A GENEALOGICAL MEMOIR
Rev. Thomas and 1
KEV. JAMES GEDDES CRAIGHEAD, D.D.
PRINTED FOR THE DESCENDANTS.
18 7 6.
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1876,
By JAMES GEDDES CRAIGHEAD,
In the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C.
SHERMAN & CO., PRINTERS.
This Family Kecord has been long contemplated, but
owing to other and pressing engagements the work of pre-
paring it has been delayed. And it is very doubtful if it
would have been undertaken even at this late day, had it not
been for the urgent entreaty of my but recently departed and
sainted mother, a compliance with whose wishes has ever been
my greatest earthly pleasure. In her remarkably retentive
memory were stored many of the principal facts respecting the
first members of the family in this country. These have
formed the basis of the present history, and without these as
a groundwork it would have been almost impossible to have
prepared it. In its compilation I have all along been guided
by the information she furnished, and animated by the con-
sciousness that I was complying with almost her last wishes.
In the prosecution of the work I have consulted a large
number of books, newspapers, and ecclesiastical and court
records; omitting nothing, so far as known, that would throw
any light upon the personal history of the individuals, or the
times in which they lived. The principal volumes examined
were Webster's, Hodge's, and Gillett's histories of the Pres-
byterian Church ; Dr. Davidson's History of the Presbyterian
Church in Kentucky; Howe's History of the Presbyterian
Churches of South Carolina; Foote's Historical Sketches of
Virginia and North Carolina; Sprague's Annals; Keid's
History of the Presbyterian Church of Ireland; Wodrow's
History of the Presbyterian Church of Scotland; Old Bedstone,
by Dr. Smith ; Churches of Cumberland Valley, by Dr. JSevin ;
Alexander's Log College ; History of Upper Octorara from
1720 to 1870 ; Irish and Scotch Settlers in Pennsylvania, by
Chambers ; records of Carlisle and Donegal Presbyteries ;
sketches of the churches of Carlisle Presbytery ; records of
the Presbyterian Church from 1706 to 1788 ; New England
Genealogical Register ; Notes and Queries; Annals of Tennes-
see, by Ramsey ; History of Middle Tennessee, by A. W. Put-
nam ; Day's and Rupp's Historical Collections of Pennsylva-
nia; Gordon's History of Pennsylvania; Howe's Historical
Collections of Virginia and Ohio; Colonicd Records of Penn-
sylvania; Hazard's Pennsylvania Archives; Proud's History
of Pennsylvania; Watson's Annals; Western Missionary Mag-
azine; Cotton Mather's Magnolia; Christian Advocate, by Dr.
Ashbel Green, and Wilson's Historical Almanac.
Moreover, I have corresponded with a large number of per-
sons connected with the family, or who were in possession of
valuable knowledge respecting one or more of its members.
The parties addressed have generally responded, and placed
at my disposal their information, for which kindly and valu-
able assistance I here tender them my thanks.
I have endeavored in every case to give the births, mar-
riages, and deaths of all descendants, and with all possible
accuracy. I have not always succeeded, since a very few
persons, for reasons satisfactory to themselves, have withheld
the dates of their own and their children's births. The dates
and incidents thus obtained I have given in the book, ever hav-
ing a strict regard to their authenticity. But, after the most
honest and persistent endeavors to obtain correct and full
information on all points, I am conscious that from the very
nature of the case the Record is by no means perfect. Many
facts and incidents might yet be gathered, and possible errors,
arising from different and conflicting dates and data, be cor-
rected ; and if those who may discover either errors or omis-
sions will report them to me, I will enter them in a copy of
the book, for the benefit of survivors, and place it in the library
of the Presbyterian Historical Society.
I hope that, hereafter, some member of the family, with
more time and better opportunities than the writer has had
at his command, will not only supply what may be found
lacking, but will write a much fuller history of the family in
all its branches. In that event I will be well content to have
this brief work serve but as an introduction.
The name Craighead is unmistakably Scotch in its origin;
Craig or Crag signifying in Scotland any rock}^ localit}\
Craig: "A parish in Forfarshire, and an estate in Perth-
shire. As a topographical expression, Craig has the same
meaning as Carrick. The southern district of Ayrshire is so
called." (Patronymica Britannica.) Craighead: A place in
the parish of Dailly, County Ayr. [New England Historical
and Genealogical Begistcr.) The original emigrant to this
country wrote his name Craghead ; and we find it written
occasionally, in early records, Creaghead, an evident error.
It has been written for the last three generations, almost in-
The Appendix contains notices of a few persons related Iry
marriage to the family, and some matter that could not prop-
erly be introduced into the body of the book.
This volume, the result of no small labor and expense, I
commit to those for whom it was written — the members of the
family, who alone can have any special interest in it, and for
whose perusal and satisfaction it is only designed. And if it
shall be the means of promoting a better acquaintance between
the different branches of the family, and of extending their
knowledge of the virtues of their ancestors ; especially if it
shall stimulate them to imitate their good examples, and to
strive after higher attainments in learning, virtue, and piety ;
I shall be amply rewarded for my labor, and I shall feel an
increased pleasure and pride in being a member of a family
which, on this as well as on the other side of the Atlantic,
has done something for its own honor, for the spiritual wel-
fare of the people, and for religious and civil liberty in the
In arranging a family history, very much depends on the
method employed. Before deciding on the one here adopted,
many similar books were examined. The following plan, over
all others, combines simplicity, clearness, and conciseness.
By placing the materials in their present form, commencing
with Rev. Thomas Craighead (from whom all the Craigheads
in this country have descended), each person will be able, by
means of the indexes and numerals, readily to trace their line
Rev. Thomas Craighead is the first generation, his children
the second, and his grandchildren the third, and so on. They
are numbered in order on the left hand of the page, before the
name of each individual in the genealogical series. When a
woman's name occurs thus : Ann Brattain Craighead, the
reader will understand that the name italicized is her original
or maiden name, and the name following, the one acquired by
marriage. When a daughter marries, and thus loses her
maiden name, an account is only given of her children. This
branch of the family then drops out of the history.
A full index is given of the Christian names of all whose
surname is Craighead, the number of the individual being in
the right-hand column, and the date of birth, when ascer-
tained, on the left; also an index of descendants bearing
other names than Craighead, with names and dates to corre-
spond ; and also a list of those who have married into the
family, with the numbers of their respective partners in the
right-hand column, and the date of marriage on the left.
To find an individual recorded in this volume : suppose his
name to be David Craighead, who married Mary Hunt Good-
loe. There are six David Craigheads in the book. This David
Craighead was born 1790. Find the name of David among
the Christian names of the Craighead's in Index I, preceded
by 1790, the year of his birth, which is followed by 66, his
number. The number 66 will at once direct to page 74, where
his name is found on the thirteenth line from the top of the
page. You notice that David Craighead (66) was the son of
Rev. Thomas B. Craighead, above whose name at the begin-
ning of his sketch (p. 60), and in the middle of the page, you
find 15 in heavy type. This directs to 15 in the consecutive
numbering on the left hand of page 51, where j^ou find that
Rev. Thomas B. Craighead was the son of Rev. Alexander
Craighead (4), page 41, who, } t ou will perceive, was the son
of Rev. Thomas Craighead (1), the first emigrant. In like
manner you can trace any one to the original emigrant, Rev.
We would baYe preferred that this work and labor of
loYe bad been undertaken by some other person, with
more time and a wider range of material at command.
The fear that it would not be done at all, is the chief
reason that has induced this attempt to gather up the
fragments of family history which follow; a histoiy re-
plete with interest to the descendants of those noble
sires, whose piety and patriotism have shed an equal
lustre upon the Church and State. We were desirous
too, to know more of our fathers who, under God, did so
great a work for humanity and religion beyond the ocean,
and who have had so large a share in moulding the re-
ligious, social, and political institutions of the " Xew
World." We, therefore, offer in this sketch, and as our
tribute of interest and love, whatever of fact we have
gleaned from the field of history, and whatever of inci-
dent and tradition we have rescued from the oblivion
which surely and speedily follows unwritten recollections.
Our ancestry were originally from Scotland, but re-
moved at an early day to the north of Ireland ; and hence
belong more properly to that branch of the Scotch known
in this countiy as the Scotch-Irish. The object of their
removal, so far as histoiy informs us, was to help estab-
lish in that country a pure religion. At this period the na-
tive inhabitants were poor, uneducated, superstitious, and
oppressed, the facile tools of their superiors in Church and
10 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
State. The exactions of the Romish clergy were un-
sparing, and "enforced by eveiy form of fraud and vio-
lence, in the shape of tithes, pecuniary penances, indul-
gences, and fees for all official acts." Moved by this sad
state of things, the Church of Scotland encouraged many
of its clergy and laity to emigrate to Ireland. These
at once began the work of evangelizing the people. In
these efforts, the first of our ancestors of whom we have
any authentic record, bore an honorable part in connec-
tion with the Presbyterian Church.
In order, therefore, to form a just estimate of their
character, spirit, and influence, it is essential to review
some of the prominent events in the history of the Irish
Presbyterian Church. For, the many impressive lessons
of Romish intolerance and prelatical persecution which
our fathers were taught in Ireland made them the invin-
cible friends of civil and religious liberty ; and, by the
hardships they had there to undergo, they were prepared
to surmount the difficulties and perils of their new home
in this western wilderness, and to lay broad and deep the
foundations of our political and religious institutions.
The first attempt to introduce the Reformation in Ire-
land was due to the anti-papal policy of Henry VIII,
who sought to subject the Irish prelates to his control.
George Brown, consecrated Archbishop of Dublin, 1535,
was his chief agent. Armed with the ro} T al commission,
he demanded of the principal nobility and clergy the
acknowledgment of the king's supremacy. This was met
with prompt and vigorous opposition. The question was
carried in the Irish Parliament with extreme difficulty ;
and, the order sent from England to remove the images
and relics from the churches of Dublin, was evaded under
the eyes of the Archbishop himself. So that, at the
death of the king, the Reformation had not been accepted
FAMILY HISTORY. 11
by the people or the lower clerg} T , as in England and
Even the reign of Edward the TI accomplished but
little for the Reform in Ireland. The new liturgy, which
was used for the first time in 1551, and which was artfully
represented to the people as a mere translation of the
Romish service, was adopted by only four of the prelates,
and was received by but few of their suffragans. The slow
progress of the truth was owing not only to the want of
reformed preachers, even in the metropolis, but also to
the deficient zeal of those engaged in promoting the Ref-
ormation. At last some new life was infused into the
movement, when Cranmer persuaded Hugh Goodacre and
John Bale to expatriate themselves, in order that they
might preach the Gospel to the destitute people of Ire-
land. The former was raised to the see of Armagh, but
was poisoned at Dublin, "by procurement of certain
priests of his diocese ;" the latter was Bishop of Ossory,
was learned, pious, energetic, and fearless, and, for his
boldness in exposing the errors of Popery, had been twice
imprisoned in England. Released by Lord Cromwell,
he fled to the Continent after the death of his patron,
where for eight years he enjoyed the intimate friendship
of Luther, Calvin, and other distinguished Reformers.
His study of the Genevan discipline so modified his ec-
clesiastical views, however, that when he returned to Ire-
land, at the accession of Elizabeth, nothing could induce
him to accept a bishopric.
Very little progress, in fact, was made in establishing
Protestantism in Ireland, until the accession of James I
to the English throne. All efforts to introduce a purer re-
ligion were resisted by the parish priests, and the Reform
was not accepted by the people generally. Consequently
when Queen Mary came into power, all that was nece?-
12 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
sary to restore papal supremacy, was a mere proclama-
tion. Even under Elizabeth, though Parliament again
abolished Popery, legalized the Reformation, and ordered
the pra^yer-book to be restored, the masses continued hos-
tile to Protestantism, and were described as "not one
among a hundred knowing any ground of religion or any
article of faith."
But with James I, a new era dawned. The natives were
admitted to the privileges of subjects, titles to estates
were secured, and justice administered to all classes.
The forfeited lands of Irish lords were colonized by Eng-
lish and Scotch settlers, and ample provision was made
for the support of the bishops and clerg} T , and the build-
ing and repairing of churches. The sees were filled with
Protestant prelates, and a convocation of the clergy met
in Dublin, 1615, which drew up a Confession of Faith for
the Irish Church. Its articles were Calvinistic in doc-
trine, and very moderate as to government and disci-
pline, showing clearly the influence of the Scotch and
Non-conformist elements in its construction. The design
was to embrace in its communion all faithful ministers of
the Gospel, and not a few, both from England and Scot-
land, availed themselves of its liberal provisions.
These pioneer laborers were received kindly by the
bishops, and ordained to their work. Their labors were
soon followed by a great revival of religion, which ex-
tended over the greater part of the north of Ireland. In-
telligence of this state of things reached Scotland, and
soon other valuable helpers came over to assist them.
Having libert} r to maintain the Presbyterian discipline,
elders and deacons were chosen b}~ the churches, and ses-
sions were constituted. The spirit of the revival con-
tinued, and a marked change was apparent in the char-
acter of the people.
FAMILY HISTORY. 13
The Bishops, however, soon became jealous of the suc-
cess of the Presbyterian ministers, and began to perse-
cute them. Several were suspended and silenced, while
the rigid imposition of Episcopal forms, no longer allowed
any of them freedom of conscience. These things turned
the attention of large numbers of both the clergy and
people to America, and a band of emigrants set sail,
1635, in the Eagle Wing. But contrary winds at first,
and afterwards a severe storm, induced them to return to
Ireland. God's time for planting this precious seed in
the Xew World had not yet come.
But there was no rest for them in Ireland. Xew meas-
ures of persecution were adopted. The "Black" oath*
was devised, and all Scotch residents in Ulster over six-
teen 3'ears were obliged to take it. Those who refused,
were punished with the highest penalties short of death.
Some were fined, some cast into dungeons, while others
fled to caves and forests, or made their escape to Scotland.
Partial and temporary relief was experienced in 1640,
when the English Parliament impeached the Earl of Straf-
ford ; and then, in answer to the petition of Xorthern
Presbyterians, it redressed certain of their more serious
grievances. They were not permitted, however, to remain
long quiet, and to do their appointed work. The terri-
ble Popish rebellion of 1641 soon followed, when the cry
of the rebels was, " Spare neither man, woman, nor child.
The English are meat for dogs ; let not a drop of English
blood be left within the kingdom." The sufferings of the
Protestants, and especially of the ministers, were fearful.
Storehouses land provisions were destroyed. Famine en-
sued, and pestilence followed in its track.
At length the Parliament of Scotland came to the aid
of Ireland, and voted 3000 stand of arms and 10,000 men
* It bound the juror never to oppose any of the King's commands.
14 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
to put down the rebellion. After some months' delay,
and several severe conflicts, the war was brought to a
close ; and, with the cessation of hostilities, religion was
again speedily established. The Irish establishment was
overthrown, and upon its ruin speedily arose the simpler
and better fabric of Presbyterianism. Most effectually
had the rebellion silenced the oppressors of the Presby-
terians. The return to their former homes of large num-
bers of the original Scotch settlers, gave them the as-
cendenc3 T . Chaplains of the Scotch regiments, who had
helped to subdue the rebellion, were induced in many
cases to remain, and their officers were ordained and
served as elders of the newly constituted churches. It
was in this way that the first regular Presbyteiy, consist-
ing of five ministers and four ruling elders, was formed
June 10th, 1642, in Ireland. Churches from this date were
rapidly multiplied, additional ministers were induced to
come over from Scotland, and many of the Episcopal
clergy joined the Presbyteiy. In the meantime the West-
minster Assembly met, and gave to Presbyterians, through-
out the three kingdoms, a common Confession of Faith.
This state of things continued up to the time of the
execution of the King, in 1649. The Irish Presbyte-
rians, whilst reluctant to recognize the authorit}- of the
usurper, were not disposed to take any decided stand in
favor of Charles II. Cromwell's course was generallj-
judicious. He was ever ready to listen to any proposals
for the spread of Protestant truth, and was careful to
secure to all the libert} T of worship. His accession to
power brought relief to such of the clerg} T as had become
obnoxious to the political authorities for refusing to take
the engagement oath.* Ministers now were left unmolested
to pursue their calling. Churches revived, and within a
* The oath framed by Parliament requiring submission to its
authority, " without a King or House of Lords."
FAMILY HISTORY. 15
few j*ears the Presbyter} 7 numbered eighty members. The
order of the Church of Scotland was faithfully observed;
and, in this period of uninterrupted prosperity, the Irish
Presbyterian Church was established on a lasting and
But another dark cloud gathered over Ulster when
Charles II ascended the throne, and re-established the
Episcopal Church in Ireland. His bigoted and intolerant
Bishops, Bramhall and Leslie, adopted every possible
measure to crush out the Presbyterians. A proclama-
tion was issued forbidding all unlawful assemblies, and
directing the sheriffs to disperse them. This was in-
tended to prevent the meeting, both of Congregations and
Presbyteries. All remonstrances were fruitless. The
Bishops were resolved to expose the Presb}*terians to all
the penalties the law could inflict, if the}* refused to con-
form. The result was that, in Ulster alone, sixt}*-one
ministers were deposed and ejected from their parishes,
and curates sent to take possession of their churches.
The trials and hardships endured by these clergymen
were extreme, but they were bravely endured.
Among these sufferers was Rev. Robert Craighead, one
of the immortal thirteen ministers that constituted the
Presbytery of Lagan. He was a Scotchman, the father
of Rev. Thomas Craighead, who, in 1715 came to New
England. His removal to Ireland was not later than
1657 or 1658, for in that }*ear he commenced his min-
istry at Donoughmore, where he was pastor for thirty
3 T ears. Of the influence exerted by these exiled min-
isters, Reid, in his history of the Irish Presbyterian
Church, thus speaks : " These ministers enjoyed the
painful though honorable pre-eminence of being the first
to suffer in the three kingdoms. Thej* are, therefore,
eminently entitled to the admiration and gratitude of
posterity. The}* set an example of fortitude and integrity
16 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
which prepared and encouraged their brethren in the
sister kingdoms to act with similar magnanimity ; and thus
conjointly exhibited to the world a convincing and in-
structive proof of the power of religion and of conscience,
unparalleled in the annals of the Church's history. Pres-
byterianism in Ulster is indebted for its existence to
Mr. Craighead removed, in 1689, to Londonderry, and
was pastor there at the time its gates were closed against
the army of King James. Escaping during the memor-
able siege, he made his way to Glasgow, where a part of
his family had preceded him, and were residing. His
reception by the public authorities, as well as by his
brethren in the Church of Scotland, was so spontaneous
and cordial that, on subsequently publishing a volume
entitled Advice to Communicants for Necessary Prepa-
ration and Improvement of the Lord's Supper, he dedi-
cated it to the Lord Provost, the Bailiffs, the Deacon
Convener, and the inhabitants of Glasgow.
Presbyterian ministers still continued to be subjected
to the most unrelenting persecutions. An act was passed
for burning the Solemn League and Covenant, and bon-
fires were kindled for this purpose in all the cities and
towns. Parliament adopted a declaration forbidding any
person to preach in Ireland unless they conformed ; and
the Lords Justices issued a proclamation, at the instiga-
tion of the Bishops, in which the}?' declared that no further
indulgence would be granted non-conformists b} T the state.
The severity of these and other penal statutes was so
far relaxed for a time, under the administration of the
Duke of Ormond, that Presbyterian ministers began to
preach publicly in barns, administer the sacraments at
night, and finally ventured to build "preaching-houses."
Their old congregations again gathered to hear them, so
FAMILY HISTORY. 17
that we find, in 1669, the Church was enjoj-ing a certain
degree of freedom and prosperity. The fidelity of the
ministers and the loyal conduct of the members, won the
favor of the King. As an expression of his approval he
gave to the ministers of Ulster a yearly pension of £600,
which, owing to their extreme poverty, they accepted
with grateful feelings. Subsequently their loyalty was
distrusted, and the oath of supremacy was exacted with
great rigor. The soldiers of Lagan, mostly Presby-
terians, refused to take it; while some ministers were in-
dicted, convicted, and fined for holding a fast which was
alleged to be illegal. Presbyterian meeting-houses were
closed, and public worship interdicted. Other harassing
restrictions were continued. So deplorable was the con-
dition of the people in the Counties of Deny and Done-
gal, in 1684, that the greater number of the ministers of
the Presbyterj T of Lagan expressed their intention to re-
move to America. From this purpose the}' were only
dissuaded, by the opportune death of Charles II.
The first acts of James II, with reference to Ireland,
were to restore the Papac\', though he attempted to veil
his design b} T publishing his famous declaration for
liberty of conscience, and b} 7 suspending the execution
of all penal laws for religious offences. He placed the
army in the hands of Romanists; he filled all the chief
civil offices and the new corporations of towns with
Papists ; pensions were granted to Roman prelates, and
the tithes given to the clergy of that church; and dispen-
sations were bestowed upon those who would renounce
Protestantism. The Romanists were exultant and trium-
phant, while all classes of Protestants regarded the King
as their common foe.
Under these circumstances it needed but a spark to
ignite the passions of a whole people. This was found
18 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
in a letter dropped in the streets of Comber, warning an
Irish earl of a general massacre of the Protestants on the
following Sunday. Letters of similar purport were ad-
dressed to others, so that fearful apprehensions were
everywhere awakened. The memory of the horrid scenes
of 1641 was yet fresh in the minds of all. The alarming
intelligence spread very rapidly. On every side the
Protestants armed, and stood prepared for any emer-
gency. Happily, no massacre was attempted, but the
popular fear led to the adoption of a measure which had
a most important bearing upon the interests of the three
kingdoms. This was the closing of the gates of Ennis-
killen and Derry against the half-civilized Irish troops.
The fate of the empire turned upon the siege of Derry.
Its Bishop, Hopkins, though Puritan in doctrine, was a
non-resistant, and strongly advised against closing the
gates. But Presbyterian zeal could not be restrained.
Several young men, by the advice of Rev. James Gordon,
took forcible possession of the keys, and closed the gates
against the Earl of Antrim's "red shanks." This saved
Deny to the Protestants, and put an effectual barrier be-
tween the victorious armies of James, and the contem-
plated invasion of Scotland.
The siege was commenced with an energy and a com-
mand of resources, that promised a speedy reduction.
But the brave garrison were resolved to perish rather
than surrender ; and the valor and heroic endurance
which they exhibited, have passed into one of the most
thrilling and important chapters of history. But we will
not dwell upon the terrible sufferings which were en-
dured by the inhabitants of the city, during the one hun-
dred and five da} T s they were confined within its walls,
until at the urgent entreat}' of Rev. James Gordon, Kirk
was induced to attempt its relief, and the Mountjoy and
FAMILY HISTORY. 19
Phoenix finally reached the qua}~s of Deny, and thus
raised the siege.
Thus the arbitrary counsels of James II were defeated.
The crown was secured to William of Orange, and the
liberties of the empire were established on a firm, con-
During this warfare in Ulster, public worship was almost
wholly suspended. The Presbyterian ministers were
especially obnoxious to the insurgents, and were forced
to flee. Most of these, with a large proportion of the
members of their congregations, found a welcome in
Scotland. Their numbers were so great in Glasgow, that
the Presbyterian churches were insufficient to accommo-
date them. The Inner High Church and the Tron Church,
deserted churches of the establishment, were set apart
for their use, and Rev. Robert Craighead, of Deny, and
Rev. Thomas Kennedy, of Donoughmore, were appointed
as regular preachers. These brethren were allowed the
privilege of members in the Presbytery of Glasgow, and
so acceptable and useful were their services, that a peti-
tion was presented to the Irish ministers to permit them
to continue their labors in the city. But with the close
of the war most of the clergy, and these ministers among
them, returned to their parishes, and their congrega-
tions once more gathered around them. And when
King William landed in Ireland he found the Presby-
terians not only lo}'al, but entitled to his warm gratitude,
for the zeal they had shown in his behalf and in the cause
of constitutional freedom.
The laws against dissenters were still in force, but
owing to the known views of the King in favor of tolera-
tion, they were for a brief period not enforced. But
scarcely had the impending danger been removed, when
a renewal of unfriendly feelings was displayed on the
20 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
part of Episcopalians against Presb3 T terians. This, how-
ever, was in opposition to the policy and wishes of
William. He secured from the English Parliament the
abolition of the oath of supremacy, which had been in
force in Ireland since the reign of Elizabeth. As no
Sacramental Test existed in Ireland, this would have
opened all public employments, civil and militaiy, to Pres-
b3 T terians. But the influence of the Bishops in the House
of Lords defeated eveiy attempt to legalize the public
worship of Presbyterians, unless the Sacramental Test
should be also imposed. The vexations and disabilities
to which they were subjected, became still more oppres-
sive upon the accession of a Tory ministry in England,
and the ascendency of the High Church party. The
Bishops were jealous of the growing influence of the Pres-
byterian clergy, and, as they could no longer visit upon
them the penalties of the statutes, they had resort to the
press. Dr. William King, Bishop of Derry, published a
controversial pamphlet, entitled a Discourse on the In-
ventions of Man in the Worship of God. in which he
maintained that the Presbyterian worship was unlawful
and unscriptural ; that the people were very inadequately
instructed by their ministers in the principles of religion;
that the Scriptures were scarcely ever read in their re-
ligious assemblies; that few attended public worship, and
that the Lord's Supper was generally neglected. This
called forth two antagonists, Rev. Robert Craighead, "a
venerable minister of Derry," and Rev. Robert Boyse, of
Dublin, "a still more able and accomplished polemic."
Bishop King replied in an "Admonition," in 1694, to
which Mr. Bo}*se rejoined, which was followed by a sec-
ond admonition from the Bishop, which was answered by
The latter also replied, in 1710, to a challenge sent by
FAMILY HISTORY. 21
Rev. John Campbell, an Episcopal clergyman residing
near Antrim, to Presbyterian ministers to produce a
warrant from Scripture for Presbyters ordaining or
ruling without a bishop. In addition to his other works
already mentioned, Mr. Craighead published a volume
entitled Advice for Assurance of Salvation, a sequel
to the work issued in Glasgow, 1695 ; and another in Bel-
fast, under the title Walking with God, Explained by
Scripture Rule and Pattern, and Proved to be the Duty of
all to Endeavor to it. These works on experimental and
practical religion were of much value in their da} r , and
by means of them Mr. Craighead extended his useful-
ness even to old age. He died respected and beloved in
Deny in 1711.
His son, Rev. Robert Craighead, Jr., was born in
Derry, 1684, was educated at the University of Glasgow,
and studied divinity at Edinburgh and Leyden. He was
ordained in Dublin, 1709, and settled in a joint pastorate
with Rev. Mr. Iredell over the Capel Street congrega-
tion, Dublin. Here he remained until his death, 1738,
an honored and trusted minister of the Irish Presb}--
He was Moderator of the Irish Synod in 1719, at the
time when that body was fiercely agitated by discussions
concerning the Deity of Christ, and the propriety of re-
quiring licentiates and ministers to subscribe to the
Westminster Confession of Faith. In his sermon, 1720,
which is described as "one of earnestness and eloquence,"
though positive and decided in the expression of his
views on the Divinity of Christ and the doctrine of the
Trinity, he favored moderation towards his brethren who
had scruples about subscription to the Confession, or to
any human creed whatever.
Owing to the large emigration of Presbyterians from
22 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
Ireland to America, on account of the disabilities they
suffered, the Lords Justices inquired of Messrs. Iredell
and Craighead the cause of it. They corresponded with
the northern Presbyteries, and embodied their answers
in a memorial which the}* addressed to the Justices.
The Archbishop in transmitting this memorial to the
Lord Lieutenant, then in England, denied its represen-
tations. The ministers sent Mr. Craighead to London
for the purpose of still further explaining the memorial,
and to settle some matters connected with the Royal
Bounty. He was introduced and recommended by Pri-
mate Boulter to Sir Robert Walpole, and succeeded in
arranging respecting the Bounty, but failed to have the
civil grievances removed. He was commissioned by the
Synod, two years afterwards, 1731, to go to London and
urge the repeal of the Sacramental Test. Though he
met with a favorable reception, and for a time it was sup-
posed the object was gained, all their hopes were dis-
We will not trace farther the history of the efforts of
Irish Presb^'terians to secure a legal toleration. We
have called attention to it for the purpose of showing
what they suffered for conscience sake, and how they
were educated and disciplined in God's providence, and
thus prepared for the great work He designed to accom-
plish by them in the Xew World.
It was not until H80 that the Test Act was repealed,
and it was two years later when marriages solemnized
by Presbyterians, were pronounced valid. Temporary
relief was secured for short periods, but the hardships of
intolerance were ever recurring. Against all these dis-
advantages and evils the Presbyterians of Ireland were
forced to contend; but, in the face of all these difficulties
FAMILY HISTORY. 23
and discouragements, the Church advanced in numbers
One of the most serious obstacles to its growth at this
period was the prevalent disposition to emigrate to
America. When the Lord Lieutenant reached Dublin in
1713 several of the'ministers laid before him their griev-
ances. They complained especially of the Sacramental
Test, and assured him that "their melancholy apprehen-
sions have put several of us upon thoughts of transplant-
ing ourselves into America, that we may there in the
wilderness enjo3 r , by the blessing of God, that ease and
quiet to our consciences, persons, and families, which is
denied us in our native countiy." But it was in vain
that they petitioned for relief, and from this time the
tide of emigration to America fairly commenced. A
minister of Ulster, writing to a friend in Scotland, in
1718, laments the desolation occasioned in that region
"by the removal of several of our brethren to the Ameri-
can plantations. Not less than six ministers have de-
mitted their congregations, and great numbers of the
people go with them." Ten years later Archbishop
Boulter wrote to the English Secretary of State respect-
ing the extensive emigration to America : "The humor
has spread like a contagious distemper; and the worst is
that it affects onl} T Protestants, and reigns chiefly in the
About the same time we find James Logan, the Presi-
dent of the Proprietary Council of Pennsylvania, who
had identified himself with the Quakers, and was prej-
udiced against the emigrants from Ireland, expressing
"the common fear that if they (the Scotch-Irish) con-
tinue to come, they will make themselves proprietors of
the province." He further, in 1729, expresses "himself
glad to find that the Parliament is about to take measures
24 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
to prevent their too free emigration to this country. It
looks as if Ireland is to send all her inhabitants hither ;
for last week not less than six ships arrived, and every
day two or three arrive also." Dr. Baird, in his history
of Religion in America states that, "from 1729 to 1750,
about 12,000 annually came from Ulster to America."
These emigrants landed at the ports of Boston, Phila-
delphia, and Charleston. Comparatively few entered the
country by way of New England. Those that did so,
settled mainty in New Hampshire ; while others found
their way to Pennsylvania, and helped swell the tide
which was pouring into this State by way of Philadelphia.
These Irish settlers occupied the eastern and middle
Counties bordering on the wilderness still occupied b}'
the Indians. Such as landed at Charleston, located them-
selves on the fertile lands of North and South Carolina
and Georgia, The settlers in Pennsylvania afterwards
turned southward through the valley of Virginia, till,
" meeting those extending northward from the Carolinas,
the emigration passed westward to the country then
called ' beyond the mountains,' now known as Kentucky
and Tennessee." At a later period Western Pennsylva-
nia was occupied by the descendants of the settlers in
the middle counties of the State, with Pittsburg as a
centre. From these points of radiation the Scotch-Irish
have extended to all parts of the country, and being an
intelligent, resolute, and energetic people, have left their
name and mark in every State of the Union.
