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Rev. Thomas and 1 





18 7 6. 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1876, 


In the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C. 



This Family Kecord has been long contemplated, but 
owing to other and pressing engagements the work of pre- 
paring it has been delayed. And it is very doubtful if it 
would have been undertaken even at this late day, had it not 
been for the urgent entreaty of my but recently departed and 
sainted mother, a compliance with whose wishes has ever been 
my greatest earthly pleasure. In her remarkably retentive 
memory were stored many of the principal facts respecting the 
first members of the family in this country. These have 
formed the basis of the present history, and without these as 
a groundwork it would have been almost impossible to have 
prepared it. In its compilation I have all along been guided 
by the information she furnished, and animated by the con- 
sciousness that I was complying with almost her last wishes. 

In the prosecution of the work I have consulted a large 
number of books, newspapers, and ecclesiastical and court 
records; omitting nothing, so far as known, that would throw 
any light upon the personal history of the individuals, or the 
times in which they lived. The principal volumes examined 
were Webster's, Hodge's, and Gillett's histories of the Pres- 
byterian Church ; Dr. Davidson's History of the Presbyterian 
Church in Kentucky; Howe's History of the Presbyterian 
Churches of South Carolina; Foote's Historical Sketches of 
Virginia and North Carolina; Sprague's Annals; Keid's 
History of the Presbyterian Church of Ireland; Wodrow's 
History of the Presbyterian Church of Scotland; Old Bedstone, 
by Dr. Smith ; Churches of Cumberland Valley, by Dr. JSevin ; 
Alexander's Log College ; History of Upper Octorara from 
1720 to 1870 ; Irish and Scotch Settlers in Pennsylvania, by 
Chambers ; records of Carlisle and Donegal Presbyteries ; 


sketches of the churches of Carlisle Presbytery ; records of 
the Presbyterian Church from 1706 to 1788 ; New England 
Genealogical Register ; Notes and Queries; Annals of Tennes- 
see, by Ramsey ; History of Middle Tennessee, by A. W. Put- 
nam ; Day's and Rupp's Historical Collections of Pennsylva- 
nia; Gordon's History of Pennsylvania; Howe's Historical 
Collections of Virginia and Ohio; Colonicd Records of Penn- 
sylvania; Hazard's Pennsylvania Archives; Proud's History 
of Pennsylvania; Watson's Annals; Western Missionary Mag- 
azine; Cotton Mather's Magnolia; Christian Advocate, by Dr. 
Ashbel Green, and Wilson's Historical Almanac. 

Moreover, I have corresponded with a large number of per- 
sons connected with the family, or who were in possession of 
valuable knowledge respecting one or more of its members. 
The parties addressed have generally responded, and placed 
at my disposal their information, for which kindly and valu- 
able assistance I here tender them my thanks. 

I have endeavored in every case to give the births, mar- 
riages, and deaths of all descendants, and with all possible 
accuracy. I have not always succeeded, since a very few 
persons, for reasons satisfactory to themselves, have withheld 
the dates of their own and their children's births. The dates 
and incidents thus obtained I have given in the book, ever hav- 
ing a strict regard to their authenticity. But, after the most 
honest and persistent endeavors to obtain correct and full 
information on all points, I am conscious that from the very 
nature of the case the Record is by no means perfect. Many 
facts and incidents might yet be gathered, and possible errors, 
arising from different and conflicting dates and data, be cor- 
rected ; and if those who may discover either errors or omis- 
sions will report them to me, I will enter them in a copy of 
the book, for the benefit of survivors, and place it in the library 
of the Presbyterian Historical Society. 

I hope that, hereafter, some member of the family, with 
more time and better opportunities than the writer has had 
at his command, will not only supply what may be found 
lacking, but will write a much fuller history of the family in 


all its branches. In that event I will be well content to have 
this brief work serve but as an introduction. 

The name Craighead is unmistakably Scotch in its origin; 
Craig or Crag signifying in Scotland any rock}^ localit}\ 
Craig: "A parish in Forfarshire, and an estate in Perth- 
shire. As a topographical expression, Craig has the same 
meaning as Carrick. The southern district of Ayrshire is so 
called." (Patronymica Britannica.) Craighead: A place in 
the parish of Dailly, County Ayr. [New England Historical 
and Genealogical Begistcr.) The original emigrant to this 
country wrote his name Craghead ; and we find it written 
occasionally, in early records, Creaghead, an evident error. 
It has been written for the last three generations, almost in- 
variably, Craighead. 

The Appendix contains notices of a few persons related Iry 
marriage to the family, and some matter that could not prop- 
erly be introduced into the body of the book. 

This volume, the result of no small labor and expense, I 
commit to those for whom it was written — the members of the 
family, who alone can have any special interest in it, and for 
whose perusal and satisfaction it is only designed. And if it 
shall be the means of promoting a better acquaintance between 
the different branches of the family, and of extending their 
knowledge of the virtues of their ancestors ; especially if it 
shall stimulate them to imitate their good examples, and to 
strive after higher attainments in learning, virtue, and piety ; 
I shall be amply rewarded for my labor, and I shall feel an 
increased pleasure and pride in being a member of a family 
which, on this as well as on the other side of the Atlantic, 
has done something for its own honor, for the spiritual wel- 
fare of the people, and for religious and civil liberty in the 


In arranging a family history, very much depends on the 
method employed. Before deciding on the one here adopted, 
many similar books were examined. The following plan, over 
all others, combines simplicity, clearness, and conciseness. 
By placing the materials in their present form, commencing 
with Rev. Thomas Craighead (from whom all the Craigheads 
in this country have descended), each person will be able, by 
means of the indexes and numerals, readily to trace their line 
of descent. 

Rev. Thomas Craighead is the first generation, his children 
the second, and his grandchildren the third, and so on. They 
are numbered in order on the left hand of the page, before the 
name of each individual in the genealogical series. When a 
woman's name occurs thus : Ann Brattain Craighead, the 
reader will understand that the name italicized is her original 
or maiden name, and the name following, the one acquired by 
marriage. When a daughter marries, and thus loses her 
maiden name, an account is only given of her children. This 
branch of the family then drops out of the history. 

A full index is given of the Christian names of all whose 
surname is Craighead, the number of the individual being in 
the right-hand column, and the date of birth, when ascer- 
tained, on the left; also an index of descendants bearing 
other names than Craighead, with names and dates to corre- 
spond ; and also a list of those who have married into the 
family, with the numbers of their respective partners in the 
right-hand column, and the date of marriage on the left. 

To find an individual recorded in this volume : suppose his 
name to be David Craighead, who married Mary Hunt Good- 
loe. There are six David Craigheads in the book. This David 


Craighead was born 1790. Find the name of David among 
the Christian names of the Craighead's in Index I, preceded 
by 1790, the year of his birth, which is followed by 66, his 
number. The number 66 will at once direct to page 74, where 
his name is found on the thirteenth line from the top of the 
page. You notice that David Craighead (66) was the son of 
Rev. Thomas B. Craighead, above whose name at the begin- 
ning of his sketch (p. 60), and in the middle of the page, you 
find 15 in heavy type. This directs to 15 in the consecutive 
numbering on the left hand of page 51, where j^ou find that 
Rev. Thomas B. Craighead was the son of Rev. Alexander 
Craighead (4), page 41, who, } t ou will perceive, was the son 
of Rev. Thomas Craighead (1), the first emigrant. In like 
manner you can trace any one to the original emigrant, Rev. 
Thomas Craighead. 


We would baYe preferred that this work and labor of 
loYe bad been undertaken by some other person, with 
more time and a wider range of material at command. 
The fear that it would not be done at all, is the chief 
reason that has induced this attempt to gather up the 
fragments of family history which follow; a histoiy re- 
plete with interest to the descendants of those noble 
sires, whose piety and patriotism have shed an equal 
lustre upon the Church and State. We were desirous 
too, to know more of our fathers who, under God, did so 
great a work for humanity and religion beyond the ocean, 
and who have had so large a share in moulding the re- 
ligious, social, and political institutions of the " Xew 
World." We, therefore, offer in this sketch, and as our 
tribute of interest and love, whatever of fact we have 
gleaned from the field of history, and whatever of inci- 
dent and tradition we have rescued from the oblivion 
which surely and speedily follows unwritten recollections. 

Our ancestry were originally from Scotland, but re- 
moved at an early day to the north of Ireland ; and hence 
belong more properly to that branch of the Scotch known 
in this countiy as the Scotch-Irish. The object of their 
removal, so far as histoiy informs us, was to help estab- 
lish in that country a pure religion. At this period the na- 
tive inhabitants were poor, uneducated, superstitious, and 
oppressed, the facile tools of their superiors in Church and 


State. The exactions of the Romish clergy were un- 
sparing, and "enforced by eveiy form of fraud and vio- 
lence, in the shape of tithes, pecuniary penances, indul- 
gences, and fees for all official acts." Moved by this sad 
state of things, the Church of Scotland encouraged many 
of its clergy and laity to emigrate to Ireland. These 
at once began the work of evangelizing the people. In 
these efforts, the first of our ancestors of whom we have 
any authentic record, bore an honorable part in connec- 
tion with the Presbyterian Church. 

In order, therefore, to form a just estimate of their 
character, spirit, and influence, it is essential to review 
some of the prominent events in the history of the Irish 
Presbyterian Church. For, the many impressive lessons 
of Romish intolerance and prelatical persecution which 
our fathers were taught in Ireland made them the invin- 
cible friends of civil and religious liberty ; and, by the 
hardships they had there to undergo, they were prepared 
to surmount the difficulties and perils of their new home 
in this western wilderness, and to lay broad and deep the 
foundations of our political and religious institutions. 

The first attempt to introduce the Reformation in Ire- 
land was due to the anti-papal policy of Henry VIII, 
who sought to subject the Irish prelates to his control. 
George Brown, consecrated Archbishop of Dublin, 1535, 
was his chief agent. Armed with the ro} T al commission, 
he demanded of the principal nobility and clergy the 
acknowledgment of the king's supremacy. This was met 
with prompt and vigorous opposition. The question was 
carried in the Irish Parliament with extreme difficulty ; 
and, the order sent from England to remove the images 
and relics from the churches of Dublin, was evaded under 
the eyes of the Archbishop himself. So that, at the 
death of the king, the Reformation had not been accepted 


by the people or the lower clerg} T , as in England and 

Even the reign of Edward the TI accomplished but 
little for the Reform in Ireland. The new liturgy, which 
was used for the first time in 1551, and which was artfully 
represented to the people as a mere translation of the 
Romish service, was adopted by only four of the prelates, 
and was received by but few of their suffragans. The slow 
progress of the truth was owing not only to the want of 
reformed preachers, even in the metropolis, but also to 
the deficient zeal of those engaged in promoting the Ref- 
ormation. At last some new life was infused into the 
movement, when Cranmer persuaded Hugh Goodacre and 
John Bale to expatriate themselves, in order that they 
might preach the Gospel to the destitute people of Ire- 
land. The former was raised to the see of Armagh, but 
was poisoned at Dublin, "by procurement of certain 
priests of his diocese ;" the latter was Bishop of Ossory, 
was learned, pious, energetic, and fearless, and, for his 
boldness in exposing the errors of Popery, had been twice 
imprisoned in England. Released by Lord Cromwell, 
he fled to the Continent after the death of his patron, 
where for eight years he enjoyed the intimate friendship 
of Luther, Calvin, and other distinguished Reformers. 
His study of the Genevan discipline so modified his ec- 
clesiastical views, however, that when he returned to Ire- 
land, at the accession of Elizabeth, nothing could induce 
him to accept a bishopric. 

Very little progress, in fact, was made in establishing 
Protestantism in Ireland, until the accession of James I 
to the English throne. All efforts to introduce a purer re- 
ligion were resisted by the parish priests, and the Reform 
was not accepted by the people generally. Consequently 
when Queen Mary came into power, all that was nece?- 


sary to restore papal supremacy, was a mere proclama- 
tion. Even under Elizabeth, though Parliament again 
abolished Popery, legalized the Reformation, and ordered 
the pra^yer-book to be restored, the masses continued hos- 
tile to Protestantism, and were described as "not one 
among a hundred knowing any ground of religion or any 
article of faith." 

But with James I, a new era dawned. The natives were 
admitted to the privileges of subjects, titles to estates 
were secured, and justice administered to all classes. 
The forfeited lands of Irish lords were colonized by Eng- 
lish and Scotch settlers, and ample provision was made 
for the support of the bishops and clerg} T , and the build- 
ing and repairing of churches. The sees were filled with 
Protestant prelates, and a convocation of the clergy met 
in Dublin, 1615, which drew up a Confession of Faith for 
the Irish Church. Its articles were Calvinistic in doc- 
trine, and very moderate as to government and disci- 
pline, showing clearly the influence of the Scotch and 
Non-conformist elements in its construction. The design 
was to embrace in its communion all faithful ministers of 
the Gospel, and not a few, both from England and Scot- 
land, availed themselves of its liberal provisions. 

These pioneer laborers were received kindly by the 
bishops, and ordained to their work. Their labors were 
soon followed by a great revival of religion, which ex- 
tended over the greater part of the north of Ireland. In- 
telligence of this state of things reached Scotland, and 
soon other valuable helpers came over to assist them. 
Having libert} r to maintain the Presbyterian discipline, 
elders and deacons were chosen b}~ the churches, and ses- 
sions were constituted. The spirit of the revival con- 
tinued, and a marked change was apparent in the char- 
acter of the people. 


The Bishops, however, soon became jealous of the suc- 
cess of the Presbyterian ministers, and began to perse- 
cute them. Several were suspended and silenced, while 
the rigid imposition of Episcopal forms, no longer allowed 
any of them freedom of conscience. These things turned 
the attention of large numbers of both the clergy and 
people to America, and a band of emigrants set sail, 
1635, in the Eagle Wing. But contrary winds at first, 
and afterwards a severe storm, induced them to return to 
Ireland. God's time for planting this precious seed in 
the Xew World had not yet come. 

But there was no rest for them in Ireland. Xew meas- 
ures of persecution were adopted. The "Black" oath* 
was devised, and all Scotch residents in Ulster over six- 
teen 3'ears were obliged to take it. Those who refused, 
were punished with the highest penalties short of death. 
Some were fined, some cast into dungeons, while others 
fled to caves and forests, or made their escape to Scotland. 

Partial and temporary relief was experienced in 1640, 
when the English Parliament impeached the Earl of Straf- 
ford ; and then, in answer to the petition of Xorthern 
Presbyterians, it redressed certain of their more serious 
grievances. They were not permitted, however, to remain 
long quiet, and to do their appointed work. The terri- 
ble Popish rebellion of 1641 soon followed, when the cry 
of the rebels was, " Spare neither man, woman, nor child. 
The English are meat for dogs ; let not a drop of English 
blood be left within the kingdom." The sufferings of the 
Protestants, and especially of the ministers, were fearful. 
Storehouses land provisions were destroyed. Famine en- 
sued, and pestilence followed in its track. 

At length the Parliament of Scotland came to the aid 
of Ireland, and voted 3000 stand of arms and 10,000 men 

* It bound the juror never to oppose any of the King's commands. 


to put down the rebellion. After some months' delay, 
and several severe conflicts, the war was brought to a 
close ; and, with the cessation of hostilities, religion was 
again speedily established. The Irish establishment was 
overthrown, and upon its ruin speedily arose the simpler 
and better fabric of Presbyterianism. Most effectually 
had the rebellion silenced the oppressors of the Presby- 
terians. The return to their former homes of large num- 
bers of the original Scotch settlers, gave them the as- 
cendenc3 T . Chaplains of the Scotch regiments, who had 
helped to subdue the rebellion, were induced in many 
cases to remain, and their officers were ordained and 
served as elders of the newly constituted churches. It 
was in this way that the first regular Presbyteiy, consist- 
ing of five ministers and four ruling elders, was formed 
June 10th, 1642, in Ireland. Churches from this date were 
rapidly multiplied, additional ministers were induced to 
come over from Scotland, and many of the Episcopal 
clergy joined the Presbyteiy. In the meantime the West- 
minster Assembly met, and gave to Presbyterians, through- 
out the three kingdoms, a common Confession of Faith. 
This state of things continued up to the time of the 
execution of the King, in 1649. The Irish Presbyte- 
rians, whilst reluctant to recognize the authorit}- of the 
usurper, were not disposed to take any decided stand in 
favor of Charles II. Cromwell's course was generallj- 
judicious. He was ever ready to listen to any proposals 
for the spread of Protestant truth, and was careful to 
secure to all the libert} T of worship. His accession to 
power brought relief to such of the clerg} T as had become 
obnoxious to the political authorities for refusing to take 
the engagement oath.* Ministers now were left unmolested 
to pursue their calling. Churches revived, and within a 

* The oath framed by Parliament requiring submission to its 
authority, " without a King or House of Lords." 


few j*ears the Presbyter} 7 numbered eighty members. The 
order of the Church of Scotland was faithfully observed; 
and, in this period of uninterrupted prosperity, the Irish 
Presbyterian Church was established on a lasting and 
solid foundation. 

But another dark cloud gathered over Ulster when 
Charles II ascended the throne, and re-established the 
Episcopal Church in Ireland. His bigoted and intolerant 
Bishops, Bramhall and Leslie, adopted every possible 
measure to crush out the Presbyterians. A proclama- 
tion was issued forbidding all unlawful assemblies, and 
directing the sheriffs to disperse them. This was in- 
tended to prevent the meeting, both of Congregations and 
Presbyteries. All remonstrances were fruitless. The 
Bishops were resolved to expose the Presb}*terians to all 
the penalties the law could inflict, if the}* refused to con- 
form. The result was that, in Ulster alone, sixt}*-one 
ministers were deposed and ejected from their parishes, 
and curates sent to take possession of their churches. 
The trials and hardships endured by these clergymen 
were extreme, but they were bravely endured. 

Among these sufferers was Rev. Robert Craighead, one 
of the immortal thirteen ministers that constituted the 
Presbytery of Lagan. He was a Scotchman, the father 
of Rev. Thomas Craighead, who, in 1715 came to New 
England. His removal to Ireland was not later than 
1657 or 1658, for in that }*ear he commenced his min- 
istry at Donoughmore, where he was pastor for thirty 
3 T ears. Of the influence exerted by these exiled min- 
isters, Reid, in his history of the Irish Presbyterian 
Church, thus speaks : " These ministers enjoyed the 
painful though honorable pre-eminence of being the first 
to suffer in the three kingdoms. Thej* are, therefore, 
eminently entitled to the admiration and gratitude of 
posterity. The}* set an example of fortitude and integrity 


which prepared and encouraged their brethren in the 
sister kingdoms to act with similar magnanimity ; and thus 
conjointly exhibited to the world a convincing and in- 
structive proof of the power of religion and of conscience, 
unparalleled in the annals of the Church's history. Pres- 
byterianism in Ulster is indebted for its existence to 

Mr. Craighead removed, in 1689, to Londonderry, and 
was pastor there at the time its gates were closed against 
the army of King James. Escaping during the memor- 
able siege, he made his way to Glasgow, where a part of 
his family had preceded him, and were residing. His 
reception by the public authorities, as well as by his 
brethren in the Church of Scotland, was so spontaneous 
and cordial that, on subsequently publishing a volume 
entitled Advice to Communicants for Necessary Prepa- 
ration and Improvement of the Lord's Supper, he dedi- 
cated it to the Lord Provost, the Bailiffs, the Deacon 
Convener, and the inhabitants of Glasgow. 

Presbyterian ministers still continued to be subjected 
to the most unrelenting persecutions. An act was passed 
for burning the Solemn League and Covenant, and bon- 
fires were kindled for this purpose in all the cities and 
towns. Parliament adopted a declaration forbidding any 
person to preach in Ireland unless they conformed ; and 
the Lords Justices issued a proclamation, at the instiga- 
tion of the Bishops, in which the}?' declared that no further 
indulgence would be granted non-conformists b} T the state. 

The severity of these and other penal statutes was so 
far relaxed for a time, under the administration of the 
Duke of Ormond, that Presbyterian ministers began to 
preach publicly in barns, administer the sacraments at 
night, and finally ventured to build "preaching-houses." 
Their old congregations again gathered to hear them, so 


that we find, in 1669, the Church was enjoj-ing a certain 
degree of freedom and prosperity. The fidelity of the 
ministers and the loyal conduct of the members, won the 
favor of the King. As an expression of his approval he 
gave to the ministers of Ulster a yearly pension of £600, 
which, owing to their extreme poverty, they accepted 
with grateful feelings. Subsequently their loyalty was 
distrusted, and the oath of supremacy was exacted with 
great rigor. The soldiers of Lagan, mostly Presby- 
terians, refused to take it; while some ministers were in- 
dicted, convicted, and fined for holding a fast which was 
alleged to be illegal. Presbyterian meeting-houses were 
closed, and public worship interdicted. Other harassing 
restrictions were continued. So deplorable was the con- 
dition of the people in the Counties of Deny and Done- 
gal, in 1684, that the greater number of the ministers of 
the Presbyterj T of Lagan expressed their intention to re- 
move to America. From this purpose the}' were only 
dissuaded, by the opportune death of Charles II. 

The first acts of James II, with reference to Ireland, 
were to restore the Papac\', though he attempted to veil 
his design b} T publishing his famous declaration for 
liberty of conscience, and b} 7 suspending the execution 
of all penal laws for religious offences. He placed the 
army in the hands of Romanists; he filled all the chief 
civil offices and the new corporations of towns with 
Papists ; pensions were granted to Roman prelates, and 
the tithes given to the clergy of that church; and dispen- 
sations were bestowed upon those who would renounce 
Protestantism. The Romanists were exultant and trium- 
phant, while all classes of Protestants regarded the King 
as their common foe. 

Under these circumstances it needed but a spark to 
ignite the passions of a whole people. This was found 


in a letter dropped in the streets of Comber, warning an 
Irish earl of a general massacre of the Protestants on the 
following Sunday. Letters of similar purport were ad- 
dressed to others, so that fearful apprehensions were 
everywhere awakened. The memory of the horrid scenes 
of 1641 was yet fresh in the minds of all. The alarming 
intelligence spread very rapidly. On every side the 
Protestants armed, and stood prepared for any emer- 
gency. Happily, no massacre was attempted, but the 
popular fear led to the adoption of a measure which had 
a most important bearing upon the interests of the three 
kingdoms. This was the closing of the gates of Ennis- 
killen and Derry against the half-civilized Irish troops. 
The fate of the empire turned upon the siege of Derry. 
Its Bishop, Hopkins, though Puritan in doctrine, was a 
non-resistant, and strongly advised against closing the 
gates. But Presbyterian zeal could not be restrained. 
Several young men, by the advice of Rev. James Gordon, 
took forcible possession of the keys, and closed the gates 
against the Earl of Antrim's "red shanks." This saved 
Deny to the Protestants, and put an effectual barrier be- 
tween the victorious armies of James, and the contem- 
plated invasion of Scotland. 

The siege was commenced with an energy and a com- 
mand of resources, that promised a speedy reduction. 
But the brave garrison were resolved to perish rather 
than surrender ; and the valor and heroic endurance 
which they exhibited, have passed into one of the most 
thrilling and important chapters of history. But we will 
not dwell upon the terrible sufferings which were en- 
dured by the inhabitants of the city, during the one hun- 
dred and five da} T s they were confined within its walls, 
until at the urgent entreat}' of Rev. James Gordon, Kirk 
was induced to attempt its relief, and the Mountjoy and 


Phoenix finally reached the qua}~s of Deny, and thus 
raised the siege. 

Thus the arbitrary counsels of James II were defeated. 
The crown was secured to William of Orange, and the 
liberties of the empire were established on a firm, con- 
stitutional basis. 

During this warfare in Ulster, public worship was almost 
wholly suspended. The Presbyterian ministers were 
especially obnoxious to the insurgents, and were forced 
to flee. Most of these, with a large proportion of the 
members of their congregations, found a welcome in 
Scotland. Their numbers were so great in Glasgow, that 
the Presbyterian churches were insufficient to accommo- 
date them. The Inner High Church and the Tron Church, 
deserted churches of the establishment, were set apart 
for their use, and Rev. Robert Craighead, of Deny, and 
Rev. Thomas Kennedy, of Donoughmore, were appointed 
as regular preachers. These brethren were allowed the 
privilege of members in the Presbytery of Glasgow, and 
so acceptable and useful were their services, that a peti- 
tion was presented to the Irish ministers to permit them 
to continue their labors in the city. But with the close 
of the war most of the clergy, and these ministers among 
them, returned to their parishes, and their congrega- 
tions once more gathered around them. And when 
King William landed in Ireland he found the Presby- 
terians not only lo}'al, but entitled to his warm gratitude, 
for the zeal they had shown in his behalf and in the cause 
of constitutional freedom. 

The laws against dissenters were still in force, but 
owing to the known views of the King in favor of tolera- 
tion, they were for a brief period not enforced. But 
scarcely had the impending danger been removed, when 
a renewal of unfriendly feelings was displayed on the 


part of Episcopalians against Presb3 T terians. This, how- 
ever, was in opposition to the policy and wishes of 
William. He secured from the English Parliament the 
abolition of the oath of supremacy, which had been in 
force in Ireland since the reign of Elizabeth. As no 
Sacramental Test existed in Ireland, this would have 
opened all public employments, civil and militaiy, to Pres- 
b3 T terians. But the influence of the Bishops in the House 
of Lords defeated eveiy attempt to legalize the public 
worship of Presbyterians, unless the Sacramental Test 
should be also imposed. The vexations and disabilities 
to which they were subjected, became still more oppres- 
sive upon the accession of a Tory ministry in England, 
and the ascendency of the High Church party. The 
Bishops were jealous of the growing influence of the Pres- 
byterian clergy, and, as they could no longer visit upon 
them the penalties of the statutes, they had resort to the 
press. Dr. William King, Bishop of Derry, published a 
controversial pamphlet, entitled a Discourse on the In- 
ventions of Man in the Worship of God. in which he 
maintained that the Presbyterian worship was unlawful 
and unscriptural ; that the people were very inadequately 
instructed by their ministers in the principles of religion; 
that the Scriptures were scarcely ever read in their re- 
ligious assemblies; that few attended public worship, and 
that the Lord's Supper was generally neglected. This 
called forth two antagonists, Rev. Robert Craighead, "a 
venerable minister of Derry," and Rev. Robert Boyse, of 
Dublin, "a still more able and accomplished polemic." 
Bishop King replied in an "Admonition," in 1694, to 
which Mr. Bo}*se rejoined, which was followed by a sec- 
ond admonition from the Bishop, which was answered by 
Mr. Craighead. 

The latter also replied, in 1710, to a challenge sent by 


Rev. John Campbell, an Episcopal clergyman residing 
near Antrim, to Presbyterian ministers to produce a 
warrant from Scripture for Presbyters ordaining or 
ruling without a bishop. In addition to his other works 
already mentioned, Mr. Craighead published a volume 
entitled Advice for Assurance of Salvation, a sequel 
to the work issued in Glasgow, 1695 ; and another in Bel- 
fast, under the title Walking with God, Explained by 
Scripture Rule and Pattern, and Proved to be the Duty of 
all to Endeavor to it. These works on experimental and 
practical religion were of much value in their da} r , and 
by means of them Mr. Craighead extended his useful- 
ness even to old age. He died respected and beloved in 
Deny in 1711. 

His son, Rev. Robert Craighead, Jr., was born in 
Derry, 1684, was educated at the University of Glasgow, 
and studied divinity at Edinburgh and Leyden. He was 
ordained in Dublin, 1709, and settled in a joint pastorate 
with Rev. Mr. Iredell over the Capel Street congrega- 
tion, Dublin. Here he remained until his death, 1738, 
an honored and trusted minister of the Irish Presb}-- 
terian Church. 

He was Moderator of the Irish Synod in 1719, at the 
time when that body was fiercely agitated by discussions 
concerning the Deity of Christ, and the propriety of re- 
quiring licentiates and ministers to subscribe to the 
Westminster Confession of Faith. In his sermon, 1720, 
which is described as "one of earnestness and eloquence," 
though positive and decided in the expression of his 
views on the Divinity of Christ and the doctrine of the 
Trinity, he favored moderation towards his brethren who 
had scruples about subscription to the Confession, or to 
any human creed whatever. 

Owing to the large emigration of Presbyterians from 


Ireland to America, on account of the disabilities they 
suffered, the Lords Justices inquired of Messrs. Iredell 
and Craighead the cause of it. They corresponded with 
the northern Presbyteries, and embodied their answers 
in a memorial which the}* addressed to the Justices. 
The Archbishop in transmitting this memorial to the 
Lord Lieutenant, then in England, denied its represen- 
tations. The ministers sent Mr. Craighead to London 
for the purpose of still further explaining the memorial, 
and to settle some matters connected with the Royal 
Bounty. He was introduced and recommended by Pri- 
mate Boulter to Sir Robert Walpole, and succeeded in 
arranging respecting the Bounty, but failed to have the 
civil grievances removed. He was commissioned by the 
Synod, two years afterwards, 1731, to go to London and 
urge the repeal of the Sacramental Test. Though he 
met with a favorable reception, and for a time it was sup- 
posed the object was gained, all their hopes were dis- 

We will not trace farther the history of the efforts of 
Irish Presb^'terians to secure a legal toleration. We 
have called attention to it for the purpose of showing 
what they suffered for conscience sake, and how they 
were educated and disciplined in God's providence, and 
thus prepared for the great work He designed to accom- 
plish by them in the Xew World. 

It was not until H80 that the Test Act was repealed, 
and it was two years later when marriages solemnized 
by Presbyterians, were pronounced valid. Temporary 
relief was secured for short periods, but the hardships of 
intolerance were ever recurring. Against all these dis- 
advantages and evils the Presbyterians of Ireland were 
forced to contend; but, in the face of all these difficulties 


and discouragements, the Church advanced in numbers 
and strength. 

One of the most serious obstacles to its growth at this 
period was the prevalent disposition to emigrate to 
America. When the Lord Lieutenant reached Dublin in 
1713 several of the'ministers laid before him their griev- 
ances. They complained especially of the Sacramental 
Test, and assured him that "their melancholy apprehen- 
sions have put several of us upon thoughts of transplant- 
ing ourselves into America, that we may there in the 
wilderness enjo3 r , by the blessing of God, that ease and 
quiet to our consciences, persons, and families, which is 
denied us in our native countiy." But it was in vain 
that they petitioned for relief, and from this time the 
tide of emigration to America fairly commenced. A 
minister of Ulster, writing to a friend in Scotland, in 
1718, laments the desolation occasioned in that region 
"by the removal of several of our brethren to the Ameri- 
can plantations. Not less than six ministers have de- 
mitted their congregations, and great numbers of the 
people go with them." Ten years later Archbishop 
Boulter wrote to the English Secretary of State respect- 
ing the extensive emigration to America : "The humor 
has spread like a contagious distemper; and the worst is 
that it affects onl} T Protestants, and reigns chiefly in the 

About the same time we find James Logan, the Presi- 
dent of the Proprietary Council of Pennsylvania, who 
had identified himself with the Quakers, and was prej- 
udiced against the emigrants from Ireland, expressing 
"the common fear that if they (the Scotch-Irish) con- 
tinue to come, they will make themselves proprietors of 
the province." He further, in 1729, expresses "himself 
glad to find that the Parliament is about to take measures 


to prevent their too free emigration to this country. It 
looks as if Ireland is to send all her inhabitants hither ; 
for last week not less than six ships arrived, and every 
day two or three arrive also." Dr. Baird, in his history 
of Religion in America states that, "from 1729 to 1750, 
about 12,000 annually came from Ulster to America." 

These emigrants landed at the ports of Boston, Phila- 
delphia, and Charleston. Comparatively few entered the 
country by way of New England. Those that did so, 
settled mainty in New Hampshire ; while others found 
their way to Pennsylvania, and helped swell the tide 
which was pouring into this State by way of Philadelphia. 
These Irish settlers occupied the eastern and middle 
Counties bordering on the wilderness still occupied b}' 
the Indians. Such as landed at Charleston, located them- 
selves on the fertile lands of North and South Carolina 
and Georgia, The settlers in Pennsylvania afterwards 
turned southward through the valley of Virginia, till, 
" meeting those extending northward from the Carolinas, 
the emigration passed westward to the country then 
called ' beyond the mountains,' now known as Kentucky 
and Tennessee." At a later period Western Pennsylva- 
nia was occupied by the descendants of the settlers in 
the middle counties of the State, with Pittsburg as a 
centre. From these points of radiation the Scotch-Irish 
have extended to all parts of the country, and being an 
intelligent, resolute, and energetic people, have left their 
name and mark in every State of the Union. 

With scarcely an exception these Scotch and Irish set- 
tlers were Protestants, and connected with the Presby- 
terian Church. Wherever the}* formed a settlement, 
they were not more prompt to erect houses in which to 
live, than to organize congregations for Christian wor- 
ship. The Westminster Confession of Faith, with its 



Catechisms and its Directory of Worship, was endeared 
to them by 3 T ears of trial and persecution abroad ; and the 
doctrines and the polity of the Presbyterian Church they 
were resolved to maintain for themselves and for their 
children. They had fled from civil oppression and relig- 
ious tyrann} r , incited by Episcopalians and Romanists, 
and in their new homes they were zealous in maintaining 
an ecclesiastical organization, which they reverenced as 
the offspring of religious liberty. 

