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Full text of "Cromer, past and present; or, An attempt to describe the parishes of Shipden and Cromer, and to narrate their history"

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REYNOI Hf^ HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



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3 1833 00729 6533 



CROMER. 



PAST AND PRE S E NT; 



OR, 



An attempt to describe the Parishes of 
ShipdeJi and Cromer, atid to narrate their History. 



BY 
WALTER RYE 



PRINTED FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE FUNDS FOR 
RESTORATION OF CKOMER CHURCH 

BY 

JARROLD AND SONS, NORWICH AND LONDON. 

1889. 



1856716 



FACSIMILES OF THE ENTRIES IN DOMESDAY BOOK 
RELATING TO SHIPDEN. 

I.— The King's Private Llanor. 



/J 



2.— Elgcd's Kanor. 






D 



3.— Beaiifoy's, or the Bishop's Manor. 



^fccpri^irir p^r=a ^rarurcmc: i* crrrrrrr. Scn-ijj mui&iiv 






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4.— St. Benet's Manor, 






Cromer, Past AiND Present. 



THE IMPRESSIOX FOR SALE IS LIMITED TO SEVENTY-FIVE 
COPIES LARGE IMPERIAL QUARTO, ^ FIVE HUNDRED CROWN 
QUARTO. 



II 



No, f.J. Crown Quarto. 






JARROLD AND SONS, 

PRINTERS, 

NORWICH AND LONDON. 



^xst nf Illustr:iti0ns/ 



rage 

Cromer Church, with Ruins ... ... ... ... 87 

Reproduction of Blomefield's Plate ... ... ... 94 

Plan of the Pillars ... ... ... ... ... 94 

" Cappings of Pillars" ... ... ... ... 95 

Clerestory Windows ... ... ... ... ... 96 

Elaborately-carved Oaken Door at the West of the South Aisle — as 

it used to be ... ... ... ... ... 97 

The Church Tower ... ... ... ... ... 102 

Bell Inscription ... ... ... ... ... 103 

View from the Top of the Tower ... ... ... 104 

Lower Stage of Staircase, N.W. corner of Tower, Cromer Church 105 

Specimen of Cut-stone Work, Cromer Church ... ... 106 

Kerrich's Sketch of Part of West Door ... ... ... 107 

Specimens of Ornaments of the Galilee ... ... ... 108 

Specimens of Ornament of Tower Door inside West Porch ... 109 

Mutilated Oak Door in North Porch ... ... ... no 

Canopy Head, Floral Niche ... ... ... ... m 

Specimens of Flint and Stone-work Round the Church ... 113 
Variations of Panel Ornaments ... ... ... II4' ^5 

Specimen of Buttresses ... ... ... ••• 116 

Specimen of Bosses ... ... ... ... ••• ^7 

Ornaments above Clerestory Windows ... ... 118, 119, 120, 121 



* All the above, except the bell inscription, are reproductions of sketches made by my 
late brother, Francis Rye.— VV. R. 



§jtfro6uctton. 



To understand nhat Cromer was like three or four hundred years ago, 
one must picture to oneself a great cliff standing much more out to sea 
than at present, and under it a real harbour with a heavy-timbered pier- 
head like that now at Gorleston, with rough stone walls clumsily contrived 
and repaired again and again in our obstinate English fashion, as the in- 
coming sea eat them away from time to time. Quite a fleet of trading ships 
and fishing boats lazily tossing about inside tt;e harbour, and a large fish- 
curing and outfitting population busy on the shore — in fact as different a 
spot from the quiet watering place of the present day as can well be con- 
ceived. There were, no doubt, timber wharves, or " staithes," for the 
merchants who landed their cargoes of deals and of the straight pine-stuff of 
which we then had none in our woods. There were " butchers " in plenty 
here, whom some say were really graziers, and who we know bought lean 
kine from afar off, and fattened them on the tlien open common lands and 
the not far-off salt marshes— probably partly for salting down the flesh for 
the Iceland trade ships, but who, no doubt, also acted as retail " fleshers " 
when they got the chance, and could promote a small syndicate to sub- 
scribe for and divide an ox. 

Of course the shipping trade was not as good then as it had been, nor 
were the people quite as energetic as they had been when Robert Bacon, 
spying a strange sail in the otling, set out frora our pier and brought back 
a Scotch prince captive; but the place was still prosperous. There must 
have been plenty of business done, and good business men here to send 
two men up to London to become Lord Mayors in less than a century. 
One must fancy things a little bit going down hill with the trade, as the sea 
dashed on the " work" fiercer and fiercer year after year; the pier rate, no 
doubt, grew heavier and heavier, and the French pirates were a sore 
trouble to us, picking up our men off the coast and holding them to ran- 
som, and were playing about on the sands "as if the place belonged to 
them." 

