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November, 1903. 
December, 1903. 

January, 1904. 

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February, 1904. 

February, 1904. 
March, 1904. 



BORN 1768 DIED 1838 


BART., M.P., LL.D., F.R.S. 











LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS ... ... ... ... ix 


Queen Caroline's establishment The summary prorogation 
The pretender Olivia Lady Holland at home Brougham 
fulfils a pledge Dinner with the Queen Lord Holland's 
apology The Queen excluded from the Abbey The north 
to be roused The Queen's death Suspicions about 
Brougham's honesty An honourable executor Lord 
Lauderdale George IV. in Ireland End of the Royal visit 1-32 


Creevey's activity In the Whig camp "A Voice from St. 
Helena " The frequency of suicide Castlereagh's death 
George IV. in Scotland The Duke of Sussex Canning 
assumes the lead Lord Thanet on the situation Can- 
ning's voice, Castlereagh's hand Mr. Cobbett's views 
Knowsley revisited .................. 33~5^ 


A young lady's letters Criticism upon Canning Two very 
different dukes The Duke of Buckingham Social 
scheming Tittle-tattle At Crockford's Royal Ascot 
Newmarket A visit to Lambton Captain FitzClarence's 
opinions .............. . ...... 




Two Scottish divines The birth of railways Creevey's seat in 
jeopardy Lambton revisited Creevey as an author Lady 
Grey's views Lord J. Russell on Reform Canning and the 
Opposition The Corn Laws 84-102 


Liverpool's last illness Brougham receives a challenge Creevey 
enjoys his freedom A Cabinet crisis Mischievous times 
Brougham in the thick of it Coalition Creevey's objec- 
tionsWellington and Grey Death of Canning Grey 
and Brougham Lowther Castle The Goderich Ministry 
Party politics in the north The affair of Navarino 103-134 


Return to Croxteth Rumours of war Lord Grey's speculations 
Sefton and Brougham What is Brougham after ? General 
distress in the country A quarrel Overtures to the Whigs 
Rival marquesses The Duke of Sussex and the Whigs 
Lord Hill puts down his foot Huskisson resigns Colling- 
wood's memoirs Petworth Creevey out in the cold The 
Clare election 135-167 


An obsequious cicerone The Bessborough estates Lord 
Hutchinson Power of Kilfane Impressions of Ireland 
Lord Donoughmore's recollections Irish society Dan 
O'Connell The Tighes of Woodstock Creevey's indiscre- 
tion The Viceregal Lodge Carton 168-192 


Catholic emancipation The Garth scandal A party at Lady 
Sefton's Intrigues in the Opposition First trip on the 
railway-A spendthrift peer 193-205 





Brougham's literary schemes Lord D euro's engagement- 
Death of George IV. Death of Huskisson Lord Grey's 
administration A party in Downing Street Queen Ade- 
laide's Drawing-room The first draft of Reform Stirring 
times The second reading carried The Bill in Committee 
Creevey returns to Parliament The Prime Minister 
Influenza The race for honours Coronation gossip The 
Reform agitation 206-239 


The prospects of the Bill A party at Lady Grey's Lord Grey 
resigns The Reform Bill passed The end of the old order 
The Reformed Parliament Affairs in Arlington Street 
Miss Berry's dinner-party Roscoe as historian King 
William's levee 240-260 



The Court at Windsor Private political history Lord j Hol- 
land's ability Gossip Joseph Parkes 261-271 


Creevey's office threatened Rogers's dinner-party Competition 
for office Oxford declines Talleyrand Creevey's new post 
Anecdote about Lord Grey Brougham blamed for the 
crisis Lord Grey's opinion of Brougham A breeze with 
Brougham The Road at its prime Lord Grey in retire- 
ment Overtures to Lord Howick Melbourne's dismissal 
Character of Lord Sefton Visit at Howick At Holland 
House again 272-303 


Creevey as an onlooker Lady Grey at home" Bear " Ellice 
Action against Lord Melbourne Cassiobury Death of 
Charles X 304-316 




Death of Mrs. Fitzherbert and of William IV. The young 
Queen Brighton revisited The Marquess Wellesley 
Dinner with the Duke of Sussex Holkham Lady Charlotte 
Bury's book" Where shall I go next ? " 31 7-336 

INDEX 337 



MRS. CREEVEY ... ... ... ... ... Frontispiece 

From a Picture in the possession of Mrs. Blackett Ord, 
Whitfield, Northumberland 


VISCOUNT CASTLEREAGH ... ... ... ... 42 

From the Picture by SIR THOMAS LAWRENCE, P.R.A., in 
the National Portrait Gallery 

JOSEPH HUME ... ... ... ... ... ... 74 

From the Mezzotint by T. HODGETTS, after J. GRAHAM 


From the Picture by H. WALTON, in the National Portrait 

GEORGE CANNING ... ... ... ... ... 122 

From the Picture by SIR THOMAS LAWRENCE, P.R.A., at 
Christ Church^ Oxford 

JOHN ALLEN ... ... ... ... ... ... 156 

From the Picture by SIR EDWIN LANDSEER, R.A., in the 
National Portrait Gallery 

DANIEL O'CONNELL, M.P. ... ... ... ... 194 

From the Picture by B. MULRENIN, R.H.A., in the 
National Portrait Gallery 

EARL GREY ... ... ... ... ... ... 216 

From the Picture by SIR THOMAS LAWRENCE, P.R.A., in 
the National Portrait Gallery 


From ttie Mezzotint by SAMUEL COUSINS, R.A., after SIR 



LADY HOLLAND... ... ... ... ... 256 

From an Engraving by S. W. REYNOLDS, after C. R. 

VISCOUNT MELBOURNE ... ... ... ... 326 

From the Picture by SIR THOMAS LAWRENCE, P.R.A., in 
the National Portrait Gallery 




THE domestic annals of 1821 are scarcely less painful 
reading than those of 1820, so deeply smirched with 
the abortive proceedings against Queen Caroline. 
The domestic affairs of King George IV. continued 
to be of a nature to bring the monarchy into irrepar- 
able disrepute, the Marchioness Conyngham reigning 
as maitresse-en-titre. Nevertheless, preparations went 
forward on a prodigious scale for celebrating his 
coronation. Parliament voted 243,000 for the pur- 
pose, which, when it is considered in contrast with 
70,000 expended on the coronation of Queen Vic- 
toria, may give rise to curious reflections upon the 
relative value returned to their subjects by the two 
sovereigns. The coronation of George IV. was 
saddened by the last scene in the squalid tragedy of 
Queen Caroline. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" London, January i5th, 1821. 

". . . There is the most infamous newspaper just 
set up that was ever seen in the world by name 



John Bull. Its personal scurrility exceeds by miles 
anything ever written before. In accounting for the 
motives which have influenced the different ladies 
who have called upon the Queen, it states yesterday 
without equivocation, reserve, or by any inuendo, but 

plainly, that Lady T and Lady M B were 

induced to go by threats respecting the criminal inter- 
course that took place between Lady C W 

and a menial servant. You will not be surprised that 
O is furious.* ..." 

1 7th Jan. 

". . . I dined at Taylor's on Monday, and in the 
evening came Ferguson, Rennet, Mrs. G. Lambe, 
Lord Auckland and Brougham. The latter exceeds 
in oddity and queerness anything I ever beheld. 
What the devil he is at I cannot for the life of me 
make out. He is all for moderation, and his constant 
fellow-counsellors are Tierney, Scarlett t and Aber- 
cromby. I favored him with my fixed determination 
how I should act, and if you had heard him try to 
humbug me about the transitory nature of this 
popular ferment, comparing it to the Duke of York's 
case and Mrs. Clarke, you would have snorted out in 
his face. Yesterday, however, brought me a note 
from him, and to-day another to dine with him, and I 
am going accordingly. . . ." 

" I9th Jan. 

"... I dined with Brougham on Wednesday, but 
had not much good of him, as we were not alone. . 
I looked into Brooks's afterwards, and found Scarlett 
there. He was as pompous as be damned about 
publick affairschange of Ministers meeting of 
Parliament, &c., till I frightened him out of his wits 
by announcing to him the certainty of an opposition 
and division on Tuesday next. 

"Yesterday I met Brougham in the streets, and 
had a long walk with him, and found him much im- 
proved in temper all sunshine, in fact. He says he 
never saw any one so improved as the Queen; that 
she really is very entertaining, particularly upon the 

* The names indicated by initials, here and elsewhere, are given 
in full in the original, 
t Created Lord Abinger in 1835. 


subject of her travels. He is to manage a dinner for 
me there at an early date, and at her early hour, 
which is 3. ... Meantime, her establishment is on 
the stocks and is getting on the Duke of Roxburgh 
Grand Chamberlain, a young nobleman of 86, so that 
the breath of scandal can never touch this appoint- 
ment. He is, however, a very excellent old man, and 
a Whig, and is worth at least 50,000 per ann. Poor 
Romilly gained him his estate, and had the highest 
possible opinion of him. The poor old fellow declined 
at first, and indeed now has consented with reluctance. 
I saw his letter to Brougham yesterday upon this 
subject, which was quite as good as any play. It 
seems he married for the first time 5 or 6 years ago, 
and has children. He asks Brougham, therefore, if 
her Majesty is fond of children, and if he may bring 
his little ones from Scotland to present to her; and 
then he says he will only undertake the office of 
Chamberlain upon condition that he (Brougham) will 
be guardian to the Marquis of Beaumont, aged 4 
years and a half the Duke's son. This condition, 
however, is a secret Bruffam affected to be squeamish 
as to accepting this trust, but the job is done. Lord 
Hood is to be another of the Queen's household ; a 
Countess of Roscommon (Irish) is mentioned as one 
of the female staff; Lady Charlotte Lindsay, &c., &c. 
Pray read Lord Holland's letter to the Wiltshire 
meeting ; is not his anxiety for the Queen quite affect- 
ing, after all one knows of my lady's virtuous indigna- 
tion against her? ... I dined with Mrs. Taylor 
yesterday Taylor and Miss Ferguson being engaged 
at Coutts's to celebrate his wedding day. They 
returned in the evening ; Miss Ferguson, from her 
appearance, might have been in a hot bath. They 
sat down to dinner 30 : old Coutts and his bride sitting 
side by side at the top of the table. The Dukes of 
York, Clarence and Sussex were there ; at side-tables 
were placed musicians and songsters; one of the 
latter fraternity from Bath was paid 100 for his trip." 

"21 Jan. 

". . . Sefton and I are going at 12 in his cabriolet 
towards Brandenburgh House, to see the addressers 
and processions to the Queen. Meantime the streets 


are chuck full of people, quite as much as four months 


"Lord Holland came up to me at Brooks's yester- 
day, and reproached me tor never coming near my 
lady ; and, after many civil things in his pretty manner, 
he said I should go and see her with him. So I did, 
and she was all civility and humility. At parting, she 
begg'd I would look in upon her in the evening, and 
I found afterwards she had written to Lord Sefton in 
the morning, begging he would accomplish this great 
boint with me. . . . 

" Apropos of Tierney, a funny thing happened 
about him some time ago at Cashiobury. Decaze 
and Tierney being both dining there, Decaze said 
' If the Opposition came in, what would they do with 
Napoleon? Upon which says old Cole* in her way 
'Why, put him on the throne of France, to be sure ! ' 
Which sentiment was sent off by a special courier to 
old Louis le desire the instant Decaze returned from 
dinner. Old Louis forwarded the frightful intelligence 
to Troppau, where the Emperor Alexander has made 
the regular complaint and remonstrance to Gordon, 
our Minister there, who has returned it duly to the 
Foreign Office. The most comical thing is the 
different ways in which Castlereagh and Tierney take 
it. The former has sent the latter a funny message, 
saying he wishes he would have -no more jokes with 
Decaze about Buonaparte, for that he has played the 
devil at Troppau. But old Cole is frightened out of 
her wits, and talks of nothing else is apprehensive 
the country gentlemen will be out with it in the House 
of Commons, and that it may do the party a serious 
injury. She and Decaze had a meeting yesterday, and 
the latter has agreed if necessary to depose on oath 
that he believes Tierney's observation was only made 
in joke. 

" Holland set off at four this morning for Oxford, 
to help Lord Jersey at his county meeting, f It was 
with the greatest difficulty my lady let him go, and 
he begged me not to mention it before her, as it was 
a very sore subject." 

* Tierney. 

t In support of Queen Caroline. 


" 23rd Jan. 

" Late as it is (being precisely one according to the 
watchman) I must have a word with you before I go 
to bed. I dined, as you know, at Sefton's with 
Brougham, and at J past nine they both pressed me 
to go to Burlington House, which (tho' I had been 
summoned by the circular note) I declined. Before 
they went, however, I pressed upon Brougham the 
absolute necessity of having a vigorous discussion, if 
not division, upon the outrage offered to the H. of 
Commons by the last prorogation without a speech 
from the throne under all the extraordinary circum- 
stances of the case. I pointed out to him how the 
thing ought to be done before the King's Speech was 
entered upon, and finally told him, if the meeting at 
Burlington House did not take this line, Folkestone 
and Western most likely would. It is impossible to 
convey to you a notion of his artificial, disingenuous 
jaw upon this subject, evidently shewing that he was 
for nothing being done. And so off they went, and I 
to Brooks s, where I met Folkestone, who says he 
will take his line, and Western will support him. 

"About i past eleven the party came in, having 
done (as it appears to me) as much mischief as they 
could in so short a time. Nothing to be done to- 
morrow, and Tavistock to move on Friday a censure 
upon Ministers in other words, a motion to turn 
them out, and to supply their places with our own 
people the only motion to do the Ministers the least 
service, as / think, under all their great difficulties. 
This is the more provoking, because Tavistock, from 
the same motive with myself, did not attend this 
meeting, and yet had yielded to the views of some one 
in letting a notice of this motion be given for him. 
Was there ever anything like the inveterate folly of 
this Cole in pursuit of her maze? . . ." 

" 24th Jan. 

". . . As to Folkestone's intended proceedings 
yesterday, they were knocked on the head by the 
discovery of one precedent in the late King's time, 
in which a Parliament had been prorogued without 
a Speech, and by the thanks given in yesterday's 
Speech for the supplies of last year. . . ." 



"Nothing to-day, excepting Wellington's scrape 
last night in calling public meetings < a farce.' * Was 
there ever such a goose to get into such a mess? 
He was pummelled black and blue by Carnarvon, 
Lansdowne and Holland, and had not only to apolo- 
gise himself, but to get Liverpool to do the same for 
him. . . . You never saw a fellow so vicious as Grey, 
but all cordiality and good fellowship between him 
and me. 

" Pray tell me how I am to act upon a point of 
form. I am invited to dine on Sunday week both by 
the Duke of Sussex and the Speaker, and both are 
considered as commands. . . ." 

" 29th Jan. 

". . . Saturday I dined at the Fox Club about 
100 of us, Grandees and Tiers-etat united. We are 
getting very much into the Reform line, I assure you. 
The Duke of Devonshire has declared for Reform : 
Slice} of Gloucester at Holkham ten days ago with 
royal solemnity declared himself a Radical. Yester- 
day I dined at the Duke of Sussex's, having contrived 
through Stephenson to change my day from next Sun- 
day. Lord Thanet took me, and our party were the 
Dukes of Gloucester and Leinster, Lord Fitzwilliam, 
Thanet, Grey, Erskine, Cowper, Albemarle, Bob 
Adair and myself. We had an agreeable day 
enough. Slice kept us waiting three-quarters of an 
hour, but this time was not thrown away. Sussex 
told us in confidence, that the obstacle to the Queen's 
name being restored to the Prayer Book did not 
come from the King, but that he could not tell us 

* The Duke, being taken to task in the House of Lords for 
having, as Lord- Lieutenant of Hampshire, refused to convene a county 
meeting to protest against the proceedings in the matter of the royal 
divorce, replied with characteristic, but injudicious, bluntness that, 
having already presented a petition in favour of the Queen signed 
by 9000 persons in that county, he did not see what good purpose 
could be served by " going through the farce of a county meeting." 
It was an unlucky expression, and was brought up against him on 
numerous occasions for many years. 

t H.R.H. the Duke of Gloucester. 


more; and even for this valuable communication he 
desired not to be quoted. I was surprised to hear 
Lord Grey say that he knew this to be true. 

" Then Sussex entertained us with stories of his 
cousin Olivia of Cumberland, with whom, for fun's 
sake, as he says, he has had various interviews, 
during which she has always pressed upon him, in 
support of her claims, her remarkable likeness to 
the Royal Family. Upon one occasion, being rather 
off her guard from temper or liquor, she smacked off 
her wig all at once, and said ' Why, did you ever in 
your life see such a likeness to yourself?' It seems 
that she lived in the capacity of Pop Lolly to Lord 
Warwick for many of the latter years of her life, and 
it is from some papers of his, and with the assistance 
of others, that she has at length started into the royal 

" Grey and Lambton and Lady Louisa had been 
all at Brandenburg House yesterday morning ; and 
my lord's name was scarcely written by him, before 
the news flew like wildfire to the Queen, and he was 
told she begged to see him. So in he and Lambton 
went, and she seemed to be very much pleased, and 
so was he. So it's all very well better late than 
never. . . . 

" I have two more Royalties to give you, and then 
I have done with the family. At the Levee on Friday, 
the King turned his back upon Prince Leopold in the 
most pointed manner; upon which the said Leopold, 
without any alteration on a muscle of his face, walked 
up to the Duke of York, and in hearing of every one 
near him said ' The King has thought proper at last 
to take his line, and I shall take mine ' and so, with 
becoming German dignity, marched out of the house. 

"You will be affected to hear that the dear 
Duchess of Gloucester is not happy, and that, thp' 
Slice is in politicks a Radical, in domestic life he is 
a tyrant. Some lady called on the Duchess (indeed 
it has happened to two different ladies), and, being 
admitted, was marched up quite to the top of 
the house; where, being arrived out of breath, the 
Duchess apologised with great feeling for the trouble 

* See vol. i. p. 339, note. 


she caused her in bringing her up so far, but that in 
truth it was owing to the cruel manner in which she 
was treated by the Duke that he had taken it into 
his head that the suite of rooms on the drawing-room 
floor were not kept in sufficiently nice order, and on 
that account he had them locked up, and kept the 
keys himself. ... It is no wonder that the King 
treated Slice the last time he was at Court with the 
same sauce he did Leopold. The Radical has de- 
clared he will never go again. 

" Before dinner, we had some conversation upon 
the old story whether Francis was Junius, Grey and 
Erskine both expressing their most perfect con- 
viction that he was. Erskine mentioned a curious 
thing, which was confirmed by Lord Thanet. It 
seems they were both dining with Lady Francis, 
since Sir Philip's death, when Erskine asked her if 
Francis ever told her, or whether she ever collected 
from his conversation, that he was the author of 
Junius. To which she answered that he had never 
mentioned the subject, and that the only allusion to 
it was in a book. So she went out of the room, and 
brought back the little book ' Junius Identified,' and 
in the title page was written ' Francis/ and, signed 
with his name ' I leave this book as a legacy to my 
dear wife.' This I think, considering he never would 
touch the subject or the book of ' Junius Identified/ 
affords an additional strong presumption it was he. 

" Erskine was to the last degree ridiculous at 
dinner. Upon Warren's name being mentioned, he 
said he certainly could not be called a ' free Warren/ 
and then added ' indeed rabbits were hole-and-corner 
men, and who could say they were not ? ' 

" Upon some objections being taken to Erskine's 
wig at dinner, he said it had been made for Coutts, 
and that Mrs. Coutts had been kind enough to give it 
to him ; and then he pulled it off, when, to all our 
great surprise, tho' bald, he looked so beautiful and 
young he might have been 35 or 40 years of age at 
most* He was so impressed with our compliments 
that he has promised to abandon wigs altogether 
when warm weather comes. 

* Erskine was then seventy-one. 


" Slice, who I had never met before, and who, you 
know, is a proverbial bore, behaved very well and 
modestly, which of course was owing to his being 
only second fiddle ; but I assure you the two cousins 
made a very good exhibition of Royalty, both in 
propriety and agreeableness. 

" Thanet brought me back first to Lady Jersey's, 
but she was not ready to receive her company, so 
we came to Brooks's. Then Cowper took me to 
Lady Holland's, where her ladyship looked as forlorn 
and discontented as ever she could look. She was in 
state, with Henry * at her feet few men no ladies, 
and the whole concern to the greatest degree sombre. 
Her great aversion at present is Lady Jersey, as 
taking her company from her, which I don't wonder 
at, as Cowper and I soon went there, and found a 
very merry party, cracking their jokes about a round 
table. Lady Jersey herself is a host, and then there 
were Brougham, Grey, Lambton, Lord Jersey, Dun- 
cannon, Lord and Lady Ossulston, Lady Sefton, Lord 
A. Hamilton, Cowper and myself: so it was all very 
well. My lady was all ' mug ' to me about my farce 
on Friday,! and at parting desired me to lose no time 
in firing into them again. 

" It has given me great pleasure to see Sir Lowry 
Cole's name stand next to mine in the list of the 
division. To some one W 7 ho talked to him whilst we 
were dividing, he said he never had but one opinion 
as to the impropriety of striking the Queen's name 
out of the Liturgy, and he was glad the time was 
come when he could express his opinion by his vote. 
Upon my word, the gentlemanly conduct of these 
soldiers Lord Howard and Sir Lowry Cole both 
dependent to a great degree upon the Crown, is quite 
touching. They leave your independent squires a 
hundred miles behind them. ... Of publick affairs 

* Lord Holland. 

t A speech on going into Committee of Supply, of which Creevey 
says in another letter " This little sortie was, I assure you, rather 
well done, and eminently useful in a very crowded House. ' Mouldy ' 
[Mr. Vansittart, Chancellor of the Exchequer, afterwards Lord 
Bexley] made an attempt to punish me, but was instantly smothered 
in universal derision." 


there is nothing new. If the people keep up their 
feelings, and the expression of them as strongly as 
ever, on the subject of the Queen's exclusion from the 
Liturgy, the Government and their followers are no 
better off, and in truth much worse than before they 
waded so triumphantly thro' the dirt on Friday. 1 
keep to my creed that this blackguard, foolish war 
with the Queen will eventually ruin the Ministers 
and produce some great change in the House of 

" Brooks's, soth Jan., 1821. 

". . . I dined at Sefton's yesterday Lord Grey, 
Lady Louisa and Lambton and Mr. and Mrs. Bruff- 
ham. . . . Grey is so keen with me about giving 
Brother Bragge * a dust about accepting his office and 
not vacating his seat, that I must, I believe, accom- 
modate him. . . . When, at dinner, I described old 
Cole's attempt at crimping me into the Doctor's 
campt in 1803, assisted by those distinguished states- 
men Porter and Brogden, he grinned most profusely, 
saying' God forgive me ! as Lord King says, but I 
can't help liking him.'" 

" Brooks's, 2nd Feby. 

"... I have just discharged my duty to my native 
town [Liverpool] in seconding their petition. I rather 
think I never did anything so well. I spoke for about 
20 minutes; the House was as mute as mice, and 
Castlereagh as grave as a judge at all I said. After 
dwelling upon the villainy of Castlereagh's new law 
of a 3rd reading of a Bill of Pains and Penalties in 
the Lords making a moral conviction of the defendant, 
coupled with all the enormous abuse that was nightly 
discharged upon her by his friends, I stated the utter 
impossibility of her taking the money from Castle- 
reagh and his House. . . . 

* The Right Hon. Charles Bragge Bathurst, cousin of Lord 
Bathurst, Secretary of State for War and the Colonies. Bragge 
Bathurst had been brought into the Cabinet as President of the Board 
of Control and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. 

t Tierney's attempt to enlist Creevey in support of Addington. 
[See vol. i. p. 22."] 


On 5th February Brougham redeemed his pledge 
to testify publicly on his honour to his belief in the 
innocence of Queen Caroline. He concluded as 
follows a speech on Lord Tavistock's motion of want 
of confidence in Ministers because of their conduct of 
the proceedings against the Queen : " It is necessary, 
Sir, for me, with the seriousness and sincerity which 
it may be permitted to a man upon the most solemn 
occasions to express, to assert what I now do assert 
in the face of this House, that if, instead of an 
advocate, I had been sitting as a judge at another 
tribunal, I should have been found among the number 
of those who, laying their hands upon their hearts, 
conscientiously pronounced her Majesty ' Not Guilty.' 
For the truth of this assertion I desire to tender 
every pledge that may be most valued and most 
sacred. I wish to make it in every form which may 
be deemed most solemn and most binding; and if I 
believe it not as I now advance it, I here imprecate on 
myself every curse which is most horrid and most 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Brooks's, 6th Feb. 

". . . On Sunday morning our grandees, or some 
of them, had a meeting upstairs here to consider the 
practicability of making a provision for the Queen by 
raising from 200,000 to 300,000 by subscription. 
You will easily imagine I had no business there,* 
but Sefton and Lord Thanet sent Lambton to bring 
me there by force, so I heard what passed, and such 
a game chicken as Fitzwilliam I never beheld. Let 
me do justice, too, to Alec Baring, who smoothed 
away the least suggestion of any difficulty ; and, in 
short, it was decided in two minutes to do the thing. 

* Seeing that he was such a poor man. 


Old Fitzwilliam went off directly to the Duke of 
Devonshire, who is quite as eager to start as the rest, 
provided it is not done till the H. of Commons shall 
have decided this day week, on Smith's motion, not 
to restore the Queen s name to the Liturgy. Then 
a kind of State paper is to come out from our people, 
shewing the absolute impossibility of the Queen, 
situated as she is, accepting the provision from the 
Crown and Parliament, and proposing their plan, with 
the names annexed to it, of making a voluntary pro- 
vision ; and no one seems to entertain a doubt of the 
success of the measure. . . . 

"Never was there such an exhibition as that of 
yesterday by the defenders of the Ministers. Brother 
bragge could scarcely be heard, in which he was 
highly judicious ; Bankes might have been hired for 
Mackintosh to flog ; Peel was as feeble as be damned, 
and the daring, dramatic Horace Twiss made his 
first, and probably his last appearance on the stage.* 
On the other hand, I am sorry to say that Tavistock 
was infinitely below himself. . . . Lambton's was a 
very pretty, natural and ornamental speech, delivered 
with singular grace and discretion, and a beautiful 
voice withal. But old ' Praise God ' Milton in a short 
speech handled a couple of points in a much more 
powerful manner than anything Lambton did. . . . 
Nothing but the general and overpowering distress 
can keep the country steady to the Queen against the 
Court Ministers. ... It is said that the appointment 
of Sir Lowry Cole to be governor of Sheerness was 
made out, and immediately cancelled after his vote 
on Friday, and that it is now given to Lord Comber- 
mere.f . . ." 

I * This was a singularly bad prophecy. Twiss, who entered Par- 
liament in 1820, made a fine appearance in the debate on Roman 
Catholic disabilities on 23rd March, 1821, and vigorously opposed the 
Reform Bill. Lord Campbell describes him as " the impersonation 
of a debating society rhetorician," and adds, " Though inexhaustibly 
fluent, his manner certainly was very flippant, factitious, and un- 
businesslike." Macaulay remarks that, when the Reform Bill passed 
a second reading, " the face of Twiss was as the face of a damned 

t Cole was appointed Governor of Mauritius in 1823. 


;th Feb. 

"... I confess I had no notion such a majority 
could have been found to give a direct negative to 
the allegation that the late proceedings had been 
' derogatory from the dignity of the Crown and in- 
jurious to the best wishes of the People.' . . . The 
last half of Brougham's speech was quite inimitable. 
He made the declaration he formerly told me he 
would, as to his perfect conviction of the Queen's 
innocence, and he did it in a manner so solemn, and, if 
I may say so, so magnificent, that it was met with 
the loudest and almost universal cheers." 

"Feb. nth. 

"... I was at Brougham's by half-past two, and 
found Craven waiting. As soon as Brougham was 
ready, we set off to pick up Mrs. Darner, who was to 
dine also with the Queen. And here let me stop to 
express my admiration for this extraordinary person. 
You know she is Field Marshal Conway's daughter, 
cousin of Lord Hertford, &c., &c. She is the person 
who paid all her husband's debts, without the least 
obligation upon her so to do, and she is the person 
who renounced all claim to half of Lord Clinton's 
estate when she was informed that by law she was 
entitled to it. She is 70 years of age, and as fresh as 
if she was 50. ... Well when we reached Branden- 
burg House, we were ushered up a very indifferent 
staircase and through an ante-room into a very hand- 
some, well-proportioned room from 40 to 50 feet 
long, very lofty, with a fine coved ceiling, painted 
with gods and goddesses in their very best clothes. 
The room looks upon the Thames, and is not a 
hundred yards from it. Upon our entrance, the Queen 
came directly to Mrs. Darner, then to Brougham, and 
then to me. I am not sure whether I did not commit 
the outrage of putting out my hand without her doing 
the same first ; be it as it may, however, we did shake 
hands. She then asked me if I had not forgotten her, 
and I can't help thinking she considered my visit as 
somewhat late, or otherwise she would have said 
something civil about my uniform support. She is 


not much altered in face or figure, but very much in 
manner. She is much more stately and much more 
agreeable. She was occasionally very grave. . . . 
She took me aside twice after dinner, and talked to 
me of her situation. She is evidently uneasy about 
money. . . . She mentioned no women, but the Duke 
of Wellington did not escape an observation from 
her, as to the surprise it occasioned in her that he 
should be so violent against her. ... A curious thing 
happened at dinner. . . . Craven, who turns out to 
be a wag, with all his propriety, was alluding to that 
celebrated ball or fete where the Queen was the 
Genius of History. It seems the whole of this fete 
was got up by a Duke of Caparo; every character 
was prescribed by him, and both the Queen and 
Craven laughed heartily at the recollection that, the 
Genius of History being to enter preceded by Fame, 
when the time for their appearance arrived, Fame's 
trumpet could not be found, and the performance was 
stopped for some time, till Fame was obliged to put 
up with a horn of one of the Duke of Caparo's 
keepers. . . . 

"Our company of ladies was Mme. Olde and 
Mme. Felice. . . . Mme. Felice is a very, very little 
woman, with one of the prettiest faces I ever saw. I 
should think she was not much older than 20, though 
she has been married 5 years. As we went down to 
dinner, Craven handed the Queen, Brougham Mrs. 
Damer ; Mme. Felice, who was leaning on the arm of 
a foreigner, seeing me unprovided for came in the 
most natural, laughing manner, and put her arm 
thro' mine. ... Of men, the principal was the 
Marquis of Antalda, a great proprietor in Pessaro 
and Bologna ... a person of great consideration in 
his own country, a man of letters, and as agreeable a 
man as you will find anywhere. . . . There might be 
six or seven other men, and nothing could be more 
decorous or more courtlike than they all were in 
their manner to the Queen. . . . We came away 
before eight. . . . There is a capital picture by 
Hoppner of Berkeley and Keppel Craven. The only 
picture belonging to her Majesty is one of Alderman 
Wood without a frame." 


" Brooks's, 1 4th Feb. 

". . . Our folks are to meet presently about the 
Queen's subscription. Unfortunately Fitzwilliam is 
out of town, but Milton is now by my side." 

"4 o'clock. 

" The meeting is over : very thinly attended, and 
things looking damned ill and black." 

"Brooks's, 16 Feb. 

". . . You never saw such a change in any person 
as in Brougham. He is involved in the deepest 
thought, and apparently chagrin. He never comes 
near Sefton, as was his daily custom, nor can we con- 
jecture what he is about. I think his false step about 
the Queen in advising her to refuse the money must 
surely have something to do with it. He seems most 
wretched. Grey and Lambton and Lady Louisa, &c., 
&c., are to dine with the Queen to-morrow. . . ." 

"24th Feb. 

". . . The Queen has bought Cambridge House 
in South Audley Street. . . . Thanet and Sefton 
advanced the deposit money, 3000, this morning. I 
am afraid you don't see the Times, otherwise you 
would read in it Holland's apology for having said in 
his speech in the House of Lords that the Emperor of 
Russia was concern'd in his father's death. Lady 
Holland has never slept since ; Madame Lieven 
declines all further intercourse with the Hollands, 
and, in short, the contemptible statement in the 
Times, tho' anonymous, is from Holland himself, and 
made as his peace offering to the Emperor of all the 
Russias,* the Lievens and the Princess of Mada- 
gascar." t 

* The use of this clumsy paraphrase of the Czar's title is, of course, 
very common in British parlance, but is none the less a barbarism. 
The meaning of the term in Russian is " the all- Russian Emperor," 
in the same sense that one uses the terms " Pan-Germanic," " Pan- 
Anglican/' c. 

t In Lady Caroline Lamb's novel Glenarvon t Lady Holland was 
presented as the " Princess of Madagascar." 


Henry Brougham, M.P. y to Mr. Creevey. 

"London, 19 July, 1821. 


" This town is in a state of general lunacy 
beginning most certainly with the Illustrious Person 
on the throne. Geo. 3. was an ill used man to be shut 
up for 10 years. His son has slept none, I believe, 
since you left town ; nor will, till it is over. Yesterday 
he went for near 3 hours to Buckingham House, 
where Lawrence was painting Lady Conynghame. 
He then came back and had another row with his 
ministers, having been all Saturday and half of Sunday 
in a squabble with them ; and, soon after he was 
housed, there drove along the Mall furiously a carriage 
and four, which was followed by my informant and 
found to contain old Wellesley in person. He was 
actually traced into Carlton House by the back door. 
You may make what you please of this,* but the fact 
is undoubted, as Duncannon and Calcraft were the 
persons who saw him. 

" To-day the Q.'s being allowed to enter the Abbey 
is doubted . . . but I still think it possible the Big 
Man may have gout and not be up to it.f 

" Yours, 
"H. B." 

"2oth July. 

". . . The paroxysm rather encreases than diminishes, 
and literally extends to all classes. There never was 
a more humbling sight in this world. The Ministers 
are still sitting and squabbling; nor have they to this 
hour (5) made up their minds whether to stop her or 
not. My belief is they will let her pass, and also 
admit her at the Abbey if she persists. She is quite 
resolved to do so, and comes to sleep at Cambridge 
House for the purpose. But she is sure to blunder 
about the hour, and to give them excuses for turning 

* The inference was that the Cabinet was jibbing about the 
Queen's exclusion, and that the King contemplated laying his 
commands on Wellesley to form an administration. 

t The Coronation. 


her back by being late. . . . We [Brougham and Den- 
man] thought at one time she meant to command 
our attendance, which we had resolved, of course, to 
refuse, as no more in our department than going to 
Astley's ; but she did not venture. She has turned 
off the poor Chaplain Fellowes, who wrote all the 
balderdash answers, to make room for Wood's son ; 
but the Alderman has failed in an attempt to turn off 
Hieronymus, the Major-domo, in order to put some 
friend of his in the place. Dr. Parr has written a 
vehement letter to advise against her going, and 
certainly this is the prevailing opinion among her 
friends. I suppose I must be wrong, but I still can- 
not see it in the same light ; and of this I am quite 
sure, that she would have been quite as much blamed 
had she stayed away. It is also certain that nothing 
short of a quarrel and resigning would have stopped 
her : perhaps not even that ; . . . but to take such a 
step, one ought to have been much more positive 
against the measure than I have ever been from the 

" Thursday. 

"The Qn. (as I found on going to her house 
at 20 minutes before six this morning) started at a 
(quarter past five, and drove down Constitution Hill 
in the mulberry Lady A[nne] H[amilton] and Lady 
Hood sitting opposite. Hesse (in uniform) and Lord 
H[ood] in another carriage went before. I followed 
on foot and found she had swept the crowd after her : 
it was very great, even at that hour. She passed thro' 
Storey's Gate, and then round Dean's Yard, where she 
was separated from the crowd by the gates being 
closed. The refusal was peremptory at all the doors 
of the Abbey when she tried, and one was banged in 
her face. . . . She was saluted by all the soldiery, and 
even the people in the seats, who had paid 10 and 5 
guineas down, and might be expected to hiss most 
at the untimely interruption, hissed very little and 
applauded loudly in most places. In some they were 
silent, but the applause and waving handkerchiefs 
prevailed. I speak from hearsay of various persons 
of different parties, having been obliged to leave 



it speedily, being recognised and threatened with 

"About J past six [A.M.] she had finished her 
walks and calls at the doors, and got into the carriage 
to return. She came by Whitehall, Pall Mall and 
Piccadilly. The crowd in the Broad Street of White- 
hall was immense (the barriers being across Parlt. St. 
and King St.). All, or nearly all followed her and 
risked losing their places. They crammed Cpckspur 
Street and Pall Mall, &c., hooting and cursing the 
King and his friends, and huzzaing her. A vast multi- 
tude followed her home, and then broke windows. 
But they soon (in two or three hours) dispersed or 
went back. 

" I had just got home and she sent for me, so I 
went and breakfasted with her, and am now going to 
dine, which makes me break off; but I must add that 
the King was not well received at all silence in many 
places, and a mixture of hisses and groans in others. 
However, there were some bounds kept with him. 
For Wood and Waithman a division of hissing and 
shouting for the Atty. and Solr. Gen. an unmixed 
hissing of the loudest kind. This verdict is really of 
some moment, when you consider that the jury was 
very much a special, if not a packed, one. The general 
feeling, even of her own partisans, was very much 
agt. her' going; but far more agt. their behaviour to 
her. I still can't see it in that light ; and as she will 
go quietly back to B[randenburg] House,* avoiding 
all mob most carefully, she gains more than she loses, 
and I think her very lucky in being excluded. They 
put it on not being at liberty to recognise her or any 
one, except as ticket-bearers. Lord H[ood] shewed 
me one which they said of course would pass any one 
of the party, but she refused to go in except as Q. 
and without a ticket. The one Lord H. shewed me 
was the Beau's,t and I have it as a memorial of the 
business. . . ." 

Brougham now made plans to rouse the North 
in the Queen's favour, though he appears to have 

11 She had come to Cambridge House for the Coronation. 
t The Duke of Wellington's, 


opposed Her Majesty going there in person. His 
plans, here characteristically sketched in a letter to 
Creevey, were never carried into effect, death inter- 
vening mercifully to remove Queen Caroline from 
the troubled scene the scene which her continued 
presence could only have rendered still more troubled. 
The appalling severity of the remedies administered 
can scarcely have failed to accelerate her release. 

Henry Brougham, M.P., to Mr. Creevey (at Cantley *). 

"26th July. 

" The Queen certainly goes to Scotland. . . . 
I should not wonder if she were to go thro' the 
manufacturing districts. Possibly Birmingham (where 
the K. refused to go) may be in her way. It is on 
the cards that she should be found in the W. Riding 
and in Lancashire. For aught I know H. M. may then 
pass across towards Durham and Newcastle. Indeed 
the great towns are peculiarly interesting to a person 
of her contemplative cast. One whose mind is im- 
proved by foreign travel naturally loves tracts of 
country where the population is much crowded, and 
it is worthy of H. M.'s enlightened mind to patronise 
the ingenuous artizan. The coal trade, too, is highly 
interesting. I only hope she may not call at Howick 
on her way. . . . The time of her setting out is not 
fixed, depending naturally upon her beloved husband's 
motions. . . . The Chamberlain's place is not yet given 
away. The Ministers are believed to have resolved 
to bear this no longer, and to have agreed on a remon- 
strance to the K. about the Green Ribbons, t He will, 
of course, say something civil that means little make 
some promise that means less let them name to one 
place, name to the other himself and so settle matters 
as to enable him to go over to Ireland. . . . The Queen 

* Michael Angelo Taylor's place in Yorkshire, 
f The King had been creating Knights of the Thistle without 
taking the advice of his Ministers. 


has lost incalculably by getting out of her carnage 
and tramping about ; going and being refused, and 
damaging the Coronation, was all very well, but the 
way of doing it was very bad. . . ." 

" 28th July. 

" The Chamberlain not yet given away, and there 
seems an idea of Wellesley. I heartily wish the 
present state of squabble between the K. and his 
Ministers was over, and he and Ly. C[onyngham] no 
longer civil to the Whigs. There is no chance of its 
bringing about any change, but the risk is frightful 
I mean of any change operated by suck means. His 
dining with the Beau* to-morrow, and the whole 
Ministers dining with him [the King] to-day, looks 
like matters being settled between them. At the 
Levee yesterday he was particularly rude to Hesse ; 
so was he to the Lord Mayor at the Coronation. . . . 
I have not seen her [the Queen], but I shall to-night, 
and certainly shall throw cold water on the northern 
expedition. . . . 

H. B." 

Viscount Hood (Lord Chamberlain to Queen 
Caroline) to Henry Brougham, M.P. 

"21 July, 1821, Brandenburgh House. 

". . . Her Majesty has commanded me to say 
she intends visiting Scotland, but I have not as yet 
heard the time fixed. ." 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Cantley, Aug. 8. 

". . . Brougham was here for a very short time on 
Sunday night, having left London at six on Saturday 
evening, travelled all night, and being obliged to go 
to York that night (40 miles), so as to be ready for 
the assizes in the morning. ... As to his Royal 

* The Duke of Wellington. 

i82i.] THE QUEEN'S DEATH. 21 

Mistress, his account was most curious. On Friday 
last she lost sixty-four ounces of blood ; took first of 
all 15 grains of calomel, which they think she threw 
up again in the whole or in part ; and then she took 
40 grains more of calomel which she kept entirely in 
her stomach ; add to this a quantity of castor oil that 
would have turned the stomach of a horse. Never- 
theless, on Friday night the inflammation had subsided, 
tho' not the obstruction on the liver. 

" Her will and certain deeds had been got all ready 
by Friday night according to her own instructions. 
Brougham asked her if it was her pleasure then to 
execute them ; to which she said ' Yes, Mr. Brougham ; 
where is Mr. Denman ? ' in the tone of voice of a person 
in perfect health. Denman then opened the curtain of 
her bed, there being likewise Lushington, Wilde and 
two Proctors from the Commons. The will and papers 
being read to her, she put her hand out of bed, and 
signed her name four different times in the steadiest 
manner possible. In doing so she said with great 
firmness ' I am going to die, Mr. Brougham ; but it 
does not signify.' Brougham said ' Your Majesty's 
physicians are quite of a different opinion.' ' Ah,' she 
said, ' I know better than them. I tell you I shall die, 
but I don't mind it.' . 

Viscount Hood to Henry Brougham, M.P. 

" Brandenburgh House, 8th Aug., 1821. 

". . . The melancholy event took place at 25 
minutes past 10 o'clock last night, when our dear 
Queen breathed her last. Her Majesty has quitted a 
scene of uninterrupted persecution, and for herself I 
think her death is not to be regretted. . . . She died 
in peace with all her enemies. Je ne mourrai sans 
douleur, mais je mourrai sans regret was frequently 
expressed by her Majesty. I never beheld a firmer 
mind, or any one with less feelings at the thought of 
dying, which she spoke of without the least agitation, 
and at different periods of her illness, even to very 
few hours of her dissolution, arranged her worldly 
concerns. . 


Mr. Wilde to Henry Brougham, M.P. 

" Guildford, 8th Aug., 1821. 

". . . Lushington and myself this morning saw 
Lord Liverpool and gave copies of the will and codicils. 
Government take charge of the funeral, which they 
intend shall be a private one. Lord Liverpool referred 
me to Lord Melville, who we saw, and he will im- 
mediately order a squadron, which will be ready in a 
week. The body is to be embarked at Harwich and 
landed at Cuxhaven. . . . Lushington is married this 
morning; and has left London, to return on Friday. . . ." 

Dr. Lushington to Henry Brougham, M.P. 

" Carlton, near Newmarket, 9 Aug., 1821. 
" MY DEAR B., 

". . . I arrived just before 4 on Tuesday, and 
the Queen immediately desired to see me. . . . Baillie 
soon after assured me she was dying, but that the 
event would not take place for some hours. I went 
away for a short time, and then remained in the room 
till death closed the scene. . . . On her death happen- 
ing, Wilde and myself secured all the repositories as 
well as we could. This occupied us till between 2 and 
3 in the morning. . . . My situation was truly painful. 
You know I was to be married that very morning- 
Wednesday. I could not, for various reasons, post- 
pone it ; so, having taken 2 hours rest, I went to 
Hampstead, was married, and immediately returned 
to town. I had, on the death taking place, sent an 
express to Lord Liverpool. He came to town. I saw 
him with Wilde. He behaved extremely well said 
Government would defray the expense of the funeral, 
and that he issued orders from the Chamberlain's 
office. He readily assented that the body should not 
be opened, and that the funeral should take place at 
Brunswick. By his desire I went over to Lord 
Melville, and he arranged that two frigates should 
be sent to Harwich and convey it to Cuxhaven. . . ," 


Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Cantley, Aug. u. 

". . . The death of this poor woman under all its 
circumstances is a most striking event and gave me an 
infernal lump in my throat most part of Thursday. . . . 
Nothing in my mind could be so calculated to injure 
this poor woman as the extraordinary overture made 
by Brougham to the Government in 1819. It seems 
that, at his request or by his direction, the Queen 
came from Italy to Lyons in the autumn of that 
year for the sole purpose of meeting Brougham there, 
to consult with him upon her situation ; but, forsooth, 
1 he could not go he was busy.' This is all the excuse 
he makes for himself, and then he seems to think it 
odd she was very angry at this disappointment. He 
admits, likewise, that on this occasion she became 
very ill. So he was to have gone to her at Milan in 
the Easter of 1820, as you know he told me, when 
he asked me to go with him. . . . But he never 
mentioned having so lately brought the poor woman 
to Lyons for nothing. When I recall to mind how 
often, during our journey to Middleton at that time,* 
he spoke of the Whig candidates for office with the 
most sovereign contempt how he hinted at his own 
intercourse with the Crown and Ministers, and con- 
veyed to me the impression that he thought himself 
more likely to be sent for to make a Ministry than 
any one else how clear it is that the accomplishment 
of this divorce was to be the ways and means by 
which his purposes were to be effected, f . . . There 

* See vol. i. p. 295. 

t Mr. Creevey was not singular in his suspicion of Brougham. 
Writing on i2th April, 1821, J. W. Croker observes : " Brougham, it is 
said, grossly has sold the Queen. There is no doubt that he has with- 
drawn himself a good deal from her, and I believe has been for some time 
in underground communication with Carlton House." Again on April 
22nd : " Brougham and Denman sworn in the day before yesterday 
as Attorney- and Solicitor-General to the Queen. Brougham, I hear, 
wished to secure the profits without the inconveniences of the appoint- 
ment, and offered not to assume it if Government would give him a 
patent of precedence, but the Chancellor refused *\The Croker Papers, 
i. 172-3]. 


is one subject which gives me some uneasiness in 
the making of her will, the Queen wished to leave 
some diamonds to Victorine, the child of Bergami, of 
whom she was so fond. This was not liked by 
Brougham and her other lawyers, so the bequest 
does not appear in the will ; but the jewels are never- 
theless to be conveyed to Victorine. This, you know, 
is most delicate matter to be employed on her death- 
bed in sending her jewels from Lady Anne Hamilton 
and Lady Hood to Bergami's child appears to me 
truly alarming. I mean, should it be known, and one 
is sure it will be so, for Taylor had a letter from 
Denison last night mentioning such a report, and 
being quite horrified at it. On the other hand, when 
I expressed the same sentiment to Brougham, he 
thought nothing of it. His creed is that she was a 
child-fancier: that Bergami's elevation was all owing 
to her attachment to Victorine, and he says his con- 
viction is strengthened every day of her entire inno- 
cence as to Bergami. This, from Brougham, is a 
great deal, because I think it is not going too far to 
say that he absolutely hated her ; nor do I think her 
love for her Attorney General was very great." 

Henry Brougham, M.P., to Mr. Creevey. 

"Aug. 14, 1821. 

"I have seen Lushington and Wilde re- 
peatedly. They are at this moment in negociation 
with the Govt. ; or rather throwing up all concern 
with the funeral on account of this indecent hurry. 
Their ground is a clear one : they won't take charge 
of it from Stade the port in Hanover to Brunswick 
without knowing that arrangements are ready to 
receive them. . . . The Govt., only wishing the speedy 
embarkation, as they avow, for the sake of not delaying 
the dinner at Dublin, insist on getting it on board as 
quick as possible, and don't mind what happens after- 
wards. ... I shall, I think, be satisfied with going to 
Harwich with it, and not go, as I had intended, to 


Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Cantley, Aug. i8th. 

". . . Here is Brougham again. He has been at 
Harwich, where he saw the body of the Queen 
embarked about 3 o'clock on Thursday; and then 
immediately came across the country, and, after 
travelling all night, got here to dinner yesterday, and 
proceeds to Durham to-night to join the circuit there. 
I wish very much I had been at Harwich : according 
to Brougham's account it must have been the most 
touching spectacle that can be imagined the day 
magnificently beautiful the sea as smooth as glass 
our ofBcers by land and sea all full dressed soldiers 
and sailors all behaving themselves with the most 
touching solemnity the yards of the four ships of 
war all manned the Royal Standard drooping over 
the coffin and the Queen's attendants in the centre boat 
every officer with his hat off the whole time minute 
guns firing from the ships and shore, and thousands 
of people on the beach sobbing put aloud. ... It was 
as it should be and the only thing that was so during 
the six and twenty years' connection of this unhappy 
woman with this country. . . . The Queen appointed 
as executors of her will Bagot,* the Minister of this 
country to America, and Lord Clarendon, and she left 
them all her papers sealed up. The other day Lord 
Jersey received a letter from Lord Clarendon begging 
him to come to him, which he did. He [Lord Claren- 
don] then told him that he was going as executor to 
open his [Lord Jersey's] mother's papers.t The seal 
was then taken off, and letters from the Monarch to 
his former sweetheart caught Jersey's eye in great 
abundance. Lord Clarendon then proceeded to put 
them all in the fire, saying he had merely wished Lord 
Jersey to be present at their destruction, and as a 
witness that they had never been seen by any one. 
Very genteel, this, on Lord Clarendon's part to the 

* Rt. Hon. Sir Charles Bagot. 

t Frances, wife of the 4th Earl of Jersey. Her relations with the 
Prince of Wales (afterwards George IV.) were notorious. She died 
25th July, 1821. 


living Monarch and memory of his mistress, but 
damned provoking to think that such capital materials 
for the instruction and improvement of men and 
womankind should be eternally lost ! Let me add to 
the honor of Jersey, and indeed of his wife (for it was 
her money, not his), that he had raised his mother's 
jointure from 1100 per ann. to 3500, and that he has 
paid at different times 6000 and 2000 in discharge 
of her debts. . . . 

"And now what do you think Brougham said to 
me not an hour ago ? that if he had gone with the 
Queen's body to Brunswick, it would have been going 
too far it would have been over-acting his part ; ' it 
being very well known that through the whole of this 
business he had never been very much for the Queen ! ' 
Now upon my soul, this is quite true, and, being so, 
did you ever know anything at all to equal it ? 

"Brougham showed me a letter he has received 
from Pauline,* from Italy, requiring his influence with 
the Government to obtain permission for her to go 
out to St. Helena to her brother Bonaparte. It 
encloses a variety of medical and other reports, stating 
his rapidly declining health, and that she wishes to 
go out to him with all possible dispatch. Apropos 
to this subject, Brougham and Lord Roslyn called on 
Wilson t one day this week, and found Bertrand and 
Montholon with him. . . . There are two fellows in 
London from Talleyrand to negociate Bonaparte's 
Memoires from them. This is believed to be their 
object, and Lady Holland writes from Paris that 
Talleyrand is cursedly alarmed about these said 


"Cantley, 2;th August, 1821. 

". . . Lauderdale (who is here) tells me that when 
the Ministers have any papers for the King to sign, 
they write a letter to Bloomfield begging him to get 
the King's signature, and Bloomfield again has to 
solicit Du Pacjuier, the King's valet, to seize a favor- 
able opportunity . . . but that, after all, the operation 
is the most difficult possible to get accomplished. 

* Napoleon's second sister, the Princess Borghese. 
t Sir Robert Wilson. 


" The different opinions Lauderdale and I have of 
late entertained makes no difference in his manner to 
me. There is not an atom of anything artificial in 
him, and he sat down to dinner yesterday with us four 
in his green ribbon, just as he did with us at Brussells. 
Apropos to his green ribbon : he told us that the day 
the King gave it him, and almost immediately after, he 
attended an appointment he had with Lord Bathurst 
. . . so he took that opportunity of saying: 'His 
Majesty, my lord, has just forced upon me the Knight- 
hood of the Thistle.'' How?' replied Lord Bathurst 
with the greatest surprise, 'who has made the vacancy?' 
' I don't know anything about that,' says Lauderdale, 
'but all I do know is that the King has just made four 
of us ! ' . . . Then again, Lauderdale says when the 
King knighted these four so unexpectedly to them 
all, Melville, who was one, said : ' Has your Majesty 
mentioned it to Lord Liverpool?' 'Not a word of it, 
my good lord,' says old Prinney, ' it is not the least 
necessary, I assure you.' To you and me, this was 
very pretty humor, I think, and if Prinney never did 
anything worse, I, for one, would most willingly 
forgive him.* . . . 

"Now for another of Lauderdale's stories. You 
know his connection with the Duke of York and all 
about him. He was executor, it seems, to the Duchess ; 
so, before the poor woman was buried, the Minister 
from the Elector of Hesse requested an audience of 
Lauderdale, the object of which was to say that, as the 
Duke no doubt would marry again, he had thought it 
his duty to mention that the Elector, his master, had 
a daughter whom he thought well qualified to be the 
Duke's second wife, and, well-knowing Lauderdale's 
great influence with the Duke, he had judged it right 
to make this early application to him. About a week 
after the Duchess's funeral, Lauderdale mentioned this 
to the Duke, who immediately said : 'This is the second 
application to me, for the King has communicated to 
the his wishes that I should marry again ; but my mind 

* It was, of course, contrary to constitutional custom j because, 
albeit the Sovereign is the Fountain of Honour, Ministers are the 
recognised channels through which such honours flow ; and such 
channels do not usually serve to irrigate the Opposition. 


is quite made up to do no such thing, and so I have 
given the King to understand.' 

" Not so, however, our dear Prinney. His mind 
is clearly made up, according to Lauderdale, to have 
another wife, and all his family are of that opinion. 
He goes straight for Hanover and Vienna after his 
Irish trip, so probably he will pick up something 
before his return at Xmas. . . ." 

" Cantley, Sept. 3rd. 

". . . Lauderdale left us on Wednesday. Mrs. 
Taylor and myself had each of us a good deal of 
conversation with him separately about Brougham. 
To me, he avowed his old opinion as to Brougham's 
insanity, and renewed his old question whether ' I 
had any doubt' on the subject. He told me all that 
Brougham himself had told me as to him (B.) being 
the first person to propose the divorce, and he added 
.that Lord Hutchinson had no more to do with the 
concern than he, Lauderdale, had that Brougham 
persuaded him [Lord Hutchinson] to go over to St. 
Omer's merely as a friend, and then decoyed him into 
making the proposal, upon the ground that the Queen 
would suspect any proposition that came from him B. 
. . . I said to Lauderdale 'How could Hutchinson 
under such circumstances practice the forbearance he 
did?' ' Because,' said L., 'he must have fought 
Brougham and ruined him for ever, and he gene- 
rously preferred sacrificing his own feelings and 
himself. It was a question much agitated in the 
family. Kit Hutchinson * was for war with Brougham, 
but Lord H. would let nothing be done. Had ever 
man such an escape as Brougham ? To Mrs. Taylor, 
Lauderdale said that he (L.) was the first man 
Brougham spoke to in the spring of 1819 on the 
subject of the divorce, desiring him to forward the 
proposal either to the King or the Government, but 
that he (L.) positively refused, asking B. at the same 
time if it was not highly indelicate for such a proposal 
to come from him. Upon the whole, I am quite con- 
vinced that Brougham's intention was to sacrifice the 

* The Hon. Christopher H. Hutchinson, M.P. for Cork, younger 
brother of Lord Hutchinson. 


Queen from motives either of personal ambition or 
revenge ; and I am still more convinced now of what 
I always suspected that, when he entered the House 
of Commons on the 7th of June (I think it was) last 
year on his return from St. Omer's, his fixed intention 
was to sacrifice her that night by renouncing all 
further support of her, and that he was prevented 
from doing so by.finding Bennett and myself taking 
the part we did on that occasion. ... I enclose you 
a copy I have taken of a letter from Lady Glengall 
to Mrs. Taylor very curious and entertaining. You 
know she has been Lady Conyngham's ' nearest and 
dearest' in former times. . . . You know she is an 
Irishwoman a niece of old Lord Clare was at the 
head of Dublin in the days of all its polished and 
profligate society ; and nothing can be so natural, 
l think, as her criticism upon it in its present degraded 
state. In her days, Conyngham was in poverty, and 
Lady Conyngham owed her first introduction to 
Dublin high life exclusively to Lady Glengall. . . ." 

Countess of Glengall to Mrs. Taylor. 

" Dublin, Aug. 27th. 

"Now then, to perform my promise ! but it would 
require the wit of a Creevey, the pen of a Pindar * 
or the pencil of a Gilray to do justice to the scene. 
Bedlam broke loose would be tame and rational to 
the madness of this whole nation ; for persons of all 
ranks are collected from all parts to add their madness 
and loyalty to that of this metropolis. The first 
sight that struck my eyes on landing out of the steam- 
boat was the print of his sacred feet cut in the stone, 

well turned in, thus J J \ \ . I proceeded a little 

further, when a triumphal arch struck my astonished 
eyes. It was worthy and only fit for Jack-in-the- 

* I.e. John Wolcott, who, under the pseudonym of " Peter Pindar," 
wrote The Lousiad, and a great quantity of occasional, satirical, and 
often scurrilous poems. 


Green on a May Day. Rags hung from every window 
which are called flags, but which would be taken by 
any one in their senses for the sign of a dyer's shop. 
Not one human being in mourning, and when I 
appeared in sables at a ball, and was asked who I 
mourned for, I was called a Radical ! i He was dead 
DRUNK when he landed on the i2th of August his 
own birthday. They drank all the wine on board the 
steamboat, and then applied to the whiskey punch, 
till he could hardly stand. This accounts for his 
eloquent speech to Lord Kingston, which you may 
have seen in the papers : * You blackwhiskered 
rascal ! ' etc. They clawed and pawed him all over, 
and called him his Ethereal Majesty. . . . They 
absolutely kiss his knees and feet, and he is enchanted 
with it all. Alas ! poor degraded country ! I cannot 
but blush for you. Think of their having applauded 
Castlereagh ! It is exactly as if a murderer were 
brought to view the body of his victim, and that he 
was to be applauded for his crime ; for Dublin is but 
the mangled corpse of what it was ; and he the man 
whom they huzza the cut-throat who brought it to 
its present condition.^ 

" Lady C[onyngham] shows but little in public. 
She lives at the King's own lodge at the Phoenix Park. 
He returned from Slane * this day and report says he 
is to pay another visit there. It is much talked of by 
all ranks, and many witticisms are dealt forth. . . . 
Ye Gods ! how they will fight next week. The persons 
who are most active and forward in managing the 
fetes will be undone, as the money subscribed cannot 
be collected. It is a melancholy farce from beginning 
to end, and they have voted him a palace ! In short, 
palaces in the air and drunkards under the table are 
the order of the day. Ireland, I am ashamed of you ! 
He never can stand it : his head must go. Indeed, 
were I to tell you half, you would say that it was 
already going, but in all in which she is concerned, I 
wish to be silent. . . . Far from doing good to this 
wretched country, his visit is making people spend 
money which they don't possess. . . . Nothing is so 
indecent as the total neglect of mourning. He 

* The Marquess Conyngham's seat in county Meath. 


appeared at his private levee, the day after his 
arrival, in a bright blue coat with the brightest 
yellow buttons * ... 

" Ever yours, 


" Cahir, Sept. loth. 

". . . The King I find has cut his voyage short by 
landing at Milford. He was strongly advised to go 
quietly to Holyhead, but Sir Watkinf had refused to 
receive a certain part of his cortege, saying that his 
wife did not know the ladies. ... I never saw Lady C. 
in higher spirits or beauty. She went little into public, 
and the King hurried over all the sights, as he could 
not bear to be away from her five minutes.{ Old Sid- 
mouth was never sober : the newspapers are perfectly 
accurate on this, as on many other occasions. . . . The 
Catholics think they are quite triumphant and sure 
of their emancipation, whilst his Majesty's nods and 
winks to the High Churchmen have quite set their 
friends at ease with regard to his intentions. It is 
humbug!! and on every side; but the Duke of Leinster, 
Lord Meath and the Irish Whigs are become quite as 
well educated courtiers as your Devonshires and 
others that shall be nameless. . 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Cantley, 13* Sept., 1821. 

". . . My little friend, the youngest Copley, can 
never resist touching up John George [Lambton] for 

* "Blom field tells me that the King intends to wear mourning at 
his private levee, and crape round his arm for the rest of the time. It 
was not easy, I learn, to persuade him to this" {The Croker Papers, 
i. 201]. Mr. Croker was present with the King in Dublin. 

t Sir W. W. Wynn, 4th baronet of Wynnstay. 

% " The King went minutely through the Museum and other parts 
of the interior. Whether this tired him or that he was too impatient 
to get to Slane, I cannot tell perhaps both ; but he did not appear 
on the lawn for above four minutes. . . . Great disappointment, and 
some criticism, which five minutes more would have prevented" [The 
Croker Papers, i. 206]. 

Afterwards married to 3rd Earl Grey. 


one of his sublimities. The first day he was here he 
said he considered 40,0. a year a moderate income 
such a one as a man might jog on with. This was 
when we were alone ; but it was too good to be lost, 
and . . . yesterday at breakfast, when we were dis- 
cussing Lord Harewood's fortune, little Cop said with 
becoming gravity ' she believed it exceeded a couple 
of jogs."* 

On i4th August, when Queen Caroline's body was 
being removed for embarkation at Colchester, a serious 
riot took place in the streets, during which two persons 
lost their lives. At the coroner's inquest upon the 
bodies, the jury returned a verdict of wilful murder 
against some of the Life Guards. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Gosforth House, 28th Sept., 1821. 

". . . As you are all soldiers in your hearts, I send 
you a letter I got from Sefton last Sunday, with his 
opinion touching the Life Guards. By the by, Lambton 
sent up 500 from Cantley as his subscription for buy- 
ing Wilson an annuity equal to the pay he has lost. . . ." 

Earl of Sefton to Mr. Creevey, enclosed in above. 

" Paris, 1 3th Sept., 1821. 

". . . Let me know what you are at. I take it for 
granted you are red hot against the Life Guards ; if 
so, I don't agree with you ; and if I had followed my 
inclination, I should have subscribed for them. I 
think they are always infamously treated by the mob, 
and are always much too forbearing ; but never so 
much as on the recent occasion. As for the Govern- 
ment, they ought to be impaled, and I hope they will. 
What will become of Brougham's silk gown ? . . . I 
hear the Whigs have great hopes of coming in. I 
sincerely hope they will be disappointed. . . . 

" Yours ever, 


* Mr. Lambton, created Earl of Durham in 1833, henceforward 
appears in these letters as " King Jog." 

( 33 ) 


Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Brooks's, Feby. 8th, 1822. 

". . . I dine at Sefton's again to-day. Did I tell 
you that Albemarle is to be married on Monday to 
'Charlotte' Hunlock?* Such is the case. The lady 
is 45, which is all very well if he must be married. 

" I2th Feb. 

"... I dined with my lord and my lady and the 
young ladies at i before 4, and we all agreed it was 
much the best hour to dine at. We were in the house 
by 10 minutes after 5, just as Brougham got up, and 
of course I heard every word of his speech, and of 
Castlereagh's answer to him.f It is the fashion to 
praise Brougham's speech more than it deserves at 
least in my opinion. It was free from faults, I admit, 
or very nearly so ; and that I think was its principal 
merit. Castlereagh's was an impudent, empty answer, 
clearly showing the monstrous' embarrassments the 
Ministers are under, as to managing both their pecu- 
niary resources and their House of Commons. The 
division was a very great one under all the circum- 
stances a most extraordinary one. The effect of the 
motion, if carried, was to take off 6 or 7 millions of 
taxes at once. . . . Against this sweeping motion the 

* The 3rd Earl of Albemarle [1772-1849]. Married his second 
wife, Miss Charlotte Hunloke, nth February, 1822. 

t Brougham's motion was upon the distressed state of the country, 
and for a reduction of taxation. 



Government could only produce 212 votes, and for it 
were found such men as Davenport M.P. for Cheshire, 
Walter Burrell and Curtis members for Sussex, John 
Fane for Oxfordshire, Lawley for Warwickshire, Sir 
John Boughey for Staffordshire, and a good many 
Tory members for boroughs. Tierney thought the 
motion too strong, and would not and did not vote, 
and we had 21 of our men shut out Lambton with a 
dinner at his own house, Bennett, Cavendishes and 
others. Tom Dundas, Chaloner and Ramsden, who 
had all come up from Yorkshire on purpose, were in 
the same scrape; Lord John Russell and others the 


" London, i6th Feby. 

". . . I dined at Sefton's with the ladies, Brougham 
and Ferguson before four, and was in the House some 
time before Castlereagh began; and when he did turn 
off, such hash was never delivered by man. The folly 
of him his speech as a composition in its attempt at 
style and ornament and figures, and in its real vulgarity, 
bombast and folly, was such as, coming from a man of 
his order, with 30 years' parliamentary experience and 
with an audience quite at his devotion, was such as I 
say amounted to a perfect miracle. To be sure our 
Brougham as a rival artist with him in talent and 
composition, play'd the devil with him, and made a 
great display. ... I thought I should have died with 
laughing when Castlereagh spoke gravely and hand- 
somely of the encreased cleanliness of the country 
from the encreased excise revenue of soap. . . ." 

" Brooks's, Feby. 28th. 

"My benefit went off last night as well as possible.* 
The ' front row ' of course could not attend, so I went 
down and occupied it with myself and my books, 
with Folkestone on one side of me and Bennet on the 
other. I disported myself for upwards of an hour 
with Bankes, Finance Committees and ' high and 
efficient ' public men. . . . Our lads were in extacies, 

* It was a motion to curtail the powers of the Government under 
the Civil Offices Pensions Act of 1817. Creevey's speech occupies nine 
pages of Hansard. 


and kept shouting and cheering me as I went on, with 
the greatest perseverance. Brougham and Sefton 
were amongst my bottle holders in the front row, and 
in common with all our people complimented me 
hugely. . . . Petty asked me how Hume came off 
last night. Apropos to Hume, never was a villain 
more compleatly defeated than Croker,* and so it is 
admitted on all hands, so that our Joe is raised again 
to the highest pinnacle of fame for his accuracy and 
arithmetic. . . . Here is Grey, publickly damning the 
newspapers for reporting my speech so badly, but he 
has ' seen enough to satisfy himself it must have been 
very good.' " 

"March i$th. 

". . . I made a very good speech (altho' you will 
find little trace of it in the newspapers), and rolled 
the new Buckingham Board of Controul about to 
their heart's content, and to the universal satisfaction 
of the House. Tierney of course betrayed me by his 
hollow support, and then I had all the weight of 
Canning's jokes to sustain, evidently prepared and 
fired upon me in the successive, and of course suc- 
cessful, peals. ... I must, or ought to, regret very 
much that I let Canning off so easily ; because, to do 
the House justice, they gave me perfectly fair play, 
and when I fired into the 'Idle Ambassador' at Lisbon, 
I had him dead beat. He dropt his head into his 
chest, and evidently skulked from what he thought 
might come. ... It was a great, and perhaps the only 
opportunity of shewing up the Joker's life and what 
it has all ended in banishment to India from want of 
honesty. ... I think I shall have full measure of 
these bridal visits. I dine at Ly. Anson's to-day, on 
Sunday at McDonald's, on Thursday with the young 
people at the Duke of Norfolk's, to-morrow with the 
Whigs at Ridley's." 

Brooks's, i6th March. 

" I can't get the better of my chagrin at not having 
done myself justice upon Canning the other night. . . . 

* A dispute between Joseph Hume and J. W. Croker, Secretary to 
the Admiralty, upon the Navy Estimates. 


1 dined at Ly. Anson's yesterday. We had Coke * and 
Ly. Anne, Miss Coke, Lord and Ly. Rosebery, 
Digby and Lady Andover,f Hinchcliffe (Ld. Crewe's 
nephew), Mr. Lloyd and myself. I sat next Lady 
Anson by her desire. I was introduced both by her 
and Coke to Lady Anne, who, to my mind, has neither 
beauty nor elegance nor manners to recommend her, 
but if ever I saw a deep one, it is her. She was per- 
fectly at her ease. On the other hand, I never saw 
more perfect behaviour than that of all the ladies of 
the family. Miss Coke I thought was low. We had, 
however, a very merry dinner, and I went upstairs 
and staid till eleven. I kept up a kind of running fire 
upon Coke, and Ly. Anson kept her hand upon my 
arm all the time, pinching me and keeping me in check 
when she thought I was going too far. ... I was at 
Whitehall last night Ly. Ossulston, Miss Lemon, 
Ferguson, Sefton and Vaughan, and then I came here 
(Brooks's), and was fool enough to sit looking over a 
whist table till between 4 and 5 this morning. Sefton 
and I walked away together, he having won by the 
evening a thousand and twenty pounds." 

" April 26th. 

". . . Another event of yesterday was Denman 
being elected Common Serjeant by the Common 
Council of London. The Queen's counsel, who on 
that occasion compared her husband to Nero ! . . . 
This was homage to Denman's honesty. I don't 
think Brougham could have succeeded, superior as 
he is to the other in talent." 

" Brooks's, April 27th. 

" I had a long conversation here to-day with 
Thanet.} I must say, ' altho' ' it might appear to any- 
body but you parasitical in his member to say so, that 
in agreeableness and honesty he surpasses all his 

* Thomas Coke of Holkham, M.P. for Norfolk, created Earl ot 
Leicester in 1837. Married his second wife, Lady Anne Keppel, on 
26th February, 1822, mother of the present earl. 

t Viscountess Andover, widow of the i$th Earl of Suffolk's eldest 
son, married in 1806 Admiral Sir Henry Digby. 

\ Sackville Tufton, Qth Earl of Thanet. 


order easy. To-morrow I dine with Sefton. Here 
is little Derby sitting by my side very, very old in 
looks, but as merry as ever. Here is Brougham, top, 
but in a most disgruntled, unsatisfactory state. His 
manners to me are barely civil, but I take no notice, 
presuming that time will bring him round, and if it 
don't I can't help it." 

" Brooks's, 3rd May. 

". . . Your philosophy is well and solidly 
grounded. These are feeble grievances as long as 
you are all well : nay, I might add, what are griev- 
ances like these to those of Lord and Ly. Salisbury 
the one, the descendant of old Cecil and aged 80 
years the other, the head and ornament and 
patroness of the beau monde of London for the last 
40 years, and yet to have 2000 per ann. taken out 
of their pockets at last by a rude and virtuous House 
of Commons. ... If this distress will but pinch 
these dirty, shabby landed voters two sessions more, 
there's no saying at what degree of purity we shall 
arrive. Meantime, all your place and pension holders 
must shake in their shoes. . . . Here is Grey in such 
roaring spirits, and so affable that I should not be 
surprised at the offer of a place from him when he 
comes in, which I am sure he now thinks must be 
very soon indeed. But Abercromby for my money : 
he told me last night it was all over with the present 


"7th May. 

". . . Brougham was sitting at Holland House on 
Sunday morning with my lady and various others, 
when a slight thunderstorm came on, and, according 
to invariable custom, my lady bolted. Presently the 
page summoned Brougham and conducted him to 
my lady's bedchamber, where he found all the 
windows closed and the candles lighted. She said 
she did not like to be left alone, so she pressed him 
to stay and dine, but upon his saying he must keep 
his engagement at Ridley's 'Ah,' said she, 'you will 
meet Creevey there, I suppose. What can be the 
reason he never comes near me ? ' We both of us 
laughed heartily at her conscience and fears thus 


smiting her when she thought herself in danger ; so 
I must leave her to another storm or two before I 
go to her." 

" Denbies, 28th May. 

". . . Mrs. Taylor says Lady Glengall told her 
last night she had not a single ticket left for the 
Hibernian ball out of her 100. . . . You know the 
original plan was to have had the affair at Willis's 
Rooms. The leading, female managers being Lady 
Hertford and Down Richmond, &c., &c. The block- 
heads, it seems, made up their list of patronesses 
without including Ly. Conyngham in the number, 
and she was not a lady to submit quietly to such an. 
insult ; so she started this opposition ball at the 
Opera House, with the King as patron, and all the 
same ladies as patronesses that were on the other 
list, except Lady Hertford and Down Richmond. The 
former is incensed at this practical retort from her 
successful rival * beyond all bounds. ... If you 
wish for anything in the public line, let me tell you 
that on Thursday or Friday last, Castlereagh, being 
in Hyde Park on horseback, met Tavistock, and tho' 
he has very slight acquaintance with him, he turned 
his horse about, and lost no time in unbosoming him- 
self upon the state of public affairs. He described 
the torment of carrying on the Government under 
the general circumstances of the country as beyond 
endurance, and said if he could once get out of it, no 
power on earth should get him into it again." t 

"Brooks's, 1 5th June. 

". . . As it is not very often I am in the literary 
line, let me boast of having read three hours this 
morning, being very much delighted with a new book 
I have got. It is the poems and other pieces of Sir 
Charles Hanbury-Williams, grandfather to the present 
Lord Essex. . . . As a wit and poet, I assure you the 
Welchman is of high order. . . . Then, what with 
text and notes, you have the whole town before you 
male and female political and domestic during 
30 years of the last century. . . ." 

* In the affections of the King. 

t Within a few weeks of this Castlereagh died by his own hand. 

1822.] "A VOICE FROM ST. HELENA." 39 

" i8th June. 

". . . On Saturday I dined at John Williams's in 
Lincoln's Inn, being carried there by Lambton in his 
coach, protected by two footmen. Sunday I dined at 
Cowper's with Sefton, Jerseys, Ossulston, George 
Lambs, Carnarvon, Kensington and Wm. Lambe. . . . 
I am sorry to find that my friend Sir Charles Hy. 
Williams has some great objections to him on the 
score of delicacy." 

"Cantley, July 21. 

". . . Well, I wonder whether you will be any- 
thing like as much interested by O'Meara and Buona- 
parte as I have been and am still. I can think of 
nothing else. ... I am perfectly satisfied Buonaparte 
said all that O'Meara puts into his mouth. Whether 
that is all true is another thing. . . . There are parts 
of the conversations, too, which are quite confirmed, 
or capable of being so, by evidence. For instance 
when O'Meara lent him the Edinburgh Review, just 
come out, with a sketch of his life in it, he expresses 
to O'Meara the greatest surprise at some facts there 
stated, as he says he is sure they are, or were, only 
known to his own family. It turns out the article in 
question was written by Allen, and the facts referred 
to were told to Lord Holland when at Rome by 
Cardinal Fesch. Again ; the conversations which 
-Nap states to have taken place between him and 
young de Stael, the latter says are perfectly correct 
as to the periods and the subject of them, tho' he 
denies some of Nap's statements in them to be true. 
It is very difficult to predict what is to cause any 
permanent impression or effect, but, judging from 
my own feelings, I shd. say these conversations of 
Nap's are calculated to produce a very strong and 
very universal one upon very many subjects, and 
upon most people in future times, as well as our 
own." * 

* Lord Rosebery's is the latest hand that has dealt with the 
prisoner of St. Helena, and that with a very sympathetic touch. Of 
O'Meara's book he says "A Voice from St. Helena, by O'Meara, 
is perhaps the most popular of all the Longwood narratives, and few 


The following extract from a letter by Lord 
Derby refers to the candidature of his grandson, 
afterwards fourteenth earl, for Stockbridge, and 
marks the first public appearance of the future 
"Rupert of debate." 

" Knowsley, loth August, 1822. 


" I last night received your very kind letter 
and take the earliest opportunity of thanking you for 
the communication of Ld. Sefton's letter concerning 
Edward Stanley's debut at Stockbridge. It is most 
gratifying to me to hear him so well spoken of. ... 
You could not have told me anything that was more 
acceptable to me, and I feel most grateful to you for 
this attention. . . . Speaking in Parliament is, how- 
ever, so very different thing from speaking on the 
hustings or at an election dinner that I shall still 
be very anxious for his success in the house, and I 
earnestly hope that he may not be in too great a 
hurry to begin. . . ." 

Lord Castlereagh, who succeeded his father as 
second Marquess of Londonderry on 8th April, 1821, 
but who will always be best recognised under the 
title which he raised to distinction, perished by his 
own hand on i3th August, 1822. The circumstances 

publications ever excited so great a sensation as this worthless book. 
Worthless it undoubtedly is, in spite of its spirited flow and the vivid 
interest of the dialogue. No one can read the volumes of Forsyth, in 
which are printed the letters of O'Meara to Lowe, or the handy and 
readable treatise in which Mr. Seaton distils the essence of these 
volumes, and retain any confidence in O'Meara's facts. He may 
sometimes report conversations correctly, or he may not, but in any 
doubtful case it is impossible to accept his evidence. He was the 
confidential servant of Napoleon ; unknown to Napoleon, he was 
the confidential agent of Lowe ; and behind both their backs he was 
the confidential informant of the British Government, for whom he 
wrote letters to be circulated to the Cabinet. Testimony from such 
a source is obviously tainted" {Napoleon: the Last Phase, 1900]. 


are too well known to require further reference, ex- 
cept to note that the different causes mentioned by 
Mr. Creevey to account for this great statesman's 
derangement are wide of the mark. Castlereagh had 
submitted to a peculiarly nefarious system of black- 
mail by some villains who had entrapped him, and 
the agony of apprehension resulting from this, act- 
ing upon a mind perhaps overstrained in the public 
service during a long and peculiarly agitated period, 
brought about the disaster. 

Suicide was of painfully frequent occurrence 
among public men in the first half of the nineteenth 
century. Paull, the enemy of Marquess Wellesley, 
in 1808 Samuel Whitbread in 1815 Sir Samuel 
Romilly in 1818 and now Castlereagh in 1822, are 
among the figures who disappeared in this melan- 
choly manner from the stage depicted in these 
papers. It may be idle to speculate upon the source 
of a tendency which prevails no longer among our 
legislators ; but those who have had occasion to 
peruse the memoirs and study the social habits of the 
period under consideration, cannot have overlooked 
two agencies which must have sapped all but the 
most robust constitutions. One was the habit of hard 
drinking, encouraged by all who could afford to give 
hospitality, in emulation of the example furnished by 
those who set the fashions. The other was the 
constant recourse to drastic physic and excessive 
bleeding to remedy the disorders induced by high 
living. If these were not contributing causes to 
suicide, their discontinuance at all events coincides 
with a marked reduction in its frequency. 

It had been agreeable to trace in Creevey's corre- 
spondence some signs of large-hearted regret for the 


removal of one who had borne so great a part in the 
national history, and had so long led the House of 
Commons. The spirit of party seems to have been 
too acrid at the time to admit any infusion of gentler 
sentiment towards a fallen foe. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Cantley, 14 Aug., 1822. 

". . . And now for Castlereagh what an extra- 
ordinary event ! I take for granted his self-destruction 
has been one of the common cases of pressure upon 
the brain which produces irritability, ending in de- 
rangement. Taylor will have it, and Ferguson also 
believes in this nonsense, that Bonaparte's charge 
against him as told by O'Meara, of his having bagged 
part of Nap's money has had something to do with it. 
Do you remember my telling you of a conversation 
Castlereagh forced upon Tavistock in the Park in the 
spring about his anxiety to quit office and politicks 
and Parliament ? * He did the same thing to Ferguson 
one of the last nights at Almack's, stating his great 
fatigue and exhaustion and anxiety to be done with 
the concern altogether just as poor Whitbread did 
to me both by letter and conversation two years 
before his death. It is a curious thing to recollect 
that one night at Paris in 1815 when I was at a 
ball at the Beau's, Castlereagh came up to me and 
asked if I had not been greatly surprised at Whit- 
bread's death, and the manner of it, and then we had 
a good deal of conversation on the subject. 

" Death settles a fellow's reputation in no time, and 
now that Castlereagh is dead, I defy any human being 
to discover a single feature of his character that can 
stand a moment's criticism. By experience, good 
manners and great courage, he managed a corrupt 
House of Commons pretty well, with some address. 
This te the whole of his intellectual merit. He had 
a limited understanding and no knowledge, and his 

* See p. 38. 

J (>rd ()((,}/ /crctHf /i . 


whole life was spent in an avowed, cold-blooded con- 
tempt of every honest public principle. A worse, or, 
if he had had talent and ambition for it, a more 
dangerous, public man never existed. However, he 
was one of Nap's imbeciles, and as the said Nap over 
and over again observes, posterity will do them both 
justice. . . . 

" Now, what will come next ? Will the perfidious 
Canning forego his Indian prospects stay with his 
wife and (daughter to succeed Castlereagh. I think 
not. I think the former enmity between him and 
Eldon has been too publickly exposed and encreased, 
by their late sparring match upon the Marriage Act, 
to let them come together. Then I think the Beau 
will claim and have the Foreign Office, and Peel will 
claim to lead in the House of Commons. Mais-nous 
verrons ! I suppose the King will approve the step 
Lord Castlereagh has taken, as he was Lady Conyng- 
ham's abhorrence, and Lady Castlereagh would not 
speak to Lady Conyngham. 

" What a striking thing this death of Castlereagh 
is under all the circumstances ! This time last year 
he was revelling with his Sovereign in the country he 
had betrayed and sold, over the corpse of the Queen 
whom he had so inhumanly exposed and murdered. 
Ah, Prinney, Prinney ! your time will come, my boy ; 
and then your fame and reputation will have fair play 
top. . . . Taylor had a letter from Denison yesterday 
with a good deal of London jaw in it, and some of it 
is curious enough considering the quarter it comes 
from.* Bloomfield is to go to Stockholm as our 
minister! and then Denison says, had he not been 
discharged, the Privy Purse was in such a state, 
Parliament must have been applied to. Bloomfield's 
defence is, the Privy Purse was exhausted by pay- 
ing for diamonds for Lady Conyngham ; and all 
these honors and emoluments showered on him 
by the Crown are given him to make him hold his 
tongue. . . ." 

* William Joseph Denison of Denbies, M.P., was brother to the 
Marchioness of Conyngham. 


Henry Brougham, M.P., to Mr. Creevey. 

" Carlisle, iQth Aug. 

". . . Well ! this is really a considerable event in 
point 'of size. Put all their other men together in 
one scale, and poor Castlereagh in the other single, 
he plainly weighed them down. . . . One can't help 
feeling a little for him, after being pitted against him 
for several years pretty regularly. It is like losing a 
connection suddenly. Also, he was a gentleman, and 
the only one amongst them. But there are material 
advantages ; and among them I reckon not the least 
that our excellent friends that are gone, and for 
whom we felt so bitterly, are, as it were, revenged. 
I mean Whitbread and Romilly.* I cannot describe 
to you how this idea has filled my mind these last 24 
hours. No mortal will now presume to whisper a 
word against these great and good men I mean in 
our time ; for there never was any chance of their 
doing so in after time. All we wanted was a gag for 
the present, and God knows here we have it in 
absolute perfection. Hitherto we were indulged with 
the enemy's silence, but it was by a sort of forbear- 
ance ; now we have it of right. 

As for the question of his successor who cares 
one farthing about it ? We know the enemy is in- 
calculably damaged anyhow. Let that suffice ! He 
has left behind him the choice between the Merry 
Andrew and the Spinning Jenny ; f and the Court 
the vile, stupid, absurd, superannuated Court may 
make its election and welcome. The damaged Prig 
or the damaged Joker signifies very little. I rather 
agree with Taylor that they will take Wellington for 
the Secy, of State, and that Canning will still go to 
India. ... I rather think I shd. prefer the very 
vulnerable Canning remaining at home. By the way, 
I hope to live to see medical men like Bankhead tried 
for manslaughter, at the least. What think you of 
removing things from poor C., and then leaving him 
alone, even for 5 minutes?. . ." 

* Both of whom committed suicide. 
t Canning and Peel. 


George IV. made a royal progress to Edinburgh in 
August of this year. Thanks, in great measure, to 
the influence of Sir Walter Scott, his Majesty was 
received in the northern capital with far more respect 
and enthusiasm than he had been accustomed of late 
to experience in the south. 

From Stuart to Mr. Ferguson of Raith. 

" Edinburgh, lyth Aug., 1822. 

"... I send you a Scotsman [newspaper], the 
Account in which as to the King is pretty correct. 
He has been received by the people in the most 
respectful and orderly manner. All have turn'd out 
in their holiday cloaths, and in numbers which are 
hardly credible. ... I have been much disappointed 
to-day with the levee. . . . There was nothing in- 
teresting or imposing about it. A vast crowd, with 
barely standing room for two hours : afterwards 
moved to the Presence Chamber, where no one was 
for a minute. . . . The King did not seem to move a 
muscle, and we all asked each other, when we came 
away, what had made us take so much trouble. He 
was dressed in tartan. Sir Walter Scott has ridiculously 
made us appear to be a nation of Highlanders, and 
the bagpipe and the tartan are the order of the day." 

Henry Brougham, M.P., to Mr. Creevey. 

" Lancaster, 2ist August. 

". . . I dined the day before yesterday at old 
Bolton's circuit dinner, and found Canning there. I 
had a good deal of talk with him about Castlereagh, 
and he spoke very properly. Neither of us canted 
about the matter ; but he shewed the right degree of 
feeling. I don't think he is going to be sent for, and 
am pretty sure he will go to India If they are kind 
enough to do so excellent a thing as try it with the 
low, miserable Spinning Jenny,* thank God for it ! 

* Peel. 


Only lose no time in reminding Barnes, as from your- 
self, of the magazine of ammunition for attacking him 
the moment the arrangement is made I mean, in the 
debates of 1819, when I laid it into him in a merciless 
manner. It is pretty correctly given, and is a fund of 
attack ; the rather that the fellow was caught in the 
fact of the very lowest trick ever man attempted. It 
was like having his hand seized while picking a 

" Yours ever. 

"H. B." 

" Lancaster, 22nd Aug. 

"... I hope you are sufficiently angry at the cursed 
cant of the liberal daily papers about Castlereagh. I 
ought rather to say their childish giving vent to feel- 
ings, and bepraising C. absurdly and falsely, merely 
because he is dead. Such stuff takes away all authority 
from the press, and makes attacks really of no kind of 
importance. If they go on upon all subjects upon the 
mere impulse of the moment, they will soon cease to 
be any more attended to than a parcel of infants or 

Brougham, 24 Aug. 


" I long to know your speculations upon these 
times, as I have heard nothing from you since we 
were bereaved of our Castlereagh; therefore I can't 
be sure that you have survived that event. . . . Don't 
believe in Canning's coming in. He may be unwise 
enough to desire it, and Jenky * may try for him, and 
it may go so far as a kind of offer ; but nothing short 
of the event will ever convince me of his being in 
the Cabinet with these men and with this King. . . ." 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Cantley, Aug. 24, 1822. 

"This Royalty is certainly the very devil. . . . 
Sussex arrived on Wednesday between 3 and 4, 
himself in a very low barouche and pair, and a 

* Lord Liverpool. 

i822.] THE DUKE OF SUSSEX. 47 

thundering coach behind with four horses his staff, 
Stephenson, a son of Albemarle's, a Gore, servants, 
groom of the chambers, a black valet-de-chambre and 
two footmen, clad en militaires. ... It has been my 
good fortune during his stay here to be considered by 
all parties as his fittest companion. Accordingly, I 
had a tete-a-tete with him of nearly four hours together 
on Thursday, and of 2j yesterday, and my health has 
really been greatly impaired by this calamity. He has 
every appearance of being a good-natured man, is very 
civil and obliging, never says anything that makes 
you think him foolish; but there is a nothingness in 
him that is to the last degree fatiguing. . . . Althorpe 
was here yesterday, and told me there had certainly 
been rejoicings in the neighbouring market towns 
upon Castlereagh's death. . . . 

" Robert Ferguson * tells me that he has seen a 
great deal of Major Poppleton lately, the officer of the 
53rd who was stationed about Bonaparte. Bob says 
Poppleton is quite as devoted to Nap, and as adverse 
to Lowe as O'Meara, and that all the officers of the 
53rd were the same. . . . Poppleton has a beautiful 
snuff-box poor Nap gave him. What would I give to 
have such a keepsake from him, and, above all, to have 
seen him. O'Meara has a tooth of his he drew, which 
he always carries about with him. . . ." 

" Cantley, Aug. 29. 

". . . Did I tell you that our Sussex is to come back 
to us for Doncaster races? . . . Miss Poyntz has 
refused Lord Gower,f as has Miss Bould of Bould 
Hall Lord Clare. . . . Miss Seymour (Minny) when 
she landed at Calais had O'Meara's book in her hand, 
which, when recognised, was instantly seized by the 
police. What a specimen of a great nation and the 
proud situation of the Bourbons ! However, Sussex 
told me the book was already translated into both 
French and German, so the Hereditary Asses of all 
nations won't escape, with all their precautions. Did 
I tell you that Sussex says none of his sisters will 

* Son of General [Sir] Ronald Ferguson, M.P., originally in the 
53rd Foot, succeeded his brother in 1840 as laird of Raith. 
t Afterwards 2nd Duke of Sutherland. 


touch Ly. Conyngham, which gives mortal offence to 
Prinney ; nor can their justification be very agreeable, 
for they say, after his insisting upon their not speak- 
ing to the late Queen, how can they do so to Ly. C.? 

" Cantley, Sept. 3. 

". . . Maria Copley says Miss Canning is quite 
broken-hearted at going [to India]. She says that 
her forte is her memory, as proof of which she gave 
me two instances. One was, getting by heart in a 
few hours the 39 Articles : the other was, in a some- 
what longer time, repeating the whole of a Times 
newspaper, from beginning to end, advertisements 
and all. Maria says Lady Charlotte Greville, having 
dined at the Pavilion not long ago, and having sat 
next the King, describes him as grown the greatest 
bore she ever saw. . . . His irritability of temper, they 
say, is become quite intolerable ; his prevailing subject 
of complaint is his old age, at which he feels, of course, 
the most royal indignation. . . ." 

" Cantley, Sept. 7, 1822. 

". . . Maria Copley has read me a letter from Lady 
Francis Leveson from her new and noble parents' 
Cock Robin Castle,* at the other extremity of Scot- 
land. It is really not amiss as an exhibition of the 
tip-top noble domestic. Lord Francis f had left 
Edinbro immediately upon Lord Stafford's J illness, 
and Lady Francis followed immediately to pass a 
month there [at Dunrobin]. She says ' Figure to 
yourself my introduction into a room about 12 feet 
square, the company being Lord and Lady Stafford, 
Lord and Lady Wilton, Lord and Lady Elizabeth 
Belgrave, Lord and Lady Surrey, and Lord Gower. 
A table in the midst of the room, highly polished, I 
admit, but not a book nor a piece of work to be seen : 
the company formed into a circle, and every man and 
his wife sitting next each other, after the manner of 
the Marquis of Newcastle's family in the picture in his 
book.'" J 

* Dunrobin. 

t Afterwards created Earl of Ellesmere. 

J Created Duke of Sutherland in 1833. 


"Cantley, Sept. isth, 1822. 

". . . Amongst other people whom I saw at the 
ball was Tom Smith the hunter and M.P.* Upon 
my saying Canning had made a bad thing of it in 
bringing in no one with him, he said it was quite bad 
enough to have him brought in without any other of 
his set, and that he (Smith) was of FalstafFs opinion 
that Canning was as rotten as a stewed prune, or 
words to that effect. 

Henry Brougham, M.P., to Mr. Creevey. 

11 Brougham, 14 Sept. 

" DEAR C, 

" Many thanks for your letter. I had, how- 
ever, yesterday heard (via Bowpod where the Hollands 
are) that all was settled. Canning succeeds to Foreign 
Office, lead of the House, &c. in short, all of Castle- 
reagh except his good judgt, good manners and bad 
English. . . . Now don't still call me obstinate if I 
withhold my belief till I see them fairly under weigh. 
I know the Chancellor's t tricks : he is ' the most subtle 
of all the beasts.' . . . The Beau J is still very unwell, 
and was cupped again on Thursday night." 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Cantley, Sept. 19. 

". . . What a victim of temper poor Lambton is ! 
He has been complaining to me of his unhappiness. I 
observed in reply that he had a good many of the 
articles men in general considered as tolerable 
ingredients for promoting happiness ; to which he 
replied: 'I don't know that; but I do know that it's 
damned hard that a man with 80,000 a year can't 
sleep!' He has not much merit but his looks, his 
property and his voice and power of publick speaking. 
He has not the slightest power or turn for conversa- 
tion, and would like to live exclusively on the flattery 

* Thomas Assheton Smith, 
f Lord Eldon. 
j The Duke of Wellington. 


of toadies ; nevertheless, I am doomed to go to Lamb- 
ton : he will hear of nothing less, and I have shirked 
him so often, I suppose I must go. . . ." 

Henry Brougham, M.P., to Mr. Creevey. 

"Raby, Sept., 1822. 

"Your letter gives me some comfort, and 
indeed much coincides with my own view of the 
Merryman's * case. Certainly he presents more sore 
places to the eye of the amateur than most men. 
Moreover his coin is now about cried down at least 
hardly current. He is stampt as a joker, and therefore 
dare not joke : not to mention that hard figures of 
arithmetic!* are too hard to be got over by figures 
of rhetprick. All these things, and his gout and 
irritability, I try to console myself withal, but still I 
own I am somewhat low not so much at what we 
are to have, which is most excellent in its way but 
at what we have lost, which is by far the best thing 
in the world namely, the Spinning Jenny,t Vesey, J 
Kew, Bellamy and Co. It was indeed too good a 
thing to happen. . . ." 

"Brougham, Tuesday [Sept., 1822]. 

"... I hope you are sufficiently vexed at Hume 
making such an ass of himself as he did t'other day 
by his stupid vanity and his attack, thro' such vanity, 
on the rest of the Opposition. His kind patronage of 
Archy is only laughable, but to see him splitting on 
that rock (of egotism and vanity) is rather provoking. 
What right has HE to talk of the Whigs never coming 
to his support on Parly. Reform ? I can remind him 
of their dividing some 120 on it in 1812, when he was 
sitting at Perceval's back, toad-eating him for a place, 
and acting the part of their covert doer of all sorts of 
dirty work in the coarsest and most offensive way, 
thro' the whole battle of the Orders in Council, when 

* Canning, 
t Peel. 

t Right Hon. W. Vesey Fitzgerald, M.P. [1783-1843], after- 
wards Lord Fitzgerald. 


we beat them and him ! I always have defended him 
when that period of his life has been cast in my teeth, 
and on this one ground that Bentham, Mill, &c., who 
converted him, persuaded me that his former conduct 
was from mere want of education, and that he was 
radically honest. But off hands ! an't please you, 
good Master Joseph ! In truth I cannot reckon a 
man's conduct at all pure who shows up others at 
public meetings behind their backs, whom he never 
whispers a word against in their places. There is 
extreme meanness in this sneaking way of ingratiating 
himself at their expense, and the utter falsehood of 
the charge is glaring. Parly. Reform has never once 
been touched by him (luckily for the question). The 
motions on it last session were Lord John's and my 
own. His boro' reform professedly steered clear of 
the question. I trust he has been misrepresented, but 
1 heard in Scotland that people were everywhere 
laughing at him for his arrogance and vanity."* 

Earl of Thanet to Mr. Creevey. 

"... I am just returned from Kent, more disgusted 
than usual at the language and temper of those I saw, 
which I take for a sample of the rest ; everybody 
complaining, without an idea that they could do any- 
thing towards attaining relief. Landlords and farmers 
seem to have no other occupation than comparing 
their respective distresses. They ask what is to 
happen. I answer you will be ruined, and they 
stare like stuck pigs. I could not hear of one Tory 
gentleman who had changed. One booby says it is 
the Poor Rate another the Tithe another high 
rents all omit the real cause, taxation, the mother of 
all evil. It is a besotted country, and may, for aught 
I know, be a proper audience for Mr. Merriman. 

"Brougham has been bidding 15,000 for two 
farms in Westmorland. The seller has taken time to 
consider, and, if he does not nail him, he must have 
found one as insane as himself." 

One is accustomed to associate the introduction of 
the battue with the reign of Queen Victoria, and 


especially with the Prince Consort, but here we have 
an early example of the practice, and not only the 
practice, but the very term "battue" is applied to 
it. Holkham has long been famed for shooting, but 
it is certainly surprising to find that bags on this 
scale could be made eighty years ago, by men shoot- 
ing with flint-lock muzzle-loaders. There are few 
rabbits in the covers at Holkham now; possibly 
they were more numerous there when George IV. 
was king. 

