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Full text of "The cradle roll department"

Ilii 



NYPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES 



3 3433 07994595 6 




CraWe aSvoU 
department 



BY 



ELIZABETH W. SUDLOW 






zicp 



-^ 



tKfie Crable aaoU 
©epartment 



BY 

ELIZABETH W. SUDLOW 



1915 

THE WESTMINSTER PRESS 

PHILADELPHIA 






.^o i_.liji.vAK ( 

I ASTOR, LENOX AND 
1 TILDEN FOUNDATIONS 
If? 1*^13 



Copyright, 1915, 
By F. M. Braselmann 



*.^ 



ContentJi 



PAGE 



I. History 7 

II. Organization 11 

III. Congratulations 15 

IV. Cradle Roll Assistants 18 

V. Financing the Cradle Roll 25 

VI. Securing New Members 28 

VII. Advertising the Department 32 

VIII. Records 34 

IX. Wall Rolls 37 

X. The Cradle 40 

XI. Displaying the Baby's Picture 42 

XII. Remembering Birthdays 44 

XIII. Cradle Roll Welcome 48 

XIV. The Cradle Roll Class or Nursery 51 

XV. When the Death Angel Comes 56 

XVI. Transferring a Cradle Roll Member 59 

XVII. Promotion Day 61 

XVIII. Cradle Roll Day 69 

XIX. Special Days 75 

XX. Christmas 77 

XXI. Souvenirs for Special Seasons 80 

XXII. Cradle Roll Parties 86 

XXIII. The Cradle Roll and Missions 90 

XXIV. The Pastor and the Cradle Roll 93 

XXV. A Mothers' Auxiliary 95 

Appendix 105 



iforettjorb 

The real purpose of the Cradle Roll is to secure co- 
operation between the home, the Sunday school, and 
the church in the training of the child during the first 
years of its life ; to bring to the parents a sense of their 
great responsibility toward the baby and its relation- 
ship to God and his Church at a time when their hearts 
are most tender, and to put upon the Church in a strong 
way its responsibility in caring for even the smallest 
of God's children. Through the Cradle Roll comes an 
unusual opportunity for personal work on the part 
of pastor and superintendent because of their easy 
access to the home and heart of parents through baby. 
This is particularly true where the family is not con- 
nected with any church organization. 

The lasting results in every branch of the work, 
however, depend, first, upon the spiritual life of the 
person in charge, and, second, upon the thoroughness 
of the organization. The chapters in this volume deal 
w^th methods whereby the Department, whether large 
or small, may be helped. 

The great, threefold principle underlying all this 
work is to help the baby, the home, and the school. 
The baby is helped by the love we show it, and the 
strong influence of early church surroundings; the home 
by the interest not only in baby, but in every other 

5 



6 Jforetoorb 



member of the family; the school by enlisting the inter- 
est of pupils of all ages in these little ones, and by in- 
creasing its membership in every department. 

No school is so small that it can afford to neglect 
this work, and no school is so large that it has outgrown 
the need of the babe "in the midst." 

Jesus said, "Suffer the little children to come unto 
me." How shall they come except they be brought? 
And it is the privilege of the Cradle Roll superintendent 
to invite them. Parents may be willing to allow their 
names to be enrolled because of the beautiful wall roll 
which is used, or because of the good times which are 
provided at the little parties. It may be through some 
special-day service that they have been brought into 
the church, or because of the birthday card or little 
holiday remembrance which baby has received. At 
any rate, baby is a member of the school, and as the 
result of its presence we find the parents and other 
members of the family with a deepened interest in 
things of a spiritual nature. 



In 1877 an Infant Class teacher in a Baptist school 
in Elizabeth, New Jersey, conceived the idea of gather- 
ing the names of the wee brothers and sisters of the 
little ones in her class and enrolling them in a birthday 
book as an auxihary to the Foreign Missionary Society 
of the church. About seven years later the organiza- 
tion was known as the Cradle Roll. The work spread 
from denomination to denomination, until in 1889 
it was mentioned at the International Sunday- School 
Convention held in Atlanta. Not much emphasis was 
placed upon the importance of the work, except that 
it was described as "one strand of a threefold cord to 
bind the Sunday school to the home." The first official 
Cradle Roll report given at an International Sunday- 
School Convention was in Denver in 1902, when eleven 
hundred and sixteen departments were reported, with 
an unknown membership. Up to this time the Cradle 
Roll was considered not much more than a fad, a pretty, 
sentimental adjunct to the Primary Department. A 
certificate of membership, on which the names were 
inscribed, a birthday record book and some birthday 
cards were about all the equipment necessary. To 
procure the name of a baby, and to send the birthday 
card, was the chief duty of the Cradle Roll superin- 

7 



8 tirt)^ Crable 3^oU Bepartment 

tendent. Cradle Roll certificates of membership were 
first used in the Tabernacle Presbyterian Sunday School 
of Indianapolis, Indiana. This was in 1896. 

Gradually the importance of the work, with its almost 
unlimited possibilities for reaching others, was under- 
stood, until now no well-organized school is considered 
complete unless it has a real, live, working Depart- 
ment. It is a very essential part of the Sunday-school 
and church life. As the work became better known it 
spread until, at the International Sunday-School 
Convention held in Chicago in 1914, over a milHon 
babies were reported as enrolled on 44,268 Cradle Rolls 
of North America. 

"Before this Brigade of sweet innocents, 
Old Evil can never stand!" 

Only babies! but how their influence has been felt in 
the Sunday-school world! Because baby was enrolled 
at birth, he attended school at an earlier age then 
formerly. The Primar}^ teacher was troubled with the 
problem of presenting a lesson which equally suited the 
understanding and needs of a four- or five-year-old child 
and those twice that age. Her task had not been easy 
before this, with children of all ages up to ten or twelve 
to care for. The attendance of these little tots made 
it heavier, so Primary teachers asked for lessons suited 
to the years and understanding of the younger children. 
In 1902 the first recognized course of Beginners lessons 
was used. These worked so well, and the Primary 
teachers were able to accomplish their work so much 



M^tOtp 9 



more satisfactorily after the little ones were removed 
to a class by themselves, that they asked to be relieved 
of the older children/ to form a Junior Department. 
Graded lessons have since been prepared for all these 
departments, Beginners, Primary, and Junior, and also 
for the teen years. 

When baby was on the Cradle Roll the parents were 
often aroused to feel their responsibility toward it and 
their need of Bible study, and to become members of 
the Home Department, thereby keeping in touch with 
the school. When baby was old enough to enter the 
Beginners Class, sometimes father or mother brought 
him to Sunday school and became members of the 
Bible classes. Many parents were in the school, but 
a great many more ought to have been there. Since 
the adult Bible class movement has been launched 
hosts of parents have been gathered in, and the influence 
of this banding together of Christian men and women 
has been felt throughout the entire nation. Of course, 
being identified with Sunday school means that the 
men, and women, too, will be active in all forward 
movements, and throw their united forces into the 
fight for prohibition, clean government and everything 
else that leads to a better civic life. 

Naturally, as a part of the Sunday school, they are 
interested in missions, and so the gospel is being carried 
to the ''uttermost part" more rapidly because of baby's 
having become a member of the Sunday school. 

Sunday schools now demand trained teachers, but 
even teachers trained to the highest point of efficiency 



10 ^f)e Cratile ^oll department 

accomplish but a small part of what they set out to do 
unless the parents cooperate. Therefore community 
training schools have developed where Sunday-school 
teachers, pubUc-school teachers and parents unite in a 
systematic study of the Book, the methods and the 
child, and endeavor to make conditions more ideal for 
bringing up the child in the w^ay he should go. 

A part of the whole of this great structure is the baby. 
Neglect the Cradle Roll and the effect will be felt 
throughout every department of the school. 



n 

©rsani^ation 

"Methods are many, principles are few; 
Methods may vary, principles never do." 

Of the multitude of organizations of which the Church 
is composed to-day, there is none more important, more 
deserving of the highest type of service, more far-reach- 
ing in its influence, than the Cradle Roll. The methods 
employed in carrying on the work are many, but very 
elastic. They may be made to fit any school, large or 
small, city or rural. The principles underlying the 
work are the same everywhere, and never vary; first, 
to surround the baby in the first impressionable years 
of his life with Christian influences; second, to aid the 
parents to a proper understanding of their great re- 
sponsibility toward the child and toward the Church; 
and third, to bring the Church to a fuller realization 
of its mission toward the children in its midst. 

Although the methods herein described may seem 
appropriate only to the larger school, practically all are 
capable of being adapted to suit the requirements of 
the small school. Indeed, reports from schools all 
over the country have shown that progressive work is 
to be found in many smaller schools, and in the rural 
districts Cradle Roll superintendents are doing most 
excellent work. 

11 



12 ^fje Crable i^oll department 

Large numbers do not always indicate a well-managed 
Department. Much better a smaller number enrolled, 
and these looked after personally, than a larger number 
of names and the roll circularized. Quality, not 
quantity, should be the aim of the superintendent. 
Large numbers are desirable, and the Department may 
be so organized as to care faithfully for any number, 
but do not make the mistake of enrolling a baby just 
for the sake of having one more name to report, and 
then neglect the personal contact which is so essential 
if the Department is to Hve up to its opportunity. 

Cradle Roll Departments with but a single baby en- 
rolled are not uncommon, and where the school is 
located in a sparsely settled community and there is 
only one baby to enroll, it speaks well for the enterprise 
of those in charge to have a Cradle Roll for this one 
baby. In the family life is the only child .provided for 
less liberally than where there are several to share with 
it? In the sight of the Father, is not the one baby of 
as much importance as the many? 

Cradle Roll Departments numbering from five hun- 
dred to a thousand babies are scattered throughout 
the country, and those numbering over a hundred are 
very numerous. The same principles apply to these as 
to the smaller organizations. 

Cradle Roll ideals were presented during the Inter- 
national Sunday-School Convention held in Chicago 
in 1914, resulting later in the following suggestions, 
which state the aim and mention the means of reaching 
the aim. 



C^rgani^ation 13 



CRADLE ROLL AIM AND METHODS 

That the church and Sunday school may cooperate 
with parents in providing early religious influence 
through the atmosphere and training of the home it is 
desirable — 

1. To organize a Cradle Roll Department for little 
children from birth to three (sometimes four) years of 
age— 

(a) With a Cradle Roll superintendent and addi- 
tional helpers as may be needed. 

(b) By a public record of names and permanent 
card index or book record, including baby's 
name, address, birthday, age, parents' names, 
promotions, and so forth. 

(c) By a systematic effort to secure members and 
prompt recognition of membership in the Sun- 
day school. 

(d) By registration of all removals and the cause. 

(e) By public promotion not later than the fourth 

birthday * to the Beginners Class or Depart- 
ment. 

(f) By a Cradle Roll class in the Beginners De- 
partment if children attend before formal 
promotion. 

2. To manifest a living individual interest — 

(a) By visiting the babies and their parents in the 
homes. 

* Cradle Roll membership ceases after the fourth birthday. 
Even if Sunday-school attendance is impossible, transfer should 
be made to the supervision of the Beginners superintendent or 
teacher. 



14 ^fje Crable 3^oU department 

(b) By prompt recognition of birthdays. 

(c) By suitable remembrance in case of sickness or 
death. 

(d) By a Cradle Roll Day annually. 

(e) By a welcome to babies as visitors whenever 

present. 

(f) By invitations to babies and friends on special 
days. 

3. To promote sociability and help for parents — 

(a) By an occasional social affair for parents and 
babies. 

(b) By mothers' meetings and literature pertain- 
ing to baby's care and training. 

(c) By parents' class in Sunday school. 



Ill 
Congratulations; 

A little attention that is much appreciated by a new 
mother, as well as by other members of the family, is 
to offer congratulations when baby is born. This is 
done in various ways. A few flowers may accompany 
the application card, or they may be sent alone, fol- 
lowed by a visit from the superintendent as soon as 
the mother is able to see her. At this time she will 
get baby's name for the roll. Or, if the name has 
already been sent in to the superintendent, the visit 
may be the occasion for delivering the certificate. 

One superintendent who has been very successful in 
enrolling every baby in the community upon her roll 
has a regular ''follow-up" system. A little personal 
note of congratulation is first sent to the parents, 
followed by an invitation to join the Cradle Roll. 
These are always written, and on note paper suited 
in color to the little one — blue if the baby is a girl, and 
pink when the baby is a boy. 

"We have heard that a baby, all dainty and fair, 
From the arms of the angels has come now to share 
In your home; and we know that your joys will o'erflow 
As you welcome this babe to his (her) home here below. 
We would welcome him, too, we would share your delight, 
On our white Cradle Roll this name we would write. 
Won't you let us enroll him for Jesus to-day 
And thus start his feet toward the Sunday-school way?" 
15 



16 ^fje Crable l^oU department 

This invitation is followed by the application card, 
then a personal call, and after baby's name is received, 
by the certificate. By this time the parents appreciate 
the fact that baby is really wanted in the Sunday school, 
and are thoroughly interested in at least one depart- 
ment of it. 

A flower fund, toward which each mother contributes 
a penny a month, may be used to purchase flowers for 
the mother when a new baby arrives. The flowers 
are sent, with a card of congratulation, in the name of 
all the other mothers on the Cradle Roll. 

Tiny note paper three inches square, edged in baby 
blue, with envelope to match and about half the size, 
is used by one superintendent. The words, ''With 
sincere congratulations," are engraved, and the little 
note when filled in reads: 

Mr. and Mrs. Brown. 

With Sincere Congratulations 

to you from 

Miss Kellogg, 

Superintendent Cradle Roll, 

First Presbyterian Sunday School 

This note is followed later by a visit from the super- 
intendent. 

A pretty form of congratulation is a little homemade 
booklet in which a poem on motherhood is copied, the 
pages being illustrated with pictures of tiny baby faces. 
The cover is decorated with a suitable baby picture. 

On a little card may be pasted a poem suitable for the 
occasion, many of which are to be found in the Cradle 



Congratulations^ 17 



Roll and mothers' magazines of the clay. This is dec- 
orated along the edge with baby faces. The superin- 
tendent writes a little message on the back. 

A copy of some Madonna picture, which may be had 
at very little cost, is another good gift for the new 
mother. 

One superintendent gives to each new mother a 
Baby Record Book. 