With scarcely an exception these Scotch and Irish set-
tlers were Protestants, and connected with the Presby-
terian Church. Wherever the}* formed a settlement,
they were not more prompt to erect houses in which to
live, than to organize congregations for Christian wor-
ship. The Westminster Confession of Faith, with its
FAMILY HISTORY. 25
Catechisms and its Directory of Worship, was endeared
to them by 3 T ears of trial and persecution abroad ; and the
doctrines and the polity of the Presbyterian Church they
were resolved to maintain for themselves and for their
children. They had fled from civil oppression and relig-
ious tyrann} r , incited by Episcopalians and Romanists,
and in their new homes they were zealous in maintaining
an ecclesiastical organization, which they reverenced as
the offspring of religious liberty.
Their youth, at this early period, " were generally edu-
cated at home, and under parental instruction, and
trained to obedience and subordination, as the unbending
law of the family. The schools established by Presby-
terian ministers, confirmed and extended the home edu-
cation. The impress of such instrumentalities was not
only manifested in the families of church members, but
by association and influence extended beyond the pale
of organized congregations ; and their tendency was to
reform and elevate public sentiment and morals, as well
as the habits and manners of the people."*
" The mass of these emigrants were men of intelli-
gence, resolution, energy, religious, and moral character,
having means that enabled them to supply themselves
with suitable selections of land, on which they made
permanent homes for their families, "f and from which
the}^ derived an ample support. By their own enterprise
and industry they hewed out for themselves valuable farms
from the primeval forest ; and the toils, sacrifices, and
perils, incident to their life in the New World, formed in
both men and women the characters which were requisite
to endure the hardships and dangers of their frontier
situation. These traits of character were manifest also in
* Chambers, 160. f Chambers, 145.
26 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
their descendants. Brought up under such training and
education, they have since been " the pioneers and
founders of settlements in the northwestern territory and
the States formed out of it, and have been amongst the
most prominent, useful, and distinguished citizens of the
Republic."* " They were a God-fearing, liberty-loving,
tyrant-hating, Sabbath-keeping, covenant-adhering race;
trained by trials, made resolute by oppression, governed
by conscience, and destined to achieve a mission and
place in the history of the Church and the race."f
This large and valuable emigration from Ireland and
Scotland, gave a sudden impulse to the growth of the
Presbj T terian Church in this countiy. It was no very
unusual thing for the pastor, when he landed on our
shores, to be accompanied with nearly his entire flock.
Thus they brought with them the framework of Christian
institutions, and gave bone and muscle at once to the
Church and to society. Of the early ministers a very large
proportion were from the Irish Church. Francis Make-
mie (1632) was a member of Lagan Presbyteiy. George
McNish (1705) was from Ulster. John Henry (1709) was
ordained by the Presbytery of Dublin. John Mackey was
from Ireland. Samuel Young, of New Castle Presbyter}',
belonged originally to the Presbyteiy of Armagh. Rob-
ert Cross, Alexander Hutcheson, Thomas Craighead,
Joseph Houston, Adam Boj'd, John Wilson, and many
other useful and honored ministers, were accessions to
the ministry of the Presbyterian Church in this country
previous to 1730. And from this period the number who
came was continually on the increase.
We have glanced also at the circumstances and influ-
ences, in connection with which, these ministers and their
* Chambers, 148. f Kiddle.
FAMILY HISTORY. 27
people bad received their training. Descended originally
from a Scottish ancestry, they had been made to know
and feel the cruelty of Romanism and the persecuting
spirit of the Established Church ; they had learned to
prize their own simple forms of worship, and their sum-
mary of sound doctrine ; nor could the terrors or the bribes
of power seduce them from their loyalty to the Church,
at once of their convictions and affections. Nothing
could alienate their hearts from the faith and discipline
which they regarded as most nearly accordant with the
Word of God.
Inspired by such feelings and memories, and with un-
swerving loyalty to the Scriptures, the Scotch-Irish emi-
grants were just the material needed to give consistenc}'
and endurance to a free Presbyterian system, consisting
of diverse and not always homogeneous elements. Adher-
ing, perhaps too strongly, to the jure divino system, and
perhaps hardly able to do full justice to that independency
which had met them in Ireland in a persecuting and op-
pressive form, they had that aversion to Episcopal cere-
monial and Romish corruptions which could have been
produced only in circumstances of actual conflict, and
which gave in a large degree to the Presbyterian
Church, on these western shores, its emphatically Prot-
estant leanings and Anti-Prelatical spirit. Of all the
elements which entered into the structure of the Presby-
terian Church in this country, none can be named of more
sterling worth, more ardent piety, more intelligent adhe-
sion to their avowed principles and system of faith and
order, than the emigrants of the Irish Presbyterian
Nor would it be difficult to prove to the satisfaction of
all sincere inquirers after truth, that we are indebted to
these same men " for the germs of our civil liberties and
28 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
institutions, as really as for our own noble system of faith
and order."* As might be expected from their ante-
cedents and providential training, they were ardent lovers,
and strong defenders of civil liberty. They hated tyranny
with almost "perfect hatred." They had received a dis-
cipline that could never be lost, and of all the memories
of childhood none could remain more fresh and impres-
sive, "than those received from the lips of parents num-
bered among the heroic champions of freedom at Deny
and Enniskillen." And the earliest Scotch-Irish emi-
grants to America were men who had been participants,
or children of those who were participants, in the terrible
drama which closed with the battle of the Boyne. Ac-
cordingly we find that these men were among the earliest
champions of freedom, and the most earnest and persist-
ent defenders of the rights of the people, as against the
unjust exactions of the British government. No less an
authority than the historian Bancroft states that, " The
first public voice in America for dissolving all connection
with Great Britain came not from the Puritans of New
England, the Dutch of New York, nor the planters of
Virginia, but from Scotch-Irish Presbyterians.''''
A single illustration of 'the spirit and resolution of this
class of our citizens during the war for independence, is
all that can be here given. And we will be pardoned if
we derive our facts from the history of Cumberland
County, Pennsylvania — a County in which the writer was
born, and with which he is consequently familiar.
The freemen of this County were among the veiy first
to conclude "that the safety and welfare of the Colonies
did render separation from the mother country neces-
sary." The first public expression of that sentiment,
FAMILY HISTORY. 29
embodied in a memorial to the Assembly of the Province,
may be seen in the national archives.* This memorial
was presented to the Assembly on the 28th of May, 1776,
and was designed, besides expressing the present con-
victions of the people under new and changed circum-
stances, to withdraw previous instructions given in 1775
to their delegates, wherein they had expressed their dis-
sent to any proposition looking towards dissolving their
relations to the home government. This memorial was
considered by the Assembly, instructions in conformity
to it reported, adopted, and signed, June 14th, by the
speaker. It bears evidence that the people of the County-
were in advance of their representatives in the Assem-
bly, and in Congress.
The spirit that led to this declaration of Independence
did not evaporate in memorials and resolutions. We
will see that these brave words were followed by equally
brave deeds, when the call was made upon them to meet
the enemies of their country. The news of the battle of
Lexington, April 19th, 1775, was conveyed to this distant
frontier province by the post horse (the swiftest means
of intelligence at the time), and immediately aroused the
patriotic indignation and fervor of the inhabitants.
Military associations were speedily formed for the pro-
tection of their imperilled rights. Thousands of freemen
throughout the State rallied to the national defence.
The American Archives^ contains a letter from Carlisle,
under date of May 6th, 1775, which states that on the
5th "the County Committee met from nineteen town-
ships on the short notice they had. Above three thou-
sand men have already associated, the arms returned
* Amer. Archives, 4th series, vol. 5, p. 850.
f Vol. 2, p. 516.
30 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
amounted to about fifteen hundred. The committee have
voted five hundred effective men, besides commissioned
officers, to be immediately drafted, taken into pay, armed,
and disciplined, to march on the first emergency, to be
paid and supported as long as necessary, by a tax on all
estates, real and personal, in the County." In a very
short time, the inflexible purpose of these men was
evinced, by a number of companies marching to join the
army under Washington in the siege of Boston.
Such had been the depletion of the American army
during the first year of the war, that a call was made upon
Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland to furnish 10,000
men to constitute a flying camp for the protection of those
parts of the country, especially exposed to pillage by the
enemy. What response was given to this appeal we learn
from letters sent by the County Committee to the Presi-
dent of Congress, and preserved in the fifth volume of
the American Archives. Under date of July 14th, 1776,
they say : " We think ourselves warranted in stating
that we shall be able to send five companies, one from
each batallion, and three companies of militia for the
present emergency, some of whom will march this week."
" The spirit of marching to the defence of our country is
so prevalent in this town (Carlisle), that we shall not
have men left sufficient to mount guard, and we shall be
obliged to hire a guard of twelve men from the County."
The same committee in a letter to Congress, July 31st,
1*776, state ? "The inhabitants have voluntarily and very
generally offered their services, and it appears to us that
eleven companies will be sufficiently armed and accou-
tred, and the last of them marched from this place in
about a week." Another letter, bearing date August
16th, 1776, informs Congress that "the twelfth company
marched to-day, which companies contain, in the whole,
FAMILY HISTORY. 31
eight hundred and thirty-three privates, with officers,
nearly nine hundred men. Six companies more are col-
lecting arms, and are preparing to march."
It must also be borne in mind that at the very time
these volunteer forces, in such surprising numbers, were
marching to battle, there were then in the Continental
army a great man}* officers and soldiers from this County,
who had entered it the previous year. Reinforcements
for the army continued to be thus furnished, as the pub-
lic exigencies of the Revolutionary struggle required, so
that by its close " almost every man able to carry arms
had been in the military service of his country."*
These were not holidaj* soldiers, but men inured to
toil and exposure ; accustomed to the use of firearms, but
unacquainted with the discipline of the regular army.
What they lacked in experience, was largely supplied by
the clearness and firmness of their convictions of the
justice of the cause that had summoned them to arms.
They were able, if circumstances required the sacrifice, to
march without tents or baggage wagons ; their knap-
sacks furnishing them their food, and their blankets their
only covering at night. Many of their officers were either
ministers or ruling elders of the Presbyterian congrega-
tions, from which the men in the ranks had been enrolled.
The suspicion of being even lukewarm in the service,
much more that of being a Tory, was a reproach and
stigma upon a man's character; if it did not, as there is
evidence that it sometimes did, bring upon him the dis-
cipline of the Church. It is not surprising, therefore,
that when, three years after the war closed, in a notice
for the sale of forfeited estates of persons attainted of
treason, there icas not one in the County of Cumberland.
32 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
Where, in any part of the country, or in any of the
Colonies, was there more patriotism, or more bravery
shown than by the Scotch and Scotch-Irish soldiers of
this Count}' ? These men were largely the descendants
of Ulster Presbyterians. Their fathers' resistance had
prevented the restoration of the reign of the Stuarts,
and upheld English liberty when in danger of perishing
under the shadow of restored Papal supremacy. And
their children, not unmindful of their lineage and train-
ing, threw all their influence, yea, freely offered their
property and their lives at this critical juncture, to secure
the liberties and independence of the country.
The spirit which these men manifested, had been fos-
tered by the Presbyterian ministers of the congregations
to which nearly all of them were attached. This was the
all-pervading element in the Count}'. And here, as every-
where else, the tendency of Presbyterianism was to a
republican form of government. Wherever it prevailed,
there were to be found "the germs of our civil liberties
and institutions;" and it was in the Presbyterian com-
munities in Pennsylvania, Virginia, and North Carolina,
that the voice of the people was first heard in favor of
the independence of the Colonies, and those earnest,
active, co-operative efforts were pursued, which finally
made us a nation of freemen.
But it was not alone in military service that these men
were efficient and distinguished. Having by long years
of toil and heroic endurance achieved the independence
of a nation, they took their places subsequently among
those most eminent in its councils. Their talents, their
experience, their unswerving integrity, and their patriot-
ism, were all brought into requisition, for they were
called by a grateful people to fill many of the highest
offices in the Republic. A large number (proportion-
FAMILY HISTORY. 33
ately) of the descendants of the Scotch-Irish of this
country have been elevated to the Presidenc} 7 , to the Su-
preme Bench of the United States, and to the Supreme
Court of the several States, to the United States Senate,
and to other positions of honor and responsibility. In
every community also where they have settled, the}' have
shown themselves the firm friends of education and re-
ligion; moral, intelligent, virtuous, patriotic, prominent
citizens; judicious in counsel and inflexible in the dis-
charge of duty; and in the times of danger and peril,
brave, fearless, and unconquerable.
As our tribute to the memory of these noble men — the
fathers of the Scotch and Scotch-Irish of this country — we
desire to offer this brief sketch. We do it the more cheer-
fully and heartily, since the blood of some of these early
settlers flows in our own veins; and because the principles
which they cherished and vindicated by their lives and
sacred honor, were first taught, and afterwards most ably
and successful^ maintained, by m} r immediate and direct
ancestry, whose lives and deeds I now proceed specifi-
cally to record.
FIRST GENERATION. 35
EEV. THOMAS CRAIGHEAD was the son of Rev.
Robert Craighead, a native of Scotland, who removed to
Ireland and was settled as pastor of the Presbyterian
Church of Donoughmore in 1657-58, where he labored
for thirty years. He was subsequently minister at Lon-
donderry, when the gates of the city were closed against
the Papal forces of James II, whose purpose was to mas-
sacre the Protestants ; and escaped during the second
da} r of the siege, and made his way to Glasgow, Scot-
land. He afterwards returned to Ireland, and died in
His son Thomas was educated in Scotland as a physi-
cian, and married the daughter of a Scotch laird. After
practicing medicine for a time, he became much depressed
in spirits, and his wife inquiring the cause, he informed
her that his conscience upbraided him for not preaching
the Gospel. She at once assured him, that she would not
stand in the way of what he considered his dut} T . Ac-
cordingly, he soon after abandoned the practice of medi-
cine, studied divinity, and was a pastor for several years
in Ireland, principally at Donegal. In consequence, how-
ever, of the oppressions endured by the Presbyterians of
that country from the government and from the Estab-
lished Church, and their past experience giving them
but little hope of any permanent relief, large numbers of
the people determined to emigrate to America.
Among these emigrants was Thomas Craighead, who
came to New England in 1715, accompanied by Rev.
William Homes, who was married to Mr. Craighead's
36 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
sister Catharine. Mr. Homes settled at Martha's Vine-
yard, and is buried with his wife, at Chilmark. Their
eldest son Robert was a sea-captain, resided in Boston,
and married Maiy, a sister of Benjamin Franklin.
The first public mention made of Thomas Craighead
in this country is by Cotton Mather, who speaks of him
as preaching at Freetown, which was about forty miles
south of Boston, and urges the people to do all in their
power to have him settle among them. He appears to
have been a relative of Mr. Hathaway, of that town, and
probably had gone there in the first instance at that gen-
tleman's invitation. Mather writing to a friend entreats
the people " to give a demonstration of the wisdom that
is from above," by encouraging Mr. Craighead in his
work, and says, " That he was a man of an excellent spirit,
and a great blessing to the plantation ; a man of singular
piety, meekness, humility, and industry in the work of
God. All that are acquainted with him have a precious
esteem of him, and if he should be driven from among
you, it would be such a damage, yea, such a ruin, as is
not without horror to be thought of."
The efforts made for his settlement in Freetown were
unsuccessful, for we find a notice in President Stiles's
papers of his coming "to the Jerseys" in the spring of
1723. Whether he came direct from this town, or
preached in other places in New England previous to his
removal, we cannot now determine. On page one hun-
dred and ninety-five of the New England Historical
Register we have an extract from the diary of Jeremiah
Bumstead, which refers to a meeting held in the Old
South Church, Boston, June 19th, 1722, at which Mr.
Craighead officiated. In the } r ear 1724 (January 28th) he
became a member of New Castle Presbytery, which at that
period included portions of Maryland, Pennsylvania,
FIRST GENERATION. 37
and Delaware, and is spoken of in the minutes as hav-
ing " lately come from New England."* He received a
call from White Clay Creek, Delaware, in February of
the same year, and accepted it on the condition that he
should have the privilege of preaching every third Sab-
bath at Brandywine. He was installed September 22d,
1724, and continued his ministry with this people for a
period of seven 3'ears. According to the Records of
the Presbyterian Church, 1706-1788, he was Moderator
of the Synod in 1726, and was present at the formal
adoption of the Westminster Confession and Catechisms,
as also of the Explanation of the Adopting Act.f
Mr. Craighead removed to Lancaster County, Pennsyl-
vania, in 1733, and September 3d of the same year, united
with Donegal Presbytery, when a call was placed in his
hands from the Church at Pequea. This he accepted,
and was installed pastor October 31st, Rev. Mr. Ander-
son presiding. The Presb}<teiy in its minutes alwa}'S
speaks of him as "Father Craighead," either out of re-
spect and veneration for his years, or from a special af-
fection for him. That he was respected for his talents
and learning, and loved for his genial spirit and pietj T ,
there are abundant proofs. He was very active in plant-
ing and building up churches in the region. "His
preaching was remarkably fervent, and often attended
with revivals. His theology was strictly conformed to
the Westminster Confession, for which he displayed a
special attachment, and which he was the first to sub-
scribe, both in Xew Castle and Donegal Presbyteries. "J
While pastor at Pequea, in the spring of 1736, the ses-
sion of the Church complained to the Presbytery because
* Hodge, vol. 1, p. 97. f Hodge, p. 182 and 7.
% Dr. Wing, in Men of Mark.
38 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
Mr. Craighead debarred his wife from the communion
table. The matter was fully considered during its next
session, and as there were no hopes of settling the diffi-
culty, Presbytery in September judged it expedient to
dissolve the pastoral relation. At the same meeting Mr.
Craighead was appointed b}' the Presbytery to supply
" the people of the Conodoguinet," by which was meant
the congregation whose place of worship was at Meeting
House Springs, from one to two miles northwest of Carlisle,
in Cumberland County. After fulfilling this appointment,
and a subsequent one at Hopewell, he received a call
from the latter people, which he desired to accept ; but
as there were difficulties respecting "the boundaries"
between this congregation and that of Pennsborough, ac-
tion in the case was delayed. He, in the meantime, sup-
plied the church at Hopewell, whose place of meeting was
at "the Big Spring," now Newville.
The same difficulty which had interfered with his use-
fulness in his last charge followed him to Hopewell, and
was again fully considered at two successive meetings of
Presbytery. Both Mr. Craighead and his wife appeared
before that bocty. The former finally consented that the
session should allow his wife to come to the Lord's table ;
and the latter stated that "she had nothing to complain
of against her husband except this single act, and that
he had uniformly treated her with kindness." By this
means the trouble was amicably settled — a trouble which
probably arose from there being two families in the same
house ; for the Presbyter}', in consenting to withdraw all
action in the case, instructed him that " his son John
and family must no longer continue to live with him."
Presbytery declaring itself satisfied with this settle-
ment of the domestic difficulty, and the boundary be-
tween the congregations of Pennsborough and Hopewell
FIRST GENERATION. 39
being fixed, the latter renewed their call, which was ac-
cepted, Nov. 16th, 1*737. The installation was ordered
to take place " at some convenient time before the next
stated meeting," and occurred October, 1138, his son,
Rev. Alexander Craighead, conducting the services on
Mr. Craighead's pastorate at Newville, however, was
of only a short duration. He was now far advanced in
life, though his earnestness and power remained un-
abated. A descendant of his (Mr. Thomas Craighead,
formerly of Whitehill, Pa.) states, that under his impas-
sioned sermons not infrequently his audience would be
melted to tears, and the emotions of his hearers became
so intense that they were unwilling to disperse at the
proper time. On one of these occasions, near the close
of April, H39, he became exhausted, and hastened to
pronounce the benediction ; and waving his hand he
exclaimed, "Farewell! farewell!" and sank down and
expired in the pulpit. His remains are said to have been
placed under the corner-stone of the present house of
worship at Newville.
Mr. Craighead had four sons and one daughter :
Thomas, a farmer at White CLry Creek, whose daughter
Elizabeth married Rev. Matthew Wilson, father of Rev.
Dr. J. P. Wilson, pastor of the First Presbyterian Church
of Philadelphia; John, who removed to Pennsylvania
and was a large landholder four miles south of Carlisle,
and whose descendants still possess the paternal mansion
and^roperty ; Jane, the only daughter, who married Rev.
Adam Boyd, pastor for forty-four years of the Presbyte-
rian Church at the forks of the Brandy wine ; Andrew,
who lived and died unmarried at White Clay Creek, Del-
aware; and Alexander, who was early introduced into the
ministry, and was installed over the church at Middle
40 CEAIGHEAD FAMILY.
Octorara, Lancaster Count}', Pennsylvania, in November,
1*735. The latter was a man of marked abilit} r , original
in thought and fearless in the expression of his opinions,
and with the power to move multitudes by his eloquent
and impassioned discourses. He was a friend and earnest
supporter of Whitefield, and a zealous promoter of revi-
vals. After removing from Penns3 7 lvania to Virginia he
made his final home at Sugar Creek, North Carolina,
where he died in March, 1766. His numerous descend-
ants dwell in the South and Southwest, where many of
them have occupied positions of honor and responsi-
2. Thomas, born 1702; married Margaret Brown.
3. Andrew, " ; died unm., at White Clay Creek, Del.
4. Alexander, " ; died March, 1766, at Sugar Creek, N. C.
5. John, " ; married Rachel K .
6. Jane or Janet, born ; married Kev. Adam Boyd.
THOMAS CEAIGHEAD, son of Rev. Thomas and
Margaret Craighead, was born in Ireland, in 1702, and
removed with his father to Xew England in 1715, and
from thence to White Clay Creek, Delaware, where he
resided on his farm* until his death in August, 17:35. He
married, near Boston, Margaret Brown, daughter of
George Brown, merchant, near Deny, in Ireland. Her
oldest brother, Robert John Brown, was a merchant, and
removed to Carolina, where he died. Margaret was born
in Ireland in 1702, died September 13th, 1765, and was
* Purchased by Eev. Thomas in 1727, and contained 402 acres.
SECOND GENERATION. 41
buried, with her husband and her husband's mother, in
White Clay Creek graveyard. A large slab is over their
graves, with this inscription, "In memory of Margaret,
the wife of the Rev. Thomas Craghead, who died in
1738, aged 74 years ; and of Thomas, his son, deceased
in 1735, aged 33 years ; and of Margaret, his wife, who
died in 1765, aged 63. Descended from religious fami-
lies, they were eminent for piety, much esteemed in life,
and lamented in death."
7. Kobert, born June 1, 1721 ; died unm. in the East Indies.
8. Margaret, " March 3, 1723 ; married John Miller, Esq..
9. Ann, ■« July 1, 1725; mar. Kev. Alex. McDowell.
10. Thomas, " May 6, 1727; died unmarried in Virginia.
11. Elizabeth, " Aug. 8, 1729; married 1, Captain James
Mackey, and 2. Rev. Matthew "Wilson.
12. William, born June 13, 1731 ; mar. Mildred Thompson.
13. George, " May 10, 1733 ; married Ann Brattain.
14. Patrick, " Feb. 4, 1735; died unmarried August 30,
1782, and is buried in the Market Street Graveyard, Phila.
REV. ALEXANDER CRAIGHEAD "-as the grandson
of Rev. Robert Craighead, of Dublin, Ireland, and the son
of Rev. Thomas Craighead, who came to New England in
1715, and who after preaching six years in Massachusetts,
removed to Delaware, and subsequently to Pennsylvania,
where he died. So far as known Alexander passed his
youth in his father's family, where he probably acquired
the greater part of his education, including his knowl-
edge of the classics, which then, as now, was deemed
essential to a Presbyterian clergyman. His study of
divinity was either under the direction of his father, or
42 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
some neighboring minister. He was taken under the
care of Donegal Presbyter} 7 , June 7th, 1734 — in the
bounds of which his father was pastor, and his trial-
pieces for licensure assigned him. These were heard and
approved, and he was licensed October 16th, 1734, and
ordered to suppy the frontier settlements "over the river."
The first congregation "over the river "was on the
Conodoguinet, about two miles north of Carlisle, at Meet-
ing-House Springs ; to which John Penn gave three hun-
dred acres of land for the church and parsonage. In the
old graveyard of the church, there are still tombstones
"with coats of arms graven on them." Mr. Craighead
was their first supply in 1734, and consequently was the
first clergyman who preached west of the Susquehanna.
A call was placed in his hands April 4th, 1735, from Mid-
dle Octorara, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, which he
accepted in the following June, and was ordained and in-
stalled on the 20th of November of the same year.
Mr. Craighead is represented by his contemporaries as
an earnest, fervid preacher, and as a zealous promoter of
revivals. Rev. Mr. Blair speaks of a sermon preached
by him, which produced such a state of feeling in the au-
dience, that "some burst out with an audible noise into
bitter crying." He was a great admirer and friend of
Whitefiekl, whom he accompanied in some of his preach-
ing tours. With Messrs. Tennent, Blair, and Craighead,
Whitefiekl traversed Chester Count}', and as the}' rode
along "the} 7 made the woods ring, most sweetly singing
and praising God."
His zeal in revival measures, and his sympathy with
the Tennents, whose cause he warmly espoused, rendered
him obnoxious to the more rigid and conservative of his
brethren. His zeal was not always tempered with the
highest wisdom, nor was his spirit as charitable as it
SECOND GENERATION. 43
might have been, as was evinced by his persisting to
preach within the bounds of the congregation of a neigh-
boring pastor, who failed he thought to preach the whole
Gospel ; and by his insisting upon new terms of commu-
nion, which required parents when they brought their
children for baptism to adopt the Solemn League and
Covenant. Accordingly these two things, together with
that of absenting himself from ecclesiastical meetings,
were made subjects of complaint to his Presbytery, which
met bj r appointment in his church to investigate the
charges. When the members came to the church they
found Mr. Craighead preaching from the text, " Let them
alone, they be blind leaders of the blind ;" and in their
report to Sj'nod the} r speak of the sermon as a " con-
tinued invective against Pharisee preachers, and the Pres-
bytery as given over to judicial blindness and hardness."
At its close, the Presbytery and the people were invited to
repair to " the tent" to hear his defence read. The Pres-
bytery declined to attend, and were proceeding to busi-
ness in the church, when such a tumult was raised that
they were obliged to withdraw. At the meeting next
day Mr. Craighead appeared and had his protest again
read, in which he declined the jurisdiction of the Presby-
tery, on the ground that they were all his accusers.
They suspended him for contumacy, " directing, however,
that if he should signify his sorrow for his conduct to any
member, that member should notify the moderator, who
was to call the Presbytery together to consider his
acknowledgment and take off the suspension."*
At the meeting of Synod, May, 1*741, Mr. Craighead
appeared and was enrolled as a regular member, although
he had refused to submit to trial by his Presbytery, and
* Hodge, vol. 2, p. 172.
44 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
was therefore clearly not entitled to appeal to a higher
judicatory. This point, however, was waived in his favor,
and the Synod took up the question of his right to a seat,
and consumed the balance of the week discussing it, with-
out coming to a decision; when the proceedings were in-
terrupted by the protest of Rev. Mr. Cross and others,
which separated the conflicting parties and divided the
In the division of the Sj*nod Mr. Craighead joined the
New Brunswick party, but did not remain long with it,
because the Presbyteries composing it refused to adopt
the Solemn League and Covenant. Soon after he pub-
lished his reasons for withdrawing, the chief of which
was, that neither the Synod nor the Presbyteries had
adopted the Westminster Standards by a public act.
He, at this time, united with the Covenanters, and almost
immediately opened a correspondence with the Reformed
Presbytery of Scotland, " declaring his adherence to
their sentiments and methods, and soliciting helpers,"
who might assist him to contend for "the whole of the
faith." The immediate results which followed this appli-
cation we do not know; but before many ministers could
be induced to come to his help, Mr. Craighead removed
to Virginia, and leaving his more recent ecclesiastical re-
lations, united again with New Castle Preslrvteiy, and
was a member of the Synod of New York in IT 53. He
was dismissed from the latter Presbytery in 1755, to form
the new Presbytery of Hanover.
An event occurred during the period of Mr. Craig-
head's residence in Pennsylvania, which we cannot pass
over, on account of its influence and bearing on his fu-
ture life and work. With an ardent love of personal lib-
ert}^ and freedom of opinion, he was also far in advance
of his ministerial brethren in his views of civil govern-
SECOND GENERATION. 45
ment and religious liberty. These views he gave to the
public in a pamphlet which attracted so much attention
that in the year 1743, Thomas Cookson, one of his maj-
esty's justices for Lancaster County, appeared and laid
it, in the name of the governor, before the Synod of
Philadelphia. Though published anonymously, its author-
ship was very generally attributed to Mr. Craighead. The
Synod unanimously agreed that the pamphlet was "full
of treason and sedition," and made haste to declare their
abhorrence of " the paper, and, with it, all principles and
practices that tend to destnrv the civil and religious rights
of mankind, or to foment or encourage sedition or dissatis-
faction with the civil government that we are now under,
or rebellion, treason, or anything that is disloyal. If Mr.
Alexander Craighead be the author, we know nothing of
the matter."* This may not have been the only cause,
but was doubtless the chief one, for his leaving Pennsylva-
nia, and seeking a home where he could find greater free-
dom for the expression of his opinions, and the practice
of his principles.
From the best evidence at our command Mr. Craighead
removed to Virginia in 1749, and took up his residence
on Cowpasture River ; " his preaching-place being a short
distance from the present Windy Cove Church, and his
dwelling on the farm now occupied by Mr. Andrew Sett-
lington."f A settlement had been formed here a few
years previous by farmers from Lancaster County, Penn-
sylvania. It was on the frontiers of the State, and pecu-
liarly exposed to the incursions of Indians, who were in-
stigated to plunder and murder by the French. Here he
remained until the year 1755, at which time, by the dis-
astrous defeat of General Braddock, the whole frontier of
* Webster, p. 43G. f Foote's Annals of North Carolina, p. 189.
46 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
Virginia was in great clanger from the bloodthirsty sav-
ages, " and terror reigned throughout the valle}'." In
the autumn of this }-ear he removed, with most of his
congregation, to Mecklenburg County, North Carolina,
making his home at Sugar Creek.
His six 3'ears spent in Virginia, though occupied in
abundant labors, were in some respects not congenial to
his spirit. Outside of his own denomination, and perhaps
his own charge, he found few to sympathize with, but
man}- to oppose his political principles, for which, as
we have seen, he had been persecuted in Pennsylvania.
Besides, he was restless and dissatisfied under the exac-
tions and impositions of the Episcopal Church, which was
the established church of the province, and which would
not allow his members the right of marriage according to
the ceremonies of their own church, and obliged them to
support a ministry on whose services they did not attend.
These causes, together with the apprehended danger
from Indian incursions, influenced him, as also his
people, to seek a new home where they could live free
from all such evils. In "a beautiful, fertile, and peace-
ful " part of North Carolina he fixed his abode, and here
he passed the remainder of his days in the active duties
of a pioneer minister of the Gospel. At a meeting of
the Presbytery of Hanover in 1758, Mr. Craighead was
directed to preach at Rocky River; and, receiving and ac-
cepting a call from Sugar Creek Church,* he was installed
l)}' Rev. Mr. Richardson, his son-in-law, in September of
the same year. "This was the oldest church in the upper
country, being organized in 1756, and was in some meas-
ure the payment of the seven churches that formed the con-
vention in Charlotte in 1775."f Here he continued his
* He was the first pastor. Charlotte was then a part of his charge.
f Foote's Annals of North Carolina.
SECOND GENERATION. 47
ministry until his death, in March, 1766, "leaving behind
him the affectionate remembrance of his abundant and
His immediate successor in the pastorate was Rev.
John Alexander. Afterwards, his son Thomas supplied
the church, but declined to settle ; and he was succeeded
b} r Rev. Hall Morrison, D.D., and by his grandson, Rev.