Viscountess Anson to Mr. Creevey. 

"Holkham, Nov. 5, 1822. 

". . . Though not much of a sportsman yourself, 
you may be living with those who are, and I suppose 
it would be incorrect to write a letter from hence the 
day after the first battue without mentioning that 
780 head of game were killed by 10 guns, and that 
25 woodcocks formed a grand feature in the chasse." 

Upon Castlereagh's death, Wellington went on 
the embassy to Verona in his place. It was Canning's 
policy, on succeeding Castlereagh at the Foreign 
Office, to make it appear that his predecessor had 
entered upon an aggressive line in regard to Euro- 
pean complications, from which he Canning extri- 
cated the British Cabinet. But in truth Wellington 
carried with him and acted upon instructions drafted 
by Castlereagh himself, whereof the keynote was " to 
observe a strict neutrality." Especially was this so 
in regard to the French invasion of Spain, then 
imminent. " There seems nothing to add to or to 
vary in the course of policy hitherto pursued. Solici- 
tude for the safety of the royal family, observance of 
our obligations with Portugal, and a rigid abstinence 


from any interference in the internal affairs of that 
country " these are Castlereagh's own words as 
drafted for his own guidance when he, and not Wel- 
lington, was to have been the British plenipotentiary 
at the Congress ; and they disprove the claim made 
by the partisans of Canning that it was he, not 
Castlereagh, who first established the policy of 
non-intervention in the domestic affairs of foreign 
countries so far as consistent with treaty obligations. 
This was the more notable, because the Emperor of 
Russia, formerly distinguished for liberal views, had 
of late ranged himself in line with the other crowned 
heads of Europe in desiring to repress by force the 
revolutionary movement in Spain, which country, he 
told Wellington, " he considered the headquarters 
of revolution and Jacobinism ; that the King and 
royal family were in the utmost danger, and that so 
long as the revolution in that country should be 
allowed to continue, every country in Europe, and 
France in particular, was unsafe." * 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Farnley, i4th Nov., 1822. 

"... I am happy to see from the papers that the 
Beau is getting upon his legs again, and I am still 
more happy that he is at Verona instead of that 
terrible fellow Castlereagh. It appears to me im- 
possible after all Wellington has said to me about the 
King of Spain and his perfidy, and with his intimacy 
with Alava, one of Ferdinand's victims, that the Beau 
should be for helping him out of his difficulties. Then 
he knows the Spanish nation better than anybody 
else here their universal hatred of the French their 
great resources from their mountains and guerilla 
warfare. In short, I rely with confidence upon him 

* Wellington's Civil Despatches, i. 343. 


as the only man who, on this occasion, could keep 
those Royal Imbeciles and Villains of Europe in any 
order, and I consider his being there as our minister 
as quite a godsend. If this vapouring French ministry 
do once cross the Spanish frontier, the devil take 
the hindmost of the Bourbons, both French and 

Creevey, having had rather a heated correspon- 
dence with Mr. Lambton (afterwards Earl of Durham) 
on political subjects, chiefly connected with an elec- 
tion for York, and being about to meet him at 
Croxteth, felt uncertain as to the terms on which 
they stood together. He therefore wrote to Lamb- 
ton, bluntly seeking for an understanding. 

Mr. Lambton to Mr. Creevey. 

"Howick, Nov. 15, 1822. 


"You have already smote me on one cheek, 
and I now, in the true spirit of scriptural precept, 
offer you the other. In other and more profane 
words, you have used me shamefully. You pro- 
mised to come to our races : I kept a room for you 
until the second day after they had begun, altho' beds 
were as scarce as honest men ; yet you neither came 
nor sent me word that you had altered your mind. 

You but I had better stop, or I shall work myself 

up into that vindictive spirit which you deprecate. 

" Now for a proof of my forgiving disposition. I 
not only shall meet you at Croxteth in perfect amity, 
but shall be happy to take you there, if my time suits 
your convenience. I am to be at Croxteth on Friday 
next, and sleep at Skipton on Thursday night. Skip- 
ton, I fancy, is about 15 miles from Farnley, and if you 
will join me there on Friday morning, I will carry 
you and your luggage safely to Croxteth. You must, 
however, break your usual rule, and let me know 
whether this offer suits you or not. . . . Don't talk to 
me about politics I have done with them. If you 

1822.] MR. COBBETT'S VIEWS. 55 

can tell me anything respecting the Leger if you 
have any dark horse who is not spavined I shall 
listen to you with attention ; but as to Verona, the 
Bourbons, Reform, Spain, the Pirates, &c., &c., throw 
them to the dogs : I'll have none on't ! 

" Yours, in the true spirit of Christian feeling, 


Wm. Cobbett to Mr. Fawkes [a candidate for 

"i2th Nov., 1822. 

". . . The ruin in this part of the country is general. 
An unruined farmer is an exception. The Pitt system 
seems destined to fulfil all my prophecies even 
those that were thought the most wild. Faith ! your 
antagonist Mr. Canning has his hands full. He has 
already discovered what it is to negociate with a debt 
of 800 millions and a dead weight of 100 millions 
hanging round the neck of the country. This was 
one of the points that Windham told me I was mad 
upon. I said you can have neither war nor peace in 
safety without getting rid of this infernal debt. He 
used to say Met us beat the French first.' I used to 
say that to beat them with bank notes was to beat 
ourselves in the end. And thus it has been. The 
country becomes a poor, low, pitiful, feeble, cowardly 
thing, unless we get rid of the debt ; and that is not 
to be got rid of without a reform in the House of 
Commons. The conduct of the Lords has always 
been to me the most surprising thing. Terrified out 
of their wits at Hunt,* who is really as inoffensive as 
Pistol or Bardolph, and hugging to their bosoms the 
Barings, the Ricardos and all that tribe. . . . How- 
ever, it is useless to exclaim. . . . The war used to be 
called an ' eventful period ; ' but this is the eventful 
period for England." 

* Henry Hunt [1773-1835], radical politician, commonly known 
as " Orator Hunt." 


Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Croxteth, Nov. 26, 1822. 

" Well ! I found the King * at Skipton before nine 
on Friday, breakfasting on his own tea, his own sugar, 
his own bread and even his own butter all brought 
from Lambton. However, the Monarch was very 
amiable, and barring one volcanic eruption against 
the postboys for losing their way within 5 miles of 
this house, our journey was very agreeable. . . ." 

" Dec. 3rd. 

". . . Lord Hertford owes his blue ribbon to his 
having purchased four seats in Parliament since his 
father's death, and to his avowed intention of dealing 
still more largely in the same commodity. . . . We con- 
tinue to go on quite capitally in this house. I never 
saw Sefton in greater force. I wish you could see the 
manner of both father and son to the different tenants 
we see from time to time on our different shooting and 
coursing excursions. What a contrast to the acid and 
contemptuous Lambton ! However, poor devil, he 
pays for it pretty dearly, and will probably be a victim 
to his temper. . . . Lady Georgiana [Molyneux] 
amused me yesterday by telling me of a conversation 
she had with Lady Holland, in which the latter had 
deplored my present hostility to her, and had requested 
Ly. Georgiana's assistance in discovering the cause, 
and producing a reconciliation. . . ." 

" Croxteth, Dec. 12. 

". . . The truth is that all the Whigs are either 
fools or rogues enough to believe that our Monarch 
is really very fond of them, and that (according to the 
angry Boy f who left us yesterday) if we, the Whigs, 
could but arrange our matters between ourselves, the 
Sovereign would be happy to send for us. This is 
all he is waiting for; and with reference to it, Lamb- 
ton told Sefton in the strictest confidence that it is of 
vital importance to gain Brougham's consent to Scarlett 

* Mr. Lambton. t Mr. Lambton. 



being Chancellor, and for Brougham to take the office 
of Atty. Genl. ! . . . You may suppose the anxiety of 
the Earl's mind till he found me for the purpose of 
unburthening himself of this confidential communica- 
tion ; and haying done so, we indulged ourselves in a 
duet that might have been heard in the remotest 
corner of the house. Is it not perfectly incredible? 
Lambton was in constant communication with Grey 
whilst here, and (very judiciously!) shewed Sefton 
some of his dispatches on this subject. . . ." 

"Croxteth, 15th. 

". . . We all dined at Knowsley last night. The 
new dining-room is opened: it is 53 feet by 37, and 
such a height that it destroys the effect of all the other 
apartments. . . . You enter it from a passage by two 
great Gothic church-like doors the whole height of 
the room. This entrance is in itself fatal to the effect. 
Ly. Derby (like herself), when I objected to the 
immensity of the doors, said : ' You've heard Genl. 
Grosvenor's remark upon them have you not? He 
asked in his grave, pompous manner " Pray are those 
great doors to be opened for every pat of butter that 
comes into the room?" ^ At the opposite end of the 
room is an immense Gothic window, and the rest of 
the light is given by a sky-light mountains high. 
There are two fireplaces ; and the day we dined there, 
there were 36 wax candles over the table, 14 on it, 
and ten great lamps on tall pedestals about the room ; 
and yet those at the bottom of the table said it was 
quite petrifying in that neighbourhood, and the report 
here is that they have since been obliged to abandon 
it entirely from the cold. . . . My lord and my lady 
were all kindness to me, but only think of their neither 
knowing nor caring about Spain or France, nor 
whether war or peace between these two nations was 
at all in agitation ! 

". . . 1 must say I never saw man or woman live 
more happily with nine grown up children. It is my 
lord [Derby] who is the great moving principle. . . 
What a contrast to that poor victim of temper who 
left us last week! [Mr. Lambton]." 


" Croxteth, 23rd. 

". . . Brougham arrived here on Saturday, on his 
way or rather out of his way to his nearest and 
dearest. ... Of domestic matters, I think his principal 
article is that Mrs. Taylor's niece, Ly. Londonderry,* 
has transferred her affections from her lord to other 
objects : in the first instance to young Bloomfield, 
Sir Benjamin's son ; and since, to a person of some- 
what higher rank, viz., the Emperor of Russia, and 
that she is now following the latter lover to Peters- 
burgh. Lady Holland is the author of these state- 
ments, and vouches for the truth of them. 

"Apropos to Lady Holland, in addition to all her 
former insults upon the town, she has set up a huge 
cat, which is never permitted to be out of her sight, 
and to whose vagaries she demands unqualified sub- 
mission from all her visitors. Rogers, it seems, has 
already sustained considerable injury in a personal 
affair with this animal. Brougham only keeps him or 
her at arm's length by snuff, and Luttrell has sent in a 
formal resignation of all further visits till this odious 
new favorite is dismissed from the Cabinet. . . . But 
think of my having so long forgot to mention that 
Brougham says many of the best informed people in 
London, such as Dog Dent and others, are perfectly 
convinced of the truth of the report that dear Prinney 
is really to marry Ly. Elizabeth Conyngham ; on 
which event the Earl here humorously observes that 
the least the King can do for the Queen's family is to 
make Denison f ' Great Infant of England.' " 

* Frances Anne, only daughter and heiress of Sir Harry Vane- 
Tempest of Wynyard, Bart. 

t Lord Albert Denison Conyngham, 3rd son of Elizabeth Denison, 
ist Marchioness of Conyngham. He was born in 1805, and was 
supposed to be the son of the Prince of Wales (George IV.). 

( 59 ) 


Miss Maria Copley * to Mr. Creevey. 

" Sprotbrough, January I2th. 

". . . We have had a great deal of very agreeable 
society, chiefly composed of the old ingredients of 
Grevilles, Levesons, Granvilles, Wortleys, Bentincks, 
&c. ; but they are now all flown the Grevilles to 
Welbeck, Ld. F. Leveson to Madrid, the Granvilles 
to other battues. . . . Lord F. Leveson's | going to 
Madrid has surprised everybody me among others 
who had seen them together for a length of time. 
People are inclined to think it a proof of perfect 
indifference on both sides, but at least certainly on 
his. The fact is that having, like few other young 
men, a great aversion to being idle, he applied to 
Canning for employment ; who, when this oppor- 
tunity occurred, offered it to him, and as it is a 
remarkably interesting expedition, Harriet J wd. not 
allow him to refuse it. He will be absent only six 

" Lord F. Conyngham's appointment gives great 
disgust, and I don't wonder at it. Lord Alvanley 
calls him Canningham. The King is quite delighted 
with his Secretary of State, and was seen the other 
day at the Pavilion walking about with his arm 
round Canning's neck. 

* Married Lord Howick (afterwards 3rd Earl Grey) in 1832. 
t Second son of ist Duke of Sutherland, created Earl of Ellesmere 
in 1833, married in 1822 Harriet, daughter of Charles Greville, Esq. 
I Lady Francis Leveson. 
Succeeded in 1824 as 2nd Marquess Conyngham. 


" Two of your friend Lady Oxford's daughters are 
going to be married Ly. Charlotte to a Mr. Bacon 
and Lady Fanny to a Mr. Cuthbert. The last is not 
so certain as the first, as somebody is to be asked for 
a consent, which I think it probable that most fathers, 
mothers and guardians would refuse. It must be a 
bad speculation to take a wife out of that school. 
Mr. Warrender* is going to marry Lady Julia Mait- 
land at last, and Sir George is to be very magnificent. 
. . . Your friend, Lady Glengall, is in London, giving 
ecarte parties every night to the great detriment of 
society in general, and annoyance of the young ladies 
in particular. If things should go on en empirant this 
spring, I prophesy a meeting among that much 
injured race. . . . The Beau f has been staying at the 
Pavilion : he is in the progress of telling charming 
stories of the Congress. 1 would give my ; ears to 
hear them. He is very much recovered, but looks 
older and thinner from his illness. I hear thro' a 
secret channel that Ly. Granville had a great deal to 
say in Lord Clanwilliam's getting the situation at 
Berlin. Mr. Canning's diplomatic dependents are 
amazed at such a thing having slipped through their 
fingers. It is certainly more disinterested than Lord 
F. C[onyngham]'s, and does him more credit in the 
eyes of the world. . . . Write, and tell me you are not 
bored to death by such a letter from a young lady." 

" Sprotbrough, Saturday, 1823. 


". . . The Taylors are still with us and we 
are within an ace of a schism about politics at least 
three times a day. Though I cordially agree with 
you about the Three Gentlemen of Verona, I cannot 
think your friend Mr. Brougham's speech prudent. 
At this time, when one must sincerely wish peace to 
be preserved in Europe, it has a most inflammatory 
tendency. I will not, however, dare to say a syllable 
about politics to you : a safer line of conduct for me 

* Succeeded his brother as 5th baronet of Lochend. 

t The Duke of Wellington, who, when Castlereagh committed 
suicide in 1822, had been appointed Plenipotentiary at the Congress 
of Verona. 

1823-24.] A YOUNG LADY'S LETTERS. 6l 

is to agree with Michael [Taylor]. I am painfully 
striving to inform myself about Spain, and have just 
read Blaquiere's book. Comme il fait de la prose. I 
never read so dull a book made out of so interesting 
a subject. Las Casas' book is the most delicious 
effusion of a sentimental old French twaddle that 
ever was read ; but as far as it goes appears to be 
very authentic. He paints Bonaparte in the brightest 
colours, and evidently leaves ^out all spots and dark 
shades, or softens and explains them away, so that 
nothing remains but the most admirable hero de roman 
that ever existed. ... I am in horror at the thought 
of the King's dying. In the first place (though I am 
no respecter of his), I think he does as well for us, or 
better than the Duke of York : secondo we should 
have a horrid radical Parliament chosen : terzo 
London wd. be spoilt this year. There speaks the young 
lady ! " 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Feby. 4, 1823. 

. ". . . Who should arrive at Brooks's last night 
fresh from Paris but Og King of Bashan?* You 
never saw a fellow in such a state of fury against 
Cochon.t He is for a declaration of war this very 
afternoon in his friend Canning's speech. He com- 
plains bitterly that we are none of us up to the true 
mark : that if we would but give Spam a lift now 
before the Russians and Prussians come to be 
quartered in France (which he is perfectly sure is part 
of the present plan) that the Bourbons wd. not be on 
their throne 3 months. . . ." 

" House of Commons, past 3. 

" Just heard the King's Speech, and upon my word 
the part about Spain is much better than I expected. 
I don't see what Brougham is to do with his amend- 
ment after it. The first sentence relating to Spain { 

* The 2nd Lord Kensington, 
t Louis XVI 1 1. 

$ " Faithful to the principles which his Majesty has promulgated to 
the world as constituting the rule of his conduct, his Majesty has 


is a regular spat on the face to the Villains of Verona, 
and the whole certainly more in favor of Spain than 
of France." 

" Feby. 5, Brooks's. 

". . . Well ! I had no difficulty in making Brougham 
prefer the King's speech last night to his own projected 
amendment, and to change his regrets into warm 
admiration. You will see, however, that he by no 
means abandoned his plan of castigation of the Royal 
and Imperial scoundrels of Verona. ... So faithful 
a picture of villains portrait after portrait was 
never produced by any artist before. If anything 
could add to the gratification the Allied Sovereigns 
must have received had they been present, it would 
be from the way in which our otherwise discordant 
fellows lapped up this truly British cordial like 
mother's milk. Peel could scarcely make himself 
heard, yet he went further than the Speech, and gave 
an unequivocal opinion in favor of Spain against 
France ; but Liverpool went still further, and shewed 
clearly that he is in earnest in trying to keep the 
peace that he thinks there is some little, little chance 
of it ; and further, he clearly thinks that if war is once 
begun, we shall not be able to keep out of it." 

" Brooks's, 1 4th Feb. 

"I dined here last night much more agreeably, 
tho' not so cheaply, with Thanet, Brougham, Kensing- 
ton, &c., &c. Every day's experience impresses me 
more strongly with the great superiority of Thanet 
over every politician that I see. He is gone to Paris 
this morning to add, as every one expects, 10,000 
more to his already great losses at play. And yet he 
seems perfectly convinced of his almost approaching 
beggary under all the overpowering difficulties in 
which land is now involved ! 

" Yesterday morning Lord Sefton drove me to the 
Freemason's Tavern, the great room of which is fitted 
up as a court for the tribunal which sits in judgment 

declined being a party to any proceedings at Verona which could be 
deemed an interference in the internal concerns of Spain on the part 
of foreign powers." 


upon Lord Portsmouth's sanity or insanity. Cer- 
tainly, never was a more disgraceful thing than the 
Chancellor's conduct on this occasion to put the 
property of the family to the expense of 40,000, 
which it is said it will undoubtedly cost, rather than 
decide this point himself, which every one who has 
seen Lord Portsmouth has long since decided.* . . . 

" The publick functionaries in Ireland are coming 
to close quarters. Wellesley has dismissed at a 
moment's warning Sir Charles Vernon, the Chamber- 
lain, and two others men who had held their situations 
about the Court for years. Their offence was dining 
at a Beefsteak Club last week, where Lord Chancellor 
Manners was likewise, and drinking as a toast : 
' Success to the export trade of Ireland, and may Lord 
Wellesley be the first article exported ! ' t . . 

"I never saw a fellow look more uncomfortable 
than Canning.J Independent of the difficulty of the 
times, he is surrounded by perfidy quite equal to his 
own. People in office are in loud and undisguised 
hostility to him : it may be heard at all corners of the 
streets. I never saw such a contrast as between the 
manners of ministerial men even to him, and what it 
used to be to Castlereagh. Business begins in earnest 
on Monday, and I must launch my ' supply ' on that 
or some early day, if my nerves are equal to it ; but I 
find them fail me more and more every day." 

"Brooks's, 2 ist Feby. 

". . . Well! we got into a fine mess the night 
before last upon our Joe's motion, but Canning did 
what he could for us by his ill-timed and unnecessary 
vehemence and violence. His own people already 
pronounce that his irritability must prove injurious 
to him, and the loss of Castlereagh's composure and 
good manners is deplored in a manner not very 
flattering to his successor." 

* The 3rd Earl of Portsmouth. The enquiry lasted 17 days, and 
the jury pronounced him to be insane. 

t The Marquess Wellesley was Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland at the 

J Who was now leader of the House of Commons. 

Joseph Hume. 


" 25th. 

". . . Yesterday I spent a very amusing hour with 
Sefton at the Opera House, seeing the maitre de ballet 
manoeuvre about 50 figurantes for the approaching new 
ballet of Alfred. . . . This done, we went to our own 
playhouse, where we saw ist a pas de trois between 
Wilson, Hobhouse and Canning, and then a pas dedeux 
between Brougham and Canning. . . . After the House 
I dined at Sefton's en fatnille, and to-day I would have 
you to know I dine with the Hereditary Earl Marshal 
of England, Premier Duke, &c., alias Barney, alias 
Scroope ! " 

"4th March. 

". . . I dined on Saturday at Lord King's : the 
party Duke and Duchess of Somerset ; Heber the 
Tory and classical member for Oxford ; George 
Phillips the patriotic and fasionable savant from 
Manchester; Sir Johnson,* a powdered beau of the 
first order and ci-devant Indian judge; Lord Clare, 
Lavallette Bruce, George Fortesue and Bennet. 
Was there ever such a hash ? However, the day, 
contrary to my expectation, was very well. I got on 
extreemly well with Mrs. Somerset.! You know she 
is the false devil who robbed her brother Archie of 
his birthright." 

Miss Maria Copley to Mr. Creevey. 

" Sprotbrough, March 6th, 1823. 

" Our friend the Beau does not think Ferdinand's 
life worth a long purchase after the French army enter 
Spain. He says that they the French will meet 
with no more resistance in marching to Madrid than 
he does in going to the Ordnance Office. Two inches 
of cold steel will do his business very shortly. . . . 
Lord Francis Leveson (at Madrid) is of the same 

* Sir John Johnson, Superintendent-General and Inspector- 
General of Indian affairs in British North America. 

t The first wife of the nth Duke of Somerset, Lady Charlotte 
Douglas-Hamilton, daughter of the Qth Duke of Hamilton. 

1823-24.] A YOUNG LADY'S LETTERS. 6$ 

opinion as to Ferdinand's prospect of a long reign. . . . 
I hope zve shall not interfere, as it must increase both 
our debt and our difficulties. . . . Pray what do they 
think at Michael's * of O'Meara ? I was malicious 
enough to talk of nothing but the Quarterly Review 
last time that I saw Mrs. Taylor, notwithstanding that 
she pertinaciously asserted that she had not read a 
line of it.f She made a determination not to believe 
one word of it till she saw those notes at Murray's, 
with a sight of which I assured her she might be 
gratified immediately. ... I am curious to see 
O'Meara's defence. How he is to exculpate himself 
from the many charges of double dealing baffles my 
poor imagination. He must be a sad, shuffling, dirty 

"A still more difficult riddle for me to solve is 
your friend Mr. Brougham. Why does he make such 
love to Canning? Why is he in none of your 
divisions? Why is he in astonishment at the small 
demand of Ministers ? Is it catalepsy ? All your 
good humour and civility make the debates very 
flat. . . . Allow me to set you right upon a point 
which nearly concerns the honour of my family. 
Heaven forbid that Miss Lemon should have a 
daughter. Her sister married a Sir Something 
Davy.J Another time be more cautious of taking 
away the credit of an unfortunate damsel by a stroke 
of your pen particularly in a letter to her cousin ! " 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 


" I send you herewith Brougham's dispatch which 
I received yesterday. I had charity enough for him 
not to shew it to any one but Sefton, and he quite 
agrees with me that he is mad. His lunacy, you may 

* Michael Angelo Taylor's. 

f Croker's article on O'Meara's book appeared in the Quarterly in 
February, 1823. At Mrs. Taylor's Whig and Radical salon O'Meara's 
narrative had been accepted as gospel, and Ministers were roundly 
execrated for the supposed oppressive treatment of their captive. 

$ Sir John Davie, 8th baronet of Greedy, Devon. 



plainly see, is to be in power. He cannot endure for 
a moment anything or any man he thinks can by 
possibility obstruct his march. He has himself entirely 
spiked his guns in the House of Commons; he has 
put it at Canning's feet, and then he is raving in the 
country that Hume should presume to open his mouth 
without his (Brougham's) permission." 

There is little apparent madness in Brougham's 
letter referred to above. On the contrary, it seems 
brimful of common sense, chiefly referring to a pro- 
jected attack on the Church of England by Joseph 
Hume, but it was not militant enough for Creevey. 

Henry Brougham, M.P., to Mr. Creevey [enclosed in 


" Durham, Saturday. 

". . . As to Joseph, I hope it may do good. 1 
know that things may with safety be brought on by 
him, which in any other man's hands wd. do harm. 
Therefore I always thought the attack on the Church 
was safer in his hands than in any others. But I fear he 
may throw away a great case, and (except your testimony) 
I see nothing in the other night's debate to change 
this opinion. Don't let us deceive ourselves. There 
are millions and among them very powerful and very 
respectable people who will go a certain way with 
us, but will be quite staggered by our going pell-mell 
at it. The people of this country are not prepared to 
give up the Church. For one I am certainly not ; 
and my reason is this. There is a vast mass of religion 
in the country, shaped in various forms and burn- 
ing with various degrees of heat from regular luke- 
warmness to Methodism. Some Church establishment 
this feeling must have; and I am quite clear that a much- 
reformed Ch. of Engd. is the safest form in which 
such an establishment can exist. It is a quiet and 
somewhat lazy Church : certainly not a persecuting 
one. Clip its wings of temporal power (which it 
unceasingly uses in behalf of a political slavery) * and 

* I.e. against Reform. 


its more glaring abuses, and you are far better 
off than with a fanatical Church and Dominion of 
Saints, like that of the i/th century; or no Church at 
all and a Dominion of Sects, like that of America. . . . 
The Irish case is a great and an extreme one, and by 
keeping it strictly on its own grounds and abstaining 
from any topics common to both Churches, a body blow 
may be given. But if any means are afforded to the 
Ch. and its friends here of making common cause with 
the Irish fellows, I fear you convert a most powerful 
case into an ordinary one, which must fall. ... I write 
this in court, and in some haste. Let me hear whether 
I am still in the wrong." 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"nth March. 

" I never told you that I caught the Beau one day 
last week just mounting his horse, so I went up and 
stopt him, and had a very hearty hand-shaking. ... I 
never saw a man's looks so altered. He is a perfect 
shadow, and as old looking as the ark. . . . There must 
have been an amusing scene between him and Slice * 
this day week in Ly. Salisbury's box at the Opera. 
Slice made a long oration to him against French 
aggression upon Spain, and ended with requiring to 
know Wellington's sentiments upon the probable 
result. The Beau contented himself by replying ' It 
won't succeed.' Slice would not be put off this way, 
and made a second harangue, ending with the same 
demand of an official opinion ; but our Beau again wd. 
not advance further than 'It won't succeed.' 

" i ;th. 

". . . Thanet has won 40,000 in one night at Paris. 
He broke the bank at the Salon twice : the question is 
will he bring any of this money home with him ? I 
take it for granted not" 

"April 1 8th. 

" You never saw such confusion and consternation 
as was produced in the Ministerial row by Burdett's 
speech [on Catholic emancipation]. ... In the midst 

* H.R.H, the Duke of Gloucester. 


of the debate arose that alarming episode between 
Brougham and Canning. . . . Brougham was laying 
about him upon Canning's ' truckling' to Eldon for 
his late admission into the Cabinet,* when the latter 
sprung up in the greatest fury saying THAT is 
FALSE ! ' Upon this we had the devil to pay for near 
an hour, and Wilson had at last the credit of settling 
it by a speech of very great merit, and to the satis- 
faction of all parties. Brougham, I think, was wrong 
to begin with ; he was speaking under the impression 
produced upon him by Canning's blackguard observa- 
tion to Folkestone the night before, viz. that ' if he had 
truckled to the Bourbons, as stated by Folkestone, at 
all events he would never truckle to him' Brougham 
was going on like a madman, but Canning was much 
worse in his rage, and in his violation of the rules 
of the House. . . . The House generally was decidedly 
against Canning, as it had been the night before upon 
his passion and low-lived tirade against Folkestone, 
saying ' he spoke with all the contortions of the Sibyl 
without her inspiration. 1 . . . In short, Cannhig's temper 
is playing the devil with him, as I always felt sure it 

"April 2 1 st. 

" On Saturday I dined at Harry Martin's, with the 
Admiral and his wife, Lord Erskine, old Alexander the 
Master in Chancery, &c., &c. Poor Erskine at last 
looks very old and forlorn, tho' his etherial spark is 
by no means extinct. Somebody was talking about 
old Cochon's t powers of eating, upon which Erskine 
said he wished 'the damned scoundrel wd. eat his 
words' . . . He talks for both Spaniards and Greeks 
with all the enthusiasm of youth. 


". . . Ward (John William) J met me in the street 
yesterday, and begged me, after all his estrangement 
from me, to turn about with him, as he wished much 
to have some talk; and so, as I declined, he turned 

* Implying that Canning, who had always advocated emancipation 
of the Catholics, had consented, as the price of his admission, not to 
press the question. 

t Louis XVIII.' 

t Created Earl of Dudley in 1827. 


about himself, putting his arm thro' mine ; and his dis- 
course was that the Government must be strangled 
that the Opposition, with the least management in the 
world, must destroy them that Peel was lower and 
lower every day, quite incompetent, and that Canning, 
with all his talents and superiority, had no support 
that Peel had all the Tories, and Canning no one of 
any party with him. A pleasant statement this to be 
made by a man who calls Canning his master, or at 
least who has called him so. ... Sefton and I were 
walking in the streets two days ago, when we saw my 
Lady Holland's carriage standing at a shop door ; so 
Sefton said ' Now's your time ! go and get it over. 1 
So I did : I put my head into the carriage as if nothing 
had happened shook hands and cracked my jokes as 
usual. ... So when I left her she squeezed Sefton's 
hand with the greatest tenderness and said ' Nothing 
could be better done ! ' . . . 

" Og * told me a story of the Duke of Buckingham 
which Canning had told him in confidence, and which 
ought to be preserved to perpetuate the base, intrigu- 
ing spirit 01 this genuine noble Grenville. . . . Upon 
Castlereagh's death this said Duke, altho' Canning and 
he had never been on very good terms, wrote the most 
nauseous complimentary letter to Canning, taking for 
granted the Grovernment would never let so distin- 
guished a statesman leave the country,t and urging 
him by all he owed to his country to accept the offer 
when made to him. Canning shewed this letter to 
Kensington at the time, convulsed with laughter at its 
style and mean contents. Not content with this, the 
Duke wrote another letter to Lord Morley, still more 
extravagant in Canning's praises, well knowing the 
latter was sure to see the letter, hoping Canning would 
not run any risque of serving his country by claims 
made for any of his friends, for that, when once 
Minister, all would be at his feet. 

" Well upon Canning's first interview with Lord 
Liverpool after his acceptance of office, the latter said 
'What is to become of India?' to which Canning 
replied it was an appointment to which he was quite 

* Lord Kensington. 

t Canning had been appointed Governor General of India. 


indifferent, the only object he had at heart being an 
arrangement for putting Huskisson in a high and 
responsible official situation. Upon which Liverpool 
said he knew the Speaker * was desirous of going to 
India, and if Canning would see and sound the 
Directors if they were agreeable to appoint him 
Governor General, then Wynne f might be placed in 
the chair and Huskisson have the Board of Controul. 
Canning accordingly saw the Directors, but tho' they 
were very desirous of Wynne being removed from the 
Board of Controul, as being perfectly inefficient, still 
they had the greatest possible objections to the Speaker 
as Governor General. However, Huskisson's appoint- 
ment was so very agreeable to them, that at a second 
conference they struck. Wynne, who hitherto had 
shown no reluctance to this arrangement, being now 
called upon for its execution, declared his fixed deter- 
mination not to give up the Board of Controul unless 
the Duke of Buckingham had that office, or was one of 
the Secretaries of State, and of course in the Cabinet. 
This claim being universally scouted, all was at an 

"May 3, 1823. 

"... I dined at Hughes' { on Thursday 17 or 18 
people crowded and dull as be damned. But then 
the footmen had such cloaths such rich laced waist- 
coatssuch beautiful new silk stockings and silver 
buckles ! . . . My Lord Lansdowne was affable be- 
yond measure yesterday. He has had a special 
messenger from Marshal Soult, offering him in the 
first instance, and before any one else, his Murillos, 
taken by him when in Spain, and only asking as the 
price of them one hundred thousand pounds ! My 
lord said Soult had shown them to him when he 
was last in Paris, and certainly they were the finest 
things ever seen great altar-pieces, &c. . . . I have 
been to look at the Queen's trial by Hayter, and 
never was 1 more disappointed a regular daub and 
yet I find myself singular in this opinion so far." 

* Charles Manners Sutton, created Viscount Canterbury in 1835, 
died in 1845. 

t The Right Hon. C. W. Williams Wynn. 

\ Mr. Hughes of Kinmel, afterwards created Lord Dinorben. 

1823-24.] SOCIAL SCHEMING. 71 

11 6th. 

"I really had a most agreeable dinner at Sam 
Whitbread's brewery on Saturday. We sat down 22, 
I think. Sam and William both behaved as well as 
could be. . . . The entertainment of the day to me 
was going over the brewery after dinner by gas- 
light. A stable brilliantly illuminated, containing 
ninety horses worth 50 or 60 guineas apiece upon an 
average, is a sight to be seen nowhere but in this 
' tight little island.' The beauty and amiability of 
the horses was quite affecting; such as were lying 
down we favored with sitting upon four or five of 
us upon a horse. . . ." 

" May 9th. 

". . . Yesterday I dined at Og's * his first great 
state dinner and new French cook, just imported; our 
company being Jockey of Norfolk,f Althorpe, Bennet, 
Lambton, Ferguson, Titchfield, my lady [Kensing- 
ton], two daughters and two sons, and I assure you 
we had a most jolly day of it. ... At night, Bennet 
and I went to Lady Derby's, and certainly an uglier 
set of old harridans I never beheld in all my life. . . . 
Humbug Leopold { and Bore Slice were there. 
Lady Sefton and I sat together to quiz the whole set, 
of which none were ever more worthy. To-day I 
dined at Lord King's, and there is the devil to do 
about Lady Jersey wanting to get Brougham not 
to dine there, but to dine with her to meet Prince 
d'Arenberg, who wants particularly to meet Brougham. 
The latter tells Lady Jersey that as Mrs. Brougham 
dines at Ld. King's, he can't let her go there alone; 
so 'Sister Sally' writes to Mrs. Brougham to beg 
as a particular favor that she will dine at Lady King's 
without Brougham. Mrs. B. replies upon Sally, in a 
dispatch of four sides of paper, that she can't presume 
to do so that she knows full well she never is asked 

* Lord Kensington's. 

f Referring to the I2th Duke under the nickname usually given to 
the nth Duke. 

$ Chosen King of the Belgians in 1831. 
H.R.H. the Duke of Gloucester. 


anywhere but on account of Mr. Brougham, and that 
she can't think of incurring the odium of going any- 
where without him. . . ." 

" roth May. 

". . . As I walked up to Lord King's door yester- 
day, up drove Brougham's carriage, and in it was 
Mrs. Brougham alone. So I handed her put, dressed 
like an interesting villager, all in white, with a wreath 
of roses round her temples, and she made Brougham's 
apologies to Lady King for unavoidable absence on 
account, of business; so it was all very well, and I 
complimented her upon her powers of face. I sat 
next to her at dinner, and her languishing was really 
beyond all bearing." 

"May 12. 

". . . Og has been down to Canning at Gloucester 
Lodge. . . . The object of his visit was to tender his 
son's resignation of his seat in Parliament, the said 
son having voted with Burdett on Tuesday, altho' his 
seat was given him by Canning. The latter said he 
had observed Edwardes go out in the division; but 
behaved very handsomely indeed about it said he 
was a young one and might think differently in 
future, and, in short, desired he might have his head 
and do as he liked for some time longer. But Og 
observed there was no chance of his mending, for 
that his mother was in his confidence, and he had 
entrusted to her his decided opinion against the 

" June 3rd. 

". . . My visit to Stoke Farm has been perfect. . . . 
As a place, it has no other merit than that of having 
Windsor Castle full in front of it, distant 3 miles. 
It is on a dead flat, if not in a hollow. It was Sefton's 
first residence 30 years ago, during which period he 
told me he had spent 40,000 on it, and he adds it 
may now be worth from 6,000 to 10,000. . . ." 


". . . On Monday, after dining at Sefton's, I went 
to Lady Jersey's. Her parties are not nearly so 
numerous as they used to be, and of course they are 

1823-24.] TITTLE-TATTLE. 73 

so much the worse, because they were never too 
crowded. . . . While I was talking to Ly. Jersey, 
Humbug Leopold interrupted us, so she sent me a 
message by her ' brother Brougham ' to come to her 
next Monday, and stay and be one of the supper 
click, which always terminates these evenings. . . . 
I suppose you know Ly. Elizabeth Conyngham's 
marriage with Lord Burford * is off. He became so 
unmannerly and cross that the lady sent him a letter 
of dismissal last Saturday. . . . Here is the town in 
a mutiny at the King giving Lord Salisbury's blue 
ribbon to Lord Bath, quite unknown to any of the 
Ministers. / am delighted, because Lord Bath is 
the man who said that if he had seen Bergami and 
the late Queen in bed together it would not alter his 
vote against the Bill that was to crush her." 

"July 1 8, 1823. 

"... I had really a charming day at Roehampton 
yesterday. It is quite a superb villa or house, with 
500 acres of beautiful ground about it, and all Rich- 
mond Park appearing to belong to it. What a con- 
trast between Lady Duncannon and her sister Lady 
Jersey ! The quietness and retiredness of the former. 
She seems, however, very merry and very happy with 
her nine white-haired children, some of them very 
pretty. ..." 

" Stoke Farm [Lord Sefton's], 2$th July. 

". . . My life here is a most agreeable one. I am 
much the earliest riser in the House, and have above 
two hours to dispose of before breakfast, which is at 
eleven o'clock or even later. Then I live with myself 
again till about 3, when the ladies and I ride for 3 
hours or so. ... We dine at past seven, and the 
critics would say not badly. We drink in great 
moderation walk out, all of us, before tea, and then 
crack jokes and fiddle till about i past 12 or i. . . . If 
you want any London scandal, there is a shop at 
present which is said to surpass what Devonshire 
House ever was. The receiving house is \erased~\ 
the principal ladies Mrs. F L , young Duchess 

* Afterwards gth Duke of St. Albans. 


of R , Lady E V , Lady C- P 

the men, young Lister, Geo. Anson, Francis 
Russell, &c., c." 

"nth Feb., 1824. 

"... I dined yesterday at Vesuvius Kinnaird's,* 
and such a mixture was never before got together 
Sir Francis Burdett and Sir Charles Flint, Lavelette 
Bruce, and Lord Fitzroy Somerset,! Mr. Creevey and 
Sir George Warrender and, what is more, the last 
two gentlemen sat next to each other to the great 
amusement of Ellice.J ... I cracked my jokes with 
such success that old Rat Warrender was compelled 
to ask me to drink wine with him, tho' he was in- 
fernally annoyed all the time, and made a most pre- 
cipitate retreat after dinner. But my delight was 
Lord Fitzroy Somerset. ... I never was more pleased 
with any one than I was with him during our conver- 
sation, which was of some length. . . ." 

" March i. 

". . . On Saturday I dined at Hume's, where I 
had the good fortune to sit between Mina and one of 
the Greek deputies. . . . Mina is my delight. Hob- 
house wanted to flatter him at the expense of Morillo, 
Abisbal and Ballisteros, but Mina would not touch it. 
.He spoke in high terms of the talents and courage of 
Morillo, and of the infinite difficulties all Spaniards 
were surrounded with. If ever I saw an honest man, 
he is one ; and then he is so hearty and likeable. . . . 
Yesterday I made my long owing visit at Holland 
House, and found my lord and my lady alone she 
with a bad cold, and he, of course, nursing her. My 
visit seemed to answer, and I am to dine and stay all 
night there on Sunday. Would you believe it ? Lady 
H. wd. not let Holland dine with Lord Lansdowne 

* Hon. Douglas Kinnaird, a banker in Westminster, 

t Created Lord Raglan in 1852. 

$ Sir George, originally a Whig, had become a supporter of the 
Government, and had quarrelled with Creevey about a taunting 
speech he (Creevey) had made in the House on the subject of " ratting." 

General Espoz y Mina, a distinguished Spanish soldier, com- 
manded a corps under Wellington in the Peninsular war. 

1823-24.] AT CROCKFORD'S. 75 

last week a dinner made purposely for Mina, merely 
because she thought it might not please the King if he 
heard of it ! Nor will she let Mina or any Spaniard 
approach Holland House for the same reason. Was 
there ever such a ? " 

"April 2. 

". . . In talking with Lady Derby about young 
Gill Heathcote's duel, she put me in mind that young 
Gill and Mrs. Johnson are cousins their two grand- 
mothers, Ly. Louisa Manners and Lady Jane Hally- 
day, having been sisters. So, as the Countess justly 
observed, after Gill had received Lord Brudenel's 
shot for maltreating his sister, he ought to have said 
' Now, my lord, I must beg you to receive my shot 
for your conduct to my cousin ! ' Damned fair, I think. 
. . . At night I am sorry to say I went with Lord 
Sefton into that famous, or rather infamous, salon in 
St. James's Street, where all the world at present 
assembles. It far surpasses the salon at Paris in 
splendor, tho' nothing like so large nor so agreeable. 
To me it appears inevitable that all the young ones 
must be ruined there. I found Sir Colin Campbell at 
the hazard table, young Lord William Lennox, Lord 
Bury and various others whom I knew all in the 
face of day no concealment, but in the great and 
principal apartment of the house. . . . On Sunday, 
Sefton and I go to hear Irving,* and I am engaged to 
dine with him, altho' Sussex has since asked me to 
dine with him to meet Mina." 

"May 12. 

". . . A piece of news in the fashionable world 
which has been referred to in the papers is the 

separation of Henry B from his wife. She has 

long been known to be a ' neat un/ but her vagaries at 
Paris were so undisguised that some friend wrote and 
advertised her husband of it here, and he, to justify 
himself before proceeding to extremities, took to 
breaking open her boxes in pursuit of evidence 
against her. In one of these he is said to have found 
20 locks of hair, with a label on each containing the 
name of the lover to whom it belonged, such as ' dear 

* Edward Irving, the famous Scottish preacher. 


John Warrender's.' So having collected his trophies 
of this kind, with letters equally instructive, he sallied 
forth to meet her return, and Rochester was the place 
they came together. Here, upon her giving her 
solemn word of honor that all the children but one 
were his, he banished her and the one from his sight 
for ever, and has taken all the other children from her. 
She is a Yankee by birth and origin : her husband is 
a notorious gambler, for whom nobody seems to care 
a damn. 

"Another slip is Mrs. Alderman C with our 

tragedian, Kean. . . . He has been at his letters too, 
one of which to the lady was intercepted by the alder- 
man, and begun 'You dear imprudent little .' 

Can anything be more soft or romantic ? . . . 

" I don't know whether you noticed that Edward 
Stanley * made a regular attack upon Hume, defended 
the Church, and eventually voted against Hume and 
our people, as did his father.! You may well suppose 
this heresy was mightily extolled by the enemy. . . . 
Lord Derby has been made really ill by it." 

" 4th May. 

". . . I told you of my dinner with King Tom,}: 
and of my satisfaction with the Crown Prince. The 
latter is really like a young Newfoundland puppy 
quite as strong, intelligent and good-natured. . . . 
At night, Coke was to take me to the honble. House ; 
but ... we first looked in at Brooks's, where we 
found that the whole concern had been knocked up by 
the Balloon ! So rnany members had run out to see it 
that Alderman Kit Smith, a furious enemy of the 
Saints, call'd for the House to be counted. . . . Not 
forty had remained in it, so all was over! Sefton's 
delight in the mischief was unbounded. Brougham 
had been in bed most of the day on purpose, and had 
ordered himself to be called at 5 so as to be quite fresh 
for his reply. Wilberforce had given all his serious 

* Afterwards I4th Earl of Derby. 

t Lord Stanley, afterwards I3th Earl of Derby. The Stanleys 
hitherto had been consistent Whigs. 

$ Mr. Coke of Holkham, created Earl of Leicester in 1837. 
The present Earl of Leicester, born in 1822. 

1823-24.] ROYAL ASCOT. 77 

acquaintance notice that he meant to take leave of 
publick life in his speech on this occasion,* so that 
every hole and corner was crammed with saints and 
missionaries in expectation of this great event; when, 
lo and behold! this wicked aeronaut proved more 
attractive to the giddy Council of the Nation." 

" June 1 8, Stoke Farm. 

". . . Our course for the last three days has been 
to breakfast punctually at 10, to start for Ascot about 
n, not to be home again before 6, and after dinner to 
be engaged in gambles of one kind or another with 
cards till one or later. . . , Our old acquaintance 
Prinney was at the races each day, and tho in health 
he appeared perfect, he has all the appearance of a 
slang leg a plain brown hat, black cravat, scratch 
wig, and his hat cocked over one eye. There he 
sat, in one corner of his stand, Lady Conyngham 
rather behind him, hardly visible but by her feathers. 
He had the same limited set of jips about him each 
day, and arrived and departed in private. I must say 
he cut the lowest figure ; and the real noblesse Whig 
and Tory were with his brother York." 

"June 19. 

". . . I wish I could sufficiently condense the facts 
of an affair which now forms the pre-eminent subject 
of conversation in the beau monae. The parties are 

P G and Lady G . The latter has been 

parted some time from her husband, and P has 

been the lover of the lady. It seems that Mrs. Peter 
Free, the sister of Lady G , has long been press- 
ing her to discard P as quite unworthy of her, 

and in the end she succeeded; so that one fine 
day our heroine sets forth in all the consciousness 
of virtuous triumph to carry to her sister, not only 
the vicious correspondence which had passed be- 
tween her and her lover, but a copy of the letter 

which she had written and sent to P , closing 

all intercourse with him for ever. By some secret 

* The occasion was an adjourned debate on Brougham's motion 
for an enquiry into the trial by court-martial of an English missionary 
in Demerara. 


management of the Devil, no doubt, the lady was 
tempted by him in the shape of a gown to go into 
a shop ; and, having deposited and left upon the 
counter her ridicule [reticule], the aforesaid Enemy of 
man and womankind had the address to have it con- 
veyed to the house of Sir B , who opened and 

examined its contents. You have of course antici- 
pated that the fatal correspondence was enclosed in 
it, which he has been kind enough to shew to a pretty 
numerous circle of his friends. Tom Buncombe tells 
me he has seen every letter. The parties correspond 
under the imposing signatures of Jupiter and Juno. 

. . . The principal novelty to Sir B is a child 

which the lady has born to P , which is receiving 

its nourishment and education in the New Road. It 

is the conduct of P to this interesting infant 

which constitutes the lady's grounds for abandoning 
him for ever. It seems the child had lately suffered 
severely in cutting a tooth an event which agitated 

its mother extreamly, but which P- is alleged to 

have witnessed with the most stoical indifference ; so 
much so, that she is very naturally led to contrast his 
conduct with that of his friend De Ros,* who actually 
wept over the child ; and, what is more, has promised 
to provide for it by his will. It is this last anecdote 
which peculiarly delights the town, De Rps being 
one of the cleverest and most hardened villains in 
it. . . ." 

" June 22nd. 

". . . We are all full of a battle that is to take place 
in the H. of Lords between the Duke of York and our 
Scroop.t Lord Holland has brought in a bill to 
enable Scroop, tho' a Catholic, to officiate in future as 
Earl Marshal. It was read a 2nd time on Saturday, 
tho' the Duke of York and old Eldon were in the 
minority; but since then the D. of York has become 
perfectly furious, and has written to every peer he 
knows, calling upon him to come and protect the 
Crown against the insidious Scroop. We had a jolly 
day enough at Whitehall on Saturday, altho' I never 

* The I9th Baron de Ros. 
t The 1 2th Duke of Norfolk. 

1823-24-] NEWMARKET. 79 

see Sydney Smith without thinking him too much of 
a buffoon.' 

" 25th June. 

" I dined last night at Lord Carnarvon's, where by 
comparison for amusement Bedlam* decidedly kept 
the lead, altho' our company were no other than the 
Dukes of Sussex and Leinster, Marquis Downshire, 
Earls Grey, Jersey, Darnley, Cowper and Rosslyn, 
Lords King, Ellenborough and John Russell, and last 
and least Messrs. Brougham and Creevey. Carnarvon 
never uttered, and little Sussex very justly whispered 
to me as we came away that 'it had been a melancholy 
day.' . . . Grey, Rosslyn, Cowper and Jersey went full 
fig from Carnarvon's to the Beau's, to meet the King 
who dined there, and Grey says to-day cut him most 
clearly and decidedly. . . ." 

"15 July. 

". . . We had beautiful weather at Newmarket. . . . 
Sefton has a capital house, and, according to custom, 
his dinners were admirably arranged. Tavistock, Lord 
Jersey, Punch Greville t and Shelley dined there each 
day, and on Tuesday the Duke of Grafton and the 
Duke of York. I had never seen the latter in this sort 
of way before, and was extreamly entertained. He is 
the very image of the late Lord Petre ; perhaps not 
quite so clever, and certainly not so polite in short, a 
very civil and apparently most good-tempered idiot, 
without any manners at all. Shelley played the fool 
in patronising him and shewing him off, and Punch 
Greville disgraced himself by hunching him ; but he 
took both in the same good humor, and we all drank 
freely in compliment to the royal guest. . . ." 

" Cantley, nr. Doncaster [Michael Taylor, M.P.'s], Sept. 7th. 
"... I had a most prosperous journey down here. 
There never was such perfection of travelling. I left 
London at past 8 on Friday morning, and, without an 

* He had paid a visit that morning to the new Bedlam, south of 
Westminster Bridge. 

t Charles Cavendish Fulke Greville [1794-1865], Clerk of the 
Council and political diarist. 


effort, and in a coach loaded with luggage, I was at 
Doncaster by 5 the following morning a distance of 
1 60 miles! . . . Lady Anson goes to town next week 
to be present at the wedding of her niece, the pretty 
'Aurora' ' Light of Day' Miss Digby . . . who is 
going to be married to Lord Ellenborough. ... It 
was Miss Russell who refused Ld. Ellenborough, as 
many others besides are said to have done. Lady 
Anspn will have it that he was a very good husband 
to his first wife, but all my impressions are that he is 
a damned fellow." * 

" Cantley [Doncaster Races], 24th Sept. 
". . . George Payne's loss (in bets) turns out to be 
21,000 and not 25,000 as I had been told when I 
wrote to you on Monday. The 4000 saved is better 
than nothing, but the whole thing is damnable. ... If 
one could suppose such a knockdown blow wd. cure 
him, it might turn out to be money well laid out ; but 
I fear that is hopeless. He says he shall keep to 
hunting in future and cut the turf. . . . Lady London- 
derry is the great shew of the balls here in her jewels, 
which are out of all question the finest I ever beheld 
such immense amethysts and emeralds, &c. Poor 
Mrs. Carnac, who had a regular haystack of diamonds 
last night, was really nothing by the side of the other, 
tho' in beauty the two ladies are very fairly matched. 
Such a dumpy, rum-shaped and rum-faced article as 
Lady Londonderry one can rarely see. ..." 

" Lambton, Oct. 20. 

"... I got here on Monday night, the company 
being at dinner, and in the second course. However 
King Jog, hearing I was arrived, left his throne, and 
came out, and took me in with him. I found nearer 
30 than 20 people there, in a very long and lofty 
apartment the roof highly collegiate, from which hung 
the massive chandeliers the curtain drapery of dark- 
coloured velvet, profusely fringed with gold, and much 
resembling palls. The company, sitting at a long and 

* This marriage turned out badly, and was dissolved by Act of 
Parliament in 1830. " Aurora " consoled herself by three subsequent 
marriages, and died at Damascus in 1881. 

1823-24.] A VISIT TO LAMBTON. 8l 

narrowish table, never uttered a single, solitary sound 
for long and long after I was there ; so that it really 
might have been the family vault of the Lambtons, and 
the company the male and female Lambtons who had 
been buried in their best cloaths and in a sitting 
position. Grey and Ly. Elizabeth and Lord Howick 
are here, the Milbanks, the Wiltons and Bob Grosvenor, 
the Cavendishes and Henry and his wife, the Dundas's, 
the Normanbys, Mr. Hobhouse, Sir Hedworth William- 
son, young Liddel, Mat Ridley, {illegible] three deep, 
Capt. Berkley and other captains and majors who ride 
at our races, not omitting John Mills. To-day, too, 
my Lord and Lady Londonderry, with Sir Something 
and Lady Something Gresley,* come. The place is 
really a fine one, considering how confined it is by 
coal-pits and smoke, and part of the house quite 
unrivalled. . . . The capricious young tyrant and 
devil f is all graciosity to myself. . . . Mrs. Taylor 
had caught fresh cold before I left Cantley, so that she 
was bled on Sunday morning and fainted away. . . . 
We'll go to our races of to-day. Grey had over and 
over again expressed to me his nervousness about 14 
or 15 of these young men starting for the Cup; the 
course being very slippery and not wide enough for 
such a number. You may judge, then, what cause 
there was for his apprehension when three horses out 
of the number came in without their riders. . . . Lady 
Wilton was standing up as white as a sheet, whilst 
Lady Augusta Milbank fell to the bottom of the coach 
as if she had been shot. Just then, however, the 
good-natured Mat Ridley came galloping up with all 
his might and main to announce that all was safe. . . . 
Milbank is the only one hurt ... he has been bled, 
and is somewhat bruised. . . . Well all being over, 
we came home and dined pretty punctually at seven 
and such a dinner I defy any human being to fancy for 
such an occasion. ... I handed Mrs. Dundas out 
(Miss Williamson that was) and a pretty good laugh 
I had out of her at pur fare. A round of beef at a side 
table was run at with as much keenness as a banker's 
shop before a stoppage. . . . Was there ever such an 

* Sir Roger and Lady Sophia Gresley. 
t Mr. Lambton. 


instance of derangement, with all this expense in other 
subjects and all his means ? I have just been saying 
to Mills that it is a low Crockford's, and he admits it 
is so ; but he adds that it is certainly better than last 
year, for then there was no beef at the side table, but 
only a sucking-pig! Oh dear, oh dear! it is a neat 
concern : and yet the comfort of these rooms is beyond. 
I have got my book I was in search of, and his civility 
about it makes me almost ashamed of thinking him 
such a stingy, swindling, tyrannical kip as he cer- 
tainly is. 

" Well, as to kips, I think this Lord Wilton * must 
certainly be a decided one. He has the worst counte- 
nance, I think, I ever saw, and he appears a sulky, 
selfish chap : but she seems very happy . . . and there 
is a great charm in all she does. . . ." " 

" Lambton, 23rd Sept. 

"... A very large division of us have got to quiz 
the whole concern of dinner, so that we really have a 
very jolly time. King Jog himself still sits silent and 
involved in thought. . . . We are really very much 
indebted to these grandees for the damned fools they 
make of themselves. Let me present you with a few 
particulars. . . . The night before last, between 12 and 
i, I being in the library where the same cold fowl 
always is with wine and water, Lambton came in out 
of the hazard room, and, finding no water, begun 
belabouring the bell in a way that I thought must 
inevitably have brought the whole concern down. No 
effect was produced, so he sallied forth, evidently 
boiling, and when he returned he said: ' I don't think 
I shall have to ring so long another time.' This is all 
I know of my own knowledge ; but, says Lady Augusta 
Milbank to me yesterday 'Do you know what 
happened last night?' 'Du tout,' says I. 'Why, 
says she, 'Mr. Lambton rung the bell for water so 
long, that he went and rung the house bell, when his 
own man came; and upon saying something in his 
own justification which displeased the Monarch, he 
laid hold of a stick and struck him twice ; upon which 

* The 3rd Earl of Wilton, a renowned character in the chase and 
on the turf. 


his man told him he could not stand that, and that if 
he did it again he should be obliged to knock him 
down. So the master held his hand and the man gave 
him notice he had done with him. . . . 

" Lady has two maids here one French and 

the other Italian, the latter of which presides over 
the bonnet department. [Follows a story about 
the Italian.] ... So much for the Italian maid, and 
now for the French one. Mrs. William Lambton 
was going along a passage near her ladyship's room 
between 1.2 and i this morning, when she found la 
petite on the floor crying bitterly, and upon enquiring 
the cause, she said my lady had beat her so : upon 
which Mrs. W. Lambton sent her maid to her with 
some sal volatile, and just as she was administering it, 

my lord came out and would not let her have 

it, saying she did not deserve it and that she was 
shamming. Now I should be glad to know if there 
was ever ! You never saw any one enjoy these things 
more than Grey, except indeed Lady Wilton. What 
a good thing she will make of it all for little Derby 
and the Countess ! " 

" Lambton, Oct. 24th. 

". . . I think I never saw Grey to greater advantage, 
nor Lady Louisa to so much. As for Lady Elizabeth, 
you never saw a creature so thin or altered in looks. . . . 
The other night Ly. Wilton, she, Hobhouse, Mills and 
I had a jaw about life, youth and age. Ly. Elizth. 
was all for childhood that she shd. never be so happy 
again, and that if it was not for her friends, she would 
as soon die as live. This may be Grey gloom, but I 
am afraid it must be the behaviour of Lord Lothian." 

"Croxteth, Nov. 10, 1824. 

"... I left FitzClarence at Gosforth and continue 
to like him as well as ever. Ly. Sefton says he is out 
and out the best of the family. . . . Tho' shy, he is not 
without the ingenuousness of the family. He said the 
King was getting very old and cross that the Duchess 
of Clarence was the best and most charming woman in 
the world that Prince Leopold was a damned humbug, 
and that he [FitzClarence] disliked the Duchess of 



DOMESTIC politics were in an uneventful stage in the 
fifth year of George IV. Ten years of peace had told 
their tale upon the resources of the United Kingdom ; 
the mineral and textile industries were fully employed, 
and were developing apace ; even farmers had ceased 
to have cause for complaint, if the Annual Register may 
be taken as well informed, for "agricultural distress 
had disappeared," according to that authority, which 
is scarcely to be reconciled with Lord Sefton's 
account of affairs in Lancashire. Mr. Creevey's 
letters are chiefly filled with descriptions of the various 
country houses which he visited, and of their inmates. 
January finds him north of the Tweed, paying a visit 
to his friend Mr. Ferguson of Raith. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Raith, i8th January, 1825. 

". . . On Sunday I went to Kirk to hear the great 
luminary of this county, Dr. Chalmers,* Professor of 
Huma-nity at Glasgow, and an author upon many 
subjects. He dined here on Saturday, and was treated 
as a regular Jeroboam. His appearance on that day 
was that of a very quiet, good kind of man, with very 
dirty hands and nails ; but on Sunday I never beheld 
a fitter subject for Bedlam than he was. . . . The stuff 
the fellow preached could only be surpassed by his 

* In 1823 he was Professor of Moral Philosophy in St. Andrews, 
but in 1824 he was transferred to the chair of Theology in Edinburgh. 


manner of roaring it out. I expected he would have 
carried the poor Kirkcaldy pulpit clean away. Then 
his Scotch too! His sermon was to prove that the 
manner of doing a kindness was more valuable than 
the matter, in support of which I remember two notable 
illustrations. ' If/ said he, ' you suppose a fa-mily to 
be suddenly veesited with the ca-la-mity of po-verty, 
the tear of a menial the fallen countenance of a 
domestick in such cases will afford greater relief to 
the fa-mily than a speceefick sum of money without a 
corresponding sympathy.' A pretty good start, was 
it not for Scotland, too, of all places in the world! 
but it was followed by a still higher flight. 'Why,' 
said he, or rather shouted he, ' Why is it that an pple 
presented by an infant to its parent produces greater 
pleesure than an pple found by the raud-side ? Why, 
because it is the moral influence of the geft, and not 
the speceefick quality of the ^pple that in this case 
constitutes the pleesure of the parent.' Now what 
think you of the tip-top showman of all Scotland ? . . . 
" Having heard that the London artist Irving had 
formerly to do with Kirkcaldy, I asked Fergus and he 
replied ' Oh yes : he kept an aca-demy for youth at 
Kirkcaldy and was the greatest tyrant of a dominie that 
ever I hard of. He had three different indictments 
found against him for beating his pupils.' 'Oh!' said 
I, 'you joke.' 'No,' replied Fergus, 'I never made a 
joke in my life. I have seen, with my own eyes, his 
pupils carried home, from his having bruised them so 
unmercifully; and the truth is, I canno bear to hear 
his name mentioned.' The said Fergus is a man of 
70 years of age at least, and Provost of Kirkcaldy. 
Is it not a capital account of the London charmer to 
whom the fine ladies, Jemmy McKintosh, and Canning, 
and anybody else of any fame, fly in all directions ? " 

Lord Thanet's death at this time seriously affected 
Mr. Creevey's position in Parliament as member for 
Appleby, which seat was in the deceased lord's gift. 
By the custom of the unreformed Parliament he felt 
bound to resign the seat if called on to do so by his 
lordship's successor. 


Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Raith, Feby. 6th, 1825. 

". . . Soyez tranquille as to Parliament as to my 
having a seat in it, I mean. You have already my 
mind on this subject . . . particularly as to the value 
to one's feelings of- not being turned out on a notice 
or by the intrigues of Ly. Holland, Ly. Blessington, 
&c., &c. . . . The death of poor Thanet makes a great 
difference in my feelings as to parliamentary attend- 
ance. It was due to him to be at my post ; I feel no 
such obligation to the present earl or my dear con- 
stituents. . . ." 

" Raby Castle [Earl of Darlington's], Feb. i6th, 1825. 
". . . This house is itself by far the most magnificent 
and unique in several ways that I have ever seen. 
Then what are we to say of its being presided over by a 
poplolly ! ! a magnificent woman, dressed to perfection, 
without a vestige of her former habits in short, in 
manners as produceable a countess as the best blood 
could give you. . . . As long as I have heard of any- 
thing, I have heard of being driven into the hall of 
this house in one's carriage, and being set down by 
the fire. You can have no idea of the magnificent 
perfection with which this is accomplished. Then the 
band of musick which plays in this same hall during 
dinner! then the gold plate!! and then the poplolly 
at the head of all!!!"* 

" Raby, 2oth Feby. 

". . . My lady [Darlington] drove me about and 
shewed me many lions I had not seen before. I am 
compelled to admit that, in the familiarity of a duet 
and outing, the cloven foot appeared I don't mean 
more than that tendency to slang, which I conceive it 
impossible for any person who has been long in the 
ranks entirely to get over.f To be sure when I 

* The 3rd Earl of Darlington was created Duke of Cleveland in 
1833. B y his second wife, alluded to above, who died in 1861, he had 
no children. 

t It requires an effort to realise how very recent is the toleration of 
slang in ladies of position. Men, as is amply manifest in Mr. Creevey's 
correspondence, permitted themselves to use language of the utmost 

1825-26.] THE BIRTH OF RAILWAYS. 87 

look at these three young women,* and at this 
brazen-faced Pop who is placed over them, and shews 
that she is so, the whole transaction I mean the 
marriage, appears to me the wickedest thing I ever 
heard of; for altho* these young ladies appear to be 
gifted with no great talents, and altho' they have all 
more or less of the quality squall, yet their manners 
are particularly correct and modest. . . ." 

" London, March 7th. 

"... I wish you could hear Atty Hill's t imitation 
of old Dowr. Richmond upon the marriage that is 
about to take place between Mrs. Tighe's eldest son 
and a young Lady [Louisa] Lennox. The Down had 
fixed her mind upon having Lord Hervey, which was 
more than he did, so Tighe and the young one 
settled their affairs. . . ." 

At this time may be noted the earliest appear- 
ance in Parliament of the great railway movement. 
Mr. Creevey was appointed a member of the Com- 
mittee to deal with the Bill of the Liverpool and Man- 
chester Railway Company, to which, it would appear, 
he applied himself in no judicial frame of mind. He 
acted openly in the interests of his friends Lords 
Derby and Sefton, who, like most territorial magnates 
at that time, viewed the designs of railway engineers 
with the utmost apprehension and abhorrence. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"London, March 16, 1825. 

". . . Sefton and I have come to the conclusion 
that our Ferguson is insane. He quite foamed at the 
mouth with rage in our Railway Committee in support 
of this infernal nuisance the loco-motive Monster, 

licence ; but, if swearing was reckoned a grace in male conversation, 
slang was pronounced a disgrace among ladies. 

* Lord Darlington's daughters. 

t Lord Arthur Hill, second son of 2nd Marquess of Downshire, 
succeeded his mother as Baron Sandys. 


carrying eighty tons of goods, and navigated by a tail 
of smoke and sulphur, coming thro' every man's 
grounds between Manchester and Liverpool. He 
was supported by Scotchmen only, except a son of 
Sir Robert Peel's, and against every landed gentle- 
man of the county his own particular friends, who 
were all present, such as Ld. Stanley, Ld. Sefton, 
Ld. Geo. Cavendish, &c." 

"25th March. 

"... I get daily more interested about this rail- 
road on its own grounds, to begin with, and the 
infernal, impudent, lying jobbing by its promoters. . . ." 

"3 ist May. 

". . . This railway is the devil's own from 12 till 
4 daily is really too much. We very near did the 
business to-day ; we were 36 to 37 on the Bill itself. I 
led for the Opposition in a speech of half an hour. . . ." 

"June I. 

". . Well this devil of a railway is strangled at 
last. 1 was sure that yesterday's division had put him 
on his last legs, and to-day we had a clear majority in 
the Committee in our favour, and the promoters of the 
Bill withdrew it, and took their leave of us. ... We 
had to fight this long battle against an almost universal 
prejudice to start with interested shareholders and 
perfidious Whigs, several of whom affected to oppose 
us upon conscientious scruples. Sefton's ecstacies are 
beyond, and he is pleased to say it has been all my 
doing; so it's all mighty well." 


". . . Another charming day we had [at Ascot]. 
Prinney came as before, bowling along the course in 
his carriage and four. In passing the young Duchess 
of Richmond's open landau he played off his nods and 
winks and kissing his hand, just as he did to all of you 
20 years ago on the Brighton racecourse. . . . Lords 
Cowper and Jersey joined our sandwich party. ... As 
Cowper was an inmate of the Court, I inquired as to 
their goings on, and how the King lived. ' Why,' said 
he, 'yesterday I think we sat down about 24 or 25 to 
dinner at i past 7, and the King ate very heartily of 


turtle, accompanying it with punch, sherry and cham- 
paign. The dinner always lasts a very long time, and 
yesterday we sat very late after it. The King was in 
deep conversation with Lauderdale, and I think must 
have drunk a couple of bottles of claret before we rose 
from table.' . . . He had prepared for the week by 
having 12 oz. of blood taken from him by cupping on 
the Monday. Nevertheless, we all think he will beat 
brother York still. It was not amiss to hear bold 
York congratulating Sefton and the Countess upon 
their victory ' over the railway. . . . 

" Our dinner at Bruffam's yesterday was damnable 
in cookery, comfort, and everything else, tho' the dear 
Countess of Darlington was there, better dressed and 
looking better than any countess in London. Mrs. 
Brougham sat like an overgrown doll at the top of 
the table in a bandeau of roses, her face in a perpetual 
simper without utterance. Bruffam, at the other end, 
was jawing about nothing from beginning to end, 
without attending to any one, and only caring about 
hearing himself talk. The company were the Dar- 
lingtons and Ly. Arabella, the Taylors, Dr. and Mrs. 
Lushington, Lord Nugent, Anacreon Moore, a son of 
Rosslyn's, a brother of Brougham's, and myself." 

"June 25th. 

"... There has been a blow-up again between 
Prinney and Ly. Conyngham, but matters are all settled 
again thro' the kind and skilful negociation of Lau- 
derdale. She has become of late very restless and 
impatient under what she calls her terrible restraint 
and confinement, and about 10 days ago announced 
her fixed determination to go abroad. . . . Lauderdale, 
however, has satisfied her for the present that, how- 
ever blameable it was in her at first to get into her 
present situation, now it is her bounden duty to sub- 
mit and go thro' with it." 

Busy intrigues were afoot at this time about seats 
in Parliament. Brougham was negociating secretly 
.with various noble lords in order to get his friends 
in; and although his correspondence with Creevey 
was as cordial in appearance as heretofore yet 


Creevey was duly informed by kind friends what was 
going on. He deeply resented what he considered 
Brougham's treachery in trying to oust him from his 
seat, and wrote with great bitterness and frequency 
about the villainy of " Wicked Shifts." Lord Darling- 
ton had five seats to dispose of. 

M. A. Taylor, M.P., to Sir Robert Wilson. 

"Cantley, nth Sept. 

". . . All my accustomed correspondents are 
absent from town ; I therefore have nothing from the 
great emporium of news. While Canning is viewing 
the scenery of the Lakes, and the King is fishing in a 
punt upon Virginia Water, I am bound to suppose 
there is no tempest upon the political ocean. I wish 
that Ferdinand [King of Spain] was hanged Roths- 
child, Baring and all the gambling crew in the Gazette 
the Sultan driven forth from Constantinople his 
wives and concubines let loose that balloons were 
actual and safe conveyances, and that I had a villa in 
the Thracian Bosphorus. . . ." 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Cantley, 21 Sept. 1825. 

"... Mrs. Taylor has had an interview with the 
Countess [of Darlington] upon my case. She said she 
now spoke with Lord Darlington's authority that 
what she said must be considered as coming from 
himself. It was, therefore, matter of deep regret to 
him that Mrs. Taylor had not mentioned Mr. Creevey's 
case till his Parliamentary arrangements were all made, 
which unfortunately they now were, and that all that 
remained for him now to say was that the first vacancy 
which happened in any seat of his, Mr. Creevey should 
have it, and that he never should be without one. 
Now ; altho' reversionary prospects for a gentleman 
in his 58th year are no very brilliant matters, yet I think 
it is all mighty well . . . and as she has once taken 
me and my concerns into her holy keeping, when we 
come to cement the connection with a few gambols at 


Raby, she may perhaps open the Earl's eyes to an 
interest in some borough which he never thought of 
before. . . . We were 23 at dinner to-day, to say 
nothing of a buck from Ld. Tankerville, another from 
Lambton, a third from Ld. Darlington, half a one from 
Lord Fitzwilliam, another half from Ld. Tavistock ; 
not to mention a turtle also a present, and pines 
without end." 

" Cantley, Sept. 29. 

". . . What a devil of a good hand Mrs. Taylor is for 
living in a storm . . . She was evidently much pleased 
with her grandee of a niece * taking the amiable and 
dutiful line to her aunt as she did. . . . There are 
usually only three balls, but, as Lady Londonderry 
justly observed to Mrs. Taylor, that it must be very 
dull for people to stay at home in their lodgings on the 
Tuesday and Thursday evenings, she got up publick 
balls for these nights also, and at all five balls she 
[Lady Londonderry] was there the first and went 
away the last . . . and the result was every one was 
charmed with her. ..." 

Despite the evil impression Creevey had received 
upon his first visit to Lambton, he returned there for 
the races in the following year. His report thereon 
to Miss Ord contains, as usual, some curious particu- 
lars of the menage. 

" Lambton, 24th Oct., 1825. 

"... Altho' our King Jog did receive me so 
graciously yesterday . . . the sunshine was of very 

limited duration. You must know by a new ordinance 
livery servants are proscribed the dining-room ; so our 
Michael and Frances [Taylor] were none the better 
for their two Cantley footmen, and this was the case 
too with Mrs. General Grey, whom I handed out to 
dinner. . . . Soup was handed round from where, 
God knows ; but before Lambton stood a dish with 
one small haddock and three small whitings in it, 
which he instantly ordered off the table, to avoid the 

* The Marchioness of Londonderry, a very great lady indeed, who 
was staying at Cantley with her aunt, Mrs. Taylor, for Doncaster races. 


trouble of helping. Mrs. Grey and myself were at 
least ten minutes without any prospect of getting any 
servant to attend to us, altho' I made repeated applica- 
tion to Lambton, who was all this time eating his own 
fish as comfortably as could be. So my blood begin- 
ning to boil, I said : ' Lambton, I wish you would tell 
me what quarter I am to apply to for some fish.' To 
which he replied in the most impertinent manner: 
' The servant, I suppose.' I turned to Mills and said 
pretty loud : ' Now, if it was not for the fuss and 
jaw of the thing, I would leave the room and the 
house this instant'; and I dwelt on the damned out- 
rage. Mills said: ' He hears every word you say'; 
to which I said : ' I hope he does.' ... It was a 
regular scene. . . ." 

" Nov. 3, Newton House [Earl of Darlington's]. 
". . . In taking leave of Lambton, let me observe 
once for all that nothing could be better than Lady 
Louisa,* in her quiet way, to everybody. In every 
respect and upon all occasions she is a very sensible, 
discreet person. . . . Nothing on earth can be more 
natural and comfortable than we all are here. The 
size of the house, as well as of the party, makes it 
more of a domestic concern than it is at Raby, and 
both he and she shine excessively in this point of 
view. As for her [Lady Darlington] I consider her a 
miracle. To see a ' bould face ' turn into a countess, 
living in this beautiful house of her own, and never to 
shew the slightest sign of being set up, is so unlike 
all others of the kind I have seen, that she must be a 
very sensible woman. Then she is so clean, and she 
is looking so beautiful at present. . . ." 

" Thorp Perrow [Mr. Milbank's], Nov. 8. 

"Well now for Milbank and Ly. Augusta f or 

Gusty, as he calls her. Their house is in every way 

worthy of them a great, big, fat house three stories 

high. . . . All the living rooms are on the ground 

* Mr. Lambton's second wife. She was Lady Louisa Grey 
daughter of the 2nd Earl Grey. 

t A daughter of Lord Darlington. 

1825-26.] CREEVEY AS AN AUTHOR. 93 

floor, one a very handsome one about 50 feet long, 
with a great bow furnished with rose-colored satin, 
and the whole furniture of which cost 4000. Every- 
thing is of a piece excellent and plentiful dinners, a 
fat service of plate, a fat butler, a table with a barrel 
of oysters and a hot pheasant, &c., wheeled into the 
drawing room every night at i past ten . . . but 
our events for record are few. ... In answer to your 
question about Brancepeth Castle, it belonged to 
Mrs. Taylor's uncle, Mr. Tempest. . . . Having left it 
to his nephew, Sir Harry Vane, the latter sold it to 
Russell, who has rebuilt the whole ancient castle. 
. . . Few people could devote 80,000 per ann. to 
accomplish the job as Russell did. Lord Londonderry 
told Ly. Ramsden he wished he had never taken 
Frances [Lady Londonderry] there, for she had raved 
of nothing else ever since, and was quite out of heart 
with all they are doing at Wynyard ; and Frances is 
quite right. " 

At this time Mr. Creevey was much taken up 
in preparing for publication a series of letters on 
Reform addressed to Lord John Russell. He sub- 
mitted the proofs to Brougham for approval, and his 
letters to Miss Ord are full of references to the 
forthcoming work. " You know," he writes, " one is 
always occupied at the last in twisting and twining 
about sentences in one's head to try if one can make 
them look better." The letters were published by 
Ridgway early in 1826 in the form of a pamphlet. 

Earl of Sefton to Mr. Creevey. 

"Croxteth, Oct. 2, 1825. 

"... I cannot help congratulating you upon your 
conversion to reform. I have been long convinced 
that nothing else will bring down taxation and tythes, 
and therefore would not give a farthing for any other 
remedy. ... I hear our friend the Bear Ellice must be 
a bankrupt ; he is trying to defer the evil day, but fall 


he must. Did you read Cobbett's life of Canning in 
the Statesman ? What the devil does he mean by all 
at once being so completely mollified, and compli- 
menting his talents and beauty? . . . Nothing can 
exceed the distress here among the farmers : 40 per 
cent, reduction of rents is the lowest they talk of, and 
even then I don't believe they will be able to pay the 
remainder. Little Derby is very sore. Old Black- 
burne* begins to think everything is not quite right; 
he even goes so far as to say he does not see how it 
will all end." 

The year 1826 opened upon a very different scene 
to the preceding one. Activity in all branches of 
industry had brought about the usual results in head- 
long speculation and over production. A period of 
depression and inactivity followed in due sequence 
upon the wave of prosperity, so that the autumn 
witnessed the failure of many country banks and the 
collapse of many commercial houses. The Roman 
Catholic agitation in Ireland was becoming formidable ; 
amendments were moved to the Address in both Houses 
calling upon the Government to repeal or revise the 
Corn Laws, and thereby alleviate the general distress, 
and the commercial panic had to be dealt with by 
legislation on the currency. " The political sky looks 
very cloudy," wrote Mr. Croker to Lord Hertford ; 
"the three C's Corn, Currency and Catholics will 
perplex if not dissolve the Government." As regards 
the currency, a measure was passed prohibiting the 
circulation of bank notes for less than 5 face value. 
Scotland successfully resisted this restriction, and 
enjoys her i notes to this day, but these disappeared 
entirely from England. 

The Corn Laws were more thorny matter to 

* John Blackburne of Orford Hall [1754-1833], M.P. for Lancashire 
for 46 years. 

1825-26.] LADY GREY'S VIEWS. 95 

handle ; nevertheless, in May an Act was passed per- 
mitting the importation of 500,000 quarters of foreign 
wheat, irrespective of the current price in English 
markets at the time. Thus was the gauntlet thrown 
down between the rival interests of agriculture and 
manufacture the land and the towns ; presenting a 
difficult and disagreeable dilemma for the great Whig 
landowners, and driving a wedge deep into the Tory 
phalanx, which had so long withstood external assault. 

Countess Grey to Mrs. Taylor. 

" Tuesday [February, 1826]. 

". . . Things are worse and worse in the City. I 
have just had a note from thence, and this day all the 
things in the Stocks have fallen worse than ever. 
Every soul to whom a shilling is due comes to ask for 
it. In short, it is a fearful time. As to the opinions 
on the i and 2 notes business, people are so divided 
that it is impossible to come at the truth. Sir Robert 
Wilson, Brougham, Lord Lansdowne are with Minis- 
ters, and even Lord Dacre; then others the strongest 
of the Tories are against them. Lord Auckland 
thinks it ruin to us all, and even those who vote for 
it say that it will make things worse for the present. 
Ld. Dacre says that he makes up his mind to get no 
rents for 2 or 3 years, but that he thinks it will 
eventually do good. I understand nothing about it, 
but dislike it if it will prevent us receiving rents, which 
seems allowed on all hands. 

" Last night Harriet had her ecarte party, and it 
was very good and very agreeable, except that I lost 
my 10, which made me rather blue. 

" There is a strong; report of the Chancellor [Eldon] 
going out. Gilford, it is supposed, cannot be Chan- 
cellor, as all the Bar declare him incompetent, and he 
himself feels it. Copley is trying, but they say it is 
impossible, as he is not a Chancery man.* Some say 

* Nevertheless, he became Chancellor [Lord Lyndhurst] in the 
following year. 


that our Leach must get it, as he is the only one who 
can do the business. I think it more likely that the 
Seals will be put in commission. If Leach gets it, Mr. 
Vane is sure to get the best thing going. He told me 
so long since. To be sure, we won't get all the best 
things for all our friends, and if he don't obey we will 
neither dine with him nor allow him to play at ecarte. 
Lady Elizabeth [Conyngham's] marriage still drags on. 
She now says she cannot think of fixing a time for it, 
as she cannot make up her mind to quit her mother ; 
that is Lady C[onyngham] puts this into her mouth, 
and then says: 'It is so, is it not, Tissy?' 'Yes, 
mama,' answers she. ... I hear from those who have 
been there that the Cottage * is more dull than ever : 
that Lady C. throws herself back on the sofa and never 
speaks ; and the opinion is (which I don't believe) that 
she hates Kingy. We have just got over Shoenfeld, the 
man who fought with Cradock about Mme. de G[enlis] 
and Mme. de Firmagon. The Dauphine at Lady Gran- 
ville's ball said to him : ' Monsieur, quand partez- 
vous?' which was reckoned a conge, and he was in 
consequence sent here as attache to Esterhazy. He is 
all whiskers and white teeth, and evidently means to 
be a ladykiller, and, if I am not mistaken, will succeed. 
I find that he was with Esterhazy at the very time we 
were living so much with the Princesse, and that he 
used to dine every day with us all, at the bottom of 
the table. So little effect did he make, that we never 
saw the animal ; but he has now gotten a new applique 
in the shape of a top knot, and passes off for a youth 
a bonnes fortunes, which is very amusing. ... I am 
happy to tell you that a serious phalanx is arranging 
for the Age newspaper. About 6 or 7 people are going 
to prosecute Mr. Fox Lane for his wife, who they 
chose to say 'had exposed herself in her box at the 
Opera with Poodle Byng.' She had not seen him even 
by accident for 8 months, and then only in the streets ; 
and on the very night mentioned she was sitting over 
her own fire with her father and brother ! 

" Lord Kirkwall,f it is said, marries Lord Boston's 

* George IV.'s cottage at Virginia Water, where Lady Conyngham 

f Afterwards $th Earl of Orkney. 

1825-26.] LORD J. RUSSELL ON REFORM. 97 

daughter. The Belfasts have bought Lord Boston's 
house in my street. . . . Houses are dearer than ever. 
Their' s will stand them furnished in 400 a year. . . . 
If I dared, I would entreat of you to take no more blue 
pill. I think that you are ruining yourself, but I know 
that you have no faith in my knowledge of medicine ; 
but what can be so bad as to take medicine to that 
excess as to bring on such misery as to affect the 
mouth.* . . ." 

Earl of Sefton to Mr. Creevey. 


". . . I dined yesterday with old Sussex. After 
dinner he proposed Stephenson's and Lady Mary 
Keppel's healths,t and thus announced that most in- 
teresting and opulent alliance. Albemarle was there, 
and seemed contented. I hear old Coke is furious 
about it.t . . . We shall have a division on Robinson's 
plan. Most/of the Oppn. will vote for him. I cer- 
tainly shall. We are gone too far to recede." 

"Alnwick, Feby. 25, 1826. 

"... I send you an interesting scrap I received last 
night from the tip-top reformer of all Lord John 
Russell. I had desired Ridgway to send him a copy 
of ' the Work,' and at the same time I wrote him [Lord 
J. R.] a few lines myself. It was always one of my 
hobbies on this subject to make little Johnny's speech 
for him, knowing that my materials were much better 
than any he had ever produced, or had the means of 
producing. So I was quite sure, if I succeeded, he 
would be gravelled, and it is quite clear he is so, and 
I am glad of it, for he is a conceited little puppy. If 
he is so complimentary as to think the work 'calculated 
to do good when money ceases to be uppermost/ I 

* By salivation. 

f Henry Frederick Stephenson, natural son of the nth Duke of 
Norfolk, private secretary to H.R.H. the Duke of Sussex, married 
Lady Mary Keppel, 3rd daughter of the 4th Earl of Albemarle. 

% Mr. Coke of Holkham had married Lady Anne Keppel, an elder 
daughter of Lord Albemarle's. 

The Chancellor of the Exchequer's Currency Bill. 


wonder when he thinks his speeches upon Reform will 
come into play as doing good ! " 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Brancepeth Castle, March 13, 1826. 

". . . Tho' I say it who should not say it, I don't 
think I ever followed faster hounds than my friend 
Russell's, nor did I ever see a more beautiful run, 
nor a fox more gallantly run into and killed. I was 
in at the death, \ assure you. . . . Oh what a house 
this is for beautiful apartments and comforts without 
end ! O'Callaghan, who knows Lowther well, says 
it is not to be mentioned in the same year with it 
such perfect good taste in everything, and the man 
who did it all just lived in it seven months. . . ." 

" London, March 2oth. 

"... I have just been at Ridgway's for the first 
time, and altho' I am only in a 2nd edition,* I know I 
am in port. Hobhouse,t who, you know, is a brother 
author, told me yesterday unasked that it was unique 
and quite unanswerable, and so he intended to say on 
Lord John Russell's motion next month. . . . This I 
shall immediately follow up by putting my name 
to it." 

" London, March 21. 

" Never did I see anything like the town for 
dulness. . . . The only thing going on is at Ly. 
Tankerville's and a few other houses, where ladies 
of easy virtue meet every night, and as many dandies 
as the town can supply. Ecarte is the universal go 
with them the men winning and losing hundreds a 
night ; and as the ladies play guineas, their settlement 
each night cannot be a small one. I met Vesuvius } 
yesterday, who came up to me open-mouthed about 
my work. He said a review of it would appear very 
shortly in the Westminster Review. ... I saw little 
white-faced Lord John [Russell] too, but not a word 
of compliment from him. . . ." 

* Of his pamphlet on Reform. 

t John Cam Hobhouse, M.P. [1776-1 854], created Lord Broughton 
in 1851 : a copious writer. \ Hon. Douglas Kinnaird. 


" April 1 4th. 

"... I was in time to hear Hobhouse tell Canning 
that it was with real heartfelt pain that he still heard 
from him his deliberate opinion against all parlia- 
mentary reform, because he [Hobhouse] was one of 
a great portion of this country who looked to him 
with gratitude and AFFECTION for his conduct since he 
came into office, which would amount to VENERA- 
TION if he would but give way upon this vital 
question ! ! ! And this from a man who took such 
pains to insult Canning by a picture of him three or 
four years ago in the House ! To do some part of 
the House justice, this affectionate address was re- 
ceived with a very marked titter . . . from the Old 
Tories at the expense of both Hobhouse and Can- 
ning. Lord Rosslyn satisfied me afterwards by facts 
that nothing can equal the rage of the Old Tory 
Highflyers at the liberal jaw of Canning and Huskis- 
son. ... I saw Brougham, who told me that by some 
accident ^the letters to Lord John Russell* would not 
be reviewed in the next number of the Edinborc? 
Review, which had been in the press for a fortnight. 
I beg you will suppress your indignation, as I do, at 
this monstrous piece of perfidy and villainy, consider- 
ing all that has passed between him and me on the 
subject. ... I dined at Sefton's yesterday. Bold 
York dined with them the last time as usual, and I 
trust will do so again, but his life is considered in 
great jeopardy. To think of these two men him and 
his brother, the King both turned 60, and terrible 
bad lives, having new palaces building for them ! 
The Duke of York's is 150 feet by 130 outside, with 
40 compleat sleeping apartments, and all this for a 
single man. . . . Billy Clarence,t too, is rigging up 
in a small way in the stable-yard, but that is doing 
by the Government." 

" April 26th, Newmarket [at Lord Sefton's]. 

". . . My racing campaign is over for the present, 
and I have had four very agreeable days very good 
sport each day, and one's time one way and another 

* 7>. Creevey's pamphlet on Reform. f William IV 


quite occupied. . . . We have had Jersey, Shelley, F. 
Russell, Ld. Wilton, Bob Grosvenor, Lord Titchfield 
and Lord George Bentinck, Lady Caroline and Paw- 
lett, Mills, Irby, Wortley and his son, different days. 
Wortley is dying for me to pair off with him, but I 
must do my duty you know. ... I start per coach at 
\ past ten, and as the distance is only 60 miles, I hope 
to be in time for Michael [Taylorjs dinner." 

" May 3rd. 

". . . I was one of the majority last night in sup- 
port of his Majesty's Ministers for cheaper corn than 
the landed grandees will now favor us with. ... It 
certainly is the boldest thing that ever was attempted 
by a Government after deprecating any discussion 
on the Corn Laws during the present session, to try 
at the end of it to carry a Corn Law of their own by 
a coup-de-mam, and to hold out the landed grandees 
as the enemies of the manufacturing population if 
they oppose it. ... If a good ultra-Tory Govern- 
ment could be made, Canning and Huskisson must 
inevitably be ruined by this daring step. You never 
heard such language as the old sticklers apply to 
them ; and, unhappily for Toryism, that prig Peel 
seems as deeply bitten by ' liberality,' in every way 
but on the Catholic question, as any of his fellows. 
I was laughing with Lord Dudley under the gallery 
at this curious state of things, who said if the Duke 
of York wd. but come down to the House of Lords 

and declare that 'so help him G , corn should 

never be under 8os.,' he would drive this Radical 
Government to the devil in an instant." 


". . . Wellthe villains jibbed after all. ... In 
language the Ministers are everything we could wish, 
but in measures they dare not go their lengths for fear 
of being beat, as undoubtedly they would. Indeed it 
is very doubtful if even this temporising scheme of 
letting in 500,000 quarters of corn, in the event of 
scarcity, will go down in the Lords. ... I never saw 
anything like the fury of both Whig and Tory land- 
holders at Canning's speech ; but the Tories much 

1825-26.] THE CORN LAWS. 101 

the most violent of the two. ... It is considered, in 
short, as a breaking down of the Corn Laws." 

" 8th. 

". . . The land has rallied in the most boisterous 
manner. The new scheme is considered as a regular 
humbug, and a perfect insult to the agricultural intel- 
lect. In short, Canning and Huskisson are rising (or 
falling) hourly in the execration of all lovers of high 
prices, Whig and Tory, but particularly the latter. . . ." 


". . . On Monday we beat the land black and blue 
about letting in foreign corn ; but the Lords, it is said, 
are not to be so easily beat as the booby squires. 
There is to be a grand fight the Ministers and 
Bishops against the Rutlands, Beauforts, Hertfords, 
c. Liverpool gives out that, if he is beat, he will 
give up the Government, which may be safely said, as 
there is no one else to take it." 

"i 2th. 

". . . Well, you see the landholders, high and low, 
are the same mean devils, and alike incapable of fight- 
ing when once faced by a Government without any 
land at all. Was there ever such a rope of sand as 
the House of Lords last night ? to be beat by 3 to i 
after all their blustering. . . ." 

" 1 3th. 

". . . Sefton and I voted differently on the late 
measures in our House ; but, to do him justice, no 
one is more amused at the contemptible figure and 
compleat defeat of both Squires and Lords. The 
charm of the power of the Landed Interest is gone ; 
and in a new Parliament Canning and Huskisson 
may effect whatever revolution they like in the Corn 
Laws " 

" 23rd. 

"... I dined with poor Kinnaird yesterday, and 
the sight of such persons as him and her in their 
present condition is as striking a moral lesson as 
the world can furnish. He is the only man of real 


genuine vivacity I know left in the world ; and, wreck 
as he is, he still preserves the lead in that depart- 
ment. He is doomed to death, and his sufferings are 
dreadful. Sefton drove down Alava, Douglas Kin- 
naird and myself; we were shown into his bedroom, 
where he lies upon a couch, with a covering over 
every part of him but his head and arms ; and then he 
was wheeled in to dinner. . . . Then to look at her 
a perfect shadow, living, as it were, by stealth like- 
wise ; and to think of what she was when the whole 
play-house at Dublin used to rise and applaud when- 
ever her sister, Lady Foley, and herself used to enter 
the house, in admiration of their beauty only, and not 
their rank, for they did so to no others of the Leinster 
family. ... It is just 20 years since I saw old Fox 
with his white favor in his hat upon the marriage of 
his cousin Lady Olivia Fitzgerald with Kinnaird. 




THE hour, long expected and prepared for by Canning, 
at length struck. The public service of Lord Liverpool 
was brought to a close by his fatal illness in February, 
1827. Undoubtedly, by experience, brilliant oratory, 
and commanding ability, there was no one in the Tory 
ranks on the same level with Canning. There were 
impediments, arising both from the King's distrust of 
Canning on the Roman Catholic question, and the 
distrust of his own colleagues Wellington, Eldon, 
Peel, &c. upon that and other grounds. Canning 
occupied in the Ministerial party much the same 
elevation as Brougham did in the Opposition : every- 
body paid tribute to the talents of both men, but 
nobody trusted them or imagined that either of them 
had much in view except his own aggrandisement. 

The most powerful engine of statecraft in the 
Georgian era was patronage ; and although those 
great hotbeds of patronage, the Bar and the Army, 
were in the grasp of his High Tory colleagues, Eldon 
and Wellington, Canning had used his influence over 
Liverpool with judicious foresight. He had secured 
the Lord High Stewardship for Lord Conyngham, and 
the Under-Secretaryship of Foreign Affairs for his 
son, Lord Mount Charles, thereby earning for himself 
Lady Conyngham's paramount influence at Court. 
Nor did he neglect (and none knew better than he 


how to cultivate) the good graces of Madame 
de Lieven and the King's physician, Sir William 
Knighton. With these cards in his hand, he played 
a strong game against tremendous odds. One cannot 
but admire the skill and nerve of the player, however 
much one may deplore the temper displayed by his 
formidable opponent, the Duke of Wellington, who, 
when he found himself outwitted, threw up the 
command of the Army. Creevey, as a bystander, saw 
a good deal of the game. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Brooks's, Feby. 10, 1827. 

". . . As Scroop * was very gracious, I said I must 
ask him if what I heard was true, that the Duke of 
Clarence said to him at the [Duke of York's] funeral 
that he hoped before long to see him in the House of 
Lords.f He said it was not at the funeral, but when 
the King was last at the House of Lords, when he 
[Clarence] did say so to him in the hearing of Lord 
Gwydir, and shaking his hand most heartily at the 
same time : ' But,' said the Duke [of Norfolk], ' I 
ought to add that he said precisely the same thing to 
me at the Coronation, and then voted against us on 
the very first opportunity ! ' So our Billy is a wag, is 
he not? . . ." 


". . . Tyrwhitt continues to see the King at all 
times, in his bed as well as out of it. ... He says that 
Knighton is the greatest villain as well as the lowest 
blackguard that lives, as well as the most vindictive 
chap. He is eternally upon the watch, and more than 
ever during Tom's [Tyrwhitt's] tete-a-tete. He came in 
without knocking, and planted himself at the bottom 
of the bed, Prinney observing when he saw him : 
' Damme, I thought you had been at the other end of 

* The 1 2th Duke of Norfolk. 

f The Duke of Norfolk was debarred as a Roman Catholic from 
silting in the House of Lords. 


the town ! ' In the course of this conversation, Prinney 
said : ' I wish my Ministers would leave off this new 
fashion of giving ambassadors leave of absence from 
their stations. Here is my Lord Bloomfield, I find, 
has got leave from his right honorable friend and 
Secretary Canning to come home; but if he comes 
to me, I'll take care to hurry him out again.' * 

"It was not amiss to hear the different reasons 
assigned by Taylor and Tom [Tyrwhitt] for the fall 
of this truly great man Bloomfield. Taylor's account 
is direct from Denison alias Lady Conyngham, and 
he says that the year the King went to Ireland, Bloom- 
field went first to prepare everything, and being at 
the play at Dublin when 'God save the King' was 
called for and vehemently applauded, Bloomfield was 
kind enough to step to the front of the box he was in, 
and to express by his bows and gestures his deep 
sense of gratitude for this distinction, and that this 
being reported to the Sovereign, he never forgave 
it. ... Bloomfield was ruined from that moment if 
you can call a man ruined who, in our recollection 
twenty years back, was little better than a common 
footman ; and who, having made himself a fortune by 
palpable cheating and robbery in every department 
he had to do with, demands and obtains an Irish 
peerage, the Order of the Bath, and an embassy to a 
crowned head . . . this, in truth, being the price of 
keeping his master's secrets.* And this is the apothe- 
cary Knighton's hold too, he having all that other 
rogue McMahon's papers and letters . . . Lady 
Beauchamp gave McMahon 10,000 for getting her 
husband advanced from a baron to an earl." 

"Feb. 17. 

". . . Here's a business for you. Liverpool has 
had a paralytic stroke, so says Croker; but West- 
morland only admits that he is not well. However 
I have no doubt Croker's account is the true one. . . . 

* Lieut-General Benjamin Bloomfield, R.A., was successively 
gentleman-attendant, marshal, and chief equerry and private secretary 
to George IV. as Prince of Wales and Prince Regent. He succeeded 
Sir John McMahon in 1817 as keeper of the privy purse, went as 
Minister to Stockholm in 1824, and was created an Irish peer in 1825. 


It is quite true about Ld Liverpool. He had a fit of 
apoplexy at ten this morning. He is a little better, 
but politically dead. Canning is better, but has some 
extraordinary violent pain over one eye, nor will he 
be the better for this new excitement. He'll be beat 
as well as Liyerpool. . . . Did you ever see a more 
disgraceful thing under all the circumstances of the 
country than this plunder of 9000 a year for our 
Billy,* after having got ^3000 a year by the Duke of 
York's death. Who would be in a place, without the 
possibility of stopping such villainy ? Yet the division 
was respectable, altho' Mother Cole the leader and 
Jack Calcraft and others did vote for the job. Holland 
was under the gallery all the time, canvassing openly 
in the most disgusting manner on behalf of his dear 
and illustrious connection." 

" Well what is your real opinion as to who is to 
supply Liverpool's place ? I think somehow it must 
be Canning after all, and that then he'll die of it. . . ." 

" March 5. 