Their youth, at this early period, " were generally edu- 
cated at home, and under parental instruction, and 
trained to obedience and subordination, as the unbending 
law of the family. The schools established by Presby- 
terian ministers, confirmed and extended the home edu- 
cation. The impress of such instrumentalities was not 
only manifested in the families of church members, but 
by association and influence extended beyond the pale 
of organized congregations ; and their tendency was to 
reform and elevate public sentiment and morals, as well 
as the habits and manners of the people."* 

" The mass of these emigrants were men of intelli- 
gence, resolution, energy, religious, and moral character, 
having means that enabled them to supply themselves 
with suitable selections of land, on which they made 
permanent homes for their families, "f and from which 
the}^ derived an ample support. By their own enterprise 
and industry they hewed out for themselves valuable farms 
from the primeval forest ; and the toils, sacrifices, and 
perils, incident to their life in the New World, formed in 
both men and women the characters which were requisite 
to endure the hardships and dangers of their frontier 
situation. These traits of character were manifest also in 

* Chambers, 160. f Chambers, 145. 


their descendants. Brought up under such training and 
education, they have since been " the pioneers and 
founders of settlements in the northwestern territory and 
the States formed out of it, and have been amongst the 
most prominent, useful, and distinguished citizens of the 
Republic."* " They were a God-fearing, liberty-loving, 
tyrant-hating, Sabbath-keeping, covenant-adhering race; 
trained by trials, made resolute by oppression, governed 
by conscience, and destined to achieve a mission and 
place in the history of the Church and the race."f 

This large and valuable emigration from Ireland and 
Scotland, gave a sudden impulse to the growth of the 
Presbj T terian Church in this countiy. It was no very 
unusual thing for the pastor, when he landed on our 
shores, to be accompanied with nearly his entire flock. 
Thus they brought with them the framework of Christian 
institutions, and gave bone and muscle at once to the 
Church and to society. Of the early ministers a very large 
proportion were from the Irish Church. Francis Make- 
mie (1632) was a member of Lagan Presbyteiy. George 
McNish (1705) was from Ulster. John Henry (1709) was 
ordained by the Presbytery of Dublin. John Mackey was 
from Ireland. Samuel Young, of New Castle Presbyter}', 
belonged originally to the Presbyteiy of Armagh. Rob- 
ert Cross, Alexander Hutcheson, Thomas Craighead, 
Joseph Houston, Adam Boj'd, John Wilson, and many 
other useful and honored ministers, were accessions to 
the ministry of the Presbyterian Church in this country 
previous to 1730. And from this period the number who 
came was continually on the increase. 

We have glanced also at the circumstances and influ- 
ences, in connection with which, these ministers and their 

* Chambers, 148. f Kiddle. 


people bad received their training. Descended originally 
from a Scottish ancestry, they had been made to know 
and feel the cruelty of Romanism and the persecuting 
spirit of the Established Church ; they had learned to 
prize their own simple forms of worship, and their sum- 
mary of sound doctrine ; nor could the terrors or the bribes 
of power seduce them from their loyalty to the Church, 
at once of their convictions and affections. Nothing 
could alienate their hearts from the faith and discipline 
which they regarded as most nearly accordant with the 
Word of God. 

Inspired by such feelings and memories, and with un- 
swerving loyalty to the Scriptures, the Scotch-Irish emi- 
grants were just the material needed to give consistenc}' 
and endurance to a free Presbyterian system, consisting 
of diverse and not always homogeneous elements. Adher- 
ing, perhaps too strongly, to the jure divino system, and 
perhaps hardly able to do full justice to that independency 
which had met them in Ireland in a persecuting and op- 
pressive form, they had that aversion to Episcopal cere- 
monial and Romish corruptions which could have been 
produced only in circumstances of actual conflict, and 
which gave in a large degree to the Presbyterian 
Church, on these western shores, its emphatically Prot- 
estant leanings and Anti-Prelatical spirit. Of all the 
elements which entered into the structure of the Presby- 
terian Church in this country, none can be named of more 
sterling worth, more ardent piety, more intelligent adhe- 
sion to their avowed principles and system of faith and 
order, than the emigrants of the Irish Presbyterian 

Nor would it be difficult to prove to the satisfaction of 
all sincere inquirers after truth, that we are indebted to 
these same men " for the germs of our civil liberties and 


institutions, as really as for our own noble system of faith 
and order."* As might be expected from their ante- 
cedents and providential training, they were ardent lovers, 
and strong defenders of civil liberty. They hated tyranny 
with almost "perfect hatred." They had received a dis- 
cipline that could never be lost, and of all the memories 
of childhood none could remain more fresh and impres- 
sive, "than those received from the lips of parents num- 
bered among the heroic champions of freedom at Deny 
and Enniskillen." And the earliest Scotch-Irish emi- 
grants to America were men who had been participants, 
or children of those who were participants, in the terrible 
drama which closed with the battle of the Boyne. Ac- 
cordingly we find that these men were among the earliest 
champions of freedom, and the most earnest and persist- 
ent defenders of the rights of the people, as against the 
unjust exactions of the British government. No less an 
authority than the historian Bancroft states that, " The 
first public voice in America for dissolving all connection 
with Great Britain came not from the Puritans of New 
England, the Dutch of New York, nor the planters of 
Virginia, but from Scotch-Irish Presbyterians.'''' 

A single illustration of 'the spirit and resolution of this 
class of our citizens during the war for independence, is 
all that can be here given. And we will be pardoned if 
we derive our facts from the history of Cumberland 
County, Pennsylvania — a County in which the writer was 
born, and with which he is consequently familiar. 

The freemen of this County were among the veiy first 
to conclude "that the safety and welfare of the Colonies 
did render separation from the mother country neces- 
sary." The first public expression of that sentiment, 

* Riddle. 


embodied in a memorial to the Assembly of the Province, 
may be seen in the national archives.* This memorial 
was presented to the Assembly on the 28th of May, 1776, 
and was designed, besides expressing the present con- 
victions of the people under new and changed circum- 
stances, to withdraw previous instructions given in 1775 
to their delegates, wherein they had expressed their dis- 
sent to any proposition looking towards dissolving their 
relations to the home government. This memorial was 
considered by the Assembly, instructions in conformity 
to it reported, adopted, and signed, June 14th, by the 
speaker. It bears evidence that the people of the County- 
were in advance of their representatives in the Assem- 
bly, and in Congress. 

The spirit that led to this declaration of Independence 
did not evaporate in memorials and resolutions. We 
will see that these brave words were followed by equally 
brave deeds, when the call was made upon them to meet 
the enemies of their country. The news of the battle of 
Lexington, April 19th, 1775, was conveyed to this distant 
frontier province by the post horse (the swiftest means 
of intelligence at the time), and immediately aroused the 
patriotic indignation and fervor of the inhabitants. 
Military associations were speedily formed for the pro- 
tection of their imperilled rights. Thousands of freemen 
throughout the State rallied to the national defence. 
The American Archives^ contains a letter from Carlisle, 
under date of May 6th, 1775, which states that on the 
5th "the County Committee met from nineteen town- 
ships on the short notice they had. Above three thou- 
sand men have already associated, the arms returned 

* Amer. Archives, 4th series, vol. 5, p. 850. 
f Vol. 2, p. 516. 


amounted to about fifteen hundred. The committee have 
voted five hundred effective men, besides commissioned 
officers, to be immediately drafted, taken into pay, armed, 
and disciplined, to march on the first emergency, to be 
paid and supported as long as necessary, by a tax on all 
estates, real and personal, in the County." In a very 
short time, the inflexible purpose of these men was 
evinced, by a number of companies marching to join the 
army under Washington in the siege of Boston. 

Such had been the depletion of the American army 
during the first year of the war, that a call was made upon 
Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland to furnish 10,000 
men to constitute a flying camp for the protection of those 
parts of the country, especially exposed to pillage by the 
enemy. What response was given to this appeal we learn 
from letters sent by the County Committee to the Presi- 
dent of Congress, and preserved in the fifth volume of 
the American Archives. Under date of July 14th, 1776, 
they say : " We think ourselves warranted in stating 
that we shall be able to send five companies, one from 
each batallion, and three companies of militia for the 
present emergency, some of whom will march this week." 
" The spirit of marching to the defence of our country is 
so prevalent in this town (Carlisle), that we shall not 
have men left sufficient to mount guard, and we shall be 
obliged to hire a guard of twelve men from the County." 
The same committee in a letter to Congress, July 31st, 
1*776, state ? "The inhabitants have voluntarily and very 
generally offered their services, and it appears to us that 
eleven companies will be sufficiently armed and accou- 
tred, and the last of them marched from this place in 
about a week." Another letter, bearing date August 
16th, 1776, informs Congress that "the twelfth company 
marched to-day, which companies contain, in the whole, 


eight hundred and thirty-three privates, with officers, 
nearly nine hundred men. Six companies more are col- 
lecting arms, and are preparing to march." 

It must also be borne in mind that at the very time 
these volunteer forces, in such surprising numbers, were 
marching to battle, there were then in the Continental 
army a great man}* officers and soldiers from this County, 
who had entered it the previous year. Reinforcements 
for the army continued to be thus furnished, as the pub- 
lic exigencies of the Revolutionary struggle required, so 
that by its close " almost every man able to carry arms 
had been in the military service of his country."* 

These were not holidaj* soldiers, but men inured to 
toil and exposure ; accustomed to the use of firearms, but 
unacquainted with the discipline of the regular army. 
What they lacked in experience, was largely supplied by 
the clearness and firmness of their convictions of the 
justice of the cause that had summoned them to arms. 
They were able, if circumstances required the sacrifice, to 
march without tents or baggage wagons ; their knap- 
sacks furnishing them their food, and their blankets their 
only covering at night. Many of their officers were either 
ministers or ruling elders of the Presbyterian congrega- 
tions, from which the men in the ranks had been enrolled. 
The suspicion of being even lukewarm in the service, 
much more that of being a Tory, was a reproach and 
stigma upon a man's character; if it did not, as there is 
evidence that it sometimes did, bring upon him the dis- 
cipline of the Church. It is not surprising, therefore, 
that when, three years after the war closed, in a notice 
for the sale of forfeited estates of persons attainted of 
treason, there icas not one in the County of Cumberland. 

* Chambers. 


Where, in any part of the country, or in any of the 
Colonies, was there more patriotism, or more bravery 
shown than by the Scotch and Scotch-Irish soldiers of 
this Count}' ? These men were largely the descendants 
of Ulster Presbyterians. Their fathers' resistance had 
prevented the restoration of the reign of the Stuarts, 
and upheld English liberty when in danger of perishing 
under the shadow of restored Papal supremacy. And 
their children, not unmindful of their lineage and train- 
ing, threw all their influence, yea, freely offered their 
property and their lives at this critical juncture, to secure 
the liberties and independence of the country. 

The spirit which these men manifested, had been fos- 
tered by the Presbyterian ministers of the congregations 
to which nearly all of them were attached. This was the 
all-pervading element in the Count}'. And here, as every- 
where else, the tendency of Presbyterianism was to a 
republican form of government. Wherever it prevailed, 
there were to be found "the germs of our civil liberties 
and institutions;" and it was in the Presbyterian com- 
munities in Pennsylvania, Virginia, and North Carolina, 
that the voice of the people was first heard in favor of 
the independence of the Colonies, and those earnest, 
active, co-operative efforts were pursued, which finally 
made us a nation of freemen. 

But it was not alone in military service that these men 
were efficient and distinguished. Having by long years 
of toil and heroic endurance achieved the independence 
of a nation, they took their places subsequently among 
those most eminent in its councils. Their talents, their 
experience, their unswerving integrity, and their patriot- 
ism, were all brought into requisition, for they were 
called by a grateful people to fill many of the highest 
offices in the Republic. A large number (proportion- 


ately) of the descendants of the Scotch-Irish of this 
country have been elevated to the Presidenc} 7 , to the Su- 
preme Bench of the United States, and to the Supreme 
Court of the several States, to the United States Senate, 
and to other positions of honor and responsibility. In 
every community also where they have settled, the}' have 
shown themselves the firm friends of education and re- 
ligion; moral, intelligent, virtuous, patriotic, prominent 
citizens; judicious in counsel and inflexible in the dis- 
charge of duty; and in the times of danger and peril, 
brave, fearless, and unconquerable. 

As our tribute to the memory of these noble men — the 
fathers of the Scotch and Scotch-Irish of this country — we 
desire to offer this brief sketch. We do it the more cheer- 
fully and heartily, since the blood of some of these early 
settlers flows in our own veins; and because the principles 
which they cherished and vindicated by their lives and 
sacred honor, were first taught, and afterwards most ably 
and successful^ maintained, by m} r immediate and direct 
ancestry, whose lives and deeds I now proceed specifi- 
cally to record. 




EEV. THOMAS CRAIGHEAD was the son of Rev. 
Robert Craighead, a native of Scotland, who removed to 
Ireland and was settled as pastor of the Presbyterian 
Church of Donoughmore in 1657-58, where he labored 
for thirty years. He was subsequently minister at Lon- 
donderry, when the gates of the city were closed against 
the Papal forces of James II, whose purpose was to mas- 
sacre the Protestants ; and escaped during the second 
da} r of the siege, and made his way to Glasgow, Scot- 
land. He afterwards returned to Ireland, and died in 
Londonderry, 1711. 

His son Thomas was educated in Scotland as a physi- 
cian, and married the daughter of a Scotch laird. After 
practicing medicine for a time, he became much depressed 
in spirits, and his wife inquiring the cause, he informed 
her that his conscience upbraided him for not preaching 
the Gospel. She at once assured him, that she would not 
stand in the way of what he considered his dut} T . Ac- 
cordingly, he soon after abandoned the practice of medi- 
cine, studied divinity, and was a pastor for several years 
in Ireland, principally at Donegal. In consequence, how- 
ever, of the oppressions endured by the Presbyterians of 
that country from the government and from the Estab- 
lished Church, and their past experience giving them 
but little hope of any permanent relief, large numbers of 
the people determined to emigrate to America. 

Among these emigrants was Thomas Craighead, who 
came to New England in 1715, accompanied by Rev. 
William Homes, who was married to Mr. Craighead's 


sister Catharine. Mr. Homes settled at Martha's Vine- 
yard, and is buried with his wife, at Chilmark. Their 
eldest son Robert was a sea-captain, resided in Boston, 
and married Maiy, a sister of Benjamin Franklin. 

The first public mention made of Thomas Craighead 
in this country is by Cotton Mather, who speaks of him 
as preaching at Freetown, which was about forty miles 
south of Boston, and urges the people to do all in their 
power to have him settle among them. He appears to 
have been a relative of Mr. Hathaway, of that town, and 
probably had gone there in the first instance at that gen- 
tleman's invitation. Mather writing to a friend entreats 
the people " to give a demonstration of the wisdom that 
is from above," by encouraging Mr. Craighead in his 
work, and says, " That he was a man of an excellent spirit, 
and a great blessing to the plantation ; a man of singular 
piety, meekness, humility, and industry in the work of 
God. All that are acquainted with him have a precious 
esteem of him, and if he should be driven from among 
you, it would be such a damage, yea, such a ruin, as is 
not without horror to be thought of." 

The efforts made for his settlement in Freetown were 
unsuccessful, for we find a notice in President Stiles's 
papers of his coming "to the Jerseys" in the spring of 
1723. Whether he came direct from this town, or 
preached in other places in New England previous to his 
removal, we cannot now determine. On page one hun- 
dred and ninety-five of the New England Historical 
Register we have an extract from the diary of Jeremiah 
Bumstead, which refers to a meeting held in the Old 
South Church, Boston, June 19th, 1722, at which Mr. 
Craighead officiated. In the } r ear 1724 (January 28th) he 
became a member of New Castle Presbytery, which at that 
period included portions of Maryland, Pennsylvania, 


and Delaware, and is spoken of in the minutes as hav- 
ing " lately come from New England."* He received a 
call from White Clay Creek, Delaware, in February of 
the same year, and accepted it on the condition that he 
should have the privilege of preaching every third Sab- 
bath at Brandywine. He was installed September 22d, 
1724, and continued his ministry with this people for a 
period of seven 3'ears. According to the Records of 
the Presbyterian Church, 1706-1788, he was Moderator 
of the Synod in 1726, and was present at the formal 
adoption of the Westminster Confession and Catechisms, 
as also of the Explanation of the Adopting Act.f 

Mr. Craighead removed to Lancaster County, Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1733, and September 3d of the same year, united 
with Donegal Presbytery, when a call was placed in his 
hands from the Church at Pequea. This he accepted, 
and was installed pastor October 31st, Rev. Mr. Ander- 
son presiding. The Presb}<teiy in its minutes alwa}'S 
speaks of him as "Father Craighead," either out of re- 
spect and veneration for his years, or from a special af- 
fection for him. That he was respected for his talents 
and learning, and loved for his genial spirit and pietj T , 
there are abundant proofs. He was very active in plant- 
ing and building up churches in the region. "His 
preaching was remarkably fervent, and often attended 
with revivals. His theology was strictly conformed to 
the Westminster Confession, for which he displayed a 
special attachment, and which he was the first to sub- 
scribe, both in Xew Castle and Donegal Presbyteries. "J 

While pastor at Pequea, in the spring of 1736, the ses- 
sion of the Church complained to the Presbytery because 

* Hodge, vol. 1, p. 97. f Hodge, p. 182 and 7. 

% Dr. Wing, in Men of Mark. 


Mr. Craighead debarred his wife from the communion 
table. The matter was fully considered during its next 
session, and as there were no hopes of settling the diffi- 
culty, Presbytery in September judged it expedient to 
dissolve the pastoral relation. At the same meeting Mr. 
Craighead was appointed b}' the Presbytery to supply 
" the people of the Conodoguinet," by which was meant 
the congregation whose place of worship was at Meeting 
House Springs, from one to two miles northwest of Carlisle, 
in Cumberland County. After fulfilling this appointment, 
and a subsequent one at Hopewell, he received a call 
from the latter people, which he desired to accept ; but 
as there were difficulties respecting "the boundaries" 
between this congregation and that of Pennsborough, ac- 
tion in the case was delayed. He, in the meantime, sup- 
plied the church at Hopewell, whose place of meeting was 
at "the Big Spring," now Newville. 

The same difficulty which had interfered with his use- 
fulness in his last charge followed him to Hopewell, and 
was again fully considered at two successive meetings of 
Presbytery. Both Mr. Craighead and his wife appeared 
before that bocty. The former finally consented that the 
session should allow his wife to come to the Lord's table ; 
and the latter stated that "she had nothing to complain 
of against her husband except this single act, and that 
he had uniformly treated her with kindness." By this 
means the trouble was amicably settled — a trouble which 
probably arose from there being two families in the same 
house ; for the Presbyter}', in consenting to withdraw all 
action in the case, instructed him that " his son John 
and family must no longer continue to live with him." 

Presbytery declaring itself satisfied with this settle- 
ment of the domestic difficulty, and the boundary be- 
tween the congregations of Pennsborough and Hopewell 


being fixed, the latter renewed their call, which was ac- 
cepted, Nov. 16th, 1*737. The installation was ordered 
to take place " at some convenient time before the next 
stated meeting," and occurred October, 1138, his son, 
Rev. Alexander Craighead, conducting the services on 
the occasion. 

Mr. Craighead's pastorate at Newville, however, was 
of only a short duration. He was now far advanced in 
life, though his earnestness and power remained un- 
abated. A descendant of his (Mr. Thomas Craighead, 
formerly of Whitehill, Pa.) states, that under his impas- 
sioned sermons not infrequently his audience would be 
melted to tears, and the emotions of his hearers became 
so intense that they were unwilling to disperse at the 
proper time. On one of these occasions, near the close 
of April, H39, he became exhausted, and hastened to 
pronounce the benediction ; and waving his hand he 
exclaimed, "Farewell! farewell!" and sank down and 
expired in the pulpit. His remains are said to have been 
placed under the corner-stone of the present house of 
worship at Newville. 

Mr. Craighead had four sons and one daughter : 
Thomas, a farmer at White CLry Creek, whose daughter 
Elizabeth married Rev. Matthew Wilson, father of Rev. 
Dr. J. P. Wilson, pastor of the First Presbyterian Church 
of Philadelphia; John, who removed to Pennsylvania 
and was a large landholder four miles south of Carlisle, 
and whose descendants still possess the paternal mansion 
and^roperty ; Jane, the only daughter, who married Rev. 
Adam Boyd, pastor for forty-four years of the Presbyte- 
rian Church at the forks of the Brandy wine ; Andrew, 
who lived and died unmarried at White Clay Creek, Del- 
aware; and Alexander, who was early introduced into the 
ministry, and was installed over the church at Middle 


Octorara, Lancaster Count}', Pennsylvania, in November, 
1*735. The latter was a man of marked abilit} r , original 
in thought and fearless in the expression of his opinions, 
and with the power to move multitudes by his eloquent 
and impassioned discourses. He was a friend and earnest 
supporter of Whitefield, and a zealous promoter of revi- 
vals. After removing from Penns3 7 lvania to Virginia he 
made his final home at Sugar Creek, North Carolina, 
where he died in March, 1766. His numerous descend- 
ants dwell in the South and Southwest, where many of 
them have occupied positions of honor and responsi- 


2. Thomas, born 1702; married Margaret Brown. 

3. Andrew, " ; died unm., at White Clay Creek, Del. 

4. Alexander, " ; died March, 1766, at Sugar Creek, N. C. 

5. John, " ; married Rachel K . 

6. Jane or Janet, born ; married Kev. Adam Boyd. 



THOMAS CEAIGHEAD, son of Rev. Thomas and 
Margaret Craighead, was born in Ireland, in 1702, and 
removed with his father to Xew England in 1715, and 
from thence to White Clay Creek, Delaware, where he 
resided on his farm* until his death in August, 17:35. He 
married, near Boston, Margaret Brown, daughter of 
George Brown, merchant, near Deny, in Ireland. Her 
oldest brother, Robert John Brown, was a merchant, and 
removed to Carolina, where he died. Margaret was born 
in Ireland in 1702, died September 13th, 1765, and was 

* Purchased by Eev. Thomas in 1727, and contained 402 acres. 


buried, with her husband and her husband's mother, in 
White Clay Creek graveyard. A large slab is over their 
graves, with this inscription, "In memory of Margaret, 
the wife of the Rev. Thomas Craghead, who died in 
1738, aged 74 years ; and of Thomas, his son, deceased 
in 1735, aged 33 years ; and of Margaret, his wife, who 
died in 1765, aged 63. Descended from religious fami- 
lies, they were eminent for piety, much esteemed in life, 
and lamented in death." 


7. Kobert, born June 1, 1721 ; died unm. in the East Indies. 

8. Margaret, " March 3, 1723 ; married John Miller, Esq.. 

9. Ann, ■« July 1, 1725; mar. Kev. Alex. McDowell. 

10. Thomas, " May 6, 1727; died unmarried in Virginia. 

11. Elizabeth, " Aug. 8, 1729; married 1, Captain James 

Mackey, and 2. Rev. Matthew "Wilson. 

12. William, born June 13, 1731 ; mar. Mildred Thompson. 

13. George, " May 10, 1733 ; married Ann Brattain. 

14. Patrick, " Feb. 4, 1735; died unmarried August 30, 

1782, and is buried in the Market Street Graveyard, Phila. 

REV. ALEXANDER CRAIGHEAD "-as the grandson 

of Rev. Robert Craighead, of Dublin, Ireland, and the son 
of Rev. Thomas Craighead, who came to New England in 
1715, and who after preaching six years in Massachusetts, 
removed to Delaware, and subsequently to Pennsylvania, 
where he died. So far as known Alexander passed his 
youth in his father's family, where he probably acquired 
the greater part of his education, including his knowl- 
edge of the classics, which then, as now, was deemed 
essential to a Presbyterian clergyman. His study of 
divinity was either under the direction of his father, or 


some neighboring minister. He was taken under the 
care of Donegal Presbyter} 7 , June 7th, 1734 — in the 
bounds of which his father was pastor, and his trial- 
pieces for licensure assigned him. These were heard and 
approved, and he was licensed October 16th, 1734, and 
ordered to suppy the frontier settlements "over the river." 

The first congregation "over the river "was on the 
Conodoguinet, about two miles north of Carlisle, at Meet- 
ing-House Springs ; to which John Penn gave three hun- 
dred acres of land for the church and parsonage. In the 
old graveyard of the church, there are still tombstones 
"with coats of arms graven on them." Mr. Craighead 
was their first supply in 1734, and consequently was the 
first clergyman who preached west of the Susquehanna. 
A call was placed in his hands April 4th, 1735, from Mid- 
dle Octorara, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, which he 
accepted in the following June, and was ordained and in- 
stalled on the 20th of November of the same year. 

Mr. Craighead is represented by his contemporaries as 
an earnest, fervid preacher, and as a zealous promoter of 
revivals. Rev. Mr. Blair speaks of a sermon preached 
by him, which produced such a state of feeling in the au- 
dience, that "some burst out with an audible noise into 
bitter crying." He was a great admirer and friend of 
Whitefiekl, whom he accompanied in some of his preach- 
ing tours. With Messrs. Tennent, Blair, and Craighead, 
Whitefiekl traversed Chester Count}', and as the}' rode 
along "the} 7 made the woods ring, most sweetly singing 
and praising God." 

His zeal in revival measures, and his sympathy with 
the Tennents, whose cause he warmly espoused, rendered 
him obnoxious to the more rigid and conservative of his 
brethren. His zeal was not always tempered with the 
highest wisdom, nor was his spirit as charitable as it 


might have been, as was evinced by his persisting to 
preach within the bounds of the congregation of a neigh- 
boring pastor, who failed he thought to preach the whole 
Gospel ; and by his insisting upon new terms of commu- 
nion, which required parents when they brought their 
children for baptism to adopt the Solemn League and 
Covenant. Accordingly these two things, together with 
that of absenting himself from ecclesiastical meetings, 
were made subjects of complaint to his Presbytery, which 
met bj r appointment in his church to investigate the 
charges. When the members came to the church they 
found Mr. Craighead preaching from the text, " Let them 
alone, they be blind leaders of the blind ;" and in their 
report to Sj'nod the} r speak of the sermon as a " con- 
tinued invective against Pharisee preachers, and the Pres- 
bytery as given over to judicial blindness and hardness." 
At its close, the Presbytery and the people were invited to 
repair to " the tent" to hear his defence read. The Pres- 
bytery declined to attend, and were proceeding to busi- 
ness in the church, when such a tumult was raised that 
they were obliged to withdraw. At the meeting next 
day Mr. Craighead appeared and had his protest again 
read, in which he declined the jurisdiction of the Presby- 
tery, on the ground that they were all his accusers. 
They suspended him for contumacy, " directing, however, 
that if he should signify his sorrow for his conduct to any 
member, that member should notify the moderator, who 
was to call the Presbytery together to consider his 
acknowledgment and take off the suspension."* 

At the meeting of Synod, May, 1*741, Mr. Craighead 
appeared and was enrolled as a regular member, although 
he had refused to submit to trial by his Presbytery, and 

* Hodge, vol. 2, p. 172. 


was therefore clearly not entitled to appeal to a higher 
judicatory. This point, however, was waived in his favor, 
and the Synod took up the question of his right to a seat, 
and consumed the balance of the week discussing it, with- 
out coming to a decision; when the proceedings were in- 
terrupted by the protest of Rev. Mr. Cross and others, 
which separated the conflicting parties and divided the 

In the division of the Sj*nod Mr. Craighead joined the 
New Brunswick party, but did not remain long with it, 
because the Presbyteries composing it refused to adopt 
the Solemn League and Covenant. Soon after he pub- 
lished his reasons for withdrawing, the chief of which 
was, that neither the Synod nor the Presbyteries had 
adopted the Westminster Standards by a public act. 
He, at this time, united with the Covenanters, and almost 
immediately opened a correspondence with the Reformed 
Presbytery of Scotland, " declaring his adherence to 
their sentiments and methods, and soliciting helpers," 
who might assist him to contend for "the whole of the 
faith." The immediate results which followed this appli- 
cation we do not know; but before many ministers could 
be induced to come to his help, Mr. Craighead removed 
to Virginia, and leaving his more recent ecclesiastical re- 
lations, united again with New Castle Preslrvteiy, and 
was a member of the Synod of New York in IT 53. He 
was dismissed from the latter Presbytery in 1755, to form 
the new Presbytery of Hanover. 

An event occurred during the period of Mr. Craig- 
head's residence in Pennsylvania, which we cannot pass 
over, on account of its influence and bearing on his fu- 
ture life and work. With an ardent love of personal lib- 
ert}^ and freedom of opinion, he was also far in advance 
of his ministerial brethren in his views of civil govern- 


ment and religious liberty. These views he gave to the 
public in a pamphlet which attracted so much attention 
that in the year 1743, Thomas Cookson, one of his maj- 
esty's justices for Lancaster County, appeared and laid 
it, in the name of the governor, before the Synod of 
Philadelphia. Though published anonymously, its author- 
ship was very generally attributed to Mr. Craighead. The 
Synod unanimously agreed that the pamphlet was "full 
of treason and sedition," and made haste to declare their 
abhorrence of " the paper, and, with it, all principles and 
practices that tend to destnrv the civil and religious rights 
of mankind, or to foment or encourage sedition or dissatis- 
faction with the civil government that we are now under, 
or rebellion, treason, or anything that is disloyal. If Mr. 
Alexander Craighead be the author, we know nothing of 
the matter."* This may not have been the only cause, 
but was doubtless the chief one, for his leaving Pennsylva- 
nia, and seeking a home where he could find greater free- 
dom for the expression of his opinions, and the practice 
of his principles. 

From the best evidence at our command Mr. Craighead 
removed to Virginia in 1749, and took up his residence 
on Cowpasture River ; " his preaching-place being a short 
distance from the present Windy Cove Church, and his 
dwelling on the farm now occupied by Mr. Andrew Sett- 
lington."f A settlement had been formed here a few 
years previous by farmers from Lancaster County, Penn- 
sylvania. It was on the frontiers of the State, and pecu- 
liarly exposed to the incursions of Indians, who were in- 
stigated to plunder and murder by the French. Here he 
remained until the year 1755, at which time, by the dis- 
astrous defeat of General Braddock, the whole frontier of 

* Webster, p. 43G. f Foote's Annals of North Carolina, p. 189. 


Virginia was in great clanger from the bloodthirsty sav- 
ages, " and terror reigned throughout the valle}'." In 
the autumn of this }-ear he removed, with most of his 
congregation, to Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, 
making his home at Sugar Creek. 

His six 3'ears spent in Virginia, though occupied in 
abundant labors, were in some respects not congenial to 
his spirit. Outside of his own denomination, and perhaps 
his own charge, he found few to sympathize with, but 
man}- to oppose his political principles, for which, as 
we have seen, he had been persecuted in Pennsylvania. 
Besides, he was restless and dissatisfied under the exac- 
tions and impositions of the Episcopal Church, which was 
the established church of the province, and which would 
not allow his members the right of marriage according to 
the ceremonies of their own church, and obliged them to 
support a ministry on whose services they did not attend. 

These causes, together with the apprehended danger 
from Indian incursions, influenced him, as also his 
people, to seek a new home where they could live free 
from all such evils. In "a beautiful, fertile, and peace- 
ful " part of North Carolina he fixed his abode, and here 
he passed the remainder of his days in the active duties 
of a pioneer minister of the Gospel. At a meeting of 
the Presbytery of Hanover in 1758, Mr. Craighead was 
directed to preach at Rocky River; and, receiving and ac- 
cepting a call from Sugar Creek Church,* he was installed 
l)}' Rev. Mr. Richardson, his son-in-law, in September of 
the same year. "This was the oldest church in the upper 
country, being organized in 1756, and was in some meas- 
ure the payment of the seven churches that formed the con- 
vention in Charlotte in 1775."f Here he continued his 

* He was the first pastor. Charlotte was then a part of his charge. 
f Foote's Annals of North Carolina. 


ministry until his death, in March, 1766, "leaving behind 
him the affectionate remembrance of his abundant and 
useful labors."* 

His immediate successor in the pastorate was Rev. 
John Alexander. Afterwards, his son Thomas supplied 
the church, but declined to settle ; and he was succeeded 
b} r Rev. Hall Morrison, D.D., and by his grandson, Rev. 
David Craighead Caldwell, who was the beloved pastor 
of Hopewell and Sugar Creek Churches for thirty-five 

In this retired region, and among a people "so united 
in the general principles of religious and civil govern- 
ment," Mr. Craighead had the opportunity he so long 
desired, fully to express his sentiments respecting free- 
dom of the individual conscience and political liberty. 
And right nobty did he improve his advantage. For, as 
Rev. Dr. Footef states, "He was the teacher of the whole 
population. Here he poured forth his principles of re- 
ligious and civil government, undisturbed b\' the jealousy 
of the government. He had the privilege of forming the 
principles, both civil and religious, in no measured de- 
gree, of a race of men that feared God and feared not 
labor and hardship or the face of man — a race capable of 
great excellence, mental and physical, whose minds could 
conceive the glorious idea of independence, and whose 
convention announced it to the world in May, IT 15, and 
whose hands sustained it in the trying scenes of the 
Revolution. The community' which assumed its form 
under his guiding hand, had the image of democratic 
republican liberty more fair than any sister settlement 
in the South." 