IV 

Crable aRoll Si^^i^tmt^ 

The Cradle Roll needs so much personal attention 
that the superintendent requires assistance in caring 
for it. A secretary who takes care of the birthday cards 
and sees that they are delivered on time, and who also 
does certain parts of the clerical work, is a good assist- 
ant. A school girl will take pride in keeping the records 
clear and complete, in preparing birthday cards for 
the superintendent to sign, and in sending out notices, 
invitations and other things of this kind. Perhaps 
an invalid with strength enough to take care of this 
part of the work would be thankful for the opportunity 
of serving in this way. 

Where there is a Home Department connected with 
the school, names of babies may be secured from the 
visitors. Indeed, one set of visitors may be used for 
both departments. 

A visitor or assistant superintendent may be ap- 
pointed whose duty it is to deliver the birthday cards. 
The superintendent and helpers prepare them a month 
in advance and give them to the assistant. 

''Little Mothers," one of the most popular organiza- 
tions of Cradle Roll helpers, is composed of girls from 
the Primary or Junior departments. In some schools 

18 



Cratrle aaoll ^sfgisftantsi 19 

the boys have asked for something to do, so they are 
called ''Little Fathers." "Cradle Roll Brothers" 
and "Cradle Roll Sisters" perform the same duties 
as the "Little Mothers" and "Little Fathers," and so 
do members of the "Cradle Roll Messenger Corps," 
which has been found efficient in so many schools. 

Here is the experience of a superintendent who has 
successfully used "Little Mothers": "As soon as a new 
baby is heard of or is enrolled I appoint a girl from 
the Junior Department as its 'Cradle Roll Mother/ 
She continues to act in this capacity until baby is old 
enough to enter the Beginners Class. She is often the 
person who brings him to Sunday school until he is 
old enough to come by himself, and to any special 
Cradle Roll service or party if the mother is unable to 
attend. Or she accompanies the real mother, sharing 
with her the honors of the day, as well as the care of 
baby. This 'Little Mother' acts as messenger between 
baby and me, delivering messages, birthday cards, 
Cradle Roll paper and invitations to all Cradle Roll 
events. This reduces the expense for postage. Some- 
times there are not 'Little Mothers' enough to go 
around, and then I call on the older girls of the Primary 
Department. When it happens, as it has on several 
occasions, that there is still a shortage, I give the new 
baby, if it is very young, to a 'Little Mother' whose 
charge will soon be graduating. The girls are most 
enthusiastic over their part in the Cradle Roll work; 
it is something they can do, and is helping to fit them 
to take their places in the church later on." 



20 tlTfje Crable l^oH department 

Some of the ways in which these Uttle assistants may 
help: 

Every month they deliver a Cradle Roll paper to the mothers. 

They deliver all invitations to parents and babies. 

They notify the superintendent if baby is sick. 

They often bring an older baby to Sunday school on its birth- 
day, or else bring the birthday offering. 

They meet on week days and make all sorts of pretty little 
things for the babies, valentines, Christmas cards, May baskets, 
Easter cards and such souvenirs. 

Many pray for their babies every day. 

Pretty certificates stating: " is Cradle Roll 

mother to Baby " may be had from the publishing 

houses, or the superintendent may make them. 

A ''Cradle Roll Band" is an organization of girls 
chosen from the Junior Department, and the work 
is much the same as that of the ''Little Mothers." 
One superintendent sent the Band out on a "Baby 
Hunt," and so successful were the girls in rounding 
up the stray babies that within a few weeks they had 
doubled the membership. A business meeting of the 
Band is held once a month, at which time the girls tell 
all about the babies whom they have visited. Each 
girl delivers the Cradle Roll papers to her group, so 
every home is visited at least once a month. 

Some superintendents employ only boys as assist- 
ants. They are organized as a "Cradle Roll Messenger 
Corps. " The members, chosen from the Intermediate 
Department, cheerfully perform any duty to which 
they are assigned. The boys report to the superin- 
tendent at the close of Sunday school each week. 



Crable laoll ^s^gisitantg 21 

Often superintendents, when looking for some one to 
help with the detail work, overlook the most enthusi- 
astic and faithful of assistants, girls from the Inter- 
mediate Department. They work well under the 
direction of an older person, and do much that is done 
by the younger children; help to arrange programs for 
special services, plan unique parties, take charge of the 
decorations, and even care for the babies during the 
hour of morning worship so that the mothers may 
attend the service. And when it comes to making 
gifts and souvenirs for baby, no one can turn out 
nicer-looking trifles than these girls. 

If no superintendent can be found for the Cradle 
Roll, a girls' class may assume full responsibility. 
One girl will act as superintendent, one as enrollment 
secretary, another as birthday secretary, and each of 
the others will have some definite duty to perform. 

In a graded school, a superintendent found in each 
department one person who would act as '' Cradle Roll 
Agent." These agents are supplied with notebooks, 
and in them they record information concerning baby. 
The books are inspected regularly. 

Another class of helpers, taken from among the adults, 
is Division Superintendents, or Visitors. When a 
Cradle Roll numbers more than twenty, more than 
one person is needed to do the visiting. One method 
is to have three assistants ; one each for the one-, two-, 
and three-year-old babies. The superintendent has 
general oversight of the whole Department, looks after 
the records, and with helpers prepares birthday cards 



22 tlTije Crable laoU department 

and such things, but the actual visiting will be done 
by the Division Superintendents. It would be an 
advantage if the teacher of the Beginners Class were 
secured as visitor for the three-year-olds, as an ac- 
quaintance with her future pupils could thus be made 
in the home. 

Another plan calls for four assistants. One quarter 
of the year is assigned to each. The four work together 
at all times, but each quarter the chairman is changed, 
thus distributing the responsibility. The superin- 
tendent is in charge of the clerical work, and oversees 
the whole. Birthday cards, as far as possible, are made 
out a quarter in advance, and given to the proper chair- 
man. She, in turn, assigns to the other three helpers 
some of these cards for delivery. Whenever possible 
the superintendent accompanies the assistant when a 
certificate is to be delivered, so that she may become 
acquainted with the new baby and mother. Every 
quarter something of a social nature is given, the chair- 
man for that quarter being hostess. 

The superintendent may enlist the aid of a number of 
ladies, each of whom agrees to visit five babies during 
the month. Return post cards are helpful in this work. 
One side may read. 

Will you please call on the following babies 

during the month of and report on attached 

card before . Please add any information 

concerning these families you deem advisable for 
me or the pastor to know. 

The reverse side may read, 



Crable iaoU ^^^i^tant^ 23 

As requested, I have called on these babies. 

Date of call 



Remarks: 

Signed- 



The names and addresses are filled in by the superin- 
tendent before mailing the card to the visitors. 

Other plans are to appoint six, ten, twelve or as many 
assistants as may be necessary to cover the territory 
occupied by the church members. This is divided into 
districts, and a visitor put in charge of each. These 
visitors do the same kind of work as the ''Little 
Mothers," only on a larger scale. All invitations, 
papers, birthday cards and such things are delivered 
personally, and the visitor becomes quite well ac- 
quainted with mothers and babies in the course of a 
year. Babies living near together are grouped so as to 
make the work easy. Sometimes only ten babies are 
given to a visitor; when new names are added to the 
roll, new visitors are appointed to look after them. 
A business meeting is held once a month at the home of 
the superintendent or of one of the visitors. As this 
is a business meeting, it should be businesslike and 
opened on time. Open with devotions: a Scripture 
reading and prayer by the superintendent or one of the 
visitors, closing with the little Cradle Roll prayer in 
which all join. Ask each visitor for a report. If this 
is written, better work is apt to be done than where no 



24 tlTbe Crable 3^oU department 

definite statement of what has been accompHshed is 
expected. From these reports the superintendent 
compiles a complete report for the school. A good re- 
port covers the following items: 

How many babies have you in your division? 

How many of these babies have you called on? 

How many mothers in your division? 

How many of these mothers are Christians? 

How many are members of our church? 

How many are members of no church? 

How many calls have you made this month? 

How many new names have you secured? 

How many famihes interested? 

How many lost by death? 

How many transferred to another division? 

How many moved from the city? 

Total number of babies now in your division? 

How many birthday cards delivered? 

How many certificates of membership delivered? 

How much money received this month? 

What are your expenses for the month? 



Jf inancmg tfje Crable i^oll 

There are certain expenses that must necessarily 
be incurred by a Cradle Roll Department. How shall 
these be met? Wherever possible all bills should go 
through the hands of the treasurer of the school. The 
superintendent may then make a contribution to the 
general Sunday-school fund large enough to cover these, 
or as large as she cares to. Thus the cost of the Cradle 
Roll is on record. 

Another way to secure funds is to give the parents an 
opportunity to contribute. It is possible for the 
Cradle Roll Department to be too dependent, and some 
parents object to this. The Cradle Roll work will have 
greater dignit}^ if it is, in part at least, self-sustaining. 
By presenting to the parents a plan of systematic offer- 
ings, their cooperation will undoubtedly be secured. 
Regular offering envelopes are to be had in several de- 
signs. 

Small cradle-shaped banks are sometimes used to 
hold the offerings. These are opened once a year or 
oftener. An annual party to which the babies are 
invited to bring their banks is a good time to open 
them. 

But even where systematic contributions are made, 
25 



26 K\}t Crable 3^011 department 

the expense of the Department may exceed these, so 
other ways of raismg funds must be employed. 

Cradle Roll work is usually popular with the Ladies' 
Aid Society. A part of the regular work meetings may 
be devoted to sewing for children under three years of 
age, and the clothing sold to the mothers at reasonable 
figures, the profit being credited to the Cradle Roll. 

The mothers themselves at their monthly meetings 
may sew quilt blocks or carpet rags to be woven into 
rugs. The sale of these will bring in a nice sum for the 
treasury. 

One superintendent invited the mothers to make a 
freewill offering toward the expense of the Depart- 
ment. Several times during the year a Cradle Roll 
party is given. At the bottom of the invitation is this 
note: ''An opportunity will be given during the after- 
noon to contribute toward our Cradle Roll if you so 
wish." At the close of the program the superintendent 
calls attention to a little cradle-shaped bank standing 
on a table, stating that any who so desire may make an 
offering for the work. It has been the experience of 
this superintendent that the mothers feel better about 
accepting the privileges of the Cradle Roll for their 
children when they can help to defray the expense of 
the work. 

Still another way is to take a special Cradle Roll 
offering at one of the church services, say on Cradle 
Roll Sunday. 

The use of mite boxes is common, one being given to 
baby at the time of enrollment. The Cradle Roll may 



Jfinancing tfje Crable 3^oU 27 

have a special missionary object of its own to which 
these offerings are sent, or may join with the other 
departments in some wgrk. In such a case, it should 
be made plain to the parents that the money is not to be 
used for the work of the Department, but is missionary 
money. 



VI 

g>ecurmg J^eto 0itmbtt^ 

One way for the newly appointed superintendent to 
secure new members is to get from the pastor a Ust of 
the babies of the church famihes. Select as many 
helpers as you think will be sufficient, and invite them 
to meet at your home or some other convenient place. 
Present your Cradle Roll plans as clearly as possible. 
Try to put some of your own enthusiasm into these 
helpers. Then ask for volunteers to visit the mothers. 
Set a definite time in which this work is to be done, and 
arrange for a pubhc service when these new members 
will be welcomed into the membership of the school. 
Provide plenty of application cards for the visitors. 
After canvassing, let the visitors meet again and hand 
in their reports. It is well, on the Sunday before the 
canvass is made, to have the pastor explain publicly 
from tlie pulpit the meaning of the work, and urge the 
parents to enroll the little ones. 

The superintendent may prefer to go before the 
school, telling of the proposed Department, and asking 
help from all, big and little, in securing names of babies 
in the neighborhood. 

Still another method is to provide each teacher with 
application cards, to secure from their pupils the names 

28 



Securing iBteto Mtmhtv^ 29 

of the baby brothers and sisters. The superintendent, 
when the cards are returned to her, visits each child. 

When the Cradle RoH is organized, many are the 
plans whereby the membership may be increased. 
More can be accomplished if a definite number is the 
aim. A membership campaign to last for a definite 
period is one way of reaching every baby in a com- 
munity. Set an aim for the school, such as to double 
the enrollment of the Cradle Roll within a given time. 
Enthusiasm is aroused throughout the different depart- 
ments, and when frequent reports are given as to the 
way in which the membership is growing, interest is 
maintained until the close. 

It is always easy to interest the Primary and Junior 
children in the Cradle Roll. A contest may be carried 
on between the boys and girls of a department, or be- 
tween two departments. Let each side choose a cap- 
tain, to add dignity and importance to the contest. 
Let each side wear a button or knot of ribbon through- 
out the contest. On a long sheet of paper, ruled down 
the center, place the names of everyone bringing a 
name for the Cradle Roll. At the close the superin- 
tendent might give some little entertainment for the 
winners, or for both sides, if they have worked well, 
and have the winners '' guests of honor." 

Once a quarter, or once a year, in every department 
of the school, Cradle Roll work may be emphasized, 
and for a week, or a month, everyone in the whole 
school work for that Department. 

A successful plan used by a superintendent in a 



30 Cfje Crable 3^oU department 

church where many strangers attended was to have a 
rubber stamp which read, 

"Welcome! We are glad to have you here to-day. 
If there is a BABY in your home will you not sign 
this card and hand it to the usher or leave it in the 
rack? 

Cradle Roll Superintendent. 

Several hundred enrollment cards were stamped with 
this message and given to the ushers, with instructions 
to hand them to all strangers. Many names were 
secured in this w^ay, and strangers were made to feel 
that the church had an interest in them, for all signed 
cards were first given the pastor, so that he might know 
about the family. 

Many Cradle Roll Departments depend almost 
entirely upon the children of the Beginners and Primary 
departments to bring in new names. The Cradle Roll 
superintendent is present on Sunday during the open- 
ing service and a few minutes are devoted to the Cradle 
Roll, at which time names are handed in. 

Often the Cradle Roll and Home Department super- 
intendents work together. The one can furnish names 
of eligible members for the Cradle Roll, while the other 
may be able to interest the parents in the Home De- 
partment. 

But what about localities where there are no babies? 
There may be only one or two under three years of 
age in a whole church community. In this event, go 
after one in some distant mission school and enroll it. 
Remember the birthday, and other special occasions. 