". . . Yesterday about 3 p.m. Dandy Raikes, who 
is a member of brooks's, but was never seen there 
before, having watched Brougham go in there, followed 
him, and taking a position with his back to the fire, 
said aloud : ' Mr. Brougham, I am very much obliged 
to you for the speech you made at my expence. I 
don't know what latitude you gentlemen of the Bar 
consider yourselves entitled to, but I am come here pur- 
posely to insult you in the presence of your club.' . . . 
Brougham was eating some soup, and merely replied 
with great composure : ' Mr. Raikes, you have chosen 
a strange place and occasion for offering your insult/ 
and shortly after walked away, there being present 
about 8 or 10 persons. I learnt this from Ferguson, 
who had just entered Brooks's as Raikes was con- 
cluding. We both agreed that Brougham must call 
Raikes out, and that the latter must be expelled the 
club for the marvellous outrage. ... In going into 
Brooks's at 5, which you may suppose was pretty well 

* H.R.H, the Duke of Clarence [William IV.]. 


crammed with gossipers, no tidings were to be had of 
our Bruffam; but upon returning home * I found he had 
been here in pursuit of Fergy ; and, having caught him, 
had begged him to carry a challenge for him to Raikes, 
which the General peremptorily declined to do upon 
the grounds of having been mixed up in so many such 
things. So Brougham went off after Wilson. I learnt 
this at six, and our Taylor and myself went off at 
seven to dine at Denison's, where we had Lords Say 
and Seale and Reay, W. Pawlett, Ellice, Ferguson and 
Stephenson. Brougham was to have been ; but as we 
all supposed he was otherwise engaged we sat down 
to dinner without him ; tho' in about ten minutes in 
he came, occupied a chair which was next to me, and 
having talked exclusively to myself the whole night 
upon every subject but the one, I never knew him 
more agreeable in my life. Upon coming away at 
eleven, we were to bring Fergy down here in our coach, 
but Brougham stopt him ; and when he followed us, 
we found that Wilson had forwarded his challenge to 
Raikes, but that in the meantime Brougham had been 
taken into custody, carried to Bow Street, and bound 
over to keep the peace. This had been the handiwork 
of Jack the Painter, alias Spring Rice, who was present 
at the row at Brooks's, and had taken himself off to 
Bow Street immediately to inform ; his only object, I 
have no doubt, being not to lose Brougham's vote 
to-night upon that most vital of all subjects the 
Catholic question. . . . From the long time that has 
elapsed since Brougham made the offensive speech in 
question, and from the extraordinary mode adopted 
by Raikes to insult him, I cannot but believe that he 
has been worked up to this step by such chaps as 
Lowther, Glengall and Belfast, and that he was made 
to believe Brougham was a shy cock; for Lady Glengall 
has always been harping upon that tack of late, as how 
he was made to marry Mrs. Brougham by one of her 
brothers upon a certain event being known, and such 
stuff as this.f Lady Mary Butler has just been here, 

* Mr. Creevey, on losing his seat in Parliament, had taken up 
permanent abode with his friends the Taylors, in Whitehall. 

f Mrs. Brougham was a widow Mrs. Spalding of the Holm in 
Galloway when she married Brougham. She was a daughter of 
Sir William Eden of West Auckland, co. Durham. 


and said that Mr. Raikes was with them last night, 
and that Mr. Brougham had been arrested, which was 
thought very odd. So he has got into a rare mess with 
these devils. . . . Tankerville has just said to me it was 
quite right in Spring Rice to inform Sir Richard 
Birnie [?] of Brougham and Raikes. He you know is 
the first authority as a fighting man." 

" March 6th. 

". . . The King comes to town on Thursday, deeply 
impregnated, it is said, with his father's conscientious 
scruples against the Catholics. . . . Lady Conyngham 
writes word to her brother that the great man will 
not permit any one whatever to speak to him upon 
the subject of Lord Liverpool's illness, or who is to 
succeed him. Moreover, he adds that he will not be 
spoken to about such matters for some time yet to come. 
Was there ever such a child or Bedlamite ? or were 
there ever such a set of lickspittles as his Ministers to 
endure such conduct? . . ." 

" 7th. 

". . . The Catholic question was lost by four last 
night ; but it was, in truth, a fight for power and not 
for the Catholics. ... So far the business is done 
that the Cabinet must be broken up ; at least it appears 
impossible it should be otherwise. Who is to be 
uppermost remains to be seen ; ultimately, I think 
Canning must win, tho' he would have no chance if 
the King really has the anti-Catholic feelings of his 
father, and had but a hundredth part of his courage. 
But he is a poor devil. ... In going up to Audley 
Street I called upon the Pet * in Arlington Street. . . . 
I think his principal amusement was a note he had 
got from old Lady Salisbury, in which she says: 
' As I find Creevey can't dine with us on Sunday, sup- 
pose we change our day to Wednesday, when I hope 
he will be disengaged. I leave it to you to settle with 
him.' So I think to have lived to be called ' Creevey' 
by old Dow. Salisbury, and to have her dinner party 
put off for my convenience, is far beyond what any 
mortal could have predicted. 

"Well, our Brooks's parliament has just been 
sitting in judgment on Dandy Raikes an immense 
* Lord Sefton. 


meeting, old Fitzwilliam in the chair. It ended, as 
it should do, in Raikes sending an apology to the 
club ; but matters are getting worse and worse as to 
Brougham, and I see distinctly he will have to fight 
Raikes after all. Kangaroo Cooke is Raikes's second. 
Dear Lady Darlington is just come in to us, and she 
has not a doubt but that B. must cross the water and 
have this business out ; which, of course, is her lord's 
opinion likewise, and so says the town in general." 


". . . The Monarch stole back to Windsor yester- 
day, having been fifteen days at Brighton without 
leaving his dressing-room, or seeing the face of a 
single human being servants, tailors and doctors 
excepted. What the devil is it to come to ? This of 
course is our Denison's account from his sister. . . . 
Old Billy * is much more tender than any one else in 
his regrets about my being out of Parliament. He is 
always at it, and before people. . . . However, it is all 
mighty well ; for, notwithstanding that the Honorable 
House has been at its best this week in the interest of 
its debates and the conflict of parties, I have never felt 
any other sentiment than that of gratification at not 

being there so help me ! Such feeling, I suppose, 

is partly idleness, partly contempt for all the per- 
formers, and a conviction from long experience that 
no possible good can be effected by such an assembly, 
to say nothing of the perfidy of our own chaps in 
particular, whenever a chance of doing any good 


"i 3th. 

"We had a rum dinner enough at Denison's on 
Saturday altho' the Earl of Darlington was there, and 
a very merry one at Kensington [Palace] on Sunday, 
where he and my lady were likewise, and about 14 of 
us. The Duke [of Sussex] handed out the Countess, 
the Earl Lady Mary Stephenson, and Mr. Creevey 
Lady Cis. The Duke said: 'Come, Creevey, come 
and sit next to Lord Darlington ; ' which of course I 
did, and he was mighty playful with me all the day." 

* Lord William Russell, brother of the 5th Duke of Bedford. He 
was murdered in 1840 by his French valet Courvoisier. 



". . . Duncannon shewed me a letter written by 
the wife of the jaoler in the county of Galway to the 
maid servants in Lord Besborough's house in that 
county. ... I think you will admit it has very pretty 
fun in it. 

"'Mrs. Murphy's compliments to the ladies of 
Wandler [?]. If the maids would like to see Sergeant 
Black hang d she will be happy of the honor of their 
company at breakfast to-morrow. I will have the 
pleasure of conducting the ladies to the gallows. Mrs. 
Murphy will take care that the execution shall be 
deferred till the ladies arrive.' " 

"April 2. 

". . . Much has been going on at Windsor lately 
upon our ministerial projects. Canning and Wellington 
were closeted with rrinney one day, Peel for as long 
the next, and then best of all the three Cheerful 
Charlie * went down yesterday, his object being, it is 
said, to protest on behalf of himself and brother 
Tories against Canning being cock of the walk. . . ." 

"April nth. 

" The town will have it to-day that all is settled 
Canning Minister, and that he has received the King's 
commands to form a Govt. on the same principles as the 
last; . . . yet I don't believe it, because Tankerville 
dined yesterday with the Duke of Wellington, who 
told him that all was still at sea, and that he Tanker- 
ville knew just as much how it would all end as he 
Wellington did. Now we all know that, with all his 
faults, Wellington is precisely the man to speak the 
truth upon such an occasion without either design or 
humbug. I would stake my life it was as he said at 
the time he said it. ..." 

Mr. Creevey's confidence in the Duke's candour on 
this occasion was scarcely justified. On the very day 
that Wellington made the above statement to Lord 

* The $th Duke of Rutland. 


Tankerville, he had received Canning's letter informing 
him that he had been commissioned by the King "to 
lay before his Majesty ... a plan of arrangements for 
the reconstruction of the Administration," and adding, 
" I need not add how essentially the accomplishment 
must depend upon your Grace's continuance as a 
member of the Cabinet." To this Wellington replied 
on the same day, intimating his anxious desire "to 
serve his Majesty as I have done hitherto in the 
Cabinet, with the same colleagues. But before I can 
give an answer to your obliging proposition, I should 
wish to know who the person is whom you intend to 
propose to his Majesty as the head of the Govern- 
ment." There was something of wilful misunder- 
standing, if indeed it was misunderstanding, in the 
Duke's failure to perceive that the King had entrusted 
Canning with the formation of a Cabinet. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Holkham, April I4th. 

"This is a damned bore, you must know, not 
having the London letters and newspapers till four 
o'clock in the afternoon. It's all mighty fine for King 
Tom * to have his own house the post-house, which it 
is ; but give me a professional one in preference to a 
squirearchy postmaster. ... I was more delighted 
with my approach to this house than ever, and so I 
am now with everything both within it and without it 
except the company, who, God knows, are rum enough, 
and totally unworthy of all Lord Chief Justice Coke 
has done for them in creating the estate, and the Earl 
of Leicester in building and furnishing the house. 
Our worthy King Tom is decidedly the best; but 
without offence be it said he by no means comes up 
to his ancestor the Chief Justice. . . . Digby and Lady 

* Mr. Coke of Holkham. 


Andover * are both speechless {erased} ; Stanhope and 
Mrs. Stanhope are worthy, honest, absent, lackadaisical 
bodies that don't seem to know where they are or who 
they are with ; and this is our present stock, except a 
young British Museum artist, who is classing manu- 
scripts, and a silent parson without a name ! But then 
what have we not in reserve? Do not we expect 
Lord John Russell, the Knight of Kerry, Spring Rice, 
and various other great and publick men ? We do 
indeed! tho' during the different times I have been 
here, I have known many expected who never came. 
But you'll not quote me. In the mean time, it's all the 
same to me whether they come or not. I came to see 
the place. I doat upon it. ... I was not sufficiently 
struck when I have been here before with the furniture 
of the walls in the three common living rooms, which 
is Genoa velvet, and what is more, it has been up ever 
since the house was built, which is eighty years ago ; 
and yet it is as fresh as a four-year-old. To be sure, 
the said Earl of Leicester was no bad hand at finishing 
his work : never was a house so built outside and in. 
The gilded roofs of all the rooms and the doors would 
of themselves nowadays take a fortune to make ; and 
his pictures are perfect, tho' not numerous." 

Canning's appointment as premier was the signal 
for the resignation of those Ministers who had hitherto 
resisted the Roman Catholic claims Wellington, 
Eldon, Bathurst, Melville, Westmorland, Bexley, and 
Peel. Canning immediately opened negociations with 
the Whig leaders Lansdowne, &c. for a coalition. 

Earl of Sefton to Mr. Creevey. 

"London, April 13, 1827. 

"They all declare their motive for resigning is 
strictly personal that the Catholics have nothing to do 
with it; it never came into question. The D. of Wel- 
lington, who has also given up the Army, says nothing 

* Lady Andover, widow of the eldest son of the i$th Earl of Suffolk, 
married Admiral Sir Henry Digby, K.C.B. 


shall induce him to connect himself with that man. 
He has just told this to Ly. Jersey, and has shown her 
letters one from Canning to him, announcing that he 
had received his Majesty's commands to form a Govern- 
ment. This he answered to the King. He says 
Canning's letter was most impertinent. . . . Peel says 
he could not serve under Canning, nor would any of 
the others. . . . Lord Londonderry has resigned the 
Bedchamber in a letter to the King saying he had 
prevented the Queen being received at Vienna, and 
that as H.M. had given his confidence to a man who 
entertained such different opinions on that subject, he 
could no longer serve him. In short, traits of humour 
are without end. Bathurst did not know of the 
Chancellor's, Wellington's and Peel's resignation till 
he missed them at the Cabinet dinner at Wynne's on 
Wednesday. He went home and wrote a very formal 
letter of resignation to Canning. ... If Opposition 
support, Canning may stand, and they certainly ought 
to keep out these villains." 

Mrs. Taylor to Mr. Creevey. 

"Whitehall, i;th April. 


"What a goose you were to leave town in 
such delightful mischievous times ! Dear Brougham 
arrived the night before last upon a summons from 
Lord Lansdowne. . . . He called upon Lord Darlington 
on his way up, and I see his object is to get those two 
to take office, as an excuse for himself. He is out- 
rageous at the idea of Copley * being Chancellor, and 
told me he was sure it would never be. . . . As you 
may believe, he is in a very disturbed state, and up to 
his ears in some intrigue or other." 


". . . Brougham was here last night in a state of in- 
sanity after the negociation between Ld. Lansdowne 
and Canning was broke off, which it was, in consequence 

* Sir John Copley, who, on becoming Lord Chancellor on Lord 
Eldon's resignation at this time, was created Baron Lyndhurst. 


of the former not consenting to an entire Protestant 
Government in Ireland.* From this he went to a 
meeting he and Sir M. Wilson got up at Brooks's, 
consisting of Jack the Painter,t the Knight of Kerry, 
the Calcrafts and a few more shabby ones, anxious for 
place at any rate; and there it was agreed to send 
Ld. Auckland and the younger Calcraft to Ld. Lans- 
downe to remonstrate, and to prevail upon him to 
renew the negociation. . . . Brougham told me he had 
refused being Attorney-General, but I don't believe it 
was really offered to him, for I hear the higher powers 
objected to him. 

Henry Brougham, M.P., to Mr. Creevey. 

"April 2 ist, 1827. 

" As I am sure by instinct that you are with the 
true and faithful servants of the Lord in this time of 
our trial, and not with the vain and foolish Malignants, 
I write to say that the negociation was off last night, 
and we had a row at Brooks's (which I own I created) 
and the negociation is on again to-day, with a fair 
prospect of success. These difficulties come from 
some of our friends being still in the year 1780. . . . 
Sefton's letters would put life into a wheelbarrow, or 
anything but a superannuated Whig. My principle is 
anything to lock the door for ever on Eldon and Co. 
I have the easier pushed this great matter, because I 
can have no sort of interest in its success. My 
crimes (which I prize as my glory) of 1820 are on 
my head;J and by common consent the King is to be 

* I.e. a Lord Lieutenant, Chancellor, and Secretary opposed to 
Catholic Emancipation. 

t Mr. Spring Rice, created Lord Monteagle in 1839. 
t His defence of Queen Caroline. 


"April 27, 1827. 

" DEAR C, 

" I fear you are a rural politician runs 
amator one of the provincials of whom Jonathan 
Raine said in his N, Circuit verses 

' Quid memorem quotquot, rurali more, colonis 
Ruris amatores dant sua jura suis ? ' 

So you have a politick of your own, as Maude has a 
law. How can you, being of [illegible] mind, possibly 
think that the Ministry or any Ministry can stand 
on volunteer and candid support? My only principle 
is : ' Lock the door on Eldon and Co. ;' and this can 
only be done by joining C[anning]. 

" Well, even my not being in office is making the 
devil's own mischief. Where am I to sit ? [tttegtdlejs 
place, or Pitt's old hill fort ? or where ? How am I to 
communicate with C[anning]? Besides, the Tories 
don't believe me with C., and are trying to trap me by 
motions. N^Cepto be sure, had any man such a 
singular, not to say absurd power over a Goyt. as I 
shall have. Lord L[ansdowne], D. of Devonshire, &c., 
all take place protesting against my exclusion, and 
swearing they only submit to it while I do. Scarlett 
Afttorney] G[eneral], but Eldon went off in a head- 
ache to escape swearing him in. ... 

"H. B." 

Edward Ellice, M.P., to Mr. Creevey. 

" Brooks's [no date]. 

". . . Be assured Bruffam will bolt! He is very 
sore at Scarlett's appointment, with all his profes- 
sions of disinterestedness, and no wonder ! He says 
support of an ' hon. and learned member opposite ' is 


not quite the same thing as that of 'my hpn. and 
learned friend near me;' and that his exclusion will 
shut his mouth. This is all as I expected. We shall 
see strange confusion and quarrelling in the end. 
Lord Grey has shut his door upon Taff., and if they 
don't take care, will lead the new Govt. with or with- 
out Ld. Lansdowne a pretty dance in the Lords. . . . 
I envy none of them the legacy the Tories have left 
their successors. They have drained the cup of good 
things to the dregs, and left many a bitter draught 
for those that follow them. . . . The fellow can't wait 
for the letters, and indeed I could only add some lies 
of the day. 

" Yours, 

"E. E." 

Michael Angela Taylor, M.P., to Mr. Creevey. 

" Denbies, May 6th, 1827. 

"... I am almost sick at what is passing. The 
scene in the House is to my mind so strange that I 
know not where I am. I keep my old place. What is 
to be concocted for the general good I cannot conjec- 
ture . . . Brooks's rings with the praises of Canning 
how well he does how ill the Sovereign is, and how 
improperly Canning has been dealt with. Canning has 
dissected both Whigs and Tories ; and I profess, if I 
was to swear fealty, I should be more inclined to 
swear it to him than to Lansdowne and Co. Darling- 
ton raves about the new Premier. The Catholic 
question is only safe by being postponed, he thinks. 
Duncannon now counts noses on the other side, and 
sits on the Treasury Bench. I can say for myself that 
not much of decent respect has been shown to me. I 
have supported the Whigs for eight and thirty years 
at an expense of above 30,000. My house and table 
have been the resort of the party, and on their account, 
partly, the King has got rid of me. To the astonish- 
ment of many, not a syllable has ever been mentioned 
to me." 

in. f <>/ -/ (in. in c(r/u' . 


Lord Althorp to Mr. Creevey. 

"Albany, May n, 1827. 

". . . It isj impossible for me not to write to you 
and say how much gratified I am at finding the line 
which I have taken approved of by all those with 
whom I first began my political life, which was in 
1809, on the Duke of York's business. It is impossible 
for me to put any confidence in Canning, but I must 
support him as the least of two evils. Lord Lans- 
downe and those who, like him, take office or identify 
themselves with the administration, appear to me to 
have more courage than discretion ; and I think they 
would have done better to have acted with more 
caution. But the thing being done, we have only to 
choose between the two parties, and the line it is our 
duty to take is plain enough at present. ... I much 
fear that His Majesty will be indulged in every sort of 
extravagance in order to win him over." 

Earl of Sefton to Mr. Creevey. 

" London, 28th May, 1827. 

" You are indeed a benighted, rural politician, and 
your letter is truly a provincial reverie. I do say the 
junction is justified by the exclusion of Eldon, Wel- 
lington, Peel and Bathurst. It could have been 
brought about by no other means, and I consider it as 
an immense benefit conferred on the country. ... As 
to the ' baseness of the junction/ and the rest of your 
apple-blossom twaddle, I really thought at first, Mr. 
Secretary of the Board of Controul, that you were 
alluding to the blasted, disgraceful coalition of Fox 
and the pure, highminded Grey with old Bogy.* 
There, indeed, was a sacrifice of every principle upon 
earth for place. I don't stand up for Canning, but 
I think the junction with him is a chance for the 
country against nothing. Don't forget that Grey, 
whose opposition is solely personal, once preferred 
him to Whitbread. He had, as you well know, the 
choice between them. ... I don't care a damn nor 
do you for the Catholics ; but I say their chance is a 

* Lord Grenville. 


hundredfold better under the new Cabinet than under 
the old ; and so do they. . . . Depend upon it that 
horticultural pursuits damage a male's understanding. 
I am delighted, therefore, that you are once more 
coming; into the civilised world, where I trust you 
will, with proper care, come to your senses." 

Mr. Creevey to the Earl oj Sefton. 

"Rivenhall Place, May 3ist, 1827. 

" Vous vous trompezj mon cher, when you say Lord 
Grey ever voted for Canning in preference to Whit- 
bread. At the period to which you refer, he was the 
only one who voted for Whitbread against Canning, 
and he did so under strong circumstances as affecting 
Whitbread. You are aware of the half kind of hostility 
that existed between Whitbread and Grey from the 
time of the latter taking office in 1806, and one act in 
particular of Whitbread's made Grey furious. When 
rrinney became Regent, the Whigs and Grenvilles 
thought the game was all their own again, and in cast- 
ing the parts for the new administration, Whitbread 
was to be Secy, of State for the Colonies ; but, before 
he wd. touch it, he made it a sine qua non that Ld. 
Grenville, as First Lord, should not be Auditor like- 
wisea proposition, I say, that made Grey furious, as 
an injustice to Grenville, and a reflection upon their 
former Government ; but as nothing could shake Whit- 
bread, the proposition was laid before Grenville, who, 
greatly to his honor, wrote a letter in which, tho' he 
arraigned very freely what he thought the injustice of 
the demand, still he thought so highly of Whitbread's 
services, that he struck rather than not have them. 
Well, all this, as you know, ended in smoke; but 
shortly after (upon Perceval's death, I believe) when 
the game was again in view, the question arose 
whether Canning or Whitbread was to be adopted. 
Grey voted for Whitbread, in spite of all the provo- 
cation he had given him, upon the express ground of 
having confidence in his character, which he had not 
in Canning's. You are right, therefore, when you say 
that Grey's objection to Canning is personal, tho' not 
entirely so. If such personal objection was well 


founded then, as I think it was, surely it is much 
stronger now, after Canning's leaving his Govt. in the 
lurch as he did upon the Queen's trial, and his late 
lies at the expense of his colleagues and Castlereagh, 
in setting up for the sole deliverer of the new world. 
All these tricks are of the same school, and make a 
personal objection to him which I have never known 
apply to any public man before. 

" What you say of coalitions generally, is true 
they are all bad, and all popular principles are sure to 
be sacrificed in such a mess. When Brougham wrote 
and asked me what I thought of this concern, I replied 
that I had an instinctive horror of the very name of a 
coalition ; and yet, with all the sins of the last one in 
1806, it surely is not to be compared in its design and 
formation with this one. Fox and Grenville had been 
acting openly together in opposition. When Pitt got 
the Govt. in 1804, he could not induce Grenville to 
accept office and leave Fox. When Pitt died, and old 
Nobbs* sent for Grenville to make the Govt., the 
latter would not listen to any prejudice against Fox, 
but made the Crown divide the Govt. between them. 
Now surely to see Whigs thrusting themselves tail 
foremost into Canning's pay as subalterns, is, at least, 
a very low-lived concern as compared with the last 
coalition. ... I say both upon public and personal 
grounds, I never would identify myself with Canning. 
... I should like no better fun than backing the 
renegado Canning every night against the Tory High- 
flyers, but as to trusting myself in the same boat with 
him, and, above all, taking his money you'll excuse 
me ! " 

Mrs. Taylor to Mr. Creevey. 

"June i, 1827. 

". . . Mr. Canning's weakness was pretty visible 
in the Penryn case.f Brougham was so very tipsy, 

* George III. 

t Gross bribery and corruption had been proved to prevail in the 
little Cornish borough of Penryn, which returned two members. Lord 
John Russell's motion that it be disfranchised was opposed by the 
Government, and defeated by 124 votes to 69. 


that for some time after he got up to speak he did not 
know what he said, and neither Tierney, Macdonald 
nor Abercromby were in the House. Little Sir T. 
T[yrwhitt] has just come in to tell me he was this 
moment passed in the street by Mr. Lambton in a 
travelling carriage alone ; so that he is come up to see 
if peerages are plenty ! " 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"London, June nth. 

". . . Lambton has called upon Knighton and told 
him to tell the King that the moment he heard at 
Naples of the shameful way in which he [the King] 
had been treated by his servants, he had travelled 
night and day to serve him ; in consequence of which, 
he is to dine and sleep one day this week at the Cottage 
after Ascot. This comes from Ly. C. to her brother 
Denison. . . . Then Brougham is so anxious about 
dear Mrs. Brougham that he has consulted Knighton 
about her case, who is so good as to see her daily. 
Was there ever?* . . ." 

"June isth. 

". . . It is said that Lambton owes upwards of 
900,000, and has little or no profit from his coal 
trade to help him out of the mess. . . . The Duke of 
St. Albans is to be married to Mother Coutts on Satur- 
day. She gives him 30,000 as an outfit the rest to 
depend on his good behaviour. . . . Chickens are i$/- 
a couple, Mrs. Taylor tells me ; but what do you think 
of cock's-combs being 22/- a pound, and it takes a 
pound and a half to make a dish ! " 

"Brooks's, 1 9th. 

". . . In my walk here I met Althorp . . . and 
asked him how things were going on. 'Very bad,' 
says he. 'What an odd thing,' says I, ' that Robinson t 
should turn out so wretched in the Lords.' 'Yes/ says 

* Sir William Knighton being the King's physician and confidential 
adviser on many things besides his health. 

f Mr. J. Robinson, Chancellor of the Exchequer 1823-27, had been 
made Viscount Goderich, and became Colonial and War Secretary. 


he, ' and what is worse, Lansdowne is very little better, 
so that Grey, acting the part he does, cuts him to 
atoms.' ' Do you suppose,' says I, ' it was the question 
of corn that made the great Opposition in the Lords ? ' 
' No,' says he, ' it was the question of Canning, and 
only that; for you know no one can have any con- 
fidence in him.'" 

" June 20. 

". . . You see the buttering speech Bruffam has 
been making at Liverpool in favor of Canning, to say 
nothing of his lies about his having refused a silk 
gown from Eldon, and saying that the latter had 
always behaved so well to him ! . . . Sefton said to 
Mrs. Taylor yesterday at dinner : ' Well, Mrs. Taylor, 
what is your opinion of Brougham now?' 'Why,' 
says she, ' exactly what yours used to be, Ld. Sefton, 
the worst possible.' " 

"June 23. 

". . . I sallied forth yesterday for a walk before 
dinner, and who shd. I see but Wellington coming out 
of Arbuthnot's house in Parliament Street his horses 
following him. So thinks I to myself what line will 
he take ? which was soon decided by his coming up 
and shaking me by the hand. I said ' Curious times 
these, Duke ! ' and then, by way of putting him at his 
ease and encouraging him to talk, I added 'I am 
what they call a Malignant : I am all for Ld. Grey. I 
have this moment left him, telling him my only fear 
was his becoming too much of a Tory.' . . . Turning 
me round by main force and putting his arm thro' 
mine, he walked me off with him to the House of 
Lords. 'There is no chance,' said he, 'of Ld. Grey 
being too much of a Tory ; but you are quite right, 
and you may tell him from me that, so long as he 
keeps his present position, unconnected with either 
party, he has a power in the country that no other 
individual ever had before him.' 

" Then he fell upon Canning without stint or mercy 
said it was impossible for any one to act with him, 
and that his temper was quite sure to blow him up. 
He said a part of his (Wellington's) correspondence 


had been withheld; that when he found that his 
amendment to the Corn Bill, if carried, wd. be fatal to 
the Bill, he wrote to Huskisson saying he was willing 
to come to any arrangement so as to prevent that; 
but Canning, thinking that he should beat him in the 
Lords, would not let Huskisson listen to such a pro- 
posal. ... In short, you never heard a fellow belabour 
another more compleatly con amore than the Beau did 
Beelzebub every now and then stopping and nearly 
pulling the button off my coat from his animation. I 
am only provoked that I omitted asking him whether 
he recollected a conversation of ours one day after 
dinner, at his house at Cambray, in which I did my 
best in describing the perfidious character of Canning, 
but he would not touch it. ... 

"You will be glad to hear that pur impertinent 
Whigs have been disappointed in their expectation of 
Darlington claiming his seat from Ld. Howick. Grey 
told me he waited upon Darlington and tendered his 
son's resignation, as a matter perfectly of course from 
the line he (Grey) had taken, as well as his son ; but 
Ld. Darlington wd. not listen to the thing, and said he 
should take it as a personal favor never to have the 
subject mentioned again. It is very creditable to the 
Duke of Cleveland (that would be) to keep up his con- 
nection with a man that is such an infernal stumbling- 
block in the way of all their honors." * 

" Low Gosforth, 9th August. 

"Well I suppose Canning is dead long before 
this,t and so goes another man killed by publick life. 
His constitution, it is true, was not a good one, but 
the knock-down blow has been his possession of 
supreme power, his means of getting it and the per- 
sonal abuse it brought down upon his head. And 
now, what comes next ? As far as the present Cabinet 
is concerned, I should think they would willingly 
consent to Lansdowne succeeding Canning ; but what 
says George 4th to this ? Again, if such was the case, 

* Lord Darlington had to wait six years for his dukedom. Lord 
Howick sat for one of Darlington's seats in Winchelsea. 
t About twenty-four hours. 


Brougham must lead the House of Commons as a 
Cabinet Minister, and what would the King and the 
Church and the Tories say to that ? " 

In perusing the correspondence of such a voluble 
gossip as Creevey, one pauses occasionally to wonder 
whether his information is as trustworthy as it is 
varied and lively. The following extract, describing 
the position of the Duke of Wellington in regard to 
the Command-in-chief of the Army, and his corre- 
spondence with the King on the subject, would not be 
worth printing except as a test of Creevey's accuracy. 
Taken as such, it is satisfactory to find that nothing 
could be closer to the facts of the case. The corre- 
spondence referred to is printed at length in Welling- 
ton's Civil Despatches, iv. 37. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Barningham Park [Mr. Mark Milbank's], Aug. 13. 

" . . . The Whigs, I think, are done. Snip Robinson,* 
you evidently see, is everything with Prinney. Only 
think of Petty \ buckling to under him, and the vener- 
able Tierney too and old goose-rumped Carlisle.^ . . . 
I am happy to find that both these Kaby and Lowther 
tits talk very freely of Lord Lansdowne's degradation 
in having Lord Goodrich \_sic\ put over him. . . . No 
tidings of the Beau yet ! but he must have his mare 
again, not only because everybody's language is that 
the Army is going to the devil under PalmerstonJ 
but Mrs. Taylor has told me of a correspondence 

* Viscount Goderich, who became Prime Minister on Canning's 

f Lord Lansdowne. 

i The 6th Earl of Carlisle. 

A saying current at the time, expressive of a man regaining his 
old position. 

|| Viscount Palmerston was Secretary-at-War. 


between the King and the Beau upon this subject, 
which Grey told her the Duke had shown him. 

" It seems for some time after the Duke left the 
Horse Guards he called, perpetually on Sir Herbert 
Taylor, and gave him Kis opinion and advice as to 
what was going on, and Taylor availed himself of one 
of his interviews with the King to express his great 
obligations to the Duke for his kind and useful counsel ; 
upon which the King wrote the Beau a letter at the 
beginning or end of which he called him his 'good 
friend ' ; * thanked him for all his kindness to Taylor, 
and urged him to retract his resignation. The Beau 
considered this as the tricky suggestion of Canning ; 
but, be it so or not, Grey represents his answer as 
perfect regretting he should have been misunderstood 
that his private honor would never permit him to 
retract, but his wish was always the same, to be of 
what use he could to the army. Since then, the King 
said to Lord Maryborough that the Duke of Welling- 
ton never comes to see him now, and upon the other 
saying he was sure it was only the apprehension of 
intruding that kept his brother away : ' Oh no,' said 
the King, ' he knows very well I am always delighted 
to see him. 1 Upon this being told the Duke, he made 
that last visit to Windsor, which made the jaw in 
the paper. So I can have no doubt, upon all these 
grounds, that his mare at least is certain, and then I 
think the noses of the old Click will be poking them- 
selves in one after another, till not a single Whig nose 
is left in the concern." 

" Barningham, Aug. igth. 

" Yesterday I went out for the first time on horse- 
back in pursuit of prospects, and found about 3 miles 
off upon the high road a perfect one a single high- 
arched bridge of great elevation, springing from rocks 
considerably above the level of the Tees, which comes 
rumbling down with great majesty over a rocky bed 
with trees on both sides. Standing on the bridge, the 
view closes on one side with an abbey ruin of Edward 

* The letter begins " My dear Friend," and ends " Ever your 
sincere Friend, G. R." [Wellington's Civil Despatches, iv. 37]. 

1827.] GREY AND BROUGHAM. 125 

Srd's time, and the other with Rokeby, celebrated, you 
know, by Sir Walter Scott. The bridge was built 
by Morritt, the present owner of Rokeby. ... At 
dinner our company was the said Morritt and his two 

Earl Grey to Mr. Creevey. 

" Lyneham, 2ist August. 

" . . . I had a very curious letter from Brougham 
the other day, presuming that Canning's death would 
remove the obstacle which before existed to my 
supporting the Government. He tells me that he had 
given an assurance of his support to whoever might 
be the leader of the H. of C, feeling it to be essential 
to the maintenance of a ministry, whose principles, as 
far as they go, he approves ; that he has refused any 
political situation, which had been pressed upon him by 
Canning ; and, being excluded by the personal objec- 
tions of the King from any other situation in his pro- 
fession, he must remain as a supporter of the Govt. 
in his hill-fort : that his support of Govt. is quite 
disinterested, having received nothing but slights, 
which had injured him in his profession; that he 
had asked only that the legal promotions shd. be sus- 
pended for a year : that Cross being put over his head, 
and the appointment of the other King's Counsels, 
had hurt him in the Circuit I shortly answered him 
that the differences of the last session were the more 
unfortunate as not being likely soon to be removed ; 
that I wished only to explain that my objections were 
not merely personal to Canning, but that they applied 
principally to the manner in which the Government 
was composed ; that in this respect they were rather 
increased than diminished by all I had hitherto learnt 
of the present changes, and that I must remain in my 
former position, unconnected with any party, and 
supporting or opposing as the measures of the Govt. 
might be accordant or at variance with my principles 
and opinions." 


Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Aug. 24. 

" I am very sorry I did not ask Morritt for a copy 
of his work on the situation of ancient Troy. You 
must know that he has a brother, one of the hugest 
great fat men you ever saw ; and as the elder brother 
is called 'Troy/ Morritt, the other goes by the name 
of ' Avoirdupois ' Morritt. Damned fair for the pro- 
vinces ! 

". . . The perfidy of the Arch-fiend * to Lambton ! 
. . . He gave Powlett a history of the peerage as told 
by Lambton himself to Brougham. Says Lambton : 
' I directed my auditor to wait upon Ld. Lansdowne, 
and to make that claim which I thought I had a per- 
fect right to, of being made a peer. But Stephenson 
refused to execute this commission.' l When/ said 
Brougham [to Powlett], l Lambton opened the case 
and his claims to me, I thought it but fair to give him 
my honest opinion that he had none that he had only 
his own seat in Parliament that he took little or no 
part in debates, and that, in short, his claim was wholly 
untenable.' Now whether all or any or what part of 
all this is fiction, I know not ; but was there ever such 
a perfidious monster as this Bruffam, or such an 
insolent jackanapes as this Lambton. The latter, I 
flatter myself, is diddled, tho' he did return from Paris 
to be present, with myself, at Canning's funeral. I was 
rather ashamed to see my name upon such an occasion 
and in such a crew.f 

"Well now, tho' somewhat late, my Portuguese 
Marshal Lord Beresford came to dinner on Sunday, 
and was off before breakfast yesterday [Thursday]. 
I can safely say that in my life I never took so strong 
a prejudice against a man. Such a low-looking ruffian 
in his air, with damned bad manners, or rather none 
at all, and a vulgarity in his expressions and pro- 
nunciation that made me at once believe he was as 
ignorant, stupid and illiterate as he was ill-looking. 
Yet somehow or other he almost wiped away all these 

* Brougham. 

t Mr. Creevey was not at the funeral, though reported to be so in 
the papers. 

1 827.] LOWTHER CASTLE. I2/ 

notches before we parted. In the first place, it is 
with me an invaluable property in any man to have 
him call a spade a spade. The higher he is in station 
the more rare and the more entertaining it is. Then 
I defy any human being to find out that he is either a 
marshal or a lord ; but you do find out that he has 
been in every part of the world, and in all the interest- 
ing scenes of it for the last five and thirty years. . . . 
The history of these two Beresfords is really interest- 
ing. They are natural sons of old Lord Waterford,* 
and were sent over in their infancy to a school at 
Catterick Bridge under the names of John Poo [Poer ?] 
(the Admiral) and William Carr (the Marshal), and they 
kept these names till they were about 12 years old. . . . 
They are still in ignorance of who their mother was, 
or whether they had the same ; but from the secrecy 
upon this head, from their being sent from Ireland, 
and, above all, from Lady Waterford having seemed 
always to shew more affection to them than to her 
own children, there is a notion they were hers before 
her marriage." 

" Lowther Castle, Aug. 27th. 

"... More perfect civility and politeness was 
never shown by man to man than by the Earl [of 
Lonsdale] to myself from the moment I entered the 
house ; and, give me leave to say, for rather a feeble 
artist and one who was dressed in a star and garter 
and a blue ribbon, he was very agreeable. But dear 
Lady Lonsdale is the girl for my money, being either 
half-witted or half-cracked, and she and I are one. . . . 
This place as a castle is a palpable failure compared 
with Raby or Brancepeth, but the park is most beauti- 

"28th. 1 

"... Take a specimen of my lord's turn for story- 
telling. I was going it at breakfast just now with 
considerable success in the ' Nanny goat'f line; so 
my lord in his turn said : ' You have heard of Mr. 

* The 2nd Earl of Tyrone and 1st Marquess of Waterford. 
t Anecdote. 


Fitzgerald, who was called the Fighting Fitzgerald, 
whom I used to see a good deal of at Lord West- 
morland's. There was a man who bet a wager he 
would insult him ; so, going very near him in a coffee- 
house, he said " I smell an Irishman ! " to which the 
other replied " You shall never smell another!" and, 
taking up a knife, cut off his nose.' " 

" Hartlepool [a house of Lord Darlington's], Sept. gih. 

". . . Lansdowne has now compleated his own 
destruction by letting Prinney and Robinson force 
Herries * down his throat. . . . What a treasure on 
such a rainy day to have one's Decline and Fall with 
one. I really think it is a great business for such a 
lazy devil as myself to have read every word of it. I 
except no book when I say no single author supplies 
one with such useful or such general matter. Damn 
his writing, but his stuff is invaluable." 

" Doncaster, Sept. 18. 

". . . Soon after our arrival I went out, and the 
first group of men I fell into was Ld. Jersey, Ld. 
Wilton, Bob Grosvenor, &c., &c., which soon ended 
in a tete-a-tete between Wilton and me, in which I 
regretted that Edward Stanley had taken a place so 
inferior, as I thought, to the claims and position of his 
house.f He made the only defence that could be 
made Edward's love of business, and it was merely 
a beginning. Then he stated of the Government 
generally : ' It is a crazy concern altogether. The 
King is in ecstacies at having carried his point about 
Herries, and will have all his own way for the future. 
The Whigs have moved heaven and earth to get Ld. 
Holland into the Foreign Office, but the King would 
not hear of it. . . .'" 

* The Right Hon. J. C. Herries, who became Chancellor of the 

t Afterwards I4th Earl of Derby. He had been appointed Under- 
secretary for the Colonies, Huskisson being Colonial and War 


" Doncaster, Sept. 20. 

". . . You must know our steward, the Duke of 
Devonshire, started the first day [of the races] with 
his coach and six and twelve outriders, and old Billy 
Fitzwilliam * had just the same ; but the next day old 
Billy appeared with two coaches and six, and sixteen 
outriders, and has kept the thing up ever since. . . ." 

" Wentworth House [Earl Fitzwilliam's], 23rd Sept. 

". . . Well, have you read our Bruffam's letters to 
Lord Grey with all the attention they deserve ? and 
was there ever such a barefaced villain, and so vain a 
wretch and fool too ? I wish you could see the veins 
of Lord Grey's forehead swell and hear his snorting 
at Brougham's demand for justice to his pure, dis- 
interested motives. . . . The judicial situation he re- 
fused was Chief Baron of the Exchequer. . . . Lord 
Rosslyn told me that Brougham in a letter telling him 
of this offer said : ' It was made me by Canning just 
before his death, and, as I believe, with no other view 
than that of getting rid of me.' ... I told you what 
Lord Wilton said to me about Holland. Grey says all 
the Cabinet agreed to it but cher Bexley, alias Mouldy ; 
but the King when it was proposed to him said he 
would have no Minister who had insulted all the 
crowned heads of Europe. Lord Cowper, who as 
well as Lady Cowper and her daughter are staying 
here, tells me Alvanley says ' Goodrich will cry him- 
self out of office.' Cowper and Milton, who are quite 
against Grey and us malignants (including Milton's 
father), state the utter impossibility of such a feeble 
artist remaining where he is. . . . Princess Lieven 
says I must be writing a political pamphlet, and Mrs. 
Taylor is pleased to tell her who it is to, and that I 
do the same every day. . . ." 

Deeper and deeper grew Creevey's distrust of his 
ancient ally Brougham ; wider and ever wider yawned 
the chasm between the old Whig Guard, represented 
for the nonce by Lord Grey, and those very men who, 

* The 4th Earl Fitzwilliam, 


under Grey's leadership, were ultimately to effect the 
profound, though bloodless, revolution of 1832. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Wentworth, Sept. 24. 

". . . Another instance of our Bruffam's hypocrisy. 
Wm. Powlett (I beg pardon, Lord William Powlett) * 
said to me : ' Brougham is very sore at your not 
having called upon him during your stay at Lowther. 
My father shewed me a letter from him in which he 
saic l "I cannot but feel greatly hurt that, after the 
long and intimate connection between Creevey and me, 
he should have been at Lowther, and never come to 
see me."' Now was there ever such a canting, mis- 
chievous fellow ? He has done all he could to injure 
me has washed his hands of me in every way he 
knows I could not come to him he knows that, if I 
could have done so, he was not at home. He does not 
care one damn if I was at the bottom of the sea most 
probably would rather I was there than not and yet, 
for some base purpose of his own gets up this scene 
of lying sentiment ; to Darlington, too, of all men. . . . 
At dinner I heard Princess Lieven say to Lord Fitz- 
william : ' Your house, my lord, or your palace, I 
should rather say, is the finest 1 have seen in England. 
It is both beautiful and magnificent.' To which old 
Billy replied ' It is indeed.' She then proceeded : 
' When foreigners have applied to me heretofore for 
information as to the houses best worth seeing in 
England, I have sent them to Stowe and Blenheim ; 
but in future I shall tell them to go down to Went- 
worth.' The last compliment was received by old 
Billy in solemn silence ! not an atom of reply ! " 

" Stapleton, Sept. 28th. 

". . . What a comfortable house this is, and how 
capitally ' dear Eddard ' | lives. . . . What a fool this 
good-natured Eddard is to be eat and drunk out of 
house and harbour, and to be treated as he is. The 

* Second son of Lord Darlington, who was about to be raised to 
the dignity of a Marquess on 5th October. Lord William afterwards 
became 3rd Duke of Cleveland. 

t Hon. Robert Edward Petre, third son of the pth Lord Petre. 


men take his carriages and horses to carry them to 
their shooting ground, and leave his fat mother to 
waddle on foot, tho' she can scarcely get ten yards. 
Then dinner being announced always for seven, the 
men neither night have been home before 8, and it 
has been J to 9 that Dow. Julia* and her ladies have 
been permitted to dine. Then these impertinent jades, 
the Ladies Ashley, breakfast upstairs, never shew till 
dinner, and even then have been sent to and waited 
for. . . . Dow. Julia makes one eternally split with her 
voice and her words and her criticism upon every- 
body. She is always at it and always right, and a 
good honest soul as ever was. . . ." 

" Raby Castle, Oct. 4th. 

". . . Lord Londonderry is so disliked and despised 
in his own country that it has been injurious to the 
Beau to be shewn off by him.f . . . The Duke is 
Commander-in-chief and identifying himself with the 
Old Tories, and the Bishop of Durham gave him a 
dinner yesterday that has made the Marquess of Cleve- 
land { shake in his shoes. He, tho' Lord-lieutenant, 
would not accept the Bishop's invitation to meet the 
Duke of Wellington, and we had quite a scene be- 
tween him and Lord William two days ago about the 
latter going. However he was quite firm, and said 
nothing should prevent him, as member for the county, 
accepting the invitation. All this on Cleveland's part 
was dirty toadying of the King and Governt, saying 
this was an opposition Tory visit of Wellington's to 
the north. . . . The Marchioness would have liked 
the fame of having the Beau here, and he had promised 
Lady Caroline to come if he was asked; but Nifty 
Naffy did not dare." 

* Juliana, daughter of Henry Howard of Glossop, and second wife 
of the Qth Lord Petre. 

t The Duke of Wellington had been paying a visit! to Wynyard. 
Lord Londonderry (3rd Marquess) was the Duke's Adjutant General 
in the Peninsula. Despite the Duke's distrust of him, he continued 
to address him in correspondence as " My dear Charles," until their 
final rupture over the Corn Laws in 1846, when the Duke's letters 
begin " My dear Lord Londonderry." 

t Lord Darlington's patent of marquess is of the same date as this 


" Oct. 6th. 

". . . It should be a rule in coming to this house 
not to exceed 3 days, when the party is purely domestic, 
because the artificial situation of the Marchioness 
becomes much more striking. The delusion can't 
last : it becomes low comedy low life above stairs. 
The scenes are magnificent, the dresses superb, but 
-still it is the part of the Marchioness of Cleveland by 
Miss Tidswell. . . . The Marquis himself, too, is quite 
a different man from when I was last here. He is 
always civil, but there is no string in him, one might 
almost say no utterance. He seems absorbed in 
thought and by no means happy. We had, to be sure, 
a little conversation last night, when he was kind 
enough to admit Mrs. Taylor and myself to an in- 
spection of a new pattern for his livery buttons ! . . . 
Good God! how 1 write. I mean so badly. It is 
now after dinner ; I am sure I am not drunk, but the 
pens are the very devil. . . . Lord Charles Somerset 
complains that he could not sleep either of the three 
nights at Wynyard, never having slept before in 
cambrick sheets, and that the Brussels lace with which 
the pillows were trimmed tickled his face so he had 
not a moment's peace. . . . Grey says he would not 
dress Lady Londonderry for 5000 a year : her hand- 
kerchiefs cost 50 guineas the dozen ; the furniture of 
her boudoir cost 3000. Alnwick Castle is the place 
for real comfort! You ladies are handed out to 
breakfast, as well as at dinner; and, that entertain- 
ment over, the sexes are separated as at a cathedral ; 
so much so that Tankerville was arrested by the coat- 
flap for attempting to invade the seraglio. Cornwall, 
a London flash, was there lately, and was so bored 
that, having consented to be one of the Duke's male 
riding party (for here again the sexes are kept 
separate) he hid himself; but in an unguarded moment 
looked out of the window to enjoy their being off 
without him ; when the Duke, looking back, saw him, 
and they returned and took him." 

" Howick, Oct. I4th. 

". . . Grey read me a letter he had yesterday from 
Lady Jersey from Euston. . . . She represents her 


host, the Duke of Grafton, and the visitors, Lord John 
Russell, &c., as hanging very loose indeed by poor 
Snip * and the Government. Grey says nothing 
annoys Brougham so much as not being able to make 
any impression upon Lady Jersey. . . . She is as firm 
as a rock to Grey and the Beau. Grey's creed is that 
Brougham must blow up: that he is in so many people's 
power with his lies of different kinds, that one fine 
day they will be out." 

Earl Grey to Mr. Creevey. 

" Howick, Oct. 20th. 

" I had a letter this morning from good old Fitz- 
william. Brougham had been at Wentworth uninvited, 
and evidently for the purpose either of making recruits, 
or of holding out the appearance of his being well in 
that quarter probably both. Fitzwilliam smoked him, 
and took care that he should not go away deceived as 
to his opinions, which are exactly what you would 
have expected from a good honest Whig in good 
times. . . . Circulars are sent from the Foreign Office 
to all people connected with the Government for sub- 
scriptions to Canning's monument. I wish you would 
write an inscription for it ! " 

The struggle maintained by the Greeks against the 
Ottoman power came to a crisis in the autumn of this 
year. On 6th May the Greek army under Karaiskaki 
was cut to pieces near Athens ; the Acropolis was 
bombarded at intervals till the garrison capitulated on 
2nd June, and the utter subjugation of Greece by the 
Turks was imminent, when Great Britain, France, and 
Russia interposed to preserve her independence and 
presented their ultimatum to the Porte, which suc- 
ceeded in protracting the negociations till the end of 
September. Meanwhile the Turkish general Ibrahim 
was devastating parts of Greece with circumstances 

* Lord Goderich, the Prime Minister. 


of the utmost barbarity. The British and French 
admirals, perceiving in this a breach of the armistice 
which the Porte had conceded, proceeded to destroy 
almost the whole Turkish fleet in the Bay of Navarino ; 
an act which was vigorously denounced by the Oppo- 
sition in the British Parliament. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Low Gosforth, Nov. I4th. 

". . . Well ! so the magnanimous Allies have really 
destroyed the Turkish fleet, and a more rascally act 
was never committed by the great nations, nor upon 
more false and hypocritical pretences. But the con- 
sequences ! the consequences ! Keep your eye on 
them, my dear! . . . Altho' Viscount Dudley and 
Ward* may have some personal objections to his 
head being placed on Temple Bar without the rest 
of his body, that is the proper position for it, or that 
of any English Ministers who by this act have opened 
the East and West to French and Russian ambition 
and villainy. ... I take a much more extensive view 
of this Turkish business than my brother statesman 
Earl Grey does. We long-sighted, old politicians, my 
dear, see a fixed intention on the part of Russia to 
make Constantinople a seat of her power, and to 
re-establish the Greek Church upon the ruins of 
Mahometanism a new crusade, in short, by a new 
and enormous power, brought into the field by our 
own selves, and that may put our existence at stake to 
drive out again." 

Time brings its revenges, and we have lived to see 
the Liberal party adopt and express different views 
to these about "the unspeakable Turk." Yet it is 
opinion, and not the method of the Turk, that has 
changed. , 

Foreign Secretary. 

( 135 ) 


THE fusion of a section of the Whigs with the Can- 
ningite Ministry wrought confusion in the groups 
composing both the original parties. The Old Tories, 
headed by Eldon, Londonderry, and the Duke of Rut- 
land, stood disdainfully aloof, waiting an opportunity 
for effective flank attack. The Duke of Wellington, 
hitherto closely identified with that section of the 
Ministerialists, had resumed his old post at the Horse 
Guards, after laboriously explaining that his quarrel 
with Canning had not been the cause of his resignation 
of his military command, and that his resumption of 
the same was not in consequence of Canning's death. 
But there was no whisper of his re-entering the 
Cabinet under Goderich, whom all men regarded as 
a minister pour rire; everything pointed to a political 
rapprochement (there is no equivalent English term) 
between Wellington and Grey. Meanwhile, if the 
ranks of the Tories were seamed by dissension, not 
less estranged were the Whigs among themselves. 
The " Malignants," few in number, held apart with 
Lord Grey. They were drawn from every section of 
the old Opposition that haughty old Whig, Earl 
Fitzwilliam, stood shoulder to shoulder with Thomas 


Creevey, representative of the extinct " Mountain " of 
the Regency days. Nothing could exceed the bitterness 
which had sprung up between these Malignants and 
the rest of their party, nor the violence with which 
among themselves they denounced their ancient col- 
leagues, whether those who had already accepted 
office, like Lord Lansdowne, or those who openly 
coveted office, like Lord Holland, or those who were 
suspected of secretly intriguing for office, like Henry 
Brougham. So intense was party feeling that it 
strained, and in many cases severed, friendships of 
long standing. Creevey never had a heartier ally 
than Lord Sefton ; from the day, five and twenty years 
before, that he first entered Parliament as an obscure 
individual known to nobody, Sefton had befriended 
him, co-operated with him on the "Mountain," and 
caused him to regard Croxteth, Stoke, and Arlington 
Street as always open to him. Sefton had given his 
adhesion to the Coalition Cabinet; this was enough 
to fire Creevey's indignation, and there ensued some 
months of estrangement in consequence. That, how- 
ever, was soon put right by the warm-hearted Sefton, 
who would suffer no difference of opinion on public 
affairs to poison the springs of private friendship. He 
insisted upon Creevey returning to Croxteth, and 
crushed out all suspicion by his irresistible good 

It was very different with Brougham. Closely as 
Creevey had been associated with him in the past, 
and profoundly as he admired his talents, it is clear 
that Brougham never succeeded in winning his con- 
fidence. He exhausts his vocabulary of vituperation 
a pretty extensive one in denouncing him at this 

1827-28.] RETURN TO CROXTETH. 137 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Croxteth, Wed., Nov. 21, 1827. 


" Well, here you see me after all, and every- 
thing as right as ever it can be. I arrived here in a 
chay from Ormskirk yesterday between one and two, 
and as I pass'd the front of the house, was upon the 
lookout to see if there were any watchers at the 
windows. Lady Maria was at her bedroom one, and 
we had mutual salutations. Where my Lord had seen 
me from I don't know, but he was below at the hall 
door to receive me, and in the middle of very cordial 
handshaking said : ' You old rogue ! I did not feel 
sure of your coming till I saw you.' I was then taken 
up to see the ladies, and nothing could be warmer 
than my reception was by each, and Lady Louisa said 
more than once or twice during the day ' You don't 
know how happy you have made us all by coming.' 
So it's all mighty well. 

"As we were sitting cozing about the fire, Sefton 
said : ' Well, Brougham is very angry with you for 
not coming to see him at Brougham. ' O,' said I, ' he 
is a neat artist. The affectionate, tender-hearted 
creature wrote a blubbering letter to Lord Darlington, 
saying how deeply hurt he was that such an old and 
attached friend as I was should have been so near him 
and never come to see him ; but,' I added, ' he never 
mentioned that he was not at home if I had done 
so.' ... A little after, one of the young ladies said 
' We have seen a good deal of Mr. Brougham lately ; 
he went to the play with us 3 or 4 times, and you 
never saw such a figure as he was. He wears a black 
stock or collar, and it is so wide that you see a dirty 
coloured handkerchief under, tied tight round his neck. 
You never saw such an object, or anything half so 
dirty.' This is all that has passed hitherto respecting 
the Arch Fiend. . . . 

" I said to Sefton just now out a-shooting who is 
Montron? 'Why,' said he, 'he is a roue who has no 
visible living and has one of the best houses going in 
Paris. He was employed very much by Talleyrand 
in his jobs and by Buonaparte likewise, and of course 


he is in very bad odour with the present Government of 
France ; but he is a clever man and most entertaining.' 
I need not add he must be an infernal scoundrel, and 
to my mind he is the worst mannered man I ever saw. 
. . . We are expecting hourly a proper match for him 

in villainy, Henry de R . . . . He [Montron] is known 

to and has lived with all the world, but his polar star 
has been, and continues to be, Talleyrand. He married 
a Duchesse de Fleury, who was divorced from her 
husband on purpose ; but who afterwards left him to 
live with a painter. One of his most conspicuous 
stations was in the Court of the Princess Borghese, 
where he lived openly with her principal lady. I 
never heard anything equal to the depravity of 
Madame la Princesse, according to the stories Montron 
tells Sefton, and Montron stated himself as having 
been the minister to her pleasures in selecting lovers 
for her. It was for such like offices that the moralist 
Buonaparte whipped Master Montron into prison one 
fine day, and kept him there, saying he would put an 
end to the debauchery of his sister's establishment. 
So much for my new friend ! Is he not a neat one ? . . . 
I really think there is nothing going on by letter now 
between Sefton and Brougham, which is odd enough, 
after all that has passed; but I feel certain Sefton 
would not conceal anything that was going on, and if 
he ever mentions Brougham, it is only to say how 
impossible it is for me to conceive the state of his 
filth in all ways. . . . Poor Sefton ! he was quite an 
desespoir the night before last ; there had been so few 
pheasants that day at Kirby Ruff, his best cover. He 
was really speechless, except when he said it was the 
last time he ever should be there. In short, he might 
have lost half his estate at least. To think of the most 
successful man in life, and with the outside of every- 
thing the world can give, and he can't exist without 
excitement for every moment of the day ; whilst a 
pauper like myself can live upon idleness and jokes, 
without a blank day to annoy me. . . ." 

" Croxteth, Dec. 6th, 1827. 

". . . I accompanied the shooters yesterday to 
their ground, about 7 miles off. The day was splendid 

1827-28.] RUMOURS OF WAR. 139 

the sport brilliant Sefton, his 3 sons, Berkeley 
Craven and Mr. McKenzie killing 141 pheasants, above 
100 hares, &c., &c. On coming home the night was 
so dark that my lord declared he could not see the 
road ; and so it turned out, for he overturned us. ... 
We were not a mile from home, so we left the carriage 
and groped our way on foot. . . ." 

Earl Grey to Mr. Creevey. 

"Howick, Dec. 13, 1827. 


". . . Sefton's conduct can only be explained 
on the supposition that he feels himself bound not to 
abandon, in their difficulties, an administration which 
he originally promised to support ; but I do not think 
this feeling can prevail long against his own opinion 
and the increasing opinion of the publick. At present, 
according to all appearances, they will not be able to 
extricate themselves from this Turkish scrape. I have 
a letter to-day from Paris saying that the Russian 
army has crossed the Pruth, with the intention of 
permanently occupying the Principalities of Moldavia 
and Wallachia. This, in their diplomatick jargon, 
they say is not to be considered any more than 
Navarin as a measure of war, but as a mqyen (T executor 
le traite de mediation. This is not very unlike the case 
of a man who should knock another down, and then 
say ' I did not do it with an intention of hurting you, 
but only from the most friendly desire to keep you 
quiet. 1 Whatever the explanation may be worth, of the 
fact I have no doubt, and as little that the Russians will 
not again abandon the possession of these countries. 
These [illegible], notwithstanding the gloss which it is 
endeavoured to put upon the measure, as well as a 
general apprehension of the increasing power of 
Russia, which has been quickened by her late successes 
in Persia, have already produced speculations on the 
necessity of a combination to resist her projects, and 
there seems no great improbability in supposing that 
the cannon fired at Navarin may prove the signal of 
another general war in Europe. The best chances 
against it are to be found in the general poverty of 


all the Great Powers. Austria can hardly find the 
means of moving an army; we are no longer in a 
condition to give subsidies ; and even Russia, in the 
countries in which her armies will have to act, could 
not find immediately the means of defraying the cost 
of their maintenance in active service, and some 
compromise may thus be produced at the expense of 
the poor Turks who will be plundered both by friends 
and foes, and whose helpless imbecillity deprives them 
of all hopes of a successful resistance. This is the only 
way which I can at present foresee for the Ministers 
to escape from the difficulty which Mr. Canning's 
much-lauded policy has brought upon them, but which 
would require more energy, more skill, more union 
and more wisdom than I think likely to be found in 
our present Councils. 

" As to Brougham I believe him to be mad. Our 
correspondence has ceased, but I have lately seen, 
under his own hand, things that would surprise even 
you . . . that Canning had no more to do with the 
treaty of the 6th of July than you or I, and that it was 
entirely the Duke of Wellington's . . . that there is a 
complaint of the King's unconstitutional interference 
with the patronage of the Ministers. If this should 
be proved to be so (the if is good) nobody wd. be 
more for resisting it than himself; and, if requisite, he 
should be glad to see a union of the respectable men 
of all parties, headed by Lord Grey, for that purpose. 
. . . All this I have seen actually in black and white 
does it furnish a case to justify my suspicion of 

"At the end comes put the true solution of the 
riddle. He is full of indignation at Phillimore's being 
put over Lushington's head, because the latter was 
counsel for the Queen. No thought of himself, of 
course! nor any reference to his own situation, 
proving indisputably his claim to the acknowledg- 
ment of disinterestedness, which you may remember 
in his letter to me. . . . The Duchess of Northumber- 
land told Mrs. Grey the other day that about Navarin 
the King had said that the actor deserved a ribband, 
but the act a halter. A pleasant distinction for 
his My.'s Ministers! Lansdowne, however, I hear 
is in favour ever since he submitted about Herries, 


but that the King spoke neither to Tierney nor to 
Mclntosh at the Council when the latter was sworn in. 

" Ever yours, 

" GREY." 

" Howick, 1 5th Dec. 

". . . With the feelings of sincere regard and great 
liking that I have for Sefton, nothing can be more 
gratifying to me than the expression of correspond- 
ing feelings on his part : nor could anything give me 
more sincere pleasure than a visit from him here, 
more especially if you could meet him. Is there any 
chance of your coming? . . . You will see in the 
papers the reports of Lord Goodrich's resignation. 
. . . Will the King put the thing fairly into the hands 
of Lansdowne, allowing him to bring in some of the 
old Whigs ? or will he take it as the head of a Tory 
administration? Or will Huskisson be the man, with 
all the load of unpopularity which weighs upon him ? 
or will the whole concern break up, and Peel and the 
Beau be called upon to form a new Government? 
. . . Holland is the only person of whom I have heard 
that goes the whole length of defending the business 
of Navarin in all its parts, and that with a degree of 
violence that really surprises me. I can only con- 
sider him, therefore, as prepared to take anything or 
do anything to support the Government as it is. ... 
I had heard of Dudley's love, and of the Countess 
St. Antonio's joke that he was become 'a Ward in 
Chancery.' * If the lady takes as much out of him 
as the Court usually does out of its suitors, I should 
think there would be little left of him at the meeting 
of Parliament." 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Liverpool, Dec. 14, 1827. 

" I left Croxteth yesterday. . . . Sefton first gave 
me your letter, but his main object [in coming to my 
room] was to show me in the most perfect confidence a 
letter he received from Brougham this morning, en- 
closing one the latter had received from Lambton at 

* The Earl of Dudley's family name being Ward. 


Paris, and as Sefton said when I had seen both letters, 
it would be for me to decide which was the greatest 
madman. The subject was Larnbton's peerage, which 
he (Lambton) contends should not be a simple barony, 
very properly observing that it is no promotion for 
the first commoner of England to be made the last 
baron ! But, in short, without seeing his letter with 
one's own eyes, its contents would be perfectly in- 
credible, and the result is his calling upon Brougham 
by all those ties of early disinterested friendship, 
which have bound them to each other for life, not to 
let him be less than an earl. . . . Brougham states 
in reply, or says he does so, that our friends in power 
are so jealous of any approach to them, that it is quite 
impossible to assist him ; and then, in his comment 
upon Lambton's letter, loads him with every species 
of ridicule for his pretensions; till at length he 
gravely enters the field himself as a man of family 
at least two centuries older than that of Lambton, 
and as having the 2nd barony of England in his 
(Brougham's) own blood. Now really! was there 
ever? . . . Punch* writes there is not an individual 
in the city who does not consider our attack upon the 
Turkish fleet [at Navarino] as the greatest outrage 
ever committed by any Government or country, and 
above all by ours. In speaking of Lord Goodrich 
he says he is considered by all as a mere nullity, 
and by no one more so than the King, and does what- 
ever he likes and cares for no one. Pretty well this 
from Mr. Clerk of the Council, is it not ? 

" Before these letters came Sefton had said to me : 
' By God ! the Government can never stand ; this 
Navarino business must destroy them.' . . . Only 
think of there not being a syllable of politicks in 
Brougham's letter to him yesterday! I saw it all. 
My own belief is that Brougham is not the person 
to whom Sefton has bound himself, if in some un- 
guarded moment he has done so ; but I suspect it is 
Petty. He always speaks of Brougham as if he 
loathed him. My dispatch to Grey contains all the 
matter just stated, except about the Brougham and 
Lambton correspondence. . . ." 

* Charles Greville. 

1827-28.] SEFTON AND BROUGHAM. 143 

" Croxteth, Dec. 16. 

" Well, the Pet * was charmed that the rain had 
not stopt me, and so were the ladies, and all mightily 
pleased at breakfast with my description of Miss 
Creevey's drum t and supper. I did the company by 
helping them to stuffing out of the hare, to make up 
for the little I could get from the hare itself. Then 
the day became quite fine and all was to be ready for 
shooting in hall an hour. In a turn or two I had 
with Sefton on the terrace he said : ' Well, I have 
written to Brougham by this post and have said to 
him "I observe you never mention any politicks in 
your letter of yesterday; from which I conclude, of 
course, you are ashamed to advert to our late nefari- 
ous attack upon the Turks. For myself I can fairly 
say I have gone as far as any man in my endeavours 
to prevent the return of the Tories to power ; but if 
I am expected to support the infernal outrage at 
Navarino, it is too high a price to pay for accomplish- 
ing my object, and I think it right to declare I will 
not do it. And now, as you have hitherto given me 
an explicit account of the part you meant to take when 
the Government was about to submit my measure to 
Parliament, I beg you will be as frank with me upon 
this occasion as I have been with you."' . . . Sefton 
is to send me his answer, which one should think 
must be a dokiment of some interest. 

"Well but to wind up my intercourse with the 
Pet : when the carriages were ready for the shooters 
in the stable yard, where they always embark, I went 
to be present on the occasion, and when Sefton came, 
who was the last, he said : ' Creevey, I want to 
speak to you ;'and taking me into the Riding House 
he said: ' I can't let you go without telling you that 
McKenzie has proposed to Maria. It has happened 
just now.' I said I had seen quite enough to be sure 
it would come to that and added : ' He is a man of 
fortune, is he not ? ' ' I fancy so,' said Sefton, ' but I 
know nothing about it. He seems a damned good 

* Lord Sefton. 

t Mr. Creevey had been the night before to a party at his sister's 
house in Liverpool, and driven out to Croxteth to breakfast, 


kind of fellow and a particular friend of [illegible]? 
This was all, but it was quite enough to show it 
would do * ..." 

During the Cabinet crisis in January, 1828, following 
on Lord Goderich's resignation, Creevey was staying 
with his step-daughters in Essex, but was kept 
closely informed by Lord Sefton of every shifting 
phase of gossip. The letters were written daily, 
sometimes twice or thrice a day, but the interest of 
them has for the most part evaporated. The question 
of greatest moment to the Whigs was whether Hus- 
kisson would join the Duke of Wellington's Cabinet. 

Earl of Sefton to Mr. Creevey. 

"Brooks's, 1 2th Jany., 1828. 

". . . Sir Chas. Stuart is talked of for Foreign 
Secretary. Petty t may now retire and enjoy his 
charades at Bowood in quiet. He is admitted by 
common consent to be the damnedest idiot that ever 
lived, not even excepting the domestic Goderich." 

Earl Grey to Mr. Creevey. 

"Berkeley Sq., Jany. 25, 1828. 

"... I have not time, nor, indeed, do I know 
enough, to say much of the present posture of affairs. 
To me it seems that the Beau, as you call him, is 
placing himself in a situation of dreadful responsibility 
and danger. His taking the office of Minister, after 
all that passed on that subject last year, to say nothing 
of other objections, would, in my opinion, be a most 
fatal mistake, and I still hope there may be time, and 
that he may find friends to advise him to avoid it. 
But there is another danger which presses still more 
strongly on my mind. Huskisson's friends boast 

* The marriage never took place. Lady Maria Molyneux died 
unmarried in 1872. 
f Lord Lansdowne. 

1827-28.] WHAT IS BROUGHAM AFTER? 145 

everywhere that Corn Laws, Free Trade, Portugal, 
Navarino in short everything have been conceded 
to him as the price of his accession to the Government. 
The Duke, I know, tells a different story; but this 
proves that these matters are not distinctly understood 
and settled as they ought to be for the security of the 
new Government. The consequence is that it is left 
in the power of that rogue Huskisspn to choose his 
own time and ground for a quarrel, if he shd. find it 
his interest to break up the Administration. 

"No communication or proposition of any kind has 
been made to me. I hear our old friends are eager 
for red-hot opposition ; but I certainly shall remain in 
my old position, and act as I may find right, without 
any consideration of either party. . . . 

" Ever yours, 


Brougham's position at this time was a puzzle 
alike to his political friends and foes. In the previous 
August he had written to Lord Grey, submitting that 
Canning's death had removed the last obstacle to 
prevent Grey supporting Lord Goderich's adminis- 
tration, informing him that he, Brougham, had, within 
the preceding six weeks, refused " the most easy and 
secure income for life of 7000 or 8000 a year, and 
high rank, which I could not take without leaving my 
friends in the House of Commons exposed to the 
leaders of different parties." He claimed, therefore, 
to have proved that he was acting "without the 
slightest tincture of interest." " I have agreed/' he 
says, "to support the leader of the House of Commons, 
whoever he may be. ... As for my real individual 
interest, I believe no one can doubt that it is clearly 
my game to see a weak Government, with only Peel 
(whom I never found very invincible), and myself at 
the head of the Liberal party." Reading between the 
lines of this strange letter, it is easy to see why 



Brougham was so tender towards the men in office. 
Had they been turned out and a purely Liberal ad- 
ministration been formed, he knew it was hopeless for 
him to look for political office so long as George IV. 
was king. Brougham had offended too deeply for that 
in Queen Caroline's trial. Grey, who had deeply 
disapproved of the coalition under Canning, merely 
replied that "at present all reasonable grounds for 
confidence on which I could give any assurance 01 
general support [to the Government] appear to me as 
much wanting as ever. I must remain, therefore, in 
the same position, supporting such measures as are 
consistent with my principles, and opposing, without 
any inducement to forbearance, whatever may appear 
to militate against them." To Creevey, Brougham 
continued to write in a strain of greater levity than 
he adopted towards Lord Grey. 

Henry Brougham, M.P., to Mr. Creevey. 

"[January] 1828. '* 

". . . Don't be alarmed, but endeavour to receive 
with equanimity, and if possible with fortitude, the 
painful intelligence that your beloved Sovereign has 
been most dangerously ill, and is still in a very pre- 
carious state. He lost in all 120 ounces of the blood- 
Royal in the course of about ten days. The complaint 
was inflammation, I suppose of the bladder, for they 
say it was owing to some illness of the prostate 
gland. I am told he is very far indeed from rallying 
as he used to do when bled formerly, and that all the 
loyal subjects near his person are in much conster- 

"The Parlt. is likely to open in a very 'unsatis- 
factory' state as our friend Castlereagh (God rest his 
soul) was wont to say. The chief ' feature ' I mean 
Peel will find it quite impossible to calculate on a 
majority on any one question, except perhaps a motion 
for turning them out or reforming the Parlt. ; and how 


he is even to get thro' the forms of a debate, if he is 
opposed by all the parties not in office, seems incon- 
ceivable, for even Vesey is not there, being laid on 
the shelf for some months. The Ultras are in great 
force, and the Huskissons full of faction. As a proof 
of the kind of steps the Tories are taking, I may say 
that your friend Lord Lonsdale has, in a letter which 
I have a copy of, been encouraging the Cumberland 
county meeting, advising them to lay the state of 
distress before rarlt, because the Beau desires it; and 
adding that they should not point out any remedies 
but only ascribe it to the burthens upon agricultural 
produce and the reduced currency. . . . Lonsdale 
then seems to have thought that it might be said 
' How happens your son Billy to be in office while you 
are thus mischievously embarrassing H.M. Govern- 
ment?' so he adds, awkwardly enough, that he is 
convinced Lord Lowther's first consideration is the 
interest of the country, and that he never would keep 
office if he thought, &c., &c., &c. 

" I find that the worthy Laureate, Southey, is to 
move or second the resoln. that the distress is within 
the power of the Legislature; and a cousin of the 
family (H. Lowther), who holds one of their livings, 
is to move another. Meanwhile, the Beau stands firm 
and says ' he will keep his position ; ' meaning, of 
course, without any change. But unfortunately it is 
Peel whose position will be to keep; so then, they 
say, the Beau adds 'he shall bring forward measures 
and if the Parlt. won't support him, he can't help it.' 
His strength is no doubt in the Ultras, whom no one 
can wish well to, and the Huskissons, whom few will 
trust, after what happened two years ago. But this 
feeling won't carry the said Beau thro' everything, 
and / am quite confident he reckons without his host if 
he counts on it to the extent I hear." 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Whitehall, Feby. 5, 1828. 

". . . We had Lord Durham (who stood my obser- 
vations on his being grown taller very affably),* Sydney 

* Mr. Lambton had been created Baron Durham on 29th January. 


Smith, Bob Adair, Lord Robert Spencer and Ferguson 
at dinner. . . . There is no end to the disasters of the 
Whigs. Poor Jim Abercromby and the fair Mary 
Anne* give out that they leave town for ever and ever 
next Easter, and fall back upon a little farm in Derby- 
shire; but no longer to superintend the dear, deaf 
Dick-aky Duke's property, for that appointment was 
given to another when Jim was dubbed a Privy 
Councillor, it being too infra dig. to be a Right 
Honorable Bailiff! and about 2000 a year more de- 
rived from law sources were sacrificed for ever in 
like manner as being inconsistent with his rank. 
Scarlett, too, is said to be perfectly speechless, except 
when he tells that being deprived of the power of 
returning to the circuit is a clear loss to him of .5000 
a year. . . . When Mrs. Taylor and I were left alone 
about one this morning, she said: 'As I know, Mr. 
Creevey, I may trust you with anything, I must tell 
you poor Mr. Denison is broken-hearted about his 
sister Lady Conyngham ; and his only relief, he says, 
is imparting his grief to me.' According to his own 
account, he protested to her from the first against her 
living under the King's roof; but that the thing, instead 
of getting better, has become daily worse and worse. 
Not that even now he can suppose there is anything 
criminal between persons of their age, but that he never 
goes into society without hearing allusions too plain 
to be misunderstood ; and he lives in daily fear and 
expectation of the subject coming before Parliament. 
In short, such is his feeling that he has called formally 
upon his sister to leave her fat and fair friend and to go 
abroad. He has been backed in this application both 
by Lord Mountcharles t and Lady Strathaven, and he 
has told her his will is to be altered immediately if 
she holds on; but she treats all such interference 
only with bursts of passion and defiance, always 
relying upon Lady Hertford's case as her precedent 
and justification. . . ." 

* Third son of General Sir Ralph Abercromby. He was Speaker 
from 1835 to 1839, an< i his w ^ e was Marianne Leigh, daughter of 
Egerton Leigh of the West Hall, Cheshire. 

t Lady Conyngham's eldest surviving son. 

1827-28.] A QUARREL. 149 

In the beginning of 1828 the quarrel of the Malig- 
nants with Brougham passed into a sharper phase, 
and occupies a great space in Creevey's correspon- 
dence at that period. It would be wearisome to 
follow the matter in anything like detail ; suffice it to 
explain that Brougham had circulated a report that, 
at Doncaster races, Lord Grey had explained to Lord 
Cleveland (Darlington) the reason for his refusing to 
support Canning's ministry, namely, "that it leaned 
too much to the people and against the aristocracy." 
In an evil moment for peace, Brougham imparted 
this information to Creevey, reckoning, perhaps, on 
Creevey's ancient impatience with Grey for acting 
as a drag on the wheels of progress. But by this 
time Grey had become the idol of Creevey, who 
promptly remonstrated with his lordship on the im- 
prudence of his sentiments as reported by Brougham. 
Grey indignantly denied having made any such state- 
ment to Cleveland, and received that gentleman's denial 
of having had any communication with Brougham on 
the subject. Cleveland also forwarded to Grey an ex- 
planatory letter from Brougham, which, to judge from 
the force of language it elicited from Creevey, scarcely 
served to re-establish matters on a better basis. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Whitehall, Feb. 15, 1828. 

". . . This composition of Brougham's is a letter 
to Lord Cleveland written, of course, at Cleveland 
House and of four sides' length. No one who has not 
seen it can conceive its low, lying, dirty, shuffling 
villainy. However, with all his manoeuvres, he can't 
escape the charge, and he states in his own words, 
rather at more length and in stronger terms, exactly 

same substance of the conversation between Lord 


Cleveland and Grey as having passed at Doncaster, 
that he stated to me. Then he attempts to make out 
that the words are vague and may not warrant the 
construction put upon them, and the Lord knows 
what besides. He goes into fresh lies as to his uni- 
form support of Grey's character, and how he silenced 
three London channels of abuse of him, and was only 
too late by half an hour in not stopping the hostile 
article in the Edinburgh Review, and concludes with 
a warning against mischievous tale-bearers, who, for 
their own purposes, would make mischief between 
Grey and him. 

" Grey's answer to Lord Cleveland is that he is 
anything but satisfied with his lordship's letter ; that 
Brougham's letter is conclusive proof of the truth of 
the injurious statement he has made respecting his 
[Greys] conversation at Doncaster; and as his lord- 
ship had admitted in conversation at Cleveland House 
that there never was the least foundation for such 
allegation, he claims in justice to have the same 
admission under his lordship's hand. This brought 
another letter from our Niffy-Naffy marquis, in terms 
as explicit as could possibly be selected, stating the 
pleasure he had in complying with Lord Grey's request, 
and declaring unequivocally that no such conversation 
as that alleged to have passed at Doncaster between 
him and Lord Grey, or anything approaching to it, 
had. ever taken place ; and he concludes by expressing 
his regret that any misunderstanding should take place 
between Brougham and Lord Grey, and with an offer 
of his services tho' unauthorised by Brougham to 
bring about their reconciliation. To this Grey returns 
a civil answer, stating the relief it is to his mind to 
have this unequivocal denial of the injurious statement 
circulated by Brougham having any foundation in fact ; 
but that, with respect to Brougham, until he shall 
make the same unequivocal denial of the circulation 
of the injurious statement, and say that it is entirely 
destitute of truth, all confidential intercourse between 
them must be suspended. And so the thing ends, 
and a charming mess it is for the arch-fiend Lady 
Jersey, the Duke of Bedford, &c., having already copies 
[of the correspondence]. Grey,. . . says Rosslyn made 
nim much milder in his expressions than he wished." 



". . . After our dinner at Fergy's, Lord Sefton 
made me go with him to the opera. . . . From the 
Opera House we went to Crockford's new concern, 
which is magnificent and perfect in taste and beauty. 
For a suite of rooms, it is the greatest lion in England, 
and is said by those who know the palace at Versailles 
to be even more magnificent than that. . . . After 
breakfast this morning I sallied forth to see the altera- 
tions in St. James's Park, and they are really great 
improvements, but the new palace * still remains the 
devil's own. . . . Grey is quite satisfied with the Beau, 
and says he will do capitally in the Lords as Minister." 


". . . In the course of my political jaw with Grey 
I said that, altho' I never expected the Beau to apply 
to him for assistance in the formation of his Cabinet, 
yet I did expect after all their friendly intercourse, 
and after all Lord Grey's essential service, he would 
have communicated to him what was going on. He 
said very naturally that he did not think himself 
entitled to such communication, and proceeded to tell 
me what he did consider as meant from the Beau to 
him, and with which little as it was he seemed quite 
satisfied. It seems a letter came from the Beau to 
Lauderdale, directed to him at Howick, the Beau's 
name being written in the corner, and this in the 
midst of the concern. When Grey forwarded it, he 
told Lauderdale it had been a severe trial to his virtue 
to resist opening it at such a time, so Lauderdale sent 
it back to him. Its contents were to tell him he had 
offered the Ordnance toRosslyn,and to beg all Lauder- 
dale's influence with him to induce him to accept it, 
and then he goes on to say he wishes his Government 
to be anything but an exclusive one, that his own wishes 
would make it even more comprehensive, but he finds 
considerable difficulties from preconceived prejudices. 
Grey is quite right, I have no doubt, in supposing the 
1 comprehension' meant him, but the poor fellow 
thinks the ' preconceived prejudices' were those of 

* Buckingham Palace. 


Peel and the Tories, whereas I cannot doubt their 
being the property of Prinney. However, as I said 
before, he seemed as pleased as Punch with everything, 
and particularly with his own conduct and situation ; 
and so was she." 


". . . Let me mention to you that the Tankervilles 
have a box at the French play, and that he and she 
have it the alternate weeks. Is not that the image of 
them both? . . . Taylor was with old Eldon at his 
house this morning about business, and Eldon told 
him he had been shamefully used upon the formation 
of the present Government never consulted nothing 
offered him ! Was there ever? Eldon whining at his 
unhappy fate after all and to Michael Angelo Taylor 
too ! Oh dear, oh dear ! " 


"... I went to Brooks's, and, upon entering the 
room, Bruffam was sitting at a table with his back to 
me, convulsing a group of noblemen and gentlemen 
who stood round with some good story. Not having 
seen him before, I took up a lateral position to him, 
with my eye fixed upon him, waiting for recognition ; 
which was no sooner effected than up he sprung to 
embrace me with ' Well, old ultra-Tory, how are you ? ' 
' Charmingly, I thank you, dear moderate Tory ; how 

"Brooks's, 1 2th. 

". . . Sefton is cracking his jokes to the right and 
left to a numerous audience, all at the expense of 
Huskisson and Dudley, as if he had not been their 
supporter for these six months past. I really can't 
approve of him. Huskisson fell 50 per cent, in last 
night's jaw, and the Beau gained a corresponding degree 
of elevation. In short the latter will do capitally : his 
frank, blunt and yet sensible manner will beat the 
shuffling, lying Huskisson and Brougham school out 
of the field. . . . My sincere opinion is and I beg to 
record it thus early that the Beau will do something 
for. the Catholics of Ireland." 

1827-28.] RIVAL MARQUESSES. 153 

" i Qth. 

"... I was well pleased with the hearty effusion 
of my ingenuous friend Sir Colin Campbell * yester- 
day, whom I met for the first time since his return 
from Ireland. ' Well/ says I, ' Sir Colin, so we've got 
the Beau at the top of the tree at last.' ' Yes, but 
sorely against his will. I can assure you, Mr. Creevey, 
he would much rather have remained at his own post 
as head of the Army ; but, by God, sir ! nobody else 
would take the office, and he could do no other than 
he did. But, sir, you may rely upon it, he'll make an 
excellent minister. ... I can assure you the old Tories 
are already frightened out of their senses of him.' . . . 
In my way back from Lady Elizabeth Whitbread's this 
morning 1 was stopt by Burdett, who got off his horse 
and would walk back with me across the Park, his 
object being to deplore the times. . . . With all his 
admiration of Brougham's talents in publick and 
his social ones in private, his opinion was that the 
world would be benefited by his being out of it." 


". . . The Beau has made Lady Grey's brother an 
Irish bishop and Lord Rosslyn Lord Lieutenant of 
the county of Fife ; which, as his two first acts, is not 
amiss, and quite enough, as Colin Campbell said, to 
frighten people out of their senses." 

" 2 3 rd. 

". . . Allow me to mention, en passant, that the 
Marquis of Cleveland remains in London over to- 
morrow for no other purpose than that of dining with 
the DUKE OF WELLINGTON. Now was there ever? 
after all that passed last summer. The Marquis, 
however, has really struck, and keeps the patronage 
of the county versus Lord Londonderry ! " 


". . . Lord Rosslyn told me last night that he 
would have taken the Army if the Beau had offered 

* Not he who afterwards became Lord Clyde, but a namesake, 
who acted as brigade-major at the battle of Assaye, and throughout 
the first Marhatta campaign. 


it to him, tho' he had refused the Ordnance ; but he 
supposed the Duke would not let it be in other hands 
than that of a subaltern of his own." : 

" 26th. 

"... I met Lord Lansdowne in Oxford Street for 
the first time since his fall. His appearance alone 
was a sufficient disqualification of him for managing 
the affairs of the country in its present difficulties. 
His person was carefully protected by an umbrella, 
he being the only person in the street who had one 
up, and there not having been a single drop of rain 
the whole day. I congratulated him upon having no 
explanations to make in these explaining times, and I 
told him \\isfirst step had been the fatal one for him 
that of submitting to the wretch Goodrich as his 
leader in the Lords." 


". . . Dined at Lord Grey's last night, where Lord 
Durham and Bob Adair were the only company. 
Lord Rosslyn and Lady Georgiana Bathurst came in 
the evening. Grey and my lady were both very 
much amused at my making Lord Durham tell who 
dined at Brougham's Cabinet dinner last Sunday. 
Durham was one, and Sefton and the Duke of Leinster, 
Lord Stuart (Sir Charles that was), old Essex and 
four Scotch barristers. So much for a Cabinet dinner 
by a person who says he is at the head of 200 gentle- 
men of the House of Commons, and who could only 
muster one member of that body (Sefton) on this great 


" March 3rd. 

"... I met Lauderdale, who made me go with 
him to his lodgings, where I was a full hour ; but he 
splices so many subjects upon one another, it is diffi- 
cult to make a selection. . . . He is of opinion that 
any minister or any King must be stark, staring mad 
that would trust Brougham for a minute. ... I was 
in the 'Nutshell' at J past 7.! Robin Adair, young 

* Lord Hill had been appointed Commander-in-Chief. 
t Lady Holland, fiom whom Creevey had long been alienated 
owing to the schism in the Opposition ranks, had sent him a pressing 


Lord William Russell, Charles Fox and myself, were 
the only additions to John Allen and my lord and my 
lady the latter, of course, being handed down to 
dinner by Lord William. He planted himself by her 
side at the table, but she said: 'No, Lord William, 
let Mr. Creevey come next to me : it is so long since 
I have seen him.' Was there ever? . . ." 

" sth. 

". . . So you see Prinney crept into town at last 
on Monday night in the dark, when nobody could see 
his legs, or whether he could walk ; but as there is a 
Council at St. James's to-day we must hear something 
of him shortly. Lord Rosslyn is to be there to be 
sworn in as Lord Lieutenant of Fife, and he has 
promised me to keep a sharp look-out on the legs. 
. . . Here is an invitation for Sunday week from the 
Duke of Sussex, and Stephenson says, ' Oh, you must 
come, because it is a dinner purposely for Lord Grey, 
and the 16 persons asked are selected as his tried 
friends, and the thing is meant as a marked compli- 
ment from the Duke to Lord Grey.' Now in the 
world, was there ever? Sussex being, or having 
been, quite as much for Canning as any of the other 
fools, rats and rogues. I find the Duke of Bedford, 
Jersey and old Fitzwilliam are of the elect, as well 
as Taylor and myself; but neither Sefton nor 

"March 17, 1828. 

". . . Think of Grey telling me that yesterday 
morning he made his first appearance in a new 
' Wellington ' coat (a kind of a half-and-half great coat 
and undercoat, you know, meeting close and square 
below the knees), which was no sooner seen by Lady 
Grey and her daughters than it was instantly stormed 
and carried fairly and by main force from his back, 
never to see the light again at least on his back." 

". . . Sefton was very good fun about a morning 
call on Lady Holland. . . . Amongst other things she 

invitation to dine with her in " her nut-shell," a house in London 
where she was living during a temporary absence from Holland House. 


talked about ages, and observed that Lord Sefton and 
Lord Holland were of the same age about 56. ' For 
myself,' said she, ' I believe I am near the same ; ' and 
then the page being called, she said : ' Go and ask 
Mr. Allen how old I am.' As the house is so small 
and the rooms so near, they heard Allen holloa out 
in no very melodious tones' She is 57.' But Lady 
Holland was not content with this, and said it was 
too old for her, and made the page go back again ; and 
again they heard Allen roar in a much louder voice : 
< I tell you she's 57.' . . ." 

" March 2oth, 1828. 

". . . Nash or some of his crew waited upon 
Wellington the other day, stating the King's pleasure 
to have a part of the new palace at Pimlico * pulled 
down and the plan altered ; to which the Beau replied 
it was no business of his ; they might pull down as 
much as they liked. But as this was not the answer 
that was wanted, he at last said : ' If you expect me 
to put my hand to any additional expense, I'll be 
damned if I will ! ' Prinney is said to be furious about 
it. ... Prinney said to the Duke of Leeds the other 
day : ' Duke, you are one of the few people I can 
trust in times like these. Dine with me to-day at six.' 
Which he did, and they both got so drunk as to be 
nearly speechless. . . . Mr. Bankes is to move to- 
morrow for a committee to enquire into the expense of 
public buildings, and the Government is to accede to 
the motion, which will of course bring Windsor and 
Pimlico palaces to view. Well may Prinney say as 
he does that ' he sees distinctly we are going to have 
Charles ist's times again.' . . . The Beau is rising 
most rapidly in the market as a practical man of 
business. All the deputations come away charmed 
with him. But woe be to them that are too late ! He 
is punctual to a second himself, and waits for no man." 

" Brooks's, March 26th. 

" We have an event in our family. Fergy has got a 
regiment a tip-top crack one one of those beautiful 
Highland regiments that were at Brussels, Quatre-Bras 

* Buckingham Palace. 

///// . 



and Waterloo. But his manner of getting it is still 
more flattering to him and honorable to Lord Hill, 
backed, no doubt, as he must have been by the Beau. 
It has been the subject of a battle of ten days' duration 
between the King and Lord Hill. The former pro- 
posed Lord Glenlyon, the Duke of Athol's second 
son, married to the Duke of Northumberland's sister, 
who has been in the King's Household, and, as the 
King said, had his promise of this regiment (the 79th). 
On the other hand, the King has been known to say 
over and over again that Ferguson never should have 
a regiment in his lifetime for various offences. He 
voted and spoke against the Duke of York ; he went 
to Queen Caroline's in regimentals ; he moved for the 
Milan Commission, seconded by Mr. Creevey in a 
most indecent, intemperate speech, and was voted 
against by Tierney and all the Whigs as being much 
too bad ; and yet little Hill has carried him thro'. . . . 
It is understood Lord Hill signified his intention of 
resigning if his recommendation was not acceded 
to. ... I feel quite certain that Lady Conyngham's 
sneers and Sir Henry Hardinge's fears were all con- 
nected with this then pending battle." 

Earl of Sefton to Mr. Creevey. 

" Newmarket, April 26th, 1828. 

" The great fun of the week was the defeat of the 
Grosvenors, who all came from every part of the 
world to see Navarino win in a canter. He is the worst 
horse at Newmarket, and they have been deluded by 
their trainer Dilly, who made them believe he had 
beat Mameluke in a trial. Think of a man of 200,000 
a year sending his horses to a notorious rascal who 
trains for Gully, Redesdale and Stuart ! They make 
use of his horses for their betting." 

Earl Grey to Mr. Creevey. 

"May ist. 

". . . Here is a story, for the truth of which I do 
not vouch, but it is in general circulation. The King 
had appointed the Bishop of Winchester (our own 


Sumner) to administer to him the Sacrament on one 
of the Sundays about Easter. The Bishop was not 
punctual to his time, and when he arrived, the King, 
in a great passion at having been kept waiting, abused 
and even swore at him in the most indecent manner; 
on which the Bishop very coolly said he must be 
permitted to withdraw, as he perceived his Majesty 
was not then in a fit state of mind to receive the Sacra- 
ment, and should be ready to attend on some future 
day, when he hoped to find his Majesty in a better 
state of preparation ! " 

The Duke of Wellington took a different view 
from Mr. Huskisson, who had been in the Goderich 
Cabinet, upon the Corn duties ; in fact, early in 
spring, Huskisson had laid his resignation before the 
King, and only consented to withdraw it upon the 
provision being inserted in the new Corn Law that 
the full duty of 205. a quarter upon imported wheat 
should only be levied when the price fell to 605. a 
quarter the lowest, as landowners maintained, which 
was compatible with the existence of British agri- 
culture. But when the question of the disfranchise- 
ment of Penryn and East Retford came again before 
the House of Commons, three Ministers Huskisson, 
Palmerston, and Lamb (afterwards Lord Melbourne) 
voted against their colleagues in favour of disfran- 
chisement. Immediately after the division, Huskisson 
wrote to the Duke to say that he would "lose no 
time" in affording him an opportunity of placing his 
office [Colonial Secretary] "in other hands." The 
Duke took the mutinous minister sharply at his 
word, and refused to listen to the remonstrances of 
Palmerston and Dudley, who assured him that Hus- 
kisson had no wish to resign. Huskisson wrote to 
the Duke to the same effect ; but the Duke's military 

1827-28.] HUSKISSON RESIGNS. 1 59 

habit of discipline unfitted him for the kind of patience 
necessary to keep together a political party. Weary 
of perpetual friction with his Canningite colleagues, 
he declined all overtures for reconciliation. Hus- 
kisson was allowed to go, and was followed out of 
office by Palmerston, Grant, Dudley, and Lamb. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Stoke, 3rd June [Ascot Races]. 

". . . Grey has seen all the correspondence 
between the Beau and Huskisson, and a greater 
mass of lies has never been circulated than those by 
Huskisson's friends. In short, everything Wellington 
has done has been straightforward to the outside, and 
Huskisson has acted like a knave throughout, and 
Ward,* who was a negociator between them, like a 
perfect idiot. Prinney was the only sensible man 
besides the Beau, and stuck to him like a leech." 


" . . Well, have you read Huskisson's charming 
compositions of letters that he read of his own accord 
and as his own defence. Never was there anything 
so low and contemptible throughout, either in intel- 
lectual confusion or mental dirt. In short, thank 
God ! he is gone to the devil and can never shew 
again. The Beau, both in talent and plain dealing, 
in his letters and conduct, is as clean and clear as 
ever he can be.f The Pet J is quite right upon all 
these matters at last, Bruffam, tho' evidently by no 
means extinguished, is damaged in his estimation." 

" 5th. 

". . . On Tuesday the King made Jersey go over 
the names of all the company in this house, and when 

* Lord Dudley. 

t Referring to the correspondence between Mr. Huskisson and the 
Duke of Wellington about the resignation of the former. 
% LordSefton. 


he mentioned mine Prinney was pleased to say :-r- 
' Well, he's not much of a jockey I think ! ' ' 

" Whitehall, June i;th. 

". . . At night Frances* and I were at Lady 
Jersey's by half-past eleven. I wish it had been 
earlier, for we met the Duke of Wellington coming 
downstairs with a lady under his arm. He put his 
hand out to me, and gave me a very natural shake, 
and this was all, you know, that could pass between 
us under such circumstances. I must say my curiosity 
to be mixed up with him again is much abated by his 
late horrible appointments Croker a Privy Coun- 
cillor Vesey Fitzgerald a Cabinet Minister and, 
above all, that offensive, inefficient sprig of nobility, 
Lord Francis Leveson Gower, to be Secretary for 
Ireland is really beyond all enduring. The last, I 
presume, is Lady Charlotte Greville's doing, and 
must, one should think, be most prejudicial to the 
Beau. As for Jack Calcraft, I don't care a fig, and I 
am sure the dirty Canning Whigs have no cause of 
complaint against him. Talking of Secretaries for 
Ireland, do you know of Wm. Lamb's f crim. con. 
case? The facts are these. Lord Brandon,! who is 
a divine as well as a peer, got possession of a 
correspondence between his lady and Mr. Secretary 
Lamb, which left no doubt to him or any one else 
as to the nature of the connection between these 
young people. So he writes a letter to the lady 
announcing his discovery, as well as the conclusion 
he naturally draws from it ; but he adds, if she will 
exert her interest with Mr. Lamb to procure him a 
bishopric, he will overlook her offence and restore 
her the letters. To which my lady replies, she shall 
neither degrade herself nor Mr. Lamb by making 
any such application ; but that she is very grate- 
ful to my lord for the , letter he has written her, 
which she shall put immediately into Mr. Lamb's 

* Mrs. Taylor. 

f Afterwards 2nd Viscount Melbourne and Prime Minister. 

I The Rev. William Crosbie, Lord Brandon, D.D. 


"Dolphin Inn, Chichester [where Creevey was staying with 
[the Seftons for Goodwood Races], August nth. 