David Craighead Caldwell, who was the beloved pastor
of Hopewell and Sugar Creek Churches for thirty-five
In this retired region, and among a people "so united
in the general principles of religious and civil govern-
ment," Mr. Craighead had the opportunity he so long
desired, fully to express his sentiments respecting free-
dom of the individual conscience and political liberty.
And right nobty did he improve his advantage. For, as
Rev. Dr. Footef states, "He was the teacher of the whole
population. Here he poured forth his principles of re-
ligious and civil government, undisturbed b\' the jealousy
of the government. He had the privilege of forming the
principles, both civil and religious, in no measured de-
gree, of a race of men that feared God and feared not
labor and hardship or the face of man — a race capable of
great excellence, mental and physical, whose minds could
conceive the glorious idea of independence, and whose
convention announced it to the world in May, IT 15, and
whose hands sustained it in the trying scenes of the
Revolution. The community' which assumed its form
under his guiding hand, had the image of democratic
republican liberty more fair than any sister settlement
in the South."
Similar testimony is borne by Rev. A. "W. Miller, D.D.,
* "Webster. f Foote's Annals of North Carolina.
48 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
to the commanding and pervasive influence of Mr. Craig-
head in educating the people in the principles of liberty,
and in preparing them for the work to which Providence
called them. In his centenuial discourse, delivered at
Charlotte, May 20th, 18*75, the purpose of which was to
show the connection between ecclesiastical and civil
polit} r , and religious and civil liberty, and the influence
of the Presbyterian Church in training the people who
first took up arms against Great Britain in the Revolu-
tion, he sa} T s:
" To the immortal Craighead, a Presbyterian minister
of Ireland, who finally settled in Mecklenburg in 1156,*
' the only solitary minister between the Yadkin and the
Catawba,' who found in ISorth Carolina what Pennsyl-
vania and Virginia denied him — sympathy with the
patriotic views he had been publicly proclaiming since
1141 — to this apostle of liberty the people of Mecklen-
burg are indebted for that training which placed them in
the forefront of American patriots and heroes. It was
at this fountain, that Dr. Ephraim Brevard and his hon-
ored associates drew their inspirations of liberty. So
diligent and successful was the training of this devoted
minister and patriot; so far in advance even of the Pres-
byterians of every other colony had he carried the people
of this and the adjacent counties, that on the very day,
May 20th, 1115, on which the General Synod of the
Presbyterian Church, convened in Philadelphia, issued a
pastoral letter to all its churches, counselling them, while
defending their rights by force of arms, to stand fast in
their allegiance to the British throne, on that day the
streets of Charlotte were resounding with the shouts of
* Mr. Craighead moved to Sugar Creek, North Carolina, 1755,
soon after General Braddock's defeat.
SECOND GENERATION. 49
freemen, greeting the first declaration of American in-
The twenty or thirty members of the Convention at
Charlotte, Xorth Carolina, who framed the Mecklenburg
Declaration of Independence, May 20th, 1715, were all
of them connected with the seven Presbyterian churches
of the county ; two of which were Rocky River and Sugar
Creek, and from these the other five sprang. Abraham
Alexander, a ruling elder from Sugar Creek Church, was
chairman of the convention ; it was addressed by Rev.
Hezekiah James Balch,* pastor of Rocky River and
Poplar Tent, who was also one of the committee of three
to draft the resolutions ; and nine other ruling elders, of
these seven Presbyterian churches, were active partici-
pants in the proceedings. Although Mr. Craighead was
not permitted to live to see those principles of civil and re-
ligious liberty, of which for more than a score of }'ears he
had been the zealous and uncompromising champion, em-
bodied in the Mecklenburg Declaration, yet his descend-
ants, and besides them forty millions of his countrymen,
this da} T rejoice in the precious and abundant fruits of
his teachings and labors, and of other kindred spirits.
Of the nature of his work and the purpose which ever
animated him, as also of the effects of his ministiy in
North Carolina, we are not left in doubt. Like other
self-denying pioneer preachers of that da} T , his time was
divided between the pastoral work of his own charge, and
that of supplying settlements which were without the
stated means of grace, of organizing churches and provid-
ing them with pastors. The spirit in which he engaged in
* Died in summer of 1775. He is said " to have been a man of
fine personal appearance and an accomplished scholar."
50 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
this work, and the fidelit}' he evinced for the spiritual
welfare of his people, are thus spoken of by one* who
enjo3'ed the most ample opportunities to see and study
the influence of his ministry. "He was a great admirer
of Whitefield's spirit and action ; and drank deeply of
the same fountain of truth and love. Like the man theyf
admired, both these ministers possessed the power of
moving men; and both left an impress upon the com-
munity in which they lived in Carolina, and stamped an
image on the churches they gathered, which are visible
to this day. To all human appearance there has been
a great amount of fervent piety among the churches
planted and watered by these men, which has been be-
queathed to their descendants from generation to genera-
tion, as a precious inheritance of faith." Again, speak-
ing of Rev. Mr. Craighead, he sa}^s : " Soundness of
doctrine, according to the Confession of Faith, has been
maintained by his congregation at all hazards ; and a
standard of warm-hearted piety and ardent devotion has
been handed down as a legacy from their fathers to suc-
ceeding generations, to which the Church has always
looked with kindling desire."
Having thus " made full proof of his ministry and
finished his course, he was laid to rest, 1766, in the
graveyard adjoining his church, and among the people
he loved," " leaving behind him the affectionate remem-
brance of his faithful, abundant, and useful labors."J
Respecting his place of burial, Dr. Foote further sa} T s :
* Rev. Dr. Foote.
f Referring to Rev. James Campbell, a Scotchman, who preached
in Gaelic to the Highlanders, who, for the rebellion in 1745, was
expatriated, and settled in North Carolina.
+ Webster, p. 437.
SECOND GENERATION. 51
" Turning westward from the present* brick church,
about half a mile through the woods, you find on a gentle
ascent the first burying-ground of this congregation. In
the southeast corner, without stone or mound, is the
grave of Alexander Craighead, and of the six succeeding
graves, whose members composed the entire convention
in Charlotte, May, 1775. Tradition says that these two
sassafras trees, f at the head and foot of the grave, sprung
from two sticks on which as a bier the coffin was borne.
Being stuck into the ground to mark the spot tempora-
rily, the green sticks, fresh from the mother stock, took
root and grew. Was it an emblem ? — the fulfilment of this
mute prophecy f" So it would seem. For the principles
he so persistently and ably proclaimed, have become the
cherished inheritance of this great and prosperous nation !
15. Thomas B , born 1750; married Elizabeth Brown, 1780.
16. Robert, " June 27th, 1751; mar. Hannah Clark.
' 17. Nancy, " ; married 1. Rev. William Rich-
ardson ; 2. George Dunlap.
18. Rachel, born ; mar. Rev. David Caldwell, D.D.
19. Jane, " ; married Patrick Calhoun.
20. Margaret, " ; married Mr. Carruth.
21. Mary, " ; married Samuel Dunlap.
22. Elizabeth, " ; married Alexander Crawford.
* The third house of worship. The first was one-half mile
west from this ; the second, a few steps south, the pulpit being
over the place now occupied by the pastor's grave.
f They both stand (1876), but one is dead ; the other flourishing,
and is twenty-two inches in diameter. — D. J. Stixson.
52 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
JOHN OEAIGHEAD, the youngest son of Rev.
Thomas Craighead, was born in Ireland, previous to his
father's removal to New England, and was married to
Rachel R. . After residing for a time in Philadel-
phia, as a merchant, he removed to Cumberland County,
Pa., in H42, and, purchasing a large tract of land from
the Shippens (who were the agents of the Penns), four
miles south of Carlisle, on the Yellow Breeches Creek (the
Indian name of which is Callapasscinke),* he continued
to reside upon it, and improve and cultivate it until his
At this period the Indians were numerous and hostile.
The settlers were obliged frequently to cany their rifles
with them to their fields, as they turned up the virgin
soil to receive the seed, or as they sought to gather the
golden grain. And with all their precautions, they were
oftentimes surprised while engaged in their peaceful oc-
cupations by their stealtlry, treacherous foes, and mur-
dered in cold blood ; or, what was more terrible still,
reserved for protracted and cruel tortures. With a wil-
derness around them to subdue and render productive,
and savages against whose treachery and violence they
had ever to be on their guard, the lives of these pioneers
were filled up with stirring and exciting incidents. Hard-
ships were abundant, but then these developed characters
that qualified them for the great work which God had
given them to do in this " new world."
The site of the old mansion, constructed of logs, was
near where the water from the present dam enters the
* Name given by the Delaware Indians to the stream ; signify-
ing " horseshoe bends." — Heckawelder.
SECOND GENERATION. 53
mill-race. A large portion of the original lands purchased
by John Craighead are still in possession of his descend-
ants ; the fifth and sixth generations occupying and cul-
23. Thomas, born March 5th, 1737; married Margaret Gilson.
24. John, " — , 1742; married Jane Boyd.
25. James, " ; married Isabella Gilson.
26. Catherine, " Nov. 1748; m. William Geddes, Nov. 1788.
27. Kachel, " September loth, 1776 ; died young.
JANE or JANET CRAIGHEAD, daughter of Rev.
Thomas Craighead, born in Ireland, married Rev. Adam
Boyd, October 23d, 1725. Mr. Boyd was born at Bella-
meny, Ireland, 1692, and came to Boston 1715, where he
remained until 1*722 or 3, when he removed to the Jerseys.
Was taken under care of New Castle Presbytery, July,
1725, and accepted a call from Octorara and Pequea, Lan-
caster Count}', Pa., in September, and was ordained in
October, with the privilege of spending part of his time
at the Forks of the Brandywine. Had leave in 1741 to
accept a call from a part of the congregation, at Brandy-
wine. Died November 21st, 1768. On his tomb "forty-
four years pastor of this church." " Eminent through
life for modest piet}*, diligence in his office, prudence,
equanimity, and peace."
28. Margaret, born Sept. 5th, 1726; mar. Rev. Joseph
Tate, of Donegal, Lancaster Co., Pa. Had seven children.
29. John (Rev.), born April 15th, 1728; preached in New
Castle and Philadelphia Presbyteries.
30. Janet, born March 18th, 1730; died — , 1800.
54 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
born May 14th, 1732; died — , 1770.
" July 23d, 1734; mar. Catherine Wal-
12th, 1760 ; died — , 1778. Had six children,
born July 14th, 173G ; married Andrew
Boyd, of New London, Pa., died 1808.
34. Adam (Rev.), born Nov. 25th, 1738; died — , 1800, in
Natchez, Miss. A true friend of liberty. Editor of Gape
Fear Mercury, and one of the Committee of Safety in
Wilmington, N. C, in 1775.
35. Andrew (Col.), born October 20th, 1740; mar. Feb. 17th,
1780, Jane Whitehill, daughter of James Whitehill and
Abigail Miller. Had one son and two daughters. Jane
married William S. Cross, of Baltimore, and Rev. An-
drew B. Cross is their second child.
36. Hannah, born Jan. 7th, 1743; mar. Samuel Scott.
37. Elizabeth, " April 4th, 1745 ; married John Hays.
Had two children ; died April 3d, 1821.
38. Samuel (M.D.), born June 11th, 1747 ; married daughter of
Col. Brooks, of Va. ; died 1780.
MAEGAEET CEAIGHEAD, eldest daughter of
Thomas and Margaret Brown Craighead, born in New
England, March 3d, 1723, married John Miller, Esq.,
who was Mayor of Philadelphia. She died August 11th,
1199, in Philadelphia.
39. Esther, who married James Mann, Esq., and had children,
John, Kobert, Thomas, James, Isabella.
ANN CEAIGHEAD, second daughter of Thomas and
Margaret Brown Craighead, was born at White Clay
THIRD GENERATION. 55
Creek, Delaware, July 1st, 1125, and married Rev. Alex-
ander McDowell. He was Principal of New London
Academy, Pa., 1752. It was removed by him first to
Elkton, Md.j and then to Newark, Del. Rev. Matthew
Wilson was associated with him in 1754, and it was
chartered in 1769 by the Proprietary, John Penn. It
flourished for many years, and finally formed the basis
on which Delaware College was established.
Mrs. McDowell died , and was buried in the grave-
yard at Elkton, Md. On her tombstone is the following
" Fair virtue's paths, and piety's she trode,
Endeared to friends, accepted of her God,
Sh's gone to rest, no pains, no mortal woes,
Now break the lovely sleeper's soft repose ;
Her body! sacred dust! beneath this stone
Her Lord will raise and fashion like his own."
40. Patty; 41. Peggy; 42. John; 43. Alexander. John was
a physician, and lived at New London, Pa.
ELIZABETH CKAIGHEAD, the third daughter of
Thomas and Margaret Brown Craighead, was born Au-
gust 8th, 1729, and married, 1. Captain James Mackey,
by whom she had one daughter, Ann; and, 2. Rev.
Matthew Wilson, March 6th, 1764,* the grandfather of
Rev. J. P. Wilson, D.D., of Newark, N. J. On page 180,
vol. 2, Spragu&s Annals, she is spoken of as " a lady of
uncommon energy of character and eminent piety." And
56 CKAIGHEAD FAMILY.
her son, late Rev. J. P. Wilson, I).D., of Philadelphia,
bears testimony that she was "a woman of superior intel-
ligence, and advanced piety and good sense, and held in
the highest esteem."
Children by Second Marriage.
44. Elizabeth, born February — , 1765; died in infancy.
45. Margaret, " January 19th, 1767; married William
Perry. No children.
46. James P., born February 21st, 1769.
47. Theodore, « June 28th, 1772; mar. Mary Mills Kollock.
OAPT. WILLIAM CKAIGHEAD, son of Thomas and
Margaret Broivn Craighead, born at White Clay Creek,
Delaware, June 13th, 1731, married January 18th, 1757,
Mildred Thompson, of Philadelphia, Pa. Removed to
Lunenburg County, Va., where he continued to reside until
his death, at an advanced age, respected and loved as
" a man of great intelligence, public spirit, and piety."*
He was for many years presiding magistrate of Lunen-
burg County, and during the Revolutionary War " was an
ardent, active patriot. He had the honor of suggesting
some measures to promote the unity and efficiency among
Americans, which were generally adopted."
Mr. Craighead was an elder in Rev. Samuel Davies's
Church, Hanover, and an intimate friend of that cele-
brated evangelical preacher. " His ardor of disposition,
activity, fluency of speech, and religious zeal, well fitted
him to be a useful officer in the church. He was a man
of sanguine temperament, strong good sense, and warm
* Webster's Ch. Hist.
THIRD GENERATION. 57
pietj-. He was among the very first persons in this
country to originate a plan for removing the colored
people to Africa, the main features of which were gradual
emancipation ; no persons but such as were suitably pre-
pared to be sent out ; and the colonists to hold a similar
relation to our government as the Indians."*
48. Thomas, born May 17, 1758 ; died October, 1760.
49. Margaret, " November 80, 1759 ; mar. Samuel Sandys.
50. George, " April 15, 1762; mar. Petronilla Lambkin.
51. Polly, << Feb. 29, 1764; died unm. Dec. 29, 1854.
52. Mildred, " Jan'y 23, 1766; died unm. Aug. 25, 1822.
53. William, " Jan'y 21, 1768 ; married Frances Glenn.
54. Thomas Thompson, born January 23,1773; mar. Frances
COL, GEORGE CRAIGHEAD, son of Thomas and
Margaret Brown Craighead, born May 10th, 1733, married,
June 5th, 1760, Ann Br attain, the only child of her pa-
rents, who lived near Wilmington, Del. He lived in Mill
Creek Hundred, in Xew Castle Count}', Del., was a lawyer,
" a judge, and an elder in the Lower Brandy wine Presby-
terian Church, and Speaker of the Council at the adoption
of the Federal Constitution."'!* He subsequently removed
to Western Pennsylvania, and settled near Chartiers
Creek, Washington County. The records of Washington
County, Pa., show that he and his wife conveyed 250
acres of land in the western part of the county, to James
Mease, M.D., of Philadelphia, for £187 10s. To this
* Dr. Alexander's His. Colonization.
f Webster's History Presbyterian Church.
58 CEAIGHEAD FAMILY.
deed Isabella Craighead is a subscribing witness. Janu-
ary 19th, 1799, he was appointed justice of the peace.
He was an officer in the Indian and French War, and in
that with Great Britain. Being a man of wealth, he equip-
ped his own regiment. The cover of the book in which
he kept his accounts at this period, was until recently
in the possession of a descendant, Mrs. Rev. Dr. Robin-
son, of Ashland, Ohio. He was present at " Braddock's
Defeat," the " occupation of Fort Pitt," etc.
During the war of the Revolution, his influence and
services were deemed so important, that a high price was
put upon his head by the British, and his family were
obliged to travel from place to place, at night, in order
to prevent his capture by the enemy. At another time
" the Tories had three different nights set on which to
burn his house. Providence, however, seemed to baffle all
their attempts. On one night a terrible storm prevented
their making an attack."* The silver and valuables of
the family, and for that period they possessed a large
amount, were hid for three months in a swamp.
An incident in the Colonel's life is thus stated b\' his
daughter Esther. " He was on one occasion lost in the
woods, and was three days without food ; his feet were
badly frozen, and he was standing helpless in the snow.
A scout found him, just as an Indian was leisure^ walk-
ing up to him with uplifted tomahawk, sure of his victim.
The scout shot the savage in the nick of time, and rescued
Mr. Craighead was "an intimate friend of General
Washington, dining at the same table, and calling each
other by the familiar name ' George.' "•
Though a soldier he was also a man of prayer, a kind
* Mrs. B. P. Chambers, a descendant.
THIRD GENERATION. 59
and gentle husband and father. Towards the close of
his life he was so much given to prayer, that his children
stated that the tea became cold and could not be placed
on. the table, until he had asked a blessing on the meal.
For his services during the war, he received from Con
gress a grant of land in Kentucky, ten miles square ; but
that region of countiy being then almost uninhabited and
difficult of access, the Colonel, now well advanced in life,
took no measures to possess himself of the property. The
land afterwards became very valuable, a town being built
upon it ; but when his descendants were disposed to lay
claim to it, they found that some of the most important
papers were missing, and they abandoned it.
Mrs. Craighead was a woman of great energy, fortitude,
and courage, and eminently fitted to be the companion of
such a soldier. " In those times of peril she always slept
with pistols under her pillow." And that she was not
wanting in all womanly graces and virtues, may be in-
ferred from the character of her children.
After the close of the war, Mr. Craighead settled on a
farm, near Canonsburgh, Pa., now in the occupancy of
Mr. William Quail. Here he died, and was buried in
the Chartiers graveyard. On a broad sandstone slab are
the following inscriptions: "In memory of Col. George
Craghead, who departed this life on the 21st cla}^ of Feb-
ruaiy, 1811, aged 78 years; and Anna Craghead, his wife,
who departed this life on the 11th day of December, 1805,
aged 73 years."
55. Margaret, born Dec. 7, 1761 ; died unm, June 7, 1780.
56. Isabella, " July 15, 1763; married James Park.
57. Ann, " Dec. 14, 1764 ; died August 4, 1778.
58. Esther " March 31, 1766; mar. Alexander Scott.
59. Thomas Brattain, born Jan. 6, 1768; mar. Pvachel Allison.
60 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
60. John, born Feb. 20, 1770; died Dec 24, 1770.
61. William, " July 25, 1771 ; mar. Jane Boggs.
62. Elizabeth, " Aug. 18, 1773; mar. Samuel Wilson.
63. Milley " June 6, 1776; died Aug. 1, 1836, unmarried.
EEV. THOMAS B. CEAIGHEAD, the oldest son of
the Rev. Alexander, was born in Mecklenburg County,
N. C, about the year 1750. Of his early life we have been
unable to learn any particulars. He graduated at Nassau
Hall, 1715, and subsequently studied divinity, and was
ordained by the Presbytery of Orange in 1780. At the
request of the session, he supplied for a short time the
pulpit of the church in which his father had preached,
but declined a settlement. Soon after he removed to the
village of Haysborough, Tennessee, six miles east of Nash-
ville, and established the first Presbyterian church in the
middle division of the State. He is said to have been
subsequently, the first pastor of the First Presbyterian
Church of Nashville, for many j T ears, as at present, one
of the largest and most influential churches of the South.
Either just previous, or soon after his removal to Ten-
nessee, in 1780, he was married to Miss Elizabeth Brown,
daughter of Rev. John Brown, of Frankfort, Kentucky —
a family distinguished for high social standing, intellect-
ual culture, and their services in the councils of the
State and Nation. The descendants of this marriage
are still numerous in Tennessee, and in several other
States of the South and Southwest.
From the first, his acquirements as well as his literary
tastes, led Mr. Craighead to take a prominent part in all
matters pertaining to education. When the Legislature
THIRD GENERATION. 61
of North Carolina, in 1785, established Davidson Acad-
em3 r , and made a grant of two hundred and forty acres
of land adjoining the city of Nashville for its buildings
and endowment, at the first meeting of the trustees, Au-
gust 19th, 1786, he was chosen President of the Board,
which had among its members such honored men as
Senator Smith and Generals Robertson* and Jackson.
In this capacity he served the Institution with untiring
industry and faithfulness, until in the year 1806, the Acad-
emj 7 , b}' an act of the Legislature, was merged into Cum-
The school was ordered to be taught in the Spring
Hill Meeting-house, the church in whicli Mr. Craighead
preached, "on the suburbs of the town of Haysborough."
Subsequently "the construction of a turnpike destroj r ed
the foundations of that primitive academy." In 1798,
Rev. Mr. Craighead and Andrew Jackson were appointed
a committee to draft a memorial to repeal an act of the
Legislature, which had been passed to introduce new
trustees. In 1799, a conference was held between Rev.
Mr. Craighead and Mr. George McWhiter, trustees of
Davidson Academy ; and Judge McNairy, William T.
Lewis, and Dr. Henning, of Federal Academy, when it
was agreed to merge the latter with Davidson Academy.
July 15th, 1802, Gens. Jackson and Robertson were ap-
pointed a committee to superintend the erection of a new
academy building. The Academy was erected into David-
son College, by the Legislature, July 19th, 1806, with nine-
teen trustees, Mr. Craighead at the head of the list. At
the first meeting of the college trustees, Mr. Craighead
* General James Kobertson was the foremost man of his day in
Middle Tennessee. Died in 1814 ; reinterred in cemetery at Nash-
ville, 1825, and funeral oration by Hon. Judge Haywood.
62 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
was not present — the first omission in twenty 3 r ears. At
the next meeting, he was unanimously elected President
"And thus he is honored in the Collegiate as he had been
in the Academic Board, an honor which he deserved."*
He held this relation between two and three years, until
his successor, Dr. Priestley, was elected.
Mr. Craighead's name was also prominent, in connec-
tion with the great revival which began in Kentucky in
the year 1800. This religious awakening, though pro-
ductive of large results in adding many members to the
churches in Kentucky and Tennessee, and in increasing
the Christian activit}' of professors of religion, was at-
tended with many extravagances, not to say very ques-
tionable and disorderly proceedings. While disposed to
acknowledge every token of God's presence and blessing
at the meetings held by these flaming revivalists, the
more sober and discreet ministers could not but rejoice
with fear and trembling. The measures adopted, the
doctrines taught, and the physical manifestations so fre-
quently seen, all served to make many persons seriously
question the genuineness of the work of grace, and others
to deprecate the evils which were sure to follow. At
this distance of time we can see that the judgment formed
b}^ some was too severe, for we know that much good was
accomplished through the agency of these indiscreet
preachers ; still there was sufficient to awaken the gravest
apprehensions of the best men in the Church. Accord-
ingly, we find "Father" Kice, Craighead, Lythe, and
Ely the, the most trusted and honored pastors of Trans3 r l-
vania Presbytery, not opposing, but " discountenancing
the extravagances of the revival," and the earnest advo-
cates of order. They felt and insisted that the time had
* A. W. Putnam's History of Middle Tennessee.
THIED GENERATION. 63
come to apply to the work the tests of a genuine revival.
Whatever permanent and valuable results might be ac-
complished, must be wrought through the instrumentality
of the truth alone ; and that if it were " a work of God," it
would bear the test of his Word.
The application of this test, and the insisting "upon
the observance of quiet and order," were resisted by the
revival men, who claimed for themselves "a kind of holy
superiority " over their brethren. They stigmatized those
who wished to regulate the meetings " as hindrances to
the work," and as having no religion. Soon the signs of
division manifested themselves. Such diverse elements
could not remain long together. In 1803, when the at-
tention of Synod was called to the subject, five of the
most objectionable of these "revival" men declined its
jurisdiction, withdrew, and formed themselves into a
Another and more serious schism occurred shortly after
this, growing out of the introduction of laymen into the
pulpits. In consequence of the revival, there was an un-
usual demand for preachers. In the emergenc} r , some
felt that earnest and spiritually-minded laj-men might be
employed, who would be acceptable and useful in the
churches. Four such were appointed to vacant congre-
gations, by the Presbytery of Transylvania. A minority
of the Presbytery, under the leadership of Mr. Craighead,
complained of this action. The controversy proceeded
until it not only divided the Presbytery, but distracted
the Synod itself; and was at last, in 180T, brought for
adjudication to the Assembly, where it caused no little
discussion and trouble. The final result, was the with-
drawal of a portion of the Cumberland Presbytery, and
the formal organization of the Cumberland Presbyterian
64 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
In the meantime, the more orderly portion of Shiloh
Church complained to the Presbyteiy of the erroneous
doctrines taught, and the extravagances allowed by its
pastor, Rev. Mr. Hodge. The Preslytery investigated
the charges, and refused to sustain the complaint. The
subject being referred to the Synod of Kentucky, the
judgment of Presbyteiy was reversed. The orderly por-
tion of the congregation withdrew, organized another
church, and called Mr. Craighead as their pastor.
Soon after his settlement over Shiloh Church, Mr. Craig-
head was charged with holding Pelagian views. A com-
mission was appointed by the Sj r nod of Kentucky to in-
vestigate the matter, and the examination was conducted
by a series of written questions, thirty-one in all. The re-
plies of the accused to these, were considered "agreeable
to the Confession of Faith ;" objection alone being made
to some of the statements as ambiguous. At the meet-
ing of Synod in October of the same .year, Mr. Craighead
preached a sermon, in which he presented his peculiar
views respecting the agenc} 7 and operations of the Holy
Spirit in the conversion of men. The sermon was brought
under review by the Synod the following da} 7 , and after
a protracted discussion and an able defence, with ex-
planations b}- its author, its doctrines were judged not to
be consistent with the Confession of Faith, and the
preacher cautioned to be more careful in future.
Apparently the controversy rested here for three years,
until it was revived b} 7 the publication of the discourse,
which had been the original cause of offence ; together
with an appendix of a personal nature, wherein the au-
thor spoke in a disparaging way of the members of
Synod, "as men of small intellects, destitute of talents,"
etc., and consequently incapable of deciding the ques-
tions involved in the discussion.
THIRD GENERATION. 65
As a matter of course this excited a great deal of per-
sonal feeling, and finally led Rev. Dr. Campbell to ad-
dress a series of letters to Mr. Craighead, in which he
attempted to expose, what he regarded, the errors of the
published sermon. To these Mr. Craighead replied, and
Dr. Campbell rejoined in a pamphlet entitled, Tlie Pelagian
Detected. In this last he labors to show, that the author's
views respecting Divine Sovereignty, the Word, Spiritual
Influence, Faith, and Regeneration, are similar to those
of the Shakers, and charged him with being the Father
of New Lightism. He concludes his arraignment with
the remarkable declaration, " There never would have been
a Shaker in our country, had there never been a Craig-
head." In view of so severe a judgment as this, and that
too by the man who was acknowledged to be the ablest
member of the Sj'iiod, and in the light of the histoiy of
the subsequent trial of the accused, and the final judg-
ment of the General Assembly upon the merits of the
case, we believe all unprejudiced persons will conclude,
as we have, that personal feelings entered too largely into
the discussions, even if they did not influence the decision
of the judicatories.
In April, 1810, the Presbytery of Transylvania cited
Mr. Craighead to appear before it, and renewed the cita-
tion at the- fall meeting in October. Xot being able to
attend, he replied to each citation by letter; but the Pres-
bytery did not consider his excuses sufficient, and pro-
ceeded in his absence to his trial. Under such circum-
stances, it was not possible to have a fair trial. The
accused had no opportunity to become acquainted with
the charges preferred against him, and none either to
explain or to defend his opinions. Besides, " oral testi-
mony " was admitted b\~ the prosecution, and the per-
sons testifying were not required to do so under oath.
66 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
With great haste, and in this unseemly manner, the entire
proceedings were conducted, and the accused adjudged
worthy of suspension. At once the matter was referred
to the Synod of Kentucky, which was at the same time
in session. That bod} 7 immediately took it up, and with-
out citing Mr. Craighead to appear and answer, concurred
in the Presbytery's sentence of suspension. The accused
was, moreover, required by the Synod to appear before his
Presbytery and "recant his errors, on pain of being de-
posed 'from the Gospel ministry."
As soon as Mr. Craighead heard of the action of Synod,
he appealed from its decision, which, of course, should
have arrested all proceedings until the appeal was tried.
But, in the face of all this, the Presbyteiy of Muhlenburg
(which had been formed out of Transylvania) proceeded in
the case, and cited Mr. Craighead to appear, and on his
refusal to obey the citation, which he knew they had no
right to issue, that bod}' in April, 1811, deposed him.
Finding all his efforts to obtain redress from the Synod
of no avail, Mr. Craighead appealed to the Assembly,
the highest court of the Church. The committee, to whom
the appeal was referred together with Mr. Craighead's let-
ter, giving his reasons why he could not be present, con-
cluded that the reasons were not sufficient, and errone
ously believing that it was necessary for the appellant
to appear in person before the Assembly, recommended
that the representatives of the Synod of Kentucky be
permitted to enter their protest against any future prose-
cution of the appeal, and thus make the Synod's decision
final. Messrs. J. P. Campbell, James Hoge, and M. G.
Wallace, the Synod's defenders, at once availed them-
selves of this permission, and entered their protest upon
the minutes, hoping thereby to be relieved from any
further controversy with one, who had many and very in-
THIRD GENERATION. 67
fluential friends, and had shown himself an opponent to
be feared, and whose abilities could not be despised.
The following year Mr. Craighead applied to the Synod
for a new trial. This was refused him. What other efforts
he made to protect his character and his rights, we know
not. The next public record is that of a letter of his ad-
dressed to the Assembly of 1822, accompanied with a
printed pamphlet. These were read and referred to a
committee, which reported that the decision of the Assem-
bly 0/I8II requiring the attendance of the complainant was
erroneous, and hence " null and void ;" another error icas
declaring Mr. Craighead deposed, when the S} T nod had
only suspended him, and he had appealed from that deci-
sion, which arrested all further proceedings ; and the re-
port concluded b} r stating that Mr. Craighead "had just
grounds of complaint against the Assembl} T of 1811," and
recommended that "he be put in the same place he occu-
pied before, with the right to appeal." This was done,
and a copy of the Assembly's action ordered to be sent
In 1823 this subject again came before the Assembly,
but the Synod of Kentuckj' claimed that it had not been
propeiTy notified of the complainant's intention to prose-
cute his appeal, and was not ready for the trial. This
notice was required to be given, and the Synod was
ordered to send all its minutes, as well as those of Tran-
sylvania Presbytery, to the Assembly.