Securing i^eto JHemberg 31 

and see if the babies already on the roll cannot be inter- 
ested, through their parents, to contribute toward its 
support. A Uttle Indian, or African, or Chinese or- 
phan on your Cradle Roll makes an interesting member. 

In a graded school where many of the departments 
meet alone for the entire service, the Cradle Roll 
superintendent may arrange with the other superin- 
tendents for a few minutes of either the opening or clos- 
ing sessions. At this time she will display the cradle, 
and give a brief report of the membership and condition 
of the Department, and ask for new names. 

Whatever method may be employed it is well to bear 
in mind that a personal visit by the superintendent 
or assistant as soon as possible after the name has been 
handed in is essential. Personal visitation is what 
counts. And often when visiting the babies the super- 
intendent has opportunity to invite other members of 
the family to attend some department of the school. 
Perhaps the names of all over Cradle Roll age might 
be taken, if the family is not one connected with the 
church, and this list given to the enrollment secretary 
of the school, or to the superintendents of such depart- 
ments as the children properly belong to — they in turn 
looking them up and adding an invitation to that al- 
ready extended by the Cradle Roll superintendent. 



vn 

abbertisiing tfje department 

A good way for the superintendent to advertise this 
Department is by attending all teachers' meetings and 
workers' conferences, and cooperating with the school 
in every way possible. She should know what is going 
on in the school, some of the difficulties under which 
the teachers are laboring, and what new plans are 
under consideration. Thus, when visiting in the 
homes, she can speak more intelligently upon general 
conditions. Then, too, the officers and teachers should 
know about her Department, what has been done in 
the past, what she hopes to bring to pass in the future, 
and in what ways she needs their help. She should be 
prepared to give a definite and businesslike report. 
When the superintendent takes enough interest in the 
school of which her Cradle Roll is a part to do this, then 
is she well advertising the Department. 

An occasional item in the church bulletin is a good way 
of keeping the Cradle Roll before the church members. 
This may be only a quotation bearing on the value of 
the child, or a statistical report of membership, re- 
movals, new members, calls made, parties held, or any- 
thing else of interest. One church prints the pictures 
of all the members on a cover once a year. Another 
gives the names, addresses and birthday of each baby. 

32 



^tJbertiging tfje department 33 

Others print a picture of the Cradle Roll on the cover, 
give information as to the purpose and plan of the work, 
with names of superintendents and assistants, and ask 
that new names be handed to them. 

The church bulletin board is another place where 
Cradle Roll news may be displayed and the Depart- 
ment well advertised. A report of the Department, 
together with names and pictures of such of the babies 
as will have birthdays during the coming week, always 
attracts attention. 

Prepare a report at least quarterly for the school 
secretary to incorporate with that of the school. 

Flower seeds may be given out at Easter time, with 
the request that the recipient cultivate a Cradle Roll 
flower bed, the flowers to be used to decorate the 
church on some special Sunday. 

Cradle Roll pennants and mottoes displayed in the 
Sunday-school auditorium help to keep the Depart- 
ment in mind, and so do wall rolls. These may be 
made in any number of attractive styles. Pictures of 
the babies prominently displayed in church auditoriums, 
vestibules or schoolrooms are one of the very best 
mediums of advertising. Sometimes these are arranged 
in one or more large frames. Often a frieze of them is 
found on the wall of the vestibule, where anyone enter- 
ing the church must see them. 

Frequent parties help to keep the Cradle Roll before 
the parents and friends, and a procession of gocarts 
and baby carriages all moving in one direction on a 
certain day will advertise the Department. 

3 



vm 

3Recorb2( 

Cradle Roll Department records will make valuable 
history in the years to come, and should be as complete 
as possible. 

A complete record should be kept of every baby from 
the date of enrollment to the time of transfer or pro- 
motion. This should give date of birth, age at time of 
enrollment, parents' names, address, telephone number, 
whether parents are members of church or not, and 
date of enrollment and transfer. In addition, a record 
of all remembrances sent baby should be kept, in order 
that no duplicates shall be given. Baby's attendance 
at Sunday school, Cradle Roll parties, special services 
and other occasions may be recorded, and when baby 
is promoted to the Beginners Class a little statement 
showing his record for attendance at all these services 
may^be given with his certificate. 

Some superintendents use a blank book in which to 
record the names and birthdays, using a page for each 
month. Another method is to use two books, one 
arranged alphabetically for the name, address, and 
other information, and a birthday book by which to 
keep track of the birthdays. Where the record book 
is used, it is well to give at least a page to each baby, 

34 



H^ecorbsf 35 



and to note such information concerning baby and 
family as may be of assistance in helping the super- 
intendent to reach them. This is really a baby history 
book, and is used by some superintendents even where 
other records are kept. 

Perhaps the best and most practical of all record-keep- 
ing systems for use in the Cradle Roll Department is 
the card index. The outfit consists of a box and a 
quantity of individual record cards, also a set of monthly 
guide cards. The cards are so arranged that all the 
necessary information may be written in blank spaces, 
while the date of birth is given on the top line. The 
cards are filed behind the monthly guide card, and it is 
a very simple matter each week or month for the super- 
intendent to remove the cards and prepare her birth- 
day remembrances. Another advantage in using a 
card index is that all cards of children not on the active 
roll may be removed and filed in a separate division, 
thus keeping the record up to date. 

The business end of the Department requires some 
attention. The money used for supplies, and the 
supplies which the money represents, belongs to the 
school and should be accounted for. 

Once a quarter the superintendent should prepare 
for the secretary of the school a report of the work 
done in the Cradle Roll Department. This will be 
read publicly. Printed blanks to use for this purpose 
may be obtained from the supply houses, or each school 
may prefer to use a form of its own. A blank used in 
a large school gives the following information : 



36 ^fje Crable d^oW l^epartment 

1. Total number enrolled at beginning of last month. 

2. Number entering school during past month. 

3. Number dropped from roll during past month — also reason. 

4. Number new members enrolled during past month. 

5. Number of visits made during past month. 

6. Number of members and parents visiting school during past 

month. 

7. Number having birthdays, and number paying birthday 

offering. 

These reports form a part of the permanent records 
of the school. 



EX 

Mall aaolte 

A wall roll of the babies should be displayed in the 
Beginners room, so that it may be readily examined by 
anyone. Give it a place of its own, where it may be 
seen from any part of the room. 

In some schools it is customary to remove from the 
roll the names of those who are no longer members. 
Again, the names are left on and removal is marked by 
a symbol of some sort. Gummed stickers may be pur- 
chased for this purpose. A tiny pink rosebud placed 
opposite the name means that the child has graduated 
into the Beginners Class. A little train shows that 
baby has left the community, and a white angel indi- 
cates that baby has gone above. Colored stars are 
also used for the same purpose. A little flag may 
indicate promotion; a tiny bow of white ribbon that 
baby has died, and a star shows that baby has moved 
away. 

Wall rolls in twelve parts, each showing a special 
design appropriate for one month of the year, or twelve 
small cards mounted on a large card, are good. The 
name and birthday of each baby may be written under- 
neath its birth month, or the babies may be listed by 
the day of birth on seven sheets of cardboard, each 
having printed across the top one line of the old poem : 

37 



38 ^fje Ctable i^oH department 

"The child that is bom on the Sabbath Day- 
Is bhthe and bonny and good and gay. 
Monday's child is fair of face, 
Tuesday's child is full of grace, 
Wednesday's child need fear no foe, 
Thursdaj^'s child has far to go. 
Friday's child is loving and giving, 
Saturday's child must work for its living." 

Heart-shaped rolls are always popular. Twelve 
hearts may be outlined on a sheet of cardboard, the 
edges tinted with water colors, and the name of a month 
printed on each; or small hearts, each bearing the 
name of a baby, may be suspended by ribbons from a 
brass curtain rod fastened to the wall of the schoolroom. 
Another good heart idea, capable of development in a 
number of ways, shows a large heart with a border of 
baby faces, either pictures cut from magazines or 
amateur ''snaps" of the Cradle Roll members. The 
names are written on the face of the heart, or on smaller 
hearts suspended from it. 

Still another "heart roll" shows four hearts outlined 
in green on a large sheet of white cardboard. The 
hearts join in the center, thus making a pretty good 
four-leaf clover. In the upper heart is a group of baby 
faces and the words "Cradle Roll." "They were 
bringing unto hini also their babes." Luke 18:15. 
The other three hearts are decorated with baby pictures. 
One contains the names of the babies under a year; 
another those of the two-year-olds, and the third has 
the little three-jx^ar-olds. The names are written on 
slips of gummed paper, and arc easily transferred from 
one section to another. 



Mall atolls; 39 



A more elaborate roll is a double heart, made of 
wood, the two parts being hinged together, the upper 
cut down the center so that it may swing open like a 
pair of doors. The inside heart is covered with small 
paper or cardboard hearts, of two sizes, strung on rib- 
bons. On the larger of these is pasted a picture of a 
baby, with name and date written underneath, and 
on the smaller hearts are shown the name and date 
only. The outside heart is decorated with a spray of 
flowers, and the two doors are fastened with a little 
brass catch. When a new name is to be entered, the 
doors are opened and the children recite, 

"We welcome you with open heart, 
Because we love you so; 
See how the doors will swing apart 
And in your name will go." 

The heart stands on an easel, and when needed for 
a public service can very easily be carried from one 
place to another. This same idea has been copied in 
a much cheaper form by using cardboard hearts and 
fastening with ribbons, and although not so durable 
as the wooden roll, it is very pretty. 

A style quite common is to mount a copy of some good 
painting of Christ and little children in the center of a 
sheet of cardboard, and suspend by ribbons from the 
lower edge small name cards of any desired shape. 
Sometimes a border of baby faces is made around the 
center picture. Or, instead of the big picture, a blank 
space is left in which the names are written. The words 
''Our Cradle Roll" may be printed across the top. 



X 

Wi)t Crable 

The styles and kinds of cradles are about as numerous 
and varied as are the wall rolls. Although the cradle 
ought not to supplant the wall roll, it may be used as a 
supplement to it. Name cards may be tied to the sides. 
These cards may be secured from pubhshers of Sunday- 
school supphes in blue and pink cardboard, with hole 
ready punched in one end, through which a ribbon may 
be run. Or little white cards are suitable, these to be 
tied with white, pink, or blue ribbons. 

The most common style is a white enameled wooden 
cradle, the tops of the corner posts finished in gilt, 
about eighteen inches long by ten inches wide, and 
eleven inches high. A fancy mattress and pillow are 
all the furnishings necessary. Sometimes the name of 
the school and Department are embroidered on the 
pillow or mattress. 

A homemade wooden cradle may be the work of a 
boy who wants to be useful. Little rockers are some- 
times added to a grape basket, and the cradle trimmed 
in a pretty manner. 

"Lullaby Cradles" large enough to hold a baby are 
growing in popularity. With them the pretty ''rock- 
ing service" used when a new baby is entered is carried 
out. Ribbons are fastened to the four corners, and 

40 



^\}t Crable 41 



when in use during a service four children hold the 
ribbons and gently sway the cradle as the welcome song 
is sung. 

In some schools the only cradle used is a cradle- 
shaped bank. This is to hold the birthday offering of 
the babies. 

As the cradle is the emblem of the Department, care 
must be taken of it, so that it be kept fresh and dainty. 
The ribbons and furnishings have to be renewed oc- 
casionally and everything freshened up. In the room 
where the Cradle Roll exercises are held a table should 
be provided for the cradle, and this covered with a 
pretty cloth, either matching in color the hning of the 
cradle or else pure white. A box in which to keep the 
cradle between Sundays is also necessary. 



XI 

Bis^plaping tfje JBafip's; picture 

A plan which is growing in popularity is to display 
photographs of the babies. Many parents will be 
glad to give a picture, or the visitor may take her 
camera along and get a snap of baby. Often a photog- 
rapher will take a picture of baby for the Cradle Roll 
display free of charge; or he may make special rates 
on baby pictures, one copy to be furnished free to the 
superintendent. Again, he may agree to supply a 
certain kind of picture to all babies so that there will 
be uniformity in the photographs. 

One good picture display shows the photographs 
mounted on a large card, grouped around a beautiful 
print of Christ and little children. Underneath, in 
fine lettering, is the text, ''He will gather the lambs in 
his arm, and carry them in his bosom." Across the 
top are the words, "It is not the will of your Father 
who is in heaven, that one of these httle ones should 
perish." 

A group picture of the babies may be taken once a 
year at a party, or a picture of the graduates only. 
These may be framed and hung on the wall of the 
schoolroom. 

A pretty display in a Beginners room shows a mold- 
ing running entirely around the room, about four feet 

42 



Bisfplapms tije J$ahf& ^Picture 43 

from the floor. From this are hung pictures, and the 
Hke, pertaining to the work of the Department. Above 
the molding is a border of roses— just wall paper hav- 
ing a pretty rose design in dehcate shades of pink. 
In the center of each rose is pasted the picture of a 
baby on the Cradle Roll, with name and age written 
beside it. 

An ordinary hoop, covered with a tightly stretched 
piece of black sateen, makes a very good background 
for displaying pictures, and so does a discarded banner, 
when covered with some pretty material. 



xn 

3Rememljermg Jiirtfjtrapjf 

The attention shown the baby at special seasons, 
such as Christmas and Easter, will be appreciated by 
the child's parents, but when baby is given a letter or 
card on the birthday, the Cradle Roll has indeed won a 
place in their hearts. 

There are on the market a number of birthday cards 
for the Cradle Roll Department, and these usually run 
in a series for one-, two-, and three-year-old children. 
Whatever style you select, let it be the best you can 
afford. Notice the sentiment on each, and get some- 
thing that is appropriate. 

It is not the value of the card which makes some 
more precious than others, but the personal message 
which the superintendent adds. If, instead of circu- 
larizing the Cradle Roll by simply sending a printed 
card, no matter how pretty, the superintendent adds 
a Uttle message, it will Hft the card out of the everyday 
into the special, individual class. The pastor may 
sign the card, in addition to the superintendent, and 
also add a message. Where the cards are to be 
deUvered by messenger, one, two, or three little gilt 
or colored stars may be placed, instead of a stamp, in 
the corner of the envelope, to designate the number of 
years; or tie a flower to the card. 

