ; John de 
Basing, Robert de Tolford, William le Botiller de 
Candevere, and others. 

A.D. 1 34 1. — Johaimcs Ic FrcnsJi, Johannes le Mey, 
Johannes Alayn, and Willelmus Dodde were the 
jurors appointed in this parish for the inquisitio nona- 
rum. 



BUDDLESGATE HUNDRED. 

LITTLETON. 

A.D. 1265-66. — At the extent of the manor of 
Lutletone made in the fiftieth year of the reign of 
Henry HL, of the yearly value of the manor, upon 



HAMPSHIRE. 157 

the oath of senior and discreet men of this manor, it 
is found that Robertus Ic Frcnse holds half a virgate 
of land here of the monastery of St. Peter's, Glouces- 
ter, and shall make the following work, which is 
valued at lo^. 'i^d.: — 

He was to plough for the lord twice in a year 
(value 2d}j ; he was also on those days to eat with the 
lord, and to give chirsaec according to his portion 
(value 19^^.); to harrow (value Af\d)\ to hoe (value 2\ 
d.) ; to perform operations relating to hay as if he 
held an entire virgate (value 2d.); to plant beans 
(value ^d.) ; to wash and shear the lord's sheep (value 
hd.)\ to make a stack (hayrick) (value ^d.)] to per- 
form summage (value i\d.)\ to mow, as for one vir- 
gate (value 3^. lyid.); to perform three bedripes 
(value T,d.) ; to eat with the lord on those days, and 
to carry his corn in the autumn (value of such car- 
riage 4^.) ; or to thrash to the same value ; to collect 
nuts (value ^^.). Sum total of the work, los. ^^d. 



CHUTELY HUNDRED. 

MONKS SHERBORNE. 



Allusion has already been made in the records of 
this county to the foundation of the priory of this 
place by Henry de Port, of whom mention is made 
in the following undated charter, which was probably 



158 HAMPSHIRE. 

executed in the reign of King Stephen or early in 
that of King Henry II. : — 

Be it known to all, as well those present as those to 
come, that I, Baldwinus de Porteseia, by the consent 
and assent of my Lord Johannes de Porteseia, for the 
souls of Henricus de Porte and Hadewisia, his wife, 
and for those of my father and mother, as well as for 
the welfare of my soul and that of Adelide, my wife, 
give and confirm to the monks of Sireburnia one vir- 
gate of land in Froditonia, to hold in free alms 
forever, as freely and quietly as I held it, with two 
men — namely, Guillielmus and Ernulfus — living on 
that land, together with their infants. Witnesses, 
Radulfus Presbyter de Porteseia, Walterus Brito, 
Henricus de Maisnelleio, Reinelmus de Borhurst, 
Robertus de Ranill, Ricardus Clericus nepos Bald- 
wini, Rogerus Praetor de Froditonia, Mattheus de 
Scuris, Guillelmus de Hetheingedena, Hugo de 
Braib', Alexander de Monfichet, Guillelmus de Bera, 
Ruelendus de Mathingeleia, Ricardus et Jacobus 
filii ejus, Robcrtiis Frauceis, Jocelinus Cloeth, Magis- 
ter Osmundus, Guillelmus filius Ansgoti, Alexander 
Forestarius. 

The following charter was probably executed soon 
after the fifteenth year of the reign of King John 
(12 1 3-14); for in that year William de St. John gave 
the king 500 marks for the livery of the land of Adam 
de Port, his father: — 



HAMPSHIRE. 159 

Know all that I, Willielmus de Sancto Johanne, 
son and heir of Adam de Port, have granted, and 
by this my charter have confirmed, to Willielmus, 
son of Willielmus, the lands of Benetfelda, and that 
in Chinham, which Adam de Port, my father, and 
the prior and convent of Shireburne, had given to 
Willielmus, his father. To have, etc. Hiis testibus, 
Hasculio de Soleigni, Willielmo de Liuns, Galfrido 
de Windleshores, Ada de Bera, Ricardo de Warne- 
ford, Galfrido de Bono-fossato, militibus ; Galfrido de 
sancto Johanne, Roberto et Ada filiis meis, Roberto 
de Arundel, Radulpho Wirard, Henrico Taillard, 
Willielmo le Franceis, Willielmo filio Nicholai clerico, 
praesentis cartae notario, et multis aliis. 

The following charter of William de St. John is 
evidently of a somewhat later date than the preceding 
one : — 

To all to whom this present writing shall come, 
Willelmus de Sancto Johanne, son of Adam de Port, 
greeting. Be it known to all that neither I nor my 
heirs shall claim any right in the custody of the land 
formerly belonging to Willelmus le Fronceis, of Syre- 
burne, which Willelmus, the prior, and the convent of 
Syreburne, of their free will, after the decease of the 
aforesaid Willelmus le Fronceis^ granted to me. And 
because I will that neither I nor any one of my suc- 
cessors, on account of the prior's, etc., grant, may 
have any claim in this custody, I have granted, and 
by my present writing have confirmed, to the house 



i6o HAMPSHIRE. 

of Syreburne to have the freedom of the aforesaid 
custody. Hiis testibus, Gervasio, Priore de Enedewel ; 
Waltero Peverel, Heymerico de Cancell', Willelmo de 
Arundel, Josep Wastehuse, Nicholas Clerico, et aliis. 

A.D. 1278, 3d of July, "die domin. pr. f. SS. Processi 
et Martiniani," 6 Edward I. — Release from William 
le Weleys of his right in half a virgate of land in 
Syrborne Monachorum, which Geoffrey Hude for- 
merly held, about which there was a plea between the 
said William, claimant, and Thomas de Saunford, de- 
fendant, by the king's writ in the court of the prior of 
Syrburne, confirming to Ralph de Scures and Joan, 
his wife, a grant of the said land which the said 
Thomas de Saunford made to them while the suit 
was pending. Witnesses, William Wastehuse, Nich- 
olas Telbaud, Ralph Wastehuse, John le Waleys, 
Robert Franccys, and others. 

WOOTTON. 

The following letter of Bishop John of Pontiose 
was probably executed in 1282 or 1283, soon after his 
enthronement : — 

To all sons of Holy Mother Church to whom this 
writing may come, John, by divine mercy Bishop of 
Winchester, sends greeting in the Lord. Seeing that 
my Lord John, Archbishop of Canterbury and Pri- 
mate of all England, in exercise of his authority as 



HAMPSHIRE. i6i 

visitor of the bishopric and diocese of Winchester, 
which has for a long period lain vacant, on a question 
of tithes from the lands and tenements of Henry de 
Waterford, John Clerk, John Balrichare, Anastacia, 
Hugh de la Putte, Geoffrey Somerfoghel, Peter Note- 
kin, Nicholas le Man, Herbert de Wottone, Robert 
Archard of Worting le Franceys, Hugh atte Berche, 
James Ancel, Adam le Engles, Hugh atte Stane- 
crofte, John Trocurator (?), Felicia Ancel, and Fabian 
de Herdely, hath cited to judgment before himself 
and certain of his commissaries the prior and convent 
of Sherborne, who had been accustomed to receive 
these tithes, and Ralph de Stanford, rector of Wot- 
tone, who claimed them as belonging in common law 
to his church ; and seeing that these two parties for 
some time argued the case before him in person and 
before his commissaries; and seeing that by reason of 
certain grievances the said prior and convent ap- 
pealed to the Apostolical See at Rome, and obtained 
leave from the Pope to appeal ; and seeing that the 
appeal between the prior and convent and the rector 
made slow progress, — at length, after diverse in- 
quiries and arguments on either side, the said prior 
and convent of the one part, and the rector of the 
other, appearing in due form before us, fully and 
expressly renounced their quarrels and appeals, 
and, by the arbitration of my Lord John St. John, 
patron of the monks, willingly, and from top to toe, 
submitted to our arrangement of the church of Wot- 



1 62 HAMPSHIRE. 

tone, and our decision on the said tithes. Thereupon, 
we, desiring of our pastoral care to guard both parties 
from injustice, and paying attention to their several 
rights, have called in legal advice, and have decided 
to ordain as follows: In God's name. Amen. We, 
John, etc., in the matter of the aforesaid tithes claimed 
by the rector of Wottone from the monks of Sher- 
borne, ordain between the parties that the rector of 
Wottone and his successors shall in future receive in 
peace the tithes, greater and lesser, arising from the 
lands and holdings of John Clerk, John Balrichare, 
Anastacia, Hugh de la Putte, Geoffrey Somerfoghel, 
Peter Notekin, Nicholas le Man, Herbert de Wottone, 
Robert Archard, Fabian de Yerdely, as well as from 
the holding of William Bernard, which tithes the 
prior and convent have in times past received ; and 
we declare that these tithes belong in common law to 
him and his church, and we so decide finally. And 
as to this decision we impose eternal silence on the 
monks in question. Moreover, we decide that the 
said prior and convent of Sherborne shall in peace 
hereafter (as heretofore) enjoy the greater and lesser 
tithes of the lands and holdings of Henry de Water- 
ford in the domain of Wodegarston, and of the lands 
and holdings of Robert Ic Franceys, Hugh de Berche, 
James Ancel, Adam le Engles, Hugh Stancrofte, 
John Trocurator, and Felicia Ancel ; and, also, that 
the said monks shall be forever free from all claim or 
exaction from the rector or his successors in the 



HAMPSHIRE. . 163 

matter of the tithes arising from the lands and hold 
ings of the aforesaid Henry, Robert, James, Adam, 
Hugh, John, and Felicia. And as to this we impose 
on the rector and his successors eternal silence. And 
this ordinance and definition or division the parties 
have approved, and have taken their oaths faithfully 
to observe the same. In testimony, etc., we have set 
our seal, etc. 

A.D. 1301. — At the court of Hokeday, held at Wot- 
tone on Monday next after Ascension Day, Felicia, 
wife of Yvo le Frense, was in misericordia for trans- 
gression against Willelmus Balache. 



CRONDALL HUNDRED. 

A.D. 1 248. — In the Compotus Roll for the year 
1248, containing accounts of twenty-two estates be- 
longing to the priory of St. Swithun at Winchester, 
the two following records are given by the Serjeants 
and reeves in their account of Crondall, and Sutton, 
which was then part of the manor of Crondall : — 



CRONDALL. 

In defection of three acres which G. Franceis and 
Richard Huldemele held drown into the demesne, 2s. 



1 64 HAMPSHIRE. 

SUTTON. 

They also render account of dfd. from Walter le 
Franceis for power to go and return. 



SWANTHORP. 

A.D. 1287. — Gilbcrt2is Fraiicisciis and Thomas 
Huldemele hold one virgate of land in Swamdrop 
of the priory of St. Swithun by rent and service. 



EVINGAR HUNDRED. 

BAUGHURST. 

A.D. 1262-65. — To all, etc., Adam de Penbere, 
greeting, etc. Know ye one and all that after the 
quarrel between the Venerable Master, brother Ralph 
{i.e., Ralph Russell), D.G. prior of St. Swithun, and 
the convent on one side, and me on the other side, 
concerning a certain common of pasture of the prior 
and convent and their men at Baghurst, through 
intervention of common friends the said quarrel 
between us was thus appeased, as it ought to be; 
namely, that I, Adam de Penbere, have surrendered 
and quitclaimed for myself and my heirs to the said 
prior and convent and their successors in the church 



HAMPSHIRE. 165 

of Winchester the whole right and claim which I 
have had, or through any contingent right could 
have, over lands, pastures, ingress, egress, and com- 
mons of the said prior and convent and their men in 
Bagehurste, without any reclaim or reservation of me 
and my heirs forever. And for this my surrender 
and quitclaim the prior and convent have given half 
a mark of silver. And that this my surrender and 
quitclaim may obtain the force of firm and perpetual 
stability I have confirmed this present deed with 
the impression of my seal. Hiis testibus, Domino 
Petro de Sacy et Willelmo de Stratton, militibus ; 
Waltero de Berthona, tunc Senescallo Prioratus Win- 
toniensis ; Nicholao Francisco^ Henrico de Baghurste, 
et aliis. 



KING'S SOMBOURN HUNDRED. 

ELDEN. 

I Edward I. (1272-73). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Thomas de Brembleshete and Joan, his wife, against 
JoJui le Frmniceys, etc., touching a tenement in 
Elleden. 

Appointment of two justices to take the assize of 
novel disseisin arraigned by Thomas de Bremble- 
shete and Joan, his wife, against Robert le Fraunceys, 
etc., touching a tenement in Eldon. 



1 66 HAMPSHIRE. 

Besides this there are four additional suits between 
Thomas de Brembleshete and Robert Ic Fraunceys 
touching tenement in Elendon, before different 

justices. 

MAINSTONE. 

2 Edward 1.(1273-74). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assise of mort d ancestor arraigned 
by Adam Ic Frenshe de la More against John de la 
Salde, etc., touching possessions in Mahenstone and 
Romsey. 

5 Edward I. (1276-77). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Adam le Fraunceys against Christiana de la Slade 
and others touching a tenement in Mayhewiston. 



MANSBRIDGE HUNDRED. 

EASTLEY. 

A.D. 1 3 10, October 3. — Enrolment of release from 
Edmund de WyntreshuU to Walter de Wyntreshull, 
his brother, of his right in the manor of Estlye, 
County Southampton, with the advowson of the priory 
of Sandelford, County Berks ; and of his right in the 
manor of Puttenham, with the hamlet of Radesole, 
together with rents in Bromlegh, Wogheners, Clan- 
done, and Catteshull, County Surrey. To have and 



HAMPSHIRE. 167 

hold to the said Walter as fully as William, father of 
the said Edmund, had them of the gift of Beatrice, 
mother of the said Edmund, and afterwards of the 
release of William de Wyntreshull, son and heir of 
John de Wyntreshull, brother of Edmund. Wit- 
nesses, Sir Thomas de Warbleton, sheriff of South- 
ampton ; Sir John de Scuris, Sir John de Popham, 
Sir James de Northone, Sir John de Basinges, Sir 
Ralph de Stratton, Sir John Dabrenoun, Sir John 
de Hamme, Sir William de Aumbesas, knights ; 
William le Freinc/ie, and others. Dated at Estley, 
on Monday after the feast of Saint Laurence, 4 Ed- 
ward II. 



PORTSDOWN HUNDRED. 

BEDHAMPTON. 

In 15 Edward III. (1341). Johannes le Frenshe 
was among the jurors of this parish at the inquisitio 
nonarum. 

COSHAM. 

Account of serjeanties arrented by Robertus Pas- 
selewe in the county of Southampton, in the thirty- 
fourth year of the reign of King Henry III. (1249-50). 

The serjeanty of Petrus de Cosham, in Cosham, for 
which he was bound to send one mounted soldier 



1 68 HAMPSHIRE. 

into the castle of Porchester for forty days' service, is 
alienated in part. 

One virgate, thirty-two acres, and one rood of this 
serjeanty are so alienated that Thomas Ic Fraiinccys, 
Thomas Breilyf, Philippus filius Waited, Willelmus 
de Kenteys, the prior of Portesdon, Hugo de For- 
estarius, Rogerus de Cosham, and Willelmus filius 
Willelmi, hold it for 4^. per annum of said Petrus, 
who shall make the accustomed service aforesaid. 



THORNGATE HUNDRED. 

MOTTISFONT. 

A.D. 1309-10. — Willelmus Frcnchc grants to the 
prior of Montifunt one messuage and fifteen acres 
of land in Netherheldon. It is possible that this is 
Nether Haddon in Derby, where a Gtiilclmus Ic 
Frauccys held half the manor in 1282-83. 

A.D. 1 34 1. — The records of the parish of Motesfunte 
show that a Willelmus le Frenshe was among its 
jurors at the inquisitio nonarum. 

TYTHERLEY. 

A.D. 1226. — Adam de Alta Ripa appointed Radul- 
phus le Franceis his attorney in a plea against Wal- 
terus de Langeford, and others concerning land in 
Tuderlegh. 



HAMPSHIRE. 169 

ISLE OF WIGHT. 

NEWPORT. 

A.D. 1344. — Grant by William atte Hyde to John, 
called " le Langetaylur," of a tenement in the street 
called " Pilstret " in Neuport. Witnesses, John le 
Frensche and Robert de Comptone, bailiffs of that 
town, and others. Dated on Monday, the morrow 
of Saint Katherine, 18 Edward II. 

A.D. 1345. — Grant by John, called "le Langetaylur," 
to Stephen le Tapenir, of a tenement in the street 
called " Pilstret " in Neuport. Witnesses, John le 
Frensche and Robert de Comptone, bailiffs of the 
town, and others. Dated on Friday before the 
Epiphany, 18 Edward II. 




HEREFORDSHIRE. 



GENERAL. 

In the report returnable to the Exchequer on the 
17th of March, 1166, Adam de Port gives a Hst of 
the knights' fees held by him " de veteri feoffamento " 
in this county. Among these Thomas del Franc and 
Radulfus de Baskervill held each one knight's fee, 
Ricardus de la Folie two, and Walterus del Freisne 
held three knights' fees. 

Charter of confirmation by Johannes Picardus to 
the Church of St. John the Evangelist, in Breck- 
nock, probably executed in the latter part of the 
twelfth century : — 

Be it known to those present and those to come 
that I, Johannes Picard, have granted to God and 
the Church of St, John the Evangelist, in Brecchin, 
and the monks serving God there, all the donations 
which Picardus, my grandfather, and Rogerus, my 
father, have given in land and tithes ; namely, land 
" in valle Stradewy," according to the terms assigned 
by my grandfather ; and two-tenths of the whole of my 
lordship in Stradewy and Lancefrett, etc. Also I 
grant and confirm to this Church of St. John in Brec- 



HEREFORDSHIRE. 171 

chin eight acres of land in " Scorn Clineham," which 
my men have given to this church, etc. Among the 
witnesses are Radulfus de Baschavilla and Willelmus 
Fraiicigena. 

A.D. 1255. — Rogerus le Fraunceys, of Cletere, and 
Cristiana, his wife, give half a mark to the king for 
a " brevi de ingressu ad terminum." Therefore, the 
sheriff of Hereford is commanded to take, etc. 

A.D. 1258. — Rogerus de Ledwyc', Isabella, his wife, 
and Johannes Le Fra7iceys give 20i". for an assisa de 
morte antecessoris held before Nicholaus de Turri. 
And the sheriff of Hereford is commanded to take, 
etc. 

A.D. 1 29 1. — Pardon to Peter le Fraunceys and 
others of their outlawry in the county of Hereford 
for contumacy in not appearing before the justices of 
the bench to answer John de Ebroicis touching a 
trespass. Dated at Hereford, on the 2d of November. 

A.D. 1 31 5. — Willelmus de Frome was one of the 
two knights elected in this county to attend the Par- 
liament at Westminster in the octaves of Saint Hilary, 
20th of January, 1 315, to be held upon certain ardu- 
ous affairs, and particularly concerning the state of 
Scotland. His manucaptors were Galfridus de Sanes- 
feld and Willielmus le Fre^tcke. 



172 HEREFORDSHIRE. 

GRIMSWORTH HUNDRED. 

WELLINGTON. 

13th century. — Grant by Crisiiana le Fj-aunceys, 
of Welington, widow of Richard, son of Stephen de 
Welington, of land in the field of Welington, upon le 
Nethermersforlonge. 

WEBTREE HUNDRED. 

BREDWARDINE. 

A.D. 1272. — Inspeximus by Margery le Crone, 
daughter of Hugh de la Hulle, in the parish of Brede- 
wardine, of the grant in frankalmoign by Hugh, son 
of William le Crone, of Moccors, to the Abbey of 
Dore, of land lying next the lands of the said abbey, 
and of Margery, his mother; also grant of marl, sand, 
shingle, and a stone quarry, with free ingress and 
egress ; and also of common of pasture. Witnesses, 
Gilbert Taleboth, Hukelimis le Franceys, and others. 
Dated on Michaelmas Day, 56 Henry \\\. 

4 Edward L (1275-76). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned 
by Philippus, son of Hiikeliniis le Fraunceis, against 
Johannes Appouel, touching a tenement in Bred- 
wardine. 



HEREFORDSHIRE. 173 



KINGSTON. 



The date of the following record is indicated by 
the time when Hubert Walter was Archbishop of 
Canterbury. He succeeded to this post in 1193, and 
died, according to Matthew Paris, on the 3d of July, 
1205. During this period he is often recorded as one 
of the barons of the Exchequer. However, in the 
tenth year of the reign of Richard I. there are 
records of tallages of serjeanties in Lincolnshire and 
in Southampton, the latter being made by Hubert, 
Archbishop of Canterbury. These records may indi- 
cate a general tallage of serjeanties, which may have 
included the following tallage in Herefordshire : — 

The sheriff of Hereford and his associates, assigned 
to take tallage, report to Hubert Walter, Archbishop 
of Canterbury and Primate of England, that they 
have inquired about the serjeanties in Herefordshire, 
according to the form of his command. The follow- 
ing is pertinent to this subject: — 

Henricus le Fraunceys and Rogerus de Haya hold 
two parts of a carucate by serjeanty in Kyngeston, 
the part of Henricus valued at 3^. per annum, and 
that of Rogerus at 55-. 

Henricus Franciscus holds for summoning the 
barons. 

The following record seems to be about the same 
date as that preceding : — 

Henricus Franciscus holds half a hide, " a con- 



1 7 4 HEREFORDSHIRE. 

questu Angliae," for the service of summoning three 
barons of the county of Hereford, and conducting the 
king's treasure to London, at the cost of the king, at 
Easter and at the feast of Saint Michael. 

In continuation the Testa de Nevill gives addi- 
tional information of a later date, of which record 
we have the following translation : — 

Hciiricus le Frauiiccys held in the vill of Kingston 
half a hide of land by serjeanty in capite of the lord 
the king for service valued at 20s., which is alienated 
as follows : Thomas Amesey and Rosa, his mother, 
hold eighteen acres, valued at ']s. 6d. per annum ; 
Walterus de Kingeston holds eight acres of aforesaid 
hide, valued at 3^-. /^d. ; Walterus Wytside holds four 
acres and one messuage, the four acres valued at 2od. 
and the messuage at I2d.] Hugo k Fraiinccys holds 
four acres, valued at 2od. ; Ricardus de la Barewe 
holds one acre and a half, valued at 8^/. ; Willelmus 
Messor holds half an acre, valued at 3^^/. ; Margeria, 
sister of the earl (soror com'), holds one acre, valued 
at 5<y. ; Adam de Pistrino holds one acre, valued at 
6d. ; the Abbey of Dore holds four acres of land and 
one acre of meadow, the four acres valued at 2s., and 
the meadow at \2d. And, after the alienation of this 
20i'. of land, Heuricus Ic Fraunccys, heir of the afore- 
said Heiiricus, holds twenty-eight acres of the said 
hide, making the service due for the half of the hide 
of land; and it is valued at 9^-, 4c/. per annum. And 
two half-hides are due to carry the king's letters as 



HEREFORDSHIRE. 175 

often as they may come into the county of Hereford 
at CHfford, the tenants of one-half hide in one year, 
and those of the other in the next year. 

Hcnriciis le Frauiiccys came into the custody of 
the lord the king ; and Emericus de Chaunceus, then 
sheriff of Hereford (1240-46), took possession of this 
He7iricns and his lands on behalf of the king, and sold 
the wardship of aforesaid Hciu^icus and his land to 
Walterus de Kingeston for 4 marks. And the said 
Walterus held it in custody during eight years to 
the maturity of the aforesaid Hciiricus^ who then 
redeemed the land for 4 marks, but it is not known 
whether the sheriff answered to the king for the 
same or not ; and it was valued at 9^-. Afd. per 
annum, as previously mentioned, — namely, that land 
which the said Walterus had in ward of the sheriff. 

17 Edward I. (1288-89). — -^^ inquisition taken 
after the death of Henricus le Frarinccys shows that 
he held land, etc., in Kingeston, and, further, that he 
had enfeoffed land to Magister Walterus Le Mazun, 
of Hereford. 

By an escheat of the forty-fourth year of the reign 
of King Edward HI. (1370-71) it is found that 
Rogerus Frenshe held twenty-eight acres of land in 
Kyngeston, in Malefeld ; and in the same year the 
king commits to Henricus Cachepoll, of Hereford, 
the custody of twenty-eight acres of land, with its 
appurtenances, in Kyngeston, in Malefeld, in county 
Hereford, which belonged to the deceased Rogerus 



1 7 6 HEREFORDSHIRE. 

Frenshe, who, etc., to be held until the legal age of 
the heir, giving to the king lo^. per annum for the 
same. 



WOLPHY HUNDRED. 

LAYSTERS. 

Circa a.d. 1242-43. — In Lastes are two hides, of 
which Hugo de Kylpec holds one for knight's ser- 
vice, de veteri feoffamento, of the honor of Bohun. 
Rogerus and Johannes Franciscus hold the other, for 
the eight part of a knight's fee, of Lord Rogerus 
Pichard, of the honor of the Earl of Hereford. 



HERTFORDSHIRE. 



HERTFORD CITY. 

At the inquisition made at Hertford on Wednesday 
next after the feast of Saint Nicholas, in the third 
year of the reign of King Edward I. (1274), before 
Lord Robertus de Ufford and Radulfus de Sandwyco, 
the king's inquisitors, Ricardus Fraunceys, and other 
knights of this county, who were jurors, said upon 
their oath that Willelmus de Walenciis holds the 
castle of Hertford and the manors of Essenden and 
Bayford by a grant of King Henry IH. ; but they do 
not know by what warrant or for what service or the 
value of the same. 

At the assize held at Hertford on the morrow of 
All Souls' Day, in the sixth year of the reign of King 
Edward I. (1278), before Johannes de Reygate and his 
associates, justices itinerant, concerning the liberties 
of the abbot of Westminster, Ricardus le Fraunceys, 
knight of this county, was among the jurors. 



1 7 8 HER TFORDSHIRE. 

BRAUGHIN HUNDRED. 

GILSTON. 

At the essoins, etc., taken at Hertford on the 
octaves of Saint Michael, 6th of October, 1198, 
Matheus filius Willielmi essoined himself by Alexan- 
der filius Matildae in a placitum assisae versus Wil- 
lielmtis Franciis. Also Peter de Goldinton essoined 
himself by Rogerus Bataille in a placitum assisae 
versus Wtllielmus Francus. 

A.D. 1 1 99. — An assize came to make recognition if 
Robcrtus, father of Willielmus Franciis, had seisin 
in his demesne as of fee of the eight acres of land 
with its appurtenances in Gedeleston, on the day 
when he died, etc., which land Willielmus filius Gode- 
fridi holds, who produced a charter of Johannes de la 
Rokella of this grant, and the confirmation of Will- 
ielmus, Earl of Mandville, who was heir the afore- 
said Johannes, as Willielmus said. The day is given 
them in the octaves of Holy Trinity for hearing the 
judgment. 

At the pleas on the octaves of the Holy Trinity, 
20th of June, 1 199, Willielmus filius Godewici es- 
soined himself by Eliot filius Willielmi in a plea of 
hearing judgment against Willielmus Francus. 

At the pleas at the term of Saint Michael, 11 99, 
Willielmus filius Godefridi presented himself, on the 
fourth day, versus Willielmus Francus for hearing 



HERTFORDSHIRE. 179 

the judgment in a plea of eight acres of land with 
its appurtenances in Godeleston, which Willielmus 
Francus claimed by a writ of the assize against him ; 
but Willielmus Franctis neither came nor essoined 
himself. Therefore Willielmus filius Godefridi with- 
drew without any day being assigned for hearing. 



BROADWATER HUNDRED. 

HATFIELD. 

At an inquisition of the manor Hathfeud, made in 
the twenty-first year of Hugo, Bishop of Ely, a.d. 
1277, by Rogerus de Abiton, then steward, it is found 
that this manor is in the county of Hertford and in 
the hundred of Bradewater. The advowson and right 
of presentation belong to the Bishop of Ely, and it is 
in the bishopric of Lincoln. 

Johannes Blundus holds three parts of one virgate 
in Haneshyda, and Symon le Franceis holds the fourth 
part, for which they pay together \bd. per annum, 
besides two hens at Christmas and ten eggs at Easter ; 
and they shall make two days' work weekly from the 
feast of Saint Michael to the gules of August, and 
four days' work weekly from the gules of August to 
the feast of Saint Michael. Johannes also holds 
three and a half acres of land for which he gives 7^., 
and some heath land for which he gives \d. at Mich- 



i8o ' HERTFORDSHIRE. 

aelmas. Also the said Simon le Franceis holds " de 
Colegraive," for which he gives 3^. per annum, be- 
sides Vzd. at Michaelmas. 



CASHIO HUNDRED. 

ST. ALBANS. 

8 Edward 1.(1279-80). — Commission to Richard 
le Fraunceys and three others of gaol delivery for 
St. Albans. He is again mentioned with others in 
the same capacity for St. Albans in the following 
year. 

A.D. 1352. — Grant by Richard Gardyner of Bishop's 
Hatfield to William Frayjishe, of St. Albans, and 
Agjies, his wife, of a messuage with a curtilage in 
Sopwellane, St. Albans, abutting on the stream of 
water running from Halywelle to Sopwelle mill. 
Witnesses, John de Wynslowe, bailiff of St. Albans, 
and others named. Dated on Thursday, the Purifi- 
cation, in the twenty-sixth year of the reign of King 
Edward HI. 

A.D. 1264. — At the inquisition held at Chipping 
Barnet on Wednesday, the feast of Philip and James, 
the Apostles, in the thirty-eighth year of the reign of 
King Edward III., before Thomas de Frowik, "cleri- 
cus mercati hospitii domini regis," regarding the 
liberties of St. A\h2ins,Jo/ianii€s Frcusshe was among 
the jurors. 



HERTFORDSHIRE. i8i 

HITCHIN AND PIRTON HUNDRED. 

KIMPTON. 

3 Edward I. (1274-75). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Richard le Franceys against Robert de Gravele, touch- 
ing a tenement in Kimpton. 




HUNTINGDONSHIRE. 



HURSTINGSTONE HUNDRED. 

At an inquisition made in the fourth year of the 
reign of King Edward I. (1275-76) the jurors of the 
hundred of Hirstinstan said that Saerus de Frunceis^ 
sheriff of Huntingdon, and Thomas Huntingdon, his 
clerk, did not execute the king's command in a writ 
of novel disseisin, before M. de Lytlebir', between 
Ricardus de Bruchton and the Bishop of Ely. 



COLNE. 

In the seventh year of the reign of King Edward I. 
(1278-79) Radulphus de Franceys held in Collen, of 
Johannes de Collen, one messuage, containing one 
rood, for 6^. per annum. 



WOOD HURST. 

A.D. 1278-79. — Nicholaus Franceys holds in Wode- 
hirst one messuage, containing half a rood and three 



. HUNTINGDONSHIRE. 183 

acres of land, for finding a lamp before the cross in 
the church of Wodehirst. 



LEIGHTONSTONE HUNDRED. 

LEIGHTON. 

At the inquisition made at Huntingdon in the 
seventh year of the reign of King Edward 1.(1278- 
79), before Willelmus Muschet and others, the jurors 
of the hundred of Leyttonstone said that Master 
Robertus de Winchelse, canon of Lincoln, holds the 
manor of Leyton ; and he has in demesne six caru- 
cates of land, twenty-four acres of meadow, ten acres 
of pasture, one detached meadow called Redmad, 
one garden containing four acres, twenty acres of 
wood, and one windmill. He has a free tenant, 
Rogerus le Lord, who defends half a knight's fee for 
the said Robertus de Winchelse, and holds in de- 
mesne two virgates of land and three acres of meadow. 

Among the tenants of this Rogerus le Lord is 
Johannes de Maperton, who holds of him one virgate 
of land. And among the tenants of this Johannes de 
Maperton is Rogerus Fraunceys, who holds eight 
acres ; and he, with others, shall till with the lord's 
plough, take care of the lord's oxen, and plough his 
own land with the lord's plough. 



1 84 HUNTINGDONSHIRE. 

NORMAN CROSS HUNDRED. 

CALDECOT. 

A.D. 1251, September 4. — At an inquisition made 
at this date it is found that Alicia Fratuiccys holds 
half a virgate in this place, of the abbot of Ramsey, 
for numerous services. 

At an inquisition made in the seventh year of the 
reign of King Edward I. {1278-79) it is found that 
Lord Willelmus de Brus holds the manor and vill of 
Caldecote of Lord Robertus de Brus for the third 
part of a knight's fee, and it is of the honor of Hun- 
tington. To the said vill belong three and a half 
hides of land, each hide containing five virgates of 
land, and each virgate containing twenty-five acres. 
Of these hides the said lord has in demesne four vir- 
gates of land, each virgate containing twenty-five 
acres with adjacent meadow. The court of the 
said manor with garden contains two acres. He has 
also three acres of woodland, detached pasture con- 
taining half an acre, and a windmill. 

Among the tenants of this Willelmus de Brus 
was Alicia Fraimceys, holding half a virgate here, 
rendering yearly 2Qs. for all work and service. 



HUNTINGDONSHIRE. 185 



ELTON. 



No date. — ■ Grant by Isabel, daughter of Letitia de 
Ailintone, to Robert, her son, and Matilda, her daugh- 
ter, of a messuage with a toft and croft in Ailintone, 
containing forty-four feet by fifty-eight feet, the croft 
abutting on Rudichway ; two acres in Ailinton fields, 
part on Cleyfurlong, by the highway beneath Mi- 
chele grove, abutting one end toward Walmisford 
and the other toward Ogerston (south of Folks- 
worth), parts by " gores " of Robert, son of Walter, 
son of Emma, and abutting on Milneweye ; four 
acres and a half that Letitia, her mother, bought of 
Lady Ysoud, late the wife of Philip, son of Achard 
de Ailintone, for 47^-., part of the tillage called 
" Longewonge " abutting on the great road from 
Walmisford to Ogerston, part between Gorewong and 
Twelveacris, and abutting on Billingbrok, part upon 
Herdewykbenelond and abutting on Billingbrokfur- 
long, part between the abbot's tillage called " Riew- 
ong " and Akirmanlond ; and one acre and a half, 
part lying at Buruweye plot between Andrew le Her- 
mite's land and "le Akirmanislond," part between 
" le Furweys," part by " le Gildengore" : paying 9^. 
yearly. Witnesses, Sir Roger de Cunintone, vicar; 
Gerald de Wyldebeuf, Henry Franceys, and others. 

A.D. 1267-85. — Grant by John, son of Henry le 
Fratmceys, of Aylington, to Sir William, the abbot, 
and the convent of Ramsey, in frankalmoign, for 



1 86 HUNTINGDONSHIRE. 

20S., of one acre of land in Aylington, half at Wes- 
tereston, abutting on Neutoneweye, and half at 
Byllingbroc. Witnesses, John, son of John de Ayl- 
ington, Walter Produme, and others. 

A.D, 1267-85. — Grant by John, son of John de 
Aylinton, to William, the abbot, and the convent of 
Ramsey, of an annual rent of 2^. issuing from a mes- 
suage with croft in Aylinton, held by Thomas Joute 
and Matilda, his wife, situate as described. Wit- 
nesses, Roger, son of Hugh Brian, Gilbert Fraun- 
ceys, 2ir\di John, his brother, and others. 

A.D. 1267-85. — Grant by William le Freman, of 
Aylington, to William, the abbot, and the convent of 
Ramsey, for i6j., of land in Aylinton, situate as de- 
scribed. Witnesses, Sir Robert de Hale, clerk ; 
John de Aylington, Gilbert Fratmceys, and others. 

A.D. 1275. — Grant by John Cardun, of Wynewik, 
and Benigna, his wife, to Sir William, the abbot, and 
the convent of Ramsey, for 17 marks, of land with 
toft and croft in Aylington that Robert le Rus for- 
merly held of them. Witnesses, Roger, son of Hugh 
Brian, Gilbert and John Franceys, and others. 

A.D. 1275. — Certificate of John Cardun, of Wyne- 
wik, and Benigna, his wife, that within the quindene 
of Easter, 1275, at the mandate of William, abbot of 
Ramsey, they will at their own expense go before the 
justices at London, return, and stay there until the 
abbot or his attorney, at his own cost, has made a 
chirograph of the land in Aylington that Robert le 



HUNTINGDONSHIRE. 187 

Rus formerly held, of which they have made a grant 
to the abbot. Other covenants specified. Witnesses, 
Roger, son of Hugh Brian, Gilbert and John Fraun- 
ceys, and others. 

No date. — Grant by Geoffry Blundel, of Aylinton, 
to Thomas Sauvage, burgess of Stanford, for 20s., of 
land in Aylinton, adjoining the abbot of Ramsey's 
land called " Akir Manlond " on the south, and abut- 
ting eastward on Mersfurlong, and westward on the 
road called " Riggewey." Witnesses, yb//;^ le Fraun- 
ceys and others. 

At an inquisition made in the seventh year of the 
reign of King Edward I. (1278-79) it is found that 
the abbot of Ramsey holds the manor and vill of 
Aylingtone, with its appurtenances, in capite of the 
lord the king. 

Among his free tenants here was Johajines Fraun- 
ceys, who held and defended one virgate of land " de 
conquestu," giving to the said abbot for the same 6s. 
per annum, and tilling yearly eight acres of land with 
his own plough, and making two bedripes with all his 
family, except his wife, 

Gilbertus Fraunceis holds two acres and a half of 
land of the same virgate by charter, giving for the 
same dfd. to the sdld Johannes Fratuiceys. 

Matilda Fraunceys holds three acres and one rood 
of the same virgate by charter, giving to the said 
Johannes Fraujiceys 8d. 

Robertus Chapman holds two acres and a half of 



1 88 HUNTINGDONSHIRE. 

land, by charter, of the same virgate, giving for it to 
the ?,2i\6. Johan7ies Fraunceys i\d. 

Johannes Fraunceys should make suit at the court 
of the abbot of Ramesheye, at Brouttone, twice a 
year, and, if the king's writ came there, " from three 
weeks to three weeks," and give ^d. as aid at the 
feasts of Saint Michael and Easter. 

In a record, without date, it is found that Gilbertus 
le Fraunceys and Robertus filius Evae should give to 
the abbot of Ramesey half a quarter of fodder-corn at 
the feast of Saint Edmund the King and one hen 
at the feast of All Saints' ; and Gilbertus Fratmceys 
should give one hen at Christmas. 

A.D. 1 291. — Agreement concluded between John 
de Langetoft and Alice, his wife, on the one part, and 
Robert de Hale, rector of Aylingtone, on the other, 
to end the dispute between them concerning the 
lands, etc., formerly belonging to William, son of 
John le Lord, and John, his son and heir, in Ayling- 
ton and Wermington, whereof Robert was enfeoffed 
and out of which Alice, mother of the said John, 
sought reasonable dower. The said Robert, by ad- 
vice of his friends (named), on Tuesday before Saint 
Nicholas, 20 Edward I., 1291, in Aylington church, 
agreed that the aforesaid Alice should be dowered 
anew with the lands in the greater middle and smaller 
fields in Aylington, herein accurately specified, — 
wherewith John and Alice are content for their third 
part, — and that the residue of the whole tenement of 



■ HUNTINGDONSHIRE. 189 

the said William and John should remain to the said 
Robert, with the exceptions stated. Robert also 
agreed that two parts of a capital messuage, whereof 
they asserted they were enfeoffed for the term of 
Alice's life, should remain to them at will, subject to 
their good behavior. Witnesses, John, son of John 
de Aylington, Gilbert Frannccys, Jo/in, his brother, 
and others. Dated at Aylington, the vigil of Saint 
Thomas the Apostle, 20 Edward I. 

At the Great Court, at Broughton, held on Tues- 
day, the feast of the Translation of Saint Hugh, in 
the twenty-first year of King Edward, at the begin- 
ning of the eighth year of Abbot John (6th of October, 
i2<^'^^ Johannes Fraunceys., of Ayllington, and others 
did not come, wherefore they were distrained. 

In the following year (1294), on Tuesday, the octave 
of Saints Peter and Paul, Johannes Fraunceys was 
among the jurors at an inquest held at the same 
court. 

At the inquisition made at St. Ives on the 17th 
of March, 1295, before Hugo de Babinton, sheriff of 
Huntingdon, concerning those who held lands and 
rents to the yearly value of 40/., Johanjies Fraunceys, 
of Aylington, was among the jurors. 

A.D. 1 301. — Johannes le Fraunceys was summoned 
from the counties of Cambridge and Huntingdon to 
perform military service in person against the Scots. 

Writ of military summons addressed to Johannes 
le Fraunceys recites that, the Scots persevering in 



IQO 



HUNTING D ONSHIRE. 



their wickedness and malice, the king had determined 
to march against them after Whitsuntide, when the 
truce, concluded at the request of the King of France, 
would expire. He, Johannes Ic Fraunceys, is there- 
fore requested and required to appear at the muster 
at Berwick-upon-Tweed, on the feast of Saint John 
the Baptist, 24th of June, with horses and arms, etc., 
in order to resist in repressing the pride and rebellion 
of the enemy. Teste Rege, at Northampton, on the 
twelfth day of March, 1301. 

A.D. 1304. — Grant h^ John Fraunceys, of Aylington, 
to Robert, son of Stephen de Hale, clerk, of land in 
the fields of Aylington, situate as described. Wit- 
nesses, John le Lord of Aylington, Hugh Prest, then 
the abbot [of Ramsey's] bailiff in Aylinton, and 
others. Dated at St. Gregory, the Pope's Day, 32 
Edward I. 

OVERTON WATERVILLE. 

7 Edward 1.(1278-79). — Among the free tenants 
of Thomas de Lovetoft in this place was Willelmus 
Fraunceys, who held one virgate of land by charter, 
giving to Thomas de Lovetoft, heir of Rogerus de 
Lovetoft, a half-penny per annum. 

STIBBINGTON. 

This place probably comprises the ancient location 
of Sybeston. The Domesday survey, however, shows 
that Stebintone belonged to Sibestun. 



HUNTINGDONSHIRE. 191 

At an inquisition held in the seventh year of the 
reign of King Edward I. (1278-79) the jurors of 
Normancross hundred said that the Templars hold 
one hide and a half of land in Sybeston in perpetual 
alms by the gift of Willelmus de Merk, who held it 
of the honor of Bolonie. Of this land they have in 
demesne two virgates, each containing thirty acres, 
besides thirteen acres and a half and one rood. 

Ascelynus le Flemyng holds three roods of meadow 
of Walterus Frattnceys, belonging to the said thirteen 
acres and a half and one rood, giving yearly for 
the same one -root of sfino^er to the said Walterus 
Fraunceys. 

Among the free tenants of the Templars in this 
place was Walterus le Fraunceys, who held, by charter, 
half a virgate of land, one virgate containing thirty 
acres, giving yearly for the same 4^-. Of this half 
virgate he has in his hands one messuage and three 
acres of land, and the said Templars hold seven 
acres of the said half virgate. 



TOSELAND HUNDRED. 

At an inquisition made in the seventh year of the 
reign of King Edward I. (1278-79) it is found that 
among the free tenants of the fee of Dervergull de 
Balliol in Toselond hundred was Thomas de Catte- 
worth, among whose three villani was Willelmus 



192 HUNTINGDONSHIRE. 

Franceys, who held ten acres of land and one rood 
of meadow in villeinage, giving yearly to the said 
Thomas 'js. A^d. for service and custom. 



CALDECOT. 

At an inquisition made in the seventh year of the 
reign of King Edward I. (1278-79) in the hundred of 
Thouleslond the jurors said that Robertus de Toten- 
hall, with his tenants, holds in capite of R. de Brus 
in the hamlet of Caldecote and in Touleslund one 
whole knight's fee by homage, forinsec service, and 
suit; and he has in demesne one hundred acres of 
arable land and one acre and a half of meadow. 

Thomas le Fraunccys holds twenty acres of land of 
this Robertus de Totenhall, by homage and forinsec 
service, giving for the same one pound of pepper. 

Among the tenants of the prior and convent of St. 
Neots in this hamlet of Caldecote was Thomas le 
Fraiaiceys, holding six acres of land, and giving iS^^. 
to the prior for the same. 



HEMINGFORD. 

A.D. 1209-10. — A final concord was made in the 
King's Court between Robertus Blay, plaintiff, and 
Nichola de Hemingford, defendant, touching two 
hides of land and the third part of three mills, with 



• HUNTINGDONSHIRE. 193 

appurtenances, in Hemingford. Robertus acknowl- 
edged all the aforesaid land and the third part of the 
said mills to be the right of this Nichola; and for this 
recognition, fine, and concord Nichola granted to 
Robertus six virgates of the aforesaid land, with ap- 
purtenances, which included the land of Ricardus 
Franceis and others. To have and to hold to the said 
Robertus and his heirs of Nichola . . . for the service 
of a fifth part of a knight's fee for all service. 



LITTLE PAXTON. 

At an inquisition made in the seventh year of the 
reign of King Edward I. (1278-79) it is found that 
Galfridus le Moyne holds and defends half a knight's 
fee in Parva Paxton, by homage and forinsec service, 
of Lord Robertus de Brus, of the honor of Hunting- 
don, and he makes suit at the court of the said Ro- 
bertus at Huntingdon from month to month ; and 
this Lord Robertus de Brus holds of the King of 
Scotland, and the King of Scotland of the King of 
England. 

Among the free tenants of this Galfridus le Moyne 
was Willelmus Franceys, holding ten acres and one 
rood of land with one rood of meadow, giving yearly 
to the said Galfridus 8j-. and one capon. 



KENT 



GENERAL. 

On the morrow of Saint Andrew, ist of December, 
1 1 94, Adam, de Cerring' essoins himself de malo 
veniendi by Simon le Franccis in a placitum terrae 
versus the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

On the 2d of May, 11 99, Stephanus Harengot 
essoins himself by Gilbertus Franceis at an assize of 
mort d'ancestor against Hugo Coffun and Ricardus. 

A,D. 1258. — Ricardus le Frannceys and four others 
give half a mark for an assize held before Nicholaus 
de Turri. And the sheriff of Kent is commanded, 
etc. 

A.D. 1263. — Thomas le Frannceys, Qf^xvc\.2ir\M's> filius 
Rogeri, Willelmus and Hugo, his brothers, and 
Clemens filius Hamonis give half a mark for an 
assisa de morte antecessoris held before Willelmus 
de Wylton'. And the sheriff of Kent is commended, 
etc. 

CANTERBURY. 

The vigil of Saint Thomas the Apostle in the 
month of December, 1 1 76. — Controversy between 



KENT. 19s 

Roger, the elect of St. Augustine, Canterbury, and 
the men of Thanet as to whether the latter were 
entitled to go to the chief court of St. Augustine, 
Canterbury, to plead their causes and obtain justice 
or whether they ought only to go to their halmote in 
Thanet. Witnesses, Johannes de Cardif, Elias de 
Shilinghelde et Daniel frater ejus, Adam de cher- 
inges et Yvo filius ejus, Gerusasius de Hosprenge et 
Herueus nepos ejus, Fulco Peisforiere et Ricardus 
peisforiere, Osbertus franccis, Henricus de Marisco, 
Robertus filius Heilnoth, et multis aliis. 

In the time of King Edward I. or II. (i 272-1 327) 
the Friars Heremites, of the order of Saint Augus- 
tine, obtained a settlement and house in the parish of 
St. George, by the gift of Richard French, baker. 

A fine was made at Westminster, in the octave of 
the Purification of the Virgin, 1 331, between William 
le ffrensshe, of Canterbury, plaintiff, and John Lamb, 
of [San ?] denne, and Clemencia, his wife, defendants, 
of one messuage and ten acres of land, with appurte- 
nances, in the suburbs of Canterbury. John and 
Clemencia admit it to be the right of William, and, 
for themselves and the heirs of Clemencia, grant it to 
him and to his heirs, and receive 20 marks for the 
concession. 

A.D. 1332. — A fine was made at Westminster, on the 
morrow of the Purification of the Virgin, in the sixth 
year of the reign of King Edward III., between Will- 
iam ffreyjishe, plaintiff, and John ffreynshe and Sara, 



196 KENT. 

his wife, defendants, of one messuage with appurte- 
nances in the suburbs of Canterbury. John and Sara 
admit it to be the right of William, and, for them- 
selves and the heirs of Sara, grant it to him and his 
heirs, and receive 10 marks for the concession. 

In the Kent Archaeological Society's publications, 
under the heading of " The Friars-Preachers, or 
Black Friars of Canterbury," is the following notice 
of records : " An increase of their homestead was 
made in 1338, by the addition of a messuage, which 
was assigned to the friars by William le Frenshe and 
John atte Brome, of Canterbury. According to the 
inquisition taken at Canterbury, Feb. 26, 1337-38, by 
writ of the 12th, the messuage was held of the arch- 
bishop, by service of 15^/. a year for all services, and 
was worth 6i-. 8c/. over and above the rent. The 
mortmain license was given April 15 following, for 
which the friars paid a fine of one mark." 



AYLESFORD LATHE. 

At an inquisition made in the third year of the 
reign of King Edward I. (1274-75) the jurors of the 
hundred of Shamele (Shamwell) said that Willebmis 
Frauccys had taken ^d. of Johannes filius Philippi 
for releasing him from the assize. 



KENT. 197 

FRINDSBURY. 

6 Edward I. (1277-78). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned 
by William de la Bruer' against Roger le Fraunceis 
and Humphrey de Dulle, touching a tenement in 
Frendebir'. 

LENHAM. 

2 Edward I. (1273-74). — Appointment of Master 
Richard de Stanes to take the assize of mort d'an- 
cestor arraigned by Margaret, late wife of Richard le 
Fraunceis, against William de Hever, etc., touching 
possessions in Lenham and Middleton. 

3 Edward 1.(1274-75). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of mort d'ancestor arraigned 
by Margery, late wife of Richard le Fraunceys, against 
William de Heure and Agnes, his wife, and others, 
touching possessions in Middleton and Lenham. 

4 Edward 1.(1275-76). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take an assize of mort d'ancestor arraigned 
by Margery, late wife of Richard Framiceis, against 
William de Heuere and others, touching messuage, 
land, and rent in Middleton and Lenham. 

MEREWORTH. 

2 Edward L (1273-74). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 



198 KENT. 

Matilda Frawiceys against Richard Attebern', touch- 
ing; a tenement in Mareworth. 



NORTH FLEET. 

A.D, 1290. — At the ordination held in Tenham, on 
Saturday in Pentecost week, in this year, Willebnus 
Fratinceis, of Northflete, was among those chosen 
acolytes. 

THURNHAM. 

Charter to Combwell Priory : — 

" Date apparently after 1264, the date of the death 
of Robert de Mankesey, if we may suppose him to be 
the same as Robert Gatton." (Archasologia Cantiana, 
vol. 5, p. 221.) 

William de Say, as superior lord, confirms the prior 
and convent of Cumbwell in their seisin of land in 
Thurnham, granted to them by Robert de Mankesey, 
deceased, which he had by grant from Thomas de 
Bavelingham and Mabel, his wife. Hiis testibus. 
Domino Johanne de Say fratre meo. Domino Roberto 
de Castelon, Willelmo de la Forde, Simone de Bon, 
Galfrido de Frimingeham, Willelmo Fraiiceis, Ro- 
berto Coc, Brin de War, Willielmo Coco, et multis 
aliis. 



KENT. 199 



TUNBRIDGE. 



A.D. 1279. — Placita de Juratis et Assisis before Jo- 
hannes de Reygate and his associates, justices itin- 
erant, at Canterbury, in this county, in the octaves 
of Saint Hilary, in the seventh year of the reign of 
King Edward I. 

Gilbertus de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hert- 
ford, was summoned to answer to the lord the king 
by what warrant he claimed to have suit at his ban- 
lieue (lucatam) of Tonebrigge, in this county, of Wil- 
lelmus de Parrok, Simon Fraunceys, and many others, 
which suit Ricardus de Clare, father of the said Gil- 
bertus, had withdrawn from King Henry, father of 
the present king, and the hundred of Brenkesley 
(Brenchley). 

And Willelmus de Gyselyngham, the representa- 
tive of the king, said that the said King Henry (HI.) 
had the suit of the aforesaid persons, but the earl had 
withdrawn the same, etc. 



ST. AUGUSTINE LATHE. 

DOVER. 

A.D. 1 27 1 . — " Writ ' de aetate probenda ' to Stephen 
de Penecester, constable of Dover, to inquire whether 
Ralph Fitz Bernard, son of John Fitz Bernard, de- 



2 00 KENT. 

ceased, was of age or not at the escape of four rob- 
bers from the prison of Kingesdon, and by conse- 
quence whether he or the executors of Imbert Pygeys, 
deceased, who had custody of his lands during his 
minority, were Hable to the king for the ' redemption ' 
or fine for their escape. Tested at Westminster, on 
the 28th of August, 55 Henry III." 

The inquisition was made before Sir Stephen de 
Penecester, constable of Dover and justice by ap- 
pointment, by oath of Hugh le Franceys^ John de 
Chimberham, Alan de la Laese, and nine others 
named. 

RICHBOROUGH. 

A.D. 1272, June 17. — Johannes Peckham, Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, on this date addressed a letter 
to the prior of Christchurch, Canterbury, in which he 
desires him to cease his prosecution of Willelmus 
Franccis, parson of the church of Riseberg, in a 
secular court. 

WOLTONE. 

A.D. 1 346. — Edward, Prince of Wales, son of King 
Edward III., commonly called the Black Prince, ac- 
cording to Collins, was knighted on the twelfth day 
of July, in the twentieth year of his father's reign, 
when sixteen years and twenty-seven days old. The 
knighting of the king's eldest son was one of the 



KENT, 201 

three prerogatives of the crown, the ancient laws of 
England allowing the sovereigns to levy these aids 
without special consent of their subjects ; the limit of 
each assessment being 40^'. for each knight's fee, or 
those holding their land by that tenure. In the 
archives of this county we find the following account 
of this aid for knighting Prince Edward, in which the 
collectors record that they received of the abbot of 
St. Augustine, in Canterbury, Johannes de Lydle, 
Johannes Luns, Rogerus de Garwyntone, Willchmis 
le Frienshe, and their parcenaries, 2Qs. for half a 
knight's fee at Woltone, which Johannes de Woltone 
held near Garwyntone, in (the parish of) Lytlebourn, 
of the Abbey of St. Augustine in Canterbury, of 
which the abbot holds an eighth, as is shown by the 
inquisition. 

SCRAY LATHE. 

At an inquisition made in the third year of the 
reign of King Edward I. (1274-75) the jurors of the 
hundred of Faversham, in the lathe of Strawynghope, 
said that Thomas Andree, formerly bailiff of Straw- 
inghope, had charged Hugo Franceis with using his 
{Franceis) pasture during the time his tenement was 
in the king's hand, taking from him 8^-. 8^/. for the 
same. 

The jurors of the hundred of Rulynden (Rolven- 
den) said that Hugo de Wy, bailiff, for two years 



202 KENT. 

past had taken about 2 marks of several men for 
releasing them from the assize and putting others in 
their places. Among those named were Martimis 
Franccsctis, from whom he took 7</., and Thomas le 
Franceis, from whom he took dd. 

They also said that Hugo de Blithe, constable of 
Rofa (Rochester), in the time of King Henry, by an 
accuser named Wulbald' unjustly attached six loyal 
men of the hundred of (Rulyn)dene, among whom 
was VVillehnus Franccys. 

7 Edward I. (1278-79). — Richard de Esingdene, 
when coroner of the Seven Hundreds of the Wealds, 
made answer for his time to the justices. Under 
the hundred of Chart it is thus recorded: Hcmy 
Franccys, Robert, his brother, and Thomas, son of 
Richard de Doverdenne, as they were engaged in 
bathing, were drowned in a certain marlpit (marleria) 
in the borough of Schirimplingford. 

BENNENDEN. 

A.D. 1 25 1. — Writ to inquire whether the land of 
Ralph de Weyte in Benindenn, outlawed for felony, 
has been in the king's hands for a year and a day or 
not, and of whom he held, etc. Tested at Windsor, 
loth of August, 35 Henry HI. 

The inquisition was taken by Hereword de More, 
William Francois, Hubert de Rolande, Thomas de 
Benindenn, Richard Francois, and others, who say 



KENT. 203 

upon their oath that the land which was the aforesaid 
Ralph's was in the king's hands for a year and a day, 
and that the said Ralph held the said land of the 
abbot of Robertsbridge and the convent of that place. 



NEWINGTON. 

A.D. 1 2 14. — The sheriff of Kent is commanded not 
to claim the misericordia of Robertus Peverel or 
Ricardus le Franceis on account of a novel disseisin, 
made of the free tenement of Willelmus de Yelsted 
and Robertus, his son, in Newetun and Yelsted. 

WYE. 

The Bishop of Hereford (Richard Swinfield, a 
Kentish man) had license to confer orders, dated at 
Wingham, 13 Cal. April, 1 291 [-92]. 

At the ordination held accordingly by the Bishop 
of Hereford in the parish church of Wye, in the dio- 
cese of Canterbury, on Saturday, Walterus Frau7iceys 
was among the persons of the diocese and jurisdiction 
of Canterbury who were ordained acolytes. 

Rentals and customals of the manor of Wye to 
Battle Abbey in the reign of King Edward I. (1272- 
1307): — 

Willelmus Fraunceys paid ly^d. 

Adam Fraunceys paid i^Ad. 



2 04 KENT. 

Willelmus and Walterus Fraiinccys paid 6d. in 
Ochholt, or Bocholt. 

Thomas Faber paid 2d, for Johannes Fraiinceys, in 
the same place; and Johannes Frannceys gave two 
hens. 

SHEPWAY LATHE. 

ALDINGTON. 

A.D. 1320. — A fine was made at Westminster, on 
the morrow of All Souls' Day, in the fourteenth year 
of the reign of King Edward II., between Robert le 
ffrenshe, plaintiff, and Thomas Smyth, and Dionisia, 
his wife, defendants, of one messuage and two acres 
of land, with appurtenances, in Aldynton', next 
Smethe. Thomas and Dionisia admit it to be the 
right of Robert ; and for themselves and the heirs of 
Dionisia grant it to him and his heirs, and receive 
IOO.S-. for the concession. 

HYTHE. 

27 Edward III. (1353). — John, son of John Bats- 
wein, of Hethe, grants to Gilbert de Sende, Richard 
Batswein, Richard Scriveyn, Henry Wace, Peter Es- 
peloun, and Gilbert de Coumbe 2s. 2d. of yearly rent 
in Hethe, which he purchased of Martin le Fj^cnche, 
arising from a tenement near the lands of Reginald 
Miller and of Isabel Bordoun. Witnesses, William 
Hamptone, bailiff, and others. 



KENT. 205 

In 16 Richard II. (1392-93) John French was re- 
turned to Parliament for the town and parish of 
Hythe. 

20 Richard II. (1396-97). — Hamon Scriveyn, chap- 
lain, and William Waltone grant to the poor breth- 
ren and sisters of the Hospital of St. Bartholomew a 
piece of land which they had of the gift of John 
Godyscalk, in the parish of St. Nicholas, and near 
land of the hospital and of Henry Fysshe. Wit- 
nesses, John Frensshe^ bailiff, John Storm, Henry 
Browning, and many others. 

TREHANSTON. 

This ancient place was located in Romney Marsh, 
and the following notice of a writ and inquisition in 
regard to it may interest those who have not already 
seen it in the " Arch^ologia Cantiana": — 

A.D. 1252. — Writ to inquire whether the land of 
Trehanston, which the brethren of the king's Hospi- 
tal of Ospring have of the king's bailiwick, be of the 
king's domain or his escheats, and, if his escheat, 
why ? and how much it is worth, and whether the 
king can grant it to whom he will. Tested at Can- 
terbury, March 10, 36 Henry III. 

The inquisition was taken by Nicholas Jordan, 
Thomas Jordan, Simon Warman, James le Franceis, 
and others, who say upon their oath that the said land 
of Tryenestone, immediately after the conquest of 



2o6 KENT. 

England, was given to a certain knight named Tryan, 
who held it so long as he lived, and after his decease 
Hugh Tryan, his son and heir, retained it, and, after 
the said Hugh, Robert Tryan, son and heir of the 
said Hugh, retained it. So that the said Trian, 
Hugh, and Robert held the said land without chal- 
lenge from the lord William the King, the Bastard, 
to the time of King John, who took the said land, 
together with other lands of the Normans, into his 
own hands, as his escheats, and expelled the said 
Robert, the last holder, from the kingdom of Eng- 
land, and held it in his own hand for two years, and 
afterward gave it to Alberic de Marinis, to hold at his 
pleasure, who held it to the time of our lord, the 
King Henry that now is. And they say that, because 
the said Alberic ill-treated the tenants of the said 
manor, the said tenants came to our lord the king, 
and complained to him of much wrong inflicted upon 
them by the said Alberic, so that, owing to the said 
complaint, our lord the king took away from him 
the said land, and conferred it on Walter de Burgo; 
and, after Walter de Burgo, our lord the king gave 
it to Thomas de Normanvill, to hold during pleasure ; 
and, after the said Thomas, Nicholas de Chandeler 
held it, of the gift of our lord the king, during pleas- 
ure ; and afterwards our lord the king conferred it 
upon Jordan de Monte Martini, to hold during pleas- 
ure ; and after the said Jordan our lord the king 
conferred it on the brethren of his Hospital of Os- 



KENT. 207 

preng, who still hold it. The said land is worth 
yearly, in rents and other issues of land, lOOs., the 
service of the chief lord reserved. 



SUTTON AT HONE LATHE. 

DARTFORD. 

6 Edward 1.(1277-78). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Henry de la Hull against Radidph le JFrenske, touch- 
ing a tenement in Derteford. 



GREENWICH. 

Adam Frenssh, of East Grenwich, paid \s. 3//. 
toward the subsidy granted to King Edward IH. in 
the first year of his reign (1327). 



WRICKLEMARSH. 

In the rental of Writelmarsh, in the hundred of 
Blackheat, for the twelfth year of the reign of King 
Edward I. (1283-84), among the tenants paying quit 
rent to the chief lord was Alice le French. 



LANCASHIRE. 



GENERAL. 

A.D. 1272. — Rogcriis k Frail jiays and Matilda, his 
wife, give half a mark for having a writ in this year. 
And the sheriff of Lancashire is ordered, etc. 



LONSDALE HUNDRED. 

The period of the execution of the following four 
charters seems to be indicated by the records found 
of some of the witnesses, which are recorded between 
the year 1249 and 1273: — 

BOLTON LE SANDS. 

To all who see or hear this present writing, Simon 
de Thorbrondesheuved, greeting. Know ye that I 
have given, remised, and altogether quitclaimed from 
me and my heirs forever, to God and the Church of 
the Blessed Mary of Lancaster, to the prior and 
monks there serving God, an annual rent of ^a'., in 
which the aforesaid prior and monks are held to me 



LANCASHIRE. 209 

annually for the lands and tenements which lie in the 
vill of Bolton, of the gift of Thomas de Coupmanwra, 
and which the said Thomas had of my gift, and of 
the gift of my ancestors in the vill of Bolton, so that 
neither I, Simon, nor my heirs, nor any one in our 
name can, from henceforth, demand or put forward 
any right or claim in the aforesaid annual rent of \d., 
or in the lands and tenements aforesaid, with their 
appurtenances, in part or in whole, nor in the homage 
or service demanded or obtained from the aforesaid 
lands and tenements, except in participation of the 
goods which fall to the church aforesaid. And, that 
this my gift, remise, and quitclaim may remain firm 
hereafter, I, for myself and my heirs, have sealed this 
writing with my seal. Hiis testibus, Benedicto Ger- 
net, domino Willelmo de Heton, Hormo de Kellet, 
Johanne de Oxclyve, Johanne de Coupmanwra, Jo- 
hanne de Paries, Willelmo ffraiinceys^ et multis aliis. 

Know present and to come that I, Willelmus 
ffraunceys, of Bolton, have given, granted, and by this 
my present charter have confirmed, to Thomas de 
Coupmanwra a certain part of my land ; to wit, three 
perches in the field which is called Graithwaite, and 
a perch which extends to the Meaning of Adam, son 
of Gilbert de Bolton. To have and to hold to him and 
his heirs or his assigns, freely, quietly, by hereditary 
right, with all liberties and easements, so far as per- 
tains to so much land within the vill of Bolton and 
without. And I, the said Willelrmcs, and my heirs, 



2 10 LANCASHIRE. 

will warrant, acquit, and defend the said land, with 
the appurtenances, to the said Thomas and his heirs 
or assigns, against all men and women forever. In 
testimony whereof I have set my seal to this writing. 
Hiis testibus, Alano de Catherton, Johanne de Ox- 
clyve, Gervasio de eadem, Willelmo filio Simonis, 
Henrico iilio Gilberti, et aliis. 

Know all that I, Willclnnis ffrainiccys de Boulton, 
have remised and altogether quitclaimed from me and 
my heirs forever, to God and the Church of the Blessed 
Mary of Lancaster, to the prior and monks there 
serving God, the whole right and claim which I ever 
had or could have in all the lands and tenements, 
with their appurtenances, which the aforesaid prior 
and monks hold in the vill of Boulton of the gift of 
Thomas de Coupmanwra, and which the said Thomas 
had of my gift, and of the gift of my ancestors, so 
that neither I, Willelmiis fframiccys, nor my heirs, 
nor any one in our behalf can, from henceforth, de- 
mand or lay claim to any right or claim in the afore- 
said lands and tenements, or in the homages or ser- 
vices to be demanded or obtained from them, except 
a participation of the goods which fall to the afore- 
said church. And that this my remise and quitclaim 
may hereafter remain stable I have set my seal to the 
present writing. Hiis testibus, domino Benedicto 
Gernet, Johanne Gernet de Caton, domino Willelmo 
de Heton, Ormo de Kellet, Nicholao de Lee, Johanne 
de Oxclyve, Johanne de Coupmanwra, et aliis. 



LANCASHIRE. 



LANCASTER. 



Know present and to come that I, Ormus filius 
Haraldi de Lancastre, have given, granted, and by 
this my present charter have confirmed, to Gyleminus 
ffranciscns, formerly a servant of the lord the prior of 
Lancaster, an acre of land in the territory of Lancas- 
ter; that, namely, which I bought of Adam, my 
brother. To hold and to have of me and my heirs, 
to him and his assigns, freely and quietly, peacefully, 
and entirely, with all liberties and easements pertain- 
ing, within the vill of Lancaster and without. And I, 
the said Ormus, and my heirs forever will warrant the 
said acre of land, with the appurtenances, to the afore- 
said Gyleminus and his assigns, against all men and 
women, for 3 marks of silver given to me by the 
aforesaid Gylemimis in my necessity. In testimony 
whereof I, for me and my heirs, have set my seal to 
this v/riting. Hiis testibus, Laurencio filio Willielmi 
tunc tempore Senescallo domini Prions Lancastrie, 
Rogero filio Fulconis, Thoma filio Rogeri Conne 
tunc tempore prepositis Lancastrie, Pagano Nimca(.f'), 
Waltero Ruffo, Willelmo clerico, Willelmo filio Jo- 
hannis, Roberto filio Hugonis, cum tota curia Lan- 
castrie, et aliis. 

ULVERSTON. 

A.D. 1285. — Charter of Roger de Lancaster: — 
Know those present and to come that I, Rogerus 



2 1 2 LANCASHIRE. 

de Lancastre, have granted and quitclaimed forever, 
for me and my heirs or assigns, what belongs to us, 
that all my burgesses of Ulverston in Furness and 
their heirs or assigns be quit and free " ab omni officio 
camerarii," so that neither they, their heirs, assigns, 
or successors, can be compelled by me, my heirs, or 
assigns, to give any restitution or in any other manner 
be burdened, except by that which belongs to the bur- 
gage, and is performed by the burgesses of Kirkby, in 
Kendale. And I, Rogerus, and my heirs or assigns 
will forever warrant, acquit, and defend what belongs 
to us, in the said liberties, to the aforesaid burgesses 
and their heirs or assigns. In testimony whereof I 
have appended my seal to this present writing. Hiis 
testibus, Thomas de M. Orthyngs tunc priore de Con- 
niggesheved, Domino Ricardo Le Fleming, Johanne 
de Cornubia, Ricardo de Brockton, militibus ; Gil- 
berto de Bronolesheved, Domino Hugone Capel- 
lano, Johanne Le Fi^annceys, et aliis multis. Dated 
at Wytherslake, on the day of Saint Thomas the 
Martyr, in the thirteenth year of the reign of King 
Edward. 



SALFORD HUNDRED. 

WORSLEY. 

Memorandum of a charter which was probably exe- 
cuted between the years 1239 and 1275, in which 



LANCASHIRE. 



213 



Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Con- 
stable of England, grants to Milo de Bohun, his son, 
the land which the said earl had in the vill of Weres- 
legh, to hold to the said Milo and the heirs of his 
body, with remainder to John de Bohun, son of the 
said earl, and the heirs of his body, remainder to the 
right heirs of the said earl. Witnesses, Roger le 
Rus, Nicholas Lupus, Nicholas Peivre, knights ; 
Simon de Herdewyke, Robert de Axemwe, Richard 
Fratinccys, Richard Balehorn. 




LEICESTERSHIRE. 



GENERAL. 



In three weeks of Saint John the Baptist, 15 July 
1 199, Robertus de Theobaville, being in service of 
the lord the king on the other side of the sea, essoins 
himself by Stephanus Franceis in a placitum terrae 
versus Ricardus de Leicester. 



LEICESTER CITY. 

William Martyn, webster, and James Frcnche, Web- 
ster, were found guilty of offences against the rules of 
their craft during the mayoralty of William Ferrour, 
who was mayor of Leicester in the years 1373 and 
1384. 



FRAMLAND HUNDRED. 

EDMONDTHORPE 

In the year 1297 Henry Frminccys, Richard de la 
Grene, Roger le Clerk, William Rauglon, Elen atte 
Goters, William Jurdane, and Thomas super le Grene 



LEICESTERSHIRE. 



2^5 



held the tenth part of a knight's fee in Thorpe Ed- 
mund by homage and suit at court, of the fee of Ed- 
mund " Crouchback," late earl of this county. 



SAUVEY CASTLE. 

This castle was located on the border of County 
Rutland, near Laund Abbey. 

In the fourth year of the reign of King Edward I. 
(1275-76) the jurors of Framelund hundred said that 
Alanus de Rodewell, Osbertus le Fraiiceys, Henricus 
de Corby, Johannes de Overton, and Gregorius, ser- 
vants of Gilbertus de Segrave, Hugo de Tykehull, 
Rogerus Anbof, Willelmus de Kent, Willelmus Trus- 
sel, and Baldewinus de Paunton have damaged the 
frame-timbers, the locks of the doors, windows, lead- 
works, etc., in the castle of Sauure, but they do not 
know to what amount. 



THORPE ARNOLD. 

William Franc eys is mentioned as a vicar of the 
church of Thorpe Ernald in the year 1278. 



WALTHAM ON the WOLDS. 

The succeeding translation of a very early charter, 
found in Nichols's History, which he gives from Peck's 



2 1 6 LEICESTERSHIRE. 

MSS., has more than special interest as bearing on 
the surnames under consideration. The grantor was 
Simon de Sancto Licio, de St. Lize, de Senlis or Sil- 
vanectensis. There was a family of Senlis of great 
antiquity who were designated as Bouteillers of 
France. Besides, a few miles to the north of Paris the 
name is perpetuated in a vill where anciently was a 
royal residence. M. Delisle, in his list of the com- 
panions of William in 1066, gives the name of Simon 
de Senlis. His name does not appear in the Domes- 
day survey, which was finished in 1086 ; but apparently 
soon after this date he was created Earl of Hunting- 
don and Northampton, which earldoms were before 
held by Waltheof, whose daughter Matilda he mar- 
ried. She v\'as grand-niece of King William I. 
Simon de Senlis is said to have taken the cross about 
1095, becoming a crusader in the following year. He 
was a witness to King Henry 1,'s Charter of Liberties 
in iioi, after which year Doyle states that he became 
again a crusader, and died before 1109. This record 
indicates that the grant was executed somewheres 
between the years 1086 and 1109, but Hcrleivinus 
Francigcua was probably the holder of the land at 
Waltham before the year 1 1 00. 

Hcrlcwimis, the Christian name of Fj^ancigcna, is 
rarely found in early English records. It does not 
appear among the companions of the Conqueror. 
Very few are found in the Domesday survey bearing 
surnames. However, Robert, Earl of Morton (half- 



LEICESTERSHIRE. 217 

brother of King William), had a brother Harduinus, 
mentioned in this survey, their father being Herle- 
winus de Conteville. 

This charter shows the earliest record the writer 
has found of one bearing the surname of Francigena, 
in which is given the location of the land which he 
held. 

Charter of Simon de Senlis I., Earl of Northamp- 
ton, of four bovates in Waltham : — 

Symon, earl, to all faithful as well present as to 
come, greeting. Know ye that I have granted, and 
by my present charter have confirmed, to God and the 
Church of St. Mary of Belveer (Belvoir, in Lincoln- 
shire), and the monks serving God there, for my wel- 
fare and that of all my ancestors and heirs, in pure 
and perpetual alms, four bovates of land in Waltham, 
with all its appurtenances, which Herlewinus Fran- 
cigena held. To hold freely and quietly ... of all 
customs and exactions, and of all secular service to 
the lord the king, and to me, as the charter of . . . 
countess, my mother, shows. Testibus, Ricardo de 
Luvetot ; Matilda de S. Licio, uxore ejus ; Willielmo 
de Albenio et Rogero fratre ejus; Waltero de Clap- 
tuna ; Ricardo Frumentio ; Rogero de Haer ; Radul- 
pho de Luvetot ; Rogero filio Humfridi, Willielmo 
camerario comitis ; Gaufrido cyrographista ; Rogero 
clerico, Roberto Frumentio, et Ricardo de Somer- 
villa. 



2i8 LEICESTERSHIRE. 

GARTREE HUNDRED. 

BILLESDON. 

IVillehmcs Fra7iceys, of Bilsdon, gave to the Abbey 
of St. Mary de Pratis at Leicester one rood of land 
in Bilsdon ; namely, that which lies " super le 
Breche " and is extended " in Baltresike." 

" The abbot and convent of St. Mary de Pratis at 
Leicester had considerable property in Billesdon, the 
gift of various benefactors, among whom was William 
Franceys, etc. : all which grants were confirmed by 
charter of King Henry IL (1154-89)." 

In 1234 William Franceis, SQiSQ-d of certain lands 
at Billesdon, conveyed them by deed to Robert de 
Diggeby. 

HUSBANDS BOSWORTH. 

In the seventh year of the reign of King Edward I. 
(1278-79) an inquisition was made concerning the 
knights' fees in Leicestershire before Henricus de 
Nottingham and Johannes de Arundell, inquisitors on 
the command of the lord the king, by twelve jurors 
who say that in Boseworth are twenty-four carucates 
of land, etc. Henricus Frauccis and Simon Cocus 
hold one virgate, etc. 

Alexander Frauccis, Heuricus Frauccis, and Henri- 
cus Ellis hold three virgates of land of the abbot of 



LEICESTERSHIRE. 219 

Suleby (or Welford, in Northamptonshire) by free 
service. 



GOSCOTE, EAST, HUNDRED. 

SKEFFINGTON. 

The proximity of this place to Billesdon is suggest- 
ive that the William Fraunceyes named therein may 
be the same persons mentioned in the ensuing record. 

The abbot and convent of Croxton had here con- 
siderable possessions. " The following is an extract 
from their original register " : — 

We have, by the donation of Willielmus Fraunceys, 
six roods and half an acre of land ; and two butts 
(seliones) ; and all the meadow which he held in Rol- 
linston-broc. 

Also of this same Willelmus all the land which he 
had in Longedale-lund, in pure alms. 

We also have, by the gift of Willielmus, son of 
Willielmus Fraunceys, two butts of arable land, with 
appurtenances. 

We have, by the gift of Willielmus Fraunceys of 
Skestington, one cultivated land in the territory of 
Skestington, — namely, six butts and one " forera," 
with a certain chief meadow and one piece of meadow; 
one rood of land with a certain small meadow-island; 
and two roods of land with two adjoining meadows, in 
Skestington. And, besides, he has confirmed and 



2 2 o LEICESTERSHIRE. 

quitclaimed to us one toft in Skestington, in free, 
pure, and perpetual alms. 

Also Willielnius Fi^aunceys has remised for himself 
and his heirs all the right and claim which he had in 
all his lands and tenements which were formerly his 
ancestors'. And he will warrant, etc. 



GOSCOTE, WEST, HUNDRED. 

REMINGTON. 

In 1222 Bartholomeus Basset, of Heminton, made 
a fine of 5 marks for having the justices to take an 
assize against Brianus Forestarius and Thomas le 
Fra7iccis, touching a tenement in Heminton. 

In 1279 Robert Balle and Richard Fraiinccys, of 
Remington, were manucaptors for the attendance in 
Parliament of Sir Thomas de Meignell, who had 
been elected one of the members of the county. 

A.D. 1297. — Robertas Fratinccys, of Hemyngton, was 
a manucaptor of Thomas de Meynel, one of the two 
knights elected for this county to appear before Ed- 
ward, the king's son, lieutenant in England, at the 
Parliament at London, in eight days of Saint 
Michael, October 6. 



LEICESTERSHIRE. 



OVER SEAL. 



The Vernon family had property in Over Seile as 
early as the reign of King John, in right of the lord- 
ship of Appleby Parva ; this last having in that reign 
been given by Robert de Stockport to William de 
Vernon and his heirs ; and by an inquisition taken in 
1279 it appears to have been the inheritance of Rich- 
ard de Vernon, 3d {le Fraunceys), who was at that 
time a ward to Edmund Crouchback, the king's 
brother, then styled comes de Ferrer, who held it in 
fee of the king, as part of the honor of Ferrers, by 
half a knight's fee. 

SNIBSTON. 

A.D. 1306, June 8. — Henriais Fraunceys de Snypes- 
ton was among the jurors at the inquisition held at 
Bredon, at this date, before the king's escheators, as 
to the right of the nuns of Langley to elect a prioress 
of their own house. 



STAUNTON HAROLD. 

The date of the following record can only be 
approximated. Nichols states that Henry, son of 
Sewal, died about 1165, and that his father died about 
1 1 29. On this basis the grant was probably executed 
between those dates. 



222 LEICESTERSHIRE. 

Henry, the son of Sewal, grants lands and a house 
which Richard Sprot held, and the land of the mill, 
and lands adjoining the mill, which lie between 
Smethe meadow and Grava in one field, and lands 
which lie between Broc furlong and Baldwine's Clive 
in another field, and pasture for four oxen, to main- 
tain a chaplain to pray and to celebrate mass at the 
altar of Saint Nicholas, built at his (Henry's) charge 
in the church of Etindon, etc. Witnesses, Willelmus 
de Bisopeston, Bardulphus de Cestreton, Robertus de 
Fulrichich, Robertus de Haleford, Thomas de Etin- 
don, Robertus Francns, Henricus de Welles, Oliverus 
le Foun, Serlo de Mungey, Jordanus de Cottona, and 
many others. 

WHATTON. 

At the pleas before the Exchequer in the thirty- 
first year of the reign of King Henry HI. (1246-47) 
it was decided that Ricardus le Franceys, of Wanton, 
shall gain nothing by his writ against Ricardus de 
Thorp and Johanna, his wife, concerning two parts of 
two virgates of land in Thorpe (Acre), and against 
Serlo de Thorp and Sabina, his wife, concerning the 
third part of the aforesaid virgates of land which 
Isolda de Franceys, paternal aunt of aforesaid Ri- 
cardus, had demised to Robertus Austrurario. 

Richard le Fraunceys, of Wathon, granted, quit- 
claimed, and confirmed by his writing, to the abbot 



LEICESTERSHIRE. 223 

and monks of Garendon one virgate of land, with the 
appurtenances, in the vill of Hawethern (Hathern), 
with tofts, crofts, etc. 

At the court held at Groby on Tuesday next after 
the feast of the Assumption of the Virgin, in the 
ninth year of the reign of King Edward II. (131 5), 
Henricus de Norton then being steward, it is stated 
that the lands of the Abbey of St. Mary of Geren- 
don comprised half a fee in Hawetherne, concerning 
which Robertus de Meynill, bailiff of that abbey, 
comes in the full court, and shows two charters which 
testify that Rogerus, son of Robertus Venator, of 
Kereby, had feoffed the abbot with one toft and one 
croft, and one virgate of land in Hawetherne, in free, 
pure, and perpetual alms ; and Ricardus Fraunceys, 
of Watton, had feoffed the said abbot with one toft 
and croft, and one virgate of land in Hawethern, in 
free, pure, and perpetual alms. Besides these he, the 
bailiff, offers a certain charter of quitclaim of Rogerus 
de Quincy, formerly Earl of Winchester (1235-64), 
which testified that this Rogerus had quitclaimed to 
the said abbot and monks the aforesaid two virgates 
of land in Hawetherne, in pure and perpetual alms. 



2 24 LEICESTERSHIRE. 

GUTHLAXTON HUNDRED. 

BITTESWELL. 

The possessions in this place of the Abbey of St, 
Mary de Pratis at Leicester, founded in 1143, are 
thus described in their register ; and we infer that the 
following records apply to the thirteenth century: — 

We have the confirmation and quitclaim of Ro- 
bcrtus le Frauays of that virgate of land which 
Thomas de Parva Essebia granted us, with toft, croft, 
and adjacent moor; of which land Nicholaus, his son, 
holds six acres with two " chevichiis " of meadow, giv- 
ing to us yearly 2d. for the same. And Robertus 
Chapman holds four acres and three roods, and gives 
2d. Thomas filius Simonis holds two roods, and pays 
one farthing ; and Radulphus Robold de Parva Es- 
seby holds half an acre, rendering yearly a half-penny 
for the same. 

We have there, bv the o-ift of Nicholatis, son of Ro- 
bertus le Franceys, of Bitteswell, one house and six 
acres of land. 

We have there, by the gift of Walterus Thurab'n, 
of Bitteswell, and his wife, a quitclaim of all his right 
and claim in one half-penny yearly rent of three roods 
which VValtcnis Frauciscus holds of him. 

Robertus Serjeant holds two roods of land, formerly 
belonging to Ricai^diis Fraunceys ; and he gives a 
farthing for the same. 



LEICESTERSHIRE. 225 

WIGSTON MAGNA. 

2 Edward 1.(1273-74). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Gilbert le Franceis against John Fleming, etc., touch- 
ing a tenement in Wykingeston. 



SPARKENHOE HUNDRED. 

APPLEBY PARVA. 

Appleby Parva came into the family of Vernon 
through the marriage, temp. John, of William de Ver- 
non with the heiress of Stockport. 

By an inquisition made in the fourth year of the 
reign of Edward I. (1275-76) it is found that Gilber- 
his Franceys held then one carucate of land in (Ap)- 
pelby (Parva). 

GROOBY. 

At the probation of the age of Willielmus, son of 
Willielmus de Ferrariis, lord of this place, made at 
Groby on the eighth day of November, 1293, Ro- 
bertus, prior of Ulviscroft, juror, separately examined, 
stated that the aforesaid Willielmus, son of Williel- 
mus, was born at the manor of Yoxhale, in Offlow 
hundred, in Staffordshire, on the eve of Saint Bridget 



2 26 LEICESTERSHIRE. 

the Virgin, in the fifty-sixth year of the reign of 
King Henry III. (1271-72), which manor belonged 
to the Lady the Countess de Ferrariis. Ricardus 
Fraunccys remembered the time of the birth of this 
WilHehiius, because he himself remained with Anna 
(Joana), the mother of this Willielmus, at the time 
she was laboring with the birth, when Willielmus de 
Ferrariis, her husband, came to the hostium (outer 
chamber) of the said lady ; and this Ricardus, who 
was then her chamberlain, opened the hostium that 
the lord should enter and speak with the aforesaid 
lady. 

THURLASTON. 

3 Edward 1.(1274-75). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of mort d'ancestor arraio^ned 
by Thomas de Bradeston and Avice, his wife, against 
Adam Fraficeis and Jnli\_ana~\, his wife, touching a 
messuage and land in Thurlston-near-Normanton. 

3 Edward I. (1274-75). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of mort d'ancestor arraigfned 
by Roger, son of Adam Ic Fraiinays, against Thomas 
Attekirke, touching a messuage and land in Croxton. 



LINCOLNSHIRE. 



GENERAL. 

At the pleas of the term of Saint Michael, 1 3th of 
October, 1199, Willielmus Franceis and Johannes 
filius Baldewini de London presented themselves, on 
the fourth day, against Margareta de Ros in a plea 
concerning 445. which she owed them. She did not 
come, and therefore she was attached to be present in 
fifteen days after the feast of Saint Martin. 

LINCOLN CITY. 

A.D. 1290. — Appointment of Andrew Fraunceys, of 
Malteby, chaplain, during good behavior, to the cus- 
tody of the Hospital of the Holy Innocent without 
Lincoln, which has suffered under the carelessness of 
former keepers. Dated at Rufford, on the i8th of 
September. 

ASWARDHURN HUNDRED. 

At the inquisition made in the wapentake of 
Asewardthyrne, in Kesteven, in the third year of the 



2 28 LINCOLNSHIRE. 

reign of King Edward 1.(1274-75), the jurors said that 
Petrus de Buris and others, at the time they were the 
king's baihffs, took great sums of money for releasing 
persons from the assize and jury. Among these were 
Johannes Temp' and Symon Fraujiceys who gave the 
said Petrus de Buris i8i-. for being released from the 
assize. 

HELPRINGHAM. 



o 



Edward 1.(1274-75). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned 
by Simoji le Franceis, of Helpringham, and others, 
against John de Warrenne, Earl of Surry, and others, 
touching a tenement in Helpringham. 



AVELAND HUNDRED. 



Eiistacius le Fran ays was among the jurors at an 
inquisition made in the wapentake of Aveland, prob- 
ably towards the end of the reign of Henry HI. 



LINCOLNSHIRE. 229 

BELTISLOE HUNDRED. 

WESTBY. 

At the inquisition made at Staunford, in the third 
year of the reign of King Edward I. (1274-75), the 
jurors of the wapentake of Belteslawe said that the 
prioress of Stikeswaud (Stixwould) holds in Westby 
two bovates of land, with appurtenances, one by the 
donation of Radulphus Ic Franceis, and the other by 
that of Reginaldus le Romayn, and each bovate is 
worth \Qs. per annum; and these were geldable, gave 
sheriff's aid, common amercement, scutage, and made 
suit which had been withdrawn to the damage of the 
king of \2d. per annum; but the jurors could not 
estimate the damage of the king for the other services 
withdrawn. The land had been feoffed already more 
than forty years, and was held of the king in capite ; 
but they were unaware as to the time of the king, and 
by what service and warrant. The said prioress held 
of RadulpJms le Fraunccis and of Reginaldus le 
Romayn, and these, R. and R., of the countess, and 
she of the king in capite. 