Similar testimony is borne by Rev. A. "W. Miller, D.D., 

* "Webster. f Foote's Annals of North Carolina. 


to the commanding and pervasive influence of Mr. Craig- 
head in educating the people in the principles of liberty, 
and in preparing them for the work to which Providence 
called them. In his centenuial discourse, delivered at 
Charlotte, May 20th, 18*75, the purpose of which was to 
show the connection between ecclesiastical and civil 
polit} r , and religious and civil liberty, and the influence 
of the Presbyterian Church in training the people who 
first took up arms against Great Britain in the Revolu- 
tion, he sa} T s: 

" To the immortal Craighead, a Presbyterian minister 
of Ireland, who finally settled in Mecklenburg in 1156,* 
' the only solitary minister between the Yadkin and the 
Catawba,' who found in ISorth Carolina what Pennsyl- 
vania and Virginia denied him — sympathy with the 
patriotic views he had been publicly proclaiming since 
1141 — to this apostle of liberty the people of Mecklen- 
burg are indebted for that training which placed them in 
the forefront of American patriots and heroes. It was 
at this fountain, that Dr. Ephraim Brevard and his hon- 
ored associates drew their inspirations of liberty. So 
diligent and successful was the training of this devoted 
minister and patriot; so far in advance even of the Pres- 
byterians of every other colony had he carried the people 
of this and the adjacent counties, that on the very day, 
May 20th, 1115, on which the General Synod of the 
Presbyterian Church, convened in Philadelphia, issued a 
pastoral letter to all its churches, counselling them, while 
defending their rights by force of arms, to stand fast in 
their allegiance to the British throne, on that day the 
streets of Charlotte were resounding with the shouts of 

* Mr. Craighead moved to Sugar Creek, North Carolina, 1755, 
soon after General Braddock's defeat. 


freemen, greeting the first declaration of American in- 

The twenty or thirty members of the Convention at 
Charlotte, Xorth Carolina, who framed the Mecklenburg 
Declaration of Independence, May 20th, 1715, were all 
of them connected with the seven Presbyterian churches 
of the county ; two of which were Rocky River and Sugar 
Creek, and from these the other five sprang. Abraham 
Alexander, a ruling elder from Sugar Creek Church, was 
chairman of the convention ; it was addressed by Rev. 
Hezekiah James Balch,* pastor of Rocky River and 
Poplar Tent, who was also one of the committee of three 
to draft the resolutions ; and nine other ruling elders, of 
these seven Presbyterian churches, were active partici- 
pants in the proceedings. Although Mr. Craighead was 
not permitted to live to see those principles of civil and re- 
ligious liberty, of which for more than a score of }'ears he 
had been the zealous and uncompromising champion, em- 
bodied in the Mecklenburg Declaration, yet his descend- 
ants, and besides them forty millions of his countrymen, 
this da} T rejoice in the precious and abundant fruits of 
his teachings and labors, and of other kindred spirits. 

Of the nature of his work and the purpose which ever 
animated him, as also of the effects of his ministiy in 
North Carolina, we are not left in doubt. Like other 
self-denying pioneer preachers of that da} T , his time was 
divided between the pastoral work of his own charge, and 
that of supplying settlements which were without the 
stated means of grace, of organizing churches and provid- 
ing them with pastors. The spirit in which he engaged in 

* Died in summer of 1775. He is said " to have been a man of 
fine personal appearance and an accomplished scholar." 



this work, and the fidelit}' he evinced for the spiritual 
welfare of his people, are thus spoken of by one* who 
enjo3'ed the most ample opportunities to see and study 
the influence of his ministry. "He was a great admirer 
of Whitefield's spirit and action ; and drank deeply of 
the same fountain of truth and love. Like the man theyf 
admired, both these ministers possessed the power of 
moving men; and both left an impress upon the com- 
munity in which they lived in Carolina, and stamped an 
image on the churches they gathered, which are visible 
to this day. To all human appearance there has been 
a great amount of fervent piety among the churches 
planted and watered by these men, which has been be- 
queathed to their descendants from generation to genera- 
tion, as a precious inheritance of faith." Again, speak- 
ing of Rev. Mr. Craighead, he sa}^s : " Soundness of 
doctrine, according to the Confession of Faith, has been 
maintained by his congregation at all hazards ; and a 
standard of warm-hearted piety and ardent devotion has 
been handed down as a legacy from their fathers to suc- 
ceeding generations, to which the Church has always 
looked with kindling desire." 

Having thus " made full proof of his ministry and 
finished his course, he was laid to rest, 1766, in the 
graveyard adjoining his church, and among the people 
he loved," " leaving behind him the affectionate remem- 
brance of his faithful, abundant, and useful labors."J 
Respecting his place of burial, Dr. Foote further sa} T s : 

* Rev. Dr. Foote. 

f Referring to Rev. James Campbell, a Scotchman, who preached 
in Gaelic to the Highlanders, who, for the rebellion in 1745, was 
expatriated, and settled in North Carolina. 

+ Webster, p. 437. 


" Turning westward from the present* brick church, 
about half a mile through the woods, you find on a gentle 
ascent the first burying-ground of this congregation. In 
the southeast corner, without stone or mound, is the 
grave of Alexander Craighead, and of the six succeeding 
graves, whose members composed the entire convention 
in Charlotte, May, 1775. Tradition says that these two 
sassafras trees, f at the head and foot of the grave, sprung 
from two sticks on which as a bier the coffin was borne. 
Being stuck into the ground to mark the spot tempora- 
rily, the green sticks, fresh from the mother stock, took 
root and grew. Was it an emblem ? — the fulfilment of this 
mute prophecy f" So it would seem. For the principles 
he so persistently and ably proclaimed, have become the 
cherished inheritance of this great and prosperous nation ! 


15. Thomas B , born 1750; married Elizabeth Brown, 1780. 

16. Robert, " June 27th, 1751; mar. Hannah Clark. 

' 17. Nancy, " ; married 1. Rev. William Rich- 
ardson ; 2. George Dunlap. 

18. Rachel, born ; mar. Rev. David Caldwell, D.D. 

19. Jane, " ; married Patrick Calhoun. 

20. Margaret, " ; married Mr. Carruth. 

21. Mary, " ; married Samuel Dunlap. 

22. Elizabeth, " ; married Alexander Crawford. 

* The third house of worship. The first was one-half mile 
west from this ; the second, a few steps south, the pulpit being 
over the place now occupied by the pastor's grave. 

f They both stand (1876), but one is dead ; the other flourishing, 
and is twenty-two inches in diameter. — D. J. Stixson. 



JOHN OEAIGHEAD, the youngest son of Rev. 
Thomas Craighead, was born in Ireland, previous to his 
father's removal to New England, and was married to 
Rachel R. . After residing for a time in Philadel- 
phia, as a merchant, he removed to Cumberland County, 
Pa., in H42, and, purchasing a large tract of land from 
the Shippens (who were the agents of the Penns), four 
miles south of Carlisle, on the Yellow Breeches Creek (the 
Indian name of which is Callapasscinke),* he continued 
to reside upon it, and improve and cultivate it until his 

At this period the Indians were numerous and hostile. 
The settlers were obliged frequently to cany their rifles 
with them to their fields, as they turned up the virgin 
soil to receive the seed, or as they sought to gather the 
golden grain. And with all their precautions, they were 
oftentimes surprised while engaged in their peaceful oc- 
cupations by their stealtlry, treacherous foes, and mur- 
dered in cold blood ; or, what was more terrible still, 
reserved for protracted and cruel tortures. With a wil- 
derness around them to subdue and render productive, 
and savages against whose treachery and violence they 
had ever to be on their guard, the lives of these pioneers 
were filled up with stirring and exciting incidents. Hard- 
ships were abundant, but then these developed characters 
that qualified them for the great work which God had 
given them to do in this " new world." 

The site of the old mansion, constructed of logs, was 
near where the water from the present dam enters the 

* Name given by the Delaware Indians to the stream ; signify- 
ing " horseshoe bends." — Heckawelder. 


mill-race. A large portion of the original lands purchased 
by John Craighead are still in possession of his descend- 
ants ; the fifth and sixth generations occupying and cul- 
tivating them. 


23. Thomas, born March 5th, 1737; married Margaret Gilson. 

24. John, " — , 1742; married Jane Boyd. 

25. James, " ; married Isabella Gilson. 

26. Catherine, " Nov. 1748; m. William Geddes, Nov. 1788. 

27. Kachel, " September loth, 1776 ; died young. 


JANE or JANET CRAIGHEAD, daughter of Rev. 
Thomas Craighead, born in Ireland, married Rev. Adam 
Boyd, October 23d, 1725. Mr. Boyd was born at Bella- 
meny, Ireland, 1692, and came to Boston 1715, where he 
remained until 1*722 or 3, when he removed to the Jerseys. 
Was taken under care of New Castle Presbytery, July, 
1725, and accepted a call from Octorara and Pequea, Lan- 
caster Count}', Pa., in September, and was ordained in 
October, with the privilege of spending part of his time 
at the Forks of the Brandywine. Had leave in 1741 to 
accept a call from a part of the congregation, at Brandy- 
wine. Died November 21st, 1768. On his tomb "forty- 
four years pastor of this church." " Eminent through 
life for modest piet}*, diligence in his office, prudence, 
equanimity, and peace." 


28. Margaret, born Sept. 5th, 1726; mar. Rev. Joseph 

Tate, of Donegal, Lancaster Co., Pa. Had seven children. 

29. John (Rev.), born April 15th, 1728; preached in New 

Castle and Philadelphia Presbyteries. 

30. Janet, born March 18th, 1730; died — , 1800. 





lace, Feb. 




born May 14th, 1732; died — , 1770. 
" July 23d, 1734; mar. Catherine Wal- 
12th, 1760 ; died — , 1778. Had six children, 
born July 14th, 173G ; married Andrew 
Boyd, of New London, Pa., died 1808. 

34. Adam (Rev.), born Nov. 25th, 1738; died — , 1800, in 

Natchez, Miss. A true friend of liberty. Editor of Gape 
Fear Mercury, and one of the Committee of Safety in 
Wilmington, N. C, in 1775. 

35. Andrew (Col.), born October 20th, 1740; mar. Feb. 17th, 

1780, Jane Whitehill, daughter of James Whitehill and 
Abigail Miller. Had one son and two daughters. Jane 
married William S. Cross, of Baltimore, and Rev. An- 
drew B. Cross is their second child. 

36. Hannah, born Jan. 7th, 1743; mar. Samuel Scott. 

37. Elizabeth, " April 4th, 1745 ; married John Hays. 

Had two children ; died April 3d, 1821. 

38. Samuel (M.D.), born June 11th, 1747 ; married daughter of 

Col. Brooks, of Va. ; died 1780. 



MAEGAEET CEAIGHEAD, eldest daughter of 
Thomas and Margaret Brown Craighead, born in New 
England, March 3d, 1723, married John Miller, Esq., 
who was Mayor of Philadelphia. She died August 11th, 
1199, in Philadelphia. 

39. Esther, who married James Mann, Esq., and had children, 
John, Kobert, Thomas, James, Isabella. 


ANN CEAIGHEAD, second daughter of Thomas and 
Margaret Brown Craighead, was born at White Clay 


Creek, Delaware, July 1st, 1125, and married Rev. Alex- 
ander McDowell. He was Principal of New London 
Academy, Pa., 1752. It was removed by him first to 
Elkton, Md.j and then to Newark, Del. Rev. Matthew 
Wilson was associated with him in 1754, and it was 
chartered in 1769 by the Proprietary, John Penn. It 
flourished for many years, and finally formed the basis 
on which Delaware College was established. 

Mrs. McDowell died , and was buried in the grave- 
yard at Elkton, Md. On her tombstone is the following 
epitaph : 

" Fair virtue's paths, and piety's she trode, 
Endeared to friends, accepted of her God, 
Sh's gone to rest, no pains, no mortal woes, 
Now break the lovely sleeper's soft repose ; 
Her body! sacred dust! beneath this stone 
Her Lord will raise and fashion like his own." 

40. Patty; 41. Peggy; 42. John; 43. Alexander. John was 
a physician, and lived at New London, Pa. 


ELIZABETH CKAIGHEAD, the third daughter of 
Thomas and Margaret Brown Craighead, was born Au- 
gust 8th, 1729, and married, 1. Captain James Mackey, 
by whom she had one daughter, Ann; and, 2. Rev. 
Matthew Wilson, March 6th, 1764,* the grandfather of 
Rev. J. P. Wilson, D.D., of Newark, N. J. On page 180, 
vol. 2, Spragu&s Annals, she is spoken of as " a lady of 
uncommon energy of character and eminent piety." And 

* Appendix. 


her son, late Rev. J. P. Wilson, I).D., of Philadelphia, 
bears testimony that she was "a woman of superior intel- 
ligence, and advanced piety and good sense, and held in 
the highest esteem." 

Children by Second Marriage. 

44. Elizabeth, born February — , 1765; died in infancy. 

45. Margaret, " January 19th, 1767; married William 

Perry. No children. 

46. James P., born February 21st, 1769. 

47. Theodore, « June 28th, 1772; mar. Mary Mills Kollock. 


OAPT. WILLIAM CKAIGHEAD, son of Thomas and 
Margaret Broivn Craighead, born at White Clay Creek, 
Delaware, June 13th, 1731, married January 18th, 1757, 
Mildred Thompson, of Philadelphia, Pa. Removed to 
Lunenburg County, Va., where he continued to reside until 
his death, at an advanced age, respected and loved as 
" a man of great intelligence, public spirit, and piety."* 
He was for many years presiding magistrate of Lunen- 
burg County, and during the Revolutionary War " was an 
ardent, active patriot. He had the honor of suggesting 
some measures to promote the unity and efficiency among 
Americans, which were generally adopted." 

Mr. Craighead was an elder in Rev. Samuel Davies's 
Church, Hanover, and an intimate friend of that cele- 
brated evangelical preacher. " His ardor of disposition, 
activity, fluency of speech, and religious zeal, well fitted 
him to be a useful officer in the church. He was a man 
of sanguine temperament, strong good sense, and warm 

* Webster's Ch. Hist. 


pietj-. He was among the very first persons in this 
country to originate a plan for removing the colored 
people to Africa, the main features of which were gradual 
emancipation ; no persons but such as were suitably pre- 
pared to be sent out ; and the colonists to hold a similar 
relation to our government as the Indians."* 


48. Thomas, born May 17, 1758 ; died October, 1760. 

49. Margaret, " November 80, 1759 ; mar. Samuel Sandys. 

50. George, " April 15, 1762; mar. Petronilla Lambkin. 

51. Polly, << Feb. 29, 1764; died unm. Dec. 29, 1854. 

52. Mildred, " Jan'y 23, 1766; died unm. Aug. 25, 1822. 

53. William, " Jan'y 21, 1768 ; married Frances Glenn. 

54. Thomas Thompson, born January 23,1773; mar. Frances 

C. Matthews. 


COL, GEORGE CRAIGHEAD, son of Thomas and 
Margaret Brown Craighead, born May 10th, 1733, married, 
June 5th, 1760, Ann Br attain, the only child of her pa- 
rents, who lived near Wilmington, Del. He lived in Mill 
Creek Hundred, in Xew Castle Count}', Del., was a lawyer, 
" a judge, and an elder in the Lower Brandy wine Presby- 
terian Church, and Speaker of the Council at the adoption 
of the Federal Constitution."'!* He subsequently removed 
to Western Pennsylvania, and settled near Chartiers 
Creek, Washington County. The records of Washington 
County, Pa., show that he and his wife conveyed 250 
acres of land in the western part of the county, to James 
Mease, M.D., of Philadelphia, for £187 10s. To this 

* Dr. Alexander's His. Colonization. 

f Webster's History Presbyterian Church. 


deed Isabella Craighead is a subscribing witness. Janu- 
ary 19th, 1799, he was appointed justice of the peace. 

He was an officer in the Indian and French War, and in 
that with Great Britain. Being a man of wealth, he equip- 
ped his own regiment. The cover of the book in which 
he kept his accounts at this period, was until recently 
in the possession of a descendant, Mrs. Rev. Dr. Robin- 
son, of Ashland, Ohio. He was present at " Braddock's 
Defeat," the " occupation of Fort Pitt," etc. 

During the war of the Revolution, his influence and 
services were deemed so important, that a high price was 
put upon his head by the British, and his family were 
obliged to travel from place to place, at night, in order 
to prevent his capture by the enemy. At another time 
" the Tories had three different nights set on which to 
burn his house. Providence, however, seemed to baffle all 
their attempts. On one night a terrible storm prevented 
their making an attack."* The silver and valuables of 
the family, and for that period they possessed a large 
amount, were hid for three months in a swamp. 

An incident in the Colonel's life is thus stated b\' his 
daughter Esther. " He was on one occasion lost in the 
woods, and was three days without food ; his feet were 
badly frozen, and he was standing helpless in the snow. 
A scout found him, just as an Indian was leisure^ walk- 
ing up to him with uplifted tomahawk, sure of his victim. 
The scout shot the savage in the nick of time, and rescued 
the Colonel." 

Mr. Craighead was "an intimate friend of General 
Washington, dining at the same table, and calling each 
other by the familiar name ' George.' "• 

Though a soldier he was also a man of prayer, a kind 

* Mrs. B. P. Chambers, a descendant. 


and gentle husband and father. Towards the close of 
his life he was so much given to prayer, that his children 
stated that the tea became cold and could not be placed 
on. the table, until he had asked a blessing on the meal. 

For his services during the war, he received from Con 
gress a grant of land in Kentucky, ten miles square ; but 
that region of countiy being then almost uninhabited and 
difficult of access, the Colonel, now well advanced in life, 
took no measures to possess himself of the property. The 
land afterwards became very valuable, a town being built 
upon it ; but when his descendants were disposed to lay 
claim to it, they found that some of the most important 
papers were missing, and they abandoned it. 

Mrs. Craighead was a woman of great energy, fortitude, 
and courage, and eminently fitted to be the companion of 
such a soldier. " In those times of peril she always slept 
with pistols under her pillow." And that she was not 
wanting in all womanly graces and virtues, may be in- 
ferred from the character of her children. 

After the close of the war, Mr. Craighead settled on a 
farm, near Canonsburgh, Pa., now in the occupancy of 
Mr. William Quail. Here he died, and was buried in 
the Chartiers graveyard. On a broad sandstone slab are 
the following inscriptions: "In memory of Col. George 
Craghead, who departed this life on the 21st cla}^ of Feb- 
ruaiy, 1811, aged 78 years; and Anna Craghead, his wife, 
who departed this life on the 11th day of December, 1805, 
aged 73 years." 


55. Margaret, born Dec. 7, 1761 ; died unm, June 7, 1780. 

56. Isabella, " July 15, 1763; married James Park. 

57. Ann, " Dec. 14, 1764 ; died August 4, 1778. 

58. Esther " March 31, 1766; mar. Alexander Scott. 

59. Thomas Brattain, born Jan. 6, 1768; mar. Pvachel Allison. 


60. John, born Feb. 20, 1770; died Dec 24, 1770. 

61. William, " July 25, 1771 ; mar. Jane Boggs. 

62. Elizabeth, " Aug. 18, 1773; mar. Samuel Wilson. 

63. Milley " June 6, 1776; died Aug. 1, 1836, unmarried. 


EEV. THOMAS B. CEAIGHEAD, the oldest son of 

the Rev. Alexander, was born in Mecklenburg County, 
N. C, about the year 1750. Of his early life we have been 
unable to learn any particulars. He graduated at Nassau 
Hall, 1715, and subsequently studied divinity, and was 
ordained by the Presbytery of Orange in 1780. At the 
request of the session, he supplied for a short time the 
pulpit of the church in which his father had preached, 
but declined a settlement. Soon after he removed to the 
village of Haysborough, Tennessee, six miles east of Nash- 
ville, and established the first Presbyterian church in the 
middle division of the State. He is said to have been 
subsequently, the first pastor of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Nashville, for many j T ears, as at present, one 
of the largest and most influential churches of the South. 

Either just previous, or soon after his removal to Ten- 
nessee, in 1780, he was married to Miss Elizabeth Brown, 
daughter of Rev. John Brown, of Frankfort, Kentucky — 
a family distinguished for high social standing, intellect- 
ual culture, and their services in the councils of the 
State and Nation. The descendants of this marriage 
are still numerous in Tennessee, and in several other 
States of the South and Southwest. 

From the first, his acquirements as well as his literary 
tastes, led Mr. Craighead to take a prominent part in all 
matters pertaining to education. When the Legislature 


of North Carolina, in 1785, established Davidson Acad- 
em3 r , and made a grant of two hundred and forty acres 
of land adjoining the city of Nashville for its buildings 
and endowment, at the first meeting of the trustees, Au- 
gust 19th, 1786, he was chosen President of the Board, 
which had among its members such honored men as 
Senator Smith and Generals Robertson* and Jackson. 
In this capacity he served the Institution with untiring 
industry and faithfulness, until in the year 1806, the Acad- 
emj 7 , b}' an act of the Legislature, was merged into Cum- 
berland College. 

The school was ordered to be taught in the Spring 
Hill Meeting-house, the church in whicli Mr. Craighead 
preached, "on the suburbs of the town of Haysborough." 
Subsequently "the construction of a turnpike destroj r ed 
the foundations of that primitive academy." In 1798, 
Rev. Mr. Craighead and Andrew Jackson were appointed 
a committee to draft a memorial to repeal an act of the 
Legislature, which had been passed to introduce new 
trustees. In 1799, a conference was held between Rev. 
Mr. Craighead and Mr. George McWhiter, trustees of 
Davidson Academy ; and Judge McNairy, William T. 
Lewis, and Dr. Henning, of Federal Academy, when it 
was agreed to merge the latter with Davidson Academy. 
July 15th, 1802, Gens. Jackson and Robertson were ap- 
pointed a committee to superintend the erection of a new 
academy building. The Academy was erected into David- 
son College, by the Legislature, July 19th, 1806, with nine- 
teen trustees, Mr. Craighead at the head of the list. At 
the first meeting of the college trustees, Mr. Craighead 

* General James Kobertson was the foremost man of his day in 
Middle Tennessee. Died in 1814 ; reinterred in cemetery at Nash- 
ville, 1825, and funeral oration by Hon. Judge Haywood. 


was not present — the first omission in twenty 3 r ears. At 
the next meeting, he was unanimously elected President 
"And thus he is honored in the Collegiate as he had been 
in the Academic Board, an honor which he deserved."* 
He held this relation between two and three years, until 
his successor, Dr. Priestley, was elected. 

Mr. Craighead's name was also prominent, in connec- 
tion with the great revival which began in Kentucky in 
the year 1800. This religious awakening, though pro- 
ductive of large results in adding many members to the 
churches in Kentucky and Tennessee, and in increasing 
the Christian activit}' of professors of religion, was at- 
tended with many extravagances, not to say very ques- 
tionable and disorderly proceedings. While disposed to 
acknowledge every token of God's presence and blessing 
at the meetings held by these flaming revivalists, the 
more sober and discreet ministers could not but rejoice 
with fear and trembling. The measures adopted, the 
doctrines taught, and the physical manifestations so fre- 
quently seen, all served to make many persons seriously 
question the genuineness of the work of grace, and others 
to deprecate the evils which were sure to follow. At 
this distance of time we can see that the judgment formed 
b}^ some was too severe, for we know that much good was 
accomplished through the agency of these indiscreet 
preachers ; still there was sufficient to awaken the gravest 
apprehensions of the best men in the Church. Accord- 
ingly, we find "Father" Kice, Craighead, Lythe, and 
Ely the, the most trusted and honored pastors of Trans3 r l- 
vania Presbytery, not opposing, but " discountenancing 
the extravagances of the revival," and the earnest advo- 
cates of order. They felt and insisted that the time had 

* A. W. Putnam's History of Middle Tennessee. 


come to apply to the work the tests of a genuine revival. 
Whatever permanent and valuable results might be ac- 
complished, must be wrought through the instrumentality 
of the truth alone ; and that if it were " a work of God," it 
would bear the test of his Word. 

The application of this test, and the insisting "upon 
the observance of quiet and order," were resisted by the 
revival men, who claimed for themselves "a kind of holy 
superiority " over their brethren. They stigmatized those 
who wished to regulate the meetings " as hindrances to 
the work," and as having no religion. Soon the signs of 
division manifested themselves. Such diverse elements 
could not remain long together. In 1803, when the at- 
tention of Synod was called to the subject, five of the 
most objectionable of these "revival" men declined its 
jurisdiction, withdrew, and formed themselves into a 

Another and more serious schism occurred shortly after 
this, growing out of the introduction of laymen into the 
pulpits. In consequence of the revival, there was an un- 
usual demand for preachers. In the emergenc} r , some 
felt that earnest and spiritually-minded laj-men might be 
employed, who would be acceptable and useful in the 
churches. Four such were appointed to vacant congre- 
gations, by the Presbytery of Transylvania. A minority 
of the Presbytery, under the leadership of Mr. Craighead, 
complained of this action. The controversy proceeded 
until it not only divided the Presbytery, but distracted 
the Synod itself; and was at last, in 180T, brought for 
adjudication to the Assembly, where it caused no little 
discussion and trouble. The final result, was the with- 
drawal of a portion of the Cumberland Presbytery, and 
the formal organization of the Cumberland Presbyterian 


In the meantime, the more orderly portion of Shiloh 
Church complained to the Presbyteiy of the erroneous 
doctrines taught, and the extravagances allowed by its 
pastor, Rev. Mr. Hodge. The Preslytery investigated 
the charges, and refused to sustain the complaint. The 
subject being referred to the Synod of Kentucky, the 
judgment of Presbyteiy was reversed. The orderly por- 
tion of the congregation withdrew, organized another 
church, and called Mr. Craighead as their pastor. 

Soon after his settlement over Shiloh Church, Mr. Craig- 
head was charged with holding Pelagian views. A com- 
mission was appointed by the Sj r nod of Kentucky to in- 
vestigate the matter, and the examination was conducted 
by a series of written questions, thirty-one in all. The re- 
plies of the accused to these, were considered "agreeable 
to the Confession of Faith ;" objection alone being made 
to some of the statements as ambiguous. At the meet- 
ing of Synod in October of the same .year, Mr. Craighead 
preached a sermon, in which he presented his peculiar 
views respecting the agenc} 7 and operations of the Holy 
Spirit in the conversion of men. The sermon was brought 
under review by the Synod the following da} 7 , and after 
a protracted discussion and an able defence, with ex- 
planations b}- its author, its doctrines were judged not to 
be consistent with the Confession of Faith, and the 
preacher cautioned to be more careful in future. 

Apparently the controversy rested here for three years, 
until it was revived b} 7 the publication of the discourse, 
which had been the original cause of offence ; together 
with an appendix of a personal nature, wherein the au- 
thor spoke in a disparaging way of the members of 
Synod, "as men of small intellects, destitute of talents," 
etc., and consequently incapable of deciding the ques- 
tions involved in the discussion. 


As a matter of course this excited a great deal of per- 
sonal feeling, and finally led Rev. Dr. Campbell to ad- 
dress a series of letters to Mr. Craighead, in which he 
attempted to expose, what he regarded, the errors of the 
published sermon. To these Mr. Craighead replied, and 
Dr. Campbell rejoined in a pamphlet entitled, Tlie Pelagian 
Detected. In this last he labors to show, that the author's 
views respecting Divine Sovereignty, the Word, Spiritual 
Influence, Faith, and Regeneration, are similar to those 
of the Shakers, and charged him with being the Father 
of New Lightism. He concludes his arraignment with 
the remarkable declaration, " There never would have been 
a Shaker in our country, had there never been a Craig- 
head." In view of so severe a judgment as this, and that 
too by the man who was acknowledged to be the ablest 
member of the Sj'iiod, and in the light of the histoiy of 
the subsequent trial of the accused, and the final judg- 
ment of the General Assembly upon the merits of the 
case, we believe all unprejudiced persons will conclude, 
as we have, that personal feelings entered too largely into 
the discussions, even if they did not influence the decision 
of the judicatories. 

In April, 1810, the Presbytery of Transylvania cited 
Mr. Craighead to appear before it, and renewed the cita- 
tion at the- fall meeting in October. Xot being able to 
attend, he replied to each citation by letter; but the Pres- 
bytery did not consider his excuses sufficient, and pro- 
ceeded in his absence to his trial. Under such circum- 
stances, it was not possible to have a fair trial. The 
accused had no opportunity to become acquainted with 
the charges preferred against him, and none either to 
explain or to defend his opinions. Besides, " oral testi- 
mony " was admitted b\~ the prosecution, and the per- 
sons testifying were not required to do so under oath. 


With great haste, and in this unseemly manner, the entire 
proceedings were conducted, and the accused adjudged 
worthy of suspension. At once the matter was referred 
to the Synod of Kentucky, which was at the same time 
in session. That bod} 7 immediately took it up, and with- 
out citing Mr. Craighead to appear and answer, concurred 
in the Presbytery's sentence of suspension. The accused 
was, moreover, required by the Synod to appear before his 
Presbytery and "recant his errors, on pain of being de- 
posed 'from the Gospel ministry." 

As soon as Mr. Craighead heard of the action of Synod, 
he appealed from its decision, which, of course, should 
have arrested all proceedings until the appeal was tried. 
But, in the face of all this, the Presbyteiy of Muhlenburg 
(which had been formed out of Transylvania) proceeded in 
the case, and cited Mr. Craighead to appear, and on his 
refusal to obey the citation, which he knew they had no 
right to issue, that bod}' in April, 1811, deposed him. 

Finding all his efforts to obtain redress from the Synod 
of no avail, Mr. Craighead appealed to the Assembly, 
the highest court of the Church. The committee, to whom 
the appeal was referred together with Mr. Craighead's let- 
ter, giving his reasons why he could not be present, con- 
cluded that the reasons were not sufficient, and errone 
ously believing that it was necessary for the appellant 
to appear in person before the Assembly, recommended 
that the representatives of the Synod of Kentucky be 
permitted to enter their protest against any future prose- 
cution of the appeal, and thus make the Synod's decision 
final. Messrs. J. P. Campbell, James Hoge, and M. G. 
Wallace, the Synod's defenders, at once availed them- 
selves of this permission, and entered their protest upon 
the minutes, hoping thereby to be relieved from any 
further controversy with one, who had many and very in- 


fluential friends, and had shown himself an opponent to 
be feared, and whose abilities could not be despised. 

The following year Mr. Craighead applied to the Synod 
for a new trial. This was refused him. What other efforts 
he made to protect his character and his rights, we know 
not. The next public record is that of a letter of his ad- 
dressed to the Assembly of 1822, accompanied with a 
printed pamphlet. These were read and referred to a 
committee, which reported that the decision of the Assem- 
bly 0/I8II requiring the attendance of the complainant was 
erroneous, and hence " null and void ;" another error icas 
declaring Mr. Craighead deposed, when the S} T nod had 
only suspended him, and he had appealed from that deci- 
sion, which arrested all further proceedings ; and the re- 
port concluded b} r stating that Mr. Craighead "had just 
grounds of complaint against the Assembl} T of 1811," and 
recommended that "he be put in the same place he occu- 
pied before, with the right to appeal." This was done, 
and a copy of the Assembly's action ordered to be sent 
to him. 

In 1823 this subject again came before the Assembly, 
but the Synod of Kentuckj' claimed that it had not been 
propeiTy notified of the complainant's intention to prose- 
cute his appeal, and was not ready for the trial. This 
notice was required to be given, and the Synod was 
ordered to send all its minutes, as well as those of Tran- 
sylvania Presbytery, to the Assembly. 

In 1824,on the presentation of the appeal, it was re- 
ferred to a committee, consisting of Rev. Drs. Alexander 
and Hill and Mr. Gray, who after a long and patient ex- 
amination reported as follows : That the}^ disapprove of 
Mr. Craighead's preaching and publishing such a sermon 
before the Synod, and of his conduct as not conciliatory, 
and as setting his opponents at defiance; and commend 


the Synod and Presbytery for their watchfulness, zeal, 
and firmness in defence of the truth, and for grappling 
with one who " was distinguished for his learning and 
eloquence, reputable in his character and standing in so- 
ciet3 T , and venerable for his age." 

The committee then point out the errors of the two 
lower courts. The charges are pronounced in all cases 
deficient in precision; and of the third and fourth it is 
difficult to say what articles of faith they controvert, 
while the charges themselves are so vague that they are 
incapable of proof. For the fifth charge they state there 
is no just ground of accusation; and where in the sixth 
Mr. Craighead is charged with a false coloring of facts, 
there were no facts proved. They further declare the 
action of Presbytery and Synod wrong in trying the 
accused when he was absent; the Presbytery was in error 
in not informing him that it had referred his case to 
Synod, and in permitting statements to be made that 
w r ere not recorded, and persons to testify- who were not 
sworn ; and that both bodies were wrong in the haste 
they evinced in the trial, as Mr. Craighead was not guilty 
of contumacy, having sent reasons for his absence. 

On the "merits of the case," and as to the first charge 
— that of denying the real agencj T of the Spirit in regenera- 
tion — the committee say: "There is evidence that Mr. 
Craighead denied the immediate agency of the Spirit, but 
not clear evidence that he denied the real agency. Both 
forms are allowed to be equalh T orthodox, and no distinc- 
tion like this is made in the Confession of Faith. Mr. 
Craighead disclaims and disavows the interpretation put 
upon his language, and it will bear a different construc- 
tion, than that put on it b} T the Presbyteiy and S} r nod." 