". . You may judge of our weather at Stoke 
when I tell you that, with all their courage and con- 
tempt of rain, we were on horseback only once, and 
for less than one hour, and then were wet thro'. 
But if the body was not regaled, the mind was at 
least by me for I pitched my tent daily in the green- 
house, read Lord Collingwood and his life and letters 
thro', and was delighted with him. You must excuse 
me if I am rather pompous and boring upon this 
subject. You see, my dear, that altho' the poor man 
was the bravest and best and most amiable of men, 
this personal character of his is nothing compared 
with the part he acts in history for the four or five 
years intervening between Nelson's death and his. 
At that time the Army was nothing, compared with 
what it became immediately after, and Collingwood 
alone by his sagacity and decision his prudence and 
moderation sustained the interests of England and 
eternally defeated the projects of France. He was, 
in truth, the prime and sole minister of England, 
acting upon the seas, corresponding himself with all 
surrounding States, and ordering and executing every- 
thing upon his own responsibility. . . . One has 
scarcely patience to think that, whilst our Govern- 
ment had the sense to see, and to tell him again and 
again, that his value to them and the country was 
such as could never be replaced, and to implore him 
actually to continue his services at the known and 
certain sacrifice of his life, still the villains were base 
enough to refuse every recommendation of his in 
favor of meritorious officers, as he justly observes, 
when parliamentary pretensions were to be put in 

" The agreeableness of the work is greatly added 
to by the constant proof it affords of the early, long 
and intimate union between Nelson and Collingwood. 
Even in the novel line, I have found nothing so 
calculated to lumpify one's throat as when one of 
these great men of war, poor Nelson, in his dying 
moments desires his captain to give his love to Colling- 



". . . A delightful drive to Arundel, the outside 
of which, grounds, &c., have been made perfect by 
our Barny * (who was not there) ; but the devil him- 
self could make nothing of the interior. Anything so 
horrid and dark and frightful in all things I never 

". . . The house at Goodwood is perfection. It is 
an immense concern, and every part of it is gaiety 
itself. It was building when I was at Chichester in 
1800 by the old Duke,t and tho' he lived to finish it, 
he only left one room furnished. The present Duke J 
has gone on with the furnishing by one room per 
annum, and as far as he has gone nothing can be done 
with more perfect taste. . . . Turning out of the hall 
on our right into the principal drawing-room, 60 feet 
long at least I should say, with a circular room open 
at the end both rooms furnished with the brightest 
yellow satin . . . here we found the ladies and 
various men. . . . There were four sisters of the 
Duchess, . . . and four plainer young women one 
can't well see. The Duchess, tho' in my mind not 
nearly so pretty as the Seftons think, is greatly 
superior to her sisters, with a most agreeable and 
intelligent countenance. . . . She has now eight 
children, and lives all the year in the country. . . . 
What a sour, snarling beast this Rogers is, and such 
a fellow for talking about the grandees he lives with 
female as well as male, and the loves he has upon his 
hands. Sefton and I hold him a damned bore." 

" Woolbeding, Aug. i6th. 

". . . This place is really exquisite its history not 
amiss. This venerable, grave old man || and offspring 
of Blenheim purchased it 35 years ago with the money 
he won as keeper of the faro bank at Brooks's, and he 
has made it what it is by his good taste in planting, 

* The 1 2th Duke of Norfolk. 

t The 3rd Duke of Richmond ; died in 1806. 

$ The 5th Duke of Richmond. 

Daughters of the ist Marquess of Anglesey. 

|| Lord Robert Spencer, 3rd son of the 3rd Duke of Marlborougb. 

1827-28.] PETWORTH. 163 

&c. . . . There is only one fictitious ornament to the 
place, and ' the Comical ' seems to have shown as much 
address in converting it into his property as he did in 
winning the estate. It is a fountain, by far the most 
perfect in taste, elegance and in everything else I ever 
saw. I am always going to it. It came from Cowdray, 
3 miles off, Lord Mountague's. When Cowdray was 
burnt down 30 years ago, this fountain, being in the 
middle of a court, was greatly defaced and neglected. 
Lord Mountague was drowned in the Rhine with 
Burdett's brother at the precise time his house was 
burnt, and so never knew it ; and as there was no one 
on the spot to look after the ruins, Bob thought it but 
a friendly office to give the fountain a retreat in his 
grounds, and as he himself told me, it cost him 100 
to remove it and put it up here. It has some fame, 
because Horace Walpole in one of his letters says he 
had gone or was going to Cowdray to see Lord 
Mountague's fountain ; and its history is well known 
as being the production of Benvenuto Cellini, . . . who, 
they tell me, was a famous man. Look in the dictionary 
and tell me about him." 

"Petworth, Aug. i8th. 

". . . Nothing can be more imposing or magnificent 
than the effect of this house the moment you are within 
it, not from that appearance of comfort which strikes 
you so much at Goodwood, for it has none. . . . Every 
door of every room was wide open from one end to 
the other, and from the front to behind, whichever way 
you looked ; and not a human being visible . . . but 
the magnitude of the space being seen all at once 
the scale of every room, gallery, passage, &c., the 
infinity of pictures and statues throughout, made as 
agreeable an impression upon me as I ever witnessed. 
How we got into the house,* I don't quite recollect, 
for I think there is no bell, but 1 know we were some 
time at the door, and when we were let in by a little 
footman, he disappeared de suite, and it was some time 
before we saw anybody else. At length a young lady 
appeared, and a very pretty one too, very nicely 
dressed and with very pretty manners. She proved 

* Creevey had come there on a visit with the Seftons. 


to be a Miss Wyndham, but, according to the custom 
of the family, not a legitimate Miss Wyndham, nor 
yet Lord Egremont's own daughter, but his brother 
William Wyndham's, who is dead. . . . We had been 
half an hour at this work [looking at the pictures] 
when in comes my Lord Egremont as extraordinary 
a person, perhaps, as any in England ; certainly the 
most so of his own caste or order. He is aged 77 and 
as fresh as may be, with a most incomparable and 
acute understanding, with much more knowledge upon 
all subjects than he chuses to pretend to, and which 
he never discloses but incidentally, and, as it were, by 
compulsion. Simplicity and sarcasm are his distin- 
guishing characteristics. He has a fortune, I believe, 
of 100,000 a year, and never man could have used it 
with such liberality and profusion as he has done. 
Years and years ago he was understood to be 200,000 
or 300,000 out of pocket for the extravagance of his 
brother Charles Wyndham, just now dead; he has 
given each of these natural daughters 40,000 upon 
their marriage ; he has dealt in the same liberal scale 
with private friends, with artists, and, lastly, with by 
no means the least costly customers with mistresses, 
of whom Lady Melbourne must have been the most 
distinguished leader in that way. 

" He was very civil, and immediately said ' What 
will you do?' and upon Sefton expressing a wish to 
see his racing establishment, a carriage was ordered 
to the door, and another for the ladies to drive about 
the park. In the interval till they arrived, he slouched 
along the rooms with his hat on and his hands in his 
breeches pockets, making occasional observations upon 
the pictures and statues, which were always most 
agreeable and instructive, but so rambling and desul- 
tory, and walking on all the time, that it was quite 
provoking to pass so rapidly over such valuable 
materials. . . . [After spending a long afternoon 
inspecting the racing stud] I was much struck with 
Lord Egremont observing that he did not take much 
interest in the thing; that it had been an amusement 
to his brother, and on that account he had gone on with 
it. When I asked Sefton if he had not been struck 
with this, he said : ' Yes ; and the more struck and the 
more pleased because he did not say his poor brother.' 

1827-28.] CREEVEY OUT IN THE COLD. 165 

" . . [At dinner] it fell to my lot to hand out Mrs. 
Wyndham, the Somerset filly,* and whatever you may 
say or think, she is really become damned handy and 
agreeable. ... I retired to my bedroom, which, upon 
measurement, I found to be 30 feet by 20, and high in 
proportion. The bed would have held six people in 
a row without the slightest inconvenience to each 
other. ... I had quantities of companions, but only 
two with names to them ' Bloody Queen Mary and 
Sir Henry Sidney as large as life. . . ." 

There follow many pages of description of the 
pictures in the house ; and although the names of the 
painters are given in much detail, there is not a word 
of George Romney's well-known works at Petworth, 
so completely had that artist, so much sought after 
now, fallen out of esteem. 

Having lost his friend Lord Thanet, by whose 
favour he sat for the borough of Appleby, and not 
being acquainted with the new earl, Mr. Creevey was 
unprovided with a seat at the election of 1828. Lord 
Darlington, indeed, possessed, among others, the 
comfortable constituency of Winchelsea, boasting no 
less than eleven electors, and returning two members 
to Parliament. These two members happened to be 
Lord Howick and Mr. Brougham, the first of whom 
was standing for Northumberland, the second for 
Westmorland neither of them with much prospect 
of winning his contest. Creevey had so completely 
won the favour of Lady Darlington that, aided by 
Mrs. Taylor, she persuaded Lord Darlington to 
promise the reversion of one of the Winchelsea seats 
to him, supposing Howick or Brougham, or both, to 

* Daughter of Lord Charles Somerset, 2nd son of the 5th Duke of 
Beaufort. She married Mr. (afterwards General Sir Henry) Wyndham, 
brother of the ist Lord Leconfield. 


be successful in the north. Creevey had an interview 
with Lord Darlington on sth June, and found that 
they were of one mind in politics, save on the Corn 
Laws, to the reform of which Darlington, as a great 
landowner, was distinctly opposed. However, ex- 
plained Creevey, "any such discussion appeared to 
me unnecessary, because there was no principle I 
held more sacred than that, when one gentleman held 
a gratuitous seat in Parliament from another, and any 
difference arose in their politicks, the former was 
bound in honor to surrender it." 

He went down and acted for Lord Howick in the 
election for Winchelsea, but as both Brougham and 
Howick failed in the northern constituencies, Creevey 
found himself, for a second time, out in the cold. 
He treated his exclusion very philosophically, and 
presently we find him writing his accustomed de- 
spatches to Miss Ord. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Stoke, August 2oth. 

". . . Old Salisbury * arrived yesterday ... in her 
accustomed manner, in a phaeton drawn by four long- 
tail black Flanders mares she driving the wheel 
horses, and a postilion on the leaders, with two out- 
riders on corresponding long-tail blacks. Her man 
and maid were in her chaise behind ; her groom and 
saddle horses arrived some time after her. It is 
impossible to do justice to the antiquity of her face. 
If, as alleged, she is only 74 years old, it is the most 
cracked, or rather furrowed piece of mosaic you ever 
saw ; but her dress, in the colours of it at least, is 
absolutely infantine. . . . Sefton says she is very 
clever, and he ought to know. I wish you just saw 
her as I do now. She thinks she is alone, and I am 

* The Dowager Marchioness, who was burnt to death with the 
west wing of Hatfield House in 1835. 

1827-28.] THE CLARE ELECTION. 167 

writing at the end of the adjoining room, the folding 
doors being open. She is reclining on a sofa, reading 
the Edinbrc? Review, without spectacles or glass of 
any kind. Her dress is white muslin, properly loaded 
with garniture, and she has just put off a very large 
bonnet, profusely gifted with bright lilac ribbons, 
leaving on her head a very nice lace cap, not less 
adorned with the brightest yellow ribbon. . . ." 

"Stoke, Aug. 26th. 

". . . Upon our return [from Egham races] our 
only company arrived was Wm. Lamb, alias Viscount 
Melbourne. I had a good walk with him and found 
him very pretty company indeed, and very instructive 
about Ireland. At about 8 we sat down to dinner- 
Prince and Princess Lieven, Lord and Lady Cowper, 
Lord Melbourne, [Sir George] Warrender, Montron, 
C. Greville, Frank Russell, Luttrell and Motteux, 
which with C. Grenville, Churchill and myself, and 
the worthy family themselves [the Seftons] made 
19 or 20. To-day the party is to be added to by 
Prince d'Aremberg, Villa Real, Alvanley and our flash 
Tom Buncombe. . . . 

"O'Connell's election and Dawson's speech at 
Derry * are conclusive proofs to me of some great 
approaching change in the fate of Ireland, and I wish 
to see that country before and during the operation 
of this crisis." 

* Vesey Fitzgerald, on accepting office, had been beaten by Dan 
O'Connell in standing his re-election for county Clare. O'Connell, as 
a Roman Catholic, could not take his seat in Parliament. The Clare 
election had a notable influence upon the question of Roman Catholic 

( 168 ) 



ALTHOUGH Mr. Creevey sometimes referred to Ireland 
as his native country, whence it is to be assumed that, 
although born in Liverpool, he reckoned himself of 
Irish descent, yet he was turned sixty before he ever 
visited that land. In the autumn of 1828 he made an 
expedition to Dublin, furnished with letters of intro- 
duction from Lord Melbourne, which stood him in 
excellent stead, as the following curiously deferential 
letter may serve to show : 

Mr. George Morris to Viscount Melbourne. 

" 27, Gardiner Place, Dublin, 6th Sept., 1828. 


"I have been highly honored by receiving 
your Lordship's most obliging Note of the 28th ultimo; 
and I continued to make daily enquiries for Mr. 
Creevy's expected arrival at the Hotels your Lordship 
referred to, 'till a letter came, under Lord Sefton's 
Privilege, addressed to Mr. Creevy at Morrisson's 
Hotel ; when I secured there a comfortable Bed Room 
for your Lordship's Friend, which proved to be fortu- 
nate, because, when Mr. Creevy came to Dublin on 
last Wednesday Evening, and before he made himself 
known at Morrisson's, he was shewn, there, into the 
only vacant Bed Room, a small and objectionable apart- 
ment. But, on announcing His Name, He was shewn 


to a comfortable Room, ordered by Lt-Col. Morris 
for Mr. Creevy, in obedience to your Lordship's com- 
mands to me, and for which I remain most grateful 
to you. 

"Mr. Creevy did me the Honor to dine with me 
here, on the Day after his Arrival in Dublin, when I 
was lucky enough to secure Mr. Blake, the Surgeon- 
General Cramp^on and Mr. Greville to meet Mr. 
Creevy at Dinner, and he was much pleased by meet- 
ing them. 

" It occurred that I was asked to Dinner at Lord 
F. L. Gower's the next Day, yesterday, and as Mr. 
Creevy, also, received an Invitation, I had the Honor 
to call for him and to take him to Dinner to your 
Lordship's late Residence in the Park,* and to bring 
him home safe to Morrisson's. I am happy to assure 
you that Lord Francis L. Gower has, again, invited 
Mr. Creevy to Dinner for this Day, and I shall not 
fail to attend Mr. Creevy, to see all the public Institu- 
tions, and Lions of Dublin, finding he is so well pleased 
with our City, that He purposes, now, to remain here 
Eight or TEN Days. 

" I moved our Friend Mr. James Corry to call on 
Mr. Creevy, as he could not meet him at my House, 
from a previous Engagement, and Corry is greatly 
pleased at his good Fortune, to be acquainted with so 
distinguished and so highly talented a Gentleman as 
your Lordship knows Mr. Creevy to be. Blake, who 
met him at the Duke of Norfolk's, and Crampton here, 
are rejoiced now to have an opportunity of inviting 
Mr. Creevy to their Houses in Dublin. 
" I remain, Ever your Lordship's 

grateful obedient 


Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Condover Hall, Sept. i, 1828. 

". . . Our coach was full, but we dropt two at 
Oxford, and to my great delight we left the other 
filthy wretch at Birmingham at 6 in the morning. 
He had been Gating prawns all night, and flinging the 

* Lord Melbourne, as Mr. Lamb, had been Secretary for Ireland. 


skins at the bottom of the coach. However, I 
changed coaches at Birmingham, so it was all mighty 
well. Having breakfasted then at that early hour, I 
came alone to Shrewsbury . . . and embarked in a 
chay for Condover Hall, just 5 miles from Salop. 
Altho' the two Stoke young ladies . . . have always 
praised the house much to me, their praises have 
been much very much below its deserts. It is a 
charming and most incomparable house. . . .^ Dear 
Mr. and Mrs. Smythe Owen and I have lived in the 
most perfect harmony since 4 o'clock on Saturday 
afternoon, but other human being have I seen none, 
except the parson at church yesterday, whom I was 
in hopes to have seen more of. He is Mr. Leicester, 
nephew to the late Lord de Tabley. . . . Having 
known his father in the days of my youth at Cam- 
bridge as by far the most ultra and impertinent dandy 
of his day, I was curious to see the son. It was 
precisely the same thing over again. This beautiful 
youth (for such he is), aged 27, has been appointed by 
the Court of Chancery guardian to his nephew Lord 
de Tabley, aged 16. About 6 weeks ago, he was 
married to his aunt Lady de Tabley, who expects to be 
confined next month. I am sorry she is not [illegible] 
for this second marriage. On her part she forfeits 
500 a year out of her jointure of 1500; and his 
diocesan, the Bishop of Lichfield, has given him notice 
he shall eject him from his living for marrying his 
aunt, which reduces his income to nothing. . . ." 

Earl of Sefton to Mr. Creevey. 

"Stoke, Sept. ;th, 1828, 


" My curiosity about the Irish road is quite 
satisfied by your enthusiastic description of it, and I 
quite feel I have seen it and the Menai Bridge. This 
is the way I like to make my tours. ... I don't believe 
the Beau has the slightest intention of doing the 
smallest thing for the Catholics, or that he ever thinks 
about them, any more than he does about the 
Russians, Turks or Greeks. When the time comes, 
he will send troops to Ireland. I believe he has no 
other nostrum for that or any other difficulty." 


Nothing impressed Mr. Creevey more favourably 
during his visit to Ireland than the management of the 
Bessborough estates, and the manner in which Lord 
and Lady Duncannon discharged the responsibilities 
of resident landowners.* 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 
" Besborough (Paradise !), Monday, Sept. 15, 1828, 7| A.M. 

". . . Well ! what a charming day I had yesterday, 
during which I said to myself repeatedly ' And can I 
really be in this savage, wretched Ireland, as I have 
always been taught to believe it was, and that it 
could be no otherwise?' We went to the parish 
church yesterday, 2^ miles off. It is a living of 
1200 a year in the gift of the Crown. The rector is 
a most liberal man, and acts hand in hand with 
Duncannon in everything. . . . The church is larger 
than yours at Rivenhall, and was literally full ; every 
one being perfectly well dressed, and not a poor 

Eerson in the aisle. As there are no poor rates in 
reland, the clergyman in finishing the Communion 
service says ' Remember the poor ! ' and a box is 
immediately brought round, into which, if my ears 
did not deceive me, I heard a chink from every pew. 

" The service over, I repaired to my favorite spot, 
the chancel, to look at the founder of this family in 
marble, Sir John Ponsonby of Cumberland, a follower 
of Cromwell, who gave him this small mark of his 
favor in return 20,000 English acres of land, con- 
fiscated property of the Catholicks who opposed the 
Protector or Usurper, whichever you like to call him. 
I expressed my surprise to Duncannon at the number 
of Protestants, and he said a great portion were 
descendants of the English who had come over with 
the first Ponsonby from Cumberland. I asked about 

* Lord Duncannon, the eldest son of the 3rd Earl of Bessborough, 
was created Baron Duncannon in the peerage of the United Kingdom 
in 1834, and succeeded his father as 4th Earl of Bessborough in 1844 
in the peerage of Ireland. He married Lady Maria Fane, daughter 
of the loth Earl of Westmorland. 


the relative number of Catholics, and he said if I had 
been at their chapel at 10, I should have seen about 
three times as many. . . . 

" Having refreshed nature by a cheerful slice of 
cold stewed beef, Duncannon and I sallied forth on 
foot, but with a couple of horses behind, in case we 
wanted them. He took me first through the village 
[Piltown]. ... I ought to apologise for calling it a 
village, for indeed I believe it is a ' town ' ; but be [it] 
what it may, it is perfect. I went into the school, where 
I found four of the Miss Ponsonbys sitting on one 
side of a school desk, in different, distinct parts of it, 
and with a little party of 5 or 6 or 7 little boys and 
girls sitting opposite to each of them, under examina- 
tion as to their catechism, &c., &c. I never saw a 
more well-behaved, attentive, and yet more cheerful 
exhibition of tuition. Duncannon took me into the 
dispensary an institution of course built by himself. 
Presiding over it was a most strikingly sharp, in- 
telligent-looking woman, with four daughters the 
eldest grown up as straight as arrows, very well 
dressed, and with the best of manners. 'That family,' 
said Duncannon, as we left the house, ' Lady Dun- 
cannon found living literally in a ditch, ill, too, of a 
fever, of which the father and two of the children 
died.' This practice of living in ditches, with some 
thatchwork over them, was very common when Dun- 
cannon first came here, but Lady Duncannon has 
found out every family of the kind, and they are now 
all housed, and very nicely, too. The dispensary 
family of course have the house they live in for 
nothing. The mother's salary is 2 a year ; all the 
girls have been taught to work, and either make their 
own cloaths or make for others, or both : but the 
result is, the whole establishment appears most happy 
and cleanly, well cloathed and, I suppose, well fed. I 
need not say they are Catholics. . . . 

" In leaving the village, we took a turn towards 
the more mountainous and, as you should suppose, 
less civilised parts; but, tho' the country is very 
populous and, as you leave Piltown, more and more 
decidedly Catholic, yet we found in all the groups of 
people assembled about their chapels or cottages the 
same marked civility. . . . Upon the slope of a hill 


and in a very nice plantation Duncannon said : ' The 
Catholic priest lives there ; I should like to say a 
word to him. Would you mind going with me ? ' 
' Quite the reverse, my dear/ says I ; so through we 
went, and a rummish, dirty house we found. A 
slatternly kind of girl told us he was at home, and in 
we went and found him and his coadjutor just going 
to sit down to dinner. . . . The principal was a jolly- 
looking, pot-bellied, intelligent little fellow as you 
will see, tho' somewhat snuffy and dirty, with as 
perfect [illegible] manners as you can find. He is 
quite at home with Duncannon, and comes and dines 
here. . . . 

" I walked thro' the village of Piltown with pun- 
cannon, and I defy anything in the most civilised 
district of England to surpass it in neatness, comfort 
and really ornament begun, of course, and mainly 
promoted by Lord and Lady Duncannon during the 
three years they have lived in Ireland, but zealously 
assisted and acted upon by all about of all descriptions. 
I never in any spot saw so marked a proof of a rapidly 
spreading civilisation ; and yet this is only four miles 
from Carrick, one of the most lawless towns in 
Tipperary. . . . Oh ! the English absentees from their 
Irish properties what they might have done here by 
their influence and without Irish prejudices. But I am 
now becoming a bore. . . . Lady Duncannon shines 
here ; she is devoted to the place, likes nothing so 
much as living here, and spends her time mostly in 
the village at her different institutions. Duncannon 
took me into one of her newly made publick works 
a fives court, where a capital game was carrying on by 
the Irish boys of the village." 

From Bessborough Mr. Creevey went to Cork and 
Killarney, whence his letters to Miss Ord continued 
abundant as ever, but chiefly deal with descriptions 
of scenery. The following, written when on a visit to 
Lord Hutchinson, his friend of the old Regency days, 
gives a glimpse of a district less happy than that about 


"Knocklofty, Oct. i, 1828. 

" Well, I got here yesterday about four and found 
Hutch really, I think, not altered a tittle. ' Well, my 
dear Creevey, I'm delighted to see you. What a lucky 
fellow you are: I've got nine ladies to meet you.' 
However, as it was, only four came Lady Hawarden, 
two daughters and a sister. . . . Lady H. was lively 
and natural enough, but I had rather severe work 
with her sister and a daughter, between whom I sat. 
. . . After dinner you may be quite sure I stuck to 
Hutch like a leech for information and his opinion upon 
the present state of things. . . . What a difference in 
districts! At Besborough only 17 Irish miles from 
here, Duncannon has not an apprehension, and during 
the rebellion of 1798 that part of Waterford took no 
part in the game of the Killarney district, tho' so near 
Bantry Bay. Here we are in the heart of the most 
disaffected part of Ireland, and a man of any property 
has a language and a creed in conformity to it. 

"'My dear Creevey,' said Hutchinson, ' those 
rascals the Orange Protestants and the fools of 
Catholics who [illegible] the Association in Dublin, 
will bring us to blows. Lord Anglesey* is already 
acting upon it and calling in all the small bodies of 20 
or 30 troops scattered up and down the country, 
because, in case of accident, they would be sure to be 
sacrificed.' ' Well,' says I, 'what is your nostrum for 
settling all this? Would Catholic emancipation do 
it?' 'I'll tell you, my dear Creevey, what it would 
do. First, it is a most disgraceful thing that Irish 
contemptible nonsense should be made the foundation 
of such bad passions. It is only common justice that 
we should all be on one footing. In this country the 
Catholicks are 50 to i : in property we are 20 to their 
i. Let us start fair as to laws, and I have a just cause 
to embark in ' and my mind is quite made up to fight 

* Lord Anglesey, who lost a leg in command of the cavalry at 
Waterloo, was no coward, yet he wrote in this year to warn the 
Government that they were on the verge of civil war in Ireland, and 
advised concession. The Duke of Wellington, though he had made 
up his mind with Peel for Catholic emancipation, recalled Anglesey 
from the Lord Lieutenancy, and appointed in his place the Duke of 
Northumberland, a consistent opponent of emancipation, 

1828.] POWER OF KILFANE. 1/5 

them in defence of my property; but I don't like 
fighting in an unjust cause. If we do come to blows, 
assisted by the English government I know we shall 
beat them, and all will be over in a month ; but from 
that day no Protestant gentleman can live in his 
country house. He must live in a town for safety, 
and England must have 20,000 more troops here than 
she has at present, eh! My dear fellow, what a state 
of things for a nation at peace. What would it be 
in war ? ' 

" He and Duncannon are both agreed about the 
Maynooth priests. This was a piece of Pitt's handi- 
work, to have these chaps educated in a Catholic 
college at home, to escape foreign contagion ; and they 
turn out the lowest and most perfidious villains going, 
whereas old Magra and a priest of 700 a year at 
Clonmel, whom Hutch praises most profusely, are of 
French education, and have all the good manners, at 
least, of that [illegible] nation. . . . Oh, I forgot, too, 
that Hutch gave me another good effect of Catholic 
emancipation : it would separate those of property in 
matters of the government." 

- "Kilfane, 4 Oct., 1828. 

". . . We came over here yesterday in an open 
carriage, 20 miles over the mountains in torrents of 
rain. . . . Mrs. Power is poor old Grattan's niece his 
sister's daughter. Besides this, she is cousin to the 
great Irish wit, Chief Justice Bushe, whose estate and 
residence join hers ; and who, if you come to that, has 
been over here to see me this morning. . . . You don't 
know, perhaps, that no man has more reputation in 
Ireland as a wit and Liberal than this Chief Justice 
Bushe; and yet old Hutch, when he found I was going 
to Kilfane, was pleased to say : ' Then you will see 
my cousin Bushe. He is a man of great wit; he 
knows no law, and is false as hell.'" 

" Kilfane, Oct. 5. 

". . . Now I have seen a real Irish Protestant 
church. When I entered it, two parsons were sitting 
in a row at the reading desk one, the rector and 
Archdeacon of Ossory the other his curate. We 


were 1 5 company from the house and 4 from the Chief 
Justice's. Duncannon and Lady Duncannon, man and 
maid were there, and, so help me God ! not a soul else. 
The parish is a large and populous one, but without a 
single Protestant in it except these two families nay, 
not even amongst their servants. Mr. Power's steward 
or warder officiates as clerk. The living is 500 a 
year : the Catholic coadjutor or priest has 70 ! . . 

" Besborough, 5th Oct. 

"Well, my visit to Hutch really was charming. 
Take him altogether the very prominent parts he 
has filled in life, in all quarters and upon all subjects, 
coupled with the genuine simplicity and honesty with 
which he communicates his knowledge he is by far 
the most interesting and agreeable man I know. . . . 
His position is very different from that of Duncannon. 
Here it is all quietness ; he Hutch tho' only 17 miles 
off, is in the very centre of disaffection. It is not sur- 
prising, under such circumstances, that he feels more 
strongly the present state of Ireland, and is less 
sanguine as to even Catholic emancipation setting it 
right. . . . His notion, however, is that having land 
at greatly reduced rents and no tythes is a feeling 
pervading the great Catholic body of the people, and 
encreasing daily. Education (he said) has done great 
harm, for it is turned to no useful purpose, and with 
a greatly overcharged population, and comparatively 
no occupation for it, it produces nothing but specu- 
lation upon their own condition and the means of 
amending it. The murder of his own tenant, a mile 
and a half only from his house, was well calculated 
to make a most unfavorable impression upon him 
against the Catholics. The particulars were these. 
A tenant of his was in arrear 700, and without any 
means of discharging it, except as far as his stock 
would go. Hutch said to him: 'You are getting 
from bad to worse in this farm, and are evidently in- 
capable of managing it. I excuse you your arrear: 
take all your stock with you to a smaller farm of mine, 
and see what you can make of that' He did so, and 
Hutch put into the larger farm a man out of the county 
of Cork as respectable and humane a man as Ireland 


could produce. But that did not save him from being 
most cruelly murdered, certainly by the suggestion 
and consent of the outgoing tenant. This in a village, 
too, where the murder lasted two hours, was known 
to be going on, and no one would help the unfortunate 
victim. Hutch has now taken the farm into his own 
hands. . . . 

"Still, with all these feelings and impressions of 
Lord Donoughmore, when we got Lord Anglesey's 
proclamation at breakfast yesterday against these 
tatholic assemblages in towns, he said: 'I am damned 
sorry, Creevey, for this measure of Anglesea. He 
wrote to me a fortnight ago, asking my advice upon 
the subject, and I gave it to let them alone. I have 
since been in communication with the Catholic bishop 
of the diocese, and received his positive assurance 
last night that these meetings were at an end. These 
villains of Orangemen will now very naturally con- 
clude that this is a measure and an avowed opinion 
of the Government against the Catholics, and will be 
more eager to begin the work of blood than ever.' . . . 

"Amongst the opinionswith which Lord Hutchinson 
favored me whilst I was with him were the following 
'Who do you dine with at Dublin, Creevey, when 
you are there?' 'Why,' says I, ' Blake, I think, is my 
particular patron.' 'Ah,' said he, 'he is a very agree- 
able fellow, but take care of him. There is not a 
greater lyar in all Dublin, and he's as hollow as a 
drum.' 'Then/ says I, 'there's Mr, Corry of Merrion 
Square, who is mighty attentive to me.' 'Ah,' says 
he, ' Secretary to the Linen Board, and wants to in- 
trigue himself into Gregory's place as Under-secretary 
of State he's a very good comedian, that fellow ; 1 
don't know any other merit he has.'" 

"Kingstown, 7 Oct., 1828. 

" Don't I put you in mind of Mungo ' Mungo's 
here, Mungo's there, Mungo's everywhere.' Well, 
before I say a single word about Molly Payne or any- 
one else, ... I must enlighten you upon the imme- 
diate causes of the present crisis of this country. 
Remember, it is no vague theory of my own. Lord 



Donoughmore is my historian; he was a principal 
actor in what I am about to state, and, what is more, 
he is the only surviving one. . . , He was observing 
to me that the English government never took any 
measures respecting Ireland except when pushed into 
it ; and then they always took the wrong one, as they 
did when the 405. election franchise was granted. 'Tell 
me/ says I, ' about that ; ' and to the best of my belief 
he spoke as follows. ... ^ In the year 1792 the Catholics 
of Ireland presented a petition to the Irish House of 
Commons, praying for a qualified franchise in the 
election of members of Parliament. Five or six days 
after it was presented, David Latouche moved that 
such petition should be taken off the table and out of 
the House, upon the avowed ground of the audacity 
of its prayer. The House divided for Latouche's 
motion 208 against it 25. Forbes and I were tellers. 
Forbes was as honest a fellow as ever lived, and 
Grattan was always a stout fellow to act with ; so we 
three consulted together, and we summoned some of 
the leading Catholics of Dublin to meet us. Keogh, 
a silk mercer, and a very rich man, was our principal 
[illegible]. He was a damned clever fellow, and the 
only Catholic of courage I ever saw. We told them 
that, as Catholics, they had received an insult from 
the House of Commons ; they ought never to submit 
to that; we, as their friends and advocates, felt our- 
selves in the same situation, and were determined not 
to put up with it. We said the thing to be done was 
for the Catholics of Ireland to send delegates to Dublin 
to agree with us and amongst themselves what step 
they meant to take next. But the Catholics we had 
summoned were all frightened, and said it would never 
do. Keogh alone stood firm with us, and we said it 
should do ; and it was settled that letters should be 
sent into all the provinces summoning them to send 
their delegates to Dublin. 

" ' During the autumn of this year I went to see 
La Fayette, and to look at the French armies. I 
desired my brother Donoughmore to act for/ne with 
the ^ Catholics in my absence. When he #bok the 
business up, he was told by Keogh that the"atholics 
in Cork and other parts of Munster were very shy, 
and would not send any delegates; upon which my 


brother went down, and went round every chapel 
and saw every priest in Munster, and eventually 300 
delegates made their appearance in Dublin. When 
they had assembled there, they were affraid of having 
any publick meetings, and told my brother they would 
be taken up ; to which he said they should not that 
he would stand between them and the government. 
They met, and agreed to present the same petition to 
the King that they had presented to the Irish Parlia- 

" ' My brother waited upon Hobart, then Secretary 
for Ireland, and asked what he meant to do with the 
Catholic delegates now assembled in Dublin. Hobart 
said "Put them down by force:" to which my 
brother said " You dare not ! but if you have any 
conciliatory measure to propose to them, I offer my- 
self as the channel : " and so they parted. 

" ' A short time after, Hobart sent for my brother, 
and asked to see the petition. My brother said : 
''You shall see the petition, but you shall not forward 
it to the King, because you are their enemy." So 
they selected Lord French, Keogh, Burn, Bellew and 
Devereux as their delegates to go to London and 
present their petition to the King. Grattan and I met 
them there to keep them up to their mark, and to see 
that they did not betray their cause. We found that 
Pitt and Dundas, after two or three interviews with 
these delegates, said they should advise the prayer of 
their petition being granted, and that the qualification 
should be 405. 

" ' Upon this, Grattan and I asked to see Dundas, 
and we had different interviews with him, in which we 
stated that the Catholics, in asking for a qualified 
franchise, had never thought of less than 20 a year, 
and that they would be content even with $o. W T e 
urged again and again the impolicy of so low a fran- 
chise ; and all we could get from Dundas was that it 
must be the same as it was in England. And so in 
1793; the very same Parliament that the year before 
would not permit the Catholic petition, praying for a 
qualified franchise, to lie upon their table, now was 
made to give them the 405. franchise.' 

" Well, now for the modern priesthood. 

" ' When Pitt established the college at Maynooth/ 


said Lord Donoughmore, ' he gave to Ireland a re- 
publican priesthood. Formerly it required some 
money to educate candidates for orders in foreign 
countries, so that they were necessarily Catholic 
gentlemen's sons ; and they returned from France, 
Spain or Portugal with the manners of gentlemen and 
strict monarchical principles. But from the time that 
these priests are educated at Dublin for nothing, people 
of any property no longer send their sons there, and 
the College is filled with people from the very ranks 
of the population farmers' sons, &c. The effect of 
this is visible to every one. A priest of the old school 
lives at Clonmel, whom I can trust or act with as I 
would with my brother; but none of the young ones 
from Maynoothwill have anything to dp with me; and 
these rascals are always caballing against the old set, 
and trying to get the nomination to bishopricks into 
their own hands. 

"'. . , Now, at last, Ireland is enjoying the blessings 
thus bestowed upon her by Pitt and Dundas an 
ultra-popular franchise and a republican priesthood, 
given to the most bigoted nation in Europe, with a 
population of six to one against the Protestants. This 
ritt is, forsooth, "the pilot that weathered the 
storm." . . . 

" ' You don't know Spring- Rice,* alias Jack the 
Painter; he is the least-looking shrimp, and the 
lowest-looking one too, possible. . . . He does not 
look above five or six and twenty. He is very clever 
in conversation, tells his stories capitally, like a man 
of the world in great practice, without any vulgarity, 
and never overcharging them ; but as for the interest 
he takes about Ireland I am quite sure my old shoe 
feels as much. He did everything but say it, that to 
be a King's Counsel was as much the right of a 
Catholic as a Protestant, and that he would goad 
Catholic Ireland into resistance till his object was accom- 
plished. 1 

"I caught my friend Norman Macdonald's eye 
whilst this harangue was going on ... and in walking 

* At that time Under Secretary of State for the Home Department, 
afterwards Chancellor of the Exchequer 1835-39 ; created Baron Mont- 
eagle in 1839; died 1866. 

1828.] IRISH SOCIETY. l8l 

home together we both agreed that a more barefaced 
scoundrel had never been exhibited to us." 

"Dear Dublin, Oct. 12. 

". . . Yesterday I dined at that attached friend 
from my infancy Mr. Corry of Merrion Square, and 
had the honor of making the acquaintance of Mr. Shiel. 
The others were Surgeon-General Philip Crampton, 
who is the Castle man-of-fashion in all Lord-Lieuten- 
ancies, and whom the good sense of Dublin has Xtened 
< Flourishing Phil/ and there never was a happier 
name. . . ." 

" Kingstown, Oct. 13. 

". . . My eye ! the quantity of people I saw yester- 
day and the day before that I knew, who pressed me 
to come and see them, or to visit others they would 
write to. Certainly, there is nothing like this Irish 
civility and hospitality. To think of Lord Plunket 
coming up, shaking hands and apologising for not 
having called on me as he was only in town for a few 
hours to attend a Privy Council. . . . I'm very sorry 
I could not accept Grattan's invitation for yesterday. 
. . . Then the KTnight of Kerry, who franks this, has 
written to Lord Landaff, saying he has nearly per- 
suaded me to visit him at Thomastown the place 
described by Swift. . . ." 

"Lyons, co. Kildare [Lord Cloncurry's], i$th Oct., 1828. 

". . . I arrived here on Monday, and found Lord 
and Lady William Paget, Lord and Lady Erroll, Lord 
Forbes, and three or four other men. My eye ! how 
Lady Erroll puts me in mind of her mother Acting 
Nell or Miss Hoyden. We became kind of cronies 
from the very first minute. If you come to that 
Lady William Paget and I were very fair too, to say 
nothing of the civilities to me of the young men their 
husbands. . . . The Angleseys did not come till 
yesterday. Greatly to my annoyance I sat next to 
her at dinner. The young men, Erroll and Co., made 
me do so, the Duke of Leinster not having arrived, as 
he always walks out to dinner, however distant. He 
did not arrive till it was at least half over. Our Lord- 


Lieutenant * was as gracious as possible gave me 
his opinion about Ireland last night in the most un- 
reserved manner . . . that it was his firm opinion 
that if the Irish people had but justice done them, 
they would be a happy and prosperous nation." 

" Kilfane, Oct. 23. 

". . . Lady Duncannon stated her intention of 
going to the meeting at Kilkenny, to my great sur- 
prise, and, as I thought, Duncannon would rather she 
had not. However, in her quiet way I saw she was 
resolved ; and accordingly she, Mr. Power, Mr. Tighe 
of Woodstock and myself embarked after breakfast in 
a decayed old family coach of Mr. Power's, that is 
never used for any other purpose than that of convey- 
ing him and his brother foxhunters to cover. Dun- 
cannon rode, according to his custom. The meeting 
was in an immense Catholic chapel, which was 
crowded to excess. A great portion of its interior 
was covered with a platform for the speakers and the 
gentlemen interested in the business. It being known 
that Lady Duncannon was coming, we were met by a 
manager at the chapel door, who told her a place was 
reserved for her upon the platform. . . . There were 
women without end in the galleries. I was my lady's 
bottle-holder and held her cloak for her the whole 
time ; not that she wanted my assistance, for I never 
saw such pretty attentions as were shewn her all the 
day. . . . We knew, of course, that Duncannon was 
to be voted into the chair, and as he could not be so 
without making a speech, she was nervous to the 
greatest degree publick speaking being quite out of 
his line. However, he acquitted himself to admiration 
and to the satisfaction of all ; and upon my saying to 
her : ' Come ! we are in port now : nothing can be 
better than this/ she said ' How surprised I am 
how well he is speaking ! ' and then, having shed some 
tears, she was quite comfortable and enjoyed every- 
thing extremely, till the meeting adjourned till the next 
day. ... It was a prodigious day for Duncannon, for, 
with the exception of Power and Tighe, not one of 

* The Marquess of Anglesey. 

1828.] DAN O'CONNELL. 183 

the Protestant gentry present gave Duncannon a 
vote at the last election, nor did they ever attend a 
Catholic meeting before, though always Liberal, but 
they went with the Ormonde family. . . . There was 
one speech made that in point of talent far surpassed 
all the rest. The speaker was a Protestant squire of 
large fortune from the county of Wexford, Boyce by 
name. . . . O'Connell is far too dramatic for my taste, 
and yet the nation is dramatic and likes it ; and, if 
you come to that, even poor old Grattan was highly 
ornamental too. Then I became far more tolerant 
about O'Connell from what I saw of him on Tuesday 
at our dinner. He has a very good-humoured counte- 
nance and manner, and looks much more like a Kerry 
squire (which, in truth, he and his race are) than a 
Dublin lawyer. Then Bushe told me on Monday that 
he [O'Connell] was at the head of the Bar, and 
deservedly so, and that if he (the Chief Justice) had a 
suit at law, he would certainly employ him. This, 
you know, makes a great case for your green-handker- 
chief man. Then his face is such a contrast to that of 
the little spiteful, snarling Shiel. 

" You can form no notion of the intense attention 
paid by the audience of all ages and of all degrees to 
what was going on ; it seemed to be purely critical, 
without a particle of fanaticism. On the floor of the 
chapel, in front of the platform, the commonest people 
from the streets of Kilkenny were collected in great 
numbers ; and if a publick speaker in the midst of his 
speech was at all at a loss for a word, I heard the 
proper word suggested from 5 or 6 different voices of 
this beggarly audience. . . . Yet a better behaved 
and more orderly audience could not possibly have 
been collected. . . . 

" When the dinner was announced . . . there was 
a great body of as well-bred gentry as I ever saw 
collected together. . . . When I mention that the 
tickets were 1 155. each, and the company 200, you 
may imagine it was not bad company. ... I never 
in my life saw a more agreeable, harmonious meeting 
full of life, and yet no drunkenness, tho' we sat 
without a single departure till one. . . . My friend 
Mr. Power appeared in a new character to me that 
night I mean as a speaker, and a better one (for his 


situation) I never in my life heard. It has been justly 
said by someone that 'no man has seen Ireland who 
has not seen John Power ; ' and so say I. ... I have 
had this letter in my pocket since Monday, as I could 
not draw upon Duncannon for franks in the midst of 
his constituents, who wanted them." 

Mrs. Taylor to Mr. Creevey. 

" Howick, ist Nov. 

". . . We came here ten days ago, and shall remain 
two days longer. We found them all well, Ly. Grey 
looking better than I have ever seen her for some 
time, and he is, I think, grown younger and better 
looking than ever I saw him. But I am sorry to say 
that in my opinion Brougham will regain his old 
influence over him. He read me a letter from him 
about the Whigs and the King's health, exactly as if 
no misunderstanding had ever existed. In short, if 
Lady Grey does not prevent it, everything will be 
forgotten ; but she and I perfectly agree about him, 
and I hope her influence will prevail. Lord Grey 
really makes me angry, after the way he has been 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Woodstock, Kilkenny [Mr. Tighe's], Nov. 3rd. 
"... I really think a more worthy, amiable and 
obliging young person is not to be found than this 
Lady Louisa Tighe.* I had heard from every one 
before how much beloved she was by all around her, 
and I have no doubt it is so. She is quite in Lady 
Duncannon's line as to her devotion to her poorer 
nibbersj and quite as successful, but then I daresay 
Mrs. Tighe had done much, and there has always been 
a resident family here. . . She tells me her sister Lady 

* Fifth daughter of the 4th Duke of Richmond; married in 1825 
the Right Hon. W. F. Tighe of Woodstock. It has often been told of 
this lady that she buckled the Duke of Wellington's sword-belt when 
he left her mother's ball-room on the morning of Quatre-Bras ; but 
this she always emphatically denied. She died 2nd March, 1900. 
t Neighbours. 


Sarah * in America has 6 children and Lady Mary t 
at the Cape four. . . . She [Lady Louisa] has a plain 
face, but a most agreeable expression in it. She read 
[prayers] uncommonly well last night, which I was 
surprised at, as their education was never considered 
of the best. . . . We are to have the Lord knows who 
to-day in the way of company to stay in the house ; 
amongst others, Fred Berkeley t and his wife, who is 
a sister of Lady Louisa's. They come from Cork, 
where he has a ship. 

" What think you of old Down Richmond being 
here for 3 months, and never once during the time 
speaking to Tighe? Was there ever such impu- 
dence ? He being, not only the most gentleman- 
like, well-bred person possible, and evidently he and 
his wife the happiest [couple] with each other. All 
the nibbers, of which there are shoals, say his be- 
haviour under this outrage was perfect Dp you know 
that this is the house from which those chiennes Lady 
Eleanor Butler and Miss Ponsonby, the heroines of 
Llangollen, escaped to that retreat they have occu- 
pied ever since. Lady Eleanor Butler, aunt to the 

* Second daughter of the 4th Duke of Richmond ; married in 1815 
to General Sir Peregrine Maitland, G.C.B., and died in 1873. 

f Eldest daughter of the 4th Duke of Richmond ; married Sir 
Charles Fitzroy, K.C.B., and died in 1847. 

J Afterwards Admiral the Right Hon. Sir Maurice Frederick 
Berkeley, G.C.B., created Baron Fitzhardinge in 1861 ; married Lady 
Charlotte Lennox, 6th daughter of the 4th Duke of Richmond, and died 
in 1867. 

Youngest daughter of the i6th Earl of Ormonde \de jure]. 
Writing from Llangollen to his son on 24th August, 1829, Mr. John 
Murray has the following : 

"We had a great treat yesterday in being invited to introduce 
ourselves to the celebrated Miss Ponsonby, of whom you must have 
heard as becoming early tired of fashionable life, and having with- 
drawn, accompanied by a kindred friend, Lady Eleanor Butler, to a 
delightful, and at that period unfrequented, spot a quarter of a mile 
from Llangollen, overhanging the rapid and beautiful river Dee. 
Lady Eleanor died there a few months ago at the age of 91, after 
having lived with Miss Ponsonby in the same cottage upwards of 50 
years. It is very singular that the ladies intending to retire from the 
world, absolutely brought all the world to visit them ; for, after a few 
years of seclusion, their strange story was the universal subject of 


present Lord Ormonde, got over their castle wall that 
I have seen in the town of Kilkenny, broke her arm 
and was caught. When she escaped the second time, 
she and Miss Ponsonby found their way here. 
Tighe's grandmother, Lady Betty Ponsonby (that 
had been) from Besborough, being then mistress of 
Woodstock, concealed the runaways till they and a 
faithful housemaid from the place got away in safety 
to their [illegible]. The said Miss Ponsonby has a 
brother living in the county now, having changed 
his name to Walker for a fortune of 15,000 a year. 
His wife seems to have been quite as neat an article 
as his sister or her friend Lady Eleanor Butler ; for, 
as they were riding out on horseback one day, she 
pointed out a good stiff hurdle to him, and said 
1 Now, go over that to please me.' To which he 
replied ' I thank you ; but I am not going to break 
my neck for any such nonsense.' ' Then, said she, 
' you are not the man for me, and if you won't go over 
it, I will : ' and over it she flew. To this hour, he has 
never seen her face since : so Kilkenny's the county 
for fun and fancy. ..." 

Earl of Sefton to Mr. Creevey. 

" London, 7th Nov. 

". . . Nothing has transpired as to the D[uke] of 
Wellington's] intentions about Ireland, for a very 
good reason, / believe viz., that he has no intentions 
whatever on the subject. The reports about the 

conversation, and there has been no person of rank, talent and import- 
ance in any way who did not procure introduction to them. All that 
was passing in the world, they had it fresh as it arose, and in four 
hours' conversation with Miss Ponsonby one day, and three the next, 
I found that she knew everything and everybody, and was, at the age 
of 80, or nearly so, a most inexhaustible fund of entertaining instruc- 
tion and lively communication. The cottage is remarkable for the 
taste of its appropriate fitting up with ancient oak, presented by 
different friends, from old castles and monasteries, &c., none of it of 
less antiquity than 1200 years [!]. She declared to me that during the 
whole fifty years she never knew a moment that hung heavy upon her, 
and no sorrows, but from the loss of friends" [Smiles's Memoirs of 
John Murray, ii. 304]. 


King's health have no other origin than the mystery 
kept up about him. You will soon hear of him as 
well as ever. In the meantime he will attend to no 
business, nor sign anything. Among others, Berkeley * 
cannot get his commission signed. . . ." 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Dear Dublin, Nov. 8th. 

"Oh dear, oh dear! this Ireland is rather too 
hospitable : not that I was inebriated yesterday, but 
still it was rather severe. A better dinner I never 
saw than at our Guards mess, nor three and twenty 
more ornamental, well-bred young men, Jimmy 
Cameron included. I was more in love with the army 
than ever. We drunk a good deal of wine, but by no 
means too much, and drunk our coffee, when some 
young Hussars who were my neighbours (visitors 
like myself) withdrew, and two Guardsmen came up 
to me. The name of one was Fludyer, and they 
were evidently bent upon a jaw with me ; so what 
could I do, you know, but take another glass of claret 
with them ; which I did, and we parted the best of 
friends. . . . But this was by no means the end of 
the campaign ; for, upon going into the great coffee- 
room of this hotel, as is my custom, there were three 
young Irishmen over their bottle, indulging in songs 
as well as wine, and nothing would serve them but 
my joining their party. Now upon my soul and 
body, I was not the least drunk when I did so, sus- 
picious as it may seem ; but there was something irre- 
sistibly droll in their appearance. Then they would 
know my name, and then they knew me both by name 
and fame ; and they proved to me they did so. They 
sung songs and 1 sat with them till near two o'clock, 
and never fellow was more made of than I was by my 
unknown friends. Ah ! Mr. Thomas, Mr. Thomas : 
you are a neat article when left to yourself. . . . Now 
let me say this once for all, and I do so from the 
bottom of my heart. I would rather trust myself 
with Irish people than with any other in the whole 
world be they who they may, Betty. . . ." 

* Lord Sefton's 2nd son, the Hon. Berkeley Molyneux. 


"Dublin, 1 5th Nov. 

"... I trust you see our Dan O'Connell has 
denounced poor Barny, altho' he is Duke of Norfolk, 
for presuming to say he would give any securities 
as the price of settling the Catholic question. A 
greater piece of folly was never committed than this 
of Barny so uncalled for and not to feel sure that 
O'Connell, in the present plenitude of his power over 
Catholic Ireland, would never submit to this question 
being settled by any one but himself, and especially 
by an English Catholic, who in truth is nobody. Then 
all this is the more extraordinary in the Duke, because 
he has told me again [and again] that the great point 
was for our government and the Pope to settle this 
question of securities without any of the Irish nation 
clergy or laity knowing a word of what was going 
on ; for, if they did, they would defeat all such arrange- 
ments : and then the blockhead is the very man to put 
the whole matter in a flame by broaching the very 
subject that, according to himself, could only be settled 
in private." 

"Dublin, Nov. 21. 

". . . I was charmed with my day at my Lord 
Lieutenant's, notwithstanding the settled gloom of 
Lady Anglesey and the forbidding frowns of the 
Lady Pagets. The party at dinner and their position 
was as follows. Berkeley Paget * at the top : on his 
right, Chief Justice Bushe, Lord Plunket, a Lady Paget, 
Lord Anglesey, another Lady Paget, Lord Howth, Col. 
Thornhill. At the bottom Burton, aide-de-camp and 
secretary, 3rd Lady Paget, Corry, 4th Lady raget, 
Lord Francis Leveson,t Lady Anglesea, Lord Clanri- 
carde, Mr. Creevey, and Mr. Solicitor-General Dog- 
herty. I have left out somebody that I forget. Altho' 
I had never been introduced to Clanricarde J I threw 
off directly with ' The last time I had the pleasure 
of seeing you, my lord, was at the Race ball at 
Chelmsford.' ' Yes/ said he, 'and I hope I shall have 
the pleasure of seeing you there next year, too, for I 

* Younger brother of the Marquess of Anglesey. Died in 1842. 

t Created Earl of Ellesmere in 1846. 

J Fourteenth Earl and ist Marquess ot Clanricarde. Died in 1874. 


am steward, and I hope you'll patronise me.' So it 
was all mighty well to be launched thus easily, and 
we discussed Ireland, and were quite one in our 

" I had no notion Lord Anglesey could have been 
so gay in manner : it was really quite agreeable to see 
him in such spirits. . . . During dinner, he said across 
the table to me: ' Why, Mr. Creevey, you have quite 
taken root in Ireland.' ' I have been very much 
delighted with it, my lord,' I replied. ' Have you 
seen Donoughmore lately ? ' ' Not since I met your 
lordship at Lyons. 1 ' Have you been in the North at 
all ? ' ' No, my lord, I had not courage to go into that 
disturbed part of Ireland. I prefer the tranquillity of 
the South.' Upon which the two Chief Justices were 
pleased to smile; so did my Lord Lieutenant, and 
keeping his eyes fixed upon me he concluded : ' Will 
you drink a glass of wine with me, Mr. Creevey ? ' 
' With great pleasure, my lord ; ' and I had the same 
favor shown me by the two Judges and Mr. Solicitor. 
So it was all mighty well, you know. 

" After a perfectly easy, conversational dinner, we 
drank coffee, had the billiard room open, and people 
playing and others walking about and jawing, just as 
they liked. I can't think how it was that, in talking 
of heat and cold in rooms^ Lord Anglesey said he 
preferred the canopy of Heaven to any other coyer- 
ing, ... to which I said I had been greatly surprised 
at a proof of that, when I saw him sitting out in the 
park at Brussells, 3 or 4 days after the battle of 
Waterloo.' Ah,' said he, ' did you see me ? It was 
so certainly. I was at Madame [illegible]^ house, and 
very kind to me they were.' ' I knew your house too 
at Waterloo,' said I, ' and well remember the trees in 
the garden.' 'Why, do you know,' said he, 'the 
people of that house have made the Lord knows what 
by people coming to see the grave of my leg which 
was buried in the garden ! ' and he said this in a 
manner as much as to say ' What damned fools they 
must be ! ' 

" I had a good deal of jaw in private with Plunket 
during the evening; and when I asked him his opinion 
as to anything being done in the approaching session 
about the Catholics, he gave a most decided one that 


there would ; but upon examining him closely, it was 
quite clear he thought so only because it ought to be 
so ; and I am convinced that neither he nor Lord 
Anglesey know one word from the Duke of Wellington 
as to what his opinion and intentions are upon this 
subject. . . . Betty, my dear, you were too hard upon 
me for my ingenuous folly in revealing my midnight 
revel here. I assure you I was not otherwise dis- 
graced than as a silent observer of the 3 frolicksome 
Irishmen. . . ." 

" Carton [The Duke of Leinster's], 2$th Nov. 

" What a difference it makes when one has a room 
to write in with all one's little comforts about one. I 
never, to my mind, had one so made for me as my 
present one. It is a fat, lofty, square, moderate-sized 
room on the ground floor French to the backbone in 
its furniture, gilt on the roof, gilded looking-glasses 
in all directions, fancy landskapes and figures in 
pannells, a capital canopy bed, furniture white 
ground with bouquets of roses of all colours, and the 
bouquets as large as a small hat. Armchairs ditto : 
chests of drawers, 2 cjuite new and might be from 
Paris. My own escritoire in a recess with paper 
lighters before me of all colours, and in another corner 
of the room another recess that shall be nameless, 
through a door, quite belonging to itself and to no 
other apartment; the whole to conclude with a charm- 
ing fire which woke me by its crackling nearly an 
hour ago, whilst my maid thought, of course, she was 
making it without waking the gentleman. ... I flew 
my kite at the Duke per Saturday's post. ... I left 
Dublin in my post-chaise about J past two the 
distance 12 Irish miles, i.e. 15 English, and it was too 
dark when I arrived to see anything of the exterior. 
I was shown into a long, most comfortable library, 
with a door half open into a fat drawing-room, and 
was told his Grace should know I had come. Presently 
a gentleman and the Duke's two fine boys came in, and 
I soon found that the former was the parlez-vous tutor 
to the others. After a certain time, the Duke appeared : 
he was all kindness and good humor, as he always 
is. ... After a good deal of jaw, and telling me they 

1828.] CARTON. 19* 

dined at half-past six, he conducted me himself to my 
bedroom, and would not have minded brushing my 
coat if I had wanted it. 

"All this time it appeared to me likely that I 
was the only stranger in the house : and what of 
that ? Tant mieux. . . . However, upon returning to 
the drawing-room, there were men there, and the 

Duke said ' Captain (I forget his name) Mr. 

Creevey : my brother Augustus Stanhope,* Mr. 
Creevey : my Napoleon Mr. Henry. . . . Do you know 
Lord Seymour,! Mr. Creevey ? Do you know Lord 
Acheson J ? ' and in this way I was introduced to these 
youths. Augustus Stanhope is the one that was dis- 
missed the army by court martial for doing Lord 
Yarmouth out of a large sum at play. . . . Then 
entered the Duchess, and from the prettyness of her 
manner it was quite impossible not to feel at home 
with her from that moment ; but she is not nearly so 
pretty as I expected. . . . Well of course one of the 
quality lads handed her out : the others were on 
her other side, and I pitched my tent with my right 
ear to her, next Lord Seymour, and brought her into 
action in the first 3 minutes. She evidently was 
all for ' de laugh,' and two more demure, negative 
striplings could not well be than her neighbours 
appeared. . . . They seemed somewhat astonished 
at the free and easy position that I took up ; how- 
ever I took the lead and kept it till we all went to 
bed at i ij. ... 

" This morning, breakfast punctually at J past nine 
. . . the nobility sprigs still mute, and everything to 
be done by Mr. Thomas. 

"After breakfast, I walked with the Duchess and 
her brother, and when the latter left us, she proposed 
showing me her cottage and flower-garden. . . . Whilst 
we were there, the Duke arrived with the lordlings, 
being on his way to show them Maynooth College, 

* Eleventh son of the 3rd Earl of Harrington, and brother of the 
Duchess of Leinster. 

t Eldest son of nth Duke of Somerset: succeeded as I2th Duke 
on his father's death in 1855. 

J Succeeded his father in 1849 as 3 r d Earl of Gosford. 

Mr. Creevey was very deaf in the left ear. 


about a mile and a half (Irish) further on : so he said 
'Would you like to see it, Mr. Creeyey?' 'Very 
much/ said I, but then muttered something at our not 
having the Duchess. ' O, a thousand thanks/ said she; 
' I am a great walker, and will walk there too : ' and 
so she did, and pretty well bespattered she was when 
we returned just now. 

" However, I have been thro' the college, and seen 
a good many of these 380 precious blackguards that 
are now in college there, and of all the disgusting 
concerns for filth the Maynooth business stands pre- 
eminent. And yet these are the men that are to guide 
and controul the whole Catholic population of Ireland. 
Maynooth Castle in its ruins is an immense concern. 
It was the residence of this family [the Fitzgeralds] 
and joins the ground which was let by the late Duke 
for the college. 

" In returning thro' the town of Maynooth, which 
belongs to the Duke entirely, I was sorry to see how 
inferior it was in neatness to Piltown and Lady Louisa 
Tighe's town ; nor did the Duchess seem to know any 
of the people at their doors as we passed. I have no 
doubt that both he and she are excellent people, but 
somehow they don't seem to have hit off the art of 
having a neat neighbourhood. And yet they both 
praise the Irish people extremely." 

" Kinmell, St. Asaph's [Mr. Hughes's], Nov. 29. 

" ' Taffy was a Welshman, Taffy was a thief ; 
Taffy in stupidity exceeds all belief.' 

Altho' he is so well and warmly clothed, what an 
inferior article he is to poor, ragged, dirty, sprightly 

( 193 ) 


THE successive stages in the conversion of the Tory 
Government to Roman Catholic Emancipation have 
been abundantly discussed without bringing home to 
the apprehension of most people that, in truth, there 
were no such stages. The circumstances have been 
obscured by the recall of the pro-Catholic Lord 
Lieutenant, Anglesey, and the appointment of the 
anti-Catholic Lieutenant, Northumberland, but that 
had really no bearing upon the question. Anglesey 
had acted in what his old chief, the Duke of Welling- 
ton, considered an insubordinate manner, and was 
treated as relentlessly as Norman Ramsay had been 
dealt with after Vittoria. There was no question of 
ministerial policy involved; the puzzle arises out of 
the Prime Minister acting with a total want of that 
ambiguity which usually envelopes ministerial acts. 
The victory of Daniel O'Connell and the Catholic 
Association over Vesey FitzGerald, appointed Pre- 
sident of the Board of Trade, in the election for County 
Clare, had convinced Wellington that relief could no 
longer be withheld from the Catholics. The position 
held by the Government ever since the question had 
driven Pitt out of office in 1801 must be abandoned; 
but he was too old a campaigner to allow the enemy 
VOL. n. o 


to know the hour and order of evacuation. Peel was 
to be converted and the King be forced to consent, 
before the orders should be issued which, he knew, 
would breed mutiny in his own ranks. No sign should 
betray his purpose till all was prepared : the accus- 
tomed guards should be mounted the regular sentries 
posted till the very last moment. The appointment 
of the Duke of Northumberland in succession to Lord 
Anglesey was in accord with the spirit of a General 
Order which had never been suspended or revoked 
No indulgence to Roman Catholics. It is the 
secrecy and suddenness of Wellington's movements 
which have perplexed historians, accustomed to the 
more tentative and tortuous ways of politicians. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Whitehall, Feby. 3, 1829. 

". . . Every one was up with the news of the day 
that Wellington had decided to let the Catholics into 
Parliament. ... I have always, you know, been con- 
vinced that the Beau must and would do something 
upon this subject, and what it is to be we now must 
very shortly know. . . ." 


" Our only visitor last night was Sefton, who 
arrived about 12, bringing with him the correspon- 
dence between the Duke of Wellington and Lord 
Anglesey, which the latter had lent to Sefton to be 
returned the next morning at n. He read it to 
Mrs. Taylor and me, and it was past one before he 
had done. The Beau, according to custom, writes 
atrociously, and his charges against Lord Anglesey 
are of the rummest kind, such as being too much 
addicted to popular courses, going to Lord Cloncurry's, 
being too civil to Catholic leaders, not turning Mr. 
O'Gorman Mahon out of the commission of the peace, 
&c., &c. There are letters full of such stuff, and Lord 

J / 


Anglesey in his answers beats him easy in all ways. 
. . . The Whigs are quite as sore as the Brunswickers 
at this victory of the Beau over Prinney and his 
Catholic prejudices. They had arranged the most 
brilliant opposition for the approaching session, and 
this coup of the Duke's has blown up the whole 

" At Brooks's last night the deceased poet Rogers 
came up to beg I would meet Brougham at dinner at 
his house on Wednesday." 


". . . It does Wellington infinite honor; the only 
drawback to his fame on this occasion is his silence to 
Anglesey as to his intentions ; but he has been jealous 
of his brother soldier playing the popular in Ireland, 
and so has sacrificed the man, while adopting his 


" Here is little Twitch, alias Scroop, alias Premier 
Duke, Hereditary Earl Marshal, who is sitting by my 
side and who reckons himself sure of franking a letter 
for you before the session closes. The removal of 
Catholic disabilities would permit the Duke of 
Norfolk to take his seat in the Lords." 


". . . 'Ra-ally/ as Mrs. Taylor would say, Peel 
makes a great figure.* His physick for the [Catholic] 
Association is as mild as milk, and for a year only. It 
is such a new and important feature in this Tory Revo- 
lution to have no blackguarding or calling names of 
any one. There begins to be an alarm about the Lords, 
but I have no doubt without foundation. It is clear to 
me from the Duke of Rutland's speech that he will 
ultimately support the Beau, and I have my doubts 
whether the Bishop of London f won't do so like- 
wise. ... Lord Sefton has broke the bank at Crock- 
ford's two nights following. He tells me he carried 
off 7000." 

* As Home Secretary, Peel was responsible for the government of 
Ireland, which was then administered from the Home Office. 
f C. J. Blomfield. 


" 1 2th Feby., 1829. 

". . . Our party at the deceased poet's [Rogers] last 
night was his brother and living poet and wit 
Luttrell, Sefton, Lord Durham, Burdett, Lord Robert 
[Spencer], Brougham and the Duke of Norfolk, and 
we had a merry day enough. . . ." 

" Brooks's, Feb. 14. 

". . . There is nothing going forward except this 
reported visit of the Duke of ... Are you aware 
that Captain Garth is the son of this Duke by 

Princess .* General Garth, at the suit of the 

old King, consented to pass for the father of this son. 
The latter, in every way worthy of his villainous 
father, has shown all the letters upon this occasion, 
including one of the King's. The poor woman has 
always said that this business would be her death. 
Garth asks 30,000 for the letters, and, to enhance 
their value, shews the worst part of them." 

"i 8th. 

". . . The Whigs are as sore as be damned at 
Wellington distinguishing himself and at Lord Grey's 
just panegyrick upon Peel the other night. A neat 
figure they [the Whigs] would have cut in such a 
storm ; but, to do them justice, they would never have 
attempted it. . . ." 

" March 2nd. 

"Now I wonder if Oggt is to be depended on. 
Our Whigs, who hate the Beau and Peel and Grey 
with all their hearts, and are mad to the last degree 
that the two former have taken the Catholick cause 
out of their own feeble and perfidious hands, and who 
are always croaking about the projected Bill as being 
sure to contain some conditions and provisions that 
will be quite inadmissible to the dear Liberals the 
said Whigs are to-day more chopfallen than ever upon 
the visits that have been taking place the last two 

* One should hesitate to withdraw the veil from this ugly affair, 
were it not that it has been freely discussed and made public property 
in the recently published letters of Madame de Lieven. 

f Lord Kensington. 


days by the Beau and Chancellor to Windsor, and 
then the Beau waiting upon the D. of Cumberland as 
soon as he came back. In short, it is settled amongst 
them that the Dutchess of Gloucester and D. of Cum- 
berland have made such an impression upon Prinney 
against the Pope, that he is considered as quite certain 
to be upon the jib; and such is the supposed con- 
sternation of the Ministers, that Tommy Tyrrwhitt 
told me he had seen with his own eyes to-day Lord 
Ellenborough come into the Court of Chancery twice, 
go upon the Bench to the Chancellor, put his mouth 
close under his wig, and keep it there at least five 
minutes at a time. 

"So, having just met old Ogg in the street in 
spectacles, he having lost an eye since I last saw him, 
and after hearing an account of the different calamities 
affecting his life, property and character, we got to 
this Windsor gossip. So says Ogg in his accustomed 
manner 'Damme! I know exactly what it is all 
about, and if you promise never to mention my name, 
I'll tell you.' I need not observe that the condition 
he imposed upon me I should have gratuitously 
adopted, as the disclosure would, with most, destroy 
my story. However, he swore he knew the facts of 
his own knowledge, and they are these. 

" Knight, a barrister of the Court of Chancery, has 
been advertising the Chancellor lately that on this 
day he should move for an injunction against Sir 
Herbert Taylor about Garth's letters, which have been 
placed in his hands under some agreement with Garth, 
and which the latter or his creditors wish to make 
more favorable for themselves ; 3000 a year for life 
and 10,000 in hand were the considerations, but it is 
sought to make it 16,000 in hand. Ogg adds that it is 
the fear of all this being made publick that has caused 
all these mutinies between the Beau and Prinney and 
Chancellor and D. of Cumberland. Ogg says, too, that 
he knows all the contents of these letters, and stated 
quite enough of them to account for all this Windsor 
hurry-scurry. . . . 

" Well, I had really a charming gay dinner at 
old Sally's * yesterday. Lady Sefton and her 2 eldest 

* Sarah, Marchioness of Salisbury. 


daughters, the young Lady Salisbury, Lord Arthur 
[Hill], Sefton, Henry [Molyneux], a Talbot, Hy. de 
Koos, Montgomery and Sebright. . . . Upon my 
word I was wrong about Lady Lyndhurst. She has 
beautiful eyes and such a way of using them that 
quite shocked Lady Louisa and me. . . . Old Clare 
fairly rowed me last night, or affected to do so, for 
not coming to see her in Ireland. You know her son 
and his wife are parted, the latter giving as her reason 
for wishing it that she had only married him to please 
her mother, and that now she was dead there was no 
use in going on together. He has given her back 
every farthing of her fortune, which was 50,000 or 

"... I saw a good deal of young Lady Emily 
Cowper,* who is the' leading favorite of the town 
so far. She is very inferior to her fame for looks, but 
is very natural, lively, and appears a good-natured 
young person." 


"Well, the Whig croaking must end now. The 
Beau is immortalised by his views and measures as 
detailed by Peel last night. I certainly, for one, think 
it an unjust thing to alter the election franchise from 
405. toio; but considering the perfection of every 
other part and the difficulty there must have been in 
bringing Prinney up to this mark, I should, were I 
in Parliament, swallow the franchise thing without 
hesitation; and so I am happy to find a meeting of 
our Whigs at Burdett's to-day have agreed to do. ... 
Only think of the old notion of the Veto being just 
abandoned. . . ." 

" ioth. 

" Well, our ' very small and early party ' last night 
[at Lady Sefton's] was quite as agreeable as ever; 
but I must be permitted to observe that, considering 
the rigid virtue of Lady Sefton and the profound 
darkness in which her daughters of from 30 to 
40 are brought up as to even the existence of vice, 

* Married in 1830 to the 7th Earl of Shaftesbury, at that time 
Lord Ashley. 


the party was as little calculated to protract the 
delusion of these innocents as any collection to be 

made in London could well be. There were Mrs. F- 

L and Lord Chesterfield, who came together 

and sat together all night ; Lady E and the Pole 

or Prussian or Austrian whichever he is whom they 
call 'Cadland' because he beat the Colonel (Anson).* 
Anything so impudent as she, or so barefaced as the 
whole thing, I never beheld ; Princess Esterhazy and 

Lady , Lady and [Lord] Palmerston in short, 

by far the most notorious and profligate women in 
London. . . . With respect to how Lord Grey and other 
people take the Catholic Bill or Pill, there is an in- 
creasing satisfaction in all the friends to the measure, 
and the ranks of the bigots are thinning. There is 
one damned thing, if it is persisted in, which is that 
O'Connell is not to be let into his present seat, but 
sent back to a new election under the new Bill. . . . 
When I was at Grey's on Sunday, he told me Burdett 
had just been with him upon this subject, and had 
urged him to speak to the Duke of Wellington about it. 
Not amiss in O'Connell and Burdett, considering that 
they had never consulted Grey before on any of their 
Catholic cookery. However, his answer was that he 
should do no such thing, for that, altho' there could be 
no doubt as to the abominable injustice of this case, yet 
as the Duke had never shown any disposition to com- 
municate with him upon this measure, it was not for 
him Lord Grey to begin any such communication. 
So much for Sefton and others, who will have it that 
Lord Grey must and will come into office. . . . 
Wellington was blooded yesterday, but is out to-day, 
and gone to face Winchilsea in the Lords." 

"Sulby, March 18. 

" Rather stiffish to-day, my dear ; it can't, of course, 
be age ! but going four and twenty miles on a hard 
road at a kind of hand gallop is rather shaking, you 
know, to those not used to it. ... The men we have 
had here are principally Pytchley, which, in dandyism, 
are very second-rate to the Quorn or Melton men. . . . 

* The Duke of Rutland's "Cadland" won the Derby in 1828, 
beating the King's horse " The Colonel." 


Osbaldeston himself, tho' only 5 feet high, and in 
features like a cub fox, is a very funny little chap ; 
clever in his way, very good-humored and gay, and 
with very good manners. ... I am very fond of all 
these lads being dressed in scarlet in the evening. It 
looks so gay." 

" iQth. 

". . . Does your paper ever give you any light 
upon the old affair of Garth? Did it contain his 
affidavit? You see it is now established in proof in 
a suit in Chancery that Sir Herbert Taylor had agreed 
to give Garth 3000 a year for his life, and to pay 
his debts; and that, upon this being done, certain 
letters were to be given up to Taylor. In the mean- 
time they were deposited in Snow's bank in the joint 
holding of the said bankers and Mr. Westmacott, the 
editor of the Age newspaper. . . . There is quite 
enough in this Taylor being the purchaser and the 
price so monstrous, to make it quite certain the letters 
must contain great scandal affecting very great parties. 
. . . General Garth is still alive, and it was when he 
was extremely ill and thought himself quite sure of 
dying, that he wrote to young Garth, telling him who 
he was, explaining the part he the General had 
been induced to act out of respect and deference to 
the royal family. . . . General Garth recovered un- 
expectedly, and applied to young Garth for the docu- 
ment ; but, I thank you ! they had been seen and read 
and deemed much too valuable to be given back 

Earl of Sefton to Mr. Creevey. 

"Arlington St., . . . March 25th. 

". . . The King was delighted with the duel * and 
said he should have done the same that gentlemen 
must not stand upon their privileges. . . ." 

"Stoke, nth April. 

". . . The King was very angry at the large 
majority [for the Catholic Relief Bill] and did not 

* Between the Duke of Wellington and Lord Winchilsea. 


write the D. a line in answer to his express telling 
him of it. The Beau's troubles are not over yet. The 
distress in the country is frightful. Millions are 
starving, and I defy him to do anything to relieve 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Whitehall, May 28th. 

"... I went to the Park, but the review was over, 
so we only learnt that the Beau had had a fall from 
his horse, but was not hurt ; and in coming home here 
a little later who shd. I meet riding in a little back 
street near Coventry Street but the said Duke. So 
he stopt and shook hands. ... I said : ' Well, upon 
my soul, you are the first of mankind to have accom- 
plished this Irish job as you have done, and I con- 
gratulate you upon it most sincerely. . . . You must 
have had tough work to get thro'.' 'Oh terrible, I 
assure you/ said he, and so we parted." 

"June ist. 

". . . It is a well known fact that Lord Durham is 
doing all he possibly can to make Lord Grey act a 
part that shall force him into the Government, meaning 
in that event to go snacks himself in the acquisition of 
power and profit ; which, considering that he got his 
peerage by deserting Grey and by helping Canning to 
defeat Wellington, is consistent and modest enough! 
So after dinner [at Lord William Powlett's] the levee 
being mentioned, Grey said in the most natural 
manner he would never go to another; upon which 
Lambton [Lord Durham] remonstrated with him 
most severely and pathetically, and George Lamb 
thought Grey was wrong ; but Grey held out firm as 
a rock said that it was quite against his own opinion 
going the last time, but that he had been quite perse- 
cuted into it that this last personal insult from the 
King in never noticing him was only one of a series 
of the same kind, and that for the future he should 
please himself by avoiding a repetition of them. You 
may easily fancy the amiability of Lambton's face at 
his avowal. . . . You see these impertinent and base 


renegade young Whigs have had their appetites for 
office if possible sharpened at present by Lord Rosslyn 
having just accepted the Privy Seal. . . . Rosslyn told 
me of it himself in the street on Saturday. ... I know 
that he accepted with Lord Grey's concurrence, but I 
am equally sure, from Lord Grey's manner, that he 
thinks he ought not to have done so." 

" August 2oth. 

". . . As you see only the Morning Post, I am 
afraid you are quite in the dark as to what is going 
on in France. . . . All are furious against the new 
Ministry, and with great reason. To think of making 
Bourmont the War Minister! He is the man who 
deserted from Bonaparte and came over to us the 
night before the battle of Waterloo.* General Gerard 
recommended him to Nap as a General of Division on 
that occasion, and said that he would pledge his life for 
his honor.] The deserter is now to be Minister for 
War, and will have to face Gerard as a member of the 
Chamber of Deputies ! . . . Even the old Ultras think 
the experiment puts the throne of Charles Dix in 

" Knowsley, 26th September. 

". . . I am half way thro' the 3rd volume of 
Bourrienne. Although my interest about Nap is 
greatly lessened by his wholesale use and destruction 
of mankind not for the sake or defence of France, 
but for some Mark' of his own, to be like Caesar or 
Alexander, and for his damned nonsensical posterity 
that he is always after then again he comes over me 
again by his talents, and by a kind of simplicity, and 
even drollery, behind the curtain whilst he is so 
successfully bamboozling all the world without. Don't 
suppose I am partial to him because when Bourrienne 

* It was on the morning of the I5th June, three days before 
Waterloo, that Bourmont deserted ; and he went to Bliicher, not to 

f The expression GeVard used was that he would pledge his head: 
so when GeVard reported Bourmont's treachery, the Emperor tapped 
Gerard playfully on the cheek, saying : " Cette tete, done, c'est a moi, 
n'est ce pas ? " adding more gravely, u mais j'en ai trop besoin." 


read poetry to him in Egypt he always fell asleep! 
or because that at school he never was a scholar, 
Bourrienne beating him easily in Latin and Greek, 
but in mathematics he was first ; nor because no one 
spelt worse than he did, having always a professed 
contempt for that noble art. Yet his compositions 
are of the first order." 

The Liverpool and Manchester Railway, the pro- 
motion of which Creevey had so stoutly opposed in 
committee of the House of Commons, was nearly 
finished, and about to be opened for traffic. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Knowsley, Nov. ist, 1829. 

". . . You have no doubt in your paper reports of 
Huskisson's return to office. Allow me to mention a 
passage which Lord Derby read to me out of a letter 
to himself from Lady Jane Houston, who lives very 
near Huskisson. . . . ' Houston saw Huskisson yester- 
day, who talked to him of his return to office as of a 
thing quite certain, and of Edward Stanley doing so 
too. Indeed he spoke of the latter as quite the Hope 
of the Nation!' As the Hope of the Nation was 
present when this was read, it would not have been 
decent to laugh ; but the little Earl gave me a look 
that was quite enough." 

" Croxteth, 7th. 

". . . I left little Derby devouring Bourrienne with 
the greatest delight, and he is particularly pleased 
with the exposure of the ignorance of ' that damned 
fellow Sir Walter Scott.' The Stanley and Hornby 
party were rather shocked at the great bard and 
novelist being called such names, but the peer said 
he was a ' damned impertinent fellow ' for presuming 
to write the life of Bonaparte." 

" i4th. 

". . . To-day we have had a lark of a very high 
order. Lady Wilton sent over yesterday from Knows- 
ley to say that the Loco Motive machine was to be 


upon the railway at such a place at 12 o'clock for the 
Knowsley party to ride in if they liked, and inviting 
this house to be of the party. So of course we were 
at our post in 3 carnages and some horsemen at the 
hour appointed. I had the satisfaction, for I can't call 
it pleasure, of taking a trip of five miles in it, which we 
did in just a quarter of an hour that is, 20 miles an 
hour. As accuracy upon this subject was my great 
object, I held my watch in my hand at starting, and 
all the time; and as it has a second hand, I knew I 
could not be deceived ; and it so turned out there was 
not the difference of a second between the coachee or 
conductor and myself. But observe, during these five 
miles, the machine was occasionally made to put itself 
out or go it; and then we went at the rate of 23jniles 
an hour, and just with the same ease as to motion or 
absence of friction as the other reduced pace. But 
the quickest motion is to me frightful: it is really 
flying, and it is impossible to divest yourself of the 
notion of instant death to all upon the least accident 
happening. It gave me a headache which has not 
left me yet. Sefton is convinced that some damnable 
thing must come of it ; but he and I seem more struck 
with such apprehension than others. . . . The smoke 
is very inconsiderable indeed, but sparks of fire are 
abroad in some quantity : one burnt Miss de Ros's 
cheek, another a hole in Lady Maria's silk pelisse, 
and a third a hole in some one else's gown. Alto- 
gether I am extremely glad indeed to have seen this 
miracle, and to have travelled in it. Had I thought 
worse of it than I dp, I should have had the curiosity 
to try it ; but, having done so, I am quite satisfied 
with my first achievement being my last. 

"Croxteth, Nov. i8th. 

"... I am sure you would not wish me to miss 
Lady Foley. It is very nearly the direct road to 
London. Then to see a noble novel-writer, who has 
never been known in the midst of all their ruin to 
degrade herself by putting on either a pair of gloves 
or a ribbon a second time,, and who has always 4 ponies 
ready saddled and bridled for any enterprise or 
excursion that may come into her head! To say 


nothing of Foley, who, without a halfp'orth of income 
keeps the best house and has planted more oak trees 
than any man in England, and by the influence of his 
name and popularity returns two members for Droit- 
wich and one for the county. Then he is to get his 
next neighbour Lord Dudley to meet me, so we shall 
have Jean qui pleure et Jean qui rit Ward [Lord 
Dudley] being in a state of lingering existence under 
the frightful pressure of 120,000 a year." 

( 206 ) 



MR. CREEVEY'S correspondence during 1830 contains 
less of permanent interest than usual. It was an 
eventful year, for it witnessed the downfall of the 
Tory administration, the death of George IV., and 
the opening of the far-reaching drama of Reform. 
Brougham had busied himself for some time in pro- 
moting the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Know- 
ledge, and acted as joint editor of its publications. 

Henry Brougham, M.P., to Mr. Creevey. 

" Hill St. [1830]. 

"... I have sent for yourself the Library of Useful 
Knowledge, as far as published : with the Farmers' 
Series and Maps. The Entertaining Knowledge Library 
is for the younkers (tho' good and wholesome for all 
ages). ... I believe we begin with 15,000 and print 
to above 20,000. Now pray, if any subject falling in 
with our plans occurs to you, suggest it. You will do 
us a real service. We profess to be able to prepare 
and put in circulation to a vast extent any work of 
useful tendency and sound principles. Of course we 
avoid direct part in Church and State, but we openly 
profess to preach peace, liberty and absolute toleration, 
and I take care, as the works pass through my hands, 
to keep out all that is against these principles, and to 
put in authoritatively what is wanting upon them. . . ." 


"Brougham, 1830. 

". . . Our Lib. U. K. will get less abstruse now that 
the Mathematical subjects are all gone thro', except 
Astronomy. But some of the treatises are extremely 
plain, and indeed entertaining, notwithstanding their 
titles have hard names as for instance 'Animal 
Physiology ' which really teaches anatomy to any- 
one who wishes to understand it, and never knew a 
word of it before. So the life of Galileo is very 
interesting, and that of Caxton. But one fault that 
series has which is quite incurable, as long as the tax 
on paper continues. I mean the small print. The 
undertaking was, to give for sixpence as much as is 
usually to be found in an octavo vol. of above 100 
pages. If the tax on paper were repealed, I have no 
doubt we could give 48 pages instead of 32 for that 
price, and the print would be as easy to read as any 
needs to be. 

" When I wrote last, I had been speaking for more 
than five hours on the intellectual state of a worthy tea- 
dealer, so I may have omitted a request I intended to 
make to you and the ladies viz., to suggest subjects for 
books, if any occur, especially for the Entertaining 
Series. The other must take a regular course, but 
this is naturally without rule. Also, any book want- 
ing for the common people in the country (which is 
another part of our plans). 

" I shall take care about Bourrienne * next week 
when I return. I am anxious for its appearance my- 
self, having read the other vols. with detestation 
scorn of the villain ; but I must say as you do with- 
out much disbelief, which I was sorry for. . . ." 

Less meritorious in Creevey's eyes were 
Brougham's proceedings in Parliament ; and he is 
vociferous in complaint about his " perfidy," &c. But 
Brougham was not the only one of his old " corn- 
rogues," as he called them, who were behaving 
" basely." Lord Cleveland, formerly Lord Darlington, 

* Life of Napoleon. 


declined to provide a seat for Creevey in Parliament, 
notwithstanding that he had received, or thought he 
had received, Lady Cleveland's pledge for the first 

Henry Brougham, M.P., to Mr. Creevey. 

" 1830. 

" Well what do you say of the first day ? Are 
you of those lunaticks who are angry that we did not 
go ding-dong at the Beau and turn his Govt. out ? 
That is displace him without an idea who would get 
in ; or, in other words, put things in a state from 
which nobody but the Tories and King could have 
profited. I am clear that the said Beau cannot go on 
as he is. They can't get people to vote, and there is 
a tendency of other people to join in voting against 
them. . . . Have you heard of G. Spencer* giving up 
his livings and turning R. Cath. ? He wanted to 
convert an able priest, and it ended t'other way. Ld. 
Lansdowne brings in young Macaulay, which may be 
all very well as far as he is concerned, but it gives all 
of us who are Denman's friends serious annoyance 
and regret. I suppose it is only as a locum tenens 
till Kerry t comes of age ; but still, D. could have held 
it as well as another." 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"London, Feby. i6th, 1830 

". . . In the jaw between Mrs. Taylor and me this 
morning she observed what a low, dirty fellow 
Lord Cleveland was not to offer me the seat after all 
that had passed ; ' Not that you would have accepted 
it,' said she, ' I feel sure of that ; but as a gentleman 
he was bound to offer it to you.' The Marchioness, 
it seems, has been here, and expressed the united rage 

* The Hon. and Very Rev. George Spencer, 4th son of the 2nd 
Earl Spencer : became Superior of the Order of Passionists, and died 
in 1864. 

f Lord Lansdowne's eldest son. 


of the Naffy * and herself at Brougham's conduct. . . . 
Mrs. Taylor says that, being determined to bring my 
name in, she observed I was coming to town to see 
her, and she was sure I should do her more good than 
all the doctors ; but the Pop was mum, and would not 
touch it; and, as Mrs. Taylor justly observes, they 
are two arrogant rogues, and not worth thinking 

" i 9 th. 

". . . In Arlington Street I found two young 
Foley lads the eldest the poor victim just come of 
age, and a nicer and more produceable young man I 
never saw. Lady Sefton and I deplored his hard fate 
extremely. It is supposed the deed is done that is, 
cutting off the entail of the last remnant of the Foley 
property, so that his father and mother may see it all 
fairly out. Lady Sefton told me that Lady Foley t 
had ten new gowns for the party at Witley at Xmas, 
and that the only one that Lady Sefton saw must 
have cost 12 guineas. She has only 5 maids, with 
different occupations, for herself. ... I never saw 
Lord Douro J before. His teeth are the only feature 
in which he resembles his father, and altogether he is 
very homely in his air. Do you know he is engaged 
to be married to a daughter of Hume, the Duke's 
doctor. It seems she has stayed a good deal with the 
Duchess, which has led to the youth proposing to her. 
When it was told to the Duke, all he said was ' Ah ! 
rather young, Douro, are you not to be married? 
Suppose you stay till the year is out, and if then you 
are in the same mind, it's all very well.' " 

"March nth. 

". . . I was at Lord Holland's yesterday. . . . They 
both looked very ill. They are evidently most sorely 
pinched he in his land, and she still more in her 
sugar and rum. So when I gave it as my opinion 
that, if things went on as they did, paper must ooze 

* The Marquess of Cleveland, formerly Earl of Darlington. 

t Lady Cecilia Fitzgerald, daughter of the 2nd Duke of Leinster. 

% Elder son of the Duke of Wellington. 

VOL, n, p 


out again by connivance or otherwise, she said she 
wished to God the time was come, or anything else to 
save them. He said he never would consent to the 
return of paper, but he thought the standard might be 
altered : i.e., a sovereign to be made by law worth one 
or two or three and twenty shillings." 

" 22nd. 

"... A capital party at old Salisbury's * last night 
the best I ever saw there. I had a good deal of 
laugh and jaw with the Beau, who was in tip-top 
spirits and looked better in the face than I ever saw 
him. . . . Arthur Hill said to him : ' Creevey is going 
to bring his pretty nieces here next Thursday.' ' Oh,' 
said the Beau, ' the Miss Brandlings : I saw them at 
Doncaster. I think they are the prettiest girls I ever 
saw.' " 

" Bansted, May 26th. 

". . . Sefton went down to the House to hear the 
two Royal Messages which it was known were 
coming one to enable some one to sign poor 
Prinney's name for him,t and the other to shew up 
Leopold for having jibbed at last as to taking Greece 
upon himself. To be sure, this jib of his has not been 
brought about by the King's illness ! I suppose 
Mrs. Kent thinks her daughter's reign is coming on 
apace, and that her brother may be of use to her as 
versus Cumberland. . . . We were all on the course 
at Epsom yesterday and saw poor Prinney's horse 
'The Colonel' win the Craven Stakes. If 'Captain 
Arthur ' should win [the Derby] next Thursday, all 
Lord Sefton would pocket in bets and stakes would 
be 12,500 that's all!| Gully is quite sure his 
horse Red Rover will win ; Chifney equally sure 
that Priam willj notwithstanding that Lord Ranelagh 
says he trusts in God that heathen god Priam can never 

* The Dowager Marchioness of Salisbury. 

t George IV. was lying in his last illness. 

% Captain Arthur started at 15 to i, and was not placed. 

It ran second, starting at 5 to I. 

|| The favourite, Priam, won. 

1830-31.] DEATH OF GEORGE IV. 211 

" London, 3ist. 

". . . To call on Lady Grey, whom I found alone. 
She is all against Lord Grey becoming a politician 
again, and says she sees people getting round him 
whom she hates, and never can forgive for their past 
conduct to him, and whose only object now is to 
use him for their own interests. She mentioned 
Brougham in particular. . . ." 

"Stoke, June nth. 

". . . Sefton saw yesterday in Windsor O'Reilly the 
King's apothecary. It had been his turn to sit up with 
him the preceding night, and he said his sufferings 
were extreme that he might die any moment from 
his complaint, but that even from exhaustion, strong 
as he is, he must die in five or six days. He said to 
O'Reilly more than once : ' I am going gradually.' 
He is cheerful at times, and very fond of talking about 
horses. O'Reilly says that, in the course of his life, 
he never saw such strength, and that with common 
prudence he might have lived to a hundred." 

" Brooks's, June 26th. 

". . . So poor Prinney is really dead on a 
Saturday too, as was foretold. ... I have just met 
our great Privy Councillors coming from the Palace 
(Warrender and Bob Adair included). I learnt from 
the former that the only observation he heard from 
the Sovereign was upon his going to write his name 
on parchment, when he said: 'You have damned 
bad pens here ! ' * Here is Tankerville, who was at the 
Palace likewise. He says the difference in manner 
between the late and present sovereign upon the 
occasion of swearing in the Privy Council was very 
striking. Poor Prinney put on a dramatic, royal, 
distant dignity to all ; Billy, who in addition to living 
out of the world, has become rather blind, was doing 
his best in a very natural way to make out the face of 
every Privy Councillor as each kneeled down to kiss 
his hand. In Tankerville's own case, Billy put one 

* Greville (ii. 3) and Croker (ii. 66) relate the same incident. 


hand above his eyes and at last said in a most familiar 
tone : ' Oh, Lord Tankerville, is it you ? I am very 
glad to see you. How d'ye do ? ' It seemed quite a 
restraint to him not to shake hands with people. He 
said to Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer the cock- 
eyed Goulbourne ' D'ye know I'm grown so near- 
sighted that I can't make out who you are. You 
must tell me your name, if you please. He read his 
declaration to the Council, which is said to be very 
favorable to the present Ministry; and it would be 
odd if it was not, as it was drawn up by the Beau. 
After reading this production of the Government, he 
treated the Council with a little impromptu of his 
own, and great was the fear of Wellington, as they 
say visibly expressed on his face, least Billy should 
take too excursive a view of things ; instead of which 
it was merely a little natural and pretty funeral 
oration over Prinney, who, he said, had always been 
the best and most affectionate of brothers." 

" Stoke, August 2oth. 

"... I said to Lady Sefton just now ' Where and 
when was it, Lady Sefton, that you knew the King 
[William] so well ? ' ' Why, Mr. Creevey/ says she, 
' I'm sure you will not accuse me of vanity when I tell 
you that, upon my first coming out,* he was pleased to 
be very much in love with me, or to say he was so ; 
and my father became so frightened about it that he 
would not let me go where he was likely to be ; for 
it was at the time the Prince of Wales was living with 
Mrs. Fitzherbert. He contrived, however, to send 
me a nosegay [illegible] from Kew, and to get me 
invited to all the gayest and finest balls and parties 
then going ; and as I knew no one to begin with, you 
may suppose how charming it was. What his object 
was, I am sure I don't know : my only one was to go 
wherever I was invited, and to enjoy my liberty and 
fun. However, he went soon after to sea, I believe ; 
and not long after I was married, and I have scarcely 
seen him since. . . ."' 

* As the Hon. Maria Craven, daughter of the 6th Lord Craven. 

1830-31.] DEATH OF HUSKtSSON. 

"Bangor, Sept. iQth. 

". . . Jack Calcraft has been at the opening of the 
Liverpool railroad, and was an eye-witness of Huskis- 
son's horrible death.* About nine or ten of the pas- 
sengers in the Duke's car had got out to look about 
them, whilst the car stopt. Calcraft was one, Huskis- 
son another, Esterhazy, Billy Holmes, Birch and 
others. When the other locomotive was seen coming 
up to pass them, there was a general shout from those 
within the Duke's car to those without it, to get in. 
Both Holmes and Birch were unable to get up in 
time, but they stuck fast to its sides, and the other 
engine did not touch them. Esterhazy, being light, 
was pulled in by force. Huskisson was feeble in his 
legs, and appears to have lost his head, as he did his 
life. Calcraft tells me that Huskisson's long con- 
finement in St. George's Chapel at the King's funeral 
brought on a complaint that Taylor is so afraid of, 
and that made some severe surgical operation neces- 
sary, the effect of which had been, according to what 
he told Calcraft, to paralyse, as it were, one leg and 
thigh. This, no doubt, must have increased, if it did 
not create, his danger and [caused him to] lose his 
life. He had written to say his health would not let 
him come, and his arrival was unexpected. Calcraft 
saw the meeting between him and the Duke [of Wel- 
lington], and saw them shake hands a very short 
time before Huskisson's death. The latter event must 
be followed by important political consequences. The 
Canning faction has lost its corner stone, and the 
Duke's Government one of its most formidable 
opponents. Huskisson, too, once out of the way, 
Palmerston, Melbourne, the Grants, &c., may make it 
up with the Beau." 

" The dear Plough, Cheltenham, Oct. $th. 

". . . Well, here we are again, driven from that 
greatest of all humbugs, Leamington. The fame of 
the latter place is one of the many proofs to what an 

* Mr. Huskisson, who probably had not met the Duke of Welling- 
ton since the Cabinet crisis caused by the resignation of the former, 
had left his car on purpose to shake hands with the Duke. 


extent the folly of English people will club and sup- 
port a thing ; till by common consent it disappears, 
which some day or other this Leamington will do. 
The town is a half-built skeleton of a concern, and in 
point of population and convenience of all kinds, a 
perfect desert compared with this." 

Earl of Sefton to Mr. Creevey. 

Oct., 1830. 

". . . I suppose you have heard of Lord Chester- 
field's marriage to Anne Forester.* Charles Greville 
went express to London from Heaton (Wilton's) to 
break it to Mrs. Fox Lane. George Anson marries 
Isabella : t money no object. ... I don't believe there 
will be a king in Europe in 2 years' time, or that 
property of any kind is worth 5 years' purchase. . . ." 

"Thursday, Nov. i8th, 1830. 

". . . Everything except the Brougham business 
going on smoothly. That is, I assure you, very diffi- 
cult, but must end in the Rolls. He is really in a 
state of insanity, complains to everybody that he is 
neglected and threatens to put an extinguisher on the 
new Govt. in a month. In the meantime he keeps 
swearing he will not take anything that he ought to 
be offered the Seals, tho' he wd. kick them out of the 
window rather than desert his Yorkshire friends by 
taking a peerage. All this, however, will subside in 
the Rolls, where, being lodged for life and quite 
beyond controul, I don't envy the Govt. with such a 
chap ready to pounce upon them unexpectedly." 

" Friday, 

" By God ! Brougham is Chancellor. It is sup- 

Eosed he will be safer there, because, if he don't 
ehave well, he will be turned out at a moment's 
notice, and he is then powerless. What a flattering 
reason for appointing him ! . . . Grey speaks most 

* Eldest daughter of the istLord Forester j died 1885. 
t Third daughter of the same. 


kindly of you, and I am sure wd. be delighted to 
do something for you ; but why the devil do you put 
yourself out of the way of everything? " 

Upon Lord Grey taking office in November, 1830, 
he appointed his old friend Creevey to the office of 
Treasurer of the Ordnance, at a salary of 1200 
a year. Ever since his wife's death, Mr. Creevey had 
existed upon a very slender income '^200 a year 
or less," as Charles Greville says * but he was the 
constant and welcome guest of the Seftons, the 
Taylors, and a host of other friends, and had few 
expenses to meet except for his clothes and travelling. 
Still, this permanent office must have come as a trans- 
lation from penury to affluence. The Whigs, even 
purified as they had been by long years of opposition 
and the persistent efforts of Brougham, Creevey, and 
other reformers to put an end to jobbery, showed 
themselves far from diffident in the exercise of patron- 
age. At the present day, when sixty has been fixed 
as the age for retiring from the Civil Service, it may 
seem an abuse of patronage to have invited a gentle- 
man of sixty-two to enter it; but, according to the 
practice of pre-Reform times, nothing could be thought 
more natural. The Ordnance Office was established 
in the Tower of London, and Creevey's letters express 
quite a boyish delight in his new quarters, and a naive 
wonder at the minuteness of the Ordnance survey 
maps then being engraved for the first time. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" The Tower, Jan. 3ist, 1831. 

". . . I dined in Downing Street with Lady Grey 
. . . After dinner the private secretary to the Prime 

* Greville Memoirs , i. 235. 


Minister and myself being alone, I ascertained that, 
altho' Lord Grey was gone to Brighton ostensibly to 

Erick for Sheriffs for the year, his great object was to 
ty his plan of reform before the King, previous (if he 
approves) to its being proposed to the House of 
Commons. A ticklish operation, this ! to propose to 
a Sovereign a plan for reducing his own power and 
patronage. However, there is the plan all cut and 
dry, and the Cabinet unanimous upon the subject. . . . 
Billy has been in perfect ecstacies with his Govern- 
ment ever since they arrested O'Connell. Wood says 
if the King gives his Government his real support 
upon this Reform question, without the slightest ap- 
pearance of a jib, Grey is determined to fight it out 
to a dissolution of Parliament, if his plan is beat in 
the Commons. My eye, what a crisis 1 

" Feb. 4th. 