In the fourth year of the reign of King Edw^ard I. 
(1275-76) the jurors of this wapentake said that the 
prioress of Stikeswaud holds in Westby two bovates 
of land, the donation of Radulphus le Fraunceys and 
Reginaldus le Romeyn ; and each bovate is valued 
at \os. 



230 LINCOLNSHIRE. 

BOOTHBY-GRAFFO HUNDRED. 

NORTON DISNEY. 

Pctrus Fraiinceys, of Norton, was a manucaptor of 
Willielmus Dysny, one of the knights of this county, 
elected to attend the Parliament to be held at York 
on the twenty-fifth day of May, 1 298. 

CALCEWORTH HUNDRED. 

BEESBY. 

2 Edward 1.(1273-74). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned 
by Amice le Guymplere against Alaji le Fraunceis^ 
touching a tenement in Beesby. 

HUTTOFT. 

3 Edward 1.(1274-75). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Eudo, son of Ada7ii le Fratinccis, against the prior of 
Markeby and others, touching a fosse levied in Hotoft. 

7 Edward 1.(1278-79). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Richard de Barton and Beatrix, his wife, against 
Eiido, son of Adam le Frannceys. 



LINCOLNSHIRE. 



SUTTON. 



231 



A.D. 1 196, July 3. — At the final concord made at 
this date between Isabella de Kanleby, petens, and 
Muriel de Falestorpe, concerning one bovate of land 
in Sutton, the fourth part of one bovate in Struttorp, 
and one in Salina, Waltertis le Franceis was the attor- 
ney of Muriel. 



ELLOE HUNDRED. 

At the inquisition made in the wapentake of El- 
lowe, in Holland in this county, in the third year of 
the reign of King Edward I. (1274-75), Nigellus 
Fraunceys was among the jurors. 



GRANTHAM SOKE HUNDRED. 

HOUGHTON. 

6 Edward 1.(1277-78). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of mort d'ancestor arraigned 
by Th. Haket against Robert ate Gate and Elena la 
Fraunceyse, touching land in Houton. 



2 3 2 LINCOLNSHIRE. 

KIRTON HUNDRED. 

BICKER. 

A.D. 12S3. — "Commission of oyer and terminer to 
Nicholas de Stapelton and John Bek', touching an 
appeal which Matilda, late the wife of John, son of 
Gerard de Byker, brings in the county of Lincoln 
against Alan, son of Ranulph, Lambert, son of Alan 
Heremod, Walter, son of William le Fra^inceys, Ra- 
nulph, son of Elias, William, son of Robert son of 
John de Byker, Thomas, son of Sampson, Ranulph, 
son of Beatrice, Elias, his brother, Alan Heremod, 
William Ic Fraunceys, Robert, son of John, and W^ill- 
iam le Engleis of Byker, for the death of her husband. 
Dated at Acton Burnell, on the 8th of November." 



LOUTH ESKE HUNDRED. 

GRAINTHORPE. 

A.D. 1 3 18. — To the treasurer and barons of the Ex- 
chequer. Order to allow to John de Neivil, of Stoke, 
late sheriff of Lincoln, in his account, 108/. 10^. od. 
(sic), the value of eighty quarters of wheat, price 64/. ; 
seventy quarters of malt, price 31/.; twenty quarters 
of beans and pease, price 9/. ; and ten quarters of 
beans and pease, price 4/., — which he delivered, when 



LINCOLNSHIRE. 233 

sheriff of Lincoln, at Boston, to Htigh Fraunceys, 
master of the ship called " La Blithe," of Gernethorp, 
to take to Berwick-on-Tweed for munition thereof, as 
appears by an indenture made between him and 
HitgJi in the presence of lawful men of the parts of 
Boston, in execution of the king's order to provide 
and send to Berwick eighty quarters of wheat, 
seventy quarters of malt, and thirty quarters of beans 
and pease, as it was found, by an inquisition concern- 
ing this matter taken at John's petition, that on Mon- 
day after the Nativity of Saint Mary, in the ninth 
year of the king's reign (13 15), the said sheriff deliv- 
ered to Hugh, master of the aforesaid ship, eighty 
quarters of wheat, price 6^-. (sic) a quarter, seventy 
quarters of malt, price 93-. a quarter (sic), twenty quar- 
ters of beans and pease, price 9^. a quarter, and ten 
quarters of beans and pease, price yj-. a quarter, and 
that the ship on her voyage on the high sea near 
Scardeburgh was robbed, together with two other 
ships laden with victuals of merchants at Boston, 
voyaging to Berwick, by common robbers of three 
ships of Flanders and Zeland (Seland), of the said 
corn and of all other goods found in her, and that the 
mariners in " La Blithe " and in one of the other 
ships were slain without blame of the said John, and 
that the third ship so loaded there passed with great 
peril (maxima pene) to the port of Whelpeshaven, 
near Scardeburgh and Fyveleye, on Wednesday after 
the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, in the aforesaid 



234 LINCOLNSHIRE. 

year, and that the ship so escaped was of Newcastle- 
on-Tyne. They are also ordered to allow John for 
the freightage and carriage of the corn, receiving from 
him the aforesaid indenture and the king's writ of 
precept. Dated at Northampton, on the loth of 
July, 131S. 



MANLEY HUNDRED. 

REDBOURNE. 

Charter to the Abbey of Selby in Yorkshire, prob- 
ably executed in the thirteenth century: — 

To all, etc., Rcginaldiis Ic Fra^inccis, of Redburn, 
greeting. Know that I have given and granted, and 
by this my present charter have confirmed forever, to 
God, the Church of St. Germanus of Seleby, and the 
monks serving God there, the pasture of one bovate 
of land which I hold of the aforesaid monastery of 
Seleby, in the vill and territory of Redburn, which 
pasture belongs to my free tenement in the said vill. 
And I, Reginaldtis, and my heirs or assigns will acquit 
and warrant in pure and perpetual alms and forever 
defend the aforesaid pasture to the said monks ; and, 
if it should happen that I sell or assign the aforesaid 
tenement, the aforesaid pasture shall be reserved and 
saved for the said monks. In testimony whereof 
I have appended my seal. Witness, Robertus de 
Wasseling. 



LINCOLNSHIRE. 235 

NESS HUNDRED. 

STAMFORD. 

4 Edward 1.(1275-76). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned 
by Geoffrey Gobaud against William, parson of the 
Church of St. Andrew of Stamford, and Advice la 
Fraunceise, touching a tenement in Stamford. 



SKIRBECK HUNDRED. 

BENNINGTON. 

3 Edward 1.(1274-75). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of mort d'ancestor arraio^ned 
by Stephen de Bennington and Ranulph, his brother, 
against Richard, son of John le Franceis, touching a 
messuage and land in Bennington. 



WALSHCROFT HUNDRED. 

KINGERBY. 

At the pleas in the octaves of Saint Andrew, 7th of 
December, 1194, Elias de Hareines claims a^os. yearly 
rent in Kinerbi and Barrewe against Joilanus de 



236 LINCOLNSHIRE. 

Amundevill, which is due annually by an agreement 
made between the latter and Thomas, father of Elias, 
in the court of the lord King Henry, father of the 
present king, for six bovates of land and one mill in 
Scaletorp, which Agnes de Amundevill holds during 
her life. It is decided by the court that Joilanus may 
have these Aps. for surety, and the day is given them 
in fifteen days after Saint Hilary; and in the mean 
time they are allowed to agree. Joilanus appoints 
in his place " ad chirographum suum recipiendum " 
Hugo de Bobi or Radulphus le Franceis, and Elias 
appoints in his place Galfridus de Hareines. 



YARBOROUGH HUNDRED. 

LIMBER. 

8 Edward I. (1279-S0). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of mort d'ancestor arraigned 
by Simon, son of Adajn Ic Fraitnccis, against Robert 
Atte Caums, touching a messuage in Limberug\ 



STALLINGBOROUGH. 

In the time of Thomas, abbot of Selby (1252-62 
and 1269-80), there is a record that Petrus Ic Fraun- 
ceis formerly held land in the vill of Stallingborough ; 



LINCOLNSHIRE. 237 

and also another record of the same period, wherein it 
is stated that the aforesaid abbot granted to Rogerus 
de Stahngburg', clericus, one bovate of land of the fee 
of Thomas de Bella Aqua, in the east part of the vill 
of Stalingburg', on the rood to Heling', near by the 
land of Pebms le Fi^auiiccis. 

In a charter of Ricardus Crispin, of Kelby, to the 
Abbey of Selby, the gift is described as a certain 
meadow in the vill and territory of Stalingburg', situ- 
ated between the fee of Alanus de Heiling and the 
meadow of Johannes le Frannceis. 

Although the said charter is undated, the approxi- 
mate period of its execution is somewhat inferred by 
the date of one of its witnesses, — namely, Lucas de 
Hanburg', clericus, — whom we find as a witness to 
two agreements of the year 1261. 




MIDDLESEX. 



GENERAL. 



At the pleas held at Westminster on the 21st of 
November, 1194, there is a record of a Robertus 
Franceis of this county. 

A.D. 1233. — This is the final concord made in the 
King's Court at Westminster, in the octaves of Saint 
Michael, in the seventeenth year of the reign of King 
Henry, son of King John, before Willelmus de 
Ralegh', Robertus de Lexinton, Willelmus de 
Ebor', Radulphus de Norwic', Willelmus de Insula, 
Adam filius Willelmi, and Willelmus de Sancto Ed- 
mundo, justices, and others faithful of the king, then 
present there, between Nicholaus de Anna, querent, 
and Gwido Lc ffratinceys and J2iliana, his wife, de- 
forciants, for three virgates of land with appurtenances 
in Hatton (in the parish of Bedfont, in Spelthorne 
hundred), for which a plea of Warrantia chartae was 
summoned in the said court. The aforesaid Givido 
and Juliana acknowledged all the land with its ap- 
purtenances to be the right of Nicholaus, as by their 
gift, to have and hold to him and his heirs of the said 



MIDDLESEX. 239 

Gzvido and Juliana, and the heirs of this Jtiliana, for- 
ever, giving for the same yearly one pound of cumin 
at the feast of Saint Michael, for all service, to Gwido 
and Juliana or her heirs. And the aforesaid Gwido 
and Juliana and her heirs will warrant to this Nicho- 
laus and his heirs all the said land with appurte- 
nances, for this service, against all men forever. And 
for this recognition, warrant, fine, and concord Nicho- 
laus o-ave them 10 marks sterlino;. 

In the eleventh year of the reign of King Edward 
III. (1337-38) a fine was made between Nicholas de 
Shordich and T/ionias le Frenssh concerning premises 
in Hese (Hayes, in the hundred of Elthorne) and 
Harewe (Harrow, in the hundred of Goare). 

In the twenty-eighth year of the reign of King Ed- 
ward III. (1354-55), after the death of the same 
Thomas le Frenssh, a fine was made between the 
aforesaid Nicholas and John de Cherleton, kinsman 
and heir of the aforesaid Thomas, concerning the 
same premises. 



240 MIDDLESEX. 



LONDON. 

At the pleas in fifteen days of Easter, April 23 
1200, it was decided that Margeria de Ros shall pay 
to Williclnuis Franccis and Johannes filius Baldwini 
44^-, which she acknowledged to owe them. 

A.D. 1250. — This is the final concord made in the 
King's Court at Westminster, in fifteen days from 
Michaelmas, in the thirty-fourth year of the reign of 
King Henry, son of King John, before Rogerus de 
Thurkelby, Johannes de Cobbeham, and Alanus de 
Wassaund, justices, and others faithful of the lord the 
king then present there, between Johamics Ic ffran- 
ceys, querent, and Cristiana Abhomine, deforciant, 
for one messuage with appurtenances in London, and 
twenty acres of land with appurtenances in the 
suburb of London, for which a plea of charter 
warrant was summoned. The said Cristiana ac- 
knowledged the aforesaid messuage and land with 
appurtenances to be the right of this Johannes, as by 
her gift, to have and hold to Johannes and his heirs 
of the said Cristiana and her heirs forever, making for 
the same to the chief lords of the fee, for her and her 
heirs, all the service belonging to the said messuage 
and land. And Cristiana and her heirs will, for the 
said service, warrant the aforesaid messuage and land 
with appurtenances to Johannes and his heirs against 
all men forever. And for this recoo-nition, warrant. 



MIDDLESEX. 241 

fine, and concord Johannes gave to Cristiana 140 
marks in silver. And thereafter Cristiana conceded, 
for herself and her heirs, that she should not give, 
sell, mortgage, or in any other manner alienate, any of 
the lands or tenements with appurtenances which she 
held in London and the suburb of London on the 
day when this concord was made, so that she should 
have sufficient of tenements with which she could 
warrant to the aforesaid Johannes and his heirs the 
said messuage and land with appurtenances, which 
by this fine shall remain to him forever. 

A.D. 1252. — A final concord was made in the 
King's Court at Westminster, in the thirty-sixth year 
of the reign of King Henry IIL, before the justices, 
between Johanjies Ic fraunccys, querent, and Cristiana 
Bodmen, deforciant, for one messuage and twenty 
acres of land with its appurtenances in the suburb of 
London. Plea of charter warrant was summoned in 
the said court. Cristiana acknowledged the messuage 
and land to be the right of Johannes, as by her gift, 
to have and hold to him and his heirs of her and her 
heirs forever. And for this acknowledgment, war- 
rant, fine, and concord Johannes gave her seven 
times twenty mark. The general conditions of the 
agreement being similar to those found in the preced- 
ing final concord. 

I Edward L (1272-73). — License to Ebrord le 
Fraunceys, merchant of London, to take twenty sacks 
of wool, which he has in the kingdom, which he 



2 42 MIDDLESEX. 

bought for his own use of others than Flemings or 
Hainaulters, and which he can reasonably show to be 
his own, to any parts beyond seas, except such as are 
within the power of the Countess of Flanders, the 
said merchant having made oath before the king's 
locum tenentes in England that he will not take out 
of the kingdom wools or other goods into Flanders or 
elsew^hither within the power of the Countess of 
Flanders during the contention between the king and 
the said countess which recently arose between Henry 
III. and herself, and that he will not sell such wool or 
other goods to Flemings or others of the power of 
the said countess, nor make exchange with them 
thereof, nor deal by art or craft so that the said wools 
or other goods may come into the hands of the sub- 
jects of the said countess, nor receive any money from 
the Flemino-s for tradino- with wools or other mer- 
chandise to the behoof of the said Flemings, nor 
exchange for their goods or those of any other sub- 
jects of the said countess, on pain of forfeiture to the 
king any of their goods found in the kingdom ; with 
a safe conduct to the said merchant in taking the 
aforesaid twenty sacks out of the kingdom. 

A.D. 1327. — Protection and safe conduct, with 
clause nolumus, till Michaelmas, for Adam Frcnche, 
master of " la Seyntemaribate," of London, which 
Stephen Aleyn, citizen and merchant of London, is 
intending to send laden with victuals and other mer- 
chandise to Newcastle-on-Tyne and parts adjacent, 
for the support of the expedition against Scotland. 



MIDDLESEX. 243 

A.D. 1337. — In the account of the expenditure of 
money received from an assessment made in this city 
about the feast of Saint John the Baptist (June 24), in 
the eleventh year of the reign of King Edward III., 
for sending archers in the king's service, by way of 
Bristol, into Gascoigne, is the following record : — 

^o John le Freynshc, for ten lances, ids. Sd. 

In the list of mayors of the city of London, given 
by Maitland, Johaii French appears in this capacity in 
the year 1394. 



ALDGATE WARD. 

HOLY TRINITY PRIORY. 

A.D. 1252-58. — Release by Felicia, late wife of 
Robert de Strata, to John, the prior, and the convent 
of Holy Trinity (which stood on the north side from 
Aldgate), London, of land in Berkeden (Barksdon, a 
hamlet in the parish of Aspenden, in the hundred of 
Edwinstree, in County Hertford), in fields called " Re- 
feld " and " Meldfeld," and of the land they had from 
her late husband in Cornee and Wydihale (Widdiall, 
in same hundred). Witnesses, John de Marins, Milo 
de Westmelne, Henry de Bracking, Master John le 
Fraunceys, and others. 



244 MIDDLESEX. 

BILLINGSGATE WARD. 

ST. MARGARET PATTENS. 

A.D. 1 316, March 30, at Langley. — Enrolment of 
grant from Edward le Blund, son and heir of the late 
John le Blund, knight, to Robert Ic Fj'cyjish, " car- 
penter," citizen of London, of the tenement that the 
donor has by demise from Robert le Hagham and 
lady Idonia, his wife, mother of the donor, which they 
held of his inheritance, in the parish of St. Margaret's 
atte Patyns, London, lying between the tenement 
lately belonging to Roger de Wandlesworth on the 
north and that of Alfred le Wodere on the south, and 
between the tenement of John Adrian on the west 
and the king's highway on the east, rendering there- 
fore 20^. yearly to Idonia durirng her life, and to 
Edward and his heirs after her death. Witnesses, 
Stephen de Abyndon, mayor of London ; Hamo God- 
chep and William de Bodele, sheriffs of London ; 
Robert de Kelseie, alderman of that ward ; John An- 
nore, serjeant of that ward, and others. Dated at 
London, on Tuesday after the Annunciation, 9 Ed- 
ward II. (13 1 6). 

Maitland states that "the ancient Fraternity of 
Carpenters was incorporated by Letters Patent of 
Edward the Third, 7 July Anno 1344, by the style 
of The Master, Wardens, Assistants, and Common- 
alty of the Mystery of Freemen of the Carpentry of 



MIDDLESEX. 245 

the City of London ; with a power to make by-laws 
for their better regulation." 



BRIDE WARD WITHIN. 

ST. BENNET, GRASSCHURCH. 

Among the "bequests of Henry de Thele, skinner, 
in his will, proved on Monday next before the feast 
of Saint Edmund the King (20 November), 1308, is a 
gift to John, his servant and adopted son (filiolo filio) 
of Matthew le Fraunccys, hosier, of rent of a tene- 
ment at Grascherche, in the parish of St. Benedict." 



FARRINGDON WARD. 

This designation comprises the present wards of 
Farringdon within and Farringdon without. Mait- 
land states that " the part of Farringdon ward lying 
within the walls of London contains the ancient 
wards of Newgate and Ludgate, in distinction to the 
other part which was without the walls, or the ancient 
ward of Fori, or Foris." 

" The two wards of Farringdon within and Farring- 
don without at one time had but one alderman, and 
that not by election, but by inheritance or purchase. 



246 AIIDDLESEX. 

as more fully appears by the following abstract of a 
deed of one of its possessors: — 

" Thomas de Ardene, son and heir to Sir Ralph 
de Ardene, knight, granted to Ralph le Feure, citizen 
of London, one of the sheriffs in the year 1277, all the 
aldermanry, with the appurtenances, within the city 
of London, and suburbs of the same, between Lud- 
gate and Newgate, and also without the same gates ; 
which aldermanry Ankerinus de Averne held during 
his life, by the grant of the said Thomas de Ardene. 
To have and to hold unto the said Ralph and to his 
heirs freely without all challenge ; yielding therefore 
yearly to the said Thomas and his heirs one clove 
(or slip) of gilliflowers, at the feast of Easter, for all 
secular service and custom, with warranty unto the 
said Ralph le Feure and his heirs against all people. 
Christians and Jews, in consideration of 20 marks, 
which the said Ralph le Feure did give beforehand, 
in name of gersum or fine, to the said Thomas, etc. 
Dated the 5th of Edward L" 

" After this, John le Feure, son and heir to the said 
Ralph le Feure, granted to William Farendon, citizen 
and goldsmith of London, and to his heirs, the said 
aldermanry, with the appurtenances, for the service 
thereunto belonging, in the 7th year of Edward I., in 
the year of Christ 1279." 

From this William Farringdon, who gave his name 
to this ward, the aldermanry descended to Nicholas, 
his son, also a goldsmith, and mayor of London in 
the years 1308, 131 3, 1320, and 1323. 



MIDDLESEX. 



247 



This ward, however, was of such considerable ex- 
tent that King Richard II., in the seventeenth year 
of his reign (1393-94), legally confirmed a division of 
it under the names of Farringdon Ward Within and 
Farringdon Ward Without. 

" The Fraternity of Goldsmiths," according to 
Maitland, "appears to be of great antiquity; for, in 
the twenty-sixth of Henry II., An. 1180, it was among 
other Guilds amerced for being Adulterine, — that is, 
set up without the king's special license." 

They appear, besides exercising their usual occupa- 
tion, to have been employed in the Exchequer with a 
livery or allowance from the king; for, in the fifth 
year of the reign of King Stephen, there is a record 
showing that an allowance of 6oj. \od. was made to 
the sheriff of London for the livery of the king's gold- 
smiths and for the coal used by them. 

Maitland further states that "Edward III., in con- 
sideration of the sum of ten marks, incorporated this 
company by his Letters Patent, Anno 1327, by the 
name of The Wardens and Commonalty of the Mys- 
tery of Goldsmiths of the City of London, with a 
privilege of purchasing in mortmain an estate of 
twenty pounds per annum for the support of their 
valetudinary members; which, in the year 1394, was 
confirmed by Richard II. for the sum of twenty 
marks." And in continuation he says that "the 
goldsmiths kept their shops and trade in West-Cheap 
from ancient times, even before the days of King 
Edward III." 



2 48 MIDDLESEX. 

HOLBORN. 

A.D. 1235. — This is the final concord made in the 
Kino's Court at Westminster, in five weeks from 
Easter, in the nineteenth year of the reign of King 
Henry, son of King John, before Robertas de Lexin- 
ton, Oliverus de ValHbus, Adam fihus Willielmi, and 
Robertus de Bello Campo, justices itinerant, and 
others faithful of the king, then present there, between 
Hiigo Ic Franceys, claimant, and Walterus Cokus, and 
Matilda, his wife, tenants, for one messuage with 
appurtenances in HoUeburn. Assize of mort d'ances- 
tor was summoned. Hugo remised and quitclaimed 
for himself and his heirs to the aforesaid Walterus 
and Matilda, and the heirs of this Matilda, all his 
right and claim in the said messuage with its appurte- 
nances ; and for this remise, quitclaim, fine, and con- 
cord Walterus and Matilda gave the said Htigo one 
mark in silver. 

" The prebendary of Holborn had the sixth stall on 
the right side of the choir of St. PauFs Cathedral ; 
and the corps of the prebend lies in the parish of St. 
Andrew Holborn, in the suburbs, or without the walls 
of London." 

A.D. 1251. — License from Henricus, dean of St. 
Paul's and the chapter, io Johannes Ic Franceis, their 
fellow-canon, to erect an oratory in his court, which 
he has bought opposite to the Church of St. Andrew, 
in his prebend of " Holeburne strate," and to cele- 



MIDDLESEX. 249 

brate divine service there so long as he shall be the 
lord of that prebend and that plot of ground. But it 
is provided that, if he grant that plot of ground to any 
other person than his successor in the said prebend, 
divine service shall not be celebrated there without a 
new license from the bishop, the dean, and the chap- 
ter. Dated on the morrow of the feast of Saint 
Andrew, ist of December, 1251. 

Towards the end of this same century an examina- 
tion was made of the treasury of St. Pauls, and 
among its many possessions we find two articles that 
had belonged to Johajines Fratuiceys. One was a cap 
of red sammet, embroidered with stars and moons, 
and the other a baldekin, about which we find the 
following record, which appears under the heading of 
Baudekyni : — 

Item XXXI. mediocres. Item VI. alutill. me- 
liores, de quibus II. de dono J. de Chishulle, et unus 
de dono Almae de Bathonia, et unus de dono Domi- 
nae A. Reginae juniores (probably Eleanor, first wife 
of Prince Edward, afterwards King Edward I.), et 
unus de funere J. Fratiiiceys, et unus de dono Domini 
Henrici Regis. 

A.D. 1262. — This is the final concord made in the 
King's Court at Westminster, in the octaves of Saint 
Martin, in the forty-seventh year of the reign of King 
Henry, son of King John, before Gilbertus de Pres- 
ton and Johannes de Wyuill', justices, and others 
faithful of the lord the king, then present there, be- 



'■so 



MIDDLESEX. 



tween Alicia, daughter of Petrus le Wodemonger, 
claimant, and Johannes Le ffraunccys, tenant, repre- 
sented by Johannes de Scurescalf, his attorney, for 
two acres of land with appurtenances in the parish of 
St. Andrew of Holeburne, concerning which a plea 
was between them in this court. Johannes acknowl- 
edged the aforesaid land with appurtenances to be 
the right of Alicia; and for this acknowledgment, 
fine, and concord this Alicia, at the instance of the 
aforesaid Johannes, granted to Magister Robertus le 
Keu the said land with its appurtenances. To have 
and hold to the said Robertus and his heirs of the 
aforesaid Alicia and her heirs forever, rendering 
yearly for the same a half-penny at Easter, for all ser- 
vice, custom, and exaction, to her and her heirs, and 
making for the same to the chief lords of this fee, 
for her and her heirs, all other services belonging to 
this land. And Alicia and her heirs will warrant to 
Robert and his heirs the aforesaid land with its ap- 
purtenances, for the said service, against all men for- 
ever, for which Robertus gave the said Alicia 2 marks 
in silver. 

ST. FAITH'S. 

" The Church of St. Faith was originally a distinct 
building, standing near the east end of St. Paul's; but 
when the old cathedral was enlarged, between the 
years 1256 and 131 2, it was taken down, and an ex- 
tensive part of the vaults was appropriated to the use 



MIDDLESEX. 251 

of the parishioners of St. Faith, in lieu of the demol- 
ished fabric." 

In the deeds of the reign of Henry III. relating to 
tenements in " Folkemares lane," and "Yvi lane" in 
the parish of St. Faith, the parties named are the 
dean and chapter of St. Paul's ; Master Richard de 
Staunford, canon of St. Paul's ; Augustine, son of 
Eustace, the mercer ; Laurence del Brok ; Robert de 
Monasterio and Emma, his wife, of Weteringsete, sis- 
ter and heir of Master William de Sancto Eadmundo, 
clerk (50 Henry III.); Master Stepheyi de Frcnse ; 
John ate Chireche of Weteringeste, son and heir of 
Robert ate Chireche of Westeringsete, by Emma, his 
wife, sister of Master William de Sancto Eadmundo ; 
Sir Peter de Abedun, chaplain of St. Paul's ; Will- 
iam de Craye, proctor of the Hospital of St. Thomas, 
Southwark, and brethren and sisters of the same 
place ; and Sir Robert called " Senescal," chaplain. 
From an old indorsement it would appear that Folke- 
mares Lane was the ancient name of Ivy Lane. 

ST. MATTHEW'S FRIDAY STREET. 

John de Chichester, goldsmith, in his will, dated at 
London, on the 14th of May, 1380, bequeaths his ten- 
ement in the parish of S. John Zaker' at the corner of 
Godronlane, together with a shop in Chepe at the 
corner of Fridaistrete, and solars in the parish of S. 
Matthew in Fridaistrete, to John Frenssh, goldsmith, 



252 AflDDLESEX. 

in tail ; remainder to JoJiauna Frcnssh, wife of John 
Markeby, goldsmith. Also to the said John Markeby 
and Johaujia, wife of the same, he leaves a shop in 
the parish of S. Peter in Westchepe, in tail ; remain- 
der over. To Sir Edmund Pencrich, rector of the 
Church of St. Edmund in Lumbardstrete, and parish- 
ioners of the same, certain rents in Westchepe in the 
parish of S. Vedast, in le Reole in the parish of S. 
Michael de Paternostercherche, and issuing from a 
tenement formerly called " le Culver on the hope," 
and now " le Swan," in Temestrete in the parish of 
S. Dunstan Est, in trust for maintenance of chantries, 
torches, etc. To the master, brethren, and sisters of 
the Hospital of St. Katherine, near the Tower, he 
leaves all his lands and tenements in Est Smethefeld 
without Aldgate in the parish of St. Botolph, to- 
gether with others in the parishes of St. Mary de 
Abbechurch, St. Edmund in Lumbardestrete, and 
St. Nicholas Aeon, one being called " le Taverne atte 
Belle," so that they pray for the souls of King Ed- 
ward and of Philippa, wife of the same, the souls of 
John de Hermesthorp, clerk, master or warden of the 
said hospital, the testator, and others. To Alice, his 
wife, tenements and shops in S. Clement's Lane in 
the parish of S. Edmund aforesaid, one being called 
" le Sarezynesheved," and a tenement called '' Top- 
feldes In," in Fletestrete, parish of S. Brigid, for life; 
remainder as to the last-mentioned tenement to Will- 
iam, his son, ?iwdJo/iii Frcnssh aforesaid, in successive 



MIDDLESEX. 253 

tail. The rest of the above tenements to be sold after 
the decease of his wife, and the proceeds devoted to 
pious and charitable uses. 

A.D. 1382. — Delivery of Infangthef, in the Guild- 
hall of London, before John Norhamptone, mayor, 
and the aldermen and sheriffs, and John Charneye, 
coroner, on the Friday next after the Assumption of 
the Blessed Virgin Mary (15th of August), in the sixth 
year of the reign of King Richard II. 

Walter atte Watre, goldsmith, and Nicholas Somer- 
sete, of Philip Norton (Norton St. Philip, six miles 
from Bath), in the county of Somerset, were taken 
at the suit of John Frensshe, of London, goldsmith, 
with the "mainour" of divers goods and chattels of 
\\\vc\,JoIni Fi^ensshe ; namely, two silver girdles, with 
red corces in silk, value 465-. ; one silver girdle, with a 
blue corse, 30-5'. ; one other small silver girdle, with 
green corse, i6-s-; one chain of silver gilt, 406-.; one 
other small silver chain, 5^-. ; one girdle of red silk, 
with a bokele, and studded with silver gilt, i6-s-. ; one 
silver chalice, with paten, 38^-.; two sets of phials of 
silver, their swages (necks) gilt, 20^-. ; one osculatory 
of silver gilt, 20^-. ; two mazer cups, bound with silver 
gilt, 33^. 4^.; six silver spoons, \^s.\ two gold rings, 
with dyamaundes, 15/.; one gold ring with a baleys, 
26s. 8d. ; three strings of pearls, yos. ; six gold neck- 
laces, lOOi-. ; and other goods and chattels, such as 
fermails and rings of silver gilt, broken silver, girdles 



254 



MIDDLESEX. 



set with silver, buckles and pendants for girdles, and 
paternosters, of silver and perls, to the value of 40/. : 
which Q:oods and chattels the same Walter atte Watre 
and Nicholas Somersete, on the Wednesday next 
after the feast of the Assumption of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary, in the year aforesaid, feloniously stole 
by night at the corner of Fridaystrete in Westchepe, 
in the parish of St. Matthew, in the Ward of Farn- 
done Within, in London, and then and there felo- 
niously broke into the shop of \\\vc\,John Frcusshc, etc. 

And also the same Walter atte Watre and Nicho- 
las Somersete were taken at the suite of Thomas 
Stoke, of London, goldsmith, with the mainour of 
goods and chattels of him, Thomas Stoke ; namely, 
with one mazer cup, bound with silver gilt, value 10^.; 
one other small mazer cup bound with silver gilt, 5^. ; 
three bokeles with three pendants, for silver girdles, 
15^-.; one other bokele and one silver girdle, 6^-. 8^. ; 
and one knife, called a " copegorge " (cut-throat), with 
one " loket " and one " chape " of silver, 6^. %d. ; by 
them stolen at night, on the Wednesday and in the 
sixth year aforesaid, from the shop of the said John 
Frensshe, goldsmith, in the place, ward, and parish 
aforesaid, etc. 

And the jury, by Henry Markeby and eleven 
others, declared upon their oath the said Walter atte 
Watre and Nicholas Somersete to be guilty of the 
felonies aforesaid. 

And because that the said Walter atte Watre and 



MIDDLESEX. 255 

Nicholas Somersete were clerks, and judgment could 
not lawfully be proceeded to without the ordinary, 
etc., they were committed to the prison of Newgate, 
there in safe custody to be kept until, etc. Chattels 
they had none. 

John Frenssh, goldsmith, previously named, is men- 
tioned, with his wife Margaret and son John Frensshe, 
in the following will of Bartholomew Seman, " gold- 
betere," dated at London on the 25th of July, 1431: — 
Bartholomew Seman, in his will, gives to William 
Byngham, the rector, etc., of the Church of St. John 
Zakary, certain rents of tenements in this parish for 
maintaining a chantry in the said church, for the 
good of his soul, the souls of Katherine, his wife, John 
Frenssh, late goldsmith, Margaret, the wife of the 
same, etc. To his wife Katherine tenements and 
rents in the parish of St. Sepulchre and St. John 
Zakary for life ; remainder to John, son of the above 
John Frenssh, etc. 

ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL. 

The following two charters are given according to 
rotation. Their execution was made durino- the time 

o 

of William, the dean of St. Paul's. According to 
Newcourt, William was the son of Adeline, the sister 
of Richard de Belmeis, who was elected Bishop of 
London in 1108. How early William became a 



256 MIDDLESEX. 

canon is uncertain ; but some time after the year 
1 103 he became a prebendary at Chiswick (Middlesex 
County), which had the eighteenth stall on the left 
side of the choir in this cathedral. He probably be- 
came dean of St. Paul's soon after his uncle became 
bishop, as he is found filling that post in 1 1 1 1 ; for 
on the fourteenth Kal. August of that year William, 
the dean, and the canons of St. Paul's made a grant 
to Hugo de Verli, in which conveyance it is noticed 
that none of the witnesses to it, except possibly Mag- 
ister Teodoricus, are found in the two followins: char- 
ters ; but in another grant of the year 11 32, wherein 
his name appears, ten of the witnesses are found to 
be the same as in the first charter hereafter given, 
and seven witnesses are the same as in the second 
charter. And, as Newcourt states, on the authority 
of Ralph de Diceto, that this William died in 11 38, 
this summary of evidence seems to be sufficiently 
conclusive to establish the period of the execution of 
the two charters between the years 11 11 and 11 38. 
Besides the absence of the witnesses in the year 
iiii, relative to these two charters, with their in- 
creased number in the charter of the year 1 132, many 
of whom were living after the year 11 38, it seems to 
point to the conclusion that the execution of the two 
succeeding charters must have been made during the 
latter half of the recorded time that this William was 
dean of St. Paul's. 

This is the covenant between the canons of St. 



MIDDLESEX. 257 

Paul's and Guthmundus concerning the land which 
Willelmus de Coveleia held of these canons in the 
market-place. Willelmus, the dean, and the whole 
assembly granted to the said Guthmundus the afore- 
said land in fee and inheritance ; but neither he nor 
his heirs can sell or pledge anything of this fee, ex- 
cept by the license of the chapter, and no one shall 
inherit the same after his death, except he is his near- 
est kinsman. But Guthmundus shall give 45. yearly, 
during his life, for this fee, to the canons ; namely, 2^. 
at Easter and 2s. at Michaelmas. After the death of 
Guthmundus his heirs shall give yearly 7^. ; namely, 
18^. at Christmas, 2s. at Easter, \Zd. at Midsummer 
Day, and 2s. at Michaelmas. And for this fee Guth- 
mundus has sworn fealty to the canons in their chap- 
ter, and given them, for this covenant, i mark in 
silver. At this grant were the following canons pres- 
ent: Willelmus decanus, Hugo filius Alberti, Ro- 
bertus de Caem, Nicolaus ; Gaufridus et Robertus 
filii Wlfredi, Robertus et Hugo filii Generanni, Ra- 
dulfus de Langeford, Odo, Hubertus, Teodoricus, 
Rannulfus. These are witnesses : Robertus filius 
Gosberti, Willelmus frater ejus, Brungarus, Robertus 
privignus (stepson) Guthmundi, Gocelinus, Ailredus, 
Radulfits Francigena, Eadwardus, Walterus de Gran- 
fort, Willielmus frater ejus. 

This is the covenant between the canons of St. 
Paul's, Robertus, brother of Fulcredus, and Baldricus, 
his son ; namely, that these canons granted to the 



258 MIDDLESEX. 

said Robertus and Baldricus the land which Wal- 
terus Wasderius held, to hold during their lifetimes 
for a yearly rent of 125., payable at Easter and 
Michaelmas. Ad quod sunt testes, Willelmus de- 
canus, Ricardus archidiaconus, Hugo filius Alberti, 
Robertus filius Wluredi, Rannulfus, Teodoricus 
juvenis, Nicolaus, Willelmus de Calnia, Walterus 
filius Episcopi, Magister Radulfus de Langheford, 
Gaufridus constabularus, Cyprianus archidiaconus, 
Hugo archidiaconus, Robertus de Auco, Magister 
Henricus, Gaufridus filius Wluredi, Hubertus, Hugo 
filius Generanni, Ricardus de Wintonia, WillelniMs 
Fj^a^icigcna, Alwinus sacerdos de Bealcamp, Ed- 
winus scriba, Willelmus Camerarius, Picotus Lum- 
bardus, Milo filius Teodorici, Hilo de Beluaco, Ri- 
cardus de Sancto Odmero, Brichmarus bordarius, 
Robertus Peverel, Ricardus dapifer decani. 

The name of Willelmus Francigena is again found 
as a witness to two documents during the time of Ra- 
dulfus de Langford, the succeeding dean of St. Paul's, 
which could not have been of later date than the year 
1152. 

ST. SEPULCHRE. 

In the year 1235, in this ward, under the heading 
of Holborn, w^e have already referred to a Htigo le 
Franceys, whom we take to be the same person as 
mentioned in this parish. So we judge that the gift 



MIDDLESEX. 259 

of Hugo le Franceys, to which allusion is made in the 
following record, must have been made some time 
about the above-named period. 

Among the donations to Leicester Abbey, as found 
in the list of its possessions, is the following relating 
to a charter and memorandum: — 

We have, of the gift of Hugo le Franceys and 
Dionisia, his wife, his tenement which he had in the 
city of London, and without ; namely, his capital mes- 
suage with all its appurtenances in the parish of St. 
Sepulchre, without the gate of Newgate, rendering 
yearly 25^-., as stated in the charter. 

We have, of the gift of Johannes Woburn, i^^s. an- 
nual rent, which he used to receive of the aforesaid 
tenement of Hugo le Fraunceys. 

Memorandum, that we have granted, demised, and 
by our charter confirmed, to Cristiana, daughter of 
Radulphus Faber, of Newgate, London, all our land 
with the houses thereon which we have of the gift 
of Higo Franciscus, baker (pistor), in the parish of St, 
Sepulchre without Newgate, which lies between the 
cemetery of St. Sepulchre and the land which be- 
longed to Gilbertus le Horsmeg'e, to be held to her 
and her heirs for a payment to us of 21^. yearly. 

The Fraternity of Bakers, according to Maitland, 
appears to be of great antiquity; for in the beginning 
of Henry IL's reign, anno 1155, it was charged, in 
the Great Roll of the Exchequer, with a debt of i 
mark of gold for their guild, which seems as if the 



2 6o MIDDLESEX. 

ancient guilds had held their privileges in fee-farm 
of the crown. However, this company does not ap- 
pear to have been incorporated till about the year 
1307, when it had a letters patent from Edward 
II., under the style of The Master and Wardens of 
the Mystery or Art of Bakers of the City of London. 

" The bakers, probably observing that great profits 
arose to the clergy by the use of the symbols of the 
Cross, Agnus Dei's, and name of Jesus, to oblige 
their customers (for their own interest), began to im- 
print upon their bread the like representations, which 
induced Henry the Third, by his mandate from St. 
Edmund's-Bury, of September ist. Anno 1252, strictly 
to injoin all bakers, thenceforth not to put any of 
those sacred representations upon their bread." 

A.D. 1365. — Release by Adam Costard and Alice, his 
wife, to Simon Firnsshc and Haiuisc, his wife, of their 
right to a tenement and shop in Clerkenewellestrete, 
without the bar of Westmethfeld, in the parish of St. 
Sepulchre. Dated on the 13th of May, 39 Edward 
III. 

A.D. 1365. — Grant by John Marsshal, vicar of 
Stokeburi, County Kent, and Ralph de Redyng, to 
Simon FrenssJie and Hawisc, his wife, of a messuage 
in the parish of St. Sepulchre, without the bar of 
Westmethfeld. Dated on the 5th of July, 39 Ed- 
ward III. 

A.D. 1370. — Grant by Ralph de Redyng to Simon 
FrenssJie and Hazuise, his wife, of a messuage in the 



MIDDLESEX. 261 

parish of St. Sepulchre, without the bar of Westmeth- 
feld. Dated on the 8th of April, 44 Edward III. 

In the forty-fifth year of the reign of King Edward 
III. (1371) a final concord was made between William 
de Stowe, fishmonger, and Alice, his wife, on one 
part, and Simon Freynssh and Hazuisia, his wife, on 
the other part, concerning two messuages in the par- 
ish of St. Sepulchre, without the bar of Westmythe- 
feld, London. 

VINTRY \A/'ARD. 

This ward takes its name, according to William 
Maitland, from the Vintrie, occupied by vintners or 
wine-merchants from Bordeaux, settled on the banks 
of the river Thames ; at which place they landed their 
wines, and were obliged to sell them in forty days, till 
the 28 Edward I., who by privy seal granted longer 
time and certain privileges to the merchants. 

ST. MICHAEL PATERNOSTER ROYAL. 

" The church of this parish received its name from 
being dedicated to this saint, and from its vicinity to 
the Tower Royal." 

" La Ryole Street, in this parish, received its name 
from La Reole, on the river Garonne, near Bordeaux, 
in France. Kerion-lane, in Royal Street, stretches 
forth from over against St. Michael's Church to and 



262 MIDDLESEX. 

by the north side of St. James Church by Garlisk- 
hithe." 

32 Edward I. (1303-4). — Johanna, daughter of 
Laurence Duket, in her will bequests to Cristiana, 
her sister, for life, rents held by the said Cristiana 
and Margery de Bircheholte in the parishes of All 
Hallows at the Hay and St. Martin in the Vintry, 
the reversion of which was in the testatrix under the 
will of her father. To Robert de Cornedale, clerk, a 
tenement in the street of Ryole, in the parish of St. 
Michael de Paternosterchirche, saving to Walter de 
Frau7tceys his term, and charges with payment of her 
debts and legacies. 

Walter le F^^aiinceys in his will proved and enrolled 
in the Court of Hursting, London, on Monday the 
morrow of the feast of Saint James the Apostle, 1305, 
bequests to Matilda and Margaret, his daughters, and 
to Joh7t, his son, his tenement in Kyronlane, parish of 
St. Michael de Paternostercherche, in successive tail, 
paying annually 2s. to the abbot and convent of 
Thame. Also to the said Margaret and Matilda, in 
successive tail, houses in the same lane and parish ; 
remainder to pious and charitable uses. No date. 

Whereupon came Robert de Cornedale, and put his 
claim upon 6 marks rent due to him from a tenement 
devised to the said Matilda. 

E^nma, late wife of Walter le Fraunceys, in her will 
dated on the morrow of the feast of Holy Trinity, 



MIDDLESEX. 263 

1307, bequests to John, her son, her tenement and 
rents in the parish of St, Michael de Paternostre- 
chirche, in tail ; remainder to Margaret and Matilda, 
her daughters ; remainder to pious uses. Richard de 
Clodeshale and the aforesaid Matilda, wife of the 
same, to have the custody of the said John and Alar- 
garet until they come of age. 

Nicholas de Perundene, or Perundon, in his will 
dated at London, on Wednesday next before the feast 
of Saint Katherine, Virgin (25th of November), 1329, 
bequests his shop in the parish of St. Nicholas de 
Colemanstrete (sic), and also a certain brewhouse, to 
be sold for pious uses. The same to be done with 
ten acres of land in the vill of Perundon (Parndon, 
County Essex), and two shops in the vill of St. Alban, 
in the strete called " Spitelstrate," in the parish of 
St. Stephen. 

Whereupon came Robert, son of John le Frensh, 
and put his claim upon the above brewhouse, which 
was situate in Grubbestrete (now Milton Street) in 
the parish of St. Giles without Crupulgate, inasmuch 
as Matilda la Frensh gave the same to a certain 
Geoffrey de Felstede and Cristina, his wife, and the 
heirs of their bodies, etc., with remainder to the said 
Robert, and the said Geoffrey and Cristina died with- 
out an heir, etc. 

John Mortymer, saddler, in his will, dated at Lon- 
don, on the 25th of May, 1368, orders to be buried in 
the churchyard of St. Mary Wolchirchawe (St. Mary 



264 MIDDLESEX. 

Woolchurch Haw in Walbrook Ward). He bequests 
to the Church of St. Mary aforesaid and ministers 
thereof; Johanna, daughter of John Goby, senior, to 
have the sum of 10/. which Juhana, his wife, gave her 
for her marriage ; and Margaret, daughter of Walter 
Frensshe, to have the sum of 6/. which the aforesaid 
John Goby left to her, the same to be paid to her out 
of the sum of 7/. which John Frcnsshe owed the tes- 
tator. Provision made for tapers at his funeral, and 
for the maintenance of chantries in the aforesaid 
church, charged on a certain tenement near Berbyn- 
derlane in the parish of St. Mary aforesaid, which 
tenements he leaves to the aforesaid John Frensshe, 
in tail male ; remainder to Nicholas Kylby. 



WESTMINSTER. 

Exchequer Court. 

This court has a special interest in this volume, as 
one of its barons was of the surnames under considera- 
tion. It was one of the four great courts of the king- 
dom, and held its meetin2:s in a room contiQ:uous to 
the north-west angle of Westminster Hall. As re- 
gards the history of the Exchequer, Madox states on 
this subject that " from or soon after the time of the 
Norman Conquest the Scaccarium or Exchequer of 
England is frequently mentioned by the English his- 



MIDDLESEX. 265 

torians and records. There was an Exchequer in 
England in the reign of King Henry I., son of King 
William I., which has continued ever since. The 
judges or governors of it were at that time styled 
Barones Scaccarii, and administered justice to the 
subjects, as appears by a writ of King Henry I. con- 
cerning a charter to the canons of Holy Trinity in 
London," as follows: — 

Henricus, King of England, to Rogerus, Bishop of 
Salisbury, and the barons of the Exchequer, greeting. 
Know ye that I have granted and confirmed the do- 
nation which Matilda, my wife, gave and granted to 
the canons of Holy Trinity, — namely, 25/. Blank, 
which she gave them of the firm of the city of Exe- 
ter ; and I command you to constrain the sheriff of 
Devonshire to pay the same to them. Teste, Gau- 
frido de Clintona, at Winchester. 

Somewhat over a century after this royal writ the 
records show'among the barons of the Exchequer the 
name of Johannes Francigena, of whom special men- 
tion is made in the succeeding county of Westmor- 
land. 

As it was during his term of ofifice, and at a time 
when Ricardus le Francois was among the monetarii, 
that took place a notable historical event called the 
Trial of the Fix, it may not be uninteresting to give 
the following translation of the royal writ to the city 
of London, for what is considered the earliest trial 
of the pix in England and most probably the first 
trial of assay resorted to in that country : — 



2 66 MIDDLESEX. 

Henry, by the grace of God, King of England, etc., 
to the mayor and citizens of London, greeting. We 
command that you elect twelve discreet and loyal 
men of our city of London, and twelve goldsmiths of 
the same city, so that in all there are twenty-four dis- 
creet men, who at the same time shall come before 
the barons of the Exchequer at Westminster, and 
upon their oath, together with these barons, examine 
the purity and fineness of the old and new money of 
our realm. 

In compliance with this writ, in the thirty-second 
year of the reign of King Henry III., on Wednesday 
next before the feast of Saint Gregory, the assay was 
made in the presence of the lord the king, the Earl of 
Cornwall, the king's brother; Willelmus de Hauer- 
hulle, the king's treasurer; Edwardus de Westmonas- 
terio, Willelmus Hardel, then custos of the mints of 
London and Canterbury ; Radulphus de Ely, the 
barons of the Exchequer, and others faithful of the 
king then present. 

Writs were also issued to hold similar assays at the 
different mints of the kingdom. 

Among those at the assay in the city of Gloucester 
it is noticed that Ricardus Ic Francois was one of the 
four monetarii. 

A final concord was made in the eighth year of the 
reign of King Edward I. (1279-S0) between Thomas 
Fraunccys and Petronilla, his wife, on one part, and 
Thomas de Brideport, on the other part, concerning 
premises in Westminster. 



MIDDLESEX. 267 

The following records relating to the reign of King 
Edward II., although of value on the surname of 
Franceis, are given on account of their historical in- 
terest, as the period is later than assigned to that sur- 
name. They have been placed under this heading, 
as Westminster was intimately associated with the 
English sovereigns and its chancery, and from the 
fact that more of these records are identified with it 
than any one of the other places named where King 
Edward's writs, commands, or wishes are recorded. 

A.D. 1308, January 15, Dover. — Memorandum, that 
on Saturday the feast of SS. Fabian and Sebastian 
the Martyrs, at Dover, in the chamber of J(ohn de 
Langton), Bishop of Chichester, the king's chancellor, 
the said chancellor delivered under his seal to 
Johannes Swyft, the messenger of Radulphus de 
Gorges, sheriff of Devon, the greater piece (peciam) 
of the king's seal appointed for the recognizances of 
debts at Exeter, in the presence of Dominus Adam 
de Osgodby, Dominus Robertus de Bardelby, Magis- 
ter Johannes Fraunceys, Rogerus de Sutton, and 
others, to be carried to Exeter to the mayor of that 
town. 

Memorandum, that on the same day the said 
chancellor delivered under his seal to Adam Poneray, 
clerk, keeper of the smaller piece of the king's seal 
appointed for recognizances of debts in the city of 
Winchester, the greater part of the same seal, in the 
presence of Dominus Adam de Osgodby, Dominus 



2 68 MIDDLESEX. 

Robertus de Bardelby, Magistcr Johannes Frannccys, 
Rogerus de Sutton, and others, to be carried to West- 
minster, and delivered to the mayor of the same. 

Memorandum, that on Wednesday next after the 
Purification, 7th of February, 1 30S, the king returned 
from Boulogne, where he had espoused the Lady 
Isabella, daughter of the King of France, and landed 
at Dover in his barge about nones. Dominus Henri- 
cus le Despenser and Dominus de Castellione were 
in the vessel with the king; and a little after nones 
the queen landed, with certain ladies who formed her 
train. The great seal was in the custody of the 
keeper of the wardrobe, who could not make the port 
of Dover on that day, so that no writs were sealed 
from the hour of the king's landing until the follow- 
ing Friday, 9th of February ; but on the same Friday 
about noon (John de Langton) the Bishop of Chi- 
chester, chancellor, delivered to the king, in his 
chamber in Dover Castle, the seal which had been 
used in England whilst the king was abroad. And 
the king, receiving the same, delivered it to Dominus 
Willelmus de Melton, comptroller of the wardrobe ; 
and immediately afterwards the king with his own 
hand delivered the great seal to the said chancellor, 
under the signets of Dominus J. de Benstede, the 
keeper of the wardrobe, and Magistcj^ Johannes ffraun- 
ceis, in the presence of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster ; 
Petrus, Earl of Cornwall ; Dominus Hugo le De- 
spenser, Willielmus Martyn, and Willielmus Inge, 



MIDDLESEX. 269 

knights ; and Adam de Osgodeby, clerk. And on 
the same day, after dinner, the said chancellor, being 
in his hospitium in the Maison Dieu at Dover, 
caused writs to be sealed with the great seal. 

A.D. 1308, March i, Westminster. — Memorandum, 
that Thomas de Banquell, son and heir of Johannes 
de Banquell, delivered by the king's writ to Magister 
Johannes Fraunceys, before the king's council, by 
order of the chancellor, on Sunday next before the 
feast of Saint Gregory, in the first year of the king's 
reign, two public instruments touching the affairs of 
the merchants of England and France, to which the 
said Johannes de Banquell used to attend, — to wit, 
an instrument under the hand of Petrus de Villa 
Regia, clerk of the diocese of Amiens, executed at 
Monstroll, beginning thus : " In nomine Domini, 
amen," and finishing thus: "In testimonium omnium 
premissorum " ; and another instrument under the 
hand of Johannes Hervei, clerk of the diocese of Dol, 
executed at Paris, beginning thus: "In nomine Dei, 
amen," and finishing thus : " Pro dicto negotio et pre- 
misses faciendis." 

Memorandum, that on Tuesday next after the 
feast of Saint John ante Portam Latinam, — to wit. 
May 12, about the hour of noon, in the year 13 10, — at 
Woodstock, in the chamber near the entrance to the 
king's great hall there, the Bishop of Worcester (Wal- 
ter Reynolds) delivered the king's great seal by the 
king's order to Dominus Willelmus de Melton, Dom- 



270 MIDDLESEX. 

in US Robertus de Bardelby, and Af agister Johamics 
ffraunceis, in the presence of the clerks of the chan- 
cery, to do what pertains to the office of the said seal 
until the king shall otherwise ordain, on oath to faith- 
fully execute that office ; and they immediately sealed 
writs, and, after such sealing, delivered the seal to In- 
gelardus de Warlegh, keeper of the king's wardrobe, 
to be kept in the king's wardrobe. 

A.D. 1 310, — Memorandum, that on Monday before 
the feast of the Translation of Saint Thomas the 
Martyr, July 6, Adam de Osgodeby, keeper of the 
Rolls of the Chancery, delivered the king's great seal, 
which had been in his custody under the seals of 
Robertus de Bardelby and M^igistQi' Jokamtes ffraiin- 
ceys, to the king in the little chapel near the painted 
chamber, Westminster; who delivered it to Walterus, 
Bishop of Worcester, who received it from the king, 
and took oath of office, and redelivered the seal to 
the said Adam, receiving it from him on the morrow 
in Westminster Hall at the great bench upon which 
the chancellor was w^ont to sit, and opened it and 
sealed writs with it. 

A.D. 1 31 2, March 8, York. — Commission to J(ohn 
Salmon), Bishop of Norwich, Guido Ferre, Johannes 
de Crumbw^ll, Hugo de Aldeby, Willielmus Deyn- 
curt, Henricus Spigurnel, and Henricus le Scrope, 
knights, and Magister Thomas de Cobeham, Ro- 
bertus de Pikering, Walterus de Thorpe, Gilbertus 
de Middelton, Johannes ffraiinceys, and Andreas de 



MIDDLESEX. 271 

Brigges, the king's clerks, to treat with the prelates, 
earls, and barons of the realm for the purpose of 
correcting such parts, if any, of the ordinances as are 
hurtful or prejudicial to the king, or any other person. 
The commission is issued by virtue of the power re- 
served to the king in his protestation when he as- 
sented to the ordinances. 

A.D. 1 31 2, March 8, York. — Letters patent or com- 
mission addressed to the Archbishop of Canterbury, 
Primate of all England, and all the other bishops of 
the province of Canterbury, about the assembly at 
London, together with certain earls and barons of 
England. The king intends to despatch the Bishop 
of Norwich, Guido Ferre, Johannes de Crumbwell, 
Hugo de Audele, Willielmus Deyncourt, Henricus 
Spigurnel, and Henricus le Scrop, knights, and 
Thomas de Cobeham, Robertus de Pikering, Wal- 
terus de Thorpe, Gilbertus de Middelton, Johannes 
ffratinceys, and Andreas de Bruges, his clerks, unto 
them, for the purpose of declaring certain matters 
touching the ordinances which the king has much at 
heart; and they are therefore required to give full 
faith to the commissioners, or such of them as shall 
present the letters, so affording their advice that the 
king may have reason to commend their diligence. 

Similar letters were addressed to the earls and 
barons about the assembly at London. 

A.D. 1 31 2, March 8, York. — Writ addressed to the 
Bishop of Norwich recites that he, together with 



272 MIDDLESEX. 

Giiido Ferre, Johannes de Crumbwell, Hugo Daude- 
ley, Willielmus Deyncourt, Henricus Spigurnel, and 
Henricus le Scrop, knights, and Thomas de Cobe- 
ham, Robertas de Pikering, Walterus de Thorpe, 
Gilbertus de Middelton, JoJianucs ffraiiuccis, and 
Andreas de Bruges, the king's clerks, had been ap- 
pointed the king's commissioners for the despatch of 
certain affairs specially concerning the king and king- 
dom. He is commanded and firmly enjoined that, all 
other matters laid aside, he is to proceed forthwith to 
London, in order to treat and advise with the other 
lieges and clerks before mentioned upon the said 
affairs, and to give counsel thereupon in such manner 
as he shall be then more fully instructed. 

In a writ tested at Windsor, on the 8th of January, 
1 31 3, Magister JoJiauncs Fraiuiceis is commanded, 
" in fide et dilectione," all other matters laid aside, to 
attend as one of the council at the Parliament which 
the king has ordained to be held at Westminster, on 
the third Sunday in Lent, i8th of March, 131 3. 

In a writ tested at Westminster on the twenty-sixth 
day of July, Magister Johannes Fraunccys is com- 
manded, among the justices and others of the council, 
all other matters laid aside, to appear in the Parlia- 
ment at Westminster, on Sunday next after the feast 
of Saint Matthew the Apostle, 23d of September, to 
advise with others of the council. 



NORFOLK. 



GENERAL. 



A.D. 1 1 99, May 9. — Jocobus de Ethere essoins him- 
self by Ricardus Franceis in a plea of land against 
Robertus Rus. 

A.D. 1 1 99. — Robertus de Colevill' essoins himself 
by Willielmtis Franceis in a plea of land against Alex- 
ander Puintel. 

A.D. 1200. — At the pleas in one month of Easter, 
7th of May, Willebnus Franceis is mentioned as a 
bailiff. 

NORWICH CITY. 

At the crown pleas held in the city of Norwich in 
the fourteenth year of the reign of King Edward I. 
(1285-86) Philippus le Fraujiceys, of Coslane, was in 
misericordia. 

The Leet Roll of 1287-88 of the parishes of St. 
Michael de Coslany, St. George, St. Mary, and St. 
Martin, shows that " Philippns fraunceys and other 
jurors stated on their oath that all the dubbers who 
dub cowhides make fraud in their work. They said 
also that Ranulphus Saluz drew blood by night of 



2 74 NORFOLK. 

Rogerus Ruchballok when he came with corn about 
midnight. They stated that all the brewers have 
broken the assize. They said also concerning the 
fishmongers, regraters, and poulterers as above. 
They stated also that Rogerus Blackberd made ham- 
soken at the house of Alicie de Worstede. Galfridus, 
brother of Ricardus de Coslanye, is in mercy because 
he is not in tithing and has been in the city for three 
years. Afterwards he was found to be in tithing. 
Concerning Simon de Melton [he is in mercy] for 
grievous contempt done to the bailiffs because he de- 
clined to take the oath when he was elected sub-con- 
stable by all the jurors." 



BROTHERCROSS HUNDRED. 

NORTH CREAKE. 

5 Edward 1.(1276-77). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Ida, daughter of John Fraiinceis, against Robert 
Makefare and others, touching a tenement in North- 
er eyk. 

CLAVERING HUNDRED. 

STOCKTON. 

At an inquisition made in the third year of the 
reign of King Edward I. (1274-75) the jurors said 



NORFOLK. 275 

that Robertus de Potefford, at the time he was ser- 
geant of Stoctun, took unjustly three rood of land from 
Rogerus, son of T/i{omas) le Franceys, of Stoctun, and 
still retains them. 



DISS HUNDRED. 

SHELFHANGER. 

A.D. 1 28 1. — The sheriff of Suffolk was ordered to 
have Walterus Shelhang' to attend at the pleas in 
Lincolnshire, on the octaves of Saint Hilary, in the 
ninth year of the reign of King Edward I., to answer 
the king for several trespasses made by him when 
sheriff of Lincoln. Walterus did not come, and he 
was mainprised by Reginaldus Fraunceys of Shelhang' 
and others of same place, who therefore are in 
misericordia ; and the sheriff is commanded to dis- 
train him of all his lands, and attach him to attend on 
the close of Easter. 



ERPINGHAM, NORTH, HUNDRED. 

BEESTON REGIS. 

In the Crown Plea Roll of the thirty-fourth year of 
Henry III. (1249-50) is found that Willelmus, son of 
Walterus de Bromholm, a boy aged one year and a 



276 NORFOLK. 

half, was found drowned in a ditch in Beston. His 
mother, Inghereta, did not come to the inquest, there- 
fore she is fined. She is attached by Willcbnus le 
Frauccys and Willehiius Brun, of Beston. Four of 
the neighbors did not come, for which they were at- 
tached by Adam de la Bruere and three others. 
Athelmerton (Aylmerton) and other villages were 
fined for burying the boy without right of the coroner. 
In the Schedule Roll of same year it is found that 
Willcbmis Ic Frauceis and Willelmus Brun, of Beston, 
were fined half a mark for not having the person 
whom they pledged. 



ERPINGHAM, SOUTH, HUNDRED. 

AYLSHAM. 

A.D. 1200. — John, by the grace of God, king, etc., 
to his archbishops, etc., greeting. Know ye that we 
have granted, and by this our present charter have 
confirmed, to God, the glorious martyr Saint Edmund, 
Abbot Sampson, and his successors, and the monks 
serving God at St. Edmund('s Bury, in Suffolk), in 
free and perpetual alms, for our welfare and that of 
our ancestors and successors, ten librates of land in 
our soc of Eyllesham ; namely, the land which Will- 
ielmus Bardulfus held there, with all appurtenances, 
valued at 100.^.; and other land worth looi". in the 



NORFOLK. 277 

same soc, with the following tenants ; namely, Jo- 
hannes de Hastinges with the land he held of King 
Richard, our brother, Alexander, Radulphus, and 
Robertas with their lands, Johannes Cappellanus with 
his land " sub Erlage," Robertiis Franceis and Her- 
veius, his associate, with their land, Elstanus with his 
land, etc., etc., all the remainder of the wood called 
Herlage (Erlage) as it was in the hands of aforesaid 
King Richard. These ten librates of land we grant, 
etc., for the celebration of the aforesaid glorious 
martyr, etc. Wherefore we will and strictly com- 
mand that the said abbot, his successors, and the 
monks may have and hold the aforesaid lands, with 
all appurtenances, and the said men, well and in 
peace, freely and quietly, entirely and honorably, in 
wood, in plain, in roads and in paths, in waters and 
mills, in vivaries and in pools, in meadow and past- 
ure, in homages, services, and relief, with its liberties 
and free customs, etc. Given by the hands of the 
aforesaid S(ampson) and J(ohn) at Selveston', on the 
fifteenth day of March, in the first year of our reign. 



LITTLE BARNINGHAM. 

In 1343 Sir Robert de Causton, knight, gave the 
rectory of Berningham Parva to Bartholomew French. 



278 NORFOLK. 

EYNESFORD HUNDRED. 

In the third year of the reign of King Edward I. 
(1274-75) the jurors stated that Ernaldus de Folsham, 
catch poll of this hundred, by his power as public 
officer, had unjustly extorted ^s. ^d. from Galfridus 

Fraiinccys. 

FOREHOE HUNDRED. 

RUNHALL. 

At an inquisition held in the third year of the 
reign of King Edward I. (1274-75) the jurors of the 
hundred of Fourhowe said that dominus Frmmceys in 
Runhal has withdrawn himself from the court-leet in 
Runhal, belonging to the said hundred, for the liberty 
of Costiseye, but they do not know by what warrant. 

WYMONDHAM PRIORY. 

William de Albini, of the Cotentin family of that 
surname, was enfeoffed of the barony of Buckingham 
by King Henry I., to hold the same by the tenure of 
grand serjeanty, with the honorable service of pin- 
cerna regis. He was the founder of this priory very 
early in the reign of King Henry I. The foundation 
charter could not have been later than the year 1 107, 



NORFOLK. 



•79 



as in that year Rogerus Bigod, one of the witnesses 
to the same, died. Among the other witnesses was 
Albcrtus fraiicigena. 

There is another charter in favor of this priory, of 
a later date, wherein it is stated that Willelmus de 
Albeneyo, pincerna of Henry, King of England, as- 
sisting at the exequies of his wife, Matilda, the 
daughter of Rogerus Bigot, moaning and crying, and 
for the salvation of the deceased, with the hope of 
eternal retribution, and for the safety of King Henry 
and his wife (2d), Queen Adelize, and for the souls of 
King William, his father, and Matilda, his mother, 
and Matilda, his wife (ist), and his brothers and an- 
cestors, and for the soul of Rogerus Bigot and those 
of the sons of Eborardus, Bishop of Norwich, con- 
firmed to God, the Virgin Mary, and the monks of 
Wymundham, the manor called Hapesbury (Happis- 
burgh), to be held forever, excepting a little dwelling 
called Eccles ; confirming his donation by the deliv- 
ery of a cross of silver in which were placed certain 
venerable relics ; namely, part of the wood of the 
cross whereon our Lord was crucified, part of the 
manger wherein he was laid at his birth, and part of 
the sepulchre of the Blessed Virgin, as also a gold 
ring, and a silver chalice for retaining the holy 
eucharist, which he offered upon the altar of the 
church. Among the witnesses were his three sons, 
Willelmus, Nigellus, and Oliverus; and Albertus 
Fraiicigena and his brother, Reginaldus Fraucigena ; 



2 8o NORFOLK. 

the second name following the last two named being 
that of Willielmus de Curciona, who at the same 
hour gave to the church of Wymundeham twenty 
acres of land, with all the customary tithes of Stan- 
feld. 

The date of the second charter is somewhat ap- 
proximated from the fact that it was made during the 
reign of King Henry I., in the time of his second 
wife, Queen Adelize, who was married to him, accord- 
ing to Sanford, on the 2d of February, 1121 ; and, as 
eleven of the witnesses to the first charter of William 
de Albini are all found as witnesses either to this his 
second charter or to the donation of William de Cur- 
ciona, of the same date, there is the strongest indica- 
tion that this charter must have been executed soon 
after the year 1 121, 

Alberhis Francigena or Franc esius, as he is called 
in Liber Niger, held, according to the report returna- 
ble to the Royal Exchequer on the 17th of March, 
1 1 66, two knights' fees in this county under Willel- 
mus de Albineio II., who held in capite of the king. 



FREEBRIDGE LYNN HUNDRED. 

LYNN REGIS. 

A.D. 1293. — Writ of aid directed to the mayor and 
bailiffs of Lenn in favor of Godfrey le Fraunceys, 



NORFOLK. 



burgess of Lenn, whom Matthew de Columbariis, 
king's Serjeant, and holding, during pleasure, the 
office of chamberlain and gauger throughout the 
realm, has substituted in his place in that town. 



FREEBRIDGE MARSHLAND HUNDRED. 

TILNEY. 

In the octaves of Saint John the Baptist, ist of 
July, 1 199, Petris de Frith essoined himself de malo 
lecto, at Tilneia, by Reinerus Francus and Radulphus 
filius Willelmi, in a plea of land, against Henricus, 
his brother. 

WALPOLE. 

A.D. 1239. — Hugo, son of Willelmus Le Franccis, 
gives I mark for having four justices to take an 
assize touching a tenement in WalepoU'. The 
sheriff of Norfolk is commanded to take surety, etc. 
Teste Rege, at Windsor, on the eighteenth day of 
July. 

WIGGENHALL. 

A.D. 1 199, October 13. — An assize came to recog- 
nize if Godefridus Lesewis, Petrus le Franceis., and 
others, had unjustly and without judgment disseised 
Semanus de Wigehale and Eudo de Wigehale of 



282 NORFOLK. 

their free tenement in Wigehale, after the feast of 
Saint Michael, next before the coronation of King 
John. 



GREENHOE, NORTH, HUNDRED. 

BINHAM ABBEY. 

Peter de Valoniis, of the Cotentin family of that 
surname, and his wife, Albreda, founded this monas- 
tery with the approval of his sons, William and Roger, 
and his nephew, Walter, and with the consent and 
license of King Henry I. and Queen Matilda, his 
wife. Among the witnesses to this charter were the 
names of Ricardus, abbot of St. Benedict of Holme, 
Robertus, abbot of St. Edmund's, and Albcrtus Fran- 
cigcna. 

Commenting on this charter, Dugdale states that it 
was probably executed about the year 1104. It is 
evident from the abbots who were witnesses that it 
could not have been made prior to the year iioi and 
not later than the year 1107, as Abbot Richard was 
not elected to his office until after the first date, and 
Abbot Robert died in 1 106 or 1107. 

In a chirograph made in the year 1108, between 
Bishop Herbert (of Norwich) and Peter de Valoniis, 
settling a dispute in regard to lands of the manors of 
Binham and Langham, it is found that Albcrtus 
fraiicigcna was among the witnesses on the part of 
Peter de Valoniis. 



NORFOLK. 283 

WALSINGHAM. 

At an inquisition held in the third year of the reign 
of King Edward I. (1274-75) the jurors of the hun- 
dred of Northgrenehog stated that Gilbertus de Clare, 
Earl of Gloucester, holds of the king in capite the 
manors of Wells, Warham, and Parva Walsingham. 

They also said that Ricardus Franceys used to give 
6d. per annum for chiriveschot and ^d. for wodewelle- 
hot, which he has withdrawn for eight years by the 
authority of the Earl of Gloucester. 

Roteland' de Rumely, Willelmus his son, Willel- 
mus de Ippestan, Robertus Pays, chaplain, Stephanus., 
son of BartJwlomciis Franceis, son of Stcphaims Fran- 
ceis, and others hold a tenement in Walsingham- 
which had belonged to Radulphus Pays, for which 
they had withdrawn one suit from the hundred ; and 
they had withdrawn in chiriveschot /^^d. and in wode- 
wellehot ^\d. for four years, by authority of the Earl 
of Gloucester. 

The jury said that Willelmus Gyffard, sheriff of 
Norfolk, had two years before received command 
from the king to pay lOOs. to Ricardus Franceys 
which was due him from King Henry, but he had 
not yet paid it. 

The jury also said that Ricardus Fraunceys had 
withdrawn dd. from the sheriff's tourn and 6d. of the 
sheriff s aid for four years. 

They also said that the lord the king owed Radul- 



284 NORFOLK. 

phus Carnifex, of Hindriiigham, 4^. 6</. for meat, and 
Ricardiis Ic Fraunceys, of Walsingham, had received 
the money, but had not given it to Radulphus. 



GRIMSHOE HUNDRED. 

At an inquisition held in the third year of the reign 
of King Edward I. (1274-75) the jurors of Grimes- 
howe hundred said that Alexander de Acria and 
Philippus Waze, bailiffs of the Earl of Warren, had 
taken cattle from Willehmis Frmmccys^ and annoyed 
him until he gave them \2d. 



LAUNDITCH HUNDRED. 

BEETLEY. 

8 Edward I. (1279-80). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of mort d'ancestor arraigned 
by Robert Ouersfeld' against Simon Ouersfeld' and 
John Fraicnceis, touching land in Betele. 

NORWICH LIBERTY. 

LAKENHAM. 

At an inquisition held in the third year of the reign 
of King Edward I. (1274-75) the jurors said that 



NORFOLK. 285 

Willelmus Gyffard, sheriff, took half a mark of Will- 
elmus le Franceys, of Lakenham (who was accused by 
a certain appellant), for releasing him on surety. 



SHROPHAM HUNDRED. 

THETFORD. 

At an inquisition held in the third year of the reign 
of King Edward I. (1274-75) the jurors said that 
Hugo le Fratmceys, of Theford, when bailiff and cor- 
oner, had imprisoned Johannes, son of Clemens de 
Stanford, and would not release him on bail before he 
had given him two loads of oats. 

They also said that Hugo Fraunceys, at the time 
he was bailiff and coroner of Theford, by his power 
as public officer had taken from Alicia, relict of 
Thomas Clericus, one acre of land for dimitting her 
in peace ; and the same Hugo had taken from Beatrix 
Cornewaleys some hidden treasure which she had 
found in her yard, worth about lOOs. But they did 
not know if he made report thereof before the justices. 

6 Edward I. 1277-78. — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Alice, late wife of Httgh le Fraunceis, against Roger 
le Fi^aunceis and others, touching a tenement in 
Theford. 

7 Edward I. (1278-79). — Appointment of two jus- 



286 NORFOLK. 

tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Roger, son of Hitgh le Fraunceys, against Robert 
Dolfyn and others, touching a tenement in Thetford. 
In the ninth year of the reign of King Edward I. 
(1280-81) Thomas FratiJiays \\^.s mayor of Thetford. 



TAVERHAM HUNDRED. 

TAVERHAM. 

At an inquisition held in the third year of the reign 
of King Edward I. (1274-75) the jurors said that 
Johannes del Hoth and Hejiricus le Fraunceys, bailiffs 
of Taverham, had taken the cattle of Willelmus, son 
of Rogerus de Sprouston, and maliciously kept them 
until he paid \2d. 

TUNSTEAD HUNDRED. 

SMALLBURGH. 

A.D. 1306. — Grant by William, son of John Fran- 
ceys, of Smalberge, to Reginald, son of Sir William de 
Stalham, knight, of land in Smalberge, in the field of 
Westcroft. Dated on Thursday after Saint John the 
Evangelist, 35 Edward I. 



NORTHAMPTONSHIRE. 



GENERAL. 

A family of Foliot held in early days the castle of 
Omonville-la-Foliot, a little to the north of Coutances, 
in the Cotentin of Normandy ; and it is possible that 
Robert Foliot, of whom we have the ensuing notice, 
may have been of this family. 

In the account returnable to the Exchequer on the 
17th of March, 1166 (according to Eyton), Robert 
Foliot gives an account of his knights' fees held 
de veteri feoffamento, in this county, in which is 
noticed that Willelmus de Fi^anceis held of him half a 
knight's fee. 

In I Richard I. (1189-90) the sheriff renders ac- 
count of 20s. for Boistardeslega which had belonged 
to Willielrmis le Franceis. 

On the 28th of May, 11 99, Ricardus de Clendun 
essoins himself by Eustachius Franceis in a plea 
against Milisent and Sibilia de Clendon. 

In the same year, on the 15th of July, Ricardus de 
Clenden essoins himself by Eustacius Franceis in a 
plea versus Sibilia de Clenden and Elisent de Dere- 
berc. 



288 NORTHAMPTONSHIRE. 

At the pleas held at Northampton on Wednesday 
next after Lent, 1200, Johajines Franciis, by offering- 
surety, begged to have his lands, which had been 
taken into the king's hands for his default against 
Agnes Andegavensis. 

A.D. 1201. — Rogerus de Yneworth offers 2 marks 
to the lord the king for having as a gift the land of 
Bustardesleg', which Willehmis Lc Franceis had held, 
and for having the king's charter of the same. 

A.D. 1 201. — John, by the grace of God, king, etc. 
Know ye that we have given and granted, and by this 
our present charter have confirmed, to Rogerus de 
Yeneworth and his heirs the land of Bustardesleg', 
which Willclmus le Fratuiccys held, with all its appur- 
tenances. To have and to hold of us and our heirs, 
rendering therefore 2^-. per annum for all services. 
Wherefore we will and strictly command that the 
aforesaid Rogerus, and his heirs after him, may have 
and hold the aforesaid land, with all its appurtenances, 
well and in peace, freely and quietly, entirely and 
honorably, with all its appurtenances in all places, 
with all liberties and free customs for the aforesaid 
service. Witnesses, Gaufridus filius Petri, Earl of 
Essex ; Willelmus Marescallus, Earl of Pembroc ; 
Willelmus Brewerr', Hugo de Nevill, Robertus de 
Turnham, etc. Given by the hand of S. Archdeacon 
of Wells, at Marlborough, on the ninth day of April, 
in the second year of our reign. 

A.D. 1 24 1. — The king gives respite to Walterus de 



. NORTHAMPTONSHIRE. 289 

Godarviir until fifteen days from Easter, anno 26, for 
10 marks, 5 of which are demanded of him by the 
summons of the Exchequer for the escape of Emma, 
wife of Ricardus Le Fratcnceys, whom he had held in 
his prison ; and the other 5 marks are demanded of 
him by the same summons of Exchequer for the de- 
fault which the abbot of St. Wandregesilus made 
before the last justices itinerant in County Northam- 
ton, at the placita foreste. And the barrister of the 
Exchequer is commanded to give him this respite. 
Teste Rege, at Rading', on the twentieth day of No- 
vember, in the twenty-sixth year of the reign of King 
Henry III. 

In 1284-86 Adam, Fraunceys had a free tenement 
in Sarwoton, in this county. 

In this county records of the eighteenth year of the 
reign of King Edward I. (1289-90) is found the name 
of Sarra Fraunceys. 

NORTHAMPTON CITY. 

At the inquest made here by twelve jurors of this 
vill before Willelmus de Sancto Omero and Warinus 
de Chaucumbe, the king's justices, in the third year 
of the reign of King Edward I. (1274-75), the jurors 
said that Robertus Fraiuiceys, of Northampton, holds 
in this vill, in capite of the king, a rental of 20s. 
and more, for which the consideration is four horse- 
shoes, payment of which is to be made yearly into the 



290 



NOR THAAIPTONSHIRE. 



King's Exchequer at London, but they do not know 
from what time or by what warranty. 

The jurors also said that a Johannes, son of the 
chaplain of Haverberge, was arrested at the time of 
the fair of Northampton, four years ago, in the house 
of Johannes le Sus Juvenis, by Willclimis Fraiinccys 
and Ricardus le Mustarder, then bailiffs of Northamp- 
ton, on suspicion of having stolen two supertunicas 
and two swords, although he was innocent ; but they 
permitted him to depart, and said they received no 
consideration. 

At an inquisition in the fourth year of the reign of 
King Edward I. (1275-76) the jurors of this place 
stated that Willelnnis le Franccys and Ricardus le 
Saus', at the time they were bailiffs, had not executed 
the king's command of allowing Johannes filius Jo- 
hannis to redeem his cattle on giving surety. 

In the seventh year of the reign of King Edward 
II. (13 1 3-14) Ricardus, son of Walterus Chambard, 
made a fine with the king of 2 marks for license to 
receive of Alatilda la Frensshc, of Northampton, a 
certain tenement in Northampton, etc. 

The inquest after the death of Roberliis le Frenshe 
in the sixteenth year of the reign of King Edward II. 
(1322-23) shows that he held one messuage and six 
shops in Northampton. 

A.D. 1330. — License for Peter le Frenshe, of North- 
ampton, by the fine of i mark, to grant to Henry 
Roger, of Northampton, Juliana, his wife, and his 



. NORTHAMPTONSHIRE. 291 

heirs a messuage and five shops in Northampton, 
held in chief. Dated at Westminster, on the loth of 
December. 



FAWSLEY HUNDRED. 

In the fifteenth year of the reign of King Edward 
III. (1341) the names oi Johannes Ic Freanynche and 
Willielmus le Freaynch both appear among the jurors 
of Fallewelse hundred at the inquisitio nonarum. 

CATESBY. 

32 Henry III. (1247-48). — Grant by Matilda de 
Dodeford, daughter of Richard de Lega, to brother 
Hamud', of Catebi, of a messuage in the vill of Dode- 
ford. Witnesses, Richard, the chaplain of Stowa, 
John de Lega, Peter Franceis, and others. 

STAVERTON. 

No date. — Grant by William, son of Ralph de 
Esseby, to Simon, son of Richard de Haddon, of 
land in the field of Katesby. Witnesses, Nicholas 
de Capis, Williajn le Franceis, of Staverton, and 
others. 

3 Edward I. (1274-75). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 



292 NORTHAMPTONSHIRE. 

the prioress of Catesby against Gilbcrtus le Fraunceis, 
of Staverton, and Walterus Gonnyld, touching a tene- 
ment in Staverton. 

No date. — Release of John, brother of WilHam de 
Esseby, late Lord of Esseby and Catesby, to the nuns 
of Catesby, to hold in frankalmoign his right of 
lands and tenements in Catesby which his said 
brother had held. Witnesses, Thomas Bolthisham, 
William West, of Staverton, Gilbert Fraiiceis, John 
Abbe, Hugh le Boltiler, and others. 



GUILSBOROUGH HUNDRED. 

WEST HADDON. 

3 Edward 1.(1275-76). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
William le Skyrmere against William le Fraiinceys 
and others, touchina; a tenement in West Haddon. 



ROTHWELL HUNDRED. 

MAIDWELL. 

A.D. 1 34 1. — Willehmis Frcynsh appears as one of 
the jurors of Maydewell at the inquisitio nonarum 
held at Rothewell on Monday next after the feast of 
Saint David, in the fifteenth year of the reign of King 
Edward III. 



NORTHAMPTONSHIRE. 293 



SIBBERTOFT. 



The dates of the ensuing accounts of the surname 
of Franciscus, etc., under the heading of this place, 
contained in our records Nos. i and 2, seem to be 
approximated by the following notices of the Archer 
family : — 

A.D. 1239, June 20. — Willelmus le Archer, who 
held in capite of the king, had a son, Robertus le 
Archer, who made a fine with the king of 505. for his 
relief and for having seisin of the land in Sybetoft 
which had belonged to his father when he died. 
And the sheriff of Northampton is commanded, at 
this date, to take surety and give seisin. 

A.D. 1244, February 8. — Alicia (de Cormeilles), rel- 
ict of Robertus le Archer, made a fine with the king 
for having the custody of the land and heir of afore- 
said Robertus until the legitimate age of the said 
heir, and that she could marry whom she would. 
And the sheriff of Northampton is commanded, at 
this date, to accept surety, and allow her to have the 
said custody. 

Alicia did not long survive the gift of the custody, 
as appears by the following record : — 

A.D. 1244. — "The king has pardoned the pledges 
of Alicia le Archer loo-s-. of the fine of 10/. which the 
said Alicia had made with the king for the custody 
and marriage of Nicholas, son and heir of Robertus le 
Archer. And the sheriff of Northampton is com- 



294 NORTHAMPTONSHIRE. 

manded to take surety of Magister Johannes de Ailes- 
bir', executor of the aforesaid Alicia, for the residue 
of looi". to be paid in the King's Exchequer at Mich- 
aehiias, and permit him to have peace. Teste Rege 
apud Cleve, on the fifth day of July in the year afore- 
said." 

And the sheriffs of Hereford, Warwick, and 
Leicester, are commanded to permit the executors to 
have free administration of all things and chattels 
which belonged to the aforesaid Alicia. Teste ut 
supra. 

Bridges, in his history of this county, quoting from 
the Pipe Roll of the thirty-fifth year of the reign of 
King Henry HI. (1250-51), states that "the successor 
of Robert " (le Archer) "was Nicholas le Archer." 

The serjeanty of Nicholaus le Archer in Sibertoft 
was held for finding one man with bow and arrows to 
serve in the king's army within the bounds of Eng- 
land for forty days at his own expense. 

Record No. i. 

A.D. 1239-44. — Robertus le Archer held Sibertoft 
by serjeanty of archery. Among the alienations of 
the same was that to Johannes Francisciis of half a 



virgate. 



Record No. 2. 



A.D. 1244-51. — In the account of the serjeanties 
arrented in this county by Robert Passelewe, which 



NORTHAMPTONSHIRE. 295 

we take to be of this period, is that of Nicholaus le 
Archer, which was alienated in part. Among the 
alienations was that to Johannes Franceys^ holding 
one virgate of land valued at lOi'., for which he then 
made a fine of \od. per annum. 



WILLYBROOK HUNDRED. 

GLAPTHORN. 

King Henry III., in the thirty-second year of his 
reign (1248), granted by charter to Hugo Franceys 
eighteen acres and one rood of land in Clapethorne. 

Inspeximus of charter dated 15th of October, 32 
Henry HI., 1248, being a grant in fee simple, at a 
yearly rent of 6^., to Hngo Fraunceys, of the land 
which Radulphus de Karevill some time held in Glap- 
thorn ; and confirmation of the same in favor of Will- 
elmus Broun in Glapethorn, who holds the same land, 
now enclosed, and lying between the highway at 
Harlemere toward the east and land of the abbot of 
Peterborough toward the west. Dated at Wood- 
stock, on the ist of May, 1330. 



NORTHUMBERLAND. 



As a preliminary to the introduction of the records 
of this county, it seems appropriate to give the reader 
some idea as to the execution of its criminal laws 
which Mr. Pas-e has brouo^ht to our notice in his 
preface to the Assize Rolls. He states: "In the Pleas 
of the Crown for 40th Henry III. there are recorded 
seventy-seven murders, for only four of which did the 
murderers receive their just punishment ; in one case 
the murderer abjured the realm, and in the remaining 
seventy-two cases the murderers escaped with a slight 
punishment of outlawry. On the same roll we find 
seventy-eight cases of burglary, theft, etc., in twelve of 
which cases the felons were hanged, in fourteen they 
abjured the realm, and in the remaining fifty-two they 
escaped with only the punishment of outlawry. 

" The enormous percentage of unpunished crime 
which these figures show is to be largely accounted 
for by the peculiar position of the county, from which 
it became a matter of comparative ease for a felon to 
escape to some place where the king's writ did not 
run. On the north was the kingdom of Scotland, on 
the south the palatinate of Durham, and between 



NORTHUMBERLAND. 297 

these were the small liberties of Hexham, Tyne- 
mouth, Tynedale, Carham, and Norhamshire, Island- 
shire, and Bedlingtonshire." 

In the year 1279 there is a record of a whole city 
being punished for the non-execution of the law. 
The following is the account given by Mr. Page : — 

"James Fleming, a merchant of Newcastle, went out 
one day early in October, 1272, to collect some money 
for a Gascon wine merchant; and on returning he 
was met by Robert de Sautemareis, a clerk, with three 
attendants, named Robert de Virili, Simon de Ripun, 
and William de Punsland. These attendants were 
ordered to attack the merchant, which they did to 
such effect as to break his head, and then threw him 
half dead into a stream. Here he was found by his 
friends, who carried him to the house of John le 
Flemeng, a bailiff of Newcastle, where he shortly 
after died. In the proceedings it is stated that no 
inquest was held from the date of the death till 1274, 
notwithstanding that the felony was done in the day- 
time and was well known, nor was any one attached 
or taken; from which it appeared that the whole com- 
munity of the borough was consenting to the murder, 
therefore the mayor, bailiffs, and coroners had to an- 
swer for this neglect of duty, and the liberties of the 
borough were taken into the king's hands." The 
past bailiffs from the date of the murder were all 
arrested except Willelmus le Fraunceys, who was in 
Norfolk. He appears to have been a foreign merchant. 