In 1824,on the presentation of the appeal, it was re-
ferred to a committee, consisting of Rev. Drs. Alexander
and Hill and Mr. Gray, who after a long and patient ex-
amination reported as follows : That the}^ disapprove of
Mr. Craighead's preaching and publishing such a sermon
before the Synod, and of his conduct as not conciliatory,
and as setting his opponents at defiance; and commend
68 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
the Synod and Presbytery for their watchfulness, zeal,
and firmness in defence of the truth, and for grappling
with one who " was distinguished for his learning and
eloquence, reputable in his character and standing in so-
ciet3 T , and venerable for his age."
The committee then point out the errors of the two
lower courts. The charges are pronounced in all cases
deficient in precision; and of the third and fourth it is
difficult to say what articles of faith they controvert,
while the charges themselves are so vague that they are
incapable of proof. For the fifth charge they state there
is no just ground of accusation; and where in the sixth
Mr. Craighead is charged with a false coloring of facts,
there were no facts proved. They further declare the
action of Presbytery and Synod wrong in trying the
accused when he was absent; the Presbytery was in error
in not informing him that it had referred his case to
Synod, and in permitting statements to be made that
w r ere not recorded, and persons to testify- who were not
sworn ; and that both bodies were wrong in the haste
they evinced in the trial, as Mr. Craighead was not guilty
of contumacy, having sent reasons for his absence.
On the "merits of the case," and as to the first charge
— that of denying the real agencj T of the Spirit in regenera-
tion — the committee say: "There is evidence that Mr.
Craighead denied the immediate agency of the Spirit, but
not clear evidence that he denied the real agency. Both
forms are allowed to be equalh T orthodox, and no distinc-
tion like this is made in the Confession of Faith. Mr.
Craighead disclaims and disavows the interpretation put
upon his language, and it will bear a different construc-
tion, than that put on it b} T the Presbyteiy and S} r nod."
Of the second charge, that of denying and misrepre-
senting the doctrines of divine foreordination, sove-
THIRD GENERATION. 69
reigntj 7 , and election, they say: "It might be shown by
argument that Mr. Craighead uses expressions not con-
sistent with these doctrines, but then he disavows all
such intention, and the charge is not clearly supported
by the references. Still, the doctrines of this sermon are
different from those of the Reformed churches, and erro-
neous, though not of fundamental importance. In conclu-
sion, they recommend that as the proceedings of the
Presbytery and Synod were irregular, the General As-
sernbty cannot confirm the Synod of Kentucky's decision ;
that the whole matter be referred to the Presbytery of
West Tennessee; that it be directed to give Mr. Craig-
head an early opportunity to offer the satisfaction which
the Church expects for the offence received ; and, upon
receiving satisfactoiy explanations, he be restored to the
ministry. Accordingly Mr. Craighead appeared, in 1824,
before his Presbytery, and satisfying that body of the
correctness of his views, was reinstated in the ministry.
His death followed soon after, and before the next meet-
ing of the Assembly."*
If any one thinks that more space has been given to
this subject than is proper in such a histoiy, m} 7 apology
is the necessity of vindicating the character of the de-
ceased. Unfortunately for his reputation, his adversaries
have furnished nearly all the colors b} T which his portrait
has been painted. What we are permitted to know of
him in the books of the Church, has been all derived from
one and the same source, viz., the records of the lower
ecclesiastical courts, which, as we have seen, failed to be
impartial, wise, and just. Fortunately Mr. Craighead,
after years of trial and disappointments, succeeded in
having the whole matter considered by the General As-
* Baird's Digest.
70 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
sembly, when a competent committee rendered a very
different verdict from that given b} T the Presbytery and
Synod — one more in accordance with the facts, and not
distorted by fear or prejudice.
Nor should it be thought strange, that much personal
feeling was enlisted in this controversy. Mr. Craighead
had incurred the displeasure of not a few brethren, for
his decided opposition to the extravagant measures used
to promote the revival of 1800, and, with Blythe and
others, he was charged with a "lack of piety," and with
"hindering a work of God." So, too, when efforts were
made to introduce unqualified laymen into Presb} T terian
pulpits, his sense of duty led him to resist the measure
most earnestly. This resulted in a long and embittered
controversy, which did not cease until the Presbytery
was rent asunder.
In person Mr. Craighead is said to have been of "a
tall, spare figure, six feet in height, homely and hard-
featured, with sandy hair, and a large, clear, blue eye.
His health was delicate and his voice weak ; his manner
grave, and his action natural but not vehement. He
excelled as an extemporaneous orator. His eloquence
was of that fervid kind, which captivates and carries away
the hearer even in spite of himself."*
His services were not infrequently called for on public
occasions. One such was when the outrages by the Creek
Indians on the Mobile, and in the Mississippi Valley,
aroused the military spirit of Middle Tennessee. A large
assemblage of citizens convened at Xashville, "and Mr.
Craighead was conducted to the chair as president, and
in an eloquent and impressive speech stated the object
of the meeting. A copy of his address on the occasion
* Davidson's History of the Presbyterian Church in Kentucky.
THIRD GENERATION. 71
was requested, and was published with the proceedings
of the meeting."*
The Hon. John Breckinridge, who was a frequent at-
tendant upon Mr. Craighead's ministry, states "that his
discourses made a more lasting impression on him than
those of any other man." And his ablest opponent in the
Synod of Kentucky, Rev. Dr. Campbell, while condemn-
ing what he regarded as defects in his preaching, paid
him the following high compliment: "You are no Locke ;
you are no Edwards ; you are no Butler ; but you are
capable of being what I should covet a thousand times
more, a Massillon or a Bridaine." Still another authority
says of him : "A man of fine talents and capable of close
thought, he did the cause of religion much service. In
the latter part of his life he had some difficulties that
hindered for a time his usefulness, but which served to
draw forth the friendly influence and unqualified appro-
bation of General Jackson."
A striking proof of the latter's confidence in, and at-
tachment for Mr. Craighead, is narrated by Mr. Parton in
his life of the old hero. "Years after thisf the patriotic
clerg}- man incurred the disapproval of a portion of his
brethren, and was, at length, openly accused of heresy.
An evening was appointed for the investigation of the
charge. General Jackson, Mrs. Jackson, and a lady of
their household, were in prompt attendance to stand by
their friend in his time of trouble. At nine in the even-
ing the parson rose to reply to the accusation, or rather
to state fully and precisely what his opinions were, and
to show that the}' accorded with the writings recognized
* History of Middle Tennessee, by A. W. Putnam.
f Eeferring to a public address by Mr. Craighead in Nashville,
when the news was received of a massacre by Indians at Fort
72 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
by the church as authoritative." His very long address,
caused the large congregation rapidly to melt away.
"The eager parson, however, kept steadily on stating
his points and arranging his texts, regardless of the
empty pews ; for there sat General Jackson in the middle
of the church bolt upright, with his eyes intently fixed
upon the speaker. The General listened with a look of
such rapt attention, that he seemed to produce upon the
speaker the effect of a large assembly. When the parson
wound up his discourse and descended from the pulpit,
General Jackson went up to him and congratulated him
heartily upon his triumphant vindication."*
It may appear singular to some, that a person of the
character and political relations and standing of General
Jackson, should take so much interest in the fortunes of
a Presb} T terian minister. It must be borne in mind,
however, that these two men had been long associated
together in the Board of Trustees of Davidson Academy,
and then of the College, and were on terms of intimate
friendship and daily intercourse. There is abundant evi-
dence from other sources, that " General Jackson admired
him, as did all the pioneers of his part of the State. "f Be-
sides, the General was influenced by a sense of gratitude,
as well as affection, towards all who bore the name. When
he was taken prisoner at Waxhaw, after Buford's defeat
by Tarleton, and carried to the prison-ship in Charleston
harbor, his mother found a refuge, and home and kind
friends, in Mr. Craighead's father's congregation, at Sugar
Creek, North Carolina. And when Mrs. Jackson visited
Charleston to see her son, she was accompanied by Mrs.
Nancy Dunlap, the oldest daughter of Rev. Alexander.
The General's mother died of fever at the Quarter House,
* Parton's Jackson, vol. 2, pp. 655 and 656. f Ramsey.
THIRD GENERATION. 73
six miles from Charleston, and was cared for to the last
by Mrs. Dunlap. The kindness shown his mother by the
familv in this trying period, was never forgotten by Gen-
eral Jackson, and was the motive assigned to the writer
by President Polk, for the strong personal regard and at-
tachment which existed, and for the fact that when Mr.
Craighead was arraigned by the Synod of Kentucky,
Jackson appeared as his Judge Advocate.
Moreover, the General was descended from the same
Scotch-Irish stock, and was brought up in the Presby-
terian Church. His mother was a member of Wax-
haw Church, and had her son baptized there, with the
hope that he might some day be a minister. The impres-
sions received at home, and in his earlier years, never
wholly were lost. " The family Bible, covered with check
cloth, as his mother's was, la} T on the stand at the Hermi-
tage, where he ended his days; and he died at last the
death of the Christian, in the communion of the church
of his mother, a member in full of the Presbyterian
Mr. Craighead never fully recovered the prominent
position in the Church, which he held previous to his
ecclesiastical troubles. Though the action of the Pres-
bytery and Synod were pronounced by the Assembly,
the last court of appeal, to have been hasty and wrong,
and he was fully restored to the rights and privileges of a
minister of Christ, the decision came too late to be of
much value to him personally, or for the work he had
yet to do for his Master.f The ultimate vindication of
* Howe's Churches of South Carolina, p. 539.
f This account differs widely from that given in " The History
of the Presbyterian Church in Kentucky, 1 ' by Dr. Davidson. Un-
fortunately, as we think for the truth of history, that writer has
presented a detailed account of the controversies which Mr. Craig-
74 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
his good name may have solaced his last hours, which
had now come. Worn out by his sorrow, and afflicted
with blindness, he closed his long and varied life in the
year 1825, mourned not only by his family and immediate
relatives, but also by his surviving compatriots. He was
buried near the Hermitage, and is thus not far removed,
even in death, from his honored friend, whom in life he
loved so well and trusted so implicitly.
(J4. John Brown, born — , 1785; married 1. Jane Dickerson ;
2. Mrs. Lavinia Beck.
65. Jane, born — , 1787; died, unmarried, 1846.
66. David, " —,1790; married Mrs. Mary Hunt
67. Alexander, " — ,1792; died, 1825, unmar. in Mo.
68. William Brown, " — , 1793; died, unmarried, 1848, near
69. James Brown, " — ,1795; married Jane Preston.
70. Thomas Brown, " — , 1798; died, unmar., 1862, in Ark.
CAPT. EOBERT CRAIGHEAD was the second son
of Rev. Alexander, born June 27, 1751, and lived in
North Carolina until the year 1789. He was married to
Hannah Clark, who was born September, 1751, by whom
head had with his brethren in Kentucky, giving their version of
the same ; while he has omitted the review and judgment of the
whole case by the impartial tribunal of the General Assembly.
He merely informs his readers that Mr. Craighead was finally re-
THIRD GENERATION. 75
he had nine children. Fully sympathizing with his
father's advanced political sentiments, no sooner was war
declared with England, than he took up arms in defence
of his country. He was a captain under General Sum-
ter, and is said to have been a brave and excellent officer.
His zeal and patriotism were such, that his life was
eagerly sought by the Royalists under Cornwallis and
Tarleton; and he was obliged to conceal his family in the
bushes on Sugar Creek, while he was away fighting the
enemies of his country.
At the battle of Guilford Court House he was severely
wounded in the shoulder, and would have died on the
field of battle, had it not been for the kindness of a Ca-
tawba Indian, who carried him to a place of security,
and aided his escape in a wagon. He was subsequently
cared for by the men of General Morgan's command,
who were guarding the prisoners taken in Tarleton 's de-
feat at the Cowpens. From his wound he never fully
recovered. The Indian was accustomed to pay a 3 f early
visit to Mr. Craighead until he removed from the State,
and we may be certain that his kindness was not for-
After the war, and about the year 1189 or 1790, he re-
moved to Tennessee, and purchased land from Col. Fran-
cis Ramse} T , on the Holston River, six miles above Knox-
ville. Here he continued to live until 1792, when he re-
moved to Knoxville. He was for many years a civil
magistrate of Knox County, and he and four of his sons
were elders of the Presbyterian Church. He died May
7th, 1821 ; his wife, October 11th, 1813. "He ever sus-
tained the reputation of an excellent citizen, and died at
an advanced age, and is buried in the graveyard of the
First Presbyterian Church, Knoxville."*
* Letter of Major E. C. McRhee, Soddy, Tenn.
71. Jane, born March 27, 1774; mar. William McEhee.
72. Mary, " May 10, 1776; died 1778.
73. William, " Oct. 1, 1778; mar. Jane Gillespie.
74. Thomas, " March 6, 1781 ; mar. Mary Gillespie.
75. John, " July 14, 1783; mar. Temperance Nelson.
76. Alexander, " March 14, 1786 ; died unm. October, 1807.
77. Margaret, " August 14, 1788; died unm. July 10, 1816.
78. Rachel, " May 22, 1791 ; mar. John M. Cullen.
79. Benjamin, " Feb. 20, 1794; mar. Orlena Bunch.
NANCY CRAIGHEAD, the eldest daughter of Rev.
Alexander Craighead, married, 1759, Rev. William Rich-
ardson, pastor of Waxhaw Church, S. C. Mr. Richard-
son was an Englishman, came to Philadelphia, 1750,
afterwards went to Virginia, and resided in the family of
Rev. Samuel Davies. Ordained by Hanover Presbytery
July 18th, 1758. Had no children, but brought up his
nephew, William Richardson Davie. " He took especial
pains to guide him aright, to direct his studies, and im-
plant within him those noble principles which in after life
produced such noble fruits. Under this training he be-
came 'a great man in the age of great men.' He was a
patriot, a soldier, a jurist, a statesman, and a diplo-
Though pastor of Waxhaw Church, Mr. Richardson's
labors were not confined to that particular congregation.
Indeed, for seventy miles around, he extended his evan-
gelistic labors, visiting the people, and gathering them
into churches. His preaching tours would continue for a
* Howe's His. Pres. Ch., p. 531
THIRD GENERATION. 77
month, during which he preached daily. Messengers
were frequently arriving to obtain his services as a
preacher at different places. The churches in Chester and
York, and Pacolet Church and Fairforest, are said to have
been founded by him.* He " was a burning and shining
light, a star of the first magnitude, a great Christian, a
most eminent minister.''^ His tombstone in the north-
east corner of Waxhaw gravej'ard bears the inscription,
" He lived to purpose ; he preached with fidelity ; he
prayed for his people ; and being dead he speaks. Born
1729, at Egremont, England ; died July 20th, 1771."
After Mr. Richardson's death, his widow married
George Dunlap; had five children, and died 1790. She is
represented as being " a lad} r of great beauty and talent,
and to have possessed much of her father's spirit." An
instance of her presence of mind is related in the Women
of the Revolution, vol. 2, pp. 154 and 155. While on a visit
in 1781 to her sister Rachel, wife of Dr. Caldwell of Guil-
ford, the latter's house was surrounded by armed Tories,
for the purpose of seizing the Doctor, who was an ardent
Whig, and taking him to the British camp. As they
were about to leave the house with their plunder and their
prisoner, Mrs. Dunlap coming from another room, stepped
up behind Dr. Caldwell, leaned over his shoulder and
whispered to him, as if intending the question for his ear
alone, asking him if it were not time for Gillespie and
his men to be there. A soldier standing near heard the
words, and in great alarm demanded what she meant.
The lady replied she was merely speaking with her brother.
In a moment all was confusion, the whole party were
panic-stricken, and in the consternation produced by this
* Howe's Hist. Pres. Church, S. C.
f Mr. A. Simpson, an early friend and companion.
78 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
ingenious manoeuvre, the Tories fled precipitately, leav-
ing their prisoner and plunder.
Her daughter Nancy had eleven children. Margaret
married Mr. Huey; Nancy married Russel Price; Rachel
Arsina married Dr. Leonard Strait; David married Miss
Huey; and Jones married Miss Gill. All living, and re-
side in Lancaster District, South Carolina. Other chil-
dren, John, Eli, Minerva Jane, George Hyder, Robert
H., and Mary, all dead.
Her daughter Rachel married John Xeeley, 1806; and
her daughter Selina married Major Robert G. Mills, and
had three children, Edward, Major Thomas, and Julius.
Children by Second Marriage.
80. David, physician of Charlotte, N. C. ; left one son, Hamil-
ton Dunlap, of Eutaw, Ala.
81. George, of Wadesborough ; left children, Benjamin, Joseph,
82. Nancy, married Andrew Crockett ; died 1830.
83. Jane, " Edward Crawford ; died 1840.
84. Rachel, " John Neeley ; died 1874, in Drew Co., Ark.
RACHEL CRAIGHEAD, the second daughter of Rev.
Alexander Craighead, married, in 1766, Rev. David Cald-
well, D.D.,* of Guilford, North Carolina, and died June
Dr. Caldwell taught a classical school at Guilford for
many years, and educated a large number of the most
eminent men of that day in the South.
Dr. Foote, speaking of his son, Rev. S. Craighead Cald-
well, says, " He had enough of the warm heart and ardent
THIRD GENERATION. 79
piet}^ of his mother, to make him both lovely and be-
loved." And again, " The influence of Mrs. (David) Cald-
well over the students was great, and all in favor of re-
ligion ; and on that subject she was their confidant and
adviser. Intelligent, kind, prudent, and conciliatory, she
won their hearts, and directed their judgments, and the
current saying was, ' Dr. Caldwell made the scholars, but
Mrs. Caldwell made the preachers.' Multitudes will rise
up and call her blessed." , " A wonderful woman to coun-
sel and encourage," sa3's another writer.
Rev. Mr. Caruthers, in his life of Dr. Caldwell, says,
" For good sense and ardent piet} T , Mrs. Caldwell had
few, if anj r , equals, and certainly no superiors at that
time in this region of country. In every respect she was
an ornament to her sex, and a credit to the station which
she occupied. Her intelligence, prudence, and kind and
conciliating manners, were such as to secure the respect
and confidence of the young men in the school, while her
concern for their future welfare, prompted her to use every
means for turning their attention to their personal salva-
tion. Whenever any of them became concerned about
their salvation, the resort was to Mrs. Caldwell in prefer-
ence to anybody else ; while all who were pious when they
went to the school, or who became so while there, have
always spoken of her with the highest veneration, and
have borne a uniform testimony to her uncommon intel-
ligence on the subject of religion, including doctrines,
precepts, experiences, etc., her devotional spirit, her
cheerful piety, her humble zeal, and her confidence in
A life thus consecrated to the service of Christ, would
lead us to expect a peaceful, if not a triumphant, death.
And the closing scene is thus described :
" For } T ears she had said that her greatest trial was her
80 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
impatience to leave this world and get to a better. This
impatience she believed to be wrong, and was often
grieved to think that she was not completely resigned to
the divine will ; but it continued until the very moment
of her discharge; for almost the last thing she said was,
' 0, what hinders that his chariot-wheels delay so long?'
She retained her senses and all her faculties until the
last breath, and a more instructive scene than her death-
bed is seldom witnessed. Only an hour or two before
she died, having perceived that they were preparing to
make her burying-clothes, she gave, with perfect calmness
and pleasantness, directions respecting certain parts of
them ; and seemed to be as attentive to the comfort and
welfare of those about her, as if she had been a minister-
ing spirit sent from heaven for the purpose. She had her
servants all called into her room, and mentioned b}-name
the old woman who had nursed most of, her children.
Finding all present as she wished, and feeling that the
time of her departure was come, with quite a strong
voice, she called upon her son Alexander to engage in
prayer, which he did. While all were thus engaged, and
on their knees, she asked her youngest son, who sat by
her, for some water. Having raised up and taken it when
presented, she sunk back into the bed again ; put up her
hands and closed her own e} T es, then folded her arms
across her breast, and with the next breath meekly re-
signed her spirit into the hands of her Redeemer."* Xext
day her remains were interred beside those of her husband ;
and a marble slab, with a simple but appropriate inscrip-
tion, was placed over their graves.
* Carutlier's Life of Caldwell, p. 269.
THIRD GENERATION. 81
85. Samuel Craighead, born 1767 ; mar. 1st, Abigail Alexander ;
2d, Elizabeth Lindsay ; died Aug. 25th, 1824.
86. Alexander Caldwell, born 1769 ; mar. Sarah Davidson ; died
Oct. 2, 1811.
87. Andrew, born 1771 ; died June 12th, 1845.
88. James Edmund, born 1772 ; died July, 1836, unmarried.
89. Martha, born 1775; unmarried, and date of death unknown.
90. David, f born Oct. 7th, 1777; \ David mar. Susan Clark,
91. Thomas, I " " " i and died July 3d, 1857.
92. John Washington, born 1780; mar. Margaret Cabe, and
died Dec. 8, 1844.
93. Kobert Craighead, born 1786; mar. 1st, Maria Latta ; 2d,
Marjora Woodbourn ; 3d, Mary Claney.
JANE CRAIGHEAD, third daughter of Kev. Alex-
ander Craighead, married Patrick Calhoun. She had
two children, but both died young. "She was very
beautiful, smart, and sprightly ; had a fine disposition,
and was a great favorite." After her death, Mr. Cal-
houn married a Miss Caldwell, of Abbeville, who was the
mother of Hon. John Caldwell Calhoun.
MAKGARET CRAIGHEAD, the fourth daughter of
Rev. Alexander Craighead, married Mr. Carruth. Know
nothing of her descendants.
MARY CRAIGHEAD, the fifth daughter of Rev.
Alexander Craighead, married Samuel Dunlap. Nothing
more is known of the family.
82 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
ELIZABETH CEAIGHEAD, the sixth daughter of
Rev. Alexander Craighead, married Alexander Crawford.
Moved to Tennessee about 1800. Their son Alexander
was with General Jackson at the battle of Xew Orleans.
THOMAS CRAIGHEAD, son of John and Rachel
R. Craighead, born March 15th, 1137, married Margaret
Gilson, of East Pennsborough, Pa. He resided his entire
lifetime on his father's property, adding to its value by
additional purchases. His character is thus portrayed :
" In his death his family have lost an affectionate head
and society a very useful member, whose activity and zeal
in matters both of a civil and religious nature, were con
spicuous and exemplary."* His death took place, No
vember 13th, 1807. His wife born in 1738 ; died Decern
ber 17th, 1813.
94. John, born Feb, 18th, 1764; married Jane Lamb.
95. Richard, " Nov. 8th, 1765; died, unmarried, on the
Mansion farm, Nov. 22d, 1852.
96. Thomas, born April 28th, 1768; mar. Rebecca "Weakley.
97. James, " Jan. 6th, 1772; married Margaret Gilson.
98. George, » Feb. 20th, 1774 ; married Mary Gillespie.
99. "William, born April 23d, 1779; mar. Hetty Weakley.
100. Rachel, " July 10th, 1783; mar. John A. Cooper.
JOHN CEAIGHEAD was the second son of John
and Rachel R. Craighead, who removed from Lancaster
* Kline's Gazette, November, 1807.
THIRD GENERATION. 83
County, Pa., in the year 1742, and settled on a large tract
of land four miles south of Carlisle. His great grand-
father was Rev. Robert Craighead, a Scotchman, who
went to Ireland as early as 1657 or 1658, and was pastor
first at Donoughmore and then at Londonderry. He sub-
sequently resided in Dublin, and was the author of sev-
eral volumes on Practical Religion, and on the Contro-
versy with the Prelatists of Ireland. Rev. Thomas
Craighead, son of Robert, was his grandfather, who came
to New England in 1715, and after preaching eight years
near Fall River, Mass., removed to Delaware, and was
installed pastor over the Presbyterian Church at White
Clay Creek. In 1733 he accepted a call to Pequea, Lan-
caster County, Pa., and afterwards to Hopewell (Xew-
ville, Cumberland County), where he closed his ministry
with his life.
The subject of this sketch was born in the year 1742,
and passed his early youth on his father's farm. He
pursued his classical studies at Princeton College, gradu-
ating in 1763. From Carlisle Presbytery, October 30th,
1765, he received a letter of recommendation to the Pres-
byteiy of Lancaster, within whose bounds he was prose-
cuting the study of divinity. The latter Presbytery being
in existence but a single year, he was transferred to
Donegal Presbytery and appointed as a probationer, "to
supply vacancies within its bounds." A call from Rocky
Spring,* near Chambersburg, Pa., was placed in his hands,
April, 1767, as also an application for his services from
Newcastle Presbyteiy. The latter invitation led to a
correspondence between the two Presbyteries, the final
result of which was an acceptance by Mr. Craighead, in
October of the same year, of the call from Rocky Spring,
84 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
at a salary of £100; when he presented a certificate of
dismission and recommendation from Newcastle Presby-
tery (into which connection he had come by a new ad-
justment of the Presbyteries by Synod) to Donegal
Presbytery, and "was cheerfully and heartily received."
His sermon, exegesis, examinations in Greek and Latin,
and the various parts of trial, are stated as having been
"fully sustained;" and he was ordained and installed by
Presbytery April 13th, 17 68.
From the records of Presbytery it appears that Mr.
Craighead continued without interruption and with great
fidelity and usefulness in this pastoral relation until the
year 1789, discharging not only his duties to his own
congregation, but spending much of his time, as was the
custom with these pioneer preachers, in organizing
churches and supplying settlements, which had no regu-
lar means of grace. An interruption of his labors oc-
curred for one year at this time, owing to ill-health,
which incapacitated him both "in mind and body to
attend to the duties of his office."* But we find him again
regularly in his place at the meeting of Carlisle Presby-
tery (which had been organized in 1786) in the spring of
1791, when he was appointed its Commissioner to the
General Assembly; and, in the June meeting of 1792,
supplies were provided for his pulpit in order that he
might fulfil a mission on which he was sent by the As-
sembly. What this mission was, or the time occupied in
its discharge, we are not informed. Most probably it
was of a similar character to that which was frequently
intrusted to the more prominent and experienced clergy-
men of this region — that of several months' missionary
* He was subject to great depression of spirits at times, which
w fitted him for preaching and pastoral duties.
THIRD GENERATION. 85
labors among the scattered members of Christ's flock, who
lived remote from organized churches, and were deprived
of the sacraments. These missionary tours were made
on horseback, over mountains, and through forests, with
nothing oftentimes to mark the road but blazed trees;
and frequently they consumed months in their prosecu-
tion, and extended to a distance of several hundred miles.
The next mention made of Mr. Craighead is in 1793,
when he was again chosen to represent his Presbytery in
the Assembly ; and it would appear he was in the per-
formance of all his official duties as pastor until some
time in IT 95 or IT 96, when an application was made to
the Presbytery for supplies on account of his inability
"to discharge the ministerial functions." His ill-health
continuing, and the Presbytery believing "that there are
not probable symptoms of recovery, and that his tem-
poral circumstances are comfortable," dissolved the pas-
toral relation on April 9th, 1799, "solely for inability."
His death almost immediately followed, taking place
April 20th, IT 99. His body was laid to rest in the grave-
yard adjoining the church, where he had so long and so
ably preached the Gospel, and over it an affectionate
people erected a suitable memorial, on which are inscribed
his name, the dates of his installation and death, and
that, "He was a faithful and zealous servant of Jesus
While on his way to join the American arm}' in Xew
Jersey, and in passing through Lancaster County, he
stopped with his company at the house of Rev. Adam
Boyd, where he made the acquaintance of his daughter
Jenny. After the close of the campaign they were
married. His wife, who was born March 17th, 1T30,
survived him, and died in Carlisle, Pa., 1803, leaving no
86 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
Mr. Craighead, like nearly every other Preslyyterian
minister in the Cumberland Yalle\ T , and indeed in this
country, was an earnest patriot in the war for Indepen-
dence. He could scarcely have been different, descended
as he was from a Scotch-Irish ancestry, who in Scotland,
Ireland, and in this country, were ever foremost in their
resistance to all forms of oppression, and in their main-
tenance of civil and religious libert}'. His uncle, Rev.
Alexander Craighead, at as early a period as 1742, while
residing in Lancaster Count3 T , published such advanced
sentiments on the subject of political freedom that he in-
curred the displeasure of the Governor of the Province,
and also of his fellow ministers ; so that he finally re-
moved to North Carolina, where his opinions and teach-
ing were said to have been more influential than those of
any other individual in the final production of the cele-
brated Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence.
The zeal and devotion of the subject of this sketch in
his country's cause was similarly noteworth}-. It is said
of him that " he fought and preached alternately ;" refer-
ring to his acting as captain of his companj T , when on
the march and in battle, while in camp he discharged the
duties of chaplain to his soldiers.
Referring to a large oak tree which stood at the en-
trance to the mansion of one of his parishioners, Mr.
Sharp, a writer,* sa} T s : " Here also, in the early days of the
Revolution, the brave and gifted Craighead gathered the
men of this remote part of his congregation, and stand-
ing under its majestic branches, addressed them in favor of
American Independence. In thrilling tones he exhorted
his members to stand up boldly, and let their slogan cry,
■ God and Liberty,' forever ring from mountain to moun-
* C. J. McClay, M.D.
THIRD GENERATION.. 87
tain. Roused b} r his fervid eloquence and patriotic ex-
ample, they enlisted in defence of liberty, and their names
may be found amongst those slaughtered at the ' Paoli '
and the ' Billett ;' who suffered at Talley Forge, and who
fought at Brandywine, Monmouth, and other battles."
Still another writer states that he preached " in glow-
ing terms, Jesus Christ, the only hope of salvation, and
after the delivery of his sacred message, in eloquent and
patriotic strains exhorted the } T outh of his congregation
to rise up and join the noble band, then engaged under
the immortal Washington, in struggling to free our be-
loved country from British oppression." On one of these
occasions, the patriot preacher declaimed in such fervid
and powerful terms respecting the evils his country was
enduring, and presented such a description of each man's
duty that " the whole congregation rose from their seats
and declared their willingness to march to the conflict."
Besides inspiring others with courage and resolution,
as is further evinced by a sermon still preserved in the
Presbyterian Historical Society entitled, Courage in a
Good Cause, preached before Col. Montgoineiy's Batta-
lion, August 31st, 1775, Mr. Craighead, at the commence-
ment of the war, " raised a company from the members of
his own congregation, put himself at their head, and
joined Washington's army in New Jersey." In many
hardfought battles this clerical captain and his men,
" gave undoubted evidence that their courage was of no
The bold and faithful pastor subsequently returned to
his congregation, and watched over it until increasing
infirmities, and finally death, severed the endearing re-
88 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
JAMES CRAIGHEAD, son of John and Rachel B.
Craighead, born , married Isabella Gilson, sister of
his brother Thomas's wife. Was a farmer, and lived on
a portion of the Mansion farm, patented originally by his
101. James Gilson, born April 4th, 1765; died April 5th, 1822.
102. Rachel, married Solomon Lightcap.
CATHARINE CRAIGHEAD, daughter of John and
Rachel R. Craighead, born November, 1748, married
William Geddes, of East Pennsborough, Pa., November,
1778. He was born in 1735, and previously married
Sarah McAllen, by whom he had children, James,* Mar-
garet, John, Paul, William, and Robert. By his second
wife he had only one child.
104. Thomas, born Aug. 8th, 1779; mar. Mary Craighead; died
1831, leaving no children.
MARGARET CRAIGHEAD, daughter of Captain
William and Mildred Thompson Craighead, born Novem-
ber 30th. 1759, married July 6th, 1786, Samuel Sandys, of
FOURTH GENERATION. 89
Lancashire, England, " of the ancient and distinguished
family of that name, now residing at Graithwaite Hall, in
that county, and descended from Sir Edwin Sandys,
Archbishop of York." Mrs. Mary Craighead Griffin, of
Washington, D.C., aged seventy-seven years, is the only
She had children, William Edwin, who died aged
twent} T -nine years. Ann Eliza, married, 1. Thomas B.
