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Full text of "Critical, historical and miscellaneous essays"

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^^^^» - ■ ^^^^^^1 


^6i^7;3^JU-^s 


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^^^^^^3 i. 03 -i^H 


HARVARD 
COLLEGE 

LIBRARY 



CRJTICAU HISTORICAL 



MISCELLANEOCS ESSAYS. 



LORD MACAULAy. 
wrrn x u»:moik and inixci. 

«EX 7QLUUES IX THRE& 
TOL& L AM9 ir 



NKV^ YOKK: 

A. C ARM^TKONO k 30N, 



'5 



^o'^lA.i'i.^5 



y 



Mnta iSoiiur it«fti*i 







C^e mom of lorB ^acauter. 



ESSAYS. 

VOL.L 



00NTEMT9 



TOfi KUIST VOLUUK 



if«jBw*if, JM« lau) 1 

>>iigt»frifly>i6K.JkMi»i.) . . . . » 

Sca»M# t«Ait "A-mxtur Bavxu.* <AiJpl/'« Qmr- 

^g^ li a$m k i u Jmmry tWi.) » 

C»me«u ow tns PKcNCirAL Ttallui WmiTVftVn 
Ka L Dajftil (fiw^l/j Qmmtn^ J/e^oxw, Jan- 

ISU.) ........ ftl 

09i nn PUNCITAI iTAUAIt WjiitmM^ 
Ha. £L PvnAxcnL C<^r# CMrt<r^ 3i^ulM. 
April 1614.) M 

Aoooorr or Tiri Graat Lawbcit htnnsr 
nm VAMmaa or St. Dunta asip St^ Oftovo* 
at las VAtck. (J&^f QtwMr^ JV^fnh*^ 
AfmlltU.) 100 

i CoWBBOATlOn »ST««k1l UlE. AwUHAJi COVL>r 

Ajift U&. ^omn UiLTtM Tomiinno nm QmitAT 
CiTn. Wajl (Jj«^i ^.ArtvJf J fifMh i. Augm. 

im) . < . . . , . , III 

Dv Tmi Irncxuii Chufov (tCi^f ttforUwi^ Uof- 
mtH^Aagim l«M) lit 




It 



OOWTKVn 



PvkH, TO >fl KKTfTI'KD -ThS WaUAVTQRtAt^' 

0.1 UfTTOftfB'A ItirroMT 01^ caacxeiL {Kna^k^r Qu&f- 

ttH$ Ma^adnv^ SoTmt1>ffr l«n,) . . . . ITI 

IllLTOH. (i£db>Awy& J'nw^, Au«uii tats.) . . , m 

Uaciiiatuj^. (SJniwyA /bww, Ukrch lAST.) - * Mt 

JUu-Ai^ OoNatmnsotfAL UwtoiT- (CAMwyl A*- 



0ONTBNT8 



or 



nn SECOND VOLUME. 



itt*.} a 

tmj/k iimim, Jiui« U1«.) . . . ^ .ft 

DntiTABLUUf TofionT or OonuntiCMT. {SSmhm^k 

A«rM, OrtoUr l»tt.) . . . »S 

•ifw, JMiiw7l«9a> . . lit 

lU. Koanr UtumioiinT't Foxim. jEimAMr^ &- 

s^^ April mo) ....... |gt 

lft>u[^ I.** t>T PoPOLATfOir. (JSUbtvryl JMm, 

J^ttM) . ft4 

lOT Wi '* EiHTioir or nm PELaniM'* PloCMMB 

(fiJJyj* fern, llw^ttWr IRIQ,) . ... MO 

J—Mj isji.) . . ne 

Ant. Ihft4ftjtrtic» or thm J*ir> (SiTiiitiirsit ^mtiiif 

Jm^I7 ini.) . , . . . . . M7 

Itom^ l^rn or Loko Brsojl. (BdMuryA JEnv-r* 

Jn»UlL> *M 

l^oan^ BMnov or lki«wju,L'N Lirr or JomMir, 

WyA Ante, lJ«««btar IflL) . tl^ 



FUBLISH£R^ ASrEKTlSEMENT. 



mad HiicvllviooQi £eaty«, eomaiin all tlio Anid^ifl pob- 
Ikbarf whJi tbu autlicc'fCQrrecti^m and miuon (3 lob^ 
IjAndoct : Lonj^tnikJit Orven, ^ Co.) ilimnj^ liia IiMumii 
uvl aU tlic uticlw pali&ihvd hj hh friond* (2 rob^ 
l-Qtt(lnn: LaQ|;DUUi, tireefi A C>>-) lince Itu dvftth. 
Am AftpoMDx CponlBinA Aeren] umjs atrributfd l^ 
l<inl MMuky, gad uAqoHtkniftlily hi*, not Iband in 
■ftjr otJi«r ecblioa nf hk inurifUju>«iim irritin^ 

la lUi cdHtiod ibe EiMjra tmre be«n amnped k 
r^ntula^ail vrdtf, w tiiftt lli«ir pwru^J aSufd*, *n to 
ffwdt, a Mnplete haograpAiical parlraitnn? cf Um brill* 
kai uibor*B cnliul No oilier oditioD pcaxMCfl Uit 

A rvrjrfdll lodcx Lki been itf|iadttlljr f n?paji)d (bt 
Ihii odhloo,— witbovt which ili^ tut «ior«a of Ua- 
lorittl IcMnung awl panJDonl unooloM containoJ in 
lb* Eaayt cm he rtfbntA ta only fa^ tlie fertiiii&U 
mam mho poMisiMS a memory an pmi a£ Uiat of Ms 
vclsy fciuiatir Id llm raifvci it a Kuperipr to lh<T 
Eofclddi oditi««Ut u»d nhollf nntiko anr uiiior Aizwr 
Icai Mtian. 




ft nmusiuuni u>vsjmBixsrT 

This fdltion ilso coTitdoA tlie ^iQX9 text of M» 
CAuUy'i EiBujL Thu oxmct puuctiutkni, ciitliogn|^^ 
etc of t]i« Bnj^liali filifionA liave beoa followed. 

ThQ portrail b froB a pbotogntpb bj' CUudot, 
repTimmb th« gnat biitoriftn u be ippwed in Um] 
l«tl«r jvan of liiA lifft. 

The bingmpbJcftl and crilicaJ Inlrodoctioi] is &«aj 
Ui« wvll-known puri of Mr. iL V. WUipplo, nbo [■ 
Eblljr cutitlud Ui ^ittk with uiUiodiy iu ngvrd lo Um 
moit brj]li&ut OMjiM of lh« ${g^ ^ 

Tbe tfpogrmpbic&l exoollcikce of iho pnUioaiion 
pkott it amonfi tho beat tlua h&vo isuknI fVoni iba 
^^TonJdd" i'r«aB. Wi» truM tli« pubiio will appr»- 
cattff frb«t hai kmj( been OMiedt-^— a oomplete «od 
eorrect cdiboa, k bannlfcamft libnry aiyk* of Ixii^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH 



«v 



MACAULAY. 



Ttti mtariiii for the bsoj^phy of Lonl UiusuJa; 
IM *amtjr, aatd the wtilRr nf the prtacnt sketch hoj 
hmtt alilv to^fui fw GicU nj^ardktg til* ca^^r wlivdi 
m mi geotsalij kaiwti. Ha JiiV vnu cumpurftUrcly 
Urm Ui cwutft, sod Utaa{;!i ho rost tQ (ixilficooDf 
■Dckl, lilar«/7, and potiiiod stAtiw, lie li^d iM>IUMr to 
^Bng^ nor «cnuililo Cor ftdvAnctsucL AlwiMt u 
HOB Bi Ui ulenu wen <lifplB7«d tbiy wirra recognised 
and nrwuilaL ^nd lH^ ftttabiNl farttme and power with* 
OM nttDfi ■»/ mouia which coqinrcd the h^tt Meri6c«, 
«kW of lliv inltgnly or tho fjrJde of h» chunicter. 

TxnuB Baklmutoh Hicavlat wh bom ftt Roil>- 
^r Temfjle. L«accrtdcdiiPB, on iho twi^iy-flAh or 
UrtoUr, IBOO. Uk &ibcr. Z^u^ M*oii]&y, tlM 
■an <f fl Sco4cb Prvolijlcriiii decfjnun, wu one of 
dho WOilliJcvt and mh^e/H vUadftTfej pluTAnthrof)irta 
nd poBtkiBM of hk time, dittVi£;tiIahod. tfrtm amoo^ 
neh mcti bi Wilberlbirrc, Clarlnoiip ud &4f>pheB, fur 
dmn^ n^cUy, iqic^grit/, wid rWi^oot piiikdploL 
Uii Dotbcr WW ilwe daui^htvr of Xljuoittv MUU, ■ 
InokwHaT iu Brstol, and bukugod to tlio Sudetj oT 
Mmdfr Uodvr htt loring cwo ho rcw^'od Im caHjr 



fill nOORAPHTCAL 8KFTC» OT HAfrACTLAT. 

edacfttion, ftiid ww not «cnt tmm bomc untU bb tfatf 
tmnih jvu", wbon bv was pbc«d iii & firivaUi Kcadft- 
my. As > ^j, h« aaiviiu^L^J all who kiww hiuit bv Uk 

and ruioqr of bb ac^fsltjons* Twi> Utdjr jmb&iliod 
tettors wTtUvn hj HftniuOi Murv tu hi? fi^llivr, «flbrd > 
plsuin^ ^imjHw nf him. At Ha Appcttrod to a iihmrd 
tad AflbclaoDAte ob»prv«r of hU iMrlr rf^r*. SIk 
■PoaIgs of bi* "p«at nipcdonCj^ laf inkJli^t »iid quick- 
ttvm of pMUon," At the «£« of «Iato&. Uft ov^t, ibt 
liujtJci, lo hmvo fvnipetitcin, Ibr " liv i» Uk« ihv priiKv 
who rdtttod to pb&jr with ukjthiiig but king**" ^* 1 
n«irer/' elte SAyf* ** nw sxi|r ono bmd profMoa^ id JiIiq ; 
noThinjc caK«pt luicuml fnilty And uaUlian, inaqiArAUe 
|wrhA|tf tnm mA tM^^nH %m{ m IJvolj nn iirngbiAtMa ; 
he Ji)>f>e%r> (dncvrv^ vwtAciot;*^ t0iHl«r-hfArtedt And aITiw- 
finnAte." ll« ww r fertile vcnifier, cren At ihftt tvnicv 
•(^% but Hill* " obnrvvd witJi jiJwrorg liut thoogli bo mm 
i|uitv wiM till tb» «biUUtkm» of hk mum wm di^ 
diftrgod, ho tbooght m> tnom of tbtin afttr wAr di tbai 
iho Astricb U nid to do od* bcv f^gga liUr ah* hti bU 
^etn/' Vo AwidicrletEcrtwriltGnAboiiittwoyattARfber^ 
wAnU, wbna lb« bri^it hd wtm ncwrijr fbttrtocn, iIia m^ 
** llie i|i»AtIly of rcwljng T««n W poiu«d in. And th« 
qiuoUcy of wntin^ h« fav^ pourod out, is AtCooivbiiig.*' 
^ootiy oontinuod to bo ha j««>kai, but hi$ T«iM<sblt 
iHuttd «im tAtdLOw t4> bid proinliixif- liAlnt of tbrowios 
bt> Term awajt u akui u be had rnd ibtan to licr. 
" Wfl htre pootry/' Ad WTitot* *' far brtdibflt, diimor, 
■nd mipper* He neibtd «fl J'dtaAinf, wbile w« braik* 
ibrtcd, u> <mr pioiut Incnd, Mr WhAlifry, At n^doura, 
And did it bMRn|«rably/* Siw nd«rA to htt loqnct^, 
but tWt qiMlity wviiu ciul, m h/trr fmomce, to Jiavi; 
bAen eonnvctod witb dogBMtuni, for *Im calli bim vorj 



loriU. Al that uriy ago h« «pf^Mii lo have b«<» 
Mrittcirtitlj' BAitvr of liw Mof«t of inTuflMiticjii lo pb^ 
Willi tbciD, sikI bw vit kvpt pftoe with his Ui>d«rBlaiid- 

*■ lave Lv-vD nljui-'k wjtb tho muan of gftjti^ and n- 
iMiftlitf in hb coaTctntiott." Arcntoc^ of. exiir»- 
■Ml •Mfiu aJw to have boGii m Mriklfip; a trnU of iIh> 
hnv'it inl^ BA iroliilHli^ of nttenncA. One &ii]t if 
tt«nlk«vd« vbirh vm probablr iJm rtsnlt of lii» abforj>* 
liap ill tfuJjTAAil coQi|xejti<KL lnc(«>aiitJj uoeufnvtl, 
««UJ];, btf jwd bat [lUk ftttontkti to tifi jatk>ii»1 
•f^wmTMicie, :ui<l 4n dnM «"»< fOEimlilng of ft ^Liveiu 
Vfitlipr liK fiubflrnor H«niuiii Mom cvtild cure liim Af 
iida AmU^Atui. ij|» U) ih« tii&o be boMino Apocr, Hm iw^ 
Wtof ■ztunwksoaniBtohaT« liMn adiAnrteriOic tnit. 
A fcJlmr-fnipiil at lh« acadcmj to wbich lie wm wnt, 
JiP kjfl n» bliD jtc " rmthor Ur^lj^^KiHt than utlivwbsv, 
fett pel food of any of tbo ordiairy pliyv^ml fpon* of 
hfpi vrith 1 dUprc^ciMmauJj 1nrgi> li^od, dWiung 
w ^—ip in je ftbduldnn. and o wMti^i or |>aU*d oom|jteR- 
M : HnKQindy nailing or vrritiiiff. and ofUm reuifiiig 
or r> ;K)«<try in Im walk* wtih Hlfl compaaFona." 

! u--.ier. IH18, tbe prwyvrkiiK YOQth cniar«d 

0«>ll«!^. Oaalvid^, and durloc iW vh<lt 
pvrwd t'f IU« r««idei)c« ■! ihis Unjv«vfty bis ip*c»l 
#nxlla» did not dlvirri him fK/m grali^ng his Ibtnt 1^ 
^nnml kninvlttlps and ia*ie fi>r f*«ncraJ lltorftUire. 
Ift 1^19 h« ^mnl iht chnnot'Uora moikl ftfr a povoa 
on (h« aoibjvQt of Pompeii, wtA in l^^t llio wmit |it4w 
Bjt oim «iq Bruitiv;;. For thufto, and for all f^in|>oai- 
liiva of lliv ti§t\\, \ro aA«T«AnU prnfcAfd to fi>al tho 
MMinL Two j«ua an«r hu MUOfkd f thXuM m ft 
1*001, wo find ham (foni[«ring pnw pooofl tu jirui 
- Tb« ol^W.*' ho aajs, « of Ow conpcilM fcr 



. 



il 



% uoGAinEKUt BJirrcii or mcAifiAr. 

tiM ffrncaHunl pvcmmni in lo pndoMan Aiiiiml fit, 
nut tg be uten, but lo hv iri>igbcd. Tbv ob^tci r/ iba 
poodcal cnndHUlo u U/ imHlacc, nut a jpiul poircEt* but 
A pova of d)<i vxact cbr^fve of fiipdil^ ukI bambul 
wfaiu}! majr B^bpnu- to Iij» cviuor« to b* cornKt ur m^ 
timo. In gctwnil i>i-ij9e sJitwp «n jQood Ibr nodiifig Lut 
to Qttke t&iJow oAti^Jfs, ftod piit»po«iu ttogosd for 
DotliinA but to liitht then/' 

In l^Sl be w» eWia! Cni»n OuivoMtj flcbciar; 
•Dd in ISiE^ ho j^iluAivJ, a&d roonwit bift 4l«^t^ 
of B. A. ; though b« did tiot c«fiip«t« Jbr boQon, ov- 
isgi ii ia Bud, to haa diMliLu for ouihoiudiljni. U^Iwumi 
thi* period And 1824, u Vii lie wa* fiWciiHl F*;Buw of 
bin CcJIcgo, fac «viitribuuid to Ktiijcbt's Qtuitcrl^ ^^^ 
Minn tbe pounn and o«ay«, in wbid^ for tlto Ant UMko, 
w» dic4«ct the Indinj; iraita 4if liU intcUcclual cbam> 
Xar. Ho poMttved tbc tMinjc and ihe £aailty cf Utt 
|nmA Doly »o br ai tbej ar« iwc«flMrf Ivr tb« 'iitvrpr^ 
tatrru a&d rvpftaaniatm rcquitviBvnb of tlw hiiti^rian. 
He puvsOMfd tb« iu)denta«di»g «f lJi<i ptuJoaopbar 
ontjr »o &r a» it la tmoi— ry b> ihtow into Rktknir ^c 
Tiridljr cotimvod hcH derired ^om tba rec«rd« of iba 
annalnL He foiild not crvalo, bol be &m\d rvpfftxlaco ; 
lie oouM not viuti/ oooaUnf, Uit h« could lof(ira2t^ 
dupoM. The fiiir operation of ibttu oienbl qoaliliw 
VM dnluf bod by tb« pvcoliauiliw of bai ApoHlioib 
Bo had botui^oM >«K«oiifideiic% whicb bod btfini een- 
■Ciouily «f nnoowdooJr puip«ied bj Grietadi wbo 
tdo^rvi (ba nnuHcabk bdllwicy of hk powcrt. In- 
dt f ionde n cc of thcm^t »ai tbiM early cOQbOCtcd wiib 
iaifHinoiiw>oi» of will and petulant diu«qi«c* ibr oth^ 
■diidi. Baring no MlMi«CniM, tbera wa» otMmg tc 
fhacAc tbe poativeoav of bit Ja(%o»«ftta, Wbura mvn 
Otmknu tluak«i« douLtvd he dugnuaiicd ; ihtdr profaa 



I 

I 



1 



■OOUTOCAL aCETCS Of MJUrAnLAT. 






bililiea were fan certuntii* ; and fptiwnlly th* too* 
III* jmlgiMiUa*0«iwxl lo uiiply Ilia mmudb«lj«C 
oftxini uf tlu? «gDtBt~**<diift)nriKi» froui am m tbt 
UHMAV ai ■bittntily." Lgnl Mwibonnu «ftonninii 
ceulfUy tAncbfd iipnci tJiis foibics wbcrn bo Uxily «x- 
prnwd 1U> wUi Uiat ha '* vnui u mm <tt a&ythiiig «■ 

A ptvtUKi of thU pofftivM»i« » porhftp* to b« 
tiivivd ■> nocli to tbe ilndneoa of Km p^rcoptiou 
am to ti>« MatDCtwTj of bin dtupunbaR. Ail tb&t ha 
nml bo noivcitbetvii j uid bt» mMioy, being iikdiMO- 
Inblj oonnecUd with bk EuvUnif* und b:« imagiiaitiiqifc, 
TitvliMd «U tbat it raouiMd- ^«U mid ponon of ft 
pMi a^ wi-n noL to him blddaa lu tbo vronla whl^ 
pKtendal lo oonrey tben to tbe nuod* but mm p«r- 
niJTil aviicbud rw«it«uid Imng baingsu flsoniild 
faeoUacI becftaw hn co«ld n^iliit^ ;iod Kfiroduc«h 
Ibbttnwiite) «7«tbo p»twiu pUMcnt, K&d b« hftd 
lb« ^iftlif^it of tb« povt ill Ti^vkxii; )a tbings vbat tbt 
Ugtenan had ivoov^W in iffiinkt. All muu tm mw« 
pa t ii rp m rtfAfd to wlua tiiej bik-ro moii tliAn in iV' 
^rd u> irius ibo; hfttv boftrd. If whox tbe^ hav* 
MflB ttvttkow in thfin }^y and fsnUiitfuiBin, th<4r cx- 
|BMBUii it ioftnictitfpU dognjitiDi MptcUlh- if tbnj- 
ommi ioto eoUiiion witb prnonA of fiunt«T &od coldtv 
piQgptirjfM, wiMae mnientandiags m BoepUoal b»- 
tnm tfanr KiunbilhicB arv tluU. Sucb, to boibii d»» 
g»e«,ftt l^tf WM Um dogin;»ti«iit of MooHolft^ is bii 
of LicU- lu fucpoot to Im ptmXivtsmm ia 
it oiBj bo Mid tlut biM Wdtry opttnota von 
IJAkd with liJitiKimlpMliaiki.iuidMi iuiim«taJcubk 
iDfft of cntb uuiBfttct ercn bis fi«droMU ba«i|^ilie«t uid 
AmM di«rl»iaful tntfitiiKnt of thd ofiiiiioiM of opponentib 
TImm ^o^hiM do 004 of coufM wbollj »Tp1«ii or «■* 



SH BSOOftATfllCAL SKTICB Qt MACALXAT. 

mawto Uio IvuUng Moot of lik dtei«<ft«r; Bor 
ddiiil UwiUt it Oitxal Iw MSaitUail, wue tke uiunftplisnl 
oobniiioiuoeAfl ol poraooal Tinar* tbv ukiolmt moub 
of pirnt^iiil AU|j«rioTity, ftQct Um nlontluMiit'*^ of 

Jeutuol Qonvictioft. 

Among bk ooottibutiDOB to KAight'a Qnttfrij 
Magubfi* the Fhwnent of m Hanum T»l« Aod The 
Athr&iiui K«voU, iiMUcnUtihntftlcolU^h<ihMl«tiidiod 
thi* UM-ifrnt daMitt to tJiorvti^lily »» u> fi^ui no JUtU 
iiutfflit into Qnwk ami llooiiuilifp, Aldbudos^ t>EUBr» 
nod CiUUliiu^, tp^m *• rrjil to Kim ui Cutntrtji Aod 
WoUiukUui. ia Uitf |Kt)wn oo Mitiunl't Hntory of 
Oivooe aod 11m AtLvoUti OrAtorH, lUo vlehq t«i^ 
doUf^T-oI min'lifidifpliqrcd nacnticBl dJrKtum. Hii 
JuteUoot iviw tnt<.'3 to t]i« m^liEfttt M tb« toe^ij »ad 
Hm ib^TidtuLi )io ftMuiiM* lo jiadf;^^ And llin mil«pflD» 
diDO*. originAli^* And dMukm of hta Uusking, corr«> 
qwod to thti cdiwviB of Ilk pMtyqitionB, The Goi^ 
viiaiitMA batvNcfi Cowing vul Uilloo U mn oj o dipto 
of the MmAyiBpBUMrliu faiuorie uttAgioalkia wi'liawJ 
io tkv ditoiiton of i^wU butomd qii(«tioan» j«i ai^ 
pUy dchfuod ; Aad ta th* poom of 'Dw Battb of 
NwQbj. wludi pttrpocu %t> be wTittcn by Obailkb 
Bind-duh'-Kni^li^ChAiniMuid tJw1^ NobW-with-Unka 
•of-Tnnt. Snrjvaiit, in In4on'4 Kogtmmt, ad AltWBpt 
b niAd» to rvfirodnuA tke ficmei and gloomliHA ny 
ligioiiA pAMiooA iHikli tmfpvl in tbn btfoMta of th* 
miUtery fAuottA Among tb« Puribuw. Tbo critioAl 
pi^Ti on JXuUo AUid Ptttrniok «xliibit tW ipovMkl 
^^Hfftotonatk of Qiw wtiiAr"! bilvf htmwtf mitiitn — 
fjUAllActuAl fiyniiNkihy Btip«rior to ni!«« but MbmiA^ 
ikm to hu/r% ; pruwnff wArmty, b«L ml tfijr miao time, 
•Adging kfiMolf ; Add aa utoluttiitof fAAlta m mumUjva 



I 



I 



I 



mootAPtnui. Bccicn cr iLUucLir, xm 

b amU. Tlie rijle* Wh of iJu? faitfon^^l uiil «itur«l 
mn-lcm.u uibiuuirmily <bo itylo of M»niiiky'« icor* 

MovmMcU, « Itti)^ hm of oonmiMmt for tho 4»k^ of «r 
■tiAcnt, otud a more obWou rbetmcAl nniflr«T bi \h% 
faliiMitoiy fiAugM, bol bi MBVfrtial ut^oienia It b 

la Hm elu»c« of a pKfa«aon. Manialav flj^rd iiprm 
Iks law, Hif vru ralM lo the bnr in Kt-I>mjr^\ 182V>, 
bat ire bair (if no diriiU ; iaitl U v jlovtiiu;! if liv cvi^ 
OHMmd Um ihl42«or ltt« jirofoffdon* ^vrtii-t/ fimtlll, 
■In knw lum at tliis tknc. said aftervnuOi ^- '■ f bI- 
ariyf propfaoiicil fau grmmrai fnun tli^ first momrtit 
I aiw )»»), diKn a rvcy vfiim^ ami aitkni^wn nrnn. on 
Um Kortbem CSivuit. TIictw oro no timiti to liii 
lui(r«rboiJ|^ on ■mftIT >.itbjocU as nrll ki g<'ntt : h^ n 
Qta a bool: in bnvcljn," Inilo«i1, ikj4ftjr« and lllvr- 
ittm iiad, fivm tlw fint, atlrartkoii Icki itrox); for 
Irin la ran»l; ami bvfero fi« milvcfvl on liiv jmirlico 
of hb pn>faaiofi, he hiuL br onv nrtirle in a T«r1i;vr, 
puaad at a houiul iii a noiif|Mmi>oi jihin amon^ the 
wriliti </ ilia line. 

It miglu ha»u bwli fTiprtted. from hi* fiinilv rfm- 
atftiiaUt tJtat liv woiiM Iw a ifaloti* vlui* A)i<i aKiIW 
tiwht, ami lu-<( Tint conlribucijii (■» Hiv Eflinhnrgh Rt^ 
oct tho Ribjnti of Wt« Indin Shupry. 1l 
paUkhod io tlio niimUr Inr Jiinitar}', 1^25, nml 
rvivnt of iDrnnnation. force and aoui«vio« oT ftrgii- 
it, Mtvvritj <T dcfnunriftLtoin and nvcvm, vnA ferv^-tf 
•ad LrilUancy cd itjli^ it nmkK high amon^ thi' manr 
Hpfn*n* proditrtioiM in whirh Marjinby hax tvcordird 
ta» larv of frvoiloin and hHtml if oTipn^Mon. nnd rx-. 
UUCad hn pvworof nukiiig lyranDT ridtruliMii in nrf'll 
It la ffttHam that ihw ino^t^ x^ full nf iHe 



KtV 



nioaiurBKAi. mrrcn fir uajcaxjiat 



1 



iMmliAr indu of Us chancier ond ttTle, I'lOulcl 
hkvo hmti ^Mivlly rKognixwt » hk, sfkr bi> vot^ 
i«<|U«0t B/tteius bwl froailutfrnxl tV* puMk wjeK bw 
ovuLtitfr of v;ipra«iiMi. But tbo dato of liU fint con 
IribatioA lo tlw Remw w aijII roinnwiily i^onndcnMl to 
to ibe QUMiOi of Ai%tM« 1826, wlieo hU artido oa 
Miltmi t]>pr*r«dr *>^ *< '^*^ atuinoi a wide fwpu- 
krily. TIhw^ wImu iA IMd. ll>v vxthat c»1li«tod 
liii EmvK hi» dedartd ilui th» vtidtf ^fmrtUy ^on- 
Uincd K |>ftr9{rts|ili tliat hu attiurtd juilfioeia >p* 
provwd,'* juid m^miecl tW W Lid to Wv« U iin- 
jinUHvl oftbo** gmndy uid nngncdnl omtiaant '* whJi 
whicli it wi» ovcrLooitkil. la pop^iUri^ Im lanHTod 

Wliaiener vfctv iU youthfut Iknlli of tKita, import 
thBitnce* nf ttfttontponU «nd arron of theory, few VLilirTi^pi 
ivhirb had «v«r befbrw ap|iPBnd in & Britiih jucimal 
OKitiuiicd BO reiick *ot>rl nulUir in »o compact and 
d>U* a tbra. If ii <^l nni tondU lb* d«p(iii «f l)i« 
^nuiixu tofica tt ao cuDlidcnlly diwiiod^ it ocirtain]/ 
ooDiaiiwd a Miflioont numbrr of firmg and xrikiftg 
ihoiighu lo nvictio itJi liriUianrr ftora iha ^itrp? of 
ip«HIcUii3'. If Um apltfidor of ibi r^Moric wvmrft 
inackiiialjr divCflOod lor rl0i>la3r, tlut drfivt applka m 
lOMMira U Ma^auhyV rhvlooc in ^i-ni^. Ho 
p3|HilariJDea erorjUun^, Ha coiiffCTt a kit «{N]itin!nicnta 
inio acoonqiluhtiMiitVt aitd eonirivA ih^ thmr «^i<^ J 
^aJJ alwijra tqua] tlwir aubuaoc^: bot in UuBeaiayt'^ 
m in ili« "^"^"^ acrica of «fttay« whirh Horcevdad it, a 
king a^ eao kardly bil lo imrdvc bca«lii tKc 
lal glftfin ef liu pcriotl^ Xht p peacgra of tvro 
loalftiaa whjcli ara aovnd and whdoMWo, natncfjr, 
i*mmt tntnwan vMMts and aarawt vntlmUnn- 
ii^ Elio arlJclo oa Uflloot oamo, bi tfaa 



I 



oiOGiunniuL sfinTim m VAC&ttuir 



x« 



;K UcHuw for Friirauy, IBM, tbe moiH}! in whirli 
W ami nllnl M dif W, n p<(f*r on th* Uuid<ui Um-' 
Trmtjr, Tbw wjw AiKT^tfil in M^rvk 1827, by « 
l«>var[~ul ainJ Vff»i|-fi^tuiMie<t. b^a cxtrocdinc^y biiTpr aiuJ 
wtmjb antivkfvrj >rlKla on ilio SnrJaV and Iixlui- 
Ind Ci|ae it wi orN«gni«. Li Judv uf tlif! same yntr, 
■pf^UwJ s pApor, ^jiUntlv written by him, cniitlorl 
"Tliv Pnuent AflnkiKtbtnttuvt/' omf^ of ibn vno«i acri«''J 
•waiMU And Midju?ir«i« iiolitiml nrticlvH vTtfr piililulj«d 
in th* fiilftbtir^ Rcfviibv, Its Umc 11.1:1 so vidlrnl ami 
airol^U:, «nd vxdlod to miicL oppoittiuii, flui, ui tli« 
nccI numbar of lli« Rwbdv, h IJnd uf apr^Jui:}' vtm. 
uflmd Cor It tinder tli« &na of explaining in ml' 
oHwuuC. UiCBulay'fl rc«l noudiig la cvidoni ; h<i 
" BMsni oitfchkf ; " laL in tlio ronABed wntci^cvv of 
Lii iftgloK&t luudly tny mntnin* £1 pnrc^^ptfbli^ ; aiul 
U:*d« u BumcUTiiix UiJIirMU* in \\w v^ry »u[ti'0<itii»i 
O4I X\m ini.-^siin|C uf llie d«ar«dl coicl (iKiit iJpcUivu oT 
wriiET& foaid ho Autuiim by tbo public ho oddrovotd, 
Hill oifiocttUy I7 Uiv Ujrius Fitt iBaikd. 

In «ll odtiiocM of )iu EsMja, the ftdmtnbJc attJcto^ 
on UachiivvJIf, oov of tli« oblosl, noM oZabonu, and 
■Ml tlio«iffliti\i3 pnxtucciiMit of liu mtMl. moceetlt the 
mIgIb on Milton. It wwi luihlishcd in tUn miAb«r of 
tbtt AavWw t^:^ Mvdi, tPf^. Bhw«^(] ISSr7 oiid 1890'' 
qpMuwi tiia &rtidA on Dixdin, Butory, llaJkm'*^ 
OotNtkotmi^ Ui«tury« SoQlbvy'i CoHo^iiMa on So- 
fMty. snJ (]i» llifti« orlk4c« on the Utiliumii Thuory 
«f GwvnuninLl- llwoo proved thg oipttcHy nf Um 
iMtktr ii> doDOw Loiii pi)iitM&l Mid Utotvy ^1 
wUi A boldnun, farillAncy. »bd dltolv»cn« hudly^ 
nunm httatt 'm |ff?noiiit3l liunhiro. &di eaaay iiw* 
ilaJgl on onuuni of ilii^ifixl mid p-t>enilinvl Lnori*^ 
•df trkkJi oftiitbi boiily 1uv<* bucn ^x|Miidi-ti into < 



zvl 



BtOOULTIUCAL fiKETCn OP UACU.iaT- 



I 



Tpdoni^B Imt nJikh, in iu ^catknMd C^jna null tpuUtiif 
poritivvnctf of exj^rvuiufi, w«i all iht? pi^rv eA:itfMU 
To liw W^i^ j^arty ta «t-U ** to Uw Whig lUvietft 
loeli an kllj had clftiuw wbkh cuuld niH Ut diif«- 
gftnk^; a;^ in IK^O, tJinm^ tlw iulerart uT Lurd 
Luutlowau, li« wu dvGBixJ a lauiabor of rarlauKrjii 
Gar ibc hoiroUf:!i oF Caluc £IU rvpulaiiu^ yns H vi*U 
f«lablLsLieil tW no Uca of |ttlrana|(o cnHrnul bito ibk 
anan^lCODKint ; aztd li« couM JitWwancU b(«4U willi 
Irtinias {JTido, lliut he yioa ai iiwlop«:Ttilcnt wlicn lie u1 

^lun iw nrjinM^alol ibu |Ki|fiUar i^mvUtumcica iiT ■ 
Lfiod* and ]C4IitUur^u 

Aj au unUJuf, Li} wufi a ri^fnUiLU'jii MCutkd oiiijr to lua 
rejiuiatiun aj k ttias qS \tiiicn. I^oiu ail awoiuiaa ht 
o»43t] liuifi li> Ji£i m:uiuiTr of ii| asking. '^ilkWul," 
«r« tan i«J(I, '* ^09 ^i »liir vii Kb ftiiovUcn, aiul hb 
fec4 iroti [iliUiU'il iniuiwaUa i/u tJie iLoor* i>iiit liand 
wa» fixifll bvliuid biiu acrcM lai* iudu and in dii» rtKul 
aliiiudi-, with only a ilij^ aiovtaiieiil uf hi« ritflii 
tiatid. UpoiT ' I (i-. viib tncoBCfiAToUoTtlovity, bin 
couoncofl." i: ... i Bji^^di ivaa on tlio J«i»V !)»- 
aUiiU(> Uill, 141 tlie tilUi «f Ai^ril, 1&&0, CUIovtJ hi 
UrcciuLtfT br iinn' < i ry intba West Ii-mIu^ Itiitt 

•rioi^ li^i* tiniii>i I tbe aut^tnaji « well » iW 

gorx'/vQi warmth of tbo rdbi-mor, llo ihtv* hanuvlf 
witb clunLctoriitic atdur luUi Uio p«a£ stfiicf*l« fov 
l*Mlun*^uiaijr UvHjtia, uid hia apwdioi mt that iimm i 
ttOt noC Wily draw forth uiiliuuiuiud a]i|i4aDV ft«*B hii 
|Brty BjuJ iinwilliiii; adiikU«4iou Crom hia cpfHritnia, 
bui« aA mad uuw, ufUr tJm ajtdtvBant of Um ooouitm 
ia» 9Ub» LemI, JBHJfy in a pVAl dugrm tba eatkuMaati^ J 
ttaije iif thu^ wuo livaid ikeu <h-bv«ffed. Cl«ar vhI -^ 
kO^cal iu ajiaojcmcnlt abaaiiaiU in prvctxktito acid 



i 



J 



nogiunnuu. B&erju or iucaulait. xvn 

iigi ti li«rIiMft En Ume, and nniizigtcd m m^\ vnent, 

ljM]r art pofUcalftrly narked bv :haL futtp^ o^ in'^Ui- 
fMCn dttJ Miuibvliijr whirb mNlcEa fuivnn inlfJltf^enl 
Ipj riM>i n iifip*m<mhd. TIib riuih o^ iW doc.miutiiMi 
li kept ^ivfuNy within itiv rbamieUof tifcr vifunioxt i 
iki^ 3DaTini:« liirooAb ilx wiy pntijtrtt by vrtiivb Um^ 
livlltt- 'VhvtTtiyla m ih»i vf i||)Jut;0Ji1 utiii ankiuii^^ 
eottf ewaiiwi ; iJio^U carefully [irvmixiitatod tiwy b«ro 
ih* a|ipcvaacB «^ l>B>>g: «iniitBneoti» ; vi^ imlccJ vr(?ro 
Ml, «i b coHMiotily AipfKMd. uorigiittijy irnitvn 'Ml 
iad ewnwirtcd tA munuiry. but diongbt out Anil ivini> 
Miltwl to IP W Pn gy - Wilbniii writing m Monl, )ii« cx>*l]>I 
^n|«i« an )iottr'« •pwcb, in ln» muni, csrrfnily uEteiui* 
iqg«Tvn lo tbeMi>«t iiuiiiitereticilMvolctfjrcuLion.iiiiiJ 
ibw d<ilj¥«^ It Wich m mpiditT mi gn^t Uiu nu np]iw:t«qr 
CuoAd feUuw lii», Tbo uffix:! co Uiu Bixifc uf thorn 
dflcUmcd dbqnittiuiM cm pcrhoftt be best ctiimftwd 
Igr qBotin j n |i«nB^ frooi oim of hU |»otiUcil v|vpo- 
IMBU* wIkb pen, io ^c b«Bt of Return, wm tmn^ 
■traiiiftf b^ Any cf ihn profirirtM nf cuntmi'Any, tft 
dw muolwr of tb« Jtfti^fM ^JudrocupM*. Tor AuiciuU 
Z^l^ Maaukfty b unrated at lu • fcrucm wbum it it 
lfc« fribtoo mf&aujg n mmJI coinia to uaU " tiiu Btirktt 
if ihdiflp*." Ailvrodmit'iiifr bin to bv*'tbr<4ovi!reea 
fcrlMSmir cm the Wliig udc of xhfi IIoiuk," the «> 
Mnt U>ui pfooffxld: " H(v « an of^iyt CTiV0-Tii«d(> 
^y-lbotLnl, tbnpdon little iiumipliii>[ of a fellow, with 
• VMturtJcH btctf^ boo — «xco|4 imiMii a jenod RiqwMTC 
fnkoMl ^rfdek, ixtHtaAirai, Mu^ly hair, Ut^ fZ^i<iH 
■MTtng •pjTM^tiid ■ jiKittih Erocn «Kr to car> U<3 liku 
A Ivp and burfi monovu-, u«d ifunks Uuckly %xnl 
bskil^ fiir wtml nunnfM bv&iro b« ^eu int^ tbf 
flf Ui iKiDOvnc s but after dut nuthin^ can be 
dnir'T^fl ifatQ Ids wbiilc esu^cutkip. What Im 



1 



MjB to MbflUntifllly, of cDsnet miff and noiiMnMi 
il 11 M wdt-wcinlrd, und » vohiblj- and fectnUir do. 
livcniJ — . vltfTO ia micfa An «mllcv lOting of epigrur 
toci AiitilheiB — ludi b fl«tKirif> or <^ilWt« — uttcti an _ 
HxmnuiAtu^n of imigu — ami tbc *ai(V ■ to Imjuptrl- | 
like, untt titu at'l^on io gTvu«i|«d/ «uiph94ic, that y^a 
su^t bw fl pin Arop in Uio UiniA». Brw Afuiaan _ 

8ullOJI hiniMir llAtCElM.*' ^ 

Id tlia RaToriutd ParliuiKBt* which nM n Janav^t 
IfiSS, Mflcnuky cuok tiix uili u manW Ibf LmJil 
iK-! WKK Hton ttfict nuulf 8cf?rvtary of Uu: Unttrd of 
ConUvL An fo^ucwt «/ lib rf^taUtioii, bn did Dctc 
»l>aak oOun. Iml nncrvvd lumcvlf &r Ubow oMukins 
wk«Ji bo couM njtoikk witii «fll'i!t. Thrai^iofil bo pair> 
luurMfUu^- cartv l«v tbowud uu iucliivtioD %o nai^a 
ro ttUirtly coctMnparanooiu dcbftle, ihcofb itaeoau dif- 
ficult 10 caacnvp iJiat a man d mch in toHn c fa iid liArdi- 
boud aa w»U aa intuUHiBal oai^aaty, ai»d wlio In 
oanvaralian waa ona <J Uie imM fliifnt and vri-ll<in> 
CbitnAd of linman bvinf>n, laritod tba \tawrr of Ihinkuig 
on lia J«f;*> ll >■ prolmblo ilal ]io dialikcd tbe dnvlf^r^ 
uf pirvTlicil fHiUlacal £&. umI wa4 incAjiaUc cf the con* 
tiniaouc ]>Mty (UMion wiikb Mouiiie Uw jmrfiwtona] 
pvlUkuMu An nnlem Wbig paitiaan, hii ^vtiaaiidbiii 
waa tfll rMuod by the priBdpJea of U* |n»^X mbcr 
than b^ in erpacfionift. Utanluro and iba pluka»- 
[A^y tt( iMlldra Had oran Butfination far bam iLa ib« 
coitlciitionfl iff tlie lleiiiM of Commom; and ba baa 
r^Mairdly «ipn«Avd cuntnapC Cor tJia aophniBA and 
lDia«1alan«nla wbicb, thomali tbcj wiU no* bear llta 
t4»t of careful p««Nal, |«k in iba Kowa lor bcti 
Ubd aniruiiMnu whva whiUjr daHrawd m aacit«d da- 
aalLs Indwd. (ran IHSO to 1884. tha puriod wbcn ba 
vaa wuat ambitximi for |>oHtical ditftnciM and pr^a^ 




BIDdRAtmCJhL MUrrCS or HACdrrUT. xli 

tr-ht i>:* i-imtnhati'tti tn th4 Bihnbnrgli R^ivn imE- 

uhj Uti'uii'itc to Ktumtitrv » lio did bt^^rir he becatnf^ • 
MRnb:r. To ibi* iHrripd bdo&^ hli arUcli^ on Svid- 
4Uitr\ L«w of Popi^duE), Buny«m Byron, lUmptlpti, 
fionl Bvrlci^lu Miniibftto, Ilorftrr Wfttpolr, ihi- fMvt 
1^ CnJtrr'A Pditlon <^ h<nwA\\^ U£v of Ji^hruon, 
tbe Civil Duibi&tiM vf the JewK, and fbv W»r of (]>«' 
fiaa^BWn in S|Aia. ():i1y on« of Ititt speccbts cm 
primjM con>[«ro villi tbv b«^ of tli«M ttrticfct tD 
iiiii:b of ihouglu uid knowMgt, and Ticlmoes <£ djo- 
tipB. Xl»i wm tho fpoech whl^li be ^ivt-rvfl as Soe- 
nUi^F of dw BoAcd of Cantr^J. in Anly \^Z, on Iho 
IiuUa Bill of tki Whiff i-overnmoiil. Few per- 
mcT* m the l^ouie; \mI JeflTfty, irho w«s in L«n* 
livit irn>t« to oac of bU co<tv(pon<!4TiJi« in regstti (o 
it: — " U«c i>i a aiw«4]£vitt }M>rran, Hc< Qioiife tlia 
<<n' bvt fpveoh UiAt liw been nude tbis Kmion cin In- 
ik, Tktr SfHnkcr, who It ft ftn^i^ J^til^'i ^tu ^o 
rviher thmkj it tbt b«t spevcb bt e\-vr hmrd." 

ffioce Uifl ttm« of EiuV^, no ffpnneli Hi Pftrljjtmcnl on 
tkn Mlij«ct of fiidu b>»l CjiiHUeil tbis in comjirv^iutt- 
■?«naai of Uii>ti|clic aikl knowli^dgv. li juMiA»d Lb 
■)>puixitmont, mndu » bv nkonliia ijiiau of member and 
lagftl adviHtf of tbo Su.pftmi3 CouncH uf Ittduu SbiviU '^ 
is A mocking defence of Mncanlfty rroto Oi^ mrrrn cf 
Use fK^MMi wbn i^tKMiionod his ahJIfiJM^ thn* nTlodi^d 
hi tbianppobitiiiiUti^***KDCix:n«,nrl Dnn'lKtl^mjil J 
kt Twn duwn MaojuiIaj. H**i tl"p p1mvt<w( nnn in 
'^hrifb-ndocn, tljdiri h^ niMk« fiir ■i(«f<««b(4 oo tlie 
Bdbvm Bill, trid«trt XIQ.OOO ftjArr 11imknfth«t, 
tnd be duubP' I'bo lu-gv^iMoT tlio mUij. ikoH^ 
rwiec tbst ef ibo Prwident of ihu Cniie4 Sui'ts, WH 
mUifr MflfnuUy** jkrinri^iat indoctfmcnl *q mtxept 



d 




ex ftioaiunacaL J!Kjm;ii w MjJMrtAT. 

'Ji0 oAoe. Hb iii««ii» «ore Miall ; tho punt of 
ofEc* vouM bi ft fuw yetn n«kie Kini iadcpHMlfnt nf 
thv vorld i »TiiJ ikoi^ ha acoitMd, in fta^qHm^ it, lo 
Btaodgn tbi: <kbjtx:Uvf lui f>c>lilir<l AinlritiMii, 1m rrallj 

uMlv(>vii(iv;LC<j nciukl ral>0Vv him Croca vU iipi l iikm ^ 
of liomx ft puliUcoJ ndrtfitixrvr ; uiiil h* liu^i l-Y««7' 
tOMiM to HUfil^oaw llut bo might reacii, in KngUi^U 
lli|{;]i folilkftl oficfi ull iba n»otV auruljr If k «L-ra iw 
dunhtuod ibat llie L-molunietit* «f \dfjb polUiail aAce 
WL-rt; not tlie |>cntnary oljvCl* of bin vnbation. Apart 
from Buch coi»«i(kmiu«u tu ibtw, tlitfn» ww Mnn«tihin||^ 
Id I1u# ItTiBi uf h«« ftpfMiuUiK^t oiniiK-ir.ly niciilftlaj i 
tu iiuIuo«» bin lu wxi^t it. Hiw 8|>«ciiil (ib}«ct <£ Iw 
viitfion wfts Ut prL-pciM ft orv code at Imliao Uw i vtd ' 
k iaa^KjmihU ta Pttd \m tnirlu on tin UlilitttHin 
of Oovt^nmem, Mid DumiKit'« RMraDtrrttoiu 
of Muabcsa, witliMit |«tic«iviog tliftt bo bad tfadkd 
J^tvpcudnRco ft» tt sciuuov uid tJiat bo «eniidciTd tbw' 
lowiocv of tlw jurUt ■« viTftD nipcnoir to thai of tb« 
raiiMMUL Hu w«nl to ludk ui 1884, wiib lli« feci 
Eng tJuit lu; vould pwpaitf ft codu st once prftrtical and > 
JDU. Fur &ur ^-oftn be Uborvd Ui v^lvc tlm |>TiiUum, 
a^4 llio dcc]>kiit or Jui coiuMfTtiwfi aiipcAtrd to bi>< 
ihftl, tJbougli \t^ aolQtioQ ittifthl be jnit, it wu not i>fft<y 1 
lical. la tbe ffpuikm, «»|A-cUL)Ey of tliuc Lla^l JiuJian* > 
wliQW iiil«n^l« UtiTv hETec-lnl bv ila ju^«, it ««* fti 
>* Block Codt!^" Whni itwii> publubeiJ^DO hk rvCanil 
from IfijEft in l^^S^t it was nt«mloMJy denounct^d vtd 
ridkuM* AUrwda pniphwiud ibftU V adofiMd* il 
wralil Jftftd lo tlio iiL>vrAbli of tbo Bnddi pow in Im' 
4ift- Witt cfttctikttdt iriib mftlicicjua ftocurtcyt tbt 
nmlwr oT jpiciMfti wbich tmck woml cott Ibo Brkkh 
fno^ Ik^wcafi alftnnifU and wiia Ibo whole jttt^ocf 







■OOtii&AJ'llKAL 6KSIi;U U^ VACAULAT. 



XXI 



Ul iluwi^ Tben was a gcncnl impmBioft thftL tW 
tfoJe wmM noA work, wd, vlul«i iu ability irAa ^aaiu 
ledi tu ptvtinUUty vsb denied. 
Duruin hM absence ki India ^nly t«o of boi «jtidw, 

fa KogEud in liJ88»U)d ibo ^in^i^ oo JJan^n, wcrd 
ftthlkbf^ ia liio Kdiabur^lB R«vi*w. Tlw vkcicli of 
fianai*« life »mi pldloMphy a onl^ uf the ato<t vhbix 
nte, tn^miiMU uid tirillknt prndiiiri* ot hU mmd, hat 
it i» fUt of flrxtr»v)i||p.nt artfT?iUti.'u>«tA, ll Idoj^- 
fhy mod cnckiaau in ■ aerm of dnxxlinic «pif[miifi ; ilie 
UA4>(i;or»IVril tiC vp'tffnin UkiaU Uitli (Jnt jitTtiuiit of 

lUc^n'd lifo juid tb* vaUimti: of Bttco<rti ]iliiiijiio|>bj ; 
Knit ibif ckftnn uf lliff it^o u to gnat thai, for & Ujvig 
tiue ^-(.-t uy cucius It will ijroldb])- iiifliiuuce tha opiuai 
v^ikli eren educated Dien iovm of B*caik. thoi^ to 
tkMi^iUal Mntnlft nf tiirt ago of OiuKHh and inoifw, 
«»4 tu tboufilUial itwitnito <if thv hikCurj of ftrtenU^ 
w^ inrUfibjncal ipccubukm, it mny Mi^m n« buocunte 
in LU dufObitiufl of beta ka it is iuprTrti»] ( 11 pllilovofiliy. 
SoM lAvr bi4 Tvlom trum ludiftgio Junv, 18:t^ 
Maflwhy vu ofovd ilw dBc<} of Jodgt Advoottih 
^Aflk h* dodiiMxL In 16ft9 the «b^ cjif Edinbnrgb 
tufunl kioi to offtr hinttnlf » ft cjmdidAte fbr tJio rq»> 
nilfililliin of ll^iJ cily in ParlijtttK'iil. In * pnvnr^ 
Iftttir lo Adun Bbi:k, he f^i? tjie muura nh^t >f 
■ketod, U>g pMiliua woaid be a^mwiUt to liiia.^'*! 
dfriuld," Ue wroto. '*\teMt>Xoi^ |xtft In poditk^M 
IB iftdpiHiidoai Mfvbv of Pu-linnvnt, vith tliu 
ll And MULortcf «llkli Ivloogt to t Bun whn 
10 the tkaift*! of a fQrt4t And inu^llij^'Vit liodjr of 
f«0«4ta«nl9. 1 U>u^iU, during Iwlf t!^- yr«-*. bo ml k4ft> 
«r* for iMJjet imryoitii towbicti 1 Mttt larnr inrliivd, and 
fcr mkiiA I un |)arlap» better lilted ; and I tdioutd b« 



nil BfooEAnncu. uxrai cf hiohjiat. 

Mil t^ racnplout on lalfliMirft lilprftiy vrorlc wliklt t 

to »ccc|)t ufficw uQtW tku |(QVL-rtivi-iit be itilcntJtHl to H 
lupport, <iii dio fmiind tbM liu dii^Iikor) Ujc r^vtntii^lt of i 
ottwl lift. '* 1 love," he «*y«, " liv^luin, ^i^uns ftnd 
tcfttcrk Solofj m iw obji.'Cl <<i lui^ Ibr mv iitroBM, 
Iboiigb nuJU ii «'alttci'-m for n imn wlbo lin^ no o«t«fr 
^lAlottA iMtea." Id rej^aril ta \)tv 4>«|f«K«8 of ll]« «Im> 
tkn, he xnAkoi tmc t^mdition whkh mftj *nq>TW Umma 
AfiMrican iv»^l«nt, w]\a soppo^e iJut nfwo but F.Tif;iit}i 
politxmiu who an} oorrupti pay muTit'T io ^vi into Pu^ 
Iwoont. "1 caomot," )io Mys *" ^jivod nor* than 
X£(K> ao tKe flUctlon. IC ihcrafure, tl)«r« W anj 
|in4ubilitT UuU tbo cnndiJate will bo required to pay 
nwco tlifla thkt 1 1io|>c you wfEI l«>Ii romtd for uic^bft 
penott/' Ob ibe 21^ of AUy, l^D. tie mailo a < 
^lODcli to tbe electoan, wUcb for flramaB awl jnm^ H 
piwy of jttAt^incDt and argamiKai ii % mofkl fi^r all ^ 
•mlun wbit urp calli-cl tipon to MlilrvH a popntar audW 
fmcO' II w» probably tbU tp««ch wbicfa dnw forth 
thft uBiBUailknal cmnjilimait Amn th« KiiiDbvvgb arti- 
•UI4 tliBt ho Uion^t he rould harv niaile It UmadH 
'* On I U wu a wiso-tiko njiccdi, an' no that ddvMhttnl 
in airgitBiant; bof, ohi vnon** — with a ]iaaM of in- 
t«i>» diwppoiniinmt-*** Tin tbintin' I rauld ha,' mid 
Uialtaill o' iim^MTI" 

AfUv auuM Intfffidvnt rwlicvl oppotilion, Ikfanuilay, 
00 tbo fiMitb of June, wax doclaroJ duly dcctoiL In 
S«pCaaiW ^ ib« mbw yoar bo wm iidi*?«d 10 Mvafrt 
ikm uttoe of Seovtaij at War, in Lont UvTbtmma'a 
B^nmutntian. In 1S41, vbon Sir ftobort Vt^A 'suam 
fanlo power, Iw wi^ni Into oppOHiEion, and lOBio of }m 
aUOAf npercbd wirro nudo donn^ tbe fire yean tha 
boriaa won i^ offico. In 1&42, b» " Layi cf Anfienl 



I 



BMOOMuautcjkL mtxnm of lucin^T 



xxm 



w«re pnliliaWil, acd a.lt«jn^ Ji vide pop^ 
itfity. in ]K43 he publuhcd a colEp(fdii>n od Wa H*- 
njm, cwLUibulcd U> ljj« Eiliiibur^li Rrvjuw, inclaibng 
|J>« MOiAcfly bvLigrephie* uf Tvusple, Clivfi, lln^tiiigi, 
Frc«l«cto Urn Gfnt, oihI Add-on, aod Uio papcn oo 
Cbarch moA Sute, B^nJEo^a HlaUK^ oi the Fop«ft. and 
Ibo Cocaic DmuiAiiftA of ilie RfsiamtioQ, wctn«ft 
MOCtf bii reuirn from IoiIm. Fn Ju]_v, IMiSj on l1k« 
ntem of tJt« Wlttgt U> |x>w«r, lie u-a< itatie i'ftjr- 

Bft>lBM3eaet^ of tfac FcnTrctf. lliaugh hU «poecit 
•xkd rota u«t Kh« UajudoIIi Co^lv^ Bill, iii 1^:^, 
lad rwsod a Bonvoft of;|Nml>an to kim AinorLg tbv ili»- 
•Mti^ of iMfinburgh* bo -mam «tiU fDmiKlwl lo PaT- 
luneni, thuo^ nol without a Auvcns stniigtl^ on hn 
■eetfitittM «r ofice. In 184T PiulUnaimt vrtu dii^ 
•ofmL Bj thU titnn hU odkkMa i^iiua the theolog;!*- 
t$l ofAofai u of lus cijaUitarfMa had tMWix incivaivd by 
kb ■ Mpp ort uf wlul Utvy cnJIud Uiu ij ttvni of *' godlw 
tflocatiofi/* wkich lliu {^v«rnini>Dt to wydi li« b^ 
kngcil Wl patnwiuei-<L Tb« pallkiii* and vpirit dniLl- 
«» «f tW dty wore aUo in QMiiuiior witli th« WUg 
gi>r«ninD0Qi« on Mcount of the ooniimianEw of -* amdm 
urtiMliimi in r^^rd to tl'-ar licetxH." Kmm i)m 
ffitir iiT tW mob Uial jclkd and hcMrd rcumd |]l« buV 
ta^, thtfra would hare stfoiiwd to be i») ^' luiduv n^ 
tfrietM " 0*1 ibe di«p«B] of apiriCuau tiffuaci lo vtxrj 
UM fllettion- Aikoi Black siun vp tbe oppoatton to 
Ibrntky u cooilflUo^ *j( "ihe nv-pf^fwry men, tin; 
poJ1» adinwifw nu0k. tJbv crotdipQr cvtvrin, vmI tIm 
dtAJfn ia ^'ntfl.** To aU tbcM Macaul&y «aa Uiuii 
and uncoacilkJnii^, «lrad^ in Uie Ivvlin^ Uiol be hmd 
nriinJ tiif^ir bairad by arts which liU nxMcii-nei 
pninij<lciJ tad bin nntua ajifinv'^d. ftt* itouM nnt n^ 
vni a Bi^fio apnniui, ihikIi Uw a ungk opmiun. 



» Tbo bmjr of Exvtor HbU." s pbnm in bis MijnooU 
^)eccli [^rticalftrlv utciodiMu to tlic dittelitrn, h« 
trtmli Mkt take imck, wkd it vrva tind A^nil hbn with 
|[r(«t «»0rici. A Mr. Oimn, a nun of no Jtatu^ wm 

dotetaunod to aioctify Ui prido m ncil u dcpHro hua 
•f bit MaL Uia y eliyi from iIm l;u«liit^'« won con- 
ttmully iotctruptod bj • nob wbo, iofwMcd by hnmk" 
iami or whiikcy, roecaTol hu •uteaDoni:^ wilh inmils, 
intl ftjiffwcrod liid u-gdnuBb k^ Je^-fv. ''If," «x- 
daiiBtii MacauIaj in Mie «J' iui apccc^hm, **yi(»r rrpn>- 
wnlAhv^ W A» Uinnl mftn " — "Ajrl Iml br'« nik 
thii ' '' wu > cnr lliat Gun« btck frtm Lho crovriL To 
uituTTupdoiu mod lo iwulu, bovifrvr^ ho protcillod ft 
bull! franti and mM uutt«j;v trUh dtfiuo^ Un would 
aoC condtvoend to Itamar m the htii i g M the |)Kf» 
dic«B bo hwi odoEulod in rflrliunont, but mArmd 
tiis Ofnnkma in iho lawt [HMnltvL 4nd oxfUcit kn^vag^ 
Qua of hat AffE^tnmtti wu thtt. ia rojonrd to tbn Ma^ 
QQuUi pr«nt, no (iniMpln wiu ioTolr^d. A 4Jam bad 
tlwa^ bMsi 7i«H« voted lo lopport that Uoomu) Calt^ 
*Uc Coll«ire ; xkw only rftow of oxnpluDt agwnn \ma 
vafl tiial In' hud «pukcii and vi3<ad for an additiocia] 
aam. Uu wa» UKv^uar^ ofipcacd, not on a praci|kle* 
Wt oa a qnibbio. **And,'' 1m Axdaload, **\f jm 
vranl a rrTirAacntaiiv« who will peril the pnoa of the 
ttiipirc for a aooTD ([uibfalo, tkat tcprOHnlatiTO 1 irill 

He w«« defiaalodf and aftvr it waa knowa that ko waa 
iiAatod, tn waa Ucivd. In his ipMda t9 Uw crowd, 
■uiomoiiv llAt ku putitical c«iinectioo wttli Edin- 
bor^ WM dtaiolvoj furcuvr, 1ii? nlhidf^J to ibit Um 
tjrannnattoa u ni>|iM«tdanioii in poi^iti^ wvUrt^ 
Fo huA a difotttl aaiidukto, ha nsuiidod tbfvn, waa 



I 



J 



hdow tfes ordmrj naguJiiiwtT ^t the mo$t fiwdov 
«oU In hti fiuviT«ll ftddtMi to the clorr^n, wnttMO) 
ifttr In tud rrhim^ to London, he bdicaUij thau ta 
m hoMtt, Iui[icrrab1v, Mad pauioiic stAttuman, thffn 
tt^tt be toilA coRKilfttionii, rvca In fvnmn*) priHvs is 
iAm rirmnutAnM* of kfi ddV«t. " 1 Bid! KlKayi U 
pnwJ," he wnt«>, '^to think ihml I oHiCq uijojol yam 
6f or. bat pouut ma to n]r I alidl mn<CQb<ir, uot lutt 
fvottlljr, huw I ifak«d aod hov 1 lott ic'* The follow* 
mg nobld pD«a], pidtltfhtfl mMfi bU dcAth, contiim, 
piffcipii ihio tooft MtflMntie record of lua fbdmga cp 
AayecMiotti 



UKfiS A-BlTTra CI AUGUST. Ml. 

Ita dflj «/ tannll, «lrifc, 4«fiMt, «iu o^fr ; 

Wvtt Ml ttfiCb toil Md ariw aud Mwm Md iflMfl 
ld«mh«>ei,Mdkii<dibcf inroocft ttpfo 

A nam IB ■» <U yaiMM^ kvg^vMn^ 

fliM nam, t«rt>Biif^ <i» ainiiM4 frna tb* lifMf 
YtftikramtiibacaniiMAoMd^iDPon'ioald rar 

IM fcrt Kdi ilMp, u ialkol lij 



M* fidund on ^ bMrib t^ djh^ $mm, 

ADd «U mi Attt ia Am noinu hilk 
BmvlwibriMOM iIhiWw u^^viiul nuiw 
7W Bomor of Uie OtflWil v«jj^lalL 

A«Alo1 ll»0Hi7^BNiH «to ful« dur Ufl^ 

Unm v^ to i^Mk Ibn »«-boni b«A]r% daoai 
WiA mM»* ^tp, «Ueb l«ft D» mot QB ««nk 

iTnBCtMHl AV OHD*. Md VHUnI VM giMM 

Mm MfWtf « tht bo; a |luM 10 «oai, 
6—T*i»wlMbylh<air|iMi<bi>™<f Qmi; 

Mm* MrulUl MflL tb* Qmv «f l^iUa puiad. 
W4M Mildly fill ^ HMT of mM daOdft 



UVl 



moaKApnicuL ftsirmr or uacavlax 



h 



TW Qufirn 4f P«<i>f« liwil high btr jti»Ilf«l t4«d. 
And o'tr livr •faoukb* ihrnr h ^rtiiifiiL frv#T) : 

TIm Queen *d Howoft on tbt tuUof aUJ 

g<aii:« DDv ^nj mm Im at tnm W fn^pitrii iro*« 

A»d itSI ^ licit* ««w3b rvmofMAl «&UiNl| 

BdI, vlvn tlnv mrvanl aprilM Imd f ^d flvaj, 

Cmm On«, fba iMt, th* mi|fitk4i. tJtd the btti. 

Oh. ^dvIdq* UAf, vi'% i)w v}M of liitbt 
AaJ Ibw1» cloMfricif roiiml Ufj lotiy hn^ 

W«rtilLDg * tf»U!i arBAgc Kmio, vli« wut tkM f 

■* Y«k 4irfiTi J ; M tbmi (fo;" ■> rso tb« «ir«in r 

■• Ym i Ifit Uwui ^ 1*11. l^ablira, plMwiv, pn*at, 
Aail kU tilt butf c1t« tu vbov <l«a^ 

•■ Without mt tnrkm ifgta. Ac HJiiiifflii vtlwtt*. 

Ujiiv b Hi* ovU «f IboBKbl, lb* P<arU oT lirm^ 
Hine 4II IIa pwi. andJil tbc faMn Min^ 

■■ Fomnc, ihac b^i m tftmt ite nigUr l9V| 
Aki^ Ik^ AD p«iiant« tonf ft* JO71 ijT joalh, 

Tim iflnM of l»uif «ii<) tkt i&ini of inik 

>* lif Lbs an tBA|lwE4n«J vb> thu* nj kwi^ 
I, hn iby n^lal lUr. pr<oiKaiK4 lb«« ftMi 

Aw), if fbr «IND« 1 hNp ft «nbltr fJ«e«, 
I kotp fbr boo* 4 '■PP^ ^^B" ^ *^*"^ 

Of ili ay hownri— |pTti<ytt> pMtifc<, 
Of mi If rf I «i li^ri hanllBrii ilna, 
JU4 «Wt «• M «r ^^ fOv«Fb, IUU«4 

« T» fl»K llwtth 4p<P Av lai«, Ibi^ «%!• A«r 

■rt Um. llraittifMd Md •«4t |««1h wd Umm, 
Will MC Om low n «ir BjndT >kM r 



VOQftAmUUl. BKSTOt OF HACAUUhT. i&vd 



•X«l Ikn «lt Vireao viihoatcodiaf tore: 
Ami t ttill tmSM all tbml lat* njqiy, 

■ For «7< visa BQUfn n\ wd f»^ ifaall b^ 
Tb* ww-iliaAaf pbM ^fooH tw^li I vmt, 
BcifUat Md y W Mt likCA, vhcD mrj tr*« 



On A br Aortt J i Ba ge U J nh ii«ii(3«r hfin J, 
TVoi^b oMNtfb ^ ptK Um k|Btf]ikB b*d of U^ 

* I T<n%hl til* mm «dJ bnre <jf ma^iifnai d^ji 
To Qbasr lb c^Cj nhnv tUkifi^ pined iloue ^ 
li^ilaJ BliteMt^ i&afkiiite «itS iL^i Uum 
Of lb« bi^ nokt ibM pard #m cinra^J 1I1P011& 

^ And «Tf» «»i iDj ddl J, ^t « wtj f^ mnn 

TiAl thai iM lUn 4J«« itiditUil Trcl Qic 01^ 

WlnVft » dMUtfdf Uui ud mdiwi Unrv, 
Hy — AiiwoWBlJd > i mi i, <pQO g nlnd flyj 

Atv^ Ibjr t«r, lk« sbnl of trtompk rue ; 
Vgr «*«», i* ^UM drwri^^iMBii. thy biMK 
Svidb a lb* «inMar aund of noun'^ pTva. 

^ ffo I «h4A A tviloB iifibt davpf cLKflMS morrova 

IWoft^lMilL tidftA|«r.Kiiicav«am«i 
!■ ovSctp oUffvy, vur. tiiilr, i^iim; 

*TVihf^«b«a>ca«Ma1vfi«Ant Ibn •nnw-li'iTdi 
VWf* Muee-tfarMiflli bavons dd«di. ou atkly 



WUta wNl bUl< iMU mBmc ib« Wimliiv gl«n I 
Birhl riitll vtnd by nuy A dpT^ l>ir * 




A 



A 



" ^no mnti «Imi frinocki Innv pfkin, hhm Uvlon ^ 
For u^th, pvMft froedom. vaivj'. dona doiy 

•■ AnrdM ihv din of lU diing* f^IUird *i^ 

UiU'i >«U ftnil tnrf*$ h'u* Liid foll^'n br«j, 
ILoDBmbtr nw; ud viltk 40 uaAirHd -iuIW 

8m riahm^ htiMu, tMOnn. pui t-^w^- 

*' To r iho/ wffl p«a tvay ; oar rhoD it «rug* ; 
Vm/j eaua *tt4 go^ A* ottttoi >nd jou the tM i 

Fls iby Ann gu« on TutD« uid (to ixw»* 

He Doir d0voi«d ht» iIeq« to a work lie IiaJ 
[ncdiut«d« and lor vrhkh be had not only collected m 
coiittduvU* porliuii of th« iuAioiiAJ«, but liftd probablj 
writM) Bumu jjoriiun uf liie text, — ilie HUior}' of Ei^^ 
land, from tho Accewou of Jomu II. The fint two 
rgltnnn of tbia won publisLul in xhe ftutunui of 1^8, 
utd gAve hjm • litcnry rt^pulAliun lor bf*j\>zi4 wlutt lie 
IjaJ funiitm^ by hu KufltoncAl cujiyx. Tlw bciok wm 
aa l>Q]niW lu An/ uf ScuU • ur Dickoiu'A nor*!*, wUb 
iti Mlid meritt «ir rcvctttch nod BmmltmiMH] plkc«d it 
UDong di^gtiMt bUtoncaJ work* of Umi cmliuy. In 
dmdaliuo, Wripa in EitglanJ, wtt ioumnm tn l)i« 
tJtutcd StAtoi; uid in oroiy pattkm of the world 
«f]itn> fin^Ui lil«ilH0» b «Bto«aMd. il wu vidoly 
itndf ciibtf ia the erigiiii] t£it or in canliilty 
IriMUtMJia. 

In 1862| t})e city of Bilinbarulit dnirxni* tf 
Uii; injwtico it hwl docw 1<^ Moi^uUr in ltS4T, cl«c 
turn iu rt|irtuBULiv« witLuut liii apfHtutiig u ft 
iki6, Bfl MNpced iJm cmtt tboi^ kit bnllb h*d 
iMigQik 10 &3, w>d bt WM abvtdj vuilMl widi tho 



A 





L 



^p u p M w M of tlio dbMM wtikh cTctitwlTjr otusf*^ hoi 
4nik Bfl vroce to Adam BEar>, in Angiut, la^S, 

hniiffL im A d'-nutgMnirnt of itie cjn^tibition, >nd ui tiiv 
mf feeUn4 of the livftrt^ Uo wmi uiuiUq to fwribnu 
b parUaamiUrT' dotiijv to la* otm nlir^t rtiun fhm tb* 
im, u»3 r«pc^«U7 lupren^d 1im ilvcirv to re«^. 
Be WIS witUteld &^bi «c doing b/ tJus oMnrftnecs lif^ 
W erfrtd frtnn EdinLargli that hu comtitt^cab m-ie 
mUM wiili b^ pviid AXtrmdancv on the thiCiM of lii» 
|«iL At lenf[Ui, in JwiiiAjy, L856» he bcrflmc awarfi 
rf hw »K«|*dlj to wnre »rty longer wittiont »<"r--m« 
p^Bdice to hk h«allli, and resigned \m tc^L IiIkui- 
vbik, two more volooMa of hii Hbtory hmd b««n coin- 
flMad and publKlwd, vviociDg that tbe *!Qer^ <ii hU 
i^rf -WA not p.fie«ted br ibu ill^ of litJ bodv. He 
ftlio }imd deroted «o«o time to pn-poring a mIonM of 
Ui qsMcliM Ibr tbo firaA, Mod jfuUifhM thfvn Cn 1^. 
In tftfiT* w ith oB t any «k&dt<itiD» on hi* p«rt, fti>d an- 
iMjr to bin owo mirprvA, hr vriu Wj'vntnd tn iho peirr- 
agVh Tbc«|^ U mn kiio«a tiijit Kn hfttlth wasi iafirm, 
Aktv w«ft no M(i|!rvliea>ion on the p«rt of tbv public 
tet bo would 1^ Et* tQ coibplvto ■ hr^ poi^km of 
d» iauiMftse mrk bo had oonMnplaivd. Hib dt<fi^t* 
U biogrmphJc* of Atterbvnj* BnnyoD, Geldsmitli, John* 
•M, nd Pit£, contribQtod to ibn new editioA of tlw 
Kv^c^topitdio BriUBBica, prared dut btii farnlttei 
* r f tn ibdr full ngor ond ipkudor. Tt ww Ihervlflre 
■Hb ■ ftbnt^ of poinDil rarpKf ibai «)l rmdurfl 1/ tM 
1^[B*b nee bentd of his Biidd«n d^lb, ty diieuo of 
eW Kmvx, on the 28tli of Dcecmbur, 1»69. It wu 
Ul,«T«nbjtlKBO«lioinoatvekiiiwnUyili>ttgf««i tritb 
tm m opmxw that in loting blm Enf^d loot tbr 
MB wko, bmod all oibornic«i,cafriud io liat Lnin Ui« 

nfiinrrr " ■ 




Act* «f km kUlocv- He «w biviMj, ailb grvttt pctnp, 

Iboc uf Adfiuofi*> monnmtiiit uid bmJu tbe nsmuat of 
81l«dil»i/' m 

The lint aiul «tronpAt unprettko we derive frooa fl 
coniid«mtion of MMaulaj'ft hia utd wrixinp b itiaC 
of the rotKwt 4fid niu<qiliiM qoAlitMii of hu tnuj- 

gmcmily known ihat lio wju by no onum (Ic6(7ieiil ui 
Ibow t«ikd«r and b«iivvvtaut forliDgi which fvu&il liula 
wpnanoa in lib wotki, Amuii([ hu ntwiute Erivwli 
and nJAOODs ho pu6«d u otw of the motf vffbrtioiuie 
of mnu Mkd Ide bcn«roh»icG u> uwdcoohAi] artiflU uhI 
lua of lettcm, ftl«)rt>cd no ioRoiiBtiWrebk ponkui of 
hu inctjwto, DmL in hin <fi««dM> in parluunent, in hu 
««njv, uhI in Ira hutoryt h« Wiflkfli Ihi- »uij>r«««ion of 
ft rtout, tfron^ u*d tou^ polcinic, wbu U ihoronghJ; 
wdl fiimklMd for cooiIhI, and who iHTitlmr giFvi aor 
e2|wcb qiurtur. Ni^ uiuicmiHB to tndiy uxUvlw«* 
with ibo iHrcUm Bcvmty of hi« jvidgiwuiiu. UU own 
|>olitI^] ftcid poraoiifti iaupjty WM whhoM « naio^ 
"-Yuu miicU,'' BHud Sjrdscy Smith, an UMifyiog to hit 
iii£ORW]>tibnitT 4nd hu i^^triotum, *^ l&y nhboiM, ilan» 
BiitsrVi wMlih, titlos IWun? him in v^in. He bu an 
buDcvt, Kuniiiiia Jotv of liu coanirj, kiiU th4 wortd 
coold not hribo hoiB lo MgUd her iBtciwU/' 'Xliie 
iubynty qT obti«ct«r pn a MTtftia poritiv r vW ollo w 
turn of toiu to hi* mtellecCiM] aad moiml jndfCBMotfc 
H« had a nana love for what waa heantiM and tni«, 
but in ]u4 vt ritbi^it h jccncfally touk llio nqgativn fann 
jf h*£rvd lir vhAt wm deformed and blw> He ab* 
h^rrrd BManiio**, baa«M«*» Jrawl, &bahiQod, ranti|ilja«, 
and ij|ipT«iaio<i, with his whoW huart aad aod, awl 
^Fimd a gnu du%lkt ia heldjiif Utaw «4> to (xiUk 



I 



siootArmcAL &Lini;j| or uicaollt. xxit 



KmiMH. Hit talent for tlu« vork, and his e}:joyini;itl 

nT It, were «o ^TVsiU tlui he «-» t^inpttd nt ti]r.<T< K 

H« Acquiral » UiKAKil bLstc for chsr»rt*T lliiit w 
BiorftUj' Uuilwl, ia vnlw tial lue mi^hl eitwis: uit iu 
cQukmoatwi Uie rich rvKorciat of hb tconi mii in- 
vvctiTo. Hi> progrcs thran^ a iract of luitar>' vru 
niu-kf>H bj ihc erection at ihc ^owa, tIio ic^Jj^ toA 
iLe tulcc. wd ht WW fthnorfd oa JmrnAbio to mitigiiji^ 
arcoButuiccfl iA Judp) Ji^Troyi htnuejfi He n^med 
&■ contiitT liiai Ui« f^:>T (rf ^ie jixAge raited oo t}io 
namh^r nf tkc exr'ditioiiji ; «i<J hn luu Jian^^, drawn, 

■t Uw bar cii* jiuUic ^ijiiMUUt in the cutUM of bang 

Tin Lut u)d fiaeat ros«lt of penoatftl iuE^^iy b in* 
laOa^uil conadent£^jwnCA% aiid thl-i ?hIiictuU>- nnoftt 
be laid to hare niuim^L IVm inUiilA^t, bright And 
liTXttd a« itwaa, iru tW mstriuiwiit >^ lie indiriLliiAlily, 
Hu synpalluM and jmtiiuttluci colorad liu dB^incnti^ 
■jkI he tv^j cxbibiEMl aAjrlltlu^ uk '^df^ 1i£;UU'* 
i'l '^i« mpectf \m u tnTvriur Ui IIsiTliiui aud Mack* 
Thi'rtlt, wboan iufiirwr u> Uin in cxccnt of mlbrmatioo* 
ml godov for namtiTfl^ Hiq vividiuM of bN p«r- 
cqu^oiM oQO&naod tkc antDCrMj of bU diipwitkn, 
aad bn convictuxiR bad lo bim tbc iwtaintjr of hcix 
h miwt b« aimiited lli^t he liad »>M>ie rcMoo far \m 
iLffUMtJMn- Hv excelk>i all Ei^i>biu«ii of hi> tiitw 
b fab kivvirjAd^ or KngUOk nutKiij- There waa ao 
ijbwli^cTrjr Iw wotbIJ doL vudura io ora«r to obtain tlm 
T*«| Lrivnl l*ol wbtcb jlluiUalcd lb« gpbitiiii or tb« 
mumefw at an/ purticijlar ag«w Indood, tbv tnuiotv' 
■91 4/ hia toToniMtioii utonMlivd ci^on ajilainarivat 
•ad in Bodrtjr wai Mmntua^a thoiiftbt " (c b« ercdad 



k 



I 



Ttxd BtOORAPmClL SKETCH OP JUCAULAT. 

thi« infurmataaii w» not » mere auemlilNgo «f 
&ct«. h WW vitdiBDd b^ hit pWKiOTU ukd hm^aiioQ t 
It wiA ftll aIIvc id thi> m&iiy*pcoplcd domaui of Ui 
'^ vuct uid Jojoii« memory ; " %nd it wai w ccmplctc^ 
|Loiwn4ed fti in bn ftlwa^ in rtttdlnDw io invijun && 
ii^pniNot or lUnatnt^ a principle. Th« >oag«t Ulub. 
Ibtifo, luD|iooni, plan, privntc ccarDipoadmc* of ^ 
Mriod, wov ft* GuuiHat Cohlin u thv gn^iW reoorlv of 
itt ■wmIw**- Bfit in t&p(Hif3j£ tiii r Mini 'fiiw nutvrMdA 
fas fbOoiTAd iIm law of bin oTn mind nubtf*dtu tbt 
1&W bilitKat la ihio BlcIs. Ttistcad of rEov^ag dtiogi 
in iheiT rdotians to eieh otlucr, he vknrod ihittfp ia 
thnir rotadiB Id Mnudt nii rr:[iT«9««ilxtioa cif Oicm, 
tbervbro, partook cd* llru limitatunu of hM cluncUr. 
Tbst ctumccvr wn brovi, but it would be abMtrd to 
my tlHt it <rai at htMd » thm ftm^^ lacc. Ilo 
Maeau i i^fUtd Englifth liktury u a dlMingidiM po«l 
of Ha ccntarjr wu nid to have Jtynnuai hmmn Bfe^ 
Etvvi in ioiM of bb moa aefningl}^ trioaaphafii tWx^ 
menu it wUl be fociad that a dlffbnnt A^octilim oTika 
lartawiTl nvaUmttftBblUlungaitafipoa^afvnioii, Tako^ 
ihii artirJo on BflffOtfi, lhf» mMt glariag of all tho U>«H 
■tancfli in which ka hai rafiiM^ to Mumme ^ point 
of viev of Ibo pcncu ha ha* ifoirej bo eonduan ; and 
any intidWt, r«i»liit« enough tO mut tha narvolious 
fliocbatlco «f the namuttv^ can caBil;^ ivdEapoio tba 
tkm «o «« to arrifo ii in oppooM conclwoiL 

A ivonunttkt eaase of BlamiU/'a popukritT Es 
bo feoikd tft the dL-(i[ulffi6» of hit mind, !I« olwa 
uplred to pomrnt hU BUUcr in mirh a fona iw lf> vist 
a1«ta tha |iaaibiHij of dnuSt, ttlKer ta hU viaiAnwftl 
ar ■rg am wii. Of all Knat Knigtiih wti|i*rsb« h 0)«r^ 
fcra the JcaM luggvt'Jvu. AD thai bu d«naiid» of a 



1 



I 



WWIUJ'lltCAL ttUrrCB or lUCAtLAT, x»ii 

b «iispl« reccptivcima. Sotocdon, omn^ 
umu maomngt pcturitl rcproNntftii^n, arc hJI d<rMi! 

ni'rifiofl nf trnrk. Uia comprfrliFniivcftns vt Api to U^ 
of ilwi kioit wluch nrriifn At Lrood gonor.iljviiiutiii W 
ocluiling ft fikiakW f f liw fiicb iunl pnii4ri|ili» it ou^rlil 
i<> hndtidtt. Ral comprBhuuivviiuu of raind it impofw^ 
bb tmlcitt ihv uitarior IHb of 1I14 icpui^to fncta iiwIutW 
in tkm ammipin^ gemaw^adiofn is «ili?c|aniclv comprf^* 
hmW» Shftl^tttO^frOT d] Engli^ mimls i« t)ic- mofH 
oooipKlkOndry i and Shakipaue, tn ▼irtiw< tyf hk ron^ 
prcbKOBVOWfl^ vnold doubt 10 tnodT itiilnnrM irhtfto 
AlArmukj U «io*l cvHaiu. Tlw rD»»4 ji-Hi^l «£Uib<- 
tkw v€ M»r»ulay'> Utviit >> liit oiliiIvcb aitd rcfirob-cv 
tadiaa of dw cdusctcr of Janu* IIm fVvin 9 booik 
pofan uf view. He mches Ufl VLcciin bi ft MrJwof 
CMnnuif[1j odntriieil m^ nnd tfarr jmir rrrftiunr, iu 
UftcfttttAjr'fl ■uirT«tiv«, canncC mrrT«i % Mqt wiiliriut ^11- 
m^ blD tba tmp aaftriEAd IbJljr or th« tnp mu-k^^i 
«id^i«a. Sbik«|Msr*'i molbod of d«ttl:a^ with 
d bft O Cl i i «ftft iQitirvfr ffillitrafti* 

A* an HJlut UftCftfllny U jErvnur in bU EaoTi thmi in 
hk Hlffovy «f Ene^nd. Each of hb ontya b & uph. 
Tlu: naulu of i&ftlraH uti dii^ved tKroi||^ (I10 veim of 
uarifttiiia^ ft»d dotwU ftre ffrirtljr wbardinatiM! to Imd* 
Jan oaiKffiEian*. In h!* 1 1 r^Uiry detail* u^ik> mitnTmcu 
M to coifaae lliv oiind- KrvnlB *ucon«) vtrch otbrr in 
tlivV dtrtinoingica] nihi-r tluin Uwir IntellccloiLl oadirr i 
and htt watfa f i gain ftn istMivs |wrvq>f[oii vf [ ftrliru* 
Ur fiiclft wiUiiNit any gciranl view of ilie wlm^ QAd. 
TIm pow«r of ibo aiiihor 10 ininrwl m n «■ <n-idaat m 
A tttxaaa uf th« hank of BnjfUnd r« in Irb account 
^ thft UftiMTTv ftif Gk-iirw. Wc pftJB from odo topk 
te OToditr wvlhoi« Jifiy i^mo of Uir owDoclioil of 



IKIV DtOtilunUCJlL lUrTUl of JUlCAVtAT 



I'>{'lo«. I'kiure >ucc«eiU picture aa iu ihu AinrvKy i^f 
it puiKtiuiiUH II BcciDA lui If «e Hcfc roatUiiic liu: work 
of ft poet who tuul tumud cLnniiibt. By em|>liaunii^ 
eicrrytliiiif;. uiterfet tD |«rtk[il4n i> obliuiinJ At ih^ 
n.j<iiic uf ^^eriJ cA^«U Jt M ouljr I7 tumin^ I0 
IJhi t«l)}« of cc<kUnU UiM w« ftr» abli* U> ^i*n3ua Uw 
WLiiU of ft rutjEii. Xlivnj arv Kijrw uf |ajpu ia Ui« 
Uilrd v^A fanrth robiocM wlucb wc read ■« wd nod ft 
PL-w^{:4ri wlu^n vi acooiuK of « nunW m«f be tuc 
rtixlfj Itnmniiatcly bjftii ftccouiu of n BUAipivradA 
l'i^«4oon, who cftoiMi be nftRBod wiiU Macavlny in r^* 
sjicct to ftilniasa of luftUj^Ti fertility vT dioiigbtf ongi- 
Hftlity nf nyU, mnd tmw«ftriod tmorgy of poind, im atiU 
lui^uc Ui iiim iti ibu ftilailic dixpouEi'^n oT hit m^ 
itu-iftU. li) mMlint£ TrvBCutt, wv Jm^v but « laint 
iaipiiMttiiw of Uiti ftDtJior ftdd iH) iVeUnf; at nil of tbi 
r-Jicity vf Lli^ ttiylui but tlui roftl bu*lii«w uf 1I19 ii» 
itiriAii b noiw the Iceft perttinoiHi, fur wu f^^t ft t^TP 
\'wvf tit ^-U in tbctr trao ralaJLioru, and trc raiftbled to 
Luke IB tlie nil^jeci h« t^^au of aa m vluAe. U U>- 
oftiilmy Uia nftriftiive of jArticnkr fftfU ftitd incidcBti 
;a IncopipftnAly bni^lii m^il Mimukdag* b«t Uift Itcti 
And iDt'idffiu ftra iiu4 •ovn frgm ft cuounjimUiig point. 

Ia luK OMftj^ «i|wMl)y ha biogmpfakal ftod ho^ 
tariiiU ottftyi. lUi dttftoc U nol obiVTftblo, Tbty 
nuik ftiiioii£ Uu: iiji«ftt ftrti«t*c jirodticta of Utc wntiuyi 
Tlicy |iftrtftkc nf Uiit importVicfioni of bii tlisiikinii 
ftnd ibo UiAiuiiuiUt uf lii* di«niCln-, but iliay ftM» ilUI 
parte! <ir ihcir kiml. 'Xln ftfticlcft fat Mncbiarfilli, 
Jtanytfti Ctivu, tUaine*. t^ivdMvic Uj« Orvat. H«r*rr, 
dtftlliftm, uvt totnvBbuu viberv^ftrooninval ipwiiiMni 
•f tiiftl cribtml uid inttvyrvUlivft biogrmpliyi in wbioh 
Uu cbftnoMr of ijiv Uqgr4phor ftppoftn ^hkifly to gt-n 
i&iQ' to tbe fqicmiilftlloH of bm ftud tivr: ftpplicftlkn 



A 



I 



J 




mocmkrmcAL sccrcB op Him^t-iT 



XXXV 



ai |«iiQcif>tvL The amouDl uf Lnowkdicc cnob jTlhiifli'' 
iadwUi CMi oiilj b*j luiiiiuiuii bv tli^«o wlio bav« 
|ati«itljr nwi Uie nuny ix>lQmo« they eo briQiutlj 
ccmdeiBC. In Mytc tlwy iIkiw a nMKtcr)' at £oglu& 
wiiiirh hu iMffiii amajikJ by no oftfcfir Bn^HI*^ adtbm 
wliu did Dut pn^ffr a fmtive iinikii:imtian, 'VUo lH 
of tlw vnur » tiiown u macU in hU tklil^TAK' obtncv 
of CQCuinvfi and cuIloquJNl ptirww ut m ihvao splvmlid 
paMi^ tn -rhii^h he Blivaa «o<mc to uxLnoii tbo ro- 
MwrcoBof iliu Ei-.^liiJi uai]£u«b A«a numk'j^r. nn lib 
own province, U vrould be diffiotilt to name h.ut fiqtifti 
WMttmQ Eiig!£«li KnU:r«; 1j> hiA muraiiv^, all hia tiU(*iitt- 
aikI ■i:fciiD|i|Mlinienb< cumUnci) lo Ii-ikI fiudimtiion ; «n(l^ 
ui it Uk i-Thihiinl ihr uDidi-'ntAndiag cif Halloni^ and tti< 
knuwJvdjp^ oil Hi&ckijiU»h, jnikcd lu (he pactniviiqurLKM 
«f Bodlher, Mid tb« wk «tf Paw. 



ESSAYS. 

FUAUUENTS UF A ROMAN TMA. 



It wu aa hoar afkcr noon. LifCAriitf wiu rotaming 
frtn ibc C*i«lwii Jklvtiku. H« ttivlJcii i}^rou^h oiu of 
llw fineU wl^ck M to Uif^ finnitn, v-ultnf; l^U Kum>» 
vid CAlqihtiinj ^0 ckU« on iIjo ^lAiiAlutK wlio vco^ 
t» few* «t ibe 4|ipm«rhinj; Saltimtha. W1i>l« lku« 
coeupwd, be ovcirtook Kkmmiu>> wbu, '«iUi » hcMvj 
Mip ud • BttliscboJj' hc*s ^w canulvf ing in the miim 

b^ Um ilocvc 

** Good div, Ffuiuiiiui. Ar« jou to bo of Cki- 
ilit>c'» f«ny tki» oi^vfiiiijjE? ** 

- Nui 1." 

" VHij- fc>? Tuur JHlW T*fvniiiw gifl wiD bcwk 
boriMA." 

** No ocMilcr. Ca^luie boa OtQ bwt oooka wmI Um 
fiiio>4 W12IO bi Romd. Tticre aro clianmii;; v^iDtii «1 
Uft pcrtica. But ibo twolvo-IIno board uid tho dici>- 
Us pa/ &r all. Tlui Ood^ conl-jund n>« if I did not 
loao two tnillion* oT u«tcrcca 1u4 ni|:tit. Mj vilU «t 



rkAdueHTfi uf a aouiK taul 



farouglil frnm Ep^Q<ti^» inti>(l j^ to t1i« &iicti»Re«T. Tliat 
U a Itigh priri% v'imi viit Mckuowlcigc, crcu tJr Pkociu 

•^Htgli indeed, by PoIIiia/* 

>* Aitd ihiU u :)ot ibo wono, I uiw wvcmJ *4 Ui« 
Invliiiit BdMlor) t]iw ni/:>niJfl^ 8tmigf tbln^ art 
vhkpvTvd in tlio higher pahtirAl rlrcTis." 

fuliad litf iw&ip of iioLitician ever nince Sylln b |HXi»cn[>- 
tiifii, whitt 1 WM wiOiin a niomi-at <ir hjitinjc ^7 >brufll 
cut by tt jwliticiuii, vvhu tuol me ftitr uttulUvr iBjUu-nAJL, 
Whllu iJivrc ii a cwlc of FtikriUHO in C(U[1[bium, vt b 
^r) ID Uiv Suburr^, I almll be too wull iiiiip1o5>:d la 
ihiiik on Ui» subject.*' 

" You will d<i w*!!," B*id FltrethiTift (fT*r>*h\ " to 
b^tiiv «otn^ litt!i« cxinnd-?r>1>Hii n|ti4i ll al ptv«iit. 
OthcTwiso, I ft«r, yon wrll »cciii rvim 3r<nir •ci^iiTnt' 
inrf with |)olilirkah% Jn m maniwrqmt^ iu unplAMmt 
nc that to ■ ludi yoai BUudi-." 

<* Averting Goik I whftt do vt/Q moftn ? " 

■* I iriU UtI yoQ. IVro tro rtimon of oornf ItMy, 
Tlie onter of t^iintp fuinbUihcd bj Kufim SjtU hui 
nciMl tbo diifput of thn pnoplv^ nnd of ■ ^rpt ^^ 
of tltn ixiblfdi. 8imi« violvnt convnbiori n «rf vtUhI,** 

" What it tlwt to inoT I foppoiw tlijit thvy will 
Kanllj jvotcnbo ilia viatnen and gUdi^ivn, or pAM ft 
bw rMn|idlliig orcfj dtnoa to iakv « vilcb" 

** You da not omlcrMtfiit C^iitinv b nij ipoord to 
be tho ftutlior of tlic n^Toltitiofury srln^moi. Yon 
tDMM Imv« beard boU opfinioiM tt bu tftblo tvjv*^ 

^ I tivv«r Irttt-n to mny o|i^ciod9 tipoa mdi iot^odi, 
void or tiniid.** 
''Lookloltt Vmit MOto y* been moiikmciL*' 



nudVinrTa or x humak talk. 



" MiM I good Ooilt ■ [ chJI lii«v<-(i to wiines* ilml 
J tkfvar M» Ditxdi a» nwntiaiittj S«aftte, Conoiil, or 
CanuiU, tit CnCilino'i bouie." 

" KtAodv mpecu you of mhj ittrtMpMiwi b lb« 
snWttt cotiTHcb of dit; pirty. BdL mir |[n«t men 
> -r - iltftt you &r« AMiDTiff Ulorte wboni \» !» 

^ hij^h with tioiuty, or enUJif!^ w ili-vptj^ 
in daiE^BMt Uttt Uiuy *p$ i>o iMrip-r Oiiir uwn niM* 
!««. I iImiII nuTcr Mt foot within hit |iir«lii>J<l. 
tj^iu I liAVD IwfR •oUniiily wMued by ukii whirl 
UB^Ierttuid |>uUic hAuia; uiti 1 advus jou to he 
codtwrn." 

TholHoiiil* b«d now CiinWK] bto liw larnm, whlcb 
w cliTODf^ Willi t}]c jpiy And dojivit rmiili of R-inbj 
^ i can l«U ymi nior«,'* cojitiiiuwl Plfttuiiitiis ; *^ vu«iii> 
body ws> rvcuukiug to ibv Consol yvricnUy \vorm 
Itndfv a ccmun ttcquftiatanoa o£ onrn tMd Lift gfrdtohi 
■ Let lifait look CO IuakI^' mhI CicorOi 'or tlio a 
tamj Bmd a ^iAuiv g;irdlo (or liix neck/ " 

"Qrtnl Qod»! who kfl It? Von raniiot aimly 

- Tbnrv W U,'* 

nunnuutt poinLtd to a ruari wtio «a* l^cirL^ up and 
dvwQ tba ronnM At » link) disiutrM* trvm tWii. IJo 
wu li\ the prime of miiliood. ilii pononiJ adtuiK 
t*<*i« wen nctnakiJy Mrikifi>?, amd wvru dUjtlujhwI 

witb «zi rtlrnvAi^iUil but \X\'A un^pUwHll fbjipury. Hli' 
pnim Wftvod in Ioon fol^ ; kU l<nic darl: carl« wim-qi 
iiwnif with ci^vH* Hrt, and tiMiM and Alcainuil 
villi mlmini bis i»tcf» and gaitotc exhibited ati clfs 
poi and conunandoii' fignrv in ijvwy poOure- of 
[^u laxipior^ But Ln rc)untciuu>ea Et^rnHMl a >iii 
|Hkr oofftnsi \a the ^ni^r^l api>««rmnc« of bU p«nHn^ 
flw In^h and nnp«na] bnm, tba kwo squJlbo feafr 



^^ 




i PnAmKMTS 0¥ h WUUK TAtX 

iinu, U>« comprnucd moulh, tlto powtrmting ii^ 
iiidi^^ted liiu liigWt <l«grB« of AilUtjr AfirJ 4tc>ueai. 
ilv wvoukI nbncbed m inlcnw oiitditatiou^ W'tlh 

Jiu Muxitcrcd nnuid llic «rau ap{>areiiUy tuitoiutkiM 
how wftojr of lb« ^uig ^knto of Rame vm unvj* 
iii){ iho bh9t« of hit drvM, fti»l tiio imm) of hii fiuhicM^ 
aUr Ktig^. 

tu uhlrkclv to bo in n pliH ks 1 ud." 

■* He doa nollung bat pune. l«i£ii iouiguwi raid 
Grpfk, and wnlo vone^** 

" Yds Imow nodung ^ Onwr Him^ he rudf 
adJ r o— e* Uie Scsnalo, he b t^oiuailtfvd n» tbo fiiwat 
iq>«ak«r Uims aAcr tlio Oonu]. llii iaftmnco villi 
Ui« Bubitiido » inuMiiM. Uo vtU oorve bv di«k 
ill poldk Ufo w [i« litfvod Am bit lu^K mi Calitiifta'iL 
W« were (fUytng at Uie tw«ivv liook^ — LnuiGitod 
»Ulcei. Uo i^'^g^t** bU ifae IJmo, clatted villi Vnit^ 
riu nvitf hb« «J)Oulder, Umcd bet bsnii bHwmn ovvry 

tli/iiif[ht thai 1 liad 'Un- All al ontxr I fouEHl my i 
LM>tii\t«n dtivva kit» ilw coniar. Noi a [liucv tc 
luut-v, bj; Hvrculiv. It coot mo two niUmH «f 3«^ 
ttma. All Uur Godi and Godikaoi ooofiwDd lifac 

^A« to Vaima," aaid Ligama,^! fergot Vo aak 
wUdlior j^Ni have Ticard tin newa.'* ^ 

"^hoi^ward. WhalT'* | 

>^ I wiM ivid at Uio lallia to-daj dvl Cvmj- «» 






I 



mtifd tlie Udjr Ik-tim. Unfi^ftonaiHr^ M Quintitt 
LtfEttkif li«d «ani* Imok fiinn hk vdk in C«inputi«t 
m a ^ihiiB ot j»-iJou3y- He was tk'4 exf^ctM Ibf 
Iknw fUn. Tfiora irm « fii>p tiuniiH. I'hr tM fcoJ 
olltti for bin airord aoH dla «livitf, ctirw«d hii wiAi, 

** Ub bu|[K«d, qtxrtrd Amrrvon, insind hu ffovni 
fvHiml III* Ml ami, clowd wtlh (^ ' - 1 i iSib 
flcFwn, twUlod h[» awoatl out uf liii f ■ i .-b 

dwr AtuTwUitu, imn % frotd-man through tbc diovUJor, 
•ad TEf In the AiYCt h on Imtnnt." 
•* Well ^tiw\ Ht«i bff «»w* Ono.1 *Uy, ('»iti*." 
Ovnr lift«vl lifii Iv«m1 m tho ■arutmiofi, Hhi tar if 

*• How «rv jcm after ro«r tut ulj^ltf « «xp1<nt ? " 

•• A« well K« pocvrililr^^' Murl t'oHBir bii^hing. 

■• Jn iTui}i wv ih^^uld rttlHr ft^ bow QuIdIih LoI*- 

if E nun vitli K Euthlvii spouK* and ■ Wktm Ik*^ 
Hii t'l L b lacMl tJ>nTj(j*]y hurt. Poor fcilAw! 

I0 *Ji*^. --1 ^ half of wliatcrtrr I win to^l^-fct. Fla- 
ntnlivi, VIM iloll birc yottr m'l^n^ n: CatUind'a/' 
. kfMi. [ do not Intend i<i !>> mi 
r . J . ■ -lb U» pari wilh pir tfrtrn-Wt!**. Mv 

't Catftin^y baftft ipirit ! Yo" iir<» ni>t rtf Ki» 

r. jij;" ^Ikfil tiigviiu. Dicv, CUian, anri lJi« 

I Hi Gnavk •l«i|:iftff-prl ihai wm »vct »ocn. TIjink 

^ \: . I ^ r^uK. Bv VvTitiK i^ti almmf in»t« nw 

*il li'Qin^ iiXT tiiAl f ulknl Qrvek wild Um 



I 



$ nuOkLEKn \f§ A ROIUK TALL 

"I doubt elu will not Mv tlio munc^ or nw,'' 
Liganiu, ■* I tan juil v tbie to dovijilifr ftii 
hA lo riW ft tino nt' Llnmcr," 

^ VcKi bartttroua Sfvlhian, fihn hvJ thp cuv of ^ouj fl 
fldiac&tion ? " ™ 

tdi mu ildi paid wa» no vvil, &ttU doj-jp^d m« m if hv 
iJiought tio. At Iwt ofw dftj, m tlic uiiddlo uf & kc* 
turo, I «oi ftro lo bis coiormow 61tJiy btNinl. lingfod iiii 
ftoCfe lod lent htm roonnjc out of the bouM. TbcR 
«iid«d my «licuKi^ Pram that tiidc to tlii« I hara hwl 
n litll« lo do witli Groaof u tW wiim tkal jour pt^tf 
oM TritfiKl Lulalitii otUi Im ddicigW Samuin." 

**WiJ[ 4L>no» Llguwu I lisw « Stwc 1 «riiL] 
Hwtti Ciuo hail a betu-d tJiat jrov migltl «!»)::« it for 
bim. Thr f>o1 ulknl hit twi> bourn in ibc ShmUo yo»* 
tetxbij, witboittt diui;^^ m mtmch of lib i^»c<v tto 
loakKl Nn MVBg« and no moiimiluaA ai the nwili in 
wbicb Rmtiiu ftctel Atocio. T d^i^iic omytkJQg etm 
noctcd ^tb liim/' 

^' fi^otfit bit ii«t«r, S«rnUft.'' 

*' True. SIk [« a lurv^y wontto." 

** Tbi^ Mtj tlut you bat'c told her $0, Coim." 

" So I !ave-" 

** And that *bo ^u not on^." 

"Wb»t woman hT*' 

» AjA— biu tiny wy -^ " 

" No maUtor wkat iii«j ny. Ccaniiu>n bno bat tik« 
t Orcvk ttivtorinaii- You nlitbn knuw ao mncb, l^t^ 
Hitft wilbpoot rooidiflg the pUloiopbacv. But ramB, |, 
iriU tatndiica yott lo Uulo daHc-<^ Zoo*" 

>* I ball ycm 1 can tf-mk niv Grack." 

■^Uorv thmim for you> ft it liigli tJMo tbat 
ibidii begin. Too will nvrtr hs^ *ttob a cl 




flUaUKTan uF A bOlUIt tALS. 



kMCnrtrnn. Of wluit irsv yonr bUivf Uimlunff *■'"% 
bt iv«it lor AD dJ(1 Stoic wiiti a kiii£ bcnrd tu Icftch you * 
Thvrv » no ba^vg^-iBiflirtta Uho n hAiubooii^ voman. 
Wiifltt I wta ai AUien*« I kAmi mocc Ore«k Irriin ■ 
|inttr tkrwrr-^girl b tbo Pt-irwnui dion from ntl t!i« Path 
ckid vtd tij<^ AnxUmv, SI"* w na Siotr, H'avfm 
knvwkt BuL Odiufl uiuim lo Zor^ I niU bo your in- 
lurpnrtor. Woo htt m boiiort J^iiliii, And 1 will turn 
a intu vtmwt Qrv«k fae^wm tlitf tlinm* of ilico. 1 
oui wttke love ukI miiKl my pOMtv &l vticv, ob Fliiata- 

■■ WfiU, tbon, 'xi W pkifit Cflsw. FliminttB htm lioca 
totking te me tJbcatt ptoU, A/id aaipiPtons jum! politi- 
thuM* I lunvr pIa^ukI mjnolf wiOi mith tliiiif;^ sino* 
SyfU't mI Mariiu'i <Liy« ; and tlnvti I nov«r could e»m 
■M!:b di^«mce bvtvccn Uw portiu, AU tfait i nm 
mrw ^ n, Una tboM wbo niMUb with tach al1uir> an 
0«B«E«Jljr «Ul)W or anmgluit. And, though I liko 
Oi«dt wvw uid li««l«oan« wocnom 1 do not wah to 
tU mj iwdi fer ihan. Now, ivll mo as a Grico^ 
C«ku] — it tbervmdanfp-TT*' 

» Dtf^or t ** E«pM(#fl C«Mr, Willi K kliorl, fivfi^ 
iMitnTnl |jui|^i : " yh^x t\aa^t do yovi ap|ireln?nd ? ** 

^ Tlat yon dioold ImmI know,'* rmI FlaiDintiiv ; 
* ytm an &r laoFS latimate witli CntilicM tjuui I. Bui 
i advise yon to be caalinui. Tbv leading imm tiitcr- 
lUB ainiB|r NuaplekMi,'* 

Onair dnw up bk fij^nrc &om ha ordioftry !<nto t^ 
f^aodbl rolfctalioB into an attitudfi uf romiitaiidin}^ 
^f^)r, juki] refilM in a vuin c)f hIidtIi the ilt«p sni 
■ipaadniMd iDolody iSwiiwd a tCrtn^ cocitra»t lo tka 
k«Mrov ai>d alo cB ad Icn^ of hxi otdinary c«aiirm» 
IM. "^ Lot tbwii anapact. TbL'VictiapoctbaoattiQllny 
rlst thfly have dcaomd. Wliat lia u tlxy done 



& 



nL\ciu;»Tii OF A Hukux tale 



DHlib 1 



I 



fWBiviw>f— Wbatfur foajiliiMl?— Auk ibedlunvw 
A:*k llw pnfvuiccib Ubvi» Utty liod vty uUkt oLjmi 
10 pcqiCUiaW tikifir own ottliviiv powcirt iitd Ic 
Br^ tu uimIof lb* jrui;e iV an oJtgitrclikBJ tjn^iiv 
wliidi uniUfl in itMJf tbe wi>r>t «viU of ^vtry otha 
lyMAua, «jnd eooibikt* man thaa AtlM&iuk tutnUnct 
fritb more llnui reruiui duq^otkia ? '* 
- ^UockI God*! CosHT. h li iwt ufo Ibr jrou M 
I|«b1:. or for l« to listen lo, sucli things, ftt lueJi t 

" Ju-igo for yoiini«lTio« what joii will hottr, 1 will 
fiviij^ far mjMJf wli&e I wfQ iipmk. I vn* not liretit/ 
jroATi alil, whcQ I dtfdicd l-ucbi ^vlU, mn^mndcd \yf 

09 jou m|>pcuu Uidt I viMui ui »iro <iif lui palUj lue* 
ecMvn, wlw i;avv inlicritod u powdr vrkicb di^ fiovcr 
;*a«lii liavc Mcqulrvii ; vlio wouM ii&Ilal* hu prof«p- 

Ikma^ tlion^di t^X ^^"^ '^^'''^ ^'l^*^^ '■** ^'^">^'* ^ " 
**Poinp«y it ftlnofft M tiuk to k iriAcd villi ii 

;3jrlk. I Ill-Ant A coDiiittr wttAor iftj Uiftt« in coiwy 

(jumnr 4>f ihri'ivawnl ftUnoiogfllftte of afiurv, he would 

pmtablv Iw ivnUed from tha ctHniQsand V^igiwd to hiiD 

b/ tliv MajiUinn kw." m 

*<lAl1iiniconu*,-'Ufe«pcipilod'SyUB'«bvtclicn«>, — m 

ilio f^luftiMT of 1^4iculJitt*ft utppUtt^ — ikt ibkd^uk«T oT 

|ftM80]tft«^" 

^Fur 1>»v0n'ankO|CAtt»! — iiyou kiM*w vhutk* 
UnwulMid—" 

•■Swn«Utiitg ftlvotd htiRfttlf^ no donbc Pit^ that 
HCti lalouA* ttliouU bv CiDU)>l«l wilh ku^li irowardicv and 
|i«uB«QuU*fy- Uv U llio finwt «|K^ur livinic, ** infiiut^ 
ly nporiur tu vlut Horttrnwai wm, in hit buM day* ; 
^ft ArminU cowfAnion. except wlwn Iw uJIti OTCt 
fer thr orauimli time aJI Un JtJu^ iW ba maile aI 



1 



J 



nuoHBaciB OF A. msuv taul 



Vmt^*it tmL But !w h thn i)Mp<<:il)|« io<d of « i|qi 

** Vnor kn^iu^ Cum, cottiuom nw that tht 
ivporu wUcli iiav0 bt^on cuculM«d arv oot vitlunu 
fcnnihtiott* I wU) Tontore to prupliccj lluU witlsin « 
Ifw jBunthi tlic rtrpoUJc will poM tkn>u^i a wk&l« 

** 1 believe fD ; vi Otlvfnfy o^ wliicli Poaip«3r wiH 
b« tbtf Po}xtilKUiUt uvj Uiocro ibtt &raQ. I vrtnM 
htrv Um- «t4i« iiniiaitf UlyMM : show no mtfcy to i)ie 
fapBvr i but tr<intrlre, if it emn U> dtjav, to liit^n to tlis 
■MiMiitiog TOicQ tif tiift olLar, wiihuul bAng mdooed 
b;r h kk doMraolion." 

" But wiMm QUI yvor p«rt^ iiroducc ii: tivib Ui tkoM 
iiro&moiM lotrUn?" 

••Tinjo will liliaw. I would hnpc thai then vaat 
•ru»B mui, wboaBgooiv Co (!riiM|tii>r, to cMiciliHlV} ^ic) 
lo |[ovorn, mmy onUv in nue caianf nn uiipiixBvd anU 
^Tiilod (iKi|)ks — UUy do ail Uul Svlla •liuuld lutvo 
ftod odtlUi tb« mA|pufi«vii B|Kciaol« of & {*n«£ 
diRctod liy ft iinst mind." 

•* And wlitTfl w f i*rJi » i*»nn to be f^iiind ? " 

« ft -'-' wlirf« yoti would l<A4l «x|v«ltofind hrnii 
P«tL< xiMj bo (»e wUise powers hftvo bitliorto 

bMD coHaittlvd tn dooMitic; or Lu-ntry mttranftnt. 
hiiapt luf may bw oiu.s wIm, wlalu initing fur aoiiM 
«la|vri» WDckvcivni, Ibv mioo wortJiy upporluntly, 
■{lEttidm on triAu s |^ii» bdcM irlikli nutv yH 
be hnmbled ibe swonl uf P<a«p«v and ike g^wa tiC 
devih Pcrhi^ he may now bu diiputui^ with ■ 
«ifiy«tt P<^P* pmtlJir^ wiib n miiaiMifki pcrfiipt 
^.^^" aftd, ju ha «i>okc, he Kinied awfty. aad n«uiu4ii 
km lmtg«, ^ itrol&^it ill tlio Fonmu" 



10 



FRimisrra ov a wvav talx 



It WM ftjooAt iniiliii^t. TI>o i*tiy h^ 
Oaiiliiw Mui CvtJi«eujt wcrv «tiU ojniJcrrias tii tlw buiij)«f* 
Toom, wtuch w«s M utttt], tlio bigliMt apartnicm ot' tli« 

fbmne. ItfemedfteupolfttlVoniwhlch wfaidowv op«fud 

'•n cIm Ikt roof tWvumMinited it To ihU umc« Z«( 
]ud rntirod. Witb tvym dimmrd with tbml Mid nalav- 
elioljr imn, t^v Inuiinl over tlw balititrado, to o«>clt lk# 
Iwl glimpv of Uie ilcjMUiing form of Ckbv, m it gtw 

^taon and mmv indijKuici in Uio nioanli||;llL llttd Ks 
«ty iboiigbL of bur? Any lui^j for ImtT IIv* tbe 
faYovrile of diu ki^i4iovn Umiiiiut uf Kclihw. Uic moal 

|i|il«ndid, thiA nncM gnctAil. Uw ni»£ «loqiimt vf iti 
ftoblm 7 It CMtId lufC 1>a Hia voice Iwli liMle«di hmak 
BnachtngtY nft nvhrjicwr lii^ AddncMed h«r. Thore 
had b«fct a &Mcii«amg iMiil.'nuflw *»»*« in lli<f vivuHiy 
of hi* look and nniT'^mtiort. Hut tuck wi>r« alwar^ 
Uiv manniuii of Cnaar lowardi wonon. H« ImvI 
wi«*lli«d a ^Nrig oTiBjrrtJ* in hifr )ia<r » «ha wu idxig- 
inp. Slie took it from \w dark ruifcleU. and kinrid ii« ^ 
kBd v^ ovar it, «nd dwn^t oT th4 awvot Ugradt offl 
ber own dmr GrcwA — of youita aad glrb, wko, pln- 
bg Awvf in hopdrai kive. had bem tranifennt^ into ^ 
flavnsM bv ijie «»ipawucm of lh» Ood« ; and ahnwHhirdfl 
to b«coai« a flovvr, wbkrb Catow niKht aoiwtlinoi 
lunrJi, UkmiieIi beahooUJ toudi it only to vaav* a crown 
0br amn iitnodor and ha|i|^cr oiatfaaik 

Biw WW roui«d fton her BUMiniDi by ibv 1o«id fltfrpl 
■ttd ixiico of Oddu^n, wba w« p^ng ftiioudy 
icd down ibo nppVF-nwnfc. 

" Hay all die fpods con^n^l mtu if C«mr lie 
iba ikC|v»t Iraiiar, at tht* moM miifmblu iilkit, llul 
•var inuvneddbd wii>i a plocl " 

Zoc fJinddored. Sbc drew tMftnr In tbo window, 
Slttf iUwd concwiinl from ^twrritjon b^r tba curtaiA. 




A 



nutduom or a roiuu taix 



n 



**AikI jrcm, too''^ F«oljiiii«d Cciii^tij, inntii^ 
Aerodjr on lui accompiicr; **vi>u ti> lakff \i\s p«l 

** My lUsr Cfttu* C«UMgua, you wilt not uiidar- 
MftnJ nw> I ;iro|i(nvd tlio tdivw ; ajuJ I mill join io 
■Mcviing U. Uoi iioticj u m nocoButy u oar plmu 
M bolduM. f did iwt wuH 10 «(AnIe C^mr — Ui 
hio liiA oo-ojivniion — pvrlia]>d to acitd him o(t wrUi on 
nfafnution n^smtt ta ui Cicero and Ontuliu. Jle w 
« ittiBgntAt »x joar mfxcitjoin, ihat all my dJMJisuli^ 
tfam w«« jKmr»ly RiffiFicvit to prrvf^ut a IoIaI niptun>** 

** ItiHi^iunt i The j^odii coafoiuid him ! —^ llo pralH 
ibobt InnnAialTT an<l giaiurvdty. nmt inuckntion. Ity 
ilvr^v. 1 hfltv nut heard «uch « loctun Bnoe I vru 
with Xi3Hicl»n» At Rl^odn." 

^ Cn>r ii mde ii|) of fMOMittMcies. He hu 
hiaiMlliit uBUtHKt, vnqiMAtumcd com^ AdfoitaMe 
Mf^aeaty, Tm I liftvc fraquenUy oUrtvod in him a 
vuoufibh rnakncv M tiM sx^it i^f |ioin. J rumt^iihvr 
lIvM oqoe one uf bit ilnvaa wwi takon ill n hilc t^aartyixij/, 
iU ItUar. il« altf-hu^, ptit tl>e fUtow in hit placo* 
and valkcd bimHi ia m KiJl of vriow. 1 uroi»«l«r titst 
V«i fiodd b« w iJl-«d«-i»>d u u> ulk to him oi' mm* 
tTK fttid pillogii, ftnd «oiiflB^ntioci. Yoa mi^t ham 
famrun thai sncb pnpoiitiOiM woold djMgiiai A man of 

- 1 fU not kiu-w. 1 hard not your MltonMntnili 
l.-vrimu I Wd «uch couspdnoon. WKit b llie tiM 
W tibm ? Wo mobl lia\« bJood -^ bicod, — tuxrkiiifE 
UnX umritag trark — bhwdv work ! " 

** IXi Mt gpttd /our CcoUu ny diAr Coius f ukd bj 



I 



IS rftAtniBsiTa of a h»ia» taul 

duwii Uiw i:»rTW^>Jui«fi>. By Hvrcuks nxi tiav« cm 
up aIJ tlw >tul&0); of Uic rotarli*" 

«-«EuJ tlown ui Huff di«ttk wJtU, — u<l piirjil« to ccnc 
lIuuB, — ukI pretty voioiTn tu JcUon t}i«in, — mlftv 
ihu foot, and rnich v hj*, «pin1 our ptuu. J liad taim 
ttaiug eU* to Mf . Xho natvcod Cap wubn to «Bdq|^_ 
Zou troui UKk'* ^^^1 

" Jmponublol Tou mbooiMiruc tii« oniinuj galm^^ 
liii!« whicJi b« i» ni ibv iiabii vf p^yiuj; to ovory huiiJ* 
•omobco-" 

■^ Ciin»o ofl ilia onLitJiirj gtUkanriMi and his wstf^ 
uii h'lt conptinDeiiu, luii kii iprijp of njrtlel If 
Cavwr hLouM Jare^liy H4^n;ulrA| 1 will tv^r lain ii» 
(iifjc^^ in tKo nuild]« of tlit» Koruia.'* 

** Tfuit tiis di^titK*tioa to inc. W« laiwt luo h» 
tiJyiitA end iiidaujici* — Uin»i Eum upoo «^vi^' <Ungvr 
— ' mki? tiioi iJUT ItiitTitatvnl wliilv «t» uv uiHitviidif^ 
^ o«r |H-nc{^<iKi.-riug lo tko 2^«nAUi if wi; &ul — our 
Gnt ^krliiD if WQ uaoCMil-" 

"llju^t irlijanotM wwtlut?" 

** Sonifb^r in U^i^ Urrnco I— lend nw jcnir cU^g^,** 

C'CktilirK ru*Jj«d to tiiu iriitdoii^. Zrje wm at^itklWii* 
n Uic ikail^ il« BlcppKl OTkL Siiv Jjuicd into tliv 
t«nn^f«Mcd tikoAllAAli ut'%IitBin^ byibaiftoriW 
Cotlie|[tia — flitv do«m ibo trtwr* — tltr^i^h (be ctiurt 
'— UutMigh the Tuttibutfl ** ihwiMgli iIm Mreel, StupA, 
voiOM, li^htt, casio bA umI oonftnod)^ bdund h^r; 
Ina with tiic ^>cod of Uivc vmI ttfrmr Uie s^hioi ujimi' 
bor ponniim. fUn Ikd tkrat^k tb» wUilcrnm of tin- 
binvfi) ArMi dnilEr Mnvu, liH abo fiwml trnMOf, bn«lh 
Itvi aitd njiluiiiilod, in tliO nuAti of a nuwd ij^f^lUiilA, 
ivlio, with chaploti ott Untt b«a4f, ftinJ tar^ba in tlioir 
biodi. ir«f« f«albg from lli« |ionko of a tutolr aun 
4m. 



\ 



1 



mAtiMKSTft or A SOMAS? TALlL lA 

Th« foraaoott of tito Ibfoog w«a a /Milt tvjH^e Uui* 
Jtr fipinft And bAu'lTul rountt'iancii fcvmvil Lordly 
euovunt wiih y> wx. But iJid feoiiiuiw iluiicacjr d^ 
ills 0Muraa romloixd mon &%h(iul ihc nai&glod Houa- 
$Ulf oiiil liTccitjr vf tLi>ir cx]>c«uiMi. 'Div Librrtinn 
KodACTty of hn «UrC| iJid the gmtou^Di' fbppnj of hu 
■^iparrli fi«o«npd fo imLcAUj 4t IomI a f^rtbil in-aiiitj. 
Klin^jii^ ooo Ran round Zwa, «tid tt«nu^ aitay licr 
ml wiiii ill* otlicr, Jio dlsdoied ut iIm gug of Uh 
lUruaguig cvmiduiiunA tliif nsgular fv^iurva tuid kqett 
i^-k vyo whicb ckanu:tervu Atbcnkn iMAUty. 
" Clotfiua luu »ll Uiv iuck to-nighi,'' eTi«d L^^ariof, 
■■ Not ftu, bf Htfculo," Hid Uarcm Ca^ltuA i *» Uit 
^H b billy Aur coniDnn prinr : we will flii^ tlico for 
boT* Th« VuitfiH ' iltrow, u it isuglii lo dOi »li4ll dif- 

** Lvt nw go — !«4 nw go. for Il^arien's foktf," cmJ 

" What « cbamuDg Gn^k kcoou; hUo hni^ Ccom 
into Uw WiK', my link Atiiealan Dight£ii|$il«." 

** Ofa ] what will booonM) of me ? It tou lure 
meitlivn ^ if Tou Havo ufllfv ^^— " 

■^ O^xlhiA baa « Hitler," tniittered LiffUrivs ^orbe k 
avcli bdicd.'* 

** By He^Ttfi, thtt h mtpiog,'* luid Clodiw^- 

" If iJir wtro not cvvdiinllj % Qnckr" bud Codtu^ 
' [ ab'fuld mkc Imr for & vcaiaI virpa." 

*- Awl if abo vrere » vistjj virgin." cried Cloiiivi 
■WvKiljt " ii ibould no4 Ji.'(cr mc Tbi* wuyj^no 

•iSttu^Ui^! KTTvAininKp* etckuncd m K*y uid 
awpwTHidif^jg Toic«: '' Vou uv otiLixig v^ry unjjeuitli 
■Ttw Cluvlm.'^ 



14 



ntAOUKKTS Of X 90HXSS TAtX 



He mnrifl of lib voine tlinll^d thrOnj^i lli« rvfl^ 
iKVt ul' Zor, WrtJi ft «ORVubivo cffcut ftlii? barrt 
ivui llitf fp^^l' vf t^fU" >iM>t«int adrairiv, ^img [iwvdf 
U tliv fl-et of' Cjb4M-« Kiicl dft»pi:d hi» kiwoi, TIm 
mom Aofic i^ill on Iwr agilAlod oikI impbnng fto» , 
Imt Bpa movoJ ; but the utiwvd no sound, H« gued 
■t Iter ictr%n nulant — maod W — cWpod her to hU 
Uffoni. ■• Fiar notiiin;;, my swort Zoo." TVn, *ith 
6uIiIkJ Arnit, uid a tmilt^ of plvid r!«fiance, he pbri'J 

rup^ uid nttcriti^ ftltomatdy ■ cnrvc and > hkcap- 

■* B/ Polhu, Uus J1UMS ■ Jttt. Cnur, bov {km 
jroti iiuult DDu riiua?" 

^ A jiA F I km to vriiHM m» ft Jew on the-. SMMh. 
h\9tt\t you ; Fi>r lucli a jajt erf «yee I would Snvall 
tbe wUolv comtilftr btniEh, or I iboaM bt ft» inAcniifale 
Rs King FMaifiii*'« nuimia/.*' 

■'Oood Gixt. CjMrr " Mfd lUanrtu Cnliiu, intftr^ 
podiDjz; "you cjuinot ihmic ti irorih vMlo to got 
ft bm«] lor ■ liiilo Gmk gfrl ! " 

" WJ)/ iiul 7 The Orwk j^rb have mul mr ft< 
■X thooA of Home, Bod^Ih^ th4> wlicJc rqjiilftUsm of 
Mf (E^IUnlrj m ftt fttnlw. Give up tuci ft loteljT 
troinftn lo i\iM ftrunkcn t»^! M)' duuttcber wotiM 
fc> jtotj^ Jot *rer, N" rnf»r» [lerfimod uUvt*, full uf 
niwv ftijil rftfttunnT No mope turinn vitb Geije^iv 
It 1419 Cin-'ui. Ko Diora «v«iai>g %aXk9 mkmg Um 
Tflior. No moTv Iitdin^ iii cbwu, or junipliifE from 
ivindowi. I, tli« ft«N?iiri^ iuttor of bftU tbe nhUt 
^w m Rotim, could orvitr f^ln u^irr ftlmrfi a frml* 
Too M man »f gftllftntr^. and tlunJc of tucl 



I 





fAiOnXTS Ulf k SOIUSf tALK. 



16 



• thh^ I P«r iHante^ mj dc^r CtUu* E Dq not kt 
Ckxlm ti«r of it.*' 

Wliil« Oa»v Kpukv liv bad buco vngjapMl to kccf^hhg 
CUim w anuV longtli- TJio n^ of 0\9 ftuitle lib- 
■rtiaa Iscraawd a ^m «tnigH^ <ruEMinu«d, "SimkI 
w joa vrIua your lUb*" be crivd; " 1 will pek^x.** 
Not ihU my, iivroat Cloiliiu- I hftr«i u>a murb 
Ibr jou to vuflcr JTDU to nmkc lore ^t lucli Ui^ 
Linger You wi«U too oiDck of Fd«muui ai jir«» 
Would yoQ vUde jour iiiiitr«i«? IJy Hvrculoit 

tumUiitg homo bi tbo mointin^ from ;ba vimnoiK" ^ 
dodbn plti&xed Us b&nd into hin btttom, amiI drew 
1ii£j« dftg^, tbn fiuUit'iil CAmfMUiion of nuuiy iktf^r- 

adi«DtArM. 

«*Ob, tiod>r he ■ritllwmurtlmdr'* cried &W. 
Tliip whoh tbron^ of rnviaJIm was im a^tirtiun. Th« 
r£f«tt floctUKtvd w^ tOfche> «ni lUW bvndA. It vrw 
but tw a lamtMoiL CvMr u^at^hcd wiih m tttttdy oj« 
ttu» il«cendlng bttnd of Clodiuv arRMvd ihe tkl<rw, 
^Md bti ■nlntiiiMH by the thnwr, luid ^unj^ )um 
ttj^iiiat imp nf tiMi plUn of iIm* poriioo widi mich tkh 
kscv tbtt ba roU«L, Mwmnl tod Musvltn, 00 tb4 

ffOBIld. 

•* Hr n kiHuti;* L-ntd h-^t^l votcM. 
•• f^atf BellMlercM?e, by Herculwl'* e&id MaicOf 
Itv?. *■ Bmt wiUic«t jcni all Mir him dr»w hu 



I* U MM dttd — ha brtf«diftK" ia>d Li^riut. 
C«n7 liim ittio iJi« Iimlk; b* u (]n«4tijl1y bmiiv^' 
TlHf cvt «f Uitf party rHirrd wHIi Clodiu, Corfbu 

to CSMT. 

■ By ill tbo Qixb, C^toit you bar« won jow 
iO>.taPb. 



16 nUClVE3rT& OF A EOUAV TALX 

bd) liiirly. A «plcn(li4 victoiyl Tou ilcvnni 

" WhMt m m^min CIckIiiu W bnrmnc E " 

" Intulfnblr. Bui oonw uid »tip vhitli me on tb« 

Nooisw YoQ faitvi* no <ibjn:u<jn (u iUL'i<t Uw Onunil T " 

'^ Cicero 7 Nono ai oU. VVu need noi ulk poAitMs. 

Our oM dupuM alwut Plulo RmL Rpicnnis will fvniiiih 

Uft wiUi p)(-iLt_Y of oaiivirrMitknU 6^ FMrbon nginti tarn, 

CiuAf H-Tiil ZL«e tiini«*l aw&y, JU sooii u tbvj ynr% 
Wywd hcsjiiic ilic boKia bi graftt kjiitatioci : ^ 

" C«««rt yo<i «ra in duigvr. 1 knov ftlL I ov«^ 
lii«nl C^liliius «nil Ollivi^tu. Vcni ai« «ojpH^ In ft 
fvqfoet wliiob nnut Wl to cvrUun datfrodkni." 

** Mjr bcAutifbt Z4k% 1 Uw onlj^ for ^17 and |klcM- 
nr^ Fur tli«« f hftv« never Henteu^d to liuard ui 
viutonc* wlikk thty ■ton# nndrr i-«liuUite to mtu in 
Ilt« pnvmt cftn, J f«ii awuro vou ik*! <mr «ch«D« |irv- 

^* So muclx tjia vunw. Yi>a 1I& not knoiT^^'Ou dn 
out uiidunund fii& I »[^Ak not uf opw panl* bul iiT 
Nxnt CrcacLoy. CntilJrio ]^te« yoti i — Cetbqg^ 
tutmyMi; — )vur dofimdwn i* rafilml. [f jmusui^ 
\ivtt ilir coMwc, jou poriali in the lint boar nf victory, 
'flwjr ddCHit yoti fur jonr modcntiun ; —^ ihey «re ««iecv 
fur blood and plutidiur. J ]i«v« rialtwd my lilv Ui trtiig 
rau ilii* wATuiiic ; but tlua n uf Iktlv owowat. ^u»- 
«r«Jn~B«bMppr;" 

Cmmt rtofipwl Iwr, ** Di> jmi iy frcm m^ thanks 

"I w.iA not Ibr joor iLftnkH, but fod-^r^nir mIt^; — 
1 doaro Tv)i to df^mud V«L.-ri« nr SoarHIb of oa« 
au«B, «iiurt<id fixKu latitude or pitjr. B« vnj Gact 
nij[a nrlutt tlkvy awy, I hav* learnt in a frnHul tc}too 



I 

I 

I 
I 



nu'^umn or a ui^niN talk. 



It 



to mikati tmd lo icappctt« tUiEu 1 hart ham lAnfthr 
H abttiAC Jt proud Kptiit to tlte cUfu and huAfv of lliv 
Tidj^ir; — tfj ■mil'- ivTt fuiirm vhn uniUi-t tUe imuti* iff 
• d«BfKicaUc priilt to tliu i-mi««riD«!nt» of n ItMtliMiiu 
fi wfcl n co ; — to iffMl «prigbduM«i vitk ul acliln^ IomI* 
«id «79 thm whkh bmn «tiTv r«aJjr u* p^i ; *^ u» 
feign Urrc willi ctuwA om my lip«, and nudufiv in mjp 
Imq. Wba r«i'U lev mr any eMoon, — n/tj Cord^cw 
ttflMf WW will bIksI « Tnrow Iht- runrlAi flrm^-a 
mWv^ w£U fixin ^brJur from cnadt/ and nmrn lli« 
bnJtHa Itran fd' Uio poor Aih«ii4n ^d? But j^ih 
vJni hI"!!* hjiw ftddroBwd li«r in bcr dugcndatkm wUli 
I. Tvicit 1/ kiiuii^cv uid iwpoci, rAnwoll- ±>oineQUMt 
lUttk Hf OM. — BOl Willi onow ; — no ; I cuuld Uw*- 
jroar Ingntiiades bot not yiNir diitrcMi Vet, if it wilt 
nr4 pftin jroB tiM nubcli, £n ductuti ds^ when /our 
loftj- IkiftQi vid dfl*tini«B are ni^cr^mplinh^l, — en tbc 
OTwinfl of toma ttu|^ty VRtorj^,^in tiiv ohftjiol ot 
umm mNfcnificeul iriiimpU, — lliiult <iik onv who Iwntd 
nm Willi thai cxecedinf ioro »ludi oiil^- tW auMffvUo 
cum feci. Tfiiiik thftl, nli^^rvrar Iter «i]tti*uAi«d frmow 
ttnr lar« vatik boncaUi tliu tfeaiubiliiltv uf a turf-irvd 
^dril, — in wliatoviir Ixivcl or wliaicvcr milt dio mur 
iMTvd(«*d htT^yiv* — v1iaicim4tningeMionc« of Kt'T- 
pv vwl iK>]}»tMn may kan» nurMtndMl h«r dvln;; h^ 
yoait tha^tc wm llie la^ t llut Mwam l>i!Cbni hcv aif^Kl — 
f«nr «vic« iIm b^ bwnil lliat muh liiigiftg ia W wan. 
Tvi turn yotiT (hiFt! to oi«^ OoMir. Lot mv carry away 
fin« iMt itjok of tliLrt4 leatiBiM, aj^d ilimi ■— ' " tl*: 
terpnl nfundi Ifu kiolud 4t li«*. Hu ItJd iw facv om 
ba laiBHit, Hid hsnt into t^n. WtUi ^stv loni? whIi 
luvdi «m1 rauTuUvo oa iboM «f ft tdnficd cUld, hfr~ 
-Mvrcd ftirth on bcr lionan tbfr tHbuto of uapt^iTKiua 
md iMiaa«lnjtUti]« v(ncli«n. He taiavd lufl bW; bal 




ntA^iuByrft or a mitKS taul 

hfl <» vvn ixniCQ3;l«l ta rettare «i>TE]]v>iiin^ to lh» nrrtw 
wkk'b li*(l coiiffDfLied lli» frown of Svllm »n<i iliv lifn 
which bad ri^«llud ihv ^loqnuictt of Cicvnx lie wcfv- 
<til twiM tnomptod to *pc«k, bar in vn'm x »nA liii 
vofe« itlll &1ttr«d wiili uoidemofH, whwi, aiWr a pi 
•f Btvcnit minutes he thiu ftdtbuML-d her i 

*' Mf own iLrftT Zoo, y<WP loTr h»* ha^t\ hi^Mo-wr-A S 
ofi0 »hi>, if h* cannot infrrit, CAft Ht lit»t aiiiirr^tBt^j 
■net .tdoTv yoo, H^^nj^i of nmilAr bv«lin<«A. oiul nn»> 
l«r <lvroMiKM of «ll«ctun, nunglwl, in all my b<rmli 
Avsmi <if ip'tii^imwii with viwmi of cunil« chain vmI 
mry can, nunbttlJcd hifpnfu uid UiKvlkd £»<**«. 
9nck I liftTi» endeavored tti Aiid i« ihe w<irld : and. hi 
ihnr stnd, I hare owe with MlHAlmi^s vrith i-aailj*, 
fritli fnTO&lY, witli b1«tfhoo(L Tim life whidi ym 
Imv^ frvnenW l» a boom Ion valuaMo tTmo lh« allfo* 
tion '* 

'MHi! ('flwar." inUrmptM Uiablfuhing Ko«t,"lbmfc 
nnlj* on yar own Hscjuity «t pravpnl. If wa f«i ai 
jooi ipcoJc, -- bvl rott aftr onij- mcckbg: ma, — or pcf^ 
ha{M joor fempaA^ " 

" By Hmvtn I — hj ewfr oadi tLat ia btndini: — — '* 

^Alajil ilaal Oa^Mr, wrrv not all Ihn mat» tmtht 
fwom yenUviky to Valom? But I wiQ trmt ycHi. at 
luaat «o lar n to parlako jrour pramt danifOT. Plaint 
nuybenocaiMrT:->-lbriB^ir ptim. lie tlwy wW 
dwy DUijr< Uiaiv k mM who, in (Kcile, in porcflyt in 
|wril. »lcft<inlj to wiacUr. to bv^, bn lUo with jou." 

" Uj &kt, I do net utJcipaM any nidi VKOmty, 
To noowttf« tlio oonfk^y wiik<mt rcnouneini^ ihe 
pirio(*i|iilC9 oa whieh il wa* nrijKinully ifndfraken, — ' >■> 
^lD l» Oir wii;s«ancv of dw Sfinjua wrthoitt loMvng ilw 
cwnfiikiice oC the people. -^ b, iialcecL mi ■rdoow, buf 
not an impmibla, Uik, I owe it to nyvolf uwl i<o my 






J 



nUOUUr» or A »>4AX TALK 



10 



riMMTT lo make llie tfUanpl. There iv M>f\ an^ik 
(fine ^ cfimiiicnlion. At prtamt f «n too 'iiri*>' ^" 
I0V17 to think nf aralMtintt or dutgcr." 

Tluy liftd n«GJi«4 thv door of a ttftuly pafac-n 
C«iaT vtrack it. It wv> iitkiantlv upeneil tv a »Jit9. 
^ &KUid hundf In « nutgiufiDcnt Imll, Mirroui^dod I7 
^Uji of grwn m&rblOi botwecn which wore rto^^' 
■ho Mmlun c€ tbc luaj; linv uf JiiUvi QcbtcB, 

» Call Krtdvmiiin," luid OiiiiMur, 

Tbe e«ofifl«nti*] frvod-u^n made lib BpficHra/t<«, tipot 
wiUmut s ilijE^t tnitltf, which hi* pftEroti'a jciuil imtare 
HnlmldvtMil liiia lo lia^id, At p<^rcoivbig ifiij bcwitHcil 
Atbsnniu 

" Arm toy iiftvv&, Bedytnkni ; llicrv orv mwoM Ibr 
l«V!CMdioa. L«t ihon relie^'c c«ch otli» on guard jur- 
ii^ ikif niajit. Zoot mj Ioti.% niv proscrvcr* whjr JU9 
jFnur d»aln ^ f«Ic ? Let me kiM •ome Uc«ai into 
tbroi How fou irvrnb^ I BndvniifW, a 1U>1c <if 8^ 
aiui «nd >aoe fhiiL Bntift dwm tb mr iLp*rt>Q«filft, 



ON THE ROTAL SOCIETT OF LlTEttATCRK 

<KtijMM QMTfir^ MffHlm^ Jut U0.| 

Tmcb i« iIm af^ of «oci«CKM. Tli«n> u ««njrwJy 0C4 
BiiiiljBLtiiBi] ia ten uto has not bL-l<qi;;ad lu nni9 ttfo 
euition far clktritiuiia^ boolu, or for pmHTUIini; ihem . 
Tot Miiding inTalEdf ti iKo hiMplt«]. 'tr b^*gnn( lo tb^ 
IrwdmUl i for prin^ p1ni« 10 di« rich or Uaak<Cft to 
lh(* I'uur. Ti> be tbr nKMt ftbdiint ituitiuiliiiQ uncntc m 
iruny iii9itJUJt>om U nn uraaJI t^rtinclion; it noi'iaii, 
liAMmnf-t to belonj; indiipiubl^ Ui t>»« R<tf :it Soneij of 
Littnturc At ibo ftrM ufttaUUhukoat of Uiat Hilteo 
lom ftAdumjr, vei^ ft*nuU» mn pradictwl lliai, in 
ij>t1» of n^l fifttramgo iitd opwcopal nMniipniMnc, it 
vonlddn notltinp. «r 4o liftna. An<) It will Kuedj 
btf d(iii««l tbst tlMMA ezpvcuttotts bftve I^Uiato been 
blfiSiyl. 

I do not aIIatIl tbn Cmindm</ ih^ ituixMtJoiii. Thm 
fliMWclen are mipvctAbt? ; tUiiir molivis^ I nm villing 
lo bdiei^ woro kudaUo. Bui 1 iod, and it b limdnt^ 
■f ovary Eitoruy auri to EMi ft fttroiig j«tt]i»iy of t\ttir 
l^yij u eJinyi. IVitr mriutj c«a bo bnocvnt otiljr wUilo 
It ooitiititu* to bo dft^Dcablc Sbo<aUtb«jr«wpomv 
tbo pow«r lo «ficoiBnfre raertti tbej moM »W pawm 
iIm power to df^rcAd it. Wbich |>nvnrr will be mon 
ftoqucnilf Atorcnad, Jot «vvry ntm who ban Mudivd tie- 
Mwj Uatory, lei nrecy uno wbo liw ititdM Iuubu 



m 



I 



gjJ niK IWVAt AOCIKTT OF LrTEaATtniB 



21 



Eavy and &ciioa imiomid iti^oBittlviM into all con* 
Minitiip-. T\vuy otUm dulorb Uw pcoce^ And pcmeM 
ibv dvciflunt, dt bvno^'oUot and fcioDlilic sMooUiiottt. 
Bai ii m m tiurary ftcadamlofl tfadU th«j exert the moeit 
ncNitflvfi And pCRudouA inilEi(-ncp. Tn iKc ^m plAri\ 
Ike pnnafJes of litcnuj cnticum, tkoti^b eqciAllj ^xv4 
mjik ihMt> an wlijch ibv checiiul and the auijfcaD pr^ 
c«bJ, w bj iw Bttitf ei|UAl]^ nacsogniscd- Mon an 
fUttSjr abkt U> mwgn a rawon fov Umot approbgitjuu or 
dtflAa on ^iM»t«Dni uf Ubic ; luid tburcTore ^c^ wilHa^ 
1^ mboul Eo an; pudo wlio boMlj* ausrla )i1b cUun lo 
wqmior dlnerjuimrLt. It h mure dUBcah to 4aoendfl 
iDii c«tabUa)i tbe nicriu <if a poem tliaa tho powi-n of a 
oBrhimt or Oi«t btriw^u nia> ii««r nunody. H«ica It U 
■n hi«aUur«t t^t qv^i^krr; is rnont eaiilv pufii^, and 
onilnnioa nftcxl nuuly dt'cricd. 

Ta wiiaa dagriM tJi*» HrguiiMii aji|>liu to acad«zi^si 
rf tbe fina arts ) nod it ts fbUjr ofudimMcl by all that 1 
nara owr heard of Uiat insiimtiou trhi«b AAimally dii- 
Ajrom tlw vbUh of StJUkcnet-Hoote tHiU nn acre of 
^loQod caKTaai, Bat n litomry tribunal is incomfAHP- 
bly mora dannffriM*. Oi\wt aiicictwft, nl UaaI, hare no 
liWAtc}^ to calJ lortb anj opiniona iw Uiote luli^eeu 
vbicb moeX a^lat« and bfbiao tho mind* of taxn, 
TW accfftic and tbe aaalot« tbu nvoluEJtjititt aiid tJt« 
ph f y ia a i, moci an cottunon groiuul in a gaUwj- uf 
ft'fUtTp or a laboratory of iciencf^. Tboy can prnke 
m ttciaan vitlknul rdamncc to tbe difi«reiwi» which 
ratt b«tw«sn Oirm. In a llvonry body tliu oan tieva 
bo tha CAM. Liivmtare u, and a]way* tawl be, in 
laiWKUy ldand«d iriih poiitica and thoojogy i it i« lb« 
ma a^:iin vlikh mo* «« tita favUn^ of n pec^v m 
eJi'< min tooouBtmn <piaMiona. It Iai ihvnforo, itnpo^ 
Mm thai any ittcJwty ««ii b« fennod lo in^a^l aJi i« 



^■a 



SS ox TnC KOTAI, SUCICTT TV (.ITKUTIKL 



ii ufl 

tthflB 



I 



iKRinder llic liEcmy cborttcUToTan individual nLoin^^tcd 
ftwn tim opiuioTia which liU uritnigt trii-tik^ir. U 

ntit to he 1ing>C{l« jirrhn^it U id tiut to It? ftr^ll^d. ibsi 
t'tfliup iif th(» man tbauM br mi oompitii-ly farfftAUak 
in l1i» diiti^ or tiM ac«d«unctftiu Tlw oon4<«|tt<' 
Uif vvtduiil, Tli« liQiuiun and cvntutw nd* iJiU ^lo; 
cltamVff c>f ilw Mii3U» inB 1m ftw&rdci] Kccorrlir.^ l^ 
iLe pnjwliK« of iho jxuiiciiJiu- ic«t or ^tion iiiikA 
Dujr It tbe tirijo pv^omiofttv. A\lirp irould mivM 
■gi^iut ft SotiEh;^, Tories ft^imi a Byran. Tb«« 
«ho isiglit ai first pnilot a^tiaI ^ch condoct in 
tmjtut nxniid MKm ft'lopt it un the ple« Cff rHiiliaikun ; 
4Tid tliA grtiwroJ jtnod of lilrrnnirO} for wtiicli Oic lociH; 
VM j>rofrB«Mid|jf in*tliuU"d, would b« for^icii id 1I10 
itfroii(«r cUum o( |><^iiciil and religious jwrluility. 

Yrt ovvn tkis v duI the went. S1iou!d tbo tnMirt»* 
tion «^'(7 nrijtiini unj InSiMi^o^^ It t« tD oiford moM pcr- 
Didoufl ^cilitiitf to cvrry nuUjCi^Dt orrrarJ wlw m«y 
dam to 1ilt;it ft ftpiitaiic^ti wliirji he cnvi«*. It will ■ 
ftirolflli ft wrturfl fttnlHi4c*dr, Whind tkhkli ili^ Mftrnotii 
fif Utftmtore mftr lake ft ^rcrtaln and duftdtjr aim. 'Hi^ 
n^Uirkl tft l«« oft«n b(ifi» fltral co mng tz^'ft*! 

though &IT lh« wudd know* tli;il It i» ''r^tv n rmtn '4 ^ 
«p4<fc4ia v«ry dfton umpkiyvd l>v ■ itn^I^ mvly blovk- | 
hfud. Hic iiCftidvmic iiy wiofnld luirc a Oir ^n-cator anrl 
uiort niii»nu influence* }fiim1>'*rB. vrltllf.' i1]«y tiv- 
erfttftvd the etfbcl, wotild diminiili lh^ i1>iiniis of rn* 
jiutjcc. THi} odraniftgi^A of itii ^f^fi and eIioao of tn 
■ncmyaint^ attftck wcthM be cdmbincd ; >&d tbe ftti- 
thmilj ol ftrowftl would bn tuutnd ti> tha sennitj ol 
ttmcOftbneciL Th« *cri>«nCi in Vir^H!, afl«r ifwy |»d 
^^wtrv^Tftd l«ftovo5n, AHU>d an aMrlum froiTD I]iq tvh- 
ge^mco of tlw etrngcd peoplft bfthind the iJuuid oTtks 
itatuc of Hiii«rvft. And, In tlw «une nMnmr, avwy 



I 



ox itw kCiTAL sociifrr ur urtiuiuKfr 



)S 



fvi biB^ And orrc«7 Ihing i3iHt am idag, wiaU l«ka 
(UHTtuttry ifi thfi itKyMKA of tKi» new tnnfiu df n^Mloon. 

Tbo Fn-ocJi kkIohj nns, of aU «aoli AMqcialkiitA, 
lJi0 mvi widvly muiI tbo tnoM jtutly cdetmCocL It 
mm* fiMniM hy lUe giyaloM of miaitUa s il wu ]mu 
ni^Md hf luoinuivu Un^i it aomlNred in iu Itibi 
ao« of iba «nunc9]E FVuiich Trritcm, Yot wbat bcnclii 
b Htenture dorivml froiti iu InlMiiirA? ^Tlial It tu 
bbtoty but cm vwUikiTupicd record ot «tirvik coatnpU' 
VWMn — (if policy trtiftcru — of deadly qiinrrcU — ' cf 
pvriUkrui inttMtkiti? WliMlier j^vi>mi^ by iW 
Coqrt, hw ihi* Sorbormv, or by the t'bUuioplicr^ il wm 
■Ivsjv flqually powwful for «vQ, and equally uiijiUvm 
ftr piod. I tnli^t tfi«»k oF itw attacks ly vIjtcIi ti 
tftemptcd to tlcfirMi the riuiig fiuno of Cufnulllo i I 
ai^ii wps9k of tbc nfii^ianci- vriib wkicb ii ga^'c &t 
Unlj dnnfiraMtlon to tke applauMa wUdi iIm wKi)I» 
riTiliuvl woHd hud hntr.itfDd rm ^o geixicu of Voltains 
I tait^ii pnw* by ovtqrwlioliiuiig i>vidiiK« thdt, tft iW 
taAal period of iu •lld■fnc■^ ei'cu undvr tJw itrjjoni^ 
t^aidoKa of lh« alUaef^iojilblifHl D'Alraubortf il coit* 
ibrofd lo btf a «c«noof iIj^^ fivrvwt miuiwMitiw and ilw 
hMisd failrtpiaa. I migkl cite PiJCiiV t^ignmit anil 
Hannoolid'A mnnjur^ and Montt^iiRti'i lifters. But 
J >>*AT«n 09 to anM^er lepoc. 

One <£ ibo iDodm by wharh oar Society propMca ttt 
nu^uuivgii iiMrit £a ih« di^lrtfiitiirin of priMM. Tba 
HMiiic««wo of tbe IxfiK U*--* eniUrd it to nller iR 
aiMUkl pr«iiijum of a luiDdr^ g;uirvtw> tbr tho beat 
iMT fca pVQMt aiid axinih^ vf llfly fEulnciu for tbi 
Mtt pom, wbicb oiay U rmntniitiiMl to \u Thia a 
rm lao^babAo. In tho fina pSteo tbo judgcc auy onr, 
IVm iwriifacliOfii 1/ boaiui lOt^lUct to vhick u 



fe 



^1 AN mi£ IIDT4L fifKirr T or unuun'aiL 

UiQ ArltcW of tho rharcK ti.<ll tM, ^v^ru ft«n«nJ councDl 
uv ^ab^Bct iiAy pusully bo ibuod even in tli« Uoyal 
Socwtj uf Lit<Tslurtt. Tlw Krwwb undimty, 9* J 
hfivu &lrv«djr ttid. wiu tli« moftt iUuiViow «m«iuLJ/ of 
iltc kuii, and nnmbcred unon^ ittaettociBCa men xnufli 
more diMln^uiiliixl ilinn nvcr vill tttcntbU ftt Mr 
HftTcluknTft to niniuai^ tli« box <if Ike BngU^ S^ 
^w^. Yet Uiii IknKitit IkkIv i^tc a fHvticttJ [>n«^ fbf 
wkicb Voltairr vtaji a raiii)idAti>, to a follcvr vfUa wrot# 
icnM verwn ibmit CA« /ruz^n .ihi/ du burning jtvU* 

YeC, Knuiliiitf Uiai iJio ]>run n«tfc dwajs ftvrudcil 
li> tba bwl comptnidoD, Uax c<:^ii|>o*iikin, I nj vitkoui 
bashallon, will alw»/fc be bad. A |iru« poem is likv n 
prbu dbrcp. Hiv uh^oct of ibc ooiBpoiit£r Ant tbc a^rv 
CQlttml pnoiuiun » to produce ut aTiinwl fit, not to b» 
MUn, fact to bv wM|;}ieiL Accrmlini-I/ h« punpm 
Us Ticiini tuio moriiid nod unonliBrMi &liicv ; uid, 
«rb«n il » in utch a jil«to tlief it Hwiid ba *«ril anrt^ 
in disjiatt from miy t^bk, lie olF«n h W Uw juJiEvi 
Tho otjoct ut' tUe poolicB] cojididala, ia lik# inuiittr. 
b to pnxlucot no4 > good povei* but t pown of llmi 
cttci d(^iT«c of ftifciditj or borabut wbkb &w^ spp^v 
to im cctiMn to bo correct or nibliakis CompDoitJon* 
tbu« coiMtnicU^ will thraja be wortUoM. Tbe few ^ 
ttCCdllcAMi wbifb tlwv niAT conUin wiO bftve vi orotic | 
^ect uid lUvour. hi ^iirnj, pnu diotfi ftM fcoocl 
li>r imdung but Ut nuk« ulluw «Mvibs«t uad print ^ 
[tonn« are i^pod dr notliin^ but to li^l ihon. H 

The nnt mlgvci pr^Kwid hy tli* SonMy lo tb« po«ia ^ 
d* En^lftod WM DsiUnoor. I tboii|;bt ibit tbey iiw 
londul ft curcrt lareium ai tbdr omi profectk Th««r 
irutjuidon tt^Aft a Ittvrvy Damaoor achctiMj — apkn 
fer fofcin^ IaEo cullit&ban tbo wiftlo Unb of initDoeli 
^-fi>r niaing povUcal pmdiic«> hy MMIM Af bouiit>«, 



I 



OK TU SUTAL tOOETi OT LmUATVBK 



tt 



Ipob ttsi toA mMgnt to bftVA yinMed ftny retuns in Ui4 
lutunl coume ti lit^np, TIia plin ri>r t1i« cvtlltratimi 
«f DHrtnoor luu,I iHar, bwti ft1nnt]ociv<L I lic^itf thit 
iht* om;^ bo «i> wn«iL of tliQ &tv of die Sorict^. 

f :i odbring &r tK.-(-cra) ytnn iht; t^mtHa vli>(!|i 

tl.v .. -^ jibrtd At tKfar di^^o^i ^n^t hint? not, aa fti 
M I oao Imhi, U«n Able to Rntj in tb^r boy one cotn* 
Hwition which (h^ Iluvr drf3n«cl wr^rthy n\' publicjl- 
bon. At l«ut rii> piibbcation 1ia^ uk^n pl^^c^ Tho 
laoetttw tntv perfttpt bo «!itf)m?}KHl aL llii«. Dut I 
viU attMnfit to explain it, nfW tbe nuuuier o!' Ai>doal 
time*, hy Q»Aiki of ut A{po)og:utf. 

About fbcir tnuidnid ytmrt uAit tlw dclttfe. King 
GnmfT Cb<Tih<?TUod rrignwl in Itali^loa. lie united 
ftll lli« clnnifl0ri«ti(« of an «<Nri'IWvit BOveivtj*n. Ho 
maiiff good bwi^ won |rn«C bftlt]«9^ and whitcow^bod 
lqQ|r tfUvota. Ho waxf Iti <!om#qii(>(;;-r, idoHlvd b^ ha* 
peofltt. nd puw^yrunl by moiiy poets ajiil onton, 
A book wai tbon a Huii>u> uiid#rtakini^. Ncl:)ivi 
paper nor aaj tanular inatenAl had bcvix uiveiM«di 
Anthg» wen tbt^vfiJiti uiii1«t tlic necv«tty of litKcrib* 
big tibdr eont|*(Pltini«> na mai^tvc bnrk-v, .Come of 
Balijrlonkn reoonii ai^ aliU |frf-4.'rvKl in Euri> 
■uubetam} but tL« kn^jfiiAjze m wbbh tb«/ am 
vtitMn tia* iNv«r l)'?*^! d^vijiiHJ^vJ. Gomrr Cliv- 
p b nt ^ al ra«vo iKipvhir tbjit tbts clav of ull llii; pluioi 
round tba Kopliratcn «o»Jd fcaroely fumitb bHck^Liloi 
«vonfi1i (or hJs foloj^ata. It b rocKTdvd Iti parlic&lar 
iW PlarOnenKT, tbv Amynan rtmlar, ptiblUbcd a 

Omi daj the IeEhi; waj^ F^lf*pr ^^^ >^te ^i& bn ^«1a« 
IB tba lanple of Beltii. Ilmrinjc ih» piroceufon h vrai 
4vftd br anv tUhrluiuan to oHb- tny petition or m^ 



1 



I 



S6 OV THE kOTAL SOaETT OP UTBUTCSK 

fwtjoii to tufl BOTenagn. A« Ike Atuitti pas m d Ufm 
n vintner'* vhup. a l>u!g<* oaai}«]ij> HjJ9«iitutly IivU^ 
dnwk, ssUlicii f^ni into tlw uivH t and <iiic ctf ilicm 
ibun HlilreaMi] lU« king : 

■* fiDm«r ClwpkornoiJ, lire for CTcrl It ftppvars t4 
Ifaj Mvranifl llui of «ll tbo pnMfaicckfftf of iho obtUIh' 
|Qod W(ii« b Ibe bt«1« BtiJ bui wine u ibe wont. 
Qood wiiL< maka tliu ic«tt cli«crful, Uic cjroi bri^kt, 
iUn vpvedi rvady* lU^l wiu« conftuM Ui« bud, di^ 
ardcn ibo vIooibcIu uuUum u* <jaMTbUucuv ut iiiglUt 
■nd tick tlie ntxE momliig. Now tbonfcr* l«t my 
lord Uie kifig uko ordiir thM ihy »wu:il^ ciav driuk 

good W11W-." 

»Aivl }wv IM Uiu to b« dcm#?" )«id di« good- 
iiatunsl ]>riTtre. 

'* Uti, Kii^," uid hU monitor, " llik ii mooA ovj-. 
L«t ilvff king nuik* n dtforv«t aiii »^ it wUii bi» ni}«] 
■tgnvc : and let it be prockinivd tliit tiict kinf; will prt 
ten alifM mc , RZt4 U«i «|jivas and wn chtuifM of rai- 
iBttii, eveiv jrVBT, Qmo tLo mui «vLa tdiaU nMk« uo 
nMamDW d^ iW boKt wine And wbotocver vmhe* fiv 
til* «lio-«uoi, and tbo ulavm, nmt ibo raiisnttt lot liilD 
wnd Ui9 t«Q oWMBura of wiD« |i> tb)^ vrrraiite, and vr« 
wilJ drink llwreof aad judgu. So shall Um br Mwsb^ 
good wtna in AwjHil*" f 

Tha prcgecl pkHod Onns Ckeplnnod. » Be it 
*>,** Mid he TIhj pQOftb «b(HiCc<L Tht peciikmn^ 
prostrated tluwu^Evw En gratitude. Tb« ea&io oii^l 
boilds w<n dopaicbrd to bear the uiiulIi|Z«nco lo Uia^ 
l«BiOM«t dixlricu oT A«7na. S 

After a doe interval tJia viftca bopin to rone itki 
■nd l)r< oxamiiier» anvml>v«d lo adjudge the prm 
Jlw finl vMMil wai aoMaled. lu odvor wai neb 
dUkt tb« judps. witlwait lastiog H, protooojicad ttoanl 



A 



J 



ox riu: KOTAL »ocfK:ir of uTUUTimi s* 

oocidccniifttaon. Tfu ne:Et wu opened t b )ii(l a 
nlUtoow tuu-.of ekr. TJiu thirH wikA sour ^ud lajud. 

aOtftlMTr, till «t 1«nfllht Id «tsoLxitL* muAni* iboy giiv» itp 
lb* JDWtlif^tion. 

Xlie tMJki launiiug tJM:>' «Ii Kwcmbknl Mt tbu ^aUr of 
tbo kintf. vilh f«lu facui and Killing beaiU Thcv^ 
inn»d tlui Oig^ cwulil i»t reconimcikd any ccfopctitor 
•s wnrlhj- nf thd niwanb^ TUoy nrare that tlic wttia 
WW UuJc boucf llioa pQi^m, end mtrcfttBd pcrm iw ion 
te mij^D t^ office d' dtfciilifig between mi<4i dt-irstftb^ 
BOtionB* 

"Iti iW iuim» of ll«ltu, liow cm Uui Ivre hii|> 
fOMdJ" ml die kiu^. 

•botti iLo wurvr oif iLu G<xU at the tolbnubn Bhoivn to 
& AKci of ifii|rtoiu licrcAioi u'bo Ate pi^^ram broilvil, 
" irlien«i,'*^Ai'i U«, " our n^jgion cr>mpi>ndH u« to ««1 
Uwtti rantf«l. Kow iJii-r«ft>n^>^ eli Ein^," continved 
ihit f«epactable diviw^ ^^ ^if e co«a«iVHt to thjr idoi of 
■mr, utfl l«l (htiu sBkito tbtf dltnb«dleDt pea]il« widi 
tim sirord. iban. and thdr vrirvB. and divir childnu. 
and let tlwir lumai, and tbdr Socks ^'^^ tb<^ liofdh 
b- ffivm Uf tHr strraitu ibo prloMe. Tbon aball the 
luid riM it4 incrcttbe, and ilm &tuid of ibr oaitli shftll 
bn no mom blMfd by ibo v^ngi^ucw of Imrciii,*' 

■^Na^.^iBid tbe Kiii^, ^tW ^^»tid Lm uiidirr bo 
g^mrwl cuiM froni licovcin. Tbv seatfon Ima bc^CD 
•b^nkH/ gocxU Tl>v win* vliicb Ihoai diiLit ibjweU 
dank aL tL< baM|uol a Bsw n^^U epii ob v^wraU* 
W<^n?rbamr_ waa of tU» yov'* vinlage. Dwt tlivu 
vtt ranumbcr !»ow tJioo illdii [tnise it? Ii «m tlw 
mmm aigUt iluu iiio«i vKkt nqiKd bj Belu*, and ditlvt 
rvd to anJ in\ mm\ ilttcemnc **cmi mintcritt. Tbew 




26 




OK Tin horxL socirrr or unuuitm^ 



Utiagii Arc too bftrd 1^ mo. I ctnotpniheai tlmn iMl. 
l"^* on\y ^nn wki^ ii bul ii that wbidi i> «rnl to 
IDV ju%ini. Who evi eTiHniml Uih to i» ? 

Tho )diij{ icnlfhixl hii hi-ad. Upuu which ftJ] Ili4 

ilo thm ortlerad prcx-lAinadoQ lo bv nftdo, tWl ■ 
pnr|tlu robe Aiid t g<kldcn cbain shoulil bt ^*«ti Ui tbt 
i[»i> wlio could tolvc llii« iliHtciil^- 

Aa old pldlMopW, wlio b«cl boon oUort^d to flujle 
Tftlfaer dbdunliillr irli^n tli^ prtM hnd timt lient tnilW 
Intod, tuiw fi>rward >ad ft)Hth« iJ^w : — 

*^ Qomer ClicpliowHU live for vrvr I M«rrc] rwl it 
tint wUch bM hapficntfd. El wm no nurult, but a 
iiftUird «vein. How could It hm odierwiw? It Ji him 
that moidi good wmtf hw l)oon made dm year. But 
vho woidd tmA it m t^ir thy reward* t Thm )atam- 
«C Aacobamch vbfr haih ili« jn>*t T tn a ^a id a in tba 
lurtbf and CohahinMh who jimdHh vnnn orvrjr year 
fi^rtm ilio MttXh nvor tho P«nian ^ill'- Thear vtIdm an 
>u dvlkiuuH ilul ten measiuw thereoT are aold lor an 
hnndjvd lakiiti of tiWtsr. Ttiink<«t iJiou iknt tbcy 
init tixvhange thorn Ibr tby tUvm and tbuio wmta^ 
What wotdd thy prbc profit any wbo bare nur^yatdi 
InridiuaUr* 

**mio ihm/' add one of cba jodf;*^ "are the 
arreccbea who vent a$ (hui pcatoK?" 

" Wame theaa Aot." mid Om bbk^ " MtJng that roif 
ha*a beofi iIm auUioci of the eriL Thoy am nm 
wbwe Unib ara poor, ai>d haro n«rer yieUed ihem 
taj rausni a^ual to the priaee wUch Um king pr^ 
poae^ Wherdore, knowing; thai the toc^ af tlia fhik 
Ad Tmoy a idi woold i>et enur bso cooipftition with 
tbottt lirtf plaatcd vums, loino on wk%, vid mne 
to ti^t MAdy aoilf and •ocna ia deap okj. Il«ne« 



1 



OK Tm ftOTAU Aociirrr op LrrEUTCRi: 



Sli 



ihrir wfiMB ire luud. Pnr no c^Uui« or rvwnrd <*iJ. 
inttk<» bima tmnd hv*r Kood vines. Know Utrrolnrti, 
MsctT«dtjrt Ukj.L voLir pnu« havi* incrmMcl itn 4ti«ntJtjr 
of bad bu-i not uf {^ovd wbusb" 

'^>«3QWM«l<m^llkncl^ At loigUi thr king icpohcv 
* Givi« hini the {niq>fe robs anil (lie c^hiti of f^ulrl 
TKmw tba wum into the BcfAiiata; uid prockini 
diM tb« Royii Social/ <tf WiiMi it diMolv«d" 



SCENES FROU - ATHENIAN REVEL&' 



k 



I. 

So, jon yo«ng reprolMCfl I Yoa mu«t 1w ft nun 
4it, fbrwotlh ftikd a nmt of qvtlitjr t Vou aiutt ii^mJ 
«■ if jou w«nr u rkh m Nbcuo, v»l pivte u if ^-ou 
wore u wivB «» I'vricJdil Vou ttiut ikuglo aflw 
xiphUiv i4»d pTQiiy woicm ! And I ami [>ar for tU * 
1 tmtti 9U{j cfft Uithm and <iiuoiu« wtillo rou arc nwiil 
lowing thnnhn mnd lura ! 1 miut drink water, thai 
yoii ntfty |iUjr Uic^ colubu* ' wflh Clu«n mne I I mnti 
irandiT ijtotit a« raj^gnl as Paavin,* tlial you may be 
BA liTio ft* AlrlLudrs ! J uiutt IJr On ban> iKvnK witli 
» HLuno t fur niv |MlJ"ii*t tivl « nrtuvi niai br toy ctyr^w 
lid. br tiM li|[ht cf A wrvldivd wfokiiifK Jump, while 
you aTQ iiutfc)iiiig m lUIo, witli »■ mnny torcbf* u 
flTi4> MNM at \\iiB fissi of CefUi. to tlittiidvr witli your 

t riif imiiihiiahriltiiairtMl 
irt<M.M 



d 



Aftli^l' al tlio doon <iir tulf Uwi Ionian laill«e ii 
Wliv, tliiM vnTMtfombltt old nuuiJ Thoa iimoI 

«4UimPRib 

t7D£nti;''iiI vrrvlch ; ihnr voQ (lillt «o? An jxm rnA 



Bedovf Would Ijjat il Imd Gdlvn ou bli la^l fur 

■ »■* !* > 

BatKioallr ! You aoAu^uj joiinj{ Mophut I I will 
uik Mumallf. Do jron koow that 1 »m ymr Iklker ? 
WiMi qoiUklt cui fou nmkff ayua (list ? 



Do I know thftt vod am mr Hither? Lot us uktf 
ill* <pcflMn to pEWCA, il: Xldt^gcncn would aay. 
Flnti ihrtl, wo mn^ mqii^rr whiil b knftmliHl^i? ? 
^HMwHjf wittt is ft ftthcr? N.>w, knowlMlgf, M 
BoenlM «ud the other d*j to TbeAtc4i»,**^» 



tt 



SCUCIS ViOkl "iTUEXUX AKraA* 



cAiAinMxri 



trlio w&Iki 9,hca\ all tUy UtHcx^c, »nd ALchoi ckal 
■nd iBanrN gnaUf wid sbous ' dt-on vrftli whx 7 



AJI fl«tkiQ 1 All tnuap^ tip hj Amttiphxttml 



taudinw*. 



B5 Pollttt, ir liD IB it] Uie liftlttt of pullliif; ftho«* 
hu ^cAir, lig in kindi^ 10 thinB thftn I0 himiclf. B 
Iblou to mts boj ; if you go on in tkia wfty, yoa will 
be tu[D«L Thtrv » ui trpunoit for rou. Go la your 
SontlM ^n6 yimr ^To1f4isf«lc«, And id) them to rcAU 
Uiftt Ruined I Do jno 1)MrT 




Raunedl 

Ay> liy Joplutr ! Is mtfh a ibow u yoa make lo bo 
iuppOTtfd on Tiothmj^T l>iiriiif; rII the last «v« T 
iBoJo not an nivil from ny bm { llir P<^pcmnMUJft 
loratu cmnn slmmt «« Teg«}«dj M tkfi Plelado* ; 
«aro boinjt; — olir« tfnfip««l i— Iruit trMa cut donni 
— Wtfib itoppvd ujk : — tUid, jiut wlwn p«u* «aisa» 
■nd 1 hopvd ih»X all wimM totii oot vntlU yoa mtiM 
bfd to ifwid aa iT jtni bad dl the miDci of Hiona 
ilnnwBaiid- 



Noir, by Ke^ntsBQ, who iMigliU in bonca <^* 






If NeplOQO deUf^fA in h<Yr>s» bu doM ivri 




w&nt mm "atbexux viEfn^- 



W 



■i^ V^m miut ridu mi tbo FftimtkenoMi vn n bone Gt 
Kir Uio great kln^ : i^'ur acrw of ray be^l vuiut ir^tite 
Ibr tLftt fuUy* Tuu juuiii fvUVDcUi <ir yuu vifl Luvc 
ttotliing to cat. Doc* not Anuugpaiu mcalioiii among 
lat other discovorio, that -mhm a i&tn ba» uxhin^ m 

Yvu Mv (bcdvod- Mj IHttoib — - 

Ob. j«! yottf frluiKb will Duitc« yoti, doubtJoM, 
«lNfi jMi orv i^ucoiuig iLroqgb tlic crowd, on a win* 
Mr'* day, w wnnn joivKlf ai iho fire <jf tlw toh* ; — 
M wiieo jcMi An figlitanjc vfitK b^gi^rt And bff^rs' 
dog* |iir ihc Mmpi ot^ a Riu'rificc;— or when joa orv 
gM to«Kra titfw wivtcLfd obi-U > b^ Itttwng oJl dor 
tQ l/ing; ipwdNB and ciying duJdreii. 

Tbcn af« Mbcr mcoiti of »uj>pori- 



fLti.iiiKvrt. 



Wbkt? I Hn{t{f>^ yiM will candor Itura bonta tc 
like tint wnurbod bdtoi Plulij^pua^uid bfg 
twdy irlko iiwi ojtkod a viqipcr'ifarty to b« i« kind 
to &cd jrou and Uiogli At vvu ; or r«u will turn «yi> 
ofihaiiti jcm trill giH a bnnca uf i^ixo, or a pair (if 
abaa^ iiow and thnt, by ^^Ulfflirtg ftomc neb cow- 
vd with a mock ^Tronctition. WiJI t ihot l« a iwk 
lot wiikb yxiur adudio* under tbe sopliiiu maj bav« 

fitl«d JVd- 



T011 oro wid« of tlio nni^ 



94 5czn3 ncciu *Aniij(Upr rkviu." 



I 



Thtti vhiU in thtr D&me of Junt\ ^ jrmr sclmnel 
Do jtxL intfud to jixn f>r»i«-i, ^ ajid roll on the hif:]»- 
WA7? T>lnk^«xf>; bMrira of tK<» Hrvon ; * bp^nwcf 
llw liemlwL It TOajr be T^ry i^rawint to Jii* U oih« fl 
fWopluV «xp«iuc ; but ng* vury pleuant, I iSoaM tliialc, ™ 
to hw llui pvfltle giTv ito Ivt bang nj^aiivil tha moTti/i 
yrkat tins coW dwe Sa wmly- Puii ! 



I 



Hmlock r Or»t« r folly 1 — T iim at noMw objv<eiL 
Wh»l i*y you to po)iti««T — iho gctm»l vocmWy ? 

T011 an onlorf*— oh no? no! GTem wm wntli 
twtntj «ucb IdoU «< yoo. Yoq htkvt mccc«dc<l, I 
grant, U> hb impudnoo, for wlilehf If ihvra 1m juilic* 
tri Tutanu. h« U now sodtitig up to the «yot in bk 
own tajv|nckle;. But iho PapliUgoniin Iift4 pwtt. 



And jott mr*n io hnplv 



Ml 

NiM L You Art ■ FoHcle* fn embcYo, dot]l<lr«r 
W«ll : lukil wb«n an yon to aukc jonr Hnt tpcoch I 
oh?aIlK«r 



1 tliiraigbt «r apenkin^, the otfanr Any, on ih«* Rif Hian 
expeifition ; Init Kicuui* got up hetrttv m^. 



I 




wmns naiM 'AiiiutiA^ iqivkia'* 



Re 



Kid«tpovhoTMit nuiiimlgh'.jiiMftj Wl liavu iwu 
■tin ; hia >]iMkni)t did hni Ijuic ^>(mhVh Thv Iom of y^ur 

Why, OQl «o ; 1 inlcnd lo inmhluco il at th« d«i1 
■iiwwnMy i It wiJ] «ait any sabj^, 

Th«i «> to Mf, i', wx\t wi noQc Rat pmr, if U l# 
1W4 loo prTAtunfilitmiii A rrqiKM, inddge tiio vrjtli « 



Wdl; fappo«H tbtt tgora GTwdod ; — «a Isiponuit 
«4b^ dt>d«r dijcvMion ; — ui ftual)«bodor fbm Ar* 

£or frnm the grat iJDg i — tJio tribuics ftv^^ tlw 
1> i — tn hmpcftclimeni ; — in sh'^n, anrilmi^ jv>ti 
pfaMf> Tfci? cnvr ni^kvd iirv^cliuntftion- — ** Any cUi- 
VQ feboTti fif^ Ytfiin nid in«y ip^nk — iny ritium 
JMC iliaqodtli^ may Mi^OBh.^ TT>f>» J nsv ; — n unal 



«:AlUB*Hrt^ 



Of ruHonty ! vM, vid (if fOfncUung cUc toou Tod 
fiilJ ia&IIjUy br dr«g^ down Ijy nuia Ibrcfi fifce 
1 oor Qliacoti ' kit ytftr, "^ 



■FWUUTIM. 



•* Whm 1 comd/r, Athwtuu, tb« iispoirtBiico v( 
ur dty [ — wbtn I ooiiddpor tlie oxtccl cf lu powiift 



• 9h 



[ itaBmUl*. hL 



16 «ciK» ntgK -Afiupiuy urnoA** 

\ii9 vifiloni of iti ?]tw<, Um sU^iftn^c of ha decoratiovu 

Hi ahiillU mru ftdcmcd ;-^ whua I tliluk un II[L^ 
>i4>diu«and ArUta^iomanTheiiiuiocUvam] MUujbdc*, 
on Cimon nitd P«iriclca; — when I contanplato our 
ptv^ttininenee in tau ^nd Juttcrv ; — vhtn I obftonv sa 

ihe dumiiduit, uid |>urc]usQ the iirot«cAkmt of the Oitf 
of Ui« VblctOri>ini«— " 



I >bfttl cholco with ra^ci:. OU, til ya eo<b uul ^od* 
du«j>(«. wlial ftoctHogiH That [>fT|jnry har^ I evoT oooi- 
aitUtL tW I aIiouIiI h^ iingled out from UBong oil lh« 
eidiseot of Athens to bo die Gtther of tLU tfbol? 

■rvmrriw. 
Wh«l tM*? Bj Bacchiis, old nun, I would boC 
ftilvisc jou to prt wftjr to «t»ch 6u of poorion in the 
■intflii. ff ArniuphjuiM whto to aw jou, yon would 
fai&jlibi/ btf iu a cucn«djr ni5xt spring. ^ 

Voo have more muoo tolmT Amtophum than aa/ 
futj living;. Ok) that ht coald hiit hour Too baring Ut 
finriair ihn rfanj! of StnUoa ' >pd tho 1J«]i of ALab*- 
artm F < You would b« NJQ uicx]uu>tibl« ralyuct. Yiiw 
would coiuok hino Cbr tha kM of Cloon. 



No. no. I utMj i>orhap« figure al the druBitic r^f» 
nuUtkiiJ bctfbn loQi I but in A verj diAfereM way. 

• A«inMat«pliM«(AtbiBt. %M AifalTlMawt AjJmm W. 




vcunEi nuiK -atucsux BjcnxB" 



ST 



Wtnt do jon mean f 



What Hjr jou to ■ tn^/? 

c 



C1AUJT1UR& 



CAUUtWUVib 

Oh HcttitleB] Oh Baccbiul Thn ii loo mncb< 

T<i >^}iAi % Uiw^'biixfad iooi»i«r Ijavo J giv«ii birtli F t 
pcrfuct Cvrlwi^v of I»*djiJ«Ct * AimI prav wlml infty 
joitr pcM be about T Or viU yoar tn|[iMlv, IDs jtoot 

I tliooglit of nrenl ploU ; — (B^Jlim, — El«ocl«i 
uhI Polji»ott,^*ti)a wmf of Tnxi tk« murder of 

Aad wliat liAVC yaa choeco ? 



Yoa knoir tberc ix a bv vbich |icrtaiu uiy tnr^^i 
;i«4 lo ntoneh m pUj of Aidkylta*, &n<4 tinn^ it Gw 
«Ar4 w liii own coi]ipo«iLo;i. And, m th«rn in an 
^nwd pngodioe, atucmg tbe vulffv, m &Toiir of lit* 
mmv^iBt |i»c«», I baw mIocLoI ona «f Uiem, md 



W HCCNIia I'ROJI -ATIIOU?! EEVOA* 



^VbicboTthvmr 



Oil 1 tliflt aftu of ti«rbftciMU sb«tinUiio«, tbo P 
tlicui. Beit I l4vc Cumuli It nnew upon Uw vodd of 
Enriptdctf. By Baeo'lius, I •hull iiiAko Sophodoi and 
A^'AitmiT \ty>k &bvut then- Ymi wnuld not know Un 

Q/ Ju|ii1<r, I b«ii«r9 noL 



I 



I Iuv9 OEHJtbvd tW wbolo of ih4 aUunl tlblngiw W- 



04 

Tbftl mj^ bei, on iKe tIii^Ia, an tmprovniMnt. Ttitt 
fiJaj will iJi«n opim willi that grand aoltloqiij of Pro 
xa«thcus^ when lie i> chunticl to the rocL 

Y« IboBtdB <^4(iHl Mnvni T Ta a«n «»t«^ 
T^rt (D IH ijiewand ffv^lliig JJib^Im iMlfci 
Touf *i«n lajWi I AU^tuwalltqc Mnb t 

Well, T allow tlut wU be Mriidngi I did not 
fftn capable of thai idea, Why do you lan^ ? 



I 



Do you lerioiulir ««|tfHi»» iltai oti« who W ttiidivd 
the play* of tliat great man. EuripidM, would ffvcr bi^ 
pn M tn^g«dy in each ft ruting iiyto 7 



iSoAc^M 



KSMAi* VKOU 'AnimUAJI EETSLa.- 



as 



What, fioea net yoor pUy opoi with tli«E Hp«fieb cf 



MvrtirtTL 



of BftCfibutt. 4o jou iDftlra 



Tli»« wii&t, ill tiia 
huatajr? 



tliAt b « bbcirty which I iJmU vimtart tQ Ulif, 
whaUNir it ba or do. But go oca. 

■TKIVTVL 

CD<^0mA Cnim •■» byicw^ 
fWje«i wJ Ujrfi-ilcA. l-ioUs TMl^fv 

V07 bmuliTitl, B&d vury luUuf^ ; auil, m you a/, 
foj like EtrnpidoL 

Tm «n ■kitting. Rullj, &ilicr, jou do qoi vntaw 
tiu^ tkete tUn^ Tm bwl not tboM »ilv»Qli^ b 



WUcb 1 lur^ been Tuul enoii^li lo Ivt jen h«v& 
Vo; io B^ oarij iIstki Ijrin^ Iwd not been dif^ni^'^ 
Wo ft tdiiwi^ Dur |K4itk« dvenikd iikto ■ itmIo 



ii 



«0 ^t&U IHO)l -ATIIKXLUC EKTJOa.- 

n-tTvUctt, am] rtad Homer'* bauli;«, insUu] of Arvmmg 
niy IkikiTa 4tiii Kcidn^ IttctuTM Ivi TtTf* otil of EuHTriitm* 
But 1 hftve Mine ndion of wliat a plsjr ftlioiild lie ; 
luiv» Ktmt Plinmicliut, ftod Bred with j&clijlLta. 
taw tli« rvprtfsviiuifon of ib« Pertluu. 



A VTTtdkvd plaj^ ; It mAy Amuse the &0I9 who ran 
t}io trifniM^ ; 1>at it u QltiArl^ uitworthj to bo rcftd hf 
ftiiv nuuioriMtc* 

Ifixiu I1A1I ie«a It Actoi] ;^th« wliolo th«Ur« fmUjf 
with juv, Mautjiiiig, ■l;outiiig, hm^ing, crying. Tbin 
«a» Cyiiw^vfitis, ihf) bffvUicr or^sclijrlti*, wbo lost both 
hh Krnu ai MnJiiilion. boadttg tho ttunipt a^iinilUl 
«IdeA vriili rapiiire- Wbeti [£c crowd maatAtd hia 
^But wWc Are jTfiu gnin^ f 



J 
I 



tprfsf^ 



To •(!)> wtili AiahMm r hf ntll* vitli the «x| 
ibr Sioiljr ill m few dijv; ibu ii ha &rrw«U tntcrtun* 

DWkt 



80 mae^ the bcttir; I •bould m^, no mnefa A« 
wimiv Thttt cnraod Sieiluui rvpediiion 1 And jou 
vcr« oo« of the Tonng foob ^ who Mood da|ipkiK aad 
flhootiiiff vlulo ho w«« (cnlKo)^ (he nbbldt ud wlia 
drowiK^ poor laicW* voic* vidi j'our iifiroar. L<xik 
Uf it i ■ JUj of reckoning; vriB oame. At to AldbiKkv 
umuclf — 



What can jtM itt^ igfthui him ? HbawcDiMihm 
idvai cdcMMrit^di^ hi* merit. 



di 



acvris nou *A-rtucxiAx kktuu.- 



41 



Thtry Acknnvlcd^ tJuu he b cEorcr* and liutdMBA, 
ind lliftt 1m «m crttVMcd ai iho Olyrnjiir ^itrnt^. Aod 
«h«t otbtt- mnitft ilo hii frieikdi i^l^in tor htm? A 



Tbtf Ant mtn la Athuu, proUliljr, 

Wbom do yoQ umah b^ the Qrtl oioo Jo Atbfrni? 



anvimr*. 



CalBcloi-' 



A wprilw|pon*. impvotiH mfMiixg niiHaii f 



HtplMnAckmt. 



«AIU 



A ftolf who can latk of notUpfc ^"^ ^ trmirali 
Aroqgh P«:iik tnd E^^U Ooi, |*o. The Kodi Ib^ 
Jtd that I ihotiM lUtain fon freon mck vhok:* socktj. 



■ i 



tut to ita Oagte W P^ 




I ^ i At <fe A> ilbAM 0^ AMEVAMMt 

■ t . ^wub m, BmHVt«k, CUu4Ct«k Bimm^mim, OuBXut, wm ^ 
MUfi, H*f»l nmJ m (#U>, /imIV^ ^ 

Brinj; brmer m|>«. Ttiia ilull bff our jE^TMt ivreJ 
ll U jimliftbljr tli« Iflj4 ^ for HMiitf of m At kuL 



J 




At hD vrwU, it will b« kng bdonr yon tJoto toth 
irjiH ogiin, Aid'Eitadofl. 

CALUOUBL 

Kaj>, Uiar» b ej(«lle&t wiii« ia Sicily. Wlien L 
wu th«re with EntTmodmrt «qtudroat 1 bttd nMJiy a 
long <mnnao. Yon n«ir«r mvr fin«T gnpn tlun Uhom 

uirrAiiACnua. 
TIm Gn>«lci do not muhnUikd tlw ftn «f 
vlook Ydbt PcnM i* the Mum. So n<^t «d fr»> 
pwit, wo iforicling. [ vjll tcU jon what the S*lrap 
of CwU wid 10 0IO ftboat (twt when I auiii>«d nHth 
bin. 

N«j, vwvf-l BSpfwnhMilnv ; not » wonl lo-nighl ftbuui 
ttUnftt, or th^ (^^ hinn, or Uw walli of Bxbylon, iv 
dw rymmiii*, or iIm mufiitnic*. (nittriolM, why dv 
jon hiok «o ««d? 

Om I ho dioor^l when yoQ tt« P>^g to Inrc 
AldbUos? 



I 



My liio, loy iwvot •oul, it It h«t fbc o ibort tinx^ 



soKna HMW »Annmu5 rkvcls.- 



It 



I TAT w« eonqucor 9ldly< In aooiJier, w« UuuiUe 
Ciftbi^' 1 ifdIL krtii)f ttt^ 4uch robe^ (luJi neck 
l|B«t llopfatBl^ ttseflb hy ^}^<A|v^mh, ay, Hnd lb« Ho 
ffanta tbanadtes if yon wi^Ii ta sue dvan. Nk/, 



RvraHicmv^ 



Tbo br^t t^ilutil ihit I <:vor *aw wu in the 



Hiinaiini 



I wiili Umi lift tmd irod upon T<m. Come, conoi 
PtiTicl— ^ wa thaH toDO rrtitm, and thra — 



Yoi ; iben, bidoed. 



•nMcfcgfw^ihMfcrtiinii, 

|-r*iHl|^ l^ttfc ;^r rUlM QvIMt 
Mlwlnfc, to^AJ >«0 iiiiiain Ottat 



&f J own. Thbl r^tt, btcAKM I do not abut mywif 
ip to Bi«iliuto, and drink wbIp-t, jmd m1 lierf^t dttt 1 
snco. writB Tmoi? Uy Apolloi, if I did nol tpvoA 



M 



scxxES noit 'ATitKXiAx nfrajL" 



-mIiiI 



h«ve auuJQ S<^h«<ki trMslt]«. Bttt noir I oovir gn 
bvyciHJ u Uttic KMig like ihia, and iiv^vur invofcv aajr 
Miiw but ChtficlML lliit come, Spcnivpfiiu. mi|> 
You Ar« ft pro fa wd poeL Lei lU lyird fOBic of jronr 



I How van voa talk »? i ■ pro fM i*d 



poM. 

Oh. OooMDt jrou, ftw««t SpeuiippQiv We all koov 
fonr <fte«f[Da vpoa tlic tmgic bowMiriL Cocnv, 
A cliorm erf your iww pUy- 



Naj, Mj— 






Winn ■ gucA who U tkud to tang at a Pmian bai> 
qnvt nAuw 



Ib Uio nanac of Bottkua— • 



I am aib9oInte.i Sing. 



Well. Uion* I wiil tin^ ^oa a dioroa, which, I thuik, 
Ii a toUrablQ imitation oT fiuriptdai. 



Of EaripiiicBr^Kotawonll 



Wkj to, twoac CWicl«? 



jmm *-ATiiyjnAK revku." Af, 



WouU voo hum mo brtrajr my tx 7 Wmi'J yon 

if I tfTcT *uf!«9r AAf Uim of ttuU vomAH-hiiiM-, or \m 
mniaturt, tu b* >iui^ m ray {>rowir«v may I ^ &rl] hfrln 
Uke tw Buthtir, md wwr n|[!f like lii* Tcde]jliuH.* 

Then, >weel Oiuii^lvw. 4inc« yud have sUfnced 
SpvnsppWt jon «hall un^ younclf* 

WliAtiihnlll nng? 



T1i«fi I wtH «kng ui olil Toniui hjrnin, which m 
*^"'*^ cTiMy ipnni? >' <I>o 4<^*>t of V«niai, n«ar 
Milfafc 1 iiMd to Rng it in my i>vii crruniry wh«ii 
I wuscklU; ukI — All, AkiU»lv>! 

Dnr CkftHdca. yon ihflD stng Mno^Hiiif; 0I1& lliia 
dkmMyotu 

No : kftiul OM tlifi Ijre ; — no niAttrr, Too wiD brv 
eh* Bang to fliAMlTAntag*. But if it w4iv 9ua|{ m £ 
hsT»b«ufi it KTin^; — if ihUvreivft UttOtilbJ TDoniiiig 

tru momm tf lOlflln —I > KiVwwMfc ttb in* ■ itvv«(lia 
«TI« «tf» tf «v Btf «■ ktfi ra^* t' tdrtklte, «bP ifpiao Bo Un 



16 KKKtS ntOU -ATllULUt 



in apring;! unil if ivo wrre wtwmling oct a ^roc^t yron^ 
ontory, nfak dxr mk, »nd (b* «iul« muU, snd tb» bhif 
CjcUilai boKflth bs-^umI tbe portico of ih yma^U 
pccpii(^ ihroui^li tb« tnm on a tiiigv poab above oar 
JK^uU, — and diootandi of pmpki, w)tJi myrtlcft tn 
their IimikIs^ ttirotifpnjt tip tlir winding F^lli* tliMr gi^ 
d[rM*(4 and jcar^Andi dJiappoarin^ AJiid cmerf^ff hy 
Eunisu tliA^ pMiwij round tbe aztgW of llio roek,^ 



m- fl 



Koir, hy VmoA llc^E4^lf, awcvl ladj, wliora yoa U9 
wv jJioU lack ndilKT mn, nor flowen, nor ifivingt ov 
1^0, IMF p>64tm. 



Tida^ iiJiiD Inn hlJ mlnSks 

AM ^ fftti^an of fix «»• 
And ihi HliM* Aw> ihB fliLiLorakaik 

Br vbAl'l* «f ABA UfnaabM 
ritot tathAslDV fvMnAtA. 



llif^ iatp»*«l vnnidvBdBi 

IM tb> Gfv*> 4*Ka MWl ttMh 
AU Uptr c*I4h. K-« in««Oi I 

tow 1* ■!-«« ilMr ^H* hMlm. 
Hw, -Lib iludv fa^cn Ur, 

TW laa «■ ■^H*4B«fea4 Mb 



mm *ATiiESU3f BEvna." 47 



I vdttld ckido ytiVt ^^ >^>^ ' *<" *^ mrH*nf. Moic 
«tn« ll4r^. I Willi to ftil tbo evds UulI 1 UmI&uI^ 

And from loo, AidbtMl« / 

Tb« &niu 70U, do&r bdy. The daji whick tiiuii»- 



£3cc«f)| d>09« wbidi inuu^kilclj fiaUcw it. 



No; wli«Q I coue to ne yovK <'tl^'» ot^ecU may 
cDopd my ftttcDCion t but can I be iwnr you wjtboal 
tfaakiag him lovAy yon we, wd bow taou I rniui' 

Ay ; truFoUiDg «oaD {tqu Bvcdi tbooshu <Kit of aten'j 



A batij* b db0 bett renodT fer then. 



A iMltk, I sbonld tUnk, nugbt Ripply ibcar p!Mf 
«itli otli«rA ti nnphuftnt. 

No. Tlia pFefnntioiu uv rutiMsf diiftf^rvMUe to r 
tt;«ir«. But ai Hwn u tkv fi|^i£iiig bogiM, by inpi* 
«r« it U ft ooU« tiiM J — men trvmpl&ic. — rfiwJ<U 



4B 



tftOU -ATHEKUV KETEL&' 



-r tfaoLn aJL 



CIIA 



But vlwt if jrou utt kiUol t 



CAUJC 



WliAt indeed ? Ton oiiui tak Speuatj^fiua Umi ^i 
Ho it ft plulottopbcr* 



7«s and ilw gniisiC of philoiofiiMn, if be C4n ■» 



■tt«riL 



vrcEVimifr 



Pjilrngpru ti oTopiniMi ^ 



sirprflTirtfOL 



FjihftfCoru Mdlft Uifti and ftll bii odwr oftinioiui CnMn 
•Ania And Rj^ypt. Hie mMnij^r^on of ihn MOii) and 
llw v^etebl« diet tin dtrived Erho India. I met A' 
Bnchnun In S<igdiAiia — 



AJlnoiMnw! 



WliAl think joit, AfHIuftdfia ? 



I tfciak that, if iho doctnoo be tnio, joar spirit wUI 
bo cnndWd uilo oDO <d^ lb« doTw who carry ^ ambro- ^ 
■■ to the flodi or Yerw* to tbe mbtrowucf poH** Du f 
ftn rctaember AnKTcon'i liii««? Haw ibouM ro« 
ttbiBiicbftnoflk«7 



04n«v «■.•>. 



K1B«8 tftOU -ATQl:9nA)l aSVEIA*< 



4S 



wmM trvAl mi- v Anacreoti tri^atirU bu, iu;d )cl ma 
otttls in your Liwt and drink irvai vour cup, 1 would 
ivfcmit «v«i ui c«nj yo«r lov»4«U«r» to oUivr l«ditt- 



CAiiUOUi. 



WlvUt id iJh nua« of JtipiUrr, U t^ um cf «1I tlii 
ifiMnilaliaiM Mhoai dcaUt ? Sccrtkci oncw ' IfCCnnNl 
in« tfpun it lli« Wi |iKTt of ft d*y. I ka^^ U*t«i£i the 

a^t «f lUSI CT^ aiocc. Socb thlnft^ tUiy nuit JLD old] 

Hfiluit ivl»o ho i« bitiiig ; bet m lim mjdj.t of ifUH 



■irrcSArm^ 



1 difo from ytm~ The cnltghlcncd E^7>^n» bHnj^ 
ffcalrt^jn* tnto 0i6(r iMnqaets, in ortt«r to rvm:Tid thi-ir 
Conftkt* &v vast of iJidr lif« wliile tbcrharffit. 



I vant twitlwr ikideCoa oor BophUt to tauii no diM 
l«Hc«u Morv wine, 1 pny irov, utd l«u vifdon- 11 
joQ Euna bvliei'O Mttivdiiu^ which you nvvot cdJi kaow < 
vfaj But he cunusiU«d wrth Hk long itoricA about tliL- 
■dicr world vlikh aro told tu when ire mm initiAtcd 

And «hat sr« tboto nonn T 






&0 aCKK£ft tMOfl *ATia:XUS KEVIOA" 

Are 11^ you imilktedt Cbc Idtn ? 



No ; My maiher ms n Ljdiftn, ■ bttrbftriut ; uul 

1 undorrtaml. Nuvr Ui« cxmt ct Vvnua on chv fnib 
who nuuio M) hauAil ft Iftw, SpouMppw. dooi lut y«nr 

Surely we ou^i i« **jr lo t^verv Udy 

Bc4id««, li> cxc}odo tbm^ bbsutten &oai the ciiorm 
of tLo ifuciatofll in th<t F-lyikn 6'-l(U w Iciu crod u 
ih-sm dMn to QcuWire^. Ctiatid«at you dkftU b« um^ 

oujott-kL 

Wlicti? 
Now. 



Aunupik 



WlMf«7 

Bat that mMi bo m tnia^mi of a Tf<v brtwcvn iho 
pnri6tfliMn utj the i&ltkljoB. 



Wo will ufi^uw all tlat. 






lI^1■llh Ah Am- 



rife 



SCBOa FAOM ^ATilENU:< KcvnA-< 



ftl 



Antl inne dmji dl rigitl iiicvtificiuion of thu ttiioci. 



JOjCIBIA 



We wrill $«pf>r«0 tliAt loo. 1 un nm tt win lu^ 



But jou on iwom to kctvct, 

YoQ ft MphUt, ui^ Ulk of oftUii I You 9 (w^l «f 
Bvtpiika, vA fbrgftt hid iMXinf T 

■rwnrrtiA^ 

What I Arc jwi afmSd cf Ccr^i ^nd Prrv^ine T 



WHTTt^ 



Nit — 1]ttt*->iiit^*T — thAl n I*- but it ub«l 1« 



ALrtUii 



atiarn. Bui n^rer, wliilo vM lirp, BfEun tltraun of 







flcsncs rBUM 

A pu^ll of OorglM ud Mcleug«neA alMd of Tci^ 
iKnii ! In what rrpnn of the internal woH4 liu yon 
tjj-wt /OLir doinicif4> 111 b# tix<Hd? StiAll yorn pII • 
rionc like Suyplim? Xlarc] vxvn:it«t SfmiupfW t 

In the fiiuu« ')f ^1 tlie f^odfl — 

Or lU] jroii ait •t&rrcd and ihinty in lbs nudrt 
ftah ud wuio Ek« Tutdui ? Pcior fellow ! I ildnk 
I w^ your fii^v^ M y^ ant Aprinj^ng up lo the faruichra 
»nd Eiusfting yMir vBD. Ob Uftcclioi 1 Oli M«t«ui7 I 




■rniBim;*. 

Alcibotdv I 

Or perli^ jou wQ] b« tood for * vuhufQ. like Um 
hu^ IHIi^w wbo WM rade tc I^Untt. 



AIcitaail«i1 

AUniiiAnBfe- 

Ncrcr fdu. MtnDj iriU imI be m> cnid. Yoor et» 
^iicno« will iTitunpii over &U a«-u«MioDi. Tb« furs«« 
will tkalk away lik« d&«ppO(nifd ^cofJiunU. Only 
Addtm tbe jiKlgfit of Ml in tlw «|>«ecJi wblHi y«tt 
w«i« |irevml^ &«ai fp«dciiiir IM uMiably. «* Wbn: 
I (oiuidcr'*— >» not liifti Ihc bfpwui^ of it T Coiim, 
njsm.do iwl b<T&ii<-n\ Wliytloyou pafV up >ikI d<tWM 
wiUi uivU lun^ alpjK ? Vnii uv ni:! in 'rtftunn yal. 
Yuu K<eai to dunk tUii yoii arc dravly aulking Ubr 
»oor AcUUm, 



J 

i 



frCDIta ('BOH *A7U£S1AJt REVtLS.- 61 

riirti Mui joa talk ms wben ^ knov iTiM I beUavi 
dl tliii fuolvj u little fu TOD lio ? 

TInq soamvK ViKi bti>II bv Uiv nivr.* CalUcloi, 
fDathmll GftfT^ llio tor^. Why do yon iUr«T 

I do not tmjrfi Hkc ihc frolic 



Nfty, 4un1jf yua are not taknt vith » f^t uf i.^ii-tj. 
If rU b« tiw tfa»t b told of jou, jroa hivv u titila 
iMaan to think tbe godi vintLctivD ut any mftn broaib- 
ii^ If viKi be not b^cd, a certain goMon ^blct 
«U^ I hari} Mxn nt yotir liouse wu once in the tctn- 
|le oT Jono At Corcynu And tncn iiny tJiAi there woa 

A flg Ibr ibo godi ! [ wm tfainktiig alxmt tbo 
Aitfaa&B. Tou vdll luvc an accoMtion kid ai^nftt 
foti t<»-morTT>w, It u not mj pluu&at to be tncd 
orfbv* ibo king * 



' tW irtiv aM idva-bctnr viM isifonwl AacilMVla u iIm Md^ 
< IW ■■■•« «f Ub^ *■■ f >«■ In 44B JUIiuiUb <!aiiLacne> In Iba Vfi^ 

ipfaj It I wlAai if (b« U^^ 



H 



&CCXBS liH^U 'ATIIKMA> RSVfXa.' 



AMUU»I 



Kcverf^r: thcrr U not ftftyc^1i»U in AUin 
iroiiUI dan? to bruLtlii? a wwid a^liur ne, fet 
^Ua» ^ jtlue-liv* oT lij* great kii^ 



Tlwt pliiinvtnv 



K*^er niind llic pUwy-uw- Come, CAlUcloa, 700 
vrcrp nol «o tiiniil wlim tou plundenrri tfitf incrchvat 
imn o(F Cope MjiIca, Take up tho torch laA m<rr«u 
llipjhiimii^lms Ivll on* of tlj* tUr«» to briiig « sow,* 



And vh&i p«rt uv >0Q to phj ? 




i vliftU b» liMTopliBoL lf«nM,tOToarcAc<L Tt 
tMrvicei Wv will cdvbnit« Uie nU) within. (^Sxmmd,) ■ 



iOK 




caxncisMs ox thk principal nxuAS 

f JCn^t <h-ttr^ lfiy«^y. iv«i7 tAH. 

No. I. daktk. 






ILbTH. 