298 NOR THUMB ERL AND. 

was bailiff in the year 1277, and at the date of this 
record was called clericus. " The mayors and bailiffs 
had also to answer for that Robert de Sautemareis re- 
mained and was conversing in the borough from the 
day of the felony till the coming of the justices, and 
was not attached. And Robert de Virili and Simon 
de Ripun were taken and imprisoned, and afterwards 
found guilty by the coroner's inquest. Nevertheless, 
the mayor of Newcastle permitted Simon to be at 
large on bail without a precept from the king ; and 
Simon withdrew himself, and was outlawed on suspi- 
cion. Robert de Virili remained in prison till Hugh 
de Berewik, clerk, Robert de Seghal, clerk, Thomas 
de Wodeslak, deacon, and Bartholomew Russel, chap- 
lain, by procurement of Robert de Sautemareis, went 
one night and broke into the prison, and took him 
away to the chapel of Jesmond, from whence he 
escaped to the liberty of Tynemouth. The prison 
breakers w^re caught and handed to the sheriff; but, 
being clerics, they were demanded by and delivered 
to the Bishop of Durham. Upon Robert de Saute- 
mareis being brought before the justices, he pleaded 
he was a clerk, and therefore that he need not answer 
there to the charge ; whereupon he was delivered to 
the agents of the Bishop of Durham, but the jurors 
first inquired as to how he was delivered to the eccle- 
siastical authorities. And the jurors said upon their 
oath that he was guilty of the death of the same 
James Flemeng. And, in accordance with the statute 



NORTHUMBERLAND. 299 

of bigamy, the jurors inquired if he was bigamist ; 
for by the statute, if he had been twice married, he 
would have been debarred the privilege of clergy, in 
accordance with the Pope's ordinance at the Council 
of Lyons. They found, however, that he had married 
a widow who died eight years previously, which was 
before the date of the Council. He was therefore de- 
livered to the bishop with the prohibition that he 
should not take purgation until he received a special 
license from the king. And his goods were forfeited 
because he withdrew himself." 



GENERAL. 

A.D. 1259. — Willelmus le Venur, Thomas de Thor- 
inton, Willelmus filius Alio', Thomas Githericheforth, 
Thomas filius Liolf, Robertus filius Willelmi, Wal- 
terus Gemel, Robertus le Fraunceys, Adam Isperote, 
Thomas Forest, and Walterus de Hextildesham fined 
20s. for having an assize. 

NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE. 

A.D. 1235. — At the pleas of this year Matheus le 
Franceys de Novo Castro was amerced half a mark 
for selling wine, and in the following year he paid 
half a mark for the same. 

A.D. 1279. — Thomas Wytewell, who appeared in a 
plea against Henricus le Scot and others, burgesses 



300 NORTHUMBERLAND. 

of Newcastle upon Tyne, was in misericordia for false 
claim, but was pardoned at the instance of Willchntis 
le Fraunceys, probably the same person previously 
mentioned as bailiff. 

At the pleas at Newcastle upon Tyne, in the oc- 
taves of Saint Hilary, 1279, Johanna, wife of Rogerus 
de Hynghowe, makes Hugo de Hawyk or Ricardus 
Fraiinccys her attorney in a placitum terrae. 

A.D. 1308. — Commission of oyer and terminer to 
John de Insula, Guischard de Charrun, and John de 
Vallibus, on complaint by Richard de Emeldon, 
mayor of Newcastle-on-Tyne, that under his mayor- 
alty John Poveray and Dionisia, his wife, William 
Poverey, Robert de Angirton, Thomas Fraiinceys, and 
Adam Gripe, with others, broke his close and ab- 
ducted Sibyl, daughter and heiress of John Shething', 
a minor in his custody. 



CASTLE WARD. 

TYNEMOUTH. 

In the month of May, 1247, an agreement was 
made before Michael, Archdeacon of Stowa, judge 
and delegate of the lord the pope, and Nicholaus, 
chancellor of Lincoln, sub-delegate of the lord the 
Archdeacon of Northampton, co-judge of the said 
Archdeacon of Stowa, between Nicholaus, Bishop of 
Durham, and Johannes, abbot of St. Alban's, respect- 
ins; the riorht of visitation in the case of the church 



NORTHUAIBERLAND. 301 

of Tynemouth, in the presence of the abbots of Novo 
Monasterio and Nottingham, of the Archbishop of 
Salopesburi, the magisters Hugo de Stanbrige, Willel- 
mus de Burgo, and Odo de Kilkenni, and dominus 
Johannes Francigena, and many others, 

WEETSLADE. 

At the Placita de Juratis et Assisis for the county 
of Northumberland at Newcastle upon Tyne, before 
R. de Thurkelby and his associates, justices itinerant, 
on the morrow of the close of Easter, 1256, is found 
that Willelmus Miles, of Suthwydelade, was found 
dead in the moor of Magna Beneton ; and Margeria, 
his wife, who first found him, is dead. And it is tes- 
tified by the jurors that Willelmus le Franceys, of 
Wydeslade, and Walterus Molendinarius, of the same 
place, are suspected, and therefore demanded and out- 
lawed; and the sheriff has to answer for their chattels. 
The villatae of Northwydeslade (High Weetslade), 
Suthwydeslade (Low Weetslade), and Cullingwurth, 
(Killingworth) did not come to the inquisition, and 
are therefore in misericordia. 



COQUETDALE WARD. 

JERDHILL. 

The Vescy family was particularly identified with 
the foundation of the monastery of Alnwick. These 



302 NORTHUMBERLAND. 

barons of Vescy held there the castle, and had a 
manor of Jerdhill among the possessions of their 
barony, which place appears to have passed by dona- 
tion, in whole or in part, to the abbots of Alnwick. 

At the Placita de Juratis et Assisis held before the 
justices itinerant at Newcastle upon Tyne, in the 
octaves of Hilary, in the year 1279, a statement was 
made by Alanus, son of Hugo Ic Fraitnceys, that he 
was the tenant of the abbot of St, Mary of Alnwick, 
holding one messuage and twelve acres of land in 
Jerdhill, year by year. 



GLENDALE WARD. 

WOOLER, 

On the 2d of April, 1255, at the division made of 
the possessions in this county, by the king's escheator, 
of the lands of Isabella de Forde, which she had in- 
herited from her grandfather, Robert de Muscamp, 
through his eldest daughter, Cecilia, it is found that 
her heirs were her aunt Isabella, the wife of William 
de Huntercumbe, and her two cousins, Muriel and 
Margery, daughters of her aunt Margery, who had 
married Malise, Earl of Stratherne. These posses- 
sions were divided in two portions, the records of 
the first showing that Robert Ic Franccys held of the 
said Isabella de Forde possessions in the burgh of 
Wllouler. 



NORTHUMBERLAND. 303 

MORPETH WARD. 

MITFORD. 

A.D. 1389. — The dispute between the men of Mor- 
peth and Mitford regarding a moor was arraigned to 
be settled by the arbitration of the Earl of Northum- 
berland and Sir John Scrope for the one party, and 
the Baron of Greystock and Sir Matthew Reman for 
the other party ; and the perambulation was made on 
Tuesday next after the feast of Saint Barnabas the 
Apostle, in 1 389, by Thomas Franch^ of Mitforde, and 
others. 

TINDALE WARD. 

BLACK HEDDON. 

At the pleas held at Newcastle upon Tyne, on the 
morrow of the close of Easter, 1256, Johannes de 
Hedon' gives half a mark for license to agree with 
Willelmus le Franceys and Matilda, his wife, in a plea 
of land. 

A.D. 1256. — A fine was made at Newcastle in three 
weeks after Easter, 40 Henry III., between Willel- 
mtis le Franceys and Matilda, his wife, plaintiffs, and 
Johannes de Heddon, tenant, for one toft and twenty 
acres of land in Blakeheddon. The aforesaid Willel- 
mus and Matilda acknowledged the said toft and 



304 NORTHUMBERLAND. 

land to be the right of the said Johannes, as he holds 
it by their gift and of the heirs of Matilda forever. 
For this grant Johannes gave Willelmus and Matilda 
2fOs. sterling. 

At this same date Johannes de Heddon acknowl- 
edges that he owes Willelmus Ic Franccys and Ma- 
tilda, his wife, 30^'. for a fine made between them, the 
half of which he shall pay at Pentecoste, anno 40, and 
the other half at the feast of Saint Peter ad Vincula 
next following. 

At the Placita de Juratis et Assisis held at New- 
castle upon Tyne, in the octaves of Saint Hilary, 
1279, it is found that among the pledges of the prior 
of the Hospital of Jerusalem, in England, was Willel- 
mus Fraiiuccys, of Heddon. 

A.D. 1279-80. — Appointment of two justices to 
take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by Will- 
iam Fraunceis against John de Heddon and William 
Tod, touching tenement in Black Heddon. 



CORBRIDGE. 

A.D. 1256. — On the river Tyne you find the castle 
of Bywell, which was the capital of the barony of that 
name. It came by inheritance to John de Bailliol, 
who married Dervoirgill. Near by, on the same 
river, lies Corbridge, where among the tenants of 
this John de Bailliol was Alamis le Franceis^ who, 



NORTHUMBERLAND. 305 

with some others of same place, had a dispute with 
their overlord about the right of pasture in Chivedon. 
At the assize held at Newcastle upon Tyne, in the 
year 1256, Alamis and the others recovered seisin of 
the aforesaid pasture. 

At the plea held at Newcastle upon Tyne on the 
25th of June, 1269, an assize came to make recogni- 
tion if Isabella, widow of Rogerus filius Johannis, 
Alanus Fraunceys, Robertus Forestarius, and others, 
had unjustly disseised Simon filius Waldevi of his 
free tenement in Corbridge. The recognitors said 
upon their oath that the aforesaid Simon held the 
said tenement in villeinage of the said Isabella, and 
never had seisin of the same as a free tenement, 
wherefore he could not be disseised ; and they said 
that the aforesaid Isabella and all the others had not 
disseised the said Simon of the aforesaid tenement, so 
Isabella and all the others were dismissed sine die, 
and Simon was in misericordia for a false claim. 



WALLINGTON. 

In the year 1256 there is a record of Adam le 
Franceys, of Walington. 



NOTTINGHAMSHIRE 



NOTTINGHAM CITY. 

Robert de Salcey's charter to St. John's Hospital, 
A.D. 1222-35 : — 

" To all the sons of Holy Mother Church to whom 
the present writing shall come, Robert de Salcey, 
greeting. Know ye, all of you, that I, out of respect 
for divine charity and for the health of the soul of 
my father, and for the souls of my ancestors and suc- 
cessors, have given and granted, and by this my 
present charter have confirmed, to God and the Hos- 
pital House of St. John of Nottingham, and the 
brethren there serving God, in pure and perpetual 
alms, two bovates of land, with all their appurte- 
nances, in the demesne of Estanton (Stanton-on-the- 
Wolds) ; to wit, those which William, the son of 
Godric, held, which were of my demesne, lying toward 
the sun. Moreover, I have given and granted, and 
by this my present charter have confirmed, to God 
and the aforesaid house, and the brethren there serv- 
ing God, all my ' cultura ' which is called ' Rihe- 
lands,' which lies next to the road which leads towards 



NOTTINGHAMSHIRE. 307 

Nottingham, instead of a toft, with pasture for two 
hundred sheep, eight oxen, six barren cows, two 
horses and ten hogs, freely and quietly, wholly and 
fully, with all the liberties and with all the free com- 
mons and with all free easements, in meadows and 
pastures, in roads and lanes, and in all places within 
and without the vill. I, the said Robert, and my 
heirs will warrant and defend the aforesaid lands, 
with their appurtenances, to the aforesaid house and 
the brethren there serving God, against all men for- 
ever. In order that this my gift and grant may 
obtain in future times the authority of stability, I 
have confirmed it by the evidence of the present 
writing and by the protection of my seal. These 
being witnesses : Alexander de Villers, Gervase de 
Hunetorpe, Hugh de Carlton, Gerard le Franceys, 
Robert the son of Augustin, William le Coroner, 
of Nottingham, Anketin the son of Alice, of the 
same, Augustin the son of William, William the son 
of Brian, Walter de Widmarepes, Geoffrey the clerk 
of Nottingham, and many others." 

In the Pipe Rolls of the fortieth year of the reign 
of Henry III. (1255-56), under the heading of New 
Oblations, is the following: " Henry le Ferun, Henry 
le Cupere, Rich. Barth, Roger Norman, Simon de 
Hoveringham, and Robert le Franceis, the rents of 
the mill of Nottingham." 



3oS NOTTINGHAMSHIRE. 

BASSETLAW HUNDRED. 

BLYTH. 

3 Edward I. (1274-75). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Tho77ias Fratiuceys, of Blyth, against Luke le Taney 
and others, touching a tenement in Blyth. 

7 Edward I. (1278-79). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Robert Franceis against William le White, touching 
a messuage in Blyth. 

ELKSLEY. 

No date. — Probably towards the end of the thir- 
teenth century. Thomas Fj^aiiuceis, of Elkesley, sold 
to the neighboring priory of W^irksop all his right in 
the wood and pasture of Coder, with the appurte- 
nances. Witnesses, Sir Robert de Furneus, Sir Will- 
iam de Bevercotes. 

KIRKTON. 

John le Vavasor was rector of the church of Kyrke- 
ton, and aquired many parcels of land of Robert, son 
of Robert Fraiuiceys, of Kyrketon, which Sir Robert 
de Streley and Elizabeth, his wife, and Robert de 
Streley, knight, their son, confirmed to Robert and 
John, sons of the said Sir John Vavasor, which the 
said John, his son, passed to Robert, son of Lance- 
lene, in 6 Edward II. (131 2-1 3). 



NOTTINGHAMSHIRE. 309 

WEST MARKHAM. 

7 Edward I. (1278-79). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Henry^ son of Richard le Frauiiceis, against William 
Odardi, touching a tenement in West Markham. 



BROXTOW HUNDRED. 

LENTON. 

In the year 1286 Ranulf Paskayl, of Eastwait, for 
himself, his heirs, freeholders, and villeins, released to 
the priory of Lenton all the claim of right of common 
in the wood called Fulwood. Witnesses, Robert de 
Kymmerley, William de Belew, Robert de Waten- 
howe, John Passeys, Robert Franceis, and others. 

WANDESLEY. 

A.D. 1227-65. — Hugh Fitz-Ralph, for the love of 
God, and for the health of his soul, and for the souls 
of Agnes and Idonea, his wives, of Ralph and Hugh, 
his sons, and for the souls of all his ancestors and suc- 
cessors, gave to God and the Church of the Blessed 
Mary in Stanley Park, and the canons of the order of 
the Premonstratenses there serving God, seven bo- 
vates of land in the territories of Paynesthorp and 



3IO A^OTTINGHAMSHIRE. 

Seleston, — to wit, those which John de Molinton and 
Jiige, his mother, held, and four bovates of land in 
the same territories, which Eda, the wife of Henry the 
Clark, held, and ten acres of land (measured by 
the perch of four and twenty feet) in the territory of 
Wandesleg, which HugJi le Fran nays held, — with 
tofts, crofts, homages, services, wards, reliefs, and 
escheats ; and he likewise confirmed to that mon- 
astery, for the same reasons, fourteen bovates of 
land in Little Halum, in Derbyshire, which the said 
canons gave him in exchange for ten bovates in 
Seleston. 



NEWARK HUNDRED. 

SIBTHORPE. 

"Simon de Sibethorpe, 15 Edward 111.(1341-42), 
claimed the advowson here against Thomas de Sibe- 
thorpe, whereof his, the said Simon's, ancestor Robert 
was seized in the time of King Richard I., and pre- 
sented one Richard de Sibethorpe, his clerk, who was 
admitted and instituted in the said Richard I.'s rei^n ; 
from which Robert the right descended to Ralph, his 
brother and heir, who had William de Sibthorpe, his 
son and heir (who held half a knight's fee here in the 
time of King Henry III., and afterwards a fourth part), 
which William had issue William, the father of Simon 
de Sibethorp, the plaintiff. But Thomas pleaded that 



NOTTINGHAMSHIRE. 311 

the forenamed Robert gave the said advowson to the 
Knights Templars, who presented John del Temple, 
Anthony Fraiinccys, and William de la Bruere, their 
clerks, successively in the time of Henry III., 
and Gilbert de la Bruere, and upon his resignation 
Stephen de Kynardesey, in the reign of Edward I." 



SOUTHWELL & SCROOBY LIBERTY. 

BECKINGHAM. 

5 Edward I. (1276-77). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of mort d'ancestor arraigned 
by Margaret la Fra^iiiceyse against Roger, son of 
William de Bekingham, and others, touching posses- 
sions in Beckingham. 

6 Edward I. (1277-78). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to hear and determine the appeal of John, son 
of Alan de Bekingham, in the County Court of 
Nottingham, against Robert, son of John de Beking- 
ham, Robert, son of John, son of Richard de Beking- 
ham, William Hauenok', of Hayton, Radulph de 
Mitton, Eustace le Mercer, Robert de Horbir', Roger 
le Keu, Nicholas de Swaleweclyue, John Butemund, 
John, son of Reginald de Sk. . .wik', Robert Wis- 
nard, Walter de Axholm, Herbert de Beltoft, Alan le 
Fraunceis, Roger de Beltoft, Robert, son of Alan de 
Bekingham, Thomas de Lanum, and Robert le Frauji- 



3 1 2 NO TTINGHAMSHIRE. 

ceis, of Bekingham, of the death of Alan, son of Alan 
de Bekingham, his brother. Dated Macclesfield, on 
the 30th of September. 

7 Edward I. (1278-79). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned 
by Hugh, son of Robert Milent, and Richard, his 
brother, against Robert, son of Robert de Bekingham, 
and Robert le Fraiazays, touching a tenement in 
Beckingham in le Clay. 

7 Edward I. (1278-79). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of mort d'ancestor arraigned 
by Maj^garet^ daughter of Simon Fraunccis, against 
Richard Barbot and others, touching land in Becking- 
ham. 

A.D. 1 316, August 6. — Joan, late wife of Almi 
Fraiuiceys, of Bekyngham, acknowledges that she 
owes to John de Cokermuth, clerk, 200/., to be levied, 
in default of payment, of her lands and chattels in 
the county of Nottingham. Dated at Lincoln. The 
chancellor received the recognizance. Cancelled on 
payment. 



THURGARTON HUNDRED. 

SNEINTON. 

Robert Thoroton, in his history of this county, gives 

the followino- record, with his remarks on the same: — 

" Henry de Perpunt and Annora, his wife, in the 



NOTTINGHAMSHIRE. 313 

former part of the reign of Edward I. were attached 
to answer to Henry, son of Robert, WilHam de Black- 
well, Richard del Hull, William Arnold, Robert 
Fraunceys., and very many others, the men or tenants 
of the said Henry and Annora, his wife, of the manor 
of Sneynton, which is ancient demesne of the king's 
crown, why they, contrary to the king's precept, ex- 
acted other services and customs of the said men than 
they were wont to perform when the said manor was 
in the hands of King John ; namely, whereas they 
were wont to hold a bovate of land for 4^. per 
annum, and suit of court from three weeks to three 
weeks, for all services, the said Henry and Annora 
exact for the said bovate of land 13^-. per annum. 
And, whereas they were wont to plead by a writ of 
right close, and to have their essoiners according to 
the custom of the manor, the said Henry and Annora 
would not suffer them to plead nor have essoins ; and 
whereas they were wont to be amerced by their 
equals, and that according to the quantity of the 
faults, they amerced them out of the court according 
to their own will ; and, whereas they were wont to 
have park (or pound) in the same town, they did not 
suffer them to have one. And also the said Henry 
and Annora taxed the said men or tenants 100 
marks where they were not wont to be taxed, 
and for the said 100 marks took their cattle in 
Sneynton, and drove them out of the liberty of 
Sneynton to Holme. The said Henry and Annora, 



3 1 4 NO TTINGHAMSBIRE. 

by their attorney, pleaded that the said men were not 
upon the king's ancient demesne, but were their vil- 
leins. The court gave day that the Book of Domes- 
day might be searched, wherein Notinton was found 
to be the king's land; but in Easter term, 15 Edward 
I. (12S7), they had a jury to find that Sneynton was 
never called Notinton, but always Sneynton, and that 
Notinton was a part of Notingham, on that side 
towards Arnehall, — which surely is the most evidently 
false of anything that ever pretended to be called a 
verdict, as may be sufficiently discovered by what is 
here set down. But it served to get the tenants 
amerced, and finally to submit to what had been some 
while before, it seems, attempting against them ; for I 
find in 4 Edward I. (1275-76) John de Sutton, bailiff 
of Henry de Albiniaco, contemned (or refused) to 
admit of the king's writs which the king's sokemen 
of Sneynton brought to him that year." 



SUTTON UPON TRENT. 

5 Edward I. (1276-77). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Stephen, son of William Fraunceys, of Sutton-near- 
Trent, against Roger Wisman and Nicholas le Tail- 
liur, touching a tenement in Sutton-near-Trent. 



OXFORDSHIRE. 



GENERAL. 

A.D. 1189-90. — Henricus Caperun fined lis. for 
having a covenant between him and Robertus le Fraii- 
ceis. 



OXFORD CITY. 

PARISH OF ST. MILDRED. 

Circa a.d. 1210-20. — Be it known to those present 
and those to come that we, Willelmus de Pykerynge 
and Juliana, my wife, and Emma and AHcia, daugh- 
ters of Johannes de Furno, for us and our heirs have 
remised and quitclaimed to God and the canons of 
St. Frideswide, at Oxford, all the right we have in the 
land which belonged to Kenelmus Sacerdos, in the 
parish of St. Mildred, which lies between the land of 
Osbertus le Franceys and that of Henricus Molendina- 
rius, which land Johannes de Furno, our father, for- 
merly held in Oxford. And that . . . (warranty). 
And for this grant the said canons have given us 
20i-. sterling. In testimony whereof, etc. (sealing 
clause). 



3i6 OXFORDSHIRE. 

Circa a.d. 1210-2S. — To all faithful in Christ, etc., 
Symon dictus Prior, and the convent of St, Frides- 
wide, greeting in the Lord. Be it known to all of 
you that we, with unanimous consent, have granted, 
etc., to Symon filius Reginaldi that land which be- 
longed to Kenelmus Sacerdos (the priest), in the 
parish of St. Mildred, which lies between the land 
of Osbcrtiis le Franccis and that of Henricus Molen- 
dinarius. To have, etc., rendering yearly to us \os. 
at four terms ; namely \_2s. 6d. quarterly, commencing 
at Michaelmas]. The conditions, however, being 
made that neither the said S. nor his heirs can grant, 
sell, or mortgage in the Jewry the said land without 
our license and consent. But for this, etc., the afore- 
said S. has given us — marks of silver ; and he has 
made oath to observe fidelity to our church, (sealing 
clause). 

PARISH OF ST. PETER-LE-BAILEY. 

There is no date to the following charter, but it 
was probably made toward the end of the twelfth cen- 
tury : — 

Be it known to those present and those to come 
that I, Simon Franciis, knight of Har', have given 
and granted in perpetual alms to the Church of Saint 
Frideswide, at Oxford, \2d. yearly rent, for myself, 
and the soul of Eniiiia, my wife, and for the souls of 
my family ; namely, of that land which Ailwinus held. 
And this rent in the aforesaid land I have assigned to 



OXFORDSHIRE. 317 

the said church with the consent of Johannes Fran- 
cus, my brother and lord, and also with the consent of 
Hicmfridtis, my heir, and others of my heirs. 

Circa a.d. i 190-1200. — Be it known to all, as well 
those present as those to come, that I, Robertus, son 
of Galfridus de Wytefeld, have confirmed the dona- 
tion which Robertus and Leonardus, my uncles, with 
the consent of my father, made to Thomas filius Eil- 
rici and Radulfus "placetor"; namely, that land ex- 
tending from the house of Swellynge to the street 
which is in front of the house of Rogerus filius Sawy 
filius Langlif, so much as Robertus filius Petri once 
had there, and that land on which Ricardus Frances 
lived to the v/est of the monastery of St. Peter. 
These lands aforesaid I grant and by my seal con- 
firm to Thomas filius Eilrici and Radulfus "pisca- 
tor," and their heirs, to be held of me and my heirs 
in fee and inheritance, etc., they rendering yearly to 
me for the same one pound of pepper for all service. 



BAMPTON HUNDRED. 



BURFORD. 



I Edward I. (1272-73). — License to Lambert le 
Fraunceis, merchant of Burford, to take twenty sacks 
of wool which he has in the kingdom, which he 
bought for his own use of others than Flemings or 



3i8 OXFORDSHIRE. 

Hainaulters, and which he can reasonably show to be 
his own, to any part beyond seas, except such as are 
within the power of the Countess of Flanders, the said 
merchant having made oath before the king's locum 
tenentes in England that he will not take out of the 
kingdom wools or other goods into Flanders, or else- 
where within the power of the Countess of Flanders, 
during the contention between the king and the said 
countess, which recently arose between Henry III. 
and herself, and that he will not sell such wool or 
other goods to Flemings or others of the power of 
the said countess, nor make exchange with them 
thereof, nor deal by art or craft so that the said 
wools or other goods may come into the hands of 
the subjects of the said countess, nor receive any 
money from the Flemings for trading with wools or 
other merchandise to the behoof of the said Flem- 
ings, nor avouch their goods nor those of any other 
subjects of the said countess, on pain of forfeiture 
to the king of any of their wools or other goods 
found in the kingdom ; with a safe conduct to the 
said merchant in taking the aforesaid twenty sacks 
out of the kingdom. 

KENCOTT. 

A.D. 1 34 1. — NicJiolaits Ic J^retisc/i was a juror of the 
parish of Kenycote at the valuation of the ninth of 
fleece, sheaves, and lambs. 



OXFORDSHIRE. 3 1 9 

STANDLAKE. 

At an inquisition made in this county in the 
seventh year of the reign of King Edward 1.(1278- 
79) it is found that Lord Johannes Maudut holds in 
Stanlak one carucate of land in demesne of the Coun- 
tess of Wyth, who holds in capite of the king. 

And Lord Johannes Maudut holds it for three- 
eighths of a fee, having free market on Friday, a fair 
for two days at the feast of Saint Egidius, besides a 
pillory, tumbrel, a park and free fishery ; and its val- 
uation is ']s. Zd. He has also assize of bread and ale. 

Lord Osbertus Giffard holds in the same place one 
carucate of land in demesne, as Johannes Maudut, for 
three-eighths of a fee, having the same liberties as Jo- 
hannes, its valuation being ']s. 8d. ; and he shall pay 
scutage for three-eighths of a fee to the said Johannes. 

Among the cotarii in this place of this Osbertus 
Giffard is Matilda Frauiiceys, who holds one cottage 
and five acres of land for a yearly rent of i^d,, and in- 
stead of work %\d. 

The whole vill of Stanlak is held by the Countess 
of Wyth for one knight's fee and a half, and the said 
Johannes Maudut receives all the scutage and is re- 
sponsible to the countess. 

WITNEY. 

On the 31st of January, 1369, Johannes de Crek- 
kelade was admitted to the church of Wyhendon, in 



32 o OXFORDSHIRE. 

the diocese Worcester, which he received in ex- 
change with Johannes Frcnchc, who then became the 
rector of the church of Witteney. 

y{2JgVi\.^x Johannes Frcnshc, rector of the church of 
Wytteneye, and Johannes de Kelleseye, rector of the 
church of Uppingham, exchanged churches on the 
5th of March, 1370. 



BANBURY HUNDRED. 

GREAT BOURTON. 

7 Edward I. (1278-79). — Johannes Kachelowe 
holds half a knight's fee in Burtona Major of the 
heirs of Robertus de Veteri Ponte ; and these heirs 
hold of the Bishop of Lincoln, who holds of the king. 

The assigns of Willelmus de la Sale hold in the 
same vill half a knight's fee of the heirs of Robertus 
de Veteri Ponte, who hold of the Bishop of Lincoln, 
who holds of the king ; and these assigns give 2Qs. in 
scutage. 

Willelmus ad Fontem holds one and a half acre of 
land of this fee, paying to Johannes Kachelowe one 
half-penny per annum, with scutage. 

Robcrtns Ic Franccis holds three acres of land of 
the same fee for one rose per annum, and he gives 
2d. in scutage. 



OXFORDSHIRE. 3 2 1 

BULLINGTON HUNDRED. 

IFLEY. 

In the seventh year of the reign of King Edward 
I. (1278-79) the abbot of Oseneye held in the manor 
of If tele 2s. of yearly rent in pure alms of the tene- 
ment which had belonged to Willclmus Fraiiccys, do- 
nated by Reginaldus Child and confirmed by Agnes 
Basset. 

CHADLINGTON HUNDRED. 

HOOK NORTON. 

In the year 11 29 Robert D'Olleyo, second, 
founded the Church of St. Mary in the Island of 
Oseney with the consent of Theobaldus, Archbishop 
of Canterbury, and Alexander, Bishop of Lincoln, at 
the petition of Editha, daughter of Forn. 

Charter to Osney of Robert d'Ouilly II., its 
founder : — 

Be it known to all faithful of the holy church, as 
well those present as those to come, that I, Robertus 
de OUeyo, with the will and consent of Edida, my 
wife, and Henricus and Robertus, my sons, give and 
grant in perpetual alms to the church of God and 
Saint Mary, his mother, and the canons serving there, 
which church I, by the consent and confirmation of 



32 2 OXFORDSHIRE. 

Alexander, by the grace of God Bishop of Lincoln, 
have founded in the island called Oseneia, for the 
safety of the king and the welfare of all the realm, as 
well as for that of myself, my wife, my sons, my par- 
ents and friends, all that belongs to me in the afore- 
said island, with all the dwelling-houses which I had 
on the land belonging to my mills, near the castle of 
Oxford, and the tithes of these mills ; and the follow- 
ing churches of my land, — namely, those of Cudlin- 
tona, of Westona, of Hokenorton, of Cleydona, of 
Sheneston, and of Cesterton ; within the burgh of 
Oxford the lands held by Engericus, Reymundus, 
Aylnoth, Godwinus filius Edwacher, Ermenoldus, 
Godwinus Nicuma, Sweting Cadica, Ravening, Se- 
grim juxta murum, Henricus Coruiser, Leofwinus 
claudus, Godwinus monetarius, Brythricus moneta- 
rius, Godericus, Gulielmus, Radulphus pistor, Leof- 
winus Budda, and Gaufridus molendinarius ; and 2s. 
rent which Fromundus capellanus held, with the tithe 
of Nicholaus de Stodeham, which the said Fromun- 
dus held; my manor within Hokenorton, half a hide 
which belonged to Hugo Franccys, or Francigena, and 
one virgate which Mauricius canonicus held, and after 
him his son Simon ; and near the castle of Oxford, 
under the wall, one house which belonged to Wari- 
nus capellanus ; my whole vill of Ethona with appur- 
tenances, except the mill which I have given to an- 
other church ; and Sparew^esya, as well as that part 
which my mother holds, whenever she shall abandon 



OXFORDSHIRE. 



Z^Z 



it, so it may come to the church and to the use of the 
brethren. Wherefore, I will and wish that the afore- 
said church shall hold the aforesaid things well and 
in peace, wholly and honorably, with all customs and 
liberties ; namely, in wood and plain, in meadow and 
pasture, in waters, ponds, and lanes, and all other 
places, as held by others or by myself when in my 
lordship. Testibus, Waltero archidiacono, Rahero 
priore, Main' et Waltero monachis de Abbendon, 
Willelmo capellano, Gaufrido Arturo, Rogero de 
Amar, Edwardo presbitero de Tiwa, Simeone clerico, 
Fulco de Olleyo, Hugone de Tiwa, Roberto filio 
Widonis, Philippo de Hamtona, Radulpho filio Rog- 
eri et aliis. 

IDBURY. 

In 15 Edward III. (1341) Thomas Fre7isch was 
among the jurors of this parish at the valuation of the 
ninth of fleece, sheaves, and lambs. 

' NORTON. 

A.D. 1 24 1. — At the pleas at Oxford, in fifteen days 
of Easter, in the twenty-fifth year of the reign of King 
Henry, son of King John, an assize came to make 
recognition if Egidius de Berkele unjustly, etc., dis- 
seised Galfridus Le Franceis of his free tenement 
in Parva Norton. The jury said that the aforesaid 
Egidius had not disseised him. Therefore, it is con- 



32 4 OXFORDSHIRE. 

sidered that Galfi^idiis shall gain nothing by this 
assize ; and he is in misericordia for false claim. 



DORCHESTER HUNDRED. 

EPWELL. 

A.D. 1279-80. — Robertus Danvers holds of the 
Bishop of Lincoln, in the hamlet of Eppewelle and 
elsewhere, one knight s fee, giving scutage to the said 
bishop for all service. 

Robertus de Loveday holds in this hamlet of Ep- 
pewelle one messuage and ten virgates of land, with 
appurtenances; and he holds . . . Wykham, and shall 
make suit to the court of the aforesaid Robertus Dan- 
vers. 

Of these ten virgates of land Robertus Franccys 
holds one messuage with three virgates of land in the 
same hamlet, giving to Robertus de Loveday ... Si-. ; 
and Roberhts Franccys shall make suit to the court 
of the aforesaid Robertus Danvers, and Q-ive scutaQ-e, 
for all service. 



EWELME HUNDRED. 

EWELME. 

A.D. 127S-79. — Lord Adam Dispensarius holds in 
fee of his lord the king, by serjeanty, in demesne five 



OXFORDSHIRE. 



325 



virgates and four acres of land, eight acres of meadow 
and twenty acres of wood, with the advowson of the 
church of Ewelme ; and he holds in villeinage five 
and a half virgates. 

Among the free tenants of Lord Adam Dispensa- 
rius is Waltcrus Francisctis, who holds half a virgate 
of land by charter, giving yearly for the same one 
pound of pepper and making suit to the court. 

Lord Adam Dispensarius holds also in the vill of 
Ewelme of Magister Radulphus de Nebaton the tenth 
part of a knight's fee, of the fee of Fancelin ; and in 
this fee he has several tenants, among whom is Wal- 
terus Frajiciscus, who holds half a virgate of land, 
giving for the same ^s. annually. 



LANGTREE HUNDRED. 

LITTLE STOKE. 

A.D. 1278-79. — Johannes Marmion is lord of Chak- 
enden and Stoke Marmion, and he holds the said vill 
and hamlet of Philippus Marmion for service of one 
knight ; and the said Philippus holds of the king. 

Among the free tenants in Stoke Parva is Johannes 
Marmyon, who holds two acres of land for a rent of 
53-. for all service. 

Robertas le Franceys holds free one cotland of 
Johannes Marmion for half a mark for all service. 



326 OXFORDSHIRE. 

PLOUGHLEY HUNDRED. 

BICESTER. 

Circa a.d. 121 7. — Robert Fitz-Michael, in consid- 
eration of I mark in silver and the yearly rent of \lb. 
of cumin at Easter, granted to the Church of St. 
Edbury in Burcester, and the monks of that convent, 
two acres of land in Burecroft beyond the priory 
court, lying between the land of Nicholas, son of 
Harold, and the land of John Godard. 

Know present and future that I, Robertus filius 
Michaelis, for the welfare of my soul and for the souls 
of my ancestors and successors, have given and 
granted, and by my present charter have confirmed, to 
God and the Church of St, Edbury in Burnecestria, 
and the canons serving God there, in free and per- 
petual alms, two acres of land in Buricroft beyond the 
court of the said canons ; namely, those two acres 
lying between the land of Nicholaus filius Haraldi 
and the land of Johannes Godard, with all its appurte- 
nances. To hold in perpetuity of me and my heirs, 
honorably and in peace, giving therefore yearly to me 
and my heirs lib. of cumin at Easter for all service or 
exaction belonging to me and my heirs. And I, the 
said Robertus, and my heirs will warrant the said two 
acres of land with its appurtenances to the said 
canons against all men and women in perpetuity. 
But for this donation, grant, and confirmation the 



OXFORDSHIRE. 327 

aforesaid canons have given me i mark in silver. 
And, that this my donation, grant, and confirmation 
may remain firm and stable in the future, I have ap- 
pended my seal to this present writing. Hiis testi- 
bus, domino Roberto Daumari, Genteschive Pau- 
pere, Radulfo de Cestreton, Johanne filio Willelmi 
Waltero filio Dru, Walhamot Paupere, Roberto de 
Badinton, Radulfo Frauccis, Petro de Wendlebure, et 
multis aliis. 

In Rennet's " Parochial Antiquities of Ambrosden^ 
Burcester," etc., is the following: "Circa a.d. 1245^ 
William Longespe, by right Earl of Salisbury, though 
he had never possession of that earldom, lord of the 
manors of Burcester and Midlington, gave to the 
priory of Burcester a certain pasture land called Hees- 
croft, lying on the west side of the highway leading 
to Wrechwich, as far as the bridge, with the whole 
meadow adjoining, to enclose and convert at their 
pleasure ; as also his whole right and title in a mill 
which Robert Puff held of him, saving to himself and 
heirs the free grinding of corn for their own family ; 
as also a messuage in Crocwell, for which the said 
canons used to pay yearly 15^.: in consideration of 
all which the canons did remit to him and his heirs 
6o5". yearly rent, which they had in the mill of Wives- 
ley. Hiis testibus, domino Nicholao Malens, domino 
Ricardo Lungespe, Henrico de la Mare, Johanne de 
Muel, militibus ; Stephano Lungespe, Rogero de 
London seneschallo, RadulpJw de F(ra)2inccis, et 
multis aliis." 



328 OXFORDSHIRE. 

In the seventh year of the reign of King Edward I. 
(1278-79) Henricus de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, holds 
three carucates of land in demesne in the vill of Bur- 
cestria; and he has this land by his wife, Margaret 
Longespee, the daughter and heir of Willelmus de 
Longespee, who had it by the gift of the king. And 
it is within the precincts of the honor of Walinge- 
ford ; and he has warren and fair of King Henry, the 
father of King Edward. 

Johannes Franccys holds five acres of land in villein- 
age for 45-. per annum ; and he has to come once a 
year to the view of frankpledge before the steward of 
Wallingeford, and he shall give scutage. 



KIRTLINGTON. 

A.D. 1278-79. — Ela Longespee, Countess of War- 
wick, holds the manor of Curligton in dower, in capita 
of the king, for the fourth part of a knight's fee. 

Among the cotarii of this countess was Willelmus 
Franccys, holding one cottage for 6d. per annum. 



WESTON ON THE GREEN. 

In the seventh year of the reign of King Edward I. 
(1278-79) the abbot of Osney held, in pure and per- 
petual alms, five carucates of land with appurtenances 
in the vill of Weston, the gift of Henricus Doyli, who 



OXFORDSHIRE. 329 

held it of the king in capite for two knights' fees ; and 
the abbot had here one park containing four acres, 
warren, view of frankpledge, and a water mill. 

Martinus le Wyle holds of the said abbot in villein- 
age one virgate of land for 5^. per annum, doing 
bodily work and redeeming his sons according to the 
wishes of the lord. Besides, he shall give toll, service, 
pannage, and is not allowed to sell horse or ox with- 
out license of his lord. 

In the same manner Adam Franceys and Robertus 
Lille hold one virgate. 



PYRTON HUNDRED. 

PYRTON. 

In the seventh year of the reign of King Edward I. 
{ii'jc^-^o) Jokaujies Ic Franceys held in the vill of Pyr- 
ton, of the prior of Norton, one virgate of land and 
one acre of meadow for ^s. per annum. 

WATLINGTON. 

Post 1 1 33, early in the reign of King Stephen, 
Hadmadus de Bidun grants to the Church of St. 
Mary of Oseney, and to the canons serving God there, 
the church of Watlintuna, one virgate of land, etc., in 
frankalmoign, for the health of himself and his rela- 



330 OXFORDSHIRE. 

tions. Witnesses, Daniele abbate, Mam le bret, Dro- 
gone, Roberto, Pet' clerico, Ricardo filio Roberti, 
Wlurico et Ricardo filio ejus, Aschetillo fratre Dro- 
gonis, Helia fores, Olholf, Ricardo filio Wlmari, 
Roberto famulo, Waltcro franceis. 

A.D. 127S-79. — Lord Edmundus, Earl of Cornwall, 
holds the manor of Watlington, with all its appurte- 
nances, in capite of the king for one knight's fee. 

Among the free tenants was Robertus de Syreffeld, 
holding in the said vill of Watlington, of the said earl, 
four virgates of land, giving for the same 20i-. \d. and 
harvest w^ork, having the food of the lord ; and he 
shall make suit to the court, and give scutage. 

Willclmus le Franceys holds in the same vill of the 
said Robertus de Syreffeld three acres of land of the 
said four virgates, by mesne of Ricardus de la Felde, 
for 10^/. per annum. 



THAME HUNDRED. 

MORETON. 

A.D. 1278-79. — The lord abbot of Thame holds 
in the hamlet of Morton one virgate of land in pure 
and perpetual alms, a gift of Robertus le Franceis. 



OXFORDSHIRE. 331 

WOOTTON HUNDRED. 

COGGS. 

A.D, 1278-79. — Isabella de Gray holds in dower of 
Robertus de Gray, her son, two carucates of land in 
demesne, with adjoining meadow and pasture, in the 
vill of Coges. Robertus de Gray holds it in capite of 
the king by barony, and it is of the barony of Harsik 
(Arsic), and gives scutage, and makes custody at the 
castle of Dover (Dov'e) for 20s. per annum. 

Among the free tenants of Isabella de Gray is 
Gervaseus le Franccys, who holds one acre of land, 
giving her yearly \2d. for the same. 



ENSHAM. 

A.D. 1278-79. — Adam le Franceys holds of the 
abbot of Eynesham one virgate of land in Tilgard- 
esle, member of Eynesham, for handicraft and tallage, 
redeeming his sons at the will of the said abbot. 



LITTLE TEW. 

A.D. 1278-79. — Robertus de Brok' holds in Parva 
Tywa four virgates of land in demesne of the Earl of 
Lincoln, and this earl of the king in capite, of the 
honor of Pontifract. 



3 3 2 OXFORDSHIRE. 

Amone the free tenants of the said Robertus, be- 
longing to the said honor of Pontefract, \s Johan?ies 
le Franscys, who holds one virgate of land, giving one 
pound of pepper, one pound of cumin, and suit to his 
court, for all service. 



SANDFORD. 

A.D. 1278-79. — Johannes de Sancto Johanne is the 
lord of the vill of Saunford, and holds it with two 
carucates of land belonging to the manor of Barton 
for the third part of a knight's fee in capite of the 
king. 

Among the villani of Johannes de Sancto Johanne 
is Thomas Franceys, who holds one virgate of land 
for a yearly rent of 6^., besides tilling, mowing, weed- 
ing, and cutting until the feast of Saint Michael, and 
redeeming his sons at the lord's will. 

Robertus Fra^iccys holds one virgate in the same 
manner. 

YARNTON. 

Circa a.d. 1274-75. — Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, 
holds the manor of Erdington of the king in capite 
of the honor of St. Wallery. And the same earl 
holds in demesne three carucates of land, with 
meadow and pasture adjoining; and he has view 
of frankpledge, with the pleas and profits of the same, 



OXFORDSHIRE. 2>Zl 

and the right of warren of the whole manor, by what 
warrant the jurors know not. And the manor should 
be represented twice a year at the hundred of Wot- 
ton ; but it has been withdrawn by Richard, Earl of 
Cornwall, on what warrant they know not. 

WillelmMs le Fraunceys holds in villeinage of the 
said earl one virgate of land for 4^-., and should work 
and redeem his children. 

A.D. 1282. — Commission of oyer and terminer to 
Robert Malet and Walter de Agmod[esham], on 
complaint by John Giffard, the younger, that John 
de Escheker, Simon Betom of Erdington, William 
Frminceis, Ralph le Carpenter, Thomas Reine, Simon 
Brid, Robert North, and Nicholas de Horssepathe 
carried away his goods at Erdington, County Oxford, 
whilst he was under the king's protection and on his 
service in Wales, and assaulted his men. Dated at 
Ruthin, on the 8th of September. 




SHROPSHIRE. 



BRADFORD, SOUTH, HUNDRED. 

BERWICK MAVISTON. 

Ante 1230. — Geoffrey, son of Daumar de Sugge- 
don, grants and confirms to Willia77i, son of William 
le Fraiiceys, of Berewike, and Sibil, his wife, for his 
homage and service, and for a sum of 5 marks and 3^., 
paid to the grantor in his urgent necessity, half a vir- 
gate in Suggedon ; namely, that which William Wa- 
lensis held. To hold to the grantees, their heirs and 
assigns, under the grantor and his heirs, in fee ; pay- 
ing therefore a penny rent to the grantor, and is. rent, 
on the grantor's behalf, to Haghmon Abbey. Wit- 
nesses, Sir Peter, chaplain of the Church of St. Alc- 
mund, Salop. 

CHARLTON. 

A.D. 1277-78. — Appointment of two justices to take 
the assize of mort d'ancestor arraigned by William 
Franceys, of Chirlton, against Adam (or Ada), son (or 
daughter) of William de Norton, touching rent in 
" Opiton." 



SHROPSHIRE. 335 

William Fraunceys, of Cherleton, concedes to 
Richard Bernehoud, of Cherleton, an acre in the fields 
towards Walcote, upon Sundornehull, to hold from 
Michaelmas, 1306, till six crops should have been 
taken therefrom. The premises were bounded by 
lands of John de Cherleton and Michael de Laueley. 
The grantor also concedes another acre towards La 
Lee, for three crops, at the rent of i rose. Wit- 
nesses, Adam Bernehoud, Alan le Pokere, and 
others. 

William le Fraunceis^ of Cherleton, gives to Roger 
le Monck, of Salop, and Juliana, his wife, for a sum of 
money, one messuage, together with all his land of 
Cherleton, to hold of the lords of the fee. The mes- 
suage is described as lying between the land of Sir 
John de Cherleton, knight, and the tenement which 
belonged to the Church of St. Mary, Salop. The 
deed is dated at Cherleton, on Wednesday, Sept. 18, 
1308, and attested by John de la Leye, Adam Berne- 
houd, Alan le Pokere, and others. 

HIGH ERCAL. 

Circa a.d. 13 10. — William de Erkalewe, knight, 
grants to Robert de Fj^aunce, and others, land in 
Ercall waste, between the land of Dame Petronilla, 
Lady of Ercalewe, and the lands of John de Ercaluwe, 
Robert, his son, and Agnes, his daughter. Wit- 
nesses, John de Styvinton, Geoffrey, Lord of Pen- 
inton, etc. 



336 SHROPSHIRE. 

At a short distance to the north of this place, in 
North Bradford hundred, is Stanton upon Hineheath, 
where we find among those assessed in a Subsidy 
Roll of 1322, was Robert Frattnce for 35. \d. 



MEESON. 

This member of Bolas seems to have given a name 
to a family. Among the records identified with it we 
find that William Ic Franuccis with William de Eton 
were amerced half a mark in 1247 for some default 
in suretyship ; and William Frannays, of Meeson, 
occurs on a local jury in 1249. 

At the assizes of January, 1256, William de Ercaule 
had suits of novel disseisin with Henry Mauvesin and 
with William Fratinccys, probably of Meeson. In 
these suits William de Ercaule appoints his son John 
as his attorney. 

ROWTON. 

At the assizes of January, 1256, John de Erkalewe 
appeared as bailiff of his father William, then sick, 
and vainly defended an action brought against the 
said William de Erkalewe by William le Franccys 
and John de Rewelton, for having injuriously set up 
a stank in Rewelton and Osbardiston (Osbaston), and 
thereby injuring the plaintiff's tenements. 

A.D. 1274-75. — Appointment of two justices to 



SHROPSHIRE. 337 

take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by Thomas 
le Framiceys against Henry de Erdington and others, 
touching a tenement in Roulton. 

A.D. 1275-76. — Appointment of two justices to 
take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by TJiomas 
le Fratinceis against Henry de Herdington and others, 
touching a tenement in Roulton. 



WELLINGTON. 

On May 21, 1377, Sir Robert Corbet, knight, Lord 
of Hadley, concedes to John, prior of Wombridge, a 
messuage, a half-virgate, a mill, and a croft in Hadley 
for a term of ninety-nine years, during which the 
said prior was to provide a brother canon and a chap- 
lain to celebrate services in the chapel within the 
gates of Hardley manor-house for the souls' health of 
the said Sir Robert, his wives, children, ancestors, 
and heirs, on Sundays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, 
weekly. Witnesses, Sir John Appeley, knight, Roger 
le Freynche, of Wellington, and others. 



BRIMSTREE HUNDRED. 

BROCKTON. 

Radulphus de Sanford, Lord of Sanford and 
Ruthall, grants at Sutton Maddock, between the years 



3 3 S SHR OPSHIRE. 

1205 and 121 1, one virgate in Brocton, which he had 
obtained from Griffin de Sutton. This grant was in 
favor of Margaret, daughter of Ricardus the Priest 
(Sacerdotis), of Brocton, half of which land Rogerus 
Francigena held, and Osbertus the other half. 

This Rogerus Fimncigcna may have been the an- 
cestor of Rogerus le Fi'aiinceys, of Cressage, from the 
fact that the locations were near, and this Christian 
name is rare in the early history of the Fra'unceys of 
this county. 



CONDOVER HUNDRED. 

ACTON BURNELL. 

A.D. 1275-76. — Appointment of two justices to take 
the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by William 
Fratiuceis against Robert, Bishop of Bath and Wells, 
and others, touching a tenement in Acton-Burel. 



BELSWARDINS. 

The fines by which Robert Burnell effected his 
purchases of some of his possessions in Belswardine 
were passed at Salop on Nov. iS, 1272, Among 
these it is noticed that Walter de Conede, plaintiff, 
quitclaims to William le Fraiiuceys, tenant, a mes- 
suage and bovate in Bedeleswurth, which had been 



SHROFSHIRE. 339 

subject of a suit of grand assize. William, at the 
instance of Walter, concedes the premises to Robert 
Burnell and his heirs for a sum of 6 marks, to be held 
of the lords of the fee. 

William le Fraiinccys, of Badeleswurthyn, impedi- 
ent, acknowledges himself to have given a moiety of 
one virgate and a quarter in Badeleswurthyn to Robert 
Burnell, plaintiff, represented by Maculine de Harley ; 
to hold to Burnell and his heirs, paying a rent of one 
rose to the grantor, and performing all capital ser- 
vices. This fine purports to be the conclusion of a 
suit of charter warranty, and Burnell gives a sore 
sparrow-hawk. 

This WillelmMs le Franceys, of Belswardine, was 
probably the same person who as Willielmus Francis- 
C21S was bailiff of the hundred of Condover. 

In November, 1274, eleven jurors reported on the 
state of the manor of Condover, and complained of 
the unjust and arbitrary distraints levied on the men 
of Condover by Johannes de la Hulle and Willelmus 
de Bassechirch, who were bailiffs of the hundred of 
Condover with Willielmus Franciscus. 



CRESSAGE. 

At the assizes of January, 1256, Roger le Frainiceys 
makes Christiana, his wife, his attorney in two suits 
of land in Cressage, one against William le Clatere, 



3 40 SHR OPSHIRE. 

the other against Gilbert le Frome and Margery, his 
wife. 

It is not impossible that this same Rogci^its le 
Fraimccys may have held for a time land, near by, in 
Nether-Stanwey, in Munslow hundred, of which we 
find the following notice at the assizes of September, 
1272 : — 

Alice, daughter of Walter de Kenigford, and Mar- 
garet, his wife, sued John Abel (Aberd) and Thomas 
de Holgotcastle for disseising her of three messuages 
and one and a half virgate in Nether-Stanwey. John 
pleaded that Margaret, mother of the plaintiff, had 
enfeoffed himself and Roger le Franceys in the prem- 
ises, and that Roger le Franceys had since transferred 
his interest to John. The jury found that Margaret 
had indeed some time given a part of the premises to 
Roger le Franceys, but only as tenant at her will, that 
she had since reseized that part, and given the whole 
to John Abel in marriage with her daughter Alice ; 
lastly, that, when John and Alice were divorced, 
John retained the land. Hereupon the court gave 
sentence of unjust disseisin against John Abel. 

Although JoJiannes Franceys is mentioned as of 
Cressage, we find nothing to show that he belonged 
to the family of Rogerus le Frannceys, of that place. 
This Johannes Franceys is recorded as a juror for 
Condover hundred at the assizes of 1272, at the in- 
quest of 1274, and the assizes of 1292. He sat also 
at the inquest at Little Buildwas in December, 1302. 



SHROPSHIRE. 341 

MUNSLOW HUNDRED. 

CORFHAM. 

A.D. 1254-55. — The jurors of the manor of Corf- 
ham said that Lord Walterus de CHfford holds this 
manor of the king for the service of one knight, and 
it contains seven and a half hides of land. 

Among the tenants of the vill of Corfham were 
Reginaldus chaplain of Dourleg', Master Johannes 
Medicus, of Blockeleg', Philip Sturin, and Ricardus 
le Fra?tceys, of Hulton. 

LITTLE SUTTON. 

" William le Franceis was enfeoffed in 12 15 by 

Robert de Sutton, whose reserved rent was 35-. This 

rent Robert de Sutton transferred to Henry Mon- 

eyer; and William, Henry's son, quitclaimed it to the 

mg. 

The holdings of Robert de Sutton in this place are 
indicated by an inquisition of later date, wherein it is 
stated that Robert de Sutton held Sutton for half a 
hide of the king. 

In the account of serjeanties arrented by Robert 
Passelewe, who visited Shropshire about March, 
1247, is the following: The serjeanty of Osbertus de 
Sutton (son of Robertus de Sutton), in Sutton, for 
which he should provide a horse with head-stall to 



342 SHR OP SHIRE. 

convey the king's treasure yearly at Michaelmas from 
Shrewsbury to London, is alienated in part. 

Willclmus Ic Franays, holding half a virgate of 
this serjeanty valued at 85. per annum, then made a 
fine for a yearly rent of 2^-. 6d, to the crown. 

The following eight greater tenants — namely, Will- 
ielmus de Crowe, IVillicbniis dc Fi'aunccys, Williel- 
mus filius Henrici, Nicholaus de Staunton, Will- 
ielmus Chayles, Elias de Sutton, Ricardus filius 
Philippi, and Rogerus de Staunton — hold together 
the thirtieth part of a fee. 

" In 1254 the aid for marrying the king's daughter 
was put in charge at the rate of 40^. on every knight's 
fee. The eight greater tenants were not charged, as 
we should have expected, \6d. in common on a thirti- 
eth of a fee, but \^d. each, as if they held eight-thirti- 
eths of a fee." 

A.D. 1256. — The inquisitio post mortem of Willicl- 
771US Ic Fraiuiays of this year shows that he held 
twenty-nine acres in capite in Sutton Parva, and 
Willielmus, his son and heir, was twenty-six years of 
age in this year. 

A.D. 1256. — The king took homage of Willehmis Ic 
Franccys, son and heir of Willelnms Ic Franccys, for 
all the lands and tenements which the said Willcbnns, 
his father, held of the king in capite ; and the king 
has given him all these lands and tenements. And 
the sheriff of Salop is ordered to take surety of the 
said Willcbnus for 35., to be paid into the King's Ex- 



SHROPSHIRE. 343 

chequer at Easter next for his relief; and the said 
Willelmus shall have full seisin in all the aforesaid 
lands and tenements which Willelnms, his father, 
held in the county of Salop, of which he was seized 
when he died, and which on account of his death 
had been taken into the kino's hands. 

This Willelmus le Frauceys, the son, appears to 
have died a short time after, as his sisters succeeded 
to the inheritance of their father in 1258. The in- 
quisition after the death of their brother Willelimis 
le Franccys shows that Mai^geria, the eldest, was 
twenty-four years of age, and Alicia, the youngest, 
was fourteen years old. 

The following records show the successions of his 
sisters, Margeria, J^iliana, and Alicia, to the inheri- 
tance of their father, Willelmus le Franccys : — 

A.D. 1258. — The king took homage of Margeria, 
daughter and one of the heirs of Willclnnis le Fraiin- 
ceys, for a third part of the lands and tenements 
which the said Willelmus held of the king in capite; 
and the king granted her this third part. And 
Stephanus de Botherle (Bitterley, of Bitterley), the 
king's escheator in County Salop, is ordered to take 
surety of the said Margeria for 2od., to be paid at 
the Exchequer at Michaelmas next for her relief of 
the said third part, and to give full seisin to this 
Margeria of the third part of all the lands and tene- 
ments which belonged to the aforesaid Willelnnis in 
the bailiwick of Beterle (Bitterley), and of which Will- 



344 SHROPSHIRE. 

elimis was seized in demesne as of fee on the day of 
his death. And the remaining parts, the inheritance 
of Juliana and Alicia^ coheirs of Margcria, are to 
remain in the king's hands. Teste Rege apud Merle- 
berg' (Marlborough), on the sixth day of June. 

A.D. 1258. — The king took homage q>{ Juliana and 
Alicia, daughters and coheirs of Willehnus Ic Fraiin- 
ceys, for two parts of the land and tenements which 
the aforesaid Willehnus, their father, held of the 
king in capite ; and the king has granted them 
these two parts. And Stephanus de Boterle, the 
king's escheator in County Salop, is commanded to 
take surety of them for ^od., to be paid into the Ex- 
chequer at Michaelmas next for their relief; and 
seisin is given them in the two parts of all the lands 
and tenements which had belonged to the aforesaid 
Willehmis in the bailiwick of Boterle, of which Will- 
elnius was seized, etc., on the day when he died, etc. 
Teste Rege at Oxford, on the seventeenth day of 
June. 

A writ of Oct. 16, 1306, orders an inquest to be 
taken on the death of Alicia Ic Frcnsc, and a jury 
which met on October 31 found that the deceased 
had held one messuage, twenty-six acres of land, and 
two acres of meadow in capite in Sutton ; that the 
service arrented thereon was 2s. 6(1. per annum ; that 
the tenement was worth 1 3^^. per annum ; and that 
Rogcr2is Ic Frcnsc was her next heir, and twenty- 
eight years of age and more. 



SHROPSHIRE. 345 

A.D. 1306. — Walterus de Gloucester, escheator be- 
yond Trent, is commanded to take into the king's 
hands all the lands and tenements which Alicia de 
Frcnsc held of the king, and of which she died seized. 

In April, 1323, an inquisition taken after the death 
of Ros-eriLs le Frcnssh, shows that he held one mes- 
suage and thirty acres of land in Sutton Parva in 
capite, for a rent of 2s. 6d., and by suit to the court of 
Munslow hundred every three weeks ; and he left a 
son, Willelmus le Frenssh, who was twenty-one years 
of age on the 25th of March, 1323. 

STOKESAY. 

Hugh de Say about the year 1 1 74 gave the church 
of this place to Haughmond Abbey. The deed by 
which it was conveyed had the confirmation of Hugh 
de Lacy as seignoral lord. Hugh de Say must 
have been a very old man in 1 1 94, at which time he 
had a suit as regards the bosc of Renhall, in which he 
is described as of Stoke (upon Tern), where he had 
part of his possessions. As he did not appear, the 
case was evidently postponed to the 12th of Novem- 
ber, in the same year, of which date we have the fol- 
lowing record. 

Hugo de Sai essoined himself de malo veniendi by 
Willielmiis Franceis in a placitum bosci versus Will- 
ielmus filius Simonis, who had been appointed by 
Fulco de Aili in his place. 



346 SHROPSHIRE. 

OVERS HUNDRED. 

BITTERLEY. 

In 1256 Margery, widow of Richard Landien, hav- 
ins; taken out a writ of dower ao;ainst Richard le 
Franceys, of Bitterley, for a share in a tenement in 
this place, withdrew the suit. 

PIMHILL HUNDRED. 

PETTON. 

On a Roll of 1272 is a notice of a suit of dower 
which Matilda, widow of Reginald dc Fraiuiays, had 
arraigned against Richard de Petton, coroner of 
Shropshire, Richard fitz Chapelen and Margery, his 
wife, and Griffin Seule and Agnes, his wife, but had 
since withdrawn. It was her late husband's tene- 
ment at Petton, in which she had sought dower. 

STOTTESDON HUNDRED. 

ASTLEY. 

At the assizes of 1272 William Ic Frauccys, Will- 
iam de Hordwych, Richard Carpenter, and Roger 
Saer attended with Robert, their provost, for this 
manor. 



SHROPSHIRE. 347 



ROMSLEY. 



At Shrewsbury assizes, November, 1221, Robert le 
Franceis being dead, a suit of mort d'ancestor, which 
he had arraigned against Richard de la Vestene and 
Agnes, his mother, concerning a virgate in Remesleg, 
was postponed. 

The following may have been the settlement : On 
Nov. 12, 1 22 1, Agnes Fitz-Robert, being plaintiff 
against Richard Fitz-John and Agnes de Wascon, 
concerning half a virgate in Ramesleg, remits her 
rio-ht to Richard and Ao^nes and the heirs of Richard, 
for which the latter paid her 10^. 



WENLOCK LIBERTY. 

BRADLEY. 

"It seems that Alan de Buildwas (III.) left a 
daughter and sole heir, Alice, who became the wife 
of Edmund de Leynham. This lady, as yet unmar- 
ried, and being styled Alice de Buildwas, was sued at 
the assizes of 1292 for a toft and half a virgate in 
Posenhall, in which the plaintiff, T/ioinas le Freiische., 
of Bradeleye, alleged that she had no ingress save 
through Alan de Buildewas, who had held the same 
for a term, now expired, by demise of Agnes de Brade- 
leye, the plaintiff's mother. The defendant, Alice, 



348 SHROPSHIRE. 

acknowledged that she had ingress by Alan (probably 
her father), but denied that the said Alan had been 
demisee of Agnes, for that the latter had never been 
seized of the premises. In this the jury acquiesced, 
and the plaintiff was in misericordia pro falso 
clamore." 

Agnes de Bradeleye was without doubt the wife of 
William de Bradeleye, of whom we have a record as 
early as 1 248. Prior to this date, and according to 
the following record, her previous husband must have 
been William le Fraunccys, by whom she had sons, 
William le Fraunccys, and Thomas Ic Frcnsche men- 
tioned in the previous record. 

On Aug. 17, 1260, Giles de Erdinton was ap- 
pointed specially to try a suit of novel disseisin w'hich 
William^ son of William Ic Fraunccys and Agnes, his 
wife, had brought against Robert Beumys, concerning 
a tenement in Stanwey. 




SOMERSETSHIRE 



GENERAL. 



A.D. 1 199, 20 June. — Pleas, etc., in the octaves of 
Holy Trinity. 

Robcrhts Franceis and others were sent to view the 
infirmity of Paganus de Walton, who had essoined 
himself de malo lecto in a placitum terrae versus 
Reginaldus de Abemare. 

A.D. 1205. — Willelmiis le Franceis was amerced 
half a mark for disseisin. His pledge was Walterus 
de Touke. 

A.D. 1250. — Everardus^ son of Thomas Le Franceis 
gives 20^. to the king for an assisa de nova disseisina 
held before Robertus de Brus; and the sheriff of 
Somerset is commanded to take surety, etc. 



ANDERSFIELD HUNDRED. 

BROOMFIELD. 

In I Edward HI. (1327). Richardns Ic French, of 
Bromfelde, paid 6d. as his quota of the subsidy for 
carrying on the war with Scotland. 



35 o SOMERSETSHIRE. 

BATH FORUM HUNDRED. 
BATH. 

A.D. 1 1 23. — Agreement between the convent of 
Bath and WilHam Hosat : — 

This is the covenant and agreement which the 
whole convent of Bath confirmed and agreed with 
Willelmus Hosatus, on the day he reconciled with 
them, regarding a home cause between them. 

The monks granted to Willelmus that he might 
hold and have freely and honorably all the land 
which his father held of them on the day of his 
death. Moreover, they gave him two acres, one 
called " acra praepositi," the other in Staberga, and 
so much of assart as his father had made. And 
Willelmus swore to the monks on the evangelia (the 
service-book containing the gospel) that as his lords 
he would be friendly and faithful to them in all ways, 
and give them in full the tithes belonging to them 
in the vill of Esctone, and that he further should pay 
"geldum"for the half-hide, which tax he before un- 
justly retained. He should also restore to them all 
the " praepasturas " which had caused the disagree- 
ment and discord between them. Further, that he 
will serve them in all pleas to which he should be 
suitably summoned, besides doing all that is possible 
in defending the vill of Esctona in the hundred and 
shire courts, when present. This agreement is made 



SOMERSETSHIRE. 3 5 1 

in the Chapter-house of Bath, on Tuesday, the tenth 
Kal. of February, 11 23. Sub testimonio totius capi- 
tuli, et subscriptorum, Reinbaldi Huscal, Ricardi ne- 
potis ejus, Heliae de Dedingtona, Henrici Hosati, 
Roberti fratris ejus, AtseHni Hosati, et fratrum ejus, 
Rogeri filii Viviani, Radulphi clerici de Esctona, Ra- 
diilfi Franc isci, Adeulfi Fabri, Roberti fratris Drogo- 
nis, et Salidae, et aHorum. 

A.D. 1174-92. — Ratification by Rainaud {i.e., Regi- 
nald Fitz-JoceHn, 1174-92), Bishop of Bath, of the 
sale of half a virgate of land at Lanferleg' [County 
Somerset] by Walter Pistor, of Bath, to Edward de 
Wellis and Hugo, his heir: — 

To all faithful in Christ who see this charter, Rain- 
audus, by divine permission Bishop of Bath, greeting, 
etc. We will that it may be known to all of you that 
Walterus Pistor, of Bath, by our consent and that 
of all his heirs, — namely, of Radulphus, Ernaldus, 
Willelmus, and Robertus, — sold in our court before 
Magister Radulphus de Lichelade, our steward, and 
many others, all the land he had at Lanferleg' ; 
namely, half a virgate of land, with meadow and all 
its appurtenances, to Edwardus de Wellis, Hugo, his 
heir, and all his heirs, for 5 marks of silver, which 
they had given to the said Walter and his heirs, and 
2^-. which the heirs divided between them in our 
court ; for which money the said Walter and all his 
heirs abjured forever the said land with all its appur- 
tenances. But when this Walter should deliver the 



352 SOMERSETSHIRE. 

charter, which he had of Robert, formerly Bishop of 
Bath, of the said land into the hands of aforesaid Ed- 
wardus de Wellis and his heirs, he made oath before 
all that it had been destroyed by fire. And, that all 
suspicion should be removed, he and his heirs made 
oath that they should hold this sale firmly and forever 
without deceit or intention to defraud, and would 
warrant to him the land. And, that this sale made in 
our court may remain firm and stable in all ways, we 
have confirmed it by appending our seal ; and, fur- 
thermore, we have granted that the said Edwardus 
and his heirs may hold the aforesaid land, with 
meadow and all its appurtenances, of us and our suc- 
cessors, with hereditary right, as freely and quietly as 
any of his predecessors held the same, rendering 
yearly to us 3^. for all service. Hiis testibus, Magis- 
tro Radulpho de Lichelade Archidiacono Bathoni- 
ensi, Ricardo Archidiacono Constanciensi, Magistro 
Roberto de Geldeforde, Jocelino capellano, Gaufrido 
Clerico, Roberto de Sancto Laudo, Osberto de Fern- 
berge, Petro de Chiu, Gaufrido Franceis, Durando et 
Ermenaudo de Bathonia, et aliis multis. 

A.D. 1 1 98-1 2 2 3. — Grant by R(obert), prior of Bath, 
to Gilbert de Hiwis, clericus, of an annuity of 2 
marks from the church of Stokes (Radstock) of 
Helias de Clifton until he shall be provided to a bene- 
fice. Witnesses, Fulk Painel, Master Robert de 
Castelford, Richard de Ford, Richard Ic Franccis, and 
others. 



SOMERSE TSHIRE. 3 5 3 

A.D. 1 198-1223. — Grant by Robert, prior of Bath, 
etc., to Clement, his clerk, of the church of Stanton 
{i.e., Stanton Prior, five miles S. W. of Bath). To 
hold as Henry, the chaplain, held it. Rent, 8j-., as- 
signed to the Refectory of Bath. Witnesses, Master 
Robert de Castelford, Richard de Ford, Humfrey 
Mansel, Swein de Weston, Thomas de Palton, Daniel 
and Richard Russell, clerks, Richard le Franccis, and 
many others. 



BRENT & WRINGTON HUNDRED. 

GERITOP'-NEAR-BROADFIELD. 

4 Edward 1.(1275-76). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
William le Fratinceis against Augustine de Plecy and 
others, touching a tenement in Geritop-near-Brade- 
feld. 

4 Edward 1.(1275-76). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the certification arraigned by Augustine 
de Plescet' and Sarah, his wife, against William le 
Fraunceis, touching a tenement in Geritop or Gericop. 



354 SOMERSETSHIRE. 

CANNINGTON HUNDRED. 

SHURTON. 

4 Edward I. (1275-76). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Thomas Fraituccys and Agiics^ his wife, against 
Akina de Reygny and others, touching a tenement in 
Schurreneton. 

5 Edward 1.(1276-77). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Thomas k Frattnccis and Agnes, his wife, against 
Akyna de Reynny and others, touching a tenement 
in Shyireneton. 

A.D. 1290. — A final concord was made at Westmin- 
ster, in three weeks of Trinity, between William de 
Stokes, querent, and Thomas Franccys and Agjics, his 
wife, deforciants, for two messuages, fifteen acres of 
meadow, and seven acres and the moiety of a virgate 
of land in Northbury and Syrreneton. Plea of cove- 
nant was summoned. Thomas and Agnes acknowl- 
edged the right of Walter, as by their gift. For this 
Walter granted the same to them for their lives, to 
hold of the chief lords of the fee by the service be- 
lonoiins:. After the death of both Thomas and 
Agnes the said tenement shall wholly remain to 
Thomas, their son, to hold of the chief lords as 
aforesaid. 



SOMERSETSHIRE. 355 

STOKE-COURCY. 

Prob. twelfth century. — Grant by Nicholas Poher 
to St. Andrew, of Stoke (Courcy), and the monks 
thereof, of land in Middleton. Witnesses, William 
Poher, Joan, the mother of Nicholas, Fiilk, the son of 
Richard Francus, Ralph the clerk who wrote the 
charter, and others. 



CATSASH HUNDRED. 

WESTON. 

27 Edward I. (1298-99). — Willelmus Fraunceys^ 
junior, has shown that, when in the King's Court, he 
recovered his seisin against Walterus le Blund, of 
eight acres of land and a half, with its appurtenances, 
in Magna Weston, near by Camel Regis. 

28 Edward I. (i 299-1 300). — The king to the sher- 
iff of Somerset. Willelmus Frauiiceys, junior, has 
shown that, when at the King's Court at Taunton, he 
recovered his seisin against Walterus le Blund, of two 
messuages, twenty-nine and a half acres of land, seven 
acres of meadow, and \2d. \ob. of rent, with its appur- 
tenances, in Magna Weston, near by Camel Regis. 

31 Edward I. (1302-3). — The king to the sheriff 
of Somerset, greeting. Willehnus, son of Willcbnus 
Frauiiceys, has shown that, when in the King's Court 



356 SOMERSETSHIRE. 

at Sumerton, he recovered his seisin against Hum- 
fridus de Bello Campo and AHcia, his wife, of three 
acres and a half of land, with its appurtenances, in 
Magna Weston, near by East Camel, etc. 



CHEWTON HUNDRED. 

TEMPLE. 

33 Edward 111.(1359). — The king, by the assent, 
etc., of Nicholas de Cadbury, commits to Rcginaldus 
Ic French the custody of one messuage and six acres 
of land at la Temple, near by Chuton, and three tofts 
of land and pasture in the vill of Knolle, of which 
Robertus Gyen died seised, to hold until, etc., giving 
for the same to the king 45-. 6^. per annum. 



WEST HARPTREE. 

A.D. 1 201. — Willelmus filius Willelmi filii Johannis 
gives 5 marks for having an inquiry made b}^ a jury of 
leo'al men if Walterus filius Thomae has twelve li- 
brates of land in Westharptre and in Porteheved which 
the aforesaid Willelmus granted him by his charter. 
Among the pledges was Robertus Franceis. 



SOMERSE TSHIRE. 3 5 7 



GLASTON-TWELVE-HIDES HUNDRED. 

GLASTONBURY. 

A,D. 1266. — To all who see or hear this writing, 
Willelmus Peytwyn, of Melnes, greeting in the Lord. 
Know that I by this present writing firmly bind my- 
self to Robert (de Pederton), abbott of Glastonbury, 
and his successors, that from this time forth during 
my lifetime I shall neither give, sell, or alienate in 
any way the messuages, curtilages, lands, meadows, 
tenements, rents, homages, services, reliefs, or escheats 
belonQ-insf to the tenement which I hold in the vill of 
Melnes of the abbot and church of Glastonbury. 
And, if I should do so, or attempt to do so, the abbot 
and his successors or their bailiffs may enter and take 
possession of my whole tenement which I hold of 
them in the vill of Melnes, and forever hold it for the 
monastery of Glastonbury, without objection, reten- 
tion, or claim by me or my heirs. In testimony 
whereof I have appended my seal to the present writ- 
ing. Hiis testibus, Michaele le Goyz, Reginaldo de 
Ivichorn', Roberto de Wotton, Roberto Franccys, 
Gaufrido Samuel, G. Palayn, Willelmo de la Clive, et 
aliis. Given at Glastonbury, on the i8th Kal. Sep- 
tember, in the year of our Lord 1266, and in the 
fiftieth year of the reign of King Henry, son of King 
John. 



35S SOMERSETSHIRE. 

About the last-named period are the two following- 
deeds : — 

Be it known to those present and those to come 
that I, Willelmus Peytevin, of Melnes, have given, 
granted, conceded, and quitclaimed in perpetuity, for 
me and my heirs, to my lords Robertus, abbot of 
Glastonbury (abbot from 1261 to 1274), and the con- 
vent of that place, and their successors, and to the 
monastery of Glastonbury, all the right and claim 
I had in three acres of arable land in the fields of 
Melnes, which Adam le Bur formerly held of me as a 
sift, two acres of which lie in the eastern field " in 
Sutcumba subtus Mulnembeche," and one acre in the 
western field which is called Langacre at Babynton', 
and half an acre which lies in the fields of Melnes, 
above the croft of Gaufridus Samuel ; and all the 
claim I had in the meadow called Brodemede, above 
Dicheputte, which meadow the aforesaid Adam for- 
merly held of me. To have and to hold, with hom- 
ages, reliefs, wards, escheats, rents, services, and all 
other appurtenances, to the aforesaid abbot and con- 
vent and their successors and the monastery of Glas- 
tonbury, in free, pure, and perpetual alms, without 
any withholding, of me or my heirs. In testimony of 
which I have strengthened this present writing with 
the impression of my seal. Hiis testibus, Y. le Goyz, 
Roberto de Wotton', Roberto le Franceys, Galfrido 
Samuel, Willelmo de la Clive, et aliis. 

May it be known to all who see or hear this pres- 



SOMERSETSHIRE., 359 

ent writing that I, Galfridus Samuel, of Melnes, for 
me and my heirs, acknowledge and recognize that I 
hold forever of the lord the abbot and monastery of 
Glastonbury the whole tenement and land with its 
appurtenances which belonged to Johannes Dogge- 
tayl, in Melnes, giving to the abbot and monastery of 
Glastonbury yearly \os. sterling at four terms. In 
testimony of which I have appended my seal to this 
present writing. Hiis testibus, Domino Alano de 
Waltona, milite, Roberto de Wotton', Willcbno le 
Frmiceys, Willelmo de la Clyve, et aliis. 



HARTCLIFFE AND BEDMINSTER HUNDRED. 

WINFORD AND FELTON. 

In I Edward III. (1327) Johannes le French paid 
18^. as his quota of the subsidy for carrying on the 
war with Scotland. 



HOUNDSBOROUGH, BERWICK, AND COKER 

HUNDRED. 

BERWICK. 

At the inquisition of the manor of Berewyk, in the 
county of Somerset, late of George de Cantilupe, 
made at Berewyk, Wednesday next after Epiphany, in 



36o SOMERSETSHIRE. 

the second year of Edward I. (1274), before Roger de 
Crofte, clerk, Master Richard de CHfford, and Robert 
Radinton, subescheator of the said county, the jurors 
say that the said George held the manor of Berewyk 
of Lord John de Burg in chief by the service of half 
a knight's fee, etc. There are rents of free tenants 
47i-. 6d. ; namely, of Henry Franc, for half a virgate 
of land, 35-., etc. 

NORTON. 

In I Edward III. (1327) Willelvms Ic Frensch paid 
35-. as his quota of the subsidy for carrying on the war 
with Scotland. 



HUNTSPILL AND PURITON HUNDRED. 

PURITAN. 

A.D. 1261. — Fine at Westminster, in the quinzaine 
of Easter, between Alexander de Chykengrave and 
Cristiana, his wife, Geoffry le Carpenter and Mar- 
geria, his wife, claimants, and William de Monz, of 
Pyriton, and Agnes, his wife, tenants, for two parts of 
twenty-four acres of land, and a rod of meadow, and 
18^/. rent, in Skawell, which Alexander and Crist iana, 
Geoffrey and Margeria, claimed as their part, coming 
to them by inheritance, from Eninia la Fran nc hey sse, 
the mother of Fristiana, Margeria, and Agnes, whose 



SOMERSE TSHIRE. 3 6 1 

heirs they were. Alexander and Cristiana, Geoffrey 
and Margeria, quitclaimed their right to William and 
Agnes. For this William and Agnes gave them 7 
marks. 



KEYNSHAM HUNDRED. 

MARKSBURY. 

In 44 Henry III. (1259-60) Thomas ie Frcnsce 
was a tenant in Markesbur of the Abbey of Glas- 
tonbury. 

KILMERSDON HUNDRED. 

BABINGTON. 

In I Edward III. (1327) Richardtts le Frensli, of 
Babyngtone, paid 2s. as his quota of the subsidy for 
carrying on the war against Scotland. 

BUCKLAND. 

Circa a.d. 1280. — Auicia, widow of Thomas Maras- 
callus, in her widowhood granted to Johannes Pert- 
rich and Clemencia, his wife, one acre of arable land 
in the western field of Bochland and all her land on 
the west side of her house, for 20^-. of silver and an 



362 SOMERSETSHIRE. 

annual rent of one rose at the feast of the Nativity of 
Saint John the Baptist for aU service. Hiis testibus, 
Thome Franceis, Johanne Fullone de Lullyngton, et 
aliis, 

MIDDELTON. 

A.D. 1283-S6. — Rohs of the fees held of the king in 
capite in the counties of Somerset and Dorset, ac- 
cording to inquisitions held about this subject before 
Johannes de Kirkeby, then the king's treasurer, and 
his associates. 

Willelmus le Franccis and Gilbertus de la Forde 
hold one knight's fee in Middleton of Anselmus de 
Gurnay, who holds of the king. The service is not 
mentioned. 

STRATTON. 

A.D. 1280. — At the pleas before the justices itin- 
erant, on the morrow of Ascension Day, Thomas de 
Sancto Vigore was summoned to show by what war- 
rant he claimed to have warren, fair, etc., in the 
manor of Stratton, and elsewhere in this county, with- 
out license, etc. 

The said Thomas came, and said that he had the 
said warren, etc., by charter of King Henry III., etc. 
Willelmus Fratinceys, one of the jurors, did not ap- 
pear; but the jurors of the hundred of Kynesmersdon, 
together with the knights elected for this purpose. 



SOMERSETSHIRE. 363 

said upon their oath that aforesaid Thomas and his 
ancestors had the said liberty without encroaching or 
usurping the right of the king or his ancestors. 



KINGSBURY, WEST, HUNDRED. 

LYDIARD PUNCHARDON. 

In I Edward III. (1327) Roger2is French paid 6d. as 
his quota of the subsidy for carrying on the war with 
Scotland. 

MILVERTON HUNDRED. 

MILVERTON. 

A.D. 1235. — A fine was made at Ivelcestre (Ilches- 
ter), on Sunday next after Saint Lucie, between Regi- 
nald Wulwine, claimant, and Gilbert de Germunvill, 
tenant, for a messuage and a furlong of land in Mil- 
verton ; and between the same Reginald, claimant, 
and the said Gilbert, who called William le Fra7iceis 
to warrant, for a furlong of land in the same vill ; and 
between the same Reginald, claimant, and the said 
Gilbert, who called Walter fitz Walter to warrant, for 
a furlong of land in the same vill ; and between the 
same Reginald, claimant, and the said Gilbert, who 
called John Comin to warrant, for a furlong of land 



364 SOMERSETSHIRE. 

in the same vill ; and between the same Reginald, 
claimant, and the said Gilbert, who called Thomas 
Baggehegh to warrant, for one acre of meadow in 
the same vill. Assize of mort d'ancestor was sum- 
moned. Reginald quitclaimed to Gilbert all his 
rio^hts. For this Gilbert orave him 10 marks. 

4 Edward 1.(1275-76). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of mort d ancestor arraigned 
by Margery la Franuccysc against John de Burbache 
and Robert Fayermay, touching possessions in Mil- 
verton. 



NORTH PETHERTON HUNDRED. 

BRIDGEWATER. 

I Edward I. (1272-73). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of mort d ancestor arraigned 
by Thomas Fra^mccys and Agues, his wife, against 
William Doding' and Radulph Doding', touching a 
messuage in Briggewauter. 

3 Edward 1.(1274-75). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of mort d ancestor arraigned 
by Thipmas) le Frainiccys and Agnes, his wife, against 
Richard Pik', touching a messuage in Brugewauter. 

Another appointment to take the assize of mort 
d'ancestor arraigned by Thovias Franccis and Agues, 
his wife, against Robert de Piriton and others, touch- 
ing possessions in Bridgewater. 



SOMERSETSHIRE. 365 

4 Edward 1.(1275-76). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of mort d'ancestor arraigned 
by Thomas le Fratuiccis and Agnes, his wife, against 
Richard Pik' and others, touching messuage in 
Bridgewater. 

A writ, witnessed by the king at Westminster, on 
the 28th of April, 1382, was addressed to John Rodes- 
ton, the king's escheator in Somersetshire, by which 
he was directed to take the verdict of a jury whether 
it would be to the damage or prejudice of the king or 
others if license should be given to Robert Crosse, 
parson of the church of Spaxton, to give and assign 
six messuages, one hundred and nine acres of arable 
land, and eight acres of meadow, with appurtenances, 
in Poulet, to the prioress and convent of Canyngton, 
for her and her successors to find two sufficient and 
good w^ax candles, "duos cereos vocatos Torches," 
one at the right and one at the left corner of the 
high altar in the priory church, to burn through and 
from the time of consecration daily and every day at 
mass, in honor of the same, to the conclusion of the 
service. 

The inquisition consequent upon this was taken 
before the said John Rodeston, at Bryggewater, on 
the Thursday in Whitsun-week, in the fifth year of 
the aforesaid king; and the jurors, among whom 
was John Frenssh, returned a favorable verdict. 



366 SOMERSETSHIRE. 

CHEDZOY. 

4 Edward I. (1275-76). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned 
by TJioinas Fraiiuccis and Agues, his wife, against 
Richard Pig and others, touching common of pasture 
in Chedzoy (" Chedeseye "). 

In I Edward III. (1327) Richardiis Frc7issh, of 
Chedesey, paid \2d. as his quota of the subsidy for 
carrying on the war with Scotland. 



PORTBURY HUNDRED. 

BOURTON. 

In I Edward III. (1327) Robcrtiis le French paid 
\2d. as his quota of the subsidy for carrying on the 
war with Scotland. 

EASTON IN GORDANO. 

A.D. 1293. — Fine at Westminster, in the octaves of 
St. Michael, between John de Howclle, querent, and 
William, son of TJionias le Frannceys, and Agnes, his 
wife, deforciants, for a messuage, forty acres of land, 
eieht acres of meadow, and six acres of wood in 
Eston, in Gordon. Plea of covenant was summoned. 
William and Agnes acknowledged the right of John 



SOMERSETSHIRE. 367 

to hold of the chief lords of that fee by the service 
belonging; and they warranted the same. For this 
John granted that he would render every year to 
Willia7iz and Agues, for the life of Agnes, 4 marks 
at four terms ; after the decease of Agnes, John shall 
be quit of the said payment. 



PORTBURY. 

In I Edward III. (1327) Johmmes French paid 
\2d. as his quota of the subsidy for carrying on the 
war with Scotland. 



SOMERTON HUNDRED. 

ARLE. 

This place was located in the hundred of Somer- 
tone Forinsecum. 

In I Edward III. (1327) Willelmus le Frensch, of 
this place, paid i8</. as his quota of the subsidy for 
carrying on the war with Scotland. 



KINGSDON. 

A.D. 1256. — A final concord was made at Ivelcestre, 
in a month of Saint John the Baptist, between Brian 
de Gowiz, querent, and Robert, son of Alice la Fran- 



368 SOMERSETSHIRE. 

ccis, deforciant, for thirty-six acres of land in Kynges- 
don ; and between the same Brian, querent, and Will- 
iam, son of Matilda, deforciant, for thirty-six acres of 
land in the same vill. Plea of covenant was sum- 
moned. Robert and William acknowledged the right 
of Brian. For this Brian granted the same to them ; 
namely, to each of them the land which he demanded 
as^ainst them, to hold to them and the heirs of their 
bodies begotten, of him, rendering per annum i6^. 
That is to say, Robert Sjt. and William S^-, by quar- 
terly payments, and doing the regal service, as much 
as belonQ;;s to so much land of that fee in that vill. 
And, if it happen that Robert and William shall die 
without heirs of their bodies, the said land shall revert 
to Brian. And be it known that Robert and William 
cannot give, sell, injure, or in any manner alienate 
nor waste or spoil the said land; for, if they die with- 
out heirs of their bodies, the whole must revert to 
Brian. 



TAUNTON AND TAUNTON-DEAN HUNDRED. 

STOKE. 

In I Edward III. (1327) Willelimis Frensh paid 
5^. as his quota of the subsidy for carrying on the war 
with Scotland. 



SOMERSETSHIRE. 369 

WELLOW HUNDRED. 
DUNKERTON. 

A.D. 1295. — Fine at Westminster, in the octave of 
Saint John the Baptist, between Nicholas Fraunccys 
and Roger, his brother, querents, and William Fraun- 
ceys, of Langeton (Langton Herring, in Dorset), 
and Agnes, his wife, deforciants, for two parts of two 
messuao^es and a carucate of land and a half in Dun- 
kerton and Cridlyncote. Plea of covenant was sum- 
moned. William and Agnes acknowledged the same, 
together with the homage and service of Gregory de 
Cridelyncote, chaplain, and of Nicholas de Horssyng- 
ton in respect of the tenement which he held of them 
in the said vill, to be the right of Nicholas, to hold 
to Nicholas and Rop-er and the heirs of Nicholas of 

o 

the chief lords of that fee. And William and Agnes 
quitclaimed to Nicholas and Roger all the right they 
had in one-third part of two messuages and a caru- 
cate and a half of land which Petronilla, who was the 
wife of Walter le Balun, held in dower, the inheritance 
of Agnes in the said vill. Williain and Agnes also 
quitclaimed to Nicholas and Roger all the right they 
had in one-third part of half a carucate of land which 
Richard de la Folye and Ela, his wife, held in dower 
of Ela from the inheritance of Agnes in the said vill ; 
and William and A^nes warranted the same. For 
this Nicholas and Roger gave William and Agnes 60/. 