Of the second charge, that of denying and misrepre- 
senting the doctrines of divine foreordination, sove- 


reigntj 7 , and election, they say: "It might be shown by 
argument that Mr. Craighead uses expressions not con- 
sistent with these doctrines, but then he disavows all 
such intention, and the charge is not clearly supported 
by the references. Still, the doctrines of this sermon are 
different from those of the Reformed churches, and erro- 
neous, though not of fundamental importance. In conclu- 
sion, they recommend that as the proceedings of the 
Presbytery and Synod were irregular, the General As- 
sernbty cannot confirm the Synod of Kentucky's decision ; 
that the whole matter be referred to the Presbytery of 
West Tennessee; that it be directed to give Mr. Craig- 
head an early opportunity to offer the satisfaction which 
the Church expects for the offence received ; and, upon 
receiving satisfactoiy explanations, he be restored to the 
ministry. Accordingly Mr. Craighead appeared, in 1824, 
before his Presbytery, and satisfying that body of the 
correctness of his views, was reinstated in the ministry. 
His death followed soon after, and before the next meet- 
ing of the Assembly."* 

If any one thinks that more space has been given to 
this subject than is proper in such a histoiy, m} 7 apology 
is the necessity of vindicating the character of the de- 
ceased. Unfortunately for his reputation, his adversaries 
have furnished nearly all the colors b} T which his portrait 
has been painted. What we are permitted to know of 
him in the books of the Church, has been all derived from 
one and the same source, viz., the records of the lower 
ecclesiastical courts, which, as we have seen, failed to be 
impartial, wise, and just. Fortunately Mr. Craighead, 
after years of trial and disappointments, succeeded in 
having the whole matter considered by the General As- 

* Baird's Digest. 


sembly, when a competent committee rendered a very 
different verdict from that given b} T the Presbytery and 
Synod — one more in accordance with the facts, and not 
distorted by fear or prejudice. 

Nor should it be thought strange, that much personal 
feeling was enlisted in this controversy. Mr. Craighead 
had incurred the displeasure of not a few brethren, for 
his decided opposition to the extravagant measures used 
to promote the revival of 1800, and, with Blythe and 
others, he was charged with a "lack of piety," and with 
"hindering a work of God." So, too, when efforts were 
made to introduce unqualified laymen into Presb} T terian 
pulpits, his sense of duty led him to resist the measure 
most earnestly. This resulted in a long and embittered 
controversy, which did not cease until the Presbytery 
was rent asunder. 

In person Mr. Craighead is said to have been of "a 
tall, spare figure, six feet in height, homely and hard- 
featured, with sandy hair, and a large, clear, blue eye. 
His health was delicate and his voice weak ; his manner 
grave, and his action natural but not vehement. He 
excelled as an extemporaneous orator. His eloquence 
was of that fervid kind, which captivates and carries away 
the hearer even in spite of himself."* 

His services were not infrequently called for on public 
occasions. One such was when the outrages by the Creek 
Indians on the Mobile, and in the Mississippi Valley, 
aroused the military spirit of Middle Tennessee. A large 
assemblage of citizens convened at Xashville, "and Mr. 
Craighead was conducted to the chair as president, and 
in an eloquent and impressive speech stated the object 
of the meeting. A copy of his address on the occasion 

* Davidson's History of the Presbyterian Church in Kentucky. 


was requested, and was published with the proceedings 
of the meeting."* 

The Hon. John Breckinridge, who was a frequent at- 
tendant upon Mr. Craighead's ministry, states "that his 
discourses made a more lasting impression on him than 
those of any other man." And his ablest opponent in the 
Synod of Kentucky, Rev. Dr. Campbell, while condemn- 
ing what he regarded as defects in his preaching, paid 
him the following high compliment: "You are no Locke ; 
you are no Edwards ; you are no Butler ; but you are 
capable of being what I should covet a thousand times 
more, a Massillon or a Bridaine." Still another authority 
says of him : "A man of fine talents and capable of close 
thought, he did the cause of religion much service. In 
the latter part of his life he had some difficulties that 
hindered for a time his usefulness, but which served to 
draw forth the friendly influence and unqualified appro- 
bation of General Jackson." 

A striking proof of the latter's confidence in, and at- 
tachment for Mr. Craighead, is narrated by Mr. Parton in 
his life of the old hero. "Years after thisf the patriotic 
clerg}- man incurred the disapproval of a portion of his 
brethren, and was, at length, openly accused of heresy. 
An evening was appointed for the investigation of the 
charge. General Jackson, Mrs. Jackson, and a lady of 
their household, were in prompt attendance to stand by 
their friend in his time of trouble. At nine in the even- 
ing the parson rose to reply to the accusation, or rather 
to state fully and precisely what his opinions were, and 
to show that the}' accorded with the writings recognized 

* History of Middle Tennessee, by A. W. Putnam. 

f Eeferring to a public address by Mr. Craighead in Nashville, 
when the news was received of a massacre by Indians at Fort 
Mims, Alabama. 


by the church as authoritative." His very long address, 
caused the large congregation rapidly to melt away. 
"The eager parson, however, kept steadily on stating 
his points and arranging his texts, regardless of the 
empty pews ; for there sat General Jackson in the middle 
of the church bolt upright, with his eyes intently fixed 
upon the speaker. The General listened with a look of 
such rapt attention, that he seemed to produce upon the 
speaker the effect of a large assembly. When the parson 
wound up his discourse and descended from the pulpit, 
General Jackson went up to him and congratulated him 
heartily upon his triumphant vindication."* 

It may appear singular to some, that a person of the 
character and political relations and standing of General 
Jackson, should take so much interest in the fortunes of 
a Presb} T terian minister. It must be borne in mind, 
however, that these two men had been long associated 
together in the Board of Trustees of Davidson Academy, 
and then of the College, and were on terms of intimate 
friendship and daily intercourse. There is abundant evi- 
dence from other sources, that " General Jackson admired 
him, as did all the pioneers of his part of the State. "f Be- 
sides, the General was influenced by a sense of gratitude, 
as well as affection, towards all who bore the name. When 
he was taken prisoner at Waxhaw, after Buford's defeat 
by Tarleton, and carried to the prison-ship in Charleston 
harbor, his mother found a refuge, and home and kind 
friends, in Mr. Craighead's father's congregation, at Sugar 
Creek, North Carolina. And when Mrs. Jackson visited 
Charleston to see her son, she was accompanied by Mrs. 
Nancy Dunlap, the oldest daughter of Rev. Alexander. 
The General's mother died of fever at the Quarter House, 

* Parton's Jackson, vol. 2, pp. 655 and 656. f Ramsey. 


six miles from Charleston, and was cared for to the last 
by Mrs. Dunlap. The kindness shown his mother by the 
familv in this trying period, was never forgotten by Gen- 
eral Jackson, and was the motive assigned to the writer 
by President Polk, for the strong personal regard and at- 
tachment which existed, and for the fact that when Mr. 
Craighead was arraigned by the Synod of Kentucky, 
Jackson appeared as his Judge Advocate. 

Moreover, the General was descended from the same 
Scotch-Irish stock, and was brought up in the Presby- 
terian Church. His mother was a member of Wax- 
haw Church, and had her son baptized there, with the 
hope that he might some day be a minister. The impres- 
sions received at home, and in his earlier years, never 
wholly were lost. " The family Bible, covered with check 
cloth, as his mother's was, la} T on the stand at the Hermi- 
tage, where he ended his days; and he died at last the 
death of the Christian, in the communion of the church 
of his mother, a member in full of the Presbyterian 

Mr. Craighead never fully recovered the prominent 
position in the Church, which he held previous to his 
ecclesiastical troubles. Though the action of the Pres- 
bytery and Synod were pronounced by the Assembly, 
the last court of appeal, to have been hasty and wrong, 
and he was fully restored to the rights and privileges of a 
minister of Christ, the decision came too late to be of 
much value to him personally, or for the work he had 
yet to do for his Master.f The ultimate vindication of 

* Howe's Churches of South Carolina, p. 539. 

f This account differs widely from that given in " The History 
of the Presbyterian Church in Kentucky, 1 ' by Dr. Davidson. Un- 
fortunately, as we think for the truth of history, that writer has 
presented a detailed account of the controversies which Mr. Craig- 


his good name may have solaced his last hours, which 
had now come. Worn out by his sorrow, and afflicted 
with blindness, he closed his long and varied life in the 
year 1825, mourned not only by his family and immediate 
relatives, but also by his surviving compatriots. He was 
buried near the Hermitage, and is thus not far removed, 
even in death, from his honored friend, whom in life he 
loved so well and trusted so implicitly. 


(J4. John Brown, born — , 1785; married 1. Jane Dickerson ; 
2. Mrs. Lavinia Beck. 

65. Jane, born — , 1787; died, unmarried, 1846. 

66. David, " —,1790; married Mrs. Mary Hunt 


67. Alexander, " — ,1792; died, 1825, unmar. in Mo. 

68. William Brown, " — , 1793; died, unmarried, 1848, near 


69. James Brown, " — ,1795; married Jane Preston. 

70. Thomas Brown, " — , 1798; died, unmar., 1862, in Ark. 


CAPT. EOBERT CRAIGHEAD was the second son 
of Rev. Alexander, born June 27, 1751, and lived in 
North Carolina until the year 1789. He was married to 
Hannah Clark, who was born September, 1751, by whom 

head had with his brethren in Kentucky, giving their version of 
the same ; while he has omitted the review and judgment of the 
whole case by the impartial tribunal of the General Assembly. 
He merely informs his readers that Mr. Craighead was finally re- 


he had nine children. Fully sympathizing with his 
father's advanced political sentiments, no sooner was war 
declared with England, than he took up arms in defence 
of his country. He was a captain under General Sum- 
ter, and is said to have been a brave and excellent officer. 
His zeal and patriotism were such, that his life was 
eagerly sought by the Royalists under Cornwallis and 
Tarleton; and he was obliged to conceal his family in the 
bushes on Sugar Creek, while he was away fighting the 
enemies of his country. 

At the battle of Guilford Court House he was severely 
wounded in the shoulder, and would have died on the 
field of battle, had it not been for the kindness of a Ca- 
tawba Indian, who carried him to a place of security, 
and aided his escape in a wagon. He was subsequently 
cared for by the men of General Morgan's command, 
who were guarding the prisoners taken in Tarleton 's de- 
feat at the Cowpens. From his wound he never fully 
recovered. The Indian was accustomed to pay a 3 f early 
visit to Mr. Craighead until he removed from the State, 
and we may be certain that his kindness was not for- 

After the war, and about the year 1189 or 1790, he re- 
moved to Tennessee, and purchased land from Col. Fran- 
cis Ramse} T , on the Holston River, six miles above Knox- 
ville. Here he continued to live until 1792, when he re- 
moved to Knoxville. He was for many years a civil 
magistrate of Knox County, and he and four of his sons 
were elders of the Presbyterian Church. He died May 
7th, 1821 ; his wife, October 11th, 1813. "He ever sus- 
tained the reputation of an excellent citizen, and died at 
an advanced age, and is buried in the graveyard of the 
First Presbyterian Church, Knoxville."* 

* Letter of Major E. C. McRhee, Soddy, Tenn. 



71. Jane, born March 27, 1774; mar. William McEhee. 

72. Mary, " May 10, 1776; died 1778. 

73. William, " Oct. 1, 1778; mar. Jane Gillespie. 

74. Thomas, " March 6, 1781 ; mar. Mary Gillespie. 

75. John, " July 14, 1783; mar. Temperance Nelson. 

76. Alexander, " March 14, 1786 ; died unm. October, 1807. 

77. Margaret, " August 14, 1788; died unm. July 10, 1816. 

78. Rachel, " May 22, 1791 ; mar. John M. Cullen. 

79. Benjamin, " Feb. 20, 1794; mar. Orlena Bunch. 


NANCY CRAIGHEAD, the eldest daughter of Rev. 
Alexander Craighead, married, 1759, Rev. William Rich- 
ardson, pastor of Waxhaw Church, S. C. Mr. Richard- 
son was an Englishman, came to Philadelphia, 1750, 
afterwards went to Virginia, and resided in the family of 
Rev. Samuel Davies. Ordained by Hanover Presbytery 
July 18th, 1758. Had no children, but brought up his 
nephew, William Richardson Davie. " He took especial 
pains to guide him aright, to direct his studies, and im- 
plant within him those noble principles which in after life 
produced such noble fruits. Under this training he be- 
came 'a great man in the age of great men.' He was a 
patriot, a soldier, a jurist, a statesman, and a diplo- 

Though pastor of Waxhaw Church, Mr. Richardson's 
labors were not confined to that particular congregation. 
Indeed, for seventy miles around, he extended his evan- 
gelistic labors, visiting the people, and gathering them 
into churches. His preaching tours would continue for a 

* Howe's His. Pres. Ch., p. 531 


month, during which he preached daily. Messengers 
were frequently arriving to obtain his services as a 
preacher at different places. The churches in Chester and 
York, and Pacolet Church and Fairforest, are said to have 
been founded by him.* He " was a burning and shining 
light, a star of the first magnitude, a great Christian, a 
most eminent minister.''^ His tombstone in the north- 
east corner of Waxhaw gravej'ard bears the inscription, 
" He lived to purpose ; he preached with fidelity ; he 
prayed for his people ; and being dead he speaks. Born 
1729, at Egremont, England ; died July 20th, 1771." 

After Mr. Richardson's death, his widow married 
George Dunlap; had five children, and died 1790. She is 
represented as being " a lad} r of great beauty and talent, 
and to have possessed much of her father's spirit." An 
instance of her presence of mind is related in the Women 
of the Revolution, vol. 2, pp. 154 and 155. While on a visit 
in 1781 to her sister Rachel, wife of Dr. Caldwell of Guil- 
ford, the latter's house was surrounded by armed Tories, 
for the purpose of seizing the Doctor, who was an ardent 
Whig, and taking him to the British camp. As they 
were about to leave the house with their plunder and their 
prisoner, Mrs. Dunlap coming from another room, stepped 
up behind Dr. Caldwell, leaned over his shoulder and 
whispered to him, as if intending the question for his ear 
alone, asking him if it were not time for Gillespie and 
his men to be there. A soldier standing near heard the 
words, and in great alarm demanded what she meant. 
The lady replied she was merely speaking with her brother. 
In a moment all was confusion, the whole party were 
panic-stricken, and in the consternation produced by this 

* Howe's Hist. Pres. Church, S. C. 

f Mr. A. Simpson, an early friend and companion. 


ingenious manoeuvre, the Tories fled precipitately, leav- 
ing their prisoner and plunder. 

Her daughter Nancy had eleven children. Margaret 
married Mr. Huey; Nancy married Russel Price; Rachel 
Arsina married Dr. Leonard Strait; David married Miss 
Huey; and Jones married Miss Gill. All living, and re- 
side in Lancaster District, South Carolina. Other chil- 
dren, John, Eli, Minerva Jane, George Hyder, Robert 
H., and Mary, all dead. 

Her daughter Rachel married John Xeeley, 1806; and 
her daughter Selina married Major Robert G. Mills, and 
had three children, Edward, Major Thomas, and Julius. 

Children by Second Marriage. 

80. David, physician of Charlotte, N. C. ; left one son, Hamil- 

ton Dunlap, of Eutaw, Ala. 

81. George, of Wadesborough ; left children, Benjamin, Joseph, 

Jane Wadkins. 

82. Nancy, married Andrew Crockett ; died 1830. 

83. Jane, " Edward Crawford ; died 1840. 

84. Rachel, " John Neeley ; died 1874, in Drew Co., Ark. 


RACHEL CRAIGHEAD, the second daughter of Rev. 
Alexander Craighead, married, in 1766, Rev. David Cald- 
well, D.D.,* of Guilford, North Carolina, and died June 
3d, 1825. 

Dr. Caldwell taught a classical school at Guilford for 
many years, and educated a large number of the most 
eminent men of that day in the South. 

Dr. Foote, speaking of his son, Rev. S. Craighead Cald- 
well, says, " He had enough of the warm heart and ardent 

* Appendix. 


piet}^ of his mother, to make him both lovely and be- 
loved." And again, " The influence of Mrs. (David) Cald- 
well over the students was great, and all in favor of re- 
ligion ; and on that subject she was their confidant and 
adviser. Intelligent, kind, prudent, and conciliatory, she 
won their hearts, and directed their judgments, and the 
current saying was, ' Dr. Caldwell made the scholars, but 
Mrs. Caldwell made the preachers.' Multitudes will rise 
up and call her blessed." , " A wonderful woman to coun- 
sel and encourage," sa3's another writer. 

Rev. Mr. Caruthers, in his life of Dr. Caldwell, says, 
" For good sense and ardent piet} T , Mrs. Caldwell had 
few, if anj r , equals, and certainly no superiors at that 
time in this region of country. In every respect she was 
an ornament to her sex, and a credit to the station which 
she occupied. Her intelligence, prudence, and kind and 
conciliating manners, were such as to secure the respect 
and confidence of the young men in the school, while her 
concern for their future welfare, prompted her to use every 
means for turning their attention to their personal salva- 
tion. Whenever any of them became concerned about 
their salvation, the resort was to Mrs. Caldwell in prefer- 
ence to anybody else ; while all who were pious when they 
went to the school, or who became so while there, have 
always spoken of her with the highest veneration, and 
have borne a uniform testimony to her uncommon intel- 
ligence on the subject of religion, including doctrines, 
precepts, experiences, etc., her devotional spirit, her 
cheerful piety, her humble zeal, and her confidence in 

A life thus consecrated to the service of Christ, would 
lead us to expect a peaceful, if not a triumphant, death. 
And the closing scene is thus described : 

" For } T ears she had said that her greatest trial was her 


impatience to leave this world and get to a better. This 
impatience she believed to be wrong, and was often 
grieved to think that she was not completely resigned to 
the divine will ; but it continued until the very moment 
of her discharge; for almost the last thing she said was, 
' 0, what hinders that his chariot-wheels delay so long?' 
She retained her senses and all her faculties until the 
last breath, and a more instructive scene than her death- 
bed is seldom witnessed. Only an hour or two before 
she died, having perceived that they were preparing to 
make her burying-clothes, she gave, with perfect calmness 
and pleasantness, directions respecting certain parts of 
them ; and seemed to be as attentive to the comfort and 
welfare of those about her, as if she had been a minister- 
ing spirit sent from heaven for the purpose. She had her 
servants all called into her room, and mentioned b}-name 
the old woman who had nursed most of, her children. 
Finding all present as she wished, and feeling that the 
time of her departure was come, with quite a strong 
voice, she called upon her son Alexander to engage in 
prayer, which he did. While all were thus engaged, and 
on their knees, she asked her youngest son, who sat by 
her, for some water. Having raised up and taken it when 
presented, she sunk back into the bed again ; put up her 
hands and closed her own e} T es, then folded her arms 
across her breast, and with the next breath meekly re- 
signed her spirit into the hands of her Redeemer."* Xext 
day her remains were interred beside those of her husband ; 
and a marble slab, with a simple but appropriate inscrip- 
tion, was placed over their graves. 

* Carutlier's Life of Caldwell, p. 269. 



85. Samuel Craighead, born 1767 ; mar. 1st, Abigail Alexander ; 

2d, Elizabeth Lindsay ; died Aug. 25th, 1824. 

86. Alexander Caldwell, born 1769 ; mar. Sarah Davidson ; died 

Oct. 2, 1811. 

87. Andrew, born 1771 ; died June 12th, 1845. 

88. James Edmund, born 1772 ; died July, 1836, unmarried. 

89. Martha, born 1775; unmarried, and date of death unknown. 

90. David, f born Oct. 7th, 1777; \ David mar. Susan Clark, 

91. Thomas, I " " " i and died July 3d, 1857. 

92. John Washington, born 1780; mar. Margaret Cabe, and 

died Dec. 8, 1844. 

93. Kobert Craighead, born 1786; mar. 1st, Maria Latta ; 2d, 

Marjora Woodbourn ; 3d, Mary Claney. 


JANE CRAIGHEAD, third daughter of Kev. Alex- 
ander Craighead, married Patrick Calhoun. She had 
two children, but both died young. "She was very 
beautiful, smart, and sprightly ; had a fine disposition, 
and was a great favorite." After her death, Mr. Cal- 
houn married a Miss Caldwell, of Abbeville, who was the 
mother of Hon. John Caldwell Calhoun. 


MAKGARET CRAIGHEAD, the fourth daughter of 
Rev. Alexander Craighead, married Mr. Carruth. Know 

nothing of her descendants. 


MARY CRAIGHEAD, the fifth daughter of Rev. 
Alexander Craighead, married Samuel Dunlap. Nothing 
more is known of the family. 




ELIZABETH CEAIGHEAD, the sixth daughter of 

Rev. Alexander Craighead, married Alexander Crawford. 
Moved to Tennessee about 1800. Their son Alexander 
was with General Jackson at the battle of Xew Orleans. 


THOMAS CRAIGHEAD, son of John and Rachel 
R. Craighead, born March 15th, 1137, married Margaret 
Gilson, of East Pennsborough, Pa. He resided his entire 
lifetime on his father's property, adding to its value by 
additional purchases. His character is thus portrayed : 
" In his death his family have lost an affectionate head 
and society a very useful member, whose activity and zeal 
in matters both of a civil and religious nature, were con 
spicuous and exemplary."* His death took place, No 
vember 13th, 1807. His wife born in 1738 ; died Decern 
ber 17th, 1813. 


94. John, born Feb, 18th, 1764; married Jane Lamb. 

95. Richard, " Nov. 8th, 1765; died, unmarried, on the 

Mansion farm, Nov. 22d, 1852. 

96. Thomas, born April 28th, 1768; mar. Rebecca "Weakley. 

97. James, " Jan. 6th, 1772; married Margaret Gilson. 

98. George, » Feb. 20th, 1774 ; married Mary Gillespie. 

99. "William, born April 23d, 1779; mar. Hetty Weakley. 
100. Rachel, " July 10th, 1783; mar. John A. Cooper. 


JOHN CEAIGHEAD was the second son of John 
and Rachel R. Craighead, who removed from Lancaster 

* Kline's Gazette, November, 1807. 


County, Pa., in the year 1742, and settled on a large tract 
of land four miles south of Carlisle. His great grand- 
father was Rev. Robert Craighead, a Scotchman, who 
went to Ireland as early as 1657 or 1658, and was pastor 
first at Donoughmore and then at Londonderry. He sub- 
sequently resided in Dublin, and was the author of sev- 
eral volumes on Practical Religion, and on the Contro- 
versy with the Prelatists of Ireland. Rev. Thomas 
Craighead, son of Robert, was his grandfather, who came 
to New England in 1715, and after preaching eight years 
near Fall River, Mass., removed to Delaware, and was 
installed pastor over the Presbyterian Church at White 
Clay Creek. In 1733 he accepted a call to Pequea, Lan- 
caster County, Pa., and afterwards to Hopewell (Xew- 
ville, Cumberland County), where he closed his ministry 
with his life. 

The subject of this sketch was born in the year 1742, 
and passed his early youth on his father's farm. He 
pursued his classical studies at Princeton College, gradu- 
ating in 1763. From Carlisle Presbytery, October 30th, 
1765, he received a letter of recommendation to the Pres- 
byteiy of Lancaster, within whose bounds he was prose- 
cuting the study of divinity. The latter Presbytery being 
in existence but a single year, he was transferred to 
Donegal Presbytery and appointed as a probationer, "to 
supply vacancies within its bounds." A call from Rocky 
Spring,* near Chambersburg, Pa., was placed in his hands, 
April, 1767, as also an application for his services from 
Newcastle Presbyteiy. The latter invitation led to a 
correspondence between the two Presbyteries, the final 
result of which was an acceptance by Mr. Craighead, in 
October of the same year, of the call from Rocky Spring, 

* Appendix. 


at a salary of £100; when he presented a certificate of 
dismission and recommendation from Newcastle Presby- 
tery (into which connection he had come by a new ad- 
justment of the Presbyteries by Synod) to Donegal 
Presbytery, and "was cheerfully and heartily received." 
His sermon, exegesis, examinations in Greek and Latin, 
and the various parts of trial, are stated as having been 
"fully sustained;" and he was ordained and installed by 
Presbytery April 13th, 17 68. 

From the records of Presbytery it appears that Mr. 
Craighead continued without interruption and with great 
fidelity and usefulness in this pastoral relation until the 
year 1789, discharging not only his duties to his own 
congregation, but spending much of his time, as was the 
custom with these pioneer preachers, in organizing 
churches and supplying settlements, which had no regu- 
lar means of grace. An interruption of his labors oc- 
curred for one year at this time, owing to ill-health, 
which incapacitated him both "in mind and body to 
attend to the duties of his office."* But we find him again 
regularly in his place at the meeting of Carlisle Presby- 
tery (which had been organized in 1786) in the spring of 
1791, when he was appointed its Commissioner to the 
General Assembly; and, in the June meeting of 1792, 
supplies were provided for his pulpit in order that he 
might fulfil a mission on which he was sent by the As- 
sembly. What this mission was, or the time occupied in 
its discharge, we are not informed. Most probably it 
was of a similar character to that which was frequently 
intrusted to the more prominent and experienced clergy- 
men of this region — that of several months' missionary 

* He was subject to great depression of spirits at times, which 
w fitted him for preaching and pastoral duties. 


labors among the scattered members of Christ's flock, who 
lived remote from organized churches, and were deprived 
of the sacraments. These missionary tours were made 
on horseback, over mountains, and through forests, with 
nothing oftentimes to mark the road but blazed trees; 
and frequently they consumed months in their prosecu- 
tion, and extended to a distance of several hundred miles. 

The next mention made of Mr. Craighead is in 1793, 
when he was again chosen to represent his Presbytery in 
the Assembly ; and it would appear he was in the per- 
formance of all his official duties as pastor until some 
time in IT 95 or IT 96, when an application was made to 
the Presbytery for supplies on account of his inability 
"to discharge the ministerial functions." His ill-health 
continuing, and the Presbytery believing "that there are 
not probable symptoms of recovery, and that his tem- 
poral circumstances are comfortable," dissolved the pas- 
toral relation on April 9th, 1799, "solely for inability." 
His death almost immediately followed, taking place 
April 20th, IT 99. His body was laid to rest in the grave- 
yard adjoining the church, where he had so long and so 
ably preached the Gospel, and over it an affectionate 
people erected a suitable memorial, on which are inscribed 
his name, the dates of his installation and death, and 
that, "He was a faithful and zealous servant of Jesus 

While on his way to join the American arm}' in Xew 
Jersey, and in passing through Lancaster County, he 
stopped with his company at the house of Rev. Adam 
Boyd, where he made the acquaintance of his daughter 
Jenny. After the close of the campaign they were 
married. His wife, who was born March 17th, 1T30, 
survived him, and died in Carlisle, Pa., 1803, leaving no 


Mr. Craighead, like nearly every other Preslyyterian 
minister in the Cumberland Yalle\ T , and indeed in this 
country, was an earnest patriot in the war for Indepen- 
dence. He could scarcely have been different, descended 
as he was from a Scotch-Irish ancestry, who in Scotland, 
Ireland, and in this country, were ever foremost in their 
resistance to all forms of oppression, and in their main- 
tenance of civil and religious libert}'. His uncle, Rev. 
Alexander Craighead, at as early a period as 1742, while 
residing in Lancaster Count3 T , published such advanced 
sentiments on the subject of political freedom that he in- 
curred the displeasure of the Governor of the Province, 
and also of his fellow ministers ; so that he finally re- 
moved to North Carolina, where his opinions and teach- 
ing were said to have been more influential than those of 
any other individual in the final production of the cele- 
brated Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence. 

The zeal and devotion of the subject of this sketch in 
his country's cause was similarly noteworth}-. It is said 
of him that " he fought and preached alternately ;" refer- 
ring to his acting as captain of his companj T , when on 
the march and in battle, while in camp he discharged the 
duties of chaplain to his soldiers. 

Referring to a large oak tree which stood at the en- 
trance to the mansion of one of his parishioners, Mr. 
Sharp, a writer,* sa} T s : " Here also, in the early days of the 
Revolution, the brave and gifted Craighead gathered the 
men of this remote part of his congregation, and stand- 
ing under its majestic branches, addressed them in favor of 
American Independence. In thrilling tones he exhorted 
his members to stand up boldly, and let their slogan cry, 
■ God and Liberty,' forever ring from mountain to moun- 

* C. J. McClay, M.D. 


tain. Roused b} r his fervid eloquence and patriotic ex- 
ample, they enlisted in defence of liberty, and their names 
may be found amongst those slaughtered at the ' Paoli ' 
and the ' Billett ;' who suffered at Talley Forge, and who 
fought at Brandywine, Monmouth, and other battles." 

Still another writer states that he preached " in glow- 
ing terms, Jesus Christ, the only hope of salvation, and 
after the delivery of his sacred message, in eloquent and 
patriotic strains exhorted the } T outh of his congregation 
to rise up and join the noble band, then engaged under 
the immortal Washington, in struggling to free our be- 
loved country from British oppression." On one of these 
occasions, the patriot preacher declaimed in such fervid 
and powerful terms respecting the evils his country was 
enduring, and presented such a description of each man's 
duty that " the whole congregation rose from their seats 
and declared their willingness to march to the conflict." 

Besides inspiring others with courage and resolution, 
as is further evinced by a sermon still preserved in the 
Presbyterian Historical Society entitled, Courage in a 
Good Cause, preached before Col. Montgoineiy's Batta- 
lion, August 31st, 1775, Mr. Craighead, at the commence- 
ment of the war, " raised a company from the members of 
his own congregation, put himself at their head, and 
joined Washington's army in New Jersey." In many 
hardfought battles this clerical captain and his men, 
" gave undoubted evidence that their courage was of no 
mean order." 

The bold and faithful pastor subsequently returned to 
his congregation, and watched over it until increasing 
infirmities, and finally death, severed the endearing re- 



JAMES CRAIGHEAD, son of John and Rachel B. 

Craighead, born , married Isabella Gilson, sister of 

his brother Thomas's wife. Was a farmer, and lived on 
a portion of the Mansion farm, patented originally by his 


101. James Gilson, born April 4th, 1765; died April 5th, 1822. 

102. Rachel, married Solomon Lightcap. 

103. Margaret. 


CATHARINE CRAIGHEAD, daughter of John and 
Rachel R. Craighead, born November, 1748, married 
William Geddes, of East Pennsborough, Pa., November, 
1778. He was born in 1735, and previously married 
Sarah McAllen, by whom he had children, James,* Mar- 
garet, John, Paul, William, and Robert. By his second 
wife he had only one child. 

104. Thomas, born Aug. 8th, 1779; mar. Mary Craighead; died 
1831, leaving no children. 


MARGARET CRAIGHEAD, daughter of Captain 
William and Mildred Thompson Craighead, born Novem- 
ber 30th. 1759, married July 6th, 1786, Samuel Sandys, of 

* Appendix. 


Lancashire, England, " of the ancient and distinguished 
family of that name, now residing at Graithwaite Hall, in 
that county, and descended from Sir Edwin Sandys, 
Archbishop of York." Mrs. Mary Craighead Griffin, of 
Washington, D.C., aged seventy-seven years, is the only 
surviving child. 

She had children, William Edwin, who died aged 
twent} T -nine years. Ann Eliza, married, 1. Thomas B. 
Moseley, of Virginia; 2. Colonel Jennings Piggott, X. C; 
no children. Mary Jane married Thomas Reynolds, 
N. C, and have children, Dr. Wallis B., of Washington, 
D.C., Anna Grace, Nelson Graves. Patronilla Chappel 
married Dr. B. C. Cooke, Washington, D.C., and have 
children, Florence Virginia, Ella Sandys. Virginia 
Strickland married Dr. A. N. Williamson, Washington, 
D.C., and have children, Mary Amelia, Edwin Sandys, 
Arthur Norville, Bessie Bittenger. John C. married 
Miss T. C. V. Jones, of Lunenburg County, Va., and 
have children, Lelia Epes, Mary Spencer, Dena, William 
Edwin, Thaddeus P., Ernest. Margaret Ellen, and J. 
Nelson, unmarried, and reside in Washington, D.C. 


GEOKGE CEAIGHEAD, second son of Captain Wil- 
liam and Mildred Thompson Craighead, born in Hanover 
County, April 15th, 1762, married Petronilla Lambkin, 
of Nottoway County, Virginia. Removed when quite 
young with his father to Lunenburg .Count}", where he 
continued to reside until his death, in 1851, "revered by 
the community in which he lived ; admired, cherished, 
and loved by those bound to him b}^ the more intimate 
ties and relations of life." 


He was educated at Hampden Sidney College, entering 
as a student the first session of the institution, and before 
any of the buildings were completed. He ever cherished 
the strongest affection for his Alma Mater ; and that he 
improved his time and advantages while in college, is 
shown by the fact that when "ninety years of age, al- 
though the active duties of his profession prevented him 
from keeping up his classical studies, he was able to 
conjugate the Greek verb backwards and forwards, as 
well as quote long passages from Greek and Latin au- 
thors." At the age of seventeen he left college for a 
short time, in compan}^ with other students, to repel a 
threatened invasion of the British. 