". . . Grey says the King's conduct was perfect 
not in giving an unqualified assent, as a constitutional 
King might to any Minister who happened to be so 
at the time ; but he bestowed much time and thought 
in going over every part of the plan, examined its 
bearings, asked most sensible questions, and, being 
quite satisfied with everything Grey urged in its 
support, pledged himself irrevocably to do the same. 
. . . Grey said, too, the Queen was evidently better with 
him. It seems that her manners to him at first were 
distant and reserved, so that he could not avoid con- 
cluding that the change of Government was a subject 
of regret to her. This was an appalling reflection 
for a reforming minister, but he satisfied himself that 
she has no influence over the King, and that, in fact, 
he never even mentions politicks to her, much less 
consults her that her influence over him as to his 
manners has been very great and highly beneficial, 
but there it stops. . . .Well, you see the Govern- 
ment lost no time last night in giving their notices 
Vaux * to reform the Court of Chancery Melbourne 
to make new laws in favor of Ireland, and Althorp 

* Brougham, as Lord Chancellor, had entered the House of Lords 
as Lord Brougham and Vaux, which gave his enemies the opportunity 
of declaring that he ought to have been " Vaux et proeterea nihil." 


his plan of reform, to be carried by Lord J. Russell. 
Anything like such fair and open downright dealing 
was never known in Parliament before. . . . 

" Sefton had a good conversation with Lady Grey, 
and my lord too, last night. It seems the Dino * came 
there from Leach's, and Sefton heard her entreating 
Lady Grey to use her influence with Lady Durham 
to let her boy, and I believe a little girl, to come to a 
child's ball at the Dino's on Monday next. So when 
Lord Grey was handing the Dino to her carriage, 
Sefton and Lady Grey being left alone, the latter 
said to him : ' Was there ever anything like the ab- 
surdities of Lambton? He not only won't be intro- 
duced to Mons. Talleyrand and Madame de Dino, 
but he chooses to be as rude as possible to them 
whenever he meets them.' ' Good Uod ! ' said Sefton, 
' what can that possibly mean ? ' ' Why because he 
chooses to be affronted that they did not ask to be 
introduced to him before he was m office,] and now that 
he is so, he insists upon Louisa { having nothing to 
do with Madame de Dino. Just as Lady Grey was 
finishing, Grey returned, and she said ' I was telling 
Lord Sefton of Lambton's nonsense ; ' and then they 
both joined in abusing him, as well they might. Did 
you ever, in the whole history of mankind, hear of 
such a presumptuous puppy ? However, I hope he 
will go on offending Lord and Lady Grey, and be 
himself out of \illegible\. I declare I know of no 
event that would be more favorable to Lord Grey's 
government. I am delighted at that other puppy 
Agar. Ellis being obliged from ill health to give up 
the Woods and Forests, and still more delighted that 
the excellent Duncannon has got it. ... You know 
that the Queen would not let old Mother St. Albans || 
come to her ball at the Pavilion, tho' there were 830 
people there ! " 

* Madame de Dino, Talleyrand's niece, 
t Lord Durham had been appointed Lord Privy Seal. 
\ Lady Durham. 

Son of the 2nd and father of the 3rd Viscount Clifden. 
II Second wife of the Qth Duke of St. Albans, and relict of Thomas 
Coutts the banker ; originally well known as the actress Mrs. Mellon. 


" Feb. 8th. 

". . . Talleyrand professes to Grey to be quite en- 
chanted with the existing cordiality between France 
and England, and lays it down that such an union can 
set the whole world at defiance. . . . Those damned 
pension lists are a cursed millstone about the neck of 
the Government. Grey was almost crying when he 
talked to Sefton of the difficulty and misery of de- 
priving so many people of their subsistence. . . ." 

" Tower, Qth. 

". . . My dear, these damned pensioners are the 
devil's own to carry thro' with us, and there can be 
no crowing till the Civil List Bill is fairly past. 
There is such an universal demand to have them 
flung out of window that I don't see how they are to 
escape. . . . Our Vaux is not so tender-hearted in his 
department. By his reform he is to spread desolation 
by wholesale amidst the profession. I know that the 
Beau said yesterday : ' I am very glad that Brougham 
is Chancellor. He is the only man with courage and 
talent to reform that damned Court.'" 

"Brooks's, Feby. I2th. 

". . . There is old Basto [? Pascoe] Grenfell from 
the City, who says there is but one universal feeling 
of execration at poor Clunch's * project of taxing the 
transfer of stock. In short, poor dear Whigs, it is 
sad work, gentlemen, sad work ! . . ." 

". . . Do you take any interest about Mrs. Heber, 
the widow of the Bishop of Calcutta? Because if 
you do, I can tell you something. On her return 
overland from India, she picked up a Greek at Milan 
and married him. Her attachment was, of course, to 
the sacred cause of his country. They immediately 
started for that classic land ; but unfortunately, upon 
reaching Athens, it turned out that he was provided, 
not only with another wife, but with a large family. 

* Lord Althorp, Chancellor of the Exchequer, whose first budget 
was very badly received. 


She arrived here a few days ago, without a husband 
and nearly without a sou." 

*' Tower, igth. 

". . . Lady Sefton, her three eldest daughters, 
Frances * and myself went after dinner last night to 
Lady Grey's weekly. . . . Our Vaux was there with 
his daughter. I had some very good laughing with 
him, and he was in his accustomed overflowing glee. 
We had some very pretty amusement with Viscount 
Melbourne, who is very agreeable. . . . Grey was very 
loud to me in praise of Edward Stanley,t who, by 
common consent, has made two excellent speeches. 
He is quite ready for battle with O'Connell, and the 
greatest confidence is entertained that Edward will be 
too much for him." 

"Feb. 24th, 1831. 

". . . There has been a charming scene at the 
Drawing-room to-day. Lady Jersey went up to Lord 
Durham in the greatest fury and, in the presence of 
all the world, said : ' Lord Durham, I beg you will 
call upon me to-morrow and bring a witness with you. 
I have been so shamefully calumniated, and I will have 
justice done me.' Duncannon, who was present and 
heard this, was in some horror of Lord Durham's reply. 
He turned as pale as death, and, after a little hesita- 
tion, said very calmly : 'Lady Jersey, in all probability 
I shall never be in your house again.'" 

" 27th. 

". . . As I was the first who arrived in Arlington 
Street yesterday to dinner, Sefton took me out into 
the corner room and told me of a scene between him 
and Brougham. . . . The Arch-fiend asked him if he 
had seen the Times that morning. ' No,' said Sefton, 
' not to-day, but I have read it with great uneasiness 
the three or four preceding days, and I want of all 
things to talk to you about it.' He then opened his 
case, stated the deliberate attack making upon Grey 
by that paper, coupled with its constant panegyrick 

* Mrs. Taylor. 

t Afterwards uth Earl of Derby. He was Secretary for Ireland 
in Lord Grey's administration. 


upon Brougham, made it necessary for Brougham to 
summon the editor, and to insist upon these attacks 
upon Grey being discontinued. That otherwise, as 
Brougham's influence over that paper was notorious 
to all, and as his brother William was known to write 
for it, it could not fail to beget suspicion that he 
Brougham had no objection to these attacks, and 
that Ld. Grey felt them most sensibly. That if he 
Brougham thought he would make a better Prime 
Minister than Grey, and was preparing the way for 
that event, that was matter for his own consideration ; 
but if he really means the Government to go on as at 
present formed, Sefton conjured him to lose no time in 
imposing his most positive injunction on the Times 
newspaper to alter its course. 

" Sefton says nothing could equal the artificial rage 
into which Vaux flung himself. He swore like a trooper 
that he had no influence over the Times that he had 
never once seen Barnes the editor since he had been 
in office, and that William had never written a line for 
it. He then fell upon Lambton said all this came 
from him that he had behaved in the most imperti- 
nent manner to both his brothers upon this subject 
that if he .went on as he did he must break up the 
Government, and that he, for one, would never submit 
to his influence. This storm being over, Sefton col- 
lected from him distinctly that he had seen Barnes 
perhaps once or twice, and that brother William might 
perhaps tho' quite unknown to him have written an 
article or two in this paper. In short, as our Earl 
observed, never culprit was more clearly proved 
guilty than he was out of his own mouth, and it ended 
by his affecting to doubt which would be the best 
channel for getting at Barnes brother William or 
Vizard but at all events he pledged himself to Sefton 
that it should be done. ..." 


". . . Well, the Times newspaper has evidently had 
its visitation in the course of yesterday. It has two 
leading and very powerful articles in favor of the 
Government. ... If you come to that, your Morning 
Herald of to-day is not amiss in support of our 
Government In short, we are recovering by gentle 


degrees from Althorp. He had very nearly killed us, 
poor fellow, honest as he is, but it must be admitted 
that he has been damned conceited." 

" Tower, March 3rd. 

" Well, what think you of our Reform plan ? My 
raptures with it encrease every hour, and my astonish- 
ment at its boldness. It was all very well for an 
historian like Thomas Creevey to lay down the law, 
as he did in his pamphlet, that all these rotten nomi- 
nation boroughs were modern usurpations, and that 
the communities of all substantial boroughs were by 
law the real electors ; but here is a little fellow not 
weighing above 8 stone Lord John Russell by name 
who, without talking of law or anything else, creates 
in fact a perfectly new House of Commons, quite in 
conformity to the original formation of that body. . . . 
What a coup it is! It is its boldness that makes its 
success so certain. ... A week or ten days must elapse 
before the Bill is printed and ready for a 2nd reading ; 
by that time the country will be in a flame from one 
end to the other in favor of the measure. ... I saw 
the stately Buckingham going down to the Lords just 
now. I wonder how he likes the boroughs of Buck- 
ingham and St. Mawe's being bowled out. He would 
never have been a duke without them, and can there 
be a better reason for their destruction?" 

" Tower, 5th. 

". . . Well, our Reform rises in publick affection 
every instant. . . . To think of dear Aldborough and 
Orford, both belonging to Lord Hertford, and pur- 
chased at a great price, being clearly bowled out, 
without a word of with your leave or by your leave. 
Aye, and not only that such proprietors are destitute 
of all means of self-defence, but they are treated as 
criminals by the whole country for making any fight 
on their own behalf. ... At Crocky's, even the 
boroughmongers admitted that their representative, 
Croker, had made a damned rum figure. Poor Billy 
Holmes ! Both he and Croker will have but a slender 
chance of being M.P.'s again under our restored con- 
stitution. In short, Bessy, there is no end to the fun 


and confusion that this measure scatters far and near 
into by far the most corrupt, insolent, shameless, 
profligate gang that this country contains. They are 
all dead men by this Bill, never to rise again, and their 
occupation is dead also. ... To be sure the poor devils 
who stick to the wreck will have mobbing enough from 
out of doors before the business is over. ... It is not 
3 weeks since Sir John Shelley asked Lord Grey to 
make him a peer, who answered him by saying: 
' Indeed, my dear Shelley, to deal fairly with you, I 
don't think you have any claims ; and if you had, why 
did you not get your friend the Duke of Wellington 
to make you one?' What you call a double-fisted go 
for the baronet, was it not? 

"Tower, March I2th. 

". , . I fear Vaux must go crazy. He is like 
Wolsey. I'll give you a case in point. We had all 
heard how his coach had been stopt at the Horse 
Guards on the day of the Queen's drawing-room, and 
that he had got into the greatest fury and called out 
to let any man at his peril stop the Lord Chancellor 
of England from going to the King ; but your militaife 
has a knack of referring to an order, and a written one 
was produced, forbidding any carriage to pass thro' 
that gate on days of the Queen's drawing-rooms, 
except the Royal Family, Archbishop of Canterbury 
and the Speaker of the House of Commons. The 
officer upon guard most civilly explained the order 
and expressed his regret at being obliged to enforce 
it; but our Guy, little daunted or cajoled by all this, 
put his wig out of the other window and ordered his 
coachman to go on at all hazards ; and so he did, carry- 
ing Horse Guards blue and red all clear before him. . . . 
My Lord Chancellor's defence to Sefton was that, not 
only were the Speaker and the Archbishop down as 
privilege men, but Lord Shaftesbury who is chairman 
of the House of Lords a kind of deputy to Brougham. 
' So,' as the latter justly observed, ' when I saw my own 
man my actual boot-jack had the privilege, and not 
me, it was more than flesh and blood could bear.' . . . 
Sefton, who sees the actual insides of both Vaux and 
Grey, says there is a considerable dislike in each to 

1830-31.] STIRRING TIMES. 223 

the other. What an invaluable thing for both to have 
so sincere, so clever and so unintriguing a friend as 
Sefton, and how entertaining for us to see all thro' 

"Tower, March I4th. 

". . . Sefton was still too unwell to dine at Ld. 
Grey's, which was a terrible blow to us all ; so Lady 
S^-ton and Lady Maria called at Mrs. Durham's* for 
me, and took me there. It was not a large party the 
two female Seftons, Lord Durham, Morpeth,f Dun- 
cannon, Luttrell and myself, with the four Greys and 
Charles Greville. Grey was all alive o ! quite over- 
flowing, never ceasing in his little civilities to myself, 
wanting me to eat this or drink that : ' Do, Creevey, 
I assure you it's damned good ; I know you will like 
it.' Can't you see him ? ... It was not amiss for a 
Prime Minister to call out at dinner : ' Do you think, 
Creevey, we shall carry our Reform Bill in the 
Lords?' . . . Lady Lyndhurst came at night, and 
very handsome she looked, tho' very near a woman 
of colour. I did not know before that her first 
husband, Captn. Thomas, was killed in the battle of 
Waterloo. . . ." 

"i 5th. 

". . . Lord Dacre said to me one day lately : ' Do 
you know, Creevey, how Brougham came to take the 
title of Vaux? because, you know, it is my title; but 
as I don't care about such things, I have never done 
or said anything about it. The title, however, is 
mine* . . . As Vaux has not enough upon his hands, 
he has opened his batteries in the Times of to-day 
against Lady Jersey in a longish and bitter article. 
She is mad in her rage against our Reform, and moves 
heaven and earth against it wherever she goes 
according to her powers; but those powers are by 
no means what they used to be. In short, she is like 
the rotten boroughs going to the devil as fast as she 


* Creevey's lodging in Bury Street, 
t Afterwards ;th Earl of Carlisle. 


" nth. 

". . . The King never ceases to impress upon 
Duncannon that all he and the Queen wish for is to 
be comfortable. He says that both he and the Queen 
find it inconvenient to be obliged to move all their 
books, papers, &c., out of their own sitting-rooms 
upon every Levee day and Drawing-room, because 
their rooms are wanted on such occasions; that as 
for removing to Buckingham House, he will do so if 
the Government wish it, tho' he thinks it a most ill^ 
contrived house ; and if he goes there, he hopes it 
may be plain, and no gilding, for he dislikes it 
extremely. But what he would prefer to everything, 
would be living in Marlborough House, which is 
Crown land and the lease nearly out. . . . Billy says 
if he might have a passage made to unite this house 
with St. James's, he thinks he and the Queen could 
live there very comfortably indeed. Now was there 
ever so innocent a Sovereign since the world was 

"Brooks's, 2 1 st. 

" I saw Lord Bruffam chased by Lord Eldon in 
their carriages to the door of the House of Lords. 
There is going to be a pitched battle between them 
to-night upon one of Brougham's Chancery legal 
reform bills. I'll bet upon our Arch-fiend ! . . . The 
enemy is in the most insolent crowing state possible 
to-day, perfectly certain, as they say, to defeat our 
Bill. Wetherell * told me last night he was as sure of 
their victory as of his own existence." 

" 22nd. 

". . . The King and Queen were to have gone to 
the Opera to-night, but an account has arrived to-day 
of the death of Kennedy who married one of the Miss 
Fitzclarences, so they don't go. Albemarle was to 
have dined there to-day, but the King said to him : 
' We have no dinner to-day, and don't go to the opera, 
because that is pleasure ; but we shall go on with the 
levee to-morrow, because that is duty.' A very pretty 
distinction, I think, for a King to make." 

* Sir Charles Wetherell [1770-1846], Attorney- General. 


" Brooks's, March 23rd. 
''Majority for our Bill 
i@ 1 -W 

" Devilish near, was it not ? Yesterday I was of 
opinion that to lose the question by one would have 
been the best thing for us ; but I don't think so now. 
. . . Everybody likes winning, and it keeps people's 
spirits up. ... I went into Crocky's after the opera, 
being determined to wait the result, and there were 
quantities of people in the same mind, friends and 
foes, but we were all as amicable and merry as we 
could be. A little before five [A.M.] our minds were 
relieved by the arrival of members without end 
friends and foes and I must say (with the exception 
of young Jack Shelley) the same good temper and fun 
were visible on both sides." 

" Tower, 24th. 

". . . You will see by your paper of to-day that 
Horace Seymour and Captn. Meynell are dismissed 
from the King's household, their offence having been 
voting against the King's Reform Bill. They were 
both of them Lord Hertford's members. This is 
something like ! Grey spoke about it to the King at 
the levee yesterday, and the job was done out of 

" 26th. 

"... I wish you could have been with me when I 
entered our Premier's drawing-room last night. I 
was rather early, and he was standing alone with his 
back to a fire the best dressed, the handsomest, and 
apparently the happiest man in all his royal master's 
dominions. . . . Lady Grey was as proud of my lord's 
speech as she ought to be, and she, too, looked as 
handsome and happy as ever she could be. . . . She 
said at least 3 times ' Come and sit here, Mr. Creevey.' 
You see the cause of this uniform kindness of Lady 
Grey to myself is her recollection that I was all for 
Lord Grey when many of his present worshippers 
were doing all they could against him. . . . Upon one 
of the duets between Lord Grey and me last night, 

VOL. ii. y 


who should be announced but Sir James Scarlett. 
He graciously put out a hand for each of us, but my 
lord received him so coldly, that he was off in an 
instant, and Grey said to me : ' What an extraordinary 
thing his coming here ! the more so, as I don't believe 
he was invited.' . . . Lady Grey said to me : ' I 
really could not be such a hypocrite as to put out my 
hand to Sir James Scarlett ; ' so he must have had a 
good night of it ! " 

" 28th. 

". . . Our dinner at Sefton's yesterday was very 
agreeable the Cowpers, Edward and Mrs. Stanley, 
Duke of Argyll, Melbourne, Palmerston, Foley, Alava, 
Charles Greville and myself. Alava and I were there 
ten minutes before anybody else, and he was very 
instructive about France, where he has been living 
for the last 5 years. As he says of himself, he 
naturally hates a Frenchman, but he has the greatest 
opinion of Casimir. . . . When little Derby was going 
to kneel upon being sworn a Privy Councillor, the 
King said : ' I beg you won't kneel, Lord Derby ; you 
have the gout.' ' Your Majesty must allow me.' ' I 
won't hear of it ! ' and he would not let him. Then he 
said : ' How long have you been Lord Lieutenant of 
Lancashire, my lord ? ' and when he told him, the King 
said : ' I have often heard my father say you was the 
best Lord Lieutenant in England, and so you are 
now ! ' " 

" 29th. 

"... I think there ought to be a collection made 
from authority of all the sayings of our beloved 
Sovereign. Take for instance one that Albemarle 
told me, and which he himself heard at the Queen's 
drawing-room. I don't know whether you are aware 
that the King gives every lady two kisses, one on 
each cheek ; but so it is. Well, on Thursday a lady 
was taking up her daughter to present her to the 
Queen, to do which they pass the King. It so happens, 
they live somewhere within reach of Bushey,* and 
used to visit there. The girl who was following her 
mother was so frightened that she took no notice of 

* Where William IV. had lived as Duke of Clarence. 

1830-31.] THE BILL IN COMMITTEE. 227 

the King as she passed him ; upon which he laid hold 
of her, and taking her by the hand, said : ' Oh, oh ! is 
this the way you treat your country friends ? ' and then 
gave her two kisses." 

" i6th April. 

". . . Now let me make a profound observation 
upon a decision the Speaker made known last night 
respecting Schedule A in the Reform Bill, viz. that a 
vote must be taken upon these boroughs one by one, 
and not in the lump. Permit me to say that, for us, 
this is perfectly invaluable ; the list being alphabetical, 
the first two boroughs in the schedule are Aldborough 
in Yorkshire, belonging to the Duke of Newcastle, 
and the other Aldborough in Suffolk belonging to 
Lord Hertford both the rottenest of the rotten. Well 
then if the House votes for abolishing either Aid- 
borough, the principle of abolition is admitted ; if they 
vote against it and succeed, then we go to a dissolution 
upon one of the rottenest cases in the schedule. This 
is the object of all others for an appeal to the country 

" i8tb 

"Sefton and I had Lord Chancellor Vaux to our- 
selves last night in Arlington Street. ... I can't con- 
ceal from you that, after he was gone, Sefton and I 
both agreed that a more unsatisfactory devil we had 
never beheld. Altho' he was in the most loquacious, 
animated state, we could neither of us make out for 
the life of us what he would be at. The only thing 
we could agree upon was that he was an intriguing, 
perfidious rogue." 

"Tower, 2ist. 

". . . This is a memorable day, and this a memorable 
hour of it, for our Sovereign has taken to this time to 
deliberate whether he accedes to Lord Grey's applica- 
tion for a dissolution. ... At all events the Reform 
Bill is to be abandoned in the House of Commons 
to-night upon the grounds that, in such a House o 
Commons, to carry it through is impossible. If the 
King runs true, a dissolution is to be announced at 
the same time; if he does not, the Ministers have to 
state that they have resigned." 


Ardent and uncompromising reformer and advocate 
of retrenchment as Creevey had always been, it is 
comical to see how he winced when the Committee, 
appointed by Lord Grey's Government to revise the 
scale of salaries, trenched upon his own emoluments. 
" Have you seen," he asks his step-daughter, " how 
that damned retrenching Committee have docked my 
office of 200 a year ? " And again " If Earl Grey 
does not get me back my 200 a year as Treasurer 
I'll eat him ! " Most of the Treasurer's correspondence 
at this time is taken up with the fluctuating prospects 
of the Reform Bill, and with various possibilities 
which presented themselves of his re-entering Par- 
liament in order to give the measure his support. 
But, as usual, his letters are full of diverse incidents 
and gossip. Describing a royal night at the Opera, 
he observes : " Billy 4th at the Opera was everything 
one could wish : a more Wapping air I defy a king to 
have his hair five times as full oipoudre as mine, and 
his seaman's gold lace cock-and-pinch hat was charm- 
ing. He slept most part of the Opera never spoke 
to any one, or took the slightest interest in the con- 
cern. ... I was sorry not to see more of Victoria : 
she was in a box with the Duchess of Kent, opposite 
and, of course, rather under us. When she looked 
over the box I saw her, and she looked a very nice 
little girl indeed." 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" April 23rd. 

". . . Nothing could exceed the firmness and con- 
duct altogether of our Sovereign yesterday. I know 
from Lord Grey that, when the latter stated the in- 
convenience that might arise from proroguing by 


commission, but added that it was quite out of the 
question to ask his Majesty to prorogue in person, 
the King replied: 'My lord, I'll go, if I go in a 
hackney coach ! ' ' 

On 4th May Thomas Creevey and James Brougham, 
brother of the Chancellor, were returned as members 
for Downton borough in the county of Wilts, by 
favour of the Earl of Radnor the truculent Folke- 
stone of Peninsular days. The affair was conducted 
in the good old style ; neither of the candidates took 
the trouble to visit their constituents, who were 
exceedingly few and docile, quite content to be repre- 
sented by anybody whom Lord Radnor chose to name 
to them. 

"Brooks's, May nth. 

". . . Having been dressed by Mr. Durham, Mrs. 
Durham* and Sally her niece, it was agreed that 
never coat fitted so well or was so becoming, and 
off we went [to Court]. Would you believe it? in 
about ten minutes I was detected as being in the 
wrong livery. It is the Household only that wear red 
collars and cuffs; the official ones are black. This 
was rather a bore, but it made great fun, as Earl Grey 
happened to come into our room whilst we were in 

Erogress to the Presence Chamber. I caught hold of 
im and told him of my mistake, upon which I thought 
he would have burst, he was so entertained, and he 
swore the King would find me out directly. But pas 
du tout : when I had kissed his hand, he said in the 
most good-natured manner : ' Oh, Creevey, how d'ye 
do? It is a long time since I had the pleasure of 
seeing you.' Little Sussex was next to him, and 
when I retired from my Sovereign backing, he said out 
loud : ' How gracefully he does it ! ' and even Privy 
Sealf laughed out loud. So it was all mighty well, 
and Jemmy McDonald brought me back." 

* Who kept his lodgings in Bury Street. 
t Lord Durham. 


"i 2th. 

". . . It was in contemplation, by some of the 
Cabinet, to postpone the Reform Bill when [the new] 
Parliament met till autumn a step that would have 
been madness, and perhaps ruin to them. That, how- 
ever, is quite abandoned, and Lambton authorised 
them to state at the Middlesex election that it would 
come on the very first thing." 

"9th May. 

". . . I had a very good day yesterday at my dear 
and old friend Essex's Lords Sefton, Foley, Cowper, 
Ducie, and Du Cane, Ellice and Poodle Byng : then to 
Arlington Street [the Seftons]; then to Dow. Sally's.* 
... I called yesterday on Niffy and the Pop,t but 
both were out." 

" i6th. 

". . . Brougham said to Sefton yesterday : ' I hear 
a batch of new peers is on the stocks; but / have 
never been consulted ; which I think is pretty well, 
considering my situation. However, as they can't be 
made without the Great Seal being put to their patents, 
I'll be damned if I use it for such purpose till I am 
properly consulted and give my consent !' ... As I 
learnt from Lord Sefton that Brougham's observations 
about me had been made at the Queen's ball last 
Monday, I was prepared for some change of manner 
in him when we met at dinner at Mrs. Ferguson's on 
Thursday; but it was quite otherwise. . . . We met 
again on Saturday at Hughes's, and tho' he was 
evidently out of sorts, it was not with me, for he con- 
fided to me before dinner that he never saw such a 
set of bores collected together that the thing was 
damnable and whenever he made any exertion at 
dinner, it was in addressing me at quite the other end 
of the table. As to bores, I don't know that they were 
particularly so. Lady Augusta Milbank, and Ciss 
Underwood, with such a profusion of gold bijouterie 
in all parts that nothing was wanting but something 

* Dowager Marchioness of Salisbury. 

t Marquess and Marchioness of Cleveland. 

1830-31.] THE PRIME MINISTER. 231 

hanging from her nose. Sir Harry and Lady Grey, 
little Sussex, Vaux, Lords Dundas and Uxbridge,* 
Denman, Col. J. Hughes, Councillor Whateley, Ad- 
miral Codrington (a real bore), Mr. Creevey, and some 
others I think. I sat next to Denman,f and never 
was more surprised than to find him a feeble punster 
and as commonplace a chap in conversation as I ever 
saw in my life. As Suss J took to smoking, and Vaux 
from ennui did the same, I availed myself of my 
remote situation near a door, and whipt off before 
they went to coffee." 

"Tower, May i8th, 1831. 

"... I paid a visit to Lady Grey in her [opera] 
box. . . . She is always shy of giving political 
opinions except when alone ; but upon my observing 
that, from what I heard, Brougham must be in his 
tantrums at present : ' I believe/ she said, ' he is mad' 
As she and Lord Grey had been staying at Holland 
House, I asked how it had answered, and she said : 
'As well as it could, sitting down 15 at dinner each 
day to a table that holds only nine.' Can't you see 
her saying that? . . . Grey complains of giddiness, 
and no wonder, with all he eats and his little exercise." 

" 2;th. 

". . . While I was riding in the Park yesterday, I 
received rather a smartish spat on my shoulder from 
an unseen stick. When I turned round and saw my 
assailant in quite an ultra fit of laughing, who do you 
suppose it could be? No other than our Prime 
Minister. . . . When I said of his royal master that 
every new thing I heard of him raised him higher in 
my opinion, he said : ' He is a prime fellow, is he 
not ?'...! heard part of the King's letter to Lord 
Grey : ' The King considers it as most important in 
the present crisis of affairs to give some decisive proof 
of his unqualified confidence in Lord Grey, and for 
such a purpose he trusts Lord Grey will no longer 

* Afterwards 2nd Marquess of Anglesey. 

t Afterwards Lord Chief Justice, created Lord Denman in 1834. 

% H.R.H. the Duke of Sussex. 


resist receiving from his hands the Order of the 
Garter, altho' that Order is now full ; Lord Grey to 
be an Extra Knight, and the Order to be reduced to 
its proper number upon the first vacancy.' " 


". . . I had an opportunity of seeing our own new 
knight, and very severe we were upon him for wear- 
ing his Garter upon pantaloons or trowsers he who 
always makes so distinguished a figure in shorts and 

"June I4th. 

". . . Well, Mull * tells me it is all settled about 
his father's peerage Baron Sefton of Croxteth.f 
There are only four others Kinnaird one, which is a 
charming blow by our Sovereign 'to the Scotch peers 
who would not elect him one or the 16 representative 


". . . Rather sharp work this day 16 years ago at 
Waterloo and Brussels. . . . Lord Grey told Sefton 
that Lambton J made him both miserable and actually 
ill by his constant interference and persecution of 
him. . . . Charles Greville told me he was at Lady 
Jersey's when Wellington was there, the subject of 
conversation being the cholera morbus. Lao!y Jersey 
said to the Duke : ' You know what Lord Grey has 
done about it?' 'No. 1 ' He has given orders that all 
merchandise coming from the Baltic shall be instantly 
destroyed.' 'Oh impossible!' 'But I know it to be 
quite true.' Just at that time she left the room and 
the Duke availed himself of her absence to observe 
to Greville 'What damned nonsense Lady Jersev 
talks! 1 . . ." 

" 20th. 

". . . Yesterday I dined in Portland Place and 
went in the evening to Downing Street, where I 
found Tommy Moore at the pianoforte, playing and 
singing his own melodies ; and very much delighted 
I was with his performance." 

* Viscount Molyneux, afterwards 3rd Earl of Sefton. 
t He was Earl of Sefton only in the peerage of Ireland. 
$ Lord Durham. 

1830-31.] INFLUENZA. 233 

" 25th. 

"... I have been giving a curious receipt upon a 
curious subject. The Duke of Wellington and Sir 
Wm. Knighton have this day paid me 3,170 as 
executors of his late Majesty. The money is for tents 
erected upon that part of Windsor Park called the 
Virginia Water. The canvas composing the tents is 
from Ordnance stores, and as his Majesty was pleased 
to imagine that whenever he took the field, his Ord- 
nance Department must supply him with tents, he 
never meant to pay for these articles. Tennyson, 
finding the amount of this job in his books, has 
demanded payment from the executors. . . . What 
think you of the payment of the artificers who put up 
these tents four large and four small ones being 
upwards of 2000 out of the 3,170? I think 
Knighton must have been one of these artificers. If 
such a sum can have been spent upon a few tents, 
what think you of the whole expenditure of the 
Virginia Water, Cottage, &c., &c. ? Oh dear, oh 
dear ! . . . Well our Reform Bill made its first 
appearance last night, and under most pacific circum- 
stances. . . . Peel was very temperate. 


". . . Our Earl [Sefton] is confined with the in- 
fluenza (la grippe}, and sent all over the town for me 
yesterday. ... 

" July 6th. 

"... I went to Arlington Street yesterday and 
found Lady Sefton, and was half inclined to put off 
dining there in order to be present at the Honorable 
[House], but she said I really should be of use, as 
Lord Sefton was still very unwell and very low, and 
that as Lord Grey and Mr. and Lady Elizabeth Bulteel 
were the only company, she begged me to come and 
help the party ; so what, you know, could I do ? The 
two Earls looked shockingly, and were still labouring 
under the grippe, and were as low as could be to 
begin with ; but altho' I say it who should not, I 
never had a better benefit than I had in bringing them 
both about. It is not usual to amuse a Prime 


Minister by jokes upon members of his own Cabinet ; 
but the ' Siamese youths' and the genteel comedy 
man Graham,* ivith imitations, stretched the veins in 
his forehead to their utmost, poor fellow. He said 
with the greatest innocence : ' Everybody told me 
there was nothing to be done without the two Grants,f 
and they have never been worth a farthing ! ' ' 


". . . We had a rum go of it in the H. of Commons 
last night in our division and minority about issuing 
the Liverpool writ. I never saw such feeble devils 
as our young Cabinet Ministers. . . . Lord Sefton is 
again very unwell and confined to the house. Halford, 
who had seen him to-day, is himself very unwell with 
this grippe, and he says the way he is hunted after by 
a succession of invalids under the same complaint, is 
really beyond ! " 


"... I dine on Friday at Lord Melbourne's, Satur- 
day at Lord Petre's, Sunday at Dowr. Sally's. ... A 
card from Lady Jersey for Thursday the first this 
season. Does she begin to think at last that she can't 
turn the Government out ? or is it in return for Grey's 
civility in sending as he did to the Beau and Peel to 
beg their assistance at a Council about the intended 
Coronation. Charles Greville carried the message 
from Grey, and they both seemed much pleased, and 
said they would attend." 

" Stoke, August 22nd. 

". . . I am very fond of Melbourne. There is an 
absence of all humbug about him and a frankness and 
good-humour that, in a Secretary of State, are charm- 
ing. What a contrast to the wretched, feeble, artificial 
Roscius ! " t 

* Right Hon. Sir James Graham [1792-1861], First Lord of the 

t One Grant was the Right Hon. Charles Grant [1778-1866], after- 
wards created Lord Glenelg. He held office in Lord Grey's Cabinet 
as President of the Board of Controul. The other was Robert Grant, 
M.P., a Canningite, appointed Governor of Bombay in 1834. 

\ Marquess of Lansdowne. 

1830-31.] THE RACE FOR HONOURS. 235 

The approaching Coronation caused the usual 
fierce competition and humiliating supplications for 
peerages, baronetcies, and such-like. The good 
offices of Creevey, as a member of the Government, 
were enlisted in many quarters. Here is a note from 
the Lord Chancellor referring to the claim of one 
of his friends who desired some genealogical par- 
ticulars inserted in his patent of baronetcy. 

Lord Brougham and Vaux to Mr. Creevey. 


" I return the letter of Lady W[alsham]. The 
insertion is wholly impossible, It is making the 
Crown and Great Seal a party to an assertion of 
pedigree, &c., &c., without a shadow of evidence, 
except their own assertion. For aught I can tell, 
there may be half a dozen people who say they are 
heirs-at-law of the 1661 man. 

" Yours ever, 

" H. B. 

" H. Meux is grandson of an old baronet, and heir- 
at-law undeniably, and connected with the Blood 
Royal in two or three ways ; but he has not the 
slightest allusion to it in his patent. Such things are 
never done for any of the idiots who think nothing 
so good as nick-names. I am sure Lady W. would 
have been far less pleased if her husband h?d made 
the best speech ever was made in Parlt, or her son 
had been Senior Wrangler. I hope the fools know it 
costs them above 1200. It is twice the price of a 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Sept. 7th. 

"... I returned to the Honorable, and was in at 
the death, thank God ! of the Reform Bill Committee. 


. . . Western can't be made a peer at present* least 
Jack Tyrrell should supply his place in our house." 

"Sept. 1 6, 1831. 

". . . Our Reform Report past last night without 
a division, and the only remaining stage is the 3rd 
reading of the Bill on Monday next, which it is 
calculated will occupy two, if not three nights. I am 
happy to say that our Earl Grey is as stout as a lion 
as to the result of the Bill in the Lords. If it is 
defeated, his mind is quite made up to prorogue for 
six weeks or two months make a new batch of peers 
in the interval that shall be quite sufficient in number 
to secure the measure, and then start fresh with it. 
As Holland said to me the other day if this bill is 
rejected, the question will be, will you have revolution 
or will you have a larger House of Lords ? and a very 
sensible man he is, with quite as warm an attachment 
to his office of Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 
as another person who shall be nameless to the 
Treasurership of the Ordnance ! " 

" Stoke, 2oth. 

". . . Old Wickedshifts and I had a most agreeable 
duet to Stoke, t or at least within 3 miles of it, when 
he had fairly talked himself to sleep. . . . Sefton and 
I were more astonished at him than ever. By his 
conversation with old Talleyrand it appeared most 
clearly that Vaux had been intimately acquainted with 
every leading Frenchman in the Revolution, and 
indeed with every Frenchman and every French book 
that Tally mentioned. He always led in this conver- 
sation, as soon as Tally had started his subject. Our 
party altogether was a most agreeable one Tally and 
the Dino, Esterhazy, M.[illegibre~] his 2nd in command, 
Vaux, old Greville and Ly. Charlotte, Punch f and 
Henry, Alava, Luttrell and myself. ... I got to the 
Honorable [House] before 12, when I found there had 
been a division ; in short, the Bill read a 3rd time 

* Mr. Western was made a peer in 1833. 

f Brougham had taken Creevey down in his carriage from London. 

t Charles Greville. 

1830-31.] CORONATION GOSSIP. 237 

between 5 and 6 o'clock a surprise, which did not 
serve the purpose which its wily authors intended ! " 

" House of Commons, 22nd. 

". . . Johnny has taken up his child in his arms, 
followed by a rare tribe of godfathers, and old 
Brougham approached us with proper dignity, and 
taking it into his arms carried it to his place and told 
their lordships the name given to it by the Commons. 
Then Lord Grey having moved it to be read the first 
time, which was done, moved the 2nd reading for 
Monday week 2nd October, which was agreed to not 
a word said." 

" Brooks's, Sept. 23rd. 

". . . Let me mention a thing which Sefton told 
me when I was at Stoke. I was expressing some 
surmise about this late jaw respecting the Duchess of 
Kent's absence from the Coronation, and the cause of 
it, when, having according to custom bound me to 
secrecy, he said he would tell me all about it, having 
had it from Brougham. The offensive attack upon 
her for her absence, assigning pure pique as the cause 
of it, made its appearance in the limes newspaper, 
and this became food for all the others ; upon which 
B. sent his secretary Le Marchant to Barnes, editor 
of the Times, insisting upon knowing whose article it 
was, knowing as he did that it was pure invention. 
Barnes said it came from an authority that he implicitly 
relied on, but that he could not and would not give 
him up. Le Marchant, when he brought this report 
to B., gave it as his opinion that, if B. himself took 
Barnes in hand, the latter would strike. He was, of 
course, summoned accordingly, and having yielded to 
the thundering or seducing arguments of our Vaux, 
the libeller turned out to be no other than Henry de 
Ros, as at present Lord de Ros. It seems he and 
Barnes have been lately mixed up a good deal together 
at Paris, and this is the use de Ros has chosen to 
make of the connection. It is barely possible that 
de Ros may have believed this to be true, upon the 
authority of his sister, who, you know, is Maid of 
Honor to the Queen. . . . The object, however, both 


of sister and brother was clearly to do the Duchess of 
Kent an injury, and by such means to please the King 
and Queen, particularly the latter, who is known to 
have somewhat adverse feelings to the Duchess. The 
thing, however, was utterly destitute of foundation, 
the Duchess of Kent having most respectfully asked 
the King for permission to absent herself on account 
of her child's health, and the King, in the most gracious 
manner, haying greatly extolled her conduct for the 
reasons assigned by her. 

" The Duchess of Kent wrote to her adviser, Vaux, 
in a strain of the greatest distress and vexation, but 
she is now pacified, and he has informed her of his 
discovery of the slanderer, but that he humbly requests 
of her R. Highness that she will not command him to 
disclose the author. In the mean time, as no one 
knows better how to turn any little matter to account 
than our Vaux, and as he knows that de Ros is to be 
a thorough-stitch opposer of our Reform Bill in the 
Lords, he sends for the innocent Leinster, and he 
states to him with unaffected regret that Lord de Ros 
has unfortunately compromised himself and character 
in an affair of great publick importance, and is entirely 
in the hands of the Government. Under such circum- 
stances, Vaux requests the Duke to urge his kinsman 
with all his might to use every possible caution against 
this matter being made publick. Now was there ever? 
Do you think de Ros's vote will be withheld by this 

" Brooks's, Oct. 6th. 

". . . What the result [of the division of the Lords] 
will be, no one knows, excepting this much, that their 
strength is in proxies, i.e., in those who are rejecting 
the Bill without hearing it." 

There is no mention in Creevey's letters of the 
result which took place on the 8th October. The 
Lords divided at six in the morning, throwing out 
the Bill by 199 votes to 158. A few days earlier, 
Macaulay had spoken the memorable words : " I know 
only two ways in which societies can be governed 

1830-31.] THE REFORM AGITATION. 239 

by public opinion and by the sword ; " and immediately 
the reality of the alternative became apparent in the 
country. An agitation of violence, unparalleled since 
the Civil War, raged in every part of the kingdom, 
and the forces of the Crown proved unequal to cope 
with those of the populace in Bristol, Nottingham, 
and other places. Creevey paid a visit to Dublin 
during the autumn, in which it is not necessary to 
follow him; observing, in passing, that his passage 
from Holyhead to Kingstown occupied "just sixteen 
hours, the average trip being six hours and a half. 1 
He was back in time for the meeting of Parliament 
on 6th December, it having been prorogued on 
20th October. 


THE year 1832 dawned upon a stricken field. The 
great battle for Reform seemed to have been fought 
and won. It is true that the forces upon each side 
were still in array upon their respective positions; the 
artillery of both was still discharging its thunder ; but 
the majority of 162 by which the Bill had been carried 
before the Christmas adjournment had shattered the 
last hopes of the Opposition. Excursions and alarums 
continued when the House met again, but all men had 
made up their minds to the inevitable, and were cast- 
ing about for some sure foothold under the new order 
of things. Nevertheless, the House of Lords, as it 
proved, were ready to renew the war. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Jany. 2oth, 1832. 

". . . Oh dear! what a squeak we had last night. 
To come down to a majority of only 20. Sad work, 
gentlemen, sad work ! However, it might have been 
worse, for the enemy to the last thought we were beat. 
We are bunglers when we quit the subject of Reform. 
. . . It is some comfort that in our other shop, the 
Lords, everything went well. Lord Grey had insisted 
on Lord Hill * voting against the Duke of Wellington, 
and he did so looking very miserable." 

* As Commander-in-chief, and therefore a member of the Govern- 



". . . Durham told me Tennyson * is moving heaven 
and earth to get the name of his office changed from 
' clerk ' to that of ' secretary ' or anything else, alleging 
gravely as a reason that a very advantageous marriage 
for his eldest daughter had gone off, solely from the 
lover not being able to stand the lady's father being 
* clerk f 

"Feb. 1 3th. 

". . . Yesterday I dined in Arlington Street, with 
Talleyrand, the Dinp, Lord and Lady Cowper, the 
Dukes of Devonshire and Argyll, Mulgrave and 
Charles Greville, and a very agreeable day we had, in 
spite of the total deafness of the D. of Devonshire." 


"We had a great go of it last night: 53 boroughs 
fell in succession without a fight. But there is still 
great division in the Cabinet about making peers, 
altho' Lord Grey has now the King's permission 
under his own hand in writing to use his own discre- 
tion in making whatever addition to the Peerage he 
thinks necessary. Brougham's illness seemed to 
affect his vigor of mind, and made him rather on the 
jib on this subject ; but now he is himself again, and 
quite as vigorous as ever in his demand for new peers. 
Grey, Goderich, Holland and Lambton are on the 
same side, but there is a regular murrain in all the rest 
of the squad. . . . King Billy hates the peer-making, 
but as a point of honor to his ministers he gives 
them unlimited power." 

" March I3th (my birthday). 

" We had a great party in Downing Street last 
night, the Tories being at least 3 to i to us Whigs. I 
had a most agreeable conversation with Lord Grey, 
quite at his ease in a corner, and I beg to record the 
substance of part of it, that we may see how his 
predictions correspond with the event. I asked him 
how he felt about this Bill of his did he feel con- 
fident he could carry the 2nd reading ? ' Oh certainly. 

* Clerk to the Board of Ordnance. 


We shall be able to carry Schedule A to give 
members to the great towns, and to carry the 10 
qualification clause without any alteration.' I said I 
trusted he was not too sanguine about it, for that 
I never could believe it till I saw it ; but that, if he 
proved to be right, he need not care about the loss of 
Schedule B or anything else, because a new Parlia- 
ment would soon settle everything. . . . That he is 
under delusion in his expectations, I cannot yet bring 
myself to doubt. . . . You know that Earl Grey is 68 
this day, and his faithful Treasurer [Creevey] 64. 
I reckon it a great honor to have been born on the 
same day of the year with him." 

" 22nd. 

". . . Our case stands thus. Wood, Lord Grey's 
secretary, and Wharncliffe went over their lists of 
the H. of Lords yesterday, and they lay down as law 
that the 2nd reading will be carried by 12 ! " 

" Tower, March 24th. 

". . . Well, the Reform 'Bill closed with us last 
night. ... I have been drawing on the bank to-day 
in favor of Cox and Greenwood for upwards of 
50,000. Is it your opinion they will ever get as 
much from me again ? My opinion is they will not. 
However, if I lose my office, I shall give up Downton, 
retire into the country, and write memoirs." 

" Bury St., 26th. 

". . . The Cabinet met yesterday and were unani- 
mous. Thursday week was to be proposed for the 
2nd reading in the Lords, instead of this day week, 
because in the interval all the supplies for the year 
can be voted, and if, after that, the 2nd reading is 
rejected or outvoted that very hour Parliament is to 
be prorogued, and peers created to any requisite 


"... I am in much better heart about the 2nd 
reading in the Lords. Altho' Wharncliffe and Har- 
rowby have few or no followers, yet it is so evidently 
fright of the consequences that a second rejection of 

I832-33-] LADY GREY'S PARTY. 243 

this Bill may produce that influences them in their 
present course, that the same fright has very naturally 
found its way into other members of the Tory camp. 
. . . Howick told me his father [Lord Grey] had this 
very day received letters from six Tory peers ex- 
pressing their intentions either to vote for the 2nd 
reading or to stay away, and thanking Lord Grey for 
not having carried this Bill by a new creation of 

"April 2nd. 

"... I have a card to dine with Lord Dudley for 
this day week, tho' it is said he is insane, and Halford 
told Sefton he was to be put under coercion this very 

" 4th. 

"Well, altho' I say it who should not, I really 
think I was very great, at the Earl and Countess 
Grey's on Saturday. The party consisted of the Duke 
and Duchess of Sussex/ who came together in the 
same carriage, and therefore their marriage could not 
be more distinctly announced ;t Lord and Ly. Cleve- 
land, Lord and Lady Morley, Lord and Lady Pon- 
sonby, General and Lady Grey, Bulteel and Lady 
Churchill, Ellice, Sydney Smith and Mr. Creeyey. As 
I opened the door for the ladies when they left the 
dining-room, Lady Cleveland said : ' How agreeable 
you have been ! ' When Lady Grey came last, she 
put out her hand and said : ' Oh thank you ! 
Mr. Creevey; how useful you have been. 1 Lady 
Georgiana told me last night she had laughed out aloud 
in bed at one of my stories. . . . Such is my evidence 
of the success of a vain old man ! . . . I don't sup- 
pose there could be a stricter or more cordial friend- 
ship than between Lady Morley and myself. She has 
a great deal of natural waggery, with overflowing 

* Lord Dudley died in the following year. 

t The Duke of Sussex married Lady Augusta Murray, daughter of 
the 4th Earl of Dunmore, in 1793, but the marriage was dissolved in 
1794 as being contrary to the Royal Marriage Act. Lady Augusta 
died in 1830, when his Royal Highness declared his marriage with 
Lady Cecilia, ninth daughter of the Earl of Arran, and widow of Sir 
George Buggin. 


spirits, but she is more of a noisy man than a polished 

" I7th. 

". . . Albemarle just tells me he has seen the 
King often since the event, and that nothing can equal 
his ecstacies. He justly observes ' it is such a load off 
his mind.' He never slept a wink, he says, on Friday 
night till he learnt the result. To be sure, he ought 
to be pretty grateful to the jockey who rode and won 
the race for him." 

The jubilation of the Reformers was brief indeed. 
The Bill, indeed, had passed the second reading in 
the Lords on 6th April by a majority of nine, but this 
was only by help of the Tory Lords Wharncliffe and 
Harrowby, and their slender following, who were 
known by the ominous title of the Waverers. Such 
a majority could scarcely impart sufficient momentum 
to the measure to carry it through committee ; and, in 
effect, on the first evening after the Easter recess, the 
Government were beaten on Lord Lyndhurst's motion 
to postpone the clauses disfranchising the rotten 

Thereupon, on 8th May, Lord Grey advised the 
King to create so many peers "as might ensure the 
success of the Bill in all its essential principles." 
King William's enthusiasm for the measure had 
greatly cooled since the second reading; he refused 
to take the step recommended ; and Lord Grey and 
his colleagues resigned on Qth May. His Majesty 
then commissioned the Duke of Wellington to form 
an administration. The Duke undertook to do so, 
on the understanding that he should bring in an 
extensive measure of Reform ; but he utterly failed 
in the attempt to get Peel, Baring, and others to 
face work so contrary to their principles and past 


adu, , 

1832-33-] LORD GREY RESIGNS. 245 

professions. In the end, Lord Grey was induced to 
withdraw his resignation, and before the end of the 
month a fresh Whig Ministry was in office. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Bury Street, May gth. 

". . . Ladies, I have lost my Tower ! Oen est fait 
de nous ! Dead as mutton, every man John of us, so 
help me Jingo ! You see, after our defeat in the Lords 
on Monday, a Cabinet was summoned for that night 
and the next day. The result was Grey and Brougham 
going down to Windsor yesterday at 3 o'clock to ask 
the King to create a sufficient number of peers in order 
to recover their ground and so secure the Bill, or, if 
he would not do that, to accept their resignation. 
They did not return till eleven ; but by means of 
my faithful and active enquirer, Sefton, who got to 
Crocky's a little past one, I found it was all over. 
The King had not even preserved his usual civility, 
had shown strong reluctance to the proposition, and 
concluded by saying Lord Grey should have his 
answer on Thursday. He did not even offer the poor 
fellows any victuals, and they were obliged to put into 
port at the George posting-house at Hounslow, and 
so get some mutton chops. . . . Sefton was with 
Brougham a little after nine this morning, and during 
his stay a letter came from Grey to B. enclosing 
the King's letter just received, in which his Majesty 
accepts their resignation. Let me not fail to add that 
Brougham, on having read it out aloud to Sefton, 
sprung from his chair and, rubbing his hands, declared 
that it was the happiest moment of his life ! I dare- 
say, from his late debility, that what he said he felt. 
. . . Our beloved Billy cuts a damnable figure in this 
business, because he is clearly influenced by our defeat 
on Monday. He permitted the Duke of Cumberland 
to tell his friends that he would make no peers, and 
then the rats were in their old ranks again at once. 
All that / have to hope upon this occasion is that there 
will be the same dawdling in making out my successor's 
patent as there was in making out mine. I regret 


certainly the loss of position and of doing agreeable 
things to myself with my official resources ; but it was 
quite an unexpected windfall to me, has lasted much 
longer than I expected, and the recollection of the 
manner in which it fell to my lot will always be most 
agreeable to me. And so there's an end ol the busi- 
ness, and it will never affect me more." 

" Tower, May loth. 

". . . Our perfidious Billy was the outside of 
graciosity to Lord Grey at the levee yesterday, and 
said Geo. the 2nd could not have felt more bitterly at 
parting from Sir Robert Walpole, nor Geo. the 3rd at 
parting with Lord North, than he did at parting with 
Lord Grey. Damned easy said, was it not? As to 
our Bruffam, the King implored him three times over 
not to leave him, used every argument to convince 
him that he was not bound to go out, and that, by 
remaining, the greatest possible publick benefit would 
accrue to the country. Brougham, however, had no 
alternative but to tell him that it was most distressing 
to his feelings to be urged to separate himself from 
Lord Grey, with whose fate his own was irrevocably 
fix'd. The King tried his hand, too, upon the Duke 
of Richmond, who was equally firm. . . . Upon leaving 
the Palace on his return to Windsor, Billy got rather 
roughly treated by the people, both at his own door 
and at Hyde Park Corner and other places." 

House of C., 1 8th. 

". . . To-night really all is right. If you doubt it, 
take Althorp's communication to our House, viz. : 
'That the Government, having received securities for 
passing the Reform Bill, remain his Majesty's Minis- 
ters during pleasure.' This was followed by a most 
valuable declaration from Peel 'that he never would 
have joined the late attempted administration of the 
Duke of Wellington.' . . . Grey and Reform and the 
Tower for ever ! " 

" 26th. 

" One more day will finish the concern in the Lords, 
and that this should have been accomplished as it has 

1832-33.] THE REFORM BILL PASSED. 247 

against a great majority of peers, and without making 
a single new one, must always remain one of the 
greatest miracles in English history. The conqueror 
of Waterloo had great luck on that day ; so he had 
when Marmont made a false move at Salamanca ; but 
at last comes his own false move, which has destroyed 
himself and his Tory high-flying association for ever, 
which has passed the Reform Bill without opposition. 
That has saved the country from confusion, and per- 
haps the monarch and monarchy from destruction." 

" Tower, June 2nd. 

". . . In the House of Lords yesterday Grey, accord- 
ing to his custom, came and talked with me. It is 
really too much to see his happiness at its being all 
over and well over. He dwells upon the marvellous 
luck of Wellington's false move upon the eternal 
difficulties he (Grey) would have been involved in had 
the Opposition not brought it to a crisis when they 
did. Their blunder he conceives to have been their 
belief that he would not resign upon this defeat on an 
apparent question of form. Thank God ! they did not 
know their man." 

"June 5th. 

". . . Thank God! I was in at the death of this 
Conservative plot, and the triumph of pur Bill. This 
is the third great event of my life at which I have been 
present, and in each of which I have been to a certain 
extent mixed up the battle of Waterloo, the battle 
of Queen Caroline, and the battle of Earl Grey and the 
English nation for the Reform Bill. If the Conserva- 
tive press is aware that the Master-in-Chancery who 
carried this Bill from the Lords to the Commons was 
our Harry Martin, lineal descendant of Harry Martin 
the regicide, what a subject it will be for them to- 
morrow ! " 


". . . The Reform Bill passed by Commission 
commissioners Lords Grey, Brougham, Durham, Hol- 
land and Wellesley." 


" 1 8th. 

". . . How do you think the Duke of Wellington 
has been treated on this anniversary of the battle of 
Waterloo? He went to call on Wetherell at Lincoln's 
Inn on horseback, and, being recognised, so large a 
mob assembled there and shewed such very bad 
temper towards him, that he was obliged to send for 
the police to protect him home, and he did accordingly 
return in the centre of a very large body of police and 
a mob of about 2000 people, hooting him all the way." * 

" Tower, 27th. 

". . . Grey would not go to the Duke of Welling- 
ton's last night, tho' invited to meet the King; but he 
had an audience with the King during the day to 
apologise for so doing. Lady Grey, too, was at the 
Opera, instead of being with her King and Queen. 
How like them both! and yet I suppose it was wrong." 

" Buxton, Sept. Qth. 

". . . I have been so lucky in picking up a play- 
fellow in Lady Wellesley. She sent me a message 
that she wished to renew her acquaintance with me ; 
since which I have walked for an hour with her daily, 
and in my life I never found a more agreeable com- 
panion. She always asked me to come again the next 
day, and I franked all her letters for her. Miss Caton 
told me a very pleasant saying of King Billy about 
Lady Wellesley. When she was in waiting at 
Windsor, some one, in talking of Mrs. Trollope's 
book, said : ' Do you come from that part of America 
where they " guess " and where they " calculate " ? ' 

* The facts were not exactly as reported to Mr. Creevey. The 
Duke was returning from the Mint when the mob assembled. Attempts 
were made in Fenchurch Street to drag him from his horse, and in 
Holborn there was some stone-throwing. Four policemen two on 
each side of his horse's head escorted him to the end of Chancery 
Lane, down which the Duke turned and rode to Sir Charles Wetherell's 
chambers in Lincoln's Inn. The gate of New Street Square being 
closed behind him, the mob was kept at bay, while the Duke rode 
quietly out into incoln's Inn Fields and so home to Apsley House. 

1832-33.] THE END OF THE OLD ORDER. 249 

King Billy said : ' Lady Wellesley comes from where 
they fascinate ! '" * 

" Stoke, Nov. 4th. 

". . . Here are our Greys and Talleyrand and the 
Dino. . . . What an idiot I am never to have made 
myself a Frenchman. To think of having such a card 
as this old villain Talleyrand so often within one's 
reach, and yet not to be able to make anything of it. I 
play my accustomed rubber of whist with him." 

Creevey's retirement from Parliament was now 
imminent, for although Lord Radnor and other friends 
were anxious to find him a seat, and many proposals 
were made to him, things could not be so snugly 
arranged under the new order of things as had been 
possible in the good old days of pocket boroughs! 
Therefore, Lord Grey, Lord Sefton, and the rest of his 
many friends in the party now in power, concerned 
themselves to find him a comfortable billet outside 

" Brooks's, Nov. 24th. 

"... I got a bothering, long-winded letter from 
Wood, stating how very anxious both Lord Grey and 
Althorp were to have every official man in the House 
of Commons, and, in short, giving me a very in- 
telligible jog or hint that my place would be more 
usefully filled by a House of Commons man ; and then 
a place for life was offered me in return which has 
just become vacant. And what do you suppose this 
place was ? It is Receiver-General of the Isle of Man 
salary 500 a year residence in the said romantic 
island nine months only out of the twelve. ... I said 
the Isle of Man as a piece of humour was everything 
I could wish, and I could only treat it in that way ; 
that if Lord Grey wanted my place for the purpose 
of strengthening his Government in the House of 

* Lady Wellesley was a daughter of Mr. Caton of Philadelphia, 


Commons, it was quite at his disposal, with great 
obligations on my part for his manner of having given 
it me, and without asking for any terms whatever." 

Earl of Sefton to Mr. Creevey. 

" Nov. 24th. 


" I have been at work for you this morning, 
and am much satisfied with the result. Brougham 
says you cannot be left in the lurch, and laughs at the 
Isle of Man. Wood says, 'Very well: things must 
remain as they are at present, and we must try and 
find something that will suit him.' Ellis [? Ellice] was 
present : they both volunteered saying you had the 
first claim of anybody, and MUST be considered; that 
even if you had no place now, you wd. have irresistible 
claims both on party and private grounds. In short, 
you stand as well as possible, if you don't take the 
romantic line, of which I know by experience you are 
quite capable." 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Bury St., Nov. 2 8th. 

". . . Sefton said he did not wonder that I would 
not touch the Isle of Man, but it was the only thing 
they had then to offer, and that the applications for it 
were endless." 

" ist Dec. 

". . . Well, here goes for the last letter I shall ever 
frank; and what of that? We shall get others to frank 
for us, and Monday will be the last day I shall ever 
receive a letter free, except at the Tower.* Ah, 
Barry, my dear ! there's the rub the Tower, the dear 
Tower ; how long shall we have it ? " 

* Members of Parliament enjoyed the privilege, not only of 
franking letters, but of receiving them without paying the postage 
which ordinary recipients had to do to the tune of from lod. to is. 6d. 
according to distance. 


"Dec. $th. 

". . . Lord Grey has lost that one front tooth 
which has so long upheld his upper lip ; but his face, 
tho' altered by it, is much less so than I should have 
expected ; and his voice and manner of speaking not 
the least affected by it." 

Intense curiosity prevailed as to the appearance 
of the reformed Parliament, and all the political 
memoirs of that time abound with impressions there- 
of. On the whole, the outward change was much 
less than most people expected at least, as to the 
class of members returned. The position of parties, 
indeed, was of startling significance. For the first 
time in the history of Parliament the voice of the 
people had obtained articulate utterance, and its 
accents were a stern condemnation and rejection of 
those who had resisted Reform. The new House of 
Commons contained but 149 Tories against 509 Whigs 
and Liberals ; but some of the extreme men who were 
returned found their level, much to their own surprise 
and those of their friends, considerably lower than 
they had anticipated. Such is the mysterious but 
irresistible atmosphere of the House of Commons in 
all ages. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Feby. 2nd, 1833. 

". . . The start the other day was most favorable 
for the Government. Hume boasted beforehand that 
he was sure of 100 followers; so that 31 only was 
a woful falling off. It seems to be put beyond all 
doubt that Cobbett can do nothing. His voice and 
manner of speaking are tiresome, in addition to which 
his language is blackguard beyond anything one ever 
heard of. O'Connell, too, was disgustingly coarse." 


" gth. 

". . . It is made perfectly manifest by their first 
vote that the Reformed Parliament is not a Radical 
one, when Joe Hume and the Rt. Honble. Tennyson 
and all the O'Connells and all the Repealers, with 
Cobbett to boot, could only muster 40 against 400!" 

" Tower, Feby. 28th, 1833. 

". . . What say you to the Duchesse de Berri's 
approaching accouchement ? Young Bourmont is said 
to be the lucky lover. What a termination to all her 
heroism to save the Crown of France for her son! 
It is really too ridiculous : just the event to close the 
career of the Carlists." 

" March 14. 

" There has been most stormy work in the Cabinet 
for some time, and it has been with the greatest 
difficulty Grey and Althorp have submitted to 
Stanley's obstinacy about Irish tithes. The more 
violent Lambton I dare say would not submit, and he 
retires with an earldom, to cure his headaches, of 
course. What pretty physic! How delighted his 
colleagues must be that he is gone, for there never 
was such a disagreeable, overbearing devil to bear 
with in a Cabinet. . . ." 

"April loth. 

" How are you all as to Influenza ? Here it spares 
no one man, woman, or child, and it is a decided 
epidemic. I can scarcely see out of my eyes for it at 
this moment. . . ." 

"April 1 5th. 

"There is an unfavourable account of Charles 
Grenfell, who is laid up at Stoke with this influenza. 
My lord and my lady [Sefton] arrived between 9 and 
10 from Stoke on purpose to see Taglioni dance, but 
she was in bed with this complaint. There are 
seventeen servants at Stoke laid up with it, not one of 
whom can do a stroke of work." 


1 8th. 

". . . Sefton is seriously annoyed at the terrible 
state in which Lord Foley's family have been left. 
They have been literally without bread of late. The 
present young lord, who is excellent, was induced by 
his father to make himself answerable for his father's 
debts, and will not have a farthing left. She has a 
jointure of 2,500 a year, and the younger children 
(7 in number) have 30,000 amongst them. The 
family estate was 40,000 a year, all of which is 
either gone, or must go. Was there ever such 
wickedness ?" 

" May 20th. 

". . . There is the greatest fuss about the turn-out 
at Sefton's to-day. I don't know if you remember a 
picture of Charles X. in the dining-room, sent to the 
Sefton's by the King himself. The Dino says it is 
absolutely impossible that the Due d'Orleans can sit 
opposite that picture at dinner, and yet says that, in 
the situation of the Seftons, she would die rather than 
it should be taken away ; so all she prays of them is 
that it may not be in the dining-room." 


". . . Would you believe it, that cursed Berkeley * 
has gone and married the woman he lived with, after 
his father behaving so beautifully as he did upon 
what he was led to consider their separation for ever. 
He settled 200 a year for life upon her, 100 upon 
the child, and all their debts paid ; and yet, the day 
before yesterday, this colonel had the grace to 
announce to his father by letter from Gloucester that 
he is married, and that 600 is absolutely necessary 
to free him from fresh difficulties. Sefton told me he 
would have nothing to reproach himself for to the last, 
and he has sent him this 600. ... I think for the 
purchase of the Lieut. Colonelcy of the 8th Hussars 
befton gave 11,000. I never could tell why, but he 
was certainly Sefton's favorite son, and a charming 

* Lieut.-Colonel the Hon. George Berkeley Molyneux, 2nd son of 
the 2nd Earl of Sefton. In Burke's Peerage Colonel Molyneux's 
marriage with Mrs. Eliza Stuart is dated 1824. 


return he has made him. . . . Yesterday I dined at 
Stanley's. Mr. Macaulay and Mr. Gordon were the 
only performers after dinner, and two more noisy 
vulgar fellows I never saw. Fitzroy Somerset, 
Kempt, McDonald and I settled them between our- 
selves afterwards." 

"June ist. 

"... I had a great deal of Duncannon's two eldest 
daughters [at Lady Grey's party]. Lord Kerry was 
in close attendance upon the second, as it is said he 
always is, and I trust he will marry her." * 

"Tower, June 12. 

" I begin here, not from having anything to write 
about, but from pure affection to the spot. As soon 
as I see my four turrets come in view when I turn 
into Tower Street, I think what agreeable companions 
they have been to me, and I always hope they may 
continue so for a little longer. 

" Here's the bower, the darling Tower, 

The Tower that Rufus planted ; 
Dear Norman King ! twas just the thing 
The thing that Creevey wanted. 

" I'll tell you one project I wish my Tower to carry 
into execution for me. I have set my heart upon our 
all going to the Menai Bridge in the autumn. My 
allowance for going to Ireland gives me one pair of 
horses, and my place will easily give the leaders. So 
think of it, ladies, and gratify me by saying it shall be 
done, and it shall be called ' the Treat of the Tower.' 
. . . Our dinner in Arlington Street was quite as gay 
as if Berkeley had not disgraced himself as he has 
done the Manyers's, George Ansons and de Ros's, 
with the usual list of dandies and swindlers (D'Orsay 


". . . We had a capital assembly at Lady Grey's, 
and I collected clearly that we are not going to resign, 
let the majority in the Lords against our Irish Church 

* He did so within a year. 


Reform Bill be what it may ; so that is all as it should 
be. The great stumbling-block before us is will the 
Lords consent to the future reduction of the Irish 
Bishops. It is a bitter pill for them to swallow : I 
don't see how the English Bishops are to stand it ; 
and yet I am perfectly convinced that if that bill is 
flung out in the Lords, the present House of Commons, 
either in this very session or the next, will commence 
operations for dislodging the Bishops from the H. of 
Lords altogether ; and eventually they must succeed." 

"... I met Brougham at dinner yesterday at Miss 
Berry's, and a most agreeable dinner we had. In 
addition to Brougham Sydney Smith, Ld. and Ly. 
Lyttelton, Ly. Charlotte Lindsay, Mr. and Mrs. Stan- 
ley (the member for Cheshire). She is a person 
greatly admired, a daughter of the late Lord Dillon. 
Ly. Lyttelton, you know, is a sister of Althorp's, and 
seemed quite as worthy, and in her dress as homely as 
he, tho' the Berry told me she was very highly accom- 
plished. It was shortly after I came into Parliament 
that Ward * and Lyttelton f came into the H. of 
Commons, each with great academical fame and every 
prospect of being distinguished public men. Poor 
Ward, with all his acquirements and talents, made 
little of it, went mad and died. Lyttelton having 
married, and being very poor, could not afford to 
continue in Parliament ; and tho' he wanted little to 
enable him to do so, the meanness of Lord Spencer 
would not supply him with it, and he has been an 
exile almost ever since. Tho' grown very grey for 
his age, he is as lively and charming a companion as 
the town can produce, and they are said to be the 
happiest couple in the world." 

" 20th. 

". . . I have just heard from Tavistock, who is 
undoubted authority, that we have agreed to modify 
the clause in our Church Reform Bill which was so 
offensive to the Lords, with the understanding that 

* Afterwards ist Earl of Dudley. 
t Third Lord Lyttelton. 


they are not to oppose the Bill. The consequence of 
this must necessarily be that, when the fight does 
come (and come it must, sooner or later) the Govern- 
ment will have so much less sympathy and support 
because of this surrender. However, if the Tower 
does but float till next session of Parliament, it is 
much more than ever I expected ! " 

" July 6th. 

" I met Lady Holland again on Thursday at Lord 
Sefton's. She began by complaining of the slipperi- 
ness of the courtyard, and of the danger of her horses 
falling; to which Sefton replied that it should be 
gravelled the next time she did him the honor of 
dining there. She then began to sniff, and, turning 
her eyes to various pots filled with beautiful roses 
and all kinds of flowers, she said : ' Lord Sefton, I 
must beg you to have those flowers taken out of the 
room, they are so much too powerful for me.' Sefton 
and his valet Paoli actually carried the table and all 
its contents out of the room. Then poor dear little 
Ly. Sefton, who has always a posy as large as life at 
her breast when she is dressed, took it out in the 
humblest manner, and said : ' Perhaps, Lady Holland, 
this nosegay may be too much for you.' But the 
other was pleased to allow her to keep it, tho' by 
no means in a very gracious manner. Then when 
candles were lighted at the close of dinner, she would 
have three of them put out, as being too much and too 
near her. Was there ever ? " 

"Denbies, I5th. 

". . . This spot is one of the most beautiful I 
know. ... I am in the second volume of poor 
Roscoe's Lorenzo de Medici. I read his Leo three or 
four years ago with great pleasure, and the present 
book with encreased delight. I can scarcely conceive 
a greater miracle than Roscoe's history that a man 
whose dialect was that of a barbarian, and from whom, 
in years of familiar intercourse, I never heard above 
an average observation, whose parents were servants 
(whom I well remember keeping a public house), 
whose profession was that of an attorney, who had 


never been out of England and scarcely out of Liver- 
pool that such a man should undertake to write the 
histor}^ of the Hth and i5th centuries, the revival of 
Greek and Roman learning and the formation of the 
Italian [illegible] that such a history should be to the 
full as polished in style as that of Gibbon, and much 
more simple and perspicuous that the facts of this 
history should be all substantiated by references to 
authorities in other languages, with frequent and 
beautiful translations from them by himself is really 
too ! Then the subject is to my mind the most capti- 
vating possible : one's only regret is that poor Roscoe, 
after writing this beautiful history of his brother 
bankers the Medici, should not have imitated their 
prudence, and by such means have escaped appearing 
in that profane literary work, the Gazette ! Oh dear ! 
what a winding up for his fame at last ! " 

" i;th. 

". . . You must know that for months past I have 
been firing into Ellice, and through him into Durham, 
for their joint patronage of Barnes, the editor of the 
Times newspaper ; being convinced that the vindictive 
articles in that paper against Lord Grey were written 
or dictated by Durham. . . . On Sunday I found that 
Lambton and Ellice have recently become at daggers 
drawn, and Ellice told me he had received such a letter 
of abuse from him in the Isle of Wight as had never 
been penned. The subject was nothing less than that 
he Lord Durham was going to withdraiv his proxy 
from the support of Ld. Grey and his Government. 
Ellice admitted the connection between Durham and 
Barnes, and that the communications between them 
had been carried on by Lord Dover, just deceased. 
The said Durham, according to Ellice, is now Prime 
Minister to the Duchess of Kent and Queen Victoria, 
and they are getting up all their arrangements together 
in the Isle of Wight for a new reign ! You may 
remember that Durham was King Leopold's* right 
hand man when he was going to be King of Greece 
drew all his State papers tor him, and has always 
been his bottle-holder ever since. So nothing is more 

* King of the Belgians : brother of the Duchess of Kent. 


likely than his becoming first favorite with the 
Duchess of Kent and Victoria in a new reign." 

"3 1 st. 

"Well, you see with what flying colours we 
finished our Irish Church Bill last night. A great 
body of the Tories are absolutely furious with the 
Beau for what wd. you suppose ? as two of them 
told me to my own self -for want of pluck ! " 

"August ;th. 

". . . As I was walking in the streets, Lady Ciss, 
or Princess Ciss, passed me in her carriage, and 
immediately pulled up. She wished to know if I was 
disengaged, as the Duke [of Sussex] and she were 
going to dine quite alone, and they would be delighted 
if I would join them. Affable, was it not ? in a royal 

Many and scathing had been Creevey's utterances 
and the expressions in his correspondence in derision 
of monarchs and monarchical institutions ; but time 
and the sweets of office had done much to mitigate 
the democratic ardour of the former " Man of the 
Mountain." The crowning touch to his reconciliation 
with the Head of the Constitution as it was, was put 
by the hand of King William himself. 

" Brooks's, August Qth. 

" My dinner yesterday with my beloved Sovereign 
was everything I could wish, and more, indeed, than 
I had a right to expect. Jemmy Kempt, according tp 
my request, sent his carriage for me after it had set 
him down at the Palace. My only very little doubt 
was whether I should not have gone in shorts and 
silk stockings instead of trowsers ; and if I had, I 
should have been the only man in shorts in the room ; 
so that, you know, was very well. 

* The Duke of Wellington disgusted his Tory followers by speak- 
ing and voting for the second reading of the Government's Bill for 
regulating the Protestant Church of Ireland. 



/^ / L // / 

~J (tdu ^Sl0U 

1832-33-] KING WILLIAM'S LEVEE. 259 

" Well, after our being all assembled near half an 
hour, the doors were flung open, and in entered Billy, 
accompanied by his household ; and, having advanced 
singly into the middle of the room, the company 
formed a great circle around him. As I was not very 
anxious to attract his attention after all my sins 
against him,* I placed myself in the 2nd row of the 
circle. The first thing he did was to call Sir James 
Kempt f to him as his bottle-holder for the occasion. 
I then heard him say to him : * There are two officers 
in the room who have never been presented to me ' 
(then mentioning their names which I did not hear), 
'bring them here to me.' So accordingly the two 
officers were conducted into the centre of the circle, 
dropt upon their marrow-bones, and kissed hands. 

" Our beloved then said something else to Kempt 
which I could not hear ; but the General immediately 
looked about with all his eyes for his man ; and I am 
sure you will all partake of Mummy's J surprise when 
Kempt, having discovered me, said: 'Creevey, the 
King wishes to speak to you ;' and I was conducted 
likewise into the middle of the circle. Then the King, 
in the prettiest manner, said : ' Mr. Creeyey, how 
d'ye do? I hope you are quite well. It is a long 
time since I had the pleasure of seeing you. Where 
do you reside, Mr. Creevey ? ' Now, would you 
believe it? this was the only thing of the kind that 
took place. After this he went a little round the 
circle, talking to officers. I heard him ask General 
Bingham where he had lost his arm, and such kind of 

" My Scotch master, Jemmy, was so touched with 
the King's civility to myself that he came afterwards 
to me and said : ' Upon my soul, Creevey, after the 
King's gracious behaviour to you to-day, you must 
come to the next levee ; for you never do go, and he 

* Creevey, as a Radical member, had not been accustomed to 
speak respectfully of the Duke of Clarence, and had voted steadily 
against- the royal grants. 

t General the Right Hon. Sir James Kempt [1764-1854], com- 
manded the 8th Brigade at Waterloo. 

t One of Creevey's pet names in his family. 

Speaker Abercromby. 


has often asked me after you.' Can you solve this 
behaviour to me? Was it a reproach for never doing 
my duty in waiting on my Sovereign ? or does he 
think I have any scruples at coming near him after 
my behaviour to him and his brothers, and that he 
wishes to remove them ? At all events, I consider it 
as most curious, and as long as my Royal Master lives, 
and I live to wear my present uniform coat, he shall 
never have to say that I absent myself from his levee, 
whether in or out of office. . . . I had a most agreeable 
dinner. To be sure, the King's speeches, and the 
length of each, were beyond ; but he is so totally 
unlike what we remember him not a single joke or 
attempt at any merriment as grave as a judge in 
everything he does, and as if he took a sincere interest 
in all he was saying in short, he made himself a real 
pet of mine. . . . When I told Brougham, whom I sat 
next at Althorp's at dinner on Saturday, of the King's 
speech to me, he said it was the image of him as the 
best-natured and kindest-hearted man in the world, 
and that it was clearly meant to show me that he had 
no resentment or recollection, even, of any former 
personal hostilities from me, and that I had no occasion 
to avoid him. What the opinion of so sincere a creature 
as B. is worth is one thing; but I really think one 
can't find out another meaning for Billy's conduct. If 
it is the real one, never was a Sovereign so kind and 

"The Earl [of Sefton] called and took me to the 
levee yesterday in his fat London coach, sitting with 
his back to the horses, and giving Mr. Treasurer the 
post of honor, and so home again to Mrs. Durham's * 
great delight. My Sovereign only said : ' How d'ye 
do, Mr. Creevey ? 'I did not expect more. It was a 
very slender levee, but I had an agreeable playfellow 
in Lord Grosyenor, ci-devant Belgrave,t and Lord Grey 
came to me just after I had passed the King, saying 
in his prettiest manner : ' Creevey, I have not seen 
you for an age ! ' ' 

* Creevey's landlady. 

t Afterwards 2nd Marquess of Westminster. 

( 261 ) 


Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Stoke, August igth, 1833. 

" Brougham, Plunket, Chas. Greville and Sefton 
have gone to town, and I am to entertain Lord John 
Russell who stays to dinner to-morrow. I am just 
going to ride with him and the ladies ; and, by Sefton's 
desire, to write my name at the Castle [Windsor]. 
Next Wednesday is the King's birthday, when there 
is a great dinner there. The Seftons have got their 
invitation ; so we shall see if I am equally successful 
in my meanness. Don't you think I am become too 
great a toady of Royalty ? " 

"Tower, 3ist. 

"... I am reading the newly published corre- 
spondence between Horace Walpple and Sir Horace 
Mann, his earliest friend and Minister at Florence. 
Considering who the writer was, and his position, the 
book can't fail of being interesting very but he is a 
trifling chap after all. ..." 

Lady Louisa Molyneux to Mr. Creevey. 

" Stoke, Sept. 3, 1833. 

". . . We do not hear much of cholera in this neigh- 
bourhood, but all the sherry in the cellar is drunk, 
and Reeves has been obliged to ask for a fresh supply; 
he cannot get people to drink his French wines, entirely 
from fear of cholera. . 


Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Stoke, Sept. 5th. 

". . . I have for the first time boarded an omnibus, 
and it is really charming. I quite long to go back in 
one to Piccadilly. . . . Monday brought all Europe 
under our humble roof at Stoke at least the great 
powers of it by their representatives. There was 
England well represented by Earl Grey, with my 
lady, Ly. Georgianaand Charles; France by Talleyrand 
and the Dino; Russia by the Prince and Princess 
Lieven; Austria by Esterhazy, with the addition of 
Weissenberg, the Austrian delegate to the Conference ; 
and Prussia by Bulow. But the female Lieven and 
the Dino were the people for sport. They are both 
professional talkers artists quite, in that department, 
and the Dino jealous to a degree of the other. We had 
them both quite at their ease, and perpetually at work 
with each other ; but the Lieven for my money ! She 
has more dignity and the other more grimace. . . . 
The Greys had just come from Windsor Castle. Lady 
Grey, in her own distressed manner, said she was really 
more dead than alive. She said all the boring she 
had ever endured before was literally nothing com- 
pared with her misery of the two preceding nights. 
She hoped she never should see a mahogany table 
again, she was so tired with the one that the Queen 
and the King, the Duchess of Gloucester, Princess 
Augusta, Madame Lieven and herself had sat round 
for hours the Queen knitting or netting a purse the 
King sleeping, and occasionally waking for the pur- 
pose of saying: ' Exactly so, ma'am!' and then sleep- 
ing again. The Queen was cold as ice to Lady Grey, 
till the moment she came away, when she could afford 
to be a little civil at getting quit of her. . . . 

" We asked Lord Grey how he had passed his 
evening : ' I played at whist,' said he, ' and what is 
more, I won 2, which I never did before. Then I 
had very good fun at Sir Henry Halford's expense. 
You know he is the damnedest conceited fellow in the 
world, and prides himself above all upon his scholar- 
ship upon being what you call an elegant scholar; 
so he would repeat to me a very long train of Greek 

1 833-] THE COURT AT WINDSOR. 263 

verses ; and, not content with that, he would give me 
a translation of them into Latin verses by himself. 
So when he had done, I said that, as to the first, my 
Greek was too far gone for me to form a judgment of 
them, but according to my own notion the Latin verses 
were very good. " But," said I, " there is a much 
better judge than myself to appeal to," pointing to 
Goodall, the Provost of Eton. "Let us call him in." 
So we did, and the puppy repeated his own pro- 
duction with more conceit than ever, till he reached 
the last line, when the old pedagogue reel'd back as if 
he had been shot, exclaiming: "That word is long, 
and you have made it short!" Halford turned abso- 
lutely scarlet at this detection of his false quantity. 
" You ought to be whipped, Sir Henry," said Goodall, 
"you ought to be whipped for such a mistake."' . . . 
At dinner Lady Grey sat between Talleyrand and 
Esterhazy. I, at some little distance, commanded a 
full view of her face, and was sure of her thoughts ; 
for, as you know, she hates Talleyrand, and he was 
making the cursedest nasty noises in his throat." 

Lady Louisa Molyneux to Mr. Creevey [in Ireland]. 

" Stoke, Oct. 3oth. 

". . . There never was such weather; we are sit- 
ting with open windows, blinds down, and old Lady 
Salisbury is reading put of doors as if it was the 
middle of July. She is more youthful than ever, and 
leaves us to-morrow to be at the Berkhampstead ball, 
which she attends annually. She had better go to 
Portugal and assist Miguel, for she makes a better 
fight for him than any of his adherents. . . . Poor 
Alava writes in great uneasiness about his patrie y but 
does not forget to finish his letter with mille choses 
a toute la farnille et a Creevey. . . . Olivia de Ros's 
marriage * was a grand ceremony, the chapel t hung 
with crimson velvet, the bride dressed by the Queen, 
the parish register signed by the King, the Queen and 
Duke of Wellington ; quantities of royal presents, &c. 

* To the Hon. Henry Wellesley, who succeeded his father as 
Lord Cowley, and was created Earl Cowlev. 
t St. George's, Windsor. 


. . . The Stanleys have been here for a day. He* 
made himself tolerably agreeable, except in his ex- 
treme flippancy to Lord Melbourne." 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Besborough, Nov. 3rd. 

". . . I wish to record a point or two of political 
history not generally known. When Lord Grey 
determined upon beginning his administration by a 
reform in Parliament, he named Lord Durham, Lord 
John Russell, Lord Duncannon and Sir James Graham 
as the persons to prepare a bill for that purpose ; and 
they aid prepare the bill, of which Lord Grrey knew 
not one syllable till it was presented to him all ready, 
cut and dry. When he had read it, he shrugged up 
his shoulders, and gave it as his opinion that the King 
would never stand it. However, upon his taking it to 
Brighton the King showed no decided hostility to it ; 
and, as we know, Lord Greys measure of Reform was 
ultimately carried. It was towards the conclusion of 
the labors of this committee of four that Ld. Durham's 
anger became first excited. Lord Grey, to please the 
Duke of Richmond, added him to the four other com- 
mittee-men ; a step that in itself gave great umbrage 
to Durham. From that day forth, he and the Duke 
fought like cat and dog. The next thorn in Durham's 
side was Stanley. They were always opposed to 
each other upon Church matters ; and when the 
Church Bill of the latter was brought forward last 
session, Durham addressed to the Cabinet his stric- 
tures thereon (and very able and severe they were) 
accompanied by a complaint that he Durham had 
not been consulted. These the Cabinet forwarded to 
Stanley without observations (was there ever such 
child's play ?). Stanley was equally fierce in reply. . . . 
At a Cabinet dinner shortly after, this hitherto latent 
fire came to a blaze between these worthies. Poor 
Grey attempted at least to assuage it ; but, as he 
unfortunately rather leaned to Stanley, upon the 
ground of Durham never coming to the Cabinet, 
Durham fell upon him with all his fury, said that he 

* Afterwards i4th Earl of Derby [Prime Minister]. 


was the last of men that ought to have made that 
charge, knowing as he did that the cause of his 
absence was devotion to his dying child, and then 
went on to say that Grey had actually been the cause 
of the boy's death. . . . Poor Althorp put his head 
between his hands and never took them away for 
half an hour. It was this frightful scene that pro- 
duced the resignation of Durham, tho' he had been 
long brooding over it. 

" Let me give you another specimen of the manner 
in which our great men govern us. Lord Anglesey 
said to Duncannon at Dublin : ' Mr. Stanley and I 
do very well together as companions, but we differ 
so totally about Ireland that I never mention the subject 
to him!'* Anglesey then showed Duncannon a 
written statement of his -views respecting Ireland, 
which he said he had sent to Lord Grey. Duncannon 
says nothing could be better, and he asked him why 
he had not addressed it to the Cabinet ' Oh,' said 
Lord Anglesey, ' I consider myself as owing my 
appointment exclusively to Lord Grey, and don't 
wish to communicate with any one else.' When 
Duncannon talked to Grey on the same subject, Ld. 
G. said he was apprehensive of offending Stanley 
by laying these opinions of Anglesey's before him. 
Now which do you think of all these gentlemen 
deserves the severest flogging. Duncannon says that 
both Grey and Althorp entirely agree with him in 
opposition to Stanley about Irish matters, and that 
both one and the other avoid touching upon the 
subject to Stanley, least they should offend him. 

"One more point of private political history. 
Brougham has again and again in my presence taken 
merit to himself for his firmness in insisting upon 
the dissolution of Parliament when the Government 
was beat upon Gascoigne's motion in 1831. t The 
facts of that case are as follows. On the day after 
that division, Duncannon dined at Durham's with 

* Lord Anglesey was for the second time Lord Lieutenant ( 1 830-33), 
and Stanley was Secretary for Ireland under the Home Office. 

t When Ministers were left in a minority of 22 on General Gas- 
coyne's motion against reducing the number of members for England 
and Wales. 


Lord Grey and others. Durham was furious for dis- 
solution; Grey and the others became of the same 
opinion, and that it must take place the very next 
day. Grey sent a messenger out of hand to Windsor, 
begging the King to be in town next day at eleven. 
He then sat down to write the King's speech for the 
occasion, and begg'd Duncannon to get a coach, 
and to go and bring the Clerk of the Council and 
Brougham there directly. When Duncannon arrived 
at Brougham's house, the servant said my lord was 
going to bed and could not be seen. However, as 
you may suppose, Duncannon forced his way up ; 
but Brougham, when informed of what was passing, 
said he would be no party to the proceeding that 
he entirely disapproved of it, and should go to bed 
directly, adding that he had never been consulted. How- 
ever, I need not say that he went, and that he made 
up for the affront of never being consulted by giving 
out that it was his own act and deed." 

" Bury St., Saturday, Nov. i6th. 

" I am only just this instant (5 o'clock) arrived 
in the same cloathes in which I wrote to you from 
Dublin on Thursday. Barry, my dear, if any sensible, 
well-informed man shall ever tell you that a new 
channel is discovered from the Irish Sea to the 
Mersey, thro' which Irish steamboats of all dimen- 
sions may always pass, let the state of the tide be 
what it will tell such a philosopher that he lies, and 
that the truth is not in him ; for, having had the most 
charming and successful and swiftest passage of the 
season up to 4 o'clock yesterday morning, so as to 
expect to be in by 5, it was discovered there was not 
water enough for us to proceed. We were shifted 
at that pleasant hour into another steamer drawing 
less water, and even for this we soon found there 
was not enough, and so had to undergo the agreeable 
ceremony of lying at anchor for upwards of 3 hours, 
and did not reach Liverpool till J past 9, too late for 
the early coaches." 

" 1 9th. 

" Amongst the many instances one has known of 
London gossip, jaw and gullibility, my Irish fame is 


no bad specimen. When I went to Whitehall on 
Saturday, poor Mrs. Taylor began: 'And so, Mr. 
Creevey, there is no living in the Castle at Dublin 
without you ; so, I assure you, General Ellice writes 
to every one.' When I saw Sefton the same night 
he said : ' Grey has a letter from Wellesley * in 
which he says you are the most agreeable fellow he 
has seen for ages, and that your visit to them has 
been most valuable.' Col. Shaw, a belonging of 
Wellesley's in India of 30 years' standing, whom I 
saw for the first time in Dublin, writes word that 
'Mr. Creevey by agreeableness has greatly con- 
tributed to Ld. Wellesley's happiness, and to his 
years / ' . . . A note from Lady urey yesterday says : 
'Pray, pray! dear Mr. Creevey, dine here on 
Friday.' In the course of the morning Esterhazy 
came after me to dine with him yesterday, and Kempt 
has been here this morning to invite me for Thurs- 
day. Sefton had a letter from Brougham and Vaux 
from Brighton, begging him to secure Creevey for 
dinner to-day." 

" Tower, Nov. 23. 

"... I never was so much struck with the agree- 
ableness of Lord Holland. I don't suppose there is 
any Englishman living who covers so much ground 
as he does biographical, historical and anecdotical. 
I had heard from him before of the volumes upon 
volumes he still has in his possession of Horace 
Walpole's, entrusted to him by Lord Waldegrave, 
which Lord Holland advises the latter never to allow 
to be published, from the abusive nature of them ; but 
I was happy to hear him add that there was no say- 
ing what circumstances might induce a man to do ; so 
it is quite clear that, with Lord Waldegrave's wonted 
[illegible], the abuse will some day see the light. I 
never knew before that Horace was not the son of 
Sir Robert Walpole, but of a Lord Hervey, and that 
Sir Robert knew it and shewed that he did. 

" My lady [Holland] was very complaining, and 
eating like a horse. Lord Holland quite well, and 
yet his legs quite gone, and for ever carried in 

* Lord Wellesley had succeeded Lord Anglesey as Lord 


and out of the carriage; and up and down stairs, and 
wheeled about the house. . . . You mentioned seeing 
Berkeley Molyneux * and his Pop. The other day, his 
sisters told me that when he was at Croxteth lately 
on a visit to Mull,t old Heywood took him into a 
corner of the room and put 500 into his hand, and 
I have no doubt will leave him a handsome fortune. 
He was always his favorite, and he must have a 
fellow feeling for him, for he himself adopted a 
London Pop imported into Liverpool by an old 
fellow I well remember, and when he died old Arthur 
took her and was married to her many years before 
her death. As she was a remarkably good kind of 
woman, he may perhaps think that Berkeley's tit may 
be the same." 

" Brooks's, Nov. 24th. 

". . . Yesterday at the Hollands we had Lord Grey 
and Lord J. Russell, Charles Fox and Lady Mary, 
Henry and his little bride,t Sidney Smith, John 
Ponsonby (Duncannon's eldest son) and Ellice the 
elder. Lady Holland introduced me to Henry's wife 
in a very pretty manner as one of Henry's oldest and 
kindest friends. The said Lady Augusta I consider 
as decidedly under three feet in height the very 
nicest little doll or plaything I ever saw. She is a 
most lively little thing apparently, very pretty, and I 
dare say up to anything, as all Coventrys are, or at 
least have been. ... I can scarcely believe the story of 
Lady Jersey and Palmerston, tho' it was very current 
that, when Lady Cowper went abroad, Palmerston 
transferred his allegiance to Lady Jersey." H 

Earl of Sefton to Mr. Creevey. 

" Croxteth, Nov. 26th. 


" Pray write everything you hear. What do 
you think of the rumours of changes ? Somehow or 

* Second son of the 2nd Earl of Sefton. 
f Lord Molyneux, his elder brother. 

t Henry Fox, afterwards 4th Lord Holland, married in 1833 Lady 
Mary Augusta, daughter of the 8th Earl of Coventry. 
Afterwards 5th Earl of Bessborough. 
^ Lord Palmerston married the Countess Cowper in 1839. 

1833-] GOSSIP. 269 

another I feel that things are not quite right and that 
Grey's long absence was injurious. He certainly 
seemed rather bitter about Palmerston's intimacy 
with Ly. J[ersey], and I think with reason. Thank 
God she is gone, and that she was reduced to take 
[Sir Robert] Wilson as an escort. . . . Stanley has 
had several fainting fits, but is much better. They 
say it is stomach. If anything was to happen to 
him, what would become of us in the H. of C. ?" 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 


". . . I dined at Essex's again yesterday company, 
Spring Rice, Chas. Grant, Sydney Smith, another and 
myself. Sydney thanked me in the name of mankind 
for the successful resistance I had made to Old 
Madagascar* at dinner on Sunday. He said he had 
never seen Ld. Grey laugh more heartily in his life, 
and then he told the whole story to Essex and Co." 

" Dec. ;th. 

"At Essex's yesterday we had Lord Grey, Mel- 
bourne and Palmerston ; and of the minor poets 
Spring Rice, Poulet Thomson, Luttrell and myself. 
Althorp was prevented coming by the gout. . . . Ld. 
Grey seems to have changed his opinion all at once 
about Talleyrand and the Dino. He said he had no 
doubt they were both against him and in favor of 
Wellington, which is the entire reverse of the opinion 
I had heard him uniformly express on the same 

Earl of Sefton to Mr Creevey. 

" Croxteth, Dec. I4th. 

". . . What you say about Ld. Grey's change of 
tone towards Talleyrand is quite intelligible to me. 
I trace it entirely to Lady Keith, who has great 
influence over the whole Grey family, and is in con- 
stant correspondence with them. She is in great 
habits of intimacy with the D. of Orleans has the ear 

* Lady Holland. 


of the Court, and hates Talleyrand. Her object is to 
get him recalled, and to replace him by her husband 
[illegible]. She thinks making him and Ld. Grey ill 
together would drive Talleyrand to resign. I can tell 
you, in corroboration of this, that Monsr. de Bacourt 
told me that nothing wd. contribute more to decide 
T. to return here than Ld. Grey's shewing a decided 
anxiety for it, and at his suggestion I got G. to write 
a most kind and pressing letter to T., representing the 
importance he attached to his coming back, both with 
a view to keeping up the friendship between the two 
countries, and to the settlement of the Dutch business. 
. . . Ly. jersey is now living in great intimacy with 
Louis rhilippe and the D. of Orleans, so if these two * 
don't do mischief, it will not be for want of pains." 


"... I must just give you an extract from a letter 
of Mme. de Dino's this moment arrived: 'Sans une 
tres excellente lettre de Ld. Grey, je ne crois pas que 
M. de Talleyrand se serait decide a retourner dans 
votre chere Angleterre.' She has no idea that I was 
the cause of that letter, and never will. Bacourt will 
keep it to himself. The whole effect would be spoiled 
by their knowing it." 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Richmond, Dec. 24, 1833. 

" I dined at Essex's on Saturday. The feature of 
the day was Parks,} a Birmingham attorney of whom 
I had heard much, but had never seen before. He is, 
in truth, a very remarkable man in every respect. He 
is mix'd up with all classes Church, Chapels and 
State ; and as well, or better, calculated for utility than 
any man I know or have heard of. He is Secretary 
to the Corporation Commission, and all the beneficial 
results of that most judicious and successful measure 
are attributable to him. He has great influence in the 
Trade Unions ; he is a prime leader of the Dissenters. 

* Lady Jersey and Lady Keith. 

t Joseph Parkes [1796-1865], who acted as go-between with Whigs 
and Radicals ; an energetic organiser and demagogue. 

1833-] JOSEPH PARKES. 271 

It was a curious thing to hear a provincial attorney 
observe that the Liturgy of the Church had not been 
altered for 200 years, and that he was perfectly con- 
vinced that a very slight alteration in it would let in 
all the leading Dissenting establishments. He is most 
decidedly for this union. ... I did nothing but fire 
into Lord Grey all dinner-time on Sunday about this 
said Parks; and, to say the truth, I found the soil 
quite ready for a strong impression. He said that, 
from all he had heard of him, he had formed a great 
opinion of him, with a strong desire to see him ; and 
then he got on to say that he would know him ; upon 
which our dear Lady Grey, in a tone and manner quite 
her own, said : ' I hope there is no Mrs. Parks ! ' Is 
it not the image of her ? 

". . . We expect to hear to-day of James Brougham's 
death. There is much speculation abroad whether the 
event will drive the Chancellor mad. It is quite true 
that his brother's influence over him was as unbounded 
as it was miraculous, for no one ever discovered the 
slightest particle of talent in James of any kind. That 
he was his secret instrument, ispy or anything else 
upon every occasion, I am quite sure." 

Earl of Sefton to Mr. Creevey. 

"Croxteth, Dec. 3oth, 1833. 

" I cannot resist sending you another extract from 
a letter from Me. de Dino received yesterday. I par- 
ticularly wished to know if she had seen the Flahauts 
at Paris. Now you must know that nothing could 
exceed Talleyrand's kindness to Flahaut all his life. 
He has been his patron and protector in short, a 
father to him.* Thus she writes : ' Je n'ai rien vu du 
tout des Flahaut. Le mari n'a pas meme mis une 
carte chez M. de T. II les a recontre aux Tuileries, 
ou Monsr. de Flahaut n'a pas meme salue. Cela a fait 
dire un tres joli mot a Monsr. de Talleyrand, a qui on 
demandait 1'explication de 1'impolitesse de Monsr. de 
Flahaut. " C'est que je 1'ai apparemment mal eleve ! " 
Nothing could be neater." 

* People said he was literally his father. 