44 



^Remembering Pittfjbapsi 45 

A birthda}^ record of some sort is necessary. A 
plain blank book may be used, giving one or more 
pages to each month, baby's name and birthday being 
entered under the proper heading. Record books 
may be purchased from any of the supply houses ready 
ruled. A card index is good. These also may be had 
in several styles. Great harm may be done through 
overlooking the birthdays. Be very careful to have 
every card delivered on time. One received several 
days late is hke a warmed-over dinner: it has lost its 
savor. The safe and sure way to avoid such an oc- 
currence is to prepare the cards a week or a month in 
advance. On a calendar mark the day on which they 
are to be sent. 

Instead of stamping the card so long in advance of 
mailing, some superintendents prefer to prepare them 
on the first day of the month, and in the stamp corner 
write the date of the birthday. These are arranged 
according to the dates, and the day before the birthday 
the stamp is affixed and the card mailed. 

A nttle rebus or form letter, which is varied slightly 
to suit the individual child, may be used. This is 
written on dainty note paper, decorated with tiny baby 
faces. For the first birthday one wee head is used; 
for the second, two of a slightly older child, and for 
the third, three pictures of a child of about that age. 
The envelope is sealed with one or more pictures to 
correspond with those used on the letter. 

Some superintendents prefer to make their own birth- 
day cards. A card decorated with a cut-out picture 



46 tE\}t Crable 3^0X1 department 

appropriate to the birth month, and underneath a 
birthday wish, is good. 

A pleasing custom is to give to each baby, with its 
card, a tiny potted plant. These maj^ be purchased 
from a florist, but some superintendents prefer to raise 
their own. A geranium is a good gift for a winter 
baby, and a pansy for the summer baby. 

A pretty way of celebrating the birthday, where the 
superintendent is able to do so, is to take mother and 
baby for a drive. The drive may be made in a carriage 
or in an automobile. 

Baby should always be invited to attend Sunday 
school on the Sunday nearest its birthday, when the 
birthday song is sung in its honor and the birthday 
prayer offered. 

A service used when baby is not present, but is rep- 
resented by a ''Little Helper" — whether it be of a 
Little Mother, Father, Sister, or Brother, according 
to the name by which this Band is known — is for this 
'' Little Helper " to drop into the birthday bank the cor- 
rect number of pennies, and then, at a chord from the 
piano, all the other children rise and sing a verse of a 
birthday song. While the heads are bowed the children 
repeat — 

"We thank thee, heavenly Father, 

For all thy loving care 
That thou hast given Mary 

At home, and everywhere. 
For years thou hast guarded her 

At home, asleep, at play, 
Oh, Father, bless and care for her 

On this, and every day." 



l^emembering J^ixtf)tiap^ 47 

Then the superintendent asks, ''What shall we say- 
to Baby Mary?" The children reply, ''We hope she 
will have many happy birthdays." 

Not infrequently superintendents give birthday 
parties to the little ones — perhaps these may be held 
once a month for all the babies born in that month; 
sometimes once a quarter is as often as the little ones 
can be brought together. An annual birthday party 
to which all the babies come is another way. Twelve 
ladies assist the superintendent, each providing a tiny 
souvenir, some refreshments, and a number for the 
program appropriate to their month. As the babies 
arrive they are escorted to their proper place, where 
they meet all the other babies born in the same month. 
Or, instead of having twelve groups, it may be called 
a Day Party, and the babies grouped according to the 
day of their birth. 

A birthday secretary may be of great assistance to 
the superintendent. She will keep track of all the 
birthdays, the kind of remembrances sent, and prepare 
all cards for the superintendent to sign. Before the 
third birthday she will notify the superintendent, so 
that a personal note of invitation to join the Beginners 
Class may be sent, or a call made upon baby. 



XIII 

Crable JRoU ilelcome 

When a new member is entered on the Cradle Roll 
the event should be marked by some public recognition. 
This recognition, or enrollment service, usually takes 
place in the Beginners or Primary room, and may con- 
sist of four parts: song, welcome, charge to older chil- 
dren to care for this new baby, and prayer. If the 
Cradle Roll superintendent is present each Sunday, she 
will conduct this part of the service. In her absence 
the regular Department superintendent will do it. 
The child who has brought the enrollment card brings 
it forward, or, where the names are secured in other 
ways, the superintendent announces that a baby is to 
be welcomed. Sometimes the name is read, the chil- 
dren repeating it several times so that they may be- 
come familiar with it. Then they stand and sing: 

"There are blessings from God all about us; 
' We should thank him for gifts large and small, 
But his gift of a dear little baby, 
Needs the very best thank you of all. 
Bye-lo, bye-lo, bye-lo, bye-lo-bye." 

— From " Carols," published by the Leyda Publishing Company, 
Chicago. 

The familiar welcome song of Julia Johnston is popu- 
lar, and is sung to the tune '' Little Drops of Water." 
This follows the lullaby: 

48 



Crable a^oll Welcome 49 

"Welcome, precious baby, 

To our Cradle Roll; 

Here a place is waiting 

For each tiny soul. 

"On the earth our Saviour 
Little children blessed; 
In his arms he took them — 
Held them to his breast. 

"Still he calls them to him, 
No one is too small, 
For the tender Shepherd 
Loves and wants us all." 

When the baby is a boy, then to the boys is given the 
charge to care for it, and they repeat in concert this 
Uttle prayer; 

"Heavenly Father, bless this baby, 

Guide his tender little feet; 

May w^e older boys all help him 

To grow gentle, kind and sweet. Amen." 

If the baby is a girl, then the girls are charged with 
its care, and the pronouns changed. 

At the close a prayer is offered for this new baby and 
all the others on the Cradle Roll: 

"Bless all our Cradle Babies, 

Wherever they may be; 
Although in homes so scattered, 

Thou everyone dost see. 
We love them, and thou lovest them, 

Oh, may they grow to be 
A band of little Christians, 

Obedient, Lord, to thee. Amen." 

Frequently the Httle cradle is used in connection 
with the enrollment service. Sometimes a small 



50 ^fje Crable ^^oU department 

cradle to be used for just this purpose is provided, and 
then it is trimmed with bows of pink ribbon. The 
card bearing the name of the new member is placed in 
the cradle, and the children say, 

"Little cradle, do you think, 
With your pretty bows of pink 
You can faithful be, and true, 
To this name we trust to you? 

"As we place it gently there 
We wdll breathe a loving prayer, 
That this little baby face 
In our school may find a place." 

This is instead of the charge to the boys or girls. Where 
there is room the children may gather around the cradle, 
and at the second verse kneel and offer it as a prayer. 

A very simple service is to place the name card in 
the cradle while the children sing a song and repeat a 
little Cradle Roll prayer. 

A welcome service in which the baby is placed in the 
cradle is good. While the welcome is sung and prayer 
offered, the cradle is gently swung back and forth by 
four little ones who hold ribbons fastened to the corners. 

When no new name is added to the roll, the fellow- 
ship service should each Sunday include some reference 
to the Cradle Roll. This keeps the Department before 
the children. Sometimes a lullaby is sung and a prayer 
offered. 

When a baby is to be welcomed, the parents and 
friends are invited to be present during the service, 
and where baby is brought, a little card, flower or other 
souvenir is given it. 



XIV 

Wbt Crable 3RoU Clasps; or Mm^txp 

In some schools a room is provided where the Cradle 
Roll can assemble, just as the other departments 
assemble. On the wall are displayed the roll and pictures 
of the babies, Cradle Roll pennants and banners, or 
mottoes. A bright sunny room is preferable. The 
room should be well ventilated and easy to heat in cold 
weather. A low table of some kind and tiny chairs 
are almost a necessity. A shallow sand tray around 
which a number can sit is very good, or the regular 
kindergarten table may be used. Blackboard cloth 
will easily convert a homemade table into a blackboard, 
and the little ones enjoy sitting or kneeling around this 
and marking on it with crayon. Clean, light-colored 
rag rugs are useful to spread in front of the table for 
the little ones to kneel on. 

A Cradle Roll classroom is intended as a place where 
the little ones may really be instructed as well as 
amused. The teacher, who may be the superintendent, 
or one of the mothers, will tell a story of God's love 
and care in the simplest language. To those who are 
unfamiliar with the workings of the mind of a child 
under three years of age it may seem useless to try to 
teach them anything. But they remember the nursery 
rhymes and simple stories which are told them in the 

51 



52 ^\)t Crable laoU department 

home, and can absorb a Bible story also — more perhaps 
than we realize. A verse of one or two simple songs, 
such as "God is Love" and "Jesus loves me," may be 
sung each Sunday, and repeated several times during a 
single session. Do not try to introduce too many songs; 
few of the little ones can carry a tune, and it is better 
for them to have one or two songs which will always be 
associated with this class than a number of which they 
know only a few words. 

Toys of various kinds have a place: blocks, pictures 
and wooden animals which may be used to illustrate 
the stories are suitable, and it is well to select each with 
a view to using it for such a purpose. 

A large room in which the mothers meet in one end 
while the little folks are in the other, a screen or cur- 
tain separating the two classes, is a good arrangement. 
The mothers have their own lesson, and their minds are 
easy because they know the little ones are close by; 
and for the same reason the little ones are more con- 
tented to remain at their table, knowing that mother 
is very near. 

The little ones may meet with the Beginners for the 
opening service, and then retire behind a screen or 
curtain in a corner of the room for their story. The 
leaves of the screen on the side nearest the Cradle 
Roll class may be covered with bright pictures, covers 
taken from magazines or the lesson pictures used in 
other departments. 

Another plan, where there is no separate room, is 
for the mothers to meet in the Beginners room for the 



Wi)t Crable l^oll €laii or i^ursferp 53 

opening service, but taking no part in any of the exer- 
cises. By watching the teachers they learn the songs 
and exercises, and are able to go over them at home 
with the little ones. When the children go to their 
screened corner the mothers retire to another corner, 
where they study the lesson for the day, under the 
leadership of one of their own number or of a regularly 
appointed teacher. 

Successful work is being done in the one-room school. 
A corner near the Bible class, if possible, is chosen for 
the children, so that any disturbance which they may 
create will not be noticed so much as though they were 
near some of the younger pupils. A sand tray may be 
used here if there is room, stories told, and a little quiet 
play work introduced. 

An offering is taken in these classes, and sometimes 
the teacher will provide a Ught lunch of crackers and a 
drink of cool water toward the close of the hour. 

A Cradle Roll class makes for more intelligent co- 
operation between home and school, and through the 
little child parents are often brought back into active 
church work. 

A Cradle Roll nursery differs from a Cradle Roll 
class in that it cares for even the tiny babies, and is 
intended to interest rather than to instruct. It is 
arranged chiefly for the benefit of mothers who cannot 
leave their little ones at home, and must either bring 
them to church and Sunday school or themselves re- 
main away. Sometimes the nursery is open during 
the Sunday-school hour; again it is open only at the 



54 ^i)t Crable 3iaoU department 

time of morning worship. The superintendent and 
one or more assistants are usually in charge, although 
the mothers themselves may take turns in looking 
after it. The membership is divided, and each one is 
asked to serve one or more Sundays during the year. 
Not infrequently a class of young women will become 
responsible for this nursery when it is held at the hour 
of church service, and they, in groups of two or more, 
will be present on Sunday morning. Unless the num- 
ber of babies in the nursery is large, it is better not to 
have too many assistants. The helpers usually pro- 
vide crackers or plain cookies for the older children, 
but the baby's milk and water bottles are brought by 
the mother. A small alcohol lamp on which the milk 
may be heated should be a part of the equipment. 
Some mothers put aside little toys which are to be used 
only on Sunday in the Cradle Roll nursery. Some- 
times a group of the older babies, two or three years 
old, may be taken off into a corner by one of the assist- 
ants and told a story. 

The Cradle Roll nursery is intended for the little 
ones under three or four years of age. Older children 
ought to be placed in a Sunday kindergarten or Begin- 
ners Class. 

Where there is no nursery, and the mother must hold 
her baby during the hour of service, if she attends at 
all, why not see to it that she is made as comfortable as 
possible? A small rocking-chair and footstool in the 
back of the auditorium would be inconspicuous, and a 
mother can hold a sleeping child and enjoy the service 



tlTfje Crable aaoU €la^^ or ^ux^tt^ 55 

much more when comfortable physically than when 
compelled to sit upright in a church pew. 

Where there is no nursery or Cradle Roll class, the 
mothers may meet and form a "Mother and Baby" 
class. The mothers bring the little ones, but instead 
of its being an occasion where baby is entertained or 
taught, mother looking on, it is mother who is the pupil. 
A description of one such class may be interesting. A 
number of young mothers, all of whom had at some time 
been active in Sunday-school work, agreed that if a 
certain room off to one side of the auditorium, but 
connected by folding doors, would be given them for a 
classroom, they would organize, elect officers and a 
teacher, and attend Sunday school. They were given 
the room, and small rocking-chairs were provided. 
Small chairs to be used by the httle ones old enough 
to sit on them, but too small or too shy to go into the 
Beginners Class, were also provided. Screens were 
so arranged that if the mother preferred, she might 
rock her babe in privacy. The class united with the 
school in the opening service, but not in the closing. 
That time was spent, behind closed doors, in preparing 
the httle ones for the street. Once a month a social 
was held to which the fathers were invited, and from 
this sprang a men's class. 



XV 

Mfjen tfje ©eatfj Sngel Contest 

Sometimes when a little one is taken away, the only 
Christian woman to whom bereaved parents can turn 
for sympathy and help is the Cradle Roll superintend- 
ent. How important and necessar}^, then, that the 
superintendent be in such close touch with each home 
that she knows where there is sickness and when death 
enters. 

The superintendent will attend the funeral, and as 
many of the Cradle Roll mothers as possible will repre- 
sent the Department, and in this way express their 
sympathy. Flowers may be sent in the name of the 
Cradle Roll, and the little name card may be removed 
from the cradle and tied to them. Birthdaj^ offerings 
are occasionally used to buy flowers for this purpose, 
or the Sunday school may pay for them, as for any other 
expense. On the Sunday following the superintendent 
should see that the pulpit flowers are sent to the home. 

Special wall rolls on which to inscribe the names of 
those on the ''Heavenly Roll" are often used. An 
appropriate roll shows a picture of Christ with a little 
child in his arms, mounted on a white card. The words 
''Jesus said, 'Suffer Httle children to come unto me,'" 
are printed underneath, and, suspended from this, on 
narrow satin ribbon runners, are little cards, each deco- 

56 



Hfien tfje BeatJj ^ngel Comesf 57 

rated with an angel face and the name and date of 
birth and death of a baby. 