" He studied law under William Cowan, Esq., and 
brought to his profession all the ardor, earnestness, 
honesty, punctuality, and intrepidity of his nature. His 
practice, partly from the high standing of his father, was 
from the first very large and lucrative, requiring him to 
attend the courts not only of Lunenburg, but all the ad- 
jacent counties." 

In Lunenburg County he was the attorney for the Com- 
monwealth for thirty-nine years, and in the language of 
one of the ablest lawyers of Virginia, " during that time 
he was counsel, court, and evei\ything." In his business 
he was guided b}^ a few simple rules, among which were 
these : to do everything in the best manner, taking the 
necessary time for doing it ; to be methodical, regular, 
and exact in the discharge of every duty, private or pub- 
lic ; and under no circumstances to use his client's money. 
As a lawyer, though not distinguished for oratoiy, " he 
was always straightforward and methodical, and with a 
character established for sincerity, as well as accuracy of 
information, with a thorough intolerance and abhorrence 
of wrong, he erected a high standard of right ; and in his 


official capacity the evil doer could expect little favor at 
his hands. His high sense of honor, gentleness, wisdom, 
and integrity earned for him the distinguished appella- 
tion of 'honest lawyer and true gentleman.' " 

Possessed of a large estate, his hospitality was un- 
bounded, and characteristic of Virginia in her palmiest 
days. He kept literally an " open house," to which " the 
stranger and the wayfaring man, from the humblest to 
the highest, were kindly admitted, and welcomed to the 
best of everything. And when friends came, and in this 
instance, all acquaintances were friends, new life seemed 
to be infused into all about the premises, the master, the 
mistress, and the servants ; and all visitors felt not only 
welcome, but that they had brought happiness to the 
household. Always prepared for company, the mistress 
of the house was never surprised by a new arrival." 
The " preachers' room " was often occupied bj r some of 
the most distinguished divines of that da}' ; and when the 
court was in session his house was the home of the judges 
and lawyers, where was found ample provision both for 
man and beast. 

In the social circle " he was inimitable, as a talker, full 
of humor, anecdote, and reminiscences of notable men." 
As a husband and a master, he was ever loving, con- 
siderate, and kind. The same love of order and punc- 
tuality, was observed in the house and on the plantation. 
His servants were comfortably housed, fed, and clothed, 
and when sick they had the best medical advice and 
nursing, with the unremitting personal attention of him- 
self and wife. The same thoughtfulness and care were 
shown also, to all the domestic animals. It need scarcely 
be added, for such characters are not formed by nature 
but by grace divine, that he was for many years a con- 
sistent member of the Bethan}' Presbyterian Church. 


Having no children of their own, this happy couple 
reared and educated several nieces and nephews, whose 
descendants hold their memory in grateful, lasting re- 

Most of the above information has been kindly fur- 
nished by one of these, Dr. R. I. H. Hatchett, of Lunen- 
burg County, Ya., a grand nephew of Mrs. George Craig- 
head, who writes from "the old chamber " of the paternal 
mansion, in which husband and wife, calmly and peace- 
fully breathed out their earthly lives. 


WILLIAM CEAIGHEAD, son of Captain William and 
Mildred Thompson Craighead, born January 21st, 1768; 
married, 1790, Frances Glenn. He was a highly respect- 
able citizen of Lunenburg, Ya., and died at an advanced 
age, August 10th, 1848. His wife died June, 1834. 


105. George, born Sept. 25th, 1796; died June 20th, 1843, unmar. 

106. Sally, " ; married Mr. Stone, and moved to Hen- 

derson, Ky., leaving several children. 

107. Mildred, born ; died young. 

108. Petronilla, " Oct. 11th, 1804; married April 17th, 1821, 

Peter Burton, of Mecklenburg County, Ya., who died 
1861. Had ten children. She is still living. 

109. Martha, born ; married Capt. Frederick Lester, of 

Lunenburg County, Ya. Left seven children. 

110. William Glenn, born Feb. 9th, 1808; died June 4th, 1857, 


111. Mary, born ; unmarried and living in Ky. 


tain William and Mildred Thompson Craighead, born 


January 23d, 1713; married Frances C. Matthews, of 
Prince Edward County, Ya. He was " a plain, worthy, 
eccentric man." Died May 11th, 1849, leaving only one 
child, Salty, who married Elisha B. Jackson, who still 
lives at Lunenburg Court House, Ya. She died, leaving 
one son, George Craighead Jackson, of Staunton, Ya. 


ISABELLA CEAIGHEAD, second daughter of Col- 
onel George and Ann Brattain Craighead, born July 
15th, 1163; married James Park. Died April 5th, 1833. 
Husband died before. 


1 12. Samuel, born 1806 ; mar. Sarah Philips, and had a daughter, 

died in infancy. He is dead, and his wife living, and 
married to Mr. Hanna. 

113. George C. f born 1809; died 1819. 


ESTHEE CEAIGHEAD, fourth daughter of Col. 
George and Ann Brattain Craighead, born March 31st, 
1766; married November 26th, 1812, Alexander Scott, of 
Washington County, Pa., father of Judge Josiah Scott, 
of the Supreme Court of Ohio. Mr. Scott was first mar- 
ried in 1790 to Rachel McDowell, daughter of Hon. John 
McDowell, by whom he had nine children. The oldest, 
Yiolet, married William Colmeiy, and is the mother of 
Rev. Dr. Colmery, of Oxford, Ohio. Mrs. Rachel Scott 
was a woman of great excellence of character, but died 
leaving a family of young children, " badly needing a 


mother's gentle and kindly care. In this sad condition, 
God in his great goodness sent Esther Craighead to be 
our mother. And well did she discharge the duties of 
her mission." 

" The memory of her unwearied labors, her motherly 
love, her fervent prayers, and anxious cares for us who 
were strangers to her in blood, and but little able to ap- 
preciate her goodness ; the untiring patience with which 
she bore with all our waywardness, the unselfish devotion 
with which she sought to promote our interests, temporal 
and eternal, and loved and labored as only a Christian 
mother could — the memory of all this makes the very 
name of Craighead dear to my heart. This world of sin 
has rarely seen a better stepmother. In my father's 
absence, she never failed to lead in family worship, morn- 
ing and evening."* 

She had no children; died September 1th, 1825, and 
was buried in Chartiers Church graveyard. 



George and Ann Brattain Craighead, born Januarj^ 6th, 
1768; married January 17th, 1792, Rachel Allison, the 
oldest daughter of Judge James Allison, near Canons- 
burgh, Pa. Her only sister was married to Rev. Dr. 
McElroy, of Xew York City. Thomas was " a successful 
physician, eminently qualified by culture, nature, and 
grace, to discharge the responsible duties of his profes- 
sion. His practice was in the town of Canonsburgh, and 
the surrounding country. Here he labored until his 
health failed, when he moved to a farm, adjoining that of 

* Judge Josiah Scott, Columbus, Ohio. 


his wife's father, where he lingered for several years, suf- 
fering with drops}', and died in the year 1821." 


114. Mary, born Jan. 5th, 1793 ; mar. David Watson. 

115. Anna, " Oct. 27th, 1794; mar. William Willson. 

116. George, " Sept. 10th, 1797; died Aug. 15th, 1799. 


WILLIAM CRAIGHEAD, son of Col. George and 
Ann Brattain Craighead, born July 25th, 1111 ; married, 
December 19th, 1800, Jane Boggs, who was born in Dela- 
ware, November, 1174, and died April 14th, 1859. He 
died May 22d, 1853. Lived in Washington County, Pa. 


117. George, born Dec. 24th, 1801 ; mar. Elizabeth S. Neill. 

118. James, " Feb. 10th, 1805; unmar., lives on farm near 

Canonsburgh, Pa. 

119. William, born Dec. 1st, 1806 ; died April 22d, 1836, unm. 

120. Nancy, " July 7th, 1808 ; died in infancy. 

121. Thomas, " Sept. 10th, 1810; " " 

122. John Brattain, born July 17th, 1814; graduated at Jeffer- 

son College, 1841 ; lives with his brother James. 


ELIZABETH CRAIGHEAD, daughter of Colonel 
George and Ann Brattain Craighead, born August 18th, 
1113 ; married Samuel Wilson in 1815 ; died June 23d, 
1845, leaving a daughter Elizabeth and a son George. 

123. Elizabeth, born March 24th, 1816; mar. John Boggs, June 


23d, 1834; children, Mary M., Elizabeth Ann, David, 
Samuel W., George C, William Judson. Live in Alle- 
ghany City, Pa. 
124. George, born Aug. 22d, 1817 ; mar. Margaret J. Taggart, 
Aug. 24th, 1841. Has six daughters. Lives near Bloom- 
field, 111. A Baptist preacher, and farmer and author. 


JOHN BKOWN CEAIGHEAD, the first son of Rev. 
Thomas B. and Elizabeth Brown Craighead, was born 
at Haysborough, Tenn., 1785, and married for his first 
wife Jane Dickerson, by whom he had two sons. His 
second wife was Mrs. Lavinia Beck, formerly Robertson, 
the daughter of Gen. James Robertson, a noted pioneer 
of Tennessee, who came to the State with General Jack- 
son. She died in 1865. Mr. Craighead was a successful 
sugar planter, near Plaquemine, La., and died in 1853. 

125. Joseph E., born 1813; mar. Phereby K. White. 

126. Thomas B., " 1821; mar. Tennessee Virginia Johnston. 


JANE CEAIGHEAD, the only daughter of Rev. 
Thomas and Elizabeth Broivn Craighead, was born in 
1187, and died unmarried in 1846. She was a woman of 
great culture and refinement. 


DAVID CEAIGHEAD, the second son of Rev. 
Thomas and Elizabeth Brown Craighead, was born in the 

O 1 



year IT 90, and married in 1820 Mrs. Mary Hunt Good- 
loe, formerly Macon, daughter of John Macon, of War- 
renton, N. C, and grand-niece of Hon. Nathaniel Macon. 
She died in Nashville in 1872, greatly beloved and re- 
spected. Mr. Craighead was a lawyer of distinction in 
Nashville, Tenn., a man of superior talents, and a public 
speaker in great repute. Some years previous to his 
death, which took place in Memphis, January, 1849, he 
removed to Arkansas, and largely engaged in operations 
as a planter. 


127. Elizabeth B., born 1823 ; died 1841. 

128. James B., «« 1825; married Ellen K. Erwin. 

129. Mary Jane, " 1827; " Thomas W. Preston. 

130. Joanna M., " 1830; " James Ellis. 

131. Thomas D., " Dec. 26, 1831 ; m. Kachel Adelia Carter. 


JAMES BROWN CRAIGHEAD, the fifth son of Rev. 
Thomas and Elizabeth Brown Craighead, was born in 
IT 95, and married Miss Jane Preston, sister of Mr. 
Thomas W. Preston, of Abingdon, Ya. He was an emi- 
nent lawyer, and a planter for many years in Alabama. 
He died in 1860. 



David, born 






John, " 





Jenny, " 





William, « 





Preston, " 





Thomas, " 






THOMAS B, CEAIGHEAD, the youngest son of 
Rev. Thomas and Elizabeth Brown Craighead, was born 
in 1198, and resided for many j^ears previous to his death, 
1862, in Arkansas. Was a man of very high order of 
talent, of great learning and originality, and a lawyer of 
large reputation. For many years he represented his 
district in the Senate of Arkansas ; and the county of 
Craighead, in that State, was named in honor of him. 
Was never married. 


JANE CEAIGHEAD, the first daughter of Captain 
Robert and Hannah Clark Craighead, was born in North 
Carolina, March 27th, 1174, and married William McRhee, 
Esq. They had but one surviving child, Major Robert 
C. McRhee, of Sodcty, Hamilton County, East Tennessee. 
Her death occurred March 22d, 1848. The son married, 
and had two sons and two daughters, all of whom are 
married, and have families. 


WILLIAM CEAIGHEAD, the oldest son of Capt. 
Robert and Hannah Clark Craighead, was born in North 
Carolina, October 1st, 1778, and married Jane Gillespie. 
He was a highly respected citizen of Lebanon, Tenn., serv- 
ing for a long time as a civil magistrate in Knox Count}', 
and as an elder in the Presbyterian Church of Lebanon. 
He died March 21st, 1835* 



142. John V., born 1800; died unmar. September 8th, 1827. 

143. Kobert Clark, born 1802; died unmar. Aug. 29th, 1823. 

144. Thomas G., " Aug. 19, 1805; m. Kutelia Armstrong. 

145. Hannah Malinda, born May 20th, 1809 ; mar. Samuel S. 


146. William, born Aug. 25th, 1811 ; died unm. Aug. 15th, 1835. 

147. Samuel G., " May 15th, 1814; mar. Nancy McGill. 

148. Benjamin Alexander, born Aug. 12, 1816 ; d. Aug. 29, 1816. 


THOMAS OEAIGHEAD, second son of Captain 
Robert and Hannah Clark Craighead, born March 6th, 
1781, married Mary Gillespie, of Knox County, Tenn. 
After her death, married Mrs. Nancy McGill. Xo chil- 
dren by last wife. Mr. Craighead was an elder of Mount 
Bethel Church for many years. Died September 16th, 
1839, and buried at Soddy, Tenn. 


149. Thomas C, married Mary Parsons ; children, John N., 

William, and Mary. 

150. Mary, married Thomas Parsons. 

151. Robert. 

152. Sarah, married James Surgoin. 

153. William, married, and lives in Missouri. 


JOHN OEAIGHEAD, the third son of Capt. Robert 
and Hannah Clark Craighead, was born July 14th, 1783, 
and married, in 1806, Temperance Nelson, of Rockbridge 
County, Virginia. She was born September 25th, 1787, 


and died December 13th, 1842. He died July 21st, 1826. 
Was an active and useful elder in the First Presbyterian 
Church of Knoxville, Tenn. 


154. Eliza H., born April 6th, 1806 ; mar. 1st, Hugh L. White ; 

2d, Col. W. B. Ramsey. 

155. James P. N"., born Dec. 3d, 1812; married Sarah Agnes 


156. Kobert, born Sept. 23d, 1814; mar. Sophia E. White. 


EAOHEL CKAIGHEAD, the youngest daughter of 
Captain Robert and Hannah Clark Craighead, was born 
in Tennessee, May 22d, 1791, and was married to John 
M. Cullen, and soon after removed to Alabama. She 
died October 11th, 1826. 


157. Elizabeth. 

158. Jane. 

159. Temperance. 

160. James Harvey. 


BENJAMIN CKAIGHEAD, the youngest son of Cap- 
tain Robert and Hannah Clark Craighead, was born 
in Tennessee, February 20th, 1794, and married Orlena 
Bunch, daughter of Col. John Bunch, of Granger Count}', 
East Tennessee. He removed about the } T ear 1835 to 
Green County, Missouri, where he died, August 20th, 1839. 


161. Eliza, who married Mr. Clark. 

162. Orlena. 




JOHN CRAIGHEAD, son of Thomas and Margaret 
Gilson Craighead, born February 18th, 1764; married 
Jane Lamb, of East Pennsborough, who was born May 
7th, 1765. A farmer; lived and died on the farm now 
owned and occupied by Mr. Bradley, in Cumberland 
County, Pa. Died February 19th, 1814; his wife, Feb- 
ruary 23d, 1809. 


163. Thomas, 

164. Samuel, 

165. Margaret, 

166. William, 


167. Jane, 


168. John, 


169. Peggy and ^ 

170. Kachel, J 

171. James, 

172. Mary Lamb, 

Kimball, Esq. 

horn Dec. 9th, 1789; mar. Martha Sterrett. 

" Nov. 25th, 1791 ; died 1816, unmar. 

" March 4th, 1793; died in childhood. 

" February 12th, 1795; married Phebe 

" April 13th, 1797; married Dr. Pv. P. 

" Aug. 24th, 1799; married Maria L. 

" Dec. 18th, 1801 ; died in infancy. 

" Aug. 24th, 1803 ; died in childhood. 

" Aug. 12th, 1807; married Volney K. 


THOMAS CRAIGHEAD, third son of Thomas and 
Margaret Gilson Craighead, born April 28th, 1768 ; mar- 
ried Rebecca Weakley, November, 1796. Was a miller 
and farmer. Lived first at the mill, which was located 
on the Mansion farm, and then on a farm at junction of 
the Baltimore Turnpike with the State road, where he 



died, November 22d, 1852. His wife, born July 27th, 
1773; died August 21, 1858. 


175. William, born Feb. 5th, 1798 ; died, unmarried, Nov. 

5th, 1844. 

176. John Boyd, " April 22d, 1800; married, 1st. Mary 

W. Purdy. 2d. Rebecca Dodds. 

177. Thomas, born Jan. 1st, 1802 ; died unm. Oct, 22d, '64. 

178. George, " Nov. 20th, 1804; died in infancy. 

179. Jane, " Aug. 5th, 1807; unmarried. 

180. Margaret, " Sept. 20th, 1809 ; mar. S. Woodburn. 

181. Richard, " July 17th, 1811 ; married Augusta L. 


182. Mary, " March 27th, 1813; died June 8th, 

1874, unmarried. 

183. Rachel, born Feb. 8th, 1816 ; unmarried. 


JAMES CRAIGHEAD, son of Thomas and Margaret 
Gilson Craighead, born January 6th, 1772; married 
Margaret Gilson, of East Pennsborough. Lived for some 
years in Carlisle, Pa., and then removed, in 1810, to a 
farm near New Lisbon, Ohio. Was a soldier in the war 
of 1812. Had several children, of whom all but two died 
young. He died June 20, 1848 ; his wife in 1835 ; both 
buried near New Lisbon, Ohio. 


185. William, born Nov. 4, 1811 ; married Rebecca George. 

186. Rachel, » 1823 ; married William Gilson. 



GEORGE CRAIGHEAD, the fifth son of Thomas and 
Margaret Gilson Craighead, born February 22d, 17*74 ; 
married Mary Gillespie, April 1st, 1802. He was a farmer, 
living until he died, August 30th, 1848, on the farm adjoin- 
ing his brother John's, now owned and occupied by his 
youngest son George. Wife born August 29th, 1180; 
died June 15th, 1839. 


187. Martha, born ; died in infancy. 

188. Thomas, " June 18th, 1806; married Ann 

Jane Smith. 

189. Margaret, " ; mar. John McCandlish. 

190. Mary Ann, » June 18th, 1813 ; married Wil- 

liam F. Given. 

191. Nathaniel Gillespie, " ; died in infancy. 

192. Martha Jane, " May, 1814 ; married Dr. C. E. 


193. George Duffield, " ; mar. Maria A. Carmony. 


WILLIAM CKAIGHEAD, the youngest son of Thomas 
and Margaret Gilson Craighead, born April 23d, 1TT9; 
married Hetty Weakley, daughter of Samuel and Hesther 
Lusk Weakley, February 9th, 1815. Married by Rev. 
Dr. Atwater. Farmer, born and lived on the Mansion 
farm until his death, December 15th, 1843, beloved by 
his family and by the community. " lie was a decided, 
energetic, and exemplary Christian, and his loss will be 
seriously felt by the church, as well as his family. He 
was zealously affected towards all the benevolent efforts 
of the day, and his name is recorded among the liberal 



contributors to those different objects. As a busband y 
father, brother, friend, and neighbor, he was justly be- 
loved by all who stood connected with him in these vari- 
ous relations."* His wife, born July 10th, 1789, died 
March 24th, 1875.f 


194. Richard, born Oct. 31st, 1815; married Lydia L. 


195. John Weakley, » Feb. 7th, 1817; married Mary 

Ann Moore. 

196. George Duffield, " April 22d, '19 ; died Jan. 17th, '20. 

197. Samuel Alexander, » Oct. 31st, '20; died Nov. 27th, '27. 

198. James Geddes, » March 5th, 1823; married Har- 

riet M. Van Auken. 

199. Hetty Matilda, born Oct. 15th, 1825; married A. Gal- 

braith Ege. 

200. William Lusk, " March 4th, 1828; married Mary 

Ann Brandon. 

201. Thomas Brown, " Sept. 10th, 1831 ; married Sarah 

Jane Moore. 


KACHEL CRAIGHEAD, the only daughter of Thomas 
and Margaret Gilson Craighead, born July 10th, 1783; 
married John A. Cooper, of Carlisle, Pa., February 14th, 
1805. Lived for many years after her husband's death 
in Carlisle, then removed to Clarkesville, Tenn., where 
she died in 1848. Had but one child. 

* Rev. Dr. George Duffield, his pastor. 

f Appendix. 



202. Charles Richard Cooper. Was a physician ; married, May 
6th, 1830, Mary Hays, of Carlisle. Practiced medicine 
in Carlisle, then removed to Clarksville, Tenn., where 
he died, leaving several children. He was a man of de- 
cided ability, and respected and trusted in his profession. 


Isabella Gilson Craighead, born four miles south of Car- 
lisle, Pa., April 4th, 1765; married, September, 1790, 
Agnes White, who died November 1st, 1800. He married 
for his second wife Mrs. Margaret Patterson, widow of 
James Patterson, June 18th, 1801. Her maiden name 
was Lamb. She was born February 23d, 17*78, and died 
April 25th, 1804. His third wife was Ann Shields, of 
Franklin County, born 1778, married May 28th, 1807, and 
died December 7th, 1843. He died April 5th, 1822. A 
farmer and manufacturer. 

Children by First Marriage. 

203. Mary, born Oct. 25th, 1791 ; mar. Thomas Geddes. 

204. Isabella, " Nov. 27th, 1793 ; mar. Mr. Stewart. 

205. Jane, « Jan. 23d, 1796. 

206. James, " Feb. 6th, 1798 ; died April 6th, 1822, 


207. David, " May 6th, 1800; died Jan. 30th, 1801. 

Children by Second Marriage. 

208. John, born May 5th, 1802; married Alesanna 


209. Another child, » April 13th, 1804; died Sept. 13th, 

1804: not named. 


Children by Third Wife. 

210. Gilson, born April 1st, 1808 ; died in Tenn., 1869. 

211. Nancy, " March 8th, 1810; mar. G. S. Brandon. 

212. Kobert, " April 26th, 1812; married Helen M. 


213. Margaret, " July 4th, 1814; married Edward 


214. David, " April 20th, 1816 ; mar. M. J. Sloan. 

215. Samuel, » June 6th, 1818; married Mrs. Jean- 

nette A. Schenck. 

216. Mary Ann, born June 30th, 1821 ; died 1857. 


EACHEL CEAIGHEAD, daughter of James and Isa- 
bella Gilson Craighead, born in South Middleton town- 
ship ; married Solomon Lightcap, and moved to Greens- 
burg, Pa. This is all I know of the family. 


DR. GE0EGE CEAIGHEAD, son of William and 
Frances Glenn Craighead, was born in Lunenburg County, 
Va., in 1199. Studied at Hampden Sidney College, Ya., 
while under the presidency of Dr. Moses Hoge ; then at- 
tended a full course of medical lectures in the University 
of Pennsylvania, graduating in 1821. He settled first at 
Pittsylvania Court House, where he remained only a few 
years, and then removed to Danville, Ya. Here he de- 
voted himself to his profession until disabled by disease, 
about two years previous to his death. 

" In person he was of medium height, quite robust ; 


broad, high forehead; high cheek-bones; very bright 
eves, that bespoke the true genius; ruddy complexion, 
and a countenance open as day. He was very witty and 
humorous, entirely independent, and quite eccentric. He 
was a gentleman in its truest sense, and an ornament to 
his profession, having no superior in this section ; he was 
thoroughly unselfish, and generous to prodigality, and, 
possessing the useful, refining, and elevating qualities, 
added to superior intellect and cultivation, and a most 
amiable and social disposition, he was a companion to 
be sought after, and a friend to be cherished and relied 
upon." "Dr. George's liberality involved him pecuniar- 
ily, but his brother William was a better financier, and 
more systematic, and retrieved his brother's property 
from embarrassment.''* 

Having no family of his own, his highest joy was to 
minister to the necessities of others, t and to encourage 
and aid young men who were striving to qualify^ them- 

* For this and the following sketch of Dr. William, I am in- 
debted to Dr. Thomas F. Hoge, son of Eev. Dr. Hoge, President 
of Hampden Sidney College, a friend and companion of the 
brothers Craighead. 

Since furnishing the above, the writer suddenly died from heart 
disease at his residence, in Halifax County, Va., April 21st, 1876, 
in the 77th year of his age. Of Dr. Hoge the Danville Daily 
News thus justly speaks : 

" He had been long and most favorably known to almost the 
entire Southside of Virginia, both as a man and as a physician. 
He possessed great talent and extraordinary learning and skill in 
his profession. His death will be felt as an irreparable loss by 
many of the present generation ; and by those whose memories go 
far back into the past, it will be sadly remembered that he is the 
last of those great and good physicians, such as the Craigheads 
and others, the fame of whose skill in medicine and kindness of 
heart, this section of Virginia should not soon let die.''. 

f Appendix. 


selves for positions of honor and usefulness. His death 
occurred June 20th, 1843. 



liain and Frances Glenn Craighead, was born in Lunen- 
burg County, Va., February 9th. 1808. After his gradu- 
ation at Hampden Sidne} T College, Va., he taught school, 
then studied medicine and graduated at the University 
of Pennsylvania, in 1835. Settled at Mount Carmel, in 
Halifax County, Ya., where he remained but a short 
time, and then removed to Danville to become a partner 
and to assist his brother in his extensive practice. Simi- 
larity of character made them most congenial compan- 
ions, and engendered the truest affection between the 
brothers. Dr. George's health failed in a few 3-ears, and 
the whole of the duties devolved upon the younger 
brother, and most faithfully did he fill the position. In 
later years he associated with himself his favorite nephew, 
John J. Burton,* whom he most carefully trained for the 
medical profession. They continued in practice together 
until his death, June 4th, 1857, in Chattanooga, Tenn., 
while on his waj' as a delegate to the Medical Convention 
at Xashville. His remains were brought back to Dan- 
ville and buried b}~ the side of his brother George in the 
old cemeteiy. 

"A description of George," sa} T s their friend, Dr. Hoge, 

* Son of Peter and Petronilla F. Burton, born December 28th, 
1825; married, November 21st, 1849, Agnes Barksdale Hoge, 
daughter of Dr. Thos. P. Hoge, who was born October 26tb, 1827. 
Their children are : Thos. Hoge, Peter Garland, Mary C. Whit- 
locke, and Sallie Norman. Dr. Burton was an eminent physician 
of Danville for twenty-four years. Died, January 24th, 1872. 


" might well answer for that of his brother William, as 
they were much alike in person and character. They 
were both bachelors, with no families to restrict their 
benefactions." Dr. William was " about ten years younger, 
and handsomer, having finer features, very bright black 
eyes, and straight black hair, with the same talents and 
genial qualities." 

" The place of these brothers has never, nor do I be- 
lieve will ever be filled in that community. The widow 
and the orphan, the aged and the poor blessed them ; 
and of all their beneficence, none is more worthy of men- 
tion than their aid to poor 3'oung men starting in life, 
and to the unfortunate in business.* How many of these 
owe their success in life to the Drs. Craighead will never 
be known on earth. They were the greatest philanthro- 
pists ever known in our midst, and, as a token of appreci- 
ation, the citizens of Danville erected a handsome marble 
monument to their memoiy, bearing the inscription : 'In 
commemoration of Two Brothers, George Craghead, 
M.D., and William G. Craghead, M.D. In professional 
skill they had few equals, in active benevolence no su- 
periors.' " 


MAEY CRAIGHEAD, daughter of Dr. Thomas Brat- 
tain and Rachel Allison Craighead, was born January 
5th, 1793, and married, 1814, David Watson. They 
lived on her father's farm, in order to care for the wife's 
parents. She died January 29th, 1827. They had six 
children. The only son died in his sixth year ; 218 Martha, 
the eldest daughter, lives near her old home, unmarried ; 
219 Rachel, married Mr. Ross, and died in 1842 ; 220 Nancy, 
married Mr. Henderson, who lives near Canonsburgh, 

* Appendix. 


Pa.; she died in 1844; 221 Amelia, was a "highly edu- 
cated and a lovely Christian lady," and died young; 
222 Belle, the youngest, married Mr. McConnel, by whom 
she had one daughter, and after his death married Mr. 
Chambers, a merchant of Canonsburgh, Pa., where she 
still lives, " a noble example that there are good, true, 
Christian step-mothers.' 1 


ANNA CEAIGHEAD, daughter of Dr. Thos. Brattain 
and Rachel Allison Craighead, born October 27th, 1194, 
married, April 1st, 1812, William Wilson, of Alleghany 
Count3 T , Pa., at the time a farmer, but afterwards studied 
and practiced law in Pittsburg. Had ten children : 
223 Margaret ; 2U Thomas C. ; 225 John W., and an infant 
daughter; all died in infancy. The eldest daughter, 
227 Rachel C, married Joel Xewton, May 2d, 1837, and 
went to live at Springfield, 111. After his death she mar- 
ried Josiah Williams, of Akron, Ohio, and died May 
20th, 1874. 22S Samuel C, born May 5th, 1816, was a 
physician in Portsmouth, Ohio, died November 15th, 
1840. 229 Mary W., born October 15th, 1819, married 
October 22d, 1840, Rev. John Robinson.* ""Henrietta, 
born April 12th, 1824, died in 1843. 231 Nancy C, born 
February 18th, 1826, married Judge T. C. Bushnell, of 
Ashland, Ohio, January, 1848, and has four daughters 
and one son. 232 William C, the youngest child, died 
in Ashland, Ohio, May 10th, 1849. Their mother died 
in 1844. 

* Pastor at Ashland, Ohio, since 1844. The thirtieth anniver- 
sary of his pastorate was celebrated January, 1875, by a historical 
discourse, and by services appropriate to the occasion, accompanied 
by gifts from his people expressive of their affection for him and 
his family. 



GEOKGE CEAIGHEAD, son of William and Jane 
Boggs Craighead, bom December 21th, 1801, married 
April 1st, 1824, Elizabeth S. Neill, of Washington County, 
Pa., niece of Rev. Dr. William Neill, of Philadelphia. In 
person Mr. Craighead was tall and vigorous, with a florid 
complexion and black hair. "He was a man of sterling 
worth and unwavering integrity, and was highly esteemed 
in the community in which he lived. He made a profes- 
sion of religion in Chartier's Church, under the care of 
Dr. McMillan, and in 1829 was elected an elder in the 
church of Centre, which office he held until his death. 
He was a diligent student of the Bible, and eminently a 
man of prayer. He, too, was a public-spirited citizen, 
and gave his cordial support to the cause of education, 
and to the various enterprises of Christian benevolence. 
He had a high appreciation of a liberal education, and 
incurred great expense to confer its benefits upon his 

" It was in the family, however, that his character 
appeared to the best advantage. There he was free from 
that reserve which usually marked his more public inter- 
course. He was eminently successful in training up his 
family, as his government was strict, yet tempered with 
gentleness and love. During his last brief illness, he 
expressed the most perfect resignation to the will of God, 
and peacefully yielded up his life November 9th, 1854."* 
His wife was born December 12th, 1800, and died June 
20th, 1873. Of her, her pastor writes : " Left a widow 
for man}' years, she performed the duties of that respon- 
sible situation with faithfulness and pleasing success." 

* Extract from a notice by Kev. Dr. A. B. Brown, President of 
Jefferson College. 


238. Jane, born June 20th, 1826; died unmarried March 

19th, 1846. 

234. William Rees, born July 21st, 1828; mar. Eliza Johnston. 

235. Margaret, " November 24th," 1830; married Eev. 

Franklin Orr. 

236. Eliza, born November 27th, 1832; graduated in 

1859 at Washington Female Seminary. 

237. S. Judson, born Dec. 5th, 1834; mar. Sarah E. Elder. 

238. Nancy, 

239. Sarah Neil, 

240. James Thomas, 

241. Emeline M., 

242. George, 

October 7th, 1836 ; mar. James Boone. 
February 25th, 1839. 
June 3d, 1843 ; m. Martha J. Fleming. 
Apr. 20th, 1845 ; died June 28th, 1874. 
Jan. 8th, 1849; died Sept. 20th, 1852. 

JOSEPH EEWIN CRAIGHEAD, the oldest son of 

John B. and Jane Dicker son Craighead, was born in 1813, 
and married July 31st, 1833, Phereby K White, of Nash- 
ville, Tenn. He was a physician, lived in East Tennes- 
see, and died November 18th, 1847. 


243. Robert W., born June 1st, 1836; died July 12th, 1852. 

244. John B., " " 31st, 1838; died Oct. 14th, 1860. 

245. Charles D., " " 8th, 1840 ; mar. Fannie E. Bailey. 

246. William J., " August 8th, 1842; married Mrs. Lizzie 

E. Goodman. 

247. Thomas B., born October 6th, 1844; died May 21st, 1851. 

248. Jennie E., " Apr. 4, 1847; mar. Capt. W. A. Buntin. 


THOMAS B. CRAIGHEAD, the second son of John 
B. and Jane Dickerson Craighead, was born in 1821, and 


married in 184*7 Miss Tennessee Virginia Johnson, by 
whom he had one daughter, Virginia. He was in the 
Florida war, and was subsequently a Methodist preacher 
and planter. Died April 19th, 1875. 

249. Virginia, born in 1850. 


JAMES B. CEAIGHEAD, the oldest son of David 
and Mary H. Goodloe Craighead, was born 1825 and 
married, 1849, Ellen Kirkman Erwin. He was a gradu- 
ate of Nashville University and of the Law School of 
Harvard (Cambridge). Resides in Nashville, and is en- 
gaged in planting and merchandising. His wife died 



250. Mary Preston, born 1850; married, 1874, William Harper 

Harris, of Nashville. 