Mm t» p»oed«iwy. H« wu ihv wlW aud tt]« 
gml>rt writer of bU oountiT. He wa4 tho fine mftn 
«ho Mfy dcicrkd tnd «xhiU(od iKe povwre rffhktUr^ 
iiftdkkcL TliA Ladn toc^c, wtikh. initio tlicm^ift 
famaimhla OKattuttasici^ And in ihc handji of fha 
IpvBtat naAtetn, hwl still kfMi fJtior, feebfo. bhcI Kin^^- 
krlj BapotfticU, tmd «bicb \x»d, in tSv *^ of Dtntc, 
Ibmi ildjUDd t^ ill* ■4iiiaxUiru of iiuiuiDoralilt; turtaiv 
MlBirordi aod kUoih, truMill <^liTiit««l with fuper' 
■i^Mis vmcnlion, aikI ncciv^L in the bat rtsgo <>f 
Oitrvftkin, wvtt bonmm tbain it hnd dcMrr^d in llic 
period of it» Ufe and viffonr. !l «iib iho img^uA^ of 
dw rabiisrt, of thn uninntity, «f Hio c^urcb- li waA 
wmfinytd \ty all wbo aiifilmd to diitiDciIon iti tltj^ bi^H- 
«r waUu of potitiy. In «90iiipa«lkni to tbe ^pAmnca 
•r fak BiMtrvw, a earftli4ir miglit ftow and Uien i>n>- 
dabi Ui ptadiM ia Tnsoan or Pravim^al rfarra«i. 
Tha TiiJgar m^ occaiJonjillj ba udtftad lij a piow 



^^ 




cnmcrsufl om hie rRiKarAL rrAi.ux 



•Jl^jEon- 111 rlie popular jur^un. Bui no irriUv )i>d 
tonci^iveii it pooinlilo ttiAl ihc dinlocH of pp*!unl> Mud 
(uxrLvi-vuiBtfn ih'iuTtl [hMMttt t«Jli(:iinit mwrgy sfid 
prt^jsigu for A nuijovtic luid durubk wutk. Paul* 
■dv^nlunrd flrti- Ho dctccivd ilio ricii itvMsra of 
tlioughi and diction wlilch ttill hy lixvm m llioir on). 
Hti iv£iKd tbtvi into puriijkv Bo buniulitrd ibeo 
into iplcndoor. Ele^ Blb-il tliPin for ov^'ty fiiirpoM 
of uM And iDa^^uificeiicv. And ho IkM thw Act|iiiii*l 
tho ^OTf, not onljr of produdriij tho ftn'«t vttrr»iiv« 
posm of luoiUni tiiD«, b«it abo of f-raatia^ m Ut^ 
gouj:^ diitiui^uuIiMl by unritulkHl mvlod/, «id p9Cv* 
Ikriy capable of ruroLdiliig to lofty aod p^HMMUtQ 
ihoDghu thdr a|:^iro|mtD gtri of f^iSTTO and concuc 

To Bunjr On» nuiy appear a nn^lai- paiwi^jrric ofi 
tli0 lulkn tongmu Iii<l«Ar| ihe grMl oi^Midty of dM 
]rotifig f[«ullnu«D aod you&K ladiv*, who^ wK-n ihejr «r» 
talud nb«Ji«r ihvy rv4ul lulkii. antirvr " T«>," nirrrr 
go Wvuod Umt tloriui at tbe tstid of lliuir tfrmnEnur, ** 
Tho l^B^tor Fido. — or ui a«t of Artuvrw^ They 
could ai AOOD nwl a B«by1oidiii) brick at a canio oiT 
DanUr. H^^notf Et I* a fctnirrmJ upiiiicJii, uaoiig ibue 
vho know ItuJc or nothing of the jnibjort, thai thia 
aitminiUo lan^rttL^ i> iul]4iUid 'iiily ta tkto iiAi^Daiitat# 
raiil of BOru>el(««n. urufioiatis Hod tfomw aaiu ma, 

Tljd bet la lint l>anU- aud roCrarch liava b«»a ibo 
Oroouadva and Ariniafloa of Jtaiiaa LiUmtunf. I \nth 
not to dvmct frooa til* nMrila of Pt'tfuri^U. No om 
can dottbt Hud hii poovi axlubit, wnidit somo habedl* 
Uy and bora aff?otaUoa, pdihJi «l(]ganoe« bgnMikj» 
and tcQd«fiiM9* Th<7 p»Miu v vjili a mixmra 
whicK can only bo cocnpired to tlw vrhtnukai AoiuBfl 
diaeribad liy dta ImvoorvM po«i of Mocl«aia : 



3 







CBlTirUUA OX 1HC fKlXCirAL rTALUK WUTtlEfl fl? 

I itt lut, temrer, ai fn»<4it NfMaking of tho mtn'n- 
Ae eiicdIoflkdQi nf hta wnunp, which I fth&ll talcf 
■nntbor dfpornitiiTj lit exanun^ but nf lbs «fl«cl 
whirli UiKjr prodttce nb tlio Htcnture of Italy. 'Oiu 
Aoriil ftitd lumnoiH HiAniiH of hU ^ij/tf vniioO th« 
Itoi'UUiJ (Ib» pMblie &t)m ihf tsn\tvmi>\uthn of nuUlcr 
mr ' -'"r\ar nKHl«k. fci tmUi, tlK»ij*h !^ rado iwc of 
V iIiAi in wlitcli grtttt oi'iEiiuJ works ut uutfl 

Aw|i>aatJy pr*jdiiini*iL \i U aI^o that in whtch th<y nrv 
•fvprv<natnL Thu fnn/ «ppc^ psndoiirfll ; bat 
h prWd bj' «xp«nsiM, unl Li consi«E«7it with 
^mma. To bw witbont aor rcwnn! vmnana of tMt*r 
ii cood for the few wUo can ctvjIu, bol biu] for iLu 
uuay wlio fwi riotv imitaCv vitJ JQ<Ef:c. Gixal auJ 
■etiv* minilt eflnnoi nmnln ftl rv«t. In b cuttiratcil 
■^ Ui«)r mn 109 0A4Q contuni^ iu mov<e on in tho 
^na^pn paili. But wherv do gmtli exUta tbcv will 
«Hktt <M«i. Ttni* the nUd, tb« Odv«u;j. the Dhinn 
ComMr, Bfvpnrvil in tlnrk a:id liaK bftrbaroiM thnu: 
iftd fhoft of Uw; ivnr r*K;^1iAl work* whicb bove b«cis 

fnAuc^d in murv itnlKliiHl &^v4, wc ow« a krgo pro- 
jpt tifltt to mvri hi k)w <tNlioQ« vdeI of uiuuftjrvtfd 
mull. 1 wilJ imcRnrr, in our own Isuignn^s iJie FU* 
|rin*i Trogrv^i nnd K^bin&on Cnuoo. Of all tbo 
ftrtm wiirk« of fitrtion wltitb w« puaeo, t|ltt« irc, I 
«lJ] nof nj the Uhi, but ibc nooM pccnKiir, tli« icoit 
vipmnaJotilf-L t1i« ni'^t bibaitablp. HuA Bimyui 
did IMbc bort» cdimtcct gmtlenHm, thej- wtMiM prt»b- 
iMv b«^e jiubKthfyl frsrulitionii and imilmtiom of 
PmvJl niouuivfia " li j* u jwrMu uf ^ul^ly-** 1 ftfltt 
nt nn tW wa ihodd barvt bad Lw if Shak«p«u« 
hid faoMi ibU* to rai'l Sr>f<bi^k«. 

« t^v^ ■ «itrh^ >rui^ ««DU L Cub* I 



-1 



50 oancuju c» tjik ru.'n.ii-AL iiaijas wkit 

iiiclivoiinble to ili<; bcivam of ciTlirlitn- Mm judfl* 
by cxntipviMti. 'J'hcy uv uiiaUo tv v»iiiiiHl« d»« ipw^ 
dvur of an olyoct whon ihcro i^ no stwidnKl kry vliicb 
dii^v enn mcKtiirv it. Oiu; of ih^ Frtowb |iUiliMopk«« 
(1 hng ticrutl'i |iArdoii), wha oicctnnpMuod IfapoJeoo 

ryruDiii, Jw wm ^rpri»«d to *» it w dimjrmiii*^ It 
^ofA Jilnna in & bouttdtoift plain. Tltura viu nolliiiig 
DW it ftxrui nVnh liv cuuld c-jlcii[ut« iu UttgntUuW. 

^ut wbvn ili« cuijp VIM pitdivd Unulv iU luid Urn leuM 
fl|]pcv«J tike (limiDiiiivi' r|POcka •rmnd lU ha^ot h« 
tiiuu i^«reelv«4l ihc buncmlt)' of tim migbdaA work of 
man. In the soniu nuuiiki^t it i% not tUt a frowd «t 
|rr-1i.y wrilrni ha* ii|iriuig ii^i tli^l t)i« fTHuil ctf ibrr gpcal 
imi4t<Tr^iinlji of liE«ntiLrv a mmkttuswL 

Wc liftn< nukvii Ample |inHf Uttt Uuitu «vtt» bighlir 
julnilrod In lib ov» »nd iJi« foUoninff «gv. 1 uii^li 
lluil wv bHd M]iuO pruuT t]i«t be u'a« ^datinnl ibr Vi% 
tXC^cnCMi. Uu; it ii ft rtmorknblo corrUioaunn v( 
wliM hM been iiud, tfiai thi« grut nun eawn< to )i»«^ 
bMf) titt«r1r anabio lo apprecuUtt UhikK In bb 
Irmtiw Z)' Fu/j^dri f^ifUfWtMf^ h^ talki nith Mbiifei> 
hem of whti kf bat done for Italian tit«Tatiu«i of eIhj 
puritj and comctsaM of hit itj'lo. ** CfpendoMt,'* 
M/v a fitToantg ' wriur of xnina, *■ U a'««£ n* /-ur* ih 
iprrocC. maM f/ Mt ^r^ateur" CouidL'riiit; tbo dklBf-u^ 
li« whli mlikli Dante bad to ftrufg^o, wo may per* 
lap! b« inoro Indinvd tban tbc Fnmcik ontic 10 allow 
[.im tlii» |it«iic. Still it U by no meaoifl bit bij^hm 
or mott peculiar iitjc vo ap|ilan»& ll ii jcaredy ni-i-oi' 
lary to ny iliat Ukmo q;nalJtM9i irbtdi «aeaped ibv noiiiv 
9^ the poet himwlf wnv not Ukfly to attntct tbo au«fK 
lum of iW conuntttutoR. Tbo Act b, that. vb>le lb* 



I 



I 



I 




MiUtc hcmyi^ wM ptad loMnwrdMunliiioawiiLit-liMb 
lus irorlu ttiaj be ju*Tly clurflrvd, *i¥l to m.-inv umiv 
wluch "row JUmI^' impulcii to tUan^ — ^nhWv kcttu^n 
«<fv |i«m] U» VAjiotind u)d L»i£b|;ite hU |>fajiicB, hit 
Mct^juott Uk liMoiu|:y, aU Lwl «f dicir kind,— 
wUlv ttoaoiAMo UiboiuW to ^otcA olltigon-caJ rocoijxn^ 
i4 wbid) ijw aiubor DQTor dminod. tlii^ f-rcoi pott'MV 
of hh hngiiwiiaB, nm\ iWt tnconpinblL' fnitx- of Jik, 
■Tt^ WffiB nnlhfT lulniirvd tior inni:Aii\L AricnAMfk' 
h^ fifVVHU«l* 'Hte Diving Comply wan Id iLtt af^ 
wb^t St- pKEii'k CftllwdnJ iru to Unuii- Tiic poixq 
'Julx-iiOATi tunxl IvUoktljr (i>r > mxtivijt Hi the Jiogo; 
cvpolni wJ fmn lotv « toysiiop to pUy mitii 
lalft too, wu dionnvd iriiii liic.-ury trlnkcEHt &ni 
pkjvJ viih ihan (or four ootttirii^ 

Frottl tha time i>f Petrarch to ihv u|*]Kjimji(>v of A)* 
6ms tfB|^i», wo mvf ir^c* in alm-vt nvi*rv Tti^u nf > 
IttikftD Ijt^ntan* ihie irrfluviKw cf tliO«« cvli^Uatc^ ici 
Mte wliich, I'liidi ilw natMTv U>ih iif Uicir bvttultn am 
divr Guiltv, v(«r« imciftiurly unfit to bv nbodeU for fiW"*^ 
«sl tnuUtioii. AJiBoM ftll d]« potO uf tliiu p«ri(xi« 
.tvnrvrcr dlflbnvi in ilio dcigrM md qiulitir of 
iiJttiav int chanu^Tivt^ by f^rmt eUff^miiaii. flndf' 
M a OMMMrr ciMsoquEnfiet great f-o]d»«jH of Muti* 
i lij a pawxon for friroloau aiu) tawdtj orna* 
; «ik1, bW'u »U, by ui exircmv AvbUctoA and di(^ 
(■Mooaa ol^ itylc 'iaMo, Mariiw, Oiuuiiu, M«tutJuio, 
*ml 4 i;tow4 c' wridai* «( lafefMir writ aud odubdty, 
*ferc afvU-boufid ia the vncbAntml Eai^Jvns of a fC^o^J 
ugi nsanEtridviiN Airi/ia, vko covccnleiL ddiility and 
idbnnliy beM«ik tha dt»oeit(iil Muiblaikoe of bmJ£ii 
anA health. AriMU^t the |7«al ArioMo hJondC L 
In ovD Biiggiaro, *toof>fid for a tipa<* to hii^tt nmkUt 
ha ifiif flawcn a^d loiwtaJn% and to Ara« the gft; 



Kl 



so cuncxMta ox tui. euNcifu- irjiuiur vnuri 

uid puntcil forcsRA* But to hm, u ii> kis < 
Riaggivro, had brai gjvatt An ornnlpomt ring and llit 
wiogcd «ouTtt«r. which boTQ hin 6vca Uio poxftdinj of 
(loccptioo ta thn n^MU of li^Kt and luuarc^ 

HiB nril of wMrli I h^M^k wka iifii i-uitiliwrt lo th# 
gTAv^r poeb. It ui(Vctr-d Htinp, comedj, tiurlnc|CM. 
If Q jwnoa i«n wlmirv monj itiMi I do Uro fffvat RMatur> 
pMc«i of wU and liuiaonr whidi ItnJy lia» pnidui^d. 
dtiQ I oumut but diAcvni «nd binctit a cnat Mkienci'. 
vhKli u common to i)i«n all I Aad In tlvam oban 
ikace of lugeuiifiyi c<l' droU namt^, of pmfuond and 
juftt tvBectiaiit of liJi)i>r expreuion. lihmkiT«t dur* 
actora, fipiniraMt tir br-Atnl with " a mnsl TrArw^ spirit 
ol hwMn dvaling." Bvt auiMlliiiig it Mill VBiHinf. 
W« rewlf %ad wo admire, and wo jawB, W« look m 
nio for Uiv Latcclujialiau Airy wluch iuiplivd tl>« com- 
ady of AtibuiK. lor tlic A^-^r^ aii-J n-iikeriit]; atvtn widrh 
—ii^atn* iJio itivectiviA c( Juvciia) and Drrdcn, or 
fV4& for lk« cioaapacl itnd pointed dictran which aildi 
seat to the renca of Pope and BoiiuaiL. There U 
no rathiuiaam, no c-ncrgf, no eoodcnudoe, noUiini; 
vrliich Rpring* frvtn tirmi^ fwlTng, nochtn^ whk-h t^ttdt 
*o excite if, hlany liuc tJkoajj^tta at»d lino oxpra^ 
MQiw reward the loii oi raadi&i;. Ht£II it n a toi'. 
rUi Sflcckla Rapila. m mtntt pointt lh« bait poMD of 
lla kuid, U painTulTy diifnae and loapiid. Hio AbuboK 
Pu-lAiiti of C«iti » pcr^c^ly iniolmblc. I :idinint tha 
duTeriiy of th« plot, aikd the Ubcralliy of the optniom. 
I adnni thai h u iBi|KHnlile li> tnm to n puj^ which 
daaa not rontitio eooMirUiing titat davrvaa lo b* rtancw- 
UfTK^ ; but It 11 at kwt nx tivs* «a loiig v it oiight to 
Ul -\iii1 tiio gamdom A«bleiN*a of th> atyla b a atiU 
fTMMr £uOt Uiao iha Ivn^ uf Uio werk. 

It aav be tho«ight chat 1 have gamt t«>o &r Jd atthb 



I 
I 
I 



isemriiSMa ov tiie I'Hnccii-Ai. rTAUxy wkitbbs, 01 

atifif; KliMO «vil* to tk« InAueiKv <if tbu works and tbt 
fiunc of frtfwixli. It cuinot, bowovor, bo dimblvd 
tittt Cfaijr taw tfiatfD, in a gfc«l inauorflt, Hnm m no^ 
loi< of ch« «tyl« ciT DftiiliA Hik It &oc nore proved 
Lt tlie ile^linr of IijUiui ptKUy tlian by its naivdta* 
tNW. AfVer the la|iw of Ihvr husi(ir«cl luiil Hfty yx^rA, 
Umtm ftpfKaral n tiiari cafclilo of RppiwRiin^ nnd imi- 
ijtftft^ tli*^ ffltSpr 1/ Tnif SA litenit iir« — Vinorv^ Alfiori. 
lik« Uio prince in ihe nianer/ uk, 1^ Mu^^t and 
Ibnnd III* Slf«<]itng Bmuij williln Ui« p p i oj wo m whi4^h 
l^d Ml Vong QoncvoM livr from husIumI. TIl^ i^ortA) 
WMi wtked nutod by lhiw;-^UMdust of age* faftd ic 
niwnhttH on ifi« Iioiiging*} — (h* Airniluro wa^ cif 
•Aaqti* dbthioo;— uid ^ j^s^mu colour of ih« 
onibroidcry hod fadftL But the living diamu vrhkli 
w«r« wqU word) oil the rat ramtbed in the blocoi ot 
Mernal joqIIii wmI w«Jl n^wmrdtfd the bold advratiinir 
wbo nmmd Oram froM Uw«r Jong ilnmbcr. In every 
tin* Mf Uio E'litl)|i and (be Sanl* Llw> grtfttent pooma, I 
lbiak« of tha fiinJitomth c^nniry, we aiiiy tivrfr thv 
inflwiirii of tlut viglity |.'cnii» wbich hu immorlMl- 
Wd lliv lll-4CBiTcd |oir« of Fnmoncm. Uid thv peUvmal 
■IpNiwt uf nf:nUiia. Alfic:ri boqimUicd ibc dotvr- 
rignty of Icaliui ltl«raluro Vn tlie ftoihor of the Arb* 
loflsbua — n man of jc^nin* fcar^y tnfvrior to ho* 
o«m, iftd a will ntore devotiHl iHM*i|i1e ot' ihu |frc«l 
HorviiUiDa. It raiM b* acknftvlcn^iQd Ibat tbi« Mit 
'lof boa Mimvtima ikhIwH in» fur ha idolatry 
u. ,...'_', Tobonow aspnfl^itly illuMT^bun fivimFir 
J<rfia Di^nluvi, li* km not ovily imiuud bis |^, bnt 
lottuwgd lut cl(idi«. He oAon ^uoCm hit phivM* ; 
■ad b* bu, nofi rcry jndjcioiudy m ll ftppcon to m^ 
aohaud hk 'rcraifiMtioQ- Nrvrruidcia, bo boM d^ 
tiaytd Bftfljr «f tb« bi)fW gg^^Mnncki of bk BMtnr 



^^ 



as cunaflHa on tiib ru^iuii'AU nxu\:t 

ui4 hit wcdrka iwij jnflty inrpire m whh & liope that 
lialUn luif^ii^:^ will Icnig dourI«lt aiid»r ft ncvr litprtfj 
iiynftitTi IT nthsr under tl^o lqpiiinat« liiu\ wUcli bii 
M J«D£Ui bwn rwtorpi lo > ihroDo Joa^ <ic««ipiod by 
>^oc«Qiiii nf[aqi(<T«. 

Tlie man to whom t3)o Htcratufv of Im conMrf 
isiTfA ti t nrigin a<id ll« rrvivftl wan bom in lima* tinfci^ 
liHjr BiUptivi In <-«1l forth kit extnonliiuuj pomn. 
l^*lj;>TOiii juilI, fhivniroiai lovo juid boiumr, dmiorrmEic 
Ijbnrt/, am ihv' Uirfe moAi |toiverAtl pnneipka thai 
ll*r« vrrcr bflnetncLvl iTie tlrnnci^r of Uag* tnafm* 
oT mm. £ftch of Uiuia HUffty hM often «iMrilMl ib« 
g w twt witinHavm, hjkI |inHiac<^ tho moil hsporUnt 
ehaogvf-. hi tlis tlHio of Uanie all die tlnw, otflcn in 
aDMlgBiDAtimt, gcnoivlly iti fiondict* A^talod the mtb' 
Qc laitKL Tho pmxdiag j^raiCTHiifm liiul iHdi«MM ibt 
'ffrujti;* aad tfae rovVh^ of ih« loav*, the aconiQpliiSrd, 
th* luifbrimmlo EiMperor I'redcdc ilke Sctfi^ntL, — a 
piot in An Bgii of N;hno|tocft,^-'« phiknopW* fan «>i 
Age of mcaikj,^B BUt«aiHii ia an a^ of cnuaden. 
DuriniE tbv whole lile of ifae jKwt, July v«b cx|>oricm> 
Ing Ihe conMi]Moca> of tho uMtnocmbU eliupgl« wKidi 
he Imil ailaCaUied ftiEeipat tliu Chnirh. Thv flniM 
■rorici «f iDOi^iiiMMti have alwm hcca findtKcd m 
miK9 nf poJjiieal eo«mL<in4i, m the ricbcel nnryiHi 
tail tl>e tWMtutt flomren elw*^ K"*^ ^"^ t^ *^ whk-h 
bu b««Q fi-rliluod Inr the firrv Muse of b -rolearHK 
To Itxik no riirUt«r th«ii tKe Idnary lii^tAry of Wir ovtn 
-,oiinEr/, reo «e dottbt vbnl Shaktpmr^ wu in ■ |cnvt 
vtni'UK (irodooHl hf tho RolDniiftUon, umI Wortb> 
■r^jrtJi b)- Uw liVenicb it«ToIuiioii7 Foeu «Aoa void 
tKiliiioft] mnwitkoa j tbepr often wflbet to deipdio Umu. 
6ati wh«<ber Unj pcnejvw tt or not, ihoj miut be b^ 
flTwaocd bj Uifloi. Ai kng m thetr oodiids hav^ ut^ 




camotuts ok tqe nuNxirir. itai^iax ih-Kiric-n. 



ptittl id CMiuct witb tJiOM or ihvir rcHovr-iiimi, 1h« 
■lectnc itnpoUa, At whMcrvnr difUnpcv it may ori^ii«lfv> 

Thift will Uf Xke CHM) bvcii in lur^ aocjclin, triimv 
lliv J^v&iott «r Ubonir cniblw itmty ipccnlativu luwn Ui 
fJmtfirii tli9 &o« ue" nntur*, or to uiulyi^ tli«r own 
miuh, ftta di»(4nc^ iSnm Oiv Mat of i>uUlk«l traitMo> 
liucu. [n iJic little rtpublio uf wludi Dftnic ««.« a 
incuW tbc st&lA of things wii retj difTcrtfit. Tlimd 
Mttttll oottuumiiof iu« imbt uriaicrcilbll/ abuAod b^r 
BUMt of our aiodnra proftMom of tic ocicnre c^ gov- 
atBoMttL In Ji^ UAtes ilv^ iH1 at, fiu^fiom am 
ainvjrs mnM violifitt; wWre boili partita an cooped 
9p intlihl a tiarruw vpnci?, potilicn] diSorciica B»eo> i 
Mntr prodiwM p^noaal inati^Uy. KvwyiQaa mtitt- 
U a VobJivr ; vr«*y nwQVQt may pfojuotr a war. No 
ctiKn can lie down cocuro that bo sliall not be muMid 
If tbe a]Arunk-b«n, lo r:pcl ot* arffi^o an iiynrv. In 
■adi pf'ty qiiuTcU Otmci.- sj^windcniJ the blood wbirh 
■lighE biam pardtjuod for hrr tbn pmiunml ciii)iir^ 
«f tlie worU,and Ttal/ ww>t^ ilio eiwr^zy A^d ilioabtln 
u** whkli wo4ild hava «iublod bcr ti> dc^d li«r md^ 
f«ad«rnow agaiiut tbo Pontiff and tbu CAuri. 

Al] tUii u tmo; Jul tlu-n.* ii vtill a compvnsatwii^ 
Ituikind baji not dcrind »o mucli Wnvfit froM ib&i 
. iBptr« of Ronwt m from ibo citj nf Aibciui, nor fron 
iW kingd'^m of Fraoee u froni tbo dry of FIotobcq. 

Tba viotcDcc of party focdiafE »>'0^ ^'^ '^ ^^"^^ I ^ *^- 
fall* forth that urliviiT of mind wlij<:k in Mim^ itialf«' 
if toe'my tt is deairaUe to produce at any arpciun, 
VniTonal Aokbanbip may be aii vril ; but cbvrv er^y, 
»iU b a lolditr tJMm will Ui no «UutiIn|£ atiuy. And. 

V b no ctQ thai ooo man in «^«ry llftj ibould bt bnd 

VI thfl tittda of Kkagbt4)r - »LouId Uvq only by datr^y 



iiifE ami by cxpodng fiitiu«ir to be d«ir<ij«ij i sboulb 
6^1 witljOTU entboduB) aiid conqnor witlwui gl<v7l 
he »(-m to ft hoApllftl w]ip[i woundod, md rot on fl 
diKnf*hi]t wlimi oU? Su<*li, i>r«r m^nv Ui«n t«v-tMnli 
Ji Kurajw, U thf* fttzv c( vkldiotiL It w»i vomdlini^ 
ihal ili« cifisni of Milin or FloRuw fiitif|;Tiif nnl 
mm)/ in th« vmgao mkI rlictoricd )«nic in wluch t|i« 
vnrii Bf9 nfUn luwd, bm In n^wr tmth, for hU pw 
unu, lui elutdrBOL, lu« InncU* hia bmua, luj allAn, It 
WM ranalhaiig tluit Im marched Ibrth Id hillJv bvo««1b 
the C«m>cdi^ fdildi Iiad been ibc object of fcu ckild- 
iili T«ncr«iion ; iIipi KU nx«l Oitber looked duwn ftott 
the katilem^nu na ht« Aixplnits ; ihftt hji friendi acd 
bit vmld iwto Oi«« witiwMes of hi* glory* tf bn frl), , 
b« WM eoii«i|pi«d to no rend or faeodicva j^uiLniUoa^ fl 
I'ho xuiw dflv nw him convpvtd vtlltiii tbv waib ' 
^hich b<i had il«fend«d. His wounds vcvo dnnfd hy 
tiU inoflMr I hb (xmAmon wu whuponsj to tit* fitei^ 
ly pri«M who bwl hmrd ind tbwlved tlto &]Bm of Ui 
yoQth; bis 1i«t «^i wu brv«ibH upon Uk lifd of tbf 
Ud^of bii lorn, 5iuTvly tHrrc U no aword like thai 
whi^h i* hmitm aaint% \>imt^\i^htxt^ Sxtrth lliiM «t»t« 
vf tiiiiif^ wu not mMiii:i(«<tly bod : ila cirtlv wm ■[!««>> 
ft1«d faf vnlbawmn ti«d by toiylvrnoM ; wd il will mI 
lewt ba ftcknmrlMl^ tbal it wm W«]I fiu«d to nufnv 
owl teal f:onhu in an tmmiimtiTc uid obaerruit min^ ■ 

Nor did the rrlij^foot «|itrii of tbo 9go lend kn lo 
ibis ratuli ih« ii« pgHtlnl 4Tlretinitta»oeB, Fuitiidfm i 
^ Bu cv£l, but it io not ib^ jtnrftiiM of mk It b good fl 
ll^t A peupb* aboiild \v roiuwd by Jtny mraiu fttmi « ^ 
*tatr r/ utl<r b^rj-ir; — that Ibr-ir nnindfl tbouM b* 
liveried iVoiB obj^iA iwdvly kvisiibI, to nwdhatJont, 
iiQwievier ^ttmiowi, on tbo myaicriw of tb« monJ snd 
ntdUctiift] wotid; and from laHmti wfakfe m b» 



I 
I 



I 



J 



mrnciRkra osc nt mocoiVAL riAU^x wi^tTiiRSH Od 



ti^UlfJy wrlflili Ut i|km« which nfate to ll]» i«i«t« lli« 
fnture, uuj tb« rvmoir, Tline offccu have »ofln» 
thaim bcm produced 1)^ U>a wont (npcq^liikniH llmr 
«m ^diiod; but tb« Oiiliolio rdigioa. evvn ia tlio 
Ume uf ill ntiBMt uxtntR^noo anil atr^scity, Ji^'cr 
ffbulljr lo*i the ipiirit of llie QrAt Tc»cKifr, wlt«ee pne- 
iitf^ form the nobliflt codf, lu hi« rnnduct fhrniihrd 
diB pcnat cxnmftlA, of mom] t^cvllvrnt}. It b of iill 
r^giotii ibe raiA< i^wttcnl. Tbi> ufM^iifnl iu|wnCltiuivf 
Ainntlied iht Unoy villi bntutifal irii9gu*« but took i>n 
Md an Uw lio«n, "niff dixrtrinex of tbi> Ltf^brnwd 
Cli«tdbfi> hav^ mou powerfiilty influcoiccd the rN^in^ 
ntd tlm eonAaci of tMn, btit havo nnt prcwoitod tbcm 
vilh vlidaci* af MTtiaib)« beKi.ity nnd ^^ndiriir. Ttiif 
RoBsn C^diclic Cliurch hm rniitrd to llio jiwful dot-* 
Iriow of Um on* whAt Mr. Cul«tMl|^ »II« l]i« *>&if 
hiMJtiwt " of tbv ochcv. Jl bai nirkhcd Kvlptura 
nd puDliiig with tliu lovdiMt and laott niaJMdc fbnufL 
To iIm I^kilm Jtipit«r it cdn oppooi^ tliu Mmm <d 
Wrhmt\ Aogdoi ind to the volupntom bauty of llio 
QtiMd of Cypnut tko aon^iw And peiMr« kiveliiMm t£ 
the Vhvjii Uotber, Tfifi lefT^nda of iu aartrn and 
tU aunt! msy via in ingcniulir uid Lnti^rc*! with llm 
my thokfped fiLbU* of QiV0Ci» ; ii« cemiuf ti^ ami pn>- 
joaoaMWUQtlw dc&^tof the vuJ^; tliu hnjEV fHbnc 
'/vMMkr ponrvr with u-hich ft wra conjMct«] mtinciod 
iW ttlniAtJon -of llio MojifftoiftiL, At tb« ftftme tlm«t U 
Qcrv hut «^ of thr vnoctt *o1miui Hid trcmcndont 
Joeuinn of ChH^iiArdty, — tltt> IncamAEo God, — %h« 
ju4|pn™t.-*-thr rrtntiation, — the f*t4fraiir of lifi|i|H- 
!)■■ or bormrnt llnus ^hitc, like the uidirnt rp- 
li^otts, it nccivMl iucalciilablv wippori frotfi policj- and 
%mai<nty, it never wbuUj In^cuiMt, 1IIe« iLom ndtjpOEv 
t BMroly political rad eHunoakl inctkutkva. 




Ttw lNv;nifiiiig ur die thjrleontb c*mtiir;r win, 
MichWvuUi lifti rctnvkcd, ilic cm of a gnxt Kvivtl of 
lU« Qxmurduiftry mi«tn. Th« policy of ImoevDl. — 
ihv growih of tlitf inqnimtion and tlia mMiifimit or^ 

tlfo Kiutt *jid lli« uafbTtu>uc« princM of th« Iioom of 
SH«bia« liiffl&led Italy domig t^« t*^ foUuwmif nvn- 
eralioiu;* In t)ui pwnt Danu* ww ooQi|d«ol7 onilo 
tbo influoiKi! of liu n^^ Hv wu a niui of « uiiUd 
nnd neUnaholy ipirii. In early yontk he had enter* 
taiaad t rtrcm^ and iinfsrtunalo parnkm, whidi, km^ 
ftAer Uto death of hor whoiit lie lored, conCinDed to 
lianat bioa. Duufiation, anibitton, niiJortwiu bwl not 
eflftrvd it. llv WA not wily a tmc«r«i but • |«wo«iato, 
bidkvvr. Tlio criaiia uiii ftbusa of th« Cburcli <if 
Rone wcrv indaod lottlmou to him ; but to til hi 
docUdVMmdaBllc rrtei he adlMr«dwfith CTiihnritifin 
todiieai* and voMnoioD : and* At loifftb. driren fion 
lii« nft'Jvo onintrr, tvduc^d lo a AtnalMn tbo aioM 
paiiiltil 10 1 muk of hi* dUfmtmOt condemofd to leani 
bi>- ficpoMico tli4t iio^ fond '» to biliof o> the brvftd of 
di>ponilmo9, aad no i*c«nt §o painful m» lb» Mauc«M 
offt p«troiLi— »hk< wonndnl qrifit tooknrfaffo ia vinon- 
vy dovodoQ. BMUkf, tht mfbfgoUca olivet «f Ui 
nuiy tondniMM, vtm binntcd by kb btuijifliMikn wttJi 
|f]orioi» «id n^n«ar>oiM ■itribuir* ; abd wu «nthronrd 
■manjzdiA hi|^iinl of Tbi Mtoiil hiorAn-by; Ali^irhty 
Wivdnok b«il MRif^ed to ber the tmn of liie KnAal 
And iiii}iApfiy wandcrtT wbo bod bred W wttb coeh 
I pcdrct Icjvc.i Dy A cuftriutoo, Hk» tbot wluob qltn 

Id pv« itovJ, ■ «w 4 iw* alb 



I 



rKmctfUN OS nix m^nrAL italux ii'Rniia. ftl 



litiMan miitro, and evwi of lii^r |wr»urial LrxiftciK^ flnij 
i<«fliui In coci9*(l«r W lu uiie uT Uic tUributufl ijf tho Dtfirf i 
Bm tboNi riJi^otu; licpn* which had rtloAed tbe 
i^ad nf iho i«Uiaao cnthiuiau fiwn lliu t^rnin of dratii 
hid iKii leader^ hb fp^ulMCiona on htnniin Utv vnoro 
«hoc«fbL Tlika » ra incivt<Ut«ncv whirh nuy of^ 
W oliinmvl in nf-n itf % KtmiUr t4>iiipi>nini'*iiL Qe 
liq|ied fer }ia|ji{niint bcj'ood tijv kta^d; ; but he fcJl mno 
4(1 tartb. It k from tiki* camo, mnrv* tliAn fnim act 

Ui dtfr Udl or iliQ Pinpttory, U'lth lliv puudutu uid 
mtMnet d* ihv w^cvvig tpiritt Iw fix^l* a ttrang »yBi- 
pub^. But BiBong the boHtiflod lie appmn «i etiQ 
wkr hw Mrthfaijf in oominoo vitli tl»tfn* — v 6nc who 
is iiifftfiMUi^ nf rainprrJiprKlinj:^ iKit onlr i1i« ^i^gn^^ 
bal tb» BAtiirv of ih«tr FfijiwtnriiL W« vbink thst 
iff^VM^ikn Mutdinn axnkkt l1io4> tDiiTinK And ndiant 
■|JMnbi «iih tiiit ncdwl i)f imultemblc aiiwry on )iiii 
tvnv, vhI tLvt curl of brit^r di>-ibin on hit lipti, wkich 
all III* purtnibi have pT«vM-vud and whtcb iui|^( fur- 
id«b Cluuim^ wtUi imu for the liood oT liu poMijcclod 

TiMn ■ na poet whaae iat^lWtod niit! monl c}iai^ 
adiir am m f^Iwly i^wnfctivl. The ^rt4t unmrc, w 
it ippc^n lo mts of the power of ^lo Divine Oiotiviiy 
b Um atmng boUef with wliicli tlic vtorjr ictou tv W 
tt)ld> In tha rcivpoct, iho only booki wbict approach 
Ki ju m^luiiw an» Qultiv*jr^» TravvU in4 Kobtn«nn 
Craaoih llw •okoniEtv uf lut Ei»dv«niltunai t].v cuo 
Mtncv anil miimT<jnnei of hU iL^alis tbc uamwUwH 
vttk wld^ ho labon tr> nuka the r<«dor undontenil 
JM exact ihapfl and avbd of cirry thin;:; that he (lt>* 
«^iba», girt an air Af rmlity 1o hu wild«ac Bctlom 




( iliuulii <j9\\y iif««k«ii ilii* ftUtuiuviit lijr quoting itt 
•tanccB (if tt fvvlinc w)iJth lu-MiiiItv tbv wbul^ vtiHc< 
«id 10 irliicli ii oKt« inach i>r iu fh^diuikin. TJia 
'/ cho r«i Jit&ufliTiUkm of U19 ntnnj f'MM«gfit ua lua 

I nm concfnxxt to v.^ tliol Mr. Curvt to wluwn DHri* 
owejK momt Uum evor poci owoi 10 tnuialftUr, Iim 
wiTirl iOHiu) ttu Hi^L'i»4l»"E) Ii1l«r45 iinnriirlliv at Kii ftluli* 

tJA. " ills toLcitiiiitri'' nj"* iKbI j-L-niIi!iB«ji, "to ddine 
tU hii imigM in »nch m muiDcr ra to bnog ihora 
witliki tl)« circJu ^iTqilt vuiuut uul lu aubiiMt tJ|«M 
ro tb« puwer of dw pvncU, r«nd«r> libii iiuki bvttcc 1 
UiUi gmm|UV| wlinfv UitUin hw Jiiiu^u taught tta W fl 
expcet nbUmitv," h m lni« ihaE Dante hM dqtot * 
■hnink &01D emWyi^i^ his c-;nc<.iJtio(» b det«nklBtt« 
wiMtU, UmU lie Km cvtn ^vcn mcwtTircf 4nd numben^ 
wIiQfc HiUm vronld kavii IitH I1J4 iiii^n taflnAt iiik 
d«fiaod ui » gorg«i»uB hnu of taocti^K^ Bolh ««r9 
nitliU Millon did not pni£m to hare been in taivcn 
or hall. Il# nuy^it ibefcdan roMoittUjr comluw biu- ^ 
fe«lf Ui iimgiulivrnt |:«ii«niliUv<h ¥jlt diDutnl WM f 

tlue ofRcv of tbtt tcouljr tnvDEI«r» wliu hmd waDdgral 
through ihv lutkiw ot dig dciid. UaA lio dw«riM 
ii)< obodo of tbo nJMiMl Apuite 1q luignago ratm- 
bling die i|>ti'iKbU line* of tUo Cuk^UIi poet,— hai Itf 

tolj OS of — 



C^mM **U. ft* «*y air *»<* 

Vbn aU Ub «■>, ifaHh »■«, tad Xtinn Wttfti 



llMft 4fefai j« ten ft%H< K Jku-HHrind. 

iMi wodU (limUUn Imre bsoi iMbU wHiiDiF. B«f 
nhnt »«uU bare b«en ibtt ttnmg imi^mion of 



I 



cvmnSMf OK nu mvcrpju. tTAtj\x vuroa. 6g 

tm^tff which, m mccotdnaco witli hi« piftn, tt cliould 
hiTv b««B Iu9 gTvat ottject CO pradac^ 7 ft iru mb*^ 
lacciir OBoe w ry fxir bim to doliAHtM occKnlcly ^ iD 
Moaitrnita, mH prodif^tonG tht^^/*- — to utter whoi 
mJctfvI wv nth^m appear " cnnticnJiI?," — to tvUtv wtlh 
tli« air of tntlH w^ai bb]<4 h«il nfnrr ^^ed, — ic 
«mb«Jj wbt frar lisl orver cr^nreriwd. And I will 
frvnkJv ci^reu thut the mgnr nnUfmity of Milton 
■ff«cti u-m l«M tkaii ii>»^ nnH«d 4&?rwk <d' Dsrrift. 
Wc nat! 3li1loa : iu>d »v knew that wt mv^ n«iling 
t gr^ poet. %Vhvii wc ruid l>ftnt«, lliu poet rwt* 
kirtv. W« u« iHienlng tij L)ti> man who Im« roiumcd 
front ** Ibe vtllejr of Iht* dolorrim •b\'w;"> — wtvsnn 
to M* the dilclKl <rrv iif hnnvr, to hear thr nhnddrrinf* 
vc«niv with wklrh h* tcU- hi* fotritil ttfc, Ccn- 
Mkrcd ni tliifl lijl^ t)i« iiarLntivffl aro eiwrtlj -rrhMl 
thay abiMiU hf.-^ilcKTi:T? in ih4<ni«Ftv«i, hut njfijji-iK 
m^ la iW iiui>d idiCii* oi m^fiA and mdofinilv wundvr, 
Tktjf ■» inail« np of Uiv iinag«B of the Mrlh : ^ Ihcr 
am toU m tha langtui^ of the «orth- — Yet the whok 
vibot b, b«yiond oxprvwoon, wild and un«Lnlilir. 'rh« 
fart U, thai t iq w rna tural btfang** ■« Lo&k m they arc 
aMMdisrod nMf«lj wiih rerfensueo to thuir own DBttirr. 
vidiat i>vr ftdin^ TOfy §tMjr. U Ik wh4«i ih« f-rMt 
fair whkh «efanrt«i ilifin fWvm 11^ i^ iia»«d, tfhrti 
W9tn/pH%«tnb itnfi]^ and uik4Hinabli? rclatiofi b^ 
VBO*n the law* nf tha *iuhl#- and tho inviiiUa «orU, 
that ihi-y rioaa^ |iof4ift(>t, thu «trr>Tig«vl viauthiM nf 
■turh »ar ntfniv m caf«Uc- Uo* itmxty childron, 
tad hof* tnviy ttiirii, are nfhud of ^HwIa, who are ihiI 
tCraid of (M . And thi«, bocauso, thoogb ibaj oDtor- 
lafo B much ttnMgfir oooviccicm «f tiM cacbtMkco of ■ 
IM9 than of the miii^ of apfiiritKUWi tbfr h»T« n« 




70 (jnritjr^Kku on Tim nuxcirAL n^LUS vrhibi. 



^prcbvntion ibil b« vill nuAilost liim>elf to ibm in 
tnv M'juublo nwiMT. While lliU U tho gaao, to d» 

Kttriluto to thoB tlie actiuiv. <ir buuMiiUy may b« 
groitfqm wphHofOplucd, U3«oiwiiaiu; bnu ii wUl he 
Uto fnljr mo^ of working «pon ilio feoUnfla of i&cn» 
And, thravfom, tho onJj mode mitixl for povtnr. Sh^ 
*|nau« unJi-ralood ihU w«]l, « Iw nnikntood cv«rv 
Iking tbjil botang«d to liia Art- Wlio t|o«a not ijran- 
imthib^ wiUi tk<> n|it(irc of Ah*!, iWing jrfUr suni«t oo 
Ohs wtn^t uf tbe Utt, «c vnduuf; iu llw cu|a U flumr^n 
^iili Uio bw 7 WIm ilm not «hudiivr at thv cmUroM 
jf Macbeth f Wb«f« U tii9 pbllofi^lMr who is ooc 
movtd wben In tUnka of the ^truige c>Qiin«cdoKi b^ 
ivftni th% ififcmal ipinU AiLd ** the «ow'a b]o«d ib^ 
IihUi MMri bar nino birow 7 ** But ihij daffimll Usk 
of ix-i>reMOim{c tuficnMiunl boTri)p Lu onr nimdf, la ■ 
niAitfLvr wbici) ^inJI bu nvitJiL-r uni^LiclIJ^iblti to our 
intvUuou, iit>r wboUy imxHidit^nt witli our uivaeufdMii 
natUTv, hv &uTcr bcMs w wdl performed «i by Uu-'v. 
I ve'i]] rtfo to three iMtincCi* v/hkb ara, pcrhApt. tjL« 
mnni vtnlDDg— tbr docriptun of ibo tnniftiniuuioBf 
of l)i« i^qtcnbi uid llio robbom, in Um: tiroM^fth 
oiiito oi lb« Ttill<Tilo, — tb* |MJMf*e CMic^miBg Hva^ 
rod, in tba tbiitjri^nt outtD of tba maui fMrt^-^nod 
tiw ntitg&ific«Bt pvoOMuon ia lb* twHt^^oinib oiBM 
of l1]« Puj|:atvi(K 

'llio cbdajdMici uid oompnrifcw of Dnnlc bamooiw 
■dminUy «iih ibat air of AroAf^ rvtlity of wUieh 1 
have i|Kik«fi. T^wy bare a vcrr |bnniliar ciiarafttf. 
Htt » ptfbapa ibe onlj poit vboM writing would bo- 
■«n« nmcb W ififtflagiblo tf all iUwtntioiu of tbii 
tnti wcrr eqwn^nL Hi* maiim avo fro^Mntly nthvf 
4ioM- of a travvDor iban of a jiovt. Ha ffufhyt tlkfw 






1 



CERmCtSVS OK Tim mSOFM tTALUN WRTTEkl. 71 



am to ilij|iU;r hii ingiGDnilj hr ^ciiul mutk^oi, — 
Mrt la dt-'liA^t tho TtmAiT by aAintling hiio a <UiU(U vhI 

pttUi in wljkh ]iv u procecditig, — W to giro no uxan 
Un cT die uIgeetH wjiicb bv u dcvcritni^, bv conporiiig 
ibooi wixh othon generallf knowii. Th« buIUn^ [nUtb 
in MalcbolgQ w&H 1U;l' tliat in tbo Venetian otmieu] i^ 
A< momul an wldch ho irrnvrHnl ali^u^ iTko lAnka of 
Pbltft^eChoo WM Kk« lliat U^wwti Glii^nt &nd BnagiBSi 
bot Mil Ml br^o:-^lJie CAvitS^f irh«fe tlie Snaonifecftl 
pf«)«i«ai ttcv ci^nliimd roMmbUd tb« fuiiU i;; tli« CKitrcL 
of Juhn At Flo«tnc«. BToy niMkr of Dimtv wiE ro- 
dJl mutj- Oliver illiutraiSom of tlkU df^iipiioo, wbkh 
>dd 10 ilw kppmnifice of sincerity and <aru«rtJi«B»irioai 
wludi die nanntiTi^ dcrivi^ m much i^f iu uiiereM* 

MAfiy «f liU coffTij:ian»on«, fligun. ane ioUanlfd to 
pT« wi euict Ida of Ilia f^liii^ uiKler particulw cir- 
tWOAAntuk 'He dulicalo tbadca of grioT, of f«ar, of 
Wfor* an nvely diicninLD>t«d with suificiAit accur»cjr 
ID tho Ungm^ of tJiu m^«t rdiDud nationi, A rude 
dfadtct BOW Abottnde in nico dJatmctioiu of tJiU kiod. 
Dnta tbonftn nmploys tlbc most Mxxm^u and In- 
i«iiiJj tho most jiofticd mode <if tuulEing the precUti 
ilBlif of lis minrl. Envj ]wnnn who Iiaa 4*xp(vionrnd 
tlw hffwUikrioi- vi^i of swUvii b^d tidiot(t| — tLr 
itapnfcctiao, ^- tbi^ iii^t» dcvjbl of tba troth of o«r 
own peicvfilioBa wliftJi tbcy pn>duco, — will uodoi^ 
mril the fbllovinjr simile: — "I vm v be b trhu 
iliMinniTi hSi omi hum. — who. dmrnii^, wUiq« that 
W nay be all a ditiaii^ »o tltt ho doMr«& Uml vrfLlch U 
•a tiouf;!) il wrxo not-** ThU i* onlv one ovt ai * 
butdnai] «i|iuiUj atrikin^ aijd «E.prwiT» mmQitnAtm. 
T}i9 ecnpmtoiw oT Ihtmta and Uilton are magntfi- 
-Kfii dipM^iMk 11 •canoty iiijurM ihmr effvct lo d» 



iftch tKcem frnoi llie worL Thoi« of Uintt «rv v 
JiffL'niil. Tlify <kriv« tbeir bwauiy frv<ii li^e i^uutuxi, 
and tv^txt heuxity upon iL HU I'lDbixiiilcry cwioot be 

tliADUM lliii port of t]^o Auljet't wttlioul «dvi>u)^ cvoiy 
p^^TMn wVio cui tniuifT iniflicit-nt luluui to rrad ihn 
■im3i» df Uie s}i4>^p> in ttiir tljtnl c«nUi of Uio Turu^ 
tarith 1 t^uik ii thv tnoftt pvrfK't p&»s^p: oi tbo idnd 
SI thv WoHd, tho (nott imngiiuliTc, liia n»o«t |itet«^ 
nMK(iw, and 1^o uunl »wi^U_v ■.-:t|>neBai:4, 

Ko ptnnon on hai^ attended u> tLc Divino Cuavi^ 
wiUiout oWi-vIjtg how liido unprvMion lli« fociitt of 
thn rxu^rnfll t>firUI appo&r Ia It^rt maclo oa cko uiod i 
of IHnt«-. flU ttfnipcr and lii* iiitaAtioa h^d W kimfl 
to {ix lii« o1i4err4l>oii alni'M exdmirely ou fiucnaA , 
DAtiir?. 'lilt- cxquiiito upviuliig o<' tJic vlj^tL ^ CUitu of 

di« Piurgauino Aflbrit a »:ran^ iiMUiico */ iLu. Htt 
tcftv«B to otW* the wrili, ilj<e ocimn» vid lliv «ky- Hi« 
bn^nMi U wjih nifui. To oihcr wnicn, crtfiiing may 
be dii^ BQtwjn oT ilew'tt iLnd mani Mid Altaiit cloocb. 
To Doi-iljt it U tt« himr of frml rnroUoclion tutd 
sioniHli.' dirvolion, — tho boar whiHi mcllA iK* Itr*^ » 
tti« nrnrioor and kindle tUc loi-cr uf U^c pilfp^m,-«th0^ 
bour wh«Q 111' lull of llio Wk *i:uat to ukoum 
■notbcr day whiob u gaw aod will n-ium in 

ill yttfto aMrtioM, m a »ti wrt^ «rita>i«^M«fr«tfip 

|a*4 let n ^ iha p«r4Mi tacit ^^M. ^ ■rf*'«* ^^•'^ fH<B«l m4^ 
«nOkli|0ukvBMfawwU*k.llbMiHiaMfM«DM*^ VTfalslhi 




atmcBja ox nn i'kupcu'aj. n^uui vfiurci;& 71 

Tlifl ftolixig of thv pnMni ago hoA ui:cii a dln<ikip 
CftRnrtricalljr o\jf<a\K-. TIic nu^ificcooo of the ph^ 
flii worid, onii ita infioi^ci^ tipvi tlm buniftn miaJi. 
law Vr<*ti the &rnurilp Ui<fiu(^ nf oitr mml cmlncnl 
poKftH Tb« 1iritl<f bJu4-«U>rbJng UA\^ and ■oiini'i^r' 
b^ ^ntlvmcD atxm to cunsjdcr a ttniiifi BcmiiiiLitj to 
tKr ^' ipluniioar rj* tlic graM, tbo glorv of ihc tiawcr,'* 

lioo uf a |Kictka1 vtmL Tlivj truftt wilb cuDt«ai|it «11 
writer* who ira ni^iuittltiJy 

%wc piupn Innim 

The «ril»ulcix pwjiicAl crwH i« nwro CitlioUc. Th« 
nebletf MnJilf oljeci ^Y tliu contonpkuon of iwai b 
Rvti fffn«elll Tli^ nnivmc. anJ all Ifa &ir ftod glo- 

1. ' . ' . iilkin j bill s!l<? \aa prACcd W fii>T»« &tid to 
■*. '.i:y amiflii U>e Uit-xluustiUv turieli«« anil tti« 
I' -iivnLlo BiTnLrries uf tha nibd. 

0^*1 4 Si ■■■ (iiAlt, ff I' ■! I't «ci(k^< 

Odwflo b pcrliij^ tbc grcAlMt work in ibv worU. 
Fran wlutf do» It ilcrirv ibj poirer? From tlio 
fiaaA»f From l]ifi OAcftn? Prom die mcmntttiuF 
Or from T ■ .i- iVftOt, anii jiwlmrtjr cnicl «l di« 

I^TMral « inC wcj^ forth U> sve ilk fla'i>l^ V 

li iiB rwd fthskcn witU Uieviftd? AsoMUoekiuliiiel 
A iMd of ikffwJDs ? (h Ih it lo coaUcapUtc » mif^jr 
■si w/wftrd maid Uxl Uirc lieforv n> iv lIk iitnawr 
UBiMJtipf It omy |KTr!Mjjf Im ikinblcd whctW Um 
bln«ftr>d lin- ^ ^'^ ^'^ btitcr HuoU fgr Uid wlucattDDof 
1 pACC tbui ' . ^v ftitvi.'ifl tiT ft bilge cafitaJ. Ifr 

Unl vku b not tinvl la d^Kit^ wtih pi>rv AeacripUoii of 



■^ 



1 



71 csmnauA ooi tbi ratxciPjiL italux irBtrvsL 

ferauvy? Tt ft not llie &ot, tJiil exmnaJ otJMtt 
n«Tnr ibvin^ttiHip r>nr feeling but when t}ic^ arc 
9«mb;siphit«il in reffrrvnor fo mjui, lU iliwtraiiiig bia 
ilc<t]ni% or ta hiHaetm^'iag^ hit rhanurt^r ? The trt04t 
^'iiiiDf^t obj'vct in the wuil^l, it will be aJIowvfl, m m 
/xiuiiRli wuiiiim- But vrbo tlial can 9Lnal_v>« kU Ibcliiigt 
19 not scuaibte that aUe uwiff h«r fjucniotkni Jms to |£nr« ^ 
iif fjDfUnc and dcHeocj of ccilonrt thkn Co ft thoQWDd H 
ft?<K>rittii)ns whirls <>ft«ii tinpcrcdvod by onr9eJv»,oo»- 
ncci thcwv qii*liii<^ vf'ah i)io u>UTC« ^ oor evhUmce^ 
with di« nourinlunont of Aiir ui&iuj, wkb iKe poui^ni 
of our yoiitb, wit)i thi liJ^ipn* r»f out ag', with elc^ntt^ 
inih vinucitjf. w-,ih irrKl-MTim, wilJi llio rtrongcitt ctf 
iiAtiml iTutmcUf with tli« di^rcst afttocijd ticaT 

To fhonv who think tbtti. ihm fa w wu fl iUitj el' tbt 
Florvcitlne po«« tv <b(^ be«ad«» of nUun will not ^ 
pQ«r on unpflrdniuble ilrfiridicr. On nuokind no 
wHt4r, with tho <acc«piiDn of Shak»p<Tc W looked 
with a moro pen«tntiaj; ujr^ f hvrt Mid tlut hu 
pooiicflt tluuvcitfr b>[! dL^ritvd i tinge &au Iur pnctiliir 
Evoiprr. It if on llio vtiVTior «nd «iLrk«r pa«ii«>M thai 
b« deltghtJi to <l*e1l. All )0T<». Fx«^ilii;|; the \iM 
mytiit poftHon whirih he itiU fdt for bu burivd 6e*- 
ttm, liftd palJixl go tbo lw!r<» and rw^kt* Wc3o- Tl 
««d «lorjr of Risiittl h altauat a ilitf-l« «»>«]itiaB. 
know not wbHhn- Et has bvcn rvmArird, ihau in om 
lioiDt, ni«itthropr spc^ms to havo aifcctf^d hU miEMl aa 
it dSd diu of Swtft. NawQOtti and rerolting iflvifc«* 
lem to ha,y^ )md a Ihadiwtloii fer hii vuacl ; and ht 
MpMlodlj ptaMa hvftc« hia muUn, with aJ] tbo viu^ 
of toi incMnparaUr *tj1i>, lb« nott 1uadiM«ixo ol|««ta 
tf iW towar aarl tlia (iin«ctlfij|^^iAiin< 

Thvr« ii anotbar peculiarity in tbo poum of Danli^ 
«hkb, I think, ikocrvo* iu4ico^ Aaciwt m^ihokp 




CKTTicaau ox -nu nuxcirAL rrAi.us VRnoi. T& 



Btf tiunDj «TTer t««a saooenftiUjr Intorvovim witb 
ngJcro poetfj- On* cfaos of writers bsto iniroduocd 
iho bbuloui ddtitt mcfdj an tlk^ritd K|)ra«rrtft- 
tfrai of loi^ wii», or wittkoi. ThT« nccmMriljr n?fH 
i«ii» th«b- moffks iun« nd raid. W« nuy »cnd;io4 
tflnure ihrtr in^^f^iutj' i ^> ^'^^^ vhat tn1«rT«t can wo 
r«Ml <if Iwini^ uf wlwp«« peru>tt»1 «xitl«nc« ihv tftiim 
iom nu< Kufltfr v« to «it1tfrIaiiJ. H-r b JtiuativDt, u\-cn i 
GUi*«MliuBal bdiuF? Kvefi Sponmf'* illi^^orj iHsciira^ 
ij Hif a ali l B , til) vra cottuive to IbrgM tliit Udk iigok 
let laDdMncOi ud «Qn*Mvr bcr merely us ^n op|>rv4od 
Mjr vorfor tlic proMftien o^ « gc^croun kni^t. 

ThoM wrilen wIk bftve, mora judietously, altoniptcd 
to pTBMTvo tlw penorukfi^ of thfr «r1jL»irA| di^'inttiei 
hrrm &iled frooi a dift«««nt Oftiiup- Titey hart bom 
UtptQAt vid uiut»lon Bt ft disMdviiiiii^'?^ Euripd«« 
and Cualltn b«li«red in BNcehiw and Cyb«lc u UtUa 
« «• dc^ Boe iboy lived aniong mm vho did- 
n<dr hmyhinttofiWi if not Uivir (ffmiioiift, iu»k itjo 
oaldor of im a^ Hence tlw ^lorio-iut in^iiintion of 
d» BaedMi and iba Atyn. Oiir ntind^ An: f jnn<^ 
cimmbiaftMB ; and T ib> not b«]l«v6 that it wnoM 
ia tbft ppirEf of tbo icreaieM modem potl to la&li bi 
Mdf up lo a 6t^pm of vni^Mfln Bd«i|ure to iIia 
doctjon of i«r}| worka. 

Datila nlona^ araoaj; the povu vf 1ai<-r tfmm, Imi 
basi. In tbli rvpfci, iw^hvr «n nlk^H^ ji<^ nn imi* 
lator I and, «aini«i|ua>th, hts alijno hiu btrodnetd 
•ncwAt 5etiana with f!flbct. Hie Minoa^ bi» Chaffon 
hm Plato, are abMluuJy trmft& Nochiog can b« 
mun baaotilid or oHfctnal tlian ih«< ua wbtdi ho 
mmtU of lb* riror of Lotbo. ile bu ntnt a«»i 
lit bia iB^tbolofjical cbaraceara any fbnetkna iDomiil^ 
*at witb Um cmd of tbo Casbobc Oboivdu Ho ha« 



ppV 



Ibtj 



Wk 



J$ csmctsus OK no: pv^cdpal itaixui v 



I 



nhlert nothing ccnccrmng ihaa which a good CKii*- 
tUn aF iltAi »gft mi^ltt not Iwlion* pMiibl*. On thi* 
■ccuujiC, then i* nulLin); in tbe»v iiani|:«i ihal Appt«t« 
pa«ril« or pedjiiilic. On th< ooMtmry, thu tin^ulfer 
am of c1juuu:iU nttmeft 9Ugg«Mt to U^i- uiiad 9. ^^fW 
aurl nwfu] idea oT Runu m^l^uiaa nsrdiLlioil, tuitvtlof 
lu alJ n^nnkd libtcTrf, of whkti i7io dJifcni^ In^ 
tnunia niigbL have be«n n-iuiipMl junidtt diG impouorti 
tnd lupcfttitionft of Uur roli^Hit^ lodfieil Uis mjr* 
tholo>7 of iho Divine Cvjnvdy h of Ui^ «Mor ftnd nuint 
Coiuujil jiutuld. It bivath«» ihv iptril of U'loavr tnd 
^H^liylibs not of OvitJ uid CbuUJafi. 

Tliki u th^ aac« uxUAortlitiArjr. bihcv I>»iil« Mwu 
to hiire been ntMrfy i^gront of Uio Grtck Ungnvge e 
uid faU &iorite T^tiik oiodeb cmM mlj luvo wmd 
lo nu*lf«d liim. liuAcod, U u tiapfv<iUi^ doI to reimuli 
111* ftdminuion of wriim far iuftfrior to liintialf ; ml 
in ^rticvkrt lib klulftlrx of VirKtl^ wh^ ohnpoit Kiid 
Bplimdui u ho U^ hftA no pretciuioo* to thu depth and 
cvi^iiialiiT of iiumI whivh Gh«jrMienoi> h'a Tuscan vu^ 
■helper, hi IralJi, it nay he laid Aowa at an alvoal 
uEurcnal rule that good jtoeta af^ bad criticL Thoir 
iiiindi aro uikder tii^ t|-ninoy iif I<ai thouaand MiOcSfr 
t>QW impercffittble la othicn. Tho wont wrilvr mv^ 
coiilr hjifi|4^ii to loiicit a tfiriiig wliidt » conm-ctod im 
thvir Eoiuds wiili a lung vqccquvcmi pC boavtifiil iMa|^ 
Th«7 an lihe liia gi^tie «iavca of AJaddiB* pJ^ 
wiTtt matchlMi pow«rt hut Iwond bj- ipella m miichtf 
thai whoB a chtld whom thogr could havt enuhod 
itixichcd a calitnian, of wliosa Mfirat l>« wat if;i]«raBt, 
Ihi'jr hnnedkldj bor^atna hi* vftaaJK. h ha* men 
than one* hn|i|w«t4l lo nio to ti.-e tniridi, |,iacdul aad 
aiajaiMic ai Uw Tiimna of Shakaj^ans bvwitch«d by 
tba ohariM of an aja'« hoail, bcUo«ia|r on it th« fodair* 



A 



i 



aancttMa ov thk ramcif al itaijax vtsitrrh. 71 

mrcvcSt uid crovmifig it intb the tw<ricit flovrort, 1 
nmti otiljr tu4«iiki» Lh« }k>oi>u auriljutwl (o OuUo. 
Tbcj An uUiar^j wurtlilua, cKt^pt m an wUfym^ itk< 
Iteiic9 of Uic ftvccov of A »;^ witb^mi crijiiticct aind 
gf t book wiiitoiu tumu Tlwy ato a cluua uf ^roH^ 
«liidi pnMmt no ioug^, of imjif^ wluch luivo no 
trrlitftjpfl: — tK«T am willimit fonn Aiul void; an4 
''■*^^'*— 11 upon Um &CV oT tliQiu. Tct liw aumj 
W of gooioa hsT* |»n«gjrri>«cl ami iiiiiutod lli«« ! 

Tbv vtjJc of Dimte u. If nut liis liigl]t«l| pcrli^Ljii lui 
mvti iMcdiBT oxoollBnco. I tcnoi^ noting with wLIch 
(t nui lio oompwetL Tin: uoLIeet modde of Qr^ 
CQEBpoiilioQ fnut y>dd lo iL His wonb ftrv tJio (trir* 
«t wm! tii« bnt vhitili it is po«mbte to uw. Th^ flnt 
«jE]mBui«ci in whkh lie ckftltcs }ii> iliongJitt it «lu^a]ra 
■tf <i>iPi;gvtic and comjirflitfituva tlutt antpliiicaliou 
iFqnid onlj injiim tJ>o cffvct. Tliezv t5 probably na 
KTiicr in oiijr Ungnage wbo hiiA prvdciiilcd iio muiy 
•tnn^ pidone to \\ta loind. Y«t iliere is probably 
DO writfT oqtiallj conci»Pi This pericflion of styTe il 
the piriDripU nKril of t]^ V%rAd'm£*t wltii'h, » T liavn 
•litaJy nmwrkctU u b> no nuan* vqiial iu olhs r» 
«|j«c£> to l£to two prccv<UiL^ parlA of tlio porat. Tli^ 
Ibvn ami fttUdty cil' ti;v dictium, Luwi.>wr, irrauatiUr 
Mtnet tlui fvadco* ihrongL tlir iLooIa^^ I«ctuns aiid 
the ikfrtdm of ccc^caiadtical blognfiliy, with wkidi 
thk dinnoin of the iwork Uxt mncli alKmntU. Il %tay 
••■Ctt ahofllt abvird to i^untr particular spodmciu of an 
excaDoDca Mv/ch u diffwHl over all hi>i Iiumln^ rai>- 
tii. 1 win, ligwvrirr, isutauco t]»o lliint i^auUi of tba 
laimo, Vid ihv n&lli of llvt Turgaiom, m paiagw 
i^iBipandiI« In xbdr kind. Tlid inmt uf tbe laM 
a, pfdaifs, mthor gntoncn] th^ji poetical ; iior can I 
MoJlacI tiijr thing in tli^ gnat AUunkn apeaehoi 



U 



'jm^ 



L 



vrhicb «<|nat« h m fercr of inrj^cHTP and Irittatiefli M 
au^CiftHiu, I hava hi?ant tlie nuMt ulivjTiont ataLnmut 
irf" tlw »pj tviiwirk thai, iiexl Ui DvuMflbrntm, l>a"l'- u 
Oio vmmtf who ought ti> bo mwt nitcndvvly Btudiud bj 
Bv«-fy man wh<t deeJros to aiiaki orntorica] ommmcMt 

But It ht timt' to citwe ihi» ft*hle And mnb)t»x 
critiqtif- I rjinnrti rrfnun, howrvpr, from »yTng ■ i 
Tenr wonia upon tli? tJ«i»lBtkrm of lh« dirifi^ (om^d^r. ■ 
Bnvd't ii » todioui Kud Iimgoid a« tlie origimL ii nprd 
■nd JurdbJe. Tlit* »tT«fTg« tii««jRiT9 whkb hp hu i 
chooi'ii, nnd, for uugfit I know, inv«aitod, b iwivt nofit fl 
fhr Buch B work, Tranf^Utiom onglit netw to b« wnt* 
ten IB n vcne fihich reqdm micli eaamvid of 
fhimi^- T\ie MknuA hci^mna a bod of Proprtuta; 
4r>d ih9 ili"«ghu of ih^ TintVirtunat* anihnr ar* ahfir^ 
uatcK' nckod and curUiJixl tu fit ihcir new rvc^fd^rrle. 
^btt abrupt and yot comwcutiw sEjli of I>anto laifllin 
more ih^n itiat uf hrt other poet by & vcr«iun drflbM 
ill ntvlc, &r»d divided into jwmgnipbi, iar tiicj docvn'a 
no rithor namei of equal lcn;.-th. 

Nothinf( can he Htid in fiivonr f/ Hayifr'a attan|itt 
bnt ibat it in b»TtJir tbui Rr^d't. Tin mmd wm a 
hdrnihlr fLp^imrn of filaprw wuric, — mtbier «lo(3nt, 
and wry ftvblc^ Alt Umt can be laid fbr hii bcrt 
w<;rka ii th^t thvf atv n«aL All that can ba aaid 
agiliiM hti wont b thai tliv/ arc fttdptd- Hv mi^ 
hwra tnulateil MoCa*ta»in tolpmblv. Btil ho vaa 
Vttorlj' unable to do Jmtice to tbo 






I titm with plcaiure fmaa th<»o wretcbcd pcdort»* 
Biioai to Ur Caiy^f tnutilatioB. Il k a work wbi^ 
w^I daMrrar a leparatA dlaeunioo. and on wUck, if 

' t^stt. mill mil 



I 



A 



«■ 



J 



ctincDUtt 05 Ti» nuxmrAL italiak wcEruiM. 79 



Ab ftnfelft w«n Dot drtodj too long* I ooiJd dwi 
vUh irtat plounr^ At prcient I wtll oalv say il 
thera u no Miter wnton in tho warlil, 04 fiir ji« 1 

vinfh 90 &lly provm tlj^t thcr bnmliitor b hinuplfa 
flmn oF paptieaJ gvnhs. Thcnr who aro i^icmnl ^<f 
ihfl Itifiw) Joiif-iitt^ ihonM nad it tobt?com^ ftociuojut- 
fd With the Dirinc Comity. ThoAO who ore boimI 
iuliuiAt* wilb Itiliu] lilcntare should rend il f'/r lU 
wipttol oivrit*: mnd I UJio^e tlmt Uivj thU ^i il 
dMcult lA iWd^mtinn wbrUiirr dm Mttlior A mt rv t^ motf 
pn£»e fer ht4 irtjrTiacj irUli the luiguage g? THnU, m 
Ar Up silrmordinvj MwOiEfy ov«r liia owB. 




CBITICISU:^ ON TllK PUUiCXPAL IXALIAM 

crvb^ii-f ^Mr% jir>^«Au, AtfSi im-) 
No. IL P>THARCH. 

It vouM not Imt <tt!iy to nauiQ «l wrTi«r wTxtw e& 
lebrity, wiurn ^ith lU txtpnl iiid iu duraiioo o^ t«kc« 
mto tbc Boraiutt, oui bv conncUrvd u vqind to t^ 
t£ J'vtnvch. Four cviiturku and a b^lf lisvu «Im|im9iI 
uncv ha tlunib. Vul atUI Uw uitin-tiiuuiti uf urucy 
lutkn tUrou^hout iho vwiorD world uv m bmffitr 
villi hb cbaractcr ind tiin ftdT«ntmn u irhh die mom 
lUinlHcoti luanm, «nd the mo/tt mrent ADordoCm, of 
lJi«ir Jiwn lilftvy luilory, Tftv b inleed k rm <li>> 
tiiKiiun, Hit dvtrmctortt niuU Rcknovrlcdgv tlwl it 
vould jiiit )bto b*«n Mqniirfd by » pot! d«litnt« of 
tnmiu Uk idailfvn will fcarcvly ii>«inulti Uul Um 
luuuntted mcnt of ["oUmrdi cvidd Itavo reued him la 
i1i&£ «auiMooe whicli hM not jot boni uuuiicd hf 
Shikxpetat^ MUuin. or Dunot^ that couneDcc, ut 
fthidi pcrlift[M no lAodtm wriltr, cxooplinfE himMtf 
•jid GmaniM, h** lovtf[ n1aiM«1 |tMwuion, — aa 

It U nut diAeah 10 difcovor aooit of tho eattH le 
irluci thu gicat OMii b» uw«d a oclebrity. whjcb I 



lAiTicums foi THE PWNapAz. rrALi^y h^uttjis, $i 

omnol Irat ihUik dupn>t>ortioii?<l U* )iia real djiirmi ^^n 
the iclfiiLntion of iTuiakiiid, Tn Uic Rrvl ]iIki>\ b« b 
iB cgoHft^ E^>tiMii in oniivKnAT^on » imivnruiltv 

iuh il In vacli uthtfr- No rarvlcv*. iio ImJviiIie, nu pow^ 
en of |4ntiin)£, iviider it c:mIunU(.\ Gntitudo, »d- 
nunuina. tntrT«<r. rotr* »nn»l^ prvvent thoeo ^Lo tre 
QooJtinuial Li> ti->tcii to it &iin mdicaUog tlivir cU«^a 
trul lotigiw. Tho ehildltfdw rnir !<s the pi^wrrfiil f«AU>in, 
cvn »ravc«lj <^tni t)ua coxnpliuic^. W^ IjUv^ llt« 
iftijdo of tb« 11*41) in B »tortn, nnd mount tTio liox, 
vtlker tlixn Ikqc tbo IiiFtknv of our cutut^aiituu. Tb* 
diaplttA bitv« 1m Ijp* in th<] fnstmcu uf tlw arch* 
bt^h'jp. Tito nudfbipmin y%wm ki ttra ublu or the 
Fini Lofd. Td, from whuicvor c*u*e, ifcia pr»cUee. 
Ui* p«l of roftivn^ion, ^v» to Trnlii^ a ml vrliVli 
notliti)£ eW (140 irn]Skrl. Rmiwi^ii ruiIa tliv bi>Ui>M 
Q|imi&<^ up tlii kiiidj .iiid it fully succiToJrd. In 
vur uwn liiite l.^^l Dyt^xi, by A tui'^f^ qF altrimtptt df 
til* ftSDM imttire, ibmI*? lilm^ir tli*^ ubji<oi <-r ;:vii«r«l 
tnuroKt wvd admimiiun. WortUwQnti nr\nc vrilh 
epitfam morv Iiiiciif^ei bni loaa obvlotu; and lie haj 
brtn mtrknJtd w:ili a •crt of worsliippcr^, coiu[Mim- 
lit^l^ «Bi4ll in nuiui:«^, but fju" iiv^m mtbituAitk' in 
ttcir tlcrottoci. It li D4*:^lm tv mullipljr inalanci**. 
Ctt' ' ^1 tlks w>Jki uf 1iU'ist;uv vta mfi^U'i with 

Boii^ ' -r Am^t ivliti AltesN^I tv t^xdw iHir itikrv^t 

by «xJtibitIi]g all LIw fJaiTrtiooi* of ibuir iutcllccu, ntid 
itdpplii^ Un oovcriDg from all tbg pnuid aorv* of 
tlMar iWlni^ Xur bre tlicr« w^nlin^r many vtha 
|ia»h Uwir imitAikm of iht*. h*^e:g»rA whotn tbcy ri> 
ftotbltf A it«5i fiirilier, aiid wbo find it rM^icr to trttari 
m pitlanc* &»tt IW ipocUtor, bjr nmukmig detvntuty 
«d dvbiliiy frm «1iic1i Oi^ are nempt, tJua br nttb 




riaKClPAL fT4LUBI WIUTEBS 



kioiicit Iftbour M tWir 1ie«1th And strvngtli eiMCbble ihcnj 
tn |>vrr<^riit. Ill l\w racftn tunc tho crrdicloun publk 
pjticji Hud p)ULipQr« n [juihUKu vltlcli r«i)titrw oiil}^ (1m 
ircftd-nill and tlic whi]'. This ut, often suocca«fxit 
when cm|rlovcii \>y doncofli ^tm trrttiKirbV fttcInAtion 
to wiu-ki whkh p^joim tntrimle mtani. VCt are tl* 
vraj* deMron* to know Bomething of tlii* chAnurtrr Bad 
■ItUAticn qS UioM- wliow wHliii^ wi< b^v^ |>om*M| 
witl) ptauiins. Tho paxsgw m ^Ukh MilUm b 
aUudtfd to hu ovu circtumCtucoi ftra pcfh«fj» 
nioiT ErrqueTktly* and wjUi inucv iutvrcBU Oiwl 
oilier IJnw In UU poom*. It is wniuing to o' 
witli wltft Ubour cridca hav« WempbAd lo gl«m 
UiA poaniA fif Homer •ome hinU ju to hti aitaatkin u>d 
JisoUjlgS. According to one hjr|Hii]ift«ia, b« int«nM 
to dmcribc Jitintclf under the nuac of Df^nodoctn. 
Olhm isuDtiin th»t Im wu Ukl idvndcsl PhvEniui 
wbuM l£fu Vlyvim ttpain^L Tlus prvpeitaitj of ilm 
huzQW mind «ipbuii», I dunk, m a gt^tu di^grM, di* 
exl«iulr« popularitj of ft poot whow voriu tro UuW; 
tilrtp tluui tliu cx{>re«iim of hiA pcmona) fc«liag«. 

In ilip Mirond plaice, r*4r*iTK ww not only ftn 
i^utiu« Wt on AinBtor^ vfjUkU The Jigpci And £du». 
tlie jo^'i utd «om>m, which ho dcs^bod, w«c* donvvd 
(Kim liio p«»on irliicb of ■]! |nwi«vu eicvU iLo viikBt 
infliwQOT, tatd whicb of aU pMnocu borrow* mool from 
till? iuti^poftlloa. Ifc had tbu Anotlicr Imni^nM 
vftnt»i^ Ho waa l]i« fint amncfU aoutoiy poet w 
i]:>]tc«r«d aher il\^g^tm!t cMiroldoo wWb hvl cbangcd, 
flM only tik? paTItic«l, but ibi* monJ, stAte of t^ forliL 
II10 Grwl:*, whir, id tbdr pubUe invtitotion* and tbcir 
liu-rao' t&Uo, won dkiDOtrictOy oppoted tu tliv unn- 
u1 QBtioot, bor* a conaideniblo rc»mbkiw« to tboM 
iiiiif«-i In ibvir dixnoMtic- hUiiU. Lik« lb«m, t1^ 



i 






M 



CVnCUUe ox TilE rnOiCD'AL IT1LLV» WRITKO »1 



ic9]^«o(( the inlviloclfi and iminurtd ihc pcTMtu of 
ibeir KiT^mMn ; tnJ it wiu unong th^ 1<?a«t of il>e fri^t- 
M tvfl* la wliicli tliuf |ifimictc«i.t mtvm garc bicth, 
IImi ftll tbc ftcconplijJimciib of mind, and dl tK« b^ 
ciiuCMinH of mairnvr, wluchi in a higlily-culliviLUd aj^ 
vUl gcfiuraJly bo ouocwy :o iiloch men to ti^ 
Vdmale aatociotcf, vcro monopolised by tbo rhijricf 
■ad the Loiuiw. Tlie biili^it'imblt- in;rn-'<lient« <A 
^anaanihUi mnd cbivilroufi !otp wrrr notthi^r*^ to b« 
ftmnd tutil^. Tb« mitroaiA ind di«ir finu^btfirib, con* 
6M!>(t in the h&Tvm, — uinptd, Mncduotcd, ignorant of 
bQ but Um i]x«chft&io«] uti, Kaiivvljr mkii till tLvy wet« 
flurnvd, — could mrdv vxdtv mtiM-cvt; whUu Cliar 
IffQEMt rivoLi, Mr p^co*t bolf harjiicji, rJogftai uid 
fioftrmed, but fickle and npftcious coiJd nvvcr iju|)Ire 

Tliv bU1« of «>vWv in RoniL* w««, in tbit poant, §u 
luj>pivr; iDtl llic Laliii Utoliuv pvrtook of tlw np9> 
rkirity. Tb« F&'nun podt hav^i dc^dedly auxpmmd 
lliOM of Greocv in tliv dvliin.-uiivii uf die puikai of 
bn. Tbon b no t&b^cet which Utcjr tmTo ircutcd 
uritb so mucli vocoess. 0\id, Cnt^lu^, Tlbdlut. 
II<irm(y, And Prop^rtiui, in ipite of aII tb^7r fnulu. 
initit b« ft1?owr«d Ut nnk b^ in tlii* diTitrlJiietit of 
tW art. To Uwi« I would add my &vounlic PUutus ; 
«li3, tbough b« ti;olt hui pliiu fruni Grewa, fonnd, I 
Otfpect. lUe ovipnab d bia tuclLoutii^ Ivmale chnnc- 
iBnatBoiBC 

Sdll nncjr crib rcttMinvd: and, in die d^Ino of 
tW gral mapirn, a!) that wai prfmclo'iiii in ju doroostjo 
imtitiitfoiu it}Pp<3i>i3 m*>rf lArm-giy. Cndot iJ»* influ- 
Mcu tif gt^^eiTiiisritti at u(t<:c <lrjh-mJi;iil and ijr/^mucaU 
vbidi pfurcJuuvd, by cnngiikg to ihvir oncnuca, tlia 
I0VOT of tfwnpliDg oa ibt<tr niVJc^^ht, ibo Roiuaiu lutjl 



M CBrn::iff3lS OX tm mroCirXL Itauav vnmi 



tnto the IowmE BUt« of «A«inInAcj anit dvbwvtncnt 
7k1*duMd« coworcBrp, ^otli, nwwioui anil tian?(>inin^ 
d^t^nuUtioD, f«innc4 the njdJoiiJiJ o!i«njcf«r. Swh > 

ticiii.t. L^^vii, ill jAEticiikr, wlijch, in tbo mgdom 
K*a4o of ^ho wurd, Implj» proiocHon tnd derodcn «n 
the one wdr, winfiilcn^r on the i>thtri i>ST>«t wd 
R<lfiJi^ on U>rli, cailM nrit i^xtAl imon;* thn ^Ing* 
j^h and 1itf«rtl«n MUra who rnDf^vd arooiut ihe 
^ixc^pi of UniMntu and Auga^tiiluf- At tKu ponMl 
the fftvat rviii>rBti[JD ovjiiiBvucv*). 'V\w laaiTion 0/ tJM 
nartb, ilvftltittu lu ihisy Kvr« of luiowtcO^ and hu* 
mviii)r, brnQght vritb ihem, (^m iIhu- fonMts narl 
manhw. tlion i|iialitif>fl wiiiii>Tit ivhkh hmnanlty » « 

pondcnc^ — ih« '1f«wt (if ili«iii«i — tb*» ci^At^mpt orf" 
dm}i|^. U voqJJ be mtst iiitcmluii^ Id r:«Bmiriu ibu 
manner in which the ailnilxliir^ rif llio i«vi^ cou- 
qnmtjn anJ the rdlviiuiui^v tUttr^i iift«r ntanj (^Hiicn* 
tiona of darknow and n^ution, produced the nolotTi 
Etirop«ui chftraiLiGr; — to tr^cc hack, from the Am 
conffirt ti> ihe final junAT^«ni4tJ<iiv, the operfttSoa of ilmt- 
nyvUinMU akhrmy, whiL^h, fmm h(wtt1r>ftnd wortlilvu 
elMQcM^ h^n v\iTmc\td I ho {nirp guIJ of hunwn nature 
^to uKilj-iQ 1J1C DuuH, fuid to dotcrmiDe iho pra|iqr> 
Ironfl in which tlie bi^*diLiiU are inln^lHi Bat I' 
Till tonfine mjvdf to the lubgoci to which 1 Lave laarff 
partkahfTy nfhmd. The mtnra of tlw p^Hkin of 
bve had foAftj^ottt k amiylcte chai^. It itnt r«- 
lifitiMl. tnrlciMl, tho hac'M and vnlirptnotut character 
which r1 hstd |Kn?t<*e3 unont; tho <mlheni nftlitm* of 
antiquity. But it wmft titigvd with thu lupontUiom 
vmarfttion with which the nurchuns winfonliad h^vn 
uctulocned (q regud woorai. Deration wad wu tmc 



i 



onrncsaia on tux fsixcifal italux itditw. m 
■i|«rted to U tUdr niMt tolfimn ftnd jmisuoing ^ml^ 

ai>il clecimlAl »lib tbe wrcMlIu of the toonuuuMtt. 
VouLtf, ju in Uh> KDcaonl &blot w u^'n riung sbov* 
iho <lvk «i»i tempcMouuA irfttiK wLich bud ko 'oug 
ChftQvti Lur bcut^. Bill olie rove iu>i nowt ut of old, 
in expoweii uid tu:«uhutii IovaIumk. Stio aull von 
th« c«tai of bcr ancicatt witchfrtft ; but the fbftdem 
af Jujiio vriM ofi b«r brt)T, and Uto «gi« of I'sJIm in 
bcr band. Love imglit, m &ct, be c«Ued a no* p«*> 
iMU ; SAd it w nut uioowbtiig iJut tbe fin; poet of 
aniD«ic« wJw wbollj' liei^oled b>& fcenimi lu tJii« dieme 
tbanld hare exdunl an cxtnardinar^ >mMtiou, Ho 
tmf bo o«n|i«r«d lo an adventnntf wbo acfidonlaJly 
kncU m ■ ficb Mid niUcnown iiUtid ^ uid -wha^ thon^ 
he BiMj <inlj »oi up an i\\-^Lmytd croae u|x;tn U]« stiore, 
aeqwns pj na wi on of tU trtmuwu^ ami givoi it b» 
mm$* 'Ihm claim oT i'vcmvli ww mdoed aanswbu 
Bio tint of Anicd^ Vcvpucd to tlie cootinuni which 
>buaM bavit dorivod it« q^blkin from Ccbuubu. 
The Trovfc;^ pM4« ««« unqiieiiionably iKo mMtan 
of Ibo I'krr^itinCh But Ibcy wrote in an a^ wliicb 
coqU Diit a|i|irKiai» tJMar nuirita; aud tlittr imitator 
Evtd at tbo wy purkid wbm cumfxisition in ibe ver- 
icoW kngiMgB bo^ ti> attract gcoieral ftCtotiiian. 
Ponnh waa tii bi^raiunr vrliai a Vi]«QiLne la la love, 
fhe jvUi:: pTiArmd buu, ooi bcfaiiu hU merita w«fc of 
« TmnHwrr^brnt oritrr, btil becauw hf yrt^ ibo fint peaoa 
mhota tbflj >«w after tbejr awolcu &cim th«ir long rftqii. 
Ko^did Piiraiclj ^un 1i^a« by ooniiariKiD with bti 
iMiMiNliale »iicooeion tbanwitb tJ^orawb^bad prvceded 
mm. Till mure titan a ottitacy after lui deitk Jtalj 
^rodmoed ao [<oet wbo cotthd be a an pa rtd to Iuib. 
rii* darv «f gi^iot la dnubt]f«i to bi? avcribedi ro a 



ak 



1^ csmctsMS OK TiiK roixciKAip iTALLUf omnrKft 

ffrvftt mciutuv, tc Uia lattucniiW whldi hii own norki 
Ittd 8X«roU«ii upon thm liuntiuv ot' liu CDunlry, Yul 
it bu cvswlnced miieli to hk &mv< K^^liiiig » inur*- 
faviKirvlilo to Uio rqitiULtion of m wrtu-r (I «ii U U^ suC' 
et4!dod by ft rac0 infDnor lo luimmlf ; nod il it ^n mI> 
VAr»l«f|c, tirrjm otyrioai cilu>m> macH mortf ftin>|tiendf 
•ojoyol bv iUmi} wIk> comipt Uw iiftboafti u*c«; IImi 
ly lhoR< vlio imprOT« iL. 

AdoUmt amw hw co-opfvutcd witlt thoio whkh 1 Jibtv 
'BwdiMMd to epTMid cIm renown »4' Fvuvrlt. I nn«Mi 
the inlorMt vrbicb i« in*ptiv«l by tlio cv«nti of hh \iifn 
— ftn nttrat vbich im»i baT« boon unmgljr Mt h^ 
biM contanprnrtm, uncvv clW on mtogToJ uf fire htin- 
(jrwl joMn, no rtrtie un be irholly cKoi^t from JU io* 
diunue. Amo^s llw gneax nivo U» wJiusi u« owro tb« 
mnMjtAlicxt uF tciencv liu dcBcrrvt Uie tbrvtacvl pUi*o i 
mJ \m onlhuiiivtic «ti»cluni'ot to diis givnt cftuwooil- 
MJniUfl Ilk nottt jiut ■nd nplai^d tillo lo dm gnliaula 
of pOKterity. He vm ibo Touny of lltvnuira. Ho 
loTfd it wtUi o |i«tfac lore. H« worahtpjied It viib 
«M ahnctfl faniticai ^loroUon^ lie was die mixinnuy, 
wbo prodftiuMfll iu cUMi^vofwa to dUlsiit <xnuitn«> — 
dio ijilffnm* yho imveUod &r and indo to oalk«t ill 
pvli^wt — ihv bonpit, wbo niirod to xoolodoo to n««l- 
liaio oa Its bewidn — dw chaiD|iiaa, vho Cbu^t "^fl 
botdi^ — die conqtierart wbo, m moro dun a nwUfliorh ^ 
in) itf^ws -ed Wbarivn ond ifcnora&oo ir trivaipli, 
vid Rceitcd in Uw c«pitaj cbn Jaard which hi* niaff 
wAuut victory had «ftmod- h 

Kodiiuji (TU) bo rouocavnl tmn luiUe oc affcctbi^ ^ 
Ihaa tbftt DoranDfey. llMiiipcrb poloctoind portii.<ot^ 
by which bod roUod the ivory diariott of M«riua uii 
OflBAT, had knifr mouMond into dM. Tbi? UuroUfid 
i"Uio soidcn mgWo— the •hooAinit Upomi— ■ 



I 



I 



(^SmCHlfa 09 Till PRnfCITAL ItAMAN iTRnita 6T 

Ae q yti rgg utd lh« p<«iur«d CLCtm — wens icirlc«il 
ifuituig t» Ki* viiciuriotti prucuuiosi. 'rii« Kcptxv h»^ 
p— od awft^ froin Uusntf- But «Xk« «liU rvtunod the 
idj^bticr inflociw? of ah intulloctual cmpUo, and ^nM 
vow to eonfo thv iirMiikr vevant at an itttcllc^iuttj 
k4nni[ih. To iha nun who had 4;xi«<;i]«l die iloinia- 
len <if ber ancknt boiipujca^— who hnii erMtiei:! the 
Iii>p1i>ai <if I'fiilMOftlij wad uuogijiatkiEi in thv Itauiita 
of igiMvmncv and ttdrticity^whiuao cii}ili*t« wvn tha 
banrtji of adouniig ualkiiia mcfaainad hy Uia joflnunea 
oThEisoQg — wbooe apojb wure iJi«irt&fUnMof ancii^il 
gooma ivcticd from obscnritjrand dc^^a^v ^iho Ki^rrial 
CCty- ctfkrad th« jtut and ^l^rioii^ tribute of hvr f^tr 
JtmJcL Amiikt due minnl monumeab of anczcnt nnd 
llw ia&nt«TT<<>ciii« or laoJcni ari, hn nho liad I'ualorvd 
dw bnkfan Eiok bcCwisen Uiu twu ugvs of Imunit ciW* 
KaiSoa waa cvDwned vtbh the wrvad: witi^rh lio h^d 
daa ai T tt i frooa diO uudcnM who owod lo hiiu tlivir 
nfifMnml-^froBi dw ancusnlj wfio oir«d to lum Uiur 
kmB* "Swrtt wai% a nranalkm w augtuc wiincwcd by 
Wartmintfer nr by Rbnnu. 

Whao w» tons frcan tltia ^onous qiMtado to lb« 
frmla «bnnlMr gf ihv pout, '— ttlien wv contempSata 
ibe itn^l* pf piLuicvi and vinur, -« tho 0}mi doamod. 
llw «4uBk fkrToiffcdi by tbo teata of liiifu] and licrpoleH 
teir«t — wKfTn wo tf£ert on the whole hittoty of bia 
attachnrbl, frum di« gay bnUfV of hu ymiih lo ilin 
;^^^^■pi»g dn^jpair of hU *((*, piiy nnd n/Ttction mit^rf* 
9t\k wr adaniraiun* Ex^cn afUrr iliiiUi had plwxd lb* 
te Mai na lib nmm\ w^ uw Illhi dcniliog to tha 
smtm of iha bnaaa miiKl all iho rtr«ti^i and onorg^ 
lUdi love aud Morrow had ^ar«d. He lived die ipoa- 
tla af Rturvturc : — he full ita fnartrr : --^ hs w« fcnnd 
iead villi kh lusad rvdni^d on a hook- 



i9 Cmil(?l.'<VS *>^ TUC l-RtK^JTAL fTAUAX WXETEU 



1 




TtMKO fr)u> liftMt vhiidkd iKc life uul writing fli 
P«^lnn:)^ witli AtuntMii, wUl pvrhafii be tncEJiKni U 
fflftkc «nMe icductiofu from tba |iftn«|t]mc^ Jt rami 
b« demtJ tltal hi* in«nia mff« dtfU^foiwi hf w. matt ui 
pk^iNSt aMoettitoiu Ha juaI fur lalctf%tuj« couimiinft< 
rated ft DR^ of fodmiiy (o &Ii liia fbdingi aod 
Ions. tiU 1dr« nia tJie lovis «f & somMiaar: — 
[Atriodim wftn llm patnotiam otf" uk uiiiqiULriftn. 
inl4T«at iittli wbicK »« oAnk«n|ilfli'' ilw work*, and 
rtody tbc hiitorvT of ihoK «ho^ io fbnn«r ■j;:*'* haiie 
ooci^iwd <nir cooRtry, uiwi IttiiD t\m M*ocifttion* wfcidi 
w wiwci tbfin whh ilie ciwinuuutj in wliic^ wv cimik 
prind mJI the objvcn of our adl«ctm o4 our h<fa, 
in Oie mind of Pcmrdi tJiese ftcfiags vcns TtrtsrwL 
H^ loT«d Ittlj, hofliiiaa it Abonndi-d wtUi the noni^^ 
ni«nU of ilttt unciMt mMU'ni of ih« world. His ntfiT«| 
city — l!ie &ir and gVonow Florence— Uw tuodcm 
Al^«as Oi«n in mil Um bloom anil itrvogtli of lu yimth. 
cuM avi ublwii IrcHu 11m» nuvt diitinf^uikhod of iu 
cbimtt. uij poftioo <if that pMrimwto hooag* wUcii 
b« paid to tho dcorvpltiide of Bono. These tnA mnihV 
otbtT Ucvkhct, tliongh ther mvat m rmtdaat bo a^ 
knovUdgcd. »n bnl in a Tt^rr alight dcgm diiainuh 
Um Itkvy uf hu niwr. For mv owp part, £ look ttpoa 
it with H> Much foMlnoM and ph^asura that I U rdb^ 
mtt lo tun (rma a tu th« conUenrtJoa of bit work*, 
wlikh I by no nuaiu ^ontenplato with VftiaX 
tiOB. 

KffnftheloEt* I Uitnk htghlj- of th« pocdcd 
0f P«lnr«k. }|p iliil not fttumr^ tikdotid. the 
fTrnnjzlr fx^it^iuig MHiaiUe obfvcta to the inumination \ 
--ukI tiii b tha tnore nantrkaUv, b«caun tbt uUori 
ef wlikii I ipcdc h that vhidi pMalinfy dMngnUm 
ll)p Italkn potia. In tho Dr^xm Comedy it ii di« 



ft work*. 



J 



fffwy «d«bt«l«d poviit in ihv limgiiM^ Pcrhttpa thtt 
b to bo utriboted W tli^ cir^niObUncoi tliat inditing 

jTi lt«ly bfi^orft poftlry httA hern rarmAiT-fltj r^ulcivAi.^f. 
Ubi VI19V debtJTt^l from book«. bul iin:^<t%t')miMl frum 
dttUbood to eoRlentpbtii the wlminfalo worlu of Bit, 
w]ilc]i, v\vti in tho tlitili.HrntJi ci>oUtrT, Italy bt^n M 
poduer, Hur-cc tbor iuu^natjoiu ri*cuirT-'4 to ainmg 
a bs OttU 'evch in tbdr writings « (u<o Ebt gnpiiie 
**>ti*MtUn is lUMwrniMc. The profTTOM of tliinfiis in 
EngluhJ bM hfir^ m til r^Tipnrts rli^fnriit. TlK<tfnw 
■t^uvtvro is^ Ihkt Eni^isJi ItEfttoricBl pifinrfe «tt poein* 
oo rMiTWfl ; wlobt lulkit pocnu mre picture |*inlcd 
to the miiul by m«uii of w<ink< Of tills daUomI 
elmftcernitic the wrlciTigi of Petno^ Pre almmt total- 
Tt doriitoM. H» MnDdM itxlood, from ibfrir m^«vt 
sDi! ntere, wnd hW L^tin popiii«, frnn the restrftinti 
wWb slm^t ibfttkle otw wbn vriM in « dntrf hn- 
pfliget eutfut &Jrlr be nmived in ei'ideiMTL Bat Iii« 
TVioiBFlis DbpolaCfJf required Urn iixcfdmof tbii IaI- 
«*t, aikd cdiibol no iiuJicatkinM of \U 

Grmitf* however, Itc fifrtiinly pcMtMcd, And j;«tiiiu 
rf ft h]£[b on!i.-r- His uilent, t«nd^t anil mngiriftcMmt 
tvm dt lboU]Kht» KJ^ brtlliuit foiry, bn rr^nunand iX 
r«|Kwi(i&i t1 ocioc fri(iMt>F« and «l«gft&l^ muit be *^ 
jai«iw1«(if^ Nmtnrv muvit him ^r the prii>c« of l^ric 
iTriikfv- Iliit 1>r onn fittiJ prv»rnt eIiv <)L-i>riTed her 
jth«r pfti uf half tbeir vnltw. H« would hftvo Inm 
i mwh ^^rottfT pof^c lind ht* bom a Ices elcrcr mwi, 
IIU tn|;nnutjr w thf? bftmt of bif mmr). Tin fthnn> 
ion«il the noble and tidinrd ttyte, in irhkch ko mif^l 
haitf nci-UMi, fear the conceit* vhkU ha prtHtoce^l with 
frcBi^ et (Doo admirable and Uitgualjiig. I li* tnn»a 



m^ 






fiO CHiTicitfii!» 03C Tim i-HiwTirAi, n'ALUV vtnuu 

bJiG ibe Rointtii lAiiy Id I^vv* wk* Wiiipt«d by ffaud}' 
oniAmi'nU to betnv th« fuUieMCS of ^lt Bt/eO){ih. ftoi 
i>ic Jicr, njbi i-tutiiml bvnatith (lie ^ittoring bij 
irJuCll Iwd *<t-iluc«<i her. 

Tbu pnitdtjr of Iik ibuu^u U very rcniBiiAbl* Ii 
ll iiDpoiilblt U> look witJunic uRUKanont bn ■ miod N 
fert;^ in coimUiatJOMi, yut bo burai tj( itangcA. HI 
amflUiry ptri7lry in vbollyinJuUDpof a wry few tupci,' 
dH|H»MJ ill to insktiv ordun, Bi^ «j[lubil«d in lo nuiiy 
UgbU, tlul it rcsnindi ii« of cJxow aritJ]mctk«J [iitkU- 
kuiiMbout f«nnakitioDs, ^Uicli to much AkIoimU Um, 
unlcuDcd. Tlu) Krtuck couk^ wh*> U«U«d i^At 
coukl inoj^o liliooii dldorviit tltibui wat of » nculo4<i|j 
vriu nut ft i^tvttier lUftAUir (jf Im atl Tho nunJ 
Pemmh wMt a kftUkloaciopi^ At crcij tarn it pn^ 
MObi lui vritti n<iw fonnH, ftlw&yi &nU»lic, occjuioiuUljr 
buiUihil; «i>d w9 (sn »CArcclj brieve tliat aU Ui«f«^ 
vuivlNi luivii Innn producud by Uie iviw wuvtJilutf^ 
ftifiMaiM of gtiH> Tlie umoii^^M or bk lanigci i*t ii^ 
d«ed« IP «c«no 4^w, to be mlti ibut«l to the nokak^M 
of lUi !ial^i<t. It ^vM W unr«uonablci lo cxpcdl 
perpctaftl VAriolj froan aa mmxiy Irnmlmd flonq>o«u>oM, 
ftll of Um* wane lc«|^, kII in th« tmrnc nmurOtUid all 
■lidiwod to tlie «»De imqMd and li«uiiifu co(|<iotU^| 
I (Anaot but mupoct sUu tiiAl ihm pcn-ortrd U>t< 
wUoit lA Uk* Uctouli or lu4 wuolurjr ronvi wi* tu !»* 
«ttribtit49d to llic inflwuice *j£ Laii», wbo pnUiljty, Ukir 
BOit crhia of her 4ex, pnfcnoi a p>o4f to a ml^c*- 
tfaitylK Betliww EimR^, be ito oooner cdiaaeca hit i 
C|1l^»^ l)un hfi rliHCL)e*«t hi* rauiriL-r. WLrai bv *fif k^J 
of lUc ifffxiit^ nnd di^^^rKlalion r.i Iia3y, ilm^iUtn] b/^ 
tbtvign invnilon, anii but fEcfalj' dw^dod b/ li«r poail 
%niiwHu cLIklmit tJi« dlccniiutc U»^ of tbo poiuietUct 
W «xdiaii|Ettd for % ciy* wild, and Mlonui, Aod |>Iwxiiig m 



^^^H^ 



1 



nunntMB ox ma rfcixciFAL rr^i: ax wnrtss. H 



6at*h''<h pn>cUiiiw<i"SJvepiiomnre'* b> Uu- hlioAj 
of i'Mwtlor. ■* luiy ivnniE ikot to fbcil h«r fuflW- 
cacbiiM Ikv ioipoMionwi po« ; " docrcptt, tlu^ 
pill, ftnd Uoxtiicl, wm fthe »lc«p flbr rrtr? Will tbm 
fe noo* ta BVTAkff l:«r? Oh tli*i I hml mr hAtiil* 

Kor ti it wilfa Jcsa ■^iJ 'gy Uut be iji;ji<mtiCM afmiail 
tbv Uftbuiooimn llsLbylim Uw vvngvuie* oc Europe ucl 
of Cbrau Hit niiS^ifioeau oiunwratlfM of ttie bdcimiI 

■nd cMUiM bv pvTUseeJ vUbout iho doqwit mtcroat, M 
a titDB wImvi 0^0 wit« AZ>d flood, bditeriv dl»^)|>otni<d 
ia ao iDKny oiber coaniiiei, ah? lo^rikSnjc ^th hrathloB 
AMbocjr towvtU UtfT iuii*l bnd of librrtjr, — iTia flrld 
of ManthoAt — imd Ui« dapJUyiiitowliMv the Lion r^ 
LaceiJjeiiirm ttirnvd Ui bav.^ 

lib pQvm OP nlj^iotn nl^^ectt d«o dnerr* Um 
ii1f)>«a co»i««iiditiQa, At the liewl of tliote nwt bu 
filuod tb« 040 u> iho Vii-gin. It i^ pc^Upt, the 
fiMH Iiynui itt tbc wodd. Ui« dr^oui vvnaaboii re- 
■wiyni ah cxqniiilcly poHicAl chMooter from tb<« dtJifote 
p a mp d oo of d:ifl m^i and lJt« lorrlirnu otf hii idnl, 'rrhieh 
vro nuijr fiatily linc^ ihrmif^ioot t];« wbul« oo»ii>ceitiarii 

1 ooold dw«U wUb pltoAuv on tboM and kiviUr 
pvo of Uio wniinp uT I'oCnrcb ; bot 1 vnimt nrtum 
tu hh unatutfj i>oetn- ; lo tlut b« eouwtvd hia luno ; 
md to that be bai principaUj owed h. 

Tbo pvvTiiiliiig ddbct of bli bolt eovpQiitioitt cm 
ikb nlJMt i* ibe unK'craal briUkm^ witb wbieh ih^ 



I Oa Wl gtfl AU par da hbIk; 
I' ma* 1^ k^n*' >Li vTTtlt* •mn t ' 



qiini>tjngli«*0waait 



J 




drnciSHs ON me 

m Ugfased op. Tho noptunl Inngwif^ of iho 
la, inik«il, ofton tif-uniiv« aod &niuttc; ntd vhk 
nono n tliii mArc tlir cmo Uhui witli di4t«f Ioto. SiiU 
Uiiira ift • tattU Jh/f Mii^ thcmliU mdond. hnt-r tbnr 
DrnnnicDUt K^^'^i ^^ ^^^^ ^^ oIti|;»nii vctniin. tiiitf 
■hoTild bo otiibcr miiQIiHl hot cx|kihkL Tlie tlrAp«ry 
■bonJil be !■> uraig«cJ, m ili oqc* to answcd- tb« i«^ 
poiM of modoii C0M0Mlm«it and JtadMvm dnf-Uj. 
Tbo tlooaniliaM iboiild wmedmu bo enqtlorcd to bid* 
A tIcAcU tad oomedmoa to beighioit k Wu^r ; bw 
nerer to conceal, ouwb loM lo dlMort tl^c diarnu M 
wbich 1I107 aro mhli^tfy. Tb« loro of PHnrch* «n 
Ui« odotrftryt anmys ifftelf lik« a fti|if>Ult i^ivAfC^ vhca* 
ni;>*c M bored with m gold«ik niis, wboso «kitl im pvinied 
willi gnit4»c|w fonuA and (Lu/ling oolottn, and wboK 
can 4re drawu dova Ua ifaoiililm b^ th« weight of 
jeirck. It U a ndo, wltkont inj caccpboo, in all 
Jdikd* of compoittioiit Unt thtf |wiiidpnl idn, tli« pc^ 
doniuuii fefUaj^ »1iouM nortr be cunfboDded vrLtb tit* 
aoconpanj^n^ dpcoraiktu. It jibould ^Etvict^lv bo d]» 
tia)(iiiali«<l from ihem hjr srvetivr aimpticil^r nT mpwo- 
nom ; m w« rrcdj^nuo Ni^wlcon in tli« pictnrea of h» 
baltW, uhuIm ft crowd of Hnbrovdond ooui ana 
pliaiH«,b7bM gn^dook and lib bat wi^ouc a featb* 
or. In iJio vcrtA of Petrarcb it i» gcnoatljr imposfiblo 
U) fmf «)mt ibougbl u nuant to bo prominmt. AU ia 
equally daboTat& The chief w«ar» tb« wno g o rRoo u i 
and dopaidinic lirarf with hu raciiroe, and obtainaoalj 
hit flfaaca of tho inclifibrMt ttare which vro bMiow npda 
ihctfl ia cuavnoa. Tho portn* hare rvi tcrtmg l^tl 
■Jid thsdi^ DQ baekgraandt no Cbn^tpraund ; — tli^ 
aro Gko tho QliupinaftMl tf^ana in aa orieDtal toaiw 
loript, — pli^tj of rich ttnu aod do Mnp^ctrre, Smh 
aro tbtf fiuilu of ibo laoot oo)«bfaM of tb«ia cmi^» 



1 



I 



camcnott as nu muicirAL ttmux wmrEiss^ ttf 

MliodBt Of thorn which bto univcnslly aclaiowlciliirJ 
to W W it b 9C*TCCly p^flslblo U> irpeak mriili puif^ucp. 
Vd tlwy Imre mitdi In odrnmam wiUi tijrir tfilpirdid 
eflfnptfiMn*. Thay ^liArr from llirrtu, at n Mnjr-^y 

vC Cloth of GJiL Xbtvy hmra dw ganditmm bvl noi 
iW woKlib. llu ODUM briong* lo (bit nonMro«B cl«« 
1/ final«0 w]>o ItAVv 00 otjjMtion to bti diny< wliiifr 
liny an bu tawdry. When fail briUknt o&ncclu aro 
fflMitwd. fan laipptioa tbeJr pkce with mt^upfayitcd 

friUlBit fi>rc«l aatitheacit l>Mi pv'^ *>"! rr^nUd 
tkamdmL In li^t fifth ftomnt hn may, I tlitnlt, ha tmd 
BO b&v« touDiiM ili« lovr«at cbmo of ite BMhcw. 
Upon iive nhotrt tJiti pveee nay be ivlely imiooaimd 
>u Ut tliu wor<t atUmifii at poftTTi '^ ^ wont bi- 
Irtopt 1 wit, in tba world. 

A ttrong proof of tlva tnuh of thtt«i criliciiw i^ 
thu sln^Kt tU Uitf fconncu pndsM oxaeily tho «aiBo 
d&ci en Uift mlad <if the ruuicr. Thvy reTuti.- to all 
1^ wioBi mooli til' a InTTr, hoM ji^ to <!#^iair ; — 
y«t tfaof *» peruNdt ai &kr a« my vxpemnci^ And oImm^ 
Tatkm hAv« jEonc, wid. vxnciiy thu nme £?eLiiiAj T^o 
&ct iff dial in nong of ili^ia iir« thir ptuMon imd iht 
hn^miiiitj' mixtd in jtut pfuportKtfik TLeiv n duI 
tfmgh aairiiMcni to dilou: the ca»diiiHfit» which are 
tmph^ to seuoH tt Th« rq>a*t whkJi ho mu b^ 
(ire M ff UeoU J^ th« Spvitsh vtiiinuninoit in Di^- 
4ra*« ilodt jf jtrvb^, at which ibe rditb 1^ aJI Um 
Aulicft and iwctf wait or«Tpow«9wl b^ Iha cnniBon 
8aT<nr uf «|«o>L K^.-N^fivifa, — fuwl,— ovrt^fhiiig 
u tihiv luted uT nolliuig bnt nd p«pfwr< 

TV wthkies of F«irarth nay indvid niflvr and«> 
MTPtdly frnn ono oum to which 1 lauAt aliudov Hb 
ttllvlofV faftva to modi ftioilftmMd tbo oir of lial) 




CftinCHUa Off TUK IVXCtl-AL ITAUAjf 

Ln<J qT Eurr^ lo llio fiiTourito ta^c* of trntmut* flat' 
Ufty uid luDtoUtion* tluit w« cad tcajct^y tlltnk tlina 
oripnal when wc lijid dicm m llie flmt nvUior i R»d, 
c\vn whca oiir itRdcMsnilin^ btv^ ctmmeod m iltfi 
rJif 7 were new to tiinii tliej u« Mill oM li> i& TtiM 
bu been ibe bte <if muiy uf tliu liii«*l f«itAjz«« of i)tn 
mi>*t udiDOiil whUT*.. it U mtJ*odioly u> tiu?^ « 
lioUv iliooji^t frnm vlage to ttafle of ici prateUMi ; la 
vee it tnmfuniad &wd Uw firvt Ulottrioiv vrusrer to liu 
knqiMTi, twiMJ, wid ttini«d M|cun« ftnd Skt but bmag 
ori k BToreMTOw, Pt^tnuvit liu roallv Boflcrcd mnch 
fruin thi« cuuv. Yet thkt be Alwiiltl have «o jnfftred 
fe a miflfeifim proof tJnC lib «icollnkce« wet^ not of do 
bighttt order. A iine idav tw ttak^n : Imt th« pfiTT»i]« 
tug *prnt g£ a gnal pnrt h iial in Im ftiinvpCltMUAly 
vlfljiiiwd W a giliiguniL Tb» cuatiunn) iiDitatioci of 
Inuntt^'dvo otEiittnoi hat IdV Uomor iu it fiTntid liim^ 
If vr«ry timllo and omy turti of Dm!^ hwl beon «f- 
loil Ion dionauid tiraoa, tlio Divine Cnjoihedj woaM 
li%v« fBlobiod r]| ita freidiMHS. It wra «wiy for Ibo 
purter in Fkrqnliu' u> fkualbr Bean Gliiic^or, hy br^ 
rowmg hi« laco and hu pulriUfi, It wixild liatv iMtt 
morodiUcaU Uf foiect Sir Hurry Wilchir. 

BHurv 1 <|uit ()ai bubjvct I miut duTctid PcOvrdi 
iVom oiw wM^iiiatkiiu wbicfa it in tbo promt diy fi^ 
qumilv bcvni^hl ai^liut hhiu Hli MiBnei« atv pn^ 
m w a ceJ faj « fa^nc'^ arrt of crvtirt not lo poueu «-rfaiii 
^ualllini triikih tlMy nuinUin to \n* indii^tnmblo 10 
•onuvU, irjib m noeh nmlideiK^ and at nnirh mnoa, 
ai thvir pr u t Mty pea nf old uHiAtiid on tJio wkilifw of Iho 
dmnMn 1 am m oxoi«rjc — iittoHr nnaUe 10 <!lc- 
pbalo tbo mvitttrfvi cf tliis nuw pQ«(k»l fiuib- I ooty 
hiiDW ilut it ii a faith, wiiUli Moqil a nan do liovp 
tnr# and «adeffled« whlioot doubt be itaQ be f«llod ■ 



I 



I 



I 



Uoddiaii I cannot, botf0V«r, rt^rtdn froon asking 
«!i4t U ibo partkuLu vin^ir wtilcb bciloiii^ Ui fuurlMU 
M ilMiJiif^iiMliiiil fiMia all oihvt iiuflnber*, Do^ ii «riw 
&\an lb Urin^ ■ muIlipSv of ivveu? Haa Hi'st prinripAtf 
ui> raTitfvice to tbo sabbvioal oniiuufeoo ? Or k It to 
ib» ofdar ot rb^raoa that tHeM alnj{ut^t ]>nij>vni4« are 
aOadied T Unliappily tho aooiMsU cf Sb«k.*pcarc differ 
mM mocii in tki* rmpcict fr>>iii iI^a^a of Ti^trHrf-li, u 
from a Sji^iiwtdii or aa octava itaoai- Awjiy wiili 
Uiii OTitaeuuns jfti^oti I W« hat« [lotW dnirn llie o^ 
T^psia tji ciiliortb. 1 IruBt tliiil w ahall ntfvur I'jI- 
siBlo die G<iiudly pvdiuitic und irmuouol dwjxjtUio, 
wiudi aoiae of tii« rcrrdnlionnrv lewkn would met 
opon lia ruku. W« have tioL dotBtoiiod AriaUrtle and 
Boamlnr tliii. 

Tb«aa •oaiiev£inci«T9 iiroald do ir«n to ivfidct tJinl, 
ikomli tb« itykr vT I'tftrm.'^^h tiuy d:^! lui: tlw vlaiuLird 
vf pvfvctipn which tlwy liftv« dwwn, tlu>y Im iwdvr 
gnaa ob^gaiiocu :rj ibttse vvr;- poonw, ** tlui, \tux for 
P«trarch, the auamn^, ixvccnung whicli tlicy lup^luio 
#« JmBriottity, wonM prvLaUy never havo attrvctcd 
nattoo t — and tKat ta 1i>m Utcjr ova the plttuuru of 
■dnimngt uu) ii>a ^<V7 of cranpmin^ pMva, whkli 
MMB 10 lutre b«vii pruduccd by Mut«T Slender, nilk 
ika MTwfinrn of h'a mui ^laple. 

I cKsnot ooDclud* theae rtmarka miiiKful mokiug n 
lirw DbttOYtttkMu cti tbu Lolin mitiii^ of P«tm^ 
It appnaft ibat, botii tiy luuuclf and by hai contcmpcH 
iBtica, Uiaaa wise &r nkorv hlglily Tduod than bis com- 
ftfsiiioiv in tbi: rrrnAfnilar l«ipia^, PoMcdty, tbi« 
miftr^aaa tnirt of lilffmiy a|}|>€a]t ha* inA rmly ivvcrW 
Jm jodlCBWCit. but, Jtocurding to iU ^-ikPntl jirMc^km^ 
it with Qotta, at>d cMidciaii«d tbc uiifortunit^ 
rka to pay, Dot ooly fuc tbatr owa inforkitity, but 



^k 



bIm taf ibfT in/iuttce nf Umw who kftd gif«n then u 
QnmfdtM prffnrmcf^ AikI it vamt b^ ovmd tint; 
with'Tat iDdking lu^ flJ|iMr«n^«!« for tHe frimtm^fnnrM 

ft v«ry favoumLrlt) jvtl|;uiviit. Tlt«y mwfi h9 comi 
M «xolieit tnLivj>lajitod lo ft Ei^reigit clraMtv* %n4 
\m an nttfrvotvrabk nhuftrion: And h iraubt bo 
reoMfiabJo to npe^t £hMii them t1k« boillli sid 
■Hgonr whieli wa fiml in Uia itidij^mi pluito mroaiid 
thfitn^ or whit^h ch«y migbt th«MMlv» ktVtt poiiBiiii 
iti thdr mitiim kuI, II* baa but very imf^^S^tlj 
imitACod lli« *Vfht of Um L«lin ftullimrii, And ha* not 
coin|wiuat«d Jur tho Ui?fici«nc/ by ciiriclung iIm 
cicnt |ju^[iug« witii tho ^cm of moilvm ^foHry. 
The fp1<mdour and iri;^uity, wlikli wo adioifo. otM 
iclii-a ir« CDoilcfnTi ir. in ht) ftuJivi worlcs, ifl •hooii 
toiiHj muiting, and only t)lmni»t«« witli f»rr unl 
OMMional j[KTm|v>«t the drvary oUtfarity of tK« Afrvat. 
Tho Mlofimi liArtt mam aninBatiiMi ; but lti«r am 
only b« nJIwd |>ociiit hy coortoty. TM*y lix* ? notKif tg 
bi ccnunofi witb tint irriun^ in bit ii«tivo kn^t^iv, 
ocevpt ihg ot«m*l pun nlKviit lAiim and Daph 
Notw oC ihcB« wOTkd wonld hnre plnft>d him on 
level with Viib AT DurhaiMti. Y«d, vh^wi w« efitn* 
pnro him with Uion« wbo |wvf«d«il bin, ft^Hm win rtm^ 
»iii«r iLoc h« went on tlio Ibrlom hope or )it«ntiuf% 
that hg wBi ihv fir«t wbo porcoiTvJ, flnd ibv flnt wha 
■tlvmi'Ud to nrvin*, llie fbivr doginvda of lb» lo- 
rient tuigoigo <if tbd wcFf4d, wc «bftU jwrlitpa lldtik 
nrtm lii^y of Um ilrnn of tboM who covid twv«f 
Mvt» nirpuui! bU bc«iitioi iT thc^ li«d noi inbeHtetl 
lb«m. 

H« hns atptrec V> gnulile the pbiloiDfiliira] ilo 
qVttkre fiT Cimo, m w^ll w tbt povtioil mtjcily ol 






i 



ivrnuAiu OS the riu!»^u-AL trxux^s iTHniu. 9T 



Vtr^. His ca«f cm the RonkodiM of Good ukI Bv6 
ftinare » « lingBUf work, in a eeJIoqaUl fbroL, utd ■ 
ovnl At'hobistBf MfU. le KvfoA to bo frftuMxl iif-oh Ui« 
Kodd »f ih# Tu*ciifciu Quif»tiuittt — ^Ui wliut ttuo 
ibwti vlicj bav« nod U onj wKily duternumi^ It 
of a Kn» of tfidogHca : in «Mh of cbov « 
pcnoD Ifl inirodoood w)u> lias cxpctkvicud aonu Inppjr 
or mne iidreTBC crmt i he gravcljr jiiAtfn hii cam ) 
%TiA A rr ttw afr, or ncbnr lt««iMiu iwrv^iti^Nl, confute 
him I M la«k not rory diffimJi, viooe lb« ilimple d^ 
iwili bit pcaitian onlj by purtiuacioipjjr r«^>«sl]ii£ it* 
in duKAt th« taai9 irnrUs, at lhi< i5iid uf i<Tt7y snci*' 
BOM ^ hi* anta^otuJiL In llii« manner I'vtruTfli 
iotr» sn ixnmmiQ variety of c«m«. Indeed. I 4oah 
vlietlie? it would be poMQiI^ tn xuunc uiy plomtre or 
tay <4ilMn>ij vhiolk il^w:* not And 4 i^I^lci* in tJiU divn^ 
utjun* [Tv jflra exctUvnt ftdvjo ti> M tnon who isin 
Eipuuuiwn uf ducovtriag Uiv j>hkkiO);ib«r'< Mojiv;— ' 
lu mnotJivr, ^ liii lia» firotfd h fine arur^' ; <-» tu 4 Uiin!* 
»lw U ddi^Eucd witij tlin tricks of a b\xiunlD taoMkdy. 
Hk loctura to Uie unlbrliiaito are vqutllj lingnkn 
He Menu to inuiipiM thit a prcofdcnl m pdot b a 
fofiri'ot fiimaUtiLjn for f^vfarj r.>i-m of ^iilf^-rin^. '* l)iir 

Tfoy/' rvfJica hn ooisTcvlw. *^ My wiTa lum cjopwl,** 
My* a»o(i)yr ; ^ If it bi* bilffn^Jiec] to you oncv, H 
fcipjiOMd to MoiiibLui twica'' Oiic poor fcUov a in 
pmi difinoi ai bavb^ diMXJViic^ dial h» wi£»'K noti 
b MWi of hb. "* It ia hatd." a^yv hi\ '* Uiat I should 
law kad tlic tstp^am of bnnj^iig up i>w> w1m> li indiA 
trroiiomc*" " Vo«i are a mail,'* neUma bi« nwnitor, 
fiRitii^ tke fiuouiA lioe cf Tufoaoe ; *' aikd nolkiikif 
Attfi bilo Bffl to any otbor xDait ovghi io bo indifaratf 
o fnu'^ '**ho pby«ca] calatoitka of tifc are not om 



ns ctunctsw ov tug i-vixirTrAL ttaluv WBitnt& 

t«d ; aad ther« ii tn ptrtJcidtr a i3i«qmQtMm on tli« 
td>nuitag<!fl of harin^ tk« iifh, vUch, ^ not coavino 
ini;, b certainly rrry tmtwn^. 

Tli« mT^tHivc* tir) Hti tiitftfirtnnATn |>hjmciui, or nltw 
cr upon the inodieoj icWncT* burv more vpirit- P«^ 
tTtHTh wiw thoroit^My in wim«t on lh» labjvct. Aii3 
tho Intttmca* of Jiii l^elir^ (x-ciUfiuiuLlty producco. id 
tlw Bidit of libt dAsaiotl snd vclioli^itic pedontrja a 
•pntcn« wortliv of iho soond Phnif^ptc Swift lilm- 
xJf tniglit limyt: ^ivied thccliapier on Uic vauM of 

or his Lniin )n>rk4 the Kpi^tW &re tb« iDcut 
illjr koovin ftiid ■tinur^- Ai cimpodticcu thvv 
Cwuiul)' ropcrior lo bu ov4i)'>. But their «xcellenoe 
la Divly conpanth^ From bo Wge ■ ccJkodon of 
ti^ttcn, writtcdi hy m rminrmi a man, dunng » vatiod 
and 4Tvenlfiil a tile, wa sbonM bav« Expeded a com- 
ptelA and tfiiintcd vieir of tbc titormtun^, the mann^n, 
and tl>a potit)e« of tha af^. A trar^TW — a po«t— « 
»diolar — a Wcr-^a ooartivr— a rvduMt'^bu laigbt 
havo parfisUiatvd, in an tmpcBi«hab]e recuxl, tha furoi, 
and pra»m« nf ilio i^ aad body of tlie ttac. TboM 
who rrod tut comvpDnf!f\nrc, in i}io bopft af ftitdhi^ 
aoeb inlcimation «§ %}m, will bi» ntudr di«a;>point«d^ 
ft c«nUiDa pothbfl c^bancleritdc of tbo period or of 
tlM indivkliiiii. It i* a ttiii^ n^^ of Tvtter^ bul of 
thtrtDiM; aiid, as it ift out t^ierallj known* might ba< 
vnr}' saMy ciii|^«d at pubUc «;b<»1« ai a magaainfj 
flf eonuiMfi-plactt. WLcihcr he wriu on potliicd td' 
iha Baipcror and iho I>a^ or vnd ^Iricc and cod*' 
•oUtion tt> a phvato Mntd, irver^ line b crowtkd «itlii 
akamplas and qaotatiofi*, and roonda big with Anx' 
tgoraa and Seipfto. Swh wua tha intcroC aicitnt hj 
Aa I'bv^bvT of Pdnrch, and »ndi the ailoiintkia 





aut»ca3i0 CUV tux ntwcirAL italuit wkitw. 09 

mhieh n V fcJt Icr bia vfnKoIvy at^Je, ih^t a jnM witli 
tiAcuJl/ llot iiH letton roachod tbu pLioo cf thisu ilttt- 
rittiwi. Tbo poH de«cnb<s wiiJi pr«icfiiM regret 
■nd fttl oooipUcocj, tJic bnixxltiBitj of the <^iirioit», 
■bo iribm oi^CTird, And nonicCiinc^ iHolis ifxMv &v>mTit« 
aMipOAJlir^U. lE iA a rrnivkAble &ct X\M^ of •!) V^j* 
tffffltt. Uiv Iwt atTivifd ftiii t)i<Mc whSrh ^^ «il- 
Af»«d Ui th« «1okI Slid llw UDbim. IfoUiilig tan b« 
nnv ftlaurd ihm lot vHiini oT coMpofnx gnvv lettcn 
bT expoBliiktkin ftivJ camntffiKliitioin to OJocnt aiul 
Satocai yH Uuw) «£nui^ pi;HuruuuiC09 «re wriiUii 
Ja a fin* tivw^ natorftl nuuutcr tlun hi* communioAtionj 
bo his lU-mj^ rdmftjHjiKl^tj. But ■'■f aJI lib Lntio 
vD«-k« tbo prvJBraiK* mvut be (pvcn lo ihr EfiirtU to 

■NMt boaoumbltj' botJb to hi* bote and liit li««H. If 
W9 cmn niako aikiwuici} for touw of tbo of^bcivd 1ji>> 
mOtiy of an auxltoFt v^ »hall p^rlupa think that no 
Ausrwrj niMa la> lofl a uuvrv pltxsitig sHimoiiiU of 

In ccodmioQ, «« mi/ prenoiiBoe tlijit tho works of 

IVruch nvre licioir boib bU f(vniivi anil hii cdebritif , 

PhI that tb« cinr«AAlanfa* undtr «hhirh h4 vmCa wom 

rai adrcTM (d tba ilerdopiiicni ot liai powun m (Jwjr 

von druuiabk 10 dw irxiBlMi<:^ of hia &i3m. 



SO«K ACCOITNT OF THE GREAT LAWftlll 
UKlWKi^ TEiE PARlSilKS OF ST, DEN.MS 
&.\D ST. GLORGK IN THE ITATfiEL 



i£<d^$ <Mr«r^ Jf Iff— s Afitt 1«L> 

r Airr t 

Turn parish of Si. Dontiii U one of Um naoa pJi 
fmru of llie eotmtnr En wUi^li Ei h rituAi«d. It b 
die, wi^l w'lHyteil, weQ wMcrnI, rjhI of ui evcd] 
oir. K<v mviy j^nralkinA liie nwnnr haH Immi' 
)ioMm in tAii-fn«k hj ««onih]pfiil ftmilj, w)h> 1mr« 
fthvttjr* takua proc^donct of tlwtr noighboiin M tb« 
rwMi anil tiM MMhinB. 

In mcMat tino* tba oftin of tlik poruli wm ad* 
nmbntwi b^ « Coart-BaKm, fn wbioli the frooholdm 
mra JniipMS tiid tlio nft«« witd kvi^d bj adcct r»- 
tiii*! fif tbe fntiahiiAiit hMitRhalitvrs, Bnt ot langth 

lii«AO good CUMtODM fvll IDtO l£sU»0. Tho IjOrdi of iktf 

MsNor, bukod, itUl InJd oouito fbv fona't mke ; htM 
UiAT or thdr lUtwArdt lijul tho wholf* nuuuifffrinctit 
offibiri, Tlksy dt^muiM xcvion, <Iu1m, sud 
In wliich tbij had do ju>t tiUik Nay, tlw^ 
nftrni bniig octuoni ■guoit tfatv Mq^boon for tbeii 
awn priwio ndvaaiofcD, tmd ilicn wnd In tbo bill to ih^ 
pirwli. No oAjectuo wm tnodo, daring oiviT rrttn. 
to lliiiMt jirtinvilimg^ to that tlie ro(«4 W-camti hfavja 



ik«; bid 



i 



sr. OHVnB jJtD ST. ccoJoGi: IS run uatib- lot 

tad bMrivr: nov wic any p(?»on cxcKi|>t<d &Dn) lh«ip 
fainri*, vxcffic iIm IboOQan mkJ gnselwopcra of the 
H]Qin) and cfao rector of llw jiartsh. Thinr irvlocd w^iv 
nL-vvr clujekiJ m any itxpcm. They wo-.itd cixno lo nn 

ibwU thio lliftr (wck«U| uiJ cuiie the pour mati him* 
Mt£ If li0 went up Co iIm grout hcram to complilii, it 
««• b«rd to g«l Urn Hp«edi td" Sir L«vrif) ; aod, indoed. 
Us onJjr dttneo of bdi^ ri^iusd vnt* lo coax tlio 
«|iitw'» |««ttf boDMiLoopvr, whi> coqIJ du what ^9 
|lwiii(f with ber inftftlcr. U ho rtMitnrMl ta iiiundo 
■pen the IfoH ef die Mjuior wilhnut lhl-i prorwilioTU 
U* fcaJTicd nnthing Ijy ht* |iaiii«. Sir I^^wiit, mdivd, 
vottkl at firvt roddrre him witli a cK-il Cicc ; lu-, lo 
put him hja Jua, ho CouUi ba a ftnu (j^ilkviaii whan 
y, plwMd » Good day, my iH(«nd," b» -xmld «iy- 
»wh«l dtntioQ lmV0 yoa m my Aunllr?'* ** B)««t 
|rvitr boomtrr' aayv tlij> ponr ftllow, »I am noti>n« 
if roar bdnoor'd ecrvsnta; I roil a mruill piece of 
pmBd, yttar honour/' ** Tlinn, ran r)og," quoth thn 
■fqifv, " wliAt do yoa Enea^i by ^ivitiii;; Uvt^ ? Hm a 
giiiiiuitiaji iiD^hinif to cJi> but to hear tlif? c<«iplaznt« 
if«UiwTii? H«T«! i'luhp. Jamas l>^<:^t >'»» iKi* M- 
luw in n blatiict; or ihick hbn, And set htm in tb« 
«udv tu ilry." 

Otif* W ikM pndowL Lonfa of tbv Manor cfirloMd t 
hm fi^ ; ■»!, in ofiW to iiodc it* )»* teiioH] aR the 
inrttj fvi fiiviit titti )i0i ifoinnu had hri^tt|£ht i]|i, wil)]- 
Mt fHirinff Ihinn a tartltLiiif. ur ukm^ their \vttv^ It 
«w a a»4 kky fbc- Uw pamh of tit. Dcium, Inilcvdi' I 
4i* pal bdfaiv« that aJl hU opprNRvv vxtettoiu askd Jong 
mIU wnfrd tliD p«or Icointt «o much w ihii crottf 

Vet Cor a leaf: t*'i>^ ™ H>^^ ^ ^ ^'^ i»eonve» 



Jft 



lOS M< L>H\^IS AMD ar. OEOflUL Ufl fUC WATER. 



1 



umomt St* DunnisV wm a rtty plenMAi pboo. I'be 
^pU «oul<) Dol ivtnuj frcon cnp«n»e if tlvy Imrd 
tlio soniad ^ a fi<Hl^ AixU if ili^y wt^ra LiuJinoit to 
be noUynt, Sir Lewu lijid only to aeru) Bji* PtiDcli, ot 
tbe lUneiTt^ 1^^ ^n*! E^l ^'^* ()[tW A^in. Bat t&ii 
couUI ii'jl lut for ev«r J llivy Inr^Aa lo tiuiil mere miid 
njaro of tlu^ir cciuUition ; and, ai Iwl, A club nf IlioW 
DWuUwii, gOf>l-foT-iirHliing rawnU WM Ixilii «t tlii» ligQ 
of th« Devil, fur ilic ptirptno of abuiiof; tW aqwra nod ^ 
Llic panor;. Thg doctor, lo own ihv tnilt, wm old ■ 
and tniitjlvrku uitntmelj hi iumI t^i^-dy' Ho h>d dim 
prcKlied 4 lolcnUft Mnnim Itir & lonj^ liiiw^ Tho 
Rquire wu lOill vntrw: m> tli«r, |tarily bj tmcH Mid 
pATllj by blMhijiid, the eUib »t4 lIk^ vli'jia pwjdi 
^ffuntt tbnr m^niun* Tlw boys KnwJcil csncAhm* 
of tho cl«r)£yijuin upoB Um cliurcb-dMiri and sliol at thu 
Uiidlurd iritii jtvp-cwit lu hv rode u timiliii;;. h w«i 
BTon wkifpcrtd nbo&t tLal tJio Jjord of tl]« Mnnar had 
00 ngbt to lib «0Ulc, onrl ili^t, it' U won conp«ttaJ 
to producer tho od^ial lillL^*«lf« it would be Ibimd 
iJiAi be ai\\y bold ilia i:t«uiA in Lr\ul l^r lh# iiihftbiUubli 
oftlMpviJu 

In tJi« meui ti8i« tin ftqaif* «•* pnavcd iDoro 
mcffo for tnoa«y. Tlia pttridb oould pay hiu laoiv. 
nclor nAmd to Ivod a fiulLmf;. TIic Jeivairavck»>l 
onon &r iJiuir »on<7 ; tatd tbc Undlord hftd no oUi«f 
rt«f>Qrc« thui w <M log^vtliiT iko [iilubviaAtA of tlm 
fArink, uhd lo rvqui^ tiicur ttuuUuicc. Tbey ninv tt>> 
fAck^ hbii fiini>«fly »boiii llim pinvAooA. aiid in* 
lutod tli»t )m >bou1d rvtinqoiJi bio opprowre poi 
Thtfy inwted tliiA lik ftMnoi nluKild ^ ivpl in Drdur* 
that xlim paiwn ibciuM pay U» 4iai« ^ iJitf r«t«^ 
tlin cblldrvn of tlw loriah slioidd be allovrcd to fiili in 
Jie tftmi «rrtf<Bi, and to ^llicr bkckbcrnQi in tlrt 



Eanta 

rtlia 
r a>- 

rduTrl 
thfttV 



i 



iT- DDiKu Ami vr. 41COIM1: J3i ruE vxum. IOQ 



kdfii. 'i'lwy »l Um «ri-at «o fur «» la dumuxl :fiil 
hfi ^Iwuli] acknowlwlga thai hv Itcid liiv ivUlIc -^Ir in 
tnuc Ciir Livn* Hi* distT<«s <^m]iciloil hbi 10 suUniu 
Tlicr, in TvEum, ai^tcil Ut Bt-t ban fr<t iruin liia p<?ritn- 
krj dUHcnldaa, ami to ntffor kin to in!iAhit th^ manni^ 
luni*<» ; ami tiolv HUfLCwnl Wini frnm tim» to ijeii« by 

rb« tkcighbourirLir ^-ti^kiljlkn «lul U*A look OA tiMi* 

proc«*dic)^ with uiuch >^':rii^bc«r)c-y. It i« Cnio ibil 
Kr Lcwki ami hii uxxsturv liad plagued Ut«in wlUi 
hi«<«iuUt vid Kffrufiud ihvni at oowitj^-mMtin^. SilP 
UiBjr |K«i«rt«d Oto BDntmce of n gnitJ«Ttiui td t)Mt of 
ihe rabble, nod felt mtom ucKvinou list iLe t:cuiii»te 
iJMald infect tbeir own unanU. 

A larff>f I'^rt)" of tbeiR ntH at |H« >»0Li4e of Lord 
Cnnr Oennain. Lonl C^isftr wu iKv iiruuthftt nma ui 
Iba eouDlj. Uu fiunity va* mrj^ ttio^cnt mv\ ilttutri- 
tbuugli iiot |>arlieul«Hy (fptibnU Hu Itad bi^'lted 
of \m wealtbj itc>t;bbuunfc, 'Hierv via Mrs. Kitty 

■liaED lb« oin»er'« jufv tiad {'*>urA a verdict nf acd- 
AmtM} deatk, but itho$^ li»le \md lurrcrtlidp^ c:\dtL4 
•tranga wbiipani in tiio ndghfionrhood. Thrrr irai 
SqiUns DoH) tlio owwr isf the j^rviLt WMt Im^n 
|n^M9lVt«bu Ha> not n ticli as hv lind rotioerly b«n, 
kri itiU mtaincd liii i^ndci. kiuJ kv[*t up lii* cutkivnafj 
P«np M Umt bi' bd4 f k-n^ cf plai« biit du bro«ci;oi. 
Tbwi WM Squtrv Viin BJundurbaskm. wlio liad nic- 
BBodfiU lA tiMr »tUot of bn vncl^t old CuUoicl Knxledc 
Vm BlaMfarbittBeiit of the bonarv^ Tlie colonial was 
« w^M^tikr old AJlov) be wed td IfAtn a pa^ of 
CbaOLbasd'a gnMunar, and 1a tnutjilalA Ti^i^nia^aA, 
€■117 Ukurnbii^ and be k«fit <ii Frendi nt««U7t to 
Uhi to pulayvo-x Nvi^ortlukM, tw ww t 



A 





iluvwd clever ituuii >jm1 iui|>rovud his «ii«te watli m 
mucli ciu^ KiiiMtiiD9 bj Ikokm uhI umrtiuia Lgr ^ 
hoiLiME mcuii»i duit h^i Ivt^ k vu)r pvlijr f npor^ to hii 

Uvd C^o^iur poarcd oat ft glftivof Tokftr Ra h 
Si.]l\}\ ^ Your hiaitJh tajr iUmt fnAil^nit I iifiw i 
yotx look tDoro cluuiiiiojt. Vny^ whjit tliink yon 
Ulima i1l>U3|^ At Sl Dcuiui'* ? ** 

" Fijie dtiJjigH I indwwi I " iiitiffTUptvd Vud Bla 
btUMUi i " 1 nljJi ibui uv bftd mj- «M norlo nlive. li* 
would huTo kiul >am of iIuchi ftp to Um UbvrtL Ht 
kuttw bow lo uae ft cfti-o'-Bbo^uik If tUngi ^q m 
in thia wajr* a eenlkaun will Bot be oUc t^ bnsewlup 
KD impviikiit lanikcr, or lo My ■ dvU wovd tD ft nriHi 

"IfMleodf it'» rery true. Sir,** ««id Ha, Kilty i 
^■tiieir iiiMlcuctt u iutdurabto. Loolt st no, Ibr in- 
lOuico: — a j>our luitc ^aucuhaJ — My ilov PvuiPckMlJ 
1 Iinvd Uim : — to I did t ftud, when bv ilii^U I ww vo 
byMcricftl ^'ou cftniMit think. And now I cftnnoi Istt 
on the nna uf ft dvcoit fuuiimui, ur txkt.* & wnlk wU 
ft tftJl grecftdicr bclkJnd mu»jiuit to proccrt nw ftm 
ftuibdoua vB^«baiuU, but thty mtut liftve iknr 
worn feotpiciotift i ^^ oUiont CKdioro* I '*<-» 

'*ThJ«iiiUit bo>lup|H?d,*'rT]iUiRl IxQ^OflHftr. "* 
vu^bt tooontrbat« t'>hu^|»rrt iny |Nhjr bro<li«i^-4ft 
ft^unrt ih«»c niotli. I uill write lo St|utru Oudf Mt 
tbil aubjeci by (Ju« aigbt'a puiU Hix nfttiie n ft|w«]rt 
%l 1I19 iMftd of (wr couuiy Mih«onjftiam-" 

Jf Uie people of Su C^omit'a bft^ been ftofrry bdbn, 
llicy were wiJi tu^h rdftJ wficn tlivy brsrd <£ tbk CQi>t 
renftlwii. Hir wlii>1v |iftriili roi t«tb« Uftiia^lmoM. 
^Ht Lvwi»'« SwEU jhjrtor nliut tb« iWr ft^iiBt tlimi ; 
ml tbcy btfdte lu fttid Lnuckod kirn on Um hmX ht 



mm 

s 



^ 



] 



ar. c«5!ni ant» str. ammvi tx -nix wxrat. 10£ 



inpti^oncfi. TlMgr then icbccl tho Kquitv, linotf^t ^ 
him, pfltcd him, dttdced hiBa^And CAnrieil him lo tiia 

Inrmt Itii vi^ vul buid, nM f^ii tii« ciiMrv^^-i^iv bj 

li ]ipnch< Tbt7 icnldKit uat Uw liuU whicii ir<n 

tf tongB tnd piftT^ ia il^ar plat:Oi Tbcy mti Jiu organ 
plijring lo tinutiixiio itxno . Iiutcnd of being fIccimUjr 
mU in ckurdu tliny were nitm'«l iyr«r » bmoo*- 
tfck. ttm, C>f aIJ tMr vrlitiTift, the [t9«r of lti« now 
|U«Mt cwet-tnp* VM the moit rcrawlulileb 

Tim tnp WM ctmnrtivUd an * oomjiMvIy n^n jivji^ 
d|Jfl. It vOEuUtoi <j( a cKttwr Jiuu^ in u fnunc lik<f a 
vindow t iHrJtun my prar wrobdi ifut i/i, down It cbuh 
wiiK a uwaondom iUr, end took off hi« bcwl hi s 
tvlaUkt^. Tli^ got l)ie ftqiur« iniu one <if 'hcM 
In onler to finrrctit uiy of )<i« fLirtimiiii 
Iptftkig fi^ocinp; in clw |«roh>, ibcy pln«i.^ tnpA ^t 
Mimrr. fl waa iMipoaublc to wnik throu;[k tfa^i 
MthwtjT >l btT«d Bam nilhodt tumblinji into one or 
«llivr of tbvu. Ao n>*ji cooH £i> About hin buuiwv 
bi •vciiHly. Y«rt »» iecvme au iliv Inirvd wbich tb« 
ittfaibitMUv iint«rbuiMfl Ibr tho old Einuly. that a fEpw 
dt(«iit bottort [«»ptc who bcggDd ibvm to taka down 
ifai tud-cnpii, and Ut put op linuuui« mait'inLpa En 
ikair rount woiv rery roughly liandlnl lor thcar |;oAd 
•ft ram- 
la tlw nmn tima tbs n^ighbonrinf^ ptotry ondt^rtonk 
a wt ai^ntf iho panik on the li«h»lf of Sir f^wu'i 
hcsr, And ApplMd ta Sqal.v Giu'If fsa ft4 k^vBtnnoc. 

Brarrliody knoirv lliM ^uiiv Uw^lf ia iiK<rvdHH;ly 
tidd i^ tkut atty ^witJvtBan in i)tn ilun. He couhl, 
Und Lbnn no bvlp ; but Iw vvfomad thvni to 



106 ftr nnnns avd it. on>nat or the ititik 



XI>Mi* fiood people had kn)( borne m j[Tudig« ag^uiul' 
their noiglibowii on Um otbcr ndo of tlio atrMUi i ■dAI 
foBw iDiuutJ troffpuen b«d kUrlj oomrriHl wbicb 

'Dicre vja an boncM IfuImaui, a grrat ftvoflrilt 
among tlircn, wlro WKiJ to CDE«rtftiri lh«in Kith r^n^ 
^owv, uid to nblbit A Qu^ UjQlcrcL to the fhtUicii 
on winti-r «n>Tiiiiif;«. Hn lud gon« ^<ut« nud opon tJiii 
mb|cc1^ SomvtJsiri lii* u-uuM call ooii in ibe tniddle 
tJtn ttrvd — " Tiiku '<4Lni ot' that curiMT, n«igh(HMori 
Itir tliv luv« uf Huxwni kwp doar of tltil jhm, Oim^I 
in a ]4itent »tL<rJ<tnip (yin<M;a!o(l thonmhoun,** Som^l 
titnot bo would bo ibaarbo<i by fK^tlul drran* ; 
bo vrould ^ np At doad of lu^bt. opm bb inad<>w snd 
cry " fire," til) tbo paritb wm foiii«d, and rbe f«iginf«B 
Moit for. Tli9 |nil|HI of lU PkHdi </ Si. Gvotc^I 



tmnMii Itkdv lo UJ ; I boliei^ tb«l ibe oiJjr 
WW Uiftt lb* ]iar»oii Iwd ^wn too fit vkd hstvy j bol 
DoUung woQid p?mmdft tUo bofMvt okan but lint it wm , 
a *rlicino of tbe ]>c<iplo al Si. tlvniiu*!!, ai^l tJial tbr^M 
Slid Mvrrki tltmo^ tbo ptIUn m iwW to I^mI: tbir 
Tvcf(>r'4 i^^k. Oni?« bo wi*nt aboni witli n kiuf« in )m 
jpO^ot, and told n\\ i\tf. porNnnv wUm» 1p« iitct thai i| 
bad b«<«n «hafp<m^ hy ibo kinf^^riniltfr of tlio n* 
pritb lo <^t tbeir tlinj«bi. Tbcic «Ktfa^<apuieiti ha^'j 
ft S'Wt «4«ci on <h« peop}« { and lb* m-^nrv *o bfeai 
iJiuj vrcni i;*potxic*l bj &qittro Gudf* .^U'ttTird, irbi 
wax tbiT inott iaSneeitial |>cn(on in the ptritb, Hr wui 
a very Cijt^polcnD man, ^^rrr attMnti^'c to xhf mail 
c}iAncr, and tlip idol of tbo old vnikn>Mi, bctantto 
Mver iiIa^kI at iikrlll4<» or d*iK«i| wiLJi tlio §^Th ; aadi 
kid«ed, Dover took nay recmdoD but that of drinkiu^^ 
tn Satnnlajr uigbtii v^ bit IKand Han^, the 



vr. tiK^xib ANU fei\ GEOiu;^ ts tiik ii^atix. IOT 



putttr. Kii bupporton <id\'!4 Uia Swoci WUJiain 
lit mnaim the Boitoiulcu Piu 
TUt pMple c^ St. Dcuiiu*^. howc^-er, lioA tltdr aJvo 

|«n«li, wihOM gTAl fcmwirjllin' hiut bevn kiiorked on 
Iks favsil nuui/ yt^r% bdbnv in « tqimbble bdwowji (hi» 
|vrUU luui 4 i^mtr liutdlorJ. 'Hittn* wa« Dick, lL« 

ft tJvTcr droit fdiow. AbtfVii kII, tbcfv wiu Citoiloj, 
ihu puklkan. b JoUy. &t, hi»ost bd. a groat IkvnuriK" 
wirb Uic! wotavo, who, if he hod not buvn ratber Um 
bvui 'if ■]■» and rhork-furiiiing, wauM iiar« bwil ikw 
kvl luUbjvr ia llir nnj^i^jurliood. 

" Wy Im.v*." Mud Cimrlcv. *■ U'U b oxcvsdliv^y w«II 
far Ma^bm ^onL : — imI tiiut I iroiiJd sp«k nndvilly 
of iiv ; *^ put n|) tny |jdt-inn in her best rbon* blc»« 
Lor lir Ji t Uui, I UT, ihiH U vrry vrrll for hvt, n/td 
far Lord Ca&BT, mnd S<^«iiv Do*i, anil C^limul Von i — 
kl[ w&ial i&ir ii it of joura or mino ? It in not to bs 
WMMknyd aU thftt fc^itlmiifn nWuld irith to Iwqi poor 
p*^4e Ofit '^ ibur own. But it is airwijce, iiuleed. 
iLsl ' ild oxpuct tLo i^Qor iIicsdkJtw to oomtaiM 

tffiMtn. i.ii:iL wvn intunso- U tW fUba itt 9t#DM»- 
I i«*ft •bottld MlAck lu viT tuv<; tho law m&d our cndgdj 
to pnK(«l iijta Bii: wTiy, tn (ho mme of vronclcr, u« 
«F lo atUf^k ihcm? Wlicn old Sir ChaHc^, nho ni 
Lonl uT liu! Miniw* fomrjiy, and ti)o panon, tvho vu 
(4iM-T]toJ by hrtti to lh<< iiiin^-, tried lo buJlj^ tHo vl<b- 
ir/t jlid Mil wv knock ihoit liiad« to^Ec^*^* »i*l R^ ^ 
-aivtiog hi bur J«fwnub Bbif^ub jirtAcii ? And did 
ibp S^idn Don, or iiic fmmi Sir I.«v^ tJiat liv«d ai 
Ibst liiruk, or ih< Gfirmuna, my a word o^ost uft B» 
1* Uiikl yonr 9Wn basiiMA>,niy Udti Uwk* BM le 



b« hftH fnr natlttii]^ | and wc, jou nuiy bu furUi ^l 
bftve ro pKjr the vluJ« Ull." h 

NovorUitlOM tbe pcopl47 of St* G''i:n^> wure r^ | 
■o|r«d t^ Uvr. Htcy cdcd out ia«t Juttily, *^ Sqtiin 
G«df lur «vcrl SitmI Wllfuini for vrcrl Nl> »t^ 
Irqul" Sipnn Guudt' u^jk «U ttii* imj«aUv fuuuocD 
vlio ha<3 woni oltl 8ir l^owi^a httrj into lib Krvicv. 
Tliej vr«rv ltd in tlie kii<:kLf»n on th« very 'lovt of ttrerj 
thing, tJii^ngh tJiGj liad no vulcvia^t Mjuiv pfoiile, 
ind Uiiepau]>«n iri pnrtirdtfi fiumblct) ait t S ww pn^ 
cawrlrnfli TIig nicwEittt, htnrewr. dvviierl a waj^ 
Iwep thiBi (|uioU 

There hod livod in ililx |iuiih &»r niAity jmm 
«ld gDiUkmuiu iiAuwd Sit Habctti Corp<iiL He wai 
aftid by iono to bo nf SftiOA, by «nii* iif Koraitta, «x*i 
troftion. Soone nuinUinr^ Uiol li« itm not bom till 
ftftor liio limit nf Sir Cluu'lca, lis nZiom wo liatv lwl<ii^ 
■Uuded- Olhvn ar« of oyuiiuii tlmt b« was a lugUi* 
maUr laoii gf M titdy Mapn Chftito, although li» w«i 
long ooruMdml end l»pt out of his btrthrighu Ccvtiin i 
It ia I1h£ he wfts a rvry ben^xtlvnl pcvson. Wbenorer^l 
Miy Ivor ti4low im takm up itn grimivh yrhvM be'^ 
thonshc iiisutBcicni, ho u«id to attend on bio br4ialf 
and bai! bua ; a&d thnft be had Woioo inpnpiuUr, that 
io Uko diract niauarn ngauiti luio wa» out uT ilia 

■MUrilDO. 

Tho Movtrd, BOC«nlin^, brmtght % dc«m phvui- 
liui to cmidno Sif Habwi- Afivr tymviJtatimi, iWy 
raoorud thai ho iraa (a a T«r}' Bod way, and nu^ht noi, 
Ml aftj acoooM* to bo mDnvriNl lo icir oat ^ t^vvraJ 
moutba, Fortifiod with thu anthofilr, iho pariah oSi- 
otam put bioa to bnl, doaad bia windows, aiwl tMrtwi 
oii dioon, T1i«7 paki him vv«rr aH«ntuin, lod Iroir 



I 



ST- tmnns AVa* sr. QRORap. a nw. wAti-ji. lOU 

tiiae to tioae iMaed bdkiiiM ^ hU hf^kii. 'fliv st«v- 
tnl E)«v«r >pnfco «! htm wii{i^u>t ii«ckring tUti h« 
W llie \r*9ii geuUtfliutil in tiiv wurM; bat exocU 
Im can ««* lokcn dial lie ctwuhi ncvor fiir tai nf 

WhfD ililfl obttule wu imaovnlt ibe Squire vnd 
ibo itewtl lcc|K the poriili in oxcellcni <inl«f ; f!--^fr^:itif 
tl)« mait, tfnt l}iaX Ttinn U\ ihe »1orln, ftiul |tih!i«i1 fof^ 
vud till* lmw-«uil vitb ■ nuMt- ilktv^unt vi' ?ipcn»L* 
Tbrrj^ wflvTt, bo«r«Ynr, iruitiog ctUior in tkill or in tbr^' 
t«M- And »TrQr llitiig w««t a^nic ibiuEi Kftirr Otmt 
ml pgoiwrti hftl b«(pm la vmpluj Sulidtor Nnp- 

Wbo iJoc* not kaaw iha noiac ^f SoJictii^ Nap ? At 
irhtt alclioatie is not bi» bduriodr discuuod ? In wh&l 
pnniF«liO|i i« not lik ptctnre m^tl? Yei bow Uol<i 
Uitfli lu« bcffi uid ftboiit kim 1 Some pMfilcr hob] llint 
hm uhI Io ipve laudanum by iiinta lo ha tiek cJer]n< 
fbr hi* auMenmtL Otkorv, wbcse luuaW Im vtry 
nttdk (DcroBiMl awce bu wm JuUvd by iJiv i^aol rW 
Ittnpwv ovncove tl^ be wkj ibe very motlrl uf liEnimLT 
mtd ffto^^tmJmtvw I ttftU try lO tcjl tlw tnitb iibout 

Uc wat whuc^Hj aa rixiceneni aal idler. In \ias vay*| 
«e tvrnv tfaaanrpajnaiL Aji aonn m thn \mtvh brgian 
to MDfikiy JiiflBa iljeJr cauao IooIe « him. In a vrry 
]£td« ttma ibL-y wl-td raoo^dcil ; and f^up bvcaiuf? rich. 
Ha iHnr aoc op ^ a gtoduum ; took jHMMHion of tha/ 
oU PMiw^^mwa i fotinta tliBCoanmEaionoTtbepaaca, 
■od atfootnl to bo oa a par with tbo bait of ibo c(Mn^» 
lie tf>¥aipf d tha voiitnaH m a^M^Imdy a< tbo okl ftmUy 
Ui doDQ. Tcf, Id ^ve luM bb due. lio tnana^ 
tJitnip vkh &r mufv ducmtkin than diber Sir Ti«<i«'i« 
JT <h« riuitn who hod putlail ibf Lonh of tlio Manor 
WtL Hf k«pc hii iarvanu in lok^sbla frUer . Ha 



no VT nt-zcxM A-n> st- flwacni! uf tbz vatu. 



ramorod the bImI tmjxi frcon iIla taghw^js wnA Uw 
eom«<»or i]io*tr««t«. fh^ttill }«ft ft fow indt^iwl in ili« 
man v\])ow4l fwrla iif liii |jnjiiuH» ; taid b«« vp ti board 
aanonncirLg ifaat traps und «pring ^uw wvn wi in lua 
grotiBdiL He brought xha poor pAi«0Q bock to lh« 
|ari«bi imd, tbouf;b k« iIkI lunt nathh Itbi lo kc«p • 
fifto home Mod A cfmek » fbrvM^Hj^ hi? tMilvd him io a 
miif^ IMt* n)Ua^ and aJkiwrd bin a plirajiaAt pad* 
na^, Ue widlCwaahttL t^ charrb n^-nin ; anJ |iut tli« 
■toc^bi, n hbdi had hotsi En«cb wjuiLed ot Ute, inio ^oud 
lefiair. 

With ihq wdghbcnirin^ j!<*<try, howvTor, be wm no 
rnirniiHto. Ho ^faji cnftv Will Utk^cmiL H« ctnd 
uotbfDj; for rifrliV tf he could niM & poJai of Uw 
B^ftirui thcnw He potuukd tJicir oaitliv brolw lliuir 
bmfeea, and ardimd tiittr t^naaiN Ihtni ihrcn. Ho ftl- 
most ndiwd I^>nl CH««r wiih actinsiK. in «v«it oim of 
which bo m nicevMfid, Von BluBderbiBten wont to 
Uw tfiih him fnr an dl^god CfoipaM, Imt wa« cMl^ and 
abnodt nunad bv tbo ouiu cf ml. Hv omt took « 
&Rey to iho wat of Sqairo Don. vho wai, to i^ iho 
truth, l£itk bt««r ihon an Idiot. Ho oakod iho poor 
ilopo to di[inor, And them ihraatoncd to Inm lam tamed 
m A hlanktrl nnleai bo wnuld rooko oror hk totata* to 
him- Tho poor Sq&iro *i|nwd ond ord«d a do«d by 
urhk-h tim pmpcriv w aonjcncd lo Joc^ a hroUwr of 
Nap\ ill mm lor and to tiio um of Nap hinuilf. UliO 
tvnviU, Inwtircri tUrad ouL TbC)' uiaJiilMiiod tbot 
tho oitalo WW oiiu^lcd« ai»d rafiMed to pay nuttv Ip dM 
nrw kndkrnl ; and in tliai rtAvd th^ woro rtoally 
vtqipiBtod b^ di« profile In Si. Geotf:t)'i. 

About tJio inno tine Kop took it into hu btsd lo 
maUih whh i^nalitjr, and ootlitnj^ wovU a«r¥0 him ImI 
vno of tho Mm GrrToaini. I^oni Cmar »m[« lilM 



I 



ar. mss^ i^o sr. okoiub tx nis irATB& 1 tl 



« iHAfwr; bat thet^ «« no bcJp for iU Nftp ltd 
rwici} [rut CKCcntioiu tn hU pniidpal readmcct ■'^'^ I^aH 
ntfiised to dbdiu^ dio bttcr of ilio two, iQI bo lud 
ixlovted • bAid ftotn Bli Lardih£j)» wtiii^ oon^tttsl 



■M frF m »tK«t »«». 



A CONVERSATIOa 

TOlKBnrO tUE OREAT ClTa WJUL 

«IT DOVjr fiT A AltTfTl.rUlH Or THE KiniltK TttirtA 
<Jr^^l ^MFfflT^ JTo^^aW, JkM<bl4 IW.I 



•*«• It* 



m«nioniUo di-httc, nh«rnii I w» s liKkner, and two 
m«i nf p^iinsint fiarcsand gi>'»t TVfjMlftti'-iiiJiwCKinAri; 
hv]^m^ tiiJit [nv fnuuli wiU uol bv ilivplotuvtl to Iiaw « 
rocord botli <if the vtrii^ timot throu^i wliicfi I hnvo 
lIvoJ, i^nd of tho l^JiKnu HKii trlih wljom £ havo ooo- 
vtnwd. It chuKXHl, in tliu wnnn uid bcnutifiil ^pnng 
of th» jeir 1665, a little bcrnrn llic uuldnst imnimfr 

tliftt OV^ r^OTliIfPTl Mw, lliAl r WCnl to OlC Tlowlrij;;- 

Qrocm •! Picc^Jillj-, vbiOicr, nl Uiat tune, the Unt x^t- 
XTj nadn ccniiaunl nsnt, Th«rv I i»(4 Z^lr. Cowley, 
■Iw UkI Ut<?l7 Wl Bamcliwk Tbon tr«s tbva t 
hoop* |fivp«H[ig (bir Tiin oi Chorti^: ukI< tilt li 
thuulij bo finiahfd, bo ktti osnc up for it than ttmt 
U> Loniiou, tint htt m1f;bt ur^u a nul 1o bia Gt«e« «f 
Burlcini^kftm UKi:}un^ ^rrtaln knd* o/ hf-T Mftjcs^'ft, 
wbvi-vof Ii0 r«f|ue«l«d a ]«fu«^ 1 1i^ tbr b'>r-rniir Ic 
W liuiuiaHr ac^inintcJ «riili Ihtl woirtJir ^eatU'viu 



Ua vJUbiT CIVIL WAJL 



ua 



wad mc»l (>xG«Ucut pout, wlioco ikatJi batli been d^ 
pl«r«l witli oi piwnl a con&k'Qi of ftU I'owcn lliat ■!«■ 
%lit in tLu wuodi. err in \-vn^ or in liyit^ u n»i of 
oU thit tA D^fthnu oar of OaUui. 

AJW io«^ ialk, wHirh il i^ not muTerbl lo *<4 liUjwii 
t4 Ux^i cvticcraiiig ^> iuit uii liii vvxalinns il th« 
nmrt, irkcro indoixl Lu< )ii>ritnt/ dJU hJiii idcti^ iiann 
tbui lu9 |i4rt» cvuld il<f hiai j^m)*], I «ntrMtwi liini ic 
dine wiUi mc at my l^Hlging In tiio Xcmplci wMch hu 
viM oourteouaij^ itfouii^nl* Ad-I, tluu so cinltiojU a 
)pi«!9t miglu not krk a bctlrr vulcruiniituiil than cookft 
or rininm <%^(i |1r«vt^^^ t i^rnt ti> l]i# kniui* of Mr* 
JotiQ MiIluq, in i)i« ArtilIflf7*W'«tk, tu U.<;: tUt h« 
M-Duld tito bv luy gnetL fcV, tliouifh hu lud bwa 
4«cr«9Un't iiT>^ M tii« CooiLciI ■>f Si;iU<, K^iili all«r tJiat« 
to tke ProtoiTtot. anil Mr« CowJo^' kaJ held ihi; uuno 
fMM ut>dcr tbc Lord St- AlbdWft in hit Ixininlmacnt, I 
lui|iod, notvitbatandinf^. tbat tK{'V would lliink iKom* 
H^nai rallicT irnit^ bjr llifiir conimon nrl tlijin diniied 
hy tWirdiHmnt fjtciiiXtiH And *o iii(U«il il {iiYiToit, 
¥or, whilo w «u M tiibJ^\ Uic^ lolkod frvcly of raA»y 
OKA nnd lluii^ mt ^vll «id«ni lu Bii><U(n, wiih murli 
cmlitj. Naj. Mr. AlilLon. irh^ tvUuu U>4U.'d waiup 
btfth Ikstuuc of iiB nlngi Lt U:iaji(;raiiC(; fuid bccniLMi 
•f kia f^itil, dn] iDura linn onw pledge Mv. Cf'wlc^v. 
who w*» ii^dct-d no bf-rmit iu dipL At I^bt, ^>i>jl 
h^Kri, Mr. Milrnn bqggo:! tliat I vroiild opr^i iho 
inodvuo^ "Kaj-," nod I» *' if ywu do^in* I'oni) aii 
■ad rvoints, ir^nl «l«Dil1d liuidcr uk ai Uio bveujngf 
« bb* Oven miLJug fvr an bour ou tZi* rivur?'* Tv 
^ Ukjt bolli chctrfully c<7ihvnt«ds And Torilt 
««lk#d* Ur- CovJt^ and I U-idii^ Ur< Mdu>u b<»- 
twtwa v* to Uv? Ti'EUpIo Stdn. Tb<«v wo took a 
>«J I ind iboio? wc were rowrd up tZw rtver 



* 




Tli« wind waft plcvttnl ; the crmln^ fine ; the sli/. 
l}r« Mrth, dtiil lh« watrr bMurifu? to \^oV npun. But 
Mr, t'offlcy ftiiil f li*Id frtir pp»w, and taid nothing of 
*lw ff*y *i^ljb4 arouud w*, Irir *• AhfxikI U>o Awfkfi^^ 
|iemiD<l 51r. MiltoQ cd' lib c&kniiij; irbprvof, lioir* 
•TfTf 1)0 hlh^IdcI n<i monitir: for sonn lie nid nullrt 
"Ah, Mr. Cowloy, jou aiv a happy oiAn. Wist 
iRvdM I DOW give but for on^ mtirti look At thfi fan, 
tnd Ih^ watrfA, and thn pirdpt» of thw Ibir rttv ! " 

"I know no*." aud Mr. Cowloj, " irhptl»tr wt 
OQ^fil Mit nilb^Y to Mrry yoti for that ^hach nak«i 
yuu In tiiry othirrt : aiiH iIihI Aiioe-Ully in tU< pluice, 
whuro >ll vfvm which are noc <4o«cd in btindncM ov^l 
to bocooM ibvntkini of tmn- Whut nm vc look upon 
which b not n nemorul of chaii^ and torruw, of fiur 
tiling viinifthHl, tad evil thfnj^ dmie? ^Vbrti T nco 
tlin pnti' of WhitrhalK nnd ifm utalHj pi3!*r» of thiA 
BuiquiKinjit Uouv^, 1 omnot choose bnt think vf whnt 
I baT« thi'ru *ovn in formor dtn, niur[i*os vid pa- 
fMati, nmd iLmcvt, and viiiik^, nnd th« waTinf: of 
grooHUl hnid^, «ikd tb« hotindin^; of chdinUe IboL 
^od then 1 lum to thooght* of ochor thJn^ trhUi 
<«vcn to retneaihvr makis mo to bhi4i and wof.-pj — 
of thft f;mui hUHc fteflfToJd, ai>d thr aio mnd block, 
wlut;h iTfTf pJwvfl ht^toTv thoM vorv wiiidowv; ftivd 
tho vokc lowni to aound is mino «An, tlto kwk« 
uid t^fnlU rut?t!t which CTwd out thit tho hoad <f 
« kni^ WW ihi! head of ■ tniitor Tli«7o »Unl« A\'q4- 
aiiMtor MftU* whkh who <an took Qpoo, vid aol 
mmlU to ihuik how tfmc, uid cfa*»^ and deiih 
eunfbtind ih^ ciHtiwOi of the wrie, and heat down th« 
itnb|>oo« nf th« mSghCy? Ifav laiw I «o«i H wr^ 
rrmndtd wiih (ens of tho^uandi of pHilioiMfa crrmg 
br jiucio« u>d privPo^! Ifow Iwro 1 hmrd i' shsko 



I 



I 

I 



TUV OftKAT Liril, WAK. 



lU 



■lih Aerco Uk4 prowl wortU, whidi nude tW luvrti 
•f tKtf (irople bimi wtUim iboml Tbm it b Uockftibd 
IfT ilrajcrKilUT aftd clrArni bv pik««nf». Ait^ they ivImi 

wtotKl vt Uiwc *?TviuiL Afid ytji m Uit^ irkiid. nirl tba 
BMrpvr vaiaci fonli from it. in liv luW of f^miiii?, 
vilfa iba gnldoit hUi^ in or>« hand «id ilic- [tiblo ic 
die cibtT, Rorudit ibu ta^rinf? of Eh« gnna nod the 
iboutiAg of ihfi people. AdiL yH OHC^iu i [inUi vrhiln, 
■ad Ili« Jiwn HA iJvoa^'il nviih iniiliJtnJi-4 m 1>Uck, 
and Una h(«r«« and tiiv plumta conie fbrtli ; LUid Uh* 
Irniiit U lri>rtt«s in niorv li^an rtijr^l poinp, In x voyM 
wpttlcbns A iv^ da}i mutts aii4 hU boid ii Jixwl lo 
rot on ilw jiivttado of titu verjr hail wlicrc ho »t aa 
ft Lhrono in b^ Itf*. iui<i by Id «Uto nflcr liis ilnlL 
When I tlunlc on nil tlKE« tlim^ ti> lo^ raiiad mo 
■MtkCft iMi Jnd At hntrt. True it in that (irji Kalh 
fiJlnrtil to 10 our old bw«, *nd l)i9 n^lilful linp nf oiir 
klDgi. V«t, hotr ] kiMW not, but it swim tn mo that 
■iiiiBlhiri^ is w^uiting — tbit our murt haxh tv>i tho 
odd gnvtlv, a*3T uar ptoplu tlitf old loj-altjr- TiuMv 
§x\l linms IJko tito gnnkt doNigo. kivo oTrrwhcInrd 
ftftd tvafmed all ouihly Uilti^^. AniL wen oa Uumq 
wMn, ihoo^ nX lut lb«y RhiUd« yv«« u die tmmod 
Htrito, do«tn>3wd «il trac* of ihr^ isuxUci of Rrlcn, «a 
Umc ito pUcti luUi Q(-«'v«' ttinc^ Wn finuMi. so Inlh tUt 
ufMKing of ull lLq flooc^ciuai at' gxiliocat evil d&<^ 
ftU iti«rk3orihtf UJK'ivni (lulilKvl pttiwJtM.^* 

■*Sir, hjr~ jtiur fihtuiir,'* uud Jklr. Uilloo. ^^ tbu«uii» 
frum flwiy cirttiim'UOCiM boch of body luuluKfuriiHio, 
I niltbt pitffld luirtjr «xcum» for dtfpondonc^ ihsA 
rtiunvir, 1 vvi h»k net »a $My dtfacr M tJi« p«it 
ir on th» fititirc. Tlut a lUilii^ hdith p nj wed orvi 
Oaji «ur ttljoa, 1 dtny twCv Dot I bold Ie not to bt 



tl6 Wtna^non touqbdw 

«icb ft (kla^ ■« thai of whkJi yo« >f«ak ; bnl rati 
t bli^sed ilind, Uka tboM of tbo Kile, wUcli in 
overflow doUi tncloed wvdh away Bnck-nt laiulinarki. 
and conlbiiTwl tioim^uru^ mid hvtim^ iiwni' dvi^UingK, 
«eb« (lotb pv«) birih 16 many foiil aiul fUnf-rrom mp- 
tilu. Vei h«tU9d w tha fuln«u oT tli« fpwury* tb» 
bviftuty cfElio giinlOBt Uio nurtDf« of all Iiviq^ ihin;^, 
•'1 n?uicmW wtll, Mr. Covlc}-, «1»« jou have 
Rftid roncorrkiii^ dmw thin^ in your Ducovirtft of ibe 
GovrrntUAt of Oliver Cromwi^L which my fifknd 
KlvfEJod rcAit lo 010 Uft year, Trtily* fiv et«fEUwa 
»nfl rhitUirir, that MMy M to b« (X>ii>j>Am| witii thi* 
Hn«t mctitM of boontot «nd Ck»TO. Ii«t iKftlwt 
tjuu MT Kny oUwr book, nor Miy omu, wlneli irjtb 
r&ut i&en iiav«i siuro Uuut any booki wiiglit avul 
ButWity, Jmvc mitcnd my ofiinioo, ilut, of dl uvcm- 
htioi liitt «v«r weM in tiik woHd, tb« br*! aiwl Ibn 
mmt tui-ful wai our Lon;; PiHiarni'nl. I jpenk sot 
tliia ai wuhing to pn>Tok« debate ; which ^fitJiar yac ^ 
do I drdiDO." ( 

Mr. CowUy vv. m 1 coold mv, a HttJo noUJoiL 
Yal, ai b« WM a man of a kiiid dia|f4RtMm tnil » laoac ^ 
ntinod coqrt wy . be |mt a fvrv*^ v\xm bbnMlC ami | 
vuvrcrcd wiili noro vulmincfia) uhI qiivrJEticv tmlrinl 
tliAii wv tii« wont, yet not ditrivtlty. **S(trclyt Ur. 
llflloOt yon apmk not •» yon think- 1 am mdrvd 
oiMt of thoae wiio Mivvo ihal Gcd hatli nv«<rTvd to 
Itiiottflf tbc occimre oC kinn*, vnd cLat th«ir crnDos anii 
up^rMkmi aro uot to b* rouno<l by ibo liantb of ibvix 
■ulijficfa, Yfft cao J Muly flod cmae fbr i1k rloteeo 
nf inch lu aro mnif: lo MitdncAi by ^(?rDoi tynaay. 
Boi wLoi ftliAll w lay for ihMo tncaT Wbidi of 
'Jioir Juat difBaaiLi waa iMt (printed? Whicli «voa 
sf tbiir ct«ol and ■inraainaahln wnaiMfinnai *a a« il 

.,J 



m& auur civil waq. 



il» 



irvrv not iiK^miseMBt w&th all law and aider, «» i^ 
ftuedf Ilnil i)icj iKrtAcnt Su^f&nl to t}i« bicek ami 
Land to Obc Tower? Uad c£»t ofH dh<inyyvx\ tiff 
C^mrt^ of ihc HiK^i ComLDtbaiion and tiitf Star Clam- 
b^? ilftd U»py ttat fr*fT*td di^ proceiKliii^ cmi* 
6rm«] br ibe vgica* of die iudfft» vf Bt^nnd, in tf^ 
matMr erf* abip-cnoiicx? Uftd thcg^ not liJcm fW>m t}ia 
king liM andr-nt nnd moet hiribl p^wcr toudiing th« 
order of kiiigbibcodT Hod tbf^- not pnmdnl thai, 
aft«r dicir di^olinn. tntmnial pArflamcnu thonld bo 
SoldL'n, and tliAt llivir o^rn fxiw^r shotild continue till 
of ibeir Itrrvt fondMi^auDort tbry itboald Ija pl^ajta>i| to 
iMgn k tlieii^vl««i ? What tntjr^ cvuld thc)' o^L? 
Was it pat ciwugli thai they Sad takvii firma thoir 
kbg aJ] h±i oppr«nv4 pow^n, toid mtuiy t!»t wcrt 
most ttlntary ? Waa ft not vtttmgh dmt Umj bad filled 
Kb contdl-beiirtl with hU nwoiMs, and Hik |irt«on4 
vtiih In* adbcnrnU? Wm it iMt «fioo;^i tiLat iiwy liad 
f^ucd a fwvHiB multrtnilft, to a^ioat and %^»sSfir dtd\y 
under tba tvtt viiril'^w* of ha mral |ial»c« ? Wa* it 
not «nna|;li tiial iltvy b«d l«k«ii from hkn tbo mmt 
bkvwd prcrogaiivo oF priocdj iiMtejr ; that, <vanplAin-j 
big^of EMolawim tb«daMlre«, th«j had donlud all t^l- 
fmCvv to ocben ; tliai diej' had ctr^i^fd, apiLntf Ibrmt, 
«mq>lr<ii rbitdl<b a^ throi* oF any f>rrtab>l ; Oial 
tbcrr hwl pvncmti?d i}ve Icati rvnnant uT t]M< |K:^i4b 
rilaa witli llio flcrcvt bftt«imei* of ibc popiifa vpiril ? 
Ifnsl tliej bmdvfe all tliat harir Tull puwef tu cob*' 
Maad kin anoica, and tn nia»Bt:ri hSti fricRdi ? 

■* For mllltiTy comraand. It wu ncvor known In anj 
a*«iarcby, nar, in any well ordertd w^tihlic. ihar it 
Van owmHli^ to tha debate of a kr^gn aikd lanMttM 
tfBvubfjr, FV t]i«ir other r«quiiitfon, that Tie idiotold 
pv« u|> to tkair vmgaaflCB all who had dtfondod tba 



IH 



0OKVtJU4,\tKrX fOL'CUKMti 



right! of hit crowo. lit bonoor nmtf liai^ hum niiiMd 
if tie Kad compUfd. b it not thcrvAtn* pUtit tlh^u thi-j 
deurvil llicce tliinga onlj m ordff Uiat, Itr ivliiMiig» liif 

"Hea luiT« often ruru up i|c&in>t fnuid, airiuii*! 
crut*[tyt a^niEul in^iiML But vhfoi bc^ori? wn* it kiio»ii 
Oiftt co[»»»«i(>U8 \tere lu^t vrkh I]ii|K>rtujiiti4«, (;riu;MU»- 
nvM with itinilb, tlic r>pc<i |mtm of buuiit)' wiUi the 
ckuichcd lUlof m&Iicfi? W%* it tiko tniMj' deTu^tei 
of the Conunoiu of Kii^laikd. and roitUful dttrwiutb of 
f^mt libcTly anil their w'Rilk, tn cn^i^ th4m foe »iich 
cftu^cA in CIV]] mvt wliich bodj Ui titwrty aikI tu wfislth 
ta of all ibinp Ilic muMl ItrjstiJc- Kvil iadwd miut W 
Uj« rlriTwiTT wtucli b nut luurt lolvn^i^ Oob hkJi m 
aodkiiMh Tliono who, ewn to sare a nstjuo Cnm 
l^rantji, cxdto it to civD iirftr do in gmrnJ but num*- 
Ut to it ilie ?(j»tt'.' mlteraUe kind <if n^liitf vrtuiwritb 
tli« wiaircU of DijuMih mocked the Eg^paitiii. W* 
retd tUftt, wh«n Moan had uuiwd tlMur Mrat«n into 
Uood, thoac Uttpioiu mifficwi*, iutcfidiu|i, not b«mfit 
to (he ihinting poopk« httl vaiii and uutulvut Qilen(»* 
tiun vt thetr own ml, did Uivnuelriift alw duui;^ inltf 
Uood lliu vratcr urhicL the plague hod <]ian<1. QmrU 
nd comfbrt do Uioftc who tttr up wttr intiiir^'i' in iIm 
«|ipra*tid. Btil hcrv wiicre waji tJie opppo«ioa ? What 
the &Ti>iir wltieh Itad not Itvmti ^ntiXK-dl Wbdd 
tUe «Til wlitdi lukd itvt hev» reinuvi^d? Wiml (W* 
tW ccmkl ibcy dniw? *' 

"Then qu^iMw,** tM Ur. Uilln«i, Mut«viclj'« 
** liave indeed ofUa doodral the ignuntit ; l>ai iliai 
Mr< CoytUy iihoald liavc bMQ ao bq^lodt 1 butt^^L 
You Mk wkal more iW Putiaaent oo«Id dmiro ? 1 
will aiMWci? yon in one wocd, lecnnty. Wliai ui 
rotdit ftod Atattttevt v^d mwloliuai 7 Tboj havs m 



I 



I 



nif: «BfiAT ariL wajl 



119 



«j« to Mm. no Land* U> atnk« uul avtji^n. Tbagr 
mmt bare (obo uA^^oud fWon wiih«uu Mtaty 
ibinga* Uicrdore, wliicJi in ihciuK^lixu wcro p^radroi* 

vilJujul ilcfevicv, Jt'or dkl tlicy wuit ■ grn^t uid «i^ 
baI iixariipltor UiU.iUu^er. 1 D«ed uoi riooLiul you 
UmI, mftuj^'tiuii Wqiv, iI'O Iwo Hcuav« had praMiitod 
te ihu L]n;[; ilitf J'cUtKjn tjf liiglLi* whcrtun wcro xi 
Liurn aO liio iihmi valuable imvlle^ uf Uio pt^ple ^ 
ihji ftfllin. Did ihA CIutIca accept it? Did he not 
Jackfa It ii> faa law? Wm it nc^ im fijl?y fnA^tjxl u 
<»i^ wvnr anjr of tliuw billn of t.l»« Long Purliamtut 
cmcvnuD^ whipli jvu fpvk*? And wviv tli^Q pnvi* 
lifBtlimrifbnie^iojr^mov^ftillj'by tliu jH*u^l(j? f(o; 
Iho Idng i£d fix«D thai limo ixikuliU lib opf^nxsioiM m 
If u> avcf^ Idnudf ftir i)mi dtaUM of hir^ig boon av3k- 
pdJcd to rtnouncc theuu Then wen our VBiat4B bii<l 
llflar ahtRM^I impociliocj^ nur hmiw^ rAnwkcd, aur 
IkmBoi impdMcoevL Thm haa Oi» »ln*l of (&io luui^ 
Baa Unatcfl wHIi mmngltiig tlio csrt of bnrmlcn mcti. 
Tben Mir vtrj aundu «inv IvtUsred, and iJia iron «ti- 
tcrrd Intn mir 9uul>. Then we were eumi^eUt^d lo liidu 
■■or lulrni, o«ir Mmw, and oar *com, to Isiigh wiUi 
liiddtfa facTf at tbo roDiumcry of I^aad. U curw* undq 
iiur brtstb t^ tynamy of Wfmtwortii, Of oM tima 
tt wart w«U nod tvMy *aid, by ua« <if our Ulicft, Uiil 
m Ep^ahiiiaa gvglit io b« &«v a* hi* thou^o* Ou 
prioM nvtned ili« maxJiBi Le kuiivo to malw cm 
iknq|[Hit a» aisch «Iavu» ai onnalroL To snoer at ■ 
ftonaib |iw^*> ^ mUcaJI a lod'a a-«9t, wcro cnmr« 
'or wtdrk tbcnt waa no wcrcy. ThfBO wetv all the 
inuu which wu gatWvd uwn iboM axctilent lavs of 
^ incvi^ PatiiamHiti £nMu ihiav *uk»D [ifvuiiiwi vf 



tf 



IS^ 



rON'VMUiJiTKtN TDLMIinf^t 



"1 




lliH king- W<fc wo to Im (Ico^vcd ^niti 7 Wf^rc 
4|^n to pT^ Milffidiw, wad rec^lTO nolliinj^ Uu p^nai- 
h^Tif W^^rvT wp a^iti to imke vholflHinia hUJuCm, 
»jkI lli-f m Wtv tii^-iu to b* broken duly «nd boiirlj, uniil 
iJiv QpprwvOr ihuuld IrnTi* tquAiul«i«i «io<h«r x'pp'yifl 
juid ihould bo nanJy tW uothtf pi^Mry? Yon Mk 
mhkt they could decire which ho k&d not drautf 
pnni«L L<-t me vie of jon iHOtbcr qwotioo. 
jiUtigif rmild liA pv«r wMrh h« h^ nni alruwlj 
'laliMl? Pn>m th^ linl ymr of in* rvi^t whenwir li 
)imI ifc«tfll of th* par*« of hm Commcdia lo iflppdrt 
fwvia of BuL-ktiightfu or the 5>roc«viiun of Lawi, 
had BMiuwl Uiom Umt^ u hv wiu a gcnilraiui and %' 
kii^ h« irciiiU nctcdY pr^scrto tfaeir righu* llo 1^ 
paviKsl ihiMB aolcinn pl(«df^ and invn^-d th<«m o|c«in 
and B^R ; bill when Tmd he rtdnmwid tlwni ? * lT|>no 
niv&it)i,*<^^ ITp'iifi i«j mirr«d word,' — Upoii thi> bon«B 
our of a ptincv/^cuD^ ao tnil^ &dcq bu tipa, ai*d™ 
''dwell lo »bon a ^mo an h» mtiid, that Uic^ w«c« aa 
Ittdc to bv liuatvd ai ibv * Br tbiut; biJu ' of an AU** 
tiandicOT. 

>*T1icivfbrQ it IB iW f pn^ ilii* Padkii»ttii fit* 
Tbat iilse 1 mi^ht Kftv« rondrviiDnl. )f what hf bud 
' jiraal^ fisil \^vn gn»u^ frraciniwlT *nij f^adilvi if 
wbat be IimI Wfe«« proniM IuhI been ^Uiially 

fr\od, diuy coiild tiot b« diduodact It wai baeaoa* 
ic luid tivtcr yi«Ided the wtai abate wiiboiu a hmg 
Blittg^C and fvUcan witbont a lar^ bribe} it wa« 
In had no woitor dlBcAtaaf^ hdnavIT fran 

tnoUei than lift fbnrotbkfiranriaHt and, mora Ubi 
a vitliiinoiiH !iiifl:»t4*r iliiut a gnmi hin^ kapt bc4b tiM 
fKTiif^Biivc aiul lb*> Urge pn(?e mhkU liad b#«a paid to 
blm loluTti^U: i< vm bacatiM of iboia thii^p tbai El 
mv B B c awaiy md ju>i to bi&d wiib ftfcEblo r«atnuiii 



^ 



Tltt ORFAt CfTIT. W*H- 



1S1 



Qoa wko coqM Itft bemitrl MtW by Uw aor honour 
Nay, W«Q wMk b* wm makrn^ thn^f wttt c<mcvv- 
MNW of whidi jro* if^ult* be bi'tniywl hn 'JmJIy 

did Ii«^ cccitnuj to >U tliat evtrr m« de<>inc>d bwftil in 
Enirfsnd, onkr that m^cnben of ih« CnmmunA Hoaie 
of I'jiflMmiml ibmtld Ve im|v«^hiyl of h>;^ cr^wnn al 
lb* Ur<if lh« F..»l*; tlvwwliv yiolAtSnif Wli tlif ln«] 
liy jvry ami tliu privilatT^ od^ l1il< Huaw; but, nol 
coBlt&t viliii ljnakin||[ ll>0 Iaw b^ lu« iiimiit>r«, ho 
Wit havsvlf Anucd to ttwl it. In thu birLli-pTac« 
•ad mmttmaj at' frotdom, m ihe Houw itvetr, nay, in 
tliB ««i> chftlr <jt tiM vpooker, pfaMd fbr ^e prDlorUan 
iiT free »p«edi ukd iinrili^, h« [«t, rnlling hU i*je« 
romd tii« brnirhM, umnnhing lor thftv whurv: hlcwl hn 
ilfrilTitf, «nd tinglinpE out hb oppovtrn to tbv? ilauf^liln'. 
Tfaii CDost l^>al outn^fiuli. Tbrai ft^'n for th« old 
tfU. TboA cbona graofooi nMwtf^ Tbcn eoni« 
eovtKKw i^msocInm. linn U Rgvn nnjf tg nged hb 
ofttfi fiarinud bononr. Ho will no««^ ng»in rioklv 
llw ItWL H« will rfi<i|F(!ct th«ir rigHiA a:t if ifafy wera 
b» own. 1l« pMj3Mi iW divinity Ae' hin mwn ; t)u1 
otMrn taUcfa han\ b«^n <xrtDfniU«d If) Initt fiir th<^ w.^*] 
hC Ilia people, «i>d wUicb h« CMver luuitcd, but tliut ha 
■uf^t th» Biort wily fWiuJ« snd npfiraM Ui^in. 

^ Tho p9»vr of div 9«vrd, I ftmttt yoQ, was not ona 
la be pcnosiwfilly poaMMcd by pA/lkiiMtit. Nether 
«fid iW puiliBwni dmund k w ■ pemnTtent poa- 
aewMi 'riu^ ttaktd \t oaly for ti-tnpnrarT M«rinty. 
Vnr nxi I m« ui w)mI rrjnHirioa« tlify nnild ufrty 
fiiake |M>M) witli ihM ftb« and wkiiifd ktnj;, «&*« vndk 
M wonifl d«)pdr« him of all jiou'cr to injure. 

** Vor cflTil wftT, iIaI It 4 ail «Til I dM^uto noc. Btrt 
te it u lh« ptsajtm uf ovik, tl»( 1 sioul)y daoy. Il 



vxx 



OOHtastkiiftn TODCBiifa 






doth inltod «fijw*r to Iho mt^tdging to be a 
Ca1«n)itj- lh>n httA (piVtfnai^Dl, htwiui* »fai mawtrio* 
a^otlcd togoUwr willun m tkwrX upace uvd tnno, sad 
cmy «uity u i>m v»w be tftkvi in mi ptfVoind, 
Bat llio nufurUmui* of ntLtiuiu nJod by tyrutUy h«AAg 
iIvtrilKiicd ovc; ttuny ocniurio and naany 
Ihoiy an of g^vaAiit weight And tiutiilHrr, 00 am 
latfdkpUy. Whrn the Devil of tynntiy hath 
^Ito Uia body politic he <iu|>Hr(> not but with tintf^t*^ 
vnd fuaoimit, and n^vii conwJsionsh Shall h«, iKtrc 
forv, vux it lor ^rvv, h^t, in K^ri^ out, b« fiir ■ mo- 
fliviit iiAf ftiid rfftil it ? Tnity tJuii thrgiwio&t loocb- 
in^ the crilft of nr woiihl buCt«r b«<Kviiu9 my frivod 
IClwnod, Of flomo othiv d* tho poopln enHod QmaI^H 
tiiun a courtier and a fanUer. It tf^f» no dmiOT 
thU war than to all ochon, ai w«JI ^ir^gn m doncaiie, 
and, in ihi* war, imi ifi«n» to the HouMa than to thv 
kmj£; nay nu^ «u much, Htic« be by a liuk autoniiy 
aiid niodanition ouglu liatv ivndmd that aoodlMi 
wliidi tboir duty to Ggd aiul nuui lliv oikfiwmd 
them to do>" 

"Pajthm IBP, Mr. Mihon«" ttid Mr. dtwlfji 
grievo to hear you i(ieak ihBa of dnt xood kii 
ilott kntiaFpy indacd In waj, in that b* riTl^td at 
lim« wiiiiD iliv tptrit uT th« tb«Q living pjor'niiJcai 
Cur Inedom. and tba pcrcodcow of Ibmwr 9.gm to 
vogitivv, Hu o«Mj «« like to ibat of CbriiroplMfj 
Cohnobua. wbon ho tailed fartb on an unknown 
iod iii«i&d that tho caa1flMi^ wb<*rnby \m thipcd 
confK^i hjtd sIdAed from tho north pol« wHnvto 
it ha0 CDiutnntJy pointed. .So it «ra« wilh (^harli 
Ilia compaM variod | and tbaiWbre \ic could not 
t^i£ht. If hv had bMQ on aWlnio king ho wouM^ 
dowKMa, Uko TiUu VvfMian, hnV9 born cnUad tJ» 




■tt 



« 



TBI asE4r ctm. war. 



12) 



M|thl ot the Itsnuw AM. ir be h«d bem « Df^ 
jf Vmico, or ft 8t»()tKold£r ciT IloJIanil, hr v<aqIiI 

liar f^m-emnenC Imd iNatK«r fdoAr <lc(i(iitioi» nor stixmf 

tiaw. Cf ]i(d Tircucd Ura pruM U lils own. 

** Nerur wii5 xiwre a mere gndoiu pHnoe, or ft mor^ 
pnqtcr gcittlcmm. In cvcv^ plfmnro hi>; wm^ c^mpi.-r- 
ftU, m cc4irenatji>n mild eimI jc^^Te, in ^^^fidiliip fot^ 
•tftM, to hot nrrrtnU lilvnl, u> hU qnnnn fftichfiil and 
loviik;-. ni billlv bnvis in sorroitf aii4 raptJTitj rmolve-i, 
■■ diaUi >iiQ*t Clinuian and forgiving- 

** Por his opfirasiioiit, lot i^ IikJi nt tho furnior lifo- 

tyrvDU Kliubclh tn mlc'-innl to hnvn bcvn the 
motlMr nt hvt poo|>le. Wore ikfy Imi u^trnrj? 
Uiil llwy VTVur Uy lunili on the pnnn of their imb* 
pctM Iml bjr Art of I'firlifliiwnt? U^d lliuy ttovitr 
Donfitte iMMlcnt end disobedient mm but in due course 
of Uw? Wh Uw oonrtof iStarCluiiibcirkuftcliTeT 
W«fT Qw tfui» oi l«D«lhrs fooio nfeT I pray yo«, lot 
oM kmg Clurioi bo tboa 6em\l vntb. It wtLi oim^gk 
tbftt lA bn life bo wiw tried Air on ftllogcd brcncb of 
Uvo wbicb vone over heord nofoed till tbey were 
rfMCnTrfid br Lii dtHtm^tion. l^et not ha func ho 
tt^Ltod SI ww» llio «ocr«d aihI uKwniod UkI)'- I>H mtt 
hm ammorj bu thcid bv prindploo JUuvd ovt oc ^orf 
fm^k L^ R» HOC jndgtt by ibo fpint of on* £onor«- 
btfi ft QUI vhooe divpoatiMn had ben ftvmed bn^ i40 
irftDftfr ftnd ftidiion of anotbur.'* 

^ Say, bui «iiiic«h« mn, Mr> CowW/' vid Mr. 
Muion i " uijunutcb M, ftt tbc be^jinnin^ of hu rnf[ti« 
jir iBHUlinl ll'is* who bjbd pnwiMiJ Ufbrr bin, t 
lla«V ban ti«L To e:^|KYl ihnt kin^ wiU, «f UmbI 



IM 0(»(VtftUTId!f TOOaCRfO 

lan*Je«» mtivtt, or chmJ, he chlicr lUd ^r |itftnittMl 
4aruig tli^ fir»( yoan (if Iim ralgiii I pui b;. fim fcf 
«lMt was ilooe tfter that li* bwl «>lGmii1/ given !»• 
cootfnt to tW Ptftition of lligbt^ wborn nhfttl m fi«d 
Mm«a? L«t »l b« Mfpowd, wJuoli v«t i cxmrnk 
noli diMt \hc iyrmnnj uf bU Jklbor and of ijiMEa Ulia^ 
bvlh iuwi bvcti iw IcM rigudXiiM tliAJi vni* bit, Bal bwl 
l&u luEiiur, Lad Uiat quiKSJ. swum, ULf bun, to alvlm 
from tbon ngciun. Hul tluijrt lik<r hiia, for gooil 
iui<i valiul>]v »a»ili>mkii], ■UeD«d ^wir knrifd pn- 
rogftlivMT Sordjr noii from w^iUover «3[ciii« foti 
KMt |iloiul r-^r bim b* li«il whi>llv cwlaAvd MiwiaWI 
Tbe UinifVt of ooujiirM«t wo Imow. ara noostlj ibft 
K4U uf in'rpotunl warn and luvftU*- il wii« tin ttOH 
wiih ihm uiiclvtiuihl lfx;[iiMra« wUcb uf uM MfitrMMl 
privilc^tt a^d pmrggatira^ Tliuj wort llie ikbitibio 
bad <d our poki^, U wu no mwtiil i£^ boUi on iha 
ooe lido «id oa the oURSTk iimHHh wtre oActi nftdcb 
But, wb«n treatw* hav* bactt GMMdodat. «pae«i moa^ 
DfHi, liiMw drawn, Unclnwrlca «M up, Ibai wfiirAi bnlbrt 
uasjtxi [«A fvr imigcvnl ntiar or lart roproai beccHWl 
robboiyf twrjttrTt doadlj nn. 11« knvw Dot, jdq aajr, 
wliicb of bit pow«n w«re feinuled us ancMnt bw, Kiid 
wLich onlj on vioioiu exunplc. fiat bud he uM itad 
^ Petition «f Bi^7 Had not prockmaiiaa boca 
Dada from h£a tbroiw ; ^{t /ait amm$ it Ml 4etir4i 
" For bu (tn^mitf Yirtom they af« hcaida the qtn^duo* 
BatncinUr yon not,'* and Mr. MiiUm jVuImI, faol 
MOrevhaA ri«fnly, " «W Dr. Caiw lailh in tba Mvyj 
Wirw of Sbalup«a»7 * WbiU >tmll di« bcoert maxi 
Jo in ny clowt? Tbaro ii iio buiMvi man tbai bhsll 
tfmt m mj- cJqmL* £tki m Ay L Than b L(j ig^d 



I 




np; CKKAT ara WAfc 



m 



Mia wbo «bkA aake w lu» ikvoo;. If be bnak UIh 
wrard to hu puopltu b it A Rafficicnt dct^mw iImlI lie 
kri'fn If CO liiit cocnpwiioiu? If hv opTiwm uiil «xir>ri 
■II iLijr, dh^ll (]p b« held b1v4^clcu b«!aiue ho prsyHb 
M iu>{^tC Uid naming ? If bo Lt inutiftblv in pliuidflf 
i> ' , ihatl we jA* ii b>' UrcauMe ui ■ui.-ait wiiJ 

I'i • . ."i&pvnte? If uohiTo lived Uka a ^noitt 

th^l ftii b« foi^UD bticauv he hath dkd liko « 
fnATtrr? 

" Mc WAS a mail, «» I tlimlc, nbo hail to nuicb 
tvBobUAoe of TirCtiea m mi^lu muke bu vices moil 
dafitfTniTi llo wju jiot a tjiACL hAvt our w^mtcil 
Bb|^Ui mmlel lb« la^'ucd Hx-hurf), Uio necvtid >kiid 
fimrtJi t^Hiud*. mod the tuglitb Hflrry, woru ni'ii 
fiTcAiMt ga/f bc'Iuarom ; loivn of wofnon and of iviiM, 
«if nu uulward nnctity or f;mWly. Cbarl<-d ww 4 
nilcr aIW thn Italun rAibion; j^^*^-! demure, ui' ■ 
mlesiui carna^ and a eobvr dii^t ; na couala&t ai 
imjvTi ai a pntsit, a^ hccdii«< oi oolbt a* an albenL" 

Mr. Ctiwlay aJCi»uH«vd auuivwLai rJiaf ]jJy : **1 am 
tony, Sar, tu hdu joa ipemk lliw. I hud lig^d t^ial 
lb» Tffbomflnca of ipdnt irh&dk wa» raiuvd by Unh 
vnlflU tisMA had now fthated- Yet, mrv, Mr. Milcun. 
wbaurar von mnx lUnk of the dunbctLV of Kin^ 
Cbarlaa, yoct wilt jtat «lifl jmlifr bi« mar^nr." 

*^$lr,*^ =ald Mr. MilujQ. '^1 muM hare brcai of a 
hard a^wl nUaq^ nature, if tba vcliacnuDcv ubjcb wai 
itti|mu^ to lue in cajr yoancur daya bad not b««R 
i&nunlthtfd by tbo afflicti«n« whcnwith it bath |iha«(l 
jVl»t|;btjr Ood t9 clautcn mj aga 1 n-ill not now 
Ufvd all that 1 may bcv^uidGsra b»Tie wmtcti. Bai 
t^b I ny, tboi I pt^Hdre not irbtrc^oru a kic^ «bould 
V «it«njitod fn>ni all p^ni«haiei»U Ii it jost tliftt 
■bffv most » ginfli Iqut should b« rai|uif«ct? Or 



A 



IS8 coxTf^L^ATfrvx Tonmrto 

pnliti^ iUnt yrhert! thero U tin* (rrr^f*^ \*cnrrr ti* injqiv 
1)ii.*re vtimtU bo no Hjtagirr 1o rw*tfit!ii V ilot, jou will 
■»y, ihfETC ii DO rticTi Uw, Such « k« tlicre b. 'Hiorc 
il th^ Iaw Ktf iwlt^prvtiTrtation wriltoii by God 1mn«^lf 
Mi ijur IimuIk, Tlieiv id Uve pnmai coinpa^ iiul bond 
tft~ r.ocicly, not gjATon on rtano, nor Nftlcd widi v*x, 
Miir yul ilrrwn nn fwrrliTni^v, nof H*t fbrtli in iiny ox- 
|im4 Ibrm of vonb by mm whfln of old xhty cuna 
liv^rithf-r ; bikt implml in the VRn' aet UuU ihcy m 
cutap In^frther. |»n>-TOpi**^ In *ll BTib**iqT[*-ril l»w, 
noc to be n^«l«d by ^ny tuihoriiy, nol mvuliihir^ bjr 
bi-Jiif- utntllMl in vij cmJ(^; fnuoiucb m from tboscv 
ftr« nil cwirv and all miliuritj. 

■* Neaihrr do 1 wtll nee whcrdbro yxra ravalicn. an^ 
bili-<«i), ntmy of in whom yon mrmlv ^il) Rouml- 

bflftdj^ diiltni^iiJi brtir^m tbt«i* wbu f>nj^t B^iwl 
King (Itiftiln, nnd HfKiriAllT aR*r tbo woAdd cttomifr- 
nun giTvn to Sir TlKnun Peut^x, And thoM «bo 
cundvniMii hbn to doiUi. Sun, if bif pfnon w«m 
biT|ohbl«w tt wiu iB wldwd to lift tliv twoH i^ml ft 
■l Nm^ ttfl ibv AXi» 01 Whilelioll If liki Sr« mi^t 
jtiittv bo taltra, wliy noC In <^anc of tHal M well w 
by H^bl */ wiirT 

•■ Tlnui miw)i in grtV'nJ ** tcni^itij; tb« ricfit- But, 
f>ir tbtf •nviiiiuEi ijf Kiii^ OnrlM m jarliciiUr, 1 wiS 
not now qML'rtnki] totliffvnd it. Da«tlj b inAjtjtcd, not 
tliat ihp nilprit may die, bm that the «t«o mar W 
llim-by ar]Tvni«p>d- And, from tD thit f kaow, I 
ihhik tlutt th« drftih </ Kh^ diarln bath more libi- 
JAToJ thM ad%uirivl ibo Ulmii^n of Eng;1ik;]d* 

" Pirrt, lir Lft >n Iwrr, He *« m Mftivky, Th* 
nrir waa in frvnlatn^ Rv wan odkau to tbe 8««a. 
Hm Mr WM fiivovrwl by Umoi. To kilt tU cafitita 
lhto^b««t «lNnbf Ibo blir, m tho afprdMnsiott <if tf 



I 

I 



THE OUUT CVnt WAR. 