CREEVEY was no longer in Parliament, but he had a 
heartwhole devotion to Lord Grey, whose fortunes he 
followed with intense solicitude and pride. Fierce, 
then, was his wrath against those who brought about 
his retirement, especially against Brougham, for whom 
he could find no more fitting sobriquet than " Beel- 
zebub." Retrenchment was marching hand in hand 
with Reform, and among the doomed offices was 
Creevey's comfortable department of Treasurer of the 
Ordnance. It is amusing to find him who had so 
vehemently clamoured in Opposition for the sup- 
pression of patent places, now denouncing as vehe- 
mently the action of the Commission then sitting 
for carrying out that very policy. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Brooks's, Feb. I2th. 

" I dined at the Hollands on Saturday, where I 
suppose the party was meant to be wits and men of 
letters, with the exception of Essex, who is neither. 
Rogers and sister, Tommy Moore, Luttrell, Hallam 
the historian and Creevey the pamphleteer. When 
Lord Holland was wheeled in after dinner, he was 
lodged on my right side, and was as agreeable as ever 
he could be. I have been quite surprised of late at 
the endless variety of his conversational matter." 


" Feby. 

" I was walking through St. James's Park to-day 
and seeing Lord John Russell mounting his horse at 
the Paymaster's door, I went up merely to have a 
word with him about Graham's ridiculous conduct in 
the House last night* He put out his hand saying : 
' Ah ! Treasurer, how d'ye do ? ' to which I replied : 
' Ah ! Treasurer for how long ? ' He laughed and said 
nothing. Now, as he never called me treasurer before, 
and he must know if the place is to live only a few 
weeks longer, he surely could not have addressed me 
in this way as a joke." 

" May 3rd. 

". . . Poor old Lady Greyt little thought what 
would become of her money. She left all she had to 
Lady Hannah,{ and she again left it to her son, the 
young Bear. He, being a very aspiring young man 
of fashion, has formed a connection with Duvernay 
the opera dancer, to whom he has paid 2000 down, 
and has contracted to pay her 800 a year ! The dear 
young creatures were seen going down in a chaise 
and four to Richmond. Capt. Gronow, the M.P. and 
duellist, negociated the affair for the young Bear 
with the dancer's parents." 

" May 7th. 

". . . I thought the Beau looked horridly at the 
levee; but his uniform of the Blues plays the devil 
with him. He should be always in red. You will see 
by your paper that there was a split last night in our 
Cabinet, between Stanley and Lord John Russell 
the latter, of course, declaring for more popular and 

* Sir James Graham, Mr. Stanley, Lord Ripon, and the Duke of 
Richmond had resigned office owing to disapproval of the Irish Church 

t Wife of the ist earl, died in 1822. 

J Her youngest daughter, married ist to Captain Bettesworth, R.N., 
2nd to the Right Hon. Edward Ellice, M.P. She died in 1832. 

Edward Ellice, afterwards of Invergarry and M.P., married in 
1834 Miss Katherine Balfour of Balbirnie, who died in 1864. In 1867 
he married the widow of Alexander Speirs of Elderslie, and died 
in 1880. 



healing measures towards Ireland. . . . Tavistock* 
told me he had long seen this split would come, but 
that he did not think the crisis was come for absolute 
separation between the different parties in the Cabinet, 
tho' he thought it must come if Stanley and others 
did not relax. I am for having Stanley severely 
whipped : it would do him a power of good. . . . 

" When I was at Sefton's to-day he said : ' I have 
a proposition to make to you, old fellow, which is that 
you dine here every day that you are not engaged 
elsewhere.' To which I was pleased to accede, and 
behaved very handsomely by declaring that I did not 
consider the contract as binding for any year after the 
present one, without a renewal on his part of the 


" Our Government was in the greatest danger all 
yesterday. John Russell's gratuitous opinion and 
declaration of secession in the House of Commons the 
night before, if the revenues arising from the Irish 
Tithes Bill were not left to the appropriation of 
Parliament, roused all the fire of those in the Cabinet 
who contend that such revenues are to be applied 
exclusively to ecclesiastical purposes. The indigna- 
tion of the latter party was the greater, because it was 
understood, and John Russell had particularly stipu- 
lated not to raise that question. Stanley actually 
resigned yesterday, and his bottle-holders are Pighead 
Richmond and Canting Graham. . . . However, at a 
Cabinet -meeting, Lord Grey having announced his 
fixed intention of retiring at once from publick life if 
the whole was not instantly made up, and old Wicked- 
shifts having made some very judicious threats of 
opposing and exposing with all his might any Govern- 
ment but the present one in its present formation, the 
thing was at last settled in peace and harmony, and 
nothing more is to be said about appropriation, till 
there is something to appropriate, which can't be for 
a year at least. . . . Grey told them that the conduct 
of the King had been so uniformly kind and gracious 

" * Afterwards 7th Duke of Bedford, eldest brother of Lord John 


to him, and Grey knew so well the difficulties he [the 
King] would have to encounter in forming a new 
Cabinet, that he thought it would be very dishonorable 
to desert him, if it could be avoided. . . . Brougham 
said to Sefton : ' I followed Grey, and I observed 
that I was very differently situated from my friend 
Lord Grey that, while he considered his political life 
as closing, I considered my own as only just beginning 
that I never felt younger or more vigorous that, 
from the moment the present Government was broken 
up, all my occupation and resources should be devoted 
to destroying any other one that there was nothing I 
would not undertake to accomplish that object that 
I would attend all political meetings out of Parliament, 
publick and private, and that from the present temper 
of the publick, which I well knew, I was as sure as I 
was of my existence that no Government but an ultra- 
Liberal one, both in Church and State affairs, would 
be endured for a week. ... Of course,' he continued, 
' you will see my object was to frighten the damned 
idiots Stanley and Co. from attempting by themselves, 
or be coalescing with Peel and Co., to set up a Church 
government; and I think I did so. 1 . . . Was there 
ever such a chap in the world as Wickedshifts ? Who 
do you think dined with him yesterday ? The Duke 
of Gloucester, and no other man !" 

"Stoke, 1 8th. 

"... I hope never again to assist at such a blue 
dinner as at Rogers's on Friday. Bobus Smith and 
old Sharpe * were really too not a moment's inter- 
missionnot even little John Russell could get in his 
little observations, much less his brother William, 
whom I would willingly have examined as to affairs 
in Portugal, where he has so long resided, and latterly 
as our ambassador. I never was so sick of learning 
as Bobus and the Hatter made me that day. . . . Our 
Earl and Countess [of Sefton] have left about an hour 
ago in a gig, on a visit to the Duke and Duchess or 
Bedford at Woburn, 38 miles off; having two horses 
stationed on the road besides the one they started 
with. Since they went, it has rained cats and dogs, 

* Richard Sharp [1759-1835], commonly known as " Conversation 


and they in a gig without a head ! This, as I say to 
Lady Louisa, is ennui in fine people tired of being at 
the top of the tree, and wanting to see what is at the 
bottom. How the servants must grin ! " 


". . . Since I last wrote, our Government has 
been in a state of dissolution, and altho' my mind was 
perfectly prepared to lose my Tower, and I should 
have borne the loss better than many a richer man, 
still it was not a very agreeable state of things to 
write about. Now, however, I believe I may say all 
danger for the present is over. Stanley, Graham and 
the Duke of Richmond have resigned to-day. The 
difficulty has been to make Lord Grey go on with the 
Government, and to a late hour last night I saw 
letters under his own hand saying nothing should 
induce him to do it ; but our Billy has forced him to 
go on, whether he will or no." 

" Brooks's, May 29th (King Charles's Restoration 
and Minister Charles's aussi}. 

11 1 dined yesterday at Stanley's, with Johnny 
Russell by his side, and it was all very well. . . . All 
the offices were to be filled to-day. Think of young 
Cole * Secretary of State for the Colonies ! Aber- 
cromby vice Stanley ! Oh dear, oh dear ! . . . I con- 
tinue to dine out daily according to custom. We had 
a great day on Sunday at ' dear Eddard's/ with our 
Chancellor in the character of lover to Mrs. Petre, 
tho' Lady Grey tells me this lover is dead-beat by 
Palmerston. Was there ever ? I dine with Fergy 
to-day to meet the Cokes and Abercromby, but not as 
Secretary of State for the Colonies, for all is settled, 
and no mention of young Cole. Auckland first Lord 
of the Admiralty!!! Was there ever? Spring Rice 
the Colonies ! Ld. Carlisle Privy Seal ; Mulgrave, it 
is probable, the Post Office, Ellice in the Cabinet 
with his present office. I am very glad of this last 
arrangement, because he is the most courageous 
bottle-holder Lord Grey could have. I dine to-morrow 

* The Right Hon. James Abercromby. 


at Sefton's with Brougham only ; next day at Praise- 
God Barebones Fitzwilliam's." 

" May soth. 

". . . Very agreeable party at Lady Lichfield's last 
night Duchess of Kent everything I could wish . . . 
and plenty of ' comrogues,' male and female. Well, 
tho' our places are all filled, there is no end of tan- 
trums. Durham is furious at not being in the 
Cabinet. He asked Lord Grey the cause of it, to 
which the latter only replied it was ' quite impossible.' 
Durham asked who it was that objected, but asked in 
vain ; the fact being that Brougham told Lord Grey 
he would not sit in the same Cabinet with Durham, 
and that Grey must make his choice between them. 
Brougham has been to the greatest degree indignant 
with Grey at his appointment of Auckland to the 
Admiralty, the more so as the appointment was made 
at the suit of Lansdowne. So, according to custom, 
the said Vaux has saluted Grey and Lansdowne with 
a literary philippic apiece. However, Sefton says he 
is dulcified since last night. All the old and new set 
were at Anson's last night, and Brougham said to 
me: ' Auckland's is a neat appointment, is it not ? ' 
twisting about his nose in its happiest forms. To be 
sure, my opinion would be that the hand of (death 
was on Lord Grey when he could place on his side in 
this Cabinet such a notorious and so useless a jobber 
as Auckland, at the dictation of such a perfect old 
woman as Lansdowne." 

" Bury St., June 2nd. 

". . . I dined at Fitzwilliam's * on Saturday with 
the ugliest and most dismal race I ever beheld, and yet 
there is a card from them for a party this day week, 
with ' Dancing ' in the corner. They cut the worst 
figure by contrast with the young Lady Milton,f who 
has the merriest and most sweet-tempered face I ever 

* The $th Earl Fitzwilliam, who, as Viscount Milton, had sat and 
acted with Creevey in the House of Commons. 

t Lady Selina Jenkinson, daughter of the 3rd Earl of Liverpool. 
Lord Milton died in 1835. His widow married in 1845 Mr. Savile 
Foljarnbe of Osbertpn, and died in 1883. 


beheld or nearly so. A Jenkinson, too, and they are 
not over lively. . . . You can form no notion of the 
obloquy that Auckland's appointment has brought 
upon the Government, or of the terms in which he 
himself is talked of. ... I was called out of Brooks's 
yesterday by Wm. Brandling, who said there was an 
acquaintance of mine round the corner, who would be 

flad to see me ; and who should it be but the sweet 
anny, looking much more beautiful than ever. We 
had a long walk, and I was quite enchanted with her. 
I dare say her gown had not cost a pound, but in 
looks altogether she beat all London. . . ." 


". . . Well, here is Ld. Carlisle Privy Seal after all, 
but only as a makeshift, he himself having the greatest 
possible objection to it. When Sefton told me that 
either Radnor or Dacre was to have it, and asked me 
what I thought of the appointment, I said that, as 
far as I was concerned, I would not trust either of 
them with half a crown ; not from any distrust of 
their honesty, but from their being a couple of wrong- 
headed fellows you could never be safe with. Wit- 
ness, in Radnor's case, the mess he got into with 
Mrs. Clarke, and his letters to her in the Duke of 
York's case. His having identified himself to the 
extent he has done with Cobbett, and his childish 
consultation with me about bringing him into Par- 
liament, &c., &c. Then Dacre is a conceited prig a 
generalising, soi-disant German philosopher. Do 
you remember Mrs. Sheridan asking me how he 
spoke, and how Sheridan enjoyed it when I said 
'like a Druid from the top of Snowdon.' Radnor 
would give a more Radical character to the Govern- 
ment, and Dacre a Presbyterian one, having a very 
strong personal resemblance to that community. 
. . . Well; the Government having elected Radnor 
of the two as their Privy Seal, with much importunity 
from Brougham, on Wednesday night he accepted ; 
but yesterday morning brought his stipulation, with- 
out which being acceded to he was off ' an equitable 
adjustment, the duration of Parliament shortened, and 
the repeal of the Corn Laws!' What a modest 


estimate a man must have of his own importance to 
prescribe such conditions ! Of course the Govern- 
ment had done with him out of hand, and there was 
not time to sound Dacre before the levee ; but Lord 
Grey told Sefton he was going to offer it to him last 
night. Lord Grey was full of his miseries to Sefton 
said he had no sleep at night, that he was harass'd to 
death, and was quite aware he shd. die if not shortly 
relieved of the labours and anxieties of office. Of this 
I feel quite sure, that, this season over, he will never 
meet another as Prime Minister. . . . He will go out, 
when he does go, covered with glory, and I see no 
chance of his equal being found in the present circle 
of mankind."* 

" ;th. 

". . . Dacre, instead of being Privy Seal, had a 
stroke of apoplexy last night, and fell down. . . ." 


". . . We had all the corps diplomatique last night 
in Downing Street. The Dino and the Lievens are 
gone to Oxford to-day to take their degrees. Wel- 
lington f communicated to old Talleyrand that the 
University would not stand htm, and advised him to 
keep away. What a blow upon Talley to be rejected 
by the Monks!" 

" 1 3th. 

". . . Your nephew, young William Ord, dares not 
vacate his seat as M.P. for a seat at the Treasury 
Board. The young gambler Byng is to have it. Ld. 
Conyingham Post Master! Abercromby has the 
Mint, without a salary, and a seat in the Cabinet. 
What accessions to the Government ! " 

" 2 3 rd. 

". . . As I arrived first to dinner at Paul 
Methuen's,J and Brougham arrived second, I had him 

* Creevey's forecast was fulfilled by Lord Grey's resignation in 
July following. 

t As Chancellor of the University, 
i Created Lord Methuen in 1838. 


out on a balcony to myself in no time. I stated 
William Roscoe's case as one that he was actually 
bound to attend to that he professed to be the patron 
of literary merit that Roscoe's father's fame in that 
department was unrivalled [? unquestioned] that, 
moreover, he was his friend, and had boasted to me 
of corresponding with him to his dying day that he 
[Roscoe] had been his principal supporter in our 
Liverpool contest, and in short that, after a most 
meritorious life, he had been reduced by misfortune 
to nearly beggary. Brougham admitted all this, but 
said he had nothing to give worth Wm. Roscoe's 
acceptance. In a short time afterwards he took me 
out on the balcony again, and said : ' I have been 
thinking Wm. Roscoe's case over, and I have a place 
that would suit him. They will have it that I must 
have an Accountant-General for my new Bankruptcy 
Court, and Wm. Roscoe shall have it. It will be 
;i2OO a year for life.' Now was there ever? I take 
it for granted he will jib and fling over both William 
and myself; mais nous verrons ! It will be curious to 
see what invention he will resort to in order to defeat 
this gratuitous offer. 

" We had a most jolly day and very good company. 
Mrs. Methuen is a sister of Ly. Radnor, and a great 
improvement upon her I don't mean in morals; I 
know nothing upon that subject, except that the 
parent female stock, who was there in the evening, 
has been somewhat slippery in her day." 

" Bury St., July sth. 

"... I am full of the impression left upon me by 
the sight of that unrivall'd library left by Pepys to 
Magdalene College [Cambridge]. I believe the 
exquisite charms that are to be found in it are, to this 
day, almost unknown to the world. You remember 
Pepys's memoirs (published by Ld. Braybrooke, who 
is Hereditary Visitor and appoints the Master of this 
college), the manuscript of which I had in my hand ; 
but these are almost trash compared to other contents 
of this library. There are 5 folio volumes of prints, 
almost from the origin of printing, being the portraits 
of every royal or public man, woman or child down 

1 834.] CREEVEY'S NEW POST. 281 

to Pepys's own time. I could scarce tear myself away 
from them, and .even these are nothing compared to 
all the other curiosities. . . . Well, you see a new 
quarter has begun,* and our Government is still in, 
and I believe quite safe now until Parliament meets 
again, notwithstanding the spiteful speech of Stanley 
last night. All reasonable men think it most dis- 
graceful of him." 

" July 8th. 

" It is my constant practice to spend two pence a 
day in the hire of a chair, or rather two chairs, one on 
each side of the water in the new and beautiful en- 
closure in St. James's Park. So when the enclosed 
note came after me to-day, with the name ' Grey ' in 
the corner and ' Immediate ' on the top, Mrs. Durham, 
who knows all my ways, immediately despatched 
Durham to ransack the said enclosure, and he found 
me as nearly asleep as possible, on the side nearest to 
Downing Street. So there I went ; and Lord Grey, 
in the prettiest manner, told me that Lord Auckland's 
place in Greenwich was vacant, and asked me if it 
would be agreeable to me to have it. He said it was 
not nearly as good as my present place, and that I 
should have some work, as I had to take care of the 
Northumberland estates, &c.f He said he had been 
very desirous that I should have the house, as it was 
a very nice one, with a very nice garden, &c., but that 
Tierney had a right to it in his turn as Commissioner. 
... As to the income, it is quite sure to be enough 
for me, and the respectability of the office, and the 
way in which it is given me by Lord Grey's own 
unsolicited good will, gives the most agreeable finish- 
ing touch to my political life. . . . Sefton is to find 
out from Auckland in the Lords to-night the real 
value of the office, and I shall know it at the opera. 

" I never saw Lord Grey apparently more op- 
pressed with care than he was this morning. He said 
he had meant for some time past to offer me this 
office ; but that things were now looking so distracted, 
there was no answering for the continuance of the 

* Creevey means that his quarter's salary is safe. 

t The estates of Greenwich Hospital in Northumberland. 


Government, and on that account he was for haying 
my appointment done out of hand. He complained 
bitterly of Stanley and Graham, as well he might. It 
seems these two wretches left the House last night, 
rather than vote against O'Connell." 


" ' Ah, thoughtless mortals ! ever blind to fate/ 
' don't count your chickens before they are hatch'd '- 
various are the accidents between the cup and the lip. 
And now, if you wAnt an illustration of the wisdom 
of all these admonitions, read the enclosed note from 
Grey which I received about 12 o'clock to-day. . . . 
It now turns out that Althorp sent in his resignation 
to Lord Grey yesterday morning ; and Lord Grey, in 
forwarding it immediately to the King at Windsor, 
accompanied it with his own resignation ; so that he 
was actually out when I had my conversation with him 

Sssterday. A messenger from Windsor arrived in 
owning Street between nine and ten last night with 
the acceptance of the resignations of Lord Grey and 
Althorp ; and either the same messenger or another 
this morning brought a letter from the King to Lord 
Melbourne, begging to see him before the levee 
to-day. . . . Grey and Althorp being out, I defy 
Melbourne or Brougham, or all the Whigs united, to 
patch up any more Whig Governments. ... I have 
not felt any depression yet, and I dare say I never 
shall ; tho' I admit it is very tantalising to have been 
so near a post, and then to be stranded after all. . . ." 

" 6.30 p.m. 

" Althorp has been stating in the House of 
Commons that the Cabinet being divided on the 
Coercion Bill was the cause of its being broken up. 
Neat articles they must be to bring in a Bill they were 
not agreed about ! " 

" loth. 

". . . Our poor Earl Grey was so deeply affected 
last night as not to be able to utter for some time, 
and was obliged to sit down to collect himself. 
When he did get under weigh, however, he almost 


affected others as much as he had been affected him- 
self. All agree that it was the most beautiful speech 
ever delivered by man. Clunch,* too, in the other 
House, distinguished himself greatly for his native 
simplicity and integrity. ... I hope you see Wicked- 
Shifts's f declaration that he has not resigned, and 
never will. He has not seen the King, I mean to 
have an audience with him, but he favored him with 
one of his letters yesterday. . . . The salary at Green- 
wich is 600 a year, with coals, candles, &c." 

The hitch in Creevey's appointment to Greenwich 
arose from Lord Auckland's unwillingness to resign. 
This was got over by Brougham, who forced Auck- 
land's hand, thereby clearing the road for Lord Grey's 
old friend. 

11 1 2th August. 

"... I asked Sefton just now how Lord Grey was 
last night whether he was in the same depressed 
state of mind he had been in the two or three preced- 
ing days. ' Why,' said Sefton, ' I'll tell you a story of 
him last night, and you may judge. He was talking of 
Taglioni, and, after going over all the dancers of his 
own time by name, and swearing that not one of them 
came within a hundred miles of her, he concluded by 
saying in the most animated strain : " What would I 
give to dance as well as her ! " This sudden ebullition 
of ambition, in so new a field for a fallen Minister of 
State, produced a very natural convulsion of laughter 
from the few persons present, and from no one more 
than Lady Grey, who, as soon as she recovered, said : 
" This passion in Lord Grey is not new to me, for 
I well remember that, on the only day he ever was 
tipsy in my presence, when he returned from dining 
with the Prince of Wales, nothing would serve him 
but dressing himself in a red turban and trying to 
dance like Paripol ! " ' . . . 

" Melbourne and our William are going on corre- 
sponding about a Government, and he is to go down 

* Lord Althorp. t Lord Brougham. 


to the King at Windsor to-morrow at two. . . . The 
King's first proposal to Melbourne was to make a com- 
prehensive administration, and he named the Duke 
of Wellington, Peel and Stanley as necessary parties 
to such a Government. Melbourne wrote his reasons 
at length and in detail why he thought it quite im- 
possible that such a mixture with the late Govern- 
ment could ever take place. He communicated, 
however, the King's proposal to the Duke, Peel and 
Stanley, accompanying each with his own letter. 
Stanley, in his answer, adopts every one of Mel- 
bourne's arguments against such a coalition, pro- 
fesses his unqualified adherence to Lord Grey and 
his principles, and avows his fixed determination 
never to make a part of a Tory Government. The 
Beau and Peel, in their answers, merely state they 
have received Melbourne's letter, and that they don t 
feel themselves commanded by the King to say more. 
Melbourne has written to them again by the King's 
command to ask what they think of his proposal and 
what they mean to do, and the King begs them to 
send their answers thro' Lord Melbourne. This is 
treating the great men (that used to be) rather 
scurvily, I think. ... I dine at Althorp's to-day, and 
to-morrow at Lord Grey's." 

". . . Melbourne returned from Windsor to-day 
with carte blanche to form a Government. Thev haye 
been at work all morning trying to put the old ship 
afloat again, with some alteration in the crew. . . . 
Althorp certainly remains in." 


". . . Our poor Taylor is dead.* ... I had really 
a charming day at Holland House yesterday. Dear 
Lord Grey was one of the party, as amiable as ever 
he could be. Lady Holland followed me out when 
I came away to ask me to come again on Sunday 
next, which I promised to do. ... Melbourne has 

* The Right Hon. Michael Angelo Taylor, M.P., a gentleman of 
small stature and moderate sagacity, but greatly assisted to some 
distinction by&is clever and ambitious wife. 


been kissing hands at the levee to-day as Prime 
Minister, and he is succeeded in the Home Depart- 
ment by Duncannon, who goes up to the House of 
Lords. Duncannon is succeeded in the Woods and 
Forests by Hobhouse, with a seat in the Cabinet." 

". . . Besides Duncannon yesterday at Essex's, 
we had Rogers and Miss Rogers, Lord and Lady 
William Russell and another or two. I have never 
seen a woman that I hate so much as Lady William 
Russell,* without knowing her or ever having ex- 
changed a word with her. There is a pretension, 
presumption and a laying down the law about her 
that are quite insufferable. Then her base ingrati- 
tude to those who formerly fed and cloathed her 
Fanny Brandling, the Fawkes's and others sink her 
still lower in my hatred of her. . . ." 

" August 4th. 

"... I am all ashamed to say that I dined at 
Brougham's on Saturday, because I am as sure as I 
am of my existence that it was he who drove Lord 
Grey from the Government by his perfidious corre- 
spondence with Lord Wellesley respecting the Co- 
ercion Bill ; and moreover, I am equally certain that 
the driving Lord Grey from the Government has long 
been the object nearest Brougham's heart. How 
then can one dine at Brougham's one day with all 
the rubbish of Lord Grey's Government, with Beelze- 
bub himself in roaring spirits (his servants in silk 
stockings and waiting in gloves), and then dine at 
Lord Grey's yesterday, with him quite knocked down 
and poor Lady Grey actually speechless both feel- 
ing that he has been the victim of the basest perfidy ? 
Poor Lady Grey ! you must remember how often she 
told me at the formation of the Government, and with 
her uniform horror of Brougham, how completely she 
had got him in a cage by having him in the House 
of Lords. They were both quite sure he could do 

* She was a daughter of the Hon. John Rawdon (brother of the 
ist Marquess of Hastings), and died in 1874. 


no harm, tho' they well knew his dispositions. . . . 
Where do you think I dine to-day ? With our poet 
Rogers, to meet Anacreon Moore and that melodious 
dicky-bird Miss Stephens.* Can you imagine a 
greater contrast to the two preceding dinners? . . . 
Miss Stephens has realised 30,000 by her voice, and 
brought up and supported with it a very large family 
of her kindred. . . . Only think of the Beau's flirt, Mrs. 
Arbuthnot, being dead ! " 


". . . The dicky-bird failed me at Rogers's a cold 
in her pipe kept her at home ; so we had only Essex, 
his daughter, Mrs. Ford, Miss Rogers and Tommy 
Moore, of whose melodies I had rather more than 

"Stoke, nth. 

". . . Lord Grey and his family were at Windsor 
from Monday last till Wednesday, during which the 
King took him into his own room and had a conver- 
sation of two hours' duration with him, in the course 
of which he was pleased to say that he was actually 
miserable since he had lost his services, and he did 
not see how or when he was to be otherwise. He 
spoke of Ld. Melbourne as liking him, but that he 
had no position either at home or abroad to be com- 
pared with Lord Grey, and that as to the rest of the 
Government, they were nobody. When our Billy said 
Ld. Melbourne was nobody! at home or abroad, com- 
pared with Lord Grey, he touched the real thing, 
which these presumptuous puppies will feel before 
they are much older. Palmerston never signed a 
dispatch that had not been seen and altered by Lord 
Grey. Do you suppose he will ever submit to this 
from Melbourne ? or, if he did, what does Melbourne 
know of it ? . . . I wish Grey may let to-night pass 
without giving way to any vindictive feelings, which 
I learn from Sefton are gaining upon him hourly. 
Sefton dined at Talleyrand's on Friday with Grey ; 

* Catherine Stephens [1794-1882], vocalist and actress, whose 
marriage with Lord Essex took place a few weeks after Creevey's 
death in 1858. 


and by some mistake about the day, Brougham came 
in late to dinner ; but Lord Grey would not speak to 
him. Having taken leave of the Government in the 
generous way he did in the House of Lords, I can't 
bear his showing any subsequent resentment. . . . 
Brougham already chuckles to Sefton at the influence 
he has got over Melbourne, compared with what he 
had over Grey ; but our Earl [Sefton] is in a mighty 
combustible state upon these matters, and will, to all 
appearance, on some early day burst out upon Beelze- 
bub. He considers Grey as having been basely 
sacrificed by a low-lived crew, not worthy to wipe his 
shoes, and that the Arch-fiend Brougham has been all 
along the mover of this plot for his own base and 
ambitious, selfish purposes." 

The Countess Grey to Mr. Creevey. 

I "Howick,'i8thSept. 

"...! have a little changed my mind about this 
same Achitophel.* I begin to believe that he really 
did not at that time mean to turn Lord G. out. I 
believe so, because it was not essential to his interest 
to do so, not that I suspect him of any scruples. I 
am inclined to think his own version of it is true. He 
expected to bully Lord G. and to shorten the session. 
He afterwards got into a mess, and it cost him 
nothing to tell a thousand lies. . . . But enough of 
our triumphs and our feuds. Thank God ! as you 
say, Lord G.'s political life has ended gloriously. . . . 
We are now settled here for ever." 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Stoke Farm, 24th Sept. 

". . . Melbourne came here for dinner on Sunday, 
and was off early in the morning. . . . He told Sefton 
that his real belief was that Brougham never intended 
to force Ld. Grey out of the Government, and I beg 
your attention to Brougham's defence of himself, as 
made to the innocent Melbourne. ' It is true/ says 

* Lord Brougham. 


Brougham, 'that I did write to Lord Wellesley 
begging him to withdraw his support of those clauses 
in the Coercion Bill which have since been with- 
drawn : it is true that I made Littleton * write to the 
same effect, and my sole intention in this was to 
shorten the session, that I might have time to go to 
the Rhine ' (of course with Mrs. Petre !). Now, from 
the creation of the world, was there ever such a 
defence be it a lie or be it true? And then the 
villain says it never entered his imagination that it 
could lead to the result it did. Melbourne states his 
decided opinion that he is mad, and that he will one 
day, in sacrificing everything for his own personal 
whim, be sacrificed himself." 

" Brooks's, i ;th Oct. 

". . . Sefton came up to-day on purpose to see 
the smoking remains of the two Houses of Parliament. 
What an event ! I saw the poor old House of 
Commons smoking as I came over Westminster 
Bridge just now. The fire burst out again to-day, 
and burnt furiously for two hours." 

" Stoke Farm, 2oth Oct. 

". . . Our party here have been the little Russian 
ambassador; D'Orsay, the ultra dandy of Paris and 
London, and as ultra a villain as either city can 
produce (you know he married Lord Blessington's 
daughter, a beautiful young woman whom he has 
turned upon the wide world, and he lives openly and 
entirely with her mother, Lady Blessington. His 
mother, Madame Craufurd, aware of his profligacy, 
has left the best part of her property to her sister, 
Madame de Guiche's, children) ; Lord Tullamore, who 
is justly entitled to the prize as by far the greatest 
bore the world can produce (he married a daughter of 
Lady Charlotte Campbell a very handsome woman 
and somewhat loose, but as she is dying of a con- 
sumption we will spare her) ; Lord Allen, a penniless 
lord and Irish pensioner, well behaved and not en- 
cumbered with too much principle; Tommy Dun- 
combe, who lost 600 here the two last nights at 

* Created Lord Hatherton in 1835. 


whist to Lord Sefton, and who, if he was in possession 
of his father's estate to-morrow, would not have a 
surplus of eightpence after paying his debts. Charm- 
ing company we keep, don't we ? Then we have 
Col. Armstrong of old masquerade fame, and now 
equerry, or some such thing, to the King a very 
good-natured man, and [illegible] than all the others 
put together, which, you'll say, is not saying much 
For him. . . . Lord Fitzroy Somerset * told me that 
Wyatt says he can make Ragland t habitable for 
10,000 and completely restore it for 50,000." 

" Brooks's, Oct. 22. * 

". . . Now for Lord Durham and our Brougham 
and Vaux. You saw the origin of this storm the 
scratch Durham gave Vaux at Edinburgh, and the kick 
Vaux gave Durham in return from Salisbury. They 
are now got to closer quarters. Vaux has taken the 
field against him in an article in the Edinburgh Review 
which you ought to read. Durham is attacked by 
name, whilst his assailant is anonymous, tho' known 
to all the world. Durham replies publickly in his own 
name that, if the writer of this article is a member of 
the Government, he is a liar, or words to that effect. 
Now my own deliberate opinion is that Vaux is at last 
caught, and will be ruined ; and very likely the Govern- 
ment will fall with him. His going to Scotland at all 
with the purpose he did to rob Lord Grey of his 
fame was an act of insanity, and the disease has 
increased since. . . ." 

" 24th. 

". . . Allow me to mention to you a curious pint. 
On Wednesday evening as I was going up to Crocky's 
to dine, little Freeman accosted me in the dark, and 
turned about with me, asking me how I was. I said 
my only complaint was that I could not warm my feet 
for love or money. He said that was wrong the 
circulation must be defective, &c. ' Of course,' said 
he, 'you wear woollen stockings.' 'No,' said I, 'I 
have never done so in my life.' 'Then get some 
directly,' said he. So yesterday I bought 6 pair for 

* Created Lord Raglan in 1852. t Raglan Castle. 



morning, and three do. thinner to wear under silk in 
the evening. I am in them now, and such an imme- 
diate change I never witnessed. I have been as warm 
as a toast from the moment I put them on." 

"Brooks's, Oct. 29, 1834. 

". . . At Stoke we had the Russian again,* an 
English merchant from Riga, Younger by name, the 
Due de Richelieu, Tom Buncombe, Col. Armstrong, 
Poodle Byng and myself. Whilst at dinner on Sunday 
the two Colonels arrived, Berkeley and Henry, | with 
Charles Grenfell, all from Croxteth. . . . Essex is very 
pathetic about himself, is he not? and very tender 
about the Greys. It is just seven years since he was 
all for Canning's Government, and, like Sefton, all gall 
against Lord Grey. When Grey came into office this 
month four years ago, Essex was one of his earliest 
and most constant toadies, and Lady Grey used to 
treat him like a dog; so much so that one day when 
I was there, after he had left the room, Lord Grey 
said : ' Upon my life, Mary, you are too bad in your 
rude manner of treating Essex, and I am sure he sees 
and feels it.' To which our Countess replied : ' I 
mean that he should see it, because I can never forget 
the shameful conduct of himself and others to you. 
' Oh/ said Grey, ' that is gone by, Mary, and we must 
forget it.' She used, at that time, to treat Sefton 
exactly in the same way, and for the same reason ; 
but lords and M.P.'s have great rewards for perse- 
verance in toadying." 

Earl of Essex to Mr. Creevey. 

"Belgrave Square, Nov. I, 1834. 


" How I envy you your visit to Howick; but 
alas! the ipth of this month I turn 76,}: and must 

* Princess Lieven. 

t Lord Sefton's sons. 

$ According to Burke's Peerage^ the 5th Earl of Essex was born 
1 3th November, 1757, which would make him a year older than he 

1834.] THE* ROAD AT ITS PRIME. 291 

remain in my chimney corner. Say all that is most 
kind and affectionate from me to them all. I think the 
Glasgow meeting has ended well : Lambton * has only 
supported his original principles, and Grey's letter, like 
everything he says and does, is sure to be just and 
dignified and kind to Lambton. The operatives, also, 
deserve great credit for their moderation in all their 
sentiments and opinions. Upon the whole I think 
Grey will be satisfied, or at least think no harm has 
been done. Whether there may not be some individuals 
in the country not quite satisfied at all that is passed, 
is neither your business nor mine. Those who make 
their own beds must sleep upon them. I hope you 
and others of your party will do all you can to 
encourage Grey to come up to the meeting. He must 
not remain put at grass, but show his high-mettled 
crest and shining coat to throw the Tories into dismay 
at the very look of him. 

" Yours ever, 

" ESSEX." 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"York, Nov. 2, 1834. 

" Oh ! Barry, my dear,f your mail is the genuine 
mode of travelling for us single people, provided it is 
not that stupid heavy Gloucester one. We were the 
last mail out of Post Office Yard last night J past 8, 
and such a load of letters, too, and bags as I never 
beheld nevertheless I was here, 198 miles, by a 
quarter before five this evening, was dressed by six, 
and have just finished my excellent boiled fowl and 
bacon. J ... I am so enamoured of mail travelling that 

* The Earl of Durham. 

f Mr. Creevey usually addressed Miss Ord as Bessy, but some- 
times as Barry. 

J Nimrod writes of this Edinburgh mail as the ne plus ultra of 
road work at any time. " It runs the distance, 400 miles, in a little 
over 40 hours, and we may set our watches by it any point of her 
journey. Stoppages included, this approaches eleven miles in the hour, 
and much the greater part of it by lamplight." The time of the Flying 
Scotsman on the Great Northern Railway for this journey is now 
8 hours and 25 minutes ; and she keeps it. 


I mean to stay here to-morrow, to play with the 
Minister, to have an early dinner and be off with the 
Edinbro mail of to-morrow about five, and so get to 
Alnwick about six on Tuesday morning. ... I have 
been thinking much of the belligerents Lambton and 
Brougham on my way down, and I think the former 
has completely cut his own throat by his speech at 
the Glasgow dinner, and has given Beelzebub a horse 
to ride which, with his jockeyship, will carry him thro 1 . 
It is not a year since this hair-brained Lambton claimed 
for himself at his Gateshead dinner the exclusive merit 
of originating the general Reform Bill ; and now, for- 
sooth, he pledges himself to his new allies, the Glasgow 
operatives, and to all other operatives, that he will 
have nothing short of household suffrage, &c., &c., 
which is, of course, a repeal of the present Reform 
Act, of which six months ago he was so proud. 
Beelzebub may say now, when he is accused of his 
gratuitous declaration against going on too quickly 
with Reform : ' Why, I knew at the time more than 
you all put together. I knew that a daring measure 
was concocting to destroy all our labours, and put the 
people en masse against the property of the country, 
and I knew that Lord Durham was to lead this crew. 
With this conviction on my mind, could I do less than 
put the country on its guard against the new-fangled 
Reform ? ' . . . Durham's is a truly daring measure, 
and he has nothing left but to pit the strength of the 
Radicals himself at their head against the property 
and good sense of the country ; and I presume (for there 
is no telling till one sees) that he will be beat dead 

" Howick, Nov. 4th. 

"A nicer little dinner and a happier one I never 
had the ex-Prime Minister and lady, two boys 
(Frederick and Harry), Lady Georgiana and Nummy * 
all the company, with dumb waiters. Only think of 
Downing Street ! . . . Last July two and thirty years 
ago was the first time I ever was in this house. I had 
just then become M.P. for the first time, and was here 
early enough from my own election to be present at 

* Creevey himself. 


Lord Grey's for this county. I well remember going 
with him to the county meeting at Alnwick a very 
crowded one in the Town Hall. After Lord Grey * 
had proceeded some way in his address, he said there 
was one subject on which they would naturally be 
anxious to know whether his former opinions had 
undergone any change namely, Parliamentary Re- 
form. I never shall forget the excitement which this 
question produced in the audience; still less can I 
ever forget that thunder of applause and delight 
when he announced that the result of his experience 
had been to convince him more than ever of the 
indispensable necessity of that great measure. Well 
then, here he is, and this great measure carried : aye, 
and carried exclusively by himself; for without his 
character and talents, no man or men could have 
done, or even attempted it ; nor would any Sovereign 
have trusted any other man to do it. ... And yet, 
here he is after all stranded, compelled by the con- 
duct of his own Government to abandon the concern, 
and to retire into private life. As far as he is con- 
cerned the prolongation of his life and the enjoy- 
ment of the remaining part of it, no one who sees 
him and has known him before, can doubt his good 
fortune in being placed in this situation. . . . No 
continuance in power could add an atom to his fame. 
He stands the only ex-Minister, certainly in this 
country and perhaps in any other, entirely spotless. 
. . . You remember as well as myself the natural 
anxiety and desponding character of his disposition. 
Now that he has closed his political life, that early 
fever has not a trace of it left, and a more perfect 
picture of contentment and even playfulness I defy 
the world to produce." 

The remainder of this letter deals with Brougham's 
part in recent events, and describes the corre- 
spondence that had passed between him and Lord 
Grey in relation to them. Enough, perhaps too 
much, has been quoted already to show the bitter 

* He was then the Hon. Charles Grey. 


feelings against Brougham which prevailed among 
Lord Grey's friends. There are mountains of letters 
on the subject, and it avails little further to reopen 
forgotten sores. 


" Where did I leave off yesterday ? At poor Lord 
and Lady Grey's believing that Brougham, in his 
intrigues unknown to Lord Grey about the Coercion 
Bill, did not mean to get Lord Grey out of office. 
Why, then he must be an idiot, or something much 
worse ! because he must have been quite sure that 
when this plot became known to Lord Grey, the 
latter, as a man of honor, could not remain a moment 
longer with such perfidious scamps. ... I cannot 
help thinking (tho' I may be wrong) that Lord Grey 
is not sorry Durham has taken the real Radical line 
at last, and think it relieves him from any further 
political connection with him, which has been one 
constant source of torment to Lord Grey from 
Lambton's unreasonable and shameful conduct to him. 
. . . Lord Grey told me yesterday that the applica- 
tions made to him for peerages had been over three 
hundred, and for baronetages absolutely endless. 
He says he is in great disgrace with Col. Grey of 
Morrick for not making him one that his wife came 
to Downing Street in tears absolutely to implore 
this favor from him, but he would not. . . . Lord 
Grey told me that it was one of the first acts of his 
Government to offer Coke a peerage absolutely an 
earldom and Coke had chosen for a title ' Castle- 
acre,' an estate purchased by the Lord Chief Justice 
Coke, joining Holkham ; but just before our William 
came to the throne, Coke, at a dinner given him at 
Lynn, had made a most violent speech against George 
the Third, pointing to his picture which was in the 
room, and calling him 'that wretch covered with 
blood' (meaning, of course, from the American and 
French wars), an insufferable speech, particularly 
of a dead man ; so that all the Royal Family were 
in arms about it. The King put it to Lord Grey 
whether, after such an attack upon his father, he 


could confer this signal mark of favor upon him, and 
Grey thought not." * 

"1 2th. 

" So Lord Spencer is dead by this time ! Just in 
time to save Althorp from that horrible position in 
the House of Commons which his late folly put him 
into. But what comes of the House of Commons 
itself? Who is to lead that precious assembly? . . . 
Stanley would be the only man if he had only com- 
mon sense and common manners ; but I think Spring 
Rice must be the man. . . . Talking of Lady Howick,t 
Lady Grey said : ' I never liked her, and I do so now 
less than ever. I believe she is clever and has been 
agreeable ; her natural character is to be saucy and 
pert, but with me is artificial and guarded in the 
extreme ; curious and inquisitive to the greatest 
degree, and sending to her sister in Yorkshire every- 
thing she picks up ; J which somehow or other comes 
to me on its return from Yorkshire. Then, if I deny 
having said it in part or in whole, I am told it must 
be so, for " Maria took it down in her journal at the 
time!" which is not very pleasant you know. But 
Henry is quite devoted to her, and she has supreme 
influence over him.' . . . Just as I was in the midst 
of writing the last sentence, Lord Grey stalked into 
the great library, his spectacles aloft upon his fore- 
head, and I saw at once he was for jaw, so I abandoned 
my letter to you and joined him. . . . He had received 
a letter from Lord John Russell to-day, and I saw 
in a minute both Holland and Lord John were making 
offers to Lord Howick of a berth in the Government 
(in the Cabinet, of course) thro' Lord Grey ; and then 
we began to talk on that subject in good earnest. I 
gave my own decided opinion that the Government 
could not last ; that I had always thought so before 
the late insanity of Brougham and Durham's scrape, 
even if Lord Spencer had lived ; and that the Govern- 
ment would have broken down in the House of Lords, 

* Mr. Coke was created Earl of Leicester immediately after King 
William's death in 1837. 

f Creevey's old correspondent, Miss Maria Copley. 

% Much as Creevey himself sent everything to his step-daughter. 


Melbourne, with all his merits, being utterly incapable 
of sustaining it ; but that now it would go to the devil 
at once in both Houses. On that account, I would 
have Lord Howick extremely cautious in taking 
office without more daylight, the design in having 
him being obvious to pass for having Lord Grey's 
support. Lord Grey was quite with me that the 
Government must go, Althorp being gone, and he 
thinks it could not have weathered the session had 
he remained; but he has an evident hankering for 
Howick being in office, and evidently has a most 
false estimate of his talents, and of every other 
property belonging to him. ... I- will stop here, as 
every day must bring us new speculations as to the 
result of Althorp's political demise." 


". . . Lord Grey had a letter from Lord John 
Russell yesterday, stating that he had consented to be 
leader of the House of Commons. Can anything be 
more condescending? Was there ever such luck for 
Lord Grey as being out of office before Althorp was 
off, and Johnny Russell leader? We are both agreed 
that such an arrangement is horrible, if not fatal. 
We both agree that he has an overweening conceit of 
himself, is very obstinate, very pert, and can be very 
rude charming properties for the leader of such a 
House of Commons ! . . . Lord Grey says Mulgrave's 
pretensions are beyond all bearing, that he never 
found Grant worth a single farthing, and that Aber- 
cromby is a perfect humbug." 

When King William dismissed Melbourne and his 
colleagues in November, 1834, he laid his commands 
on the Duke of Wellington. The Duke recommended 
that Sir Robert Peel should form a Government ; but 
as Peel was absent in Rome, the Duke consented to 
conduct affairs until his return, declining, however, 
to fill any offices during Peel's absence. Therefore 
until Peel returned on 9th December, the Duke was 
virtually First Lord of the Treasury, Home, Foreign, 


Colonial, and War Minister; an arrangement which 
gave mighty umbrage to the Opposition. 


" Here's a go for you! The Whigs turned out and 
Wellington sent for. A letter from Lord Melbourne 
to Lord Grey, written at Brighton, announces this 
fact. . . . Now, will this convince Beelzebub that 
honesty is the best policy after all ? It was his perfidy 
to Lord Grey about the Coercion Bill that destroyed 
the Government. . . . Then the conceited puppy 
Johnny Russell, who gave the first blow to the 
Government by disclosing the Cabinet differences 
about the Church, thereby making Stanley and the 
Duke of Richmond resign, that he, having lost Lord 
Grey and Lord Althorp too, should be fool enough to 
think that he could lead the House of Commons ! 
Next to these two benefactors, Brougham and Lord 
John, the Tories are under everlasting obligations to 
Lord Durham and his Glasgow dinner. . . . When I 
was here five and twenty years ago, a King's messenger 
arrived bringing an invitation from Perceval to Lord 
Grey to unite with him in making a Government, 
Castlereagh and Canning having quarrelled, fought 
and gone out of office. I presume no messenger will 
come now on a similar errand from Wellington. 
(After dinner) Duke of Bedford mentions a fact Lord 
Grey and I were not aware of; viz. that Peel is in 
Italy. Wellington can form no Government without 
his concurrence." 

" i yth. 

". . . Melbourne writes that his conversation with 
the King was a very long one, and that his mind was 
quite made up that the Government, such as it was 
reduced to, could never stand. . . ." 

" I9th. 

" Brougham describes in his letter to Sefton (who 
has arrived here) his interview with the King at the 
Council on Monday. After referring to the letter of 
advice he wrote to the King, and applying a profusion 
of butter to him and his family, Brougham said he 


hoped he never should be placed in the painful situation 
of acting with any hostility to his Majesty or any part 
of his family ; * but as the leader of a popular [party] 
in this country, he could not conceal from himself that 
he might, to a certain extent, be controll'd by the 
measures of such a party : in short a regular threat, 
at which Beelzebub says the King seem'd much 
annoy'd (as well he might), very grave, but very civil 
(which I doubt !). Brougham writes : ' I dined with 
Lyndhurst to-day, and he says he'll be damned if he'll 
be Chancellor without some security. In the mean- 
time he gives up the Exchequer to Scarlett, who is 
Lord Chief Baron and goes to the House of Lords. 1 " t 


". . . Brougham continues to write daily to Sefton 
letters of a perfect Bedlamite. He says the excitement 
in London becomes more universal and intense every 
day ; whilst Lord Grey's letters from Melbourne and 
others state that there never was more perfect apathy 
amongst all classes." 


". . / Lord Grey and I are of opinion that Welling- 
ton's difficulties appear greater every day. His 
assuming all the offices of State into his own hands, 
without knowing if he can ever fill them, is a most 
offensive and wanton act of power. For instance, he 
has dismissed from their offices in the most insulting 
manner Palmerston and Rice, without naming any 
successors, when, according to established usage, 
they might have held the seals of their offices till such 
successors had been found. ... It is clear that this 
move of the King's was not anticipated by the Tories, 
or Peel would have been on the spot. This vesting, 
or rather assuming, of all the power by one man, and 
him a soldier and with such known opinions, for a 
whole fortnight or perhaps three weeks, is giving 
opportunities for every species of criticism upon such 
conduct. The Whigs might have died a natural 
death, as they shortly would, had they been let alone ; 

* Referring to Queen Adelaide's overt antipathy to the Whigs, 
t As Lord Abinger. 


but it is quite another thing to have them kick'd out 
of the world by this soldier, and to see him stand 
single-handed on their grave, claiming the whole 
power of the nation as his own." 

"2 3 rd. 

". . . It seems the offer to Stanley which I 
mentioned has not actually been madejv^.* Peel is 
to be home on the spot, before a single fixed appoint- 
ment is made. Great homage to him this ! . . . I am 
more and more struck every day with Lord Grey's 
happy appearance, and I can't help making in my own 
mind the contrast between him and Sefton. In my 
estimation, Sefton is by no means inferior to the 
other in natural talents. In conversation he has much 
more fancy and a much greater variety of talent ; and 
had his mind taken the same direction earlier and 
received the same cultivation as the other, he, too, 
would have been a most powerful speaker, tho' not as 
eloquent. But this want of early cultivation now 
ruins him. Lord Grey spends a good part of every 
day with his book, which Sefton, from want of habit, 
can't do, and he is compell'd, therefore, to exist a great 
part of his time upon excitement from play, cookery, 
&c., &c. It would do you good to see me send Lord 
Grey to bed every night at half after eleven o'clock, 
which is half an hour beyond his usual time. This I 
do regularly, and it amuses him much. He looks 
about for his book, calls his dog Viper, and out they 
go, he having been all day as gay as possible, and not 
an atom of that gall he was subject to in earlier life. 
To be sure, when he read a letter this morning at 
breakfast, stating that the Duke of Gloucester was 
dangerously ill, he did say : ' Well, if he dies, all I 
can say is, he won't leave a greater fool behind him 
than himself!' But how feeble and gentle this com- 
pared with the energy of earlier days, when he told 

* Stanley was offered office in Peel's cabinet as soon as Peel 
returned from Rome. He declined it, on the ground that, however 
possible he might have found it to serve with Peel, the fact that the 
Duke of Wellington had first received the King's commands "must 
stamp upon the administration about to be formed the impress of 
his name and principles." 


Dick Wilson that ' nothing in life would give him so 
much pleasure as to see Eldon hanged in his robes.' " 


". . . Sefton and I had a long conversation with 
Howick* when everybody else was gone to bed. It 
is quite impossible that any one could cut a better 
figure, either for good sense or for good and honorable 
principles. The Rump of his father's Government 
would have applied to him in vain to take office with 
such rubbish, after their treatment of Lord Grey. . . . 
Lord and Lady Frederick FitzClarence went away 
yesterday. . . . He is much the best looking of the 
King's sons.f . . . The little wife, Lady Augusta,! 
tho' about the shyest person I ever saw, disclosed 
symptoms both of sense and character. She has seen 
a great deal of the Queen, whom she pronounces to 
be both sensible and good-natured, but that, after 
living fourteen years in England, she has not a single 
English notion. The Queen's fix'd impression is that 
an English revolution is rapidly approaching, and that 
her own fate is to be that of Marie Antoinette, and she 
trusts she shall be able to act her part with more 
courage. She only approves of the Duke of Welling- 
ton, as being the only man to stem the revolutionary 
current, having an old grudge against him and having 
very often abused him in Lady Augusta's presence, 
for having turn'd them out of the Admiralty, for his 
uncourteous manner of doing it, and for the dis- 
respectful way in which he always treated the King 
when he was Duke of Clarence. . . . Brougham, in 
his letter to Sefton yesterday, let off a madder prank 
than ever : viz. that he had written to Lyndhurst 
offering to be Chief Baron for nothing, by which 7000 
a year would be saved to the nation, he being quite 

* Afterwards 3rd Earl Grey : died 1894. 

f By Mrs. Jordan. The eldest was created Earl of Minister ; the 
remainder received the rank of the sons and daughters of a marquess. 

% Daughter of the 4th Earl of Glasgow. 

During Wellington's premiership he had been obliged to take 
grave exception to certain proceedings of the Duke of Clarence in his 
office of Lord High Admiral. First he reprimanded him very sharply, 
and finally he removed His Royal Highness from office altogether. 


contented with his pension as ex-Chancellor of 5000 
a year. . . . Whether this is pure spite to Scarlett, or 
pure, unadulterated insanity I know not; but I do 
know how so ridiculous a proposition will be treated. 
. . . Lyndhurst is civil and dry in his answer (a copy 
of which Grey has shown me), and says that the Duke 
and himself will call the earliest attention of Peel to 
the proposal when he returns. Ld. Grey did not tell 
me who sent him the copies of these letters, but I take 
for granted it was Lord Holland, and that Brougham 
had purposely selected Holland as the repository of 
these confidential letters, and under the most positive 
injunctions of secrecy, well knowing it was the best 
chance for publicity ! " 

" Dec. 3. 

" Well, the curtain is about to drop upon my four 
weeks' visit to an ex-Prime Minister. As yesterday 
was a blank day for London letters, Sefton at different 
times expressed his delight at the prospect of this 
morning and the news it would bring very like an 
indication of ennui, you'll say. . . . Lord Grey only 
smiled and said : ' I don't expect any news, and 
I don't want any.' At the accustomed hour of ten 
this morning, there stood a pile of letters on his 
plate, making, I should think, his legal number 
fifteen.* So, having been some time employed in 
opening them and circulating their enclosures, either 
by flinging them or sending them on plates to their 
proper owners, he said at last : ' It's funny enough, 
of all these letters, there is not one for myself!' 
A very good picture, this, for politicians to study, 
and a very pretty portrait of a retired one. The 
same tranquillity and cheerfulness, amounting almost 
to playfulness, instead of subsiding have rather 
encreased during my stay, and have never been 
interrupted by a single moment of thoughtfulness or 
gloom. He could not have felt more pleasure from 
carrying the Reform Bill, than he does apparently 
when he picks up half-a-crown from me at cribbage. 
A curious stranger would discover no out-of-the-way 

* I.e. the number which, as a peer, he was entitled to receive free 
of postage in one day. 


talent in him, no powers of conversation; a clever 
man in discussion, certainly, but with no fancy, and no 
judgment (or very little) in works either of fancy or 
art. A most natural, unaffected, upright man, hos- 

Eitable and domestic ; far surpassing any man one 
nows in his noble appearance and beautiful simplicity 
of manners, and equally surpassing all his contem- 
poraries as a splendid publick speaker. Take him 
all in all, I never saw his fellow ; nor can I see any 
imitation of him on the stocks. . . . 

" I never mentioned to you a specimen of Lady 
Grey's moral creed as given me by herself. It 

was just after Lady T had left us; so, being 

alone, she said to me : ' I like Lady T : she 

is always good-humoured, and she amuses me ; and 
as she never says anything to offend me or those 
belonging to me, I don't feel I have anything to do 
with Mr. Thompson or any other of the lovers which 
she has had. The same with Madame de Dino and 
the Duchess of B ; they are always very good- 
humoured and are very agreeable company ; and as 
they never say anything to offend me, I have nothing 
to do with all the different lovers they are said to have 
had. I take no credit to myself for being different 
from them : mine is a very lucky ' case. Had I, in the 
accident of marriages, been married to a man for whom 
I found I had no respect, I might have done like them, 
for what I know. I consider mine as a case of luck.' 
" Droll, wasn't it ? " 

"Tower, Dec. 20. 

". . . Lyndhurst said to some one yesterday: 
' D'ye know where Peel's letter was concocted ? ' 
'No/ said the other. 'At Brooks's ! ' said Lynd- 
hurst. What a wag. I should say it would do for 
the present, and until the Irish Church comes upon the 
stage, or any other similar puzzler. I don't feel any 
wish to disturb such a government as long as they 
keep to such a text. How Goulburn, Knatchbull, &c., 
are to swallow such Liberalism I neither know nor 
care. However, our people are all up in arms against 
what they call the humbug of Jenny." * 

* Peel. 


" Greenwich Hospital, Dec. 23rd. 

" Our party at dinner on Sunday at Lord Holland's 
was the Duchess of Bedford, Duke of Devonshire, 
Mulgrave, B. Thompson, Bickersteth and some one 
else I forget. I never was acquainted with the 
Duchess of Bedford, and since I delivered her of her 
London Bedford House in 1808, have always been 
glad not to come in her way. However, on Sunday 
she began before dinner, . . . and when there was an 
opening after dinner she said 'Well, tho' I have 
never had a house in London fit to live in since that 
disappointment, I quite forgive you ; and I hope you 
will come and see me at Woburn at any time you like. 
... I dine at the Hollands again on Xmas day 
again to meet that lively man, the Duke of Devon- 
shire ! But we shall have no want of vivacity on that 
jolly day, as the Duke of Norfolk dines there likewise. 
... I had two conversations yesterday, each with a 
Hume the first, 'Joe' the second, Wellington's 
doctor whom you will remember. The first was 
quite positive that Peel could not number 200 sup- 
porters. My other friend, to my surprise, turned 
about with me, and expressed to me his fixed con- 
viction that every attempt of the Duke and Peel to 
procure a favorable House of Commons would fail." 

( 304 ) 


IN the remaining years of Creevey's life he continued 
comfortably withdrawn from active political strife, 
though he continued to take a keen interest in all that 
was passing. He lived chiefly with the Seftons ; but, 
despite his deafness ; continued in great request as a 
diner-out. Repeated attacks of influenza, treated by 
cupping, which he mentions as a notable improvement 
upon the old lancet bleeding, made him subject to long 
periods of feebleness ; but his pen continued almost 
as busy as ever. 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Brooks's, April 29th, 1835 

". . . We have an affair going on between Alvanley 
and O'Connell. Alvanley challenged him directly 
when he called him a 'bloated buffoon.' Darner 
Dawson is Alvanley's bottle-holder, and as Dan had 
returned no answer to the demand upon him yester- 
day, w r hich was supposed ample time, Dawson fired a 
second shot into him. / think Alvanley quite wrong 
in this, but Sefton is quite of a contrary opinion." 

"May 5th. 

". . . About this nonsense of Alvanley's, I consider 
every part of Alvanley's conduct as faulty. His first 
movement against O'Connell was political; it was to 

1835-36.] CREEVEY AS AN ONLOOKER. 305 

create disunion between O'Connell and his tail and 
the Whigs. Then I know that this arose from spite, 
Alvanley having been lately refused a place in the 
Household which he asked for. Then the publicity 
he has given to his challenge of O'Connell is against 
all rule. However, he has been at last accommodated 
by one of the O'Connell family, who had 3 shots at 
him last night in a duel, and no harm done to either 
party. . . . Alas, alas, the Widow's Mite (you know 
that is the name that has been given by some wag to 
Johnny Russell)* has been beaten black and blue in 
Devonshire. . . . 

"As I was walking just now, according to my 
constant custom, in the enclosure in St. James's Park, 
who should I meet but Bessy Holyoake, alias Good- 
rick, all alone, having dismissed her footman at the 
gate, and we had a charming walk quite round the 
whole, in the course of which we met, nrst Rogers and 
Mrs. Norton arm in arm ; then Goodrick, the Duke of 
Richmond and Graham, ditto ; then Lord Durham and 
his 3 children." 

" Brooks's, i6th. 

". . . After our signal triumph in Yorkshire, which 
was quite invaluable if our blockheads would have 
left it alone, they must make that marplot Littleton a 
peer,t and so open Staffordshire, as if the puppy had 
not done mischief enough last year when, by his 
intrigues with O'Connell, he forced Lord Grey out 
of the Government. Three days ago in my favorite 
resort in St. James's Park I met Brougham walking. 
. . . He joined me my first time of seeing him since 
the explosion; and a more unsatisfactory, rambling 
discourse I never had dealt out to me very, very long 
and, as far as he dared, abusing everybody. I was 
heartily glad when this mass of insincere jaw came 
to a close by his going to the House of Lords. Figure 
to yourself at this moment, O'Connell and myself 
seated at the same table writing, very near each other, 
and no one else in the room, and yet no intercourse 
between us, tho' formerly we always spoke. This is 

* Lord John Russell, who was of very diminutive stature, had just 
married the widow of the 2nd Lord Ribblesdale. 
f Lord Hatherton. 



no matter of choice with me, nor do I like it, but after 
his abuse of Lord Grey, I made up my mind never to 
speak to him again." 

" May 20th. 

". . . Lord Essex told me on Sunday morning here 
that Lady Grey was very anxious I should not fail her 
that day, as she relied upon my protection of her 
against Sir Joseph Copley, of whom she was horribly 
afraid. However, when I arrived there I found there 
was not much danger of her being overpowered by 
Copley. It is true he was there, as were his daughters 
' Coppy ' and Lady Howick ; * but there were likewise 
Lord and Lady Morley, Lord and Lady Granville and 
Col. Carradock (as the puppy calls himself instead of 
Cradock), with whiskers quite enough to deter Cop- 
ley from any personal attack on Lady Grey, besides 
her own private body-guard of Howick, Charles 
and Frederic, with Ladies Elizabeth and Georgiana. 
'Coppy' fell to my lot, and I did all I could to be 
agreeable to her at dinner ; but both she and Maria, 
from the manner in which they shook hands with me 
at first, gave me a kind of formal notice not to presume 
upon it or be too familiar with them. I dare say, in 
fact, that, knowing my intimacy with the Greys, and 
feeling their own artificial situation in the same 
quarter, they consider me rather an enemy. To be 
sure, they had no great reason to be set up with the 
attentions of either my lord or my lady. T hey knoiv 
that they both think Ly. Howick infernally imperti- 
nent, as most assuredly she is.f 

" In the evening we had a truly select addition to 
our dinner party, consisting of the Dow. Duchess of 
Sutherland, who, as Lady Elizabeth Bulteel and I 
agreed, has all the appearance of a wicked old 
woman. Her son and the young Duchess too a 
daughter of Lord Carlisle's, and a cousin, pretty 
enough and amiable and good, I dare say, but with 
such nonsensical ruffs and lappets and tippets about 

* Sir Joseph's daughter Maria had been married to Lord Howick 
in 1832. 

t Lady Howick had been brought up in a family of Tories, which 
no doubt affected Creevey's opinion of her, though they had been the 
best of friends before her marriage. 

1835-36.] LADY GREY AT HOME. 37 

her neck and throat that, coupled with her brother 
Morpeth's constant grin, gives you a strong suspicion 
of her being a Cousin Betty. 

" My ears were much gratified by hearing the names 
' Lord and Lady John Russell ' announced ; and in 
came the little things, as merry looking as they well 
could be, but really much more calculated, from their 
size, to show off on a chimney-piece than to mix and 
be trod upon in company. To think of her having had 
four children * is really beyond ! when she might pass 
for 14 or 15 with anybody. Everybody praises her 
vivacity, agreeableness and good nature very much, 
so it is all very well. . . . We had rather an interest- 
ing sprinkling of foreigners too first and foremost 
my own well-beloved and honest Alava, then the 
ingenuous Pozzo [di Borgo], with his niece Madame 
Pozzo a very pretty, nice, merry looking young 
woman. ... It was a great treat to me, too, to see 
at our party for the first time in my life Sebastiani, 
with his wife, sister to Lady Tankerville.f . . . Let 
me not omit to mention that this corps diplomatique 
was closed by the arrival of our Mandeville,{ who now 
turns his eyes from me as if he loathed me, probably 
attributing Lord Grey's altered manner to him to my 
having shown him up as he deserves. I beg Cupid 
Palmerston's pardon ! he, too, was there, as also was 
Lady Cowper, if you come to that. . . . Well, Barry, 
as for our Buckingham Palace yesterday never was 
there such a specimen of wicked, vulgar profusion. It 
has cost a million of money, and there is not a fault 
that has not been committed in it. You may be sure 
there are rooms enough, and large enough, for the 
money; but for staircases, passages, &c., I observed 
that instead of being called Buckingham Palace, it 
should be the 'Brunswick Hotel.' The costly orna- 
ments of the state rooms exceed all belief in their bad 
taste and every species of infirmity. Raspberry- 
coloured pillars without end, that quite turn you sick 
to look at ; but the Queen's paper for her own apart- 
ments far exceed everything else in their ugliness and 

* By her first husband, Lord Ribblesdale. 
t A daughter of Antoine, Due de Grammont. 
| Afterwards 6th Duke of Manchester. 


vulgarity. . . . The marble single arch in front of the 
Palace cost 100,000* and the gateway in Piccadilly t 
cost 40,000. Can one be surprised at people becoming 
Radical with such specimens of royal prodigality before 
their eyes ? to say nothing of the characters of such 
royalties themselves." 

" Stoke, August 23. 

". . . There was a prodigious to-do at the Castle 
here the day before yesterday, it being Billy's 
seventieth birthday a dinner to 150 and tea party to 
as many more ; in short, to all the nibberhood, always 
excepting poor Stoke, the residence of Maria Craven, 
Billy's first love.t Oh perfidious Billy! but as Sefton 
told me, this omission was quite a matter of course, 
the family not having written their names at the 
Castle this year. . . . You will be glad to know that 
amongst the visitors at the Castle, the Lord Mayor 
had the honor to be one, and not only to dine, but 
to stay all night. This said Lord Mayor, Win- 
chester, is a stationer; and having been employed 
by a Tory Government for supply of the Treasury, 
was formally dismissed by the same Government, 
by regular Treasury minute, for cheating that was 
all. Another favored guest, both for bed and board, 
was Walter, M.P. for Berkshire, formerly proprietor 
and editor of the Times newspaper. 

" 17, St. James St., 29 January, 1836. 

". . . There never was such a coup as this Muni- 
cipal Reform Bill has turned out to be. It marshals 
all the middle classes in all the towns of England in 
the ranks of Reform ; aye, and gives them monstrous 
power too. I consider it a much greater blow to 
Toryism than the Reform Bill itself; tho' I admit 
it could never have been effected without the latter 
passing first. It is a curious thing to be obliged to 
admit, but it is perfectly true, that Melbourne and 

* Now the Marble Arch in Hyde Park, 
f Now at the entrance to Constitution Hill. 
J The Countess of Sefton, See vol. ii. p. 212. 

1835-36.] "BEAR" ELLICE. 309 

the leavings of Lord Grey's Government are much 
stronger than Lord Grey's Government was when 
it was at its best. Altho', as old Talleyrand observed, 
Melbourne may be trop camarade for a Prime Minister 
in some things, yet it is this very familiar, unguarded 
manner, when it is backed by perfect integrity and 
quite sufficient talent, that makes him perfectly in- 
valuable and invulnerable." 

"Brooks's, Feb. 

". . . The great object of my curiosity at present 
is to see and get hold 01 our Ellice,* who is just fresh 
from Paris, after a residence of some time there. He 
has had two very distinguished playfellows there, 
with whom he has almost entirely lived the first, 
Madame Lieven the other, no less than Philippe, 
who could scarcely bear to have him out of his sight. 
Madame Lieven's attachment to him was intelligible 
enough. She knows her man, and would be quite 
sure to know everything that he knows of Lord 
Durham and his mission every secret (if they have 
any) of the present Government, and every opinion 
entertained by Lord Grey. What is the bond of 
union between the Bear t and the King of the French 
I am yet to learn. . . . Ellice is very vain (and who is 
not ?) ; he is a sieve, and so much the more agreeable 
for those who squeeze him. . . . What say you to our 
own Stanley ? was there ever such a case of suicide ? 
I really think if I saw him in the street I should try 
to avoid him to save his blushes ; yet perhaps such 
things are unknown to him." 

" March 

"... I never dined with Lady Holland after all, 
but sent an excuse on account of my gout. I really 
can't stand the artificial bother and crowded table of 
her house. I admit that no one can sail thro' such 
difficulties better than myself; but still, her presump- 
tion is not to be endured. How different from the 
affable demeanour of Marianne Abercromby with 
whom and Mr. Speaker I am to have the honor of 

* The Right Hon. Edward Ellice, M.P. f Ellice. 


dining this day ; * and our Duke Barney f is to take 
me there." 

" 22nd. 

". . . The town at present is kept in perpetual 
motion by the Duchess of Kent, everybody going to 
her fetes at Kensington to see the young King of 
Portugal, her nephew. Lady Louisa [Molyneux] tells 
me that he is an innocent looking lad of 20, and that 
he never seems happy but when talking to his cousin 
Victoria, and that then they seem both supremely 
so. What wd. I give to hear of their elopement in 
a cab / . . . I declare I have not read anything for 
ages that has interested me so much as the Duke of 
Wellington's examination and evidence before the 
Flogging Commission in the Times of to-day. It is 
the image of him in his best and most natural state, 
and very entertaining and instructive." 

" 28th. 

". . . My sister used to reproach me for letting so 
many of my companions ' get before me ' in life, and 
used to instance Scarlett being a lord and Western 
too ; but her best case would have been Abercromby, 
who was a suitor to me thirty years ago for any office 
that would secure him food ; and here he is Speaker 
of the House of Commons ! entertaining me in one of 
the finest houses in London, and with the finest com- 
pany. We had a great turn out at dinner there on 
Saturday the Dukes of Norfolk and Devonshire, 
Lord and Lady Seymour, Lord and Lady Howick, the 
oung Bear and Mrs. Ellice, Charles Fox and Lady 
"ary, Lords Palmerston, Strafford and Ebrington, 
&c., &c." 

"Stoke, Aprils. 

". . . Our family here [the Seftons] was put rather 
in a fuss yesterday by receiving a letter from Lady 
Craven, informing Lady Sefton officially and at some 
length that her daughter's intended marriage with 

* The Right Hon. James Abercromby was Speaker from 1835 to 


f The Duke of Norfolk. 


Tom Brand * was broken off by the young lady her- 
self, who found out at last (for the wedding day was 
very near) that she really could not like him enough 
to marry him. Her principal objection against him 
is that he never opens his mouth and that he pro- 
scribes any connection with a book. A lively, 
interesting companion, it must be admitted.f Mrs. 
Norton has quitted her husband, upon a quarrel 
about a man whose name I forget. She is not, 
however, gone off with this man, but gone to the 

" Jermyn St., April 23. 

"... I dined with Madagascar % at Holland House, 
a small party, and for once, to my delight, plenty of 
elbow-room. . . . Whilst Holland House can be as 
agreeable a house as any I know, it is quite as much 
at other times distinguished for twaddle, and so it was 
on this occasion." 

" Brooks's, May I3th. ' 

". . . Melbourne has been very ill, but is better, 
and will do. Young, his secretary, told me that he 
had been terribly annoyed by the Norton concern. 
The insanity of men writing letters in such cases is to 
me incomprehensible. She has plenty of Melbourne's 
and others, but according to what is considered the 
best authority, the Solicitor General of the Tories 
Follett has saved Melbourne, tho' employed against 
him. Follett is said to have asked Norton if it was 
true that he had ever walked with Mrs. Norton to 
Lord Melbourne's house, and then left her there. 
Upon Norton's saying that was so, Follett told him 
there was an end of his action. 

" The jaw about this case is now succeeded by the 
breaking off of the marriage between Ld. Villiers and 

* Afterwards 22nd Lord Dacre. 

t In 1840 Lady Louisa Craven married Sir G. F. Johnstone, Bart., 
and after his death she married Alexander Oswald of Auchencruive in 

t Lady Holland. 

The jury, without leaving the box, pronounced a verdict 
acquitting Lord Melbourne. 


Lady Herbert, Lady Pembroke's daughter. Lady 
Pembroke's case against Lady Jersey is merely a 
charge of an attempt to get her daughter to sign a 
paper doing herself out of 20,000 her whole fortune 
without any one's knowledge." 

" 28th. 

" . . Yesterday I dined at Holland House with 
my old and tried friend the Speaker, and Marianne 
[Hon. Mrs. Abercromby] into the bargain. Such a 
fright I never in my life beheld, in a dress far sur- 
passing any female crossing-sweeper on May Day. I 
arrived just as they had sat down to dinner, with as 
little room to turn myself in as ever fell to any man's 
lot, and yet I was called to both by Lord and Lady 
Holland to leave room for a very distinguished 
American gentleman who was expected ; but I would 
not hear of such a thing, and this led to a good deal of 
fun. The party consisted, besides the Abercrombys, 
of Bob Adair, Lord de Ros, the Attorney General and 
his wife, the peeress Scarlett's eldest daughter (I 
forget her title).* I found her a very nice agreeable 
companion, apparently very amiable, and not the 
least set up with either her father's peerage or her 
own. Dr. Lushington and Fonblanque, a son of old 
Fonblanque, and writer of one of the cleverest Sun- 
day papers, were the others. I took to Fonblanque 
much. The distinguished American arrived a quarter 
after eight, the dinner hour having been half-past six ; 
but he brought his card of invitation with him to 
shew he was right. . . ." 

" Stoke Farm, Sept. 6th. 

" I came here on Friday ; visitors Charles 
Greville, Lords Charleville and Allen, Standish, 
Townley, Rogers and C. Grenfell. Townley still 
dumb ! f Was there ever ? . . . Sefton asked me if I 

* Lady Abinger's eldest daughter, wife of Sir John Campbell, had 
just been created Baroness Stratheden, and her husband was sub- 
sequently created Baron Campbell in 1841. 

t Mr. Townley had been courting Lady Caroline Molyneux, but 
delayed coming to the point. In effect, he married her in the 
November following. 

1835-36.] CASSIOBURY. 313 

had heard of , I mean, his cheating at cards, and 

upon my saying yes, he said it was all quite true, and 
that his practice had been so long known to his 
friends that they had remonstrated against his pur- 
suing such a course, for fear of detection ; but poor, 

dear, insinuating could not resist, and it has 

fallen to the lot of George Payne to detect him 
publickly. The club is to be dissolved in order to get 

rid of him. is gone abroad, and Sefton has a 

letter from him the most amusing, wittiest letter 
about all he has seen ! . . ." 

" Brooks's, Sept. 16. 

" Sad work, ladies, sad work ! Not a frank to be 
had for love or money, so don't cry if I don't catch 
an M.P. before the post ^oes out* I returned from 
Cashiobury [Lord Essex s] on Wednesday, and my 
visit was alt very well. The Hollands came on 
Saturday, with Rogers, Melbourne on Sunday, and 
Glenelg on Tuesday. We all left on Wednesday I 
in Glenelg's carriage. I had :the offer of Rogers's 
carriage all to myself; but I declined attending the 
funeral ; by which I mean Lady Holland's procession. 
She moves in her own coach and four horses her 
stipulated pace being four miles an hour, to avoid 
jolting! She makes Rogers go in her coach with 
Holland and herself, all the windows up; then 
Rogers's chariot follows empty, then my lady's chaise 
and pair of posters, containing her maid, her rubber, 
page, footmen, &c. . . . Essex is a man of very few 
words for compliments; but I took it as a real 
civility when he said : ' I ordered for you, Creevey, 
the room that poor George Tierney was so fond of, 
and always had.' Certainly, a more perfect apart- 
ment t never had. Essex and Lady Holland were 
growling at one another all the time, but she was 
always the aggressor. Melbourne and Holland were 
all good nature and gaiety. The only drawback to 
my amusement was owing to my great folly in walk- 
ing on Monday to see the Birmingham railroad t now 

* He did catch one, and the letter is franked by Mr. Kemeys-Tynte. 
t Opened in 1837: now part of the London and North Western 


making, being about four miles there and back, which 
has made me dead lame. ... I think our Madagascar 
is evidently failing : she looks wretchedly, and there 
is an evident languor upon her that even victuals and 
liquor don't remove. She came one day and sat close 
beside me in the library ; and when she had begun to 
talk to me, a little, tidy old woman came and went 
down on her marrow-bones, and begun to put her 
hands up her petticoats. So of course I was for 
backing off de suite; but she said: ' Don't go, 
Creevey ; it is only my rubber, and she won't disturb 


" Brooks's, 24th. 

". . . I dine at Crocky's daily, where I have got 
the dinner down to 8s. 6d. tout compris; was I to dine 
here, it would certainly be apund. . . . My eye! what 
a man Lord Fitzallen is, it you please just intro- 
duced about 7 feet high, as red as a turkey-cock and 
covered with bushes of black hair in mustachios and 
whiskers. Thank God I don't dine with him; he is 
really quite disagreeable to look at." 

" 3oth. 

"... I dined at Poodle Byng's on Monday the 
Honble. Mrs. Byng having been lady's maid to the 
Poodle's mother. You know I have the greatest 
aversion to playing at company with such kind of 
tits; but as Charles Greville, Cullen Smith and 
Luttrell, and two or three more of your men upon 
town took no objection, it was not for me to find 

" Brooks's, Oct. 4th. 

". . . When I was at Stoke I fell in love with 
Wellington's Peninsular dispatches, published by 
Gurwood ; but as my supply from that library is now 
cut off, and the book itself too dear to buy, I am 
living upon Napier's Peninsular War, which has been 
given me by Lord Allen, because he hates it so much. 
. . . Napier is a clever man, and has taken great pains 
with his subject ; but he undertakes too much in his 
criticism upon all the French generals in Spain, and 

1835-36.] DEATH OF CHARLES X. 315 

all their acts. The Beau,* the real official and efficient 
observer of all, pretends to no such universal insight 
into the tactics of his enemy as is claimed by this 
subaltern in his own camp.t . . ." 


". . . I shall certainly take your advice and sub- 
scribe to a circulating library ; but I have enough on 
my hands at present with Napier, who rises 'in my 
estimation every page I read of him. His defence of 
poor Moore is perfect. ... I think when I next see 
the portrait of that villain Frere hung up at Holland 
House, I shall not be able to contain myself." 

"Nov. i ;th. 

". . . Sefton said before dinner yesterday : ' So 
Charles Dix J is dead ! ' and scarce an observation 
was made from any quarter upon this event. The 
first year you and I, Barry, were at Knowsley, I saw 
the said Charles Dix with his son and Berri and their 
respective gentlemen, going in two coaches and four 
to Croxteth. They did this for years. When the 
restoration in France took place, there was nothing 
that Charles Dix and his family did not do to show 
their gratitude to the Seftons for past kindness. . . . 
I was present in Arlington Street when the French 
Ambassador brought, by command of Charles Dix, as 
a present to Lady Sefton, his picture, with the prettiest 
note possible, saying it was great vanity in so old a 
man for him to send his picture to a lady, but hoping 
she would receive it as an acknowledgment of all the 
kindness he had received from her. When the last 
Revolution took place in 1830, and Charles Dix came 
here, Sefton shewed me a letter from Sir Arthur 
Paget (who had likewise been a personal friend of 
Charles Dix), saying he considered it his duty to go 
and pay his respects to him, and asking Sefton to 

* The Duke of Wellington. 

t There is some justice in this criticism : at the same time it must 
be remembered that Wellington's despatches were contemporaneous ; 
whereas Napier was writing years afterwards, and with knowledge 
gained from the enemy's secret correspondence. 

J King of France, 


accompany him. Sefton declined, and never did see 
him. I think I can safely say I would not have acted 
thus for all Sefton's property. . . . After all, Sefton 
will die an unhappy man, with all the means the 
world can give him to make himself, and all around 
him, happy." 

5. Marjoribanks, M.P. for Hythe, to Mr. Creevey. 

11 1 am just now moving my quarters in London, 
and I find that I have about 3 dozen of the old East 
India Sherry more than my bin will hold. Will you 
oblige me by accepting it ? 


Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Nov. 24th. 

". . . The Times newspaper had a statement from 

's camp proclaiming his innocence. This is 

replied to by another statement in the Chronicle of 
to-day evidently an official article from the camp of 

Payne and Co., charging distinctly as a cheat, 

as no doubt he is. Even his friend the Pet* gives him 
up and refuses to see him. He has, it is true, some 
little cause of resentment against him, being sure, 

as he tells me, that and Montrond cheated him 

out of ;6ooo the Xmas I met them at Croxteth." 

* Lord Sefton. 

( 317 ) 


Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Jermyn St., Jany. I4th, 1837. 

"... I am caught at last by that infernal influenza. 
It's the most marvellous concern I ever heard of 
nothing but common snivelling and wholesome 
coughing, and yet producing such depression and in- 
capacity as really to be beyond. No appetite, of 

" 20th. 

". . . What a figure Peel makes with his Scotch 
sentiment, his scenery, his young shepherd who was 
so instructive to hear! The poor Spinning Jenny 
has acquired great power both of thinking and speak- 
ing, but his works of fancy betray his origin. They 
are as like his father as ever they can be. I heard the 
father once say : ' I say, Mr. Speaker, Britannia is 
seated on a rock ! ' Here they are, you see, both alike 
in their clumsy capers after sentiment. Only think of 
old Peel and Sheridan ! and yet oh dear, oh dear ! the 
difference of their deaths. I should like to have heard 
old Sherry's comments upon young Peel's speeches. 
... I am happy to say that the mischievous crew 
Sir Wm. Molesworth, Roebuck, my Napier and Co. 
are becoming quite blown upon by their brother 
Radicals, which will be a monstrous relief to the 
Government in the approaching session. . . ." 

" Brooks's, March nth. 

". . . I dined on Sunday at Sefton's to meet 
Brougham, with Denman, Radnor and others. . . . 


Just as we were going away, Brougham took me aside, 
and, to my great surprise, asked me if I would dine 
with him alone as yesterday at 6 o'clock, and that he 
would show me some most curious correspondence of 
George the third. I, of course, expected to be put off 
every day, but no such thing. . . . After dinner, 
Brougham read the correspondence to me till between 
ii and 12 o'clock and I have much more to come. It 
consisted of letters from George the 3rd to Lord 
North as his minister, during the whole of his long 
administration.* Talk of the Creevey papers, my dear ! 
would that they contained these royal letters ! I have 
never seen anything approaching them in interest 
the cleverness of the writer, even in his style his 
tyranny his insight into everything his criticism 
upon every publick parliamentary man his hatred of 
Lord Chatham and Fox, and all such rebellious 
subjects his revenge ; but at the same time and 
throughout, his most consistent and even touching 
affection for Lord North. . . . You would be amused 
to see the effect produced upon the Whig Govern- 
ment by this conduct of Brougham to myself. . . . 
[They are] most desirous for me to make some kind 
of opening between them and Brougham, for there is 
no kind of communication between them, and they 
feel it most unpleasant to see him every night in the 
House of Lords, and never to feel sure whether he 
will pounce upon them or not. Oh dear ! to think of 
the prudent Mr. Thomas being called in to settle such 
matters ! " 

" 1 8th. 

". . . Would you believe it that when Brougham 
was Chancellor he would press the correspondence 
between George the 3rd and Lord North upon our 
William, ... his object being that the King might 
see what a constant and valuable support his father 
gave to his Ministers, and so induce King William to 
do the same ; but all the observation he could get from 
his master was this : ' George the 3rd, my lord, was 
a party man, which I am not in the least.' " 

* Correspondence of George III. with Lord North from 1768 to 
1783, edited by W. Bodham Donne, 1867. 


" Brooks's, April 21. 

"As to poor Mrs. Fitzherbert, I wish, as you say, 
you had some little picture of her. She was the best- 
hearted and most discreet human being that ever was, 
to be without a particle of talent. Finding she was in 
town before Xmas, and dining most days at home with 
Lady Aldborough, Lady Radnor and others, I made 
an attempt to be taken into the same party, but 
entirely failed. Mrs. F. said she had known me 
formerly, but that I had long ceased to call upon her. 
My offence I always felt and knew to be my foul 
language about Prinney when he sought to destroy 
his wife. Mrs. F. might think that my former inter- 
course with him should have restrained this vitupera- 
tion, and that even on her account I shd. have stopt 
my mouth. Poor thing, I dare say she was right ; but 
it was more than flesh and blood could resist not to 
have a blow at such a villain in the perpetration 
of such an act of infamy and oppression. She 
has left her house in town and her jewels to Mrs. 
Darner ; her house at Brighton and everything else 
to Mrs. Jerningham. I remember her telling me 
a great many years ago that she had been offered 
20,000 for her town house. She can have left no 
other property. About a year ago, she deposited all 
her letters and papers of every description in the 
hands of the Duke of Wellington and Lord Albemarle, 
for the purpose of being destroyed by them, as I am 
told they were; but I shall ask Albemarle for an 
account of the transaction. She formerly expressed 
to me great anxiety to have her correspondence 
published after her death talked of having two copies 
made of it for fear of being betrayed by her executors, 
and at one time I almost thought she would have 
given me one of such copies. . . . Now then, attend 
to Albemarle's account just given to me by him as to 
Mrs. Fitzherbert's letters. She gave these letters to 
Lord Albemarle about fifteen years ago, to be kept by 
him till further directions ; her wish being that after 
her death they might be published. Upon the death 
of the late King,* the Duke of Wellington, as his 

* George IV. 


executor, became possessed of all Mrs. Fitzherbert's 
letters, which, singularly enough, had been preserved 
with equal care by Prinney. Mrs. Fitzherbert applied 
to the Duke to have her letters restored to her ; but 
he refused, unless she consented to restore the King's 
letters likewise. This led to a negociation between 
the Duke and Albemarle; and finally it was agreed 
between them, with Mrs. Fitzherbert's concurrence, 
that they should all be burnt, and so they were, at 
Mrs. Fitzherbert's own house, in the presence of her- 
self, the Duke and Albemarle. Oh dear, oh dear! 
that I could not have seen them. They begun in 
1785 and lasted to 1806 one and twenty years. The 
last year 1806 was when the young man fell in love 
with Lady Hertford, and used to cry, as I have often 
seen him do, in Mrs. Fitzherbert's presence. So it 
was high time for their correspondence to cease." 


". . . I must let Albemarle rest for the present. 
His recollections must be full of interesting matter 
from Mrs. Fitzherbert's letters, which, at proper 
seasons, one must endeavour to squeeze out of him. 
Lady Sefton learnt from Darner Dawson * that both 
the houses in London and Brighton were left to 
Minny [Mrs. Dawson-Damer], and 20,000 stock, with 
all the jewels, and half of her plate ; the other half to 
Mrs. Jerningham, to whom she says in her will she 
had given 15,000 during her life. 1000 each to her 
nieces Lady Bathurst and Mrs. Craven, and there are 
annuities to the amount of 1000 a year, to which 
Minny is subject till they drop in. 

" 1 must just mention another species of property 
that our Prinney died possessed of. Perhaps no man, 
Prince or subject, ever left such a wardrobe behind 
him as our George the 4th, and the Duke of Welling- 
ton, as his executor, had to examine all his coat 
pockets, in which he found notes without end, broken 
fans, &c., &c. Now I have not the least doubt that 
what Lord Cowley told Lady Cowley was strictly 
true, viz., that the Duke, in telling this to his brother, 

* The Right Hon. G. Dawson-Damer, father of the 4th Earl of 

1837-38.] DEATH OF WILLIAM IV. 321 

never let him see any one of these notes, or know 
any one of their contents. The letters burnt at Mrs. 
Fitzherbert's were so numerous, that they had to stop 
every now and then, from the excessive heat produced. 
... I dine at our Essex's to-day to meet our ' Clunch ' 
Althorp, now Earl Spencer, and, as I hope, Melbourne. 
... I was much amused at seeing our young Victoria 
playing the popular to her people on the Birthday. 
She passed this house [Brooks's] in state four royal 
carriages and an escort of Horse Guards. The 
mother had judiciously chosen a chariot for herself 
and daughter, so they were both visible to all. The 
young one was rather too short to nod quite above 
the door, but she was always at it as well as she 
could, and the mother looked quite enchanted at her 
daughter's reception." 

" May 2. 

". . . Altho' I had Tavistock * to dinner at Essex's, 
as well as Clunch, f it was no great day in point of 
vivacity. Clunch mutters, and the amiable Tavistock 
is feeble. One thing I heard from Althorp f which I 
never knew for certain before, that when Lord Grey's 
Government came in, one of their first acts was to 
offer Burdett a peerage, which he refused. Having 
known and watched Burdett for nearly 40 years, I 
am perfectly certain that his present hostility to the 
Government is attributable to the jealousy of his 
character. Ever since I have known him, he would 
have no rival ; and the unexpected and successful one 
he has found in Howick has driven him mad. . . . As 
you observe, there is a very general impression that 
Vic is a person with a will of her own." 

On 2oth June King William breathed his last, and 
all eyes were directed upon the maiden who, little as 
statesmen could expect it of her, was destined to 
redeem the Monarchy from the dangerous disfavour 
into which it had been dragged. The circumstances 

* Afterwards 7th Duke of Bedford, 
t The 3rd Earl Spencer. 



of the memorable Accession have been told so often 
that a few quotations only will serve from Creevey's 
abundant references thereto. 

" Brooks's, June 2oth. 

" I cannot resist telling you that our dear little 
Queen in every respect is perfection. I learnt first of 
all from the Duke of Argyll that, all the Privy Coun- 
cillors being assembled round the Council table, the 
Dukes of Cumberland and Sussex went into an adjoin- 
ing room, and conducted the Queen in. She took her 
chair at the head of the table and read her declaration 
in the most perfect manner possible, and with a most 
powerful and charming voice. I have since had all 
the particulars from Tavistock, who had them from 
Melbourne himself. She sent for him at once, and 
begged him to draw up the declaration she ought to 
make ; which of course he did, and everybody says 
it is admirable. She then put herself Entirely in his 
hands in the best possible manner. . . . Poor dear 
King William's last act was signing pardons. Dear 
Lady Sefton has just been crying to me on horseback 
in the street at her early and royal friend dying so 

" July 24th. 

". . . Friday I dined at Rogers's, and thought I 
understood from him that Lady Holland was to be 
my only companion, my lord being picked up by the 
Queen. Instead of that, however, I found in addition 
to Madagascar, Lord and Lady Langdale, the Ameri- 
can Minister (Stevenson) and his lady, Lady Seymour, 
Mrs. Abercromby, Lord Minto, Pow Thompson, Miss 
Rogers and Allen. ... I sat between Lady Langdale 
and Mrs. Abercromby . . . the only drawback to our 
communications was that I presently found we three 
had only three ears between us. 

11 On Saturday I dined at Dulwich ; dinner in the 
picture gallery for 30 a triennial dinner to savants 
and virtuosos. Our artists were Chantrey, Wilson, 
Barry, Wilkie, &c., &c., our Mecaenases, Lansdowne, 

* See vol. ii. p. 212. 

1837-38-] THE YOUNG QUEEN. 323 

Sutherland and Argyll, the latter of whom carried me 
in his barouche poets and wags, Rogers, Sidney 
Smith and Creevey ! . . . Lord Grey . . . says that in 
the House of Lords he actually cried from pleasure at 
the Queen's voice and speech ; and he added that, 
after seeing and hearing three Sovereigns of England, 
the present one surpasses them all easy in every 

"2 9 th. 

f "... A word or two about Vic. She is as much 
idolised as ever, except by the Duchess of Sutherland, 
who received a very proper snub from her two days 
ago. She was half an hour late for dinner, so little 
Vic told her that she hoped it might not happen 
another time ; for, tho' she did not mind in the least 
waiting herself, it was very unpleasant to keep her 
company waiting. One day at dinner Lady Georgiana 
Grey sat next Madame Lutzen, a German who has 
been Vic's governess from her cradle ; and according 
to her there never was so perfect a creature. She 
said that now Vic was at work from morning to 
night ; and that, even when her maid was combing 
out her hair, she was surrounded by official boxes 
and reading official papers." 

Earl of Essex to Mr. Creevey. 

"9, Belgrave Square, 7 Aug., 1837. 


" The Duke of Sussex has at last decided to 
dine here next Saturday the i2th. Therefore I hope 
I shall see you on that day. . . . Lord Munster has 
pleaded in forma pauberis to retain the round Tower 
at Windsor, and I near pays about 1000 a year. 
The Duke of Sussex in the handsomest manner 


possible gave up his claim, and J:he Queen most 
kindly returned the baton to LorcTMunster, who will 
of course vote against us. ... So the Duchess of St. 
Albans is dead, and Lyndhurst married at Paris to 
Lewis Goldsmith's daughter. There are two great 
people amply provided for ! " 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Brooks's, Sept. 6th. 

". . . Lady Tavistock and I had a most confidential 
walk and talk. You have heard me say what a gaby 
she is ; but she is all truth and daylight. She told me 
she was in the second carriage after Vic on Sunday 
at Windsor ; and that the Queen according to her 
custom, being cold in the carriage, had got out to 
walk, and of course all her ladies had to do the same ; 
and the ground being very wet their feet soon got 
into the same state. Poor dear Lady Tavistock, when 
she got back to the Castle, could get at no dry stock- 
ings, her maid being out and her cloathes all locked 
up;. ... I am sure from Lady Tavistock that she 
thinks the Queen a resolute little tit. . . ." 

" Jermyn Street, Sept. 22. 

". . . I have taken to Wellington and his dispatches 
again, and the more I read of him the fonder I am of 
him. He really is in every respect a perfect man. . . . 
Palmerston was very communicative at Stoke as to 
the great merits of the Queen. He said that any 
Ministers who had to deal with her would soon find 
she was no ordinary person ; and when Lady Sefton 
observed what credit it did the Duchess of Kent to 
have made her what she was, Palmerston said the 
Duchess of Kent had every kind of merit, but that the 
Queen had an understanding of her own that could 
have been made by no one. . . . Lady Charlempnt 
succeeded Lady Tavistock the other day [in waiting 
at Windsor]. She is very, very blue, and asked Lady 
T. if she might take any books out of the library. ' Oh 
yes, my dear,' said Lady Tavistock, not knowing what 
reading means, 'as many as you like;' upon which 

1837-38.] BRIGHTON REVISITED. 325 

Lady Charlemont swept away a whole row, and was 
carrying them away in her apron. Passing thro' the 
gallery in this state, whom should she meet but little 
Vic ! Great was her perturbation, for in the first place 
a low curtsy was necessary, and what was to come 
of the books, for they must curtsy too. Then to be 
found with all this property within the first half hour 
of her coming, and before even she had seen Vic ! . . . 
But Vic was very much amused with the thing alto- 
gether, laughed heartily and was as good humoured 
as ever she could be. . . ." 

" Brighton, Oct. 9th. 

". . . Now for Brighton! Barry, my dear, it is 
detestable : the crowd of unknown human beings is not 
to be endured. . . . Whether it is a natural sentiment 
or not, I don't know, or whether I mistake ennui for 
it, but I have a strong touch of melancholy in com- 
paring Brighton of the present with times gone by. 
Death has made great havoc in a very short time with 
our Royalties of the Pavilion Prinney and ' brother 
William,' Duke of York and Duke of Kent, all gone, 
and all represented now by little Vic only. Is it not 
highly dramatic that the Duke of Kent should have 
announced to me in 1818, upon Princess Charlotte's 
death, that he was going to marry for the succession, 
and named his bride to me ; and here she is, with the 
successor by her side, and what is to become of her, 
or how she is to turn out, who shall say? 

". . . In talking to Lady Cowper of Lord Melbourne, 
and, as I suppose, of his health, Vic said : ' He eats 
too much, and I often tell him so. Indeed I do so 
myself, and my doctor has ordered me not to eat 
luncheon any more.' ' And does your Majesty quite 
obey him ? ' asked Lady Cowper. ' Why yes, I think 
I do,' said Vic, 'for I only eat a little broth.' Now I 
think a little Queen taking care of her Prime Minister's 
stomach, he being nearly sixty, is everything one could 
wish ! If the Tory press could get hold of this fact, 
what fun they would make of it. ... The Duchess of 
Kent plays whist every night, and a horrible player 
she is. Vicky, I am happy to say, always plays chess 
with Melbourne when he is there." 


"Brighton, Oct. 13th. 

". . . Yesterday Lady Sefton, her two eldest 
daughters and myself, sallied forth in the yellow 
coach to dine with the Queen at our own old Pavilion. 
Lord Headfort, a chattering, capering, spindle-shanked 
gaby, was in waiting, and handed Lady Sefton into 
the drawing-room, where I was glad to see Glenelg, 
and besides him were Tom Bland and a Portuguese 
diplomat, as black in the face as one's hat, but with a 
star on his stomach, I assure you ! Presently Head- 
fort was summoned away, and on his return he came 
up to me with his antics and said : ' Mr. Creevey, you 
are to sit on the Duchess of Kent's right hand at 
dinner.' Oh, the fright I was in about my right ear ! 
. . . Here comes in the Queen, the Duchess of Kent 
the least bit in the world behind her, all her ladies in 
a row still more behind ; Lord Conyngham and Caven- 
dish on each flank of the Queen. . . . She was told by 
Lord Conyngham that I had not been presented, upon 
which a scene took place that to me was truly dis- 
tressing. The poor little thing could not get her glove 
off. I never was so annoyed in my life; yet what 
could I do? but she blushed and laughed and pulled, 
till the thing was done, and I kissed her hand. . . . 
Then to dinner. . . . The Duchess of Kent was agree- 
able and chatty, and she said : ' Shall we drink some 
wine?' My eyes, however, all the while were fixed 
upon Vic. To mitigate the harshness of any criticism 
I may pronounce upon her manners, let me express 
my conviction that she and her mother are one. I 
never saw a more pretty or natural devotion than she 
shows to her mother in everything, and I reckon this 
as by far the most amiable, as well as valuable, dis- 
position to start with in the fearful struggle she has 
in life before her. Now for her appearance but all 
in the strictest confidence. A more homely little being 
you never beheld, when she is at her ease, and she is 
evidently dying to be always more so. She laughs in 
real earnest, opening her mouth as wide as it can go, 
showing not very pretty gums. . . . She eats quite as 
heartily as she laughs, I think I may say she gobbles. 
. . . She blushes and laughs every instant in so natural 
a way as to disarm anybody. Her voice is perfect, and 


t,rrf>if/l t 


so is the expression of her face, when she means to say 
or do a pretty thing. ... At night I played two rubbers 
of whist, one against the Duchess of Kent, and one as 
her partner. . . . The Queen, in leaving the room at 
night, came across o,uite up to me, and said : ' How 
long do you stay at Brighton, Mr. Creevey ? ' Which 
I presume could mean nothing else than another 
rubber for her mother. So it's all mighty well." 