251. Erwin, born 1852; studying law in London, England. 


MAEY JANE CEAIGHEAD, second daughter of 
David and Mary H. Goodloe Craighead, was born 1827, 
and married, 1845, Thomas W. Preston, of Abingdon, 
Va. He was a lawyer, and was killed at the battle of 
Shiloh while serving on the staff of the Confederate gen- 
eral, A. P. Stewart. His wife died 1849. 


252. John, died in infancy. 

253. David Craighead, born 1849 ; lives in Nashville. 



JOANNA MACON OEAIGHEAD, third daughter of 

David and Mary H. Goodloe Craighead, was born 1830, 
and married, in 1854, James Ellis, of Xashville, Tenn., 
who died in 1863. 


254. Mary, born 1855; died young. 

255. Annie, " 1857; " » 

256. Alicia, " 1859; " « 

THOMAS DAVID OEAIGHEAD, the second son of 

David and Mary H. Goodloe Craighead, was born De- 
cember 26th, 1831, and married, December 15th, 1859, 
Rachel Adelia Carter, daughter of Daniel F. Carter, Esq., 
an elder in the First Presbyterian Church of Xashville. 
Was a cotton planter, but now resides in Xashville, en- 
gaged in commercial pursuits. Xo children. 

THOMAS G. OEAIGHEAD, the third son of Wil- 

liam and Jane Gillespie Craighead, was born August 
19th, 1805, and married, August 19th, 1828, Rutelia 
Armstrong, born August 1st, 1806, daughter of Robert 
Armstrong, Esq., of Knox County, East Tenn. After 
her death, February 28th, 1862, Thomas married, August 
19th, 1867, Dorinda Buckingham, of Cincinnati, Ohio. 
He lives at Jasper, Tenn. 



Children by the First Marriage. 

257. Margaret, born July 2d, 1829 ; died unmarried 

Aug. 10th, 1847. 

258. Elizabeth Jane, " July 12th, 1830 ; married Thos. 

K. Rawlings. 


Mary Ann, 
0. Hoge. 

« April 2d, 1832 ; 




Maria Clark, 

« Aug. 12th, 1834; 


A. K. 


"William Alexander, 
Cox Doss. 

" Feb. 22d, 1837; 




Adelia Armstrong 

" April 22d, 1846; 


E. F. 


William and Jane Gillespie Craighead, born May 20th, 
1809; married, September 13th, 1827, Samuel S.Thatcher, 
of Knoxville, Tenn. 


263. William Craighead, born April 13th, 1829 ; married Nancy 

Young Patterson. 

264. Ellen Jane, " June 18th, 1831 ; " David 

R. Dunwoody. 

265. Emily Hunt, 

266. Margaret Hannah, 

267. Malinda Elizabeth, 

Richard Shelton. 

268. Sarah Ann Eliza, 

269. Catharine Kinney, 

liam Patterson ; died 1871. 

270. Samuel Selden, born Feb. 3d, 1848 


Aug. 22d, 1833; died, 1855, unm. 

Feb. 11th, 1836. 

May 24th, 1838; married Dr. 

Dec. 15th, 1840. 
Dec. 7th, 1845; 





SAMUEL G. CEAIGHEAD, son of William and Jane 
Gillespie Craighead, born May 13th, 1814; married, Feb- 
ruary 22d, 1838, Nancy McGill, who was born April 28th, 
1814. They reside at Sulphur Springs, Rhea Count} 7 , 


271. William H., born Nov. 6th, 1840 ; died Dec. 8th, 1840. 

272. Margaret M. E., " Oct. 22d, 1842; married, April 6th, 

1865, William I. Julian ; died April 3d, 1867, leaving a 
son, B. E. Julian, born April 8th, 1866. 

273. Beriah G., born Aug. 4th, 1846. 

274. Newton C, » April oth, 1849 ; died Nov. 10th, 1868. 


ELIZA H. CEAIGHEAD, daughter of John and 
Temperance Nelson Craighead, was born April 6th, 1806, 
and married James White, a son of Hon. Hugh Lawson 
White, a senator from Tennessee for many years. After 
his death she married, at Knoxville, October 31st, 1834, 
Col. W. B. A. Ramse} 7 , Secretary of State of Tennessee, 
who was born February 4th, 1799, and died April 27th, 
1874. She died at Knoxville, September 23d, 1839. 

Children by First Marriage. 

275. John James, born Aug. 30th, 1827 ; died Aug. 30th, 1838. 

276. Eliza Lawson, '< Feb. 27th, 1829 ; " Sept. 24th, 1838. 

Children by Second Marriage. 

277. Maggie Henrietta, born Oct. 14th, 1835; married Dr. Fer- 

gus Sloan Hall, of Nashville, March 10th, 1859. Chil- 
dren, Lillie Adaline, Fannie May, William Kamsey, 
Minnie Crawford, Fergus Sloan, Maggie Kamsey. 


278. Lillie Ann, born March 11th, 1837; married Mr. William 
H. Simmons, March 11th, 1858. Children, William 
Cyrus, Harry Haslett, Ada Hart, Lillie Lee, Kobert 
Hall, Hugh McNeilly. 


of John and Temperance Nelson Craighead, born De- 
cember 3d, 1812, married January 5th, 1843, Sarah Agnes 
Sutherland, daughter of John and Diana Sutherland. 
Mr. Craighead was a native, and, during his whole life, 
a resident of Knoxville, Tenn. In a notice of him, in a 
Knoxville paper, Mr. Craighead is characterized as a 
" bold, earnest, and independent man, who shrank not 
from any duty. Just in his dealings, and faithful to per- 
form his obligations, he was most emphatically that 
1 noblest work of God, an honest man.' His disposition 
was most obliging and considerate ; and he was a kind 
and devoted husband and father. His early training, by 
most excellent and pious parents, led him years ago to 
profess Christ, and at the time of his death, September 
5th, 1854, he was a most worthy member and a deacon in 
the First Presbj'terian Church of this place. One of the 
very best men in our community has left us." His wife, 
born February 5th, 1823, died January 29th, 1870, at 
Sutherland Springs, Texas, whither she removed in 1857. 


279. Eliza Temperance, born December 11th, 1843; married 

John William Lilly. 

280. Ann Sutherland, born May 16th, 1845; died Dec. 6th, '46. 

281. John Sutherland, " March 8th, 1847; married Mary 

Isabella McAlister. 


282. Diana Kennedy, born February 17th, 1849 ; died March 

10th, 1854. 

283. Jane Kennedy, " May 7th, 1851 ; married James 

William Anderson. 

284. Patterson Nelson, born September 8th, 1853 ; unmarried. 


EOBERT OEAIGHEAD, youngest son of John and 
Temperance Nelson Craighead, born September 23d, 
1814, married Sophia Elizabeth White, a granddaughter 
of Hon. Hugh Lawson White, September 28th, 1841. She 
died June 19th, 1850. Resides in Knoxville, Tenn. 


285. James P., born January 6th, 1843; unmarried and 

lives in Knoxville, Tenn. 

286. Eliza Lawson, born May 12th, 1846; died Jan. 2d, 1848. 

287. Hugh Lawson, " October 6th, 1848; unmarried and 

lives in Nashville, Tenn. 

288. John Patterson, born Apr. 11th, 1850; died Apr. 14th, '53. 


THOMAS OEAIGHEAD, the oldest son of John and 
Jane Lamb Craighead, born in South Middleton Town- 
ship, Pa., December 9th, 1789, married Martha Sterrett, 
of Sterrett's Gap, July 11th, 1817. A man of more than 
ordinary culture and information ; held several civil offices 
in Cumberland County, and was an intimate friend of 
Governor Joseph Ritner. Lived in Carlisle, Pa., then 
near Harrisbnrg, and afterwards removed to Canton, 
Ohio, where he died April 24th, 1865. His wife, born 
April 4th, 1791, died October 10th, 1865. 



289. Jane Lamb, born ; married George Raynolds. 

290. John Sterrett, " Oct. 15th, 1820; died Aug. 12th, 1841, 

291. Kebecca M. ; " ; unmarried. 

292. SallieS., " j « 

293. "William Henry, « Oct. 8th, 1828; died July 30th, 1849. 


WILLIAM CRAIGHEAD, the third son of John and 
Jane Lamb Craighead, born in South Middleton, Pa., 
February 12th, 1195, married Phebe McCollom, Decem- 
ber 14th, 1819. Moved in 1814 to Highland County, 
Ohio, to a farm on Paint Creek. Here he farmed and 
carried on a mill for fort} T -two years, and here his children 
were all born. Removed to Madison Countv, Inch, in 
1856, where he died March 2d, 1859. His wife, daughter 
of Angus McCollom, a Scotchman, was born December 
10th, 1798, and is still living, and is active, intelligent, 
and energetic, for a person of her years. 


294. John, born Jan. 30th, 1821 ; m. Harriet Thrasher. 

295. George, " August 19th, 1822; married Sarah 

Ann Overman. 

296. William Lamb, born Oct. 20th, 1824; died Aug. 12th, '26. 

297. Peter Ritner, " Mar. 16th, 1827; died May 16th, '27. 

298. Samuel L., " July 28th, '28; m. Emma M. Haines. 

299. Benjamin F., " November 6th, 1830; mar. Johanna 


300. Margaret Jane, born Feb. 20th, 1834 ; m. Evan H. Baird. 

301. Rachel Ann, " Sept. 27th, 1837 ; m. Daniel Clymer. 

302. Mary Kimball, " March 3d, 1840; died Nov. 3d, 1840. 




JANE CRAIGHEAD, daughter of John and Jane 
Lamb Craighead, born in South Middleton, Pa., April 
13th, IT 97, married Dr. R. P. Simmons, of Canton, Ohio. 
They afterwards removed to Cincinnati, and then to St. 
Louis, Mo., where she died, November 23d, 1838. Xo 


JOHN CRAIGHEAD, son of John and Jane Lamb 
Craighead, born August 24th, 1799; married Maria 
Louisa Gordon, of Baltimore, Md., July 16th, 1831, at 
Pittsburg, Pa. She was born November 17th, 1809, and 
still survives. He removed from Carlisle to Martins- 
burg, Va., then to Cbilicothe, Ohio, then to Portsmouth, 
and finally, in 1850, to Fairview, Iowa, where he died 
April 28th, 1872. Was a merchant. 


303. William Gordon, born Sept. 23d, 1834; married Judith 

Josie Benson. 

304. John Alexander, " Nov. 21st, 1836; d. Oct. 26th, 1837. 

305. John A., " Sept. 23d, 1839; married Eliza- 

beth M. Adair. 

306. Franklin Gordon, " March 14th, 1842; m. J. F. Elder. 

307. Jane Mary, " April 5th, 1845; m. T. M. Wilds. 

308. Lavinia, " April 24th, 1848. 



MAKY LAMB CEAIGHEAD, daughter of John and 
Jane Lamb Craighead, born in South Middleton, Pa., 
August 12th, 1807 ; married Yolnev R. Kimball, of Can- 
ton, Ohio, February 2d, 1830. Mr. Kimball was a mer- 
chant, and " came to Canton in his youth, and has ever 
since filled a large space in its business operations. His 
active business duties not only made him acquainted with 
all, but secured the good will of all. His death leaves a 
void in a large family circle, in society, and in the busi- 
ness of the city."* Born November 8th, 1805 ; died June 
8th, 1861. 

Mrs. Kimball was educated at Litiz, a celebrated Mo- 
ravian school, near Lancaster, Pa. Was an intelligent, 
exemplary Christian, well instructed in the doctrines of 
the Presbyterian Church, with which she united in 1828. 
Though in feeble health for many years, she rarely was 
absent from the sanctuary. Her Bible was her loved 
companion, from which she constantly derived both in- 
struction and comfort. Died in Canton, Jane 14th, 1858. 


309. Kichard Craighead, born April 2d, 1831 ; married Harriet 

Mercer Bowland, of Mansfield, Ohio, Nov. 5th, 1856. 

310. Josephine Jane. born Oct. 27th, 1832. 

311. Thomas Saxton, " May 12th, 1834; married Mary 

E. Glessner, of Zanesville, Ohio, May 12th, 1863, who 
died at New York City, April 1st, 1875. 

312. William Christmas, born March 14th, 1837; married, July 

5th, 1865, Emma Kuhn, of Tiffin, Ohio. 

313. Ellen Mary, born Jan. 14th, 1839 ; d. July 16th,'42. 

314. Julia Antoinette, born Oct. 14th, 1840; married Griffith 

Dishart, of Canton, Ohio, Aug. 25th, 1865. 

* Canton paper. 


315. Ellen Griswold, born Aug. 27th, '42; d. May 13th, '71. 

316. George Harley, " Oct. 28th, 1845. 

317. Charles Howard, " May 9th, 1848. 

318. Arthur Volney, " March 14th, 1850. 

DR. JOHN BOYD CRAIGHEAD, second sou of 

Thomas and Rebecca Weakley Craighead, born April 
22d, 1800; married, Nov. 5th, 1829, Mary Wallace Purdy, 
of Mansfield, Ohio, who was born September 14th, 1811. 
He received his classical education at Dickinson College, 
and graduated iu medicine at the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, 1826. Afterwards spent the winters of 1829 and 
1830 attending medical lectures in Philadelphia. He 
was an excellent classical scholar, and, during life, took 
delight in reading his favorite authors. His son's prep- 
arations for college were made under his direction and 
instruction. Removed from Pennsylvania to Mansfield, 
Ohio, 1827, and then to Dayton in 1830, where he resided 
until his death, September 8th, 1868. His first wife died 
December 29th, 1839, and he married Rebecca Dodds 
May 6th, 1841. She still lives in Dayton. 

Children by First Wife. 

319. Thomas Purdy, born Sept 5th, 1830 ; died May 29th, 1832. 

320. John Purdy, " March 23d, 1833 ; married Mrs. Olivia 

F. Read. 

321. William, " Sept. 1st, 1835 ; mar. M. S. Wright. 

322. Rebecca Jane, " Nov. 27th, 1838; died July 22d, 1839. 

Children by Second Wife. 

323. Richard M., born Jan. 11th, 1843; died Oct. 4th, 1844. 

324. Joseph Boyd, " Jan. 29th, 1845; mar. Hannah A. Gaar. 


325. Mary Ellen, born April 30th, 1848; mar. James Soper, Oct. 

7th, 1875. 

326. George Gurley, born Aug. 5th, 1853 ; unmarried. 


MAEGAEET CEAIGHEAD, daughter of Thomas 
and Rebecca Weakley Craighead, born September 20th, 
1809, married Thomas S. Woodburn, December 23d, 
1830. He was born April 20th, 1807 ; died October 1 1th, 
1839. After his death, married Major Joseph Trego, 
January 11th, 1844, who died February 19th, 1873. She 
lives in Carlisle, Pa. 

Children by the First Marriage. 

327. John H., born July 22d, 1832; married Agnes L. Weak- 

ley, March 20th, 1860. 

328. Thomas C.,bom Aug. 16th, 1835; married Amelia Cham- 

berlain, April 23d, 1866. 

329. James S., born April 9th, 1837; married Amelia Trego, 

December, 1869. 

330. Kebecca J., born Jan. 7th, 1839; married Archibald R. 

Thompson, Jan. 12th, 1859. 

Children by the Second Marriage. 

331. Margaret D., born Nov. 10th, 1814; married John "Weary, 

April 24th, 1866. 

332. Mary E., born Nov. 10th, 1844; married George P. Cor- 

nog, June 30th, 1868 ; died November 17th, 1868.- 

333. Rachel R., born Dec. 23d, 1846 ; married Dr. C. C. Lange, 

of Pittsburg, Pa., Oct. 8th, 1868. 

334. William C, born Jan. 7th, 1848; died May 7th, 1848. 


EICHAED CEAIGHEAD, youngest son of Thomas 
and Rebecca Weakley Craighead, born July 17th, 1811; 


married December 18th, 1845, Augusta L. ShefTer, born 
April 29th, 1820, daughter of Hon. Daniel Sheffer, of 
Adams Count} T , Pa. Was a farmer ; lived on Baltimore 
turnpike, four miles south of Carlisle ; died April 7th, 



335. William Newlin, born September 30th, 1846 ; married 

Emma McGinley, February 15th, 1872. 

336. John Wierman, born February 22d, 1849. 

337. Daniel Sheffer, " October 11th, 1850 ; mar. Jemima 

Patterson Stuart, December 16th, 1875. 

338. Kebecca Weakley, born July 4th, 1853. 


Naomi Jane, 

" May 18th, 1855. 


Mary Anna, 

<< March 29th, 1857. 


Eachel Arnold, 

" August 11th, 1859. 



« Nov. 28th, 1861 ; d. May 20th, 

! 63, 


Harriet Augusta, 

" July 28th, 1863. 


and Margaret Gilson Craighead, born near New Lisbon, 
Ohio, November 4th, 1811, and married Mrs. Rebecca 
George, widow of Harrison C. George, Esq., March 1st, 
1842. Mrs. George's maiden name was Piper. Born in 
Columbiana County, Ohio, June 11th, 1821. Mr. George 
lived but two j'ears after their marriage, leaving a son, 
Heniy Clay George, who died in his tenth year. 

Mr. Craighead resided on the family homestead until 
1854, when he removed to Iowa, and purchased a large 
farm near Gower's Feny, Cedar County, where he lived 
until his death, September 3d, 1856; buried in Cedar 
Bluffs Cemetery. 

After her husband's death, Mrs. Craighead determined 
to carry on the farm with hired labor, in order to keep 


her family of little children together and have the means 
to educate them. Being a woman of great enterprise 
and natural adaptedness for business, she was able not 
only to do this, but to add to the value of the property. 
She still resides on the farm, enjo} T s good health, and is 
comforted and cared for by her loving and faithful 
daughter Margaret. 


344. Margaret Angeline, born December 2d, 1842. 

345. James Samuel, " Oct. 27tb, 1844 ; died June, '66. 

346. Mary Elenor, " March 10th, 1847 ; married Isaac 

G. Hawley. 

347. Charles William, " January 20th, 1849. 

348. Albert Neri, " December 2d, 1850 ; mar. Sarah 

L. Waterson. 

349. Emma Jane, " December 11th, 1852; married 

Marshall Wallick. 

350. Esther Ann, « April 12th, 1855 ; d. Feb. 3d, '60. 

351. William Isaiah, " " 5th, '57; d. May 15th, '57. 


RACHEL CRAIGHEAD, daughter of James and 
Margaret Gilson Craighead, born in 1823 in New Lisbon, 
Ohio, and married William Gilson in 1839. They had 
eleven children, all of whom died young, except Margaret 
Ann. Resided at Shreves, Ohio. Rachel died suddenly, 
November 3d, 1875. Her husband survives and lives at 

352. Margaret Ann, born 1840; mar. Frank Martin in 1865. 



MAJOR THOMAS CRAIGHEAD, son of George and 
Mary Gillespie Craighead, born in South Middleton 
Township, Pa., June 18th, 1806; married Ann Jane 
Smith, July 29th, 1840, daughter of Capt. John Smith, 
of Philadelphia. He was a graduate of Dickinson Col- 
lege, studied law, and practiced for a short time. Com- 
missioned Major by Governor Ritner. Served nine 
months in the late war, in the 2d Regiment District of 
Columbia Volunteers. Died September 28th, 18T0; 
buried in Philadelphia. His wife, born April 22d, 1816, 
died July 20th, 18T4, and was buried in Woodlawn Ceme- 


353. George Smith, born June 18th, 1841 ; mar. M. K. Durkin. 

354. Alfred, » Jan. 3d, 1845; married L. Yocum. 

355. Horace Milton, » Aug. 12th, 1848 ; " Mary E. 


356. James Givin, » May 3d, 1852; died Aug. 31st, 1853. 

357. John, " Sept. 23d, 1853. 

358. Thomas, » Dec. 22d, 1856. 


MARGARET CRAIGHEAD, daughter of George and 
Mary Gillespie Craighead, born in South Middleton, Pa.; 
married John McCandlish, of Newville, May 12th, 1831. 
He was born December 20th, 1800 ; died June 2d, 1853. 
No children. 


MARY ANN CRAIGHEAD, daughter of George and 
Mary Gillespie Craighead, born June 18th, 1813, in South 


Midclleton, Pa.; married William F. Givin, of Columbia, 
Pa., September 11th, 1839. He was born January 7th, 
1813; died March 13th, 1862. Wife died at Columbia 
August 5th, 1843. 

359. Mary Frances, born June 11th, 1841 ; died Aug. 13th, 1843. 


MARTHA JANE CRAIGHEAD, daughter of George 
and Mary Gillespie Craighead, born in South Middleton, 
Pa., May — th, 1814; married C. E. Blumenthal, M.D., 
February, 1853. Martha died in Xew York City, where 
she had lived, February 14th, 1870. No children. 



of George and Mary Gillespie Craighead, born in South 
Middleton, Pa. ; married, first, Maria E. Carmony, of 
Carlisle, Pa., February 22d, 1844, who was born Febru- 
ary 5th, 1820, died April 21st, 1852; married, second, 
Catharine H. Carmony, May 10th, 1853, who was born 
February 11th, 1822, died August 23d, 1865; married, 
then, Catharine G. Laughlin, of Xewville, Pa., April 
18th, 1867. Is a farmer, and owns and resides on his 
father's property. 

Children by First Wife. 

360. Mary Catharine. 

361. Martha Elizabeth, born Jan. 5th, 1850; died July 14th, 1852. 


Children by Second Wife. 

363. Ida Virginia, 

Children by Third Wife. 

364. Jane Isabella. 

365. George Laughlin, born June 17th, 1869 ; died Sept. 15th,' 


EEV. EICHAED CEAIGHEAD, oldest son of Wil- 
liam and Hetty Weakley Craighead, born in South Mid- 
dleton, Pa., October 31st, 1815; married, January 14th, 
1841, Lydia L. Reynolds, daughter of John Reynolds, 
Esq., of Meadville, Pa. She was born December 8th, 
.1818. He pursued the study of classics at New Haven, 
Ct., graduated at Washington College, Pa., 1836, and at 
Western Theological Seminary, Alleghany, Pa., 1839. 
Was licensed in June, 1839, and ordained and installed 
at Springfield, Pa., September 9th, 1840; from whence 
he was called, November, 1843, to take charge of the 
Second Presbyterian Church of Meadville, Pa. He con- 
tinued the honored and successful pastor of this church 
for thirty-one years, until November, 1874, only relin- 
quishing the charge on account of continued ill health. 
Resides in Meadville, engaged, as health will permit, in 
the work of the ministry, aiding his brethren, and supply- 
ing vacant pulpits. No children. 


JOHN WEAKLEY CEAIGHEAD, the second son of 

William and Hetty Weakley Craighead, born February 
7th, 1817; married Mary Ann Moore, born March 3d, 
1820, daughter of William Moore, of South Middleton, 


February 29th, 1844. Is a farmer; lives upon and owns 
the Mansion farm. 


366. William Weakley, born April 27th, 1845 ; died Sept. 3d, '67. 

367. Richard Reynolds, " April 6th, 1847; married Mary 

Alice Leidich. 

368. Charles Cooper, << Aug. 23d, 1849. 

369. James Geddes, " Oct. 25th, 1852; died Dec. 26th, '63. 

370. Thomas Moore, " Sept. 5th, 1855. 

371. John Alfred, " Nov. 3d, 1859. 


of William and Hetty Weakley Craighead, born March 5th, 
1823 ; married, June 19th, 1850, Harriet M. Yan Auken, 
born June tth, 182*1, daughter of Jesse and Susan Yan 
Auken, of New York Cit}\ Studied two 3 T ears at Dickin- 
son College; graduated at Delaware College, 1844, and at 
Union Theological Seminary, New York, 1847 ; licensed 
by Fourth Presbytery of New York April 7th, 1847 ; 
ordained hy the same October 11th, 1847. Was two 
years stated supply in the city of Watertown r Wis. ; pas- 
tor four years in Northumberland, Pa.; editor of the 
New York Evangelist fourteen years; at present Corre- 
sponding Secretary of the Presbyterian Historical So- 
ciety, and resides in Philadelphia. 


373. Alice Weakley, born Sept. 1st, 1851. 

374. Jesse Van Auken, " July 10th, 1853. 

375. James Barret, " May 14th, 1856. 

376. William, " June 9th, 1858 ; died July 6th, 1858. 

377. Henry Field, " Jan. 21st, 1861 ; died April 28th, '64. 



of William and Hetty Weakley Craighead, born October 
15th, 1825, married Col. A. Galbraith Ege, of Tane} 7 town, 
Md., December 8th, 1852. Lives in Highland, Kansas. 
Husband born January 6th, 1812. 


378. Hetty Craighead, born October 24th, 1853. 

379. Laura Galbraith, » Sept. 4th, 1855 ; d. Dec. 28th, 1857. 

380. Richard C, " June 29th, 1859. 

381. Annie C, » November 12th, 1861. 

382. Charles N., " February 16th, 1864. 

WILLIAM LUSK CKAIGHEAD, the sixth son of 

William and Hetty Weakley Craighead, born March 4th, 
1828, married Mary Ann Brandon, born October 14th, 
1831, daughter of George Smith and Nancy Craighead 
Brandon, August 30th, 1853. Was a farmer and an 
active business man, a friend of the poor, a man of the 
strictest integrity, trusted hy all, loved in life, and greatly 
lamented when he died, December 2d, 1874. Died on 
his farm, adjoining the paternal estate. 

" From early life the deceased was a communicant, and 
for four years an elder in the First Presbyterian Church 
of Carlisle. His was a life of decided and progressive 
piety. In every relation of life he drew to himself the 
warmest love of all who knew him. In the hour of his 
country's peril he was the ardent supporter of the nation's 
unity and honor, and every enterprise of public utility 
found in him an earnest advocate. In all his business 
transactions he was just and reasonable, and in his chari- 
ties liberal and unostentatious. His pastor always found 


him ready to co-operate in every good work, and now 
loses in him a warm, personal friend."* 

383. Frank William, born February 5th, 1855. 

384. Edwin, " January 25th, 1859. 

385. Ella Matilda, " » 22d, 1863. 

386. Harry Kicbard, \" May 1st, 1866. 

387. George Smith, /" May 1st. 1866; d. April 23d, 1869. 

388. Laura Gertrude, " November 8th, 1871. 

THOMAS BROWN CEAIGHEAD, youngest son of 

William and Hetty Weakley Craighead, born September 
10th, 1831, married Sarah Jane Moore, April 9th, 1856. 
Was a farmer and merchant ; lived at Mount Holly 
Springs, Pa., and died April 16th, 1858. His wife, born 
August 24th, 1831; died February 20th, 1876. No chil- 


JOHN CEAIGHEAD, son of James Gilson and Mar- 
garet Patterson Craighead, born May 5th, 1802, in Penn- 
sylvania, married, February 10th, 1831, Alesanna John- 
ston, of Cumberland County, Pa., who died November 
2d, 1856. He died March 10th, 1864. 


393. William Johnston, born March 7th, 1833; married Mary 

A. McClure. 

394. James Gilson, born March 29th, 1835; mar. Susan White. 

395. David, " Dec. 19th, 1836; mar. Eliza Hall. 

396. Ann Mary, " Aug. 5th, 1839; m. Lorenzo Marley. 

397. Catharine J., « Oct. 8th, 1844; died July 9th, 1845. 

398. Stevenson, " Aug. 19th, 1852 ; " Aug. 8th, 1858. 

* Kev. C. P. Wing, D.D. 



GILSON CRAIGHEAD, son of James Gilson and 
Ann Shields Craighead, born in South Middletoii, Pa., 
April 1st, 1808; married, September, 1833, in Henry 
Count}', Tennessee, Sarah Rodeiy. She was born in 
North Carolina, Ma}' 8th, 1804, and still resides on the 
homestead farm, near Holly Springs, Miss. He died Oc- 
tober 21st, 1869. 


399. Mary Ann, born Sept. 10th, 1834; mar. James W. Porter, 

Jan., 1852, leaving a daughter, Lucy Ann, who married 
Allen J. Gaines, Dec. 9th, 1869. 

400. Gilson, born July 30th, 1836 ; died September, 1864, from 

wounds in battle, in Virginia. 

401. David, born Aug. 16th, 1838; lost a limb in battle. 

402. BenjaminS., " February 28th, 1840; died, June 21st, 

1862, in the Confederate war hospital at Richmond, Ya. 


NANCY CRAIGHEAD, oldest daughter of James 

Gilson and Ann Shields Craighead, born March 8th, 

1810, married George Smith Brandon, of Adams County, 

Pa., January 6th, 1830. Died September 21st, 1847. Mr. 

Brandon was a farmer. Born August 9th, 1803 ; died 

August 22d, 1847. 


403. Mary Ann, born Oct. 14th, 1831 ; mar. Wm. L. Craighead. 

404. Martha Jane, born Sept. 27th, 1833; died July 16th, 1839. 

405. William Templeton, born September 17th, 1835; married 

February 18th, 1858, Eliza McCord. 

406. Gilson Craighead, born June 6th, 1837; mar., July 20th, 

1857, Henrietta Gould. 

407. George Kobert, born February 15th, 1839 ; married, No- 

vember 10th, 1868, Elvira Bigler. 

408. Calvin Knox, born September 6th, 1841 ; married, October 

24th, 1867, Louisa Mc. Kussel. 


409. Sarah Ellen, born March 13th, 1843 ; married, December 

31st, 1862, Key. John Wherry. 

410. Anderson Coe Gurley, born December 31st, 1844; mar- 

ried, November 10th, 1869, Jennie M. Bray. 

411. James Ray, born Sept. 13th, 1846; died Oct. 11th, 1847. 


ROBERT CRAIGHEAD, second son of James Gilson 
and Ann Shields Craighead, born April 26th, 1812 ; mar- 
ried, May, 1845, Helen M. Smith, who was born in Maine, 
February 14th, 1818. Was a printer, and the publisher 
of the English reviews. Is engaged, at present, in mer- 
chandising in New York City, and resides at Mamaro- 
neck, Westchester County, X. Y. 


412. Horace, born Jan. 30th, 1846; married Frances Kose. 

413. Helen A., " June 25th, 1849; died March 13th, 1876, 

at Aiken, S. C. 


MARGARET CRAIGHEAD, daughter of James Gil- 
son and Ann Shields Craighead, born July 4th, 1814; 
married Edward Connelly in 1835 ; died in 1847. 


414. Frances, 

415. Mary Ann, ; mar. Col. J. Z. Cook. 

416. Margaret, 


DAVID CRAIGHEAD, son of James Gilson and Ann 
Shields Craighead, born April 20th, 1816 ; married Mary 
J. Sloan, of Harrisburg, Pa., April 25th, 1842. Was 
extensively engaged in business as a druggist at Indian- 
apolis, Ind., where he died, August 20th, 1854. 



417. Sarah A., born Feb. 14th, 1843; mar. Francis A. Boyd, 

Nov. 1st, 1866. No children. 

418. Eobert D., born Oct. 12th, 1846; mar. Louise A. Ray. 


SAMUEL CRAIGHEAD, son of James Gilson and 
Ann Shields Craighead, born June 6th, 1818; married 
Mrs. Jeannette A. Schenck Februaiy 1st, 1853. A prom- 
inent lawyer, of Dayton, Ohio, where he resides. 

419. Eobert Gilson. born Oct. 29th, 1853. 

420. Emanuel Johnson, » " " " 

421. Charles, " Au<?. 12th, 1857. 


MAEY ANN CRAIGHEAD, youngest daughter of 
James Gilson and Ann Shields Craighead, born June 
20th, 1821 ; married, in 1841, Dr. Marquis Wood. Had 
a number of children. She died in 1857. 



WILLIAM EEES CRAIGHEAD, son of George and 
Elizabeth S. Neill Craighead, born July 21st, 1828 ; mar- 
ried February 21st, 1850, Eliza Johnston, daughter of 
James Johnston, of Washington Count3 r , Pa. She died 
December 11th, 1862, and he then married Rachel F. 
Williams, daughter of Benjamin Williams, of Mingo 
Church. Lives near Canonsburgh, Pa., on the farm that 
belonged to his grandfather and father. Has a clock 
that was formerly Colonel George's ; still a good time- 
piece, and which, if it could speak, could tell many thril- 
ling Revolutionary tales. 


Children by First Marriage. 

426. Marshall Boggs, born July 11th, 1862. 

Children by Second Marriage. 

427. Clarabelle Atwood, born April 13th, 1869. 


MAEGAEET OEAIGHEAD, daughter of George and 

Elizabeth S. Neill Craighead, born November 24th, 1830; 

married. March 20th, 1855, Rev. Franklin Orr, then and 

still pastor of Jacksonville and Bethel churches, Indiana 

Count}', Pa. She possessed great talent for music, and, 

previous to marriage, taught it in Mount Pleasant, Pa. 

As a woman she was discreet, humble, and conscientious; 

as a mother, loving and judicious. Died March 24th, 



428. Lizzie M., born Jan. 25th, 1858. 

429. Sarah Vinnie, " June 12th, 1862. 


S. JUDSON OEAIGHEAD, son of George and Eliza- 
beth S. Neill Craighead, born December 5th, 1834 ; mar- 
ried October 11th, 1860, Sarah E. Elder, daughter of 
David Elder, of Eldersridge, Pa. Studied at Eldersridge 
Academ} 7 ; graduated at Jefferson College in 1858, and 
subsequently taught in Dunlap's Creek Academy. Lives 
now at Eldersridge, teaching and farming. 