12: 



bvtdcv odMyr great ftdvuiu^^cB? 

•* Scit, il w*a a ilf*el meal ckUdtu to the p<i>pT«, mvi 
AM ofilf to ytvnr p«inv, bnf Ui many Hmonj; oqrftrjTtv i 
Hui, M tt Ifi jHthlouH fur any |(ort^rninvnt fi> oillm^ tk4 
poblic upiuicm. n> tncai wu ii punlotu for a norpm* 
iBsnl whidi hftd f>i?cn that oj'inion alcmv ibi tnrlli, ilt 
vonsrv, tt^id its delirac«. 

*■ Yet dtvUi not tliu ptvpcrtr bcloa^ to our (Ui]Hite : 
Bar cui thaw fcult* W JimJ/ cliar^ upon tbai tiunt 
mownnl p«rtiaoienL For^ as voit know, the hl^h 
MBTi nf justice w«f noi fi-^alilijihAd nnti! tlie liocsft Ittrf 
Wai pvr|!«cl rtf RK^h menitwrv M wr^ idf-irriio to thn 
^rmy, and bnmicht wbdlj hih^t tlie omtrol of t1i« 

'* Apd who/'ttid Ur. Cowlej, ^Wvle4 tliai&niw? 
WIm ccianuftioncd tlidm offioorv? Vim not the fiU* 
if ibt CoimnoTa at jwdjr (Ustrv^ m wv that «f 
[KoaMde»t who wm dmuTOd bv ihoao UonM wbois ht 
^1 Uawtf tftn^it to fctsd oci thu flat> ami hl<»d <# 
tiHiT How CfMld Ihajr bop4 tbot <ilhr-n vaiild iv** 
fpMTt UvB wliicb thtv had tliiCfnwLvn nuuhcd ; Ibat 
ffWwU* iffliich had iMcn drawn aj^aiuAt li^ prvrof*«tiwfl 
af Uk king would be put tip at au ordlnuicv uf Lha 
Cticomon*? I1 waA bijievwi, ol' M, Uial tWa wur^ 
acVM devUt naiiJjr rniicd bat tirvcr trt be laSd ; ieiMBiidl 
daO, if a tmffAti oJIaI tham tip. h« ationld he ftirrcd 
bi ftnd thorn a1iray» »uiM enpiojnuent ; rcir» thoQgh 
iEe«7 wo«U dii jJI 111* htdiBng, jtt, if lia UA lb»n Imt 
Cba- 0M* VkotaHnt wit>Boul nenna work of evil in perfonn, 
ii«f wvaild Uuu UtmcUw^ kj^nct hJTDieir Sarb a 
Svd K an anaj. Tlwy w}h> woke it cantidt diinaui 
It. Tl«]r ara ai aiic« ita nia«tart and itt alavw. IM 



m coamicMTitix Tovcnnm 

tijom not fniJ ta fu»l iar il tvk afttfr tKik of bloorl 
r4£|iuiu. l-«t tkviii fkot l«av» jt lor s oiMiufil in ni|iiM\ 
l«i( il u*r UirDi in pit*«» I 

« Thos WM k with ikat funous iMcniUjr. TliC^ fl 
furmifil ft force whkli ihojr cmiM nolihor ^ovcto rof ' 
Lv«itt, Tlwy tnailft it pivtrer^]. Thny mftit« it ^nitt 
ival. An if niliury inioltncc w«ye not ^f itaelf mA* 
rU-ntly lUnfininMu^ liwjr iHAgfat^iwd it »ith i^iritwL 
prwU, — tlwj vifcoun^ied llieu" ■oUkcr* ti> r»r« from 
Um top* of tuba i^iou tlw »viof Bvlial, till crer^ 
Iroofivr ifaouglit hifwdf m pt«|ih«c Tliey unglit tliom 
tu j^mw pi)ii>cry, till ovctj dnuamor &ju*k<i iluu he 
wo* ftt iiiiaUililo M ft pApo^ 

'^T[h«n itiTM tJiAi rvligioa cli«nji«d li«r mture. 
Blie vrtA no lanignr tlie fAT«nt of gju and Ui|lar«, of 
wKdImoiiki kaowlttijg*, aTtunOceut phftvun*, tjfhimmd 
hovttvltijjd amUM^ Jn thdr fikcd cftimr ■□«r rftco, 
whinillc V90M. Uiu <^iiUanii^ of foob, lb* yvlU of 
buiIqmo. Tlioii mcQ batvd ftvn lAeai nad dtiiik, wbo 
futod Bot fraiu bnbdi bikI Uood. Then mon frowiwd 
■t ■Uig»'f»U^ wbo Miulul at nutMincm. Tlxn mcA 
pnaclMd ft^Mt pftiiited fftcra, who Ut no nrnor»p f<4 
Ibdr own moat punted livca, Rdijiioii h^ bwn « 
|Kit«p«Ur lo li^t and to gaid*. Il «cm bov mo** liw 
Iv thfti onuiwiM Hixr ill tlj« book^l Ibo Apood/pav, 
ivluL'h lull Itubi bmvim upov tko fonnuu/ii ml riftfv 
tnd clvneiid ihvn Into vomwood : fbr v\eii m dkl it 
daMUiid from ht hijtli and c«ieAiin] dw«Jlint;^»lft» tc 
l^^fpftfl tlik r«nkt and 10 mm into bJtl^^nMw all thai 
«B» nm^tu tand tnto piiuon uU ttiai vat nouriiliinf^, 

^^Tbttt^ucvi jt wa* lUkt irlninKo that tmth ihaag^ 
■JionU fullow. TbvT wko had di»«d the bamcn if 
tioo^tsa agaioat tho ba^ could not tlrfimd lh«*n agatml 
Uioir own untttttraik Tbajp «bg had n Movtlj cri«d 



I 

1 
I 

\ 
I 



T1U aUtAl CIVIL WAft 



nt 



fv |>rm1v^ wbeo Out princ«t raoat niudrb^Jlv nc 
doobit cuw unodi; then to dcsuBd ihcir m^siben, 
ftnrot i*ot wag ttolr Angor» wlicii OU\<«r flDv^ ilicir 
lull wMi aoldlirH ^aivt Ihcir mkc^ lo ■ covporvl. pal 
ihmf koji in bi« pocket, «id drove thiMn fortli with 
bfta* tonn*, bwnyir^l half inom l]i« cos^nlivlv mui] 
half from ili« ftl^pfcouMib TIkd w«cv wv* like tbo tnxn 
of t!:ir forox ui bolf wnt, 0v«n ovor 10 tbo nU of ilio 
Lnmblo ; th«ii froo ilw bosMl of Uie dimfas maM 
Otrih th« firo whidi duvoureil tht* occUnt of Lebanon. 
Wc bowed down befomi a ttitin of m'vn birihi if tin- 
gracefiil donftftnottr, of HlamEncHnf; %nA moot vnlf^r 
attvruioa, of icwtdiilanii uiit notomiui h)rf«cri«T. Our 
Wwv ircr» in>d* and unmailp ftt ht^ jib-ftfiiiit; ih^ con- 
rtkotm of ma p«rl)Nai«ul9 dmip^ b^ hit writ wid 
f iwclmm ioB; oar pctvom nipmoitcd; otir property 
|tltfDd<v«d ; Atir faiidi a&d hMM« ov^omnwiUk voMnm; 
■■d tbe gnfll cWl«r il*ctf wu but argmacDt fer a 
KvrrOov* jot; vtd fbr all th\» we mijr tbuik tfait 
fMrlUjUftrfit; fi» nvvf^i trntifw i}i«7 had m tiolcnlli' 
■Ittkoo tbe t^CMol, r4uld nioh Akcil drr^ hare rsen to 
Itetop." 

Tlian WQimwtd Mr. MiJtJ»i : " Wmt vim ha^ vio^ 
mU eonqnviMnda «> grv^t a number or fub^c«t*, thnc 
it wMild foqnlnw n&t an vvMti:!:?^ saH on tbo ThantM, 
lot nUlwr a Tcna^p m tbi* iTidini, a^jr^tirarclj to Intit 
of all : jr4<t, in *a r>^« imrdt *« T nuy. ' ^1') f^pliun 
mjr iVDM of thoK xuttcrn. 

** Pirst, a« to tbc »nny. An «mir, aa yoa have weU 
■it fjttk, b alwiiv a ^tvjion dantjcrrQUA to IHom who 
tt«aU| jcd btf who Ub araooig tluL'vn apar^ nuf tc 
4vv hb aa»<|iiQCooci, becaim h^ tn^y bo alato if it borrt 
ji hii bawi Nor mini atatoa ivfraln fba iMndhif; 
llmBM^va, lt4C th^iT drfraafri ihmiM at last tivn 




130 coKVFJUATioN nMoamo 

11I4IL A^iould cAreTuJly pcvvkW; tud, iWi tbcy nuiy da 
lu, Um!^ (buuli iak<» «*p«cUJ oftn ibit tiutUivr iU <HE 
ccn iior tbo «oJ«Sera do foipft lliat Uwjr arc nWf fui- 
uoL I do bnlivro tW liw Ca^uib armjr w-tiiM Ure 
ronilritiAd t4> ohvy thv \mthiaattit wiili all iliMj^. bu4 lot 
(irifl od, wbicK, v it mim in i&tfiiikfk, m vMnuniTi R^ 
iu immi-diatc cHi-ct, vfovthy to U^ C4>m|Hircd wilb tlvA 
inoHl rMMiuub iv kiuorvt **> "BA it| in ito final cuatff 
quciicv, iDwt tAJori^tm. i *pc«k od' ihit uniiniMA 
ualkd iIm ^fj^nJoi^y, uid uf iku now modul of ibt 
army. By iluve iiMuturte tltv Cammttm f^'ra ii|i ibt 
coBimuifl of thtlr force* into ibe band* of ucti wbo 
wt4t* not of lluanMlirM- Hcocot doiilitJ«iit dariTtd no 
muftll lidDOur to UiaI noble lUMnnUj, wbkh a^cnJiaMl 
to tko hopo of pabfic good tho MUiranco of p^vate ttd* 
vaati^ Ax>d, lu 1<> tli» CModopl of tbv vtr, tin 
■diunia pioip mwi > Witniw Uw baiUo (4* ^fuubf. and 
Uiu ro«iDonib)« «xploiu of Kair&U in tbi wort. B«t 
Uutfcby Ibe PftHlBOWit W that boU on ibo *o]dien 
ftiid lliu poiffCf to coiktrol tliccdt whicli tbcy rvuiixd 
ivtiilo erery rt^~im<^it w» corontandf-d by iJicir mrti 
mnoWre. roiilicifttiB xheto be, wbo wovld wholly 
diviile tlw ir)(i>UjJiD ffx^ou Uio i-sLn'uUva |inwi!r. In 
tlw golrlni A^ ihia uuy Iai« auiociw^bid i in tin lalW 
IvuuimB i( niay >auce«d a^n. But, whore iptKt 
unvw ixid ffvtX loxn vo roqnjrod, iIjotq tJiif fi«vq> 
tivo ^ovvmnMnt miut alwft)'* bold ft ^tvt oatkoriiy, 
wliiob avthudty-t UiM it may not ofiprtw md ilcotivy 
tbo l^fciikniir, miwi be in uvno mnniMT Uciidod witli 
tu TW loftdocA of fi.wQi£n Biercen^rieo havo ftlwiy* 
botn most ^Mi^^anma. to ■ countfy. Tlio ofinrt of 
cifttrro AnniflB, dspntwd of tlio civil prirtl«|eoa of otboa 
inon, «n M much to bo faftcuL Xliio wu ibu 0Wlt 



li^^Hi 



d 



TUC t^UlAT ClVri. WAt. 



]:il 



wrdr of tbtt I'ttrliajnoiit ; and^ ibmigh bii error it 
wrrc, it TO tn CEtror i^vaervut, virtuous MvS murv tc 

*- iitiiico i^Aiuo Uut jiovrcc oftliv aruhv flud tU I<NMi«nt 
•mi «apwuIJy d'.Uiat loofrt I'mu'^v L^^ir, u'h<Jiti butb 
la our oonvumtioQ tv-dny. md in ibju di*4<Dunac 
vbcRxiii 1 bcfbnx UkiicbcU, yon havct in nij ['tvir opiJi- 
ioa, &r Ci» rou^liljr liAwUedi Wkerduro jou nprvk 
ront^npbtJjr ol' Kii pftru 1 kiMW nol; Ixtt L mi»|jix.'I 
lldJ jrou ftrci not fran fixtm tW «tror iMvamt^o t^ i^xntM- 
Mtti and ipoctiUU^ nicn. tiucviuitf Oliv^ wan An »ri- 
icnc^rtul onii''r, juhI iictvt lud, dUicr id jmblic ur 
jnTttUTt sajliiitti; iunAut»bI«, 3'gu will bavQ U tlutt Ue 
v«« d* ■ OiiAa cajiaciiy- 3ura Uiu u cuijoati Mmy 
oMti bttve ibcTc tMxm ignorut <if JcUcr*^ witkout wii| 
willi<ni dni|ticiK«, vrhi> jM hul tho wUdum U> jUviMi 
•nd ibe uoonqfv Ut poribrKi. tiiat whtdi th-_-r Uc1ti-J 
K*Tp"g* to PvT^pUiii, &ncli nun ^cn, in Iixtublcd 
tinMS, 1ittv« worked ovt tli« <lrlirtvanc« of naliuiis iiii4 
tlw OW& jtrnfttiWM, oot by U^ic, ivA bf rhvtotk, 4ia1 
lij wftrinv4 iu huocvWi bv vi]umi;(n in longer, b/ 
fiFTu: mnd frlubbocn irsulnliua in kU advuraiv- 'Vht 
^«rti of mioi lur Uicir lioukt ; crcriU ijv tbttr ttiiore ; 
f:n«l ffcriinrsB arr tjicir <J<x|itrnoo : :in<l j^urti an one in 
mr J: ' , «-wi hit laio Ili^hiirNv uho, if .-lont vera 

itt U\~- L^[T)« •curnfLiJIj' now vho 4)ook ni>t at ibe 

*>ii(id (if it vltilo ha liv^t wrouldt tiy vny feWi b« 
■o^iTi'rcvnl nthiTwiM iJian wilJi cvv^mt^ Hi* wii 
d'^t thall kToucb Itiui Tot a gn»t lUtcBixun, a i/p^t 
uUiitr, ft tnw krvnr of lin cMuilij, a urTdfy n»d 

» For Jua fiudta, b* tu tcAoct tlat tbcjr who seetn to 
head «ro eAtnlimoi moit cosflniDod to follow. Thc^ 
«bo wUl nux vath mm, Kod spedaU/ thitiy who vill 



ui^ 



lis coemaUTioK toDCsriro 

p<r>vom j}\^nt, miDA, in nwmy thiitps oWy tb«n. "fbc^ 
vrhu will yield lo no eiich oMocbtion* autj b« hennm, 
but mntMi b^ ftfiurab u*d Muamen. If a fuUt will 
vvlk tiriighl forviril wiibont tunriojE to tlie ri^il or 
t}^r Ivrft, lio niiDii wnlh in a dMrrt, Mid him In (%e«tf 
•idc Thtu WM he «v)fbmvl to do many dungp vrliicli 
juntp^il not witti his luctinAtioEi nor owU ^ lu« Horn 
onr; b«cauwo thv anuj. on vhjrJi alocio h* comM de- 
pend ftir power Hid lif's mi^^iC noi utWwfcc hv coi>- 
tdilcd. And 1, k'r iiitnc own jinrt, nurrd kai tlimt 
Li* ftmnf-dm^ wju bin 10 mdulgv ihoir vkilonM Uiin 
tKfti li« could M oAcm raumfn ft. 

» In flul hf (fi^^Tvf J f^A pM^Mtunt, I pmie lum. 
It ibVti wnx Af) (liinintthrs^ in mm b ftw^ « w«i1 b]r tH« 
daxtli tB tiy ihi? exrh]«trin of niMiibnx thnX tt wa> no 
longor thv AIM a^ont^tj^ ; and, if At iImU thnt it IbH 
mad* llwir pvrpotiul, W9 abodd Im'f bmi p»T«vn«d, 
not by tiw En^^iA Hoiuo of Cummom, bm by ■ V*no- 
tkn Connrll, 

■■ Tf in ha fttikt^m^ ruk he orewtepprf the hw*. I 
pi^T raxVjtr tlmt cofiili^mn hUn- He nur fae conpAivd 
to f ItiaI BtsrandHiM of Smvum, of wbfira HfrodoCoi ftuilt. 
iti 1w 'Ilinlia, ll»t, wnliin^ to be of aTl tikm IIm idcsI 
jiivt. bo vTfti not ftb(«: lor aIWiIm datth of Polvr- 
niuii bft oAbtvd ftvodetn to thv ]iooplo ; »nil noi tilt 
tvrtufn of iliMQ tlirvtticaH to »ll him to « reokcakiit 
for tvhai he luid fbnneifr doM, iSd lio cbiR^ Id* |nn^ 
poHT, and moJco hhnodf ft ^not, lort bo chould be 
ttvAli-v] u a rrJminal. 

•* Such w the c**o of Ofirfr. Ho 1^1^ to lifa 
(tiunlry « fbrm of gortmiantl ui fnw nrxT n^lmiAUr 
Jhki, in TiMr nf tlionvind yntrv. humn ^ji^loni hath 
noTcr dvtiftod onv niovr 4?x^kf)t contrivaniw for In^ 
«M 1i4f[4na^ To hiimvlf ho iM«rv«d «o litUv j>oir«t 



< 



< 



nu V«IUT DTIl WAiL 



13$ 



ibaL it WDolil Msrody tmia nifiicnl Ibr hv: inMy, uid 
k ia ft narvttl ih«l il could «uf!ico Tor M^ turitndan. 
Wbcn. fliAcr tliiU« 1i« fonivj Oint llie :nffi]bcra of lib 
pvtiuBott diifiiitvii bii ri^hl vvt-n id i!-.At vmhl] jii>- 
tlborit/ whicb lie )inH kr^ii, wlit^n ht tnigWi haw 1c«fii 
■U, UiB« fiiilfvd 1 01V11 t}ttt 1it> V-tyvn to f^ivni hr tK» 
vwftfj tlitti* «Iki vdoJi! i^t RiKrr liim to ^^Yrn tij 

*• bttt. (ur tVtf nat, whal »ove«tign w*4 errr man 
fvtncWy in jNinloeiiiig injaKmt ni cwiqiMTilig «ti»iui«, 
in vKtroding t]i« domimoiM «»! tl*r n>nowTi of lii? pw- 
|bla7 WhM wat^ vrhnt «bore ilid K« not mark nitli 
imfinlibHUtt monKTrul* of bia ft^n^hip i>r M^ von- 

tHn UwiuAnd Baiti of HoIUikI, kv^AnI nr>thmg «giuitil 
tiiu. WUlo ertry forvigii »1tf« tr«tn1ilwl ftl c^r smit^ 
«« Ml vccure fntti «U WHult. Wnr, whkh often 
m tit^agdy iroublci botk htKbifidrr nnd conmKrix. 
nervr Btlnxied tli0 toog of oer napvrs or tb« Kmnt! 
cf cor loom. JosUce wna e<i|iBiUy ndaunblCf^ ; Ocd 

•■)£o« look At diAt wkich ■« liAve tnlm In «s- 
llngHK Witti the rMtot^I kin;t lmv« com« orrr 1o 
«i rima of «vurT tnrt, kbJ idcmI Uio bumrt and fliQiKt 
JnUDTlbl, -^ luH wiO'oul lure ^— Mrrriludi.-, witKuut 

toj afcy *— feiUn— > oftpiN^)! — <1j*Ii!^ii««1v ■^rli-nlm^^'* 
pkniia^ Mntvoipt of aII ihiiig* good lund g?n«toaf, 
Thtf tfarMtf It tvrrtkundM l^r men wbota the /bmWT 
ri«rV« wculil kavc ipnrnvid &oni hli fbouiool. The 
«ltar i* Mrrv4vl b/ alavM irlic*^ knfWl arc #ifppl* ta 
t*«rr Iwigt W Ood. Hhytner*, w!tor*e books tli* 
.^aajsmn ihouM bwv, patHhr*, actors and bitUbcma, 
UitMf ilnitk a b^tli atid lltrow ft tnaiu willi Wt^ King ; 
Im*o ftan on tkair bnari* asd goM itivlu U 



IM cCHVTiiRUTiaQr Touatuic; 

dittir h«iidi ; ilitn ibui cmi frmi bu prcMnoe ibc 
■nd bntv««l of tha$t vlio bfed for h>fl hooMu Even i^ 
4otK God vial ihoaft wbo iouw iMt bow to ralue fr«fr- 
dom. 11« girvft lliuit* mw to tbv tyrmoojr wbkli ^ 
tlwj b4v« 4«wnjd. " 'I- B*-^ *«*.^im«dJaH,'^ I 

** 1 wiU DoC Mid Mr. Uuwloy, ^ ilit|nite wrUi jtm) 
on tUi urgudDinc Bait i( nhnm jtnk my^ liov c«v 
^Q mikiuin iJiftl Ei^land \mU bJca to gnMl/ a^ 
vunU^d hy the ivbcUion ? " fl 

" L*rLd<nund nK rifihiljr, Sir," Mud Mr. Miltm^ ^ 
^ Tlib aition 14 unl ^viTit orcr 1« slaverj' vid ticc> 
We tert«d uhIcccJ Ibc Iruiu oJ libertjr bclcn tJi«y had 
well trpcncd. Ti;cir Hmtoilt vu honb nad bitlvrf 
uid wtt lunaud fium tbviu wkli kodutig to Ui« n r t < w 
puiKMUuf >rrnLi«iiaL lluiu but ^fttimcb ^^g^*"^ 
h ^Mfung ^ tho Up irf' Dalikh, trmiloroiuiy chaitted. 
bat not jitl thont of Mnmffh, Let the cry hv oim 
heard — tHe PhibitiBei bo upon ibce e and flt ocw* 
tliftt >]^ will be broken, tnd tlioaw dtiin* vill be ■« 
ftuE in tlie fire. Tlie jcnat PArliaio«ot hAib l«ft be- 
hind it in oar bcaru a&d iDimU ft ketml of cjmuita, a 
jtut kvowM^i of our rigbte, « aCorn of «^9 snd dt^ 
ludiiii ttuaeii w>l U»t Um nvvlkn cf WkiteUI 
Hb&U cimlj find. The cnn ii dorkmod ; but it « qdI^ 
fi>r A moinm ; it ii but tn ecJIpee ; tti«ugb dl Urd* 
of evil oiUfB Wve bci^ui lo tcnwrn* nnJ ell iKvawMi 
LmiI* hftre goMi lorlh lo prej, tkinkii^ it to Ui mid* 
night. Woe to thorn if tht^j U ebn^ wb«n th<^ my 
Wffon Mpm (o9iU\ M 

" I'be kinft hAth jud|:fd ill. Had li<^ Ixcfi *ii-» be ' 
vonld hare rtOlfKiWtfd tint bv oirixl Lb neCorvUiMi 
nuljr to creiftakm* erUicb bed wveriod ri mit, and i&mU 
w Mfur fbr rvpoHL Ho wodil bive kAo«-n ifast Ihu 
CdUjt end (lOffidf of a ^dnct vouU reMotr to tbe ^mC 



J 



TttK GliKAl aVlL WAH. 



18a 



M Cflcno ntuiy W-ACU v'llkJl h»d Ihmi M]l«*ial«d tb«nc« 

Imtury, or uT tbu LfUri «f iuaji« he vilJ uMi koru tliat 
th*3 Lm diBTOpion of iho pvo^ilo ww not donro^ 
irbsn 1)0 nitirdarvd V&uc^ nor f«ducod vrben lie 

«W Mr, Mitl<4i Kwl e^ toQclung Clk»t Uiftiiklvitt 
cvurt, whicb had kidwd but poorij rvqoitjsd hb own 
gaud vcn^ic^. tio ootjr akld, thtrufijcw, '^ Aaofli4r r»- 
UlWiJ Abtlalal Jklr.MUlutil iftLvn-beJM>dMx«« 
bui UAttoeDdapoCiMD Audonnrclij'.i i>ndcr dsputum*" 
** SU&y mcu/' taKl Ur. Mtltun, ■* Iutq flondl/ vitj 
io^^ioEutjr ecmijitfvi wmrohj u»d ikajjotUm ; but tJio^ 
vba ftQ iuaLi«« liiftmidre* do kit look At Aqianurr part* 
ff L)ui which u UuljronA great whoW. li«cli « ibe 
Cftum hihI tho «ff>xt of U«e vtli^ ; ilie «% lU of ««tU«r 
irv tbo vrili uf Uitli. 'lliuado itattt movo oo in tlid 
VKHi flUmaJ vjy:h, vlitch, IHxii tlie i«&i04«E po*Di, 
bnngv tiMn bftck i^n to tbu «mi<» *ail fltaniEi|;-fM>«t: 
tad, lUl bo<b Ujwt wlio gi»T«ni And Ukipi* who obey 
dull kvTk «nd purk tbis i^^t uutfa» man mii ttxyiioet 
litda thms^i tJi« fvtorc, » ihtj hvm \atawn littte 
ibronitk tW fiftcl, Kii-o TiciMitiifiMi uf cxtn-nM otUi, 

-Jtts lAm U:At^ wiicn> libwiy is qoL 
■vcuriij ubj ofrJur on nvivr l«? Wo utk oF Abu>Iuio 
Bora i bui dl {•uvror hiUh luDit&, wblcb, if i|i>t fiz^ 
bf t3w Dwxlvrstkai oT tlu ^fttnonr mil bo BkuiI bv 
ih« ^tnv i4 tb« govunMcL govvnieiH may cpiuJ thdr 
ifpoam lo dwt/!tfin» i tkuy vuf <kftr out % M«Mt«- 
lOUBfl with soUjon; tlic) mar pub»t anasOi of CfiJiflf 
ix^ ntt^ Ittfl^ KOrm of the dwttf^riAd in Hiftim «l 
rvrf rnjM iqmI ; bat wbnt [«wtir bkdl Ai«nd i-} iW 



ld$ 



CUVrKllBATlUX TCVUOIItKG 



^frigbifu] limfl wben rcbulllon hiUi becoiae b lav 
lUian <-iwliLr«it«»? WW 4uU1 iUimI^v thai tfmUe (ri- 
bviuU vrhklit i> lIm hcfUU of tli« ofipnMM^, dntciiifif^^ 
^«|[N4iM iJic ojifMrvBor the docin of il* wild jt-frirwt 
WW tJbtll rapid Ui«kwor>riild«4)mtt7 WWlaJBt 
or diM-i|i[ii]o aWU nvist tlit; itreu^ of &jaiiM And 
dtvpaiirT Uuw oAcnweru tlieftiicivnl CnaMn driQE*^ 
linMn tiwiT £Ol<ka pftlacv, »irJ|>|voU of thdr porpln 
'IvbiSt Hmgledt Moned, U«fiM with l^lth. pUnW wiiii 
ImoIu, kturted uito Tiber ? Hov otken bxTc tW En^ 
Brn SvihMi pomltcd bj the ubm of Uwtr own jukb^ 
Mrlus, or die lx>w-«trin^ of llkttr own mum ' Fnr bo 
|)OViir wliicli ii act limilAl bjr Isws oui cv«r be pn^ 
tocl#d by ibem. Sisall, thcrvfotv, i« the vMorm of 
lliik* vrbo would llv t" >vmti>Jv *« if it won a nfugi 
frvm cuimnotjvii; iot uivcby i* thv- lun; ix>n««(uako« 
of tjTiatnjr* Tiiac gorMnraunbi aiAV be hJ«, iwtiocu 
nivc ba fivo. Tiuir pw^oi iudm )i&v« un oqilet prcH 
videl I»t tliOT nako one. 

■' When 1 w ftt Xaftlov, I wi^ni witli Si^ttor Manvt, 
ft|^ikaun of oxreUcnt paria and bn!<^iiij(. who h^ 
beeti lliQ fiimiJiar fi'ieiul of ^9t faaooa po«t TorqniaXo 
Tafttti, 10 MC liie burning n^otiAtkiM Vawriui. I hoi>*i 
dered liQw Uu* pMMJiU cuald vciituru to 'Iwl] ao Taar- 
liwly himJ diavr^ty on iu «dei. whrn tJi« bva wia 
Aowuvfroin Iib raiainit; but Mavio imnkd, aiad UJd 
JM thai wbcn Oio I5r« detoends flfatlf tbcy KUimi be- 
lt wiiltovt baMe ur fuar. They ran tdl bow brt 
f will move, aod bow &r ; and tbry ln>ow, anorrovor 
Itut, liioogh il nay work m«o littla danaf^ h wfl. 
K-on oovor liiA finlib omr wUch it Uaxh poMrd with ricb 
fituiyanb and twaot flowrm, liut, wttm tbo fiaiotfi 
an pent np in tha uvontMiii, tbun it b that tboy liava 
iMMXi lo lUc ; tbn i( u Uut tbe wnb nnka aod tka 



nre 4UIRAT CIVIL WAU 



137 



BM nrJbi iittn cUki arc swallowod vp; ind tbdr 
pl«*4^ liiiowvtli thria no onnrr. 6n il i« in polfliaiE 

Ifirrt th<^ j^iratfTit ibor^v tf) pnirr And OOiIrt" ; tJlcr«lbr« 
tPMltl J Mf ti^ flII kitifCA, let ^iir ilviiin^[0|i;i*»« 1f«d 
«3m«ri^ W lliMj UmI iUiuK-t ; Jut Qtvta bJwIrr* ImI 
ikvy nmacTv; a liuW lurbul'ruM «s« ua ii ««tv, ibv 
rudbow ur iho rtnu i it *Jlow« uifkcil iIire Oiorv it i 
lAwig stkovor; bi3t it b » i^Iodgr :hat llionikaU b« 
no dobigc," 

" 'Hiu it tmc" Mul Mr< Cinrloj; ^jrat then nd- 
ounillnm BIT not lo!o ncctitVi? to ffut^ccls ib«ii to ittv 
«%na." 

"SorrlT,-nMd Mr, Milu*Tj; "and, tbul I nuT nul 
Ihk focig dcl«t« wkk ft Tow W(jit1> ii: fiUkU ve UiaU 
both Jk|-n-«, 1 Md tliMl, tts frKitum a tins onl^ttfo 
gWfii oT ipJVvranMinti, %o ftra onler uid ciwlmitiun 
geavraJlv iwoesivy to prcaori'd itced>^«n. Etoh llio 
Ttiliia^ opailotu uf ai-n a» not to bo onln^^l by tliOftO 
«bo pctipttc to tboiiMidt^^ iho kappinu« of mvu for 
lUr niil, ftnd «)io mti'i noric wiiK tlio pftwuut of 
nm Tor tbdr umuh, TIio bliAd reir«cvfic« fer ihln^ 
uKiont ifl indofi] u> fbalid tliAt it might nuke a to^ 
wnt Ikogb, if it ynrt n<x «lirt ton&LinKv >n miKhiM>' 
oui that it vouH ritlier nxikv > i;uod ni:ui w«<|i. Vvl, 
iibco ii mar iM>t Ur vbollr cun'd, it muit bv ducrv<;tly 
hiditl;^; and ihcn^fonf thm>:t vho would «nwnd ovil 
k^rt ftbcmld cotnid^r T«il>er b<>« muck It may be isfB 
lo fKTtu than knvr mDc^b il nuy be p(Hsa1)k] to chto^e. 
*Ibt« yott Dfkt hoard ihAi mcD who have been tbnt up 
ffet numy JW1 in diin;;eni:t ilinnk rf thcj leo th-s llgfif* 
«mI (kD down if t^icir irooi be ulruirk olt And »i\ 
vh«n mtjoit* haro long boon in tho liotiw <if boiid«^ 



ifa^ 



U8 



■mE OKRAr nrn- via 



■Igitt It ntf^^^ry tu ]>Pi«vrv« ii, 'njv'rW<>[^ rvU 
t]i«in nr>t tno rv^hl/t l**t ibey cunc tlim IKrdun 

" I xhfnk irt<Ue<l ilut l1t« refWimod PAifiaiDon^' 
which wc hAT^ Ulkod «o nwrrh, did lAww, nDli) it b^ 
mne iml^ccl to the Mildirr^ « tnigulftr And Bdminlik 
nxodomiuioi, in inii^h tIniM ir^hvJj (n tw boi|>#d, ftnd 
tiMit woTtliy to tw ui «iiin|Jfi tn all that ftliall mmc 
iJ^r. lint na thin EtTgiimpnl I haTc tfid ono«K^ : i^^d 
V will t!i«TVfi:im »iiIt pmv to Almighty Qod thAt tliM« 
ttl^i iliiill, in Rjturv timi-Et, rinml fnrlh n) dtdi*n<e of oitr 
Kb«rtiai, «t vrvU ciril mi rciigioui, nmv vdorn tliv good 
muiv by morey, prudonco, ftnd mbrmo*^ to tbc glory 
dT hi^ nftnw and tho biipfiEnon And hoiionnr of lh« Enjc- 
Uib iMfopIt*."* 

And fto «<id«d lIiAt dls^mirM ; and itfit lon^ ancr m^ 
ir«Tc 40t on ihaTO agsin n1 ^« T«m]4^^rd««ifL, tnd 
dkCffV p«rted compftaj: and thi^ mum «raitn^ I IoaV 
iiM<o of what Iiad btcn «itd, wKtr^li I hunt h«rff oftora 
fblly tvl down, fVorn ra^nl lfi>t)i lo tli4> faitte vf Ai 
Kbt!n« fend ilitf iu|KirtjiMc« of thv lubjcd-inAttvr. 



OV THK ATHK^flAN OHATOB& 
{£t^/n ^mrmk Mftgrn^ Xn^mtmLj 



»M On iHDil. u4 MvAiM «w (ton 



I'HK crJoLritj of tko gr«4t rl^^cnl wHton it COD* 
Im4 withift no limt1». «xic«pl tli^> irluch >«par«tc cit* 
diaed frmi nvRgD oisui, 'Fltcir worktf arc Uiit comnioii 
iwofHT^ of 0T«ry ixsdUliffd nation, Tlt^ hare fUr- 
mtdvftl atWj'v'^ fotf tjiv poinKT, in'1 tnud*^ fur th« 
|ioceL In the mlriik of the cducAK'f^ cbua«c« tKroagli- 
out Eoropo. tb^Jr nunea arc InJinolublj aMooihtoi^ 
with tiw evdMrinfi 'ncolkvtionH of duldliood, — tho 
fJd ■obool rociiDi*-tbo <kij(><«rMl pimmittfirn— thr fimt 

So giHl w tjw raienii^in wirfi whtvti ther nro nfcani* 
Bi« tiuU atm llu; editon Kod ooiimocetaton wbo jvr* 
fbra lli« lowwt maria] offioM to iheir nitimorj, m 
eoanlmd. Iik« Uw «|Qi;rrii*« nnit obmnbcfrluinB or ant- 
vngn pniicci^ ai vadtM to a high nnk in Uii^ tthli! 
trnuj pnoHknco. It is, thorof^pe, «nicwhat idn* 



iif J I 



pikf tfaAt tb«£r produdtuii should id rarelj liara h^en 
TJw satvnt vn4«v« ibonatlviM aflbnl at but littJ« 



110 ox THE Amexuy okikmu- 

nionTy miui] : w)mi ih<JV nroiilU grfivnilbv. i\tiej Iw 
fluno ImiMifriot. An wtYpnnn tniiit, in<tuc<l. be uwlc 
ti) fiiTour of Aruiotle. B-jtli In uulyui «iid in cnmU- 
onH^t), tl-ist grvAl man a-aj «iib<iat & rivftl, N<t pbl- 
Ift4i>{i)ic'r tui i'Trr jiorvwMrd, rn Mt 4^ii] dmgrM* the 
Ul«<at oitber of u.>|l«^lttf^f tvl^Llnhfil ^^IrttuinUi Uwt 
prioury cluinvnU, or of comiectinn iWtxc^l pln^ 
ooinHM in tiAnnuaioiis ^jitmn*- Mit wm the ^ni«t 
ftahboer of tbo bitL^lk^^ttuil diS'M; li« ctun^ ira 
du^btt into light, and It* dui^nj inUt onltr. IFo 
brou^it Id lll^ni^ lUMrobw iho uian vigor aiiil nai- 
ptitu^c of nliid to nrliEch both p!i>ix4l 41^ mctaplij^ 
tcaJ vt«noe ar« Mt grv utly tiiilrlitaKL Uh rtindaakvnbJ 
|irLnd|iJiv of cTiliciffii «r* «uccHI«nt Tv cHa oaEj a 
lifij{l« mi|Arici>;^the ttoclnne whii-li Ufl ettabliHiifti, 
P tbat pot<rj i* ui iinituEite aH, wbi^u jinlijr nnilcranhj, 

i« to ib« rntic itliat tii« c-qicfu* ts 10 (Jm Ttari^oT'. 
With it he in4j vi'iitnn upon Uk mottt e3CI«wv« ux* 
ctmuoiv. Wkh^oit it Im nmai cr««p cKtitUni^/ dung 
iho cout. or loM hlniM^f iit a tniklaM iii|HnN.aiid 
tTii0l. At bo«l, to tJi« icauUnci* uf an ocD«iion«l ntar. 
It ii n HvrATDrjr «b]<*b cb*n^ Ji cftjirin into a act- 

Th« f^vnRftl propotdlJiNV of Afvtotlo an T»JiaaU<s 
Hut Uw uwrit «f tlio Aupomruciurv bi«ii t» propof* 
tioo Co tiiAi of ibo foiUKkrtion. Tbii b pAnljr lo b* 
Hicribvd 10 die chutclcr oi the pUIosopben wbts 
llunifb quoii^cJ i'-^ do 4J] that coctU W doog br ibe 

ic«fn> not to hftvo pmiMrf much of tvndWSiilj «r ki-fl 
A^oitiuQ. Pftrtljr, aha. It luj bo Attribntrd lo th« 
d»RHcriry Lif iMU^iiilt. TTipp ;:Trat works cf gfttiui 
irbicb liM) ouited iron not cjlbcr tmSidnoldy uiibw» 



1 




0» TBi ATltlLMAX OUATOIW. |41 

Ot» or $nf^dmt^ vniM to «nuUe sdt BftJi to Gmic 
ft |ieT&et code of jitoniturv. To nxtuin: lliat a rrilk 
■lig«U eiMictirc cluipi of (MimpofiliiJii v^iidt liad nrri.<r 

wfcorjip^"'^ V^ tna^t'ufu fitvt to iWl luin lui^tviMI) 
ftud tW) r rut it. 

L^iaMfd hikI profound cHiic of vitlifiutr. Dinnf- 

or the suDc mt oooBpnlkCMion. But be hdd ^oeam 
to ft mnob gTMKr AUJiibcr of »|>oda>cnft ; And Iw W 
iWuioJ !iiin«»}r, «i4 it ApfiMTS mora uc1imv«Ij io the 
tfud; of e >a|j»nt htmlarR, Hii pw!ulkr jiMlgmviiis 
uk of tnoro valiM tliut hU gMi«ral prtndpioi. H« b 
ObI/ tb: hblurkii of liUmlunj. AriaAoO* ift its pJiW 
lonpber. 

Qndtfiltut oppliod 10 general liionturo tbc sand 
^ncFplnf hy wltich ho lud bci:3i oocLotoaiod to jud^ 
«f tho dcoiHiiiBlfOnA of ha pupla. He Jooki iat BOt^ 
ing Kit rhMnnc« and rliotorir mil of iJio iiigli««t or- 
dv. B« spcAkn co^y <^ tfa4> inc^impdnblo wrorb of 
JEichjrlai lie iidmiTO, boyoBd cxpnaMion, thou ii> 
tiitfUub'Uo Dtion of cuioDooi»^lactt«t tlio p^J< of 
EvTifiidtv. H(» bottcu^ u few rnffov wuidi on tba 
yrtjfl dunctof of llomcr- Ho tlicn ijracvod« to 
oooiUvr lilm nwnij OS an orator. An oovior I1o«n«v 
iiWcai wift, and & jcrcM ccmtor. But surely nothing 
b morv ranu-kaUo, tn ha adnuralJo workA. tluui tbo 
■rt with wlitcfi his omtoncml |)OW«n vo mftdo wboM^ 
rimt io ibe \v^rprac% cf pootiT> N<v nui T tbink 
QsinUfiftn ■ ^v^l critic in tu* o^ffn pronuc^ Jnst w 
v« vmoy of hi* nuuuki, bcwUiTui u ato many cf hk 
Dapmtioni, n an porpotonll/ dctoci ui hit tbougbU 




!>!? -nili ATltlStAX OUkTOV. 



dull flu«oiif whick tbe mil ot ilaifintim goMwwSfy ca^ 
[LmiiiiT4U« to all djc Auicb ot gentiu. EfcqiMcicff wm, 
di Ills tInMi, liUJo more tJi&n tt conditiiait iHiddi mttcJ 
tn nimalaic in ft dciipnt the julcd Bpp«tite fet puio> 
gjric, ui untiMflnpiH br tliu lnT<3Ioil ixtblfft ami tJit 
Uue^tockifiK main^at of Rotntf. It n, tbtfriW, itnih 
him, TStliCT ft spotft tluui n vur ^ it U a iwdImi c£ fotU, 
nol uf ftovnib. lU ap|i««T« ti> tlunk morvortbft gnn; 
tkf iliu Bttiiotlv tban uT ihe lUm-timi xnd vtgoar d* lli« 
lliruffl. ]1 iiMu4 lie ftcfcituirJixIfvO, in jiwlic* lo Qti»> 
tiiiuif Uiut tliU ii ftfi «mir tu wlucb Gkvro liw too 
ufWii pvvn Uic viActiun, boili uf lilt j j rw t p t iHi) rf hk 
pxmnplc. 

litlkdjBT^iiUD&lkin. HefpvA ua tloqamt nnlAKx*, 
bvt na princi|kW li vnu happQj ma^ that Mrmt^ 
(jiii^u <iiti;ht ti> ha«<* o!i^h;^nl tFL« lumo of hi* baoV 
I'jxjin Jj'B^prit i2«i Zt^ to J/£*j'nt $ur ^a hai$- In 
iIm BttOM aunoor Um pfaikaopfaor of Pfttdt/m <to^A to 
hftTQ entjtUil litf Cunoiu work, not "Lcdpnoi «>i Uw 
SublbwN" tut ^ Tbo SuUinutiol of Lofi|:Eini«." Tim 
uri^ of the tfoblitnE: is «i»u of the inort cuKooa vkI 
iiiti'TMn^ nilijucu nf in^inrv ih^i can occupy tbft wA- 
tMition of a «Htic In our own conoixy il ^k^ ben 
tLiMTuvbd, with |[rai Ability, qnil, I thank, with vary 
tol>i iMcooM, by B;tfko and Da^i] Stnrt. Loog^itw 
(lwp«iik<9 bionclf fnxo bU inrwti|ptloiu of Uiii ttatarf» 
by Wlmg hk fnenJ TvnrDtiama tbat ko ak<cv3y knowi 
«t«ry iking thvi can bo saitJ upoa tko ^iiootion. It i> 
li»b«f«gnuoil iliai Torvtifuima diil not knpan ootM 
ti bS» knowM^ t'l )iu imtTMrlor i lor ihmi Lon^no 
«• Uttfo onljr ilifli >ubkmiEy mMtia liaighl — or olof a* 
tiM ^ Tbia \mn\^ ho c^ioummlioaaly ragnc^ ^ D|<plIod 



1 



J 



QH niE ATUBVIAX OUttHtft 



MB 



i»ilii«mLUy lo tlie nMn prayer fd AjaT in tbo Him], 
utd to a pw^igs of J'Ulo ahoi^t lb« hioiKui Wly, ii* 
hU uT co«io«jtit w anncj^of Om^v, lla<rtii|; no iixiNl 
ct»n44nl, Lirogmiit i* ri;,'Ht only b^ ircidoit. IIq b 
mtfnr A fincicr tliin a critic. 

iivia uip|th-£ii(; tliG Mdeneto of tlifiur clo^ical jrreife- 
wnri- At ikcr tane oT iht rcriva) Af liuratomT no 
tmn cattld, wUlKHkt grmt and j^alnful ^Jibomr, Acquits 
■0 acmmUf umI el«|^nl knovl^^ tif the tnckntf 
|jvi|:iu)XE^ And, imlnrtiuiATclr, thou ^Tmramatkol ftnd 
plniuli:|pc»1 «U3[!i<M, wttlioiit wJikrh U i4it» inipuaiblt; to 
itfti|witi»f tbe gn^ wutit vf Atburiim and Rooiui 
pmios, Lttvo a ttuidoiticy to riii»m>ei tlio rit^wa And' 
d—iLm Uw MnnbilitT oT thoeo «lio foOour tJicn with 
^nrvEM sf^cdty. A p^wcHul mind, wlikh hti$ been 
f- mnplofisl in fmc:i iiudic^ tiifty be tnnfitnYl tAtihe 
i>]|^r.tic «;i|rit in iK^ Aial>iia IkIo, who wm fwrnimM 
to coiitn^t himtelf la imitl dimtainioni in ordtr to 
rvt^r willnn the cnchanud vca«el» tnd when hi* prbon 
had b«wQ cloMd upon bim* ^>und luwfcJf nnibi* ti>e»- 
cip« ftviB th« Barrow bo«iukrii» lo tjw nxwun of 
viieli }m hid rcdvcod h» itnuire. Wfioti iho sdmih 
htv* long bwn tiM ol^u of ftpplicatk>n> tRey ftr« 
mtimliy nhndtuicd An- tlw end. ft vnu MUil, bj 
Ro^aw nf Haroy, i!ut tbi> ^rnwicM geoeniti hftvo ccwt* 
wtly l*ni tboar whu* la*-* Jkv^ aE onw T*i»M to ran»- 
iftiTid. »d introdDoed b> th« jcr^^t opmtioot of wju-, 
HTtlioui benii tfcnplf^rvd in tbe fwitty f^aUmUdonii »nd 
MUKiflirrrB whi^h wti^ty th« tiMi4> of ftn intWinr 
flScMr* Jn btuiUttre Ui« pnuuipk< is tt|iuJly sounrd. 
ThA gr^Bt lAetitv tf rriticiun vrlU, in gcncnU hv boil 
^dvUDod by iWo vrbo hav« not had aroch |>rw:tico 
B ilrOniif ^IbUca snd pAttitlcd. 



dl 



lil 



OK THE AnitMA:? <nAYftm 



1 rcrmcitib^ to h«v« obH^rvod wnuns ^ A'«*-(^l 
Aita» A Itidicroiw bttUttce of dilt. A icbaliu-. fWi*bu 
1«M of gTtml Ifvmtiig. rromm^ndfl iJi« tnudj of •udaa 
losijc Litin ireoinr, nf which I novr fnT]gel lh« mant, 
on lite rvlijEVnit nuntirrs govtmamfnt, Ktid Iftv^pUfeti of 
tlm vsHy Qn?bk«. "Fvr tJiviv/' np h^ " y««i will 
wefy Uu&iiof mifHirtflnoc th*l ii cofitaiitocj in tlw 
awl Od)u<T/, wujioiil tli« trouble of ModiDg tvQ 
•ucU iiaIjow bwkt." AW ! it had nut vccumid Co tli« 
pacr KcntJunuii llint til tbe kaowledf^ to vhidi ho «t- 
tttdiod ao much Tiluc w» ineftil onJjr si it illwtnited 
the fcttml pcmit wliidi lie dcqnlMd, aod would be m 
wootUlIou for Miy Mht9 purpoM? » the OTrduk^ <ir 
C>4V»riii, or din ror^iUnr of OtolwatOL 

or IhoM fldiukirs who liftve itivUinrd 10 roftRn* 
UiemidTva to rarbnl crititfBn tew hftro been sw- 
«M>ft)l. Tht ftiicWnt Janj£iifl^ have, fmnsrill) 
lOHE^ iofloetico un xhwr ruciiUIe^. Thvy w«v« *^ IuoIl 
olUd into a drcle Ley Utrck inTocatioitf;.'* Tho IIumI 
iod £ii«id won to tht^m not book*, but ouriovtic*. or 
rMJiw raliqDM- Tber DO inon* idiabnid lUmv wockft 
for dinr merit* tli«n « fp^ Cfttholtr TtnentCi Uir 
hocm of tho Virpn kI LnrNin for ito ajrhjlORlnni 
Wlatj4Kr WM dMsicAl vm i^ood ri<iini«r wiu « £T«k 
poet ; and to »•* Callinufliai. Thfr cpuUc* of Oaocvr 
won ftno; and lo voro tJi-»« of I'ii&Urvi. Evi^n wiib 
rapKt CJ] ^MrtiuM <3t «i-iilmeo tlio^ foU iato thft mm« 
•rror. Tbo uthont^ of ijl DAitmlkKUi «ritlca ui 
Qrvtk or Latin, ww ilio WOO with thc-m. It nvrv 
IT WW J lUr nuttd* that tba bpAo of Are htmdml 
jvm* or ifae di*M»M of dT« hiuMk«d lcttfi:Mi, cmM 
iflfeci ihe aoeunejr of a narratioct ; -* that Livy could 
fafra I'M wrracioQi Iwiorian than PoljbRKj — or tfati 
PtuiaiT^h could know Iom about th^ fnaudi of Xem^ 



I 



i 



Odl tut XXWatiA» OIUTOtt. 



Mfi 



ttoot of tinuf, ihc^' fovm 10 confiilcr nil ilie Cla^uca m 
eml«iapifanu» ; jmci v I have kiuwn j>tH>|4ir m Kii^ 
lanl, ilrrdWil br the dubnw^ of pln^^, ulci> it fer 

bu«n. BBcl uk aa iiikabLtujit of Butiibaj aboiA iba- 
hM^lh of ui ju^ijtuunlanoe ai OJculU. It in Ui bo 
ho^imi tkftt ir> iMrbfttwi diilug« infill v^vr »^i(ifi \mx4- 
VTcr BurofiBt Btu. «1ioii]<J mch • aiLxmltj 1iu^jm*u. it 
tprOM mA iiB|>mbibio lluu iasn« future Kotliu ot Gillii 
will flompBe a iilsior)' of England ft^on Mif^ r<>rt4r\ 
SooClvdi OiMjv Mi» Lt^'x JWea5( sod Sir Naibai 

li is mrtly tne diat mncient JifeniUif^ Ofould h^\ 
vuunimd iu « dUbronl nouinvrt wiitimtt (h^tkniJcdJ' 
prijii— pjtHM, btii tUIi a jwt alloa^ancv, at iW iain«| 
ilmt!, lor tlte diSmmc^ of cirouiiwl^tnoof and nunners, 
I urn &r fron preCviutiug to tJic knu^^lcd^orabUit/ 
wfaich tnch ft Usk would itiqwrr. AH that I lucftn 10 
«ier b a ooUk<»*q of dvuJtocy r«n4rl(A opon a eqoiI 
int an t oin g porttan of Grrefc Ijlcrmtiini. 

U mar bp doobcad whprlbffr anv oomprwidAni nhirh 
haiv evvr btm |;rodan<l ta iht* vrorld niv «i^»a]lr i^rr- 
fad in tboir kind with i^je (prcat Atht^nUc otntions* 
Oi^tti b >«1)j««e lo iW auiM Uvva wbich nj-itli^^ thi 
prndttcdoQ uf cottOD and moUuuM. Tlic ftup^ly ili^i 
ilactf to lbs demand. Tbo ifuiintitj niAV he dtibiik- 
Uml b^ roitKctioni, and tnn}li]j]iod by bourtcic». Tin 
Jij^iibi cKnQdieo to wbkh ir]E>iiiiene« attajiiciJ 
Asliifai b In be mainly atiribut^d la iho inlfui!nc< 
abii ' '• d Atm. Ia t4rbiilf>nt rimoi, nndtt 

Wir- I -tj d«inorrmt«e, atnong m pMfda 

mr*^ m^*jntr to ihat i^wl at klii^U m4«i are mofll *u» 
a^lUx ^ -inr^ aitJ niddvn iiapr«»)otu, aoat^, bol 



JH6 ox niS ATllXHUM OlUTOItt. 

Mrt wttiid r*a*«<i«n. wnriu in lliittr fedinc*, uiiiixod ii 

iiiiw, oraUirf rcci^i^ auoli vtiixiunttvtavnl » it liai 
AdTtf UDGV obtiuii«il. 

The laMo uid knoiilM)^ of Uw Aibcnam pvopto 
wv A liirotirito Dbg«c4 ai iJiu cotilcraptwiw iWiAm> of 
^AiudfJ Johmon ; a nuui who kneir nnthnig of Gnok 
lilrmtiEiv U^oiiil Iht? fxiEitiiicm ib1iix>l-boCilL«t ttid win 
Hnms to harv brought to vWt )i.« h«i nail M&roalf 
mora ihftn tho djaovrnmcal oif a conuiKin tchool-tioji. 

Ui flpito tif bk gRst ubililit* umI vktiwi, nmiko lum. 
f»rlxii|« tlw ratMi ridiculous dumMr in Utarmf lii^ 
lor^, Uiift D«iiMMl]MTi«a «pokc uia|i«op]L*of bmim; — 
SD&btfbftroiujieo|>Ii;i — tlut ibera ooulJ luve (>«■■• 
d'rilkation h^fota iIm niTvntSun of |kriiitui^ Joluwon 
T*M M k<frn but A T«r]r nnrruw-oiMKM ^tv^rvifr of 
iijnjikiiul. ti« |ieq>v<iiiillj conftMiiidcd tli«ir KL-nerttl 
luituxv wf t}| tbrar far^icttliiT cirrumttanm. Uv Liww 
LiMukui ailinatoljr. Tbu la^i^il/ ul' hi) rniiATlu om 
it» »[>civcy » jxvlbcUjr ulouwbiiig. But Flacc-«li«et 
WM Ui0 wwrld lo hinu Il« mw ibiA Lottdoovr* »1» 
did nol raad »vo [irofoyadly Igikomnti And Im ift- 
furr^ Uiiit ft Qr«ek, wJio IbuI Ivw or no booki, moU 
[uva b«ft ju uninlbfmrd >• ooo of 3kfr. Tbruk'* dmj- 

Tbu« tvcam Lo be, no llu conlurx, woij nanm lo 
bdlivtv ihM, ia gvn<nl intoUiguK^, ihe AUiuimui po|^ 
uJao* br «ur|«wd tliv lotr^r ordpm ul ■o_t cuRiMsoit/ 
UuU ji«a ov«r oiiiUd. It oiuat bv cgavKlrrvd* tbat to 
l/d A dun'a WW Ui ba m k^i4ibor, -^ m ioUfkr, — • 
jodgv, — OII9 upon irliotQ fujoe laiglkt defimd tli« bl# 
ft tli« W43d(liittt fHbvtarr auii«i of i\i^ mo«t ctttlneM 
inblic Bkui. TLe lowi^i offienit Uilh of ifEnmhiiff 



^g^ 



1 



001 TttK 4TIUKUX UlM1iJ)£«. IIT 

maA of tndo, wora, in commpon, ptrilmQotJ hy aU^rca 
Hi« ctfnncnWdJtb tuppiied Its bnumm m^mb^Fi ^ixl 
tlic »pport of Ufei tbe oj>pijrtun»iy of kUitrv. anil Uic 
mcuu of uBuMmeaL Books were iiHloal frw : bnt 
\ltcy were ■atodlotit ; und dic^ were 8ccunc«')jr known. 
h ift tMC by tumJDjf <it«t |itvatit«t liut by Tvp«^1«dly 
pvnvtix ■«] mt«ntty roAtamphUiOfC « &ir gival 
wodt^U. that llie iiUTid i« Ix^t dttcrpliio'd. A isjiQ 
uf IvtMr* lausi tww nnd iniKlt llial li« own Ir^rgcts, 
tmd nrock Ihiin wJiicb bv hamt notliiii^ ■Fonhy lo 
bo mrJxutJcnxL T\m t«i4 tt^jfis cmpJov, in gvu^raU 
bm ft «mall portjuii or Itis tiitw. I>«>ai<»tl]cni« ■» auil 
ra hdvv liHucriheil «x Uroa ibc bUiory of Tbu^il- 
kdcii. If bo fa«d bMQ B yoanc pdiiio:^ of tbft 
ftnsrt Bj^i*-* b« Bni|;iti In tbo Mino K|iat« of *J :n« hvre 
•kmuDDd imniQicrvble ncvnpapfn «&d |mniphl«ti. I 
dit iMi cwiiiHun ibat dcMiICory mado of tiixdy wbivb 
ibd tlaBv uf ibiniph in oiir djiy, imidvn ft oiAttor of 
Dooanity. Dot 1 may be nlloiwil to c!oub( vlivlbev 
iLo obtngw <m vlucli thv n4i»irorH of nuxlom imltlo- 
liow ileli|Ebt to dwuU juvo iicprofod ovt oondfi^n >o 
BMdi in nfllity u in 4;>pcamicc* Rmnt^ml, it b rftid, 
pfiyma] lo ibo oloclor of BAwia ft *ch«Ac fo^ ffad- 
inn faDHoJ£en ftt a timch cfiea|:4r rMe tbtn femoHy. 
Hb |ilut Vfts «uii|tly to C(Tai[Kl tbem ht mfttficato llioir 
fwd iJaoDAi^y- A fisiU <|iitiilitir, tKw farm, vdvld, 
iroDCiEb^ (o tlUt BunuKu pn^-I^irt ftlKinJ no^ ■i0t«- 
MftCB (ham ft Ui^ iiwd Imttjly dtf^xmrrU- I do iioi 
know Ikat Ittun^nl'ft prijpiwtiofi wo* rvcdred ; tttc uj 
iIm) mhni, 1 bclii.<T«. it wiii b« Kiuii'l fnoro lUitHtio^ tc 
i^ni « p»g9 tbftn Ut dovDur m volome, 

Book»* l)o«wert irtro tfao lave pan of tbo cdoQfttii>n 
^f ftit Atbomw citiMs. L«i us for a mrimcnt, vr^n^ 

•cvt tMAolviM, iu tboQglit, to thftt f(larioii» city. L«i 



14fi OK T1IE ATHEMUX OBATOHfl. 

in ima^Lno ibat «« are onUriiitf ila ^tlw, a Um Iibm 
«r iT8 |iovr«r Mi4 tjlorv. A cro^d U McomUpd romnd 
i portico. All ire guiiv vitli doUiitlit «t ib» ottaliU^ 
euro; for I'lndioji b j^iiuiiig up tlic AioBfl. Wc nmi 
into anoiIi«r Ain^i ; « rhapaoilitl la rodiing ibRre: 
B^n, w«im«fit children vt ihronpnj^ rMind hitai lfi« 
fMr« »r» nwntii^ down thuir cbedu: Ibar e/ca are 
liivrl ; tbtlr wry tinuUt k Mill ; Tor he i* Wliiif bow 
pTAia bll al tW &«t uf AdtUZws kikI kiscoil UiOM 
IniAdji — iW tvrriUtf, — ti^e munloroua, —~ wUch lod 
al^n BO manv ot liii son.' Wo evter tbu p<iiIi]k 
pln^o ; tbrro ia a rift^ of jrondis, all leaning forvard. 
with sparklini- cyus. anil giMan» of osrpcclalioi^ So?^ 
ntn ifl pilted ■^|r*in>' tlii< famoriu atbeis^ from lonaa. 
ami list jtat broi^hl lum to a ronlra'iJ^Hna in trrmiu 
But w^? are inlarniptal. T!w li«nM u cryiog — 
*' HoDoi Ct>r tltv Prrlanw/* Tbv gtncml ob^cqUi' b 
to &iMt. Thi pvofJo ant iwnnnins in on ctqtj iUff> 
PffofilaBatioa n nuide— " Wfaa wbhca to tpcik. 
Tharo ia a mIioui, aiid a dafiping of hand» ; ?oricl«i k 
riii:iiintj^ tlie aland. Then fbr a plaj of Sophodea; 
t»ii away U> mp with AipiMda, f know of no noibrii 
unUonUj wlikb Ina ao aaMiallant k vjilm of vduc*- 

Knwlodin) tkn« ac^inrfd and tjfimom ifaui ftcMtd 
wnv. indoid, likely to be. In Booid nspccUt ddWtlTft* 
IVopoiitioDa whidi are adwaoed in cfiftOAaTva gfnorallj 
nmll Rxtm a partial mw of tiia <iQc«tiofl, and caiinol 
btt k^ tindor caAmtnaiJDo Icnj^ ciuaigh to bp coi^ 
redfd. Man of graat coanmatiorka] powoia alrooM 
iiniTmally pmciita a tort ot UtsI/ aopUabj ajid vny 
fvnuUnu vbkb ihag n f, tbortlia tnomant, iKith tbiv* 



Ol 'b«r tf£M, 







OS riti: iTiJHIiiUK 4«ATOB& 



14& 



•di^ 4nd their ftudlton. Thtn w« ■»» ^belrrniv, 
»hirh rAfiTiot hrmr a dOM mipection, triarapli pcrpcti^ 
ftlly in dmrni^rcKkRUf in d^baiing *pci«ci«&t Aud «T«a 
in lsgia)*uw or jtidiciai HBMinbUw. To Uiq omivvhi^ 
ikoml uduCftbuD of tliu Atliuniam I am incliiifd u> 
•nribot? ilia gmt Iomwi«m tf^ raaoiUng v'luoli ii 
rHi«ris^1o En noct of their idMitific wnttn^ Em 
llw mot itlo^uail of laodcm tnilcm would *t»nd pfv^ 
Ifictljr a^ Iiml «t th« pilule fidUai<» wlaich tvKia to 
Imve Jtflm^H ftOfn« of ib« jcrcAtcat men of nntLtjuitj. 
Sir TbotiMft Ullibndgr* woiilJ •Urv aI l1i» |<Jlt»aMl 
«CDDoaiy of XtfiQplwu ; uid ibd uitbor of Skr4*t dt 
PiUhbot^^ wo«ild bo Bshunod of iddmi of tbo mete- 
fiii^ca] wfviaMlIt of PUt^. But ilio vor^ c:fcwt»' 
Mutio« ^lueb retaxdcd ibe growth of AckT(i<*c wcm 
potiiliitly favourable 1o tl^« ciiliivAtion of eloq^ivctcv. 
Ptov tli« earij bubit vt' ukinj^ ■ vliut^ in ■fiinmicd 
^IfCTUMi Uw iiii«UJg«nt iiudvnc wotiki darii^ Uttl 
PMdbivt ef rtwurte. lliui co|>ivium(M« of kugoKgVk 
vid Uiftt kngwlodf^u of Uur temper uuj utidpcntanding 
cf «D sudkac«t whick an &r nior« njoable to «n 

KtUr (faMi tJiA gruilA«t logirjtl poirrrk 
Ifovac0 h«'» |ff«ltilj ^mjiATvd po«mii lo tlioM paint* 
p of vlucdi Uie oBoct ranvc u Ihi? ipccUtor duui^ 
lii Mwid. Tlui um* rvinai'k applioa with m\ l«««t 
i^vil Jitftk« IQ cfHWclkOft. T\vinf mmx b* rvad with 
ilie lisBper of Uin«« io vrhom iJioj were addrwied, 
fr ihtfj iMial itfCfWirily aj^pev lo Qi!^d i^ahut tLa 
Uwft of tMtu ■siii rouon i « tbc fio&tt pictocv. iccn 
jh a liKht difteprnt fmn UiU liw- wlurh il wju d*- 
^^vnaj. will appvoT lit oolf fur a listt. TUm ii per- 
^vuwlljr ferjEottftt IfV tli<Mi who crilkiw oralorj* 
ttfomit ibsjr an i«aidnig at l^iu«» ptuaJiie al amy 
bar, racawidiviag ararjr argument, tltey forget thai 



10 



on HD! ATHOUir ORATUUL 



iliA }KVcn wen; harried frwi point lo jwKnt Ij 
n|ihJlf to dMcft lliii Inllibr^ UirAtt^h wiiicli thcryi 
fKtm c<ndiMtfd; tliAi tlioj hjid no lirni> Ia <iU(n*'| 

[tn^D tDpliismft, or U> nolkv itight iniKynmrwri of 
WEpvvsnon; tluit cJaborat^ oxc«llmc9, diW of rvt*, 
floidng or <pf lftii;:u>^s irouJd hsve been i&(Miltit^ljP' 

rllirown away. Tia recur to tho anfllagr of the walef i 
irt, ditte connolwpun famine b pviorUM lliroagbi 
» aueroneop^, and ijmrrvl wHli s 9mne-fiBintJ>r lie* 
C(iiM h« do^A hot givff lA hi* wnrit tftiA pxiytniiltf fli 

VOoranl Dow, 

Onboiy >• la b« wtiEJiaiiM] on iviniHptoi diSboml] 

'frofo tli«ji>f tvtjIHi Arv Applied to i7ili^ j^-kIikiwh^i 
Tnth U tlie c-lijiHrt of pJiiloK^hy and h\i(torj^ Tmtlil 
U ihc nfcprci rrpn ftf thoft« worin whirh •«> p«ti!wrty 
CBl]«d votlcA (iT fiction, but which, in fii*t, Wr lli« 
iuud rvlnlidai td liivtor^ vfiioh tl^bn bran to «nib-l 
OWtfc Tbe iBVrit of portryt in iU vil3ml fitrmt, iitill. 
WWuan in ito trTjth,<->^ truth convvjfd to the wnder*- 
Wndbg, not dinclly by th« wwib, but oin^uitowl^ 
hv tntmra of iitiii|nuliv« ojo^cifttiow, whi«k nrr^ MJ 
iu D'lndurtunL The ♦1iJ«rl i^ ontftiy nlone i* Aol 

'tontK, hilt poniMiriiiii. The ftdaitrarlon «f fhA mii46' 
tttd^ifnMiMi nuk« Mwff« a ;:rMit«r |>4rt ilian Col^| 
Hdg«, or B*«tlie • gr«at«r ptiiloftop^ tJinn BrrtE«1«ri 
But tb« cnl«non of «lo<|utfiKV n iliffnmil. A «| 
who 4>zhaTii'j: the wTiok pliilofophr nf > quL<4fioiT, vthtf^ 

»£*plaji tTtvy gnoi of aiyl^. yM prodticc« no vSVct «i 
kb mudJ«Bo«» may be a givat ran.^-iit, n i-tme alAtafr* 
■ gnmt nttrtor of eomjNuvtion ; biit he U no< nn 
If hv mas diB nnric, it inalia no di1 
who(h«r h* hmn taken mint t^o bifth or loo low. 
Tba «fffvt of th« paai frvodom of iha pfwai vn 
I livw, in A pvat BowM^ lo daitpiy ikk 




Q}i tm ATUMXtAX OUTOKS. 



LSI 



to bftTi» woottg m tilUv of tviiat I ctll 
Offttory pTopni Our livgukiofSi our cuudidilcs, on 
l^iM ooc»in«i» cr»i oyr a^roct/uo^ iuldr«M iIkouoIvb* 
las In ttw ttuiiicuef) liiui to i}m i«|>orl«rii They diinV 
j«0tt of the iVw bcAteri than of the inanmenhle rotidft*. 
Ai AUnim i1i« cttMi VM diHcTcnt ; iJicis* lb« onlj- »U 
JMt oT llwapsvlnr WH& iuiiiwdijUe cuuiicliou itnd jwr^ 
lOMioiu Hct ihorvfofVk vlio imvilcl jwUv ftpfin^tiu* 
ika iMrit of Uiii GrtcBUi ttvlore ihould [ilftre liiMMeU^ 
i» iHKrl5 u pcMblts in tJi« jntuAdoa of llreir attdkori i 
1m tAmld divaic bioucti' of hli mmicTn fv^pgt «aid 
ioqvjrenontAi «nO make the pr^udicoi and inlertr«tM of 
tb«AtlifiiiUli eitutfit hUovm. He w^hc trHudiH ihnr 
woria ia tlin tpuiL wilJ liAci lluii in&iiv nf tbnw liiin|{« 
vUelif tfi an Ecgliih nttior, sppusr to bo Uciiii>lic«,-» 
th«ft«fiiea]t TioUtion of Uw*e «xo»II<di rvim of «t^ 
dcAM if wlikh onr omrU of Utf are rtguJaiod. — Um 
titrAdactiim of cx&aboMiA anaCtijr, — die nirrvnttt to 
0Miii{ittaiian»cir|w1iiica] exp^fdicney in Judicial IttToMi- 
^pUpoat^tbo aw^rtkma, wiilnEit proodl — tlic [ia«kirfc« 
4a «ilvaati«s — tix fiuioLi* MiTFciiTiA,*^ara mUy 
poaft of Cbtf prud«Dc« vid wldnvis d* tliu tp««k«rt. 
Ha aoit not dwell nMd^<BaQilj on argmunU or phTaMa, 
bat ae^i^aico in h!a flnt hapRMoni, It raqiuna ro- 
faatad pomaal and rcfiocdon to deckle riiibtly on aaj 
nliiar porlMBi of UMratarc- But wilh nspcct lA urork* 
gf «fhi<li llw lAant <i«pettd» on tlwir iiuvtati^anaova «f- 
fict tbo noit hwty foilgmoal U liWj to be beat 

Tlie hinUirj ul' i'loqii«(ic« kI Atb«na i> romaHublv^ 
A^im a rvry vmriy jwHod ^rvrnt iproJwni find QuuHjJiod 
ihnv* PuiilnMiu and Tbcvnutoclca aru jald to liavc 
awed nocli of ilioir indufaco to their tal«cita for ^ 
Wu- W« luarn, vrilb morv c^wtainij, that Poricled 
OBft diabn^uiiliad. by aitraoniinary oralorvcal poirapa 



rijta 



OH TMft AlUnUX <«ATOfl». 



AS 



iubvtiuice of 9caat of hi# tproaliM i* trnaimitlttdl 
m by Tlnicydidae i and tJiat ^xc^lfect irrii«r hM 
[dMibtlaBi f^sUifullj rvptivl^ the f;«n«ral line «f hii ~ 
lU. Hnl tha nuuiDftr, wlitrb in imitorj it of ftt J 
Tnnrb coiiitM|u«[icv u the nuuvr, wkb of tto ' 
Lcu io hv iittmUJtHL, It i« cvidodt that lio baa 
It oUfetupfvii tn pi««n'u it- TbrengbouE hi* w«rb, 
'•my ^HMch on uvvry aubjccU vrhmtever may bav« bevil _ 
Ike dwncior cq- tha dinlvct of tbo ifwftkar, m in vtXBctly ■ 
Jhe ttmfi Ibmu Tfi*? t^ro Idu^ oT Spwti, ibe fturJont 
^kma^ogiie of Atliciu, thu tfenvnd cngonr^ j giiig Ut 
ojrmj, tb« rAptivtr uttpplic^iing fbr hi«» 1t4«, all an T«fH 
it«d M t|i«k«» in one im««ri«d Hvlc,— aMjU 
ror MhJalljr mtit 6bir o»Uinc»J punMM*- Hii 
VHMle of ruaMciiiig ii niigulaHy elllptkaJt — m rvati^ 
' moat ocvuccntiT-c. — jol m oppcamice oAcn Incoliopcat* 
Bli nuaubng, in iuclf MScltntlv porplalng, k «iof»- 
|ireA«l into tjie ItrwosC ]»atiUt worcU. Hii jcrcat JothI- 
noM for uibtbHieo) ofpnoHMm h» not ■ llttio norvltK-nJ 
li» Uiti «doL't Breqrjr ott« niii«l have utMrrr^d bow 
ivmdi mora ibe aoiw* u coiutrniiMl in Uio vorva of 
[Pop* iJBil bin JnUatofir wiii> oevvr r«iitar«d Ut ctdliiUM 
la ainc daiwe from ■^cnlplct to vovpkt, tbftn In Aon 
ioT pocu who allow tb u no d io tliM titi-Rvc. Ri^n^.fl 
artMcttl dirbfton. irhkh is ttroni^j morkod, aii^ vhicb ■ 
fivqiMHitly Rwan, bu tbft Mcne Mndeacy. Tb« oatml 
[PmI p«rqiioao«i wpreMicn vhidi af«niaiwouiU nv« 
In iW vnd viU often rofbw to McaounodaM ifM4f to 
•veb • fofiiL It k aoMmaij mihnr to CKpand it iniv 
frMlUHMi or to eeu^PHa it into olinoir Isipcnfftvoliit 
immtj* Tbe latter i> fncDOoIlf tb« ehoin of on 
VM^t and WW flomndly tbo diom of Tbocydiiki* 
It ii scveolj tuoexmmif to a«y tW oucb ai 
HOT** bar* been deliToraL Tb«j on 




tOf TlOt ATIISTCUX 0«ATOBS. 



15S 



IpUf*^ sii<j wvuM pnl>lnb!y \n\« bwn sL'krcvl/ moixj 
inlvtligiUe to an Atbcnimrt audkur than ion m<xl[:tit 
n«<lcr. Tlwir oWiirtty ww aci;nowlotl^od by Cjc*!ro. 
vho wnn u inUmMe witJi l}ic ttitr&mn^ ui:! Itngmge 
ai flrwwrt M thft m-Bl rtr^Dnplnhi^d f^ it* nntiT^ ^ui 
who •oi-mt tft hav»> lii'lij n Tf^pwlabl*" nitik amorit; tliu 
Oiwk anllton, Tlivtr diflScuUj^ (o a nKdvm rvidtr 
Km, iipt In till) worcU, 1>ut In Ui« mA'^iiIii^^ A lTjcIIvik 
•n^ b uf Hu l<?M u»9 tu fttuiiyuii; Uivm tlinn a t^Tour ht^ 
■nd tt dow aiUtitidD (o liic contoxL llify a/« vaIii- 
tUu ti> the fcholor « diaj.lAj'Lr^, Lcyond oliuost uiy 
oAer t<Qapo«IdoiVf, the powun of lk- tinmt of tiui- 
^nagi^: l)ic^ ari^ vnliiJiMp tA tlift pbHoAojjhfqr u Hlu*- 
mt£iif; thv mtiraf« &nd unzmenoir & m^ intert^c^ 
i^f tJi«7 ftboQiid in jtut tbrnighl And ciiur^uc ua- 
prawm. But ilxrv da nol *nabli» lu to form any 
•cirmLa opUiion oe t)w ini.-ntd of iho t^y Grvck 

wsn, AdiMtf hmA pixdocid Mnincnt ipnikm^ y^ ibo 
p«rtod during wliieh «f4>iiwnri^ inc«l flnunalicd «jnoag 
trar dtiacm wu by no umaiu tiaC uf hur ^^^tpit ]»»* 
vr lod gl<"7- It cornaiQn>c«d at ilia clc«o c^f iLv< Tdo^ 
fflBBWJMi v^r. fu fact, dbo tm^K by whicb Atbeiuaa 
unyivy q>praftcb««l lo hi finisltcd cxccIIl-iv^ na^m to 
hftro bwn nlmnit conl^onj^onncoUA witb thoiv- by vihldi 
lb« AtbvuMii thtametvT mod tfi« Atla-riTAn empnv sui^ 
ill (Ji-;>ndBtio4i. At tb«* trm« wbm tbr litl)p rximmon- 
v<-Mlib arbif-vwl ibnw vkTuriftt yh'urh Iw^nty-fivo «>vent' 
(u1 cimtikTi«< \mre \vh tun^mllod, «]uqiivi>ra vm m iu 
liAivc^. Tb daUvorm of Gtmco bocamo iu pltuw 
and opprwwo rt , UmMWOTod outtSom atroctoin 
Um roidnoM of tb« nroltitudo, tho tyrmDnr 



164 OV TBE ATIIEKUV OKATQW. 

oT tV jST^Aftit filled the Cyclvlu* irjtii tfA]% ftni3 U 
tiiJ mouraiiBg. Tl^c sivord unptoplnl vholc islMidt in 
ft tUjr'. Tfa» plou|jii pawtii dvur lk« mint u^ binuoi 
cititv. Tilts imptful rcfiublitf vcai Ibrtii h^r childnw 
b^- ihfUHUi«b i4> fdmt in the ^luviiw «f Sfnci»o, or to 

rvdncinl by tiuniito uid ^Uiighlcr tn hwnbJc bccMlf b^ 
fbro her niKunicA, and to purcha^w tnuionca by till 
•ftcnficQ <if her empire «ftd bw biwj. Ounni; ibav 
din04traa« ^nd ^loomv rcoti, ofiitory vfts ftdtaACUin 
uiwaidp iu lii^?Lii»( v^cvl)ul>('«L Attd li wa* trh^n the 
lui/TiJ, ilitf |)uUticiiI» auid tliv tniliiuiy diRraclcr of tbv 
|K*tipli! vrmi mat ntFcHy d«giwiod, it v«4 vlum tlw 
vkorof of A MftcodouiAu ■or«r«Hj;Q |E]1vo law lo Graviw, 
tliAl tbi! «oitm of Atbtuia wiliHwd ihe inoA qtldkdSd 
cimicjl <S c^umcft t)iit ibc wnrM liu orcr kmywtk. 

Tbe Gftu*a q( iXiXA pTiciunnivnuii it u nut. I lliuiL, 
difficult (o anigD. Tlw dJviMoii od* labour uj'^riU^ on 
t3j« (fr^JiKrtioiis Cif tW untor m it dovi <ai liiH« uf Utf 
voccljuikv tt WM roDULrkcd b^ th« «Bciwt> th^E tb« 
F«ni«lU«cc, who divUod b£a Mi«otiu3) bctwen ttvatJ 
•Etsrvin** tliuugk be could Ddt v>« witb » bccur in ibn 
nc of ibo CGituft, or vriih one who h*d ccAliivii ba 
Btt«nttnn to running tn iJw Cvol«»l od' iho tudiont, yH 
^Qfcd f>r gnaXKr gaaormi Tigotir and bwUb tbat) 
vidjcr. ll ift lji« tamii wilit ll»! &ib(t Tb« Kupfvioci^ 
\q l^cbnrtvl ftkili u (iftun amcv ibui cumpeoMtrd Lj^ 
tbc Jiifcriontj' in gonanH iBtolllgesco. And Uw i« |»#- 
cdiarl^ ll>« case In polUbft. StaiA littve ilw^v bees 
bt«t jco^umod br aocA vrbo have takun a wkL; v»w ol 
public affur*. and who hav« ruhvr « g?»mi aniMB^ 
anoo with natty «cimcM llia^ a I'vriect iiitej of onch 
The UAoa (f Uw puHtM^ and iiuUtar^- dcfvrttiwoU in 
Oravcfl c«»tribut«d uvt « tictJv ha Um v^Jwiduur «f U» 



I 



dot TUX. ATBtXUS OftAtOAfl. 



1(U 



nJ« uid ff^aimt ipoakon Bppcu«d ; but the l>ro«d 
il iUlvsawa dwindlfd ttud b«cuBO uluvMt cxttncl 
Th«ftWtoclci or Pcnclu a-ould h-in? Wn no mntcli 
Gbv DcnottkMiM in th«t udwiohly, or far Iphicr»l»« 
to tlH* ficU. But fenivfj' llipj WfTB looompMnbly 
tidtcr littcd llua oUhur tor the lupreow dirvclion at * 

XWq U Indeod » raoArluiUo oouKiiikiiicc betw«e« 
tbo pro^iM of ibo art of war, mud tHu of Uw an oT 
MUory. &m<mg tfav Graeka^ Tluy be>tli admncod to 
peHbctioo hff cav/Um^toMmnmM iCcpv and trwn rinuhr 
cMunL Thft •v\f ApnOnva, Uk« tha aftriy wvriat* <if 
Gnrcht w«R mcndj a miliiia. It nai found that i« 
butJi tfaploymcnbi prauturc and duciplm* pkta nipii> 
uniy.^ Each irimmt ifaenrfbro btcama fim an ^xU 
and tbea a trader lu proportion u tbo jirofavora of 
lad) hocuM nora vxpttt m thar panicnlar crafl, Uiajr 
bttuaa loa rapedable in tbor ^^wva] character. 



iraf lilaliV ntenrf ■■■ «flia vhI Km^kablt r-cfrti iaitrHka hMdyi 

>a> lilt twmfcuUdi flf <a* I'tfct^aa-MB "^^ Uh tifjtt a* t^jwdMto 
fti^i* « III ail lu ftf lUT' ilbpcifihae. )u »W4L lrL<iit««iaw, wn tt» 
mm*. A<cM*lf, dhrifesr ii1u« mnii Ih* riiiaj;* t^l V^«> "^ *^ 
AUt«| «r U> hli^ Tiwt lbs 4pHtu Hulv iMr« frvjBaiLtljr ila/*«Md lb 
pAA«l taifl-^ — a Ki^invfv 4«nMpr«l rmpH^ilpl* in e(ii nillff igv» 
■f dm *. TWv L>«*]1*4«4 l«hi«v dif^l ujhi Ur^ifli ; t*4 iri'y ■«> 

bflij^ Uttolat^am f^Tla«tf (Irr-iit^iba^H )« arTt*f<t, aa ar «> I Ldch, 0/ 

hinlptin Uod^ dftrtBf ik« 1-frtka w4 rvtoinMaiu wi, OHf k«d 
an ftdf^Mfvow UHtrumKuflTf vbica fw^w oddjh ifvtjv pMiia 
fV VkJIIu*^ TUi U*u«vt tti7 fa>(. <^f n e^'" '^^ I-VBi >^ ■ ^i"* 



!M 



OX TIOE ATHKKtAH OKATDRI. 



4 



\ 



Thtir ikil] had been obuiMd %i um gmt expi'DM 
ia bf c«if-lt>j-4^ dVklj from dmnt«rcsl«il ricwt. IIhii, 
tkti tM'ifin foTfsnt t)iftt thfir v«ro dtiwns, tatd iht 
ibon thit tii«T ttvn- fiUto«ni«ft. I knuw not to 
«1i«t D««EtQaUieiM> and tdft ikvkoai cqrtempofmii«i am 
bo K> jwUj cois|nr9d w to ibuto nuTcanuy Iroofv 
'«li9. in tliQtr tiae^ oiromti Gnvoi ; oc thoM «rb^ 
Imi ttnukr ca^isisi, were kouic ccoturiM i^ the 
■gOTirgo of tha Itttiui rcpiiUic*, — pcHbcUy scquainlnl _ 
with vTcry put of that profinvOM. in<oiitIbl« in th«| 
tioUt pMNfrful ta ik^Ad <tr to itftOroj, bnl defindiag 
wiihoot loT«, ftnd datroyinK withoni batrvd. W« 
IV detpMc tbe clinnctcn of tbvvo polttkml CWia|i> 
r bat il is impgnible to «iuihim ib« uyttam of 
ucuc« wtiliout bcins; «ai«wd m ■!■ pcrihetioB* 
I hvl inlcndod to proevvd lo thia exKounfttion, snd 
^|o coittidor Hfttraiolj tbo rvmalM cf L/mm, «f iBo- 
of D««iaMbanea« and of bocnuas, who, ihovwb 
Tthr ipCAking hn wwi nohfr t pomphlrtiMr than mn 
ilor> de«errm, oo nuiijr oc^ounls, t pUee in vucb o 
titkai. The IcDf^ of mj proIi^oaeiK ukI d»> 
conpflJU BIO U> pofrlfKUko tiitf part or tlio ttib- 
to another occoaiun. A Hn^c^^i^ ■* cvriainlT % 
.i]t%bi/ul iiivcutkia Ibr o vc^ idle or a rcrjr biuy 
Ho in Dot compelled to covpIeBo bta pUn or 
adhere to bb vabject- Hi? loky niMt aa Gir u 
ho i» inciinttl, and aiop 01 noon u h* u lirad. Ko 
^lioe takca Uio trouble to rveoUvct bit contn<iicfn7 

It or bi* umdotfikod plcdf^cK. lip ttutj be «> _ 
[ffni>erftaal, aa incofWMloni, and it* c«rWeRi t« 1^1 

H^uiMtt rcMOiblo l]i»ve Iklle tngeU. wbo> 
[i%cootdi^E to the prct^ Babbtiura] inditioa, am f^o^ 
>ntixl cTcty »amuig bj the barook wMch rolli 
Ac Aowon of Pand^— whoao]il^«A 



oTcrfl 



ox Tm ATmcviAv oiufou. 



1ST 



watlilc tiU »mu<C, iukI th«ii Biiik boi^k witiioul reKr«l 
ctito onlliingivcai. SocL *|>lnta hdvc nothing to ifc 
viih tlie ilf«wtl&g fpni/ of IthurUJ or iii« victoiiDiv 
tword of Mkhocl. It a cuooifh for tbcm la ^nm 
■ni far ftrgoOMB. 




k pitopiiirric ACCOUNT op a GRxyu xa 

TIONAL KI-IC POKM, TO BE ESTITLED 
"TOE WELLlNGTOSJADr AND TO BK 
PUBUSHED A. IX ItmA. 

How I UciBv 4 piupUet It uf noL very vMi\ 
tu t)i« nitdar to know. NeTorlhdcv J &«l all tbt 
liiLxictjr irkfclu u&tW uinllAr cLrcuiiuuiMvi, troubbil 
Uio KnsUivc mind of SidrapUel i and, bke htm, u« 
M^ to Tindim* inyx-lf from the KUfadoct of W- 
irgi pfictiMd Jorbictdo,^ uti, or held iniertouttto v^iih 
b»iiig;i of uipOtli«r world. I ttolamnlr dcfhrvi, there 
fcKv ihki 1 oev*r mw • f^Mt, likA l^ird LvUlolati ; 
cuuiultcd « ifvptr, like Ju»vptii(ie ; or liuanj my hhim 
proiMUiWttl br ui mbMnt pcnon, Jiio Ih-. Johtuovi. 
ThOQ^ h i« now ftlmort m uttui for f-cmJecQai 19 
jqipcar at tJie umbwbI of their ikatli to thor ftkndi 
v to oil oil ibom fkrii^ Uiotr Kfb, feooo cf my ae- 
lualntMOCO have bren bo imIIio m to pay qm tkat 
tUBtonuiry AlteoUDn. I tmrc deriT«d my knowMj^v^ 
mridior Cram t)ia 4«od nur from llio firing;; iw^thi.^fl 
^m tiio linm of a hand, nor front tbe iptNHuU of a 
U«-ciip ; noilbor from tlhf ttan of tbt flnnainvitt, not 
froia iho fioiilt of ibo aliVH. 1 baw nrvAr, lik* Ibt 
WaLhiy ftmily, houtl ** that nigbtj- Indlng angal.*' 
vlto "drtv aftor Urn tbc tUnl part of bsavro'i acma,* 



I 



■aritfcliinx in my cup^nl, 1 liatv nuver \xvn tn- 
liccd to ugti Ally uf tboffl tklunra bood* wbicli Imt^ 
bvao Um ruin of to nany |>oor oranurw ; and, bav* 
inf ftlvrap been m mtliffjtvnt lutrMcian, 1 bavo bcto 
Ciurvfiil mil W vcRture mj^^f <ni a broonHtick., 

Mj iniiglit tnid fuliirity, mLi> lliat t<f Gt^rjc« Pooc 
tW ifUifcer, «Qd tb^l dT our fnv«t atiii ptriia*ophii: i>aci, 
Uird BjTi4>, » dffrivni from «lniplo prvMiitiiinut 
TbU ■ li fiir Wm ftrliQckl |iirvcv« th«u Uhmv wIlh^Ii ilto 
tVililo^vd b/ •ocutf u(hcn« Yd oij^ predicUoDi wiV, 

I bv&vv«, Ui foEiuL KMv vurroct ib&» tJiwi's. or* ai 
aD tfToata, a* Sir Bftojuitiii BackUte aaya lu Uio play. 

I prdplierr. LIiuq, that, in Uie ywfcr '28^, ai^runiiqA 
to nvr jircmt rL^cJumiuK, a )[raiid national Kpt« I'^^em, 
woriJiy iv be ciHnpaivd w'wk Up* llUd, tii« £i)viti, «r 
the Jenualon, will bif puUi>KHl in Luiuion, 

Mmn natQniUy take «ui btcfon in iho nJv«iiiiin» of 
Vroy onbtmt writer. I will, ilnfivfi/iva gnitfy cb» 
hadablo cnriouty, wbickt on ilui ocaunun, will iloubt- 
Um 1m luittwval, by pnBiiilg t& my account of lb« 
patti a c<iiKi«> UKnotr of the pcxtt. 

tticbaH QtlongLJ wiU br Ijom nt Wi^iminttor cm tiw 
1m it( Jiily, 27^6. He will Iw ijiv youngvr f^ii oPiIm 
/«ngvr bnuich of qim cf ^ iuu»£ rL-*pvcudilc Kunllna 

II BAe)ind. Bo will b« tiiw^lly d««G4D<l«l frm 
QMngli, tilt* fiunaai Chincw liU-'rilt irlio, alkr ibe 
Mow of the hrroic aucoifit of hU pnrty to obcatK a 
nvtUiQlaon frocQ tlw Raip^rtfr Pltii Fam, will tako 
Kfuga in EniiUivd, in the- twenly-i(iir<l cmturr- Hore 
hk iliacanJ»oto will ^iblaiii <ianfli(I«rablp iioio - uhI oft« 
Inaeb of ibo bioily will bv nu»«J ti' tbv |i^ra;,-«. 

KdM/^ bvwavw, tiwa^b doftinud ta tiiuiJt bi* £ub- 
^ to dbthutkoi lar noUtf tlmn aay whk^ wtdth or 



^ 



di 




pROPtnmc Acronrr iv ax u*\l VjSM 



HiW cin bMlour, wil] Im borti to ft t^ srAniy (firlTrm 
Jl« will i&pky in hi* ««rly joutli nicfa vtrikmg utMita 
»* nill sllr>ct tlw i*olH3* of Vi»e»:»nnl <Jun«gtJ, hii 
Uiiix! coTUJH, thffi ivcivUry uf tiafte fisc ilw S^viini J>^ 
paj-Lmi^i. At lb* f«pvtin> of ihtt onioonl onfaltrnmiit 
heiriU beA«nt to proMcute hk itadfoaatUio unlvpi^ 
otj of Tombncloo. To thM invtrfov mig 

Uwn be anncl«d bj the Itifth srieatifio Hnrvter 
Ppo ft >ioff QntabAbock, nr^d the- #riiiotnt IrMritT 
u«nb of Pr^rvsvor Kinvy Ki«Ltfy* 1« «i>tt« <if tliia 
fcntudoliU ccnipvtftJon, liovevtr^ Q«ot^ will arqum 
die hlghoet bonoan ifi wory deEmtnoni of hocvlod^ 
arid vrill utiioiii the (^.-iIomii «f hla nAodfttM hj li^ ai&l- 
fthl«f ftnd diudlcflrd nMiuiifnu The guuilUim of t 
joiamg TMot cf Oornngton, ]>r#mipr pwr of Rn^Un 
ui<d tbe lart nfnuiEiinjr trii^o of i}\« tnci^ni ani} ill 
tritJV thou** of StniUi, will bo ilvin>a< to )wrttr« 
tibltf on in^flnKUir for tltifir wiinL n'itli lh« Dukv, , 
Qtraigli vrill porfgnsT tiro ^ml t<nir. mi*d rinl lil^H 
poUohed coeno «f Sfdtuy ond Ccpctown. Aftor p r>^ 
▼uling on lib pnpiC with j^^rat diAmhv, to rabduft 
« vinl^at ond nii|<milpfil potHino wbirh Sr hid rAo- 
mEywI f>r o lloU«nli4 iMdy, of grvol bentitj- ond 
ftC!COioplifllinufl»b iadenl, but of diihiocv cborK^er* 
ho u'in trevflj with him Ut the Viitxtd Stotn offl 
Atnerioi^ Uut thot irvcncodovft wn- whWh wfllfl 
bo ikjttd tx> AiBpricoa liberty «dll, at ihnt timo bo 
VA(^]|f tliroi^ tho wbol*? frrlirMlon. At Now 
Ydrk tho rrmi-olVn vlll lif«r d' ilir Unol iW^cot oad 
dcmlh (iT tiih U|u«inon> chMnp«on ^f Avrikim, ,Toa- 
dthfin Wt^nhritiaiAt ond of fho olovotkn of Rlmoaof 
U^t^iUnS to till* perpoo^ FroMoM^. Tboy wilt imI 
tboM u> ptiTCvod in « joiavoy which voold oxpo^ 



«l(*flimiit 

TywUm 

;liia 
mm 

««• 
nl- 

n 



a 



I 



A nX^niKtM: A^XlCfVT VI AX H'IC I^XIH 101 



di«n to Ui« intiiltt of thai bnual voLdioryt «bon tnwJ- 
ly AuJ apidty will hi>'e ib^Tuuiiyl M«)dco vhI Ct^ 
lomhia, iid r>ow. at laigth, lamlarcd thdr 4»«m cnanliy. 

Ob tlwir rMurn 1o Bngtam), A.n. i^lO, lli« Jratli ol 
thir Ookie vill comppl his pncrpior lo vcek tbr a Mil» 
MflUDCV br Ihcnry kbooM. ilU tbia« will b« mWipi 
by JDMtij iBuU prodoctiooi of coosidanble nuHt ; iod 
he will ftl ImI obtain a p«niiftncnt plncv m the luf^cM 
ekatt of writtiTft bj lib getAt epic pocai. 

TU« ceMinted work wUl buoomc* witk WMMnq^ed ' 
ivftftiU^, ■ popaUr Anwiitc. The «aic will be lo bene- 
Add to tLo nutli^ tlut, iwtnul nf gotn;- ftboul tliA 
AH; «U««(« w Uft Ttflodipoiln lie Hrill bo vcvbt«d to Ml 
Bp luft ballooti. 

n* cbnractnr c>f iJu* nobl^ jkmmu will be ^ &u«iy 
■tid jn«iJj' givifn in tbo TonibuciAo Review for Aprii* 
2S2A, that I cftiuui iv&«)n from tniuUtu^ th« pn^ 
«n^ TIm iOtliiK' will be oiv port's ulil prcrtpfcor, 
Frrfamot KiiHj Kickpy. 

** In paiim, in spt<«i(k>iir <if language, in ninttimm 
et f«anficatica, Mr, Quon^Eti hv lung bcon conwleral \ 
m anriviIM> In fiu «JC<tuiajfia [iwia oo the CntieAofjn** 
dbu Par^dxatM all tliwe qualitkv arv tlivjikyHl in llMif < 
1^1 ail »H perfbdion. Ht>ir l^wjAoIj dkic; tlmt uwk; 
■nvi uid rmbixiy tbo imdcliiud aiiii vagiio shadow*^ 
vhkli iit OTI3' atk iamjpiMliirc rnitkL The aiM worldi-^ 
1»D^ inATbotr<Hopr«]Mad it; butit wiUflQ<l arotpofu^^ 
■ • iton ot' evtrrv yovtldul piwtt of cvcar)' anUiBU** 

k ur wbu b^ *aan ui t^i^dbvrTncAia PoFodbna 

l/jr ttomli^L But i«« wm yvt to I«uii that ba poa* 
ir»«d tlia oew np fa lw naiopt tbo jnd^Beou aaul tha Jar- 
tplitj of i^ad li>Ji»p«mblo U iho cfric poM. 

*^ It ti dificidt to cofHwre a plot iaor« perAct thnn 
>bat c^ th« * WaUin^tttiiad.' Ii b taoal fnillifiiJ to tba 



raa. b 



IW A rft^nnrrw ACConiT at xs xmo TMot. 



1 



ottiiMviP of ik« fl^ lo whi^li k rriAtfA, It pmurvM 
tlHm nioa utfiiQ^ with all Um i^mcwm nitr«ciifti of 

Tbw &r thu Ivonicd Prifbowf q{ Huumitit in the 
mmni^ of TombucUM. I f«v ihat the crtlka «£ 
MrlfaBB will foffm ui opinitm dkniMric*Ur o|i{mm»i» tt 
fo tl]«*a rcrf pooiU. ScmiA will, 1 frar, be diiftuaMct 
b^ tin* inftc-Kukuty, wlucb w d«rivod from Uw uyitiologjr 
cf nioAt Grawe. I c«n oulj mv Umc hn Om tw«itiy- 
nutdi vracurr, tltnl nacbincrf wQI be oidwnallj in 
iiw inane poett ; ^"■^ ^*^ Quoingli wilJ ti^ a, i«nf5 
In aKihrnaHj wnli ihe gencrmi |>r«ieiii?«* and \mtx\y 
fti>m A vAhcntion, |t<7h*p« exccmvo^ for tbo gn^i t^ 
Btftinft of cbttiflU uiiiquttj, vUcli vlll ihtn, ■« now, 
be ftabdnotiily fWMul b^ vrvr^ Kian of fldarfttion ; (Inagli 
TocTi AlooiVi iong« vr£II b« fergoUoii aad onlr iKph 
eopiv of Lord Hjnn** woflui wUI oaust : «u« in dn 
ponwiicn of Kiiig tivorgo Ui» NhtHHunh, <in« in tli* 
Dolw <if Otrri^gion'* eolkotioci, «nd om tn Ui# Ubrtiy 
of tbo Briculi Uwem. Kindhr, shonld any f?Md 
|>«opl« be cvmcwiM u> hwr duki Pi^ui HHkhu wilt 
ID Iodic rr'Ain ibi<ir inAi«iif« ov«r lit^rBrniv, 1^1 (hnn 
mHcf : th4(, V tbr lliajukp or St. IHvid'ft imjb, in hk 
"I'rooA i<r iJiw 1n«|iimkin vT Ui» ?itivlltn« Varw*,'* 
raid it th* Lvt rnvsttngfif the RgvMl S<>cict]r of I^Jtam- h 
mnk -*At nit QTintt, n Pngin !• koC n Pflpifc" ■ 

8ooM nvl«r« of dii; pnui.-nt dat may tlunk iliil 
Qoongt) ii bjr no UKwii <«iiiM in tbtt e<im[!difntfili ^ 
vUnk bk Kffrro crk*o pnr« bin on bis *db«n?nM< to ■ 
IbV ^iitntifiil ciTn^nl(linr^c« of ihr tinw in wbicb bn ~ 
bift dwMn hk aubject ; llut, whiqv ho iiitroduOH mtiy 
ln£t ef our tiuumurm, It m m tJio «t«in^ pheVi siid tbit 
bi wMfanaib th4 cmlOBu of ovr ifv witb tboi« «f 



i 



A rammcnc Aitrftr^cT ot ix Knc pom. itB 

nmdi mnr* nmottt pcrrioilt. F riui nnl^ my t|i»i tkt 
tJi«rft« i« nifiait«i^jr nwr« nfpliAble to JIoui«r> Vtrf^il, 
■ad Tiuu. ir, Uicrditfv, ibd radvr ibould <lit<«ct, in 
Ui* MTowiiig sbvCnK-i of tb« plot. Any ttuU dorlalion 
fron airW'. hutorical nccumrjr, let liiitt rutlect, lor ■ 
Mwinuil, irhtf&b«r A^vocmnoii vonid not have foQnd 
V niTM*h (fiiymatm m tW HMd, — D>doin the ^l^rirht, 
^OrGfiilirrv in tJi'- JcraaaAtnt, l^t him nol nrtffr 
hii Ofiiiiiom to cirjK-rid on cirvunatfrnnnH wlutli <4itni>t 
fauMf MfTect tli« tmth «r &Wi*jod of 1if« n^rvH^nl** 
lion, ff it he impttaiblv &rn «ui^I« nnn to kit] huTi* 
'Jradi tn bftlllo. ih>e inpoHiliilirr b not dlraiovJiffii by 
dbtUMw of thn«^ If H bo u certain that BUmlda 
pcrcr dacnchnBted a fofc*a in I'ttlcfdnc uit i> thnt tiM 
Duke of W«>llIiigton T)<<T«r ifiwiKliMittd tJi« foreit of 
Sa£«i«s^ cAii wt^ m rnJaanal hmvi, liol«-m« At one Udtj 
md t' ■' i^iftodiw? ("W tlu*, nt l*«*t^ I »m r#rttMn, 
itksl . - exrut^ tre Ivaw fur wlmiriii^ i)i>- pluU 

nf iboi« binaiw pocnvi our duldiTi; wiU h«ro for •£- 
ftjlinit tint of Hi^ " WellingtOnJAd/' 

I «U1 proQccd to mts m vkeLcb of the Mmlivi^ 
TV tii^fct b ** Tbo Rdgn of the Hundnxi Dnj«." 



Tnit poem contnvneck. in form, vritfa a fotaiin pnp- 

Mrtfon nf the imlij^n. Ttwn thu miuu m ioviJuMi to 

^ ihc po«t Elf^c^Ynlt« inlbnBatioB u lo Ui« caiMtti <^ 

• 'Hhlo ■ 4^(nnnK>tioa. The uu«><«r to t\m qu^ttion, 

1 .-. it b to be mppoiiHl, ihc joint pfoductirtti <rf tbo 

■ Bmt th« mtnp, »srribei ili« ^Tvnt to dmilwiAncM 

'l^-^i liMrt hitbofto rloiM ftU tha re * wrdi of politinl 

orittfii oBDclr, ili« idhraocv uf lb« ^ Mm, who, 

■«ii» idd htd «etn« Ivrty jfwri Iwforo umrpcd th« 



ii>4 A rA>piii?nc AOCOVHT Of A9 cpic rom 

toi^^ffnl rif^litK of old Culti BuiOBipirtoi and £if«a 
Utlb lo NspolDoiL B^ hii ufecdumoat it wu itiat tfa« 
«tnparcv wiUi lui dvr^ifid compuuew «■» qow qh tb< 
ntt, retuning to Jiis Mcictil docniiBPtu. Tb« fodi 
wuro at priMcnt, ibramtloljr IW Ute iUvcituiivr, f^^ting 
wiiK <]i« EtttfopliBj, wboM eBttftoi&moiitA, ftcrordin^ 
to lli« »;in«ni fuitoEia lirAcnbttd 1^ Homtrt tlicr&D- 
hiiaU/ »Uvji(]««I, with iktt ttiMi «ort of coiulcMvaKliMg 
IfluUuJijr urbic}! now caimMt Llw cabimst tv fJuJliTliill 4Q 
Uiu 9iii of NovtQubor ^vjrtuiic, v«i, in connqiMnoi^ 
atiMitt, utd iuuiU*j 10 jjivi'Mki th« wnvniy of Ida &TOQr- 
iuf i»l«iid fran crovAirtg hie elvuMfit, Borcw* bioweT«r. 
whch hnd hi* abode on the b^nk* of the Ea«dui oc««n, 
viil who, hkfi Tlutii Ui the Iltad, wu not «f wJfr- 
cicat ^wJitj lo Inve ui tnvitAtiiQD to Ethiopia, r^ 
>dJt« to dwtro^ tbft &Tnuunont which brii^ wv mad 
dacvM- to hii boluvtd Almudv. llv «ctardnf^ 
iftitw a itonii vbkh i* mart powoifaUjr dAcribvd. 
NapJvoii WwaiLa tba bglorioiu &L« fur wbidb b« 
MCOki to bo nnerrcd. "^ Ok I tliriw b^ppy," tmj9 b«, 
^tjioift vbo v«ro troum to dutb ■! Krwttoi, or 
vhiiglrtcmd at L«qai& Ob, Eutasoff, bnvA«£ «f tiM 
Riu«i«o*„ wttFirlure wfti 1 n<it p«niiitt«d Ia fidl b^ 
tity rirtorioQ* •vonl 7 " 11« Hiott offt«v » pnyoT la 
J£ulus aiid vimv to liun a BMinGi:« of s bUck nni- In 
CDiiKtofiMoco. tHe god iw&Ik hk turbulMii sal^oct; th* 
la'A i< aUiMPd ; and tbo ibip ancbore \u tbv port &f 
Tr^ua. Iftpoloon and Eitftnod. wbe U always caUod 
lb*f &hhftil Bartruuli land to axplocv tbo coootrj ; 
Mnn Qhotti thcflD dl4gnii«d a« a lancer of tl)« j^oardt 
■cvinff ihe cnm of tho Le^im of honoor. He ad* 
Hmi thpfm Id apfdj fur pgcwaario* of all kuid> lo Um 
KOTvmor. ilupw» Umid tbv waj, nod diMpptftra vitb m 
Mr<itkC aiM^I of ipiapo^dur. NapoArm oakis « pm- 



i 



i 



A i-iitjpMKrTc kccovm' cr hx mc poiu. IM 

ihHie kjwech* nnd «fitcn the gDv«nior'» ItouMs H«n 
bif VW4 hftji^iig up H fiiiv ]jritit uT tJiu battle of Auricf- 
Kif, hiniseir m the fore]27TTuiid giving bin oH^rv, This 
putt htm in hl$h !^iriu ; ho adviknoiwi ^mi Aahitat tliQ 
({MVcmar. who ri>cdv«! Wm mwt lojrJlr^ ^r« hioi an 
cnCartaiftment, And. armriUn^ io thn itu^ rif nil rpir 
bnOKmiMU Aftflrlhn-T on * fall n«rnt&.»ji *Ff »II tliAl 
ban hA|f-nu!vl (o him stoce tJ^e baltl^ of Ldpxic. 



iUOK IL 

Natolbox rftTTio* lin nAiTtUvtf from the batlT^ or 
Leipsk: to kU A^KficAiiim. But, •£ W6 almli Iiavq a 
gPBAt qnnntitj^ of fighting <m nur luntU, T thinV i i bmt 
ti> omk tiM ^<t1^Ia* 

KAF<»tito;t da«nb«A liia atjouni ut Elbj, und li!a iv- 
iiim ; how bo vnw dmwi br ttrrst of wwuhor to S«^ 
jrnla. And fbii;*hl with lli(» liaq>!i:^ lb«.*ro ; how he wa» 
fh^n r«rrird l»l]f^-wnpd lo Si-rilT, vh^rti he pi:nercn)aly 
titfik tin hfx^ an Btiglith Mllnr, whnm n. nun of wAr 
bod tmlispinlj lc& thm-. und wbo wrn« in kmTiiinf^r 
danger nf tcu:^ do^-onred by tlic Cytlop* ; hov>' hv 
bmlci) in the taijr of Kti^lw. t^^ th« Sni}*!. nAd di> 
«f«sdecl to TArtuTU ; how bo hr-!d A luoj* aod path^tTt- 
eoDTcimtian with Ponlnowtki, whom ht* fou^d wnn- 
4arixi)C unbuHcd on tht* bonka of l^iyx : how b« twora 
la gjw him ' ' IM ftim-rAl ^ hiiw he buJ il&Ci an 

tllbrlinfiftfr- . . .' m\h Or^ix ; bfiw Mon-iu AbJ 
tfif !ial|>h Aherrrombi^ ded At the fli^if of him. Hf 
nbM tiuU bu thtn n>4;iah«irkoJ, And met vitb notli- 
ng of bnportaiK* ull the commvacamonl d' tliu itono 
villi yrhtA the poem oponA- 



JLOtf A fUlVlUTO iOaOIIHT 4V AS P-JG roKic 



B(K>X nr. 

Tub BCimc chum to Puna- Vmim^ m Ili« i:*rb 
lai cipfTM, bring* iiiWliin?c<« vif tlio Imdiiiji nf N^m^ ^ 
lifoiu Tbo kin^ perfonM a nuriiico! but th« vnimili ■ 
tro viiJkroiirvlilc ; juid the vit-iiia U mith<tut ft hcurt. 
Ue praparo to encounter t!ic invAder, A jo^uij; c»p- 
tain of thi* grunl, — the non of Miui« AnK4MHI« bf 
Apollo, — in the vltaii^ of a KiMW, m^to in to tall 
Uin thftt Nppolcofi in afpTOtt^kinj- wirh a vnt mji 
The rojai foraat ftr» dniwii out Tor balt]<?. FnlJ rM^ 
togUM fti« gjr«a of Um nf[uMnt< im both nd«« ; tlivir 
Dolonob, Jmit«iiant«ib]>«U« juid unHbnn. 



I 



T«m kmg comra fmrwnri mhI di^Am N«pi3)««i to 
ikifl^ ooufc^t K»pitl«on arcefi* iu SAcnfic«f «** 
o£l«red. The griHiiid ia rticojiiUKNl bv Noy mid Mao 
di^iiull Tlia ci>infa4lftut« *dvftnc«. Lova map* 1i« 
[■utuE UL vain, Tb« bullfl of NipoWoo. va tW ci»tr»< 
ry, GiuTiv* oS* tho 1^ qf thu kuig'i c«r. Ka|inlco« 
Ifaoa rudMOO UiB«wonl in hxiuL But I^otibsnAicliet 
up « n«not mdb vi Un i»on of dioac dc|ccMnto dnjv 
inU be in»Ue to norc, tiad b-nrU it at lu« «nu^iu<t« fl 
Mara ai-ctU tL NA{ba1onD tli<a ittsm Lonu. nnd u 
about to orike a &ta] blow, whvn Baccliiu inlcrvcDoa, 
tilca Vmoi in tbo tbrnl bodk of tW Ibad, bean otf tbo 
Icing in a thick cloud, and vala biio in an boUd at 
LOK ttitl; a boulo of Mamacbinu iind a baiin vf suoip 
odbn? him. Botb arsiM butatidy pnckin NTi|inl«aia 
nnpaior. 



A 



< 



A IlKirJlKTK ACOOrSCT 09 ^7C UiC Pfll 



167 



DOOK TL 

KEtTVsri; r T lun w d from Im EtliSopiuQ nw^, 
wlik a^ tJko «i-onlji vlbich hare ukan plaice in Eu- 
rv|i«u il» di«A to the cave of Alerrli^, luwl dra^ii oai 
Ui« ticud. conmuDdini; bvr to exa'lc unjvui^ bmtilitj 
i^iuiut NajKtlooa. Tlio Fory rvpUrs to Lord Cft.-ifi^ 
n^^h ; MoiL ^ *1mi *hc viwud Tvmn^ aIi* «»igiii:d 
itM-feriti of AA oU womnti, fJic hur^ offwan In tK« 
Idaiimd «liape of Mr. ViuiMttnrt, onil in on tmpaAiotiiMl 
•iMrov nKom kia VinMtip to war. ITU 1ord»Kip, likn 
Tnnnts, tn«ts tKi? itiiii<jiit«<[ niontlorwiih ^^vaiiI]*- 
n*pe<^t, IcUi liitQ iW ho b >a oU dnting foot, uixl 
bU^rii hJjD to hK»k alWr thv vrajv mtd nuunK arid 
l«ivo f^utftvoiit of p«c» and wmr to ha$ hHxtn^ The 
Knrr liicai dbplap all hor tciron^ lite neat jiowdcr^ 
h^ bnallea Dp ini-:' *Jiak« ; tbc Uodc icodnn^ appear 
ciDUod Titli bluod ; aiirl, bnuMUakia^ a (orc)i| tho mn* 
wmnt^n her namn arA cnusiovt. . LnnI Caeftlcroagli. 
iimd with ftirj^ A^'a tnttjinik to tlw* PaHiiuncnt, ami 
TVGOHUiMttkda war with a Itirrvni of «loqiMnt iiivr>rtiv«^ 
All tlia tDcnUwrv imtantJ^ ciaiaour IW v^nffriuiou, mcm 
ihw annt vUidi are faaii^mg itraiad thu wniU of tba 
and nuh Ibrth toptvpurv ft^r iiidtAUi LcAtiliiiw. 



Jjl thia hank hxtfiVipin*^. ttrrivf* at Lcmdnn of tlie 
fliirtd of tlie DoicliMs <VAR^J^irt<? &T^tu Franco, ft 
U «:Aed iW thu iMsrooMk umcd &ai» h>cMid to foot, il(-- 
ftaikd BotUhox against tlir I'Jlwfvnta oT ^iapokiccit 
vd Ihai iha faufihl Itaiiii to htutd with Cbuwd. huJ 
b«U htm down vuh aD «uunuona aton& DaHrmxl !»]? 
MiowoEa, Kbo at lait, tiko Tiirnoa, phaigtti. aroad 




1 



ru/I'lULrll; Ai;tMVST 4W JUT CMO HMal, 



•i d» nti, into tho Gmrounot uctd >wii» tu ah E^ka 
iiri}> whicl] lay otr tio cout. 'till* ioirlligeaco yit 
uutrii inOainvc iltv Eoj^liab to w^. 

A jfit bolder fiitfict Uloj) tn^' whkJi W bom mint* 
lioned funovr*. T^*c Dnk* fd WMia^fxm goM to take 
tcnve of tbtf ducbm ; Kiid h tcvstf {ismm qniu «c|ubI lo 
tbQ liuiiou* mturnew «if ilcdor oihI AnclroaiMr)»\ 
Lonl Di>Tiro u friglUanvd ti bU blJi«r*« fiAilior, but 
L<y for hi» tpaotaftt. 

nOOK VOL 

NismTAit, tEvmbliog for tlic «v^ni of i)i«i 
fJowB V«iius vbo, u (ho olfciiring c^ bia tlwoont, 
natnnUI^ rcEncntcs ban, to pnxoTv Cmn Vnlmi 
doatU/ tvfovd and a pair uf WMting [wtol* for th* 
dokv. Tbi-jr ans ftororiltngly made, and »upert»1y dec«- 
imtcd Tho ^ratb oC tho »ward, like tbo iliield of 
AcUUiM, a CftTvodt in oxtpidufy ^ne miaiftUif** wi O ^B 
Wens fram tbe ciiainHin IH^ of tbe period ; a dancv al™ 
Abnack'*, a boiiai; taalcb at tha Kiv««<fliirt, a lord 
nayor'i pfooaAM, and a man lian{*jA);. A II tbtar 
fully aiid elc^i'a'ittjr d«acribfd. Tti« l>uk« tbua armod 
ba*tc(u to BrusH^fc 



BOOK IX. 



an»fl 
modi 

al 



Tiia Dako U recd*<d at Bf ua**h bj ibn Kmg of 
Um Netktfianii witb f^reai naf]>ii£ftofnc& He is lib- 
&mod <d Uio ipptrtiach aT tbc arniba of ail the ^on* 
fi^raie kinga. Tho pnat, hoir«r«r, witli a laudabb 
tttal (or dio glo«v flf hi* ouiuitry, camfiletdj pa»«« 
trer Oh- vxpliiiUof dia Ai|i:HaiM in lljdf. and tlir di^ i 
ruijoai of lb« GOi^rMK Kn^>d and Franca, WgT*M 
lagiau and Xai^loaii, aliiKk}! «cluidv«ljr oooapy Ma 



tfifa 



A nonwna Accoost or as etc rocsi. 1^9 

tttMUfcffu Sorori] 4*ja *n ipcai «t Bru»tik m rcYd- 
ry. Tl« Ertf^lWh hcni™ a.<il4muli their alliw by^^ 
fcUHUng ^imifiil gAni^s i>itTtiUr to t'TniH* whK-)i di-aw 
ike Ilairur I'f xhe Bntuli AjiUvorscy to f^'mtiuikrt unii 
Minilwj Ilur^t. juiJ nhicli nil) bu cumJdt-rvO by our 
fliwovif^ln Willi as much vvuvra^kin m tli« U]vi>i|>iap 
•imI lilJiiiiuin voiitv»*^ by tIoi^IislI blmicriU of Oiu ptxi*» 
oil Umc, In ibfi cooUmI of ikc c«tw, Slttw, the lifo 
g/mtimmB, vanqni^c^ tlw I^Htico uf Dr»ii;:e» and 
vbiiiCii* It toll 4* A [jrb«. In (};« hanN»-n(>c, tho !>(iJcii 
of WFlUnfrUm fttMl Ixirij Uxbrid^ Hdc ftgniiuit null 
MJMri lli« Diikia m vicbj^iuiLN aiirl t4 r>-4nr<Ii>il witb 
twelve «ip<t»^l*. Od cti« kit djy uf dxn IvativitKV, 
■ ^aadMiduic* UkiA |iUctf, at vb>di sU Uiu bcrow 



&00S X. 

Maiu, Kcin^ tbi? EoglUh army Ehiuinodivc, luwivcu 
to fnmty Nsp/!ix*Tt, »b«, conducted by Nigbt tttd 8U 
l«tic«» umMpvctcdly Mtncki ibe PriEHnNm. TbD>ldn|*1i> 
isr !■ bncuuiuo. ffapolix>ii kilb itaiiT wHwc hutorka 
■nj &milit» ttjv IifljJfiily |)arti(^uiariti^. Ho ilay* 
Henouu tbc crsiuologitf. wbo dircU by ibo Uiidt<i»- 
■Ittdovr-id EJbo, and no«(un^ with Iija eye tlio «ki]I«j 
</ all «bo waUoiI tlirougb t}jp Alrerl^ of Btf !in. A]»^ ! 
Ki» nmu »iu!l b miw cMl by tbc Li^rsjcon 4«<m<L 
Vi*i»r |Mi|ifU uf Uj« UrkJ\'«r»iiy uf iviia anIvuDcc logcllii.-t 
Ip oncoiuitcr t)i49 Kiaperor ; mX ibur blowt be dmtroyi 
tU^ rIL ULociwr rmbo* U> iirrot tbu dewtetioti: 
}impo\^om lUiio* btai to tke frrumid, wid l» cm ibo yixat 
lif killing lion, but GDeocDao, Zioditn* Bu]<iw, «iid all 
ihm otW Iwroa of ibc l^rtiBun army, fcatb«r rjuiuj 
bin, aiul btv the veiMnble cbiof to a (itstanoo Iron 
bvfltbL Tbo mUujcbUr u mniiDDed till ni^t* Ift 



^ 



no A puoniKfic AouDt'irr or ix xnc nu. 



InMlllgwoo to tJio Duke. wSo b datidn^ ai BrwNbL 
"riip irhoJc Bnnjr b pni in mtitioii* T^jo Duke of llntor^ 
wiek'H iiodTftfi jp«iks £0 ndmnniih htm ol hw Luif^eT, ImI 
io Tain, 



BOOK XL 

Floroir, tfae Duko of BruiiA«i<lEt ^iii^ thtr Priim of 

DuIeq of Breiuwlck, uid ^rijw hhn. nnndins hit b«H 
Nj^Mlecm. Tht Kn^liah &JI bftck on Wftt«drk>Ob Jupt* 
Irr rulli « mmrll of tkr jeocU, and comntndi Uwt nona 
jtlijJl i»lc!rfi>r« on oiih«v 4iiii^. Man and Nfllirt" iimha 
Tory eloquent »j;*«oliittL. Ttie b»ltT« of Wttlerloi> cr«m- 
muncca. Kapolcoii kilU PicUin and Ddmncy. Nfy 
•nj^i(»M P«<ui>nby Mid kilU hoii- TUr Prioc* d 
Otwtagv b wgoodixl kj Suult, Lunl tr;tWid„"tf flit** tu 
ekock tlic caniagc. He in aevanly woandod by Na- 
poleon. And arUy mrt^ by the aulaianco of l^rd llill. 
In Uw nwnn tjim ihe liuke cnakn a tmnendoui «Ar- 
na^ uvnnfi ihn Frcim^k. Ho ^ftcvumtifra Gvorrib 
DuJioame and tV]i|iMUi« liJiii, tntt t|iarei \m lilb. fl 
kilU TouWt. tttio kept di0 gaaun^*lKau« in tb« I'akiW 
RdVilI. and Maruwt, wbo lorad to ffwnd irhcAo in|^i(« 
in drmkiu^* ***** '"Ftgrtn Clcwali wlio liad boen boo(4<4 
from tbe Ma^ and Lad tbcs benno « CBptaiit ia Uie 
rinp«rial Ouvd, wiclied ihu b« hod aUU eomlnQod lo 
OII.-C tke loofo Ittmleta cnniiiy of tko Pmtkka pi 
B»t L«T«j, t)io atm of £r«ulapnu, wlraro luft fiilh 
<i»d imuurt«l b dl cW wicu of kis trt, mtA nl 
«raa nuK^?«ix|{«!ii«rtt] of the Pr«nch OTuay, vmlfmevd t1 
knaoi U tl)« dtf Irojper, and coajored hini lUt Io 
dviitfa to ono wkoM office il was to |JTt life. 
Duki> rwvd Urn. wad bq^lu Idm lir*. 






i^ 



A NtnpillTrc ACCOUVT OF A5 EflC fOHM- 17| 

Bni wo nuft bvilm tu tii« clc«e, Napoleua niahcs to 
toooonttr WtftitngUnL Uotti jumia *uuid in i&tjr^ 
umnb Hm lurcMi tin- thuir piiiUilf ; tliAt cf Na|Hjlvoi] 
nuaua, bvt liitt of WdU^igtoju fbrmed by the liand <f 
Vidcitt. mtd primed bv tha Oyclopit. woundt ilw- £iii' 
pcnir IB tfao ihi^. lU flic*. Ami uIeq* ncAigv anoi 

riTa] of th< PraMou, Cnnn il motiv« of p«triotifln, Ui« 
poci conpletd/ )imw over. 



BOOK XIL 

Tftt?f09 nn now buienbf: tu tlie oftUstrophv. Ni 
polvon fltM CO Lnndoui and. Kiting hinuclf on 
HHftJt of till! It«|^tf eiiibr«<!«s tlie hiiu*ol)uld godi 
snd aonjnns hint, br th« vmrrablv ^[O of O^r^t Til., 
mrtd br dw npminx p^ll-cliAni of tho Pribm* Clh^r^ 
lot!«i 10 ifHiiif luD*, lli« Princv » JQcltmd to do so ; 
wlien, luokiog on bb bitvtft, liv mm tJwn tlw belt c#^ 
lb* Dakii of Bnimwick. lU htfluitljr dnn 
flTord. ind ut ibont to t^ub l}]0 dwtTo^fr of lu» kin*- 
mift. Piecjr uid bonj^lAlitv, howcw, KAtmin bit. 
li4wL He ti3c48 A vntddk c'HirK% and condcnu Ni 
pofeoA lo b>< expoft«d mi ft (if«tfrt Ii^nd. Tho King 
Pnstto nvontcrft Ptnt ; and ihr poein «inrJudM. 



OH MITFORiyS ntSTDBT OF ORE£CK. 

TifiK B A book tfhwtr ciijciTP « ^Tcat jumI ii>rimiirtg 

ihare of tlir public ftll^ntlorT, \t \^n^ fti^^Ti Ii4tk nocIcMl 
by llm criiioL Mr. A[itfaiii W oJeikmi nji^MNlei] in 
uj^itriliiigt lui^rcvivfU bj tlio«« ^bij«v uffijc^ jl i» lo 
^suii iuch ai|iinutU« tu « lii^ pkotr Aic-iuie liLitunun. 
ilv bu lakcn a hmi en tho lUu wiuiwt bving cfaik 
Luij^ by • dUigU iCfHHclMl. To nj))Mjto tlii! |irDgr»«« 
uf lib dumt U notf draobt a bupclcM c«t<:r|inft«. ll«l 
he biiai ravjeirol wiUi caaduJ wn-eniy. wbcn Icr hjtJ 
pubUbed coLy bit Hrst voltioae, hl»v«r1t woqU <^itlH-r 
hftTW iJUwwfvoJ iU ropuULtMiitf or wmUl ncvvr Juivo 4b> 
tiii[i4nl it. ** Tlwu*'* u Indm ttjr* of lC«liwpa, '* tlwii 
H'jut iJi« timu to unk«." Tbe tipw wiw luglcaud i aoiI 
ib« CDtiKiiiifiiu^c it ihai hit. MitToitU Liko Kclmii»« Itu 
Udd hb victoriow Uivd on the litervj Amiwa,«i4 
•oems jiboQl t^ ivto lliv [wai^iw dbcir uf ioimortdlEf. 
I thtdi Tnntimt tA rrntiUlo Uut coimi^ of t>w IuvimI 
ni«<li(lcrTorr — 

■Vr — ■!" ■ ■ ■■ ^ ■'-* ^ 

Aa lnv>l- ihtf 4*0*4 all MConrnM. 

bk pktQ woirdjL, I thdl <ifl<T| & fuvr comidtfnikictfb 



I 



1 



031 lOTPOUDA intiixwy op (ikocil 



173 



wludi mtky Utad to roducA ftn nToqimiikfd iffitrr tji Iih 

litodoio (111 bitkergocHlorcTll. An c^xjjfrsdrd o^itlana 
vr na a»|JO]iiiW p^raun, hM Att it-ix^l^ibZi* cL&rm for' 
him* Tli» MIM p«rv<>nicocu mAjr he txwvd ni til 
dictiuVL Hi* Myle wcpuIcE yii^rcr Ljitc Ifccn d\ig8Dt j 
bit£ U mi|;lit4( 1v»l tuiV(> br»^ rruuity ui'i |Wr»|fivuoiD i 
«im1 ndllitnii but Uic* muAt clAUmU c^ cuuM puoaibly 
Imm owJo U wb«4 at It b. It ii aj«tini>ui^iied l^ 

6«|Mflii «»Ucaniy, ami, abore uli* fajr ft pcculuir f>ddiiY, 
vluek GUI Vkt> moro bo dncnlM^ ihftn it oad be u^^r- 
iuoi«4. Nor in lUs alJ. Mf^ Mrtfbni pqau lumsdf 
en «peUSng bcttpc tbju ftny of liU nvflghbourt ; «ul ihia, 
rtut onlj m ftnciviU UAnMa, nhkh ha iriJiuigltBt iii dtf&-:- 
Niftov botk of cittUina ftitd uf remon, but m the taatl 
onliBUj ironii of ibo £ii^&b langiuiga It U, ui 
iImIA« BoUer [wdbctljr ii>iliflfer«nt vb^Uvr v^'e nil n 
GbrapBcr bj tbe niuuti wlucb lo b««nt in bb oim 
loD^u^ nr bf Ll»t wlkich <x>rtvi^iMk to il in ourt ;. 
irludicr wc «y Lonnzo du ModSci, or T^iwrtore da 
Mniki, Jcttn Ch«urin, or John Cjilvin. In ioch ^ftte« 
vuUvbod i0«gft vt cwiikbrnd uh Uw by jJJ vrri(«rs 
cxcifit Hr. Jlitlurxl. if li« *erv idu^jFa cuiuulwii 
wiib himiarir, b« miebi bo excused Ibr wmpetinM* <ti»*> 
■fiMiig wiUi iM ci^igbboiin ; but bt* prociwb on iio 
prinriflo but tlmt of belii;^ imtj};o tbo rwt of tJie 
"tvU. Evciy cUU hu hcArd of I^inntriu ; fhcffToro 
Hw* Uitlbnl «iU> bini Llnn^'. ItuUMiMu b br]r>wn «I| 
over Boit^ ju Joan Jflcqiuy; thotrfbre Mr- Uitfi:ird 
tm him tbe tCnuigr «pp«lbiJion of John J«mM- 



IT^ 03I mtrouuH imnour uk «iieuy 



llad Mr. BUtlbnl unilcTtTAkm % hJ«tory of anj- oUmt 
toyvOry tliui GrMCC* tliie propmnij wooM 1ifl«<« ren- 
dered lib work ludeaa anil alisaTid^ Hia onruaoiiAl 
nnmrlci tm tin ftbtn of jtnfinit Rnmn und of mttA- 
nm EiuO|)» are fiill of CT-r«ni: Iiitt his wril^ of lim*** 
witli reaped to wliicli almost trrrj uiIks writor 
litu bocn in the wmng ; and, ihendbre, by paaoluloJjf 
d^viauiig ftvra IiIm pn«f«e««ur>; )>« [> dUn iu the 

Alnrait all iho modem Mftodaiu of GrMO« h*T« 
Blic>irn tho groMMi i^nciruice of th« noM olnriou 
]j|icnosneiia of hmnnn iMlure, In tlMJr f qfiriiMita ' 
l>on« lliiT gfOiTDiii and iitatrvH^n of antiquity arc alM^ 
lutdy dirntfd of mII iniliTidaality. T\wy ar« penoni* 
Acalioni ; tbey orv pMooi*, UlfQU* opiiuooa, rbtoM; 
vicoB, but not in«ii, InconAUtvturj b a thJii)E of whiek 
iJiOM writvn lave no notJun. Thai a man rut liat^ 
bwn liberal in \ut youOi and avaHdouH jo bii a^ 
cnid to OM aminy and itiorHlu] to anocbor, it to tban 
utterly inoonctiiTmbI«. If lim bcu be nndmiable, ikay 
Hippotc tmtw Atnuig^ and dc«p d.ft<ijtnt Im order Co 
rxplain whai, jut nvi^ry nj%t who haa obnprrod Km owti 
mlttA kiiuw», iinxh no nplmiiaiion at alL T\m k a 
modo of writuij very aocvfilablo to the nultitiide wfm 
have nlwiiyt bocni acvuMt«nu<f) ComilcagiKkaDddMiMtH 
out of taun very little briier or vr'>rM than tlMniaelrai ; 
but It ajjpcan f!ionteia|i<ibTc to all who hat9waiclwd 
rlw changn of btuvaii diarBctCf--»hi aU who lavnr 
jbAtfTvod Uic UtlliKD(*« of time* of dnramaUncoi. aod 
fif aiBOfiaK^ on maitktiul — to aU who bavo aeea i 
ticvo IB tlwgpui^adifnMicret in ibn rlinch, a pedaat in 
Uit^ «r a pbflonfiba- in liqvor. TUa praecie* of 
t^mtitLg in nodiing Uit blwk and wliile i* nnpardun* 
^Itt ovvn is tha dnuaa. tt U Uio great limit of Alftiri 



;( 



h^ i 




'>x iirTfT>ni*s flMTiwT or CBKBCK 



ITS 



tfnl how modi it mjura dw ffibcc of hu compoilKknf 
viU bo obvtooi to ertty one wbo will ramparo lib 
Rueanandji vrilh ibe f^mlr MaelK^lh of ^hiJcif>««rv< 
The on# ii ft wirk«l mimju) ; \\\f. cillior U a fifmi). 
R«r oaly fr«tliig i^ Ktlit-d; all lic<r' word.* ^n? nirtn. 
W« KQ At ooc« tJiDckod and bligQcd by the vpectncla 
oT focii nviitp mtdtf, txcic«4 by no provootiino. 
npoalc^ily ^Inngir^ iu objoct, and ronvtiiDt tn rHitliinf- 
Uu in itB UKfttingiikhAbk- tlurst for bJood. 

tn iiifllov^ ibi« error u Alt iDora ^igncd'uL In- 
deed. iWo b no finilt wlilcb »o cora^letvl)' ruiM n 
nAmtive id ihe ofdiufm of a judidoiti rtodrr. Wc 
know llMt tlt^ ltn« ot' Llrm»f:ftlHjii botWMm f^ood aid 
bttd nwa it io ftinltj marirerl m of^n to «iude 1)io moil 
can&l mvatiiBatiati of tko«c urlia luivr Um.- bod opfiop- 
huutki for judging. Public inon» above nil. aro mr- 
raixiiU with to ttmny c<rnTptAiioii» aod diffi^uliiM tliat 
•Dcne ilmibt miut nlmcra «Iwqj£ hnrvc; over tlurlr real 
divftoihiaas Mid inwntioiM. The Irri^ of Py;n, Cram- 
wcU, Uonk, Ckrcodoa, MurJbor«afch, Buna't, Wa^ 
pda, jo^ well Itnoirn Eo x». Wo ar« w^qnaintAl with 
Umit orO(M*i iMr ipr^vbpA, thnr wnrin;>i; wr hftve 
abwttrfaarc of J«tten and wv^l-oittbtnticatod aii^cdotoa 
rthiiiig lo Uwio: yci wbat ondid nutn will vunluro 
vttnr povid^'vlj' to nv sbW^ of th«ai wwo honwl awI 
vlikh ot Uwca WOT dliboiii;st imh. It Rppij«r« etaiur 
to fmcioQiKe docidcdiir upon thu grmt cboroden vt* 
wnidqiity, niot becatue wo havo gvcftW mMm ef dis- 
ettvsinjt troth, bot dta^y be«auso we bare Uba neana 
of datndiog orrar. Tbc mndf^rn hiftoHoiv* nf Gr^«(^n 
htfra forgou^ tlik. Thnr borrm itod vilbint ■!« m 
comOant m «!l tltfifr mjm^ apd dangi aa tbe rvdn 
iial ■irt«*« and tlio dvsdlj not in an alluKory. Wa 
ihioiilil a« »ook <upvct a good adkni IH>Tn gbnit Skjr^ 







good in Bniiyaik as from Dionj^Ju* : and * cnnm of 
BpaminoiKLu vould dean u incoQi^Tuoitf ■» ^fina-pa 
of iha gE^vo and luinfftjr damM-l, aUIoI DiiorvtEflakt 
wtm aB«n«r«d th« Ull 01 thr doar c/ tliD hattm 

Tbu orrar wo* pvtij' ^ cunv w^d partly tbo «fi«cl 
qf Ujo higb MinaiwQ in wydi Uiv Ui«r onrioid mnU 
ufe i»ve bvtin IkU b^ nigdoni scliului^ Tbn« Fntnck 
and Kikglitit autlion who tuive created of die nftun cf 
QnM«e bui'o }^;.'RiIlr ninud with c«iiti-rnpc ihjRi ibtf 
aim|4e and nauiml normckoa of Thurydiikfl and X«h 
ufihiin ici ihn OJCtravoiciLiti ri|>nw<nlftlinna of rhilaitth, 
Piodotm, Cuj^uA, and otlwrt rfinaaiMWH of the «■»• 
cJ&u, — men wIjo dcvcribvd militarjr t^ienitiona widiovl 
GTvur luktiog luuidlod a Wurd, uid oppliod foU^toodl* 
LifiBi of iitUif rvpvUioi sjiocyktionft fonntd by obwr 
voitou vn an uni]«u9 w)iu4i ooi-vred li^lf tin* known 
"vrodd. Of libcTiy ihoy kncv netking. It wns la 
dwca ft groai mywttfy, — a Mpcriiiinaaii t>njo%-auvM. 
Tlie? ranted aboui librtty and pacrincUnK from IIm 
Mmo caiva wKicK ]rnd& mtutki b> islk mnre ordoodv 
Uiui olW oneo tdtoul lovv and woesgh. A iHm man 
voJuts pojitkfti liberty, becotuo il vocurw ibv p to owt ^ 
and iIm pBM < aMom of diuofta; beauoe it Imda to f 
pnvuni tlii« «xtnini^BC« of mien, and t)n oomii-tia* 
of judgeai bcoaaw it giv^a birUi to wftd aaencc* and ^ 
dc^nl oflj ; bcoauto il oxrilcn th« indttftiw anil fiH fl 
cnm iJia c«aidbiiA of oil tkttm «f oftl^iety. Thcaa 
dworiiCa Unagiacd ihoi U pawoiaed Mo^rthlng *<cmalty i 
and intriiuocjilly good.dntincl ft^wi i)w bifninfi wlncb fl 
it ge&K«lfy ftmdiic^.^ TIidj- co[i»>diFr«d it not a* a 
mnam but a* on vnd i on «ad to be aUaintxl at «ny 
rott Tbovr &voarit« boren ora tboM wbo tttTe •ac*' 
rifiaad, far tba id«« amm ol fivedoK. tibe pjv$perUy 



« 




Qh JUItUKiro Ub^rvUT tiV UlttUCK 



177 



- tli0 Mcuriiy-<— tbo juticc — from whicti fn^doiA 

Tbciv k ftAutW rvnihukAble dmrJctcriMie of iIicm 
«rit«ni ui wUidi their Biod«n wonJiJjificn bavg c«re- 
Cbil^ iuiutvcl tiHUl* — a groil fiMtiliiMii fur i^ucxj jiloiiuKi 
Tlia iiKvit leMMbJkbcd fiuu» dftU»i tod cbuictan am 
ovrer MiSutvi1 19 «oaw in'Ui comptrdiion wid^ & spluidM 

baTe l«A lis namnl and oiinplc docripliaiiA ^r ike 
grcftl ov«jki4 which ikmy wUntmcd, ftnd tbo great dimi 
wilh wboin llitijr uuocuiaiL Whsi ire r««d ihf 
fttXDUiil vbidi i'htljuv^ uid i^tiu harv gt^mt of i}t$ 
•4IIM iWTKitl, H« ic)in:«lj ioiuw our uM hcj^uuilUui^ 
ipuui <rv u« utturlj iraiiiijuiidud hj tko inaliMln^ 
tBttIk cffwci uf Uw lumukui, wid tb« niblimo co\- 
CDcubry of die cbanoUn. 

TLee« tktv ihc ]irindj]«J enmn into which ilio prfdv- 
OMMtA of ^Ir. Miifofd h»rit ^Uo ; An<l ^rtxn tnovt of 
di<pc lie b Ira. IIk4 biults lu^ □! « ciompletdy diP- 
lanMl dcKriptJoa. It u 10 U? Imped that tbo rtudcnt* 
uf kUtiiry ra«y nvw bt mvwL, like IXiaa ta }^ry^t\ 
plftjTt hf •«rillorvii>g two oonflktiog poiagnft each oT 
wbkh tBAT «an^ u ui vitldow to tha oibof. 

TV fint ud uwBt uD|y ftftrrE diiHuvuco b«tWMn Mr. 
Vitfbrd ftod iliow who haTe firnfcodLil hint b bi hu 
urrvtKA JI<-n> 1hi« 4dr»itt*Lgn lii«, fnr tlto niMt pan, 
«B iuB liiia. Uu puiticipld i$- to luUow th« twtuim\>a- 
tvf hMtoriADi, to look vfitk doubt on «dl >tat«n«it« 
vhsrb w 0ui iti «ijDio duf^ne (.i>Dllr«iHl h^ ihcn^ mttA 
■ y lu ri.JL<ct ail yrlath w cuatradiotvd br Uwin, 

^ : : ntiLBf Um guirknco of ftoipu writur in vbum 
I I.I ' >:<p*itidenoQi lii5fiEoeB0t]<»xocll«nt]v- When 
. lEji Id ih4f Icvd, AT iifli4iipa boioT iIm 
« H> ^ . 4t3> vihncn Kit Ml much dopUcfti he k 



J^- 



ftA nbfiird u ihof, wmI v«rT miic^ ilidl«r. It u nallj 
unii>iri)* (ii oImotvu how )u^ |irm^iK-di witb hit namtioa 
Mfl«Mi lio liaa i>o boUer aiuhuntjr thaii pc»rr Diodi^rio. 
Ui9 i» campdkd to r^Ulv «i>ni«(kin^s jH h« b«lt»t^ 
lUtkb^. He ftrci»opviUs •vcv^ bet with a kni|[ «Ut» 
meni of otijccliuKU. Hfo *ccoiuit e^ ibt Bdmnwinitigii ^ 
(if l>ionjnJito )i m no tetoc n liiiloay* U iM^I ttt fl 
tv ontil'ci] '— > " Hk^Uinc lionlibi m t<) iH?rtain uvonia, ^ 
■U('|:«d lo ixave uk«xi pUoe vi Sicily." 

Ttiii BCcpticuiOf liowcTef, Ijko liiat of m»o jei***! 
L^nl duT^cCwrt «iD;oil m *ciq>EicAl a* biimDlf^ vvnulwa 
wIkimtw hi* pditical pwliftlilm inttfHijr^ lU » ■ 
vehnntnl odm^vr of tjnaiiy uid olijcatvbv. Nnd cmi»- 
Ntl^i BO tvidooco u ibobU vkicU cmn be brougbt 
forvt ard id &vt)«r of thow ibrma of jtcrcnini^ttiL Dif- 
mooiKTy lio \*.te% wifb A ixTrfbct hatroiU % ImIpM wKielii 
In like UrM roluvio uf bit ln'^btry, »pj>(«jii only in htn 
qji«Dii«!nftftdr«iooliM^ bul nbii.b, in Umovi ^afti'wh«rt 
)i« hw to« rercirnci: iar bU i;iudc««siid ran Vpnliin? la 
taku hJ»own vray,cvtti|Uul«ljrdMt<rU VTQDbiftiuu'nUion. ^ 

hi lakitig Qp tl<CM« opinioDi, 1 h&vo ehi doubt tbat f 
Mr, Uiifucj KM ioHnoiiOMl by tbo mhio low of singv 
IciHty which kd hfan lo •poll Ural wlilioat ui n, wid 
to placfi t«« dott trrtr tho Wt leit«r <if idM. U Eratb. 
^rccvdiM bifbirutfu barn ^rod «o nowtroiulj on ili* 
mhvr mm ifau oti*o iIi* vont poH> of Mr, MiUonl** 
txuW «uy b« QMAd ofl » comctim. FW • young fgat^ 
OuuuD wtw tnUu moch about hk country, lymmicids 
0^ £p«nuBOndai. Un* work, Jiluud la o cuflkkof 
quantiir of ttoltui nod BartbJoau, imy bo o viiry u«^ 
^ mucriy. 

Tbe <.fTun of both portios aHm from an ignonnn 
V a ii^-fcU.-t la* tho jWudancnU] prindpSoft <ii polktal 
fCMuc^ 'r\w wrilcTK on un« «dc ima^no popular fov 



I 



Off lurHMD^ iUffjDin op fiiiEiurK 



176 



aa opportimitj of unuin^ uh th^l St i^ olnAvx n oirvew 

M ih«l wliirh llu tii> botl)' fi>r nliirli it n *io«^«U A 
rotn tthr], upcrik abatrftfl |M-ijtcipiei, pronouncva ■ cotb> 
HJlntioai Ui bo ||whJ« iniJiout mb oxnct knowbdgQ of Ihv 
p«o|>iv wlio V* lo 1m govonMiJ bj Jt, jwigv* 4a abwird* 
I; i» ft tailor wbo ^ooH mxtam* iho Bdrid«e Apolk 
be tbc cktbcB uf all hii coikiiBcrk The dcmagagDm 
mho wubeii bo «ee Porui^ % ropublic «ml iho win 
criliM wlw nvilfl llie VirgiiuAM fbr not lavirif; invii< 
Mud A tu&nyc^, ap|x^«jr equally ridictilonA to all men 
of «<iiM and CHxiJgur. 

Xlat n» tiw U«i HDvvnuiMtit niiidi denirvi to auika 
the pVopU bipii^i aoU know* faow to inako tlimn liap- 
p}*. N«iibv tb9 iiicTioaUun nor tlM knowMgv vitU 
nfin alimc ; uid it u dificdi to fiod tltcm tag»tW. 

Pare Jcnwcrarj', and pora dcvkoenoy alono, tadyfioi 
Ifcft lbrm«r cvfidilion o^ ikitgivai problm. Ttiit i})0 
govff»nn maj bo »oUtiloai ouljr tor tlif tnttroib of llio 
piTamodr ii ii Drovusury titil lh« inloTv^U of die jfov* 
ttnMO aod iSe i;oivnMd itbuukl be iW same- Tina 
emamx ba oflon llic caio wbciv po>TC/ ii liitnudrd lo 
oTiia cr to a i«w. *nt« pnvilogvcl i^an of tlio cxtntnraEti* 
ty will do«bd«n dcdtv a certain dt<grw cf? uci^Hnla;:? 
Irooa ilia gUMnJ firuftpcriljr uf iba slate ; bul ibcj vUl 
4ann a f^*at4d- ftotti dpfkncMtoii and cxurtJim, Tint 
ki^ viU d«i»ft w DAvIoa war foe bi« ^ry, ct a /^tr^. 
wtMfl^tf for hii ploaiorr, Tbc nobka will ^iinri<) 
oMaiaJikoJwa mmI ifiti^ftA-t&^^-tf'^Ki. In profortioa a* tkv 
aiiaib«* of Kuvmion i» iiicmL^od tbu trinl k diminifhfid. 
Tkure arc frwoc to coiiu-jbutot aiid nior' In rrrvir*, 
Tbir ^tviiiund whic^ aach cau obtain rf tin? pobiic 
llattkr bodonai l«n aiid l«w luiuptiiig- Dul dw in- 



dl 




03C Mitnmtrs uuitwT ur chlhcr. 

iQKwu nt' ibf Ri^fcu Wid tb* Tvkn iwrer abwtiild^ 
coinddD lili ibe suft^ccta ih«aiulv«s bf-ccma tbo nlons 
thjit is, t£ll tli« inyrfnuneni be either EuEBodlstaJjr <« 
BiccluUJj dcinnrnuici1> 

Bui tliii i» not ^wrtt^h. ''Will wiUmiI pi^rwrr," 
Mid tLo «)(«icim>i Cttnaur lo Milor Bwlin)^ii| " ■ 
UIm cltLklrcii piriving at noldien." Tho p«ipl« will 
iiwujd be dMiruud to pronute tJieaf own iot <c <B U ; 
iiui it may he donfabod, whether. In uiy ooaunanit^r. 
Ilio; wore Bvor niflcmdf adoivtcd to andttmand 
ibfiin* £wi in this iiknd, wWo itie moliHwic- Iisv« 
loi^ bacn bcu^r inlorimid tluin in oirr oihcr put of 
Bornpe, iKe nfi;htji of lKf< lunv havo p*BmIlj 1w>m 
MMrtod vfpavM tlmnselw bv ilw F«tri«Mii of Um 
fi;iff. Fnc tndc, mm of tliv p«i«l fctoaein^p vlikH 
ft goviimi»wil t%n confvr on a poop^e, it ib alnujM 
ewry couctn- uApotmlnr. ft inny bo ivvD doubted* 
wbother a llbMnl {KiUry v-iiK |v.p»rd ta mr comnKreul 
TdJUiona would find uaf wppoit from « fitriiunent 
idorlad by tmirervd «iiflbtj>«. The TVpuUioun* on iIm 
oiJi«f hid» iif cKo Aik/kiir hAT/1 rwvniJv adoptMl repv 
kti<BU <ir wliicli tli« con«efiiK'n<*M will, brlbn lo«g. 
«bow at, 

Hw fwcfiltf aw to b« ^vwnvd for ^kmv own food i 
uid» tlat tliuy cur be i^wmod for cbttr owm goodt 
ihry MoM nol be pivvrnul hj tlioir own \guu%oo^ 
Thm tro vountnot iri vbirli ii would be ■» abonl to 
caubti'k fio|iQbtf j^Vf^maont ■§ to obolkh aU lilt rv^ 
fttninU in ■ jchool, or to uolw ftU ibe MAit-waliicoaii 
'a ft modbnaM- 

Henie it nmy b«L cvndbdod tkftt tlM h^ff^mt etaif 
uf Moot; H thai in wliieb iopntnc powor kshIoi ie 




I 



09I iciTh>Huti »ifttv>Rr or ORxnx 



161 



tW wliolo bodj of A vclWofonaed jn^pAc. Thi* U ftn 
^ruB^iturj, fwHia|i9 Ml nnittbii&ablis t>Ui9 <^ thbgi^ 
Vri^ in tnaus niMBun!* we mjtj ftpproxinmile u> it : ojuJ 
^ rnJoDs iloKTrca tiiaaAma of a gniftLsUto<iitfii,*vlunr 
pcindplv ii it Id extend Uhe |>ow«r uf dii« j>w>pl« in jiro- 
purtum lu ibc cxccQt of dvrar knowledge, And to gmi 
iImiii cverjr fAcUitv for obtuniiig enck ii il^nM of 
kM»«lcdA« M mfty rvn^«r It wfr to trust tWtn ^di 
•bpohitc powvt. In llic tncon tune, U is liu^ECcvuoi to 
j>rai«« or <i>nil«nn contlilHtini^* in ike a1>MrMcl ; Ann, 
froia tlic (lo^tiftn of Sl FL-tenburg to ibo dvmoc/scj 
jT Wu>lii»gt(in, ilKFtt it sctirwly a form of govvrzttaonf 
whic^ no^t i>oU ^i Ivwt io aouic byputlieticil eu«a b« 

J^ bowvar* ihtTh b© any fcrnt of j^venimmt wUoh 
IB tU BgCB uid all mtiiOTit Hmk Ntwurii bccrr, nnd moat 
«lwty» b«, pormclouK it l« i^jrtairjf; tlmt wbicli Ur 
Mitfiml, on \m anisJ |iriiwiplv ;7r b^ij; wovr tbdJa «U 
liM iwt of ibo world, faai uk«n DmUr hU vpecinl pi^ 
naapt — pun ttUpucbf. Tbia it doMlyttnd md««d 
iiMepmbtj', cDiuiectod whb Another of b^ coOGiUiic 
UMQA, w nufk^ fksrtiilitT for Leccdji^mon, snd a dij»- 
Jlkft of Albf^u. Mr. Mji£or1'« book bu. I s«fp««tt 
nadond tbut *ontJ«onlA in nomn di*^^rno pojJidtf ; nod 
' tbaSi, tJinnlunr, eiuiuiiiw tbvni ul tuuio ]«a^. 

Tba tbada in tbt; Atbuo>ui clumutur Birikv tlie eyw 
more npidl^ tbui Htv^ in the I^acadscnKmian : not b«- 
esoM dHy am dsr^r, bat bemuM tbej^ %ni on a bri^t- 
rr j*raaad. Tbo law of otfnidiEa m ah inctKiu^ of tJj». 
NotliioiC can bf^ coikotlT«d more otSous than iJm pno- 
lir« of punadunK n citucQ, niEaply and profeMedlVt fisv 
■u maioMDCo; — tatd noting in ibo inititutiotui of 
\lJNns t> BOm Dvjoiuitiy or mom juiUy c«iuiir*d. 
w»i &«o from lHi». And wbyT Lmi» 



i 



1g2 OK ItrmWD'S fl19TORT OF aiȣCK 

ftifinon did not nerd jt. Oli^^afrhv it an <i*lTvri*fii 
1c»lA — >'> wtr*<vai not occMonal, bnl fvnnaiwitf, 
*-not ddbloaa, W eertallK. IKr- Tdvs ^ivrvntorl tb« 
dttTflnpncnt nTnwritviiMteaid ofattprkin^ib mRtvriry. 
Thojr dii iv»i ml drtwn the pl»M in If* liii**t nnA [m^my 
aiTaic, hut <nr*ed ihe uil wilh rttmil nl^TiliVv. In 
■pii« n^ tF>u U« flT oonicvim, AOwiu |iroilDnxl> wtiMn 
« liimdied and tlf^j j«av9, tJie grvoiUfli |>iitJ!c Mion tliat 
war rawML Wbom had SpcutA to ctttrvrbeT Sh« 
prodtioedt M muM, r»fur emInpiM men. Bmidwu Gylifk* 
pntf tAmnikr, nnd A^emlniw. Of ihoc. n« ono re*e 
%a Aitimttiati within hor JrmMiotion. ll ^t» onTj 
wh«n th«v «imp«d frmn thr n^on wrthrn whirh tbfl 
influorc of ariitocmcT witiirmd cvi-fTtHnj fC^ *n<i 

nvhl#. It inwofijjr when ihty t««W tt b* l,«r«ii»nwH 
nmrvB. tluu ilic;' bvcrac gn«i men- tinuadu, mnong 
th* cilMi nf 'HiraM, wu Fdrinlv > dcntnrrBtiml l^ndor, 
thd itTCmHtr loifiiMci* and ft^nera] of tb« pMpfe. Hiq 
nme may be nid of OyltpTnui* nt fiynfox, Lrsandpr, 
fa ^ H<>11««fNm^ nr^ Af^f^rlans fai A^ wnr tHirr^ 
atod fnr a time from the h>trfi^l restrilnU imprn«d hr 
^ raiMilDtliNi of Ljmri^. Tttith ncquiiYd ikmn 
ibmwl ; tnd both rvtunved to he ^rntchtd An;l drf rww*i 
«t homt Tkdi » not pocnBir to Spana. OTiptrcliT, 
whererer fit haa nriuod, haa alwap iinniM xhv gromb 
if {['"^■x- Thm ii wa« fti Rmh^ till ahont ■ cmiur^ 
b*for« tbfl OhritHnn nrn ^ vn rrad i^ >h«bdjtw^ of ran* 
«bU ind dictalcrs who won battlet, and mjoy-d tri- 
nmpltf ; biit wn IaaIc in run for a )any:l«< raui of th« 
ftrat OTiW;'<if bit«lk^ — derm Pvriek^, a I>mirvrli(n*n 
w « Hific'itaJ. The (trarchi fbrm^Ml a strung d««n*> 
•ratieal par^; Mamu ravivod it ; the friiinduiMii */ 
flw old mrktmac^ w«r« »lial«D i and two geDrnik-m 
VotJIe im mlly f,'V'at mm apfif^arKl, 



* 

< 
* 



« 



ox KTTrORirS HUTOtT Or UKECCK 



1)*8 



Vcoi«« n ■ Btlll tMvxt rvmrnritMc inslvico: in li«r 
bntory we md aotJtitig but tlio tutv ; &r»iocr*cy lind 
IvMj^ ^very •Mtl of gi^uiua and vtrme. Her d<> 
flMoc v/u Ukc b«nd^ loftj and ciignilieant, btil 
Ibsrul.:*! on filth Vid w«cd«. Got) fvvrbM tTiat there 
tlicnki ^T«r again «xttt ft po«nrr^1 jmd drihtfd bIaLc, 
vhkh, *fltr «?cblm)C th.Tuu;E)i thii-taeo hundicd ormU 
b) ycftn, aIaII ik>I b*4|Utfttli to iivknkmd t]ie mMnorr 

MuiT wniimi nnd Mr Mitfbrd «ini>ng th(i nmlwr, 
hftvv arimirtd tho eubillty of xhv Spurtaii tjutitifljons : 
is fiuTl, Uicro U tiult; to Attimrc, And Icsi to ftpprore. 
OhffxiAy n the w^iil^n»t and most alftUo of i^vcm- 
iBflntA ; ami it is »tab1p bL-ritiM it it wcftk. It hu > 
•ort of vftleCcsdinArum lon^irr; it lira in tlbctnlaiica 
«f Suactoriua ; it taku* no «jn*rt(A« ; it expnAfli iImJT 
to no Acodent ; it b KU9?d wiib eui hrpccliundriv: 
dana it txtry new soiuatioii ; it trcmbloe at cvcr^ 
bftttlli f it Icta Uood for every inHnniouiliuii : mud 
Ums witlboiit «TCT cnjcifhig « dbt^ or >kOBjth or plow- 
im% dnifp OQ its exitt«iic« to a doling; and dubiliiatr^ 
dd 9^ 

The SfftrteOB |>qii:bB«l Tor tJivtr govenmeni a pro* 
loQgBCion of lU exittcncD by tbc ncnfiec of )np|ilno» 
(t booie uid di^tj abr\>ad* Tboy crin^ to (ho 
\nircff4li! i tbt-y Inuiiplcd on l^ w«ak; thejr mawa- 
tr»l tb^nr Hr^otn; ibfy bccmyd tbtir ttDia; tUey 
oaatriTi^ tA bf A d^y loo bt« K>r t1i« batiJe of M«m 
then I Ibiry At'u^ropu^ to avoid iho btHle of SaIaihis ^ 
ihcT ftuffiorfd tb« AtbMitsan*, to vhi:>iiii Fbi:j otrcd tbfur 
S*M and inwrtlc*, to bu a second titnv drit'««i frcon 
Ikcir cvatttry by tbo I'c^uaTt;^ thit tliuy ini^ht Gt<uh 
ftdr tfvn &irtiflatfiD!u on tl.e letltmu ; they att«tnpu 
fd til lakr adtatiU^ «f the dJitraa 10 vhiob eSQrtkma 



d^Afifa 



J 




IK4 031 UITTQCD^ HC&TUKT OT OUIS^ 

in vmt tmvMi liad teduood their pra»crvara» in orte 
lAAkD them tfadr lUvc*; thny tUttvt to prrrcni tlxda 

[Tliuiidiiig iLfjil to <^cDd tbttUivelnsB^ ^Ivey cuoft- 
xtivnocd ibo i'doponamiui war in TMUtioa of Umu 
uigigvuiimU widi AUi^fv; tlvtj mbaodoaiod it « vJo- 
Ulion u:' tiiuii «mgaguiQtfiLU vitli ihf^ kUiw; (bvjr 
fpvc up Ui tlio awiNrti whole dtu» whkh hod p kood 
tiieniMlTe* luidtf ikcir pro44x;iian ; Uicjr bitftondt ftr 
idruittgci confl&ud to UloaMdv«^ ib« ivuffW, tlie 
&v!A(Loai, umI th« Uvot of tlictte who hid ttrvttd tlica 
mmi fftkli&%; ihcy took vriili aqiud odmpUcmry^ 
mnd viifiaJ inl^ity, tlie Htnpca of Eln ind tiie WibM 
of IVaio; tliey iioi«r sbuwod dtber nMc«itni«nl «r 
gnititu4os Uj9; Bbfttmiiwd froia nu icyury; wd th«y 
r«v«igtd ooiM* Above Ul. tLe/ locked «a ft athttt 
wbo lerTcd them w«U u tliutr dctuUiflit unonjr. '£!»« 
fti^ tb« Mi wbich f>rt>uuct tbc ttkUttcc of govtta- 
mentiN 

Nor vera ihn di:«iiectic ifudituliotu of l^CttLmoti 
Utt liatuful OQ" 1«M coni«vitpU1il« Oiftn bfrfoorctgn pol»- 
cif. A {jRivtual intcHrtvncv witb every p«n of d» 
v^lcon oT liuinan Ii£e, ■ ocautBut itngglo >|pvait »•- 
torv and roMOQi cb&nctonMd aU Imt Iuvy- To vioklo 
even prcjudica wbich )utq tflkoii diocp rooC in tke 
mird* of ft p-wpic i« acvedjr c<|kodiciit ; to tbiak of 
txtjqiating MAlunl sppctitM ftnd jiftMtofift U frftittlc: fl 
tbft estcrad Ajnuplotnft nuy be aocftnonftUjr ruirfnirl ; 
but tlift CorfiDg «t01 tftuta, and, dcbftTird from iu 
twbinJ obffvCft, preja on thv di«urd«n4d cuud aud budf 
»r iU Tkctinu 'Dkvu it it bi cotirtskfii ^ tbu it ii 
vnong ftKuttc vcct* — U^u* it wu amoD|; tb« Lftcih 
^p-wuaiHftas. Hftnc* ftroM ibft£ taftdottft, or v)oI«hm 
qiproftdling to nadluM, wUcb, is i^ttc «f erorj n- 



F 

1 



I 



OS inrrocD^ BtsroBT cv oiCEC& 



\% 



linpuabvd dtot-rii of 3t«ria. Cloomcne* toammiiTi'^ 
lu« ctnm of tmnn^ craolif by cutcfi^ binuclf tc 
pions. Panaauiid Mttxu l« have lictaii AlMo1utt*)y in- 
mht ; be fbnne^d a h^rjwleaa uid prvtli^rr w^biitkc i 

bfc b rti U j rfw l it bj tbr mTrntntion of hi* hi-hAviocir, MkA 
flh* itnpn](if<iic« cf Kn men^um ; ftnfl lii* BSrnAli<d, 
bjr bii tiuoApnoe. alt vrbo nuj^t h»»c nrrrHi «r pri> 
tectvd him. X«iOfiluni, « mnn affmirer oc LacccL^ 
iaoo, fWntttliM tu wttji line stroii|pi»l «viil«iicO U> Uui 
It u impomble not tr> obimvu (lie brutal uid 
fufy vhkJi dnrftctcnim afmo^ ovot^ Spftrtna 
«rlt>i wliccn be wu conjioct«d. Clcfirebtu notrly lost 
bu Uf» by Lii cni^lir. Chimophiw dfprivftd h[% army 
of ttie «crvifR> nf ■ fiulbful g^iiiTc Tiy biJi imrrawnftbTo 
and fen><kn]* MrVi'nty- Bui it i* ii««dleBa to muliiplj 
iiMtttncM. lijCTirjjEm, Ur. Mitlbrct'v Ikvoaritc Ic^UI** 
Car, fbontlod litf vltola vjix«n on 9 mUliiXiin princijjt*?* 
H* n«v«r ooutfid«tied tbat curfnimettta voro mad« Ibr 
■MB, wid iKit men for govcmrmynm. Iiuitcnd of fldapt- 
ii^ ib» «oiviiiQd««i CO the [vcoptc, he di»iom*j iho 
■uikili of tJjp p.'opSo to !Wl tb* cuiLiiitniion, n »cke«ni- 
wo rthy of ihc I^pvtin Acftdc^y nf Prajcf^ioDC And 
liH appMn to Mr, Mitfuvd to ronntilutt; hU peiruliar 
tkW bo admjnitan- Itoar biiiu«4f : ^ Wbjit to moitcni 
a^v uoiit HtriLtTiglr ^qU ibat «:dnuinliiiAr7 oian Abort 
iD ocber lo^gwn b. tbtt bi wn many circunistnnoca, 
vpptvnlly out of tlic reach of kw, he coatroUod and 
fained lo bin o«b miiid thij wilU and hablu of bi« 
fnplo.** I aSoiild doppoM that tbl& ^viiiltman liad 
ibc advania^ rf ny^<?lTin^ but education iindfT th<* 
frntJa of Dr. fanginrw ; fiir hi« m^tapbynict aro rfnav^y 
iktw of tbe ca«lle of Tbundu^t^u-tronrkb : '* Rj^ut^ 
)Btt Uco ^na !ci mvji out cl^ M*.» p^ivr portar 4ca 

r«k I. 10 



m 




HUU> 



MirtowrH msrojiT or 



mnclkK, bum! avcou nuiu do* Jmiett«tt. htm jwiilm 
icat Twblrmcni uutitbdca pour fiure cJinncdcif ot noo* 
Kvorj dc4 chaiMMi. L«« cocoon* (tui faiu pour 
miuiA^ "^"^ mft^gDOiu dn pare iottt« Tuui^" 

At AUiciki the hw* did not ctuutBotlj nit« 
with the twttp of tlj« |Mg|4ft. Th* diildfto wwr nut 
taken Crvm lJi«ir pureutt U/ tliAi uiuvvtm] atofi-OMUiitrt 
ihc fU£v. TItcy wcro iioc stArmi into tJiMvot. «r tor- 
tnnd bto bujiioe; tkiro «^i hl^ ntablvtwd t«bto oi 
wbicb t'vurv onif rauat dine, na wtftbli&htfd vt^k tii 
whioli cvtiy 000 muM convurw. An Atlivimn nu^ 
cti whAicTVT \\ii coaH afEard t-; bay.aiHl i»ik m tog «• 
lie cotiUi tiiid puop1« to lifEi-ii, Ttie j^oTfrnmeot did 
bot IclJ the people w}iit opinions the^r were !« bold, 
or vhAt Miij^ ikcy wcto (o >Jn|C. KViMduED prodorwl 
w:ciglkncT- Thai |>lalo»«)ihf l<vk iu uni^u. TtiM 
won produced thvo modal* uf povuj, uf unuory, uid 
cpf tltu lUU, wiitdk Kmrrdj QUI vlwrt <3f ib« lUiodanl 
of Idea] «xcQlknc& Noijiiag U non ooodiiiciT» t* 
IiftppiiMfli llufi llie free aurcin of tlm niml in ptt^ 
•alu cooigoiiul to it. Thia lM{ip«ii«>«, a«nircdlj, vtaa 
ei^ojvd ft! mors M Aib««i« Uuq tt SfMut*, lite 
Atheoiaai ara ftrki>owlcdttcd ovai by tbdr «neiAiH 
to luirc bovn dittiDi^iULedt in private Ijfv, bj tWr 
fourlonut And aiimUv dvui<uuaiir, Tb«r l«Vkt/, nl 
trnvt^ WBA bviu-r tiiim Sp^rUii iuU«uM«h uid thtir 
Fiii|KTtiQ0iu:ot Uuui Sptfba imdviov. Krtn in o^r^ 
i^ U m^y 1w qucstkncd wbciher they were inAirior 
to tbo LftocdnsQunjank Hio j;n»i Atbcniu hkuriui 
bt.1 rcprirtod A rvioArkftble oburr^iiofi of ibo grtM 
At1iorii«n nuilaur- t'triclM miinuinod ik&i hb 
/DunUyrnea, witbcnt Buhinilbn^ tv lb» IkLnbdiipft of « 
tSpoiUD »dttcfttiim, rirftlUd all tlu Rchiov«ni«BU oC 
SjmtftD iftlvuTt «Qd^ih*t Uwf^m ibtflfmoM* «m 



1 



1. J 



V» lUnXlBO'S QESTOftT Of fiSCSCX 



m 



VDxiwmcab wfaicb tltey ci^joj^csl vorc to be omuiilt^tW 
u to modi dear gun. Trtc in&utrr ne' Aihifnt «m 
Dnrtunl/ n«l «i]iu) totWof Lftcedfeiaouilxaihis h-l-mj* 
to li*vi* b»*m CJtgwi memJj' by »rft:ii of pmcucc j tiie «l* 
'•fition tf the Atkemiuu wr« dirartnl &tjri [ito dMci^^Juw* 
of UiQ |ilulaiii- lo Ui^l <;ir <!iv t;irttmv> 'Hm iM^tant^' 
^iviA, in »jjilc cf ftll iIkit bo»tix] voJ^iur. wnrv, froB 
dw Miau caust, limlil an<l dliurdcrl^ iii niinj ncEioa. 

hoS wc aru tokl iJiat crioac* of >;rcat t^onntiy ir«ra 
IrtfpQtnud lij tlie Atheniui GoTfrmiicQE, and ibe dfr 
noamcicA nnctur iri protoctian. It in true UuU AllicjM 
too oft«Q Acti.^ up to di« fnl] ex1«ni of tlie biw* of war» 
ill 40 Rge wbai tbcne Uwc lud not bv«i uuli^ted bjr 
ouMi vrliici hj«va op«ml«] ui laUr Um^*- Ttii occo- 
ift^odi U. UL &ct, cuvtmw tu Allwiu, u> Laco«Iu^uw£i, 
to ftU iIm! scales of Gn^<>ce. Mod U> ftlt itstos aimUnrly 

httVMT eriU of war aiv leJt bul bj &vr« Tlu> (iloti^v- 
bojr *uip, tJie j^bning^iwlmcl tnnu rounJ, iho woi* 
dtqg-il»j i* £in-l, w1iceh«T Oi^ h^i haiile vn9n> IimL nr 
woo. Id iittl« SUU43 II cuiuiut bv UiIhH; <s\-«i7 maa 
fbiii in bii <fW]i pr^pcit^ imd pcrti>[L Ul« effvct of a wv. 
Cwfj iuttDLiftiToldiur,aiid;ij»u]Uiurfigblingf'jr!jUnwr- 
iai tniiemuu l!ii otrn trcti» \mvc been cat down -^lus 
own coom hu bwn bcimi— Kis own Iumuc bos bi^cn pU- 
L^*bl — hit owTi rvUiioDA liAi^ beoii kill«d- How can 
hcmlfrtun 1ou4iidithr:tai«miMof ci:i«ct>iinlrjt]i«Mm« 
IW-Iii^ yfilli v>.nc irLo hta «ufl«r«d ooUu:^g tii>m tbcm, 
eicej'l iprHi({>« tbe «dditicai of 41 hiibU sum fi> iW tAi«« 
«Ucb br pBy^ Men id such cutTmutAnccB <uiiiut h« 
fMHCnoi, Tho)' liava tui ittucij al ^lakc. It U «Iu^ 
hvj sra, U* I luy »o c:ii'c\«« laj^v^ift pU^Uig f^r Jmto^ 
t U wltcn war ii a mere punc at chc**, il in wLvti tlmj 
Ar« coiitfiiuling for a ivauou: cobny, ft frontkr towiv 



I 



iBB ox uiTioiwof inSTOKV or ousck 

Iho Ivonours oT a Aig. a ia1ot«, or ■ titk, lh^ thej 
ri^tkv Hqo ^eedwt^cnd do good oAc«i to ihmr «n^ 
nii^-t. The Bbck Prioce uraitod bcfauHt tb« chRk of 
hu csptivvt; VilliifV tniffrhMiicr't r«|iAncci> with Ea- 
l^e; G-MJTf^ If. A^it congnnilidinu lo Lcnis XV^ 
Uuriri^I a war, apoa ofcatifni of bff Mnifie fhwn the a^■ 
luupl of Dftiiucrn : and thnv Uiin^ arc Hue and £pi»< 
«rou^, Hnd very {p^ltiyhi^ li> tJj« author of tli* tirp«d 
tituiic of Honour, am! alf the olli«r vitv men vlw 
tbhik, like bim, ihtt God mndt* ih« woHd o^ly fbr iht 
uw of ;;«Dt]viiKii. But tb«7 aprifljf in gvnenl fttn 
nn«r hurdonMn. No war ongKt crcr to be timlvi^ 
taki^n bvt ttndcr r>rtninwlAT)cc« whkli rcndrr all intct- 
fhanpfi «f rocrtray bctwiwn tlm romhatanta imposaiblc 
Jt h » fciuj ttiin^ th*t men ibould bnte cftcb ocbcr; bnt 
it ii Gu wono that tfc^y abtxtld ountmct llio luibit of 
rutting uue anutlirr'ft llin»la without hmlrt^l. War it 
liov«r IvnicDi, but whcro it h wuilon ; wbcn Bii;n ktv 
compclldd U} flg;ht in nIf-d«fcneo, ib^ muM hito and 
•vcng^i tLiimay LqM; biA Et fa hoonui Miiif« ; It i 
a the daj m il came froon the hnnd of tbe potter. fl 

It b tni« tlitl »m>ng ibr dqwrdoorJM itf At1t«ii 
Kjjitioiu ummcd * f^iaractn* mon ft^roriovi th^n «!■«» 
in I^raiK^, daring tli« rei^ of ti^rntr — ihr af^nuwd 
Salur«a!U of an ftroirMd bobdi^ fi a Ixuo lliai in 
Atb«n* ttMlf, wber« audi conmbi(»9 vr«rv ACamlj 
known, the conditjon of tbo higher ordon w» dia 
■gnvabJo ; dut tboy wore cocnpdiod to «iintrib«it« laq(v 
fona fbr tbe Mrrioe or the untfomcnt of tlio pvUIr i 
snd IliKt tboj woro ■omoHnM* barvaard br rfvutioiu 
hifbriAtra. V^oivovtrr "neb <«■(• occttr. Mr. Milffird*! _ 
K^jiticiftn vAftitbM. Th« " if," the *' bot," tha ^' it ■ fl 
•aid,' * ibfl ^ if WW nwy b«lioir«,'* with wbicb h« quilitk* " 
^^ f rtiy rlnrgo ^pattn a tjrraai or an arWcocnKj, «t • i 



<Hi Kirr'^ftirfi m*n>nT or (shim* 



IbS 



bb bvlirf; and tio ii«Tcr &ilt to invn^h wiUi h«u-ly 

■pocK* of c^mo. 

tlisA irv i-ooi fctr tli«Ba. Y«t I tID venture to tmett 
l})it^ while the vploidmir, tlio intfl1ifi;miM?, uid the 
tfifr^y of l^t fiW^i pi^plfi wfrv f»»mli»r to ih<>n»> 
Mira, tbtr crniL« witii wliiJi tiv^y arc chnri^ aroiO 
&txn tsaoHH whh^-h v<>r« coninkon to Uiooi ivith rvcrv 
0llMrst«l9 wiikb tlicn «xi4t«J. Tlt^ rioli'iice uf !iii:ti«n 
ia that a^ tpraig froui a <um« whidj liwt >l*ivayi bocn 
fbnB9 In «wry poJiticftl and moral tivil, donc^tic BlavOTy, 
Tbe r^M at tla.'rny h eMuij>!»Moly lo dJMoIv« tlie 
oonfiertidQ ivlucli nntmiitljr nxim hriwemi the hi^h^r 
mnA Imr^r rTurin of ffto ciIu^ia. Tho ni!>t uponH 
tfmr w«kUh in parcluuin^ and inaintAmini; nUt-VB. 
Thero a no dcmoxid fop Htc Uboitr nf the poor; the 
&1il« of Msnmia ctjm* to Iw ftjij:<]jcab1e ; tlio M\y 
Qomwmakmbm tto nutnimeni to the nivoiben ; tkerv is 
ftft •Croplijr ip tho bodr pojiifc. Tbo two pirtios liiorv* 
fttfV. plvMd to QxtrcmLlin att^rly miknowo iti ooun- 
tri« itftmno tlm Imto nratTuiII j nc-ed uf each other. In 
Boom iho iibpurhy wm tor) powi^r^il to hf; ntbrntri] 
\vjr lbti-«; uid nrith^r tbe ttibnivM nor (lit* ^ojikW 
M*onibJi«», tlioa|{h coQttitiitioo«lljr oiniupotcnt^ touM 
OAuilun & mm^wthi) oontuft a^utt men vrho yomaa^ 
ilw idiu]» pfopgq of t)ie flab?. Hwco Uio nocanity 
for nuMwirw tvsdiniE to iiiuvttte thovhdu fnuno of 
wrirtj. mil to take iwny wcrT" modv^ of toJiuiry ; 
die aboGtlctti of ck'blft. ond tli« tif^Hiin law* — pn>;>- 
adiian* ebfttmUy eondemnvd by tDL'n who do not coth 
tider iha oJrmfruUBOM fWim wl]i-*h thty sprung. Tbey 
«an tlia 4tifk«ral» tWie'ftce of a (l««pnntii dbcMC. I» 



100 



coi umokn-s HIST01IT or ouicv 




Gi-uvG« llio otteirvhicaJ int«t«»t wo* noi in tuii«ril 
J^f^jiljr n>oc«d u ftt Kamtf. The muiutudc, tli«r*lbr>^l 
oi\iM rvdtvucA by fiio^ grii^vaiiQce wKJch, at RqoiAi 
were oomtniinly aiu-rki.'d un<lvr ihc? ibnn] ot ibu con' 
Ciciition. 'nify iJrovc onl or mn^fd^Ti^ ihc rich, ^tid 
liiiirlt-d lliejr (iropfftir. If xhti napr^riur uaic>fi vc lailUj 
tftry ikiU oi' Uku rich tvmlcrcd tJitm TicUitUnu, tlj 
took. iu«««»nM ('iiiuJIj' riulufflt, dMARikud ftll in wl 
thuy eould aot coofidi:. ofUm BljiQK^rvd grcui uaml 
snd ooctt»ionally cx[>cllr<l the whalo commMult/ 
lh« city. ODii ntimiMid, wuli Uicst •krcfi tbb 

Fpjcii Micfa calftfliilMi A>hvi» and L«cMt«iDon 
ncrc Almosl compl^lely trw. Al Atlirci« tbe 
of tim neb wure laid lutder ragnlar coittnbuyen fur Um 
•uii|KPrt ot' llie poor ; umI Uuu, n^lly cuuduredi 
ancb a &Totur u> the givun •« u> the rvcnvftv. 
DO otJior mfMurc (wuld poaaibljr liftv« uvoil tlitiir 
Ei-Diti pilUge and Uicir ptTuna froMi violoncA ll u 
|-ubr 0^ Mr. Miifufd tboub] perp«nia% r^prviHOea 
policy which WW Uw beat that iNxaJd bo pQmiad in lOck 
a«lat9of ibiiigatB'id irhJchakNwaaTod Atbw»ihiiit(ln 
tWglitiUI oalrac^ whuzli w«ro porpetimEwl at Cotc^tl 

Lacedainoti, cimod witli a lynbcAi ofaUvot^ mat* 
ediow ihan haj^ civr oxUtod in any oili^ mimrry^^ 
ftToiiM tJus evil by ahncat iMally anniKiUU&ic privat«| 
prqttrly- l^ycurj^u* heg^ hv mtx m^nnna bo. Hp 
abi^vM all imAmioM wtcvpl lint vf amiK; hd aiadc 
the whole of hi> onmnuuiity a lUuuiinf; ansy, «*vy 
mmi1ji*r of wbtoh bad a cumaioii a^\ u Um ivokwi 
of a crowd of nuMiabhs bondmun i he aecnrod Iha Mate 
Vm M^uon bA the iuiprn«e of thv H<dott. Of aD ibi 
t«Tn of hia ayitoD tkia U iha noa creditaUtf to hia 
M>^ i94.tNMtt,#va«Ail to h» bMft. 




J 



oy jirTrv>iui-9 uetory ok fiHEECE, 



191 



CxnciP, Mr. Midksord W oc^lrc^^ bul he hai yet ■ 
rior cJi^r^ to ftitsw«r. llv Juu uijlJv iiot ouly iU 
loipi^d ii^vivnoAs but Aluv dUtemcnu. While ha 
•ffTBT ■catiVi vithuut quolliicatkinA and ol^^ctlcaii, tlit 
efa»fgA wUdi tlfo uvlitft ftfld boat hlfUiriftnA liftre 
brougbt Apuiut hii iirourito tjrrtttita, l^iuatnUoi, I1i|> 
|a(fts snd Gfton, lie tnutficrifcMi, wilUixiit mtty Iip^IaIioiii 
tbc tfnw* ! MbiiArf; of tho ItMst ttQtJuirilatjT« wriUa 
i^puoit cTcr; democracy aad vvvrv diOLiJiifOifiWv Swll 
in sccuHitwii bliwIJ fivt bv awdu vtitJuinic bui;t|{ *u|^ 
|aunud; ftud 1 ^Ut tbtrtvforo mduct diiq out of miLiiy 
l«i««gt« wUch will fiiUy suW4uti»to tlie cb&n;^ end 
coorjci Mr. Miilbrd of itilf]] nii«n?pitif»cntAtioTi. or 
•f fUfrltgcDM itc&rccly kw ciiljrtbli\ Mr. Mitf.frJ It 
qv^kifix of oou of lb« ){D<at«3t men tbiU wvr Uv-vd, 
flwiiMMlll' ni ij uid coaijiario^ him wiUi liiv^ riy^lt 
MtAinn^ Lflt him uptak f^ hluuM 

'^In uariittrt j^outb DcnoMiiciMi corned on opftrobri- 
0IU lOcknuuD by tba tiSaamtafiy of bla droH and u»*i*- 
ncr.** Docft Mr< Mit£i>nl kn{>w iliat Dcsiuatf^uncv 
^miivi tbU rh±r^, and rxpUincd tjw ntcknAnifi in a 
pvrfcvtK diiKr«^it ui«nbfx?' And if hi lm«w il, 
thuuJd b« not have itAttfd it? il« prooonlt tl:u>:^ 
*■ On i'laargJDig frona luloority, by tiio AtlivniSJi law, 
u fivi>«£ul'twontj, bo wniod wwibvr op|jTobduui nkk- 
name by m |inufviiiion of bia gunnljnnH, wbich mi 
oaamkred m k dinhoouumble Mt«mpt to cxl^^ nonegr 
from ibani-" In tlio tii^l pUcc, D^snoithciKtt wu not 
fiiv<uid*lw««tf. jvan of 8^ Mr- Mtlfurd ou'gbt 
lifevc iMtiicd, Hroin to cDotmoa a U^kiIc ■■« tbe Afvluvo 
jB^ d" Arebbuliop Pollar, liiai ax luouly Atbawii 
itiMB* wen &ocd from tb« ouimol 4^" Oitttr gittniiuM, 



m ox vmouift icirrocT ov gheucr. 

vd hvptn u> Runi^ tMr own fTn|>crtf . Th« v«vy 
speech of DuirMudientf o^lrut hk ^imnBaiw pn>T9 
man MtiKiltciontv' tliiu bo vaa tinckf twenty. In hi* 
«j>ee«)i %f^\iit.i MidiaSf lie nyn ^ni «h«n Ti« unile^ 
took thidi pTQiucutiofl he w«* qtiite ' a bor. Hii jotilb 

DtLglit, IbtfrvTikfv, QXCUM> lh« ftifp, VVtfi^ if it !i>t3 htrit 
ixnuuilertidi u Mr. MrliunI myw, a diahniiinzniblu al- 
tcmpt xo (Txtori monof. Bat %bo ^onndcrtfl ii b* 
Bua-ii ? Not tW jat^^ who coni^enuiiyl HtQ putrdiam. 
Tliti Aiht^nian rmirt4 of JBiticc w«fv not tbc ponast 
111 tlicj w.>rlil; b<it i)ioir«lii?«4^oinir<^ftl lo«ajtf Ilkctjr 
tn be Just u* ihi* nbuM <jt m Ata^y tfifinjr> Mr. 
Millord TdiiTv for ronfirnnlina nf lib itKlctn^nt tc 
^Hi.'hti»!« Mid P)Glarvli. fftrluuM b;)- tK> iiifuii ttMU* 
hiiuuui: iLnd Plotsirh iJinrtly oontmdkt* him. *'N'it 
long alter,'* Mj^ Mr. Mhihrd, ** bo tooli bTinrs pnbSo* 
Ijr In the ihi«l«T" (I firtvervi* thu ortbography, if h 
rui be » <aT!ivI« ^' tbti hbUirrian) ■* frotn a pefnUal 
youth cf nnk, nkni«d MHdiaii-" Htf^ flf« two <li»- 
gruvfal tntttakou In the fint plftce, it wu long afte ', 
«iglit y««rt M lb* v«ry Ifwil, pn^nHy mucb morv. In 
the ii«(xt pl«c«. tbo petnlvit yovlh. of whom Mr. Miv 
lord vprakft. wa* fifty yv^n old." RnJly Mr, Mitfnrd 
h§» loM rMJoo lo cfn^nri? th« oKJnttnoM of hii prcd- 
ccovoti than to nlnrtn bix nvn. After tUl nMn* 
■trmts inA«rtirwy, wilii wpiH tn fw-u, ir« nuy b# 
■lite lo jodjCQ whtl 40j£n« of rryi^t <ni;zh\ to h* gi*«M 
t» lh« Vftpio mWo «r ini^h ■ wntAr. *' I'Ikt rotfrnrlico 
iif Dtian^rhi-nra tn \^M HM mftrrwutV bccvn* notorw 
tnnk." I>iTtn'Atik<:n» iirmi a civil dimmclvr; «v ««i 









OK HtnOU^ EDsroKT Ur UR&K& 



m 



not bb UuitHMSi In \m tun* Uii» lUviMuu Iralfvvt'n 
oulkarj aad {>a]iiicftl offiOM wak beginning to ht 
Btraigly nuukvd^ y4A ibc rtxollvciion of Uid thyt 
wlion «tvrj dtuea wu a vofUicr wiu jittli TCfvnt, Jn 
tn^cli ■tiilM <if «ixi«Cr a ryrrlAin dej^rfir of diu>pal 
ttiwaj^ «ltA<fac« to (vdicfiUry oicn ; bul tJiat aujr ki«l«r' 
of tiw AtlMttuui dcBkocncy could luvo bowi, ax Mr» 

mukabjc fiir ** Ml artimordtnu'y dc^icn.?^ of pcnonil' 
nMua^C^i" It «lMolute£jr impocnblo, Wimt imercenATy 
irMiSor of Uie tim« ixxpo^ed his life to ^r(«l«r or mori^ 

fiiR« «bo had woTv CAiue lo Irvnabkf fur lu» ail^ 
tfaui ibe onioc, vbo, in cat* of lidvttl, uouhj nc&rccly 
b«p« tor «k«rcy IVcua th« p«cplQ nliocD b« had aml«d 
or cbo pnncc wbon lio bod i>|i|^«^f Were not tba 
Anluuuy flnctttiiion* «f pofHilar 1v«Ibig cnoD|^ f» 
ter aajr cc»vrarcj Ironi eo^minit in puUtiul oonflictaf 
LocraU*, whotn \At. Midbrd tjxXoU, b«^uw bo cofk* 
MUitlj aCD|jbjj<d oil tb« il(jW47« of bn «c1eoo1*I 
rilotorii! to tUconM oli^rcbj* ojhI lyraiuiT, mx< 
tk jvdkiul oikJ poUlkal nwliiw of Atb«a« &«n 
tuiidi^, ond aoauM to hire lialol dcnocncT onl 
bocuiM be duiM noi look o [Kjmlar utKrmbly tn lli 
ll£a> DcKiOrtboiMo woo o man of a fotble oovurtil 
tioo : bi* ncTfc* vcrr «r«ak ; but hU t^nl wao lug 
uni ibo OMJKy Aii4 viilliuiMMD of ktii fmillii0» kiUp> 
yoRBil bin tbniugb h£v and in d««tii. 
3o Biucb Jor D««oMbyiMo« Now fof tho onlor oi 

UVtbCTM^. 1 do nal W isb to ObtUO MtKhlDiS^ Ho 

boTtt boon mi boiuvi moa He wu ccriamlr 
bianj ond I fe^ twcnmoe^ at wfai<^ 3Jr. Mil 
iMou to barv no nodon, for gfnot m«n of eroj pvtr. 
Hut. wbco Mr. Mit&ird mj> llml ibv pnvoU dim^a 



ItM <W »nrFoiu/s iriffrxmr or 

of ^lActdoM wsA witliont >&!■> do» ho rMOMiW vhal 
^jvlibioa hju tiitnaJf confMied in hu speorh ii|phiM 
TLmanrhiiA? I r^n mftlut alli>vuinM, m «f«ll u .Mr. 
Alitt^rd. fbr pt-notit who lirvd undrr a drlTpreMt nv"lMi> 
of l«m ajid moml* ; hnl let t^ftrm Ur nuulo impariUllv. 
IP D«f:noMh«ii«« If! to be ftttaoked on acoouvu of mom ^ 
clitldidi unpmprieti^ provtd onfj bv tlie i^erlim «l | 
ftn anugoniat, whfll <hd! ir« uy ^ tfaoM nttCuTcr 
i^Mi whick that ftnlaf^oni'^t Km kicnw4r ftCkiiofrl«ilgf<l f 
" AgMiKt ihd privAift rhftrni^Bor nf ^Ca^liinc^*' «}^ 

uuiT]uaii<m ti> oppoie." Hm» Mr, Millbnl tt^r xwd 
the ipcwb of DvnmUMikCi on Uw Embdwnjr T Or «ui 
bu liiiw lUj^Mil. what was tii?Ttr fM^ien W uaf 
□nc clflo wbo cvor read it, ihr «tnr^ vhirh l>^«io«lbp* ^ 
iMi relauA wiih foch UnSble emttfy of Ittngutgo m»^ ■ 
cfming the ilmnbM bmlAlitj- of hL rirj ? Tnw or " 
filing b«ro ut floviKtliiAg ViMV^ thui ut tTiuniialkiti ; %rt4 
nottiiEijt can rincboate the hoitorWitt who )ia» overioottd 
it, from tho cbai^ of D«glig«nco of of pafttttlkj. Btti 
.^Bthinoi denied the etory. Atiil M iM DvaoetlMcm 
aho dvtkj the vtory r o fl p wti ng hk childish iwknaiw). 
wliirh Mr. Mitfon] hat nv^ivrthrlflv iiM mthomt loif 
qnEilifirafMfi ? Bnt ihe jiK^fEM, or 9amv fttrt nf tbem. 
nhowAd, by ibnir claAOQr, ibi-ir dtibrtiH' tif Uic rvkiM 
of I>««ku«Uivi*et. And dni not tli^ jwltf«i *lro triad 
til* ewe btttwMR DaoNitbfaai and hii gnanlim, 
indit^alo, in a Doah ckwr ismner, tbeir approlvtMu 
of th« proMN-viMin 7 But DoaoMlieix^ ww a ikuA- 
gogUfS and b to le ilaader«d. ^Khinm «u an 
ari«lomi, and b to be pttn4|;ji4«ed. 1% xhh a hMtorr. 
or a pviT pamphlet ? 

TWo pauBcM, aJI MJwCcd from a linglo fia|ce «f 
llr- tUtfntfT trori^ may gi*a vqom nodoai to iboav 



I 



<w luir^Rp^ ni»n)ftr or gheeck 



1« 



norl^n, itlio hAv« DDt tho meuis of tomptLnng hii 
lUlftnmU wilb the DnpoaJ AUlhorrtiea, <if ha VKtrrni* 
friirtUIH^ ami mrfYlRUOOM. Indc^^tl. ^■liOn**^ tJiii 
tmlunan nieiilion* D^nioitlmiiM, We violate all th« 
law* of rvidiur mui «vm oF deouroy ; hv wvi^b^ i»c 
iBtborttiM i H« rmIhm mt Rl)ow«n^f« ; h^ fr7r;^*!s the 
lv9t «itl]ieiitinte<l fiurto in ih« hutoiy ot" ihr tinri, 
tfkH tbn mcni pPiKfillj rccngnMd prtnciplA« nf KunuA] 
rutiire. T\t ofifiiMition of (li« ffi^nC orator to the] 
ptAicy d* Thilip b(^ repcva^ntA m ttHihAr nunti nnr Um'- 
ihn-< '^Ift vi]biny, I h*^ nlrmt'it tli« fun« ripht* 

km ■:.■ -ir, MriEbnl rnptfcCmji tlie t^hancler and the 
vivwv of tJiat grcttt >nd »f:tx»ni|J>Bh«d prince. But »i» 
I, ll]«r«rotv« xtt immouncti DeinMlheDttf pt}fll^t« «id. 
fnmccnt SoftJir not, D13 wd not pcqyMaUy act 
CMi of ttnf* grctbtft taJent« and lb« pttr««t InKntkmB 
OmIoI bj nalMTiaJ or fadiaiM prvjo^ns ? Thv m^ait, 
nspactaUk pnq>l« in Kn^nij itvrAj liitlt* moT^ tiian 
^jfij jrmn b|*o. id tJi« haUt of utlrrtn;' lite biltcrvt 
thata a^^iosl WaiI]in||>toii aoJ Kraiikliiu It ta c«n 
taialy to ttt T«^;r«tt«d tbsi la^n thouM «ifr m f:rM«1r Id 
itfjir esdmali* of i^hamcter, Bm no pcrwn wflio knom 
anything* of htiMiiiti natatv will cmjitiUf mch ctrarv to 

Mr. Uilffwd n rMt noro conihtltfit wilh hinrtDlf 
tban vilb mwo. Though lie b lite advo^ia of all- 
aii|pfrhi«B| ht » abv u wvnn idininr <jf all k>nKa, 
•all of nQ cvtivm who nai«od tkcnnMlvai 10 
«n«T^ of *ovM«ifpty fvhlcb Ihe GivtJct 3«noiiMnfti«i| 
lyranny. If roonwchy, oa Mr- Hliford holiK bt m 
iUfilf t Umn^, ^nnvDCTMy nauRi tw a bMior Ibrm. 
if nowuMCAl than aikMr«CT, which h aJwmjs 
<ppoaaJ to iImi vitprffmarf, and ereo to the ^mi- 
of uKlavtdi^alft, On Uw odi«f huid, tt ii 



I9fi <NC linVOSIV« mSTOKT or QBKBCft 

bill 01^ it^p Llut wpMtM eke deimgogujQ ukI 

If this artiol^ h^d not Qxtunijml lU^ lo to grMt t 
Kii^nb, I should oScr a few oliMstatiun ou koi* other 
pcciUiitf ittps of ilkJH writiir, — hw gencnJ pfi:fcttnce of 
lh<^ IWiftriiui^ to the Griwbt, — hU ]w«ililootiw for 
P«rsiRti«, G&rthft0^iuaiu, llinc^Aih!!, for all ikftdofis tm 
dii)^ «x<v(A tfiftl grvit Afid wolii^lviMii ittlJOtfi flf 
U'hk'li h« U tbu Uuu>ri«ij. Bot I wili oonfine mjrMJf 
:«> a Hugltt topic 

Mr- UitfoTil bu reiBM-kcti, wiUi tnith «nd *finiU 
tJ»( "Any hutory pcdbctly wriucn, but csfK^^AUy ft 
(irvvkn kiMOfy pcorfreUy wntt«it »)wnld be « poUtkvJ 
iiiatiluie Ibr «I1 n^tiaiw/' It hw not occomed ta bin 
lh«t JL Graciaii hUtorj, porfoolJ/ wHttviit thoutd kW 
be a oonjilfi'j rtv^f d of thv n«« ud jin.>^:n<w uf ^ottaj^ 
|iUilopophy. ukI the att». Honr Uii v^jrk in vxttudwlf 
dcftcMmt- Indeed* though it bav eoem a Unn^ thing 
to Mjr of t jTfntlcniiUi who hM juibluhud bo inukjr ^uar- 
loG, Mr. Midbrd ».vm< to culeruun n MiBg, boid«iflg 
on cMiLNQpU far litervy mnd i^ttlAtiv* pmvniii^ Hie 

l«Ieikt» of tcttaa ulmoU oxcloiivaly ftttniCC lin nodcttj 

brr([ he ulka with ^'viy uMUpJecifol i&Mhiii u( " the 
iSv littmed-" Uooicr, imlood, Iiq edniirve i but prii^ 
i?L|«il^-, 1 tm tt&tid. bonuM ho ie eoaTiBOed th«l 
ll'iniv could btihhv r«ed nor »nt«. He covid nol 
nvolH i|K4king of Boer^iiM^ ', hut h« hv br<n ftf iMir* 
VK>lirituu« to ti«ce liii doBlli to |io]itical cmna^ Aod ic 
ilciluce Irom it cofkwqncane ttn&rourehle to Athcai, 
enrl lo |>apu|ftr tfeteiraaienle, ihu to thn^ IJfhi ct 
thvciiuwrtec uid doclfiiica of the voudcrful 



- rM» vbM WMft taH4 ft«ib 
W Ac**>vK •*' v4 o^. v^ l^v 

1 I 1 fl>4ilUHlit, Had llHtM 




lijf uincmra iivronr of (WRict. 

Hr Jooi oat Aenm to bft ftWAre that DcntofUionM w«i 
% IcrMt Dnitif ^ b» reprwnU liim Kancftuucc a« an 
A3f inng <Utiuif;agtie, wuMflinus >s fta Adroit eiq^oiijlai, 
ud alvrajra u s grtttl n>^u^ tint diuil In ivJi^di Ui* 
AUiQiufta exuelltd all men of a11 a^{*^ tl^t trnvirfibls 
tJcicpicACG, which at ihc iSrtaniw of mor^ iIai) two 
iKouM&il ynr» aclra Mir blood, and brin^ cmrs iiiio 
omr etex, W panes by vrilli a fcvr pUratci of coimiikiii- 
pUca cootiiMii^tiot^ T ij« origin of tbo dracnat, iIm 
docUitiia of llic aopfaiit*, tbr course of Alticuina udu* 
caUDfi. tbc lUta of iha aru aikd vcivvicai, thv wboU 
dcMNMjc eyctum of tlw Qnttki, bu La« u^taon rem 
pklfiljr DH^cdcd. Vet ihoc things will appear, t4 
m ttk6octifij> maflt acarci^ly Ion wortliv c-i Aitcjitioii Uim 
tlia takii^ <^ SpWtoii* or the disi^ii^Iinc iif tJio tai« 
y tiM * of J|WiIcraloa. 

'iluK, iiidved, b ft (Idicisncy by no nuiuu pwuliiu iv 
Ur. UitJurO- Uwi jjooplo aocoi n imagiiw iliat B 
dolail of paUjQ ooccuTuiicva— tliu upui'alioa» ordi^V 
— ibo duogra of admiiuiuatkiiu — tlic inaiirA — tUt 
nonifimdis — like rvb«dUaiti — U a M>ll|>l«tl^ hiftov^r. 
DitVbninc«a oJ' dHlnition ftiQ lojpcalty utuAp^irtant ( 
bm irautkalljr lJivj MXAwtisiAL liwduc IIm uio«I kuo- 
nmtnm dSsoU. Tbm it 1)h» Uw» in tbv prt«vait caws 
nUtoruuia h»v*t ultnmx irithom axcoptkti, confln^l 
CboDKUffl to thf public traiiMcstiDiu of tfiatoa, aiid 
y«« UA to tba BCfclignM adminunmtiDO of vrntctv 
•f fiction m provinco si Imai Hjnnlly tfccteiuiTc ^nl 
tmJaayo. 