370 SOMERSETSHIRE. 

sterling. This concord was made in the presence of 
Gregory and Nicholas, who agreed thereto, and did 
fealty to N^icJiolas and Roger in the court. 

32 Edward I. (1303-4). — The king to the sheriff, 
greeting. Willclums Franccis, junior, has shown that, 
when in the King's Court at Sumerton, he recovered 
his seisin against Petronilla, who had been w^ife of 
Walter Walun, and others, of land, four hundred feet 
in length and sixty-five feet in breadth, and a third 
part of 4^. of rent, with its appurtenances, in Cridel- 
ingcote, near by Dunkerton. 



NEWTON. 

In I Edward III. (1327) Walter us le Frcnsshe, of 
Newton, paid (^s. 3^. as his quota of the subsidy for 
carrying on the war with Scotland. 



WELLS FORUM HUNDRED. 

WELLS CITY. 

Bishop Reginald Fitzjocelin de Bohun was of the 
family of the Bohun, of the Cotentin, the north-west 
corner of Normandy, near Carentan, which still marks 
the cradle of the family. His father was Jocelin de 
Bohun, Bishop of Sarum 1 141-84; and Richard de 
Bohun, Bishop of Coutances, 1 151-79, was his uncle. 



SOMERSETSHIRE. 371 

Savoric, the cousin of Bishop Reginald, succeeded 
him as Bishop of Bath in 1192. He was younger 
brother of Franco de Bohun. 

Bishop Reginald, between the years 1 1 74-80, 
o-ranted a charter to the town of Wells, of which the 
following is a partial synopsis. He grants that the 
town of Wells shall be a free borough ; that every one 
dwelling within its limits, and possessing a messuage 
in the name of a burgage, should have freedom of 
dwelling, going and coming, also of mortgaging, sell- 
ing, and granting their houses, except to houses of 
religion. He reserves to the bishop the payment of 
1 2d. a year out of every house in the borough ; forbids 
sale of raw skins or hides within the limits of the 
borough ; grants authority to hold a court for settle- 
ment of disputes, and for civil and criminal trials, 
except in cases where deadly wounds or injuries for 
life had been inflicted, without any fee to the bishop's 
justices. He reserves to the bishop right of appeal, 
and ri^ht to interfere or revise the sentence of the 
burgesses if they failed to do justice. Galfridus 
frayiais is among the twenty-two witnesses. 

A.D. 1263. — Inspeximus and confirmation by Ed- 
ward, the dean, and the chapter of a charter of Bishop 
William, granting to Stephen Russel and Joanna, his 
wife, a fardel of land in Bocland, in Welyington 
manor, pro servitio suo, formerly held by W. Russel, 
at a rent of 6^. M. a year, besides Peter's penny, the 
hundred penny, etc., and the duty of fencing West- 



372 SOMERSETSHIRE. 

bury Park, saving also a winter and summer 
ploughing to be made by them. Witnesses, John 
Forti, chancellor of Wells, TJwmas Frajiceis, senes- 
chal of the bishop, and others. Given in the chapter 
Nov. I 3, 1263. 



HENTON. 

4 Edward I. (1275-76). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Richard, son of Peter de Hurst, against Thomas Ic 
Franiiccys and others, touching a tenement in Henton. 



WHITESTONE HUNDRED. 

A.D. 1225. — Ricardiis Ic Franceys was taken for the 
death of Robertus filius Goldine, and the serjeant of 
the abbot of Glastonbury took him into his custody. 
This must be discussed. 

Afterwards Ricardiis is arrested, and defends all of 
it, and puts himself upon the county. Therefore, the 
sheriff of Somerset is commanded that in full county 
court before him, Jordanus Oliver, Johannes de 
Reyni, and Radulfus de Lidiard, he do convene the 
four neighboring hundreds, etc., and diligently make 
inquest by their oath, and according to the result of 
the inquest do let Ricardiis have his judgment. 



SOMERSETSHIRE. 373 

DOULTING. 

In I Edward III. (1327) Hairinis le French., of 
villata de Doultynge, paid (id. as his quota of the 
subsidy for carrying on the war with Scotland. 



WHITLEY HUNDRED. 



OTHERY. 



A.D. 1235-52. — Thomas Franceis holds ten acres 
of land here of the Abbey of Glastonbury, for which 
he renders 3^-. \d. per annum for all service. 

A.D. 1235-52. — Ricardus Franceis holds of the 
Abbey of Glastonbury four acres of meadow in 
Othery Moors, two in Stubbrech and two in Lange- 
dem, and " de Benet" one acre and a half for 22^. 



WESTON ZOYLAND. 

A.D. 1235-52. — Thomas Franceis holds two acres 
and a half of land in the field of Sowy Weston, and 
a messuage with curtilage "super la Hamme," of the 
Abbey of Glastonbury, rendering 2s. per annum for 
all service. 

A.D. 1237. — At this time the moors belonging to 
the manor of Sowy, held by the Abbey of Glaston- 



374 



SOMERSE TSHIRE. 



bury, were changed into meadow. Among those 
paying to the abbey for the improvement was Wal- 
tcrtis Frauccis, who gave 6d. 

A.D. 1261-74. — Thomas Francois paid a rent of 3^". 
to the said abbey for eight and a half acres of moor- 
land in Weston; and Waltcms Frauccis paid 4.T. lod. 
to the same abbey for nine acres of moorland in the 
same place. 



WINTERSTOKE HUNDRED. 

BLAGDON. 

In I Edward III. {12,2'j) Ric/iardiis le Frey7isch, of 
Blakedone, paid 35. ^^. as his quota of the subsidy 
for carrying on the war with Scotland. 

CHEDDER. 

A.D. 1245. — Inspeximus by Thomas, prior of Bath, 
etc., of a charter of Roger, Bishop of Bath, granting 
to Mabel, wife of William de Stokes, land which 
Richard, son of Robert Franccys, some time held in 
the bishop's manor of Ceddre ; also a mill with 
messuage and curtilage in the said manor, some 
time held by Robei^t Franceys, for life. Rent, \2s. 
8d. Reserved, the mark of silver to the lady Agatha 
de Corscumbe, which she is wont to receive from the 



SOMERSE TSHIRE. 



375 



mill. Mabel may not marry without the counsel of 
the bishop or his successors, or else the mill, etc., to 
revert to them. For this grant Mabel has paid as 
bonus (in gersuma) lo marks. Given by the hand 
of Master Richard de Holdeswithe, at Kingesbyrie, 
I Id. June, first year of our pontificate. Confirma- 
tion dated at Bath, i6 Kal. Jul. 1245. 

A.D. 1 246. — Confirmation by the dean and chapter 
of Wells, reciting the bishop's charter which grants to 
William de Aure and Mabilia, his wife, the mill, etc., 
formerly held by Richard, son of Robert Franays, of 
Chedder, saving to Domina Agatha de Corscumb, 
etc., I mark a year. 

In 4 Edward I. (1275-76) it is found by the state- 
ment of a jury that the manor of Cedderne was the 
demesne of King John, who delivered it to Hugo, 
Archdeacon of Wells, by charter, in fee farm for 20/. 
per annum, payable at Michaelmas. This Hugo con- 
veyed it to Lord Jocelinus, the Bishop of Bath, with 
the consent of King John, but the jurors do not know 
by what warrant. And Lord Willelmus, Bishop of 
Bath and Wells, who is there now, holds by the same 
rental as his predecessors; and the manor with the 
hundred is valued at 30/. per annum. 

Robertus de Fraunceys, according to the statement 
of the jury, once held one carucate of land together 
with a mill in free socage, of ancient demesne of the 
crown, of the manor of Cedderne ; and Lord Rogerus, 
Bishop of Bath and Wells, twenty-six years ago 



376 SOMERSETSHIRE. 

granted this carucate too-ether with the mill to Willel- 
miis de Aure, by his charter, to be held free of the 
bishop and his successors for a rent of 2 marks per 
annum. 

EAST HARPTREE. 

In 18 Edward III. (1344) Johannes le Walshe and 
others are ordered, in virtue of a certain commission, 
to take into the kino-'s hands 20/. of rent of the tene- 
ments at one time belonging to Lord Thomas de 
Gourneye in Estharpetre, which Eborai^dits Frcnshe 
held for a term of three years after the demise of said 
Thomas, — namely, four bovates of land valued at 14^-. 
per annum, six acres of meadow valued at ^s. per 
annum, the crop of twelve acres of corn valued at 20s. 
per annum, the crop of two acres of beans valued at 
35. per annum, the crop of four acres of oats valued 
at 55. 4<'/., in the said vill of Estharpetre, six oxen ap- 
praised at 60^., twenty-four sheep appraised at 4/. 303-., 
and to take the yearl)' rent in Capenore of the tene- 
ment of Johannes atte Chapelle and all the tithes of 
the church of Estharpetre, appraised at 16 marks, 
which the aforesaid Eborardtis bought of the parson 
of the church ; and they are ordered to deliver cus- 
tody, etc., to the said Eborardns, if he can find among 
his friends sufficient surety to answer to the king. 



STAFFORDSHIRE. 



GENERAL. 

A.D. 1 182, Michaelmas. — At the Nova Placita et 
Novae Conventiones held before Godefridus de Luci 
and others, Roberhis le Franceis, a vintner, was 
amerced for selling wine against the assize; and he 
paid half a mark by the sheriff. 

A.D. 1 187, Michaelmas. — At the Nova Placita et 
Novae Conventiones held before Robertus Marmium, 
Radulphus de Arden, and others, Bernardus de Staf- 
ford and Willielmus Franceis had been amerced as 
sureties for Robertus le Franceis. The former paid 2 
marks, and the latter i mark by the hand of the 
sheriff. 

A.D. 1189-90. — At the Nova Placita et Novae Con- 
ventiones held before Radulphus de Ardena and his 
associates, Robertus Franceis is amerced 66^. %d. for a 
novel disseisin. 

A.D. 1 19 1-92. — Robertus le Franceis owes 66i-. 8^. 
for disseisin, for which he is pardoned by a writ of the 
king. 

A.D. 1195-96. — At the Nova Placita et Novae Con- 
ventiones held before Willielmus, Bishop of Here- 



378 STAFFORDSHIRE. 

ford, and his associates, Willielmus Franceis was 
amerced half a mark for selling wine against the 
assize. He paid \s, jd., and owed is. id. 

A.D. 1196-97. — At the Nova Placita et Novae Con- 
ventiones held before Willielmus, Bishop of Hereford, 
and his associates, Willielmus le Franceis owed 2s. \d. 
for selling wine against the assize. He paid \2d. into 
the treasury, and owes 13. 

In 10 Henry HI. (1225-26) an assize came to make 
recognition if Robertus le Fratuiceis, father of Jo- 
hannes, was seized of the manor of Hulle, which lands 
Robertus Noel holds; who came, and by permission 
gave up to Johannes the fifth part of the manor of 
which Robertus le Fraunceis, his father, died seized. 



CUTTLESTONE HUNDRED. 

HIGH ONN, 

In the Subsidy Roll of the sixth year of the reign 
of King Edward III. (1332) is found that Adam le 
Fre7icJi, of Magna Onne, paid ^s. as a tax on account 
of the Scotch war. 

WESTON UNDER LIZARD. 

Joha7i7ies Franceis was among the witnesses to the 
following conveyance without date. It was evidently 



STAFFORDSHIRE. 379 

executed before the year 12 14, at which date the 
confirmer of the grant was dead. Hamo de Weston 
confirmed a grant of land which Matilda, daughter 
of Wlmers, made to her brother William for one 
bovate, which William gave to the said Hamo. This 
included land beyond Marlebrun, in Beretilth, in 
Culvecroft, and a field near that of Alan the for- 
ester, in Brademor. 

The following charter was probably made after the 
year 12 14, as Hamo de Weston was deceased at that 
date, and his son William is among the witnesses: — 

Know those present and those to come that I, 
Robertus de Bethertona, have given, etc., to God 
and the Church of St. Thomas (priory of St. Thomas, 
near Stafford), for the safety of my soul and those of 
my family, in free, etc., alms, five acres of land in the 
vill of Weston, four acres of which lie between the 
land which belonged to Hugo Palmerus and the piece 
of meadow in the moor of Radulphus, and are ex- 
tended in length from Hardelegesyche to the land of 
said Robertus, and all the land which extends from 
the moor of Radulphus to Wathlingstreet, between 
the marlpit of the said Robertus and the land of R. 
de Gossich ; and one acre, consisting of two butts, 
which extends from Wachlingstreet to the said acres. 
To have and hold, etc., in perpetuity, freely, etc. (war- 
ranty and seal). Hiis testibus, Domino Johanne de 
Acton, Roberto de Wyston, Johanne le Bruntone, 
Wiliehno le Fraunceys, Willielmo filio Hamonis, Hen- 
rico de Bosco, et aliis. 



38o STAFFORDSHIRE. 

OFFLOW HUNDRED. 

ALREWAS. 

A.D. 1307. — Memorandum of the King's Parliament 
at Carlisle, on Friday, in the octaves of Saint Hilary, 
in the thirty-fifth year of the reign of King Edward I. 

Petition of a Johaujics Fraiuiceys, who represented 
that he was taken at the battle of Rosselyn (24th of 
February, 1303), and had lost his horses, arms, and 
everything he had, and was detained in a Scotch 
prison for fifty-seven weeks, and had to pay a fine 
of 40 marks for his release. For these troubles, 
damages, and losses he prays to have some unculti- 
vated land in Alrewas, in the county of Stafford, 
which waste contains ^x acres, and is of no profit 
to the king; and he offers the king 2}^2 marks 
per annum for the same. Therefore, Walterus de 
Gloucester and Willelmus de Harden are ordered to 
inquire about the value of the land, etc., and report to 
the king. 

BLITHBURY. 

The date of the following charter is somewhat de- 
fined by Johannes de Stafford, who was elected abbot 
of Burton in July, 1260, and resigned in 1280: — 

Be it known, etc., that I, Ricardus, son and heir of 
Rogerus filius G ... of Newland (de nova terra). 



STAFFORDSHIRE. 381 

near by Blitham, have given, etc., to Dominus Jo- 
hannes, abbot of Burton, etc., to hold forever, the 
mill beyond Blitham, which Ricardus, the miller, 
once held of them, etc.; saving for myself and my 
heirs free grinding of my own corn for my table of 
le Neulond. Among the witnesses was Henricus 
Fraunceis, of Blithebiri. 

Hugo Fraunceys, of Blithebur', was one of the 
manucaptors of Henricus Mauveseyin, knight of the 
shire, elected to attend at the Parliament to be held 
at York, on the 25th of May, 1298. 



BURTON UPON TRENT. 

To all faithful in Christ who shall see or hear this 
charter, Willelmus (Melburne, 1200-10), by divine per- 
mission abbot of Burton, and the whole convent of 
that place, greeting, etc. Be it known to all of you 
that the lord the king for his salvation has granted 
us permission to make a borough at Burton, with all 
the liberties and free customs belonging to a borough, 
and confirmed it by his charter. And therefore we 
will that all who after this royal grant took burgage 
of us, — namely, in that street extending from the 
great bridge of Burton to the new bridge towards 
Horningelawe, — both they and their heirs may hold 
it freely and quietly, giving to us yearly 1 2d. for every 
burgage, for all service, payable at two terms ; 



3 8 2 STAFFORDSHIRE. 

namely, 6d. at the feast of Saint Michael and 6d. at 
Easter. And every burgage shall consist of twenty- 
four perches in length and four in breadth ; smaller 
tenants to pay less in proportion. We also grant 
that the burgesses of aforesaid place may have all 
the liberties and free customs which would be granted 
them as free burgesses of any neighboring borough. 
And, that this our grant may be firm and inviolable, 
we have strengthened this present charter by our 
seal. Hiis testibus, Jordano de Tok, Willelmo de 
Lawarde, Dauj de Caldewelle, Henrico persona de 
Etewelle, Herberto de Stratton, Radulfo persona 
de Stapenhille, Reinaldo de sancto Albano, Hugone 
de Findern, Roberto de Bensicot, Willelmo Fran- 
c{eis?\ Petro de Derby, Henrico Geri, Ricardo Run- 
del de Tuttesbiri, Roberto Blundo, Radulfo Camber- 
lano, Willelmo de Morleb., Adam Marescallo, et 
multis aliis. 



HANDSWORTH. 

At the pleas at Tewkesbury, on the 15th of July, 
1209, Alan Francns, by Walter de Ardern put in his 
place, is complainant against William de Paries, ten- 
ant or deforciant, concerning half a hide of land in 
Huneswordne. Alan remitted all claim, for which 
William gave 20s. 

A.D. 1 2 10, October 19. — Willelmus de Paries claims 
against Willelmus de Barre forty acres of wood with 



STAFFORDSHIRE. 383 

its appurtenances in Hunesworthe as his right, and as 
belonging to a hide of land with its appurtenances in 
Hunesworthe, which Paganus de Paries and Alicia, 
his mother, had recovered against Willelmus filius 
Petri, "per finem duelli vadiati et percussi," in the 
King's Court at Westminster, in the time of King 
Henry H., so that they after the duel were quiet, and 
W. and Alicia were seized of this wood, taking thereof 
a rent of half a mark and more ; and that Willelmus 
de Barre had no entry in this wood save through 
Robertus le Fraunceis, who had intruded himself in it 
" vi et injuria" during the time the said Willelmus 
was in prison ; and he (Willelmus de Paries) offers 
40i". for having an inquisition thereupon. Willelmus 
de Barre defends his right, and says that the wood be- 
longs to the two hides which he holds in Barre, and 
not to the aforesaid hide in Hunesworthe, and that 
Willelmus de Paries and Alicia never were seized of 
the said wood nor had recovered it by the aforesaid 
duel. The day given them to hear judgment was on 
the 2 2d of October following. 

HARLESTON. 

"This place," according to the Staffordshire Histor- 
ical Collections, " was subject to the Honour of 
Chester before the accession of Henry H. Between 
the years 11 54 and 1157 Matilda Countess Dowager 
of Chester " (daughter of Robert, Earl of Gloucester), 



384 STAFFORDSHIRE. 

"havine Harlaston in dower, enfeoffed Walter de 
Vernon in the same." 

In II Henry 11.(1164-65) the sheriff renders ac- 
count of 4^-. dd. rent of Harlaston. 

Richard de Vernon, ist, was fined in 22 Henry H. 
(1175-76) in Staffordshire. He married, probably 
late in the reign of Henry H. or early in that of 
Richard I., one of the heiresses of William de Avenell, 
of Haddon, County Derby. 

In 5 Richard I. (1193-94) there is a record that he 
had previously held Harlaston, and had forfeited it, as 
we learn from the account which Hugo Pipard ren- 
ders for this year of Harlaston, who states that there 
is \os. rent of the land of Ricardus de Vernon for half 
a year, and 13^-. A^d. for cattle sold there. 

In 7 Richard I. (1195-96) Richard de Vernon's 
Harlaston estate was still in the king's hands; but in 
the eighth year of the same king (i 195-96) Richard 
de Vernon makes a proffer for twenty librates of land, 
as we infer for the reversal of his sentence. In the 
following year he owes 20/. for twenty librates of land, 
and pays during the year the half of his fine. And, 
as Harlaston was no longer an escheat, it probably 
constituted the twenty librates of land which he re- 
gained. In the second year of King John (i 200-1) 
he pays into the treasury the last 47^-. for the twenty 
librates of land, and he is quit. 

William de Vernon, the son of Richard de Vernon, 
ist, in the second year of the reign of King Henry 



STAFFORDSHIRE. 385 

III. (12 1 7-18), annexed to his liberty three hides in 
Harlaston, which was a damage to the king of <^s. per 
annum. 

He was justiciary of Chester in the time of Ra- 
nulph, earl of that county, and seems to have suc- 
ceeded Philip de Orreby in the year 1229, holding 
the ofiBce until the year 1232. He left two sons, 
Richard and Robert. 

Richard de Vernon, 2d, is mentioned as Lord of 
Harlaston in the thirty-ninth and fortieth regnal years 
of King Henry HI. (1254-56). About this time there 
is a verdict of twelve jurors of the hundred of OfHow, 
who say upon their oath that Ricardus de Vernon 
holds Harlaeston of the Earl of Derby, by the service 
of one knight's fee ; and he holds plea at his court of 
Erlaeston of everything except " namine vetito," and 
he has view of frankpledge without cognizance of 
the sheriff, but it is not known by what warrant. 

His inheritance seems to have gone to Hawise, the 
daughter of his brother, Robert de Vernon, married 
to Gilbert le Fraunceys, who became Lord of Harles- 
ton at a later period. 

Gilbert le Fraunceys was succeeded as Lord of 
Harlaston by his son Richard de Vernon, 3d, of whom 
there is a record as holding that place in the year 
1283. 

A.D. i2 79[-8o]. — Litterae Communes to the dean 
of Tamworth concerning the will of Gilbert le Frau7i- 
ceys. Dated at Wlstaneston, 16 Cal. Aug. 



386 STAFFORDSHIRE. 

i6 Edward 1.(1287-88). — An assize, etc., if Adam 
Mauvaslet, the father of Richard Mauvaslet, was 
seized in fee, etc., of a messuage and a virgate of land 
in Herlaweston when he died, which Richard de Ver- 
nun, 3d, holds, who stated that Richard Mauvaslet 
could have no claim to the tenements because he had 
released all his right in them to Gilbert [Fraunceys], 
his father, and he produced the deed. Verdict for 
Richard de Vernun. 

A.D. 1287-89. — Richard Mauvaslet appeared against 
Richard de Vernun, 3d, in a plea that he should carry 
out the terms of a convention made between him and 
Gilbert le Fratinceys, the father of the said Richard 
de Vernun, 3d, whose heir he is, respecting a toft 
and forty acres of land in Horlaveston. Richard de 
Vernun did not appear, and the sheriff is ordered to 
distrain and produce him in a month from Easter. 

LICHFIELD CITY. 

This city is locally in Ofiflow hundred. 

A.D. 1252. — Mandate to the precentor and John 
Francigena, canon of Lichfield, to cause Peter, Arch- 
deacon of Salop, to be received by the dean and chap- 
ter of Hereford as canon, and inducted to the pre- 
bend conferred on him by the Bishop of Ostia and 
Velletri. Dated at Perugia, in June. 

At Hilary, 1299, Richard de Duddelegh sued Wal- 
ter le Fraunceys and Isolda, his wife, and Joan and 



STAFFORDSHIRE. 387 

Cristiana, sisters of Isolda, for two acres in Lyche- 
feld as his right and inheritance. The defendants did 
not appear; and the sheriff was ordered to take the 
land claimed into the king's hand, and to summon 
them for the morrow of Saint John the Baptist. 

LITTLE BARR. 

In 1 185, among the tenants of Gervase Paganel, 
was Robert de Barra, whose name appears again in 
October, 1208, when he acknowledged a carucate in 
Barr to be the right of Richard fitz Henry, who was 
to hold of Robert and his heirs. Robert de Barr was 
dead before the following December ; for a fine was 
levied on Monday next after the feast of Saint An- 
drew, in the same year, by which William de Barr ac- 
knowledged two hides of land in Little Barr to be the 
right of Alan Franceis, who remitted and quitclaimed 
it for himself and his heirs to William de Ardern, of 
Hamton, and his heirs forever, and the said William 
de Ardern granted it to the aforesaid William de 
Barr and his heirs forever, William de Ardern to 
hold him harmless toward the chief lord for the ser- 
vice which is due for the land in question. 

MAVESYN RIDWARE. 

In 1258 a covenant was made between Robertus 
Mauvsyn, on one part, and Rogerus de Crane, on the 



388 STAFFORDSHIRE. 

other, by which the said Robertus demised and let to 
the said Rogerus all his land in Magna Casterton, 
with rents, escheats, reliefs, and homages, with all 
appurtenances, except the dower of Lady Matilda, 
mother of the said Robertus, and the dower of 
Alicia, his brother's wife; to hold, etc., rendering 
therefore yearly 40^-. sterling, etc., for all service, ex- 
cepting four suits ; namely, two to the wapentake and 
two to the hundred (with warranty). Testibus, dom- 
ino Radulfo de Normanvile, domino Th. fratre suo, 
Radulfo de Semiam, Willelmo de Franco, Roberto de 
Sunderlond, et multis aliis. 



TYMMORE. 

This was an ancient manor on the right side of the 
road between Whittington and Elford, opposite to 
Fisherwick Park. 

Ranulf held Tymmore at Domesday survey, being 
two carucates. About the time of Henry I., Simon 
Clericus de Lichfield (Simon le Sage) was lord 
thereof. He had issue Petronella, his daughter and 
heir, who married Goddard de Timmore, who had 
issue William, who was lord thereof. 

This Petronella, in her widowhood, granted to 
William de Vernun the mill of Tymore and meadow 
of Goseholm. 

In 25 Henry HI. (1241) is a covenant between 
William de Vernon and William de Tymor, by which 



STAFFORDSHIRE. 389 

the latter let to William de Vernon his part of Gose- 
holm, for twenty years, for looi". 

In 41 Henry III. (1256) William de Tymor let the 
same to Richard de Vernon (2d) for nineteen years, 
for 3 marks of silver and one robe. 

In 4 Edward I. (1276) Hugh de Tymor let to Gil- 
bert le Franceys his part of Goseholm for ten years at 
333". dfd. Testibus, domino Petro de Ardern, Andrea 
Selvayn, Thoma de Thamenhorn, Rogero de Cumber- 
ford, etc. 

PIREHILL HUNDRED. 

HIXON. 

A.D. 1239. — At the Placita apud St. Brigadam 
Londonii, at the term of Holy Trinity, in the twenty- 
third year of the reign of King Henry III., Henry 
Blund sued Geoffrey de Greseleg for deforcing him 
of common of pasture in Kingeston, belonging to his 
free tenement in Huthesdon ; and Geoffrey did not 
appear, and was attached by Gilbert de Morton and 
Geoffrey le Franceis, He is therefore to be attached 
by better sureties to appear at the same term. 



NEWCASTLE UNDER LYME. 

In 1 1 99 Robertus Francus de Novo Castello was 
amerced half a mark for selling wine against the 
assize. 



39° 



STAFFORDSHIRE. 



Petrus, serviens of Robertus Francus, and Williel- 
mus filius Adamae were amerced half a mark as 
above. 

SANDON. 

At the pleas at Westminster at Michaehnas term, 
\2^'x>-^Joh7i le Fraunceys appeared against Robert, son 
of Robert de Mulewitz, and Thomas, his brother, in a 
plea that they, together with their father Robert, had 
taken ten cartloads of turf from his moor in Sandon. 
The defendants did not appear, and are to be attached 
by better sureties to appear on the morrow of the 
Purification. 

TIRLEY CASTLE. 

At the assizes of 1256 William de Goldstan with- 
drew his prosecution against Ralph de Butiller and 
his wife, Matilda, who had disseised him of common 
of pasture in Tyrlegh. His sureties de prosequendo 
were William fitz Hugh and T/ioinas Ic Franceis, both 
of Seworthyn. 

A.D. 1275. Trinity term. — Richard de London 
appeared against Philip de Arcy, John Devereus, 
Vivian de Standon, Hugh de Dutton, Walter Dev- 
ereus, John Pauncefot, Robert de Somerville, William 
Fraunceys, William de Mortymer, Nicholas de Hugge- 
ford, and thirty-seven others named for beating and 
ill-treating and imprisoning him at Thirlegh vi et 
armis, and for which he claimed 20/. as damages. 



STAFFORDSHIRE. 391 

None of the defendants appear, and the sheriff is or- 
dered to distrain them, and produce them at Michael- 
mas term. 



SEISDON HUNDRED. 

AMBLECOAT. 

A.D. 1270. — At the pleas at Westminster, in the oc- 
taves of Holy Trinity, in the fifty-fourth year of the 
reign of King Henry HI., before M. de Litlebiri and 
others, Thomas, son of Hiigh le Fraunceys, of Amele- 
cote, sued Ingeran, son of Laurence de Amelecote> 
for a messuage and two acres and a half of land in 
Amelecote. Ingeran did not appear, and is to be 
summoned in a month after Michaelmas and the 
land to be taken into the king's hands. 

A.D. 1272. — At the pleas at Westminster, in the oc- 
taves of Saint Hilary, in the fifty-sixth year of the 
reign of King Henry HI., Thomas, son of Hugh le 
Fratmceys, of Amelecote, sued Ingeran, son of Lau- 
rence de Amelecote, for a messuage and two acres 
and a half of land in Amelecote, in which he had no 
entry except by a disseisin unjustly made by Lau- 
rence of one John le fevre (the smith), of Amelecote, 
the grandfather of Thomas, whose heir he is. In- 
geran appeared, and called to warranty William de 
Stafford, who appeared to the summons, and war- 
ranted the tenement to him, and stated that Laurence 



392 



STAFFORDSHIRE. 



had entry into the land by a feoffment made by one 
Cecilia de Stafford, who put him into seisin of it, and 
he appealed to a jury. The sheriff is ordered to sum- 
mon a jury in the county and return the inquisition 
into the court at the octaves of Saint John the 
Baptist. 

A.D. 1272. — At the Placita de Juratis et Assisis at 
Lichefeld, in this county, on the morrow of Holy 
Trinity, in the fifty-sixth year of the reign of King 
Henry HI., before R. de Hengham and his associ- 
ates, justices, Thomas, son of Hugh le Franceys of 
Amelecote, sued Ingeran, son of Laurence de Amele- 
cote, for a messuage and two acres and a half in 
Amelecote, in which the said Ingeran had no entry 
except by a disseisin which Laurence de Amelecote 
had unjustly made of John le Fevre, of Amelecote, 
the grandfather of Thomas, whose heir he is. 

Ingeran appeared, and called to warranty William 
de Stafford, who came, and warranted the tenement 
to him, and stated that Laurence had never disseized 
John le Fevre, the grandfather, and that the said 
John le Fevre, who formerly held the tenement of 
Cecilia de Stafford, appeared in full court of the said 
Cecilia, and surrendered the tenement, and Cecilia 
had enfeoffed the said Laurence. The jury state 
that Laurence had unjustly disseized the said John 
le Fevre, the grandfather of Thomas ; and it is there- 
fore considered that Thomas should recover seisin, 
and William de Stafford should make to Ingeran 
an exchange of equal value. 



STAFFORDSHIRE. 393 

ROWLEY. 

A.D. 1266. — At the pleas before the lord the king, 
in the octaves of Saint Michael, in the fiftieth year of 
the reign of King Henry III., Edith, the widow of 
Philip le Symple, appeared against Richard le Jovene 
of Adilbroke, Michael de Kant, Davet de Kantia, and 
Richard le Franceis, for coming vi et armis to her 
house in Rouley, breaking it open, and taking her 
goods and chattels to the value of 20 marks. The 
defendants did not appear, and are to be attached 
for the octaves of Hilary. 

By a final concord of the thirty-fourth year of the 
reign of King Edward I. (1305-6) Roger Fraunccs 
and Margeria, his wife, had by grant from Stephen, 
son of Nicholas de Sondon, and Edith, his wife, one 
messuage, one toft, twenty acres, and half a virgate of 
land in Salt and Rugelowe by Stafford, which be- 
longed to the said Edith, to hold of Stephen and his 
wife Edith, rendering a rose yearly, and performing to 
the chief lord of the fee for them, the said Stephen 
and Edith, the services appertaining to the fee ; but, 
if the said Roger died without issue by the said Mar- 
gery, then the fee was to revert to the grantors. 

WOLVERHAMPTON. 

In 23 Edward I. (1294-95) Magister John de Ca- 
damo, prebendary of the free chapel of the king in 



394 



STAFFORDSHIRE. 



Wolverhampton, appeared against Richard de Ros- 
sale, Reginald Frauiiccys, Felicia Frainueys, WilHam, 
son of John del Pipe, Agnes, formerly wife of John 
del Pipe, John in the Lane, and others named, in a 
plea that they should appear before a jury to deter- 
mine whether nine acres and a rood and a half of 
land in Wolverhampton held by them was free alms 
belonging to his prebend or the lay fee of the said 
Richard and others. They did not appear, and are 
to be attached for the quindene of Hilary. 

At a later date there is a record of Richard, son of 
Reginald Fraiinceys, of Wolverhampton. 



TOTMONSLOW HUNDRED. 

At the Placita Coronae held at Lichfield, on the day 
of Saint Michael, 1199, the jurors of the hundred of 
Tatemananeslawe report that RobcrHis Francus and 
others, vintners of Stanford, sold wine against the 
assize ; and therefore they are in misericordia. 

In 5 John (1203-4) Robcrtus Franceis had sold 
wine against the assize. 

CHEADLE. 

According to the Subsidy Roll of 1327, to meet 
the expenses of the Scotch war, Ricardus le Frensche, 
of Chelde, paid 35'. 3(7^. as his share. This levy was 
the twentieth part of all movable goods. 



SUFFOLK. 



GENERAL. 



A.D. 1 194, November 6. — The clay is given to Ra- 
dulphus Gernun and Willelmus le Franceis, in fifteen 
days of Easter, for a pleading at Westminster before 
the lord the archbishop. 

A.D. 1 1 94, November 12. — Countess (of Norfolk) 
Gundreda essoins herself de malo veniendi by Fran- 
ceis and by Willielmus de Cerston in a placitum terrse 
versus Warinus de Basham. 

A.D. 1 199, May 9. — Willielmus filius Edwardi es- 
soins himself by Ricardus Franceis in a placitum 
terrae versus the prior of Norwich. 

A.D. 1 199, June 14. — Willielmus de Hastinges es- 
soins himself in a plea against Estmundus de Wine- 
badesham by Robertus Siment and Willielmus 
Franceis. 

A.D. 1 200, April. — At the pleas in fifteen days after 
Easter the prior of Thefford (Thetford, in Norfolk) 
appears, on the fourth day, against Gaufridus de Am- 
blie, Ricardus Pigace, Willielmus Fraiiceis, and Ran- 
nulphus, a man of Gaufridus, in a placitum intrusionis 
et vis illate ; and they did not come, but were repre- 



396 SUFFOLK. 

sented by pledges. A day was given in fifteen days 
after Easter, but they did not appear. Therefore, they 
were attached to be present for answering in the oc- 
taves of Holy Trinity. The prior was represented by 
Thomas de Thameston. 

A.D. 1226-27. — Michael de Polsted appointed Wal- 
teriis le Frauccys his attorney in a plea against Johan- 
nes de Reydon concerning a debt of 18 marks. 



BABERGH HUNDRED. 

At an inquisition held in the third year of the 
reign of King Edward I. (1274-75) the jurors said 
that Walterus le Wylde, bailiff of this hundred, had 
charged Gilbertiis Ic Frcynscc with sheltering the son, 
whom he accused for freebooting, when he was quiet 
at home, and good and faithful ; and the said Wal- 
terus took one cow worth 7^., and still retains her. 



BLYTHING HUNDRED. 

HUNTINGFIELD. 

A.D. 1257-83. — To all the sons of the Holy Mother 
Church to whose attention this present writing shall 
come, Willelmus de Huntingfeld, knight, greeting in 
the Lord. Know ye that I have given and granted 



SUFFOLK. 397 

for me and my heirs to Willelmus le Gardener, for his 
fideUty and lo marks sterling beforehand, Thomas, 
son of Reginaldus le Gardener, formerly my " nati- 
vus," with all his tenement, cattle, and goods, mova- 
ble and immovable. And, that Thomas and all his 
family shall be free and quit of all serfdom, I have 
manumitted them before several persons, so that the 
said Thomas, with all his family, may be held free 
from all serfdom to me and my heirs to the said Wil- 
Helmus; so that neither I nor any of my heirs or as- 
signs can have any claim on this Thomas or his 
family or his cattle and goods, movable and immova- 
ble, or on his tenement. And I, the aforesaid Will- 
ielmus de Huntingfeld, and my heirs, will warrant 
forever to the said Willielmus that the aforesaid 
Thomas, son of Reginaldus le Gardener, with all his 
family, his tenement, cattle, and goods, movable and 
immovable, may be free and quit of all serfdom. 
And, that this my donation and grant may be firm 
and obtain strength, I have placed my seal to this my 
present writing. Hiis testibus. Domino Philippo de 
Heveningham, Johanne de Huntingfeld, Roberto de 
Ubbeston, Willielmo de Cokeleye, Johanne de Bo- 
mund, Johanne de Derneford, Stephano de Wynd- 
ermle, Thoma le Fraunceys, Adam de Rendham, 
Johanne de la Mere, Waltero de Alderhegs, Simone 
nepote, magistro Simone filio suo, Humfrido de 
Batesford, et aliis militibus. 



39S SUFFOLK. 

COSFORD HUNDRED. 

HADLEIGH. 

13th century. — Grant by Philip Basset to Lady 
Lora de Ros of a market in the town of Haddele, 
which had been annulled or put down according to 
the law and custom of England, on the presentment 
of Sir Nicholas de Turry and his fellows, justices 
itinerant, at Catteshull, Suffolk, in the fifty-third year 
of the reign of King Henry III. (1268-69), for her life, 
with remainders to Sir Robert Kokerel and Joan, his 
wife, daughter and heiress of the said Lora, and the 
heirs of the said Lora. Witnesses, Sir Adam de 
Bedingfeud, Sir Robert de Bosco, Sir RicJiard le 
Fra2cnceis, Sir Richard de Holebrok, Sir Thomas de 
Welaund, knights, and others. 



IPSWICH LIBERTY. 

IPSWICH. 

4 Edward I. (1275-76). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Thomas Froysh against Agatha, late wife of Reginald 
Fraunceys, and others, touching a tenement in the 
suburb of Ipswich. 



SUFFOLK. 399 

LACKFORD HUNDRED. 

MILDENHALL. 

A.D. 1 28 1, at Easter. — Enrolling of a charter of 
Robertus Fraunceys made to Johannes Limecot and 
his heirs of certain land and tenement which Johannes 
holds of him in Myldhalle, with homage, fealty, and 
day's work, for a rent of 28^-. 

LOES HUNDRED. 

BRANDESTON. 

A.D. 1 199, October 27. — The assisa de morte 
antecessoris between Brianus filius Beroldi, plaintiff, 
and Robertus Prepositus, concerning eight acres of 
land, with appurtenances, in Brandeston, is postponed 
until the octaves of Saint Hilary, owing to the absence 
of Hugo de Calne, Ricardus Puher (who essoined 
themselves), and Willielmus filius Vitalis, Robertus 
de Futipo, and Ranimlphus Franceis^ who were at- 
tached to be present at the aforesaid time. 



LOTHINGLAND AND MUTFORD HUNDRED. 

At the inquisition made on the command of King 
Edward I., in the third year of his reign (1274-75), the 



400 



SUFFOLK. 



jurors of Luthyngelond said that Rogerus de Colvill, 
when he was sheriff, took chattel for his services, and 
so did his deputies, among whom was TJiomas le 
Fraiiccys. 

They also said that after the demise of Rogerus 
Danbere and Margaret, his wife, as well as Eylmer, 
father of the said Margaret, Alicia, relict of TJiomas 
Fraiiuceis, holds half an acre, giving the names of 
four other holders, all of which render no service. 



HOPTON. 

At an inquisition made in the third year of the 
reign of King Edward I. (1274-75) the jurors said 
that Henricus Horsesdekene formerly held in capite 
of the king eight acres of land in Hopeton for a 
yearly rent of 5^. JoJianncs le Franccis holds it now, 
o-ivino; to the kino- the same rental. He has himself 
four acres, while the remainder is held of him by 
others. 



RISBRIDGE HUNDRED. 

CLARE. 

According to Dugdale, it appears that Gilbert Fitz- 
Richard, Lord of Clare, founded the priory at Clare 
in 1090. In circa 11 16 he was succeeded by his son 
Richard as Lord of Clare, who in 11 24 removed the 



SUFFOLK. 401 

monks of Bee from the Chureh of St. John the Bap- 
tist in the castle of Clare to the village of Stoke, near 
by in this county, between which dates he gave the 
church of Denham to the priory of St. John of Clare. 
Among the witnesses to this grant were Albertus 
Francigejta and Willielmus de Bascetvilla. 



MOULTON. 

A.D, 1224. — Adam de Muleton gives half a mark 
for summoning Robertas Le Fraiiceis and Leticia, his 
wife, before the justices in a month from Easter, to 
restore to him certain land in Muleton. And the 
sheriff of Suffolk is commanded to take, etc. Teste 
Rege, at Deseninges, on the fifth day of April. 



THEDWESTRY HUNDRED. 

TIMWORT. 

9 Edward 1.(1280-81). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of mort d'ancestor arraigned 
by Hervey Fyn against Adam le Fraunceis, touching 
land in Tymworth. 



402 SUFFOLK. 

THINGOE HUNDRED. 

HORNINGSHEATH. 

7 Edward 1.(1278-79). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Hermer, son of Radulph del Pont, of Eylesham, 
against Robert Ic Fraitiiccys, touching a tenement in 
Heruynggeshert. 

9 Edward 1.(1280-81). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize arraigned by Robert Fratinceis 
against Hermer del Brigge, touching a tenement in 
Horningesherte. 

REED. 

In the fourteenth year of the reign of Edward I. 
(1285-86) Henry Fraiiuceys held a messuage and fifty- 
four acres of land, three acres of meadow, and two 
acres of wood in Rede, of Walter de Wancey, and 
Walter of William de Wancey, and he of the abbot of 
St. Edmund's. 

The followintr charter is of the time of Walter de 
Wancy, and is probably of an earlier date than the 
preceding notice : — 

Be it known to all, as well those present as those to 
come, that I, Willelmus, son of Joudewin de Mane- 
stun', have granted, and by this my present charter 
have confirmed, for the welfare of my soul and those 



SUFFOLK. 403 

of my ancestors and successors, to God, St. Ed- 
mund's, and Walterus de Wancy and his heirs, to 
hold of the altar of St. Edmund, all the tenements, 
with appurtenances, which my father gave to St. 
Edmund and this Walterus and his heirs, to be held 
of St. Edmund's in pure and perpetual alms ; namely, 
the whole grove which belonged to the said Joude- 
win, my father, in the vill of Rede, and the whole 
fee in which this grove is located, with all the 
homage, service, and fee of Adam, son of Willelmus 
le Fratiuceys, besides three acres of arable land in 
Wluelegle adjoining the wood of Petrus de Brocke- 
legh'. To have and to hold to the aforesaid Walterus 
and his heirs of St. Edmund's, freely, quietly, and 
honorably, rendering yearly for the same to the altar 
of St. Edmund, in the octaves of Saint Edmund, 
8^. for all services, customs, and exactions. Reserv- 
ing for myself and my heirs the right to receive of the 
aforesaid Walterus and his heirs \2d. at a scutate of 
20^., and more when the scutage is increased, less 
when it is diminished. And I and my heirs will war- 
rant the aforesaid tenements, with all their appurte- 
nances, against all men and women, to St. Edmund's 
and the above said Walterus de Waunci. Hiis testi- 
bus, Willelmo de Gretingham. 



404 SUFFOLK. 

WILFORD HUNDRED. 

SUTTON. 

On the morrow of Saint Andrew, in the twenty- 
eighth year of the reign of King Henry II. (i 182), 
a final concord was made in the King's Court at 
Westminster between Michael filius Ogeri and Sarra, 
his wife, on one part, and Ogerus filius Ogeri and 
Amia, his wife, on the other part, in regard to the 
land of Willelmus de Shelflega, the father of Sarra 
and Amia, in Sutton, in Suffolk, besides rent in Sil- 
veston, land in Schelfiega, Walton, and Lachebroch, 
with the reservation that Ogerus and Amia should 
retain the land of Schelflega, Walton, and Lache- 
broch, with all the appurtenances, 'for the payment of 
certain debts due by her father, among which was 10 
marks which he owed Willehmis le Franceis. 




SURREY. 



GENERAL. 

At the pleas in the King's Court on the 27th of 
October, 11 94, Willielmus le Franceis withdrew his 
suit against Rogerus le Franceis concerning the 
breaking of the king's peace. 

At the pleas in the King's Court in three weeks of 
Easter, 9th of May, 1199, Rogerus filius Edwardi, 
who was absent from the great assize in the suit be- 
tween Henricus and Walterus de Wenleswurth, es- 
soined himself by Robertus Franceis. 

At the pleas in the King's Court in the octaves of 
Holy Trinity, 11 99, Ricardus de Godesfeld' essoined 
himself by Ricardus Franceis in a placitum terrae 
versus Willielmus de Lund' and Roesia, his wife. 

A.D. 1200, May 14. — The assisa de morte anteces- 
soris between Simon de Boresworth, plaintiff, and 
Gilbertus de Heddon, defendant, touching forty acres 
of land and a messuage with appurtenances in 
Funnes', is placed in respite until the arrival of the 
justices, because Gilbertus de Heure, Rogerus Fran- 
ceis, and others did not come. 

Under the heading of Surrey the Calendar of Pa- 



4o6 SURREY. 

tent Rolls of the eighth year of the reign of King 
Edward I. (1279-80) gives the appointment of two 
justices to take the assize of mort d'ancestor arraigned 
by John, son of John le Fi-anuccis, against Matilda, 
daughter of John de Stocton, and others, touching 
possessions in Elesham. 



BRIXTON HUNDRED. 

PECKHAM AND CAMBERWELL. 

In an account of the taxation of the fifteenth 
granted by the laity to King Edward III. in the 
sixth year of his reign (1332), under the heading of 
Pech'm and Camvelle, is found that Nicholas le ffrensh 
paid 1 2d. 

SOUTHWARK. 

A.D. 1295. — Willielmits Fraiiuccys was a manucap- 
tor of Ricardus le Clerk, one of the burgesses elected 
for Southwark to attend the Parliament at Westmin- 
ster on the Sunday next after the feast of Saint 
Michael (13th of November), which was prorogued to 
the Sunday next before the feast of Saint Andrew 
(27th of November), 1295. 



SURRE Y. 407 

GODLEY HUNDRED. 

BYFLEET. 

Geoffry de Lucy held half a knight's fee here of 
the Abbey of Chertsey in the time of Henry III. 
In the fifty-first year of that reign, 1267, he im- 
pleaded John, son of Roger Ic Frainiceys, and others, 
for forcibly entering his park and warren at Byflete, 
and taking away the deer, horses, and other cattle. 



KINGSTON HUNDRED. 

TALWORTH. 

In 1327 an extent was taken of the manor of Tal- 
worth with its members of Turberville and Wyke, 
which the king held in his own seisin as members 
belonging to the demesne of the manor of Talworth. 
The jurors say that they do not know of whom the 
site of this manor is held ; that one acre and one 
rood of meadow, formerly held by Peter Baldwyne, 
which are in demesne, are held of John Tolye, rent 
\d.\ a toft and three acres, formerly held by William 
le Frenche, now in demesne, are held of the said John 
by scutage when levied, and paying annually to Alice 
le Frenche ']s. for her life. 



4o8 SURREY. 

REIGATE HUNDRED. 

FRENCHES. 

Roger le Fraunccys is found among the witnesses 
to a charter dated at London on the morrow of the 
Epiphany, in the thirty-eighth year of the reign of 
King Henry III. (1254), by which John de Warenne 
first, Earl of Surrey, conveys to John, son of Adrian 
de London, for his homage and service, the whole 
land of Brocham (Brockham) in Reigate hundred, 
with all its appurtenances, and a verge of land in 
Estbecheworth (East Betchworth), in same hundred, 
with its appurtenances. 

Circumstantial evidence indicates that this Roger 
le Fraujieeys was a tenant of the Earls of Surrey, 
holding probably the mansion which was afterwards 
called Frenches, which mansion belonged to Reigate, 
the caput of their barony in this county. Frenches 
was located in the hamlet of Wiggey, in the parish of 
Reigate. 

Charter of John de Warenne, Earl of Surrey, Sus- 
sex, and Warenne, Baron of Lewes, Reigate, etc. : — 

A.D. 1254. — "Know those present and those to 
come that I, John de Warenne, have granted, and 
by this my present deed have confirmed, to John, son 
of Adrian de London, for his homage and service, the 
whole land of Brocham, with all its appurtenances, 
and a verge of land in Estbecheworth, which was for- 



SURREY, 409 

merly Adam le Brabezun's, with all its appurtenances ; 
namely, in pastures, in meadows, in mills, in waters 
and pools, in free tenants and their services, in vil- 
leins and their services, and customs of men and 
women, in wood and plain, and all that belongs to 
the aforesaid land of Brocham and to the aforesaid 
verge of land, as the deeds of William de Warenne, 
my father, concerning both the lands, — namely, of 
Brocham and the aforesaid verge, — do better and more 
fully show. To have and to hold to the said John 
and his heirs, freely, quietly, peaceably, and honor- 
ably, in fee and inheritance, paying to me and my 
heirs 60^. sterling yearly for the land of Brocham, 
and certain gloves furred with gris or \od. for the 
verge of land in Estbecheworth ; payable at three 
terms of the year, — namely, at the Purification of the 
Blessed Mary, 20s. ; at Pentecost, 20^-. ; and at the 
feast of Saint Michael, 20^. and the gloves furred 
with gris or Apd., for all services and customs and all 
suits and demands. And, for this grant and for the 
confirmation of this my present deed, the aforesaid 
John has given me 20/. sterling. And, because I will 
that this my grant and confirmation shall be good 
in law and durable, I have strengthened the present 
deed with the appending of my seal. These being 
witnesses : Sir Henry de la Mare, Sir John de Wan- 
thon, Sir Peter de Anesye, Sir John de Abernun, Sir 
Peter de Marevile, William de Stutevil ; Ralph Clerk 
of Eccleshal at that time seneschal, Thomas Cok, 



41 o SURREY. 

Philip Talecurteys, Gilbert de Colleh, Roger Ic Fraun- 
ceys, John de la Hale, Robert Bonet, William de la 
Hambrach, Robert de Weston, Robert de la Dune, 
and others. Given at London on the morrow of the 
Epiphany, in the thirty-eighth year of the reign of 
King Henry, son of King John." 



TANDRIDGE HUNDRED. 

TANDRIDGE PRIORY. 

Upon the resignation of Prior John de Merstham, 
in 1380, Richard French was elected as his successor; 
but, on the 8th of May following, a commission to 
inquire into the regularity of the election was issued. 
However, he died when holding the office, on the 9th 
of December, 1403. 



WALLINGTON HUNDRED. 

CHEAM. 

A.D. 1 31 6. — John le Frcnsh, of Westchayham, ac- 
knowledges that he owes to the prior of Christchurch, 
Canterbury, 30/., to be levied, in default of payment, 
of his lands and chattels in the county of Surrey. 
Dated at Westminster, on the 27th of May. 



SURREY, 411 

WOKING HUNDRED. 
HORSLEY. 

This place was the Horslei or Orselei of the time 
of King WilHam I., and was then located in the hun- 
dred of Wochinges. According to the Domesday 
survey there were here two crown tenants. One of 
them was Archbishop Lanfrancus or Lanfranc, for- 
merly abbot of Caen in Normandy, who held for the 
see of Canterbury, in Horslei, three hides and one vir- 
gate and a half; but no names are given for his 
under-tenants. The other tenant in capite holding 
possessions in Orselei was Goisfridus de Mannevile, 
whose under-tenant was Walterus filius Otherii, who 
held of him eight hides of land. 

The following record gives the earliest of the very 
few pedigrees of the surname of Franceis to be found 
in this volume. It is a convincing proof of the early 
settlement of this family of Franceis in England. 
Bernardus le Franceis, the progenitor of this family, 
appears to have held land in Horslee as early, at 
least, as the time of King Henry I. 

At the pleas held at the King's Court, between 
September, 11 94, and April, 1199, Walterus, son of 
Hanio {le Franceis), claimed against Radulphus, son 
of Johannes {le Franceis), one hide of land with its 
appurtenances in Horslee, as his right and inheri- 
tance, which Bernardus le Franceis, his great-grand- 



412 SURREY. 

father, held in seisin as of fee in the time of King 
Henry (I.) on the day and year he died. After him 
Osmmidus, son of this Bernardns, held it, and after 
Osmundus it should descend to Haino, Walkers 
father, for taking the profits which were valued at 
lo^. and more; and Walter offered to prove by 
Robertus de Bretton' that it was the lawful right of 
his father. And Robertus de Bretton' said that Os- 
miindtis and Johannes were brothers ; namely, sons of 
Bernardiis. Osmnndus was the first born, Jo/mjines 
was the younger; and, owing to the inability of Os- 
nuindns, Johannes took possession of his inheritance 
by a grant of the lords of the fee, to whom Johannes 
made service. Radnlphus came, and defended his 
right. He admitted the seisin of Osmundns, and 
he acknowledged that Osmnndus and Johannes were 
brothers; hui Johannes had purchased the land and 
held it as his purchase for service to the chief lord in 
the year and day when Henry, ancestor of the present 
king (Richard I.), died. And all the days of his reign 
the said Johannes had seisin of this land, and after 
him Radnlphus, his son, who places himself under the 
o;reat assize, and beiis that an examination be made 
as to who has the more right to this land. So the day 
is given in fifteen days of the feast of Saint John for 
hearing the report and judgment, and they have leave 
to agree. 



SURREY, 413 

WORPLESDON. 

In this parish, near Guildford, is an estate called 
Fraunceys or Frenches, and sometimes styled a 
manor. In the year 1290 Willelmtis le Fraunceys, o{ 
Worplesdon, granted to Agnes de la Hurst his tene- 
ment, which Robertus de la Hurst, her father, for- 
merly held of him in villa de Teresworth apud la 
Hurst, at the rent of 3^-. "jd. a year, saving to Wili- 
elmus and his heirs suit of court and reliefs, and to 
the lords of Burpham their accustomed services from 
the said tenement, and the king's service as far as be- 
longs to free land of the same fee. 

This was an early period in the anglicization of sur- 
names, wherein we find many instances of the change 
of the name of Franceis to French; and, althoup-h the 
writer has found no pedigree of the descent from this 
Willelmtis le Fraunceys, it may be inferred that 
Richard le French, of this place, found in the following 
record, was a descendant of this family of Fraunceys. 

In the twenty-third year of the reign of King 
Edward III., 1349-50, Richard le Fre7ich held in this 
place the third part of a knight's fee of Thomas Sey- 
mer, the mesne tenant of the late Hugh de Audeley, 
Earl of Gloucester. 

On the south-western bounds of this hundred is 
the hundred of Farnham. On its western Hampshire 
boundary is the parish of Frenshani, another reminder 
of the early location of the surname of French in this 



414 SURREY. 

county. The manor of Frcnsham seems to have been 
held in the years 1325-26 by John Bel, of Fermesham, 
and was then called FrcusJiam Beak. 



WOTTON HUNDRED. 

OCKLEY. 

A.D. 1328. — Thomas de Rokenham grants, by a 
charter dated on the Tuesday of the Feast of Saint 
Luke the Evangelist, in the second year of the reign 
of King Edward III., to Robcrtus Ic FrcnscJie, junior, 
of Ockelegh, a small portion of land in that place. 

A.D. 1338. — Robertas ic Frcnssh, junior, grants, by 
a charter dated on Sunday next after the Assumption 
of the Virgin, in the twelfth year of the reign of King 
Edward III., to Robert, his father, the third part of a 
messuage in Ockelegh for a yearly rent of one rose. 



WOTTON. 

A.D. 1355. — Alicia, daughter of Adam atte Rugge, 
quitclaims by a charter dated on the 7th of June, in 
the twenty-ninth year of the reign of King Edward 
III., to Thomas le Frensche, of Wodeton, land in 
Wodeton and Ochlegh, in this county. Witnesses, 
Willelmus de Newdegate, Willelmus de Pynkehurst, 
Adam Waleys, and others. 



SURREY. 415 

A.D. 1356. — Thomas Ic Frcjishc grants, by a charter 
to Johannes de Newtymbre and Isabella, his wife, a 
messuage in Okwode (Oakwood), in the parish of 
Wodeton. Dated on Thursday in the Feast of Saint 
Dunstan, in the thirtieth year of the reign of King 
Edward III. Witnesses, Willelmus de Pynkehurst, 
Ricardus de Assehurst, Philipus le FuUere, Robertus 
atte Hale, and others. 

A.D. 1373. — Thomas le Frenshc is among the wit- 
nesses to a charter of the 12th of November, 47 Ed- 
ward III., by which Johannes Gouwyk, of Iwhurst 
(Ewhurst), quitclaims to Margeria, formerly wife of 
Ricardus atte Strode, of Slyndefolde, the chamber at 
Rokenham in which Willelmus Pynkhurst died. 




SUSSEX. 



GENERAL. 

A.D. 1 199, 15th of July. — Thomas de Argentein es- 
soins himself by Rcginald^ts Frauccis in a placitum 
terrae versus Rogerus Cref.' 

A.D. 1222. — The king to his barons of the Ex- 
chequer, greeting. Know ye that we, for two doles 
of wine of Anjou, have pardoned Willelmus Hardel 
and Michael de Wattevill' the amercement of 20s., 
which they were amerced in the county of Sussex on 
account of their replevin for Hcrbcrtiis Ic Franceis, in 
pursuing his claim against W., Earl of Arundel, con- 
cerning a debt of 10 marks which this Herbertus 
claimed against the said earl, by our writ, and which 
claim was not pursued before the justices. Wherefore, 
we command you to acquit the aforesaid Willelmus 
and Michael of the amercement of 20^-.; but we have 
commanded the sheriff of London to take surety of 
them for the said doles of wine. 

A.D. 1244-45. — Willehnus le Fraunceys 2iwdi Juliana, 
his wife, give i mark for having a " pone " from the 
county of Sussex to Westminster; and the sheriff of 
Sussex is commanded, etc. 



S17SS£X. 417 

A.D. 1315. — Robertus le Frensshe was a manucaptor 
of Nicholaus Gentyl, knight, who was summoned to 
meet at the Parliament at Westminster, on the 
twentieth day of January, 13 15. 

A.D. 1331-32. — The king to the sheriff of Sussex, 
greeting. Elena, formerly wife of Robertus le 
Frensshe, has shown that, when in the King's Court 
at Westminster, she recovered her seisin against 
Willelmus Torny of five acres of land with its appur- 
tenances in Wyndelyngton, by the consideration of 
the court, etc. 

A.D. 1341-42. — The name of Nicholaus Frenshe is 
found in Cornilo at this date. 



ARUNDEL RAPE. 

ADRINGTON. 

A.D. 1 29 1 , 2d of February. — License for the alienation 
in mortmain by Ralph le Fraunceys of one acre and a 
half in Aderington to the abbot and convent of St. 
Martin's, Seez. 

BILLINGHURST. 

Pynham, or De Calceto, was a small alien priory of 
Augustine canons in the hamlet of Warningscamp, 
adjoining the parish of Arundel, once a separate 
chapelry, but now a part of the parish of Leominster. 



41 8 ^-^^^^A^ 

The canons of Pynham possessed in Billinghurst 
certain pieces of land called Westerzonfield, Isterzon- 
field, Garstone, and Littlesonfield, and the homage 
and service of Adam de la Fenne, due for the field 
called Puriham, and also an annual rent of 12^., the 
gift of John de Palyngfaud to their church. 

There is another deed referring to the same land, 
by which Robert le Franceys, of Billinghurst, confirms 
it to the same church, adding to the homage and ser- 
vice of Adam de la Fenne those of Dominus Barthol- 
omew, chaplain of Billinghurst, for a field called 
Littleham ; Ralph Rymer, William de la Spiere, Will- 
iam de la Frier, Peter le Wilde, John of the Park, 
Richard Diggenn, Roger le Petewood, William Dram, 
William Hunt, and others attesting the deed. 

For the salvation of himself and his ancestors, Will- 
iam de Arundel, clerk, quitclaimed to his brother 
Stephen, prior, and the canons of Calceto, an annual 
rent of I2«'. which had been given him hy Robert /e 
Franccys, of Billinghurst, and which he had formerly 
received from them, for the land above mentioned. 
This deed was sealed and witnessed by Robert de 
Yelfhang, steward of Arundel ; William and Richard 
Paris, Robert the Baker, William, merchant of Calceto, 
and others. 

SULLINGTON. 

A.D. 1366. — Margaret, second wife of John Covert, 
who held the manor of Sullington, and daughter of 



SC/SSJSX, 419 

Richard Cheslebeach, in her will dated on Friday 
next after the festival of the Epiphany, 1366, made a 
"bequith to William Frcnsh of six withers and one 
mark of silver." 



BRAMBER RAPE. 

A.D. 1 319. — Johan7ies le Frenshe was a manucaptor 
of Rogerus de Bavent, knight, who was summoned to 
meet at the Parliament at York, on the 6th of May, 

1319. 
A.D. 1320. — Johannes le Frensh appears again with 

a Robertus le Frensh as the two manucaptors of 
Rogerus de Bavent, knight, who was summoned to 
meet at the Parliament to be held at Westminster, 
on the sixth day of October, 1320. 

A.D. 1332, 20th of June. — Commission of oyer and 
terminer to Richard de Wylughby and others, on 
complaint by Richard de Peshale that William de 
Wolde, chaplain, Robert de Saxton, Richard de Riche- 
mond, John de Moubray, John le Frenshe, and others 
took away twenty horses, thirty mares, twenty-four 
colts, sixty oxen, thirty cows, thirty steers, one hun- 
dred swine, and two hundred sheep of his, worth 
500/., at Knappe, Beaubosson, Fyndon, Wassyngton, 
Bedyng, Brembre, Stenyng, West Grenstede, and 
Warynglide, County Sussex, mowed his crops, carried 
away his goods, and assaulted his servants. 



42 o SC/SS£X. 

ALBOURN. 

A.D. 1278. — In a writ of the twenty-sixth day of June, 
1278, to the sheriff of this county, King Edward I. 
commands him to distrain all persons within his baili- 
wick seized of land to the amount of 20/. yearly value, 
or one entire knight's fee, whether held of the king in 
capite or of any other lord, and who " ought to be 
knights and are not " to take upon themselves the 
degree of knighthood before Christmas then next, 
and to return the names of such persons under his 
seal and the seals of two lawful knights of the said 
county. 

The returns show that Nigellus de Brok and An- 
dreas de Lychpole held each one knight's fee, and as 
such were distrained to receive knighthood. 

Among the manucaptors of the former was Heiiri- 
cns Ic Frcuschc, and those of the latter show among 
their number the name of Willielimis Ic Frcnsche. 

The possessions of these proposed knights were in 
Bramber Rape. Nigellus de Brok held the manor of 
Albourn, land at Lancing and some other places. 
Andreas de Lychpole appears to have been steward 
of William de Broase, holding possessions in Offing- 
ton. 

BRAMBER. 

A.D. 1 31 3. — Johannes k Frens/f vj2iS summoned for 
Bramber and Steyning borough to meet at the Parlia- 



SUSSEX. 421 

ment to be held at Westminster, on the eighth day 
of July, 1 31 3. 

A.D. 1324. — Thomas de Hurst and Mabel, his wife, 
sold in 1324 to Jo /in Ic Frcushe, of Bramber, and A/ice, 
his wife, two messuages, one salt-pit, and sixteen acres 
of arable land in South Lancing for 12/. This was 
afterwards sold, in 1334, to John de Boxgrave. 

There is another record, of the 13th of April, 1334, 
wherein it is stated Jokn ic Frcnsh had a garden at 
Lancing. 

A.D. 1330. — Johannes /c Frcjic/i \\2iS summoned for 
Bramber and Steyning borough to meet at the Parlia- 
ment to be held at Westminster, on the 26th of 
November, 1330. 

A.D. 1 33 1. — Robert le Freusli was a burgess of 
Bramber. 

In this same year John Frenshe was a burgess of 
Steyning. 

In 1 34 1 the nona return of the parish of Bram- 
ber was made on the oath of Gilberttis le Frenshe 
and others. He was summoned for Bramber and 
Steyning borough to attend the Parliament held at 
Westminster, on the 31st of March, 1348; and he is 
mentioned as a burgess of Bramber in 1349. 

There is a certain amount of suspicion that Gil- 
bertus le Freynsh, who is particularly identified as the 
rector of the church of Findon, may have been the son 
or a kinsman of Gilbertus French, burgess of Bramber. 

Among the crown appointments for 1347-48, it is 



42 2 SC/SS£A\ 

observed that Gilbert le Fre7ish had a living at St. 
Peter, next Guildhall, which location is not quite clear; 
but at the same time the record indicates that it was 
at Wisborough, in Arundel Rape. Gilbert le Freynsh 
was parson of Rayleigh (Rayle), in Essex, and became 
rector of the church of Findon on the 27th of Janu- 
ary, 1354, where an inscription in the church shows 
that he died on the ninth day of October, 1374. 



FINDON. 

In 1 318 Robert, the son of Robert le Frenehe, and 
Isabel, his wife, sold to Walter atte Lynch one mes- 
suage and four acres of arable land at Fynedone for 
20 marks. 

In 1326 John le Frejie/ie and Aliva, his wife, sold to 
Robert de Manningham, vicar of Fyndon, twenty- 
eight acres of arable land and fifty acres of pasture at 
Thornwyk, in Fyndon. 

HORSHAM. 

A.D. 1287-88. — Of persons appointed to serve on 
juries in 16 Edward I., in the Rape of Bramber, the 
bailiff, Robert le Frainieeys, appears to have been sum- 
moned in every hundred. He was also chief bailiff of 
the borough of Horsham. 

Robert FrensJi was a burgess of this borough in the 
years 1357, 1359, 1360, 1365, and 1372. 



S[/SS£X, 423 

RobertMs le Frensshe was summoned for Horsham 
Borough to meet at the ParHaments held at West- 
minster on the fifth day of February, 1357-58; on the 
fifteenth day of May, 1 360 ; on the twenty-fourth day 
of January, 1360-61; on the thirteenth day of Octo- 
ber, 1362; on the fourth day of May, 1366; on the 
third day of June, 1369; on the eighth day of June, 
1371 ; on the thirteenth day of October, and, by pro- 
rogation, on the third day of November, 1372; and 
on the twenty-first day of November, 1373. 

Heiiricus Frensshe was summoned for this borough 
to attend the ParHaments held at Westminster on the 
sixth day of October, 1382; on the twenty-third day 
of February, 1382-83; and on the twenty-sixth day of 
October, 1383. 

SHIPLEY. 

In 1308 William le Frenshe was a tenant in this 
place of the " Masters and Brothers of the Solidiery 
of the Temple," holding a cottage and eight acres of 
land for <^d. rent, and certain services. 



SHOREHAM. 

A.D. 1305. — Robertns le Frensh was a manucaptor 
of Ricardus Serle, one of the two burgesses sum- 
moned for Shorham to attend the Parliament at 
Westminster, on Tuesday, i6th of February, which 
was prorogued to Sunday, 28th of February, 1305. 



424 SC/SSEX. 

CHICHESTER RAPE. 

CHICHESTER. 

A.D. 1274-75. — Appointment of John de Cobham 
to hear and determine the appeals of Thomas Peverel 
against Robert de Broghampton and Alice, his wife, 
Simon Tprush, William le Ireys, William de la Flete, 
Richard le Fra juris, Laurence le Franceis, Peter 
Bundy, John le Ber, and others, in the vill of Chiches- 
ter, and against the commonalty of the said vill for 
the homicide of Stephen Goby, lately killed by night 
in the said vill, and to inquire as to the persons who 
killed him.> 

A.D. 1285. — Walter Frauciseiis was among the five 
persons of the diocese of Chichester ordained acolytes 
in September, presented by William de Cruceroys, 
official of the Bishop of Chichester, by commission 
dated at Cacham, 13 Cal. October, 1285. 

In 1335 Laivrence French was a comptroller of the 
customs in this borough. 

ROGATE. 

A.D. 1 34 1. — JVillielnnis Frenshe was a member of 
the jury of this parish at the inquisitio nonarum held 
at Chichester, on Wednesday next after the feast of 
St. Gregory, in the fifteenth year of the reign of 
Edward III. 



SC/SS£X. 425 

SELHAM. 

A.D. 1330. — Robcrtus Frenches is among the wit- 
nesses to a charter, dated on the morrow of Ascension 
Day in that year, in which Adam atte Stroude, cleri- 
cus, grants to Walterus Boggyng, chaplain, a mes- 
suage with croft at Hammes, in the parish of Siales- 
ham. 



HASTINGS RAPE. 

BATTLE. 

Temp. Henry III. — Grant in frankalmoign by 
Robert de Sicele, to the abbot of Battle, of a rent 
issuing out of land in Newe Rede, bounded by the 
road from Stondenn' to Slepmelle and from Hedbroc. 
Witnesses, Walter Franceis, Thomas de Mora, Here- 
ward de Hauekherst, and others (named). 



ETCHINGHAM. 

A.D. 1332. — Robertus le FrensJi was a manucaptor 
of Robertus de Echyngehamme, Baron of Echyng- 
ham, who was summoned to attend the Parliament 
held at Ripon, on the 14th of November, 1322, which 
Parliament was to be held to consider the plan for 
the intended winter campaign. 



426 SC/SS£X. 

LEWES RAPE. 

LEWES ABBEY. 

The three generations of the family of Francigaia, 
found in the following seven charters, represented by 
Robert, and TJioiuas and Hugh, his sons, besides Rob- 
ert Francigcna, whom we take to be the grandson, 
all of whom appear to be contemporaneous with mem- 
bers of the family of Dene, as represented first by 
Robert Pincerna, alias Dene, second by his son 
Ralph, and third by his .grandson, Robert de Dene; 
and, as there are no positive dates to these charters, 
they may be approximated from the information and 
records about the Dene family, as follows. 

The title of pincerna in the Dene family has been 
attributed to holding such position under the Earls of 
Morton, who held the honor of Pevensey until about 
the year 1 102, after which period it was granted by 
King Henry I. to the Aquilas ; and, as Robert 
pincerna held this title at a later date, it is concluded 
that it was under the Aquilas. He seems to have 
been living towards the close of the reign of King 
Stephen, as he is found as a witness to a charter of 
Prince Eustace, who died in 1152. So it is inferred 
that this charter could not have been executed before 
1 1 50. This charter conveyed the fishery of Pevensey 
to the monks of Lewes. 

Ralph de Dene, son of Robert Pincerna, is also 



SC/SS£X. 427 

found in a charter of Prince Eustace, and again in the 
eleventh year of King Henry II. (1164-65) as paying 
a fine of 4/.; while in the report of Richard de Aquila, 
which was returnable to the Exchequer on the 17th of 
March, 1166, Ralph de Dene held of him six knights' 
fees. 

Robert de Dene, the son of Ralph, granted at a 
later period the tithes of the rectory of Waldron to 
the priory of Lewes. This was probably towards the 
end of the reign of King Henry II. 

Charter No. i. 

Alan, son of Rembert, grants to the monks of 
Lewes " Turgustu de Suttuna," with all the lands. 
William, son of Alan, confirms the grant. For this 
the monks give them 10 marks of silver. Testibus, 
Angerio capellano, Magistro Willelmo de Cukefelda, 
Willelmo presbitero de Suttuna, Roberto pincerna, 
Roberto franceso, Radulfo Walensi, Waltero clerico, 
Alano nepote prioris. 

Charter No. 2. 

William Malfed gives to St. Pancras and the 
monks there the church of Chitinglie. Testibus, 
Warino capellano, Henrico presbitero, Adam clerico, 
Rogero de ffracnei, Roberto Pincerna, Philippo de 
ffokington, Roberto ffranceiso, Hugone de Linet, Ri- 
cardo de Truelie, et aliis. 



42J 



SUSSEX. 



Charter No. 3. 

William Malfed gives to St. Pancras, of Lewes, 
two hides of land; to wit, half a hide called Imber- 
horne, half a hide at Posingeword, and one hide at 
Lumport. Testibus, Hugone Linet, Roberto ffran- 
cigena, Brieno de Hauckeham, Ordwino de Cnolle, 
Waltero clerico de Grenesteda, Willelmo Caldello, 
Rannulfo Portario, Radulfo Waleys, Roberto Coco. 

Charter No. 4. 

Ralph de Dena gives and confirms to St. Pan- 
cras at Lewes, and the monks there, all the gifts 
which Robert Pincerna, his father, gave them ; to wit, 
Hamwode, Wolfhole, Crohurst, the land of Westhorn, 
and the land of Newica. Testibus, Roberto ffran- 
cigena, Ricardo de Hindedal, Gaufrido de Bacton, 
Petro de Hinded, Willelmo Coco, Willelmo de Perci, 
Roberto filio ffulchredi, Ailwino Dag', Simone Dapi- 
fero, Rannulfo portario, Willelmo de sancto Pancracio, 
Ysaak Sartore. 

Charter No. 5. 

I, Thomas, son of Robert ffrancigena, give to St. 
Pancras at Lewes, and the monks there, ten acres of 
land lying before the gate of Edwin de la Feld, for 
the health of Robert, my father. Testibus, Rogero 
Capellano, Petro filio Omeri, Johanne Huke, Ricardo 



S[/SSjSX. 429 

de Hasting presbitero ; Pagano clerico de Blackint', 
Willelmo Ruffo, Johanne Chudmet, Radulfo de Dena, 
Gaufrido de Gacton, Mil' de Harmere, Ricardo de 
Trul, Willelmo de Hoult, Ysaak Gileberto, Johanne 
Chury, Hugone filio Roberti ffrancigene, Alexandre 
de Den. 

Charter No. 6. 

Ralph de Dena confirms to the monks of Lewes 
the gift which Thomas, son of Robert Francigena^ 
made to them ; to wit, the ten acres of land which lie 
before the gate of Edwin de la Feld. Testibus, 
Rogero de capello, Petro filio Omeri, Johanne Hupe, 
Ricardo de Hasting presbitero, Pagano clerico de 
Blagint, Willelmo Ruffo, Johanne Chudinech, Thoma 
Jilio francigene^ Gaufrido de Gattun', Mil' de Hamare, 
Ricardo de Sruel', Will, de Hoults, Ysaac Gileberto, 
Johanne Cur', Hiigone filio Roberti {ffrancigene) Alex- 
andre de Den'. 

Charter No. 7. 

Circa 11 86. — Brother Hugh, prior of St. Pancras, 
and Robert de Dena and Sibilla, his wife, and Ralph, 
his son, and William Malfeth have exchanged the 
land of Cnolle and the land of Duductona. Testibus, 
Radulfo de Dena, Willelmo Malfethe, Ranulfo de 
Cherlakestona, Rainaldo de Moret', Ricardo de 
Hyxdedale Hardinch, Roberto ffrancigena. 



43° 



SUSSEX. 



Additional charters conveying land in this parish, 
of the thirteenth century, most probably executed after 
the year 1250: — 

Johannes Produmme grants by charter to the 
monks of Lewes all his rights in the land which was 
formerly Reginaldus le Long's and one messuage 
which was formerly William le Somner s, near by in 
the parish of Southover (suburb of Lewes). Testibus, 
Amfrido de fferringhes, Simone de Herletinghes, 
Johanne Berenger, Hugone de Stokingham, Regi- 
naldo Griselim, Roberto le Wimpler, Johanne le 
Tailur, Magistro Hugone Coco, Ricardo le ffrenceis, et 
multis aliis. 

Matilda, daughter and heiress of Adam de Myvelde, 
granted to the monks of Lewes the half of one mes- 
suage with its appurtenances lying in the parish of 
Suthenover, near the mill of Watergate. Testibus, 
Johanne le tanner, Roberto le Wympler, Ricardo 
fraunccys, Ada zonario, Johanne le port', Roberto le 
haftere, Nicholao Casel, et multis aliis, 

Robert " manubriator " granted to the monks of 
Lewes, for the supports of lights, a certain messuage 
with its appurtenances in the parish of Suthovere, 
between the messuage of Nicholas le cuper and 
Rogerus le wes in Westporta. Testibus, Willelmo 
de Pynz clerico, Philippo clerico, Radulpho Janitore, 
Johanne Prudhume, Johanne Aufray, Johanne le 
tailur, Johanne Horn, Ricardo zonario, Ricardo le 
ffranceso, Matheo Page, Roberto Drad, et multis aliis. 



S[/SS£X. 431 

Radulphus le Couper and Isabella, his wife, daugh- 
ter of Johannes le Deyde, have given to Johannes le 
Mason of Southwikes the moiety of one messuage 
in Southnovere, next Lewes. Testibus, Magistro 
Hugone Coco, Johanne Aunrty, J^zcardo le fraunceys. 

Bartholomew Cornesarius, son of Alan, and Alice, 
his wife, gave to Emma, mother of the said Alice, 
some time wife of Robert le Lomb, the fourth part of 
a messuage in Southenover, in Westporte. Testibus, 
Gilberto Sikelfot clerico, Johanne Serle, Nic. Cassell, 
Ricardo le fraimceys. 

PIECOMB. 

A.D. 1272-73. — Appointment of two justices to take 
the assize of mort d'ancestor arraigned by Adam 
Fraujic against Mameliu Fraunc, touching land and 
rent in Pyecombe. 

PLUMPTON. 

A.D. 1 34 1. — Johannes le Frensshe was a juror of this 
parish at the nona return held at Lewes, on Monday 
next after the feast of Saint Gregory the Pope, in 
the fifteenth year of the reign of King Edward IIL 



PEVENSEY RAPE. 

ALCISTON. 

Among the rentals and customals of the manor of 
Alsiston, paid to Battle Abbey in the reign of Edward 



432 



SC/SS£X. 



I., Willelmus le Franceys, who held land in Linderle, 
paid I'^Yid. at the feast of Saint Thomas and \^d. at 
Hokeday. 

CHIDDINGLY. 

A.D. 1296. — In the Subsidy Roll of 24 Edward I., 
which contains the taxation of this and the adjoining 
parish of East Hoathly (" Wo^q<^\'), Johannes Fraun- 
ceys, evidently of Chittingley, was taxed at 2^-. 6d. and 
3 farthings. 

EAST BOURNE. 

A.D. 1241-42. — Among those holding of the king 
in capite in this county, the heirs of Gilbertus Fraji- 
ceis hold the third part of a knight's fee in Burne, of 
the honor of Morteyn. 

HEATHFIELD. 

Prob. circa 1258. — Peter, son and heir of Walter le 
Porter, granted to Roger, son of Robert de Broham, 
all that tenement with appurtenances which Walter, 
his father, bought of Robert Scherrene in the parish 
of Hetfeld. Witnesses, Willelmus Franneeys, Nicho- 
laus forestarius, and others. 

MAYFIELD AND WADHURST 

In a writ issued at Lincoln on the 23d of Novem- 
ber, 1328, for the collection of the twentieth in the 



SC/SSjEX. 433 

county of Sussex, the portion of the roll relating to 
Mao-hefeld and Wadehurst shows that 2s. was the as- 
sessment of /o/i/i Le Fransh. 

WALDRON. 

A.D. 131 1. — Tlwntas le Fj^enshe was a manucaptor 
of Johannes de Heringaud, who held the manor of 
Herringdales, alias Waldron, by descent from the fam- 
ily of Dene, one of the two knights elected for the 
county of Sussex to attend the Parliament held at 
London, on the eighth day of August, 131 1. 

WESTHAM. 

A.D. 1259. — Robert, son of John de Glyndele, and 
Margaret, daughter and heir of Salomon de Hothlegh, 
have given to Reginald de Burghers the moiety of all 
the land of which the said Salomon died seized in the 
town of Westham, the western hamlet of the ancient 
town of Pevensey. Given on the morrow of the 
Translation of Saint Edmund the Confessor, in the 
forty-third year of the reign of King Henry, son of 
King John. Witnesses, Willelinus ffranceys, Nicho- 
laus fforestarius, and others. 



WARWICKSHIRE. 



GENERAL. 

In 26 Henry 11.(1179-80), at the Nova Placita et 
Novae Conventiones before Rannulphus de Glanvill 
and his associates, Roberttis Fraunceis had been 
amerced 10 marks as surety for " Johannes." He 
pays 4 marks into the treasury by the hand of the 
sheriff of Warwickshire, and owes 6 marks. 

In 27 Henry II. Robertus Fraiiceis pays 2 marks 
of his misericordia, and owes 4 marks. 

At Michaelmas, 1182, he again pays 20s., and owes 
\y. 4</., which he pays in the twenty-ninth year of 
Henry II., when he is quit. 

On Sunday after the octaves of Saint Peter and 
Saint Paul, i ith of July, 1 199, Robertus filius Leueneth 
essoins himself by Hugo Fraiiceis. 



BARLICHWAY HUNDRED. 

BEARLEY. 

A.D. 1 25 1. — Covenant between the abbot and con- 
vent of Bordesley (of Worcestershire) and Elizabeth, 



WARWICKSHIRE. 435 

relict of Alexander le Blu, relative to a demise by her 
to the said abbot of lands in the field of Bur' (Bearley), 
in Sterf furlong, bordering upon the road leading from 
Stafford, in Wotton, Blakebroc and Hokinde Stret. 
Witnesses, Simon de Stok', William Franceis, and 
others. 

The following charter is undated, but it is prob- 
ably of a later date than that preceding it : — 

Grant in frankalmoign by William Frauiiceys, 
son of William. Fraunceys, of Burleia, to the monks 
of Bordesley, of a yearly rent payable by Robert 
Fraunceys, son of Ralph Fratinceys, of Burleia, for a 
curtilage in Burleia. Witnesses, Nicholas le Rower 
of Warewick, William Moryn' of Snitenefeld, Will- 
iam de Burleia, and others. 

8 Edward I. (1279-80). — Demise of Ralph Geri, of 
Burleye, to the abbot and convent of Bordesley, of a 
messuage with a curtilage and land, and also of a 
rent in Byrleye. Witnesses, Hugh de Bleez, William 
Franceys, and others. 

GRAFTON. 

At the essoins, etc., taken at Westminster, on the 
13th of October, 11 94, Alanus, nephew of Robertus 
le Franceis, excuses himself " de malo veniendi " by 
Adam Marescallus, in a plea of land versus Radulphus 
de Crafton. 

On the ist of December, 11 94, Radulphus de 



436 J^VAJ? WICK SHIRE. 

Grafton essoined himself de malo veniendi by 
Simon de Beninton in a placitum dotis versus 
Cristiana, relict of Robertiis le Franceis. 

At the pleas, on the Eve of Saint Nicholas, 5th 
of December, 11 94, Willelmus de Paries appeared, on 
the fourth day, versus Cristiaiia, the wife of the 
deceased Robertus Francigena ; but she neither came 
nor essoined herself. 

A.D. 1194-95. — A day is given to the brethren of 
the Hospital of Jerusalem, Radulphus de Crafton, 
Willelmus de Ardena, and A lames Francigena, in a 
placitum terrae, at Westminster, on the day of Saint 
Peter ad Vincula. 

A.D. 1 1 95. — At the assizes on the morrow of Holy 
Trinity Willelmus de Ardena essoins himself de 
malo veniendi by Thomas Bon Pas in a placitum 
terrae versus the hospital and Alanus le Franceis. 

LANGLEY. 

Circumstantial evidence indicates that the following 
charter was executed about the last quarter of the 
twelfth century: — 

Be it known to those present and those to come 
that I, Henricus de Clintona, for my welfare and that 
of my family, grant, and by this charter confirm, in 
pure and perpetual alms, to the Church of St. Mary 
of Kenilduurda (Kenilworth), and the canons serving 
God there, all the land and churches, and all other 



WARWICKSHIRE. 437 

things, with appurtenances, which G. (eoffrey) de CHn- 
ton, my grandfather, chamberlain of the lord the king 
(Henry I.), gave and granted to them, in pure and per- 
petual alms, for the welfare of the kings of England, 
and for his own welfare and that of his family ; 
namely, all the land in Kenilworth, in bosc and in 
plain, etc. Moreover, I grant and confirm to them 
all the lands, with their appurtenances and liberties, 
which I before have given, granted, and confirmed to 
them, to be held of me and my heirs in perpetuity ; 
namely, all that land, with bosc, from the place where 
the house of Ailmerus stood to the fossatum of Stotfold, 
and from Stotfold to the corner of the wood belonging 
to the said canons at Blachwell, with Colgrimusholi- 
fast, etc. And I will warrant them the whole wood, 
which Robertus le Francois claimed in the fossatum 
belonging to the canons in Blachwell, and all the 
land from the hedge of Robertus pistor to the end of 
the old fossatum which is extended thither, and from 
the end of this fossatum to the corner of the new 
fossatum which the canons made around the wood 
which I before granted them, and from this corner to 
the boundaries between me and the Templars, and 
then by the boundaries of Robertus le Francois, of 
Langele, to the bosc I before had given them, namely, 
all that land which I had there between the bounda- 
ries of the aforesaid canons, the Templars, and Rober- 
tus le Francois, etc. ; all the land which lies between 
the alder grove of the canons and the land of Nigellus 



438 WARWICKSHIRE. 

de Mundavilla, etc. ; and one acre of land which 
Johannes le Strange, a man of the canons, held of 
me ; and all the moor which is between Bradeford- 
Broch and the land of Radulfus carbonarius (collier), 
near the road to Harestone, etc.; and one acre of 
land which Ranulfus and Reginaldus Rufus held 
of me, and the wood which is between the house of 
said Reginaldus and the wood which of old belongfed 
to the church of Kenilworth, from the spring, from 
which the brook called Neusiche flows down, to the 
cross which Robertas Ic Francois erected for making 
a boundary between the wood which this Robertus 
held of me and that part of the wood which I retain 
for myself, etc. ; and the Church of Etha, of the dona- 
tion of Lecellina and concession of Bertramus de 
Verduno, her son. Hiis testibus, Magistro Willielmo 
Martell, Willielmo clerico de Warewiche, magistro 
Ricardo de Gnowshale, Roberto de Herecurth et 
Willielmo filio ejus, Willielmo de Ardena, Radulfo 
fratre ejus, Walerand de Cumpton, Henrico de Cam- 
era, Johanne de Londonia, Henrico Blundel, Johanne 
Blundel, Rogero Godecnave, Willielmo de Norfolcia. 

SALFORD. 