430. David Elder, born July 25th, 1861. 

431. George V., " September 17th, 1863. 

432. Julia Eliza, " December 6th, 1865. 
433/ James R. E., » October 5th, 1868. 

434. Sarah Marie, « September 7th, 1870. 

435. Emeline M., » April 14th, 1873. 

436. Nannie J., " October 27th, 1875. 



NANCY CRAIGHEAD, daughter of George and 
Elizabeth S. Neill Craighead, born October 7th, 1836; 
married, February 28th, 1860, James Boone, a farmer, who 
belonged to Miller's Run Church, for so many years under 
the pastoral care of Rev. Dr. William Smith. " She was 
a happy Christian, faithful wife, and a fond, indulgent 
mother." Died August 24th, 1868. 

437. William Judson, born Nov. 5th, 1860. 

438. George Craighead, " June 28th, 1863. 


JAMES T. CRAIGHEAD, son of George and Eliza- 
beth S. Neill Craighead, born June 3d, 1843, and married 
February 13th, 1868, Martha J. Fleming, daughter of 
Rev. James Fleming, then pastor of Lower Buffalo 
Church, Washington County, Pa. Was in the Northern 
army eighteen months, and when the war closed went to 
reside in Kansas. Is a farmer, and now lives near Cau- 

onsburgh, Pa. 


439. Kate Emeline, born Jan. 6th, 1869. 

440. James Fleming, " May 15th, 1871. 

441. John Brattain, " Nov. 3d, 1873. 


EMELINE M. CRAIGHEAD, daughter of George and 
Elizabeth S. Neill Craighead, was born April 20th, 1845. 
Educated at Edgeworth and Canonsburgh Seminaries, 
and her teachers represent her as " having a cheerful and 
happy disposition, and a leader in all that was good." 
Says one, " I could never see a fault in her; she was not 


like other young ladies." Her pastor writes : " Emeline 
was a faithful follower of the Lord Jesus. She possessed 
and manifested his spirit, obe3 T ed his precepts, and imi- 
tated his example. Early called into the vineyard, early 
she was taken to her rest and reward. There is a blessed- 
ness in remembering that cheerful face, and in listening 
to the echoes of that soft, low voice, speaking only words 
of kindness, of sympathj*, and of good will to all. On 
the quiet Sabbath evening of June 28th, 1874, our be- 
loved sister peacefully fell asleep in Jesus." 


OHAKLES D. OKAIGHEAD, the third son of Dr. 
Joseph and Phereby P. White Craighead, was born June 
8th, 1840, and married August 13th, 1872, Fannie E. 
Baile} 7 . Is a sugar planter, near Placquemine, La. 

442. Charles D., Jr., born July 21st, 1873. 

443. Mary A., " March 25th, 1875. 


WILLIAM J. CEAIGHEAD, the fourth son of Dr. 
Joseph E. and Phereby P. White Craighead, was born 
August 8th, 1842, and married April, 1864, Mrs. Lizzie 
E. Goodwin. He died in the Confederate army, Septem- 
ber 2d, 1864. No children. 


JENNIE E. CRAIGHEAD, youngest child of Dr. Jo- 
seph E. and Phereby P. White Craighead, was born April 
4th, 1847, and married March 3d, 1869, Capt. William A. 
Buntin, of Robertson County, Tenn. 



444. John C. 

445. Daniel F. Carter. 


ELIZA JANE CEAIGHEAD, second daughter of 
Thomas Gr. and Rutelia Armstrong Craighead, born July 
12th, 1830; married Thomas K. Rawlings, March 11th, 
1852. They reside in Dallas, Texas. 


450. Edmund A. K., born Sept. 10th, 1853. 

451. Rutelia A., " Jan. 4th, 1856; died Jan. 3d, 1867. 

452. Thos. Craighead, " Jan. 14th, 1859. 

453. Margaret H. M., " Dec. 4th, 1861. 

MAEY ANN CEAIGHEAD, third daughter of 

Thomas G. and Rutelia Armstrong Craighead, born April 
2d, 1832; married D. 0. Hoge, May 20th, 1858. Live 
in Marion Count} 7 , Tenn. 


454. William Edgar, born Feb. 24th, 1859. 

455. Mary O., " March 1st, 1861 ; died Oct. 1st, 1861. 

456. Sarah R., " March 1st, 1862. 

457. J. Lena, " May 7th, 1867. 


MAEIA OLAEK CEAIGHEAD, fourth daughter of 

Thomas G. and Rutelia Armstrong Craighead, born Au- 
gust 12th, 1834; married A. K. Alley, Esq., May 25th, 
1854. She died December 30th, 1865. Mr. Alley lives 
in Marion County, Tenn. 



458. Thomas E., born July 27th, 1856. 

459. Marcellus M., " March 31st, 1860. 



of Thomas G. and Rutelia Armstrong Craighead, born 

February 22d, 1837 ; married Eliza Cox Doss, February 

22d, 1868. 


460. Jack Doss, born Aug. 24th, 1869. 

461. William Armstrong, « March 19th, 1871. 

462. Thomas G., " February 22d, 1873. 

463. Jim Robert, " March 23d, 1875. 


ter of Thomas G. and Rutelia Armstrong Craighead, 
born April 22d, 1846 ; married Edwin F. Redfield Sep- 
tember 13th, 1866. They reside in Dallas, Texas. 


464. Hal. Lin wood, born June 5th, 1868. 

465. M. Forbs, " Sept. 18th, 1871. 


ter of James Patterson Nelson and Sarah Agnes Suther- 
land Craighead, born in Knoxville December 11th, 1843; 
married John William Lilly, son of Nathaniel and Judith 
Lilly, June 11th, 1813. Mr. Lilly was bom June 30th, 
1818, in Brunswick County, Va., and was a widower when 




P.N. and Sarah Agnes Sutherland Craighead, born March 
8th, 1847, in Knoxville ; married, December 22d, 1870, 
Mary Isabella McAlister, born January 27th, 1846, daugh- 
ter of John M. and Mary Isabella McAlister. 


466. Sarah Agnes, born Sept. 19th, 1871. 

467. John Alexander, " April 26th, 1873. 

468. James Patterson Nelson, » Feb. 3d, 1875. 


JANE KENNEDY OEAIGHEAD, daughter of James 
P. N. and Sarah A. Sutherland Craighead, born May 7th, 
1851 ; married, August 3d, 1870, James William Ander- 
son, born September 24th, 1844, second son of W. W. 
and Mary T. Anderson. Mr. Anderson is a merchant at 
Sutherland Springs, Texas. 


469. James William, born April 12th, 1871. 

470. Hugh Olive, « Mar. 12th, '72; died June 25th, '75. 

471. Patterson Leonidas, " Sept. 11th, 1873. 

JANE LAMB CRAIGHEAD, oldest daughter of 

Thomas and Martha Sterrett Craighead; married George 
Raynolds, of Canton, Ohio, October 29th, 1846. Lives in 
Akron, Ohio. 

472. Thomas C, born ; graduated, 1868, at Uni- 

versity, Michigan ; editor of the Akron Daily Beacon. 



JOHN CRAIGHEAD, the eldest son of William and 
Phebe McGollom Craighead, born January 30th, 1821; 
married Harriet Thrasher April 1th, 1842, who was born 
October 24th, 1822. Lives in Anderson, Madison County, 
Indiana. Business, flour merchant and manufacturer. 

473. "William J., born Oct. 25th, 1847 ; only child, unmarried. 


GEORGE CRAIGHEAD, the second son of William 
and Phebe McGollom Craighead, born August 19th, 1822; 
married, August 24th, 1843, Sarah Ann Overman, who 
was born March 11th, 1824. Lives at Villisca, Mont- 
gomery County, Iowa. 


474. William Kitner, born Aug. 17th, 1844; mar. H. Phillips. 

475. John H., << Aug. 11th, 1846; mar. S. Phillips. 

476. Cyrus F., " Nov. 3d, 1849; died Nov. 30th, 1849. 

477. Isaac Newton, << Jan. 11th, 1855. 

478. George W., " Oct. 24th, 1858. 

479. Charles Lamb, " Aug. 25th, 1864. 


SAMUEL LAMB CRAIGHEAD, son of William and 
Phebe McGollom Craighead, born July 28th, 1828 ; mar- 
ried Emma M. Haines, of Trenton, N. J., February 12th, 
1853. She was born February 21st, 1832, and died 
March 12th, 1872. He resides in Anderson, Ind., and 
is engaged in the lumber business. 



480. Elmer Franklin, born Jan. 30th, '54; died Sept. 19th, '54. 

481. Ida Jane McCollom, " June 21st,'55 ; " " 28th, '56. 

482. Inis Francis, " Jan. 29th, '57 ; " Mar. 25th, '57. 

483. Edgar Olga, " " 10th, 1858. 

484. William Ulick, " Aug. 13th, '60; diedMar.l3th,'61. 

485. Charles Archibald, " Jan. 10th, '62; " Aug.l9th,'62. 


William and Phebe McCollom. Craighead, born November 
6th, 1830; married Johanna Sweinhart, of Indianapolis, 
Ind., July 25th, 1860. Lives in Muncie, Ind. 


486. Maggie Jane, born Oct. 25th, 1861. 

487. Benjamin Franklin, » June 13th, 1863. 

488. Mary Kimball, " April 4th, '65; died April 4th, '65. 

489. Susan Phebe, " June 13th, 1875. 


of William and Phebe McCollom Craighead, born Feb- 
ruary 20th, 1834, married Evan H. Baird, son of Dr. 
Baird, of Chillicothe, Ohio, October 23d, 1863. Lives 
in Ellwood, Madison County, Ind. No children. 

EACHEL ANN OEAIGHEAD, daughter of William 
and Phebe McCollom Craighead, born September 2Vth, 
183?, married Rev. Daniel Clymer, of the Protestant 
Methodist Church, August 20th, 1871. Lives in Ellwood, 
Madison County, Ind. No children. 



WILLIAM G0ED0N CRAIGHEAD, oldest son of 

John and Maria L. Gordon Craighead, born at Chilli- 

cotbe, Ohio, September 23d, 1834, married Judith Josie 

Benson, at Washoe City, Nevada, February 10th, 1868. 

Was Sheriff of Elko County, Nev., and is engaged in 



490. Maria Louvan, born, December 23d, 1868, at Reno, Nev. 

491. Frank Benson, " August 22d, 1870, at Elko, " 


and Maria L. Gordon Craighead, born at Portsmouth, 
Ohio, September 23d, 1839, married Elizabeth M. Adair, 
of St. Louis, Mo., December 7th, 1864. Lives in St. 
Louis, and is engaged in the lumber trade. 


492. John Thomas, born, Nov. 7th, 1866, in Calloway Co., Mo. 

493. Laura Lavinia, " July 6th, 1869. 

494. Gordon, u 


and Maria L. Gordon Craighead, born at Portsmouth, 
Ohio, March 14th, 1842, married Jessie F. Elder, October 
24th, 1872. A merchant in Pittsburg, Pa. 


495. Franklin M. Gordon, born, August 26th, 1874, at Swiss- 
vale, Pa. 



JANE MAEY CEAIGHEAD, oldest daughter of John 
and Maria L. Gordon Craighead, born at Portsmouth, 
Oh jo, April 5th, 1845, married Thomas M. Wilds, Sep- 
tember 29th, 18T0. He is a merchant, and lives in Wyo- 
ming, Iowa. 


496. Mary Eleanor, born, Aug. 10th, 1871, in Wyoming, Iowa. 

497. Willie McCune, » June, 1873, " << 


JOHN PUEDY CEAIGHEAD, second son of Dr. John 
Boyd and Mary W. Purdy Craighead, born at Dayton, 
Ohio, March 23d, 1833, married, September 17th, 1868, 
Mrs. Olivia F. Read, who was born in Shelbyville, 111., 
in 1840, daughter of Addison and Nancy F. Smith. 
Sheridan P. Read, her first husband, was born at Urbana, 
Ohio ; was a law3 r er, and practiced in Paris, 111. At his 
country's call he raised a regiment in 1862, was appointed 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the Sevent3 T -ninth Illinois, and was 
killed, December 29th, 1862, at the battle of Stone River. 

John C. graduated at Miami University in 1852, taught 
for several years, studied law, and was admitted to the 
bar in Baltimore, Md., in 1861. Left the law for mer- 
chandising in 1865, and lives in Dayton, Ohio. No 


WILLIAM CEAIGHEAD, third son of Dr. John Boyd 
and Mary Wallace Purdy Craighead, born at Da} r ton, 
Ohio, September 1st, 1835, married Margaret S. Wright, 
daughter of Francis M. and Sophia A. Wright, of Urbana, 
Ohio, December 27th, 1865. He graduated at Miami 


University June 30th, 1855 ; studied law in Dayton, and 
was admitted to the bar in 1859, and practices in Dayton. 


498. Sophie, born February 16th, 1868. 

499. Jeannette, " June 18th, 1872; died August 17th, 1873. 


JOSEPH BOYD CRAIGHEAD, son of Dr. John Boyd 
and Rebecca Dodds Craighead, born January 29th, 1845, 
married Hannah Ann Gaar, December 30th, 1869, who 
was born May 26th, 1849. They live in Richmond, Ind. 

500. Milton Boyd, born January 2d, 1871. 

JAMES SAMUEL CEAIGHEAD, oldest son of Wil- 

liam Gr. and Rebecca George Craighead, was born October 
27th, 1844. Was but twelve years old when his father 
died, and consequently the responsibilities were great 
that devolved upon him ; all of which he discharged with 
great fidelity, and to the advantage of his younger brothers 
and sisters. By his industry and perseverance he made 
honorable acquisitions in education ; but his patriotism 
led him to enlist, in 1863, in the Eighth Regiment of Iowa 
Cavaliy, in which he served to the close of the war with 
honor to himself, and to the benefit of the cause. Hon- 
orably discharged in August, 1865, after a few weeks 
passed with his friends, he started for the University at 
Syracuse, X. Y., in order to pursue the studies which 
had been interrupted by his enlistment, and died on the 
way, May 12th, 1866, at Joliet, 111. 




MARY ELENOE CRAIGHEAD, second daughter of 
William Gilson and Rebecca George Craighead, born 
March 10th, 1847, married Isaac G. Hawley March 10th, 
1866. Mr. Hawlej^, though belonging to the Society of 
Friends, enlisted in the Eighth Regiment of Iowa Cavalry 
in 1863, and, after two years of service, was honorably dis- 
charged. Resides on a farm near West Branch, Cedar 

County, Iowa. 


501. Charles Elvin, born December 29th, 1866, 

502. Kenzo De Leo, born October 27th, 1868. 

503. Walter Isaac, " » 7th, 1870. 
501. Emma C, " March 9th, 1873. 
505. Joseph William, » February 20th, 1875. 


William Gilson and Rebecca George Craighead, born 
January 20th, 1849. Having a preference for the printing 
business, he early in life engaged in it, but was obliged, 
by reason of ill-health, to relinquish it for a time. Re- 
covering his health, he has resumed the business, with 
prospects of ultimate success, having a liberal education, 
and good business habits and connections. 

ALBERT NERI CRAIGHEAD, third son of Wil- 

liam Gilson and Rebecca George Craighead, born near 
New Lisbon, Ohio, December 2d, 1850, married, Sep- 
tember 9th, 1873, Sarah Louise Waterson,of Constantine, 
Mich. She was born December 16th, 1852, and w r as the 
only surviving child of G. W. and Harriet A. Waterson. 


Studied at Western College, Iowa, and in the Iowa Agri- 
cultural College. After marriage resided in Iowa, until 
the fall of 1875, when he removed to Owatoma, Minn. 
Is engaged in the publishing business. 

•506. Albert Waterson, torn October 27th, 1875. 

EMMA JANE CEAIGHEAD, third daughter of Wil- 

liam Gilson and Rebecca George Craighead, born near 
]N"ew Lisbon, Ohio, December 11th, 1852; married May, 
1875, Marshall Wallick, of Cedar Count}', Iowa. Mr. 
Wallick is a farmer. 



Thomas and Ann Jane Smith Craighead, born June 18th, 
1841 ; married January 18th, 1870, Maggie Regina Dur- 
kin, daughter of Thomas and Ann Eliza Durkin. Studied 
pharmacy. Served as a volunteer in the late war from 
December, 1861, to the close, being discharged July 26th, 
1865. Was promoted to the position of Hospital Stew- 
ard of his regiment. Returned to Philadelphia, and is 
engaged in the drug business. 


508. Mercer, born Oct. 23d, 1870. 

509. Daisy, " April 22d, 1872. 

510. Bertha, " March 20th, 1874 ; died July 31st, 1874. 

511. Smith, " August 5th, 1875. 



ALFKED CRAIGHEAD, second son of Thomas and 
Ann Jane Smith Craighead, born January 3d, 1845; 
married June 23d, 1869, Lucinda Slocum, daughter of 
George S. and Susannah Slocum, of Roxborough. She 
was born October 20th, 1845 ; died December 10th, 1872. 
Married for his second wife, January 3d, 1876, Sallie J. 
Delp, youngest daughter of Harriet and Joseph Delp, of 
Philadelphia. Enlisted in the Sixty-eighth Regiment 
Pennsylvania Volunteers August 1st, 1862; fought in 
every battle of the Army of the Potomac from Antietam to 
Gen. Lee's surrender, and was never off duty while in the 
arniy. Was frequently detailed for special duty ; at Cul- 
pepper and Brandy Station, Va., acting as Orderly to 
Gen. D. B. Birney ; and in Augusjt, 1863, was detached 
to army Signal and Telegraph Corps at headquarters of 
General Meade. In this position, as line patrol, he was 
on front line of battle, and under constant fire of the 
enemy. At present holds appointment from Mayor 
Stokley, of Philadelphia, as police telegraph operator, 
with rank as Sergeant. 

512. Horace Alfred, born July 21st, 1870 ; died July 24th, 1870. 


Thomas and Ami Jane Smith Craighead, born August 
12th, 1848; married Mary E. Pinkerton, of Wilmington, 
Del., April 13th, 1871. Resides at Musconetcong, War- 
ren Count}', N. J. Is a paper manufacturer. 



513. Infant, born Feb. 24th, '72; died Feb. 25th, '72. 

514. George Alfred, " May 10th, 1873. 

515. William Sanford, " Jan. 18th, 1875. 


George and Maria E. Carmony Craighead ; married 
John Scott Woods, of South Middleton, Pa., November 
20th, 1866. They reside in Carlisle, Pa. 


516. Mary Jane. 

517. George Craighead. 

518. Emma Eliza. 

519. Richard. 

520. Margaret Rebecca. 

521. Ida Craighead. 


of John W. and Mary Ann Moore Craighead, born April 
6th, 1841 ; married Mary Alice Leidich, who was born 
October 3d, 1850, daughter of Adam and Regenia Mc- 
Gowen Leidich, May 17th, 1871. Served as a volunteer 
in the late war, and was wounded at Fort Stedman. 
Merchant and builder. Lives at Craighead's Station, 
four miles south of Carlisle. 


523. Sallie Bell, born March 18th, '72; died May 21st, '72. 

524. Maggie Regenia, " " 6th, '74; " June 12th, '74. 




and Alesanna Johnston Craighead, born March 7th, 1833 ; 
married, October 11th, 1855, Mary A. McClure. Was a 

merchant in Cleveland, Ohio, where he died August 19th, 
1864. Wife lives in Cleveland. 


525. Alice, born May 8th, 1857. 

526. Lee Durbin, " Jan. 18th, 1860. 
May 1st, 1863. 


Alesanna Johnston Craighead, born March 29th, 1835; 
married Susan White, June 5th, 1859. Is a mechanic, 
and lives in Mansfield, Ohio. 


528. Septimus, born July 23d, 1860. 

< Oct. 1st, 1864 ; died Oct. 9th, 1865. 


DAVID CRAIGHEAD, son of John and Alesanna 
Johnston Craighead, born December 19th, 1836 ; married 
Eliza Hall, November 29th, 1859. A farmer, and lives 
five miles from Mansfield, Ohio. 


530. Alesanna, born March 14th, 1861. 

531. William, " " 9th, 1866. 


532. Caroline, born Aug. 10th, 1867. 

533. Kobert, " March 29th, 1869 

534. Lee, " June 7th, 1872. 


ANN MAEY CRAIGHEAD, daughter of John and 
Alesanna Johnston Craighead, born August 5th, 1839; 
married Lorenzo Marley, February 19th, 1851. A farmer, 
and lives two miles from Galion, Ohio. 


535. James Leroy, born July 11th, 1858. 

536. John Gailord, » Aug. 28th, 1861. 

537. Albert, " Jan. 21st, 1868. 

538. Lovesanna, " " 9th, 1870. 


MAEY ANN CRAIGHEAD, only daughter of Gilson 
and Sarah Rodery Craighead, born September 10th, 1834 ; 
married James W. Porter, January, 1852. She died April 
8th, 1855, leaving one child. 

539. Lucy Ann, born ; married Allen J. Gaines. 


HORACE CRAIGHEAD, only son of Robert and 
Helen M. Smith Craighead, born January 30th, 1846 ; 
married Frances Rose, daughter of William W. Rose, 
Esq., November 3d, 1810. Resides at Mamaroneck, 
N. Y. 


540. Ethel, born Feb. 17th, 1875. 


ROBERT D. CRAIGHEAD, M.D., only son of David 

and Mary J. Sloan Craighead, born October 12th, 1846, 
married Louise A., daughter of James M. Ray, of In- 
dianapolis, May 29th, 18T2. Resides in Dunreith, Ind. 


541. Eobert D., born March 24th, 1873. 

542. James E., " July 14th, 1874. 

543. Edward, « Dec. 22d, 1875; died Feb. 22d, 1876. 


George and Sarah Ann Overman Craighead, born Au- 
gust 17th, 1844; married Helen Phillips, October 7th, 



544. Mary, born May 1st, 1870; died Sept. 10th, 1870. 

545. Leonora, " July 20th, 1872. 

546. Anna, " Jan. 19th, 1874. 


George and Sarah Ann Overman Craighead, born Au- 
gust 11th, 1846; married Susan Phillips, April 24th, 



547. Eva, born March 10th, 1871. 

548. Verna, " May 1st, 1872. 


Kockt Spring Church is located four miles north of Cham- 
bersburg, on the road leading to Strasburg. A large spring issues 
from the high hill on which the church is built. The first church 
was a rough log building, and stood between the present church 
and graveyard, and was erected about 1739 or 1740, when the con- 
gregation was organized. Beside it was a log building, fifteen feet 
square, called the " Study House,"' which was used originally as a 
receptacle for saddles and bridles, and afterwards by the pastor 
before and between the church services. Here also the Session 
held its meetings. 

The second church, built in 1794, is of brick on a stone founda- 
tion, and is sixty by forty-eight feet. The pews are yellow pine, 
unpainted, with high, straight backs; the pulpit circular, and 
painted blue, with sounding-board above, on which there is a rude 
representation of a star. A precentor's desk is in front of the 
pulpit, and the aisles are paved with brick. There are windows 
on all sides of the church, and one door on the east and west re- 
spectively, and two to the south. The walls are white, with a 
blue border running round the ceiling, doors, and windows. The 
old iron stoves that heated the first meeting-house are still in use, 
as is also the original pewter communion service. 

After the close of the Revolutionary war " the veterans when they 
came to church wore their cocked hats and swords, and hung the 
former on pegs around the walls. The Elders were all of them 
distinguished soldiers of the Revolution. At this period the con- 
gregation was large, numbering three hundred and eight heads of 
families."* In the list of pewholders are found the names of Gen. 
John Rea ; Col. Joseph Armstrong; Charles Cummins (Elder); 
Col. Joseph Culbertson ; Robert Brotherton (Elder) ; Nicholas 
Patterson (father of Rev. James Patterson) ; Capt. Samuel Pat- 

* Dr. C. T. Mac-lay. 


ton; Kobert Shields (Elder); Kobert Swan (who occupied the 
Clerk's desk and led the music for nearly a half century); Maj. 
James McCalmont (captain of a band of rangers in the Revolu- 
tionary war) ; Capt. John McConnell; Eobert Culbertson ; Moses 
Kirkpatrick (Elder) ; and Col. Samuel Culbertson. 

The residence of Mr. Craighead was built of stone, and was de- 
molished by the present owner of the farm in the spring of 1875, 
in order to erect a more modern building on the same foundation. 
It stood a short distance east of the church, and we add a descrip- 
tion of the building and the hospitality of its owner, furnished 
by Dr. Maclay : 

" It was a grand old building with walls two feet in thickness, 
though bent and curved inwards considerably from the action of 
fire, the interior having been twice entirely burned out during the 
occupancy of Mr. Craighead. It had great stone chimneys, four 
flues in the east, and a large, open, wide chimney-place in the west 
end, with space enough to boil apple-butter, bake, boil soap, and 
butcher in at the same time. A long porch extended in front, the 
whole length of the building. During the ministry of Mr. Craig- 
head, this house was the headquarters of the clergy and the elder- 
ship of all the adjacent congregations. Drs. King and Cooper, 
and Revs. Lang, Dougal, Steel, and Linn, were frequent visitors. 
The social and elegant manners of Mr. Craighead also made this 
house a place of great resort for the young folks of the congrega- 
tion, and many a joyous gathering was held by them in the old 
three-cornered parlor, preliminary to the husking frolic or the 
apple-butter boiling. Of the tea and quilting parties, held by the 
mothers of the church, little now is known, except a few anecdotes 
which have come down to us on the wings of tradition." 

A well-authenticated anecdote is told of Mr. Craighead and of 
Dr. Cooper, his intimate friend, the pastor at Newville. "After 
the battle of Monmouth, when our army was retreating, the two 
friends stopped at a farm-house for refreshments. Some food, to- 
gether with a glass of fine whisky, was set before them, which 
Mr. Craighead noticing, he very quickly requested Mr. Cooper 
to ask a blessing. While doing so Mr. Craighead drank all the 
whisky; and Mr. Cooper, being thirsty, inquired, after his prayer 
ended, what had become of the whisky. His jovial friend promptly 


reminded him that the Scriptures commanded us to watch as well 
as pray !" 

His tomb was originally built up with a brick wall and covered 
with a large slate stone, inscribed: "In memory of Kev. John 
Craighead, who departed this life the 20th day of April, 1799, 
aged 57 years. Ordained to preach the Gospel, and installed pas- 
tor of the congregation of Rocky Spring on the 13th April, A.D. 
1768. He was a faithful and zealous servant of Christ." A neat 
tombstone was erected at the head of the grave, a few years since, 
by Mrs. Isabella Marshall, daughter of Captain Samuel Patton, an 
Elder of the church. Mrs. Marshall was the last surviving mem- 
ber of the old congregation. The grave is near the centre of the 
yard, and shadowed by a fine cedar tree. 

Mrs. Hetty Craighead was born at the "Walnut Bottom, 
seven miles southwest of Carlisle, Pa., July 10th, 1789. She was 
the daughter of Samuel Weakley and Hester Lusk, and belonged 
to a family widely known and much respected. Married to Wil- 
liam Craighead February 9th, 1815, she resided until her death, 
in March, 1875, in the family mansion of her husband, four miles 
south of Carlisle. 

Mrs. Craighead possessed a clear and strong mind, which was 
stored with useful knowledge, that rendered her society attractive; 
and the early consecration of herself to Christ, and the subsequent 
development of a consistent Christian character, made her a bless- 
ing to the community and to the church, of which she was for 
sixty years a member. With the Presbyterian Church, in all its 
activities at home and abroad, her heart was in thorough sympathy. 
"The Bible, in all its parts, was to her a constant companion, 
and familiar as only some special portions are to most, as were the 
catechisms and the church's grand old hymns."* 

But it was in the family that her many excellencies were most 
seen and fully appreciated. This was her place of honor, and her 
chief sphere of usefulness. " Seldom has any mother succeeded 
more completely in gaining the respect and affection of her chil- 
dren. To the last year of her life they appeared to have no higher 
earthly enjoyment than to assemble under her roof and to receive 
her blessing. That home was never without family worship ; over 

* The parts quoted are from an obituary in The Evangelist, written by her 
r, Rev. Dr. C. P. Wing. 


which, in the absence of others on whom the duty of leading de- 
volved, she presided with great acceptance and dignity. Outside 
that family circle, also, many were witnesses of her remarkable 
power in prayer." 

" During the last years of her life she was confined to her 
chamber, but was kindly exempted from all pain, so that she was 
able to devote herself to reading and to social life. Her room was 
the centre of interest for all her children and grandchildren, all 
of whom were delighted to contribute to her pleasure. A visit 
to it was cheering and instructive to all. Under circumstances 
which many would have found trying to their cheerfulness she saw 
nothing to trouble her, and she spoke of nothing but goodness and 
mercy. She indulged in no complaints of others, and all her an- 
ticipations for the Church and the world were richly colored by 
bright promises. Her mind was unimpaired to the very last, and 
her views of religious truth were constantly expanding. During 
her last hours she spoke freely of the ground of her hopes as of 
that respecting which she had no misgivings." In reply to an in- 
quiry respecting her comfort she said : " Very, very comfortable ; 
looking unto Jesus! Precious Saviour! Other refuge have I 
none." Her remains were borne to the grave by her sons and 

Her father, Samuel Weakley, born 1775, died February 10th, 
1829, and Hesther Lusk, his wife, born 1755, died October 1st, 
1819 ; both buried at Newville. Had five sons and six daughters. 
James, the eldest son, died, aged 13 months, and is buried at 
Meeting-house Springs. John died November 25th, 1826, un- 
married. Mary married Judge Alexander Brown, December 
16th, 1806, and had children: Samuel died, aged 10; Mary mar- 
ried Alfred Norton, and had one child, Laura ; Sidney married 
James Morehead, and had children, Alfred, Mary, Frank (all 
dead), and Eliza. Sidney died unmarried. William Lusk, 
born February 18th, 1782, and died November 10th, 1836, married 
Martha Ege, and had children : Peter married Harriet Black, no 
children ; Joseph ; Hetty married David Blaine, who was killed at 
the battle of Peach Orchard; William; Martha married Mr. Slay- 
maker, of Lancaster County, Pa. James, born July 27th, 1787, 
died April 3d, 1863, married Eliza Geddes, born 1796, died June 
20th, 1849, and had children: Hetty married James Miller, Jan- 
uary 1st, 1844; Elizabeth died, aged 15; Martha married Dr. A. 


E. Sharpe, of Newville, Pa., October 24th, 1854, and has one son, 
James; John died at Baton Rouge, La., was a captain in late 
war, and unmarried ; William; James married, and lives in Kan- 
sas. Eliza married John Huston, and had children: James 
married, first, Matilda Line, and second, Margaret Graham ; Sid- 
ney died unmarried ; Samuel married Mary Woods ; Williamson 
married Miss Line ; Caroline married Joseph Heminger. Sam- 
uel died in infancy. Matilda married John Scott, and had 
children : William married Sally Hayes ; John married Elizabeth 
Rowland, and had children, John, Xenophon (physician in Cleve- 
land), Isabella, and Mary; Hetty died young; Matilda married 
Dr. Armstrong; David married ; Sidney, unmarried. Isa- 
bella married Henry Chalfant, and had children : John W. 
married Ellen Q. McCrea ; Henry R. married Eva R. Graham ; 
George A. married Margaretta Bell ; Annie R. married Albert G. 
Miller; William L. married Ashley Piette ; Sidney A., James 
T., and Albert M., are unmarried; and William B. and Hettie 
L. died young. 

Rev. Matthew Wilson was born in New London, Chester 
County, Pa., January loth, 1731. He was the son of James 
Wilson, of Nottingham, Pa., and was educated in IS T ew London 
Academy, in which school he was soon after invited to become 
teacher of languages. He received his license from New Castle 
Presbytery, 1754, and was ordained and installed pastor over the 
churches of Lewis and Cool Spring, Delaware, in 1755, and sub- 
sequently of Indian River. An eminent man in his da}*. As a 
teacher, physician, and preacher, he was accomplished in them all. 
His zeal in the cause of American Independence was such, that 
he inscribed the word " Liberty" on his cocked hat, so that no 
one might doubt his sentiments. He was skilled in jurisprudence, 
and highly esteemed for his counsel.* 

Rev. James Patriot Wilson, D.D., a son of Rev. Matthew 
W 7 ilson, was born February 21st, 1769, and graduated at the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania in 1788. He fitted himself for the bur, 
entered upon the practice of law, and attained a high reputation. 
Through affliction he was brought to a conviction, and then to a 
full acceptance, of Christianity, and at once devoted himself to 
the ministry. After a two years' pastorate at Lewes, Delaware, 

* Wilson's Pies. His. Almanac. 


he was called to the First Church, in Philadelphia, in 1806, where 
he remained for nearly a quarter of a century. 