All vri»e ilatMBMO bavu Ai^riwd to coitvidin' t^a pn>> 
fori^ or advaniiy of aaliom lu msAv up of tbe I^P»' 
•CM or Mary <if indinduolti aad lo nrjwt m duimii- 
ttl aD aou«iki «f a pobli^ iuUrnsat of tlio naniDunilyt 
JjMinrt firoii tlio wiaraihL of tlia ci>*Dpoinent partk It 




VI th^rafbrQ alwkgft Uloi thov vlin^ nlBe^ it v 
npj>1y tbiCGmwn wltli exuoiplctt ind wming> thoaM 
otnir, u too racfln for the dignlij of bistOTT* errcon< 

itm »tAt« of «of?iMy. Tn f7!ii«TBli thf titxW cirrrmt ol 
bniuaLi) lil« (Tow* nlMdily mt, unnrflTrd Tiv the tfonm 
wliK'li K|cfut« t1i« mtiure. Tb« Itjt^pinf^ of tf)« mviT 
ciimmfTnty Jt-ptiwU cai ftiunes uiJvpmiJvnt of ririunw U 
or dDfcaca, of rorolationi or w^oniti'^m", — **n*<*i ^ 
whicrh ran Iro mj^ottd by no Uw^, and wlilcli trw 
nvrmlfd in yjo ajoliiv^k, Thr*n c^idim atc thr tIiihj:i fl 
which it i« <irtn4iii rmp^raniV* t" u.t !« ktviw, not how ™ 

not whether AlfXJU)(!vr rli^ of |>oJ>toTi or by diw«a«. 
Hutory. wjlhoui th»e, ii » *fctfH without k Itfrnri ; 
md ucli at Almost rU the hiftmy wbirh u ^ktAnt iti 
the wnHd^ PaJtn' BJekinfahM itnd plots &tT ropnru^l 
Willi ab«urd ftnH tuvJeaa ntmuirfii^jn ; bvit improrv- 
iiHnta the most oiFonTitT to iht roml^rt aT hunun Rfr 
«XtoiMl thein««lTca fiter ihe worid, and ftflnyfni(<^ 
th«nit*lr«a inin «w;f coua^, brfbrn nnr aiinaliM 
on coodocvml, frum the Sffnliy of vHlfng ibont 
gimcnili and ■mbwaadowi to cnhe th« 1i«it nrxW 
<»f thrm. Tint* tbt pmgroM <»f iho ranst mlnuuy 
Ifivwttiona and ditcorn^ h tniried hi impTfroinUe 
myMcry ; mtnkiivt am d^pnr^ of a tnoat wnM 
ft(.rt*i« of knnwh'dj;*'^ and llwir b«t>«f«rtnrii of lfc«it 
honc«t lam«. In ih* oiMUitime crtrr child lmo«» fcy 
hfArt tl»e dsUo* aiiij idv<^liir«« of a !oni* liiif irj hmr* 
barian klnj^v. TIk h&rliTrj iif Diiioiu, tn th« wnie In 
wliich ] ti*v tlic wnH. b oftctr bnl laudiud in worlu 
tot profenedl^ hlslorinl, Thueydidn. u &r ift h« 
goevt b HA ocdlcnt writer ; ^et be al!bH> lut Ad* Im 
tTKiwle^S" ^ *1i« nK«t impnrt&Mt f«rt>rialan nubimg 



I 



tm 



1 



<nr mjffmr^ msFOtr op mncK 19S 

A\}vm9 XMn Pitio or Ariiti^lianfrt. THa linh 
liouiw <if XcDopbom on DocnMtlc &xm<jinj rrnilun* 
BMirv Iiirioit^sl iafbroiRtiorn titsm aH the swcii book* 
gf his Hvll(<f^. Tlio ttkmo ba/ W faid of ih« 
BiUlr\3 of 1lar»c«, of tlie Lrttvrt of Cicoro, of the 
fkJivrU vjf J^ ^^y of ih^ mrnirrirt of MftrmontcL 
IhLuiy fftlifrs Rifp:M hf mrrnliontrd ; Imt lhm« nifi* 
ctMnly illostritr my mmnTnj. 

RT «ou1(f ha|w Omt Ui«n miy j'l^t af>pi*itr a irHW 
10 m&r ■I«!ifii4v tbfl irromt mrmw Irmiin, anil Mknt 
KgJiti of Iii>toi^ over cvorr pnrl of her tittanJ 
Hn. Sfiould mcli a wn1V7 eopt;,"? m Omi tntv> 
mket in vrhich I catiaot lint cimHidurMr. Milord w 
bartftg dLilMt ht viU n^mrd, indi^nl, nil that i* mtc^ 
vdaf; Afi'l TTiipi^ntA'it In miliUrr and p>>litk^ tevx*- 
•rtioiu ; bat he will not tKnik anything too tririil ftr 
tlw ^rravitr of hktnry irhkh u nnf loo (nvial lo f>r<^ 
mtrtv <ir dimEnriK the huppiiicaa of mun. Ht wilJ 
portny in vivid cdoum ili« ikkmcnlia wci^r, d>a 
atfmmt tb* smuMinente, ih« oonvtfmli<in i>f thn 
Qradts. He vtll sot dindain to difmn tbo »Tnto uf 
Kgrvuhure, of the tnorhonicnl tnn, atid of tHn con- 
ifittt^ jjf lif''. Tb« projc^^m of paitiiini^. of »MiJpt- 
and of nrrliit^ifliirr, ^ill ffirtn an irnp^irtant pari 
n i^kai. Hut, ttbore all, Iih ■n«iti<m iriH be jeir<-n 
tbe luMMQr <if ihal Aptxndid liEvrator^ from wl»rb 
cpnmg all tli« tttmitfth, ti^e witdnn, tli« freedom, 
I tlw gUiry^ of ih* wmmtp worid. 
Of the tndiAnviire which Mr. Mitivnl «1iova on tlib 
I will not fpcflk : f^ I «annot speak witli ftir- 
MB. It ia a ffkhject on wht^ I lovo to ^ir^ th^ 
ttnosiy of a jiiiif|L'- in tli* TcnrtntioB of a vrornnrppw 
tlia fnticndB of a child. If «ic cooiidi-r ihm^Ij 
mbtlvljr of diaqvUtitni, iLv fom of iviAgiB^<mi 



20G 



o» MmoKi't; msufiu or viciAat 



Uk- pcjjfoi fiiwg]? «nd «I(^gu>D« of cxpcf«io«, iHiich 

imM iiroiunifio^ tlitfin Itktnik^rAJlv nti^t \«liji4h]^ IjuI 
«lat ihtU wc uiy vrhcn wv reflvct that fnJiH Uiikt 
lure «|>ruiig, directly or inrlit^cctlv, all ihif iii^«t cn^ 

llw ^'llst occdinplJslimuDlK, ud tho brilliunt fiincj of 
Cicero; the wUlinring Hrtf of Jn\<ntl\ the platlie 
iMJ^pna^iioa cf Daut«; Uiv liuinour uf Orwiun; lh« 
eomiimhrn^on nf Elacon ; tJic ttit iiT tiutkf f tbo su* 
firamu 4iuJ imirrrAl e%oeIJ«aici> of Slia)Kp«*M? AH 
liiu intmifrEw of mitb axid tcnttw over jinjuilicc tad 
I'uiii'i, in wvry coulitj vini lii cvcty igvi, bavo bowi 
UiL- Lntuti|thA I'f Aiiuf^a. Wlivivvvr d f*^' ffrtm raSadi 
lure madu ft «Und Ngftinat riolento aikI ^od, in ih« 
Cftiua of b'tiii^jr and roaAon, tiioxv bjw br^ci bor «|4Hc 
ia lli« Du<!>t of Uw^i i intpitiiiAk ctiCDun^iii^ coiuol* 
log ;^liy tiko lonely Uiup of ICrustui; bf tho rc*lkiv 
Iwd uf i'jUcal ; iu lite liibuiM uf MintLv^ui ; m Uw 
call of UnJiiHt ; on tliu •caHuUI uI' SKinvy. Uiit vb» 

WLo tJmU Kiv how nujiy UiuoiAJid)* have been mad* 
wiaer, tuf^itr, ami L>-i4cr, liy Otow |>un»iu ia »likck 
«h0 W twi^t nankmd to eiijcifp; u> liov uuuir ttw 
Mudicft whcicb look Uicir ritif (tub bcr lian^ l>«q-n v*«tJlli 
■ povvrijr, — IpMitj' In buiwi^\'— bnlik lU «icl;MV, 
•^■ocivcjr i& wJimd* ? Un* power m bult^vi manifat* 
fd <t die bar, in iho a^aio. ia tho field of baUl^iB 
Uio >cl;<iuU of |>liilofoi>hy* But ihtvcara Boilwrf^orj. 
WluTfimr HttfAiivo oooiolw fonvvt <x mum^ pun, 
— wlMnrcr ii hi4n|;B gladncaa ti^ejrm whidb bil wiU 
fimkoMiiaa and tcaa^ And ache Ibr Uic Atik hcnuv uid 
Ibv loH4{ >l fttj't — llioT* t^ viltUiUo4i in ua m4>l«l ftmm 
tba iaunsaMl utftiuMCD itf Albvik 



4 



I 

I 



I 




OA HVmilUlV llieTOKT <>r GIULWB* 



SOI 



Tl» dcrviMv in the Arabian ul^ did pot hcdtau io 
ibftiidnii In has coutmAa tbe tunuli viiXh iliisr load <jf 
jiweU nod g<Jd, whili* hi^ rclftinrd 1)ir ca«1((VI c^ ihn* 
mTHteriomL jniiv wliii^i ^islilM him li> Ih^IvjM at oii« 
gluKM* all thv hiddtra rrrlm cf tlie omt~cu'^»c. Surely il 
ti INI «:<ng;p;ni.lum to miv that na oxinnitd udvaiiia^ 
il to b9 ovmiiar^ wiili that punfiouiijn uf tine imut' 
leetD^ orv whicl^ giv^ nrt to contcinplaU' llic infinite 
vr^ili of i)ic mwitJil world, all the h**anIod uv»iiiy« 
ef in pnmevml dyiuddm. n?! die diapt^W ore of its 
ym QEWxplmrrd miiM^ Thi* in ihp gift of Adik^nMto 
nun- ]l«r (Vptidoiii u^d hvr jrowvr lisve lor ij|(>r« UkMi 
L«vnt7 ottituh«a b«vn tuiniltiUtad ; her pcuplu have 
degenerated miu lioud fJav\4 ; hor Ungiug* tnro a bar- 
Unjtu ju^u ; her kftiitili& hart^ been gitvm sp t^ the 
Aucccttivc ilcimHlAtMiu oT licjmttiiii, Turks, and Scotch* 
moQJ but htrr tntollecCaat cm|iiro is ini[H'nnhHbV\ And 
when Utoso who have nvftllcd hor xn^t'i^^ p^linJI hn^fr 
ihvrd }irr ^t'l ; wh'^n cmliiauoii uid kntnv liidgo hIiaH 
bir« fij«i*d tht-ii ftbudp in diitkiit ctintin^DtA ; whi-n the 
vovpUv liiall hiivo pftviul awiv iVnm KnifUnd; u-hm^ 
perfift^St tfHTvTJ^'r* &v>bi di'bUuil rt«-;i^'tih fluiil in *«iil 
libnur to dMsphur oa tomo muulderm^ ]K'd«b<4iJ tlie 
namt of our pr^idvnt chief; iduill bcrtr wtj^o hymiB 
f4\Aaiilfd to una mi«diA]M<n fdol, over tbo ntinod dome 
tV ifUr pmodot tciu|>Jc-; and 4iaU 5tc a ^iij^lt* luked 
iJivnnaii v&ifa hin nula ui llto riv«r of Ihc tea llioo* 
tttid ntus; — hvr ;iiilt>eacv Mod bwr gtui^ mUI tlJU 
Mirvtttv — rrvUi m Qtwiul yoiiih, luurmjit from niuca- 
bilit^ And 6tx»yt inunortal at the tdl«dl«cUul pnncijtla 
froQ wKlHi ihojr derived duJr origm, ind itw nhkti 
tfivy cxerriw? tkcnr coAlrol. 



MIUIKOL* 



{gfcfa' j l MftUm. Jb«»ri ItllL) 

TowAKiK the clo«o of ihe y»r 1S29, Mr. L«BiaQ» 
4^'Ulj^ keopcr of Uic Btalv |«pcn. m tbv oouiM of hii 
KAoarchtf ftmon^ tlio prvMM of >iiii M», uka with a 
larf;** l.wiin mflnuvnpl. With it wcrafvnnd ^orrwlcd 
co\-\e9 oif tl]« frirajiTi *li9piirtba writlr^ tij Miltoa, 
white ho cllcH Ihi^ offipft Af Socral^r)^, uid Mvoral pfr 
[nrn n.-littiit(; lo llxr Pojiiili Triiili and thu Ityu-luvus* 
Plot. Tbc tvbolo w«i wrapjivil up m ftn vnvclope, 
<iipencnbM 7^ f&. ^VKffncr, MUrnXatiL On «jun»ia- 
tian, i1]« lojgo nnniDcript pror«ij to bo tlie lung lost 
Ruftv o(i Uio OodrtiM^ of Clirationitrf wh^, acconl' 
]ii^ Ui Wfwxl «nd ToUnrf, Mflf'tn flfkU1i«if «ft«r ibe 
RMioration, *nd (!*pmttttl wtih Crtin*? SkimM^r. Skim 
aii\ it k wi^Q kiwwB, Ixfll iho faimc poliikal Q]want 
*\M\t hit illnviriiivu ArivnrL U it thcrv^irv |mTbah|i-. mm 
Mr. IfVTOoii <«njc«4iirt«. thfti liu mnv havi< Iklkn lunkt 
th« vunpidont oT tiM i^miaicnt JnHng tlial |MnvKYi 
lion of th« WMjp wliirli f^llowod tlic liiuKTiotiuti tt 
i1k) Oxfbrd pftrBtmmt, md iJint, in fvrn^itfiiofi cf • 
gan«ri] lofamn^ of h!* l«;)CT^ tld* vrak maj hat^ Wb 



1 



ilT JIM* Mnmff, iMihthl A«h «• CM^^ Ij C^ria I. 



J 



MILTON. 



mmglu tA ib^ nfBce in wh>cb it haa bma fbund. Bui 
wIaItvi^ tbc ■4«-«<itutB of Uie nuuia^cnpt nuy iiafV 
ln«R, ao Uoubtcan oxiit *J^i it a Bgvfiuljiu r«Jk uf iIm 
irr««ipoct< 

Mr. Sumner, wbo wv fiomiiiuidod bj hi* Mi^jni^' 
ti> «dil«i nod IruulMe the tmtiv, hta mc<ittiUoil lumacir 
of Lilt tuk ilk a m«iin«r LonoimUc to liii l&tpnii sod 
(if Im clutmctrr. llii t-crufm ii i^ot in<k«d vvry ^^fX 
■r fJt^puit ; tful ft 18 viiUiIliI Ui Ui« prauM of cWniu* 
tfiil liddjtj. HU notttt abcmnd wiUi itia-natai^ quo 
uMi>N sml hjiv« tlw nuv mum of rwJIjr ^luciiUlii^ 
lliv tat. llw pctAwu ifl evidtnLly th« wurk cf a ftan-' 
ijbJc And cnndirl roui, £nn in tiu own rdl^ou optnicini^ 
■Jill luhr^iLi lowuiii ihoM of otiior*. 

'Xliie book ilocaf iriU not adil mnch to tho Cudo of 
Mitt'ni- II is li^*^ n^^ lui I^tisi wxiflLt, wvll writt«ikf 
tliuuf^li itijl v2Aclly in lliv bI/Jv uf tUv pruv mraj-j uf 
U&JiniJ uid Cunbnclf^ TWr« i« iiq «IabonU3 iin]t»> 
^uTi uf cliMioft] tuiiciutiyt no Knipulmn puriiy, nooe 
oT liw cmcDKnuil cIotnncA wkick clmuurim iLd 
dkiim of our «n«iLfn)Ml PliuJtwn. The sutbor dow 
Mt RUenpl lo jKjIUh ADd briglrien hii compoftti«i inuj 
Am: CSccrofitAii |{1ih» And tinllifttiqy. Uc doo not in 
iWt MctifiM >iiiHt hjhI »|;inl to pwlanCio rvlinvmvnU. 
Tbfl natujv vt' Itti nit^cct compelled bioa %*i vms nuuiv 
word. 

Bttt Ii0 wHij* willi n much im9V and fiwduui u if 
Lfttiii wvrv hi* iiK'lii«r Unique; Uid, wlisr« Im ii loul 
bsfiiy, ltf< bUuni (PfrMDA to arifc^ frxxn dm c&n.'1cmi«l 
tC m nttivc^ not thm tkc i^noranco of ft fbmgiMr. 
Wv mjiy ^n^'y t^ !>'>& wljftt Dcnliam wiih grat fcliMJiy 
myn of CowUt. lie w^Mn tlio ffiukii, boi not t]i« 
*ldtb« of ibn ftncivnU. 



104 WKT^yv- 

Tlimu|;)voui lli« volsina mm ilMv^iiU^ tW tiVMH 
« pow*rfiit «i«d imJvfwivleni mind, vin«ncii«lMl I<mib 
<ho inttntrnvo of vuthixiir. und dvrvrM 10 IM M«ivh 
of truth. Mihoh jtraTc^Msi to tons liii n'Aioin ftoMi Uk« 
Bible nkmo 1 ami hi* difftst of MdiMDniJ loxift is oer* 
tuiiJy among tho fant ili>t hftm «fifi«amd. Bnt he m 

tioKP, 

S<mfi of iU« ij«tvrodoac iloetd»«« wlucli ho btovt* 

ticoluijr hi* Anani*iii, ukI hei thi>ar)' oil tbo Mibjeet 
of polyguny. Tci wv can searoelj conc«!v« ihai uijr 
pcnoa oouU bsro rand 1I10 Fttrn^iM Latl vcitbobi «u»- 
|>fviin^ liiin of llio fotmi-r; nor ilo wb tlunk ikiL awy 
iwodert ftniuftinbtd irith llw hriatorir of hk lUt, omjElil to 
bo mocb >l«rUod ot tho UUcr. Tho opinlgn* wliicb ha 
tn* mp ^a anJ rwjivcling tlko naturv of |}io Uvi^. tb* 
•Mmli^ of mtbcr, khiI iliu ubvervmiMit of titm Skbbftlk 
mi^l, we ihink, luiro cjmuvl mort jntt «iirpri«Oh 

But vri9 wIQ ant go into ilic illMusflon of ibae 
poiitH. Tbo bootc« V0O it &r mm ortliadaac or far 
Btorr hvrotira] ihin it U^ would iial morb tdi^ uc ro^^ 
^pt llie firv«i?itl ^iMvmtiiR). Tbo lOifvi ot our titiii? wn ^ 
nut to be conrvrtvil or |H:rv«ili»] by 'j^nrUm. A &« ^ 
nocv ibyt. onid Htm awoy will Ti^Idw ilio I^f*a^^ 
PopHii, Eo llio doft umI sil(fncv of tliu uj'pc-r tbolf. 
Tbc niBie of it* tnihcrr, irtx! ibe t^^nurfcMblo dma^ 
Itenroi atfofidiikg ju pnUiooion, will r^fttn to It a <%r- 
l>in (l^;:n.« of siiaidofi. Fur ft montb or tird it will 
oivapj a few nitnuira of r1i«C m rv«rY dntwin^^-riiOM, 
■od afowr»1aiMti In every fiB«f;Ban« ; umI Ii tiill tl^m, 
10 bontnr iho el«^iit bnfut^ of tH« pbirUHlln, im 
«ilbdcstf», 10 itaJi« rood) far tbo forthconui>g ikpvoI 
tfaa. 




UlLTOSf. 



SM 



Wm wUi however to ixvtul uunvivut of tbu iiitcrrvt^ 
taiuiaii fts It m»j bo» which thin wud( hiw «xd»d. 
T1ied«3it«fDiD»CitfittehJ(i»nwer^on60 to prvnrhtm ih« 
^ wul minKla of k mint, citl they hkvc airakntod din 
("rvctficHul ft«liag!t e£ thnr Muliti^n hy f^tliilittthp kaoiv 
h'Jic of hjni, a thnnct of his jpic-itivril^ ■ Jijck of bit 
huc» or ■ «bi^ of b» bk»d. On tlio inrne pKncIplf^ 
#« iDCottd 111 Inku aiit^BQbt;^ Eif ihv ht*s iiiUVtvdlif 
(W0V1A7, aadr while IJbiB momorutl ofn ^-at and ff^Mid 
nam h AiU in Oid landr of nil. to my something of hk 
moml ami in <';!]'>■.' iti a] <]uniitJC0, K^r, w<ff ar« cuo- 
irbiuHl, will lilt- n-%'onsi of our renikrs hUmc iki if, on 
«n iiCAAon Hio ihr fkcvi«ent, we trim for & lUwin 1in« 
ITC4I1 Um lefvi^A of lln* <1at, tr> ««nimMnoa3rt«, in cil] loiv 
•nd f«T«rei>oe, the f^i-iiiuj] muJ virtHn of Julin MiLton, 
ibff poat, thm aafwiin, llw |ihilQ»opbvr, Uni glorv of 
EdgLutb Liieraturet Uio cli«apkiB and Uie huuItt of 

Il b hy hUpMirr thai Mifton u best known ; anil 
a U of hii poe^ HtM wf wiili 6rrJt to sp^nli. Br the 
onnvTal fluflnpt of UiA dvilitnd voritl, bii phifW bM 
Eweo mJN|cn«i] »iwn^ iha f[reot<«t [nmlM^ of lh« art. 
Ilia ikttacton, bottwvr, tboO|^ patTOtnl, hoto not 
Wn fibocod. Thefo are mooj criticA. and Maia of 
liraU trnme, «ho ronlHvo In (bo max hnulh to uxtol 
iha |»enM and to dccnr the poet. Tbc v/orks ibc^ 
■■riEnowletVf^ ronuderal in ihonwlvf^ tnay be claMod 
anoci^ the iMblHt prodocttons of the buxnan ttmdw 
OqI thay wiU nnc aljcnr tlv aiatbor 10 rank with tboM 
fn«t n>«n who, bore n IIm infancy of tf'ivilnatiaa, 
pippliadt bf tJitftr own powun, Iho (rant of inlreClioD, 
«iU« Uiougl) dHtitifto of ni0(kl« lh«mwlvo». bvcfwalbod 
o potftarhr ancMi wUrh d<^fr LtnltatiotL Mitinn, it in 
■id. iahoriiail whai hii pcT<ipcc0m cR^lcd ; hv Ur«d 




i 



Mtr.Ttiv. 

in AH «aili^a(?iiHi Age ; ho rf<viTod » fliuj|«d uAn 
Ltoit ; >i*J int« niiHt tlivrv&m. If «« wntald fbvic ft Jvtf 
t«riuuite of liU powvn. DiRke )>npi il<tlucirau in c<m>- 
iidermdon of iho*o idvanti^. 

Wh. \v?[)ture to My, on llie contrary, pondoadcd m 
tht^ Ttmark may appow. Uiat no povt hoA ever htd t» 
tatttggjiti. witli RMirr unfaroimhie rirfwirtapro* ihfta 
MiJion, lie doiibifd, u4 W W UiiTUi^ir o«iid, wbMh> 
mr he Imd not bcvn bom ** ui ngL- tuo Utr/' For Uiii 
Sotion JoliiMon ha* (boiigTti Kc tonulcu him liio bottof 
qmdIi duBuy jvLl-uJu. l^u |KMt« w« lwli«vfl, iuid«p- 
vUwd lli« naterv uf liti An bettor tJiui lb* critic. Ut 
knvw Uiftt hifl |K>otical gonim dorivpil fm ailviuiugt 
ipmt tbo dnluBiicoi which nirroorMlcd hiin, or flmi 
tbo learning tt'hkb bu lud Acqniroli uid he louJccd 
IndE «iiJ( >o«n«diin^ Khr rff;r«i to tbv rikdrr Agrof 
•rrmpt* wordi will vivid impciMon*, 

Wir liunk l)i«l, «> ciriliuikni «dt^U)ciai, P"**'? >t*n«il 
iiuL-t?¥Aril]r dwlifiw. Tliervfoi^ thov|;li we i^rvwitJy 
■dmiro tbow ^:rvBi works of uaaginAtion which hmvt 
^poared Inilarfc agUi wvdonot Adair^llNn) dMBon 
bootoAo th«T httvu nppcnred !■ duk nfoe-i On iho «M- 
Inrrf we luilil tlut th« cniHi wowb^ol uiil apUailM 
proof <if p-niui in « fT««t t>o«m producMl in ■ dviliapd 
f|^ Wq c»niio4 iiniknU»ii why diusc wlio botiew in 
ihu «KMt orthodoix anicltf of titewy bitli, ihai tkv 
nriiiMi pocu >» f:i>tMnlly iltt boU aIioqU wmdtf M 
«ln Tvb n if it were the t J OB pli oo* Snnlj' Uw oiifr- 
femity of die phnnonMiaa indieun* « c w fT^i |juuJw g 
■ftE^imliy (ti ihe cnivt. 

The fibct ii. that ronQMn obwrvtn rcuon from iki 
ivograe d liie vxperitAonul »denm to Utat of Ih* 
ntotive srt«. TJie iinprovciMnt of tb« fonmrr U 
indual tod ikw. Ap* art tpKit m Mtlectli^ «» 



1 



< 
I 



WLTM. 



S07 



MrUi. tigm mon in aepanllng and cMalitiiuv ihfm. 
Rren v|im a rmtnn Ieu htcn (ormed, tlieiv U iJiU 
MOeUiing to aiid. Co aTccr, or to riytfct. Kv*ty |^"V 
•tiuci w\joyi llw me of » t«it lii>«r<l bt>ii«iHalliv(l lo il 
I7 «tti<)uilj<'t Nnil inuitraiu that board* au^muntttl fanr 
Cmb ■cqomtawift. Ui 5iiu[v jig«M. Id ths* pursuiBik 
thanfors, iIm Uni 9|iecutaion lie nntkr prreat dicWran* 
ttfOi awl, «vcn wKun tht-T' fail, afg untitkid to praueb 
Tbair pupiU, miJj far inEbfinr ifttrllcctiul pawvn. 
■pocdily RiqiAM iJhnn in actoKl aitaixiBicnls. Bfcij 
gid wtiu h«9 rc44 Mm. Marrct'i little fii«lcfEtm on To- 
Eitkal ^OkiKiniy muU Uxidi MoeiIa^cu* or W^foW 
iMiv liAtfiai jii |j4KLu:v. Any Sii1«Llit:wit wiut umy iivw, 
by Rwlnculr apiJ/iBg lumactf Ibr u (I'lr /nm Ui matW 
iBmuiG«t loarn aioro dun ibft great N'uwton kaow lAvr 
hair a ccoturj' or stody and inctliutioii. 

Bat U U nnt ihw wrlli iiui4r-« irUlt pNinlin^, nr wkli 
•eal|ittir«. &iill !«« b Ie tliun v§llh ftoriry* Tli« firq^- 
ra« of refincmciit rwAy Kip|itiiu tlLne nitft witk bot* 
Utr iii^<ti ^ unitAUoD. Ii jufty iiidin.^ iint^rovo iJia 
iMtrtinwbia wludi an- no^vMry Xq llie atvL-li^iikal 
opanatJoctt of Ui9 lauHcian, tkv ttutptor, and tht paint* 
fr* Bat languid the nutcbtno of Lb« pogt, u beet At- 
tet for lui parpoau b itd rwkst icattu NatMna» Uk*; 
MividKAli, lirit por^virr^ aiul tWi abfttnei. Tlicy 
adimn«« hom [uTiicuUr im*^-« ti> j^mral Mrmt. 
Hci>cQ Ibe vgtvbuEjtfy cd'«n pnliglUvQ«4 Meiaty b phtU 
pv^Jur^, Out of a Jialf-civiliafd pooplo a po«tical. 

TU> d^anicv ill tliv lBai;uagV d* nun i« [lartJy tli^ 
ttaau ajul partly tLa vfli^t of a coinvifKinduiiE chaagif 
m tkfl lutiira of ^hoT iQli>UocUinl opvvkiigai, of a 
cba^e by vifcb icieuci! ^iiut vid po^ij Ituca. Q«9i- 
tnliMtiA U ttBcnwaiy bn the advanoeimcni of k&owl- 
id|P»i bol pankuUrly U indi^-ptuviMf: in th« eniaiiuw 



^i 




af UiQ ifliBgiBBlioa. In pvivportion ■■ nwh know mon 
And diiiik EDo«v. lh«y look k«« nt kidlvklttfth «»>! non 

irnrt0 pOMM. TImj pir«r ii» T3i;!iir fAinum nwUsAd of 
bndf|e«>Hidp«r>i<uiiHrd<|ttk]ilia instoidfif DMfU Th^ 
flittjr b* htihtr hI>I« (<> aiMly)'< Irimmrk MtnK tfian tlvrv 
piviSvrvHvn. But ftnslvM» w9 not tli« Wirw*! of th« 
poet. Hm officiT i* Trt partnv, not to diiwrl. He maj 
Iwlim-r in m monU wriv, Hkr SluAvibiiry ! h* tnny r*- 
fur all Imiiidn *rlirxu to sfrir-bncvnot, like U^lrPiiia 
or Ik- may nr^tir iliink abmil tiko nmfirrnt it7L Hit 
ciTwJ on »(H'h UTibjrcu will no mor* inflriwirc krt pofr 
irj, p rop w iy so m]l«lt ihari Ui<? n<iHon« whidi h paJwt- 
«r nmy haw conwit-id rr<|tHini^ lhi> UtM muJ |^i^ 
or ttio rircahititiii of tliu UIt^, vfU aWtfri tht Inn vf 
liu Niobc, QT thr UmJiui nf hnt Aaron. irShalw* 
•poftn: l:Md vrilivn n book en Um ntotl^'V^ «f htiman mr^ 
tJam, [t {• by no mcwu Mnnin thai it voitlil haw bevti 
*good OIK- It h <'xxr*mt\r tiii|kra^i>l>l'* vhait U whbM 
Imv« (lonlainfvl half !<o nnich ab)^ rvsfoqrriojt on tkff sa1>- 
J4VTt «i U 1A be fbnnd in the Fablo d* Uil* Bctn. But 
oiiuiri MantUi'illv Imvc i*fi«i«i] «n lagp? Wrt! m 1itf 
kiH-w kow to rwolvb 4*b«nictt*r« iotu tWr iJi-mrnt*. 
wottkl ho law tK«o >bl« to c«mUiio tkof^ rlettumts In 
ndt ft niflniier aa to mak« up « mnn. ■ i^. U^ng* li»- 
drridnal nnn ? 
Pfrka|K no pcmon cvn Kr « |»oet, ^ c«n *^im wjoy 

fpMt^, wiiliOQt m tvrtmm unnvndncM of mind, if may 
lAaofi width fr'*^ *^ twvth pSv«<(iro ovght 1o Ijo nUod ^ 
lOuMUikdMiWt By poetrj wv nKan not >t] wrilinf; uifl 
•«■», tMJf ami ftU good writing m tttvo. 0"r <ipK* ^ 
nitjcm maeHadm BBfiy fiMtrinl ;N'ra[i«itfiM< wT5rfa. no 
KhCT groon^ toerre tl» tilf^hest pnbe. By poetry 
ve»e4a the tn «f «np1m'ng word* fai #n«li a 



'^^■^^^ ~ 



I 



kui.m^ 



209 



M li» pmdiKw mL illmiuQ on the unagLiulkiiLk th* Art id 
doing by movw of *n>th nbat tlie imuhUt docv Ijp 
■CAM of colgms. Tlnm die ;;nmicM of |>octo has d^ 
icribotl ill m iin«» unhrtmlljr fljJinlrcd fur ih« vipmr 

■nd feiJCitj «f tL«ir <lictir>rt, &nj still ni^jre tuIimUt? tu 
ftCDiMUil oC tils juA ttatioii vbicli liicy c^mvcj of lJi# 



^ 1 . 


< n hvt)H f Jtli 







Thoia vn the frtutji ef ihc ** ftno fivnx)' " wlach hm 
mfcnho* ttt the jio*!, — a tiou Trvsuv dvuliU>M*i Uit •CiU 
t frviaj- TuxUi. iB(U<d, U wmkUuI tu poutry i but ii 
ii ika tmtli uf nuulttoM. Tlw rcvoniiig:^ ore jmx ; bnr 
ilw iNvmUiM 4ro &]fts AiU-r ib« Ant Buppoohiotu 
bave b«4M nude, cverr lUit^ tut^t u^ bi* <uni«tt«ntt 
but tboMllrUnip|KMiiioiif< requirv s <l«|po6of fndoKly 
«liidi vlmMt MnoLmb ta a imrtmi ua^ innpoivy il» 
nngQUk^il ai tkv inUillvCU li«nc« of ^1 pviifilo cbli- 
dna an tbu iiunt iBu^iuiliv^ 'ilie^ abaiKluQ Uien»< 
nIw wUlioot r(««nro to «vury iSutJai. Evur^ uiu^po 
lAU &> itmigly prMeMed lo ihttr iimvubI eye pro- 
ibm* tm them the fdlcct finality, Ko rhlii, whvttTcr 
bu M«uib(lkv mAj Ih% U cvor aAl^oud hr [Uialf« or 
Lmt, m M btlitf i^trl n afl*v-i««l by U)'- »tory uf i^xir Jtfd 
IMag^i^-H. iiJio kjiom dul it ii nil &!>«, Umt 
cv&iKrt «jw«k, ilm liii;r9 nn bo woIt^ in Ems- 
V«t a T|iit« ul* bnr knowMtf* tite bcJh;yai s i^ 
} *hm timilJvfl : the dvw (Hit g;i into a dork 
roov Iva iJi« ali^ukl Twl itw tut^i of tbc moiwiar «t 
btf tliAu- S«i«h u tKe dctpiMum aT the ioujpiMKioa 
tiBcaltti-stAcl m'indL 

In • pmI* •I»i« of Mcidy Mvn ate chiidnm wkit ■ 



rife 




fl^e*1«r Tttnctr <£ \dem^ It Ia tlietdbn? ba ladi a ateU 
of >M*Jctr dint w« auijr expert to And tiie pnciit^l toi^ 
panmcnl in ith hi;choit p^rfiM^iiin. In ui Wi^hl«Ae«i 
n^ there wiiL bo much uitdii|[eBo«t much cciaoc*, 
much phil£44p!u\ oiiuiidaaco of juBt cbMficBtion mod 

danre uf ^i<rM^ ami evai of pwd ones ( Itiit Iklk pootfy. 
Melt will jiiiJ;!C And coenpancE bat tbty viU not crcslft, 
X'hojr wiU talk ubuul the oM pt^trlA, und c>otniiwnl on 
ihdn, Hiul to a rortjun «]«gn« <*ijqjr tbeoi. But tbey 
wfll *nir»ljr be aU« 1o ci)nceiv« tbe c4«ct whtcii pfH4r^ 
prodncisd oa their nvicr MiOBiittn^ the Bcoayt ^^ 
oWm^, tb« plmiUMk at MiaL Tin Ureuk Biit|«»- 
dijttsi ^coocdivfc ^u PUlo, iwM •Okm raclt«i Hmu« 
witlntit &lliiig into connikiocuk Tlio Uolmvk banll^ 
ib^ tiio Ki)])ing hnifi* wIilIc ho ^lioau kit d>Mh io^g, 
The power wlikh ilie «nri(-iit bfttds uf Wales «ml Gcr> 
manyvicmjvd ov«v ihcir aupditon Mtou to madom 
nail«» almot miracmloui* Soch fmltiifcv m vary 
nrf m ■ dviHHd i>«aiitniiiity4 and inwt nro >inu«^ 
iImho who |Hirtidp*L« most ia iti improvin&aali. lihaf 
Uugor fa m cwt Mnof^E the ptmznuitfy. 

Votiry pmliiccdi »a illuivon on the eye of the Bikul, 
M * 1M^' lantiCTo prodoon «m tUiaiAB on th« «f^ w€ 
the bo^f. And, u Uie w^cic bntivii wrts b«l ia a 
durk raon, poelrjr vflectA »i4 fnvjioaw most nmplctalx 
in a ilairk »^ A% tJia Uf;bt 'if kuox-'lvtige bnafco in 
ujioQ it* exliibitiotm m th««fiiUiM» of cunaiuiy beoaa* 
iQwe ■«! nww doftiuto tad th* dwdct <jf pcobBhUiij 
iDwv and laorv (laiinct. die hi»a and UuaaoaatMa «f tlia 
phaBtona wUcb t]ie poet ralla tip grow fii!ni«r and 
fiunlar. Wo raiinot unito iha im^onaj^iiblc adTaalafoi 
if raalltj and deocplaon, the dear dannuDirnt of tnith 
ind Ika ^f^p** anioyaaaat of fip(«iaD, 



d 



XILTOK. 



dll 



ifcri** ro bv n grcM poot, muvi ^rit Womo n Knlr child 
He cQUJt lalto to plocfs the whole web of his minit 
He mu*t inil«fn mnpK of that fcnflwkHl^ vrliirh has 

ty, lJi» wry tAkrnW ws)f tir a l™Tr;iftco to liini. 
Hm iiffictihvtf will be proportitmeil to lu« pro£ci««i* 
ty in tbt ii^ii^iiitu which itra tii(hionnfilu aiDnnjt: lift 
«Otca|KTT«riva l and tliut pi^-fit'iyiirj will in |:ori-.W 
bo pm(<titikn«d to tlitt rigtriv nnd fletivit3r of JiU tnind- 
And it ifl well If, afW nli his sacrifices n>d exfrlAoiifr, 
bb irorks <Lo imiI rMCfflble a tnqtui^ Run or a modem 
mm. Wfr ha^T *ri*n in our <iwn tinMi great Tulr^tsi, 
iii<mw Uhc'iir, wtA \an^ m^ifatkm, «inp1<r^d di i1it< 
<trqgllla af(>inKt th« fpint <if llie ^e^ and VTnploy<-*il, 
«• wiU ikM nj nbtolvt^f \n vbIh, bnC witli lIuUwh 
MD«BM and ft«ble appluue. 

If tbooe FfiMoirinffl bo }v4, no povt ha» (rvff iri'- 
iunfdi<d o^-c^ grai^^r dllfirrutiios thnn ^(ilton. He rt 
«itd a InnMid vdnfniKint he vrju n |>rnfiiKnd and 
Ji|^nl fkikdeftj whnUr: h* 1^ uliirlinl all ih# mya- 
Iwiei of fUUiintcul lilenttui;: \k ^.u tiilLiiale^lr ar- 
^wnivd vitb wtrrr Isngutt^ of modem I-Curofic, ircan 
vUoh riihcT pkftffUTQ or uifuniiAtion v-tin thou Iv Im tU^ 
rircd* Hu WW pcrlii^a the oclr i^ruit puct o^ htor 
f«~in«!« whia liiia bcoR diatingni^hcd hf the rr^knee of 

- Laiin *fffi*. Th>* fsmroi of Pcirarcli ww »r«rcolj 
cf Um flm order; an^ lii* p-^vnn in tlie andeiii Irit- 
IMC*, thfiq^ nmeb pmiu^l by thfun wtio have iH^er 
rnad tk^ni, ar» wrvlchefl tumimnlioii*, Oowjfy, voTh 
■II li» adininUv wit und in,|Fntu4y, Mad little ima^na* 
lion ; iivr iibd«sd do wa tlilr^ bb clnati^l diction ccan- 
Mnbki ID ibat <if Milbnii. Th« amhorJty *.>f JoJinf«n 
> agMtut tti o«i ibM [Ktnu Bat Johntoa had tfodtod 



2\t UILTWI. 

(iitt bvl vnutn of tli« uitUli B^gm lill bo had bcr'VM 
nUiatlj iiiBoufbl« to Uie AugoMu tktf^cc, luid wu 
M ill i^ftEilifil lo jadjre lrctwc«n tWi> LttUn >tjloa«ia' 
L»UJf»Nl drunkard lu Ml u|» ine a wino^lAJiinr. 

Vifihifit:Aliuii in A dmil )aiij£iMgv i«aii ^xoltc, a &r 
fglcbud, cool/, ncki^, imilation tA' tiLit wluvJi vUi> 
irbvro max h*s found in IwaliUfol anil «|HH>tMi«aai 
pcriuctiob. The mhU on wliicfa Uiu nuiiy AuutuIks 
ai^ iu gciMnl ai ill nuttd to tho produciioA of riggiw 
Ddi nutivo [Kwtrj u tiio £vw«i^)ott of i laot-lHiuao to iht 
l^mwlli uf oak*. Thai the author ut' the PafadL^o Lofi 
■^Jt'iutil lAve vntt^it th« EjilkW ti> MsBw waa Iruljr 
wvrjdufuL NvivT bvAiru vcfv vuch DUtiud oiijtiiialitv 
and AucTi oxi^uttitv nimicj)' finuad logsvdior. Imiaid b 
all tlio Latin pomaa of Millov tlw wtifiaial cnaaiMr »- 
duponiablo la iwdi wori* U adiairabljr prvacrvad, wliil«t 
al lli« saBM tim«t hi« gentua |pvaa to llies a pectiliat 
charm, an air <if nobhrnfM and freedom, which £■* 
(ingui*h«a tkcm fi^^n all Adi#r wntingv •'^ tlk* mjq* 
ek«. lliey ronimd i» of tba arauMvicDbi W ihom 
angvlic wamun who compoatd iha nJiort vf Gabnalt 



I 




TktLJuiBaljffalfcaCftmva. AiiaVcWrW^ 
CrffliMl m»iif7, tbM4 Wik «ai <»«■'■ 

the genia* of Mdiun iMi|[irdji iitM, withont i^ai^Ung m ^ 
UliVfiav of tha |>or|^iioi)A and t#rnhl« paiMfdy which it H 
ra accualoniAl to wear. The itnootk of bk iin^gii ' 
ticm muftiph^d owf cvury ofadacU. i^ tmmo fettd 
ardotii waA ij» flra of hU mind* tfatt ^ i>ot ouljr waa 
nut aaUbcalieU Wavath ibu wi^t of fad, but 
jmod tba wfiole fnpacuiauDbcBt »•»' with ilt 
t«al aod radiaooo. 



1 



HILTOB. 



m 



li ii Doi our iuMuiOT ii> «tucii|it ut^ Uiiim; ilka t 
oo^tte cMuiiinalioii of Uiu pocuy of UUtoD. Tho 
pahJaR luM Ung been Agn^d u to tbc merit of the mort 
Rtturk&Uo [iua«K^ the iiijMtnpBr^o harmony d tht 
■umbcn, and ihi: ciceUcfioa of Uut nl/lt?, which aa 
nnX tiM b«ni aU« U> oqg*l« uid "o ^w^itt to <1^ 
pwi^ which divpUytt m iLuir hijtiMBt [>vrl(9Cltuu Uw 
idianuuic powirn of Um Engll^i uinguc. mud v> wlucb 
fvtfry AacMBit uid evoiy pio<L>ra kngua^ hat coatnb- 
Bitfd ft<fi»4hiag of £nu»> of onurgyi or of nuuio. la 
lbs twt ficH of cHliciam on which wd are oQK^n^, icH 
»iuntinibl< iva^;^ have aUtJidy pat th«ir mcU^. Tet 
ifaa httTTtti D to ahunduit liiLtt ihc ti^(lig;Bta M^rch 
■f A Alrftg(;)jii|{ f^MMue* iu«v U^ rviviirdwl wi^ « A]j«4f. 

Xb« Biuu Utiidng dunctvnuic uf th< ^uiry of 
Adilunn k thfl oxtrwxitt rvmotunen ^tlio aHocwdoni b^ 
Aiiuu uf wlikli it M4A OD ilio rakd«r. Ju efCact le pv^ 
ducel* not M luuidi Lj wh^t it expreavA. lu br wbu 
it vnggcatts ; imi m mitch bv tlie idcau vlijck it durocll; 
edofwjrt, M by OlWr icWa wUJob mro coitiwci«d ivil^i 
Ikoia. He dcGUi&<u ihic mind tUivii^h coodurionL 
Tks mot uiijuuguiauvu man miibt uiMUrMUnd tL# 
UimL Uqomc givot liim no cbgicu, and iwiuircB frvm 
hid no ^xortk^t Uii ukw tUi whok upon luiawl( and 
MM tbo ino^ in «i> ciur « IJj^-ht, t^imt it U iupottiUc 
bi Km bCmil to tbom. TIm workji of Milton cAnooL ho 
eovprahunlr^d ov fttyoyodi tiiil«M l\w miad of lh«i nul- 
tr c<H3|itfmla wilh Uutt of Uu> vrittir. Ht^ d^m not 
^nt A Soubtd picUiM, vr \ihy for a ni«r«f p«wra U^ 
loMr. Ho tkutcltc*, Aod lenvtm vUmn to GIL up ikv 
nuliocb JIa vtjiku ibc koy^iKile, Aixd vxpecU h» 
\mnr U> aAk« ooi Uio tBulodj". 

W« oftoi ^Atf of the KiagioAl uiflflttiM of pMliy. 
rhd rfpnwBntt in gfoml pBfuiA nodiiing : Wt, AppM 



jJIk 





MILTOlt 



(o iHc vTilmjp ol MiHon, it is inott 1^(1^717141^. 
|>a*tr^tcb lik; aa inokiiMioti. lU mfvit liof 1«i 
IvobvMus DMuUDg tfaun in fuoeculi finwcr. T 
would Kcm, at fim «%bt, t^ bo no morv in hin ft 
ihan in other word*- Bnl they afu wordi rf crrdm?* 
ntciit. No urtOtvr ar? they p^^no^Tlcfd, ihw the 
b ]V««mt >n<l t)i(^ fliiUnt ntar, T^mt forim of bnn 
•tarl at oncQ uili>«-ihion(v« nml *!l Ifae bfiH^I-pU^-M of 
^e nwEii'TTy giTV ap Xhvit ■IvOi). CliBng^ tko ttrodin* 
of the ■vntcncc ; <ulHtiliLtt' ^n« «ynonyine fur innthcr, 
ind tli« w)i(>|i^ effect in d«itrOT<cd. Th* sptll Iom* r 
power : and 1i« wTio aIiouM lb«n hop« to roqjnr* wit 
it wvynld find funw^lf m mnrh mittHkcn as Cusiv 
thf* Anb^-an f«!ps wWn kc Jtftod rrymg, " fVp* 
WliMt." *' Ojwn Birley," lo tbp floor w»jr*rfc obrywl n 
vnind bit! " Opm Sf^no.** Th« miWrnLbltf ftilorv 
f>iylf<]i in bk* ftli^npt lu tt^ifl*r« into litu own 
•mixv jMrUi uf tlie PiindBM Loot, if ■ rvmnHabAo 
BtuicvoT thk. 

In support of iboac otMrrmtkno w« maj 
flu£ >c«mtj KIT pa«Hf>H m the perm of Mihon k 
moro gefipnJIr known or itwrv fh^npntly rrf<iif«d 
t>if«e wbicb w* iJHk nwrf ?h*fl tnn«pp-r^lN rtf 
TVj are not ftlmiTf more «piprA|irTire nr m-^w lo^l 
dtott* than ndii7 itanMa- Hiil tT>r> at*' rbarmn] n* 
Ev«ry mw ■/ tliem n tlie fini link in ■ Iriri'^ rhajti f/ 
woriatvd mIpw, Liko tho dwdltn^^orv of 'mr Iih 
fiinry rwiMnd in manhood. Ttlro ib* vn(« of oar cmn* 
trr hv«rd in ■ flnui;^' IimJ, l)ii-j pr<'<ltir<> npfW nt mi 
•ftsd wboTly indppendmt uf ibcir intnniwc vahic. Dim 
trwufom tift Wk to ft r«flaoec pctiod of bMtnrv« 
Anothor pt^oM oi lanoag iho &n««4 ■tmkv and laait- 
«um «f m dfatat r^ipon. A diird trrr^m nit the (laar 
llmwttt refoUiH-tmat of ckiUbood. th« ocIwdI-comiIi 



im.Tx^ifl. 



«ie 



iw tlog-nred Virgil, the bolfdjij', nrd ibi prriw- A 
hmk brnng!! bdnrfr m ihf i^plt^id plMnri-mui nf rhival* 
im nMnATKv, th« tr«|>h»d liiU, l)i« eiBbrDMter«>cl hou»- 
itq^ tho qtuir.t device, ibo luuiited tbro^ tlkt 
t n ch n ii1 «d gnnlvfif, Ui« ActiL^^vntvois of viiaDaounMl 
iuvghtt^ and tbe tnil\*3& uf mcu<.-il prtnoesvo*. 

In none of the works ^rT Miltfm i* hit pccmJuir nun* 
OCT Eiic-rc hapf>tl V <li»fihlviHl llttn in t>io iMf^gftxind lb» 
PwiHTCdiOi It it i«n|>nwbl« li> ren»ir« tluC tli« bimtIv- 
udtfii of Un|[rutgc eait be brvHj^t to « tonn^ oxqnmto 
di'jgrii> 1^ [x^rtWtiM. Thone pivinvt dHI«T fmni fitJwn, 
M »l*r <)f m*« ditl«iv from onfinary row wit^ tb« 
cIcMa |»dtud cBonco fimn tlio thin Uiluiocl iniitor*- 
Tlwy ftr« bilwod not >o mncb pMtns, a« cullediuifc^ of 
Unu, frma Mcb of wbick ibc rvidcr ui u> ^llllc<^ ottt m 
fotm for himivlf. nvtrry qiittic:! it a text fiK* « niuim. 

Tb^ Comoi and ib« SArnfM>n Agonii-lefl an ^mirk* 
vhidi, tKoofrft <i Tcflj difl«Ttriit mrrtt, oflbr nnM morfe- 
fd puinlM of rnwifibbnoc Itnlh ant Ivrir |kx«eii id Iho 
fono «f plap). TIkto Uv [i^iAfM no tir^ ktrnih nf 
oolBpaaitkin ntt cucndalt)' diutojiliir u tbe di-nAia and 
iLv odo* Ttre IvfOwM of tli« dmnjatif^t i» ui kwp liiin' 
1^ 901 of li^t, kImI to lot nolliin^ a^>pntf but bil 
flafMtrrVw Ai«h:>n (u Iicattniotn nodr:« 1a hkpcnonal 
ftvl-n^ i}i« iilniiofi i« brokfn. TTi^ ■'ifi-^'l w m un- 
|4r«iant as tlut wbich M prodnrMl <ip tite itajc« Lj iIm 
nitoa of H prompter or 0^ vuttxnc^ «f a «c«ne-«kHW. 
lloKv it WB>, ih^ tlie injZvdiiM of* Ily^r^ wrv bi< 
kvl aucrwfUl jior^nnnnc**' Thvy rcuunUv tlttjoc 
p«— board f^ciutw iaretit«d bj tb« friwd <if childrvM, 
Hr. M«vb«f^. ' ^ M tfin^ moreaUe b«id gD«i 
Innid twvBt^ 111 bndtM, m^ thnt llio Mme fiiot 

ottla ottt upon t» MirfrtwvgV, from cb« ttnlCbTfii of a 
MWi III* ^m of tt judge, "od Ui* t«|7 of a bi|{0U-< 



ni 



lUl.T'iX. 



^r«rH litv &OKvri ftad ui«vr cf Harold wcta dudvnibU 
i» an itvuot. But tbi« opmiu d^ c;f:oiu«ii, ihough kul^ 
to thu fUamOt b^ ii>o in3i|uraliicin ^ th« ckI*. It >« 
pvt ot tbfi lyric pvet lORJMnckjD liimself, witkout 
•civc, to hit own Tm"'Ti'7nfi 

'•■diXTouTCd to uflto an aitnlgaimiion, but orrcr wii 
Mtnfiluiio «acce«. The tirack Dmno, on ihc uioiM^ 
of whifh iW Saiuiw wm written, ipmi^ ^nua 
O^ Thti dkle^no wu iagnAcd on dM diomui, 
palntaB/ peulook of itt dMn££or- Tlw gvnhut «tf iLi 
graiiMl of l1i« Alh«nHrt dAnatuto co-opM^itd wji 
'Ibfl cJrcumrtaiiei'ui luiiirr whicL Inmwly naila it> fint] 
|4pp«mko«^ 4£*cii;liii- ina. Iiaw) aiuJ iMwti a l>ho 
poet. la liM liuv, tJi« Gnittkit ImkI &r naM ukt«reic«uM 
Mtk tkfl Eait tlian m the daji «f H^dv ; ajid tbcir 
■^ not yet af^ired thax haxwstt^ wpcTionix in wv, 
in acmco, and in t]»e arbtt «r1iicJi, ia the fulbving gen- 
ttnikin, Inl them to trvat Uu Awtiai vith oonbcmpt. 
tJ>a tiamtii«»ol ll«roHoeuii ii 4bti«|ii m*m tbal 
Vtuqr «tiU Lookefl «p, wtOi tli« t«a«ralioa td dacjpk*, 
to BfOT* *^*^ Amynm, At ^ia pniod, accwnlin^ij, 
it wav tiatiii*] iW ib« Ubnvtura uf tiriMc« «boiU4 bv 
ti^vrltiTTKj wiUi ilia OnoiUal aty^ AhaJ tbat itylc^ w« 
Oufik, b dkttnul4a m llbo worka of TiiKlar ai>d 
i£*chyla«. Tlio latMir oAcn naniula ■« of tJi« Uvbmr 
writerk Tlio book of JoIk indeed, in cj<aidttct and 
diirtxm, bvara a c^nMiWaliU iMcmblanco 10 mdw ti 
Im drudi^ CunaiilfTfd m plaja. U» iMrlca an ^ 
•uid ; coQiidsvd aa ciloruMi^ tJivj ar« alwvc ail pnup. 
lit fur inaUfloa, wo«u«ikia Uw addrw» of Clytei 
tra to AfainaautonflnUa raanit or tbo .d«»cnpC>4ti cf 
iw avTvn Ar]pT« <hi^&, bj liio priodplc^ of dninaik' 



rife 



^ 



MS.T(yK. 



21T 



wf)litifC« v« diftll iiHilvttly roniSpmn th«in » iriOMtroBl 
itttt if wv ron[ct tJia rK&nrtcTi, and' llimk onlj ri* tbt 
povO^, w« sInJI aJviit itmt il liwi n«t-t>r beoai mrjttMvtf 

Gf«ek limm u dmiutic m vrti i^oitTi>i«iit viih tbi 
ttri^Ktl fiwm. Hit |KLrtr«lM of rviovt liftv« a tttn irf 
■Indiricr; bnt it t« thf^ efmibirity not nf a plil1dtll^ 
bnc of A bovrr-litC U «ifr>:«l4 a rm^niKkit?* ; bTit H 
4omwtiA iir^ltfCV an iiluiiion> GnrffiKlw «tl*i(ipttd to 
OEOT tliv rdbnn fitrtbwr- But it nm a la.-(k fnr bryoAd 
Jm |MvwirrT* pt-rhaj't ti^'voiiJ njiy pK>wi»Tv. Jiihtmil of 
■OfTfClio]; u'hAt 1VV4 l«cl, li* d^atrove^ nrlrai wua vx- 
cdkai. He culxiitotticl cmtrbe* for stiltn, bftd iKfiiMnN 

Hilton, it id well known. >dmir«d Ruripiilm lii^ly, 
aiath norr tii^Uj than, m our opinicoi} Evrfpidfii 
dtanntd. r»(lwd llie «i«mm ithidi this pkrlialftj 
Itob cur voanaynuit to bnt'^w on *' aad Klt-ctra'a 
pott,'" MvodniQi raniud m uf th« bfumii^l Qxnn^x of 
Mrf^lujid Uttinf- the hn^ *Mn of Bottom. At nlT 
ffmita, ihepo <«n V iw do<il>t thiit rhiji vt-oendim f«c 
tfni Athcsiifi. whftlier jvt or nof, waa InjariouB to 
ti« fiAmun AitooiuM. IImicI Mitb>n ukm ^^«f4ijlttt 
Air bb Aodol* H# would Iiavk ^it>'ji liinMi'lf D|h to Iha 
Irnc iifi(nfiLi^i, miU jiuuivd out |in>f«9ftly nit (Ik* trM»> 
vn of bii niiivi, vjtbout boBiowrne a l^''inj;:lit on 
iAah teiMtic prrTfiri«ik« wMch die namro of th* 
wvk midtivd it iiapcwiblo ia pnMCTV«. ]n tli4 art* 
iMmpC 10 rrfyinKlo tUftgx In Ut^Jr <nm naiuro inisitv 
vi^mt, h<^ ha« fii'fd, » «vi*ry one p\*r AiHt hftiY faS«d. 
Wa aabot iijimtify onnf^hY* -wiih Uio charariers, u> in 
t ^ood play- Wv i^ifKii idvniify oiiiWv« with (He 
toA. «» m ■ pMxl odv. Tbo ccuiflicting itq^r«di4Vil«, 
ikv ui Mwl Bod ■» ■Iksli tniccd, nontnUac tttdi oUk«r 



fL8 lULTOd, 



thfaf 




Vr« vu by ttf> iBCAiu lnftMuiU« lo iKo monls of 

gnHccftil and pftthtftic *ol(?iMi>Qr oif tlic opMing ipoecbt 
or tlw wkUI ftml barljuic tiwkidy wludi |^T«t to «tHk- 
iji|l nil vffeel to Uii; ubural ^HbKkf^. But wa tbuk iti 
wc conrM, tbit loMt tuoMrfiil c^n nf ibo 
MUlon* 

The CooKU U fr«mcd aii the model of ih« fl 
Uuquo, u tho S«nuon ii ^iwl on iW raoHol of ^ 
Gfv«k Tni^tfdy. It i» c«rtani]y %h<^ tiMtU pcrfamm 
ftikTo of lli» kind whacli ^ILUU ia aoj knguiif-a. U^ 
is ju fv MiMnuc u> iliv FKtihftil SIwpliftilM, ai >^><fl 
Fiitlifui Stwyb un kw » lo Ui« Auinlmi Q<r thv AMunta 
lo tito Tutor Fiitou It w wlU for Miltoa Urai hm 
hod li«c« no Evripidw to mfal^d Um- Ho ttode^ 
Htood Ofid lovod tJte tiunnir««f modem Italv. But 
tto did nut fr>H for it iJi« Mme Tips«nik>i vlucb hv 
KUlfTt^ivrd (ur ili# rviMBA of Albcnw vf4 Konui 
piicEjj, ct^nvcrmlnl by so nuuiy IoAt ukI widnring 
tv^^ociiuRt. Ti^u Ikullx, D)oricQi'ur» of lik llalaai 
pndooowini v--vn uf « kind to which hu nind hud a 
doidly Minpathy. H<^coulditoiiptoapi«iD^ylo,Mv^ 
lims ct«n to a baU Myle ; but ikfcio brillianor wu 
ku nOor avctniNk. Uu mmvi Iwd n* ntyvtkm to a 
nuMi atlira; but «Im luiikcd i*:i}i dit^wt ftocn ibt 
fibufj vf Ouariiiii as tawdry mad d paJiry a« tbe n^v 
af a cbiainoy-4VB«|Hjr «n Uay<dAj. Wfcai«v«r mn*- 
moau «lia ntvn an of oiaa>lv« pAd^ not o«ly daalii^ 
to tbv n^ti bui cojiablu of atanding tba Mraroit (cat 
of ibir cruciUo- ^| 

UiltoQ attended bi tbe Cooitu to tho 4&tbet£aS^ 
wliidi bo afUnrards tvgjoctfd in !hr SaAKtt. JIa 
■ladv bia Maa^oa ivbal It ongltt Iv om wsaHially 
yiioal* Miv3t dia/natie o<dy Lit •anUancak Ua bai ooij 



1 



MSLJOM. 



219 



wSXami ivd a ^HuUm etnigi^ agjunt h Jefwt inheratl 
ta tW lULttm of lint efnadu^ ot' ooinjiotdtioiii and ht 
bu Utcnifbvv nicoo«dod, whcrorcr suonms w» mt iv- 
posBiUd. Tb« Kiwecljcf a»fi be rv^d t* ia^jo*Uc >oHW 
wiuici; and hn wlm no rotii di«m will bo eniftpiuixd 
^Uh llMiir vloqu^tii,^, tlftrir ^ublitiiUj', «tiJ tli«ir miuiu 
Tbv iiUcvrupiiuw oT tkv diab^ijei bowvvvr, unftLVw ■ 
f ooionpn; U]>on tbv Vfrtt4)r« And bra&k ib« illumuE of 
tia^ raftdftr. Tbo tint^t pumgCE^ ftro Ukosv wUcb ftre 
Ijnc in rorm a$ well u lu Afdnt> **1 should mucli 
oomnKind" FAvt iho cx<N4icni Sir Hoai^ Wotton ui 
• ItftUrc to MiiUJii, *^l)ic Irapcal part if ^« Ijricftl did 
uU rftrid) mo witli n fetiAui Dorique dolicncv in yoor 
•oi^ uid oriv«, wki^r<]un(i>, I miuit pUittly coiiiot* to 
)x^^ 1 biru SH^i rcl nutLioi; jukinllul iu uur Unaw^cv^" 
Thu criticuin w jimL jt u tvhm Miit«u ««ca|k« 
ftrna tho AliacUi« of ilw dlalogvoi wlwi lio ia dii- 
chvyod fitim ilio Ub>>iir of aaitlnf; two incoagnwui 
Sly lc». wbRti he M jU lJbe«lj to indiilgc ii« chorvl rs|»' 
fut«i wiih<>ui nuums tliAt ku mM «v«n abcyi^ liinueilt 
Tlvetu li^c bU own gpod Gctuuf banting fimm tkv 
«utUy Jtfmi «i>d ficvdn of Tbjnu, Ut iUodJt fortb ta 

ki «kta« tke wrtli. t<> *o«r AV>ve llie Houdv, lo b»lk» 
a tl» Bljvui flew of iLa niobow, and to inlttls tkv 
Wmjr mimU* of nftni ft'»d <Mu\a^ vhioh ibo oiixaky 
vuids of Uitf «q>bjT vcmtt^ thrvu^i tliv jisdai^ mUujs 
■f tkt Uspuridv. 

Tbofe «ro wTcnl uf iIm ninor poonu of BdUua dd 
irUeb we would wilUngil^r tooji*: % ftw nmmA^ StH! 
IMTV willing)/ W(4iU «-c csTtrj- into a delailod ^xwin* 




IIILTOir> 



Clcfl of tkkt ftdnlraMA lyMn, the ParKluft Ri>i;Ain«4, 
wliirtu AtnLnjfflj vnoi^fH, ii fv4Tcely «T«r nkcDlknad 
•xevft » ftii JiuUuii^onf tht liltixInsMor tl»*|«rviit«i 
MiTtfOtioti Mrkicli m«ii uf kHvn b«v towiinlH Ibe off 
vprJng 1^ diMr tntdliMrti. That MfTlon n-m nuttakm 
in pffelbrTJiig dik work, excellent m it i^, lo tb* Pon- 
dlfto Ui»i, wfi rMcfil^ ft4ml% 6«U we uv sure chat 
tltc iinpcrigrttj <€ the Pamdiiie Lott to ihe PwIbm 
Kj>^amocl ift nol umit* (tended, ihftn tlk^ hiifH>n«irtir of 
ihff Fmbse Rc^^ned lo ifvery ponn which hv fliiie« 

i» fpRn iliiruvMiii; th« poiirt at lun^. Wu haitefl 
on to tliol vxinuiHuuin- productim whidi the ^^■'^'^ 
rotfrngo of cniioi >!»« iilocod i« llio haghovt cUm of 
lium&n compoefctiuiu. 

Thfl only poem of modem tiTn«A whirh ftw be eiaat*. 
piorod with thft PinuK^n I^^t U tU DiTina Ooivkvdy, 
Hm Mibject cf UilUin, in virne pcaiUti pe tM ntJed tW 
of Dint*; bnt be h« trvaiod it m a widHy differwil 
ffUkMr. Wft <»inoC wi» iKink, b*Uttr lllwmte «iat 
ofrinlon Twptdin^ unr own gTMl povt. thnn by oon- 
miiin^ him wiih th* liibv of Tnmn Uunmm 

TU lioocfj «f Mlkfrn dftn from tlui of Dvitc, w 
the hkffogiyphka of Bgrpt dtflmd frooi iho pirtvrtb 
irritinit of Mcxioa. The innigMwtiirh !>uiii> amffioyw 
ip««k for IbonuwdTMs ihtj rtnikd «;in]Jy ^r whu Hif 
•r«w TliMo of Milton faaro m v^6cmtM€m whteh ■ 
oftva diaenmibU onl^ <o tlw huiiitvd. TMr wjao 
doponda loM oil whaH Uwy din^tJy r^reieirt Ihu on 
what lliay retaDtdy vogE^- Hcnrtiviv itfttiifr, bov> 
aver grg«GV|aD« imy hi tlio appcondlM whidi I>iDl« 
lyilliff^ih^ lo dneribo, Iw uevcf tMulv fhw iloM^b* 
Vg tL Bo |^v«B ui tbo ihapo, th« oolMir, tlie lotiiwl, 
ika ittoU, tbfl Uile; ha coont* thtt miQfibtn : l>a in#*» 



^^^^^^^^ 



I 
I 



I 



«tLTOtt, 



nn9 tfae whm. Jin idnilnt ttn lit* Qliutnttir^n* of i 
lni«UM% Uiililci^ (}ii>^ ^•t' u^hvr fxwbt, Anil f«p«cbI1y 
of >IdNin, tlK7j ATO iqtruthirwd iit * jJfthi, bntinc««'fiLQ 
Euannet ; no« ^r ih» wk<i of tmj U^uiy in Uio nbjrcti 
iWim wl'Ich tfi'.'T are dnwn ; bta for th« 9Lk« of tnjr 
ucnanovt irWch tbfr mnj hnjmrt to the p<»rTn; hirt 
flcnphr in <wlff tn znnkt tins mi^ninji; of th^ ttnin 
■» tWr to tV" wfl'l'rr n* if i* tT> limiw^T T>i* niitn 
nflho ptocipi™ whic4i fed from tlie uith to tile WtftntJi 
CvvW of KqII wrro lOie ilio** <if tfi* Mck whikli ftll into 
tbv Aili^ on tbo south rf Tpmt. TV m^urict of 
ndvfE^on WON \iki! tlut mf At\iin C.h'tM at i]tc nom 
muity ct Si. BotwiUcu The pliic« witen tfao Iicreft^ 
^«ra cofil!ii«<j in burDing Mobft r»4miU«<l l)w vttM 
C4Qif4ttiT of AHw, 

Naw Irt n* rnoif^re wiih ih*! ^tt/i (letalN of Hani 
Ibft dhn iniimadom of Mitlvin. We w|U cite m fci 
dunplvk Tliv Hoglith [ravt hai nm-cr tho^ight 
liking tJi« EMutiro of Stttni. H« gl^'n it^ nierv^ty a 
irigiM idvK of vait bulk* Id onu |««u^ tliu Jicnd 
H«i «tmcM o«ii hngQ to knglli, flonimg nunj' ft rood. 
tnptai In i(n to l)io Mf^i-bora cticmfcn i:f Jovt% or to 
Um M!«>4n«njter whirH the fnarifiPT mL*tik»i lor im 

Ihai i^Hiait sn^Hs H<* ninri^ y,\tk T<-npHlt ^ Afin: 
faj* Btittirv ruxcliM tbu ilr. Coiitrut wiih tlip« fl<^ 
Kitptnottbo lino* in tvbich l>viti> haji di-M-rilwd lf>r* 
flf0gttk fpc^trv of Nlnroii *^ Hii A^o swnHd to qM 
m IcHiK «Jid u Waul H> tl» bofl of 6t, P«tor'« at 
BuRws nod lin oehw limln •rw in jirrnportiefi ; vo 
ihm 1I10 bcnVf vhSch f^^Mftled him front the wafrt 
itvnwnrdi, i»ef«flbfrlcM Kh<yirrd mv mivb of litm. ths* 
lkfi« tftll GtnnuLH wiHkkl to rdn har«* «ltffii|itfil t« 
•L hb Mr." W« Wt« MMibk tli«l w^ dn m 



2^2 



mi^jvji. 



jtM'\t» to th^ ftdnirabLc rtrle of tSc Flarcntui« poet 
rtiit Mr. Cu7*« IruulfttiOQ lA not at hinci; ftoJ «nn 
vcrvoa, iiiyir«rrcr rude, k fufficiettt to Alnitriltf 

Oitue inur^, coiupttr« Uw bnu^OttM in die 
l^j«.k of tliu I'AnulDv L«t widi Uw hrt vrvd oT llnt^ 
bolgo in J>8ni«. MUion »vpida iho lo«Uiioiiie drUiUv 
aiiJ uk» mfiige La indiaiiiici biu aoLuui md mnMn- 
doTjft imifceryt Dotpur burrjini^ftoai cowdi ta«(viidi t: 
luiick iho wrou^bcH with tin ftUc-niUnofi, Doftth ftKikinft 
bb d^irt on^r lliern, IjuI, in rf>tt« of «|^licAtiou% iWmj* 
inf£ la Krikc, Wh.U kavti DiQta * *' Thrre vm nci 
n lutjuii th««« 01 tbex* would b« if w\\ ibo lOck wbo^ 
bcEwvriL July and Se|ttvinl<-r» oitr iu (li« huipilftU of 
Vuldidiuiis, nod uf Ihv Tuscjm jwiiiajtn, ond td Skt^ 
dinb, wvnt in on« {jnl togotlior; ond i^icli o sMocb 
WW frtmiug forth tn b vront w Wuu frooi dMojvl 

Wc wiD DoL l^e upon ouraplmo tlifi invidJon Ma 
of Mtllin^ prvcodeDCj botwoon two vaeh writOTi^ Eofth 
ill liin own dtfpartiiioiit it incomptusbW ; oiid G*cb, vo 
moy raiDflrk, liaa vimIj, or Conuiutoly. Ukoa a oab- 
jocl adapud to cxUfatt ha* poenlkr talent to ibo gri»t 

nAmaivu. DMte ia the isyc-ynutm^ tad oop-vitnoa 
t^ t!^*t whick Iw roUtc^ Ilif U Uic vorj mvi vbo hai 
biwrd ll)« tomuniod ipirii* cT^4g out fnr th« Mcecid 
deoik nrlio liw n»d ikc dinky cbvnctm ou tho portal 
within which ihore m no Ini^te, wtio bfti biddua hii &co 
frind tho bjETOn of tha Goq^uo, wh'> lik« (ltd 0\im lh« 
h(M^ ond tbe Matfauig pitch uf Bortionocio wnd Dra^e* 
bigmsw- Hk owq bndi htTo fflnp t d tko •bifxj 
ddi» of Lueaftr. Hi* own ftet h»To oljnbcd iln 
wummma ti «spifttio(i< Hb own brow 



I 



J 



WLTOX^ 



SSfl 



Uin>«r «u4l> such ■ biJe ia iucrcdulcua dicgoil, idiJom 
it w«Ft9 loid uriili tW Atr^n-;^ iJr of Tunettjr, wjtk a 
•ubrietj tvma 'at lU buiroT*, with tLe ipotlevt pro- 
cnoa aiul titaltip&it)r in ito doiuln. The nanrntiTO 
gf Milton in thb nffpoct dj%n Gwm that ttf Dantm m 
tlic Adv«uUire« of AnuiliH OiiTL-r froio those of tiulliivr. 
Tlie lulbor of Amadii yrt,n\d bare niAde hji book 
liiUcDluut if Im U*d intn^Uiicwi thi^e miMuW pardcu* 
1ar« wbirli 2ii>7 «ik1] a ofaanu to thb wurit of Swift, 
tJ»e uftotMoJ ohtiu-radou, Uto a^ioil dclictcy atKiut 
Duoi. iha otflcidJ ijocuiawca tnoMnUvd at fuU l«u^th, 
■iul«U Uw raUBuniiif go«p and &oaiuU1 of the ouurt* 
qxringictg ottt of nMhisgt aitd tending to notfaing. Wo 
tr? not ahockrd at hmg loJd tJiat a lAaix who hvfd, 
pofacidjr Ic&oiin vrben, m^ mrbj tcsj «tmi|te *i|^itt| 
■ad «nD can cMity ahamkoi oumJTfM to tha iUupm 
ef Uw ivnaix«. J3ut i»lwn Lvuiuvl Quflivvr, »ur};iMi, 
.wiiinl at RothcrJutbo, toJls ua vf ii^^^iica aiid i^antai 
it34ng bhUHU, and pdiiloMpLini>g JiorMi, nothing but 
mil ciicuuvtaiukl t^uchun could prodaoo ibt * aqgl* 
vumenl a docqtdon on the imagiTLation. 

Of all tba poota vho bavo jnlrrxlnc^d into ihdr 
ivoriu ihcs Mgtttej of mpvmalnral bnnf^ MilFoii hai 
■Dcceeded bttL. Itcre Uanlc decidedly yirldi to him t 
and a* thia la a point on which wanj n«Ji a»d ill- 
«dnaiilarvJ J«i%iMiitt Itavt^ bow |in:«iu<inwd, «« fnal 
boUned to dwell on it a UttJo lon^^T. Tiio mt»t &I&1 
which a p^fta <ttii foiilbly roniiait Ui tbo mana^^ 
of bii macfciogiy, is ibat of oiteinpthiv to phlhM9> 
i^M too aincH. Uttton ha« been often ocmmA ftr 
wcrihing to ajurita many Ainetjom of whk*h ffuriii 
MoM bo inoapaUc But thcae ohjeetkma, thomgh lano 
tiooad bjr anbant name*, or^natA, wa veninro to aa/^ 
a prvfoovd ipioawe* of t^ an of pooiTT- 




Wh U rt •jiril T Wli»I •!« w«r own nttn^, tK* po«* . 
**i>n gf -f>inl wH)i i»}""r)i "f bt* 1>wt jtcqiiMiiir^d ? W«l^ 
obM^rre rvrtniii p|]afaum«iui. Wt cwictut uipbin tWi« ™ 
into tnaicml nviuoiik Wo ilwrdbro iKlbF ttmt rlii>Tf 
nim Mteelliht* iHifdb li not itttUnla]. But of thii^ 
lonething wv )«ir« tm idn- We nn itefiiM it mlr ^ V 
nflj^ivM. Wo mn rnavin aSmnt it onir by n^mhoh. 
W* 11^ Iho wotd i but w* lini* nn ima^ <if iSo '''^'Wf 
•od tAie tmiuiei of poriry it with tina;-^, and nul wflk 
word*. Tho poM isKA wonL< inilrail ; but Ihrr (Uti 
mot^ly lh« tntflnnnmts of has mi% not t14 <<1f|-.s^£t. 
TImy ATV tho malBtwl* wluidi ko b to i&puw in K»cb 
M m«iniiTr w to prcA<«it t pcian» to tho cn«fl»l 470, 
Aivl Tr lliey 4ro not m jJifpoaetL ibey are 00 Mion 
rrnhV-d 10 be (^bIIhI irvtrv tbvi a hJo of maw and 
ft bocr nf coloim ti^ ha> ttHM n fttinbv^^. ti 

tj0gk3>n« mjir r«tt«o«t aImhM ftb^tAcHoiM. But tM' 
(Crvat iihuo of dha mtut hare imair^^ The AtrMin 
tpndi-nry «f |||« muliifixto in all agpfl and rtatkoM U^\ 
Idnlj^iry can be ei^iVjIiinl ob 110 uthor priociplo^ Tba 
tint inhikbHaiit* of ftrooer, thar* Ja hmmni 10 Mieno, 
wonblpfwl ono InrMblo Dtkr. Hm tho iwccMity of 
bfl^^ aonwihlnif MOf« derfSnite Ut adun* prudawL; in 
« fuw fvcitorm, tbif iii«itmcvahh> crowd of Q<ib amd 
fIflddaMaa* To hkti manrvr ihn :iTkriri«t Prraian, 
thonght 11 ifRpioiw lo r^Mbil th« CitqiUir iiimW 
Itilhiaii Torm. Vol t^rvn th««ft 1nuul«rrp4 to Uw Suflj 
llio wonlii|i wtiKh, in i^wcMklioni thvy conndorad 4lu»| 
onir i'< tlw Snpraiw &Iiitd< Tbe UifWry of tS« J««t 
b tlM tvcuni ol' ft coiitinnAl itruffirtD bulwiHin p^irr 
Tlivivii], >«ppfatod 1>v tibo moit torriblij MnctMtiA. and 
lite nrangoijp Anohvitbic doein of havins «oaiu viiihlt 
md tui|[ible ob^ of odot«cion. P«rhaf« noDfl of Ow 
■ernndarv omuoi wlurh fHt>bo«k hu awipn^ tOc llit 
npiditj with wlricli CtinMiasiqr <vr««d on* tbo w«rU, 



id 




rrvAl«L| Uib iiieiiiu{*rvbv£ui\iW, ih& biiiaibJiN atUicUid 
few wankifpciv. A plutuaoplicr migl^t ttdmirv m 
noble a oaTici:[>&on : but tbo cro^d turnod ^vray ui 
dttvwt Jrom woccIa wIucIj prettiDUi^ no iiosjip to tbor 
mitidt. It trM bdbre Deity embodied in a bixniAii 
Ibna, vp-aUiiig u»«ckg uun, jj^rukiii^ i:if Uivir utfirm- 
ilw, ivuuDg ou tiitiir tto«um«, ^ifvpiji;[ utu tLttr 
gE«TMt ihwibvnBg in tbir uniiii^, blucnJiug on Um 
av», tl^ lIm pTAJHiLvis v[ Oiv SvDAgv^ue, aim! tU* 
donibcd of Uie A<uiU«ajr, ntid tUo priJv uf tliu puiiioo* 
■Ad tlw fiwo w of the Uctor, &nJ ilio tuonit of Ujirt^ 
Itfiona, vr«TD liuuiblvd ia tlio du^t. &om^ jtiW Chm- 
tkuit/ lij)4 jurbicved iu triocatJi, tbc principle which 
bad iitt'f'T^ il bt^f^ui to com^pi it. It Uvjiaa a nmr 

lloU Kwlk St. Qoarffv touk dii; (iIacu pi' Man. Su 
£faiio coqhM tbu DurioftT for tlia loss of CnAir tiul 
Pollux. The Vlrj^t Mi.tii«<r and CtfctUn BwooMded to 
V«niK An4 tl^c JkiuHK. Tbc ^citutiun of ttA mini 
liwiJiflcn w«a Again joiwd ta that c<f rd^altal dl^Tiity; 
nut tlie boiM{c« lit' cliivalry u^ju bl(ijL<lvil ujtli thai of 
tvli^^m. Bcdormcn liaTc often made u ^tand. aipuwt 
lLi»M fiwlioi^ ; tint ut\*^ witii irujn; iZutJj ftp]>an:ut aniil 
l^rtul mpcwu Tha intu «!ju <kiuu]i4li4«J tlw uuagk» 
in CjUAodimls iia^o not aliray* but-n nUlv i« tlMinifk 
tbufto vlUcli vuro ciuhrlood in ilimi: piml*- It wqiiLeJ 
Dot bo iBActilt to *bovr tluiL in |>ultucf ttw sanb« rulv 
hold* £ood> Doctniioit vcc arv afraid, mnot goiiornlljr 
bn «mbodie<l buforo t^jr am 9%nXc a Klroitg public 
iiilakQ. 'lbs muhitndc ift vot^ «wiljr lAtcnM^Ki fbr 
tbo mutl uJru>f«tiiii(f badge, or the most bnf^niiicAni 
immot ,ihaa (^ ibu am^ iwt«rt«iit |ajwpk 



M( MILTOSI. 



4 
I 



Ftod IhcM ^oiniulontiaiw, wo bfcr that no pnat, 
«bo aboitU affect tbat inQUpbTfricsl accurncj for tli« 
waatofwhMi Alilion Iia^ be«n blaxin:^, wouM vrap* 
I i^Ngnicd^i] fiulntv. f^till, hnirevrr, there w «bAthiv 
ntcvtmey which, tiimigh hr liw (Ltngfrrncii) ws< ■!« 16 
W iToidod- Th** ininf(iiiAlioit9 of men mre tn m |[rMrt 
nMiatQ under the ocuiti^ ot'tbdrofiifticim. Tb« mc^t 
•aEqtiimte nrt of jie'^icaI ci>ioinring can pKdxtc^ no in»<- 
Ifoit, when It El employed bo rrpnawut iIhI which \t at 
«n(» petrcvlvccl to ho itic<ngniOTif and ahfortL Milton 
wroM In an ago of |>hik4ophcn and tbcologiant. It 
WW nMfaoaiT, there&n;. fer him to abaiain fnrai 1:1^^ 
mch aalinclE to Ihrir utiJcTTiundinfC" a^ might broak 
tba chann wlkirh H wa« his ^Jttct to thnyir vrtr thnr 
bcafpnalMfifL Ha* h t)ie real «ipIaDatioi< c/ the tn- 
distiiictncv and iitronioitciiCT «ith which hv bas often 
iK«n rvproacIiML Dr. John«on acknowMgoa dial it 
VM abtolutdjr necoawY thst tho ^ynnt ahould bo 
doth^d with mai'^rial form*, "fiat/" nrn h*, ■•tbo 
poet idvtild harv AMmred tho (cnaiaiL-ncy of hit mbntt 
hj kr^fai^ tromfttrrialitr out ctf nghu and vpthipnig 
the Tvadn- to dr<ip it fmni hit thnnghtiu" Thk k 
cwdlraaid; but what if Mihon could nnl twtnco hb 
.^ndan to drop tmnrntvcialiiy tram thor IbotagblaT 
What if tbv coDtnr^ ofdaaon )iad i^on m ftiU a po^ 
flrafliaiiDf ibominils of n>pn w» to Invo no roon otwq 
fcf tho half bdief which pocVjr i«i|ttlns ? Surh we 
nupoct lo hare bc«n tho caac- It vm bnpoiaililo for 
tibc poM to ad«fit aliD^Cfilicr the material or the ianaift- 
leriat m?(-ns, fift therefore took }m stand on Um 
dehataUe ^rnaiul. H« Wl lb« wbolc in »mh%:iifq', 
6e bai, tlouhtlen, bj m dobi|[, Ud tiEmMlf ofKU lo tho 
chargu of uioorrastcticj'. But, though pbikoapbicallj 
hi tbf wrmg, wa rannot bflgi baSove tbat bo ww yotiti- 



« 



i 



MlLKnE. 



22} 



hln* Tb« [>ecu1Iv art vliidt he pusMeaed uf coto- 

tktn lift ekpfV^^, cdibW him tc <h2yaiM those? tn- 
nra^rtutitf whicfa be could not avoicj. 

Fflvtry whic^i t»lai«» to thv bvingn or another worM 
•Q^t to b« Ai i>nr« myvtortuuB and pcvtunsoqnc, 
H&t of Miltutt w flo. Thai of Dante h pi^t[ir«»^D« 
imlMd b«7pnd K}y lliat er«r w wiitle^. Ixn clf^l 
■pprvachvi 10 lint prodiif^H hy the petkctl or the duntl. 
But ft i% pocUin^uA to the rau-ltiuAin of aTI mj^ur^. 
Thi# In • fitull no thfr right fti'^ * fcnit liw«>pAr«h1e 
frimi the pina of I>ant«*s p^ifnit -^ticli* s» we h^re 
■JrvBilv obaenrvil, i^mtcrvd th« aljiioait A^^rftry of 
■JMcn|i<kin itii>c««i9rj. Still it \t » fiinlti TI19 wp^r 
ratttnl of^nifl uxciie An iittvr^Bt ; hui it U ooc th« ti»- 
t«rott which tf proper to topenuuvrvl it^onu. U> fi)*I 
lint wc ceald calk to ihe ghwifl find diFraoiu without 
»iy vtDotion of »infarth]ir nwft, Wc Malil, Ilk* 1>mi 
iran, ftik thctn tn tnpprr. Ant) rsit hmrlifr in ihnr 
Trnii^nr. Dftnlfl^ aiifcel* are g™^) m^r. with wtngs^ 

inen trv atvrtly livtni^ bwa in itrBD^^c tiluatkint. The 
wtsoo whicli |4Mtt h<'twi*en ih« pr^^K And F«nna;A U 
iosilr ce1cbnt«il- SlUI, PorinatK m tha humiiijt tomb 
' V whftt Purinaii w<fM twve b^cn at An ttvU/ da 
^ rh]!^ CAA lie more toncUng tlnn the Hnt micf> 
view 4l' DAnie nnd It^Afrire, Vet vlrnt U it, W a 
lo^5 weniAD rhScCng, vilh svrrti Auntere eon]|iMarr, 
the hivcr far whoM tlF^ion the i» gnti^), Wl 
vhoM vicKA she rvprohittis? The &<4jii^i which 
C^tv tbe |Mi>e» itJi chArm woqM vuit Ui« aUtcIi of 




ox- M 

■tatt'l 



239 MILTUS. 

l-^Ioiv-Mfe » ui<U u Uie ratomU of (1m Mmtai of Pur 
pitorj- 

The apidu of MiJcon m unltko llwno ri «]mo*t «]| 
etikcr vri:«rA. Ha fi«n^ ia particvlar, tfo wooderibl 
ci«^Ai»i>ut. Thi^^y vo not meUphyaical ■hirtrmctWtWi 

llkvy Imw DO Ituroft iiv uU«, uouu of Uw Gw^&w^qui 
of Thaw ami ICE^iwGock. Tbvy lave jut laiou^ vn 
cuumon HiEh huuuo uainjo to bo iitteUigiUo u huBkaa 
bcjn^ Their olionctcn are, lilsc ducdr fbrau, mArkod 
b^ ft nfftun <Uro iv«iunbUnoo u tWo of mcsL, but ox- 
•mtOiBlt^d to i^jp,a^i: dioiOttiloiu, aod vgjJvd in inj«* 
bnrknu ^oom. 

]n«r « ooiu|mtiaOP with Ui* su^ivU ukI livviU vl' Miltm- 
TIm B^b of liio AtLonkn imd^ ic wd Imvo naHrked, 
Mmothiag of Uw Ori^nul diaracUir t ud tbo Mii»e 
(weuiAriiy imj bo tncAid In bia K^Uiclogy, Ji W 
noUiiBg uf iWuutti^Aad vlt:^3uictt whjdi wogcDcnl* 
(^ Aoi la t^ en^Mvlitkuw ot' (inx-co. All u ni^ggod, 
CiwUtnio^ ami coloflKl Thif l«jccodA of JWhjlui H-ea 
W liAnnmiaA Iw with the fragnutt jcrovo ond grvcoful 
ytttUn^m ui wliick iii> countrj'iiivu ^$a^ Ui«ir ifvw> W 
lilt Q^ ^ Lijclit ftud GoddoM uf Docols tliu wUh 
itKH? Ihico Mid groiv^uo kb^-rtiuli* of ccuniol giuUa 
ui wlJcJi £g)r[A tfuhiiiioii bor injriuc Ofllri*. or in 
wVich Hindrwiaii AtiQ bow« down lo W «cri<i*-lmyU 
.d»U. Jill luvnuri«4i godiftro ihoM of tkcdtWgOBcc^H 
I'oii, tlia aoiu of harran vtd oftrtL, roii^Artd whlifl 
irbacii Joptttr bnaMJT wm o «triijlii]|t »nd mn u|«t4Tr, 
th« )Pe>Dbc TilAM, and tLo ivtoxDimbto Fuiiir*. For^ 

wwtiMn, Iiolf riond. IiaY rodiwiiH*, l^ Bad erf' 
iho «iittan md io^kcaiblo «n«^ of ^ri^o. £j 



I 



1 



»I1.T1^. 



£» 



«i«Ui«> biMTk undoubtetUy r cotuuluMbla tmrntittnc* 
{a ibta Stc&ji uf Miluio* 111 botli wo find tLu smu jbi- 
F«<ka»nj of control, Uie soDie ferocity, tlio snaio utioon* 
i|aonible pncic. fn botli dumclon abo an minted, 
tJioogh in very clil&ranE )>n}pOTlionH, socis kiiie) uid 
g wi CTo ia forlaiig*. ProtnMbnnA, howror, in ItardJy 
w|WiniiM flnougk. H« ulk* too biucIi of ^na clwJiu 
ukl hU annuij putfups; Ue i« mtk«r too tnucli il«> 
j c— ti nod agiinuNl, IIm nsolsdott Mvoit to dopcvid 
o« tlie kiiowl«JfiQ whSeii h^ poootfcs tint he boldi ibfe 
Ikiu of hk toratrar In hti lumlh, and that the hoMt of 
M* ra)oa«0 will Mirvlj ccni«, Bnt Sattn is « crMtnre 
nf «iiatJbor apboTCk Th« miKhl of lui intBllartiul tUM 
tnro M TiciohoiBi ovw tlio ^Alivniitv oi' ptirt. Aimtkt 
■ffctinn which comiot be oviirtrWinl wiUi«it htirttir, \m 
lUibtfflCa, pwlJvm, and ov^gn exvJn. Againftt ilitt 
twetd of Miohaclt if^mt iLo tiiundtT uf Jahii:rx-iiht 
■ipiiM iJic fluntng Uki% nr^il the nurl burning witli 
idlid flret oi^nut tbo proflpect of An ^tomiij or unin- 
1omift«d tti>^t Bu apdrit boor* op nnbrokro, rarititg 
oa Ua i>irn innalo ooor^OV, roquiriiLg da iiipfion from 
an^r tifin^ vxtisnal, nor vivi fnmi ^upv itiMlC 

To rttnni ftv « nwmont to the patnlkl wliicN «• 
teV9 boon ortMaptii^ bo draw botw(!<on Mlltoo uul 
Dmeoi «« would odd tlu; the p<^(^ *3f those put 
lam boa in a r^nmdrrahlA dogma tokim iu diaroRtor 
frna UiHr mora] <]tialtfiCT, Thej on* do! <f;ollala.i 
Tbaj rmrelT obrudi^ their idionifTicrajdcai oo ihcar rood* 
ua. Tbojhavu iwlhiii^ biccwmou with ihooo OKxUm 
taim^UB for bnav, «L^ exturi a pt:t&c4.<o fivm tbe oouh 
isaboti oT tho it)catpori«fic«id b^ oipgeing tho nolcod* 
wH4adoorcoDf ibebrabdo. Vet ft wooM be difficult 
a none two wiitfta whooo wot^a bavo boon most con* 
tU^y^ tbooHJb nndeinjcn^dlj, cotourMi by iMr par- 



nv 



UlLTOS. 



The ulunclcror Milton wu peenGaHx dkdngnvbfd 
bj loAiMM of apinx; ilal of DnnM hjF intm^y <if 
Kstttinf^ In t-rtry hat ot ilic Diviiu- OiiiKdj wo lU^ 
c*m tlio MpvriiT wtudi b | oyHliiofiJ bv j^rid* sim^Uit^ 
wiili mifcfj, Tbvra b pt-rkifji na wovk iii ibv vgfhl 
fo dovply and nnilbmiljr tarrowful. 11m Pkclincliolj 
of DuM was iu> Ikacfldtk; caprirc* U wu noi. aa bf 
■I At thk dktanoe of ^inc ran be jndlgnl, iIm dRvt of 
«(b>mti CTTCBiiMuiau. It wsi firoiM «iUiin. KdiEMV 
lore nor jilorj, neitkfrr ttio conilirt) of ovtli nor iIm 
hflpa of hcATfA cciiiU cUfpd it. It ltini«tl «n-«ry cofvo* 
]MUun inU «very pioMurv into iu own natitr*^ ll t«* 
•vmblv-il that noouoof SanluiUu »«dl of viuai Um in- 
taoM Uuoniav m sud 1o bav« btvi pntiqitiblo rven ui 
lla bcnM^. Hit tntnd yn\ En tb« n^ble lingua^ of tb^ 
Kebrcw pocU '* r UiuI ^^f <lATluin% ju dnrkni^u iudf, 
Uhl where Ui« light ww *» darknt*^" TIk^ |th>on cf 
U» chuvTber ilisfoloun ftU the pa^iiom nT mvo, onit all 
lb* Bob of nalur»,«nd tingM wLib it* own li«^ hn» 
Ui« fltmnni uf PaiwlJM and tlw ^turkM uf tbo iTCcrral 
tlirono- AH the poTtrmiu of liim o^ nn^i^hrly chv 
ftCL^riillc. Ko perrai caii loolc on die fmtufva. nobb 
ercd to raggedttoB, ibd «bHc liimnn rrf ihc rbMlt« ih* 
biggvd uid woU ittf* of ibo (>y4^ tiwf mllon u>J coft- 
tvDpliMU* cnrvv of tbe Up, ukI JuuU Uijit iW bekog 
ji» B nun too proud mud too ivikuiivo to b« lu|>^_T- 

MiltuH W3L^ likii Dinto, a eutBMAkd mwl a lovifr; 
nd, like Dintu, bo bod buwi luijbriiiiuito n Aiabitjoii 
and in hrvo. Ho \md nirviv«d hk bvaldi ind lib tigfal. 
tbo conlbrta of hk baiBe> md tbe prasfwHl^ of bit 
p&fty. Of tbo gMd mm by whom br bJd bi^cn di» 
tin^iJird ol hb PiHmiHi i&lo fifis toni^ hftd brtn tubMi 
«way fxt>m tbo erij lo codm; hmos bad earned inh 
farnga dimalca xhmt tincooqiiiwmU* b^uad of ofprai 



I 



i 



tULT04E> 



XSl 



Ban ; aoois wen piaing in dimgeoM | %ni midv had 
fvuivd fiirtli thm blood on aCftflToldi, Vannl ftiid Ikvu' 
lioo* KribblwBt witk jiirt «uffici«nt ulvnt to dotJie lti« 
dMMighia of a pambr io t]i« itric of a belltnui, v«f« 
oow Uve Earomritc wnLcn of tii« Sov«ii«tga &iid «f tli« 
fwltUc. It vt;n ft ]ualli»m« hvrJ, «hicL ixiulU tw vum- 
fmd w ooUiin^ tu lUljr u lo the nibbk of C«iiihUi 
fnxiBi|iiia moiwun. bfllf boftial halt biunafi, ilro|ijiin^ 
vilb win.-, bluAbxl with t^Iaitonj-, \nd rr^Awig in ob* 
ft«M» duirci* AtnidM thccc Uui fiur Miuc vroi |i1«ccd, 
bkfi tkc tfluaeo ladjr of the Mu9iifs lofly* jpotleas, ami 
urmii?, to bi* dutlLfTod kL, ftnd patntml «t. imd {[nnneil 
A^ by tba whoJo mtl of Salji« UmI Ui)blin», If OT«r 
d«|)Ottikfkcy >ud sifMmty cu«Id be cxctiMF<l lU amy mttia 
tfaev nujtht bavu been vxcumiI in Miltoo. ISnl tba 
Mno^ of hb laiad ovcctwuo «vgi7 dlattUj, Niiliicr 
bUii^Ma»» nat x»ui, oor «^» nor powry* nor domcfetic 
■IflktioiM, DIM |K)liticA] <liMpp6intnioou, nor ftbiw, uar 
|ifiMcn|i<»on, toot tue^lteiy liad jKiwcr to 4UuLHt hi* 
■Mkte Bfid mftjintHi poticooe- UU dpiriu do not 4F«fa 
10 b4<v U«a lii^ but tJuy wwo ftiD^lftrly rqoftbk. 
Ua buuptr «m »erioaEi| pvrbM|H »1«Tn ; but ix wai a 
tAMpor wbich no tuAonngi could render tnHiM or frvl- 
ftii. Sucb afl it w«a wbcn, <ai llio oto of gn«£ ovqdu, 
be nOinuHl iWm Ini u«vek, bi Uie iniaie of baaUi 
Ukl nanly bfauty, Ifodod witli Ctemrr dvllino1iall^^ 
tmii ^*rm\ng wjtb ]i«tni^ti: bt'itv, «ucb it roiUiciUMl lo 
bo wbtn, rJW having expcrioni^ omj cabunliy 
•fncb » im.-iil*rjt Co our Dtftura, old, ^cm, Mgblkv and 
ftfranwl. bu letiivd to bin bovvl to Uiu. 

lloncv it vM tbat, Uiougb Im wrote iIlo l^mdiM 
Lou at « time of IHi^ wbon \wm^ «f beauty uid ivek 
deroni are tn gcnvnl bcguinijig lo fodoi «vod from 
iboB* Kiindft In «rhirk Ibej luiva not b«ca «flbcod bj 



t^ KILTOW 

ftiixktr and (KuppoitiDnent, hv utam«l it witb all ttiRt 
ijt ukijhl l<ivuljr anil deli^tful in tlic fili^riicaJ and ui llw 
auniii world* Naitlnt TbtwcnUift bur AritMo bad a 
finrr or a moiv bualtlilul tvtwt uf Uiu |>^wr>uti-s% pf 
exiiTiia) dbjocca, D^ Jovoi bMtor lo luxoruKr amidft 
fanWams and Aowent, Uie vAngs of m|^tuig>^vat ^^ 
jiLtm erf amnrntt (nnt:*:, and tile ci>oliirai of ihadj ronm* 
taiiM. lib conei'pCion of ]ot« utiU** kH tl» viJu^ 
nioiuncu cf UiL' Utvntai haran, anU nil ibu jpUiantij 
of UivcliivHiric UJiumnieiil, w\t(j all Ibv |iurv and qiiMC 
aflbvlion vf nn Kn^luh fi/vttdv, U« pvottj mnuiida 
luof tlionnvvlwof AIpHMfCMMiy, Nook* and doQi, 
br-.tinflU wA Iklry luiLrl, uro cnbomoMl in lia mott ni^ 
iced ftnd j^i^ittic clcrauunii. ThQ maea and njrdaa 
hloov tinehtli^ on Uio vrrgr of Uio avalatieba. 

Tran<», i»>k>«d, uf lh« p^ratiar clianrier of Millati 
vay b« EoumI hi all hi» v^k> ; bat tt ii taon tlroa^j 
difplajfd in Um SonnaM. T^ot^ ««iQarlnU« pQ«iM 
hava becfi andarralKMsd b/ critici who liara not uih 
dvnUiod diolr aatvo. Tluo^ ba^e no ffUf^niomtb 
p>int. Thtfre U nune of the cni^iMiilv of Mlaoya in 
the thnoght, Donn of dif> hard and brilliant onaxn*! «f 
Pirtrairli In tiie Hfiv, Tli«j bm iurp|ie but in^^oitia 
ncordi cif tbe fouljti|ta of tbo poM ; a* littl« tricfcvd mil 
*br thu public qjo a« bU diary >fxiuid ba^« baan. A 
iJtti^, aa ctpecCL<d adadt upon ibe dty, n monNo* 
Urjr fit of dcpn;«»Min or osnUtaiknt a jcat ibravrn o4t 
i0^lMt unv cf bb booka, a dnam vlikib for a abort 
rinu nttftocvd la hiiD tluit beatiiifaJ Iftoa ovor wl&idi tbn 
pitvr lind i-U*>rfd for vTvr, lad ban to niainjpi, iivbtrh. 
wirhoiil «tf<>rl> ftliap«d tlivwlvaa into v«r>o. Tha 
indljr of Mntimcnt and fovantr of 9iyU> wblcb cbane- 
lariM tJiata Kitiv piiMwt Ttonind v of the Qnwk An- 
tkolDtft ot paibafa Mill nun ot tba CoUacu cC Ui« 



ii 



lULTuac, 



« 



Bitglisih Tfitnrxy* The nMt ptioa an the Mkuncra 
tt Piecltnoitl ui tfricily a Collect m len^. 

Tbff SooitDl* w invrv ur It*4 itril;Lrii;, ;iociirU)ng «- 
Iha MNMfrtw wlitcli givo tdnli to tlicm nr« mtjni nr iMf 
brtcn^Jtinf^- Biti Uiey are, ftlnaoiiC wuliout oxccftinnt 
dL^ifi<<d hy a mlirtf^iy nnd grvfimm of mind ia «-liirH| 
wtf Litijw i>ul irlij^fvi tA \/v>k for ft panlM. ft vAdlil, 
ittrftfoi, be iCftrMjjf taSv la dmir any ij«rMl«ii iiirv^^x-iiaii 
u to t\w HiHr»cl«r of n wrilrr Iran fjohugw tKrvrtly 
f^tiiticuJ. Bat eb« i^iuiliiiua wlucli w« |itti« OJiKTiWd 
Id MiHwi, tltov^li p<:rl4]vi mo«t Ftroi^y tiijirkvd in 
thoM pvu of hiA vorkft which treat of Lis f^cwHiid 
tetinp, a/c tliidngai^alilc in crerj pnfQi and impart' 
to i]L liM wriitngi, pr&tft anil pn^lry, Knglbh, I^liii, 
ffui Finliaiit ■ «ln>nj{ GuniTy lik<tii<e. 

Um pnlilic (?<}n(!u(;t wua »>ch nsi ivtii lo \m crxppel*d' 
from a nan uf ft f{nrtt ao hij*1i and 'jf art iiii«i[l«<t *o 
fwmn/HiX. Ho lived at onu of the m*^ nicmonblc <na 
in tlia lUscory of mankind, at tho very crUi of ihft 
great Mmflift btrtwem Oronnuds and Arimanci, Itiv 
«fiV ftiid d^'tpotifliBt raftion suid prfjudifi^. Thai great 
battla srju tbii4;;ht H>r no sinf;)tf i;?nvt«tii>n. IW m Hingl^i 
knd- Tit* doitinici of ibo liaauiii moc wurc iCalcvd; 
«a the «une co^l will; iha frwd<aii of th« E«;;htJi i^^tm' 
pic Then were £nft |;rofIubitied tbow tiuj*hcr |>Tijkci- 
plea which havo ttnr^ wnrW iJirir way inia iKc dq 
pf the AioericaTi lbmi», wtitch have roiiwil Grc^r^j 
iioni itie Jaiwry ani) di^gnuUtinn nf two ihowand 
jvan, ftivl tthtch^froni 0n<< '^w\ of" K'nxi[»n bntkcodif*i 
kftTt^ kindlod nn uriijacprliablo fire in the Ix^fti of 
opfinwad. and \iwmd Ui« kncct of ilic ojtprwcn wHIi 
an tm voBtra ^m* 

Of thow prindpZc*, du» atn^lng for Uivir in&nl 



TBI* i^ 



u 



K8« lULTcm 

Ubenuy cfumpion* Wo need Jiot sajr hoir moch 

Efoch oimrh-ra tlut « 1^1^ portioo </ likf country 
nen >till liirik it onjuili&iUc^- Tht dvil wtr, itxlecil, 
lua b««n Euoffv clbcimvU amj i» I«h* andorMoodt Uao 
A»/ v^vnl m Eu^liiJi biift'ir)-. Th« Frivnili of ttUotT 
Inbouroi) niulcr Uk« dwuIv>Dingc of whi^ tli* Ikm n 
iJitf G&bid taia[jl^t>ed m UtUvly. Tlioa^ ihoy won 
the coni^UfTovTif thdr ««ieinioa W'ctv tlw pwiUcrv. A% % 
bud^, the Buundhud* had done tlidr utOKAC to docr^ 
ftnd nuD ]it«nUiir« ; ^nd litentnrv mA e-r«n witli tlxm, 
Bk, in die loof^ mn, it alwji/i n wUh iU ortPiaira. Th* 
Uttt booL OQ ihcir mW of the ^uaatiijri U l}w L-Wnung 
nttn&Urc of Mn, HiUchiawM. Uilj i Hiicory of tbo 
Pftriiftoieul u good ; but it braab off ftt tho moM inior- 
ttting GfUi of Um Mni^o. The perfimuuioe of Lmi- 
low U foolUh Ajid rioltfcit ; end n>oil of iha later wnu-j% 
wliu Juvu eMpoomd iJie sAii^e <-jii^ Oklauxoii for »»• 
ettnoe, end Calberui6 MjiomUi, liavo, to my iho tetul* 
bovii juoro dtfimgaiibod hy ntl thea eitbor by cvidour 
or Ujr «kin. Oi) tbu otber vido w tbe vncsi a«l1iorit» 
ijv* end the most pofnilir liicioncttl worlu in ottr Ian* 
goigft, thai of Clersodeii. And that of Hunc. Tba 
fbrocr b not oolj ably wriiten aitd liill of nlmbla 
iftfomution, but baA alto an air oif di^iCj aod «an<*Tlly 
wbuh makva ^«i» Itio prvjodboca hmI «jreo ^ilk »laclt 
it abocinda w|nietjible* Uutnct frvoi wtHNo Biacinating 
narratiw ih» ere«i maae cd* iJw rwtioK poUio arv elill 
mntmibad to taka their e^iaioot, baled reU^on eo mi>ch 
Uuu ho bftied Ub«rt/ fbr having boon allM wjtlt rvU* 
0tnit and kw ]»l«aded tiM cauar of tyrvuty wiOi iKe 
ilextonlv of an wirocalo wbHu aifotfting the iiapar^ 
tiali^ gf * judgA. 
Tba }iuUic oandad of HQcod vtrnt he apfavnd w 



A 



I 



4 



Mn.n>9i. 



SS^ 



CAnrfomnnl ftrvonbiAK fts lite rmbuitpce at tlir piwpit to 
Cbftrttt Um Fu>t (JjaII *|']f<ar to W JwtLraUu ur vrm- 
inL Wv iUaII iticrdijav luaku nu apolu^f fur tloiiat- 
fag a ftv f^S**^ ^ ^ dbciuoon of tliAt intenttttng 
■wl noM Em{x>nA[Li fjtm'ioii. We fbnl] iwi 4rgu(9 ll 
un gcEiufttl pYiundi, \Vt aha}\ not rx-cur lo itiMc pti* 
njirf priikcijit^ fruwn whk-lt the Hftim nf any pvnTV* 
■nent to the obi^iitfitce of iU Jtaljvu't* it >i U- linturod. 
Wu iTo cnlilkd to that vanCa^ gn>ui»l ; but wc will 
nJuu|inih lt» Wi> ar«s o<i <)ia jiosnt, «r> confiilvot of 
auj«vuiri^, tliat nw an not unniUing (o ituiLat^j die 
tnMcilmuois g«fwro^^ of tbl»u ancHnt kiu};bu, wlio 
Ttfwed to jottst witlkotu Wlin^ or shidd a^'nM all 
ttuauLd., and la gire thetr antagoniHta the adnnta^ of 
attii ani wii»l- W<^ will later* dte nak«d coni4itiitioiiBl 
1JIMS1MI1, Wc cmfiilcuUy d&riB, tlmt nwry rMuon 
wijcb can bt iirg(<4 iii faroiir qI' lliu EUvolulioii of 11^8 
nay be tifg«il wkk at laa»t t-^vd Ibrca in ftvour of 
vhit tt colled the Great Rvbellioa. 

Iti oDtf roiip*.^! onl>'t ^o think, can the wanasi 
mdmircit ol Cliorfca vvnlun: tu eay thai Ji« ««• a 
b<uar Aovfnni^ iluii Iw Hem. II«wai noc, ii) nunc 
tmd praf«asJ0D, a Pa|>Mi i wi* Kky in namt^ and proTc*- 
•ioii, bacauM both C4i»rlu luiUAvJi' and hi« cloture 
Laad, wJiiU* tirt.'V :il|jiirnl tlia iiirtocvni Uuli^^ur of Po|^ 
tn-, rrtauKtl ali in wont vkoa. a ooin|;]«ta futjeeticm 
t4 TvaaCTQ to aittboriiy, a weak prdcEvuoe of fenn to 
Mbrtancfv a dulduh faasion fur (nmnmoricff an idDhr 
1MB* vFficrattoii for the prii^tly charaMOr, aod, abov« 
ill, a morcilew iiiloltfranm. Thu, hovfnrcr, we w^vo^ 
^f^v vkll I'ofltccidc tTiBt Charltt was a good ProtcMaikt ) 
^Kii w« lay that lut i'rutcstantum dutt not nulEaiha 
^BcfatoAt d^tinctioB Uivvwahjicas^andtlialoTJanM^ 
^Ftbi) ifina^tQ* of the Rov^ohituoti Lara ofUn bo«o 




un.TOY 



grvnlj ii^rtMifHiiK >m1 neiv mviv i\mn m iW 
^QimrN gf tbv (Jtrvscut yt^r. Tboni u « vtirlAin dab 
BWii, trlio, wUe]« Lh«;r JfrvfoM 1o lioU in rrvtiivnoi 
ho gn«t i&mva «nd greai ociiou «if fumivr tifD«i« 
be\-cr look .11 then Ar any other pvrTraM tlua iu 01^ 
lo ^iid in tJiuia M«i« excutf fbr«Kittiikf( ftbiu«« Iu 
tray vctuamhAe protoicni tiivj |i(tu by wW it fMOD- 
Ikl, and Ukw Wy vt'h:il i« aotliIvuUI : 1I1C7 knfi out 

lioa olL UiAi U dufociiiv^ If, in any p«rt uf an/ |in«l 
•Kamplo, diert bt4 any llii«j[ UJiKniih], Ovf^v flalk^i 
dvltfct it with V) ttiKTring biM(n0l« and >Jari ufwii it< 
^th a rarcnom di-tL;L,-hi. If nmK gnodvfid haa bom 
[ftttAinfd in epilc of tbran* lJi«y fbal* wkit th> Ir pnM^, 
iypc thai 

- TWf liA«cf HIM ^ U ^vmM »■■ mC 

To Uw UouingK wluch Bn;;luid ha* dffiri^ rmu 
tlic Hovdaliun Uicae pMplQ aiv utterly biMniUile. 
Tlw cxpukien of « tyivnt, ilkc miIl-wq nfogiuiidn of 
po|mUr nf*)iUi, liberty* Rvcurlcy, lolomllon. alJ go ftv 
aoibiit^ wiib thorn, Omt aoct tliom w^i, wtiidi^ trout 
irtnuat^ leaapomy c«u*a, it wai tion^bt ikcccaory 
to kco|i imkr cio*« rwiniot. Qji« part of lira ^itj>tr* 
HiMxt mm au luihi^iialj dmiiMitaD»d, thmi ftl tlut 
■tiiw Um miMit7 wu iwcoBMry to our bippinaHv «i<l Hi 
•liviTiy 10 oor freedom. Tbc< i«« tli« p«rti of ibo 
Rovulioion whidi ifac julLttciuu of wboni we «|Mmlii 

re to ^ontompkla, aad which netm to Uion not 
'jndood to vimScabe, Uil in mow Uqpve bo palUa>«s iht- 
ffood which it hai prodarorL Talk to tlun of NaiJ«a, 
of S)A;n, or ef Suulb A^wtico- TImJ ala^d f^irtb 
Maiou fc* til? djelnim of Divine Rifbt wkuch haa 
tow ooDM back to oa, lika a thiaf CWm traiiipo«tatisn 



^^b 



■rtatigti^ 



uaivw. 



2!t: 



oDtlvr ik9 ali\v of L^luaac)'. But iii\]fili mi ibe fivi*- 
oitt «/ IrdiDcL Tfam WULiun 15 ft bero, Tlivr 
SdOfffi «Ad ShT«w4iUT^ fti9 grvftt nKfi. Then ihn 
KevnhiiKiii h ft filiririoiu trft. T'fw t«:j mme penMin 
tiliu* ui Uiit conittij, nevLT oioiE ftn u|i|Kiriui>itjF ot 
rwiv'iMi^ ut4rv nrvkJioU Jacvltiltf tJniitWr tvf|i«ct*ng 
U« Wliig^ oT Uial period, b*vi» no vouoer croaocd St. 
Gvur)p*« Cbuuiul* cbftn tfaujr bj^it to All llicif Umpai« 
U) tho glonoui uid hniuorUJ oDCHkorv. Tho^ nay 
tndj buut ilut tlier looJt not fti mcfi, but ftl incoMrec 
80 thai rril bo (ioi>c ihcy cant not who «lot> it; Umt 
ftrbiUftr^ Charlm, or the litwml WillUra, Ftniinjsid 
Ike Cfttbolkt, ^nr FVvtcric tho I'rotritftnt- On mcb 

tlunr omlid cuuertmctioriH TUe bold ftBcrtium of 
tlusH poopU hftVtt of IaE4f iinpriMfi«d m Iftr^ poflion 
of ilio public wUh an oj>l(i»uil tliii Jauma tbo Sonnil 
wftft espcUol otmply btywiHS he wa^ a CatboGo, ami 
that tbe Rnvohition waa f«»rTUiAil/ a ProiciiAnt R«^-- 
olutioo* 

Bftt tliU rcrtRinlj vu it<jt llio mu J nor can ■») 
[lanoD wbu baa aajoirv*! more k^uwE«dg« uf thv bU- 
tory of thow timea tliau ii to bv round in OoJdAnllb'a 
Abridgumt bcli«ro tWt, if Jamnt bad hM hi* qwd 
nliipiHU qiblona wiUkOQi wiabii:^ to taake prxlji^ 
or tf, wiilnoic cren to raafec pro«clytca, Ins had eovh 
l#iil«d himwif with «aprinj; only hU cdouihutiona] 
iQfti>mc« for iLnL piritov, llw Trirt^ of Oran^ 
««tild «vcr hftTe b«n inviiHl over. Our antalurx 
*r« tvpfiDW, kduw llicir own (A«ftiiiikg ; aiilI, if wo muj 
Wbovu tliom. Uim bualilitj h«a prinijuily nnC tr> p«f>- 
arj, but t(j tynuiD/. Tlivy Jkl not drivu out ft tyiftai 
bo wv ft Catholic E but tba^ oxdudod CaUu^ 
froB iba crDtfB, becauae tbcf iho<g[bt ifaam Lko|) 



laa 




to ht trnikttf, Tlie ^jroimrf on which thej^ in tlw; 
fttnoii« rr^tlulioit. rWlari^l thtt thmn^TM^Jilt «a« Ifiii 
"llml JuvKA had liiuLi-ii liitf InmlanifBlal Unn of Ibf 
kingdonkt" Bvotr m^ui, tliorv^ire, who approrv* of 
th« RcTolution of IdSd mwt bold thai tho biwMb 
«r foiuhinMitiil UwB oo iIm iMrt of tlic sovereign 
jaiti^cfl iTJiUtADf^ Th«i <|un[ti(ift, thrm, k div ; Itad 
OK^rir-i iho Fint brokvn lliv fvnckmttitfll hiw> tif J 
En^Und ? H 

Mo |Hjrwti con ttuwo- £r) th« n«(^««, uikleti b* 
rvfwM crodil, dM iKureLy lo dl ihv accantiofit lireiigbi 
i^iiiifil Cb&tloi hy hift -^miuriiu, but to tb* nunUiTw 
Iff ihfl way m wt Ror&liBM, uid 10 tlic totiAnlocu of tht 
KinK hima^ir. If tliere be v\j tmih in ony hist^riBJi 
nf SBj pA^]^ ^1^ ^^M rfiUlMl ihp fTrnlA of iImI r^^t 
thv conduct of ClmrlM, htaa }m mccnucm lo tlir iBMi* 
mg of lb* Lonig PttrlbnMnit, liad bccti a coDtittticd 
coDTN of oppn«iIaii tad iroocbeir. Lot ihoM wbo 
■ppbud lh<! RcvohitiMii ond condomn iho lUbellioa, 
nHDtMi OTio §al of Jain<« tbo Second to which 4 |«p- 
Allt) b no I to bo funnd iii tlw biAoryof hfa ftdker. 
l.rt ihrm lay ih^r fttif^rn on a mnf[U< artiVIn in tbo 
Dn-lanlion of Itt^bt, )imL*nt«d by the lvir» Hpumm to 
William aiui 3l«rr. Mih'ifh CIuHm b not ackBaw1ed|(vd 
Ui baiv violated, llif hnd, acoordbig to tho t««linMmj 
of bit own fritiitib, usurped tbo funeikim of tbo b^fe- 
kliuv, nbxd iftxi^ wrilioui ibo ooiucnt of ^Ikmort, 
Ittil qturt<*rv<l troopa on ili<? people bl ibe flnoot illtpil 
■imI vcutiou niAiincr. Xui a i^mcle a(«i£an of fmf^** 
vent had jtt«UHt wtllirxit lomr nnniiuailiadnnil allaek 
tm tbfi fiyHl'aii i^f >UfGir'-; tb» rij^it of pMiiioQ «nu 
Unvly vioklod : avUinry jud^piwiiti, «xofUtant Ami 
■ikd aiw^rrmnlcd iinpiWiiMURU, w«ro j^tfTanooo of 
iiQy o e wi f niK 'f- If th<4» tUiw do not jartitfy mto 



I 



mniw^ 



291 



iac«, U]« R«vdIu1mb was Uf«Mm; If tl^y do, *}m 
Gntti Rebellion ns LiMlatik*. 

Bui, K li mkU wlir not Ailfipt mIMer fOMmtvaf 
tVliy, *ftw the Kinj tiArt wiiumiImI to so numj w* 

4J(1 tlt« pviljaiiiriil cnnitnuo (r) rh-.' 1 1 'ir daiuttdl 
ti ilio n>k of pflUToking* cml wur ? 'Vhc diip^mciMf 
bid been gir«n up. Tho Siu CliAinbcr h*d beai 
Abolklioi* Pmrbuin had bvvn modi^ for the freqii«Dl 
convocfitioa and •cmrc d«~4ibcntion of jAHinincnti. 
Wliy nnl parrcte an end cflnfm^'illr f^iA hv |>eMyablo 
anJ rnpuW mmnsi ? We nviir nf:Kin to ibe nnikki^ 
vftlie R«vi)fatii>fi- Vi'hy ^m J-tm^ ifriv^rn fVuta Ot« 
tbruiwV U'by «w liu not tvtjuovd vjwo ooiidiciont? 
Hft too had of1EH«d M can a froo pvltUMml ind to 
AQbooIt to lu dL'trUion all llic maiicn Eii diiptitc* Tec 
Wtt anc in ihc >Labit of |irajsing oor forclatlM<3, who 
pn<ftrmv1 A reToluiion. a di«puf«d «i>ccp«ioi>, a dynaMv 
of ilmn^tpi* twenty ynirt of f^nvipi nitd i«it«sUiw war, 
a ttaii'liiig army, HTid a nalional debt, U> lli^ nilv, liow- 
ever n?«ri<:t<jd, of a iriwl and [iivvvd tyrairt. Tliu 
Loit; I'iriianont ociod on ih^ um^r {jrmripl?, and i> 
entitled (6 tlie aame pn^e. Tiivy c^iuld n-^i ami tha 
King. He bad no doaht jitMt^ uilntarr Uirai but 
wbat m«tttr«Of^ wa« tVn^ tlut lie wc>nld not bitiilc 
dun? Hr hid rcooDHoxl oppmiv^ pf^roplivfa } 
Emt wliciw vw iWvvcvnty llini it« wouM not nsiuua 
dMflO ? Urc nDll<in liad 10 dtiiU witli a ainn nliotn iia 
ik* coald Uiid, a loan ir]u> inad«i and brokif prvmiaoi 
»ilh o|iia1 bHlity, a mas wliooe honour had boen a 
auodred tlntiA pawned, ut'^ nevev rMld'ined. 

H«i«, indMd, dtr l.ong PatliAm'^l Mnjtdji An niifl 
iinMtger gr«ttnd ihui iko Oonventxni of ISSd, Ha 
BoUon ol Ja&fli cm ba^on|Mrtd lo lb« eondncl cf 




J 

»^1 



Ch&rl«i vitK rwrpprt lA ihc J'otitittti of Ri^bt TIn 
Lordi Afiil CdDainotia prvwoA him with s biil it) wKiH 
ihfl voittUtu JoiulI limit* of Jw pover u« ourkt-J mitA. 
Ho bwUiM i he uvrndw i 4t lA»t li« bargun m gi*^ Idi 
■Mcnt for tiro HLbdiliti*. Tho bill Tvwarm hit «4oaft 
tHMitt: flkc nib«Idiv» orr voiod ; but n« «00Mr tn Un 
H-rant r^tioTrd* than ho rriumv At cin«« to aH th^ aHx* 
Imi^r Hioa^uru nhich Im hid bound Kinuclf t» ilina 
dou. iinil vioUtoi all iJt* ckiMn <ir tho v*ry Act wind 
hn had bacii |inJd tu poM. 

F<ir luorg tlum ton yon irio |i«o|ilfl luid «f«n 
n^hu wlikdi won d:<«n hj & doable clum. by iiiMB»>- 
morid )iib«Hhftn-:v Bhd bf r^i^vat piurJiaM-, infnniod 
fay tlio pftftdktiia klnf^ *Iki had r««o^'nia«d lh««i Al 
km^b drc^rnitutwra compellfll Chnrln to iiuniiMii 
jgootbcr paHumfnt : &notli»r chuKV vu |civ«o Ui ovr 
&tbs«K v«T« iliv>' Cu tbraw ii tu^j w lim Iwl 
Umwn liVAjr iho r^nscr? Wvn tbtiy •ptiu to bo 
eami«dhj/< At ItfivoCT W«vd UicjaipUn K»«ilrafi'«» 
Ebeir nMUkcnr on p1e(^<» wfakb hiul been fiirlciuid ovei 
and over «giin ? Woro tbojr let laj a nteond Pt6%lmt 
vS Rijcll at tbfl foot «f tbe tliro(i«^ lo K^iikt anothi-T l«r. 
iih liid ui cidianfigo for onollior luiinaanii^ crn'oionvt 
and tb«n tv Uko ihtir dupaftu^ till. aAw tvn vuw« 
toon uf farad ajid oppreukm, tbnr prints tJutild oi^it 
rvqoiroa Mppljr.and ^oin ropaj it vtjdi a poijwjT 
Tliuy ynvt comfH PcmI to Himwe wbflth«r ibqr wvolil 
tnuit B Qmnt m con<|iii»- bin. We tbinlE that ibs^H 
fhott vjioly a«] nobly, ^ 

Tba aidToeatca of Cbarloi^ Ufca tboadwocaeMt-lotber 
maldkcton aflaifi^t vrhoca o^-wi whalmia^ oridmov b 
pTQiJiicod, gvDonilJv di^ae all toatrovcnj about tbl 
hcu. and coctcnt tbranelTa witJi «allliag t«stin»cmy lo 
tbanidar. B« baJ ao manj printo firuesi Aadj 




lULTOX- 



241 



W Jme» the HKcnd im iirii'ste rlrKiw? W«a 
Oliver CromwiilL ^ tntterwt viitnsiv« llivnuuIt«i-« U-- 
bf* Ja«^;«at liMtitvM uf privRio virtues? And uhat, 
dinr aM, Ana tJii: virtute &4rnbed to CbtHo* ? A ro- 
lipijnA nbt, not morr ibi^fri: tb&n thnt «>f h» nn, in4 
fidlr w vrmk hp) niim^^k^rniTidoil, aihI i fc^of llio 
<infinn7 tiomcKcid tlucctK^wi vliicb b*lf Uie toifik- 
vNOV in Kogluhd c^m fiir ihmc who lie Iwiwatb 
iIkbu a good r>lWrE A ^<nil hQ«^aii<I : Aaplo 
•palo^Oi mdvod Ibr fifteen yvmn vt perwocuiion, tyraji> 
nj tod ftMuod I 

WecLar^ lum with liaritij; brnkcu his «iit)Mtion 
iMlii ; Mid v« ATK fold thai be kqit bU mnmagc vow f 

uUmm ml&ctiuttafibaiiKivt tuft-h««cl«d and hard-lfArlt-d 
of prcbttt ; and Mm dafMico u, Mmt he took tu> Ilctle 
mh on liiii bwc Kind kuocd Liin ! Wv cvrimiv him fiir 
Inmng Tii)btfd tho uikW of ibc Petition of R^t. 
afinr kftrmfE* fur jtood and vAliuilo «oimidn«tioo, 
|«imui«d to ohvrvo tbem : «n<l wi.< ard informed tluM 
Iw Maa W3ciBt«nwd Ui l>nur |jrayi>t« »t mx o'tlock tn ibe 
monihi^ I It IP to lUcU rDtind«Tnitioii< «# Itj^^, li^ollm 
widb liii Vttfidyiv diw-, hii lui)d»ii»c ^cc, and }m 
|mLed bcanl, that b« ow^ we wrily Wli^^o, mo«t cf 
Ilia pofiuUrity witli thu pv^serit ^ixiratioo. 

For MiraolrtA, w« ovm that «<t do iw>t tindcnrtuid 
t^ CMiuMn phm«, ■ Kood nii&Ti, btti a l)ttd kfn;;. We 
cBii u c»«ilv conrrfiflTc s jeood nan and an onnalnrml 
fafJMT. ur a f^ood inan and a Imdiffviw Mind- Wa 
cAuoot. in ailiaaaiiDc tfau ctiaracter of an indiviilaal, 
lisw pul of ourn>jit4dvnt(>^>'i t:i>^ covdvct in tlie i&o>t 
avport&nt of oil hmnan mlatV'jii; and if id tJiai n^ 
WtioQ «» fii>d blm 10 havo boon «;lfiftb, ctvuU and 
IwcidlJ, «• cbaU tako Ui6 lifacirtjr tv caU faim a bad 



'^m 



KKLTOir. 




in Kpico of ftll bU tcmpvrvnciB at uLlo, ■n4 all 
rqgulpjiity nt cbii{>«L 

W'c rsimot rtiitvin from MUln^c a {err wortU raspntl^' 
in^ A Ifiptr i»i winrh lh(^ tl^nAfr* sit Chflrlcs u<* fetWl 

hv ftt IcMt ^vuTJiLil ihutu afUir iIm axawplu uf bw |«^ 
dvcvKoni. It' ho vuiIaiqiI UiuJr privll«^t ■> wm W 
QiuM ihums jjnriltigw lind not btion accurately dufiiM^ 
No fl«l cf oi^roMon hm crcr boon unpvittl to 
which baa not a parallul in ihu annalA of tbe Tudi 
Thin point Hume tiai Ultonml. wUlk an &r1 irhkk it 
dt^rfiliiabU ui a hUtoricMJ work a« it would baadoni 
bic in A forauic a<ldrc«- I'bo atuwcr ia «ti«vt. elnTr' 
and dadnvv. CliuJi^ U«d auwitad to ibo Pvtitkn of 
BifbU H« ]ia4 rao^ucttJ tlie opproniTa powvn md 
to haro been axcrdnd bv hit pivdocCMan, nnd ba had 
rcEMiuiccd tU«n for non^ Ho iru nol tttUid li^| 
wt up liai antiqaiiod cUtnu a;^ain-it hi* own rocotf^ 
ralaMa. 

Thcac afgaii)«nt« ara to obrkuK tb«t it amy iocm 
nqwrfluoiM to liwvtl u|hh> Uiwbu ll«t Uioaa who bavv 
otanrved how usudi tl« avenrta of that tlmo ara on««fi- 
rocoted aud mUundcMood will iiot UaiM) ua fof icat- 
ing Uw ca>e dnplf. It ia a cara of' wUcb Uia amploM^ 
MateoMni b tW Jtron^tuc ^ 

Tlic cf Lcinia «f Ifao ParUament, twlead, lanlj cl>ocaa 
to tako uBUo uo tlta grvat |>uinia of tbu yi w ii on- Th^^ 
aaotaot Uiuou'.iviK with a3C|io««iig aoma cf tbo vtmm 
Kttd follrai to vrbiah publk c«ntm<6aiia aaowmily giva 
bfrtb, Tbcy bowaal tha nnnaritod ftia af Sti^M. 
tUcy Piecnio ibo lavlov violaneaof tlia araijr. Tbay 
baji^ at tbo ScnpitunJ nwxkei or tba pvvac^crk Uijoi^ 
^■iarab AaMJiijt their dntricia; aoMBaxa iwrvlling ac 
Iha ipul* uf i rumrl pvawiUj ; apaUfti, airiclMil hj 



i 



MtLTkiy. 



J-W 



tlie ptiblk pJundvr, uking pouiwuon of the h'M|ril«1if< 
Braddo and hvrvdltuy trw*i '>^ 'liv oM ^'vhIvt j Ijirrr 
mttiliii^g tbo bvaaliful windoirsufc:4ilipjintk; Qunkvn 
riiluifi; lukod thfougb tbo roarkoc^pWe ; Ki(\h'^mm>' 
«rcl^ mm i^oa^af^ Cor Kin( Jmis ; a^^tatiK^ loctuHog 
from tha Uip4 of tub* on tlwi fkxe of Agft^ ; aII iIiuso^ 
thc7 Urtl U3, w«vo lli« i^finiig nf thf* Gr«ftt Ri^b^llion. 

Uc it aow Wo MTO not cvdul to uiuwer in Ihu oikI- 
tor- TiuH cbst]g«i. wotv tlicjr uiflDilor^ marc hn- 
pprt&iiC woold oot aIut our upaiuuo of ui vvvbI wlikh 
aloM hai mftdv oi to <m&r linim iho alAi«« wlio croncli 
iMMib d«e|M)Uc flcopCTM. hUny «rvili, no doubt, w«r« 
pndiiCftd bv tbt^ civil war. Th<y wtn <be price cf 
our blwrlf. Hju E}m ftoqamtian Uvn worili ibr Mtrri* 
fiee? It II tiM hstun of t]i^ Doiil of Ivnnnj to teflf 
and mid iba bodj^ vrbich hu !cbt««. Arc lh« mbcrid 
of oooismimd ^otdmuoa k«a bonrn>l* Iban tbo itrufa^ 
of tbt mmHsidoiv exoitjun ? 

If k ttwrc jxMsible lIuU ■ pn>ple brougbl up undtv 
Hi tiuolantnt utH Arbibmrr iiyvlrfn <^mi1d it]bri>rt that 
•jrtcni witlioiU Mitt of i:nt«lfy Hrirl tuU^Tj lidf ibi* o\^ 
JKtioaft to dvpcibo povor woM he ivmov^. Wc 
■booldt hk titti osOi b« c4aih|ioUvd to ^cJLnnwkdgo that 
it ■& Uut prodttocet do ptiniidiyae effftcU cm tbv ill1c^ 
ItfrtiiA] «nd m«isl chtiaitcr of a ttation. We dqjion* 
Uflv atitniji-fg nrliich accoraptfiny nvolutioiiJ^ Bill llio 
nm Tiolcot tbe outn^n, ih^ motrv uraml uv ftvl 
iIhI m r«*iiTuiJiMi wait inctiiwry Th^ viicb'TLnn r/ ibo«- 
OBlngvi fdU iliravB be proportiunni lo tbv ffru^ity nnd 
^wnMia of til* people ; and Uie fotodly and igfi^ 
moB of tbo p&opto will bu ^vtt{<ont*mt/d to dio opprc^ 
iJiiii and diTgradatkn nndcr whicb tbcj bai** W««i 
ncnainoMd t» Iho. Thw it wa« in our dvD war. 
Ilw hc«L of Ibu diorcb u>d riatr ivaped only thai 



£44 



MaroR 







w\ach UifV kft4 M«rn. The ipnrariimtiil had pt^lnbiteil 
li«i; dJATUMiJoa ; it liid done iti bent ta kfr«i> Ibu p«oi*l« 
mrHC^|tiauul^ aIiIi tJwir JuiMS vid t)iuir ri|^itaw Ilia 
vtti'ibutkiu vrjLt jukt oihI natund> If uur nikn tvAnvd 
&om i^ifiiUir igvorvico, it wm twcauK Hivy \mA ilicv 
eclviti ukuii anaj ibe key of luainrlixlge. If tlia^ iran 
AMnilccl with Miitd iniTt it w»a bccuutt thi^ 
03urt4it AH t<|iMil7 blind Kubmuson. 

It U Uit! chuscter of >ucb mvolutAuns that wi 
wATi *fii Uio wont of ihcni kt (Irii- TUl hhoi liA»a 
bwjt Aoino liiiw fivu* th«y kaow not liov lo um lluir 
Imilam. Tho DBtitvi «f wino cwuitfica arc lEL^ufilly 
ftobcr* In cliuuofti <ivhero wiuo b a nmty ia to mw^ 
mncc oboiindH. A ii^ttly Lbcroied |iiH>pJe nuj be coi»- 
(MUYiJ lo A northirm jumj mcumpcii on iJic Eluoe m* ^ 
iIm Xor«ft>' Jt it •ahJ tint, irtitM aoldk-n m «ttch a | 
mtoation fint tind ibcanvcJircB Me to OKlaiico withoiA 
rmlTJiiiil in «iicli a ran and •xpvouva Lazuiy, niMldiig 
M to bv »cvii but inlOKiaMion. buoa, IrovroTM-, plmtj 
Uftcbu* di&cnitwi] ; nod, dtv wiiM has bMB lor s ibw 
nunth« thdr dally &rv, tfaey bccunie mons letnpnmi* 
tban ih^y hod crer been is tlwar amn cc/atttey* la lb* 
same maniMT, iKo final ami ]4^iikjkncnt fnitbi of Uboi^ 
ore wiiiiypia laodtntrun, nmi tiMTvy. Ita immoJiata 
afluctft oro often BtrocxHtt cnoiM, cttiflieting acTOfo, 
icii(fliul«iii on puduu tltt iiioat doar* do^iatka oo 
jNMDU the tBLoc njBtfiriow^ It ii just at tUs crlu* ilui 
jl« tnoBim lora to oxlub«t iu Xli^ p«U down dia 
<eftlC)ld£iig from tlie hoJ^&iialwd edificv : llwr point to 
tho %in|E diMt, llu bllinf; bflrjc^ iln^ rtHiilbfllcai 
roijaM, iJm friglilfiJ irTv|{ularitf of the wUaU appeals 
onoo ; and then a^tk in *coni wbif^re iIm [imiaiMd oploo' 
dour and covtfort U to bo fuuitd- If nicb ■iwjmbli 
v^MttOi wwo to prevail tiiuto m-oukl novttr be a pio4 
boose or a ^ood goveroiBeiit in ibe world. 



tfUffOH' 



£U 



uyvtecioito i«w tjf bcr fiRtorc, «rju coodttmiwd to op 
pMBT aL oeruin swovti in tiio fomi uf a foul and jxhboi^ 
ou> suvJiis TIkm who ii^jurod W tlurinfc tlic ptdod 
of Jicr dB^Gw vurc fbr crcr tucchidrd fixim puticipR- 
titfii in IJtc ble=«i4^ whirli «li« l>aatowal. But lo 
tiiow wfco, in ipile of Ii^r lo4tKn>ine iij^oct, pitied and 
prtrfodi^l hrr, ihe afkcfwanU rrvuaiuJ h«ffW^f in ttiH 
bttUiliful tud c«J«aUai f <rui wluvh ww UMtund tu bur, 
ACcoaitniucd tliulr tXt^u firauUiJ all tiiAT h itlxvtiu Gilwd 
iJi^ liotitw Willi vrtioJtli. uuuiv tiitim bu|i|>j iu iov« 
and vicloriuijt ill wju*. Sac}] & spirit U Liberty. At 
tiiutfa «&o akfli tJia ioroi of a hftidW nptUe. Sbe 
grovcU, «bf Itttto^ hIio «t)n>i>< But woe to tboaa wb6 
in dufCiM lUl fifroluro to cnuh her 1 And kappy ara 
ilm« m\u\ hann^ datvd l<i rwwttj liur iii W duelled 
Bud frif^tlol ibiipo, ikaU ai lungtb !>« ruwaHtai by bar 
in tba tittui 4if bar boaiity and W ^ry ! 

Xbar« b QuJy <mw cuns fur thu wiU vhjch nowly a& 
qnlnxl tiixiiaiM |iraduccsi and iJiat civc ii fradon* 
WUm a prkoDor tot Iwvm bin coll b<? canoui bear ^ 
lijclit 1/ day I be k tioaUo lo dnaiminate colouiv, «f 
ncupuw* &CCS- Hot Um jnmkedy bi noi u> rviiiatul Un 
isCv bb dmfiiwUi but (o aecuaium kim to tliu fay* of 
tba mm. Tb« bkm «f tnilb awl Uborey may Ai lint 
ikfidtf and boirildftr tutinot ^iucli bave Iwocaue liaiT 
Uiod in tbe bunn of bonda^ But kt tb^m {gam <Mt, 
#nd Ibuj will a»a be abfe io bear it. In a few ycara 
iBcn ksnt loroajKnu IliattctitoraeTiotciiccfof ofiininu 
•■bnUa. Uovtiia thaorw -cunvct ««ch odbfif. Tit* 
KJii«n4 iUaMiitsor irutb cv«ju U> cxuitieiid, auJ U^n 
la ctm^/oKto Ami at kugtli a iy»Utti <ir juticu and 
«rdvr tt aducvd oui^ r/ ibo cbaM. 

Majiy |H>titkbuk> of o«u timu an: in i}ic baUt uT lay 




Kfl. 

i 



UlLTOet. 



Log it dotm M « MJf«viduiU ]irojic»iijari. Hial nit p^|4c 
ou^Hl to be frofl till llwry an Ai bi imt ihi-ir Amloai. 
The mu-lm k worthj' 4^ tlu IboJ in tli'H „M Htnnr nh- 
rtMolvcd not to go into Uia WAlatr till !^ iatI l<4ntt 
•wim. If ni«ti ar* lo Wttt for liberty till thff Imxiii 
wu« and good in ikvcoj, Uivj^ waj indwU wjui 

Therffm >t U Uvt wo defacMly afprovc or the tvs* 
duct of HihAa and thn «t1i*r win* ami good anm wIks 
bt ftpiie 0/ much llint ma ridlcnbnn and hatfAil In ihm 
ron^nct or iheir ajn^ruuleA, itood firmly br tKe ouim? i>ffl 
I\iUiA Ubcrlv. W* atv iu>t awrnv titac l)ie ^am liui , 
\M-vt\ L-hxr^fed wiUi fiorvOniU partkipatian in anv or live 
Uaii)cal>lo uxinMOii of that liiBO. 1'be ftvovritc tupie 
of liU omniot la ifaa lino of conduct irlifck h« piirTorrlj 
Willi ngard 10 the oxdratton of 1I10 Ktftf-. Of tJial 
CcMnUod pMkCcrdbig wo b/ ito moaiM apfimre. S^ti 
W0 naiMt 4*^ , in juiiic* 10 Ilw mnny fminmi i>^rHoii 
wha conccirrad is il, and in jmiliM raoim parltniUHr 
thfl tnkiHni p^trvxi nbv M^miM (I* l>»t ' oai 

In mora abBurd diJui tbu imimUtioTia wbi. . r (Mrl 
\mi hundred ukI axty yfur*. ti hn* hatn tko ftuhktm to 
cn«l njMM ibo B^ojddtf- We tiare. ihn^Ti;^li'^ii, a1 
tfa.inM) frwn afpoaUo^ tn Arni |ifui^iplm. \Vf iriM dm 
ajipral ifh Ct^-m nt/w^ W« iwHr a;;iun in tlio fiarall 
an« of tba BirfoltitioM. What «tHmlial diMnictiiift 
Iw drawn bolwoBn tha ajwcalioti of ttw fulmr and 
dcipoMttion of tliv MM T Wlial rtnaitnliimil rnaiim 
tboro wliklTapplwA to tba ftnnor and not to Uw htln^' 
Tfao Kii^r caa do no wnci|^ If «o, Jun«» ww i» In- 
DQContaB ClmrlAi ««|J liave Ijomu Tlic niinalpr 
m^hl lo he nnpcndhU: dr liio a.rU nf tlni S^FVuevi^ 
If MO, yrhf not imji-'arh J«ftri<t and rHain Jm 
!%• pevaofi of m King u «K*fwl, W«* tlio peiKai of 



Bi In* I 



i 



iin,ioK- 



2J1 



JiBitt coBudurtil aftcr«d at tbe Dnjiie ? To Jni-Jiftrg* 
(Anaoai Affainit aa ftnnj ui vhida » Kiiijf b knowti 
k> b« |kQ»(vd u to apfinMuclt frouy nuar lu rr^-icuJo. 
CWloei tixi, It bJxiuJ*] ftfinxyft bo rvoiaabcrtd, w» put 
lo (katli bj men vlio hni been cxuipcratcd tif Ui« lio»- 
dJilM« «f ftcvcral jcnra, vtci who liad nj!ver iMrrut Vrutul 
Co him by tnjr oUicT tu» ilina that whidi wn^ coratnoQ 
to ihvm wilh «U llieii fcllow-dtucttf. Tl^i>* ir1:iA 
ilfpHt Jjuiivt frviii lib tltnjuv, w|>v wftlacvU liu aruift 
kIw vljouktcd 111* IHcnds, who fint impriionud titMi in 
bii piiaiMt wdlI iImr lumtfd Kan out of jt, whiobroik* 
in txpan his very slombcnt by iuipvnoue mautge^ who 
pixrmod lata with fira and sword from one ji«n of iho 
aqJr« to aaoUifv* irit^? Ii&n}^* drvw, uid quorioivd 
liU allllcrvflt3^ ftud atuiolpHi bii Iiuioccfil heir, v>rtc liit 
<ic]ilwvw Attd bn Iwo dAugliUrr^ Wl^ca wi> rvlkd uq 
ftll tboM Uuiigt, wu m m a luM to coucvivv liow tlie 
ittMw pcTHMu wh<», em llic fifth oTNoixcmbcr, tbutk 
Qui fiir voiiderfoUj €ondiKliu£[ hia lorvatil Will^ua 
wd Sx mtldng all ofipMlioa &L1 bdbro biiti cmti! k' 
bvoRie ouf Kin^ uid GorfTaar, «ftn, an the thirti<.-tl. 
«f Janii&rv, contniw to hts afoid tlint ibe Uood utf tJiv 
tU'T^l Mirtyr Bia/ be rifltcd <iin dtenudvc* R&d tfacu 

Wu diiapjirovut wu ivpvftt, of tJic exvcutiuii uf 
t'loHott Doi becaOMi ti» cQn«xiiatioii ox^^mpU iho 
King Erwa roipoawbilitT, &r u'fi b^ow th&i all such 
Hin'JMr'. bowavcr Qx^v-JIect, Tiavo tbcir cxccf tJoiLi ; nof 
kveaoav wa 6p«I any pKtilar mlcrcAl tn Jib clara£t47t 
&r w« tbioJc that bu MAtenft* ducnbra him vith i^t* 
Cod jivtic* aa " & tyrant, x Inttorj m mujdccvr, and a 
pttbUe emntjr ; " Ivut biAratu* wu juv coaYiiKixl llmt tb« 
Anaw ra onat injoriiiiA to tbc caurc uf &voduok 
He mhom U nm<»vod wu a cafidr^ and a tKaugo : bit 




«4S 



VIUOX 



lieir, to wlmm the allcj^nmoo o^ every RojiJwt wm in* 
itnnil^ irftivTorrod. waa at Ut^. T^o Prvabytcmm 
could &VVIT ba^ heen parfi^ctiy ncanalifA lo tht 
Ikther: ifacy hftfl t\o unrh moinl mmttjr to Hi^ ttn 

procvniini: u-itli IWJtnp iHiich, hawQv«r tmnMK^aJile, 
no p*aircniTni.<iTit cnM safolif venirtro ro oiiimgo. 

But tbou^U w Ihnik the condttcM or the Rof^ldikf. 
bUmcttbU, ih«t of Mtlt^ apf^n U> » is a very 
fbrent lighi. TIjo dwi^ was Uom- It wnH not b« 
diMie. TUr Dvil m intTnnvit; uid the olij«rt m« 
^^itdf it ftt ■mall HI finui!»7f^ Wo mviiiv ik»: rl 
df tJ» amv fiK- noC yielding to the |vi^tiilAr i>f)inion 
but we csiuiot ccmntrc Uiltott for vrttlitng 10 chuifCB 
tint opiu'wa. TYta v«ry f«tJUig whidi wcnJd hivtr ny 
«tt«ivvd ni fhwi conmitttnjE th« act would havu l«cl to, 
nFtae it had b<im conunittfY], to ds^mid it «^nst 
rsvin^ of smrillty irtd sa^imtitioii. For tho mIco of 
ptiV>lie IiIkit^, vra wi^h that iho thing hud not hntm Amc^ 
wtiJc iV |iis>fili> cIiM})|Trcrvwl of tl. Hut, fbr the nkii 
of publk liberty, wc ifiOTiM alio liat-o wbh^ tJcc pco* 
|k1a to apfTOTo of It wl]«o it was doitv. If any tlmig 
aiur« vt-rv watttfn^ to titc jicctificiiiuB of Milton, ih 
book of SalfUiiitki vcnkl fbrttkh it. Timt mboabl* 
pfyftjB tt nfe iff now with Jitttire comldfred only ta a 
btmcon lo woril<»tcl»fn, who w5ih tf> ^l*<^omtf ttatei* 
MH'ii. Tli« cirMirity of tha nan who ivftitii! »t, th« 
*■ Ama tMf^ (kxtra," nirca ft aD tti Iknw vitlt ih* 
pi ^ t aj t ^tnuntltnn. In dial ^-o lhi* itu ' ' i 

•Tftf £8orvni. Ii waft not thtni lulTy un<i : - t 

mat mn mti-rval scponitcn the mvro clonacal cdkobni 
Amn tbr politlt^al p!uI.xtnj^Hor, K>)r cm II bo riotililaj 
thikt ■ tivaEicci whi{!h, brftnnj; thi> nanif* of H> eaphmnl 
i cntic, attacked the ftunlamcntal pdjtciplw of alt Crrtf 



i 




govtniiiHnb. rniut, if Ridbnd to raBalxi lutRSfircred, 
Imtu pin»iiKtt] a most peniicioau cSbd oit Uie pttblic 

Wo 'viali to fl^ a fuKr wordi rvUdTit to anuCher fttt^ 

Tte vt «Bdiiiin*tic vptary of lib«vLy ■liould MiKWpt 
oflkv uiiiler * BiJiCdfy u*urpi:r mvoijs no cloabf, it Hut 
d^iU vxtnardhuiry. But ail tho cboiEmsiancGa in 
^U tb« eouDtrr uw tbcsi placod wisro cactnionUniLT7'> 
Tho isnlutkni of OliTcrwiiA of no rulgv kind. Ho 
nenr mtoia lit have orivvC«<l dfcqiMif poieer* Hc» At 
tiDt fin0t>t fttnecrclv nnd aiaiifii]ty for the PnrtiA^ml, 
»ad n9*w fliM'flHil jt, till it had a«a>ftn«d iu dulv^ If 
ha f^tvolrtd it by fbr:i\ it wna nut tall ho fumiil UuU 
tfe ftw Tannbw iHio n^uftinal nftor sn many dwtM, 
poeevdow, ud nqiQlsiuiw, w«ro duffirom to apptuprian 
tn tliMKwJTOft a pnwcr which i^cj lield emiy m tmit« 
Mid lo uifficL upoo Eftj^irtid thi? mmo of n Vanetkn 
cJifi^fchy, BatfTven wiattn thus f>lMvd b^ iriolenoa at 
Uia beail cif lU&ini, b« did not uwme onlimiieiJ pMre^ 
He gftTtf tW cwoilry a cmucittLEkin &r w-'nt j>erff>«-t 
tiaa aajr whick Wl at that tmi« U^n knuwo iii tba 
world. Hu roformixl ilio rvpraantauvo cvmm in 9 
nmvncff wWh li&s oxiDirtMi pnli« «T«fl frooi Ixird 
OlanttdiMU For himulf ho tenandcd ftidnd the fivst 
placv bi ttio «ominoTiw/4lth ; but vilh pomn •^nmdj 
la gf^ti ai tktKtf uf 1 Uulcli BtMltbolil(Tt nr an Ahma^ 
ittaii prttMtlcni- Ho pivA tho Po^'IiaYniirtt a voire 10 
|1» appvintmciit of Biinbltrt, and IWl rn it th« urhri)« 
l^hJaihrv aatliodtT, not tiven P C Tf r in g to IuiomIF m 
volocmUimarliiMdiu; an J hts did nnt rHfiuro tbat llit 
eiiWJ oMfiBdrmLjr iliottLI no hcroditary in ]ti* liunilr. 
Una bi v« ihbk, if the drciUnataneM of tl:« tin« 





tiui tbe <ippQrtunjdM whii^b Ik* }uu1 of i|gp:V](lJang 
liiDOMlf b» £iifl/ conBclcrad, lie vrill not Imt hj comiH 
j^lbmoa vitU Woaluu^tun ur Bolivar. lUd kii nod^^ 
cniiaii been met by comupgciiUii^ luoilomticmi ihuro it 
no noMii u> ihuik that ho yroM h^rt ovfintqifiod il^^ 

found tkfti bu [Htfluuiiirflila iftioOufittl tlie atilhontj 
nnlar wJucJi Umjt met, Hnd iksL lio kuji in daJige: 
bcdng dtfimwd of tlmf nMlncMd ]H>w«r wtuc4i wu 
laloly iMCStttry to his pvrKoul Mfetf, then, it iiioa 
BCkiiowlod]^. ho a^i»wl % more ubllruy poltty. 
Vet, dioB^ we beUeve th»t tli« iniuniiuw ot' Ci 
Wfll wen ni Hrvt hoticiit, though wc facli<T& that ha 
WAA 4|rtT«ii 6oB) ihc noUo oourae yihkh ba hid inukml 
out for liimsdf by tbe almoat araastililo fbro* of or* 
ciDikvlancMi tboD^ wc admire, in coamoit vilh slL 
Euon uf »ll pHiliia, thu ability uiid iAwr};y uT hii aplui>- 
did ■diniiuMnUwn, «« an not ptettdiiig for arbitrurj 
utd UwJQM powett ovM in hii haiKk. Wo kiunr ihat 
a gped cocitdtutkn U in&ml^jr hciwr than the 
d«^L Bai wo insfK^t, tJuit at tho tiua of whirh 
ifkoUu ih« TiolaK» of reUgioui and politicAl 
Etsulend a iteUe ftnd bipp/ BoUlemfnt mext Bo inj 
vhW^ Xho choice by, noc betweni Orunvroll uiiij lil 
wty* bui U4W0WI CvwnvuU iod the SUmi«. 
Uiitoo ehota wdi, tto mun can doubt who ftwiy 
pwa iho imnts of iho prococuinte with t]i«M uf tho 
ikiTty ymrt which mcrvi^ded it, the ikHuct a«d mau 
du^ncofhl m ihc RnglBh tmuUt, CromvvolJ wai 
oviHcfttlj laying, ihoyf^h io an irr«|;tdar toanmr, tho 
KnuidattOBi of an admimhlc lyAtpm, Never bHm 
Wl ToJigiovt Hbo^ iu)d the frntknn of i|BV«ai«ai booD 
■tjuycd IB a ifimtcE dqpvOk Nvt«r had the nutiuiHl 
honour bv<n better u^iUdohmailt or th« Mil of Ji 



1 



vn^Tooi, 



S$1 



ktl«r fllM ftl bivno- And it wa^ nraVy that any: a\> 
foiition «1^i<Ji vli^ftitnl sluirt uTv^i rvWliuit jifuvuk^^ 
dm K?«nur3crni of th? inxrraJ and Bu^g^naiAunift usurper 
Tha imtituiioni w|udi be lud wttbliilwl, u M>t dowii 
in tKiT iLuOununt of Gavj-mi»caCt ami iIm Humlik 
reiiliun ^nd Adnco, viero«»vJlmU Iliii pruclMit, it 
if tTii«, tiA> ut'^j^n (iei»rte<l &oin th* tbeoi^ of thim 
iiuliiutiuiii. liuU 1^^ ^ liwt ih fcvr jf«n longer, U 
k (iToballti tiiuC £ii» tiKllUiUiustt wonkl bare Mir*i%vd 
him, and ilut ba ubdinry (rncUce wWd W^ diod 
vith him. UU power twl iwt btton oaiuMcnt«d hy 
tncient pr^mlicufL It wfti DphdJ unly by ii» gp«at 
|i«rsoittl qiutitivA. Little, dicnribriN was ti> Ik dradod 
Irm a nfcotKl p[x4i>ct"r, iinlfw^ hn w^re «Im> a Mcotid 
Oliver CruBKicU- Tbu vwau wliicb fb]li>««il 1im (!»■ 
GuBBl* MV tUt Bust conploUt vindiCAtiuii ciT llt^oe wUo 
CMTUad tlwBvdTvtf to ujibuld ha Autl^orJly. IIU doaib 
divalvod ibo irbole ttuiMi <^ socioiy. Tht viny na« 
^juut tb« ivriiunent, ibc difTarcoi carpi of Uiq armj 
p|-BWM oanb oihcr> 8f«t mvud Uj;v»t A^^^ Pfirty 
ploUod ^KiiiM |Artv. TSn Pr««bjicriui9« in tluxr 
^pm^ to bw ruvAi|p?<l nu 0^ Ind«fkmdf«its, «ucri* 
ievd dwir own Ulmrtj, asd duwrvd aU Ibnr old prio 
cipUsL. WillioQt ciutiii^ una kUbcc ou tlw iMOt, q« 
fr^Qinng otic MipidAtJUil tW Uj*5 IuUuw, tJi«j threw 
;>-bii tl^r tris>it>ai At tiic leec cf tL« iMMt (nvoluin 
ittd b4»rtJo«a uf tyruiiA. 

Tl»m csJiM UioAc (Uj:i, ncT«r t^ he ri«calied wilhiwl 
» btiub, tJiij (kya of «en>tiid(T wiihouv toynllj Aod o«D- 
«Mliiy wiiliJ^ut ktv«, of dwu&«h UlooU and ^>Mttc 
tioB, tlio piradistt i/ ojli bcaru ud narrov ittioih, 
IIjv pidcA N(co uf tbu cu^^ard, iIm bi^ aad tbv «l«v«, 
rW King cxiogod ti> )\k rival ibat \i-i nugbt trnnpU 
UQ U* p«pjd«, mik ijiUk a Tic«««y of FniKv* asd |Mck- 



SAS 



»lLTf>V. 




otodt vilh MBiplacciri infMrnj, her ikf^Aair itim 
■nd bv mor^ ilf^rwlhig gc>^ '^'i^ rar t - wi M of 
And ill* JMilA ot bn^bofu, rrgnlAtAl ih.^ polvy of 
tlabp. Tb« i^overnmviit liad jiwl abililr enoojih 
docdwv Hod jott nfligiiciii ono^b to pctwcDlo. 
princtpb* of Ubvrt v inn ih« u:o^ «f f^vfj grin 
connior. uid tin.- AmUhL'tna M&niDatlm «f every (kvr 
b^ dent. In orory hi^sh plftcc, wonhip wn piiji 
Crurlfi* ui'l Janen, Bi^lbl ftn<l Molodi ; anr) Eiif^, 
prop^ti«in[ tbf»A oSircnc miiI cmd \6oh uriili Itic bl 
af Imt liMt »J>-I br«v«at rlindrvn. Crntft »norr«diK! f 
cHtne, And cli^;rice tA ditf^nins till the nu^« a cciir^H 
of Q«d and ram ««v n vcvind time dnvm fbfth, 
wwidar on Ibe &c« uf th*< ij«rth. snd lo b« a bj 
and a abokkift ciT tlio head to the imtinnft. 

Mo«t nf the r«fiwrkii wTiirh w« h^rc liilhcflo 
<in ihfi pnUfC «li<fni^u<r nf Miliont Appfj to tuto 
■■ DIM of fl UrgQ b<Mly> We atiaO prorf«d to o 
MOM of tfat p«cdiariti«a vliidt dsHinginiibed hua 
nu cMttampornnak And* tor awl pvrpoav. i1 ^ 
luy te taitv ft ■hort turroy or dio putic* into w 
^ political wvrldwM at tUtioMifivJdita. We 
[wmiMi thftt o«r oh*o-railot« an nrtttnded to app 
»r!y u% tbMo who idbercd, from a airMyrrv pMi;n*i 
10 one or to tKe 4>^ier side. In daji uf public rom 
tioQ, evWT fhotlen, Kki? an (IrieRtjil mimy, b al 
by a cmwd of cainp-fuHowtT>^ an ate]«ai vnd h 
rabbtn, «bo |m>wl round it* fioe of mrch in the 
vTptckini^ upiaeaAthtng ondor itt pfoteetm, but 
a in ihn (lay cf battle md oftva join to exlvmi 
aftrr a d«lraU England, at Iho tfiao oF wkicb 
tPMtliiG:, aboamlod with firile and vAlfbh p^ltida 
who trantfifSTfil thmr mppoft to «\'r<Ty (pn-ommnt M 
i nvioi wlin kii»d tbo hand nf tlie King in 16 10 



^ 



KlLtOX. 



M« 



^ttt in lui fikci< in If^ld. wKn thmiii^ff vthh A^ial gW 
irti<-n Oti>«iw**U w** tTiaugiinilfd in \Vt»i!initntpr HaJl 
ami »1im he v-^i clu[{ oii to b^ tivkpstf at T^l>um, w)i<i 
ifiiunJ on talvoi* faiacU, or «.tQclc tip mtk-trani^tw, su 
dramnMuiow ftll«c«d, whhoVii liie slff-liuvt dtuUM ot 
rvyniCiuiiMb Tb«fo vro Icatq mu of tlio ftf«onnt. Wi 
ukc GOT i7«thii4io of pvtwi fttim thosL-^ who nwJIjr d^ 
nrro to ho nlled pftrti^afii. 

Wu wonkl «pejik lint af iho PurTbtn^ Iho nr^t f^ 
aaJtilJo \t*tdy of ir«fit perfi*|W, whirli the wurid li 
fftr prOflvfvcL The odi<iib oiid rittirutum port* f#' 
U*eir chmctv li^ on ihc iur£iieiL JI# UiikC nina nuy 
npl tiMB ; itor havo ibcr« bven vL^nnim;^ acuniiv^ 
MmI BitiiciaQ* olncTTVTV to poant thrm out> Fc* muiy 
jxnn after tho liogtonuiosi* th«7 «rer^ lli« theme of un- 
BBMinwi JnvMtive inii <ipAria»«i. Tlmir wi-n? I'xpowd 
k> tike ntmoit tiatntiDami^tt ttf lhl^ pm arxt i*f Iho 
■Npi. al th9 timD when th« pms kiuI tho ^U^ vrcni 
BM*t IkvBlJouf. "Hhvy vera nut mtnt of lutt^a* ; t^^>vy^J 
■i«n3v M % body, uopofiakr ; tlivy rcuhl ii«t ikAri 
thenavlTiM ; wui til* public wmkld nnt talro tWrn undur 
itt pMootim. Xbey w«n Uic-rflforv ahandoTitsd, wkh- 
odi fVBvrr^ to the Cimdcr mercies of itin i^drvis urtd 
dmiMtiita. Tlio o0<«(iUtLoi» iLimplinry of th^rr di 
then' loiu- nop-^ tbtir n&nl 1w&l^(, their ^lilf imthire^ 

|iihfWiB wkici) iJiey introduci^ on «rrMy ftcm^Eui* lh 
atntcflipt nf btinouEi liennmiK, thwir dvtiutniivn ut' pulii 
iw^fpwim w«ro ind>«d fiiir gvmo fiT lW Iflitgh 
Bui K b noi fn>ni Uiu lau^hvrx Blooe tluu thtt phij 
ahj uf hotovy b to be kftniL And be wbo mm 
'Iw au1ii«Ct ibnuld rarofnilj gp^ agnini* tlw inlliiavtcfl 
«f ilut potant nilicuin wlikib Im alrinul^ mtMloil m 
yMnv KKceUaat wdlanL 



JM 



■namt 



L'Jit mntil p<f\|l^ bi m amtimt^ 
Bat qod iHiv t Am nMD* 4Mla. 
ffJwJfiTii**ir iTtririTtot" 

TboM ulio fOUMd Iho tvofilo to TcnxliiAn^ whi 

^fntttl UlQir qwwiins tliFotiftb & lon^ Mne* of ttTOIlflL 
wtM> fbrmcLl, uut i4' the m<»4 uoprointtuig buO^ 
lI», tbv fiiHwt antijr UuU finrofw hid vr^ wtmu wbo 
tiamj4c4 down Kioj^ Cbnvdi* awl Arislon«c;f, vImh 
Id tbt fboTtiBtflmlitif donixdc vcdilkin and ivbtllian, 
lodi ifaa name of England lomble lo ovwy nadon on 
iho &c« of tbv uarii. w^zrv no nU^r fiuiitiiv. Most 
4 tbdr fthmriltdcs were mere exicmaJ fcadgw^ like iho 
of frecmaamr^, or iha drnwa of tHan. W0 
'tvv:i«t ihit lliur bad)^ wen not mora altntlivTL 
\Vc rq^ret Utat a body 10 «ho« oosragio mad ultfftU 
ham ow«l iDttUittftU* oliligatiaaia Itad not ih« 
ly <t i|pm c ^ wUcU dutki^ru'*'^ aouw uf Um> m^ 
livncU gf Cbarfai tbu Fint, or liw cwy goocUbrvoding 
wlucb Uw court of Cliarlea iha Saoond arta wlv- 
iinJed. BuUtfwc oiiut makoonrdioicDtWQsfaalJtlUn 
Itaawnio in 1)10 pbiy, turn fmn\ iht. jf-tinaiM rwJtviA 
wfajcb oowlfttn only iba Danth'a haad a&d tba Pool*a 
lii*d, and ix «n the phkiii leaim cbcMt which tmctak 
lliv tiiaiaun:. A 

Ttia j'nriuua wvrm nwn wb(»a miada had daifvad • 
|Mouliai' dmraictor from tij» daBy contoaplBtMn of «u 
baMga aad aVcmal wiorona, Hm vvncvoi with 
rM^Bfi. b foml lama, an orccrulkig Pnri- 
>4ifliWi ibvj habatualLy ascribed ewvry cvem to iW will 
af Uio Gtiwt Kdi^^ Ibr ivboNi pow« BDChm|c vu tcrj 
aaait for wIm«o tmiicclion noibiu^ mm too laimitff. To 
knoHT faJVf to Krve trin, to a^joy butt ^** ^^ tibaan 
Llia Uraai end of <MdMAnoa. Tbay r^jacud with coi»^ 
*nnpl ibo cvumoBiooft buwva widob Olfaar Nffia 



-'-'"^^ 



1 



lOLTOII. 



niluUd for iW pnrc v^onJiip of i\^ fioiil In«Uwi i4 
ntcLiog occwucift] gUmpAU ot ilie Dviiy tlinwj^b au 
itWuni^; rtalf tb^ wpind ta ^^uc fiill on his i&taZcr 
tblM lirigLtiKPA, jin^ 1o o:uiurtunii wltli him fac^ to &ir^ 
U«iKc ijdipuntvJ tlitfir ouriti^iupt fur terrvriiul U»iticio 
IkoUh Ilia diflvntiou bctvvui tho griKLiMt md 
DMiaiNt of tuunkiod AMUivd !■> vikllUL* wluBii co<ii|<weil 
witli tlio boundlcM intcrvjil whidi iwpantvd the wliola 
rM)0 Jram liun mi wluim their ovm oyo wica« (*i>QilU3i 
if fixed. XUey recogiufttd no tlil« to exi| bul 

aU tke accu(n|JiAlijnanl* ftiti) a\l ihc d^Uio dT the 
wdtIiL If tbuy w«c« iiDftcqiiUfiU'd viih Ht^ wnirk^ <if 
|Aiik)*opt'VT:* >^i^ P*"*^ tboy wcTO duc])fy tvm\ eh Uia 
OTtttflw ;>r GtnL ir Uuiir DAUMfl vera nut fotuid lii 
n^tten of lionldet. they wur>3 rvcof^od iii Uit' Book 
lib, !f thdr dqu were not accoai|fuiioii b/ a «^]i 
4id ttnfii of m43iuiU, Iq^'mu of ultd^crli^ An^gab htd 
cW]gc oTET tlkcin- Their pokcca -n^rrc Unuo* oat 
VUMk wiUi tiandji ; iLeir duuJAnu crownn of ^niy' 
«likli ilioidd iHsi^r Ikte nniy. Oh tlw rich >k»d tliv 
tloquuiit, OD noUo aad prwXn they Ivoknl dowu wUl|, 
OMiUnpt i for EJMry wt^toi^ ihvniMiviM rich in ft imii 
ppcdou* tnsttin, uid vli^ucot iu a moro tuUinic 
gufi^ tujhU% hy the figlit of on earlier crcstkni, 
pmCa b/ tJu3 ubj^otftion ^ » Dustier Land- Tlit] 
¥in7 tn^floeit of Uieis V4» ji UinK to wWc I'&te « tiiyi 
,»wu uid Urnlf£« iiikpodiuict; bcioii^«i, un vIi<b« 
th|tlik«l m^ijtja tbu sptntd uf li(;ht Jiod d^rkuaM IooKlmI 
miih ftuiioiH iatvrcstt who bod h«n (ieOicwdt bel'c 
Uftvtui andovlh vhoni cmmod, Lo voje^^tidicitj? wl 
«litfcdd cDcstinou whv» huAv«a luid uafilk «lMMild hiLv^t 
punad uvnj, ErtatU which «hart-4^)tvd pvittid^iw 
ncribttl tu ««rthly caaus htd hcoi arduii«d bu hit 



I 



2Ge vLrai. 

yyy^uil. For hm sak« (^{ktm IukI rivn, >rid lluur- 
»Jio<I, *nJ i!«-aT^I. Far ha% «ak<- VIk^ Ahni^itity Vml 
|«iN'liiiii«tl hit Mrill l>j ibe |*eii of lliu Ktin^-li^i, &itd 
ill* luirp of the i>Tcii|itei H« hnJ liiyti vtweiuI by nO 
commmi ^iv«ror ftom tbo ^rvp of oo (^ncnmnn 0Ui 
H« Ittd been nasoiiked l^y die swcai 1/ no \-uli-Ar 
Rflrm^t bj ibn MomI of ao otrthJj iMffiAco. It mu fiif 
him l}i«t lliA Min h:i/I hivik rfurlcfwird, ihtf lh« roflc« 
liuj Ixtm rcntt Ihat t}ic ^ftnuj i^ail risen, that all tiatar* 
fuel iiliLvlik>rvd at On rnitUmn^ of her «9rp!mig t^^A. fl 

Thia UiV i'unlaTi wm« mnrli? up uf two tlt:ff!»rtnt vtvOf 
Uiconvall «lf*ab«»(!nniiit. (wniteniev, ^tiFodow pHMwia. 
llio oclwr procMl. ralm, !nf1«3rifit«, fagftdmn. Hi> f-ro*- 
tnc^ bimsclf in i3w dust before hfct ?kfaktr: but lie aei 
hk IW Ml thiT ntv-k nf Mi kmjt. In hia d^trfiand nv 
lifrfiipnl, bn praj«>i wilh wm^^Jl*i•fll^ aiwl ^ait^ and 
bnra. He wav li«1^ij|ijd«n«d 1^ j^bhom or ivmbfo 
i1lu»Mina. l!o UtAfd lilt Ijrw of ctigvb or th0 tvfnp^ 
big whifffeA of fivTtrfe. He mujilit a f;)«nm of tb« 
Bnuific Vukiti, or waIu »crv«Lmiti;R; fhnn ilnam of ^ 
•rMiMinff fir«i, LIIm Vfttiov h« tboi^ht btnMtf !»- | 
IfidViI witli tlt« ikrcptn; of lb6 niH^niiial vivf. t*fl» 
n«HiToncI, Im rH«t in th« fc^ilmm^Hi nf hw toaH lfa>t 
divl Wl )iiil biif ^e IVrnn him. Rnl when h* tank bii 
•At in fhw ^wincil, or ffirl ari Im twtm-A for war, iImh 
Tiw jKvtnottt wnrkinga (^ l)iv «o«l had Mt na fwttvfrii* 
bio inc» belaud tlicvti Pofip)QWb& Hi« DOthlnj* of 
iJbe godly but tbdr tinxmlli vi«gc>, and bvttrd itcthbff 
niMit ibcm' )mt thrlr gnntt ami Uirir whlitfn-^ Innnm, 
iiu^*fit laii^ 01 Ihftn. but tLoM had finte retMti co 
■aiij^ wba nvMAUred 1h*n in tbf ball </ dv4iitA ut 
ti fUff ArLI </ tidtili-. T)iMi> fwMtira br«iu^hT fo riWI 
tnd TiiiHlary afUrs a ro«li>n« of jndy^mmt and an im- 

b. III J 



w 



IIR.TOX. 



nriMii««teitt wiiii thi^ir rdipOTu mil, bat wliidi 
m CftCL iW n«c«ttury vflwts oc" tU Tb«r tiU«mly ui^ Ui«ir 
Mciiip ou txto eubjbd amiiv dwoi bwiqiul un ovviy 
nUwf. Ono DTvrpow<!trin^ idiiinwrtt hiul sitbfveiod to 
ItmlT fiftr umI hatrwU Aonbiifoii aitd ftiKr. DeacJi Imd 
lott »(a teiron uiil plounre itt cbftnnd. They JhuI 
thisr imilni anil dbkr 1mm, ihrar raptiiret uiil ihett 
>umi>r», bul nA tur Uiv ihinfp gf Cti^ irorUl. Ktiilin- 
■uum b»d m%iie ibvm StuicKi lutd dmrvd lixdr luiiii^ 
fixiEQ «T«fy miliar f«Mua lutd prvjadic^t and nii>^ 
tbm aboro ibv iiilhicoc* <jir tbiycvr u»l of irDmpUini- 
It iomiiin no migiit IomI ihent id pimuu unwbc undi, 
but uflfcr torbuo4i> uiiwbi9tu«ana. Tlify vro»t tli 
lln woHd, like Sir ATteg;:»r« iron mim ThIilh wiifa 
fld, crwliing uwt tranipjitijjf'flpvn «ipfin'u>ir«, min^lini; 
vilb bttitttit bvjnji^ Uil bivioi; iaot(lMr pn/l iintf lot m 
boiiHn infinniticK iwcfttiblQ t^j btli^v. In j^lcuurv, And 
l» pain, nol ^ b<# giivixwd b^ viy woapooit not to b« 
vithctood by any barnvr. 

Sncb WQ bohivro lo havo U^d iJio chanutor cf thr 
PuntanA. Wc |Mradr« ttio abmtnlity of tliefr n.cTf- 
iwf«. Wa dU}ika the siUcn j^lixun of thcor duuMMric 
lafcaMv W(> ackiMwlMl^i]! that llio loni» of ihoii DinJi 
K«i oAoh iiTJuiud by itninin^ alW tJiiiiKB tew ha^i lor 
Dtorul raacb : and wo Jcnow that, in ifiui uT tbvr 
baUvd of PupevY, cbej b>o often foil iniv liio wtttit 
net* of ibttt bttd ayMeni, imolvnuire and fEKtrav.if-&rit 
BQ»i«rity, th.ht thc^ hod Uwir attelicaiioi tad ibuir cm* 
«df«, Lhuir I>ucutafk« and tbdr Dc UoflfcriE, tkelr 
Dooiinitt and tlieir Rscobun. Yec^ ^^iMn all drcnm- 
itmitMi Mt> takiNl into cunudifrHtion, W0 do Bot bcaitabe 
tu tirvnooncv \hmm a bnTi?^ a «■*», an bnMal« *od an 
ft«kful body. 

Tbu l^tana ttiMULHi xlw cium of ctTil Ubarti 



I 



rib 



ta 



JCILTOK. 



4 



vru ADOCbv pu^f by iio mcAU nunumuft. bot dU> 
tLiiguiAlM<d bj koniing and abSJI^, vliicii ae^ wiib 
du^ on tvf diflcrcnt [viiiciplca. We speak of tJioie 
whoiu Crcnnwdl wai Aocnaloniied to <*ll Uie HcaiIetiui 
mm wlio wero, iu the plinsvolofiy of ikat Innc, dutiU- 
iag Thoouuw «r audm* QaDIoa wilb ngini lo r^ 
4^ou aaluGCUi bui paMJooaPa won^pfvrt of frwdon. 
H«at«d by tho nady tif anckou Jiumura. t^y ad op 
ihttT coantiy a> their idol, aixl propo*.^ to tiMauBtilTca 
ihe hcrom cil PUiUrch u Uictr oaumplci. The/ aaoA 
to hav« honio Moii- rcacDibJAneo to ilia BnmHuiaa of 
the Fraicb RcnroluckoL Uut il is i»t voiy pMif 1# 
ilmm til* biio of dihdiurtiofi W^'tjipit tliirm and lUr 
lievQut &si«pc>alvi| wliuae tooiu »iid lujuiovr Uivy booh^ 
dmca ftiuiid it DODTcfiioM to tXkct, and lOiDodiaoH it ia 
prohaUe, mipompdUy adopta^ 

Wc iMw coma to Uw BoymliiU. Wt* idmll aliftupt 
to vpcak of tbcm, m wc hire tcpokcn of tbdr anti^ft- 
lilta, yriA pcffect rmwlour. W« »luJl not «Thttf)tia upon 
tt wbol* p^rty t^ piroAi)^^ and baMmva of the lii>rvi> 
ksys, 1,'aaiUun aiid btav^M*, wtwai tlia bo(« ti ticama 
and plaodv aUivctoJ fmia all tbo daud of WUbriUaia 
to dia standard of CluurJoSt and wbo diagrncod tMf 
•■ockm h7 aaacnw wlncli, wdar iba atocM diad 
pfiiM nf the PftHiaNieiiiwy ftiinaea. ««» narer lolmiB^ 
W<» will jiuU-ct a mom fiivouraUa ipcdmcn. Tbtnkir^ 
a» wr do tbat Uia cmuia of tho Kbif* mu the caiiac fif 
bif^try imd tjmiuij, W0 jot oaano4 rxdrain from iouJr 
iif( iriih raoaplaoaDC^ ob tbo cbanctvr of th« Una« 
old Cavalwra. Wo iW a ntttiuiwl pralo b compwug 
tlm witii tba uvttwoi^ti wbicit tba dwpoto of otknr 
mmtrin am cxa^wlkd to onplo}-. with iba oralaa wJia 
ihruo£ titur Miatchmibew, and Uie JaoliaaH«a wba 




I 




iriLTON. 



26$ 



ouMint gunrd *t thfar j^itM. Onr rofsJist conBli^isra 
«-rPc not DTftitlflMf dtn^nf^ coortMn, b^wm^ si t^vory 
lilv^, uid niniwriiiji mt nwy muxL Thry were nol 
nin« UMditnui fbr dMrucliott, ijlnvswl up in lUiHurnia 
quimI into ckill, intoxk«1«i tnl> *«loura Mvudittg 
ritbout lor^ tetrofing wiiliovt iiBttxd. Tbon vnu 
L frcvdom in thdr MibHVriencyi a noblenon in tbetr 
r«nr (iegfidatioii, Ttie tMitimcitl of iiKlividtuU tmle* 
pnnclcfHW wiui iiimng within titf-m. 7\vj vn^ra inclord 
mbledi ho% hy iii> \m» or «e)fifth motive CoiApowkui 
tnd rooiuilk iianunr. thu ftrvjn^kim <i£ ehiidhtKrA, bmI 
llko vnnfnbl^ ruimnt of hiMofj, tbrow over them a 
■p^ll pulml » thni uf l>ut«eB ; uud. liktf thv IM-CruM 

Kni^Ul, dioy thoi^lil llu< djer wow dodng LnUlv fur 
■11 tnjotfi^id bnnt^, \rhik ike)r d^oM m Um awl 
U«th»oia« soroensu. In iruth thtiv it^u^c^f cctored M 
■U iiUo Um meriu nf tlio poliikml (|u«»lU)n* fl ww 
an£ for a CrrarJirn^roi ktn]^ or ivt iiitnl«VMii «li«rrh UmI 
t)w_T fiMa^^U t>ut fur Uie <iJil bmiQcr wliicb liad ivsvcd 
ill to mttny bftttloB oror Ihfi heads oTtbdr &thefv, mil 
fur Ow alun tL mhvdt tbuy liud rcvuivwd ihv liiutiU uf 
Untir britles. Tbot^b niHbing cuolil bu inoni emuiiMia 
Uiav their iwlitiol opinioM, ih/oy ponotcvl. in « liir 
l^«Ai«r dopv« Umn dkdr odvimritti tiou» quilldiM 
wUeh ftro Uie fcnv« of prrrDto tifr« With ouiiy of Itm 
«>m of th« Rnond 'I'sUn, tLty hod oUn nutnr ai iu 
irvrtaes eottrtmy, ^nfrrowly, TCiBcityi t«iid««n«i«i, awl 
rt«f«cl fiir vDUN«i. Thay had fiir motv both of prv* 
rnnid and of |)oU4« lt«niii^ Uisn IIm INuiuiM. Tiivii 
muiiinn wun? aum CQ||ac£ui|& iMr Unopen sum «db- 
kUo. Undr tafiQ* own dupuit^ ud dmir bumchoUi 

.Milriifi did t>ot >lrip|Jjr Ukmg lo uny i/T Uio cluan 
bliKiJi «*- }«iu 4»<:hbtd. He wa* Dot ■ PuriiaB. H« 



4 



j-^i-^ 



.2W MiLToet' 



iMit H rnvLltisiW. tlo WB* not A UajaIxiL 
lib <.'harK~lifr Um tiubfml i|uiUiUift uftavMcy jMuljr urui 
miubinod tii Juumoruoiw unkuL. Pi\aii tlm ru^«mcnl 
■lid frota the Court, fifom tlw cuoroatidd vid trooi tlw 
(nitiilt! cIdUio-. hoin lilt glguaujr wkd MjHilchnJ cMa 
' (tif HointidhcwU, aad fran iIm ChrUtakM nitcl uf 
liu»jjil«tbii^ UavAliitr, hn iiftturo •nlcci^ and draw 

ftU (be Imm umI pcniidmu Dij^nMliaDlt bjF wlucL tlio** 
tiiK*r v^cvuimiB wtm dvlUviL LiLv Uiitf Fudtutot I4 

Likt^ thiNii, he fc«]}t liii muid cooIiuiaII/ fixod «i ja 
Alm!|£luy JqcIki) Aiid aji ettciuil jrawud. Aiid hence 
htf )uv|Qiiyti iLtM contenkpc of nxtcmtl chtiuniU tifin ^ 
tlinr Airtjliid«, lli«^r UwiquiJliiy, *JMir ialUxUJo rtAula- 
ijijri. liiii nut the cmJ«»t ■oa|>4ic or tJiQ nioM |irofiuko 
puoflirr ««! lam |>oH«cUy Im frou Um Gmisfioii of 
tbctr ftuitic dulttiiWMi Uirir >avag» iiwinun. ihcir hK 
diciviui jyi^QH, Uiar tcora d^ nonc^, B»d Uw Av«^ 
iiiiii 10 filMUnri^ Unilng ^tuiK/ wUli r porfiDei 
^jatml. hr IjmI Dovonkftldu a11 the «fti]iubU md a^■ 
i>fti£t['niA| f|UAliiia« whiii^ ««ro aiiapil imtir«lj nonop- 
^umI bj^ ibe pictjr 4if cUr tyncit. Tboni wet wmm 
vrliD had ft rtron^ Mm* of iho valu« of Kuomimv, m 
Hnor raUili far 9ttwy ttUcputl nnwmiadiiU or h norv 
duvidrou dulkmcy of huBour tad loris. Tbuiqgh l» 
ofaujuno w<d<o duBooKiic. hii iMov and ha um»- 
tionu w<a« oudi aft httrmooBO bcM vHUi monarehy Bod 
ttl^eocnicr. Uu was imdirTr iho influence of aU Umi 
Ircltiipk by vliirJi di« s^Uuil Cftvalior* w^ro owImL 
Dtii <i ibwv fetdinip hv «M the mMler nnd ool tlw 
vUtol tiikv Uiv hvro of Hoaur, bo ot|)o^ ill ibt 
*(loaMB« of JiirinMiiin ;. but bo «>» im bvlMMJb«l 



m 




1 



I 

I 
I 



i 



niLTOBL 



SI 



il« IstcMd u> tbo wng of tLc Sjraia ; jd he glided 
by wiiliuQC bdiig ecdiicoii lo Uictr fiual &!'^orr- Hi> 
u-i<>d tLo cDp of Circe ; liut bu l»r« ahuui hiiA a sun: 
uilHl«ftD Kgunil tbc efi«cU <ri^ iu bcwitniih^ mrodncu. 

un^ttirod Iu* reuaouKUf^ |>ovrrh Thv »ulwnuu 
ptMif vfinhut ibo fplandiKir, tba wlctnnky, »iuj 
nmuKQ vtuch eaohftnted tlio p-Mi. Aiiy pci wu uIm, 
will GOQtnut thti BCDtuncDb exprtwud in bU trefttii*« 
o) PrcJAcy with tlic flxquuiut itiia» «ik ncclonuticd 
arditt«cturu uni miuk in tlie Pfiitverono, whidi wu 
paUkbod ftboot tbc nine Lime, will ondcntiLnd our 
pwaiftg^ TIja a iii itrcvriMduic^ vthkiii uiurv Uma 
■ny tfaing doc. num tui clioriicivt in vur "*'»■"" y'^, 
iMMiAtt It ilio«« bow mamj private toBUt^ and foclingB 
he iacfinriTT. in order to do what )ic e<iiuiEl<7iHi \ua 
duty to aumldnd. I: u tbc verv atriiQ;1« of Ui« noAiIa 
OtKillix IIm liewt nlooix; but hi« l<&nd is Unn. He 
iIdw Doai^iL bi bftCe, bit ail m 1k4iuuu He kiw* tbo 
Ivauliful ibn.iiiv«r Wore he dotUoyn liur. 

lint fmm wlikb liic public cbMr<ict«r gf MilLm 
rivM IQ gtMt uid p««uliv ftploDJuvir, uill rainiw 
b« Montinififl. If be «»enod tiuui^ to tn^athrow ^\ 
facMrom king u»d a ponccutiiig hi<3mrchy, be urotcd 
knuM' m oCHvuscdoQ wiiii othuim. Itui the ^rj of 
th* baJtio wbicb be fimRht J«r tJiu tpccirA of fn^iilovh 
«lucli u tbo niMt valiublu, And wbicb w» tlivp tli4 
le*4 undontvudt tlub Cfvuduok of tbo buibui uumd, t^- 
tli bi« ntrv- TbouMJidt aad ten* of dwuiiuid* «iku(^ 
bk commponrioi niMd tiieir vtiicw o^ftit Sbip^ 
tBDDDy 1 ' ' Sur^bAi&ber. fEut tbcn> wau £jk 
bidw^i ' 'rnol the marc taoi^ crib of mcral 

ind inC«liBccwd nUt^i viil Um b«M6u wiich irould 
volt fhw tbo bbwrty of tbo ^nu Mui Uie iiiiTtflterHJ 



Mon^isL^ of ;;rir»to Jtidf^nMoL T]iei« «cve tlw «l^«li 
whiclk MiliAn jwtly covodred to be the mim impor 
uitt. Hfl wttd dflriroiu Oiat t1i«i p«i^1r sbiwM ikink 
>t>r th^tnwlvea » wdl «s lax i>i»iip|r«A, ami ilioiiW 
be «4njmciFst«d from tl>« <loniiuon vf prvjod«c« i« wfJI 
u rniHi UiBt of Chul«s^ H« kn<^ Unit ihotv wlw, 
with th« bott Inttntkin*, orcrloolcoil thnpe ariiflmaa of 
rdbmi, imd »ntcat«l ihtnftvrlvca whJi p«l1tii£ <1<>wb 
ihe Kiiif; nni! imjmiHiuin^ tliv nMl%nilnta, MTt«i| liki* 
tbc bccdlcM bn>thc<« m hi« (twB pncm, wl«o, in 1b^ 
v«|i;^n«A to dEffpcm lli^ train of lK« fti>rr«rrr, ii4i|»l^rri 
the iiw*Ti9 of libtmtind the Mfdrc. Thcj thmi|[bl 
only of oonquering vh^ tboj *hou1iJ luiV UiOO^I «< 

11a iiAd (senile fbllan fiic^ hiA i»iCJai|]aiB * 

To rettme the rod, In »p*IJ (ho cfriimi lieickwarJ, to 
braak Ihu Liv wliiob bourn) a «(s|wHmI jieoplo lo tiM 
M<ttt of endomtOMnt. ^na the noUI« ilm of KliltDci, 
To tliiv dl h» ptiblic Fondorfl vrsf dirocCMl, For titia ^ 
bo Jofarad th* PnvbytCTwit : for thb h« ^unook thom. ■ 
He Ibofiht tlivtr p«nVov lMtU<^i boi h* tnmw! inemj ^ 
ir^ dwliim froin th^ inws)fnt tnnri|>k- lln mw 
tknt ib^, Ukn tbo4e whom ttwy hjid trnm^niiml, wiv 
hostl(e to tbo lily-rtj ^ tboo^bt. Ho ihrroTorv joinoil 
diA Ini^rpffiwItffTK n»iffdW«pon€rom«w*ll to bi^ 
Ibc *i;cuIri c^hna, uh! to nr« frw vor^tr7iu*v trtim tbo 
iMwr of Ibu Pmibytvnin wolf. Witb i vieir io tl>v 
mtn« graot of^ofl, he ftttftcfcnl ibp 1E<«^jitij7 B/»icBk 
tn t1i4i snbGmu tmtit^ wbich cvrnr luif^mm ftbovld 
irmr u ft i«|cn upon btt hvid and tJi frimtbtlj* brtwfint 
I^jI cjv*. Hu illacks »vre, in gmenJ, directn) hn 




< 



^^ 



i 



Mt^TOH. 



fta 



l^tf ftcrvikf woTifaip of couivml man Mid tb« inatkniMll 
drMul of iiuiortltoo. 

That h« riii^il bLak« i!ie fonadatioBft of l1i«fr« 
l«lii^ M^liiivanti more dltctatlt^, h« nlwuj* jclcetod' 
fcr Itnfkscir ihp K^klcsl Kicmrr »i<TVTr<M. H*? m^of 
r»rn(* »!> In llio it-ar, wliirfi tLc oot^irtirkd hid Lma' 
imrriMl and the l>reMr.h ontPf«l. Hp pffta*^ Inta ihm' 
fi>tlnm bn|u\ Ac ih* li*-giiinTiti: of il»e H^^ngoii, 1m 

prvTfttI, (iv |d»t«<(J un to olbt-r milijeciA, and abfliidorLud 
fkrelAiq' !/> ibu crnwj of writtrs wbn now httilcneJ Co 
innlt n fiulfng i^rtj-, IVrr i» no more huvd(>cit 
micrpw ihftn lJi>t of k-^rinfi; the lorrh of truth Intu 
tbq« ilnic ttnd infr^tnl rttc^t^ m whkh ni> Ii^t W 
(ffttr iliotio. Hilt it wsMt th« clM>ic4« nn4 ibo |»l«Muni 
of UiltOQ to pmi-tmte tJi« nottonu npourk uhI to 
bn^o the l^mljlo 4aq>1o«i4n. TIilxc wJio moM demf^ 

wliicb htr ndunittitVTd them. He, fn gcnt^nl, left %o 
olbon the rrwfit of rrfHTflfidir;* athI drfniffing tho 
pAfMiUr jttrtK cf hn rvlif^iritii jiRfl poTitj^ rrvrd. 1l« 
lortk his mm cTaw! ujKm fJ><np whii^h the (T'^ii^ ho^ly 
of hit co«iBlT}inm ivprvbcilcil vt (Trrniiii^t '^r dorvlixt 
m prndmciul. He «tood up fi>r dtvorcQ und f«gk?ilv. 
H« sttacb^d thQ provxiling fyntuu cf «dacitkkii. Hit 
nifiant And Umcfict-nt cunrr rcwmblwi thu of iIm 
god of H^t n»d fS^itilitv. 

n H lo b» r9gr«lt«<i thai Hnr pravu writicit^ o^ Mi^ 
«o ilKnilil, in oar t^ove, be m Sttlu muL A» coflv 



L 



W\ ttLLTOlC 

pMtkniiJt, dHj^dlMva th« Attcntfon of tvety mm mht 
irb^ to b«eona6 arquaiittLH) witli iIk? IiiII |hiw«t <jif 
tho E^fjiib luifEU^o- Xticj abottiui wtilj jiku«^^ 
conifktrcii witJi uliich Uio f^ii««l dvckuisxUitu d BurL« 
tmk ixito indg^iifieafiue. Tb«j ktv a pcriuct Md of 
daih of gold, 'fbo «^ b niff wiih i-ofgoow oi» 
brojd^. Kol own la Ui« c»Hier boolu of tin- Poi^^ 
dke UaA has iko grcot poet ercr ntcn higher thui in 
lliooo fiOU of hio cOTttroTfovjil wuclui iii whl<4i kit 
fiTvlnif;^^ cxdt«il b7 fouAJct^ find a tent m bunto irfl 
doirocknial aiul Jjmc rtplorvb It U, to borvow bu own 
m^fcMic JjEui^iLi^, ■■'■ jft 4«f«i£j]il cLMni» of boUoUfiiilia 
wad l«<|niiiz ■ymphumo." 

We Wt inuaukd to look mar? cl^;«ri5 at thow fw 
luRnjuiciAi u> onolyte ihe fc^xiiiAritio* of dio dtcbun, 
lo dvroll at lomo lungkk on llic tfobUnie wiiduni of tho 
ANOfM^lM uid tho ticTYDKu riinlonc of tb« Uxmo- 
f^ty aikI to point ont nmt of xitvta ivfEnificent pno* 
iV£i3i vftktj 'lovur in the TzvilMo of iicfijiwmtkui, ami 
tlw AriiouiJviftHUDi on tiio RvnwftMrmiii* Hal tL« 
Inwlb to whidi ow nuxMrk* Iwvu tilivocijr vxt-ndod 
mocn this impoMUo, 

Wo MUSI oencliHl& And jot wu cvb acvccIj \mt, 
ourM^VDS owijr ftom tlio aabjcct. TbG ila>'» imskoiU*, 
4E0I7' UAUtwing tbo puUicoEiuK of tku relic «f Milton 
■ppdnr tu be pbculiftHjr mA Ajart, «k<i ooookai^ H> 
hi* m^Bnory. Aik! wa ilull tORMljr bo ocmun^ tl^ 
Dti l1ii« |ii» fixliivl, wv bcr rmilJ liBgoril^ qiat \aM 
tktint^, liQW vuitbtiMft i»»«oc mtky Ui tbu ufl«cia|- wUkb 
wo bi ing to JL WkiU thii bock liia on our ubitv wv 
■Mm to b« ooawsiporvMS of Uio writur, W« wo 
lnni|kir(0(l a bnndfod onil 6iiy jreon bodi' Wu con 
iJlD04t iancjr that wc «m vuitmg bim in lik moll Iodlg> 
mg i tbal wo lee bin oiUimt U tbii uM c«]£u beoeotfa 



A^JL 



Bn-TOK, 



96fi 



die ^nhA stv«a lum^p \ thti wo c#n nMi tlw i,tiic^ 
l^iBkleof Kin cftA^ rolling in vaui Ia Und llic riAr, 
ihftt «« aro rv4iding in the liii^a of Ktn wAAt counii 
nifice ihr prowl Hid monnif-il tiidtorj of liU jeWj- «uJ 

liHA Hfflii'ti"n, W» JtnR^ to oiirirlTrt* Hi* lur.'illil*** 
niJmov m wLidi nv tbuuld M^ivn io liM 9li{*1iti<«t w-.-nl, 

tiiie pAJccioiuM VDiMTftijofi with wbicb vro fhould knfvl 
Ui k^ hU hand kn^l wvop ii|Km it* tJic cuneernoN wttfk 
which -^e ahould i^ndenroiir lo console him, if rndmi 
■Dfh a ir^rii cootd nW c<kmnUti<in* ftrr Ihft nogloct of 
AB Bgp nnworltir of his CaTffit^ anif hit vrrtiWH, llm 
wijyrwMW wiiJj Twhioli wb nhtfolff fotitfit with hiv djtitA^ 
l«r», Of wiUt lib lJij:iW-r Tnen*] BUinrl, ili« iiriWr^igv 
of nnding Uotnvr lo hiin, or of tniiug tlowtt tbc 
temorial icooiK* which Hc*wc*) from kin lip*. 

Tbera sro perlrape fi>oli»)i fcrlin--^. T«l ve rannol 
b( uOmmMl of iS«M ; nor ^luti wc ha uvrry if whit 
we }tatrft BTilti^n ihft!1 in Anj li^^i^c vf it^ Uiiiin in 
tAhcT mmdk We «rv noi «iuc:h in tL^ luibii of irloU 
btiig tiUipr tbr* liviitg or tlio drad. Aod wc ihjiik 

tJtal thwv u nu mun; Cvrt»iii iiidicitioD of a Wt&k Ukd 

iO*ngii1>UKl intcUoc:! than tbat propaueitjr which, IW 
vtut of a betUiT nkflnc, w? will vontun? co chHstra 
BaawdlHin. Bat there arc b few elionru^ri which 
I[4TP RiAod tb*i Hi»<«r*l •rnitmy *nd Ihr* ivTTfur l/«l«, 
wbicb Unrv bevn tn«| in tht- funu^v und fijkvi- prov'od 
pori^ which httvu ban woigbnl in lliu bahmco aad 
Imvd doC b««Q fowtd wwtlE^t ifhkli h«T« been ilv- 
cbnsd vterfinf! by tbu pmml co pmal of mankuid, uiJ 
whJch aro riiihly itampw) with the Ims^ uij itip«^ 

rriptJoll of tbe MrkSC Ht^> TIicaO gmt flICD «« 
trvtl ibflt Wi^ know how tn prijvt; ATtd of tbiMf wui 
UiltuQ. Ttie «i||ht of hilt Cxik^ ihr ftound «f hU 
Ajv |4«aM>nl tu ui. Ifi* thoughl* n^vmU* 




v^u 



Wi^TOH. 



thuAv tvlMlial IruiU «ncl floiren ivhioli tlw Viipa 
M&rtjr cf Maviiii^ tma <Wii &cai Um s)uxl«n» of 
PuiuLuc to the ittTtb, uid whi^ w«re diatliigttiiliQd 
fVom tl»^ prodtictionjt of ollior «<nU, nol iwhr hy mip^ 
Hur l4(rfT[n nrxl BWH<nrai| bol bj fluni<ra|iNU eflkwiy 
to jnrifforaic and to hcd. TJict arv |boireriul, ooi 
onl; lu ilulig)ii, but U> «itfv«M uM lAiiSfy. Hoc d» 
w i?nvy Uic nuin wlio am »uidy vitliur tli« li& cv llii? 
wriiingB of iJio gKMl pool and |atriat( witbo&L kspti^ 
ln£ u> etnukuu, not imL^ tJic nUime works with 
which hu gvnius hu cmncKod our Liumttirc* bat tb* 
£i\i) h'ith wbicli hi Inb^iavd fur tbo jxiUio gi'<«i, iba 
fbriituilu wtlh wlucb he oidunvl uTrrjr priraia cnUoh 
itv, i}i« Jofty dttditfji ftiih vfljucb Iji^ ]ooLi>d dovm on 
toll) elation* Liiid tidJii^un, tbv <lvwlly baUvU wbicb ho 
boxv i** bi^joti liTid tynmu, wtjl iI^lt lai:i] which bn iv 
MrnJy k«|ft wkli bk oowiuv mti witb b» hoM. 