The ensuing eight documents are all identified with 
this place. The time of the execution of charter No. 
I is indicated by the period when William de Lucy, 
one of the witnesses, was sheriff of this county. Dug- 



WAJ^ WICKSHIRE. 439 

dale decides the time as follows: " In 20 Henry III." 
(1236) " the custody of this county and Leicestershire 
was committed to his" (William de Lucy's) "charge, 
together with the strong castle of Kenilworth, 23d of 
April, which trust he continued for the space of three 
years." The date of charter No. 2 is designated by 
the time when the justices, witnesses to the same, 
made their northern circuit, which was in the year 
1240. Robert de Lexinton, the principal justice 
named, died in 1250. The visitation of the justices 
was made during the time of Richard le Gras or 
Crassus, who became abbot of Evesham, in County 
Worcester, after the death of his predecessor, who 
died on the 12th of September, 1236. This Abbot 
Richard died on the 8th of December, 1242, according 
to Dugdale ; but Hardy states it was on the 2d of 
December. So that the succeeding charters wherein 
Abbot Richard is mentioned must have been made 
durins: the time he was abbot of Evesham. The fol- 
lowing abbot was Thomas de Glovernia or Glouces- 
ter, who was confirmed in 1243, and died on the 15th 
of December, 1255. Henry, or Henry of Worcester, 
mentioned in the last record of the year 1259, suc- 
ceeded Thomas, the late abbot. He was installed 
abbot of Evesham in 1256, and died in November, 
1263. So that the following documents may, we 
judge, safely be considered to cover the period from 
the year 1235 until the year 1259. 



440 WAJ? WICKSHIRE. 

Charter No. i. 

Grant by Robert Franceis, of Saltforde, to William 
the clerk, of Drayton, of a portion of his court towards 
the high street, with the coterelli living there, with a 
croft and half of his virgate of land at Saltforde. 
An acre of the land is in Morwrlung, part heading on 
" la Den," half an acre called " Forshecar," part on 
" Calueulle le affeudlond," in "la Verniwrlung," part 
next Himiwei in "la Holulonde," and Goren by Hun- 
iwei looking on Somerwei, part on Hothulle, next 
land of the court of Saltford Priors, etc. Witnesses, 
Sir William de Luci, sheriff of Warwick, and others. 

Charter No. 2. 

Grant by William the clerk, of Drayton, to Richard, 
the abbot, and the monks of Evesham (in Worcester- 
shire), in frankalmoign, of land and a messuage, with 
the coterelli, and a croft in Saltford, which he had of 
the gift of Robert le Franceys, against whom he after- 
wards recovered it by assize of novel disseisin before 
the king's justices in Eyre at Coventry. Witnesses, 
Robert de Lexinton, William de Culewrth, Robert 
de la Haye, Warner Engayne, and Ralph de Sutlegh, 
the king's justices then in Eyre, and others. 



WARWICKSHIRE. 441 

Charter No. 3. 

Grant by Robert le Fraunceys, of Saltforde, to Roger 
Lossewit, of a messuage in Saltforde at the end of 
the town, and twelve acres in Saltford, part at 
Tunstall, part in Othull, in Hevedfurlong, by " le 
Merwey," in the upper part of the furlong called 
" Somerweye," at Cocesacre, in Calwenhull, upon Sti- 
furlong, extending to " la Dene " and to " la Hethe," 
part at the end of the mill road, at Leverichescroft, 
next "la Longedole," and a portion of the meadow by 
Elmeforde. Witnesses, Robert Grim, Henry Austin, 
and others. 

Charter No. 4. 

Release by Roger le Losewit to Sir Richard, the 
abbot, and the convent of Evesham, of the messuage 
in Sanford which he had of Robert le Franceis, at the 
end of the town, and also of land there. Witnesses, 
William, the steward (senescallo) of Evesham, Simon 
de Cottone, knight, Robert Grym, Henry Austin, and 
others. 

Charter No. 5. 

Grant by Robert le Franceis, of Sanford, to William, 
son of Geoffrey de Ynceberg, of all his land in San- 
ford, with the service of Roger Losewit, for 30 marks, 
which William has lent to him for his great and urgent 
business, the said William paying 5^-. yearly to the 



442 JVAJ? WICKSHIRE. 

abbot of Evesham, and giving to Robert for life a fourth 
of the wheat growing on the land ; and, if after his 
death, Robert's heir repays the 30 marks, he shall re- 
cover the land. Otherwise William shall hold it till 
the money be repaid, with the amount he has spent 
on the land. Witnesses, Henry Austin, of Sanford, 
Robert Grim, and others. 



Charter No. 6. 

Grant by Peter the palmer (palmarius), of Ecches- 
lenz, son of the late Bond', son of Alexander, to Sir 
Richard, the abbot, and the convent of Evesham, of 
the land in Sanford which he had of Robe^-t le 
Franceis, of Sanford, part extending from the spring 
commonly called " Carfwellesiche" by the moor, toward 
Herverton, part in Weleforlong by "le Chirhacre." 
Witnesses, William the stew^ard of Evesham, Peter 
son of Osbert de Eccheslenz, and others. 



Charter N'o. 7. 

Grant by William Franccys, of Sanford, to Geoffrey 
de Camera of a moiety of all his right in one vir- 
gate of land in " Sanford abbatis Evesham" (Salford 
Abbot's), which came to William through Alice, his 
mother, Geoffrey defraying the cost of the plea for 
acquiring the land by judgment or agreement. Wit- 
nesses, Walter Grim, Henry Austin, and others. 



IVAJ? WICKSHIRE. 443 

Charter No. 8. 

A.D. 1259. — Undertaking by Geoffrey de Camera 
and John Birun to defend Henry, abbot of Evesham, 
in a plea which William le Fratuiceis, of Salford, is 
moving against him before the king's justices of the 
Bench, London, concerning a virgate of land in Sal- 
ford, and to cause the said abbot to have a deed of 
acquittance of the said land under William s seal 
before Ascension Day next. Evesham, the morrow 
of Saint John ante Portam Latinam, a.d. 1259. 



COVENTRY CO. 

STIVICHALL. 

Circa a.d. i 180-1200. — Grant from Stephen de 
Nerbona to William, son of Ralph de Filungele, in 
consideration of his fighting a duel for him (" pro 
homagio et servicio, et propter duellum quod fecit 
pro me"), of two virgates of land in Stivechala, with 
additional land near the high road leading from 
Allesle, with license to sell or mortgage or assign to 
the house of the brothers of the Temple, or to the 
Hospitallers, or any other religious house : with a full 
warranty, "propter quod fecit pro me predictum 
duellum." Witnesses, Robertus Franccis and others. 



444 JV-4J^ WICKSHIRE. 

HEMLINGFORD HUNDRED. 

BIRMINGHAM. 

In the year 1221 John de Kent, of Birmingham, 
was murdered by his servants John and Henry, who 
fled. They are in the frankpledge of Peter le 
Fraunceis in Burmingham, no EngHshry proved. 
For this offence the town was fined i mark, and the 
frankpledge of Peter le Frawieeis for the flight half 
a mark. 

GLASCOTE. 

About the beginning of King Henry II.'s time, 
William, the son of Hugh de Hatton, confirmed to 
the nuns of Polseworth all those lands in Glascote 
which William le Franceis had given them. By 
which confirmation it appears that they were of the 
inheritance of Maud, wife of the said William de 
Hatton. 

WIDNEY. 

At the Placita coram Consilio Domini Regis, in 
octabis Sancti Hillarii, anno 38 Henry III., 20th of 
January, \2^^^, Roger le Fraiinceys, William de Paries, 
and Alicia de Paries were attached to answer the 
complaint of Robert, parson of Wadington, that they 
had come with others to the house of said Robert in 



IVAJ^ WICKSHIRE. 445 

Wydehaye, which he held in custody, and had ejected 
him and his family from it vi et armis, and had carried 
away his goods and chattels to the value of 20 marks. 

Roger denied the accusation, and appealed to a jury, 
which is to be summoned in the county, and the 
inquisition returned on the octaves of Trinity. 

William de Paries and Alice appeared, and admitted 
the fact. They are therefore committed to custody, 
and the sheriff to return the amount of damasre at 
three weeks from Easter. 



KINGTON HUNDRED. 

CHESTERTON. 

In the Domesday survey, under the heading of 
Terra Ricardi Forestarii, is the following account of 
this place: Ricardus Venator holds three hides in 
Cestreton. There is (arable) land (sufficient) for six 
ploughs. In demesne are three carucates, and (there 
are) six villani and four bordarii with three ploughs. 
There are thirty acres of meadow. It (the whole) was 
worth \os., now it is worth looi'. Four teini (for- 
merly) held it free. 

Sir William Dugdale explains the appearance of 
Richard Venator in this survey by stating it was 
another name for Richard Forestarius, who was also 
called Richard Chineu ; and in continuation observes 



446 JVAJ? WICKSHIRE. 

that Richard Forestarius held his lands by the ser- 
vice of keeping the forest of Kanoc, in Stafford- 
shire, and paying to the king lo marks yearly. 
From another source it is found that Richard Fores- 
tarius founded the church of this place. From the 
Forestarii the forestership of Cannock passed, accord- 
ing to Testa de Nevill, successively by heiresses, first 
to William Crok, then to Robert de Brok, and after- 
wards by a daughter of the latter to Hugh de Lodges, 
whose son, Hugh de Lodges, was the last hereditary 
forester of Cannock. 

There are indications that Robert Passelewe made 
his northern circuit about the year 1247, for Eyton 
states that it was probably in March of that year he 
visited Shropshire. So the chances are that he may 
have included the county of Warwick among the 
records of that period, among which arrentations is 
the following account of Chesterton, identified with 
the last hereditary forester of Cannock of the sur- 
name of Lodges. 

Hugo de Lodges enfeoffed Robcrtiis Ic Fraunccys 
with one virgate of land for \2d. per annum. 
Thomas Ic Frainiccys holds it, and it is valued at lOi'. 



THORNTON. 

2 Edward I. (1273-74). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraisfned 



IVAJ^ WICKSHIRE. 447 

by William de Bissopedon against Walter le Fraun- 
ceis, touching common of pasture in Thornedon. 



KNIGHTLOW HUNDRED. 

HODNELL. 

Willelmus de Lodinton and Ricardus Peche, col- 
lectors of the aid of 2 marks of each fee, given to 
King Henry III. for marrying his sister Isabel, to 
Frederick, the Roman Emperor, render account for 
the terms of Michaelmas, 1235, and Easter, 1236. 

Henricus le Frmniceis, of Hodenhull, and Willelmus 
de Ludinton, of Ludinton, paid i mark for half a 
knight's fee, — the half at each term. 



THURLESTON. 

At the aid for marrying Isabel, sister of King 
Henry III., in 1235 and 1236, Willelmus le Franceis, 
of Turlaweston, paid 2 marks for one knight's fee. 



WESTMORELAND. 



EAST WARD. 

APPLEBY. 

At the assize held at Appleby in a month of Easter, 
1279, Johannes le Fraunceys was an attorney of Will- 
elmus de Lyndesay in a plea of land between him and 
the sisters and heiresses of Peter de Brus (3d), plain- 
tiffs, and Alanus de Turribus, defendant. 



WEST WARD. 

CLIBURN. 

In the year 1291 there was a dispute between King 
Edward I. and the Abbey of St. Mary, York, concern- 
ing the advowson of the Church of St. Laurence in 
Appleby and the Church of St. Michael in Appleby, 
in Bondegate, the king affirming that King Henry 
IL presented to the same Adam and John, his clerks. 
But the jurors found that the abbot had more right in 
the said advowson than the king. The names of the 



WESTMORELAND. 449 

jurors were Thomas de Culwene, Hugh de Multon, of 
Hoffe, William de Stirkeland, John de Rossegill, 
R. le Englays, Richard de Preston, knights ; Jo. 
Mauschael, William de Crakenthorp, Richard de 
Musegrave, Jo. Frminceis, of Cliburn, Richard de 
Warthecop, and Richard Tyrel. 

A.D. 1292. — At the pleadings held at Appleby, in 
this county, in the octaves of Saint Michael, in 
the twentieth year of the reign of King Edward I., the 
lord the king, by Willelmus Inge, claimed versus the 
abbot of Bella Landa (Byland, in Yorkshire) four 
carucates of land, one thousand acres of wood, and 
one hundred acres of pasture, with its appurtenances, 
in Theybeye and Askeby. 

The following jurors, elected for this purpose, said 
upon their oath that the aforesaid abbot had more 
right to hold the said tenement, as the right of his 
church of Bella Landa, than the king ; namely, 
Thomas de Derwentwater, Huq^o de Molton, Willel- 
mus de Stirkelaund, Johannes de Rossegile, Ricardus 
de Preston, and Robertus le Engleys, knights ; Jo- 
hannes Mauchael, Willelmus de Q.x2^;J^n\.ox^^, Johannes 
Ic Fratinceys, of Clyburn, Ricardus de Wardecoppe, 
Nicholaus de Musegrave, and Johannes de Whale. 

At the same pleadings the lord the king, by Will- 
elmus Inge, claimed versus Gilbertus de Querton the 
manor of Querton, with all its appurtenances. 

The following jurors, chosen for this purpose, said 
upon their oath that the said Gilbertus had more right 



45° 



WESTMORELAND. 



to hold the said tenement, as he holds it by confirma- 
tion and enfeoffment, than the king ; namely, Hugo 
de Molton, Thomas de Derwentwater, Willelmus de 
Scirkelaund, and Ricardus de Preston, knights ; Jo- 
hannes Mauchael, Willelmus de Crakenethorp, Jo- 
hannes Ic Frannccys^ of Cliburn, Nicholaus de 
Mosegrave, Adam de Haurington, Johannes de Quale, 
Ricardus de Wardecoppe, and Adam de Musegrave. 



CROSBY RAVENSWORTH. 

Thirteenth century charter, probably executed soon 
after the year 1256: — 

To all who see or hear, etc. Thomas de Hastyngs, 
son of Thomas de Hastyngs, greeting. Know- 
all that I and my heirs or my assigns can 
neither have nor take any suit to my mill of 
Crosseby of the abbot of Whiteby and his men, or 
his tenants, of any of his lands in Crosseby Ravens- 
warth, — namely, of those lands which they held on 
Friday next before the feast of Saint Barnabas the 
Apostle, in the fortieth year of the reign of King 
Henry, son of King John, 1256, in the said vill of 
Crosseby ; and that the said abbot and his men, or 
his tenants, may grind their corn of the said 
land wherever it seems them better to take it, without 
hindrance of me, my heirs, or my assigns. And for 
the more security I have confirmed this present 



WESTMORELAND. 451 

charter by my seal. Hiis testibus, Roberto de Askeby, 
Alano de Cataberge, Roiilando de Revegille, Willclmo 
de Franceys, Willelmo de Goldington, Johanne de 
Berwys, Willelmo filio Adae de Meburne, et aliis. 



GREAT STRICKLAND. 

Circa a.d. 1230. — Walterus de Stirkland, knight, 
granted to the Church of St. Mary's, York, and 
to the prior and monks of Wederhal, which was 
a cell of St. Mary's, York, four acres of land 
in the territory of Stirkeland, with liberty to grind 
the corn growing thereupon at his mill of Stirke- 
land, molter free. The witnesses were Radulphus, 
prior of Carlisle ; Magister G. (that is, Gervase 
Lowther), archdeacon ; Dominus W., official of Car- 
lisle ; Ricardus Brun, and Thomas son of Johannes, 
(deputy) sheriffs of Cumberland and Westmorland ; 
Robertus de Castelkairoc, brother of the said Wal- 
terus ; Walterus, dean (rural) of Westmorland ; Mi- 
chael, vicar of Morlaund ; Johannes son of Willelmus, 
Thomas de Lowther, TJionias le Fraunceis, Adam 
and Roberttis, his sons, Hicgo le Fraunceis, Adam de 
Slegyle, Stephanus and Robertus de Newby, and 
others. 



452 



WESTMORELAND. 



MAULD'S MEABURN. 



Rogerus de Morvill held Meburn, at whose death 
it was divided between his coheirs, Hugo de Morvill 
and Matilda de Morvill, who married Willelmus de 
Veteriponte. Hugo's part came to the king by for- 
feiture, when it was known as Meburn Regis ; and 
Matilda's moiety became Meburn Matildae. 

This latter place is of interest to the surname of 
Frannays from the fact that the manor of Meburn 
Matildae was held at a later period by Johannes le 
Frannccys, the baron of the Exchequer. 

This Johannes le Frannceys, of whom are given the 
succeeding records, was the son of Hngo k Frannceys. 

In the year 1241 the king issues a writ on treasury 
business to the sheriff of Cumberland, in re2:ard to 
the debt due by the deceased John de Veteriponte, 
in which is an early record oi Johanjies Ic Fra7i7iceys, 
where he appears in the royal service. 

The following is a translation of the writ: — 

A.D. 1 24 1. — The king to the sheriff of Cumberland, 
greeting. Know ye that we have assigned to Jo- 
hanncs le Frannceys and yourself the appraisement 
of the lands which belonged to Johannes de Veteri 
Ponte, as well as how much they are worth per 
annum, and to take into our hands all the chattels 
which belonged to tliis Johannes on the day of his 
death for the debt he owed us, and that you give an 
account thereof, keeping the custody of the same 



WESTMORELAND. 453 

until otherwise ordered. And, therefore, we ordain 
you to accept the aforesaid clerk to accomplish these 
our wishes for the purpose aforesaid. 

In this same year is noticed the name of Johannes 
le Franceys, evidently occupying the same official posi- 
tion, and then as a witness to a charter of the Earl of 
Kent, wherein the first witness is the king's treasurer, 
next two barons of the Exchequer, while the fifth 
name is that of Johamies le Franceys, and the seventh 
witness is the Mayor of London. 

Charter of Hubert de Burgh. 

To all the faithful in Christ who see or hear this 
writing, Hubertus de Burgo, Earl of Kent, greeting 
in the Lord. May it be known that we have given 
and granted to God all the houses we held of the 
abbot of Westminster, in the parish of St. Margaret 
at Westminster, with all their appurtenances, and all 
the rents and possessions we had in houses, roads, 
parks, curtilages, and all other things, between the 
Abbey of Westminster and the city of London, for the 
relief of the Holy Land, and in redemption of a 
solemn promise that we should either give aid in the 
support of the cross or go to the Holy Land in per- 
son, provided we had no legitimate hinderance ; and we 
gave these houses with all rents and possessions, and 
all the aforesaid, without any withholding of us or our 
heirs, to the discreet men, the brethren, Walterus de 



454 WESTMORELAND. 

Sancto Martino, minister of Christ's cross, Laurentius 
de Sancto Albano, rector of the church of Attleburg, 
and Ricardus de Wokindon, rector of the church of 
Annilers (?), to arraign and expose for sale, for aid of 
the Holy Land, for the safety of our soul, and those 
of Margaret, our wife, Johannes, our son, Margaret, 
our daughter, as well as those of our ancestors and 
successors. And Walterus, Laurentius, and Ricar- 
dus sold these houses with all their appurtenances, 
without any withholding, to Walterus (Gray), Arch- 
bishop of York, Primate of England, for 400 marks 
sterling, to be contributed in aid of the Holy Land ; 
and they gave him full seisin of the same. And for 
the confirmation of this sale and seisin we have ap- 
pended our seal to this present charter. Hiis testi- 
bus, Willelmo de Haverull tunc thesaurario domini 
regis, Petro Grimbald, Rad' de Ely, tunc baronibus 
scaccarii ; Rad' de Laycestre, JoJianncs le Franceys, 
magistro Thoma Essewi, Reinero de Bungei tunc 
majore London, Mich' Thorn, Johanne de Gilor' 
tunc vice-com' London. 

A.D. 1243, 5th of May. — Henry, by the grace of 
God, etc. Pay from our treasury to Johannes 
Franc{cis) the expenses for our queen's gold, '^^^l. gs. 
8d., which he received from the chattels sold of John, 
formerly Earl of Lincoln, above the debt which the 
same earl owed us, and which we will shall be allowed 
to the executors of the will of said earl for the o;old 



WESTMORELAND. 



455 



which the aforesaid earl owed us, on account of our 
queen. 

The last of the family of Veteripont, who held 
Meburn Matildae, was Robert de Veteripont, who 
succeeded his father, John de Veteripont, and is the 
grantor in the following record: — 

In 27 Henry III. (1243), Robertus de Veteri Ponte 
granted, and by his charter confirmed, to Johannes 
Le Fraitnccis, son of Hugo Le Frminceis, for his 
homage and service, the whole manor of Meburn 
Matildae, with all its appurtenances, in the parish 
of Crosby Ravensworth, West Ward. 

At this period Johannes le Franceys appears versus 
Johanna de Veteripont in a plea that she should 
restore him the custody of Willelmus de Pinkeny's 
land and heir, whereof she unjustly deforced him; but 
she is absent. Judgment, let her be attached to 
appear, etc. 

There is another record of about the same time, in 
which Johannes le Fraunceis conveyed to Johanna, 
the daughter of Johannes de Veteripont, the several 
lands and tenements, with the services of villains and 
bondsmen, granted to her by her father. 

In the Memoranda Roll of the lord treasurer's 
Remembrancer, for the year 1243, is noticed the fol- 
lowing memoranda relating to the county of Kent and 
its sheriff : — 

The sheriff is, as others, ordered to have before the 
barons of the Exchequer, in fifteen days of Holy 



456 WESTMORELAND. 

Trinity, the body of Johannes Baryl, of Harleston, to 
answer to A(lexander), treasurer of St. PauFs, for 
meanly ill-treating his own men, depriving them of 
their rights, and erecting gallows without Canterbury 
and hano-ingr robbers. And the sheriff shall come 
before the barons on the same day to hear judgment 
for not having this Johannes Baryl before the barons 
on the morrow of the Ascension Day, as commanded. 
And he shall have the writ. Teste, JipJiannes) 
Francigcna, at Westminster, on the twenty-fifth day 
of May, 27 Henry III. 

A.D. 1243-44. — Grant by Petrus, son of Ricardus, 
son of Lucas de Stanford, to Willelmus de Haverhull, 
clerk, of all his lands, etc., in Stanford, except the 
rents he holds in Angre and a rent of i2d. in Stan- 
ford due from Walterus de Royng'. Witnesses, 
Dominus Willelmus de Ebor', provost of Beverley; 
Ricardus [de Barking], abbot of Westminster; Alex- 
ander de Swereford, JoJiauncs de Fraunccis, Radul- 
phus de Ely, then barons of the King's Exchequer; 
Jollanus de Nevill, Johannes de Cobeham, then jus- 
tices of our lord the king " in Banco"; Willelmus de 
Sancto Edmundo, Thomas de Newerk, then justices 
of the Jews; Radulphus Eswy, then mayor of Lon- 
don; Adam de Basing and Hugo Blund, then sheriffs ; 
Rogerus filius Rogeri, Johannes de Condre, Petrus de 
Wakering, Willelmus son of Ricardus de Stapelford, 
Petrus de Tany, Simon son of Gilbertus de Stanford, 
Johannes de Bernes, Baldwinus de Ripariis, knights, 
and others (named). 



WESTMORELAND. 457 

A.D. 1244. — The sheriff of York is commanded 
that, upon the oath of good and loyal men, he shall 
make an appraisement of all the land of Robertus de 
Tweng' in his bailiwick, as well as his chattels, which 
are in the king's hand ; and when he, by their oath, 
has been sure of the value of the land and of the 
price of the chattels, then he shall transfer to Johannes 
le Fraunceys as well the land as the chattels at their 
value, who shall answer to the king for the same when 
he so ordaines. 

A.D. 1245. — Command to the sheriffs of London to 
pay to Ricardus Carectarius the penny per day of the 
king's alms, which Nicholas Carpentarius used to 
receive of the sheriffs of that city. Tested, J{ohannes) 
Francigena, on the 26th day of May. 

A.D. 1245. — -Johamies Francigena issued a writ to 
the sheriff of Essex and Hertford on the 26th of July, 
1245, commanding him to have Henricus le Lechin 
and others named in the writ before the barons of 
the Exchequer, in the octaves of Saint Michael, to 
answer to Alexander, treasurer of St. Paul's, London, 
baron of the Exchequer, concerning the wasting of 
their feoffments in Andebury, and the destruction of 
the trees against the king's peace. 

A.D. 1246. — Grant by Bartholomeus de Turberevill 
to Fulco Basset, Bishop of London, of his manor and 
advowson of the church of Melebury (in Dorset), 
paying therefore to the King's Exchequer, London, for 
Bartholomeus and his heirs, 10/. yearly for twelve 



458 WESTMORELAND. 

years from Christmas, 1246, and after that term ^os. 
yearly till the sum total paid is 122/., with other con- 
ditions specified. For this grant Fulco has paid 140 
marks. Witnesses, Willelmus de Ebor', warden of 
Beverley; Henricus de Bathon' and Alanus de Wat- 
saund, then justices of the Bench ; Willelmus de 
Hailhull, then the king's treasurer; Magister Alexan- 
der de Swereford, treasurer of St. Paul's, London ; 
Johannes Ic Fraunceys, and Magister Alexander Secu- 
lar, then barons of the Exchequer, and others. 

A.D. 1247. — The king to the sheriff of Cambridge. 
As it is provided by the Common Council of the 
Magnates of England that they who hold in capite of 
the king for military service shall pay 2qs. for each 
knight's fee in aid to marry the king's eldest daugh- 
ter, therefore the sheriff is commanded to distrain 
H. de Ver., Earl of Oxford, to pay 20^-. for each of the 
fees he holds in capite of the king for knight's service. 
The sheriff is also commanded to permit peace to 
Martinus le Chamberleng and his tenants of the same 
aid for the aforesaid earl. Tested by JoJiannes Fran- 
cigena, on the sixth day of February, 

A.D. 1247. — The king to his diligent and faithful 
Johannes le France! s, Thomas de Stanford, and Ro- 
bertus de Creppingis, greeting. Know ye that we, 
by the consent of the heirs of Willelmus de Lancas- 
ter (3d), have assigned of the land belonging to the said 
Willelmus, to Agnes (de Brus), who was his wife, her 
reasonable dower; and we have assigned the manor 



WESTMORELAND. 459 

of Kirkeby (in Kendale Ward) to Petrus de Brus (3d) 
for chief messuage, and the manor of Warton to Wal- 
terus de Lindesy for chief messuage. And we 
command you to divide the remaining land in two 
equal portions, and then give seisin to Petrus of the 
part near his land, and to retain in our hands the 
other part and hold it in custody until we order other- 
wise. Teste Rege, at Windsor, on the twentieth day 
of February. 

A.D. 1247. — Johannes le Franceis on the 4th of 
October, 1247, issues a writ to the sheriff of Somer- 
set, commanding him to assist Henricus de Tracy to 
distrain his knights and free tenants to render to him 
their " Escuages de Scutagio Wasconiae," which they 
owed to him for the knights' fees which they held 
of him and he of the king in capite ; to wit, \os. 
per fee. 

A.D. 1248. — On the fifteenth day of July, in the 
thirty-second year of the reign of King Henry III., 
the Summons of the Great Roll, for the collection of 
the ro3^al revenue in Northamptonshire, was delivered 
to the sheriff of that county by the hands oi Johannes 
Francigena, baron of the Exchequer. 

In the Memoranda Roll of the lord treasurer's 
Remembrancer for the thirty-second year of the reign 
of King Henry III. (1248) is the following order re- 
lating to the inquisition to be held before the barons 
of the Exchequer. As this year was one of the many 
years that Johannes Francigena held the official post 



46 o WESTMORELAND. 

of Baro de Scaccario, it is inferred that Waldenus, re- 
ferred to in the Memoranda, was ill-treated when prob- 
ably on treasury business acting under the orders of 
his chief. 

The sheriff of Essex and Hertford is ordered to in- 
quire upon the oath of twelve, etc., if Walterus Car- 
pentar, of Rumford (Essex), in the vigil of Pentecost, 
had beaten and wounded Waldenus, a man of Jo- 
hannes Francigcna, or not; and, if he did not beat 
him, who had done it. And the inquest is to be re- 
turned to the barons at the close of St. Margaret, 
under his seal. 

In the last-named year there appears to have been 
a quarrel between the monks of Selby and Johannes 
Franciscns, clericus domini regis, in collecting the 
revenue of hay and corn. 

A.D. 1250. — Pleas at Westminster in a month from 
Holy Trinity. Westmoreland : Johannes le Fratui- 
ccys appears by attorney versus Robertus de Veteri- 
pont, in a plea that the latter should acquit him of the 
service which Johannes de Bayllol exacts from him 
for the freehold he holds of Robertus, in Meburn Ma- 
tildae, whereof Robertus, as the "medius" between 
them, should acquit him. Robertus is absent. At- 
tached to attend on the morrow of Saint Martin. 

On the 30th of September, 1251, in the pleas of the 
assizes of the county of York, it is found that Ro- 
bertus, son of Ivo de Veteripont, acknowledged that 
he had granted to Johannes de Baylof (Baliol) and his 



WESTMORELAND. 461 

heirs the homage and service oi Johannes le Fraunceys 
for Florhswrth in the county of Leicester, and Hke- 
wise the homage and service of said Johannes for the 
moiety of the manor of Soureby in Fames, in Gallo- 
way (Galewaythe), as more fully contained in the 
writing made between them. 

A.D. 1252. — Agreement between Roaldus filius 
Alani and Isabella, his wife, on one side, and the 
prior of Lanercost, in regard to divisions of land 
between Torcrossoc and Camquenstat. Witnesses, 
Dominus Thomas de Multon, Dns. Johannes le 
Fratinceys, Dns. Alanus de Multon, Dns. Ricardus 
de Vim, Dns. Thomas de Lascelles, Willelmus de 
Salcock, then sheriff of Cumberland, Dns. Robertus 
de Castelcayrock, Dns. Willelmus de Vallibus, Dns. 
Willelmus de Warthwick, Roland de Renegill, and 
others. 

A.D. 1252, 23d of August. — On the day when the 
lord the king came to St. Albans — namely, on the 
morrow of Saint Bartholomew — died Willelmus de 
Haverulle, canon of St. Paul's, the king's treasurer, 
who had spent many years of his life in the royal 
service. And at this time it was believed that the 
lord the king would appoint Johannes Franciscus to 
the office held by this Willelmus; but, owing to a 
rumor that this Johannes had died in a remote part of 
northern England, where he had gone ut contra 
quosdam religiosos placitaverat (to plead against cer- 
tain monks), the lord the king appointed (27th of 



462 WESTMORELAND. 

August, 1252) Philippus Lovell, clericus de scaccario, a 
prudent, eloquent, and generous man, to the office held 
by the deceased Willelmus de Haverhill. 

A.D. 1253 (circa June 29-30). — Pleas at West- 
minster before R. de Thurkelby, and other justices 
de Banco. Cumberland : Isabella, widow of Adam de 
Wygeton, by attorney appears versus Willelmus de 
Shelford, in a plea of the third part of the manor of 
Wygeton, and of Stainton, excepting one carucate 
and fourteen acres of land ; and in a plea of the third 
part of seventy-two acres and two bovates of land in 
Melmorby, — which she claimed as dower. Willelmus 
is absent, and made other defaults. The sheriff, 
ordered to summon him, reports he has no land in 
the county. Whereon JoJianucs Ic Frainiccys, keeper 
of the land of Walterus, son and heir of Odardus de 
Wygeton, says that he is in seisin of the aforesaid 
land and delivers her dower therefrom ; saving to Jo- 
hannes the crop presently on the land, and to Isabella 
her damages against Willelmus on account of her 
dower delayed to this very clay, which the sheriff is 
ordered to ascertain without delay. 

In the account of the Abbey of St. Mary of York, 
Mr. Francis Drake gives for the year circa 1253 no 
records of the sufferings that this abbey endured from 
the crown; but M. Paris gives for the year 1253 the 
following information: — 

At this time the abbot and convent of the Church 
of St. Mary at York suffered the greatest loss on ac- 



WESTMORELAND. 463 

count of a certain charter which their adversaries, 
among whom the most conspicuous was Johannes 
Francisais, clerk of the King's Exchequer, judged 
should be given up. They were therefore forced 
to pay a very large sum of money to the king, besides 
being deprived of lands and rents ; and for this reason 
the monks dispersed, and the noble church was in 
such confusion that it was open to danger and ruin. 
Besides, Johannes Franciscus persecuted in the same 
manner the Abbey of Selby, so that it suffered irrep- 
arable damage. 

A.D. 1254. — There is an interesting case in regard 
to the privileges of the liberty of St. Albans, which 
appears at an inquisition held at Chesthunte, in Hert- 
fordshire, without the bounds of this liberty, in which 
the community of St. Albans was summoned, while 
certain other persons of this liberty were cited to an- 
swer for trespasses on the exchange. As none of 
them appeared, they were amerced 100/. and 2^ 
marks respectively. King Henry HI., after inspect- 
ing the charters of the abbot of St. Albans, issues a 
writ to the barons of the Exchequer, wherein he 
states that the men of this abbot are not bound to go 
beyond the liberty for any summons ; and he there- 
fore remits the aforesaid amercement, commanding the 
barons of the Exchequer to make the villata and lib- 
erty quit of the 100/. and the aforesaid men of the 2^ 
marks. 

In response to the command of the king, received 



464 WESTMORELAND. 

by the barons of the Exchequer, Johannes Franceis 
issues a writ to the sheriff of Essex and Hertford, as 
is found in the writ of N. de Arderne, sheriff of these 
counties, addressed to the bailiff of the Hberty of St. 
Albans, wherein he commands him to carefully exe- 
cute the following mandate : — 

Henry, by the grace of God, etc., to the sheriff of 
Essex and Hertfordshire, greeting. Because it is 
known, etc., that Nicolaus le Especer, Alexander Stoil, 
Willelmus de Sandruge, and Reginaundus Aurifaber, 
men of this abbot, of the aforesaid liberty, have been 
amerced 25^ marks before Henricus de Mara and 
Willelmus de Wiltona, at Cheshunte, for the aforesaid 
trespass, therefore we order you to remit the demand 
on the villata of St. Albans of the aforesaid 100/., and 
the aforesaid 2^/^ marks on the aforesaid Nicolaus, 
Alexander, Willelmus, and Reginaldus, and permit 
them peace, and deliver them their cattle if you have 
taken them. Teste, Jiphanncs) Franceis, at West- 
minster, on the twenty-seventh day of June, 1254. 

A.D. 1254, 22d of July. — Willelmus de Ireby, Gilber- 
tus de Hauteclo, Johannes de Breyton, Willelmus le 
Escot, and Willelmus de Vans give the king 20s. for 
an assize of novel disseisin, before Alanus de Was- 
saund and Johannes le Frannccys. 

A.D. 1254. — Agnes, who had been wife of Johannes 
Luveles, gives the king i mark for an assize of novel 
disseisin held before Alanus de Wassaund and Johaji- 
7ies h' Fratinccys ; and the sheriff of Cumberland is 
commanded to take surety, etc. 



WESTMORELAND. 465 

A.D. 1255. — Radulphus Rychild' and Idonia, his 
wife, give the king half a mark for an assize of novel 
disseisin held before Johannes Le Franceys. And the 
sheriff of Norfolk is commanded to take, etc. 

King Henry III., in the forty-first year of his reign 
(1256-57), granted a charter in favor oi Johannes le 
Frau7iceys and his heirs, wherein he gave them per- 
petual free warren in all his demesne lands in the 
counties of Westmorland and Cumberland. Johannes 
le Fratcjiceys had also a gift, in this same year, from 
his sovereign, of six oaks to build his houses at Me- 
burn Maud, besides a present of six bucks from the 
forest of Englewood, while another gift of three stags 
from the same forest came from his royal master 
before the end of the year ; and, as a continued mark 
of royal favor, King Henry HI., in the forty -fourth 
year of his reign (1259-60), makes him a present of 
two more stags from the same forest of Englewood. 

A.D. 1257-58. — Johannes le Fratuiceys^ baron of the 
Exchequer, complained to the king that, when the 
king only took 20-5-. of an entire knight's fee for 
marrying his eldest daughter, Radulfus filius Radulfi 
filii Nicholai unjustly demanded from him 30.5'. for 
two-thirds of a knight's fee for marrying his eldest 
daughter, and that he had taken his cattle, and still 
retained them. And therefore the sheriff of the 
counties of Buckingham and Bedford is commanded 
to have him (Radulfus) to come before the barons, etc. 

A.D. 1258, circa June 16. — Pleas at Oxford before 



466 WESTMORELAND. 

H. le Bygod, justiciar of England, R. de Thurkelby, 
and H. de Bathonia, in a month from Holy Trinity. 
Cumberland : The sheriff sent the inquisition which 
he had been commanded to make as to the land 
and heir of Odard de Wigeton, certifying that 
Odard held of the king in capite the manor of 
Melmerby with its pertinents — namely, Steynton, 
Blakhille, and Wardwik — by cornage ; and its 
value was 20/. per annum. That Odard held in 
capite of W(illiam) de Fortibus, Earl of Albemarle, 
the manor of Wygeton by cornage; and it was 
worth yearly 15/. That Walter, Odard's son, was his 
next heir and twenty-one years of age and more. 
Hereon came John de Langeton and said on behalf 
of John Ic Frauccys, who held the manor of Melmorby 
in custody till the heir's full age, that Walter was not 
yet of age, and that the inquisition so taken by the 
sheriff was made by jurors who did not know his age. 
Walter, the heir, being present, says he is twenty-two 
years of age, and asks seisin. And moreover says that 
the Earl of Albemarle, of whom his father Odard held 
the manor of Wygeton, delivered seisin thereof to 
him as of full age, and took his homage. Further, 
that many of his neighbors (de patria ubi natus fuit) 
were in court, who knew and could testify to his age. 
And he produced Gilbert de Hauteclo, Nicholas de 
Metelthone, Peter de Ros, William de Lasceles, An- 
drew de Feugeres, Roger la Veyle, John Bakun, 
Nicholas le Taylur, and John de Ely, who say on oath 



WESTMORELAND. 467 

that Walter is of age, and will be twenty-two years old 
from the Assumption of the Blessed Mary (August 15). 
Asked how they know this, say it is evident from the 
inquisition before the sheriff at which they were 
present. And they say that John le Fraunccys was 
there, and removed several jurors, consenting to the 
others on the inquisition. That the Earl of Albe- 
marle made an inquisition in his court at Cokermue, 
and found that Walter was of age, and gave him his 
land. That the present king gave the custody of the 
manor of Malmorby to Walter, late Bishop of Carlisle, 
till the heir's age. The bishop demised it to William 
de Huntercumbe, and he to William de Shelford, 
and the latter to John le Fraunccys. The judgment 
of court is that the heir recover seisin, and the sheriff 
is directed to give it ; and the king has taken Wal- 
ter's homage. 

Johajines le Fraunccys died in or before the fifty- 
second year of the reign of King Henry III. (1267- 
68); for in that year Thomas de Wymundeham, pre- 
centor of Lichfield and royal treasurer, with Petrus 
Radenor, Archdeacon of Salop, executors of the testa- 
ment oi Johannes le Fraunccys, have given surety for 
themselves and their coexecutors to pay the debt 
which this Johannes owed the king at the day of his 
death. Therefore, the king commanded the sheriffs 
of Bedford, Cumberland, Kent, Lincoln, Westmor- 
land, and York, to give full administration to these 
executors. 



468 WESTMORELAND. 

Johannes le Fraiinceys, the baron of the Exchequer, 
of whom are found the preceding records under this 
heading of Maulds Meaburn, seems to have been the 
same person who held the manor of Rocliffe, in the 
county of Cumberland, and was there succeeded by 
Gilberhis le Fra2tnccys, who was a kinsman of this 
baron ; and, although the evidence is not quite clear, 
there is a certain amount of suspicion that Gilbertus 
and this Johannes le Frannceys were cousins. Their 
fathers, as previously stated, were Rieardus le Fraun- 
ceys and Hugo le Fratmceys, The manor of Meburn 
Maud, the chief seat of this baron of the Exchequer, 
also passed to Gilberhis le Fj'au7tceys. 

Gilberhis le Frannceys is noticed in the fourth year 
of the reign of King Edward I., when two justices 
were appointed to take the assize of mort d'ancestor 
arraigned by Rieardus de Preston against Gilberhis 
Frannceys and others, touching land in Newby. 

In the escheats of the sixth year of King Edward I. 
(1277-78) it is observed that Gilberhis le Franceys, 
besides having held the manor of Meburn Maud, held 
also the hamlet of Wykerslegh ; land, etc., in Scarlegh 
and Thirneby, in the parish of Morland ; messuages, 
etc., in Strickland Magna, in the last-named parish, 
also in Quale (Whale), in the parish of Lowther, 
besides the manor of Neuby, in the parish of Morland, 
and land, etc., in Crisseby (Crosby), in this county. 

A.D. 1279, November 12. — Grant to Roger de Clif- 
ford to farm during the minority of the heirs oj Gil- 



WESTMORELAND. 469 

bertus le Fratinceys, deceased, the manor of Meburn 
Maud, in the king's custody, out of the lands late of 
the said Gilbert. 

A.D. 1279-80. — Appointment of two justices to take 
the assize arraigned by (another) John Ic Fraunccys 
against Peter de Reysebeck and others, touching a 
messuage and land in Meburn Matill'. 

About this period is the following charter : — 
To all men, Thomas, son of Gilbertus de Culwenne, 
greeting in the Lord everlasting. Know ye that I 
have inspected the charters of my ancestors, which 
show that they have given and granted to God, the 
Blessed Mary of Holmcultram, and the monks serving 
God there and their successors, in free and perpetual 
alms, a piece of land on the bank of the water of Der- 
went, for their support from the fishery in that river, 
which place has been inundated and almost wholly 
carried away by a flood of the Derwent and the sea, 
so that they cannot have the necessaries for their sup- 
port from the fishery. And I aforesaid Thomas, for 
the salvation of my soul, and for the souls of my an- 
cestors and successors, will make good the aforesaid 
damage ; and therefore I give and grant for me and 
my heirs or assigns, to God and the Blessed Mary, 
and the aforesaid monks of Holmcultram, and their 
successors, the whole place adjoining the land of 
these monks on the north and east, which lies be- 
tween the furrow I have caused to be drawn and the 
sea, on the bank of the said water of Derwent, in rec- 



47 o WESTMORELAND. 

ompensation for parts of the aforesaid-destroyed place. 
To hold, etc. And I and my heirs or assigns will 
warrant in perpetuity, etc. In testimony of which, 
etc. Hiis testibus, Dominis Roberto de Feritate, 
Roberto de Hauirington et Thoma de Neuton, militi- 
bus ; Thoma de Ribbeton, Willelmo le Venur, Jo- 
ha7i7ics le Fraunceis de Mebornematild', Hugone de 
Brimfeld, Adam de Thorisby, Willelmo de Simon- 
derlawe, et aliis. 

The following record is of special interest as show- 
ins the inheritance in Meburn Maud. Ricardtis le 
Fratiuceys named therein, succeeded his father, Gil- 
bcrhis le Fraiinceys ; and this Gilberlus was the suc- 
cessor of Johannes le Fraunceys, the baron of the Ex- 
chequer. This Ricardtis le Fraiinceys, as already 
noticed in the records of Cumberland, assumed the 
surname of Vernon. 

A.D. 1284. — Placita de Quo Warranto of different 
counties, held at York, at the term of Holy Trinity, in 
the twelfth year of the reign of King Edward I., be- 
fore H. de Cressingham and his associates, justices 
itinerant. 

The lord the king, by his representative Rogerus 
de Hegham, claims versus Ricarcius le Frannceys one 
thousand acres of pasture, with its appurtenances, in 
Tybeye (Tebay in the parish of Orton, East ward), 
concerning which he said that King Henry, father of 
the present king, had it in seisin. 

Ricardtis was represented by his attorney, and de- 



WESTMORELAND. 



471 



manded view, which was arraigned to three weeks of 
Easter. 

The aforesaid Rogerus de Hegham, on behalf of 
the king, claimed of Ricardiis le Frainiceys the manor 
of Meburne Maud with its appurtenances, and said 
that King Henry, great-grandfather (proavus) of the 
present king, had lawful seisin of this fee, which he 
offers to verify. 

Ricardus by his attorney demanded view, which 
was arraigned to be in three weeks of Easter. 

And Ricardus le Fraunceys was summoned to an- 
swer to the king by what warrant he claimed to have 
free warren in all his demesne lands in Meburn Maud, 
and Neuby (Newby, in the parish of Morland), with- 
out the license and will of the king and his progeni- 
tors, the kings of England. 

Ricardus, represented by his attorney, said that he 
claimed the aforesaid warren by charter of King 
Henry HI., granted in the forty-first year of his reign 
(1256-57), which he showed, and which testified that 
this lord H., the king, had granted it to a certain Jo- 
hannes Ic Fraunceys (baron), consangvineus of afore- 
said Ricardus, who is his heir; and Johamies and his 
heirs have perpetual free warren in all his demesne 
lands, which he has as a gift in the counties of West- 
morland and Cumberland, and not being within the 
boundaries of the king's forest. 

And Rogerus de Hegham, attending on behalf of 
the king, asked that an inquiry be made to show if 



472 WESTMORELAND. 

the said Ricardus or his ancestors, after the execution 
of aforesaid charter, obtained any tenement in which 
the said liberty is held, etc., and what is the nature of 
holding, etc. 

Therefore, it was enjoined the sheriff that he sum- 
mons twelve jurors to appear in fifteen days after the 
day of Saint John the Baptist to make recognition, 
etc. 

A.D. 1293-94. — The king to the sheriff of West- 
morland, greeting. Petrus de Rasebech and Matilda, 
his wife, have shown us that they, when before the last 
justices itinerant of Westmorland, recovered seisin 
against Johannes, son of Willelmtis le Fraunceys, of 
two acres of land with appurtenances in Meburn Ma- 
tildae, by the recognition of an assize of novel dissei- 
sin taken between them. 




WILTSHIRE. 



GENERAL. 



I Richard I. (1189-90). — Robertiis le Franceys 
fined half a mark for the non-appearance of the person 
whom he had pledged. 

In the thirty-sixth year of the reign of King Henry 
III. (1251-52) there is a record of a charter in favor 
of JohmiJies le Fraiiceis. 

In the year 1339 Willelmus le Freiiche^ of Aueche- 
stone, quitclaimed, by charter dated at that place on 
Tuesday in the feast of All Saints, to Galfridus Pam- 
fader and Agnes, his wife, his right in a messuage and 
curtilage in le Apshous, in Auecheston. 

A.D. 1360. — Indorsement by the sheriff of Wilts to 
the writ of 34 Edward III. summoning Parliament: — 

I, Henry Sturmy, sheriff, by virtue of this writ 
have caused to be elected two knights of the most 
honest and discreet knights of the county, and two 
citizens of the most honest and discreet citizens of the 
city of New Sarum ; and of every of the underwritten 
boroughs — to wit, Downton, Calne, Old Sarum, and 
Chippenham — two burgesses of the most discreet and 
honest burgesses ; having full and sufficient power for 



474 WILTSHIRE, 

themselves and the commonalty of the same county, 
and for themselves and the commonalties of the cities 
and boroughs severally, for them to do and consent 
to those things which by the common council of the 
lord the king shall happen to be ordained, etc. 
And for the other boroughs of this county I have 
made a return of this writ to Willia77i French, bailiff 
of the liberty of Philippa, Queen of England, and 
to William Wyke, bailiff of the liberty of Ralph, 
Earl of Stafford ; namely, of his hundred of Kinvvard- 
stone, within which liberties the aforesaid boroughs 
are situated, — to wit, Marlborough, Malmesbury, De- 
vizes, Ludgershall, Cricklade, and Bedwyn, — the said 
bailiffs having the return of all writs of the lord the 
king: and the execution of the same. And the said 
bailiffs have given to me no answer thereupon. 



AMESBURY HUNDRED. 

DURRINGTON. 

At the pleas held at Marlborough, in the ninth 
year of the reign of King Edward I. (1280-81), Willel- 
mus de Gisselham, who follows on the side of the 
crown, claims versus Ervis Ic Frauuccys, of Derryng- 
ton', two virgates of land with its appurtenances in 
Deryngton, which he should have deforced the king ; 
concerning which he says that the lord, King Richard 
(I.), predecessor of the present king, held the said 
tenement in seisin. 



WILTSHIRE. 475 

And Ervis le Fraunceys came and defended his 
right against the king, etc., and the seisin of the afore- 
said King Richard, etc., and placed himself in the 
hands of the jurors of the king's great assize, and 
begged that a recognition should be made whether he 
or the king has the most right in the said tenement. 
The jurors said upon their oath that the aforesaid 
Ervis has more right to hold the said land as he 
holds it than the king, because, as they said, the lord 
King Henry, ancestor (proavus) of the present king, 
had granted the aforesaid land to a certain Hugo 
Huse, and no king of England had seisin of the said 
land after this donation. 

At the pleas held at Marlborough in the ninth year 
of the reign of Edward I., Willelmus de Gisselham, 
who follows on the side of the crown, claimed versus 
the prioress of Ambresbury three virgates of land 
with its appurtenances in Derinton. 

The prioress came by her attorney, and she called 
to warrant Gilbertus de Neyvile, who came by his 
attorney, etc. ; and she defends her right, and places 
herself in the hands of the jurors, etc. And the fol- 
lowing persons chosen for this purpose — namely, Ro- 
bertus de Lustehull, Ricardus de Upton, Elyas Bal- 
dek, Stephanus de Bristmerston, Johannes le Fitz- 
Aucher, Sinioji le Frenshe^ Bartholomeus de Cumpton, 
Elyas Cotele, Robertus Droys, Johannes Daungiers, 
Willelmus de Wodefaude, and Philippus Strong, 
knights, — said upon their oath that the said prioress 



476 WILTSHIRE. 

had more right in the said tenement, etc., than the 
lord the king. 

Simon Ic Frenchc was among the jurors at the pleas 
at the same place, in the same year, when Willelmus 
de Gisselham, following on the side of the crown, 
claimed versus Gilbertus de Neyvyle the manor of 
Dernyngton. 

Simo7i Ic Frenche, knight, was also among the 
jurors at a plea held at Wilton, in the octaves of 
Easter, 1281, when Willelmus de Gisselham, follow- 
ing on the side of the crown, claimed three hides of 
land in Dermyngton versus the abbess of Ambres- 
bury. 

NORTH TIDWORTH. 

A covenant was made at the feast of Saint Hilary, 
in the fifteenth year of the reign of King Edward I. 
(1287), between Walterus le Neere, of Okeburn, and 
Willelmus le Prous. knight, by which the said Willel- 
mus gave up his whole tenement, etc., in villa de 
Todeworthe. Testibus, Dominis Henrico Huse, 
Roberto de Mohun, militibus ; Philippo Ffrazinccys 
et aliis. 

WOKINGHAM. 

In 1327 the Parliament granted to King Edward 
III. the twentieth of the value of all the movable 
goods of every person except the clergy. 



WILTSHIRE. 477 

The record of the Wiltshire portion relating to 
Wokingham shows in this hundred, under the head- 
ing of Wokyngham and Mechene lyghe, that Willel- 
mus le Ffrensche paid 2^. 

A part of Wokingham belongs to the county of 
Wilts, though locally situated in Berkshire, a few 
miles east by south from Reading. 



BRANCH AND DOLE HUNDRED. 

A.D. 1275. — At an inquisition made at Sarum, on 
Wednesday next after the feast of Saint Gregory, in 
the third year of the reign of King Edward I., Gil- 
bertus Giffard and Simon le Frenche were among the 
jurors for the hundred of Dolesfeld. 

BERWICK ST. JAMES. 

A.D. 1257. — At the extent of the manor of Berwick, 
which had belonged to the deceased Patricius de 
Churtes, held on Sunday in the Vigil of Saint Martin, 
before Stephen de Melleford, coroner, and Ricardus 
le Rus, Simon le Fray nc he was among the jurors. 

FISHERTON ANGER. 

A.D. 1275. — At the inquisition held at New Sarum, 
on Thursday next after the feast of Saint Gregory, 



478 WILTSHIRE. 

in the third year of the reign of King Edward I., 
before Willehnus de Brayboef and Willelmus Ger- 
berd, the jurors say that Willehms Frazinceys had 
made an encroachment on the bank of the Avon, 
at Fisserton, eight years before, to the injury of the 
said bank, which is in the keeping of the king. 

A.D. 1285-86. — The inquisitio post mortem of Will- 
elmus Fraunceys shows that he held Fisserton juxta 
Sarum, and that Robertus, his son, was his next 
heir, and eleven years of age. 

A.D. 1285-96. — Magister Henricus de Bray, the 
king's escheator citra Trent, is ordered to take into 
the kinsf's hands all the lands and tenements of which 
Willelmus le Fraujieeys, who held of Robertus Waler- 
aud, died seized. 

MADDINGTON. 

A.D. 1250-72. — About this period there is a record 
that Gilbertus Giffard, Htigo Franceis, and Willelmus 
Frankleyn hold half a knight's fee in Madinton of 
Hugo Giffard, who holds of Elyas Giffard, who holds 
of the Earl of Sarum, who holds of the king. 

WILTON. 

Circa a.d. 1200. — Charter of Willelmus de Wilton, 
organist, of grant of land at Wilton, in the parish of 
St. Peter, Bullbridge, to the church of Sarum : — 

Know present and future that I, Willelmus de 



WILTSHIRE. 479 

Wintona, organista, son of Willelmus monetarius, 
with the consent of Ricardus, my brother, and Chris- 
tina and Matilda, my sisters, have given and granted 
for the souls of my predecessors, to God and St. 
Mary of Sarum, and the church of that place, all my 
land in Wilton, which is of the fee of the lady the 
abbess of Wilton, in the parish of St. Peter, Bole- 
brigge. To be hold in perpetuity with all its appur- 
tenances, in pure and perpetual alms, freely and 
quietly, wholly and entirely, with all its appurtenances 
and liberties; saving yearly thereof 75^^. to the 
abbess of Wilton, at the feast of Saint Peter ad Vin- 
cula, for all service and secular exaction. And I, 
Willelmus, and my successors will warrant and de- 
fend the said gift with all its appurtenances to God, 
St. Mary at Sarum, and the church there against 
all men and women in perpetuity for the aforesaid 
service. And, that this my donation and grant may 
continue forever, I have appended my seal to this my 
present charter. Hiis testibus, Jocelino, decano de 
Wiltone ; Johanne Ysembard, tunc praeposito ; Gil- 
bcrto Fra7icigena ; et toto halmoto dominae abbatissae 
de Wiltone. 

WINTERBOURNE STOKE. 

A.D. 1 34 1. — Edivardus Frensh was among the jurors 
of the parish of Wynterbournstoke at an inquisition 
at New Sarum, on Tuesday next after the octaves of 
the Purification. 



48 o WILTSHIRE. 

CAWDEN AND CADWORTH HUNDRED. 

SUTTON MANDEVILLE. 

2 Edward I. (1273-74). — Appointment of Martin 
de Littlebury to take the assize of novel disseisin 
arraigned by Margery de Cantilupe against William 
le Franccys, touching a tenement in Sutton-Mandvill. 

A.D. 1280-81. — At the pleas held at Marlborough, 
in the ninth year of the reign of King Edward I. 
Thomas le Venur and Willelmus Fratinceys were 
summoned to answer to the lord the king if they 
made the suit they owed to the king's hundred of 
Cade worth. 

Willelmus de Gisselham, who follows on the side 
of the crown, said that the aforesaid Thomas holds 
one hide of land with its appurtenances in Sutton ; 
and that the aforesaid Willelmiis holds one carucate 
of land in the same vill, for service of making suit to 
the said hundred ; and the lord. King Henry, father 
of the present king, was seized thereof in his demesne 
as of fee, etc. ' 

And Thomas and WillclniKs came, and they could 
not deny that they were due to make the said suit to 
the aforesaid hundred. Therefore, it was ordered that 
the king should recover the said suit to his aforesaid 
hundred. And Thomas and Willeli7i2is are in miseri- 
cordia. 



WILTSHIRE. 481 

CHIPPENHAM HUNDRED. 

CHIPPENHAM. 

In a charter of King Henry III., dated at Morte- 
lake, on the second day of May, 1227, he confirms 
many grants to the Abbey of Stanley in this county, 
among which is the confirmation of Durandus {le 
Franccis), son of Simoji {le Fraiiceis)^ of one mes- 
suage with its appurtenances in Chippenham, near 
the bridge of Avon, which Radulphus le Franceis 
had given in alms. 

A record of the original grant of Durandus le 
Franceis to this abbey appears as follows : — 

Durandus le Franceis confirms the donation of 
Radulphus le Franceis of one messuage in Chippen- 
ham, and quitclaims the \2d. rent due for the same. 

Anterior to King Henry's confirmation are the fol- 
lowing records of donations in favor of this abbey : — 

Confirmation by Durandus le Fra^iceis of one mes- 
suage in Chippenham, the donation of Ricardus 
Smud. 

The gift of Dicrandus le Franceis of one acre of 
meadow in Westmed, also another rent of 2s., besides 
a donation of a rent of iid. 

What appears to be of a later date are the succeed- 
ing donation records of the son of Dura7idus le 
Frajiceis : — 

The gift of JVillelmus, son of Durandus le Fran- 
ceis, of half an acre of meadow in Westmed. 



482 WILTSHIRE. 

The same Willelmus le Franceis remits the rent of 
dd. which was due him from this abbey for land held 
of him in Chippenham. 

LACKHAM. 

A.D. 1252. — Agreement made at the feast of Saint 
Michael between Sir William, chaplain, son of 
Robert, of one part, and William Bluet, lord of La- 
cham, of the other part, whereby the said Sir 
William gave to the church of St. Mary of 
Lacham the messuage and land which he had in the 
town of Lakoc of the tenement of Simon Urmeston, 
and the land which he had there of the tenement of 
Sybil la Frie, to remain to the use of the chaplain, 
celebrating divine service in the said church, forever. 

And for this gift the said William Bluet granted 
that the said Sir William should receive every year 
during his whole life \os. from Augustine, the miller. 
Witnesses, " Willelmo de Hortune, Willelmo de 
Kalva, Willelmo de Bingeham, militibus ; Roberto 
de Holte filio Walteri, Ricardo de Wike, Roberto 
de Holta clerico, Waltero de Sterkele, Htigone le 
Franceis, et aliis." 

SOPWORTH. 

A.D. 1 34 1. — Nicholaits Frensch was a juror of this 
parish at the nona return held at Malmesbury, on 
Friday next before the feast of Saint Gregory. 



WILTSHIRE. 483 

DAMERHAM, NORTH, HUNDRED. 

GRITTLETON. 

A.D. 1235-52. — Osbertus and Galfridus Fre7ise hold 
each here of the Abbey of Glastonbury half a virgate 
of land, giving a yearly rental of ^d. each, with con- 
ditional service. 

Among the other possessions of Galfridus Freiise 
it is found that he holds a croft in the field, as well 
as his neighbors, while, by favor, his croft was in- 
creased by half an acre. 

In continuation it is noticed that Galfridus Frense 
holds another croft, which was formerly alienated 
from the demesne of the Abbey of Glastonbury by 
Robertus Giffard, one of its monks, and added to this 
tenement, for which croft Galfridus pays yearly /^d. 



DAMERHAM, SOUTH, HUNDRED. 

DAMERHAM MANOR. 

A.D. 1235-52. — Damerham was the principal estate 
of the Abbey of Glastonbury in South Wilts. It was 
capute of a hundred now called South Damerham. 

Petrus Franceis holds here one virgate of land of 
the Abbey of Glastonbury, rendering a yearly rent 
of 5^-. at three terms; namely, at Michaelmas 2Qd., 



484 WILTSHIRE. 

at Christmas 2od., and at Easter 20^., besides \od. at 
Michaelmas as a gift to the larder, with specified 
service. 

Ricardus and Gerardiis Franceis hold here each of 
this abbey half a virgate, rendering each a yearly rent 
of 30^'. at three terms of the year; namely, at 
Michaelmas \od., at Christmas lod., and at Easter 
loc/., besides 5<f/. to the larder, — making each half the 
service due by one holding a virgate. 



MARTIN. 

A Willelmus de Tudepute, in the time of Rogerus, 
formerly abbot of Glastonbury (1252-59), held one vir- 
gate and a half with its appurtenances in Mertona, 
for a yearly rent of 5^-. A Reginaldus de Tudeputte 
held afterwards this tenement, and gave it to a Jo- 
hannes Coty, after whose death it descended to his 
daughter, Margcria, who did homage and fealty for 
the same to Galfridus Fromond, abbot of Glaston- 
bury, at Domerham, on Sunday next after the feast 
of Saint Andrew the Apostle, 1272. And thereafter 
Johannes Fraunceys, who married the said Margcria, 
held the aforesaid tenement for the same service and 
rent, as is shown in the new "Customaria" of the 
time of Adam, formerly abbot. This Johannes Fraun- 
ceys had a son, Stephanus Fraunceys. 



WILTSHIRE. 485 

ELSTUB AND EVERLEY HUNDRED. 

SHERRINGTON. 

A.D. 1 28 1. — At the pleas held at Wyltone before 
Salomon de Roffa and his associates, justices itiner- 
ant, in the octaves of Easter, in the ninth year of the 
reign of King Edward I., Willelmus de Gisselham, 
who follows on the side of the crown, claims versus 
the prior of St. Denis, of Dureford, half a knight's 
fee with its appurtenances in Schreveton. The jurors, 
among whom were Simon le Frenche and Gilbertus 
Giffard, say upon their oath that the said prior has 
more right in the said half a knight's fee in Scherene- 
ton than the lord the king. 



FRUSTFIELD HUNDRED. 

WHITE PARISH. 

A.D. 1330. — Johamies le Frensshe was among the 
jurors at the inquisition held at Alderstone, a tithing 
of this parish, to decide on the extent of the lands and 
tenements which had belonged to Ingelram Berenger 
in Aldredestone and Cot'mor'. 



486 WILTSHIRE. 

HEYTESBURY HUNDRED. 

HEYTESBURY SOUTH COURT. 

In 20 Edward III. (1347-48) Evcrardus le Frenssh 
released Johannes Strug from all actions against him. 
He appears to be identical with the Everardus le 
FraiLuccys, of Bristol, who gave a receipt in the pre- 
vious year to Johannes Strug for a certain sum of 
money. 



HIGHWORTH, CRICKLADE, AND STAPLE 
HUNDRED. 

A.D. 1255. — At the inquisition made at Wyltone on 
Sunday next after the feast of Saint Peter ad Vin- 
cula, in the thirty-ninth year of the reign of King 
Henry, son of King John, Hcnricus le Fraunceys was 
a juror of the hundred of Staple. 



PURTON. 

At the inquisition held at Purytone, on the nth 
of September, 1306, concerning the mill at Purton, 
Adam Fraunceys was among the jurors. 



WILTSHIRE. 487 

MALMESBURY HUNDRED. 

CHEDGLOW. 

A.D. 1291-92. — At the taxation of the Bishops of 
Winchester and Lincoln of the tenth of the temporal- 
ities of the abbot of Malmesbury, granted to Lord 
Edward, King of England, by the lord the pope, in 
aid of the Holy Land, for six years, in the twentieth 
year of the reign of this King Edward, Johannes le 
Frmuiceys paid lyid. at the day of Saint Martin, and 
lyid. at Hockeday, for land in Cheggelewe. 

HULLAVINGTON. 

Release by Nicholas de Pekynghulle, son of Roger 
de Pekynghulle, to Ralph, abbot of St. Victor, and 
the convent of that place, of all his rights in the 
vill of HuUavington which Richard, son of Gilbert le 
Fraunceis, had demised to him and his brother Roger, 
and which Bernard, formerly abbot of St. Victor, 
had demised to a certain Gilbert, son of Thomas, an- 
cestor of the said Richard, without the assent of the 
chapter. Dated August 16, 11 Edward IL (131 7). 

MALMESBURY. 

A.D. 1 1 99, 13th of October. — At the pleas, etc., of 
Michaelmas term the abbot of Malmesbury appointed 



488 WILTSHIRE. 

Stcphamis Franceis his attorney in a placitum terrae 
against Milo de Morlee. 

A.D. 1222-46. — To all faithful in Christ who see or 
hear this charter J, (John de Wells), by the grace of 
God abbot of Malmesbury, and the convent of this 
place, greeting in the Lord. We will that all shall 
know that we unanimously have granted, and by this 
our present charter have confirmed, to Ricardus de 
Albo Monasterio, son of Bernardus cappellanus, and 
his heirs two crofts in the vill of Malmesbury, with 
the dwellinsr-house built thereon, situated between the 
houses of Gervasus le Blunt and Ricardus le Paumer ; 
namely, those crofts which Alicia, daughter of Willcl- 
nms Frauiiccys, formerly held in Burneuallis, without 
the west gate. To be held freely and quietly to him 
and his heirs for a yearly payment to us of i6rf'. at two 
terms ; namely, at the day of Saint Austin, under the 
name of burgage, \od., and at the feast of Saint 
Michael 6^., saving the royal exaction and the suit to 
the burgh of Malmesbury belonging to this fee. And 
we and our successors will warrant the aforesaid 
crofts with messuage to the aforesaid Ricardus and 
his heirs. And in testimony of this our grant we 
have made him this charter, and signed it by our seal. 
Hiis testibus, etc. 

SOMERFORD. 

A.D. 1291-92. — At the taxation in aid of the Holy 
Land granted to King Edward L by the pope, already 



WILTSHIRE. 489 

referred to under Chedglow, in this hundred, Gilbcrtus 
Fi'-anceys^ tenant of the abbot of Malmesbury, paid 2d. 
for his tenement in this place. 



MERE HUNDRED. 

KNOLL. 

3 Edward L (1274-75). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
John le Fraunceys, of La Knolle, against Radulph de 
la Knoll and others, touching a tenement in Hynset. 

MAIDEN BRADLEY. 

Circa a.d. 12 10. — Confirmation by the dean and 
chapter of Sarum of an agreement between the prior 
of Maiden Bradley and Margaret Bisset : — 

To all faithful in Christ who see this writing, Ricar- 
dus, the dean, and the whole chapter of Sarum, eternal 
greeting in the Lord. Know all of you that we have 
inspected a certain charter sealed with the seal of 
the prior and convent of Bradelege, containing these 
words : — 

To all faithful who see this writing, Andreas, prior 
of Bradele, and the leprous brothers and sisters of this 
place, greeting in Christ. Know all of you that Hen- 
ricus Bisset, formerly patron of our house, had given 



490 



WILTSHIRE. 



to Margaret, his sister, because she lived unmarried 
and intended to do so, loo^. of rent in a certain 
place in the manor of Burgate, which rent this 
Margaret for a while possessed ; but, on account of 
the poverty of our house and for the leprous there, 
she gave and granted to us the whole aforesaid rent, 
to be held forever. She, choosing for her welfare and 
that of her ancestors to be in poverty, resigned in our 
hands the land which Henricus, her brother, had 
given her. But we, consulting with great and pru- 
dent men, granted her yearly during her lifetime 
twenty-six quarters of the best and purest corn from 
our house, to be delivered in her house at Bradele, 
when she needs it. We have also granted her in 
same way 49^. good money per annum, to be paid to 
her in equal portions in four terms ; namely, at 
Christmas, Easter, Midsummer, and Michaelmas. 
We also give her two pounds of pepper at Michael- 
mas ; and, further, the aforesaid Margaret shall receive 
the moiety of all the growth, besides the redditum 
assisum of the aforesaid tenement of Burgate during 
her lifetime. Besides, the aforesaid Margaret may 
have and hold in peace, possessing with all honor 
during^ her lifetime, the house in our court which she 
built for herself. We resolve, however, that after her 
decease the aforesaid house may be used by the lep- 
rous without any contradiction and vexation. In con- 
tinuation we promise before God to show her due 
honor and regard, and do nothing that will give her 



WILTSHIRE. 491 

trouble and inconvenience. We also give as fide- 
jussors for this grant ten freeholders of tenement in 
Bradele, etc., among which was Robertus Franccis. 

A.D. 1 2 74- 1 303. — Release from the convent and 
prior of Maiden Bradley to Ralph de Augens, alias 
Daungens, of all the common of pasture which they 
had upon Foxhull : — 

Know present and future that this is the covenant 
made between Hugo, prior of Bradel, and the convent 
of that place, on one part, and Radulfus de Augens, 
on the other part ; namely, that the aforesaid prior 
and convent have remised and quitclaimed for them- 
selves and their successors to the said Radulfus and 
his heirs all the common of pasture which they had 
"super Foxhull," — namely, that which is within the 
ditch made by this Radulfus. But for this remise 
and quitclaim the aforesaid Radulfus has quitclaimed 
for himself and his heirs to the said prior and convent 
and their successors all the common he had in Gate- 
bench and Francumb and in the pasture which is 
between the road extended to Selewod, as the water- 
course descends to the mill of Bradel from the fossa- 
tum which is in the extremity of Selewod, to the 
road which leads to the aforesaid mill. And that this 
covenant may be held faithfully and without fraud the 
aforesaid prior and convent had brother Johannes to 
certify for them and their successors ; and the afore- 
said Radulfus certified by his own hand for himself 
and his heirs. Hiis testibus, Willelmo de Augens, 



492 WILTSHIRE. 

Ricardo le Bygod, Aedwardo le Franceis, et multis 
aliis. Besides, the aforesaid prior and convent shall 
make a ditch between their land " super Gatebench " 
and the land of said Radulfus for the convenience 
and security of both parts. Testibus qui prius. 



POTTERNE AND CANNINGS HUNDRED. 

DEVIZES. 

A.D. 1295. — Gilberius Fraiinceys, junior, burgess, 
was returned for Devizes to the Parliament at West- 
minster on the 13th of November, which was pro- 
rogued to the 27th of November in the same year. 

A.D. 1 31 5. — Johannes Ic Frcnshc was a manucaptor 
of Willelmus de Codio, one of the two burgesses 
elected for Divizes to attend the Parliament at West- 
minster on the 20th of January, to be held upon 
certain arduous affairs, particularly concerning the 
state of Scotland. 

HORTON. 

A.D. 1 1 66. — In the survey for the collection of the 
aid for marrying the king's eldest daughter, which 
was returnable to the Exchequer on the i6th of 
March, 1166 (according to R. W. Eyton), it is 
observed in the account of the knight's fees held in 



WILTSHIRE. 493 

capite of the king in this county by the Bishop of 
SaHsbury that Hum/ridus Francigena, knight, held 
one knight's fee of him, — namely, three hides at Im- 
bemara and two at Hortona ; but the king had dis- 
seized him of the land at Imbemara. 



SELKLEY HUNDRED. 

LOCKERIDGE. 

A.D. 1293-94. — Maculinus de Harle, the king's 
escheator on this side of Trent, has recently taken 
into the king's hands one messuage and forty acres of 
land with its appurtenances in Lockerigge, which 
Philipptis le Frajtceys had assigned and granted in 
mortmain to the prior of the house of St. Margaret 
without Marleberg. 

MARLBOROUGH. 

In 3 John (i 201-2) Hugo de Nevill renders an 
account of the rents of Merleberge, of which Roberhis 
Franceis pays 10^. for the land of Flexeberge, which 
Radulphus Babau had held by the king's writ. 

A.D. 1221. — The king in a writ dated at Westmin- 
ster, on the twenty-fourth day of July, 1221, com- 
mands his constable of Marleberge to give full seisin 
to Robertus le Franceis of half a hide of land with its 



494 



WILTSHIRE. 



appurtenances in Flexberegh, which King John, when 
Earl of Moreton, had granted him. 

A.D. 1225. — The king to the barons of the Ex- 
chequer, greeting. Know ye that we, for the yearly 
rent which Matilda de Barbefle owed us for a certain 
mill in Marleberge, have received on the morrow of 
the feast of Saint James, in the ninth year of our 
reign, two pairs of gilded spurs by the hands of Ro- 
bertus de Meisy, constable of Marleberg, for the 
eighth and ninth year ; and for the rent which Rober- 
tiis le Franceis owed us for a certain virgate of land 
with its appurtenances in Bertona de Marleberg we 
have received from him, in the same place and on 
the same day, by the hands of the same Robertus de 
Meisy, two pairs of gilded spurs for the same years ; 
and for the yearly rent which Johannes de Viel owed 
us for one virgate of land in the same vill we have re- 
ceived in the same place, on the same day, by the 
hand of the same Robertus, four capons for the same 
years. And, therefore, we order you to acquit the 
aforesaid Matilda, Robertiis, and Johannes. 



WINTERBOURNE MONKTON. 

A.D. 1267. — An assize came to make recognition if 
Rogcrus le Frau7iceys and Hugo Aldred unjustly dis- 
seized Johannes Achard of his free tenement in Wyn- 
terburn, of the abbot of Glaston, about which was 



WILTSHIRE. 495 

made the complaint that they disseized him of the 
third part of a virgate of land with its appurtenances ; 
and Rogertis and Hugo did not come, etc. The 
jurors said upon their oath that the said Rogerus and 
Hugo had unjustly disseized the said Johannes of the 
aforesaid tenement as the writ shows. Therefore, it 
is considered that the aforesaid Johannes shall recover 
his seisin by view of recognitors, and Rogerus and 
Hugo are in misericordia. Damages, 6 marks. 

A.D. 1268. — Hugo, son of Adam Aldred, and Roge- 
rus Le Fraunceys give half a mark for a writ. And 
the sheriff of Wilts is commanded, etc. 



WARMINSTER HUNDRED. 

WARMINSTER. 

26 Edward 1.(1297-98). — Final concord between 
Gilbertus Fraunceys and Margareia, his wife, on one 
side, and Johannes le Squyer, on the other side, for 
one messuage, eighteen acres of land, 12^. rent, and 
pasture for six oxen and one horse in Wermenystre. 



WORCESTERSHIRE. 



GENERAL. 



A.D. 1 27 1. — Johannes, son of Johannes Le Fraun- 
ceys, gives half a mark for having a writ at that term. 
And the sheriff of Worcester is commanded, etc. 
Teste Rege, at Westminster, on the fourth day of 
November. 

WORCESTER CITY. 

A.D. 1226, on the twenty-seventh day of July, there 
is a record of Walterus de la Newelond, Willelmns le 
Fra7iccis, Walterus Burewald, and Nicholaus Coc, 
burgesses of Worcester, having made a fine with the 
king. 

In 1235 the citizens of Worcester granted the 
monks both of Reading and Leominster considerable 
privileges, but chiefly for the advantage of the latter. 

Charter. 

Be it known to those present and those to come 
that we, Adam filius Petri and Rogerus de Oxon. prae- 
positi Wigorniae, Robertus Neel, Aluredus le draper. 



WORCESTERSHIRE. 497 

Johannes Cumin, Petrus Colle, Johaiutes Fra7inceis^ 
Ricardus clericus, Robertas de sancto Godewello, 
Radulphus Cumpaninun, Alex, le draper, Albinus 
Franceis, Ricardus de Bureford, Johannes Prihc, 
Ricardus Cumin, Rogerus Cumin, etc., and the whole 
community of the city of Worcester, with the consent 
and will of that community, have granted in perpe- 
tuity, for us and our heirs, and by this our present 
charter have confirmed, to Adam, abbot of Reading 
(Berkshire), and the convent of that house, and their 
heirs wherever located in England, free ingress and 
egress from our vill of Worcester, and freedom in 
sales and purchasing of all kinds of merchandise, ex- 
cepting "coriis et pellibus recentibus, et pannis laneis 
crudis, et filo laneo," and perfect freedom to take their 
merchandise to their place in Bohale and without, 
free of all kind of toll, demand, payment for passage, 
stallage, bridge tax, as well as attendance of courts, 
fines, and suits, and all amercement within the fair 
and without, and all vexations, having all the liberties 
which the kings of England — namely, Henry, the 
founder of the church of Reading, and King Henry 
n., and King John, son of King Henry, and King 
Henry, the son of King John — have given them. We 
have made this grant for the unjust vexation which 
we have made to the said abbot and his men against 
the liberties of their charters, for which we have been 
sued before lord Willelmus de Eboraco, abbot of 
Tewkesbury, Willelmus de Insula, Radulphus de Nor- 



498 WORCESTERSHIRE. 

wiz, and Maur, le Butiler, the king's justices itinerant 
at Worcester, in the nineteenth year of the reign of 
King Henry, son of King John ; and because we will 
that the aforesaid grant may remain firm and stable 
forever to the said abbot and his men, without any 
vexation and impediment from us and our heirs, we 
have appended the common seal of our city to this 
writing. Testibus, etc. 

A.D. 1240. — P. Francisciis holds the land of Chut, 
in the parish of St. Clemence, of the priory of 
Worcester. 

A.D. 1240. — Willelmus Franays holds of the priory 
of Worcester the land of G. Marescallus, in the parish 
of St. Swithun, paying to the same priory 6d. quar- 
terly ; namely, at the feasts of Saint Michael, Saint 
Andrew, Annunciation, and Saint John. 

8 Edward 1.(1279-80). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned 
by Agnes le Mareschall against Walter le Framiceis 
and Isolda, his daughter, touching a tenement in 
Worcester. 

The Lay Subsidy Roll for the county of Worcester, 
circa 1280, edited for the Worcester Historical So- 
ciety, gives the following to be the earliest extant 
record of a lay taxation of movables in the county 
of Worcester. " Its date is somewhere between 1276 
and 1282. As, unfortunately, the title of the Roll is 
lost, it is impossible to fix the date with absolute 
certainty." 



WORCESTERSHIRE. 499 

" This Roll gives some interesting particulars about 
the city of Worcester, which was then divided into 
wards. Six of these correspond in name to six of the 
existing parishes ; but the seventh, ' Alta Warda,' is 
difficult to identify. It was the most populous and 
the richest of all the city wards." 

In this Roll are the following^ record of the sur- 
name of Fratmceis : — 

" Warda Sancti Clementis. 
De He7irico le Frainiceis vj d. 

Warda Omnium Sanctorum. 
De Petro Fra^icisco vj d. 

Warda Sancti Nicholai. 
De Simone Francisco v s. 

Warda Sancti Andree. 

De Johmine le Franceys viij sT 

Temp. Edward I., no date. — Deed poll, whereby 
Thomas de Cliftone, called le Knyst, citizen of 
Worcester, gives and confirms to Henry de Stodley, 
saddler, citizen of Worcester, in fee, a tenement, situ- 
ate between the donor's tenement and a tenement of 
Roger de Scheldesleye, in a street called Wodestathe 
Stret, in Worcester. To hold of the chief lords of 
the fee, paying yearly to Simoii le Fraunceys and his 
heirs 3i-. 6^. at the usual quarterly terms according to 
the custom of the said city, and ^d. for the support of 



500 



WOR CESTERSHIRE. 



a light before the cross in the Church of St. Andrew 
on the feast day of Saint Andrew ; and to Roger de 
Scheldesleye and his heirs \d. at Easter. The con- 
sideration for this grant was loos. Witnesses, 
Walter le Euneyse and William Colle, then bailiffs of 
Worcester, Hugh Lovet, and others. 

In the twentieth year of the reign of Edward III. 
(1346) Peter le Frenche, the preceptor of St. Wolstan 
in the city of Worcester, held two hides and a half 
in Chadeswicke and Willingwyke, which the pre- 
ceptor of St. Wolstan and Thomas de Lench for- 
merly held. 



BLACKENHURST HUNDRED. 

ALDINGTON. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280, of which notice is given 
in the account of the city of Worcester. 

Galfridus de Franceys, of this place, paid 2s. 6d. 

EVESHAM. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 12S0. — Rogerus le Freynse, of 
this place, paid \2d. 

NORTON. 

A.D. 1266. — Extent of the lands which belonged to 
Hugh Gutmund, of Norton (near Evesham), on the 



WORCESTERSHIRE. 501 

day he died, by the oath of Geoffrey Fraunceys, Ran- 
dulph Wyther, Richard de Moy, John de Herueton, 
Simon Herebert, of Norton, and Randulph Ernald, of 
Norton, who say upon their oath that the said Hugh 
held two virgates of land of the abbot of Evesham in 
the vill of Norton, doing suit at the court of the 
aforesaid abbot from three weeks to three weeks, and 
two suits at the two great hundred courts of the same 
abbot yearly, and one suit at the county court of 
Worcester from month to month. The said land is 
worth yearly 1 2^., besides the service aforesaid ; and 
his wife prays for her dower thereof. Ranulph is his 
eldest son and heir, and is of the age of eight years. 
Writ dated 2d of May, 50 Henry HI. 



DODDINGTREE HUNDRED. 

ASTLEY. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Galfridus Fraunceys, 
of Estle, paid i2d. 

BERRINGTON. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Johannes Fraunceys^ of 
Beriton (in Tenbury parish), paid 3i". 



502 WORCESTERSHIRE. 

HILLHAMPTON. 

To Master John Waleweyn, escheator citra Trent. 
Order to restore to the prior of Great Malverne a vir- 
gate of land in Hullampton, acquired by a prede- 
cessor of his of Richard de Arundell, and a moiety 
of a virgate in the same town, acquired from WiUiam 
de la Quebbe, and fourteen and a half acres of land 
in the same town, acquired from Clemcjit Fraunceys 
and William, his son, and twenty acres of land and 
three and a half acres of meadow in the same town, 
acquired from William le Hore, taken into the king's 
hands by the said escheator, on the grounds that they 
had been acquired after the publication of the statute 
of mortmain (7 Edward I., 1278-79), without license 
from the late or present kings, as it appears by inqui- 
sition that a prior of Malverne acquired them in 
fee ten years before the publication of the statute 
(1268-69). Dated at Westminster, on the 14th of 
June, 1 316. 

MARTLEY. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Robcrtus Franceys, of 
Martelee, paid 2s. 

SUTTON. 

A.D. 1240. — Robertus Franciscus, a free tenant at 
Sudintun of the priory of Worcester, " pro clauso ante 



WORCESTERSHIRE. 503 

hostium suum," paid yearly c)d. at the feast of Saint 
Michael, c)d. at the feast of Saint Andrew, <^d. at the 
Annunciation, and c)d. at the feast of Saint John. 
Also " pro equitatura " 2^^'. at all of the quarter days. 
A.D. 1240. — Johannes Franciscns holds, as a free 
tenant, half a virgate in Sudintun of the priory of 
Worcester, paying yearly 23^^^/. at the feast of Saint 
Michael, 233^^'. at the feast of Saint Andrew, 23%^^. 
at the Annunciation, and 233^(7!'. at the feast of Saint 
John the Baptist. Also at the feast of Saint Andrew 
254V., "pro equitatura," which seems to imply the ser- 
vice of a Rodknight. 



HALFSHIRE HUNDRED. 

KIDDERMINSTER. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Willelnius le Franceys, 
of Kydermunster, paid 1 2d. 

MORTON. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Hugo Franccys, of Mor- 
ton', paid half a mark. 

OLD SWINFORD. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Willclmus le Franceys, 
of Swyneford, paid 2Qd. 



504 WORCESTERSHIRE. 

RUSHOCK. 

A.D. 1296. — "Inquisition of the lands and tene- 
ments which were Henry I'Estormi at Rushuc, in the 
county of Worcester, made there, 24th of October, 
23 Edward I., by the oath of Stephen de Bosco, Rob- 
ert de Cakelade, John de Peremort, Thomas de . . . , 
Thomas de Hetheye, Richard Cocus, of Stone, 
Thomas de Barndel', Henry de Wynterford, Roger le 
Taylour, Robert atte Bathe, JoJin Franciscus, and 
Adam Wade, who say that the said Henry held a cer- 
tain messuage there, which he w^as unable to sustain, 
of William de Bello Campo, Earl of Warwick, by the 
service of making suit at the county court of Worces- 
ter and by knight's service. He held also there, of 
the same, a garden worth yearly 3^-. 4^/. ; three caru- 
cates of land, worth 1 6s. a carucate, sum 48^. ; eight 
acres of meadow, worth 2s. an acre, sum 165.; several 
pastures worth yearly Apd. There are there two viva- 
riis, the fishery whereof is worth yearly 5^-,; rents of 
assize of the free tenants amount to 4//., 10^.; rents of 
the villeins, 4//., 2^. ; there are no work of tenants. 
The pleas and perquisites of court are worth yearly 
half a mark. And they say that Henry I'Estormi, son 
of the aforesaid Henry, is next heir, and of the age of 
thirty years and more. Sum total, 12//. \Zs. \dy 



WORCESTERSHIRE. 505 

WELEY PARK AND SELLY OAK. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Under the heading of 
Weleye et Selleye, it is found that Ricardus le 
Frensche paid 2s. 6d. 

YARDLEY. 

6 Edward 1.(1277-78). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Adam Fraunceys against Robert de Mulledon, touch- 
ing common of pasture in Yerdesl'. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Adam le Fraitceys, of 
villata de Jerdeleye, then in Pershore hundred, 
paid 4^-. 



OSWALDSLOW HUNDRED. 

BEDWARDINE. 

5 Edward I. (1276-77). — Appointment of two jus- 
tices to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by 
Walter le Fraunceis against Richard Rolf and others, 
touching a tenement in Bedewardin. 

BLACKWELL. 

A.D. 1 240. — Willelmus Franceys holds half a vir- 
gate in Blakewell of the priory of Worcester, paying 
yearly 1 2d. at each of four terms. 



5o6 WORCESTERSHIRE. 

BORDSLEY ABBEY. 

A.D. 1251. — Covenant between the abbot and con- 
vent of Bordesley and Elizabeth, relict of Alexander 
le Blu. Witnesses, William Franceis and others. 



CUTSDEAN. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Radulphus Franceys, of 
Cotestone, paid 3^. 

GOLDICOTE. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Hamo Franciscus, of 
Caldicote (Shipston), then in Pershore hundred, paid 
I2d. 

HANBURY. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Rogerus le Franceys, of 
Hambury, then in Halfshire hundred, paid 2^. 

HARVINGTON. 

A.D. 1 240. — Johmtnes le Fraunccys holds in Herfur- 
tun, of the priory of Worcester, one virgate, consist- 
ing of twenty-eight acres, sixteen acres of which lie in 
one field, and twelve in another. 

A.D. 1240. — Johajines Frajiciscus holds a curtilage 
in Herforton of the priory of Worcester, paying 



WORCESTERSHIRE. 507 

yearly for the same zV^^- ^^ Michaelmas, 3^^. at 
Saint Andrew, 3^^. at the Annunciation, and 2)V^^' 
at the feast of Saint John. 

HIMBLETON. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Petrus le Fraiiceys, of 
Humelton, then in Halfshire hundred, paid 22d. 

HOLT. 

In the fifteenth year of the reign of King Edward 
I. (1341) Johannes le Frenche was a member of the 
jury of the parish of Holte. 

NETHERTON. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Ricardtis le Franceys, 
of Netherton' (Cropthorn), paid \^d. 

OMBERSLEY. 

In the fifteenth year of the reign of King Edward 
III. (1341) Johannes le Frensshe is found among the 
jurors of the parish of Ombresleye. 

OVERBURY. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Johannes le Fraficeis, of 
Ovenbury, paid 2s. 



So8 WORCESTERSHIRE. 

REDMARLEY D'ABITOT. 

Subsidy Roll, 1280. — Walterus le Franceys, of 
Rudmereleye, then in Halfshire hundred, paid 6i-. 



SHIPSTON ON STOUR. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Hcnricus Franceys, of 
Sipestone, paid 2od. 

A.D. 1 301 or 1302, February. — Robert, son of 
He7try le Freynces, of Schepiston, was manumitted 
by the hand of W. de Stok. 