Moseley, of Virginia; 2. Colonel Jennings Piggott, X. C;
no children. Mary Jane married Thomas Reynolds,
N. C, and have children, Dr. Wallis B., of Washington,
D.C., Anna Grace, Nelson Graves. Patronilla Chappel
married Dr. B. C. Cooke, Washington, D.C., and have
children, Florence Virginia, Ella Sandys. Virginia
Strickland married Dr. A. N. Williamson, Washington,
D.C., and have children, Mary Amelia, Edwin Sandys,
Arthur Norville, Bessie Bittenger. John C. married
Miss T. C. V. Jones, of Lunenburg County, Va., and
have children, Lelia Epes, Mary Spencer, Dena, William
Edwin, Thaddeus P., Ernest. Margaret Ellen, and J.
Nelson, unmarried, and reside in Washington, D.C.
GEOKGE CEAIGHEAD, second son of Captain Wil-
liam and Mildred Thompson Craighead, born in Hanover
County, April 15th, 1762, married Petronilla Lambkin,
of Nottoway County, Virginia. Removed when quite
young with his father to Lunenburg .Count}", where he
continued to reside until his death, in 1851, "revered by
the community in which he lived ; admired, cherished,
and loved by those bound to him b}^ the more intimate
ties and relations of life."
90 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
He was educated at Hampden Sidney College, entering
as a student the first session of the institution, and before
any of the buildings were completed. He ever cherished
the strongest affection for his Alma Mater ; and that he
improved his time and advantages while in college, is
shown by the fact that when "ninety years of age, al-
though the active duties of his profession prevented him
from keeping up his classical studies, he was able to
conjugate the Greek verb backwards and forwards, as
well as quote long passages from Greek and Latin au-
thors." At the age of seventeen he left college for a
short time, in compan}^ with other students, to repel a
threatened invasion of the British.
" He studied law under William Cowan, Esq., and
brought to his profession all the ardor, earnestness,
honesty, punctuality, and intrepidity of his nature. His
practice, partly from the high standing of his father, was
from the first very large and lucrative, requiring him to
attend the courts not only of Lunenburg, but all the ad-
In Lunenburg County he was the attorney for the Com-
monwealth for thirty-nine years, and in the language of
one of the ablest lawyers of Virginia, " during that time
he was counsel, court, and evei\ything." In his business
he was guided b}^ a few simple rules, among which were
these : to do everything in the best manner, taking the
necessary time for doing it ; to be methodical, regular,
and exact in the discharge of every duty, private or pub-
lic ; and under no circumstances to use his client's money.
As a lawyer, though not distinguished for oratoiy, " he
was always straightforward and methodical, and with a
character established for sincerity, as well as accuracy of
information, with a thorough intolerance and abhorrence
of wrong, he erected a high standard of right ; and in his
FOUETH GENERATION. 91
official capacity the evil doer could expect little favor at
his hands. His high sense of honor, gentleness, wisdom,
and integrity earned for him the distinguished appella-
tion of 'honest lawyer and true gentleman.' "
Possessed of a large estate, his hospitality was un-
bounded, and characteristic of Virginia in her palmiest
days. He kept literally an " open house," to which " the
stranger and the wayfaring man, from the humblest to
the highest, were kindly admitted, and welcomed to the
best of everything. And when friends came, and in this
instance, all acquaintances were friends, new life seemed
to be infused into all about the premises, the master, the
mistress, and the servants ; and all visitors felt not only
welcome, but that they had brought happiness to the
household. Always prepared for company, the mistress
of the house was never surprised by a new arrival."
The " preachers' room " was often occupied bj r some of
the most distinguished divines of that da}' ; and when the
court was in session his house was the home of the judges
and lawyers, where was found ample provision both for
man and beast.
In the social circle " he was inimitable, as a talker, full
of humor, anecdote, and reminiscences of notable men."
As a husband and a master, he was ever loving, con-
siderate, and kind. The same love of order and punc-
tuality, was observed in the house and on the plantation.
His servants were comfortably housed, fed, and clothed,
and when sick they had the best medical advice and
nursing, with the unremitting personal attention of him-
self and wife. The same thoughtfulness and care were
shown also, to all the domestic animals. It need scarcely
be added, for such characters are not formed by nature
but by grace divine, that he was for many years a con-
sistent member of the Bethan}' Presbyterian Church.
92 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
Having no children of their own, this happy couple
reared and educated several nieces and nephews, whose
descendants hold their memory in grateful, lasting re-
Most of the above information has been kindly fur-
nished by one of these, Dr. R. I. H. Hatchett, of Lunen-
burg County, Ya., a grand nephew of Mrs. George Craig-
head, who writes from "the old chamber " of the paternal
mansion, in which husband and wife, calmly and peace-
fully breathed out their earthly lives.
WILLIAM CEAIGHEAD, son of Captain William and
Mildred Thompson Craighead, born January 21st, 1768;
married, 1790, Frances Glenn. He was a highly respect-
able citizen of Lunenburg, Ya., and died at an advanced
age, August 10th, 1848. His wife died June, 1834.
105. George, born Sept. 25th, 1796; died June 20th, 1843, unmar.
106. Sally, " ; married Mr. Stone, and moved to Hen-
derson, Ky., leaving several children.
107. Mildred, born ; died young.
108. Petronilla, " Oct. 11th, 1804; married April 17th, 1821,
Peter Burton, of Mecklenburg County, Ya., who died
1861. Had ten children. She is still living.
109. Martha, born ; married Capt. Frederick Lester, of
Lunenburg County, Ya. Left seven children.
110. William Glenn, born Feb. 9th, 1808; died June 4th, 1857,
111. Mary, born ; unmarried and living in Ky.
THOMAS THOMPSON CEAIGHEAD, son of Cap-
tain William and Mildred Thompson Craighead, born
FOURTH GENERATION. 93
January 23d, 1713; married Frances C. Matthews, of
Prince Edward County, Ya. He was " a plain, worthy,
eccentric man." Died May 11th, 1849, leaving only one
child, Salty, who married Elisha B. Jackson, who still
lives at Lunenburg Court House, Ya. She died, leaving
one son, George Craighead Jackson, of Staunton, Ya.
ISABELLA CEAIGHEAD, second daughter of Col-
onel George and Ann Brattain Craighead, born July
15th, 1163; married James Park. Died April 5th, 1833.
Husband died before.
1 12. Samuel, born 1806 ; mar. Sarah Philips, and had a daughter,
died in infancy. He is dead, and his wife living, and
married to Mr. Hanna.
113. George C. f born 1809; died 1819.
ESTHEE CEAIGHEAD, fourth daughter of Col.
George and Ann Brattain Craighead, born March 31st,
1766; married November 26th, 1812, Alexander Scott, of
Washington County, Pa., father of Judge Josiah Scott,
of the Supreme Court of Ohio. Mr. Scott was first mar-
ried in 1790 to Rachel McDowell, daughter of Hon. John
McDowell, by whom he had nine children. The oldest,
Yiolet, married William Colmeiy, and is the mother of
Rev. Dr. Colmery, of Oxford, Ohio. Mrs. Rachel Scott
was a woman of great excellence of character, but died
leaving a family of young children, " badly needing a
94 CPwAIGHEAD FAMILY.
mother's gentle and kindly care. In this sad condition,
God in his great goodness sent Esther Craighead to be
our mother. And well did she discharge the duties of
" The memory of her unwearied labors, her motherly
love, her fervent prayers, and anxious cares for us who
were strangers to her in blood, and but little able to ap-
preciate her goodness ; the untiring patience with which
she bore with all our waywardness, the unselfish devotion
with which she sought to promote our interests, temporal
and eternal, and loved and labored as only a Christian
mother could — the memory of all this makes the very
name of Craighead dear to my heart. This world of sin
has rarely seen a better stepmother. In my father's
absence, she never failed to lead in family worship, morn-
ing and evening."*
She had no children; died September 1th, 1825, and
was buried in Chartiers Church graveyard.
THOMAS BEATTAIN CRAIGHEAD, son of Col.
George and Ann Brattain Craighead, born Januarj^ 6th,
1768; married January 17th, 1792, Rachel Allison, the
oldest daughter of Judge James Allison, near Canons-
burgh, Pa. Her only sister was married to Rev. Dr.
McElroy, of Xew York City. Thomas was " a successful
physician, eminently qualified by culture, nature, and
grace, to discharge the responsible duties of his profes-
sion. His practice was in the town of Canonsburgh, and
the surrounding country. Here he labored until his
health failed, when he moved to a farm, adjoining that of
* Judge Josiah Scott, Columbus, Ohio.
FOURTH GENERATION. 95
his wife's father, where he lingered for several years, suf-
fering with drops}', and died in the year 1821."
114. Mary, born Jan. 5th, 1793 ; mar. David Watson.
115. Anna, " Oct. 27th, 1794; mar. William Willson.
116. George, " Sept. 10th, 1797; died Aug. 15th, 1799.
WILLIAM CRAIGHEAD, son of Col. George and
Ann Brattain Craighead, born July 25th, 1111 ; married,
December 19th, 1800, Jane Boggs, who was born in Dela-
ware, November, 1174, and died April 14th, 1859. He
died May 22d, 1853. Lived in Washington County, Pa.
117. George, born Dec. 24th, 1801 ; mar. Elizabeth S. Neill.
118. James, " Feb. 10th, 1805; unmar., lives on farm near
119. William, born Dec. 1st, 1806 ; died April 22d, 1836, unm.
120. Nancy, " July 7th, 1808 ; died in infancy.
121. Thomas, " Sept. 10th, 1810; " "
122. John Brattain, born July 17th, 1814; graduated at Jeffer-
son College, 1841 ; lives with his brother James.
ELIZABETH CRAIGHEAD, daughter of Colonel
George and Ann Brattain Craighead, born August 18th,
1113 ; married Samuel Wilson in 1815 ; died June 23d,
1845, leaving a daughter Elizabeth and a son George.
123. Elizabeth, born March 24th, 1816; mar. John Boggs, June
96 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
23d, 1834; children, Mary M., Elizabeth Ann, David,
Samuel W., George C, William Judson. Live in Alle-
ghany City, Pa.
124. George, born Aug. 22d, 1817 ; mar. Margaret J. Taggart,
Aug. 24th, 1841. Has six daughters. Lives near Bloom-
field, 111. A Baptist preacher, and farmer and author.
JOHN BKOWN CEAIGHEAD, the first son of Rev.
Thomas B. and Elizabeth Brown Craighead, was born
at Haysborough, Tenn., 1785, and married for his first
wife Jane Dickerson, by whom he had two sons. His
second wife was Mrs. Lavinia Beck, formerly Robertson,
the daughter of Gen. James Robertson, a noted pioneer
of Tennessee, who came to the State with General Jack-
son. She died in 1865. Mr. Craighead was a successful
sugar planter, near Plaquemine, La., and died in 1853.
125. Joseph E., born 1813; mar. Phereby K. White.
126. Thomas B., " 1821; mar. Tennessee Virginia Johnston.
JANE CEAIGHEAD, the only daughter of Rev.
Thomas and Elizabeth Broivn Craighead, was born in
1187, and died unmarried in 1846. She was a woman of
great culture and refinement.
DAVID CEAIGHEAD, the second son of Rev.
Thomas and Elizabeth Brown Craighead, was born in the
year IT 90, and married in 1820 Mrs. Mary Hunt Good-
loe, formerly Macon, daughter of John Macon, of War-
renton, N. C, and grand-niece of Hon. Nathaniel Macon.
She died in Nashville in 1872, greatly beloved and re-
spected. Mr. Craighead was a lawyer of distinction in
Nashville, Tenn., a man of superior talents, and a public
speaker in great repute. Some years previous to his
death, which took place in Memphis, January, 1849, he
removed to Arkansas, and largely engaged in operations
as a planter.
127. Elizabeth B., born 1823 ; died 1841.
128. James B., «« 1825; married Ellen K. Erwin.
129. Mary Jane, " 1827; " Thomas W. Preston.
130. Joanna M., " 1830; " James Ellis.
131. Thomas D., " Dec. 26, 1831 ; m. Kachel Adelia Carter.
JAMES BROWN CRAIGHEAD, the fifth son of Rev.
Thomas and Elizabeth Brown Craighead, was born in
IT 95, and married Miss Jane Preston, sister of Mr.
Thomas W. Preston, of Abingdon, Ya. He was an emi-
nent lawyer, and a planter for many years in Alabama.
He died in 1860.
98 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
THOMAS B, CEAIGHEAD, the youngest son of
Rev. Thomas and Elizabeth Brown Craighead, was born
in 1198, and resided for many j^ears previous to his death,
1862, in Arkansas. Was a man of very high order of
talent, of great learning and originality, and a lawyer of
large reputation. For many years he represented his
district in the Senate of Arkansas ; and the county of
Craighead, in that State, was named in honor of him.
Was never married.
JANE CEAIGHEAD, the first daughter of Captain
Robert and Hannah Clark Craighead, was born in North
Carolina, March 27th, 1174, and married William McRhee,
Esq. They had but one surviving child, Major Robert
C. McRhee, of Sodcty, Hamilton County, East Tennessee.
Her death occurred March 22d, 1848. The son married,
and had two sons and two daughters, all of whom are
married, and have families.
WILLIAM CEAIGHEAD, the oldest son of Capt.
Robert and Hannah Clark Craighead, was born in North
Carolina, October 1st, 1778, and married Jane Gillespie.
He was a highly respected citizen of Lebanon, Tenn., serv-
ing for a long time as a civil magistrate in Knox Count}',
and as an elder in the Presbyterian Church of Lebanon.
He died March 21st, 1835*
FOURTH GENERATION. 99
142. John V., born 1800; died unmar. September 8th, 1827.
143. Kobert Clark, born 1802; died unmar. Aug. 29th, 1823.
144. Thomas G., " Aug. 19, 1805; m. Kutelia Armstrong.
145. Hannah Malinda, born May 20th, 1809 ; mar. Samuel S.
146. William, born Aug. 25th, 1811 ; died unm. Aug. 15th, 1835.
147. Samuel G., " May 15th, 1814; mar. Nancy McGill.
148. Benjamin Alexander, born Aug. 12, 1816 ; d. Aug. 29, 1816.
THOMAS OEAIGHEAD, second son of Captain
Robert and Hannah Clark Craighead, born March 6th,
1781, married Mary Gillespie, of Knox County, Tenn.
After her death, married Mrs. Nancy McGill. Xo chil-
dren by last wife. Mr. Craighead was an elder of Mount
Bethel Church for many years. Died September 16th,
1839, and buried at Soddy, Tenn.
149. Thomas C, married Mary Parsons ; children, John N.,
William, and Mary.
150. Mary, married Thomas Parsons.
152. Sarah, married James Surgoin.
153. William, married, and lives in Missouri.
JOHN OEAIGHEAD, the third son of Capt. Robert
and Hannah Clark Craighead, was born July 14th, 1783,
and married, in 1806, Temperance Nelson, of Rockbridge
County, Virginia. She was born September 25th, 1787,
100 CKAIGHEAD FAMILY.
and died December 13th, 1842. He died July 21st, 1826.
Was an active and useful elder in the First Presbyterian
Church of Knoxville, Tenn.
154. Eliza H., born April 6th, 1806 ; mar. 1st, Hugh L. White ;
2d, Col. W. B. Ramsey.
155. James P. N"., born Dec. 3d, 1812; married Sarah Agnes
156. Kobert, born Sept. 23d, 1814; mar. Sophia E. White.
EAOHEL CKAIGHEAD, the youngest daughter of
Captain Robert and Hannah Clark Craighead, was born
in Tennessee, May 22d, 1791, and was married to John
M. Cullen, and soon after removed to Alabama. She
died October 11th, 1826.
160. James Harvey.
BENJAMIN CKAIGHEAD, the youngest son of Cap-
tain Robert and Hannah Clark Craighead, was born
in Tennessee, February 20th, 1794, and married Orlena
Bunch, daughter of Col. John Bunch, of Granger Count}',
East Tennessee. He removed about the } T ear 1835 to
Green County, Missouri, where he died, August 20th, 1839.
161. Eliza, who married Mr. Clark.
JOHN CRAIGHEAD, son of Thomas and Margaret
Gilson Craighead, born February 18th, 1764; married
Jane Lamb, of East Pennsborough, who was born May
7th, 1765. A farmer; lived and died on the farm now
owned and occupied by Mr. Bradley, in Cumberland
County, Pa. Died February 19th, 1814; his wife, Feb-
ruary 23d, 1809.
169. Peggy and ^
170. Kachel, J
172. Mary Lamb,
horn Dec. 9th, 1789; mar. Martha Sterrett.
" Nov. 25th, 1791 ; died 1816, unmar.
" March 4th, 1793; died in childhood.
" February 12th, 1795; married Phebe
" April 13th, 1797; married Dr. Pv. P.
" Aug. 24th, 1799; married Maria L.
" Dec. 18th, 1801 ; died in infancy.
" Aug. 24th, 1803 ; died in childhood.
" Aug. 12th, 1807; married Volney K.
THOMAS CRAIGHEAD, third son of Thomas and
Margaret Gilson Craighead, born April 28th, 1768 ; mar-
ried Rebecca Weakley, November, 1796. Was a miller
and farmer. Lived first at the mill, which was located
on the Mansion farm, and then on a farm at junction of
the Baltimore Turnpike with the State road, where he
died, November 22d, 1852. His wife, born July 27th,
1773; died August 21, 1858.
175. William, born Feb. 5th, 1798 ; died, unmarried, Nov.
176. John Boyd, " April 22d, 1800; married, 1st. Mary
W. Purdy. 2d. Rebecca Dodds.
177. Thomas, born Jan. 1st, 1802 ; died unm. Oct, 22d, '64.
178. George, " Nov. 20th, 1804; died in infancy.
179. Jane, " Aug. 5th, 1807; unmarried.
180. Margaret, " Sept. 20th, 1809 ; mar. S. Woodburn.
181. Richard, " July 17th, 1811 ; married Augusta L.
182. Mary, " March 27th, 1813; died June 8th,
183. Rachel, born Feb. 8th, 1816 ; unmarried.
JAMES CRAIGHEAD, son of Thomas and Margaret
Gilson Craighead, born January 6th, 1772; married
Margaret Gilson, of East Pennsborough. Lived for some
years in Carlisle, Pa., and then removed, in 1810, to a
farm near New Lisbon, Ohio. Was a soldier in the war
of 1812. Had several children, of whom all but two died
young. He died June 20, 1848 ; his wife in 1835 ; both
buried near New Lisbon, Ohio.
185. William, born Nov. 4, 1811 ; married Rebecca George.
186. Rachel, » 1823 ; married William Gilson.
FOURTH GENERATION. 103
GEORGE CRAIGHEAD, the fifth son of Thomas and
Margaret Gilson Craighead, born February 22d, 17*74 ;
married Mary Gillespie, April 1st, 1802. He was a farmer,
living until he died, August 30th, 1848, on the farm adjoin-
ing his brother John's, now owned and occupied by his
youngest son George. Wife born August 29th, 1180;
died June 15th, 1839.
187. Martha, born ; died in infancy.
188. Thomas, " June 18th, 1806; married Ann
189. Margaret, " ; mar. John McCandlish.
190. Mary Ann, » June 18th, 1813 ; married Wil-
liam F. Given.
191. Nathaniel Gillespie, " ; died in infancy.
192. Martha Jane, " May, 1814 ; married Dr. C. E.
193. George Duffield, " ; mar. Maria A. Carmony.
WILLIAM CKAIGHEAD, the youngest son of Thomas
and Margaret Gilson Craighead, born April 23d, 1TT9;
married Hetty Weakley, daughter of Samuel and Hesther
Lusk Weakley, February 9th, 1815. Married by Rev.
Dr. Atwater. Farmer, born and lived on the Mansion
farm until his death, December 15th, 1843, beloved by
his family and by the community. " lie was a decided,
energetic, and exemplary Christian, and his loss will be
seriously felt by the church, as well as his family. He
was zealously affected towards all the benevolent efforts
of the day, and his name is recorded among the liberal
contributors to those different objects. As a busband y
father, brother, friend, and neighbor, he was justly be-
loved by all who stood connected with him in these vari-
ous relations."* His wife, born July 10th, 1789, died
March 24th, 1875.f
194. Richard, born Oct. 31st, 1815; married Lydia L.
195. John Weakley, » Feb. 7th, 1817; married Mary
196. George Duffield, " April 22d, '19 ; died Jan. 17th, '20.
197. Samuel Alexander, » Oct. 31st, '20; died Nov. 27th, '27.
198. James Geddes, » March 5th, 1823; married Har-
riet M. Van Auken.
199. Hetty Matilda, born Oct. 15th, 1825; married A. Gal-
200. William Lusk, " March 4th, 1828; married Mary
201. Thomas Brown, " Sept. 10th, 1831 ; married Sarah
KACHEL CRAIGHEAD, the only daughter of Thomas
and Margaret Gilson Craighead, born July 10th, 1783;
married John A. Cooper, of Carlisle, Pa., February 14th,
1805. Lived for many years after her husband's death
in Carlisle, then removed to Clarkesville, Tenn., where
she died in 1848. Had but one child.
* Rev. Dr. George Duffield, his pastor.
FOURTH GENERATION. 105
202. Charles Richard Cooper. Was a physician ; married, May
6th, 1830, Mary Hays, of Carlisle. Practiced medicine
in Carlisle, then removed to Clarksville, Tenn., where
he died, leaving several children. He was a man of de-
cided ability, and respected and trusted in his profession.
JAMES GILSON CRAIGHEAD, son of James and
Isabella Gilson Craighead, born four miles south of Car-
lisle, Pa., April 4th, 1765; married, September, 1790,
Agnes White, who died November 1st, 1800. He married
for his second wife Mrs. Margaret Patterson, widow of
James Patterson, June 18th, 1801. Her maiden name
was Lamb. She was born February 23d, 17*78, and died
April 25th, 1804. His third wife was Ann Shields, of
Franklin County, born 1778, married May 28th, 1807, and
died December 7th, 1843. He died April 5th, 1822. A
farmer and manufacturer.
Children by First Marriage.
203. Mary, born Oct. 25th, 1791 ; mar. Thomas Geddes.
204. Isabella, " Nov. 27th, 1793 ; mar. Mr. Stewart.
205. Jane, « Jan. 23d, 1796.
206. James, " Feb. 6th, 1798 ; died April 6th, 1822,
207. David, " May 6th, 1800; died Jan. 30th, 1801.
Children by Second Marriage.
208. John, born May 5th, 1802; married Alesanna
209. Another child, » April 13th, 1804; died Sept. 13th,
1804: not named.
106 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY
Children by Third Wife.
210. Gilson, born April 1st, 1808 ; died in Tenn., 1869.
211. Nancy, " March 8th, 1810; mar. G. S. Brandon.
212. Kobert, " April 26th, 1812; married Helen M.
213. Margaret, " July 4th, 1814; married Edward
214. David, " April 20th, 1816 ; mar. M. J. Sloan.
215. Samuel, » June 6th, 1818; married Mrs. Jean-
nette A. Schenck.
216. Mary Ann, born June 30th, 1821 ; died 1857.
EACHEL CEAIGHEAD, daughter of James and Isa-
bella Gilson Craighead, born in South Middleton town-
ship ; married Solomon Lightcap, and moved to Greens-
burg, Pa. This is all I know of the family.
FIFTH GENE RATION.
DR. GE0EGE CEAIGHEAD, son of William and
Frances Glenn Craighead, was born in Lunenburg County,
Va., in 1199. Studied at Hampden Sidney College, Ya.,
while under the presidency of Dr. Moses Hoge ; then at-
tended a full course of medical lectures in the University
of Pennsylvania, graduating in 1821. He settled first at
Pittsylvania Court House, where he remained only a few
years, and then removed to Danville, Ya. Here he de-
voted himself to his profession until disabled by disease,
about two years previous to his death.
" In person he was of medium height, quite robust ;
FIFTH GENERATION. 107
broad, high forehead; high cheek-bones; very bright
eves, that bespoke the true genius; ruddy complexion,
and a countenance open as day. He was very witty and
humorous, entirely independent, and quite eccentric. He
was a gentleman in its truest sense, and an ornament to
his profession, having no superior in this section ; he was
thoroughly unselfish, and generous to prodigality, and,
possessing the useful, refining, and elevating qualities,
added to superior intellect and cultivation, and a most
amiable and social disposition, he was a companion to
be sought after, and a friend to be cherished and relied
upon." "Dr. George's liberality involved him pecuniar-
ily, but his brother William was a better financier, and
more systematic, and retrieved his brother's property
Having no family of his own, his highest joy was to
minister to the necessities of others, t and to encourage
and aid young men who were striving to qualify^ them-
* For this and the following sketch of Dr. William, I am in-
debted to Dr. Thomas F. Hoge, son of Eev. Dr. Hoge, President
of Hampden Sidney College, a friend and companion of the
Since furnishing the above, the writer suddenly died from heart
disease at his residence, in Halifax County, Va., April 21st, 1876,
in the 77th year of his age. Of Dr. Hoge the Danville Daily
News thus justly speaks :
" He had been long and most favorably known to almost the
entire Southside of Virginia, both as a man and as a physician.
He possessed great talent and extraordinary learning and skill in
his profession. His death will be felt as an irreparable loss by
many of the present generation ; and by those whose memories go
far back into the past, it will be sadly remembered that he is the
last of those great and good physicians, such as the Craigheads
and others, the fame of whose skill in medicine and kindness of
heart, this section of Virginia should not soon let die.''.
108 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
selves for positions of honor and usefulness. His death
occurred June 20th, 1843.
DE. WILLIAM GLENN CRAIGHEAD, son of Wil-
liain and Frances Glenn Craighead, was born in Lunen-
burg County, Va., February 9th. 1808. After his gradu-
ation at Hampden Sidne} T College, Va., he taught school,
then studied medicine and graduated at the University
of Pennsylvania, in 1835. Settled at Mount Carmel, in
Halifax County, Ya., where he remained but a short
time, and then removed to Danville to become a partner
and to assist his brother in his extensive practice. Simi-
larity of character made them most congenial compan-
ions, and engendered the truest affection between the
brothers. Dr. George's health failed in a few 3-ears, and
the whole of the duties devolved upon the younger
brother, and most faithfully did he fill the position. In
later years he associated with himself his favorite nephew,
John J. Burton,* whom he most carefully trained for the
medical profession. They continued in practice together
until his death, June 4th, 1857, in Chattanooga, Tenn.,
while on his waj' as a delegate to the Medical Convention
at Xashville. His remains were brought back to Dan-
ville and buried b}~ the side of his brother George in the
"A description of George," sa} T s their friend, Dr. Hoge,
* Son of Peter and Petronilla F. Burton, born December 28th,
1825; married, November 21st, 1849, Agnes Barksdale Hoge,
daughter of Dr. Thos. P. Hoge, who was born October 26tb, 1827.
Their children are : Thos. Hoge, Peter Garland, Mary C. Whit-
locke, and Sallie Norman. Dr. Burton was an eminent physician
of Danville for twenty-four years. Died, January 24th, 1872.
FIFTH GENERATION. 109
" might well answer for that of his brother William, as
they were much alike in person and character. They
were both bachelors, with no families to restrict their
benefactions." Dr. William was " about ten years younger,
and handsomer, having finer features, very bright black
eyes, and straight black hair, with the same talents and
" The place of these brothers has never, nor do I be-
lieve will ever be filled in that community. The widow
and the orphan, the aged and the poor blessed them ;
and of all their beneficence, none is more worthy of men-
tion than their aid to poor 3'oung men starting in life,
and to the unfortunate in business.* How many of these
owe their success in life to the Drs. Craighead will never
be known on earth. They were the greatest philanthro-
pists ever known in our midst, and, as a token of appreci-
ation, the citizens of Danville erected a handsome marble
monument to their memoiy, bearing the inscription : 'In
commemoration of Two Brothers, George Craghead,
M.D., and William G. Craghead, M.D. In professional
skill they had few equals, in active benevolence no su-
MAEY CRAIGHEAD, daughter of Dr. Thomas Brat-
tain and Rachel Allison Craighead, was born January
5th, 1793, and married, 1814, David Watson. They
lived on her father's farm, in order to care for the wife's
parents. She died January 29th, 1827. They had six
children. The only son died in his sixth year ; 218 Martha,
the eldest daughter, lives near her old home, unmarried ;
219 Rachel, married Mr. Ross, and died in 1842 ; 220 Nancy,
married Mr. Henderson, who lives near Canonsburgh,
110 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
Pa.; she died in 1844; 221 Amelia, was a "highly edu-
cated and a lovely Christian lady," and died young;
222 Belle, the youngest, married Mr. McConnel, by whom
she had one daughter, and after his death married Mr.
Chambers, a merchant of Canonsburgh, Pa., where she
still lives, " a noble example that there are good, true,
Christian step-mothers.' 1
ANNA CEAIGHEAD, daughter of Dr. Thos. Brattain
and Rachel Allison Craighead, born October 27th, 1194,
married, April 1st, 1812, William Wilson, of Alleghany
Count3 T , Pa., at the time a farmer, but afterwards studied
and practiced law in Pittsburg. Had ten children :
223 Margaret ; 2U Thomas C. ; 225 John W., and an infant
daughter; all died in infancy. The eldest daughter,
227 Rachel C, married Joel Xewton, May 2d, 1837, and
went to live at Springfield, 111. After his death she mar-
ried Josiah Williams, of Akron, Ohio, and died May
20th, 1874. 22S Samuel C, born May 5th, 1816, was a
physician in Portsmouth, Ohio, died November 15th,
1840. 229 Mary W., born October 15th, 1819, married
October 22d, 1840, Rev. John Robinson.* ""Henrietta,
born April 12th, 1824, died in 1843. 231 Nancy C, born
February 18th, 1826, married Judge T. C. Bushnell, of
Ashland, Ohio, January, 1848, and has four daughters
and one son. 232 William C, the youngest child, died
in Ashland, Ohio, May 10th, 1849. Their mother died
* Pastor at Ashland, Ohio, since 1844. The thirtieth anniver-
sary of his pastorate was celebrated January, 1875, by a historical
discourse, and by services appropriate to the occasion, accompanied
by gifts from his people expressive of their affection for him and
FIFTH GENERATION. Ill
GEOKGE CEAIGHEAD, son of William and Jane
Boggs Craighead, bom December 21th, 1801, married
April 1st, 1824, Elizabeth S. Neill, of Washington County,
Pa., niece of Rev. Dr. William Neill, of Philadelphia. In
person Mr. Craighead was tall and vigorous, with a florid
complexion and black hair. "He was a man of sterling
worth and unwavering integrity, and was highly esteemed
in the community in which he lived. He made a profes-
sion of religion in Chartier's Church, under the care of
Dr. McMillan, and in 1829 was elected an elder in the
church of Centre, which office he held until his death.
He was a diligent student of the Bible, and eminently a
man of prayer. He, too, was a public-spirited citizen,
and gave his cordial support to the cause of education,
and to the various enterprises of Christian benevolence.
He had a high appreciation of a liberal education, and
incurred great expense to confer its benefits upon his
" It was in the family, however, that his character
appeared to the best advantage. There he was free from
that reserve which usually marked his more public inter-
course. He was eminently successful in training up his
family, as his government was strict, yet tempered with
gentleness and love. During his last brief illness, he
expressed the most perfect resignation to the will of God,
and peacefully yielded up his life November 9th, 1854."*
His wife was born December 12th, 1800, and died June
20th, 1873. Of her, her pastor writes : " Left a widow
for man}' years, she performed the duties of that respon-
sible situation with faithfulness and pleasing success."