P^l 



< 



liACHlAVFXLL> 



H>nlittir.> 



XituMwlioliAroAttaxidcdcollinpnM-dcoof Pur tiio- 
tMrjf iriliu&il oAf woll livw^ tlui> bj ibguia of cqcIhiu 

4ro frcqiii^dy rjialjloj-i Ut uko rogniMiKn <if ciuvi 
IjFtng In-jrofid tUo «|)lici>3 of our Q]%inal Jun»d2<njua, 
W« iwvcl lidrlEy ujr. ihcrofurc. UiiU in iLc pmmt 

Dul Uf iiivitljui;v4 ia &IJ/ AuUw^u^-tit lUigtf of tht- prj- 
fWDkitft^i nod vrhocc iin:nc Li om^^I for t\\ti kJu purptjcw 
cf brin^'ing JkluicJzuvvom mtu court 

Wu douU urIicUkur oiijr iiatnc io liienrj hiatorjr be 
•0 griicf^Iy oditittl &i llinl of Ukc mjut wKcMi rliuju-lr-r 
%ti'A wntiij^ vri5 iiovr fipjpovtr Loco^ndirr. TJio Imii/i 
ill irbuJi hv u roTmnoTilj doicriUxl wuulil vccin to iui' 
port Uat lio fTJU ilw lW;jlttr, tlo KvU rfiiid^o, Uiu 
d»ocir«r«r uf amb-^lioii mud rovmi^, tlio udpiiil Iatcd- 
lor of pcijiir^-, ami that, Ix^i'^iro the pihlioftliun of \m 

lytwit^ or • U^ior, n umiiUtLHl virtue, or a cotivoiiicut 
rH«w- Otvf «*' -Hvoty »»«urt4 ua iKftt MAuricA 

«/ SftxODj lofji' ' Ila ^udu1i;z>t pottrv frvm Uiiit 

UMnlii* ToioiBv, AnvtLtu' riasiuulu ^\mX oiuoe U wM 



■ a 



^lUomTiu rrB^fci>j»r J.y. rtia^ Pifh' 




MAdriATKLLI- 



UvjiHUtoil inlo TuHciih, tlic SuJUm har* b««M 
tii(iic!UH] than iormutiy to iho cwleoo of tXnng^Sag 
th-.'lr hrxhorf. Lon) Lyiulion cbargv* liic pom 
Florcnltiic wiib the mamtold trowofu of di< Inkoifi of 
(tuiw, ftniS with thr maiccirTc of St, H«rllioloraflnr, 
Si^vcntl authon \i»vt<i Iun1^4 lW llif* Gimpowitrf P1o4 
tt to be priouhly ntlnbbtod to hk ilniriiiis, and >.<iii 
to think that lut oflSgy on^it to be mbittiDird for tkat 
of Quy Fttux, m Um« proc«niofiB bj whlcb dio iii|C»< 
nioDA jooth of England anntully coennn^iixinuo tJw 
ftnaermloB of llii* Tlitvo Emalm* Tb« Chotch of 
RAnw bA?i prondttmvH hii workA ftrcuned thio^ 
]fi*r hMViT mir nvn cmntrvtnon U*fi bxrltwArd in um- 
titjinjf tbtti- o^ifoion uf iEn moriU. Ou( or hit foraaow 
thi*y have coined an cprdict fbr a knave, ui^ out 
luB dtrntian nanitt a Hyntwtjm^ for tlio DvtiI^^ 

It 'ji inil*xy| foirvoly jiomMo F:t nnj pe«on, 
irr4] arijiuin?c4l vtiih Ui^ hUl'jvyanjI l^toniluiTr cf ]ta1y« 
tomui wiUioot borror anJ vnuEL-mcnt tlio <^ok-lintHl 
IrmCiflL* whirb hM bmn^t m Anrh obloqnr oo dia 
IMOU* cf MiL-fiiAt^lli. Sucb a cbpljijr tif wirkrilno*, 
naknl yul noE Euhjuonl, nich cool, judkkmK, icicntifTc 
mirocitj', »f>j«itfd fmtlivr to br!<>n£ lu o fteiiJ lluui to 
tliu mttfl i^imrod of n»m. Prinrlplis vlu^b the man 
hdrduncd niSiao wnnlil vmrrvly hinf lo liif modtf tmitff} 
»crim|>)jcvt or atiiw, wiibi>ur the di»|fiaM of kwc ]^* 
liaring nof^Hiim, ctco 1a lib own mind, nn proG^iWi} 
«itboot tbe jJigbt^ > n« Ami a^Rinttt tt 

OM AtDdunenlal hXMii . .': — . ^ - -xiU «c'icoce. 

It b not rtrftn<j'« diAl fjinlinuj r4«d*r» nlwuki rv^tr^ 

Ptft UL OmAb t. 



I 



n t J ag>,Ut>*M*iifc*d1flj fc* i»»i<Ui><pHlBirti— 



I 




aiAGEUAVKLLI. 



Atf BodioT af 9udi a book im the nMt fl«pnii'«r1 am 
i^u»Tqm of binn«A Mng^. WW iik^, howrvon 
tovie ^wijH h^vn rnclin^ to l^oJc tfiIt f^rvut 4uej>irion 
Dti til* xngi^U %nd dsmiom <tf - tJic tiuiltiticle t ^rxl m 
ll« |N^M<tit m^cnrv^v. H»■y^M^I on-wrntia ■!<■*» han^ ImI 
tvvti foptfrtidaJ 4>biurvun to <|tii'su*jii ilie jriiEriv of ilwr 
Ttl^ 4on«l0in. tt is notonom tluti Mti(r1iiar<Jli 
wjB, ihnitt^ lipis A Bialim Tcpablinn. In the aame 
jrear in wfiJoh he (?om|vr»nd 1m mAniml of Km^r«fh> 
hi»A)A?rMi iniftriioiTiTnrnt md tor fa ro m lh<f?niiMrof 
pubfif lihfTrty- It i6«*n» m^ontvirablp that ih* martTT 
of rn-odom nhvitkl lutv^^ iJi^igTi^rlly m^U^ a* tU** nfioatU 
of Ivnmny. Svv^^nl rnunvnt writf^m h»Tv, l)icfv|iirv« 
fiKtatvoanil to detect in ihn imfbcinnato piTrforaiiui<:Q 
wtiw conoralod mMnin^, tnure consbtcot with the 
clumpier and formf i>n dt the AntKor tlutn tWt vliioli 
•ppnui At ihn firm glftn/^ 

OfM 1iypoihp«fEt 14 thit MdchiATdli mtcndcil 1o ^n/> 
ti«e on ^19 yocing f^rona>^o MtxUd a fm^Kl ifimJkr 
to ihmi which StiEiilin'lADd b <sid Ut linve ciiipl<>fod 
•^uast onr JtmcM tbo 3«roml, tnd i}ini ho ur^ hb 
pDpIl lo Tlc>1mi ond pf^rfidlooA mea^no. b« tbo mrwt 
mwu of occclnrUinic th^ lonment of (leljTVT«n«(i ud 
rvwn^ AticUii^r wpp>wtIon which Lord Ih/ctm 
teem to cMintenuico, is th>t t)ic irrttiM: wm mcTFty 
m foooo of ^'nm ironj, iiHwiiM to vt^m miiowt a^uml 
thtt arts of ambilauivt iccn. It would Iw vcnv to fc)iow 
thai Ddtbcr of iliow wTnijOM w coruiTrtciU with many 
paaaa^ in The rHncc Ibrlf. But tlte mnt dtt^ir* 
wfulArion i> th«t whi^ ia llimuilird hy ihtt other works 
of ',r \: v»nj. Tn aTl the writing* which hn ^vc tr 
thi , KivJ in oli chmv which tli? mmrh nf rr\j 

tot* hit*, m the ootino of Ihiw cfmlitrrn^ dn^ovcfud, 
m \m CfflnAdica, tej^od fur tliv vutertakimvni of tba 



vro 



ivunuvsi-i. 



>iiu>Hitiule, In hi* Coumcni^ on lirj, iatm^^l ^ ^^ 
.paniul ci thfr in««l cnthiuuktic [oiriou of PlonuK-v, in 

Ikih H£!ii<ir^-, (ti>cribnj io vnu of llii* ULut muulitc uul 
,«»tnii*U« of ih*: I'iipiM, in Uu |>uUiic ditpiOctiM, in hu 
ipnvtttt nwmurandftt liio umo i^blu^uliy of laonJ priach 
pltj £ir wbicb Tb« Pnnco i» *o aur^rdj cciuurcH ii 
lUMM or lots div^finiUi^. Wr <]ouVrl wbcthdr it vould 
j« puMbli? Ui liikd, in aU iho iTivij vujum<« of lu< 
compuMlioiiB, a sigtc cxpronon mdicjUiitg tliAt £■- 
■inwhitiop waJ tnaachcry IumI vvur»cruck him tt« db- 
ondiublo. 

AAor thit, %i vnxy mvm ridiculoou to my thM ira ars 
icqualnusl mUt tfbw nritiitga wliich cihibU lo nucb 
disvfttion of Kfltinuot, do puru juid w&nn a bcaI for 
llLt< pvblic ff>od^ or so Jwt a view of tLo iIuimb uhI H 
rigliU of citiwnsw tbow of M»chiav«)b. Yet »o it 
in. Awl ov«i fiofik Tho ]'nnc« itself wc covid Kkvi 
jguiy [4«di«|^ bi vu^i^ori of JiU runuk- Tt> a rvoder 
of uur a^ ofid oounoy thii iucanaKtuncy k, at Qnt, 
IMM-fixiUjr bi«wil4«viG. Xlu wiol< man iwuaa t^ he 
«pii Mii^nat a fratoiqiu amanbJage of incoiignioriv 
l^wditiva, a^llkliiiow &Tid goncTQuiyt craoltjr and bo- ^ 
ltwvol«DO«i crufl and «iinplidijr, at^i TfUaoj aoc | 
rttmaniic Jwroisoi. Unc tculcncu v mcb v b vcturmjr 
dipUniialiai woulj •can^ vnltt lu i;i;ib«f jbtf ti^ dirvc- 
' liou of Ixii mMt caafideataLl ipy i Hie next Mcnu to be 
■•xtraclud (tttm ■ tbcnu eo<ii|ioccd I17 An ardent icbooj- 
lioy on tlio Uoaili of J^Mnidvi. An act of dexteroix 
fKTAily, and kO act of palriotic atJfnli^voCkin, call flirih 
i\w Mini- kind asw) tlis mbip ilffroa of i«a|)M:tful wUni- 
rjiiuii, 'I'he nonl stiuiUlii^ of die writer agtfn* at 
«ic« ti> bo Bkor^i-lly vbUUi> and muf bfdt/ acoW> Tm 
ohanKtufi altvji^ftlipr dvainllar are oultod in liim 
Tbgf ^V0 not oiorvlj joianl, but iiitcrworcn- 



I 




■ACaUVCLU. 



til 



ire ne v«rp md di« woof of 1u4 mSnd ; and ihcif 
Mfiibittitiua, like tluit of (ho v«rt<^uxl thrcwli lii ihol 
•iQkt giv«fl lo tlio whole ipxtot^ a ^Imcinjc and «vei> 
^^■iflMiK «p]H!snuice< Tlic Dxplanotioin m^^lil have 
bvm 0*17, if li« ^Ail boun a v^ry wtSi or a vocy 
■JfTvctod nim, But Ihj ytm midotitly neitlwr Uii# oim 
n>r Uw otliuf. Hi* irarkft pnne, boyand all contw 
f&ciioa, ik%i his uiMlorMftndii^ was atfoo^» bta ta^Ur 
pttro, and Jim atmifl of Uin ndioblooi oacqtinuJj kiMBi^ 
Thn u iflraii^: aatI yci ihv ulrsngMl ii behind. 
Tborv ia no nvoo ^-lioteref to tbicik, iliat ikot 
uuiongpi wboM hv Jivod 9«w viy Ibii^ tbotkinft or 
incottgniEMA ia In* wriiuip* Aljunrbiiit ^ru-i&t r^ntiin 
of tliu hiftb criimaliwci in wLidi b^ih liw workx atid Hii 
ywgori w«n IwJd bjr tba looit nvpooiftblo among hit 
eoatcatponrioflb Cl«nnib tho SovwUi patronlwd tlie 
fpbtication uf tLoM Tciy LooLi vJiic-li tbc t^nmci-I uf 
Trpnt, in 1I1* fi^lowini; j^isradcoi, p4Xii»uijuit:i>d ur^t 
fair tbo |wraB«i (/ ChrisLiani^ 6g«i; nwfnbotit of Ua^ 
lUoocraticjil parly omaural Uie Svcfotaiy Sat dedU 
CBtiAg 'Hk- Princv to n |iatnxi wlio U>fO Uu vupopuJtf 
MOtto of Mcdid. Uut lo Ihon iuuirant doctniwi 
vliltth bar* 4bca oallod forth wob aov«<9 rapitliaii- 
MOM QD isjMepliaii Afipean to liave boen bikon. Tbk 
cry BgaiDit tbom waa firvt rsMpd bt^nd tbi> Alji** and 
Muma to JiaiTH b««B liiaaid wilh aniTNaawt in ltm\j. 
Tliu ««rtji9t Bviikiit. ai for u WD %rm aware, ir»« « 
ciftiutryman of "ur 4iwn, CaHiaal Tulo. Tiio aoUior 
of Uic Auli*MiichJav«lU wa* a Frvovli PntwunC 

It i^ tJmtvCam^ in ibo ai»te of tnorat ibvling ajooiig 
he li^Iaa» of iIkm tiuioa U^ we bdwi sock fbc dw 
iml cxgibjLdCiofi of wh^t 9casoi% mosl mystcnoui in tke 
urn atij wriliBi^ uf ikin r<aiiArk«blo man- Aa thii ia ■ 
wLfect wLick wj^osOt loauy ioknaliiig cgwdortttoai. 




UACHlAVtlJJ 

Jioth pndicion) »n4 mvtftphvKicnJ, m «Jia1l tn«lL« m 
ftpEilo^y fur ftiBCiniiiiif it st nnie Iriif^lli. 

l>uriAX tli« gioorniy mnd lUtiutnu* n-Mturiot wfiU 
fbtlowtd tbfl downfall of Uw Roniui Bmplre, lulj' httd 
jirWHVod, in ft fjir ^rrvfOfr dcfrree tlian lay oth^r part 
of W«Miwn Knn^pA, thit trfefm nf ancient dvili^MiaQ. 
Ttio nij^bt -vrtiidi ilwi^ntiled upoft b«r iniA l1i« ni)(lit of 
sn Arvtie MimiBer, Thn ikwa tx^can to mppmr b^ 
fdra Ui» IftH raAwtion <4' tb« prvcvifing iuimm Iwd biM 
&01I1 t]i« horwTi. It wtf in ihu tinw oF tbe PmicU 
lUiQnngiaM tml of ibc Svicfiii Hepcsrch/ tkii igmv 
Ttooe nid 'fur«oHy oecntH m have (l«iw thefr wwvt 
Ytil evert thai tl]« KcApolitAo proviniv*, refofcniung 
Clu> Minority ef lh<* Rsiiivtt Rmptm, fiPWfv«d «Mn» 
ihiiig of EftMirni kimwliviitv mhA hHtiiefneiil. R(m«^ 
pi-obedud by iJm ncttd duuuolvr of bvr Ponti&, ««>- 
Joyttd u lewn comp«mtjT9 iMOority wtil r»f)Ow« Bvm 
in tliosD itpona wli«ro tho vn^viry lximh«r«1« Iwd 
fix«d tlicir monarchy, th««« ww incoatptmibly mon of 
wmllli, of iiifomttdun, of phrilrfl] comfedrt, iMi ttt 
tm^ ordor, ihjin oouM be found m GauI, Hrittin, ur 

'Himi which moat dhrtin^oJibiKl Italy from tbc ndfcb* 
binirinp couiiirtai wit llio iiBpOTtanc« wUNi th* popii- 
latioM uf iIm tovQs, »: « vf-ry uarly pmod* bff:«ii to 
ftcf|uire. 8o«o cIika h*/t been fonntM in wild and r^ 
motn aftnatiMiK by l^t|EJtir« wbo liad nr«|>cd fhrni the 
ttf^eorthe batrbnHaD*. Siif-h vm Venice and Qcttoft, 
w)ii^ pmworvnl \h*kr flyf-iom by tMr o b i niri iy , till 
th^ bmae ftbl« 1o | *ww. rve >t by OiVTr povvr. Other 
diMs iMuit Co liaw rateiiwd, mkr «n th« dunging 
dytunik* of invvdifn, onder Odc«c«r nnd Theodcvt*.' 
*KuBB and Albofni tho municipal hutitiititfitf wKicli 
bad bo«i Mtritor«d «Q ihi» I7 dw lOiAri] fwairy oC iIm 



I 



MACBUVGLU. 



m 



GrMt KtfpuUic. Id |>rDriuc«tt wlucJi i1m cuitnl gov- 
«raDWut *rM* tuu Iccblu uitliui' to protect uc Ui <i|tpj 

11^0 duara** ddenilMi b^- \hdr w&U*, and gorcmod by 
tkoir o¥rii migjmBto cad tJidr (>wn b/-jftm, fii^^^jril « 
coMidenLLe iliAro o^ r«ituUjc«(i uk^]q»«ndellcl^. Xhiu 
» fttTijajC democratic tpuit wb« caUod uito ftclicai- Tilt* 
Cttrlofiii£;uji iownigiM w^'iv too iiubwilu to vuldiw iL' 
Tbf gwoanMn |nticj vl' OiLu uiouiurxtfed it. It mi^l 
|>9r4ip« liuvo bwn mppcwMd by: & cJos9 coalition b«- 
tw«ui Uttf Cbiinli Mi4 tito Eoipuv. It waa fuctaiied- 
umI iavigontud by tiicir disputcr^ In iJio twelfth 
lury it clMincd ita JiaU vi^^r, and, aftur a ion;; &[id 
doaUful eonBici. lritnn|iJi«d over Uie abilities aatd ooiu* 
■fBo r^ ihc tiwRbtti) ['nncoL 

Hill «awtai»a? of di« Hcctuwiwliol puwur b«d 
Ij ocNitribuiod to tke iwro^ of UiQ Uuel&. I'lut wo 
CBM wovld. homnw. havo beui i iloubtrul gpod« if tta 
■nljr ctfbci had beoi lo Bubrtilnbc a moral fbr a pd^lk 
MrvTtudc, and to vxah the Popci at tlu: onjionac df Iha^ 
0«Mn. Bippily Um poblic nund of luljr h«d locig 
contained the Nocdi of free opiruoD», wbkU wtire novr^ 
rapeU)/ d«titk>|i«d b^ Uw gvulal idIUimjov of Tn* i»i^ 
nuMMu. Tbe pooipio of t*'at cuumrx had obswcd tho 
wU* mMhnwry^ of iha DbrDrch, ito Huma and ii 
■ifmotoa, lla Idty pfcttmioM and ka sploodld cflrani 
Bial, ila worthloM biasing and iu iiwttoa cwvm, 
too loQK aiid too cJov-ly t>' bo du|>i?d- Thvy tiaoA b^ 
iDnd tb« an^vun m irh»-h ctbcr« were iebuiia with ebiU- 
bb a«« a^id intwiuM. Tl>*v witMoavd ib« 
if din polW, and the inaiEitUii^uro of th^ tliondanr' 
ThaT mw ilm oamni faco« acul hoenl tb« nnUml 
VD&no of the letot^ DiMant tudoRi looked an tbo 
I'ofv « tfao viooganot of iba Ainiigb^r< tliO uCUcUi «f 



I 

1 



n4 HAcniAvnjx 

iiitpfikki erili^ uf Uipofefpuii or of kiiif;^ nr> Chniriiui 
;mi^K 10 ftfipttd. Tbft IlAlkiM won fl^iijuntDd wttb 
ill thw &Ilivi of }lj« ^fiui)}, and Willi ftll (b* <UJm(m^ 

NTtd b^-lfllkh ht? lij^i ftlUinnI p>iriv, Thvy knvv haw 

cA«n hi» hMd cmpinjnl tbo lu^'a of t}M» Cburch to n^ 
IflHM himwlf from dio ino<i MOi«d an^«g4mtitt« ithI 
ill wwllh to iiimfer kis MJMw m w and nefihffn. 
Tbo doetriiwi md rnu» of Um csoiblbhed rdi^on tbej' 
traUMi wliJa il«c«nt ravravnoo. But thon^ tlu^ ^l 
oJJod diinnipLvas CAtJiolIn, ihft had tt^tM tti bo H^ 
piitJk TKm^ ifiirituAj Arau which ottrHivf Inrcir inta 
tbo (lalaieM* and CAiBpii of (ha jiroiulMl sotAroipi* cx> 
citixi oiilj aflitnu|il tu ih* iiamediato vioi||jib<:nirlm>d 
of ibo Vtfkftn. Atuxvidat, wh^ Im cowiMwied ovrv 
H«Dr]rtfa«Spoond tonlMUtiotb*£«bbiteitli*tNab 
of s r«liol]iouA •Qljtcl, WM bboMlf 10 exOft. Ite 
Roimtti ippidiendiBg thai ho catcrtmbl 
o^flit ihvvT HbrrlMA, h»d drivva hhn from tbt^ ci^ 
iukI^ iKi^ntth hit aolonnljr pramiud CO confine hiiiu»tf 
tor ill* fotvra to hk ifriniuAl functioiu^ tiity itill 
timtd lo rvwbnit bin. 

Id ovorj oUmt pwt of -Enroiiei n hr^ wmA jmwvrM 
priviki^ «[«■« moipAHi «a tbv pooffo Mid doAed ifa^ij 
govonnBone. Bnt. in ibt waoA tvo M i b tf^ puvi of^l 
It»lv, the feiidftl noUa wen mliiceil to »4Dpwr»tivft 
iiiN^fioaiieo. In Kkmn dudricU tbrr look jlMiil«r«^ 
undur dw proCiK-tion of tbe poM^rfiil oM n nwnw—ltfai^B 
vhifh tlioy wvcv nnftble to oppose, ami ifnuhuUty Aftofc^l 
into iht noM of btir|^i«n^ In ixhor fibcc* tiu^ po»>^^ 
iKVod gnaiL inflovncc; but It wM JUi inducaoa wiVf 
diftratt &uti lint which wai cxtv^w^i br Uu Brk- ^ 
to«t*cj of an^ Tnnal)iiiia kingdoiii. Tbi^ war« atf 'B 

poUj prilbfctf, briC cVkincitt dllMBlA. iMlttd of fCPU^I^ 



li 



J 



lUmiAVCLU 



Tit 



Tulfefd tb«Ir pftfvM in ihe nuttlot-pltt^ The 4t»u ^ 
■dcieCy in tbr NnpoHljiTi ijommions, and \a acme porii 
of th* Ecclvaii^iticft] Suif, more TtMrly nawmUcd lint 
wlitcli c<xul«il Is the grefti raon^rvKft^ if Eun>pi& But 
this fpfnmnKiibi of Lomlunly and TutcnnjTi tliroogh 
kQ thdrr^obtJOfic.proKTn'od A cHITiRJvncclamciOT A 
ptoplct when M ftOBhkd In a town^ h Sxt mor^ fijrai;)* 
•U« tn itft TulerA than wlicn dijpeff?*^^! over a wid* ex- 
lOTit of ryntntry- The moM tuhitrtiy of Uv CffWt 
Ibtitid it tiMyfluiy to fW fttuf rl]i(«rl tin- iiitiibotvib of 
i)i«T tmwt*^dlY cApiQil at the ^x}>^ic of the proviiien. 
i '( Miblfid bare mort Uiaii o:jc» b«Mg^ 

Uii<j >^<>i;.v.^ii i[i his own pAJaucv, ui<J cx'-ofU^d frovn 
hint tbo nwiit HamilUtinjC ccaomaioau. TIiq SciltiLni 
Haw often been ccmpcTlod to propftUtc the fluioui 
nhHft of CoMUiilinople wiili ilie tit*d of tn un^Mipu* 
Llt Vidrr. Kram tlie foun^ <4ti«G lhtr« W4* a fctv 
bun tin;*e of tonocr>c y tn ttic nMii&rc)ii« uid arbtoe- 
niciei of HortbtvQ Ttalj. 

T?Mw libpfty, pAriklfy Indivd nnd Immiinitly, rD- 
rttked Tuly ; arxl irith liWrty f«:ii« rf?cnrT»>ire uitI 
fV^Mn*, v6encti xnd tiiAti:. ilt ihv comfurti iind i!1 ih? 
oriduatDU of 11fc<. Tho Cm«<brfl, Ibvn which the 
mti^lBnU of otlicr mmtH«a ffuni^ nntliln^r; hal njirs ' 
■nd womiU, brought to the minjK commonnrMllhft nf ^ 
111* Adriatir and Tyi-r|i<f><^ •<>*■ ft '-'^n^" i"'''<^Me> of ' 
WQtlth, doiotnion, md knowtiyt;;^. Tire moml and Ih* * 
l^oo^rn^thk^l TVMJtkin of tho^t rommoiiwml'Jjt «!iuihlvd 
tbftn to I ■» by ihv bnrbari^m *jf X\w >Vt«l anj 

Df \ho cihiiiJUL.<jji of llio &ut. Itnl-lin lUfs curerot! 
wvfy M9. Italiim &di>K-4 r*v» en vrfty xhon.-. Tht 
eaSkia of InTkn moncy-chaH^^-rt wcr* wt in trtyy 
titv. Mamfi^nNri flodniSfict. Banka were «*iab- 



m 



tUi^tiUVSLLL 



iuliod. Tb« oparttivm of thv CMmmttcut En«ditm 
wen fucLlitdtuI bv muiiy useful and bcftutiful Inrsu- 
dom. Wc iJLi'ijlit "'lirtLcr ai\j couxiuy of Europe, 
oar owB eKqitoi, hAvi» nl iht ptcscat tune Kscbcd nu 
lii^h tt point of w««}t}i and ci^Uution v moic fttit* uf 
li«]jr hoii fttuiiivd ftiur bundn^ jtan b^i>. liUtomiN 
nut<ljr dtwcund to Uiow d«UuU (iviu iwUicU mIuiw tfaa 
rout >ute vf a cDxnmunj^ ovi b(» collt^ct^. Huneo 
[Kwlority i< too oftim doccdvcd b^ Uiq va^o hjporiM)l«t 
of |KK9U uid rbetorlciaaft, who ndsidw Um c^undoar 
□f a court for UiQ hopjoMQA of « people, Fomnutbotf, 
■]'>lin ViDuii luuf ^von u« ad ample and preciM a^ 
nmnt o[ the itnt^? uf Florenoe in thtf v«tIv pnrt of ih* 
fourteenth century. The rcrenac of th« KcpoUio 
auiuuJitvd Ui ihnst IjundxvU tliuuHuid flotin ; ft *itm 
wdu^li, rUowiei^ Jur Ujo dcfmn^uitioa of tJio prvduux 
mctiJs If u ftl Icut «|iiiTiiJ«3it to KX hujidnNl titooautd 
pminiU sterling; a Isr^gtir iaiu lliau £i>^«nd tnd If^ 
Und. two ceotuho a^ jricldi^ unnuiklly to Elialnrth. 
Tiw nuAufhi:Ciiro of wool tilumt csn[ilopxI two hondred 
EkCtoHci and thirty tWMUtd WixkuM^i. Tlie ckitb 
■aiuiillj^ producieii ioId« &I sui avcrnj^, for twolrc bun- 
dred tiioiwuid fluno*; a iviu fuHjr wjua:, m a:icliUi|pK 
abk vahiOft to two mlUiuai mud « bdf «f our nqoigr. 
Fdv buodrod thowand donm w«« BunuAJl^ coined. 
B^gbty baftk« condDcud tbv C9aun«raal ofKinoionm 
ii«c of Plorcficc o*ily« bbt of dl £urop«. Thts trmiuk* 
ar'j->iw> oC tiiMO «»cjib1UbTnrnU vifro »oiibotuoM of a 
BM^cnitude wbich nuj ^uqnifu vvon the «>ontu«ipor«* 
riM of iho Ituinp uid the KoilBchili&i. Tiro hodMA 
advanced la £d«Ani lii4 Tl^ird of Knj^ind ujiirardtof 
thnw biuidtvd ibousutd uvulu, nt m liuM wbvn tha 
nvk ooitliiiwd more siIvlt Uun liily ^JUn|p of tJu 
pnaoat dayt ajul wben tliu nliw of ulvuc ww nv^ 



I 



JUCBUVBUX 



m 



jliva qmOru^v of what U luw tw Tli« ciQr ^ml iti 
tiiiiroiift opfitoinad b Luncind nxi4 svvi-nt/ tbuuMni4 
inhtbstaau. In the vftriou* tctwU obaQt uoi thoauikd 

■nlhmetie ; ux htandrcii n>coirod % !e«m<Nl oda^doo. 

Tbff prcigrru cf cdr^ant litcnQirc uid of tht> lin# 
arU vriM itM|]orlti>nHl to thatvT tlt^ public prcApvtity. 
Under tiie d^potk mcccMon d' Au^itua. nil Uic CicUi 
«f lliti intUicct bmd h^an tnm«d intu u'iU wajJ«», •UI 
najkvd out by (bnunl WumUmB. ttUI re^uuii^ Uit 
inMSB of gM cultivauon, but yi«ltjuig ticIlLor (b-n-crf 
mot frnit- 'Hio doJu^o of borbaxian v^mt. It fiwq»t 
ft«raj all ibc kiuJmvCs. It obUicmtod r11 the «ign« it 
£)na«f lillapu Biu U frniiuKii ythUr. it dcvnM«JMti 
Wlii'n ii nv^nd, liw wi\4*'m«M w^a m tli« f^rd«a o( 
Go(U r«juicinK nn ei^j »Ldl^ UufthifiA^ ckpping ia 
V'-- -. '•^luifig fijrtb, la FponluicuLLt abuniLiitciit vvary 
^ iUiaukU ur fii^fnol, or u<;un»luii4£- A utiw Iaiit 
pmg9% chvibcttfriicd by umplo ftwoatDOft uxtA <isn|iU 
^v^^Tgr* 1^ AttaiaQd pcr^uon. No longuo ov^tr fut^ 
lusM laotD ^ur|;ooiis and vjvid tiiita to poeuy; iMt 
«M i( long be^rv a p:<« appwodt wbo know kow ti> 
rmploy tknm. KaxIt in tho fonrUw^th C4*nlury run^ 
fitctb 111* Divine Coiardji Wyooid cc€Q|<Lmoii tin- |*nat- 
9t woHi of inHfjinaJwii »luch had ftppoarud nucs tbf , 
pomm d* ilocnur. Tlio following gea«tnitio« irodocvd 
mdonl DO i^ooiuj Pjmt«: but it w cmmtmlly distii>i 
lEnUkrd by gusenl uakdlccttttl Actirity. The i-vaAy 
t4 tiiu Lttia wTiwn lud norrer been vJuJIy nfgl^ciod 
Ifl Italy. Dui rvunrcli iDtrodooed ft more profbundt 
t'* ' jiul d^iant acitoUnliip, h^d caiAaiiinkiM«d to 
L.tiTTaRn tW oikthuMiutn for lb« titerituns the 
hi>irvy, a;\d |fu> anlkjnitie* of Boatv, which dirjiM 
W vwn hi«rt 'mlh i frj^ imtj«w imd a monj fn|p4 



d 




HACmATVlU- 



mblinkie >nd gracefiil models of Gttce*-. 

¥rom itiit Uiml, th^ adminuion of Wmintf ic^il 
gvmui bv«am« dtnoft aa itloUtry nmon^ fVe |-wi|>>c or 
Italj. Kibgt Btid nTpDblic*^ c«ifiiiali and «ln)i«4, rye^ 
with Mch olhcr In lionouring wifl flnu<ffing: lMr»frb, 
BmbAHfiM firoui rlrtH <tUtn «o1if it&') t}ie li«no«r of lin 
in«tructTOiB. lib coronfttion agiWnl itie C«irt of 
NspUi vid tbo jiwipl* of Rom« a* niocli fli tli4 in«l 
iin|x>Tl*nt politiciil tnumiction ocnild baie ^Oot. To 
coUvci bodfu Aiid lotiqdw, to Tonnd [>ror«i««mK(p&, 10 
p«lniiu4e m«D or leuriinj;, b.^cAme nloki^ i>itit«<nal 
IkiliNiiu Amcinf; the graiT. The sprit of lIlc ra T y it- 
■narrh ntliiid Tt*df w that of rommcrrU i^nii'tTFnw, 
Evciy plow to wWrh the m«r^1ix>tt prtnor>a of Ft.^irvii«j 
GXtoidcd thtir g^fpmttc traflv^ fivim Itw tvftr* of tlio 
Tigm bj Iho mtmivtonn nf ihr Ct)'i!L\ wfti ruttnckml 
Ibt meiiftjfl And niftmiKTtptH. ArcTiSlfrtiaiv, )inmtiiifr, 
wad Krdptnrc, wcrv mitniliocntly tfiicmin^p:!! [mloctl 
It would bo dilBmlt tL» naniQ &n IiaJwi if ffTLtiuMirv. 
Jutin^ ibe period ct which wt fprvJc, »h'% wJiUeTrr 
mkf KiVF iHxm tiii gCT*r4<t] oiinrM^lcr, did wit it Ifttif 
tSM ft li>r(* of l«tt«rf w»d of tlt^ •tWp 

Kiviwltd^^e «ni1 pablic pryfrp«rity «ofiliniM<l lii ltd* 
lMic« :-vrHht-f. IWb fttuinni thotr nw-ndijin in t*** 
Igt of I^n'inn Ili» MagriifiovML W« cAnivH rvft^in 
fttin qwAu^^ till; irplentfid i-AmgLS in vrbivh th« Til** 
mn Thac?ydid» dp*crib™ ih^ «bIp rpf Iiair 11 ihat 
ponod, **RJdi>^u litiE« m ^<niiift |a(-« v tmK|TiiIlit^, 
evitanu »on nxna iw' lao^ poA montucst c pi^ vtvril! 
tdio nf1l« piftiioro d rvgioci pid f-nili, o^ Kotfi^pAM* ftd 
■hm in^o eho 6c' wA modrvn^, non *ola vn ahhon* 
4antariBift d' abclAtori e <B riivlugBDe; nw tUiutnUa, 
wntmiaMRto daHa mAgnrfictfrtA di moiti priadpi, iklk 



ik 



I 





luoitiAnuxt 



Kdm « mMwiJt Mh rdigiocrt, Eorivs d' oamini preir 
lairtiwimi uvll' amminiffmiicrtw dc41o oow pobblict^Vi 
« iT ingapu molUi nnfaifi in mtto le »denM. «d in qus^ 
InoqwoMto ptv?]ii£u txI biduHUio^" Wb«n wo punHr 
tlm juA ani tplcniiiil dcwripdon, w^ c«ii Korcdy pir- 
v&iidw oQndvBft thai wo an r«adinfi; of ttmo« in wKich 
the uiruU of KxigUud and Fnmcp pr«s«il in 01O7 with 
A frigl^iil FfAc^ftc^ of fKiviTTty^ lorLiAuity, and igiKK 
r9Ac«i> From the ppyreatiom of klJiteiste auuti.-rB, atid 
Um nxKrinATi «f ft degraded puajanb^', it » Mi|£litlu]r 
to timt III tlia opiiknt aud oiiIi^'ht«ntfd Stal^a ot Icalji 
to t]ie TSdt and mngol&Mait dtiv, tbi> pora, till-' ontonob^ 
tbtt vSboa, die nuuHOitnt, the libmrica, tko mnrlii flUod 
wHb oT<f^ article of comiort or tuxnry. Hit ^Mitutn^ 
avsnnbij; with mr^mn*^ die Apentuooi coraml with 
ndi citltTradoil a|> to tlitir vitrr lunnkitJt, (ije I'ri 
vraAiag iJm) IibttMh erf* LdBboudv (ii thvi gmurin uf 
Vcnic*, and carrying Wk tl>c hIIJcb of Bengal and 
ftvs of Siberia to the pcdaow «f Bitlajt' WitJj ft«u£«^' 
plenm. ei^crj ddtiTBtsd mind mcift rt-pcxr; on the fiur, 
tliC hafipr, thfl glorinDu Fkinmcr, thn halln wliich tang 
with the Hibth of Piilci, th« rell wher^ twuikM th« 
midoii^E tamp of Politian, the ftatas on whicli tli« 
fomg ^1? of MiriiMl Ap^o gUrod witli ibv ffvivy 
of a Lindrvd iiu^imii'-'n. tb« j^anitsiH in which Ixiivnav- 
QNditKtod tnmv hjiarkJiiig long fbr tlic May-dar ilii 
rf dw Ecfurian vlrguif- A)m ibr d» bcouufiil ett)' E 
Ala>« f(ir Uio irii and l}io Iwnnnt^ tho gi^ina &nd tJit 

L* 4vi« i CUB? wi Ffeitt ■! *ial*«fL" 

A thns wm ai band, wLca all thi- Mreii vial* of Ilia 



B80 



WiClllAVEtU 



Apoc*Iypi« wtre to be pound ftmb and ihikcii am* 
ttrvT Uioad pIcAMHt caMnlriws a tunc of dn^ilcar, fiui^ 
ine, faf^ggAT Vi infMny, iWiay, rioipair. 

In iiw It^han SutM. u in uuuij^ liaiiird botliM^ 
tttndy ckcnyiudo warn dio ponJty fil' pnovww 
rity. Tb«<r early gnHUowa, vid iJiatr «vJy dccUiHt' 
aro princtpaUy Vt bo altribulod to tli« «ani>e cotvo. tin^ 
wUck the towns Mtqaind in Um 

In m eammamij <£ iHWten or of obcfilwrdBi ertry . 
jittd cwily flnd noeawwly bacoonoi & «o1£Dr. 11i»fl 
oHirrJiry avni^ti'Hk* u« p«iH«cily c«»fi«tiUft nilli *U ■ 
Uiv iJiLticB of mUiK«ry au vk n , Uowuvvr rrmole may 
bs |||9 vxpvdition ga vliidi bo b bound, bo 6iufa 11 twy 
to tniMfiort witli hioi tim motk from wlikili W dvrif h 
Ui •Qbentencob Tiie wbok puoplo b sn araryt Uu 
wbok joar « uv^- ^nch wm tbo moid cif mca^ 
;«bkb liudKt&tMl ck« p^^tk ceoi|o«Ma of Auil* m4 
TaoMriMM. 

But a |K<of>lo whddi tnbstMA by lbs odtiraiMO W 
tbo csriJi in w a yotj dtfmnt artuation. Tbo bii^ 
Lwub^i if bcniod to tbo ««iil on whicb lio laboan. A 
Icmc cani|>«ign wottld b« nuivniB tu hrm, 8till bit piu^ 
mitA aiv SBcdi B« nivc (o hio fruotf botli tbc acdvo and 
ibc fajwTo MraiftUi poo w iary to a MliUer. Nor do 
tftojp, at IcaM in tbo ialuvy of a^cidciird vatnc^ 
dmaiid hb wuDkmipCcd atloBtiua, At panicalof 
hiraea of Ibc y*^ bn t« alnwvi wholly wMBiioy^J, aoJ 
'CaB, wiiboiH i^vrv tu himvelC^ aifonl iba Itmo iie««^ 
mrf fur a oJiort «Kpcilitkifi. Tbit> tbo iogbn* of ftoaio 
wvn *m\i\Ahed dufiii^ Ua oarJiar wa. Tbtt MaMs 
iurini; wlucb iJiu Aplda did iioi reqnfirv ibe j>rv*i-Dc« of 
Ihu t-ultiialon niflif?vd for a tborl inroad aj)d a baubk 
ThctK o p ara woua , ■» fn^iMntly bustof «ad t«i |ivtxbi< • 



1 



* 



riH 



I 



aiAtjturmx 



an 



ibvffi, not Ofdr ■;t'ur«i bol furouilutilu. Tlw flrclivrv 
u>d bDbiMfk of ili« nii<)dl4> sgo«i, wlto, u-itit finyrli^t 
fiv forty (tiy? At tJic4r le<^t!, ItrfV ihc fii^iib for the 
oirap, wtTp iroopft of T^c uin* [li^*f ripHon. 

Rut when Mmmtrr^? aiiij mnnu^liMmrrai t)<^rt to dfnti^ 
bb :i ^ ' ' 1^ ■'. Tilt «tik'nlAj^ liMtiitr 

oftliVtlci ■ 111 r ii<j< rtlH> vXt-TtiiniB uFid han^ 

«ltfps of v^au" imafifvrUbTfl^ Tlfe» bu^iiNW uf tru-ltrn 
vid aHJuin tri^uituq tbvtt outiitani pn^wrtoe aiitJ ulltfii'- 
Cion. If] molt m romniTinity tlwni t* liiilc mpiMllqon* 
time; Imt thtm is gcn^niDv niucli aitpfrfluouK mf.vtoj. 
Sumc m«tnb(T9 {^ the aafa^iy an-\ therefoTV, liir«l to 
Hi<TVr !h:' rrat frtjin n twlc inrmiMjiti-nl witli tlWr 

Tiie liiitori" uf Orvwv w, iti flii*, lu in maay olbrr 
mpvcU, llii; bnl cofnintmlnry on xho h'a-tory of ItiJy. 
Five 1mndr«d y-i^n b^fcire iji« CliritetEan vnt, tli^ c-lti- 
aoM of tlui ivfvuttic* m^ntl ttiu 3ifp«ii Sea formed 
ferlMpff tiM flnou oiUlitA that ovor tii«tod. A« wotldi 
vid TdiTT«nf.'nl [td-rriTiotd, the eystrai nDdcrvffit ft 
parlitol altFTdtLiam. Tlic loman StulA wriwtiM ftnt 
ia wluch roRi'nfrr* Md tho artu «ran> ^nllkvaHfd, himI 
th« tirrf bi wbtdi tlic arccEmit dttdplmTr 'li*ciijf<t. 
Widim vij^lHy ywv aA(T t>-4j bntlle of rbbhi, nirrc*- 
unr troo|» vera «v^ vrh^nra ply'*^ ''^*^ bfttil^ «nd 
tiqgcik In iIm time «f DeaNalhvfttl^ it vma icarKly 
poffible to piffude or oonpri Otv Athftuan* to ntiliU 
for TofW^ BunS(^<-. The Uin <if Lrcvtrf^iu pruhlbttcd 
uvie tad ttuuMBumrtA, The Sputftni, th^n^rbrw, 
fnntiiiiUNl to f^rm a tiftti-mftl fnrw Ioti^ af^rf cHHr 
iri^HbiMr* lia-i Wtrvo !*> l^w toIcK^fi, Hut tWr mil»- 
toij tpiritdMliMyl «ith tbcir vogulnt uniilutioM- !■ 



vou t- 



II 



lU 



MACHUTIUJ. 



,Jf 




ibv tucoibd oontury before CImU Oreooe coa 
iNily OHO lutioa of vrnniotVi tlio lai^c trighkirirrt <f 
^lali^ vrho wwre «oiim KeMntiuw bolund th«ir 
tryisva ill dvOiHUicm uul latcUifEcnoei* 

Ail tb« cfliuci vrW h prvdoecd those cflcctt 
l1i« Groi*kj4 acted stili iii«nr rtroogljr on th4» m 
lulkivc luJrifiiil of > poifr«r likt? SpAitft, in it» 
WBrljko:, they h»d nmongvl them ui rr>Wwiiriral atabiy 
III lU taUuv [Kcific- Wliirrv (livr«xr« tiiliilMOiA «!■*««» 
erctj Jnvsiui b iivJucrtl bj liw Mf^iiigi«t BiotivtA I9 
finuUftn^a hijaiMlf villi the tuM of mnn*. Th« cohk 
i»uu««dllLs a( Iiftly ifid uoi^ lliui Uwm 0^ Qfwcv. 
»Wflmi ^di UiosMuuU of tho^o HoaNJiold miuvm 
lAstlv, i)ko mode in which mitiuiy «|wntMUM wcr* 
cosidiJOUd during Um prosjwroiu din«a of Iinljr wtm 
lieraUftriv tjn^vourklilc to the fbnnalkta «f an offickat 
f^**^ hir-ji coTfred with irtm froEQ hicnd to fboAr 
ftnxi«d «ith [lOiiiluroMB iaucut, uod utuuntvU uq bonv 
ol* Um lu^t brvod, won coMiik^ruI w (xHUpodng At 
itnnRtli of axi lamj. Tb« talaiitrj ha* n^rdod ti 
ctjui[«r>tivcljr irof^ilcui, and wu iiC|^<Cl«d till 
faocttiiio rrftllv no. Tboe UrtJc* mflibbuibed ihdr 
ground n>r rrnuifv* in naost puiAof Eunipr- ThiU 
foot lotdivm (T'liid vitlMiiUii tk« ^huKC «f bf^iry «kv- 
•1^7 ¥Mi« ihtM^t QtCcrij iispo«J4U«, till, t^uraixli ibe 
d«*c of iIm tlUvAth OHiturv, Ow niilft inonjiUinMn 
at SwitnHaail dioutvud th« t^U uid M«i>ju»drd th« 
vo»t cipvricncvd gmanik bj roc«iving ih« drcttdod 
ibock on An imj>«i>«tnbl« &rat gf pikM. 

The uw of tfau QnciiB «itcMr, llio Kobjiq avard, or 
iku mcduni bftyoBifltii ini^t be acquuTfti with coa(«ratirt 
0Mti But pnthii^ ahort d* tW duljr ex«ro« of }\iAfi 
«o«M inLn 1^0 iom «t Arw to wt^ort bw ppodttmi 
|«io(i^,ftiKl nwin y hi* iuim*l4y tm^oo. 



I 






jijUTHuvuxr- 



SM 



MA Eurof>o tkU moot inportsnt branch of war bcoaur 
ft wpiuvtc profoMon. Bcjri>[id i}tc A\f*s indcfHK ihon^li 
L prufp&iion, it wv not j^nmllv ft iridi.-. It w» th# 
4tutyAiiid t)»n ftiui>«aiM!nt of » Ui^cdiiu of coantnr ^pw 
iktMn. ii wHh Um M^vi;.^ tfjr wrhicli tlt^y Md lU^r 
biidi, 4ii4 lli« divvnuoQ 6/ wkivh, Id tJie nbEctiiw uT 
rnunttl rnoiirt«0, th^y bo^JIod ih«ar IdirorvL But m 
UiB Nortlkmi .StAK« uf July, tt we kav9 Alnody t»- 
inBrk«il, llio groirinf' [lovrrr of tho dti»i where it liai 
not «XTivmiaAtMl ihij ordcf r>f mm, hAd romiilntdv 
danp*d llncir Ubiu. fL-rc, ilierefi>rt. tlw pra< ticj! of 
nii|iJpyinjC morcctuncv bocunc nDivannl, At a tina 
wlwvi it vrtu klttiuot imLtioru lA vtliM iXKuitriM, 

Wlivci «u bocudiiM (Im trudo of n Mfttntu cIim, Um 
luut il&ngDrow eoQrao lofk to a gOf«n»«nt » to Ibmt 
liitu dAsi ItiU) m AtuiliDS arnijr. It b ftcmraelv posiCbk. 
thit Bi«M Oftii paM ilidr Uvu in tb<? 4^rvkc of ontt 
u&t*, withon; fmling •i>«nc inl«mi jn iti ^^rftftivfiMi, 
Ju vicUiriM mrv tlinr i^ioh**. lla dtflvAta an ibsir 
ildWtA. Tbc coninu^r ki*ci Kciw£biD|c of its niert»n- 
Id* chAnctur. TIub •enkiA vT U» Mldivr sra ctMMiJ*, 
jsmd a« iJko dl«cti vf ptuioiit^ add, hii pay m tL« td^ 
Bio of finiMEial gTAQiMdo. To botmy tlw power wbidi 
nofbjs Itiia. to bo cv«a rctoW En ite MarrJce. «m la Eili 
QTW tibe moM urodiMU and daffnu\ing df ci i ii Ra . 

Wbm i|m pni^era «Rd CMUimonw^AlLlui of llAjy 
begui to UM bind Uw^. thvir viuvt ouur^* wr^mld 
Ji«T« bcvn to fomi upamta nulilaij luiflblUliiawU^ 
URh;qifidly ibb mt^ not doiw. Tliw j»««'OHiHrr ~Yfli^ 
riuci of Ibe Pciuit!iulft« uulcod of being attndbvd to 
tbo Bcrvito oC diSoEvnt powm^ wort ngunW u th« 
KDiwni propurtf uf dJ. Tbv coimcoijoik boivMS ibe 
lUtc wid it* diiatdxT* wtt% rfduc«l lo the moet ^jiv 
■4ul n&kul Umlfit-. Tlio nJvvnturvr bnxught bin boT^^ 



\m g «j pi m » fch' itecttgtli. ft!)d hfa* esipericncr, mU> f! 
iiMrlE«L Wbriber \ht King of }fn^s cr tht* D.itn? 
of MiUn, the Pope or iSo Siipuwy of FlomK«, vtnidt 
llio barj^^n. w«a to kin n in*lt«r of peHi>rl iodtlbr* 
<iiv«. H« WM lor lh« lii)(1ie>t «*£« "i*il I'lv lon^ii 

tTBCtoJ WW 0ni4K4, ihrnj wv miihcf bw imt |»ia> 
tiUo to firvTont him from iniumtly lanibi^ liU orm 
■f^bM hi< Uti^ nuulon. Tlie wlilier ww ftltafcotlwr 
dvxjoiriod fram ihe ntii«n itnri from tiio mbjocl. 

Tha futnral ^oiii»M|ticiirfli follow^. Li>A to tbr 
roitdtM^l of iMm vhrit nealhtfr lovod ihoaA vtiotn ihvy 
dvfeiiiM, fiur Intwl ttK9« whom ther opp^vcdt who 
wi.>ro cAvn IkheihI hy tlronifcr tio« to t}w %nny otfoiiul 
whidi lh«7 Sbngbt than to tli« «tBt« whicti thoy »n-wy|, 
whu l<til bj the tfvminatlmi of tho tonllitt, uid ffuLNl 
bv ito prn&ongBlkA, wnr mmplMd^ frhui!^ iU Hiftroiv 
tar. Erery Dion eiim«> tnto l]|« fl«ld of bnftlo im- 
pnvrd with the WmttdiiT? that, in « Ipw ■jirt, be 
niiglit t« i«king Uiir p)' Af iliv powvr a-^imi ivIikOi 
ho WW Uicn eoiploycd, Kiid tif htinc V tho *Uo of bb 
f?npinlp« ojcMlnM hW unooMtn. T!ie Mroi^!r«t mtcrpti* 
ond t)t« ttrnngMl IMIbje* C4ciciin^il 10 mlcj^to the 
bMAilitjof thoM who had laCtrlj b«eo brH h rai ia onMk 
■nd who nijgHt iomi ho hrMbfvn m ortn* nti^^ iAnr». 
T1i«h- conoMOfi |irofeukm wo« a bond of union iKit w 
b« fbr^tton ^mti wh«n th«v wvro ooffafEwl in il>o aw* 
*ko of cDcitondJD^ pMtNn, H«iK« It WM Ifcot opvn* 
tJoQi, bngohl tnd indoenivo bojond may nirar^od lit 
liflUiry, QiAK^o* and cotHttwnwobfK. pibiffini; expr-!i- 
tioni and bloolauEM, UmkUmi ea^tukdoAfl uid f^tuQj 
tiondkni AimbLtEi, oaflco np the eailifaTy h««loty of 
littiy durinj; iho ^r^m^ of iwuIt two r«iMiirioi 
ttighiy oraiiea ight from aunriiO to fOPUM. A i^rv 



Al 



I 



vielMy M won. Thmimiuit aT prifOfiem jt« t«Lm 
•n4 luutUy « life U Icot, A pHdiod bnlUu vuniui le 
hMf9 hmeb raJly Um diiipirm* than aii cnifiiiar}' civil 
tKintilu 

Coong^ v«^ now no longer ncntfian' cvrti to thf 
icifitar^ ffaamctcr. Men gmvr oU] in i^^inpL. and 

niimCK, >ritKoiat bctnA once Jtqaireil In (mco mrloun dan- 
^. Tbr poliUcai caiOTqaMnCM «« bx>W4fJl kiiovrii. 
The nctiiMl iimI luool mtlijiUtenw] ptirt [>r lluf wuHd 
«■• leR Ufldcfcndod to Uic BADkilu of ov«rf barlMirovt 
ittTader, Ui 0>« bruuJIiy i>f SxfittirlBntL tlw •nftJnic« 
of FnnOT. ami tlio B«ne npicity of i\rn^on. 'Hie 
nwnl «lfectt wliicfti Cbtbvrot from ihis lUtc of tb>n^ 
worii fldU inort rcitMrkabJc. 

Annnji the rode natioTVi whi^fa tmy beyond tlic Alpi« 
vtJour WM ftbdKilaUtljr indkpcnuhlo. WiUioat il nonv 
could bv tfiainwt i trw could bv. iiocweb Cownnlico 
ttiu, tlicrdcMimUumtly comultfud m Um fiitil«t r» 
|tft«cb- AAcmg Ui» polisWL rt]kiiw»> «nncU«d hf 
ooaunorcct governed br Jnv, and pifaAuciatoly atischnl 
tn )it«i9t«rc« tivcry tUng vrui done bv laporkninr of 
int«UifCf«ic«* Tiitftr Tv«7 ^ar«, raurn pacific tk*n ihe 
pvacv of Uicir rwiKbboDTf, rcquiri?il raibor fivil ilion 
nilburv <jiaili&aikiiE«. IIpika* ^hit* coiij^u;a htt> l)i» 
point nf bimuur in ullivr cotEntnw, hi^i«uit baranne 
iho point of hongvr in Iad;r- 

Fran thtf« jxriwrfpJa w«ra dcdond, hy pxwMim 
ririctW anala^os. two opponlA sjsMms of fttbiaimbld 
numli^. I'hrou^b the |!tm!w p*rt of K3«>(*. the 
viflM whieb pMTuli&rtjr brJuR^ lo iHnkl diKpnidonx, 
■nd whtcb mn the tiAtanl cWfcoc^ of wmkomsv ihmil. 
«n<J bypocTiBj* ^■^^ tt]«>ya bvao suM ^UsnrpaiCAbla 
'Jn Uiir iiUwr bMHl, tlM exoiaioi of UveMy md doiii^g 



4 



r 

I 





lUCnATSLU. 




■pintt httve been trrfltcul widi mdultgeaee, uiil rrm 
mttb r0H>t>c>- '^^ Xulum r^f^anleil mill dorrMfond- 
in^ Ittoitjr Uioa* cricniB wbi^h require Mslfi^ofiuiuuid, 
AiJJnMt qoick <iUi«rvBtiuii» iwrtfthp mvofitioB, iimI pa^ 
Jtiwnd laiowl«|gu ^ kunuui lutanv 

Sudt A princo u our Ilenrv cKo Tiftli would tavt 
Inttn the idfll of the Nanlt. Th« Miv of lib yotiUi, 
ihc acUUh AfnbidDD of lib muiliiMil, tba LoUardi 
iv(»t«<l si K]nw Bnv, tkff praonnrft nMmimiil cm tbd 
Bdd of btttdc, th? ciXpiriniE JnM of ifdertCmft rv 
uifwml l^f tuiollivr MiiLttry, tho dradfi^ l«g>cr <3f a 
.^umJcv *iid luip«l«a vji- bCiiiMxtM to ft )»(^ 
wlio )iAil aa nIVRVt in ita cwot, ottrj thing ia for* 
^UAB but ih* vlctury of Aguieouru Fruicb Sfbrm, 
aa iUo otW hand, itna th« nixLJ of Itjlian Wods^ 
Hit nuule hu rraploy^tv and hU rivaU ftlilte Uinloob. 
Uv ^VfA i>\*!^\invfvtv'l hia ofiMi «n«ttni«a bv the M|i 
of fiuthlcA aUicft^ ba tben amiMl htaMlf a^niiit hn 
aIIw wiib Uw ipoJU takao from hn an^nikaH D^v t'l* 
ini'ompoBsUtf iWxi«ritj, Jio niuud hbnselt' frgtn tlw 
pi-oranoua and dofMndmt •vtwuion of a miliuarv ad* 
vciiiurtr to ihe first ihraH of Ttmlj^> To nich a man 
tnndi «u Ibipvcni bollaw'fnaDilibiis nn^owvow an* 
injtj, TJnktad frith, Rath an ihft nppodta «ffroi9 
which nvai Domnit, wb«i thtnr anonlilj » ooC m 
■cavpco bol a taito» trlicai (boy ahandoo otumal (>ri»» 
ci|>h9 for accidriiial aaiocsaUoiw. 

W« han IQwttwiod our maaring by an insuncc 
blivit JKiin baiioty. Wa will niloci anockor fKim 
Sclhn. Olhdlo murdon Ua wtfu; bo |pv« ordcn 
r-r tho VBrdar af hb tteiiteaani ; he mda ht mnr^itr- 
■in himaeUl Yvl br ttcvrr b»n ibe eiUvm aiid alfeo* 
tian of NcriiiTit mder^n Hii istrcfild avid ard«Bl 
ifaiit mbvnu vver^- Uiiai^. Tha uaifpagtJiig cooA 



i1 




HACBIAVEIXI 



jKicu with wbiL'h lie IkUm ba hi* Ailvba', th* J^>unjp 
witli wlai-U lia uhnka IJrutn tlui tliuu^bi uT «huMt 
Uj« UAupwt (iT puvkmi niUi vtnuU Iw cuobuuu bis 
■riutti. Bod ilia hu^iy fwH<i*um< ^Uh wUcb bt 
b« croflr« ilium. ^«« au «xtruviliiwry iaberoat to Ui 
cdiuaelcr. Imj>i\ dn titu conltvy, b tho oiyoct of 
tmimul ioACl)ie»)E. Mur^ at* KncUiwd to m^pa^rt thai 
SliaL!i|i«w Ii4* boMi >fduotd into vui cia^viu:euu 
itnuMJ mitk luui, mi liw dmvn m iikqucct wLq 
Ibu UQ *tthvtyp9 m biiWM) uatuiv. Now vr^ <tt>pMt 
ihit AH ItitiUu Auiiiuoov iu iW liilvcj^tb cvutur^ wotiU 
Iwiu Mt vot^ iHAvrvDtljr- Otkclio woukl h^vn in* 
wfkni ooUuug bvt detoBiatlon and o^nu'inpc T!i« 
ftll^ n-ttli wiiidi he truftt* t>ii^ IrioDdljr pmfcmonjt 
«/ m USUI wtMMn proniniioii htt hjid obalruvtfil, tJia 
crpdulitf wtUi whidi h« liiiva iHiftup[>vrt«<L awrtiuia, 
mad tDTal ccruvm^liukCQft. fur muinswurabU proo&t xtt9 
mkncf wfifa wUch b« (Svjku lb» «i€uJputio« lill tli« 
aualpaliaa can «nljr ii^^rtTatc lis miMryt would havu 
odbod ihv alihOTTvnco ui^l du-^usi of tho sp«ccawr«> 
Tkfl eotidiiei of Ib|^ tlio/ wuuld ostuivd]/ Imvt' con- 
JstRiird; bat ihnjr vnuld hftvo coodrtiiBod il v wn 
stmAtnoi tJ»l uf h» victim, Sunietbing of inUfivit 
uid nvpect tt^iUd i>i« initi|^od «itfa Ihoir diuppn>bB< 
tidA. Xliw rwdiiMM of tha tnitor* «^ Uie cJ^itttev d 
Ids jwC|p>cnt, tbv cfciU with vliich ho |H-(:i4m«» ihe 
dupoudotu of oihcnt and coocysli hk <iwd, wouM 
Iat^ jiiUT^ bo him ft curtaiji |>ortion of iliuir «ile«aik 
■ &o widi? WM Uie difibrcnco hctwccn the rbdtam And 
iWir iMighboorH. A aiTnilaJrdilTeiTikCAvxitMd lu n rw 
the Oneki of Uto veoorid ceolurj bdbiv Ghritk and 
iWr B»tttn iliv Romun. Tlio cop((ticruris bnw 
tad rvM^oli^&JUiiy tu their <ligie«niaU»i and ttrn^j 
«i««Me4 hy raligMOi Ibdiapi wdr^ it the mom dms^ 



2SB 



HACtlUVELU 






i|[nonii1, ArUtmiy. n>^ crneL With iW vui*|ut«hed 
pi ii[k|<> wmfr ikfKiaitiMl aII titf »rt« the if >niri», jinif thr 
Ut* niixttt of rh« W««b*ro wocliL In pi>^T, in plii- 
liwiphv, til pwniin^, m urliitMrlwv, in tculfUitv, (boT 
luui m^ rivftlK. '['h«ir nuuinvht wcro polubvd, tUvii 

tdcmni, fifliible, bumAnc ; tmi <if coann^ md nflesr^ 
lijr' Ui<^ vrere ftJiiMMt t>ti<TTiy J«Miitite. ^wrj twis 
rvninrion rniiMle^ hhnMlf ^ lii> ioidUiritiit inlnrinf^ 
itr. hy n^inHrkiri^ ihat .Enciwlti^^R nxi4 l&ctft MirnM«l 
<Hi4;f io mnke men alliei^to, <viwm^, lutd kUt**. Tbn 
iLidtifiClioo Umit toniiini«<i lo hv Mrnttf^y tnarlctd, and 
I'linijufiMl an wlnirmbltf fut)J«ct for lli« fifrc* tarcftRDi 
<»♦' Juwntl- 

Thn cjtinan «£ on luilian oammonwRalth wb» tbo 
Giwk oT !>>fl iIrm of JiiTf«Al and ih* Orv*k <4 the 
tinifi of Prrirlo, joini^d in onr. Likft tlip fiirmf, ho 
wai tisiid and plinViln, anftd aod mmn^ Ror, lilra 
Oi» UttoTt b« bad a counirir. lb indvf^qiilaic* awJ 
pr oap u ri ty werv dc«r lo him. If hJii dianirtflr w«riv 
degraded bj vone We crtnM*. ft wjm, un ilw otJi«r 
^^nnd. cBQobled hf public ^ptril aud bj an bonviinihkT 
drN>jiiinii. 

A Tk« "Anrlir'n^id bv the f;mm) ofMoii fa nurel}' 
% vice. Th« evil t«niWNUua In itiv^f. A T>f« nMk 
d<TLnTi»d by di* gmart l opniMii pt«kIuc^« a fivnticMNv 
affi«:t on die irbr4« i.-hamc-lr>r- Ttv Tmni-r in a l<iral 
BnUj, thv Utkr a c>MttimtiiKial UinL V^brn the 
>»|mttiCoD of the oAvdvr b kvi, he tee oftvn Wngt 
Itw renaliu uf hif virtue ifto- H in desfidr. Tba 
Ril^hUiid gmtUwion vbri, a cvntiitj' a^ fivvl bj- 
'Atcing bkek mail from U* T)«lghhM]>«, ^otttftittod 
llii* >«nw< rnMB fbr «hb*h WiU waa artampaBCed to 
lybon by the hiiaai of twp hmtdf^d tho^uatod ptapl* 



4 




lUUlUVKUJ. 



28a 



Jtiu thora an be no dottbt ihax ha wa^ a iiuiuli lw« 
clcgmvcd aua thaa Wild. Xho dood for which Mn< 
Brow&Rgg WW lianj^ lati^tt into mihin^. wbem com- 
pvnl with the Ciindu;:! of thv Rmiuui wh^ tr«ali>d tb* 
pob&: to ft huodrax) |>av of j^tacitftt^.rv Vol vth iImuJiI 
g^Mlljr vniujc such » l{<iuuui tf »*< supfiawJ tluU hi« 
diltpoMlkiu wiu u crtMl u tiiat ot' htn, Uir>-aftiri^g^ 
Ia iHir wa cuuDir^t ft womun iuduiu livr j;Iu<w Ja 
sooniy by v]idt, ill n niftu, U icm commonly oonnduml 
■ft ftD honoursbJo diiiuictiMi, an^ u wrvt. a« » Yoniftl 
ero>r. The MsueqiiMice i* notoriouft. Tho moral 
pfifhOpU of ft wookiui U jrn^rttly noTo impftircd by 
ft ftiogk lftp«# froei virliwi tfaii:^ lJiju of a luxn hy IwfuUy 
yean df iotr^pua. CbuuciU aaiijqairy wouM fumiti 
Oft iriih instftiicG* KLnNi^;cr, if jHMublo, tliaa dioM to 
which wtf kftvw r«c«nvii 

\V'e Esovt ftpply thk principlo to tbo oftu bdhn* tu. 
Hfthiu of diuicaahuuti] ftod fiklj^^ood, no donbt, rmuIe 
ft amn of ouf agi! tad couolij »i utterly incvthluto «nd 
fthftnikaiftd. Bui U by no mwiA lulbio ihii ft nnukr 
fi^dffomti woxiLd be jialin thft cftst of an Ital^jm im th* 
lakUk iwM, On th*: cooitranr, m jrvqooatly find 
ihcae buJu which v«r art iiccluuiqmJ to coii^idor ft< 
ccflftiu io(UatliiJDB uf ft nixivX txlto>p:thur dupcttvedt ui 
CpftBtfftny vjth gfvxi mad good qualiuoa, with f^caiuniNly, 
wiUi btttcvoAcnce, with disiuttTtaK^iHiM. Krom iitdi 

ft MaU of AOricty, ridanu^loa, in the ahiiinhle dolftgu* 
nT Hume, mi)(bt h^ve drawn iUiiAlnuion^ of hi* lh«ory 
ftft ohhiDg iiA any uf tJioMtwiih vlLich Fo»rli fumiibml 
hun. Xfatte an; out, we welt know, the Uwuim wTiirh 
htftonam ftin gcnondly matt Cftrv^il to tench, or rcadon 
■Mftt wSlin^ uj l«ftnu Bui ihvy ar« not ih«rvfur« u«^ 
vai. Uftv Philip ditfpo»4xi hii trtMipn at Cbiiiron««i 
HwTv llftunilMl crottod iho Al^t& whiter Mftij hU* 



« 





MAC'IIUTIILL 

irp DaraLejr, or Si^wer hIioi duH^ ihe Twelfth, uid 
ii^n Aoiamd odicr (piMtkow ti tiio Mint dotcripttois 
an in tbrnwAvw cnliapcRttBt. Tbr inqurr mw 
■ttiDAe DBi but ibe deoiiMi Wtm ns ao wii«r. Ha 
«1nnE- mil* Imtory wi|;)tt who, obBerrtng Haw power- 
fully firwiMtaiMM mfluimM t^ fMIngs ind opbilcma 
oC men. bow oAun vi<^rs ^am bito virtu«i ftn^l fMu^oxoi 
inio uJotn>, kviM to difldngniih whu m ftocnkntal an^ 
tnn^tnj U bimu wrture from vliic b «aMniU and 
«nmiit«bl& 

In Mb nvpect no kbciTrj me^it mon> importam 
ndtfcdoTu ikm llial of A« TiDcaii and T>iiDlMiid to»- 
woowHttllu. 'Vhn cbtractfr of th« luliui JlAteamvi 
^««1QI| si fint Kighlf a auction of cmlrvdktium, a 
pbintom » ftiooUrow m tli« povtrvn oT IwU oi Hilimt. 
htlt divinity, hmlf sopJcv, iRiycrtic and bv*atLftil nbove, 
IjrovdEifg and polMnMii below. We see a mm whom 
tbeni^ AAd w««dA luir« ti6 Mfinnnion vrfth Cftcb 
othcTt wlia ittvcr lieuttCAi at tn Mtb wlien be wblus 
to wdnee^ wbo nerer wub a f>re1«iit wlieii be m lt»- 
cliTi«d la httrnj. Hi* rnichi«i H^nng, nd< from the 
lutat or blood, 4ir tlv iaun1t]r of oncioatrollid powar, 
but ftvni devji Mnd mi] iiwditaikm. Hn pmionn, like 
wuU-4nined tnxif*, ara iffipotunTO* hy rvtf, and ia ibdr 
mo«t bradrtrang hif norer roi;get the ili«cip^iMt to 
whieb tlief bare beai aecnMaowL Hb whole mfqI 
IS oriTtijiia! wiib w: and onmp^^catnl if hnmvi of uk- 
biiiriji : yM li£< a*p«ci and Ua^iljc^ fnliitnt nothii^ b«t 
ptiiloMiphical medftnliAb. 1fatr<H| and nrmj^eat into 
hi-1 brtrt r ynl cxvry took m k cnrdu! ^mile, rYerr fO«l* 
nro « fviniliar imren. Hv rwTvr exdln Ibe voqiicioii 
pF Ilia advvnanca by petty proroctttiocK. Hii porpov 
■ dodoiwd OT))y wbcn It ■ aroorapluhed. Hh facv ii 
lanittfdt lib ipeeob b cMtn«ocu, tiB vEgUance b UJ 



J 



XAClfU^TEUl 



291 



mKlc«p, till ft tHaJ |Kant a cxpoowl, tUl a lore ftiia ii 
C^tMi ; aiiiJ tb«ti be rtnkui fbr lli« tint uid bat iim«- 
HUittir/ ccQtn^ Uie boofti of ilic EMritUh Qvniidn, oT 
the fcivdlottf And ptstixig Prancfamui, of tii« rmiutiiM^ 
flod tiTOf^nt Sptniard, lio noitber pcmotmi nor vbIuml 
fU Atint <Ufij£ttr, not hrc^mtt hf h iH9eiuiU« bo »lmTni% 
Iiiit btraiuv, in lh« Mociutjr in irhkh he livoa, Ijmiilit^ 
Uu CMMd lo be fefaiiBcral. To 4u aii iiijurj' <i|i«nly ihi 
in bu atjointioii, mt wkkwl m to clo it tucrotly. «id fitr 
lv*M prafio^lo. With him iha moa IbcmoambU moa'vi 
fti« thomi whivb u« tjie noiuat, tli« flftenlitttt, Mid i^i<> 
'IatIccm. He conacit eoniprebcnil how m vnui d]i'^*d 
ttrofX^ to 6<witt ihoK whom h» doOH noa Mtvfile %» 
XssCroji He voqld tliink il nundDeAt ti> drrlnre optn 
bcHtilitira aguivft mnU whota hn mi^t irab in ■ 
fiitadljr ocobncc, or pciMin in a consccrvtud wAfti. 

Yc4 thw Bina, bladt with tbo ^-icT« wh)di we t^on- 
Alikr fta most louihioro^, trilior, hj^>otriEif. coward, a-v 
vBMUi, WAA by no mcAitt dcAtxtntc even of llioir vtitiM« 
wfatcb w» j^nifnlly coasid«r %i indicaliiig »i]p«rior fdo- 
TAtkm of cltATATtfr* In cml cmniEe, in pa^Tcrancc* 
in i>nMSK« of iAii»d, ihonv hArlMiviui vrvmors, who 
wuTT furvmvtt iti tbe battle or th« branch, were ht \m 
\aMi>rn. £vcn iba duifcun wliir-h lie Av<ii<l«d with a 
caution Almon ptuQIanknciiA tw^cr coniwd bU per- 
oq>lMaa^ iwver |«nJj>ed Uft Invcntiiv ftcuJtiitft novrr 
wnnig ocit on« iv«rnt fmni hii areooth tonpiii. and bm 
|n«^iitAblf> brow- TSou^ a dan^^vrmM mraiji and « 
tfiti more dAnfceroiu ai^/unplire, he rocM Scr n jmi And 
hiiiofliri n! nikr. WiUl no moirb (mfeimat b im 
pJkjt llicr« waa aii «2tnoidinAjy dv|;rvtf cf &if ii«« in 
fa» intdkcl. Indiflfanint to trvth tn tbo tnuuairtiocii of 
tfe, be WW hoQoiUr ckrot^d to creih in tho fwouvb** 
tf jpocoladoiL Wancon rrvelty waa not in bis natorah 



I 




SiKi 



KACJfUVKUX 



On iha ooninry, wlier» no political olgVt v« fti «takoi 
hU Uiajio>it*on vju uo(L and buinano. Tlie duwopil* 
failiry of hU norvm aeiJ tht Activiiv of hij iMj^pmtion 
itic)iii*il bun to ttpt^itMm vith tho faolin^ of otiicri, 
uhI to lUiglit in the cbivititt inul courtwlca of 
kociftl liG^ P^qwltisily iloAcaudiiig to Acti<iiiB vZucV 
Bii^t *ecm (o Duuk ;k uiJod tlMCMed t^nogli mil ito 
fiicultWA, ho haj iivTorU]d,i74 an exquiuCo ■cffaihilitj', 
bach IW tho OAtunL and ;hc monl Riblini?, lor cvrtj 
ftracdnl aikd ewrr \pAy conoqici«n. lUUtt of peUj 
iiuxtpiv And fluvinmlltion ou^t h*vo naAty ^ hiB iik< 
r^pftbLf* of ermt genvral vi«in, btil llial Uie Mqiwtduig 
tlTvct uf hs pJtUwopiiical Oodm count>>niictMl tho Mt* 
mvruig tandvjic}'. lU HikI Uio kfcoot a^gjmeiil of 
victi]u4m>iio«t >od poDtrj. Tlttf Aim vtt pp>6l«d ftlilw 
bj Un MTcri^ of hia ptdfcauaxi, and h^' tho libonl*^ 
«f hi* ptbwu^ Th« portmu of lomc of tho r^ 
markahlo rt«laiu of tLa»6 tinMft mre peiA^jr in hu^ 
Dumj Willi thk dosoiplion. Ampk aiul tOi^f3idc 
r<ir«lu'^dA, bn>v« aUong aai) dark, Utt doI frnwiung. 
«fo« uf whjdi the caha full |pui?, while it expnmtm 
ltol}iinjj. mvmi to di^cont every ihingt chcoki pals with 
Uirij^lit aivd wdcDLaQ- hAUta. Ii|« fbna«d wiih boiniM 
dvEiQuy. hut conifinaMod with non: than iiwniilinn de- 
ciiitku, mark oQt men at onc« <storpri«ng and tiniiaJ, 
mvn ^^allj ^hJDod in diMiKtiAg tW pnrpoMi of otbev*, 
aii<l in L-uttOcaJifig thetr own, man who must hare Lotit 
riniiJitjibkA awaniw aad un*«lb allivA, but men, at tht 
Mumv ttmv, wboa» t«ni|ierv w«ra mild aod o(|a«bl% atiJ 
wb'i ynwiwwti an aiii|ih;aik and mbtloty of iiiicUod 
which would haro nodorad thorn amiiMBt aither in 
active or in oonteoplative IiEb, and fitted th«» aithM 
41 eD\^Gni or f> hutnLct mankind. 




\ 




lUCUUVELU. 



m 



riuQBt ftiMi pruvail vlnovt uaivccMdlj, wbidi scarcely 
ma^ ficnon Kniplct to avow, aad. whicli c' 't 

uidnliiu bat IwnlJr ec«ixire> Succw4in|; ^..l. l!^ : » 
rlan^ the Euhion of tbor mor«Ur wUli thv foslikm of 
Uieir Ittia uid tluiir coAclLts ; tiiVo mckjik? otLnr kiiixl of 

dujjciivit/ uT UmIt «ac«»U>rfc Nur u (bit >1L Poiteci* 
tv, Uin£ bi^h cokuI of ippcal ivLioli u ncvrr !: ' <r 

oooMbiuof ItlfX & Ronuui dictator oRur a gcnonl mtitinj'. 
Fiiiifing ibi:? di^linqiiGUU Coo nEjmomuA to be !lU pimidi' 
nJ, it «vl«cu 6*nT\e of thvan ai hAxtril, t'j bezir tliu whok 
fMoaltj nf AH oftvnce m wlikli ihvj ato not more Joq^ 
ly i^^iplkrateil thin tiiiMo ulio vm^jijiv, WlicUicr dcci* 
inA£;t« U< A cuairvtiJeUt iDuiiu l>1 miltUX'jr VX^Utiuil> W9 
Joigw tif^i; but vo Kilcinnl/ proUȣ agnin^t iLc in- 
injductkn of Mich a prlacj^o into tito plii]osuj>liy 
bblocj. 

Xa th» {mtfant ui«Uncc« Uic Jot Ik.w ^ilv^ii ou MacKi- 
wniUt ft nun irlioM public cundurl wud upn^l Jin<| 
boiMunU^, who«o ticwk of morality, wbcre Utej^ii* 
liC«d firuw Uiuw of tlio i^raoMh anuiuJ Kijtj, wiaiicj to 
haw <US«nd Ibr tb« bvitc*. bjiJ vLtoiv uuly (unh wajt^ 
lliat; bavia^ uloplud lotno of llie toixiou then gnivrU* 
\j rtcvivod, tko uraaged tbcan moire liunliiv^iuly, <ikd 
BMfWMwi tbeiD more forcibly* diAn any olb«t wrticr* 

Bwrin^ nnv, wo bopc. m uoic dogrop cIcaro|] tb|i 
pvrioAal chamci«r of M>chiBV(JU, wc coafe« to tli« cuT-- 
pdoatioQ of bu worki. Ai n popt ho u ;;.at cniiUfd 

lOflbi^b |>bic«£ tfui lia coca«di«s <l<''«crvo (iti«itiftQ|iv-T 
'rUtt Msadnigola. m |iiutii:diir» id nip^riov to tbe 
bm of tioUois, aod icfaior oaly to tlic bwt vC 3lo- 
liira- It ie tbo worlc of a nian wLo, if hc bad dovotud 
Vltttelf Uf the druna. wouki probabl)- han? aitatuotl 



294 lucBunuJ. 

the bigh«Bt einiDviKT, uid prrxluctfl J [tannanvtil »id 
KaltJlar^ clf.i^l on t!io nutjonol tivK\ TTiifl we itifiTr, 
not #0 niuci; fWjm tho dcjfroo, » fVun th^ kind of fti 
exodlenee. Thero «re ectfapoiiiBOiis -mhkh Cn^lcato «till 
f^roitrr ulcni, *nd whiA «re p p n w e rl with irtilt j^r«4tcr 
driigfitt fivjm which w« nbonVd h^rt dmwn vrrf ififfrr^ 
vnt runoluiioni. Bonb quilv vrorlStw ar^'^a^e tnTm* 
tcM. TIld ntn ngn of tliiv ^^end decGiw otf" rjq irt i« 
the fir«<|a«rLt occurrvVM, not of ddbmafty, but of mi*- 
pE4Ci^ btAuty. In ^ncnf. Tn^y u comiptiMl bj 
doqaflfic«, mtid Conwdjr hj wk. 

The rcftl otjc«t of th« drtma n the exhibition of 
hnnun dmract^. T!il», w« conod^ b no arhhrvy 
nuion, ongnuiting to IataI md l^in|iArir]r KvtoruUiotu, 
Uk« thoM emoii« which rcf^I&lv fK« mimbfT nf nrti in 
■ pUj. or of syllables in il lm(<. To this ftrndamoitft) 
law «T«r7 other tv^nZ&lioii 19 lubonlinale. Hw niu 
atloQs wluch most fif^rvlly i3«v(r1<^ c htr«ct«r f<«n tho 
1>c<t plot. The mother tca^c of th« [NiaDoni b ^ 
bwt slj1& 

Thia prindplf, rightly nnd'.Tstood, docA not debar ili*' 
pnfit froin any grmce of mmpovtjon. There U vt rtyk 
m which Mxae man may xvjl, iindjT *omo drrtinwiafi- 
ces, «iprai> hunsdr. Ttit-re h thenlbrv no ilylo wharfti 
tbt druna nrjocti, nono irhidi it doe> not ocranionally 
nqolra^ It Ib In ihu ifiiceninsent cf plaoe, cf lime, and 
of penon, thai the mfertor artfisct ML Tho Ihiiiutw 
rbpsody of MerrrotSn, iht clabont« dodamatjoa of 
Antmy, are, wher^ Slulctpflan baa pland ihcm, aarv- 
raJ and plrann^. Bat Dnrdcn wcmtd have made Mt-f*- 
ml)oi:hafletkge TiViiIt in hypirboln » ftnafiala* th»«> 
in whkh be dncnbiri the tkBriot «t Mab. CorD«fll» 
wWd bAT» nprcucotcvl Antooy u *coldiair and coax- 
ing daopam with all tb« naaittrad rbctoric of • 
&tMal antiofL 



luCJnArEUX 



29ft 



Nu vnterv have ic^fimd tbe Covaeilv tX EiigUud iic 
ivoply 01 Cun^Ttfvc and Shcriikii, Botli wcorf* mtm 
iplvBdid wh and po&^icU ciksic- UiUiBf^pil^, tbcry owk^ 
all tUdr cbirBCCen In th«Lr owti tilECauew. Thdr world 
h^tr tbc wno rebdcin tn the li^Hmnt^ drftma, whtch 
a tnuu^rmcjr btttn to a {iKinHng, Tfrnv ar« no M- 
K«i« toucliM, ijo hill's inrpcrrcviptiTjJ^ fudtn;; into ench 
Dthtf t tbc vrhiole iv Iigblvd op with vi pnirvrvl gliiro. 
OoUbNi B&d dnt* artt fbrgoHvn in Uj« common hVavt 
winch Slliuniiuaa* wXL Th« fluw«ri uid fnuU uf tlw 
mldlccl ahooml ; bnt ii is tho nhnndflnco of « jun^o> 
Rot of a garden, unwholccom^.', bcwtldcrtng, unproflt- 
■Ue from tta rtTT^ plfiity, nnk from itt very frngnuicc. 
Rrcr^ &ip, evfrrY Iwor, ^vrry mint, iji n man of vil. 
Tlrt very buitt aud Jupw, TjtHle, WitwouH, Pnff» 
AcT^, vutiliiiiv Uic wholp ilolvl of ftnCDboiullot. To 
provv ilio wb(Ll9 xjrf>bfn of :his cc^ool erroneous. It ia 
onlj nccauuiy to apply tlic lot vhich lEasoU-cd tbo 
cnduHiiod riorimcl, to t»lnc« tho iroc by the falAO 
TtkaBa. to cancraft iht^ moAt A^lobratcd chanctcri whloh 
have been drawn by ilic writiTi of whran we iqtcak 
with thft Bastard in Kini" John, ftr lH« Nnfn* in Rf*mco 
and Ju!:>rt. It woa nijl turplj iVonn wanl of f\X that 
filia!k>|i«m adopted io diflbrcol a laanncr. Benedick 
ami BoatHce thmw MSraW nnd MHIamsnt \\^u^ iho 
iludfr All tliu good mrinf^H of diu facL-tioiit htjuvf-^ of 
Abaoltito and Snt&co might have been dipped from 
llw &0f^ <rharact«r of Palrtajff wiiliout hang mi»cd. 
It ivodd bave beim <tixy far that fcrtilo rainil 1o have 
gi%«n Dardolpb and Shatloir a« miicb wit a* rriiu^ 
Hal, and 1o hare inadv Do|[bait7 and VergM ivCoH in 
each <?Uw^ in Biwrktin^c^izruns. Uat he kn^v ib»t 
wch imiiininiaat« prodigality waa, to uw hii gtm ad- 
utindili langnago, " froa tbe pttrpoae of pAi^jrins* wbow 



m 



lUClUAVKlbt 



uftd, ImUi al 1^ firtt ■ml now, vm> uid ia, Io holil,' nc 
it wcnr, tlic mkror op to K«tar«,'* 

ThW digniatiou wJil «n»U« our rawkn to nnclcntiuid 
a^lu; we mrna irliVQ vru tny ti«t -bl lll« Uan^JngvlB, 
MAcljkvtlii hoipnA^ that lie ocoapletcly andcralood 
iho DBturo c4 tJip dnuiuhUc uty «r-<l jJOVcascU Loli^ui 
wltiL K vrduM iMVt* ccudilnl )um to AKcd in lU Bv tW 
turrvpct (uiJ vi^oroiu dclincftiion of bunuii naiurc, k 
productfa inivrttii niLljuut » |iUataj|£ or »kUful ^ty^ utd 
ku^klt-r witliout' ihv \iMii uobitiufi o£ wit. Tliv low, 
nvi 9 T«ij duZicAle or ^dvtou Iowt, and In* aJvBcr 
Uitt |>aiteitif, aru <lravrn nitU ifiitit, Xh^ byjKiCfilical 
eonCovbor UanwlaiinUc poalnut Uo b, if we auvldM 
not, ^a origiiul oT Kaihcr D*}mui*r, tlio biat oonia 
fliuracter of Drjilcii, Itnt 4^ NkiM h lh« glory of 
|lii* piwe. We eaanpl call to miii<l anjr thbf; tliat n^ 
wmiiloa liim. ThcfgUiaa wludi Mojito lidkvluare 
tlifvv of ftUacUttuBt auC Uwmj cf itluilj, CM«onb< 
wid paiiantt^ not abvolitfo aimplvlqiu, an hi* paui* 
^h«ka|iaari lias iatkwd a vai4 aiAgninoitt of fool* ; bo* 
tli9 pnsciM »pocKa of wlucli wo apuak b apt, if w« f^- 
member ri^iL, to lie ff^iuid then-. Shallow b a toeL 
Dut hiH uiimol Apiriu vap|4j', to « certain dt^nr, tEu 
plaee of d^'vmcss/ Ujs talk a to tkat ot S«r JoliD 
wliat ioda watct is ti> ctLam^MffiXL It lia* t^ ^ < '^- ttsh 
Ottiica tbtn^U uvl ibtf }/ttdy ur tL< Ibvoar. ajuI 

Sir Andrew A^veclutcL atv fools troubliHi wilIi •□ tii«- 
uvij otauaomaum of tbcir CdJj, which, in Uhi ktiur 
pni*iiK<i« iMckiMK aad ducUiij, wd ui tho JarawTt 

'kwmniatM, abftiinacy, and confiwoiu Quton m an 
iguLi KmJ, Onrii: a Ju^iwb tboli j\j» tk J^Tagc fool ; 
Iftui Xioia* b, M 'llternlea lajn of Fatrorbtf, a fool 
iKNitire. Uia miad it ncrnpotd br no itrodjc tttlin^i . 
it tfjioi orrf^r cbiur^ct«r»axid ryC^ijanoDc; iua^pvi^fj 



I 
I 




HAOKUTttJ.I, 



59T 



onvnifioil, nut by pwuoiUi 1i«rt hy f*ltit iitd ttuitttoi^ 
Mnhljuiiv* of fi>&Minn, & mock J4ij*, a nv<-1e fiur, a movk 
iovp, m mwlc fnt\*, whkli cHkm* «ju?Ii other Uku 
ifa^nwi 9Ttfc iJii lurfii-u, aikI vwijidt u oajn in tl\iry 
appoar. Ur b jiut klkrt onnu^'l} 10 b« an '>tjf<ct, 40t 
of pttj CFT li<»tar, but 4>r ridioulo, Hu Kmh somu 
ra«fiibl«ti» to pcxir Cfttaudrino, whow rntnhnfn, ki r»- 

MMCVi rhm f<iur conhirloH^ Hfi p^rh,i)r< rrvm14«^ AtHl 
nnro<^bMvJy Simoci ib Vilk, tA vthom Bmnoftud Bii^ 

ffkvft K Like SimMt t^ ». \taT7w*i iiivvf^ii-jn ; nnJ tlm 
Agnity with mhieit he wvnn the doctofftl fur, rvndcn 
bfl AbiunSlJM biAnliely inon; gixtlwqw^ TlivoMTu«- 
«u it th» v«r7 hm^fOttgo for vudi a b«<n^. ltd pvcdiar 
naipticiiy givM oven u> ihft mmt forril>Ie rcaMnm^ imd 
lfa» most brilliant wit «i livfiintiao air, g^crfllly /f^Hj^ht- 
iU, favC to a ^«wi|;fii TVttdtr ■omt'tinM a Klt1<< hi<li i^iMxi, 
HaroM and nUttMiiAti ftann tn tijtp whtM) tbtT* itic il 
It b«omw Sicfw ttio^'TnimniWy, and rrivUrs all hi* dil- 
Jinov ioEbihcJj niovc liJlv. 

Wo raay afid, that Ui* r«pBp« trith wbi^b ilio Mii^ 
dngft^a ift intcn|MTMii, apf««r lo u« to W (h^ mo^t 
ipirilwl And comot of alt ihat MjicliiN*x'1G hu wTtiern 
In nnrN Ho ftxam lo hari^ i^temm«l the aaoM! 
optnino ; for h« hfta iiiUTvlafi^il some of tkcui in oih^; 
pbrna. Tho oonl«>nporvi«ii cf ihi^ autliov wn* not' 
Mind to lliip aimlx of ihb lUSkiag pioAr. Il wm a<^i^ 
at yiorvmv mtk tbo iinafust t«ctiM*. Ijtft ll»n T#Dlh 
«aa aaons lu ajdmirvn, And by bij mder il *a* rejire- 
Mited at RoiM.i 

l^tAOMf ua b*nrt«*rMr*l lUa lUl rm» J*H». 4r>»c?ula Oft 

•a>i I* M fH«v4r Affflw, *"« -^ -'* '=^ 1*^ a-ui^ u^ HpaUi 



A 



2&8 



IUCIfUV1CLU> 



Diphilwi. flauEEu vroK, nd^tteatkinttbTy, one of tW 
beat LAtin wnifira : bol duo CftMna w by no mean* one 
of hitf bort E^JB : aor la it one vrbicli oflt'n f^reot bcil^ 
tio« to an imitator. The Jilorv ii v alien {rom nv^jder* 
hMu gT Jifo, a« th* inannor bi wliicH Ji i* iJov«lop«l 
horn ihn huhI^fb ftikiuu gf compwitiunu Tlw lonr 
rmtioi m iho Go^itttrF tad tiio h«raBo m her ^tamhm 
iIoHd^ tli« wbold a^iii>o, luring tk«tr hvt to bo d^ 
ddod b/AfovlUh liUlLcr, s cunning noth^r, uid two 

with JticLgm^-nt wtd uu:'^ Hf^ Ii«" acooimnodjitoii tlit 
plot tn ■ tlifferant riatc of Acxdrrty^ «nd hjia rerj dsvlar^ 
OQily coD.ttv.tcd it with tJio iivil^ay or l»U own tanw- 
Tho rvluikni of Ui« tncii (lut fjci th« doting M lover ii 
vxcjuutlWj htuiiorvu** It ■« for Kiif«rior to lh« cnt> 
rvipoiiding l>un^ in tlio Lslin couiod^, and MVrtfl; 
yielda to the Mcoutil wlikli FftUiaiT givo» of hi> di>ck- 

Two oihrr ct»neiliM witlioat titles, Ihe oti« In ptfoM* 
llip other in verae, ifvpcftr uhoqic the worki ot Mairlii*- 
vttllj. Tlio Camwr u iirrj aJiort^ livuly tnnof^tt, but 
of oo K^Ml viJ«& TIm Uttior wi» C9f» ■cmraly lialiafv 
to bv puHunu. Ntkbor lu mtviu mvr it» ddeete r^ 
lUbd a* of iko ropatod uthor. It w» flsrt |if{iit«l in 
ITif'j. frwn A moziasrripi dwcovi^red in tlw c«lebmod 
Ubmy of th« SercoD. Itt gMminAbCM, if we b«vft 
bMM rifttitly intiomttd* b ttt»Uubtd Bolot^ b^ tkt 
rompanMQ of hmd*. On •avpioom art itrcnj{tlianed 
by thr ^inniEnnlMicni tk«l Ui« aam^ aBftnoftrripl cok* 
Uinvtl a duscriptiun of tJitt pUffuc of 15^, w\aah hm 
aho, ID ooMoqMfiFV, b«cn adied to t)iv worka of 
MflfliiAvdS. Of lUfl Vi«l <oanpOilt>on, ibu nrvngtv* 



■ 



J 



MICHUVIUJ. 



S94 



him giiilir. Kothiiig waa ev^r wriKtn morv i\t'tavn$h^ 
in matter wol nautiivi'. TIw iiAmtioivi, IIjo tv^vo 
tiom, tlw jokus, tlw bmcnUtumo, Are oil the rctf^r 
voni of tbttir rvapoctir* ktinlti. at oikw int«» uvl 
■dbctod, tbroodUiTO tiiiwjl fcvm tltv Ra^ Fain tttd 
U'-'nmouUi Streets ^ liicruttircu A footiih tdMnlboj 
mi^la vnt« «iirii a pone, awl. a^r he livl wriucti it, 
UiiAk it mwh filler llian tLe iticomparable tnCnMluidkiti 
ef ikc Decaiocnm. Bat lliat a riirewd d&teanifta, 
wivMM eadioftt worii4 art cliaribctcritad lijr manliiM** of 
Uiov^t and laii^iaage, aliMild, at o«ar nxty jt^rs of 
Kg^ docQiKl to ftucfa pvurility, B ntltrJjr UioaiiiccivaUdi 

'Hm littJc i>0T«l vf Mphogcir i« idoasaitdy cMiowv«d. 
in4 iJtNUOBtJj told. But tlii> vjUnvajpaiiiC« of the 
mthv in MctiL^ Mtcaiiurc injures iu t£bt^ MacliiAvclli 
«u uiliHfpi]/ mnrnoil ; -Mid hM wi»h u> avan^ hh 
own caiw- ami ikat of bu biic?tlireQ m mK^brtane, cu^ 
ried )iia:i bejond CTvn llt^ lln'oro of fiction. Jodmiii 
*Hmu to hait( combintJ some liiitt* lalcm From thia 
taW, iritli oU>oa fruD Ooccaocia, in iho plot tjf TW 
D^vil ib ail An, a i>lay wUi^lu ttiuugh not tbo woA 
liijlUly finkhcd uf ha componjtioiu. is puH>A|B tbai 
vhk:li ntiilaLK tiM aUvi^cAt pronEt of gonim. 

Tbu |x>titical ronrci^p<Miilmc« of MadiiavfJIi, flnt 
oyblBhet] i(t 1767, ia ni>q[:«eilianablj i-onninr, aut 
I4i|^lj raltiable. 'Vhts luikapfij circunuitancc* in whick 
hh HMMtity w» pbc«d Jtiriiig titt ktmim- |iut of hi* 
p^Mk lift] g^vv cxtiaonliiiary cncntraijrmaU to dipJ»- 
imUr laionlA' Vr-jin Um moavBt that Chaxtca liw 
lw]H>tli dtiwoiuknl from tb« AIjm, iha wlui* dianct«r 
sf Italian politics woa changixL Tho gOTMiinwab of 
£h< PaaiiwxEa ro«MH eo fomi nn indifiotidvM i^nav^ 
D.-aam ham ihtv M orbit hy the ttflaetlo* <d' lli« 







UACUlAtKiAX 

lu^gir bodin which now sppRncltai tlien. tbiy li^ 
(sdM nei« Mtdlatea ^f PrvMA uwl Sfiam. AD tJi4r 
diipvUN, iolanul tmd AxttYnal, were d^dttnl byfo-cf^n 
izklliMfMVt. Th* ronlmU nf ofvfHMl* Ctrtjcm won 
DHTird on, not >A fbrAvrtir in t^Mf BKnti^nuN* vr in 
Um llUiricU|ll■■:l^ but in the AotvcltttDrlxTft ciT 
Biid KiThliBftiid. Un<lvr UiM« CLTCunvtaiKVA, tb« 
p^iv oi tbo iMluiE] $taU« iWpfndwl hr atarv 
ftbalirr of ttcir fbrd^ i^*Bt>f tl^>*n ua die mniliict of 
tliOM who w«ffo intnuBod with the clmi^bc »dim 
'trsiioii. Th« uvkaMtdor lutd io dUchar^ fwKiio 
fiu noro <Mrftt» Iban ImnmiiltinfE ordcn nf kni^' 
boml, tfitroilucift^ cnvHsiik or pr<T^]tJA<z hit hn^ihrm 
wjlh the hfiliuiEe «f tii* ti>ich cM»iil('nitio[f)- He wm 
an «itvoait« to whoM Imuugmuot the ilcvmn int*Tn» 
of fail cBints won iiUnntf^ a fpy clocbfd witli u 
vJuUlo ohMmucor- InMowl of cormiltJng, by n 
■unnvr and anbignonji nt^, t|i« ilf^ity of iJim^ wlia 
Im r«frfoeni«4, h« wm to phMf^t^ into all lh>» Eitt 
if tbo eotirt nt whkh h« reriilnl. to iE«ror«r mikI fU 
orOTY waaIchah of lUr- pHtifv^ iinit nf ibp fa^<ftml« w 
^ffjtfnwA Llio |>rinoftb anJ fif lUo Uoiuuj who iTivcm 
lifrfini<ourit»i lie wMi to CfUDpIuncrit the inutrvu 
bribo thg coitfonor. to (Wipgrris^ or toppGraiv, Co 
lugh or woqH to accomsamUio Inmwtf to Q*<ny 
pncor to Mi owf MUpidoo, to trounre crtrj hah 
lo l>« ovor^ tlibf. to obtoriv orrrr tlnn^. to cnAm 
•Atiw Aiiim. Hif^ as tlw art of politifil incrifttf* 
InMm ««rtM in llaljr, lhn« wnv tiinn wlikh iv^^it 
.tall. 

On th«M) orduou* «mn<l4 Machiavdii wm frvvinrnrtlt 
amployoiL Ho wv toni to troal with tbo Emg oC tik« 
Bwanw «nd with iIm I>ui« of \^Bl<mi«ol». H 
hrtot a»ba— dor at the Court of Romo, and ihrww 





l« wu 



MAinUTlUX 



sm 



^1 of Vntm^ In 1h«*e mUBuns, wxl hi «v«nl 
Mfaon of infvnor mig-orfMicv, t>t> »^|uitU<(l hisijitflf^iih 
p^m dMEU'H-.j'. Hbc ilospmcfavi lami oiiU cf iJw nxnl 

mirw v4? eltat and kf-nr«fuHv' wHtn'n ; th9 rMMTfcl 
on itioD &nd Ebin^^^Uvor ami j>Klkri>iis. Tho CiWfl^ 

mmwr. We find oancfvM inlithloec^l i»En link p^n*. 
flitfv of Uio nvn wli(», ilnnitjf twi>Dtv evvntfnl ?^**r«t 
aw«T«d ilitf ilmlinam of RsRrpv. Thint wit and tMr 
fclly, tlmr ft«dbltii<u and (duir mtrriiiMfDt, mn tx^nM 
to dc W« NI9 ariiniiio'l lo oreriivsr iKdr diic, ind 
to wvHt tUr CunObr gi^v-arve. Il le Enlefvsiifi^ atul 
i«rk>uii ui rrAOtfiniM^ in <^tmini*i«nM4 whicb ehult* ilie 
natin of hiitonAiui, tW n^i^hln riAt^fu^ and utinllAw 
i^unnintf «f Loui* theT«tflAli; tbe bvutliM^ (nuijtnifi- 
eiBcv of Mwiniliut, cvnod widi an impotent ^mm* 
vnCYftr NQOwa, rsifa yet liniid, ^b«iiiui« ^^ Acklo. 
ihwjv in a hmrry, y«c nlwnji too bto ; i)io A«ct?« lad 
hao^itf «iQig7 vriidch gave dl^tf 1« lh<j (cconiripi- 
tm <tf Jnlma ; th« loA and f^wi^fuJ manR^in which 
insakrd ihn imaiiaht* anhiiJon and tho nnplaraUe 
hMnd of Caeear Boc|Epu^ 

Wo IttTT mvMtiooed Cr«r Itov^a. It » ItnpMsSde 
QoC 10 jmoM ftir a iiMniaviC on tb* tiaDio of a nun tn 
wboiD Uio pufitiioJ monilltr <i Jta^y wa« *■> Mroiigljr 
iiiTfioiil11«fl. parttaDf McimL^ vriih the vtomev lliwn- 
oenta of iba Spaflisli ftiAimct^. Oi« two inportaiil 
tioeiioiM IfarMavtilli w» admiti^H to Us soclot^r; 
•M«4 At t]»« wmipnt whf^ 0«ar'« aplfrndiil Tinan)r 
•ehfarcd ila mort titri^ tnonpli, vb^ h« «angKt in 
oMRNinaikd cnwhoil *ioBe WowaB bit owt fcnoidn- 
SUnvab; wnd a^in «li(-iu f-vhaiutad by div«M- aixJ 
vranriubmad by nurfbrtmoA, wkbh no liMsan fm 



Ad 




tfACUlATEUX 



ileiic'e couH have svutuhU be vrati tlie privoiur of tht 
dtttUliM «naagr of hU boote. TKom iniorviwg 

doJ aUt«dii«o of tbe ^gje mv IWIlj' dnmbtJ iu the 
Cavmi'onAvMCi*^ nntl r<inn |>crhA|k« Ibo nmt intoratJDg 
part vl' i[. Ftvai iwiiku patirnnw in TliU PniiC«» HAil 
pvrlup* aJw fruin ioeuo tmliKtinct tiwiitJtMttt wnral 
wri^ra bavv iB|»paNd a conn<viJoii bf|w«iti ihoM rt* 
triorkablo men mndi doMr th&n ertr exUttd* The 
Kiivoy hu r\'cn b«oa Ai?ei3>cd c«r promptiag tibc crimfli 
vf Hw ttrcful nnd nwrdUlB tjrnAl. B»t from the oS- 
riaL Jrf)ciimeiiti it is fJ(«r thM Ukdr intcicMme, tboni^ 
cAtirm^iUy Amkutjlif, wa« in rraliAy boitiUh It cftiuioC 
U> duu1ii*<i« huwifvvr, Uiftt ili« invifiinfttioa of Maclii^ 
vvlJi nmt vUvf^rly uu}inOTu(U mud lui i|>«CQklkiiu on 
^uvomiDcait coloitrod, bj iIm obaarvitiaiu wluoh br 
iiuulc on the fji^pilv diarwbcT aii4 ttqually sinftnlu 
fuTtiin^ of a maa wbo andor Audi duadvuiU^ haiii 
iK'tiLtfveO nicii ««ploju; who, wtwEi Mosualitj, wivd 
tliitio^ iMMunerdilo Eonm, oould no lon^ ntimiiUlo 
h[» Mtod uuikdt (bund A mora poverTul and dwaUw 
exciicnuiit in lb* ii»l«nie tlum «f umpin »iid rwanfa ; 
«}ko cnwf]p;ed fh)B iIm i^th and luxury of tbo Sonui 
vurple dia fintt princa and goncval «f lAio ago ; wbo. 
trunnl Ln an atiHarliW ptoAnuMi, fnrvted a jffllant 
%riiL^ uiil Af tW drr^ of io imrailikn pnopla ; wba* 
iftar aci|iitring •o«^r«i|Ciily bj ti*Mrojtt% liia <i»inriM> 
aoquirinl pofiulaiiQr by do•UoyU^{ bu touU ; vbo bul 
bagV- to Vloploy fur llio mott ttilutary eud* tbv povar 
which Iw hunl mtuitiLHl by tbr mtM alrucknu umuu ; 
who tolvniitfd vfiihin tlia >pUn of hw inM dvpotiMi 
-»i i^unilrjvr or oppreirtor but biOBMlf ; »md «ho M U 
lut anudst tbo mhqElad amea and rcpvui uf a faofk§ 
«f iflaoflii lib giaiai b*d beca the ir«nif«T, aod Ql^ 



I 



• 



HAOIUTKUX 



804 



uiTc been tlw nlntkau Soaac of dioae ctuum d 
fiorgJA wljLrli tci ni ftpjvftr tW uMf (uBnot would tioL 
from (au*4^ vrWh fee \iAxv aJaWf ccii«:J>Tn?(l, Imiv 
•Onck an Italian of tlie fiffcMbth ccDtiury vith eqnai 
bontir. FMnolk fovJtitg »ba xni^t uidoca Uacliii^ 
rvlli to louk wi;L wme iiiOulgcooo «i3d rv|^ on iba 
■irmHrj of iIn) <mljr leader vfao could huro dc&nil> 
•d ibe lndffj«i6taco of Italy aguniA tho corfcd^t&te 
ifinLffa of Cainbnj. 

Oil Uii« subject ?kl4clLLavd]i frit oao^ tbmngljr. fi»» 
diyiJ iIb« cjtpuUiofi uf Iho foreifitt tynuiU, and ib« 
raUnraikm of tliat Auud^^ ^'^ wliicb lud prvocdod ibe 
trrupiius *j( CIuuIm ibo ICiglatli, hviv projwU wlildi, 
»i (Jut tmu\ fiucbi&iixl aJl tlie maAUr^furiui uf Itsly. 
The mn^u&ocsit viuon ddighu'd Uio gfcftt but Ul* 
rognbotd mind <4 Julinik. It dlridixl with maQuncHpn 
■nd Muc^e, painirn and falconi, the atU<iition of the 
friroldui Lrou It ptmiiplcd iha jcmirnm^ UcaMn of 
Hoiran*^ Jt inpulcd a Iranhitfui wnvrgv tv lit* liwlilv 
mind usd bodj of the lari Sfgn«, It «xciti?d &« wi« 
iBomcsit an boii«i< vuiljitwn ia tlio lalHi bcart of i'c^ 
«»nk FnrocUy aiMl iiuoltwc^? wen* KQt aitMiig Ui* 
w» <jt iho luLdocml duAcUd'. To the djacriminftdin 
crodufH of poltiiolAJo*! coiniaiiccd for gmu 4od* «a 
Ml«ei victims, tin.- moiTa] fM)do af th*^ Iialiaot wa^ too 
vdnlgfiit. Bui tlioui^h Uwr oii^bt hare rMourw to 
WrWriiy as ah ttX|Mdi«ti, thvy did iiot raquire i1 at a 
atitnulauu 'X'bejr Itunod witb botttluni; Irou iltu atroc- 
ty of tJio »trai^«n vbo MMOwd to lov^ blood Ivtf iu 
iwn mIw. wboi HOC eootoit wiUi mtjn^aujig, ww 
Vfatknt to d^xtroyt wbofoond a Aradbb pJoMm b 
ffttiv^ xm^tflcrcii dtio«« euuing tlio tbroau </ oMouot 
vho ai«d far ^nartifr, or «tift>«tinjr an onuwcd |iO|»»- 
htiiMi bf lbouMnd« io ibo cavi;ri« to whicii it htd fled 



m 



IIAVBIAVIXU 



fer mIM^, Sack wifN tht* rrurtliM wlticTi duly Cxcitid 
Ui« Wmir and iBi0:ti«t cf a people utiotic wli'.^m, tSH 
lat^l)', it.o worst that % FoldltTT liad m fi^r Jn a i^iioM 
baule wu the Iom of lib horw nnd the fxpen>« of Ui 
nnaonu The nwinah inlMnpfrsnoe of SwitMrlnml, 
ibft vroltbJi ftVArir^ of SfMifi, tiia fftt^a Krcniioiijcnou «f 
lh^ PW:iHi, Eorbtie^ In rinhlkm of tiutpiUlhj\ of ilco 
emr^r, of lore ttavH, the wantm Tnlmittuntj wkicli 
vrsA common to slII dio invud^-r^ E^rn] inmk* tlioia nk^ 
jocb of ii«wUy tmtrud to lliu tiiliaUtmiria of tin Pcimt- 
toliL TUe vrvmllb yrhlch bad Urn >ccumulatfd during 
ecni\in» of jirMptjhiy nrid ivpesv w«t rs|rfdhr lavhihi; 
iwnv, Tb« Intclkdtui] »^j.<Hodtj tf ih.^ opprtsn) 
|kCDplc 4tn\jr Ten A crtd ibon iw>(« k«fnljr wfntUc of 
llurir poltiinft] d«|^blfion. Lii«-aiiitw kjmI 1a<Us in^ 
deed, rfilt ili«|-ui*«id with b Awh of hfvtic luir«4in«m 
■nd bntlknc^ tbe nvMgcs 4)rjui tncurvbk duorr. 'Dm 
iron Im4 not ^tt <ai4«f«l inUt ^ ■ntil. Tli« tln>« wi« 
not 7«c fxiiii^ wlion elr^oefki-t- wu ti> b« sigc^t »nd 
mtcfi to bo hoodtrinkcd, wIkci itw tuu|» of tbo 
vM to be biuig on tho wiDow of Arno^ and tW 
bAJiil of 1^ p«in1«r to feq^ Hs ranntn^. Tf-1 a 
orroing «J« mi^bt tnrctfi tbm baw nwn thftt g«tdiii mbiI 
bvitine would iKrt lon^ nwtrA tbn t*&?C of thinf;* 
froiQ wliJch th^ bail ifimnjj^, «nd tkat lb« frrmt mm 
vhoM tftlottlM ^xo b»lK to l}ut loelaDchol)' prtiod bad 
kvti fonn«d uDdur tli« inn<n«iif« of lisppler da^, tmd 
vwdd lvftr« VM svMcnon behind ihcm. Tlifr tiflMtf 
whlfh rfiin« with fii* f^NKUA ipl^ndour in liNwy 
UiiEorv nr« not alwan t}ioM to wbkh th(> b»imn ntliMl 
In nwol uuMnod. OT tbia wo nuy ba ^ni-in«<d. by 
^ompahnic tti* gvrnMVtion whirb Mlnw« tKnn with that 
wlurh bad p'«M4f*d thfaik. Tl» ftr«t frmtn whl^^h 
:«p«d ivnder n bad ajtrton oAmi q>rinfE b-^ni 



rf^& 




< 




iuajuv£ux 



81ft 



lov^ tisdcr A goMi iXM^ Tliiu h wu* in »oim n 
ar>s wtlli (Im At^^^uUii «|^, Thai it wMt -jrith ih/t 
Mff^ of HAjilnd anJ AntHtOt oTAldiu nnd VuU. 

ccnintrv, »it<l clcurlj dltuuroud tb« caum uid tito rttoi 
dy. I- W4« i:iu rnxliuuy rftimx of ibo Itnlbn 
which liad ttxiinguiiliud tbclr nlor urA duui{»liii«w ai 

ft. Tbf SfCjTtfATj j;<ni^oc^ > icbniiQ oJikc li 

Ijle lo liH JMort vid Iq hti int«Uect, % «1>oli*liin^ lh« 

unt oT ncrcndry tro;p*, mud fbir orpuuMJig » tmXi 

ubject oTt^il jtlrav Uj rcwuc lilt aamo from nUtxpaj^ 
Thoiiy>^ TiiL Hituftlion Aiid lijj iutbiid were pM&Cf 
af^ 1 I iuEcnac ftwiduii/ ibc tbvory of wmr. H<t 

iBft.;. if iTULitrr oTmil ju dcUuU. Tlic Fivvnitna 

blc .-.i„ -. 1 drift tVgw [A^ix to |)Uc« ir. (iqnicr lo iW|«j 
tntaod il>« vx«culHjn vT t»iv da^. 'Xl)« limm «< 

f r*:^*m ■ i ry Uc;i<^ lutd Bndcr^<flw a grcnt r«^i>lii- 

i ho ctt^^ry vft} no bngcr coniiduoid ah rufiniii;^ 

■ ' r ' Hic Wnr* wWp)i a citn 

«r • i3iLjj['.iii ht rmdcT iam ui luuTul Ibotoj 

.1,.- _-, ., .,.i'j.j|y pmriDiUi tt-Lk:li bulls l);« 

>a of groat rowiu c^4uin''id7 
[l:iwt»:c. tV u 'jiii« the Mhtfttic proaitMd wAU TIm 
«c« irosfii mqmiitcd lh(aii>clv«9 ro^tscttUj in tlt%. 



•«b w 



lA 




w 



VACHUTRUJ. 



iMi U«clTi&<r«lli look«d with parvnUj rtptorv 
the «mvu of hiH pUi;, %nd li^^^ Ut liojM tluu tl*f^ 
ftriu* (jf Ifitly filial uiicv mucv U; furoivdalflv tj tbi' 
bwbNfuiu vf ihtf 'I^^eni Mtd the Rhimu But tlw tUai 
of mutortun* cano oo befbn dio bcutis^^ vrhicb ihoaJd 
hate wftlwtocd It w<«r« pt«|urucL ^oe a tinui, 
I^OTfenoc mijcHt tie cor.ii^lotnj aa pemtijulj fortai 
PuririA and Kword anil fJMuWncr had iWftiiAt«d 
fivtilp |iImei« nrt'l xUli-l/ dlitw of Eh<r Po. AH 
oones denonntcfl of old Ritainvt Tjrt mciood to luii 
IUl«a on V«iiiic«^ Hot invrdiviu a\tfdj Biood 
vfi^ IsBeotins far llivtr tfnnt cilv. Tlw timv wvi 
bear tHiQii Uiv auft-wixd thnold ovcriproyr bor 
Riftlto, and tha Aahmnan wMh iua nvU in hor 
ut-fiial. Kfl^o bftd ^n four ilmei conqucivwl 
r«tfoiir|am9d br t/rsnte tf)iift1ljr Jnfl&nsiit to iln 

ytlt had ally lo nidurv d^jpikdltiaii and exiortkai, 
mbcnit to thiv aiukdutci of tatw^ iHxir^n, to bu^r 
md o^^«r ft|pdiu at &ft eikonnuA pnw, vhAl 
lUnwl^ jVftly hvr own, to nHarn tJiKalu for bdl 
woDgod, and bo wk pttdon ft«r bdng io tbo v%hi 
Sho «u at Imglh deprived of tha bloMlngs um 
thti lafiunoofl and acmlo rtpcm*. Rur militaiT and 
polJtkal tnffitalion* vnm iwd^ airay togftlwr. 
M*lid reCanied, in thv tr^n of fi>TOi)^i i»vad«n, 
llidr loi^ oxtki. 'Fho poJtcj of HachiaWU wa» 
donod ; and km poldic vomcci w<«« roqvdtod 
Dovtrivi unprwRiiMaitt and ti:atuTO. 

T>ioUiun italwman lUU cluop: to bu pm^oct witli 
MNkbalad ardour. With Uio tjow «f vindieatiag 1^ 
fltni MtM popular objcdkoa ud «f rcArin^ ao«JB 
(jfov^iii^ onron oe Uie faifcjeci «f nulitajy aociKT, 1m 
ivTota ha «•*«« booicA on the Art of War. TTnt as 




J 




rvDcitl wnric 11 in tlwt ihrm of x dutloguft- TIm nfnn- 
Hms <if the writer aro pot into tJi« Biuiith k£ Fnlinda 
Colonnm, B poworiuJ iwbtenun of thv I^(^lu^jut)<:a] 
8tAte, and «ii 43fflc«r <ir dUtIiiguUh«<l merit la th« 
•snrjCT! of ;htf Kliif^of S^n. CoJuivim vUils Florrnre 
or luji «my ^^om LombLrcly to his o^ni dninftin^t. Htt 
in ifiriwl to moffi irimc frieiiil* At il»e }ioa*fc frf Ca^ime 
Rocdlii, %n iLmiabT«* iri'l accompli tli«! voanft man, 
wtkOoiA fvrlr dcftCh Jkln^liuvcUi rc<-[Ingl5 dcp1orc«. 
Aft«r ptfUking of ar> clf^nt entvrtaLriin^nli \\wf 
ratcra fnnn the he*t into i\k most shnUy rvciasci oi 
Ike ^vden. Pabruno U AXruck Uy the ftlglit of HHni 
UconaiDiia jilaiitd. Cuiimo d&/a tituu iliua^li nuv, ia 
nodcm (Urs, they nro freqnontly maiiTJon>cd by llie 
d«Mk«l mvUiofV, (in4 tSnt )i^ granrlikihcr, Che miny 
cAer IlalUiUv aninM<l hinuclf nith pnictisiDg the 
ancinnt otctb^iji of ganlentng, Kabri/io cxprc u w 
ha n^TVt tljat tho«e wlio, In latvr Uiimh, affvcid the 
nHmi«r« of the old Eooiuuu ihouTJ adect for imilat4aii 
the BDOBt trying purvnit*^ TliU f«-adfl cc a ci>nTerwtioD 
on tlie ikcGne of nuliloiy dindplmv aad on l)iv bert 
■cefM of rvatonng ft The in^titiidon of ihc Ftonm- 
tine mtKtia b abTy ifefrn<]«d ; anJ si^venl improve- 
oamtx Are mg^>«Bitn1 in tlif* drCaJtt. 

The SwUa and the S|WLiarti« wciy, nt that ti<n«, 
re|{Rrdvd » the biAt volitjurv in Euru^^v. Tliu Svi\m 
baliali^^n conidvtcd <£ frilicflieii, end bore a c4i>«l- r*^ 
Mnbluioe to the Ort<ok plialant. The Sfantftrd*, 
Hkm tbe e^MW* of Rome, were iui»vd with ihv incirj 
tnd the «h>rhl, Tbc vtridiic* of IHafnminm ni^d 
Anlfina otn- thff Xfnci^loni^n Utij^ n<«i to piiAc 
be (iq^erionty of the irmponi uan] by tbe Itrgiori* 
rbe aoxse axperunavtt bijrl Wn recently IriMt witk tb« 
reeuh at Uie battk of fiatt^nna* one of tkoav 



nov cout|imH tile wbolc ilpi-vtatumi of i faimiw uc i^ 
|jlfegufi. In that iR<mi>nUir conflict, tlia la^uy ^ 

\^ kU Uidr Mc^ bcwoJ a ptaua^ UirougU tke tbick- 

3«f tlt« impftricU ^<^ mi cAvicd nn luikr^j^ro 
rmt, in tW facA <jf tbu gundaJiucHo of t>« Fl^X, 
jinid Ukc rcfininw^ ftrxillcry of Kmc. Fibruto, nr 
ntbnr Mki:hiivoZ]i, proq^m to ri>i«UQe tha two qr» 
k«n», to Bnu tliT for^iDUft liDCh wilb the ptiu; fur l)i« 
|iurpa*o Cif rcpuking c«v^rv, an<l ljt<«ft in the nau 
wuik tifv ivoni, •• bdug Ik mtupvo UtU«tf itil^tad IdT 
every oUi«r iiitrj:<c«. Tbou^JunU tbc wark. iJ)« Mstbor 
rjiprvftaiA ih<r liighen idmirAlMn of tbo nulilAij Kimoa 
uf tlve ftaeaViU Roni^fu, «iid tbe gieit^rat coDi^mpt (tm 
the mftiimA wliich \uki bocn in voguf ataoiigiii iho 
lulkii oomiia^^nri of tbv (irec«4in£ gennnUioa. 11« 
lin'Irn infiuitrj to conlrv, kchI futtiliol c«m|i» to 
furtdioJ lowm. Ilu U vicIIlj^U %o kutnlituU: mpd 
iiMvctaeiUii aikJ (Imci^vu cn^f^joeiit* r>^ tW laii^'ujil 
aiid imalory f^nuiond of hift rMintfTiiun. Ha at* 
Uf IwK verj little inpOTtaiwv to ilie inr{«itu>n of pn- 
powikr. Iixky^ hn u?om« to tlllnk tkat h <^u|^l 
•CBTTf^ to prodaoe aaj cWijlv tn Uic mcde oi ana" 
iiig or of i$ifooan|< troop*. TIhi gi^iKnl iMtiH ion jF 
at haiorvuiHit nu>t W alb«wl, mvibi 4o prov* tkat 
Oic kf1-coiu4rue1od sad ilI-«crT*il uiillar; of ihoia tiawai 
il>j^u-K u*«fiil in a ti«^ «ai of litUf tbIm oa tin 
fivM of battle* 

Of tbo liu-lKi of MftcliavaOi ire.will aot vi-ntarti to 
giT« an ofiUHin; but vTif «rv c«n«n tji«l hn bool: ii 
Bkoki atile an<l in1tfi*«do^- A« a cumiiKntnij on tba 
^lOocy of b» cimci, it h kir^uabl^. llic mgcnnitj, 
lb* paLv, uad iho (-.'r^^kicuitj' uf Qm tljlv. aoJ iba 



■UOUtAVKLLL 



t^H 



gir« jioajTure urta to rcadcn vho bk^ no bitcrwt 

Tic Prinre auJ tlio Dbcoimvi *yi Liry were wril- 
ten After tktr ftJl of ihc Ecf uhLicftR Ocivcmtnt^ni. Th« 
Avrrntfr w«^ ilciliofliod la llic Youti^ Li>rcnjio du' ^fi?il}fL 
ThU circftnuUnce aivnu lo bavo <l[»guatcd tlifl con- 
CCTDjKTHrid of the vntcr fax morr- than the rloctrinc^ 
»h«cli l»vv n;uJ«rwJ ihi^ iij*jiiv of tlio wur^ Htluiii 
in Ifttcr 11109- It WH coii»i(kErv<t a* ui tndicatiou 
of iiolitii-nl *p'iitA»^. Tbtt ftci lowcvo-r »ovi]ii to liavo 
b«<;n thj^i Mii'liuvuUi, dwpalring of tba liberty of 
FloTtno^ was incHncd to «upiKrrt any cuT«tfi»nail 
wHirlfc might pfnacrrTc hfrr imlrprndcncc^ Thr. iaiOTral 
wkich vcpciT^t^ Ik driSL>cnirj' and ■ d«!^joti»ni, Sod«nai 
aod Lf>r«iii]r>, ivcmfd to raniili wUvn ^omparrd witli 
ll)« difimncc tx^tweon the Ainncr And ihi^ prtf^-Hnt Matt 
of ItaJy, bvlwm lh« s^mitUy, Uii; o|iuJ<;tk><, bjiiI Uuf 
tvpt^w which •!» bail ciijojv^t luxdcr iu imtire ml«<n» 
>a»d Hi* BtMjry hi wbich Jib< I^ l>«vn plun^rotl flii-ioo 
tb« &tul j^uir In wbkJj th« iint fori^i^ tyrant Imd 
dcvccodcJ iVom lh« A}|>«. Tbv nohio and jiatlictic 
eiitortation with wbif*h n»c Prince ct7«iclr)de« thorn 
bow Mroiif(1y th« wni-r f<?lt ujion this iubj«ct, 

Tbfi PHj^cw Innn llip prn^rpiB of an ambiti^UB 
mak, tlja D0ti>ur»v4 ihir |iiogri-ai of an aiiibltioui 
pvopki. Tlw *iunv pruiciplm ur wblt'li, iu tb« for- 
»«r WQcki ibe c1oTAii<in of m individiuT U uxpluinf^d* 
are Bpp&vd in ih« EMIvr, to ih^ Iong«r durativQ and 
BaafD eomjikx inureat of a eoclecy. To • modoni 
i^Tvnia* ibc fonn of ibr T>bcoarK4 may appear ut 
lie potfrile. In troth livy » [>ol an htfilotm oo 
wImmb iraplidi reliance can he pkccd, «ven fe caww 
vban Im iiniaL Wv« i^nuMMvV rnftodcraUfi innana o^ 



ifc 



uo 



HACUUTeUJ. 



^\M 



iitfomutiua. And ih^ Gnl D«r«de, tr> vlilrh Ua^'I 
virlli hv confincil hiiOKir, it icarcoljr niihWf ir> notv 
nvcUt UuQ oar Chrouclv of Bnutli Kiii^ vbu rei^ixd 
bdbro the Ronui bradoii. But Uu? ciKiisionutor U 
imUbtc^ to Livjr (or Htilc nion tluLn a fi?w tcxia wtudi 
h<^ mJgiii a* fiwlljr h>vo «TtnictM from thi' Vtil^nfc of 
Uii- Docnm^ron, Thrr vliolf tram of tliuii^ht li ori^f&aL 
On tlkC ^fooilkr iramr^riiJity which fta« reniknd 

djicenublv tn tliv IHfcgiirwai, ««■ luii-v «livul; ^ven 
our opinLon ui lengths W« 1kav<r «lt«(Qpi«(I tr> xhod 
that it bi'luitj*rJ ralU«7 Ui ibo %^ lliun l>i tbv tnaA 
UaI it wu a putial taict, uid % no nwflm implli-d 
gmxxnA dcpnTii^* U> tinnnt hotrcir^ dmy ihli it 
t* % pmt blcDDiali, an<l that It consiiWabTy (!imuiuli«a 
ih^ pifluurt which, in other rr^p^clM, thoiv worki inuf-1 

ll it, iiidord, uniioAMLIo tu conmvo a mora boAlthfo] 
■nd vigoroiw coottitatLijii of iJie undfniiaiiiliug ilun 
Jmi irlucb thwe woriu iDdicatc. The quoKtlei of titt 
«oiivc and tbc coritcmplMiro lAsXcrmn tppnr to hsTl 
\itvn blended m itw mlEid of thi^ ^nitt into a rm ai^l 
C3cqnbii« liarmotij, Hu ikitl in ilw dcUilf ■/ bo«inoM 
tmd i»ol tv^rt Of i|u'md ti tfji> ei|>enM« uf Hu gauraJ 
\Himitn. U tiad Erot nrii-Juivd bb mind kw o3<n|'rifll 
livntfirc ; Uit U lud M7v«d to corrvcl Kii speculolkiivr 
and to iiii|«rt go them that rltid and practical cbsnio- 
mr whkfa M widely dUtjntnwh^t} ihtm fruia ibe T«cd 
thconca of mcut poDikal philo!K>pbfinu ^ 

fircty Rui who has *Mti iho world kiii>wt tlt^i 
nothang la » (vdex m ■ gcncnd iwLKim- If il he 
hiff moiral and Twy tra*. it n»j wrro for a copy to 
I chuitj bcrjr. U; Qm thoK of Bmdw&xmilt, U U 
ipukling tad whinuk«U it nvy tmkv an ocrlbnl 



I 



MAcniAVnjx 



»1 



nuktto ibr mn mujr. But few in^Mid of ike mauiy ni 
ipofikUugm Bliidj Ittvo bvMk utwr«ii» from Um tioM 
vf tlM 3«T«u S«2«a of Qt>s<dW U> iWt oT Pikut RkIahIi 
bm ptwonicU ft liiigJit rodUb ActSoo. W« ^^u did 
Ugbwi uid the mo«l poculJar pniw w di« pi\vej;iii 
of MdcUarcJli wJien w« ifty Eh4t tl>«j mav frvqticntJj 
ho of fmI iub in r«^Blfltifig ctjivlurl, not ki much 
IffOauMi ihvy ste more jiut ut motv pirofbiuicl eJiui 
tlnai vhicb Aigbt b« culled tixuii other authon- 
biome tlwjr oui Im uwrti rvuiiJ/ iLj^jjlivti lo tlw ];rv1 
Iho* of haI lifv> 

Tbcro an omon in ihoiD woHta. Bui ili^y ikV9 
«mir» wHcb « watery a&iuaud like I^EudujkTvlli, i^uulil 
•ckrcdf DToad. Tlie; uiict fbr iFie iu«t put, Brom a 
an|^ dvhci which Appran to n« to per raJo liU vhol 
«)r>t«iii- In Iiii i^itical tvlmiii-, tlio lucaiii tuvl 
von docpljr coitoidnvd dian Uk« nn^ TJiv gi 
priad^«. tkal aocitfliM and luwi> viibt oulj- fur 
p ifp dW of i&crvflting diu tutu of i^rivutc luipiruKss, 
not rwognuod witli to^iont doameM. Th« good of 
the bodj, Uidtinct frtwi ihi.- good of tluk moab^TA, iuid 
•oncdtum budlj r<jiu|>ttulJ4r wiUi thn fCatxl of il 
ttcmbarii Mf<iuB lo U* tin; objocl vbicli liv jirvjiUAHA lo 
UiB«Blf. Of bU politkul BiibciiA, tlim iuu |jia^p« bnd 
lb* wid««t ftiid U)u Euutit iu<.'bUitoup o^r^uu- T1v« 
■tote of ttociMy in tbo Itlilit coauuc^iirMlUu of Oi 
ihu tluK Mnjiccdon aud mmuftl depoiuloncie of 
dtiMfu, tad tbo AVvoHty of Uve Uvr» of war. tcikdi^l lo 
CDcoungc n& pftusQu wkicli, uiidur cu^^b circuital 
cunid luinUj b» c^L-d <iTr<jmo«u. TIi« hocTMU 
tvary iiHJitidtud were 'm*v\mrMj bound up Kith tlioM 
sf tW §XMto. Aji tuiuion <iv«ui>yFd bi» covn^Mda 
ud Tiofljwbt drovf bun &d« bii lKint«i and ocok- 
Mdled hiia to encountfr all tbu boideJiipt of a miltlaff 



M 



u«niiAvrijj. 



■nd 

1 



lifr. A irraty of p«ftra mtU^nd him tet antmtf and 
tooifart. A vidorjr doubkd the numW ot lu« dkroK 
ddcttt pcshapi iiuk1» hicn « «Ibi« bimMif. W 
IB tb* FdoponnetL&n vrart loU Um AlboiiMu 
'lilt, if Ui«4r countr^^ IriumplaHl, divtr prirato ItMm 
woM «|iccdilj be rqialral, hai Uuu, if dicir arm 
IM of ftUM«cMi, vv«ry indfrldval &inoii^ ibfcn woald 
ibljr be imopd^ he ffK*k« vta mora dum tlie trutk. 
tpoka to ui^n ^ht^m ih^ irihut* of TBiu^uubtfd 
c*Um scqifjivil witb foud ftiul dudiin^ wrth Uie Joxmy 
LOf iLc bhih luid t^ uiiuwmonli of iko tlNatnt* on 
Atom ll>e gmiJi«na of tli«ir counlir eanftfrtd tank, 
id before whom Uie merabon fif iem proajwrom 0001- 
|piani<Ma tr«iAbM ; t> tncs who, in c«w of a cbui^i in 
lie patilir ferhmot, vroulfU at loatt, b« deprlwd of 
vrerj cwnfbrt and vr*rf dUtutftjon whkh tk«nr rt>- 
}j«d- To bo bttlolMMd ifti ih« tnnokif^ nima of 
leir citjt to bo dng|[rd ia ok&in* to a •law^nailBat, 
to «oo OHO oluld loTtt from them to dig in llw cjoaniaa 
of 6kil>% and «notli«r to guard tlu* Irnvmi of Pur- 
•epolia, tkeae w«ra tko ft«i|iical and prokiblo oaa!i»' 
quMicca of rtaiioiwl cJitaimtiv. Honnu, amon^ iIm 
ftnw4i», pithotiuD becanw a pyrtntof^ pri^dpU, or 
raliicr an nnfl^vemablff puinn, Ttwir l«|i;iiktof« and 
IkMT (thsloaoplnni look Jt Ibr granUK) tkal, iu provvdiaf 
tip l1i« «tnnigtk and graaUiuaof Uio ■»>«< ibvy m& 
rivntl^ pmvidod Ar iko ka|kpnM« «f tk« poo[do. Tbo 
irni«n of ih« Rmnan «mplr« Uvad vndor diqioti* kua 
wlwao diminioci a kondnsd nattona wtm mcJCod don, 
itkd wliow gardoiK* uronkl have oovprod iko littJo com- 
oionwoUtlM of I'tiliuA and FkrtAa. Voe Xhay cdd- 
tLnuod 10 nAfiJc;r tba umo Unf^ottfce, and lo ««ii 
■bom iko dutjr uf Mcrtftnng aver^ Uuqg t> a aoontr^ 
lo ir]i*eli iboj Dwod ngtkuigi 



d 



XAcnuwn: 



BU 



C^iua u«)3Ar to dioi« trbk^i hbd ii9f!iioiic«d tit* dh- 
pontion of th« O rwti t^ratifil powt^rullr on tiro lui 
rig^rons iod tlui&g dianDrt«r of tho lutimiL The 
luIUiM, tike the Gitxrkis veto monibcnt <f im«]l c^ofr- 
tanniiMi. Bvcry oinn wm dnftl^ interartod iii tIi» 
it^6iit of ll^ aDdtfij ti> wbkb h« heliwqced, « f«rtnkcT 
in its wfnltli ami ill po>itfi^. In lU ^^'ry and JU thaiM. 
In ibe i(;4 uf M»chkv«lli lliii mu pvcutiul^ ilits <««■ 
Publk? «rfni(« luid prudw?od an ijamctmi autn <if nrnnr^ 
Co piivai^citinau- Tb« N{>rth«m invaLt^ern tiud bn>uj^t 
wut to iJidr boonbi iii6Luiv to thuir bctU, tire lo ihcjr 
m6i ukI ibo knifb to iluar thronUL Jt wni naiiinl 
ilml !i iTiAii iriio livorl ill tiniM llk« ibroe sttoiiU ortf- 
nto the hnpcntanotr of ihoK roeftflire* by vhich ■ 
■ition v Tcodcred EbmiidabU to iu ningywur^ aiwj 
aailan^tio Umjm wkicb uak« it proi|iiiKm witldv 
itelf. ' 

NoiluDg K mora nniurkAbta in ilie po]iti<.'&] ift«ii«ea 
of MAdiuvctLi ihui [lie £unitM of mind which tlicy 
Uk«uw It •ppcfin where tliiT autiinr b In tho wrvni^ 
ftJnMt u MtTM^ty M ntflww ho ifl tn tlie nnht H^ 
Mrrer BdvaDM* * fftlae optniom bockiiM it i* iww itf 
•pl«iiiid, b«mii« lii^ dm clotkt' tC ifi h ha^\*y (ilir^vf^ op 
duftod it by an ioi^tiiiNu wpkMm. Hi* «rron nv At 
Qno» osqkl^ncd hj « rvfErt«nc9 lo Uio drcnmiaMn fai 
vbick li^ww pfaood. Thcj vfidentty w^n; iMiwoiqEbl 
out ; iLey Uj in U* irAj*, uid ponU a^rt^y h* nr<ii^«di. 
finrb laUtftkn tautt nnrrawrilY bfr <ian>iniit«d by bftd^ 
iperiJfttort id n«rj »drfi<«. 

In tiiii rasport it ii juiutfing to cocnpdm Th^ Prini^ 
and tbu DtiCiMifK'4 witli thi- Spirit of Lavtt. Mutitu^ 
fuint tajoyv, pvrliapa. « widvr cclcbrhy tbai) tnv polil* 
nU wnicf of nodom Katvpo;. Sooiotbinf^ nc tkubt- 
tejWca Mkii mctfiv lot mmh tmttr^ to kiU fbrtiui» 



lUCnuTILU. 



bad tb« good lock dTa Vtlflftfine HscMitht llv 
of til* Fnmh iittljiMi» at iIm tumm^ni 

frvm Uie kfi|; dfa^ of polSlkd and nligiHi* 
; Bfld, m coa*ei|ttc>wv, hu Ucmhv • bTooriuk 
The Eiq£&sk« ■! lliAi dne. fioii&dcnd m rmirliimw ^ 
who lalkql aticim comtitaijDtml cfaeckj iad ftudiwwtel ■ 
Lwaua prodigj noi 1cm vuinulni^ th«i iht htanoAm 
«f di« ttmiinl iriTvit. Spttioui bol vhftlbw, •Udt- V 
Qw of vffiKrt, indificrvnt to tniUk, cvfcr to UuU a »t^ 
Im, tiut TwalfW of oolbcling llitoc nulariab cnit uF 
vhkfa bloBe a Munil and dnniUr tjtlrm cwi b« buiil, 
tbu livi^Ijr I^rwiti^t coiutTMted tbearioR m r«pHllr uxl 
■i ili|EbUy «< eard-tMnWH. wi «oonir pc^ocud ihan 
cMBphted, Ao ■Mmcr «iiiipl«t«d iImh blMrii a^vy. fto 
momcr blown away than fergoRcn. MachkrcQi ttn 
adij became hi« «9q«ri«Bn^ aoqulnd ia a v<if7 p«cii1kr 
•Ute gf wodj, to^ not alvaji ttiatil<? blna t6 caloi»> 
lal« Um «ato of iMtitoiiaoi difttfic^ fnwi Ibow cf 
;*likb be bad oiBerv«d tbe ofMratioii. Mootcaqtiktt 
bfouve be ha« a Aaq ibiug to a^, and i« raolvod 
[lo my ft. If ilia pbasnoiMoa whkJi D« brfm bin wBI 
inf MBit bin parpotfc, all history MVt be rmiiaad;«d. If 
lotUo^ eiUUilikorl bj anlhisilir traivnony can b«^ 
e< cbipfied lo euit bit PromatpcaQ lij] 
itfi with vwio Bcjoitniitu Shim aboni Siam, 
iiUun, or Ja^n, tuid hj wfiiers compared witb wbcan 
lian and GuIUver were Teaciou*, tian by a donbla 
•igfiU wa 'nmllcci and a« ^oiiiiia. 

Pnprioiy of iboMgbt, and propriety of ilietujo. are 

ily ^mnd lofsaibnr. (ibkniriiy and nfErcuikia 

[»i« tha iwo fiaiMat Uaitt of ityk>. OUcurily of ax 

ganeraUy Bprinci from conftuaon uf idea* ; ao4 

wiab lo dank at any c<>it whkb |iredui;«i 

im tint laajuMT of a wriuir, ia likoly to 



y*«ra^ 



luaiuru^Li 



ai£ 



Aatm tc^mtrv in hi» tviu>>Tuiigi. TIm ju4icii»£ uao 
nDrfc4 iniiid ut' KliicJiur^'lli aWwA itadf in hiA lamlrt. 
«a>, irtAQlj^AJid palUlinl labj^VjEP. 'Hie ii;)c fJ Moo 

liTitlj ftnd jugvcuutiCt but lui uhbhiuj^U nuiil< £vc:> 
nick of isxpnefcuoi^ frotn iht; niyKLanoun co[id««ncc« of 
M onrle to die 0ft|>;«nc7 of & pATifii&& coKx^mb. k 
«in|tkiiyed I0 ilisguuu the £Jlacjr of «amc pctfitiotii, ftn4 
llkA tnccnniK of oUicnc Abmirifitir* mtt brightfnc4 
tntii *tf;pij[niiu ; tnu»iB4 mn^ dark^nwl into eniguuB. 
U u witli iUl&cultjr tlut tlit^ Atrcmjcvat eye con cu^ 
Uin lb* kIiu* ^>^ wtiich >uruo |jaju &r« illuivi* 
oMcd, or pewUuus tlit »Laii(< iii wlilcli vtiUvn ara 

Tba pulitioal w^tks of MAcLIftTtkUi derii'e k poci 
bilctuM firuin dw muuroful Mcncetnow wluch be 
UvUa w\wttcTtt bo to«irli<« on io\ncA CiannoKUd wUJi 
dw c^iUmlun «f fiii iiative Uitd- It !« JtfficMlt to 
oarv ftiif utOBtiuai mon; piuiiul llum that of 4 
Wttu, ciottilflnun«d u> ytttJxU dit' Un^'tini; agony of an 
miiMtuiVii oomitry, to i«cd it dunoi; dw slittniHte fin 
«f Mnpc&clian mkI nnng whkli fffucvdu U* ^uuduliuui 
«ikd to fic« lb» cjDip4>wu> of titAlUy dttapf»«ar ono by 
Mu^ till Bodmig ti left but colibnitfi, darkitttH, ftrid 
com^itian. To ikin jojlnu aiuI thnnklrsvi cbity wm 
UaciuAvvUi omod. la ibe cii«r^tic Uuj^iai^ tif did 
inpiitft, be ^cu ** mud f^^r tlw u^t of jus cv<n wlucb 
be WW,** (liiitmuB » diA council^ cflcmiuacy iu Urn 
cvap, libcvtj extuigUMb«d, ojouuercv dvcttymgft li*^ 
iiiMuI bonoiif niUiodf aa cnliehtciKii ukI Eou/uluEur 
iieojitf j;(vvn over ti> tho l^ivoity of ignonat MVtgn, 
TboogU lui opiniucu L*d no^ wi^apcd die coottgioa of 
dial {Kklitii'^I iiunKirnlilj' mhiich vax comraaa mmiu^ )ui 
onuitr^xu(fiAi bii uNtuml du|Kj«iuoa M«m& lo hat'o been 



nuiH 



g™a^ 



bH 



HACIUATIXLI 



4 



Km 



k 



tidier sum ftikd kopotuo^n* thMi plant tnj aTifiil 
Wb#En Ihn tniMvj and «Uf:ruhtion of Klon-nra and 
tliv r»ol OTiti^i^ whirii ba hflfl hiniMilf niiii^vkcd ncmt 
lu tm tnind Uie wnootb rr^ nf hM i-rolnninn and 
tuU^n it cMliMagod fur Um» bonvt tuttcmon «f •cor«^ 
ftiiJ uigtrr* H9 9fmk^ Iiko on« vick of ibv alumiiouii 
tinm uhI fetjeel pvoj^lo ntnong irhom his lot it cast. 
He piiX4 fiar the strength and giovj of uidoni Rone, 
for th« &AMO of Bnicu4 «nH tho swfird of Sd^ tlit 
gmvity ot' tbo evrale rJuir. tofl tht- btnodjr \wap of 
tiia triumphal iciicritico. Hr terioi io \tt trafi*fkOrt«d 
biCk Io Ui« <lav» vrben ^ight han<lr«il tliottiand lial- 
lu wurnon sprung lu amu at the nuBor of a Gallic 
loTatkin. Ilo brWJk«« aU tlie ifaril of tbow nitrepU 
tnd hAU|;btj aenaton who Tor^ the dearest tie* of 
natnji! m the daku of pubtie duty, who looked wJUt j 
dttdain on tk^ d^hftnni and on tite gold of P^rrHvatfl 
■nd fetfUed «ith vnaheffvil «viiipasiiT>B to th^ »«> 
nMBdou tidng* cf Canrun. Likn an aitcvnt ton* 
|>le tleCbnniNl by Uio bar^AnMit arfhit«rtuiv of a lator 
■go, Ini cbaswHcf aoqoirca an iotvivit frvan iho Ttty 
dniTilifinrin which defaaae tt. The oriftjlaal pro* 
^l^tlinw %n n>ndored more auUdni; bj the conOMi 
«Uck thf/ prcaont to Oie mcmn and incoTtfprooot 

TIiB infloeiioc of the timtiitiebla m\Mi w here 
•cdbed ma not apparent in hia vritln^ a)one> Hie 
«ttlhnuaBiB. bimd from iJie career which it woti!d bav* 
Miectftd fbr itaoK aMm to liftv<e Ibond a rtnl ^i deip» 
rafa levirj. He «n}o/ed ■ ^ndfctire plecuxtrv in eo^ 
ngmg the e|nnion* of a eoctety which h« dfl«fiiapd* 
B« becMM cvdoa of the diKwntki whidn were 
txperted firrm a maa ao fai^j diitbigiiiihed in the 
Jtttvwty and poUticai world. The tamtaidc fail 






1 



lUcnATBUt 



S11 



woM hidinod to occoso lii< Ucontiowimi than llii^ 
own dcicoiMOTAcyt aad wlio verv uT)alfl<< tu voni^t-irt 
iliA strtnglli of tboio ciBottoiu vrbich ftrc coof^eftkd 
bj dw j«tt of th« wrewhod, And b/ Hit follies of Um 

The liutloricfll works of Mjtchi«TrI]i leiilt mnwn to 
b» CMwid«r«d- Thv lif# of CtistruccLO Cavtm^aiil ■ ill 
uc«apy QB tbr « vvr^ >hurt £mi«, nnd would snwrrol^ 
hav« ibwoaocM our Wftko^ had ic tWE atCr9ie:od j mncfa 

GE«r dhut! of puUic &tti^tioQ tlivi H ddionys, F«« 
1, indeod, ciiM tw more intcruting thim a r^rvl^l 
Hid JDdI«ion account, from nirh n p«m, of the Qlnuri< 
«iwi Prints ofFjtu^ca^ lh« moil rmtnctit cf thcoe tuSnit 
c-hM, who Kk« HiUustiui And (SvIar, ai.-i|iiirvd 4 
poiw«r f«U ntber tliaa ttet^ii, >nd rt^cm;:* ti*A oq luur or 
on pn»mp^iu Ixrt on the pcibJic &Tcrur v;^ on ihvir 
gnat pcrMinal i^ttAlhks. Snob ■ work would exbibtt 
10 at tbo tcaI imtim of th^t tp«d«t of sovorcj^ty, m 
dngd^r wd 90 oAm mbuvdcmood, wtiJ<^ ibo Gmki 
deiviniinBiod tynnttf, ftnd wliifli, modtfiod In aoriM 
fcgno b_T ilio f*uiUl «T*loo?, tv^ppvurtHl in tbo com- 
tDvnwt*«hfii of Lumboinfy and Tuw^kii^, Bot %hm- 
liittfl onmpoiilkiii of ModuAvi,»lli b in no sonao n Uo- 
lory. It l>tf no pmomiont to fldoJity. It w « triflo^- 
■nd not ftv«fy ii>0M«fiil tHflo. It h oarcolj- mort 
■QthfiitSr tlua tho nortl i^ Bolpfaogiir, and I* mj 
utirh dtdlcr. 

ITi* ImI (CPb»* work «f llii* illiftrtriona mih vru tho 
bkl'v;r x4 bJ9t nalivo cltY. It waa vriltirti by i'f>-nn>AD(l 
gf ihv i*optf, tvbot B oluof of tbo Jiovun* uf Mvdici, 
9«i >t tbat dnn} HiT««ign of Flortnov. Tbu vhvrv^ 
tors of OofCD'.s of rioro, «nd ot Lor«nco, ttv, liowowf* 
^ftied «itb s frvfidam and fmponkllly eqiiill^ boii 



sun 



lUCUUTKUX 



Mirftbk lo Oio wriier uci to iLo pM«n. Tlio mWim' 
lift bmralktioni cf depcfMlencek die hrcmd wKifli ii 

^wnt'Po billatf than ov#rjr otlior Ibcil, cho 4Uir« whirh arf 
tt^trv iiMiiifuJ Uiaa orery caIht nsci-dI, bwt nut broLt^ 
Iht >ftint of UBcbki-dti. Tba mgil camqKUig poal 
ill « comipiitig jirofuvm liad sot ilcfiniT«d Cut gwi 
Hcvt ofCknimt. 
Tl>e IIiMtcny dooi mat ifpcftr to be tbo fttih nf nucb 
fwluMry fv rufwck. It l» nnqiMBlioaftUy xiMirmnte. 
But it i& rlt^nint. hvelr, vid pJctnrcMqM^ faejo»d siij 
Dtbrr in i^ IuIiaq lAn^ugfi. 'flia nwln-, w« b«b«n^ 
fiirriM «wii5- frucA it a more Tiviii um| ■ »«« idtfa 

|Wi|uc««on of tlio oaUov*! dwnetcf and tnukam tliu 
'Jh» mors coitvet Bocoanta. TUo troiH », Uwl tbv 
bMk bd<nit^ nUur to «i»dui»i tinn to mudtra lit«f»> 
luiv. It i« in the tiy\c^ not of Davila und Olttnndoa. 
but of Horodotiu and Tadlw. Tti^ < lAtfkal Idatoriia 
mmy wAmtmt he oalM niauiMm InuHkHl pi &tt. Tbo 
rvhlion ti, no doobt, lo all ibi principfti poinU, vtridly 
trtitf* Ikit tl*v Dumvroua tittW joGid«Qt» wIMi ha^Uvn 
Una uiUirott* thv wonb, tbo icMturvi, tbt looki> aiv uTi* 
limtjy AirnUh«d by tb« iiB^nMioo of Um aiMiior. 
The &jkiofi of kicr tfanea k dtflbratf. A oioro exMl 
Oftn«tivn i< fpttti hf tW wriut^ It oiajr bo ikubccd 
whetJiaf mor^ esMCt ikoliuiM an rottvtycd to th« 
ruadcr, Tbe heu pottraila uv perhafa thvae iu wbkli 
Ibm M a •light nulun df cwkniiutt aad «i- arr nt 
(UtrtaiD, tial the b«M liMbunwa arv not thuM la wlu^' 
t Jink of Uw ttxa^jgoraJkiD of fictitk>iJ« namtive 
jiadtckiuaJj' «m|il«nHNL SoDatluii^ h Joti ia accm^ i 
b«t much u K*^>>od in eflbot. Th« Untar Unas ar« 
iwglocicdi but tbo get^t diindarittic faatiaraa an 
loprifitod <fn tlko ound for erw* 
Tbt UuMicy t«nnuMt« with tba Atath of 






■M 

i 



:■ 



VJbdUAVBIXI 



311 



df' l£w£cu Marluatidji had, it >«*bi«, btouiei) lo 
OMUkiQc ha lumdre to i ktcr pw-iod, Uai bu dealli 
pntvaikliid lb« uocutSon of iij» dwi^i ; «u<i ibe moluk- 
dtoly :wk of r«oordU)g tli« <I«oIfttJO& uid aboaie «f 
IlaJjr ilcvotvod on Gulcciftr<liiu. 

Bl*c^ ]«n ILj liTt:d long enough ti> eoo lliQ conaiDonct- 
I0«nl of tli^ lut fitnif^li? ftT FioiytitiiiiT tibirily* SonB 
tftcsr bdi dath mocurcby w»i (injillj c*ljiblUlicd, not 
Micfa a noitauchjr •« thjit of <vhicU Ct;4mo Jiad kid ihe 
futti>dutjciiui dvttp ill llw jiuiitutiuuif «iid iWIiii)^^ cf 
LU coufttrviiEvn, lEid wliictt Ijorvnio biul GinbvUJfJt^ 
wi4h l1u< iTvpliW* of wt'trr^ ttcloiicv untl «v«i7* «rt ; but 
ft loathttcoiu: t^rannjr, proud tnd mcdn, cmcl uid fbe- 
bl«, l»g»it<d «iicl liUL-moo;^ The churarrfrr of MochU- 
ireUi WAS lut«ltL] to the mw maeim of Ttalj; ud 
lbo«e paru of h>* tboarj wbl:h nn- in tirict arcord- 
tfica AJtli tlwir uwii dvly jinK^Uci* ^iHvidvd a prvWii 
fur blackvnbiic bi* mtanur^. His worki vrcrv niitn^^ 
ftacDted bv tlio Icanicdf iiti»coii«tmixl by tLc i^onuit, 
CDOiUfvd hj tliv cLurcli, ubuwd u tih ii!i tkv rancour of 
umuIoU-Hl virtQC, hj tJio book of u bfuo ^^'crnmunl, 
Bad the pricKi»of aboMirnapf^t^iiiion. The namcoflbo 
mu vboM f[«niuit hud itUiminar<^il al\ Oiodaric placn 
uf (HilSqr, tatd to whoso |mtriotiir wbdom ui o^kpraatd 
p«0|>l« had owtij tJMtr laal diAiice >if vQiinoiptiiioii atid 
n?vci>|ps pwwd Uitv a prowrh of iii&uij. Fur mora 
than tvro hundred y<Mn hj> bono hiy undiaUnguUlKHL 
At Imgtbt an Eq^iifa nobloman |>aid ihi^ k^t bonoun 
10 tbe groatwt vlalcauian of Flormcu. Id tbv church 
uf SoaU Crocc ■ monuir^mt «ai rrccrtod to hu mciH' 
oty, which b c<m<c&)]>lAtoil nith Tovi^reDce h)r all who 
nn dutingaiah tbp ytrtim of a jcreat mind thronKh the 
wmifitioiii of a degcncrale a^, and whii^h vill b« «p 
pnK^td mtb ttiU de«|>«r bouiafo wbvQ th« otyvtt tc 



^20 



nAcmAVD,u. 



irtticti bii pubdic life vrw doi^vJ ilbll h» attauMH^ 
fr)ti*n tlw forvi^ jok« »b«If b« Lrolwi, wii«n ■ looQcitf 
PrcK!ida »KaU tvcoge the wTunfB <if Kaplv, wbon a 
hufi|)kr Hlfnti iIhlII rmton the good tntiOo of Rdvcii 
wK(;n ihtf Ktrtvu <rr Plorenc* and BokigBs thth agdv 
rMound with thor uicMftt vmi^cr^, Pi^af» / fV^ 



JOIOf DBYIlKIt.' 

Thk pitMic- vokv W itt9if;n«d to DrydcB Uw llnl' 
pkce in One x^c<]n(l nmk t>f our poolii, — ad tnMM 
•Olioii in B tabl« <d' iuUti«ciua1 |)n<c«Jeivcy lo ricb in 
lUonrtoiM nuiia< It la ollo-n^d th«^ ctcd of tho b« 
wlio wfn hit anpcrion in gmui% none \ms viordwd « 
nAra MCtcoidro or pcrmjuicnt intli:?«nc4 on tkpe milonaJ 
iNilnl* of iboujihi u>J «x|irauion- llii lifo ««« coiu- 
nwunnu wiih t]i« period during whick & gn«t iwo- 
Jiiti««i In Uw [unblio UE»t« wu arflMtod; uid in that 
rvrolntion he phy«d tbe |mn of Cr^imwaU. Bj^ un- 
Mmpnltpody taking tb« l«ad ia lu wildrnt 9xc««aw, ho 
vbtnmwl Uie ftbMlvt« gniduunj of it. Bj tnunpling^ 
OS laws, lie «oquir«l the uidtorit^ cf a Iv^Utor. B^ 
signdiaing hioiiictf m tlio moit d&rin^ vmI imvenMit of 
r«b«lfl, be niMil hinvH4f to th^ dij^^itj of t r«ro|cnI*r*l 
|innee* He cMrtoicnced hi* farr^o' \>j the moni franltc 
duCng<i, il« laminated k in ilie t^^am ^vtfuUUt>i<d 
•orvrvjipty, <— tfae wttlior uf ■ new rode, tliv root ^ 

Of Ury^kvi, liowtfvitr, u tif alaiott every moo wbn 
b« Imm d»tJD|Ctikhed cil}ier in tho litcirmiy or <in the 
poUiia] world, it vaj bo cftid tlutt ttio covino vbkh b« 




SSfl JOHX DBlDKTt. 



nd-afl 



fnimu^* Ajiit tht elftct which he prodocpd, ikpmd 
\a* oti hi* pemonn) f^iialitio* than on thr rir^ninitancw 
in which hf> w |>W'!d- Thofi« vehn Inve riftd hmUtry 
with vJiscriiAiaKtiDD know rJic faUxT* of tboae p«jir* 
gyiH* tuid iDTTclivtJt wliich rvpiTSont iBclividaib «• 

vi^riiii^ alAbUshoi tpttmSt AJul iraprintsig ■ IM 
rhoTWTtcr on llidr tgt*. Tike diffi^rcnrv l^rivntn mm 
niui juid AiMtli«r M by no mruia »> fircftt u the iiip^tv 
Aitiafu crowd atippfiua. Bat ih« tatnc frrlin^ vtuch 
in «nctiat Rd*n« iirofJaocd iht* ikpniWi«i» 0/ « pnpnkf 
vapt m rt «>d ia niodam Aome Die casuniiaiion <if % 
devout ptvlBJiUt Ipvd lucn to dioriili vi illiuiwi vhich 
bmbhtn thorn wilJi M«*Uiing Bo tt'!<^i«. tij a Jaw of 
ftAockuan, irMa the epantkn <^ which orcn mioda 
dM MHMt ctrictlj regtiktoi hy rc*»an a/o not wbol^jr 
«xftiBpl, attwry dbpoaw v to hAirtd, and htt])pan«n to 
lovo, allhoGiji^ thm irajf be iw p«aoii to whott oar 
misery or our happionu c^n )io MnriM. Tb» p«w** 
i«hmMi of Ml invalid vmU itself rnfn om thoso wbo 
«ll«Vialo htt pun. The ^ood [kubout of a mut «Ula(l 
hv waeiw t4l«n dinpk^t tUMJ^ to^THrdi •a«nl«k hi 
th« MOW BkaoiMr, th« ^mp uf pltwura ud wlmln- 
tiofi. (o which tk« conUBiftBtion o£ peal fvoiM ^vm 
hrrlh, make oa ohjocl whcrv Ui^ do tint find U- ThoAi 
uAlioa* dMCind 10 the ahuinlitiM of Ei^loii idokuji 
ftikd won^ip itoeln uid rCfililfa^S^dwvtnlb uwl 
WiUevm. Tb«jp «ri(o fftTI jirtMUHU* Marv & dvtty la 
which t\tty Lbvo Ujvmh-Iira ifivvn the fcirvi whkb 
cammaodi thi-ir vvncTtttion, uii wU>cb, ma\om Mt* 
\m/t4 by thma^ woidd h^vi rwmia«d 4 ihsphw UuoL 
Th«jr pwvowle tlMmMhv thai ibey «ra tba cm H f 
of what ihcjr Imtv tlictnifllvM rrr«tnd. For, m ftc^ 
t i» lh« a^ th*t fornu thr mui, not Uw Huui Uwf 



M 



JOltX DltVDKV- 



«» 



farcn« tbo ngv. Ottai nundji do ind4«il fa-&u t f^n tht 
M<4ety which ha« mwlc cbum vrlint i\wy w ; but thc^j 
only p4j wit^ iiitvrwt wbu tlicv Luvi; rvcoivcd. We 
rxtol Baron a^.A -4no<T at Aqitinvi. But, jf th«4r Ntiu* 
tJocis li&i br«n (r>Eai»;-fJ, Baoc-ti nii^t httr^ he^m lli«' 
Angdiol iTodor, tlir m«t imblJe Ariilocolkn of ili«< 
friuxjf. ; ihr IXkiuimrAn might l>av* Uil lortlj tiif 
•tivfXXH irtua thvlT limw i^f buf^jM^^ If Luth«r tial 
bccD bon in iIm tcrttli ccntorTi kv wotiM hftvv citicctcil 
i» rdbmtaiion* If htt had mwr bwD bom ai all, it 
4K etidtiTit iJint ilic fliictiecntJi century coM not hart 
cJapM^I without ft grcAE AcHuan m tkc ctiurf h- \n\- 
nlrfs tn i}io thy^ ^ Loiiu» lite Fi>nr<«#<uih, wodd 
probdllr barr bc«n« like most of the litfflnry nwn of 
tiiAt liiiM^ a )=cb1oui Janurnitt^ ominont ain^ig Ui« 
d^rvwltr* t>f 4-fficaciouft i^nioei ;« I>il1«r ainiluit uf lli» 
kx n^omllr^ of the Jmuiu nnd ihu tirtniuoiiaUc 4iCHj 
fiom of thi^ Sorbonnf. If Vau^ bad «ntfnrd on W 
literary nu4<:/ wken tnt<'lJ£«nc« was num geoonl, u>J 
Bbiaca at thc»amc tinu mcrefiap«nl, vhccitlMcbcircii, 
•w imUvVMl hj tlie [ffaiioi biiboiji. the court di»- 
fniftd by Tb^ (Wp^ ^^ Canitlar, anrl tbc ittllott aari> 
6n-r| To ibc jn^j^ <^ l^w, if lie had lived to sofr a 
-iTTia^^tj/ of bafU^ an ewjitj livib«bi7 aji4 a cnivrJrd 
^nrait an nnny fvriDii^bl^ only e/- tLuto wlium it 
ilmiild luve pn^lectod, a prwnbood j^ist roli^om 
toiiagli 10 b« int«i1eraDCi bo might pouibly, IJko overy 
«un of j^itv in Friii^, havu imlabod ettmi'ainuit 
|*rtjiidi<^ra a^aiiMl mcnarehy and CliruiiAnity. 'fh^ 
w\x v-ldrh hhatfld liio »o|tlitMiv of E««ohar — tbo iai- 

|«unnrd fjoqaenoft wMrh defc^nded th« mitcn of Pdn 
Royal — tW intc-Darttial budilimvl wbicb nw not 
bcmtoa ikrwn iwiea by Fujm] authority ^ laigb I havo 
•■ind him to tlic PalHartbttI« of tb« Philuaophical 



ya 



DEVQIK 



4 



Cliurc})' It WW lun^ ditiiuLwJ wLtfUier llw boiiour 
Inventing tlie nwtbm! uf Floxioiu belonged to K«wu 

KTcftC mm miide the saqm dUcuvor^ ut lliu tome thw 
Hftlh«aMitii!^ jKsonci!, iiulood, bod then rMcliiHl "it^ 
poiiAl tlwtf if Itfitlwr of th««B luul •r^T ^ziitvd, 
pniicijile must iiHviuUy biw uccurrvil to ponve pema 
iTLlhiii a fuv ycTAn, So in 4iur own dm* tW doclrin 
uf rtikt, uow univtrrull^ r«c«uv»d Ljr jjclLtk*! vcooQ 
nuu*, WM prc^nudwl* Klowat At tine taatc uitnum 
1^ two wriwi nnoQtUMctcd vrlih Mch ocbor. Pitm 
lnj( »pecdli£on bftd long Ik<-ii Uuntkrii^ round that 
k t uid it could not |iovibly have beea nuMod 
liirtf;«c 1>)' tbo mottl kvndi'fM inquirer. We juyt 
diitod to ilimk tbaC with ratptfci to artvy groat «dd 
tioii which hm becti uudo to the tUftk of 
Imowledgtf^ tfaa cam bu bwn flmiUr; ibftt witJion 
Copenwnu wc nbould ]iftv« ttwu Copmnfinuitt — tlinl 
■rithom Cdomboa Aauric* would bivo boEo Saco^ 
et«(i — that without X«oeko wo should lukve (toneMed 
a JLJsl tbn»7 of the orii^n of biuooii idc<i^ Soci 
indond bo« iU p^^l narn uid iu litllo nua, ai 
aardi hiu ita muaiiUiiiu aud Hi rUlojs. But tlie 
•qmlitko cf iDtcUccftt like the ino^uaJitka of Ibd 
ftoo «f our globo, bttr w uudi a proportion to 

^j>MH| UuUt in nknklfiiig ibt gnat ns^xilutlevw, 
nujr Mfbly bo ocglocbeo. The hid iUoinioalcs U 

ifaUU wbiio k a aiill b«kw tbo borino; nd initli la 
Iticcwc-nMi by the t&^wA minii a little bdbn it b^^ 
■Dmc* maai^t to tb« mahitoda- Tlik a tho 

■af iKvir iopwioriiy. lltfj arv tho fint to catcb 
reflect a l^|btt ^bicb» «itiiout tbetr aaaisttooe, 
to > ikort tiaM, ba TMUa ta tlwac wWq li* br 

"thPM. '«« i If 




Kmas nkvTkcv> 



9U 



Thtt Muno mmftrk will apply '^iiiAZly lo tiiif GiM trts. 
Tbe Ipirs on whicl] cjupi-nd tiio prvgriMB and d«ciii*« i^ 
poetry, iwinting, and wDl}j|im\ oporato vniJi liitio JtsM 
cvnnntj Uiu iIiom vjt>di iv£nluE« Uie punodical r^ 
tvriiB of bcmt and cold, <if fcr^itv and hamn 
Tliina who nccaa to Icul ihc jrnblir W^Uf ai«, in 
wal, mnrsly ontnmiut^ it m tho din^ticiii wbdch it ii 
aficMltaD«ona}j ponminjt^ Without a j«ul ■p))r*ii«ojdoti 
of tli9 lawi ti> wtuch weltftw Aliududt tW ButiU anil 
MW-ls of Dndrti cai> be but im|:rHb(rtly nndorvtood. 
We will, thordbix, «tatv wlut wc oan^vo Uiwn to b«a 

Tio aeo w vbJcb tJi9 mal^r^piecoa ^ iBajrinatioiil 
katie Win proJuocd hnvu 1)^' iioineanf boco thoir m 
vhich IziAc hu boon oiodA comect. Jt sodms il»t tli« 
c»«ti«'o ihcttll^i and tha CRtlcal fiically, cannot «xiat 
logiAli«r in ikrar hi^hpst ppdWtiofi. Thr catMi* of 
lUa pikonomonan it i» n^t tiitB^ult to hmi^- 

It J« truu thul ihfe man wiio h b<9rt ablv to toku a 
■udutKf to piceB»« and wliu mort cl«<tfJjr <Kinpi 
1^ naaaner bi wJnoIx all lu whoeb »nd updnjES 
lo its g«m:raJ cril«c% wxU W thv matt most oompotcnt 
lo Ann another i&ftchinc of jinlbir poirrr. In all ib«' 
bnUMrW <if phytiojil and moial fldtaice «1iidi admit of 
fmfoci analrni^ he vIki can na«a|vo will be able to 
enpbiiMi. Bui tliv anal}<«i« which cnucim citn 
of pootiy ii nocoEMHiy imperfwt. Onu 4j]<miirut 
^ Ov«r eltid« it* ittKarcbiM; and liint U the 
tWttifiSt by wLI^ P*^*"? ^ poetty. In tlio deACnpi 
»f nattirct, for ciBiiipfe» a jndicioiiB reader nnll ovil 
Jr^ect on iMongmoui iinigt\ H^it ha will llnd 
isapoujble to atplain in what coanMa ihc art of 
initer who, m a law wo«da, brin^ aonie apot Ubre 
^m ao >i*idJy thai 1m tliall loaow It a> if ho had liivd 
ibcwlPMD cbildboodi whlia snoUiart fmphiying tJi« 



fcn 




JOn WKtPBL 



tlieauoe flowvn. cumnultiEnf no tnaoctmcy. inl 
lag ngtkifig whacli can be poutivoly iiruMouDonl ffopc^ 
flfloiu, ouioii^ tiotUog which caii bo potniiriQlj pr<K 
nomtoed DfceAvty. t9;all produce no non> tfle^i ibu 
■n AdvcTtifli?ni<!dit at a mfiital rcAsicnfe aitd a dMmUft 

'■leotore* ^t|i« dmotcr cT Ildtopur uv oUvjuo* Ic t^ 
moil nipcHicial rader. Wu a! cfim pvrrciTB U»l tw 
.hCdoticb u ipJanctidi lut tbicM of ^\txy hittnm^ ]m 
aiumftl >{urib bigli. Ins loispvr cftrvlow, Kriitmr. rmI 
pduIflDi; that ho in<i«lggi ha ovn hmnoiir wicbant 
wIkmq Miiigft ho inaj vruunl. or vrliokO ciadQ' 
tnsr prorol»t b^ li3* krvitj. Tlim far cnticbni irill 
Bnt acimcUiing it jeiIU iraiiing^. A inaii mifbt 
1wv<9 all ihow qii;Jiiittt, and vvory other iiuilHy wluch 
tli« in<nt nuiiute vxaminor cmn iE)tro<Iiu.-ciotu Kii cmta* 
ti£ Uic 1 irtuoi and fiiuLu «f Uottpur, and j0t ba 
iioi ho Holspor. AliuoBi t'Tcrjihinx that wu 
LTO uid of Jum apf-li«« oqaatlY to KalcaobridgA- 
Tfft En the Boalh of Falconbdjgo rmmi uf lik apoaebw 
weold aecv out eif |ilai«. In raJ life tfaia prf|ii><iuUj 
arcum- Wc am sctMilik^ of iridn diShrmcM bccmva 
whem, if vra wora nquu«i| to doacribe iWiaL^ «i- 
loUd describe in aJnovA tho mmvs t«rma. If we wv 
iMtcBitptuig to dnv olaboraiv chuaclofi uf thoiBt wa 
[tLouM «carc«ljr La abl« to ptaoi out any aiioi^ db^ 
?tkmi jet we approach ihoiB with ivdln^ bIuk 
ifiAiuailat. W« cAiutot veoeiMTo o£ ihooi aa 
iba ^DiproMtwift or ibc fjatam of eadt other, 
ns anppoM diat A rootogitt ihaoUi attciiBip& Lo ptn 
ma Biccoant of vnia atulnalt a porcnpinc far uutaoca, ta 
^|Mopl* wSh har) t)OT«r tt^m U. The poraipiD^ ha 
aajt » gf tha ga-io* muomalia, and tha'Ofkl 



-■ 



jonv p«imE2i. 



an 



^Ir^x^ Tlierv uo wliibkvn on \u &l« \ U it two A«1 
EiMig; !t bM fimr toes bc&ro, live bchistl, twn f>ra 
tecik, Bad ri^t gnndcc*. Im bodj t» cov^m-J with 
httf AnO 4]ttflla. And( wlien all thia ]:u1 b«a aaid, 
W1)a1J vnj onjp of the atv7Jtor!i Imrr firm^ a jtat 
(if A porcupine ? WouliI Aiiy tmo ofllipra have formml 
01* >Ain« Mmi7 Tli^rr mJ^tt «3d^ iitiiumtiralltf racM 
riTuunuJ]. povBosdn;; lUl thc^ r]iaractL-nettit.-f whidi haT« 
b«-ri m^iitioncfl. jm nltogr-Uivr unlike to each other. 
Wiiai tfae <}eecri]>EJ(-n <ir our tiaturaliAC Is to a rciH 
|joraipani\ die re m ar ka of rriticr^m nro to tho imftgoe 
of poetpf. Wli«t ii 10 itnpt^rfc^nly ^oromposoa 
rtunrit JH-Ht^tlj n>«in'tnict. Il a rvJdenUy m i 
poMttilc to produce an Othello or a Mnchtitli hf rcver»» 
in^ an atiAlylicsi] ]3iroc«M to dcdDdiTO, m ji would W 
lur an amtoiaiit io KmB a iivmg ta^i: 9ut of tl]« frat^ 
nwnlv of htf tluBvctiag-room. In bolli <iims thv^tat 
principle dudc« the flivo^ instruniMits, snil VBitishc« m 
tlic very buCRnt in wMi^h its wnt iatcniii^S«). Hen« 
tlionc ^Ho, tnudng to ihetr criUml akiTI, Attempt 
vrite poeniA f^v* ut, aot SmAf^ of tUn^ lint raia- 
lof^ikeA of qnnlilitfA. Their cliarnrters art nllrj^v«; 
UoC gixd in<n ajid latd mi-it, but caftiinal Tirtnc* and 
dn^y sitA We vwin to liBTtf IkllAi auK^rtfj tli^ 
<| mi nt An o« of oar old fHoid CltriKtiun : sonK^iiQM w« 
tfiecf M!»cntfl and TfokoroTu: fnatetimi^ Mr. Jfaio 
pood ani! Kr. Lore^-Tirrii and ihvn QgAin I^dvncOf 
Pic^, and Chjirity^. 

Tliat criciul UtM^TRin«nt i« not sufHrtcnt 1o ntaka 
Dim pofltL is gim«tfalfj aJlmwd- Wlir It ulioald kr*"! 
tlictQ fi^u bwcomJng povU, » ivot perhapa finally 
Lmdimt: but tbt Cwrt ijl. tliil p^^rtry rv^iirf* not an 
■iCAinirfng bHt a b<^Ufln'ing iHmc c^ mtnJ. Tna»* fool 
« ttoftt vid wTiE« U Uct, wfio forgot ihor it b a worir 



i2S 



Joux i>]cvtiEjr- 



dT Aft ; to wbom iu imilodoaft, liku iho raJUkft 
hIu^Ii tlicjr tn Ulhcu. aro fubjocu, itot nx* conncM 
•fai{V but for Uan anil liui^hio*. roieiiUiiemt und 
tim; who art^ too much under Hxit tnliucnM of 
lUo^ioo to admire ihp gHtiiti* wWh W |irodoood i 

of I'olTpiiumuD 1o CATC wbctljQi tin pun about O 
be t^uod or bwl ; vlu> furg«t iJiat uieb a p«nau i 
Shak-ipcorc erer cxlxtod, wHJu llicj wwp md cm 
wHli bcu. It 11 by' ^Ting IWlli La ibc crcfltloQi t 
tlic inio^inftticn dwi * nuw Ivoumev a ]ioet. It Ia I 
liTfttJng l1io» CRftticiiu aa dece|Jticin&, tod by rcwilvii 
tlMm, u nrftH/ ju jmuiUft, ukto Uifir ckmaots *'>'^ ^ 
bccwnus • crilir. In iW mvnianl in which tlie tkQI 
the If lut 11 peroesTcd, tlio »j>eU of ihv ul U brakcD^ 

Thaw c«aiilantiuu account lor ibo aUurfitiw Ib 
whkli thtf |pr«u*ft wiitjfn h»io fidkoi, whua ibojr hv 
BitompUNl to ^rtt gQucnU niJu4 for compoiitkin, or 
pronoiinco judgnwnt on the works of ocbon. Tb 
OTB omccoatoBod ui analjme wliai thej &<1; tlu 
tbrnrfim, parpetnalljr rdi^ Uicir «!Eniolion4 to cwu 
whit^ liftvu no< ia tbe »lighl«BC ^vgn« t4<iiiied to pi 
ilac« Ui«ni. TliFjr iw) plt^oiurv ui maduig a Im 
Tbiwy tMMTur cwuidor Ihikt tltb pjauvro imj 
■ftici of id«u which mum luu&tmiiiojE ex 
Ltif DO tkc fint Imk of a d^am of a-wockti 
liav« Gtlkd up in tbcor own niodfl — (hat 
llieni*irlrc« fumithtd lo th^ autluir tbc beanbea 
ikey aidniftL 

Gr^tanlai it iJm Might of ali rliirift of 
Evciy •cboobbojr thumb* to piecw the nott w 
timn*Utiom of hia rotnavoc. aod kiwwi tbo Ion 
Uwt o( liiw Kni^ Emm, and tbt Unjtd rhticfci «f 
S^uitv. n ««ll ii Om bce« of lik own p 



aun 



JCUX PKTDKK. 



329 



Th9 u .mi 9xpvri6Dtxd and Gutidtout jcidi;«B w Anianvd 
tl ihv perfvctioa of tli«4 tut vthicli v^tracla in«X' 
tingniiJiAUo Imghttr frnm the gre4to;t of hoimh 
odiaUJM without once rioladnj; tbe fvvcreace dm 
to it ; at that discnnniutin^ ^^tif^nrj- of Umeh whirK 
nwiu A ^^haniet^ lytrfuiiiifify ndiciil<int^ iviil-^cjut iin> 
pttirinn; it* wcirth, ita f^nc?, or ita dij^iiil/. In Doo 
Quixote an» Mv«r«l diucrlAtiqn* oti t!i9 |>nnciptca 

of [>oct]c lUkti <]nu»attc wHd^j^. N\» ptivta;^ tit tht 
mboU ^ari <-xlulkt Unni^-r nuixkB oi' labour and 
uitfiitioin ; and no pAnn^ in mny irork mth wliich 
ve Br« ftoqvMlni^ ore mora worthliAs and pLurtili*. 
In oar dme Uioj u^uld sntrcMy i^bEain AJmitUftiro 
mto ilia literary dqAi-fntfiil of ch« M'^ming Po«t- 
Evvry r«^crr of tht* Di^'iae Coin«Tir muit bo itmclc 
by tbu vcnofauoD which Danttf eipivsKfl for wiiuri 
fihr iiiMoc to hJnMwir. H« wlU nv>c l]f\ tip liis «<}'im 
from tliv i^und in tUe |ircai<no« of bruni-tUk, aEI 
«tioM wcrhi V9 i>oc worth tho worn of hh ovm 
1iinidf«d csntosL Hv dooi nut VT^nturu to wnlk bi 

iMf uunc linif with the bfmiba.*l]f! Statliu. IfU wl- 
aiinUiMi or V'tru:il i* kWbit-n i^^Utij. If \n^*v^ h 
IdMl bnun vxcalol by IIh- vivguit, »pluni&d, and \inf- 
uiockioiM ditftkii of ih^ Roman jxwt, h wi>uM nut Im^e 
.IM1I qliof-ctW tmn.4«o«iub1e ; but k !b nlbor u tn 
^tLtlunty on all pciuiei tiT i^ilofophy, thtin ils n work 
«f inu^jitkin. that he vaJuca tTic £nctd, Ttto nii'Mt 
triviil fttmf^a b« n^ganb la omdca of the lughiul 
%Kt\totitff aiid of dir nxni rtco<niKtr meaning. Tlf 
rincrJKet hii condoct^r a« thit Ma of all wiMlora — tU« 
vun whicli bcaJ* ore^y dboi^dcrvd «%Iit. A* br judjc^ 
of ViT^t tiw ItftUaaic gf thfr founooDtli coMTOfyjud^ 
if bim ; thef vr«K prood of Inra t lliay pnJbKl liioi , 

hmy »tr«ck aidalt b(«raig )iU bfad ; the)- ^uamllfrl 



T«. V 



!• 



A 




hr iliv ttvnmif of poMeniog lu» r«ntti&a t dicy mi 
iMAtivd ^micmon to cxpoond Im wrillnp. Btit «1mI 
titc/ admirvil w» not tli«l AJghif imA^mUoa whick 
nlhtl A ntvr worM into eu4«nco, «ud nude ftll ita 
ii^iCa and vjumli Guuiliiir lo itie eye and cu* of tb« 

crwtiuiu iiji vhkh luivr vritif.'t lirljglit t-j dwvil ** 
Psriiuui Uning Li« hvighiy uid tnuii|iul brov fins 
ill-, criuch of e^^ftfiui^ fir* — ih« llon-lik* rcpou of 
Svrilollo — or the light vhidi digiio from tbe eelffWial 
Bmilc of Bvniricc Tlt^ extolled Uvcir grout |MMft (oir 
hit» etiutturii;|{ of uicionC ItLentuiV Abd butor/ ; for h&« 
logii* and hii diriaicj' ; Tor hu ftbnrd phjaici^ and liin 
moro Ab«Kitii iiKiUfili^tio* ; iur OT^fyUiHig boC ibftt 
in wliidt hu prmiiiiMciUj vj^udIMp Liko tlw Cuol in 
thn Btoiy, who ruinod Liji dwcUing hy digging fiir goM, 
which* u hv hftd draLiii^Ja wiu ooikCwM tindtrr iu 
fbmi<l4iioni, Uk-v UJd ruto oihi uf xko t>MtM worses 
^ huiAAn gcniufi, by veiling Ui ii for bnriod Umamnn 
of wwfom whkk CddAted oolj in thirir own iritd rev- 
erivt- 'J'hr tnmi panngix irtTn) littj« vahied liU ibej 
lm<I be»:n dvbatfd nito •oaua uooMrow amgmj. 
I^umii-r [ip]4ftiuu VM gjfitin to tbe Lectara un &(■ 
And frocvwiij, or to tJw ridiciiJoai aurotionied tbearioi. 
liuftTL to tbote troBOoJcHii Una whidk diflskaQ tin 
tpcnru cif the tower d hmtfjifft or to tlwt ludf-told 
Inlu of gBiUy lov*^ »o piu*Mn«i« And *o fuU <£ tiiAn. 
W« do not moKn lo iaj tWt tbt conlemponriv ur 
U«D(o rtod with kM onM>ci4<i tlian liicir dcttrndauii 

it Ul^UllO ifnipiug «»u[1f Ul« irjAt^ oupMa of lu> 
duliruu or of Fnuiencm «tuiuig nt Uio xnauSmm khm 
lad drup|i£&g th« frt&i vtilnne. Fftr fron iU W« 
bdi^re tJttt tht7 ftiniind tbAe ihiap l«o thjw our 
idTes. but tiML Uu^ Mt llius ittore. W a should pvv 



■H 




< 



« 



K3^% okxruFsr, 



m 



tmfm Mj that iJioj fell lliem loo touch b> ailmiiv tlipn. 
I'be ptcfnm <if a tutiun from btut^rifm to civiliwrioD 
fmMlttOi a «lMiig« licnEbr lo lli:tt vrlii<4i lake« pbev 
dniini; Oiq pro^*^ o^ (^ intfirtdcal from Inbncjfi' 
MAtonf ogr, WliM rnnn dncn rot rrmnn>ifT wttfi r#- 
pvl l)w IJni time ikfti he rexl Robaiiflon Crttio^f 

■Urihvr llitf Imok IlmI m ^riti-r %l «ll. Hu pi«6«Uj 
tht'uvlil 14 DoC luir *io fine w tirnio nuil of Jldtu;i>herHm 

alfmac daHi-bn>w«ii Foltlath, and whiU'-bfrtiftm^l Stri- 
nadom. Hu now valiMS P^ngul and TtmiKU only Hi 
tliowing idth )»ow Uti!<j cvidwirc A sl^T mnv be bo-. 
licvi^ij, ari-i yritl'j how litclr nii*ril a hvik may be p<)pu" 
lor. Of tL? raomncc of Dctoc he i^iitcrtaim lb» big^lMal 
npoion. Hp porr-^ir«« tli« baiirl nf a matter In Uci 
UnuaatnJ Umchvi which EjmiL-rlv hv ptuwd hy vritliout. 
luitunr. But, iho'jgli V- un'irrftnndn Uic tncFLU c-f 1I34, 
namilivt* bi^^T ilm.i iL^nn'rlj-N he ie &r !«* iiLluruiitwi 
by it. Xary and rHikv, onil prcttj Pol). l!i« boat 
wilb lJi« •honied r^'f-fitHtiiMi »flil, and ilt^ raiioc wHch 
flonlfl DOI be bmnjibl dnwn to tbe vniti>r «*f>;«^ ibe tent^j 
arttlt iu licdjp- *i)d Imldcrs tbo pn>crtw of fcidi, aKd'j 
Hxe livn «Wi« iW riM y^i <tlwi, can n»v«r agarik Iv to 
ham tbtf p:a)itiv« wbidi Uivv wun«. Tlw d^r» wlivn 
lifa &foarii'> rohtup wi hfan npnn nwlnng vhc^l-bar* 
rovi anil rhahn. nfon tCj>;^ng caT«e ilJ^d fWicing huu 
in thr ^ardvn, <>an nf'vcr rctiirti. Such a t}ic law of 
our lAlurv. Our jurlpimcnl ri[vckg; onr ima^'natkot 
tpc^TL Wfl Ainoot at on^ip «njoy tliv flowm of tla 
i|ving "Ditd and ibti iVutt* nf its iiTftunint the p\p%siirt^ 
(if doae tnVL-sEi;^lioti ai^d Dr«>.' of Hgrv>^bt^ *rrt>«. 
W? caniiot til at uocc in tbo front of t)i« »£a^ ajid b«^ 
UrJ tht tT^ttet* We cwuiot W under d^9 illiuion of tfa« 



i^ 




JOHN PRTliDt^ 



npm And pulloyn whk^i dvpoo.^ il* 

▼tour (if Portndice At Uka Uieicre ftdord« «a o'wpJott 
tn illttUration af our prapatitia«u tliat to cvjuioI f* 
Jnin Irom (|iKilinf; «ncDa ^iiLiti of iS. 

" Pfcrtnilp* gari? rh»C *n!rf!l ^9 Mr. (larfvk ■*«* bf) bid 4*- 

hivk^l iffHOBl t*fli fl^r. J<>ittt«ft<^Mf««hU vuiheoiMSOT-, 
«h1 w iKlbff W vm tihaai*/ Am iratnkir Ufvii 1^ Ujip ? — • O, 
1^ iir.' Mifj bfi* * I p«^nn» iMt* ii k vJiM iwi told id*. I MB Ml 

t, |bM^ IE voul J do Obi^ i»n iLtrm u <iii*K > iliBtarK* vd ifi n k'l'^ 
nBi|Uflij; jihiJ yAt,ir T "v rn/Ar«riftil, I ani UtA tb« onir |itmln-' 
— *Whyi ■rb*,' 411H JoriH. '^oM ihoQ uka io btoith ■ rov«K| 
bare baaLlaalhjiii^?'^*N«v. jna siay mIL ft«4ir««kr4 if JM 
■ill ( bul If iti*t riW« iMa dvTfv upva lU *Ucs ti ost fiiibtiBnU 
I QOitf «** M»j oiu fVi-Urnnl Id n^ life' .... JI4 a«l »Ub 
bit «ft4 Qxff] parttv or Ibo jftuK anil itnnlf oti HuuWt, i»«il will 
bi* iQoiiiti optni :be ame ptalao* vfajub «icr«cM ewk «lb« 
ii> IUiiiU',«^cfofkAjftk««fte« Uql .... 

>* Uul« Djr« imtb njii»inb«Tvi)E onvrivJ ilamj Iba pUj; ■! 
lb* ul 0/ iiW4 Jnoc* Mkfd Ijui «*lLK-b «f lb« |ilA}«n h« bfc«J 
hr«t, Tt tlm W kiHvir«<l, «ilh woo appanuro c^ hJliJiiMtiTm 
■i ike <tucjtioa. ' tb* Kanir, «ichaal <b»bL*— ' JfulMd. Ur. Pv- 
Dridgr/ M>i Mn I^rOfr. * yoa ve mot *tf th^ uaia«fiM«i *fll| 
lb* twu ; *)r ibry «r« aU Afivsl thM Ilm1« ii ac««d bj Iha ' 
ImtL |il*]rBr aho «» v»np «d iba •Ufb' ■ II* iba bat pUritrl* 
•n«irHtnl(VtiriUib«atti«iapt«»a» mhm^ '^y I ocqbl *( «• 
nil w Iw iDjVkkC I Hj tnrr, if I Tubl Hra a pWaC, I «h4aU bat* 
]OAb«l In ibn TUT '■"4 iDwnflf, nt'l JhnQ juM m ba 4'ii. Aa4 
lbsfi> 10 br niTL in Ibil M««e.ad5«u riili?d il, b*l<rH« b'lM a*C 
bv nii3lbc«. nVr* *cii tabl *■ ba arttrl kj Ak^, wbj. vtj waa, 
IhM U, viv pa4 mu. ik«i had «r4 » fcJthw. bmU baT« iMm 
■tv Jj tbawv^ J kay 71911 ■» onlf^akinfi sUb nw; but ^*> 
dmd, n^AMn^ iboaKb I Hvtr «M «i « ^x in I,,«(l», ral I b«Ta 
IHH AftiDg bcAm h Ifaa cduaifj, «nd iba K>n^ kr a; noucjr 
It f|>nbBllW-t*4i4bciHdr. w>dUir V hoi api<aa«W 
Jbi^btttf ma; Kd ba i* a& *clor/* 



d 



MUX i«Tticr. 



am 



U thli excdbot poAw^ Puiiitlgo ii rcpr«A>TtN<d ni 
■ v^vy had tJi<«trib»l fTitir^ Bm none ttt tlimr «hi> 
lAugh ai him poMOM tlir ttthv nl' KU M^.vihcftt^' in tbo- 
■Irioal vocrv'Lf<vio4*. Ho dilmim in llit wronjc pb<^: 
hit h« tremblB* iii ihc right plAc^, Jl it iniJofirl b>- 
oraM 1i« ia M nudi «Aoii«d bv (h« sicifiLg of Ganii:^, 
0mx lie nmks \dtn bulow Uie vtrnttbiff, mouthinj; por- 
fcrmCT, who [ler^onntM (Iip King, So. vftj Ww hf'Ard 
It 9iud lliAl, in fijitiL' fifirta of S[kaiti arid Porti^vK n% 
artor who ^hotild refirvdb^nt u itrpmrul fhAmrlfrr finrlj', 
iuMomI ai filing Hown ihrr spplnntM «f tlj^ Mif1i«n<*n, 
it liin«d Attil p«i(«<l wflb'Mit mrrc^^. It would ha th« 
MHM in Ent:lanfL if wv, for oiw mcpownc, chQncfat th«t 
9b;lodc or la^ wne it»»ding b«f(>r« m. M'^MIo ih« 
AuBitfe «tc wRfl in iu TQ&ncTT at Atli^ns, it prtKlncvd 
linular off«cu on tbo ardent And imaginntiro Rjifv-fnuir*- 
ll £a ioU ihai thc^ bkni^ £vhYlue ^r inffiiV^man 
limn inlo fita uiih hi« Fiiriet. Horcdolni lelU m (bat, 
when PhryntHitti prodiic^vi Mn ifftf^edv i>n ih'>i fitll al 
HSetint '1^^' ^«<i liim m a ppnnllv of a tbomond 
dcMlflmu for torloring ihtrir f^'^Oin^ by ■<) paihctk tm' 
cdtUUtlou. Tb«7 did not ivj-ard him a* a gTMt *rtUc 
bat neretv oi a nmi who bod ^vcn ibcn paiiu When 
Aej woko fVom Um dtHrotfinff illiini«m, thrr itfM^' 
Ums ftnibor cf it M ihrt upouM lav« treov^d a mrtflnti- 
IpKT who ibnisld bare briOQt{ht tli«n fiUol and aljuininft 
iHinfii which t«m«d <iai co b« Ral*^. In llic ««»• 
DHini^, a child KTv^titi with Iprroir ttt tJw «i;(fit of i 
|ivff«Hi inan uglyiiKvk. lie tivporitftji* tooii tbonoik 
pit Ml* Bttt h^ im>^iut[cn ia too strong for btt roo- 
«D«i t unl h« intreoCa that it may be taki'n <iC 

Wo ^Mfald art in tb« «n)e viinncT ir i^^r ^rief and 
Inrror prodibard in na bj wovlo of tbe lnnaf^n*tiQa 
uaoonlod lt> rcfti tovtw- BtH in on ihne Tin<rtk«i« ar« 



au 



XMW MIT DOT 



pompftniirdj Unguidi Thvf nrcfy dSb<-l oct &))p^ 
titt or mr tkcft. Tbcy imva m wfidoittlr »! ««»• u 
iAc« lh«fln U) ibetr cuvm, amI to tftinAU tb« po«««v 
wltich prcxIiKe ihrtn. Our attention b apecdtly tb> 
VMtted fhrn 1I14 inai^ wkicb call IbvUi gur tMn la 
the ut bj yiWkk Umw iitw|ptt ]i»v« bwn Mlccted vmI 
eooibiiird. Wo applowl tho goBi«t of tlio writtik 
Wo ftpphad oar ovm Sig«dty bd4 etfaublliij ; uid m 
uv coniRMrled. 
T«c, iboQgb wo ihiak tlul m the pnigrcM of Ufttiocw 

Kt tfwi cxpcnu^ of iJu ima^vnAtiom, tro «^lcnovUdfi« 
th«t I0 tJu« naltf lli«rv m« niviT appftrmt vxCppAiona. 
Wo m aix, lHiwvT«r, *\miit mtivfuHl Umt 1I105 mrv 
nigfu tluui n^|Mutvi1. Mvn runsuixxl bvtlDr« tor c3fr< 
voplvt in iht timo of i£U«ili«ili tiuo ta tlia luad «l 
Bf^rtt and ilit^ aIm vn4e b«Hcr poetry. But vr« 
miut dntin^uit Ix^ivn^nt poauy lu a mpQUJ ju^ uui 

|iO«Ciy u ■ i|mj«a <yf rOiBpOvUoO. If wo liko U fal 
the latter *t.'ii«c, iu rxcellciie? dtqwiuK not Bololjr o«i 
tlui vigour of tJi« iiiM^iiatiiMit bat ptaUy ttbo on Um 
inrtnuBBnu whieli thu vaM|[Ui«uun uwplo^'a. Wklun 
BBTtttn limu, ihqndbro, poetry tmy b« inprwrlug 
wUb tb«» pooticttl ^ijiyb dMayin^. Tbo riviibWM 
iif Uie ptriim prMtntiei to the rvadrr U not nawwrily 
pvoiwrtJocwJ Ut til'* riridnoM nf iW proCniyp« whink 
mckU m His mioJ of ibt> wHtor, la tbo fjtiw art* «« 
VM ihi* cl«arJy. SlBOiikl ■ ttum, pfM In; niiun wilb 
ail Uii« gciktut of CviovHt aill«xnpl to ckivv n hIaIim 
willivui biiiTiivtton m lu tliu iaMUj(niM(it vf hu ckiMt, 
^ Aiiciitkiii u* tlkfl aiiNtiMiy of tlio haiMU body. In 
voiil4 pnxluM iunwUikng oompaml vUh which lli« 
[lijtlilkDdar at Lbc d^xtr 04 & ^antf altop vonld deatrve 
idtnimioo. If an iTAi^tltial^l BapbMl w«n toaittfnp' 



I 



I 
I 



lOtUC DftTtiKK. 



4 |wutJ»t£, it wouJJ Im > vnvre diuib; UiilrviL the cq»- 
iiQttMutft «x tJiat t K wly irorl» of lUpliftol wtv Jinlf 
bMter* V«(, who cvi altribuce this lo want of tmagi* 
tiatioo ? Wlio caa doulit that iKn jfnudi of that jEmal 
vniM wui pinfid oxnidM an idt^l nHf! of branciJul «iiA 
nif^tAtk; rnrntA? Or. who will aiiribmti^ th« t\\&ennc9 
wUcb Mppsn betwn-ii hat lint rudo «uKy« aud Ijj* 
mm^iiiccnt Truudinmtioit toachMngo in tli« coiuti- 
totJ<jn or \i'*t luivd? Ill potfirjr, »» iu puinUjog uid 
»calp<iirc. Jl k ticCQsnry tUat tbc insiutar *hui^ b# 
iroll lOqaiMtod with ilal wLich h{> oadgnabM lo inu- 
Ulcf 4>«d ex|>«n b iHo muclianiril port of Iia an. 
Ocrtiiu vill mil fumirfi biai irith a Tncabn^Anr : it will 
not b4cli him wbat word (ami «K»rtJjrc-(irr«apon<ls to 
bia kl«a, and ivill niMt full/ ecnvcry it to otlifTi : tL wiU 
not malcit bim a yrwt <lLicnp4ivif pxd, till hv hui ktokiul 
with att«»iioa on ibe lac^ uf nature ; oi' a fjitoe dnun* 
aiivl, till he faaa iclt and witncascd math of i^tc tiifla- 
«Mio of tho paaslov. InfonBadon and exirancnco tr^ 
tbere£bre« nerat^ry ; luit fbr th^ purpdM of strtnj^tlM 
ttnitig |}|4« imnpuftlit>ei^ wkirh U nci-cir ao atmo^ ki in 
people incapaUe of mftuninft — MvagM, diildrfn, nwd- 
moti, and dnamcn ; but for tbv piirpoaa oT oiiabling 
iIm artMl U> QORUiuinicate 1u4 nmcqKkiTia lo oihan- 

lo a fcnfbarotjs age the unngioniioo 6Kcra»o a dc»> ■ 
podc power. 80 rtrong u the pvrcBptian of what ii ^ 
nnrvat iJiat It oAcn or«rpow«T^ all tba poasSoftM of ibo 
mind and ali ihc wnaationft of tb« hody. At finr, io-^ 
dfod. dio plontaun rrnuiinit undtmilpHU a bidilcn Lt^a- 
QCO^ a wofdltfi P^^^y- ^'^ >nvi<ibU pMiniin^ a dent; 
mudc, a drfnm of whicli the }mix* aod pWaraxta «x»l 
to tbt dnUBOr aJon«, a bittorr^oM w\Mi thm lioatt ckiIt 
bit>w«th, a joy witb vbich a iCfanfcer ukt«fnte<dditfth 
vil. Tbf tnachgufy, by which ideas are to ba cam 




rejfd iron hm pnwft t« ■AMhirr, U nf yc\ nvl* And 
di^tM<tiro. Hptwrcn mirnl inil mimt thrn^ in t icnul 
^ulf. 1'1e< icnilAliTc axU dn not eittl^ of nre in Uiojr 
lowuat M*to. Bui tb« aclioM of ni«vi aiirply ^n>f« lluu 
Iho faculty Krliich ghw birth to AMe nris u morbUlj 
ictivo, h 14 noi yot Um nwpntioo of po«u flnd Kslp 
Eon i bat it U the uouMiDont o£ tbo dav, iha lerrar «f 
tH« nijiiljt, tte fertilo B'mve of wild cvporoilunift, Ic 
luniA ih* rloncb into gigBtidr? 'H^pc*) and ilia wmili 
lErio dolidul TM«tt. Tlic belwf which *prjti;-i frotn h 
ia morr abaoluttt ftnd nQiUiabtin^ than viy whkli «wi 
b« Jcnt^ frum ovpIpucv. It r wn blca tha &kk wliieb 
ivo rvpqiv ill our owu MviMtioo*. 'ITim, ttw Arab. 
vrhtm covv-rcil whli winin<b, wmm DOtliiii^ but di« cUric 
ey« and i\tt grmi kBrohidf «f ft bcdronin^ Hoiiii. 
Tii« Noriliom waitior kiijiked in tbe pui^ 1/ dcftth 
-vlion h« Ihou^t iif tlie ncftd of Valb«b. 

Th« tot wo^ of th« imnf^minn u^, «a nr* \iMrtt 
md. puur and ru(l«^ nut frcon ttif- wuit of jpnttm, but 
tWnn tlio nAikt of imlcridv Phidisi oouid Iiaw done? 
tjultiini; wilh an M trw ftiid a ft»l»-baii«i or Hi>cnw 
*riih the laagoa^ of Nvw Udlaiui 

Y^ 1)10 «Jb«i of cbwv «arl5 pgdbmunna, iinpttibet 
•4 thej niitt nccHiiarilr be. ift imtttflnaeb All ilelkaHH 
ciaa are anpidMd bv tbft snacrptibilvty of llrnaa t4i whom 
tho^ arv addreaaed, Wc all know what fileaivra a 
wooden 4I0I], which may bo bo«ijc^t Ibr nxprnv^, will 
aSonl to a liukr ^i\. Shv viU nquirv no odiar mo^ 
jmu^. SIm vjU nuT*« it, dn^sit, and talk tn U all daj. 
No grownup man 1nki» half 10 noch duUirfal in on* 
of iha inconyar a blg hMm of Chantivy. In tlia Muw 
mvuHr, aavaj^ atf« siarf oAmH by the nuk cmm^ 
iitioni of thttr bard* thao luuieau more advaacrd \t 
ni^liaation by tb* fp^mnmt nwfMv-ptaoM of p^^^try. 



I 



I 




JOUX DBVDEX. 



-an 



Ul ^rottfdt <if time, ihi^ injXrnnu-nU hy vli>ch ih« 
onagindlioii w^jA^ %n bruu^Ut to pvrivcii<^i. Mcr 
bsrs Dut uMtji: imo^uadun UkEii Uwir ntiic iuii:v«u>ni. 
W« vtrouglv »Lap«Gt Uuil tliojr 1>avo cnurl) ten. Bat 
thcj prwluoe bolb-r vrorbi of iintt^iuitJ<ui. Tltxn, up to 
mcvrtftia period* ih« diiainulioii of the povdcil poircTi 
U Gir marfi t>iji& coinpiTaMtcd b)r the ;ift|MMirciu«ni 
of alJ tlic ippliAnciu anil nwaru of wbicl^ Uicoe povren 
*j4ii4 in ni>i>L Tlirn cnjiaot U^ciiliorl jici uhI <4^ ^ploiidtd 
ami i.'u<i>uji]rri«t« mtv)l>^iiw. Aiui ih&i^ ^mm CiuiM* 
a^inu viddi h u nun t*> ttrugglc, jwctrv bc^iu- to 
(loulxiw* TJio prugnm uf Juigtia^ ivbJcli wa« «i ftnt 
CiTour»Lde. Ui:uiDUi &Ia] u> iU and, iitfltaii of compcrv- 
■oiiEtg for ihc drciiy of Uic imn^inutionf A»7f:IcraliM ikal 
decs/, Ami rvndvTA it more obvluiu. WKtui the «d< 
rcQtunr in Uic Arabiiii ulc Aiuuntcd one of bin ^«* 
Willi iiitj ci^uUmu of tl^i^ ia«^cal box, ali iIm hcJim of 
Uic eftflb« b«;wvvL-r vri^ly diapeiBcdt liuKwer luirudly 
ooocoilodv bc^uac tiiiLk- iij him. lint, wlvui h^ tjri^d 
tile «spuHiDe[ii on bvtL cj^w^ Lv uuu 4trutk wtUi bJuid- 
oeov. What tb« unclisnicd dixir ww to iho si|e1i1 of 
E^ ' ' . tir^mi^U lo tVtQ sight cf Uic ima^naii'rti. 
.'i it coUs qp a ircvlii of gloi-iota ilbinon*; but, 

trbcn il bocomci loo ooplr-i«, it ftlto^rcdicr de»traj« tli* 
vulval powvr. 