SPETCHLEY. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1 280. — Thomas le Fraunceys, of 
Spechesley, then in Halfshire hundred, paid 5^. 



WESTMANCOT. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Adam le Franceys, of 
Westmonecote (Bredon), paid 3^-. 



WICK. 

31 Henry III. (1246-47). — Inquisition made by 
William de Draitona, Hugh de Molendino, Richard 



JVOJ? CESTERSHIRE. 



509 



Lamoc, Roger le Berd, Walter le Franceis, Adam le 
Fleccher, and others, who say that WiUiam Fitz- 
Hamon held Wica of the king in chief by the service 
of a quarter of a knight's fee. And there are there, 
of rents of assise, 566-. 2d.\ tallage, i mark. The 
custom of villeins, who hold four and a half virgates 
of land, are worth 57^. There are there, in meadow, 
eight acres, and they are worth 20s. by the year. 
The pasture is worth 3-s-. 6d. There is a little park 
there, worth ^s. by the year. The wood is in the 
forest of the king; and there is there a little garden, 
worth \2d. The dove-cot is worth 2^-. There are in 
demesne three carucates of land, worth 8/. by the 
year; and the advowson of the chapel belongs to Sir 
William Fitz-Hamon, and the chapel is worth 5 
marks. Also they say that those four and a half 
virgates of land in villeinage give 45-. 6d. ; and each 
virgate two hens at Christmas, price of a hen 2d.\ 
and every virgate gives four geese at the Gules of 
August, price i^<^. ; and a cottage gives nine hens, 
price c)d. From the free men of rent, of hens twelve, 
price \2d.\ of capons eight, price i2d. Sumi total of 
the value of the manor, 16/. 85-. -^d. Also they say 
Fitz-Hamon held of the king by knight's service in 
Tenford, which Nicholas de Haversham held of him 
by the service of rendering one sole falcon and the 
foreign service of the king. Also he held of the king 
one knight's fee in Maidewelle, which Alan de 
Maidewelle held of the said William by the service of 



5 1 o WOJ^ CESTERSHIRE. 

one knight. Alan, brother of Fitz-Hamon, is his 
next heir. No date. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Johannes le Fraunceys^ 
of Wyke Abbetot, then in Halfshire hundred, paid 2^. 



PERSHORE HUNDRED. 

ALDERMINSTER. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Walterus Francisctis, of 
Aldremoneston', paid 2Qd. 

BRITSMORTON. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Johannes Franceys, of 
villata de Morton Bree, paid 2s. 

LEIGH. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Thomas Fratmceys, of 
villata de Leya, paid 1 2d. 

PERSHORE. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — VVillelnins le Franceis, 
of villata de Persore, then in Blackenhurst hundred, 
paid 3^'. ; and Thomas le Franceys, of same place, 
paid 8</. 



IVOJ? CESTERSHIRE. 5 1 1 

STAUNTON. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Henricus le Frauuceis, 
of villata de Stanton, paid . 



UPTON SNODSBURY. 

Subsidy Roll, circa 1280. — Simon Franciscus, oi 
Uptone, paid 22^^. 




YORKSHIRE. 



GENERAL. 



A.D. 1189-90. — Hu7nfridus Ic Franceys is fined half 
a mark for not bringing whom he pledged. 

Walteriis le Franceis is amerced 38^-. 8^. for default 
in the same year. 

A.D. 1194-95. — Siluius de Cresto essoined himself 
for being sick beyond the sea, by Willielmus Mansepe 
and Willelmus le Franceis, in a plea wherein he was 
pursuant against Ricardus de Samere and his wife. 

A.D. 1205. — RadulpJnis le Franceis was amerced 
half a mark, and his sureties were Serlo ad Portam 
and Adam le Wilde. 

YORK CITY. 

Roger de Moubray, the grantor of the following 
charter, was still in his minority in 1 1 38. He was 
taken prisoner at the battle of Lincoln in 1142, went 
to the crusade with King Lewes in 1148, and in 
1 1 66 he was certified as holding eighty-eight knights' 
fees, together with one-third and one-fourth, " de veteri 
feoffamento," and eleven and three-quarters " de 
novo." The date of his death appears uncertain. 



YORKSHIRE. 513 

Charter. 

Rogerus de Mulbray to the Archbishop and chap- 
ter of York, and to all who see or hear this writing, 
greeting. May it be known to all that I have given, 
and by this my charter have confirmed, to God and 
St. Hylda of Whiteby, and the monks serving God 
there, for my soul and for those of my heirs and 
parents, the land which Reginaldus Poer held of me 
in Thorp (near by York) ; namely, six bovates of land 
and the meadow belonging thereto, with the common 
easement of the vill, and four dwelling-houses in 
York, — namely, three in Sceldergata and one on the 
bank of the river Ouse. And I and my heirs will 
warrant this alms and donation to the aforesaid 
monks of Whitby; and, in case of being unable to 
warrant, we will give them other land of equal value. 
Hiis testibus, Willelmo de Steinegrive, Rogero de 
Flamevile, Waltero de Templo, Waltero de Turchilby, 
Waltero de la Rivere, Willelmo de Magneby, Diriv, 
Willelmo de Houchesgard, Hyvone de Ugylbardby, 
Cliberno Biscop, Normanno Coco, Hugone Hos- 
pitario, Gaufrido de Bosco, Thoraldo Francigena, et 
multis aliis. 

Circa 1 200-3. — The assize came to recognize if 
Willelmus Rainkill had, unjustly and without judg- 
ment, disseized Radulphus Francigena and Matilda, 
his wife, of one toft with appurtenances in York, after 
the coronation of the king at Canterbury. The 



514 YORKSHIRE. 

jurors said that they would speak the truth, and after 
being heard would leave it for the justices to decide. 
And they then stated that Willelmus Rainkill 
brought a writ against Radulphus and Matilda in the 
Portmote, who came and vouched to warrant Ma- 
tildas son, who was present and warranted to her. 
And immediately afterwards the said son sold the 
land to the said Willelmus for i mark of silver ; but, 
when Radulphus and Matilda heard this, they forbade 
Willelmus to buy the land, and Matildas son to sell 
it. And they said that it was the inheritance of Ma- 
tilda, and not of her son. Matilda and her husband 
came, and freely admitted that they were impleaded 
in the Portmote, but they had never called Matilda's 
son to warrant, because the land is the right of Ma- 
tilda. The jurors, being questioned, said that the 
land is the right of Matilda, and not of her son. 
Therefore, it is considered that Radulphus and Ma- 
tilda may have their seisin ; and Willelmus is in mis- 
ericordia. The damage assessed by the jury was ^s. 

The monastery of Melsa (Meaux) received in the 
year 1235 a grant of land, with buildings thereon, 
in Fyshergate, in York, from Ricardus, a chaplain. 
Among other donations to this monastery at this date 
was a parcel of land from Robcrtus Fraitnceys. 

At the inquisition held at York on the ist of De- 
cember, 1272, Pctrus Franccis was among the jurors. 

At the inquisition held at York on the 30th of 
April, 1 281, Henricus Fraunceys, of Merston, was 
among the jurors, 



YORKSHIRE. 5 1 5 

EAST RIDING. 

BUCKROSE WAPENTAKE. 

NEWTON. 

A.D. 1297. — In this place, in the parish of Wintring- 
ham, Johannes Frauncays paid \2d. as his assessment 
for the subsidy of the ninth of personal goods, of 
which we find the following account : — 

" This grant of a ninth of personal goods was of 
very great importance in the constitutional history of 
England. It was a consideration paid by Parliament 
for a full confirmation by the king of all the liberties 
conferred by the Great Charter and the Forest Char- 
ter, and thus concluded a struggle between king and 
Parliament which had continued for over eighty 
years, — indeed, ever since its commencement with the 
first grant of the Great Charter by King John in 
1 2 15. Annexed to this confirmation by Edward I. 
was the celebrated statute, De tallagio non conce- 
dendo, which established the principle that no tax 
could be levied without the assent of Parliament. 
All through Edward's reign it had been the object of 
Parliament to obtain the concession of this principle, 
but until his necessities compelled the king to yield 
they had been unsuccessful. Lately he had been sin- 
gularly unfortunate in his wars both in Flanders and 
Gascony, and also in Scotland, where his troops had 



5i6 YORKSHIRE. 

been utterly defeated on Sept. lo, 1297, by Sir Will- 
iam Wallace, at the battle of Stirling. At home his 
position was quite as unfavorable. All classes were 
hostile to his policy. The clergy were irritated at the 
unjust seizure of a fifth of their goods, the merchants 
at the heavy tax levied on wool, called male tote, and 
the great nobles at his endeavor to restrict their fran- 
chises by writs of quo warranto and to make them 
amenable to the royal ofificers, whilst the common 
people were harassed and impoverished by many 
illegal exactions. 

" Finding it impossible by these means to raise suffi- 
cient money to carry on the wars which were then 
being waged, and as some of the chief barons refused 
to serve beyond the seas, the king was compelled to 
summon a Parliament. It was ordered to meet at 
London on the octave of Saint Michael, Oct. 6, 1297, 
under the presidency of his son. Sir Edward of Car- 
narvon, as he himself had crossed over to Flanders, 
on the 2 2d of August, so as to avoid the embarrass- 
ment of meeting a hostile assembly." 

The confirmation of the charters in the king's 
name was witnessed at Westminster in October, 1297, 
by Prince Edward, and by the king himself at Ghent, 
on November 5, following. It was afterwards sol- 
emnly confirmed by King Edward in a Parliament 
held by himself in person in the year 1 300. 



YORKSHIRE. 517 

SLEDMERE. 

A.D. 1284-85. — The fee of Ros, in this place, con- 
sists of five carucates and six bovates, of which fee 
Willelmus Fraunceys holds three bovates. 

The fee of Moubray, in this place, comprises eleven 
carucates and six bovates. Among those of this fee 
is Thomas Fraunceys., who holds one bovate. 

A.D. 1297. — Thomas Fraiincays paid \id. as his 
assessment for the subsidy of the ninth of personal 
goods, in villata de Sleddemer. 

WETWANG. 

A.D. 1297. — RobertMS Frauncays paid 13^^. as his 
assessment for the subsidy of the ninth of personal 
goods. 

WINTRINGHAM. 

A.D. 1297. — Willelmtis Frauncays paid \2d. as his 
assessment for the subsidy of the ninth of personal 
goods, in villata de Wyntringham. 



DICKERING WAPENTAKE. 

FLAMBOROUGH. 

A.D. 1297. — Roberttis Frauncays paid iS^;'. as his 
assessment for the subsidy of the ninth of personal 
goods, in villata de Fleynburgh. 



5i8 YORKSHIRE. 

GANTON. 

Matilda de Gaumeton in her widowhood (widow in 
1232), and Richard de Bozhale, her son and heir, 
granted to the Hospital of St. Peter at York a toft 
and croft in Gaumeton, now Ganton, which was con- 
firmed by her husband, Willehius Francigena de 
Gaumeton. 

HARPHAM. 

A.D. 1275-76. — Appointment of two justices to take 
the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by William le 
Fratinctys, of Harpham, against Adam de Evering- 
ham, Isabella, his wife, and others, touching com- 
mon of pasture in Harpham, Thornholm, Gransmoor 
(" Grancemor"), Haston, and Burton Agnes (" Burton 
Anneys "). 

This William Fraunceys, of Harpham, was proba- 
bly the same person who gave one oxgang of land in 
Harpham to the Abbey of St. Mary at York. 



HARTHILL WAPENTAKE. 

BAINTON. 

At the inquisition at Pokelington, on the 6th of 
August, 1279, of lands and tenements in Baynton and 
Nessingwyk (Neswick), the name of Waltcrtis Fraun- 
ceys is found among the recognitors. 



YORKSHIRE. 519 

BEVERLEY. 

A.D. 1297. — JohajiJies Frauncays paid \2d. as his 
assessment for the subsidy of the ninth. 

LOCKINGTON. 

A.D. 1296-97. — In the twenty-fifth year of the reign 
of King Edward I. Ricardiis Fraunceys and Nigellus 
Frattnceys, of Lockington, were among the suitors at 
the court of the bedern, or provost's court, in the 
town of Beverley, which extended over a wide district 
of more than a hundred parishes. 

MARKET WEIGHTON. 

A.D. 1284-85. — The king has here a fee of sixteen 
carucates, of which Adam Francais holds three 
bovates. 

HOLDERNESS WAPENTAKE. 

BEEFORD. 

A.D. 1279. — Gerard, the prior, and the convent of 
Bridlington confirm to Sir Ralph Gousle, knight, the 
toft in Beeford held of the priory by Alan Burdoun, 
of Winkton, in exchange for a toft held of the above 
Sir Ralph Gousle by Robert Franceys. Dated at 



520 YORKSHIRE. 

Bridlington, on the feast of Saint Michael, 7 Edward 
I. Attested by Sir James de Mora, William de 
Grimston, Ralph de Falconberge, and others. 



BURTON CONSTABLE. 

A.D. 1297. — Henricus Frmince paid i2d. as his as- 
sessment for the subsidy of the ninth, in villata de 
Burtona et Neutona Constable. 



COLYNGHAM. 

A.D. 1297. — Nicholaus Fraiincays paid \2d. as his 
assessment for the subsidy of the ninth of personal 
goods, in villata de Colyngham. 



ELSTERNWICK. 

A.D. 1297. — Stephanus Frmincays paid 16^. and 
Nicholans Frauncis paid 2s. 'X^d. as their assessment 
for the subsidy of the ninth of personal goods, in 
Elstanwik'. 

OTTRINGHAM. 

Circa 6 Edward I. (1277-78). — William de Las- 
celles, of Ottringham, confirms to Alan Langdyke 
and heirs all his land in a close, called Newcroft, in 
Ottringham Marsh, which he had of the grant of 



YORKSHIRE. 521 

William's son. Tested by William de Fontains, 
Alan Ulbright, William Franciscus, etc. 

Circa 10 Edward 1.(1281-82). — William de Lascell 
gives and confirms to Alan Langdale, of this place, 
and his heirs and assigns, seven acres and a half of 
arable land in this territory, and also meadow and 
pasture. Tested by William de Francais^ William de 
Pratis, William Fitz-Peter, etc. 

Rogerus, who was abbot of Melsa (Meaux) be- 
tween the years 1286 and 1310, makes a grant to 
Willehmis Franceys, of Otringham (near Meaux), of 
a parcel of land in that place for a yearly rent of 2s. 

PATRINGTON. 

A.D. 1297. — Ricardits Frauncays paid \\d. as his 
assessment for the subsidy of the ninth. 

RYHILL WITH CAMERTON. 

A.D. 1297. — The former place is in the parish of 
Skeckling, the latter in that of Paul. Johan7ies 
Fraun{c)ays paid 1 2d. towards the subsidy of the ninth. 

SIGGLESTHORNE. 

A.D. 1297. — Towards the subsidy of the ninth of 
personal goods in this place Alicia Frauncays paid 
2s. id.^ Ricardics Frauncays paid 20^., and Walterus 
Frattnceys paid 2s. 2^^. 



522 YORKSHIRE. 



OUSE AND DERWENT WAPENTAKE. 

At an inquisition held in the fourth year of the 
reign of King Edward I. (1275-76) the jurors said 
that Waltcriis Franays was neghgent in attaching 
Robertus de Tresk, a felon. 



NORTH RIDING. 

BULMER WAPENTAKE. 

MYTON. 

The following grant is probably of the latter half of 
the twelfth century. In it the grantor confirms the 
gift of his father, Robert de Maisnil, which was made 
before the year 1 1 1 3. 

Be it known to all, as well future as present, that I, 
Stephanus de Maisnil, have given in free alms to the 
abbey church of St. Mary, York, the vill called Miton, 
placing this my donation upon the altar of aforesaid 
church as free as any donation can be given. And 
I grant it forever, in pure alms, for the soul of my 
father, Robertus de Maisnil, who before made this 
donation to the aforesaid church, and for the soul of 
my mother, and for my soul and those of my wife, my 
sons, my parents, and my friends. I also grant in the 



YORKSHIRE. 523 

same way to the said church one carucate and a half 
of land in Suttuna, near the bridge, on that side of 
the river Derwent which is nearest the city of York, 
for which alms I have been admitted in the chapter 
to the fraternity of this convent of monks. Among 
the witnesses is Walterus Fraunccs. 



GILLING, WEST, WAPENTAKE. 

APPLEGARTH. 

30 Edward I. (1301-2). — In this "pX-SiCQ Jo kii Fraun- 
ceys paid \'^d. as subsidy. 

BARFORTH. 

A.D. 1275-76. — Appointment of two justices to 
take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by Richard 
le Fratniceis against Geoffrey Gerewell and others, 
touching a tenement in Hereford. 

BARTON NEAR MELSONBY. 

29 Edward I. (i 300-1). — John, son of Ivo de Hert- 
ford, versus Grimbaldtis le Fraunces^ in a plea of land. 

31 Edward I. (1302-3). — Grmibaldus Fraunceys 
sued Richard de Vernun, 3d (son of Gilbertus le 



524 



YORKSHIRE. 



Fraunceys) in a plea that he should warrant to him 
a messuage, one hundred and sixty acres of land, six 
acres of meadow, and half a mill in Barton near Mel- 
sonby, in County Ebor., which John de Hertford 
claimed against him. The plea was postponed. 

A.D. 1303-4. — John de Hertford versus Richard de 
Vernon, 3d, whom Grimbaldus Ic Fraunceys called to 
warranty of the aforesaid tenement ; and the said 
Richard called to warranty William, son of Nicholas 
le Botiller, who was under age. 

A.D. 1309-10. — Gryrnbaldtis Fraunceys appeared by 
attorney against Richard de Vernon in a plea that he 
should appear in court to warrant to him the afore- 
said tenement, which had been valued at 14/. 14^-. 6^., 
and which John de Hertford claimed as his right. 
Richard did not appear, and the sheriff was ordered 
to summon him for the morrow of Saint John the 
Baptist. 

A.D. 1 316- 1 7. — John de Hertford claimed versus 
Robert, son of John Fraunceys, one messuage, ten tofts, 
forty acres of land, and six acres and a half of 
meadow, and half one mill in Barton-juxta-Melsonby, 
which he claims as his right and inheritance, and of 
which William de Kendale unjustly disseized Alan 
de Hertford, plaintiff's grandfather, whose heir he is. 
The defendant said that Grimbaldus, his tcncie, whose 
heir he is, died seized of the said lands in his own 
right as of fee, after whose death he entered therein, 
and is now under age. Adjourned accordingly. 



YORKSHIRE. 525 

A.D. 1330-31. — Thomas, son of John de Hertford, 
sued Thomas, son of WilHam de Moubray, for a 
messuage and one hundred and forty acres of land, 
and six acres of meadow, and half a mill in Barton 
near Melsamby. Thomas, son of William, called to 
warranty Robert, son of John Frannceys, who appeared, 
and warranted the tenements to him ; and as regarded 
one acre of land and one and a half acre of meadow. 
Robert called to warranty Thomas, son of John de 
Hodelleston of County Ebor., and as regarded the 
residue of the tenements he called to warranty Will- 
iam de Vernoun, the kinsman and heir of (great- 
grandson of) Gilbert le Fraunceys, who is to be sum- 
moned in the counties of Stafford and Westmorland. 
And he stated that the said Thomas, son of John, and 
William de Vernoun were under age, and prayed that 
the suit might be made a remanent till their full age. 

Thomas, son of John, stated they were all of full 
age, and prayed that they might be summoned ; and 
the sheriffs of the counties of York and Stafford were 
ordered to summon them in a month from Easter. 



BOWES. 

About four miles south-west from Barnard Castle, 
formerly the seat of the Balliols, is this parish. Its 
manor originally included the township of Boldron, 
which is located about two miles from this castle. 



526 YORKSHIRE. 

2 J Edward I. (1298-99). — Thomas de Bolron 
claimed against John le Harper and Alicia, his wife, 
Stephen de Bowes and Johanna, his wife, John Ra, 
John, son of Henry de Bowes, William Wetteherne, 
Nicholas, son of Peter, Hugh le Fletcher, Adam 
Fraunceys, Thomas Tollere, Alan le Meyre, and Reg- 
inald, son of Sampson de Bowes, for having unjustly 
disseized the plaintiff of his free tenement in Bowes 
and Boldron. In this same year the claimant asked 
leave to withdraw his suit against them. 



CALDWELL. 

A township adjoining Stanwick, in the parish of 
St. John. 

50 Henry HI. (1265-66). — John le Fraunceys 
claims against Matilda (de Vallibus), who was the wife 
of Thomas de Multon, custodian of the body of 
Roald, son of Roald, son of Alan, and Peter de Sa- 
baudia, the custodian of the lands of the said heir, 
warranty of the third part of the manor of Caldewell, 
which Alan de Lascelles and Isabella, his wife, claim 
against him, by right of latter's dower from her first 
husband, Roald, son of Alan. 

There appears to have been an earlier assize held 
at York, in the thirty-fifth year of the reign of King 
Henry III., in regard to this manor, in which the same 
John le Fraunceys is one of the defendants. 



YORKSHIRE. 527 



DALTON. 



In the Domesday Book there is a record that Gos- 
patric had in this place three and a half carucates: 
the earl holds them. 

One authority states that Roald le Fraunceys gave 
land in this place to Warin de Travers, of Dalton 
Travers ; but of this conveyance we find no record. 
The same authority gives a record of the grantee in 
2 Richard I. (i 190-91), and further states that he died 
25 Henry III. (1240-41). 

23 Henry III. (1245-46). — John Fraunceys claimed 
against Robert Travers two bovates of land with ap- 
purtenances in Dalton. 

30 Henry III. (1245-46). — John son of Peter, 
who took a writ of diversion of a certain watercourse 
in Dalton Travers, to the injury of plaintiff's freehold 
in Dalton Travers, against Robert Travers, did not 
come, and was in contempt with his sureties ; 
namely, Robert de Wassington and JoJui le Fraunceis^ 
of Dalton. 

Fine, Trin., 2P Henry III. (1246), between John le 
Franceys, plaintiff, and Robert Travers, defendant, of 
four acres of land with the appurtenances in Dalton ; 
and the said Robert acknowledges the said land to be 
the right of the said John, which Robert le Franceys, 
father of the said John, had, by the gift of Warin 
Travers, father of the said Robert, whose heir he is, 
to hold to the said John and his heirs of the said 



528 YORKSHIRE. 

Robert and his heirs forever, at the yearly rent of 
12^., payable half at Pentecost and half at the feast 
of Saint Martin, for all services. In consideration 
whereof the s-^id Jo/ui gave the said Robert one soar 
hawk. 

There is another Dalton in this same wapentake, 
called Alia Dalton in Domesday survey, which record 
shows that Gospatric holds one manor in this place, 
which is waste. Gospatric had a son Dolfin, who, 
according to a published pedigree, had a son Roger, 
mentioned as Roger de Dalton, who appears to have 
had a daughter and heir, Wiltmai, said to have mar- 
ried Norman Travers, who, in right of his wife, was 
seized of Alia Dalton, which was afterwards called 
Dalton Travers, and finally Gayles. 

Adam Travers, of Dalton Travers, son and heir of 
Robert Travers, living in 46 Henry III., was defend- 
ant in a plea at the suit of Gilbert le Frauncis, touch- 
ing lands in Dalton Travers. 

7 Edward I. (1278-79). — An assize was taken to 
ascertain if Isolda, who was the wife of William, son 
of Alicia de Neusum, William Werry of Dalton 
Travers, and John Frauiiccys, unjustly disseized 
Adam, son of John le Frminceys, of Dalton Travers, of 
ten bovates of land with the appurtenances in Dalton 
Travers, whilst he was on his journey to Jerusalem. 
And John de Carleton came, and answered for the 
defendants, as their bailiff, etc., and for the said Will- 
iam he said Adam unjustly brought this suit against 



YORKSHIRE. 529 

him, because he held by the gift of said Isolda, and, if 
the others disseized the said Isolda, he did not know ; 
and he afterwards said that the said Adam was never 
in seisin of the said land, therefore they could not 
unjustly disseize him, which the jury confirmed, and 
the plaintiff was in contempt for a false claim. 

In 15 Edward I. (1286-87) i^ Dalton Travers 
there were three carucates of land (and twelve made 
one knight's fee), of which William Werry held one 
carucate, Jokii Frankes three bovates, Henry, son of 
John, one bovate, Richard, son of Wychard de 
Charron, held twelve bovates of Hugh de Ask, who 
held of the earl, and the earl of the king. 

In 30 Edward I. (130 1-2) Emma Frankyse paid 
a subsidy of five and three-quarters pence. 



FELDOM. 

This place was in the parish of Marske, about six 
miles north-west from Richmond. 

19 Edward 1.(1290-91). — An assize was taken at 
York to ascertain if John de Britannia, /t'/^;^ Fraun- 
ceys, and five others unjustly disseized the abbot of 
Jorvalle of one hundred acres of wood, twenty acres 
of land, and half an acre of moor, with the appurte- 
nances, in Feldom. 



530 YORKSHIRE. 

GILLING. 

This place is located about three miles north-west 
from Richmond. 

In 30 Edward I. (i 301-2) Adam Frankays, of this 
place, paid a subsidy of 45. Y^d, 



MARSKE. 

30 Henry III. (1245-46). — At this date there is 
a record that John le Fraiinceys^ of Marske, was surety 
of Roger, son of Robert de Mersk. 



MELSONBY. 

52 Henry III. (1267-68). — At Richmond, Adam, 
son of Hugh de Neyrford, and Alicia, his wife, Roger 
de Melsamby and Simon, his son, Theobald, parson of 
the church of Melsamby, the abbot of Jorevalle, John 
Frau7iccys, and others were summoned to answer 
Henry, son of Robert de Stanwegges, touching his 
right to common of pasture in Melsamby, of which 
Walter Fayirbarne, grandfather of said Henry, whose 
heir he is, was seized in his demesne as of fee as be- 
longing to his freehold in Staynwegges, etc. The 
defendants appeared by their attorney, etc. 

The jury say upon oath that the said Walter did 
not die seized of the said pasture in his demesne as 



YORKSHIRE. 



IZ 



of fee as belonging to his free tenement in Stayn- 
wegges. Consequently, Henry, son of Robert de 
Staynwegges, was fined for a false claim. 



HANG, EAST, WAPENTAKE. 

GREAT AND LITTLE FENCOTE. 

A.D. 1269-70. — In the fifty-fourth year of the reign 
of King Henry III. the king grants a charter to Ala- 
nus le Fraimceys of the land of Fencotes near by 
Flecham, and the land of Fencotes near by Sturneton, 
in the county of York, besides the land of Badeling- 
ham, in the county of Cambridge. 

The jurors stated at the inquisition held in 1275-76 
that he had free warren in his land in this wapentake 
by a charter of King Henry III. 

It appears by an inquest made before John de 
Kirkby, treasurer of King Edward I., in the fifteenth 
year of his reign (1286-S7), that in Magna and Parva 
Fencotes there are nine carucates of land which make 
one knight's fee. Of these, Willelmus de Holtby 
holds three carucates and a half of Alanus le Fraun- 
ceys. Besides this land, Alanus holds five carucates of 
Hugo filius Henrici, who holds of Henricus filius 
Conani, who holds of the earl, who holds of the king. 



532 YORKSHIRE. 

LANGBARUGH WAPENTAKE. 

GUISBROUGH PRIORY. 

The surnames of Fraunccys and Bruce, identified 
with this district, were found in the Cotentin of Nor- 
mandy at an early period as grantors or as witnesses 
to charters. Robci^t Fraunccys was one of the few 
recorded knights of the second Robert de Brus, who 
founded this priory in 1 1 19, near his castle of Skelton, 
the name of this Robert Fraunccys, knight, appearing 
soon after the death of the first Robert de Brus, in 
circa iioo, as one of the witnesses to a charter to the 
neighboring Abbey of Whitby. 

It is not unlikely that prior to the year 1204, when 
King Philippe Auguste reunited the province of Nor- 
mandy to the crown of France, the Franccis, like the 
Bruces and many other persons, held landed posses- 
sions both in that province and in England. 

At a later date than the record already given of the 
surname, on observation it will be found that William 
Franccis paid in the Cotentin in the year 11 80 a fine 
of 10^., and Roger Franccis paid in the same location 
a fine of 30.?. in the year 1 195. 

In the Guisbrough district it is noticed that a Will- 
iam Franccis or Francns was a witness to a charter 
which had the confirmation of King Henry II. in 
1 182. The grant was made by Walter Ingerram to 
the Church of St. Mary of Gyseburn ; and in it he 
refers to his overlord, Adam de Brus II. 



YORKSHIRE. 533 

The next account observed of the Franceis having 
feudal relations with the Bruses appears in the An- 
nandale of Scotland, where the records of circa 12 18, 
as given by Mr. Bain, show that William Franceis 
was the father of Roger Fra?iceis ; and thereafter, dur- 
ing this and the early part of the fourteenth century, 
the name of William Fraunceis is perpetuated in the 
Scotch archives, while Roger Franceis is unnoticed 
in Scotland after the first period. But at a later time, 
down to about the year 1300, the same Christian 
name is found in the records of Levingthorp, a place 
which belonged at the Domesday survey to the manor 
of Aclum, which was among the many manors given 
to the first Robert de Brus by William the Conqueror. 
Apparently, in after years, the priors of Guisbrough 
became overlords of Levingthorp, as Roger Franceis 
and seven other freeholders of that place made suit to 
the prior's court at Thornaby. 

The following charter already alluded to had the 
confirmation of King Henry II. in 1182: — 

Be it known to all who hear this writing that I, 
Walterus Ingerram, have given and granted, in free 
and perpetual alms, to the Church of St. Mary of 
Gyseburne, and the canons serving God there, the 
churches of my land ; namely, the church of Erne- 
clive and two bovates of land with an adjacent man- 
sion, the church of Welleberg' with two bovates of 
land and an adjacent mansion, the church of Haslin- 
tune with half an acre of land and a mansion, to- 



534 



YORKSHIRE. 



o-ether with the chapel of the other HasHntuna, 
excepting the half carucate of land of forinsec ser- 
vice. Saving the benefice of the parsons who hold 
the churches ; namely, Willelmus, who holds the 
church of Welleberge, and Robertus, parson of the 
churches of Erneclive and Haslintune. This dona- 
tion I have made for myself, my wife, and my sons, 
and for my lord Adam de Brus (2d), and for the souls 
of my father, mother, and my paternal uncle, Willel- 
mus Ineerram, and for the souls of Robertus de Brus, 
and Adam his son. Hii sunt testes, Alexander de 
Lium, Albanus Presbiter, Johannes Niger, Willelmus 
Franc2is, etc. Teste etiam Capitulo Clivelandae. 

A.D. 1230-50. — Willelmus Forestarius and Gun- 
dreda, his wife, granted, in free and perpetual alms for 
the safety of their souls, and for some pence received 
of Stephanus and Robertus, masters of the work, to 
God and to the Fabric Fund of the Church of St. 
Mary of Gyseburne, the land which lies near the 
highway to Holdebec, on the west; namely, nearly 
one acre and a half which Willelmus Forestarius had 
received with his wife, the aforesaid Gundreda. Hiis 
testibus, Rogero Canonico de Rypum ; Willelmo 
Clerico de Beverlaco ; Pch^o Fraunces et multis aliis. 

Rogcriis Franceys, of Levyngthorp (Linthorp, near 
Middlesbrough), was among the free tenants of the 
priory of Gyseburne ; and he made suit to the court of 
Ralph, the prior, at Thornaby, who held this office 
between 1262 and 1280. 



YORKSHIRE. 535 

The same Roger Fraunceis appears again in the 
two following notices of assizes of the fourth year of 
the reign of King Edward I. (1275-76). The first 
was an appointment of two justices to take the assize 
of novel disseisin arraigned by Osanna, daughter of 
Humphrey de Leuingethorp, against Roger Fratmceis, 
touching a tenement in Leuingethorp. 

The other was a similar appointment of the same 
date, in a like case, between the same parties, in 
regard to a tenement near by in Middlesbrough 
(" Mildeburg "). 

The rent-roll of this priory of circa 1300, in the 
part relating to Levingthorp, shows two entries of the 
name of Rogerus le Fraunceys. The first states that 
he paid 2)^. for three bovates of land, and the second 
that he paid ^d. for two bovates. 

In the same rent-roll relating to this place is a 
Radulphtcs Fraunceys who made fealty, on the Mon- 
day next before the feast of Saint Dunstan, a.d. 1299, 
to the lord the prior of Guisbrough, for one toft and 
one croft in the vill of Levingthorpe, paying for the 
same at Guisbrough 2d. on the 14th of September. 



KIRKLEATHAM. 

Kirk-Letham, called in old records Lythum or 
Lythunum, about four miles to the north of the 
market town of Guisbrough. 



536 YORKSHIRE. 

Circumstantial evidence associates this place with 
Johannes le Fraunccys, Francigena, etc., the parson of 
Caldebeck in Cumberland. In the records of that 
county for the year 1249 it will be found that Pope 
Innocent IV. granted, on the solicitation of King 
Henry III., a dispensation to Johannes dictus Fran- 
cigena, clericus regis, to receive another benefice, if 
granted in England ; and in the following year the 
same pope addressed a mandate to the Archbishop of 
York in favor of Johannes dictus Francigena, clericus 
of the illustrious King of England, in which he com- 
mands that, notwithstanding his impaired sight, etc., 
no hindrance be given to his promotion to superior 
orders. 

This chain of evidence, with the following supple- 
tion, indicates that this place came to him as the re- 
sult of the mandate : — 

A.D. 1253. — Suppletion to yi?//;^ dictus Francigcna, 
of whatever defect there may be in the papal dispen- 
sation granted to him, to hold the rectories of Lithum 
and Ronay, in the diocese of York. 

A.D. 1254. — Papal mandate to Johannes dictns 
Francigena, clericus regis, to grant a dispensation to 
Henricus de Galdington (his kinsman), rector of the 
church of Grossemer (in Westmorland), in the diocese 
of York, value 10 marks, to hold an additional bene- 
fice with cure of souls. 

In continuation, the chronicles of Matthew of West- 
minster show, under the date of 1255, a record of the 



YORKSHIRE. 537 

death of Johannes Franciscus {le Fraunceys), domini 
regis clericus praecipuus. He was stricken with 
paralysis, and was lamented (" siccis lacrimis ") by the 
monks of St. Mary of York and of Selby. This is the 
period assigned for the death oi Johannes le Fraunceys 
[Francigena), who died as parson of Caldebeck, his 
successor, Alan, having succeeded him in that place 
prior to the year 1257. 



PICKERING WAPENTAKE. 

AISLABY. 

A.D. 1261-62. — By an inquisition held in the forty- 
sixth year of King Henry III. it is found that Will- 
elmus Fraunceys held one bovate and one toft in As- 
lakeby, near Pickering, of Ricardus de Aslakeby, for 
an annual rent of 4^-. 

IRTON. 

A.D. 1 31 5, January 20. — To John de Evre, escheator 
beyond Trent. Order to deliver to Eleanor, late the 
wife of Henry de Percy, tenant in chief, the knights' 
fees assigned to her as dower, among which was a six- 
teenth of a fee in Irton, in County York, which Ri- 
cardus Fraunce holds, for the yearly value of '^s. 



538 YORKSHIRE. 

WHITBY STRAND LIBERTY. 

WHITBY ABBEY. 

Hugh Lupus d'Avranches, Earl of Chester, heredi- 
tary viscount of Avranches in Normandy, and a 
nephew of King William I., became lord of Whitby 
soon after the Conquest, and died on the 27th of July, 
iioi. He granted Whitby to William de Percy, of 
the Cotentin in Normandy. This William de Percy 
was the father of Alan de Percy, whose charter is 
found amons the archives of the British Museum. 
In it he conveys to the " Ecclesiae S. Petri et S. 
Hildae de Wyteby, et monachis illius loci," the vills 
which Tancardus Flandrensis sold to Willelmus, 
abbot of Wyteby, and the monks of that place ; 
namely, " Figelingam et aliam Figelingam, Norman- 
neby et Haukesgard," with all their appurtenances ; 
besides confirming to the monks all the lands, forests, 
pastures, and woods in his fee held by the abbey 
within specified limits. This grant is made for the 
safety of the souls of his lords, the kings of England 
and their heirs, and Hugo, Earl of Chester, and for 
the safety of his own soul, and those of his parents 
and heirs. The first witnesses were the grantor's 
brothers, Willelmus, Walterus, and Ricardus de 
Perci. The next witness was Robertus de Brus et 
tres de suis militibus, Rogerus de Rosels, Wydo de 
Lofthous et Robertus ffraunccys. 



YORKSHIRE. 



539 



The Rev. J. C. Atkinson, commenting on this char- 
ter, gives the period of its execution between the 
years 1097 ^^<^ iioi. 



WEST RIDING. 

AGBRIGG WAPENTAKE. 

NORMANTON. 

Circa 1250. — Know present and to come that I, 
Alan le Franceis, of Normanton, and Ysoulda, my 
wife, have granted, surrendered, and quitclaimed, for 
us and our heirs and successors, to Nostell Priory 
all that tenement which we held of it, in the territory 
of Huntewicke; namely, one messuage and half an 
orchard with the appurtenances in the town aforesaid, 
and three roods of land lying in Bonderodos, between 
the land of William Admey and Henry de Hunte- 
wicke. 

Ysoulda survived her husband, and confirmed the 
grant. 

QUICK. 

A.D. 1297. — At the valuation of the personal goods 
for the subsidy of the ninth it is found that Gilbertus 
le Fraunsays, of Quyk, has two oxen (boves), worth 
each 56-. ; seven quarters of oats, worth 9^. a quarter ; 



540 YORKSHIRE. 

one horse (affrus), worth 2s. 6d. ; and one hogget, 
worth ()d. 



BARKSTONE WAPENTAKE. 

SELBY. 

Circa 1235. — Charter of Johannes, son of Johannes 
Juvenis : — 

Know present and future that I, Johannes, son of 
Johannes Juuenis, of Seleby, have given and granted, 
and by this my present charter have confirmed, to 
Henricus, my brother, and the heirs of his body, for 
his homage and service, one toft, with buildings 
thereon, in the vill of Seleby; namely, that in Mikel- 
gate on the hill, near by the toft of Willelmiis le 
Fraunceys, on the west ; and the moiety of the assart 
which belonged to Adam Marescallus, situated below 
the park of Brayton. To have and to hold in fee and 
inheritance of me and my heirs, free, etc., with all its 
appurtenances, in the vill of Seleby. Witnesses, 
Dominus Ricardus de Kellesby, then abbot of Seleby, 
etc. 

In another charter, without date, but probably of 
the same period as the preceding charter, is a record 
of Willelmus le Fraunceys, the grantor being Ro- 
bertus, son of Radulfus de Thorp, the grantee the 
abbey of Seleby ; and it conveys one acre of meadow 
at Bardelby, near by Holsick, and not far from the 



YORKSHIRE. 541 

meadow of WillelmiLS le Fraunceys. Johannes Juue- 
nis being a witness. 

A.D. 1255. — To all who see or hear this writing, 
Johannes Camerarius, of Seleby, Walterus Capella- 
nus, Thomas de Drayton, Radulfus de Hanburg', 
Henricus Juuenis, Alauus le Fratinceis, Walterus de 
Scotton, Johannes Tannator, Thomas de Hayton, 
Martinus Tannator, Willelmus Pipin, Rogerus Bay, 
Ricardus Hund, and the whole villata of Seleby, 
greeting. Know that we, with the consent and will 
of all our free tenants of this vill, have granted and 
quitclaimed for us and our heirs to God, St. Ger- 
manus of Seleby, and the monks serving God there, 
all the right and claim we have " in bosco del Est," 
and the herbage in the same bosc, which is enclosed 
by the ditch ; reserving for ourselves the herbage in 
the remainder of said bosc outside the ditch ; and, 
further, the reservation of pannage for our swine in 
aforesaid bosc, provided the abbot and convent will 
receive foreign swine with their own. In testimony 
of which we, Johannes Juuenis, Walterus Capellanus, 
Alamis le Fraunceis, and the others, in the presence 
of the abbot and convent, for the whole villata of 
Seleby, have appended our seal. Given at Seleby on 
Sunday next after the feast of Saint Ambrosius, 1255, 
in the presence of dominus Thomas de Stanford, the 
king's clerk, and others. 

There are two other charters, probably about the 
last-named date, wherein the same Alantis le Frauii- 



542 



YORKSHIRE. 



ceys, of Seleby, appears. One of these is the grant 
by Willehniis Popelow and Agnes, his wife, formerly 
wife of Johannes, son of VVillelmus Forestarius, to the 
abbey and monks of Seleby, of the land which this 
Johannes held in the territory of Thorp, wherein it is 
stated that for the greater security Henricus Juuenis, 
of Seleby, and Alamis Francisciis, of the same place, 
have appended their seals, together with the grantors'. 
The other charter is that by which Hugo de Thorp, 
son of Robertus de Thorp, grants to the same abbey 
and monks, of Seleby, several rents of land in the vill 
and territory of Bardelby, among which is a rental of 
2d. of Alamis le Fratuiccis. 

The following charter of Hcnriciis Fraiuiceys must 
have been executed soon after the death of his father, 
Alamis : — 

Know present and future that 1, Henricus^ son and 
heir of Alamis le Fraunceys, of Seleby, have given 
and granted, and by this my present charter have 
confirmed and quitclaimed, in pure and perpetual 
alms, for me and my heirs, to God, the Church of St. 
Germanus of Seleby, and the monks serving God 
there, and their successors, a piece of land in the vill 
of Seleby, upon the river Ouse, with the buildings 
thereon, as it is extended in length and breadth, 
which land Alamis, my deceased father, held of these 
monks in the said vill of Seleby. To have and to hold 
by the aforesaid monks and their successors, in pure 
and perpetual alms, as above stated, in perpetuity, 



YORKSHIRE. 543 

freely and in peace, with all its appurtenances and 
easements. And I, the aforesaid Heiiricus^ and my 
heirs will warrant and acquit the aforesaid land to 
the said monks and their successors, in testimony of 
which I have appended my seal. Witnesses, Hen- 
ricus Siward, of Selby, Rogerus le Marescal, of the 
same place, and others. 

The date of the second charter of Henriciis Frmni- 
ceys may be somewhat indicated by the second term 
of Thomas de Whalley as abbot of Selby, which 
began in 1269 and ended in 1280. 

Know all, present and future, that I, Heiiricus 
Fraunceys, of Seleby, have given and granted, and by 
this my present charter have confirmed, to God, the 
Church of St. Germanus of Seleby, Thomas, the 
abbot, and the convent of that place, one toft in the 
vill of Seleby, which I lately held there, situated be- 
tween the toft of Johannes, son of Ranulfus de Seleby, 
and the hospital in said vill. To have and to hold of 
me and my heirs by the aforesaid abbot and convent 
of Seleby, freely, quietly, etc., reserving ^d. to Jo- 
hannes, son of Ranulfus de Seleby, to be paid by the 
aforesaid abbot and convent. And, that neither I nor 
others may have any claim to the aforesaid donation, 
I have appended my seal to this present charter. 
Witnesses, Hugo Mar, of Brayton, etc. 



544 YORKSHIRE. 

CLARO WAPENTAKE. 

ALDFIELD. 

A.D. 1277, December 22. — Thomas Fraiinchcays 
was among the recognitors who had for their consid- 
eration the extent of certain land at Aldefelde (near 
the town of Ripon). 

STAINBURN. 

The Historical Manuscript Commission gives no 
date for the two following early charters : — 

Elyas, son of Knut, of Stainburne, gives to Agnes, 
daughter of Yngerode, his sister, and her children by 
Hugh, the chaplain, for homage and service and 28^-. 
of silver, one toft in Stainburne of half an acre of 
land ; namely, that toft lying between his toft and 
garden and the house of W. le Frauceis, and four 
acres and a half of arable land in the fields of the 
said vill, etc. Witnesses, Nigel de Plupton, Peter 
his son, John his son, William de Marton, Matthew 
de Bram, Walter de Stokkeld, Robert son of Uckem 
of Plumpton, Walan chaplain of Stainburne, Robert 
son of Henry of Sikkelinghale, Robert Bongaut, 
Gilbert Lardiner, Henry le Screvin, Adam son of 
Gregory of Stainburne, and many others. 

William Alebastarius gives to God, etc., and Fon- 
tains Abbey one bovate of land in the territory of 



YORKSHIRE. 



545 



Stainburne, with the appurtenances and easements 
within and without the vill, — namely, that bovate 
which he held of Helyas, the son of Cnut, in frankal- 
moign — but doing foreign service as much as pertains 
to one bovate where fourteen carucates of land make 
one knight's fee. Witnesses, Helias the son of Cnut, 
William clerk of Stainburne, W. le Franceys, Adam 
the nephew of William Alebaster, Hameric de 
Castells, and others. 



MORLEY WAPENTAKE. 

NORTH OWRAM. 

A.D. 1379. — Janyn de ffraunce and his wife, of 
Northourom, paid 4^. as poll-tax. 

" This subsidy was granted at the accession of 
Richard II. in the form of a graduated poll-tax, from 
10 marks, at which the Duke of Lancaster was 
charged, down to j\d. for each individual of the com- 
mon people not being a notorious mendicant, and 
being above the age of sixteen years. Married people 
are charged at a single rate. The tax was levied on 
the laity only." 

STAINLAND. 

A.D. 1272. — The manor of Wakefield is situated in 
this and Agbrigg wapentakes. Within its bounds 



546 YORKSHIRE. 

were held four court leets or sheriff tourns. At 
the tourn at Brighouse, in this year, among the jurors 
was Henry Frmiceys, of Staynland. He was probably 
the same person who gave, at Bramley, one neif called 
Ive with five acres of land to the neighboring Abbey 
of Kirkstall. Another gift in the same place to this 
abbey was that of Adam Raynvile, who gave a toft 
and croft occupied by William Frauncays. 



OSGOLDCROSS WAPENTAKE. 

ADLINGFLEET. 

A.D. 1245. — John Ic Franceys, or Franc igena, has 
the church of Adelingflet at the presentation of Roger 
de Mubray, as keeper of the heir of Robert de Ayvill. 

A.D. 1253. — Mandate to J., cardinal of St. Laurence's 
in Lucina, to assign to John Francigena, rector of 
Athelingflete, in the diocese of York, the proceeds of 
the men and towns of Usefleth, Witegift, Redenes, 
Swineflet, Esketoft, and thirteen bovates of land of 
the fee of the abbot of York in Haldanebi, and other 
matters arisen in the suit between the said John and 
the abbots of St. Mary's, York, and of Selby, about 
the chapel of Witegift ; those being excepted which 
by the award of the archbishop, dean, and precentor 
of York have been adjudged to the adverse party. 
Given at Lateran, 10 Kal. January, 1253. 



YORKSHIRE. 547 

A.D. 1256-57. — John Fra7iciscus sought replevin of 
land in Whitegift against the abbot of St. Mary, 
York. 

He appears to have destroyed the chapel of Whit- 
gift, removing the stones to Athelingflet with which 
he built for himself a house. After some lapse of 
time, arrangements were made for rebuilding it. 



DARRINGTON. 

A.D. 1 209. — Plea between Reginald Franccis and 
Wimima, his wife, complainants, and Thomas, son of 
Alice, tenant, of half a bovate of land with the appur- 
tenances in Darthington. The right of Thomas, etc. 



POLLINGTON. 

A.D. 1379. — Thomas ffranc he and Elena, his wife, 
of villata de Polly ngton, paid a subsidy poll-tax of \d. 



PONTEFRACT PRIORY. 

The honor of Pontefract was restored to Henry de 
Lacy, apparently early in the reign of King Stephen, 
by the Empress Maud. A few years later, in 1159, 
on the day of the dedication of the Church of Ponte- 
fract, Henry de Lacy granted a charter in its favor. 
To this charter Jordan Foliot was a witness. 



548 YORKSHIRE. 

Henry de Lacy gives his consent to and witnesses 
the second charter of Jordan Foliot to this abbey, and 
appears to have died sometime before the year 1189, 
at which date his son Robert was one of the barons 
who attended at the coronation of King Richard I. 
These facts, together with other circumstantial evi- 
dences, seem to indicate that the following second 
charter of Jordan Foliot must have been executed 
about the year 11 70. 

Charter. 

Be it known to all the sons of the Holy Mother 
Church, as well present as future, that I, Jordanus 
Folioth, have given and granted, in pure and perpet- 
ual alms, and by this my charter have confirmed, for 
the welfare of my soul, and those of my ancestors and 
heirs, to God, St. John, and the monks of Pontefract, 
the west mill at Nortun. This mill and the house 
at the same, with all appurtenances, I have given, 
granted, and by this my present charter confirmed, 
on the morrow of Christmas Day, the day of Saint 
Stephen, on which day the monks gave me a fur 
gown as recognition and in testimony thereof. 
Among the witnesses are Henricus de Lasceyo (as 
before mentioned), Willelmus Foliot, Otto de Tilli, 
Osbertus archidiaconus tunc dapifer Hugonis de 
Tilly, and Fulco Franceis. 



YORKSHIRE. 549 

SKYRACK WAPENTAKE. 

ABERFORD. 

A.D. 1276-77. — Appointment of two justices to take 
the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by Julimiay 
daughter of Radulph le Fraunceys, of Aberford, 
against John Whicheland, of Lotheron, touching 
a tenement in Luterington. 

ALLERTON BY WATER. 

A.D. 1379. — Johannes de ffraunse and his wife, of 
Allerton juxta aquam, paid a subsidy poll-tax of 4^. 

HARWOOD. 

On the 28th of March, 1264, after the death of 
Baldwin de Reviers IV., Earl of Devon, an inquisi- 
tion was held as to the extent of the manor of 
Harewde, near Leeds, by which it appears that Rober- 
tus Fraunceis held one toft for an annual rent of 
\s. \d. 

HEADINGLEY. 

A.D. 1379. — Willelmus de ffraunce and his wife, of 
Heddinglay, paid \d., and Johannes de ffraunce, of 
same place, paid \d. towards the subsidy poll-tax. 



550 YORKSHIRE. 

RAWDON. 

Rowdon was a township in the parish of Guiseley. 
There was a grant of land in this place wherein 
Michael, son of Adam de Rowdon, in the time of 
Henry III., by his deed confirmed to God and the 
monks of Kirkstall all the land which Huzh de Fran- 
ces held of him in the vill of Rawdon. Witnesses, 
Nicholas Ward, and Simon, his brother, and many 
others. 

WIKE. 

A.D. 1280-81. — Appointment of two justices to take 
the assize of mort d'ancestor arraigned by Adam le 
Fraunceys against Walter, the abbot of Kirkstall, 
touching a messuage and land in Wyke, near Hare- 
wood. 



STAINCLIFFE WAPENTAKE. 

DENT. 

A.D. 1275-76. — Appointment of two justices to take 
the assize of novel disseisin, arraigned by Henry de 
Staneley against Richard le Fraunceis and others, 
touching common of pasture in Denete. 



YORKSHIRE. 551 

STAINCROSS WAPENTAKE. 
BARNSLEY. 

Circa 1 1 70. — Be it known to those present and 
those to come that I, Radulfus de Capricuria, and 
my sister Beatrix, have granted and given to God, 
and the monks of Pontefract, the vill of Bernesleya, 
in bosc and plain, in mill, in waters and meadows, 
with all its appurtenances, in free and perpetual alms, 
for our souls and those of our ancestors and heirs, by 
the consent of my sons, Jordanus and Ricardus. The 
aforesaid monks of Pontefract have also, for this dona- 
tion, granted that they will make a monk for our 
mother, and another for my sister, and a third for my- 
self, who shall pray expressly for us. They have also 
granted to receive me as a monk whenever I would 
desire it And for the recognition of this gift the 
monks have given my sister 10 marks of silver, and 3 
marks to me, and shall yearly give me a fur gown and 
boots. They gave also a palfrey to my son Jordanus, 
and 5 marks to my son Ricardus. And I, Radul- 
fus de Caprecuria, confirm this donation by the im- 
pression of my seal; and, if any of my heirs should 
attempt to break or lessen this grant made in favor of 
my soul and that of my sister, then God may destroy 
his freedom of life. Teste, Henrico de Lascey in 
cujus praesentia haec donatio facta est et Matilde 
matre sua, Ricardo Franceis, et aliis. 



552 YORKSHIRE. 

Jordan de Capricuria confirmed this his father's 
gift before the year 1181. 

A.D. 1379. — Alicia ff}' ail lice, Qiv'\\\.?X2i de Breneslay, 
paid 4rtC towards the subsidy poll-tax. 



STRAFFORTH AND TICKHILL WAPENTAKE. 

A.D. 1275-76. — At an inquisition held in this year 
the jurors stated that Walteriis le Fraiinceys and 
Simon de Ledes, bailiffs, took half a mark of Radulfus 
Fullone for peace ; also of Rogerus de Breteles, whom 
they had imprisoned, los. for the same reason; and 
of Thomas de Breteles 4^-. for peace. Besides, 
Thomas Lorimer paid lo^-. for having protected a 
certain robber. 

The jurors also state that Walteriis Fraunceys and 
Simon de Ledes, bailiffs of the wapentake of Straf- 
ford, had taken js. of the vill of Edelinton for having 
respite with the debt due the king. 

They further say that Johannes de Horbire, coro- 
ner, and Walteriis Fraunceys, bailiff of the wapentake 
of Tickhill, have taken gifts for neglecting to enforce 
the law, as is shown by the inquest. 

CADEBY. 

A.D. 1297. — Johannes Fraunceys, of Cateby, in the 
parish of Sprotborough, paid \'$>d. as his assessment 
for the subsidy of the ninth of personal goods. 



YORKSHIRJ^. 553 

ROTHERHAM. 

A.D. 1297. — At the taxation for the subsidy of the 
ninth of all personal goods granted by the Parlia- 
ment to the king for his confirmation of the Great 
Charter and the Forest Charter, it is found that 
Thomas Fraitnays, of Roderham, had one cow, value 
^s. ; one quarter of wheat, value 2s. 6d. ; two quarters 
of oats, value 2od. Sum total, 9^. 2d., the ninth of 
which, amounting to is. and if. was to be paid. 

SKINTHORP. 

A.D. 1284-85. — Thomas Trans' paid (a fine of) i2d. 
to the wapentake, and 2d. to the sheriff's aid, for 
Skynthorp, which he held of Petrus de Malo Lacu, 
for one fee. 

TICKHILL. 

A.D. 1379. — Robertus Frayussche and Sibilla, his 
wife, of villata de Tykhill, paid \d. as subsidy poll-tax. 

WADVVORTH. 

A.D. 1379. — Thomas Tranche and Margareta, his 
wife, of villata de Wadworth, paid \d. as subsidy poll- 
tax. 




NDEX 



A., junior queen, 249. 

Abbe, John, 292. 

Abbendon, Abbyndon, Abyndun. 

Abbot of, 17. 

Main', monk of, 323. 

Stephen de, mayor of London, 244. 

Walter, monk of, 323. 
Abbeys, see names of. 

Abedun, Peter, cliaplain of St. Paul's, London, 251. 
Abel, John, and wife Alice, daughter of Walter de 

Keningford, 340. 
Abemare, Reginaldus de, 349. 
Abemun, John de, 409. 
Abhomine, Cristiana, 240. 
Abiton, Rogerus de, steward, 179. 
Achard, Archard. 

Johannes, 494. 

Robert, 161, 162. 
Acria, Alexander de, bailiff of the earl of Warren, 2S4. 
Acton, Johannes de, 379. 
Adam, clerk of Henry II., 44S. 
Admey, William, 539. 
Adrian, John, 244. 

Agrnodesham, Walter de, commissioner, 333. 
Agodeshalf, Geoff ry, provost of Bristol, 144. 
Ailesbir, Johannes de, 294. 
Aili, Fulco de, 345. 
Ailintone, Aylington, Aylinton. 

Archard de, Philip, his son, and Lady Ysoud, wife 
of Philip de, 185. 

John de, and John, his son, 186, 189. 

Leticia de, Isabel, her daughter, and Matilda and 
Robert, daughter and son of Isabel, 1S5. 
Alayn, Aleyn. 

Johannes, 156. 

Stephen, 242. 
Albemarle, Aumarle. 

Earl of, 466, 467. 

Willelmus de, 99. 
Albeneio, Albeneyo, Albenio, Albini. 

Rogerus de and Willelmus, his brother, 217. 

William de, ist, 278, 279, 2S0; Matilda, his wife, 
daughter of Roger Bigod, 279, and Nigellus, 
Oliverus, and Willelmus, their sons, 279; Willel- 
mus de, 2d, 2S0. 



Albhiiaco, Henry de, 314. 

Albo Monasterio, Ricardus de, 4S8. 

Aldeby, Hugo de, knight, 270. 

Alderhegs, Walterus de, knight, Simon, his nephew, 

and Simon, son of Simon, 397. 
Aldred, Adam, 495, and Hugo, his son, 494, 495. 
Alebaster, Alebastarius. 

William, 544, 545, and Adam, his nephew, 545. 
Alexander, Nicholaus, 44. 
Alienor, wife of Prince Edward, 86. 
Alkeshull, John de, 24. 
Alnwick, abbots of, 302. 
Alphonso, king of Arragon, 23. 
Aita Ripa, Adam de, iii, 168. 
Alvered, Rogerus, 63. 
Amar, Rogerus de, 323. 
Amblie, Gaufridus de, 395. 
Ambresbury, abbess (prioress) of, 475, 476. 
Ambroys, Rogerus, 32. 

Amelecote, Laurence, and Ingeran, his son, 391, 392. 
Amesey, Thomas, and Rosa, his mother, 174. 
Amundevill. 

Agnes de, 236. 

Joilanus de, 236. 
Anbof, Rogerus, 215. 
Ancel, Auncel. 

Felicia, 161, 162. 

James, 161, 162. 

Ricardus, 11. 
Andegavensis, Agnes, 28S. 
Andree, Andreu. 

Robertus, 135. 

Thomas, bailiff, 201. 
Anesey, Aneseye, Anesy. 

Matthew de, 19. 

Peter de, 409; Peter de and Margery, his wife., 
19, 20. 
Angirton, Robert de, 300. 
Anglesey, prior of, 49. 
Anglicus, see also Englays. 

Osbertus, 107, 108, and Alicia, widow of, 108. 

Ricardus, 107. 
Angr', Albinus de, 120. 
Anna, Anne. 

Laurence de, 150. 

Nicholas de, 23S. 
Annesforde, Nicholaus de, 134. 



556 



INDEX. 



Annore, John, Serjeant in London, 244. 
Appeley, John, knight, 337. 
Appouel, Johannes, 172. 
Aquila, Richard de, 427. 
Archard, see Achard. 
Archbishop, Osbertus, tlie, 59. 
Archdeacon, Archidiaconus. 

Osbertus, 548. 

Walterus, 323. 
Archer, Willelmus le, 293 ; Robertus le, his son, 
zg3, 294 ; Alice, wife of Robertus le, 293 ; and 
Nicholas, son of Robertus le, 293, 294, 295. 
Arcy, Philip de, 390. 
Arden, Ardena, see also Ardem and Harden. 

Radulfus de, justice, 377; Ralph de, knight, and 
Thomas le, his son, alderman of London, 246. 

Willelmus de, 436; Willelmus de and Radulfus, 
his brother, 43S. 
Ardem, Ardeme, see also Arden and Harden. 

N. de, sheriff of Essex and Hertford, 464. 

Petnis de, 3S9. 

Robert de, commissioner, 27. 

Walter de, 3S2. 

William de, 387. 
Argentein, Thomas de, 416. 
Arnold, William, 313. 
Arragon, Alphonso, king of, 23. 
Arsic, Arsik, Ralph, 125; and Reginald, liis brother, 

124. 
Arturus, Gaufridus, 323. 
Arimdel, Arundell. 

Johannes de. Inquisitor, 218. 

Richard de, 502. 

Robertus de, 159. 

W., earl of, 416. 

Willelmus de, 160; William de, and Stephen, prior 
of Calceto, his brother, 418. 
Aschetillus, brother of Drogo, 330. 
Ask, Hugh de, 529. 
Askeby, Robertus de, 451. 
Aslakeby, Richardus de, 537. 
Assehurst, Ricardus de, 415. 
Attebern', Richard, ig8. 
Attekirche, Thomas, 226. 
Aucher, Henry, 124. 

Auco, Robertus de, canon of St. Paul's, London, 258. 
Audeley, Audele, see also Daudeley. 

Hugh de, earl of Gloucester, 413 ; Hugo de, knight, 
271. 
Aufray, Johannes, 430. 
Augens, alias Daugens. 

Ralph de, 491, 492. 

William de, 491. 
Aumarle, see Albemarle. 
Aumbesas, William de, knight, 167. 
Aundever', Rogerus de, and Agnes, formerly his 

wife, 150. 
Aimrey, Johannes, 431, 



Aunsel, see Ancel. 

Aure, William de, 375, 376; and Mabilia, his wife, 
375- 

Aurifaber, see also Orfevre. 
Reginaundus, 464. 
Robertus, loi. 

Austin, Henry, 441, 442. 

Austrurarius, Robertus, 222. 

Avenel, William de, 84, 85, 86, 384 ; Avicia and 
Elizabeth, his daughters, wives respectively of 
Richard de Vernon, ist, and Simon Basset, ist, 

Aveme, Ankerinus de, alderman of London, 246. 
Axemwe, Robert de, 213. 
Axholm, Walter de, 311. 
Aylington, Aylinton, see Ailintone. 
Ayvill, Robert de, 546. 



Babau, Radulphus, 493. 

Babbecarry, Henry, 147. 

Babinton, Hugo de, sheriff of Huntingdon, i8g. 

Bacoun, Adam, 130. 

Bacton, Gaufridus de, 428. See Gacton and Gattun. 

Badelesmere, Guntelinus de, justice of Chester, 67. 

r>adinton, Robertus de, 327. 

Badlington, Thomas de, wife Alice, daughter of 

Thomas le Fraunceis, and son Robert, 115. 
Baggehegh, Thomas, 364. 
Baghurste, Henricus de, 165. 
Baker, see also Pistor. j 

Johannes, 13. \ 

Reginald, the, 125. 

Robert, the, 418. 
Bakun, John, 466. 

ISalache, Willelmus, 163. j 

P>aldek, Elyas, knight, 475. ' 

Baldwyne, Peter, 407. 
Balehoni, Richard, 213. 
Baley, Henry de, commissioner, 97. 
Baliol, Bailliol, Balliol, Bayllol, Baylof. 

John de, 304, 460 ; and wife Dervergul, Dervoir- 
gill, daughter of Alan, lord of Galloway, 191, 
304- 
Balle, Robert, 220. 
Balrichare, John, 161, 162. 
Balun, Walter le, 369. See Walter Walun, 370. 
Bancys, Willelmus de, 63. 
Band, William, wife Johane, and daughter Katerine, 

121. 
Banquell, Joliannes de, and son Thomas, 269. 
Barbetle, JNIatilda de, 494. 
Barbot, Richard, 312. 
Bardelby, Robertus de, 267, 268, 270. 
Bardulfus, Willielmus, 276. 
P.arentone, Nicholas de, knight, 125. 



INDEX. 



557 



Barewe, Ricardus de la, 174. 

Barking, Ricardus de, abbot of Westminster, 456. 

Barndel', Thomas de, 504. 

Baniwell, Bernwell, prior of, 39, 44, 59. 

Barr, Barra, Barre. 

Robert de, 387. 

William de, 382, 3S3, 387. 
Barth, Richard, 307. 

Barton, Richard de, and v.'ife Beatrix, 230. 
Baryl, Johannes, 456. 
Bascetvilla, Willielmus de, 401. 
Basham, Warinus de, 395. 
Basing, Basinges, Basingge. 

Adam de, sheriff of London, 456. 

Hamon de, 155. 

John de, 156; John de, knight, 167. 
Basingstoke, hospital of St. John of, 155. 
Baskervill, Baschavilla. 

Radulfus de, 170, 171. 
Bassechirch, Willelmus de, bailiff of Condover 

hundred, 339. 
Basset. 

Agnes, 321. 

Bartholomeus, of Hemington, 220. 

Fulco, bishop of London, 457, 458. 

Philip, 398. 

Simon, ist, wife Elizabeth, daughter of William 
de Avenel, and son William, 85 ; Simon, 2d, 86. 
Bassingbum, Baldwinus de, 64. 
Bataille. 

Rogerus, 178. 

Willelmus de, 121. 
Batesford, Humfridus de, knight, 397. 
Bath, Bathe, Bathon', Bathonia, see also Wells. 

Alma de, 249. 

Clement, clerk of, 353. 

Convent and monks of, 350. 

Durandus de, 352. 

Ermenaudus de, 352. 

H. de, justice, 466. 

Henricus de, justice, 458. 

Joceline, bishop of, 74, 375. 

John de, 19. 

Rainaud, Reginald, bishop of, 351. 

Robert atte, 504. 

Roberth, bishop of, 338, 352 ; Robert, prior of, 
352, 353- 

Roger, bishop of, 374, 375. 

Thomas, prior of, 374. 

Willelmus, bishop of, 375. 
Bathswein. 

John de, and John, his son, 204. 

Richard, 204. 
Battle Abbey, 203, 431 ; abbot of, 425. 
Baukwell, dean of, 87. 

Bavelingham, Thomas de, and wife Mabel, iqS. 
Bavent, Rogerus de, knight, member of Parliament, 

419. 
Bay, Rogerus, 541. 



Bealcamp, Alwinus, priest of, 258. 

Beaumis, Beumys, Robert de, knight, 125; Robert, 

348. 
Beausamys, Beusamys. 

Thomas, 28. 

William, and wife Matilda, 27. 
Beche, Juliana de, 47. 
Bedelle, Samson le, 137. 
Bedford, sheriff of, 13, 465, 467. 
Bedingfeud, Adam de, knight, 398. 
Bcine, Walterus, 39. 
Bek', John, commissioner, 232. 
Bekingham. 

Alan de, 311, 312, and Alan, 311, 312, and John, 
311, his sons; Alan de, and son Robert, 311. 

John de, and son Robert, 311. 

Richard de, son John, and Robert, son of John, 
311- 

Robert de, and son Robert, 312. 

William de, and son Roger, 311. 
Bel, John, of Fermesham, 414. 
Belew, Bella Aqua. 

Thomas de, 237. 

William de, 309. 
Bella Landa, abbot of, 449. 
Bello Campo. 

Humfridus de, and wife Alicia, 356. 

Robertus de, justice, 248. 

William de, IV., earl of Warwick, 20, 34, 504; 
Willelmus de, 9. 
Belmeis, Richard de, bishop of London ; Adeline, 
his sister, and William, the dean of St. Paul's, 
son of Adeline, 255. 
Beltoft. 

Herbert de, 311. 

Roger de, 311. 
Beluaco, Hilo de, 258. 
Belvoir, monks of, 217. 
Benet, Beneyt. 

Reginaldus, 17. 

Robert, and wife Emma, 33. 

Thomas, canon of Wells, 148. 
Benham, Thomas, ig. 
Benindenn, Thomas de, 202. 
Bennington, Beninton. 

Ranulph de, and Stephen, his brother, 235. 

Simon de, 436. 
Bensicot, Robertus de, 382. 

Benstede, J. de, keeper of the king's wardrobe, 268. 
Ber, John le, 424. 
Bera, Bere. 

Adam de, knight, 159. 

Guillelmus de, 158. 

Ricardus de la, 136. 
Berche, Hugh atte, 161 ; Hugh de, 162. 
Berd, Roger le, 509. 
Bereuger. 

Ingelram, 485. 

Johannes, 430. 



558 



INDEX. 



Berewik, Hugh de, clerk, 2g8. 

Berges, Gaufridus de, 59. 

Berghers, Herbert de, and son Reginald dc, 123. 

Berkele, Egidiiis de, 323. 

Berkiges, Fulco de, 121. 

Bernard, William, 162. 

Bemehoud. 

Adam, 335. 

Richard, 335. 
Bemes, Johannes de, kniglit, 456. 
Berthona, Walteriis de, seneschal, 165. 
Berwys, Johannes de, 451. 
Besant, Nicholaus, log. 
Bethertona, Robertus de, 379. 
Betom, Simon, 333. 
Bevercotes, William de, 308. 
Beverlaco, Willehnus, clerk of, 534. 
Beverych, Robertus, rector of Little Leighs, 124. 
Bidun, Hadmadus de, 329. 
Bigod, Bigot, Bygod. 

H. le, justice, 466. 

John, knight, brother of the Earl Marshall, 96. 

Richardus le, 492. 

Roger, xii., 279; wife Matilda, daughter of Wil- 
lelmus de Albeneyo, 279. 
Billinghust, Bartholomew, chaplain of, 418. 
Binesle, Radulphus de, 120. 
Bingeham, Willehnus de, knight, 482. 
Bircheholte, Margery de, 262. 
Birun, John, 443. 
Biscop, Clibemus, 513. 
Bishop, Gundulfus, xii. 

Bisopeston, Bissopedon, William de, 222, 447. 
Bisset, Henricus, and Margaret, his sister, 489, 490. 
Blackberd, Rogerus, 274. 
Blackint", Blagint, Paganus, clerk of, 429. 
Blackwell, William de, 313. 
Blaket, John, 27. 
Blay, Robertus, 192. 
Bleez, Hugh de, 435. 

Blithe, Hugo de, constable of Rochester, 202. 
Blondeville, Randolph de, earl of Chester, 66. 
Blount, see Blund. 
Blu, Alexander le, and Elizabctli, relict of, 434, 435, 

506. 
Bluet, William, lord of I^ackhain, 4S2. 
Blund, Blundus, Blount, Blunt. 

Gervasus le, 4S8. 

Henry, 389. 

Hugo, sheriff of London, 456. 

Johannes, 179; John le, and wife Idonia (after- 
ward wife of Robert le Hagham) and son Ed- 
ward, 244. 

Robertus, 382. 

Walterus le, 355. 

Willehnus de, 9. 
Blundel. 

Geoffrey 1S7. 



Blundel, conthtucd. 

Henricus, 438. 

Johannes, 438. 
Bobi, Hugo de, 236. 
Bodeho, Hugo de, 9. 

Bodele, William de, sheriff of London, 244. 
Bodenho, Richard de, and son John, g. 
Bodmen, Cristiana, 241. 
Boggyng, Walterus, chaplain, 425. 
Bohun. 

Humphrey de, carl of Hereford, and John and 
Milo, his sons, 213. 

Jocelin de, bishop of Sarum, Richard de, bishop 
of Coutances, his brother, 370; Reginald de, 
bishop of Wells, son of Jocelin, Savoric, bishop 
of Bath, cousin of Reginald de, and Franco, 
brother of Savoric, 370, 371. 
Bokeswore, Henricus de, 62. 
Bolron, Thomas de, 526. 
Boltiler, Hugh le, 292. 
Boltisham, Thomas, 292. 
Bolton, Gilbert de, and son Adam, 209. 
Boltusham, Hugo, 133. 
Bomund, Johannes de, 397. 
Bon. 

Alanus le, 118. 

Simon de, 19S. 
Bonekil, Walterus, 77. 
Bonet, Robert, 410. 
Bongaut, Robert, 544. 
Bono-fossato, Galfridus dc, knight, 159. 
Bon Pas, Thomas, 436. 
Piordarius, Brichmarus, 25S. 
Bordesley, Bordsley, abbot of, 434, 435, 506. 
Bordoun, Isabel, 204. 
Boresworth, Simon de, 405. 
Borhurst, Reinelmus de, 15S. 
Boritone, .Simon de, provost of Bristol, 144. 
Borstard, Walter, 28. 
Bosco. 

Gaufridus de, 513. 

Henricus de, 379. 

R. de, knight, 108. 

Robert de, knight, 39S. 

.Stephen de, 504. 
Bosleio. 

Hubertus de, 107. 

Willelmus de, 107. 
Boterel, Walterus, 107. 

Botherle, Boterle, Stephanus de, escheator, 343, 344. 
Botiller, Boteler, Butiler, Butiller. 

Mau. le, justice, 498. 

Nicholas le, and son William le, 524. 

Ralph le, and wife Matilda, 390. 

William le, 156. 
Bour, Willelmus ate, 24. 
Bous, Willelmus le, ig. 
Bousser, John de, commissioner, 130. 



INDEX, 



559 



Bowes. 

Henry de, and son John de, 526. 

Sampson de, and son Reginald de, 526. 

Stephen de, and wife Jolianna, 526 
Bowyer, Robert, 148. 
Boxgrave, John de, 421. 
Bozhale, Richard de, son of Matilda de Gaumeton 

and stepson of Willebmis Francigena, 51S. 
Bozun, Henry, 114. 
Braban, Henricus de, 26. 
Brabeznn, Adam le, 409. 
Bracking, Henry de, 243. 
Bradeley, Bradel, Bradele, Bradelege. 

Andreas, prior of, 489. 

Hugo, prior of, 491, 492. 

Prior of, 489, 491. 

William de, and wife Agnes, late wife of William le 
Fraunceys, 347, 348. 
Bradenhani, Leonel de, 121, 128. 
Bradeston, Thomas de, and wife Avice, 226. 
Braib', Hugo de, 15S. 
Braibroch, Henricus de, 10. 
Bram, Matthew de, 544. 
Braose, Broase. 

Philip de, and wife Berta, 153. 

William de, 153, 154, 420, 
Bratton', Henricus de, justice, 97. 
Bray, Henricus de, escheator, 47S. 
Brayboef, Willelmus de, justice, 478. 
Bredburi, Bredbiry, Jord. de, 30, 67. 
Breghe, Johannes le, 99. 
Breilyf, Thomas, 168. 
Brenibleshete, Thomas de, 165, 166; and wife Joan, 

165. 
Bret. 

Mam le, 330. 

Roger le, knight, 96. 

William le, 96. 
Breteles. 

Rogerus de, 552. 

Tliomas de, 552. 
Breton, Bretton'. 

Adam, 51. 

Robertus de, 412. 

Roger le, 96. 
Breuston, Symon, 51. 
Brewer, Brewerr', Bnier', Bruere. 

Adam de la, 276. 

Gilbert de la, 311. 

Willelmus, 2S8 ; William de la, 197, 311; William, 
elder and younger, go. 
Breyton, Joliannes de, 464. 
Brian, Hugh, and son Roger, 1S6, 1S7. 
Brid. 

Robert, 134. 

Simon, 333. 
Brideport, Briddeport. 

Egidius de, 55. 

Petrus de, 16. 



Brideport, Briddeport, continued. 

Tliomas de, 266. 
Bridlington, Gerard, prior of, 519. 
Brigge, Brigges, Bruges, see also Pont. 
Andreas de, king's clerk, 271, 272. 
Hermer del, 402. 
Bristmerston, Stephanus de, knight, 475. 
Bristol. 

Hospital of St. Bartholomew of, 147; Hospital of 

St. John of, 148. 
Mayor and bailiffs of, 145. 
Priory of St. James, 146. 
Britannia, John de, 529. 
Britanny, earl of, 57. 
Brito, Walterus, 158. 
Brockelegh', Petrus de, 403. 
Brockhampton, Brochamtone. 

Reginaldus of, and Sibel, his wife, log. 
W. de, 108. 
Brockton, Brocton, Ricardus de, knight, 212; Ri- 
cardus, the priest of, and daughter Margaret, 338. 
Broghampton, Robert de, and wife Alice, 424. 
Broham, Robert de, and son Roger de, 432. 
Brok, Brok', Broke. 
Laurence del, 251. 
Nigellus de, 420. 
Robertus de, 331, 446. 
Thomas, knight, 148. 
Brokesbume, Johannes de, and wife Johanna, 129. 
Brome, John atte, 196. 
Broinholm, 

Clement, prior of, 155. 

Walterus de, 275, wife Ingherita, 276, and son 
Willelmus, 275. 
Bronolesheved, Gilbertus de, 212. 
Broun, Brun. 

Ricardus, deputy sheriff, 451. 
Willelmus, 276, 295. 
Browning, Henry, 205. 
Bruchton, Ricardus de, 182. 
Bruele, Radulphus de, 120. 
Bruere, see Brewer. 
Bruges, see Brigge. 
Brun, see Broun. 
Brunfeld, Hugo de, 470. 
Bruntone, Johannes le, 379. 
Brus. — England and Scotland. 

Robert de, I., of Skelton Castle, Yorkshire, 532, 
533; Robert de, H., of Skelton Castle and An- 
nandale, Scotland, son of Robert de, I., 532, 534, 
538; Adam de, I., of Skelton Castle, son of 
Robert de, II., 534; Adam de, II., son of Adam 
de, I., 534; Peter de. III., of Skelton Castle, 
448,459; sisters and heiresses of , 448 ; Robert de, 
v., of Annandale, Ysabella de, wife of, daughter 
of David, earl of Huntingdon, 125 ; Robert de, 
VI., of Annandale, son of Robert V., 81, 184, 
192, 193, 349 ; Christiana de Ireby, his second 
wife, 81. 



560 



INDEX. 



Rrus, continited. 

Agiies de, vsife of Willelmus de Lancaster, 3d, 45S. 

Willelmus de, of the manor of Caldecot, 1S4. 
Bubelepaste, Hugo, 137; and Robertiis, his brother, 

136. 
Bubulcarius, Raldewinus, 107. 
Bucke, Willehnus, 137. 
Buckingham, sheriff of, 465. 
Budda, Leofwinus, 322. 
Buildwas, Buildewas. 

Alan de, and daugliter Alice, wife of Edmund de 
Leynham, 347. 
Bundy, Peter, 424. 

Bungei, Reinerus de, mayor of London, 454. 
Bur, Adam le, 35S. 
Burbache, John de, 364. 
Burcester, priory and monks of, 326, 327. 
Burdon, Burdoun. 

Alan, 519. 

Joan, 114. 
Bureford, Ricardus de, 497. 
Bureswell, Alexander de, Radulph, his son, and 

Alice, daughter of Radulph, 55. 
Burewald, Walterus, 496. 
Burgh, Burg, Burgo. 

Hubert de, earl of Kent, 74, 453 : wife Margaret, 
son John, and daughter Margaret, 454. 

John de, 360. 

Walter de, 206; Walter de, king's bailiff, 154. 

Willelmus de, 301. 
Burghers, Reginald de, 433. 
Buris, Petrus de, king's bailiff, 22S. 
Burleia, William de, 435. 
Bumell, Robert de, 338, 339. 
Burton. 

Abbot of, 381. 

Johannes de Stafford, abbot of, 3S0. 

William, abbot of, 381. 
Bus, Alan, and son Nicholas, 125. 
Butemund, John, 311. 
Butiller, see Botiller. 
Byker. 

Gerard de, John, his son, and Matilda, wife of 
John de, 232. 

John de, Robert, his son, and William, son of 
Robert, 232. 
Byngham, William, rector of St. John Zakan,', Lon- 
don, 255. 
Bynorthwode, Walterus, loi. 



Cachepoll, Henricus, of Hereford, 175. 

Cadamo, John de, prebendary of Wolverhampton, 

393- 
Cadbury, Nicholas de, 356. 
Cadica, Sweting, 322. 



Caem, Robertus, canon of St. Paul's, London, 257. 
Cakelade, Robert de, 504. 
Calceto, or Pynham. 

Canons of, 418. 

Priory of, 417. 

Stephen, prior of, 41S. 

William, mercliant of, 41 8. 
Caldebeck, Alan, parson of, 76, 537, 
Caldellus, Willehnus, 428. 
Caldewelle, Dauj de, 3S2. 
Calecumbe, Willelmus de, 135. 
Calmyn, Everardus, 51. 
Calne, Hugo de, 399. 
Calnia, Willelmus de, canon of St. Paul's, London, 

258. 
Camberlanus, Radulfus, 3S2. 
Cambridge. 

Baihffs of, 37, 38. 

Hospital of St. John at, 36. 

Sheriff of, 458. 
Camera. 

Geoffrey de, 442, 443. 

Henricus de, 43S. 
Camerarius, see Chaumberlain. 
Cameys, Johannes de, 61. 
Campiun, Ale.xander, 125. 
Canceir, see Chaunceus. 

Canonicus, Mauricius, and .Simon, his son, 322. 
Canterbury. 

Abbey and abbot of .St. Augustine, 201. 

Archbishop of, 25, 194, 200, 271. 

Black Friars of, 196. 

Friars Eremits of, 195. 

John, archbisliop of, primate of England, 160. 

Lanfranc, archbishop of, 411. 

Prior of Christchurch, 200, 410. 

Roger, elect of St. Augustine, 195. 

Theobaldus, archbishop of, 321. 

Walter, Hubert, archbishop of, 173. 
Cantilupe. 

George de, 359. 

Margery de, 480. 
Canyngton, prioress of, 3 ("15. 
Capal, Thomas, 135. 
Capellanus, see Chaplain. 
Capello, Rogerus de, 429. 
Caperun, Henricus, 315. 
Capis, Nicholas de, 291. 
Caprecuria, Radulfus de, Beatrix, his sister, and 

Jordanus and Ricardus, his sons, 551, 552. 
Carbonarius, Radulfus, 438. 
Cardif, Johannes de, 195. 

Cardun, John, of Wynewik, and wife Benigna, 186. 
Carectarius, Ricardus, 457. 
Carlisle, Cardoil, Cardul. 

Bishop of, 21, 22, 76. 

Prior and convent of, 73. 

Radulfus, prior of, 74, 451. 



INDEX. 



S6i 



Carlisle, Cardoil, Cardul, conthmed. 

W., official of, 451. 

Walter, bishop of, 71, 72, 73, 74, 467. 
Carlton, Carleton. 

Hugh de, 307. 

John de, 528. 
Camavon, Prince Edward of, 516. 
Carpenter, Carpentarius. 

Geoffrey le, wife Margeria, daughter of Emma la 
Fraunchej'sse, 360. 

Nicholas, 457. 

Ralph le, 333. 

Richard, 346. 

Walterus, 460. 
Carum, Johannes de, 8. 
Casel, Cassel, Nicholaus, 430, 431. 
CastelcajTock, Castelkairoc, Robertus de, brother of 

Walterus de Stirkland, 451, 461. 
Castelford, Robert de, 352, 353. 
Castellione, Dominus de, 268. 
Castells, Hameric de, 545. 
Castelon, Robertus de, 198. 
Cataberge, Alanus de, 451. 
Catesby, Catebi. 

Hamud' of, 291. 

Prioress of, 292. 
Catherton, Alanus de, 210. 
Catteworth, Thomas de, 191. 
Caums, Robertus atte, 236. 
Causton, Robert de, knight, 277. 
Cavegom, Ricardus, and Simon, his brother, 12. 
Cementarius, William, 125. 
Cericy, abbey of St. Vigor at, 152. 
Cerne, Rogerus, abbot of, 112. 
Cerring, Adam de, 194. 
Cerston, Willielmus de, 395. 
Cestreton. 

Bardulphus de, 222. 

Radulphus de, 327. 
Chambard, Walterus, and son Ricardus, 290. 
Chancey, Robert de, bishop of Carlisle, 76. 
Chandeler, Nicholas de, 206. 
Chapelle, Johannes atte, 376. 
Chaplain, Capellanus, Cappelanus. 

Angerius, 427. 

Bemardus, and Ricardus de Albo Monasterio, his 
son, 48S. 

FromunduE, 322. 

Hugo, 212 ; Hugh the, and wife Agnes, 544. 

James, the, 21. 

Johannes, 277. 

Ricardus, a, 514. 

Rogerus, 428, see de Capello, 429. 

Walterus, 541. 

Warinus, 322, 427. 

Willelmus, 323 ; William, son of Robert, 482. 
Chapman, Robertus, 187, 224. 
Chameye, John, coroner of Loudon, 253. 



Charron, Charrun. 

Guischard, commissioner, 300. 

Wychard de, and son Richard de, 529. 
Chateriz, abbess of, 57. 
Chaucumbe, Warinus, justice, 289. 
Chaunberlain, Chamberleng, Camerarius. 

Johannes, of Selby, 541. 

Martinus le, 458. 

Nel de, 48. 

Willelmus, 258. 
Chaunceus, CancelP. 

Emericus de, sheriff of Hereford, 175. 

Heymericus de, 160. 
Chaundos, Laurentius, knight, wife Agnes, 140. 
Chaust, Robertus le, 64. 
Cha worth, Thomas de, knight, 96. 
Chayles, Willelmus, 342. 
Cheney, Henricus de, 44, 46. 
Cheringes, Adam de, and son Yvo, 195. 
Cherlakestona, Ranulfus de, 429. 
Cherlton, Cherleton, John de, knight, 335 ; John de, 

kinsman of Thomas le Freussh, 239. 
Chertsey, abbey of, 407. 
Cheshus, Adam del, 50. 
Cheslebeach, Richard, daughter Margaret, second 

wife of John Covert, 418, 419. 
Chester. 

Earl of, 30. See also Gemon. 

Edward, earl of, 65. 

Hugo, earl of, 538. 

Matilda, countess of, daughter of Robert, earl of 
Gloucester, 383. 

Ranulph, earl of, 66, 385. 
Chichester. 

Bishop of, 424. 

John, bishop of, king's chancellor, 267, 268. 

John de, goldsmith, 251 ; wife Alice, and son Will- 
iam de, 252. 

Radulfus, bishop of, 74. 
Child. 

Reginaldus, 321. 

Willelmus le, 9. 
Chimberham, John de, 200. 
Chineu, Richard, 445. 
Chireche, Robert ate, wife Emma (sister of William 

de St. Edmundo), and son John, 251. 
Chishulle, J. de, 249. 
Chiu, Peter, 342. 

Chudinech, Chudmet, Johannes, 429. 
Churtes, Patricius de, 477. 
Chury, Cur', Johannes, 429. 
Chykengrave, Alexander de, wife Cristiana, daughter 

of Emma la Frauncheysse, 360. 
Cimeterio, Willelmus de, 138. 
Cirencester, Cyrencestria. 

Abbot of, 138. 

Elyas de, vicar of St. Peter in, 99. 
Claptuna, Walterus de, 217. 



562 



INDEX. 



Clare. 

Bogo de, 25, 26, 27. 

Gilbert, Fitz-Richard, lord of, and son Ricliard, 400. 

Gilbert de, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, son 
of Richard, 199, 2S3. 

Priory of St. John of, 400, 401. 

Richard de, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, 1 10, 
199. 
dark. Clerk, Clericus. 

Adam, 427. 

Geoffrey, Gaufridus, 352; Gaufridus, of Notting- 
ham, 307. 

Henrj' the, 21, 22, 23. 

Henry the, and wife Eda, 310. 

Hugh, bailiff of Hatfield, 125. 

John, 161, 162. 

Nicholaus, 160. 

Petrus, 67. 

Philippus, 430. 