Where the names are left on a continuous roll, a 
tiny bow of white satin ribbon pinned above the name 
indicates that the baby has gone above, or a little 
cherub seal is pasted opposite the name. 

Little letters and illustrated folders to send to the 
parents may be had from the Sunday-school supply 
houses, or the superintendent may write a message of 
her ow^n. 

If the superintendent so desires, reference to the 
death may be made the following Sunday, by stating 
that Jesus has called a little one to be with him in 
heaven. This is followed by the transfer of the name 
from one roll to the other. The children repeat, ''Suf- 
fer the little children to come unto me, and for- 
bid them not: for to such belongeth the kingdom of 
God." One of the teachers, or some one selected for 
the purpose, sings a verse of ''Safe in the Arms of 
Jesus," and then the superintendent reads the follow- 
ing verses from her Bible: "And God himself shall be 
with them." "They shall hunger no more, neither 
thirst any more." "For the Lamb that is in the midst 
of the throne shall be their shepherd, and shall guide 
them unto fountains of waters of life," and closes with 
the httle prayer, substituting the correct pronoun: 



"Fold her, O Father, in thine arms, 
And let her henceforth be 
A messenger of love between 
Our human hearts and thee." 



58 ^fje Crablc 3^oU department 

The little cradle may be trimmed with white flowers, 
which may afterward be taken to the home, or to the 
cemetery and placed upon the grave. 

There is nothing sad or gloomy about this service, 
and its use may dispel some of the wrong impressions 
which children have of death. 



XVI 

tCranfifferrins a Crable J^oll Jlember 

The work of a Cradle Roll superintendent ought not 
to end when a baby leaves the neighborhood. It 
should be her duty to keep track of baby until he is 
entered on some other roll. A good way of holding the 
baby is to communicate with the pastor of the nearest 
church of the denomination, asking him to call upon 
the strangers, and also to have the Cradle Roll superin- 
tendent secure baby's name. If there is no church 
of the denomination in the immediate vicinity, but 
one of another is close at hand, it would not be dis- 
loyalty to inform the pastor of the neighboring church. 
Where there is a Graded Elementary Union in the city, 
with the Cradle Roll superintendents in one division, 
the name of the nearest superintendent may be ob- 
tained, and she may be notified of the new member 
ready to be transferred to her roll. 

Until the superintendent knows that baby is on an- 
other roll, the name should remain with her. As soon 
as the parents, or superintendent, of the other school 
notify her that baby is enrolled elsewhere, the name 
should be dropped from her list of active members. 

A separate roll for those who have left the school 
may be used. At the top of a sheet of cardboard 
mount the picture of a train, and underneath write the 

59 



60 tKfje Crable ^aoU department 

names. This gives a complete record of all babies 
who have left the community. A note is made on the 
record card, or in the book, of the circumstances inci- 
dental to the removal of the name, and the card is 
filed away. 

The County Elementary Superintendent may assist 
in placing baby's name on a Cradle Roll in a new lo- 
cality. If she is notified that the family is in a certain 
town, she in turn can communicate with a Cradle Roll 
superintendent there. 

Transfer cards to give baby when leaving, and to be 
presented to the superintendent of the new school, 
may be bought from the supply houses, or the school 
may have a special design of its own. The greatest 
value which lies in these cards is that the parents will 
be less apt to neglect having baby entered in a new 
school where they have such a reminder. 



xvn 

promotion ©a|> 

This is, or should be, a great day for the baby as 
well as for the Department. A public program may 
be arranged, either to be given before the entire school 
or during the hour of morning worship. In many 
schools a regular Promotion Day is held the last Sun- 
day in September when pupils from each grade and 
department graduate and enter the next higher. Where 
this is done, the Cradle Roll comes first on the program, 
and a short, simple exercise that conforms with the 
rest of the service is sufficient. Where there is no 
regular Promotion Day, the babies may have their 
graduation service in connection with some other public 
event. It may be part of the Children's Day program, 
or of Rally Day, or the chief number of the Cradle Roll 
Sunday service. Whenever the promotion occurs, let 
it be given prominence, for this is an important event 
in the life of baby. He may have been attending Sun- 
day school more or less regularly for some months 
previous, but this marks his public entrance into the 
active life of the school. In some schools it is a rule to 
promote baby when three years of age; in others the 
little ones are kept on the roll until the fourth birthday 
is passed. 

A certificate, the second which he has received during 
61 



62 ^f)t Ctable laoU department 

his short Ufe, is given. The first, the certificate of 
membership, indicated his entrance into Sunday school, 
and this, his promotion into the Beginners Department. 
The certificates are rolled and tied with ribbon, the 
name being written lightly in pencil on the outside, or 
a tiny card bearing the name may be tied on with the 
bow. A flower run through the ribbon band adds to 
its attractiveness. Some superintendents make much 
of the promotion of each "class," and the little ones 
each succeeding year have their own ''class" color 
and flower. Where this is done, the certificates are 
tied with the class colors. At other times pink ribbon 
is used for the boys and blue for the girls. Again, 
some superintendents prefer to have everything white, 
and others use the elementary colors, green and white. 

In order to have the children present on Promotion 
Day they must be invited to come. Sunday-school 
supply houses ofl'er printed invitations which are at- 
tractive and quite inexpensive. Some superintendents, 
however, prefer to write a personal note. Others 
make it a point to visit baby, and invite him and his 
parents to be present. It is a good plan for the teacher 
of the' class into which the little one will enter to ac- 
company the superintendent on this occasion, and so 
become acquainted with her new charge. 

Invitations to join the Beginners Department may 
be sent at this time. These are printed or written on 
little cards or folders, and sometimes decorated with 
pictures of children three or four years old. The 
pictures are prettier when touched up with water colors, 



promotion Bap 63 



and the messages may read something like the follow- 
ing: 

"Dear little friend: This little girl is four years old, 
and she goes to Sunday school every week. You 
are four years old, and wouldn't you like to be in 
our Beginners Class?" 

"Good-morning, Little Cradle Roll Girl! How 
would 3'ou like to be a Beginner now that you are 
so big and strong? Won't you come to our Sunday 
school and try it?" 

As a part of the exercise, the wall roll may be placed 
upon a table or chair, where it can be reached by the 
children, and as each name is called the little fingers 
may be guided to the place where the owner's name card 
is inserted, that he may remove it. The card is to be 
taken home as a souvenir, or given to the new teacher. 
Or, as the names are called, an assistant may remove the 
cards and hand them to the children. 

If it is customary to leave the names on the wall roll, 
a tiny pink rosebud seal, the emblem of the Beginners 
Class, or a gold star, pasted opposite the name, will 
indicate that baby is no longer a member of the Cradle 
Roll but of the Beginners Class. 

It is a pleasing and profitable custom to have each 
of the graduates secure a new member to take the place 
vacated. When this is done, the certificate may have 
the words, ''Promoted with Honor," inserted. An- 
other way is to have a gold seal placed upon the cer- 
tificate, or the ribbons for tying may be of a special 
color. 

When the time arrives for promoting the little ones. 



64 ZEfje Crable I^oll department 

the question asked the superintendent is, ''What part 
can the babies take in such a service?" A charming 
promotion service in which the httle ones may have a 
part, yet say nothing, and which may be carried out 
with any number of children, is this: 

The Beginners teacher and Cradle Roll superin- 
tendent work together. From the Beginners Class 
select as many children as there are little graduates, 
and have the same number of big boys as little boys, 
and a big girl for each little girl. The Beginners, with 
their teacher, each wearing a pink rosebud, the emblem 
of their Department, and holding a similar blossom in 
the left hand, take their place on one side of the plat- 
form. Up the steps and across the platform will come 
the Cradle Roll superintendent, followed by the little 
graduates. They form a semicircle, and the pastor, 
or superintendent, with a few appropriate words, pre- 
sents the certificates. The Cradle Roll superintendent 
turns to the group of Beginners, and, addressing the 
teacher, says: ''These are our little Cradle Roll gradu- 
ates, who are now old enough to attend Sunday school 
regularly. Have you a place for them in your class?" 
The Beginners teacher replies: "Yes, we have room for 
them and many more, and as Jesus said to let the little 
ones come unto him, so in his name we bid them wel- 
come. Shall we not, little Beginners ? " (turning to the 
group beside her). The Beginners in chorus reply: 
"Yes, Suffer the little children to come unto me. 
These are the words of our Saviour, spoken to such as 
these." The Cradle Roll superintendent, turning to 



promotion Bap 65 



her little flock, says: "Dear little ones, the time has 
come when you are no longer members of the Cradle 
Roll, but are ready to take your place with these other 
children. Do you want to become Beginners, and 
attend Sunday school each Sunday, to learn to sing 
pretty songs, and to hear beautiful stories about God 
and the dear Lord Jesus?" The little ones signify their 
willingness either by saying "Yes" or by a simple nod 
of the head. Turning to the other teacher, the super- 
intendent says: "Here they are. Train them for 
Jesus, lead them in the way wherein their little feet 
should walk, and may you be faithful to the great trust 
that is now laid upon you." The teacher steps to 
one side, and the Beginners come forward, each taking 
a place beside one of the smaller children, and holding 
him by the hand. The teacher says, "As you are to 
be little Beginners, you must have the emblem of our 
class, to show that you belong to us." At this the Be- 
ginners place a rosebud in the hand of each new mem- 
ber, and then, hand in hand, the little ones march off 
the platform, following the teacher, who leads them to 
seats reserved among the Beginners. 

A march of the graduates is an easy thing to arrange. 
After the Cradle Roll song and prayer the members 
of the Cradle Roll follow the superintendent across the 
front of the church, down one aisle, across the back of 
the auditorium, and up another aisle to the platform. 
The superintendent, or an assistant, will carry the little 
cradle, and in this may be placed the certificates. The 
leader may have in each hand the end of a long streamer 
5 



66 tlTbe Crable i^oU department 

of ribbon or cheesecloth (half a width), and the other 
ends may be held by a helper. The children march 
in line between the two streamers, holding on to either 
side. As they reach the platform the streamers are 
dropped, and they stand in a semicircle, while the 
superintendent explains that now they are about to 
leave the Cradle Roll and become members of the next 
Department of the school, the Beginners. Certificates 
are presented, and the Beginners teacher escorts them 
to special seats among the group of Beginners. 

A more elaborate service might be called ''The 
Open Gate.'^ A small fence about two feet high is 
placed midway across the platform. A gate, hung on 
hinges so that it swings easily, is set in the middle. 
The gate is held together with ribbon ties. Sometimes 
the fence is painted white; again it is trimmed with 
flowers, vines or ferns. A little boy and girl from the 
Beginners Department, each carrying a basket of flow- 
ers or of smaller baskets, take their place at the gate on 
the outside, or side nearest the audience. The little 
baskets, if they are used, are filled with tiny white 
flowers or pink rosebuds, and a bow of ribbon or tulle 
is tied' to the handle of each. While a march is being 
played, the graduates come in from an anteroom and 
take their place on the platform, back of the fence. 
An older child recites: 

"Open the gates for the dear little feet, 
Coming to enter our Bible school class; 
Out of the years of their babyhood sweet 

Now through the portals of childhood they pass. 
Open the gates and welcome them in, 
Welcome the Cradle Roll band." 



promotion Bap 67 



The two Beginners open the gate, and, as the children 
pass through, each is handed a flower or one of the small 
baskets. The superintendent gives the certificates and 
presents the little ones to the Beginners teacher, who 
leads them off the platform to seats in the new class. 

The little fence used in so many promotion services 
may be a strong wooden affair made by a carpenter, or 
something less expensive will serve as a substitute. 
Some of the boys in the older classes would doubtless 
be glad to make it. One superintendent made her own 
by using two long strips of wood, wound with white 
crepe paper, attached to two steady upright pieces, 
which formed the gateway. The other ends were 
fastened to the back of pulpit and desk. The pickets 
were strips of white paper tacked to the cross-bars. 
This made a pretty, but frail, fence. Another used 
two old panel picture frames for gates, tying them to 
the posts with ribbon hinges. 

Just before Promotion Day is a good time to have a 
Cradle Roll party — one given in honor of the little 
graduates about to leave the Department. Sometimes 
only the graduates are invited; again, they are the 
guests of honor. At these parties the picture of the 
group of graduates may be taken, and where this is 
done each year, and each picture framed and hung on 
the walls of the schoolroom, or mounted in a scrap- 
book, it makes a pleasing record of the number who 
have graduated from the Cradle Roll Department. 

A delightful custom is to have, in connection with the 
promotion service, an alumni march, in which all the 



68 tlTfje Crable l^oll department 

members of the school who have ever been on the 
Cradle Roll take part. Where the Department has 
been organized for years, young men and women will 
take their places with the little ones "just past three." 
Let each "class" be represented, the members carrying 
white pennants with the year of promotion painted 
under the words "CRADLE ROLL." After the little 
graduates are presented with their certificates they are 
joined by the others, according to the year of their 
promotion, and then the whole procession, led by the 
three-year-olds, marches off the platform. 



xvni 

Crable 3Ron Bap 

One of the requirements in the ''Cradle Roll Aims and 
Methods" is that an annual Cradle Roll Day be ob- 
served. This usually forms a portion of the opening or 
closing service in Sunday school, or may be held during 
the hour of morning worship. The choir will sing 
appropriate music; the pastor preach a special sermon 
to the parents, and a demonstration of Cradle Roll 
work be given. In some schools the babies are invited 
to be present the last Sunday of each quarter in the 
Beginners or Primary room, where a short welcome 
service is held. In addition, the Cradle Roll usually 
has a place on the program of all special days. 

Thie parents should receive a cordial invitation to 
attend and bring baby, and special seats may be re- 
served for them. If possible, arrange to have auto- 
mobiles go after the babies, and so make sure of their 
being present. 

A good exercise to use in connection with the service 
is the Cradle Roll catechism. The superintendent is 
assisted by ten young girls, who form a semicircle 
around the cradle, which stands on the platform. To 
the sides are attached ribbons, one of which is held by 

69 



70 ^fje Crable B^oll department 

each girl. A Cradle Roll welcome song is sung, and 
then the following questions asked: 

Superintendent. — What is the Cradle Roll? 

First Girl. — A Department of the Sunday school for the babies 
who are too small to attend the services. We put their names 
on the roll, and then, when they are three 3'ears old, bring 
them into the Beginners Class. 