* Extract from a notice by Kev. Dr. A. B. Brown, President of
112 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
238. Jane, born June 20th, 1826; died unmarried March
234. William Rees, born July 21st, 1828; mar. Eliza Johnston.
235. Margaret, " November 24th," 1830; married Eev.
236. Eliza, born November 27th, 1832; graduated in
1859 at Washington Female Seminary.
237. S. Judson, born Dec. 5th, 1834; mar. Sarah E. Elder.
239. Sarah Neil,
240. James Thomas,
241. Emeline M.,
October 7th, 1836 ; mar. James Boone.
February 25th, 1839.
June 3d, 1843 ; m. Martha J. Fleming.
Apr. 20th, 1845 ; died June 28th, 1874.
Jan. 8th, 1849; died Sept. 20th, 1852.
JOSEPH EEWIN CRAIGHEAD, the oldest son of
John B. and Jane Dicker son Craighead, was born in 1813,
and married July 31st, 1833, Phereby K White, of Nash-
ville, Tenn. He was a physician, lived in East Tennes-
see, and died November 18th, 1847.
243. Robert W., born June 1st, 1836; died July 12th, 1852.
244. John B., " " 31st, 1838; died Oct. 14th, 1860.
245. Charles D., " " 8th, 1840 ; mar. Fannie E. Bailey.
246. William J., " August 8th, 1842; married Mrs. Lizzie
247. Thomas B., born October 6th, 1844; died May 21st, 1851.
248. Jennie E., " Apr. 4, 1847; mar. Capt. W. A. Buntin.
THOMAS B. CRAIGHEAD, the second son of John
B. and Jane Dickerson Craighead, was born in 1821, and
FIFTH GENERATION. 113
married in 184*7 Miss Tennessee Virginia Johnson, by
whom he had one daughter, Virginia. He was in the
Florida war, and was subsequently a Methodist preacher
and planter. Died April 19th, 1875.
249. Virginia, born in 1850.
JAMES B. CEAIGHEAD, the oldest son of David
and Mary H. Goodloe Craighead, was born 1825 and
married, 1849, Ellen Kirkman Erwin. He was a gradu-
ate of Nashville University and of the Law School of
Harvard (Cambridge). Resides in Nashville, and is en-
gaged in planting and merchandising. His wife died
250. Mary Preston, born 1850; married, 1874, William Harper
Harris, of Nashville.
251. Erwin, born 1852; studying law in London, England.
MAEY JANE CEAIGHEAD, second daughter of
David and Mary H. Goodloe Craighead, was born 1827,
and married, 1845, Thomas W. Preston, of Abingdon,
Va. He was a lawyer, and was killed at the battle of
Shiloh while serving on the staff of the Confederate gen-
eral, A. P. Stewart. His wife died 1849.
252. John, died in infancy.
253. David Craighead, born 1849 ; lives in Nashville.
114 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
JOANNA MACON OEAIGHEAD, third daughter of
David and Mary H. Goodloe Craighead, was born 1830,
and married, in 1854, James Ellis, of Xashville, Tenn.,
who died in 1863.
254. Mary, born 1855; died young.
255. Annie, " 1857; " »
256. Alicia, " 1859; " «
THOMAS DAVID OEAIGHEAD, the second son of
David and Mary H. Goodloe Craighead, was born De-
cember 26th, 1831, and married, December 15th, 1859,
Rachel Adelia Carter, daughter of Daniel F. Carter, Esq.,
an elder in the First Presbyterian Church of Xashville.
Was a cotton planter, but now resides in Xashville, en-
gaged in commercial pursuits. Xo children.
THOMAS G. OEAIGHEAD, the third son of Wil-
liam and Jane Gillespie Craighead, was born August
19th, 1805, and married, August 19th, 1828, Rutelia
Armstrong, born August 1st, 1806, daughter of Robert
Armstrong, Esq., of Knox County, East Tenn. After
her death, February 28th, 1862, Thomas married, August
19th, 1867, Dorinda Buckingham, of Cincinnati, Ohio.
He lives at Jasper, Tenn.
Children by the First Marriage.
257. Margaret, born July 2d, 1829 ; died unmarried
Aug. 10th, 1847.
258. Elizabeth Jane, " July 12th, 1830 ; married Thos.
« April 2d, 1832 ;
« Aug. 12th, 1834;
" Feb. 22d, 1837;
" April 22d, 1846;
HANNAH MALINDA CKAIGHEAD, daughter of
William and Jane Gillespie Craighead, born May 20th,
1809; married, September 13th, 1827, Samuel S.Thatcher,
of Knoxville, Tenn.
263. William Craighead, born April 13th, 1829 ; married Nancy
264. Ellen Jane, " June 18th, 1831 ; " David
265. Emily Hunt,
266. Margaret Hannah,
267. Malinda Elizabeth,
268. Sarah Ann Eliza,
269. Catharine Kinney,
liam Patterson ; died 1871.
270. Samuel Selden, born Feb. 3d, 1848
Aug. 22d, 1833; died, 1855, unm.
Feb. 11th, 1836.
May 24th, 1838; married Dr.
Dec. 15th, 1840.
Dec. 7th, 1845;
116 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
SAMUEL G. CEAIGHEAD, son of William and Jane
Gillespie Craighead, born May 13th, 1814; married, Feb-
ruary 22d, 1838, Nancy McGill, who was born April 28th,
1814. They reside at Sulphur Springs, Rhea Count} 7 ,
271. William H., born Nov. 6th, 1840 ; died Dec. 8th, 1840.
272. Margaret M. E., " Oct. 22d, 1842; married, April 6th,
1865, William I. Julian ; died April 3d, 1867, leaving a
son, B. E. Julian, born April 8th, 1866.
273. Beriah G., born Aug. 4th, 1846.
274. Newton C, » April oth, 1849 ; died Nov. 10th, 1868.
ELIZA H. CEAIGHEAD, daughter of John and
Temperance Nelson Craighead, was born April 6th, 1806,
and married James White, a son of Hon. Hugh Lawson
White, a senator from Tennessee for many years. After
his death she married, at Knoxville, October 31st, 1834,
Col. W. B. A. Ramse} 7 , Secretary of State of Tennessee,
who was born February 4th, 1799, and died April 27th,
1874. She died at Knoxville, September 23d, 1839.
Children by First Marriage.
275. John James, born Aug. 30th, 1827 ; died Aug. 30th, 1838.
276. Eliza Lawson, '< Feb. 27th, 1829 ; " Sept. 24th, 1838.
Children by Second Marriage.
277. Maggie Henrietta, born Oct. 14th, 1835; married Dr. Fer-
gus Sloan Hall, of Nashville, March 10th, 1859. Chil-
dren, Lillie Adaline, Fannie May, William Kamsey,
Minnie Crawford, Fergus Sloan, Maggie Kamsey.
FIFTH GENERATION. 117
278. Lillie Ann, born March 11th, 1837; married Mr. William
H. Simmons, March 11th, 1858. Children, William
Cyrus, Harry Haslett, Ada Hart, Lillie Lee, Kobert
Hall, Hugh McNeilly.
JAMES PATTEESON NELSON CEAIGHEAD, son
of John and Temperance Nelson Craighead, born De-
cember 3d, 1812, married January 5th, 1843, Sarah Agnes
Sutherland, daughter of John and Diana Sutherland.
Mr. Craighead was a native, and, during his whole life,
a resident of Knoxville, Tenn. In a notice of him, in a
Knoxville paper, Mr. Craighead is characterized as a
" bold, earnest, and independent man, who shrank not
from any duty. Just in his dealings, and faithful to per-
form his obligations, he was most emphatically that
1 noblest work of God, an honest man.' His disposition
was most obliging and considerate ; and he was a kind
and devoted husband and father. His early training, by
most excellent and pious parents, led him years ago to
profess Christ, and at the time of his death, September
5th, 1854, he was a most worthy member and a deacon in
the First Presbj'terian Church of this place. One of the
very best men in our community has left us." His wife,
born February 5th, 1823, died January 29th, 1870, at
Sutherland Springs, Texas, whither she removed in 1857.
279. Eliza Temperance, born December 11th, 1843; married
John William Lilly.
280. Ann Sutherland, born May 16th, 1845; died Dec. 6th, '46.
281. John Sutherland, " March 8th, 1847; married Mary
118 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
282. Diana Kennedy, born February 17th, 1849 ; died March
283. Jane Kennedy, " May 7th, 1851 ; married James
284. Patterson Nelson, born September 8th, 1853 ; unmarried.
EOBERT OEAIGHEAD, youngest son of John and
Temperance Nelson Craighead, born September 23d,
1814, married Sophia Elizabeth White, a granddaughter
of Hon. Hugh Lawson White, September 28th, 1841. She
died June 19th, 1850. Resides in Knoxville, Tenn.
285. James P., born January 6th, 1843; unmarried and
lives in Knoxville, Tenn.
286. Eliza Lawson, born May 12th, 1846; died Jan. 2d, 1848.
287. Hugh Lawson, " October 6th, 1848; unmarried and
lives in Nashville, Tenn.
288. John Patterson, born Apr. 11th, 1850; died Apr. 14th, '53.
THOMAS OEAIGHEAD, the oldest son of John and
Jane Lamb Craighead, born in South Middleton Town-
ship, Pa., December 9th, 1789, married Martha Sterrett,
of Sterrett's Gap, July 11th, 1817. A man of more than
ordinary culture and information ; held several civil offices
in Cumberland County, and was an intimate friend of
Governor Joseph Ritner. Lived in Carlisle, Pa., then
near Harrisbnrg, and afterwards removed to Canton,
Ohio, where he died April 24th, 1865. His wife, born
April 4th, 1791, died October 10th, 1865.
FIFTH GENERATION. 119
289. Jane Lamb, born ; married George Raynolds.
290. John Sterrett, " Oct. 15th, 1820; died Aug. 12th, 1841,
291. Kebecca M. ; " ; unmarried.
292. SallieS., " j «
293. "William Henry, « Oct. 8th, 1828; died July 30th, 1849.
WILLIAM CRAIGHEAD, the third son of John and
Jane Lamb Craighead, born in South Middleton, Pa.,
February 12th, 1195, married Phebe McCollom, Decem-
ber 14th, 1819. Moved in 1814 to Highland County,
Ohio, to a farm on Paint Creek. Here he farmed and
carried on a mill for fort} T -two years, and here his children
were all born. Removed to Madison Countv, Inch, in
1856, where he died March 2d, 1859. His wife, daughter
of Angus McCollom, a Scotchman, was born December
10th, 1798, and is still living, and is active, intelligent,
and energetic, for a person of her years.
294. John, born Jan. 30th, 1821 ; m. Harriet Thrasher.
295. George, " August 19th, 1822; married Sarah
296. William Lamb, born Oct. 20th, 1824; died Aug. 12th, '26.
297. Peter Ritner, " Mar. 16th, 1827; died May 16th, '27.
298. Samuel L., " July 28th, '28; m. Emma M. Haines.
299. Benjamin F., " November 6th, 1830; mar. Johanna
300. Margaret Jane, born Feb. 20th, 1834 ; m. Evan H. Baird.
301. Rachel Ann, " Sept. 27th, 1837 ; m. Daniel Clymer.
302. Mary Kimball, " March 3d, 1840; died Nov. 3d, 1840.
JANE CRAIGHEAD, daughter of John and Jane
Lamb Craighead, born in South Middleton, Pa., April
13th, IT 97, married Dr. R. P. Simmons, of Canton, Ohio.
They afterwards removed to Cincinnati, and then to St.
Louis, Mo., where she died, November 23d, 1838. Xo
JOHN CRAIGHEAD, son of John and Jane Lamb
Craighead, born August 24th, 1799; married Maria
Louisa Gordon, of Baltimore, Md., July 16th, 1831, at
Pittsburg, Pa. She was born November 17th, 1809, and
still survives. He removed from Carlisle to Martins-
burg, Va., then to Cbilicothe, Ohio, then to Portsmouth,
and finally, in 1850, to Fairview, Iowa, where he died
April 28th, 1872. Was a merchant.
303. William Gordon, born Sept. 23d, 1834; married Judith
304. John Alexander, " Nov. 21st, 1836; d. Oct. 26th, 1837.
305. John A., " Sept. 23d, 1839; married Eliza-
beth M. Adair.
306. Franklin Gordon, " March 14th, 1842; m. J. F. Elder.
307. Jane Mary, " April 5th, 1845; m. T. M. Wilds.
308. Lavinia, " April 24th, 1848.
FIFTH GENERATION. 121
MAKY LAMB CEAIGHEAD, daughter of John and
Jane Lamb Craighead, born in South Middleton, Pa.,
August 12th, 1807 ; married Yolnev R. Kimball, of Can-
ton, Ohio, February 2d, 1830. Mr. Kimball was a mer-
chant, and " came to Canton in his youth, and has ever
since filled a large space in its business operations. His
active business duties not only made him acquainted with
all, but secured the good will of all. His death leaves a
void in a large family circle, in society, and in the busi-
ness of the city."* Born November 8th, 1805 ; died June
Mrs. Kimball was educated at Litiz, a celebrated Mo-
ravian school, near Lancaster, Pa. Was an intelligent,
exemplary Christian, well instructed in the doctrines of
the Presbyterian Church, with which she united in 1828.
Though in feeble health for many years, she rarely was
absent from the sanctuary. Her Bible was her loved
companion, from which she constantly derived both in-
struction and comfort. Died in Canton, Jane 14th, 1858.
309. Kichard Craighead, born April 2d, 1831 ; married Harriet
Mercer Bowland, of Mansfield, Ohio, Nov. 5th, 1856.
310. Josephine Jane. born Oct. 27th, 1832.
311. Thomas Saxton, " May 12th, 1834; married Mary
E. Glessner, of Zanesville, Ohio, May 12th, 1863, who
died at New York City, April 1st, 1875.
312. William Christmas, born March 14th, 1837; married, July
5th, 1865, Emma Kuhn, of Tiffin, Ohio.
313. Ellen Mary, born Jan. 14th, 1839 ; d. July 16th,'42.
314. Julia Antoinette, born Oct. 14th, 1840; married Griffith
Dishart, of Canton, Ohio, Aug. 25th, 1865.
* Canton paper.
122 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
315. Ellen Griswold, born Aug. 27th, '42; d. May 13th, '71.
316. George Harley, " Oct. 28th, 1845.
317. Charles Howard, " May 9th, 1848.
318. Arthur Volney, " March 14th, 1850.
DR. JOHN BOYD CRAIGHEAD, second sou of
Thomas and Rebecca Weakley Craighead, born April
22d, 1800; married, Nov. 5th, 1829, Mary Wallace Purdy,
of Mansfield, Ohio, who was born September 14th, 1811.
He received his classical education at Dickinson College,
and graduated iu medicine at the University of Pennsyl-
vania, 1826. Afterwards spent the winters of 1829 and
1830 attending medical lectures in Philadelphia. He
was an excellent classical scholar, and, during life, took
delight in reading his favorite authors. His son's prep-
arations for college were made under his direction and
instruction. Removed from Pennsylvania to Mansfield,
Ohio, 1827, and then to Dayton in 1830, where he resided
until his death, September 8th, 1868. His first wife died
December 29th, 1839, and he married Rebecca Dodds
May 6th, 1841. She still lives in Dayton.
Children by First Wife.
319. Thomas Purdy, born Sept 5th, 1830 ; died May 29th, 1832.
320. John Purdy, " March 23d, 1833 ; married Mrs. Olivia
321. William, " Sept. 1st, 1835 ; mar. M. S. Wright.
322. Rebecca Jane, " Nov. 27th, 1838; died July 22d, 1839.
Children by Second Wife.
323. Richard M., born Jan. 11th, 1843; died Oct. 4th, 1844.
324. Joseph Boyd, " Jan. 29th, 1845; mar. Hannah A. Gaar.
FIFTH GENERATION. 123
325. Mary Ellen, born April 30th, 1848; mar. James Soper, Oct.
326. George Gurley, born Aug. 5th, 1853 ; unmarried.
MAEGAEET CEAIGHEAD, daughter of Thomas
and Rebecca Weakley Craighead, born September 20th,
1809, married Thomas S. Woodburn, December 23d,
1830. He was born April 20th, 1807 ; died October 1 1th,
1839. After his death, married Major Joseph Trego,
January 11th, 1844, who died February 19th, 1873. She
lives in Carlisle, Pa.
Children by the First Marriage.
327. John H., born July 22d, 1832; married Agnes L. Weak-
ley, March 20th, 1860.
328. Thomas C.,bom Aug. 16th, 1835; married Amelia Cham-
berlain, April 23d, 1866.
329. James S., born April 9th, 1837; married Amelia Trego,
330. Kebecca J., born Jan. 7th, 1839; married Archibald R.
Thompson, Jan. 12th, 1859.
Children by the Second Marriage.
331. Margaret D., born Nov. 10th, 1814; married John "Weary,
April 24th, 1866.
332. Mary E., born Nov. 10th, 1844; married George P. Cor-
nog, June 30th, 1868 ; died November 17th, 1868.-
333. Rachel R., born Dec. 23d, 1846 ; married Dr. C. C. Lange,
of Pittsburg, Pa., Oct. 8th, 1868.
334. William C, born Jan. 7th, 1848; died May 7th, 1848.
EICHAED CEAIGHEAD, youngest son of Thomas
and Rebecca Weakley Craighead, born July 17th, 1811;
124 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
married December 18th, 1845, Augusta L. ShefTer, born
April 29th, 1820, daughter of Hon. Daniel Sheffer, of
Adams Count} T , Pa. Was a farmer ; lived on Baltimore
turnpike, four miles south of Carlisle ; died April 7th,
335. William Newlin, born September 30th, 1846 ; married
Emma McGinley, February 15th, 1872.
336. John Wierman, born February 22d, 1849.
337. Daniel Sheffer, " October 11th, 1850 ; mar. Jemima
Patterson Stuart, December 16th, 1875.
338. Kebecca Weakley, born July 4th, 1853.
" May 18th, 1855.
<< March 29th, 1857.
" August 11th, 1859.
« Nov. 28th, 1861 ; d. May 20th,
" July 28th, 1863.
WILLIAM GILS0N CKAIGHEAD, son of James
and Margaret Gilson Craighead, born near New Lisbon,
Ohio, November 4th, 1811, and married Mrs. Rebecca
George, widow of Harrison C. George, Esq., March 1st,
1842. Mrs. George's maiden name was Piper. Born in
Columbiana County, Ohio, June 11th, 1821. Mr. George
lived but two j'ears after their marriage, leaving a son,
Heniy Clay George, who died in his tenth year.
Mr. Craighead resided on the family homestead until
1854, when he removed to Iowa, and purchased a large
farm near Gower's Feny, Cedar County, where he lived
until his death, September 3d, 1856; buried in Cedar
After her husband's death, Mrs. Craighead determined
to carry on the farm with hired labor, in order to keep
FIFTH GENERATION. 125
her family of little children together and have the means
to educate them. Being a woman of great enterprise
and natural adaptedness for business, she was able not
only to do this, but to add to the value of the property.
She still resides on the farm, enjo} T s good health, and is
comforted and cared for by her loving and faithful
344. Margaret Angeline, born December 2d, 1842.
345. James Samuel, " Oct. 27tb, 1844 ; died June, '66.
346. Mary Elenor, " March 10th, 1847 ; married Isaac
347. Charles William, " January 20th, 1849.
348. Albert Neri, " December 2d, 1850 ; mar. Sarah
349. Emma Jane, " December 11th, 1852; married
350. Esther Ann, « April 12th, 1855 ; d. Feb. 3d, '60.
351. William Isaiah, " " 5th, '57; d. May 15th, '57.
RACHEL CRAIGHEAD, daughter of James and
Margaret Gilson Craighead, born in 1823 in New Lisbon,
Ohio, and married William Gilson in 1839. They had
eleven children, all of whom died young, except Margaret
Ann. Resided at Shreves, Ohio. Rachel died suddenly,
November 3d, 1875. Her husband survives and lives at
352. Margaret Ann, born 1840; mar. Frank Martin in 1865.
126 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY
MAJOR THOMAS CRAIGHEAD, son of George and
Mary Gillespie Craighead, born in South Middleton
Township, Pa., June 18th, 1806; married Ann Jane
Smith, July 29th, 1840, daughter of Capt. John Smith,
of Philadelphia. He was a graduate of Dickinson Col-
lege, studied law, and practiced for a short time. Com-
missioned Major by Governor Ritner. Served nine
months in the late war, in the 2d Regiment District of
Columbia Volunteers. Died September 28th, 18T0;
buried in Philadelphia. His wife, born April 22d, 1816,
died July 20th, 18T4, and was buried in Woodlawn Ceme-
353. George Smith, born June 18th, 1841 ; mar. M. K. Durkin.
354. Alfred, » Jan. 3d, 1845; married L. Yocum.
355. Horace Milton, » Aug. 12th, 1848 ; " Mary E.
356. James Givin, » May 3d, 1852; died Aug. 31st, 1853.
357. John, " Sept. 23d, 1853.
358. Thomas, » Dec. 22d, 1856.
MARGARET CRAIGHEAD, daughter of George and
Mary Gillespie Craighead, born in South Middleton, Pa.;
married John McCandlish, of Newville, May 12th, 1831.
He was born December 20th, 1800 ; died June 2d, 1853.
MARY ANN CRAIGHEAD, daughter of George and
Mary Gillespie Craighead, born June 18th, 1813, in South
FIFTH GENERATION. 127
Midclleton, Pa.; married William F. Givin, of Columbia,
Pa., September 11th, 1839. He was born January 7th,
1813; died March 13th, 1862. Wife died at Columbia
August 5th, 1843.
359. Mary Frances, born June 11th, 1841 ; died Aug. 13th, 1843.
MARTHA JANE CRAIGHEAD, daughter of George
and Mary Gillespie Craighead, born in South Middleton,
Pa., May — th, 1814; married C. E. Blumenthal, M.D.,
February, 1853. Martha died in Xew York City, where
she had lived, February 14th, 1870. No children.
GEORGE DUFFIELD CRAIGHEAD, youngest son
of George and Mary Gillespie Craighead, born in South
Middleton, Pa. ; married, first, Maria E. Carmony, of
Carlisle, Pa., February 22d, 1844, who was born Febru-
ary 5th, 1820, died April 21st, 1852; married, second,
Catharine H. Carmony, May 10th, 1853, who was born
February 11th, 1822, died August 23d, 1865; married,
then, Catharine G. Laughlin, of Xewville, Pa., April
18th, 1867. Is a farmer, and owns and resides on his
Children by First Wife.
360. Mary Catharine.
361. Martha Elizabeth, born Jan. 5th, 1850; died July 14th, 1852.
128 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
Children by Second Wife.
363. Ida Virginia,
Children by Third Wife.
364. Jane Isabella.
365. George Laughlin, born June 17th, 1869 ; died Sept. 15th,'
EEV. EICHAED CEAIGHEAD, oldest son of Wil-
liam and Hetty Weakley Craighead, born in South Mid-
dleton, Pa., October 31st, 1815; married, January 14th,
1841, Lydia L. Reynolds, daughter of John Reynolds,
Esq., of Meadville, Pa. She was born December 8th,
.1818. He pursued the study of classics at New Haven,
Ct., graduated at Washington College, Pa., 1836, and at
Western Theological Seminary, Alleghany, Pa., 1839.
Was licensed in June, 1839, and ordained and installed
at Springfield, Pa., September 9th, 1840; from whence
he was called, November, 1843, to take charge of the
Second Presbyterian Church of Meadville, Pa. He con-
tinued the honored and successful pastor of this church
for thirty-one years, until November, 1874, only relin-
quishing the charge on account of continued ill health.
Resides in Meadville, engaged, as health will permit, in
the work of the ministry, aiding his brethren, and supply-
ing vacant pulpits. No children.
JOHN WEAKLEY CEAIGHEAD, the second son of
William and Hetty Weakley Craighead, born February
7th, 1817; married Mary Ann Moore, born March 3d,
1820, daughter of William Moore, of South Middleton,
FIFTH GENERATION. 128
February 29th, 1844. Is a farmer; lives upon and owns
the Mansion farm.
366. William Weakley, born April 27th, 1845 ; died Sept. 3d, '67.
367. Richard Reynolds, " April 6th, 1847; married Mary
368. Charles Cooper, << Aug. 23d, 1849.
369. James Geddes, " Oct. 25th, 1852; died Dec. 26th, '63.
370. Thomas Moore, " Sept. 5th, 1855.
371. John Alfred, " Nov. 3d, 1859.
EEV. JAMES GEDDES CRAIGHEAD, the fifth son
of William and Hetty Weakley Craighead, born March 5th,
1823 ; married, June 19th, 1850, Harriet M. Yan Auken,
born June tth, 182*1, daughter of Jesse and Susan Yan
Auken, of New York Cit}\ Studied two 3 T ears at Dickin-
son College; graduated at Delaware College, 1844, and at
Union Theological Seminary, New York, 1847 ; licensed
by Fourth Presbytery of New York April 7th, 1847 ;
ordained hy the same October 11th, 1847. Was two
years stated supply in the city of Watertown r Wis. ; pas-
tor four years in Northumberland, Pa.; editor of the
New York Evangelist fourteen years; at present Corre-
sponding Secretary of the Presbyterian Historical So-
ciety, and resides in Philadelphia.
373. Alice Weakley, born Sept. 1st, 1851.
374. Jesse Van Auken, " July 10th, 1853.
375. James Barret, " May 14th, 1856.
376. William, " June 9th, 1858 ; died July 6th, 1858.
377. Henry Field, " Jan. 21st, 1861 ; died April 28th, '64.
130 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
MATILDA HETTY CKAIGHEAD, only daughter
of William and Hetty Weakley Craighead, born October
15th, 1825, married Col. A. Galbraith Ege, of Tane} 7 town,
Md., December 8th, 1852. Lives in Highland, Kansas.
Husband born January 6th, 1812.
378. Hetty Craighead, born October 24th, 1853.
379. Laura Galbraith, » Sept. 4th, 1855 ; d. Dec. 28th, 1857.
380. Richard C, " June 29th, 1859.
381. Annie C, » November 12th, 1861.
382. Charles N., " February 16th, 1864.
WILLIAM LUSK CKAIGHEAD, the sixth son of
William and Hetty Weakley Craighead, born March 4th,
1828, married Mary Ann Brandon, born October 14th,
1831, daughter of George Smith and Nancy Craighead
Brandon, August 30th, 1853. Was a farmer and an
active business man, a friend of the poor, a man of the
strictest integrity, trusted hy all, loved in life, and greatly
lamented when he died, December 2d, 1874. Died on
his farm, adjoining the paternal estate.
" From early life the deceased was a communicant, and
for four years an elder in the First Presbyterian Church
of Carlisle. His was a life of decided and progressive
piety. In every relation of life he drew to himself the
warmest love of all who knew him. In the hour of his
country's peril he was the ardent supporter of the nation's
unity and honor, and every enterprise of public utility
found in him an earnest advocate. In all his business
transactions he was just and reasonable, and in his chari-
ties liberal and unostentatious. His pastor always found
FIFTH GENERATION. 131
him ready to co-operate in every good work, and now
loses in him a warm, personal friend."*
383. Frank William, born February 5th, 1855.
384. Edwin, " January 25th, 1859.
385. Ella Matilda, " » 22d, 1863.
386. Harry Kicbard, \" May 1st, 1866.
387. George Smith, /" May 1st. 1866; d. April 23d, 1869.
388. Laura Gertrude, " November 8th, 1871.
THOMAS BROWN CEAIGHEAD, youngest son of
William and Hetty Weakley Craighead, born September
10th, 1831, married Sarah Jane Moore, April 9th, 1856.
Was a farmer and merchant ; lived at Mount Holly
Springs, Pa., and died April 16th, 1858. His wife, born
August 24th, 1831; died February 20th, 1876. No chil-
JOHN CEAIGHEAD, son of James Gilson and Mar-
garet Patterson Craighead, born May 5th, 1802, in Penn-
sylvania, married, February 10th, 1831, Alesanna John-
ston, of Cumberland County, Pa., who died November
2d, 1856. He died March 10th, 1864.
393. William Johnston, born March 7th, 1833; married Mary
394. James Gilson, born March 29th, 1835; mar. Susan White.
395. David, " Dec. 19th, 1836; mar. Eliza Hall.
396. Ann Mary, " Aug. 5th, 1839; m. Lorenzo Marley.
397. Catharine J., « Oct. 8th, 1844; died July 9th, 1845.
398. Stevenson, " Aug. 19th, 1852 ; " Aug. 8th, 1858.
* Kev. C. P. Wing, D.D.
132 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
GILSON CRAIGHEAD, son of James Gilson and
Ann Shields Craighead, born in South Middletoii, Pa.,
April 1st, 1808; married, September, 1833, in Henry
Count}', Tennessee, Sarah Rodeiy. She was born in
North Carolina, Ma}' 8th, 1804, and still resides on the
homestead farm, near Holly Springs, Miss. He died Oc-
tober 21st, 1869.
399. Mary Ann, born Sept. 10th, 1834; mar. James W. Porter,
Jan., 1852, leaving a daughter, Lucy Ann, who married
Allen J. Gaines, Dec. 9th, 1869.
400. Gilson, born July 30th, 1836 ; died September, 1864, from
wounds in battle, in Virginia.
401. David, born Aug. 16th, 1838; lost a limb in battle.
402. BenjaminS., " February 28th, 1840; died, June 21st,
1862, in the Confederate war hospital at Richmond, Ya.
NANCY CRAIGHEAD, oldest daughter of James
Gilson and Ann Shields Craighead, born March 8th,
1810, married George Smith Brandon, of Adams County,
Pa., January 6th, 1830. Died September 21st, 1847. Mr.
Brandon was a farmer. Born August 9th, 1803 ; died
August 22d, 1847.
403. Mary Ann, born Oct. 14th, 1831 ; mar. Wm. L. Craighead.
404. Martha Jane, born Sept. 27th, 1833; died July 16th, 1839.
405. William Templeton, born September 17th, 1835; married
February 18th, 1858, Eliza McCord.
406. Gilson Craighead, born June 6th, 1837; mar., July 20th,
1857, Henrietta Gould.
407. George Kobert, born February 15th, 1839 ; married, No-
vember 10th, 1868, Elvira Bigler.
408. Calvin Knox, born September 6th, 1841 ; married, October
24th, 1867, Louisa Mc. Kussel.
FIFTH GENERATION. 133
409. Sarah Ellen, born March 13th, 1843 ; married, December
31st, 1862, Key. John Wherry.
410. Anderson Coe Gurley, born December 31st, 1844; mar-
ried, November 10th, 1869, Jennie M. Bray.
411. James Ray, born Sept. 13th, 1846; died Oct. 11th, 1847.
ROBERT CRAIGHEAD, second son of James Gilson
and Ann Shields Craighead, born April 26th, 1812 ; mar-
ried, May, 1845, Helen M. Smith, who was born in Maine,
February 14th, 1818. Was a printer, and the publisher
of the English reviews. Is engaged, at present, in mer-
chandising in New York City, and resides at Mamaro-
neck, Westchester County, X. Y.
412. Horace, born Jan. 30th, 1846; married Frances Kose.
413. Helen A., " June 25th, 1849; died March 13th, 1876,
at Aiken, S. C.
MARGARET CRAIGHEAD, daughter of James Gil-
son and Ann Shields Craighead, born July 4th, 1814;
married Edward Connelly in 1835 ; died in 1847.