Ralph, the, 125, 355; Ralph, of Eccleshal, senes- 
chal, 409. 

Ricardus le, 10, 32, 497 ; Ricardus le, member of 
Parliament, 406 ; Ricardus, nephew of Baldwin, 
158. 

Roger le, 214, 217. 

Simon, Symon, 35, 323. 

Simon, and daughter Petronella, wife of Goddard 
de Timmore, 388. 

Thomas, and wife Alice, 2S5. 

Walterus, 427. 

William, Willelmus, the, 211, 440; Willelmus, son 
of Nicholas, 159. 
Clatar, Clatere. 

Thomas de, 133. 

William le, 339. 
Claudus, Leofwinus, 322. 
Clenden, Clendon, Clendun. 

Ricardus de, 287. 

Sibilla de, 2S7. 
Clerk, see Clark. 
Clifford. 

Richard de, subescheator, 360. 

Roger de, 468. 

Walterus de, 341. 
Clifton, Cliftone. 

Helias de, 352. 

Thomas de, 499. 
'Clinton, Clintona, Clynton. 

Geoffrey, Gaufridus de, 265 ; Geoffrey de, cham- 
berlain of Henry I., 437, and Henricus de, his 
grandson, 436. 

William de, 28. 
Clive, Clyve, Willelmus de la, 357, 358, 359. 
Clodeshale, Richard de, wife Matilda, daughter of 

Walter Fraunceys, of London, 263. 
Cloeth, Jocelinus, 158. 
vClopeir, Cloppel. 

Guyo, lord of, 133. 



Clopeir, Cloppel, continued. 

Robertas de, 134. 
Cloptone, Ricardus de, 142. 
Cnolle, Ordwinus de, 428. 
Cobham, Cobeham, Cobbeham. 

John, Johannes de, justice, 240, 424, 456. 

Thomas de, king's clerk, 270, 271, 272. 
Coby, Stephen, 424. 
Coc, Cocus, Cok, Cokus. 

Alexander le, 33. 

Hugo, 430, 431. 

Nicholaus, 130, 496. 

Normannus, 513. 

Richard, 504. 

Robertus, 198, 42S. 

Simon, 218. 

Thomas, 409. 

Walterus, and wife Matilda, 24S. 

William le, Willelmus, 155, 198, 42S. 
Codio, Willelmus de, member of Parliament, 492. 
Codjiigton, John de, 65. 
Coffun, Hugo, 194. 
Coillardvilla, Hugo de, coroner, 143. 
Cokefeld, Benedict de, commissioner, 130. 
Cokeleye, Willelmus de, knight, 397. 
Cokermuth, John de, clerk, 312. 
Coleman, Richard, 100. 
Coleshull, Alexander de, 33. 
Colle. 

Petrus, 497. 

William, bailiff of Worcester, 500. 
CoUeh, Gilbert de, 410. 
Collen, Johannes de, 182. 
Collesburia, Nicholaus de, 136. 
Columbariis, Matthew de, king's Serjeant, 281. 
Colvill, Coleviir. 

Robertus de, 273. 

Rogerus de, sheriff of Suffolk, 400. 
Comin, Cumin. 

John, 363, 497. 

Ricardus, 497. 

Rogerus, 497. 
Comptone, Comtone, Cumpton. 

Bartholomeus de, knight, 475. 

Robertus de, 47 ; Robert de, bailiff of Newport, 
169. 

Walerand de, 438. 
Condre, Johannes de, knight, 456. 
Conede, Walter de, 338. 
Conne, Rogerus, and son Thomas, 2n. 
Constabularius. 

Gaufridus, 258. 

Rogerus, 137. 
Conteville, Herlewinus, 217. 
Coperich, Agnes, 131. 
Corbet, Robert, knight, 337. 
Corby, Henricus de, 215. 
Comedale, Robert de, 262. 



INDEX. 



563 



Comesarius, Alan, Bartholomeus, his son, and Alice, 
wife of Bartholomeus, some time wife of Robert 
le Lomb, 431. 
Comewaleys, Beatrix, 285. 
Coniifix, Radulphus, 284. 
Cornwall, Comwalle, Comubia. 

Edmund, earl of, 53, 330, 332. 

Henricus de, 10 1. 

Johannes de, knight, 212. 

Petrus, earl of, 268. 

Richard, earl of, 100, 266, 333. 
Coroner, William le, of Northampton, 307. 
Corscumb, Corscumbe, Agatha de, 374, 375. 
Coruiser, Henricus, 322. 
Cosham. 

Petrus de, 167. 

Rogerus de, 168. 
Coslanye, Galfridus de, and Ricardus, his brother, 

274. 
Costard, Adam, and Alice, his wife, 260. 
Cotel, Cotele. 

Arnulfus, loi. 

Elyas, knight, 475. 
Cottona, Cottone. 

Jordanus de, 222. 

Simon de, knight, 441. 
Coty, Johannes, and daughter Margeria, wife of 

Johannes Fraunceys, 484. 
Coumbe. 

Gilbert de, 204. 

Johannes ate, 33. 
Couper, Cuper, Cupere. 

Henry le, 307. 

Nicholas le, 430. 

Radulphus le, and his wife Isabella, daughter of 
Johannes le Deyde, 431. 
Coupmanwra. 

Johannes de, 209, 210. 

Thomas de, 209, 210. 
Courteney, Hugh, 98. 
Coutances, Ricardus, archdeacon of, 352. 
Covelia, Willelmus de, 257. 
Covert, John, and his second wife Margaret, daughter 

of Richard Cheslebeach, 418. 
Crafton, Grafton, Radulfus de, 435, 436. 
Crakenthorp, Crakenethorp, Crakentorp, William de, 

449, 45°- 
Crane, Rogerus de, 387. 
Cranebroc, Stephanus de, 135. 
Craye, William de, proctor of the hospital of St. 

Thomas, Southwark, 251. 
Cref, Rogerus, 416. 
Crekkelade, Johannes de, 319. 
Creppingis, Robertus de, 458. 
Cressingham, H, de, justice, 470. 
Cresto, Siluius de, 512. 
Cridelyncote, Gregory de, chaplain, 369. 
Crispin, Ricardus, 237. 



Crofte, Roger de, subescheator, 360. 

Crok, William, 446. 

Crone, William le, Margery, his wife, Hugh, their 
son, and Margery de la HuUe, wife of Hugh, 172. 

Crosse, Robert, parson of Spaxton, 365. 

Crouchback, Edmund, earl of Ferrars, etc., brother 
of King Edward I., 86, 87, 215, 221. 

Crowe, Willelmus de, 342. 

Croxton, abbot of, 219. 

Cruceroys, William de, official of the bishop of Chi- 
chester, 424. 

Crumbwell, Johannes de, knight, 270, 271, 272. 

Cruwys, Robert de, 103. 

Cukefelda, Willelmus de, 427. 

Culewrth, William, justice, 440. 

Culwene, Culwenne. 

Gilbertus de, and son Thomas, 469. 
Thomas de, knight, 449. 

Cumberford, Rogerus de, 389. 

Cumberland, sheriff of, 80, 452, 461, 462, 464, 466, 
467. 

Cumberton, Walter de, and John, his son, 59. 

Cumbwell, prior of, 198. 

Cumpaninun, Radulphus, 497. 

Cumpton, see Comptone. 

Cunintone, Roger de, vicar, 185. 

Cuper, see Couper. 

Curciona, William de, 280. 

Cyrographista, Gaufridus, 217. 



Dabrenoun, John, knight, 167. 

Dacre, William de, sheriff of Cumberland, So. 

Dag', Ailwinus, 428. 

Dagemer, Radulphus, 121. 

Dalton, Roger de, son of Dolfin, the son of Gospatric, 

528. 
Danbere, Rogerus, and wife Margaret, daughter of 

Eylmer, 400. 
Danvers, Robertus, 324. 
Dapifer, Dapiferus. 

Ricardus, 258. 

Simon, 428. 
Daudeley, Hugo, knight, 272. See also Audeley. 
Daumari, Robertus, 327. 
Daungiers, Johannes, knight, 475. 
Davenport, Ricardus, 67. 
David, earl of Huntingdon, brother of William, king 

of Scotland, 125. 
David, Galfridus, 134, 135; and Willelmus, his son, 

135- 
Davy, Thomas, 10. 
Deacon, Robert the, io6. 
Dean, Geoffrey the, 125. 
Dedingtona, Helias de, 351. 



564 



INDEX. 



Dene, Dena, Den'. 

Alexander de, 429. 

Robertus Pincerna, 426, 427, 42S ; and Ralph de, 
his son, 426, 427, 428, 429; Robert, son of Ralph, 
426, 427, 429; and Sibilla, his wife, 429; and 
Ralph, son of Robert, 429. 

Willelmus de, 102. 
Derby. 

Petrus de, 3S2. 

Walter, 146. 

William de Ferrars, earl of, 86. 
Dereberc, Elisent de, 287. 
Demeford, Johannes de, knight, 397. 
Derwentwater, Thomas de, knight, 449, 450. 
Despenser, Dispensary, Dispensator, Dispensarius. 

Adam, 324, 325. 

Henricus le, 268. 

Hugo, 30 ; Hugo le, knight, 268. 

Thomas, 67. 

Walterus, 118. 
Dethek, Robert de, 83. 
Devereus. 

John, 390. 

Walter, 390. 
Devon. 

Earls of, see Reviers. 

Sheriffs of, 97, 265, 267. 
Deyde, Johannes le, and his daughter Isabella, wife 

of Radulphus le Couper, 431. 
Deyncourt, Deyncurt, Willelmus, knight, 270, 271, 

272. 
Diggeby, Robert de, 218. 
Diggenn, Richard, 418. 
Dodde, Willelmus, 156. 
Dodecote, Willelmus de, loi. 
Dodeford, Matilda de, daughter of Richard de Lega, 

291. 
Doding' . 

Radulph, 364. 

William, 364. 
Doggetayl, Johannes, 359. 
Dolfyn, Robert, 286. 
Donemow', Willelmus de, 129. 
Dore, abbey of, 172, 174. 
Dorset. 

Mabel, countess of, 112. 

Sheriff of, 105. 
Dourleg', Reginald, chaplain of, 341. 
Doverdenne, Richard de, and son Thomas, 202. 
Doyly, Henricus, 328. Seejalso Olleyo. 
Drad, Robertus, 430. 
Draitona, Drayton. 

Thomas de, 541. 

William de, 50S. 
Dram, William, 418. 
Draper. 

Alex, le, 497. 

Aluredus le, 496. 



Draper, contiimcd. 

Richard le, mayor of Bristol, 144. 
Drauswerd, Maurice, 27. 
Driffelde, Walterus, tithingman of, 138. 
Drogo, brother of Robert, 351. 
Droys, Robertus, knight, 475. 
Dublet, Alexander, 22. 
Dudde, Cristina, 23. 
Duddelegh, Richard de, 386. 
Duk, Johannes, vicar of Bursted Magna, 122. 
Duket, Laurence, and Cristiana and Johanna, his 

daughters, 262. 
Dulle, Humphrey de, 197. 
Dumitune, Radulfus de, log. 
Dune, Robert de la, 410. 
Dunefelde, Matilda de, and Ysabella, her daughter, 

139- 
Dunes, Rogerus de, 30, 67. 
Dunnyng, Harvey, 39. 
Dunstable. 

Abbey of, 12, 13. 

Thomas, janitor of, 12, 13; and wife Sybilla, 13. 
Dunstanevile, Walterus de, senior, and wife Petronilla, 
daughter of Willelmus, the son of Alanus de 
Meleham, 55; Walter de, and wife Rosia, 55. 
Dureford, prior of St. Denis of, 485. 
Durel, Ricardus, 137. 
Durham. 

Bishop of, 117, 298. 

Nicholas, bishop of, 300. 

Prior of, 117. 
Dutton, Hugh de, 390. 
Dyne. 

John de, commissioner, 130. 

Henry, 21 ; and Alice, his wife, 20. 
Dynham, Oliver de, commissioner, 97, 98. 
Dysny, Willielmus, knight, 230, 



Eboraco, Ebor'. 
Willelmus, abbot of Tewkesbury, 497 ; Willelmus 
de, justice, 23S ; Willelmus de, provost of Bev- 
erley, 456 ; Willelmus de, warden of Beverley, 
458. 

Ebroicis, John de, 171. 

Eccheslenz, Osbert de, and Peter, his son, 442. 

Ecclesiam, Willelmus ad, 51. 

Echyngehamme, Robertus de, member of Parlia- 
ment, 425. 

Edward the Confessor, x. 

Edward I., 448, 487, 516. 

Edward II., son of Edward I., 53, 54, 61, 220, 516; 
Isabella of France, his queen, 26S. 

Edward III., 3, 5, 6, 122, 128, 252, 356; and Philippa, 
his wife, 252, 474. 



INDEX. 



565 



Edward, Prince of Wales, the Black Prince, son of 

Edward III., 65, 200. 
Eggerton, David de, 65. 
Eliot, Philip, 70. 
Ellis, Henricus, 218. 
Ely. 

Bishop of, 36, 38, 57, 179, 1S2. 

Hugo, bishop of, 179. 

John de, 466. 

Prior of, 58. 

Radulphus de, baron of the Exchequer, 266, 454, 
456. 
Emeldon, Richard de, mayor of Newcastle-on-Tyne, 

300. 
Eneclive and Haslintune, Robertus, parson of, 534. 
Enedewel, Gervasius, prior of, 160. 
Engaine, Engayne. 

Ricardus, 59. 

Warner, 440. 
England, king of, 193. 
Englays, Engles, Engleys, see also Anglicus. 

Adam le, 161, 162. 

Nicholaus le, 71. 

Robert le, knight, 449. 

William le, 232. 
Ercalewe, Ercaluwe, Ercalue, Erkalewe. 

John de, Robert, his son, and Agnes, his daughter, 
335- 

Petronella, lady of, 335. 

William de, knight, 335; William de, and son 
John, 336, 
Erdington, Erdinton, Herdington. 

Giles de, 34S. 

Henry de, 337. 
Erie, Thomas, 148. 
Eniald, Randulph, of Norton, 501. 
Escheker, John de, 333. 
Escot, Willelmus ie, 464. 
Esctona, Radulphus, clerk of, 351. 
Esingdene, Richard de, 202. 
Especer, Nicolaus le, 464. 
Espeloun, Peter, 204. 
Esseby. 

John de, and William, his brother, 292. 

Ralph de, and William, his son, 291. 
Esseng, Ralph de, 12. 
Essex. 

Galfridus filius Petri., earl of, 28S. 

Sheriff of, 457, 460, 464. 

Theobaldus, archdeacon of, 128. 
Est, Willelmus, 17. 

Estormi, Henry 1', and Henry 1', his son, 504. 
Eswy, Essewi. 

Radulphus, mayor of London, 456. 

Thomas, 454. 
Etewelle, Henricus, parson of, 382. 
Ethere, Jacobus de, 273. 
Etindon, Thomas de, 222. 



Eton, William de, 336. 

Euneyse, Walter le, bailiff of Worcester, 500. 

Eustace, prince, son of King Stephen, 426, 427. 

Everingham, Adam de, and wife Isabella, 51S. 

Evesham. 

Abbot of, 442, 501. 

Henry, abbot of, 443. 

Richard, abbot of, 439, 440, 441, 442. 

Thomas de Glovemia, abbot of, 439. 

William, steward of, 441, 442. 
Evre, John de, escheator, 537. 
Exeter. 

Bishop of, 69. 

Mayor of, 267. 
Eylesham, Reginaldus de, 49. 
Eyncourt, John de, 96. 
Eynesham, abbot of, 331. 

Eynolk, Ranulfus, brother of Rogerus de Mune, 142. 
Eyre, Ralph de, justice, 119. 



Faber, see also Fevre and Smyth. 

Aedulfus, 351. 

Radulphus, and Cristiana, his daughter, 259. 

Ricardus, 117. 

Thomas, 204. 
Falconberge, Ralph de, 520. 
Falestorpe, Muriel de, 231. 
Famulus, Robert, 330. 
Farendon, Farringdon. 

William, goldsmith, and alderman of London, and 
Nicholas, his son, goldsmith, mayor of London, 
246. 
Famham, Ingram de, rector of Nutschullyng, 150. 
Fayermay, Robert, 364. 
Fayirbame, Walter, grandfather of Henry de Stan- 

wegges, 530. 
Feld, Felde. 

Edwin de la, 428, 429. 

Richard de la, 330. 
Felstede, Geoffrey de, and Cristina, his wife, 263. 
Fenne, Adam de la, 418. 
Feritate. 

Gilbertus de, parson of Bounes, 77. 

Robertus de, knight, 470. 
Ferleye, Sir Henry de, 155. 
Fermbaud, Nicholas, justice, 9. 
Femberge, Osbertus de, 352. 
Ferrars, Ferraries. 

William de, earl of Derby, 86 ; Willelmus de, lord 
of Groby, wife Anna, or Joana, and son Willel- 
mus, 225, 226. 
Ferre, Guido, knight, 270, 271, 272. 
Ferrour, William, mayor of Leicester, 214. 
Ferun, Henry le, 307. 



S66 



INDEX. 



Feugeres, Andrew de, 466. 
Fevre, Feure, see also Faber and Smyth. 
John le, grandfather of Thomas le Fraunceys of 

Amblecoat, 391, 302. 
Ralph le, sheriff of London, and John le, his son, 

246. 
fferringhes, Amfridus de, 430. 
ffokington, Philippus de, 427. 
ffracnei, Rogenis le, 427. 
Filius, son of, see also Fitz. 
Adae, Rogerus filius, sheriff of Southampton, 149. 
Adame, Willelmus filius, 390. 
Alan, Roald son of, and Roald, his son, 526. 
Alani, Roaldus filius, and Isabella, his wife, 461. 
Alberti, Hugo filius, canon of St. PauFs, London, 

257, 25S. 
Alice, Anketin son of, 307. 
Alice, Thomas son of, 547. 
Alice, Willelmus filius, 299. 
Aluine, Roger filius, 89. 
Andree, Johannes filius, 133. 
Ansgoti, Guillelmus filius, 158. 
Augustin, Robert son of, 307. 
Baldwini, Johannes filius, 240. 
Beatrice, Elias son of, and Ranulph, liis brother, 

232. 
Benedict], Aron filius, log. 
Beroldi, Brianus filius, 399. 
Brian, William son of, 307. 
Conani, Henricus filius, 531. 
Dorandi, Robertus filius, 118. 
Dru, Walterus filius, 327. 
Edwacher, Godwinus filius, 322. 
Edwardi, Rogerus filius, 405. 
Edwardi, Willielmus filius, 395. 
Eilrici, Thomas filius, 317. 

Elwald, Walter son of, and Alice, his daughter, 117. 
Emma, Walter son of, and Robert, his son, 185. 
Episcopi, Walterus filius, canon of St. Paurs, 

London, 25S. 
Evae, Robertus filius, iSS. 
Fulchredi, Robertus filius, 428. 
Fulconis, Rogerus filius, 211. 
G., Rogerus filius, of Newland, and Ricardus, his 

son, 380. 
Galfridi, Bartholoraeus filius, 128. 
Generanni. 

Hugo filius, 257, 258, and Robertus, his brother, 
257, canons of St. Paul's, London. 
Gilberti, Henricus filius, 210. 
Godefridi, Willelmus filius, 178, 179. 
Godewici, Willelmus filius, 17S. 
Godric, William son of, 306. 
Goldini, Robertus filius, 372. 
Gormylde, William son of, and Athenylda, his 

widow, 100. 
Gosberti, Robertus filius, and Willelmus, his 

brother, 257. 



Filius, coiithiued. 
Grip, Hugo filius, alias Hugo de Warham, sheriff 

of Dorset, 105. 
Hamonis, Clemens filius, 194. 
Harald, Nicholas son of, 326. 
Heilnoth, Robertus filius, 195. 
Henrici, Hugo filius, 531. 
Henrici, Willelmus filius, 342 
Henrici, Willelmus filius, and Hawisia, his wife, 

142. 
Hugonis, Robertus filius, 211. 
Humfridi, Rogerus filius, 217. 
Isaak, Isaac son of, of Bedford, 8. 
Johannes, Thomas son of, deputy sheriff of Cum- 
berland and Westmoreland, 451. 
Johannis, Johannes filius, 290, 
Johannis, Radulphus filius, 128. 
Johannis, Rogerus filius, and Isabella, his wife, 

305- 
Johannis, Willelmus filius, 211. 
Johannis, Willelmus filius, and Willelmus, his son, 

356. 
John, Henry son of, 529. 
John, Robert son of, 232. 
Lancelene, Robert son of, 30S. 
Langlif, Sawy filius, and Rogerus, his son, 317. 
Leueneth, Osbertus filius, 434. 
Liolf, Thomas filius, 299. 
Matildae, Alexander filius, 178. 
Matilda, William son of, 368. 
MichaeHs, Robertus filius, 326. 
Nicholai, Radulfus filius, and Radulfus, his son, 

465. 
Nicholai, Thomas filius, 50. 
Ogeri, Michael filius, and Sarra, his wife, daughter 

of Willelmus de Shelflega, 404. 
Ogeri, Ogerus filius, and Amicia, his wife, daughter 

of Willelmus de Shelflega, 404. 
Omeri, Petrus filius, 428, 429. 
Otheri, Walterus filius, 411. 
Peter, John son of, 527. 
Peter, Nicholas son of, 526. 
Petri, Adam filius, provost of Worcester, 496. 
Petri, Alan filius, 117. 
Petri, Robertus filius, 317. 
Petri, Willelmus filius, 383. 
Philippi, Johannes filius, ig6. 
Philippi, Ricardus filius, 342. 
Ranulph, Alan son of, 232. 
Reginald, Simon filius, 316. 

Rembert, Alan son of, and William, his son, 427. 
Robertus, Baldricus son of, 257. 
Robert, Henry son of, 313. 
Roberti, Ricardus filius, 330. 
Rogeri, Radulphus filius, 323. 
Rogeri, Rogerus filius, knight, 456. 
Rogeri, Rogerus filius, and Germanus and Hugo, 

his brothers, 149. 



INDEX. 



567 



Filius, C07ithi7ted. 
Salomonis, Radulphus filius, 121. 
Salonii, Salonius filius, 144. 
Sampson, Thomas son of, 232. 
Sewal, Henry son of, 221, 222. 
Simonis, Johannes filius, 44. 
Simonis, Thomas filius, 224. 
Simonis, Willelmus filius, 210, 345. 
Teodorici, Milo filius, 25S. 
Thomae, Walterus filius, 356. 
Uckem, Robert son of, 544. 
Vitalis, Willelmus filius, 399. 
Viviani, Rogerus filius, 351. 
Waldevi, Simon filius, 305. 
Walteri, Johannes filius, 55, 56. 
Walteri, Philippus filius, 168. 
Widonis, Robertus filius, 323. 
Willelmi, Eliot filius, 178. 
Willelmi, Johannes filius, 327. 
Willelmi, Laurencius filius, seneschal of the prior 

of Lancaster, 211. 
Willelmi, Matheus filius, 178. 
Willelmi, Radulphus filius, 281. 
Willelmi, Robertus filius, 2gg. 
Willelmi, Willelmus filius, 168. 
Willelmus, Johannes son of, 451. 
Willelmus, Willelmus son of, 159. 
William, Augustin son of, 307. 
Willielmi, Adam filius, justice, 238, 248. 
Wlfredi, Hugo filius, and Robertus, his brother, 

canons of St. Paul's, London, 257, 25S. 
Wlmari, Ricardus filius, 330. 
Wlmers, William son of, and Matilda, his sister, 

379- 
Wlredi, Gaufridus filius, and Robertus, his brother, 

canons of St. Paul's, London, 257, 25S. 
Filungele, Ralph de, and William, his son, 443. 
Finchale, monks of, 117. 
Findem, Hugo de, 382. 
Fitz, see also Filius. 
Fitz-Ace, John, 155. 
Fitz-Aucher, John le, knight, 475. 
Fitz-Bemard, John, and Ralph, his son, 199. 
Fitz-Chaplain, Richard, and Margery, his wife, 346. 
Fitz-Fulk, Radulphus, 53. 
Fitz-Hamon, Alan, 510, and William, his brother, 

509, 510. 
Fitz-Henry, Richard, 387. 
Fitz-Hugh, William, 390. 
Fitz- John. 
Richard, 347. 
Thomas, 72. 
Fitz-Michael, Robert, 326. 
Fitz-Nigel, John, 28. 
Fitz-Peter, William, 521. 
Fitz-Ralph, H ugh, Agnes and Idonea, his wives, and 

Hugh and Ralph, his sons, 309. 
Fitz-Robert, Agnes, 347. 
Fitz-Simon, William, 23. 



Fitz- Walter, Walter, 363. 

P'itz-William, Ralph, knight, 96. 

Flamevile, Roger de, 513. 

Flanders, countess of, 242, 318. 

Flandrensis, see Fleming. 

Fleccher, Adam le, 509. 

Fleming, Flemeng, Flemyng, Flandrensis. 

Ascelynus le, igi. 

James, 297, 298. 

John le, 225, 297. 

Ricardus le, knight, 212. 

Tancardus, 538. 
Fletcher, Hugh le, 526. 
Flete, William de la, 424. 
Flur, Willelmus, 137. 
Folie, Folye. 

Ricardus de la, 170; Ricardus de la, and Ela, his 
wife, 369. 
Foliot, Folioth. 

Jordan, 547, 548. 

Robert, 287. 

Willelmus, 548. 
Folkesworthe, Johannes de, 60. 
Folshani, Emaldus de, 278. 
Fontains. 

Abbey of, 544. 

William de, 521. 
Fontem, Willelmus ad, 320. 
Ford, Forde. 

Gilbertus de la, 362. 

Isabella de, 302. 

Richard de, 352, 353. 

Willelmus de la, 19S. 
Fores, Helias, 330. 
Forest, Thomas, 299. 
Forester, Forestarius. 

Alan, the, 379. 

Alexander, 158. 

Brianus, 220. 

Hugo le, 168. 

Nicholaus le, 35, 432, 433. 

Richard, alias Chmeu, Venator, 445, 446. 

Robertus, 305. 

Rogerus, 136. 

Willelmus, and wife Gundreda, 534 ; Willelmus, and 
Johannes, his son, and Agnes, formerly wife of 
Johannes, 542. 
Forti, John, chancellor of Wells, 372. 
Fortibus, William de, earl of Albemarle, 466. 
Fortine, Walterus, 109. 
Foun, Oliverus le, 222. 
Fox, Peter, 8g. 
Franc, Fraunc. 

Adam, 431. 

Hamelin, 431. 

Henry, 360. 
Franc'. 

Thomas del, 170. 

Willelmus, of Bradfield, 129. 



S68 



INDEX. 



France. 

Philip (II.) Auguste, king of, 532. 

Philip (IV.) the Fair, king of, 23 ; and Isabel, his 
daughter, wife of King Edward II., 26S. 
France, Fraunce, ffraunce. 

Alicia, of Bamsley, 552. 

Henricus, 520. 

Janyn de, of North Owram, 545. 

Johannes de, of Allerton, 549; Johannes de, of 
Headingley, 549. 

Ouinciwe, 5S. 

Ricardus, 537. 

Robert, 335, 336. 

Willelmus de, of Headingley, 549. 
Franceis, F'rances, Franceys, ffranceys, F>ancays, 
Franscys, Frauncays, Fraunceis, Fraunceise, 
Fraunces, Fraunceys, ffraunceys, Fraunceyse, 
Frauncheays, Frauncheysse, Frauncis, F>aun- 
says, ffrenceis, Fronceis, 395. 

Adam le, 69, Si, 138, 166, 203, 289, 329, 331, 401, 
519, 526, 550; Adam, juror, 486; Adam, of Jard- 
ley, 505 ; Adam le, of Wallington, 305 ; Adam le, 
of Westmancote, 508 ; Adam le, and Eudo, his 
son, 230; Adam, and Juliana, his wife, 226; 
Adam le, and Roger, his son, 226; Adam le, and 
Simon, his son, 236. 

Advice la, 235. 

Agnes le, 39. 

Alan le, Alanus, 63, 230, 304, 305, 387, see Fraiicus, 
3S2 ; Alan le, knight, member of Parliament, 
commissioner, etc., of Badlingham, Fencotes, 
and Fordham, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 531; Alan 
le, of Beckingham, and Joan, his wife, 311, 312; 
Alan le, of Normanton, and Ysoulda, his wife, 
539; Alan le, of Selby, 541, 542, and Henry, his 
son, 542, 543. 

Albinus, of Worcester city, 497. 

Alexander, 21S. 

Algarus, 1 12. 

Alicia, 41, 1S4, 521. 

Alured le, Aluredus, 105, 106, 107, Aelizia, prob- 
ably his wife, 106, 108, Ricardus le, son of 
Aelizia, 106, 107, 108, 109, Azo and Rohesia, 
daughters of Ricardus le, loS. 

Andrew le, ig ; Andrew, of Malteby, chaplain, 227. 

Anthony, clerk, 311. 

Amulfus, 82. 

Bartholomeus le, 120. 

Bemardus le, Johannes and Osmundus, sons of, 
Radulphus, son of Johannes, Hamo, son of 
Osmundus, and Walterus, son of Hamo, 411, 

412. 

Clement le, provost of Wallingford, 21 ; Clement, 

and William, his son, 502. 
Cristiana le, of Wellington, widow of Richard de 

Welington, 172. 
Dominus, in Runhal, 27S. 
Eborardus, Lord, 49. 



Franceis, etc., continued. 

Ebrord le, merchant of London, 241. 

Edward, Aedwardus le, 492. 

Elena la, 231. 

Elyas, 42, 43. 

Emma la, Agnes, Cristiana, and Mirgeria, daugh- 
ters of, wives of William de Monz, Alexander de 
Chykengrave, and Geoffrey le Carpenter, 360, 
361. 

Ervis' le, of Durrington, 474, 475. 

Eustacius, Eustachius, 2S7 ; Eustacius le, juror, 
228. 

Everardus le, alias Frenssh, of Bristol, 4S6. 

Felicia, 394. 

Fulco, 548. 

G., 163. 

Geoffrey le, Galfridus, 27S, 323, 352, 3S9; Geoffrey, 
juror, 28, 501; Galfridus, of Aldington, 500; 
Galfridus, of Astley, 501 ; Galfridus, of Dun- 
stable, 12; Galfridus, of Osmundeston, 84 ; Gal- 
fridus le, and Christiana, his wife, 137 ; Galfridus, 
and Wimarca, his wife, 97. 

Gerard le, Gerardus, 307, 484 ; Gerard le, mayor of 
Bristol, 144. 

Gervaseus le, 331. 

Gilbert, Gibertus, 47, 97, 194, 225, 292, 4S9, 528; 
Gilbertus, heirs of, 432 ; Gilbert le, Gilbertus, 
knight, son of Ricardus, 19, 20, 31, 66, 67, 68, 78, 
79, 80, Si, 86, 87, 89, 225, 385, 3S6, 389, 468, 470, 
523, 524, 525 ; Hawise, wife of, daughter of 
Robert de Vernon, 30, 31, 78, 79, 86, 385; 
Richard le, son of, alias Richard de Vernon, 3d, 
29, 30, 31, 79. 88, 221, 385, 386, 470, 471; Gil- 
bert le, heirs of, 21, 468, 469; Gilbertus, junior, 
member of Parliament, burgess of Devizes, 492 ; 
Gilbert, of Staverton, 292 ; Gilbertus le, of Quick, 
539 ; Gilbertus le, wife Gosse, daughter Dionisia, 
60 ; Gilbertus, and wife IMargareta, 495 ; Gilbert 
le, and son Richard, 4S7. 

Godfrey le, burgess of Lenn, 280. 

Grimbaldus le, 523, 524. 

Guilelmus, Willilmus, 88, 168. 

Gvydo, 32 ; Gwido le, and Juliana, his wife, 23S. 

Henry le, Henricus, 135, 136, 214, 218, 402, 499; 
Henricus, bailiff of Taverham, 286; Henry, 
juror of Merston, 514; Henry, juror of Snibston, 
221 ; Henry, juror of Staple hundred, 486; 
Henricus, of Blithebiri, 381 ; Henricus le, of 
Hodnell, 447; Henricus, of Shipston, 508; 
Henr\', of Stainland, 546; Henricus le, of Staun- 
ton, 511; Henry le, of Elton, 185, Gilbert and 
John, his sons, 185, 186, 1S7, i58, 1S9, 190 ; 
Henricus le, alias Franciscus, of Kingston, and 
Henricus, his heir, 173, 174, 175; Henry and 
Robert, his brother, 202. 

Herbertus le, 416. 

Herlewin, and Benedict, his son, 55. 

Hennanus, 149. 



INDEX. 



569 



Franceis, etc., continued. 

Hugh le, Hugo, 83, 131, 143, 174, 201, 310, 434, 
451, 478, 482, 550; Hugo, alias Francigena, 322; 
Hugh le, bailiff of Thetford, wife Alice, and son 
Roger le, 285, 286; Hugo, of Blithebur', manu- 
captor, 3S1 ; Hugh, master of " La Blithe," 233 ; 
Hugh le, juror, 200; Hugh le, of Amblecoat, and 
Thomas, his son, 391, 392; Hugo, of Glapthoni, 
295; Hugo, of Morton, 503; Hugh le, of South- 
cot, 23 ; Hugo le, and Alan, his son, 302 ; Hugo 
le, alias Franciscus, 24S, 25S, 259, Dionisia, wife 
of, 259 ; Hugo le, the father of John, the baron 
of the Exchequer, 452, 455, 46S. 

Hukelinus le, and son Philippus, 172. 

Humfridus le, 512. 

Isabella la, 15. 

James le, juror, 205. 

John le, Johannes, 16, 23, 36, 37, 40, 58, 60, 61, 62, 
64, 83, 137, 140, 151, 165, 171, 204, 212, 237, 240, 
241, 250, 284, 328, 329, 332, 378, 380, 390, 400, 
448, 473, 487, 499, 506, 515, 519, 521, 523, 526, 
528, 529, 530; Johannes le, canon of St. Paul's, 
prebendary of Holbom, 248, 249; John le, 
Johannes, alias Francigena, Franciscus, parson 
of Caldbeck, v, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 536, 537; 
John le, alias Francigena, Franciscus, rector of 
Adlingfleet, 546, 547 ; Johannes le, alias Fran- 
cigena, Franciscus, of Mebuni Maud, baron of 
the Exchequer, escheator, justice, and king's 
clerk, son of Hugo le, 78, 265, 452, 453, 454, 455, 
456, 457, 458, 459, 460, 461, 462, 463, 464, 465, 
466, 467, 468, 470, 471; Johannes le, one of the 
keepers of the royal seal, king's clerk, etc., 267, 
268, 269, 270, 271, 272; John, seneschal of 
Bristol, 144, 145 ; Johannes le, military summons, 
1S9, igo; John le, master, 243; Johannes, juror, 
of Bideford, 103 ; Johannes, juror, of Cressage, 
340; Johannes, of Berrington, 501; Johannes, of 
Britsmorton, 510; Johannes, of Cadeby, 552; 
Johannes, of Chiddingly, 432; Johannes, of 
Clibum, 449, 450 ; John le, of Dalton, 527, 528 ; 
John le, of Dalton Travers, 528, Adam, son of, 
528, 529 ; Johannes le, of Foxton, 56, 57 ; John 
le, of La Knoll, 489 ; John le, of Marske, 530 ; 
Johannes le, of Overbury, 507 ; Johannes, alias 
Franciscus, in Sibertoft, 294, 295 ; John, of Smal- 
berge, and William, his son, 286; John, of 
Stokes, 100 ; Johannes, of Worcester city, 497 ; 
Johannes le, of Wyke Abbetot, 510: John, and 
Ida, his daughter, 274; John le, and John, his 
son, 406 ; Johannes le, and Johannes, his son, 
496 ; Johannes le, and Margaret Scolice, his 
wife, 36, 37, 38; Johannes, wife Margeria, son 
Stephanus, 484; John, 116, Nicholas, 116, 369, 
Roger, 1 16, 369, Walter, 116, brothers of John; 
John le, and son Richard, 235 ; John, and Rob- 
ert, his son, 524, 525, Grimbald, uncle of Robert, 
524- 



Franceis, etc., continued. 

Lambert le, of Burford, 317. 

Laurence le, in Chichester, 424. 

Margaret la, 311. 

Margery la, 364. 

Matilda, 187, 198, 319. 

Matthew, Matheus, 48; Matheus le, of Newcastle, 
299 ; Matthew le, and son John, 245. 

Michael, juror, of Ashburton, 104. 

Nicholas le, 71, 182, 520; Nicholas, seneschal of 
the abbot of Westminster, 139; Nicholas le, of 
Brockhampton, 133. See Nicholaus le Frense, 

134, 135- 

Nigellus, juror, 231; Nigellus, of Lockington, 519. 

Odo, 70. 

Osbertus le, 195, 215, 315, 316; Osbertus, of Bad- 
dow, 123. 

Peter le, 171, 236, 237, 281, 291, 483, 534; Petrus, 
juror, 514; Peter le, in Birmingham, 444; Petrus 
le, of Himbleton, 507; Petrus, of Norton, 230. 

Philippus, 57, 476, 493 ; Philippus, of Coslane, 
273 ; Philippus, junior, and wife Felicia, 122. 

Puce la, 21. 

Ralph, Radulphus, iii, 151, 16S, 182, 229, 236, 
327, 399i 417. 4811 512, 535; Ralph, mayor of 
Winchester, 150; Ralph, of Bearley, and son 
Robert, 435; Radulfus, of Brockhampton, 131, 
132 ; Radulphus, of Cutsdean, 506 ; Radulph, and 
daughter Juliana, 549; Radulfus le, and wife 
Margareta, 139. 

Ranulf le, 100. 

Reginald, Reginaldus, 416; Reginaldus le, of Red- 
bourne, 234; Reginaldus, of Shelfhanger, 275; 
Reginald, of Wolverhampton, and Richard, his 
son, 394 ; Reginald, and Agatha, his wife, 398 ; 
Reginald de, and Matilda, widow of, 346; Regi- 
nald, and Wimima, his wife, 547. 

Richard le, Ricardus, 8, 48, 49, 59, 60, 82, 100, 120, 
180, 181, 193, 194, 203, 213, 224, 273, 300, 352, 
353, 372, 373. 393. 395. 405. 43°. 43'. 4S4. 521, 
523. 550, 551; Richard le, knight, 177, 398; 
Richardus, chamberlain, 226; Richard le, com- 
missioner, 127; Ricardus, burgess of Gloucester, 
131; Ricardus le, juror, 36; Richard le, of 
Bitterley, 346; Richard le, in Chichester, 424; 
Richard, of Gloucester, 131; Richard, of Hem- 
ington, 220; Ricardus le, of Hulton, 341; Ri- 
cardus, of Lockington, 519; Ricardus le, of 
Netherton, 507; Richard, of Truro, 70; Ri- 
cardus, of Walsingham, 283, 284; Ricardus le, 
of Whatton, and Isolda, his aunt, 222, 223 ; 
Ricardus le, of Wimpole, 62, 63, 64, and Isolda, 
his wife, 64; Ricardus le, and Emma, his wife, 
289; Ricardus le, father of Gilbert le, knight, 
78, 80, 468; Richard le, and Henry, his son, 309; 
Richard le, and Margaret, or Margery, late wife 
of, 197 ; Ricardus le, and Matilda, his wife, 120. 

Roald le, 527. 



57° 



INDEX. 



Franceis, etc., coniijiued. 

Robert, Robertus, le, 25, 34, 39, 40, 41, 44, 47, 55, 
82, 83, 104, 118, 128, 137, 140, 155, 158, 160, 162, 
.165, 166, 238, 277, 299, 302, 307, 308, 309, 313, 
3i5> 32o> 324. 325. 33°> 332, 347- 349. 35^, 357. 
358. 377. 383. 394. 399. 402, 405. 434. 443. 44^. 
473, 49'. 493, 494. SM, 5i7. S'g. 549; Robert, 
knight, 532, 538; Robertus, sheriff, of Devon, 
07 ; Robert le, baihff of Horsham, 422 ; Robert 
le, provost of Wallingford, 21, 22, 23 ; Robert 
le, juror, 102, no; Robert le, of Beckingham, 
311, 312; Robert le, of Billinghurst, 41S; Ro- 
bertus le, of Bitteswell, and Nicholas, his son, 
224; Robert, of Chedder, and Richard, his son, 
374. 375 ; Robert, of Dunstable, and Robert, his 
son, 12, 13 ; Robertus, of Hemington, 220 ; 
Robertus le, of Hull, and Johannes, his son, 378; 
Robert, of Kirkton, and Robert, his son, 308 ; 
Robert, of Martley, 502 ; Robertus le, of North- 
ampton, 2S9; Robert le, of Osmundeston, Will- 
iam le, ist, son of; John le, ist, son of William, 
ist; William le, 2d, son of John, ist; and Agnes, 
his wife, daughter of Radulph de Tykenhall ; 
John, 2d, son of William, 2d, and Margeria, his 
wife, daughter of William Beaufoy, 84 ; Robert 
le, of Salford, 440, 441, 442; Robert le, 367, 368, 
and Alice, his mother, 367 ; Robertus le, alias 
Francigena, ■wife Cristiana, and nephew Alanus, 
435. 43^; Robert le, and son John, 527, 528; 
Robertus le, and wife Leticia, 401 ; Robertus le, 
and wife Matilda, 127. 

Roger le, Rogerus, 42, 47, 1S3, 197, 405, 40S, 410, 
444, 445, 494, 495 ; Rogerus le, of Cletere, and 
wife Cristiana, 171 ; Roger, of the Cotentin, Nor- 
mandy, 532; Rogertis le, of Cressage, 338, 339, 
340; Christiana, his wife, 339; Roger le, of Han- 
bury, 506; Roger, of Linthorp, 533, 534, 535; 
Roger, son of William, in Scotland, 533 ; Roger 
le, and son John, 407 ; Roger, and wife Mar- 
geria, 393 ; Rogerus le, and wife Matilda, 208. 

Saerus de, sheriff of Huntingdon, 182. 

Sarra, 289. 

Simon le, Symon le, 117, 179, 180, 194, 199, 228, 
499; Simon le, of Helpringham, 228; Simon le, 
and son Durandus, 481 ; and Willelmus, son of 
Durandus, 48 1, 482; Simon, and daughter Mar- 
garet, 312. 

Stephen le, Stephanus, 63, 125, 214, 4S8, 520; 
Stephanus, and son Bartholomeus, and Stepha- 
mus, son of Bartholomeus, 283. 

Thomas le, 28, 89, 98, 99, 150, 168, 192, 194, 202, 
220, 300, 332, 337, 362, 372, 373, 446, 517, 544; 
Thomas le, deputy sheriff, 400 ; Thomas le, 
knight, 397 ; Thomas, mayor of Thetford, 286 ; 
Thomas, seneschal, 372; Thomas, of Blyth, 308; 
Thomas, of Elksley, 308; Thomas, of Leigh, 
510; Thomas le, of Pershore, 510; Thomas, of 
Rotherham, 553 ; Thomas le, of SeworthjTi, 390 ; 



Franceis, etc., continued. 

Thomas le, of Spetchley, 508; Thomas le, of 
Stocton, and son Roger, 275 ; Thomas le, and 
Adam and Robert, his sons, 45 1 ; Thomas le, 
and wife Agnes, 354, 364, 365, 366, and son 
Thomas, 354; Thomas, and Alicia, relict of, 400; 
Thomas le, and son Everardus, 349 ; Thomas le, 
and son Gilbert, 487 ; Thomas le, wife Johanna, 
and daughters Agnes, Alice, Christiana, Eufemia, 
Juliana, Margaret, and Matilda, 115: Thomas, 
and wife Petronilla, 266. 

Uctred le, alias Franciscus, of Kirkoswald, 81. 

W. le, 544, 545. 

Walter, Walterus le, 44, 46, 99, 112, 114, 124, 144, 
149, 164, 191, 203, 204, 231, 330, 374, 396, 425, 
447. 5°5. 5'2, 521, 522, 523; Walter, mayor of 
Bristol, 144; Walterus le, bailiff, 522, 552; Walter 
le, juror, 509, 518; Walter le, of Exeter, 97; 
Walterus, of Hecceford, 149; Walter le, alias 
Francigena, of Normandy, v; Walterus le, of 
Redmarley d' Abitot, 508; Walter le, wife Emma, 
son John, and daughters Margaret, and Matilda, 
wife of Richard de Clodeshale, 262, 263 ; Walter 
le, and Isolda, his daughter, 49S ; Walter le, wife 
Isolda, 3S6; Cristiana and Joan, sisters of Isolda, 
387. 

William le, Willelmus, 8, 9, 10, 14, 36, 41, 43, 44, 
59, 62, 68, 82, 83, 96, 103, no, 115, 123, 125, 141, 
144, 145, 190, 191, 193, ig6, 198, 202, 203, 204, 
227, 232, 240, 273, 284, 287, 292, 321, 328, 330, 
333. 336, 338. 345. 346. 349. 353, 359. 362, 363, 
370. 377, 378, 379. 382, 390. 395. 404. 405, 432, 
433, 444, 451. 4S0, 49S, 505. 506. 512, 517. 521, 
532. 537. 546; Willelmus, parson of Richbor- 
ough, 200; Willelmus, bailiff, 273; Willelmus, 
bailiff of Newcastle upon Tyne, 297, 300; Will- 
elmus, bailiff of Northampton, 290 ; Willelmus, 
burgess of Worcester, 496 ; Willelmus, juror, 
362 ; Willelmus, steward of the honor of Cran- 
bome, no; Willelmus, manucaptor, 406; Will- 
iam, and his son Roger, in Annandale, Scotland, 
533 ; Willelmus le, of Archelastre, 83 ; William, 
of Bearley, and William, his son, 435; Willel- 
mus le, of Beeston, 276 ; William le, of Bels- 
wardins, 338, 339; William le, of Ben\ick, Will- 
iam, his son, and Sibil, wife of William, 2d, 
334; William, of Billesdou, 21S; Willelmus le, 
of Ijledlow, and Isabella, his daughter, 31; 
Willielmus le, in Boistardslega, Bustardsleg', 
287, 288; Willelmus, of Bolton, 209, 210; Will- 
elmus, of CO. Buckingham, 27 ; William le, of 
Charlton, 334, 335; William, of the Cotentin in 
Normandy, 532 ; Willelmus le, of Fisherton, 
and Robert, his son, 47S; William le, of Harp- 
ham, 518; Willelmus, of Heddon, and Matilda, 
his wife, 303, 304; Willelmus le, of Kiddermin- 
ster, 503 ; Willelmus le, of Lakenham, 285 ; 
William, of Langton, 116, 369, and Agnes, his 



INDEX. 



571 



Franceis, etc, cotiitniied. 

wife, 369; William, of Meeson, 336; Willelmus, 
of North Fleet, 198; Willelmus le, of Oldswin- 
ford, 503; Willelmus, of Ottringham, 521; Will- 
elmus le, of Pershore, 510; William, of Salford, 
442, 443, and mother Alice, 442; Willelmus le, 
of Selby, 540, 541 ; Willelmus le, of Sherborne, 
159; Willelmus, of Skeffington, 219, and Will- 
elmus, his son, 219, 220; William le, of Staver- 
ton, 291; William le, ist, of Sutton, 341, 342, 
343, 344, and William, his son, 342, 343, and Alice, 
Juliana, and Margaret, daughters of William, 
ist, 343, 344, see Alicia le Frense; William, 
of Sutton-near-Trent, and son Stephen, 314; 
Willelmus le, of Thomhill, 11 1; William, vicar 
of Thorpe Emald, 215 ; Willelmus le, of Thurles- 
ton, 447; Willelmus le, of Weetslade, 301; 
Willelmus le, of Worplesdon, 413; Willelmus 
le, and son Adam, 403 ; William le, wife Agnes 
(whose second husband was William le Erade- 
leye), sons William le, and Thomas le Frensche, 
347, 34S; Willelmus, and daughter Alicia, 48S; 
Willelmus, and son Hugo, 281 ; Willelmus le, 
472, and son John, 469, 470, 472 ; Willelmus le, 
and wife Juliana, 416; William le, and son 
Walter, 232 ; Willelmus, and son Willelmus, 

355. 
Franch, Franche, ffranche, Fransh, Fraynche, 
Fraynssche, Frea}'nch, Freaynche, Freinche, 
Freinshe, French, Frenche, Frenisha, Frensce, 
Frensch, ffrensch, Frensche, Ffrensche, Frense, 
ffrense, Frensh, ffrenssh, Frenshe, Ffrenshe, 
Frenshes, Frenssche, Frenssh, Ffrenssh, 
Frensshe, ffrensshe, Frenyshe, Freynces, 
Freynch, Freynche, Freynsce, Freynsch, Freynse, 
Freynsh, freynshe, ffreynshe, Freynssh, Frienshe. 

Adam, burgess of Bristol, and Alice and Maud, 
his wives, 147; Adam, master of "la Seynte- 
maribate," of London, 242 ; Adam, of Green- 
wich, 207 ; Adam le, of High Onn, 378 ; Adam 
le, of la Moore, 166. 

Alice, Alicia le, 207, 407 ; Alicia le, alias Fraun- 
ceys, of Sutton, and Rogerus, her heir, 344, 345 ; 
and Willelmus, son of Rogerus le, 345. 

Almaricus, master of Mayor's Chapel, Bristol, 145. 

Bartholomew, rector of Little Bamingham, 277. 

Eborardus, 376; Eborardus le, of Bristol, 145, 146. 

Edmund le, 9. 

Edwardus, juror of Winterboume Stoke, 479. 

Everardus, alias Fraunceys, of Bristol, 486. 

Geoffrey le, Galfridus, viii, 33, 4S3 ; Galfridus, of 
Felstead, 126. 

Gilbert, Gilbertus le, 396 ; Gilbert, rector of Findon 
and Rayleigh, 127, 421, 422; Gilbert, burgess of 
Bramber, member of Parliament, and juror, 421. 

Giles, keeper of the wardrobe in Windsor Castle, 

24- 
Henry le, Henricus, member of Parliament for 



Franch, etc., coniinned. 

Horsham, 423 ; Henricus le, manucaptor, 420 ; 
Henricus le, of Doulting, 373 ; Henrj' le, of 
Shipston, and Robert, his son, 508. 

Hugo le, juror of Linslade, 32. 

James, Jacobus, of Cambridge City, 38 ; James, of 
Leicester City, 214. 

John le, Johannes, 65, 113, 151, 243, 264, 359, 365, 
367,419, 433; Johannes, chaplain, 126; Johan- 
nes, clerk, 126; John, vicar of St. Mary-Red- 
cliff, Bristol, 146; Johannes, rector of Little 
Leighs, 124; Johannes, rector of Witney, 320; 
John, member of Parliament for Bramber and 
Steyning, 420, 421; John, member of Parliament 
for Hythe, 205 ; Johan, mayor of London, 243 ; 
John, burgess of Steyning, 421; John le, bailiff 
of Hythe, 205 ; John le, bailiff of Newport, i6g ; 
John le, bailiff of Winchester, 150, 151 ; Johannes 
le, juror, 143, iSo, 485; Johannes le, juror, of 
Bedhampton, 167 ; Johannes le, juror, of Faws- 
ley hundred, 291; Johannes le, juror, of Holt, 
507 ; Johannes le, juror, of Langley, 34 ; Jo- 
hannes le, juror, of Melchboume, 13 ; Johannes 
le, juror, of Ombersley, 507 ; Johannes le, juror, 
of Plumpton, 431 ; Johannes le, juror, of Swar- 
raton, 156: Johannes le, juror, of .Swyre, 116; 
Johannes le, juror, of Upton, 35; Johannes le, 
manucaptor, 419, 492 ; John le, of Bramber and 
wife Alice, 421 ; John, of Bristol, and Joan and 
Julian, his wives, 148 ; John, of Canterbury, and 
wife Sara, 195 ; John le, of Coddington, and 
wife Sibyl, 65 ; John le, of London, goldsmith, 
251, 252, 253, 254, 255, Margaret, his wife, 255, 
John, their son, 255 ; John le, of Swarraton, 155 ; 
John le, of West Cheam, 410; John le, and wife 
Aliva, 422 ; Johannes le, wife Lucia, and son 
Johannes, 122 ; John le, and son Robert, 263. 

Johanna, wife of John Markeby, goldsmith, 252. 

La%vrence, comptroller of the customs at Chi- 
chester, 424. 

Martin le, 204. 

Maud, Matilda la, 146, 263 ; Matilda la, of North- 
ampton, 290. 

Miles, Milo, 128; Miles le, and Jolianna Band, 
intended wife, 121. 

Nicholas le, Nicholaus, 406, 417 ; Nicholas le, 
juror, of Kencott, 318; Nicholaus, juror, of 
Sopworth, 482 ; Nicholaus le, of Brockhampton, 
i34> '35) snd Wiliielmus le, his brother, 134. 
See Nicholaus le Franceis, 133. 

Osbertus, viii, 4S3. 

Peter le, preceptor of St. Wolstan, 500; Peter le, 
of Northampton, 290. 

Radulph le, 207. 

Reginald de, Reginaldus, 356; Reginald le, reeve, 
of Bideford, 104; Reginaldus le, of Bristol, 146; 
Reginald, of Maidenhead, Alice, relict of, 16, 
and son Reginald, 17. 



5?: 



INDEX. 



Franch, etc., continued. 

Reynald, mayor of Bristol, 146; Reynold, bailiS 
of Bristol, 145. 

Richard le, Ricardus, 505 ; Richard, prior of Tan- 
ridge, 410; Ricardus le, juror, of Hughendou, 
33; Ricardus le, juror, of Stanford, 17; Ricardus 
le, juror, of Stotfold, 1 1 ; Ricardus le, of Babiug- 
ton, 361; Richardus le, of Blagdon, 374; Ri- 
cardus le, of Broomfield, 349; Richard, of Can- 
terbury, 195 ; Ricardus le, of Cheadle, 394 ; Ri- 
chardus, of Chedzoy, 366; Richard le, of Wor- 
plesdon, 413. 

Robert le, Robertus, 157, 204, 366, 425 ; Robert, 
member of Parliament for Horsham, 423; Rob- 
ert, burgess of Bramber, 421; Robert, burgess of 
Horsham, 422; Robertus le, manucaptor, 417, 
419, 423, 425; Robertus le, of Northampton, 
290 ; Robertus le, of Ockley, and soil Robert, 
414; Robertus, of Tickhill, and wife Sibilla, 
553; Robert le, and Elena, widow of, 417; Rob- 
ert, and wife Isabella, 1 13 ; Robert le, and son 
Robert, and Isabel, wife of Robert, 2d, 422. 

Roger le, Rogerus, 28, 175, 176, 363; Rogerus le, 
juror, of Stotfold, 11; Rogerus le, of Evesham, 
500; Roger, of Maidenhead, wife Margeret, and 
son John, 16; Roger le, of Wellington, 337. 

Simon le, knight, 475, 476, 477, 4S5 ; Simon, and 
wife Hawise, 260, 261. 

Stephen de, master, 251. 

Thomas le, 146, 239, 361; Thomas, chaplain of 
Holy Cross Temple, Bristol, 147; Thomas, juror 
of Idbury, 323 ; Thomas le, manucaptor, 433 ; 
Thomas le, of Bradley, son of William and Agnes 
le Fraunceys, 347, 348 ; Thomas, of Hartlepool, 
119; Thomas, of Mitford, 303; Thomas, of Pol- 
lington, and wife Elena, 547; Thomas, of Wad- 
worth, and \vife Margareta, 553 ; Thomas le, of 
Wotton, 414, 415. 

Walter, Walterus le, of Great Torrington, son Hen- 
ricus le, and Margeria de Yunstapel, wife of 
Henricus le, loi ; Walter, of Maidenhead, and 
wife Emma, 16; Walterus le, of Newton, 370; 
Walter, and daughter Margaret, 264 ; Walter le, 
and son William, 114. 

William le, Willelmus, 14, 141, 167, 201, 407, 419, 
423, 477; William, bailiff of the liberty of Queen 
Philippa, 474 ; Willelmus le, juror, of Biggles- 
wade, 10 ; Willelmus le, juror, of Fawsley hun- 
dred, 291; Willelmus, juror, of Letcombe, 19; 
Willelmus, juror, of Lillington, 115; Willelmus, 
juror, of iNIaidwell, 292 ; Willelmus le, juror, of 
Mottisfont, 168; Willelmus, juror, of Rogate, 
424; Willelmus le, juror, of Sulham, 24; Wiil- 
elmus le, juror, of Tjiiehara, 1 13 ; Willelmus le, 
manucaptor, 171, 420; William, royal orders for 
Windsor Castle, palace of Westminster, and tov\-n 
of Calais, 24 ; Willelmus le, of Arle, 367 ; Will- 
elmus le, of Auecheston, 473; William le, of 



Franch, etc., continned. 

Canterbury, 195, ig6; William, of Fingiinghoe, 
130; Willelmus le, in Norton, 360; Willelmus 
le, of Sutton Downes, 68 ; Willelmus, in Stoke, 
368. 

Yvo le, and wife Felicia, 163. 
Francigena. 

Albertus, 279, 2S0, 2S2, 401 ; and Reginaldus, his 
brother, 279. 

Baldwinus, S. 

Gilbertus, 479. 

Herlewinus, of Waltham, 216, 217. 

Hugo, alias Franceys, 322. 

Humfridus, knight, 493. 

John, Johannes, alias Franciscus, P'ranceis, parson 
of Caldbeck, v, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 536, 537; 
Johannes, alias Franciscus, rector of Adlingfleet, 
546, 547; John, canon of Lichfield, 386; Jo- 
hannes, alias Franciscus, P'raunceys, of Mebum 
Maud, baron of the Exchequer, escheator, jus- 
tice, king's clerk, son of Hugh le Fraunceys, 78, 
265, 452, 453, 454, 455, 456, 457, 458, 459, 460, 
461, 462, 463, 464, 465, 466, 467, 468, 470, 471; 
Dominus Johannes, 301. 

Nicholaus, 69. 

Radulius, Radulphus, 257 ; Radulphus, and wife 
Matilda, 513, 514. 

Robertus, alias Franceis, wife Cristiana, nephew 
Alanus, 435, 436; Robertus, alias Francesus, 426, 
427, 428, 429, Hugo and Thomas, his sons, 426, 
42S, 429, and Robertus, probably grandson, 426, 
429. 

Rogerus, 338. 

Thoraldus, 513. 

Waltems, alias Franceis, of Normandy, v. 

Willelmus, 77, 171, 258; Willelmus, and wife 
Matilda de Gaumeton, 518. 
Franciscus, ffranciscus, Francescus, Francesus, 
Fraunciscus. 

Alanus, alias Franceis, of Selby, 541, 542, and 
son Henricus, 542, 543. 

Gibertus, 164. 

Gyleminus, 211. 

Hamo, of Goldicote, 506. 

Henricus, alias Fraunceys, of Kingston, 173, 174, 

175- 

Hugo, alias Franceys, and wife Dionisia, 259. 

John, Johannes, 176, 294, 295, 503, 506; John le, 
Johannes, alias Francigena, Franceis, parson of 
Caldbeck, v, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 536, 537; 
John, alias Francigena, Franceys, rector of Ad- 
iingtleet, 546, 547 ; John le, alias Francigena, 
Franceis, of Mebum Maud, baron of the E.x- 
chequer, escheator, justice, and king's clerk, son 
of Hugo le Fraunceys, 78, 265, 452, 453, 454, 455, 
456, 457, 458, 459, 460, 461, 462, 463, 464, 465, 
466, 467, 468, 470, 471; John, juror, 504. 

Martinus, 202. 



INDEX. 



573 



Franciscus, etc., contiimed. 

Nicholas, 165 ; Nicholas, abbot of St. Michael's 

Mount, 6g. 
P., 498- 
Petrus, 499. 
Radulfus, 351. 

Ricardus le, 430; Ricardus, alias Franceis, 107. 
Robertus, 502 ; Robertus, alias Francigena, 426, 

427, 428, 429, Hugo and Thomas, his sons, 426, 

428, 429, and Robertus, probably grandson, 426, 
429. 

Rogerus, 176. 

Simon, 499; Simon, of Upton, 511. 

Uctred, alias Franceys, Si. 

W., 108. 

Walterus, 224, 325, 424 ; Waltenis, of Alderminster, 
510. 

Willelmus, 43, 521 ; Willelmus, bailiff of Condover 
hundred, 339; Willelmus, of Benham, 18. 
Francois. 

Ricardus le, minter, 265, 266; Richard, juror, 202. 

Robertus le, of Langley, 437, 438. 

Thomas, 374. 

William, juror, 202. 
Francus, de Franco. 

Alan, alias Franceis, 3S2, 387. 

Galfridus, 371. 

Johannes, 288; Johannes, and Simon, knight, of 
Har', his brother, Emma, wife of Simon, and 
Humfridus, heir of Simon, 316, 317. 

Reinerus, 281. 

Ricardus, serjeant, no; Ricardus, of Oxford City, 
317; Richard, and son Fulk, 355. 

Robertus, 222 ; Robertus, of Newcastle, and 
Petrus, his servant, 389; Robertus, of Stan- 
ford, 394; Robertus, 178, and son Willelmus, 
178, 179. 

Willelmus, 130, 388, 534. 
Frankays, Frankes, Frankyse. 

Adam, of Gilling, 530. 

Emma, 529. 

John, 529. 
Frankleyn, Willelmus, 478. 
Frans', Thomas, 553. 
Frederick, Roman emperor, 447. 
Freeman, Frenian. 

Joan, 148. 

Johannes, 63. 

William le, 186. 
Freisne, Walterus del, 170. 
Frent, Johanna le, 146. 
Frevil, Frevile, Ricardus de, 57, 62. 
Frie, Sybil la, 482. 
Frier, William de la, 418. 
Frimingeham, Galfridus de, 198. 
Frith, Henricus de, and Petris, his brother, 281. 
Froditonia, Rogerus praetor of, 158. 
Froille, Robert de, 151. 



Frome. 

Gilbert de, and wife Margary, 340. 

Willelmus de, knight, 171. 
Fromond, Galfridus, abbot of Glastonbury, 484. 
Frowick, Thomas de, clericus mercati hospitii 

Domini Regis, 180. 
Froysh, Thomas, 39S. 
Frumentius. 

Ricardus, 217. 

Robertus, 217. 
Fulcredus, brother of Robertus, and Baldricus, son 

of Robertus, 257. 
FuUere, Philippus le, 415. 
Fullone. 

Johannes, 362. 

Radulfus, 552. 
Fulrichich, Robert de, 222. 
Fumes, Fumeus. 

Robert de, 308. 

Symon de, 57. 
Furno, Johannes de, daughters, Alicia, Emma, and 
Juliana, wife of Willelmus de PykerjTige, 315. 



Galdington, Henricus de, rector of Grossemer, kins- 
man of Johannes Francigena, parson of Cald- 
beck, 536. 
Galloway, Alan, lord of, 47, Dervergull, his daugh- 
ter, wife of John de Baliol, 191, 304. 
Gardener, Gardyner. 

Reginaldus le, and Thomas le, his son, 397. 
Richard, 180. 
William le, 397. 
Garendon, abbot of, 223. 
Garland, Garlaund, William de, 20, 81. 
Garthorpe, Ranulf de, 89. 
Garwyntone, Rogerus de, 201. 
Gate, Robert ate, 231. 
Gater, Walterus, 10 1. 
Gatesdene, John de, knight, 125. 
Gatton, Gattun, Gacton. 
Gaufridus de, 429. 
Robert, 198. 
Gaumeton, Matilda de, wife of Willelmus Franci- 
gena, 51S. 
Geldeforde, Robertus de, 352. 
Gemel, Walterms, 299. 
Gentyl, Nicholaus, knight, member of Parliament, 

417. 
Gerberd, Willelmus, justice, 478. 
Gerendon, abbey of St. Mary of, 223. 
Gerewell, Geoffrey, 523. 
Geri. 
Henricus, 382. 
Ralph, 435. 
Germeni, Robertus, 106. 



574 



INDEX. 



Germunvill, Gilbertus de, 363. 
Gemet. 

Benedictus, 209, 210. 

Johannes de, of Caton, 210. 
Gemon, Gemun. 

Radululphus, 395. 

Randolp de, earl of Chester, and Matilda, his wife, 79. 
Gersiz, Galfridus clerk of, 109. 
Giffard, Clyffard. 

Elyas, 478. 

Gilbertus, 477, 47S, 4S5. 

Hugo, 47S. 

John, 333. 

Osbertus, 319. 

Robertus, monk of Glastonbury, 4S3. 

Walter, xii. 

Willelmus, sheriff of Norfolk, 283, 285. 
Gilebertus, Ysaak, 429. 
Gille, Moyses, and Joan, his wife, 103. 
Gillecruce, Robert vicar of, 77. 
Gilor', Johannes de, sheriff of London, 454. 
Gisselham, Gyselyngham. 

Willelmus de, king's representative, 199, 474, 475, 
476, 4S0, 4S5. 
Githericheforth, Thomas, 299. 
Glauvill, Glanville. 

Anselm de, 155. 

Rannulphus de, justice, 434. 
Glastonbury, Glaston. 

Abbey of, 373, 483, 484, 494. 

Abbot of, 359, 372, 484. 

Adam, abbot of, 482. 

Robert, abbot of, 357, 358. 

Robert Giffard, monk of, 4S3. 

Rogerus, abbot of, 484. 
Glindle, GhTidele. 

John de, Robert de, his son, and Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Solomon de Hodleghe, wife of Robert, 
123, 433- 
Gloucester, Glovemia. 

Abbot of St. Peter's, 141, 143. 

Bailiffs of the earl of, 144. 

Earl of, 32, 60, 61, no, in. See also Clare. 

Henricus, abbot of St. Peter's, 135, 136. 

Johannes, abbot of St. Peter's, 140. 

Monastery of St. Peter's, 140, 141, 157. 

Monks of St. Peter's, 144, 145. 

Robertus de, 133; Robert, earl of, and Matilda, 
his daughter, countess of Chester, 3S3. 

Sheriff of, 137, 139. 

Thomas de, abbot of Evesham, 439; Thomas, 
abbot of St. Peter's, 139. 

Walterus de, escheator and inquisitor, 345, 3S0. 
Glychesfeld, John de, 1 14. 
Cinawepeny, Roger, 145. 
Gnowshale, Ricardus de, 43S. 
Gobaud, Geoffrey, 235. 
Goby, John, senior, and Johanna, his daughter, 264. 



Godard, John, 326. 

Godarviir, Walterus de, 289. 

Godchep, Hamo, sheriff of London, 244. 

Godecnave, Rogerus, 438. 

Godesfeld', Ricardus de, 405. 

Godman, \\'illelraus, 102. 

Godyscalk, John, 205. 

Golde, Willelmus, 68. 

Goldington, Goldinton. 

Peter de, 178. 

Willelmus de, 451. 
Goldstan, William de, 390. 
Gonnyld, Walterus, 292. 
Gorges, Radulhus de, sheriff of Devon, 267. 
Gosefeld, Reginaldus de, 149. 

Gospatric, 527, 528; Dolfin, his son, Roger de Dal- 
ton, son of Dolfin, and Wiltmari, Roger's daugh- 
ter, wife of Norman Travers, 528. 
Gossich, R. de, 379. 
Gofers, Ellen atte, 214. 
Goumeye, Gumay, Gumeye. 

Anselmus de, 362. 

Hugh de, 83. 

Thomas de, 376. 
Gousel, Gousle. 

Ralph, knight, 519. 

Walter de, knight, 96. 
Gouwyk, Johannes, 415. 
Gowiz, Brian de, 367. 
Goyz. 

Michael le, 357. 

Y. le, 358. 
Grafton, see Crafton. 
Granforth, Walterus de, and William de, his brother, 

257- 
Grant, David le, 27. 

Gras, Richard le, abbot of Evesham, 439. 
Grave, William prior of, 12. 
Gravele, Robert de, 181. 
Gray, Grey. 

Henricus, 14. 

Robertus de, and Isabella, his mother, 331. 

Thomas, justice, 119. 
Great Malveme, prior of, 30, 502. 
Green, Grene. 

Henricus de la, 63. 

Jordan de la, 89. 

Nicholaus de la, 136. 

Richard de la, 214. 

Thomas super le, 214. 
Grene Lane, Roger de la, 22 ; and Alice, his wife, 23. 
Grenestede, Walterus clerk of, 42S. 
Greseleg, Geoffrey de, 389. 
Gretingham, Willelmus de, 403. 
Grey, see Gray. 
Greynvile. 

Alice de, mother of Thomas de Hakewille, the 
elder, 103. 



INDEX, 



575 



Greyiivile, continued. 

Bartholomew de, and Richard de, knight, his 
brother, 103. 
Greystock, baron of, 303. 
Grim, Grym. 

Robert, 441, 442. 

Walter, 442. 
Grimbald, Petrus, baron of the Exchequer, 454. 
Grimston, William de, 520. 
Gripe, Adam, 300. 
Grippel, Robert, 130. 
Griselim, Reginaldus, 430. 
Grovesende, William de, 100. 
Grym, see Grim. 
Gudrintone. 

Gerardus de, 137. 

Willelmus de, 137. 
Guisbrough, Gyseburae, prior of, 533, 535. 

Priory of St. JNIary of, 532, 533, 534. 

Ralph, prior of, 534. 

Robertas, master of the work of St. Mary of, 534. 

Stephanus, master of the work of St. Mary of, 534. 
Gumay, Gumey, see Goumeye. 

Guthmmid, Hugh, 500, 501 ; and Ranulf, his son, 501. 
Gutmundus, and Robert, his stepson, 257. 
Guymplere, Amice le, 230. 
Gyen, Robertus, 356. 
Gyffard, see Giffard. 
Gyselyngham, see Gisselham. 



H 



Haddon, Richard de, and Simon de, his son, 291. 
Haftere, Robertus le, 430. 
Hage, Willelmus de la, 36. 
Hagham, Hegham. 

Robert le, and Idonia, his wife, mother of Edward 
le Blund, 244. 

Rogerus de, king's representative, 470, 471. 
Haghmon, see Haughmond. 
Haket, Th., 231. 
Hakewille, Thomas de, Alice de Greynvile, his 

mother, and Thomas, his son, 103. 
Haldeg', Radulphus, 121. 
Hale. 

John de la, 410; Johannes in le, 34. 

Robertus atte, 415 ; Robert de, rector of Elton, 188 ; 
Robert de, clerk, 1S6. 

Stephanus de, and Robert, his son, 190. 
Haleford, Robertus de, 222. 
Hambrach, William de la, 410. 
Hamme. 

John de, knight, 167. 

Walter de, and Euginia, his wife, 18. 
Hamptone, Hamptona, Hamtone. 

Hospital of, 108. 

Philippus de, 323. 



Hamptone, Hamptona, Hamtone, contiimed. 

Rogerus de, 109. 

William, bailiff of Hythe, 204. 
Hanburg'. 

Lucas de, 237. 

Radulfus de, 541. 
Hankyn, Robertus, 10. 
Harcla, Michael de, 79. 
Hardel, Willelmus, 416; Willelmus, custos of the 

mint of London and Canterbury, 266. 
Harden, see also Arden and Ardem. 

W. de, commissioner, 150. 

Willelmus de, 380. 
Hardewine, Robertus, 109. 
Hare, Heuricus, 51. 
Hareines. 

Galfridus de, 236. 

Thomas de, 236; and Elias, his son, 235. 
Harengot, Stephanus, 194. 

Harley, Harle, Maculine de, escheator, 339, 493. 
Harmere, Hamere, Mil' de, 429. 
Harper, John le, and Alicia, his wife, 526. 
Haslintune, Robertus, parson of, 534. 
Hasting, Hasteng, Hastinges, Hastyne, Hastyngs. 

Johannes de, 277. 

Juliana, 14S. 

Ricardus de, presbyter, 429. 

Thomas de, and Thomas, his son, 450. 

Umfridus, 120. 

Willelmus de, 395. 
Hatfield Broad-Oak, Haffeld Regis, monks of, 124, 

125. 
Hattere, Robertus le, 134. 
Hatton, Hugh de, William, his son, and Maud, wife 

of William, 444. 
Hauckeham, Brienus de, 428. 
Hauckherst, Hereward de, 425. 
Hauenok', William, 311. 
Haughmond, Haghmon Abbey, 334, 345. 
Hauirington, Haurington. 

Adam de, 450. 

Robert de, knight, 470. 
Hauteclo, Gilbert de, 464, 466. 
Hautepas, Geoffrey, 151. 

Haverberge, Johannes, son of the chaplam of, 290. 
Haverhill, HaverhuU, HaihuU, HaveruUe, Hauer- 
huUe, Willelmus de, king's treasurer, clerk, 
canon of St. Paul's, London, 266, 454, 456, 458, 
461, 462. 
Haversham, Nicholas de, 509. 
Haveryngdoune, John de, 33. 
Hawyk, Hugo de, 300. 
Hay, Hale, Haya, Haye. 

Robert de la, justice, 440. 

Rogerus de, 173. 

Thomas atte, 146. 

Willelmus de la, 57. 
Hayton, Thomas de, 541. 



576 



INDEX. 



Heavere. 

Ralp de, 123. 

William de, 123. 
Heddon, Hedon. 

CHlbertus de, 405. 

Johannes de, 303, 304. 
Hegham, see Hagham. 
Heiling, Alanus de, 237. 
Heir, Joliannes le, 134. 
Hem, Clemente, loS. 
Heraiugford, Nichola de, 192, 193. 
Hengham, R. de, justice, 392. 
Henner, Willielmus de, 42. 

Henry I., viii, ix, 152, 265, 279, 280, 282, 497; Ma- 
tilda, his first wife, 265, 279, 282 ; Adelize, his 
second wife, 279, 280; and Maud, the empress, 
his daughter by Queen Matilda, 547. 
Henry II., 106, 471, 497; and Maud, his daughter, 

107. 
Henry III., 8, 137, 266, 283, 295, 318, 447, 454, 465, 

471, 480, 481, 497, 531. 
Hentelune, John, 23. 
Herdely, Yerdely, Fabian de, i5i, 162. 
Herdew^ke, Simon de, 213. 
Herdington, see Erdington. 
Herebert. 

Simon, 501. 

Willielhmus, and Deonissia, his wife, 133. 
Herecurth, Robertus de, and Willielmus, his son, 438. 
Hereford. 

Bishop of, 134, 203. 

Dean of, 3S6. 

Earl of, see Bohun. 

Milo, earl of, 153. 

Sheriff of, 171, 173, 175. 

Sibilla, countess of, 153. 

Willielmus, bishop of, 377, 378. 
Heremod, Alan, and son Lambert, 232. 
Heringaud, Johannes de, member of Parliament, 433. 
Herletinghes, Simon de, 430. 
Hermestorp, John de, master of the hospital of St. 

Katherine, 252. 
Hermite, Andrew le, 185. 
Hertford. 

Alan de, 524, Ivo, his son, 523, John, son of Ivo, 
523, 524, 525 ; Thomas, son of John, 525. 

Earls of, see Clare. 

Sheriff of, 139, 457, 460, 464. 
Hertrugge, Ricardus le, 34. 
Herueton, John de, 501. 

Hervei, Johannes, clerk of the diocese of Dol, 269. 
Hervis', Rogerus, and Johannes, his son, 13. 
Hese, Robertus les, 128. 
Hetheing«dena, Guillelmus de, 158. 
Hetheye, Thomas de, 504. 
Heton, Willelmus de, 209, 210. 
Heuere, Heure.'Hever, Gilbertus de, 405. 

William de, and Agnes, his wife, 197. 



Heved, Alexander, 59. 
Heveningham, Philippus de, knight, 397. 
Hextildesham, Walterus de, 299. 
Hide, Hyde. 

John de, knight, 66; John de, and William, his 
son, 65. 

William atte, 169. 

William de, and John, his son, 66. 
Hidon, heirs of Richard de, 98. 
Hinded, Petrus de, 428. 
Hindedal, Ricardus de, 428. 
Hiwis, Gilbert de, 352. 
Ho, Hoo, Robertus de, 42, 54. 
Hodekenas, Willelmus, 133. 

Hodelleston, John de, and Thomas, his son, 525. 
Hodleghe, Solomon de, and his daughter Margaret, 

wife of Robert le Glindle, 123. 
Holdeswithe, Richard de, 375. 
Holebrok, Richard de, knight, 398. 
Holgotcastle, Thomas de, 340. 
Holm, Holme. 

Monks of, 106. 

Ricardus, abbot of St. Benedict of, 2S2. 

Thomas de, 10. 
Holmcoltram, Holcoltram, Hulmcultram. 

Abbot of, 71, 75, 77. 

Monks of, 73, 469. 
Holta, Holte, Hoult, Hoults. 

Robertus de, clerk, 482. 

Walterus de, and Robertus de, his son, 482. 

Willelmus, 19, 429. 
Holtby, Willelmus de, 531. 
Honford, John de, and Geoffrey, his son, 66. 
Horbir', Robert de, 311. 
Hordwych, William de, 346. 
Hore, William le, 502. 
Horn, Johannes, 430. 
Horsesdekene, Henricus, 400. 
Horsmeg'e, Gilbertus le, 259. 
Horssepathe, Nicholas de, 333. 
HorssjTigton, Nicholas de, 369. 
Horton, Hortune. 

Nicholas de, rector of Rayleigh, 127. 

Willelmus de, knight, 482. 
Hosat, Hosatus. 

Atselinus, 351. 

Henricus, and Robertus, his brother, 351. 

William, 350. 
Hosebond, Hosebund. 

Helena le, 16. 

William, 28. 
Hospitario, Hugo, 513. 
Hosprenge, Gerusasius de, and Herueus, his nephew, 

195. See also Ospring. 
Hoth, Johannes del, bailiff of Taverham, 2S6. 
Hothlegh, Salomon de, and Margaret, his daughter, 

wife of Robert de Glyndele, 433. 
Hou, Adam de le, 71. 



INDEX. 



577 



Houchesgard, Willelmus de, 513. 

Houton, Robertus de, and Robertus, his son, 37; 

heirs of Robertus de, 38. 
Hoveringham, Simon de, 307. 
Howelle, John de, 366. 
Hucon, Willelmus de, 107. 
Hude, Geoffrey, 160. 
Huggeford, Nicholas de, 390. 
Huke, Hupe, Johannes, 428, 429. 
Huldemcle. 

Richard, 163. 

Thomas, 164. 
Hull, Hulle. 

Henry de la, 207. 

Hugh de la, 172. 

Johannes de la, bailiff of Condover hundred, 339. 

Richard del, 313. 
Humfrey, Willelmus, 11. 
Hund, Ricardus, 541. 
Hunetorpe, Gervase de, 307. 
Hunt, William, 41S. 
Huntercumbe, William de, 467 ; William de, and 

Isabella, his wife, 302. 
Huntewicke, Henry de, 539. 
Huntingdon. 

David, brother of William, king of Scotland, earl 
of, 125. 

Earl of, see Senlis. 

Sheriff of, 64, 189. 

Thomas, clerk, 182. 
Huntingfeld. 

Johannes de, knight, 397. 

Willelmus de, 60; Willelmus de, knight, 396, 397. 
Huppahille, Huthelina, 100. 
Hume, Johannes in le, 32. 
Hurst. 

Peter de, and Richard, his son, 372. 

Robertus de la, and Agnes, his daughter, 413. 

Thomas de, and Mabel, his wife, 421. 
Huscal, Reinbaldus, and Ricardus, his nephew, 351. 
Huse. 

Henricus, knight, 476. 

Hugo, 475. 
Hynghowe, Rogerus de, and Johannes, his wife, 

300. 
Hyston, Jacobus de, 39. 
Hyxdedale Hardinch, Ricardus de, 429. 



Inge, Inges. 
Hugo de, 121. 

Willelmus, knight, 268 ; Willelmus, king's repre- 
sentative, 449. 
Ingerram, Walter, 532, 533; and Willelmus, his 

uncle, 534. 
Innocent IV., Pope, 75, 76, 536. 



Insula. 

Bartholomeus de, log. 

John de, justice, 300. 

Robert de, 48, 49. 

Willelmus de, justice, 238, 497. 
Ippestan, Willelmus de, 283. 
Ireby, Yreby. 

Orim de, William, his son, John de, nephew of 
William, and John de, son of John de, 77. 

William de, 464. 
Ireys, William le, 424. 
Isabel, Queen, daughter of Philip tlie Fair, king of 

France, and consort of King Edward II., 268. 
Isabel, sister of King Henry III., aid for her mar- 
riage to Frederick, the Roman emperor, 447. 
Isabel, Coimtess, 22. 
Isembarde, Robertus, 109. 
Isperote, Adam, 299. 
Ivichorn", Reginaldus, 357. 



Janitor, Radulphus, 430. 
Jerusalem. 

Fraternity of St. John of, 147. 

Hospital of, 14, 156, 436. 

Prior of the hospital of, 304. 
Jocio, Radulphus de, 107. 
John, king of England, 39, 112, 276, 28S, 375, 497; 

and Isabel, his daughter, 447. 
Jordan, Jurdane. 

Henricus, provost of Great Torrington, 102. 

Nicholas, 205. 

Thomas, 205. 

William, 28, 214. 
Jorvalle, Jorevalle, abbot of, 529, 530. 
Joute, Thomas, and Matilda, his wife, 1S6. 
Jovene, Richard le, 393. 

Juvenis, Juuenis, Johannes, 540, and his sons, Hen- 
ricus, 540, 541, 542, and Johannes, 540, 541. 



K 



Kachelowe, Johannes, 320. 
Kalva, Willelmus de, knight, 482. 
Kanleby, Isabella de, 231. 
Karentehame. 

Henricus de, 108. 

W. de, 108. 
Karevill, Radulphus de, 295. 
Kellesby, Ricardus de, abbot of Selby, 540. 
Kelleseye, Johannes de, rector of Uppnigham, 320. 
Kellet, Ormus or Hormus de, 209, 210. 
Kelseie, Robert de, alderman of London, 244. 
Kendale, William de, 524. 
Keng', Roger le, 65. 



578 



INDEX. 



Kenilwortli, canons and cliiirch of St. Mary of, 436, 

437> 438. 
Keningford, Walter de, Margaret, his wife, and 

Alice, their daughter, wife of John Abel, 340. 
Kent, Kant, Kantia. 

Davet de, 393. 

John de, of I'irmingham, 444. 

Michael de, 393. 

Sheriff of, 194, 203, 455, 467. 

Willelnius de, 215. 
Kenteys, Willelmus de, 168. 
Kere, Robertiis, rector of Little Leighs, 124. 
Keu. 

Robertiis le, 250. 

Roger le, 311. 
Keustock. 

Bernard, 70. 

Robert, 70. 
Keynes, Johannes de, 35. 
Kilkenni, Magister Odo de, 301. 
Kinardeby, Ricardus de, 63. 
Kingeston, Walterus de, 174, 175. 
Kirkby, Kirkeby, John de, king's treasurer, 362, 331- 
Kirkstall. 

Abbey of, 546. 

Monks of, 550. 

Walter, abbot of, 550. 
Knights' Temple, Hiemericns, master of, 25. 
Knoll, Radulph de la, 489. 
Knyst, Thomas le, 499. 
Kokerel, Robert, and Joan, his wife, daughter of 

Lora de Ros, 398. 
Kylby, Nicholas, 264. 
Kylpec, Hugo de, 176. 
Kynunerley, Robert de, 309. 
Kynardesey, Stephen de, 311. 



Lacy, Lecey, Lasceyo. 

Henry de, earl of Lincoln, and Margaret, his wife, 
daughter of Willelmus de Longespee, 328; 
Henry de, 547, 548, 551, Matilda, his mother, 
551, and Robert, his son, 548; Henry de, 52. 
Hugh de, 345. 
Lade, William de la, 31. 
Laese, Alan de la, 200. 
Lamb, Lonib. 
John, and Clemencia, his wife, 195. 
Robert le, and Alice, sometime his wife, afterward 
wife of Kartholomeus Cornesarius, 431. 
Lambum, Mauricius de, and Gilbert de, his son, 121. 
Lamoc, Richard, 509. 
Lancaster, Lancastre. 
Duke of, 545. 

Edmund Crouchback, brother of Edward L, earl 
of, 86, 87, 215, 221. 



Lancaster, Lancastre, continued. 

Harald de, and Adam, and Orm, his sons, 211. 

Prior of, 208, 210, 211. 

Roger de, 211, 212 ; Roger de, king's seneschal, 80. 

Sheriff of, 208. 

Thomas, earl of, 268. 

Willelmus de, 3d, and Agnes de Brus, his wife, 458. 
Landien, Richard, and Margery, widow of, 346. 
Lane, John in the, 394. 
Lanercost, prior of, 461. 
Langdale, Alan, 521. 
Langdyke, Alan, 520. 
Langetaylur, John le, i6g. 
Langetoft, John de, and Alice, his wife, 188. 
Langeton, John de, 466. 
Langewain, Godwin, 23. 
Langford, Langeford, Langhefurd, Langefar'. 

Eustacius de, 129. 

Radulfus de, canon, and dean of St. Paul's, Lon- 
don, 257, 258. 

Rogerus de, in. 

Walterus de, in, 168. 
Langley, nuns of, 221. 
Lanlauerd, John, 71. 
Lanthoney, prior of, 140. 
Lanum, Thomas de, 311. 
Lardiner, Gilbert, 544. 
Lascelles, Lascell. ' 

Alan de, and Isabella, his wife, 526. 

Thomas de, 461. 

William de, 466, 520, 521. 
Latimer, Willelmus de, 44. 
Lattone, Andreas de, 138. 
Laueley, Michael de, 335. 
Laund, abbey of, 215. 
Lawarde, Willelmus de, 3S2. 
Laycestre, see Leicester. 
Leche, Robertus le, 102. 
Lechin, Henricus le, 457. 

Ledbury, William de, prior of Great Malvenie, 30. 
Ledes, Simon de, bailiff, '552. 
Ledet, Cristiana, 62. 

Ledwyc', Rogerus de, and Isabella, his wile, 171. 
Lee, Nicholas de, 210. 
Lega, Leighs, Lees. 

John de, 291. 

Prior of, 126. 

Richard de, and Matilda de Dodeford, his daugh- 
ter, 291. 
Leicester, Leicestria, Laycestre. 

Abbey of St. Mary de I'ratis at, 224, 259. 

Abbot of St. Mary de I'ratis at, 218. 

Earl of, 14. 

Edmund Crouchback (brother of Edward I.), earl 
of, 86, 87, 215, 221. 

Rad' de, 454. 

Ricardus de, log, 214. 

Sheriff of, 294. 



INDEX. 



579 



Lench, Thomas de, 500. 
Lenn, see Lynn. 
Lenton, priory of, 309. 
Leominster, Lemynistre. 