Superintendent. — Whom do we enroll? 

Second. — Any baby in the neighborhood under three (or four) 
years of age who is not already on some other roll, provided 
the parents will allow us to. 

Superintendent. — Do we ever try to get the babies away from 
other schools or other denominations? 

Third. — No, but where the parents do not attend any other 
church, or where there is no Cradle Roll connected with their 
Sunday school, then, if they will consent to it, we enroll them 
on ours. 

Superintendent. — How many babies have we on our roll at the 
present time? 

Fourth. . During the past year have been promoted 

to the Beginners Class, have moved away, died, so 

altogether we have had . 

Superintendent. — Are there many babies enrolled on Cradle Rolls 
throughout the world? 

Fifth. — Yes, there are a great many — over a million. 

"Have you heard of the host from Baby land, 

Marching up to the battle with sin? 
How their lines reach out from shore to shore 

In the cause they would help us to win? 
Their names are writ on our Cradle Rolls, 

And we list to the music made 
By the prattling sweet, and the pattering feet 

Of the Uttle 'Pink Toe Brigade.'" 

Superintendent. — What kinds of babies do we want on the roll? 



Crable 3^oU Bap 71 



Sixth. — 

"Babies short, and babies tall, 
Babies big, and babies small. 
Blue-eyed babies, babies fair. 
Brown-eyed babies, with lots of hair. 
Babies so tiny they can't sit up, 
Babies that drink from a silver cup. 
Babies that coo, babies that creep, 
Babies that only can eat and sleep. 
Babies that laugh, and babies that talk, 
Babies quite big enough to walk." 

Superintendent. — What do we look for as the result of the influ- 
ences of the Cradle Roll upon the homes and community? 

Seventh. — 

"Before this brigade of sweet innocents 
Old Evil can never stand; 
And who shall number the lost led back 

By the clasp of a baby's hand? 
Their names are writ on our Cradle Rolls, 

And our Bible schools find aid, 
And consecration, and inspiration 
In the Uttle 'Pink Toe Brigade.' " 

Superintendent. — Are any babies too young or too small to be- 
come members of the Cradle Roll? 

Eighth. — 

"In a tiny cradle, curtained round with white, 
Lies a darhng baby, dainty, sweet and bright; 
Claim him now for Jesus, through the Cradle Roll, 
Then, when older, bring him to our Sunday school." 

Superintendent. — Why do we have a Cradle Roll? 

Ninth. — Because Jesus took them, the little children, in his arms, 
put his hands upon them, and blessed them. 

(The girls all sing, very softly.) 
"I think, when I read that sweet story of old. 
When Jesus was here among men; 
How he called little children as lambs to his fold, 
I should like to have been with them then." 

Superintendent. — Wliat is our real reason for having a Cradle 
Roll? 



72 ^fje Crable 3^0X1 department 

Tenth. — Because the Bible says: "And they were bringing unto 
him also their babes, that he should touch them: but when 
the disciples saw it, they rebuked them. But Jesus called 
them unto him, saying, Suffer the little children to come unto 
me, and forbid them not: for to such belongeth the kingdom 
of God." 

With bowed heads the girls repeat: 

"Heavenly Father, hear our prayer; 
Keep within thy constant care 
These dear babies thou hast sent, 
To their loving parents lent. 
To be taught and trained for you. 
May our school its mission do, 
Love and pray for, guard them, too." 

This service may be followed by roll call and presenta- 
tion of a flower to each baby present. 

In explaining the nature of Cradle Roll work to the 
congregation, one superintendent introduced, at the 
proper time, a full-sized bassinet, daintily trimmed in 
blue ribbon and white peonies. In this were placed 
several of the smallest of the babies, thus showing who 
were being cared for. 

Where Cradle Roll Welcome Sunday is observed 
quarterly in the Beginners or Primary room, the 
exercise is very simple. On the preceding Sunday 
mention is made that next Sunday will be Cradle Roll 
Day, or a little banner with the picture of a baby is 
hung in front of the room so that the little folks may 
remember what is to come next Sunday. Sometimes 
a rubber stamp with the words "Cradle Roll Day 
Next Sunday" is used to stamp all the cards and papers 
which the children take home. 



Crable iaoll Bap 73 



Seats are provided for the parents in the rear of the 
room. They can then see what is going on in the 
classes, but their presence does not interfere with the 
children so much as though they were seated in front. 
When the little ones sing the song of welcome, they 
turn and face the back of the room. The Cradle Roll 
exercise is only a part of the program, so too much time 
must not be devoted to it. The parents and visitors 
will enjoy seeing something of the regular work of the 
Department. A pretty service which will occupy less 
than ten minutes is this: Song: 

"A welcome to you, 
A welcome to you, 
A welcome, dear parents, 
We're glad to see you. 

"A welcome to you, 
A welcome to you, 
A welcome, dear babies, 
We're glad to see you." 

Concert recitation: " The Lord bless thee, and keep thee. 

Teachers: The Lord make his face to shine upon thee, and be 
gracious unto thee. 

Superintendent: The Lord lift up his countenance upon thee, 
and give thee peace." 

Concert prayer, children standing with bowed heads and folded 
hands : 

"Bless all our Cradle babies, 
Wherever they may be; 
Although in homes so scattered 

Thou every one dost see. 
We love them, and thou lovest them, 

Oh! may they grow to be 
A band of little Christians, 

Obedient, Lord, to thee. Amen." 



74 tlTfje Crable l^oll department 

If there is a new name to be added to the roll, the usual 
enrollment service is carried out in addition to this. 

The cradle occupies a prominent place during the 
service, and the attention of the visitors is called to any- 
special feature of wall roll or picture display. At the 
close, a little souvenir is given each baby. This may 
be a card, a flower, tiny plant, or some such trifle. 

Visitors' welcome cards, to be used on any occasion 
when parents are invited to a Cradle Roll service, are 
sometimes handed the parents as they enter or leave 
the room. One such card reads: 

We are glad to see you among 

Welcome! the worshipers this morning. 

It would give our pastor and 

our members pleasure to meet you at the 

close of the service, and become personally 

acquainted with you and dear baby. 

Cradle Roll Superintendent. 



XIX 

g)pecial Baj>fi^ 

A share in all special days belongs to the babies, and 
they will want a place on the program. The same 
general features which are outlined for Cradle Roll 
Sunday may be adapted to suit the occasion. Special 
invitations must be sent to each baby to come and bring 
parents and friends. A little souvenir of some kind 
may be provided. Have the Cradle Roll number of 
the program so bright and attractive that it will be the 
very best of the whole service. 

Occasionally seats are reserved for the babies and 
their parents, and if possible small rocking-chairs are 
provided for the use of mothers who may have to hold 
restless children. These may be placed in the back of 
the room. 

A suggestive program for use on Easter, Mother's 
Day, Children's Day, Rally Day, or other special 
season, and which will take less than ten minutes to 
present, is this: 

Girls from the Primary or the Junior department stand 
around the cradle, which is on a table upon the plat- 
form. They sing a verse of the Cradle Roll Ode, using 
the familiar tune, ''America": 

75 



76 Cf)e Crable i^oll department 

"God bless these babies dear, 
All who are gathered here, 

Our Cradle Roll. 
Jesus, in thy dear arms 
Keep safe from all that harms 
And guard from all alarms. 

Our Cradle Roll." 

A report of the Department may be given by the 
superintendent, which will include, in addition to the 
number of babies enrolled, et cetera, anything else that 
may be of special interest to that particular congre- 
gation. She then reads from her Bible: "And they 
were bringing unto him also their babes, that he should 
touch them: but when the disciples saw it, they re- 
buked them. But Jesus called them unto him, saying. 
Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid 
them not: for to such belongeth the kingdom of God." 

The girls sing, 

"I think, when I read that sweet story of old" 

and offer one of the little Cradle Roll prayers. 

If there is a new member to be welcomed, — and it is 
well to keep a name in reserve for this occasion, — a 
special enrollment service is given. 

If there are not too many babies, the roll may be 
called, the mother bringing baby to the platform in 
response to its name. 



XX 

The babies must have a part in the Christmas cele- 
bration. They may meet with the children of the 
Beginners and Primary classes, or by themselves, if 
the Department is large. Where the whole school 
unites in a service the Sunday preceding Christmas the 
babies have a part; but they are not expected to be 
present at an evening entertainment. 

A pleasing custom followed by one school is to hold 
a vesper service the Sunday afternoon before Christ- 
mas, when all the school members and their parents 
gather together and sing Christmas hymns. The 
parents of the babies receive a special invitation to be 
present, and seats are reserved for them. 

Another pretty plan is to have two trees, one large 
tree for the main school, and a small tree for the Cradle 
Roll. The two trees are placed on the platform side 
by side, the babies' tree being trimmed in things ap- 
propriate to them. 

If you want to interest the mothers during the busy 
Christmas season enough to get them to take the trouble 
and time to prepare baby and bring him to the party, 
make your invitation so pretty that they cannot resist. 
When a hectograph is used, all sorts of pretty little 
sketches showing Santa, trees, stars, and other Christ- 

77 



78 W'i)t Crable 3^oU department 

mas symbols may decorate the invitation. Christmas 
seals may also be used in a number of ways. A little 
fir tree cut from green paper, decorated with tiny gold 
or silver stars, the invitation written on the back, is 
good. Or two stockings may be cut from paper, the 
edges pasted together, and a note slipped in the top. 
The stocking may be decorated with a Christmas seal, 
and the invitation written underneath. Stockings 
made from scrim or tarlatan are used as an envelope 
for the invitation. 

Little Christmas bells may be cut from red or green 
paper, and a star-shaped card is appropriate. A star 
cut from red cardboard ma}^ have a Christmas seal in 
the center, and around the edge may be written, 
''Under the stars one holy night, a little Babe was 
born." 

Superintendents who believe that a catchy rhyme 
will attract the mothers, when a more formal style 
would not, have used the following: 

"Dear baby, and mother, remember! 
Wednesday, the twenty-third of December, 
Santa invites you to come and see 
His beautiful big Christmas tree." 

"Christmas is coming! 

Ho! Ho! Ho! Ho! 
Christmas is coming, 

With ice and snow. 
Come to our party 

On Monday, at two, 
You'll have a good time 

And mother will, too." 

Where a giving Christmas is being observed by the 



Cfjrisitmas; 79 



school, the babies may be allowed to have a part. 
One superintendent sent to each of her little charges 
the following note: 

Dear Baby Ruth: I am sure that you will want 
to know what our Sunday school is going to do 
on Christmas Eve, so I am writing this little 
letter to tell you. 

The service, this year, is to be more of giv- 
ing than of receiving. We will have an enter- 
tainment called "White Gifts for the King," 
and each one will have an envelope in which I 
would like to have you put your offering and 
return to me before Christmas Eve, so that we 
may have our gift ready for that time. 

The Cradle Roll gift will be furnishings for 
a baby's bed at the hospital and other things 
used for the babies who have to go there. 
Lovingly yours, 

Cradle Roll Superintendent. 

An invitation tied to a long stocking made from bright 
cotton cloth, in which is a card reading ''Please fill 
this stocking with goodies, from the top right down to 
the toe," is one way of having the babies remember 
others at the Christmas time. 



XXI 

^oubenirsf for Special ^easfonsf 

The superintendent who likes to remember the babies 
in her Department with a small souvenir as a token of 
her loving thought for them at any and every special 
season may find a few suggestions as to what others 
have used helpful. Only tiny things, these souvenirs, 
but they have their place in keeping the parents and 
other members of the family interested in the Cradle 
Roll, and through it, in the church. The wise superin- 
tendent, unless she has plenty of time at her command, 
will endeavor to interest others in the making of these 
favors. What would be a big task for one person is 
only play when a number get at it. How the older 
girls delight in making these little gifts! And how 
often an invalid will forget her pain and troubles if 
she is kept busy with some such light work as this. 
Or an old lady will enjoy the thought of still being 
useful, even though unable to get out of the house, if 
she is asked to make knitted balls or bean bags for the 
babies. The boys, too, will not refuse to do anything 
they can if asked. 

Scrapbooks may be made of white or colored paper 
cambric. Cut the cambric in strips twenty inches 
long by eight wide, and fold in the center. The re- 
quired number of leaves are stitched together, pretty 

80 



^oubenirg for Special ^ea^ong 81 

pictures pasted in, and the book is ready for baby. 
Sometimes a cover of white oilcloth is added. The boys 
may assist in making these books. 

A tiny tarlatan stocking filled with candy is some- 
times used, and so are little baskets packed with cookies. 
Some superintendents prefer to use plain cookies or 
crackers instead of candy, as the mothers object to the 
latter. 

Where there is a large membership, try grading the 
gifts, that is, a special thing for each year. This gives a 
variety. 

Sometimes it is the mothers who are remembered by 
the superintendent, and a little gift is sent in the name 
of baby. One used her camera and secured a picture 
of every baby. At Christmas each mother received a 
picture of her own baby, with the message on the back: 

"Here's your Cradle Roll baby 
So cunning and sweet, 
From the top of his head 
To the soles of his feet." 

Another sent to each mother a group picture of all 
the guests at one of the Cradle Roll receptions. 

A package of Comfort Powders would make a good 
Christmas gift for the mother, if accompanied with a 
Christmas wish and instructions to take one when feel- 
ing tired. Little quotations on baby or motherhood — 
just a line perhaps, or maybe a poem of several verses — 
are written on slips of paper and rolled in a piece of 
fringed tissue-paper. A half-dozen of these little rolls 
are tied together. 



82 W\)t Crable i^oll department 

A calendar made by mounting a picture on a piece 
of cardboard and adding a calendar pad makes a nice 
remembrance, particularly if baby's birthday is marked 
by a star or some other symbol. Then, when the 
mother looks over the calendar, she realizes that the 
superintendent had her in mind when making it. 

Valentine's Day is another good time for remember- 
ing the babies. A package of twenty-five red hearts 
can be bought for ten cents. On these paste tiny scrap 
pictures or little text cards such as are used in some 
Primary Departments, and then write baby's name and 
a little greeting, perhaps adding the name of the school. 
Two hearts, one slightly smaller than the other, may be 
tied together, or several small decorated hearts strung 
on a ribbon. 

The Christmas sachet idea is equally good when a 
valentine card is used, and the envelope may be fas- 
tened with a little heart seal. 