415. Mary Ann, ; mar. Col. J. Z. Cook.
DAVID CRAIGHEAD, son of James Gilson and Ann
Shields Craighead, born April 20th, 1816 ; married Mary
J. Sloan, of Harrisburg, Pa., April 25th, 1842. Was
extensively engaged in business as a druggist at Indian-
apolis, Ind., where he died, August 20th, 1854.
134 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
417. Sarah A., born Feb. 14th, 1843; mar. Francis A. Boyd,
Nov. 1st, 1866. No children.
418. Eobert D., born Oct. 12th, 1846; mar. Louise A. Ray.
SAMUEL CRAIGHEAD, son of James Gilson and
Ann Shields Craighead, born June 6th, 1818; married
Mrs. Jeannette A. Schenck Februaiy 1st, 1853. A prom-
inent lawyer, of Dayton, Ohio, where he resides.
419. Eobert Gilson. born Oct. 29th, 1853.
420. Emanuel Johnson, » " " "
421. Charles, " Au<?. 12th, 1857.
MAEY ANN CRAIGHEAD, youngest daughter of
James Gilson and Ann Shields Craighead, born June
20th, 1821 ; married, in 1841, Dr. Marquis Wood. Had
a number of children. She died in 1857.
WILLIAM EEES CRAIGHEAD, son of George and
Elizabeth S. Neill Craighead, born July 21st, 1828 ; mar-
ried February 21st, 1850, Eliza Johnston, daughter of
James Johnston, of Washington Count3 r , Pa. She died
December 11th, 1862, and he then married Rachel F.
Williams, daughter of Benjamin Williams, of Mingo
Church. Lives near Canonsburgh, Pa., on the farm that
belonged to his grandfather and father. Has a clock
that was formerly Colonel George's ; still a good time-
piece, and which, if it could speak, could tell many thril-
ling Revolutionary tales.
SIXTH GENERATION. 135
Children by First Marriage.
426. Marshall Boggs, born July 11th, 1862.
Children by Second Marriage.
427. Clarabelle Atwood, born April 13th, 1869.
MAEGAEET OEAIGHEAD, daughter of George and
Elizabeth S. Neill Craighead, born November 24th, 1830;
married. March 20th, 1855, Rev. Franklin Orr, then and
still pastor of Jacksonville and Bethel churches, Indiana
Count}', Pa. She possessed great talent for music, and,
previous to marriage, taught it in Mount Pleasant, Pa.
As a woman she was discreet, humble, and conscientious;
as a mother, loving and judicious. Died March 24th,
428. Lizzie M., born Jan. 25th, 1858.
429. Sarah Vinnie, " June 12th, 1862.
S. JUDSON OEAIGHEAD, son of George and Eliza-
beth S. Neill Craighead, born December 5th, 1834 ; mar-
ried October 11th, 1860, Sarah E. Elder, daughter of
David Elder, of Eldersridge, Pa. Studied at Eldersridge
Academ} 7 ; graduated at Jefferson College in 1858, and
subsequently taught in Dunlap's Creek Academy. Lives
now at Eldersridge, teaching and farming.
430. David Elder, born July 25th, 1861.
431. George V., " September 17th, 1863.
432. Julia Eliza, " December 6th, 1865.
433/ James R. E., » October 5th, 1868.
434. Sarah Marie, « September 7th, 1870.
435. Emeline M., » April 14th, 1873.
436. Nannie J., " October 27th, 1875.
136 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
NANCY CRAIGHEAD, daughter of George and
Elizabeth S. Neill Craighead, born October 7th, 1836;
married, February 28th, 1860, James Boone, a farmer, who
belonged to Miller's Run Church, for so many years under
the pastoral care of Rev. Dr. William Smith. " She was
a happy Christian, faithful wife, and a fond, indulgent
mother." Died August 24th, 1868.
437. William Judson, born Nov. 5th, 1860.
438. George Craighead, " June 28th, 1863.
JAMES T. CRAIGHEAD, son of George and Eliza-
beth S. Neill Craighead, born June 3d, 1843, and married
February 13th, 1868, Martha J. Fleming, daughter of
Rev. James Fleming, then pastor of Lower Buffalo
Church, Washington County, Pa. Was in the Northern
army eighteen months, and when the war closed went to
reside in Kansas. Is a farmer, and now lives near Cau-
439. Kate Emeline, born Jan. 6th, 1869.
440. James Fleming, " May 15th, 1871.
441. John Brattain, " Nov. 3d, 1873.
EMELINE M. CRAIGHEAD, daughter of George and
Elizabeth S. Neill Craighead, was born April 20th, 1845.
Educated at Edgeworth and Canonsburgh Seminaries,
and her teachers represent her as " having a cheerful and
happy disposition, and a leader in all that was good."
Says one, " I could never see a fault in her; she was not
SIXTH GENERATION. 137
like other young ladies." Her pastor writes : " Emeline
was a faithful follower of the Lord Jesus. She possessed
and manifested his spirit, obe3 T ed his precepts, and imi-
tated his example. Early called into the vineyard, early
she was taken to her rest and reward. There is a blessed-
ness in remembering that cheerful face, and in listening
to the echoes of that soft, low voice, speaking only words
of kindness, of sympathj*, and of good will to all. On
the quiet Sabbath evening of June 28th, 1874, our be-
loved sister peacefully fell asleep in Jesus."
OHAKLES D. OKAIGHEAD, the third son of Dr.
Joseph and Phereby P. White Craighead, was born June
8th, 1840, and married August 13th, 1872, Fannie E.
Baile} 7 . Is a sugar planter, near Placquemine, La.
442. Charles D., Jr., born July 21st, 1873.
443. Mary A., " March 25th, 1875.
WILLIAM J. CEAIGHEAD, the fourth son of Dr.
Joseph E. and Phereby P. White Craighead, was born
August 8th, 1842, and married April, 1864, Mrs. Lizzie
E. Goodwin. He died in the Confederate army, Septem-
ber 2d, 1864. No children.
JENNIE E. CRAIGHEAD, youngest child of Dr. Jo-
seph E. and Phereby P. White Craighead, was born April
4th, 1847, and married March 3d, 1869, Capt. William A.
Buntin, of Robertson County, Tenn.
138 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY
444. John C.
445. Daniel F. Carter.
ELIZA JANE CEAIGHEAD, second daughter of
Thomas Gr. and Rutelia Armstrong Craighead, born July
12th, 1830; married Thomas K. Rawlings, March 11th,
1852. They reside in Dallas, Texas.
450. Edmund A. K., born Sept. 10th, 1853.
451. Rutelia A., " Jan. 4th, 1856; died Jan. 3d, 1867.
452. Thos. Craighead, " Jan. 14th, 1859.
453. Margaret H. M., " Dec. 4th, 1861.
MAEY ANN CEAIGHEAD, third daughter of
Thomas G. and Rutelia Armstrong Craighead, born April
2d, 1832; married D. 0. Hoge, May 20th, 1858. Live
in Marion Count} 7 , Tenn.
454. William Edgar, born Feb. 24th, 1859.
455. Mary O., " March 1st, 1861 ; died Oct. 1st, 1861.
456. Sarah R., " March 1st, 1862.
457. J. Lena, " May 7th, 1867.
MAEIA OLAEK CEAIGHEAD, fourth daughter of
Thomas G. and Rutelia Armstrong Craighead, born Au-
gust 12th, 1834; married A. K. Alley, Esq., May 25th,
1854. She died December 30th, 1865. Mr. Alley lives
in Marion County, Tenn.
SIXTH GENERATION. 139
458. Thomas E., born July 27th, 1856.
459. Marcellus M., " March 31st, 1860.
WILLIAM ALEXANDER CRAIGHEAD, only son
of Thomas G. and Rutelia Armstrong Craighead, born
February 22d, 1837 ; married Eliza Cox Doss, February
460. Jack Doss, born Aug. 24th, 1869.
461. William Armstrong, « March 19th, 1871.
462. Thomas G., " February 22d, 1873.
463. Jim Robert, " March 23d, 1875.
ADELIA ARMSTRONG CRAIGHEAD, fifth daugh-
ter of Thomas G. and Rutelia Armstrong Craighead,
born April 22d, 1846 ; married Edwin F. Redfield Sep-
tember 13th, 1866. They reside in Dallas, Texas.
464. Hal. Lin wood, born June 5th, 1868.
465. M. Forbs, " Sept. 18th, 1871.
ELIZA TEMPERANCE CRAIGHEAD, oldest daugh-
ter of James Patterson Nelson and Sarah Agnes Suther-
land Craighead, born in Knoxville December 11th, 1843;
married John William Lilly, son of Nathaniel and Judith
Lilly, June 11th, 1813. Mr. Lilly was bom June 30th,
1818, in Brunswick County, Va., and was a widower when
140 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
JOHN SUTHERLAND CRAIGHEAD, son of James
P.N. and Sarah Agnes Sutherland Craighead, born March
8th, 1847, in Knoxville ; married, December 22d, 1870,
Mary Isabella McAlister, born January 27th, 1846, daugh-
ter of John M. and Mary Isabella McAlister.
466. Sarah Agnes, born Sept. 19th, 1871.
467. John Alexander, " April 26th, 1873.
468. James Patterson Nelson, » Feb. 3d, 1875.
JANE KENNEDY OEAIGHEAD, daughter of James
P. N. and Sarah A. Sutherland Craighead, born May 7th,
1851 ; married, August 3d, 1870, James William Ander-
son, born September 24th, 1844, second son of W. W.
and Mary T. Anderson. Mr. Anderson is a merchant at
Sutherland Springs, Texas.
469. James William, born April 12th, 1871.
470. Hugh Olive, « Mar. 12th, '72; died June 25th, '75.
471. Patterson Leonidas, " Sept. 11th, 1873.
JANE LAMB CRAIGHEAD, oldest daughter of
Thomas and Martha Sterrett Craighead; married George
Raynolds, of Canton, Ohio, October 29th, 1846. Lives in
472. Thomas C, born ; graduated, 1868, at Uni-
versity, Michigan ; editor of the Akron Daily Beacon.
SIXTH GENERATION. 141
JOHN CRAIGHEAD, the eldest son of William and
Phebe McGollom Craighead, born January 30th, 1821;
married Harriet Thrasher April 1th, 1842, who was born
October 24th, 1822. Lives in Anderson, Madison County,
Indiana. Business, flour merchant and manufacturer.
473. "William J., born Oct. 25th, 1847 ; only child, unmarried.
GEORGE CRAIGHEAD, the second son of William
and Phebe McGollom Craighead, born August 19th, 1822;
married, August 24th, 1843, Sarah Ann Overman, who
was born March 11th, 1824. Lives at Villisca, Mont-
gomery County, Iowa.
474. William Kitner, born Aug. 17th, 1844; mar. H. Phillips.
475. John H., << Aug. 11th, 1846; mar. S. Phillips.
476. Cyrus F., " Nov. 3d, 1849; died Nov. 30th, 1849.
477. Isaac Newton, << Jan. 11th, 1855.
478. George W., " Oct. 24th, 1858.
479. Charles Lamb, " Aug. 25th, 1864.
SAMUEL LAMB CRAIGHEAD, son of William and
Phebe McGollom Craighead, born July 28th, 1828 ; mar-
ried Emma M. Haines, of Trenton, N. J., February 12th,
1853. She was born February 21st, 1832, and died
March 12th, 1872. He resides in Anderson, Ind., and
is engaged in the lumber business.
142 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
480. Elmer Franklin, born Jan. 30th, '54; died Sept. 19th, '54.
481. Ida Jane McCollom, " June 21st,'55 ; " " 28th, '56.
482. Inis Francis, " Jan. 29th, '57 ; " Mar. 25th, '57.
483. Edgar Olga, " " 10th, 1858.
484. William Ulick, " Aug. 13th, '60; diedMar.l3th,'61.
485. Charles Archibald, " Jan. 10th, '62; " Aug.l9th,'62.
BENJAMIN FEANKLIN OEAIGHEAD, son of
William and Phebe McCollom. Craighead, born November
6th, 1830; married Johanna Sweinhart, of Indianapolis,
Ind., July 25th, 1860. Lives in Muncie, Ind.
486. Maggie Jane, born Oct. 25th, 1861.
487. Benjamin Franklin, » June 13th, 1863.
488. Mary Kimball, " April 4th, '65; died April 4th, '65.
489. Susan Phebe, " June 13th, 1875.
MAEGAEET JANE OEAIGHEAD, oldest daughter
of William and Phebe McCollom Craighead, born Feb-
ruary 20th, 1834, married Evan H. Baird, son of Dr.
Baird, of Chillicothe, Ohio, October 23d, 1863. Lives
in Ellwood, Madison County, Ind. No children.
EACHEL ANN OEAIGHEAD, daughter of William
and Phebe McCollom Craighead, born September 2Vth,
183?, married Rev. Daniel Clymer, of the Protestant
Methodist Church, August 20th, 1871. Lives in Ellwood,
Madison County, Ind. No children.
SIXTH GENERATION. 143
WILLIAM G0ED0N CRAIGHEAD, oldest son of
John and Maria L. Gordon Craighead, born at Chilli-
cotbe, Ohio, September 23d, 1834, married Judith Josie
Benson, at Washoe City, Nevada, February 10th, 1868.
Was Sheriff of Elko County, Nev., and is engaged in
490. Maria Louvan, born, December 23d, 1868, at Reno, Nev.
491. Frank Benson, " August 22d, 1870, at Elko, "
JOHN ALEXANDER CRAIGHEAD, son of John
and Maria L. Gordon Craighead, born at Portsmouth,
Ohio, September 23d, 1839, married Elizabeth M. Adair,
of St. Louis, Mo., December 7th, 1864. Lives in St.
Louis, and is engaged in the lumber trade.
492. John Thomas, born, Nov. 7th, 1866, in Calloway Co., Mo.
493. Laura Lavinia, " July 6th, 1869.
494. Gordon, u
FRANKLIN GORDON CRAIGHEAD, son of John
and Maria L. Gordon Craighead, born at Portsmouth,
Ohio, March 14th, 1842, married Jessie F. Elder, October
24th, 1872. A merchant in Pittsburg, Pa.
495. Franklin M. Gordon, born, August 26th, 1874, at Swiss-
144 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
JANE MAEY CEAIGHEAD, oldest daughter of John
and Maria L. Gordon Craighead, born at Portsmouth,
Oh jo, April 5th, 1845, married Thomas M. Wilds, Sep-
tember 29th, 18T0. He is a merchant, and lives in Wyo-
496. Mary Eleanor, born, Aug. 10th, 1871, in Wyoming, Iowa.
497. Willie McCune, » June, 1873, " <<
JOHN PUEDY CEAIGHEAD, second son of Dr. John
Boyd and Mary W. Purdy Craighead, born at Dayton,
Ohio, March 23d, 1833, married, September 17th, 1868,
Mrs. Olivia F. Read, who was born in Shelbyville, 111.,
in 1840, daughter of Addison and Nancy F. Smith.
Sheridan P. Read, her first husband, was born at Urbana,
Ohio ; was a law3 r er, and practiced in Paris, 111. At his
country's call he raised a regiment in 1862, was appointed
Lieutenant-Colonel of the Sevent3 T -ninth Illinois, and was
killed, December 29th, 1862, at the battle of Stone River.
John C. graduated at Miami University in 1852, taught
for several years, studied law, and was admitted to the
bar in Baltimore, Md., in 1861. Left the law for mer-
chandising in 1865, and lives in Dayton, Ohio. No
WILLIAM CEAIGHEAD, third son of Dr. John Boyd
and Mary Wallace Purdy Craighead, born at Da} r ton,
Ohio, September 1st, 1835, married Margaret S. Wright,
daughter of Francis M. and Sophia A. Wright, of Urbana,
Ohio, December 27th, 1865. He graduated at Miami
SIXTH GENERATION. 145
University June 30th, 1855 ; studied law in Dayton, and
was admitted to the bar in 1859, and practices in Dayton.
498. Sophie, born February 16th, 1868.
499. Jeannette, " June 18th, 1872; died August 17th, 1873.
JOSEPH BOYD CRAIGHEAD, son of Dr. John Boyd
and Rebecca Dodds Craighead, born January 29th, 1845,
married Hannah Ann Gaar, December 30th, 1869, who
was born May 26th, 1849. They live in Richmond, Ind.
500. Milton Boyd, born January 2d, 1871.
JAMES SAMUEL CEAIGHEAD, oldest son of Wil-
liam Gr. and Rebecca George Craighead, was born October
27th, 1844. Was but twelve years old when his father
died, and consequently the responsibilities were great
that devolved upon him ; all of which he discharged with
great fidelity, and to the advantage of his younger brothers
and sisters. By his industry and perseverance he made
honorable acquisitions in education ; but his patriotism
led him to enlist, in 1863, in the Eighth Regiment of Iowa
Cavaliy, in which he served to the close of the war with
honor to himself, and to the benefit of the cause. Hon-
orably discharged in August, 1865, after a few weeks
passed with his friends, he started for the University at
Syracuse, X. Y., in order to pursue the studies which
had been interrupted by his enlistment, and died on the
way, May 12th, 1866, at Joliet, 111.
146 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
MARY ELENOE CRAIGHEAD, second daughter of
William Gilson and Rebecca George Craighead, born
March 10th, 1847, married Isaac G. Hawley March 10th,
1866. Mr. Hawlej^, though belonging to the Society of
Friends, enlisted in the Eighth Regiment of Iowa Cavalry
in 1863, and, after two years of service, was honorably dis-
charged. Resides on a farm near West Branch, Cedar
501. Charles Elvin, born December 29th, 1866,
502. Kenzo De Leo, born October 27th, 1868.
503. Walter Isaac, " » 7th, 1870.
501. Emma C, " March 9th, 1873.
505. Joseph William, » February 20th, 1875.
CHARLES WILLIAM CRAIGHEAD, second son of
William Gilson and Rebecca George Craighead, born
January 20th, 1849. Having a preference for the printing
business, he early in life engaged in it, but was obliged,
by reason of ill-health, to relinquish it for a time. Re-
covering his health, he has resumed the business, with
prospects of ultimate success, having a liberal education,
and good business habits and connections.
ALBERT NERI CRAIGHEAD, third son of Wil-
liam Gilson and Rebecca George Craighead, born near
New Lisbon, Ohio, December 2d, 1850, married, Sep-
tember 9th, 1873, Sarah Louise Waterson,of Constantine,
Mich. She was born December 16th, 1852, and w r as the
only surviving child of G. W. and Harriet A. Waterson.
SIXTH GENERATION. 147
Studied at Western College, Iowa, and in the Iowa Agri-
cultural College. After marriage resided in Iowa, until
the fall of 1875, when he removed to Owatoma, Minn.
Is engaged in the publishing business.
•506. Albert Waterson, torn October 27th, 1875.
EMMA JANE CEAIGHEAD, third daughter of Wil-
liam Gilson and Rebecca George Craighead, born near
]N"ew Lisbon, Ohio, December 11th, 1852; married May,
1875, Marshall Wallick, of Cedar Count}', Iowa. Mr.
Wallick is a farmer.
GEOEGE SMITH CEAIGHEAD, oldest son of
Thomas and Ann Jane Smith Craighead, born June 18th,
1841 ; married January 18th, 1870, Maggie Regina Dur-
kin, daughter of Thomas and Ann Eliza Durkin. Studied
pharmacy. Served as a volunteer in the late war from
December, 1861, to the close, being discharged July 26th,
1865. Was promoted to the position of Hospital Stew-
ard of his regiment. Returned to Philadelphia, and is
engaged in the drug business.
508. Mercer, born Oct. 23d, 1870.
509. Daisy, " April 22d, 1872.
510. Bertha, " March 20th, 1874 ; died July 31st, 1874.
511. Smith, " August 5th, 1875.
148 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
ALFKED CRAIGHEAD, second son of Thomas and
Ann Jane Smith Craighead, born January 3d, 1845;
married June 23d, 1869, Lucinda Slocum, daughter of
George S. and Susannah Slocum, of Roxborough. She
was born October 20th, 1845 ; died December 10th, 1872.
Married for his second wife, January 3d, 1876, Sallie J.
Delp, youngest daughter of Harriet and Joseph Delp, of
Philadelphia. Enlisted in the Sixty-eighth Regiment
Pennsylvania Volunteers August 1st, 1862; fought in
every battle of the Army of the Potomac from Antietam to
Gen. Lee's surrender, and was never off duty while in the
arniy. Was frequently detailed for special duty ; at Cul-
pepper and Brandy Station, Va., acting as Orderly to
Gen. D. B. Birney ; and in Augusjt, 1863, was detached
to army Signal and Telegraph Corps at headquarters of
General Meade. In this position, as line patrol, he was
on front line of battle, and under constant fire of the
enemy. At present holds appointment from Mayor
Stokley, of Philadelphia, as police telegraph operator,
with rank as Sergeant.
512. Horace Alfred, born July 21st, 1870 ; died July 24th, 1870.
HOKACE MILTON OEAIGHEAD, third son of
Thomas and Ami Jane Smith Craighead, born August
12th, 1848; married Mary E. Pinkerton, of Wilmington,
Del., April 13th, 1871. Resides at Musconetcong, War-
ren Count}', N. J. Is a paper manufacturer.
SIXTH GENERATION. 149
513. Infant, born Feb. 24th, '72; died Feb. 25th, '72.
514. George Alfred, " May 10th, 1873.
515. William Sanford, " Jan. 18th, 1875.
MARY CATHAEINE CRAIGHEAD, daughter of
George and Maria E. Carmony Craighead ; married
John Scott Woods, of South Middleton, Pa., November
20th, 1866. They reside in Carlisle, Pa.
516. Mary Jane.
517. George Craighead.
518. Emma Eliza.
520. Margaret Rebecca.
521. Ida Craighead.
RICHARD REYNOLDS CRAIGHEAD, second son
of John W. and Mary Ann Moore Craighead, born April
6th, 1841 ; married Mary Alice Leidich, who was born
October 3d, 1850, daughter of Adam and Regenia Mc-
Gowen Leidich, May 17th, 1871. Served as a volunteer
in the late war, and was wounded at Fort Stedman.
Merchant and builder. Lives at Craighead's Station,
four miles south of Carlisle.
523. Sallie Bell, born March 18th, '72; died May 21st, '72.
524. Maggie Regenia, " " 6th, '74; " June 12th, '74.
150 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
WILLIAM JOHNSTON CRAIGHEAD, son of John
and Alesanna Johnston Craighead, born March 7th, 1833 ;
married, October 11th, 1855, Mary A. McClure. Was a
merchant in Cleveland, Ohio, where he died August 19th,
1864. Wife lives in Cleveland.
525. Alice, born May 8th, 1857.
526. Lee Durbin, " Jan. 18th, 1860.
May 1st, 1863.
JAMES GILSON CRAIGHEAD, son of John and
Alesanna Johnston Craighead, born March 29th, 1835;
married Susan White, June 5th, 1859. Is a mechanic,
and lives in Mansfield, Ohio.
528. Septimus, born July 23d, 1860.
< Oct. 1st, 1864 ; died Oct. 9th, 1865.
DAVID CRAIGHEAD, son of John and Alesanna
Johnston Craighead, born December 19th, 1836 ; married
Eliza Hall, November 29th, 1859. A farmer, and lives
five miles from Mansfield, Ohio.
530. Alesanna, born March 14th, 1861.
531. William, " " 9th, 1866.
SIXTH GENERATION. 151
532. Caroline, born Aug. 10th, 1867.
533. Kobert, " March 29th, 1869
534. Lee, " June 7th, 1872.
ANN MAEY CRAIGHEAD, daughter of John and
Alesanna Johnston Craighead, born August 5th, 1839;
married Lorenzo Marley, February 19th, 1851. A farmer,
and lives two miles from Galion, Ohio.
535. James Leroy, born July 11th, 1858.
536. John Gailord, » Aug. 28th, 1861.
537. Albert, " Jan. 21st, 1868.
538. Lovesanna, " " 9th, 1870.
MAEY ANN CRAIGHEAD, only daughter of Gilson
and Sarah Rodery Craighead, born September 10th, 1834 ;
married James W. Porter, January, 1852. She died April
8th, 1855, leaving one child.
539. Lucy Ann, born ; married Allen J. Gaines.
HORACE CRAIGHEAD, only son of Robert and
Helen M. Smith Craighead, born January 30th, 1846 ;
married Frances Rose, daughter of William W. Rose,
Esq., November 3d, 1810. Resides at Mamaroneck,
152 CRAIGHEAD FAMILY.
540. Ethel, born Feb. 17th, 1875.
ROBERT D. CRAIGHEAD, M.D., only son of David
and Mary J. Sloan Craighead, born October 12th, 1846,
married Louise A., daughter of James M. Ray, of In-
dianapolis, May 29th, 18T2. Resides in Dunreith, Ind.
541. Eobert D., born March 24th, 1873.
542. James E., " July 14th, 1874.
543. Edward, « Dec. 22d, 1875; died Feb. 22d, 1876.
WILLIAM RITNER CRAIGHEAD, oldest son of
George and Sarah Ann Overman Craighead, born Au-
gust 17th, 1844; married Helen Phillips, October 7th,
544. Mary, born May 1st, 1870; died Sept. 10th, 1870.
545. Leonora, " July 20th, 1872.
546. Anna, " Jan. 19th, 1874.
JOHN HAMPTON CRAIGHEAD, second son of
George and Sarah Ann Overman Craighead, born Au-
gust 11th, 1846; married Susan Phillips, April 24th,
547. Eva, born March 10th, 1871.
548. Verna, " May 1st, 1872.
Kockt Spring Church is located four miles north of Cham-
bersburg, on the road leading to Strasburg. A large spring issues
from the high hill on which the church is built. The first church
was a rough log building, and stood between the present church
and graveyard, and was erected about 1739 or 1740, when the con-
gregation was organized. Beside it was a log building, fifteen feet
square, called the " Study House,"' which was used originally as a
receptacle for saddles and bridles, and afterwards by the pastor
before and between the church services. Here also the Session
held its meetings.
The second church, built in 1794, is of brick on a stone founda-
tion, and is sixty by forty-eight feet. The pews are yellow pine,
unpainted, with high, straight backs; the pulpit circular, and
painted blue, with sounding-board above, on which there is a rude
representation of a star. A precentor's desk is in front of the
pulpit, and the aisles are paved with brick. There are windows
on all sides of the church, and one door on the east and west re-
spectively, and two to the south. The walls are white, with a
blue border running round the ceiling, doors, and windows. The
old iron stoves that heated the first meeting-house are still in use,
as is also the original pewter communion service.
After the close of the Revolutionary war " the veterans when they
came to church wore their cocked hats and swords, and hung the
former on pegs around the walls. The Elders were all of them
distinguished soldiers of the Revolution. At this period the con-
gregation was large, numbering three hundred and eight heads of
families."* In the list of pewholders are found the names of Gen.
John Rea ; Col. Joseph Armstrong; Charles Cummins (Elder);
Col. Joseph Culbertson ; Robert Brotherton (Elder) ; Nicholas
Patterson (father of Rev. James Patterson) ; Capt. Samuel Pat-
* Dr. C. T. Mac-lay.
ton; Kobert Shields (Elder); Kobert Swan (who occupied the
Clerk's desk and led the music for nearly a half century); Maj.
James McCalmont (captain of a band of rangers in the Revolu-
tionary war) ; Capt. John McConnell; Eobert Culbertson ; Moses
Kirkpatrick (Elder) ; and Col. Samuel Culbertson.
The residence of Mr. Craighead was built of stone, and was de-
molished by the present owner of the farm in the spring of 1875,
in order to erect a more modern building on the same foundation.
It stood a short distance east of the church, and we add a descrip-
tion of the building and the hospitality of its owner, furnished
by Dr. Maclay :
" It was a grand old building with walls two feet in thickness,
though bent and curved inwards considerably from the action of
fire, the interior having been twice entirely burned out during the
occupancy of Mr. Craighead. It had great stone chimneys, four
flues in the east, and a large, open, wide chimney-place in the west
end, with space enough to boil apple-butter, bake, boil soap, and
butcher in at the same time. A long porch extended in front, the
whole length of the building. During the ministry of Mr. Craig-
head, this house was the headquarters of the clergy and the elder-
ship of all the adjacent congregations. Drs. King and Cooper,
and Revs. Lang, Dougal, Steel, and Linn, were frequent visitors.
The social and elegant manners of Mr. Craighead also made this
house a place of great resort for the young folks of the congrega-
tion, and many a joyous gathering was held by them in the old
three-cornered parlor, preliminary to the husking frolic or the
apple-butter boiling. Of the tea and quilting parties, held by the
mothers of the church, little now is known, except a few anecdotes
which have come down to us on the wings of tradition."
A well-authenticated anecdote is told of Mr. Craighead and of
Dr. Cooper, his intimate friend, the pastor at Newville. "After
the battle of Monmouth, when our army was retreating, the two
friends stopped at a farm-house for refreshments. Some food, to-
gether with a glass of fine whisky, was set before them, which
Mr. Craighead noticing, he very quickly requested Mr. Cooper
to ask a blessing. While doing so Mr. Craighead drank all the
whisky; and Mr. Cooper, being thirsty, inquired, after his prayer
ended, what had become of the whisky. His jovial friend promptly
reminded him that the Scriptures commanded us to watch as well
as pray !"
His tomb was originally built up with a brick wall and covered
with a large slate stone, inscribed: "In memory of Kev. John
Craighead, who departed this life the 20th day of April, 1799,
aged 57 years. Ordained to preach the Gospel, and installed pas-
tor of the congregation of Rocky Spring on the 13th April, A.D.
1768. He was a faithful and zealous servant of Christ." A neat
tombstone was erected at the head of the grave, a few years since,
by Mrs. Isabella Marshall, daughter of Captain Samuel Patton, an
Elder of the church. Mrs. Marshall was the last surviving mem-
ber of the old congregation. The grave is near the centre of the
yard, and shadowed by a fine cedar tree.
Mrs. Hetty Craighead was born at the "Walnut Bottom,
seven miles southwest of Carlisle, Pa., July 10th, 1789. She was
the daughter of Samuel Weakley and Hester Lusk, and belonged
to a family widely known and much respected. Married to Wil-
liam Craighead February 9th, 1815, she resided until her death,
in March, 1875, in the family mansion of her husband, four miles
south of Carlisle.
Mrs. Craighead possessed a clear and strong mind, which was
stored with useful knowledge, that rendered her society attractive;
and the early consecration of herself to Christ, and the subsequent
development of a consistent Christian character, made her a bless-
ing to the community and to the church, of which she was for
sixty years a member. With the Presbyterian Church, in all its
activities at home and abroad, her heart was in thorough sympathy.
"The Bible, in all its parts, was to her a constant companion,
and familiar as only some special portions are to most, as were the
catechisms and the church's grand old hymns."*
But it was in the family that her many excellencies were most
seen and fully appreciated. This was her place of honor, and her
chief sphere of usefulness. " Seldom has any mother succeeded
more completely in gaining the respect and affection of her chil-
dren. To the last year of her life they appeared to have no higher
earthly enjoyment than to assemble under her roof and to receive
her blessing. That home was never without family worship ; over
* The parts quoted are from an obituary in The Evangelist, written by her
r, Rev. Dr. C. P. Wing.
which, in the absence of others on whom the duty of leading de-
volved, she presided with great acceptance and dignity. Outside
that family circle, also, many were witnesses of her remarkable
power in prayer."