Aj the dt%vk>i;mvnl ■'>f tbu uuud pitKoodi. nyxnlralKt 
bmu^ of b^^g employed to oonvcy uno^tA, art miU4- 
tQtod fur ih-CT. Cii'j]ii(.<l attii llJnk u tli«T tndu. not 
in kittd, bnt bj miviiA of a circnkdiig modian. In 
ibnift drcwnfiwK«i% ihc ftcionoM iniprov« njiully, and 
rriljcum ainooj^ tli^ tv^ : but poetrjt in tlio H^e^hi 
WRM^ of ikc wni'^, tli.-«ppfsn. Then oontai llic dota|ta 
if f Ji« lifir AT^s tt b<vODd <:lnldhuod« itf fWbU vs Uw 
triTTir-r, luil lar i&on: llopiJws. Tbk is tbo igu ul 



ES 



3W 



Mur 



wTik'li iKc' ruMiioTT-, i))0 jtid^mi, Mt\d iht. wit c* 
ti^bnlP 6a miuiv ihin the ioiaj^rtifttion. Vic rcndity aI 
low tli4l mmny «<vkA of ibU do«crti^t>ufi Jirv iwcdhut' 
we Will noi coTttrnid with i)io«« wlio tliirik tbeni 
vBluttUo Than tin? grvnt poum* of an luHjor 
W« onir nmlntun tLai ilicy bi^long lo a dldurent 
of Gompo^^n. and arc pr«lairL^ by a didtn^nt fftcoll 

It IK hloiw cr'iiVilAtinn In rrilrrt that this ctitUi 
icbocil of pi>f-try imprnvcfl sa tSo odence od* cril 
impmvoi i sLod that the seMiice of critieiim, tlko 01 
uiWr tetniirv, i< rantfiallj lauJinj^ towatii* 
A3 vxpvrimTfliti tun muHlpliviL priociplw rtv Iwtl 
umbniomJ- 

lii MtM! emntrifA, In our own, for onuijiTct 
hti bcrji jin intfirrd hccwccti ihA dovrnJall iiT the 
tiv* •rbt-il RVkd U»p rtMt fif ihc cKlkCftl, a jtorvid daiii 
wUch inia|i:L!nlioa Ima bwu ui iu iWcrvpiind^ 
btfte in iu inlar^f. Siidi a muTui'tonflry iittL-m^y^im 
■■ ihm wtJI b« iMbrai«il hy twry *{t«alm of ettm 
gnnco. 

Ho firvt victorj of g(K>d tAfU) 1> or^ iho borabAi 
Aiid ranceiiB wbacb dedbnn such tiviei »atb«4i'. Bi 
mtimin b iliU io a ray impcHbct kIaIa. Whal ii 
AdfotfAl ill for A liw^ tiiiw confmindod with whAl » 
Btfotnt Gf-neTKl llimtM are drawn frmi dctacl 
belA. How tn^nj boon Ihn ncticin of « plajr idajt 
•Bowtd le OQcnp^i — bow mAoy maXlm nn £p(o Pi 
BAy mtrodneo into hn first book, — wliotbnr a 
which i« Acknowledged to h^tt a bi^nning nud 
fnd. toAv not be wEiJioot a Middle, And otLar qtiutioi 
Aft pii^U m« th'TW, fnnnffflr occnpM tlic attnnlkdi of 
mtn of hi(tor» hi Frtinrv^ and ttcti in Uii" etxiatry. 
l*o«t% in fvch vnicQiMaukOVA ai 1h9i\ eifaibil all thr 



i 



innH ivRTDCtf. 



9tn 



Mfrowiten ftnd fei«blen«Mi of the cHtirisiin lij wtiirt 
their Buuitt^f b^u bofn bthi<>np^l. Fmm outr^^ms 
tbMantitjr tktfv are prv«em<d irKbr«d by t^cir Uini'lilv. 
Hut UiB^ pcfpvtiuU^ ncnficc nfttsrc «nd n^M^n to ui- 
bttrary c«iKin« of tMW. In ihvlr ^a^uru'.in to iToid 
fW mah f^n^ki^Ui of a fooUih coJv\ thoy iire jwrpc-tnnl* 
Ijr raJiii^ on tbe icwrffl m «. Tltcir gnat prrtlei:**- 
»on, it K fnH% wen an \mA rritic* m tHmi^!vv-i^ At 
|ifr1wp« wornfr; tiuE tbooe prc^J M iggqr a , m we finvA iS 
IcmpCod lA 4hAw, wpn>. inApIrvd by a ^iilty ivid^ftffi- 
d«il of rntiriwni, mniU Uic^rr^oiVt wrotv w«1l while tbtrv 
jod|Ccd ill. 

In liiiw nwB bogtii (o uik« nMro ntiou&l atiil com- 
fnlie«oive vwwa uf liicntnris Tho iwfJy»:d ofiviCTryt 

ftcCt S|»pfV4rf^(^ nearrr and ne&nT to exaHn^M. The 
vorhi of ibe woixli^Hul mndtU nf fonAi-r tiron juv 
JD^y BiiprtifuM. Tlie fnif^d pn-Iuotimu of « labn 
ufj9 ATT ntfld at no iDon than tjic^r proper vihi^. 
Fkaung nod ingwiioiKi imiuiicriiii of lh« munn^rr nT 
lito gmt iiUBUff* a[jp«ar, Poi^ry liu m puriiul i^uivnl, 
■ Sainl M>r(ui*4 SvBmcr, wfticb, alVcr a ptriod of 
Jrcftrimi ami deny, Ag^raSTy re-mind^ w «>f tb« 
R{dendu«r of lt4 Juim. A am-ohiI Lnrvf.^t u f^ntherpd 
13 ; ihoiffi^i K^i*")^ ^n a Apntt Mil, Ic luii iial the 
Imri t-T ih« fixnivr, Tliu^ in t)i« pr^^^dnE iige, AltHitj 
Iw vtiiccvfifutly iiaiCnUyl lJl■^ >tyk- trf" DuntP ; nml koi^ 
Uilng of tho Btl»b«th4n liMpimtion )in:* Wn onvE^lii 
hy Mst-vnl tinun^-nt ccrtiotryinuD of ohf u*n- Bol 
never iHQ Itdly prodixy? a»otf^«T iRfcmot or Etr^kiiJ 
Ukithor Uootln. We !*»k im tt^r Vic««ti« fif the 
tioilvR) imitAtMni wiih foehngn MiuttAr to 1}T<»*r mth 
v!iiHi wv sec ttowi^rt dffpoAcd in wt% lo trnijuncml 
4> ftrwinK-rooou of a c^bl Wv do*Mlu.41|t^ 




He 



iOlU PHIl'^. 




lAUdw. ill ib« mi4u ^ & filiM UMgeiiki to tlittt, 
rcaiiiid cm oC the diMuit npots on wliMi ibey 
in sp(aiUoo(Hi« cjcubcraiko^. Hut we mUt lli4» >a|>, 
frc^OM ftn4 tH« bloovi. Or, if w« nuy 
anulUr iUurtnuon from Qoccn Sch«her«dftcl«, 
wwiM coinjmn tLi» wrjt«n of thvt •chool lo Um jwtl* 
kr» itbv w«r« ttujilyyvd l<» cuiu|>Ji-<l« tlw uutiiiii 
wirifUv of ilw poJoceaf' Aladdin^ Wliaicvur skUl 
DOtt ooiUd do wu dum. F«koe «Dd bssaT innv rvn- 
iBickod Um prodiMt «Uiiic». Vut Hiv artacts, wHii 
llieir d^Ttnitj, vith all thviir fturiduii^\ and viih 
their vftst moans, w«n dubk to produoe aojnliiiif^] 
cnnk^ATMUc Xo Hio wonder* which ji :<puit of a blfilNtf' 
up\in Tad wrviighb iu u uiij^v hi^Ul 

TIm iiiiUny df «v«ry Ji;cnilun with wlijcli w«) «r« 
ftc^iMjiMod Gonflnmi. w« think, ikv priodpln winch 
have Uid duwn. la QrxMv^ wo »(« Ui« Imngriniii 
idnMkf of JKMtTj gndiuJIy fiuding into the critic 
M^Ay\uA ond Pindar mrv aucce^dod hf 8^otl«^V 
tii>phoc)» hf CoripiilfB, Eiirtpid«ft bf tlit AlouuidnMi 
varaliftrft. Of ihcM Lut, Thoocnimi alanc hn« Idl 
ontt|KMtu<^iM which dwiurvu ui bo raul. TJw >|>l>ndflMr 
ftud gr<MiMqoti fiufjlood of the Old ConuHty, rich with 
tuch gorgooiw hoo^ poo^od with tvcU Antulk •!»]>«■ 
tnd vwftj ftlt«nMUdjr w£th lIiv «vrtfU«t pc«U of mnik 
ijid the locidftfl buTfla of elruh Uu^icTt «fi«ppiBnJ 
fbir eror. Thr mMaBr-pMc« of the K*w CoMMidy *m 
known (u m bjr Latin trvuklioni of fstftordhMttj 
aacHt Prom thtwa tnoaUilDm^ uid ftcro tho cxprna- 
don* of tha ancicot critio^ il « cWr Qtal thr origtoal 
cioiD}>Oiit«uiiB Hero dvUnf^wahod bjr gncv aod «we«tp 
■ttMt duu tiioy ipuklod with wii, and aboaoded with 
•loafing lOitiiDonI; hut that tho cnadTa povvr ww 



in- 

bar" 

:h «^ 



mm 



i 



WHS tmnm. 



ta 



Ipmc Julia> Cmu" cbIM Tervnco & balf MoimiMfeBi 

TIk titbimtiirc oT tlio Ronani wiu mcnJj b miMiqi^ 
■dim nf cbc lit^nUnre of Uic Groohs. TKe |wp«l« 
ttvt^d from ihfr poant aL which llinir mist«iB liod, in 
tli0 coanv of auinf gciwrabom, ftrrired. Tlutf liioi 
•faavft wjiollv iiitMoi) tJitf pehid uT uri^i^l mvcitlkinr 
Tho cmlj^ Liuhi [>wu «wku>v writing «xlubit mtxh 
viigouT of uiuginaiioi) am Lucrviiiiv luid CAtulln*. 
TJi* Atigiolaw 0^ prodootd noUiui^ •qui to tl>«lr 

aad iwitiiTir ooat cnckccAlml more icaiiiu t^in emv citift* 
torod in tbe ntkwn of NimWi or cf Ma^kin* QAoCHn,' 

Xbe p^tcf^ of Italy ftud of Spciii 1ui« umicfgonfi tli« 
ame cliui^ But wiwlH*re W tbo icrolitifan bec«i 
aoM eonofilf^tc vxl VMlrni ih«ii in BngluiH. Tlw 
Mtie perMri> who, w|m«i h Vty, I141I ebpf>«d hi« tlirfll- 
iitff luiii<l« fti il>fl lint mpmoibiikin of Uio Tompctt 
i»i|(hl, wiilKtiit otiftifiiji^ u> 4 narrribiiB loogvrltjTi 
la¥« UvQil tu ivul till! ivriiur u,orkt of Fiiur aDcl A4 
dnon. Th« clianpj. ^^ bcUovo, mtM, *qoi>«r or bior, 
fcfti^ ukon pho«b Biit in prof^rets mnA Acccleral«J, 
■od lU diAnctiQ' ittMlilicd* l>v thr jMilibcil occtirn-naA 
■f llw dRMtt* ttAiI pArbniLiHy hj two ortfinu, tfir f'ln*. 
kji aT tfad tlioatTM nmkr the oommoovrfdllJi, ftnd the 
rMtivniii-^ tf lh(* IIoom? of Stuart. 

Wvb»i«iaiil iluUUwcHUnJflnd poKkd boillim 
«fo mt uiljr dittiuct, l>ui alincat iniDiNnpftli>iko> Tbv 
iiiiif of DOT Utcfftlujv dunng tho rcigm aT Elinboth 
tm4 Jwnm \ho Piral a a tfUiukg coBfiimMtioii of thii 



HI 



JOHN iWTDlPt. 



i 



ifwaaric '111* gnalait miria of iiui^nitiim flutt 
worU htf «v«r Mvti wcro prodoaid At iJi:a i-^i^^ 
The Kutiucul Uut«> m the BCMiUnMa wa« lo ib« lul 

i-iirr <ir vprwIoR kvkhi^ MDployod wbvrv no cxir^_ 

mpaftdin^ opfuiutian «d$tMl betwoen ihe tluiB^*hu ''^'W 

fltmiood i4lggorin>, ^lodaiitic ^omiih, ovcry- 

ifig, im fliorti quint uid ttfi«ci«ci, m mu>rr b4i4 

uuer, noidv op wl»t vru tlieD cumHlenid u liM 

^Kilnif. Th« itoqwrnfa of lh« bftr, the pulfit, mndm 

liftt« dngnced t]ic tii)riiuii||; ilipplNnlp of ao 
IlaEni §ea6tmj, Tb* king^oibbM on tlw tlmbp- 
Wo night, indndt coBiolft Dontlnt kjr raflacdng ibw 
Ifcni auyMty hm a fboJ. Bot Ciia chmcdlor <|ulb1]M 
oancfrt £^ooi iltf' woi>l->vi i iinil tb* ehuKvlIar wm 
'rvttrit B«r<ii». It U nivktlna lu aimttoH SiiliMTf And 
lliu whuia Ihbc of f>iifiliii»t> ; for Sliuki|:if«rv huitcrlf, 

IIm gTMlMl jMMl tilAl CVflT Uvwd, fiJk tUtO tho UQM 

lU vbcnoTcr be iim«m to b« fiuticuUHj Im. 
[IVhik bo abuidoM Iklmavtr u> tiu iiBp«k* of hit im- 
idO, bU aHBpaahiaRi m feoC <Mt]j this *w«etttl 
ikft miMlflibiidDCs but alto ibr mnai fiuihWsv tKftt 
WDorU W «r«r M«n^ Eiut, M aoon W !iii cHiiral ^ 
r|iuii«tii ouine J«to pky, iiv biUw U» tlw lr>rl i>: Cow-^ 
Ivy t or rmtbur ho dot* iU <vliat Cbwtey ilkl wuU. All 
t bad to Ida yrotkx b Ind okbonU'ly, u>d of 
iferalHNight, Tfcc ualj thug wsitinc w buLo 
tkcm fmftci wu, that bo ahovU lutvBr havu tfoiiUv4 
binuilf with tbiddiv wlMber ittvf wen good or nou^ 

UtrariotM fligbu" Hi* ntorml tm^etty n i>^ 

[wmrd^ That I19 ttuiy iMr, it b tmJjr m cawa T j thai hi 

noicimggU 10 UL ii« rvatnUtf an Aiimi> 




JOnS OHTOBE^ S 



M 



nn CftciqaB, wbo. povftsung In unincarand &bun 
fanco tike naei«l« whict m poUshnl lodcciM vq emMaii«d 
ihft mcuC proooua, vru tiiicrly qjicohscioeu of thoiC^ 
n]«tti and ^rt vp trcswroB flion tvluablc than tlio 
imperii] ero«n» of oilier roiuitn«t« bt lecure 
flftMly Mid iu^tcli^d but worthlou bauble, a pbUodj 
button, or * n»-ltliieo of Ci^ouiv<l gl^vi. 

Wii har« atteiuiTted to ihvw ihuU us LriowEu<lK« b 
cxbeDcled «od u tlic rcn»oii dvvdcipvt itvdf, tliu imiltt- 
live tttt dfcfl^< We ihould, tlMrafore, «q>ort iluit tlitt 
romplioo fiT poclry vould oumnivtic'^ b ihe eiluuUvilr 
cluin of oodotjr. Aiid tliiA, in loct, ii »lDtiD«t coi 
ftnnll^ tho CMC T!m few ^^t worhi of imnpnadr^n 
irbifki •ppcftT in ft ailf<nt a^ u^« Almosl witliout c^ 
tcption, ihct wfxkn of imci]t]CAt«] men. Tlitu^at 
tioio wb«n jwrhom uf <^tmIJl> tmri^larvti Fri'iich iti- 
mMiff*. and wbvo tliv uixivi^rutiev cvlcLntvd ruynl 
doUli* ia Ttzvoi about triionn ai:d fauns, a pifnching 
tinJut produetd tho PSgriin'e Erogrus. Awl ilitu • 
filaiigliMiaB atarllcai a gcnomtioa whioli Imd thai^bt 
Haylt^ aod Bf«td<f gn^ jmmtIa, wiih Um «4rcoiivt« 
of Tun O'Stiamer. Evan bi the bttur p&rt d* llii 
reign of filinbech the fvlLionaUo poetry had 
ctalad. It rrlaiii«d fvw vi4tigt« oT the iinagiiMltnn of 
Mflivr timat. It hwl not ;rvt but*n Hulij^cu^l to ib 
raloa of good tastu. Afloctatioai b*d L>iinppiutt4y umU 
MHUgBb and Aonnftn- Tlie groiM>iii» concciis 
ibc ts&deii i]umb«>r« or Donno w«c«i Ia the time 
James tlw Rivirurile modcb of comfkMitiun at Willi 
kail ukI ai Oil* Triiipb'. But, iJuToeli Uui Gterarn 
1/ tl)A Court WA9 in ilji diVAy, tli« |jt«rstUT« of tbe 
pl« waa in iia prrftviion. T^o Moici had taken ftaiif> 
taarj in tlie ilwutrM, (Lb bjointM of a cIm* wboao buca 
not btttt«f ibaa tb^t of ihm Rij^t Uonoumbka ftnd 



Shi 



/ jnm iMiTiMM. 



u1«r SpKiA Lonbi wbn ajmifrd 1n«ll^)hy»cml 
«, bill u-|iai« ima^iislioh ralmiMd bU lU fra 
Tigoar; whoft cMitans uid af^irolmliuii iDiJilit bi 
lootuly bofUiVk-ed, but wIidm Mm and Uu^hlnr 
v^rv iicrvor ia ibv wrongr Tlio itif<(«iuMi wtikch had 
iai[ii«tl I^rle snd rfidactic poMr^ had biti ftUf^iL^ ud 
lartnJIj' Ij>cc1imI lh« dnuna. Whilt ih^ nobU And 
llu* l«un«d w«ffVr eooniiahng ojm in hurTimj;-f;!«iM«, 
«]iil t«Bn to tiiTtttruJ iflobw, ooyttom to an ifwtkjtiiimie, 
lonoe to a pair of compdaaoi, Nnd aii iiiirai|iiitad jiaa- 
luo to tlk« fvrtivth mnaflidor-iaMi bi aQ wlaii, J 
louitn^ from iJio hdcooj, s&d Mirmnda «niUing mrof 
ift «h«iMKnrd, fvnt booio tnanv apc-rtaton, « kind 
id ilmfile-hCBned •* Uie vaster and minrcaa of 
|TlL-trli«r s IU]|Om, Ia ryr dieimdrrri to tlrvp, 

Na vptyriM of firlwiB m j«> cU-IIfchtfiil to IM a« lli* oJci 
Enf*litU drant^ Eren ila inlvTiiM' pradudkinB 

diarm doI lo bu lb«i»d in any oth«r kind of {fovtry. 
k b tJw nKBti liicid mirTor Uiai wf^fr vv Jmld ii|i to 
iCsrv^ Tbc crt«iijiiB of tbr p^nM drunaCirt* of 
lI1i««m ]<roduec llio «fhct ci wagiU&CMii fcalptiviia, 
'eottMdvpd bv B mIfrMy ianaf^ioidoD, polbind whh tke 
ntinovt dnticoc^, tinhtniym^ Hfc4» of infffUiIe auv^ry 
ami bnucy, but «^oJit, fial^, and ri^d, with tiri blnam 
Oa tb» obfvic, and no ^^ulaiiun in ihoo^fiL In ail 
tbe dni|*criei, the iiguria, and Hxi 6^cm, m thv k-vao 
ittd ih« tytafiuu, Uio Bacvhanab and Uw l^ma, dtora 
ia iW iaiBtf nairUe dnQmn aad dmdvMi. Moai <if 
llio daractcn of iba Fnmcli via^ nwtiihU tbv wmxwn 
pBl b i un niid bdio« fai ibo nindnw of 4 perAitiurh 
nn$iA ctarM* and bHnvntd, but fixed in tocti sdff 
■ttitadfi^and ■Urii^w'iih «yc» iMqmMilvad'cuic^ nttvf 
MnwtMii^fbciRS ihat ilvy rvttiAC pnHloM vi illialoa 
Ibr a aingia muntfit- lu di« E£ii^b fUyw «loiiob«a 



I 



roati i^ttnHQi. 



m 



be fMind die "^Ainitb, the mdlownco, and the rvcOllv 

>f puniing- Wc know tho mtr^d* cpf t)tc men ami 

■*.% w« know the fnem of tlie iq<.<ii and wonirot 

TliG ticttflttnc^ of ibiM irorki » m a gr««t iiMiWiinr 
r uTi ^r iw© pwulttritjRi, which lb« criliot of 
i^'h fc4ioal conoddcir &i dc^^ctn, — front tho tnix' 
nirv «f CrogHlv anJ «ini«dy, and from the Icii;>i1i qtiiI 
mWkt of the ftc'JoiL Tho fonncr » ni-otman* r>> ivn* 
dec thcdntain a jittt ivpivtcntaiion of n voi'ld in wliich 
tho bugbcn and iho vcfi|>«n aro i>erpctuaJI^ jrnvlSuji; 
fMch oil>«r,-^m which inr^rr evmit hju its sei4oiii and 
bidMn^OTu Hii«. Tho iaiti*r «i»lil« m to iWm sn htli- 
UBitv snqL^AtutuicQ with L'luumtM^n wiilj wb>ch wu ixKild 
Biot pvAciLIy beconv &iuiiur dcdiisr Iho few htmr* to 
wU^ tb« tuniliM rwtnd tho po«t. In ihw rctipocr, the 
workfl (d* SbAiufmrr, in porttt^nlar, &re mirmrrlcA of Art 
III A piece, vhi<']i mi^ be roul >lciiid m ibmt bauT«, 
W0 0M * ch*ractpr j^radmJir tinlnld all lu r x iao (o 
lUL W«! *M? it chanjtc wkh iIk^ dmnj^ <^ «ircn«- 
«lvi««*. The pBtubnt youth rUn inta tlic polilk And 
nulilQi Kfimn-ii^'n. Tht pivfW uid CHirl^ou* fJiilan- 
thrap&M man into m hAtid* nnd toarwer of his ibid. 
Thff lyram m olionxU bj tho charlvniag of uMialim, 
imo A pcQiiYO taor^iflC. The irecenn pteit^nL diitifi- 
ISokbod hf rwJrvnfl, M^^t^, wnl 4clf-<yHinn*nd, itinlai 
«idor« CADflint b<Ytwc«n hvr<^ fdmni; aft dnuh, Mid jeal> 
•11^ cnicl lA th« fT*^^- '^^ braire jind \iwjk\ vnlijert 
pM*ni, itcfl by ftttfi, to tbo flXtmRitiei fif hamut dn- 
frvrity, Ww tTiurv hb progroM, from iIm* Tnt dAiri>* 
be* iif uMlatwlul ubbJIiuD lo iho (*ymcii1 mu^ixicbtd* of 
Ul iiDpi-fUluiit rTTQCina& Yi.'i^inctiw piece*, UmnMira 
■• minamml imniitloot. Nothing in osittttod : nothuig 
m ctovrdfid. Gn«t lu on.* tb^ chin^os, uiTDir ai it 



H6 



JOIfV DltTPXS. 



tWl 



tli'jck Hi M llltle M tlitf pwhul DltCTKiinm of 
fbouliar &c« trhich «« mw vwry Qv«ning And 
mondng. The ■igtcoJ vkill «f tlie poet r«*anUci t 
cf tliL' Dcrriw in llic ^[WcUlor, vrlw oonJeoMil all ibe 
•TCditi or ftTTon jt^tn into th* nKngU monHnt ■fining 
which cJie kin^ held hU hnd under th« ««Mr, 

Ic ii dim-rritig of rvmu-L, Ui4t, «t tJba Ubm of w 
vw fl'^'^. thv p^jn cTCTi i>f innii not omiDondjr 
gubbtfd bj gvnitu, ^ «iii:}i, fur «iuniplt% i» Joouof 
wctv Ikr fuiwrior Uj the b«it wvrlu of tmgiiulioii in 
vtiicr liofATlxnontv. Tficvolbro, though W9 cociodm 
dul* iVom omsM vhkU w« h^vc slrMilf Emraii^fatod* 
flnr fioelty iimi4 nocoacuil^ ttavr tlocHMdr Wtt thank 
ihM. iinleiB iu bt« had hv-^u lur^UrtWd I7 «xti*mal 
iUvb, ic tniglil ha^^* «njowd ui cirtlidiiMKa^ that s^niv 
night liavc hwii kvpt ■}!¥« by the ilnm* till it* plan: 
could, iu 4o<iw ihgrae, h« wppliBd by ta»t«a — chit 
iheru wuuld htve been Mttrvoty tuty iol«rviO hocwem 
the 1^ of mbtinto mvcncion aad ihftt nT agreMbli 
Mai^. The worl3 of ShAbpAuv, wliidi ir«r« no< 
omvAnMed with any tk^rvo of jiMctio* hilb<m tK# mid' 
dU of ihr nigfilornth cpcttinr, might Ihvn haw been 
the ncogrti*^ *Ui>dinls of uicWJraco thirinfp the latti 
pMTt of the ■c ^t aii e ro th ; cuiJ be umI the ^naM tiJija 
boU»n writS9 miglit hare been altnoet inuMduitety 
•nccvoded by a geoention of poeta sumlar to those ttbe 
ftdoni flor owtt tinin. 

But the Puriiuifi drove SmeftBttloQ frm lc4 b«t 
wylnm. Tbev pnhlbit«d th^tttrinl T«fiiv«t-«tatt 
%ii i alt^natiM th« vholo rvn M drunall«U •■ i-t» 
tif inrtniJjty and rdiKSeo^ Much thai t« o^MCi4n»bkt 
may he Ibund in the writers when th«y ra|irvbat>edt 
biil wlictlwr they took tb« h««t ueMOiw Ar etoppivf 



e 



J 



JOOX DHTDCK. 



Ul 



III* tril appwre lo u« «wy iSuubinil, tnd MiWft, ir« 
(tiivL. hjir« ft|ipwred ilovblfal to Uvhuh^tcs^ wlicn, 
tftvr tbe lapw of a fcir j-oats chcy «v tli9 lUicfaon 
iftirit whoiD Uiej hai cut ottt r«tum to U* old )uWQta> 
villi MV0» odii!n fgiUor iktm btcudf 

Bjr tli0 cxtinctkin ot tivt drama, Ihft &Ahi«inilkli- 
•dbooE of pofUy, — % Aclionl wlUioot Intth of Mmtiiumr 
ttr h«niianj ul^ Yc^ifii-iitiuii, — tfiUiout the ponrvn *Jt 
an «nlwr, or tlic corrvrtJLcu ui" a Iftt«r ngg, — ww Mt 
lOQOJoy tindapQlAi ibfc«B(liiDCj. A vicImu ti^auaij, 
ft nurbid qnicknen to pcnmvs raMmbtatuMB ftnd uioJ* 
wgjoc bttirom things ^lparand)' bfttwogviMOiM, ootuil- 
i«Md aJEaoai ItA udIjt cLuni u admlrmdoct. SDukltn^ 
<ru ikod. Milton vm «b«or1wd in poGtirftl And iIimh 
lufpcftt contrnvt^n^. if W»IW ififfif^ from th# C©w^- 
Ifiin ««ut ofvtil^rs li«difl^rvii fbrtbtf worv^< U« liul 
u little pootfy u IfwTi uhl maeh kai wit ; nor b tliu 
hwgDor of Eui TvnM Ivh o0«n<iv# tlun ilw nigg«<dmai 
«f tbcdiv. In D«3)Mni nlimv Ui« &iBl dnvm oT ft lM>tt«r 
n>anit«r vnn dnocmibU. 

B(U« luv u wju itw fltate of our jtoMr/ duriqg tW 
rml WftT tfkii iht; i'rotorloifmto, • atUI ilcopfv Inll wn^ fti 
hunt Hitherto ortT \ilr.ntam hnd br«A iffiiKnAlic In 
UumI fla in «ilv«liun we bail Ut«ni iftljintl^ra, Tbe ratv^ 
lalioiM in onr Cvtc* lil^ tJic rvrolvLtioiw in our go^ 
•mnonif had basn Milliod wiUiQUt th« int«Tfff«iic« of 
tUuniim. Udd tU» $Xai& of iluaga co«tInu«d, tlie 
mja» joil piindplc* of rcdMnIng i^Idi* ftbovt tliii 
mo* mre ftpplwd with uiippecotleniod mocvn to t!V*r^ 
pirt «f pUkwfillj wmild aoon bwrQ cDoiliiiTtod omr 
anetnUtfH lo » noundcf mdo r/ nritkMi. Tbcre mjv 
Ufv*dj Mronff •■K^it o^ iiaprovMoenl^ Otir prow hud 
»l lcii(£lb wari«d it«elf clear frotn tbu«v quftint <yinc«iti 
vlitdi idll Mbcnwd mhmott orvrjr iMUica] cmnpodtkm 



■ 



118 



JDm VHTftaL 



J 



tunfl 



Tbit parliJjiin;t«rv ticlnUv, vid tlw (HplooMlk ct:fi« 
lisuM of Ut>t owniiUI i^riod, b»J ooiiUibuit<4 
to thu fvPonii. Jd Mirli biuUuii; l£i»^ it if«i 

[xbevltitcJj necoMBTj Co trpcak nnd wHm (o the |iiir|>QflML 
The abrnnKDn» of Puritanua WL pcriia|3«, ikw ni'irr, 

rAi the lime whem tktt<xiiOu« »iy]«, nliicb defermn thf 
wtiiinic* t4^ lloll coiil of Lord fWun, wm ftlnuni nn*. 
f«c««l, luiiJ a|>}>c«rt>d iJlai iiujicBdoiu wiHrk, th* Eti;>lihU 

[d^iblvt— a buok inllid^ if evurjUnng vIm iti oor lui- 

|.gua^ shualiJ pfTkfa, ifoM tdotm mfBce 1o ihuir Ow 
wiu^in axlmit of ic* hmmtj aad iKiwvr- Tlio iwfwt 
wlikli 1^ Mntl«to» Ml tor tlw oripnaU pravc«ewl 

^■ffaoni from adilliig uj of tho hkJwMi df<«rati«is tftcn 
in flL»hkm. Tbe f?x>iiBd-«oHE of tlio nmon, i&cieftJi 
w«A of an ««Hiff Bgc. Hie nunilkHtjr with wUch 
'urilans <m aAmttmt ovcnr of oukm, wrd the Scnpii 
<pbr«Mft ITU nd doubt v^rrj' ridicahM*; b«t it pMdao«4 
pwd vfltfdi* It iTMM % cnnl ; but it diw uvt « curt 

:fcr i»ara oAindtv. 

Th« hl|;bi4t ktnd otf" |Jogary U, tn n grat mviMiiv^ 

[liMLcpcMlcBt of thorns drcomUonB wkidi rv^^ubt* ibo 
tfjlc of 0£«i|MMtkn in prote. But with that mfh^or 
M^m of poatiy which »ncc«ed» to tt tho cmo i« wUfly 

IC In « few jous ibu jcuod nt^oB and ipwdfl 
.tMie wliidi h«d wewtod out BfibctBtion tnum mormi vid^ 
fiUilMl lnBlkSi« wouki, in iho Bilund «?i>an« uf ihfn)-K, 
'bo^u WTvilcd a Miultr rviuvm in ihv omiM* and tlN» 

.ftdvL 'Ibo rig|0iur of ibe rictorion MCtorioi LmI r»- 
iii«d. A. tkmhwt nligioci ta nuTfr aac«iip< TW 
i«it coftikirvd ftt tbcoiricftl tvpravfitfttioibi. 
■Tbo inlln«ico of ShaJtr^iraro ww one* «io«« foil- Bui 
^lur dajfl wvra apfiroacblafr A ftnapi yofc* wat 
Uk bo hnpoawl on our. literitan. Oliftri4ai| mrroinuM 
^.Ibt CBopUMM of h« long o3t^ tBtnnwd to gBnm%. 




JOHN DBVDM. 



m9 



• nation which ou^l ■er«r to Knv^ cnM him oat or 
npvtr Ut hmire TtrvivtA bans bnf^k. Rvory v«r *phicb 
ho bud pftiMMl unnng tf mnprr* hA^I m^iVn«] h\m vai^ff 
(infil to rule hn oouattym^ii. I* ITmicp Im* haA H*fn 
the ivGrnctorv m^fcvtncy bumbled. wmI rD}-t] prc^o^*- 
Iti'Ut tboo^ti uxvrcmvl by a fum^ |irk«t m l1w tiniM 
L>r a diiki, vic'.oriuns (>T<rrttU oppcAiii<uu Hxln Tf>ort«- 
do nuiiu:^:/ trmttfiiHl * ptincc Ut whoic Ciniily xht 
oppCtfilion of P.ari^amriitJi bftjl tw^i a^ ftttL J*olili> 
na» ttwd bis fcoliiaiy jr^ quality. The Imultn wbti?}! 
ih* kftd niffcro) in j^^wdand k*(l Un^ht 1iim 1o jirra^ it- 
Til* olTvrminary and apaOiy <if h\* ifi^ft^rtTTi'^m firtnl 
bnn 1o «icel m it. Tb« el«{Emnoo and vrvadlr of the 
ftllh iiianntn bnanalcil Itun, Willi ibv f»!itMI 
wocbia ami iliv »oaal lttbfl« or Ul? rHvwmiip {w>|4«, 
he adopfted thw twtv in compoaition, antl. wli^ nvt^rl 
an tbo tlinBo, kod mniloinMl if RiaTitnnftble, ptrthr by 
dirv<et patraaa^ biit tdUl mon b^ l)i*t roqiti>mfitnito 
ptAtey whifb, for r ttmo, madR KnjtUnrl tbit b!it of 
iba nalSon^ and nnind l^^otiM iTm Fo<trfn-Mt)t tn a 
hnghl oi powra&d funVf «iirb at no tWorh viV^n*ign 
had ffrar bcfon aluin«L 

It WM to pJm« Clmrtv tfaal rhyn« wntt fh«t ifitro- 
duccd tiU0 our f Juvfc Tliva, & rionj^ bloiY« wliioli 
«<iii]d at any time baw bccii mnnnl. w^ dcnit to tbe 
KtigUi Drama, tbtfi jwt rptovi^n^ from its fingsifh- 
infi «ot^it*on. T«ro deiMUbIb niann^fs, ih^ Indlgf^ 
•(UaaiM] ibe imporlttl, wtm tunr in n «tat(? of allrmate 
ivnflfeland amalg^tatinn. The Iwi«vi1xi*(i(^ m^mTirm 
c4' ibe oaw oMe trm btended ^Ui tbe uiffcmioiit atx 
ly of the old; and tho tnixtur? ^irodi*r<f<t «mii<v 
wfakb tha vrmlii Itad Er«v«r ti«dbr« x-fui, ftnd 
•hieh« va<bop«. UwiU norer a«e again, — lOKHrihhig^ 
7T tlw ladc oif vhkh tba wont nfirK«!ii9c of ftH oibof 



tfO 



JOUK nHTDOI. 




(w *PPW to a(lv>Btftg«, — MMiDllaii^ vhidi thoM 
■ bo kiT« atunptiid t4i cttrio»tur« it bir«» aem^ 
rir will, bcvn Tofoed to flAttcr,^ of winch tho trvf^ 
Hty of Bjqtm i» a mj fiivoanbUk i^xniiMii. WbM 
Li^i-il IXmci obMrred to Edwu4 Howurd islehl hsv« 
Won wUrntvd la alm«t ftll hk CDtitfrnifHirsriaa i — 

- A< iVilfiii ii;T«a ttibi Mu» ikJl 

m, In tlilaTBi^DfwMlBg *1ihoui tliM^L^ 

TlkUU bHi 4 mLl(« ftta«l|Ej 111 •lititUf " 

From lliM rcpnMwh unui ci«Tcr iw^ oT th« «xirld 
mu«t be 03C(;«|>t«4li ftiid uuong Hum Drnvt li tm ill f . 
Tiiouf^h by no mcoru graU pMtf, or ercn good v«nrf- 
fik^iv, tlioy ftlwATi wroto irith nuofun^, nod foaMiNiai 
liltli vou NoiUng indood voto fltraogty aIiowi to 
wlini a nuMmUe uMt liunture Ind fiBm, Umii th* 
tionMnw mptnantj vhich dtt oocaMial HiyOM*, 
canduttly Uintwn i:'ii p«L|i«- bj nKn of lUi «4aM, p» 
MM i^rcr titc «Ubonte prmlucUooi of alnivt dl tW 
iwoftnod KuUton. Tint nlgniiig tvl* w m bttd« 
diftt tbo mcoM (^ u wrii« wv m iarcfM p^apo rtb w 
to hk bbotir. and to Im dcBro cd* axcaBowt^ An 
txcopCM mu«t b« uwiii Car fiotkr, whs had w Awh 
wtt ami lotmiikg b4 Ca«l«j. and wbn knew, whit 
Convlcr ncrtr knmw, bow to nv Ihom. A gnat cmi^ 
iiunil o' i^od luxariy Bo^ghth dtftia^bhca him Mill 
more fn^m Uio utW wrtUv* *jf Iho tivie. Aj for Uon* 
diboit, tiioaa nay czitioM it niio can n«d it. Imafi 
uUm vw aitincL Tatfo was ilvpravod. P«rtiv; 
JffrvQ Ihn palacw, ««llc|:ai, and OicatKA, had fatml 
an atylon in iho ohMsare dwelling wliac a Greal 
Uan, bom oul of dua aovon, ia dilgtaoB, jwuarr 
pafai, and UtixlMMt idll kept ttMODttahatad 
icivr and a gnuoa worthy of b Uittcar agib 



JOBS DBTDCV. 



851 



EvvrytbiJi^ ab^ut Mihva m wcaiderful ; Imt nolUinu 
y vn wontkdul u lliat, in un n^ lo im^vuumblo tc 
fO«</3r, bo flliosM b«TC prDdncod ^ grviieic of luMinn 
VfiSe poanj^ We ire not sure lint tJib is noi in aanm 
degree to be aitriliutrd to bU rant of sg'hi- The 
imn^iution U iiolrhoiLi^j Dbc«t ndi^ wben ihc: (<xiri« 
noI world isifaut out. In ileep its UtuftMHu are f«r 
fuct. Tbov prodqce «]] tiiQ vSect oF nsditkrs. In 
darknOA ju viAicins tm lilwayt uxm dittini;t tJivi in 
Uio Kgbt- Erury {<CRiga wbu antusev liuuicir rilk 
wjioi U r&Il4i(l IfiuMing cftilks in tbo oir nrait hava 
«ip«fiefkoed iliif. We know anto wtio, bdbra tliojr 
Rttempt to <tnw e tiMe ^xrm mtmutry, dove their eyes, 
Uttl tbi^ m^ recall a mnrir fwtfnei imagr of di« ic^ 
tqrea anil the exprvni<gi. W«> nt>- lh«refer« ijidtiwd 
to belivT^ thai tiro fcniua of MitUni may liarc b«UQ 
|inavrroO fnim t|i« uiUdoiii^o of tinw* w imGivo«nililtf 
to it faj Ilk ififirtniix- Be this Ae it &ui/, h^ wgrite it 
Knt enjoyed a vt-ry ttnall ahare cT poj^ukrity. To be 
L«!glc«(cd b^ hsi cootecDporanei wa» the prwkliy whMi 
be paid for iarpM<iB|( Uiem. Hie i^revt youm unis not 
gcnanll^ ntndinl <jr admirivl till vriicin lar inferior 
lo him hftl, by olM^tigiontljr crJn^in^ Ui llio public 
tMtu> acqiutvd tolficieiil farour to rvfbnu it. 

Of tbeae, Drydan vai tbu nual cnuTwnt. AnudM 
tbe crowd of aalbon wbo. dunn^ Uie aaHI^r yottn of 
CJiarlifl tbc Second, courted iwlorietj by eteay specieB 
of sbfordity »nd ttfibcttdon, lie apccNiUjr bcGMsn co>- 
i^ifrnous. No mu eaccrcUod so niicli iitfluunro en the 
1^, Tht reamn la obrioan. On no nab did tbe Age 
rcercctfT no anu«h Jn^op^rn. Ur- w&« perfaapa tbe 
ijeateat of tJi<«e witom wu hav^ dr<9i)^iai^] lu i)io critj- 
eel poc4«; and bii Ut-rmry dtrecr eElubii«d, on a r^ 
dr«»d icale, tlw wbvle butoiy of tbo ediool to vhkJi 



^ 





sa^utrVt — ibu pnrpnctvt tli» j^mro, tliv dI;^iKfd r?<>^4H 
KnMw tbb IcmprnM spkndottr of lU nuiiurit;r- UwH 
imAgifUttbvk vrcu birpIH, litt &t wm Avrak^iiril tijr hk 

VLlimi, lb* gr»^iir of t(i» tnor>ili<t, iHa rapturo of 
Ivnc (toei. Tbe n^rottitioQ tl;^1n^£h wbirh Kii|;lc»lf 
lilrniiarv ht» bwn pni«in^, from the tkne of C^vwloj 
to ^41 dd' Sfxttt, Bsj ba «o«a In mbbtora wttlifn 
i-ntii]^40 uf hiU rohiino. 

Hit lifn dividfH imrlf into twi^ parte. Tftoro « ionw 
dtfbttubls gr<mqtd tm tlm rommi^it frontier; bat Uh 
Itne nvy be tirmwn wilIi totenbl* Accumcf . T^e jfrar 
ll^TS i« ihu on wbkh w« nlwnLM b« ineliniiil to fix •• 
di*dita gd*!! ):;rv4t di&ii^ in \vb piimvr. l>iirln|t ibv 
pncadang putiod ^ppt-nrvd hmbu »f bt< coorthr f«n» 
gym*. — lib Awnu Mir^bilis, and tn«M of tiU P^'T*' 
indfcd, til bb rfaymintt in^vdK«. Ta die mibseii 
period belong hU b«M dmwii^— ^AR l^r l^ve, 
Spmiib Priar* ud 8«tttritkn, — Ms niitm, hh travula- 
tioaui^ bid diiUnic poons, fab iibA(«, and hift odeai 

C^r ih«r ttnll piBOM wfakfa warv prvt^nbfd 14 vkm- 
ralbn aail firiiK«n U urouM tcufr^f bv lair lo rfif«k4 
Thti i^si^kwt odrantaire wbMi ih^ Kltnr Art* HrriTo 
tr^im thn vnt'^ilo'n of kiMwMgo I*, ibut iht^ |>niT^^n»;-o 
of xniiiTidnab becomes nnnocMSarv. Soint.' wrftrn vtr 
alfcrt to mgrfrt tli« ag« of paininagp- NoaA liot I 
wtii«rH bant iv«m» to tvf^i H. U k ahrsnt an «f^ 
of |t«f«al ijpM rafc CT^. Wbfco frn ihontand n^a4tn 
an * La y n r far tlii* apfaaraitnojof a book* a «nul1 
tratloQ fraea «iBc4i inak«a up a aplmdld r»ifiiin*i«ti 
fir llio audior. Wltvj« IH^vatura u a IvTBrr, 
fofcr, aaehaf tbun uiul pay Ingti. ir th« Enpan' 



aoi 






31 



11 fvtntri^^ 
■imatiiMdl 




JDUSt UkTiit:t. 



U$ 



unit hava ivitolU HipfXVtJid tb» po«4 ; — juU lui, isi a 
rvouoU coaiLtrj villi^ # iuaa wIm wsnU a muiloii- 
cbop is eoicctiiacA forced to uLo tbe wbolc thccp ', — 
t ibitig whidt iwrvor happoiw vrbt^n: ilw drmand il 
hi^ But men wHci pay Vftq^lj for th« ^ntifiaiti<ni 
if their bdtA will cKpt-ot to K^rr it uniEi*il wilJi ioai« 
Undificalioii lo Uiuir TanilV' FbtUriy U cnrncd to ft 
4tt|fl>«l«w «aiuiiti uitd itiu hibrt of QuU**!^ aloirjU in- 
trriiabfy intnHhicui a fiibsv twtv into cocn)io«JtJDn- Iti 
Uagm.gci il iBftdv tip of hyp«Hh4kal (?iHniiko{>-pfdtfw, — 
gOiiidT« flron tbi£r tritontt*,— utiU moru offbui^ 
ftiQfit diuir «xmv«^d»c«. In no itcfion) it thi-. rrr4t 
of «ro«tcpfniig th« nioJMly of n«titn? m sjiontHjr k- 
i|and> Tb6 wnCtr, iiiN*ujitoinf<j ia Bad cx^gp^onrtioo 
iiacept«bta nml m«A»i«ry oct AHf* ii^d^^ iih-« it oii ili 
Il it Qot alrvk^T tlMrvfur^i tliat tlw ivsiily fomv^vriL-nl 
fUfKi <jf Dryilein ibQulct bu nuu^f! up oF inotnnuM And 
fanlmat' 'rbiy abcninil with thv omic^'u whifili hU 
iaaaihuito j>ivdiiOi»»«rd Ittid brmi^'Ut ititJi fjviluon^ But 
kk langvuge tnd ha vt-rftHcaiion were nlrcody ftr 
Mficriot- to ihcirV 

Tbe Anitu't MinbiKs Hhovd jpiynt <v>mnun<3 ftt <Ct- 
fvidnion, ftXkd a fitio «r fo* h^niw riymr. t1<*T il< 
Mtriu «qi«i. Koi only ]n« jl no c^laini 1<> 1w ralM 
|i»llT< t^^ *1 cucaiw to bo ihv work ^-f o man trhtt 
QoaU tistflTt l^y any pcioiibUity, write p^Hry. Jti 
dfacUd «SbU« wn tAe btti t<krt of ft. Oftudy vvodi 
■MBitt A mmr^ onoovrapug ■p^taclc than ultcr lor*' 
WUiiMi. Thenr b «cArtyVy A fln^ ntnnm lit thti Ion;; 
wtffh lo vhifh ihfi SnAt^riutton *^*nu lo Kav^ coiw 
it^UiA Bnything. It u pnjihiiCi^ not hy rrMtion, hnt 
tav ooDitmciiutt' It h niwle V|s w*i "f irif^ttim, hoi 
tf ^Mbnuom Wo will pvu n lisigjc iwuii«v, u>4 



tf^ 



B54 MIDf MtVPRIt. 

Jiihntcn Im jiraMi Drj^taa m <ieKvUii<^ lit* 
^ghk wok the Ihitch, — 

ftil nnr Tir iri irTii ^i^ mm T 




in tbc Ht^mtiob of ibo ■nfleron or the tpcctmXon, Hi* 
umtion oajj^lu to prodoco fvvtmp tinulur u» ikM«| 
wyck vfMilil bocxdlieill>y lltecTttititA^ b litis 
CMB hwv? WIki, in A tfft'fight, ever Ihoun^ of 
prroe of till? cKiBA wlMch beiiiii out the bimki* of 
ftukr; or of iko odour of Uiv >plinln' wfaicb 
btf iHg? U is ttot b^ ID act of the BDagwatiom u 
ooM ciJGoiE 1^1 ili« w«iM Won Uia Uitariur «7«« but 
by punJal oMcUtetioo. — br tuniin^ tbe oulgMt nMOKl 
•nd ronml, — by tradng o«t &cu into rtmoM raoio- 
^aenass^ — Uut Uieao i&congniMii lofiioa an bitrodooni 
Dto ibft dMcripika. UouMr, it u tmo, p^qMUully 
«ai «pUbol« wUirJ) an i»t pacQtkrlj «{ipmprato,i 
.cbiDw b tbo ■wiA^foofed, wlicn bo ■ Hitti(i|C BtilL 
JlyvN H Uia ■KKb-ottduriiitE, vlicn be bn noditng 
to ctidure^ Evorj a|ww c»tt * km^ tbackrw, tf-rvrj 
ox lutf ocookcd boviw, and evccy irouMi k bigh tiotcoi, 
ibonnk Ibcw; |i«tiinik» may bft q[iul« bcwd n Uio pur- 
|>o*^ In our dd bdbds ft nmikr pffKtvc* pnvvU* 
TJw £oU u ftlwftjs ittd* and tlw lvli«« alwmyt fpyt 
Ikou^b iMihtftg whAlernr tftay dqicftel on the hm of 
lb* golil, or Ibn Unijicr of ibe Ums. But Umo k^ 
jo«livo> ftn in«m ciivUiiauy addfilioaf. 'nii.<y nwrga^ 
kk tlw •ubsUnliTt* lo wkicli UiL-y uo Attacbod. 
A^y Bt aU cutcFur Uw hU», k n wiUi 4 linpi to »lt| 
■a w no fwpuct tu flUor tbe guMnd efibcL En 



TOOK r»svnBaf. 



ftofi 



■Umtioit to liiemtelrok, aad duoolire the ima^ of th« 
bttUk in a iwoiowit. 'Hic whnJ« po<cn rt'iniTii^* lu uf 
l.twait. ftu'l of tbu woE>t |mrl« uf l.ucu}, — ibv «'«' 
og)ai xn tliQ Uay of MmwMcb, (or 4?x«tnplu> Tba 
iHcrlpdoB of ibft mo UnAk dnriag tli« ni^t U pvr- 
k^ Uiu onlj paauf?-' ithich on^ to Ik ox«*pn|)4Ht 
from thk eetuore. If U w» frntn th« AnTkus Minlilb 
ibil Milton f«nMrd lib opioiofi, whm bo prrondonciTd 
Dt}^<Imi ■ fp^<tA rhrner baS dd poet^ fie rprtniiilr 
jad|7tl corrrcily- But Dryrlim nam, ni mr hnfo >mt|, 
rniv t^tltiw; VTilM> ill wbum Ui« jit^rvxl of iraginatkia 
live* m4 prvcHks but fgUvw* liw |i«rio<l «f oIwijUjuiv 
«iij rvBactioti, 

ifi< pbjs, hli rfajmin;; plays in p&rtknlar, are od- 
akAbk •ufcJAf tA for iboM wlio with to ttwly il-e morbid 
natomy ^ the druna. H^ w«j ottrrly i^i^iiiiit^ nf 
ibo power «f fibibtljiif; raJ httnuiri bviTij^s. Kmi in 
tlift ftir inlism bUcnt of coxnpfinng cliftnurirn out of 
llioM ilttlscnU into wfUich lJi« oiipfrfott prroocM of ouf 
naiMi i^aii renlre tliem, he wja very t\vfit:itsni, Hn 
mtn UFt not qtoa goud pi^nuiufintdooa ; thvj nrv no< 
vmilHnMrMd ttfimnhli|Tir of ^utdUtM, Nowr and llicn. 
miU lJt 1m wbda a V4*nr cvanu And nuri(ur| dzlin^iovi, 
«nd gm» Qi, n«t « likrimciT bnt a iitmcig rjHciUun^ 
n wllbrii a nngia |vrii1iwUy i« in'AlnadMl, aikd ttvarv' 
thing «1m n<^{l»c6»d; likr tko Uan|uiA oFtiranby ataa 
vn»4h»nr, whom wtr kiufw lij nothing btti bii huldmai ; 
IV Wtjh««, wlu) » Wdkva ocUy in hi« »i|uiat. IVwan 
bv beat ^ivciiivau of lie kVUJ. i^gr iQi>«^ of hi» [do 
iKTw •oBOk, Kfco Turkay carpccv m bavq ba-n ^spRwIy 
dM^cncd nM 10 NMOiblo anything in the hcaTcnt abow, 
ft ibe f«rtk bcfioath, ir in tKo vaien uiuiar LUc oarllu 



3&0 



Jcn-iirMik 



'Hi* Ultcrr loamivc lie pntriiMn moat baqoFiiiiy is< 
' hb tngtfdioi, Uw RviDor iB Iiu ooHi«eU<K> Tiw conk 
[•t«wun» tfv, wtihoQt Dkijitaro, luatlwoiiM ftnd d«pi 
^nlilCi Tbe men of Elbeivgo and ViuUiruj^ nrt huA 
immi^ ThMtt of Scnnllctt vn pvrtiAfa wonc. Bol 
'dipy do not appnadt to tbf Olmlrin, \ht VfilStUnAif 
the W'todolU, artd tke RhodophiU oT Dr}-dn» Tbi 
tW^ of tlxtt* la*t *ra Mi off bjr » ootUmb fivrc^ I»i4 
tpnilMsrv, to wiikli wv know votliinfE cotit]»nU«t 
TliiTir lovo if tlKsMffptcitvof b«B«ti; ili«r friQB^ilii|k tiw 
OHiMiKmcv or kiMfvsi^ Hu ladhtt mmu lu bar* bcm 
tij cttfitod to fbnn hdps Moot for mdi ^ndls- 
In decdrinf and mniliin^ tbw oU ftibora 
luiy do not pocfaapt azcsod tli« Unnw frbfrh, hr !■»- 

pnArriptian, ha* b«rb nlloTrd to hennjMi, 
Bui iJw^ abio dMttl at r&rd«, rob Mn^nf; boua, put op 

ibatr faroun lo auctiuD, Wliaj tbsr fritmk, abuM 
ar riiab in tin Mria of fiiUmgifptto, and intito ibnr 

[larfn in tlw langn^ of dw Km. TIiom^ ii wmM 
bo noMubereiL an not tbe nk4« and arakJaft-wuiuiB, 
ibr Maicarilkv and Neriatt. bni ibe roecfai^d batwa 
nd liaroiiiMi, wbo apfmr w tbr icfiwwBUliTVa <if 

-j^uoil aorwhr, and vlio, at iKa ««d of tbe Mb aci* 
nbarrv aiid fire rvrv bappfi/ efvr alW. Tho m»* 
amliiTt ha>wii!ai, and ataliea of tkair taiham m iia* 

^p tlu ni u iad bjT anv ifvality «f a £narant dncr^itinn» — 
hr ail/ (oucb tk innibtaak, — iv avtn by anv lajntf 
baiv< Iff bfartj haind aad nma^ga. Wc aiv {■ a 
«hiM wWv tbcn i« no htnnaM^t no Tcmuaiy* as 
•mw oT fthama, — a worid lor wbidi anjr gw>d ■aliirwl 

[«iaji voaM uMiv taka bi axcbaaf^ tbo aockqr d# 

N^ihoo'* dovib. But, aa aoock aa we vaftar iba rqp'iCi 
Trafiodv, wo fls)d a (^tmI chan^ Tbara k ai 



tt 



ri 



MfHXl DRTDCN. 



851 



tn uiundaccd to pecf 1« «lto»c [>rootC4lkngi m ^tji 
Irarr tA no iDodvtt — of wfr^w fivlin^ w*** cm fonn 
n-j moce Um tkia of a Mi*h vni^ _ \Vt Imvc Icfl « 
Etfe of creatMro!*, wbcHo lor^ U m dMioatc ftiid kKx-o* 

Imtlv. We ftuU ^irMlrv ajwHig bwngR, whuw Imo 

ing Ui pa^vc &bc(1I':ncc, — u roli^on* ^Q llt^i of ih« 

VnlctiiU, tux*Qpponc<l by uny vuiotion <jf )io|)u tir foAr. 
^e MO nothing but dr^patiun without j^owcr, and 
Wc wiU give K lew iIuU»<^a- la AnroifCEf be. An* 
nmti'., ^otvfibor of Agr^ lullt ui lov« wlih hi* irnMOrr 
IndnD^'ra^ She rviw:U liit tuit uiih «cg«u i but mbotm 
liun Uvil tbv kludJ nulv grcal hm ci hur |K>wor c'vrr 
Unk llo ihmtoBi to be ukgry, Sh« muwtnt vory 

Kmi^^ vftAt ftnr I luvv your aiU Io I'Diid, 

11 no iiQi^ inen&aa. 8]io poem bnnj^ & ktter id- 

ti> Itis ri taI, ** orden bim b> rt«d it, — mJu him 

latbifr h» Uiuiki it vufficfipntly iMidor, — «e>d fittftllj 

1(1* hiin b> otTTj It hiiiutfUI Such tjnuinjr m 

tt>, it MUjp b^ tlton^bi, trmM jiutifv rauttmce. Ari- 

.4ott u>di>e<l TflDtaro w romoiuuiiio ; — 

AAiwcr of ibc; Udy b iiiroii\pwr»bIo ; — 

Th Ibw J(« vahI 4liC7 Di. tnt cr Mb 




MMa MtVMSC 



B9 



Poor AfiiBaal §tmu^h^<4 llio muvio c^iinionu H« 
ttcrt MiiNdtixiK ftbuDl &ic «zkI Crtt*-niU, and vflllcf 

In tho IjEuUftn &in|ivr«ir> Mmucmam pnMnu A^ 
lULoriA witli a garland at > token of lin Uiwh on<i cft:vii 
Iv rnake h«r faU qifeMtt. S1i« rqJicM ; — 

* I ukn ttk j^tad, pr:« « glwm by ; t*! 

Tr '* * "** J— I - — *' linL rn»^*BH 

III rotom Inr «ncli prooft oT i^ndcTiMM u Uum, b« 
•dmirer cvimfentt u> mnrdcrr hu two Mns ftitil i bin^ 
Ui irliaro br fcclf the vrmrmnt ^titu^lu. Ljuda- 

loAj toco with Abil«JuieZ«cli. H« com^^Ulru UiAt kIim 
nMl«» ujHjn bb nvil. 

niK, xWb 7«v K*^^ T**' ^'t* riv IH'T Ukal |«*fb 
n hM }«■« 1^ lU *Wl b nr IbL 

Th«t itkMC iiMMf^n vioUb« all klMerlcal impriK/t 
that Htitini^nta to which nothing ^railar wa» cT«r cvm 
aflbctod cu^ccpl liy tbv cai'alWr* of Eurc>|«> an tmi^^ 
jilevred Co UvaIcu miJ A^^ra, i* a ligbt acctwuioti. W^H 
b*ri» no oh^tMoi ti> a co<irQiCi>gnid wocld. aa Illj-riaa 
l^pmittn, or a Dobtmian Mft-j-ort. Wlulo i^ £ico> 
gooj, WG rarv little about tbe bacI-^;n>iniiL SU Jtv^i 
Kcynnldi taji tiiBt thr curtalfu ainl liaii^n^ in a hu 
tonca] palrtuig ought to W« aot tHvc'I or rouoo* 
ttwtalf drnptrrj. Ttio vmr principle nhiNftli bo ajiplbrd 
,1^ povttjr MXtd rcmiaooL Th« trulli of t;iianict47 U tha 
'8r«lob}«Qt; lW trutb uT plan and tioio ii to b« cod- 
^dcnd <mij m Ura aecuail pUco. Pnff tiniwti' co«li) 
Irfl Iba Mtoi Ui tan out hk tM»T and romud lun that 




i 



t 



iowr Dmwx. 



«6I 



K*«i><r fUllon «^>i a grwl duicor- W» vrUh tl'.^l, in 
uur Eivrti limvt a wxiUf of iL vury dtllcrvTil uniur fix^ni 
Pntf had noc too oflcn brgouon hmutn lUtvra in tl]« 

■ Wtt blsiDL' I>rT<lL*n, not bcraitic tho pcrvina of Ul 

^^^siniu ;irc not hlocn or Am«nr«nH, but Ihwiui^ dinj 
^^B svA mm anil voravn ; — not l»?ckiiti« lord, mcli A9 lie 
^R|irwni» xt> coold not «KiKt iti a Itarmn or in a «ii^ 
wrara, b«t bocauwr it co«sbJ not exlut Aa^'whcira. A* m 
Uiel;fv«tirhi> lavtDU, ttucli an oil tlitir othcc tsnioliupi. 
All ibcnr <|Vilii]'DA, thwr covmi^ dioir gimvrontjr. tKffir 
pridii, arv on dk» ainiQ co1o«al ^Milck Jusiko ftml pni- 
dietictt An rirtuea wViidi can c%\t>t otxir in a mixlefate 
drgpWi aiwl wliioli i^hnngo t}i*"ir i^alncv arnl th«ir nam* 
tf ptulubd li» t-2cvu. Ufjuiijoe and i^uduno^ lltcT^ 
lore, XJrydt^ kara b» faroiiTim doiUtuUr* Ho i^d 
aot cAr» lo ^ivtt iIbodi tvhail ]>» could ooi giv« wiikuut 
oMMswei Tin t^rruiU and ni&n« «ro merely ike 
benMS mluinHl bf a t^w loachw* unular to lhon» vhkh 
tnmilWincd Uw liotmat Aicc c^ Sir Ro}^ c]i* Cortvhf 
into thr SarAOMt'a head. TKrafi;cli tJic grin awl frown 
Iho ori^^inal faaturts &re ftdll pnro«iptililo. 

it 11 in die tmgiiowiMdiai that tiive abvorditisi itrik* 

m isufi* rh« two raon of mon, or ratlMr Uw aiigi4t 

tnd tiig bckbouiks, an tfaopj protiuitix) (9 ua tO0oUl«ri 

Wo iiKvt in tma rcaoc wkh nocking hax ^tmi. felfi)!!, 

tinMiLtlilngtlTingtibMiinMof boihMVrtfi w}io,«afUiK 

tilitnmt, we nippw«, fo tKoir dcpmritr, ar^ condemned 

Itt t«tV nolbing but pr*««. nitt> a^ *oon a* wo hmaI 

wi'ti pmijia wtio ipoUc in rene* we know that wo arv 

ttdntjr «ft:di wonld baTv fiiraptunkd the Callio* 

1 Msdi^o uf UolMirvt m u>doi/ fur wUeb Oi>hii^ 

Mfl tfo«Ld bare too liulo of tko Ji>tca-, and Cl«lia too 

cf tba cttiuotia 



MO 



MIDI msciL 



An Drjriltn vu iiuU« to rwidwr hd pbv« lulcraM- 

prill9 vxOfiUraee of Um dnma. il vnv nocenu^ thutj 
h««haii]il find Mine iRibitittiKfiuj it, Ia Ui c 
lu: Mipfklir^ tU pluMs Mcacmua by wit, but m 
i)ti«rlJy by fitlngu^ bv dit|pii4M, intitalcM of |itfncicii, 
dUlo^ix* "1 cmOT |i«ir|i«p, Uuf^brraijtb «scspa, ptf> 
pludtijig CMiOvduuDU, vtd porpniin^ duckvoni^ Hm 
tku* moooAM at hsmi m n»kiii|; tlus»« p«w« tmf 

In hb trafH*«fl lie 1niud« and uoc dcog»i^ wi 
II ifnoii, to bi* ifirtioM uhI hb vcnifiottxii. It 
on Uift» Bixount, >d nil pri>bjtUltiy, Uiat W M f^^crif 
■dfi^od* ind to nliictvfftly Abmdmwd, the pnoiu>> of 
ib^iritf >» bn pbiyi. Wliat b vQutnrat ftpfvur* h^ 
UAittinnl ill dttt fpKiVB gf wnu tbui in Knu wKhA 
Iproocb ■aura nevlj to coniKni canrvnation; 
did OMnigcMOM or th« hefnic coupkl Dry«l« 
ma b«M eqvllwL It u itnnrcaury tA iar]ffe Nny 
■rgoncoU HgaiiMt a Tnlikan now umvorMlly c«»> 
dwnincd. B«l It t» vovthy of L^Jytfrratiun, tbftt, tbo^gli 
irtw dcficiiait in thu talent wbicb htaak rvrm 
lit* to tbo gnntMt adrwitigv, nod vm corlainty 
Ui*t writor t;f boroic rbjrne ixi o«tr buiguafcv. jfll 
pkp wUch bavt. Irdin ch« dnc of iheir fiiM sjh 
b«tt comtdiffpd a> bi» bnt, an i& b 
No aKptrimcnl can he mat« docwve^ 
It niHt he alkiiTdd tW tba wont viaii of tli« rb 
ing tTsenli4<i ouutiftiiu gw>l i h ic f iptinn amd siagiri 

icic, BbI, anon wbon wo fiwipt ibai tbvj ai« 
sikL pa«uig bj tWt dniiuiio Im^tif^riMimt 
tluna wLUi rdlraieo to tJM laiifpia^ «a ara 
pur^uaLIy diigvtcd hf paaiagnt wbicb it h ififfirull la 
•encdTc bow aoy wiibcT <wld b^*o wriuao, or nnj 



am 

erff 

-of 




i^ 



I 



KNOT 1>«YDE». 



SBT 



MdEence bavo tolented, nutti in witicb ih« mving rl/^ 
Wnce r4* tlic nuinncr firuM a ftlrango rontm-d v-i(k lliit 
ttyifct binnieu of thr- tUciinj;ht< The lulhor bid ilia 
wboU» bult on the ftudmcr^ ami flfcl^iv) thftt, wIlwi 
h« vfnt^ dwni, bo ooiiivivred Ui«bi l*d imutk|^ t;f 
|il«aw. Tjm lIcIvcicv Ji ufiwoitljv of' a man of gvniii*. 
uiil. sfEur ■!!, ill nQ dcTunoc. Oiwuv pleaMxl wftliou* 
nut : and «o ralght Dfyd«ti Uai'o donvi. if he had po*> 
allied Uw potren of Olvjy. The &cTt U, Oiat ^^ ImA 
% ididmcv til iMxnbut, wluch, Uioufjh «ulMe<]tiet>tljr 
eonvciocl hy tinie snd thouj(h% wai fipvpr whollv t^ 
momlt md wliicli showtd itsoLf tn jivribmifli^ow uot 
dfliignod to pl«ui tb» rud9 mob of tlie Uivatre. 

Some Ludol^psit critici lavv rvprcn-iitccl lliisitiling 
m^a indtOBtiiHaafgcmiB, uihoprcifaioci of unHnlivd 
veiltlu ihe wftnioiuiew «:/ »ubanuat Ti^pJtir. To n* >l 
oecnu lo boir n n««tT fttfinity to thn tn^dniwtA of 
fKfrvtXVf or tli« tpMiM uid nki^iniUion* of ««iLkrii>«i, 
Dnrdon mirvJy liwl not more imA^Tutioa thaat Hotatr^ 
Ihinttu or MiUcai^ vtho mn-rr fiUl iitio thin vieo. Tli« 
*w«IliBg ificiion or JEmihy)^* ^t\{\ Ihuj-Ii rtt«ttiUHi iJiM 
«f AliwiMor and Mojuiom no tnom th«a ihv tttmSdhy 
tift im»ela rotomUH ibo an&idi^ of a boil. Th« 
fanner b aymptoouik of baiJth and ttrcnf^, tho b^ 
1v of drUB^ and ibseAw. If ctct f%tkjqM»r< nioi«, 
il U noft vivo hk iittt^pMiiom u kiinyi/ig him aknifT, 
bat wlttm he !• Iitirryinji lik inaicimklianaloii^, — wiatii 
lu roind w Ibr a inocn«nt jaded, ^ irtion, ai wu SimI 
*f Kvnjiuivs, Ko ruaumblMi a tioii., wko nciliss Ui otrn 
fim^' Lry Uunf; bimidr trilli liv tnit. Whal luipfKiiod 
to Sh«bq)mr« frmi Uie ocuunRal suspaiwon of kit 
^jwen )ia^>]M>n«d to Drydcn froan co^utftnt unpob'aci!^ 
He, tike hk csemfodrttttr f^eo, h^ jiid^mt pnoqfi^ to 
»pfirccMi« ihr gr*^ poMf^ of t\\<* (irorfdtng a|^ bui ml 



ft 





MMJS tmXOKfL 



Jad^wt fnoof^ tDdiOiicompelitiofi witbtlMiu. Ht 
Cfltt Mnd flftmircd dicir wilil uid d«nnjR; AciblbNity* TltU 
it Sf4art^^ In aiMtbfT •£« llitn thftl in whif^h ht )ivn|pj 
and rti]uiiv<l citbcT tnlmU Hmn tlioM wkicli Ih* 
•oBod, ihaL, in avjiiring to coiulatr it, W wb« wxtDi] 
ill • lwp«[Ma au«fii|itf povmn ^hich miglit r«Dd«r bii 
pa»«0*bu!iit in n diffiiKUt career, whs o kMOfi 
bedtd not (c«m tiU laur. An ilio«c knttviih cnllii 
tK« PnriieL proplitfls «t>urtod tnijiimiiNi b^ niflii 
the writhing*, Avroonings, mnd g^\im^ wblf li ihcy 
iid^vred M its i^^iBjilomti lie *tt'-inpt^, hj >ffr«(«1 6u 
of pgvdcnl fury, t<> brinff on a n^l p«nxjni ; and,^ 
lika ilmii, bo got notliJng but bi* ilMtortnn* tor hiifl 

Uuraco iTffj bii]Tfqlv cMn|i«m those irht\ in bia, 
tioWi imltytrd I'lndju- 1A tbo jmtk irbo alUmplod K 
6j to bvftTn on wuen win^p. &nil wTio vjtpcnranBd 
fiibd and ifinonumixu a Ikll. Hh ovn lAmlnhU g^vlj 
KttfO | )ff w * t ^ biffi frum ibu error, twl t«uf-bt biiu ! 
calcivBto ■ ilirlo ia wbith cxccUcoeQ waa vrHbin b 
rtttdi* Diycbm bad not tb« nn* ntH^nowMevc Hi 
mw Out the gmtnt po^ti vov neivr ■> nmoMAll v 
«)u-fi ibtf^ niibod btjrond thD ordiaftrj bcrandat utd 
ifaai Mmc iiiMplicftbItt good fbrtuna iiTfMfvncd Uwn 
'frotn CnpfAnj{ «r«ti wb«n tl^j ataf;f*«rMl fm ibfl brinll^l 
of BQUsuratO. il« did not pcr tei TC thul Htcy wcr^' 
KUid«d vid BUatainoJ W a jiowr ilvniud to bm«idf. 
TiMy WTOta from tlie ifietatiua of thi: iiriifiinBrbMi : anj 
^•y ftpimd A Niponw in thw impiiHtMiw of otlwrt^. 
Hot BO die contruy, lat doirn to work libuMiK bjj^ 
fdlcctlr« and orgnoapnt, nco a dt liberate vr3dli«ai, i 
Mbma] fiviu^. 

In locbinj; ortrr Ibr admiriLhlu dnsi^in' vl(k4i wrom- 
f any tbp Fau^. «r hjtn aJwayi bwfi morli tlfork bj 



] 



MIDI nETDCV. 



«Rh 



^1i i^n'fCiilA the vnmrd un^ iho umpUr riding 
itpccd, Thi? drfnor nt?< on Kia ftin<mt lum u 

■lirHild iwep liii n4JI« >n niich ■ poslurvt would Mctn 
impowbki to any vrlio did not know lluit h* ivbjq wctirf 
iH Uw privilc^Qi of s ^jiurbum&n uutuiv^ ThoftLti 
inJo of Fftuet, on ibe caii1r>ry, it tlit^ porlvctititi of 
fcr-PMmsutAhip. Pocru of Uia Uttt onL^-rr migVit nfoly 
irr4f« a4 doipenrd^ ai Me|>1iui«^)htlA rodif. Bui 
Dn-ilpn, tiinogh adoivtlfd to c-omniTiniAn with highr-t 
ipirilA, th^ug^ srmod with a portion of Xlitlr jKiwvr, 
■nd intmitcd with votnc of Uwir a«crets« was of nnotfacr 
nc^ What Uioj might Mcvroly voKnre to do, it wM 
MwkiM in Idui to iU^mpl. It ««s ii«c«Hittr>' thRt 
i»(tc and criticftJ ncioicc Uiould mppl/ tut dcHkicn- 



Wfl wiil ;ziwe A few ffxunplf& Noticing cun be 
iL&ii tiho ilu»ort])tinci >/ IIo^Uil kI llic Orrcifto 
III- 

« £* V t«^«x ^•i'V^ '^'H*> 

Tj»/f>^^r, t** ''^w «^ U^' <U« A (ff^ 

What itaritt)( ^xprmoiul Tot Ww wj^nifirunt ! 
How piMtirv^i^iM 1 IfccUir sttto* (o ri«« up in hn 
Urcngth ami furr. Tli^ gtoom of ni^hl m hw fWiWis 
'— iJm flro Iruming in His m*, *• tli« javnlinf mid tlie 
Unb|* annour, — the m^ty rmh through th* giM 
mJ dovn iho hattleni<i.*Kb», — the invpliiig «nd th« 
infinite n^r of iT^o TnuIiHndOi — overything k with w 




tftjn, ftiui Km doriA hxt hnC lo Im (ubiimri m Jhllmn 

**nw*«fth feAintf«riIirb dartolutvliaH 
And tUoil liiLB Ctp»iitut dr^iiif JniBi 
Wl:fi bk briuil fitvnl ia« t*jl.i<<i U^ii^ A»h, 
TU riU «!*■ |*E>, l*U b« «1mi^ vife Ike ina, 
A»d iMMd Ite ina tBtv«« c' Ml dvh te(4 
t4 Bafc* anr d04CH, a tttbi vluut il nbtccft." 

How cxqnwcu h llic intAf^ery of ilin ftir^ >onp 
ihfi TitmiMit naii in Iho MiLltummi^r Mi;-^*/» Drvaai; 
Arid n<lic»;i ihr&iigU Uh* tmiliftht oil iho bu, or >i*ddiif 
in UrA hcHt i>f tUiwom vrifJi thn bf« ; iw tfm lUilf lwir«^ 
>vc>tnrii of TiUiii>« Jiiviu^ ihv a|iji|i*n< frum ibe couc^ 
of iht' QuiKiL I Vvvdca Ualj Mid^ that 

WJIbte lUt tmth Hu dnnt nik Ul kb'* 

Il would liftvo Wn well If bo had noH 1iJiii*cirdjir«d lo 
at^ witliio tbo onchiuitcit Imv, wid dnwA on lilnuolTA 
&tii «imikr to tlut vkirh, according 10 tii« M i-»\tF^ 
ititicD, pu&iih>fd McI; prvtutDptucna biti^ricrviKC TItf 
following iitwi u« fuim of Uw wng-jf hit &iriai: — 

<* U«ir, wrr/, iMnf. «« sA »«« llfl KhI. 
lii¥rnliJ tf>a>i*fciir i— L 
1ft dta taW ttM^lH, wMla uteAi vkiiili IhJ, 
TkvT, liTT* UvTi ■<« mtM Mt uA «■ tr> 

AbJ Im <w iHp Ava O* Uy ^fvn l«« far, 
W«iUA>«fiArbK«iBrm« ftUbf Mar, 

Tb«w u« very Ibvounlilv uubuicv*. TboM who 
t<«r M bftd ona mtMf cvwl Ui« dyiag apoMbn of >I«V 
vin, tiid nuy conpm Uku wdli ibe lojt tecnoi of 
Utikdb vid Lmt. 

If Prydcn hiid diod bofora ibo eipLtatioti c/ tint iim 
«f the periods into vliirb we Iiavo divided bia litatmrt 





JOUV DHn«K. 



»il 



1 



ifow t<r wcotd hav0 left » rqini^lJon, ftt bot, liltle 
lacker tlan th*t of [««« or DAV^ant. Hr uciulil Iiatv 
Ocdi knavrn only to inrm of UUcnj »nd by lh«ni ka 
would ltar« bttan invnutMHMl Mi a ivriUir wltio ikrMt 
^y, un htibjwU wliick liu waut uiocnufJvi<:ul lo Inm, 
wcri wliirh, judJciMifJy GTn|>li>>v<l, might bov© rtisftl 
to cnincnoe; whoao dlcuon and wboic ncusb^n 
bad wcDciJnioi very h\j^ merit ; but uO wliuec vorki 
TTvrc bi!c!iiu«lkfd by a dalw tniito, itnd br c^nY-n nf gram 
[Hr|;lij:^r<>. A tW ttt h'm pmloguiiM and cfiik^gMe 
might pvthn^ itill bnr«> been remembered end qiioud. 
In tkou littla i^'w* b« «;«r]y ahvwed iJI iti* ponren 
wlucb uJWi*^fiIii fviider^ bim tbc KTvatnt of oiodera 
wdiuta. Bat, tlurij^ tin Uuvr ixtH of bi* life, he 
gnduallj abandonod tlie drama. H\a pkys appealed 
lA longer iblvrrab* Utt rciKriiTtcc^ rbyme in tnq^jr. 
ffk bflgo*^ bcranw law mrgKl-— liu ehararun Iraa 
uagg^rated. lU did not tmlMd |iroduce <?ornfcl f«p> 
nanataljonf cf huauin nAtiirv ; bitt lie cvaird to denb 
»ucli iiwttUroua i:liuiivTaa as tlH»« ttbicli abocmd la bia 
tttriier pwcva. Here and tJivn pxts^amiM occur wDrtky 
of dia bc<t ogM uf liiQ Britiifa lu^ Th« e^'le vrkicli 
tbe dmnft roqvir« cbaa^ wUh tvery nbaxif^ Aifcbap- 
%cUtr and iitaatinii. Ho wbo can vaf^ W\% maimer hi 
unit iht varittioin U lli» i;!"^! dramaliit ; hat bo whn 
«KCvU in oiva jniuuiti' uoly ttil), vrbvii th«t mannef 
bappcit* to bo a|]|iro|inate, appear to be a ^^reat dram* 
auM; aaibo baoiit uTa vaicb vbkk ti»e« nut go point 
tight vncu m tbc Lif^va baua. Sometiaua tbov h a 
vena of «olann dabata. Tbb % utore rfaotoiidan may 
wrfta oa woU aa ibe jptat^it tn^'diin that crcr Qrcd. 
I W e cutffMi tW to XII tbr fjitn h of Scmproniua m 
^^kta vffna tvry nearly n fff^trd aa Shaki^-faro <rould 
^^bv« Uade it. Bat w}tm liio letulc bralu v\u And 



I 



vo fiiit] ilidt tlkc ]<nxT« And ilicu- mirt iiime . tW hcr^ 
thp vtllun, and tho dr|>Qty-vinaJn« ftH coMiatie to bt- 
r&iif*n{i in (In* noibe «hrK >'« p^rrtfivo tkc dlffi^mm 
between « amn who can urite n. fiUy ^nd a mftn wtiti 
Ctn writo m vpsoclw In Uio uuno i>mini>r, wir, a IhWhI 
£>r A wc riptioii, or m ia]««it fur lumiiixit najr, fbr a 
tJDUf, pa» ^ dnuaatic pnuui. Dq<(!«ii ww aq inooni- 
lutuhlii nHouor in iwn^ It* ^ts ccnitdoaa cf tilt 
I>ovr«r ; lie wm proud of k ; ukd the siiOiora ^T tbt 
Bc^inimL] ja4Ly f^rgrd htm with alnudn^ tL Bb 
wnn-ion lAd priiK«MpA Am fond of dvcvMiag pooMi 
aFftmoroiu cannitry, sach ut would h«v« M^^litnl ■ 
i's-rliunent of Low-- Tliey frcqnmll/ go alilt dn>^, fl 
«nd ifMvulatjj oti pliilukvpiiioul neemty Ukd tW ung;ui ^ 
of«vii, 

Hhto woto, 1io«vv(Tr, K:>m^ ovctudoiw which ^btv 
bidjr f^quirod Uik |>«rdkf uli>nL Then DfTden wmt 
uidofd At homr. All hk htril H>c-ni?« sro of thU ilr- 
anJptJon, TJipyar^all bMwMB m^n; Inr the Seroet 
of Ihjdco. like Dumy otfaur f;efit]pRkm, cm ntrrvr !■& 
MOW wlivn bd>«« an in ciJM|»i>y. Ttn-'f mto ilt ii>-~ 
ttaM to uUUt tb» vttipir« of nasoti owr viofent pw- 
noD. Wo httvo two imHoeobpni i}toon«- mgvr and 
tnifo«io(wd, tho oUwv hlglit cool, and Judicloiu. Th« 
Kgip O Mwl tod ftiomJ chw»tfgr |{Twb«f1y ntqnlrtn iho 
■ODnuhiKy. lib ftMV« «*omponi<m b Hrrt ndhuned to 
iBgtt hr hU r«|«««chco, Uimm owrftw^ by hi* Mpsniav* 
ity, CDOvkiood by hb arji^QBiimU, And aoodnvl by hi 
^■rniiftucAi, Tlib m tl>« Oiv in ih^ »rm<^ bHwoon 
Uoctur vul TnJilu», ui lW brtwwn Ant».iny md 
Vuitiiliw, nnd in iJim bdWOTa Sibwdaa ud Domx. 
Kothlns of tlir nne kind In ShikipMro fi eqtul v 
them, excr[it tlie fjiuncl U-iWc«n Bnitu) «nd Oftuivft 
whirik it worth Otan a1 ihrv*. 



I 

I 

I 

LO 

=1 




90mS DKTI>KK. 



847 



Somt jtat% UAn lifo dctttb. DiTdcn dt«got1i«r 
nmmd 10 write for tl>c ^;*c He liAd tumtd his 
powPTA in A new dtnvtioo, wJlli in^fVM ihe most i^I^w* 
dill ukI <}<ri3iTVir. IIm tH»loi hnd f*nL'iri:illy nwnki^itM 
Ilia rTMttiw Gicvltm. Tlie Ri>l rank in poe4ry wai 
UeymHl fau fOKli ; Uit bv ciialkn^E aT\d secured tlto 
iDcuc htJDoraU* j>Uco in llwBiicom). Hi» intflgiDailiMI 
rMcmblfcl Uic Trii>]>a of an <Mlrcb> II ennblud liim 10 
nm^diouglinM to VAT. Whi^nbcditcmptM tkehighusi 
BigUtA, lie Ipwuac ridiouiMM ; IwE, while )ie reiujLiiied 
in t l*»wcr ivj^(ni. He maijvtrip|>Ml iJI compeiiior*. 

All tiii Tuuiml Rikil nil )iiA nripiirrvl jtowcn Bttrd 
hin to fonnit a i^nod criiknt ««hoo( of po«W;f. Indeed 
Iw carried \m rrTomu loo Ikr &r hv n^^ After lu* 
ilaalli, iMir bbvmttirv rvtro^^mded: and « cenliuy wu 
ncrLtarf to bruig It bavk to dw poaiit lU wlucli lie kft 
it. Tho gcnenal loundnctf and bmlthfiabicM «f bb 
OMrnlal ciiwritiitioa, hie IntorniAlron ef veM sii;xTrfiH<<e 
thon^ of «aeuill vohune, h» wit wwly inB^nor to 
lliat nf Oi<* m^r dislin^tbHl Inllnwon nf Donnir, hiJi 
(■loqt>t*n>ns |Crav«^ dvlibemlc, and comiiiELiidmi;^ rvAihf 

mat juTc htiB &<]U dJagr«ocf«l failure u el rival of 
SbalCi^p^re, but rtlmd him flu* above tl^« krtl of 
BuUact* His coiwiuuid i>f kn^n^i^ wu immcnBC- 
Wiib MfiD i&d il>e aorrvt of ibc i:*Nl poctiml iliriion ^r 
RR|[kiKlf — die ui of produictnf; ritJi cfli^TtA Lvftimlliir 
wimU, In ibe fodlovinj^ mitiuy, it wm m completely 
joa u Uie Gocbic inHhod of paintin;; f^lAw, anJ wa:< 
bit poorly <iip|ilied hy ihv laboHoiu and fHi»la1c«J 
iHitattftnt of >Uton and (Sray. IJn tliu oilier faaitd. 
ha wt» 1I18 irtEt wriU'r uiidor wboM akiiriil nmia^inent 
ibo Mucntille ri>ciihutaiy Ibll Into Mtmml and ^Jnntlii^ 
^ena^ fa tliii d^pAflmant, ho meNcded at comjilclaJj 
tt hb contfliBporary Gibbcan mcceeded in th« ^aalJu 



m 



rnt^n*'^ ^ carving tlw ixi'mI 4t>lnti> flovtrt Inti 
luflrl <^ <nk. Tlw loQglmt And m<M knoft/ parti «f 
Ian;^g0 b«c«me ihtctUe >t |y» loncb. Mi« v(rrfifi<«- 
rtnn in ihc uattr. tniinncT, whilr it jfivc ih« ftn( nmrlff 
of iJiuE tfecaliiiM uiii (mnhJon vrhicti tbc faJtoviQ^ p4^ 
entiun «»Lenui:«l bo bi|Eli]y, exbi tnud, at liw vutin tini«^ 
iIm lut cxBoiptcs uf iioliUnoo, 1rc«rlon, Ts&ricl^ of 
puuM, aJid caduiK^. Ifi* tngvJim iii riivm*, htjnnym 
wortHlos in tliMuicivw, Kb'I at Ivmt wcnid ibe |)Vp«n 
uf novucttw-TcCMi t tlu^ liod IftBght 1^ nil the art» gf 
melody wliMi the Wou cooqilff anliniti. For ba»* 
bavt. ha pn-Tniling vicf , Ka ncir ^tibjeote ^n.^ Uulfl 
npjjurtaittlj ; hU ticll*r tuia gn^wMj dMrafiU it. 

He pcuvMcvl, u w« have Mid, in a |n«4riilMnt do- 
gma, ibe puwur of naHming in vcn«; anil iha powr 
•\i* now pwuJJarl^ umM to Uuk. Hii logic in by ■>• 
uk'^ULD lULUbnnJ/ WttiuL On poinl* of critkiaii, be 
aJwnys PcaiOBs ingcnicotly t and. wkm be ti difpcaoJ 
io bo bonoit, ecoivctly. Bal tlM ihrolAgictiJ utd polit- 
icdI ^uaatkna which he andcrtaak to tn^t in yvow 
worv |v«c>wJf Otfm which bo itaid«rKto<id Iwo. tli* 
argatD«nb, (bvrvAms an oA«a worlKLna. But tho 
Duuincr in whidi tboy aru ftaCod u bv^^ood all pnuM. 
llitt itjrl* u timiufiarvDL Tlii» tofaa fu^Io^ t«vh oOk^t 
in Om* faap{thtit *>t4vr* The otguetkoa luv Jnwti op 
in «utb a lauincr chat tbc wbole 6ra af Uio rvfdy m^ 
bo brtTu^t (o bmr oii thoin. The eircuRilorotioM 
which tar ftutstitxated l^r Ict^bnioal phraaM are cirflr, 
tiimt, onJ PxacL Tliw illiKtiniiii'nfl al onca a<)urn aad 
al[ii;iaata tbe rvaAoiiinjE. Hie *pavk1uig; epignuna «f 
Oawjey, aad iba Ample jivmlity of iLv buH«u|U« poaii 
uf ita(yi an alcomaauiy oBipkJjvJ. in iho hj^pif^t omi^ 
iivr, to (iva aflbct lo what a obviuoK or ckvms M 
wlul in otem. 



I 



^ 




JOlDt URTDKN. M9 

Hi* lrL«my crvv4 ^ras cnihiMi^, trrvr\ to Uthudiiuiv 
tnma ; hpI frwto any irani of ACii£on<«w, bu: ftom a 
liui/Q u> t» ouHy Biidsfiodi Ho tvo^ quirk to ili*- 

la groflVi irripiT(i|>Tii>u», whf^ nf'ooinpftni'^i) kry any 
n^^ Ubcit. Whtfp h« tdkd ft um-re thing, i| 
Id «crrc li Icoiponuy purpcMc,— Id supporl >a 
cf<gBiB(uit, or Ut ta«w a rival, N«viir v«t «> Mbto a 
cdik to fhft friKd b^iicUoucneeft. H« lovt^ tli« old 
|iocto, oqiccially Skikipouv. Ho odmLrcO tlvo in^-- 
miit^ wbicii Dtjoino tod Cowlo^ had so wildlj ahutcd. 
Ho dkl JiL^'cG, amidAt iha ^loi^ ^Lncc, to tJio mem- 
*irj cf MilUiti, He praiand to thn ilrioA ihri «chool-tioj 
lin«a of AiMib^i. Alwayt looltliag on l1j^ hlr amIc of 
wary object, lie iLiluurcd eKtmraiianoe on accovnl uf 
the ini^cniion wliich lii» rappoMid it lo iiidtoatc ^ bo ex> 
Gused aflooutioo b fantJirof wit; be lok^rahid ^'^n 
taiMnen for tbo aake of Ui*; carrecCDcis wbkli wna ita 
rottcoQUtanL 

It mA probaUj to thu turn nf mind, ntbor \kvk lo 
tbft rotnv diigocnl^l oaiwA which Johnjion has a«ig^(J« 
iktt «« are to attribute ilie eia^Qfi^mioii vhvb <!»' 
Gpirv the panc^^rrici of Dr}'iitiri. Ku wrhrr* it mti^E 
ha iwiKd, liaA oinM tM fUuofy oT <lodkDtum to a 
poMcr Icn^h. But tLis ttv iwu w« nu|MCt, >ii«rr4jr 
inturestDil vcrvilitj : it wn« tbo overfioinnf; vf a miml 
iJi^dlariy diipajfd lo ndmimiK^t, — nf a roiitd wkirJi 
dimlnnbad rWd. and «i:m4]«i! virtuaa and obligation. 

tt mo9t nihiUu^Ty «/ hi* addmsu u thnt in wliirli 
Mkftlf« ihm £utp «^ lnnAm»r« to Maiy nT ^fo- 
1. Johiiu)n thinks il Blnm^ tint any maii ftbAiihl 
iiirJi hj|;;iu;^s> wiUiout ulf-detottatiuai. But \>v bn< 
wx tmtmjkM ibu: to iho vvry «un« work b prelU^'d 
tdn^tiitti ni\ Alilton, wld:^ c^rtainJj <xnM lux hBV< 



[ 



370 iOfUi DBTH 

bctfji ftccqiuble »t ihe csourl of Charloi tko Swond 
M^nv ]r«ttr> ktcr, when Whij^ prituiphfl wwv in i 
tsnal moftWTv iriiimj^hAnl, tSpral rvAwnd xa ttdnat m 
tfBowmcfti of Jolitt FliUipfl bio WwUnmiv AUicj-— 
WcMne, in the «pilapb( tW twme <)f ililton inciiiisillf 
vcenrrcd. TIm vraQi of h» diQfcb, hn declartd. vbodd 
not hr pulluwd l^ ili« nantit v£ m nqtsUioinl DrjniUi 
vrv auacbod, boib bj phncifle aod intcrat. to Um 
0«irL Bat Aothin^ cooU dcA^cti 1m MmUlitjr lo 
cacolltacc* W# aro OQwilUug to accuM him porodXi 
bcttiae Um aftiae difpovilioii, which pPMnjitei hhtt to 
piiy »i gcitCTOtts 4 tribute to Uio monwirf of a p«rt 
whoDi hb |>*lD>m dei<«i«'ii harried him into «b««- 
aipiiKo vrhL-i) Ijo ilwcTibed ■ (iriikccu ^utioginihied hf 
ilio «|4«wlour of b«r bmnlj Mi tha gricioBiMB of hW 

Thb it sn ftomhlo tcm|>cr ; htxi ii m not tbo ImpOT 
^f grc«t iifeMi- Wliora thani i% ckmiion of clunurtrr, 
lh«-r« irili be Rulicli^xiMiVM. Itatmlj-in novrrU ttml 
on lodabitrinf« ihrnl wo mort viih T**"!!!* who ftre bihU' 
g«int to the iuiitn of ocbttm, ^iiJ mmurrrilul co dwir 
own ; utd Drrden, at all vvi'iits, wiu iiot 'mc of thow 
(Aingciu. liu chuil/ VM eiu-udul i»«t hbcnillj Ca 
othm; but it oort»wljr bigui At honic. In Um bo 
ftttift bj tto amm dofickot* Uai critic^ works arc, 
bujond all cocnpuiMjdL, npcrior to anjr whkh b«4« 
tilt UN«t »pF«Ai«d in £iukiid. Thof wen ipomlijr 
mi«Dd«4 M ApAloflieo for bb own pusu. r«ib«r thui m 
ox|M4^tw»ii of fvciMsml |irin«ipU« ; bc^ thcrdbn^ oAoi 
iiUvipU lo «lKtit>^ ihv rvHiler \n- (opbcvUj whiok <«nU 
Muodj hm doniirtd Livwlf, Uiadicto«i«tlif< 
not of a jwl£;«» but «f lui Mlromu;-^ often of ui «k 
Vuuaia tn an miHfUAd Ciiw*. Vvt* ui th* wj act «l 
viHtpf«i«iticig Umt Uvtt «f oanpoBtioBt ho ■bowt he r 






I 




Km DHTPES. 






■Ottn^ «§:w&it Id* belter knuwlvtl^. Ilii sim wi-rv 
da* ftgUHt ii^t. Uo tniitod :ikat whai »■»« Wl 
wmU btj par^DoiJ Ibr tlie aakc of what wu ));ooit 
Wlttt w«i g<ia<I, he tuok no puins to niAkc b«4trr. Ifi? 
wu ftnt, Itito moAt ]>rnicini who nun to rnui>rnrp, Ati^^U 
jifledeven <ffilh hiibetJ proilii-.'tkiiut. Hft had aelupnn 
tuinabie standard ot peri'eetiant tJie roiiCcmpljition 

which nuii^it at once irnpra^iv amd luurttfy liiiA. Hi* 
path wiw iiot ttltvEKbfil hy ^ii uti«ppnxicliablu iiura|^ Of 
dxcuUei>ce« &r ei^er TvctHliii^, and for urcr pcinqud. 
Il« wvft not diigiuiod bjr ibo ncgligvara of oOum ; ti>d 
ba ttxicndod iho unte icAonuko to faEnucIf* His xniiMl 
WW of A i4ovcnly cl^orDfrtcr. ■— icmd at sfilrodoiir, hiii 
indiHrrrni Ut taaii\c9i. lli^Pit iiio«t of htt wriliiif^ 
ibit tbe tluUmti fiu^iri04*ni:v of n Ituabun noblo^ 

vennjn and duiAomls^ dirty linen and iiwnU;itibl4 
MU«a. Xbw^ fautlu whJdi *pniig frr>ni aiTuctatioB, 
iMiM md tlntiglil ui « HTfKt mi«5utv remolded fruDi fail 
pptm, fiat bk iLmJttMMi«< ho rotiunoJ to (bg la*t. 
If lowvdi tke clofte «f hn Ufo ho >g« frequfOtl^ wont 
«TV)fi|C fron) iUf!l%eiK«, Jt wvs crnlr Im^cduao lonj; haUca 
1^ compoNlifkit rMidrrcd it more flity tn g<k K^hL Tn 
fitOMWvfiod &1«o rliTRK*, — tnpii>rH,in which 
linv ^ipauw to b« ■ sicr« tnimdrr, uirt, nrliilc 

brvaka tlf« niuiic, axhlt iioChJng to cho meaning, ^ 
iiivc AlvaanJxHnn vf fourtevn and fUl^^:) <vH:tt>U>«, 

I truncated tqhw* lor wlikli bo iitrrcjr troubled ]Jn)< 
vlf 10 ftiuj a tcrmima'oD or a partner. 

Bocli «tv lb« bcMtiua and ih^ iktilie which in^;^ b« 
(nod m frolbnoB tkroagnocit the later work* of Drv- 
^11 A norifi jntt and cvatifiletfl Qtiimatn of hU nalnTat 
tnd arrpiinO |>'>i*«r>.*-^ f^ tlie merit* ■/ ^jiit *rvh* and 
4 lb '^Tt**'""^ — miy be Ibiviad from th« lliod aixt 



UKU 




Paalli^r, tlan fiuii «ny of hu ollvr wnlln^ • 
b dadftclio pocai, it k fiir mpcrior to iliu Rvli^io Laic; 
The mlirkal jiaru, pamcuUHf iZw chw-tftf «f Bnr 
not^ ATI! mrcidj tnfuricr lo tho bcai pungM In AImb- 
\om and ActutophcL Tlicro v«. monorer, ooaUBOan] 
toibrhci of ft tondcmam wliirfa offceu lui mom, bvanas 
il ifl i1*c«Qt, ntioiid, and nuiUy, and rt^ianub n« of ifi* 
U«t iccnct in bii In^udiis. Uis vi-nilicaUoo usiLj aad 
iwvil« iu bapj'j' unUan wiUi ibc aatjoct; umI hU wodQi 
of Imf^ua)^ aoeiUB lo U-- culLimUfd. Y«t« ibu cmre[<i»' 
DOM with wine}] ho bu conitnictod hit ploi« ftml Uw 
iimuiDv'nIjIu inoonsiaUoCM faito vhieh bo ii «t<N7 mo 
DMnt fiifling, it«(nct tanch htm the pl^umre wUcIt fudi 

In A1i«abin anci A^^hiiopliol bf* liil ii(>oii * new aikd 

ridi Ttiii, which b« wurkeJ wilh siicDal mccav. ITka 
«Qciait Mtiiids vnn llw Mibjctib of ii dupotk govvm- 
Bicni. Tlii?^ w«r^ com]H?ll«d to alMun from poUUcd 
toj^ica, tnd to cdnfino their aitaiiiuit to tiio EHOtim of 
privnco lib. Tbc^r laight, indood, MmutimM voatiu^ 
to i»ke Ubenka iriili ptJdlc ncn, 

71ia< JbvwI munortslvrd ihe otucqiiiDitt aaiwton 
who ttict to dcnda tho Utc of tho ntmnnhU tnrlioc. 
Jlii fcatrth ultrr IV«qvntljr mnifMh w of the fptvl 
Doliticai \txin «■(' Drydva ; but it w«a iMjt written till 
Oimiitian had fiilkn i and U wmnta aomrthing of iW 
pocoGftT flftvcvr whkii boloogi lo oontaaipontf^ [nrttO- 
tirv alow. Ilu naffer ba« viood ao long thai, tbuqfk 
Jh« body b Dot imimurd, Um nflbrvcacvnca, tko Sriit 
cnwn, » £0010- BuUnu laj nmlir nailar noMrdnci ( 
■nd« if b« had bee* fhm fhon all nMruiit. wotxld hav» 
bMn no mAlch for our c/nairrnuui. 
TltA «dvBnU0w whicb Dryd«t ^nv«d frun Um m* 



1 



I 




JOmi DITMV. 



far^^ Af KU fuh^ lio inpror^d to lb« r^ ninvML 
Hi4 mAt]iwT i> ftlmoai periert- The style c^ HonciO 
md Uoi!«ii 11 fit anJy fbr light niibjooU. The Krenoh- 
vidTi diri Jti'iwi BtMnipt Lu luru Ibv lli<;oluprtl z^xton- 
inga ui' Uiic Frm^ncUl L«tterx inlo tcvtc, but witli r^ij 
ndilTcRBt sBOCum. Thv glitt«r oT Popo in cotd. Tho 
wdiKir of Pi-rHiiai ii wtthcut brilliancy. Magiufiecot 
vtnification and ingoiktUD Monhinaticjns nmHy lionntv 
Abewjih Uhi ctprOMon of drvp ffc?in^ In Jiivf:nal 
AAd ThT^en alono w« Ittv^ ')i^ Hjiark!^ and T}ie bmt 
lof^eilwr. 'yhirtc gmt Mliriibi Hirr<!rded in romrniinl- 
cating iKf l«rvoiar of ihelr fv^liiip ti» intt«rHab tl>« 
moat iDvombouibltf, «id ldii<Uod tb« vhvlc majos itiio h 
bhv, At <inn; cEimfipig and ck«tiMctiv«-. Wc c«nnot, 
indoed, tl^ink, without Tf^r^U of the pan wlikfa 3o ^- 
Hmt « irriter ai DrHen lAok in ibc diffmliu of that 
paiiMl. Tbnro ww, iw> dMibr, madticM and wl^t^nm 
•n both ttdaft. Bat tb«re wm liWty on 1^^ trn«, aiuj 
JeaprfliiFP on ibe olbcr. On IJini ytant^ howevrr, we 
«ili not d«fvll. At TkUr^ra Ibi* I-IngEiib and l-'rmcb 
iTOC^ fhr a momtfnt niip(*n<!t'.1 (bfir cuiiflivt, tr> driiik 
of ft MnAm which ftoircd botwuuit thciu. The sliclb 
wen fNuaod mtok iWnn vnciu^ to tmcmj- vitlinQt ajv 
prebenkn or tnobflULtion. We, m t)u> umu TnanTt^ri 
wottM ndier a j jwt our p^^Ktica] advomuioA to ilrtnk 
with a» of that fodntoin of )iiti^l1<rtui1 plfiuiirr, whieb 
aluiuld be Oie cooatnan rrfnuhmtnt of both partl«a, 
Oi» iJiMnrii and pollau- it with the havock of isimc*- 
wtMhk hiwtilttju*. 

Uadlecnoo b inTcrMr to AbMlom and AtrluiopbtJ, 
r4t\ir in tfao vnbjoct. In tho oxuvoiSon i: in ^rtix anpo- 
^nr. Bdi ih>e grc«t«M vrork of DiTdm w ibc IM* 
Ifac Owb on Sunt CccQia'a lUy. It b th« ma^cr-pie^a 
>f ihfk Mcond daan of potfinr, and nrnki but jiut beJov 




Totbuui of AokiHe*^ 

Oj cocapmag U with tii<» luijHiUim i»viiip of tb* 
liurolc tnf;i?clMn, ve mtr miNuui^ the prof^rvM wkM 
iJici mind of Diydcn b^d Rudc. He hnd inunod M 
ivoHl ft too ftuduwvu compcci^un m'th hi^er bhwvii 
to kaep At » dEelaiiM from Um voge oT biMnbui m 
iMKuvRMi, to rentare on no ciprmoo wfakb «Hil mi 
«env«y a di«linct kdat to hia mrii mind- Thsv bi noM 
of Eiuit " LlArknm \\M^ " o^ il/ie ythirh li« hk>l fb^ 
morl/ ajTucttfd, and in which Ihc j^naicM poc4ft nolj 
ttn vjoowd. fiTwjdung it ikfldtc, ngnUeuit, and 
|»ctBi«tqa« Wa mtiy writiiiiE* r wnn Mwd ilio glg^aiic 
works of tbovo CUucao ^Mdoncn who atConipt (» rtvii 
naloTO honclf, lo fonn caUradi of Uirty^e hei^t muI 
aoiiml, to ntM« prodpilMi* rid^M eS ni«iintaiiiK awl to 
tmitate Id art^iaJ pUnlatkau tho viIpmi and the 
gloom of fi'vnn jirimciTaL fbriMt. 7*hU maiuMT bn atari- 
dotted ; tkov ilicl b« fiT^r idopl ibe Dotcb laalo ithkli 
Pu|H9 aflWtvd, ilie mm puirms. aiid tbo tvctavipH 
Ur vrtdkiu i lo yaiiiOT r w mblffd o*ir KvnUajid tln^vro, 
wliu, uuiialiikg iha gntX Aiaiurw of kadBcaf^r Triilipni 
amakduK thm, ccoMltinf; tbe f^cnius of llw placv, a»- 
Riititig natun: and cardttUj dii^uin^ ilidr art, pn^ 
jn«d. not a CliaaioQnl or ■ Niiicara, but a !!>iowa i>r 

Wa am. on tba i* hnla, bdim-d to n-^rrf l that Drydcn 
i>d not aooMnpltth li« parpow <ri wniiD^; ftii «|>Jc fi'wnw, 
ft c«rUia1j wotild not b«v« beea a work of tJie liiftbeM 
ouik. It w<raid noc bava nralUd ibo lUad, ilvr Odf^ 
Mf , or ibtt fandba LoM ; b«t ll would hiva batu aa* 
Mnor to tha pr<odQctii>n» oT ApoUoDius, Luwi, « 
WtatJof, and aot tnJcticir to the Jarwaloi DaUvavad- 



i 



MKX nhrDKX- 



875 



U would probabtjr haro bvcii a vi^mouii iMrtJitive, 
Uiiiiu4iKl wjtli MiiMLJuMg uf lliv tpinl of tliv old ro 
uiftikcvB. vnricbwi witb umcti vpletidid drfcripti^jn, nwi 

Tlr? dangor of DrydvQ wi>ui4 lmt« bocn Jroro Aiming 
too tiij^h ; frcim dwelling tix> murh, Ibr cxunpl^, on Kia 
uigc!« of km^doim, utd iil«mjitjng a com|>etitioji witJi 
lliat great vrilvt wbu in hu own time h«d w mcoiiH 
parnbljr succvvdod jq ivpraiviuLiiiig u> us Uic ugbu ftud 
•oitfldt of auvlW wmrid. Tv Mjlbui, aud u> Mlllon 
tkaavt boloftgcd dMMorrUiif tlw grrst dvcp, thttbfti^ 
U" >alplivr, tb« owtn of fire* tho pftlacoa of tbe Uloi 
danfai&UoD4. ^tiBWitnofE chnxtf^i Uic oredrlitfkif aliwkt 
llm aUcBl wUdcmcM nf vcntu^ and fragnDoa wliera 
•na^d aBg^t* ki^j>t wa(di ov^r tZ;« 4e«fi of tlio dnt 
loTVfT, tli0 purttoo <iif dianwod, liw svtt of JMpec, lJii» 
aipplura parvincnt Diai^qrplod vriUi cclutiai row*, mud 
die uituiile nuili of Um CliurubLia, blaxing willi adu- 
maai *nd goUL T}io couuctl, tlie toanincivrit, tLo 
proMnicn. tkecrov'ded caUiednli ito camp, Uig ^ri»nl- 
raom, tlie cbase, ¥rcn Uw propar Menaa fttf Drjdirii. 

Qui wo liavo not Kpanr to pa^i in review all ihir woi^i 
which Dfjdvn wrvt«. Wa, 11i«r^or«, wili mil iipo<-u- 
kato longor cu iIkiw wbich he Bigbt posnUy b«va 
vnttan- Ha i&ajr, on th« whoZc^ htt (jroBouncad l« 
hare biruo a isan p uwUM ud of Eqtlvndid tal^u, whkb 
hv oAdt ah-iucd, ami of a Bound jod^iMiMit, tbo kIhu^ 
utkMa of wluch lie oftco ocj^ectcd ; a Dftan wfao aue- 
i«iad«d only in an idcrior diepartincnt of tua arti but 
wlio, in tkat <k|Mt«oiit, MCAyidixl pra-cnuncnity t 
umI wImk wi'b « mon inde^ivndwil f^itrrl^ a mon» aot- 
out daunt of cjicallaacc, and uurv mpocl IW UumK 
woitld, til liEd own walk, haw atlaiuvd to abK^ola pap 



To mrittf hunotr r w poc ia Uy — Uat U, lo ftMirtrklt 
^pUfrhtn* ntid moke ^xtnicts froin lpcccbl^^ to iotnr- 
»|irnw ill diMi profkorticin ^pittott of pruc aftd pbho^ 
r>-iice, 1o dnw np uitilhetical chanct^n of gn^i mat 
■f4ttnf; &>rih bow many conirwlictorj virtiBcA And vim* 
thci)- Qiiiud, Aitil ftbiMiiJiiuif b irrlAi Bad arMHtfj — kll 
'tluv vfvy «v«y. But to be » nvUf gn»t hiBiorian » 
pHrlu|B tiio varwt «f iDielI«ccaftI diatmctiooi. ^Ijuij 
Advaliflowurk* va hi Ui«ir kind; abiohiU'lj pcHtei* 
Tliere m jkmou which w« ihouUbe iadiiiGd ca Atrng 
imW ■« &uttlfss. 4)r as diitipvMl only I17 bhnUiA* 
irliidi pMB uniiOtKcd mti»f?Aerml bba«o^czotIkK»> 
TlivM ftrt •pardbw, aointt if^w^M* of UaBWibatiii 
poirtkaMy, ui whbrfi it woM be impomUt Iv «lur 
1 wonl witboDt dturtn^ it Ibr Ui« wotvt- But w« an 
•cquinwd with no liiatorf wkick Hfiproftdm to o« 
DoUoQ (tf what ft bitforj onubt 10 bo — with no h> 
wIikIi doM mN widftljr dvphrt, mihtr on tfafr ri^kt ^mnd 
>r «n lb<^ bn« Inwi tko 4utact lins. 

TliB autm may vaaily b» ftM^EnocL Ttm piwinM 
jf lii«r«inr* U a dvWtaUo land. Ii Uv» <m tbt 
Ifawa of (vu diukict tenitofMa. It U odJct liiv j 



i 



Mi 



i^ 




577 



in uf two lioililf powera ; uid, ii3c« otEbpr ^i«trir^ 
^lOBnurljr litQitHl, it M ilUioliii^dt lU caliimtcd, mkL ill 
ngnlM*^ Inttead of betng vqnliy »IutikI b«iw«ifn 
>U two nilen> lli« Kwdcn and ih* fuufj^iation. it h\U 
«h*fB«taly umlir lii« €kAk tuvl ubaol&tv ilciinimoo ol 
«M']|. [l i» MNDctiiMs liction. It it MrtDvtimos theorj. 

Hi«tcir^, ii hfti bocn eaid. la phiLjHophj toftdunjiF if 
ttaBipJe«» Uoliijrpily, what t^a philnuphy ji;!uii4 in 
■Oiiiub>c« And deplki tbn rxumjilM f;E-tiv;vlt5 toee in 
n\^ifnam. A p^Hivt hiitoriiui muiit pcvw ■[] iutt^ 
luUkiQ mflSdvalJj p^^wrfuJ lo nutko lii« iMmiive 
■fltoctiiig tatd picuiniqiH^ Vei liv miiKt oontrol it m 
lIvolttMJj Jia tv content Jumadt' trrth tho suOerUt 
wh«di bo Ikifift, ukd to rcfrftiB fn^ni ^ititpTjrin^ d^fiiHi^D* 
6m hy tddtlions of lua own. He miM be a prntotind 
md IngonitTW n!4iDnfTr, Y«l heMUKl po«iMi«tjfAL4«nl 
Mtfcoranidnd Ia ftboun firt^m cutii^ fala facta in tb« 
Mould at hn lijrpcilLuniL Tkwc who oui jotthr Oftl- 
■ite lba« Abuosl hvDjwnUiJe difEcullua wilj iiot JliiIg 
k atnui^ tkat trvory wnter tiliould hiivo l^led. cither 
b tbo tsTT&tiTe or in tbe tpctiilatjrc department of 
Utfor7. 

It mMj be Uid dowD 03 a j^eotral rule, tlimjfh «uK 
|jrt to cooiiHpniUn fjntliiiratiraif and vxCvptiOiMi iMtt 
hiitorjf b^pn in ikiv«1 and cutis in cwuv. Of tba 
tnnuitie hnCoriatv JlvnxloUu i« tho tarticAl nnd tbo 
bwt. 11m univfttiocu h» utu^I^h«tt/eed teml^mev* 
Ui wonderM laknt for dncriptioo and dialogue^ nnd 
die purv iwect flaw of ho hn^gi.\ p]acc him at tfi? 
brtd of namtora. He n-m^ni^ U4 of k delt^Haf 
tbSd. TImv k o gnif^ U*jond ih* r^och of *l&ci^ 
linn in fab awlcirardiMMt a nudico in ha iitnoc4<nco, mji 
iai«Ui|[iao« in hat non>«w, an inktuvhlznf{ elo^wnict 
b bv fiapL Wo kikow uf iM wriUfT viio makaa aucii 



TOU I. 



II 




metvii fU liinu^Lf ud hk book ia taa botrt of tin 
reader. Al llio i1hUm» oF lIin^-Bad-tweDij MDivrin, 
v« f«ol far him tho wnn mrt <ir jiitjiag fondtuai whirli 
Fontaine boU O&jr ar« nid b> h^v^ impiirtiil in vvirt^-. 
JJo l\MM wrttMn ui i&oan>|JBrmblc book. ll« 1i» *rnlt«Q 
KUJivtbJii^ bvtUr fi4cbft|M than ihe boa LaUxy ; but 
ke bM iMl Tmtton a gvod Ltitorj ; liu ii, from Uie flnt 
(0 tlic lost clie|>U»v >n mrvnEcir. Wu do net hen 
rcfvr man]/ to those gron lic^u whii which be hu 
been n:pn»cked hj the cvi^ of laXfr tlmoo* We 
ip^ of thfti rnlniiring wtiicb li nfually diffiieed over 
hi» wbule nirratin-, uid wliicti pvrputiallf Inret the 
moat H^Ht^iom nadur in doubt whAl to r^ect and whil 
to ncoiTtt, The most aolhaolic pafU of hk wvti 
liG«r tk« Mfoo ralat*«n to lib wildest le|C«nds whkih 
Hunry Hit ViHh fccon to tho Tcmpotk Tlwre wa« « 
expiMiltion umkrcaJun bj Xonrae agakul Oroooe ; ittl 
Ul«w Wftft ui tnwien eiT Fnaoe. Tlwre wu a haule 
at I^jUna; and thafo wan a battln al Aginroiwt. 
CAmbrif)^ ind BK«4«r, the CoaataUe wid tli«L Daift* 
pliiii, wcr« pcTHiu a> rW a« Demaratoa and PataA- 
niajL Tbo hannpi« of tlitt Afcbtiialiop on llio Babe 
Lftw ittt tlio Book of Kanihen Sffen maeh lav ftrcn 
the oimlMUM wlii^ hare m all agoi pracoeded Awn ibt 
rif^t rtrrirrcod Imok^)! than tlie ifMcliea of Mardonma 
and Annbaniis Jrom thoio wWh were deliTCTi*d «t ib4 
cooiMaUlioanl of SoiL ShaJupcaro givaa ui «ni»iii>ra« 
IwDA of hnntifi, and ratuma of IcUkid aild woooded, 
which arv not, wc vusyiect, nmcb loia acc«mle tliait 
tiwwe of IferodoMu. TImw m pwegai in HorodeVw 
wmfI/ eft long ai eota of Sbftlup«eTv. in wkich emy- 
tiuDg ift Icid dnBadcaUjt aad in which the namlh* 
tenw only tho pnrpceo of et^9iMliracck«u> It b pe» 
llUe, no iloab', tliai iIh Bubrtwkce of mom real vMtm 




maTcsT. 



«7I 



Mbraw jujr have httn rvpcrtr^i to thft hi4&iruii. But 
lU, whaclt. if they i^\vr happetieil, huppenvil in 
And lutioiui Av n?oio<e Umt Uic panjcakn co«td 
uvivr hftvu bvcR known lo hlin, an r«Iafvd viiHi tlw 
gr<eat«M iiunut«»c»4 cf dtfbuL Wv hore all tbtt Cui- 
^nJca md to Gygcs, mtd mil ihat pnjAc4 Wtwcffi 
iVsly»gc« and HarpaguA, Wc arc^ thonfere, uinll^ 
*^ j(uig« vrhi<tli^t ^'^ '^*> Acronnt w)iic1i he ^^^^* ^ 
fraiHacliom fwpcctiflg wbich ho might po«Jl>ly hav« 
Imn well iiillviiied, ii« cun Irusl tu anfthin^ bvyond 
llw iMkcd <iuiiin0 ; wiwtbor, Ibr oxumplp, U19 aiuw«r 
«f QttioD to iha unbundon of th« Grecian c^nlJv^- 
tnjcjt or Uiu «]cpn»^una which poased bctwi.'va Aria- 
tide* and ThMniAocloa at tlicur famoua inicrvMrw, hava 
Ivfln corrvclly trantinjttfd to us. Th« gr«it «renla, 
arte, no dcmbtf &th&Uj: n^ated. So, probaUy, art- 
anaay of tl>a Hlightcr d:vanutaiic«* ; but ulucli of 
ibdiB it u itopuBiiiilif to ajo^ruii^ Th« Actious ato mi 
mwch like the fifecti, and tliL^ fula »> muoh llko dw 
fctiotUt flat* wfth ruifract to amny inu«t bivrwEiojc 

Crticulim, onr belief it ncithor gireo nor wttfabold, 
I nnuutt in an un»iy and iacenainiibb rtalo ol 
abeytJEiee. Wi< know tliai ihf>re u tniA ; bnt w« fai^ 
Mt tiiactly dtfcidc wbarc U lies. 

llm &ult> of Httreiiutui arv tlie fablu of a uinjita 
9Mid imiipaaih'e nind- ChUdj'vn and atrvuriu nra 
fviHttriUblv ilcrodatofla xa tktQt %ty\n of iiamtioo. 
TI1C7 ti-IJ w<>r>lhtQg dranmticAll^. Their ac^ Kit ami 
1^ j4m arc prorerbkL Every ponon who iua had 
lo nak their diiputaa kDam that, ^cn when ihey 
fcav* fko int«ntian to d*«M"*, their rqwrta of (xuir^na- 
tun atwajra rv>qair« U> he tarvAdlr lifted. If an oda- 
fftwl MB wwrv giving an accuvmt uT iha Uu chailgl 
adoinittntiotia ho wutdd ny-^'^Loid QodaoDh 




■tdiniVfl ; »^J ^*^ K"i«E* ^^ cvtavpumott vsal for tii 
Dukv of WvllinglOD. ' A [xirtor toUi dw Mt>T7 » if 
b« bud becQ bid bcbiml ilm cvmin* (^ l]i» roj^J bMl 
at Wmdior; ^ So I^orI Godorich m^ot * i (»ii»ot mutt 
age tliia bti^tMM ; I mti*i go otiU* So tLo Kin^ najn, 
— »y« b«,*WcU. tbrm, I mnat ooiil for iIm DitWnf 
W«Uiiit>io« — Ui:t;'ft ■!!/" 'fhtt in in tbe Tery DvutMf 
1/ Um» f4tJivr «f bisUiry. 

Hvrodgiai wrote » it wu notand tbvA li« abudd 
vtiitt. Ho wroio fer a naden MMevptibb^ miiiou*. 
|iveljr» insatiably deorom of aoTdtyuid eidtotnuM; 
At a BatioM i& wlitch ihv ftno aru hut aiminvd lb«r 
lilf(k«3t enooUmcv, bat in whith pbiluKijiby wa» aiiU in 
ita mjaftcy. Hia oouniryiDcn had bnt rvcontlj bcffmi 
to oiltivato ynvi cooipvittJui). i'vblic tranaactiaftf 
bad (EtntraUj bnsi ra eo wl pd m rerw, Tlie &U luiU^ 
naof migbu tbtftdbcto. IndiUga vitbout fatr of cQunna 
Id tbo Bocmeft allowed to ibefr pndocaiKn ibo bank 
Booki ««« fuw, Tbi^ tntnta of Conner tinea «efo 
kariMid from tndUkm aiiiJ from i«|mkr bdlada; tlia 
li M w a of fofieif^ tondcriea from tbe nfiorta ^ trav^ 
aUcd- It w well known tb^t Ui« vay^tcry wbich ovai^ 
LBn|;B«bitii»c&uiil, ujtb«r oi tjiaco or iimr, Crv^motlf 
prernits v$ from oautthng ai wumtord vital w« pn- 
MTt to bo JnyTftiW" Wo tan at a drago«« wbo 
baa kiUfd ilire« Frendi cuinuiLaa, u a pnid^ ; jrM 
we read, withont tbe leaM du^^cut, bow Godfrey flew 
hM Ui^Btaaiidi, and RifuddA bU imi tfaomaBdi. WtihJt 
Um Lait hondrvd ytmr% atorioi about Obloa and Bai^ 
lam, wbicb oogbt not to bav« tinfotod oa ■!» vbl niireev 

T«f« grvvoly kvi duwn ai tbnndaiJMia <if poUtte) tbi^ 
iri» by cDtinttt iJvfcMopbcrK. Wlui ibc time of ibt 
CnMdea v 10 tu. tlio gnantdon of CnnU) aiid Soloi 

m to the Gneb of £0 tune oT Huralotue* Bcbybi 




imrniitv. 



Sfll 



wta to tlic'iD wluu VMm wu to tho Frtnt-L acaikm^ 
ckn» of t^ Iwi century. 

FoJT tfirh A pc«|>lo vu tlic book of Hc^^Cua ooiv 
puAotl i AJid, if V4» mgy tniit to a rqiort, doc niii> 
baiMil iiidred bj wntvrs of high ovthonty, bui ia 
itivir iwl ii»|inibaibl«, ii wu ix'wpofod, nui (o bo nnl, 
IrtA U> b« liMnl. Jl WAA Bot tv tins alow cu^uUtiooi «f 
i ftrw copm, whkli tli< nch onJ}^ wuld piintr, Ihoi 
tin u|^in^ AuC'jor k*ok«d At lid reward. Tfco giWI 
Olvuipbn C^vul, — t\vt MjvniniLy wluch voUuctcd 
mulaiudcA, ptond of ilio GKrum nainc, &om tba wi!i- 
«it OkouTiulnfl of D<iri«, an'l thif mtioToat coloriiffl of 
luJy mnd Libj-^r -^ vu to witnow bij tmunpb, TW 
tRt«r«it ■/ lliv iijitrAiiT«, nud Uitt boaol/ vf ti«<9UyJv. 
irens aidieU bj tlui imyMUff vdtfct of rccilatiuii,-^ bv 
Itra fplooidour <^ tbo «i>octoclo, — by tho povv'dtibl iiv 
Qoenw of sjrtnpftthy. A critic who eotild hnvo afknd 
for ftuUuirUio in Ihc m«di» of wch a acoi« tna«t hnre 
boea oi' ft colli und to^ptiral lUbm; tAd fow mck 
criCfpa wvn- tbcirc. Aa w*^ tbi; IkiiloriMif siM^ ww« 
ihie ttuditon, — jfi<|ui^tiro, civdulouK «wnly ntorvd bf 
wHjp»tM ttw or pttiriotic uniliuKix^UK Tbi^ ware tfaa 
Tttj Jiwn to bear vitk dvU^ht U^ hUvngv b««*U, miMl 
Unl*«a(id 1I0O8, — of dwftrtlit.indgwnu:«nQd rumibsli, 

— 1/ gotbf tfho«] very taijif^ tt wu impU«y to qiut, 

— gf AndfTiit dyna^H, vhit^ K*d left behind Ihfm 
iiciuuiB«nt» lurpusin^ aII tbc worlci of ktrr tinwA, — 
«f tuvitt like proviiiOti, — ' of ri»cpi IJw wo*, — of 
bUijitfiiiiom 1*111111, Hiid l-mffloh, vid iiymmids — "f tb« 
nua wkicli tJiu AUjci pti^bnncd al duybraik on lb* 
topi of tbv inoouUiaim-'-of ilio cccroa itucribiHl on 
be otertMJ obcliikfl of Mum^ihai. WiJi QifaaJt ddiglil 
ib«3r w.ttU hwvc UijciimI to tbu xnocivl rofnttfioos of 
lb«tr uMniCvUniTj. Thry oow h«ftrd of the esttd 



iJ^ 



«63 BttTOtT 



1 




w«np]Uiinc»t of obKure fHffdkfiMM, of ihv 
itlim^jii i>f crinm ovlt wkiih tti« JibiiW uf hfaiM 
had tifomod to sUimL«r, ^^ of drennu, oraoia, wvTfikifii 
fruui lliu diMil. — uf priiMNMCB, &r wiiom nnt^kr tw(- 
MM eoiUtnclod hi •vary gtooFmii exttrciM <if vin-nfUi 
ftiid «kiH» — Af inftntt, «craAg«J^ pw» wv ff l IHno 
ik|Cg«rof tbe oasjarint ti> fulfil liigh ilMliiies. 

Ai thn MTTntirn apfkrnAfSnl Utcir own timrft, tbe 
ber«<i bM^Tii* Mill mom Ali*»rhing. Tlio rJirotncbr 
bwl now to tcN Uw Atory of that t[ct»i ecmfli^ fren 
wliiclk Eorapo dalM iu intoltncliinl and poStJod a** 
|«nniiBcj, — ft atofy wliicli, vvvn it thn i|I*tanc« of 
tinib, i> tho meat mfttretUmi uiil tKu »o«t itvacbin^ in 
tfa9 aoiiAlj of Umi bumtn nco, -— a vTott- ftbonmfing 
frith all t^t U wfld wtd wfwdediil, with aH ibtt U 
ptkllieCic uid animating ; with llio ^^j^mntir c a pricci ef 
infinite woallli nnd drs^iofjr pciwcr — with tlw mightit^ 
lainclev of wiMtomi, uf virttie, anl of coura;{Q, H« 
(oU iJieoiof rifondritfcl op in adav, — nf jirovkict* 
foiD>ib«d f^ a meal, — of a jAuac^ fmr tliips 1i««« 
dirooph tlia iiMuntauu^ — of i rottd fbr arai« <|itT!ad 
ii|un thr v^vM, — of nofurclilca and r«mnotiw«iithi 
»ira|^t awij, — of awdt^iy, of terror, of tttoiMam, of 
dt^air I —4 a»d tlMn cf firood and iniKbefn hirmxU 
tried tn that oxirrmity of >v)l, itid noil ^tnA vrantlQj^ 
^ of mtialatirv Icing maitit«iii«l a|-ainit i|ni|wra1e oddk 
^of hrv dsarly told, wlwn rwblan^ could 1» ttiain- 
lil&ttd BO mons — of dful d<liTvnac<H«id uftmipfl^ 
b<8 nsTcnifOi Wbatovor pra a li rongor air ot rvslcl^ 
fi; a iiarnilivv ao wuQ rslcQiaied to Inflanw tho paBdun^ 
and to flatter natlofia] prides was ovrtaitt to bo Arotiia- 
Wy i«mred. 

Bciwaoo tha t ime at wblch HcmdoCW b Mid ttt Koto 
MOpooed Ua bbloty, aiad the cIom of the Pdoponn^ 



A 



« 




nBTOftT. 



8sa 



til wjLT, ftboul fo/riy y^r* «Up««d,^fbT^ T****i 
iwd«d with tpts^i n^tmty xul poiilkaJ wchUl Tbr 
cmmgtMttOK* of tluu |>finod ptrodncod a gnat olibct on 
t Gi«c4n cLurucii^r ; jukJ ni>irii«r9 was tills crfV^ » 
remwhabto as iii tho Utustrioiu damocmey at AUicrrji. 
An Atbcniui, indt^, Cf^on in iti4? Time of Hcrodotui, 

^^bimlfwt OA tbtt of H«nx)otuK, An dtStiution itfi> 

^^AC«d, tW filixr-ju or lluc f&j^<Jii4 r¥|)ublK; b«THiu« 

itill leM ritiuiiAry, tad itiil l»s ^lupl^hvaitiML 'i'livj 

aipircd to know vLcrc UioJr anc^lon bad bom «ui> 

Usui la duitbt ; tliif^ U^-aii tu doubl wh«w Uii^lr Bfluv*- 

tam had tboiifcbt ic tbetr dotv to b<Jic-vo. Annophuica 

ta^fimd «f atiading lo ihfji cbftnge m the tpntp(>r of >ii$ 

^^Hinttytnon. Tlvc fklV-r nnd ton^ in itu* Clonda, Are 

^KidioHJjr repmtonlalirHi of the ptnuntioiu to wlu'ch 

^^p«j rv4pc>rlIvBZy belonged. Kvtliin^ coot* <^Hy ft- 

^BaUaln ili? tiaion* uf thW muml i^^uEmion than Uw 

tbaoga wbicb paucd upon tng«df . Hm wild raUun- 

hj of jEichjIiM bocamo tliu ^udT uf tfitrr ^ooMff 

PUifippidca. LKtarcs on ftl^tni^ polnb of pldtoao* 

pby, the Knr- [lJATiiict>on« of fnsuirtry, and ihc dudtag 

flnkoe of Hi«toHr, were rabstrtutod lot pr^try. Tlio 

I hing^'g* I'**' umcthinx '■^ ^''^^ tntnntijac tyntttttat 

wbirb >iwl chmctoriwd iL It bvvaiiw Ua» tikii l}>0 

AKwint TtvQBn. aod Borv )Uco liitf luuduni FraiK^, 

Hm GwiiKnubk Jogic of Uiv Urvcb, trat^ ixuUcd. 
&r fron miot. Lo^c Dever oan b« «tHci whM« boo4a 
^^vj Marco, and vfhvn uiibmiEtion U coavc^wj oraDj* 
^BTo aro all aware bow froqocnil/ Uluiitft wbick. 
^BbcD ftet down on pOjiTt aro at onco dfrMctrd* |MBi Idt 
^KnaauwcrabLe A.-^incDti whrn dexterooih- and rolablj 
^r^ptd la I'adiaRMat, at ibo W* vr in pmaic convtrr^ 
Mtkai- Tbv ruaauo in e^vnt. We cannot inipte' 



b 



I 



Uietn «1i(«elv t^Boujiifa to p«n.viT(^ ihrir iii^rfarmufm 
W'' I'nniKft rvaidUy cuMfflro tlirm wit!i v%irh MhtT. 
W« U«e kiflit uf Mw i.«il vf |li4 *ubjvi?l Uii>r« an 
Dtliiv, whi(ih onieht to bo r^Tcvirvd ia oonnvctioo vriib 
U. DoittM bdbro w; and, v ibcro U tm imnitiuhlt 
rocovd of what ku bA>n «dm£(i«ii Jtnd of wliiii kai 
l*«cn ilfttini, diroct ronlraftWifiQt pvs iDitntcr witk 
littlQ dilftrithy. AlnK^t all tho (Mtii^tMtn of a Gr*«fc 
HNHUltH] in talkinjc and lifttvaiti^. Ifb ofHiuoM «M 
gotfornmciit wcr* pr>ad np in tho dcfaattf* of tlia «*• 
mmAi\y- ifJiv wi«Ji«d lo mnly nMl^j«k->» iiwtand 
of ihutthife liimvlf vp wUh b book, ha wdkfd «l»vii 
to tba iMkrivi-pbcv to look for « vi/phkt. 9o <?oii»- 
|ilci«lir were ncD formed to tbcfto liabltA. ihjit eYtn 
»niin2 acquired a oxmircr^tinoal Ktr, TSa philaw 
]»tinim ndnplad ilie (imt of ouclo|rDn, «« thf liimt nalo* 
ral irtvdt of contiituiii<^aiin[j knowloitfQO. 'fli«ir rO" 
tonifup )lato Uw rovnUiiand ibe '[c4ci;lii ^HicK bvloiig 
to iltti spwcitt of omtpooilion, and arv c^iatto ttriw J 
ntlivr bj qnltliimi sod aubtihy th«n by dopth Rod 
prvdaioii. Truth b 03iliJbi(«d in p«nA, aiU by ^tlm|H 
M«. JnmoMvnifal* cWrer hinti ai« pivim ; bni no 
ionnd and dnmhle ayattm u ervcinl. Tha itt-jV]iu«f«ia ^A 
ad ibrniM^m, a kind ol ar|pitn«cit nm»t 44firactmM hi ^M 
d«bftt«i but nitorly nia|n« fvr ib« inir«atigRUcn of pM^ 
cnl prmcipln, i> unong liwr fat^oonls rvKoapMi. 
Umkm^ lJw«ij;h BOlldng cnB b« nore MLailrmbl« tkui 
t^ ikiU irUdi Soomica dkpkys in th« eonrerMtioM 
whiek Pluo i«i nportod or lartfuod, bit -vktodti, ftr 
ibn M«t fiui, AuetD m lift uaproAiabK A trophy k 
HV lip ) bnt Df» OL<w pravinoe ii ftddcd to the dMidMiim 
tl die buman sibiL 

fittU, «bw» Umuaand* of h«tti and n-ady iiil«lkc1a 
Wffw conaUnd^ onpAoyad in fpvcoklitif on ibo i|qAik 



- - - ■ci^-i- 



inSTOBT. 



of jctjona anJ on tbn pdudploi of p>vcmnieitt. El 
iuipowiUe thmX hku/ry «i>ould nttan iU old cbftmo 

Imi oDudi rnorij locontCtaailaocnQwhat mui* idaitUic. 
TIm bUiory of ThnnF^diiU^ diArm fr<im thM of 
JIimviotBi ft* a portnut 'liflarn from tl^^ roprcMqiUiMktfi 
of ma lata^mrj tcvn^ ; u the Borku or Fqi kiT Bcy- 
MNilili didun &an> hk Ugolioo of liu ikaufort. In iIm 
(bvmitr OEWif di« &ral>ot|rpd U ^«>iii : In xhv liiu«r, it ii 
L vfoitod. Tbo fncaltior whicli are r«quir«<l fat ibv l>b> 
^Mr pitTjMvo ftTQ of a higliflir tnd mniT ardor Urntt thoM 
^Blueli MdBo« fur thu ikinncr* uid indeed aoc^eat ri ly 
f eoBijirbe litem. He who b able to fkaint vbot Im! ar«« 
■M^tli Uie ^^e of tliM MtDrl wiJl minply Ijr Ablf< to |«iin4 
^Wwt 1m ««* "vitt tbc rTD of iHt* bodv. He wW CAil 
EnFVoai « Xorj-, and u-ll h woh, witl abo be ablv to toO, 
tn an SoitfnsiiuK luuuutir, a aUxy whwh he ka* not 
invcutud* li^ ia pnwticc, aoioc of tlio boit writom 
of fktkon hftTQ b«>^ omocig ti^ wont vriurt of lib- 
Imj, it fattt bccQ brtfaoK uno of tUdr talcot* bid 
mrr^grd in another iwt nnrnplrtal^v thai it oonld luC b* 
»«rcfvd i bfr&tai\ having ktri^; ^hvii hAbititatvd tn tnToot 
and oamte at liu mue tunny llicT found it unpoBiUa 
lo luuraU wiibout lB¥««jung. 

Some capriGBOu» Jind diiconitTiivd artute hfixc al&ct- 

cd to rotnidBr portnLJt-fddating »a cuiworiiiy of ki mun 

d'l^niaA. Some critics havv flfiok«fi in the a^mo ooii- 

banpcnnn aumncr uf hktoiy. Jtt\inst>a putK tbv ta-ve 

u«x The hattorkn idk vitJiiu^r what i» fuiift* or wlul 

tntt : in tbu Jonnur csm ho is no kutorian : in IIm 

ha liiiJi iMi 0|jfi0[tMtitjr for dbplayirtg hi* fthiliiiaa; 

cmtJi ib oiM : and all who uM th<9 trtiih mvM Uti 11 

it la DDt diflkuli t<) vUudo botli cbe JioriM oj thii 



Ifa 



UlftTCflT. 



dilcmni. W« will near to th^ iiwli^ow jirt f»i 
tnul-pftintinn. Anr mua with «]r ea aod hftiwU ni^y bt 
taoghl lo ImJco a likenoiif. Th« proct^a, up Ia m ci-rloL) 

fifulaiu tni^lit juitly Jci^iw tbu oomptttMn. But wv 
roiild Di^ntioT) ponwn vbidi am nsmiblanoia,^^' but 
not [iwira rusenabkncwt ; ^iikful. — but nueli nam 
than ^lEhfiil : portniu whii^ CMkdcrtfu inlo on* poJBl 
«f tifii«, and ctliibitf nt n iitt^^o 6^o#t lV wliolo h»> 
toiy of tmiiiid Kod vraitfiil lii^«>-in wlik-lj div «5« 
■Mm* to Kniduiiw un. sod llw motith to coiunund m 
*-iii wUcb ilia brvw tiimAC«>, «nd iW %> tthaoil 
qvivon wjtb fcora — in wluch every wiinklo n a odo^ 
ra«ut on mne tmporual inuaaclion. Th^ tceovnl 
v^ieJi Xlinqnlulei bu prai of ibe nCrvat from Sji>- 
cine b, UBoag namtiTM, what Vanilj^k'* Lonl StnF- 
fbnl tt ainoiiji painting 

Divcnity, H b laiii, implies cnur: tnitk is cmo, and 
iWlmiu of BO d«gnHa, W« aAiinvr, tbii tJik |iriod|)k 
>ldi good vnlj m abMnct naaoniiigv* Wb«ii wa lift 
tJia tnith cif iiaiwioii IH tfao Hmo arU, wo mnn mn 
ipvdvGt and ■ gradoalffid inilL No fikturo U narrty 
lika Urn ori^^inaJ ; nor n a picttm j^mA in prapnrtian 
■t it i* liko durnrigiod. Wbv Sir Tbom»i Lawraout 
painCa a Imndaiwio poonaiv ba dow auC coaknnplatv 
bar tlin>Qgh a povrurial mierwrapat and tni infer lo IW 
ranvaa lira pora« of Una vkiOi ibo UocaNttidi of ifct 
ajct and all the otiior bnnika which Qullivar dhear* 
in iha BrolidigBaKgiaii ittai']i of boaiiMr. If W 
'w<ff« td do thk, Uie vfuct wonU noi Mcrdj be iu»> 
plnataK, bnt, iiiil>rM Ui* jrala *f the pk^viri 
(ropartiubabljr «[nUrffbd, a-ould be ab»^iili^j j 
And, atUr aJi, a tDicnacopv of grWar power than 
vUdi ha hid M(kgF*d wimU oofenot him of I 



po^ 






i 




HtVfOBT. 



K91 



wnUe onlolona. Tb» ame nuy be snid <^ liuvloij. 
■erivcthr and ahnoluioljr ma it culimI be : fer, to b« 
Kcirfixctl/ uiii At*c4iilfJf traa. it <iuj^t to r^nanl aQ tho 
lif^KtMl pirtkdjm of t)i« iJi^hlf^ UMii^cllum — all 
n<^ thiiigk duQO vit] nil tliv wonlii ullrrvU during ihe 
frjtra uf wiiicfa it trmt«. Tin onuiBon tjfaxxf circwn- 
«i«Qi», hinrcvcr iuigiufictnt. would be « duftcL U 
hktoiy «r«» written tJuB, tlie BodkJon libnuy u^juld 
n^ c^nlttm tJie oceunrcnccs of a wccd(. What U t«ilil 
10 tbe fidlmt and lowt acmrata annals bM» nn irifi- 
tittrijr amall proporticm to wluil i* xipprcwiipj. J Im 
llrfK^f^^.<1e bMv«<«ii tb« co[itQiH work oT Clajrmdon and 
liw ao^vunt or tlie civil wArv id U^ abridguMnt of 
QoldimiJlli vankhua vh«n compafod with Uio bamenM 
tiaMi of hcts rcipecting wbich both are eqiMKy Kilcnt 

No pictniv, ilkcn, and no bUUir^', car prcwnt na 
with tbe whole tniih: but thum urc tikc bod picuirM 
and lh» IxMt bnton'n wbic)i rxblbit nich fart* <if ibe 
Imtb V NiHt ncajrU produce th« dft«l iMflhe whole- 
He who U iSdicivitt ill tllf^ tuH nr v<|eclion lUftT, by 
ahowuig noUunc but thu tmiJi. j^ruducij h11 th« uSud <ir 
^Aie gmiwMt Jk]|i^oo<i f I pCTpt-iunlly luip|M;Bi tliAt one 
PHnKT tflia I«ia imtii tban anoi^ior, marvly bocauao ho 
^ Wli num tmtha. In die imilAtirc nrla vo ^iisbuilly 
•e« tliiL Tttiv^ *n linen tn liu* hiiiiMn farr, jukI o1^ 
jtfr^ iit bjuliRape, which nUnd in auch i\-l4tkina li> 
^^bpthnr, lltAl they otij^ht rithcr to be aU >ntro<lti(^l 
HH psinUag Uigvllier ur all otmltod togetiicr. A 
■kvtcb iaito wlueh none of thviit vutcr* qajt ha exwl- 
bnt E bail, if aoto* ara gK'oa and oth«n luft out. ihoMgli 
tboro aiv more pouiia cf Skvoout ibcrt is Lou IAoimm. 
An ootline icniwlcd witb a pen, vbirH aebe* tlia 
«vifld fralui«i of a <«uot«Da]ic«, will give » nimli 
rtniBgw itkv of k l^n a bad paintug » oili. Va« 



988 iriHTOttT. 



mdM 






lln %0r>t paintioijL; in chU ihAt Ater bung; At SuvMitd 

A bttft <if wliTte niArblir may et>V ui «xc«llmt iiifa uf N 
blfMiRiItig face. Colour ihc li[» nniJ cboetv oftbd bvt, 
tduvLDt; Uie hair uiti «^m t»ult«r«d. aaii tb« wnOttrity* 
Uittt^il vf btittig nMrt atnkutf . wiU b« )ti« ao. 

Hifltofj bM ibi ron^r^^nil and iu Wltgnwttd! inl 
Et ij4 pdncifttllr in tbf* BDiuia|;CTner»t of lU p«nfHSClitil 
ttiAt vEiA nnitt liiflcn froni aiBoUi«r, Sont* evcnti wttit 
bv re|Wvvmtefi on » bi^ anl«, olh^m duninuiKd ; tli4 
^■t miiTuhiy »iU 1k< UhI m thediauMffsoTiht! bwi- 
von : uiil n ^iwraJ j<ivik <tf Ujsif joint Bffvct wi 
givc-n by A lew Hlifrhi Uiuclioi. 

tn tbii recpoft no vricer haa error oqodkd 
»do«. Ho Wirt n p^Hect otMCOT of ibo art of gndail 
dtmiTradoB. Hfei Uttoiy k mmrtiaMv ni rradse ■> ■ 
i-hmfkolopco) cbaH ; inn il ii dir«Ti |ionfiii^Qaiu, Ii 
b UNn«tiBi«« M uiiriQtti \m one of LovvUn'i Iviiavi 
jvi h V iic^rtrr prolix. Ho novvr bils to ccnltKcc adi4 
to oxpui^J il m tbe H^ placo. 

Tbocj^Udea bovr^vred ft<Offi HcrvdotiB tbe pnu«K« 
of jTRiiJng i^xvbci of bin ovn into llic BiEWtlB of bk 
tlanrt^^nv In HoroiiAtiu tbU aMif^*< u «Areely eon- 
ttiniblf. 1l it of ■ p(«ro wtih bii whole tnuiiHir. But 
It iv ft1fiit*^hvr tnf iMignioufl m tJic «ri>rk ttf bb wacoo' 
IDI-, jirid viuklfB, nut only tbe acruracy of bWkvj. bol 
tb*^ dc«4«ii;if» oT fiction. When <mc« wo mUav into thr 
ipirit nf Hcro(k>tiH. w« find no inconaifUnt^. TfM 
ronvrntioiinl probtthilhy of hia dnuDA u pnverrid fron 
tbo bp^nnbis Ut tbo ond. Tbo Mibt^r^u? ontiiaai. 
Bird tht^ fnmiliMr dUlogoos are in itnct Imcfiia)* witb 
•ftch AttiffT, But tbo tjtrtthr* of ThocydidH aiv 
vritW |iroec<M nor feDowd by wtytbifiji «itb vbkb 
ilhey hmofibc Ttioy cive to tbc wbolo book 



4 




UISTOBV. 



889 



jjlirnnmv-jiToiuirJb m uhicti pvL-pvu^Jcculor rockB nT gnui 
i« iUrt up m ihc midn of ft iwift grwn pljiin- InvtO' 
Ikn b nli'^kbag where Inttli Ia in lucli cTme jrixtii' 
|iri«ilinn vith it 

cuunc* vrc potvl/ fic-iitiou*. lie nuj' Im***- rc|Kirtcd 
ibv ■isb«UiM:« of oHwn convcEk. Rut U u cloat 
&0O1 tbe iiit«niul «vii?i*rictr l)ut 7tc Im^ ptvturt^i.^ iio 
aioTD tliatt t!ic substance. Hi« ovrn pc^i^ullar haJnui of 
tHouglit and cjcproA^on &ro cv«r/wh<T«> duoornibkv 
IrKliriduAl nnd iwtiorvil pM-iiluiriti&i trr •cliotn to b* 
CramI in thr >cnliiit^utJt, nhiT ni>TfT tn tJn' dirllort. 
Tb« ontoty of th« Cii^thinnB ind TliL-bAm i> do( 
Im Atli«% Cither In inatt^r or in innnnvr, tlisji ibai of 
lbs AtUi!ia'A;i4- Tilt* itj'li* of Clc'oii Ih m puiv. as 
au»tvrc> » tcnc^ M»t oh si^ilicjiEtl, nn that of Pcrick«- 
In fjiic of Ihb froal fault, il mui»f he aIL^wciI iltat 
Thl>c^liiai hfti nirpnuctl oil hU rivoU m cIjl' [i7t of 
bittAnooT nArr^ttion, in lhi> ftrt of prrtludng ah f^oW 
on till* ininginfttion, hy ikllful wWticKi and iti4|i»3itioii4 
witbcjul milul^iig in Uw ticcmie of inviaiiSon. But 
lumtioEi, tfa^ugii an ttuportani juit of llio 1jiuljt««K 
uf ttUtoiion, » not tho wholts To appcii<1 ih luonil 
lA ft work of IkUon is cWict titol*** or tuitfrfluom. A 
l)L tii>ti ni^iy ^ve a morv imprr-viirr ttJktl \ft vrLit In 
itn^y kiko^n; but H cah CcAch nothbg imw. If it 
pn^tfhiA to tu diAnclen And ttAin* of eventu to wliich 
tr i-iciKe furni>h«A u^ w'Ji nothing nniiUr, in- 

i\'. . I tirivin^ it^^ruotioi:! ftvva lu w« pronounce K 
■n&%Cora]< VCo do not form ovtr a|JiiiEon« frvtti U; 
buL irc ITT It h/ onr prococroival ofuitjonii. FictJosi, 
dwrvfciin, IB «M«iilulJy IinJla1tr«* lu inorit i*on«uta 
lA \U membldnco to a model with wlikK tr^ art aI- 



^^ 




fder. HctioQ it i» that die anccfloUtt v^U^ 
ni miwt MtQiifjiv >n »iithiinlic nnmitin! «rt c^E^tiiii 
whi-a iuiroOutvi into [lui^U; ikil whftt Urolk^l lli 
romHUtk pvt ut' hbtorj Ii ui bet tbo IvmC ruunulM 

pf«v)o>ufl outioiis of human njuurc. ftud of ih*f ci 
tiiui of caOHM anil cfTrrl:*. It U* on ikftt very 
^linrJtin^ Mif! u>oo[i^ruu«i4 in ficlson. En fioikin, 
liEittdpltd tn^ ^^^n> to Jifid tko fiictK: in hbtorVf tii 
Ku'ifl arv ^v^n, to Hm] ch« |'mii:i|>k<i ; mill titr* writo/ 
hIii>iJuu) not vxpUin tbo i^bt-JiooKCia «a wvll w Mj 
ihtnn iwrfonm onlj i^iivliHlf uf Im «4licY. FHCto iti 
ths- iivftvdroMof livlory. It blrom tii« aUtract 
wliic-li intcfp«nelrnlc« tbrm, and lica btca^t nmonit ll 
like gold in ilio oro, cW the ixuu* dcrivm iu w] 
roltici and tlic 5krnrK>iu partic|r« nre pmi'nilljr 
blncd wiUi (ho biiM<r in kicIi % mnnitcr UtnC llw 
ralioD ft a laak tfT thv utotvit dJIGcuJtjr. 

lI«reThuerfili(li9i i« dciici«Dt: ilio dvl>ri«nrj\ ini 
u not tlMorodiuble to lira. It vm tbe itiunt^i 
tfEocI of drcuniBUncA. It w«a in the nature of 
ftocomfy tliBt, in sntno |«rt fif >U pn:igm9 throug^k 
poKlical ifWtfice, tlic liuman iiue»J iImtuU nuirh that 
^niDt which it attaiiivd In liu limcv Kmtvrlcdgv >d* 
Tanctt hy fCCfA, asd iiul hy Ivmja- T|ji> h>i<)«ji^ of j* 
Bn^tili dcbatjag dub wotdd ii^vu Imvq ilartliiqt avl 
m^'tcariijiiif pandoxw to Um inoit «nfl^i«iMd Matw 
•itfD of Atbma. But it would W »a alMwd Ut ffcak 
■ontcrmptwtUAlj' of th« Athi/nian on ihii accoont ait Xa 
ridicvle Strabo fjv not harln;- pvcn us an aotoniit of 
rihiH, or to talk of JPuAcmy ai wo talk of Sit Ricl 
Pliilliptt. Still, when w« wiab Jot aolid soqgrapl 
uifo<n»atnin, «« nuut imrfior the >ol«aui coacoculiy 



BISTORT. 



S9J 



P]Jllt«ff1iDli 1o the iK»Uc wovk <i( Smbo, If w« wantM 

lult tbi- HiUinA girl truui n Uurdiitj; vc1iu>jj, rallH-i: tlijjt 

Xirac^ifidM WM aiKloabtviilv a M^cicns anil n>flr«i- 
Mff man. Tliu c1«rlj appura iVom tKv nbiJi^ willi 
whicli bddbbmwn pnunirfll qu^lioiiK. Itnt tbr tJil«tlt 
of dKidkxig r>n iIl<^ virc-iioutant'N of n farlfcuhr <A^ ii 
often pctifiwi in ihc ni^lmt jHirt^'ctioii bv |»cnr}aii 
iJiwiiUa d* iliu |>awc^ ijf g«nvt>lLiviiim. ftt^ji dclllod 
m Ui<$ Rjlilary tactli» iif civitued natigm liavv been 
umucd at tbv fnp<nghtedncMi niid |>imc4f&ti»fl vrJiicfi a 
Mi>liawk diffiiaji in omicQrtitig tiJA ffliuf£gein«i of vn 
ilbooftiiiig tbo0o of li« cucmjM. In Rnf^Ijuail, no dav 
jifiTiwin nn »Bt-b r^ that pneultAr ability whirlk U m> 
quifMl for con»(iuctirig iiig«iiii<u« »cb>>in«^ atM lt>r oU 
vittinit rcdiocc difficoitiw^ u tho tlucvca uud ibo tbitff ' 
uktiiv W<in*fTt kira in-^ra «f UiU doNi«rity ihan nwii. 
Lawjen bflvt- fnoru oJ it Ouui ■utcmea: kiuti^mqicti 
lnv« toTfsi iji U tlian |4uloAophcr», Mo^ik luid mora 
«f iL tKau Hamnfrioo uod ^t bU duK Walpolo hud 
annr i>f it tluui Aibun Smidi or fkwwia. Jni^^< tbc 
Apocira of di(>c4i^iiLA bj uUiob thU donl^ty i> ftrqnirod 
tanck to eti(iUiu.-t iLo uiiiid, and lo ri^odnr it incaimbb 

Tbo Orvtmm aauamvo of tbv a^fe of Tbu(.)<iid^ 
wtrv lUitingiitfhod bjr thctr ftfMrdml n^uciiv, tbeir 
lH%bl iftto moiivutt liioir ikiil iii d-^viHiig ntouiA for 
iho BlluuBCTkt of ^air «nJs. A Muti^ of wM-ictj tii 
wUcb tbo Mt wcTA cfiiuiAiiily pLuiniiifE llio o;>pre*i3Qii 
of tbu favir. uiit tbe fivir tli« ft;>oli»Jiofi ^f tbr n>}i, 
IB wbJcti iIhi lid of puty bad ftu|>i-ni^t.il tliovo of 
mmtiyi fau vbich rvruLuticcu and covntvr ivrolation* 
ran araiti «f dailj occurrcscu, WM oauuvllx ^otiBc 



^^^ 




I 



Iq dc«|ieff«te «nd crmAjr ftobtical adnmaran* \ 
WM% ll<« ttry >dio(i1 in wbich mtfzi wcr« KMy U 
•i:4|air9 (b« difAijiiuliOiwJi of HiLOiiiu Ui* judiiSo«l 
tvn»enty cf RjrlMlit.ii, iho pnivtnitkai* tbr «A]oi 

bj; t!voiit« vrUich fpii'e mi inucli tnthorli/ lo tbo cogH' 
Bcl of ShftAetboiy ihid ** it wu fti if a ontn tiad hi* 
^tutmd of th« gncU of God." In xhh ncbooS Thu- 
cgrdiik* ttudied ; sail W wi«iloia n ttut wliicli such i 
iciuul would luUnrally ftSbrd. lie jnd^ bfttiv 
drcuitaUuKM* U»ii v( pxvK^lm- TIm laon « qi 
tkOii u iurr»ur«d, iJw bviter Im niftwjtis upvn tt, llii 
work HiK^wU numj^ moot iiDportant coaudonaKuu r^ 
>peolii^ tlw firvl jirbdpica of f-ortmncnt «nd flbonk 
iJie ignraili of &iioai, ihc or^ftoitttkm of Arnuai, Md 
t}iv lAiilua] rrI:U*<)iv4 nf coouMuDiliB*. Y^l alt Itw gM> 

Ui* 1U4M1 jiKlivU-iw rcMurk* ditlvf &<mu tJur mii«Hn 
at » ritlT/ |>hiloMif»tunl lu-tunaii, lu « mm comodT 
coat op by « boc>k-kwjiur Cro«n ■ gumrral axprwion 
diacowvd b^ ui algubniit. TIjo fttniwr i« oidbJ oalf 
bt A aia^ tnuuftctiion ; tlie UlUr nui/ bu ftppU«d to tf 
infinite tiunbcr of caw«. 

TJiM ojiinua vrilfi vir« fivr, bv onmadand m bM«^ 
odciK. For, not to Vfiunk of tbo illiiBon whkb tb* 
fighi 4)f a Urwk tjp*, or tbv suund of a Qrwk ifi^ 
thuiif;i ofUiA pnxiuwh (bora am «onw peculiuitia te 
the Buiiicc of TbuOTdKiei vlikb in no omU dcgnc 
luw tiaU<d w f ncuit^ to bin tlis ittpatnioB «f |ir»- 
Audit/. Hi* book it cTvLeallj tbe book of a Mia aai 
1 •tAtomun ; And in Oiiii ns«p*ci pznMUiiJi a nma^AUi 
nmtrwi to tlio ddigbtful chibli«biMi« o^ HorvdocnL 
T]irijoi{)iixii it Uim» is «n *jr of nMUoitvl pommr, of 
gravv uid meUncholj^ nflMMB. of impuniai^ mg 



« 



nVTUKl' 



hlUttlll Mt1f-<^4nuiiLMi^ His rcvlitif:^ ar» mrrlj til 
dbljpcdt And BpiwdiEj nrpmird^ VQ]|(>r ju Lsjudicoft tA 

tn»b wilh H LNjId Aiid Etobvr iludujj fK<culiiir tu Idiu* 
«tf. Uk bC^'Ic ill wuigiity, ooHfionfcti* antitboboU, nntl 
not unfir^quaiily oWiitc« But, vrlicn wc look it Iim 
polidcaJ pliHoeoplijr. wid^put r?ji:airi to ihcse dmuB- 
ftmscts, VK find hjia lo hnvo bocn. whnt indcn) it 
woafd liAve bi^ii a nutvild iT tie had riot Lmii, Minpiv 
An Athenian of ihft iifUi century liofore Chmt. 

X«no^lion u coiunionly |il»xd, )ml wv iJitnk witli' 
out much rtttivoii, ui tbv miuo nmk with UirctKlotus ftod 
'Hiticyili'Jut. Uo rc«anl>lo« tii«tn» indocd, in tJie purt- 
<j ftnd fiwcotDQBt of Ua style ; but* in ^jiirit, li« miicr 
ieM!cn1}1«B tlitt liter school of hUlomruk wtiate warla 
tocn 1ji b<; fitbln fwnpnaixl fnr k nii^ral, and who, i» 
tbc£r M^m^u to ^v« u) wumhigi an<l oiAinpZoL, Cot* 
|i;cl to jprr tu men and womco, Tho J^fb uf Cynia, 
*ji«tli«r wo |(>oL u|xin it u a lu»t<if7 or « n iVAMMif, 
fe«en» to 03 tt vi:ry u-n-tclivd pvifunipuicu, Tbu coipi^ 
ifition of tlie T«n Tlu>TajHid» an.i iLo Uictoi^- of Gfis 
don Aflkin, Ar« certainly ^ItAont rt«di£ig; but ilu^ 
indx^tf no f^rfiil jn^ircr nt^ mind. In tnitb, Xctii^lilioiu 
Ihongh hi* tA«ti« WJ0 «lc(^ut, Iu9 dUpr<utii-4k anuaUn, 
ml hu iii1«icour>« iritJi tJie world cKti-iia^ir, had, we 
««*pwtt mUier a weak li«ad. Such wu evidently iho 
■Ti'iniixi of (bsl uxtTsonlmury ouui W wboni litf VMfiy 
lUtachvd hinuvir, and for trbosc mviuury \ve «nl«rtAliii^ 
An Idokinntf TieQonuon. Ko canw in ooly for Uiv 
nilk vnth wUch SocnOw Bourialiod Ids b«W> in jihl- 
Laiifiljy. A few NftWA of nuffftlkyt uid a Itw t>f il>« 
k±utpl«t doctrnas of catunl roli^on, w«rr foioni^i f r 
tJiv good joun^ mail. Tbo itftmg mvat, tlc^ bol^ 
Ijwctiklioiu on phyvcaJ and luatapliyutal k%«-ji>^ ^vt\ 




IIt»T<>RT. 



nm r rf^ lor *udlion uf « di(F?r«n> tlciicripiMn. Rim 
ditf tftwlcvB ItAbtU of A captftin of ■lorrvnan' Wm^\ 
cikulJ luit dianjc<? tkc im't^nfrT whl^^ l)i« obinicur 

hirv rvbuncd b foft of hmllicti PuriUnboi. 1h€\ 
WDtldttomj of pioty tnJ ririuo v1ik-Ii tlKfond iii M« 
ttwio aro tluue nf a vrfll-moimn^ non, i^iucwhtt 
timid Ami luirnkir^niindHl, (tDVi:iiiI fmtn etmuhM^tn^ 
rtUlor llinn fn^rn nUbnHl ojnrirlrmi, 1|«i wu w Aiptfw' 
Btitioui as JltfTtxIotut, but in a way frr fdorr oftcnum'' 
Tlw vary pveulijintw* which ctiAmi ui in »n ittEuit. 
tkn tootlJ— iattuiULn^\ llie ■tununi'riii^'. the UAtwaj^^. 
thn hg l plfni w , tbc rawolc^fl uan mad IsoglilFT, ira 
cli^'u9<Inf* tn oU 1^^ In tbe MD3« QUAncr, tbi- aih- 
lurciUr nludi precede a prnnd tid' gjenml btU^'tf^^iKti' 
i« oi^co fif^Aiiig ; Ihsa wliLch fuTl<nn it In nin1«Qiptib1«v' 
T!]« Duovmv tft* Ucroilutitf i* Uiut of ■ b«bv. Tl 
nuu«n*u of lL«oo|>liun in iIiaC of^ <luianL Tib 
libauitlrauiui. OBcmi, «ii4 jjcx^ibi^rint, jiMrrnl n oti 
coniAft to th0 |iiiii^M in iriiich the fJirMrd tbd 
creditlovu TtiiMydaIn n<fftioiw ttrc popuW «ii|>orkti-] 
tioiff. It ■ not cpjat^ f)tMr tlijU Xffiopboii vfna hemt±\ 
in KU mJuliir; }lU hAn^nri-^m wa^ in wftii« d«)CnM 
|iolitic. IIq wtmid kit* laado an excellcnl tiiQwber of 
tUo ApofLiolic Cmii^IIa- Atj alonnitc bj tiiturv, «ii 
uiMocm b}" party, lie earned to «i umwr^iublc tfx-^ 
iMH hU bomir cf pop&Ur turbalennc. l^io (|u)i'l^^ 
■troolty ot S[ArtA did not sbock liLm in Oi*^ >june iMn- 
ll«r) Ibr III- lis:4d tumuli mor? lluivi criniiti. Hv v**^l 
i«mrou» In ^ml n'<irAMiM nlikb mt^fu oirb tlir j»*-^^ 
•ioiH of ibe midlitudc; tttd he abMtrdTy &i>cj«(l tU 
li* hwl foai>d than In ■ nii{pcci wjtbovl viidciKW or 
tfliiciivtii prwcfiCi or csmnplei, in < frigid «p1«D d 
TtuMfditloBtbropy, ■u|i pOTt<4 by tvarucry t&ltt^ 



i 



L 



nntoAT. 



395 



^Bnntft of fiiru; anfl ht^f i\imr merit ««iil«. TIm^ 

Wfc™ Doi nion of ruiiiprchuiviii^ tamd* ; ibcy liad not 

ihn mrt uT telling a ttory in un rnti?r«fltinig minnor. 

LJjtf wnlcn vrbo, though lev fttutlioiiA of truth ttinn llicm- 
^Br<vs imcl<TfEf)(x! flir 1)0lU>r the vi of priwliirin^ tf- 

^■Yirf ['olyHim m:! Arrun d*^»crfc Iiigh praiw wh«i 
^jfi)p3ir»1 witb tlie wrilen of thjtt nfbocJ vf wliicb 
I'lntttfcb mtr Ik (.onfidc^Tvil ut l!ii? ht^wl. Fur ihu hi»' 
lortun of tliU dstt we miut cour«>v^ (hai wq <.<nl«TUin 
ft ptN^uliur ftrtrsioo. Tlic^' «0(3n to have bx-n |>i<(UiiU( 
wbo, tli&ii^li ikniitueo of ihi^nc rnlimhl^! rjiiantit-^ irhich 
ftffl fr^q^tviillj f>iirxl in odnjnnrtion nitli potLinti^, 

1 Ibooglit thciuK-h'Tdi gM*t plnlono^hon nnd grcta poll* 
ticuui*^ Tlify iio( oah nu^l^ji'I l.hvir hM<}t-n Iti vnity 
pige, u to pMlvraW ^oU. but lh^- Mppv«r t<^ haw lil* 
lOgvtW mitccificeivf^ iIk w\it>\'i chftntc-t^r of ih<» llmi^ 
of vUcI) ifwy write. Tlu')' ""i-rv InbuljitjuiU of uu i«u- 

^nn bouoded br il>c AtUmu^ ('conn and the Eujikni' 

HL^ the W^Scyvliit ami the Mmbnf MAuriUn^j 

^rhose jvlitv-n, «lm»^ cnmt-^aajicv* (nfl fdinjilfxiim*, 
^^kn» wpji.-ly difliTcnt ; ^irrTHHl by one inijiUty ilt^ 
^Rdvnt, vrhlrh lfn<i m<m on tho niin« gf b tliouHad 
, na miiionwttilihi nnd kii];-ilciim. Of liberty, rach a» ii 
I^K io email dnmoL-rsripj, ijf j^Atriotii^ni, i-ikH a« it li in 
^■lAJlFin'kponJ^.'Oi commcinitiiM c{ any kind, tltt^y had, 
. ind iHeyi^auM hai-o, no experiment a] knuwlnlpr. Bui 
I llwy bail rcwd <iif nwn •c'lo «A«rtnJ lhcitticU-«i in iIm 
I amm of Uku" c<;iintrv nUli an «ireiu;j' uiikj>o*»n in 
Mr tu&oa* wbo liad vio!at«d ilw dc&rcit of dofiwMtc 
I ^Ittritiea. or r^Iunianlf ^l^vocvd -Lt^uualvM to dcttiK 



A 




1|lb^X»VT. 



« n-ai«tofl 



Ifai lJi<» piiUk- good ; Kiid iW/ wuinJonAl »l tlie Jritm 
oncy of iMr ronXempant^w, U iicnn'oocurTcd u, 
ihtfBl ibst lb(T ftdicip vhicTi they bv S'^^L^ »liaiiiU 
i^iwg IWni l-xv] >iid uocvMttkMl cAuMv; Uijit tlicj vii] 
dvksrv gn>w up ;|Mrot«ntfotiiJj in mall iHicHftiG* ; mni 
lliai, in Lvgv s^mpirrft, ilK'Ugh thtr nwy bo fbrotfd 
aE«t«ncu for « ahort tiu*; 1/ jtcvnliu- oirainMUiic«% 
ihej mutot bo pmenil or prntiackrni. Il u irapOMibU 
thtl «njr m^n likoald fi^ri for 4 IVo-troM co 
fioiiUtT ai }it? IvoU fur lii« own (i»ti*L- ^ tW 
griei^ for a liirfuAl in whi^li ten thoD^^utd [foupiv 
bo nvrvr mv Im^v fuUi'n m bu |^tfvu« Cvr « duAmt 
irliicti bft* half ujif«v|ilinl tlw 4nftt in wlncb hv livo ; 
thai lie ihould loaict )ii« lioinc fur a miliioiy cxpoJUka 

order 1o piNjAvrvo the tftbuicu of power, m cboi.-rful}y 
'^Rs bn wovild Icftve it in repel invEuftrn h ho liftil b<|giiii 
to briirri 4II tH<t corri r>o1iL4 iti bit nt-i^hUiiirbvid. 

Tb(^ writpfv ur ^botn wi« ipL^i^ tlir^iild bai'v cmI»* 
Btdarod Uitf. Thvj nlkould huvt.^ cvciuivrwl tbat bi 
ptttriotkni, tnicli u it vxi^lvd aiuunpt tl» Grveki, Uitrrt 
«» ttoUuii£ cvtonifany and ^UrmnJIy good; thai ui 
e:cc1iasiV0 ailAdtmcct u> a |iarticuIar>ocKty, Uiotiicli 
natvral, and, Dudi-r rcrtain rt^tricttoi^ a looa uvfUt 
•coliiwml, implim no rxtnwdiniirv nifiuniiimta Iri 
don or rirttie ; llat, wbecv tl hia cxiitoil in ut io 
itj^n. Jt laa luntod ttatiM into gai^ uF rubbm wJi 

ttxuttui fidelity h»« n^dtrvd mora dvig«n^i»« Ium 
'giTietk a chftmcter of jHWulisr atrocity to war, and baa 
j;e«wraU?il tLat wi>nt of all [^iiirml cvih, tlia tjTanby 

nitiom over nLiiion*. 

KalliAiiMAlirvlly atladiod ta Uut n^ma of llfaartyi 

loM liUtoriaiia tmuM^d rbMndrei liulo aUmt t 
[deinitiofi. Tbe SparlajUi tomaiitcd by ten 

natnuM, upftblv » ^«n tbrnidvai m 



li an 




UaTOBT* 



Rfli 



*Aoice iiT llidr wivea. thdr wppenu or tiieir coropAnr. 

^iruliiiT 4(jl<>, f;lori<iJ in lli^r iibtrrir. Tho AfUtucracjr 

tW tavuimtcw uf till* jwitjrk-. In xUa*t^i oil itiu lilU« 

Ivxt fbr m<;a«irc« ditvoUxl iipLln^c crcrvthio^ vrLidi 
»«)u» liberty valiinbic, for mi^aurvs w)i»di £ttfl«d di»- 
cii>ao«i« oomtplnl theailmmi&U'atioaiof jiMtico,andf|i9 
rDiiragod the wciimnlAEir^n of pr<f|Hny. T!ic vrilMn, 
wtiiufi work* we are r'JOAiik'riritj^ L-urilriutnW l^^« wunj 
tritli till? lubstuncc, and lijf; ineukk ntdi thu aid. TLdi 
inmgiDaticinii wifre JjiflainocI \>y mysicry. Tbey Mit- 
cuTed ot Ubtfrtv tu moiilu coauclvo of inw, lu tiuckncrya 
conecare of tho bapponcii and Iiuioccnco of raral tilb, 

And GroM-cnor ^j^ture, QiTciiiaplUbrH MMrquodw nnd 
haEkdumo ColouvU nf t[j« UvininjA. Eu tJiv ivUliou of 
tvcut«, jiikI till; UnJinvaiioi] of clumcknt tbv^r bAre 
pttiii liulo nUvniitiit lo facU, to tlio cotluuM of llio timoi 
of wlticlt tbvy ;firv(e[u] to irvtit, <jr lo iTiu ^'iiw^l prin- 
dplw uf hunan nttmr* Tkuy tmro bowi fiUtlJul Wy 
to tlicir own puiTnIc and cxtravngvtt lIocUiin*, Gen* 
vHkV snd Bt4ii>jiDeit arc [ner^rnorpJioatfd iJi£o ungmnl- 
tsoiH ooxcomttf, from wboic faUome virtDOs wc lora 
■wajF wit^ cilkgiixt. Ttjd fine tayin^ ftiiU vi^Kntvof 
t)»<«r huroM iMiLiti4 x» uf tlitf iiuuQvr^bltf )itfr&CLUijt» at 
^rr Ourlcfl OnuidbQfir uid afll-ot us with k mcMn 
ti^jUuT til \l\ixi U'lucli w« r^l wli^ii JUL itctur* tu ujie cf 
Iforton'ft or Kotecbtto*! ^^^y^ l^y* ^>* Ifkd un lui 
Uori, advflr..7io to (li<* j^^Qnd-UgbUt AJ^ raouih* a 
■Mrvl Aenieic« br the MlitiokLjon of tli« jpnK 

31mB vrilen, hmoi w^o Icncw nil what k wu to 
HVP ft ecvDlry, tnuu wb(> liad n^rvr ui^ojtd |K4itiv«J 



■ 



i 



fM 



■BTOBT. 



lAirkiliini mil kc«1 for frecdont. What ihc Fn^itlil 
i'uritftnt dsil Tat tlw Uiigu«g? of Cbrttllukity, w\mI 
SfCuUen (Ikl fur thi* b:ij;aft|^ of lorvi!, Itit) ilid fitt 
lli« IfljigUB^ of fniblfc Ki'iriL br liaUtuJ cjoiggcv^ 
Qon ihifj madt it mcui. By inviiijionutLi fWplitiii^ 
tbev mwb it fcelU. Tbvy obuW it lill !l 
tutv^'ty ivCpmIIu tr) 11*0 \x wflli rS.'fU 

Their ordinary rules of monfltj ftro (Mu^rd from 
txtrcn>R coAci. I'lw c>aminnn r^gintcn whicli tli«]M 
jiiiracnbfi for nmriny U mxA*. iip of iIj^im itnAptra^ 
lie* wliicli uiilv ill nionl ilf^ienace dittempi-n r»> 
Tliur look ttiili |ivculiiir coanplacvncy ooi octioMJ 
rbkli «vvH tho»v ^hij u]i['ntvv iLvui <x»(»ij«c aa oxcvpJ 
'lioiw lo laws of feliiKpt anivLnu] ftpp1k*atlun — wliicU 
botr to dow an ftfimtjr to tli^ tno«t sirodouA nrinM 
|tftfUi <rven vWtr it uliy be unjiint lo crtuurv lh«m, 1l 
nitfttfe Id pnaac xhtm. It U not ninnge, ihurfbiVi 
lint Mm« llftgitiiHa EiuUik-m of perfidy and cTtiuhi 
111 hfttc bcvn iiuiod iuicluJlciig«d in fucb 
r» that ^ve ndraJitts, with &o ]Hrr>onB] inl 
at bUlLv, hIiouJc] lmr« eitoUcJ. tn the lilghcflt 
|dcc<la uf wtucLi tbe ■iroci:y a(i|>allvil vrfu tho 

bctioRi In wtio«L- rauM tFvrV wi-fe |jrr]HTtrttoil. 
k(* pdrt irliicli Timoleon tnok in \hc BMAwnittit>n of 
lU broUwr tUiciK'J CDAnr i/ hUuwn ^artiaajin. Tba 
tuCnlAtvtioa of it pfvyvnl I'-ii^ <ia hit own nbtil, Bml 
it wa» TtsrtTtd lor bUtoriaiu «>io li^fd »o«n^' timtim* 
kaior lo ilarover tliat hU «in<]i>rTt wna ■ ^rivUK ilujfUj 
«f iinwsand tokmcnt llut, iVon the frailty of bi 

ft mAH wlio coqU porlbrm m gitot ui ozploil' 
'cimld npont of it. ' 

TW writiRgi of tlica^ mittt ^^^ ^^ 'hear naixlcifii hmU 




tuttuJK 



^^k 



i 



UTOfer 

rite Eagliili hftTt boon M Lomg ftfrufttoniMl to politicjil 
ipor«lAl!'»ift, Mid lure «njoj^ no Itrgf ft mMtiiirA- nf 
prvtkA) lib«rlj, tkat hmU wnrk* Imva priiditocd liulfi 
aObiJt on tlirjr nujtd*^ U'v kivi<i rlo^ical Bwwnoticav 
Lnd gT\«l ruiiti:-! cf our uwn vlii^ wa cno ccmflileiitT/ 
ujipoM tv tbp tiio«t Kjilcn^Kl of Anc^ont lime^* St'oaw^ 
b» ooi to oor oua a 40und ^o verK-ml^lc u PuTliamfnlJ 
We n>p4*rt ihft GruoJ Clurtrr mftm ilun tfcn Umi of 
BoJoflk. 'ritfi CftpiUit tind thr> Fumtn iinpm^ n* witli 
lav uwe llijin our ovn WwtmiiMtLT TIaII vu^ W«4b^ 
mtftBtor AbbcT, llic plac* «rbofr Iho grnt nitit of 
t<runl/ g««kvratiugi« hii\v contviitlf-d, th« phoe w^ro; 
ikij' fl«op tOgolhcT ! Tli« lijit of warrion and >tii] 
uon by vrhem cnir eon^tftulion wo« r->m>doi!l of 
terrtsd, fnm De MuniJbrt down u» Fot, may well 
vUisd M ft>m|xiriMTi wilb tha Kivvti ol^ ItMtMv Tlin 
dying llbtitk^tfiviii^ i^ Sydnoj h tvt nohI« m th^ 1£h*- 
tion tfhicli llinwcu pr>Qjrvl to Liberatiog Jutq: «r»J 
V15 iJiinh «ri(li fur hn fAimnrv nf CaIo U«riiig out bb 
vntnuU limn uf Riu«cR MjiniTi >« bt* trim<^] awtiy fmni 
bL4 wlfi*< that itio UlUviM^ of ikftth wiu fiMl. Erta 
llKivj jmriA of our bittory <i*«r wbicb, on ran« oc* 
counlji, WA waald gtodlr tbTnir n vnil muj Iw i>r<miil]yj 
-T|)po«i*(i to llwe OB whirK tliik mnralifltA nf antw{»ity 
timxi cno«t to dwrlL Th? enemy of Biif;tnii tibpriy 
«U ix'l mnrdurviJ bj n>fn wlhini he had pArduiii^ whI 
lotdLHl Willi b«ii«ib. Uv wtw ii'X HtabL»4 in iluv b»cb 
iy (buH; wbii imiEcd and cHng^ bofucu bv Imv, Uv 
n* vnnqfuijliir-l u(i ftold^ of strickon bftit1# ; b« wav u^ 
ra^od, wntf^nvl* ftwl exenuod \m th^ &c<> <irbo«mi 
4i>d Mrtli' Our tibfrt^ U nriihcr 0rL4.-k ixn* Ronttn ; 
Uit i^Mmtially EiiitliMi. It W :i c1iarl«^(«7 ■/ itn 
— a chancer wlik^i Iiaa i*kwn a Unj^ &o«n tbp vcni 
■mu of cbv ottivalro^i ag*^ and whk^ accord* wiib 



400 



BDIVOlVi 



■ 



iba pcculitfiiitt o' our imiiAcn an<l of our Imukr tii^ 
mlioo. It bu A Un>iiuhcet loa, of ib owmt and x Uo- 
poffi ma^Uxly tdJum^Ui:, full uT nwuiiiig to mn >lroi, 

Ucra, tbcraforo, ilia ofbct cf bo«b nch u ilk«» 
whict w« b>v^ boen coM^ariog bu bwo hannkw. 
TUjOv luvr, in^crd, given cormncjr ta nunjr vcr^ ovn^ 
iMmui opinkifu wtch raifMct lo Anricnt IuaIot^. Th*y 
liui'« btBlvil tlitf unagiiutiocu v( bc»_rk TI?Pjr bavd 
mulod ike jacl|^jx-jit umI eorrupl«d the uua of aooifl 
n*» U" U4t«r>, Mich w AkwiWhlii uitl Sir WaiM* 
JoMB. But un ponooi a|fCl^cGd ia public mActi Umj 
btvo b*d TV7 liuk) influuitoe- Tlid biutdAiioiM of <tvt 
cotwiitubaii wero kid bjr ttten vbo Int^w ncidnitg uf tbv 
Qne«k« bui tbic iJiiijr ckiucd Ebn mtl^Jox |Hrt>ccMdo«* 
iwJ cIm«Ui1 iW Cnua<lBr«i and nodidig of Hatm, 
Uit lli«t thtr Pupe lived Uitfe. IIkw) vbo feJIoMtnl, 
:^nt«ntud UwiOMdvu vrjtb Un^iraTJag gn tliv wi^piMJ 
pUi). Xliey ChiikJ model* a; boB* ; und iInvvIqiv 
tbiiy did not iook tot Uuwi abroid* Uut, wbcQ <tt- 
BghUMwl nwn oa tbe CufUuiMC bqgtn lo tUnk aboQt 
poUtica] fvfomiarinn, bai-to^ im jiattimu bcfiMV tbair 
cyta III ibcir dometbc kittory, llicy iMturally lifld r^ 
ciNUM to UiCM ponaaici* of antiqttitj, tJi« atudjr «f 
wlucU U ocMndcnd Umwgbwt Korop* u u impo^ 
last pan uf «limtka. Tb« liMturianA of wbutn w« 
bave been fluking lad bocti nvmibcn of ^ups flooh- 
aiuniu<«, and votfjocta of Abaolol* aovsruifiDi. Hcnm 
^ it, a« we bare alrwdj Mid. tbat Uun^ comiiint lurb 
gmai mrrtn in ipMkiftg of tJk« Kuk rppwUica of ao- 
liiiailgr. Their irOTfcs wen now read in tb« ifiinl in 
«hkli tbcj bso booi unUcii. Tbe^ w«iv md by 
man plaoad in cucuiiuta«c« clo•^r ■wn bU flg \\vm 
two. nTi|iMiiiKrf whb tbo real oatora of Ub«ir^. bat 



dkJKfi 



i 



mffTOKT. 



m 



aaclii^ to b«di««tf <jv«f^-iluiic C^^ wliich couJd hv luM 
ni^ficiiiig ll Uow powcrfuJij ikvo books imprvMl 
lb«w ffhttibtivtt rvf4vini*rs Ift wolk kiiovti to all irJio 
Mre paid Any atti^ntiuoi u> tlu- Fr^nrh titrrvurc af tbo 
khl ri-nliiry. lti)t> f*fTha|jA, the. vnlrj on in}ii>ni \\inf 
fcinliu'cd Olti |(rv4l«>t vfln't kan \ itloiur Aliwti. in 
Aoaoe of liU pls^* jmrticukriy in Virgmuu Timoloon, 
■iiil Itruiufi ti» Vouni^r, 1m Jum (jvwu «irkuiiu«d IJ>« 

U vr&4 twt fttmngo tliat Uto bliniJ, thiu ltd br iho 
UiJOilt atumU tcuuibla. Tha tiuiM.ctiij[]4 ut' tit- Prvn<4 
KevoJniion, b wnu; DKnmn^ tnok tlunr Hiamdrr from 
tbtao woHwv. Withoiil ll<« MtfcslaiH-e of i\t«m woriUi 
uuleod, k tviolQlioh b'uuM b«^i; lakcn pUcct^& nv« 
tJiiuou produtjiivt! of mucJi gooU and roudi «viL v*> 
iiiun^ioud lut tliunlived. i«vil du«r1y purchucd. biiC 
divmblc gootl. Bbt it wttuld nol hftvi} boon exactly 
•ucb ft roToliuiou. Th^^ hwltt, i3»o ur<yA»(iriM, v^iuil 
imru liL-nn in nuny n»i>vct4 di^tirciit I1u:rc ironla 
i»r« liMUi Inu of bnmljoft m UaguA^ 1«dM of nffrr« 
Ulkio in mvirkr-Tt tna of wlt^imi ttiAiii^ aud o^tiiHn- 
Imw iiin|>iicity. Thu act* of kgislatire aMvmbJiu*^ 
•nd t^ oum»]JQ«iiltaict! of dtploiuatkt*, wvuld iiot liavo 
hoen dii^gmced by nuiU 't riiiy only of a oollc^ docJa* 
tnibtion. THe i^vc-nmcnE of %. grett ami polbbcd 
oaiioa would lurt Ixavv a*n<le»id ilAulf ndictikiiia by 
tftWiqadn^ U> fWivc tl>a um^^ of • woo'Id vrbic^ b«d 
ln|| |iniTtrd awiiy, or mtlivr iif h nxiild wlurlk hnd iiciv«r 
ttii4«ii «JGC«ri>l >n tlio deccjiplioQ cf ■ Euktutic tdiool 
l/ mricrrt* Tlivto i4<:oi>d-b«EiJ Iiuicttion*^ mawblod 
Uio orijctittl* ubcat u Buch oit Ui« dtaiiail Immi wtth 
■Idcb (lie Doctor in Pctogrinc Pickk turned Um KUnm 
tcba «f all \tH ffiKitA rM'»mbl<>d ono cf the inppcani of 
rfttt'uiloi jtt thv Hall of ApoUo, 
in 




to:! 



TImm ir«nt mtn% ItiXUo*. But iti« «^rit 
I br ihmt> wnt«r« prodonul more svri'JtB HTuvta. 
C^r^tior pnrt of (Im crJaiiai whk-b dit^uc^ tho rrrol 

n iprang bihod firom the ivTAXntkiii <*( Inir, 

tTr4a itMi &iir of forn^ MiiMfiMal. fhim r^ 
ity, Irvm uibiLifiD, fmm |or(y-«fifrtU Riil nany 
trocloos pfvcuodkiKi ittuvt* dooUk^i, bo aicnbcit t6 
IkaChI iua^Uiiaion* to |Mrv«c1ad |;ti0ciplo, bo « (fi*tBtl* 
lit wlidt «iu rtilcnr ii) Difrfvli, aii<l a [wBnoii Tor wliat 
vtoitGlig and <ialjii>ui^ Mr. \Uakm hn fmcbod oq 
«Mb}»et with g^tal fclkitj of oKjrresuon ; " TIid 
.t^ ihvtr rtpiihlk'.** tttr* )ii-\ " U UhI in monJ 
!|EViilM4^ All ilinptf tjntfliHui* lo Im nmml in liUfofTi 
irhH^or rml or fiibuluuv vf m ^tuUtftd puh\ht «p<rif, • 
^irluefa mnraiicj U pvr]4nwl, tviurHi u 4ft|S'rrvd, uhI 
rbicb nfflrlgliittd ittUm r>ii:iMlft, m ihdr *:h<mm 
md ftlmoBt auk ojuunfdo* fo€ ike nvdnKlion of ihmt 
Eih.** ThM oriL. wv Mwr** i« ti> b« dirortly 9^ 
^erilwd to the utfliMnco or tli* hirtoruiu whvn «c ban 
ncodniird, and llt«u miodaRt mutunni; 

Lirj hod bmd« ftntu in ouniiMn nith t}i««* writ«r«* 
Uottm tlbe wbolu be ouM be comzdeird lu fonning 

bj hMNAvLfi no JiMlnriui mh -^Uom wo «rv 
^^mlolvd bsi sliowii BO c<iuipl«t« iw iitdfffi-rdwe M 
ttiitJi- Ue >Bcau to liftv« caral nnlj about the prt»< 
^«o tAtft of hh linokt uid iJm bofrour of hb ro«i»-^ 
Oit the Dibiv hand, wc do Mt kooir, in ibn wbobi 
iwi^ of NtitTariint, u imOnK* i^ » Wl thiti^ w wrfl 

virid and (cnrv^l. Tfc* ^btuukRco or interttitiiig 
■MHJBwte and »pl«mlid ImcMTj in Uio »^ic«clni 

BvnwabMM- H\* iiund is a acdt whM^h mi i»evit 
knrtvmodt a AMmiftin vliidi ncror acan» to 



i 




UUTOUt. 



m 



ft pom (i>n)t ptohtnlyi jtn it ^vm no sljtn t^ vjc* 
httiuUoii. Jt wu iiTofaflUy (o itiU cvuK'raiwv of 
tliotif*|]t and laoipinfjg, nlvnivi fn.^, nlHiLya ttwvt% 
d»:%yi fiurc, nn MMVicr jk-ldrvi than r^airrd^ Ihot thi 
criiii-'v ufii-Ticd Lint «ji]3te'woa wliick bM bHD «> rnmr'a 

Aft lite merits »nd all tli-« <lefrcU of Livj tal:» a 
eolvitrinf^ from tlie dianururof hi; nni^oiu !!■;«»■ 
vrni«r jAAituHy RoiiMn ; ilu pfi>ii>j tidxcn of a ec>n- 
niDnirenllli which liiid uipcIvm] IoA tlio r«aliiy ttT lllwriy, 
but wLicb mUI «icr«d[jr prcjcrvod iMlorito- — in IbrtJ 
tiM Wi1>jtct '/ ftn :iirbatr«fy iirincii, hut in lii4 <iwn TAti*] 
WBtion onouf themwienoi tl»«torlili«tdl ■ linndMl 
kingi bdow KJmi, md onlr tli* gvdf aboiv^ I'lm. Hc^,J 
llittrdbra. loeJiccl bark m fi»nii«r tinw willi Airltii;-^ Tav \ 
diflcravt from tiiiwe wliich wcro n«timllj cnu^rTiuiipd 
bj lu« Grc«lt conEcotponkri^ anr) iHii-^li ni ± bi<>T i 
[wriod IvcaifiH i^nnmL aiiion;^ m«ii of Mltfn thrv>tt[;ti- ^ 
ml thd BomiAii Hmpnv Ho cofiEMnpUtnl ibn pAst 
wtUt intcn^t w»d dvHf^l, noi bu«iMii»^ It Turtii^liod ftj 
txiaiTttit t9 ibe prucnt, but («c«kii« it Inid Jvft to th«l 
pf«Mint. Ho rocivrvil to it, out ta lo^o 1» jiraiiU ncpU 
IccrtioM iLo M-E1V0 of natioDol dt^f^rwlAiiun, Imt ?o U«(>e ^ 
the progna0 uf utioiul tiUtrr, It it Irur iLa Iriii vcrv 
frntion for 4nti(|tii>jr prwliicivi oil litm <oin« oJ flie 
tffiMil:! vhieh it iinyitxrH on ttuuc wh'* *riiv^-*! it it ht 
d wry ilifiicTVitl TOttd. Ho hibi kijm^liiiiL> liP llivtr cic* 
i|HH!l il i <Jli ■ auanHlrinK "^ tbetr eant^ Hotiirthiri^ "( fhi-ir j 
WlnwM fvr oiwiialwa nod htrus nattma iii inTirilfTj*. ' 
V«m'o» l*4V wv |>«n:vi«vaiiid«rot3<-«. they MB; tai^ 
MjEPtialjr nf f»ai9liivttz>d Ub^rt^r lu thu nbflmef. H^J 
Ami IMH iceQi to thmk onjr oniniry biTi lb>fne dt^ftrninjl 
if li»ror nor b It Cir Ubnt/u Uhorty, Imt fiv Ubrir^ 
«» B [4fl cf the Itoniftn liuiittitiaBi, th*t hv » wFnloat 



Idj 



IU510VT. 



Of li>c ron'^ ftnd clc^snt tcoooou of tli« *mM/h 
ftigptoi GOMF Ihilo oui bo muJ, Tfaf-v aiv iitr«in- 

llirjr ftrp ttut, ntil do not pretfvit tn b*-. 

Tku aiNQfiit orilic* pliixd SiJlii^t \n t}>o mba^ nak ^ 

hU wnrlkK wliicli h&ii ecmiA dtmn to lu » calctililv-J 14 
pvo a lii^h ofUQiDci ut' Ue Mlmu. B«i( hU »^e b mot 
vcfv pIcMftnt I iikd kU mut poworttil work, ibe aocMunt 
ibe C<>tMpir»c^ of Ofliilinc-. Km retlwr iIm? nit of t 
'dttrer party pinpliUi tban that of ft lifastory. h 
thatimU villi iifiinjE* ine0fi«>i««)i?ic«, wbich, un«v*fl 
IwDQil w thojr arai nrga» wil y f-KcIti* ^ihu ny in th^ 
lirticM of die funiilir«. it » truv, liiM omny circnat- 
tfuMi mm r«irgQUaa tiiay Juiro bwm &miiiar 10 Ui 
iM&pontfici, And may tuir« nnJoral pMM^ dnv 
ibmi wbadi to a» oppeMF dakaooi and psrplesdag. 
tntAgmu htitoriftn should nmcnbof- itiai lie vrritn 
[for dialant f;«nrralioa«. fur miii who will pcrMivc ibi 
^fATrnt fyiulnultrtiniWf a»cl will poiwaM no iiMiani flf 
rcconrtLnfi Uicm. Wecwi only rindical^ the fiitclii 
of SalJiMt Bl tin oxpvuo uf Ui tkilL But in fact 
lh« mtonnalioa wlik-h w« haw IVoin coaUgpporftrii 
rvpwUi^ this boioiv pbt k bblc lo tbi} 
tioB, and m Tv»d by ^Kowamg ima with thv tane 
eRidnlity. It h aU «n ond sUc No an>w«v lau 
onr tiaiud, Y«i. «in the ahowinn of 1)i* ftr'cvini^, 
acGiaml *vtm viitiiJod to acifoiltaJ. CaiiliDO, w« ar«^ 
told, iningved vitli a Voatal vlrj^* and munhnd hii 
own aon. HU bouto waa a don of ^nibl^r* and dtb- 
•(Khooi* No yvunf; oiui could croM hu thraJtaU 
without danfEvr lo hm forlunu and rpjialatwo. Yat iMi 
h tba mm viUi whom Cicm w« wilUnf ia ^oolaMt 
hi « oaacuit for th« tint umg^tMrmcy nt tbo 




3 



aiftiti^T. 



40A 



bon of Uic cnmpan^t «^ aa ftcoompU<kii3 h;rpotfrit«, 
bj irlkiMQ Lo bwl bitcuvlf been dfcciwt, juvl who htuj 
acted wiUi c«cirauamAtc iikilL the charadof of » ^jwl 
citJJDon ukdftgood friviid- Wc uv tulil tluiL Lh^ pLui 
TAk lLv m^l n icLctl and doiponLlif «v«t knf>irn, tod, 
tlai<7»t m die Amo braul^ il^i tLa groat body of Uit 
peOfJot And DOtDy of iho Aoblm. Sivo^irvd it ; tbat tlw 
ndutft dtixciu of Rome ircra oAgfi- fi^r the upcHAtjon 
of all jvc^rty, asd ite bj^eat fuiictionttrica f;iir U10 
iJeaUuctiun of »U order ; that CrMiiu, Ccaar. tlie Prv* 
tor Lnnlohu^ ona of tha conAtib of tbn >w, oau of tbtt 
cuu*uU fJvcL, itvrv (JiTUvvd vr EUApwtnl Ui be «a|pigvd 
in k ■cbumu Ibr vubvcrtbg iuitituUoa* to whkb tbey 
9irod tlie liigliOBi honours and uiiroduciD^ uiUTenal 
attarebjr. Wc an* told thai a ^ovcnimetiu vliicb kjtow 
^ thit, »iifT«iY4 ifie ^^cmffiirAtor, whtnc mnk, uknbt, 
UkI (!0<m^, ruud«red bitu mutt dAii^»jiuiLa, Ut i|iut 
KtimL' witboiit molatation. Wcnrv U>U liuit Uundovn 
uid gljAliiuon vivve tu t« amivd a^j^iial (bv ctliMOS- 
y«t ^u fiud tbat CaalUiu f«j«:lcd die nktw wlyi 
crowdod to colist in hU onuy, Ivcl, w ^Uliv; bit^Mlf 
f2q»(«»a b. ^btr Aliould acviu to IdL-DtJI'y di^r caitM 
vith tbatof tbn citimw.*' Finally, wc nrv totd tbat 
li>0 iBftj^lmt^, wlio was noiverully a)1r>wi'd U> bftvi' 
laved all cUkam uf t&u cooitttrymaii firuiii c^ioH^ij^niticici 
uad maaaacfvt rwodtfrvd Kinuulf vo unpopular by bia 
aaKluct ibot a maduxl iiunli wj^ oUvr^^l to Mm a( 
thft vxpintum of ba <dli:4\ and a ho^cn: puiiuUiuoii 
in^kifd oo hitn AbofiJy altur. 

SftUitit idl' !:^t, ijykod, Uiti l«t1i>ra uid «pc«c^ 

■J' Cicnm ant.. . ^ pr»jvis tf*at tonui poraonts con- 
«<iii'tcd tbo aboi:btig aial atfocioua part «f ib«i |ilot a* 
V taraofioGit of tb« g|0««nunsn1, dcaigticd to oxctiao 




«ft 



imroM'. 



ii,<iii 



VtItTS t6 IjC of ttat Op1fclOTl> ThOTD vw. 

A itfong p^rty rlMCTTiiii to irlmn;^*^ lh« ■-Iiuim-ij 
Wliilft Po[»p*y Mi t>io crtmntiiTid (^ an wifiv. tin 
CDuIi} not cff-'ct ihi^r piuppAc vittroul pn^KiHn . 
ftir iv|«*l)it»j; foro*. if nof^**a*r7, by f*>r<c. In -- 

RtimAn hirtioTUi. TTio other rliar^ca briMigTit «pdii 
ihe coitfpiniEor* «r« »o inootiii^ti^L hivl improWili^^ 

frm ^' ' ' ■ ■■ iwi MirrP-.ivmriMr, ^ ■ 'i, 

thi.- L .. .^ _ _Lvoiitit» of t^H* IVi^ |i , 1 

tb«m look Qvtt (]i« roln of Pfirlitunont, ^nd tl 
qp^ftcJiv of tho lEin^ : l!i« ebir^ oT Sctogfft, snd 

A pcrrnn who ithnnld \\yrm liU |iid^i>nt fttm 
f\tct* Akme would tx-ltPi (^ that Ltmft^m vetvt net 
Ijy the P^tutA, inJ thnf Sir F^dmnndfaniy O-vl 

allop-thrr i^tji^wlcd- ThiTy lift't) bo*i a^L-^riorwri 1»t' 
iitat'^vnfTt to «|r|flnTtiTn« hy ttU<^rmpfi f> ^qc^fdcn, bf 
dtiT^'7n«n t4 old vowrn. uid by old woctich 1A 
Hurmart Lma. 

or ilic TAtin hi«iodint« TArftti* wx^ fvr^?n1r 
prra^Mi- nfi- HiyK fnd<yH, 1- J ' 

but t*, in so^l^ ret^u, prr-...*, ,^k .-,-m : . ...... 

lb* limftB </ modmtf**n. He trf!* n flt>i' ■ 
%iU tio cannot t«11 » pFvit sttirY )4di)Jyi H'. - - .. 
j|£ Ulmukiiiii Ujte ihdr |W«rcr. llincTtMi*, ■■ «iv 
Infre »lr«idjr oh«fTt*d, rrlftfi?! onln-ary MRnciloc* 
'^Mk tiw nnpittpwimf; ck m n : f te and tticonrtnoa of »j 
IdBBCk. MitjETf^t powim oT puntinit h» raiarrva ft^fl 
tVtttb be wliMi the- tfigbtw dtrUb vft iMnJ^%^ 




i 



tmoM- 



407 



On amplkity of the tvttiii^ giro* Oj^clitioiul Iwtn to 
Am briDktUk TJiefv ua ^mm^n ui iii9 mmnm n| 
Tadrm »itp«rii>r tn ilw bi^at wliidi tttn hti^jootud trovii 
"ninf^jdidr*. Bnt thry mm ti^it rnvJiw^ ftnd Tr* 
Kevtti wilH tin Mift« »klll, Tbffv iiri? far in"n> *triki»^ 
viicn «tttncl«ii from Uiif body id' tiw oNirk to wlikh 
ifa*7 Motig fh«n wboD Ui«y oc«ur in tluir pCae*. >ml 
mrwd ^ coanmtkiti wldta frlmi pivoodce «»ci fbUow«. 