He was one of the leading minds of the Presbyterian Church. 
" Of tall stature, with a countenance grave rather than animated, 
his features bore the stamp of kindly feeling and high intelligence. 
Uniformly urbane and obliging, fastidiously modest, of a truly 
catholic and liberal spirit, he was the model of a Christian gentle- 
man. His learning was thorough and extensive ; yet he was by 
no means a mere pedant or book-worm. Few men have ever so 
thoroughly digested their laboriously acquired knowledge. His 
mind was disciplined to its tasks, and, though he never used a 
note or read a line in the pulpit, the logic of his argument was 
clear, concise, consecutive, and conclusive. And his piety was in 
keeping with his simplicity and humility. His convictions of the 
truth of what he preached were firmly grounded in his own ex- 
perience. His sermons, if rarely imaginative, were replete with 
lucid exposition or solid instruction. He sought to bring forth the 
real meaning, and to elucidate the teachings of the Scriptures."* 

His son, Rev. James P. Wilson, D.D., of Newark, New Jersey, 
has inherited largely his distinguished father's talents, his fond- 
ness for the classics, his independence, and modest gentlemanly 

Kev. John Brow^n, the father of Elizabeth, wife of Pvev. Thomas 
B. Craighead, was born in Ireland, and graduated at Nassau Hall 
in 1749 ; was licensed by New Castle Presbytery, and in August, 
1753, had a call to Timber Eidge and Providence, Ya. This call 
was accepted, and he continued his useful labors there until 1776, 
when he resigned and removed to Kentucky, where he died in 

When Tarleton spread consternation throughout the surround- 
ing valley of Virginia, Mr. Brown, in connection with his co- 
presbyters, Messrs. Graham and Scott, exhorted the stripling 
youths of their congregations — their elder brethren were already 
with Washington — to rise and join their neighbors, and dispute 
the passage of the invader. 

Mr. Brown was married to the daughter of Mr. John Preston, 
of Virginia. His oldest son, John, was United States Senator 
from Kentucky for three terms; his third son, James, was the 

* Gillett, vol. i, pp. 7.3,76. 


first Secretary of State of Kentucky, Senator from Louisiana, 
and Minister to the Court of France. 

William Geddes married for his first wife Sarah McAllen, 
and had children: James, Margaret, John, Paul, William, Eobert; 
and for his second wife, Catherine, daughter of James Craighead, 
by whom he had a son, Thomas, who married Mary, daughter of 
Gilson Craighead. 

His first son, James, moved to Geddes, N. Y., in 1794, and en- 
gaged in the manufacture of salt. Eemoved to Camillus, 1798; 
was a member of the Legislature in 1804, and Chief Engineer of 
the Erie and Ohio canals: was employed by the General Govern- 
ment to locate the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, and subsequently 
the Pennsylvania Canals. In 1812, Judge of Ontario County ; 
1813, elected to Congress; and died August 19th, 1838, leaving an 
only child, Hon. George Geddes, of Fairmount, N. Y. 

Eev. David Caldwell, D.D., was born in Lancaster County, 
Pa., March 22d, 1725. His father was a farmer, and his son either 
worked on the farm or as a carpenter until twenty-five years of 
age. His preparatory studies were under Kev. Robert Smith, of 
Pequea, Pa., and he graduated at Princeton, 1761. He came under 
the care of New Brunswick Presbytery September 28th, 1762, was 
licensed August 18th, 1763, and sent by Presbytery one year as 
supply to North Carolina, where a call was given him by the 
churches of Buffalo and Allamance. Keturned north, and was 
ordained at Trenton, N. J., July 5th, 1765, and dismissed to Han- 
over Presbytery. Installed March 3d, 1768. In connection with 
his charge, he taught a large and celebrated classical school, in 
which many of the most eminent men of the South, lawyers, 
statesmen, and clergymen, were educated. "He was long a 
patriarch among the churches of North Carolina ; learned, pious, 
patriotic ; a revolutionary whig ; a genial friend and trusty coun- 
sellor, as well as successful teacher and able preacher.'.'* " The 
territory that constituted the field of his labors was .repeatedly a 
scene of terror and bloodshed. His house was plundered, his 
library and furniture destroyed, and the most insidious efforts 
were made to arrest him, when he had fled for his life. His peo- 
ple, like himself, were earnest patriots, and some lost their lives 
in battle, while all were subjected to the severest trials. "f 

* Gillett, vol. i, p. 469. f Sprague's Annals; Caldwell's Biography. 


He was a member of the convention that formed the State Con- 
stitution, and was offered, but declined, the Presidency of the State 
University. He continued pastor until 1820, and died August 
25th, 1824. If he had lived seven months longer he would have 
been 100 years old. 

His son, Samuel Craighead Caldwell, born July 10th, 1768, was 
licensed in 1792, at the age of 19, and ordained and installed pas- 
tor over Sugar Creek and Hopewell churches. A revival almost 
immediately followed his settlement, and more than seventy con- 
verts united with the Church. " Modest, mild, and gentle in 
demeanor ; clear in thought and utterance ; plain and direct in 
speech, and never losing his self-command, he was a man to be 
respected as well as loved." 

He married, 1, Abigail Bain Alexander, and had two children, 
David Thomas, and Jane. David Thomas married Harriet David- 
son, and had children: Samuel Craighead, William Davidson, 
Thomas, Sarah Jane, Robert Baxter, Minnie, and Alice ; and for 
his second wife, Adeline Hutchinson, and had one child, Addie. 
Jane married Rev. Walter Smiley Pharr, and had one son, Rev. 
Samuel Caldwell Pharr, D.D., who married Miss Springs. Mr. 
Caldwell's second wife was Elizabeth Lindsay, by whom he had 
children : Robert Lindsay, who graduated at University of Geor- 
gia, and at Union Theological Seminary, Va., settled as pastor at 
Statesville, IS". C, married Martha Bishop, and died, aged 27 
years, leaving one son, John Rice. Abigail B. married Robert 
D. Alexander, and had children: Agnes, Brevard, Davidson, Lot- 
tie, Samuel Craighead Caldwell. The latter, born February 24th, 
1830, graduated at Davidson College 1848, Columbia Theologi- 
cal Seminary 1853, pastor of Thyatira and Black Creek churches, 
married Mary Holmes Brown, May 21st, 1857, and had children : 
Samuel, Bettie Brown, Robert Owen, Mary Abigail, and lives 
at Wadesboro, N. C. Samuel Craighead, born 1810, was a mer- 
chant in •Grenada, Miss., and was lost on board the Pathfinder, on 
the Mississippi River, never married. John McKnitt Madison, born 
1812, graduated at the University of Georgia and Union Theo- 
logical Seminary, Va., and licensed 1835, and ordained 1836. 
Pastor of Sugar Creek Church 1837, and then at Rome, Ga., in 
1845. Resigned 1857 to take charge of the Rome Female College, 
and became proprietor 1860, where he still labors. He married, 
1844, Caroline E. Livy, and had eight sons: Thomas Parsons, 


born November, 1851, died April, 1852; Edwin Harper, born 
1853, died 1872; Samuel Craighead, born 1846, graduated 1868 
at Princeton, Professor Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Kome, 
Ga., married Kate Pearson, 1870, and has two sons; Alfred 
Shorter, born 1848, married Lizzie Hutchinson, 1874, and has one 
daughter; John Livy, born 1850, graduated Princeton 1870, and 
at Princeton Seminary 1874, and pastor at Pleasant Hill, Mo. ; 
Franklin Hawkins, born 1857, and is a merchant in Kome, Ga. ; 
and two died in infancy. Andrew Harper, born 1814, graduated at 
Centre College, Ohio, and Union Theological Seminary, Va., 
married Sarah Ann Williamson, and has children: John, Samuel 
Craighead, Sarah Elizabeth, Willie Dobie, Walter Lindsay, and 
Anna. Seled, born 1816, is a Baptist preacher, lives in Texas, 
and has three children. Septimus, born 1818, was an eminent 
lawyer of Grenada, Miss., killed by upsetting of a stage. Cyrus 
Kingsbury, born 1821, graduated 1841 at Davidson College, and 
at Union Theological Seminar}*, Va., 1846, ordained 1847, mar- 
ried Fannie A. McKinley, 1855, and had children : Ida Lindsay, 
Anna Hope, Fannie Maria, Bessie Morrison. Pastor of Buf- 
falo and Bethel churches, at Pittsboro, and at Denmark, Tenn., 
where he died, much beloved and lamented, March, 1876. Walter 
Pharr, born 1822, is a lawyer, and lives at Greensboro, N. C. 
Married Nannie Weatherly, and has children : Earnest, Maggie, 
Mamie, Carrie, Nannie, Daisey, Abby Wood. 

Since the sketch of Kev. Alexander Craighead was in type the 
following letter has been received from Eev. A. W. Miller, D.D., 
of Charlotte, N. C. : 

-- Key. J. G. Craighead, D.D. 

" Dear Sir : An examination of the old records of the Presby- 
terian Church, together with the various notices by the historians, 
satisfied me that injustice had been done him by one of these, 
Hodge, and that full justice had been done him by none of these, 
as the most enlightened, consistent, and devoted patriot of the 
age, who fearlessly carried out his principles to their just conclu- 
sions, and thus became entitled to the pre-eminent distinction, 
'The Father of his Country.' 

" These views I presented in a sermon before my people on 
Sunday, May 14th, 1876, an extract from which I send you: 



"'If to the people of Mecklenburg County, Providence as- 
signed the foremost position in the ranks of patriots a century 
ago, let them never cease to cherish and to hallow the memory of 
that illustrious hero, who prepared them for it at so great toil and 
pains, and for years and years diligently sowed the seed that pro- 
duced the glorious harvest. No ordinary work was given him to 
do, and no ordinary training and discipline fitted him for it. 
Deeply imbibing the spirit of the Scottish Covenants, contending 
earnestly for the descending obligations of those covenants upon 
all whose ancestors were parties to the same, and insisting upon 
making the adoption of the Solemn League and Covenant a term 
of communion for members of the church in the colonies as well 
as in the mother country, testifying continually to the Headship 
of Christ over the state, and the responsibility of all kings and 
rulers to Him, a failure of whose allegiance to Him would forfeit 
the allegiance of the people to them ; proclaiming everywhere 
these grand old doctrines, with a fidelity, and a courage, and a 
zeal, and a constancy that ought to have secured sympathy and 
commanded admiration. Instead of this, he experienced the 
usual fate of those who are in advance of the age. He was op- 
posed, resisted, denounced as an extremist, an ultra-reformer, 
calumniated as an agitator, and even censured by the General 
Synod of the Presbyterian Church ! It was not until he came to 
North Carolina, that he found a congenial element which he could 
mould and train successfully in devotion to principles bearing 
fruit in splendid achievements, which now, at this anniversary 
season, in another city, are commanding the homage of the repre- 
sentatives of the world — so successfully trained, that Charlotte 
occupied the front rank more than a year in advance of Philadel- 
phia — the latter on May 20th, 1775, counselling submission, the 
former declaring Independence — and Mecklenburg became the 
leader of the entire land ! 

" ' A retributive Providence, slow but sure, is now vindicating 
the memory of Christ's faithful witness and his country's greatest 
benefactor. The names of his detractors have passed into oblivion, 
or have encountered the odium they fastened upon his, but the 
clouds of prejudice and passion which dimmed his fair fame have 
all been swept away, and with a glorious lustre, that shall brighten 
and brighten with the centuries to come, shines forth the honored, 
thrice-honored name of Alexander Craighead!' " 


Dr. George Craighead was also a native of Virginia. His 
mind was strong and discriminating, and his judgment was in- 
tuitive. He was a close observer of all connected with cases under 
his treatment. These are qualities without which the greatest 
genius is unavailing to make one an eminent, or even a safe prac- 
titioner of medicine. These he possessed in a high degree. He. 
was moreover a most benevolent and conscientious man, who 
sympathized in the sufferings of others, and who exerted himself 
to the uttermost to mitigate and relieve them. 

He might have been truly called the American Howard, for he 
lived and labored for others rather than for himself. 

He practiced medicine most assiduously and successfully for a 
quarter of a century, and seldom made a charge against a patient. 
He was a bachelor, and said that he desired nothing more than 
a bare support. When he was in need of any article of dress, he 
would say to one, whose family he had been attending, " I am 
about to purchase a coat, a hat, or other articles of dress, as the 
case might be, and I want you to call at such a store and pay for 
it." He received from those of his patients who were able and 
willing to compensate him for his services such sums as they volun- 
tarily tendered him, which he spent in supplying the wants of the 
poor and the destitute around him. 

He would devote himself as assiduously in attendance on the 
poor free negro, from whom he knew that he would never receive 
a dime, as he would to the wealthiest person in the land. 

I mention the following incident to show the disinterested 
benevolence of his character : 

An individual, whose family he had attended for many years 
without having received a cent, said to him, " Doctor, I am about 
to remove to the Western country without paying what I owe you. 
After settling in full with all my creditors I find I have barely 
enough to take me and my family to Tennessee. If I shall suc- 
ceed in business, after getting to my new home, I will send you as 
much as I think will satisfy you." 

"Never mind that," said the kindhearted physician; "how 
much do you think will suffice to make you comfortable on the 
way, and give you a start after you get to Tennessee ?" 

"I suppose that forty dollars will be amply sufficient," was the 

Whereupon he took from his pocket two bank-notes of twenty 


dollars each, which he presented to him, saying: "Receive this 
from a friend, and do your best to take care of wife and children. 
I hope to hear of your success in your new home." 

This is but one of many acts of benevolence that might be re- 
lated of this remarkable man. 

It was his custom, when attending on slaves who were not fur- 
nished with sufficient bedding or other necessary articles, to pur- 
chase what was needed for their comfort, and have it charged to 
their owners. In the case of free negroes and poor white persons 
he supplied them at his own cost. 

If there has been in our world a good Samaritan, since the days 
of Him who ministered to the unfortunate and destitute wayfaring 
man between Jerusalem and Jericho, it is he of whom I write. I 
am happy to say that he was the friend of my youth, of my riper 
years, and of my old age. — By Thomas P. Atkinson, M.D., in 
the Virginia Clinical Record. 

Dr. William Craighead. — I will give you an incident that 
will show his brother "William's magnanimity. I once heard it 
remarked to him that he had been badly treated by a friend who 
had failed, and for whom he had indorsed heavily ; he replied with 
much earnestness, " I do not think so ; for when I become security 
for a man I undertake the risk, and if he fails honorably and I 
lose by him, it does not lessen him in my estimation." — Mrs. Dr. 
John I. Burton. 

White Clay Creek Church. — The ground on which the 
church was built was deeded to six trustees by Rev. Thomas Craig- 
head, April 10th, 1727. It was part of his farm of 402 acres, 
which he purchased from Jonathan Evans, February 8th, 1724, 
and for which he paid £242 7s. " lawful silver money of the gov- 
ernment." The consideration for the one acre sold for church 
purposes, was "one peppercorn yearly, if demanded." 


Marriage. Gen. CRAIGHEAD FAMILY. Birth. Death 


Christian names of the descendants, male and female, of Rev. Thomas Craig- 
head, the original settler in this country. The figures before the name denote 
the year of birth ; those after, the number belonging to the individual. 



David Elder, . 


1846. AdeliaA., 
1786. Alexander, 
. Alexander, 




DanielS., . . . .337 
Diana K., . . . .282 
Daisy, 509 

1792. Alexander, 



1861. Alesanna, 


1851. Alice Weakley, 



Edgar Olga, . . . .483 

1857. Alice, 



Edwin, . 

. 384 

1875. Albert W., 




. 11 

1850. Albert N., 





18-45. Alfred, . 




'. 62 

. Andrew, . 




. 107 

1725. Ann, 



Elizabeth B., . 

. 127 

1764. Ann, 



Elizabeth Jane, 

. 258 

1845. Ann S., . 



Eliza H., . 

. 154 

1839. Ann Mary, 




. 161 

1794. Anna, 




. 236 

1874. Anna, 



Eliza L., . 

. 286 


Eliza T., . 

. 279 



Ella Matilda, . 

. 385 


Elmer Franklin, 

. 480 

1794. Benjamin, 



Emanuel Johnson, 

. 420 

1816. Benjamin Alexander, 



Emeline M., . 

. 435 

1830. Benjamin F 

, . 



Emeline M., . 

. 241 

1840. Benjamin S. 



Emma J., . 

. 349 

1863. Benjamin F 

, . 


Emma M., 

. 362 

1846. Beriah G., 




. 251 

1874. Bertha, . 



Esther, . 

. 58 


Esther A., 

. 350 




. 540 

1867. Caroline, . 

. 532 


Eva, . 

. 544 

1748. Catharine, 

. 26 


1844. Catharine J 


. 397 

1840. Charles D., 

. 245 


Frank Benson, . . . 491 

1849. Charles W., 

. 347 


Frank William, . . . 383 

1849. Charles Cooper, 

. 368 


Franklin G., . . . .306 

1857. Charles, . 

. 421 


Franklin M. G., . . . 495 

1873. Charles D., 

. 442 

1864. Charles Lamb, 

. 479 


1862. Charles A., 
1864. Charles, . 

. 4S5 
. 529 


George, 13 

1869. Clarabella Atwood. 

. 427 


George, . 


1849. Cyrus F., . 

. 476 



George, . 
George, . 




George, . 



George, . 


1790. David, 

. 66 


George, . 


1800. David, 

. 207 


George, . 


1816. David, . 

. 214 


George, . 


1836. David, . 

. 395 


George Alfred, 


1838. David, 

. 401 


George D., 


1849. David, 



George Dufiield, 




1853. George G., 
I860. George L., 
1841. George S., 
1866. George Smith 
1863. George V., 
1858. George W., 
1808. Gilson, . 
1836. Gilson, . 
. Gordon, . 



Harriet Malinda, 

Harriet Augusta, 
Harrv Richard, 
Helen A., 
Henry Field, 
Hetty Matilda, 
Horace, . 
Horace Alfred, 
Horace M., 
Hugh L., . 

1855. Ida Jane ilc, 
— . Ida V., . 
Inis Francis, 
Isaac Newton 
Isabella, . 
Isabella, . 






Jack Doss, 






James B., 

James B., 

James Barret 

James Fleming 

James G., 

James Geddes 

James Geddes 

James Gilson, 

James Gilson, 

James P.,. 

James P. N., 

James P. N., 

James R. E., 

James S., . 

James T., . 

Jane or Janet 








Jane K., . 

Jane Lamb, 

Jane Mary, 

Jane I., . 

























































Jennv, 134 

Jennie E., 248 

Jesse Van Auken, . . . 374 
Jim Robert, .... 463 
Joanna M., . . . .130 

John 5 

John, 24 

John, 60 

John, 75 

John, 94 

John .168 

John, 208 

John 294 

John, 133 

John, 357 

John A 304 

John A. 305 

John Alexander, . . . 467 
John Alfred, . . . .371 

John B., 64 

JohnB., 244 

John Boyd, . . . .176 
John Brattain, . . .122 
John Brattain, . . . 441 

John H., 475 

John P., 288 

JohnPurdy 320 

John S., . " . . . .290 

John S. 281 

John Thomas, . . .492 

JohnV. 142 

John W., 336 

John Weakley, . . .195 
Joseph B., 324 

Joseph E., . . . .125 
Julia Eliza, .... 432 


Kate Emeline, . . . 459 


Laura Gertrude, 
Laura L., . 
Lavinia, . 
Lee, . 

Lee Durbin, 
Leonora, . 

Maggie Jane, 
Maggie R., 












Margaret J., 

Margaret A., 



















1842. Margaret M. E. 

1834. Maria Clark, . 
Maria Louvan, 
Marshall Boggs 
Martha, . 
Martha, . 
Martha E., 

1S14. Martha Jane, 

. Mary, 

1776. Mary, 

. Mary, 

1793. Mary, 

. Mary, 

1813. Mary, 

1791. Mary, 

1870. Mary, 

1875. Marv A., . 

1813. Mary Ann, 

1821. Mary Ann, 

1832. Marv Ann, 

1834. Mary Ann, 

1857. Mary Anna, 

. Mary C, . 

1847. Marv E., . 

1848. Mary Ellen, 
1827. Mary Jane, 
1840. Marv K., . 
1865. Mary Kimball 
1807. Mary Lamb, 
1850. Mary Preston, 

1870. Mercer, . 
1766. Mildred, . 
1776. Milly, 

1871. Milton Bovd 




. Nancy, . 

1808. Nancy, . 
1810. Nancy, . 
1836. Nancy, . 
1875. Nannie J., 
1855. Naomi J., 

. Nathaniel G. 

1849. Newton C, 


1735. Patrick, 
1853. Patterson 
1801. Peggy, 
1827. Peter R., 

. Petrouilla 

1764. Polly, 
1857. Preston 

. Rachel, 

1776. Rachel, 

1791. Rachel, 

1783. Rachel, 

. Rachel, 

1801. Rachel, 

1816. Rachel, 












Rachel, . 
Rachel Ann 
Rachel Arnold 
Rebecca J., 
Rebecca M. 
Rebecca Weakley, 
Richard, . 
Richard, . 
Richard, . 
Richard M. 
Richard Reynolds 
Robert, . 
Robert, . 
Robert, . 
Robert, . 
Robert, . 
Robert, . 
Robert Clark, 
Robert D., 
Robert Gilson 
Robert W., 








SallieS., . 
Sallie Bell, 
Samuel, . 
Samuel A., 
Samuel, . 
Samuel G., 
Samuel L., 
Sarah A.,. 
Sarah Agnes, 
Sarah Marie, 
Sarah Mill, 
S. Judson, 
Susan Phebe, 

Thomas, . 
Thomas, . 
Thomas, . 
Thomas, . 
Thomas, . 
Thomas, . 
Thomas, . 
Thomas, . 
Thomas, . 
Thomas, . 
Thomas, . 
Thomas, . 
Thomas, . 
Thomas B., 
Thomas B., 
Thomas B., 
Thomas B., 
Thomas Brattain, 
Thomas Brown, 
Thomas C, 
Thomas D., 
Thomas G., 



1873. Thomas G., . 
1855. Thomas Moore, 
1830. Thomas P., . 
1773. Thomas Thompson, 






































B., . 
E., . 
Gordon, . 
H., . 
H., . 
I.. . 
J., . 
J., . 
L., . 
Newlin, . 
S., . 
Weakley, . 





Descendants having other names than that of Craighead. The figures before 
the name denote the birth ; those after, the number belonging to the individual. 

1856. Alley, Thomas E., 


1860. Alley, Marcellus M., 


1871. Anderson, James William, . 


1872. Anderson, Hugh Olive, . 


1873. Anderson, Patterson L., 



I860. Boone, William J., . 


1863. Boone, George C, 


1726. Boyd, Margaret, 


1728. Boyd, John, . 


1730. Boyd, Janet, . 


1732. Boyd, Agnes, . 
1738. Boyd, Adam, . 



1740. Boyd, Andrew, 


1745. Boyd, Elizabeth, 


1743. Boyd, Hannah, 


1736. Boyd, Mary, . 


1747. Boyd, Samuel, . 


1734. Boyd, Thomas, 


1844. Brandon, Anderson C. G., 


1841. Brandon, Calvin Knox, . 

. 428 

1839. Brandon, George R., 


1837. Brandon, Gilson C, 


1846. Brandon, James Ray, . 


1833. Brandon, Martha Jane, 


1831. Brandon, Mary Ann, . 


1843. Brandon, Sarah Ellen, . 


1835. Brandon, Wm. Templeton, 


. Buntin, John C, . 


. Buntin, Daniel F. C 



1769. Caldwell, Alexander C. 

1771. Caldwell, Andrew, 
1777. Caldwell, David, 

1772. Caldwell, James E., . 
1780. Caldwell, John W., 
1775. Caldxcell, Martha, 
1786. Caldwell, Robert C, 
1777. Caldwell, Thomas, . 
1767. Caldwell, Samuel C, 

. Connelly, Frances, . 

. Connelly, Mary Ann, 

. Connelly, Margaret, 

. Cooper, Charles R., . 

. Cullen, Elizabeth, . 

. Cullen, James Harvey, 

. Cullen, Jane, . 

. Cullen, Temperance, 

. Dunlap, David, 

. Dunlap, George, 

. Dunlap, Jane, . 

. Dunlap, Nancy, 

. Dunlap, Rachel, 


1861. Ege, Annie G., 

1864. Ege, Charles N., 

1853. Ege, Hetty C, . 

1855. Ege, Laura G., 



















1859. Ege, Richard C. 
1859. Ellis, Alicia, . 
1857. Ellis, Annie, . 
1855. Ellis, Mary, . 

1779. Geddes, Thomas, . 
. Gilson, Margaret A., 

1841. Given, Mary F., 


1866. Hawley, Charles Elvin 
1873. Hawley, Emma C, . 
1875. Hawley, Joseph William 
1868. Hawley, Renzo De Leo 
1870. Hawley, Walter Isaac, 

1867. Hoge, J. Lena, 

1861. Hoge, Marv 0., 

1862. Hoge, Sarah R., 
1859. Hoge, William Edgar, 


1850. Kimball, Arthur V., 
1818. Kimball, Charles H., 

1842. Kimball, Ellen G., . 

1839. Kimball, Ellen Mary, 
1845. Kimball, George H., 
1832. Kimball, Josephine J., 

1840. Kimball, Julia A., . 
1831. Kimball, Richard C, 
1834. Kimball, Thomas S., 
1837. Kimball, William C, 


1868. Marley, Albert, 
1858. Marley, James Leroy, 

1861. Marley, John Gailord, 
1870. Marley, Lovesanna, 
. Miller, Esther, 

. McDowell, Alexander, 

. McDowell, John, 

. McDowell, Patty, . 

. McDowell, Peggy, . 


1858. Orr, Lizzie M., 

1862. Orr, Sarah Yinnie, . 

1809. Park, George C, . 
1806. Park, Samuel, . 

. Porter, Lucy Ann, . 

1849. Preston, David Craighead, 
. Preston, John, . 


1837. Ramsey, Lillie Ann, 
1835. Ramsey, Maggie H., 











1S53. Rowlings, Edmund A. K., 
1861. Raw-lings, Margaret H. M., 
1856. Rowlings, Rutelia. . 
1859. Raidings, Thos. Craighead, 

. Ravnotds, Thomas C, 

1868. Redneld, Hal. Linwood, 
1871. Redfield, M. Forhs, . 



1S45. Thatcher, Catharine K., 

1831. Thatcher, Ellen Jane, 
1833. Thatcher, Emily Hunt, 
1S38. Thatcher, Malinda E., 

1836. Thatcher, Margaret H., 
1840. Thatcher, Sarah Ann E. 
1848. Thatcher, Samuel S., 
1829. Thatcher, William C, 
1844. Trego, Margaret D., 

1844. Trego, Marv E., . 
1846. Trego, Rachel R., . 

1845. Trego, William C, . 


. Watson, Amelia, 

. Watson, Belle, . 

. Watson, Martha, 

. Watson, Nancy, 

. Watson, Rachel, 

1829. While, Eliza Lawson, 
1827. White, John James, 
1871. Wilds, Marv Eleanor, 
1873. Wilds, Willie McCune, 
1765. Wilson, Elizabeth, . 
1816. Wilson, Elizabeth, . 
1S17. Wilson, George, 
1824. Wilson, Henrietta, . 
1769. Wilson, James P., . 

. Wilson, John W., 

1767. Wilson, Margaret, . 

. Wilson, Margaret, . 

1819. Wilson, Marv W., . 
1826. Wilson, Nancy C, . 

. Wilson, Rachel C, . 

1816. Wilson, Samuel C, . 
1772. Wilson, Theodore, . 

. Wilson, Thomas C., . 

. Wilson, William C, 

1837. Woodburn, James S., 

1832. Woodburn, J. H., . 
1839. Woodburn, Rebecca J., 
1S35. Woodburn, Thomas G, 

. Woods, Emma E., . 

. Woods, George C, . 

. Woods, Ida C, . 

. Woods, Margaret R., 

. Woods, Mary Jane, . 

. Woods, Richard, 











Names of persons who have married into the Craighead family. The figures 
before the name denote the date of marriage ; those after, the number belonging 
to the individual -with whom they intermarried. 












Adair, Elizabeth M., 
Anderson, James W. 
Alley, A. K., . 
Allison, Rachel, 
Armstrong, Rutelia, 


Bailey, Fannie E., . 
Baird, Evan H., 
Beck, Lavinia, 
Benson, J. J., . 
Blumenthal, C. E., . 
Boggs, Jane, . 
Boone, James, . 
Boyd, Jenny, . 
Boyd, Adam, Rev., . 
Brattain, Ann, 
Brown, Eliza, . 
Brown, Margaret, . 
Brandon, Mary A., 
Brandon, George S., 
Bunch, Orlena, 
Buntin, W. A., 
Burton, Peter, 

Caldwell, David, Rev., 
Calhoun, Patrick, . 
Carruth, . 

Carmony, Catharine H 
Carmony, Maria E., 
Carter, Rachel A., . 
Clark, Hannah, 
Clymer, Daniel, Rev., 
Cooper, John A., . 
Connelly, Edward, . 
Crawford, Alexander, 
Cullum, John M., . 

1876. Delp, Sallie J., 
1833. Dickerson, Jane, 
1841. Dodds, Rebecca, 
1868. Doss, Eliza C, . 

. Dunlap, Samuel, 

. Dunlap, George, 

1870. Durkin, Maggie R 


1852. Ege, A. G., 
1872. Elder, Jessie F., 




























1860. Elder, Sarah E., . 
1854. Ellis, James, . 
1849. Erwin, Ellen K., . 


1868. Fleming, Martha J., 

1869. Gaar, Hannah A., . 

. Geddes, Thomas, . 

1778. Geddes, William, . 
1842. George, Rebecca, . 

. Gillespie, Jane, 

. Gillespie, Mary, 

1802. Gillespie, Mary, . 

. Gilson, Isabella, 

. Gilson, Margaret, . 

. Gilson, Margaret, . 

1839. Gilson, William, . 
1839. Given, William F., 
1790. Glenn, Frances, 
1820. Goodloe, Mary Hunt, 
1864. Goodwin, Lizzie E., 
1831. Gordon, Maria L., . 


1853. Haines, Emma M., . 
1859. Hall, Eliza, . 
1866. Hawlev, Isaac G., . 
1858. Hoge, D. O., . 

1831. Johnston, Alesanna, 

1850. Johnston, Eliza, . 

1847. Johnston, Tennessee Virg.. 


1830. Kimball, Volney R., . 

Lamb, Jane, . 
Lambkin, Petronilla, 
Laughlin, Catharine G. : 
Lester, F., 

Leidich, Mary Alice, 
— . Lightcap, Solomon, . 
1873. Lilly, John W., 











Mackey James, 
Marley, Lorenzo, 





Matthews, Frances C, 
Miller, John, . 
Moore, Mary Ann, . 
Moore, Sarah Jane, 
McAllister, Mary I., 
McCandlish, John,. 
McClure, Mary A., 
McCollom, Ph'ebe, . 
McDowell, Alexander E 
McGill, Nancy, 
McGill, Nancy, 
McRhee, William, . 

1824. Neill, Elizabeth S., 
1806. Nelson, Temperance, 

1855. Orr, Rev. Franklin, 
1843. Overman, Sarah A., 


Park, James, . 
Patterson, Margaret, 
Phillips, Helen, 

1870. Phillips, Susan, 

1871. Pinkerton, Mary E., 
1852. Porter, James W., . 
. Preston, Jane, 

1845. Preston, Thomas W., 
1829. Purdy, Mary Wallace, 


1834. Ramsey, Col. W. B. A., . 
1852. Rawlings, Thomas K., . 

1846. Raynolds, George, . 
1868. Read, Olivia F., 
1866. Redfield, E. F., 
1841. Reynolds, Lydia L., 

. Richardson, Rev. William, 

1833. Rodery, Sarah, 
1870. Rose, Frances, 







235 . 





1786. Sandys, Samuel, ... 49 

1853. Schenck, Jeannette A., . . 215 
1812. Scott, Alexander, ... 58 

1845. Sheffer, Augusta L., . . 181 

. Shields, Ann, . . . .101 

. Simmons, Dr. R. P., . . 167 

1842. Sloan, Mary J., 214 
1869. Slocum, Lucinda, . . .354 
1840. Smith, Ann Jane, . . .188 
1845. Smith, Helen M., . . .212 
1817. Sterrett, Martha, . . .163 

1843. Sutherland, Sarah Agnes, . 155 
1860. Sweinhart, Johanna, . . 299 

1827. Thatcher, Samuel S., . . 145 

1757. Thompson, Mildred, . . 12 

1842. Thrasher, Harriet, . . 294 

1844. Trego, Major Joseph, . . . 180 

1850. Van Auken, Harriet M., . 198 


1875. Wallick, Marshall, . . .349 

1814. Watson, David, . . .114 
1873. Watterson, Sarah L., . . 348 

1815. Weakley, Hetty, ... 99 
1796. Weakley, Rebecca, . . 96 
1790. White, Agnes, . . .101 

. White, James, . . . 154 

1833. White, Phereby R., . . 125 

1841. White, Sophia Elizabeth, . 156 

1859. White, Susan, . . . .394 

1870. Wilds, Thomas M., . . 307 

. Williams, Rachel F., . . 234 

1764. Wilson, Rev. Matthew, . . 11 
1815. Wilson, Samuel, ... 62 

1812. Wilson, William, . . .115 

1830. Woodburn, Thomas S., . . 180 

. Wood, Dr. Marquis, . . 216 

1866. Woods, John Scott, . . 360 

1865. Wright, Margaret S., . . 321 

■ St; i 


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