" During the last years of her life she was confined to her
chamber, but was kindly exempted from all pain, so that she was
able to devote herself to reading and to social life. Her room was
the centre of interest for all her children and grandchildren, all
of whom were delighted to contribute to her pleasure. A visit
to it was cheering and instructive to all. Under circumstances
which many would have found trying to their cheerfulness she saw
nothing to trouble her, and she spoke of nothing but goodness and
mercy. She indulged in no complaints of others, and all her an-
ticipations for the Church and the world were richly colored by
bright promises. Her mind was unimpaired to the very last, and
her views of religious truth were constantly expanding. During
her last hours she spoke freely of the ground of her hopes as of
that respecting which she had no misgivings." In reply to an in-
quiry respecting her comfort she said : " Very, very comfortable ;
looking unto Jesus! Precious Saviour! Other refuge have I
none." Her remains were borne to the grave by her sons and
Her father, Samuel Weakley, born 1775, died February 10th,
1829, and Hesther Lusk, his wife, born 1755, died October 1st,
1819 ; both buried at Newville. Had five sons and six daughters.
James, the eldest son, died, aged 13 months, and is buried at
Meeting-house Springs. John died November 25th, 1826, un-
married. Mary married Judge Alexander Brown, December
16th, 1806, and had children: Samuel died, aged 10; Mary mar-
ried Alfred Norton, and had one child, Laura ; Sidney married
James Morehead, and had children, Alfred, Mary, Frank (all
dead), and Eliza. Sidney died unmarried. William Lusk,
born February 18th, 1782, and died November 10th, 1836, married
Martha Ege, and had children : Peter married Harriet Black, no
children ; Joseph ; Hetty married David Blaine, who was killed at
the battle of Peach Orchard; William; Martha married Mr. Slay-
maker, of Lancaster County, Pa. James, born July 27th, 1787,
died April 3d, 1863, married Eliza Geddes, born 1796, died June
20th, 1849, and had children: Hetty married James Miller, Jan-
uary 1st, 1844; Elizabeth died, aged 15; Martha married Dr. A.
E. Sharpe, of Newville, Pa., October 24th, 1854, and has one son,
James; John died at Baton Rouge, La., was a captain in late
war, and unmarried ; William; James married, and lives in Kan-
sas. Eliza married John Huston, and had children: James
married, first, Matilda Line, and second, Margaret Graham ; Sid-
ney died unmarried ; Samuel married Mary Woods ; Williamson
married Miss Line ; Caroline married Joseph Heminger. Sam-
uel died in infancy. Matilda married John Scott, and had
children : William married Sally Hayes ; John married Elizabeth
Rowland, and had children, John, Xenophon (physician in Cleve-
land), Isabella, and Mary; Hetty died young; Matilda married
Dr. Armstrong; David married ; Sidney, unmarried. Isa-
bella married Henry Chalfant, and had children : John W.
married Ellen Q. McCrea ; Henry R. married Eva R. Graham ;
George A. married Margaretta Bell ; Annie R. married Albert G.
Miller; William L. married Ashley Piette ; Sidney A., James
T., and Albert M., are unmarried; and William B. and Hettie
L. died young.
Rev. Matthew Wilson was born in New London, Chester
County, Pa., January loth, 1731. He was the son of James
Wilson, of Nottingham, Pa., and was educated in IS T ew London
Academy, in which school he was soon after invited to become
teacher of languages. He received his license from New Castle
Presbytery, 1754, and was ordained and installed pastor over the
churches of Lewis and Cool Spring, Delaware, in 1755, and sub-
sequently of Indian River. An eminent man in his da}*. As a
teacher, physician, and preacher, he was accomplished in them all.
His zeal in the cause of American Independence was such, that
he inscribed the word " Liberty" on his cocked hat, so that no
one might doubt his sentiments. He was skilled in jurisprudence,
and highly esteemed for his counsel.*
Rev. James Patriot Wilson, D.D., a son of Rev. Matthew
W 7 ilson, was born February 21st, 1769, and graduated at the Uni-
versity of Pennsylvania in 1788. He fitted himself for the bur,
entered upon the practice of law, and attained a high reputation.
Through affliction he was brought to a conviction, and then to a
full acceptance, of Christianity, and at once devoted himself to
the ministry. After a two years' pastorate at Lewes, Delaware,
* Wilson's Pies. His. Almanac.
he was called to the First Church, in Philadelphia, in 1806, where
he remained for nearly a quarter of a century.
He was one of the leading minds of the Presbyterian Church.
" Of tall stature, with a countenance grave rather than animated,
his features bore the stamp of kindly feeling and high intelligence.
Uniformly urbane and obliging, fastidiously modest, of a truly
catholic and liberal spirit, he was the model of a Christian gentle-
man. His learning was thorough and extensive ; yet he was by
no means a mere pedant or book-worm. Few men have ever so
thoroughly digested their laboriously acquired knowledge. His
mind was disciplined to its tasks, and, though he never used a
note or read a line in the pulpit, the logic of his argument was
clear, concise, consecutive, and conclusive. And his piety was in
keeping with his simplicity and humility. His convictions of the
truth of what he preached were firmly grounded in his own ex-
perience. His sermons, if rarely imaginative, were replete with
lucid exposition or solid instruction. He sought to bring forth the
real meaning, and to elucidate the teachings of the Scriptures."*
His son, Rev. James P. Wilson, D.D., of Newark, New Jersey,
has inherited largely his distinguished father's talents, his fond-
ness for the classics, his independence, and modest gentlemanly
Kev. John Brow^n, the father of Elizabeth, wife of Pvev. Thomas
B. Craighead, was born in Ireland, and graduated at Nassau Hall
in 1749 ; was licensed by New Castle Presbytery, and in August,
1753, had a call to Timber Eidge and Providence, Ya. This call
was accepted, and he continued his useful labors there until 1776,
when he resigned and removed to Kentucky, where he died in
When Tarleton spread consternation throughout the surround-
ing valley of Virginia, Mr. Brown, in connection with his co-
presbyters, Messrs. Graham and Scott, exhorted the stripling
youths of their congregations — their elder brethren were already
with Washington — to rise and join their neighbors, and dispute
the passage of the invader.
Mr. Brown was married to the daughter of Mr. John Preston,
of Virginia. His oldest son, John, was United States Senator
from Kentucky for three terms; his third son, James, was the
* Gillett, vol. i, pp. 7.3,76.
first Secretary of State of Kentucky, Senator from Louisiana,
and Minister to the Court of France.
William Geddes married for his first wife Sarah McAllen,
and had children: James, Margaret, John, Paul, William, Eobert;
and for his second wife, Catherine, daughter of James Craighead,
by whom he had a son, Thomas, who married Mary, daughter of
His first son, James, moved to Geddes, N. Y., in 1794, and en-
gaged in the manufacture of salt. Eemoved to Camillus, 1798;
was a member of the Legislature in 1804, and Chief Engineer of
the Erie and Ohio canals: was employed by the General Govern-
ment to locate the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, and subsequently
the Pennsylvania Canals. In 1812, Judge of Ontario County ;
1813, elected to Congress; and died August 19th, 1838, leaving an
only child, Hon. George Geddes, of Fairmount, N. Y.
Eev. David Caldwell, D.D., was born in Lancaster County,
Pa., March 22d, 1725. His father was a farmer, and his son either
worked on the farm or as a carpenter until twenty-five years of
age. His preparatory studies were under Kev. Robert Smith, of
Pequea, Pa., and he graduated at Princeton, 1761. He came under
the care of New Brunswick Presbytery September 28th, 1762, was
licensed August 18th, 1763, and sent by Presbytery one year as
supply to North Carolina, where a call was given him by the
churches of Buffalo and Allamance. Keturned north, and was
ordained at Trenton, N. J., July 5th, 1765, and dismissed to Han-
over Presbytery. Installed March 3d, 1768. In connection with
his charge, he taught a large and celebrated classical school, in
which many of the most eminent men of the South, lawyers,
statesmen, and clergymen, were educated. "He was long a
patriarch among the churches of North Carolina ; learned, pious,
patriotic ; a revolutionary whig ; a genial friend and trusty coun-
sellor, as well as successful teacher and able preacher.'.'* " The
territory that constituted the field of his labors was .repeatedly a
scene of terror and bloodshed. His house was plundered, his
library and furniture destroyed, and the most insidious efforts
were made to arrest him, when he had fled for his life. His peo-
ple, like himself, were earnest patriots, and some lost their lives
in battle, while all were subjected to the severest trials. "f
* Gillett, vol. i, p. 469. f Sprague's Annals; Caldwell's Biography.
He was a member of the convention that formed the State Con-
stitution, and was offered, but declined, the Presidency of the State
University. He continued pastor until 1820, and died August
25th, 1824. If he had lived seven months longer he would have
been 100 years old.
His son, Samuel Craighead Caldwell, born July 10th, 1768, was
licensed in 1792, at the age of 19, and ordained and installed pas-
tor over Sugar Creek and Hopewell churches. A revival almost
immediately followed his settlement, and more than seventy con-
verts united with the Church. " Modest, mild, and gentle in
demeanor ; clear in thought and utterance ; plain and direct in
speech, and never losing his self-command, he was a man to be
respected as well as loved."
He married, 1, Abigail Bain Alexander, and had two children,
David Thomas, and Jane. David Thomas married Harriet David-
son, and had children: Samuel Craighead, William Davidson,
Thomas, Sarah Jane, Robert Baxter, Minnie, and Alice ; and for
his second wife, Adeline Hutchinson, and had one child, Addie.
Jane married Rev. Walter Smiley Pharr, and had one son, Rev.
Samuel Caldwell Pharr, D.D., who married Miss Springs. Mr.
Caldwell's second wife was Elizabeth Lindsay, by whom he had
children : Robert Lindsay, who graduated at University of Geor-
gia, and at Union Theological Seminary, Va., settled as pastor at
Statesville, IS". C, married Martha Bishop, and died, aged 27
years, leaving one son, John Rice. Abigail B. married Robert
D. Alexander, and had children: Agnes, Brevard, Davidson, Lot-
tie, Samuel Craighead Caldwell. The latter, born February 24th,
1830, graduated at Davidson College 1848, Columbia Theologi-
cal Seminary 1853, pastor of Thyatira and Black Creek churches,
married Mary Holmes Brown, May 21st, 1857, and had children :
Samuel, Bettie Brown, Robert Owen, Mary Abigail, and lives
at Wadesboro, N. C. Samuel Craighead, born 1810, was a mer-
chant in •Grenada, Miss., and was lost on board the Pathfinder, on
the Mississippi River, never married. John McKnitt Madison, born
1812, graduated at the University of Georgia and Union Theo-
logical Seminary, Va., and licensed 1835, and ordained 1836.
Pastor of Sugar Creek Church 1837, and then at Rome, Ga., in
1845. Resigned 1857 to take charge of the Rome Female College,
and became proprietor 1860, where he still labors. He married,
1844, Caroline E. Livy, and had eight sons: Thomas Parsons,
born November, 1851, died April, 1852; Edwin Harper, born
1853, died 1872; Samuel Craighead, born 1846, graduated 1868
at Princeton, Professor Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Kome,
Ga., married Kate Pearson, 1870, and has two sons; Alfred
Shorter, born 1848, married Lizzie Hutchinson, 1874, and has one
daughter; John Livy, born 1850, graduated Princeton 1870, and
at Princeton Seminary 1874, and pastor at Pleasant Hill, Mo. ;
Franklin Hawkins, born 1857, and is a merchant in Kome, Ga. ;
and two died in infancy. Andrew Harper, born 1814, graduated at
Centre College, Ohio, and Union Theological Seminary, Va.,
married Sarah Ann Williamson, and has children: John, Samuel
Craighead, Sarah Elizabeth, Willie Dobie, Walter Lindsay, and
Anna. Seled, born 1816, is a Baptist preacher, lives in Texas,
and has three children. Septimus, born 1818, was an eminent
lawyer of Grenada, Miss., killed by upsetting of a stage. Cyrus
Kingsbury, born 1821, graduated 1841 at Davidson College, and
at Union Theological Seminar}*, Va., 1846, ordained 1847, mar-
ried Fannie A. McKinley, 1855, and had children : Ida Lindsay,
Anna Hope, Fannie Maria, Bessie Morrison. Pastor of Buf-
falo and Bethel churches, at Pittsboro, and at Denmark, Tenn.,
where he died, much beloved and lamented, March, 1876. Walter
Pharr, born 1822, is a lawyer, and lives at Greensboro, N. C.
Married Nannie Weatherly, and has children : Earnest, Maggie,
Mamie, Carrie, Nannie, Daisey, Abby Wood.
Since the sketch of Kev. Alexander Craighead was in type the
following letter has been received from Eev. A. W. Miller, D.D.,
of Charlotte, N. C. :
-- Key. J. G. Craighead, D.D.
" Dear Sir : An examination of the old records of the Presby-
terian Church, together with the various notices by the historians,
satisfied me that injustice had been done him by one of these,
Hodge, and that full justice had been done him by none of these,
as the most enlightened, consistent, and devoted patriot of the
age, who fearlessly carried out his principles to their just conclu-
sions, and thus became entitled to the pre-eminent distinction,
'The Father of his Country.'
" These views I presented in a sermon before my people on
Sunday, May 14th, 1876, an extract from which I send you:
"'If to the people of Mecklenburg County, Providence as-
signed the foremost position in the ranks of patriots a century
ago, let them never cease to cherish and to hallow the memory of
that illustrious hero, who prepared them for it at so great toil and
pains, and for years and years diligently sowed the seed that pro-
duced the glorious harvest. No ordinary work was given him to
do, and no ordinary training and discipline fitted him for it.
Deeply imbibing the spirit of the Scottish Covenants, contending
earnestly for the descending obligations of those covenants upon
all whose ancestors were parties to the same, and insisting upon
making the adoption of the Solemn League and Covenant a term
of communion for members of the church in the colonies as well
as in the mother country, testifying continually to the Headship
of Christ over the state, and the responsibility of all kings and
rulers to Him, a failure of whose allegiance to Him would forfeit
the allegiance of the people to them ; proclaiming everywhere
these grand old doctrines, with a fidelity, and a courage, and a
zeal, and a constancy that ought to have secured sympathy and
commanded admiration. Instead of this, he experienced the
usual fate of those who are in advance of the age. He was op-
posed, resisted, denounced as an extremist, an ultra-reformer,
calumniated as an agitator, and even censured by the General
Synod of the Presbyterian Church ! It was not until he came to
North Carolina, that he found a congenial element which he could
mould and train successfully in devotion to principles bearing
fruit in splendid achievements, which now, at this anniversary
season, in another city, are commanding the homage of the repre-
sentatives of the world — so successfully trained, that Charlotte
occupied the front rank more than a year in advance of Philadel-
phia — the latter on May 20th, 1775, counselling submission, the
former declaring Independence — and Mecklenburg became the
leader of the entire land !
" ' A retributive Providence, slow but sure, is now vindicating
the memory of Christ's faithful witness and his country's greatest
benefactor. The names of his detractors have passed into oblivion,
or have encountered the odium they fastened upon his, but the
clouds of prejudice and passion which dimmed his fair fame have
all been swept away, and with a glorious lustre, that shall brighten
and brighten with the centuries to come, shines forth the honored,
thrice-honored name of Alexander Craighead!' "
Dr. George Craighead was also a native of Virginia. His
mind was strong and discriminating, and his judgment was in-
tuitive. He was a close observer of all connected with cases under
his treatment. These are qualities without which the greatest
genius is unavailing to make one an eminent, or even a safe prac-
titioner of medicine. These he possessed in a high degree. He.
was moreover a most benevolent and conscientious man, who
sympathized in the sufferings of others, and who exerted himself
to the uttermost to mitigate and relieve them.
He might have been truly called the American Howard, for he
lived and labored for others rather than for himself.
He practiced medicine most assiduously and successfully for a
quarter of a century, and seldom made a charge against a patient.
He was a bachelor, and said that he desired nothing more than
a bare support. When he was in need of any article of dress, he
would say to one, whose family he had been attending, " I am
about to purchase a coat, a hat, or other articles of dress, as the
case might be, and I want you to call at such a store and pay for
it." He received from those of his patients who were able and
willing to compensate him for his services such sums as they volun-
tarily tendered him, which he spent in supplying the wants of the
poor and the destitute around him.
He would devote himself as assiduously in attendance on the
poor free negro, from whom he knew that he would never receive
a dime, as he would to the wealthiest person in the land.
I mention the following incident to show the disinterested
benevolence of his character :
An individual, whose family he had attended for many years
without having received a cent, said to him, " Doctor, I am about
to remove to the Western country without paying what I owe you.
After settling in full with all my creditors I find I have barely
enough to take me and my family to Tennessee. If I shall suc-
ceed in business, after getting to my new home, I will send you as
much as I think will satisfy you."
"Never mind that," said the kindhearted physician; "how
much do you think will suffice to make you comfortable on the
way, and give you a start after you get to Tennessee ?"
"I suppose that forty dollars will be amply sufficient," was the
Whereupon he took from his pocket two bank-notes of twenty
dollars each, which he presented to him, saying: "Receive this
from a friend, and do your best to take care of wife and children.
I hope to hear of your success in your new home."
This is but one of many acts of benevolence that might be re-
lated of this remarkable man.
It was his custom, when attending on slaves who were not fur-
nished with sufficient bedding or other necessary articles, to pur-
chase what was needed for their comfort, and have it charged to
their owners. In the case of free negroes and poor white persons
he supplied them at his own cost.
If there has been in our world a good Samaritan, since the days
of Him who ministered to the unfortunate and destitute wayfaring
man between Jerusalem and Jericho, it is he of whom I write. I
am happy to say that he was the friend of my youth, of my riper
years, and of my old age. — By Thomas P. Atkinson, M.D., in
the Virginia Clinical Record.
Dr. William Craighead. — I will give you an incident that
will show his brother "William's magnanimity. I once heard it
remarked to him that he had been badly treated by a friend who
had failed, and for whom he had indorsed heavily ; he replied with
much earnestness, " I do not think so ; for when I become security
for a man I undertake the risk, and if he fails honorably and I
lose by him, it does not lessen him in my estimation." — Mrs. Dr.
John I. Burton.
White Clay Creek Church. — The ground on which the
church was built was deeded to six trustees by Rev. Thomas Craig-
head, April 10th, 1727. It was part of his farm of 402 acres,
which he purchased from Jonathan Evans, February 8th, 1724,
and for which he paid £242 7s. " lawful silver money of the gov-
ernment." The consideration for the one acre sold for church
purposes, was "one peppercorn yearly, if demanded."
Marriage. Gen. CRAIGHEAD FAMILY. Birth. Death
Christian names of the descendants, male and female, of Rev. Thomas Craig-
head, the original settler in this country. The figures before the name denote
the year of birth ; those after, the number belonging to the individual.
David Elder, .
DanielS., . . . .337
Diana K., . . . .282
1851. Alice Weakley,
Edgar Olga, . . . .483
1875. Albert W.,
1850. Albert N.,
18-45. Alfred, .
. Andrew, .
Elizabeth B., .
1845. Ann S., .
Eliza H., .
1839. Ann Mary,
Eliza L., .
Eliza T., .
Ella Matilda, .
1816. Benjamin Alexander,
Emeline M., .
1830. Benjamin F
Emeline M., .
1840. Benjamin S.
Emma J., .
1863. Benjamin F
1846. Beriah G.,
1874. Bertha, .
1867. Caroline, .
1844. Catharine J
1840. Charles D.,
Frank Benson, . . . 491
1849. Charles W.,
Frank William, . . . 383
1849. Charles Cooper,
Franklin G., . . . .306
1857. Charles, .
Franklin M. G., . . . 495
1873. Charles D.,
1864. Charles Lamb,
1862. Charles A.,
1864. Charles, .
1869. Clarabella Atwood.
1849. Cyrus F., .
1816. David, .
1836. David, .
1853. George G.,
I860. George L.,
1841. George S.,
1866. George Smith
1863. George V.,
1858. George W.,
1808. Gilson, .
1836. Gilson, .
. Gordon, .
Hugh L., .
1855. Ida Jane ilc,
— . Ida V., .
James P. N.,
James P. N.,
James R. E.,
James S., .
James T., .
Jane or Janet
Jane K., .
Jane I., .
Jennie E., 248
Jesse Van Auken, . . . 374
Jim Robert, .... 463
Joanna M., . . . .130
John A 304
John A. 305
John Alexander, . . . 467
John Alfred, . . . .371
John B., 64
John Boyd, . . . .176
John Brattain, . . .122
John Brattain, . . . 441
John H., 475
John P., 288
John S., . " . . . .290
John S. 281
John Thomas, . . .492
John W., 336
John Weakley, . . .195
Joseph B., 324
Joseph E., . . . .125
Julia Eliza, .... 432
Kate Emeline, . . . 459
Laura L., .
1842. Margaret M. E.
1834. Maria Clark, .
1S14. Martha Jane,
1875. Marv A., .
1813. Mary Ann,
1821. Mary Ann,
1832. Marv Ann,
1834. Mary Ann,
1857. Mary Anna,
. Mary C, .
1847. Marv E., .
1848. Mary Ellen,
1827. Mary Jane,
1840. Marv K., .
1865. Mary Kimball
1807. Mary Lamb,
1850. Mary Preston,
1870. Mercer, .
1766. Mildred, .
1871. Milton Bovd
. Nancy, .
1808. Nancy, .
1810. Nancy, .
1836. Nancy, .
1875. Nannie J.,
1855. Naomi J.,
. Nathaniel G.
1849. Newton C,
1827. Peter R.,
1873. Thomas G., .
1855. Thomas Moore,
1830. Thomas P., .
1773. Thomas Thompson,
Descendants having other names than that of Craighead. The figures before
the name denote the birth ; those after, the number belonging to the individual.
1856. Alley, Thomas E.,
1860. Alley, Marcellus M.,
1871. Anderson, James William, .
1872. Anderson, Hugh Olive, .
1873. Anderson, Patterson L.,
I860. Boone, William J., .
1863. Boone, George C,
1726. Boyd, Margaret,
1728. Boyd, John, .
1730. Boyd, Janet, .
1732. Boyd, Agnes, .
1738. Boyd, Adam, .
1740. Boyd, Andrew,
1745. Boyd, Elizabeth,
1743. Boyd, Hannah,
1736. Boyd, Mary, .
1747. Boyd, Samuel, .
1734. Boyd, Thomas,
1844. Brandon, Anderson C. G.,
1841. Brandon, Calvin Knox, .
1839. Brandon, George R.,
1837. Brandon, Gilson C,
1846. Brandon, James Ray, .
1833. Brandon, Martha Jane,
1831. Brandon, Mary Ann, .
1843. Brandon, Sarah Ellen, .
1835. Brandon, Wm. Templeton,
. Buntin, John C, .
. Buntin, Daniel F. C
1769. Caldwell, Alexander C.
1771. Caldwell, Andrew,
1777. Caldwell, David,
1772. Caldwell, James E., .
1780. Caldwell, John W.,
1775. Caldxcell, Martha,
1786. Caldwell, Robert C,
1777. Caldwell, Thomas, .
1767. Caldwell, Samuel C,
. Connelly, Frances, .
. Connelly, Mary Ann,
. Connelly, Margaret,
. Cooper, Charles R., .
. Cullen, Elizabeth, .
. Cullen, James Harvey,
. Cullen, Jane, .
. Cullen, Temperance,
. Dunlap, David,
. Dunlap, George,
. Dunlap, Jane, .
. Dunlap, Nancy,
. Dunlap, Rachel,
1861. Ege, Annie G.,
1864. Ege, Charles N.,
1853. Ege, Hetty C, .
1855. Ege, Laura G.,
1859. Ege, Richard C.
1859. Ellis, Alicia, .
1857. Ellis, Annie, .
1855. Ellis, Mary, .
1779. Geddes, Thomas, .
. Gilson, Margaret A.,
1841. Given, Mary F.,
1866. Hawley, Charles Elvin
1873. Hawley, Emma C, .
1875. Hawley, Joseph William
1868. Hawley, Renzo De Leo
1870. Hawley, Walter Isaac,
1867. Hoge, J. Lena,
1861. Hoge, Marv 0.,
1862. Hoge, Sarah R.,
1859. Hoge, William Edgar,
1850. Kimball, Arthur V.,
1818. Kimball, Charles H.,
1842. Kimball, Ellen G., .
1839. Kimball, Ellen Mary,
1845. Kimball, George H.,
1832. Kimball, Josephine J.,
1840. Kimball, Julia A., .
1831. Kimball, Richard C,
1834. Kimball, Thomas S.,
1837. Kimball, William C,
1868. Marley, Albert,
1858. Marley, James Leroy,
1861. Marley, John Gailord,
1870. Marley, Lovesanna,
. Miller, Esther,
. McDowell, Alexander,
. McDowell, John,
. McDowell, Patty, .
. McDowell, Peggy, .
1858. Orr, Lizzie M.,
1862. Orr, Sarah Yinnie, .
1809. Park, George C, .
1806. Park, Samuel, .
. Porter, Lucy Ann, .
1849. Preston, David Craighead,
. Preston, John, .
1837. Ramsey, Lillie Ann,
1835. Ramsey, Maggie H.,
1S53. Rowlings, Edmund A. K.,
1861. Raw-lings, Margaret H. M.,
1856. Rowlings, Rutelia. .
1859. Raidings, Thos. Craighead,
. Ravnotds, Thomas C,
1868. Redneld, Hal. Linwood,
1871. Redfield, M. Forhs, .
1S45. Thatcher, Catharine K.,
1831. Thatcher, Ellen Jane,
1833. Thatcher, Emily Hunt,
1S38. Thatcher, Malinda E.,
1836. Thatcher, Margaret H.,
1840. Thatcher, Sarah Ann E.
1848. Thatcher, Samuel S.,
1829. Thatcher, William C,
1844. Trego, Margaret D.,
1844. Trego, Marv E., .
1846. Trego, Rachel R., .
1845. Trego, William C, .
. Watson, Amelia,
. Watson, Belle, .
. Watson, Martha,
. Watson, Nancy,
. Watson, Rachel,
1829. While, Eliza Lawson,
1827. White, John James,
1871. Wilds, Marv Eleanor,
1873. Wilds, Willie McCune,
1765. Wilson, Elizabeth, .
1816. Wilson, Elizabeth, .
1S17. Wilson, George,
1824. Wilson, Henrietta, .
1769. Wilson, James P., .
. Wilson, John W.,
1767. Wilson, Margaret, .
. Wilson, Margaret, .
1819. Wilson, Marv W., .
1826. Wilson, Nancy C, .
. Wilson, Rachel C, .
1816. Wilson, Samuel C, .
1772. Wilson, Theodore, .
. Wilson, Thomas C., .
. Wilson, William C,
1837. Woodburn, James S.,
1832. Woodburn, J. H., .
1839. Woodburn, Rebecca J.,
1S35. Woodburn, Thomas G,
. Woods, Emma E., .
. Woods, George C, .
. Woods, Ida C, .
. Woods, Margaret R.,
. Woods, Mary Jane, .
. Woods, Richard,
Names of persons who have married into the Craighead family. The figures
before the name denote the date of marriage ; those after, the number belonging
to the individual -with whom they intermarried.
Adair, Elizabeth M.,
Anderson, James W.
Alley, A. K., .
Bailey, Fannie E., .
Baird, Evan H.,
Benson, J. J., .
Blumenthal, C. E., .
Boggs, Jane, .
Boone, James, .
Boyd, Jenny, .
Boyd, Adam, Rev., .
Brown, Eliza, .
Brown, Margaret, .
Brandon, Mary A.,
Brandon, George S.,
Buntin, W. A.,
Caldwell, David, Rev.,
Calhoun, Patrick, .
Carmony, Catharine H
Carmony, Maria E.,
Carter, Rachel A., .
Clymer, Daniel, Rev.,
Cooper, John A., .
Connelly, Edward, .
Cullum, John M., .
1876. Delp, Sallie J.,
1833. Dickerson, Jane,
1841. Dodds, Rebecca,
1868. Doss, Eliza C, .
. Dunlap, Samuel,
. Dunlap, George,
1870. Durkin, Maggie R
1852. Ege, A. G.,
1872. Elder, Jessie F.,
1860. Elder, Sarah E., .
1854. Ellis, James, .
1849. Erwin, Ellen K., .
1868. Fleming, Martha J.,
1869. Gaar, Hannah A., .
. Geddes, Thomas, .
1778. Geddes, William, .
1842. George, Rebecca, .
. Gillespie, Jane,
. Gillespie, Mary,
1802. Gillespie, Mary, .
. Gilson, Isabella,
. Gilson, Margaret, .
. Gilson, Margaret, .
1839. Gilson, William, .
1839. Given, William F.,
1790. Glenn, Frances,
1820. Goodloe, Mary Hunt,
1864. Goodwin, Lizzie E.,
1831. Gordon, Maria L., .
1853. Haines, Emma M., .
1859. Hall, Eliza, .
1866. Hawlev, Isaac G., .
1858. Hoge, D. O., .
1831. Johnston, Alesanna,
1850. Johnston, Eliza, .
1847. Johnston, Tennessee Virg..
1830. Kimball, Volney R., .
Lamb, Jane, .
Laughlin, Catharine G. :
Leidich, Mary Alice,
— . Lightcap, Solomon, .
1873. Lilly, John W.,
Matthews, Frances C,
Miller, John, .
Moore, Mary Ann, .
Moore, Sarah Jane,
McAllister, Mary I.,
McClure, Mary A.,
McCollom, Ph'ebe, .
McDowell, Alexander E
McRhee, William, .
1824. Neill, Elizabeth S.,
1806. Nelson, Temperance,
1855. Orr, Rev. Franklin,
1843. Overman, Sarah A.,
Park, James, .
1870. Phillips, Susan,
1871. Pinkerton, Mary E.,
1852. Porter, James W., .
. Preston, Jane,
1845. Preston, Thomas W.,
1829. Purdy, Mary Wallace,
1834. Ramsey, Col. W. B. A., .
1852. Rawlings, Thomas K., .
1846. Raynolds, George, .
1868. Read, Olivia F.,
1866. Redfield, E. F.,
1841. Reynolds, Lydia L.,
. Richardson, Rev. William,
1833. Rodery, Sarah,
1870. Rose, Frances,
1786. Sandys, Samuel, ... 49
1853. Schenck, Jeannette A., . . 215
1812. Scott, Alexander, ... 58
1845. Sheffer, Augusta L., . . 181
. Shields, Ann, . . . .101
. Simmons, Dr. R. P., . . 167
1842. Sloan, Mary J., 214
1869. Slocum, Lucinda, . . .354
1840. Smith, Ann Jane, . . .188
1845. Smith, Helen M., . . .212
1817. Sterrett, Martha, . . .163
1843. Sutherland, Sarah Agnes, . 155
1860. Sweinhart, Johanna, . . 299
1827. Thatcher, Samuel S., . . 145
1757. Thompson, Mildred, . . 12
1842. Thrasher, Harriet, . . 294
1844. Trego, Major Joseph, . . . 180
1850. Van Auken, Harriet M., . 198
1875. Wallick, Marshall, . . .349
1814. Watson, David, . . .114
1873. Watterson, Sarah L., . . 348
1815. Weakley, Hetty, ... 99
1796. Weakley, Rebecca, . . 96
1790. White, Agnes, . . .101
. White, James, . . . 154
1833. White, Phereby R., . . 125
1841. White, Sophia Elizabeth, . 156
1859. White, Susan, . . . .394
1870. Wilds, Thomas M., . . 307
. Williams, Rachel F., . . 234
1764. Wilson, Rev. Matthew, . . 11
1815. Wilson, Samuel, ... 62
1812. Wilson, William, . . .115
1830. Woodburn, Thomas S., . . 180
. Wood, Dr. Marquis, . . 216
1866. Woods, John Scott, . . 360
1865. Wright, Margaret S., . . 321
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