Countess Grey to Mr. Creevey. 

" Howick, Oct. loth. 

"... I hope you are amused at the report of Lord 
Melbourne being likely to marry the Queen. For my 
part I have no objection. I am inclined to be very 
loyal and fond of her ; she seems to be so considerate 
and good-natured, and I am particularly pleased with 
her just now for having sent to desire Caroline * to 
bring her little girl with her when she is to be in 

Marquess Wellesley to Mr. Creevey. 

"Hurlingham House, Fulham, Oct. 28th, 1837. 


"In returning my grateful thanks for your 
very kind congratulations,! I trust you will believe 
that I fully appreciate their value. You are not of 
that sect of philologists who hold the use of language 
to be the concealment of thought, nor of that tribe of 
thinkers whose thoughts require concealment. You 
would not congratulate me on the accession of any 
false honor, the result of prejudice or error or of the 
passionate caprice of party, or of idle vanity, or of any 
transient effusion of the folly of the present hour ; but 
you think the deliberate approbation of my Govern- 
ment in India declared by the Court of Directors (after 
the lapse of thirty years after full experience of con- 
sequences and results, and after full knowledge of all 

* Lady Caroline Barrington, Lady Grey's daughter. 

f The East India Company, with whom Wellesley had been at sore 
issue in the early years of the century, had just voted ,20,000 to purchase 
an annuity for him. 


my motives, objects and principles) a just cause of 
satisfaction to me. ... In truth they have awarded 
to me an inestimable meed of honor, which has healed 
much deep sorrow, and which will render the close of 
a long public life not only tranquil and happy, but 
bright and glorious. . . . Our friend Sir John Harvey 
most appropriately has been dubbed a Governor. 
What wisdom in those who made the appointment ! 
1 II est du bois dont on fait les gouverneurs.' He was 
certainly born 'your Excellency.' I think I see him 
strutting up to his petty throne, preceded by Harry 
Grey, Ellice, Shaw, Carnac, &c., with his stomach doubly 
embroidered ; condescending to let an occasional foul 
pun now and then with majestic benignity." 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

"Jermyn St., Nov. 3. 

" Both Melbourne and Lord and Lady John Russell 
wanted much to know from the Seftons how it was 
that I had amused the Duchess of Kent. The only 
solution I can offer is this. By common consent, the 
Royal evenings are the dullest possible, and no one 
presumes to attempt to make them livelier. The 
Duchess of Kent is supposed to play at cards to keep 
herself awake scarcely ever with success. I can 
imagine, therefore, a little running fire of a wag 
tickling her ears at the time, and leaving a little 
deposit on her memory. I know no other ground on 
which I can build my fame. . . . Just let me mention 
that the Sir John Harvey, mentioned in Wellesley's 
letter as the new governor of Prince Edward's Island, 
was at the head of the police when I was in Dublin, 
and I met him at dinner at the Lord Lieut's [Wellesley] 
a large, handsome man, but by far the most vulgar 
would-be gentleman you ever beheld, extremely 
dressy withal, and my lord always remembered my 
asking ' Who was the gentleman with the em- 
broidered stomach ? ' ' 

" Jermyn St., Nov. loth. 

" Let me see ; where am I to begin with my past 
movements. Suppose I say Sunday last, when I was 


told by Stephenson that the Duke of Sussex desired 
particularly that I would dine with him ; so I was 
obliged to excuse myself to my Essex, where I was 
engaged to meet Sydney Smith. I have yet to learn 
why I was so specially summoned by little Sussex, as 
there were only his household Ciss * and the men 
with Charley Gore and me, and nothing said worth 
remembering. . . . Monday at Essex's, with the ac- 
customed sprinkling of artists, which I am quite 
accustomed to, and indeed like. Tuesday at Charles 
Fox's, Addison Road no joke as to distance; 8 
shillings coach hire out and back, besides turnpikes ! 
The company Madagascar,! Allen, Babbage the 
philosopher, Hamick (Lord Grey's doctor and 
baronet), Van de Weyer, Belgian Minister, Hed- 
worth LambtonJ a nd wife, an unknown man, and 
Melbourne. ... In the evening we had the bride, 
Lady Winchilsea, of whom I had heard so much ; 
she certainly did appear to me as beautiful a woman 
as I had ever seen. Wednesday at Powell's : com- 
pany - Duke of Norfolk, Albemarle, old Billy 
Russell,|| Stephenson Blount and myself. 


"... I dined on this day week at Brougham's a 
duet ; and a more artificial chap I never had to do 
with ; except, indeed, that his temper not infrequently 
betrayed him, and shewed him in a state of the most 
spiteful insurrection against the present Govt. You 
see he is distinctly shewing his teeth in the Lords, 
and will fasten them on the Government before he is 
a few days older. I quite approve of what he has 
already said there, tho' not of his spiteful motives in 
doing it." 

* The Duke of Sussex's wife, Lady Cecilia Buggin, afterwards 
created Duchess of Inverness. 

t Lady Holland. 

^ Younger brother of the ist Earl of Durham. 

Daughter of the Right Hon. Sir Charles Bagot. 

|| Lord William Russell, son of the 4th Duke of Bedford : murdered 
by his valet, 1840. 


" Dec. 4th. 

"... I met Hayter one day this week at Lord 
Essex's, and asked him to tell me anything new about 
the little Queen. He said she was quite as amiable 
and kind and lively as ever. He has got on a good 
way with the State picture he is making of her. She 
said to him the other day : ' I am very curious to 
know how you mean to place my hands. Just take 
them and place them as you intend in the picture/ 
A very delicate commission to execute, as Hayter 
observed ; but he did so ; and then the Queen turned 
to Lady Mulgrave and said : ' I have often thought, 
if I had to paint a Queen, how I would place her 
hands ; and, curiously enough, this is the very position 
I had hit on.' " 

". . . Cutlar Ferguson * is most enthusiastic about 
the Queen. He has had to lay before her about 
twenty Courts Martial only think of such a subject 
for a girl of 18! After seeing the Judge Advocate, 
she is closeted with the Commander-in-chief, Lord 
Hill, upon the same matter ; and Ferguson tells me 
that both Lord Hill and himself are lost in astonish- 
ment at the manner in which she makes herself under- 
stand these matters. Ferguson dined at the palace a 
few nights ago one of the fog nights so that when 
he arrived he found to his horror that the Queen had 
been at dinner 20 minutes. When he was about to 
take the opportunity after dinner of apologising for 
being so late, the Queen begun first by saying : ' I 
said before dinner, I am sure Mr. Ferguson is stopt 
in the Park by the fog.' Is she not a handy little 
Vic?. ." 

Lady Louisa Molyneux to Mr. Creevey. 

"Arlington St., Dec. 26, 1837. 

". . . Punch Greville is at present our best re- 
source, and Poodle Byng now and then drops in, it 
would be ungrateful to say, without contributing 

* Judge Advocate General. 

IS37-38.J HOLKHAM. 33 1 

much to our amusement. We have been tempted to- 
day to go to the Magnetism a most disagreeable 
sight ; but nobody can persuade me it is a sham. Its 
utility may be a question, but it is impossible to see 
the poor people of all ages some quite children out 
of the hospitals under the influence, and suppose 
they have been taught to impose upon you. The 
best part of the entertainment was Lady Aldborough 
in an opera hat, large diamond ear-rings, and rouged 
up to the eyes, trying to put the operator out of 
countenance by her noisy questions, and bouncing 
out of the room, declaring disbelief in the whole 
thing. . . ." 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Holkham, Dec. 29th. 

". . . I had this cold on me before I left London ; 
it did not, however, prevent me from dancing down 
twenty-five couples in a country dance last night 
my partner, Dowager Anson. It was the usual Xmas 
ball for servants in the audit room. . . . The Earl of 
Leicester, aged 85, opened the ball. He is a mar- 
vellous man, but I think he is going out, tho' he burns 
as bright as bright to the last.* Ellice was a real 
treasure to me during our two days' journey down 
here. No one is more mixed up with passing events 
in the world than he is. He hears daily from Mel- 
bourne, and I know to a turn the present rickety 
nature of poor Melbourne's cabinet." 

" Holkham, Jany. 3rd, 1838. 

". . . The worst thing of all for the Government is 
this. Aber, even our own Aber,t won't stand any 
longer being given up to be devoured by the dogs of 
the House of Commons, and no Ministers of the Crown 
to protect him. I saw from the first, when he was left 
unprotected, and when he made his pathetic and most 
unsuccessful appeal to the House to rally round him, 
that he was done. Of all the mistakes John Russell 

* He died in 1842, outliving Creevey by four years. 
1 f The Speaker. 


has made, and they have been numerous, this is the 
greatest, and in my opinion it is irreparable. It is the 
first instance in the history of the House of Commons 
of the Speaker being publickly worried by its members 
and the Government to sit by and take no part. . . . 
Then, alas ! tho' last, not least, ... in truth little Vic 
and her mother are not one, tho' Melbourne knows of 
no other cause of this disunion than Conroy, whom 
the Duchess of Kent sees still almost daily, and for a 
long time together. Melbourne speaks of the young 
one with the same enthusiasm as ever, and has the 
highest opinion possible of her understanding. The 
part she at present plays is putting herself unre- 
servedly into the exclusive management of Melbourne, 
without apparently thinking of any one else. This, 
at all events, must be a great relief and support to 
him, whilst it lasts. In the midst of one's croaking, 
there is another source of consolation that the 
Tories never appeared in a more forlorn and shattered 
condition, or less likely to turn all our blunders to 
their own advantage. . . . Lord Leicester shoots daily ; 
amongst other companions and competitors are his 
3 sons. The eldest, Lord Coke,*, aged 15, on Xmas 
Day shot 5 woodcock, and always shoots from 30 to 
40 head daily." 

"Jermyn Street, i;th. 

"You see, my dear, that towards the end of last 
week our Ellice received a dispatch from Lord Durham 
saying he had accepted the mission to Canada, but 
that he could do nothing without Ellice. So we left 
Holkham on Saturday. . . . My companion continued 
to the last as communicative as ever. . . . Lord 
Leicester is a marvellous man in everything, but 
above all in his clear and perspicuous telling of 
stories, of which he has great abundance. I was 
much amused one day when he was driving me, upon 
Lady Holland's name being mentioned, he said to 
me : ' I hope we shall find Charles Fox and Charlie 
Gore when we get home. I am very fond of Charles 
Fox, and particularly of Lady Mary.' I remarked 
that I had never heard of Lord Holland being at 

* The present Earl of Leicester. 


Holkham, and yet that of course he must have been. 
'No/ said he, 'his uncle Charles used to live here, 
and I have often asked Lord Holland, but of course 
he would not come without Lady Holland, and it was 
quite out of the question my asking her. I dine at 
Lord Holland's now and then. When I do so, I am 
as attentive as I ought to be to Lady Holland, and 
there is no kind of flattery she does not apply to me ; 
but it won't do ! She is not a woman I approve of at all. 
I am only surprised that so many people have been 
bullied by her to letting her into their houses. For 
myself, I have always made up my mind that she 
should never enter mine.' Bravo ! King Tom. What 
a charming subject to plague her with the first time 
she gives me any offence. . . . Certain it is that this 
Holkham is by far the greatest curiosity in England." 

Lady Louisa Molyneux to Mr. Creevey. 

"Arlington St., Jan. i;th, 1838. 

". . . Papa has found some amusement in a book 
that occupies everybody now more, it appears, from 
its atrocity than from any merit it has Memoires et 
correspondence of Queen Caroline, edited by Lady 
Charlotte Bury, in which there are so many bad 
stories ill told, and so many personal remarks on 
living people, that I cannot imagine anybody ever 
speaking to her again. Her name is not to the book, 
but everybody knows it is hers. 

" Poodle Byng, &c., have tried, it seems, rather a 
dangerous experiment with the [new] House of 
Commons, by which they lighted it so brilliantly 
that you could read the smallest print ; and if you 
held a candle to the paper it added no light to the 
dazzling glare, which came from 5000 apertures in 
gas-pipes between the roofs, where the thermometer 
was at 1 20, and kept rising! They had fire engines 
in attendance, and a hose laid along every gas-pipe 
for fear of accidents ; but they will not venture to try 
it again. . . . Think of Lord r oley having sold Witley 
to Ld. Ward * for 890,000! He was some little time 

* Created Earl of Dudley in 1860. 


in making up his mind to part with the place they 
were all so fond of; but he will now have 19,000 a 
year without any debt, instead of being the wretched 
impoverished man he was.* I have had a letter from 
Alava, who says of Sir John Colbornef : ' J'ai grande 
confiance dans Colborne officier du premier ordre, 
tres aime et tres estime tant de Sir J. Moore comme 
du Due de Wellington, et quel bel eloge ! II est non 
seulement excellent militaire, mais qualifie pour toute 
espece de commandement, et d'une moralite et probite 
dignes d'autres temps.' 

" The burning of the Royal Exchange has put the 
City in great dismay. They are very quiet, and were 
to give 16,000 this morning at 9 o'clock for a house 
in Lombard Street, to go on with at present, and meet 
there at twelve. I hope the poor bells chiming their 
death song brought tears into your eyes." 

Mr. Creevey to Miss Ord. 

" Jermyn St., 2;th. 

"... I have really been so disturbed in my mind 
by this Canada Bill that I could not write till its fate 
was decided. I am at a loss for words to express my 
contempt for the Government in the endless bungling 
they have made on this occasion. Never was there 
such a piece of luck for them as the Canada rebellion, 
its speedy reduction, and, above all, the opportunity 
it afforded of considering past errors and making a 
wise and just arrangement for the future. All man- 
kind was with them upon this subject ; but some 
maniac or demon in their counsels would mar all 
these advantages by the manner or form of their Bill 
of Redress. I said from the first that every word 
uttered by Peel was gospel, and that nothing was left 
for the Government but to go down on their marrow- 
bones and to withdraw the gratuitous, useless and 
unconstitutional parts of their own Bill. To think, 
too, of their volunteering Glenelg's instructions to 
Durham. . . . Well, but now let me have done with 

* See vol. ii. p. 253. 

t Created Lord Seaton in 1839. Was Lieutenant- Governor of 
Lower Canada. 

1837-38-] WHERE SHALL I GO NEXT? 335 

this disgusting hash, and where shall I go next? 
Why, to Earl Durham himself, I think, with whom I 
dined at the Duke of Norfolk's on Tuesday, and no 
one could be more affable and conciliatory than our 
Canada chief. He had seen the Queen that morning, 
and I made him describe the meeting. After being 

Presented by Glenelg, the Queen made a sign to the 
itter to withdraw, and then some conversation took 
place between the Queen and her Ambassador, in 
which the latter [Durham] expressed his earnest 
hopes that he might enjoy her Majesty's permission 
to extend her clemency in any degree towards her 
revolted Canadian subjects. This she accorded in 
the fullest and most gracious manner. Durham was 
full of her praises of her sense and excellent 
manners, but he admitted to me that neither on that 
occasion nor any other did she utter a word to him 
on what we call politics. 

" A propos to our little Vic we are all enchanted 
with her for her munificence to the Fitzclarences. Be- 
sides their pensions out of the public pension list, they 
had nearly 10,000 a year given them by their father * 
out of his privy purse, every farthing of which the 
Queen continues out of her privy purse, with quanti- 
ties of other such things. For an instance within my 
own knowledge Sir John Lade, a very rich man, 
and once the greatest crony of George the 4th when 
Prince of Wales, was reduced to beggary at last by 
having kept such good company ; so much so, that 
Lord Anglesey, who had lived with both, went to 
our Prinney t and actually made him give Lade 500 
a year out of his privy purse. When brother William 
came to the throne, he continued 300 a year to Lade 
out of his privy purse ; but upon the accession of 
Vic it was supposed there would be an end of it 
altogether. As poor Lade was a brother whip and 
crony of Sefton, I saw letters from him imploring 
Sefton's interest with Melbourne for a continuance of 
a portion of this pension, however small ; but Mel- 
bourne in reply, however friendly he might be, could 
hold out no prospect of relief for him. Think, there- 
fore, of me being the first to tell Sefton last night 

* William IV. t George IV. 


what Melbourne told me in the course of the day. 
The Queen's pleasure had been taken as to the further 
reduction or extinction of this charge upon the privy 
purse, when she asked if Sir John Lade was not above 
80 years of age, and being answered in the affirmative, 
she said she would neither have the pension enquired 
into nor reduced, but continued on her own privy 
purse. ... I wish that conceited puppy Howick * 
had resigned and absconded from the Cabinet when 
he announced his intention to Ellice at Holkham to 
do so. It is quite clear that all this mischief has 
arisen from his obstinacy and the foolish attempt of 
his colleagues to satisfy or pacify him ; and the latter 
object seems to have been accomplished at the ex- 
pense and to the eternal disgrace, I fear, of his 

Here the letters suddenly cease. These lines 
must have been among the last from Mr. Creevey's 
industrious pen, and lend a peculiar significance to 
the enquiry contained in them " Where shall I go 
next?" Of the manner of his death or of those who 
tended him in his last illness, nothing is known. He 
died on 5th February, 1838, wanting but two or three 
weeks to complete his seventieth year, and was 
buried in Greenwich Hospital. 

* Afterwards 3rd Earl Grey. 


The figures in italics refer to the notes only. 

Abbot, Charles, Speaker, i. 4, 298 ; 
ii. 70 ; on Peel's first speech, *. 
122 ; created Lord Colchester, i. 262 

Abercorn, Duke of, i. 310 

Abercromby, M.P. for Edinburgh, i. 

Abercromby, Hon. James (created 
Lord Dunfermline), Speaker, i. 36, 
113, 120, 121, 128, 191, 247, 336; 
ii. 37, 120, 148, 276, 309, 331 ; 
"factious and violent," i. 217; 
christened " Young Cole " by 
Brougham, *. 327 ; Brougham's 
fellow-counsellor, ii. 2 ; " my 
Scotch master, Jemmy," ii. 259 ; 
appointed to the Mint, ii. 279 ; Grey 
on, ii. 296 ; Creevey's "old and tried 
friend," ii. 312 

Abercromby, Hon. Mrs. James, ii. 
309 312, 322 

Abercromby, Sir Ralph, Commander 
of the Army in Egypt, i. 48 

Aberdeen, George, 4th Earl of, ;'. 172 

Abinger, Lord (Sir James Scarlett), 
Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, 
i. 12 ; ii. 2, 56, 115, 148, 226, 298, 
301, 310, 312 

Abisbal, General (Spain), ii. 74 

Acheson, Lord (afterwards Earl of 
Gosford), ii. 191 

Adair, Sir Robert (the target of 
Canning's satire), i. 22 ; ii. 6, 148, 
154, 211, 312 

Adam, Rt. Hon. William, Attorney- 
General to the Prince of Wales 
and Lord Chief Commissioner to 
the Scottish Jury Court, i. 39, 107, 
213, 253 


Addington, Rt. Hon. Henry. See 
Sidmouth, Viscount 

Adelaide, Queen, ii. 83, 216, 217, 
224, 262 ; her dislike of Duchess 
of Kent, ii. 238 ; at Olivia de Ros' 
wedding, ii. 263 ; her antipathy to 
the Whigs, ii. 298 ; her fixed impres- 
sion, ii. 300 

Adkin, Tom, i. 99 

Adour, Congreve rockets at the 
passage of the, i. 147 

Age^ the, ii. 96, 200 

Agricultural depression, ii. 55, 94, 


Alava, Representative of Spain -at 
Bourbon Court, i. 277, 279, 289 ; 

ii. 53, 102, 226, 236, 263, 307 

(iiee Hun- 
loke), ii. 33 

Albemarle, Countess of 

Albemarle, George, 3rd Earl of, ii. 33 

Albemarle, William, 4th Earl of, i. 
162, 336 ; ii. 6, 97, 224, 329 ; a 
saying of William IV., ii. 226; the 
King and the Reform Bill, ii. 244 ; 
Mrs. Fitzherbert's letters, ii. 319, 

Albuera, i. 185 

Aldborough, Lady, i. 281 ; ii. 319, 


Aldborough, Suffolk, ii. 227 

Aldborough, Yorkshire, ii. 227 

Alexander, Master in Chancery, ii. 68 

Alexander 1., Emperor of Russia, 

offers mediation between England 

and France, i. 15 ; his visit to 

London, i. 187, 194 ; a favourite 

with the Whigs, i. 191 ; Napoleon 

on King of Prussia and, i. 196 ; a re- 

monstrance, ii. 4 ; Lord Holland's 

peace-offering, ii. 15 ; the revolution 



in Spain, ii. 53 ; Lady London- 
derry's transfer, ii. 58 

" All the Talents " Ministry, formed 
by Grenville, i. 40, 42, 75, 81, 84 

Allen, M.D., John, i. 260, 264; ii. 
39, 155, 156, 322, 329 

Allen, Lord, ii. 288, 312, 314 

Allies, in Paris, i. 187 ; in Belgium, 
i. 218 

Almeida, i. 88 

Alten, General Sir Charles, i. 222, 

Althorp, Viscount (3rd Earl of 
Spencer), "Chinch," i. 156, 264; 
ii. 47, 71, 120, 216, 246, 249, 255, 
260, 297 ; candidate for Cambridge, 
i. 75-77 ; his motion about Prince 
of Wales' outfit, i. 216 ; letter to 
Creevey, ii. 17 ; his first budget as 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, ii. 
218, 221 ; Stanley's obstinacy about 
Irish tithes, ii. 252 ; the scene 
between Durham and Grey, ii. 
265 ; resigns on Coercion Bill, ii. 
282, 283 ; remains in office, ii. 284 ; 
succeeds to Earldom, ii. 295, 296, 

Alvanley, Lord, ii. 59, 129, 167 ; 
challenges O'Connell, ii. 304 

Amelia, Princess, her illness and 
death, i. 98, 13$ 

America, war with, i. 164, 166-173 ; 
peace, i. 211, 212 

Amherst, Lord, i. 337 

Amiens, treaty of, i. 10 

Andover, Viscountess (afterwards 
LadyDigby), ii. 36, 1 12 

Andrews, Miles Peter, i. 63 

Anglesey, Marchioness of, ii. 181, 1 88 

Anglesey, Marquess of, ii. 162, 181, 
1 88, 231 ; recalled by Wellington 
from Lord Lieutenancy of Ireland, 
ii. 174, 193-195 ; his proclamation 
against Catholic meetings, ii. 177 ; 
his view of Ireland, ii. 182 ; his leg's 
grave at Vittoria, ii. 189; Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland again, ii. 
265 ; and Sir John Lade, ii. 335 

Angouleme, Duchess of, i. 246 

Annual Register, i. 339 ; ii. 84 

Anson, George, ii. 74, 214, 254 

Anson, Hon. Mrs. George (nee 
Forester), ii. 214, 254 

Anson, Lady, ii. 35, 36, 80, 331 ; 
letter to Creevey on the battue at 
Holkham, ii. 52 

Antalda, Marquis of, ii. 14 

Antrim, Countess of, /'. 18 

Antrim, Randal, 4th Earl of, /. 18 

Antrim, Alexander, 5th Earl of, i. 18 

Appleby, Creevey M.P. for, i. 298 

Arbuthnot, ii. 121 

Arbuthnot, Mrs., ii. 286 

Argyll, Duke of, ii. 226, 241, 322, 


Armstrong, Colonel, ii. 289, 290 
Arran, Earl of, ii. 243 
Arundel, Earl of (afterwards I3th 

Duke of Norfolk), i. 245 
Ashley, Lady Emily (nee Cowper), 

ii. 198 

Ashton, Mr., i. 170, 171 
Assaye, battle of, ii. 152 
Athol, James, 2nd Duke of, /'. 38 
Athol, John, 3rd Duke of, *. 37 
Athol, John, 4th Duke of, i. 38, 336 ; 


Auckland, William, 1st Lord, i. 114 

Auckland, George, 2nd Lord, i. 114, 
I2O ; ii. 2, 95, 114, 281 ; appointed 
by Grey First Lord of the Ad- 
miralty, ii. 276-278; his hand 
forced by Brougham, ii. 283 

Audley, Lord, i. 337 

Augusta, Princess, ii. 262 

Austerlitz, battle of, i. 44, 45, 49 

Austin, Mr., i. 302 

Austria, i. 213, 218; ii. 140 

Austria, Prussia, and England v. 
France, i. 44 


Babbage, ii. 329 

Bacon, Lady Charlotte, ii. 60. 

Bacourt, M. de, ii. 270 

Badajos, siege of, i. 145 

Baden, Princess of, i. 270 

Bagot, Lord, i. 337 

Bagot, Rt. Hon. Sir Charles, exe- 
cutor of Queen Caroline's will, ii. 
25, 829 

Baillie, Dr., i. 245, 266 

Baird, Sir David, i. 172 

Balfour of Balbirnie, Miss Katherine 
(Mrs. Edward Ellice), ii. 273 

Ballisteros, General (Spain), ii. 74 

Bamfyld, Sir Charles, i. 47 

Bank Note Bill, i. 145, 146, 162 

Bank of England, suspension of cash 
payments by, i. 292 

Bankes, Mr., i. 136, 161, 272 ; ii. 12, 

34, IS 6 

Bankhead, Dr., ii. 44 
Barham, Mrs., i. 18 



Baring, Alexander, ii. II, 55, 90, 244 

Barnard, Lord, i. 122 

Barnes, Editor of the Times, ii. 237, 

Barnes, General Sir Edward, Ad- 
jutant-General, i. 224, 225, 230, 
231, 238, 277, 279, 282, 283, 285 ; 
ii. 46, 220 ; wounded at Waterloo, 
i. 234, 235 ; on Lord Hill, i. 278 

Barras, i. 6 

Barrington, Lady Caroline (nee Grey), 
ii. 327 

Barry, Sir Charles, ii. 322 

Barrymore, Lord, i. 78 

Barthelemy, M., the banker, i. 7 

Bath, Marquess of, i. 337 ; ii. 73 

Bathurst, Countess, i. 324 ; ii. 320 

Bathurst, Earl, Secretary of State for 
War and the Colonies, i. 165, 214, 
273, 324; ii. 10, 27, 112, 113, 117 

Bathurst, Lady Georgiana, ii. 154 

Bathurst, Rt. Hon. Sir Charles 
Bragge, President of Board of Con- 
trol, and Chancellor of the Duchy 
of Lancaster, i. 114, 165 ; ii. 10, 12 

Bathurst, Seymour, i. 335 

jBattue, an early example of the prac- 
tice, ii. 51, 52 

Beauchamp, Earl and Countess, ii. 


Beauclerk, Lord H., i. 190 
Beauclerk, Mrs., i. 181 
Beaufort, Duchess of, i. 324 
Beaufort, Duke of, i. 324 ; ii. 101, 165 
Beauharnais, Viscount, i. 6 
Beaumont, Marquis of, ii. 3 
Bedford, Duchess of, ii. 275, 303 
Bedford John, 4th Duke of, ii. 329 
Bedford, Francis, 5th Duke of, ii. 109 
Bedford, John, 6th Duke of, i. 22, 94, 

99, in, 121, 308, 317; ii. 150, 

I S5 2 7S 2 97 on parliamentary 

reform, i. 95 
Bedford, Francis, 7th Duke of. Set 

Tavistock, Marquis of 
Bedlam, ii. 79 
Belfast, Lady, ii. 97 
Belfast, Lord, ii. 97, 107 
Belgrave, Lady Elizabeth, ii. 48 
Belgrave, Lord, ii. 48 
Belhaven, Lady, i. 309 
Bellamy, Mr., ii. 50 
Bellew, Mr., ii. 179 
Bellingham, Mr. Perceval's murderer, 

*. 145 
Bennet, Hon. IT. G., i. 156, 159, 305, 

36, 3!9> 329 ; 2, 29, 34, 64, 71 ; 

Creevey on, i. 36 j his letters to 

Creevey, i. 185, 187, 191, 194, 211, 
213, 215, 240, 256, 264, 294; his 
wife's veto, i. 210 ; " this is scanda- 
lous," i. 342 

Bennet, Hon. Mrs. H. G. (nte Rus- 
sell), i. 210, 296 

Bentham, ii. 51 

Bentinck, Lord George, ii. 100 

Benvenuto Cellini, Roscoe's Life of, 
ii. 163 

Berenger, de, *. 203 

Beresford, General, at Albuera, i. 185 

Beresford, Lord, ii. 126 

Beresford, Rt. Hon. John, Chair- 
man of the Revenue Board of 
Ireland, i. 42 

Bergami, Bartolommeo, Queen Caro- 
line's courier, i. 301, 312, 322, 324, 
331, 335 ; ii. 24, 73 

Bergami, Victorine, ii. 24 

Berkeley, Admiral Sir Maurice Frede- 
rick (afterwards Lord Fitzhardinge), 
i. 147 ; ii. 185, 188 

Berkeley, Captain, ii. 81 

Berkeley, Hon. , i. 247 

Berkeley, Lady, i. 49 

Berkeley, Lady Charlotte (n<?e Gor- 
don-Lennox), ii. 185 

Berkeley, Thomas, 6th Earl of, i. 67 

Berri, Due de, i. 223, 225 

Berri, Duchesse de, ii. 252 

Berry, Miss, ii. 255 

Berthier, General, i. 5, 225 

Bertrand, M., ii. 26 

Bessborough, Frederick, 3rd Earl of, 
i. 62, 254 ; ii. no, 171 

Bessborough, John, 4th Earl of. See 
Duncannon, Lord 

Bessborough, John, 5th Earl of, ii. 

Bessborough, Lady, i. 62 

Bessborough Estates, Ireland, ii. 171 

Bettesworth, R.N., Captain, ii. 273 

Bexley, Lord. See Vansittart, N. 

Bickersteth, ii. 303 

Bingham, General, ii. 259 

Binning, Lord, i. 206 

Birch, Mr., ii. 213 

Black, Sergeant, ii. no 

Blackburne, John, M.P. for Lan- 
cashire, ii. 94 

Blackwood, Mrs. (iiee Sheridan), 
afterwards Lady Dufferin, lastly 
Countess of Gifford, /. 39 

Blake, Mr., ii. 169 

Bland, Thomas, ii. 326 

Blaquiere, M., ii. 61 
, T31essington, Lady, ii. 86, 288 



Blessington, Lord, ii. 288 
Blomfield, C. J., Bishop of London, 


Bloomfield, Lieut. -General Sir Ben- 
jamin (afterwards Lord), George 
IV. 's Private Secretary, etc., i. 66, 
68, 73, 150; ii. 26, 31, 58; 
British Minister at Stockholm, ii. 
43 ; "ruined from that moment," 
ii. 105 

Bloomfield, son of above, ii. 58 

Blount, Stephenson, ii. 329 

Blucher, his likeness to Lord Grey, 
i. 196 ; Wellington and, i. 228 ; his 
reported defeat by Napoleon, i. 
231 ; at Ligny, i. 236 ; at Laon, i. 

Bolton, Judge, ii. 45 

Borghese, Pauline, Princess, ii. 26, 


Borgo, Pozzo di, ii. 307 
Boston, Lord, ii. 97 
Bould, Miss, ii. 47 
Boulton, Mr., i. 171 
Bourmont, General, deserts to Blucher 

at Waterloo, ii. 202, 252 
Bourrienne, M., Life of Napoleon y ii. 

202, 203, 207 
Bouverie, Mrs., i. 13, 82 
Bowes- Daly, i. 128 
Boyce, a Protestant squire of Wex- 

ford, ii. 183 

Boyd, Benfield and Co., i. 35, 37 
Boyle, Lady Augusta (afterwards 

FitzClarence), ii. 300 
Bradshaw, Mr., i. ill 
Brand, Tom (22nd Lord Dacre), ii. 

Brandling, M.P. for Newcastle-on- 

Tyne, i. 23 

Brandling, Charles, i. 108 
Brandling, Miss Fanny, ii. 210, 278, 


Brandling, Ralph, i. 109 
Brandling, William, ii. 278 
Brandon, Lady, ii. 1 60 
Brandon, Rev. Wm. Crosbie, D.D., 

Lord, ii. 160 

Brass Founders' Procession, i. 334 
Braybrooke, Lord, ii. 280 
Briggs, Captain, i. 312 
Brighton, past and present, Creevey 

on, ii. 325 

Brogden, Mr., i. 22 ; ii. IO 
Brooke, Sir Charles, i. 279 
Brougham, Henry, i. 128, 158, 308, 

324, 331, 335 ; ii. 2, 5, 9, 10, 

34-36, 5 6 > 5 8 60-62, 7 2 > 76, 79. 

95. 99, 103, 113, 119, 120, 123, 
152, 155, 159, 195, 196, 209, 218, 
222, 255, 261, 267, 278, 282, 295 ; 
his review of Lauderdale's book in 
Edinburgh Review ', i. 30 ; Grey on, i. 
108 ; ii. 140, 184 ; M.P. for Camel- 
ford, i. 152 ; candidate for Liver- 
pool, i. 155, 170, 172 ; Creevey's 
distrust of, i. 167-170; ii. 23, 89, 
129, 130, 136, 137, 149; his 
"volley of declamation," i. 171 ; 
the weapon ready, i. 174 ; and 
Queen Caroline, i. 176, 199, 204, 
295. 2 96, 301-303* 316-319, 326, 
329, 338, 34IJ ". 2, ii, 13, 
1 8, 23, 146 ; letter from Lady C. 
Lindsay, i. 182 ; on Newcastle-on- 
Tyne, i. 186 ; his article on Norway 
in Edinburgh Review ', i. 185 ; his 
profound resources, i. 197 ; blames 
Whitbread, i. 204 j speech on 
Treaty of Paris, i. 249, 250; "has 
done everything with no help," i. 
257 ; on Tierney, i. 264 ; Duke of 
Kent and Madame St. Laurent, i. 
270; "quite silent," i. 272; his 
prophecy about Creevey's Thetford 
seat, i. 274 ; feels the loss of 
Romilly, i. 293 ; Fox's proposed 
epitaph, i. 299 j his offer to Lord 
Liverpool on Queen's behalf, i. 
301-303 ; his speeches on the Pains 
and Penalties Bill, i. 310, 321, 322 ; 
Lady Charlotte Greville and, i. 314, 
323 ; the " Coles," i. 327 ; on Oldi 
and Mariette as witnesses, i. 328 ; 
and the Duke of Roxburgh, ii. 3 ; his 
depression, ii. 15 ; his plans to rouse 
the North for the Queen, ii. 18 j the 
Queen's illness, death, and funeral, 
ii. 20, 21, 25 ;" he absolutely hated 
her," ii. 24; Napoleon's appeal, 
ii. 26 ; Lauderdale on, ii. 28, 154 ; 
speech for reduction of taxation, ii. 
33 ; Lady Holland and, ii. 37 ; 
his bid for Westmorland farms, ii. 
51 ; and Canning, ii. 64, 66, 68, 
121, 125 ; Lady Jersey and, ii. 71, 
73, !33 223; Creevey's Reform 
pamphlet, ii. 93 j Dandy Raikes' 
quarrel with, ii. 106, 107, 109 ; his 
"perfidy" to Lambton, ii. 126; 
declines post of Chief Baron of the 
Exchequer, ii. 129; "another in- 
stance of his hypocrisy," ii. 130 ; 
denounced by "the Malignants," 
ii. 136, 149 ; Lambton's peerage, ii. 
142 ; "acting without the slightest 



tincture of interest," ii. 145 ; "the 
Arch-fiend," ii. 137 ; Grey and 
Cleveland, ii. 149, 150 ; Burdetton, 
ii. 153 ; his Cabinet dinnei; ii. 154 ; 
candidate for Westmorland, ii. 165 ; 
his literary schemes, ii. 206, 207 ; on 
Napoleon, ii. 207 ; Lord Chancellor, 
ii. 214; " Vaux et prseterea nihil," 
ii. 216-y and Sefton, the Times 1 at- 
tacks on Grey, ii. 219, 220 ; Eldon 
and, ii. 224; "an intriguing, per- 
fidious rogue," ii. 227 ; on the batch 
of new peers, ii. 230 ; Lady Grey on, 
ii. 231 ; " Old Wickedshifts," ii. 236, 
274, 275 ; and the Reform Bill, ii. 
237, 247, 292 ; and the Duchess of 
Kent's absence from William IV. 's 
Coronation, ii. 237, 238 ; his demand 
for new peers, ii. 241, 245 ; William 
IV. and, ii. 246, 260, 297, 29$; 
Gascoigne's motion to reduce Ord- 
nance Vote, ii. 265 ; "Beelzebub," 
ii. 272, 292 ; and Mrs. Petre, ii. 276 j 
indignant with Grey, ii. 277 j Ros- 
coe, ii. 280 ; forces Auckland's 
hand, ii. 283 ; " drove Grey from 
office," ii. 285 ; his defence, ii. 287, 
288, 294 ; attacks Durham in 
Edinburgh Review ', ii. 289 ; "letters 
of a perfect Bedlamite," ii. 298, 
300 ; his "insincere jaw," ii. 305 ; 
some correspondence of George 
III., ii. 318 ; his spiteful motives, 
ii. 329 \ his letters to Creevey, i. 
119,134, 144, 145, 153, 154, 173, 
177-182, 186, 192, 194, 195, 201, 
202, 204, 206, 211, 243, 245, 247, 
252, 258, 261, 294, 297, 319 ; ii. 
16, 19, 24, 44, 45, 66, 114, 146, 
206, 208, 235 

Brougham, Lady (Mrs. Spalding, 
nee Eden), ii. 10, 71, 72, 89, 107, 
1 20 

Brougham, James, ii. 229, 271 

Brougham, William, ii. 220 

Brown, Mrs. (Lord Thurlow's 
daughter), i. 60 

Brozam, Count, A.D.C. to the Czar, 

Bruce, Lavalette, ii. 64, 74 

Brudenel, Lord, ii. 75 

Brunswick, Duke of, i. 182, 183 ; 
killed at Quatre Bras, i. 230 

Brussels, before Waterloo, i. 218, 219 ; 
Creevc-y at, i. 205-273, 292-295 

Buckingham, George, ist Marquess 
of, i. 27 

Buckingham Palace, ii. 151, 307 

Buckingham, Richard, 2nd Marquess 
of (afterwards 1st Duke of), i. 215 ; 
ii. 221 ; " is trying hard for office," 
i. 217 ; duel with Sir Thomas 
Hardy, i. 256; the Queen's trial, 
i. 316 ; his letter to Canning, 
ii. 69 

Buckinghamshire, Earl of, i. 158 

Buggin, Lady Cecilia, Duchess of 
Inverness, ii. 230, 243, 258, 329 

Buggin, Sir George, ii. 243 

Bulow, Herr, ii. 262 

Bulteel, Lady Elizabeth, ii. 233, 

Bulteel, Mr., ii. 233, 243 

Buonaparte, Napoleon. See Napoleon 

Burdett, Sir Francis, i. 60, 97, 249 ; 
ii. 72, 74, 198, 199; v. agriculturists, 
i. 194 ; on Roman Catholic question, 
i. loo ; ii. 67 ; Creevey on, i. 107 ; 
on Reform, i. 128 ; imprisoned in 
Tower, i. 131, 133 ; and Brougham, 
i. 202, 203, 249 j ii. 153 ; refuses 
peerage, ii. 321 ; his letters to 
Creevey, i. 3, 132 

Burford, Earl of (afterwards 9th Duke 
of St. Albans), ii. 73 

Burgess, Whitbread's solicitor, i. 

Burgh, Sir Ulysses de, i. 281 

Burghersh, Lady, i. 197 

Burgos, siege of, i. 172 

Burgoyne, i. 120 

Burke, Edmund, i. 108, 161 

Burn, Mr., ii. 179 

Burrell, Walter, M.P. for Sussex, ii. 

Burton, A.D.C. and Secretary to 

Lord Anglesey, ii. 188 
Bury, Lady Charlotte, Memoirs and 

Correspondence of Queen Caroline^ 


Bury, Lord, ii. 75 
Bushe, Chief Justice, ii. 175, 183, 


Bute, John, ist Marquess of, j. 228 
Butler, Lady Eleanor, ii. 185 
Butler, Lady Mary, i. 107 
Byng, G. ("Poodle"), i. 128, 204; 

ii. 96, 230, 279, 290, 314, 330, 


Byng, Hon. Mrs., ii. 314 

Byron, Lord, Hours of Idleness, i. 75 ; 
Lady C. Lamb's Glenarvon and 
Vivian, i. 255 ; at Geneva, i. 259 ; 
on Dr. John Allen, i. 260 ; a re- 
jected poem, i. 294 



Cabarrus, Madame (previously 
Comtesse de Fontenay, then 
Madame de Tallien, lastly Princess 
de Chimay), 1. 6, 7 

Caithness, Lord, i. 257 

Calcraft, John, i. 46, 113, 128, 333 ; 
ii. 16, 106, 114, 160, 213 

Callander, Caroline Henrietta (Mrs. 
T. Sheridan), i. 39 

Calthorpe, Lord, i. 336 

Cambray, taken by storm, i. 239 ; 
Creevey at, i. 275 

Camelford, Lord, i. 60 

Cameron, James, ii. 187 

Campbell, Lady Charlotte, i. 176, 
199 ; ii. 288 

Campbell, Lady Mary, Baroness 
Stratheden, ii. 312 

Campbell, Lord Chancellor, on 
Twiss, ii. 12 

Campbell, Sir Colin, ii. 75, 153 

Campbell, Sir John (afterwards 
Baron), ii. 312 

Canada Bill, ii. 334 

Canning, Colonel, Wellington's 
A.D.C., killed at Waterloo, i. 

Canning, George, i. 262, 342 ; ii. 46, 
53, 59. 61, 85, 90, 201 ; and Ad- 
dington, i. 8 ; Creevey on, i. 9 ; on 
Fox and Pitt, i. 20 ; satirises Adair, 
i. 22 ; illness of George III., i. 27 ; 

, Foreign Secretary, i. 93 ; ii. 49> 
52 ; quarrel and duel with Castle- 
reagh, i. 93, 96-98, 106, 108 ; ii. 
297 ; Whitbread on, i. 99, 109 ; 
Grey on, i. 108, 158 ; ii. 118, 140 ; 
on Coke, i. 108 ; Brandling all 
for, ibid. ; his rhetorical flourishes, 
i. 123 ; the Walcheren Expedition, i. 
124 ; " every Frenchman that falls," 
etc., i. 134; disbands his troop, i. 
183; and Wellesley, i. 153, 156, 160- 
162; the Liverpool seat, i. 154, 155, 
168, 170-172 ; and Brougham, i. 
I5S 177, 206, 209, 253 ; ii. 64-66, 
68, 121, 125, 129; the Roman 
Catholic question, i. 157 ; ii. 103, 
108 ; Sheridan on, i. 163; "on 
the skirts of the party," i. 174 ; Am- 
bassador to Lisbon, i. 207, 287 ; ii. 
35 ; Peel's election for Oxford, i. 
263 ; Governor-General of India, ii. 
43-45, 69, 70 ; called " Merryman " 
by Brougham, ii. 50, 51 ; " has his 
hands full," ii-55 ; and George IV., 

ii. 59 HO, ill ; his irritability, ii. 
63 ; and Lord Kensington's son, ii. 
73 ; Cobbett's Life of, ii. 94 ; and 
Hobhouse, ii. 99 ; his and Huskis- 
son's Corn Bill, ii. 100, 101, 122 j 
his illness, ii. 106 ; Premier, form- 
ing his Cabinet, ii. 111-117, 125, 
145, 146 ; the Penryn case, ii. 119 ; 
and Wellington, ii. 121, 124, 135 ; 
death and funeral, ii, 125, 126; 
monument, ii. 133 

Canning, Miss, ii. 48 

Cantillon, attempts to assassinate 
Wellington, i. 273 

Caparo, Duke of, ii. 14 

Carlisle, Countess of, /'. 184 

Carlisle, 6th Earl of, i. 27, 78, 121 ; 
ii. 123, 306 

Carlisle, 7th Earl of, ii. 223, 276, 
278, 307 

Carnac, Mr., ii. 328 

Carnac, Mrs., ii. 80 

Carnarvon, Lord, i. 308, 318, 324; 
ii. 6, 39, 79 

Caroline, Queen, in the House of 
Commons, i. 123 ; the Commission 
on, i. 175-180; and Brougham, i. 
176, 199, 204, 295, 296, 301-303, 

316-319, 326, 329, 338, 341 ; ". 

2, ii, 13, 1 8, 23, 146; at Vaux- 
hall, i. 182, 184 ; the drawing-room, 
i. 187 ; and Grey, i. 193 ; at the 
Opera, i. 195, 196 ; ' ' carries every- 
thing before her," i. 196 ; declines 
increased allowance voted by 
Parliament, i. 199, 204 ; the thanks- 
giving at St. Paul's, i. 202 ; a divorce 
impossible, i. 209 ; her intended re- 
turn to Kensington Palace, i. 212, 
253 ; is offered 50,000 to re- 
nounce title and live abroad, i. 295, 
301, 302 ; her trial, i. 295, 303-342 ; 
ii. 6 ; popular sympathy, i. 298, 
299 ; her Solicitor- General, Den- 
man, q.v. ; her name excluded from 
the Liturgy, i. 303, 304, 306 ; ii. 9, 
10, 12 ; Grey's and Lambton's 
interview with, ii. 7 ; Brougham 
testifies to his belief in her inno- 
cence, ii. n, 13 ; proposed subscrip- 
tion for, ii. 15 ; buys Cambridge 
House, ibid. ; excluded from the 
Coronation, ii. 16, 18 ; proposed 
visit to the North, ii. 19, 20 ; her 
death and funeral, ii. 21-26 ; Lord 
Bath on, ii. 73 

Carrington, Lord, i. 99, in, 214 

Cartwright, General, i. 150 



Cartwright, John, the "Father of 

Reform," i. 202 
Casimir, M., ii. 226 
Castlereagh, Viscountess, ii. 43 
Castlereagh, Viscount, loses Co. Down 
on seeking re-election as Pitt's War 
Minister, i. 43, 63 ; quarrel and 
duel with Canning, i. 93, 96-98, 
106, 108 j ii. 297 ; Grey on, i. 
107 ; his claims on the House of 
Commons, i. 122 ; the Walcheren 
Expedition, i. 123, 124 ; ministerial 
changes, i.156, 164 ; Foreign Secre- 
tary, i. 174 ; he cannot but be in a 
scrape," i. 185; Ward on, i. 189; in- 
crease of Princess of Wales' allow- 
ance, i. 198, 200, 201 ; red hot on 
war with France, i. 214 ; Broug- 
ham's speech on Treaty of Paris, 
i. 250 ; " appealing to posterity," 
i. 262 ; his supposed influence over 
Prince Leopold, i. 266 ; Lady Hol- 
land on, i. 266 ; Creevey on, i. 
287 ; ii. 10 ; the King's message 
about the Queen, i. 303 ; "smiling 
as usual," i. 306 ; roughly handled 
at Covent Garden, i. 338 ; a scene 
in the House of Commons, i. 342 ; 
Tiewiey and . Napoleon, ii. 4 j 
Dublin's applause, ii. 30 ; replies to 
Brougham's motion for reduction 
of taxation, ii. 3 j, 34 ; his suicide, 
ii. 38, 40-47 ; his successor Canning, 
ii. 49, 63, 119; his keynote non- 
intervention, ii. 52, 53 

Cathcart, Lord, i. 86, 281, 282 

Catholic Association, the, ii. 193, 195 

Caton, Mr., of Philadelphia, ii. 249 

Caton, Captain of an Indiaman, i. 

Caton, Miss, i. 276, 279 ; ii. 248 

Caulincourt, M., i. 190 

Cavendish, Charles (Baron Chesham), 
i. 207 

Cavendish, Lord George, i. 100, in, 
122, 265 ; ii. 34, 88 ; nominal 
leader of the Whigs, i. 112, 247, 
257 ; Bennet on, i. 257 

Cavendish, William, i. 126 

Caxton, ii. 207 

Cazes, M. de (Decazes), i. 272 ; ii. 4 

Cellini, Benvenuto, ii. 163 

Chalmers, Dr., Professor of Moral 
Philosophy in St. Andrews, after- 
wards of Theology in Edinburgh, 
ii. 84 

Chaloner, ii. 34 

Chalons, ii. 80 

Chantrey, ii. 322 

Charlemont, Lady, i. 147 ; ii. 324 

Charlemont, Lord, i. 147, 148, 150 

Charleroi, capture of, i. 223, 229 

Charles X., ii. 253, 315 

Charleville, Lord, ii. 312 

Charlotte of Wales, Princess, the 
Prince Regent's treatment of, i. 175, 
177-179, 181 j Brougham's advice 
to, i. 198 ; her illness, i. 184, 207 ; 
marriage, i. 258, 259 ; death, i. 
266, 268 -, ii. 325 

Charlotte, Queen, i. 184, 194, 197, 
281, 284 

Chateaubriand, i. 214 

Chatham, Earl of, i. 85 ; ii. 318 ; the 
Walcheren Expedition, i. 95-97, 
107, 129-131, 133 

Chesham, Charles, Lord, i. 207 

Chesterfield, Countess of (Hon. 
Anne Forester), ii. 214 

Chesterfield, Earl of, ii. 199, 214 

Chichester, Earl of, i. 113 

Chifnay, Mr., ii. 210 

Chimay, Prince de, /'. 7 

Cholmondeley, Lady Charlotte (after- 
wards Seymour), i. 266 

Cholmondeley, Marchioness of, i. 196 

Cholmondeley, Marquess of, i. 320 

Church of England, Hume's attack 
on, ii. 66 

Churchill, Lady, ii. 243 

Churchill, Lord, ii. 167 

Cintra Convention, i. 89, 93 

Civil List Bill, 1831, ii. 218 

Civil Offices Pensions Act, 1817, ii. 


Clanricarde, 1st Marquess of, ii. 1 88 

Clanwilliam, Earl of, ii. 60 

Clare Election, ii. 193 

Clare, Lady, i. 47, 49 

Clare, Lord, ii. 29, 47, 64, 198 

Clarendon, Earl of, Queen Caroline's 
executor, ii. 25 

Clarke, Mr., i. 112 

Clarke, Mrs. Mary Anne, and the 
Duke of York, i. 97, 1 12, 1 13, 115, 
193, 3io; ii. 2, 278 

Clavering, General, i. 61 

Cleveland, Duchess of, Lady Darling- 
ton (Mrs. Russell alias Funnereau), 
i. 184; ii. 86, 89, 109, 131, 132, 
165, 208, 243 ; and Mrs. Taylor, 
ii. 90 ; Creevey on, ii. 92 
leveland, 1st Duke of, 3rd Lord 
Darlington, " Niffy - Naflfy," i. 
243, 308; ii. 109, 113, 130, 
I3 1 * 149, I5* 207-209, 230, 



243 ; his marriage, i. 184 ; ii. 86 ; 
five seats to dispose of, ii. 90 ; 
raves about Canning, ii. 116 ; Grey 
and, ii. 122; his Winchelsea seat, 
ii. 165 ; Wellington and, ii. 153 
Cleveland, Lord William Powlett, 

3rd Duke of, ii. 130-132, 201 
Clifden, 2nd Viscount, ii. 217 
Clifden, 3rd Viscount, ii. 217 
Clifford, Charlotte, Baroness (after- 
wards Duchess of Devonshire), i. 

Clifford, Lieutenant (Lord?), i. 264 
Clifford, Lord de, i. 308, 336 
Clincial thermometer, Dr. Currie's, 

i. 2 

Clinton, Lord, i. 184 ; ii. 13 
Cloncurry, Lord, ii. 194 
Clowes, Mrs., i. 60 
Cobbett, William, i. 89 ; ii. 252 ; 
imprisoned for libel, i. 133 ; his 
letter to Creevey, i. 134 ; "a foul- 
mouthed malignant dog," i. 334 ; 

L language, 
nor, ii. 278 
Cobbett's Weekly Political Register, 

i. 89, 132, 133 
Cochrane, Admiral Lord (afterwards 

loth Earl of Dundonald), i. 128 ; 

tried for Stock Exchange conspiracy, 

i. 202, 203 

Codrington, Admiral, ii. 231 
Coercion Bill, ii. 282, 285, 288, 294 
Coke, Miss, ii. 36 
Coke, Sir Edward, Chief Justice, ii. 

Coke, Thomas, of Holkham (created 

Earl of Leicester), i. 122, 297 ; ii. 

76,276, 294; Canning's "landed 

grandee," i. 108 ; marries Lady A. 

Keppel, ii. 36 ; furious about Lady 

Mary Keppel's marriage, ii. 97 ; 

"our worthy King Tom," ii. in ; 

created Earl, ii. 295 ; Creevey 

on, ii. 331 ; on Lady Holland, ii. 

Coke, Thomas William, 2nd Earl of 

Leicester, ii. 36, 76, 332 
Colborne, Sir John (afterwards Lord 

Seaton), Governor-General of 

Canada, ii. 334 , 

Colchester, riot at Queen's funeral at, 

ii. 32 

Colchester, Lord. See Abbot, Charles 
Cole, Hon. Sir Lowry, commanded 

4th Division in Peninsular War, 

i. 277, 283 ; ii. 9 j Governor of 
Mauritius, ii. 12 

Cole, Lady Frances (/<? Malmes- 
bury), i. 277-279 

Collier, Lady, i. 254 

Collingwood, Lord, Memoirs, ii. 161 

Colvill, General, i. 239 

Commission on, Royal Navy, i. 33 ; 
Public Expenditure, i. 136 j Queen 
Caroline, i. 175, 176, 180 ; Flog- 
ging, ii. 310 

Conde, Prince de, i. 225 

Congleton, Lord, i. 31, 163 

Congreve, Sir William, inventor of 
rockets, i. 147, 150 

Conroy, Mr., ii. 332 

Consort, Prince, ii. 52 

Conway, Field Marshal, ii. 13 

Conyngham, Lady Elizabeth (Mar- 
chioness of Huntley), i. 333 j ii. 

73 96 

Conyngham, Lady Elizabeth Denison, 
1st Marchioness of, i. 229, 333 ; ii. 
157 ; George IV.'s relations with, ii. 
i, 20, 30, 31, 43, 45, 58, 77, 89, 
104, 105, 108, 120, 148; her 
portrait by Lawrence, ii. 16 ; her 
friend Lady Glengall, ii. 29 ; 
"shows but little in public" at 
Dublin, ii. 30, 31 ; her opposition 
Ball at the Opera House, ii. 38 ; 
Duke of Sussex and his sisters, ii. 
48; at Ascot, ii. 77; "a blow-up 
between Prinney and," ii. 89 ; " she 
hates Kingy," ii. 96 ; her para- 
mount influence at Court, ii. 103 
Conyngham, Lord, i. 320 ; ii. 29, 59, 

60, 103, 279, 326 
Conyngham, Lord Albert Denison, 

ii. 58 
Cook, Captain, killed at Trafalgar, 

i. 69 

Cooke, " Kangaroo," ii. 109 
Copenhagen Expedition, i. 85, 86 
Copley, Maria (afterwards Lady 
Howick and Countess of Grey), ii. 
31, 48, 295 ; her letters to Creevey, 
ii. 59, 64 
Copley, Sir John (afterwards Lord 

LyndhursO, ii. 113, 114 
Copley, Sir Joseph, ii. 306 
Cork, Edmund, 7th Earl of, i. 56 
, Cork, Lady, i. 56 
Corn Laws, ii. 94, 100, 101, 158, 166 
Cornwall, Mr., ii. 132 
Cornwallis, Marchioness, i. 167 
Corry, James, ii. 169, 177, 181, 188 
Cotton, Sir Charles, i. 89 



Courier > i. 178 

Courtenay, Mr., i. 184 

Courvoisier, valet, murders his master, 
Lord William Russell, ii. 109, 329 

Coutts, Mr., i. 209 ; ii. 3, 8 

Coutts, Mrs. (afterwards Duchess of 
St. Albans), ii. 120, 217 

Covent Garden theatre, i. 97 

Coventry, George William, 8th Earl 
of, i. 56 ; ii. 268 

Coventry, Lady Mary Augusta (after- 
wards Holland), ii. 268 

Cowley, Lady (Olivia de Ros), ii. 
204, 237, 263, 320 

Cowley, Lord (Sir Henry Wellesley), 
i. 218 ; ii. 263, 320 

Cowper, Lady (afterwards Palmer- 
ston), i. 255, 259 ; ii. 129, 167, 226, 
241, 268, 307, 325 

Cowper, Lady Emily (Countess of 
Shaftesbury), ii 198 

Cowper, Lord, i. 82, 259, 313, 317, 
318, 336 ; ii. 6, 9, 39, 79, 88, 129, 
167, 226, 230, 241 

Cox and Greenwood, ii. 242 

Cradock, Colonel, i. 281 ; ii. 96, 306 

Crampton, Surgeon-General, ii. 169, 

Craufurd, Madame, ii. 288 

Craven, Countess of, ii. 310 

Craven, Earl of, i. 247 ; ii. 212 

Craven, Hon. Berkeley, i. 296, 330 ; 
ii. 13, 14, 139 

Craven, Hon. Keppel, i. 309, 311 ; 
ii. 14 

Craven, Hon. Maria. See Sefton, 

Craven, Lady Louisa (afterwards 
Johnstone, then Oswald), ii. 311 

Craven, Mrs., ii. 320 

Creevey, Miss, ii. 143, 310 

Creevey, Mrs. (formerly Mrs. Ord), 
i. 12, 18, 22, 108, 120, 148-150; 
at Brighton, i. 47-50 ; and Sheri- 
dan, i. 52 ; Lord Thurlovv, i. 60; 
at Brussels, i. 205-272 ; her death, 
i. 275, 295 ; letters from Earl 
Grey, i. I ; from Sheridan, i. 39 ; 
to Creevey, i. 65-73, 80 ; from 
Mrs. Fitzherbert, i. 69 ; to Miss 
Ord, i. 82, 84 ; from Creevey, i. 
121-132, 136-143, 145, 155-172, 
195 ; from Lady Holland, i. 183, 
184, 189, 205, 246, 254, 265 

Crewe, Lord, ii. 36 

Crockford's, ii. 151 

Croker, J. W., on Brougham, ii. 23 ; 
his dispute with Hume, ii. 35 ; his 

article in Quarterly Review on 
O'Meara's A Voice from St. Helena, 
ii. 65 ; "the three C's," ii. 94 ; his 
account of Liverpool's illness, ii. 
105 ; a P.C., ii. 160; a slender 
chance of being M.P. again, ii. 221 

Croker Papers, i. 31 ; ii. 23, 31, 211 

Cromwell, Oliver, ii. 171 

Cross, Mr., K.C., ii. 125 

Cumberland, Duchess of (Princess 
Frederica of Mecklenberg-Strelitz, 
widow, firstly, of Prince Frederick 
of Prussia, and secondly, of Prince 
Frederick William of Salmo-Braun- 
fels), i. 205 

Cumberland, Duke of, i. 146, 148- 
150, 205, 276, 298, 339 ; ii. 196, 
197, 210, 245, 322 

Cumberland Hussars, at Waterloo, 
i. 148, 232, 234 

Curran, J. P., Irish Master of the 
Rolls, i. 61, 107 

Currency question, the, ii. 94, 97 

Currie, Dr. J., of Liverpool, his clini- 
cal thermometer, i. 2 ; his letters 
to Creevey, i. 2, 12, 30; from 
Creevey, i. 4, 9, 11-16, 19, 24, 27 
33, 78, 80 

Cuthbert, Lady Fanny, ii. 60 

Dacre, Thomas, 2Oth Lord, i. 337 ; 

ii. 95, 223, 278 

Dacre, Thomas, 22nd Lord, ii. 311 
Daly, Mr., i. 128 
Darner, Mrs. (nte Conway), ii. 13, 

14, 319 

Danglas, Boissy, i. 7 
Danton, i. 7 

D'Aremberg, Due, i. 225 
D'Aremberg, Prince, ii. 167 
D'Arenberg, Prince, ii. 71 
Darlington, Lady. See Cleveland, 

Duchess of 
Darlington, Lord. See Cleveland, 

Duke of 

Darnley, Lord, i. 283, 329 ; ii. 79 
Dartmouth, Earl of, i. 337 
Davenport, M.P. for Cheshire, ii. 34 
Davie, Sir John, 8th baronet of 

Creedy, Devon, ii. 65 
Dawson, Mr., ii. 167 
Dawson-Damer, Mrs., ii. 320 
Dawson-Damer, Rt. Hon. G., ii. 304, 

Day, Mr., i. 66, 68 



Decazes, M., i. 272 ; ii. 4 

Delaney, General, i. 34, 247 

Delawarr, Lord, i. 337 

Denison of Denbies, William Joseph, 
ii. 24, 43, 105, 107, 109, 120, 148 

Demnan, Lord Chief Justice, i. 297 ; 
ii. 208, 317, 331 ; Queen's Solicitor- 
General in her trial, i. 303, 304, 
308,310,311,317, 326, 328,331. 
333-335. 341 5 ' 23 j his recep- 
tion by the populace, ii. 18 j present 
at the Queen's death, ii. 21 

Denmark, Princess of, i. 272 

Dent, " Dog," ii. 58 

Derby, James Stanley, 4th Earl of, 

Derby, Edward, I2th Earl of, i. 27, 
29, loo, H2, 114, 120, 128, 130, 
260, 305, 308, 318, 326, 329, 331 ; 
" 37, 57, 76, 83, 94, 203 ; letter 
to Creevey, ii. 40 ; the railway 
movement, ii. 87 ; and William 
IV., ii. 226 

Derby, Edward Smith, I3th Earl of, 
i. 170-172 ; ii. 76, 88 

Derby, Edward, I4th Earl of, ii. 
40, 76, 128, 203, 226, 269, 282, 
284, 295, 297, 299, 309 ; Secretary 
for Ireland, ii. 219, 265 ; and 
Durham, ii. 264 ; M. P. for Cheshire, 
ii. 255 ; resigns, ii. 273, 276 j split 
between Russell and, ii. 273, 274 

Derby, Eliza Farren, Countess of 
(wife of I2th Earl), i. 112, 305, 318, 
326, 329, 331 ; ii. 57, 71, 75, 83 

Derby, Countess of (wife of I3th 
Earl), i. 170-172 

d'Erlon, Marshal, at Waterloo, /. 238, 

Devereux, Mr., ii. 179 

Devonshire, Charlotte, Baroness Clif- 
ford, Duchess of (wife of 4th Duke), 
i. 184 

Devonshire, Lady Georgiana Spencer, 
Duchess of (ist wife of 5th Duke), 

i. 71 

Devonshire, Lady Elizabeth Foster, 
Duchess of (2nd wife of 5th Duke), 
i. 84, 254 

Devonshire, William, 4th Duke of, 
i. 1S4 

Devonshire, William, 5th Duke of, i. 
31, 84, 120, 181, 184 

Devonshire, William Spencer, 6th 
Duke of, i. 184, 257 ; ii. 241, 303, 
310; declares for Reform, ii. 6; 
proposed subscription for Queen 
Caroline, ii. 12 ; protest against 

Creevey's exclusion from office, 

ii. 115 ; his coach at Doncaster 

races, ii. 129 
Digby, Admiral Sir Henry, ii. 36, 

Digby, Aurora (Lady Ellenborough), 

ii. 80 
Digby, Lady (Viscountess Andover), 

ii. 36, 112 

Dillon, Lord, ii. 255 
Dillon, Miss, i. 190 
Dimont, Queen Caroline's femme de 

chambre, i. 314, 3 1 5, 335 
Dino, Madame de, ii. 217, 236, 241, 

249, 253, 262, 269-271, 279, 302 
Dinorben, Lady, i. 80 
Dinorben, Lord, ;. 80 ; ii. 70 
Dogherty, Irish Solicitor-General, ii. 

1 88 

Donne, W. Bodham, editor of Cor- 
respondence of George III. with 

Lord North, ii. 318 
Donoughmore, 1st Earl of, i. 48, 138, 

317, 326, 328; ii. 177, 189; his 

recollections of Ireland, ii. 178-180 
Dorchester, Lord, i. 63 
d'Orleans, Due, i. 244 ; ii. 253, 269, 

Dorneburg, General, Commander of 

Mons garrison, i. 221, 222 
D'Orsay, Count, ii. 254, 288 
Dorset, Duchess of, i. 67 
d'Otranto, Joseph Fouche, Due, i. 7, 

Douglas-Hamilton, Lady Charlotte 

(Duchess of Somerset), ii. 64 
Douro, Lord, ii. 209 
Douro, Wellington's passage of the, 

i. 101-105, 109 
Dover, Lord, ii. 257 
Downshire, Marchioness of, i. 49, 62, 

65, 66, 68, 73, 147 
Downshire, Marquess of, i. 128 j ii. 

Downton borough, Wilts, Creevey 

and James Brougham returned for, 

ii. 229 
Drury Lane theatre, and Whitbread, 

i. 241 
Dublin, i. 42 ; Creevey's visit to, ii. 

168, 187 

Du Cane, ii. 230 
Ducie, Lord, ii. 230 
Dudley, John William Ward, 1st 

Earl of, i. in, 112, 140, 183, 161, 

173, 262 j ii. 68, 100, 152, 158, 

159, 205, 243, 255 ; and Jekyll, i. 

189 ; Rogers, the dead poet, i. 255 ; 



Foreign Secretary, ii. 134; "a 
Ward in Chancery," ii. 141 

Duff, Captain, killed at Trafalgar, 

Dufferin, Lady (nte Sheridan), /. 39 

Duncannon, Viscountess (Lady Maria 
Fane), ii. 73, 171-173, 176, 182 

Duncannon, Viscount (4th Earl of 
Bessborough), ii. 9, 16, 223, 254 ; a 
conversation between Tierney and, 
i. 327 ; Mrs. Murphy's letter, ii. 
no; "now counts noses on the 
other side," ii. 116; his Bess- 
borough estates, ii. 171-176, 182 ; 
Durham and Lady Jersey, ii. 219 ; 
the Reform Bill draft, ii. 264 ; and 
Anglesey's views on Ireland, ii. 
265 ; Home Secretary, ii. 285 

Duncombe, Tom, ii. 78, 167, 288, 

Dundas, Henry. See Melville, Vis- 

Dundas, Lord, i. 46, 156 ; ii. 231 

Dundas, Mrs. (*& Williamson), ii. 81 

Dundas, Tom, i. 338; ii. 34, 81, 179 

Dundass, a Richmond surgeon, i. 28 

Dundonald, Admiral Lord Cochrane, 
loth Earl of, i. 128; tried for 
Stock Exchange conspiracy, i. 203 

Dunfermline, Lord. See Abercromby, 
Hon. James 

Dunmore, 4th Earl of, ii. 243 

Dunning, Mr., i. 161 

Du Paquier, Louis XVIII.'s . valet, 
ii. 26 

Durham, Countess of (Lady Louisa 
Grey), ii. 7, 10, 15, 83, 92, 95, 217, 

Durham, John George Lambton, 1st 
Earl of ("King Jog"), i. 265, 332, 
335, 342 ; ii. 9-12, 15, 32, 34, 39, 
56, 71, 80-82, 91, 147, 154, 196, 
201, 217, 219, 223, 229, 252, 291, 
2 94> 35 39; interview with 
Queen Caroline, ii. 7 ; Miss Copley 
on, ii. 31 ; a victim of temper, ii. 
49, 57 J l ett er to Creevey, ii. 54 ; a 
scene with Creevey, ii. 91, 92 ; his 
debts, ii. 120 ; Brougham's perfidy, 
ii. 126 ; his peerage an appeal to 
Brougham, ii. 142 ; and Reform, 
ii. 230, 247, 264, 292 ; peer-making, 
ii. 241 ; the Times' attack on Grey, 
ii. 257, 294 ; scene between Grey 
and, ii. 265 ; furious for dissolu- 
tion, ii. 266 ; his exclusion from 
Grey's cabinet, ii. 277 ; a quarrel 
with Brougham, ii. 289 ; his 

Glasgow dinner, ii. 297 ; accepts 

the Canada mission, ii. 332, 334 ; 

interview with Queen Adelaide, ii. 

Durham, Mrs., Creevey's landlady, 

ii. 223, 229, 260, 281 
Duval, Justice, i. 327 
Duvernay, the opera dancer, ii. 273 

East India Company, i. 88, 120, 130, 

134, 143, 291 ; ii. 327 
East Retford, disfranchised, ii. 158 
Eaton, Mr. and Mrs., i. 12 
Ebrington, Viscount, ii. 310 
Eckersley, Mr., i. 279 
Eden, Hon. George (afterwards 2nd 

Lord Auckland), i. 114, 120 ; ii. 2, 

95 114 

Eden, Sir William, ii. 107 

Edinburgh mail, the, ii. 291 

Edinburgh Review, i. 30, 119, 185, 
205, 248; ii. 39, 99, 150, 167, 

Edwardes, Mr., ii. 72 

Edwards, box-keeper of Drury Lane 
theatre, Sheridan's valet, i. 59 

Egremont, Earl of, i. 337 ; ii. 164 

Egypt, Napoleon's clairils on, i. 14 

Eldon, Earl of, i. 109, 119, 136, 214, 
257, 261 ; ii. 78, 135, 300 ; and 
George IV., i. 156, 158, 298 ; 
Roman Catholic question, i. 165 ; 
ii. 112 ; jealous of Mrs. Leach, i. 
258 ; the Pains and Penalties Bill, 
i. 308, 314, 317, 325, 329, 333, 335 J 
some sharp words with Liverpool, 
* 3 2 3, 339 J Grey's palaver with, 
i- 337 J Canning and, ii. 43, 68 ; 
" the most noble of all the beasts," 
ii. 49 ; Lord Portsmouth's case, ii. 
63; resigns, ii. 95, 113; the 
patronage question, ii. 103 ; " lock 
the door on Eldon and Co.," ii. 
114, 115, 117; Brougham and, ii. 
121, 224^; " whining at his un- 
happy fate," ii. 152 

Elizabeth, Princess, 3rd daughter of 
George III., wife of Frederick, 
Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, i. 

Ellenborough, Lady {nee Digby), ii. 

Ellenborough, Lord, i. 40, 75, 181 ; 

ii. 79, 80, 197 



Ellesmere, Earl of (Lord F. Leveson), 

i. 185 ; ii. 59, 64, 188 
Ellice, General, ii. 267 
Ellice, Lady Hannah (nee Grey), ii. 


Ellice of Invergarry, Edward, ii. 273, 

Ellice of Invergarry, Mrs. Edward 
(nee Balfour), ii. 273, 310 

Ellice of Invergarry, Mrs. Edward 
(previously Mrs. A. Speirs), it. 273 

Ellice, Rt. Hon. Edward ("Bear"), 
ii. 74, 93, 107, 115, 230, 243, 250, 
257, 268, 273, 276, 328, 331, 332, 
336 ; in Paris with Madame de 
Lieven and Louis Philippe, ii. 309 

Elliot, Mr., i. 21, 214 

Ellis, Agar, ii. 217 

Ellis, Charles Rose (Earl of Sea- 
ford), i. 97, 183 

Elvas, i. 88 

Ely, flogging of mutinous militiamen 
at, i. 33 

England, at war with France, i. IO j 
and the independence of Greece, 

J 33 
Enniskillen, Earl of, i. 277, 323, 336, 

Entertaining Knowledge, Library of, 
ii. 206 

Erroll, Lord and Lady, ii. 181 

Erskine, Captain, i. 234 

Erskine, Lord, i. 3, 75, 119, 180, 209, 
308, 318 ; ii. 6 ; on Russia's offer 
of mediation, i. 15 j v. Windham, 
i. 19 ; letter to Creevey, i. 136 ; and 
Alexander I., i. 195 ; K.T., i. 211 ; 
"The Green Man and Still," i. 
212 ; " the most beautiful speech 
possible," i. 317 ; a fainting fit, i. 
335 ; greatly applauded, i. 338 ; on 
Francis and Jum'us, ii. 8; "very 
old and forlorn," ii. 68 

Essex, Countess of (Catherine Ste- 
phens), ii. 286 

Essex, Earl of, i. 99, in, 296 ; ii. 38, 
154, 230, 269, 270, 272, 285, 286, 
306, 313, 321, 329, 330 ; his letters 
to Creevey, ii. 290, 323 

Esterhazy, Prince, ii. 96, 213, 236, 
262, 263, 267 

Esterhazy, Princess, ii. 199 

Fagal, General, i. 220, 222, 286 
Fane, John, M.P. for Oxfordshire, ii. 

Fane, Lady Maria (Lady Duncannon), 
ii. I7I-I73 

Fawkes, Mr., ii. 55 

Featherstone, Sir H., i. 295 

Felice, Madame, ii. 14 

Fellowes, Rev., the Queen's chaplain, 
ii. 17 

Ferdinand of Wurtemberg, Prince, i. 

Ferdinand VII. of Spain, i. 248 ; ii. 
53, 64, 90 

Fergus, Provost of Kirkcaldy, ii. 85 

Ferguson, Cutlar, Judge Advocate- 
General, ii. 330 

Ferguson, Major-General R. C., i. 
105, 109, 122, 157, 212, 337 ; ii. 2, 
34, 36, 42, 71, 107, 148, 151, 156, 
276 ; his motion for production of 
Milan Commission, i. 312; the 
railway movement, ii. 87 

Ferguson, Miss, ii. 3 

Ferguson, Mrs., ii. 230 

Ferguson of Raith, General Sir 
Ronald, ii. 45, 47, 84 

Ferguson, Robert, ii. 47 

Fesch, Cardinal, ii. 39 

Fife, Lord, i. 244 

Filanqueri, i. 88 

Firma9on, Madame de, ii. 96 

Fitzallen, Lord, ii. 314 

FitzClarence, Lady Frederick (Lady 
Augusta Boyle), ii. 300 

FitzClarence, Lord Frederick, ii. 83, 
.300, 335 

Fitzclarence, Miss, ii. 224 

Fitzgerald, " Fighting," ii. 128 

Fitzgerald, Hon. W. Vesey (after- 
wards Lord), ii. 50, 147, 160, 167, 

Fitzgerald, Lady Cecilia. See Foley, 

Fitzgerald, Lady Olivia (afterwards 

Kinnaird), i. 273 ; ii. 102 
Fitzhardinge, Admiral Sir Maurice 

Frederick Berkeley, Lord, i. 147 ; 

ii. 185, 1 88 
Fitzharris, Lord, i. 33 
Fitzherbert, Mrs., i. 4, 47-50, 65-72, 

82, 138, 139, 162, 175, 178; ii. 

212, 319, 320 
Fitzpatrick, General Richard, i. 13, 

94, 121, 156, 182 

Fitzroy, Lady Mary (nee Gordon- 
Lennox), ii. 185 
Fitzroy, Lord Henry, i. 163 
Fitzroy, Sir Charles, ii. 185 
Fitzwilliam, Countess of, i. 332 
Fitzwilliam, 4th Earl of, i. 27, 29, 31, 



109, 165, 263, 303, 308, 313, 332, 
336; ii. 6, 11, 15, 91, 109, 135, 
*55 J proposed subscription for 
Queen Caroline, ii. 12 ; his coach at 
Doncaster, ii. 120; Madame de 
Lieven's compliments, ii. 130 ; and 
Brougham, ii. 133 

Fitzwilliam, 5th Earl of. See Milton, 

Flahault, General de, i. 250 j ii. 271 

Flahault, Madame de (afterwards de 
Souza), i. 251, 326 

Fleury, Duchesse de, ii. 138 

Flint, Sir Charles, ii. 74 

Floridas, the, seized by U.S.A., i. 

Fludyer, Mr., ii. 187 

Flynn, Captain, i. 323, 329 ^ 

Foley, Lady (Lady Cecilia Fitz- 
gerald), ii. 102, 204, 209 

Foley, Lord, i. 296, 317, 331, 335, 
338 ; ii. 205, 209, 226, 230, 253, 

Foljambe, Savile, ii. 277 

Folkestone (nte Mildmay), Viscountess 
(Lady Radnor), i. 190, 272 ; ii. 
280, 319 

Folkestone, Viscount (afterwards 3rd 
Earl of Radnor), i. 125, 159, 213, 
257; ii. 34, 249, 317; and Mrs. 
Clarke, i. 112, 115, 116; ii. 278; 
letters to Creevey, i. 96, 190, 271 ; 
"will take his line," ii. 5; Can- 
ning's tirade against, ii. 68 ; Creevey 
and James Brougham returned for 
Downton by favour of, ii. 229 

Follett, Sir William, Solicitor- 
General, ii. 311 

Fonblanque, M., i. 49, 150 ; ii. 312 

Fontenay, Comtesse de (afterwards 
de Tallien), i. 6, 7 

Foote, the actor, i. 327 

Forbes, Lord, i. 160; ii. 178, 181 

Ford, Mrs., ii. 286 

Fordyce, John, Receiver -General of 
Land Tax, Scotland, i. 34, 35 

Fordyce, Mrs. (nte Maxwell), i. 34 

Forester, Hon. Anne (Lady Chester- 
field), ii. 214 

Forester, Hon. Isabella (Mrs. Geo. 
Anson), ii. 214 

Forester, Lord, ii. 214 

Forester, Mr., i. 184 

Forster, Mr.,i. 167 

Forsyth, Mr., it. 40 

Fortescue, George, ii. 64 

Fortescue, Lady, i. 329 

Fortescue, Lord, i. 308, 329 

Foster, J., Chancellor of Exchequer, 
Ireland, i. 31 

Fouche, Joseph, Due d'Otranto, i. 7, 

Fox, Charles, ii. 155, 268, 310, 329, 

Fox, Charles James, at Talleyrand's, 
i. 5 ; " Liberty asleep in France, 
but dead in England," i. 9 ; speech 
on Russia's offer of mediation, i. 
1 6 ; his "palaver about a military 
command for the Prince of Wales," 
i. 18 ; "a proscribed victim of 
fortune," i. 20 ; Windham's enmity, 
i. 21 ; "devotion to Fox," i. 22; 
alliance with Pitt, i. 23, 27, 37 j 
letter to Creevey, i. 23 ; speech on 
the St. Vincent enquiry, i. 24 ; 
Sheridan's project, i. 25; George 
III. v. y i. 26 ; ii. 318 ; Prince of 
Wales's relations with, i. 27, 28, 31, 
46, 47, 82, 146 ; and Fordyce, i. 34, 
35 ; his conduct in the Athol 
business, i. 37 j Romilly's support, 
i. 41; Graham Moore on, i. 78 ; 
his illness and death, i. 79, 80-84 ; 
the highest of " All the Talents," i. 
84 ; Whitbread on, i. 92 ; Creevey 
on, i. 143 ; Brougham compares 
Pitt and, i. 171 ; his friend Fitz- 
patrick, *. 182 ; the Fox dinner at 
Newcastle, i. 187; his great influ- 
ence, i. 290 ; proposed epitaph, i. 
299, 300; at Lady Olivia Fitz- 
gerald's wedding, ii. 102 ; Grey, 
Grenville, and, ii. 117, 119 

Fox Club, ii. 6 

Fox, Henry (afterwards 4th Lord 
Holland), ii. 268 

Fox, Lady Mary, ii. 268, 310, 332 

Fox, Mrs., i. 70, 300 

France, the king guillotined, i. I ; in 
1802, i. 4 ; war with England, i. 10 j 
her aggressive policy, i. 14 ; Alex- 
ander I.'s offer of mediation, i. 15 ; 
Austria, Prussia, and England z/., 
i. 44 ; her Spanish South American 
colonies, i. 86-88; Cintra Conven- 
tion, i. 89; the Hundred Days, 
Waterloo, i. 213-238; and Greek 
independence, ii. 133 

Franceschi, General (France), i. IOI 

Francis I. of Austria, i. 99 

Francis, Lady, ii. 8 

Francis, Sir Philip, i. 61, 112, 147, 
149, i$o;Junius? ii. 8 

Franklin, John, ii. 264 

Fraser, Dr., i. 68 



Frederick, Landgrave of Hesse- 

Homburg, i. 359 

Frederick of Prussia, Prince, i. 205 
Frederick William of Salmo-Braun- 

fels, Prince, i. 205 
Frederick William III., of Prussia, 

i. 45, 187, 195, 196, 197 
Freeman, ii. 289 
Freemantle, Rt. Hon. Sir William 

Henry, i. 127, 161, 214, 217, 272, 


French, at the Douro, i. 101-104 
French, Lord, ii. 179 
Frere, ii. 315 

Galileo, ii. 207 
Gal way, 1st Viscount, i. 56 
Garth, Captain, ii. 196, 197, 200 
Garth, General, ii. 196, 200 
Gascoigne, General, M.P. for Liver- 
pool, i. 154, 168, 172, 253 ; his 
motion to reduce Ordnance Vote, 
ii. 265 
Cell, Sir William, i. 309, 311, 323, 


Genlis, Madame de, ii. 96 
George II., i. 51, 339 ; ii. 246 
George III., and Addington, i. 8 ; 
France's aggressive policy, i. 14 ; 
against Prince of Wales, i. 17; for 
Duke of York, i. 17, 107 ; "will 
never more exercise the Royal 
function," i. 25 ; v. Fox, i. 26, 28 ; 
his illness, i. 27, 28, 36, 65, 119, 
135, 142, 145, 146; and Pitt, i. 
27 ; determined on a Tory Cabinet, 
i- 39 > V. Roman Catholic Emanci- 
pation, i. 43, 84 ; at Weymouth, i. 
48, 63 ; has recourse to the Whigs, 
i. 74; "has not yet sent for 
Wardle," i. 97 ; Princess Amelia's 
illness and death, i. 98, 135 ; his 
letter to Perceval, i. 99 ; Canning 
and Castlereagh, i. 106 ; his popu- 
larity, i. 113; "the Gentleman at 
the end of the Mall," i. 118, 132 ; 
the Walcheren Expedition, i. 131 ; 
the Princess Charlotte, i. 175 ; his 
death, i. 295, 296 ; Princess Eliza- 
beth's marriage, *'. 339 ; shut up for 
10 years, ii. 16 ; " Old Nobbs," 
ii. 119 ; parting with Lord North, 
ii. 246 ; Coke's violent speech 
against, ii. 294 ; some correspon- 
dence with Lord North, ii. 318 
George IV., i. 4, 46, no, 257 ; ii. 75, 

79, 90, 115, 117, 120, 208 ; proposed 
substitution of Council for Viceroy 
in Ireland, i. 16 ; and George III., 
i. 17 ; a military command for, i. 
1 8 ; his attachment to the old no- 
bility, i. 26 ; "a Regency must be 
resorted to," i. 27 ; and Fox, i. 27, 
28, 46, 47, 82, 146 ; a kind of 
Cabinet, *'. 31 ; invites Creevey to 
dinner, i. 32 ; and the Whigs, i. 
39, 62, 76, 176, 177 ; Romilly, i. 
40 ; Creevey's account of, i. 46-51, 
57-59, 62, 63; and Sheridan, i. 57, 
58 ; Warren Hastings, i. 59 ; and 
the Duke of York, i. 63, 113, 140, 
2O 9> 3OS> "had got more wine 
than usual," i. 65 ; Mrs. Creevey 
on, i. 65-73, I47-H9 5 the air-gun, 
i. 66 ; Mrs. Fitzherbert, i. 66, 82, 
139 ; his grief at Nelson's death, 
i. 70 ; Rev. W. Price's letter to, i. 
76 ; Tufnell and Colchester, i. 81 ; 
his threat to Perceval, i. ill ; ap- 
pointed Regent changed attitude 
towards Ministers, i. 135-137, 142, 
144, 145, 152 ; Bank Note Bill, i. 
145 ; at Brighton, i. 146-150; Wel- 
lington and the Peninsular War, i. 
147, 149 ; Viotti, the violinist, i. 
148 ; on Sir Willoughby Gordon, 
i. 150, 151 ; end of Creevey's in- 
timacy with, i. 151; the Dandy 
ball incident, i. 183 ; reconstructs 
the Cabinet, i, 152-162; Grey and 
Grenville, i. 152, 156; sends for 
Wellesley, i. 155 j for Moira, i. 
I57> I59 163, 164; scandalous 
treatment of Princess of Wales, i. 
175-188, 193, 201, 203, 212, 253 ; 
Brougham's support of the Princess, 
i. 176, 177-182; "our magnani- 
mous regent," i. 187 ; Whitbread 
on, i. 191 ; visit of foreign royalties, 
i. 187-197 ; Princess Charlotte's 
engagement, i. 197 ; ill, i. 207, 259, 
266, 297 ; ii. 104, 105, 109, 146 ; 
M. A. Taylor, i. 211 ; ii. 116 ; for 
war with France, i. 214 ; Bennet 
on, i. 241 ; and Ossulston, i. 244 ; 
his nickname for Dean Legge of 
Windsor, i. 247 ; "has left off his 
stays," i. 263 ; Duke of Kent on, 
i. 268 ; Folkestone on, i. 272 ; 
Wellington on, i. 279 ; Brougham 
on, i. 294 ; succeeds to throne, i. 
295 ; hostility to, i. 299 ; excludes 
Queen's name from Liturgy, i. 302- 
304; Sam Spring, i. 310; the 



chambermaid's evidence, i. 313 ; 
wants to go to Hanover, i. 314 ; 
divorce clause abandoned, i. 319; 
his intended changes, i. 320 ; Hutch- 
inson and Donoughmore at Windsor 
with, i. 326, 328; "greatly de- 
ceived," i. 333 ; his coronation, ii. 
I j insults Prince Leopold, ii. 7, 
8; "has slept none," ii. 16 ; his 
unpopularity, ii. 18 ; his Knights 
of the Thistle, ii. 19, 27; squabbles 
with his Ministers, ii. 20 ; Lady 
Jersey's relations with, ii. 25 ; de- 
termined to marry again, ii. 28 ; the 
print of his sacred feet, ii. 29 ; in 
Ireland, ii. 30, 31 ; Lady Conyng- 
ham's opposition ball, ii. 38 ;Castle- 
reagh's death, ii. 43 ; in Edinburgh, 
ii. 45 ; his sisters and Lady Conyng- 
ham, ii. 48 ; and the Whigs, ii. 56, 
118 ; Lord Albert D. Conyngham, 
ii. 58 ; the reference in his speech 
to Spain, ii. 61, 62; Lord Bath's 
blue ribbon, ii. 73 ; at Ascot races, 
ii. 77, 88; "getting very old and 
cross," ii. 83; quarrel with Lady 
Conyngham, ii. 89, 96 ; distrusts 
Canning, ii. 103 ; the Roman 
Catholic question, ii. 108, 198, 200 ; 
instructs Canning to form a minis- 
try, ii. no, in, 113; Canning's 
death, ii. 122, 125 ; Snip Robinson, 
Premier, ii. 123, 142; his "good 
friend Wellington," ii. 124, 159 ; 
Herries, Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer, ii. 128 ; and Brougham, 
ii. 129, 146 ; on Navarino, ii. 140 ; 
and Lady Conyngham, ii. 148 ; 
" crept into town," ii. 155 ; Buck- 
ingham Palace, ii. 156 ; and Fer- 
guson, ii. 157 ; Bishop of Win- 
chester's reproof, ibid. ; on Creevey, 
ii. 1 60 ; reports about his health, ii. 
187 ; Captain Garth's case, ii. 196 ; 
v. the Pope, ii. 197 ; his horse " the 
Colonel," ii. 199, 210; on the 
Wellington - Winchilsea duel, ii. 
200 ; and Grey, ii. 201 ; his last ill- 
ness and death, ii. 210, 21 1, 325 ; 
the Ordnance Department tents, 
ii. 233 ; preserved all Mrs. Fitz- 
herbert's letters, ii. 320 ; Sir John 
Lade and, ii. 335 

Gerard, General, ii. 202 

Gerobtzoff, Madame, i. 57, 72 

Gibbon, Edward, ii. 257 

Gibbs, i. 132 

Gifford, Countess of, i. 39 

Gifford, Sir Robert (afterwards Lord), 


Giles, Mr., M.P., i. 99, in 

Gillespie, Rev., i. 320 

Gilray, ii. 29 

Gladstone, Bart., Sir John, i. 120, 
168, 2ii, 253 

Gladstone, W. E., i. 253 

Glasgow, 4th Earl of, ii. 300 

Glenelg, Lord, ii. 313, 326, 334, 335 

Glengall, Lady, ii. 29, 38, 60, 107 

Glengall, Lord, ii. 107 

Glenlyon, Lord, ii. 157 

Gloucester, Duchess of, i. 333 ; ii. 7, 
197, 262 

Gloucester, Duke of ("Slice"), i. 
178, 183, 193, 308, 332, 333 ; ii. 
71,275; declares himself a Radical, 
ii. 6, 7 ; a proverbial bore, ii. 9 ; a 
scene between Wellington and, ii. 
67 ; dangerously ill, ii. 299 

Goderich, J. Robinson, Viscount, 
Premier, ii. 97, 120, 123, 128, 133, 
154; "will cry himself out of 
office," ii. 129; " a minister pour 
rire," ii. 135 ; resigns, ii. 141, 144; 
in favour of new peers, ii. 241 

Goderich, Lady, ii. 305 

Goldsmith, Lewis, ii. 324 

Goodall, Provost of Eton, ii. 263 

Goodwood, ii. 162 

Gordon, Colonel Sir Willoughby, 
Secretary to Commander-in-Chief, 
i. 49, 150, 332 ; British Minister at 
Troppau, ii. 4 

Gordon, 4th Duke of, *. 167 

Gordon, Hon. Sir Alexander, i. 172, 


Gordon, James, i. 319 
Gordon, Jane, Duchess of, i, 34, 167 
Gordon, Mr., ii. 254 
Gore, Charles, ii. 329, 332 
Gosford, 3rd Earl of, ii. 191 
Goulbourn, Henry, Chancellor of the 

Exchequer, ii. 212, 302 
Gower, Lord (afterwards 2nd Duke 

of Sutherland), ii. 47, 48 
Grafton, Duke of, i. 167, 308 ; ii. 79, 


Graham, Rt. Hon. Sir James, First 
Lord of the Admiralty, ii. 234, 
305 ; the Reform Bill draft, ii. 264 ; 
resigns office on Irish Church Bill, 
ii. 273, 276; "canting," ii. 274; 
Grey complains bitterly of, ii. 282 

Grammont, Antoine, Due de, ii. 307 

Granard, 2nd Earl of, . 160 

Granard, 6th Earl of, i. 160 



Grant, Rt. Hon. Charles, Lord 
Glenelg, President of the Board of 
Control, ii. 159, 213, 234, 269, 296 

Grant, Robert, Governor of Bombay, 
ii. 234 

Grantham, Lord, i. 336 

Granville, Countess, i. 184, 254 j ii. 
60, 96, 306 

Granville, Earl, i. 2 1 6, 255, 322; 
ii. 306 

Grattan, i. 114, 121, 216, 228; ii. 
175, 178, 179, 181, 183 

Great Northern Railway, ii. 291 

Greathed, Mr., i. 230 

Greece v. Turkey, ii. 133 

Greenwood, i. 34 ; ii. 242 

Gregory, Under Secretary for Ireland, 
ii. 177 

Grenfell, Charles, ii. 226, 252, 290, 

Grenfell, Pascoe, ii. 218 

Grenville, C., ii. 167 

Grenville, Lord, i. 4, 114, 121, 142, 
144, 146, 157, 163-165, 180 ; leader 
of the Old Whigs, i. 3, 21 ; for 
Fox, i. 28 ; ii. 119 j v. Pitt, i. 28 ; 
forms a coalition Cabinet, "All 
the Talents," i. 75; ii. 117; resigns 
on Roman Catholic question, i. 
84 ; the extreme members of the 
Opposition, i. 87 ; the anti-war 
party's rage, i. 93, 94 ; Ministers' 
offers to, i. 106, no; and 
Brougham, i. 119 j Tierney, i. 127 ; 
Wellesley, i. 129, 130 ; his offer to 
Whitbread, i. 137 ; refuses to 
reinstate Duke of York as Com- 
mander-in-Chief, i. 140 ; declines 
office under Prince Regent, i. 152 j 
Prince Regent on, i. 156; against 
war, i. 161 ; called by Brougham 
"Bogey," i. 178, 216; and 
"Snoutch," i. 247; Alexander I. 
and, i. 195 ; Grey's firmness, i. 214 ; 
called "the Stale" by Bennet, i. 
217 ; supports Pains and Penalties 
Bill, i. 336 ; Grey and Whitbread, 
ii. 118 

Grenville, Tom, i. 4, 21, 28, 255 

Gresley, Lady Sophia, ii. 81 

Gresley, Sir Roger, ii. 8 1 

Greville, Charles Cavendish Fulke, 
Clerk of the Council (" Punch "), ii. 
59, 79, 142, 169, 214, 223, 226, 233, 
236, 241, 261, 312, 314, 330 

Greville, Lady Charlotte, i. 215, 225- 
227, 278, 279, 289, 314; ii. 48, 
1 60, 236 

Greville Memoirs, ii, 211, 215 

Grey, 1st Earl, i. 196 ; it. 273 

Grey, Charles, 2nd Earl, i. 13, 23, 

27, 29, 30, 47, 87, 94, 108, 1 10, 

120, 128, 130, 137, 142-144, 153, 

157, 158, 165, 172, 192, 217, 242, 

243, 256, 265, 308, 318, 319, 333 ; 

ii. 6, 9, 10, 15, 35, 37, 57, 79, 81, 

83, 116, 124, 142, 154, 201, 210, 

223, 229, 234, 260, 268, 284, 307, 

309, 321 ; his letter to Mrs. Ord 
(Creevey) on execution of Louis 
XVI., i. i ; the Prince of Wales 
and Fox, i. 26 ; commission on 
Army abuses, i. 34 ; on continental 
confederacies, i. 44 ; Prince of 
Wales on, i. 72, 156, 163; the 
reports of Pitt's illness, i. 80 ; 
one of his best speeches, i. 81 ; 
Ministers' offers to, i. 106, 109, 
162, 164 ; the Holland campaign, 
i. 107, 121-123, 129, 161 ; and 
Whitbread, i. in, 139, 182; and 
Ponsonby, i. 117; his speech against 
Wellington, i. 123 ; Tierney' s influ- 
ence, i. 124-126 ; a job by Bishop 
Mansel's brother, i. 129 ; on 
Creevey, i. 139 ; declines to rein- 
state Duke of York as Com- 
mander-in-Chief, i. 140 ; " will be 
passed over," i. 146 ; refuses office 
under Prince Regent, i. 152 ; and 
Brougham, i. 173, 193, 253; ii. 129, 
133, 140, 149, 184, 219, 220, 285, 
287, 289, 292, et seq. ; semi-pacific, 
i. 1 78 ; the Fox dinner at Newcastle, 
i. 187 ; and Alexander I., i. 195 ; 
and Napoleon, i. 196, 240; and 
Grenville, i. 214, 247 ; on the 
Divorce question, i. 259 ; spies and 
informers exposed by, i. 263 ; 
Wellington on, i. 287 ; ii. 121 ; 
Pains and Penalties Bill, i, 299, 

310, 3I3 317, 325> 326, 329, 
33 i > 332, 334, 336, 337; " 7; 
proposed epitaph for Fox, i. 300 ; 
on the Queen's letter to the King, 
i. 306 j Francis andfanius, ii. 8 ; 
Whitbread, Canning and, ii. 118; 
his son and Lord Darlington, ii. 
122; the Old Whig Guard repre- 
sented by, ii. 130 ; on Lady London- 
derry's dress, ii. 132 ; and the 
Malignants, ii. 135 ; on the Turkish 
scrape, ii. 139, 140; his specula- 
tions on the new Government after 
Goderich's resignation, ii. 141 ; 
on Wellington's Cabinet, ii. 144, 



145, 151; his new "Wellington" 
coat, ii. 155 ; and Duke of Sussex, 
ibid. ; his panegyric on Peel, ii. 
196 ; and Roman Catholic Emanci- 
pation, ii. 199 ; and Rosslyn as 
Privy Seal, ii. 202 ; Premier, ap- 
points Creevey Treasurer of Ord- 
nance, ii. 215 ; William IV. and, 
ii. 216, 231, 246, 274, 276, 286; 
and Lord Durham, ii. 217, 232, 
265, 277, 291 ; the Pension List, 
ii. 218; the Timu? attacks on, ii. 
219, 220, 257 ; on Stanley, ii. 219 ; 
his advice to Sir John Shelley, ii. 
222 ; dismissal of Seymour and 
Meynell from the King's house- 
hold, ii. 225 ; his appeal for a 
dissolution, ii. 227-229 ; reduction 
of Creevey's salary, ii. 228; K.G., 
ii. 232 ; down with influenza, ii. 
233 ; the Reform Bill, ii. 236, 237, 
247, 264; insists on Lord Hill 
voting against Wellington, ii. 240 ; 
the proposed peer- making, ii. 241, 
243, 244 ; withdraws his resignation, 
ii. 244, 245 ; Creevey's retirement, 
ii. 249 ; Stanley's obstinacy about 
Irish tithes, ii. 252; whist at 
Windsor Castle, ii. 262 ; Palmer- 
ston's intimacy with Lady Jersey, 
ii. 269 ; his change of tone towards 
Talleyrand, ibid. ; and J. Parkes, 
ii. 271 ; Creevey's heartwhole de- 
votion to, ii. 272 ; Creevey's fore- 
cast, ii. 279 ; appoints Creevey to 
the Greenwich Hospital estates, ii. 
281 ; complains of Stanley and 
Graham, ii. 282 ; resigns, ii. 282 j 
his farewell speech, ii. 283 ; his 
passion for dancing, ibid. ; Essex 
and, ii. 290 ; in retirement, ii. 292- 
301 j O'Connell's abuse of, ii. 306 j 
Queen Victoria's voice and speech, 
ii. 323 ; letters to Creevey, i. 45, 
74;ii. 125, 133, 139,144 
Grey, 3rd Earl. See Howick, Lord 
Grey, Countess, i. 80, 82, 91, 162 ; ii. 
155, 184, 210, 215, 217, 219, 225, 
243, 248, 254, 262, 263, 267, 271, 
273, 276, 283, 285, 287, 290, 292, 
294, 295, 306 
Grey, Frederick, ii. 292 
Grey, General Charles, i. 80 j ii. 243, 


Grey, Harry, i. 69; ii. 292, 328 
Grey, Lady Elizabeth, ii. 81, 83, 306 
Grey, Lady Georgiana, ii. 243, 262, 
292, 306, 323 


Grey, Lady Hannah (afterwards Bet- 
tesworth, then Ellice), ii. 273 

Grey, Lady Louisa (afterwards Dur- 
ham), i. 265 j ii. 7, 10, 15, 83, 92, 
95, 276 

Grey, Mrs., i. 128 ; ii. 91, 140 

Grey of Morrick, Colonel, ii. 294 

Griffiths, Lieut. (Guards), wounded at 
Waterloo, ii. 233 

Gronow, Captain, ii. 273 

Grosvenor, Bob, ii. 81, 100, 128 

Grosvenor, Earl (afterwards 2nd Mar- 
quess of Westminster), ii. 260 

Grosvenor, General, ii. 57 

Grouchy, Marechal, i. 237 

Guiche, Madame de, ii. 288 

Guilford, Earl of, i. 31, 257, 322 j ii. 
246, 318 

Gully, John, prize-fighter, i. 64 ; ii. 
157, 210 

Gurwood, Wellington Despatches, ii. 