In die dutjawtfon of c^Anctcf, Tacicwii atirir&IKd 
mwnig iMtDriaiiA, and Lua voy ibw mipcffen knong 
dfmmtkts nnd luivoliibk By the di.-iine4t3en U c)iv* 
Mtrt , vn< do nnl new ili<' prM^io' 'jf dntwui^ ii(k «y|i». 
UntaUuiiCic osUloKutt of |ft>9d ftnd M <|«iihliot, *nd 
•PpBiding i^Mi lo ibv ibunv* of enintrnt ucii. ^o 
wiic«r« Msedi hat dom U^ in*jrv skiifuDy diAn T«et- 
tn>t bnt diu iinnt'hii poe^kr gloty. All llit iwrwntfi 
wbo OMiipjr • l«irgi^ i^^mtt m hit fntrfo liav« vi indinii- 
adity oF diMACter «iij()i Mwin* Ia peTvadtf jdl iMt 
wnrcU ftad jtrtidiu. \Vr< Wnovrthrm fti ':f vrn )i«d Uvcd 
«Nb Ui«m. Cluadiuft, Nvrv, iVHtiOt ^*<^^ l^**' Api|» 
pnuHf m loiili^pioccJ, Urn lilH-nni n h ttilJ fai(cli«T 
Biln«l« uf ftci. rii4 hnnOTMA tiiMlprlt>^ to n«k« m 
hOMMmttif tcifiimnud wftb a bibh «infru|uriy ilArk uhI 
iMcmlMbki, — vdih a nun vfhtve ftftl iibp<«iitkin lio«tg 
rcmiMbied *ml1wd up fai iimiratr fotdit of fvcitKim 
t irtmi t, «nd OTCT whAiv vciScim the hypwauy o/ liii 
jMlUf, And iW**«1«aon i>f tia old «^*, «1it«w ft wajE^ 
hr my«lvnr< He »» lovxhrbh itie xpi^vinpu? ({tnltliefl 
nf tbv ^nuA in « l^f^ vliidi mi^j^t rcfftdev tlraia tnut*« 
p<t«n< wad ubsUu ih m uIbo« Io jMmivo itie c»T«riiie 
wd ihd Tic« iHnch h oonooaiod- Uo waa to cmou tin 
padtikim b^ «bi«^ ibe 6ntt nu^tnuo nf u rcf obKc, 

iiwafdT a^ iwg fcig ItmIj fai daWl«> ft noblo M«ocial- 
i^ whk hb bimlNt ntik^ iru Uutfifniid into u 



40S 



IDBTMIl 



J^t jrt duliUd bj all 

'[l«wn tg iiuftii the f;n^al ol&ct of s4vmn<iBg 
&iid mpprwcltitig <Laitb on tliu *trui£c csoiopODJld «f 
•trangUi uid winkiw^ ; to caihibit tbo old towugti of 
tk'> worM idnkin^ inUi ■ dotA^ wbich, ihoqgk it TW- 
4«ixd kivi iippttiiiM •ccootrt^ and hii tcmp«r ttn^ 
|<IHrT«r impfttred lh« powon tt[ lin strm K&d itcnKiatliig 

prioioitt wtfiwialjlj, jH tu ilio Um Um k<giWf<. ^J' o^ 
■evrer*. tJiv mort MttuJ vl' duwxmblL'n, &uil tba bkmI 
tomblo of inMtvn. Tii* ii»k «m odo of oxuow ifi^ 
fit ttlty. Tlw i<xocqtioi3 u ftlAOBi ptrf^i. S 

TLe tfticnt whkh u rtic\mrrd to vnito hulor^r tknf' 
hmi% m coiuidfnbU siBntiv u» tlio telcat «f a ffrmJt 
t^irutiMiML TlitfT* is one* ubvioni dittiDCtiovu Th* 
dmvnaual crcatoi ; tbc huloriiu oiiij dufxttu. Jh^ 
diSvntnoe u not iii tli« uod* gf «ac<u«tiott. but b ib« 
Viodo oT voiaoqiCUMu 3WEi|H«re ii ^dei hy a dmU 
wUcli «iJii* in \m unagiiwiioii ; Taaius, bj * nkodd 
fiHmiiliMd from vitbom. tiunlet i» uTIlMriw vlvi 
tbo LftocyKin ii Id the Newton of RonluUiRCw ^ 

In iluft («rt iiT liM urt Ta^^tiM (viainJj bad iMidii^^ 
Myaal nur vocoad ftOMOtg U>e ancknt hklorMna. B/m 
to^dimw UvNtgh bo vroto in ^ dnvwiie form, h$d liillt 
of dmisntfe Bmiu*. The frvqciunl dkli^iptui nhidi b« 
cniiXKUc4m pro TtTBCLty uul inovosuiU to tfaa nati^- 
tivd, biit w« DDt »lnfcinglj tibancUuMc* £«oopk«i 
b fbiid of tcilliiv liio n*ien, at coiuMcnUe kagA 
#bai W tlkou^i of tkff porton* whcM odreotara htt 
iiktoa. But hu do«B iM ifaofr thvn llio 




mSTOITT. 



40fi 



fliablff tliBiii ta jiulg* lor Uivmvolvoa. Tli« liai^if* <if 
L[vy mr9 the moM iiif5|itd of oil trafng*, rml or Imaj^ 
urj', the lurrocs of Plnlarcb alwftjr< uxcvpted. In*, 
Jv«d, tJi« nurtinrr ^if Pluittrch in ihi* rrsipcci mnli 
w of ih» rcmkoj' of ttwrte (mttinealtl tnnr^^ ^« lioi 
of Bi^liib ImYcllcn^ ID uhirh a ccrtwn Ttomli**pnpt1 
hmth a k«]it roittUnilv boiling uttii fo|>Kjowly ^jouiwlfj 
wiUioal rliituvction, <tvi:r i-vonf diah aa )t <«cnnT*i up 
ttblu. TbHc^ilWc*! tlioHg:!i at a wirfp hitwvnJ, conn 
next to Tvritas. Hk Ptiicit*. hin Nicia*, liis CIoodV 
fau Brw^^, ftTtt tittfipil^ tlifrnTninotcJ, Thi* Itiios afd 
feWi lite coknuinfi; fmuli but tli4 gnwrft} air nnJ ^ie- 

to bi' tirod vith takinf^ down buoka oiiv tiilvr iuiaLlu*f 
Ibr Mpttmto joifitiont, and Ibel inrfiTied to putt mh* 
t«iM« <m dwR} hi naawtic Wo «ball tbi^rufbrv, Inilndi 
of pomtiniE ant the ddMrta and mtfila of tlir diflwfll^ 
modern )ivt<iruifts rt*t« gcn^nJlj in wlmt p&nictikn 
tb«Y bflv^ mtTpoMcxI thvir pml«<L-^«cni, &nd in vrbit wi 
eoDcdre tbvm to h»rp fBilfti, 

Tb«_Y b^vo c^riaiidir bwn. ui m« sviiav, far lani 
itriot in Uip^T uiI}nT«nce to tmlb than rant of tbi 
Gradt and R<iman writdTi. Tbcj do tioi tb{nk tb?tn^ 
•rlvM«Bril|od to nmdc^r tbdf DnrratiTe int^TMttnj^ by 
bitmdndnj; dMmptiDinK, rnnrrr^lfnTiJk, ami hanin^i4< 
wlbirh hftr* no <nUtM»c*i but in thrir a^n haxif/jitdMit 
JhU mtpninttwrtt ma frnwlutH^ intfwhifftl. Hiitory^ 
^KRa)«non] ftmnii^ iW taodum nwlioft^ of Riimp», ftkl 
A had ruminrucvd Nmon^ the QrvuLi, m roiaii>T«i 
Prmadft was cmr fUroi)on». ItaJr ^"m to EitTO| 
vkii AthfTM wu to Greece. In Italv. tberd<>n^ 
MTV umntft md nuuiTj Riodir of luunUton v^a urty 
ntndiic-iL MwtvUrf^li »nd nnM^nnEni. ia imilatioit 



A 




410 tunoAT. 



i 




of Liry and TlmcjUiiksi oompcvvd ipuBcfatt fur 
liiHiorical pcnaQj^cA. UiM, a* tba ^H*F^^*' ffilTiiMiiMn 
wL]c.-li di»tjiisiiialittl t^ a^ of f'/irciuo wd Leo p^ 
u&lkjr uiUidcd, tliU aWrd pncliCA «•» a^ivIooiU. 
iu FnuKJC, wv fbir, it «till, in 4n«u^ ^t-proe, k««rpA iti 
grouui, la iMT «>wn cimj/i^, « wnur wl«o 4uwM 
Tcaiurt DO u wiMiUt bu bni£httl Iv kcutu. \Vli«ii»ar 
tli« faiitoriuu 01' iIm bu two «otiuit» leil nwne truth 
tlita lliei4e oT inliqtiilj, majr |Mrlia|fl b« Uoubud. Itm 
it it i^itiic nfTtiin ibai Um)- tvl] liiwur ioUohDnU- 

111 tlio pAiiii«ofliy tri' kiUor/, tlia nocbffiu luvne T«if 
fiu- lUTijQMttl tkc Aiicicaita. It is not, ladMd, t^r^o^ 
tiiAt the UrcoLt and k»aiJUK ■houlil ttot hava outvd 
Uj« *cii-iv^vr gp^umiiMnl, or uny wliirt «x|>enu>oiiul 
•ciaxB, lu likT M ii liu bctfn camnl in uur limo ; for 
tiM oiponwnttl »cioBOM w goiMcmUj in a sUl» uf 
prqgKwEoo. TUegr wexv bettor qdcJcMoccI in tlw avr* 
uitifcnlJi omtunr tlun in llti^ nitw&tli, oacL in ikc 
ca^UttDth fic3)tory ibftn in tii« w<-iit«vntiL. But iljii 
Aoi&tjuu baprurrcnuail, Uus natim) ({TDVlli vC i7Hi«i> 
•dgvs will nut ftlt4>gvlb«r NCvuutit &tf Ui4 iMi 
pwjuritj of ihv tuai^sm wnter^ Tlu tbiluff^iuw b 
diffi«Hicu n^ in dogroQ but t£ kind- It is lu^v >n««^ 
that DOW |inncipU« hrnxv bvcn di9ej&vtft«d« but Ll«t i»«v 
&ciillMa ie«iB to bu exoftuL It >i uot tiut 4t la* 
tiam ibo hwnvi iatillcci ikcnU hava batU boi fOMll 
|iro)[r«sa, w>d nL 4tio4bFr titm; b»vQ adnoniti&t 4v«l 
that at onv ticw it »liaald (ato bam rtacirtMny, «nd «i 
^otiivt Hmv caatUntly (jfixv^iuig. Iti ta*t« wul »i&' 
jif^atiuu. iu tba gtMo of iLjic, in tlio aria of ficfvu^ 
tiuu, in tlw Eugntfinooe of pfiUJc woHu, Kb« ukcivvlt 
rm «i U«M o«r eqwla. Tbtry it^doiKd m juatljr « 
aujlidra on Milfjvctt wbicli rvquiivd |iai« ilfrmimptni 



£K 



« 



Mm 

^1 




msro&r. 



411 



adf uwOi DuHo^ Uw k>ug periud vKIcli vUpK-d 
Ivrcvn tLc tiAIi ccnlary bviui% ilio ClirUciun era ojm] 
Afih ccntQTj^ aiUr it liiilc jjcivcptibic ^if\^r«M vraf 
AJl tlio neuplivairal dJAcorc^nud of tl] tlie 

T' -^. fii 111 llii* limL' of Si>finte« lu the nofdiirji, 

wfaicli luiio bvmi iMide in £iii;]uiid evufj fil^ 

: tvtAon w Iclio-c tbat tJu> |jnnci|>lc« d" f^rerif 

iki^tood m tlic itfiK uf Augtuiu^i C^^^&r tbm ia the 

p af I'cnck*. In our oini country, lli*^ somid doo- 

o» of Uuu<T iLJul jurbiijradni^co i^avc b^Ji, williMi 

,'iijuv i/ u Hirig£c- )<v»','rd(lioUi tUinij lujktvil, bvliUjr 

(Ld« Udbodcd, «yUL-maciu,^» ailojjtud by lU r^ 

ncn of nil ptnit^ qaou4 in U^UUlirc' uvwib- 

Uc^rpOAEoJ iatu b"rj ju>J iroiUtti- 

Xo wlxat U tliU citAnr|;t: Ui hi.^ attriliuF^ ? Ptu^jr, 

]i«j nut unly tiiffiuod kcoirJcdj^- wiJulj^ bttt, a^ 

nuig A preckluD lutkiiowa in \hiae aiic'usuX coon- 
in wlucb iur<>niUkdoo wu, Ibr tltv lUfOtt puti 

Iah obvLmi, bTil still more powfrM. 

ij'irit tti titv two uxi.nl ^moujt buImIm Ofl" vU*- 

nmurkiblj oclimvc- Ju ib^j tijjjcof HpoK^ 
rvwiu b^ iwt UtgUQ M curuiduT tltcnuclvct a» n 
-, nu)v. Tlun- fllU luvkc>l ^tUi »v«ur<l)Ui;; vf 
I vottd«r uiJ BW on tJiv ridun awl ^uk|oiii of 
aiid Ej^t. Frorn wh.it C3ui«<, and by wIult 
ionf, tliuir ruotin/^ undorwcat a ctau^, U U out 
lo <lc('Trmin«. Tli^-ir hUt&rj, firoca tbtf Trv^Ao ifi 



[jucb 



TfMl 



US 



BXtTOK^! 



9 




tmly by Sm and acAttArtd f^ktmv dl Inisli* Bot it ■ 
c^ittJTi tliat ft grvftt ■hwittion took phfe. Tlu-y i\* 
pnWd tiMuuvKva as « »|Ar.kU- jieufth-. Tbt-r had 
comiwin rvli^iOTtf Hkm, flait connnon prui<:i)ilci of po^ 
Be law. In rhich fbrvlgt>vn had w» pan. In nil ihctffl 
(DdlEtiQal rrpuum^ nkooKrckinl, ar^tucratkal, uid don >« 
rratif'Al, ^cr« vm a vtron^ ItinulT likcDOM. Aitcr Urn 
r^lT>*at rrf X'*rif4 uk! ihi' l^!l nf Ihljirdmiiru, n^lkiKa] 
pndv n-iut4.<n^i the scparitic<i bulw«cn tlv.' Gn^k.* 

tti«Dn«lr«a vgvu uf a Mip^Or br^vl, iB«n 'vbo, m I 
ifnUnxnme witli ticightiourtnic Badcjbi« v^rv \v 
iiid noi lo Wm. Th<^ tootvd Hx nodiing out of Uws* 
telrvs. Hitfr bocTowod notliiflg. Tlwy tnnskted 
nocUii^. VF^ imi^oi coll tf> nind a ibigle cxpreaQos 
fif anY Gfwk wriur oarlirr limn A** «g« <if Aii|;n«n 
iikdicatniK »n tipinkm that anjdiixig WDrtb twji 
ronkl be vntten m anj Ungvage eme«pl hk 
The f^liEijrt witlch »pnuig fWini nationat glorv wit9 
Dttf allogethvr i-jctuiscuiihitl tiy natioaal dajfraJatioii, 
ITw^r ««p& fowUy tJjirohwl tliroti^ agc« of slavtiy 
ami sfuune. Tlic literature of Row iMmlf wax 
lEanlod iritii ronUmpt br thooe vhu hud B«d b«ft» 
Tier aroia, and wlio bowtJ bon^ath hi^r &jtrM. Vi 
tain M^v, in one of hla iet tJiou^ml p«nph1t*t«« tit 
ho waa the firtt pcnon who tokl ilie French that Knff- 
knd bad prodtioni vaitiwot mco b«iido« iho Dnkn of 
UndbonAtj^ Dcnrn to a ▼vrylatv pvrioA the Qit«ka 
Vnent to tmn Mood ia seed of aimilar infarrnation wUh 
Itapcrt to thtir marten, W^tth Paulnfl ^mlllv*, Sjll 
ud Cibiar i^ioy wtfe woTI x^pmuii^ Bnl ibe 
lioiUE wbiHi thi-j MjlPrtaiTirtl nsperting Oici-ro ai 
Vir^ wtq^ l<obably, not TirTlikf^ ihoae vbirb Drdl 
wmy haf« fbrined abtrui SbaliBpcarv. UiofijrniM b 



aSQos 

1? 



i^ri^Jfa 



miKAT, 



4!» 



In tijD nioad iitlottilirl tf-c of Lxdn poelr}^ %ad Uiiqucii^T- 
Hi* mtf ■ critic, ami, »ft«r tho »innn«r of lib a;*^, aJt 
iblv cHtk-. He stwltcd t})o laiiA«injc« of R</rk% awi- 
QUU1.-1I vith iu IcaiTwd nca, nnd nonrpi^l tu KIiEory. 
T«1 li« wvntf to }t«v« tiioa;;;fii la litomarr vftltiAl>1« 
only for the pur\iote of if liuTmtin;; iu nTft^<|iutiM« llii 
rNkJJnt: nfrpc»r» to hnvc U*n <HJTifinm| u> lU pubTic 
reciirdn, flittJ i<i ■ tvir old aiirijJifU, Oitc^, iciid but 
oncv, if v^ nHtivmb^r rijtbllji 1i<j <juoka Kunmii, to 
•i4v« ft i|u«!9<lioii uf QiyiDcJog^. Ho hta wHiicn miich 
on tLe Hrt of oniur^' : yet be bjia iwt nientJuned tlie 
nmwcf CfflfTo. 

TIm> BofliniH »iibinittp4 to the |>rc!<n»i*»w rf • «co 
vrliir^i lh*Td«pw«l. T^ot ppic port, while hp Hnimpini 
fijT thetn pnvjmrnwnefl in the wla of ipjvirmmtnl and 
var, acknowlffl^'ciil tliirir mCm^irity ti\ tavt^ <*)ix]aeiic«, 
■nd voieoM^ Men '/flrtlisni affectrd to ondontUmd the 
Grrdc kti£a>^ bMi^Y tfa&n ihoir own. POTnpnmoi 
preAvrvd Ui« Iiooddt uf b^i-uoiln;; an Ailivcbn, by {n* 
teUeotnal iialuniH»ation, to oil ilit; disUn^ona wbkb 
«t*o to be BC^triTd in tbr politiirAl nnnU^Hx of limine. 
HEs J(»et friend rr^rnpoted Greek poem< and memoan. 
U b well kuown tlmt Pecrttroh conriderod tint h«*Biili- 
RJ bm^L-igvr in wli^h 1it» lonnvU :4n* wiilini, » a 
hwfaLro<i.> ju|£U[i. mid itilniBti.^ lii^ rime to tboatf 
VTVtchvd LntiTi hoxnuiuU'ri whioh, during the b«t 
fear cenuiripe, have s^Bredj fonnd fb«r rradort. 
Ujinr eHtiQi'nt Roniuit BjTp««r fa btve fi^lt tSe funit 
Footempl for thHr iioHno ton|^ a^ <!omparti4 i;nl1i itiu 
OrM:. Tlw prpjndire mntboM to a Tcry larp pf^tW, 
Jolian was at partini to llip Ornk Luif^nf*i- n» Prwlcrir 
iba Groal to tbe Frrricb ^ and J1 •orvna iVM he fonld 
tot vxiinra hinraeU' vritb etvighJKv tu die diaJect of tli« 
■latn wiurli be ruled. 



t*i lOTOKT. 

Erio tliMi lAtin ^lUon who did noc iwi^ iku tf 
AwtftdoQ o &ir k>ok«d <ui GraviN! aa Uic only boot ct 

oi' tJi^r {jocIjj, nod, iadenl, aII of (■>^'<Uy iluit ivu U 
wi|huuh!. Fro«u Ocv<«c tbc^ bvrfvvrvJ tLe prkoiTi|iltt 
end t)ic TdmbuUry of thur philivoptjy. To Uw liii^ 

ll« ili^-htvsl lUUiiitii/ii. Thi; tacr«i buulu (4* llie llr- 
LfTcv^*. for cxau3|Ue, boobt vhidi, cxmadcrni morcly m 

^nt^iariuiit 4nd the i^tukuaphOTt aasia to kuirc bctt 
ottcirly nuioa'cei] br thccn- TIjc pwuliorifin of Jud»- 
i^rik, ajid tiie nfud ^tlvwOi of CUnsii ' i r«4 

thiv-Ir Mtioe. Tlivy mwk wur »gniiMl ^i rL4f 

tnhdd kux sguiut iIm Cbrutiuu* Uut xbvy otvir 
jj>ttawd iUq bvoii of U«MK, Juvuiul ^uutut Utv 
Pvul&U«di with oeuntn. Tlw uiEbor uf Uki^ tn«tiM 
on " t\m Subline " cpiou-* il with pnUc: but both of 
ibom qibCiiQ it «rrD(»juuUy. n*Wi m:u <vnudor «W 
•uUiliM] pttrCTf, wlut ciKriov biitpry, wbait ittiking 
■wid pft'T-uli^r vM)ir% tif tfafl Diriao luuuro uul of t^ 
•uml duticv i>r ncu. ju« lo bv Juund iu tJ^o JewbA 
■ciipturcft, whun wc contuicr thai two aect^ m wiik^ 
lim AltKbtioQ uf tW gQVUTitawril ws* c<iittSanUy lixol 
k|iiiF[it«] t<i tV»r! fcn^jturis fti tiuj ruk of tbdcJait^ 
Bii4i i^raclicc, lidi intii&^viKC k vWniiddii^. Tbo IacI 
iotniA til lit, iJut ilic GrrvL* wiiiurvd c«ilv thcnurlTM, 

tnd tt:Jl The Rouuuii ftJufu^ Cilljr tliCin-i'Ivf'i «ik1 tilt 

Qii.<cbx. liut^r^ uK^ lumod aw»y it li (him 

LijiLi jiU tlui tkcjr WJ Wa accasluuii^l lu aUmini 

riiHir QUwU, if WK tuaj to «xprari amiiJTM. tr«d ia 
uid in, and wom ftocordbglj cmritd widi 



\ 



< 



< 






ataroftT* 



41j 



oDfiTail^rl oa tho ddcavintr Mock. Uy ftn oiicIumt« aU 
iv«iiivii tu uue cUu uf ijlicnomuio, by «a c\cti>ijir« 
taaci? tUr uciu «|>4civA of uxcvdlcncei tkc biiinaii inicll«ct 
TAA AtubticL Qccawnal ccoDcideacod wuro tLini^d into 
IpitieraJ ntlu«- Ptt^u<]kua vrj>rc cuafoundc^ wiiJi iu* 
■ijactt. On nun, %i ^c vtm found in a pivnicuUr vaX9 
nf Mciftty — (i[i ^urcniEiMntf mj il h^d «xiBi«] in ■ pkr- 
tienlnr cotiWi^ of Uio voriJ, amay jait f>Ucrvsi]«n« wcr« 

BMot, JtUk WM kntmii* PbiluoDpliy rvauuiMd vuliou* 
uty* tilighl cteigus «<iiiKUzac0 ^v tlw worso md kiuhk 
linwB for iba bea«r, v«ro lanik k tlii> BajitrBtructtm. 
Bui nobcMlf tkough^ of ox^mimng tiin lbnn<ljL<iLjnL 

TliA vnai drij^kLrttfn ^ iJto Cwttn, gnulwa^ly «ffjciuK 
ilII iiali()«ikl pv<TuU*nI«(«, ud Buiinilatuig like rcnuMoC 
pri:ivuif!<« 1^ Ui* «nipu« to c«di otW* nufpii^'i^twd <lw 
tfvj. At Mm duM <ir lb« tiiinl uvntury iiiUr Clirat, 
tbu pcovftteu of uu&kind wun? fiauiutiy dreary- A 

tIkO fitduul, kutil bvau eALuLUahtd. A «kjvi<riugn aU 

gintbed bjr b<Ml},-ni xid iii\*-*-, rlh < i < . ;^ whu »4iJ 
miduB^C biK what hfcl bvL-n md ten ibmiajKl liuit«^ 
wfavUt is which umUua^ wax tiui^bt but wLai Usd 
bavn luwH-y &r ai:u»: »uch vk* llic uudiuivrjr f^r^ 
ridod f^r tha ^ffvarnjoi^'. and iubtmoiiaa gf Omi BUfl 
tfoligbteiuHl iMt of Uiii buiii4tt noe. TluU Kr««i caa^ 
OBimj wv then iq imng^ of cx^sicttclstg • culasihy 
im nora bfvnLl<» ihAu auy td itw ijUKk, ioftuniaalory, 
iliatn qfiwg nMUiLn. lo wkicb iMXiiooB anj litblv*'*-! 
tottmniCt clATillui|f, |>ftrUj-(i(; loogoritjr, ibv iuuBor 
idV of llw SiniUtoVt, m CiuMM nriliMUoo. It 
wuU bff £My to fipJi'^*'^ UttftJ jwiriif of nMuisbluM 



116 nnroMT. 

tijat CvI*«1mI EiiipLr«t wlnffTt (luring mnnj ivnturmi 
GOtliin^ hoi bvun Inmvd or uiikamotl ; wli«ro fftvcrm^ 
mm\U wboro «luniuon, wboro i\\e wttol* ^Wira of 

tnws^ R&d ronltrplj, and^ fikc thr^ ulrnt bttncvl in III* 
MTth, nr IIm |Nirini] wrapped up in th« n«pktii, «ijh>- 

TEi« torpor wm bfokcti b^ twv grvil rt^ntioiv, il>« 
oni^ iTKinil, (iio «it1i9r pcJiticv], llie uae IVudi widd», tbv 
othtT from vflhout. T%u vicior;r *^ ChrMvil^ om 

VM of fiT^iit imjiortAnc^, It oTCTihrevr tbo t>l4 ATdvm 
of mfiraJt ; kJvA with it mud of tTi« old «y«linn nf rnH- 
«p1iyirir«. It ftmit«lt«l the onror wlik n^vr lof rn of 
d#iE:1aLTnation I and tbt- 1o(^ciiin wiUi new poonl* <^ ^^mv- 
trijveni^. Abovo uQ. U intn)diic«d a n«w jtrinc^ploi of 
whirl) ilie openthm wu coikrtmritJj fbit (a Vftry pmiX 
of lociMv, It ffltmit tlie Ktngmnt mtsi frovn tbe nmoit 
depthv- It oxciiod »ll iho paniom of a iCMioy dnMW- 
tmcj iti the tjukt and tiadaB population of aa oivrfTovn 
(^mpirr. Th« fnar of hrtnry did what l)in ■<*itM 1/ 
oppro«>i^i Tvnild nnt do ; it rbaiigH in«n, accuflOMod 
to bv Inmed over fikc «li«cp fmn tynmt to tjnoi, ml4 
dvnroted partnit* nd ofaftiuato rob«lK. Tli9 IcnM of 
■a vloq&otci* irlikli Wd b«m sitGni for nf:n nwnandod 
from 1J10 ptdpit t£ Grrgofj. A ffiirit wJii^ lud been 
min^ubbed Mt dio plaint of PhiUppi rerltvd (n Atluo* 
nita gad AmT^vtac. 

■ Y«t MVfi ilui tvarfly VTM DAI tuflW'wnlljr viMirnt for 
111* ditim. It did not prv-rMtt ihv «cnfnr« iif OoatUn- 
Unopl« from nUpflinj;. after a ih^rl paraocpiD of «!i6* 
eitemvttt, into a «Ulo of mp^fiM^don. 10 vrhirli UiUfj 
tenbbM trvrwiv any iiandleL W« tb«r« find thai 




• 



1 






^^^^^^^iTftWflfTty la whkh t ehmI mVioilv ani 
VHMi^^plem of jariapmdBico wta rslablBjie4, io 
wbirli cbo trU of luxnry wan ««IJ undontucd^ in 
«li*cli ibtf wockii of Ui(j 4;iv&t fturirat writ^m w?rv pro* 
WTTcd and Jtudii.'ti, uxiitud for ouuly a ihuocaiid yeoffl 
withflDi making OM pvat ducorcry tn wicttoe. or 
pro'ludng oac book which i» nud br dlei v but cnrioni 
mquinA. 'XlcTC nxTQ nmunliii, too, «nd oonirovftruM, 
anil wars m aborxLinra : a/ad iImm lliinfQH bad Wet \\vej 
an^ ia thenMhrcfl, hftv« gcnerall^r bom fitTOttrable l« 
tiM pro g ww or'ibv ialdUct. Qut lwf« th»/ bmouitail 
wtUmiiU ftitiioliliujt. Tlw walovii wiw truubEvd; but 
no litnling mOuoDco doKcodoH. Tho HicitaiionA n>Arm- 
bled iho f^aninfpi and writhing^ uf a pt]vaitifei>d c^oqisiv 
nol tha atrnjzglc* of an nthlctic mit%. 

From ihii mi'p.EuMo ^tfttf' iho W«*t<m Buiptra ww 
Mrrd bj tbi? fiermt Bid moAt destrajrinK vldtalMM 
willi wlticb God lua rvirr i^hMt'^iMd Im crMtarai^ibo 
invaitHMt vi thn Norliitfm iia(i-.>fit. Siu4i m cia^ «*« 
fai{iurod for ludi a dutcmpvr. Tko ilrt of Lumbm, it 
ha» bont oba«tT«d, was a blawiii^. Il bunwd down 
Um} dtjr I but tt burned otit t\m pUgms Tlie nmc* 
iiiAjr bo ukid nf Ibo trrtfitoiidoiM davuCalkm of thn Ro^ 
iman dontiiiMins. It Aniiibil«ted lb« n^o'ttmit reonwi 
in wluch laiivd tiiu iccd« of great maraJ tnoladju; it 
rlvaftd ui ■tir^ovHiriv HttHi 10 tbw bnlUi and rj^urc4' 
Uie iinmati mind* It ooed Kurvftf & IIiouikikI jcaia 
of barbarian lo o«capa tlio fnro oi' ChinA. 

Ai lifiiKth t1u> lerriUv puritkaiiun frttaccoDaplWhcd; 
ani the Moond civiluadoa of BMoldnd conBcncrd, on- 
dtr drctuwEancM whicb atfordrd a firong Mmntj tlimf 
H wunbJ nuvvr l a Ump adc and nerer paoae. Boropa 
VM now ■ ^nni JiMfafal coiBniiiniiy, Jlor naomoai 
woiv miilird bv tlw car^ liw «ir iiitcniatioiial kn 




utd ft oomittun rtligioii. TMr butituricaw, tMr mm 
ga^M, llwlr HUKMiv, Ibdr taitoi in Jiicn(i0«, tMi 
outdM df •Atttfttiob, wm «lijMf dtAhrmt. Tht«r cm- 
nwrion «jw cl-Wt enMiyih to «Ui>ir «f muunl 'tit«ar#l^ 
lion »ii<^ iLfifin'tvimMtt, v«t not «o CloiA 1M V» il<inqf 

'Dio bi)anc» of moral *n4 int«Uefliiiil inilaeociu iImi 
ntftbUihec] boCw«va tho nttnti* of Boropv i* ttr dmot 
hnponut than Uw hdvi>^«f polklail'|Ki*tr. !nil««<i 
v« arc in^linoi] to think thit the batr U vpliinhl« pnn- 
dfiftllj h«rai0« it l*nrit iv tnaintAln ih-> t^jnvnr. Th« 
Khriliwd voHd hju thai bMn preuTVcti Iriicn ui uvjifimiH 
ity (/ i-bftrHi^tVET riit:iJ lij ftll inoipTOT«tti9«r LWfY |«rt 
of it bi> Imwi UlttialiiftWd iritli lighi reflocEvd rr«« 
rvun! ediar. Cooufirlitioa bu prwducod KTlitit/ whm 
ttOMpoly woald httTD |«odii»d ilimgubiMM. Th* 
nnaifaev ot eiperinicfiia In iwiral adeim «Mch iht 
(tjvrnktnr b«* An opp orn inity <ii wincMtngi luui bcca 
Incretwd bcj«nd aU oitadaiUn. Sofletf anil haafli 
lutnre, itiiCfl*cl of being N«n in n HBiiglA ftoint bf vi^w, 
■cv [ma«iH«>l lo hin uwlvr ton liwiMUid ^iA-mi 
■ilwcn. hy ubM>rru^ tlie nuDVii ■/ iurrpunding 
nntjmw. Iiy «nd>uif> tMr UevraiKfVt hj v^mfma^ k 
-mth that «f hi* ovn cornitr^' and of lli* iDdm rc^nh- 
Gcs» bo i* maUed to c(«ft«t tfane «mwi int» iiriiMi till 
DUvt ftcnt* men miitt bll wlicn thvy iMaon tnmm 
raglt If p ei w to ft fe*mN. H«i Ua^M to tbuinf^aith 
whmt i» lucftl fmn vkxt i* unrvcn^ ; *pHut » tnawtctfj 
from wtiftt n atemoJ ; (o diacnnmiic botwc^ft ottff^ 
tioou &nd raUa i Ipu tcvpo tW tipvralAin of diftttirta| 
nu»« i to •cpante iboiu gftftoii priodpJw vhkh uv 
■Iwsys trvM Mid 0tiai7ifh«ffl npfilMnblft ftvn thm 
^tftl drcviMUMO with «)^, in trrrtf 
thif MM tlftii, ftsd wiilt whuli. In en i*>ihMd 



« 



^^ta 



J 



r, 11i«T >ir« cmifbaTtdn] hy the moftt phlloaopkici? 
id. 

[mcu it k tlmtt In (^^Giirtlintiic^, A« writun of 
aw^am u'mea biro ftr suriiof^^ thw of flnu'joi'ty. 
*l*hr liiseoHiuis (if oar own c<>itnTry arv tLAii^ualtt<l is 
j||pth And prvciiion of rc^on : *Jjd. erwi in ihe worfni 
^piA- ici^rt CMnpoltrr*, w» AfU«i fht*M wilh f^xyiilAiMn 
R^nd t!a- rttarh ^H* T}incy4iil« or Tnritui. 
^_Bm It mi^<t, at tbc ume tkn^^ be aJmiltvd dist ili«f 

Imr diMvctcriitic Tii«nbt «Rd of lacb mft^hnitcs t]«i 
t! nRfiy mR be doiAcr^ wlioihdr, on tho whole, thlx 
dfTpttiimpfii cf |}t«mt(mf ta gifintij nr load dnrin^ tbc 

BTHe t>e>t titoirkm of l4tn- tiMM haT>« bAm nnfu^yil 
%t)«vi trelh, not hv i\ttir imtj^mnCioiii, ItuI ]yy tbdr n** 
«oi». Thr^ &r rtird thdr prctueoftHin in iliv an of 
tltiduczn^ ;^-nfnJ pHncipdee (Him ftcia. Rul uiiliOf'pllj' 
^k hntv lollcn into (h« cttot of di&iiirtinf fitriK to mil 
|Rb«nl ]iriQctj)lM. Th«^ 4irjv4 nt n thfor^ from took- 
uig n: itenve <:^ the pbtnoOWni ; and dio T^imaming 

Enrrti'-m th^y utram or fiirtiJl t^ fftit Ihi* rt*rnrr, 
llm p4jrp<nif i( h tirH nifr^t^tttr^ diftt Ihey tlioriM 
t wlitt is absolotoly llilto ; W kU i;tic*tiafii hi 
li till! prJiiirt" ar* f|U4:fii<)in M" <HHn]nri>'4i and 
Adv propoaiti'jQ vUkrh dom not rnvol^v a 
UciJiHi ta Usmt nuj by pcicellAlily 1w trnv ; nn4, 
"an Th< dft^lm•tan*^^ irh>cli rul^i n pi^bftbjliiy tn ii« 
^mu- r» iilatFd ftn<l cnfiHwd, and tli<fc« whkJj lead lo 
^■ip|ir«irlt ennrltuiiMi bn rnnitt«^ or lively pturd ovr-, 
^Hnvy afip^nr lii \» dcnlrMtrai^ Tn erery hunttu 
tinuiictcr sad tnumcdon ikav b ft luixiiiro of ip>od 
tn'l «vil : a IttUe tva^genUion, a IJUl* BupfriviLfl, • 
|i£oien nw of cphh«ta. a waicUU end «i«nhlBg 





130 HVTOST 



i 



iMpdciein vfth rospoct to Ui« erideoco oa me nde, > 
ron^'CTtKnt crudnliljr widi rapcct to cvcrj repurl vr 
jraititJun on Uifl other, m^ m^j PUkkc « mint of Ltud, 
or i arrant of Utnry tba Foottb, 

Uliu «p«ciiM of laifefraatfuation Aboonili in the owtf 
VKJuatflti irorki of biutlvrik ItuUviJUtt. il«roduuv UHi 
hiJ icor^- Like « tWvnljr witJivst, wLo. iMAteil bj pv> 

iichliLHl mica of etidettcoi &iul BuluACnKE£4 u to Uit 
oblignikiM of hi* oAih, confonniU what be ™**p"** 
wiUi wlint he liAA oeen «wl betrd, ft&d bring* out £wOi 
rofOTta, cmj«ccunv> uid fkncica, in ont rauw Ilanw 
ml ftcoofa|)lub«d AclvocAto^ Without pautiv«ljr m- 
vuHin){ muvb iDur« diiui lu can |>iv>«, Uv girv prom- 
icLOibCa Co all tbft cirvunulanou vhicJi «u}ijMJTt hU cMt . 
h« ^H4m UgbUf OTV iliwo which ap^ uQrarounUa to 
El i Ufl own witntaNA are «jip)fti>di>d aii4 ullcou^^^ j 
th«; anli>mrn<» which B€>cm to tluuv ctlj^croJU cat liiMn 
■ru coiktrotAt«<li th« ccntmiicflotu into vLklt th^ 
Ml arc exiibuned avra/; Ji cIcat and connected aUlnct 
of ihv$€ otkWv b pvutt. Ev«r|thic^ Oiai k ull«ni 
on th* other «idu !■ fcrutiiUHsd wiih tlu» uUuort nnxrilj; 
oTciy Hiu|ilcioiu circiBiKluico U a grouml for cohuimM 
and nivuetive ; what aimot b« dnM b i-mnttated, or 
pajuoi by wiihont nocifie; CMkoaMLon* ova ara iDtt^ 
tiraiu looda: bia tkift iiWMGaiia candour oalj uicnaata 
\\m ulSpct of llto vni4 Dia<k uf BVi>hi*<ry. 

W« bftvo EoanlMlifld UoBa ai tha aUott and Bio«l 
ugpular wrUvr of Im doM » b«t ljb« dur^ vrbkii wv 
Wvu bruughl agakul lum k on* to wkkh all oar moii 
^MlDfUuliid fcUlorianA an» ia lomo dogroo obooxiow 
QilrlKHi, lu particular, dwertta vcvy arrcni cmsunu 
l^ all iho nutturon* cnlpnu, howorcr, nono ii t 
lrM|il) j;L4a> tiiai> Ur. Mtlford. Wa vtDiiifiljr 




421 



md iQclasin', Th« uuilfrti hUConiUH of Or^vcc h«id 
bo^B in ibe habit cf writiti^** if th« wuHd had \vnm*fd 
noihing new during Ui« U>t HKl«en faandrcd jmtv. 
ItuMmI uf i]hutiuiln^ tli« «vodm wlti<:4i rh»>- nn-nvUd 
bj tb« |iKiln»Aphy of a ntAra ^nngbimc^d M^r, Ui^ 
JiidfCeJ of Bftdqiiily \>y tUolf alone* They Menud to 
lliifik ttat notioiw, knig^invrvi fromartrjotUierrtrTmtf 
ni Uuiraitiiw, Imii a prucrptiv* right Ukoocii|iytblftU»t 
ls*inm. They c«]]tii(]en<Ll iil] tFi^ audi'iiL bUtorfinv ■# 
«>qually anci^imti^, Tb;y »<:iinivly niMh* any dwdiKlinn 
between liini who nJaiod orcnrt M whfdi be had blon- 
■ttf hc«a preaetit bmI bim u-ho five Imndmtl ytan afkvo- 
<!<oiiipOA(vi a philtUAphK! romjinLv for a iiu^i^ly whie^ 
Uwl la tbfl interval ondnri^nHi k cfwiplet^diaot^s It 
WM all tinwl^ Biid iJl inio I The cMjtarica wfaiicb 
«v|«mivd I'liUATcli rrcmi llturydidfti itf^iibvd a* ttr^UilDg 
b» mua wbu UvihI id an ftga to nvnoWk llio dbtwiM 
at trait prodDCod an error nimlltr to ifant whkJi » 
iOfBadfliM ]>rodiK«'i by d>i^inco of place. Thcr« an 
many lE^od kdaei who iktnk tlut all th« pmpU iB 
Inilia liv* in^nditr, and vIia rharga a Ihnnd MUiiig^ 
ml $ar C#tr»ira wiih kind m«Mif-e« li> Bombay, To 
Rollin nod UaftbeUtniT in ih* mow mntiner, ftd tli* 
rft&eics w^ffv odnterapcreritv- 

>1r. Mielonl c«rtaiidy iatrodiKied K*^' inptvi^ 
ntwtft ; ho showed on tbu m«o wlio wn<o in Qmc^ umI 
l^dn MnnMhMfl tolij Ika e he Aowcd ua lliat aiK^m 
tttciry n^ht 1m reUted in Mich a mjnuier a^ to fnnuib 
nol <mW «1hi«oAH ta «ehoci bfija, b4t impnfiant V<iMna 
(> itatcmwii^ From that love cf tbT<ilncttl et&tt and 
I ';<]>*dnan lOatinMfic n\neL End poiioncd a)«io«t*t«dj 
tthcr «ofk Ml tLd niM ivbJflM Us book 'i$ poifetJjr 
ft«tw Bal bis panion (or a ibeory u hSm, nd is 



US 



ODnoCT* 



■ 



ITOIlll I 



lore xtt^otrmULt leJ liiai ftubsUnUftlljr lo violit« irath 

iMdv widi uoH<«ir»iiDi; <x>Ti^iilcftce« aikI vritb ib« 
fvtmciit bittvmvai of UiEgun^^u. Bvvry char)^ bruugbft 
lifiAt a Bxraarcb or an Ati^tocxwcy k «ift«xl wiOi tli« 
il ctJ^ If U c&Tiaot bo dcfilod, imim- polUail'ig^ 
dikn V nigicot^ I <it we are At loMt n-tulcHMfl 
^UmI AAint^ riTVTtitmUiiCpM nam- iinkiKiWA HUjf ItAre jaaA* 
frvi wbttt ttl rrrwnt Hpfwm «]|\ju«dfiHbl0. Tw« 0x01111 
iTA Mpdrtod by t)l^ mmp author ia tht miw n^alntat 
,lli«ir trulh r«it« <Ht the mrjo iraEidiiaiy; but iho 
kflojiport* l)iu ikxlkig lajrpuUjCBis, «ii<J IW vtber 

mMiI with iU The one u nAun uid t)iu oilior » 
left. ^ 

viih thoncy ii s vie not no Mnikv<mnUn iw «t flrtf 
vilcKl il iiiaj apjiMr to iLc ifrtprcsti <jf pditknl mmr«- h 
1¥« hftt^ compAfixl the writfT* ^1i'> infUil^ in it loV 
advooaui? ; an<l wa may a<IJ, tint tberr ct»iflkli<V 
flJIacioi^ like tlioM of adrooatca, cumct ■ii'Ji crtbrr* 
It ttt alwar* bocn hold, in iho moM onligKu^cd d^ 
tlowi thai a iHhiiaal wrfll decnde n judkial ^■Mfam 
mtHt iutfy when U W bcfttil two able men nrgne, 
nnfiuHr aa poanblf^ ati the tw« oiiiiould «il«» Af 11 
i^od «« an indbe<l to tluiiJc tluU tloli opUikm m jotU! 
k u Ima^ aoparkr tilaqottioo and ikxtariiy 
wQl Diako tb« wofl»« app«af Uia beUor naion i but >l ia 
itlcast certain that tkoJnilgE will be coapeUsd to fcn- 
'taqihrto tlio cm nnder twa different »pecta- Ii « 
•tcrtain tlist no Important (!OfuularBt£<iu wUl altOfKltir 
ceoape ivitlce. 

iW k aC pT«MdU tho Htate of Ittitnrj. Tho pod 
laurvntfs «i>p«Ara lor tlie Chorch «f Enj^iand, Lifisatd 
fcr tho Chsrcb <>f Roao, Brodko hm diqvmI tn ad 







nvrosT. 



423 




^ tfldo iho vonlicu olittiriMl hy Home ; JUkil i)m cmma 
I in wbick Midbrd Ai»cee«lM ii, wa ondrrKjurKf^ ^Urol 
tr> tN» ri^htfird. In tik«i noiiisL of ihAW (lupuUn, lioiw^riv, 
hktocjF pn^per, if wv nny tu« the tnnt, » ctinppavihg. 
rile bi^h, pnvv, iiBpartuU nmimlng ap of Tliuc)<<lk|tf 
ia powlifiTV to be fbuml. 

Wluio DOT hotoruM Are pnu^d-^mg all tho trUof 
ccif.irov<!iTj'* i!w;v Tni*.r«blv in-f^cd Iho wt of Tiarra* 
biMB, the irt of inl«n<tio^ the Allv:iftion.<t &nd prMcoEing 
pklUTTA to Umi imA0ikfttibn. That a wriift umy jvn^ 
dnctf Um«« vfft?rt4 withrnvt violntmg tnlb ia «officicntljf 
prored bf thahj t-icvilvnt biogmphiOAl wuriu. 'Din 
imairaw (topularicj irliich iT«U-imtti»a txKiJGh of ib'u 
Wv io|iur«dduwn'«H ihu evriutu copnidentioQ of 
VoItAJTc'f ChftrlcA the TwdiUi, MArmon- 
td'« McBkAirs, Bo«wcIV« Lll^ of John«on, So«iibnr'« ac* 
coantof Nefwn^ mvi panned with drJij^ht by tha tao*t 
friTDlow And jndolvTti. Whimcii-E Any tiiJ^TA^A book 
of 1]ii« mumi (loiCriplxHi ti)Aku« its AppVAnutoe, tbe (."t^ 
cmIaUi^ libimna Are mobbod ; tlie book tocivlJAi >ra in 
tonunotkni ; tbe iww noiTal Uet oncut; tbo tna^UHret 
■ad oowifflpure Ul tbdr colomiu with «xtrA<:ta« In 
Ibo m«iitiin« bwtoKcq of gmt cai^ru«, written by 
QMA of emioMit Abilf^, li« anrtad oil ilie aImIva of 
o»UDtAtioQi Jibrancft, 

Tbt urilvfH of builon sMiU 1o ffitvriBin aii Annlo- 
aAlical eontvmpt for tiio wriiunt uf memoin, Xfwy 
tbisk it bMKMth tbe di^i^- of moi wbo duu.-ribv tUa 
,vvoliukH« of niiion* to dwefl oa tb« dvtAik viiiuh 
ivosdCBto tb« chonrt of bftogrApfay. Tbey hate iid- 
puod on thraMid7«A a oor^ of ronii^-nlian*! dMvoriea 
IA Abtfird M tluU w-htdi hu booi tho boM* nf th« 
Pnoich disin*. Hm iboU diAMCiarittic and iaEmitb 
DC c^rvuiuAtimcQi Ar« oimtUKl or coAnicd ^rmi, h^ 




IIISTUCT. 

MCtic* AS w» Mn luld, ili^y tttt too trimi for Um 
mojeily of kwtoi^r. Tlv Da^Htj of li^tory mw Id 
rttfQiiibU U(o OM^Iy of thu poor Kin^ of 2>p«in« who 

riM VBHf not a'* lund lo tm/ka bin vmbUsco. 

'Jliat biuorv vould bv bwto T'^'-'^g If thit «oqaou» 
wen fckKvil wUl^ WD auppcve. be nckiMvludj^ud* 8vt 
wixilii it i« liM digmricd or ^fM mi^ ? What da w 
iii«ui htUtti vr« my tliti un** puA ttv«iil i< importaAl 
Mid tfittthiir miiignific«iit ? No fiwl ovfctt bd* mnj wt» 
tcbine baporum^ Tb* LnuwMg* of U U v^liMbl* 
mify ukkvbai tefemjiotcaiouktiuva wiili nipwi 
to ti>t Ailoro. A hisUvx wfaicb doc« not ■'Wa tini 
p«r|KBei tbiiugK k mdv ba fiUnd vitli kattJa, iTfritn, 

Uld COAlOotioM, b Ol Ik»l0l a-i Uli^ MTHH of tUIBfahfl 

ticket* coliockd bj Sk MauWw Mil«^ 

1^1 nv MiFI^OM Ibftl Livd GlNrvnikiat hiOvmI of fiJU 
in^ hiiiulrvdA of ftiio fwpo tthii c«fuo« of •tab* fopafit 
ia wkicb lUv mMOt UMrtlucu azid conirwiKtNiw nra r^ 
patfod tJll ik« nador k ovorpuwond wiili irritw. 
bftd ooadvKctidni to be iLo B<«woll of iLc Lon^ Pir- 

^■iUMtL L«C » nVPO** tl*^ ^ ^^ cxtuinlni Id 111 
tbff mka wid Idljr atlC>gM«fninHli of DaniqKlai, k«d* 
hig tvliilv b» MMrd to f&Uov, vul fn^Kiuvditig «^ 
«n»wctmble oripaaMiiiu m tbo ■UQDf[wt fonu wnk 
tb* HodNl lir vf Ml tni|un«r MudooA Ibr iDlWn*' 
tioa ; tbff ddwiuflkt wbicit misJvd ttic doUe ifurit of 
Vftiitt I tbe owvK faaikMn whicU Cfoeailvd ilw jr«l 
oAiar guAm of CrottwdU defttbod to conirtil a moiW 
Mua ancy Vid ft bctioB* pdopk% lo aWic Oio Aiff «f 
Ua)Iuid, to axrtM lh« virt^notia UfiM of 8w«drii, i^j 
fta hold U)d boknco im brtkVMm lbs oval uMnaivbHa 
if France aad &paitt. Lvl m MplKM U»t ba bad 
msdo Im Ca*iiliari aad Rgnadb^di talk b tlHV Kmw 



I 

1 



II 

i 




KapirtV |>^?M» «hI mum of lb* rsnt of Jliim«uit ftnJ 
FI««w<kmL WoM not bb woik in iimi cmw h«n 
bcoi moro intdWiiig 1 Wonld it not huvn been nionj 

A ImUirr in which trery particulAT uiddtnt ni*j b^ 
tiiiO iiuv oti t!io tthul<r fc« tJtc^ Tbn ciriTiini*Tani^« 
wliicli bave iriaal intliMBiw oii Uvt htt}ipiii««i ^^ maih 
kiiid, (bediAEiginof tiMiiiiii:fK ftiid oiomLF, tlic tnuivtton 
uf cw Mii'Jttitw* IKiiii povvrtjr V) u^uultli* frooi kr)i>wl- 
^^^B^to igooittAcv, &OIII Icmit)' to linnonitv — thvw 
^^MPbrihcmoMpan.noiK'lBMrFrolutiom. 'HK^irprr^ 
iTBd U nn-ly indjcitffd hy what kifriornm aiv ptc«<&(iJ 
to call hnpartftftl cTfoiti. Tliov aiv not acIimttoiI b^ 
«niiH!i«i or vuactod by Miimtw, Tht-j are MDCtionwiJ 
by iM> tnttlica and tvcordud m no arvliivts, Tli«¥ at^ 
eviM oo in ovary ecbooi, in evMy diunfa, b&bind t«n 
'.knMnd oovntcrs, at Icn ihouuiid 1U«ii4t«. Th« up- 
parcurrcne of pocwtty pnvniis no or.noin mtrrimi by 
wbkJi we can judgt of tl>o liirri^ijijn in n\\kh ihv 
nader cnmat fluwiv We rraii "f <it-i^«u an<l Tirb>> 
fjea. But Mv kibuvr Uiat nnu<»ri» tUfty be aaiwrabltf 
■ikl«t victoriv ami profSK'nwA iLmiikt ilvltAbi- W« 
rMid of tht ftU of ffi»a nnniiOcn uid <if tb(» Hf of pr> 
fli^ia fiiraunttd- Bat «d imiat t«ncmber hiyv mmU a 
^mporlinn tbr gnod or eril dK«t<v] t>y a nin^ sFAro- 
yun can b«ar to thtt good o«r <^>-il of a grval aociai 






buliop Wat«on (i^Dipan* * gatlogttt to s frnat itiATint* 
p^ on an aJopAiant, ind hying down ihtfork-* a> to lb* 
vbold i&torwd «ctticairv of iho vvm amnal, &om xht 
fbcaCfMOm oT the bld^ The corapntwn n unjust tc 
4>o geoJogBa ; biM It b^ v«ry appHraUf to ihoU hfo- 
*afluia wiko wriia aa if th^ bo<ly polii:^ «wn; hitnu> 



ML 



1^ 



|^Ei«o<tii, who loolc onlj on tbo furfcoe of sSkin, 
never ifaink of iho fnigfaty tnd tbtioua «v)g»iilf«liMi 
vkiith Ua dtv^y Maw. 

Ib th« WDflo of cuck writrr* tfl iK«e, Knrf>l«n>1, ml 
thv clo«« of lliv 5«««fi V«ArH' M'lir, tt in cIht bigiMM 
bULo of prorperltj : lA tiiv duH ol' tbc Amoricwi vw 
»l)a U in n miwmblc nnd dvgrmdcii conilitio*! : as if tlt« 
pt)0]>lo 9^n not on tha vrholo v rich, w well govvnHj, 
V and AD wi^Il wIquUsc) at Om luii^r period » ki Um fii^ 
mor. Wc tmro read boolu c«l]f<l IIi«corii« «f Rng 
kiid, miller ihe m^ of G«UTg« iho Socoivd, b iriiM 
Uic tw of Mflhodum a not ctco manfloned. A hm^ 
dcvti jynfH tieuc* tJib bfWMl of autfaon irill, wr 1ic^i«i 
Uf u&tincC. If rt ihvuld atiJ] eiivt, the late uufiktHnil 
uUcmgnum will bo described in u.-mi« wUch w3l Mtfli 
1o jmiil; that aJI gWNmmont wm ac an ei>d ; that dt« 
»ockl o>nirjfi WM BiuiaUtid : aii4 tluu Uio band af 
ovrry iinn uax a^ml lui nelgfabaar, until ibn winlotv 
%nd viniie of the ne«r cabitu-l «iiuo(d order out of iIm 
duoa of aoArcbf. \Vif are quite oertain that mboui** 
captiona a* grvH prvvrnj «l tlin movivnt raajJcvtiTig 
mniiy impoftKnt |iart« of «iiu' anfiaU. 

TUq otfbct cf haFtoncal raa^iing » analo^oin, in 
auu/ raspocui lo ihat prodorad b^ fanlgn tavd. 
Tlw Mtedrat, tUo the tonvia, ia tnov^airted into a naw 
laio of ucicrf. Ha not i>aw laiddo4UL Ha bean nvw 
nodw of eaprnwtua- Hia inind b mbr}*ail by coritaaat 
plating tho wido divurntitM 'if law*, of momli, aad of 
naUQOn. Uvt tBen may travd far, and rvrum with 
BumJi as oonUftrtvd a» ff tliay bad atrivT alirrvl fnMi 
Uwlr own iBaiiLiH-iowQ. 1& the Hmv nauMf. mmt 
may know iho dai» of tatny bMiJ« and iba gmcd^ 
pu nf man/ royal botiw^ aod }tt be no wber. MoaI 
boopU looli ■! fttat tiiMd aa pmeea look aL foraifi 



i 

i 







lumovv. 



427 



eQontnvA, More thui otfie iDwirioiu aunnger hu 
jiniiod on tKtr \dtmd tnwLTt ihtt jihnnu of a moln hoj 
diood with the Icing, tin* KuTit«fi iriih the dMicer oC 

kiiil^ltl of Oi^ garlvr iriUiiII«d. Itu nnCeivd tdong H»^ 

Buni titreot, b«9 viiiivd St. P«ur«, anJ nuuxj ilown 

it» dimciiMOiii ; Aiud hm ihm dquiriod, ibinkiii^ that 

Iw hu aeen En^luiii. He hm. in &M, ao^ii m ttm 

pnWc bnilitingK, public men. ttnd \tMic r^creflnontc*. 

Bui of Uia rMl And complcix vytlbtm of RKartj% of th» 

fini? ahfldea ijf nnUoiud clutnidcrr, of the pnictif^il oi|^ 

rr*linn ef gorAmmeni and lavn, h* knort notbing. 

Hv wbo wovEd uiHlvnUnd Uine (hiaiiK riKlitly mint 

nut confine liu obf^rvatiorLi to palacai and toloinii dayiL 

ll« mufit v» 0Tdiii;ir\ iu«n u thoy aiipmr bi tboir otdE- 

nMty bmaiitffti ftnd in Uieir cirdiniTy pIcauiiVA- Hv mtut 

^MDgln in llin orowdt nf t1i» «tch«n^ and llv colTiw- 

^^I0«. Hi; mwit ubtarn ailuirlUnt-if lo liie Odnvivial 

' t<Uv tnd Uic doiantic Itcarlb. He mtnt buir «itfa 

TUj|^ «jLprt»Won»« Hv uitiit nut tlinnk ffvna «x|iU» 

mg «v«n tho niln»u of miwry, U« wbu «i«]i«i lo 

underMnd tbo condiiion cf mankind in fbfiMr o|t«i 

^SMt proood on %kc »IM prindple- If be atteiult 

^hly to fMilAic inniiACli^inft, in tt«rh, i^f>niETruR«, and d^ 

^teMt bi» liludiM nil! bi^ W1 ruipt^xf&uUe m il»e trav«d« 

of tbcM) imixvul, rvjnd, wid tertntt •ovcrd|[iv «rlio 

fvns tbtfir jodgnaunl of our icbuid froon liavbi^ ganit in 

■latu ti> a fuw fiiiu ajj^U, and frcin having held flnpfll 

nnVbraiKc* wiili a 6bw groat oScan- 

Tbu F^rfvct hutocian fe h« in v1iob« work the char- 
irh;r and jqiirii of an aj^e ia Axhihitcd In BiliuatuTV. 
Be r«LiUc uo larti }l<» aluAutaa do ^qicMdon in hi« 
iharacteTK wbicb it not avtbcuticalvd bj aufficieut taa* 
teeny. But, hy jitdicknu afJactioiu r^fvclioo, and av* 




I 

I 



|£8 niSTOlT. 

ran^Mni*itti he ^vci Id imtli tiioue iiiiniftiacu w 
bav(3 bf^ni unurprd by firtinn. In liU nomirvA a diH 
lubf>rdiMAN^in a oWrvwl : «hq4* tnuuatrtioiu air |irtini>> 
rieiit ; otben ntinu Biil tha ir«)* od i»)iiclj be re|if^ 

th/b Hpiaxj of tlw peffsons cuncfviMxl m tK-in, but «^' 
cording to the dogm m whit- ii thoj elMttoc ilie con- 
^a^oa of iMiHr aiMl ibp naltir? cf man. H« ^Imws m 
tho court, the cumpr ami thp u-iulc. But he «tMm ii* 
ttbo ihe iwikiii* H<* n^miiit-n iiu aiMtnlote, no pvvi»> 
Ikrity of naiiAcr, i;t> iimiii«r ««yinj(, ft* too ivignili* 
aut for bit nijtjc« wbicb in uvt too hMlgiilll«Ri Id 
iUiMtm'^ ihv op«nAHHi nT kwi* oT rctij;Co«t ft'Hl if v4u- 
oMiODt mnil 10 noMtk die |Nro^r««a of tho Uiinian rnjnd. 
Mim wUl Dut mcrri/ be (UhiIM, but w^h b« naHf 
iodmUly ktkown to nt^ 1 ho clwngo of mftunpni «riB 
b« baliCDtrd, ji<>: uicr^lj b)' » Ktir gnninl p)ini?«< or a 
Gmt vjitracU riun ilatiftiivat danuai.-i«1a, bul by Mppf^ 
prwiv inMj^ pfcaunKxI in tnvr^ liiM. 

If i vfto, mcb a^ wv are MipfMisinj(, ahonld wtiie the 
Uftlofy of Ettgland, ht wtmiA aMuiwUy nnt omii ih* 
bitlea. the Mffa, tbe negotfaitknm tJi« «MlitiMi^ ih« 
minialcTial cbui^iet. Dal irilb lhc«o Iw utdqM iiiftr* i 
*|iwnD UtD dirtatU »b» Ji ai« tbD diami iif b^ftfiriCBl v^fl 
num. At Uboo1» CotlxtlnJ tborc p a bu w Hi M , 
IVBtodl WinJet, wbicb ww mado by an apfivniiM out 
of tbo (Adcmb of f-ltea whicb hml bo^n itjcitKhI by bu 
mulcr. It Di ao liir ■uj;tfriAr to fvtrr mhii' in t!«« 
diurrh, ibai, atyonHnf^ to tbn tradiHon, l)i« vubqaiidal 
artiki kitf«d himvjf frcao tnorlilicaiion. Sir Walfi^r 
ScdU, ia tii« iKibD oaiiDrr, lia« naad thuM frvcmcDb iji 
mttb wbadi bktonBn* have ftuimfiiUy tlinrwn b«liU 
tbffn in « muvwr wUch tatj w«lt exeht tWr Avy. 
Ha Ina oawovoMd oit of tbott |^fiftiiSq|i w^rb wbJdi 



I 



J 



UDrrotvt- 



Ibu; ikcir't. But a trulj JErml hWtonfta ^tpnhd rv* 
cbiiii Uiowi tinkti'iulb tvhicb tliv iipvptrtl iins ii|tpnjpr>< 
»lvu. Ttiu liutury c>f tiie EuvieaiMUsaU Mnd tin hufiory 
of ti»4 pcDplo, VMiM b« cxiubited in that ibdiIb lu 
vbidi jUom llivy oui b« vdubiKit jdrtly, in iwqMmbIa 
owijiiQciiot) Mid iiHcrmixiiim. Wc »bould Uvt iQrn 
luvi) to luuk fttf- iIm «r«n uid noln of the Puhtuii in 
ClAiiNHkn, ftud tar ihrit pAirvooki^ in Old ^loruilitv ; 
Utr ofia li^lt' t^ Kiog JaiaM ui lluiav, and f^J^ cb« <i4liuf 

Tba earij |Mn of our im^nAiy hi^Uvr wodd be 
hch Wirli €oli>urii]jE from romwioc^ bdlad, And ckroaklck 
Wn dwM lind <iiu->clv« in th* etnaptaiy «f knighu 
luub n> Ux«e «£ Fnianvt, And uf piJgnnis cucli m du»e 
vvlio roilt wiih Clutoccr fixun thu Tabard- Socutjr 
wtHild be iLtiwn fictu Ui« lUf^uat ti> llie luwvtt^ 
fnwi ibe rgynl clo4b of ilato to Uw den uiT iho ootlftwi 
frtm lh« t^nM9 of tin Jo^M, to tba diinuio^^oeraar 
wbK» tbfl bqociag irkr st^i^ikd Mvuclf. Pftbnen, 
miitslroU, ciuHuifiiii,^ tito jHsuJ^ nunuutnry, with lb* 
0oud cbv«r in Ha rafeciory And thie hig^iiM in tia 
dnpUt — ttia mu>or-bui0G, with its biuiting u»d havk* 
big;, — iho lounauQiJiiii vitb tbe b«iukla luid bdi^^i the 
tiWBffrtM and tbc dotb of gold, ^ would fho tmtli 
aai Ub Id ibc f t pTC WM mriop* We ibunid pcrccii^ ki 
ft thAUMDd iligbt touchfiAt tbc fmporUiirv nt* tli« privi- 
kudfftid buif^hoc, and lW tfii*rf« uid liAi^ghtv ipiril whieb 
■wtUod uodot tbc cQUir ot tbe dtj^nded viJIain. Tb« 
rwiVMl cf JtrtMn «ouJd not wmviy be dwCTibnl m a 
fen nHfCfufictst periodiw W« AotthJ diiccRi, id ir«- 
luiBitfsUc pulktilan, ibe ImMnlatiaB of mind, iba 
ftfifMiu for bnowLtfd^, wUch dtitingafahiil tkt 
6wn iba BE^MBtb cmtaT7. la dw IWbnn^ 




iMti m iAti'n\d «v, not mordY a ■Ahkm wldi^ rharignil 
iIm ■pcjoiinrtjqj ccxutilnlkKi of Ep^UikI md tli^ bih m 
biwi rvblioiuof dttt £!iimj«B:i ^4HcrB, but a cnord wii ^ 
wliioU ras«il in tv^ GuniJj, which acA tko ^Unt 
^UEM tho COD. ftod liie boii n^itvt Uw Mttt^ ilm 
MOlber B^Mt ^e duighlur, and tho duagliicr ag da* 
Iha inoiL«n Hrnrj woidd bo pttnted wrtli tb« ikltl «f 
Tftcitxit. We iihould hftTA th« rhuifpc! df bi4 (4kftrafrt«r 
froai IkH |>rarii*« M:d joyoiii yoiith to U'n Mvn^ Aiid ut>* 
perioui old ajp^. W«i thiHiUI f#nr>^n% t>r« fj^rMlcwl |irog- 
ftoai gf wIHsh mnd ijnuiiucAl piusotu in ■ Dniiid ool 
wuvaJ^ inHinlfaltf or ugwwrouf ; and to Um Ian wa 
slionld (lutHTt «me nraBim of that open aii4 noUa 
tciiilwr whicli CBdcarcd him to a pcopk whoon kt op- 
pncMcdi Klni^luig with the hardD49if of <IaipMi«m amI 
tlii> imubfii^ of diiaaH*. W0 ibould we BImaHA in 
aJl her woafaicw atwt inaU Ikt «triizft|i:th, vuitdvimM by 
tha handftOiB* farounCav wbocn «be luervr tnvtad. attd 
tbv WN* old rtaicaiBen wkooi thv norcr ihnikiTTt, ami^ 
«ig ia iNTiolf tJia moat coiitndwt<iiy qitnlUiv of bolfa 
her (mivuUi — Uw 0Dc|tHitf7, tb« oaprioe, tlw petij 
Balioe of Anne, ^ tha haa^tjr and roaoloto ipiril flf 
Uanry. Wo bavo no liantatian in MiriBA thM a tgrtat 
irtift Qkij;^ pmduce a pnrtnkil of thk rvmarkaUa 
Tf^ouu U IcaiA lu itrikini^ a* that Im thv nm^ of 
KL-MiiworUi, WKlhoul aoifiloyiiv a nonf* tnit no4 ai»> 
tlioittiraus! by auipla toraiMoay. In iho naantuna* wv 
fIvuM «oo aiu cahlTatrd, woaJth accunttlasnL Um 
cefi\«niaTwa> of Ule yaprvrvd. Wo should «eo Uia 
katpif wImm floUoi^ iiuecvro thuMoKM, tpn»i ift* 
«mri^ anMod tbm, fp^nally ftlvin^ plana to iW 
bdlU of p«a»6il ofviltfiou, to the orkls of L«fif;l«aC, 
and lU Haialy pimMdoa of Borldgh, Wa tboold aao 
IWM «aEt«nMt diMrti coltivatad, tbe ' — "-^ nf id 



iiiffroaT* 



481 



mmen tuToed lata «oiJt£ijr liftm>« ikt nktal c£ tlio 

6ami»1i#itL W« tJiooM teo tliiMe opinions anii fiwlinp 

Stuan (iowly growing uji in th« bmuia nf pHvaU 
luiiUoa, Wbro Uiery umoifiattHl tliem^voa in pAr* 
IknMnUuy debttloiL Tlion woiiUI cumc the d^l wftr. 
TlioM ahrrmitbva on wluch Glftraiidon (liivv><]U »-> lutmiu^ 
If wouI<l Iw tdii. «■ 'rbiK3f^ihA would have told thfaiif 
widi p#f»piiin«m r/irii-Ume**- Thuj atrw innrcily con- 

the lufd entluuiBnn of ibe Imvo tlnglliii gviiliy, tbo 
fttfVt licvttliMttiMM of lb« ftweAfin^. didn^ drtLiikeo 
nprobfttcB, whove oioMMtf dUgnue tho rcnrMl cftiae, — 
Um ftiuceri^ of tho rrwbTtamn Sftbbufa* bi Uio d^, 
ibo cxtniv«|^ca oF the tn^pmdont pr«aici]«n {a tfan 
cunp, the prccM* ipirii, the ■orvro «oini(eniiic«, the 
p«Uv tcruphM, the aflvvUK] Mix-viii, tlw «b«vnl Diimtf> 
sdJ pfanwes wbick ontkwl llic ruriULiu, — the rttloior. 
lb* polinr, tJio [rubtio tfpml, wliicb lurkvd biii«atb 
tboM angnwoTuI disfUMa. ■>- the drtMtu of the n^ng 
PflklMn4nu«bjMnan, ihn djvnmK, cMrcd/ lotf ^d, 
•I tbo pyhstepbic RfiitbUr^rn — nil lh«M irouM «Titt!r 
iDbo the fvprcHntaEiDn, uiil ivndcr it At once nMr* 
•auct anil taurv tlrikin^ 

'Hia instniction derived Ironi bUtovj ibiw written 
would bo of ft riod ud prectJcnl cbancwr- Ic wdqU 
btf racolrtd b/ Ui« Snku-iziaiio» a^ Wl^ll as hy Ute 
femtnt* It would bo noi Bicrrdy tnocd on the tninfl. 
bat bfund-ml into it. Alaav Iruilut too, woidd W 
lnn>fd, which can Ks lenrricil ij> no otb^ manour. 
A* liio biUory of ttatct i* ^cufrrallj written, th« ]iCteai< 
ml %ai muHt muuwaluw r«voliUk>iu m^m b> cour 
vp<3B tben like wpvnmtnrd toffiotioDa, without wbih 



m^ or AdMrL. Bui th^ (aet 'v. tli«t tnrh rnrdtilaMH 

wtiicli bAvo pvdaftUjr pund on iho msM c/ tlis ccm^ 
amniiiTt »i»d whidi cinliusnly procood fiir faaforr llof 
pro^^tv k iBclkKUd bj may puUiic mcviitv- An In* 
ljinaC'> knowledge of tb« domaMtc htftorr of ruitictu >i 
iherHW tbnlwtolj ntecmuf lo llir prDf^naun oi fioti^ 
ira! fT«nti« A nutaiHiv iJH«tiw ia tliU n«^i«rU at 
w umOom m n Dcdiral tr«nli» which ihoiiM p«fn t>j 
oU dve BTaiptom «iiwiiUia iiii (lie Vttflv rtagv o^" m fli^ 
■■■o and uaitioit aalr wfaat occun vbcvi tbe fttdcKl it 

A liiatonu* mch w wv Imv^ bmrn atUaiptii^ t9 
dt4cribcw wonld inieed bo an inieflocciul pnt^g^^ In 
Ilk oiindt poiran oouvitAj coan|tttililo tttltli ««di oOmt 
omt ba Unipand into «b eniiiinte hariMivj^ W« 
•httU Moibtr MO ociotkorSWInpoAr* or anollior Ifgnur. 
Thv higtuM v\ttiltfan tu whkh aaj HtifU &cvllj wn 
\m hmogltt ttoaU bo Iom wai^num^ ifaaii vuefti b ^■PPT 
■Bd Mical« oombowlMi of qiM&lin. Yot th* cool— 
^doa of iinjoniT laodvlo it mm on anpl—irt «Mr 
mdm» mmfAaywiemt ^ i1m mimL Ii nvuioi Mooid 
prodvra p offcct ioo ; but it pradtti^n improvMntAti and 
noiritbot tW xmccDDi *nd liberal GtofiiUoDSicB «W4i 
it not incfliuklont with llio tirangrrt omvbditT U 
nerit, aiid which, wbi^ El Odttdtt o«r uwM ^ pU ii ol 
tfu Ml dooo )Mrt naidor tm ttniatt to tbo 



« 



{F^hmfk mm^, Sv^MSbir 1«W.> 



lltimmr* at l(«4 in iti ^at« of i<1i»l pviibctioot fi a 
ram|i-^iaiid rfportty anJ jihllosophv. It impr^sae* pn- 
tr%\ tniUi* on Uie mrrid b}" « viv^ rr^rv^^tjilion of 
jMvtkcnIitr rWn?tf>rfi an^l inct<)fniF;t, hitt^ in ftct, 
two koaHU 0l««ktfiiU of wliivh rt oMnifltn \mrv 
itmn blown 1p ftrm » pvrfvct ■nalg^nEitinn ; tnd lU 
l«ax^i 'i^ ^^^ir ^^'^'^ tini\ t^y Imvt* b>««r) coni|>ttrtelv 
ftwt |iro|b««D(Uv KfwnitiMl, Gu4»l liiitAriea, m tlie prop* 
er Mnse of tka word, we havci nf>t. DiU wo kir 
f*and >itttorin«l romvirr^, niiil t^ood 1iiili;nn1 «ttiijSt| 
'Hi* uiwfiaAfinn nnit ihtf n»i»n, if ir« tnctr iw n tr^ 
tsMiijilMn-, hftVe mtAb putittou of a ^iroriMi^i^ iif tit^-r- 
%mn ef whi^ ihvy wvre feniwHj ivbcil ^ my H- 
ptftffuti «mI now tiMjrrjoM ilMtr »«p<«tmportH 
m Kvctmltr. tiudcod of holJuifc i^^ vbulr? in roiiunui 

To ixlio ilw pnt iipMcnt, in bfttii: the ilistant n«ftr/ 
Icfr pbM iu Ib ihv Mxkty of > k<^^ii twin or on ihe 
ririi nr w1i>r)i -nrrrloob Cbo li«Jll of & mij^bty boillflt 
Ic IftvHt wiib Ow nMlIrr of Nman ft^^^ ai^d blr>o^' 
bi in^ wbom wtt an liM iwicb fnelioed lo oomiilir %m* 
D«ionitt«4 <|ii8lin«< in » atkgory, to call o^ our ■»• 
Mbro v with atl Aefar peoulMiMi uf tai^uftgoi, 






lai itAUjhVA ci^^EffTinTTin^VAi. fiisroirT. 



i 



in«iini>ni, and gftrb, to «hov iu w^ ihoir honmw, U 
tcai \n aC tbetr ubics, to nnnicaKe lIuHr oiiUMlrtixwd 
wAPiirobe*. to px^iIaim tha OMi of tbdir pombfroui ftu^ 
riilurui thv^v |»rtt of th« duty wLick ffropvrly M<iai{» 
to Uie faitfoiriasi bare been apprupriotcil br ibe hisUr* 
led novelbt On tbo other hu^d, to nxtnct th« pMo^ 
^ihy of hiMoirrt to duvet iHir jnfij^tneni uf «vefito tai 
mm, to trirc tTic onnn-retion of f«.n»tt utd etfectti 
ami to ilniw fniui ibu uccuri^uat:)* ol fumwr tUMi 
gQifvm) IcAvofi* at' mural uiil [lolitiral wisiom, hm 
ttrcoittt ilw UiuikiM <j£ A iiiuni«t cUm* of writvut 

Of Uie two kkid^ of covpObiiiun into vrUcfa Uttoffy 
hi* boon duu diridoil, tho mm auv be conpartd to s 
OMjpi the «ithor tA A j>ainlcd landfcftpc. Tlbftpkturo, 
tboaich it pUcM the cououy bctbrc us* iio«B not ffijdiW 
ua to oJccrUiD Kttii ftroiir»;j tin dimcivigiUi, iho 41^ 
ImcVi, nad tliu ui|>Liff. Tb« aiap u iwl a wuik of 
bnitfttivfl Hit. It pRWUiti IK> ueiko to thv iio^M 
lion i biM ri gives iu oviot ioTonoMtioo is lo tho hmr- 
ingi of tlio t'arioui poinu, and U & mora bm&I oon- 
p&nioA to t]>o InTillor «r tbo ganml tlioji tLo polntod 
]>nd*capfr oookl bo, tbni^ it wvo tbe j(nd)d«>t t^ 
•wr Boh |«>oplod wilb oqiIhwi, or tbo *tf«H«tf ovir i 
wjiich CUiiil» «voT puwl thi- oiullvw vivlpiiKi* of ajH 
Mtli^gnia. ™ 

, li b RVftrLablo tbat tbo pnciioo of MponliBg ibf 
tira ■^radMota c£ vhwb hit/tary U ooiBpnoMi haa ho' 
como prriT^fTol f>n ibo CovttinMit m wv4I a« ui ihta ^ 
rountry. fuJy kv aln« Jy praduod a haatoricaJ DrvrElffl^ 
of higb ment at^^ ^f iitill lugbrr pruwaou In Frances 
tba pcnctkc boa b*«» cnnwt to b l«fif:tb to<n«v»b«l 
iriiiinwoili U- SimoDkU paiUudw* n ^^rtLvtt ajid rtoldj 
lutory of tJic MiL^mvini^laii K!n^ vury valiiftblo» ftnd i 
bttlo tedioflj. Ui^ tb«n aMida firtb m a carafowou It 



ttlOU li-rj 



H Mtcns to a^ bu all tlic <Ut«(IvfiE^U^ of s Om<iuf» 
«f V»b<Mr, tktti] ao(v« uf its adi^jnilu^^. We nodcrtfviKJ 
iktf tfspodimry of kwpinj; th« ftio(-t)nR« of cix>k anj 
■oacfannn (U<tii>n. Th<i Ji&iKir will he better HreAdod* 
•nd ihe borftn better Tiurifl;7i>(L But where the two 
■StoMmnt are nnitni, jiv in the M«tn> Jiu^iit* of M«- 
Edn, wift Ha irki »a^ ihki ili^ nuitvr t* mnfli mcndoal 
bj^tbfl nolemn IWib with n^ft'li thv plimtivt pa^watlrnni 
on* of lii* f^mplojtnffiitt (■> thiT othi^. 

We niu:iii;^ IImw tlitiitf* Urtlcr in Er^antf, Sii 
WdUrr ifcoit gircji w a novel ; Mr. HalUm n oittlcAl 
ind flrguineniatlvo M»iory> tioih an> «if?«kpfud witll 
dw Aune nwtlcr. But tbo farmer Wtiu it it wiUi tIi« 
ft^ Af B utiOp^nr, ITU inlf^Tl'-^n tit tj^ givo aji '^tpn^^ 
and liivfy imifii* <if ff« »xti<niiil furm. The HUcr h 
ao afulmkitt Hit task ii to dlb^ct the fulij<-ct to ii« 
bmottt r«<!it«^i>«,:iiiii (o hybur» beTnre uaaJI tlkcf^iriagi 
of notiun iihI oU tlse taiueii of tbecay, 

Hr. Ualbm h, oo the whol», ^r bettor tjiiaMflpd 
tlwn any otiivr wrtcor tit our tun'? for iht? oflxrc wtiirh 
h« biw rimlfftaJcpn, Ht- Km f;rt'«t im^TittrTr an^ i^f^^i 
acttifvifi^i*. lib knowMf"* it «nrforLaiv<^, vnKnm, and; 
ptn&und- lltB nairtfl h vquntly iliilirijniiilwd hy (hi 
aioplitntlir of its grK-p. wtd *»j" lli^ cf^licoz-y iff iu tact.' 
Ilv ipi^irulitWi ]mv^ aoa« of tlmt Ttt^ci'iK'^ wftlcb b 
ilio ^^anoo ftuU of frntttS^nl phik^ophy. On ilio 
eoatrary* tKor nr« »irikiikp;1y fructfic^K ahA Uat^ ta 
ftot only ih« |^n««l mio, hot tkci in^dc of appl^nci^ it 
tfl *rJv»!> pAni'-iilar ru««. In iki» fcapcM thryolliiii 
ind cu of ijjc IMacoarre* of Macli»T«lli, 

Tb« uyU in mnivtini^* opOfi to Um cbar^ of Imi^ 
M. We have dio bnv ami Aer* r«oiark«d a MtUtf 




181} iui.tjhiri( cof(icTtfi;no>ua WiToHi. 

of that iiDpl«M»at tnck, vlucH Gilibon LnMgUl 
Guliioii, th« trick, wo uwoin, oi Icllciig • BUrjr b/ »< 
ptiotion uul jtllvioD. Mr. lloJUnkt bowcTcr. kft» iB 
fixcuw wliidi GiUbon Itiwl iwU Ut« worii >• (larigbMl 
&r rcttduTT yt\i9 Arv sJn^aMiy iwijiuvitoJ wiiJi die erd^ 
lUff book* oo linglkb kitfotj, and who oin Ui«(t£m 
iiitridJl« UiOM lit^ coiffiiM whUoot difieuliy^ Tb 
meaner of tho book k, on tlic wHoJoi not iww^irtkr of 

ii wiugk4^ Mad ioahvo^ wad iti<liofttd* tUvaft ■ 
evvr/ hav. It ofLon tw» to ^n MloiMDnoi, Arti fM4 
or iiii)»»kmc4> but high* grave, tan aobirt »uc1i ■« 
would bccooM % «uid nwr, m « jud^pnoni lUi^ 
Bred by b gretti nogtuau^ b SfiAwn or b D'A^qb^ 



am 



Jl 



In Ihit VMfioct the cbsracter of Mr. H4l]«n*H in 
eorraipoodA «tribiagly urilh tb«l uT hv itjle. Hi 
ii cmiiKmlly jodkidL Iti wholo q)iri< u tbat of tin 
faeudi« iwi ilut of iIm W. Ue ttotta i^> vitk b oUa. 
*U«dy icnp^rtuiUty, tiimvig n^fUier ut thu rii^ ftoc to 
iliu idt, gkkMdic 0T«v noUua^ BxaggfrBting •othtagt 
vbilc tbc BdvucBitfi cm botk lido* Bro BlL^muftn]/ Utnig 
their lipft bt boBT UitiT <xnActinf; mUABtoMBSta bimI 
BO^iNOl BXpoa*d. Oil B jfBllfnl trurvej-, w« do Ao4 
■»u|ilo to prmoiuico Ulo CooilltuUinfti lllttorj 
iiMMt i>a(i«niAl hKMk Uiat w« «vvr rwBtL Wv tittnk 
Um) Bgro inDUfltbrat oA » to boBT tbb 
UfungW at &etf BtOUAg oiu, bc£fliaiA» in Uta 
TUT A-mirk*tW« iliiJl tlibk It rij^t la dwcU priM^ 
pBlijT on iboAB fivu or U from wbdrli wc iUvcut. 

Tliorr U uJia |>k?i:i»l*«rilj Bboul hir JUIkm itbiclk, 
while it adda to tbtf vbIuo of bu wriiiiisik will. »« Imt. 
tako BWB)- ftJWBtbing Cnwi liioir |>o|HilBntf. Uo b 
1^ of B «onbip|4c Utts o^y blMoriBii «b«n we mfc- 





BAU-ui's coKfiTirmv^su. msTotT* 



4flt 



II lo mind. Bvcrr po1]tio4t ved bsA tta o«otorir and 

o^iAirric SicIm>o1, ic» fthftract floani»» for Uic ini1^ 

IT) vt<Ib1e S3nDbi>^ )t» impoifnft fomu, iu m)~tKr^ 

ifn) fkblci fbr ibe tu]j>v. It «ui^ tbc dcrvoiicoi of 

tlii>[i of ]Hin- truth bv kII tlie Jut'ii^'A trf Pn^^ 
or Papal »u|^?niiidnn. It hfts iifi nhan and it& dcaU«l 
InrDtfi, its rtticA ond pHj^map^a, ha cuionixcd nnrtyn 
Mid oonfcjKiTm, ifai fcMivib nnd it;* legfOiduy mirarlcft. 
Ov pio«i» aiic^^toTit, wo arc t^M. df0<fr1<i^ the Hfj!^ 
Allar of C>Dl«ibiirrt to lay nil ttieir aUi;^1ions on thn 
tlirine of St. Th^Mnnji. In llii* Kaiaci luHntifir tijogrvaC 
mnd contbrUlltf dtnrtnnw of lliv Tory crcvd, iJiow; 
fiurticttlarly "illicit rvlnto to rwtncdon:! on ironliip tnd 
4in indc« nre adored b^ fijuIrM kud r^tJDn En Pitt 
Clnbo^ mndcT th^ nAmc of u mini.iier whfi yuLs lui bftd 
■ rqfcf wj i w itativo rf ihf nyitmi wl.irh h*% bwii cKri*- 
(Cfved aillvr him Ms Q^^kfit (ff tin* vpirit of tht^ Gospp!> 
Oh th9 oth*ir hand, ih** raiWip Inr wliu*h H:tiEi]id4-n bl«l 
on ihv livLd i.[id Sidney cii lht> scatlbld m vnllniAiiUXJi* 
csliy tnK^torl hf many tn hotioit mdicat viha wutild bo 
pvanled to ttxpkiD thf^ diff^:r^co bdwoon Slilp-monvy 
■nd the Habow Cr>q]tu Af^l. Tt may he added timt, 
•a in r^ginn, «> in p^litiM, IW «vm of lliOMt «b<) afn 
iU|fhton«d «ncMmh to fwmprolMiid the mAUirn^ litont 
Er tlw OTiiblvin* of tlmr liutii csn reuit Ihv conta- 
of Ulo popular crtptr^tition. Ofl«n, vhi>o ihojr 
thcmfdTCB that thoy orv mirrdy fcigrung a 
iiDOfl wiih i)io pindtt^orft of tlio mlgar, llicy ore 
t(*in4p]v« iiikiW tbcT infliicnco of tho«« vcn- i>rLJiwlic«A. 
jrrobabt/ vnA not allogrlhrr on ^Tonnrli of <^xp<di 
tliat Sorraln taiif^t h'n kMtjvrers lo Tionrrur ih« 
wliocti th9 itato lioooDrviI, ai;d bc^^ooallxxl a code 
BwBliphii wliti Id0 dj^«x lw««ft- So Uwn ia oA« 



m pordoti of willing cndtilitj Aiid votliuuMitt id 
vm^amlion whicL Uw jnoA dMcaniinjT u>«i |jny Lo dim 
political idols. From the vuiy nature nf aura it mut 
bo s^ 'llin iaculty by vhiclt wo iGft<i|Nunt)lv a^a^Uu 
idou which h&re vllen l)eai pifmitd tu iu in lom' 
jnnccicin U not under the NfaMlnte control ot' the trilL 
It inny hv 'luii'luuiud unto aiurbjii iictiviiy- Jt m*j lif 
rvit3QQi<U iniii Eilu^ibSiiwu. But in 4 ot^/uin dic|[n9» ■! 
wiU sivay^ o\ut. The ftlmtnt obcotiiM n>s«Mf^ whairb 
Mr. Halkiu liuH obtAiiii.Hl OTcr fi^Liitj-a of rkit d«M fii 
pifriccily ivitonUhing to m, an>i vriil, wo belioro^ be 
&ot only n^oTiifrhing but olf«Q9iT« to nuay ^^ hlv nm4' 
en. U mu4t poiticulftjriy di9f[«ut thow p<y>pio who, 
in thnr «{>«citLUw(k« (rxt |ioUtics An> not rrMmfn bat 
fkiidun; wLcAD o|jiouni«t evpH wliifia »i]«ci>n*, m no* 
|>nhlacud| uxutdiog to tho ordinary liw at inlotUctna.* 
birtiii, by inducticm or infcronce, but are oquii'ocally 

nmud bj the hiit of fervid tempore out of ibu otvr- 
1^ of tumid janafsinationi.. A own of tlii* claw b 
alvrayH in exUttiiM. Ho nonot bo ft fri<rnd to Kboriy 
wjtbout caibo|i; for a conuniniUy of fpooda, or a ffioac 
lo ord«r villiuut biking luvJur kin jviatairiion tbo fonJiv 
oxcoiov of tynumy. Ub adniinitUni onolbi** bvC*v<9p^ 
ihn mofi «mbloia of toboU and th? auc wortbloM of 
of^preHon. bdwocti Manon. tiio di^graoa of liio Hf)d« 
I'liait of Jnstico, and I^ud, tha diji^invG of UMf Star 
Chanib^- Hi* caji f^pvo any ihinie but trrmperaooo 
«xid inapiutiBliiy. Ho faaa a cintain tyiupatby wiib tlv 
riolanc^ at hn oppuncnlii, ajt w*ll a> with that of bit 
aiao:iattii. In imery Amou« partimi lie aooi vithrr b« 
^jriwjiit »lf or U» fbrnwr vdi^ ibu punMomrr that <■, cv 
tjio JacDbin that baa boon. Bat bo ia onabl^ to oobh 
pn^h^od h writor who. ticadily attacbod to prindplea, 
u iiubficrtat about namca And badjCMi and who ja4B« 



I 



I 




ttALUUi-!) COVSTTTITTICUiAL RVTOST. 4^ 

«f cbftnclviv wkb ivt[jftbliT Mm^riiy* not mltogcihrr tin- 

Wft ihoiibi .bably \tki- Mr. Ildlftiu** book mart 
if, SoftUnd cf pulriitn^ out with itricx ii4clitjr t}»! brrlprht 
poinu Aud tJi^ dark spoCA n£ hoik pArtkf^ be hftd cn< 
««r«id kitnitfifr t^i itliit^^mli l]» rni« utd t^ blaickon 111* 

Kulogj* uui invecili'o maj btf Iwd lor Uia lukingi But 
fin: ooJd ri^id jll«^Cl^ Um UAe wdgkt and Uie od« meu- 
itn. wc know noi wlucnt eba itfi «ui look. 

Ko (wnioD of our vuiftla hu bcon id-jt« perptfgctfl 
and n^«ra|iro9t!n'j,-<l by nvritiin of dil^rmi p^rtica tkan 
ihiQ biaUff^r <if iW JlfrWnMtinn. In lim hitirniitb of' 
ftb^liooil uid *opbi«lT7» tbe ^niibiice '4 Mr. Hallim m 
p«cultattjr valuftUo. It u iinp<ntible not to ndnure tin 
«v«a-]ivid«d j(Mtic4 witb which h« daak out culJgMitxi 
to ri^bi und It^ od ilit rival iteraecoturK. 

It y vcbiTmontlj' mftintftinod b/ «oiwt vmtcra of the 
pnftoit dav tlmt ElifAUili p>5m)Quc«d imdwr P*i4>i« 
nor PttribuiJi ju mich, tnd ibox tba st'Tctv inmsiinv 
wbirli «htr nrriibrinnAllT adi^li^ w^ro dictatndf iinl by 
rvJkpouB mtoleruicv, but by polilit^iil nvcwnitj. Evi4Q 
ibo cACriZonl •ccount of t^uMv timuA nhicb Mr. HsiUm 
bttH jpv«n liM (Kit aito^tlivr tiiipuiL'd tdLwiiw on tlw 
4uibon of iJiia faflocj'. Tbu title cif the Qnv^u, tlwj^ 
ai^, vrju ftHiuiIlDd by ibe Pope? k-r ihn>nc wm gives 
10 Mii'tlicr ; har sntjtrls w^r» incited to rebeBinn ; bfi 
lift; wnB okccuiccd ; crcry Oalbol>f^ wft* hottuA m cdd* 
■cacnCA to bo a traitor; it h-w tbtrvHirtr HpiinH \na* 
tofv, not aitainat Catholics, thai tho pcmU Uwi vrvra 
voacbod- 

Jn 9tU#r tW 1FUT rvadera may be futlT cafn|>atani 
*9 afipcwatc tho vanta of thu ddcncc, wc wiH 



J 




■0 iMAi^Uoly M po«iblc. ilie inbKtuKv of tocnc of llwii 

A4 Rocm u Bliabfch uoandod (he thmM, and W 
fuTti tiie ]owi hortilitj to her govcmmtfii had bocM 
vh^wu hv tho C^holif' pncabidoo, an *ci fiMCcd (irt»- 
hifailiii^ Out <vlobntwn of Uift titM of lb* RoinUb 
Clii[n:h« on |KiQ of IbrMturv for dw Gnt o0^«c«, of a 
ytmr't impnu>nvi«nl &t iliu i«coi>d* aim! of pvrpacaBl 
iiapriununeitt for ih« iKiH. 

A Uw wu Bpxt tnadc in 1662. «fiaciiiig. ih^t aU 
wUo ImiJ o««r (j^nduiitid At die Unlvcivttici or recfiived 
lloJj orrlpm. «ll UwjL-Tft. And nil nuqculrmNo, aliaiJil 
tekft Ihn oalli or tQfiri'iiury wh^n Irvidnrwl ti> ik^tn. ■■» 
jttiiL o( farfoititn* iiid impnaofiaioDl dnrifif; tb* njj'M] 
pkoKiriL AflcT IIm kpat of thrvc tnoiitlii^ the oath 
niigfit ttpin b* landtnd lo ili«m ; Bfid, if it w^pt agau 
nftind. ibe renauit wm« puhy cf hi^ tratfovi. A 
pnvpccdrft Uw, boy c* «r wrtiDf frnnicd to 9xc)acl« 
Gftiliollc* froM tbo Uberd proAnlimi, wotiU Ii^tc Uwci 
tncrcjT iuolf compttml with thh odiotu Aft. It w t fv^ 
tttii^rivlivr *tatoto ; U U ft rHnit|i«<rtit'o y*naA iCaIuIo ; 
tlii a foUuajHiclin pmal itatol* n^^siiul a Ia^k^ cIar. 
Wo will not pondrciT oRlim that a. Ia« of ihk doaciip- 
tion amiAt aIvta^^ ojid aadKr aII ciiwotMaMn*, b» ii»- 
JBPiiikblc. But the preMnapikut AgDiiwt it b moM 
Tjolont ; Bor do ve renooihcf Anj oriib, oklwr in our 
own htslory, or m th<* Kitfor^ of «ij ocbw cottQiry, 
which wiwlil liAVu naidpcTcd Mich m povmiiin nvcvvwrj. 
la i)]« |inw«tat 4SM1, wimt «(|i^iMtAiiQiA t*1M Ihf «qi- 
Inufdimxr ri|pjtir? Tlicn nrijilit bo dioaiMka 
ftraaoe th« CAitiobo. Ilia problbliicn d* ibiiv wor- 
<Ui|) would nUmUjr prodoco Jt* Boi ii ii f>v«n tlnaif 
dtuiiiaM, noi from tJiotr oondact, from lJt« Vrvn^ 
wbkb iJmj M BullMvd, lu* fross tboi* wbkb ikwj 



• 








nAtXAird oos^nrri'ioNM. msroRr. 



441 



nad coin«aitli^« thai ihe nvisttn^ of 4jAroRl«nt ntni ni; 
litem imiM hv mfvrrt^. I'ljtrrc wtr« libdn, no doubC, 

^JUiviU f^r ft Iflw irtflk-lii^ L-ujiilaJ jjuualliiM, « |Mtf 

Ivigtii ycflr* Uurr, Uio bull of Piua dcpoiJzi^ ENa- 
brcb produced a iliird Iftw. TbL^ lavr, to n-h>r1i ftlonv^ 
ft» vc cixicdrct, ibc dcfeiet nriw ntydrr our ri^iMdi-in* 
t^ COD Apfily, puM-id^ 0mu if Hiiy CalMi^* vhull cun- 
VBTt a. PrMtvtant if> thr Kum^ Church, iKoy »Iih11 
both mdtev ilr«th ai lor bl^lj trrxaofu 

Wo Wlivftf (lul wv ii^jy>ii ^ali^Iy vui^U'iil iHinulviH 
with nUlhiit tin fjv:t, ouid Jiuving it to tiu jndgmcAt oi 
e'ntf pUia Jungli^hniaB. I^cnt obntrovvruio^ Vm^A 
boworer, ^vi-i) uu much Liu|H>rianci: to ihU *u]>}€^ 
that vre will nffer a ihvf tnmntk.* cm iL 

Tb tl^ ftr*t I'Uc^i tl)4* ;ti:gufftffiE^ which mn uri^ in 
ftvoitr of K'JAbcch apply with much crvKlvr iorc4j to 
th« cMo (if h>r Micr JtUi^. Ti»e Cailwlkv did not, 
ftt the timtf of Eliudwlh « accw&ion, ri>« in 4rtn4 to 
*«ii a I'ntondcr Lin bcr ihroae. But iMforo Muj hitd 
given, or ^nlU g^To, provucatiort, dia tDi»t dttim* 
gnbliisd ProloCftnbi fLtCfimplfd to i^rt axido htr ri^litt Hi 
brnor of th«> l>vly Jan^ Tlint attcmjit, ami the p<ut^ 
MqiKail nuuTvctioa <if Wy&tl« fiiniishi-d ai IctM 
pjod §, pl«a fur llio Uinuii^ of TrvKsumts ^ th<j 
B)un)cL» vjptnst £IicalM:th furJiuli for Uie liiughi^ vid 
embowtiliiig nf I'opio^ 

Tbo Gici tj tl^At hoili p]i»« nro vrortlitew oJIko. Jf ' 
»arli Bf^fnmctiu Arc %a pud cuiin^nlf it will bo cniy u 
jkp/vi? tiiRt Uttrp WM !w<v«r «urh a ifnng m n>fi)poa« 
pftrwc^boo aincv thv crM.ti<in. For tti<-ip n«v«r wv b 
r«Ji^ow pvniKUtinii lii vhkji M>mo odWnu iziimif ««< 
liot, Jwily or unjwtljr, uild to bt obvknuly d«lucibl« 



""■^ "^^^ 




n«ijjur» ooKRTftrnOTrAL 



front the dormncc of ih^ prr«ccut«id f^trty. W« 
inif:hl my that t]i« Oa-ears did Dot pf^n^cnCA t]ii< Chri» 
tiann ; ikftt ibny <iriJT pimwli^i ibmi who w*rft f 1i«rj;til, 
ri^hllj' or wn>n;;lj\ wifli liixmiiT^ nomi>, mi^ wjtit root' 
miitiii^ the? fuulcct :iboiiiiiiAtiotii in ic<cnH MAeinbU<9 ; 
■nd i^iAt Uw rtfftuitl to Uiror fnukkinccnw cm Ui« iJtAf 
of Japiltrr wu not llie crime bitt only ^hlencc </ tlie 
rrinkt^ Wt; mi^lit sny> llinl tbc miif«LcrR of St. Bst* 
tholofnew wtA irtit^ndtvl lo cxtirpnt^, itot « re^loui 
»c«t, but ft polrtiul partT. For, btyonif iJI doubly tli* 

Aujtro&i; Xi* i\tv biilllt- of Muiiconlouri IiaJ ^ren mucb 
mora troublv to the Fivneh mooftrchj tlun th« CiibcH 
IW havg tvvr (^i^i to Ui« En<-fi>i|i tnomrctij' inQc* 
the Iivl<>niiicl->n : rnirt iInli too with much Itas cxcb e. 

The tmc ditdnftion \% pfrTffily olmou*- To pwi- 
1«h IL EOftn WauAC li« bu ^&inmltt4Hl ■ rrhnet or b»* 
oniite Ih; » helievi^d, tkoagh unjuAUr, ta h^tm commiltod 
• cnni#t u not pentrvtlon. To pnnali a nutn, b^ 
ciitM wc infer from the mtun nf *a«ni? doctmc wbicli 
ho boldSi or fk^om tbe condQct of other p«r*aBa wlw 
ht>M the aaonc doctnntfl with ban, (bnt he vri!l ocnimit 
b cTuno* tt ])onaodoQ, And u. in every cut, fe^liili 
si>d wicfcod. 

Wh«n KlifAhMh put fUlUrd aod Babingbao k 
dMtht >^>^ **^M not iivrwcati'^a- Nor a!>oii1d wv 1«iv 
Mwnwd her j^vrcnrawDt of pvnecvtiovi hr fmmitg my 
hiw« howoT«r MTvro, ii;^ntl overt wcu d Mdidoa. 
Bet; to argoe ihau b«c«iiO a mn h a CalEwIiPt bir 
mut itifnk ii n^t to mnkr a bmtkrtf tOTrtifi^v, sad 
thuT baeomo W think* Tt r *hi fi^- wilt aitctiipi to «lo it, 
And then, to fband on iLit coetdmlon m !«« fat paoial>» 
«i|[ him u if he had don* if, U plahi pcrveculif^l. 

U, indiwd, all mrn reuonvd in th« «ua« 



I 



OALuirs ccur^mtJiioxAL uistobt 



M 



^ wmo clnUL, and ali»vj« did wint lliej tbou^lit it 
iMr dutv ii> do, tlku nwdtt of di«peiwin^ p«i&ulitn«tit 
fliiiEjSt be cxtmudjr jodioout. But ii» people who 
•gfcc about pTcmivc* ot^ft diw^ns! itbout rrjncIu^iimA, 
and u Du man in ilhe world fti^u ti|t lo bis <nim Attn^ 
«jil of nicht* thi?r« mru tiro enoriikoiu gafa in tb^ lofik 
by wbich alonr pcjiidlln Atr opinioiM car be drfcDdocL 
Th'* iloctriiie of rv|>rubu(iuii, hi tlw Jud^Mtit of toauy 
very able rcun, fblbwA by fiyllvpttic ncccdnty frofn dia 
dcx^m of filecdon. OUi«r« conoejv* that tin Aad- 
DonawB beray dtiixitly tbitom from tin doctrine of 
typvbatioii; ar.i it hi very £«iwrftUy thought thtt B* 
otsrikiuniBa and cnicltv of tb^ frvr^t dcvrrfption are 
likolj to be (!;« fi-iiil>T oa ibajr ol^m bavc b«ai die 
friitu, of AfiUouoiwi ofiinioiu. Tlii* vbuin uf riMuOii- 
il^ vo tliijik, is ikS prrf.-(.-t in oil it^ iJtLfU lu lliul wbich 
oiKkoa out « Pflpuc ti> be n^^L^iai-tly a tnuior. Yd it 
would be ntbcr a Btnrtj; moaiiitis to bang all ibo Cal- 
viautof on tbe g;pnmd tliat, if ihcy weco oparod* lliey 
wooU iA&ilibly comnnit atl iht atmciliM of MalthJa« 
mad KQ)pperdati&fr. For, roftua tbe malNr ad W4 
nay* npencjice nhovn lu that a man tnxy bcIiiTvi* u* 
elMtioa vilJiDul IwlJL'vtii^ ui rvi^robalkm, tbait he nav 
bolipovo in nfirofaatiao witJiont being au Antinomisn. 
«nd tb«t b« may be an Antinoniaa wltboui bdng a 
«ad dtiaon. Man, in Hhort, m to biomnttttftt a rroa^ 
taro tint tt ia impfiuible lo iywumi fro«a bii belief to 
lib oondnct, or frtnn cnii- f«r1 «f bi« b«lief Co another. 

W« do nni bdioTo that wraj Kdigliahmaa who wai 
racoualed to tbe OatbuUc Cl'.urcb vooJd, an a ticc<** 
fftfy conaaqiK^cft, bavo tn<7iigbt himxdf juatilivd ia A^ 
paring €r aiiaaaiBatini- EHaabvlk It ia diA cnflicarat 
ta iay that tlio conirm Kimt liare aidwowlod^ th* 
itttboiity of tbo f <^i and ibat the Pofte bad b>iMd i 



1 




144 lujj^irs ooKsmtrnoifAi. nrnusr. 

itiuU ajpunrt Uie Qowiu Wa know Uuvmnh ■!■! 
tftrftfigc loofkliolei lIw buiDsn mind cPoUivoi lo Moapi, 

AH ftduuiioH iMTopotfiioa. Wv kuow bow luntE ^^ ^4^ 
umisU CiiDihVMl lo b«li(>To ihv P*3po in&UiUa in MM- 
i«n of docirijit;, And «£ ibe aane timu lo beUew ^ 
diKtrinn whu-h ho pronounrrii to br faBtUieBl. La H 
It {laM, huif^vr, lIuU cv^^ty Catliolic in ihm kinfjikiDH 
ibougbt tijnt EtiobcU) mi^hi Ui UwfuJlj mnftkrvd. 
SJiII tlj« m!i1 attKUDt tl^ wiut lit I]i9 busDOM uf m^kj* ^H 
(khJ^ u dbu LficdiuMv of tiobmlyt u (urticvbHy lilueljr lo H 
boM good in a, •:aM in which a cnwl tUitfa k lb« ak 
moat iiwviiatile cooioqtieiictt of nMkliie ao/ sn«n»pc 

Of tiM (oa tJioiuuid dofgyniuD of tlic Ckamii of 
£ii<jliin4. dii«rft ii*c*rci?ly coo who vaM not ia^ ikii 
H in«n iilii> eiiouM Wtv )i» «ouiiiry umI frMvdfl lo 
pi'uoch Um (io«|^ atiiojiie mvoi^, ukI who aLooJiJ, afldv 
Uboonng iiid^C^ii^Ujr wttbout tay liupii of rvwwtl, 
ttfnudobe lui \Uv ljy imr^rnlom, w^itqU iluserva dw 
i«&rm«K ulnkiniuoiu Yot vra doubc whoUiv i«n <i* thr 
itfu tliouiVkd ever tlKtu^ht cf truing ooi «och an uxjuxb* 
tjon. Why »bould we aaiyoac tW curHHrnrJiwiifc nu^ 
tj VM, rfi>bi« aki tlicy arv covnUalJjr fauAd U) Iv hi a p)«d 
vunoi tbiMki bv ovuufxitnti for onl V Dottbllw ibon 
ru BUoy a JoUy Popvh pMt ia tbo «ld iBaa«r-kMHM 
tf Ui« nofUiem wiwtiut, wh? wuuld ba^^ ulmiitod. ui 
llieoryt tlic dc^Nniiig powtr of Iho PopCi but who wvttU 
not liAV0 bMn ambkiotta to be AnMcM on ike nek, 
OT«n llu»uji*l) it vi:re io be ated» Accordh^fc to the btiOe^ 
olttiLi F>nm4i> nf l^rd Barkigh, *' m rJiariuhly >« «nHi 
• Ibili^cau Worh>bi»|jau|^t^wii,awi (|nart<rr«d« 
•Ten dioMKb, by Uuu rare indulgtooo wbick thv ijiMvu, 
of b«r niwral pwu, «vrlatn biuwlMli^ osd am no- 



I 



:i 



iUU-iU'S (XMIHTnmOXAL Ul&iCRr 



lie 




lo gnKfalfl m \m «otnilw 

Bui Uie Uw« pODiacd »ffUOat Tii« PiuiEvot biMl iwt 

iIm vnKGliod cuLcmo nliicb wu iiavo been ccni*i^< 

. in ihk cue. tiua cruuky wat equsf, Uio dHlpv 

iiuly hvii [» &ct, tho tbn^r wa* crv«led tdnlj 

l>7 dui crudtj. Buth U fopartliiofis to pro« ibvfti^ 

meOL Bjr no arli|ic« <if in^naiiy can 1.hO cLiynii <if 

pRaMCiiUon, die vanst bknu»b af lUa Kiigliili ChiirclH 

bt efacfvi or i>«tch«<i orvr. Iht ilodtirMM, ir« wi'li 

tj oJ~ ulvaliuu uul <if ii«r own pal». Uitt Itib 
»tfl&C4t III tiwlf ii(iiii7urablt) u» ti«r, ■^:£nit<Bt«a 
sin afid \Iw thoino cf Uioae nrlio pcrsocutcd in licr 
oano. OuQunic and Bo Moniibft iImI noi, %t [casu 
nuirdur and torlore for diffiM^ncea of opiiuoit whkh 
lb«j eolMHiimwL a» Uiflin^ 1 1 ww t-3 ntop ftn iiiti?«?ti»a 
Wliick, «s Ihvy b«liered. hurrird tf> <.^rtwn f«nliti«u 
way tool whicb U suudcJ, XhaX tfacj «m|^ycd tboir 
Am and MmL Tli* ■OBWurat «f tli« KD::]i»<tL gonvti- 
ncnt wnb raifiMt lo llw Pa|iiM» miuj PunUins »^nng 
&c<ni a widely di^oreni principle. U tbuae vrhu deny 
ihtti ibo tmiiwiure of llic Ohnrrh won guilty ni' rdigioiu 
pttfWCMtaiNk UMin only thai tlio famdeEn of ilic Cburrb 
Vtfpro tuA indiicorod by Mtxy rvlt]^io«u iDotiw, w« p^r- 
IcClly 4](rvo Willi tLcm. Ntallier tlid praftJ votli; uf 
^ ^limb fldi, iior ihu luon batdul ayrtma by irhich 
HM^Hp lb* Soooitd aiUmpltid u> fonM KptaKx>|iacj on 
^Plffortd^ tad an oripn vo DoUtiw Tbe causo la lo 
bd Aijv^it in fcano circnutttoBoo vhidi atUnclfd Uk 
RaAnKUkn m En^nd, dminulanoe* of wbic^ tJi« 
U&cb lon|[ ccttdnurd to be t^, and may in mid« d«> 
(Tw bo traCHd avm at tko pf«»f«it day. 

la Ocnuny, fu Ftv«c«, ia Swiurrlaud, and lo Scut- 




lULjjjrs comTirmoxAL mf^roBT. 

tand, tlie eonUM ai^nst lh« Pap^t pnir«r vm.4 
tiftJlj*reli^uiConl<4L In all ihcafc ooiaitr q>. imtoiJt 
cliv c«u«« of ike lUrori»aliun, liktj oviMy iMh«r grvKl 
oiudu, Utn«1«] to iuclf nmiy nippurten uittueiin^ lir 
nv con«ci<miii>Lu prindpU, min^ who qnitMd tba Hiiat 
IJ»h(xl Clitir^ anl5 bocuieo ihcy ihoof^t ber In ^tmgtf* 
ouinir whn worr weary of her mtfnunUt atiiI DHnr wJio 
we-n* firanlv f^r linr 'poilji. Rul it wxa not hy thtm 
■■l!i«tviU thai tbr MT|>tm1Jnn wms ibm* mndnctad' 
Tlicy vrent wdcflma ADEiliana ; Ihoir mpfiaH wa* too 
gUva pmvluMd hy uuwortlij cvaplianoci ; Imu h"^"* 
«v«r eiBltud in nutk of pQwur* tlwnr vwe aol tlic WaJwi 
^ tbt oottqiciM. Mm of a ititUljr ^lARnt dvcrip^ 
tioi* men wba n!<l«erae>l gn»t iitAmlika &il crron by 
«ii«eritj, tUiiotenHtfldwaw, attrgy, «od eiwrafcc, men 
vliA, witk viAnj of tlw Tifipft of rvrolntionary irMnft 
■nilflfpi^lfmkdinniA, uaitMl BomeorilKhijtlMBtqnat 
ilitii of i4iaitl«, wuro th« ml dirvctoni. Tbay mi^ 
be H<d<Dt In iikiiov»LioB uid uttrriioiu fu «ontfuv«mr. 
They Kugfat Nawcinwi act wiUi inv.ttuttfalo ««v«riqr 
Cowards opponesn, and lomotlmu oonnlT^dinvpolKbljr 
■I dw lim of pair«ri«l allio- But fb«r ww iu»t m 
ffadm, MOT bjpocrt^, nor ararkc, nor any prttp iaUU^ 
tow. Ttwir ooe gnM ol^joct «m tlw cfftmUtion of 
lbs iiluh uhI tbo pun£cition of tlw >uicttt>ry. If 
iJuy ««ro too tndslgimt to Ui« fitiliBgi of «miiMDt id«i 
him wh^; |iatrcniQi?« tbuy exp(v4od aiJVB&U^ to the 
'drardit ifacy insTcr ffinclicd before pcnecuiLig lyiMiU 
««d bonOe ■nDies. For tktt tJuaJoj^eal ^Irm to wUcb 
th^ lif^Hftoed th« Utea of oihcn witfaovl wrruple, tbcy 
trvre rady to tbrow tmty their oitd livca wiibioat $mr, 
Hncb mr« tW uptbom «f tbe jtreai «cliMm cm tl»o Coih 
linrt^t mind in the iMtlbeni pftrt «f ibu iilAnd. Thm 
Bbcior of Surony uul ibv LandgrmT^ of H«Mi. thv 



« 



HALLAK'S co!f9Ti7rnoyAL niHmtiT. 



«: 



l*riiMe cf Condi tnd Uw Kiiiij of Kavftrr^, lh« l^rl 
ef Monj And if^n ICarl r>r Miu'ion^ inii^lic ^jioiiw ih» 

but tl wo* from Lulhtir, ftom Cnlvin, froin Knoa, lliai 

£ii|^uul luu DO aach names ta »1ii>ir ; hoc tliat she 
nntej mtn of lincrre ^ctj, of iWp l^omin^* of 

•loadj and Adr>>niurnu4 rviijr*^. But 1)ie*e «m« 
thrown into dit* bnf k groiuid- KUowlvro aion d* lhi« 
cbusKCUr w«r*> Uio pnn^wl*. Hvrv Hmy «K<wd a m^ 
vwltrr p»rl, Elwwliurv wuriJlincm '•as tlie tuol of 
■ebI. Uvre tail wai Uia tool of wi^rlrlJincriit. A Kin^ 
wliooo eltUQccor maj 1>c b««l describe by stying dmc 
he wna dwpoiiim ita\j\t per.ioTiifitd. tsiiprinnplrd mm* 
Mtrnif ft ntpAri^ru arittomr^', a u'f-vili- I'ftrlttm'fitf 
vach wvra tb^ rn^ram-^fiT:* hj which &if[]ani3 was d<^ 
liverud from thu johc <if I{i^iiu>. Tlic work whkb had 
bo«i Lvgun by Heiirj, the mvnli^tvr of Iu4 «ivi)«, wu« 
Cootumod hy Snmt^nft, tho nnirdcrvr of hia brother, 
ftnd ooDipki^d by EH/^lK^Eh. ilio inurdc<rar of h«r guit, 
Sprmifc ^^ brtjta] pnuion^ iiTinuivd b/ adfiob potk^, 
tha Itrfoniuitit^n in England dii[)l«y«d little nf wbac 
ha^i lit (/iltttr <:ouritrif*«« diAtingiiUWI 1% un1^incliia|; 
otid TJtupftnng doTotioct, boMucoi of speech, and linglo- 
onaof (»yap TIhm wero iiidvKl to bo fuuiid; but it 
w*« in the lower ranka of ibc {airty n-liich opjxjMHl the 
stiiUofjt^or lUntOf ia auca men ai Hooper, LftiiBcr, 
Bogen, And Tftykir. Of thoe« who bftd tny ioa^runi 
ilim ia bringing thr ttcfermndoTi nbcmt, RkDfj wBt 
pmitajn lh« only p«non w1ii» did niM (ontidar it *• a 
via« potfdca] job. I^tcti RidJ<?y did not (day a vvry 
promawnt part. An^ong tlio ttainmon ajid pidatM 
■bo |irindpaliy i^w tba ton» to the n^cfua cliuigWi 
{a otto, and ooe ooly, wfaaac conducrt pulkUl^ 




«tf 



llAJ.LAM-a tt>S:nTTt^TluXAL UttTOKf. 






lU«ir con attiibiitc lo ui^ ofthcr tksa mloivricd m Hrtt* 
It ui not ^u^njgtK ili«rviorv, t)tae his cliftittrlor iJiovH 
bavo b«un tl»e »ibjvct gf &<rr^ ruvitrotvrsy- We 
iiotuj' tliiu troFpcftk £if CmimL-f. 

Mr HuT^ini Ti.«t Wh 4av«r«tl)r mmind for m*; 
Willi UU w9a] yini^d sc-vcrity, thai, "if wi* vaj;U 
cbanu'tor or iJiia (irofcur in ^n wputl bilanor, k^wtU 
appear (kr iiiiUvd rvi«uved fruin llt« liirpilnife tnpolot^U 
(0 him fay hi* ttienivi : yet not ctititM to a^jr uxtaoi*i| 
lilnftiy TMientdon." We wiU ronian lo «3Cp«od ibt 
ieuM) of Mr. Hftlkun. aad u> commcfit on k thnt^— If 
m CDvuidar <:riJiBicr iDcn}!^ «r a jUiMravin, hovill 
Dot ifpor ai nnich wofM nuit Otan WotMy, G«rdbnicr^H 
OrMnmll, or fiooionM. But, wh«n tat fttb«n]rt 9^ 
fHAiln Uk «^t him tip a* • Mitilt it i< <cw«lj pnaiiblv (or 
■JQj nun of «nnv wbo know* 'iiv hiilorT of tba tjw 
to ]m«vrvif fan fimvitr. If Uw mem*xy <f di* areli* 
bbbop htd bcm Uft u> find itft oirn piftm. bu wmiJd 
tiavd >oon been lot MMOQg the cin^wd wbicb n 

" ^ ^«hJ citfr* COB 
9t * Cir 44A « IM. «• par « (WW" 

An4 tfau inilj' iKii»i>> wnLli it wooU liftve bMo 
$my to tdk« of lu* nimg wii^ilH hftvo befn 

- Ka nciAh* 4J lull QA ciAi*«. B pHL" 

[tut. kLticu bKi u<liair<Ti rhjiIlL<n^ foir liim % fhe^ 
lb* Dobia wmf of ininyn, hit diiitu r^folrf 
ilvuHWni. 

Hic nri){in tii hv ^rt-^iniruL, ronuarm miMi<;h in lln 
Mndfllmt (bmrttfrlt-i of ruortit sMUi itnuj^r ovt 
«f fJnctt in » linijiulajBj. OrMmor ma* into Ikvpw 
b^ ■ornit; Hmirr in Ui« 'ikgncMi nAir r£ hfi 
fim djforvti. Hn ^romattd tb« niMtbg» ijf Aim4 





^ 



BALIOH^ COyftTITCTWiXAL lOSTOKT- 



440 



B^Wn wit)i Uk* King- On « frivolgaA pr«1«-ncu Ii9 
(■rvnoLinmil Uiat naatTUigu ndl sikI voIJ. On « pn^ 
iTTicpt if jHuibtu, htiU iDorv fnvolouA, ho diuglvod tV 
tivH vrhich boand cb* sluuD»ln<s lynni to Aiitiu ot 
CIv7t?«. H« fttUeW IiIducU' to Cnjcnurcll while ttif 
Oirtiifios rfCrnrowtJI flnurvthnl. Hp voltfd for rWing 
ofF OmmwKill'A linid witliftnt a trial, ir\v*n ihi* iid*r of 
fO}^ai liivour ttifiivi]. IJe troiitbrmiKl bdickirnnli and 
fbrwaid* on llio Kmg cl]9n<*vd h\» mind. Ho v«Ut«id, 
v|iil« llv^ir)- livr.-^, in coutk-iiimri^ Xo thv Rimee thjov 
wbo dcniisl thu doftrmc of irttiu^ilut^ndAlinii. Ho 
feand ottt, u looti ai Hvrtry wm dmd, tliut tlic dofr- 
|]4iin Mfn» fiilii*. Hf- wb*, bowrt-cr. not at t !o» fotf 

|b«tf>fi1(* lA hnrn- T^i^ ^ulhorily if hrit fllDtifiii nifrl aT 
hta f^fj hurs ■■■» nnplo)^od U> ov^n^iMiie ihv difpTJ't 
whJi winch oji inidliginil Mid virluoin cLiUI n^anM 
jvenMntkim Intojurance i« nlwa^t bttd. Bat UteMB- 
^nsry iiitjJenQDD of a man wli^ lliw wavirod m hii 
errfd ("xritM > lonthlng, la whirh ;t ia ^tfBc-ult lo gtvo 
rml wllhimt c«lltn^ foul nnitw*. R^jtinUr fa]*c to 
pnKtieal OAf! ti> rplL^on« Abligaiionn, ihi> pnmatA wm 
lint Hit/ loot of Soni'.-nirl. nnt\ lh«ti t1i« IaoI 'if Nor- 
didisWIncLJ. When the Protector wulivd to put hk 
owv brotlNT t'> d^Eb, ititiiorrl ^vcr thtf %^mhhnt*i* *if 
I IriaJ. lie fottud a n^dy i/i^trumont m CmTimi-r. Tiv 
Ifiilo of Ike nnr^n Inw, whtrh forbail*: ■ rhiiri-hmnn la 
tikirany E*rt in inAfru(^<irhloi3iJ,T)ii> arT]\M»]i>jp nf^«il 
llie wvinttt for i}r^ Alrocioiui »nti«^nre^ Wb^n Soin«r* 
Ml tnd bviMj in lii* tans iWEn^y^, hi* d««iTOj«r iv 
cniv^d Otv m^ip'irt ff Cmnmi-r in % wicked attempt tv 

HiL- ipotuiQr nvdv for him ht his idnuref« only 
rcfidfin ^1* (^Mdnct more conl«iapirblo. HT^ Cv^mpllt^, 
K I* Mud* %puiBl lija botter jndfpiitfnl, br^^iaM hr r-: ul V 







nAijaii'3 LUKsnnJTJO.'fiAi, ueii>itr 



not rwt ihn oatrcfttiiv of H^waM. A lulv |ift4ill 
Df liit/t one voiild tliiok, aufcht bv belter ei>i|tlay«4 
by the beducle of a dyuiK cbild, thui in rommittin 
rrinm lU ihc rAqriMl of Um jroiMig diM3|4*. If CnA-j 
iLiifT liuU bhuwn ImlT «a muck Gtuumm whtm E«l»Bnl 
ivquwUHJ hioi Ui commit ircaMn iw ho liad bvlbm 
diowB wlwQ £dwftrd rei^u«At«i Um iwt to umaAk 
fluirdert be rai^t Iiavo Mred tlie ttMuttnr (mm mm of, 
the grcAtoit laufortnnirA thai il ^mr niulprwcqii. 
berime, from vhftievcr muiir*^ ibe eocoii»{il«ti0 uf 
vrorthWi Dudlif . Tbo virtDoai tcruplca of anoth 
^Dw>g aiid aioiiiUu uuikI w«r« W bw ovwcuow. A> 
Edward bud been fb[i:ud Into |>crMOUtiian, Jftuo wu 
bv nrlQC4Kl wto trvoifion. S^ inu»icdo« JH our 
i« isoro ELqjustiil&blo tb»a tbifl. If a h«c«^Unr li 
vr4ar« to hi n»pccuA, 'hinrj ftcwtmtd it. If a ] 
mi^-nlnry titi« w«r« prafifraUA, Muy ponftv.'d llut &I 
If the iniereet of Uh Pnlfxlmnt nli^tioii rvfiuirvd 
d«paTtui9 from liw onfiiufj rulv of vucciMttoik, 
biM«0l ivuald bavi- bem best Mrrrd by nuMig Kll 
botb to the thnno. If the fimgn rektMU of the 
Idngdoni wcrv oaruidonyl, tfUl ttroni^ retMini might 
be Ibund fat ^n£frfit)g GInehetb U> Jam-. Tbnn- wma 
^TMt d»Kibi wbftUwv Jjuie nr tbe Qwxm ^f Scoiliuid 
hwl thi4 bcUer cLum; and tlimt doubt wnnkL io «U 
prabftbtlily, hevo prodond a war both wi^h Sootl«i«d 
ftiid wjtb Fn»iee,if tbapr^isetof Korthomhirbcd fad 
nnt bcv-n bkihsd ID iu infiutcy. Tliat Elnebeth tuJ « 
better Mm ihui thv Qticcn «! ScMknd w<u laliaFpn- 
uUe. To t]\e jiftrt «rbicb Cmfimfr, end ott^irtuaMelj 
ftomc bt'lu^r inrn tbiin CrMHtwr, look in thi* moot re^ 
JHMniUe edionw, much of the wwriiy with whkb 
the Pi«rfMtaau wvtv nlWwardt tr«eted nwul iii filic 




new beikicribed. 



-- " 



M 



IUUAM-8 LXlAESim-'TiaVAJ. MMTOAT. 



4A1 



Th* plot &ilod; Popciy inumphcd; ojkI OruimCT 
Mc&nted. M<iit p^'^ople look on liin rcvcAkneatKni aji • 
nnglfi bkiiuib on «it hoiHrnmblc IHu, the fnultj <4 m 
itfkguartlAfi mointtkL But, m fart, hk lyfunUtlion IVAI 
in itnct AorurddDce wttli l}ie ?iv«t('m on wlucli Up bwl 
nvnilBiiUv acted. It inu port of a rtLnilni' liabjt- Jl «u 
not tlia firrt rwADUtit^u Uitt he luuj iiu<li»; uikI, In 
kII prolHtHUtj, if it bftd uiswenyl lU parpose, iC n^ckl 
not hare been tho bfl- Wo iJo not Uaoto lum fbr nol 
eliooniig to b« bwn«c] Allvoi It is no vimj Mvire i«- 
proftdi to anjr penoii iJut hr does mil pcfuax licmic 
fbrtJtiii!«. Bkjt Mir«[jr > man wlio likod tJi* tiiv «n 
liUfe ■boolil tiftvo Imd vcdiM »yuipttdij fcnr other*. A 
pvnxnbir who inflicts noihiit^ wbkli b« it not iiMMfy ^ 
«ad«<e ikMKVvt KniM r«apecL But wlntn ft man who 
loTOi liii doctrinct more thiui tbc ]ivc4 of btfl iKJgh- 
\»ovxfi ioTw hi4 own little fln^r Iwttcr tliAri hisdjoo- 
trinea, m tbtj ■ini;Jcr M|pun«fit d forfi^n uill eiiAlile 
us to oftimnte tlie amount of has bnuMvknrp, 

But ha martyt^ucD, it b ««iJ, rvJMintd «vury ibing. 
It » oxtrkunUuu/ tbiU lu juqcIi i^n'?mni-v tbutiM vxlil 
on lliMiuhjvct- Tbe iWl u- UiaI, if a ui:ui/t b^ n mRn 
wbo cbooAcfl tc die rmUif r Uiati to renDunca hu opmioiu, 
tJtmmnar wa« im more ■ martyr tb«n Dr. D^i^. Ilo 
died, N>1til^ tM«&xiM h^ &iu1cl i>ot Kelp iu Hu n<?r«tf 
Rtnctml liU m^AobitioD till Ha IovltvI he bail mmleit 
bt vnin. Tli^* (Jarcn w«a fully n^«»>lviHl liint, Calbi^H? 
or I'raintiuir, h« iLuuM biuii. Tb<i-n Ik; ipoJtv unl, 
u p«oplc p;iicnillv »|H»k out v/hvn tfLcy arv nt i.h« 
poirn of dcAlii ojid havo noclung f> hope or co f^ qk 
tartb* ir Mu7 li«d suflvrv^d him to live, wtr tfoipooi 
eliftt ba would Imro hctoA m^s^ ui^ r^etved ahso- 
iDtinn, IUeo a good CatlioJJc. till the accesuon of KJia- 
ooifai Aitd ih*t ha would th^n have purc^u«l, br 



IKS luujjts co OT T n cnoiyAU msTCBr 



•nMhrr nftnua^y, ilm |H>ir«r of bunun^ mtsn b»tUt 
Hid brmvvf iltfln hwiMiIf. 

Wo do no< DMui, liowevpT, to rcftratot hiai « ■ 
mtmuir <£ vrii^kMloeiM, Ha we oot wwitonly crwJ 
or liivtcbMrVHCi^ Ho wv mrrfllj' ft cnppic, lira^il, ini«^ 
OIihI covHmt, m UnK« tif fnv^dcnt and Tiulci.t cbti^pigb 
Tliul irliicli bu aEwsyii bvcn nTproMOiCL'd lu hii di» 
tliij;iitiitii( virtue* iij« Ikciliiy wttli wliSok he fnrpn 
bb tfocmkttt belong lo th« ch«rmetcr. Skvui dT bk 
cl&w ar« nontf vindictive, aiid ncTcr ^nuAL A 
present inUftM c^Gm« pvt KTvioai utd pMt Aqjuris 
from tJirir mtndji to|^h*r. Tbnr o«lr nbjrct « ad^ 
pre>i^«-stioi] ; iijid for l)u4 Uh-t conHliito lfaoa« «bo 
wrong thcin^ juit m* tboy abandon UnoM wbo > tr re 
(bftlB-' Bdbre W0 Bitol « nua for hi« Ibrginni; ucd- 
jHtf, tro alioold iiM|uif« vbotbcr be i« above rcrcq^ sr 

bflivw JL 

St^im^reet h^l u liltJo prtncipltf as bis cum^nier. 
or Ui-nn', aji orthodox Catbolic, ot<«pt tliat bo cbiw> 
lo U^ Ilia own Pope, and of &Ui&bv4h, wbo cwvlidiaij 
bad no 4>b}oetidii to Uh tfcoologjr of Hoiiw, »q oood 
wy wrUiiiig^ ThoM four pawm wer« tiis gx>9«l av- 
thon of ihi? Eogliafa RuAnmCiovi* Three of Owb 
had n dirw:t iQtenvi in tha oMMMfton of lb4 reijral 
imrr^'jUivr. TKe Inirth was thi* riad^ loo] oT any 
who trottU lnsc1it«B bim. It » not diAeuh to m» 
f^>>in wl--«l iiunliVffi, ai>d on wh:U plan, tiicli jitfMmi 
would b« indined lo nsiLjdd U^o Chordi. Tbe •ebeiM 
WBK tii«>f«ly lo Imudbr tbo fUl cu|> of t otootim fro« 
lii9 liftln^l'^niajn enrhiatrvra lo ocbur hknds, apilliafj m 
littler >i potfiblc by tin way. Hw Cttholic doctrinw 
ini] nTM votv to bo n4ai»td in tJi«ClHirrh of Bn|^ 
bful Hitt i!i« Kinjr wm 1o mmdfto Ibo control whfah 
bad fhrvmHy Ij^ltA^i ifr \\%i R<aiKUi Pooli^ la 



^iTI 



1 



- aALi.A3i^ tMmrmmurujL UDsroEr 



MT ft tflMft siion»dc<L Tbc oximM^iatiy ft 
t nbBimci«v, the fr>rtiiittt«f mliataon in tihKh be 
Rttiod vritb rtfdCpDft tA fi^mjin powers Ami Hiu vwl 

placvd ut hii «lupaal, vmLliloi turn to oppRw both Um 
reljgiow JSurtionii oqullj-- Htr pavifbcd wiib Jiajmiv 
tiftl «er«rttj thdM vlio rciiMificJod tlio doctriiMn of 
Kncno, ond tliOM who acJ»owMgod her jamdJclion. 
Tli« bub, liowvf er, on whirf» be att^Etiplpd to e«tab- 
linh hi« poir«r wm too ftBiTOw to b« diititbli-. ll 
w^uH tai^ b««n impOtfUilij btcq for Jiim l>tt;; li^ pvf- 
tccQle boUi [M^awioan. fivvn umJur htt ral^ th«n 
hod hovn insurrvccknw on Tii«i port of \ht> Cntbolics, 
uui «l(;nfi of m tpirit whIcL ivu iiktrlr uon to prmlacir 
inmrrrction on the f4n of thr FratMrnnti. ll wm 
plalnW iM»rM*arf, th*»n>fofn* tfiiit lh*< Crown fthould 
fbrm nil nllkftnc* irtlh onn orr w^ith ihr^ ntb^r «i(la^ To 

■bviiJua Ui9 vrbule 4uii(;n. RulLwUiitly aitd Milknl/ 
^ govomiMnt at last jninnl the PrutoihuiOL In 
IhniiSn^ i\6i JnnctlOM, its abjod was lo procure at 
^h aid •• pn«ifal« fnr itn KJIiih undf?rttkin]c:, And li> 
kd iliA iTiMlUflt pnoaihlp cchicmmJaim t) ih« «piril 

l^nKB thtf crnnprvmuMf tbc Ohun^i of Knfrftnd ^raii^. 
In Butsy itupwla, iiitk«d, it lun bvvn wri-l) f*.%T hur l1iirt« 
rn Ml agvof iFXub-^f^nl 3^«], hi-r pnndpftl f^mndiTr* wofi* 
ni.*rf» fiotitMvu, To thia niictimiuu)oe >bo i>w« her 
ModcTTftfc flrMoif her detMini cerMnonieA, her noble a^d 
pilhrrii? Ktiirpy. Hnr wnmhip a i»nt diifig^ifrd hy 
wumruvrjr. Y«it «li^ W prt!nprr<?ii, in • Inr gmli*r <Ui> 
frvo Uian uty of her Protoctsuit arteflr.lbftl art of »tfi]^ 






bg Iba Miiwa nml Til)' 



CbMPfh 



30 



But, uft Uw 



M4 



tutxurs o ww nn rn ciyAi. tiutoicT. 



■ 



>Uicr huA, iho oontlnufd lo be, fir «ar» than ■ ba» 
Jrrd tod fifty TG«^^ the Mfrrilo hanidiiuiil (if mormnliT, 
liic >C«ul^ tttnmy of pnblif liberty. t>^ -^Tino ti^M 

lunfi) vni] iho dalj of pewiiriily nbaYitrj^ all ihatf 
tvofunusik, wcm bur fiiviMirit« tvoeta. SUt hM Umv 
l«tieti firmly tbrovgh umm oT ofipresion, pmaortm, 
■nd Uoeotio Bi B w ; vhilo Uw wm tisntpl«d d<>vD; 
vhile ji*d^DMnit «w perverted ; wbiJL' tlic people wtt« 
Mtn H dii>a^ ibcy vrvre brwL Orxv, anil but oqm. 
for • Dwnwtttf wd but fiir « monicoi* wImq ber om 
dimity jutd pr operty wero loodu^L, fbe fnrgiM Ia ^rmei^^ 
tu« iIm» MulimliMMin which 4W lutd tAaf;bL V 

Elinbtfth cjfmdj ditceniiH) die mlvuibi^ wfaM 

,W9n IQ b« durivcU from a do«v ocmnociion bocwiii 

^Hit monardiy Mid cli« pt)4tfllu>od. At the titam of }im 

moeemiotu, imbxil, «be CTidiailly mrditUed a pertkl refr 

tfldliBliofi wUli BonME ttvj, thfMi^iooc brr wboh 

'fifet flhcr l««a€id Btnmgly lo kmd« of tfaft moat oWiov> 

imi fiArtK of tJbt CKthalic lynt^fii. But W rmp^noM 

iMnpor, Im IcMTi M^rity, and h*r peculiar «>tuRtMNt, 

•cKiD ted her to MtJurh hvrKJf cosnfdetely bo « diardi 

whicli iraf idl \wT own. On th« ittiB« priiraplo oq 

vUcb tho Jwnvd It. ali« oUvmptod lo dHve mil Ik* 

\t wicluB lU |«](j fay pt^raeratiofi. She amp^fttd 

>cTcn pmal Uw«, ncic beeeuso Aa UnMiglit cioik 

fcffvity to ite (liftdpttEie MrtsMry to taKetioti j htf 

becetiee it wmi the fratneaa vrhkb orbatrmry p^vri-r «m 

ig atrong fur it^^f ; beceiue ^e vnfmcivd n man 

roond obed>«ti'.e fruia tboee who mw Iq W boib 

;ir eiril end their «ccfe»ivtic«l diicf, tfawi fnvi tWv 
wbd, fiU Ifaii Papttta, ucriba ipiriiM«l seihudty t»lfa 
Pop»,orirc«illiD<e who,Iik«MnMoftl»e Pw{tni»a^ 
.Bribed U only to Hravnt. To dU*^Ql trvm h«r oMb- 
JifcauRt wti to dfaeent lro«n an imtilttCicti tondcd will 



^ 



d 



k 



BAlXiVf GX^tBrmmOKAI BlftTOftT. 



na 



ID exprvH nuw lo tliu nuiuit^mi^ antl L*xteflifton <if 
tb» Toval prwogMlvth 

Tliu grattt Queen uxd her miccoiMn, bj coitoiikrvig 
amfarxtntj And Vovnlty u i/lirnliraJ, at Ivo^ mnila 
^bna no. With tfjtpert In tho Calholim^ ini)Ani« ttw 
V||>n«- of pmecutioa sbniixl aJier h«r di^ath, JiintM 
Kwn feotid t)ut tlHMr w«n» titisbic to ii^um him. juid 
tfl«t ihv animoMtj vh^U lkc» Pnntjvi party ^ lowanll 
ibum ttrovo th«m of ne>eo«ity tt> t«k« ti.-fi^ ludcr >iil 
throiMu Dttrin^ iha tnb^^ont o^i^j^t. tfacir fkiili vtm 
HijnUag but didoy&ltj. On tli? oth^ fiaE>J, J«imfl 
ImimI the Fimtww widi Ktoro thnn t>ie hAtrtfd of Bln^ 
ibMli. Htt ATtffairtfi tA ibf m wjki polltif'ftl ; kt* wm 
pMWMttL Th« tMt liail pl«£Q«(4 hiis in SMlland, 
irfUfe b« ««« ir«>k ; and hv ww ik^^vrmined to bo 
VTKi villi lliwra in Rfigland, whoTQ lk« vu poworftlL 
Pcnocuticm itT^dndly cWt^ a Bn^rt irii4 a faciknu 
ThftI tbrro wm anji}iTii^ in tbo re&gtoita opnuoma of 
tku Purilan^ vhich K>n{l«rad them hoMilo to iBonar- 
cfcj luui Ti-<!vur bfwn proved to our tatiBdaetloii* After 
tmr c'trH OAntMtH, il Uvam^ th(« l^hiAn to «ar thai 
PrtiibytcrianUm w-m co dmtiM with Rpptkblirntiimi ; 
jdst dJi it has bom tho fiuhimi to say. sjioe the linw 
of Ui« FrevK-h Rf^olotion, ihat Inftd^i/ U connvd^ 
with Bcf>abl!caiii!na- h is pcrfvtly (tw> tliut a rburcht 
(■aftttitnlDd <ni the Cnlvinintio inr>dc)« mil not KrmgthoQ 
the bind* of thewvfirotf^ v> nuch m » hlcrarvh jr wh^h 
p<ttiirtii iif iirreral nnkn, dift*tin*^ in dimity and ftnoW 
«aiA«t uH i^f wlikb all iW nii^rnti^n an^ mrntaMljr 
lookinf; to the |{ovi;niaH!rit fur |>ra[n<ilton. But oxp^r>> 
haa cWrLy ihuwn cbRt a OalvtiiBtic rhun^h, tik« 
othtf di«rtli. U di«adi<«C^ wli4<i U 14 p«rh«cul«d* 
VbM whtsi it » tolerated, and afliiv«ly Jtiyttl when it k 
and dMriilMd. SfothuKl bat had a Praibyt* 



IW 



lULLUtS CCKCHItpmOffAL niffTDET- 



4 



tr (JoiKaul AnvinUy bw not* duriu^ ihttt |«tfudL 
pvMi half 90 moch tnxibU to Uio ^or^iunimt «p Uii 
'oi;vo»Uu» i^ the CIiqkU of CogbiiU |^v« diuimf 
t\v liiirty yurK whjch ibllowol tlie Rcvdotioii* TW 
Jw*ir.4 Atul Cli^riiw aIkiuIiI h^v^ boM iiii«i;«k«m in tlik 
Ikoint ik not mirprUinic. Bitt w» W Msloniili«d, ^m 
,jBUjiicJ7ntfta»,tlifit nua vT ovro^im tiiiift»iiMn «bo bBT« 
' bvfiru (Ji«i& tk0 |)t>Mf of wliBt toUraliofi «tn «ir«C(, »« 
vrliu uity %tM wicb lUvir i^wn cjv diM Uia Pii9»bji«> 
■re no fluch nwniun whon govomnMit ii witt 
'cnouf;)! to let Uwtn tlime, aliovld iMund iliQ pcrMCo- 
tioot of the MXtcfl^nlh jumI ■trrcitDOitli <ynturi« a» ka^ 
l^dk«|knnble la llw 4ftMy oC ih^ church %od tbo ili»uwi_ 
Hoir pflTwcutkm [imlvcu cbun-W uwl lhrm«i wm 
mnm nftdc wnifa- A H/iiMiiatk |>oUiicii] ofipuuiMB, 
;«liiomni. ^uiiif, Mil uOaKiibltft sprmne inJta « aoUm 
trJAcvidtdfnfaQr ttnoomMOttd wtUi dio rod bur- 
of ratigiMi or of tho tUM^ ikbm tho cIom of lb* 
KiffO of mLodieUi ifab oppuiiion begun lo tliow ibMlt 
It brolu^ Inrth on die 4|tMMi(n <if iIm BUBiifiolMi. 
^vPii Lhft nnp«rxd [.loofHt wn* comi^fJittd to "Wt^ni 
prvy, uid iloivty uad ti«rc«4y Iv recedv bdbfo tlit 
TIm apirii of iibort^ gnw iriU tb* gnvw- 
ig witUfa and bta%MMe of tlie ptopl*. Tho focUa 
Md iaAilu at JwttflB inittlod inMiMd of m^ 
ii i utmI tfio vTou* which i»ocdktcly ibUovsd 
iCMmoo of bi« ion poneodod m OMUoii of no coa» 
Attv&ri^, bflt»^*fc a kivg m«oliMd lo Im al 
rftnH a pMfiliT r«»ol*«d lo b« ffOfk 

'IV iMOQt pnvHdlaiy of tbe tltiid PulinBivii 
'hul«i, «j>d Uw giMifiica] nMuuno whrui foUovod 
[dte»Utioft, Bw Dttrtnirly >nitl d woi t iid lijr Mr. Hoi- 
Mm, No wnlor, vrv ihink, bm* «iiawn, in ■» ckor Mi 



aooookt 

ovodiM^ 




OALUtrs (»K9nnrTJ03CAL uivn>i». 



451 



ccDitftitution uf Englaa4 iir«t Icut ol' r^sUirin^ ii 
A inr^c ahAdccr. Wo htttUm, liowotvr, lo k |i«ri of 

i>ij<3vd, AJ^d tfioiigh ii u, tik« iW tv*t, <vidi;ni^j 
rnttoil LEI ft B[>irti uf pcHl-ct iinjiiirtijkljiy, ft];p«ar» to tiv 

W« fASi to tL« year 1610. Hio ftto of ifa« ^ort 
rlkuiwfit held in ihoi yctr clmrly indit-ntcil t1i« 
r« of |]i9 King. Th4l » i(trliftai<t«r bo mMl«TnUe 
frtiKng ihovld l»ve wut «tWr w muij yttvn ^ u|^ 
^iriUKiit U Irul^ wondvrfuL H^^ 4>x(<>lit it> loyal sad 
conciliiitory irjitrit* lia vondwti wc ar« told, mute tli« 
cxonlWffit Fulklmd in lov« wirh tli^ rcrr nnmc oc* Pftr- 
iitncnU Wo ihirik, indfcd, v/itii Oliver Sc iolin^iluii 
lift iiMderftUon «rv carriod tno br, imd tli:ii Jhu timo* 
nquirfd iL*rpnr 4ud mopf^ d«c-uled rooncibi. It vm 
fanmute* bowov^Tt liiat tlii; Kia|| lidd mioCkor oppor- 
toiUl7 of ibowuig tiiju liiJUvd of tltc lilK-rtm of liia 
rol^ccts whicli wag tbo raltn;- pri»ui]>1v of aU hi* (,<(M* 
■fact. Th« cole crime uf ih? Cocnmoiu wm thai, meet' 
ib^ ftlUr H lun^ JnurmiaAion of pAHUmr^tJt, «nd nf^or a 
l««iC Acriu of cnidtiA and tlk^l impoots they ^trcmcd 
UKliiwd (» «URii(W j^ri^rftn^m bofuiT they vv-otild rol« 
■upEdH!^ Fur tlrift IijK»liruo« iLin^ wvre di?»^tMl ■luiuat 
m >0QQ BA llwy iu«L 
^_^ Dttf^t. univunal jq-itutJuci, fiiuncid «aibAm«!itBi-nlc, 
^HMkrgutijHiion in «T«ry pott of the K^V4-rtltn<;n^ cmti- 
^^Jod CJiofbo a^in 10 convrno tli4^ Iloiucolidaratbo 
I Bom of tko voioe yt«r. TU'*ir mw^iii^ i^m ai>« cd" Cke 
|i«ot onio ip the hjiiioiy of 1I10 dvilitcd wofld. Whcit* 
twr of pulHw*] fnitdoui «x»i« ttllior in l^ivpc or is 



h 




IM 



lAu-ui^ awCTTTonoxAL nurotT. 



■ 



Amcr^^ \mM ipnuig« duvetJjr «r indirccdj, tram ihtM 
tatfitmkiM wiiidi ibfl^ M<nind end rdbnafid. W« 
Mnr tnni to Uie aainkf/ Uicar tufia iritlimit fcfUnft 
i p cK awJ adwrMaon cf Uw pcUriMUn. tW «nvr^, ihi 
^boUmi, tba ooiuwwbm* wi^ov* triiirli nurked il« 
DMwnra gf tliat gmt PuikiDfeat, from the dm^ «n 
rU<Ji h IMC la tko coniiwnc«nant «f dril hoiiiBtfafc 

The inpauluvettl of 6tnr0Md wta tlii! fintt, iml 
jirriiAp tlw ^TVfttM blottT. 'File wlio^ mdof^ of tiMt 
eelelkvicd tiHn proTcd thii lifr kail I .imfd • liHibwrntit 
■ckcoifr tu cubwrt ihe finMhntmUJ bvrt of Ei^Und. 
Xbn* p«il« of hi* oarr*>|>owWiir«> wbi^^i iMni Ihmi 
brDii](]it (o ti^lrt taoM In* ikwtb plKrv thv mUv b^ 
yand a duubt. Onv of bb fldnMrcr* hkt, iivdir^d, offmd 
to allow " iW tbu paMflgoi ^kh Mr. Halljn bu it>< 
iri£oudjr extntclod fton tli« cdrrttficind«ic« htt 
L^tid And Scraffcint, m pro^nj; tliMr di^iigii Ui 
diie« s Uioron|;ti Ijntiuiy, n-l>r emI ia uiy *arb d«iC|in» 
bnl to ■ UionragI) rrfbro iii tho Hflkm iif iliuir, u>d tiM 
tlii:n:Da|^ mtnMniM* df j«i»4 ■uilwrity/* W« will 
wcom m wHi iwo or Uir«e of tlwie f iMap ■ %o lli« «pp» 
oU i»oilo* «f our rcodcnw 

All «fcD Icaow tfvytkinjt of ihoM tbuv, know tbo 
llut condurt of IlMhikd^n iti the sfclr of ll>* 
IQoti^ mc4 wiU tiM wvtt ^ipnobtttMO of «vht f^ 
qMttiblo Uojiliit in Kn^kjid. Jt drow Ibrcb 
■rdnt fQlapm of tlm dnB|iMM ef fli« pn«i«}:sH 
■cd evon uf ific Crown Uwjcn tbtniGhPr*. C 
dtwllowv Itimfdm** d«n«iBO«r dimd^t dio «bT>l 
pmeeudin}? to h^rc been boAi, tboi em ibooe vk 
«»tidi0d ^ on orcMioa af^&M iIm dtfaidflr of 
pnpW, w«r» ooMp«l)^ to adoMmMg* 
tiiuil)li> to llnd any ftfull m biEin. Tlutt W wm* Hicl 
m tikspoiul of bw w now tuuTonoBTidvittoiL E 





SA)4AM'tf CXl^Hmi:T|ONAl, UlSTOftT. 



md It bc<n ockermo, hu haA n ikir cu«. Vtm of tki 
JnilAeaH A^nnle w mu- Cimtm lh«n vnr^ pvoAOkiiecd in 
liU lavoLir- The mt^mitf tifpdiat him yis& the tmalttwi 

olcDiMilotioiiAl libvrtjoii > luoilast uwl tbeeiil >|4x«f 
19 Ui« km t>e troftUxl u «l crima. StnBbnl, howwi-t, 
nwMiaettda tliut, for ukfu; die ion» «f a Iv^ tri- 
ImimI oo n l^frnl <)E]«t)aiu HAjn{>dvti vhunM be fun- 
uhni, and jiimiiiL^t ttmemly^ *^whi[it,** Miri tlie 
imoti-nt apnutc, " whipt Hib> hia mami. If Ow rod," 
ftdiU, '* bo lo DhTii iJiic it nurti not, I am tbe ioiutt 
,'* Thto is thv uniBb«lUXiOO of jxWL uithporilv. 
civUiwd tutionK, tlw movt vbitnify gortiriuueDt* 
re gononily auSarad jutko io hftvu a frvu ^Mxnu 
jirivAift Mib. Stnffbrd wiihed to ^ttkc^ -i^^vry cvim 
lymj court lubWt to th« roynl prcro^liv«u H« 
ijilained tlul in Ir«lAii4 bo vxi nat pt^nmitted la 
nicddlu ill cuua b«lwiwQ purtj and partj. **I know 
vwy irvLl," Mjrt li^, ** diat the cocnmun Uvrycri will 
bd |WM»M«ly anaiiiBl iti vliu anj wc^rit t<i put «uch a 
pr^ndkv upon all other pr«jluH»tiB. ai if ik-em «*«• 
Id be lroft«d. Dr f^uble to odmiiiBior juAicv, bur 
tJi'Dti#lvca ; fpi liow well ihk m»u willi monanhy, 
ih bail tbf7 namopiiiiat all «d be gonemed bj tl w jr««r- 
UmiLit yiM ia Eii|{knii hare a cmdy ejijunptc" Wtt 
■Ti naJlj cufioua to know by what arKumenU Uta to 
be pitiT«d» that the power ^ ioEcrfDring iii the law* 
tftm qT individtiald b port vt thv jusl Authority of iba 
live goveraoumt' 
II H iKit atnatfffi that a »ao so careleH of thv ami 
civil Hi^iU, which «vim dmpoia bavo gvQorAlly 
fcMfiectvd, t\ivn\d tn»l wiib «oorn the li»itttk«ii wludi 
lk« oQiHlitiilion im^fmo^ on thv royal ^rvrogAliTe. Wa 
Hig^ i]isoca JJ^pn : bul w« wtll content otirt«lvt« with 




^' 




ft«0 



ILU.LAM'S C0KrTTn.^T103aL mSTOCT 



^!\ 



lalntt oft jrofl «af goram ■* >iia pliuM : Hnil imu 
rw>lui« t An tlui may bt dofw wUhuM Iwnxtwtin^ -un 
help Idrth of the KSnf't \ot{^ngjt" 

^itrh wiM the theory U iIibI tHnrnngh Trilbnn in th» 
M&be wliicb SUafluni moiiutwl* H'n uholf^ pnctirv, 
from ti»o iUy on wUich hv vikl hinuntf to tliv cvorl, 
vraa iii strict c-ijttlbraily to hb tlioorv. For lu* ACtHxa- 
l^iccd rftriou» c:tvuvfa may be uryciL ijCWnHKr, imb^ 
cnlity, religiaQa iNgatry. Bai Vr'ctiiKnjnh bml nn ivcb 
plvwb Hi* btdkct wu Apaclotu. Hh mAy pi^«ft»- 
«e*r<ionj wen* on tijo aJc of ikOfmUr rii^Uy !!• 
knew tho vlinlft bnjftty *nd niao or fhs rjhwhi wIM 
bo jMtiroiptnl to dtfCbcc. Uu «m the lint uf iho Rn^ 
tlw fiftt of thuMf kUiluH&uB vliOM patnotuDi W ht^m 
only Uiv ciM|UiiCry of pvlitkaJ jiraiilDrtjOPL, and whoa* 
prol%m:y hu tanght gorcnanMotft to mda^ tin Ui 
mniim 4>f iho •IftVo-mAHcM, ibfti H n cbcupor 
tluui 1o bntMl« to inpurt (ic^didfTrn ^cnn an Op| 
ihui to ranr ihm m o UitililiT. Ifr W4x iJir 
Bngltllnvan ti> whoca a p««Ta|[» *** n wcmnntt of 
inftmy, a baptkni idIo Uw conisiviiiofi of comiptbH. 
A« b« PM tho «vJMt uf lb* hnii;fiit lUt, •» wu bo alM 
bjr &r ih« fftj if>; doqumi, ojicitciotif, ailvcBlanM^ 
inCitfiid. Rttdy of tiiTHiikin, imiauiiihlc of p«u|ioii. ifl 
•«tty tftlnt which rxn}i» nr «fe^troy« Mtknt pfffrti 
n«tit, the ](m4 Archuiitvl. tbp Sftiiui uf th« apoilft^. 
The litlo (briitikb, al the iibip of bu ilmtortiaKt b« 
»t(-h«asi<d 4 iivne hoouornhlj ilbiiiiEiMthod In ibt 
cnur cf (be poopW, it^nmdi i« of tb> appolhttkci 
vhkJi, ftoin tli« tnuiovttt of th* Am trMon, itwd 
kMlf OQ the &UuD SoQ of Oio Muniinir- 



i«h«ya 









lULLAir^ coK^nrLTioVptr iiiSTtiiir, 



un 



^mShtiCnd TftAinIr to dmw on Liim ifio halrtTrl vf Ufa 
fonCtcijviTvnM. tt hu Mn*^ in»dc him kit T.hjc^l of 
p«rulUr intec^irt to lliom whw» ilrf« \uvt Wn 9fi<tit, 
llki? fiU, III pmvin|r ihni ih^TP B no mftKiV hkv iIm 
mitltc^ ul Ek raiugauW. N>7lJiing eari V morn n>mnl 
or borami>tg Umn tWt oii« tunicubt alioiiliJ (ntlofiM 
asodior. 

gTikh**! hj tlictr pTiTVitc vntiioi. But Strvffbnl wn* 

tbe ft&fiM thn)U|;1iout. As wa« lhi> !iiat«ninitTi, mirh 

wia the Icintmn, and moh t)ii< lover. Hi^ (^ri'Wt 

Uxranlt I>iiii Mi>imlitto:Ttf u rcvonW by fTATi^ndrtn. 

For K word wliich on vriirvi^y W f:-ulJ«d ruth, i«Fir<^li 

CDkId not Unvv Imvh miido tliv >ubj«ct uF on ijnJitiftiy 

dtfl Mtion, ihc Lord Lipotonant draj^^l a man of 

hij|h nalc, nmrried to ft relAtlvo or tLJt midi ubuui 

wbcm liR whTrnpi^Tttl tn tlio I^<vr«, fai^^bre ft tribaiuO of 

iliVf?- Seait^nce of dmtli htm jwhj««od. RTiry ihing 

tiut dcftih WW inflicted. T*.-* ihi* tr«tttni'^rrt which 

Lord Ely vxpononcfd wm Uill inofc •rvidftlaink. Thftt 

noblefnoa wm thrown into ^wfit 'in oHor l« cAB)p*l 

hioi to «cttb }im ttriatc in ft nurnnvr Pi^rvmblA to lib 

dftogtiter^n^bw, whom, m tben^ it <T\crv ron»ofi tti 

bf^dvc) SmSan! Iiftd itcUochLHl. TbMc Mocfefl ilo noc 

o«i vn^tf rrpnrL Th^ biOAriftC;! mo^ pftrtiftl to 

inaniiter admit their Inith, nnA ri>rtcnn> thtn m 

wliieh, though t<io tinucrl for llw o<ytt«Io«, nto 

■vTvre. Thesu ferta sxre aluuf lulfiriont to jwtify 

IKlbaion with wipcb Pjnii bnimNI Sim, " lh» 

Iq «7nt« of ttll StrftffiiH'ft tk«R. ht ttiitv of i^l bit 
iongcrotEi pnn^h, he ir^n opitninly tntitlwl to lb* 
MMlh (tf tii» hn ; but of ihr Uw ui all ir* rigourt nf 




40S luu^vs coanrmmMtJiL hibtort. 



tlid iuw aeeorduiff Ui the utmost sbittMM «f th« WlUir, 
whirrh kiU«Elli» Mo Wfti tnkt lo ht tarn in pifc^ Ijy i 

not tu Wrr pimubmciii mctod ant to him fimm bit 
own nui^uJioi» niouoiu. But If jutuo*, in Um wbola 
WLgo of lis vido omuoory, coai^itcd ooe ve«pgo wkU 
oonUi |iicr«c liinii, Uut wcttpoa hk [nnum were bvoDd, 
Mbr» God fiiwl man, !■> «tnploy. 

riri4 «HKr l« Of lur> 'Ul bai IT MM^ 
Ul b<A OOt •Hfc't «r U-" 

Siu^ WEM the kugiMgc wlikU tbo ConinKniB mi^ 

JLiAllif ii4r. 

Did ilirii ih« flHidM against SmffstfilAriedjruuMrat 
to kigb tnivoiiT Mwir pco|ilc, wbo ktiow i>»iUivr 
whjkt tJM^ vti«l«i worts nor what liigh trcuvu », wil 
■Jifttvor 14 tlitt iMf^tJi'Oi tioiply becAUM t^ aoevBoi 
pawn, fpcAkiiig for \u% life, toak t^uu ground of «!»' 
r«Dcc. Tlic Jooraftl^ «f the Lordn a^w that iba 
Jud^ wcro connltcd. Tliey ftjuwtirvd. wiili octr ac* 
oord, thai Uic arlido* era Twhk-h t}w Eail wu cofivieted, 
aa»ouji(«d lo lu^ tn-«wn. TU« |udioi»- ofaAioo, uvoi 
if W9 >u{ipo«i it to kavu bora untmcvvu. |£oo* ikf lo ^uo> 
uf^ th« I'arijaflianL TIm jodgoMiui pruuouiicoil in tJi* 
EK«rk«quGr Chamber \uu alwajrv \xtm Wfffsd b/ %im 
it|inJog«UA of Ciuu-Ici in drfunoe of bit oondiicl nopoct- 
tng t^t^mm^M Yet on that occasion thm wa« fani a 
bare iaa}uriitj in &vonr cf ll*a parlj ai wboof plfttMUr 
all lliii BBa:^inil» coMiWik^ thn triliuiial wen; nunov- 
abb. Tbe tkraiion fn Uie caaif of Sliaflurd wm nnan** 
noua , aa GiT af trc can jird^, it wai unbiaAMi ; and, 
Aotigb tliara may bo routiL fur IwwubiioD, wc Uunk oa 
iJto wholo tliat it wu nauuDiaUo. ■* It vmy bv r«- 
markai," «qn Mr. lUIlain, » that the ttkoonUi artkla 



a 






! 



*^r* 



d 



EAUJiW& UOKSTirtTnCWAL tUTlCBT^ 



4m 



of the impMcfanimit ckargiqg Smftord «itU r«faing 

Ac fkraplp nf liv!and« in ordt'r li> f'onp'^l thc-ir ftUili- 

i?n« otlurr utid«, nul u|kiii liio wiiolo inAttcr, tli& Fi^ejv 
*Qiod lum ^liltv, iio»i^ ^ Itm^ appmsch twj nwirJy, 

m tbuttucutcor tMw«rd ihcTlunJ, ft»iilcTym|^ of vmr 
•^nal tJio king/' TLi» iiii>*E. sourxi ftnd jiiat toEpotitiai 
bifl pvoiralced a vvr>- ridtfrulcHi* rq>Iy. "' ft sIktoU s«c«d 
bo lieftn Inah ncmjiUiK-Ucm ihu," Ktrv ah nuAuhTil of 
Mr. ftiillain, ■* which inik«s the roiunj^ mooej for tlte 
Kii^z'^ vcrrii:?, ^itl: lii^ kn'jultnl^*. mid br lu« ii[:*pr(^ 
bftiJc^t tu eooie oitJer the hvuA of Icf^'jiii^ mr oq tho 
King, ijid ihcndbrc to be high Iivilua." Now, ipoa^ 
wtio undntiko to write on points of conMrtntionnl law 
■IioqU kno*, wh«t Avei^ ftttomcy** clfrk aitd irvccy 
Cbrwrcl icbooiljoy on tat apiwr Cbm krruw*, llni, hy M 
fiauiftiiieQUJ luuGim of uur polity, tbo £in^ cab do uo 
wroog; lli&t wnrj «oiift la bound lo mp|>Da« Eiu 6cn^ 
duct ami bia wrtimtsnta to b«, oo cr^ry wcwjoi). Midi 
M Uiej DOgbt to be r and thnt no 6nd«ooe cut be ro> 
cdvvd for the pnrpi-fM of Mttin^ sddA tUi b)«L aad 
Mltitary prcaqpiptknk- Tb« I»nl«, thcrvlWr, were 
Ukufti) io lAkc it for fE^atrri 1h«C lliv Kiii^ rmukicrrttd 
kJfOB rthich werv miUwrull^ tlirvc1«J d^Hiiiiit ha |M*o 
|de ai dirvcted ijpuiwt Jiii own tbnrino. 

Thit Koiufka or Mr. H«llani on llif bHJ ofaitatfidcr, 
ilKmizb, H unial, wd|^^ and flcnlo, do not porfodlT 
mtiaty tiL Ho dH«nrU tiie f nnriplc, bfit nkjcrm loihe 
oereHty of iho pninabmrnt- l^hat, on grcAt enwrf^i^ 
"^mt tbv Suic UMV jwiifiabJ/ pwv ft rttro9|>ootiTe net 
ftgtiiMt »u oUtndFr, wi* Usvtf nu dcnbt wbatovor. W« 
«n ocquMatod witli oolj- oix« trgmiMviC v«i 'J]« olba 



IM 



TDixtir& oowsnTrmoxA* totmtfiT 



■da, vrbich hn in ft snoii]^ of rntnn lo U-nr 

but a rniiinliui^tit mlbcWl, not by r gencnJ mir, 
fjv- nn aTboir»rv dlKTVlion, oiitnot iw^ tbo pnqnn^ 
B wiuning. h ii ibfmffbr* osekisi Htid vt*L«Mi 
Dti^ht tuH to Im indicciML Thit •npbMin liu Ptnnd 
waif niti> wd^ liDdJEa on p«nftl kfeS^datioii. h 
luiwonr, of ■ voiy jompln r^fblMkin. In i)i« Gr%i ]4an^' 
punialimvnbi K;t:_pa«r/4irt» mrv butsUof^^lW iia^ott«Tf» 
u trinLinifi, Tboy «v vmrninip to ■ puticnUr t)am 
which OwmI ni j;mU bwvI uf waTn«&j>«, lo bi^nwriTni 
■nd mmhon. They r«>niiid pefwm tf Hm dwcri i ' ti wo 
thftt tbmv may 1ni a day of nv^onin^ ^ liicvo wbcN- 
•^ »mA CDibve Uwir conntry bi &II th« IbniH of kw. 
But i!bU M iHit tQ. Warning U, iii ordinary <vau«, 
|icinci^ «nd nf pimislMiwnt ; tmt it h mot th# onh 
«nd. To remove iho o4«nJ<*r, eo pra*«rr« aaefei j ft 
th««o dangcn which mr9 to b« afq>rvhaad(-d rnmi 
bie«n%il>W ilifiruviiy k oAoii mio of ttie t-ndi. In 
caw «f mkH a knarc m Wild, nr fiKti a rufltan 
XluMMil« Ic I4 a vcn' imponant end. In tho raM of 
powar^ and wic^kod nuiuiaum. it U mfiiutivly imnrt 
impnrunl ; ju> iiOfiartnnt, an alofw lo jw^y llin uCVulA 
mrmitjt w<fn tlioufch it vera ccrtan ibit li i< &u 
(wt datar oliier* IVam imiutii^ faA oaatnplv. A' 
aat, Indoed, wa liKidd think It cstremly fmiueiniii 10 
tak« Mob a coum, even with a wnne ninli^r tliaa 
JmAvd. if a wofM vaald mn ; fur, at ptMvai, I'ar- 
HcmoM lutt on^ to wUbSold in soppoft ^on a Calini 
ta prcdore ra iaaafdiaiia rhanj<* of Ha^il*. Tltd 
waa wiiMy drfli««ciL in tlit* ivi^ of CbttHci tba Fli 
That Princa bad it^vvriKid during olrvcD y«ara wi 
ont aay I'lttiaiMiii ; aod, av«n vim Partiuwfii 
MttJAg, had aappottad Bnckii^iia ^mt hi 
noI«Ql reoKimtranooi. 



UEVutt 

t iirt**^ 




IUU.JVVK ry>RSTrmnoMA!- irrmwT, 



4QS 



Hr. UnUftai u cf opinion Hut a lil] of |mbu» And 
tVi guj[til to luLvn Iwwi |nvM»J ; but be dniw« a 
ion LsK JTUt, wv ihsuk, dtiBii hb diiiincdnoc 
tuuiilly uUi IlU ojJinion, fo tat K^ yro con coIk><:t tu 
w tUb, tbat ibuv are tUmoat imunfiotLhlabic objcctiDni 
t-i rcirCi>^^v<x:livc Uvn for onpiul |>iimHlLi»rnC. but tl^iatf 
wberv llio ji'^intinictit »!^i4 alioft of dvmh, the oltf««- 
tioitf juv com^ lualiA^iJ V tritUfi|£. NoK the pmclioB of 
Uikiii^ Uw M,'v«-i^y of till: penalty inio caiMtbfAtioiia 
when Uw i|uuAtiuii i» JtUuitt ti»- itiodv uf priKNi^uiv niid 
iJie rules ot' vTidtfnca, it no doubt JtuJUcitiiEiy commoi]. 
Wo oA«f) ac« a muR cnnvictcd of a atm|:}o brcvry «a 
tTid*nco oci ttJitrli he woald not be conTirlrd of ■ burg^ 
Ury. It roiiviiin^ ]iAppai« tJkAt h jury, nb^n iLnn is 
■Iroi^ n»pki«ai, Uut not HU>ilttto iit»iiQii«1miiaai* IbiU 
Ra acl, liu^^uvtlioodbty uoiounti^i^ to iaurd«r^ wo« cofiH 
niti«<J by tb< ^risoU'^L' WtUrv lijvitit will fiiiii Liiu u^ilty 
of tniMuiu^tflr. But tlui It *ureZy very inMioiLiL 
Tbe nilod cf qtuLmico m> more doprnd on the Btgni- 
Uuk of tlw inureiU at make tbau tliu mien nf Adtfcia^ 
lie. V/ti might M wiJl my tluit we have a grrftkr 
cLukce of Uirownif; a tMu wben wro uru filftjinp; for a 
pciLiiy tLia ^bca w tu« {lUyvifi for « tbuusuid pouikd*, 
» Uoi ft form of tcul «h'^ i« vodicivnt Ibr tlio pnr- 
fKMv9 oi jiudcvi hi n Biattcc «fl«ctiD2 lilMTly lad j»m]>- 
vTty, » jiuufltdrnt m a auutor fttfbctiiig UfvL Kay, if i 
mode of prociMKbTig bo too Iue fur capita] caaM, it is ^ 
/WfLdW, Ko Ux for all oihen; fur. ir. r4|!:iaJ oatM, i)io 
pri)io{ir« 6f bionaji Tiaturi^ wiU alnAvf ofh^rd conviiilrr- 
abitf fccicuntT. No jud;;*- » »» rnwl a% htr who tndonmi 
fi«a IkJutbvJf t^iT wivpukrtitj in cwio of bkwti, by ticuEiva 
III alEitr* vl ABuUor Jui|>ortanc«. Tbe djllvreiic<e m lale 
*B tha one tado Ur nwro than inakca np fur the differ* 
■n^ip mifQbt on thujoifaer. 



Bi 



I 



106 



iiiti.4)r« cxutOTmrrKi^ffAi nvTvmr. 



m 



If ihrre b« ftur aiuv^rtal tA)fr<i'um ttt ivlfMficdlft 
LiuAiunfDt, there is no nvvv to 1^ «ul. Bat varii li 
IliM tlieo^ioiN) of Mr, n»lUiR. Ni> afprova of <lw 
uf pnweedinjc. Hn ihkakt thai & jwiiiihaMni, Bii 
iomafy dflMd bjr Isw Id tlie odlvncv of StniflMt 
iM hvn hrvn Uidicted ; lliU tftnt^jfd «liaaM haw 
bgr Mt of l'«Hi«Mic«Bi ^grftM from bU nal^ 
'mvI fcoHlmukoil to prrpMwd fauuthmnt Otir SM^ 
ewltj wnnild luv* bm at tiu* Hrrt KUp, uid there Milj. 
we o«n «EAro«l3r coi>oc*t« dml mar ca«9 vldcb 
not can Ear capital imnklunteit rmn ^i lor pntiB^ 
L bjr * tvUoifwciive ad, W«rui icBmljr ootK«*« 
■ nuui M WRked udaodaagwoua that the vbolocoinvi 
•f Uvr nrart bo Jiit iw faad In oHar to rtu^ Um, jm boI 
■0 widted m lo descrra tb« t^vm^ icbienc«» mt 
iaajr^roiD as 1o raiiiirv ihc last and suroit cmIoJy, 
vf Uic ^^raTtfL rr iTv liAil tb(iii£lii that 8lraffird tntg 
ba MMy Miffprrd to Kt« to Franre^ ira ihnoJii 
ihOTuM it bctlflV ibat ba ihould coiitinoa to lire 
KHf^'H, liiaa that b« «h<iidd ba cxiM b^ a 
lot. Ab lo ifa^ndation, it waa mt the Eatt, biM 
gmnral and th* ilMMiSMm, whom tbv p<«pl« had tt 
Ear* Enkk aabl» on that ocraakin, with vore truth 
than A ^tt oa, » ficooe dead hath no ^low/* And ofr 
ftifi dariiift tb« civil waia tba rariianvnl )iad Tttauti 10 
njoica thai a& aJu«n«ible law and an inn'aaMbU bai^ 
cwf pnitDrtvd them &\aD ifau falour and cai^meity 
Wantwortk 

It ■ p:BBfi>blD that nrtlhcr Hjrde nor Fal 
valad Cfluat tha bill of atCMsdar* Thcra b, mdar^' 
ntmm m biliet9 ihac Fhlkbwd spoke In hrmt of II 
In one nvped, ao Bfr. Hallam hai otaerTcd, the pn^ 
fading ivaa hoiMaiimlJy dhihiti:Tihhvd fma < 
Jm «na hind- An act naa pa«wd tu relieve 



'"J 




lutuira oovflTmrtiosAL WRrowf. 4fi7 

of 6lfmffiin1 from ih* foffMit ur a tod romiption ^rf 
«hii>h vf-cm tho li%tiX cttivn^wfrtcv* f^ iW *PI>' 
Tli« Cronv: b«l nevur vliovn v^tiij jjvtii'riiMly 
in a <^iiB9 i>f tnaMii. Tbe libml ecwlact of tlio Co«n- 
mi^u hu bcoTk ftilk remI movt npprqwiaioly ^^i1J, 
Tlw HouM of Wentworih has t^ntv that tlinti Wti M 
much dblin^iJiiHt by ptililic sprit ta by px^wf^r und 
iplmdi^r, uml mny M th« pmM-irt it^mmt >HiRjit <tt 
DiMnb^n «ritb whom S«iy aotl lltuiiptlm woulil luve 
txvtfi procd tA net. 

it a KKiMw!)*! curious tJut tli« adioircrt of Slntflvcd 
■boolicl ftbo ba, without a na^o vxcvpticm, ibv mlmittn 
of Ch^rlc*; fcr, iHiniorcT wo may ibink of ih© con- 
dw-t of tiM Fariiutit-iti lowtrdi ib« nnhappy fiivonHi^. 
there cfln Ic n» doubt thai the trt^rmtfnt whirh hft rt- 
CJi^d from ha* ou^t'^r v^a* rU^tprai^friK PatllitAM 
■like to hif p«0|Jtf uitl (f> Ita toolit Ifie Kinjc did not 
wrapW tu pUy tlio pBJt «r tha cowardly apj^mvcr, «ho 
litngi hl« aifcomplie«^ It i« |£ooil ilist tliet^ tJioohl 
bo mch nwn w CWIm in oiwr loaguo of Tilhny. Jt 
bt Jbr nch hmq that the offer of pankm and inward 
wUch ippmr* after a Hinrdcr i% iniMcM. Thoy arv 
mikflnaifiDd, nmnnnratu], and d^powJ. The very 
siApijiirat0 who ftTaiis him'^lf of ih*^r Mtitlance loolci 
ii«t thcvn ai ntoro coiiiir«aptib!e ihui tiio cfTimr«1 
whom lJ»«y bvtny. Wa» Sirafford mHoccnt? Wai 
be a meritorlotM Bflrranl of Uio Crown ? If t% what 
ibtU vc think cf tlic Princl^, who living nkmnty 
pronbfd hfm tbat aot a bslr of his hnd itionhl be 
burt. ai»d poMcasing an nnqnadoned oonoiitiitior»il 
right to tmrr. him, fl;tivp hira iip lo tbe vm^^fkre t^ hit 
Btto nfaj y Thvrv wvn aonM peiot* vhirh wr krkow 
'}ial diaricB woqUI not conc^^, nnd for wUtrh he 
wiDbg Up risk Um ohaacw of civil war. Uu^U 




OALUVft OOXSITTITrKniAL flKTOlT. 






IK>t A KiiiR, «I>o will tmk* a ettad fi^r My tUngtb 
Make A AtBibd for ihe iancccut bi«odf Wiu StivflM 
guiltj ? Evvn «i» Uin «u])pontio«« it b ddttcuU not b 
Mflivhia fnr t|i<; |iirti«dr of hi* eiiillt Ui« ivu>|4«r tor» 
•d putidicr. Jr. iJidevd, from thai lime fvftb, tliv o«i> 
duct of CbaHiM had boco Uaaid«M, it mi^l hftve bwn 
Muj tliat Ui cf a w«f« mt lui opencil 10 tiM umn «I1m 
InnArr eMulufd, and Uiax^ in HCRficit^ to tlw wiifc* 
of his Parliatnml & mioulpr «boi» r^iaut ha4 haan ■ 
dcrvotioo loo ttukHu to Uw intansti of ki« pnva|pUiTa^ 
ho gtro a I linfuL sod ctav^f Iwuliaiing proof of tliA 
itit7«ni> oT bu rcpcvitaDOb Wo vay doaenlM ibo 
Kind's bdiaviimr on tki* ociwao m bnoa n«mHi»4 
tlioM vfakh lluaio hai oaplo^ whan fftaoldv^ wi tkm 
omhUici of CliurdiiU at tlio IUvoIuUoil It r aqf ub ad 
orer oAtr Uiie cowt rifid puticc. and Moccnqr ib tha 
dcolmga of CliAirI<4 wiili Ja* poofJn to vimKeaio U« 
covdoct tovard* \m fhttid. »tlis Mbn^qnenl dpalinp 
with hi* poQf-ltf, hovwor, clwHy «bo««ed« tImI it wm 
not fruw uv m^wct Ax lliv CunilJUilMn. o« livfli maj 
Kcuu of tlw doup cnmidaii^ pf l^ plutv m whU 
Sindord and himMlf had hoNi oogi^, ihat be ^rm 
«l» hla winiabv Id the axo. It beeoBO uvidtnt ifaai 
had ahanikditfd a irmnt whoi, daoplj ipoUv aa to 
olhott, w«» i^ltioH lo hiiB akn«t aoM* m Ofidar 
Ipbhi tl&ko l«rr natarinft other K-braoi of tyimamj^T 
arid iJiuvbanqg thoaid of oUmt Woiivtttha. lla^ 
a 1^1 wuQld not avai hhwif of the poVKrwhrsb Una 
taw^ flarv hiu io tare «ii ■dlivnm tq wha«n hia baaaoc 
wat jMgady KOon Aovvd that ho did Mt acnqilolv 
•nak a«iNy Utr ud ibrfuit evurj (Aod^ m oiim >■ 
wurk the niin uf hi» ufi|>aa«nla. 

"I'lii h>it ymtr irv»i in pnrioMf" waithaf«pri» 
warn aC tht Uhai tttiii^l^T, wli'O bt liwid thai ChadM 



1 




UAUASTH comnnmoNAL nisTOBr. 



i<a 



bad cuiMttted to hif drath. The nh^ lilaLory af lS« 
tim^ U A cerwtFn no that bhtetr text. TIir dcfcncL^ of 
thi' T'<">^ PMrliAincnt i« CAmpiivd in thn dy^njc wi>r<U 

Tlw iiitrly nicwura of ihttt Pirfinmvnt Mr. TIjiJTam 
in ^>&vrnJ 4i^^ircn^ee- But fie cunsjil^r^ titu jinjcvi^iu^i 
which took fJ»(w ofttT the iwss in the mmmcr of 
1641 M tnivhim-nw and v^olcni. He thtnU th&l, 
firam thil line, tho drauinilA of th^ Ifotisa wpn! not 
waminTnl hy Any xtnnanmt d»ngrr tn Ihrt nonttito 
bon, mild flat in tbc irtr which eii»ue<i iho^ w«f« 
duftHjr llie ii£g<rtvot!»^ As tbb i< one oT thv mofC m 
tttntitiDg iliWMkint irt our hi^l'vy, W4» will v^niun.^ U> 
vute, ftt lonio kfigtii, th^ rauoDs wliich htiw ltd lu lo 
fonn tn ofiinioi on it contnuy to that of • writer 
wh<*i" jttd^ent we »o hl(j1)fj" rwpwt 

Wo will premiM* that w* think woim of King 
Cli«rW the Firrt ihui rt'^ Mr, IfikNun aii|jtftir» todou 
Tho fUcni luilrcd of lilM-rtr whjct ivaa llie priodplo 
«f iliv Kin^'fl |>itblir raodiiT-t, llio uiii<:rupdo«ttD«ll 
with wlikh he aJopEvd my m«iiiift which migbl tiuble 
Vitn to ftUftin hu C!n(Li, the rcadinciM with wh»ch ho 
i;ave |kniaiiM«, llt^ iTA])nd>^nnr wiT^h which he hrohe 
thf^Tr* tJii? cnvl lm!iffcpE>(v» with which he thrtw »w»y 
hi* U4^«v iir dttim^cd Uvilik, imdo hiif). >! h*:*!! till Wa 
cbmrter wjis JaUy expt^vd and hnt |x>wcc sluki^ti lo 
it» fbmidttioiM, ■ more danprrotif on^my to iho C<m- 
tfticniioo tlttii ft mn of &t ^^i:«tt^r tilcnTa uid rcAOta' 
t><m ndglit hire been. Sucli princo may ettill he i«cn, 
Iha min^l« of ihc K^Tiihcrn throtMi of £un>|.-«, prinm 
»]«e alike to the urccoiplWa who hirrfT Bcrrcd lliani 
%nA ic tin cfi|>oaieDti who have spftrnl Eh^m, princes 
wira, In thv liOiDT of djaif>eri C'>nc«ifii vx-ffry tlitUg^ swmt 
llaii^ hold out thor chcekv to «voij tmitcr, pr« 




m 



UAUAV« COHfiTTTUnOXAL IIISTOSV- 



«p Ui puniihiarni crory in^trDRMiii of lJi«ir tj' 
•□d Jkwiil will] fac«k «&d Aoa&Dg uDfiWcmbi'lt 
btoiwd daj* of pisrjurj ukd r«vango. 

W« vill (41N1 trv ilie iiiHUiicua of o|fir«wof» 
Utehood wLjeh di^uoed Utc corJjr put of iho 
of Chnrlcs. Wo will ksvo oQl of ihc ^iMwtum 
triiole iiblory of lie t^ird PftHiiunent, lliir [>Tic« 
lio exacted for «ucnUn|[ to Uio L^etiljaa oT lti||bt, 
pvSdjr Willi wtik-li ha viulalvd hi* viig^gnaimtoi 
dwtli of Eliut, tJiu UirljKruuB punuliimnb inflicted 
Uw Sur-<^liftEnbcr. tlui ftiiip-mioiu^, uid itit Uw >i 
iir«B now miirtrwlly ci^ndomfiTxJ, wHicb d^^^tvrvd 
adminiiamtioh from L<5^0 u> ItilO. Wc wiU Rd 
tTiftt It jni^M W tho datj of tiia pAHi^nMnt, AtW 
uluii;^ rh? moat jo^^^?' ^^ ^^i" crflAUirtt, aJW AboliB 
tha inquiiilorial tntiUDAlu which tttil bo«n \\\9 
iiwiito of liift lynoiiy, ftilvr tvrvmng dio vi^iM 
toncyi of hu vietiin*, to |iaaM in iU oounv. 
eoncowonfl which lud bcvn vtm^ w<nv gn^U ^ 
of civil viAr oliviotiK the ftdvuii^es even of vie 
doubtful- Tho iotmu onxire *4 Oio King tvkf^i br im- 
puted 10 youth, to the prrmiirv of drcuntfUnrvs 
the influence of erll couiumJ, to tliv umMLinl aipx* 
th« U«v. We fmiBly Mi^vti ihat ^ vvun at lU» 
«nUi hovr, ChftrJo kftd Mitud fiuHj towmk hla yauf 
if ho hwl ?Trn ouded furlr lovArdi hU own f)MiiMa«> 
the Uoqjl^ of Cui&moiia would \\kv* givuo biin ■ itat 
*h«nf e of rrtriovinic the poUic contiilenco- Sorh wzt 
th« opinion of ClAfviidoo. Ho dff4incdj «tecaft ilut iht 
liTj of o|r[MH<tion had Ahfllwl , thaA ft rvnction hi^l IweoA 
lA Ukc ploc*, diAl thu niAfcirity of ihoK who lud Ul^<*ii 
|«tt o^itiiit Um King fi<nr dwrow of an lumwmh^ 
uid cocnplvlo PDogiiiciliotiDa, uid that the inoro violnni 
n^m it toon iffrvwL Um nuiA JwScwui DNoihraof 







BJkU*AV9 OCOfBTITUTtOXAL HICTOBT. 



471 



Kcmoiutrmc^o hod biioa enrried wiilj grvst di^cultj'. 
The uflooaipromulnc uiuigQitai* of Uiv ooururacrU «t 
Citfrnwdl, luul lic^n lo ttUt of Mllmg tliuir e*tatn and 
ka^iiig F:nf^hiic]. 'Die ortnt won Hhovrod, iIhI Uwy 
w«i« Uv onlj- nn-Q v1t9 fvally andenttml lior muoii 
inliumsni^ aikI f-fliul 1*/ hid imAtr tbe fcmftlihilional 
hfHp**^ uid gncjOiLi d«nuttnouir of Um King* 

Tlie ftttemjil Ui svum iLe liv« nvniburt wm undoab^ 
wiiy li» rwl ctotw of ihe war. From ili4it uioiaaBW 
Hm loyal ODuftd«ai.-tf nlth ^liicli uioM tiT ilio popular 
l^rrir ^rcTo bc^Miin^ lo rcganl Uio KJn^ waa iiimrd 
IdIo hauod and incnrable fivpicJon. From Oial nio- 
QMmt, Ute Parliunmit v-«« mmprllud to ftnrmund tbelf 
with drictitiTT unu. I^mm tJmt mf-mcntj iIm city t»> 
•uuwJ tlip a|^pt<aniiii:i* <d' a ganituii. Ftuiu Uiat no- 
owBt, tn thu phnue of Ckirvndun, ttm cama^ of 
Hwpdon becaaav florciir, tlwt htr drew the fword and 
throir anraj the afttbbard. F<Wi &tiCD ihac owaiiaitt it 
miiu liaTD been f^vidQnt ta cniry impariiAl olMjnTf 
ihatf in Oi« Midii i>f prol<MHOiU| oatlia, and cmilna, dm 
tyruit wa» cowUnUj lookioi^ Ibrvard liO on ahsotuto 
mraj and to a Uoodj rcrroni^- 

ihc advocBttft uf Ckuka luivtf T«ry divxiafoiudj coi^ 
trJTvd to cooccd from tlioic nadan lijo real natora of 
ikia tranaactioB. By nakiiig conccasioue apparanily 
tlUNlid and ample, tixej dude ihe griiAt accuHtion. 
TLif aliow Uint tl» nw!3Uiin> vpm ir^ak nnd frtn fraft* 
tir, an a^Aurd caprioe of Li^rd Dijirhj, Mbmnlly adApt«d 
by tiia King. Aiid liiw tWyiafn thdrdkrnl frooi iIm 
ha panally ul' bi^ InuugnMiijn, \jy tmlvnii); a plm <^ 
pu^tj to tbo luiuor cdcnoo. To U) lii* »i(idact a^tpcan 
at th^ day ae al th« onw it appMPad Ut tho PailiajiHiii 
aitd Um d^. Wo ihinfc U bj Du niAna m> fbdliah 



rv 



lUtuhJn cwfirnvnoscAL instovr. 



IS It p1i<MM tiM fKcEMb to repraMhC it, mid fin 
wiekfld- 

In linn lirst plftMi, the traiMictiaa wm,-* ille^d &«■ 
b«f^iiiiiii|( lo coii Ttif fmpfftchinnii vPnjEtlfj^- 
procea* WW iUcfptl. Tbo M?rncp was ilk^L If 
wnhod Ui |ir»>«cui9 lh« Bw atcmhcn. for ttwon, a. hill' 
agvinvt tbc«ii diouM havu Utn wiii lo « tpuxl jwry* 
Tliitt A coMEDOtivr c«mol Iw tncd f>r hijfU tneason b^' 
^« Loffdft, Ki iIm miit of iftkc Ctowh. if pan of t}}^ ^try 
dpIiAbct of onr biw. Tbol no mui »o be arrartal I7 
th* Kii% in pur«« m oqiiAll^ ckor. Tim wm ftn ««•!>-' 
IbIiwI maxnn ^ our JuilRpniilencfl ercn bi the tliae ■tf^ 
ndvird tlm rourch. **A mbjiwC* mid CWrf Ji 
Mwrklmii Ui tliat IMitvo, " atAj »rvt>»l Irr tfvuoi) : 
Kiut£ cantiut ; fur, if tl» ur««l W Ule^, tJio pcuij^ 
no rcwdy agnina Uiu King/* 

Tli« lime fli which Chirlos took Oils MMp «laa 4^' 
tcrva covtiiikfratiav. W« h^Tp already fliid thil tWj 
anioiir wliirti tlit Parfiannnkl had difiljivfvl al t}i« ti 
«f lU Ant Mftftinx bad roniiiknbl/ *1)ftlrd, ihat 
Lculkiig opf<itMaU (/ tiio eoarl wvfw drvponding, afid' 
Ut»t liivir fiilJuwvn wen in EVMeml iiiclinwl lo ttuliW 
fljid man Unipvnittt memnv* Uiui iboav vhack }tmt 
tiiilitrio bno punuod. In mvrf tvaniry, and In nm* 
mor* ihftn in Ei^cbmL llier« b ft d^ioe^tiun b& ulce Uii 
par^ of ihou whA an> immprriAillr mo dnwn uid wtia 
UMQ dndluM c4' «U nMwi* of iWBtic«<. Bivry matt 
who bm ob t fT vJ the ebb nnd fl<>w of public feohim in^ 
onr own timt wSl oatilv rorall «ii>nploB to ilfiBhlmM' 
ilik rmai%. An EMt^^iA Artanuui oi^t l« fat}r anvd- 
uattf W9nlii|i 10 KonoM, to bo mon apfin^Mura 
mm wbos Iw l« ai tiic^ htiglLt of ^-owi-r aiid popolar^a 
isd 10 «kt<ad bis ciHniv m^ot vhcfi nttot oampktadj 
mriniied. Tbe £ito of thr CcMlltion Minutrj in VH' 



niLLurs ooawTtTUTiosctL imrrouT. 



4T1 



|)«riuij)« tiM AroQj^i InatAikccf Ui our tilMotry oT ibo 
opMStiMi of thiM prmciplt!. A few wc«Idi loroed lh« 
ftblent Jini) mii^ rxti^Ttil-'il Mmntry vltat f»vi-r (^xtttwl 
into ft feviik- Oppui>iti^i]« uml mnM] a K'o^ wbo ww 
Ifttking of reeingig to Hanover ti> a ltvi|j;ht cf |»witf 
vycfa luMa^f of Kin praiE<^e»or> Lud enjoyvd unco tlia 
BoFoliHMn. A crUia of llik «lc«ri;]tion u-d« uTwlcnlhr 
tpproacliing in 1^^. Al audi a ctSmm, a 1'H»^« of ■ 
nftlljr luiMat and gcD^rnui Rftlui*. vlio bad errvd, ivha 
lud «coo hit CTTOT, yf]m bud rcjCT^il^^d iIm IwC aRndioM 
of Im p«u|>f^ wbu n^nlcAl ui rh« (l«i«mn£ liofie -if r»- 
giimt''p; tik^ni, wijtild 1m pccult&rly otcvfu) Co take no 
Mp whidi could ^v* necwon of <dElrac«i «v<n to ib« 
unraMOMUo. On ihfi utlur baud, a tynau wbou 
wfaolo liftwo* A lio, irho hiJcd th« ConiditutMin ifan 
more bf>AuB« ht lind been <y>iii{ie1led to Ceif^ itB|3eel 
far itf md to wWd Uli own hoaour mdA the bvc of TiU 

■omo ■pfwUinti viokliuo of Inxv, W kqiq sUuk<- vrliiclh 
IBJ^t nonovQ tJw ciw*& of an Uppoulion, and iDtim* 
idAto iIm Herd. Th» CUH«4 illvupte^L il« mia«d 
kb blow; Uii bp ii&rtt>irlT, that h would l:«vu bcLV 
Mers nttdfiuM UI ihow At irdoRi it wha amwd to tmM 
kim oipiB. 

It dwarvoi to bo remarkfld Umt tliu King tiad, a 
ihorf tXBfe beforv, |>ruiBia«d die unst rv»|m:lablc Bujal* 
Vlt in thu HoQvo of CaunuonK* FaUlatid, Colvpa^ipiv, 
tfid Hyd^ that he irwld i^« no innHim in which 
lhA< Uqu0c v» coitFtfneii, witiiout coaisvdtinK iHmh- 
On iIlh occaAon he did not onnsuh them. lii4 coa* 
iaet aatooidied thais i&ore thAn auv other moral>i>r» <7t 
ibo aaMinUy. Ckrcodon mya that ihtj wbtc dw^K 
bsrl hj thai iruii of coaGdsttfft, aiui tho mon hnrti 
if thay Imd bi-«u DUimtilUd, thuj would hav« 



T4a. L 



Itt 





lUlXiirS C09»TirUTfO!<AI. UI^TOKT. 

tlouB lli«r uUikart to dwivie Ohajln from bo imp 
■ pmcocding. Did it ii«vor occnr to CUrendoB. «4L 
it tioi Hi ]«AA{ occur to mca Iom paitiaLi ihuX tlioniVtti 
gaud rvojon for ifa»? When ike dagger to tluf i H rot 
iocnod imouncnt, Oko King w«« mdj to jiat hkuadf 
fbr A tino inro iW liuids of tbo«e whOf thmiKH tb^ 
^Mpimired of liit pa*i c<inJoct, tbm^hi that th* n«» 
•dM* Ittd now b«ci>ia« worui t^^^u lb« dnteuipttrv. Gut 
we bclioTv llwl bi bU K-art he nicankd bjtli tiie [wticf 
in tittf I'lirluuiuiii wiih ibvtuigi of avionioQ irhidi ifif- 
finvd uiily ill liiv d^neu of lJi«ir Jmaimitjr, moiI t^ tki 
awml WATtaitig which lie profioMMl to ^vci, by^ n»w>oW» 
in^ the pnncj|id f uj^iorton cf iho lUaoMtouaDc*, 
pfliilj iatoni]«(| for the iiutruclMin of thooA who 
donciUTcd iit ccDmrmg tho •kifk-tHQitiOf aaid m 
]fl« 111* Slsr^Cliuiher. 

T[)t- Ccamaoim iafe m aed ibe King that thmw 
bun flhwld fao frrthcMDjiig CO ttvwor any cbsrgi IqgiUlj 
bnniKhi oi^urui tlimi. The Web rofinod lo 
the uncnmumiioM^ offlcd with vhk^h he 
iaviiit them. And what wm tlicn hU comhictT 
went, •Ucnded by hunilmii of 4mt>4| mcti* to Min th« 
ot{J«cU of hi* liaind lo iha Uaum IImIC Tbv put^ 
oppoied lo him qkios Uwu GiwBiiaiQd that hia p ai y<— 
wai of thu Muci atrocHjiH kind. Wo wQl not cdmcImbii 
Un HMruly oa that ftatpMMiia. We will noe holi 
Um uiawcrable fa tho aan^xmry Kqirnaoot of thtf 
feoio bnwion who ccApoK^ hn inun. W« will jodga 
<f hb art br h*rlf akoiA. And wo m/, without J>Qa> 
EUtum, ttal it ii impoauhlo to acqiiiit honi of latiaK 
Biodit&lcd TKilwttcvi and vioUnco whk-h Blight iwuIaUt 
jod ID blmd. Ua kri«w that tho legatit/ of hk |nK 
taadhifi wm <lniud- lio mvt luvct kDown ihu mom 
«f thv accttMd BM*rDhon w«ra man hm liholj^ to autajT 



iknMOvV 





fULLAU-S COMrmCTKllffAL UISTOBT. 



47S 



p«4o>«hy to im illpj^ttl ftTTtni. T1^«ro vhi tverr nNivo 
lo oxpwt thai lio woixIJ EnJ ilwm m thwr |ktnrc«, that 
ihey WDald rvfuoe Co ohcj |i5h mtnmoiiis ftud thAl ttin 
UoiDW would mppnrl Oi^in in thtrfr rpfu:iai1. Wli«t 
Mnnv wMiilri t^Mi fiave U-vii lufk to liim? Uiilcv iro 
Hippcisu th«t lie vent un thU upc^llun for ihn anlv 
purpon ot' making' htm£«ir rldlcnloiUt we odukI bellvvv 
thai b« would hcivo bad ncottnc to force There 
would have been a »cniBoi iwd it mighA not, uiidor 
Rtif:h droiuDBlnfton, htire been in hvi p«w«r, ^t/a if h 
hftd been m faii inHaifttifln, to fircvATit n icuffli; from 
MidiDg in a mtAMctt^ Pnttunat^l/ for his famct unliHw 
tunal«1/ i-crhip fur v}iat ha priml Ear tt<jn, tbe inlor* 
lit* <if liui hatmi and hn antbidaH) tJia nflair vntM 
<tifl«rvnl]ir. TIm Vtrdf, u ha mid, w^ra 0awti, and lij» 
jiUu w«i dUciMkOOtcd. Por^cri^ iet not cxtrnoc to 
mark abortivo cdm<»; ud thiui Uio Kinj^'a adrocatcA 
|uT« fbund It rosy to repmmt a itfp which, bn* Ixift 
ft Iriml acfidrnt, might havn tilled Knglaod vritb 
mMtming and dum^v, m* * moiv error of judf^nmii. 
yiM uid Iboliih, but peHtctlj icnoo^iii. Sudi wiv 
not, bow«Tfrr, at tb« tinie, i!io opiiuon of anj put^. 
Tbe iiwet sralouA Rojiilisl?] w^^rv »c> nudi didpisMd 
tti>d aahAincd tlmt tlit'^ nuijH-ndcd their opputtien to 
bo popnhf pftrty, and. mlantlj at k«t« concurred In 
oaeftunQ* of precantioii »o Btroojc u almoot to juoonnt 

Prom tliat rLtr, wh:ilpi^«fr of ciMiiidtrjim anj luj'ij 
flttwchmoftt had Kirvii«d the mbtivic of Kventent 
^«txr> was, ht thi? gi^«t body of tite people, «Ktin- 
gniBlied, uid vatin^idied for erer. As eoon ss the 
oatemgf hnd bUod, the hypocrnjrKCQnuncnaML IXiim 
Bo the '*tfry eve </ Aii flaj>jtIoua attonpti Charlea bad 
Wen lallEing of lib mpfvt for the prirUe-jjot of PaHiji 



m 



lULuirs coxsTmrnox-c tsmmt' 



in«tit And die Ijbeflies ot lu» P^^l^** ^^ 1>b£1> 
in the sjimt- stjrtc! on the morroir ; b*it )t was too 
To iruAi liiui Qow would luiTc UwBt >MfC im^ksratj' 
byt innuiitjr. What cucuamq wectiHu w^uld 
•ipiiMC ft l^rincu who wu eTHktul^ initdtui|> bu 
voD with iLai oi>1d 4nii patioit batmd whi^, in 
Jong mo, tirvi out otccj other puttoa ? 

It t> ci^rtuiilr frnm do adnttnukin nf CharW 
Mn HoUaiii tiu4fiprovn of Uie coodoct vf Um 
in raurtuuf U> amus. Out oc 'i*!fi»* tlul my ilt'^mnt ■ 
the pftri ul* iJal Pru)<.<u to muUuli > d«po<i»m «i 
turn been v ^tnuif^lj o|;fw«tfd hy ku odbrnuit* b 
hi* oDcmia. uid tbat tbrnol^ iIm CowtilaUgii 
bd o^iuidecisl •» uot of dan^t ^r^ At le«m tiat U 
more to kFfkTclMskd lro[j] t)ic vrar thui from dir Kii 
On thin AutijiH^t Mr. H^iJUni iliUtw »t 1(*nj-tb, and 
Cunipjcuixi« Ability. W« VfiU odcr « tev 
lioiu wltkb Jcad lu ig laduw to ft diflvrwt opiai<g. 

Xb« Cu»9titatioo U BniiUmi ^» wl^ imv of 
Urge Uati)y. In pll Uio tpnmnjhiw of W^^o^m 
ropo, ditdi^ t]i« uliidlo i^m tbor« oxbicd 
on tbc mjd ftiuliori^r, fundciikmcal Uw>, Atid rv 
Ro-QULiTo A^VTEDb&t. In ibo fi&Mxiib c^iiurj, 
forvnunvnt uf CnrtUe bwuia to ha^c boeu u Qoo ■■ 
U»t of oar ovu couiitij. Tlat of Arnigoik Wbi ln^ 
yuud ftll qtHbtxin moro ao* Lj ^^uuizu, tb* «oTvrd|pi 
wu more nloohitc. Td. orcn in Fimnce* the Sftc> 
Qentrii «Joi» «ouU eocutiintioiiiUy inpoM 'axes * tnd, 
it tbo vcr^ time rthvti ibu uslborkj <d ihwu ii«n 
Idus wu bcgiTiftini; to lijij^di, l)io ParliuBml tit 
P«rii riceii'xl ^rh an aico^rin of atnfu^tli ■■ tnaliM 
it» w wcne ncAsuiv, to pcdbnti tlio fbacciota of ■ 
b-yi1afivu Mwunbljr. SnJtfn tad Dooaufk IhJ oan 
i;imUoni of ft WftUft. dcocdptiuo. 