Hereward de, 98. 

Monks of, 496. 
Lesewis, Godefridus, 281. 
Leuingethorp, Humfrey, and Osanna, his daughter, 

535- 
Level, Terry, and Agnes, liis wife, daughter of 

Thomas le Fraunceys, 115. 
Lewes. 

Alanus, nephew of tlie prior of St. Pancras, at, 
427- 

Hugh, prior of St. Pancras, at, 429. 

Monks of St. Pancras at, 426, 427, 429, 430. 

Priory of St. Pancras at, 427, 428. 
Lexinton, Robert de, justice, 238, 248, 439, 440. 
Leye, John de la, 335. 
Leynham, Edmundus de, and Alice de Buildwas, his 

wife, 347. 
Leytthone, Simon de, vicar of Westhamme, 122. 
Liberus, Willielmus, 133. 
Lichelade, Radulpus de, steward of the bishop of 

Bath, archdeacon of Bath, 351, 352. 
Lidiard, Radulfus de, justice, 372. 
Lille, Robertus de, 329. 
Limecot, Johannes, 399. 
Lincoln, Lincolnia. 

Alexander, bishop of, 321, 322. 

Alured de, I., 105; Alured de, II., 105, 106, 107. 
See Nichole. 

Bishop of, 320, 324, 487. 

Earl of, 60, 331. See Lacy, and Leicester. 

Ho.spital of the Holy Innocent, without, 227. 

John, earl of, 454. 

Nicholas, chancellor of, 300. 

Sheriff of, 232, 467. 
Lindesy, Lyndesay. 

Walterus de, 459. 

Willelmus de, 448. 
Linet, Hugo de, 427, 428. 
Littlebury, Litlebiri, Lytlebir', 

Martin de, justice, 103, 114, 182, 391, 480. 
Lium, Alexander de, 534. 
Liuns, see Lyuns. 

Lodges, Hugh de, and Hugh de, his son, 446. 
Lodinton, Willelmus de, collector of aid, 447. 
Lofthous, Wydo de, knight, 538. 
Lohering, Willelmus de, 8. 
Lomb, see Lamb. 
Lomley, Ralph de, knight, iig. 
London, Londonia. 

Adrian de, and John, his son, 408. 

Baldwin de, and Johannes, his son, 227. 

Johannes de, 438. 

Richard de, 155, 390. 

Rogerus de, seneschal, 327. 



London, city of, 240. 

Aldermen of, Ankerinus de Aveme, 246; John le 
Feure, 246; Nicholas Farringdon, 246; Ralph le 
Feure, 246 ; Robert de Kelsie, 244 ; Thomas de 
Ardene, 246; William Farringdon, 246. 

Bishops of, Fulco Basset, 457, 458; Mauricius, 
xii; Richard Belmeis, 255. 

Churches of, St. Bennet, Grasschurch, 245 ; St. 
Faith's, 250; St. Margaret Pattens, 244; St. 
Matthew's Friday Street, 251 ; St. Michael Pater- 
noster Royal, 261 ; St. Paul's Cathedral, 255 ; 
archdeacons of, Cyprianus, Hugo, and Ricardus, 
258; — canons of, Gaufridus filius Wlfredi, and 
Robertus, his brother, 257, 258; Hubertus, 257, 
258; Hugo filius Alberti, 257, 258; Hugo filius 
Generanni, 257, 258, and Robertus, his brother, 
257; Johannes le Franceis, 248; Nicolaus, 
257, 258; Odo, 257; Radufus de Langeford, 257, 
258; Rannulfus, 257, 258; Richard de Staunford, 
251 ; Robertus de Auco, 258; Robertus de Caem, 
257; Teodoricus, 256, 257; Teodoricus juvenis, 
258; Walterus filius Episcopi, 258; Willelmus 
de Calnia, 258; Willelmus de Haverhill or Ha- 
verhull, 266, 454, 456, 458, 461, 462; — chaplain, 
Peter de Abedum, 251; — deans of, Henricus, 248 ; 
Radulfus de Langford, 258 ; William, 255, 256, 
257, 258; — treasurer of, Alexander Swereford, 
456, 457, 458; — St. Sepulchre, 258. 

Coroner of, John Charneye, 253. 

Hospital of St. Katherine, 252. 

Mayors of, John Norhamptone, 253 ; John de Poul- 
teney, 122; Nicholas Farringdon, 246; Radulfus 
Eswy, 456; Reinerus de Bungei, 454; Stephen 
de Abyndon, 244. 

Serjeant in, John Annore, 244. 

Sheriffs of, Adam de Basing, 456; Hamo Godchep, 
244; Hugo Blund, 456; Johannes de Gilor', 
454 : Ralph le Feure, 246 ; William de Bodele, 
244. 

Wards of, Aldgate, 243; Billingsgate, 244; Bride 
Ward Within, 245 ; Farringdon, 245 ; Vintry, 
261. 
Long, Longus. 

Reginaldus le, 430. 

Willielmus, 132. 
Longespee, Longespe, Lungespe. 

Ela, countess of Warwick, 328. 

Ricardus, knight, 327. 

Stephanus, 327. 

William, 327; Willelmus de, and Margaret, his 
daughter, wife of Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln, 
328. 
Lord. 

John le, 190; John le, William le, his son, and 
John le, son of William le, 188. 

Rogerus le, 183. 
Lorimer, Thomas, 552. 
Losewit, Lossewit, Roger le, 441. 



58o 



INDEX. 



Loveday. 

Robertus de, 324. 

Rogerus, 48. 
Lovel, Lovell. 

Philippus de, clerk of tlie Exchequer, king's treas- 
urer, 462. 

Radulplius, 60. 
Lovet, Hugh, 500. 

Lovetoft, Rogerus, and Thomas, his heir, igo. 
Lowther, Louthir. 

Gervase de, archdeacon of Carlisle, 74, 451. 

Thomas de, 451. 
Lowys, Galfridus, g. 
Lucas, Robert, clerk, 130. 
Lucina, J., cardinal of St. Laurence's in, 546. 
Lucy, Luci. 

Geoffrey de, 407. 

Godefridus de, justice, 377. 

Robert de, 144. 

William de, sheriff of Warwick, 438, 439, 440. 
Ludgate, Simon de, 27. 
Ludinton, Willelmus de, 447. 
Lumbardus, Picotus, 25S. 
Lunde, Lund'. 

John de, 155. 

Willelmus de, and Roesia, his wife, 405. 
Lungespe, see Longespee. 
Iauis, Johannes, 201. 
Lupus, see also Wolf. 

Hugh, of Avrances, earl of Chester, 538. 

Nicholas, knight, 213. 
Lustehull, Robertus de, knight, 475. 
Luveles, Johannes, and Agnes, his wife, 464. 
Luvetot, Ricardus de, 217. 
Lychpole, Andreas de, knight, 420. 
Lydle, Johannes de, 201. 
Lynch, Walter atte, 422. 
Lyndesay, see Lindsy. 
Lynn, Lenn, Lym. 

Bailiffs of, 97, 280. 

Mayor of, 97, 280. 
Lyuns, Liuns. 

Thomas de, and Matilda, his wife, 144. 

Willelmus de, knight, 159. 



M 

Mabeli, Robertus, loi. 
Macclesfeld, Johannes de, justice, 143. 
Magaunt, Alexander, 6i. 
Magister, Albericus, 12S. 
Magister, Henricus, 258. 
Magister, Osmundus, 158. 
Magneby, Willelmus de, 513. 
Maiden Bradley, see Bradley. 
Maidewelle, Alan de, 509. 



Maisnil, see Meynel. 

Makefare, Robert, 274. 

Malclerk, Walter, bishop of Carlisle, 71, 72, 73, 74, 

467. 
l\Ialdone, Johannes de, g. 
RLilens, Nicholaus, knight, 327. 
Malet, Robert, commissioner, 333. 
!\Ialeweyn, John, escheator, 502. 
Malfed, Malfeth, William, 427, 428, 429. 
Malmesbury. 

Abbot of, 487, 489. 

John, abbot of, 488. 
Malo Lacu, Petrus de, 553. 
Malo passu, David de, 67. 

Malverne, prior of, 502. See also Great Malvenie. 
Man, Nicholas le, 161, 162. 
^Lindville, Mannevile, Maundewill. 

Earl of, 57 . 

Goisfridus de, 411. 

Willelmus, earl of, 178. 
Manestun', Joudewin de, 402, 403, and Willelmus 

de, his son, 402. 
Mankesey, Robert de, igS. 
Manningham, Robert de, vicar of Findon, 422. 
Mansel, Humfrey, 353. 
Mansepe, Willelmus, 512. 
Manubriator, Robert, 430. 
Maperton, Johannes de, 183. 
Mar, Hugo, 543. 
Mare, Mara, Mere. 

Henricus de la, knight, 327, 409; Henricus de, 
justice, 464. 

Johannes de la, 397. 
Marevile, Peter de, 409. 
Margeria, sister of the earl, 174. 
Marham, Nicholaus de, 50. 
Marinis, Marins. 

Alberic de, 206. 

John de, 243. 
Marisco. 

Christiana de, 20. 

Henricus de, 195. 
Markeby. 

Henry, 254. 

John, goldsmitli, and Johanna Frenssh, his wife, 
252. 

Prior of, 230. 
Marleberg, Marleberge. 

Constable of, 493, 494. 

Prior of St. Margaret without, 493. 
Marmion, Marmyon, Marmium. 

Johannes, 325. 

Philippus, 325. 

Robertus, justice, 377. 
Marshal, Marsshall, Marescal, Mareschal, Mares- 
callus. 

Adam, 382, 435, 540. 

Agnes le, 498. 



INDEX. 



581 



Marshal, etc., coiithnied. 
Earl, 50, 96. 
G., 49S. 
Geoffrey le, 97. 
John, vicar of Stokeburi, 260. 
Peter, 125. 
Robertus le, 146. 
Rogerus le, 543. 

Thomas, and Auicia, widow of, 361. 
Willelmus, earl of Pembroc, 2S8. 
Martell, Martal, Willelmus, 34, 43S. 
Marton, William de, 544. 
Wartyn, Willelmus, knight, 26S; William, webster, 

214. 
Mason, Johannes le, 431. 
Mathingeleia, Ruelendus de, and Jacobus and Ri- 

cardus, his sons, 158. 
Mauchael, Mauschael, Johannes, 449, 450. 
Maudut. 
Alexander, 61. 
Johannes, 319. 
Mauvaslet, Adam, and Richard, his son, 3S6. 
Maiivesin, Mauveseyin, Mauvsyn. 

Henry, 336; Henricus, knight, member of Parlia- 
ment, 381. 
Robertus, 3S7, 388, Matilda, his mother, and 
Alicia, his brother's wife, 388. 
Maydenstane, Robert de, rector of Michelmersh, 150. 
Mazun, Walterus le, of Hereford, 175. 
Mebunie, Adam de, and Willelmus, his son, 451. 
Medhell, John de, 12. 
Medicus, Johannes, 341. 

Meinewaring, Mesnilwaring, Rogerus de, 30, 67. 
Meisy, Robertus de, constable of Marlborough, 494. 
Meleham, Alanus, lord of, Willelmus, his son, and 
Petronella, daughter of Willelmus de, wife of 
Waltenis de Dunstanevile, senior, 55. 
Melkeshani, Willelmus de, 27. 
Melleford, Stephen de, coroner, 477. 
Melnho, Robertus, g. 
Melsa. 
Monastery of, 514. 
Rogerus, abbot of, 521. 
Melsamby. 

Roger de, and Simon, his son, 530. 
Theobald, parson of, 530. 
Melton. 
Simon de, 274. 

Willelmus de, comptroller of the king's wardrobe, 
268, 269. 
Meone, Sandulfus de, 142. 
Mercator. 

Bartholomeus, 39. 
Thomas, 56. 
Mercer. 

Eustace le, 311; Eustace the, and Augustine, his 

son, 251. 
Peter le, 151. 



Mere, see Mare. 
Mark. 

Johannes de, 58. 

Willelmus de, 191. 
Merske, Robertus de, and Roger de, his son, 530. 
Merstham, John de, prior of Tandridge, 4 10. 
Merton, scholars of, 39. 
Messor, Willelmus, 174. 
Metelthone, Nicholas de, 466. 
Mey, Johannes le, 156. 
Meynill, Meignell, Maisnil, Maisnellio. 

Henricus de, 15S. 

Robertus de, bailiff of the abbey of Gerendon, 223 ; 
Robert de, and Stephen, his son, 522. 

Thomas de, knight, member of Parliament, 220. 
^^eyre, Alan de, 526. 
Michel, Hugo, 32. 

INIiddelton, Gilbertus de, king's clerk, 270, 271, 272. 
Milde, Willelmus, 48. 
Milent, Robert, and Hugh and Ricliard, his sons, 

312- 

I\Iiles, Willelmus, and Margeria, his wife, 301. 
Miller, see also Molendinarius. 

Augustine the, 482. 

Osbert de, 23. 

Reginald, 204. 

Ricardus the, 38 1. 
Miners, Henricus de, 136. 
Mitton, Radulph de, 311. 
Mobert, Walterus, and Aelizia, his daughter, mother 

of Ricardus le Franceys, 106. 
Mohun, Robert de, knight, 476. 
Molendinarius, see also Miller. 

Gaufridus, 322. 

Henricus, 315, 316. 

Johannes, 150. 

Stephanus, 150. 

Thomas, 63. 

Walterus, 301. 
Molendino. 

Hugh de, 50S. 

Terricus de, log. 
Molesworth, Walterus de, 27. 
Molinton, John de, and Juge, his mother, 310. 
Molton, Moleton, Multon, Muleton. 

Adam de, 401. 

Alanus de, 461 ; Alan de, and Alicia, his wife, 71. 

Hugh de, knight, 449, 450. 

Johamies de, 13. 

Thomas de, 72, 74, 80, 461 ; Thomas de, and Ma- 
tilda de Vallibus, his wife, 526. 
Monasteries, see names of. 

Monasterio, Robert de, and Emma, his wife, 251. 
Monck, Monachus. 

Robertus, 109. 

lioger le, and Juliana, his wife, 335. 
Moneyer, Monetarius. 

Brythricus, 322. 



582 



INDEX. 



Moneyer, Monetarius, continued. 
Codwinus, 322. 

Heno'. and William, his son, 341. 
Willelmus, 479, Ricardus, his son, 479, Willclmus 
de Wilton, son of Willelmus, 478, 479, Christina 
and Matilda, daughters of Willelmus, ist, 479. 
Monfichet, Munfichet. 
Alexander de, 15S. 
Ricardus de, 36. 
Monte, Lucas de, 134. 
Monte Acute, Johannes de, 69. 
Monte Alto, Johannes de, 68. 
Monte Martini, Jordan de, 20'), 
Montford, Robertus de, xii. 
Monz, William de, and Agnes, his wife, daughter of 

Emma la Fraunchysse, 360. 
More, Mora. 

Hereword de, 202. 
James de, 520. 
Thomas de, 425. 
Walterus de, 128. 
Moret', Rainaldus de, 429. 
Morisceby, Moristeby. 
Nicholas de, 71. 
Th. de, parson of Ulvedale, 77. 
Moritonio, Radulphus de, 107. 
Morlaund, Michael vicar of, 451. 
Morle, Morlee. 
Adam de, 50. 
Milo de, 488. 
Morleb., Willelmus de, 382. 
M. Orthyngs, Thomas de, prior of Conniggesheved, 

212. 
Morton, Moreton, Mortain. 
Earls of, 426. 
Gilbert de, 3S9. 
John, earl of, 85, 494. 

Robert, earl of, 216, and Harduinus, his brother, 
217. 
Mortymer, Mortuomari. 

John, 263, and Juliana, his wife, 264. 
William, Willelmus de, 57, 63, 64, 390. 
Morvill, Moi-ville. 
Hugo de, 78. 

Rogerus de, Hugo de, his son, and Matilda de, 
his daughter, wife of Willelmus de Veteriponte, 
452. 
Morwode, Thomas de, 36. 
Moryn', William, 435. 
Mosegrave, see Musegrave. 
Mottisfont, prior of, 16S. 
Moubray, Mubray, Mulbray. 
John de, 419. 
Roger de, 512, 513, 546. 
William de, and Thomas de, his son, 525. 
Moy, Richard de, 501. 
Moyne, Galfridus de, 193. 
Muel, Johannes de, knight, 327. 



Muirteus, Walrafuns de, 41. 

Mulewitz, Robert de, and Robert and Thomas, his 

sons, 390. 
Mulledon, Robert de, 505. 
Multon, see Molton. 
Mundavilla, Nigellus de, 437, 438. 
Mune, Menes, Rogerus de, 142, 143, and Ranulf\is 

Eynolk, his brother, 142. 
Munfichet, see Monfichet. 

Munfirun, Hauls de, and Ricardus, his brother, 120. 
Mungey, Serlo de, 222. 
Muriel, filia Willielmi, 25. 
Musard, Radulfus, 133. 
Musca, Ralph, 125. 

Muscamp, Robert de, and Cecilia, his eldest daugh- 
ter, 302. 
Muschet, Willelmus, inquisitor, 183. 
Musegrave, Mosegrave. 

Adam de, 450. 

Nicholas de, 449, 450. 

Richard de, 449. 
Mussegros, Ricardus, 56. 

Mustarder, Ricardus le, bailiff of Northampton, 290. 
Mutford, John de, justice, 9. 
M>nity, Willelmus de, and Juliana, his wife, 138. 
Myvelde, Adam de, and Matilda, his daughter, 430. 



N 



Nas, Thomas or Walter, 144. 

Nebaton, Radulphus de, 325. 

Neel, Robertus, 496. 

Neere, Walterus le, of Okebuni, 476. 

Nerbona, Stephen de, 443. 

Neusuni, William de, 528, Isolda, his wife, 528, 529 ; 

and Alicia, his mother, 52S. 
Neuton, Thomas de, knight, 470. 
Nevill, Neivil, Neyvile, Neyvyle. 

Gilbertus de, 475, 476. 

Hugo de, 288, 493. 

John de, sheriff of Lincoln, 232. 

Jollanus de, justice, 456. 
Newby. 

Robertus de, 451. 

Stephanus de, 451. 
Newcastle, mayor of, 298. 
Newdegate, Willelmus de, 414. 
Newelond, Walterus de la, 496. 
Newenliam, prior of, 11. 

Newerk, Thomas de, justice of the Jews, 456. 
Newtymbre, Johannes de, and Isabella, his wife, 415. 
Neyrford, Hugh de, Adam de, liis son, and Alicia, 

wife of Adam, 530. 
Nichole, Nich'. 

A. de, 106. 

Alured de, 105, 106. 

Andreas de, 106. See Lincoln. 



INDEX. 



583 



Nicuma, Godwinus, 322. 
Niger, Johannes, 534. 
Ninica, Paganus, 211. 
Noel, Robertus, 378. 
Norfolk, Norfolcia, Northfolc. 

Gundreda, conntess of, 395. 

Sheriff of, 281, 283, 285, 465. 

Thomas de, 131. 

Willelmus de, 438. 
Norman, Roger, 307. 
Normanvill, Normanvile. 

Radulplius de, and Thomas, his brother, 388. 

Thomas de, 206; Thomas de, king's seneschal, 80. 
North, Robert, 333. 
Nortliampton, Norhamptone. 

Arclideacon of, 300. 

Bailiff of, 2go. 

Jolin, mayor of London, 253. 

Sheriff of, 293, 459. 
Northone, James de, knight, 167. 
Northumberland. 

Earl of, 303. 

Waltheof, earl of, and Matilda, his daughter, wife 
of Simon de Senlis, 216. 
Norton. 

Henricus de, steward, 223. 

Prior of, 329. 

William de, and Adam (or Ada), son (or daughter) 

of, 334- 
Norwich, Norwic, Norwiz. 

Bishop of, 271. 

Eborardus, bishop of, 279. 
. Herbert, bishop of, 282. 

John Salmon, bishop of, 270. 

Prior of, 395. 

Radulfus de, justice, 238, 497. 
Nostell, priory of, 539. 
Notekin, Peter, 161, 162. 
Notleye, Nuttle, Peter de, mayor of Winchester, 150, 

151. 
Nottingham. 

Abbot of, 301. 

Henricus de, inquisitor, 218. 

Hospital of St. John of, 306. 
Novo-mercato, Bernard de, and Countess Sibilla, his 
daughter, widow of Milo, earl of Hereford, wife 
of Adam de Port, 153. 
Novo Monasterio, abbot of, 301. 
Nurice, Eva la, 150. 
Nuttle, see Notleye. 



Odardi, William, 309. 
Odde, Johannes, 145. 
Okhangre, Geoffrey de, 
Olive, Johannes, 134. 



Oliver, Jordanus, justice, 372. 
Olleyo, Ouilly, see also Doyly. 

Fulco de, 323. 

Robert de, Edida or Editha, daughter of Forn, his 
wife, and Henry and Robert, their sons, 321. 
Orewelle, Eborardus de, 61, 62. 
Orfevre, Nicholas le, 151. See also Aurifaber. 
Orreby, Orrebi. 

Herbertus de, 67. 

Philip de, justiciary of Chester, 30, dfi, 67, 385. 
Oseborne, Elen, 146. 
Osgodby, Osgodeby, Adam de, clerk, keeper of the 

rolls of the chancery, 267, 269, 270. 
Osmundeston, Robertus de, alias le Franceys, 84. 
Osney, Oseney. 

Abbey of St. Mary of, 321, 329. 

Abbot of, 321, 328. 

Daniel, abbot of, 330. 
Ospring, hospital of, 205, 206. See also I^ospring. 
Ostia, bishop of, 386. 
Oudebi, Robertus, 134. 
Ouersfeld'. 

Robert, 284. 

Simon, 284. 
Overhe, Robertus, 50. 
Overton, Johannes de, 215. 
OxclyA'e. 

Gervasius de, 210. 

Johannes le, 209, 210. 
Oxford, Oxon. 

Convent of St. Frideswide at, 315, 316. 

Earl of, see Vere. 

Monastery of St. Peter at, 317. 

Rogerus de, provost of Worcester, 496. 

Simon, prior of St. Frideswide at, 316. 

W., bishop of, 74. 



Page, Matheus, 430. 
Painel, Paganel. 

Gervase, 387. 

Fulk, 352. 
Pakenham, Petrus de, and Cristina, his wife, 13. 
Palayn, G., 357. 
Palgrave, Edmundus, 9. 
Palmer, Palmerus, Palmarius, Paumer. 

Gaufridus le, 137. 

Henricus, 63. 

Hugo, 379. 

Ricardus le, 488. 

Peter the, of Eccheslenz, son of Bond', the son of 
Alexander, 442. 
Palton, Thomas de, 353. 
Palyngfaud, John de, 418. 

Pamfader, Galfridus, and Agnes, his wife, 473. 
Parco, Waterus de, 13. See Park. 



584 



INDEX. 



Parco Stanley, see Stanley. 
Paris. 
Matthew, 173, 462. 
Richard, 418. 
William, 418. 
Park, John of the, 418. See Parco. 
Parlebyen, Hamo, justice, gS. 
Paries. 
Alicia de, 444, 445. 
Johannes de, 2og. 

Paganus de, and Alicia, his mother, 383. 
William de, 382, 383, 436, 444, 445. 
Parrok, Willelmus de, 199. 
Parva Essebia, Thomas de, 224. 
Paskayl, Ranulf, 309. 
Passelewe, Robert, iii, 167, 294, 341, 446. 
Passeys, John, 309. 
Patt., Robertas, 67. 
Paumer, see Palmer. 
Pauncefot, John, 390. 
Paunton, Pauntone. 
Baldwinus de, 215. 
Ysabella de, 60. 
Paupere. 
Genteschive, 327. 
Walhamot, 327. 
Pays. 

Radulphus, 2S3. 
Robertus, chaplain, 2S3. 
Peche, Pecche. 
G. de, 63. 
Gilbertus de, 61. 
Ricardus, collector of aid, 447. 
Peckham, Johannes, archbishop of Canterbury, 200. 
Pedewell, Richard, 14S. 
Peferel, Thomas, 41. 
Peisforiere. 
Fulco, 195. 
Ricardus, 195. 
Peivre, Nicholas, knight, 213. 
Pekoe, Peter, mayor of Wallingford, 23. 
Pekynghulle, Roger de, and Nicholas and Roger, his 

sous, 487. 
Penbere, Adam de, 1C4. 
Pencrich, Edmund, rector of St. Edmund's, in Lum- 

bardstrete, London, 252. 
Pencester, Penescestre. 
Stephen de, constable of Dover, 199, 200. 
Stephen, knight, 123. 
Penhal, Drew de, 70. 
Peninton, Geoffrey, lord of, 335. 
Pentiz, Nicholas de la, 108. 
Pentrich, Margerj' de, 83. 
Percy, Perci. 

Henry de, and Eleanor, late wife of, 537. 
Petrus de, 80. 

Willelmus, 42S; William de, and Alan, Richard, 
Walter, and William, his sons, 538. 



Peremort, John de, 504. 
Pereres, Rogerus de, 61. 
Perot, Radulphus, 14. 

Perpunt, Henry de, and Annora, his wife, 312, 313. 
Pertrich, Johannes, and Clemencia, his wife, 361. 
Perundene, or Perundon, Nicholas de, 263. 
Peshale, Richard de, 419. 
Peterborough, abbot of, 295. 
Petewood, Roger le, 418. 
Pettewyk, Rogerus, 19. 

Petton, Richard de, coroner of Shropshire, 346. 
Peverel. 
Robertus, 203, 258. 
Thomas, 424. 
Walterus, 160. 
Peytevin, Peytwyn, Willelmus, 357, 358. 
Philip (II.) August, king of France, 532. 
Philip (IV.) the Fair, king of France, 23. 
Philippa, consort of King Edward III., 252, 474. 
Phitun, Phitum. 
Johannes, 67. 
Ricardus, 30, 67. 
Picard, Picardus, Pichard, Rogenis, 176; Rogerus, 

and Johannes, his son, 170. 
Picot. 

Baldwin, knight, 96. 
Bardulfus, 106. 
Hugo, 9. 
Pictavia, Philippus de, bishop of Durham, 117. 
Pig, Richard, 366. 
Pigace, Ricardus, 395. 
Pik", Richard, 364, 365. 
Pikering, Pykerynge. 

Robertus de, king's clerk, 270, 271, 272. 
Willelmus de, and Juliana, his wife, daughter of 
Johannes de Fumo, 315. 
Pinkeny, Willelmus de, 455. 
Pipard, Hugo, 3S4. 
Pipe, John del, Agnes, his wife, and John, his sou, 

.■?94- 
Pipin, Willelmus, 541. 
Piriton, Robert de, 364. 
Piscator, Radulfus, 317. 
Pistor, see also Baker. 
Radulphus, 322. 
Robertus, 437. 

Walterus, and Emaldus, Radulphus, Robertus, and 
Willelmus, his heirs, 351. 
Pistrino, Adam de, 174. 

PItebrigg, Hugo de, and Matilda, his wife, 25. 
Placetor, Radulfus, 317. 
Plecitis, Plecet', Plecy. 
Augustine de, and Sarah, his wife, 353. 
Robert de, no, and Ela, his wife, in. 
Pleystowe, Johannes ate, 34. 
Plomere, Agnes, 148. 

Plupton, Nigel de, and John and Peter, his sons, 544. 
Poer, Reginaldus, 513. 



INDEX. 



585 



Poghele, John de, 28. 
Poher. 

Nicholas, and Joan, his motlier, 355. 
William, 355. 
Pokere, Alan le, 335. 

Polhamtone, Richard de, and Margaret, his wife, iS. 
Polseworth, nuns of, 444. 
Polsted, Michael de, 396. 
Pomeray, Henricus de la, 6g. 
Poueray, Adam, clerk, 267. 
Pont, see also Brigge. 

Radulph del, and Hermer, his son, 402. 
Pontefract, Pountefreyt. 
Adam, and Eve, liis wife, 146. 
Monks of, 54S, 551. 
Priory of, 547, 548. 
William, 146. 
Pontiose, John of, bishop of Winchester, 160. 
Popelow, Willelmus, and Agnes, his wife, formerly 

wife of Johannes Forestarius, 542. 
Popham, John de, knight, 156, 167. 
Port, Porth. 

Hugh, Hugo, ist, 152; Adam de, his son, a monk, 
152; Henry de, son of Hugh, ist, xii, 152, 153, 
'57) 158; Hadewisia or Hadvis, wife of Henry, 
152, 158; John and William, sons of Henry, 152; 
Matilda, wife of John de, 152; Adam and Hugh, 
sons of John, 152; Adam de, son of John, 152, 
i53> i54> i59> 17°) Countess Sibilla, first wife of 
Adam, widow of Milo, earl of Hereford, and 
daughter of Bernard de Novo-mercato, 153 ; 
Mabilia de Aurevalle, second wife of Adam, 154; 
sister of William de Braose, third wife of Adam, 
154; William de St. Jolm, son of Adam, and 
Mabilia, second wife of William, 154. See St. 
John. 
Henry de, 152. 
Reginald de, 152. 
Robert de, 152. 
Port', Johannes le, 430. 
Portam, Serlo ad, 512. 
Porter, Portarius. 
Rannulfus, 428. 

Walter le, and Peter, his son, 432. 
Portesdon, prior of, 168. 
Porteseia. 

Baldwinus de, and Adelide, his wife, 158. 
Johannes de, 158. 
Radulfus, presbyter of, 158. 
Potefford, Robert de, Serjeant of Stocton, 275. 
Poulteney, John de, mayor of London, 122. 
Poveray, Poverey. 
John, and Dionisia, his wife, 300. 
William, 300. 
Pratis, William de, 521. 
Prepositus, Robertus, 399. 
Presbiter, Presbiterus. 
Albanus, 534. 



Presbiter, Presbiterus, contimied. 

Henricus, 427. 
Prest, Hugh de, bailiff of the abbot of Ramsey, igo. 
Preston. 

Gilbertus de, justice, 249. 

Richard de, knight, 449, 450 ; Ricardus de, 468. 
Prestwyk, Willelmus le, 34. 
Prior, Raherus, 323. 
Produme, Produmme, Prudhume. 

Johannes, 430. 

Walter, 186. 
Proude, Hugo le, 145. 
Prous, Willelmus le, knight, 476. 
Prustecote, Henricus de, loi, 102. 
Pruz, Hugh le, justice, 98. 
Puff, Robert, 327. 
Puher, Ricardus, 399. 
Puintel, Alexander, 273. 
Punsland, William de, 297. 
Putte, Hugh de la, 161, 162. 
Pychecote, William de, 30. 
Pygeys, Imbert, 200. 
Pykerynge, see Pikering. 
Pyn, Thomas de. Justice, 98. 
Pynham, see Calceto. 
Pynkehurst, William de, 414, 415. 
Pynz, Willelmus de, 430. 



Q 



Quale, see Whale. 

Quan'e, abbey of, 112. 

Quebbe, William de la, 502. 

Querton, Gilbertus de, 449. 

Quincey, Rogerus de, earl of Winchester, 223. 



R 



Ra, John, 526. 

Radelee, William de, 22 

Radenor, Petrus, archdeacon of Salop, 386, 467. 

Radewelle, Robertus de, 14. 

Radinton, Robertus, sub-escheator, 367. 

Rainkill, Willelmus, 513, 514. 

Ralegh, Willelmus de, justice, 238. 

Ramsey. 

Abbot of, 42, 43, 47, 184, 187, 188. 

John, abbot of, 189. 

William, abbot of, 185, 186. 
Ranill, Robertus de, 158. 

Rasebeck, Petrus de, and Matilda, his wife, 472. 
Rauglon, William, 214. 
Raynvile, Adam, 546. 
Reading, Redyng. 

Adam, abbot of, 497. 

Monks of, 496. 



586 



INDEX. 



Reading, RedyiiR, co!iii?iucd. 

Ralph de, 260. 

Simon, abbot of, justice, 136, 137, 142. 
Reine, Thomas, 333. 
Reman, Matthew, 303. 
Rendliam, Adam de, knight, 397. 
Renegill, Roland de, 461. 
Revegille, Roulandus de, 451. 
Rdviers, Redvers, Rivcre, Ripariis. 

Baldwin de, IV., earl of Devon, 549; Baldwinus 
de, knight, 456. 

Walter de la, 513. 

William de, earl of Devon, 112. 
Rewelton, John de, 336. 
Reydon, Johannes de, 396. 
Reygate, Johannes de, justice, 177, igq. 
Reyner, Henricus, 134. 
Reynny, Reyni, Reygni. 

Akina, 354. 

Johannes de, justice, 372. 
Reynolds, Walter, bishop of Worcester, 269, 270. 
Reysebeck, Peter de, 469. 
Ribbeton, Thomas de, 470. 
Richard I., 277, 474, 475. 
Ricliemond, Richard de, 419. 
Ripun, Rypum. 

Rogerus, canon of, 534. 

Simon de, 297, 298. 
Robald, Radulphus, 224. 
Robertsbridge, abljot of, 203. 
Roche Abbey, monks of, 85. 
Rocheford, Thomas de, 136. 
Rochester, Roffa. 

H(enry Sanford), bishop of, 74. 

Salomon de, justice, 485. 
Rodeston, John, escheator, 365. 
Rodewell, Alanus de, 215. 
Roger, Henry, and Juliana, his wife, 290. 
Rokella, Johannes de la, 178. 
Rokenham, Thomas de, 414. 
Rolande, Hubert de, 202. 
Rolf, Richard, 505. 

Romayn, Romeyn, Reginaldus le, 229. 
Ronborwe, Johannes de, 145. 
Ros. 

Lora de, and Joan, her daughter, wife of Robert 
Kokerel, 39S. 

Margareta de, 227. 

Margeria de, 240. 

Peter de, 466. 
Rosels, Rogerus de, knight, 53S. 
Rossale, Richard de, 394. 
Rossegill, Rossegile, John de, 449. 
Rowden, Adam de, and Michael, his son, 550. 
Rower, Nicholas le, 435. 
Royng', Walterus de, 456. 
Ruchballock, Rogerus, 274. 
Rufford, abbey of, 89. 



Rufus, Ruffus, Ruphus. 

Adam, 12. 

Ranulfus, 43S. 

Reginaldus, 438. 

Robertus, 131, 132. 

Walterus, 211. 

Willelmus, 429. 
Rugge, Adam atte, and Alicia, his daughter, 414. 
Rumely, Roleland" de, and Willelmus, his son, 283. 
Rundel, Ricardus, 382. 
Rus. 

Ricardus le, 477. 

Robert le, 186, 187, 273. 

Roger le, knight, 213. 
Rusel, Russell, see also Rosels. 

Rartholomew, chaplain, 298. 

Daniel, 353, 

Richard, 353. 

Stephen, and Joanna, his wife, 371. 

W., 37.. 

Willelmus, 13S. 
Rychild', Radulphus, and Idonia, his wife, 465. 
Rymer, Ralph, 41S. 



Sabaudia, Peter de, 526. 
Sacerdos, Kenelmus, 315, 316. 
Sacy, Petrus de, knight, 165. 
Saer, Roger, 346. 
St. Albans, St. Albano. 

Abbot of, 463. 

Piailiffs of, 464. 

Johannes, abbot of, 300. 

Laurentius de, rector of Attleburg, 454. 

Reinaldus de, 382. 
St. Alcmund, Peter, chajilain of, 334. 
St. Andrew's, see Stoke. 
St. Augustine, see Canterburj'. 
St. Rartholomew, hospital of, 205. 
St. Benedict, abbot of, see Holm. 
St. Denis, prior of, see Dureford. 
St. Edbury, monks of, see Burcestcr. 
St. Edmund's, St. Edmundo. 

Abbot of, 402. 

Almaricus de, 14. 

Lucas de, 37. 

Robert, abbot of, 282. 

Sampson, abbot of, 276. 

Walterus de, and Thomas, his son, 37. 

Willelmus de, justice, 238, 456; William de, clerk, 
251 ; William de, and Emma, his sister, wife of 
Robert ate Chireche, 251. 
St. Frideswide, see Oxford. 
St. George, Baldwinus de, 56. 
St. Godewello, Robertus de, 497. 
St. James priory, see Bristol. 



INDEX. 



587 



St. John, St. Johanne. 

Galfridus de, 159. 

Hospital of, 57. See also Rasingstoke, Cambridge, 
Jerusalem, and Nottingham. 

John, Johannes, 161, 332. 

Priory of, see Clare. 

Robert de, William, his brother, and Muriel, his 
sister, 154. 

William de, son of Adam de Port and Mabilia de 
Aureavalle, 154, 15S, 159, and Adam and Robert, 
his sons, 159; William de, 155. 
St. Katherine, hospital of, see London. 
St. Laudo, Robertus de, 352. 
St. Laurentio, Simon de, and Willelmus, his brother, 

109. 
St. Margaret, see Marleberg. 
St. Martino, Walterus de, minister of Christ's cross, 

454- 
St. Martin's, S(5ez, abbot of, 417. 
St. Mary of Kenilsworth, see Kenilsworth. 
St. Mary of Osney, see Osney. 
St. Mary de Pratis, see Leicester. 
St. Neots, prior of, 192. 
St. Omero. 

Ricardus de, 258. 

Willelmus de, justice, 289. 
St. Pancras, St. Pancracio. 

Priory of, see Lewes. 

Willelmus de, 428. 
St. Paul's, see London. 
St. Peter. 

Hospital of, see York. 

Monastery of, see Oxford. 
St. Swithun, priory of, see Winchester. 
St. Thomas, hospital of, see Craye, Southwark, and 

Stafford. 
St. Victor. 

Bernard, abbot of, 4S7. 

Ralph, abbot of, 4S7. 
St. Vigor,«Vigore. 

Abbey of, see Cericy. 

Thomas de, 362. 
St. Wandregesilus, abbot of, 2S9. 
Salcey, Robert, 306. 

Salcock, Willelmus de, sheriff of Cumberland, 461. 
Salde, John de la, 166. 
Sale. 

Walterus de la, 64. 

Willelmus de la, 320. 
Salisbury, see also Sarum. 

Bishop of, 493. 

Rogerus, bishop of, 265. 
Salmon, John, bishop of Norwich, 270. 
Salop, Salopesburi. 

Archbishop of, 301. 

Archdeacon of, 386, 467. 
Salt'e, Johannes le, 9. 
Saluz, Ranulphus, 273. 



Saman, Edmundus, 11. 

Samere, Ricardus de, 512. 

Sampsonn, Willelmus, g. 

Samuel, Galfridus, Gaufridus, 357, 358, 359. 

Sandelford, priory of, 166. 

Sandruge, Willelmus de, 464. 

Sandwelle, John de, mayor of Wycombe, 33. 

Sandwyco, Radulphus de, inquisitor, 177. 

Sanesfeld, Galfridus de, 171. 

Sanford, Saunford. 

Henry de, bishop of Rochester, 74. 

Radulphus de, 337. 

Thomas de, 160. 
Sartore, Ysaak, 428. 
Sanmi, see also Salisbury. 

Dean and chapter of, 489. 

Earl of, 478. 

Ricardus, the dean of, 489. 
Saucheverel, Robert de, 83. 
Saus', Ricardus le, bailiff of Northampton, 290. 
Sautemareis, Robert de, 297, 298. 
Sauvage, Thomas, burgess of Stanford, 187. 
Saxony, Henry, duke of, 107. 
Saxton, Robert de, 419. 
Say, Sai. 

Hugo de, 345. 

Johannes de, and William, his brother, 198. 
Scheldesleye, Roger de, 499, 500. 
Scherrene, Robert, 432. 

Scolice, Matilda, 38, her daugliter Alicia, 37, 38, and 
Margaret, daughter of Alicia, and wife of Jo- 
hannes le Franceys, 36, 37, 38. 
Scot, Henricus le, 299. 
Scotland, king of, 193. 
Scotton, Walterus de, 541. 
Scoy, Johannes le, 150. 
Screven, Screvin, Scriveyn. 

Hamon, chaplain, 205. 

Henry le, 544. 

Richard, 148, 204. 
Scriba, Edwinus, 258. 
Scriptore, l-iogerus, 106. 
Scrop, Scrope. 

Henricus le, knight, 270, 271, 272. 

John, 303. 
Scures, Ralph de, and Joan, his wife, 160. 
Scurescalf, Johannes de, 250. 
Scuris. 

John de, knight, 167. 

Mattheus de, 158. 
Secular, Alexander, baron of the Exchequer, 45S. 
Seghal, Robert de, clerk, 298. 
Segrave, Gilbertus de, 215. 
Segrim juxta murum, 322. 
Selby, Seleby. 

Abbey of, 234, 237, 463, 540, 542. 

Abbot and monks of, 460, 537, 540, 541, 546. 

Ranulfus de, and Johannes, his son, 543. 



S88 



INDEX. 



Selby, Selehy, coiiiiiiiied. 

Thomas, abbot of, 236, 543. 
Selcok, William, 14S. 
Selvayu, Andreas, 389. 

Seman, Bartholomew, and Katharine, his wife, 255. 
Semiam, Radulfus de, 3S8. 
Sende, Gilbert de, 204. 
Senescal, Robert, chaplain, 251. 
Senlis, Sancto Licio, St. Lize. 

Simon de, earl of Huntingdon, xii, 216, 217, and 
Matilda, his wife, 216, 217. 

Willelmus, chamberlain of Simon, 217. 
Serjeant, Serjeaunt. 

Gilbertus le, 33. 

Robertas, 224. 
Serle. 

Johannes, 431. 

Ricardus, member of Parliament, 423. 
Seule, Griffin, and Agnes, his wife, 346. 
Sevenhanipton, Walterus de, 134. 
Seyham, W. de, justice, 68. 
Seymer, Thomas, 413. 

Shelflega, Willelmus de, and Amicia and Sarra, his 
daughters, wives of (_)gerus filiiis Ogeri and Mi- 
chael filius Ogeri, 404. 
Shelford, William de, 462, 467. 
Shelhang', Walterus, 275. 
Shengay, Schenegeya, hospital of, 59, 64. 
Sherborne, Shireburne, Sirebumia, Syreburne. 

Monks of, 158, 162. 

Prior of, 159, 160, 161, 162. 

Priory of, 152. 

William, prior of, 159. 
Shething', John, and Sibyl, his daughter, 300. 
Shilinghelde, Daniel, and Elias, his brother, 195. 
Shordich, Nicholas de, 239. 
Sibethorpe. 

Richard de, clerk, 310. 

Robert de, and Ralph, his brother, William, sou 
of Ralph, William, son of William, Simon, sun 
of William, 2d, 310. 

Thomas de, 310. 
Sicele, Robert de, 425. 
Sikelfot, Gilbertus, clerk, 431. 
Sikkelinghale, Henry of, and Robert, his son, 544. 
Siment, Robertus, 395. 
Simonderlawe, Willelmus de, 470. 
Siward, Henricus, 543. 
Skyrmere, William le, 292. 

Sk . . . wik', Reginald de, and John, his son, 311. 
Slade, Christina de la, 166. 
Slecare, Walterus, 13. 
Slegyle, Adam de, 451. 
Slow, Matilda ad le, 63. 
Smud, Ricardus, 4S1. 
Smyth, see also Faber and Fevre. 

Jurdanus le, g. 

Symon le, 33. 



Smyth, co>iiinucd. 

Thomas, and Dionisa, his wife, 204. 
Soleigni, Hasculius de, 159. 
Soleres, Robertus, 134. 
Solham, Alar' de, 24. 
Somerfoghel, Geoffrey, 161, 162. 
Somerset, Somersete. 

Nicholas, 253, 254, 255. 

Sheriff of, 349, 355, 372, 459. 
Sonierville, Somervilla. 

Ricardus de, 217. 

Robert de, 390. 

William de, 96. 
Somner, William le, 430. 
Sondon, Nicholas de, Stephen, his son, and Edith, 

wife of Stephen, 393. 
Sotheton, David de, and Joan, his wife, 104. 
Southampton, sheriff of, 149, 150, 154, 167. 
Speciarius, Vincentius, 145. 
Spencer, Willelmus le, ^i. 
.Spiere, William de la, 418. 
Spigurnel. 

H., commissioner, 150. 

Henricus, knight, 270, 271, 272. 
Sprot, Ricliard, 222. 

Sprouston, Rogerus de, and Willelmus, his son, 286. 
Squyer, Johannes le, 495. 
Sruel', Ricardus de, 429. 
Stafford. 

Beniardus de, 377. 

Cecilia de, 392. 

Johannes de, abbot of Burton, 380. 

Neel de, 106. 

Priory of St. I'homas, near, 379. 

Ralph, earl of, 474. 

Sheriff of, 525. 

William de, 106, 391, 392. 
Stainbunie. 

Cnut, Knut, of, 544, 545, Elias, his son, 544, 545 ; 
Yngerode, sister of Elias, and wife of Hugh, the 
chaplain, 544. 

Gregory of, and Adam, his son, 544. 

Walan, chaplain of, 544. 

William, clerk of, 545. 
Stalham, William de, and Reginald, his son, 2S6. 
Stalingburgh, Rogerus de, clerk, 237. 
.Stamford, William, parson of, 235. 
Stanbrige, Hugo de, 301. 
.Stancrofte, Stanecrofte, Hugh atte, 161, 162. 
Standon, Vivian de, 390. 
Stanes, Richard de, justice, 197. 
Stanford, Staunford. 

Clemens, and Johannes, his son, 2S5. 

Gilbertus de, and Simon de, knight, his son, 456. 

Lucas de, Ricardus, his son, and Petrus, son of 
Ricardus, 456. 

Ralph de, rector of Wotton, 161. 

Richard de, canon of St. Paul's, Loudon, 251. 



INDEX. 



589 



Stanford, Staunford, coiititiucd. 

Thomas de, 45S ; Tlionias de, king's clerk, 541. 
Stanley, Staneley, Stanlega. 

Abbey of, 309, 48 1. 

Abbot, and convent of, 83. 

Henry de, 550. 

Willelmus de, 67. 
Stanton. 

Clement, chaplain of, 353. 

Henry, chaplain of, 353- 
Stanwegges, Robert de, and Henry de, his son, 530, 

531. 
Stapelford, Ricardus de, and Willelmus dc, knight, 

his son, 456. 
Stapelton, Nicholas de, justice, 68, 232. 
Stapenhille, Radulfus, parson of, 3S2. 
Staunton. 

Nicholas de, 342. 

Rogerus de, 342. 
Steinegrive, Willelmus de, 513. 
Sterkele, Walterus de, 482. 
Stirkland, Stirkeland, Scirkelaund. 

Walterus de, knight, brother of Robertus de Cas- 
telcairoc, 451. 

William de, knight, 440, 450. 
Stixwould, prioress of, 229. 
Stoch', Johannes, 13. 
Stockport. 

Robertus de, ist, 66; Matilda, his wife, 29; Ro- 
bertus de, 2d, their son, 29, 66, 67, 221; Margery 
or Matilda, daughter of Robert, ist, wife of Will- 
iam de Vemon, chief justice of Chester, 29, 79 ; 
Robert de, 82. 
Stockingham, Hugo de, 430. 

Stocton, John de, and Matilda, his daughter, 406. 
Stodeham, Nicholas de, 322. 
Stodley, Henry de, 499. 
Stoil, Alexander, 464. 
Stoke, Stok', Stok. 

Galfridus de, 133. 

Monks of St. Andrew's of, 355. 

Simon de, 435. 

Thomas, goldsmith, 254. 

W. de, 508. 
Stokes. 

Henricus de, 112. 

William de, 354; William de, and Mabel, his wife, 

374, 375- 
Stokkeld, Walter de, 544. 
Stolle, Henricus, 51. 
Storm, John, 205. 
Stowe, Stowa. 

Michael, archdeacon of, 300. 

Richard, chaplain of, 291. 

Willelmus de, 42, 43 ; William de, and Alice, his 
wife, 261. 
Strange, Johannes le, 438. 
Strata, Robert de, and Felicia, his wife, 243. 



Stratheme, Malise, earl of, Margery, his wife, and 

Margery, and Muriel, their daughters, 302. 
Stratton. 

Herebertus de, 382. 

Ralph de, knight, 167. 

Richard de, knight, 156. 

Willelmus de, knight, 165. 
Streley, Robert de, Elizabeth, his wife, and Robert 

de, knight, their son, 308. 
Strode, Stroude. 

Adam atte, clerk, 425. 

Ricardus atte, and Margeria, formerly his wife, 
415. 
Strong, Philippus, knight, 475. 
Strug, Johannes, 486. 
Sturin, Philip, 341. 

Sturniy, Henry, sheriff of, Wiltshire, 473. 
Stutevil, William de, 409. 
Styvinton, John de, 335. 
Suffolk, sheriff of, 275, 400, 401. 
Suggedon, Daumar de, and Geoffrey, his son, 334. 
Suleby, abbot of, 219. 
Sunderlond, Robertus de, 388. 
Surrey, earls of, see Warren. 
Sus, Juvenis, Johannes le, 290. 
Sussex. 

Galfridus filius Petri, earl of, 288. 

Sheriff of, 416, 417, 420. 
Suthlegh, Ralph de, justice, 440. 
Sutton, Suttuna. 

Elias, 342. 

Griffin de, 338. 

John de, bailiff, 314. 

Ricardus, 67; Ricardus and Anna, his wife, 129. 

Robert de, and Osbert, his son, 341. 

Roger de, 267, 268. 

Walter de, 151. 

Willelmus, presbyter of, 427. 
Swafham, Willelmus de, rector of Teversham, 40, 41. 
Swaleweclyue, Nicholas de, 311. 
Swarraton, rector of the church of, 156. 
Swereford, Alexander de, baron of the Exchequer, 

treasurer of St. Paul's, London, 456, 457, 458. 
Swetebon, Rogerus, 10. 

Swinfield, Richard, bishop of Hereford, 203. 
Swyft, Johannes, 267. 
Sybeton, abbot of, 50. 

Sydenham, Richard, and Henry, his son, 147. 
Symple, Philip, of Adilbroke, and Edith, widow of, 

393- 
Syreffeld, Robertus de, 330. 
Sywet, Ricardus, 35. 



Taillard, Henricus, 159. 
Taillefer, Galfridus, 33. 



59° 



INDEX. 



Tailur, Tailliur, Taylour, Taylur. 

Johannes le, 430. 

Nicholas le, 314, 466. 

Roger le, 504. 

Walterus, 63. 
Talebotli, Gilbert, 172. 
Talecurteys, Philip, 410. 
Tandridge, priors of, 410. 
Tanner, Tannator. 

Johannes le, 430, 541. 

Martinus, 541. 
Tany, Taney, Tani. 

Luke le, 308. 

Peter de, knight, 125, 456. 
Tapenir, Stephen le, iGg. 
Tappelowe, Walterus de, 35. 
Tedbald, Johannes, ig. 
Tekes, Galfridus, 13. 
Telbaud', Nicholas, 160. 
Temp', Johannes, 228. 
Temple, Temple. 

John del, 311. 

Master of the Sulidiery of the, 423. 

Walterus de, 513. 
Tewkesbury. 

Abbey of, 143. 

Abbot of, 137. 

Robertus, abbot of, 144. 
Teye. 

Robertus de, 128. 

William de, 121. 
Teynton, John de, 30. 
TextrLx, Isabella, 40. 
Thame, abbot of, 262, 330. 
Thamenhoni, Thomas dc, 38LJ. 
Thameston, Thomas de, 3<j6. 
Thele, Henry de, 245. 
Theobaville, Robertus de, 214. 
Thetford, Thefford, prior of, 395. 
Thorbrondesheuved, Simon de, 20S. 
Thorinton, Thomas de, 299. 
Thorisby, Adam de, 470. 
Thoni, Mich', 454. 
Thorp, Thorpe. 

Radulfus de, 540, Robertus de, his son, 540, 542, 
and Hugo, son of Robertus, 542. 

Ricardus de, and Johanna, his wife, 222. 

Serlo de, and Sabina, his wife, 222. 

Walterus de, khig's clerk, 270, 271, 272. 
Thurab'n, Walterus, 224. 

Thurkelby, Roger de, justice, 240, 301, 462, 4G6. 
Tilly, Tilli. 

Hugo de, and Osbertus, his steward, 548. 

Otto de, 548. 
Tiltey, Tileteye, abbot of, 37. 
Timmore, Tymor. 

Goddard de, and Petronella, his wife, daughter of 
Simon Clericus or le Sage, 3S8 ; William, their 
sou, 3S8, 389. 



Timmore, Tymor, continued. 

Hugh de, 389. 
Tiwa. 

Edwardus, presbyter of, 323. 

Hugo de, 323. 
Tod, William, 304. 
Tok, Touke. 

Jordanus de, 3S2. 

Walterus de, 349. 
Tolford, Robert de, 156. 
Tollere, Thomas, 526. 
Toly, Tolye. 

Andreas, 51. 

John, 407. 
Tonere, Giles, 113. 
Torel, Alanus, 50. 
Toniy, Willelmus, 417. 
Totenhall, Robertus de, 192. 
Touneshende, Ricardus atte, 11. 
Tprush, Simon, 424. 
Tracy, Henricus de, 459. 
Travers. 

Norman, and Wiltmari, his wife, daughter of 
Roger de Dalton, 528. 

Warin de, 527, Robert, his sou, 527, 52S, and 
Adam, son of Robert, 528. 
Trencardus, Paganus, Robert, his grandson, Henry, 
ist, styled of Herdhele, sou of Robert and 
Henry, 2d, knight, son of Henry, ist, 112. 
Tresk, Robertus de, 522. 
Trocurator, John, 161, 162. 
Truelie, Ricardus de, 427. 
Trul, I'i.icardus de, 429. 
Trussel, Willelnuis, 215. 
Truverbicham, Drew de, 70. 
Truveru, Deui de, 70. 
Tryan, Hugh Tryaii, liis son, and Robert Tryan, son 

of Hugh, 206. 
Tudeham, Radulphus de, 131. 
Tudepute, Tudeputte. 

Reginaldus de, 4S4. 

Willelmus de, 484. 
Turbervill. 

Bartholomeus de, 457. 

Tliomas de, 27. 
Turchilby, Walterus de, 513. 
Tumham, Robertus de, 288. 
Turry, Turri, Turribus. 

Alanus de, 448. 

Nicholas de, justice, 171, 194, 398. 
Turvill, Turvylle. 

John de, parson of Malpas, 65. 

Willelmus de, sheriff of P>edfordshire, 13. 
Tweng', Robertus de, 457. 
Tykehull, Hugo de, 215. 
Tykenhall, Radulphus de, and daughter Agues, wife 

of William le Fraunceys, of Osmundeston, 84. 
Tymore, see Timmore. 
Tyrel, Richard, 449. 



INDEX. 



591 



u 



Ubbeston, Robertus de, knight, 397. 

Ufford, Robertus de, inquisitor, 177. 

Ugylbardby, Hyvo de, 5x3. 

Ulbright, Alan, 521. 

Ulvesby, Walterus de, arclideacon of Carlisle, 77. 

Ulviscroft, Robertus, prior of, 225. 

Upton, Ricardus de, knight, 475. 

Urban III., Pope, 85. 

Urnieston, Simon, 482. 



Valence, Agnes de, 58. 
Vallibus, see also Vaus. 

John de, commissioner, 300, 
Matilda de, wife of Thomas de Multon, 526. 
Oliverus de, justice, 248. 
Willelmus de, 461. 
Valoniis, Peter de, Albreda, his wife, Roger and 
William, their sons, and Walter, nephew of 
Peter, 282. 
Vaus, Willelmus de, 464. See also Vallibus. 
Vavasor, John le, rector of Kirkton, and John and 

Robert, his sons, 30S. 
Velletri, bishop of, 386. 
Venables, Willelmus de, 30. 
Venur, Venator. 

Richard, also called Chineu and Forestarius, 445. 
Robertus, and Rogerus, his son, 223. 
Thomas le, 480. 
Willelmus le, 299, 470. 
Verduno, Bertramus de, and Lecellina, his mother, 

438. 
Vera, Ver. 
Hugh de, earl of Oxford, 124, 458. 
Robertus de, earl of Oxford, 40. 
Verli, Hugo de, 256. 
Verner, Walter le, and Juliana le Fraunceis, his wife, 

115. 
Vernon. 

Richard de, ist, 85, 88, 8g, 384; Avicia, daughter 
of William Avenel, his wife, 85 ; William de, 
chief justice of Chester, son of Richard, ist, 28, 
29, 66, 68, 79, 85, 221, 225, 384, 388, 389, and 
Margeria or Matilda, his wife, 29, 30, 31; 
Richard de, 2d, son of William, the chief justice, 
19. 30) 79. 85, 86, 8g, 385, 389; Robert de, son of 
William, the chief justice, 30, 79, 385 ; Hawise, 
daughter of Robert de, and wife of Gilbert le, 
Fraunceys, 30, 31, 78, 79, 86, 385; Richard de, 
3d, son of Gilbert le Fraunceys, 29, 30, 31, 79, 88, 
221, 385, 386, 523, 524. 
Richard de, 524 ; Richard de, and Helewisa, widow 

of, 78. 
Walter de, 79, 384. 



Venion, cotUitiued. 
Warinus de, 67. 

William de, 2d, great-grandson of Gilbert le Fraun- 
ceys, 525. 
Vescy, barons of, 302. 

Vestene, Richard de la, and Agnes, his mother, 347. 
Veteripont, Veteriponte, Ivo de, and Robertus, his 
son, 460. 
Johannes de (son of Robert), 452, 455 ; Robert de, 
his son, 455 ; and Johanna, daughter of John, 
455- 
Willelmus, de, and Matilda, daughter of Roger de 
Morvill, his wife, 452. 
Veyle, Roger la, 466. 
Vicorys, Richard le, 145. 
Vie!, Johannes de, 494. 
Villa Regia, Petrus de, clerk of the diocese of 

Amiens, 269. 
Villers, Alexander de, 307. 
Vim, Ricardus de, 461. 
Virili, Robert de, 297, 298. 
Viscunt, Johannes le, 87. 



w 



Wace, Henry, 204. 

Wade, Adam, 504. 

Wadington, Robert, parson of, 444. 

Wahulle, Johannes de, 15. 

Wake, John, 89, 94, 96. 

Wakering, Petrus de, knight, 456. 

Waldene, abbot of, 50. 

Waleraud, Robertus, 478. 

Waleys, Walleye, Weleys, Walenciis, Walensis. 

Adam, 414. 

Henricus, 117, n8. 

Johannes de, 134 ; Johannes le, 25, 27, 160. 

Radulfus, 427, 428. 

William, 334; Willielmus de, 177; William le, 160. 
Wallace, William, of Scotland, 53, 516. 
Wallingford, Walyngford. 

Prior of, 17, 19. 

Priory of, 21. 

Steward of, 328. 
Walshe, Johannes le, 376. 

Walter, Hubert, archbishop of Canterbury, 173. 
Walton, Waltone, Waltona. 

Alanus de, knight, 359. 

Paganus de, 349. 

William, 205. 
Walun, Walter, and Petronilla, widow of, 370. See 

Balun, 369. 
Wancey, Wancy, Waunci. 

Walter de, 402, 403. 

William de, 402. 
Wandlesworth, Roger de, 244. 
Wanthon, John de, 409. 



592 



INDEX. 



War, Warre. 

Brin de, igS. 

William de, 19. 
Warbelton, Warbilton, Warbleton, Thomas dc, 41 ; 

Thomas de, sheriff of Southampton, 150, 167. 
Ward, Warde. 

Johannes, 10. 

Nicholas, and Simon, his brother, 550. 
Wardecoppe, see Warthecop. 
Warenne, Warren. 

Earl of, 284. 

John de, earl of Surrey, 228. 

William de, earl of Surrey, 409, and John de, ist, 
his sou, earl of Surrey, 408. 
Warham, Hugo of, sheriff of Dorset, 105. 
Warlegh, Ingelardus de, keeper of the king's ward- 
robe, 270. 
Warman, Simon, 205. 
Warmewell, Galfridus dc, 106, 107, and Galfridus, his 

son, 106. 
Warneford, Ricardus de, knight, 159. 
Warthecop, Wardecoppe, Richard de, 449, 450. 
Warthwick, Warthewyc. 

Robert de, 81. 

Willelmus de, 461. 
Warwick. 

Ela Longespee, countess of, 328. 

Henry de Ncubourg, earl of, xii. 

Sheiiff of, 294, 4,^4. 

William de Bello Canipo, earl of, 20, 34, 504. 

William de I.ucy, sheriff of, 438, 439, 440. 

Willielmus, clerk of, 438. 
Warymer, Johannes le, 32. 
Wascon, Agnes de, 347. 
Wasderius, Walterus, 258. 
Wasseling, Robertus de, 234. 
Wassington, Robert de, 527. 
Wastehuse. 

Joseph, 160. 

Ralph, 160. 

William, 160. 
Wastenel!,' Ricardus, 120. 
Watenhowe, Robert de, 309. 
Waterford, Henry de, 161, 162. 
Watre, Walter atte, 253, 254. 
Watsaund, Wassaund, Alanus de, justice, 240, 458, 

464. 
Wattevill', Michael de, 416. 

Waze, Philippus, bailiff of the earl of Warenne, 284. 
Wederhal, Wedirhale. 

Monks of, 451. 

W., prior of, 74. 
Welaund, Thomas de, knight, 398. 
Welington, Stephen de, Richard de, his son, and 
Cristiana le Fraunceys, widow of Richard de, 172. 
Welle, Gilbertus ate, 24. 
Welleberge, Willelmus, parson of, 534. 
Wellis, Edwardus de, and Hugo, his heir, 351. 



Wells, Welles, see also Bath. 

Dean of, 375. 

Edward, the dean of, 371. 

Henricus de, 222. 

Hugo de, 112; Hugo, the archdeacon of, 375. 

John de, abbot of Malmesbury, 488. 

Roger, bishop of, 375. 

S., archdeacon of, 2S8. 

William, bishop of, 371. 
Wendlebunie, Petrus de, 337. 
Wendut, Rogerus, 43. 
Wenleswurth. 

Henricus de, 405. 

Walterus de, 405. 
Wermunstre, Willelmus, 17. 
Werrj', William, 528, 529. 
Wes, Rogerus le, 430. 
West, William, 292. 
Westebrok, Thomas, 19. 
Westmelne, Milo de, 243. 
Westmersey, Walter, jirior of, 130. 
Westminster, Westmonastcrio, 264. 

Abbey of, 453. 

Abbot of, 139, 177, 456. 

Edwardus de, 266. 

Matthew of, 536. 
Westmorland. 

Sheriff of, 467, 472. 

Walterus, dean of, 451. 
Weston, Westone. 

Hamo de, and William, his son, 379. 

Jordan de, 125. 

Robert de, 410. 

Swein de, 353. 
Wetteheme, William, 526. 
Weyte, Ralph de, 202. 
Whale, Quale, Johannes de, 449, 450. 
Whalley, Thomas de, abbot of Selby, 543. 
Whicheland, John, 549. 
Whitby, Whiteby, Wyteby. 

Abbey of, 532. 

Abbot of, 450. 

Monks of, 513, 538. 

Willelmus, abbot of, 538. 
White, William le, 308. 
Wichering, Radulphus de, 121. 
Wider, Wlwardus, 106. 
Widmarepes, Walter de, 307. 
Wigehale. 

Eudo de, 281. 

Semanus de, 281. 
Wigeton, Wygeton. 

Adam de, and Isabella, widow of, 462. 

Odard de, 462, 466; Walter de, his son, 463, 466, 
467. 
Wight, Wyght, Wyth. 

Isabel de Fortibus, countess of, and of Devon, 319. 

John de, 151 ; John de, bailiff of Winchester, 150. 



INDEX. 



59: 



Wike, Wyke, WykV 

Johaunes de, 39. 

Ricardus de, ,(82. 

Robertus de, 107. 

W. de, 108. 

William, bailiff of the earl of Stafford, 474. 
Wilde, Wylde. 

Adam le, 512. 

Peter le, 41S. 

Walterus le, bailiff of Babergli hundred, 396. 
William I., the Conqueror, ix, 152, 279, 533, 538, and 

his wife Queen Matilda, 270. 
William II., ix. 
Wilton, Wylton, Wiitonia. 

Abbess of, 479. 

Jocelinus, deacon of, 479. 

Willelmus de, justice, 194, 464 ; Willelmus de, or- 
ganist, 478, 479. 
Wilts, sheriff of, 473, 495. 
WilymerEsh, Robertus, 146. 
Wimpler, Wympler, Robertus le, 430. 
Winbume, Nicholaus de, 109. 
Winchelse, Robertus de, canon of Lincoln, 183. 
Winchester, Wintonia. 

Bailiffs of, 150. 

Bishop of, 160, 487. 

Earl of, 61, 223. 

Priory of St. Swithun, 163, 164. 

Ralph, prior of St. Switliun, 164. 

Ricardus de, 25S. 

William, bishop of, xii. 
Windleshores, Galfridus de, knight, 159. 
Winebadeshara, Estmundus de, 395. 
Wipez, Willelmus, log. 
Wirard, Radu'phus, 159. 
Wirksop, priory of, 308. 
Wisman, Roger, 314. 
Wisnard, Robert, 311. 
Wither, Wyther. 

Randulph, 501. 

Willelmus, Richolda, his wife, Petrus, Robertus, 
and Walterus, his sons, and Matilda, his daugli- 
ter, log. 
Wobum, Johannes, 259. 
Wodefaude, Willelmus de, knight, 475. 
Wodemonger, Petrus le, and Alicia, his daughter, 

250. 
Wodeme, Alfred le, 244. 
Woderlak, Thomas de, deacon, 298. 
Wodle, John, 148. 
Wokindon, Wokendon. 

Ricardus de, rector of Annilers, 454. 

Thomas de, 122. 
Wolde, William de, chaplain, 419. 
Wolf, Johannes le, and Johannes, his son, 14. See 

also Lupus. 
Woltone, Johannes de, 201. 
Wombridge, John, prior of, 337. 



Worcester. 

Bishop of, see Reynolds. 

Henry of, abbot of Evesham, 439. 

Priory of, 49S, 502, 503, 505, 506. 

Sheriff of, 496. 
Worstede, Alice de, 274. 
Wotton, Wottone. 

Herbert de, i6i, 162. 

Robert de, 357, 358, 359. 
Wratteworth, Johannes de, 64. 
Wretton, Johannes de, 10. 
Wulwine, Reginald, 363. 
Wurth, Benedictus de, 30. 
Wy, Hugo de, bailiff, 201. 
Wybbe, Thomas, clerk, 148. 
Wycher, Johannes, 63. 
Wygeton, see Wigeton. 
Wyght, see Weight. 
Wyke, see Wike. 
Wykkewane, William de, 31. 
Wylde, see Wilde. 
Wyldebeuf, Gerald de, 185. 
Wyle, Martinus le, 329. 
Wylton, see Wilton. 
Wylughby, Wylghoby. 

Philip de, escheator. Si. 

Richard de, commissioner, 419. 
Wympler, see Wimpler. 

Wymundesham, Thomas de, royal treasurer, 457. 
Wyndermle, Stephanus de, knight, 397. 
W}Tislowe, John de, bailiff of St. Albans, iSo. 
WjTiterford, Henry de, 504. 

Wyntreshull, William de, Beatrice, his wife, Edmund, 
John, and Walter, his sons, and William, son of 
John, 166, 167. 
Wyring, Radulfus, and Henricus, his son, 135. 
Wyston, Robertus de, 379. 
Wyteby, see Whitby. 

Wytefeld, Galfridus de, Robertus de, his son, and 
Leonardus and Robertus, uncles of Robertus de, 

3I7- 
W3lewell, Thomas, 299. 
Wyther, see Wither. 
Wytside, Walterus, 174. 
Wjaiiir, Johannes de, justice, 249. 
Wyvelscombe, Henry, 147. 



Yelfhang, Robert de, steward of Arundel, 418. 
Yelsted, Willelmus de, and Robertus, liis son, 203. 
Yerdely, see Herdely. 

Ynceberg, Geoffrey de, and William de, his son, 441. 
Yneworth, Rogenis de, 2S8. 
York. 
Abbey of St. Mary at, 448, 451, 462, 518, 522. 



594 



INDEX. 



York, continued. 

Abbot of St. INIarj- at, 462, 5415, 547. 

Archbishop of, 76, 513, 536, 546. 

Dean of, 546. 

Hospital of St. Peter at, 518. 

Monks of St. Marj' of, 537. 

Sherig of, 457, 467, 525. 

Walter (Gray), bishop of, 454. 
Yreby, see Ireby. 

Ysembard, Johannes, provost of Wilton, 479. 
Yunge, Walter called the, 144. 



Yuustapel, Margeria de, wife of Henricus le, 
Frenisha, 10 1. 



Zonarius. 

Adam, 430. 

Ricardus, 430. 
Zuche, Alan le, Elena widow of, grand-daughter of 
Alan, lord of Gallowav, 47. 



NOTES 



SURNAMES OF FRANCUS, FRANCEIS, FRENCH, ETC., IN 

SCOTLAND, WITH AN ACCOUNT OF THE 

FRENCHES OF THORNYDYKES. 

By a. D. Weld French, F.S.A. Scot. 

(Boston: Privately printed, 1893.) 



SOME OPINIONS OF THE PRESS, 

Both Foreign and American. 



"THE SCOTTISH ANTIQUARY." 

A study of genealogy affords convincing evidence that the adage, " There 
are as good fish in the sea as ever came out of it," holds good with regard to 
families. Many of our oldest families are not to be found in the peerage, and 
some are so proud of their untitled position that they decline with thanks the 
offer of a coronet. As the north-west of Scotland can boast her Highland 
chieftains, so the southern and the eastern portion of the kingdom still possess 
families sprung from Saxon followers of Queen Margaret and Norman knights, 
who, having gained a lodgment in England, got across the borders and colon- 
ized the fair vale of Annan, and worked northward to Aberdeen. Some of 
these men founded houses prominent in our national history. The list can 
be headed by Bruce and Stewart. The power of the house of Bruce early 
showed itself by the number of families which were allied to it by interest 
rather than consanguinity. Annandale was the home of men who, recognizing 
the Bruce as the most influential settler, seem to have paid him the compli- 
ment of making his armorial bearings the model on which to form their own. 
The saltire with a chief oi the Bruces, varied by different colored metals and 
subsidiary charges, is borne, amongst others of less note, by the Johnstones, 
Kirkpatricks, Blackwoods, Jardines, and the Frenches, which last family were 
early in possession of a district in Annandale known as Frenchland. We find 
from Mr. A. U. Weld French's " Index Armorial " that the family of France 
of Scotland bore ^'■vert a saltire arg. on a chief or, then fleur-de-lis az." These 
are not the arms at present attributed to French of Frenchland, but they point 
to the locality of the early home of the family of French or France. Mr. 



Weld French has supplemented his " Index Armorial of the Name of French" 
with " Notes on the Surnames of Francus, Francis, French, etc., in Scotland, 
with an Account of the Frenches of Thornydike," and in a compass of loo 
pages he has compressed a vast amount of genealogical research. A short 
preface explains the formation of the various forms of the name from a com- 
mon root; and, having done this, he shows in the body of his work how the 
Frenches were in France the neighbors of the Bruces and Yaloines in the 
district of the Cotentin in Normandy. Mr. French is a careful and laborious 
writer, and his book is an example of the value of collecting all scraps of 
information when compiling a family history. We have little doubt that we 
shall see further results of his labors, and that they will prove both interesting 
and valuable. 



"THE GENEALOGIST" OF ENGLAND. 

As the author of the " Index Armorial," Mr. Weld French is already well 
known as an authority on the name of French with its numerous variations. 
In this work he deals with the surnames of Francus, Franceis, and French in 
Scotland, and has, as he intimates in the Preface, obtained his evidence from 
the records in the Register House in Fdinburgh. The volume is divided into 
two parts, the first being a collection of notes on the name, the second is de- 
voted entirely to a history of the lairds of Thornydikes. As an example of 
the variation in the speUing of the surname, we notice in the short account 
of the Frenchs of Linlithgow, one of whom was the second Master Mason of 
Scotland in 1535, that it occurs as France, I'ranche, Frans, and Frensche. 
The earliest instances of the appearance of the surname in Scotland are to be 
found in monastic records, and are, of course, chiefly in a Latinized form, such 
as Francus, Franciscus, and Francigena, as with other names in ancient char- 
ters. There is so much valuable and hitherto unpublished information in the 
volume that it is a great pity an index has not been given, especially to the 
history of the Thornydikes' family. The portion of the book relating to that 
family will undoubtedly be found the most useful and interesting to the gene- 
alogist; and, from the evidences adduced, it is clear how trustworthy all Mr. 
Weld French's work is likely to prove. 



"SCOTTISH NOTES AND QUERIES." 

This is not an e very-day genealogical work, inasmuch as the author brings 
to it an unusual amount of scholarship and historical knowledge. In a brief 
but valuable preface Mr. French discusses the philology of the name, and the 
chronology of its various forms and orthographical changes as it spread itself 
over the civilized world. Coming to Scotland, every page gives proof of thor- 
ough research and minute investigation, the antique basis being largely the 
archives of the religious houses both of Scotland and the Continent. In all 
this the author has gone about his work as an expert. Among the various 



brief memorials of tlie bearers of the patronymic, Mr. French (p. 45) refers to 
Thomas Tranche, Master Mason to the Bishop of Aberdeen for building the 
Bridge of Dee, and whose eldest son, "who died in 1530, was buried in Aber- 
deen Cathedral, where is found his epitaph." It may interest the author if we 
transcribe the epitaph, which is now much worn : — 

" . . . r lyis tomas ye 
son of tomas fra- 
nch master maco ..." 

In the second part of the book the author gives an interesting account of the 
Thornydyke branch of the family, dating from the time of Bruce, in the middle 
of the fourteenth to the middle of the seventeenth century. As became a 
Border family, the Frenches took an active part in many a fray, and, withal, 
maintained a dignified position. Several representatives of the family held 
crown appointments. If anything, the author has somewhat restrained him- 
self in this department, as there can be little doubt that the charter-chest 
would yield a good deal of interest without the purely genealogical. The 
book is, however, strictly reliable, and a model of a family record ; and its 
get-up is well worth the thanks gracefully paid to the jjrinter, inter alia, by the 
author in his preface. An index would have been a useful adjunct. 



"THE SCOTSMAN" OF EDINBURGH. 

Genealogy is not one of the despised sciences in New England, and in 
Boston they are far from smiling at the claims of long descent. Proof of 
this is furnished in the privately printed volume on "The Frenches of Scot- 
land," by Mr. A. D. Weld French. It prosecutes with much industry a side- 
path in historical research, which, besides its special personal interest to the 
author, has local bearings which will be appreciated by genealogists and anti- 
quaries in this country, and particularly by those who have looked into the 
family archives of the Merse. The volume consists of two parts, of which 
the first contains notes gathered from published and unpublished records in 
France, England, and Scotland, on the occurrence of the surnames of Francus, 
Franceis, French, and their congeners; while the second part is an account of 
the old family of the Frenches of Thornydykes, in Berwickshire, which came 
to an end in the person of the tenth laird early in the seventeenth century. 
The notices on the mentions of the surname are necessarily fragmentary, and 
but slightly connected ; but they are suggestive, as in the case of so many 
other Norman families which acquired land and power in the south of Scot- 
land, of an origin in the Cotentin district of Normandy, and of an early 
association with the Bruces. Afterwards the Frenches seem to have been 
allies or vassals of the successive ruling houses on the Eastern Marches, 
Dunbars, Gordons, and Homes, and as lairds of Thornydykes, in Berwick- 
shire, and of Pitcox, in East Lothian, to have played a stirring, if subsidiary, 
part in the Border and family troubles of three centuries. 



"THE DUNDEE ADVERTISER." 

"Notes on the Surname of Franceis and French in Scotland," by A. D. 
Weld French, is a volume belonging to a class of literature that is of compara- 
tively recent introduction. It is not strictly a genealogical account of the 
family of Franceis or French, but rather contains memoranda as to the char- 
ters and documents wherein the name is to be found. He is of opinion that 
the family came to this country from the Cotentin of Normandy, and he has 
found the name associated with that of Robert de Brus so early as 1097. 
As the name of Franceis is frequently found on charters connected with the 
Bruces of Annandale, he thinks it probable that the family had settled in that 
district early in the twelfth century. The only branch that he has followed 
up consecutively is that of French of Thornydykes, in Berwickshire ; and the 
genealogical information he has brought together will be of great service to 
members of the family who desire to make out a pedigree. Mr. French has 
explored very thoroughly all the places where it was likely that he would find 
traces of any of the French family under the numerous variations of the name. 
Though this book is primarily of interest to bearers of his own name, Mr. 
French's method may be taken as an excellent model for similar works. 



THE "DAILY FREE PRESS " OF ABERDEEN. 

Mr. Weld French, of Boston, has bestowed much labor on the production 
of a monograph on the early history of the surname French (in its various 
forms) in Scotland. P'or this purpose he has ransacked the abbey records, 
the principal antiquarian authorities, and published and unpublished public 
documents. This name goes back in Scotland to the days of its Anglo- 
Norman colonization under David I. The first actual example of it which 
Mr. Weld French has lit upon occurs in connection with "the second Robert 
de Brus, who obtained possessions in Scotland, the son of one of the com- 
panions of William the Conqueror"; and the name Brus, and that which was 
afterwards anglicized as French, were, prior to this time, associated in the 
Cotentin in Normandy. As bearing on this latter point, quotation is made 
from several charters of the Abbey of St. Sauveur-le-Vicomte, " so well en- 
dowed by the Bruces," as also of other abbeys of the Cotentin. The original 
Robert Fraunceys, or one of his sons, seems not unlikely to have been a settler 
with Bruce in y\nnandale ; and certainly no long time elapsed till the Fraunceys 
bore a feudal relation to the Bruce lords of that district. Before Bannock- 
burn William le Fraunceys appears as a knight of the Earl of March ; and 
after that battle Edward II. took shelter in Dunbar Castle, where " William 
Fraunceys" rendered him service, which was rewarded with an annuity. Sev- 
eral Fraunceys, including Sir William, swore fealty to Edward I. in 1296; and 
in this year Simon de Fraunceys, tenant of John Comyn of Badenoch, had 
lands in Roxburgh restored to him. Adam French was one of the Scottish 



patriots pardoned by Edward III. at Berwick in 1335. The family had 
possessions at Ayton, in Berwickshire, and in Linlithgow. An inscription, 
formerly in the north aisle of the Church of Linlithgow, bore : " Heir lyes 
Ihon Franch, fadder to Tomas, master mason of Brig of Dee. Obiit Anno 
Domini MCCCCLXXXIX." Thomas had been appointed master mason by 
King James V. at Kelso in 1535. Prior to this he had been master mason 
to the Bishop of Aberdeen for building the bridge of Dee. While he was 
resident in Aberdeen, in 1 530, his son Thomas died, and was buried in the 
cathedral. As king's mason, he executed works at the palaces of Linlithgow 
and Falkland; and he appears to have died in 1551. John French, probably 
his son, seems to have succeeded to his functions in connection with the royal 
residences. George French held land in or near Aberdeen in 1474-75; and a 
George French is mentioned with Thomas and his sons, John and Robert, in 
the account of work done at Falkland in 1 538-39. About half the volume is 
occupied with the Frenches who were lairds of Thorndykes, in Berwickshire, 
from the fourteenth to the seventeenth century, — a family that played a not 
unimportant part in their own district, and whose ramifications spread far 
and wide. 



"BOSTON EVENING TRANSCRIPT." 

THE FRENCHES OF SCOTLAND. 

The first work of the author of this volume that attracted attention was his 
" Index Armorial." His previous volume on the Williams Armory, published 
several years since, still remains the chief authority on their coats-of-arms. 

The author of the Fetiland Notes and Queries of England, commenting on 
the " Index Armorial," states that " we have referred to several works on 
heraldry, and in no instance have we found any entry about these names that 
has been omitted." The charge by one writer that the title was a misnomer, 
owing to the historical importance of its preface, is equally applicable to the 
present volume; for, disguised under its title, we find the translations of several 
unpublished original charters and records, which throw additional light on some 
of the ancient customs and manners of Scotland and Normandy. The preface 
of this w'ork on the origin of the surnames is interesting, and a similar effort 
in regard to other names would result in a much-needed modern work on the 
subject. In the body of this volume we find some early prototypes of the 
surnames of the Baliols, Blacks, Bovilles, Bruces, Stuarts, Viponts, Whites, 
etc. It is noticeable that several of the surname of French held positions 
very close to the persons of several of the Scottish sovereigns of the Stuart 
line. Thomas Frainche was a marshal of the royal household in the reign of 
King James IV. ; another Thomas, the second master mason of the king- 
dom of Scotland, was particularly identified in the building of the royal 
palaces of King James V. ; while the more numerous of these appoint- 
ments appear during the reign of King James VI. Soon after his cor- 
onation Hue French was made " controller of his majesty's horse." Later 



another of the name appears as the " only keeper of his majesty's outer 
chamber door," while we find a Royal I'alefrenier among the latter appoint- 
ments of this king. Many of this surname were identified with the clergy. 
One of these, in the reign of the last-named sovereign, was appointed as a 
Protestant ecclesiastical commissioner for the shire of Berwick. Setting aside 
the general historical importance of these last two volumes, which are also 
very valuable additions to the bibliography of the surname of French, for a 
long time left vacant, they both show, on the part of the author, great indus- 
try, continuous research, and many years of study. 



"WILTSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES." 

We can best express our opinion of this book by saying that it contains just 
the kind of genealogical matter that ]Viltshire Notes and Queries is designed 
to promulgate. Some time ago Mr. French published a volume, entitled the 
" Index Armorial," in which he summed up most sufficiently and exhaustively 
the origin and history of the French family in France and Great Britain. The 
first i)art of the present volume is a compendium of ancient deeds and docu- 
ments supplying the evidence for his former assertions so far as Scotland is 
concerned. The second part is a history of that particular branch of the 
French family who enjoyed the title of "The Laird of Thorndike." Alto- 
gether, the volume does credit to the indefatigaliility and zeal of the author, 
and is one of the most scientific collections of family history which we have 
yet come across. 



"NEW ENGLAND HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL 
REGISTER." 

The writer of this volume is already well and favorably known in Great 
Britain and this country as the author of the " Index Armorial." His first 
work, however, on armory was on the coats-of-arms of the surname of Will- 
iams. The present title does not fully indicate its antiquarian and historical 
importance, for this volume goes far back to the very foundation stones of 
history. Much of the earliest information has been gathered from the ancient 
abbey archives in England, Scotland, and Normandy. And, although there are 
a few gaps in the historical records, yet, practically, this original search begins 
at the very end of the eleventh century, and continues down to the dawn of 
the seventeeth century, a period of more than five hundred years. No one 
but the historical and genealogical author can fully realize the amount of work, 
perseverance, and study necessary to have completed this volume. Dissect- 
ing the work, we classify it under the following four headings : — 

First. — Surnames, on which subject the preface is particularly interesting. 
Nor does the interest fail on this theme in the body of these records. As an 
illustration, we cite an instance as found in the family of Ayton, where, start- 



ing with Franciis, we have Francisciis, Franceis, Franceys, Francys, Frauncays, 
Frances, Fraunches, and finally Franche. 

Second. — Historically. The translations of ;the ancient unpublished Nor- 
man charters specially indicate the then prevailing custom of individual dona- 
tion to the abbeys, the existing system of land tenure, historic and genealogi- 
cal information, as well as early prototypes of some French and Anglo-Norman 
surnames. Similar illustrations by charters are given for Scotland. Many his- 
torical events crop out in different parts of this work in connection with the 
surnames in Scotland, of which the following is a partial synopis : — 

In the year 1296 roll of submission of King John ]5aliol to his liege lord 
King Edward I. of Flngland. 

Arrangements in 1302 for the defence of Kirkintilloch Castle. 

Taking of Edinburgh Castle from the English in 1312-13. 

King Edward II. 's flight in 1314 after the battle of Bannockburn. 

Third. — General notes on the surname. Beginning at the end of the 
eleventh century, we find " Robertus ffraunceys, one of the few recorded 
knights of the 2d Robert de Brus in English history." The earlier Norman 
charters recorded give the Latin form of the surname. They are all identified 
with the Valognes district of the Cotentin, the Normandy home of the Bruces, 
in which locality are many records of the surname of Franceis, which at a later 
period appears in the Annandale of .Scotland as feudatories of the Bruces. 
Besides the last-named feudality there are many associations of the name in 
connection with the old Earls of Dunbar, even before the recorded charters of 
the Frenches under these earls. 

There are indications that William Franceis, under the different orthographi- 
cal changes of this surname, so often found as a witness to the abbey charters 
as well as those of the Bruces, may have been the same personage. In con- 
tinuation we find much genealogical information about the Franceis of Ayton 
and Linlithgow, the latter family being specially distinguished as having fur- 
nished the second master mason to the crown of Scotland. 

Fourth. — Lairds of Thornydykes, which comprises part second of this 
work, is the unpublished records of that family for more than two hundred 
years, beginning with the latter part of the fourteenth century and continued 
to the opening of the seventeeth century. This was during the reigns of 
Kings Robert III., the five Jameses, Queen Mary, and ending with the reign 
of King James VI. of Scotland, who became in 1603 the first Scotch king of 
England. This period comprises many interesting epochs in Scotch history, 
including the Reformation. Several members of the family of French of 
Thornydykes held positions immediately under the last-named sovereign. 

Although this work is privately printed and limited to the small edition of 
three hundred copies, this disadvantage to the general public is somewhat 
overcome from the fact that Mr. French has donated copies to the leading 
historical, genealogical, and free libraries of our country. 



"HAMPSHIRE OBSERVER." 

The name of French is a well-known one in Hampshire, but whether the 
Hampshire Frenches are connected with the lairds of Thornydykes and their 
Scottish offshoots it would take a genealogist to decide. If such connection 
there be, the owners of the name should feel a peculiar interest in a well got-up 
volume, privately printed, which hails from across the Atlantic, " Notes on the 
Surnames of Francus, Franceis, French, etc., in Scotland, with an Account of 
the Frenches of Thornydykes," by Mr. A. D. Weld French, F.S.A. Scot., 
an authority on genealogy and cognate subjects. In any case the zeal and 
research which Mr. Weld French displays must command the admiration and 
respect of antiquaries, and the volume forms a valuable and exhaustive chap- 
ter of family history. It is pleasant also to know that dwellers under the 
stars and stripes feel so keen an interest in their British kin ; and we could 
wish that the queries of another American citizen, 7-e the Bachiler family, ad- 
dressed to our own readers, had found in our county an informant as learned 
in Hampshire liachilers as Mr. Weld French, of Boston, is concerning the 
Scottish Frenches. 




,}',iiV,><r;l\>