The Sunbonnet Babies, cut from colored paper, may 
be used for valentines. Write a message on the inside, 
and see if the little folks don't think them the nicest of 
valentines. 

The Sunbonnet girl and Overall boy, outlined on a 
small card and colored with water colors, make another 
pretty valentine. Add the words, ''To my Valentine," 
or some such message, and on the back write baby's 
name and a greeting. 

A delightful set of Easter cards was made for the 
fifty babies of one Department. Magazine pictures 
were sought which fitted the child for whom the card 



^oubenirsf for Special ^easfong 83 

was intended. These were mounted on plain cards 
and touched up with water colors. A verse composed to 
fit the card and the child was written on one side, and 
on the back an Easter greeting signed by the superin- 
tendent. These cards were the work of a class of 
young ladies. 

Flower seeds and plants are frequently used at Easter. 
One superintendent arranged for a group of Junior 
boys to deliver to each baby on Easter morning a tiny 
flowerpot, tied with a green ribbon, in which was planted 
a nasturtium seed. The boys explained to the parents 
that a Sunday some time in July or August was to be 
Flower Sunday, and at that time the babies were ex- 
pected to be present, and to use their plants to decorate 
the chancel. 

A tiny packet of seeds may be tied to an Easter card, 
or placed in an envelope sealed with an Easter emblem. 

May baskets are made and hung for the babies. 
Children in the Primary grades delight to do this. 

Under the direction of their teacher a class of girls 
made pretty little green paper baskets and in each put 
a little plant. These were given to the mothers of the 
Cradle Roll babies on Mother's Day. 

A cradle-shaped card, with a baby's head pasted on 
the top, the mother's name written underneath, and 
below that a quotation on motherhood, will make a 
very good place card to use at the tables when serving 
refreshments at a baby party. 

A practical souvenir is a feeding bib. Checked 
glass toweling may be used, the sides and end feather- 



84 tlTije Crablc 3^oll department 

stitched in colored cotton, and the neck bound with 
tape. These cost less than five cents each. Another 
style may be made from two thicknesses of cheese- 
cloth lightly quilted together. Before serving refresh- 
ments, tie a bib under each little chin, and tell baby to 
take it home as a reminder of the party. 

Dolls always make good favors. Fresh, clean clothes- 
pins may be gayly dressed, and will please the little 
ones, and so will the cute little dolls which can be fash- 
ioned from corn husks. Dolls made of yarn or plain 
carpet warp are always enjoyed, and have an advantage 
over some of the others in that they may be washed. 
What fun a crowd of girls, and boys, too, would have 
in making a quantity of these dolls for the babies! 

Souvenirs prepared entirely by a class of boys were 
pennants. Blue pennants were made for the girls, 
and pink for the boys. They were made from cambric, 
mounted on smooth sticks. The words ''Cradle Roll" 
were painted in black on one side. 

A tiny bouquet of flowers tied to a ribbon loop large 
enough to slip over baby's head was used as a souvenir 
at one Cradle Roll party. A nosegay was hung around 
each little neck. 

A cla,ss of girls had a fine time one evening when 
they met ^vith the superintendent and helped to fashion 
the cutest little baby bonnets from paper napkins. 
These were used at a party, and a part of the program 
was a march in which all the babies and their mothers 
took part, the babies wearing their pretty bonnets. 

Toy balloons are favorites with the little ones, and 



^oubenirsf for Special ^easfonsf 85 

occasionally the only favor given is a bow of blue or 
pink ribbon, pinned or tied to baby's sleeve. 

Pretty and inexpensive souvenirs may be made from 
a few copies of illustrated Mother Goose rhymes. 
These may be bought for as little as five cents each. 
Cut out the figures and mount them on plain card- 
board, writing the accompanying verse underneath. 
Give each baby a card. 



XXII 

Crable 3Roll parties; 

It is a little more interesting to be invited to an ani- 
mal or a cooky social than just to a ''party/' and it is 
really easier for the superintendent to arrange such a 
party than where there is no definite idea to carry out 
in invitation, program and decorations. Then, too, 
the mothers will often make a greater effort to attend 
if the invitation is unusual in form and color, and the 
party promises to be something of special interest. 
Use any legitimate means that will bring the mothers 
and babies out. There are so few places where a mother 
feels free to go and take baby for a social afternoon, that 
specially planned entertainments for them are very 
welcome. And often the only time a mother enters 
church while her little ones are small is in connection 
with some Cradle Roll event. One superintendent 
says that she always plans every social and enter- 
tainment to be held in the church, rather than at her 
own home, so that the very earliest impressions the 
httle ones receive of church will be happy. 

Cradle Roll parties must not be confused with 
mothers' meetings. The parties are intended to bring 
the mothers together in a social way, to have them meet 
the pastor and other of the church members, and to en- 
joy some pleasing entertainment. A set program is not 

86 



Crable i^oll parties; 87 

always successful, for just at a time when something 
interesting is going on, some baby is sure to demand 
attention. At a mothers' meeting the babies are cared 
for in another room, and the mothers left free to listen 
without interruption. The parties, however, may be 
made bright with music, readings or games — something 
of a simple entertaining nature. 

There are always mothers connected with the Cradle 
Roll who are members of the church and those who are 
not. It should be the aim of those on the ''inside" to 
look after those who are not members, and try by their 
quiet influence to draw them in. 

After going to the trouble and expense of preparing 
for a party the superintendent naturally hopes that a 
majority of the mothers will be present. It is the cus- 
tom of one superintendent to write a note to each ab- 
sentee the day after the party telling how she missed 
her, and asking after health of mother and babe. A 
second card is seldom sent to one baby, because ''next 
time" the mother makes an effort to be present, feeling 
that she is really wanted. 

The question of suitable refreshments to serve may 
trouble the inexperienced superintendent. Sometimes 
the nature of the party will suggest the most suitable 
things to serve. It must be remembered that never 
should anything elaborate or rich be provided. Our 
guests are only little folks, and those who are old enough 
to eat are not yet ready for anything but the sim- 
plest food. Sometimes the babies are seated at one 
table and the mothers at another. Then the mothers 



^Jje Crable 3^oU department 



may be served with different refreshments. At one 
party the Httle folks were dehghted to find animal 
crackers walking over dishes of pure ice cream. As 
fast as the animals disappeared watchful attendants 
saw to it that others took their place. This was a very 
informal party. Each child knelt in front of the chair 
on which he had been sitting, using it as a table. A 
pretty paper napkin was placed on each for a cloth. 

A generous handful of animal crackers tied up in a 
paper napkin is another way of serving. Each child 
is given a bag of crackers to eat with his ice cream. 

Little paper cups filled with tiny white candies from 
which arose a stick of candy so that it looked very nmch 
like a candle were placed beside each plate at one party, 
and at another animal-shaped cookies were surrounded 
by a fence of pure white candy. 

Cookies of all styles and shapes are always appro- 
priate, and plain sandwiches of bread and butter, or 
tiny buttered rolls, are wholesome and good. 

Cradle Roll parties may be as varied and as unique 
as those arranged for older people. Every special 
season and day may be the occasion for a party, and 
though' the little ones may not understand the fancy 
invitation and little favors, the mothers will appreciate 
the attention. Something suitable for every month of 
the year may be carried out if a little thought is given 
the subject. 

No matter what kind of party you are planning, try 
to have something unique in the way of invitations. 
A form often used is: 



Crablc 3aoll ^artieg 89 

"For once leave your home to the care of others, 
And come to the party for babies and mothers." 

This may be written on a card decorated with the pic- 
ture of a baby cut from a magazine or, some advertise- 
ment, the place of meeting and d'ate being added below. 

Another very simple plan is to write a note on a card 

cut in some fancy shape, saying, 

Dear haby : You and mother are in- 
vited to a party at the church on 

Thursday from three to five. All the other 
Cradle Roll babies are expected to be present, 
so please come. 

For a picnic nothing is prettier than a basket-shaped 

card with a message such as 

"Let us go with our lunch basket and spend a 
happy day together, all the Cradle Roll babies 
and their mothers, under the big green trees 
at ." 

''What a lot of work!" some one may say. Yes, it 
takes time, money and brains to write these invita- 
tions, prepare the souvenirs, arrange the meeting place, 
plan the program, provide refreshments, and everything 
else, but who would not be willing to go to some trouble 
and expense when they entertain friends in their own 
home? Is not this, the Master's work, of as much im- 
portance, and does it call for less time and talent? And 
when the superintendent realizes the importance of 
these little social gatherings as a necessary means of 
establishing a spirit of cooperation and a bond of 
sympathy between home and church and school, they 
will surely become even more popular than they are at 
present. 



XXIII 

^rije Crable i^oU anb Mi^^ion^ 

Some superintendents believe that even the Httle 
ones on the Cradle Roll are not too young to take a 
part in the evangelization of the world. Mite boxes 
are given at the time of enrollment, these to be re- 
turned at some stated time during the year. Perhaps 
once a quarter the banks are collected, or every six 
months they are replaced with new. An annual party 
at which they are opened is another method. Easter 
is a good time to hold this box opening, and at least 
one superintendent turns her Christmas party into a 
missionary meeting, and the little ones at that time 
bring their gifts for missions. 

Sometimes the Cradle Roll has a special missionary 
object of its own — the support of a baby in a mission 
orphanage or something of that kind. Again, the 
Cradler Roll may unite with Beginners and Primary 
departments in contributing to a special object. Or 
the school as a whole may be interested in a cause 
toward which all contribute. In one school where an 
annual Missionary Day is observed the superintendent 
sent to each of the babies a little note stating what was 
being done, and asking for a contribution from baby. 
With the letter was inclosed an envelope to contain the 

90 



tlTfje Crable iaoU anb Mi^^iom 91 

offering. During the service, while the offerings were 
being taken to the platform, a little girl from the Cradle 
Roll went up with the others and presented the gift 
from the babies. 

The birthday offerings are commonly used for mis- 
sionary purposes, those of the Cradle Roll babies being 
kept separate or not, as the superintendent may desire. 

A missionary birthday party to which the babies are 
asked to come and contribute as many coins, copper, 
silver, or gold, as they are years old is a method em- 
ployed to bring in the missionary offering. Of course, 
the short program is missionary in general character. 

The plan for interesting the mothers and babies in 
missions as used by one superintendent may be sug- 
gestive to others. She did not invite them to a mis- 
sionary party, as then, quite probably, many of the 
mothers would not have found it possible to come, but 
there was something so unusual and attractive about 
the invitation which each received that most of them 
accepted and were present on the appointed afternoon. 

The invitations were written on little round, orange- 
colored cardboard, and read: 

Won't you come? Please do, 
And bring mother with you to 
Our Orange party next Saturday afternoon. 
Cradle Roll Superintendent. 

The room was attractively decorated with orange- 
colored paper. The hostess and her assistants wore 
pretty little caps of orange color, and each guest was 
presented with a rosette of the same shade, which she 



92 tCfje Crable B^oll Bepartment 

was asked to wear somewhere about her person as a 
compUment to the occasion. 

When the guests had all arrived, the superintendent 
told of her desire that the babies on the Cradle Roll 
should have a part in the great mission work of the 
world, and do this by caring for an orphan baby in far- 
away India. Every baby who would help toward its 
support was given a little bank, the shape and color 
of an orange. (These little banks were very inexpen- 
sive, costing five cents or less.) At the end of a year 
they were to meet again and the banks would be 
broken open. Simple refreshments were served at the 
close of the afternoon — plain orange jello and little 
round cookies, with orangeade to drink. The superin- 
tendent told the babies that she would try to get a 
picture of their baby in India, and make a copy for 
each to keep as a reminder of their early interest in 
missions. 

Home mission work is sometimes undertaken in the 
name of the Cradle Roll Department. One Depart- 
ment bought and supports a bed in a denominational 
orphans' home, the understanding being that the bed is 
always 4o be used by the youngest orphan in the home. 
The babies are invited to make a special offering at 
Christmas and on Children's Day, and this is used to 
support the work. 



XXIV 

®f)e ^asftor anb tfjc Crable aaoU 

A man who had a flock of sheep was asked by a 
friend how he succeeded in raising them. He replied, 
''By taking care of the lambs." Fortunate is the 
Cradle Roll superintendent who has the hearty co- 
operation of the pastor in all her work for and with the 
little ones; who believes that the future of the church 
lies in looking after and caring for them. Between 
them they can build up the congregation and Sunday 
school through interesting the parents in the affairs 
of the church, their attention being first gained because 
of the interest taken in baby. 

Some pastors recognize the Cradle Roll as one of the 
greatest doors to evangehstic work the church has. 
In no other w^ay can entrance to homes and hearts be 
gained so easily as through this, the baby on the Cradle 
Roll. The Cradle Roll has well been termed a feeder 
to the church and Sunday school, not only because its 
members eventually enter the main school, but because 
of the many older people who are led to take an active 
interest in Sunday school and church by reason of baby's 
first being a member. 

The Department records may be made in duplicate, 
one going to the pastor. He is then in position to visit 

93 



94 TE^fje Crable l^oU department 

baby, to remember the birthday with a greeting, and 
to reach the parents in a systematic way. 

By attending the mothers' meetings and Cradle Roll 
parties he comes into contact with the mothers and 
babies, and can win an indifferent mother over to taking 
an interest in church affairs by his attention to the baby. 

By assisting the superintendent in planning for 
Cradle Roll Sunday he shows his interest in the De- 
partment. 

Special attention to the notices to be given from the 
pulpit, of all regular and special Cradle Roll events, 
will show to the public that he considers the Cradle 
Roll a vital part of the church life. 

A pastor who remembers the babies of the Cradle 
Roll while away on his vacation, with a picture post 
card and a word of greeting, binds the home more 
closely not only to the Sunday school, but to the 
church. 

One superintendent notifies her pastor as soon as she 
hears of a new baby. He immediately writes the par- 
ents a note of congratulation that God has so blessed 
their home, and asks when he can see the Baby. He 
does not ask to see the parents, but makes it a personal 
matter with baby. The proud parents notify him, and 
he calls as soon as they say he may. 



XXV 

"Educated motherhood is the need of to-day, not 
only in our own land, but across the sea. It is a de- 
mand that will not be ignored; it is a Macedonian cry 
that refuses to be silenced. Mothers are everywhere 
pleading for assistance. Every Bible-school worker 
desires to advance the spiritual welfare of the children 
under her care, and the religious training of children 
in the home. In no better way can this be accom- 
plished than by forming a Mother's Association in 
connection with the school, in order that the mothers 
and teachers — the home and the school — may be 
brought into partnership, and an aUied force secured 
that will be of immense value." 