3H, 315 
Gwydyr, Dowager Lady (Lady Wil- 

loughby d'Eresby), i. 311 
Gwydyr, Lord, ii. 104 


Habeas Corpus, i. 263 

Hadley, Lord, i. 76 

Halford, Sir Henry, i. 130 ; ii. 234, 

243, 262 

Halket, General, i. 222 
Hallam, Henry, ii. 272 
Hallyday, Lady Jane, ii. 75 
Hamick, Bart., Sir , Lord Grey's 

doctor, ii. 329 
Hamilton, Colonel, at Waterloo, i. 

220, 225, 229-231, 238; wounded, 

234, 235 ; at Cambray, 277 
Hamilton, Mrs. (nfo Ord), i. 220, 225, 

278, 283, 286 
Hamilton, 9th Duke of, i. 309 ; ii. 


Hamilton, Lady, i. 70, 340 
Hamilton, Lady Anne, i. 302, 309 ; 

ii. 17, 24 
Hamilton, Lady Charles Douglas- 

(afterwards Duchess of Somerset), 

ii. 64 
Hamilton, Lord Archibald, i. 85, 122, 

128, 309 ; ii. 9, 50, 64 
Hammersley, i. 34 
Hammond, General, i. 150 
Hamond, Sir Andrew, i. 277 
Hanbury-Williams, Sir Charles, ii. 


2 A 



Hansard^ i. 81 

Hardinge, Sir Henry, ii. 157 

Hardy, Lady, i. 256 

Hardy, Sir Thomas, i. 256 

Hare, i. 61, 84 

Harewood, Earl of, ii. 32 

Hargrave, Mr., i. 194 

Harper, General (America), i. 279 

Harrington, 2nd Earl of, /'. 57 

Harrington, 3rd Earl of, i. 56, 330 ; 

ii. 191 

Harrowby, Countess of, i. 324 
Harrowby, 1st Earl of, i. 165, 314, 

324, 328 j ii. 242, 244 
Harvey, Mr., i. 238 
Harvey, Mrs., i. 276, 279 
Harvey, Sir John, ii. 328 
Hastings, 1st Marquess of, ii. 285 
Hastings, Warren, i. 59, 61 
Hastings, Mrs. Warren, i. 59 
Hatherton, Lord, ii. 288, 305 
Hawarden, Lady, ii. 174 
Hawkesbury, Lord. See Liverpool, 

Earl of 
Hay, Lord, killed at Quatre Bras, i. 

Hayter, his picture of the Queen's 

trial, ii. 70, 330 

Headfort, Marquess of, i. 244 ; ii. 326 
Heathcote, Gilbert, ii. 75 
Heber, Bishop of Calcutta, ii. 218 
Heber, Mrs., ii. 218 
Heber, M.P. for Oxford, ii. 64 
Henry, Mr., ii. 236 
Herries, J. C., Chancellor of the 

Exchequer, ii. 128, 140 
Hertford, Isabella, Marchioness of, i. 

82, 148, 189, 214; ii. I, 148, 320 
Hertford, Marquess of, i. 214, 320 ; ii. 

13. 56, 94, 101, 221, 225, 227 
Hervey, Lord, i. 277, 281 ; ii. 87, 


Hesse-Homburg, Frederick, Land- 
grave of, i. 339; ii. 17, 20 
Heywood, Arthur, ii. 268 
Heywood, Samuel, i. 130, 170 
Hieronymus, Queen Caroline's major- 
domo, ii. 17 
Hill, Lord Arthur (afterwards Lord 

Sandys), i. 236, 238, 239, 283 j ii. 

87, 198, 210 
Hill, Lord, Commander-in-Chief, 

" Daddy," i. 277, 278 ; ii. 154, 157 ; 

votes against Wellington, ii. 240 ; 

on Queen Victoria, ii. 330 
Hill, Miss, i. 277 
Hinchcliflfe, Mr., ii. 36 
Hcbart, Secretary for Ireland, ii. 179 

Ilobhouse, John Cam (afterwards Lord 
Broughton), ii. 64, Si, 83, 99 ; and 
General Mina, ii. 74 ; on Creevey's 
Reform pamphlet, ii. 99 j Woods 
and Forests, ii. 285 

Holland, Lady, " Madagascar,'*!. 82, 
157, 208, 249, 273, 300, 330, 341 ; 
ii. 4, 9, 15, 26, 37, 56, 58, 69, 74, 
86, 209, 269, 284, 309, 311, 312, 
322, 329 ; her letters to Mrs. 
Creevey, i. 183, 184, 189, 205, 
246, 264; her "nutshell," ii. 154; 
"I tell you she's 57," ii. 156 ; and 
Sefton's flowers, ii. 256; "eating 
like a horse," ii. 267; her "pro- 
cession," ii. 313 ; evidently failing, 
ii. 314 ; her flattery, ii. 333 

Holland, Lord, i. 114, 120, 158; ii. 
3, 4, 9, 39, 74, 128, 129, 155, 209, 
33> 312, 313, 332, 333 J Whitbread 
on, i. 100 ; Creevey on, i. 143 ; on 
the state of public affairs, i. 144 ; 
and Wellesley, i. 153; "quite in- 
imitable," i. 156 j and Alexander I., 
i. 195; ii. n5; on Napoleon, i. 
196 j his letters to Creevey, i. 206, 
239, 263, 264, 292 ; his love of 
tennis, i. 246 ; his daughter's death, 
i. 260 ; the Pains and Penalties 
Bill, i. 308, 325, 334 ; Wellington's 
scrape, ii. 6 ; his apology to the 
Emperor of Russia, ii. 15 ; his Bill 
to enable Duke of Norfolk to 
officiate as Earl Marshal, ii. 78 ; 
denounced by the Malignants, ii. 
136 ; defends the Navarino business, 
ii. 141 j the Reform Bill, ii. 236, 
247 ; on peer-making, ii. 241 ; his 
agreeableness, ii. 267, 272 ; making 
offers to Lord Howick, ii. 295 ; the 
repository of Brougham's confi- 
dential letters, ii. 301 

Holland, Henry, 4th Lord, ii. 268 

Holmes, William, ii. 213, 221 

Hood, Viscount, Lord Chamberlain to 
Queen Caroline, ii. 3, 18, 20, 21 

Hood, Viscountess, ii. 17, 24 

Hope, M.P. for Lancashire, i. 36, 280, 

Hoppner, his portrait of Berkeley and 
Keppel Craven, ii. 14 

Horn, John, of Cambridge, i. 169 

Hornby, Mrs., i. 17 

Hornbys of Knowsley, the, i. 171, 203 

Home, Mr., Surgeon of Newcastle- 
on-Tyne, i. 186 

Homer, Francis, i. 99, 112, 156, 249 ; 
his motion on McMahon's salary, 



i. 161 ; Western on, i. 251 ; on the 
Sinking Fund, i. 252 ; his death, 
i. 278 

Horton, Mr., i. 171 
House of Commons, tone of debates 

in, i. 21 

Houses of Parliament, burnt, ii. 288 
Houston, Lady Jane, /. 148 ; ii. 203 
Howard, Bernard. See Norfolk, 1 2th 

Duke of 

Howard, Lord, ii. 9 
Howard of Effingham, Lord, i. 336 
Howick, Lady (Maria Copley), i. 80, 

295. 306, 310 

Howick, Lord (afterwards 3rd Earl of 

Grey), i. 80 ; ii. 31, 59, 81, 122, 

165, 243, 295, 296, 300, 310, 321, 


Howman, a witness in the Queen's 

trial, i. 329, 335 
Howorth, Mr., i. 78 
Howth, Lord, ii. 188 
Hughes, Colonel J., ii. 230, 231 
Hughes of Kinmel (afterwards Lord 

Dinorben), /. 80 ; ii. 70 
Hughes of Kinmel, Mrs. (afterwards 

Lady Dinorben), i. 80 
Hugomont, i. 237, 239 
Hume, Dr., i. 239 ; ii. 209, 303 
Hume, Joseph, ii. 35, 50, 63, 66, 74, 

76, 251, 252, 303 
Hundred Days, the, i. 213, 21 8 
Hunloke, Miss Charlotte (Countess of 

Albemarle), ii. 33 
Hunt, Henry, " Orator," ii. 55 
Huntly, Marchioness of (Lady E. 

Conyngham), i. 333 ; ii. 33 
Huntly, 9th Marquess of, i. 125, 333 
Huskisson, Rt. Hon. William, Secre- 
tary to the Treasury, i. 36, 161, 
164, 183 ; First Commissioner 
Woods and Forests, i. 207 ; ii. 70 ; 
Canning and, ii. 99-101, 122 ; the 
Corn Bill, ii. 122 ; his load of un- 
popularity, ii. 141 ; and Welling- 
ton's Cabinet, ii. 144, 145; "fell 
50 per cent, in last night's jaw," ii. 
152 ; resigns on Corn Laws, ii. 
I 5&t 159 ; on Stanley, "the Hope 
of the Nation," ii. 203 j killed at 
Liverpool, ii. 213 
Hutchinson, Hon. Christopher H., 

M.P. for Cork, i. 160 ; ii. 28 
Hutchinson, Lord, on substitution of 
Council for Viceroy in Ireland, i. 
16 ; Commander of Army in Egypt, 
i. 48 ; the true account of Auster- 
litz, i. 49 ; Mrs. Creevey's " chief 

flirt," i. 73 ; " Wellington ought 
to be hanged," i. 130 ; and the 
Prince Regent, i. 138, 141, 142, 
146, 149 ; the Russian accounts of 
their victories, i. 169 ; and Queen 
Caroline, i. 302; ii. 28; interview 
with the king, i. 326 ; and Creevey, 
i- 334. 335 J Creevey's visit to, ii. 

Ibrahim, General (Turkey), ii. 133 
Influenza, prevalence of, ii. 233, 252, 


Inverness, Duchess of (Lady Cecilia 
Buggin, Duchess of Sussex), ii. 230, 
243, 258, 329 

Irby, Mr., ii. 100 

Ireland, anomaly of the Lord Lieu- 
tenancy, i. 1 6 ; Creevey's visit to 
and impressions of, ii. 168-192 ; 
Donoughm ore's recollections of, 
ii. 178-180 ; Anglesey's view of, ii. 

Irish Church Reform, ii. 254-256, 

273, 274 

Irving, Edward, ii. 75, 85 

Isle of Man, i. 37 ; Receiver- General- 
ship offered to Creevey, ii. 249, 250 

Italy, Napoleon in command of the 
army in, i. 6 

[acobins, masters of Paris, i. 214, 217 

[effrey, Francis, Lord, i. 205 

[effrey, Rev. , i. 319 

[ekyll, i. 189 

[enkinson, Lady Selina (afterwards 

Lady Milton), ii. 277 
Jerningham, Mrs., ii. 319, 320 
Jersey, Frances, Countess of, ii. I, 25 
Jersey, Sarah Sophia, Countess of, i. 
189, 297, 318, 324, 326, 332 ; H. 39, 
113, 132, 150, 1 60, 234, 270; 
Alexander I. waltzing with, i. 197 j 
the " Lady Augusta " of Glenarvon t 
i. 254 j and Brougham, i. 259, 295 ; 
ii. 73, 133 ; Creevey's visit to Mid- 
dleton, i. 295, 296 ; "herself is a 
host," ii. 9 ; and Mrs. Brougham, 
ii. 71 ; scene between Durham and, 
ii. 219 ; mad against Reform, ii. 
223 ; and Wellington, ii. 232 ; 
Palmerston and, ii. 268, 269 ; Lady 
Pembroke v. f ii. 312 



John Bull, ii. 2 

Johnson, Dr. S., London, i. 134 

Johnson, Mrs., ii. 75 

Johnson, Sir John, Superintendent- 
General and Inspector-General of 
Indian affairs in British North 
America, ii. 64 

Johnstone, Bart., Sir G. F., ii. 311 

Johnstone, George, i. 62, 64, 65, 67, 
68, 70 

Johnstone, Lady Louisa, ii. 311 

Johnstone, Miss, i. 65-68 

Jordan, Mrs., ii. 300 

Jourdan, Camille, i. 7 

Juarenais, Madame de, i. 233, 234 

Juarenais, Marquis de, i. 231, 233, 


Junius, Letters of, ii. 8 
Junot, General, i. 89 
Juvenal, 3rd Satire, i. 134 


Karaiskaki, General (Greece), ii. 133 

Kean, ii. 76 

Keith, Lady, ii. 269, 270 

Keith, Lord, i. 149 

Kemeys-Tynte, Mr., ii. 313 

Kempt, General Sir James, Com- 
mander 8th Brigade at Waterloo, ii. 
254, 258, 259, 267 

Kennedy, Mr., ii. 224 

Kensington, Lady, ii. 71 

Kensington, 2nd Lord (" Og, King of 
Bashan"), i. 78, in, 112, 114; ii. 
39, 62, 71, 196 ; Creevey and the 
Lord Mayor's invitation card, i. 
338 ; on France and Louis XVIII. , 
ii. 6 1 ; story of the Duke of Buck- 
ingham, ii. 69 ; tenders his son's 
resignation to Canning, ii. 72 ; the 
facts of the Garth case, ii. 197 

Kent, Duchess of, i. 282, 283, 284; ii. 
83, 210 ; and Queen Victoria, ii. 
228, 257, 324-326; absent from 
William IV. 's coronation, ii. 237, 
238; Creevey, ii. 277 ; her fetes at 
Kensington, ii. 310; Creevey play sv 
whist with, ii. 327, 328; and 
Conroy, ii. 332 

Kent, Duke of, i. 113, 115, 276, 297 ; 
Creevey's notes on a conversation 
with, i. 269-271 ; ii. 325 ; his 
mother's illness, i. 282 ; his appear- 
ance, i. 283 ; Wellington's jokes 
about, i. 284 
Kenyon, Lord, i. 308 

Keogh, a Dublin silk mercer, ii. 1 78, 

Keppel, Lady Anne (Countess of 
Leicester), ii. 36, 97 

Keppel, Lady Mary (afterwards 
Stephenson), ii. 97 

Kerr, Lord Mark, i. 18 

Kerry, Earl of, ii. 208, 254 

Kerry, Knight of, ii. 112, 114, 181 

Kew, Mr., ii. 50 

Kilkenny, the Catholic meeting at, ii. 

King, Lady, ii. 71, 72 

King, Lord, ii. 10, 64, 71, 72, 79 

Kingston, Earl of, ii. 30, 79 

Kinnaird, Hon. Douglas, ii. 74, 98, 

Kinnaird, Lady Olivia (Fitzgerald), i. 
273 ; ii. 102 

Kinnaird, Lord, i. 114, 246, 258, 262 ; 
ii. 232 ; against Prince Regent and 
Bank Note Bill, i. 146 ; his arrest 
by Napoleon, i. 244; takes Lady 
C. Lamb's Glenarvon to Mrs. 
Creevey, i. 254; and the Antiquary, 
i. 255 ; Wellington and the Marinet 
incident, i. 272, 276 ; the plot in 
Prince of Orange's favour, i. 286 ; 
his fatal illness, ii. IOI 

Kirkwall, Lord (afterwards 5th Earl 
of Orkney), ii. 96 

Knatchbull, Mr., ii. 302 

Knight, Mr., a barrister, ii. 197 

Knighton, Sir William, i. 129 ; ii. 
104, 120; George IV.'s executor, 
ii. 233 

Labedoyre, General, /. 246 

Lade, Sir John, Queen Victoria's 
generosity to, ii. 335, 336 

La Fayette, i. 7; ii. 178 

Lamb, George, ii. 39, 201 

Lamb, Hon. William.^ , See Mel- 
bourne, Viscount 

^amb, Lady Caroline (nee Ponsonby), 
Glenarvon : The Fatal Passion, i. 

Lamb, Mrs. George, ii. 2, 39 

Lambton, Hedworth, ii. 329 

Lambton, John George. See Dur- 
ham, Earl of 

Lambton, Lady Louisa (nte Grey). 
See Durham, Countess of 

Lambton, Mrs. William, ii. 83 

Lancey, de, i. 238 



Lane, Mr. and Mrs. Fox, ii. 96, 214 

Langdale, Lord and Lady, ii. 322 

Langford, Lord, i. 294 

Lansdowne, Henry Petty,3rd Marquess 
of, i. 10, 128, 162, 259, 308, 318, 
326, 3293 336, 340 ; ii. 35, 74, 95, 
112-116, 122, 126, 142, 154, 208, 
322 ; Chancellor of the Exchequer 
in " All the Talents," i. 42 ; amend- 
ment censuring Pitt, i. 74 ; opposed 
at Cambridge by Palmerston and 
Althorp, i. 75-77 ; Whitbread on 
his leadership of the House of Com- 
mons, i. 100, 112 ; succeeds to Earl- 
dom, i. 100, 113; and Creevey, i. 
122, 141 ; Grey's view of Canning, 
i. 158 ; Alexander I. and, i. 19$ ; 
Wellington on, i. 286 ; a furious 
speech, i. 325 ; Wellington's scrape, 
ii. 6 ; Soult's offer of Murillos, ii. 
70; Althorp on, ii. 117, 121 ; 
Goderich put over him, ii. 123 ; 
and Herries, ii. 128 ; denounced 
by the Malignants, ii. 136 ; in 
favour with George IV., ii. 140, 
141; Seftonon, ii. 144;." Roscius," 
ii. 234 ; Auckland's appointment 
to the Admiralty, ii. 277 

Lansdowne, Marchioness of, i. 256 

Lansdowne, 2nd Marquess of, i. 36, 
loo, 113, 130 

Laon, i. 280 

Las Casas, ii. 6l 

Lascelles, Lord, i. 294 

Latouche, David, his motion v. 
Catholic petition to Irish House of 
Commons, ii. 178 

Lauderdale, 8th Earl of, i. 13, 130, 
184, 208, 209, 213, 253, 256, 297 j 
ii. 26, 151 ; Byron's poem rejected 
by Murray, i. 294 ; and Brougham, 
i. 30 ; ii. 28, 154 ; the Queen's trial, 
* 317, 323, 332, 335 ; K.T., ii. 27 ; 
negotiates between George IV. and 
Lady Conyngham, ii. 89 

La Vallette, i. 246 

Lawley, M.P. for Warwickshire, ii. 

Lawrence, Sir Thomas, his portrait of 

Lady Conyngham, ii. 34 
Leach, Mrs., i. 258 
Leach, y ice-Chancellor, i. 298, 312, 

333 ; ii. 96, 217 
Leamington, Creevey' s opinion of, ii. 


Leconfield, 1st Lord, ii. 165 
Lee, spokesman at Covent Garden, i. 


Leeds, Duke of, ii. 156 

Legge, Dean of Windsor, " Mother 

Frump," i. 247 
Legh of Lyme, M.P. for Newton, i. 

Leicester, Countess of (Lady Anne 

Keppel), ii. 36 
Leicester, Rev. , ii. 170 
Leicester, 1st Earl of. See Coke, 

Leicester, Thomas William, 1st Earl 

of, ii. 36, 76, 332 
Leigh, Egerton, of the West Hall, 

Cheshire, ii. 148 
Leigh, Marianne (Hon. Mrs. James 

Abercromby), ii. 148 
Leinster, Duchess of, ii. 191 
Leinster, Duke of, i. 308, 310 ; ii. 6, 

3i 79, 154, 181, 190, 238 
Le Marchant, Brougham's secretary, 

ii. 237 

Lemon, Miss, ii. 36, 65 
L' Enfant, Council of Pisa, i. 293 
Lennox, Lady Louisa, ii. 87 
Lennox, Lord William, ii. 75 
Leopold, King of the Belgians, ii. 71, 

73, 257 
Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 

Prince, i. 258, 266, 270 j ii. 7, 83, 

Leveson, Lady Francis (ne Greville), 

ii. 48, 59 
Leveson, Lord Francis (afterwards 

Earl of Ellesmere), i. 185 j ii. 59, 

64, 188 

Leveson-Gower, Lord Francis, Secre- 
tary for Ireland, ii. 160, 169 
Leveson-Gower, Lord Granville, i. 


Leycester, i. 126 
Liancourt, M., i. 5 
Lichfield, Lady, ii. 277 
Liddell, ii. 8 1 

Lieven, Prince de, ii. 167, 262, 279 
Lieven, Princess de, i. 326 ; ii. I5> 

104, 129, 130, 167, 196, 262, 279, 

290, 309 
Ligny, i. 236 

Lindley, Hester (Mrs. R. B. Sheri- 
dan), i. 4, 39, 52, 54, 55, 60, 72, 


Lindley, Mr., i. 54, 55 
Lindsay, Lady Charlotte, i. 181, 182, 

199, 322, 33J " 3, 2 55 
Lindsay, Mr., i. 323 
Lister, ii. 74 
Littleton, created Lord Hatherton, ii. 

288, 305 



Liverpool, Sir Charles Jenkinson, 1st 
Lord Hawkesbury, and 1st Earl of, 
his speech on Russia's offer of 
mediation, i. 15 ; War Minister, 
i. 96 ; Wellington's letter on the 
Portuguese soldiers, i. 12S, 131 ; 
interview with Prince Regent, i. 
156; Canning and, i, 158 ; ii. 69, 
103 ; Prime Minister, i. 164, 165, 
174 ; his letter in reply to Princess 
of Wales' remonstrance, i. 176 ; 
entertains foreign royalties, i. 194 ; 
and Sheridan, i. 195; "Jenky," 
i. 211, 260 ; ii. 46 ; the Princess of 
Wales' intended return to Ken- 
sington Palace, i. 212 ; for peace, i. 
214; Roman Catholic Emancipa- 
tion, /. 293 j Queen Caroline's in- 
creased allowance, i. 301-304 ; 
Pains and Penalties Bill, i. 304, 
308, 309, 318, 329, 338; the divorce 
part of the Bill, i. 317; sharp 
words with Eldon, i. 323, 339 ; 
the Italian witnesses, i. 325, 336 ; 
and Grey, i. 332, 336, 337 ; Wel- 
lington's scrape, ii. 6 ; the Queen's 
Will, ii. 22 ; the King's Knights of 
the Thistle, ii. 27 ; trying to keep 
peace with Spain, ii. 62 ; the Corn 
Laws, ii. 101 j an apoplectic stroke, 
ii. 105, 108 

Liverpool, Charles Cecil Cope, 3rd 
Earl of, ii. 277 

Liverpool and Manchester Railway, ii. 
87, 203, 213 

Llandaff, Lord, Memoirs^ i. 264 j ii. 

Lloyd, ii. 36 

Loch, Mr., K.C., i. 108 

" Loco Motive machine," ii. 203 

Loison, General, i. 103 

Londonderry, Charles William, 3rd 
Marquess of, Wellington's Adjutant- 
General in the Peninsula, ii. 8i, 93, 

"3, 131, I35 153 

Londonderry, Frances Anne, Mar- 
chioness of, ii. 58, 80, 81, 91, 93 

Lonsdale, Countess of, ii. 127 

Lonsdale, 2nd Earl of, i. 254, 317, 
323 ; ii. 127, 147 

Lories, Baron, i. 227 

Lothian, 5th Marquess of, /. 18 

Louis XVI., guillotined, i. i 

Louis XVIII., and Fouche, *. 8; re- 
stored to throne, i. 187, 190; visits 
London, i. 187 ; Ney's offer about 
Napoleon, i. 214; Soult resigns 
War Ministry, i. 220 ; words, not 

deeds, i. 223 ; and Baron Lories, 
i. 227 ; well received at Le Cateau, 
i. 239 ; proposals to dethrone, i. 
286 ; 'Tierney's "frightful intelli- 
gence," ii. 4; the operation of 
signing papers, ii. 26 ; Kensington 
in a fury v.. ii. 6 1 ; Erskine's wish, 
ii. 68 

Louis Philippe, ii. 270, 309 
Lowe, Sir Hudson, Quarter-Master- 
General, i. 224 ; his marriage, i. 
247 ; Wellington on, i. 288, 289 ; 
O'Meara's letter to, ii. 40; and 
Major Poppleton, ii. 47 
Lowther, Lord, ii. 107, 147 
Lucien Buonaparte, i. 215, 226 
Lugano witnesses, the, i. 316, 317 
Lushington, Dr., i. 328 ; ii. 89, 312 ; 
present at Queen Caroline's death, 
ii. 21 ; the Queen's funeral, ii. 22, 
24 ; Phillimore put over his head, 
ii. 140 

Lushington, Mrs., ii. 89 
Luttrell, Henry, ii. 58, 167, 196, 223, 

236, 269, 272, 314 
Liitzen, Madame, Queen Victoria's 

governess, ii. 323 
Lyndhurst, Lady, ii. 198, 223 
Lyndhurst, Lord (Copley), ii. 95, 113, 

114, 244, 298, 300-302, 323, 324 
Lyttelton, Lord and Lady, ii. 255 


Macaulay, Lord, on Twiss, ii. 12 ; 
Lansdowne and, ii. 208 ; his "me- 
morable words," ii. 238 ; Creevey 
on, ii. 254 

Macdonald, James, i. 120, 161, 321, 
328 ; ii. 35, 120, 229, 254 

Macdonald, Marshal, i. 221 

Macdonald, Norman, ii. 180 

Mack, General (Austria), i. 44 

McKenzie, Mr., ii. 139, 143 

Mackintosh, Sir James, i. 3, 254 ; ii- 
12, 85, 141 ; in Paris, i. 5-7 ; and 
Perry, i. 298 j Fox's epitaph, i. 299, 

McMahon, Colonel Sir John, Prince 
Regent's private secretary, etc., i. 
39, 66, 71, 81, 82, 1 10, in, 136, 
140, 161, 178 ; ii. 105 

Maddock, Mr., i. 12 

Madrid, occupied by Wellington, i. 

Magdalene College, Cambridge, 
Library, ii, 280 



Magnetism (mesmerism), exhibition 

of, ii. 331 
Magra, 11. 175 
Mahon, Lord, i. 86 
Mahon, The O'Gorman, ii. 194 
Maitland, General Sir Peregrine, i. 

230 ; it. 1S5 

Maitland, Lady Julia, ii. 60 
Maitland, Lady Sarah (ne Gordon- 
Lennox), ii. 185 
Malignants, the, ii. 135, 136 ; quarrel 

with Brougham, ii. 149 
Mallet du Pan, M., i. 288 
Malmesbury, 1st Earl of, /. 277 
Malta, i. 10, 14 

Manchester, 6th Duke of, ii. 307 
Mann, Sir Horace, Minister at 

Florence, ii. 261 
Manners, Jack, i. 244 
Manners, Lady Louisa, ii. 75 
Manners, Lord Chancellor (Ireland), 

i. 314 ; ii. 63 
Manning, Mr., i. 125 
Mansel, Bishop, i. 129 
Mansfield, Lord, i. 337 
Manson, General, i. 61 
Manvers, Earl and Countess, ii. 254 
Marble Arch, ii. 308 
March, Lord, i. 222 
Marcot, M., i. 265 
Marie Antoinette, ii. 300 
Mariette, i. 328 
Marinet, i. 272, 276 
Marjoribanks, S., ii. 316 
Markham, Mr., i. 68 
Marlborough, Duke of, i. 13, 77 ; ii. 

162, 267 
Marmont, General, i. 172, 190, 225 ; 

ii. 247 
Martin, Harry, Master in Chancery, 

i. 136 ; ii. 68, 247 
Martin, Harry, the regicide, ii. 247 
Martyn, i. 100, 112 
Mary, Queen, ii. 165 
Maryborough, Lord, ii. 124 
Mathews, i. 54 
Maude, ii. 115 

Maule, Solicitor to Treasury, i. 323 
Maxwell of Monreith, Miss Catherine 

(Mrs. Fordyce), i. 34 
Maxwell, Sir William, of Monreith, 

M.P., i. ill, 122, 128 
Maynooth College, ii. 175, 179, 180, 


Meath, Lord, ii. 31 
Mecklenberg-Strelitz, Duke of, /. 205 
Melbourne, Viscount (Hon. William 

Lamb), i. 254, 255, 311 ; ii. 39> 

167, 213, 216, 219, 226, 264, 269, 
308, 321, 322, 328, 329 ; in favour 
of disfranchisement, ii. 158, 159; his 
crim. con. case, ii. 160; letters of 
introduction for Creevey, ii. 168 ; 
Secretary of State, ii. 234 ; and 
William IV., ii. 282-284, 286, 296, 
297 ; and Brougham, ii. 287, 288 ; 
action against, ii. 311 ; "all good 
nature and gaiety," ii. 313 ; and 
Queen Victoria, ii. 325, 327, 332 ; 
" the rickety nature of his Cabinet," 
ii. 331 ; Sir John Lade and, ii. 335 

Melbourne, Viscountess, i. 255; ii. 164 

Melville, Henry Dundas, Viscount, i. 
10 ; First Lord of the Admiralty, i. 
32 ; impeachment of, i. 33-36 ; his 
court in Scotland, i. 85 j and Broug- 
ham, i. 119 ; a great favourite with 
Prince of Wales, i. 158; the Queen's 
funeral, ii. 22 ; K.T., ii. 27 ; resigns 
on Canning becoming Premier, ii. 

Mermet, General, i. 101 

Methodism, rapid growth of, i. 113 

Methuen, Lady, ii. 280 

Methuen, Paul, Lord, ii. 279 

Meux, H., ii. 235 

Meynell, Captain, dismissed from 
William IV.'s household, ii. 225 

Miguel, Dom, King of Portugal, ii. 

Milan Commission, i. 326, 335 ; ii. 


Milbank, Lady Augusta, ii. 81, 82, 
92, 230 

Milbank, Mr., ii. 81, 92 

Mildert, Wm. Van, Bishop of Dur- 
ham, ii. 131 

Mildmay, Sir Harry, i. 183, 190 

Mill, ii. 51 

Mills, John, ii. 12, 15, 81-83, 92, 

Milton, Lady, nee Jenkinson (after- 
wards Foljambe), ii. 277 

Milton, Viscount (afterwards 5th Earl 
of Fitzwilliam), i. 109, 118, 122, 
125, 156, 165, 257, 263 ; ii. 129, 

Mina, General Espoz y, Commander 
of a Corps under Wellington in 
Peninsular War, ii. 74, 75 

Minto, Lord, ii. 322 

Miocci, i. 335 

Miranda, General, i. 86 

Missionary in Demerara, trial by 
court-martial of, ii. 77 

Moira, 1st Earl of, *. 160 



Moira, 2nd Earl of, i. 16, 31, 113, 

146, 149, 156-160, 163, 164 
Moldavia, ii. 139 
Molesworth, Sir William, ii. 317 
Moliere, Bourgeois Gentilhomme^. 182 
Molyneux, Colonel the lion. Henry, 

ii. 198, 290 

Molyneux, Lady Georgiana, ii. 56 
Molyneux, Lady Louisa, ii. 137, 261, 

310 ; her letters to Creevey, ii. 263, 

330, 333 
Molyneux, Lady Maria, ii. 137, 143, 

Molyneux, Lieut. -Colonel the Hon. 

George Berkeley, ii. 187, 253, 254, 

268, 290 
Molyneux, Viscount, i. 170; ii. 232, 


Monck, i. 217 
Monckton, i. 56 
Monk, Sir Charles, i. 108 
Monson, Lady (afterwards Lady 

Warwick), i. 247 
Monson, Lord, i. 247 
Montalembert, Baron, i. 149 
Monteagle, Lord (Spring Rice), ii. 

107, 108, 112, 114, 180, 269, 276, 

295, 298 

Montgomery, ii. 198 
Montholon, M., ii. 26 
Montron, M., ii. 137, 138, 167, 316 
Moore, R.N., Captain Graham, i. 12, 

1 8, 133 j his letters to Creevey, i. 17, 

24, 77. 90, 95 
Moore, General Sir John, i. II, 18, 

90, 93~95i & 8 > ". 315 J hi s letters 

to Creevey, i. 17, 29 
Moore, Lady, i. 17 
Moore, Peter, i. 256 
Moore, Thomas, i. 255 j ii. 89, 232, 

272, 286 

Morant, Mrs., i. 67, 68 
Morelaix, Abbe, i. 7 
Morillo, ii. 74 

Morley, Countess of, ii. 243, 306 
Morley, Earl of, ii. 69, 243, 306 
Morning Chronicle, i. 4, 132, 176, 

178, 269 ; ii. 316 
Morning Herald^ ii. 220 
Morning Post, i. 4 ; ii. 22O 
Morpeth, Lord, 6th Earl of Carlisle, 

i. 27, 78, 121 ; ii. 123, 306 
Morpeth, Lord, 7th Earl of Carlisle, 

ii. 223, 276, 278, 307 
Morris, General, ii. 168 
Morris, Lieut. -Colonel, ii. 169 
Mcrritt of Rokeby, "Avoirdupois," 

ii. 125, 126 

Morritt of Rokeby, " Troy," ii. 126 

Motteux, M., ii. 167 

Mountague, Lord, his fountain at 
Cowdray, ii. 163 

"Mountain, the," name assumed by 
Radicals, i. 124, 174, 181, 210, 212, 
215, 216, 247, 253, 257, 265, 290, 
299, 341 ; ii. 136 

Mountcharles, Earl of, Under Secre- 
tary Foreign Affairs, ii. 103, 148 

Mulgrave, Countess of, ii. 330 

Mulgrave, Earl of, i. 96 ; ii. 241, 276, 
296, 303 

Municipal Reform Bill, ii. 308 

Munster, Earl of, ii. 300, 323 

Murat, King of Naples, i. 213, 218 

Murillos, offered by Soult for 
; 100,000, ii. 70 

Murphy, Mrs., ii. no 

Murray, General Sir George, i. 272, 
279, 283, 285 

Murray, General Sir John, i. 185 

Murray, John, and Byron, i. 294 ; the 
Quarterly Review on O'Meara's 
book, ii. 65; on the Ladies of 
Llangollen, ii. 185 

Murray, Lady Augusta, Duchess of 
Sussex, ii. 243 


Napier, Peninsular War, i. 101, 314, 


Napoleon Buonaparte, Mackintosh 
and, i. 5 ; suppresses the Sections, 
i. 6 ; commander of army in Italy, 
ibid. ; his fits of passion, i. 7 ; his 
restless ambition, i. 10, 14, 24, 29 ; 
and Lord Whitworth, i. 10, 13 ; and 
Addington, i. 1 1 ; swept through the 
Black Forest, i. 44 ; Austerlitz, i. 49; 
his armies in all parts of Europe, i. 
86 ; Spain, i. 86, 88, 90 ; "a tem- 
perate hardy knave," i. 96 ; overshot 
his mark, i. 174 ; abdicates, i. 186, 
1 86, 189, 191, 239 ; the difference 
between Emperor of Russia and 
King of Prussia, i. 196 ; his popu- 
larity, i. 196 ; escapes from Elba, i. 
213 ; Ney's offer, i. 214 ; Waterloo, 
before and after, i. 219, 231, 237, 
240 ; Kinnaird's arrest, i. 244 ; at 
St. Helena, i. 266, 288 ; and Blucher 
at Laon, i. 280 ; Sir Hudson Lowe, 
i. 288 ; Tierney and, ii. 4 ; Princess 
Borghese's appeal, ii. 26 ; O'Meara's 
book, ii. 39, 42 ; Castlereagh one of 



his imbtciles> ii. 43 ; Major Popple- 
ton, ii. 47 j Las Casas' book, ii. 6l ; 
and Montron, ii. 137, 138; and 
General Gerard, ii. 202 ; Brougham 
on, ii. 207 

Nash, the architect, ii. 156 

Navarino, battle of, ii. 134, 139-143 

Navy Estimates, ii. 35 

Nelson, Earl, i. 69, 70, 73 ; ii. 161 

New Zealand, king of, i. 330 

Newcastle, Duke of, i. 337 ; ii. 227 

Newcastle-on-Tyne, i. 186 

Newport, Sir John, i. 127 

Newton, Lord, *. 333 

Ney, Marshal, i. 190, 214, 246 

'Nimrod,". 291 

Nivelle, battle of, i. 186, 235 

Nollekens, sculptor, i. 184 

Non mi rtcordo, i. 322 

Norfolk, i ith Duke of, " the Jockey," 
i. 3, 154, 167, 168, 186, 212, 245, 
252 ; ii. 71 

Norfolk, Bernard Howard, I2th Duke 
of, "Scroop," i. 167-169, 245, 
313, 322,335>336; ii. 35,71, 78, 
104, 162, 195, 196, 303, 310, 329, 
335 > deprives Creevey of Thetford 
seat, i. 274, 275 ; Prince of Wales' 
advice to Sam Spring, i. 310 ; letter 
to Creevey, i. 325 ; Pains and 
Penalties Bill, ibid. ; in pursuit of 
Creevey, i. 337 j denounced by 
O'Connell, ii. 188 

Norfolk, 1 3th Duke of (Earl of 
Arundel), i. 245 

North, Lord, ii. 246, 318 

Northumberland, Duchess of, ii. 140 

Northumberland, 5th Duke of, *. 

Northumberland, 6th Duke of, i. 31, 
100, no, 296, 336; ii. 157; 
Viceroy of Ireland, ii. 174, 193 
_. Norton, Hon. Mrs. (n& Sheridan), 
afterwards Lady Stir ling- Max well 
of Keir, *. 39; ii. 305, 311 

Norton, Mr., ii. 311 

Nugent, Earl, ii. 89 

O'Callaghan, ii. 98 

O'Connell, David, the Clare election, 
ii. 167, 193 ; Creevey on, ii. 183, 
251 ; denounces Duke of Norfolk 
on Catholic question, ii. 188 ; his 
"Catholic cookery," ii. 199; Ms 

arrest, ii. 216; Stanley and, ii. 

219 ; challenged by Alvanley, ii. 

304, 305 

Oldenburg, Duchess of, i. 195 
Oldi, Madame, i. 328, 339 ; ii. 14 
Olivia of Cumberland, Princess (Olive 

Wilmot Serres), i. 339, 340 ; ii. 7 
O'Meara, A Voice from St. Helena^ 

i. 224, 288 ; ii. 39, 42, 47, 65 
Omnibus, Creevey's first experience 

of an, ii. 262 
Oporto, i. 101 
Orange, Prince of, King of Holland, 

i. 197, 217, 222, 285, 286 ; Com- 

mander-in-Chief of British forces 

in Brussels, i. 224 
Orangemen (Ireland), ii. 174, 177 
Ord, Charles, i. 224, 230, 231 
Ord, Miss (Mrs. Hamilton), i. 220, 

225, 228, 277, 283, 286 
Ord, Miss Elizabeth, i. 232, 267, 283, 

295 ; letters from Creevey to, i. 

296, 299, 305-318, 320-342 ; ii. 

1-15, 20, 23-28, 31-39, 42, 46-49, 

53, 56-58, 65, 67-92, 98-102, 104- 

112, 120-134, 137, 141-143, 147- 

!57 159-167, 169-192, 194-205, 

208-214, 215-238, 240-336 
Ord, the Misses, i. 17, 47, 147, 149, 

224, 229, 276, 277 
Ord, Mr., i. 4, 121 
Ord, Mrs., i. i, 128 
Ord, William, ii. 279 
Ordnance Office, Creevey appointed 

treasurer of, ii. 215 
O'Reilly, George IV. 's doctor, ii. 211 
Orkney, Earl of, ii. 96 
Orleans, Duke of, i. 244 ; ii. 253, 

269, 270 

Ormonde, i6th Earl of, //. 185 
Ormonde, I7th Earl of, ii. 186 
Osbaldiston, Mr., ii. 200 
Ossory, Archdeacon of, ii. 1 75 
Ossory, Lord, i. 156 
Ossulston, Lady, ii. 9 
Ossulston, Lord (afterwards 5th Earl 

of Tankerville), i. in, 121, 122, 

150, 151, 167, 210, 243-245, 254, 

295, 331 J . 9, 36, 39, 132, 152, 


Oswald of Auchencruive, Alexander, 

ii. 311 

Oswald, Lady Louisa, ii. 311 
Ouvrad, the banker, /. 7 
Owen, Mr. and Mrs. Smythe, ii. 

Oxford, Countess of, i. 3, 60, 255 ; ii. 




Paget, Lord and Lady William, ii. 

Paget, Sir Arthur, ii. 315 

Pains and Penalties Bill, i. 304-342 

Palfy, Count, i. 45 

Palk, Miss Elizabeth Mallet (after- 
wards Lady Seymour), i. 266 

Palmerston, Lady, ii. 268 

Palmerston, Viscount, ii. 199, 213, 226, 
310 ; opposes Petty at Cambridge, 
i- 75 76 ; Secretary at War, ii. 123 ; 
votes for disfranchisement, ii. 158; 
and Lady Jersey, ii. 268, 269 j and 
Mrs. Petre, ii. 276 ; Grey and, ii. 
286 ; dismissed by Wellington, ii. 
298 ; " Cupid," ii. 307 ; on Queen 
Victoria's great merits, ii. 324 

Paoli, Sefton's valet, ii. 256 

Papal States, the, i. 213 

Paripol, the dancer, ii, 283 

Paris, treaty of, i. 249 ; awaiting 
Napoleon's entry, i. 220, 221 

Parkes, Joseph, of Birmingham, an 
organizer and demagogue, ii. 270 

Parliamentary Reform, 1.263 J ii- 5 1 * 
97-99, 251 

Parnell, Charles Stewart, /. 163 

Parnell, Henry Brook (Lord Congle- 
ton), i. 31, 163 

Parr, Dr., i. 3; ii. 17 

Patronage, ii. 103, 215 

Paull, his exertions to obtain Welles- 
ley's impeachment, i. 226 ; his 
suicide, i. 226 j ii. 41 

Payne, George, i. 113; ii. 80, 313, 

Pearce, Henry, " the Game Chicken," 
champion of England, i. 64 

Pechell, Captain, i. 312 

Peel, Sir Robert, " Spinning Jenny," 
i. 126 ; ii. 141, 275 ; his first speech, 
i. 122; M.P. for Oxford, i. 263; 
Creevey on, ii. 12, 43-45, 100 ; 
Brougham on, ii. 50, 145 ; for Spain 
against France, ii. 62 ; Ward on, 
ii. 69; and Canning, ii. 103, 112, 
133; and George IV., ii. no; 
resigns office, ii. 112, 113 ; Sefton 
on, ii. 117; his difficult position, 
ii. 146, 147; his "preconceived 
prejudices," ii. 152; the Roman 
Catholic question, ii. 174, 194, 244, 
246 ; Home Secretary, ii. 195 ; 
Grey's panegyric on, ii. 196, 198 ; 
Reform, ii. 233 ; consulted by Grey 
about the coronation, ii. 234 ; a 

most remarkable declaration from, 
ii. 246 ; and William IV., ii. 284 ; 
his absence in Rome, ii. 296, 298, 
299 ; "the humbug of Jenny," ii. 
302 ; predicted failure, ii. 303 ; his 
Scotch sentiment, etc., ii. 317 ; 
"every word was gospel^ ii. 334 
Pelham, Bishop, i. 323 
Pellew, Admiral, i. 95 
Pembroke, Countess of, ii. 312 
Peninsular War, i. 87, 152, 156, 159, 


Penryn borough, bribery and corrup- 
tion in, ii. 119; disfranchised, ii. 


Pension lists, ii. 218 

Pepys, ii. 280 

Perceval, Spencer, i. 96, 99, 100, 
109-111, 114, 119, 124, 126, 132, 
136-138, 146, 174 ; ii. 227 ; assas- 
sinated, i. 145, 153 ; ii. 50 

Percy, Colonel the Hon., A.D.C. to 
Sir John Moore and Wellington, 
carried Wellington's despatches to 
London after Waterloo, i. 278 

Percy, Earl, i. 76, 100, no 

Perry, editor of Morning Chronicle^ 
i. 132, 298 

Persia, Russian successes in, ii. 139 

Petre, Lady, i. 108, 325 

Petre, Lord, i. 37, 108, 167, 168, 
252 ; ii. 79, 234 

Petre, Mrs., ii; 276, 288 

Petworth, Crecvey's description of, 
ii. 163 

Philips, Sir R., i. 112 

Phillimore, ii. 140 

Phillips, George, i. 274 ; ii. 64 

Picton, General, i. 238 

Pierrepont, M., i. 183 

Pieton, Madame, i. 69 

Piggott, i. 108 

Pillet, General, i. 255 

Piltown (Ireland), ii. 172, 173 

Pire, General, Red Lancers, i. 231 

Pitt, William, i. 3, 4, 12, 22, 69, 73, 
160, 263 ; in retirement, i. 8, 10 ; 
his intolerance of Addington, i. 9, 
23 ; his treatment of Sir John 
Moore, i. 1 1 ; returns to House of 
Commons, i. 14 ; his speech for 
war, i. 15, 16, 20 ; and Fox, i. 21, 
23 ; Lord St. Vincent, i. 24 ; his 
last administration, i. 26, 27, 31 ; 
and George III., i. 27 ; in a 
dilemma, i. 28 ; feai-s of French in- 
vasion, i. 29 ; Brougham on, i. 30, 
119, 120, 134, 171 ; his schemes 



of reform, i. 32 ; Melville's im- 
peachment, i. 33 ; Roman Catholic 
question, i. 33, 43 ; Boyd, Benfield 
& Co., i. 35-37 J Beresford and, ?'. 
42; Castlereagh and, i. 43; the 
capitulation of Ulm his death-blow, 
i. 44 ; his illness, i. 74 ; and death, 
i. 79; ii. 119; his despotic authority, 
i. 260; Maynooth college, ii. 175, 
179, 1 80 ; and the Catholic dele- 
gates, ii. 179 

Piato, Bipontine edition of, i. 293 
Platoff, i. 196 

Plunket, Lord, ii. 181, 188, 189, 261 
Plymouth, Lord, i. 337 
Pole, Sir Charles, i. 114, 122 
Police, origin of the, i. 304 
Ponsonby, Frederick, i. 107, 238 
Ponsonby, John, $th Earl of Bess- 
borough, ii. 268 

Ponsonby, Lady, i. no, in ; ii. 243 
Ponsonby, Lady Betty, ii. 186 
Ponsonby, Lord, i. no, in, 128; ii. 

Ponsonby, Major-General the Hon. 

Sir "William, i. 242 
Ponsonby, Miss, ii. 185 
Ponsonby, Rt. Hon. George, Leader 

of Whigs in House of Commons, i. 

91, 94, 107, 117, 121, 122, 124, 

125, 128, 141, 153, 161, 163, 164, 

217, 251, 257 

Ponsonby, Sir John, of Cumberland, 

ii. 171 

Poppleton, Major, ii. 47 
Porchester, Lord, i. 124, 128 
Portarlington, 4th Earl of, ii. 320 
Porter, Colonel, i. 22 ; ii. 10 
Portland, Duke of, i. 31, 85, 86, 96, 

106, 145, 331 

Portsmouth, Lord, insane, ii. 63 
Portugal, i. 130, 134, 147-149. *59 5 

her "soldiers the fighting-cocks of 

the army," i. 123 
Portugal, King of, ii. 310 
Powell, Mr., i. 322, 329 ; ii. 329 
Power of Kilfane, John, ii. 176, 


Power of Kilfane, Mrs., ii. 175 
Powlett, Lady Caroline, ii. 100 
Powlett, Lord (afterwards 3rd Duke 

of Cleveland), ii. loo, 107, 126, 

I3O-I32, 2OI 

Poyntz, Miss, i. 264 ; ii. 47 

Pozzo di Borgo, M. and Mdme, ii. 


Pretyman, George (afterwards Tom- 
line), Bishop of Lincoln, i. 202 

Price, Rev. W., i. 76 
Property tax, i. 211, 250 
Prussia, i. 213, 218 
Pruth river, ii. 139 
Pyrenees, the, i. 185, 187 

Quarterly Review, ii. 65 
Quatre Bras, i. 230 

Radicals, named "the Mountain," 

q.v. ; schism between Whigs and, 

i. 260 

Radnor, 2nd Earl of, i. 89, 96 
Radnor, 3rd Earl of. See Folkestone, 

Raganti, i. 326 
Raglan, Lord, ii. 74, 289 
Raikes, " Dandy," ii. 106-109 
Railway movement, the great, ii. 87 
Raine, Jonathan, ii. 115 
Ramsay, General Norman, ii. 193 
Ramsden, Lady, ii. 93 
Ramsden, Mr., ii. 34 
Ramthorne, i. 171 
Ranelagh, Lord, ii. 210 
Rastelli, i. 325, 326 
Rawdon, Hon. John, ii. #95 
Redesdale, Lord, i. 314; ii. 157 
Reeves, ii. 261 
Reform, i. 263 ; Act, i. 274 ; ii. 221, 

223 ; Creevey's letters on, ii. 93, 

97-99 ; Bill, ii. 12, 225, 227, 228, 

230, 233, 235, 236, 238, 240-247, 

251, 292 

Retrenchment and Reform, ii. 272 
Ribblesdale, Lord, ii. 305, 307 
Ricardo, ii. 55 
Richelieu, Due de, i. 285, 287 j ii. 

Richmond, Dowager Duchess of, ii. 

3, 87, 185 

Richmond, Duchess of, ii. 88, 162 
Richmond, 3rd Duke of, ii. 162 
Richmond, 5th Duke of, i. 223, 229, 

337 j ii. 162, 246, 264, 273, 274, 

276, 297, 305 
Ridgway, ii. 93, 97, 98 
Ridley, Sir M., i. 197, 217, 326; ii. 

37, 81 

Ripon, Lord, ii. 273 
Rivers, Lord, i. 196 
Robespierre, / . 7 


Robinson, J. See Goderich, Lord 

Roden, Lord, i. 320 

Roder, General, i. 223 

Roebuck, Mr., ii. 317 

Rogers, Miss, ii. 272, 285, 286, 322 

Rogers, Samuel, the dead poet, i. 255, 

256, 334, 335 ; ii- '95. '96, 272, 
285, 286, 305, 312, 322, 323; 
Human Life, i. 294 ; Lady Hol- 
land's cat, ii. 58 ; Creevey's opinion 
of, ii. 162 ; a blue dinner at, ii. 275 ; 
Lady Holland's procession, ii. 313 

Rolle, Lord, i. 261 

Roman Catholic question, i. 31, 43, 
47, 84, 100, 148, 152, 156, 157, 165, 
245,293; ii. 12, 31, 67, 94, 103, 
108, 112, 116, 167, 170, 174-176, 
178-180, 188, 193 

Romilly, Sir Samuel, Solicitor-Gene- 
ral, in "All the Talents," i. 5, 
122, 130, 278, 290 ; Prince of 
Wales' offer of a seat in House of 
Commons, i. 40, 63 ; Grey on, i. 
108 ; calls Erskine "The Green 
Man and Still," i. 212 j his suicide, 
i. 243, 293 ; ii. 41, 44 ; on Tierney, 
i. 265; "in high force," i. 272; 
and Duke of Roxburgh, ii. 3 

Romney, George, his works at Pet- 
worth, ii. 165 

Ros, Lord de, ii. 78, 198, 237, 238, 

254, 3 12 

Ros, Olivia de (Lady Cowley), ii. 204, 
237, 263, 320 

Roscoe, William, historian, Creevey's 
election agent at Liverpool, i. 168- 
170, 211 ; Leo: Lorenzo de Medici, 
ii. 256, 280 

Roscommon, Countess of, ii. 3 

Rose, Mr., i. 36 

Rosebery, Lady, ii. 36 

Rosebery, 4th Lord, i. 335 ; ii. 36 

Rosebery, 5th (and present) Lord, 
Napoleon, the last Phase, ii. 40 

Rosslyn, Earl of, i. 305, 326, 333 ; ii. 
26, 79, 99, 15, 1 S*> J S4J and 
Brougham, ii. 129 ; Lord Lieu- 
tenant of Fife, ii. 153, 155 ; Privy 
Seal, ii. 202 

Rothschild, ii. 90 

Roxburgh, Duke of, Queen Caroline's 
Grand Chamberlain, ii. 3 

Royal Exchange, burnt, ii. 334 

Royal Naval Commission, i. 33 

Russell, Francis, ii. 74, 100, 167 

Russell, Lady John, widow of 2nd 
Lord Ribblesdale, ii. 305, 307, 328, 

Russell, Lady William (ne Rawdon), 
ii. 285 

Russell, Lord John, i. 156, 309, 333 ; 
". 34, 5 1 , 79, "2, 114, 133, 261, 
268, 275, 276, 296, 307, 328; 
Creevey's Reform letters addressed 
to, ii. 93, 97-99 ; motion for dis- 
franchisement of Penryn borough, 
ii. 119 j Reform, ii. 217, 221, 264 ; 
split between Stanley and, ii. 273, 
274 ; offer to Howick, ii. 295 ; " the 
conceited puppy," ii. 297; "the 
Widow's Mite," ii. 305 

Russell, Lord William, i. 210, 277, 
278; ii. 114, 155, 275, 285 ; mur- 
dered by his valet, ii. 109, 329 

Russell, Miss, ii. 80 

Russell, Mrs., alias Funnereau. See 
Cleveland, Duchess of 

Russia, i. 213, 218 ; and Greek inde- 
pendence, ii. 133 j and Turkey, 
ii. 139; her successes in Persia, 

Rutland, Duke of, i. 323 ; ii. 101, 
1 10, 135, 195, 199 

Ryder, Hon. Henry, Bishop of Lich- 
field, ii. 170 

St. Albans, Duchess of (Mrs. Coutts, 

Conway), ii. 120, 217, 324 
St. Albans, 9th Duke of, ii. 73, 120, 


St. Antonio, Countess, ii. 141 
St. John of Jerusalem, Knights of, i. 


St. Laurent, Madame, i. 268-271 
St. Leger, General, i. 195, 199, 201- 

203, 322 
St. Paul's Cathedral, thanksgiving 

for peace on 7th July at, i. 202 
St. Vincent, Earl, ist Lord of the 

Admiralty, i. 24, 68 
Salamanca, Battle of, i. 128, 172', ii. 

Salisbury, Dowager Marchioness of, 

ii. 1 66, 210, 230, 234, 263 
Salisbury, Marquis of, ii. 37, 73 
Salisbury, Sarah, Marchioness of, i. 

197, 236 j ii. 37, 67, 108, 197 
Salmo-Braunfels, Prince Frederick 

William of, *. 205 
Sambre, Napoleon's passage of the, i. 

233, 240 

San Sebastian, fall of, i. 186, 187 
Sandys, Lord (Lord Arthur Hill), i. 

236, 238, 239, 282 ; ii. 87, 198, 210 



Savory, i. 66-68 

Saxe-Coburg, Princess of, i. 271 

Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld,Dukeof (Prince 

Leopold), i. 258, 266 
Saye and Sele, Lord, ii. 107 
Scarlett, Sir James. See Abinger, 


Scheldt Expedition, i. 125, 133 
Scotsman, ii. 45 
Scott, Harry, i. 80, 81 
Scott, Sir Walter, Antiquary ', i. 255 ; 

Rob Roy, i. 264 ; George IV.'s visit 

to Edinburgh, ii. 45 ; Rokeby, ii. 

125 ; Life of Napoleon, ii. 203 
Seaford, Lord (Charles Rose Ellis), 

i. 97 
Seaton, Lord, Governor- General of 

Canada, ii. 334 
Seaton, Mr., ii. 40 
Sebastiani, General, i. 250; ii. 307 
Sebright, Sir John, i. 114; ii. 198 
Sections in France, the, i. 6 
Sefton, Countess of (Hon. Maria 

Craven), ii. 9, 71, 83, 89, 197, 198, 

209, 212, 219, 223, 233, 252, 256, 
275. 3io, 315, 320, 322, 324, 326 ; 
and William IV., ii. 308 

Sefton, Dowager Lady, i. 57, 148 
Sefton, 1st Earl of ("the Pet"), i. 
57, 121, 154, 158, 170, 200, 203, 
208, 211, 261, 262, 267, 294, 300, 

303, 305. 312, 317, 318, 326-331 ; 

ii. 3-5, 10, 11,15, 32-37> 39, 40, 5 6 
62, 64, 65, 69, 72, 75, 76, 79, 84, 
87-89, 93, 97, 99, 101, 102, 108, 
112, 114, 117, 118, 121, 151, 154, 
159, 166, 168, 196, 198, 199, 204, 

210, 211, 215, 223, 226, 237, 243, 
249, 252, 260, 261, 267, 274, 277, 
279, 281, 286, 288, 301, 304, 308, 
3*2, 317, 328 ; Creevey's great ally, 
ii. 136-139 ; Grey on, ii. 141 j his 
letters to Creevey, ii. 144, 156, 170, 
186, 200, 214, 250, 268, 269, 271 ; 
and Brougham, ii. 142, 143, 219, 
222, 227, 230, 236, 245, 275, 287, 
297, 298, 300 j cracking his jokes 
at the expense of Huskisson and 
Dudley, ii. 152; and Lady Holland, 
ii. 155, 256; on Rogers, ii. 162; 
and Lord Egremont, ii. 164 ; corre- 
spondence between Anglesey and 
Wellington, ii. 194 ; breaks the 
bank at Crockford's, ii. 195 ; 
Lambton's nonsense, ii. 217 ; ill 
with influenza, ii. 233, 234 j Lord 
Foley's family, ii. 253 ; a story of 
Grey, ii, 283 ; wins 600 at whist, 

ii. 289 j and Lady Grey, ii. 290 ; 
contrast between Grey and, ii. 
299 ; Charles X., ii. 315, 316 j and 
Sir John Lade, ii. 335 

Sefton, 2nd Earl of, ii. 232 

Sefton, 3rd Earl of, ii. 232 

Serres, Olive Wilmot, claims to be 
Duke of Cumberland's daughter, 
i. 339, 340 

Seymour, Lady (nte Palk), i. 266 j ii. 
310, 322 

Seymour, Lady Charlotte (nte Chol- 
mondeley), i. 266 

Seymour, Lieut.-Colonel Hugh Henry, 
i. 266 

Seymour, Lord (afterwards 1 2th Duke 
of Somerset), ii. 191, 310 

Seymour, Lord Hugh, i. 266 

Seymour, Miss, ii. 47 

Seymour, Sir Horace Beauchamp, 
i. 266 ; ii. 225 

Shaftesbury, 6th Earl of, ii. 222 

Shaftesbury, 7th Earl of, ii. 198 

Sharp, Richard, ii. 275 

Shaw, Colonel, ii. 267, 328 

Shelley, P. B., ii. 79, 100 

Shelley, Sir John, ii. 222, 225 

Sheridan, Charles, i. 53 

Sheridan, Mrs. R. B., i. 4, 39, 52, 54, 
55, 60, 72, 80-82 ; ii. 278 

Sheridan, R. B., i. 4, 22, 46, 73, 78, 
141, 142, 146, 149, 156, 161, 164, 
195, 202, 204 ; ii. 317 ; his plan to 
substitute Council for Viceroy in 
Ireland, i. 16 ; Creevey's distrust 
of, i. 21, 25 ; his diabolical project, 
i. 25 ; and Prince of Wales, i. 25, 
26, 32, 51-60, 68; his speech v. 
Melville, i. 33 ; The Rivals, i. 55 ; 
Treasurer of the Navy in " All the 
Talents," i. 81 ; ill, i. 84 ; on 
Grenville's resignation, i. 85 ; the 
Regency Bill, i. 138 ; and Whit- 
bread, i. 158, 163, 179; Madame 
de Stael and, i. 189 j his death, i. 
256 ; and Lord Dacre, ii. 278 ; his 
letters to Creevey, i. 38, 39, 138 ; 
to Mrs. Creevey, i. 39 

Sheridan, Thomas, i. 38, 39, 51, 190 

Sheridan, Mrs. Thomas, i. 38, 39 

Shiel, ii. 181, 183 

Shoenfeld, ii. 96 

Sicard, Brougham's courier, i. 297 

Sidmouth, Rt. Hon. Henry Adding- 
ton, Speaker, created Viscount 
(nicknamed "the Doctor"), i. 4, 
43, 97, 114, 122, 123, 130, 147; 
Premier, i. 8 ; and Pitt, i. 9, 20, 23, 



26 j war-clouds, i. 10 ; and Napo- 
leon, i. II ; " this accursed apothe- 
cary," i. 14 ; and his colleagues, i. 
19 ; Prince of Wales and, i. 25, 
158, 194; resigns, i. 26, 28 ; Privy 
Seal in "All the Talents," i. 75 ; 
Home Secretary, i. 166; for peace, 
i. 214 ; Queen Caroline's trial, i. 
314 ; Tierney's attempt to enlist 
Creevey in support of, ii. 10 ; " was 
never sober," ii. 31 

Sidney, Sir Henry, ii. 165 

Sierra Morena, i. 130 

Sieyes, Abbe, i. 190 

Simmonds, Dr., i. 28 

Siniavin, Admiral (Russia), i. 89 

Six's iron index, i. 2 

Slang, ladies' use of, ii. 86 

Slave trade, i. 120, 166, 214 

Smiles, Dr., Memoir of John Mwray t 
ii. 1S6 

Smith, Adam, i. 264 

Smith, Alderman Christopher, ii. 76 

Smith, Bobus, ii. 275 

Smith, Cullen, ii. 314 

Smith, Rev. Sydney, i. 165 ; ii. 79, 
148, 243, 255, 268, 269, 323, 


Smith, Sir William, i. 8l 
Smith, Thomas Assheton, ii. 49 
Smyth, Jack, i. 230 
Sneyd, Rev. (Brighton), i. 60 
Society for the Diffusion of Useful 

Knowledge, ii. 206 
Somerset, Lady Charlotte Douglas- 
Hamilton, Duchess of (wife of nth 

Duke), ii. 64 
Somerset, Duchess of (nk Sheridan), 

wife of I2th Duke, Queen of Beauty 

at Eglington Tournament, /. 39 
Somerset, nth Duke of, i. 336; ii. 

64, 191 

Somerset, I2th Duke of, ii. 191 
Somerset, Lord Charles, ii. 132, 165 
Somerset, Lord Fitzroy (Lord Raglan), 

ii. 74, 254, 289 
Soult, Marshal, i. 101, 102, 186, 

220 ; ii. 70 
South American Colonies of Spain, 

i. 86, 87 

Southey, Robert, ii. 147 
Souza, Madame de (formerly Fla- 

hault), i. 6, 7, 251 
Souza, M. de, Portuguese Ambassador, 

i. 62 

Sovilliano, i. 88 
Spain, i. 86-88, 90, 105 ; ii. 6l, 62 ; 

French invasion of, ii. 52 

Spalding, Mrs. (#?Eden). .&<? Broug- 
ham, Lady 
Speirs, Mrs. Alexander (afterwards 

Ellice), ii. 273 

Speirs of Elderslie, Alexander, it. 273 
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl of, i. 

77, 214, 305, 308; ii. 208, 255, 295 
Spencer, 3rd Earl of. See Althorp, 

Spencer, Hon. and Very Rev. George, 

Superior of the Order of Passionists, 

ii. 208 
Spencer, Lord Robert, i. 13, 77, 121 ; 

ii. 148, 162, 196 
Spring Rice, Lord Monteagle, ii. 107, 

108, 112, 114, 180, 269, 276, 295, 

Spring, Sam, waiter at Cocoa Tree 

Club, i. 310 
Stael, Albert de, ii. 39 
Stael, Albertine de, i. 184 
Stael, Madame de, i. 184, 189 j her 

house at Geneva, i. 258 
Stafford, Lady, i. 274; ii. 48 
Stafford, 2nd Marquess of, 1st Duke 

of Sutherland, i. 27, 194, 216, 245 t 

322, 328, 336 j ii. 48, 59 
Standish, ii. 312 

Stanhope, 3rd Earl of, i. 277, 308 
Stanhope, Hon. Augustus, ii. 191 
Stanhope, Hon. James Hamilton, 

i. 277, 278; ii. 112 
Stanhope, Mrs., ii. 112 
Stanhope of Revesby Abbey, Banks, 


Stanistreet, i. 208 
Stanley, Lord, I3th Earl of Derby, 

i. 170 ; ii. 76, 88 
Stanley, Edward, I4th Earl of Derby, 

ii. 40, 76, 128, 203, 226, 269, 282, 

284, 295, 297, 299, 309 ; Secretary 

for Ireland, ii. 219, 265 ; and 

Durham, ii. 264 ; M.P. for Cheshire, 

ii. 255 ; resigns, ii. 273, 276 ; split 

between Russell and, ii. 273, 274 
Stanley, Lady Mary (afterwards Lady 

Wilton), i. 305 
Stanley, Mrs. Edward (ne'e Dillon), 

ii. 226, 255 
Star, i. 178 

Statesman, i. 107 ; ii. 94 
Stephens, Catherine (Lady Essex), 

vocalist and actress, ii. 286 
Stephenson, Henry Frederick, natural 

son of nth Duke of Norfolk, ii. 6, 

47, 97. 107, 126, 155, 329 
Stephenson, Lady Mary (nte Keppel), 

ii. 97, 109 



Stepney, Tom, i. 149, 150 
Stevenson, the American Minister, 

ii. 322 

Stirling-Maxwell of Keir, Lady, /. 39 
Stormont, Viscount, . 31 
Strafford, Lord, ii. 310 
Strachan, Admiral Sir Richard, i. 95, 

97, 129, 131, 133 
Strathaven, Lady, ii. 148 
Stratheden, Baroness, ii. 312 
Strickland, i. 186 
Stuart, Lady Elizabeth, i. 326 
Stuart, Mr., ii. 45 
Stuart, Mrs. Eliza (afterwards Moly- 

neux), ii. 253 
Stuart de Rothesay, Lord (Sir Charles 

Stuart), British Minister at Brussels, 

i. 210, 227, 228 ; ii. 144, 154, 157 
Sturges, i. 20 
Suchet, General, i. 185 
Suffolk, 1 5th Earl of, ii. 112 
Sumner, Bishop of Winchester, ii. 157 
Sunderland, Lord, i. 266 
Surrey, Earl and Countess of, ii. 48 
Sussex, Duke of, i. 297 j ii. 3, 6, 75, 

109, 155, 229, 231, 258, 322, 323, 

329 ; " talked very sad stuff," i. 

192; absent from Queen Caroline's 

trial, i. 308 ; his stories of his cousin 

Olivia ot Cumberland, ii. 7 ; 

Creevey's/<?te-<J-^with, ii. 47 ; "it 

had been a walancholy day," ii. 

79 ; his two marriages, ii. 243 
Sussex, Lady Augusta Murray, 

Duchess of, ii. 243 
Sussex, Lady Cecilia Buggin, Duchess 

of (created Duchess of Inverness), 

ii. 230, 243, 258, 329 
Sutherland, Dowager Duchess of, 

i. 245 ; ii. 306 
Sutherland, ist Duke of, i. 27, 194, 

216, 245, 322, 328, 336 
Sutherland, 2nd Duke of, ii. 47, 48, 

3 2 3 
Sutherland, Harriet Elizabeth 

Howard, Duchess of, ii. 306, 323 
Sutton, Charles Manners, Speaker 

(Viscount Canterbury), i. 114, 271 
Suwarrow, Madame, i. 283 
Swift, Dean, ii. 181 

Tabley, Lord and Lady de, ii. 170 
Taglioni, ii. 252, 283 
Talavera, i. 95, 105, 107, 123 
Talbot, ii. 198 

Talleyrand, his Paris house, i. 5 ; 
demands evacuation of Malta, i. 
IO ; Napoleon's abdication, i. 239 ; 
his reputed son. General de Fla- 
hault, i. 251 ; ii. 271 ; Napoleon's 
Memoirs, ii. 26 ; and Montron, ii. 
137, 138; and his niece, Madame 
de Dino, ii. 217, 236, 241, 262 ; 
cordiality between England and 
France, ii. 218 ; Creevey and, ii. 
249 ; Lady Grey's hatred of, ii. 
263 ; Grey's changed tone towards, 
ii. 269 ; Lady Keith, ii. 270 ; kept 
away from Oxford, ii. 279 ; Grey 
dining with, ii. 286 ; on Melbourne, 
ii. 309 

Tallien, Jean Lambert de, i. 7 

Tallien, Madame de (previously 
Comtesse de Fontenay), i. 6, 7 

Tankerville, Armandine, Countess of 
(nk de Grammont), ii. 98, 152, 307 

Tankerville, Charles, 4th Earl of, 
i. 36, 157, 237 

Tankerville, Charles Augustus, 5th 
Earl of. See Ossulston, Lord 

Tankerville, Emma, Countess of (nee 
Colebrooke), i. 36 

Tarleton, General Sir Banastre, i. 
126, 155, 168 

Tarragona, siege of, i. 185 

Tavistock, Marquess of (7th Duke of 
Bedford),his speech on Whitbread's 
death, i. 242 j Bennet on, i. 257 ; 
to move a vote of censure, ii. 5, 
II ; "infinitely below himself," 
ii. 12 ; Castlereagh and, ii. 38, 42 ; 
at Newmarket, ii. 79 ; half a buck 
from, ii. 91 ; Church Reform Bill, 
ii. 255 ; split between Stanley and 
Russell, ii. 274 ; Creevey on, ii. 
321 j and Queen Victoria, ii. 322, 

3 2 4 

Taylor, Michael Angelo, his house 
in Whitehall a rendezvous of the 
Whigs, i. 118, 159, 160, 199, 211, 
212 ; ii. 2, 3, 19, 24, 42-44, 60, 61, 
65, 89-91, loo, 105, 106, 116, 152, 
155, 213, 215, 284 

Taylor, Mrs. M. A., i. 137, 140, 141 ; 
ii. 3, 28, 29, 38, 58, 60, 65, 81, 
89-91, 95, "3, "9, 120, 121, 123, 
129, 132, 148, 160, 165, 184, 194, 
208, 209, 219, 267 

Taylor, Sir Herbert, ii. 124 ; the 
Garth case, ii. 197, 200 

Tempest, Bart., Sir Harry Vane, of 
Wynyard, it. 58 

Tempest, Mr., ii. 93 



Tennant, Dr., i. 2 

Tennyson, Clerk to the Board of 
Ordnance, ii. 233, 241, 252 

Thackeray, W. M., Vanity Fair, 
i. 218 

Thanet, Sackville Tufton, pth Earl 
of, i. 120, 257, 295, 317, 318, 328, 
336 ; ii. 6, 9, 11, 15, 62 ; Creevey's 
opinion of, i. 125 ; ii. 36 ; compares 
Prince Regent with Moliere's 
Bourgeois Gentilhomme^ i. 182 j his 
illness, i. 243 ; Creevey M.P. for 
Appleby by favour of, i. 298 ; 
Queen Caroline's trial, i. 308, 313 ; 
his bet with Sefton, i. 328 j the 
Whigs little better than old apple- 
women, i. 33 1 j a curious fact about 
/unius, ii. 8 ; letter to Creevey, ii. 
5 1 ; wins ,40,000 at Paris Salon, 
ii. 67 ; his death, ii. 85, 165 

Thayer, Miss, i. 190 

Thermometer, Dr. Currie's clinical, 
i. 2 % 

Thetford, Creevey M.P. for, i. 3, 168 

Thomas, Captain, killed at Waterloo, 
ii. 223 

Thompson, B., ii. 302, 303 

Thompson, Powlett, ii. 269, 322 

Thornhill, Colonel, ii. 188 

Thorpe, Lord Mayor, i. 340 

Thorpe, Miss, i. 340 

Thurlow, Lord, i. 30, 114; and Home 
Tooke, i. 60 ; Creevey on, i. 61 ; 
and Johnstene's port wine, i. 64 

Tierney, George, " Mother Cole," or 
" Old Cole," i. 68, 71, 94, 100, 
122, 123, 137, 161, 191, 200, 256; 
ii. 120, 157, 281, 313 ; incessantly 
intriguing, i. 22 ; and Whitbread, 
i. no, 121, 242; on Grey and 
Whitbread, i. in ; proposes Petty 
or Cavendish as Whig leader, i. 
Ii2j "personal questions never 
answer," i. 114; "will end in 
smoak," i. 124; the thanks of 
Parliament to Wellington, i. 126 ; 
his tricks, i. 127 ; "is doing very 
well," i. 217 ; his temporising plans, 
i. 247 ; his style in speaking, i. 248 ; 
"expert, narrow, and wrong as 
ever," i. 251 ; selected as leader 
of Whigs, i. 265, 278, 290; ii. 
1 06 ; Wellington on, i. 278 ; his 
motion on the Bank forgeries, 
i. 292 ; his nickname, /'. 827 ; 
Creevey's attack on, i. 329, 330, 
336 ; Brougham his fellow-coun- 
sellor, ii. 2 ; and Decaze, ii. 4 ; his 

inveterate folly, ii. 5 j attempts to 
enlist Creevey as Addington's sup- 
porter, ii. 10 j "the Venerable," ii. 
123; P.C., ii. 141 

Tighe, Lady Louisa, ii. 184, 185 

Tighe, Mrs., ii. 87 

Tighe of Woodstock, Hon. W. F., 
ii. 182, 184, 185 

Times, ii. 15, 48, 219, 220, 223, 237, 
257, 308, 310, 316 

Tindal, i. 328 

Titchfield, Lord, ii. 71, 100 

Tomline, George (previously Prety- 
man), Bishop of Lincoln, i. 202 

Tooke, Home, i. 60, 6 1 

Tories, under Pitt, i. 3 ; and Roman 
Catholic Emancipation, ii. 193 

Torres Vedras, i. 131 

Towneley, Charles, ii. 312 

Towneley, Lady Caroline (nh Moly- 
neux), ii. 312 

Townshend, Lord John, i, 13, 125, 

Trafalgar, i. 44, 69 

Traveller, i. 342 

Trippe, Baron, i. 221 

Tufnell, i. 81 

Tullamore, Lord, ii. 288 

Turkey, and Greece, ii. 133 ; and 
Russia, ii. 139 

Twiss, Horace, ii. 12 

Tynte, Mr. Kemeys-, ii. 313 

Tyrone, Earl of (ist Marquess of 
Waterford), ii. 127 

Tyrrell, John, ii. 236 

Tyrwhitt, Sir Thomas, Black Rod, 
i- 3 2 9> 34 5 " 120 ; the Queen's 
trial, i. 306 ; George IV.'s illness, 
ii. 104, 197 


Ulm, capitulation of, i. 44, 45 
Ultras, the, ii. 147 

Useful Knowledge, Library of, ii. 206 
Uxbridge, Earl of (afterwards 2nd 

Marquess of Anglesey),/. 230 ; ii. 


Valenciennes, i. 282, 283 

Van de Weyer, Belgian Minister, 

11. 329 
Van M 

Van Merlen, General, /. 230 
Vane, Mr., ii. 96 



Vane-Tempest, Bart., Sir Harry, it. 58 

Vansittart, N. (afterwards Lord 
Bexley), "Mouldy," i. 114, 262, 
342 ; ii. 129 ; on Whitbread's 
death, i. 242 ; his attempt to 
punish Creevey, ii. 9 

Vaughan, "Hat," i. 208, 236 

Verbyst, i. 293 

Vernon, Edward Venables, Arch- 
bishop of York, i. 328, 337 

Vernon, Sir Charles, i. 161 ; ii. 63 

Verona Congress, ii. 52, 60, 62 

Victor, Marshal, i. 190, 223, 225 

Victoria, Queen, ii. i, 51, 228, 257, 
310, 321-336 ; her accession, ii. 
322 ; her reception of I yndhurst, 
ii. 323 ; Melbourne's health, ii. 
325 ; Creevey presented to, ii. 326 ; 
Hayter the artist, ii. 330; Mel- 
bourne on, ii. 332 ; and Durham, 
" 335 5 h er generosity to the Fitz- 
clarences and Sir John Lade, ii. 
335 336 

Vienna Congress, i. 213 

Villa Real, Marquess, ii. 167 

Villeneuve, Admiral, i. 69 

Villiers, John, i. 136, 140 

Villiers, Viscount, ii. 311 

Vimeira, battle of, i. 237 

Viotti, the violinist, i. 148 

Vitry, i. 280 

Vittoria, battle of, ii. 193 

Vivian, Sir Hussey, afterwards Lord, 
i. 309 

Voeykoff, Mdlle., i. 69 

Voltaire, i. 2 


Waithman, Robert, i. 129-131, 341 ; 
ii. 18 

Walcheren Expedition, i. 93, 95, 96, 
118, 124, 127, 129, 131, 250 

Waldegrave, Countess, i. 246 

Waldegrave, Earl, i. 246 ; ii. 267 

Walker, Mr. and Mrs., ii. 186 

Wallachia, ii. 139 

Walpole, George, i. 47 

Walpole, Horace, ii. 163, 261, 267 

Walpole, Sir Robert, ii. 246, 267 

Walsham, Lady, ii. 235 

Walter, M.P. for Berkshire, pro- 
prietor of Times \ ii. 308 

Ward, John William. See Dudley, 
1st Earl of 

Ward, Lord, 2nd Earl of Dudley, 

" 333 
Ward, Robert, i. 45 


Wardle, Colonel, i. 97, 112, 113, 115, 


Warner, i. 66, 68 
Warren, Charles, lawyer, i. 60, 113 ; 

ii. 8 
Warrender, Lady Julia (nte Maitland), 

i. 209 ; ii. 60 
Warrender, of Lochead, Sir George, 

4th Baronet, i. 127 ; ii. 60, 74, 167, 


Warrender, Sir John, $th Baronet, 
i. 209 ; ii. 60, 76 

Warwick, Lord, i. 247 ; ii. 7 

Waterford, Marchioness of, ii. 127 

Waterford, 1st Marquess of, ii. 127 

Waterloo, i. 172, 230 

Waters, Colonel, i. 101 

Watley, Colonel, i. 67 

Waverers, the, ii. 244 

Wear, Whitbread's valet, i. 242 

Webster, Lady Frances, i. 255 

Webster, Sir Godfrey, i. 255 

Weekly Political Register, Cobbett's, 
i. 89, 132, 133 

Weissenberg, Herr, ii. 262 

Wellesley, Marchioness of, i. 70 ; ii. 

Wellesley, Marquess of, i. 95, 113, 
163, 174 ; ii. 285, 288 ; the Copen- 
hagen Expedition, i. 85 ; attacks 
on his Indian administration, i. 86, 
90 ; the revolution in Spanish South 
America, i, 86, 118 ; Whitbread 
hostile to, i. 88 ; Foreign Secretary, 
i. 96, 1 18 ; " the Atlas of the falling 
State," i. 123 ; Portuguese soldiers, 
i. 130; resigns office, i. 152, 174 ; 
and Lord Holland, i. 153 ; Prince 
Regent and, i. 153, 155-158, 160, 
162; "our new patron," i. 156; 
Prime Minister, i. 157, 162 ; and 
Sheridan, i. 158 ; and Canning, i. 
160, 161 ; Paull, i. 226 ; " there 
seems an idea of," ii. 16, 20 ; Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland, ii. 63, 267, 
328 ; Reform Bill, ii. 247 ; letter 
to Creevey, ii. 327 

Wellesley, Sir Henry, Lord Cowley, 
i. 218 ; ii. 263, 320 

Wellington, Duke of, "the Beau," 
i- 95 H3> 132, 148, 217, 260, 267, 
303, 307, 337 J . 18, 20, 42, 44, 
79, 117, 140, 234, 269, 273, 284, 
303 ; Secretary for Ireland, i. 86 ; 
2nd Peninsular War, i. 87-90, 93 ; 
3rd Peninsular War, passage of 
the Douro, i. 101-105, 109 ; Tala- 
vera, i. 107, 123, 125 ; Perceval's 

2 B 



notice of thanks, i. 124-127 ; a 
pension for, i. 128; "Portuguese 
are now the fighting cocks of the 
army," i. 128 ; Hutchinson on, i. 
130; Torres Vedras, i. 131 ; Siege 
of Badajos, i. 145 ; Congreve's 
rockets, i. 147 ; siege of Burgos, i. 
172 j on General Murray's opera- 
tions, i. 185 ; in winter quarters on 
French soil, i. 187 j the thanks of 
the House of Commons, i. 198 ; 
British Plenipotentiary at Vienna 
Congress, i. 213; predicts a Re- 
public in Paris, i. 215, 226 ; in 
command of the Allies in Belgium, 
i. 218; composition of his forces, 
i. 219; Waterloo, i. 221-231, 235- 
239; Lord Holland v., /'. 246; 
Kinnaird and the Marinet incident, 
i. 273, 276 ; extracts from Creevey's 
journal about, i. 276-289 ; on the 
English Princes, i. 277 ; onTierney, 
i. 278 ; on the Prince Regent's 
figure, i. 279 ; Duke of Kent, i. 282, 
284 ; Richelieu, i. 285 ; on Grey 
and Lansdowne, i. 286 ; Canning's 
and Whitbread's sparring bout, 
287 ; withdraws Army of Occupa- 
tion, i. 288 ; on Lowe, i. 289 ; his 
"scrape" when Lord Lieutenant 
of Hants, ii. 6 ; violent against 
Queen Caroline, ii. 14 ; ill, ii. 49 ; 
the Verona Congress, ii. 52, 60 ; 
France v. Spain, ii. 64 ; and Duke 
of York, ii. 67 ; and Canning, ii. 
103, in, 121, 135; resigns Com- 
mand - in - Chief, ii. 104, 123 ; 
Creevey's confidence in, ii. no ; 
resigns office, ii. 112, 113; " curious 
times these, Duke!" ii. 121 ; and 
Brougham, ii. 122; correspondence 
with George IV. as to Command- 
in - Chief, ii. 123, 124 ; Com- 
mander-in-Chief, ii. 131, 135 ; 
identifying himself with the Old 
Tories, ii. 131 ; Lady Jersey and, 
ii. 133, 232 ; Goderich's resigna- 
tion, ii. 141 ; Prime Minister, ii. 
144, 153, 196 ; stands firm, ii. 
147 ; Grey satisfied with, ii. 151 ; 
" will do capitally," ii. 152 ; and 
the new Buckingham Palace, ii. 
156; his view of Corn Laws, ii. 
158; Huskisson's resignation, ii. 
*$%> 159 ; and George IV., ii. 159 ; 
his "horrible appointments," ii. 
160 ; and the Roman Catholic 
question, ii. 170, 190, 193, 194, 

198, 199 ; recalls Anglesey from 
Ireland, ii. 174, 193-195 ; and Lady 
Louisa Tighe, ii. 184 ; his inten- 
tions about Ireland, ii. 186 ; duel 
with Winchilsea, ii. 199, 200 ; a 
fall from his horse, ii. 201 ; 
Brougham on, ii. 208 ; in tip-top 
spirits, ii. 210 ; and William IV., 
ii. 212, 296, 298 ; at opening of 
Liverpool and Manchester Railway, 
ii. 213 ; on Brougham as Chan- 
cellor, ii. 218 ; and Sir John 
Shelley, ii. 222 ; George IV.'s ex- 
ecutor, ii. 233, 320 ; the Ordnance 
tents, ii. 233 ; Lord Hill votes 
against, ii. 240 ; fails to form Min- 
istry, ii. 244, 246, 247 ; mobbed, 
ii. 248; the Irish Church Bill, ii. 
258 ; at Lord Cowley's wedding, 
ii. 263 ; Chancellor of Oxford 
University, ii. 279 ; Mrs. Arbuth- 
not's death, ii. 286 ; removes Duke 
of Clarence from office of Lord 
High Admiral, ii. 300 ; his evidence 
before Flogging Commission, ii. 
310; Mrs. Fitzherbert, ii. 319, 

Wellington Despatches, Civil and 
Military, i. 87, 128, 131, 185, 273, 
304 ; ii. 53, 123, 124, 314, 315, 

3 2 4 

Werneck, i. 44 

Western, Charles Callis ("Squire 
Western "), created Baron Western 
of Ravenhall, i. 114, 313, 339; 
ii. 5, 236, 310 ; on the Castlereagh- 
Canning duel, i. 98 ; Folkestone 
and Mrs. Clarke, i. 115, 116 ; on 
Brougham's Treaty of Paris speech, 
i. 249 ; " no superior mind amongst 
us," i. 251 j on agricultural depres- 
sion, etc., i. 252 ; Queen Caroline's 
trial, i. 310; on the abandonment 
of the Divorce clause, i. 319 ; on 
Cobbett, i. 334 ; at the Lord 
Mayor's dinner, i. 340 ; his letters 
to Creevey, i. 98, 249, 251, 319, 


Westmacott, editor of The Age, ii. 

Westminster, 2nd Marquess of, ii. 260 

Westminster Review, ii. 98 

Westmorland, Earl of, i. 158 ; ii. 
105, 112, 128, 171 

Wetherell, Sir Charles, Attorney- 
General, ii. 224, 248 

Wharncliffe, Lord, ii. 242, 244 

Whateley, Councillor, ii. 231 



Whetham, General, i. 150 

Whigs, under Grenville, i. 3 ; schism 
between Radicals and, i. 260 ; their 
fusion with the Canningite Ministry, 


Whishaw, J., i. 5, in, 138, 250 

Whitbread, Lady Elizabeth, i. 109, 
156, 196; ii. 153 

Whitbread, Miss, i. 139 

Whitbread, Samuel, i. 13, 14, 34. 
114, 128, 139, 141, 155, 156, 172, 
181, 185, 207, 217; ii. 117; 
Sheridan and Adair, i. 22 ; im- 
peachment of Melville, i. 33, 88 ; 
the Boyd, Benfield and Co. incident, 
i. 35, 36 ; opposes war policy of 
Government, i. 88 ; Cintra Conven- 
tion, i. 89 ; and Sir Arthur Wel- 
lesley, i. 103-105 ; discusses nothing 
but politics with Creevey, i. 109 ; 
and Tierney, i. no, 112 j the 
"old trader," i. 118; Ponsonby 
and, i. 121 ; "stout and strong," 
i. 123 ; the Walcheren Expedition, 
i. 131 ; Creevey 's advice as to 
Office, i. 137, 140 ; his offer to 
Creevey, i. 142, 143 ; his projected 
exclusion from the Cabinet, i. 157, 
182 ; and R. B. Sheridan, i. 158, 
163, 164, 179 ; Brougham, i. 176 ; 
the only peacemaker, i. 178 ; his 
two capital blunders, i. 180 ; 
correspondence with Tom Sheri- 
dan, i. 190 ; Princess Charlotte 
and Prince of Orange, i. 197 ; 
against grant to Wellington, i. 
198 ; Princess of Wales' letter to, 
and his reply, i. 200, 201 ; his 
strange backwardness about West- 
minster, i. 204 ; " all for Boney," 
i. 214 ; commits suicide, i. 240- 
244, 249; ii. 41, 42, 44; a 
sparring bout with Canning, i. 287 ; 
Grey and, ii. 118; his letters to 
Creevey, i. 88-90, 94, 99> I", "7, 
193, I95 199 

Whitbread, Samuel, son of above, 
ii. 71 

Whitbread, William, ii. 71 

Whitworth, Lord, British Ambas- 
sador at Paris, stormy interview 
with Napoleon, i. 10 ; leaves Paris, 
i. 13 ; his liaison at St. Petersburg, 

Wilberforce, William, M.P. for Hull, 
i. 36, 99 ; an inimitable speech for 
peace, i. 15 ; and Brougham, i. 30 ; 
Sydney Smith on, i. 166 ; his 

opinion of Whitbread, i. 242 ; on 
exclusion of Queen Caroline's 
name from Liturgy, i. 306 ; and 
Lord John Russell, i. 309 ; a frus- 
trated intention, ii. 76 

Wilbraham, i. 298 

Wilde, Sir Thomas (afterwards Lord 
Truro), i. 328 ; present at Queen 
Caroline's death, ii. 21, 22 ; her 
funeral arrangements, ii. 24 

Wilkie, Sir David, ii. 322 

William IV., Duke of Clarence, i. 46, 
47, 50, 62, 190, 277, 314 ; ii. 3, 
99, 325 J letter to Creevey, i. 32 ; 
present at the Pearce-Gully prize- 
fight, i. 64; and the Bank Note 
Bill, i. 146 ; Duke of Kent on, i. 
268-270 ; ill, i. 272 ; " that Prince 
of Blackguards," i. 298 ; his vote 
v. Queen Caroline, i. 339 ; " our 
Billy is a wag," ii. 104 ; 9000 a 
year for, ii. 106 ; and Lady Sefton, 
ii. 212 ; his wish to be comfortable, 
ii. 224 ; dismisses Seymour and 
Meynell from his household, ii. 
225 ; "I beg you won't kneel, 
Lord Derby," ii. 226 ; Grey's 
appeal for dissolution, ii. 227-229 ; 
at the Opera, ii. 228 ; his greeting 
to Creevey, ii. 229 ; and Grey, ii. 
231, 244-246, 274, 276, 286; his 
Coronation, ii. 235 ; and the 
Duchess of Kent, ii. 238 ; peer- 
making, ii. 241, 244, 245 ; the 
Reform Bill, ii. 244, 264 ; com- 
mands Wellington to form admini- 
stration, ii. 244 ; and Brougham, 
ii. 246, 318 ; his gracious behaviour 
to Creevey, ii. 258-260; "exactly 
so, Ma'am," ii. 262 ; at Olivia de 
Ros' wedding, ii. 263 ; sends for 
Melbourne, ii. 282-284, 285 ; and 
Coke's speech against George III., 
ii. 294 ; dismisses Melbourne, sends 
for Wellington, ii. 296-298 ; repri- 
manded and removed (when Duke 
of Clarence) from office of Lord 
High Admiral, ii. 300 ; his 7oth 
birthday, ii. 308 ; his death, ii. 321 ; 
his last act, ii. 322 ; his generosity 
to Sir John Lade, ii. 335 

Williams, John, ii. 39 

Williams, Owen, i. 99, 1 1 1 

Williams, Sir Thomas Hanbury, ii. 


Williamson, Sir Hedworth, ii. 81 
Willoughby, d'Eresby, Lady (Dow- 
ager Lady Gwydyr), i. 311 



Wilmot, a house-painter at Warwick, 
i. 339 

Wilson, the artist, ii. 322 

Wilson, M.P. for City, i. 278 

Wilson, General Sir Robert ("Jaffa " 
Wilson), i. 240 ; ii. 26, 32, 64, 68, 
95, 107, 269 ; History of the British 
Expedition to Egypt, i. 312 ; letter 
from Taylor to, ii. 90 

Wilson, Harriet, i. 294 

Wilson, Richard, ii. 300 

Wilson, Sir M., ii. 114 

Wilton, Lady Mary Stanley, Countess 

of, i. 305 ;jii. 48, 81,83, 203 

f, ii. 81, 82, 100, 
128, 129 

Wilton, 3rd Earl of, 

Winchester, Lord Mayor, ii. 308 
Winchilsea, Countess of, (nee Bagot), 

11. 329 
r inchil 

Winchilsea, 9th Earl of, his duel with 

Wellington, ii. 199, 200 
Windham, Mr., i. 9, 19-21, 38 ; ii. 55 
Windsor, Mrs., i. 47 
Winslow, Lord, i. 62 
Wolcott, John, " Peter Pindar," The 

Lousiad, ii. 29 
Wood, Alderman, his support of 

Queen Caroline, i. 202, 302, 318 ; 

ii. 14, 17, 18 
Wood, Mr., Lord Grey's Secretary, 

ii. 242, 249, 250 
Woodville, Mrs., i. 279 
Woronzow, Count, i. 283-285 
Wortley, i. 160 ; ii. loo 
Wrights, the, i. 112, 113, 115 
Wyatt, the architect, ii. 289 
Wykeham, Miss, i. 272 
Wyndham, General Sir Henry, ii. 165 
Wyndham, Hon. Charles, ii. 164 
Wyndham, Hon. Mrs. (daughter of 

Lord Charles Somerset), ii. 165 
Wyndham, Hon. William, ii. 164 

Wyndham, Miss, ii. 164 

Wynn, Rt. Hon. Charles W. 

Williams, i. 128, 194, 214, 271 ; 

ii. 70, 113 
Wynn, Sir W T . W., i. 282 ; ii. 31 

Yarborough, Lord, i. 308 

Yarmouth, Earl of, i. 150; ii. 191 ; 
Castlereagh's second in duel with 
Canning, i. 97 j Sheridan and, 
i. 146, 195 ; Prince Regent and, 
i. 149 ; the Courier, i. 178 ; 
" preaches peace at the corners of 
all the streets," i. 214 

York, Duchess of, i. 181, 182, 305 ; 
ii. 27 

York, Duke of, i. 17, 31, 34, 44, 53, 
123, 146, 150, 294, 297 ; ii. 3, 7, 
61, 79, 89, 100, 157, 325 ; Com- 
mander-in-Chief, i. 63 ; Prince of 
Wales and, i, 63, 159 ; Mrs. 
Clarke, i. 97, 112, 115, 124, 151, 
310 ; ii. 2 ; motion to reinstate as 
Commander-in-Chief, i. 140, 147 ; 
his debts, i. 209; "so tipsy," i. 
184; Duke of Kent on, i. 268, 
271 ; "won't live long," i. 298 ; 
Queen Caroline's trial, i. 314, 339 ; 
Lauderdale's story, ii. 27; at 
Ascot, ii. 77 ; the insidious Scroop, 
ii. 78 ; his natural son, ii. 97 ; 
building a new palace, ii. 99 ; his 
death and funeral, ii. 104, 106 

Yorke, Mr., i. 127, 137 

Young, Mr., Lord Melbourne's 
Secretary, ii. 311 

Younger, an English merchant from 
Riga, ii. 290 





MAR1 1940 






Creevey, Thomas 

The Creevey papers 
C 2d ed. 3