M 



UALUAtf'it (JOXi^IITUnOLSAL lllfflOllT. 



^n 



p 

^H Ltd ni overleap iwo or ihrm hundred vcam, oaJ 

IrvRtli cditury. Brcry 1m ooufUtuiion, Ave |1CI1^, 
Lvl gOQD down, 'riiat of Engbuid had wt-jitJxnd Ukt 
d^tmiyvt Mi\X ^ta ndiog in full Hvctirii^. In Ihrnru^rk 
uti Sw«<lt3i4 ihe km^ luid avulwl iliomscJici qT Ui4 
ilifpulo whicU HLi^od bolwoon Uio [ioU«a aud tbo coii»- 
num, to uTiibo bH tho powcn of goTemuient in HMt 
Mm liftodj. In Fnncc tbo inMitiitkin of Uio SUM 
«a« oi}ily mentioned bj* kwyora 4a » |M.rt of llio HuraeiM 
ifafrOfj of dit4r i^ovtrnmciiV U Jnpt a ri«i'p alotp, 
iaitiniH] to be bmki^ by ■ Lxvnirrndoii* w&kUijj. No 
|itrBig«i rviu^fUiWrod Xhv fittings uf tbv tbrv^ vi^^rn, vr 
«xpvc'A-d twr lo iKi? lliaa rrnvwcd. L^uii lliu Fouf^ 
twolh bad irapowd on bu pvliuDssii a patiint (lionet 
of pixtx >«ftm. HI* grnoifloiL, afUr the W«r of ihe 
SjiAJiUh SitrccMtnnr a^vimiLuJ t]ic comtiuttktn of 
Arm^L 1'> lliAl of CftiKtJIf', And etliiigtiUhtMi th<P last 
focblc reouini uf libeitjr in the ['enintulA. In Enj^ 
bmU oil tito odicr bi^ndj tljc I'^rlkcicnt wm lAliniU'Iy 
in^rv pkfwerful iluin U IimiI ur«i' Wen* Xui oulj wu 
iu Ic^slntive EiutJiorit/ fully vstablUbud ; but itv jrlglii 
10 ffltcri«n> by ad^co nimost oqiural«oi lo comi&ftnd, 
in cvoy dc|iurUn;iU uf tbe oxcculivc j^ortvnnMint, ww 
rocognvi^. 'It'C ajipktinUncnt of mmitton, tho ral** 
(tons wilii foTfi^ j>o«vri, th* cfindnct of » ttf«r or « 
nvgotuOioai, tWpmtM Uh od tbo plf^iurr vf tliQ PriwM 

Lg^a UQ tbii uf tb« tvo tloiuoL 

PK WW lU'JU uMuIu Uf to difTvr? WL/ ww it iJiai, 
in L^tftt vpwWoiK moUdy uf coiuiituui^nut unn vsujivd 
Uio dofrtri.'in:: I -iihvico* or nUlu»r tZut. At ibo Tcrj 
efufei of :J< 1 i^«i A &v<;rumblu turn twk |>koo u) 
Knf(Ui>l, and in Juigload aJoni:? It hto^ uol wrdj 



M 



ILlUOkTS COXSTmmo?(AL tOSTOKT. 



1 



piuHod and expired ft! Atmoot the tame thae. 

It u tiK' fft^hioti to Afij, tbfti Ihc prLigrcm of ckili^ 

tlun 11 ^vonrabli^ to librrtj, Th^ maxim* tKou^ ]t 
leftonv Hue, miut be Kmitcd by nuin v quabficatiiioi 
\nd «xcepCioTiK- Wli«iwvr a jwor trni mdv lutUoa^ 

In which lltQ furto of gorummont U A liniiiMl fnoua^ 

^div, roccuvci n groat ftcc«moti of wcdth ut^ kmam^ 
\gtt h b In bnmiiMnt iknger of blling ondt^ ftrtdtntj 

|M>irer. 
Fa rarh 8 nutfl of »^ny M ih%i which cidatd alf 

ovirr Knroptr during ibe middle a;^S v*^ •tight dlttckl . 
to kfwp ttc lovcnigQ in order. Hit mcmn^ of fl 

[40fT«ptir>n »iii) tnliinUUtJuii wirr* T*cry kaiiIt. H«^ 
litdkr uiou^\ titllt? palrE>DR^. DO miliUrj- vaUblUb- 

[tudil- Hii unma rcttfoiUocl jarioa. They wvrvfl 
dnwn oui of tho mMt <if the p«|>lc : they w>an rv-V 
tamed t^ it u^^i and tb« cfiarac-irr which wu 

jhtthitiud, pf«raJ1od over Uut whicJi wm octtoaotaA, 
A dinpiijtfi of forty days wa^ loo fthort, the diifipliM 
of a iiatkvnal mililia too kx, to e&v Erocn their intwll 

^IIm ftfdiaica or civil life. A> di«y caxTMd to tbv omf 

'Ihe KKtinent]! and intarvta of tbe Sura and thu $ho^ 
10 they carriisl bchck to tho hrxa wad th« *ho|i the mili* 

, ii«y accoi»]^i«hfiimu which they had acquired in 

I mnp. At hoTiH ilw A^ldicr luvmod how to valna 

I righta. ahrnftd how to drfi-nd thnm. 

Such a miliury forc« » thi« wm a br 
fMinint nn ihr n^ pow«r th«]i any Icpibtive 
Uy. Tho aniiT, ni'w th« noKt firreikbblc iiMtr^tmp 
6f ihv execiitirp |)QW<r, wu theu tbv moM funnida 
thuck on ihat power. RwfananGo to ■« «la 
{vrammcnt, in modtrrn times m dHScuJi ud 
IB tntopiHif^ wuA, in the &inrtw*itk tnd fifteendi 



I 



UALUkn cusornimoNAi. uistT^iJtT. 



^70 



P^ric*! tbo Bhuploft and <««io:?t tnfltler lo thx* voHd. 
bkfltvtl, ii wju br too ftiiiip]« vul t'ujiy. An uuvrrrr* 
tkin wiu^l up ibrm rIeiumI fti cftjdljr ju n prtilirtn h |^ 
up iww. In n fhiiitiUr r«iut^ or rr«n in An uii^ 4^|iul*i 
ouue Ikvuuml l>v n few gtckl ai>ble«, a fun^c ul' Un 
dujouuHi irnwii nidri waa nuwd in a ire«k If tlw 
King wwvt like uor Eiinrutl tin* S«vond anil FUcliftrd 
tlw SeciKid, gvttvnUl}' odluoi. bc.^ <^oM not procurv a 
tiil^v bow or Wbcrt. He fell nt once nnti wi'.hmit nn 
cdbrn* Iti such ttmod a Ai>VbrvigD like I.ouu iha Pi^ 
tttdUli or the KmpMor Pul, wouEd hare been pultcd 
dciVB hrf>irn lut iBiif^arwiMiifnt 1^ fanUd tbr ih montk. 
We fiiwi ilial ail the ttaw tnd iiifluuttCL* of our Edvanl 
t)i0 Tliird cvuld not ta.vv hk MadafUi* do I'ompvlour 

^Aimi tliv bl1«cu of ilie public batred. 

^B Uanie anil monr otbcr writcri Wivc butilj^ conclDd* 
^d il^U in iho CUUvQlli century', the Rnglltti Wrlk- 
Vient «mA altoj^MW mttiIc, 1»h^1[I4c it nsNtf^tit^c), 
wirboDt oppo«tkii>r vrfry mii^cufiil wurpcr. Thttt 
h WM ttot *(»rtri[^ iu condiiCl on uuiiv ofOfliifinn of ir^ 
fbrkir WLportMoce is lulibdont (o prove, fiat saarlj it 
VM not jitntagtt tbal tbt* jnxjvriiy o^ thv i^oblo, aod 
of tbft clepQtim cboH'ii bv tbo couiiuon-s abcuiH apfirove 
«f rcvolmioiui wkicb liio DobIi4 and connnoni but 
iflbcBtd, Die P»r1riiurrit 'iid not blindly follnir tbo 
■TMit ttf war, but [iartid|MtL-d in tliose rkfti^^ of pub- 
lic vsitamfct OQ vrhicih tlie orc-nt of war dffKtutML 
TI10 l«ga] cbeuk vrai nwixiiUn- And auxilJurr to that 
wbich Uic oaiioo held tu its o'kvn buitdi- Th«pe bare 
alwavK bwd n>oiumr'la« in A^ m which tlio n>^ 
utburity h«b btiwi tuoapartd by fuMlanwnt4d Iiwa, 
ifaoagh 00 kp«lAtiri» body cxisU 10 wuub otpt (kfni. 
Use guarani«o b iho qvnkin ot a ooniini.sity of which 
■veij iadMdail u « aoldhr. Ttiiu, tba knag of Cft> 



190 luu^irs coNaTmoKMAi- tunvHt. 

ImI, m Mr. Elii>iinMiNio iniomiA ivi, raiuiM au^BtMl 
thiOi Uatd njvi.'nivs or 'mivrians villi tho JitrVMlacUiill «l 
the ordinary tribandfc. 
In tlitf J^^nroiHMti^ kiaf^iMa» vf Uh« dacripciua Uwfi 

■flcy, thftt thgv9 •>sanbl>M tliouM tswt ««r>' tiv>|iNntlf < 
diM iboj^ aliottLd inlortett wiih all tho <ip«MttcH>* td ibi 
exi>rutivt? gorremiDont, Uwl tLi-ir kluraU much wiii 
|Hikiuxv, mmi rewnt with pmmpt imlJipuUwa, ^rmj 
.ffioUlMUi of iho kwft whtch the aofwcign n^lit C4M»' 
■kiL 'thcr wrre m itronft tll«t llMiy nuj^lil Wcly bf 
CUalrttA. He WM »o fo*U* that ho ni^ht mA^y )■ 
•vflmd to «ncrcttcli- If Iw vntun^ tvo lar, t^ks^ 
iMmiBat mskI niiii wunr aI hvidi In Ikvt, Uiv pvopk 
^mcrmllr tuticrvtl muro fVvm his woakMM liuuD 6m 
liM luUiodljr- Th* lynmiy of w<ulthv ^nd i>oVpr- 
liil fub^octo vr&i ibe fhaiuctcriiiJc tit'd of thu limcA 
Tfao lojral prrpj^iirfit wm not »v«n viiflidi^t l« 
tbe det^iw of ]iro^isny wid tU« nMnb«i»ii« itf p^ 
lice. 

Tkw pTOffTM* flf civilMUioD lUtrvdurad a ipiMt 
diiiigib War bvfwiM a pomcot unit »» a i mm iuy 
XiiiftyiQnor, m trado. Tbe srott bod^ of %h9 poofda 
(EW ftvoiy iloy mu^rt rdoicUuit Ut nndtTi^ ikf inccdi* 
mmanoat of cniiiufjp atrvicai Mid httUt Me to |i^ 
cllmrt for cukdorgoini; tinoL A it<^w cU« of hmd^ 
tlranlur*, tlopnidont cm tbo Crown felony nMisnl vitei 
HUM of Umiw popufar ligt^U wbich ore to tlkcm u tJu 
iWw to llw flwcv <if GtdooQ. alttvo* unuD^ iJ^oacieB, 
fewnun unoug ilivui^ Krv"" JXto UBportanriv. Ilal 
ptijmkfti ibret wbicK, in ih« duk mjptr^ bul b«JoQ|p4 
M tlio nofaln Hid tbe cMuaoDi. aitd tiftil. Ctf moR 
ikui ADjr fhaftirr or ui^ uMfobljr. bcm the wJe^tiaitl 
if tUr privilogv*, wu tniuAmd rniliTtt to ibe King 



1 




UAUAU'K covvTTnmoscAL fiintPinr. 



4fll 




r itrvngtboncit l)be ttvlyeeu ireA^Dfd Tbc jnt^ umiv 
, rf the popnktion, <l«Mhntc t£ nil ttiiritarjr iKtoipIni^ 

^^irra un poiitiol tnniftctbonc- Thvtc hftrc, indeed, 
[ dating (In lut imndrwl bikI dfty j^t^ Uqq tnanj 
popular meurTiciciJoiu^ in Eun^; but ull Iiava fid]od« 
flxoqit tlioM in which ihc rcgakr army ha» booi id* 
JDMd to jmn the dJuflociri^. 

te^l diecks whic.ti. while ih-? *or'^pn ny 

wanting^ Tbv dilcc* wTiich bad 1jc<m luflicWtil 
1» tii0 wftMrs wvr« ]uw w«tv not bigU «ik>u^ Co 
keep out Uio tfTjng^Hle. Thi) iklt^v pijswd orcr 
Uima; utflf aceonlin^ lo ihy rxj^ntitle iTlottruiion of 
Btfkr, eke ianaki boundiri^ wliii-li hnd ^xc}udAd it, 
now Md it in- Th* old «>iutitiiHein> fbnd like tbo 
old »h*«lda wkI co*I« uf cnAtl. Ttjoy wera iho dvlgnoti 
of A n>du M^ : and tbvv did w<.'U i.-noofili af^iidt ll» 
w«aponf KiS a rad» Rg«. But new juid motv fennidAlito 
ownne of dtttrootluti wero invenud, Tli« ^iicivitt pan- 
t up ty bccuae ii>c1q«« ; tnd it was tUrovm luddo to n»t 
Hb lunibof-rDonM, or «3itjitdu>d only »> p«n of ilh itKo 

^y ' Uio* Mbnlflb* moAnrdiy ww A4iftbh«Iind cm the Con* 
tln«nt* &giBiid MKajwd ; but ^hv v>cnpwl vvry ii<u- 
nnrljr* 'Uappdr our imulv vihuilkm, tind Uie jwuiGt 
fo&ay of Jamw, rwdt r oJ sUi^ng umto* mtnooMMry 
ImMi till tliuy had btvtt ihr tome linie ktrpt up tn tliO 
VMgbbooring kingdooM. Ourj>nfalticiiU'nhadthrTdbn! 
ail o[ip«duiBly of wat^inj; tlie «fftctA prarlix^d hy thli 
■ktMMmtouft chtflfce on f^Dvemm^titA whir^h borv a ciotp 
ogj to iliatoataUiktKd in linglaod. £^0?^- mher% 



^ - * ^ 



I 



ftS:f 



HALuurs ccmmrtmontAL insrotr- 



w^i 



thvy AW tb« |*o««T of tW noiurdi ti>ci«tt*ifigt tb» 
^Uivc of AiMMnbliei wluicli wm« im looftcr s i i p yo rtg^ 
tj a nauonal iurc9 gnJually Iwooibinj^ non uid sutft 
fed)le> and il lAgtb alie^'Uver coMiiig. Tlw fri«wli 
mnd (btt cnesucB of Eber^ perceiTed with m|im] d«sr> 
neiB die cautci of ihU gcncnJ docs^. It b Ow ftvoon 
dwrne of StTvffimL Ht iftviM* th« Kittg U 
firuiQ Um Judge* A T«<agiHtian of bi* ri^t to rake 
MTuiy at bia |i«aiuv. " Th'm ]iIm» w«I| fortlfivd*' 
wmjt Im, " fur tmr rindlottcft tfa« nooardiy at 
firon wtdtir Uu* condiiiona and nM/^intu of wil j i rt a, 
Wa finnlj boliavo thai Im w^i in tlie right Nay ; 
bfJicrv^ that» »r«a if no dolibrnuc «r<hcflio of mrU 
HQWnnkent had htitm fooiood bj iha tororaigit and 
miiuiccr^ than wai gnat rpaaoa to a|if>r«b«Ml a 
tir«l ^xtuictioQ of di» ComtituUon. if, fbir axampU, 
Cliarl«a bad pUjnl the |«rt uf Ouktarua Adulpliaa, 
if bo bad canied oa a popvlor «ar fer Uie dvlbiMSB 
Lb(» ProloMftai caute b Gomafij, if Im had 
lh« national pridu bj a avrics of tklicrnct. if 
fonnad an ann/ of forty nr fifty ibounnd drvotnd 
•oldiera, w« du not «oe vhai thaoM tho natko wovid 
liftva bad of evaiping froia dnftotiun. Tba tmigw 
would liav« B^vwa a> alrung a dactfm la Etvavr<^, 
raaqHiiiioTwy m tliuj piw ia fiiroar uf KlufniDanej. Il| 
iboy hod baon acn^iuJow, il wqiiiU ha to Md* fitUa £^ 
foJoe^ Aft ittdi<nd«tl who ittikted «roQld hav« 
livaiedaaObarW mailed Eliot, aad «i SuaflUtl wUwd 
to ttaai HampdwL Tbo ParUiBttst ought bare baaa 
Huunooed oooe m twenty yoan, to ooagrmhalaia a Kntf 
en bi* aooowiQEi, or tr> ipn} ftikbnun^ to aono gnat 
niai iu t (ff frtuiv. Sudi li*d bn« the IWUi uf Ufpda- 
tiva RHKoibluM w powrfol, m iai*cb n»poel«d, at htgh 
qMitd, w tbe Engb^ XrfonLa and Cobuboob. 



.dulpliaa, 

rwbadl 

[ 
I 

I 




H^U'Alfft COXniTUTlDXAi. HlXTOKr. 



489 



Th<^ two HooMii flnrroundod by th^ juins of to 
ttmay Grw o<matlliidoi» ovcnLrowa or M|>iifil by tha 
new QulJGuj tptom, trcre rcqum^ to intniU Ihc c<inQ- 
mukd of an Army *nd iKn roncSm^t of Uii# frith war to 
t Kinic wbo hmX proputvd lu IjijaKlf Uicf ilivlxuctbii of 
liborir ajt lli* giDAt iflid of lij< poUcy. W^ iirv tbod* 
tfjiy of upuibn tbat i£ iTouli lia^'v Let^ii nitol to conjitr* 
Muty of cJiroc Tho took ttic lidu of Uic King on thii 
i|WJlion *rmil^ ha^'c CLirwd ihcir own loyalty, if ihtrj 
had tBVtx hun rclum fri^m irjir 34 the head of tirenly 
lliooiand troofiBi, jkccu^tomt^ to CAma^ a£uL ffvn iiu^r* 
Xtvt in Irekud. 

Wc tlriuk, nhb .Mr. UalUm, Uwt autj of tbo Roy- 
ft]«l nobility mill guniry w«r« tnw 5l«oii& lo iju3 Coii- 
■titDtJon. mid that, but &r the «olemn prototAiiona by 
vrkifh the King b^kiind hienacif (o govern According %a 
tJi« Lvr for tilts future, llioy itvver would hare join«i| 
hit MADiknl. Qui lurvty tbry undcrmtod the |iuhUc 
dwigtr- Fukiklwid » coiiuaoiil/ wlwiviil lu <h« Biiwt 
nM|>«vxabi« vpodravu gf Uib oUn. U« wai ind(<*d m 
mui of $rwt tdtfiiU nod of gro&l virtiwA, but, wc kj^ 
prdivnd^ infliutcly too ^tlilJouA for public lifu. H« did 
not pcmMovt tiMt, in vuch tirno* ad ihoeio on v^bich hit 
lo< VmmI Ctllrik, ilm duly of a ^tatomian » to ciw^iw tlie 
better CAUM and lo tUiid by il, iii *^\Ui of Uiom c:^ 
ciew<i bv whH:li «ipry caum, howwvr gi>>fl in itt^rll^ 
will be dii^nicvtL Tb« provenl evil id^iyt, weeui^O lo 
fiiiQ the irtirrt. Mu WDi olvnm ^ng bacLward anid 
IbrwiLrd ; but h fhuuld b« rvnt«aubtfrv<l tu ha Umio^v tIteJ 
k WM dwaya fjvm tlio alroo^ef lu thtt w^^r i^iila ihai 
|« ilevertfiiL Viluk Ch^rlc* wba (^pnvAing the poopio, 
FalkUnd WW e nnulBlo fliMinpiou of lil>orty. Ho M- 
tarknl Stnif^iTil. He eTfQ concorrvd in ttrooji i»t«»> 
ftiv Hj^iQit £pi»copacy. Bit ti» vivl«iM.« of hi* |«ftj 



m 



nhXJUM% cconrrrvnoiuL 



•iirM>}i.<d liira, juij drove litm to ih^ other party, to l» 
e^ully annoyiKl tbcrv. I>ra>dukg ib« kqcct** <]f ^ 
auw wliic^ lie hod tfpoDied, diiguHed bv tb« ccwtko 
oF Oxfonl, u he hud henn ffii^iMnl bj tUfl 
Wortminarfrr, yet bound by hi^nur noc to obftrvloa^ 
C*iUft 1^ wliirti lie WHB tn Ara»> Ii« paiw^ mwovi DCfp*' 

tt laM ni9ilKd dwpfntd}' un d^uth^ a« tb* b««l xrrfla^' 
III Mivli uuivnble times. IT be hod liT«d throngli tl 
pcctta iHbI f^lovcti, vt bnvc Ritle tlmbt 
iranU biT« MiMlemiwd Hmwlf &> bWo the eadia' 
bcf^g^uj of tlie royal &iiuLy ; thic lie woM iLen lui 
rHiiriiAl to ojipfMn all ihfir m«*niT« ; ibat b^ wtmli 
hat« tifvn K-iit to l]i« Tower by the Conniuaf a 
nHUr of tbv Fopbb l^ot, uxl 1^ tbl^ Kin^ u as 
cofuplk* \a th« Ry»-Hoiu« Plut ; semI tliai, if b« 
te«f>«d Ik-ih^ luugod, fint bj Scn>g;g«, and then li^' 
JeAbHoi, bo ynM, «ftcr mttiiAilljr opposing Jtoatt iW 
S«iMiid tliroiigb jrfUtt of tynaay, have buvn Mind 
«ritb a fit of compMMon u t]i«< rttrjr moftt«nt of t^ 
R»AxiUiEktfi, 1iftv« rot«d for ft rrgmcj, uid ditfJ ■ voo^f 
jwtir, ~ 

W« do ttot di*pat« that Uw roj'd f«rtj miUmd 
tmany exc«llu»l itMo md CLXttilkm dtbeziA. BbI thi» 
«if «K5, that tlwy dkt iK>t diircm theat dnaeiL Tbi 
|w«nli»r ^oTf or the Hi>u4» ot' PaHrinenT b iliM, in 
tfri^ ;^r^'a> I^Ujiw? «od martftlitj uf c<«uliAQti'3>u, 
hi-.'k *hTir iiUikd b«tir««n tin livrni: and th« cJi 
A< ihfi rtry frUia of mir dtttrnj, at tL«< v«ry 
tbf-n the &te which lud f«*wd on ^very c?lW 
■ruaU'Hl lo pM on En^n^,tlie^ Nrrvnti^ Oiv 

Vunv who cooedre thflt tli« parlkiiKqitwy 
ivrrr* itiHirfttiii m^rrly to tnvAlAin tbo oh) eoMtrtrtioBJ 
Uid Ihf^c wh4 rrprMfnt thmn as qonap i ring to 



^ .--^ ^3: 





lutuurs iAnrrrruTiDSu. msioar. 



I It, ftn oqmlly in errvr. The old coiutitiaicm, m we 
I \tmve Mitemi^ud to show, coM not be mAintain^ii. 
L^lio progrmtt €i tim'*-, thn incrc*!^ of wA«lth, tlic dll^ 
^^kiiMi ■>?' kiKiw]«il^\ IW t^mt^liBiii^ III ilic Kiuo|>iiim 
r ^y»icm of wjir, tendered it iutpoiinblc Utai »n^ of llk« 
I aiDiiiJclim of Um mldiUo s^'fot «liouKi c^iiitlntiv xv exbt 
en ihb old footing. Xbo prvroj^tirc of die cmwn win 
cociitiuiit^ ftdvRtidng- If iho pnvnlogi^ of \hv poople 
werfi to ntn^n tbfloluli^ly Mation&rj, ilicy woul^ re4»> 
irn*ly reimgrwlc-, Thn mcnArrhiral and dcanomiical 
|Mns of tli^ f;<ivtmtneut n^rr (jIho^I i» a ditJ^liuci ikjI 
im&kc (bLt of the two br^tltvn iii tbc Fairy Qucvti, 
cHui of wlioia uw dm k>U uf hit mhevitftnce ddly 
itdied nwmj bv ihc titl« and jouiod to thai of bi* 
nvaL Tbo portioiui hod at tint bMn I^IHjr motod oiii. 
Bj h nalunl uid cotiAtAni cnuiB^, tlid onM hud b«cii 
«f ciidni ; Uic otb«r hftd dvindlrd to sothin^. A ii«w 
}iMrihii>ii, vr & oomptMition, wks ii«c««Miry ■■> ivttcvt 
the onjainj) equality, 

li wu now, ti>«r«fijre^ abK^utolj' n TO w m y to vicbto 
tlw fbnntl put of tfaocoaimitmion, inOT<krto |tfteuf re 
itM xplnt. T[iv sni^hi have bocn done rk >i wa« dono 
mi tlie FtevohitioTi, by exp^Uiftf; 1I10 redji;nitig &ukly, 
wid <^llinjE to tbp ihronc princu who, relying toldy 
on ui «IkIjv« tjil«^ would fmd it notwwiy to r«t«|iect 
|)io pnviliqptf uid fiilkrw tJ» advi^vof tl>» u»nnbto 
lo which thi^ owed or^ry thing, to pOH cvuty ball 
which the Lcglilinre Mranf^lv preewd upon thcfo, 
ft^d to fill tba offcQA of Mato with men ia whom the 
fxf;i>Ularft Mnfided. Belli m Umi two Hoims dtd hm 

jboMtt to change tbr dynutr^ it wu luriMMnf thai 

ibay ibould dn directly what tt 1h« tUvohidon wm 

loM indiji^y. Noliung » moro moHl tiiui to h«ttr 

uid that, if the UooNi M contQRti.Hl tlwnMdm 




tiii^ of iotcr^l* and il«ii|{«n tv 
wu tlivrdbro iMcM«ary that 1w 4 
tnaijvnd suMe. 
. Mr. HaUuh rffinfaBtf*, m hn 
Ihtb <srprifted us. iha ninotewi pn 
tlie PaHuupont diffvted iu veluMi 
doubt Hue, if Jama* tkf Sacoad li 
lal^nd, aiid Ind bMtt Aiffipnd, m 1i 
UmeI CMC baro been mflfbnd, to k 
dflim to Iho hll u kuid woakl hi 
hfoiT On the othcv bnul, we IbB 
Lon|i; PftriijuBfTit hnd pri^nmmrod 
CluHv« Uvm Lci[idun kii abdu-atjvit 
aox or NortimiDlMdaDd to th« tbfl 
ni^ h«vg Mfi^jr b«ao auSiprc^ iq 
raiuietioiw, Ub dMituna would hi 
goaranleeb 

!u tha ninolMn ytxrpodfunm^ «r1 
kia— n LiTciiat ibo uttdtt ihpai*f^ til 
lii>wfT«r, vara m tfa* apirtl nr i)ii 
atefJjEcbiirdh'**P ip^ogrown, i^nrgj 



AAUaMS CW£.tltnTr(!lMJLl. mSTOBT, 



4dT 






jiod Qutnrug« of tlin prtOL-<K vrtm moel prop- 
dftiiwrd bj ihe Puliuumiif on tUe tmaw ^^x^nind 

ig, UB |4iu i4 f-KfuUisg IlU dirgJKs aUuatd uapoune 

CnloM wc cund<:Bifi the ittUiRucn of ib« 

rvototkui, ^ZiQ ooncoiTcd that Kn^^land could not 

be ^iwcriLed hy a «ovorn^ iiuLrriLHl lo a C'niboln; 

n cjm 4c»tve]y condomii the Lon^ Pojlumi'-iil 

UQCMoujr to p)ac« h^in wiiid(.T atnct nAtrftinte. 'I'lie 

ll in political Adaii^. In thv ri>gu1auc»» of h«r funilj, 
the udacotioa and mtttrlig*.' ^^ her duldnria, it wu 
MlU nwrv Itkn^j 10 be fcit. Th*.*pc mighl bo nnoibor 
^(fli1^ ijui.'ani poAublyi a Cdthulic kiu^. LitUc ^ 
are diofKarcl to jrjtia in tbo rtil^r ctMnoiir on thia 
^ul^vvlt «« ibifik ttiat inch Uk cTcnl ougbi to hn, tf jiu^ 
«iUv« uwrtvU; (Uid <hi* coliM uuI^ W douv>t if Clmrkii 
vju U> bn Inft OR the tlinjnc, by plflcing hu domotlic 

^K A vctocititbeAppoJDtiiiciitof minittvcHiriudvtaimdviL 
Buft Uuf veto PftrliAinccit )i4u vintioll}' p>MMn*ed ftvor 
ir£ tbt R«To1iilH>n- It ia no doubt vvry far better 
tliit power of the Ivf^iUlurt? aboiild be pxrrcaixl 
rt i» nwtf f^xfVCLMtt, ivhiju any gmal crciMou calli 
hltcritfivfioe, tbui tbal ut «%vr^ cJiaii|;« the C<nu- 
ritt iliciuld Ibvo tu li^iiy their af>|trvbuuuai ur dw^ 
>batto<i in finw. But* uniura a n^w fauily bad bra 
vn the throrwt v« do not vat bbvr ihu i^oirvr 
Id bare been cxcrriMd u it is now cxercucd. W« 
tin refKnt, ih«t oo rv*tntnl4 whkch could bo iiapeKd 
llie jinnoe* ^bo reigned after the RovohiCloiA could 
tr« anliM (o the accuniy wluch tbcdr title adbrdod. 
'b«j -won mmpoUod tu court th«>r pttduuii^tU. B^i 




US ltAM.A«r> OOihYni-nfiXAL lliyKiKT^ 



not wt duwn in Uio bonii- 

Jl vruM nod vtipoktod lIuU Uie Ring vhotdd gi^v t>f 
ba!> iM*(^liv« on aeU of Farlnni«tit. Bui tbo CmuianM 
Iwd ^vmunljahovn AfliTvo;- d:-po«itioa Id e»ct ttib 
•ocimt^ ai/ta. **$uch r docinnc," wyw Mr. Ilalknt 
*^wii« in iliin tOantry u ivpitj^tRl to the wholo U»> 
IflTV of MiT Uvra, A« it w>« tnr<nnpfttib(i* Witli tlte mt^ 
*i»te«ce of iW moii&Tchy in any tluiic tnont tham • 
nomiiwl piwrnjiieocc/' Now IhU nrtic1« Tim bMnM 
ctiivplfivl V CAttiod mio v&«4 bv ih? Ke^-ulntivn a* if 
U lud lv«& fcnxiftlJ/ iiwrrtfid in Oig Bill of Hi^hu ftnd 
Ibo Act of SctUniient. We an.' niT]>ru«d, w« i Mifcw. 
ihkt Mr. Hftllini filioiLld altA^h i/> mnrh importUK*!* 
a pr^To^^tive which htA no< l>ocn ri<Ychnl for ft In^ 
drcd and tliirtj' jearR, iHikh (irohiibljr wtU QcTfrr b« 
tizorcind lig^n, ^rid which ean «nu^vly, In maj OM" 
ceivable fSM, tv vjierenied for a Alatsry iMrpona, 

Dbt tho gnxat iwcQrTly, the an^nly without wfakh 
«Tof^ ufh*^ would hat^tr Wri lii^ullIttVDl* vraa ifav 
po««r of ih« Bword. Tjj« both pnrliai iborou^Uj 
UMkfrtood. The pArliiuncRl mwlefl on having tlie 
emmtttid of tlie milttb a»l th-? d>rvrlinn of the fiM 
*ar. *iBy 0«l, tiot for an hotirl" er^lainifd die 
King. " Kcrp ihe mililiw," wi*^ tYtr C^jtrcn. after ihit 
d«faa of xhe tvjtl ji«rty: " Kiw|i Oie uihiu ; Uoi 
will bdrifC Uiclc tfreiy thbift" Tliftt, hj the old ^^w^ 
fldmtitni, M) miltMFy ooilMriiy wn* lodged rn th« Par^ 
1b)ii.«it, Hi*. HMm hu dwlr slvowii. I'liAt it b « 
«pecio« of uuhoritT whidi o«ii;ht not ui be pcranwKUtj 
Iftdgiyt in Wge aikid tlhridml aMrmhlW-s moa, wa tlunk. 
la lainMn ht cuAMdedi OpfWMlHon, pnUidly, In*! 
dbciMWon, Freqoeai co«n|kramite ; iIiom ve tbft duMwy 
ttnitSv 4/ ihv proe«iAng» oT mdi >— hBun. UnHj 



i 

I 

1 



« 



■ALun'ji oovsnTLTjoxAi, uaitrnT 



480 



^^^^''**'^ reqirirft. There Wfro, **iflivfot«, rM-rioufl 
otijccUoM to tko propcttitinn cf th« lfoi»t« rm thii 
tttljftct. Bill, uii th^ other iiuTid, to irutt nw^ m kinf^ 
it ftuch • crjsift, iflitli the ruty weapoa wklrh, in )mnd» 
lc«i duigvrota, bul de«troy«d tu i»iu:y Proc coiviiti* 
ti9»&. wi^ukl bftve Uwii tli« exinniv of TuhiMN. The 
j«ttk>usv irith whicli die oligueh/ oi" Vumco ned lb« 
SnocAc/ H(i1Ur>il n^rdml tlidr gcincniTA ^4 ftfmicf 
b^tiioH llicm |>cq't.'iuai!>" to mttrrfrre m aattvn of 
^jrbidi thicy were iiVJvnpetrFit tc j^^lge. I'lui jtrAiey 
^■Kumd thrm ft^iiist mitittry UMir|iAtiAiii but pln^M 
^iheia oiid«r pMi disw)vwiE>|*ei in nnr. Tho nn<xKL> 
UoUkI p(iw«r ahloh tlio Kin|; of Fnuico «xGm»cd 
ov«r liifl tTO0|j« viublud liim to conquur hla oncmlwi 
bat vnibltid him ako to oppreui hs people Was th«ro 
tety inuxriiMdiAto oouiw? Non^> wo con^m, ftlto- 
Iplhvr ti^ fn^m objQctimi. But on the wbab, tec 
coikcdire thftt lli« b«t lAcMuro would Ktvc bn«i iWt 
which ths P*.iLiBni«iit Dr«T ntid ovi>r pm^o<>|^ niinTi>lv, 
tkftt for ■ limited tiniQ thu power uT thv iironl ibovld 
b« J«A to ihv twn H'>i]>^ta, aril] tliat it should rttV'crt to 
die Crown whi-u tlio cMin&titQEitin should be ttrnilv 
ttUtbluboJ, and when tlic now loRurit&a of freedoni 
■hmld be fA tar innn^thciied hy prf^^riplion ihmi It 
voulil be di Scull to emploj cvpii a st^ndnij; >nnr lor 

^B Mr> HiUbkLu ihuik» that tlw dinputfi nugfit caolly 
|i»v« btffu oonipnniUMd, by ciHc:titi|i Ihnt lb« Klnx 
IhJ b«T« no power lo ko«p » nUndln^ army ctfi lbo4 
tUe eomejtt of PiuUtinvui. H<e raaoont m if 
qnolkm hud l^on metvlj thcorctira}, and u if ii 
tbno no Army bed bwQ wimiod. »Tb« kini^ 
hA «ji« " Dnght hiive w«U <lhp«mod, in ihal 




w 



HAUJUI« CDHflUUIIUXAl, BmOHT* 



\ 
i 



igCt vtUh any mil:Iiinr or^mimtion,*' Now. ^e t 
ilwl Mr- H^Um ovi^looln tho nio^K Impnruni rlnrifin- 
•caoM in t]i« irhole em^ Irvlard wn« adtiallj In 
nbdKcm ; And ■ icrv^l cxp^iiiritm wonlJ Abv>"««V W 
nwwwtrjr to rt«iuic« tlmi kin^^fjoiu lo ob«divi>e«. Tlv 
HouM* hHid tlierefcro U> cofittdix, not ftn v1»in>r; 
qSMtios <if law, W nn orgpnt pv^dici) cpiortion. di* 
ACUt [nvf>lvin^ Hw mfi-^j of llic suie Tbcf h«l to 
conndcr tlie rxp^lictMy of bMn<diai<*lj giving % grmi 
army to a King wlio whi ■! Im*". m dnurnu* ia pM 
da«n the I'jt^iuncni at Enj^Unil fti to rooqner ihi 

Ofcnorvr W« ilo tiut UMva to ilcAod «U tliv m«Wtlf« 

of tbo Hooifli* K«r frqai it. Th<r» nerer wk> a [«^ 
Jbct num. h would, ckt^njfbrv, bo IIm height of fllsitf^ 
iAiy to ^\Hxi a pcrfofi party «■ n pcHWrt aisemUr. 
^or brge lHMti<« aiT fiir mtire liltAljr la frrr lluut tnifi- 
kk Th* [iAMi'-^niit are iprflaiiMd hy nymi'Mhr ; t!* 
'frar of iMmifliment ami llw «AiM of flitiBt? are dinai** 
ub»d by partition. Sv«vy da^ w« Htf mf-n 4a |or 
itbmr fkctiuu vhaii i![<7 w<niM diu rmilier than da fo 
I)kbi*c1v«. 

8csrc«[v anir pririxo qnuTcl cmr hapfKiis, Iti whirfi 
rif^t and wrocif; arc «:■ ciqimifi^ly rlivi^td iJuM all 
right iw on <ni« ^dn, and all litr< irmng otfi tba 
But ken: vras a Kboiv vrfiicli >«fianttod a larval 
ttJon into two pK/tia*. Of tliaao pai-lti^, each wiaH 
nf Biirir annlW partin. KikIi rrotafaiofl| 
nuf DNmbcrt, whn diflcn>d lar ]ua* ftvni thL-ir mnlf^ 
fi/m oppnavnta tbn Ihmi tlicir t-lottmt illm. Sarli 
■mo<i|t !u nqipmen nun/ who wen ileinv 
[■uned in thiir chaUv }iy ntxAt^ ai^'tbnt of birtli, ef 
iikMfim, or af loral •koatioci. Each of thtm 
\um>^uA to iualf in motlitiidei tboav &voe aiid imAii 



'i 




ttALLAm OOXmriniOMAL ItlRTatT. 



401 



10 wbom ibe cloud* sod wMrlwiniii of Uw 
potiticsl Imrrictno arv Uie shnoiph^rc of !if«. A 
pnrtVt lik^i a fuiip, bai iIb wtien and ramp-fcJIoiirQr^ 
u wifrJl ftA iti Mildicni. In il* [frogrrju il <<i>lWu niuiiO 
it ft TUt roUmiVt ci)ai|KdAL of peOjjTv wIk^ tlirirv bj 
tto cosUiHi or ftre atmucd liy itt cjiiplij*, wlio mirr bu 
MimdmM r«ckeo«d, in u oaE^nttfioiu triTintenfttioru 
w jbmitii]; ft put of itt bot wlio friv^ nil oid to its op 
oratii>iu. Bnd tak* bat m Un^id inutrnt iii its kuccmr, 
mha rnlAi Ui dtodpluw «nd duhonour iu flnf; ^^ i1i<*Ff 
irrvgalvritiMt And who, «fl«r a dimutftr, aiv prriircllj 
r««d)r to cdI tbn ihroalu ftnd ri4l<^ tJio bagg*^ <7f Oimr 

'iliu> it il in ovocy gTMl divinon ; wid tb'iA it wft< 
In wLT dvij wiiT, Oil botli udM tli«tc irtA, undotibt 
^dJifi ciwi^ch of Cftnid «td ononf^ ^f mm- Ia dligiut 
injr nuin wIm did not roB«rt ttiat t>ie whntcr hiafj^ry of 
the >p«c>M b Duidfl up of ]iule wicppt crim** ind cr- 
ron. MiianlJirapy U not thu lempor which quAlifii* 
o auo In Wt in |;iwl MlGun, or to jiii||[e of tkt-m. 

« or the pNrliftoieiit," ta^t Mr HiUlfiin. *' it may bo 
ioid, I think, ^tli not greyer aovcniv than fndi, that 
Kme liTo or throe pobljc acu of jiudce, bnniAmty, 
«r jjMirMitj, «nd vrry lW of pr^tirnl wiu^YiD etr 
eoim^^ ftro raconkd vl' them, frt>m ihr?ir quAtr^'l viib 
tJiv Ktii|^ to tiMir vjipuition by Oromvrdh" ThoM 
vho imy Hgno wi'tii Mt ui tlw opinion which w*t hftv# 
ipfvtfed oA to tltc orvMiol decnuids of tho PariSuncLt 
vQI Mun'oli' collar in thi« strong inimu^. Tho prop* 
mitiow wVueh the U<«UM mtdo at OsdM. ai Ui- 
orfdjce, And at Novy«itlt, w#rc in utrvt )KrArd>ti<?o 
with iHam dfindjid). In th« d«rte»t pwiod oC th^ 

kr, thoy fJiowod iM diflpoutioo to concede uij Titat 
In iho fblwH of tbvir ■muotw, Um; ilio««4 



L^£fa 




192 



RALLAU'A caHsummonht tttsroir. 



no (GipfvitMn to «ncrcadi beyond tlMse Kttiil*- t* 
i}i\% rMp^'ct wo eaiiDot Uit tUnk tli«t ilwy <fauii^ j<»- 
lice Ainl gwiBw oi ljr. w ««J1 «a pulilml vwtnvi nd 

Tho FarlkDMnt itm oertalnlj Tar from fiinlrf'sii 
^o fully iijirv« wilh Mr, UoIWi in reftrob«lin|^ timk 
klaiiMit of IjftucL For tiiA indiriiliial, indmd, wt 
cnturtujM a itioiv tuimi|i|;iittH| <xiiitipinpl lliuxi Car Mnj 
otbcr cliUKclcr m mir hutory, TLo EondMHi wvik 
trbich A porljun of di^ c^unrh rvganti h» tMOkory, oM 
b« com^iuxvd wily to iboi perrrnilr of KBvcrUon wUdi 
Kiinutui}tf4 trfuj* H aotkwr to adoct die nooctor or iWi 
idiot of tbv fnuiil/ to dM object of Ixr M|HKlftl tinwir. 
Mr, Hjdlnni lui inciduDlmlly ohewrvcd, tlut, ia tb 
coiT^|M>rt<lMkc« d J^ooil itidi Straffinni. d»fto ftro m 
iitJioolJoiM of a Mu^e g( ijuiy uiw«r<I> Qod or 
TIm »iliiiiren of die ArrJibilbQp lnv«, in coitMMpiQiK^ 
tuilieuil ujwit di« fubtic ft crowd of uxtrK-U iM| 
to prove thv ciiotnuy- Nuvr, in t\i Uwoe fMua^siiv 
loe nothbg which o praku w wkkvd m Popi 
LloxAndor or CAitlniAl Daboit ini|i^bi not bftvt wriituni 
'hofio |io«Mife<« indioftt4} ivt vitu of doty to (iod ar 
i«ii, but »:T]iplir M Mruii}; inUtrtvt lA lb« proifNiHiy mmI 
;iuty of lite ordur to wkich the wril«r bokngod; Mm 
it«mt whtcbi wbca kept witltin ovrtuo lioubi, liom 
not doflTTfi oKiftoro, bat wbick cm noror be oobimIcprJ 
m o tirtiw- Loud Ja mixioiu to teconmodoto mliAi9» 
tfirily tko diifWte* n tbo Univenatr of DnUta. H« 
rutft t» hfvr diot o c^un-h a UMd u o itebfe, Bild 
^tlttl tbo beiiA^c«« of [nioni are irer^ poor. Ho ja 4^ 
BTOUi Out, bowvor BitftU o cMigr^bon nioj k\ 
NTVM diould bo TiguMy peHbim^J. Ho gxpr ti w 
a vUi (fast dkc JwlgBi of tfcfl osurt \t4*xm which i|ii»- 
liooa «f tith« afv gim«rol)y braoj^ ikioM b* 






iiMjjiK^ oox*nn;rms[AL nT»nisT. 



4H 



irith t view to ibc tntetn^t or the <:\vrgf, M\ thb my 
oe rery jvoper; uid it imy be T«iy pfAper liiat ar 
■Idemwn aliji>]li) a14»(] «p Ibr ibo tr>lb of Jiii barMqtlLi 
tod an K«hl hhlU director for iha j^larti-r af hk Com* 
puiy. Uu( Ix la niiiculvus tv aj liiat llioij thins* 
tndiciitK {lii^iy uikI U-owvlmce. Nu pnicflt«. Uioogh 
h9 wcr« tht: luuatt ■bAfudoiMd of auskiiul, could wuh 
10 wo tbo bodj, with iho Influcnco of *)uch Ui onrv 
inii«cnc« wa3 iilmticitL (Itgcrmled in tht jnhHic wimab> 
tkm by intamoJ diucnnonit b^ lh<» rntnniBi lUt^i oif 
Itt «diflc«S, Mid by llio iJctvciLly |)eHvnnaiic« of it« ribiv. 
Wi» williiij^ljr iicluiowleiEK^ tli»t Uie pm-bVolur ](-tt«fli 
m qiK»t)un havo *vtj httJc luinn in thom ; x compli* 
Bivnt whicb diiuot uftvu ij» |iuid vitliur lu tliv uritiii^ 

lliid w iho Archbishop wiu, btiworvr, hv vu not a 
traii'jc within iho statutfw Nor WAd Iw bv bcj mi^^ns 
•o iWmidAblti AA to bo^» \irojter mbjoct lt>r & rctrwpocv 
livo onlUuuxoc of the Ir^Ulurv. lln tzitikd lind doI 
•Kptiwan enough lo cocnprcliMid a f;;TeAt rtchcn^, ^ootl 
or bftd. Hu cppre«iiiTi? tcu were nou lik* tlio** <if tlio 
EarJ of Strafi'ardi ptrtu of ftri (FxionMvo tyttctii They 
wMTw Ikio liuuHe* ill which m uivaci kimI irritublu i.'^po*}* 
twn iadnlB«B itwstf frun <)ay to dwy-t tlie vxchtma ii«te- 
iml U ft little Blind in o iirvM plaict\ Tbo f)pv<*njtt 
pttnlabiaent vhlch the two Houaee could b^vo mittctcd 
« him would hftvo hffcn to set htm At fibt-rlj uid M-nJ 
iiiiB to OdWd. Thcro ho mi|^E have iUud« lorturrd 
by hi« own dialiolim] t«np«r, hnoi:iTntij; Ear Purium 
10 pJUory And mju>sle« pl^rninjc ihe OjiT«U«r>, for waoI 
rf Mfiubody hI**! to |;iEaf|;iii?, wilh hv ptw'uhatta vid 
ilnurdiiy.pvrfooiuiiit gtinucw nad miilics m tJiv cvtiii^ 
dot, (xmliiiiuiig thai inc<«n(ttT«UL- diuy, vrhich w« 
MTvr ■«« withcmt f^Tpr^tiAp tli« lien of ba h^wit 



rihdL 



IN 



fuijjhvs cocffTtrmoofAL nfrair. 



i 



vtnmmorvy 
In Pid|^ 

nlb*r aatV 



ir«*BHi ucniiitio^ ib« iU<i|>« of tiltwd wbJcli Ml liroiM Ui 
BMe. wauJunB tW dii^ctm of tho ^r, uvd li«l<siin| 
far 1^ nottt of th« MrevciiNcrwU. CoaMnptaoiv nor^ 
«M th^ onl^ vMigraace wUck i« bemut iIm 
■Ural ta ttln mi sudi a ritUmlMV old bigot* 

givnt f-rror* in th#» fyindor-i iT tlio Wt <v r«ib*r 
|pmt tiiTuri wliitli brouKlit liiuir kHkin uilo s <Kin di laai' 
fl^uirini; tho tmmt pcHJiKu vxpcdMnU. Tlio p«flM- 
mcBlarr bettikn uC wli&t mny bvoalM 1h« firrl g^—r 
ftliun, Kucx. HtuiclHSlvr. Nortlitinibvrluul, HoOia, even 
r^iD. all fbo nion vmrnant nwn, ia Khort, Hompibii «i- 
Mpvedt wfsre incUnfid U> ha}f roa wrea . Tfauj drcwM 
ft <I«cMve vW^orr ftltnwt »« marh w a it«fisJT« orts^ 
lltrMT. Utor wiflliacl ta brini* tliA Kinf^ inio a MtmlkHi 
iHihIi Buig^il rMiiW ic n6c«>««ry for hiai U> jprant their 
jvl and wb« iJcfiian<li» but noc Cq vubi^crt the uuutflUK 
tkft ot tA dwBgtf lb* dyiMMv, Thrv wm atell «f 
vvrving die pvqmw of iJiopp flvrvu and ddavmlMd 
MB W iw «f nkmuuT-hy. vha now btgao lo ahov ili w 
Jilrai b iIm k)vvcr raaiLj of th« partv, lite war 
tlittiCbni ooDdttcial in a Ui^^il nnd itiHRrMikt 
ner. A rcaahita bailrr niffht hftv-r (vooj^lil it lo a 
in m utonEb^ At th« end of llirae catnpaii^, howvrvr, 
tii9 wtmt WM «till ddbwui : mnd thai it hail md hmn 
riociikdly iwfaToanible &> iho caw* of GUrly waa pfi» 
.Q|mlly owidft to Uie ikiU an4 cmt^ vUdi die nv«t 
tiolam RiiunilbDadi had diiftlayod in adberdiiiaiv aitiM' 
HiJiu, Tlwooadnctof F^rtbiondCrv^wdltt Ua»- 
mi (uul MEUfalBKl a rvmarlcahla MnrmK to tbacof 
it £(lechill, aikd III thai fif Wallvr at l^nvlawtia 

If tiivm bt aiiy tniili rMiabJiahnl by ibo untvenal 
poMDcr of «atioH, H » thi*, ibft* ro cavry tba qMl rf 






pQftcv into wvr ii ft weak uid cmd poUc)r. Tlu tunf 
of Mgotiaiioa U the ua»t f>r doliWmlMi uU dtilAjr. 
Bni wtii-Li «fi oxtrenM cam caUi for thit rrnifuljr which 
b IQ i£> own ■Alur« UAit rio^fnt, nn^l nrhirh, in icu^ 
ta«V9^ i» % Tvm^f <ta]f liivaui^ it i% riol^titi it ii idle to 
think of ■iiti;^tm|{ aiiL<3 dilatiaj^, Lani^iiui iiur ciui io 
tUkUung wliiHi i](i^[o4uiioii or lubmiuiou will not «lo 
btfttoi i vid 10 Hcl on tiay othur pfmuifrltj it* noi :o mt* 
blood ftfiil moitof , but tu tquiuidtT tboin* 

TluK the i^airUaiiiGntftry tcad«r» laund. The tliird 
jcftT of [lofltiliiiaft wu drairlis^ to A close \ tiid tltcj 
bftd noi conqnerv4 the Krn^;. Tluy haA qoI obuinud 
prm tbntp jjvjuiugn whic^h t>L'^ liju) <*xpk-rt/d ftam a 
policy nbnouiilj erronMu« in a miUtaiy |Hjint of viow. 
Hicy bud wislwd io buiL«iul il^ir nsounxs. TliOf 
Dov fimnd Uint in vitupriMis Itiw liidrs panJmociy n 
dw iror«t pn>fu&lotti Th«v harl hop«d to uJHki ft t«g- 
<aicilktkra. The <rrcni taught ihcoi that the boat wrj 
to«onci!JAt« U to bring the work of d^stnLCtion to s 
wpncAy tcnittiiAtiaiu B/ thcor modinitioii ui&ay Utoi 
ftnd fnuc}] proprrtf hftd been waitfd. The usfCi? pa» 
ftioiu vIueI], if th« conti>At lidd Wn ihort, wonM hav* 
djvd aws^ AhnoM sa «oou »« (bey Mpjiucvd, bod fixH 
lli«aui^\'»« in iho fonii of dcvp and laitiii^ hatred. A 
milttuy caat« had jgnwii o^k ThoM wlio hiul b^en ib- 
dxifcd to Iftko up ann? bj tho patriotic ttcliiitp of cili- 
KM hAt\ br^n to cMertain iho profcuiiMial fodfrr^ at 
aMitn, Aborr &11, tb« leader* of ihu partj* bod for- 
fcjiad ita ciitftfidf nct^ If ibcj had, by their valour anl 
abilitiM. i;auiad a complctn tietoiy, l}icir iaflnrnc? 
miftbl bate be«ii «u£cii<nt to |i^vvt4 tbdr a4v>ciAi«a 
^vaa abusing ii. Ii wai oov nectiMtty Ut chooa« Kiore 
'«BolQia >nd uQconyronit'mg copunandofa. Uahftppalv 
Ibe i&aicHoiv oua who ainn* wi£t«d la hm^f tU tbi 



1% 



RAt.i-jiirfi cOTfiTTnmmcAi. irrnntr. 



1 



k. 



tdrf^rtU and virto^x wkirh tW criiiA nM|tiirft1, whn aIam 
nmld biit« nv«d hn nnintry from thv prcertit duig«MHJ 
vrichoot i^nnging lief into oebm, vh^ done cmili! ItinH 
oiiitiid «ll ihft fhi^ndft ^ IJbetiv in otH^HofKO to bia am* 
maixJnii; gcivtu ud his vviMinib1« tuioe, w«b im 
Somdliin^ ifi^lM *till ^ done. The Elottm ni)^ 
»WTft tlfcii woral of aII evfls tHc lnmR|)liAni frinrft 
ftn tmperimifl an<3; cnprinnplrd muter* Tkej mij 
RDil piwrvc l^ndon from all tlw borram of 
otttMftdVi Hiid liiKi, But ih«ir tiofie* cd" > viciorj 
»{M»(Jcu u ihtlr cavac^ of « ivcoodHBtlosi wMcb mij 
biit toevUttr t}i9 haiu of all bonwA Bnptiihmm ftr 
^v (JuTvfVM of (b« {joblic good, ^r '^urnUe tnf>qi)8- 
titj', of tempcffttc frtodonu wcrv biiHcd in tlic graxt 

Th« wlM<tdi)'Enj{ onEiun^c wni pastnl, onij tha 
wu rctnoilolUil. TIiop iintuAUirv w^ro BMloulitMlli 
lUl of ihnpfT. But p]l lliat wn Itfft 10 tlic PmrBi 
via to tak^ Uic lvs» c^T two daagim. AiiO v^ think 
thiitt ovtci if tlivy coulJ IntTu accural'*!/ InrcMva «l 
that fuUawcd, tbdr dccufon uught to have b«cn Um 
Mine. Unikrony cwmfiutanrof, wo Hhotild baw 
ftrrH Cronwffl to CIirHm. But \h^rr coiUd be ' 
campaign bttwMii Cromwell mml C'b*r!« virtorioi 
Ofiorkf twtoTfd, Ch«rfi« vtubM to fwoi! &i uU i\ 
han^ grudgca of hn >sif ling msmur Nad Jib crini^ 
,vbb. Tbf noxt rwt of Ui Majcaiy (o liU fiiUij 
CommoM irouJd bare been miiqs*»oricnu thti\ ihfti wil 
wLdcb he loit bovonrvd tbvni ; mam Rnoa* tiran i\ 
vHpU ibrir own (rcivral ^tdd them bonvi yoju^ aI 
Tne King would srarro taro bom rontcnt witli ptmj^' 
mg; tbil tbe L<xd wmU ddiTeT bim from V^tio, ot 
with pnSing Utrtoo br tho «)(■)(. If, bj Gital aibtnoiy 
■HiOMati notUqg wn hA to E^f^uid bnt a chi 






^ 



JL 




a&LL,\ii'8 co^csrnuTioxAL inKTon*. 407 
^fnirti. ihw Imat tyrvnt wbom ifac ibcmld hvn cImmto 

Frooa the «pfir«h«nBMn of this wont cril the ilc>im 
v«ns lum ddrrcred bv Ibeir simw InadOTi. The amim 
vf (yb:&iii« wiirt OTicary wWiv rijui>>l, Iim liulxk(<B««v 

Kiiig butuvlf fcU into Uh hantk of tho P&Hiamvm i 
luJ bonii iho King ^d the Parliiuncnt mod AJl into 
iko fapnds <if dio arm}'- The fiiU of both the e*puvr« 
wfti th« Mni«. Bntli tr^ro tr(«b«ii all«niAl^jr wjtii ro- 
^Mfct and intJj insiill. At len^i^ tlii^ oAtnnl hfe ot 
cmcs ftnd thf< pditir^l lii(? nf tho ofhor, wcro l«niui»t«d 

I^imJ wnv tuitixl in a vibifiW hancL Mvn nalTinilU' »yB« 
pAihb* with t)io caUmiUcs of mdividiiala ; bui ibcy vo 
iacJincd to look on a Billt-n purty with c^(i1cfD|it nthcT 
iJun wiiii piiy. Thnt miifammn mm«l lht> f;;TV4iieHt 
of PttVtuatQtUA inii> Ui« clc«pta«d Riiinii, and thtf wont 
of ICiri)t^ into the Hl«»itl MtirtTr 

Mr. llallain dvCJ'MJy rondi^iuKJt liio ex«cutjiiii of 
Chu-1«B ; aiiij in «U thu,i iiv fmyv on tJott Hil^ect w« 
hcvdijr «^nw. ^Vc ftiOy eoiicnr witK Mm in rhinkiog 
Uiai a {^TMi i'>!k) scUnia mch aa the civil war, is not 
to he Danfimndn! with an onlimuy trrAMik, and cfaal 
(iia rAiu^iuilu^l f^ijihl to h* trr^trod Arrcn^io)* to thu 
ntlciit not of nianidpa}, but vt' inTi.-m>tionMl Uw. in 
llui <WM tiK ditttnciion ia of tlw I«v iiupurUuicc, bi»> 
miiM botb IfiMrttKtioual and tntinici;>al lair wtn in 
Jfaroor of Cha/lm lie wai a prisoner of war br tbe 
fcrmv, a Kinj^ br tl>e tett«r. By nfillicr WM he a 
taitoc. If he had beoi >aiM?c»^ and khd put kir 
taadin^ 4kfif>oiirniJ m di-Aih, lio wMild have dMmsd 
<orMV e«njDr« : anri ihi« wiihoui rv£ercnc« to iha jo^ 
t*C9 or tnjttfiice of hi* catice. Yet ibe cqipoawoti of 







l8g iiAMJiirs oolttmcnoiAL manwr. 

CWrtm, U toMUt ba aidmkted, w«tv tArfemr^Lll^ fta ^ 
Elf tnuviii. Hff mi^bi hftv^ Afiil th'^ii la itw vcidUd 
widioiU *ioktizi|; uiy fStnblklicd prini^iiilc of jiut^ 
lirudHiQa* Ho wotdd nvi t»vu been coutpcUiKl to oT«r> 
lutn Uie wbulu D()tutitQti<]n in order tu rtsoh theft. 
Hvrv bU irrii cue differed widuly fran tlMu«. N«t 
4>n1/ WM M» raQLlrmn>ti.3n in ilM^fanfASim w^M 
only tlie «troTi|;ost nrcM^ily conlil vindicate; but i| 
cmld not be prociir«l withdat lokinfc vrverBl |>iviMnii 

ttmnsBSt ateagjty Ui viiulk«te iU ll comU not b« pn^ 
cmvd wttiiout disMdring ihv ^TontnwnC hf oiiUiarj 
tort-v, wiUi<-.<nt v«tabri*Kin); prmdtnb of ilie noat 
gcrom doecripdoiii iriLhout crcaiaig difBenLtiai 
thft vHuct ton Tcare vtro i^mhii in iTnwtng, w 
pnUinjt down tiutitiitMina wliirli it «k» liecaiD* 
mry to recorL-arocL, and «DUing up fillii«n iHiicb aliaatf 
«v«ry Boan wan Kicut tin|jatiinit to dMrajr. Itwa> on^ 
Bttuy Id Btrikv tbe lidux* 1/ l^ji^ out of iho oowti* 
ttt^i, to ezduda uanibcn of lli« Houaa of CoinmanB 
hy fonsOi to make a iww oriair, a nmr inbunAl. ■ nt« 
Qioda of iirocodan. Tbe ivholc le^dadvc ^od jndicial 
ey atW M trare iranipkd lUiwn f'lr tfio purpow of 
a >mKJc h«ail. }fot Qoly th<iw ;>aJrta 1/ tb« oonati 
itliic^ th« nfiublieana wm iWiQroiw ti» itvtroy, 
ihioBV vhidi tJift wiili«d lo rMaiii anJ aiolt, 
4Mf4jr n^iKrad by th«Bt mtMadkim. Ili^ Cmun li 
Jnabet bc^M to uaiii|i ib* fuocdou of Juriv. Uta 
PHmniag delcfCBtBi of tlia pvople irvn tcoci dfnn 
from thAir «MU bv ih« mtam militai^ Tialnoc wUdr 
had cnahbd tJian to occduda iMr «Jl«af;i>r<i. 

if CharlM had be«i die Im! <^ Ivi Hna, them woM 
b«pQ an tntclitgpUn I'a M on far pittiing hiMi M 
Hot the U(»« vlitdi tonniiHlvtl hn W st 



lodkMl 
otBtiaM 



^ 






BAClAlTS OOKBriTCnCXAL IU?(IOltV. 



4ttl 



IrwtfliicfTett tlMi aJlcgiann of frvirfj ItoralUt ta an Wr, 
IXHJ wi lidr Vp'bo wiu at HbAriy. To kill tbo iiulivHktal 
wa«, under u^^h circiuiuUuaoiK, iKfl ki dealji>3^, bu! l4t 

WedvlQA Uiec!iimM?terorChurtvn; but > oub 4>Li£l>l 
not iQ hv ranovfid by a Uw a pojrt /txdc^ cvun conn^ 
mionallf procnnxl* mcroly brniQ^o ho is dot<sULUc. 
Hft ai*ii4 fltM be vwy (lanK^^roiis. We ca» ttcareek 
foficcire tiiAt uijr dai^E^ whu-h a aU|« rrnn Apprchenil 
from wiy individiu) could jn»lify iinj violent mcamtrt^ 
wliich w«TV tuxi-ssAtj to procure a Mnt<-nce af^antl 
CWIn. Uiit in bft the dkuijicr amounCrd ti^ nnthing, 

parlj ti> bi* ufllov- But tliia diiMffiir lii'^ exttnitiun <jo\y 
iftdwiML Hii pei'vaiiiJ uiflnaKM vma littlo indcciL 
H« had kfft ilw anftdweo of owrf iwrtj, Chnrcli- 
iM-B. CillK^JOSt Prwbjrmians IndcpendLmfs* \ub ^vk- 
cmi«t hiA fnondft^ bU IaoU E«;^i>h, Scrj<cbL, Iriih, nil 
4irnioM And ffobdiviiioM of bit pco|>)a tod bc«n d<^ 
Q(iT(d lij hJiDi Hb lUMl attorliMl oomcilliMii tunwd 
AWftj with sluTOfr and jut|cabh ham hit £daa anid baU 
Ivvr policji p\cA iiiUrtwinnd with plot, mnia ikpriinjE 
bvnMth niiitfi ai^ents diftonmni, ITOmtM^i vi«i«i], iin« 
|i|ail|Ca gjt'no in priv«t«, anutJivr in pullio, " Oh* Mr. 
Syovtirf," mf% Cktvndott, in a loil-rr tn J^icbtdAt, 
■* iboae amutgnn bare pivn mo Diom fad houn ihau 
all tlie tnisfurturvM ni wjir vrliich hav4 btr&llfn ihr 
Kjagg and look lihp tJic diiyla ef tiod'i anger tmirartfli 

'Hie rtbilitiM of Oliarlf^^ irvrv not fermidab^ llii 

(h thtf Ban art! vrai ladnd cxqaiatct ; and (ow 

tQ/wm^Off** batv trriltan or s|iolj>n brttir. But 

S« wu ri9l UL fi:iT vctivv ItJv. la iw%;utiatKtfi b<^ ^ai 

liiajn t^^iiil Uf dapv ocbont and duping duly hiBMdf 





lib mnay. The rtorr which 01 
ttbJr naufiiJ!i iw of the «x«uBei^ 
BoUdil explain th^ cudjR^ptlu^ 
nun, it K^oRM, bcfCRnl tU Kinf^ 
dtmiK Mk Ihild (>f hU bHill«« I 
roaiid. Na mui whn h*d tiiti<!h v 
liaT« trwd In pMbrm tlw Mir>« | 
dty for Oliver Ctum««lL 4 

gvouB. « riolml dtttli. JIm ^ 

the Eii;c'i H''^'^ ul* ■'x^ Enfrliih p«4 
iwl cuiiquur, hu BHA codd not d| 
litittiiluiiioii iid kia excviiiion i 
gammnm ootapwon, JhS^tn wfaol 
poltdcd oiSnm ntnutt aJwavi J 
thmnuiiW ATD H*M upon tlwm. | 
k.-v wAtchin^ liif<ir Uvnicmiioiir. i 
wvry «han^ ol' colour, j* lo g| 
Kie<^ h imptMUfu SopjJinitl 
kditMiiciQ, Fmil«> m,yd ikqita- haV 
ftn nvn t}w «qdu=ft mMi wHbJ 

mj— ■■■ir.-r.i ■_ - ■ *rTj 



llALUir» <XWHTtl-VJH.»>AL ItljfTOKY. 



601 



mmg£tm~ HtE iTil^ct*! tx^n to !ovo hu mccDory ii 
heuiiljrw tlic^ tind hfttc4 his pcrfon; uid pofrt^^Htjr 
hM frt l maEwi Lit duuuctor fi-om his death mhcr iIiati 
from \m BK 

To nffprrwmr. Chnr!« w a niwrtyr in iK*: rjiaap rtf 
Epnccpac^' it nljiunl^ TLimv wlio {»ut tiTm to iWlli 
and w little fer the Aswmbly uf Dlrins u Ebr tiw 
Coarocdtion, and wouM, in nil finibibint^, onl^ har% 
]iAt«l litm ili« Tn<}rv If )i« bnil a|*ivt<d lij «ut up iIm 
PitftbjlenBn iIifcl|:i1Jni.v Intlvvd, m ipitc <jf the oprn^ 
iovi ^ Mr. Ifftlkm, wv ore inelinod io thinli Ihal th« 
trttclintfnt «f Chaiies to l1i« Clinr^h of EngTand wu 
■liog^ether poltTic^. Hum&it n^iure in, we adnuE, so 
npnciotti tlwt thctt ma/ br « .*iri^Tc iKuiwtii"<» poiui !n 
ft winnfifln*^ wliirh •tptj »fth**cs* pil*** U rftllnuji- A 
nun wi^hnul Irufh or Imciittnif j nmv bAVvi loinit* strange 
«QnqiI«« ftboul a trific. Tbisrc wv oae drroat wiurior 
in tib* roTvI o*nip wljo*o pioty horo a grwu rvwrnblAiion 
to thit vrhicl: it OK^rilwd tt> t)iu Kjn;;, We lueAii 
Uoloiicl Tumor. Tliat ^ITnnl CavflUvr wu li^uijfvd. 
After dio BmtoifttJoo, for a fiogiiioiui burglary. At tlio 
gaUMTs h^ tnU the a^«rd that hl« mhd received grcM 
rfViMibtioQ ^vrm «ini- rd^fctum ; lie hoA nlyraya uk^ 
off In* TimC wfkoD hn ironF intn ■ rbnrrh. The cliArac> 
Urnf Clrtirltr* wnuld *p»nri>ly n*** Jri otir mt»m»tio<i, tf 
WQ believed t)ut ho waj prirkrd iil tyiEi^cit'rir'i* al^'.T llio 
iitftmier of tltii woilliy lovnliit, juid that wKile vio'tV 
ihg nil tbe 6nt ni1» of CIlHsiIaii nKirsJitv, bp wm« un* 
<vdj aiTnipoIotii Abooi ehnrdi^njrvniEiimt. DdI w* 
■ff^tiic him of wrfi Wf«Vnn9^ In VM-, he deiriH-mtely 
emtfniMd the Scotch Dwlandon wUch tcoEttl tbi: l]w 
tfownttMnt of ih& ehnreh by MmbiAope a'sd buhojn 
mw ei»tnu7 Ift ihc word of Ood. la 1^45, h-p ftpp«w 
» l»v» A0n«d tA 4ft u]i Popfirj in Irvltnd. Thtf ■ 



PfH 



ILUOAU^ CC^4TlTl7fKKfAJ. in^TOBT. 



1 



King vho bad ot^lwhed the Fmabylciwi raljiii««i 
jjw kingdom, uid who »» x*illtiig u.i t ^ 

Mo acruploft ab>iU t}ie cocldUAitical coiisiimiiun of iktf 
ihirtL u»)to^thcr incredible. He KinaitT'' n 

tetMra that ho looL^ rjii Ept^oApcbc^ u a vi i, ■« 
port of monftrchicjU power than tv«o tli« umr. KruM 
CaiiKC* whicit wo hftVff ftlrcmJj cKWvi^*'' "'. '^'* Bub 
IuiLmI Cl]tir<^U h:uJ bfvn, «ioc,<« liiu J^ ' loli, tlitf 

iharvforv, IP proMTvo ii. Ho li^^jaigLt Jun»iJf ui<rt^ 
vary boili to iha V^tViUoeai mid lo tim trtiH'. Hi» i 
nM IvircMoe, M too btv. ihfti, hr |«luTiji): with tbi 
ProRbjicfi(uu« So liiouM p«i boiEi them kixl hiimitf, 
inu) the fKiw<.>r of % ftcrccf ftnd inoro during portj 1 
tip hjid fiarfwcgc kt. we Aivprct tltAt the rotAl bkr 
which fttiU cri« lo irc«vcn, worr thiHieth uf Jkou«i| 
loi jwdgin(.nt« onljr to bo Avnruii bjr Mll-fuli uul 
MUCQ, wuuld nvvvr havv Uvq il^vd Unv who had 
■wiHowcd the Scc>tch UcclAiiiion would Acanvlj t 
At thu CovcBinut, 

The dc»Ui of ChuHtf and the rimog tsmsitmi w 
Iwl to \t raiacJ OomwcU to a brii^l of pevcr Ihul 
the mfhiU Connonwfttlthi No vien ocmj^v •« tftlrfr 
di4 a plar« in hutory u tboM who havL- ^utjiM 
m-ehict on th« nuiui 'jf rupuUirftn iii>li]tifv<iut. 
ylor^, cf iKit of llw |>iin!«L Ik Mkurviltv vT iJr 
r«diKttv« Nnd dmling kunL Jn r^tiona hrvk/«i a i 
curb, in laiivoi l*>ng acctulomkil lo U< uxi«<J«rivn 
0Q« tyreat to uiutW, ft b»a wiUumi ^Ailiiual ^miI^ 
t]«* mj MuiJr gnni Aupnsio powtr. Tho '^rf-Wirt 
Dif a troop of ^udi, A coawfnrocy of DtnmrlM, a pep 
ttUr taiQult, ni|Eht |Jaco sa ittdoknt Mofttor or « hn^ 
^ voUiar ofi thfi ihronft of iho Bcoua woHd. 





J 



B&LLAira co;:srjTL-7io>AL atsrrKT. 



M»: 



jf Asi^ But m cammmiity vlucJi lut* bcAnl the vo«oe 
r^ inilh ai>i1 (X|>«rion<ttl iho plciiiuro* fit libcny, in 
■hick Uw nk4-nU of AlateMicrk vU crfmrtvoik nrefrfelf 
rukTMMfl, ui wlurh obccSioiitc U paid, not to per*ona 
Imi to bw«, iu y^Kwli m»^f/UMim trt itigardcil, Dot m 
tLu loFibt, but lu riie MeriVDiv of tli« |iu1jljc, is «r)iicb 
tlie vxcjtrmuiit of ]>>f gr U a iiiTiiin»rjr of life, b vltkh 
|ioljticil ^mrftro is radikocd to t fiyUem of ta-:iic» i Kticb 
» floonaakj b not cwUy nxlyocd w flcr\*hiiiK B«wnr 
fS burden cuy eully bu m«nagi><J by ft ncir nuvtcr.- 
Itui will tl;A witrl sff lubcnil 1o ifif^ hmdt.! Will ik^t 
imtnani MTfv luid nlado b^llicrrib? Will Wrnth*n 
hokl out bia tinatriU to the htmk ? T]:]e trytlialnjtiAU 
rauixtfrar of ib« JEahI, «fiow enduuttioi^iib t^qck 
wild hmnbi to tiio tafnema* of donoitic cnttlci. and who. 
IhjimhmxI ILgof ami ligvfv to hit dwrioLt U but nn inu 
peribet ^pe of thc^o «itraordii&rj iiuii<1( irfudi haT« 
thffowi] & ipeil on llw fierce iftiiita uf HAtiaiM nmoeiiA- 
bOBMid Co control, and bsvc compfiBcd fvpng fiicciocit ui 
ofaej llwir r«In< ind hhtcII rViHr trifinifiTi. Tho tnrcri^ 
pdil^ be it ipicd or h^, it oi-i« whir^h n<qiifm ■ tndr 

|9<00l mftik' It doOkUKb roaniUT* HC^li^tyi ener^, Wtf 
■liiit^ firnin^t, «oiW[iicHciiDi virtuw, at tirw m »|>lcniliil 
uid ■Utiriqg m to rMunbie rirtnei, 

Thoa» who baro socccodod in ihv ftnliiom vndmak^ 
in^ UtTTD a vi^ry -mftlJ and a Vfrr rvuiarkable cbub 
LWdMA of ^mnny, hern nf frr«idonn» kii^ junon^ 
^Mmai, diiK<» Atton^ kii^*iv *^T u">V! in 
l]l4 cbanir^iintja ^f [ji« srstMn wbirb vprin;*! frcTA 
flusv juid tkcoo of the lyntrm frnm which 1^7 Hftvt 
■prttfig^ Tbov ruit;n> «lr>itu Hriib * dvuMo ligbt, iha 
Uit and d«ftn«t ray* of dupurtiiij; frv.'driEu miTiglfd 
«C%,tbr flnt ftiid bhehtoft ^lono* jf imipin ni Ui 



501 HALijiirt c&ynnnmoKAL Hmroser- 

dk<A. -The h>^ fjiislitiM tif twh » (>fifK« Umd la 
diopvlMn iUvlf A dunn dniwn Iram tbe lilwrtT iUNl«t 
which liter won fomwd, aiid wIikIj l)>ftj luw de* 
•iTjirrd, H« rc u tmbka an Ew^mh wbo wirli^ wrtUa 
the TropicA. null c«rnea thrUi«r ibo atreositb s&d tt« 
oncTgciit? halritt BainirDd in repooi more (iropitiovii to 
the oonMkntiAn. II? dillnf^ » widely from firiiiJM 
imnwd to ihi* purple oF inipf<Tiftl frpdles, u t}>r cm 
pATiionft of Onnw from ihrir i]war6«1i nml unfifvil* 
pffogeitj vrltMi. bom in • difnula ijn&TT'iirabl* to lu 
growth •lul iKnuty, d«f(«n«rfttM more anA mofv, ■< 
ov«ry dffwnt, fron ths qiMlili<B gf ih« ori^nBl muh 

In tbift cIrm ^r« mtf« mwmI pn^alnvnt, Cn«r, 
OroniwelL, ii>d ItonapArto, I'h^ higlit^ p]M*c in thii 
initaHtibJo trlmaTinM bcl«ng« andmibtfdly M Cji*iBr 
H^ huUhI the ulaib cf BonapBdv to those ol Ctdiik 
woll; fttid he \ttimt m oA tltA^ wh*! nQth«r Cro«nwA||< 
nor Bona|Wto pa«»««b«d, Ivnrning, lul^, wit, eW|u«t»^t* 
tJw MBtiBiDiil* mxl die Buumen of an ai^umplklbvd 
g«ntf«mvt. 

BttwMd Cromwttll and ffii|KJ*<rt> Mr. HilJun 
inrtknlei n pnndM, ravoeljr le« iti]Cfnk-tu thin th«t 
MUh Boffco baji drawn bHwr«n Rk^iard Co-iir ile 
IJon and CharW tJi« Twi^HUt of Suftfcio. In ttib ^ 
jAmlJul, bov«ver. and IttA'^ throvfchoDt h» work, w«^ 
Uiiiik tldii Im hardtj giv«4 Cmnwtll fair [m«iur& 
"Crunwdl," saya lio, *' &r ttnUe hbt niiEitypr, tm«r 
■hnwoJ any tignt of a lcf;i«bHre niikd, or nnj di 
ti: |ibca hb miewn m tliac boU««t Uub, tha am*lk>T^ 
tJTTt of •ocial bttitntions." TU difTcntto* In ibb 
ipttt, wn ronrMwv wa« not in thie chamctiir of llm 
Bwn, bm (n lliv rliararr^n nf the rfrolstrnM by mcnnf 
if wUc4i tboy iti«r to pow«r. Tha eMI war In ftijf 



Jwd 

thnti 

rile 

t}ii«^ 




zi 




tuxjurs CDit»TrTcncxiL iQ«toiir 



M 




UibJ hftJ hvM nndrttaken to (Mbnl and r«4Qt«; tli« 

npvibbanf of Krsnoe aol theiuaelrM to d«fftTOT, !■ 

die pHnciples of thv romnicn lufv had niM<«r 

disturboJ, uid nwoi cvtri irf it» iiamt tud 1««it 

Id ttocd. Jn Fmico, lltc hw uvrl lt« ninkwri lind 

swvpl flway tf>j7Mfa«r. Jn FVuMy% tli<-iy4or», 1ri||j*< 

nvcnmrily bpnaw the firnt bdiinns aC tho tint 

Ld«il ^rrrmm^-dl which ro^o <«k !);« nt^i c^ Ihi^ old 

iPfiitMa' Tbe adjiiirurs tr£ lui|pj J<ijiv* hftTt alvrjiyi 

uiiiniBkwd tliiit his work* mm inl««ior lo tlK««<if Sir 

Ciuittophor Wrvii, only b<K«wo lh» grwii Hro 'J Low* 

iko gftT« ^Vr•^l »itoh a fic^ld Ibr i!i« display of ij* pow- 

«n w nu urhitfct iti l}ii< httton' t€ tho world cvi*i 

^BOMOMod. SimiUr allo«r«nco Diut bt miido f^ir OoiB' 

HmL If h« oTOCUd llCtJe thnt ws« ii«w, H w&4 h«came 

^^ki?rA had hnm no p^n^nl denuColioQ In f1«mu- « ip*re 

for him, Aa it wu, he rvfhniMd ih* ro^vmrtitatiT* 

iyHera an • hkqI judiciimM fnAuuur. If4» miflurvit Uw 

ndmiiintrmtiou of juRuw tiEiilWm thrtiughmit thvtfknd. 

Wt wiU 4)cnte a pnpmgo Aiun hi* i^wwfa Ui tiw l'a«li»- 

iC m Sf^ttifialMr, i(iSi^, which cD^iuina, w« think, 

mid mile u the c!iuti<>ii ii» ftroiif:vr lodicaticmi 

tiTc mind, ihan am la bc^ fminj) in tiic vhulc 

Rn^ of orstidna ddiv«rcd on *iKh otcjuiioim kr&vc or 

>*Thcf« u iHkn jcnvcnd gricvince in ihc mtion^ It 

la tba Uw. I Uiiiik, J umy vay it^ f hav* ja eBiinent 

jndi^ ill that land an have bc^vi Lad, or thai Ui« m* 

Uoa ha* lud Cur Uw«o nany jwtn. Truly, 1 couU b« 

^■^Holaf ax 10 ik» cxcculivo jmrU U» iW aiteiitisvtra- 

PVK bnt U»l wonU trooUa yon. Bui ihv Uiith <f 

. Il b, ikaro arc wicked and ahocninaUa laws tliot wilt 

bo in joQf power U> alt^. Ti lian^ a man fbr h)> 

thmpcnce, I know not what,-— to hang fef a 






joiik Willi y<nt \n tt/' 

JUr. IljJIjim Iruiy nftvn tijat. 
Id nnk Cranircdl wilb Natmltvn lut 
etploit* wens u( nmcb abot'u tbu kvi 
mm«« and stora Uio trlEi^ti uf nn 
c«|iodcj." BonA(«n0 «m mined 
«du>uU I Um mrmf wlikb lie led 1 
tbe luictf Uini over ontcd. Ci 
foath mmI tlio pritte of b£s itaanlii 
C&Hi. Ha atreac looked tm wmT idt 
ficr^ ycftn olii Ua Ud fint to 
IIma to funii lii< in>o|;*. Oat 
■Md ui ttrniTt Utv bnvvat nml 
oiMt ocdetl? in p<acot ud tbQ 
iIba Emxifw liftd soffi. U» 
hiencft, He W it %a nHk^ue*/ 
bftulo wittioitt gvniixg it. H« 
vltlwiit onailiiioliii^ lJi« fercr 0| 
hU vicAOrim Wotv «0C tibft llifclM>t 



lUI-LAM-S COSSTfTLThOVAl. mSTOTT- 



sm 




^. 



iio iiiAiw of cnfbrciiTic obodKnct, fifty tliotiteiiid 
poUicPV, vr))n«o Ibf^k* no momj luui pv^^r *i^<ni« ^IlTict 
<lo(De«tic ur iii c^itijwtiiul w&r, Ui<I da^irn thoirftraM^ 
rttftrri into tbo [i^«» of lite pcqtIcH tbencdbrmiTd 
be divtinprifbrd omly *•/ ■afwor diSg^nrw, «i>tinrty, 
I rtffBihiitj in t^'0 pnrtnilft of f>«ftM>i htm tW other 

iWrs of llio roninunity which ihej- bod mved, 
Im ih^ (tan«ri] ipjrit sn<4 chantct^r of hi» ftiliunhttm* 
tkm, w«- Uiink Croooi^^ far mf>««1(>r lo NxjKiliXfiL 
" III rivtl pjvi-rHtn*"nt," siyi Mr, Hnllwn. **lhfn-' c«i 
no aduqiuto pamlltfl bvlinvti one irlio hnr! auclt^d 
ly t]i» ^Tf^ of a t««C4t4il fjiiuttft^m, am! o^io to 
«4lo«l tbe ftlOTw of rv«un ant! phlbiupby were opei\." 
Tbase cgpr cJCT Pn*. it *^mn to im, cnn^cy the highmt 
<MdAgiiiin on our gff«t coUTitry^an* Rnfon and ph4< 
tcnophy did not Mn^h ch^ cotirjacror nf E;tro|>f> to corn- 
Ql»d M«|iu>ions. or to punm-. m n firnt ntjcrfj t^«» 
h«p|»fi««» nf hn fi»fi1o, Thfy did no< prvrtni biM 
IhHn ritkiog 1ii» Iimiv and hii i>ower in m fr&ntk- ^4n- 
t«Bt ifguiMt t^« prindplv of huiun ttolnre and tK« 
k«w-i of thfl jilmJCAl wor4d, sgnintrt th« rsffc of tbo 
winter Bid tho Hberty of llic m^- llieT did not ex- 
cnpl liim fran the hflnenro of (hat meat p■^ATHf^ar of 
Miptcfltltiofim a pnvi:mpliiouji fkinJutti. TI>Ay diti not 
prMvrra faioD litHn tli^ (ri«hrint{on of pro«|><*i^'ty, or 
rMndn Ivni ftwnv indpoe^t qcTffniloa<n«M in tdf^r^r. 
Oo tile otl^^^ liiwl, Iho fimktiriifo of Cromwell ncrcr 
Mr^^ liim oil ttnvractii*abl« iiad«r1akiftgis or i^orifiunl 
bift i»«foeption of tbo pnblir good* Our ^ounirjniUi 
ftiMor ti> U(>fB|(arfe in Iflircntioin, wm ftr rapcrior to 
bin In t«tMlo«i- Tli« Francti Emporor «i among con- 
fvoron what VohaJn> if avnonET <*riDur^ a mlncolou 
thilL Mil ffjendtij gpoicn waa ftv^iscncty doad«iI hf 
of hnaftodr ai nhwrdly pvrvMW ia thoae of ih^ pef 




w 



IUUA1C9 ooxarrnmD!f At maToBr. 



1 



of tlift nnnsrjj irho ^uarroU with hit Iboil, 

hiA |>I;iYl]iiiig« to piMv^ CromTrll w^a vin|iltAlicsft^ 

wucalins uid iuLl'^c^vii robtuiticv of auDdf Uat 
oqualJj tliifiuod inuitkctuAl h«JiJi, •'hkJi, if Mir i»- 
lionu] pofUAlitj dvuB ii<>t umtiwl u», liu f«utillftii/ 
cloracicTiJvtl tiic gnxi men of Englimd. NoTLr nv 
mnj riilw >o cofi«p:cuim«ly ^ni for Mvcnognlj. Tlbi 
cup vtuch W mtoiicAt«d Almoftt sU o<bpn *>U»rBd 
htm. Jlifttpuit, rvllcM Irom lU ovn buoyancy ui i 
low«T »[ibpr?. rvptjivj in m^t«ltc pJuiJity «» Auon ■* k 
liftzl rvHcbod tlko Icvol crnipmiol to it He hod Aoty^ 
in coinaioa *\\h ttut largo cjui t£ auw who dklw* 
gaikk UuHW^vii* ia laWniiiiftttt ]>OBt*, koJ hIidim ioc»- 
fNtj boeooMtt obviotu od ftoon m the paUtc rvMt 
•anmoni Ulchii to lalie the kad. IU|AdIjrw hUlop- 
latM-A ^ew» hu mind exi«n<]tHl mor« n|>idljr tfliJL 
biMKntSauil ju ■ pnvcit« ritupm, be va k ^mU |ei»* 
««1; b«wv a vlill Kd-^tcr |itinc«. Nft|H)l«eii Inid a 
tbontric*] BU&iMT, to wliich ibv cuoiEien^K of k vwofa^ 
tiuttiry guari-ioom wmi bkndod vriib llw ofnOMW/ 
of tba dd Cowl <V VmaillttL Croinwall, bj tU 
oop fa adoo OT«a of bit toomim, oxJiiUk-d iu bU il^ 
Munoar Uia MMple «ul lutoiml qoUcuoa of a hm* 
Dtfldwr uhuard of biA ori^n nor T&in of bift «loTiiiMMS 
of M ttotn «)ki bftd fmnd bw proper [4*r« io taewkf^ M 
#id wbn Ut ancvcv ibat bo ms coni|K-liuii to dli it ■ 

r»«reu to fbrntfiaritr. wW* h» own di^iui/ wm 
L bo WM jnmciiLiow odj ItK- ba ^oontij, 

own fihwnctor ha l«A to Uko cath of it^f; bo iiA 

to ^ dttfiwlecl hy hb vjoloriw tn wtvt *nd lui r** 

[^inu in poHo. But bo mo u JMtnvi nnd unpi^coUi 

liatt of tbo puUir iMnour. U« fiAnd » cm^ 

to biuJt blQ b the fftlhvj- of ^VbiloholU Bt4 



I 



^ 



niii 



nTi«ngvd hipQwIf only by libcAt^iig him oqJ ^viji|c 
btm a ditinvT. But h* wv« |iru}>«r«^ co tiek Un cli>nf<«« 
wnr to Awn^^ iKo blood of a pnvniu EiiyliAnuiiu 
H<i«avi:riai^«vcrGnrricd to the tlixono m lugoft 
ttkin of ite bni ^iuliti«0 *:^ iIk^ nikiJliTig onlfTS, to 
~'jXinif a ifiapAlhj wiE}^ tho r«lin^ aiii inC^ri^sU of 
Ui* poop^ iio WM •anuUniw dnrcvi to tkihkn^ 
i4ttai4ir««; but Lv Itud a liiffli, B^JLk^ Lwxnii Ecit^^iJi 
Imrt* Uvucv it vua tbut hv lovfil xu dunxriiiid bif 
tbn>iic vitli KucH iiLLin oa Hi]<t and Hlabi^ ilcoco ir 
wtt tlaL Im iJli>ii'«J vo Urgv iL ijiun* of [^lilitvl lilwrt) 
to hia ntbjttru, and tLftt, cvtii w}^un na oppc&ition 
dftngproui to lu« pow<^ ond to hu |M^non almost com- 
\^id liiia Ut £i3rr«ra hy iIm «wonl, Jm nas alill Anxtoui 
to loAVC a fi^rnt ^nt vhich, at a tofrn itromth\a 
MUdttf fncc mtiJluEJonfc mi^hc ii|mii|;. We Jinulr b^ 
Cav^Uiat, if lilt {ii^l PiMiiiUQviU Iiad uvt cofiuiivncal 
iu dvUa«» by liupuung hia litlo, id* goTDronmot wo«bl 
baT« bt^tfi U4 mlid at lioffio as it woji trii^f^tuc mkI abb 
abroad. Hu iTM li «atdier; W linti rizwii by wur. 
Had bii ambition bocti of an impura or «dGili kaid. 
k would bavc bon «^y f^jr him Ui plunge hk connuy 
into coocinantal InMiiUiiM rtn & Sxr^je Mrale. awl lo ilafr* 
■■a tba tvOkna lactiaea vhich ho rvil«d, by tba BpAfii-* 
^Hwr of bis ricto/ioi. Sujno of bi* onL-sni*;* batv 
^H"^^'/ nvadbud« ibat lit cb« kuixttaai obuiii«l 
f luiJur lib admhtetfataw ho bad mi [KTSunal dmm ; Mt 
if » mm wha had muod Unwlf frvm ob^cuniy to oiih 
pu¥ voUly by bii miiiur^' ulcitu <Hruld liavo apy 
anwortby rcaM» £jx ^hnaking fnai nulilary if^K<ipriai% 
tbia rvfinaai^ i« bit ba^oftt g^oi^. In ihoRuccom <jd 
Iba EriglSab navy bo oouid bnvo 1^0 ftviri>dk int^nni. In 
r toSuntplia Biildod notbii^t to bi« fiune ; ita in<Traa» tMf^d 
L Wtbii^ b> U* Biaaiki of oivcrairiBg hit Fn«m*«; iia 




lUTXAir* oMnffrmoTVAL irmrvwr. 



Uiir |il«anuo in encMin^n;^ thjl nMp «errire which* 
m' ail ibe matranwnt* mip1f>3nfiij by vt Kfi^luh gorvm- 
Dicnt, i> llw ibiKt imiiou^ni for ftii^icf, vid tho rwM 
puw«ribL for jfood. Ub milimnulimlJDia m* gforiua^ 
bnt wU no Ttil^ ^°^' ^^ v^** '^^'t <*><* ^^ thna* 
licriodA of ovvrvirftinH m4 <fn\mhWn «xgnlon vlilcb 

mut lutfnnd^ bmfthfaU iBinpenne. He pUroJ Gn^clBiid 
ftt th«> hrftd ^ tkcr PrDWKtnt mi^mtt, and in the fint 
■khJc of CJinnliui pownv. He tuqi^ht erery nalkti t* 
Ttlti» Imt friotiiUlLip and Ia drravl Ikt i^mitv. Boi bt 
dicl i»t VL^iMfuW h^ n»warr9« in k rain ittvixiitf tm 
bt«rt W wjili Uiot «iiprvm«?y rthivh no poirn*. £■ tiba 
nodm ny^irin of Eiirofe, cmd «fv)y affect^ or 
long xviun* 

Th«i mihU and ArtW wwkifii Imd lU rewuii If ha 
4iil not Mrr7 ilio iMmiMW« (tf lb^ Oimmrinwetthli ir 
tntanpb to dkUBt apiulf, if lie <lid rt<ii vdnm Whft^ 
Ml wiA ilto ifKrib of llto RtwlihoftflC «iit thf? l.,o«rrv, 
if li# did not porltnn out Elaj>d*f» tnd QvnnMv tMn 
pniirip«|rtwfor Iw kSnvMfli and hii {-em^nih, hv 
ant, on tho otl>iTr banii, m* hk mtnninr orvrrMn br 
tmdtt of natkiM which Lb tiabllioQ M provoked. 
U« did not drag noi thtt Ust yc^n of Itii ]]f« aa orito 
vnI a ]inMiwr, m an nnlicalihr dtnuBfr and anilrT 
snjpvMrrniti paoWrf, npng with idr impotrbf dfaif^ 
vmgwncc, a»*l brpnliD;; ov^ viiionv nf ilrjiir^od f/^rx. 
llo want ifowm lo hi< ^rar* In \ho fnlnr-i- of f*owrf 
and frcno; and hv Mt lo hi* Kin u^ aiith<iril/ whtHi 
uij^ van cf ordinafy finniwH and pnidcwo woaU 
W-o f«liinact 

Bnc fbr t]i« wMltnoB </ ciMt 1MSA hihoAttht ^ 
op&diona which we hire booi «arpffttiiig would, 



I 



2 



tlALLUli COB»mmi>KAL IU»TtMtr. 



Ml 



3vl>cv«, Ekow hftVQ fUnntd tin oriiodox orccd of ^Do4 
li*g&4u9iL Wo Bighi now bo wntjqg undor tb« 
fff t 'm m itfit of ht* Hlf^hnen Oliver die Fifkli or tUt-1^ 
ini ihc Piiarth. Prcitc^or, hr tlw f^nfe nf God, of tiM 
Craomonwwllh of Kngknd, firotUivt, and Imliinit, 
aihI tht ^omuaii>nt t^ionto belivnffiri;^- '^><> ^f™ iff 
tbA |^n*t feundtjr of the dyniutv, on horsclAoJ^ m 
wii^n Lc Iim] thv diftpgo ■! Nuot)/, or on Ibot, u vhim 
ho iwk tlio iBac« Arom the t»b1i^ of tho Cc^iunom^ 
woulil kIuch our iic|i»fva nuJ oT^rlook our public «^ 
ficvu ftom Cbirin^-^Tua : and kotiaoim in hii pnuM 
would bo dniy prrochod «n his hicky ^y, tho tfadrd of 
8<ytwnbttv hy couri-clbipl&iiui, i^Ucki of tbe «boni* 
mtlon of iha iRriilioo. 

BvC, ihno^ hia ni w iiQi y hu not hp^n taknn tindw 
tlir (ulroitt^e of ftny r*^7> tbougli every <1htjc« Iiu 
b«#Q ua«d to bljick«i tt^ thoa|i;h to prmuo i^im would 
lon^ hftrc b««i m p«ni*habl« cniii«« irvtli and mnrh ftt 
biL pivnib Cowud« who lud Uviiibitil mi lim vozy 
•ound of lib nsni^ tooU of oflic« whu, UW UvimiiiK» 
hmi botifi pnjod of tbt boDOitr of hdrneyit^g Jib coaaht 
might tnmlt Mm in IojaJ *[>eocboo uid aJdgooiwu 
Vc*uJ pMlB i^hi UmnBTer lu the Kirk ^^ '^"^^ *^<"^ 
jpfli, link thovnmo fur wi«r* whiVki they b>d bslAwcd 
jm liw PmV>(^U^r. A firltTo molritndr mighc crowd to 
•hout and acotf n^niid tlir ^tbbi^T-tl ri>(iiuiu of tlw 
|rn«ttvt Prinoo «ad ^oJdirr d' tho if^ But wbcn 
Ih« Duirfti omum vUTtJod lOi otivnunaao tymnt in bb 
o*nj pabco, when llw cunqtiptU witich bud b«<eii wop 
hv t}ia ftrmin ^ Onmwcli wwt »oM to pumpor tint 
Wlou of Ch«Ho^ wIkii £ii^lbhnion woio lent to liciii 
ondor fbr«l|9i bstMon, a^aintt tho tndofMmlaiOD of 
Knrop^ itid th« l^roifii&nL reli^offi. fuftby hon«tf borti 
pyrfUd m tBOut M tho dwoght of one wba hod ii«rv 



A 



&1S ifAUJiun ooatHTfTirrKiJfAt- iiiim)«T. 



i 



ml^fvi bU cnunlry to be ill iL^rd by utr bol hinwlf 
U Viitft iiMlfl«d liAr« bc^en dkffii:uli ^ Anj iiH|;;JUlHMi 
Ui v«v ibif lahnfd Vkvro/ tst PnftM, »l iJiw ibo«4 i^ 
porioxit crwM of hi* &«. Hwulvfinfi ihrtiuti-b bv hRnai. 
yawning ui<i tu ' umiud oror « itfpatr'h. or h» 

ihjbboHng Ida L \aA bb oourtittn w a tit of 

atauilliD nflcflion, wiUkhii % rte^wM nnd icndtf 
remcmbmnfv of bim bcdwr vboa^ x**>iv ^^ J^^*^ 
pride cjf Lr'vvTA and ihi^ v4TU*rui cmfi of M^imb htd 
%lotn] T«bi;koiJ, yfhrt had bnmblul Spain on Hm land 
and Holbnil on tbe >ca, und whtMe impenal voica tad 
UTcMod tha nil* of ibo Ljhian piraiM uid tbff ptna 
oating flraa of IUomv fim Ia lb* prMcnt iJair bll 
ubanu:Ctir, (IiuqxIi comUiiiJt aUmcied, awL warcdj 
ovof- ddVmded, ia |io|MlMf whb thu (^"at bodv of nr 
cotmU jiiHti. 

Tbo moat blamvabl^ act Of fab life waa ibe exccatSM 
nf Ohad«a. Wo hava altvady ilrargciy cotulenuMd 
thftt procMdiQg ; b«t wo by ii'> mmot conwlor 4HH 
ono vrbich aAtacbfa aajr p«caliar stiKniA of iftCMaPV^ 
the nanaca of thov wbu parlkipatcd in iL Jl wa* ao 
uiynu and trijuiUcioa* dnplay of vkknt ^ty tyirilj 
but it wn nvl a cjroul or iiaitidwa eBraiura. k Ivd 
aU ibsav GeatiinM wbich diatugoiib tlio amr* of nm^ 
"■*H^i?— and lAtrcped «pania h^m hmo oad maUgpaai 
erimoi. 

rrom tk« man Wit tbtf Crom*x-II k d««d and UirivL, 
li« gD on in alnKMt f ufuct barmonr vmb Alr^ JlaJkai 
Id tboand <i b<t bAok. 'Xlio liincM wLicb ftUlo^ed iba 
BartMMlion poruiiariy mqntra ibat iin«j«rin^ inij^f^ 
Itafi^/ wbiob ia \m m^i diMinffUabing virmo. So pan 
af our hutorr, durinit tba kal ibraa cantariaa, pf<qaarit 
a apairtaclo of fwdi gnMcal d«<«rinw«. Xbv wUa 
of our lUteBon ■uim to ban 



1 



HAtLAU^ COXfiTirmOKjir BttTOnr 



Bin 



»nd tJwir moral «ri4 ititdlMBat 1iUl«ii«48 trlrfk^ oi 
vEth tli« norv ditirtut, l«ciuiie vo nw ii plAciM in t»* 
owediabo c<m1nBil niUi ihc high jind maji*fltic qntlitJm of 
tho Tn<^ whieb th«yracoM<kd. la the ^-tvat civil wtf, 

unhtile fay the purity «nd elevition of wmd which 
nuRj'of tin ^Pndji dUpU^rd. Un^DT CliftrlrA l1ii> 8fv» 
Mid, lh« brat und f^iTihlt^t of 4tTiilA vaA liTtuf^iyirl hv 
nmKm tlio mo<t cnid &iid sf^iii. 'f^o nijcv of bction 
■nneDdcd Id tho lore nf liberty. LoYaJt^dtnrlftvrajrinto 
Mirrilil7. W« li>ok in run kmoiii; ih** kmcUiig jwliti- 
stjns ^ «illi9r ftkia $ur ttMdiiiTVv of jinnt'ij?!^ or tsrtn 
Ibr tliat irui|^ fid«litT la ynrty vrhirK in oar time it U 
MtodDod in^dnoDi to rir>]algu The inc^niaMiencir, ^ 
Mj. 4nd bsA^BMSi nliicEi die limli*n ooiutaiiilj pne- 
6»fd, whi<^ iKcir foUi>^iret4 ddiMif)«iI, Mid whtc}i the 
grv!ftt bodjr of kIm pAOpIo rt^riM, aa it «H^ms with 
lijttio ititft|iprab«tinQt afi»<«r m ibff pniu'rti ftj£i> mimuel 
iium!iliUe. In the Bffrof ClinrUv the Frrht« th«nr would, 
wbvlicro, IttTe cicilisl u much Aitoniibn^cfit. 

l£>n, b0wi>q«r, M Hlvityi tito umik AiuJ when t<t 
unHud tt d^ffivvQiM •pptmn bulwem two f^n^nUETiK, 
11 m urtftm tbu the Mluvon nuj b;t fbattd in thw 
awpftcttTg riroumtuncw. Tbo prinnpa) iiaxMioon of' 
ilie rdgM oT Clutltt ifae Scoand vm tmin^d dDnnf 
llie enrU w*r Bad the nrcJnliciTi!! wfaicfa fblkiwod n. 
flncb B pniiod ia ffniiwcitlv &vnuniK1r in thct f^wib oi- 
qtlk-k Aod Kiiv^ Ukfit*. It funm a f^Ux* ot' m-^n, 
•brvwil *i|ciUiits tnveotjve; of iiii.'n whcue dextcrhj 
triovplit OTor ibcT n£o*t ;>rEq]|pxiQ£ comhinalkin* of cir- 
cwn«tvio«it vrbvw pn««]j;iii|; in>tJnel tn> upu of tJi« 
liiim cm vjndv. But it i« ui airiinjfiiUoui acvMii Cbr 
cbv finn ukI mvculino Timua. Tbu ■*■*—"*« wbr 
•Qitn OR btt duwtr at mcli * tinio* cut fom no pirui> 



* 



124 uijyun coKitnix-nottAt Htttokr. 



1 



on llie lii^bfT fmiti of poUlicAl tcK^m. b(-rcav Iid rtn 

c&a aouly tU« tiotur^ or * i;oT«rmii««i« U la ovvrtufncLl 
Tlu! aAiL of Abjunbdn eouctt d«o on die oMh of td^- 
glaDOft. Tlic fl^Kicklion which v«* wWcribol ]r«rt«- 
dtf U burn«(l bjT tlt» htrgtnftji io-tUj. In tlio v^tkld 
the contUol eJily «ik<I chuif(iv «c^^pn»tfrf%iioti 
tlM tin^l ol^jiECl i>f lh« td¥afitiLnr. ft «« b 
hard fur ll]« tfilruii|;r-sl lii»d tu k«vp tlnelf ^rwn 
ia^ ffdilj' ill ^i"? olcfTi&l vhirL i'utlic wpirit u o«t «f 
liw qnoitittti* A hkxlly of pcnctjiv* wiihuot «)i«ch m9 
p«Uio Pun cya be vnuoont or ev«ci vfis h&oomm lotf 
contmcA 1o bo M«iKl«lotu ; ukd ibo wliola vition looki 
raolljr o» iiiMaACv* of ■|><«l*rv whxh wonli Monio ibo 

The htfUiry of rranoo mmo ibo UfvoluiMin 
0010 «ui|aii^ iUiulndkiiui vi Uihm ivamri&. TW 
»uu« aiJin wjA ■ Hifvniit of ll^ RvpnUic, of Bons] 
i>r 1^4 it tjju Ki^litLH/Eithi. <d Bonufw1oa|w<iaAtr 
ntuni frovi Elbot of l^«Bia4>uu aAtrr hit rvtam 
Gbcot. Yh oU lbo«o naiuAiU Uimmu by nn 
pocmod Id dwtmr hU JnJuwico, Or orrn to fii nrnjtmm' 
lUr Mtia of inkiDjr <m \m fluknrtrT. W^ to ba mw*-, 
dul iMt know wlul to nuke of kim ; but Itk cxwnlr^ 
iDOO did not ««(«B lo botlttckvH; mtid in truth thi^ 
)iiftd IiuId ri|{lit to be ■bocteJ : for ikcre v«s wia w fl j 
ojm Ir'rvnaiuvui diviBigiMbvd tin tbo ntio or in Uh 
uinj, who Iwd not, ucofdktg lo ilio Uot of Ui tebiMi 
toil nf^wTimtioi, onnktal tbo cic«m]il»< Tt wojt net* 
nnlt too* that thii ibotidd ba tiic rtso. 1 bo rifwUrr 
tad vioknco witit wh^h ebuij^ IoUawoiI cAian|c> In tbi 
nJibam of Vrmiuw towardi Um Hom of ibo lot nantw^ 
ki^ token KWf tko r*p*o»ch cf jftfiWukaiDc/, udsit 



nJotkv 



D 



iuLUJ<'S oy^nfrTJoxju* uistcst. 



5» 



dMT prindplc* of public nifn, and [ircKlur«d b maiij 
nmtb u f^nenj acrpci<:l>m anil iodi(i«rrnce about jkhn* 
dplci of ci>r«Tnaic-n:. 

ijf Ckirln Uit; Second viil diink hiiLntlf uulilivsl itt 
indol^ in «i)^ iVliogs of naldi^iial £uj>orii>Hiy uTtv th« 

£ir lc» roipeouWn nijvn thnn TalhiyriU;4 ; ini it Kv»u1J 
bv injntlici> i^viiii to P<]iir?M ti> rijTit|i\rv> htjji wilb luu* 
dctfdakh Kotliin^, iniitocd^ aui more cleaxly sbuw bov 
loMT rh< lUnrloTii i^r political (uonltlj had jUlcn m tliia 
t^Qiilry i'aitn Ujo fi^ifturK* uf tbu Emu BntUb MAtiMtucfl 

whom w« JsQvi; tiuu^sd. TLq guvvrDiiiQAt wjuilrd m 
ruJAui to rjin7 on iLtt mo^l alroc^oiu »jvU-m of mH- 

in r^xiirptlr I'rr^b^imftniAm hy J^tt and »n-t^rd, by tb<i 
ilrvwninig of KAiUk^n* by U*<^ frtgKtinl tortiirp uf l)>'; bf*or. 
And tbi'j fuutiil tiiiu HOi'jQg ihv cbuit* g| lli« rvbvU]*;^ 
tnd ihc Kiibs^cnbcn of ihr CV^TL^rikiit. Tlk^ r^ifxiuciao 
looked for a chlff Ur hwciij cbvui in ibv Uii4t tlijipimitr 
attnclu wcr ouuIl-. imdur thv IWnift uf tbu CvcftiiutinB. 
on any KnglUb adinfuulra^on ; utH ibcy nU^ioct ihf 
mtni-'ttfr wb'j luvl tJic ib»i'pcttt »bure iu ibu wTriiC ic£» nf 
ih«^CoDrtt Uie «ou] of ihc Cabal, ibe councilor vrlio 
ttfrl tbiit »p ihc Kv/^Wijorr niicl Di':^^^ ■' ' Hotrh 

Kar, Tbc tr!wlc poljtitul tIniTiiA wm nj -. .: nc cait, 
II lAiutjr cxf p^i* >^ (Itictfiil propricljr oC cban<tvr and 
atwuc^ could bi- fjaud in llui will and uovtirow 
kHctfuiiBilc. Th« vIi'jIl' vfEbi uKvli; up <J' uitnv- 
iguit tniisTunaAtJoDA Alii bur Jci^js^uc c^ntn^U ; Aibuirti 
imm^ Funiaiia; PuHumi ium<^ Atbdasti rvpubli- 
csM ddoadiqg tbc <£nn« ligbt of Kin^^ jirvdUtule 
riniru«rti cUukouring (or tlie libfrtica of ibc pu^lu; 
jui^gut >iidanL]ag Ibi; n^ of moba; p«lriott porlMtug 



^Mi 



k vorntDonU a mctioQ. But tie 
iuiAry u thcifc vihkh nurkc^d the n* 

vrvnl of prindpto in thr polTtiral 
»ite tnu iliorp fiil.'fily (^nongh to Tmk^ 

pnrtiv l»T>; <ift«i) Eawk* with Iub, 
orJor, if) flrm union, wIiTi unbtoipn * 
b1« toeuiA of &iiaojrvico, v(*n oiiuH 
V a cbnric took pkco ft tote 



ftiii) flftivnth f^cnlnriu, ^nilUlod on' 
batlli^, ill {\w wrvlc« <ir th« fxniqi 
9Toti4 oT it! rtonljr juttic* and 
pony codd ^ 1bQt>d to i«ke « ftrni' 
tmxn the wont oT OfipqeltloM md 
WIv-n. on rhvgn tt wild » lit 
1i« t04tjinonf (iif wTtf fSr* who pi 
Ia tN> tipim ft&d tnilon« and whom 
iem ta hare liMn »I«i Ikn And 
df jpvtU and brgtM^ (*».• l--i\'.\.^ 




OALLura ccHtsnrtmo3fAL HisroKT. 

dcHia«n«tAbin> what LAu^ijnk!i; und GrahMn liad mmlr 
ScotlwrU wben w«c llio wn ihoossiid Lrjik ic»yi of 

WrVVfv of Ui« Poliih nkalAl? Atl-foTTDTful to Joi^ro} 
oibtfi, lUiAhlr to *arrT ihrmich'^A, fh« rTi^nilici'^ of tli« 
two [>arim upprcHPcd ood were o^j]iroa«L munlpivd 
tuid wcrt; muiitcrvdr in ihtdt luro. , No lucid mt«rrtl 
Occurr«l betuiMa Uw fivitio poroxy^iud of tvro coutni- 

To llio frttquoni cluLtigoe of tho ^vcnimciit during 
iHo iwi-Biy y<^n which had prft^cUnl Ac Botomti'W, 
t]ii» ttDit«idinrai JA m A grent mnahunn in htt jUtrifantrd. 
Other caosN Wd aho b^[i at irori. Ei-en if t1i« conv- 
try hnd b^n ;^'ui-cnic«t by the Iioukc of Cromwvll or bj 
tb« ngBAiiv of (he Lcn^ Parliatnout^ ih^ eoitremo ui*- 
Urity of tbu i'arifans wuuJd nL<owainlj liavo prudnccd 
■ rvTviiUton- Toward* tht? <'lii«o of the rro:c^ionit4) 
iBiny slglM in&alcd thai a time of licefLu wn« at 
huvd. Bat tbc c^dtomtian nf Oudca tlie Sccxind 
rfiutwtJ tbo f]iang« w>.'jni]«rfiiTk' ni|>iii nnd violriii. 
ProAijIicy bnama a t«ql of (Trthu<h>\y Witvl Jojulty, a 
fjwilIfxMtioti fur raiik ftibd ofHcu, A df«p and ^ciMtraJ 
laiot iiif^?eli*d \he uonili nf ibv ouj^i iftfluvntul c^Ia^^ea, 
ind ifiiv-ftfl it^If throng ovtcy provuico of k*tt<fi. 

V'^TJ mflftmnj ilio pjistir-Tifl ; phitr^opliV Ui^li^rmtnod 
llifl pcincifjlM ; divinity il^lf, irimlcatiii^ ai3 abji^t rvv- 
rmofc for the Court, ptve «ddilianal dFrct lo tlii^ litmv- 
iiooiL ■■xsDk|de (if fij** OnurU Wi* Uxik Ii? vain for ihodu* 
qtiftEitiv* wbich Ivnd a c^iarm to the errors of Ijigli v^d 
At4oiit nalQDMi fbr th« gcnvrinity, liiu tvndemw, tbi» 
rltinlrcnitt delitiicy, wlilcli cimoble appvliM* into pa»- 
dontt ftnd ttnpart t^ vifc itnlf a portioo of tli^ m^««<y 
Iff rirtn^ The »oemc« of ihM ^ remind m of tlit 
c^ m ffui^ of fbolpMU, r0T«jl£iig wUli ihwi 



1 



Ai»th«r lamngwa thv mA Mwk 
iaw. A tiiml layt kn nmhuaU w 
W ed^nded hun. A knot <if 
•nj inltuuHkOA cOEobio^ to ptMli 

■tgna wliich iuul no r^umTAtlLin, 
kfed bfVfi iru^ would uuwr hfltv j 
■un of buuuor. A xlcod cbild it ft 

or perbp hy ChirW liijiu^ir 1' 
pond&rt Jifid hiiAboiu poawo n 

fkllcr ft brutal ji^ dito«cu U for tl 
iMeiabI/< Mod probabtjr of iu & 

ittg oJid iircariRg. The mititilm 
Uio touiidl-boiuO in nini!ng omu 
tilcin;; off «cb '^Ws j^tiuu* h 
ibe Ktn^. The Pvcn m a cixi 
ocJb«r 4sd lo b^ftr ci^Hnr^ and 



BjUJ-AICS OONBTrrUTlOyAL iBtTOn, 



Itls 



iMulfid tlimr inttuTDCo mrcT vvory other. Tho M^ond 

g«fioiiUk<ii id" tiitf sUaMiuvo of tb'ii r«>p{ii wara nvrtlijr 

^Ia uT Uitt rcbouU ui whicU thvy IiimJ btmi tnuucdf 

NfU. Ill no otbor age could nicli ft triflw ft8 Buc^ 
^Jiglmvi httve uxKfcivud onj poliucal uiHtiunce. In on 
^Mbcr age (3aut4 Ui^ patJi lu |iow«r ^d fi^onr hftiv bocA 
^Hproirn ofwti to tJitf uuiniMd iiiiiiBiM df CbuirhilL 
^B Tll« hUtorj of Churdiilt *liaiv!i, uioi^ cWrly per- 
liapi tbui thaU of «»j oUwr inditiihwl, ch« mali^itj 

bcAnof Um jubbc? monUiiy. An Kn|:iuii jp^-nlluiAU) 
of £nod Jkmiiy atuichod limaelf to & rrinco wbo hu 
toducud hia si&tu-, AiuJ acoe)>U nnk and «rtttlUi lui Uio 
Iftici.- of L^r iihamc and huL owi^. Hi^ Umh nfMja bgr 
uignuitud« ttie b«iieiiM iirtui:ii W Ka» pdrxhaMd by ^ 
Qomhij, boumy* iuJ pftuon ui a nianmir which tk? twst 
cao^^: <r4aaol iuctu». amd cuinnut* an «cl, Dot nalv <ir 
privatti UtocJivrw but of Jistmoi nuiiUiy di^MrugiL 
To Jiii c^ndue; ai tb« cnsii cf tliu Gitu id' Jutwn, &o 
MrvkQ Id inodiL^m uutca ]in«p u Itu u wb rwocmbw, 
bnnUboJ imj poinJld. Tlic^' <^:>lldlu■t of Ml^. aoHkdvU 
nna enough no doubc, u tlin rcry fnEiiiiiouvwK of 
lioi>oar ill Cviu|ian40n <jf it. Ttio |pr6dy of Arnold 
ApjiKMchva ii motl Dowly. In oiur affo uid aynnkry no 
tekaU, 110 Mirviooti no |iNrly aiucliiDunu. conU bc«i 
I lay nan op tiodcr axidi ni&uoliLui« v^ uifruy,. Yet, 
^wvii Ufon CbiuxhiU hod itrtioL^OK-d liiOM icrufttftciUoBi 
^^faudi m aomo dcvprue rudMui hit diftnicUT wiUi |«»> 
^Krity, Um Load lay rcfy l^tly on kinu H« liad oiheri 
^t atKioduuV t/k k<irfk Ium in <'jiiiit1tf«uftcab Godalphm, 
DrfixJ* Danbv, ilie truuti^vr ifnlifiu* tbv rmrgadn 
SuitdcriaBd, wore ail um ^f tlt« tame cku, 

Wh«n iuch ,wii dio j>oJtuc«J muruliiy oi vVu£ iwUk* 



Kb 






iA..«^u> oux«rji'i;Tu>»fAL 'juruKr^ 



ml th« vttJiby, it mkY <wlty b« co\eo]vfd thai tbnM 
prcdunSonu which, ovm in ibi« bmi tiiiwH, mm |>ii-ala^| 
iy JuMn b> isamtption, wi*ra m a (Hgbtful tt^to. St 
m tiMich OTil soch A bar Rnj^liutd Km bavm 
Junto, Scitifflpr JelTerie^, Nurlli, Wnjtlit, Stwyer, W| 
liuai, are to llut ibiy iho ipot* aikJ blaiijiltca uf 
lagd tftuoDiolw. DiRE»ritif; i& cmulitotlon iod in viti 
Atioii. wIioUmt Uwtorintf o<r ^npn^, whctltpr pt-no 
curing ProMilAllU tyr CaShoUc*^ llicy wcrv f^tikHj' 
nuprificiplLsl and InhtiEnA&i Thn fAn whieli ibit 
Church pb/ed wm ni>£ iv)«iii]tjr Alnviotu i bit it 
hikTo bm «r3ei|utiiitilv fliv#rti(ig to * «?ol|pf. N< 
«r«n< FdBcr|>l«4 M lotiillv p cofcorf, anil ao slnm^vMilj 
tbftiidoMd. The Rf^ praro^iriTv ha4 b«tii 
to tho ikJM in ihtolot^'tt] w«rfa. The ijtictitn* of 
i£ve i>l«(i>riic» had Wn pr«rht<<l fro« inmtBMniblt^ 
polptli. Tba UniTnTtity of Oxfbvd had Mnconcftt ihc 
work* of Cho moil modontto dOiwiitiHkmAliila Ut thi 
Awnn. Tht! ac nniiiirm of a C«lhiiiii? Kin^, the fright* 
Ad ctuvltioa rommitftfl in tko wwi of EngUw), n«v«r 
diode the stta^ IovaUj of lh« dor^v. But did lh«7 
aarvatho King for two|^it 7 IIcIvlE bi» tiaeid on ih* 
tnd thtf ntmd him U> hi« Uots. llv kiur|*«l the 
lilio ^r K «k>ile(:o Abd ihfl lilMctv of «i>ni& prektm i 
iho whole pfdvuion vcft up a y^ wonlry uf H«|A 
Pattra hoiMir. Oxibrd wiii h«rr |ilai« 1a an tmrsjiir 
widi iBore &Ueriij- thui «h0 li«d %h<nm wh^n Gharita 
Ibn Kina rt^iMHAtd it. NoUiing wnn *aWI aUrat tha 
mi:kifdn«n of miMani^ till nsi'laoi'e liaij ttane iti 
porlutill IIm utointied vkt^'^jt r JIvnTOTi Iiftd Ihm 
irivvn away, and tiL it had bur fiDit plain dial he ««alAH 
QOTwr bo n»torvd, or wonU hi nwtnrvd ai 1t««4 «adn^ 
itiici UmJiAiiotuL TV ci«rgy vrooi hw::k, Et nnat ba 
omod, to thair old thaory, aa Boon m tliey EDund 4aa 
tf voold do tbfm no han&- 






i 



■ALLAN'S coxsmiTJoiCAL msrusv 



521 



It it pnndpdlj to tbe gaD«nd b»vn<M tnil i>rolH> 

liigh tvpunukm. He v», iJi «vory ro()[4^, n man 
unfit Ibr IkU fl^o. >t oiic« too jc"^ ^ ^^ =^<1 <^ l<*d 
foe it.' HcfCcntDd to be wir. of |lt<^ imni^t^r^ nf Elijn> 
bflUi, ifanftplnntftJ it onrv lo n htHt* of ^wwiv irii^ifly 
dijfvivnt IVviD thut in whjoli tliv nbiEiiits of such numv- 
i«rB h«l bocn s«rvic«Altlu* In Uio >dx1«e»lh cmtury, 
tb« Kojrd ptfvtvgitirQ liad warwly Ia?u okUpJ bi quo*- 
tkon A MinUtur ^ho \i<M ic higli wn« m no ilnn^Etf^ 
19 long w hA> u^t'i! Ti ^dL Tlmt aitAcJiaii.mE u Uw 
Crown, thAi i^xtjTtnc jmlotitjr nf itopnliir «itr«wii- 
iwnU, thftt lovf^, h»\f it^li^]iyM hnJf politica}, for lh* 
Dburcb, wliicli, frum Iti'- buiimtiiDft of liiv second fe« 
iiuo of Utt L^i^ i'ulioiDCitt^ kIlowcJ iUvlf ui Clum- 
do0, 2nd wUicli bi« oufTiMriiit's Iiia luitg nvulfiiie^ £o 
FnuMWi uftd lui liigh sCatioii iii t})u j^vemmtnL itrrtd 
to MmigttiQB, woi^ct, ft hanilrod vcant onrli^T, have tt- 
evMvi to him the fiivciur of hia ftui'crui}^ wii?:uut ren- 
dcnng htm chlinita to tho pcopb. lib jif»bitt\ lu« 
CAtTCi^i:)'^ ilk prnTAt« Iif(>, Tiin dorrrnrj f<f dr^porimnnt^ 
«iid Iii* f^n^^ra] nljilttr, wnuJil n^^t huve imiabrcfniw ■ 
coJicB^g <£ WoIdiiL^hftm uui BuHdcjb. tiut, in llio 
toe« DO wliicb bi' T^BS c&att Ua «rron HAd iu» tit* 
luci wtT^ ttlikc onl of pl&ce. Ho impntonud men 
wUlHWt U'aL H« w!ta ftcoiMd -jT ntist^ unlftiHul 
roniaiblitiofu on the people fiir tfu* support of llio 
mttny. 'tlin alKiiition nf ihr «c't irhii^li fnnnyil ibt 
ft»^ i| gnt buMiQi; of PArliuMtrnla w» one rif Id* &V)ur- 
kc i>bj«clf. il« nt-cm* 10 luivc mcdibited tbv rrvivftl 
uf iho 3t4r dumber and tbo High Coiiunia*i<4i Court. 
Su ani fbr tbe pivro^tivQ mada him aopopular ; bui 
U cmM Dot iccaru to bim tW fkrour of b tonstor tiu 
oi'tf^ dttirooft of «ue «"! pluaja» than of povM*. 



VA- t 



A 





Cbftrtn would mW brn> lj?<ed bi mile ftsH pri 
/ftcy, wltb aLaikdaniv of acacj. % onwci of oiinHl 
to Ainiiic bio, ftnd ft tcatt oe' im>cr«i««tf, Uinti hi 
pirrhMn4 Um >)m}iii« dominkm nf tbfi wrorid !>i- ffai 
^rivatiocu and cxrrtioQitt lo wbicli Clarendon Tvat 
ilantlj^ uTi^iiig him- A connraiJar w]ti> waa nlwvril 
bingin^ kim pi|Mn and kitIzi^- biin adriee, and wl 
iioutly rvltiicd u> oomptimcnt Lwt^ Ctitttftiftaine 
to curtj musnpn to Mi«m«B 8lrwvt mmb 
DUirQ luiirfiil t4» kim than «r«r Crocnwvdl bad 
I'hiin* mittiiktfvd hjr di« podpio a* an opjirvnnr, by 
Court aa ■ cgnaor, Uir MriMtiqr Ml Avon htn hi^ 
witb a ni'in more wtcnt and dcstmccive than cosld 
«Tvr hava bwA hM &!«, if ba bad vitliar roipcolfd t^ 
princi|>lu« of tb« Conatitmiaa «r Battered tlia vi<MB ci 

Mr. Halknt baa femad, wa ihlnk, a moat Mvmt' 
Brtimate of the c1ianet«r and adnnnnilTatioB of dar* 
aodn. Beit ]i* anarcdj mtkvt a tnfllcMnt dhnfuj 
Jbr tbtf w«nr and Um- wJi»f?b liaa«aty alaioat nt 
n\j ivianu m iba frietkai od* poUticaJ lit«i, and wbir-b, 
id lini«« to ruuKh at dittW tbroogfi vJiidi Clai 
iMMdt nutft be Tcry anwdMBblc W1i«i) tin 
frirlj eaiUiial«d, wc lUnk ikal bin inlegritT inaj 
iHoarfil la pam innat«T, A hijfh-«itn4fid man h? t^i^ 
Oinly w not, citbcr in public of m privaie alUn* 
Mix own Kvqvut of bii condoci In iba aOAr of hd 
*n|;hl— M tho no«t «xmordtnsTT p■a^^:v in a<tl^ 
biograpliT. We oaoapi notbing »v<« in iba iUm^m' 
Ami nf Ronvean. SoYanl wrilcn liawa mkon « 
porwrtM and abaura pndo in fofiraaffnttn^ cbaQmltv^H| 
udolaabUdai bnt iKi<itiiffr««<er laboan-l faonl lonMlw^ 
himself dspiralila and nda-'uWa. In cnw iai|iaRnnl 
panimlar damdon ab^wad a* tittla r*|prd to 



« 




^^^ 



1 



lULLAU-H co^rmimoKjvt. imTi^iir 



r.3 



•cmour of \m <^muitrv u ho hod aliovm %a thai of liai 
hmilj. He MnpUd ^ cfibirtdr from Vr^r^ Tor tlie 
relief of FdrUga]. Rtit tliii iu^imI of obt^inii^ 
ABoocy WMA Kftfrvmnlt pnifik««d to & mucli grratvf 
exivit, nnd for nl^n^ laitdi ka r««itecu!b1tt, butli b^ 
tb* C<nirt mud by iht? Opfioaltlon, 

Thotn pocunmrv tnnmaioii^ 8IV» commo^lv rOMfd* 
CTvd u ib^ mi:^t dia|«nL^aI paft of tte Iiialorr of tliW 
Ikno ; nnd they were nn dnuta hipMy rvf n^lwR«[1i]f;. 
T«t| in jUHit^ to rtio Whigt and to Chirle* himsetf, 
w nnifit ftdmil Hue thnr wm* not to tlumirfut or 

feet of vMenl unimoiriuA butn^eeii [mrlJiH fiju ftlvmn 
horn on iaiEflenmee to the gimtrml wt^llkre and Itonotir 
L df llie SlAic A politician, wLcre foclivtu ruti liigb» 
BfiplfttrrrAtj^ fiol for ibu whole |]4hj|'U\ hui for lib own 
^VrtiiHi of ic Tlif tval otv, in hiK ti^v, ami^rtv^ 
vaem»e«, ar niUvr pintM, Tli^ itronjcnl Bv^ixioo 
whicit \w run fivl to any fjn'l^i ^>wur %t the anlaijr 
of friendship, wlieu coia|iar^ with tJi« WUiing wliidi 
1l9 Minrtdiiui toitariiit tho^e docucttic fo«« xiiih wbuin 
h^ fe eooi>ed up in a lurrow «piu^, with whom bo livM 
IB A fwitftnnt h*l4rTcitui|^ nf fietiy tnjurlos and inndtta 
uid frocn whAiTiLi iti thi^ iky nf thiir vaorMk%j he W to 
«cpvc1 ■vvmhirt (jir b^nnd any tliAt a cnoi|tii-r^ fntan 
a ili*«anl covinrry wotU'I inflkr 'Hium, tii Greece^ it 
Via A potnt 0/ bonotrr for a ottn I9 cl«v« to Jiifi pwt^ 
Apwifl III* eT'itiHry- No nristoctmtioA] ckucn of SnmiM 
or Goivyn would liat c lufatat«d to cdl ui tiM aW of 
I^M finatiin. The mnltitQde* on t)ic oontnn't looked 
VVM^wliOfir lA AiHmlv. Tfk th<^ Italijm «Ui!f^ ^ thtf 
flunevntli and fbortei^rith ctrtirorir^, from tlw- um* 
ttw, ivo man ws> to oiDch a Pi«ui or a Fforenlinc *i 
GUMioe or ft GotJf It ma; be doaUed wfwiliic 




iUijaMfl ouxt riiL't lONAL uurttti* 

then wiLs ft single iii<iividiiiil yrha ni^uiJ ha^t itcxui 
Bo fftisc bu put; from ft Hfti« of dcjjrvi^iun, lijr u|>e»» 
hljt thfl ffiU» of licA n«tivfl cit) to ft Prvnrh or ft» 
Arragnncw force. Thq Ri.'li>nn*1>un, divijiu^ tlaM 
rvtry Eiumpwi luuiitry into two ^rU, jivotUio^ u«h 
Utir pfTvL-tj^ llw CdiIiuIic «n too >£txaig fix iW 
£ogIUiiniani i)i4» llugui-jiot for tho EVracbauiL- Ylv 
Protwi&nt vuiraineci of Sct^Uuul auJ Fnuioc nlU 
m the ftjil of EliuLic<h ; nnd U^c FopUu of tlie LragM 
bmu^t ft Sponitli *rmv iiito tLe vi>ry WmtI of I^'^rftiwA. 
The comnotioa* la u-ltich ihe FTondL Rvirohiiuia f^mvft 
nc wore followud hy tint uiii» C0M*r^u>pr<«- 
Bc|itibl»mu m v^i-'iy }m\i uf Europe ^trn cufEOr 
toij tliu BmiM* of i)ic NatL<jinttI CoiiT<jntian «iul 
Directory ftftpoar aiiu>ng than, ftbd exulted m licAftHi 
wlikh dlttnMacii and humblai tliiMi ivliofu ihL*y 
dilrivd Ai iMr wxnl tfii*'mii^ IJirJf 'rini i-vWn. 
Tl^o ]>rinr*» iiid nobles of Fi-uicc, on tbcolhcr hft 
did llieir uimoit ui brliig forvign iftT«iJw> to 1': 
A vvrv •hurl Udm Lr* «b4)»wl uiicv tli« Aposlolksl 
party in Spain intvkoJ» loo «ocon<fiiltj-, tlw vvpfiart 
of *tnirig«w. 

Thv ^Tvit contetft ivbkJi ni^;c!d i» Cftgbnid i 
die wrnto'Dlh rcatary i^rlin^ti^hcd, na4 indc^ 
thft \fAy iiT thi* [ini|']?, but in th»c cl 
woro (not ftctivoljr vngagcd in poliuc*, iJuio«t alt na- 
tioiml fvoltDgv, Chftrlw the Swunil aud luany uf }m 
eourtjcr* hod pawsl a larfpc pari uf their livua in han^ 
UiBusa, fiviae on tlio Uiuntj of l^nugu 
•oBciibg fon^ aid \it rcotaUuli nanftn.-bj m \ 
lkadT« oatmtr^r. The Kln^'i own broibor bail f^ 
in FlsiniWrs unJvr the bartnfn of Spatn, a^jitt 
Snglisb amuei. Th« opprtiid CamUcn in E 
itaatijr lookW to tb* LouTrt and tb» Kiciral 



whk^ 




nALtJllCft L-OX^TlTinVOXAI, HOFTun. 



5ffi 



UlTttwo* mid rv^^en^- CJ;irviuJuii ci;nwirM tii^ cou* 
tinoula] i^vcnuiLccit* with fTxai bitkaiicvi ibr noc la- 
Ecrfmftg in our mUrnal d/AtcikooniV It \x n>i nrang^, 
lUtvfrcfi, tlut, Kioidit tbe funoQA ooiitoAU which &1< 
li^A'i'd th^ ItuKtomliaR, the violcn^Ms of ^mty fi^rlin^ 
tiiouM pi>"lucu vducte hhbch wouJU piMbiibJjr Imtv i^ 
ttfudi-Hl it VTvn in wi k^ Ium diEtttii^uukUed bjr Ujuly ol 
pHiioiplo nnd indciicacy of M^niimen;. It vm not dU, 
B imtural dtaLb h»d uxttmanwd diet paraJjUu old nge 
of the JjLColfitc fhirtjr ihnC the uvil w» comji^HcIy at 
AA i^d* TIbO Wliii^s ]^ti^ loohod to Hi>ll^nii| i)iu Hij^h 
Todfii to Fninre. The former conoludcd the Uurici 
Treaty ; the JmUr onlr^^t^ii ihft Cuixrt of V«(MilM 
Iv NSid liii vxpi-iliLioii to i^tv^lami. Munj mvu who, 
lww«rt!r urronoom tbdr |H)li(ica] notiiHU might bo, 
rera DntfaCtAUOTiablv bouourablo m pQTute UTi;^ so- 
cep1«d mojicj witUi^al ocrupto fn^ni th<3 Jbivrlgit ptiiiixcn 

NeT«t vr&9 ib«n'e loi* of aauui]«l ft^linjt amoi?j; (he 
lii||)bBT onkn than Uuring tho cci^i ot' C'iiarlu Uw 
S^coihI. That Prluci-t oil tl>e oiio «j4i\ ibuuf^U U 
bnUcr to he thu deputy of an bUoIuIc kjn^ tiiaa thi* 
KlDjg of A frwt pooj'liv Algomon Sj^tiiji on i^o 
tftibrr lian<l, wotild gludly Knvo oiilcJ Fnuico in all 
boT unhtllnuft ^rhomniL, mnd have 51^11 Kii^lajkd n^ 
locod 10 tliv c<.iiuliui.]» iif H prDvtni'i/, tn the tnlii hope 
vlut 1 fbnrign do*pot would mmit him to aitiiblitb his 
dftf ling r«|iubljc. Ttjo Kiog look tJiu niou«y of Fmiic* 
Co sniit lum m thv uitcrpruu which ho mirdjtttud 
■^■imt thu liboriT of hii mljocUt ^tk u Btl]« uri^b 
« I^fdoi^c of Pnn^ ogr Aloiand'^r of RuAift ncrcptod 
•or luluidieA in tuikc 1^ wtr, Thi^ Icftdcn of the Op 
fonlioQ ao mor« tltonj^ht iIii^duvIvm diij^rnrrJ hy t\%t 
^^ent> c4 Lvwb, than « ^entlemaa of our own 1>im 



bitb 



lULLAllS rox^TITCnOXAL HnTOflT. 



tlm 



tliinks )iin»olf dit^rvcd hv the lib«nilrty of jiowirlU 
ifid i>^t>ir mnnbcT* of \ti» f^ny wlio pty bi« c1«i> 
ti<iin ball, i'ho mtwHTV *hich Oip Kin^ rccehwd &«■» 
Fniiir** hrtd bwn txr-sjHy *«nplftyM *n tnrrnjti tneniben 
of PftHivnctiL Thr cn»riiu« of lli« cooirt nii^fit tliink 
it Mr, or vt^eii abcoJuIcTj' iioccssntr^, to «ncouixUf 
bri]>vry whh bribfrrr. Tbw di«<v Idok die Prvndi' 
gmtnitk% lh>r nvcdv amon];: iTtvm for their own ox-, 
ill* ritli probably for Uic gf'nrr*! |ii)r7in«<4 of tlwl 
pftr^, widiMit Mtj- srnipltf. If we conpftn tlielr' 
cnmlnrt tine vrrih tKit nf ICn^luK fUiAnfftm in o«ri 
own thnc, Wt with tlittf ijf jiTTWHiit in tbtne f'xHjpi 
eoimtriv whicli nro now ntimtctl ta BngTniid 
irftsi wv bIuII pn>UibTv 4ee r«a»(jn to ftbnte soi 
nf the K-vcntjr of ce wu re with whick fl hu 
the AdhioR to viidt ihmc prococdingi. Yrt, «l 
Crerr tllovjiicc- !■ niwLe, tti^ tnLnMirtnfi u iaffia«vil 
oUbnuvc. It u utk&clcTj to find that Ixirtl 
•ten^ &«« fe)m vtiv irn|itf]ii}on of p»vois] partidp^: 
tkin in die tpoiL An ttge k> iriibTftbfT p>ar in ftU tb« 
moral ipuUttcs wluch rtnd^ public cbars?in« reAf>oet' 
iblo oin ill ajiNre die credr; whioli fi dmrtA fmin a 
ifuui, ik;ri bad^ onM^iiciKKUL fer t«1»nti or kibowled;^ 
birt ni^f«t even in hb wrcff*, r«ijiMlable m er«y 
rcLitkin at lift, ntior^illj^ piAtit, m^^ilv and pUddHf 
br«r». 

The pnt ii iip ro % ' e pii j nt wlurU took piM>f in «v 
breed nf public men U priaHfally to bo nwribod m 
&o Ib^Tohition. Tet £>jat mrmonUo mrftt, In ■ grrat 
moutm*, took ft* dttrnrtpr from ibo rrty Hrtt wttkb 
It wn t}j« m^vnt of rrfrimiinjc. It v&ii iflniriylljr i 
uppjr r^volutinn, %ad t owful roWijikin : bul it 
DOC, wLat it hm ofUn bmri ixUed, K glortcau rvroItitMB.] 
Wi)1iafQ. uid Wilikra sloio. limVfld j^ory Ai 



lUIXAMt COHSlTTttlOXAL wmOKT. 



nsn 






i« irinmction irs«, m olniODit 4rvnrv parti dnciVilItAblQ 
k> fit:|-kiiJ. TbAt « tyrant who Imtl vioIiU«rt the ftin- 
duncntal kwi of tlic counlij, irho ha'l ftttjickod thr 
n^bi of im graAioat corpo*iLlIi>n«, who )iAfl bo^n M 
pfTMrrute di^ atablL^Nl rt^l^on nt 1h« «UUDf who ha^ 
er re3i|>oclnl l)w bv dlhof in hU knpvroiitioii or in 
ivv«n^ coolil not bi> pulM <k>wn wtiti-jul lli« atd 
of t fbn»^n ftmiy, i> a otrciuimlvi^ not rvrf piticfiJ 
10 our MtiofiAl prklp. Vet thU U <))a IvMt deeding 
psrt or Uiv ttury. Tin; fihoiticfcsf inMiiaceritj of thtt 
fptai and ncil>k^ tl^r wArm antimuKvA nf ^tti^rtd «op- 
puH which Jmu* rt^rpiiiwl, dn-xti to t1i« rvomdit of 
gMMvml do«ertioTi, uidii-jitD ft mrAnncM *tt itptnt uid 
■ JoMCiMW <if uioralliy iiuini ilif^nwritl <■> th« agv. 
That tbo «(itvqir]Be iiuiccowl<:tl, «t Jeut llial il mC' 
c^vIjhI withnin bJ<imlili0d or cfommMJon, vm priAd- 
|3ft11y t>^iiiji lu un Aid of vmgrBLHii] jK^rf dv. btk-Ii m nu 
soUbr hvl cvrr bcfbrv rinmnifttCMl, aikd in thourinoii- 
straifti fictions ruAp^'C^lin;! iho liirth of the Prince flf 
WftJoi whii?}i p^nont of the highest nnlc nvre not 
MhuMd to circiibto. I'l aU th« pnjceoiUn^ of 1h» 
CQtiT«ntii>n» io tho cuiiff-rvacv pttrtkularlr, «« *^ thi^t 
UubnvM of loin^ whioh » iho dil^ rhnrojeimtcic of 
tliMe. The naulntiofis «■! whlrh iheiw<:- Houma 
lAftt flgTM^ WATv ft* hftd fts ftnr ranlniii^iii Inr m a^ 
lent A ptirpo«e etiiald b<^ Tli«ir fMIe nod fvinii«- 
^dDCj UnipiH^o im evldorttl/ mteaOed to n"^ tho 
1 of thu Tiirin, wTiu wvev mIiarii^ t» tnum* what 
ere no' ftibftiDEd to do, Thiou^ Oia wIm'^t 
lU- comiDattclLii^ tftJvnU wt.fo dhfiiuyeu fay 
ijr Eoj^iUmian : iM uiiiiordiiiftrj 6ikA yrtn ran ; nu 
rif^r'A w<>re iiwL- Ttr the drJivcrftneo cf the l»tiet^ 
pi the Micri&c«whi«h Chuivliill tnftikor hononr 
inri AlKW of ttalUini afiectkb. 




n wi» in cotdo mcuo IbnoMt*, « wnt havo hUca^j 
»ir], £>r the Church of Englftod. iLli llu ftdbnnatks 
til tl^ii rounvrj wju dCcdcil hj men irho carvd tiUk 
■ buul r^l^iuii. Anil, it* Oio Mcno nuimart it wii , 
likrlirnatu ibr our civii ^can-rEimmt litftt Uiu Ki^vt^ fl 
ItlUou wiui ill A gmt uMVunj efTocti^ by tncti wba ^ 
oirvd lUtlv uibuut ibeir fjolitico] iiHndplca, At suck 
a rrw, »plc[idii{ talcnu and tfrong ptUMocu mi^il 
luve (luii« uioro liana thun gcxxL Tbrrrs w&i tiir 
I^Airr rco^u to fiHT tJni too mMh irmild ht i^ 
tottjiiad, anJ that viobot isotmumii* woul<i pMj^^H 
■B oqnoiiy viutepi rettction, ibu diat loo IiiUi: vooH^ 
b« don« jn iljo wat of ehflAgv- But immwauv oT 
tnt«Ui9Ct awl ll<jJul)iJity of pt^idplei llmitU ibey mmy 
be ibrriociablc. nan ncrv be nii|N>ctabb!. 

If itt Uia Rovolmj^ii itielf tbora «m lilt}o dint am 
properly 1m cnTtwl KlomniA, tktwfi wav atill 1mi in 
uvoiUi wtib:ri ^'l>1Iowc«L In > ckurch which had ai 
cmc oMn dvdkn!il tbo di>ctniio of iv^utanco unchri*- 
lian, only rour hundrvd pvnoRsi rc f btd to lak« Um 
uuh of alh^iart'u to a guTVTiimvDt Ibiinded du nvbt- 
mce. In iho preceding gtBcrailan, both tha Ept 
pal aiui Uia Prwbj'Unan tkr^t nilwir than « 
poinU of cooacieKw iMt mrw importanV had 
tbnr liiriag* bj UiMuand*. 

Tlie cliiireZuiMvu al l1i« t^me of the Rwofoikim 
cidod Uutr oottdnct br all thoM profli^au aopb 
wUaAi AK CttOed JMuitical, ami which arv froainottlf 
nckoaod aaoog th« proitiar nim of Pofior^, bc^' 
vlikb hi face aro trvery vhora iba anedynai aiplojef 
by nupda imtbcr taUle than ttrong* to <|critft lh«r 
mtomal IwingM which Ui^y caanot but f^a) and wkiich 
Iboj will out obuy> Aa tb« oatb takan bv tba 
m IB tbo laotb of ihau- pria^ati to wai iMr ««» 



di 






L 



fliLLtu's coiesTrrrnovAi. nnroRT. 



6US 



inn In ^0 icrdi oif lh«tr oatli. T}tt\r cf>ai*lten\ mtchW 

UtiOTU aj^n^t di^ GovtrrnmoTLt to nhirTi thry li»r| 
iwtura fiiWliijr bnkii£lil r n^proflch gu thcti' uritcr sitkI 

trru|H«4j to uty ihiU tho ntpid iiiroAw ^^f iididtilny M 
^^»t tim« viut {irnKnpaLTjr iiroduccil by tbo dv^pMl 
^B^b tbs fiiiihliM conduct of \tl« \t^^rcn i>xcii«d ht 
^tmtm not fuffirfrntly ™(iriM or jtuliciom to iB»r*nj the 
^falftiMiHl of ihfE 'jrvLcrn (imid>t tVm vjrf^ of itfl m^nial^rt, 
^B But IKa rvftrOAcli ma not coritinpcl to th« Chtirril. 
^^a t-vnry prtliticml pfttt^i ni tlip f aliind itjcM". diipGcit^ 
aoil |)xHliijr 4l)Oiaii40aL Th« v^r^' infii wlioiQ AViHiAiA 
looiiod viib bunvfiu aiul in ^^Iilxq lit; r cp ^i wl most 
I conililonco, with lik ioaln oT ^^ce in thdr londi, kept 
ii|)« corr<iq>oriden«* wiib tlic cxil^-d fiiiitly. Orfrvd, 
Lftftb, ftiid Stircwflbuty ^prer« ^Jltj" of t)iH nrUoii* 
UtnrlMW. KTm Dnrnndiire » nnt aVtCi^iTt1ii>r FrM 
froen ULfptnon, It nviy wi>ll b« roncviv^d tliat, al viKh 
M tiiiu?, fitrh H iiaturv b^ lluit of MnrlbiTiifu;^!-] iwould rio* 
in Uiu vtfrv tuxiify of Uuoi^v-, Uih rjrriivr Irvnoti, 
thonn^y feniifthed vitb dl tlut luu^tt infiiQiy «xqbl 
flu, pkc«d him undor ihv diudvAnU^ which >tt«r*d« 
tPttrj oitiit frocn the iIdm ihat ho produces a muior- 
pooce, Yot hu soc4md gr«t «tn>k<; i»y cxi^ilo wander, 
«vvn in thnv who tppivruio all tho tnnril nf ili# fimt. 
Lv^ hu admirm ikould Im ablifr to ny flt^t Ml tbf tJoitf 
«f Uia R«vo)utto!i ho bftd bvtm^cd bit King Irom tny 
<tlwr tkra vtJlUli nu-tJv«c» h« pr(H><«ds>d Ci> batny hii 
UNtntry. Hit timt inivUigciicv to tku Fmxdi eoort «f 
t fi«cret GxpedhioD uttciidod to atlark KrvO. The 
MiweqiUfin? mil tlut the eK|>cJiitoQ ftJlnl, uAt! thai 
i^ajg bt hnndrrd Rri'ith lolilim iMt thrur lirts from the 
feMMrnkmed TilUiiy uf a Britikh g<«k0T*l Tri thin nun 
^^w beon cwcmticd br ftn auny «miD«fil vfitcn thai 



UALLAit'S C<;JlSrmniCWAt mirTOBT. 



to fptak of kim «4 lie dcMrvo* nuj amm acaicflt^ 

DOfflt. 

Ttie nisP ^ Wiili^un tti« Titira, v Mr. liallw 
bB|i^jr »Nj>, M-utt tho Nftikr of Uw ivtiuual |inj^>nrit]r* 
It wiu alto ilio Nftdlr of tho nauouvl dimwrtifr. Il 
>irw» Uio liiUii; vtIil-o tins raiik turvwt uT vkv« «own do*- 
ii^ lluHp/ y uftTft «f licuMiourtnon md ixmibuon wm gilb^ ; 
orol in ; but U W4i abo ^ Mcd*tima uf grokl 

Tbi? ]ir<;«a wu eaki«dpat«ti from ih« esMonkip 
lAa lino B«va4iLtian ; and the Uorcrrkixtcnt immi 
.fiJl wiiVir lb« c«n«arthi|i of tlie yrtm^ StAttmun 

wrrtiuiiy tu cuUure v>)udi itM «vi-ty iky Umxiiujei^ 
»jn ud more K^anu Ttto wima* vioti^aov oCopis-^ 
)dci« ulttt*d. Tbv Wbign loutiMl awdantaja In udbeviV 
(Im) TortvA Icuned 'lie pnniriptc* of Ubortf si off^ 
tion. Tbe i^nkt ^noM citnitAntl/ ■|)p n tti m > t iA 
ftfUti iQ«l« MowtiHUM croMed vach otbtr. Tlicov wwi 
ttcouioiul bnivM of tmiUqco ( biU, fropa tbe tim« 4/ 
tl»* Rovoliiciuii, tbc*« UinlA w^r* ccaut«iiilv bccoaii 
loH aod lam lttnUv>. Tbo •i^radlT witii <*lii«ti tbfl 
TofiWt ^^ ^1^ '^i<J*<' ^ ^>c rwigu of Adiw, Irvitod 
of those wlx> Inkd dirookd pciUtc mffiuiB dunne lbs 
of dw (iniul Alliojicc* EUid tLfl n-'talulor^ iiKAdurw 
llw AVlkigs aAiit (lio uoe«»fm of Hvk Uttuv 4/ Hi 
'tiv?r. c4nnoi b« ju»ti6ftd ; bol thcj vep." by no 
iu Uitt ^jJ(- >^r tJio irirutbt<ii fKitioi, nhoM >U« n Mlil 
[^KudiNH iud 4li*gtvv«J wu ZiAtucy luwaxda lb« dow <tf 
llw ragn cf Obirl» ib« Socond. At tin fidi gf Wit 
fioltt Cur gNihtvr DDMUmikn «bi dbf^layo^ And bvoi 
tlial tiiu^itbubMs tl)c pndice,* pnuTtiouikol Ai^ictly 
iCconUo^ t« the ikvarj of ow Oxutinnioii, bai 
tto«t wJuurj, 10 AMttifipr tlio Uiu of otto** aiwl 
^nl>li<? d»iApfr*i^Man> «• pviiuhia«iito MifficionA 
m«n in )i>u ■iluoaiiimiott Mt ipipataUB t« 






Av« (X>?(«nTL-ncuiiJ> iii»rubr* 



Notliing, vet buiivTU, hivt cojitfiUitol mora 
ii» icmij Ur misv tW tli < \- ' ot^ pnl^riiz inntu 
lioa I> of iUttIf A gjLUi« ii.:.: r I,. H h^t/^ilvLu un<l 
tl/ ilo^ to mfl«mv Uic piL^gekni WLLlwQt adJiiiif 
Hji Jift^, and liberty ta liio aUilic. Wlicro do 
[UO* sd (lc;f^jcrai«lx ^^U u in liio «c-^«ntoiTnlb 
pp, honour lA n an end. Stftte^mfSi, irtfteul of 
[ji* thfjr >ihoDU) br, %t onc4 niiM vid »tfftd}% ato 
|« Ccroduua jujJ iuo^iiuji^iit TIil- ilxh a for tvm 
I tlieir uyejL A |K)|>L;Ur outcry wiujcIuaw on* 

■ ibum, ikiid XJiiwtJjoa4 iiuikiM thvni d«|Kir»(« ; it 
I theju [/> QTiu-uclJij votrnfilionuw, in* Ui niMMutt 
pgcflncc Bjk cruel a^> lho«c which ih^y hnvo mxicin 
j^L A ?k|ii;uUT ill (wr tim4!« ii^l^I nol fiAi 
1 19 bo Htid or lo bv icctdfoL <>mr did piJiry bi 
ncppcl vhju u^ ahhiin] ]i« tliAl uf i\w kin^ in iho 
|ni Uk' w^u pnickurivU that «n^ pl^yiimti vJio 

f,, uigbt come to ooati vnd j>mcnbc for liw 4U»- 
bu; iJiat if tho KmiodiuA fulvd ilio wWccnlw«c 
Ion but head. Jl U v.-^y to (ViKvivo bow noiajp 
would rc^^M 10 uiidcriaJw tbo catv on mcIi 
; Uow much the- tuito« of ffXTmn-.' dftOj^er 
^uf ihc pi^ci^ptioniv *nd ch>uiL thv mU3ll«cl« 
pnutiUou^Ti Hi tbu vvry orku whkli Ao»t caUod 
'poMwion, [tiid hovr «tr^iiE hit U<iii|kUitiDfi would 
I ho ioMmd lliat b^ htvd cixnBtitwd a lluncior. lo 

■ ibv c>u9M:qu«neo» uf it by poEMning h^ poihiH. 

; in £ict ii would luri> bo^ impftaiblc, nnci? tbf- 
nljAn, 10 puTilih nny ^lini^l«r for th^ gcn<Tr>l 
I ^ hii policy^ whh tSo idi^bim ««ntbhuM)D of 
H fvt biU'v thai IJiuv i»i^ Minister hu bcvA abiir 
sua viy K<'"<^^ i^on« uf pulky without ihu hji- 
ijn of Iho F&rlbnKiU. Tho >nu«t imp'jotiai 
tlMi grafttehftn^ wwe. ■« Mr. lloUoio bs 



I 



I 



and liio oUrg]', wer« rJiongvd into 
Hglit of rv*iiton4w. In the thtory 
%\tt Mlufttkn of the Tot-im, in iho ci 
all pablic mf^, tlie I'^rliuumiarr < 

IJuoM- of CavnunuL, in pajticnlnr, 
OTi ihe incwMi, Sinee tuppliiv hav^a 
Bbort tctina and Bp|*rcqkriatixJ to 
■pproboCion of tliu Houi^ bai bocii 
ptadjcc to thi? citcrntive wlntmni 
«Mj« been in theory to tAiM and lo 

Ur, Itallant appoirito have 
of lltnry iba S«vmtli. u ih« 
oilM nodona hlatorr, iii conin 
tmy «f tho niildk AgisK. U gcomall 
awMw. He haa ati^>p«d u ilie 
dw Thard, ^fnwi m«illi>i|EPcas," 
dti* 1I0 prf^iCM of modem polili 
tfonttfirttfd frhli jHTraMial olianctcr." 
ws dnnk, davrvBd tba diidiMiioQ 
Onr Roaoto pntsriij, ^ftwrn loolringj 



BALLAUS CO^CMrn^TIONAL I1I8T0KY* £81 

In t}«e nogn of \Unrf Uic 8iiv«iti>, tH ikc pelltlcd 

uin coiM|«r«t swmcd 1o bo net at re»l. The tung iiiJ 
«rc» ttrug^ I)«tuvviut lh«T Cn>wii uiii tl]« BHruiih biul 
Bnumlod- Tilt- ^viiiik'a ivbidilixl pnfducvit tbn 
ijl)cUlaQ( of Tj^lcr anJ C^c had diMpjwftrcd. ViU 
iD^gv wu KATcolv knowQ, TUo two rovdi liouftM. 
rboM oonActiQg clftiim lud lou^ coQTuIdC4l Ui« kii^p- 
Dsn, were ft£ ttAgth unitiML 'IW dftim«nbi vlioai 
rHctuionSi jnat or tiJ:\ju«% had dti4tirl>4d tlie new m4> 
IdDtmlt were ovwiJirown. In Tvligion thrre waa n« 
|M^ divcntj fliul jirobabljr wry liuie ntcn^i hrmr. 
riiv uM bubjvctfl of cuiitvJili<jUa ijt ultuct, bad vuiEdivd : 
boMi which wcu'o to miccvcd hod uot yet uppctuttL 

Soon, bowi^vcr, now piLnciplw woro fti^iounced; 
(rinci|J&) whklj wcrt* dvAtiiiod to kc*j» Enpdar.d durtng 
wo fyflilDrid And a Ix^f in a lUlc <ir commoiion. Tfc« 
t«furnttt*on dJvid^ tho piwtpl^ inUi iwi> j^mt |nTt)««* 
l"be ProteBtajiU w(50 Tijiuriunv Th^ 'K^^ stiLdt* 
'idtfd thcnuclrfn. Pi^rltlioal UcliiMn wrrc cn^^nificd on 
hwlogic&l •vcb. Th<» mulujkl HmmiMilJv<9 vf tbv two 
mnici gradukUy ernvr^L-d ioUi du- llichi of public life. 
ilrM caai4 conAicU in i'tiduuiMai ; tiion dvil wftr] 
fai» rvrul(iii<RU Dpon reixJutiOQ*. ttieh «iKmdod by tii 
fipnrtctiuicc of protfcnptjotti, And pccMcotionf, uid 
wts ; oftch foUowfd by MnwO nkcvunw nn tlio f«n of 
he ooni|u«ror«; i»ch exciung «dMKUr and fivdcrini; 
tttfcd is the conquorod- Duni^ tbo mign gf Oocr^ 
he £>o:anJ. thlogv wuiv vvKbpfiily iHodiiig to iuij<m«< 
Vt this cksc of thnt nago, tbe aatk>ii hiui compkicd 
Jio grcAi rerolntion which comnkencod in tbo nHy 
Itft of the jLcUHmib cuitiiryt <»d «^u e^n ot nnu 
The ibry of Moctn had £«1 iw^y. The Oathediei 
[«*«§ potcticsUy ei^joy«d t<i)enti<n ; vA man 



e 



id |>»iiy whicli mtut ftlinoit t^^ 
itilv ctnikl «nrculj- be Um<^< 
wlucK fran tbo diao of tbo 
gndaallj tcndiog lo Apfin»iiisAtioi 
in einolow mppon of thai Bpl 

HiHtte fir BonH)on< The j^real 
■itical «iid civil polity luij be«o Totij 
woundi had bm li«ttk>d. Tliv vh 

<{iiiui]U-«l mhh Uio fotitkuJ wTttcT* 
win rocollDCt tho mvu in nhieh. 
of ilttt tiiiMu It wu i Itlhopee 
Qnua uhI glorr, « nhort IntrrriiT t 
b«cn pfMviM hj cntMrii^q «if a^ 
OTBtariii cif affiuikn wtr^ <b«tti 
Uov locin bctioQ «^un bc^m 
haown. In Ut* Lvltflvvof Jufitun, 
on ihb Onwe of di« Di»cantoiit>, 
wiJtingi «f Um iMnt. l^e rlcAeni 
ifii dil y fmmdMd tbo eooMry 



vioAonv 






lIAtXAUA COmTTRJTIOSf IL IHSTOIT: <>S5 

tuntly videcung, hftd liulo m oommnn with tlica* 
•rbtaiiB wlkiirfa Ind divided It dnrini; ihtf ra|^4 1/ th< 
TnilanaiiddicStujirta- Th« tynxptont of popukT'bd* 
ing, ifidwii, urili aJwajA Im m a grwt tnvftiare tk« 
BUM I \kI the irriad^h whioh cocciied tJu^t fwliii); ma 
IwTC new. Tho support whidi wofi prtn ro \Viikc«t 
the daoiour fw ivform daring the American wnr. tlh^ 
dhiflrctcd cflcdnfTt of larf^ cluten of pMple at llis 
tin* of tiin Fr«ncli Rovnlution, no raoK rcMmblcd tha 
oppositwn w^Lich hnd bean oflered to l]i« f^Ar^nn^t orf* 
Cbarln ^it Sonmd, ttsa tbat dppoiitioti rewmblcd the 

iiUat b«tw««D tha Eo«f«. 

In the |KiUik^ w b tim cninnd IvodVi « EMiuutign fii 
oftoo relbrrftd 10 a ptrt vicldy iliScroDt ^^om that in 
wlileh It rrallj ifstdHu A man whow 1q( » cui <<4F 
Guidca llut bo feek « patn in hbt toe- And m tho 
MUM iD«nn«r tbo poqilR, in tho carlior put of tb« laU 
rdgii« uucervly utcnbutod Ibwr ducuzitvu*. to ^rwr- 
WM«B which bod been cSbvtiutly lopped <iSl Tiny 
bnacJDod tJut tbo prwo^tJvi w» too itraig for th» 
OboititBtioD. tltit the prindplce of tho RevdiidDn wan 
flhi&doftod, ibii£ the HvMcrtt of ibo Stturi* vm TcsiorEd, 
Eyccj tmpula) naftn nmst now ftoknov1«dj^ ibol thcM 
dbuigci wert groundlcM, The t^ondact of the Qor* 
•ranmt wiib ra*poct to Dio MMJInn oloetion wf;uld 
bsw bouD ooiitenpUtod with ilnlii^lit by ihm find cvn- 
ontion of WldgK. Xbcy would hnTc thought it a 
ifpkndjd iriannph of the caase of liberty th>t the Kbg 
ojul tho Lordi aboold itMga to tiio lower Honso m 
porboD of Uie Ic^lftdrc powttTt *nd aIIow it to inca- 
paciltlQ wHbout their content, Thi^ inil««d, Mr. 
Biirkacl«u]y peromcd. " Whoo the Ilouv of Oniv 
niMif.'* »y« be, "^in sn «uiWvo«r to oUnm now 
idr«iit«g» flt *ho vxpcistf of tho otb«r unlen of tKi 



s« 



UAuoiTB co«>Tii(n«»cAL lusravr 







;, Ibr tl)cr beiHtft of llio coamona kt lirgCi htfV 
pomic*! Blniag meworea, tf U wctrc ooc jnat, it waA bI 
Ufttf nAfundf that the covutitiionu should comuTo 
fell ihvii yrtKVf^nf^ i becwui? »« CMnel*e« wav 
DMtcljr to profit. Unt wliua ika mlmudoci it 
to tn in ■ €ciiiU«c< b«Cvr«m lJi9 Rpraw^Uiii-fA 
<nir»cU'os, and wlwra noUunff can l» put talo tWr 
■caJc Thkh 11 not idna irixn ours th«y &IK7 na 
difldnm whm thej 1«J} m that tlwjp «« <nir 
tftlirM, ixtr avm Acali nivl blocd, and duU hU tbe 
tJw^ pT9 mrmidtoar gpoi." TboM mdIama] 
tftin, in hcl, iho *!u:ile explanation of the 
TJwconflJcl ot Uw NT«ut4Minlh ccntuiy wn ntauil 
hj tiM PwJiftiMVt o^mt t^ Cn>w-ji. Tbo 
Svliich coomcneMl id the mhUle <f tlio eigfal 
«<«tiiTrt «lucU «dn rcmohM tmdttiiM, and &n ^ikb 
mr dnhtnm tnd Ktaad(4nURn inll proboblj bo colkd 
bo oci or lo KLjfTcr, u botwcoD a ^u^ pordoia of llw 
p«ofile 00 the one lide, ami tlie Crovn and tha For* 
liAtncQt miilod m tlw otbor. 

Thij privLkigW «f the How* of Comnowi, 
pttnlqgcei wbiclu in 1^'12, nil Locukm to$c in 
d o ftt id, which like pcopic cnntiik:n;d mt ^nonj 
^ntk thoir o«n libertin, oii-^ in conpomon tf 
tiicf look no ttccmnl of tiic inn«t prvdiHn xad oaciwl 
priiKiplitf of BfiglbJi /uriif<wl«nc«s bnvw uow b^aoBt 
PMitj 0* o<fio« » tbd rj^m of nunkl kw. TlM 
powor of ccvwiltinf vhftdi the poofh) anriwily Icmd 
Id 000 tht Hinve of Commotn cxcrcko. ia now, at latf 
'wboB ompkyrd a^olnvt libcUons ibv Aort napo^ttltt 
pswrr in till! Covulltntioitu If llio Cocaaoos Wj^^H 
aaAnr thr l^irda t^ omccil monApliSU, va do noffW^ 
IWva that tli« pooplo wonlil caro ecio lUmr ah^fot tb 

Ltt«r If iKHPf van lo ouffiec the Lord* eran lit onf 





lUlXlirS COOeSTITUTIOXAL tllSTOIlT. 



£87 



tf 



a m-jncy^hWh^ wo doobt irbellicr mch a utmndvt 
«f tlwJr cunililutioiiid n^hu woobl sxcito haTr«o mudi 
ilisgtttiA&cCBOn ■■ die exdnwoTi v£ Mmigav from a mn- 
glo IrapocUnl diKiMfion. Tiic ^Icc; in whtcTi tli« 
r^ioH«rs ttt }iv bivoiDfi * -Tonrtli eaTaie of tlif> rtfaJnu 
T^ publicATi<m of the dcbfttcft, • piractirc whif^h *€ttafd 
to tin nott libanl tlalmaian of tiw old tcUool fteS uf 
ikn^er tj^ tJii; fT^^ iNft^mrd) of public UU-rly. it tioir 
ngvdvd by mAny prr«oni lu a Kaio^uir<) Mubainounit 
.$md more ibftn tmiumoorit, to jill thu toa togetlm'* 
Burfcc, in a ipocch on pbrliamcnioay rvfem which 
tho moro remarleabltt locaitw It irM d«lLv«red lung 
b«larftlbe Pmrh Jtcrolution, h«i dcdmhad. tn nink* 

w« ^pttk^ *' Jt lugjcofftii iDidanch'jty iv^Lsniuiia." nyt 
liOt "in conioquonco of iho Kimn^ conm n^ hm^ 
kog; boJil, thftt wo oro now no longer qunnvltng uboui 
llkd ekinctur, or oboat tht? ronduct of n^n. or the 
Unoar of mcAinrrft ; Int iro vo grcnn oni o( kumovr 
vhh tba EoiclUi Conttilntion itself; tlita 19 b<?roiae 
lli« otgcct of the animoiiity of ICn^Uihnun. Tith ooi>- 
«1itatioQ in funuor dnyi tiivd to b» tJi« unry of ibt 
world I it WM the fattcirn fur podticmn*; Hm tUtm/t 
of iIm ftloqiKfil ; tfao n»ediuuoa of ih^ phiEoKopW In 
ervry pan of th« vorJd, Aa to ^nfrliahtncn, ;l yna 
tlicir pride, their conmlrtiinn, Hy it they liwd, And 
for it llwy wny rwuly i^* ilie. Itn dtfrTrti, if k ]iad 
Mjy, woto pcirtly covered by pcutiaKiy, tttxd partly 
borno by prttd«fiocL Now »l\ tin <ardlcnci<B aro forgutt 
il* Iftnlti mm twiljly dn^P-'d JaU* day, vx«jg{«r«t«d by 
evwy artifioo uf oiisn-prcsmituiiMi. It u dua|Hsed aihI 
wjffctai of own; ftnd ei-firr dmcaAcd invontloii of 
Ii^pentt£t7 or idleaeaft b mi up in cppoaitlon, or in ^n€- 
rrenet to it.'* W<» nrithcr lulopit ncc covdMnn !h<! 



B 



188 uALiojs's oovrmcnoHAj, msnwr. 



4 



4 



hnfEOttge «f reprobation «btcb the grau orWor ben 
•nifilo^*. Wo e»ll him onlv m » mlneja Ui the bet. 
Ttmi ilie nrvolMMM of public fiN<ISn^ whMi bo ^ 
■CTjbnl wu thAit in proftTMa ti in(li«|ditible ; tiul it b 
•quaUy iAdiiyutabl*^ w« thkik, ili^ it b in 
■UU. 

To invMtigatc and clmtafy tbtt cAUMi of «o (r^cal m 
tiuage would nqdra ihr iBon tboughU and itr mon^ 
^tec, than iri? u proieiit have to h^w. fiat aone 
of th«n aro obviovu. Duririg iho contevt wbddi lib* 
ParUaiDoil cBirittd on af^iml the SnmrtA, It k«d col/ 
to i:Wk AQcl axnfAun, It hu nnctt Uftd to i^rcfv. 
A« Hn ftUftc^ing boilj, it could wlcct it* poinu of a^ 
tuck, and it natuniny cbu»e tboM on iv)uch it vm Itk^ 
ly tu rvcuive public lupport. A» h nilmg body, it b$a 
maithtfT tho MnBo libor^ of cboioii, nor iho cobo aw- , 
llvce to gT»l% the poople. With ihe power ^>^|H 
oxe<Tiitivc govenuncDt, U fcai dnwn ta Jttdf iomplV^ 
the vioed, uid aU tho aapt^nilftrily of no nacnfiro xr>r- 
onnDonL On the H<iQse of CoimiMm abov^ all, po*. 
a«MOd 84 il Ki of the pubTk punn, simI ruiMO^imtlly of 
the public BMix^ the oaiiuu throw* tl\ the bhm* of «i 
ill canduotod mu^ vt « blnadvriqg oegDCiatkii, of t 
^agnccAil ttw^, of «n ombomMtng tonwiwcckl rriih 
Ttio deUyi of the Court of Cbuioor^, ihe txihconidtict 
of B jwljc« nl Van DiccncnV td«nd, mj things in fthoft, 
tvbicli iu ofiy |«rl of iImi vftminbtnui'in any p^rbcn 
froii ai ft jtnrvaiK«, i« AltrTontiHi to tJie Irranny, or ttl 
i«m1 to tite neg^if[cDOr, of th«t nJUpoworfdl body. 
Frivato lAiliTiduBb p«ri«r il wjib thuur «in»(igii and 
ritlim. A nwrvbAUt k^TpeajB to il IK>m iho Courtt «f 
Kio Jftiwra or 6l Folcvibnrgh. A kuaotiMl piliiicf 
eotapJihiH to it that lus ilcfnriveDi of ut fimb im eM- 



did 



lULLAM-fl CO!CSlTnmOXAL HfjrTOBT. 



68f> 



Bkr^nbcr oC opftosdon, frovn whom no ^hc^t* trc viqiccU 

conymnu;, but launily 1o waidi mid tcnssurv, and wlw 

pa^, ihorctaa, unkw lio U ^o«).v mjuciidoizi, bo popii' 

. lu wEili iho groat bodjr of Uic commttnkj. Tbo Pof^ 

^^uiunt now rc«cinlil<« the mmo \tcrtcn pitt inVo oiBcCi 

^^■rnwnJnd bj prt)lii>nfir)i wlimn tw<*nty tiniM hu ptiN 

^^OMige woold not sJtCis^, stunntyl witli ctimjilninla, 

huMd in iBttnonBi*, aanpcUiKl by the dutkv or' \aM 

ftUiion to UiDg furwxrd m««9Ui«« flnitlar to thow #liirh 

in* mu fiMmeHy aocuMoaned to oWrvit vnd to cbvck. 

Slid porpocuiUy imoouiUore^ by otgociioiu tknilor to 

I iJiQSQ wlurb It wu formctfy lils bualiwas to n^ 

I VexhiqA it may be Uid do^n lu « it«i*^r«! nJe th«t a 

i^^fpslfliivi^ AMHMnblyi not i^riTiitirniivl mi drmrtrnifir«1 

^H|iitci|>^ csmiot Ur pojnihr lun;; bIW it vvaae» to b« 

^Gnailc. Jti scai for wlmt liw pcofifv, nglitly or wrooglj, 

coQceiiro to In Uiwir int«<v««tf, lU ffympAthy wiUi llwr 

nUibUo Slid viultfnt j«ii»jonu, rto mcn^y tJio vfferU of 

iho ]iai1>cukLr cirrumBiuiCM In w^ich it h ph(?c^. At 

lung M it dejwitd^ fur exicfieac>o on tho pabljc favoar* ft 

will c<iit|diiy all ihi." muani in lupowt-p looondlbi*? th»t 

^voiiir. While? lljiii in ihfi ciw> di<f#ct4 m iu fwnKthn* 

tico ftrv of litU»? cflrtf^iaaTic^ Butt m 1)ie close union 

I at ucb A bodjr witJi the nation ii tlw cieet of an 

I iJanlity cf intvrot* »ot oivmutul but occidvnbJ, it i« bi 

; loou! mMuure dLE»uived from tlio time M irhkh t1i« 

cbugcr irli-ch produced it ccojoi to C»t. 

HtitKi^ bef/K* lh49 Revotutkin, the ^nestion of Pur- 
IkoMnUuy rcfonr. w^i <iF T«fy little importanctt. Tb^ 
A^cftdA of librriy had no very ardent wiAVk for mfiurm 
Ue •trobp!«t Turf«4 taw no obiecitoft* U> il< It 14 r^ 
1? liut Ohu^ulon loudJy oppUud* the cban^ 
tkh Cnxnwtll tulrodacod* ch&i^>u& br tlraifgn ^ua 




bMO «lect«] hf am 

hftd bcm put op to bJv, m til llic Fi 

Wtf know hour 9tri>n|{lT lli« t'arJi 
crtni iLu^lf in iWvoor of th« pcopl« tin 
vnikhwji* ; and i)h» it^av^i » v^idirEtl- 
not auBnuM from (W jivvplc, iu nli 
dcptfidtd OQ tbe luppuri of Uw pcojia 
Froan il»a diau of tlw RenJtiiiMS tbi 
mcnc b>» bi.H:ik gmthuily lx«mu]i£ w 
graftt council of tub:, contatiunj^ ounj 
irte^j bjr th« pvojJo, ^nd nuuijr 
|furv div bvovr ol* tikv |;vopl« ^ but, 
bxvtttiaJ m ill tamper ud ioMmu 
hmg ma tlBmr^ mi Kopid 
ty ftr ibom baing An aaqmH inhiga 

It li niAoiuiced bj die o|iUit<ni' 
Enineci^ pcrtrtrfiillj, but ilowljruuS 
Ucwl of ouUtinaiiv Oie puUie mi 
tterolntioo it CVrqaentJj did, it oow 
•tow And «t a ivid* dihlWK^. Il ia thi 
; uid tin? morv ^ but^aitiv 



iLaLA]i*s cDKsnrcnoxAL nisrovr b4i 



IUrip part of the lulson U c<>Tbuaiy dcMroiu of a 
n Ui th* roprtawnutiixT <mtrini- II^m litrgc that 

n»v bo. it Uilifficoh toMj. Ic U onlyut ^i]l«7vaU OiM 
tli« ckunoiir on ihc Hibject e« Lc^ud and volicroonu Bui 
It Mecm to u« HiaU donng ihv rv-miwicnu. ilii* fe«Jii^ 
pulkon atren^h, mid that every miCACuivn bunt u 
a»iire T^ojintl Uutn iW vrljich pncfvird lE- Tlie piUic 
ftttention may b« for » tinw ilivcrti.-(J to tbe Ciitholic 
claioM Of l1i9 MtrcukCtio f<xlo; but il it. probalilo that 
»l DO TKy dinUa; pvnod, jwrlmps in lb« lil'vliinvof (be 
praivtit pnmtkai, &U ntlicr qimtjon* will nu-rqie hi 
ihu which is, in « certain dogrevt coniiectod with thciD 



i.< 



ilMady wa tac« to oarvlrc* ta pnTc^lvn iho vput 
of naqniM liwes, ihe vaipw prewMtim^iu of Kom»tKiii|{ 
gnat nul itnr^ wliich pervadea tJic conunuuity, lh« 
pnUoH and lurtid liop<« of lliow krlir> hara awry ttiag 
togahittliiadkiil/hintt<(lft>r«buditi;pof Uioae wlui liave 
aray thing to Jimi. Many indicatJoni aiight bo men- 
ckMt ^ tbomavlYaa indwd ab inslgniflcaAt as urawi ; 
but evcQ the diroction of n ittuw, to bomir the iHn^ 
tiUon of Baron, irill thow from irhat qiurur iha 
•tonn ia arttutg in. 

A gtvat atatnoBan migbt, by judidmM aod timd; 
T^farialiotM, hj rtvoociling iba two gr«at bnndiaa of 
tlw luUiinil arvtocTvcy, tlw capttalistt ami the kii^own- 
ara, and bjr lo witkiuag the boMi of the government m 
to inioraat in itt dctfbneo tlic wholo of iho mlddlo olnia, 
that brarc, boiwat, and »mnd*bt«rtcd clios, which m a) 
an a i oo* fnv ihn maint^Muuino of order and the utemity 
if pfopeiiy^ as il it hoa^Ae lo corruption and Of y r r a- 
■iOB, iBCicvod ui averting a atro^lc to which no niiienaj 
kted of libvrty or of bw ran k»ok fbrvurd ^tWa> 



i 



■i.u iiJiii> an Dijpoa wno, vnw craw 
diAij th« ruiriljtk or muty gnMi kiag 
oul fcr rvprvMrriUliTv* bo wftteh ore 
•elect mmc hoicknryM jobbrr m Inroii 
du currowiMii uid M»ftJlL««t m^nd, u 
tarr of A farfv^Ecd fnathise. Betwwr 
there lin > mora axn-ElDni way. 
round uii>Uiijr cmi* ainl'jgotu to tba 
in tbc nncDli«ntb ccntunr. W« 
naiiUr to tlini in wbkJi ovr wwoMovi 
Mipi uf J&iuQ« ibe First It iriB 
miy lo rdorm that «v may proicrrc;, I 
tewtttd fradpJtt ef tho CoMtitniia 
in dtt mboidinal» partah It vill tlii?ii I 
«3» ponibJc twa Imndrrd yt^r% ■go, I 
risW u> Bv«iu« tfTflrj oMful u]«Uliaki 
ikn cnikwvd bj aiitii|iia^ util nM^ ■ 
K Uio Movo ijitto, to iniNiltico into tliei 
iceaii hixmoniibig with Uio origfiiiAl pd 
to tv Mcn irhctber two Imndrvd voui 
wiw. ' ^ 

Wo knov of no ic>^wt rvrolatton 41 



nxLLAjra coBffrmmosAL inHTOEY. 



bAZ 



vomfaund tli« perr«ding uiat wiOi tl« aliglit WftI imt*- 
UoQ. 1^0 wbc tolcT will treat the ilccply MtatfiJ dn* 
OCVMoU cif A giVMt ^liy, lU Lv trvats tb« fiiiy uf 11 
■Kb wludi devlnjip milk kod puitvr-Iuvtiu. Tbo 
Migk(t ofitiu difliiDction hju Itxnj futnl even to goToni- 
iiMDU urcmg iJQ tli4j puwt^r <ir tbe eironi Ho |>r«ttem 
tune u ind»!r] « time of peace and order. But it b n4 
•tidi A timr that frkoU «r^ mojit tlintighlTnu And wIm 
mm Kiii7>»i tliciu^lilful. Tkai tJi« discoutmU which 
bare igiuij^ iho coLii^try during the late ttnd the prc^ 
tfBt raigit, ukI wIucL, tbuuf^L uut nlwMyu awty, *^ 
7orvr wboUy dorouuitt will ■giua brack Rsrtli wiili tijf- 
^rftud 4jiBptam«, it ftltDMC « oirttiti t^ tluLt the 
tftdca and tiMMn^ vrDI fullow theLr a|f|)oiuicd coune.. 
But in all mDTvmentx of thr. Immon miml wluch t^nc 
to gmt TevoTutioiM ll)^r« U il emi» al wh^di mi>d<Tnite 
couomon may amend, cxiiidlutCt niid prrwrrrv. Ila|^ 
py will II b« for Kngbind if. at that rrbb, her liilvr^ti 
b« ooQtfidei] Ci> nun Ibr wL4;ui hiittoiy liiu [jv4 rvo*<nM 
tlw long toriua of human crime* and fuUiei in rain. 



LO w raft. 1. 



■tl 



'■!!' 




C^e movW of lorD fi^tLcaaUt 



ESSAYS. 



fT!ll! 



* I 



«^ 



ESSAYS. 



HILL 0» QOV£RNMKNT.< 



liaii^ji jHiEv, UiKh m.» 



riatWi uml w|ii>iii i>r)ivrh ^k.tuNv rail Bi;niluicnt4»i 
Mr. Mi;l ]■, with Uiv cxcvptit^n oftlm illi»iri9u« fiKtuilcf 
if dio fwu \tj Ihf tbo >Do«t rii^tinguif^Tiorl. Thf liiild 
work tMw b(for« os cofiuins i sumniury at" ih« 
Mfijttiani brtd hr thl* g»ni1i*vn:in sufl Im brrlKrni An 
•«««nJ fuiiiectii inrMt Tmivorlnril tt* vt<:\riy. All ibo 
ttwi emjt of wHtiJi U cminitt nbouTiJ in cuiimu 
iittUvr- Bui ftl prowttt ir« titittnd lo voiiltwt mr r«- 
iDHki in th« Trttitu« <iii Go*<rniFiiOTt, wlikrii Knuill 
Am an Ihc volmiK^ On kchhq tbniro occQriaii, wo roaj 
|Wr|iap0 sttcmpt to d^ jiaitico lo ihfi ratt. 

ft mwt hb ntnu-A thtt Ut Ao jmiii^ t'l vir Fnoifi'vt]* 
■tott 4if Mr- Mill it not, in tli^ iipifintii fif liii4 .-ulmir^TrB, 
« TB17 «wy laik- Tlu>y do not, in^ki^d, pliu?o liim In 
illD vunc nnk witli Air. BuiiUixm ; l>til t!>o lc<Tini 111 
wliich thier vxtol tlic clifci|>li>, (hoa)(Ti A.'Ct1)Iv wWu i-xu- 
|«nvl iHik itie brpvrbdlt^ of nJoniikin pinplajoJ \ty 



pUlMMXir-i .'1 TlTl tTll TllJ fn^lfa B-llMlllhB ^'SLlLta 



a 



utu.'A is^T ov eonaomtuj. 



iUc-ni id ^piukln^ of iho nuit/tf, «m tn »tn>iig ab ah 

iir lUroir T\i<r cbay bdbre at m p«riiM|M ll*t^ iihi 
r^Ln^lublo of t]>» worlc* to twkicli Ur MiP uwm bit 
^ fiimv. By thu mi^iibrr^ of lit Kct, it is cuiuMltiivcl w 
1 Iporrvrl anil uiiihnfcvnrebtc. K^t:rjr |uul of it » vi «r- 
tlclo of tlkdr laith; and tho dimnatoij cluiwa, in 
which thdr crw<l abounrfi fiir Spvond imr ttivolofpcti 

(ull it^^nintt all w!ii> rvJL<ot utij [Msriion of wrlai b to 
tuvftn^U/ («i4b]u»lM<i. No nuJi, liiuy vaiuuiu, wtio 
liiis undQretdmdiiijr sufflcieni W inutt lujii thn>u^h the 
Bnt pn^poraiion of Knclid, c&n nMil Uii* EnuiieN|iU«e 
of demoiutrDtion auJ Itusu^jr docUr« Ui*i ho nomiiB* 
iuiCflnvinc«L 

Wfi bar* fijTBivtl 4 ivi-v ijiflunjitt opiaion d( ilifa 
tturL Wv diifik tUt itu.- Uk-oij of Ur. UiU iwH 
AltijgcUwr on &Utt firuicipl««, Aud tliat wrm on thnt 
&W |xiiicij4M ho lioiM Pu« n»A0O IojitoaUx. Ne*«r* 
llic]<:f». w« ito not Diink itstnuijco thni kk ifiooalilMMw 
^lioiild )i4v« dllfi Um UtUiutriuu with MlniirBtkifu 
Wc linvf liDQi f^rr wvne time pMt inrJjn^ to itit^nct 
OuU tWv jHH'iJts whoiA wiBt nfpinl m ihi- ligbla of 
Uiff ^«iirld and oUwen w ifiiVRuiiQ desAuns v^ in fgon* 
jcrnl gnliniux loai, with narrow tmlceflAndinp Mmi 
'fiillo iAfttfRatlloa. Ttitr coMlompt w^kb tho]r43Xpff«H 
fitr di-pukt litumtoira U cTvUttUj ibe owtco^ oiF i|> 
namni^- Wr apiirohnid lli«t OMAjr flf iktm M« p«r^ 
*im4 who« Lavinft m<l Itlllo oit nothuq^An* ilali^feEd 
In be rcaruoil Uam ilio vnniw of ibor own ttiJ«n«nti 
by vmor tifnirhur iAht> n^iiurva thiqn thil 1I19 >li 
irhjcb llivj" liavc dv^IocUnI uo of mi v«]«Pi|«l>fi^ 
w HZ phnu-w into ih«ir iMniiht, lotidi i^rm rtn odd| 
ooa]b«r of ilna WGiiic£itti» &«\'ipw, and In ■ Ok^uU, 



miLlt £»&kT UM OQVLltXU£ja'. 



trwufanus Utvm into p1iIto«i>i>I]er«- MiiigUil wiUi UifiM 

thuni from di« invigniri'^ni^cc of dunces to iha digirii 
of bores And to ^prv^d dlivjiy aiaonj; llieir pKiw an&h 
And >fniiiitiDotliCEs llicre nrc, we wdZ Litnv, oihjijj 
wv]|-tiiininti»g tnen Mvbo lutv* mlly rwul uid (bui 
madi; but wliow? nAduig and mvlitutioo tutvo btm^ 
«lnioic vxcbavvl; conflaod io i^do cIbjk of m^ociA t 
Mkd who^ «ond£^[aonU/, tbuogli Uioy ponea mvch vnt 
luUo knowledge rccpccling tho^ «ubj«<U, ^n* h^ n« 
inoiiu »o wolJ quftlilivd Io jud^ of & R^*^^ ajMPnl u 
>r thfljr }ivl ukcn a mon; caUr]^ txow of litcTAtruv 
nnd toc]#iv. 

^oiliiti^ u mvra untuinjC or iiatructii^ Uiui to 
fCTVc the nujiiia' in wlucli pouplo vlio think diomdi 
y^'istic tiinn aU Uic MM «f Um world M into 
wKifk l)ic ftrnplc gnod MHiMtAr llwir nnjEbboQm dtstivAi'l 
mhI «rnkl4^ It iv cfi« ol' tb« pniuri^ttl lifftoia of (Iki 
UlilitanflEijt thflt »ciituiiaiit rqcI eioqvenco terve onJf 
t<f ku|«di* Ui« |iur>uii uf Imih. TIj^tborefbM bAcI 
IA qmlwriy jih^iiJiew, or nUbvr jl ojiiical it^gligmoa 
Uid impunty, of nwlc. Tbo *tn>n^l uf^iuiMfitiy 
wbcn daibc4 In brilluni l&iigiu|^, xtm to ib«ni m 
moc^ mwAy aonmnwr* In the tnnui ticiJ^ tKfiy ifiurvB* 
dtr *lu4r iNid«nUi>ding;<, with a fitdltt^ Fomid in im 
«tbcr party, to Uiq MmMncvt nod iiiorrt ntijed AoplitIrD*. 
|iroTid«l tJion sopbtfiiw couio bdbre tbcm dii([iitt«d 
vkli the flxtcniAlH of deoMUOA truism- Xhoy do not 
■Hm Id know that logic h« ib Uliauom# w w«U v rb«t* 
o«BC. <— Uuu « iaUacj ttuy lark in a ^Uo^ioi n* w«l 
Mtit K »i.-Ufibor, 

Mr. Mill i» i^adly thn writer tf> pIfftM p«op)o ctf 
tbn iliBcriibiM. Hii v^iuDtiDts m «l»t«d with tb« < 
•bsQA "^V^*!"" of pnKuim ; lu» dtvisaow *x^ m* 



1 



MCLLli isaAT 09 Qoramowr. 



of Eoclid't Klcmontt. Wht-'ihur ihn V 1 hiptiL 
mmt be porrricu^d U> doubc Thw muHi h ^vrorn;^ 
eh«l the off^ in wliich the tra^ pflriftdpJw M' [tblltvif'ij 
v«n li^ftjii luirinntoHl wvm thoM in wfiirJi ihc 
oIbI of ]<if;ic wiL« tnott utrirtly olM*nrrd, anJ tl<fll 
tioN from which w« ^bo the rw^ifi pro^imB of tJ 
•xponiDvnaJ tcivnwji win «iio tbc lime at 
« lew «UMi£ and fucnul wa^ of miluig <*m9 



The vtjrb wlueli iho UQlhitrijnu ftdnire mnu 
iLhoM mlpecrta on wboch St It poMlble lO nflMn a 
ll grow ap with ihe vcriid wphairr whirh flrrtiriO»nl 
diuinp; 1)10 (birk tgm. With ili«l AOphUtry it fr^U b*- 
^re ibc ItutvmiuJd jihilotofjliy in Uic ita^ cf tUf gn«l 
Efarlircnuicv of thv huimn Mind. Tlw jmlnvtiw 
jDothod rioi oiilr eiuJund bui r«r|tiirad grMlvr fltilom 
'}f itiL-iiun. It wiw iinpoasihio to PMion from p h iwoi 
«Qft Bp to prineiiiloi, to ToaHt ^lij^ht ^kd?* of S fk t 
tnoe 111 i|iialitjt or to estJiMo ilw o«ujiarMfv« dfed 
of two oppnrviA nmvcti.'rW>Mib balwi«n whipji tlim wa* 
nn oammon mnMorr, by ni^UM of 1)ko vmIkmI and 
mfvittn- j;ir|;»n of thfl brhooln*«i. Of lht»«o B^oolawn 
'Mr. Mill hfti iiUioritvl both ibo spirit vtd Ui» Myfa. 
tJ0 ia u An«Cotalun of tho ftftMnth c«Dtvrf, borv n«ii 
of ibi* — «»* Wft liav« h«n> an cUbontfQ iimUhb on 
OovamBiiTiit froa whkh, bnt iat two or three fAMy 
^wMtw, it yr<rM nei ^ipor th-nt iho author 
twin thai tmj piff em ii mi t* actually mciiBrd 
man. Cnrtain frapL<&ntie« of Imnui ftituro ant 
ftiim'tl ; Aiul fiwn ehftMf prvmwn tbe wMo »r i< 
|iulitk<^ i> «yntl]«tkalljr dcdooeill Wo can yi 

Mnmado uonotviw tkat wo art not rvadUig a book 
wmum bdbn tbotmMcf BaMoaadQaBUo.-*ttbaafc 





tfllXH ESSAY OV OOTKIUnfKNT. 

infecn prvvvi) s^lioi^istlvalljr tbtit tJiu pluivti 
d Invu no [&dvpcii<li^]t mution, -* boonivo lit* 
TMkft w«ra Incomiptiblo, uxl oatun; nbhorred t 




rCMOn, toOf vhirh Jklr. hlhtl liikt Miigarnl fnr 
kking thi« cc»urw strikiM ui >« nuvt extrm^jnliiiiLry, 
Ex|ieHcnc«," w^ ho, " tt wo look uiily at dt« 

OObmlv vf tl}« r«CU, a^I1«H£« to Uf fJMWfJ oil ihU fculi- 

jvct. Abwlutv EiioEuin^Iiy, mtd^ N«r4» and CftlifiDlu, 
on4or (lacii m«n m tlic l]mp«rtin of Morocco tnd Siil- 
UM of Turkey* ia the acom;^ of kutuim naitir^. Oa 
ttr tMc. tW pAifJc nf Df^nttturk. tifvU out wiih 
nf *n ftfv4or-rRfy, nyn^lvfii thai ihi^irking 
iM ht- ah^luti^ ; nwV, tinder th<<if abacilutip laoniLith, 
uc well iio^'vmcd OS nny people ui Kuivpc:." 
Th>4 Mr MiJi ActiuUy giTot h« a mawn for {runuliig 
a /inari method. But. in our judf^iioDU the vury 
^circiUDUUlco* which ha monuoiu irrwUtibly prcvo thu 
tbo 4 f^^' method b dcogothor imfit for tnvwitgaitlont 
thii kincF. ftnd llmt the oirly wnjr to nrnvo at iba 
iih in liy imloclir^n. J'h-ptrienex okii nprer bo diridrd, 
cvon a^poar to b« diriiM, exc«]it with nfvreacv to 
hy[M>LbeHK Wlion wu ay that am £u:t b incwv 
li inth «Kith«r 6Mt, wi> okcttii util/ that U is in* 
:al with Mtf r^^^ whicU we havo fbiuuJod on 
itckcr Ihct, But, if iho Act b« corUun, the un- 
tvotdaUo ooMiUulon b th«c our 1^17 Sb AIbo; uid. 
In order to ixntvct it, wc murt rcoicn buck from tai 
IpWgKl coUfvHkin r4 UtJa to pTkD<^ip1». 

How Hero we hivo iwo gortrnmcntt wliich, by Mr, 
5lill*t own Acoouot, coow under the isudc head m hk 
A«arii(Mf cl«wficfttioQ. It it ovideat, thetvilk)T«i ^W^^ 




ta 




KILLS EUAT 

hy rvoiMiiuiig OM Uda iboan>lK-4l chtiififiioo, m^ 
ov l>roii£l)i lo tbcf cooc^tnioci that l\tmm ivro brut* ol 
ggvi^nttnpiiE molt prodvcp tlio Mune «0bcU. But Mr. 
Alfll kiimutf i«Il& tu thil tho^ d'> dm produce iLc mam 
edbota* Hcora lie iofirri iWt ih« only vmy to i^rt m 
Irrilh M U) pljLPCc impjicit ranfidcnci^ in tlut cbnin of 
|fr»(rf tf/nori frotu mLidi it apiKMtn ibM ibej nnni 
IvrodoM tbo Mme wAcuI To bolivro st oooa to « 
Uu'vy oad rn a Act wlilch ixintmbcU it B ftn «KarcM 
of fiuih mffidcntJy bvU : b«t to bolWnv In « tbeorj 
(ctuiuv ft Gm* cijtttnuKca it is vhnt noiUiur phalnDfite 
aw |io|M* ever bcfero reqninxL Tlii^ howvreri b iriMt 
Ur, WU ikfuuiili of iin. He ft^ciu to thuilc that^ if 
■H 4)ripolSa vitlioiLt cxcvplinn, pyif<temr^ ill, It would 
W m mi W um ry 10 prmA tij ft sYiiUiuii^l sr^piMient, 
wljftl woald ihm bu ^uHksciitly dcftr Itdcii expericficv. 
Unt, OM mmo ilai^bi wilJ be »o jivrvvrfi^ sji to govwv 
vreUt hu tiaiLs hinucU' comjiullcd la prove tb (Vi|in»' 
iiliiB^ of iMr govcnui^g ««U hr tkftt AjntboiJcftl ar- 
IfBOifiUwkiidi would liftTis bwB raporfleoov b«d qm ilv 
bctt «>nlnu}ic(«d it. Ife mMona a prion, tiw^a 
lh<> pUcooi&nm ftre fkiI wti*t, by nvunniftg a yrimj W 
wilt pmrr Ihms to bo- In otker wonk, be reavon* 
a jtn^rit boivopej hy wo rvmtoniti^t be 14 oartftin to 
arrite ai ft takm ciMcloftioii f 

la ihccfxuMiof tbcc^umiaftdan to wbieh wt p ropow 
to tu^vri tb(i Apacalfttlont of Mr. Uiil wo tlull iift*w Ib 
node* hmhv otJier ntriom iiaUocQft of liifti tvni of 
Blind wImJi iJl* p— g a ftbove ^oottd indinUai. 

Thv fini dapier of hk BMft^ MlfttOH ui Uift 4tt^ of 
4{inrerriJn<'»t Tliu ca<K0ptkui iMi tbift tiiljoot, ho utti 
ut, wbicb^xbuin tiio wntfa oftnosi own U vi^^iM ud 
wdlMlfalgiiaftlnEV* H*} (b«l ■muBOStjitftij Miofi^l, d«ifl 
Ibi end ot gflVt^naaeat u ** tn inew ooB lo ibe tiia^ ^H 



I 



KU-WB BWaT OS OOTEHNMRVr 



II 



|)lc«in>v< tr-A ^Urrirv*!* u* fli." ifimmC (!i« pains, | 
rhmcnTen^i -'i r ' Tie fHm 'pr^ ' 

to ultow, wilK iiir-it I'lij.i:, :!ii[ "lilt- gri>jil«l 

liWi* lui(,|ilD^*M "*' t'.'.'i'j^j i» .' .- "I bj u>4tirin>{ \<t 

mRn tlw tciufltcvl jjowblo quiuilitv of ibc produrt 

bU Uhour/' To pflWt till" w. in )iM opinio^iK ihi 

i<1 or j^ot-emnoeni. 1i i^ rvmm-tablu lW Mr. Mill« 

wiih aII h» nfl«!tt! f?i»plnT ftf pp*f Wftn^ biw W^ pven 

B (lrtvri|itif«i of tint i-fiJi of f-f*v*T«ininl fiir li** pivrti|# 

r-tlun tluL wliicii is in thv nionthi uf thi? vii^pir, TU» 

^Hrvt mmn wilh irhom Mr. Mill ixtjir trAr«t! in a >lngv 

^^■||li will lAi \mu timt yvTtrrammt exfiati Ebr thv [>rft< 

^^^Pbn vr tlio ^ffpffw* *a<l pnvjvrtj of men. But Mr. j 

Mill !ccis! \o tT'Hik th.-rt ihi^|*ro*rrvMiwi of ptr-percf j 

^^ibe linrl nnd onlv ubj^ct. Il in tmo, dtubtUss ibtf ' 

^^lanj <if UfeT mjiinn vliirh »re olf«-rrd U> th« pfinicins 

Gf tavn i>rf*ceni ftvim « i!i>i^n> (« porMt^ Ihwr pTuperty. 

Bill the practice; uf virKlictive uui^irmtioii fla h bfti 

^^(bt«d «u *i>nck« purif of £irix>{t« — Ui« prwtiotf of 

HH|B|Dg wuTitfin iu]<i uEij^ifiEirj <JiJtt|], tiktf i\ki*itc uTllit! 

PVMftntb «ii<l Ki'niTcf'nih cc^ntaricA, in -which beui^b of 

SfcmdA riekod thofr Tli'ft! fl# wvW ns iho princi|itb:-^ 

■ irl minYo:hi*r* whith minMhcn»m«l, 

, rrtii» ift noi'irT.y ; xiui w^ do not «im 

m ifov^nmrnl vrhit'h 1oleniti?il Itiem coutd be nud 

JiMiInvili to the iitmMt tite ptim whiHi tnen deriT« 

root uaj'U vihirr/* Tlwnfore, tK^onfiiig t^> >lr. MlU'fl 

:ry cnrroet a««uiDpU'^, tudi u j^ownui»mt wmild tioc 

jrfr<tiy ofcoiftplith t1u> md <ir its bifitiitii on. Tc4 

ich « ^^ovcmrnodl ^^jtIii^ »* ftf a* h* cnn purppivi*, 

iiuui'T 10 trtry nsfin di« ^iiIit^ |ios»iM<* ijiifuiiitjr oj" 

prvtltKL' itf his )Hb<fiir/' Tlbt^cr^fv tau:h A p>v«.-ii< 

Vtnr, |>«rf*ctl/ tccomptiih tb« «n<l oT )t« SnvtJtutSon. 



h 




imx'tt KUAT OK vOvuoruiirT. 

Tbe iittUcr ia noi of orach ooPMy nft c ^ nGCCpC 
AA titftanfc uf iTiAt eilovciili&a< «f lirinkt&jf *r1neh b 
aft»n conc««kd bcncatb A peculiar onUnutioft of lop^ 

Having dalonmnoct tbv uodt. Mr. ^Ilti proc^vdt lo 
con^iiltr tbo owsru. Kof Uio prv^^vntkni t/ [>n>(fC9lj 
■one purttoa of i}iu tumiumiity nutit he tntnutod wilfc 
povrcr. Thii h Q<tvenunciit; and llie qnatki