This statement was made by Mrs. W. F. Heath in 
an address before elementary workers at the World's 
Sunday-School Convention held in Washington, D. C. 
The truth so well expressed by her applies very largely 
to the Cradle Roll Department. No one class of moth- 
ers needs help more than these, that they may start 
baby right from the very beginning, that they may 
train him physically, mentally and spiritually during 
these three impressionable years when he is a member 
of the Cradle Roll. 

95 



96 Ci)c Crable l^oll department 

In many schools Mothers' Departments and Moth- 
ers' Clubs have been organized. The mothers meet 
together for Bible study or the discussion of such topics 
as may be of mutual interest. These are usually of a 
very practical nature, and the speakers persons of 
authority on their subjects. 

Where there is already such an organization in the 
church, the superintendents may invite all the mothers 
of the Cradle Roll to attend. Perhaps for a part of the 
time the Cradle Roll mothers may gather by themselves 
for a little talk about their own problems. 

A Mothers' Club, when open to mothers of children 
of all ages, may be carried on much the same as a 
Graded Elementary Union. The mothers meet to- 
gether to listen to an address on some topic of mutual 
interest, or for the study of some book; then for fifteen 
minutes or a half hour separate into groups, in each of 
which will be discussed something of special interest 
to mothers of children of a certain age. They come 
together again for a closing exercise or social hour. In 
this way each mother gains help in solving her own 
particular problems. Where the organization is in- 
tended primarily for the mothers of the Elementary 
Division, the children under thirteen years of age, such 
a system is practical. The mothers of the Cradle Roll, 
Beginners, Primary, and Junior children will each meet 
by themselves. Where a mother has children in more 
than one Department, she will then select the topic in 
which she is most interested and attend that dis- 
cussion. 



^ illotters;' ^uxiliarp 97 

To quote Mrs. Heath once more: ''The organization 
should be very simple, and the meetings informal. 
It really is not necessary to have a constitution. The 
first step is to gather the mothers together. This can 
be done in various ways: interest your pastor and 
superintendent; put notices in the church bulletin; 
ask pastor and superintendent to say a few words from 
the pulpit indorsing the movement; send a card of 
invitation home by the children; better than all else, 
call personally upon each mother and invite her." 

These hints were added: 

Room: This should be made most attractive. 

Leader: Appoint the most consecrated woman in yom* church; 
a mother if possible; one who loves God and little children. 

Name: Mothers' Association of the Church, or a 

name specially suited to your group. 

Object: To help mothers to come nearer to Christ; to instruct 
their children in religious truths, and to raise the standard of 
the home. 

Officers: President, vice-president, secretary and treasurer and 
librarian. 

Dues: It is not necessary to have dues, but if you must have 
them, let them be small; a better way is to have a basket on 
the table for voluntary offerings at the close of the meeting. 

Topics: Simple, practical topics, problems mothers have met in 
the home. A program for a season can be arranged, taking 
some book for study and discussion, or individual topics. 

Music: The best obtainable. Solos, a mothers' chorus, hymns 
and children's songs used in Bible school. Mothers ought to 
be famihar with these. 

Library: Good helpful books for the mothers to read. These 
may be donated, one at a time, or bought from the general 
fund, and loaned to the members of the association. 



98 trfje Crable 3^011 department 

Social Hour: Plan for this at the close of the session, with light 
refreshments. 

Care of Children: Provide some one to care for the children who 
cannot be left at home, so that mothers may enjoy the meet- 
ing. 

Conference: Will the mothers talk? Certainly; every mother 
desires the best she can get for the child; if she cannot get it 
by hstening, she will ask for it. 

Parents^ Meetings: The father has a responsibihty that he can- 
not shirk; hold a parents' meeting now and then, and arrange 
a program that will interest the fathers as well as the mothers. 
Educated "parenthood" will bring a blessing on every home, 
on every school, on every nation and on every individual. 

All this applies to mothers' meetings in general, but 
the Cradle Roll superintendent will find in it that which 
is practical for her organization. 

Long ago God commanded the parents in Israel to 
keep the commandments and to teach them to their 
children. We provide for the physical needs of our 
little ones, but it is the intention of God that they be 
fed with the Bread of life. Yet how many mothers fail 
in this because of their inability to tell a story, par- 
ticularly a Bible story, in an interesting manner to a 
little two- or three-year-old child. In mothers' clubs 
the art of story-telling may be a part of the practical 
work carried on, and here the mothers will learn how to 
tell a Bible story. 

Although a Cradle Roll Auxiliary may be carried on 
very successfully without a constitution, some superin- 
tendents prefer to have one. The following may be 
amended or altered to suit local conditions; it is offered 
as a suggestive guide. 



^ iilotfjerg* ^uxiliarp 99 



CONSTITUTION OF CRADLE ROLL AUXILIARY 

Article 1 

NAME 

This organization shall be known as the Cradle Roll Auxiliary 
of Sunday School of . 

Article 2 
OBJECT 

The object of this Auxihary is to seek, in a very practical 
way, hght in dealing with the problems confronting each mother 
in the care and guidance of the babies in our homes. 

Article 3 
MEMBERSHIP 

Any mother who has a child on the Cradle Roll of this or any 
other Sunday school is eligible to membership in this Auxiliary. 

Article 4 
MOTTO 

The motto of this AuxiUary shall be: 

"A partnership with God is motherhood. 

What strength, what purity, what self-control, 
What love, what wisdom, should belong to her 
Who helps God fashion an immortal soul." 

Article 5 

PRAYER 

The prayer of this Auxiliary shall be : 

"God help us mothers all to live aright. 

And may our homes all truth and love infold. 
Since life for us no loftier aim can hold 
Than leading Uttle children to the light. " 



8?29'?56 



100 'Qtf)t Crable laoU department 

Article 6 
SONG 
The song of this Auxiliary shall be: 

"Up to me sweet childhood looketh, 

Heart, and mind, and soul awake; 
Teach me of thy ways, O Father, 

Teach me for sweet childhood's sake. 
In their young hearts soft and tender, 

Guide my hand good seed to sow, 
That its blossoming may praise thee 

Praise thee wheresoe'er they go. 

"Give to me a cheerful spirit 

That my little flock may see 
It is good and pleasant service 

To be taught of thee. 
Father, order all my footsteps; 

So direct my daily way. 
That in following me, the children 

May not go astray. 

"Let thy holy counsel lead me, 
Let thy light before me shine. 
That they may not stumble over 

Word or deed of mine. 
Draw us hand in hand to Jesus 
For his word's sake, unforgot, 
'Let the little ones come to me, 
And forbid them not.'" 

Article 7 
OFFICERS 
The officers of this Auxihary shall be a president, vice-presi- 
dent, secretary, treasurer and Ubrarian, who shall be elected 
at the meeting and serve for one year. 

Article 8 
DUTIES OF OFFICERS 

The duties of the first four officers shall be those that usually 
pertain to such. The president may or may not be the Cradle 
Roll superintendent, according to her wishes in the matter and 
the feehng of the Auxiliary members on the subject. The 



^ Mothtxsi' ^uxiliarp 101 

librarian shall have charge of the Auxiliary library and look after 
the proper distribution of books and other hterature — also secure 
subscriptions to the various mothers' magazines, and attend to 
the ordering of the same. 

Article 9 
QUORUM 

members shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of 

any special business. 

Article 10 
MEETINGS 

Regular meetings shall be held the of each month. All 

meetings to be held in the church parlors, unless otherwise agreed 
upon. 

Article 11 
DUES 

The annual dues shall be , payable at the 

meeting. 

Article 12 
COMMITTEES 
A Program Committee shall be appointed at the annual 
meeting to prepare a tentative program and submit it to the mem- 
bers at the next regular monthly meeting for their approval. 

A Social Committee appointed at the same time shall pro- 
vide refreshments at each of the regular meetings throughout 
the year, and endeavor to promote a spirit of friendship among 
the members. 

A Mothers' Help Committee shall look after the small chil- 
dren brought to the meetings, and care for them in a room adjoin- 
ing that in which the meeting is held, so that the mothers may 
be free to enjoy the program. On this committee each of the 
mothers shall serve in turn, thus distributing the work. 

Article 13 
CRADLE ROLL 
The Cradle Roll Auxiliary meetings shall not in any way 
conflict with those of the Cradle Roll Department. The mem- 
bers are pledged to assist the Cradle Roll superintendent in 
every way possible, particularly by attendance upon every party 
and pubhc service in which the Department has a part. 



102 tlTlje Crablc Boll department 

One Auxiliary, in connection with its regular work, 
maintains a nursery at the church. This was fitted 
up by the members, each contributing something in 
the way of equipment or money. Here the little ones 
are cared for during the sessions of the Auxiliary, and 
on Sunday morning two of the mothers are in church 
to look after the little ones who may be brought by 
their parents. They are kind enough not to limit the 
use of the room to members only, but any child under 
six may be left there. 

Definite study of the various mothers' magazines or 
of some good book has been found most helpful. Such 
books as ''Study of Child Nature" by Elizabeth Harri- 
son; ''The Unfolding Life" by Mrs. A. A. Lamoreaux; 
"Stories and Story-Telling" by St. John; "The Dawn 
of Character" by Mumford; "Child Nature and Child 
Nurture" by St. John; "How to Tell Stories to Chil- 
dren"; "Children's Rights"; and others of this char- 
acter, have opened up a new world to many a mother 
when studied under the leadership of a capable in- 
structor. 

Such practical things as the maintenance of a Dorcas 
fund, consisting of outgrown baby-clothes, which are 
passed along to other mothers, is a part of some Auxil- 
iary work. 

Where refreshments are served they should be very 
simple. A cup of tea or chocolate, and wafers, will be 
found sufficient. A pretty custom is to have as "guests 
of honor" those whose birthdays have occurred during 
the month. Another is to reverse this order and have 



^ iHoftersf* ^nxiliavp 103 

these favored mothers give a "birthday party" to the 
others, they being the hostesses. 

A pretty little reminder which the superintendent 
might send to each mother in the Auxiliary is a cal- 
endar. On a regular mount or piece of cardboard 
place a picture of a baby, and underneath a tiny cal- 
endar pad. On each page mark in red ink the date of 
the meeting. Across the top of the card write or print 
the one word ''Remember." A little ribbon loop by 
which to hang the calendar completes it. 



APPENDIX 

program ifMaterial for g)pecial ^rogramg 

PRAYERS 

1 
God Bless the Babies on the Cradle Roll. 
Bless Them, and Keep Them Throughout Each Glad Day, 
Watch Them in Daylight and Guard Them in Darkness; 
May they Grow Gentler and Sweeter Each Day. 

2 
"Bless All our Cradle Babies, 
Wherever They may be ; 
Although in Homes so Scattered, 

Thou Every One Dost See. 
We Love Them, and Thou Lovest Them, 

Oh, May They Grow to be 
A Band of Little Christians, 
Obedient, Lord, to Thee." 

3 

"Heavenly Father, hear our prayer; 
Keep within thy constant care 
This dear baby thou hast sent. 
To its loving parents lent, 
To be taught and trained for you. 
May our school its mission do, 
Love and pray for, guard it, too." 

4 

"We bring another baby. 

Dear Lord, to thee to-day. 
Thou lovest these tiny children, 
Caring for them alway. 
105 



106 Wf)t Cratile ^^oll department 

Help us, as older children, 
To set them examples good ; 

Showing them love and kindness, 
As those who know thee should." 



5 
"God bless and keep the children dear 
Upon this Cradle Roll. 
May Jesus light their pathway here, 
And heaven be their goal." 

6 

"Heavenly Father, bless this baby, 
Guide his tender httle feet. 
May we older children help him 
To be gentle, kind and sweet." 

7 
"Heavenly Father, guide and keep 
In thy loving care; 
These dear babies while they sleep 
Here, and everywhere." 

8 

'Jesus, bless our Cradle Roll babies 

Here at home, and across the sea; 
Care for them, and their fathers and mothers, 
Wherever they may be." 

9 
"God, our Father, how we thank thee, 
When the tiny babes we see; 
And we know that as we help them. 
We are really helping thee." 

10 

"Jesus, bless this little baby 
We welcome here to-day; 
May the angels guard her (his) cradle 
Keep her (him) in thy care, we pray." 



^Program jHaterial for Special JProgram£f 107 

CRADLE ROLL WELCOME VERSES 
1 

"Another little baby girl (boy) 

Whose name we have to-day 
We are glad to add to the Cradle Roll 

Until she (he) comes to stay. 
We'll watch, and care, and pray for her (him) 

And hope it will not be long 
Until she (he) comes to Sunday school 

Then we'll sing for her (him) this song: 

"Christ was once a little baby 
Just like you and me. 
Born in Bethlehem, of Judah, 

Far across the sea; 
No room for the Httle Jesus 
Could be found on earth; 
And a stable dark and dreary 
Was his place of birth." 
(Song from "The Primary and Junior Hymnal.") 

2 
"In our pretty cradle here 
Place the baby's name so dear; 
Jesus, ever bless and keep 
With thy love, so true and deep." 

3 

"We have placed dear baby's name 

On our Cradle Roll to-day; 
May the loving Saviour bless him 

All along his earthly way. 
And at last when life is over, 

In the many mansions fair, 
May his name be found forever 

In the Father's record there." 

4 
"Another new baby we welcome to-day, 
To him a new name has been given; 
We'll give him a place on our dear Cradle Roll 
For of such is the kingdom of heaven." 



108 tE^fje Crable laoll department 

5 
"Here's oiu' pretty cradle, 
Tied with ribbons gay; 
Many names we've laid within it — 

More in it we'll lay; 
Rock, rock, pretty cradle, 
This glad day enrolled 

Are names of precious babies 

Safe for you to hold." 

6 

"Little cradle, do you think. 

With your pretty bows of pink, 

You can faithful be and true 

To the name we trust to you? 

"As we lay it gently there 
We will add this loving prayer 
That the little baby face 
In our class may find a place." 



THE NETV 

REF 

This book is 
tak 


' YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY 
ERENGE DEPARTMENT 


under no circumstances to be 
en from the Building 




























































































form 41* 







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