But in the midst of all their troubles the ciurch, which was and is the 

B 



lO CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

glory of our village, was at its very prime ; and I like to fancy it best as 
it must have been then. 

Say it is May Day in 1 540, and what do we see? A great perfect building 
finished about a century ago, still shining with its great double-tiered range 
of windows — aisle and clerestory — and shaped flints, and its curiously 
carved stone work as sharp and clear as new, with its great tower over 60 
feet higher than that of the biggest church in Norwich. From this tower a 
peal of five bells, the tenor nearly a ton in vreight, are ringing a peal to 
usher in the merry-making. Just outside the tower, you can see the plat- 
form where "flares "are burned sometimes to warn mariners on bad nights, 
sometimes to pass on the beacon light along the coast. We enter the 
church by the north porch. One of the three chaplains attached to the 
church lives here, no doubt, and there is a " squint hole " for him to see the 
mass. Of course he has to look after the votive offerings stuck all about. 
That silver model of a ship tells how the master of the dogger Nicholas of 
Shipden, firmly and correctly considered that it was his prayers to our St. 
Peter and Paul that brought him safely home over the " Roaring Middle " 
that bad Christmas night, and not, as the Hunstanton chapel-keeper en- 
deavoured to make out, the volunteered assistance of St. Edmund, whose 
help we people of Cromer think, though well intended, was slightly ofl[icious 
and wholly unnecessary. 

Let us go through that beautiful doorway into the church. The win- 
dows are full of stained glass, and the floors are covered with brasses. 
That splendid one looks uncommonly like the great Felbrigg brass, and it 
is a curious thing that Weever saw it here a long while after ; but let that 
pass, the Felbrigg people want it worse than we do.* 

Right and left are the chapels, so many one can hardly count them. 
One chapel I, or my ghostly ancestor, will shew you with pride. It is the 
Chapel of " Maid Ridibone." We don't exactly know who she was, but 
we are extremely pleased to harbour her image, for sh.e is quite the latest 
thing in miracle working — almost as interesting as 
" Master John Schorn, 
[Gentleman born] 
Conjured the devil into a boot 

• All the brasses are gone now but one. and I can't but think that Katherine Comforth, if she 
knows anything about it now— and I am by no means sure she does not— must feel pleased 
that her poor little brass, representing her poor little self, with her folded hands over her 
breast and her bidding prayer at her feet, should have outlasted all the monuments of her 
grand contemporaries; and I firmly believe tliat "William Arnold, bastard," as he, not 
unUke a form.r bearer of the nickname, boldly proclaimed himself, must feel chafed and 
wronged that his br.iss is not riveted where U should be, but hes loose in the church chest. 



INTRODUCTION. I r 

Though she is said to have fallen through a mill-wheel and been killed, 
and to have been restored to life by the intervention of St. Alban ; she, 
however, up to date, is not a pecuniary success, any more than the real 
head of St. John the Baptist at Trimminghara hard by. 

On the north side of the church we see the image of St. Mary and St. 
Ann her mother, painted in flesh colour and ultramarine, and powdered 
over with gold stars, just as our descendants v.-ill see in Catholic shops in 
the 19th century. In St. Mary's Chapel is the great "portiforium," which 
that good chaplain, Thomas Tugge, gave us, chained to the desk just as he 
told us to chain it. Any lad of the place can come in and learn to read 
here, aye, and get learning enough to be Lord I\Iayor if he is clever 
enough. These are good days for clever men. A boy who 7C'ants to learn 
can always find teaching; but in our foolish 15th century way, we dont 
drive people to learn who hav'n't the brains to do so. 

Right in front of us is the " High " Rood Loft, while to its sides and 
above it are the achievements of the lords and ladies who helped to build 
the church, painted on cloth and gently stirring in the wind. How the 
great beam shines in scarlet and gold, as well it may, considering that one 
of our Lord Mayors left us ;^4o for its help not so long ago. See how 
high and how wide the gallery is, into which the singers are filing up 
through both the rood turrets, after taking their service books from the 
convenient cupboard, still to be seen in the north staircase. Not that 
there are not better than service books in that cupboard, for John Gosselyn, 
who left us a missal, a noted portiforium, and a graduale, and who was 
also the proud owner of such books as '* De Virtutibus Herbarura " and 
"Pars Oculi," also left some treatises of that sort to be the nucleus of a 
parish library. 

We pass under the beam and are in the grand chancel, with its tremen- 
dous east window,* with St. ^Nlary Magdalen, St. Christopher, and St. 
Katherine decently depicted on it, at the expense of our vicar, in 13SS. 
Right and left are two more chapels, each fit to be the chancel of most 
churches. 

In the middle, " in the entering between the desks," lies our friend, 
William Tugge, the vicar, whose namesake left us a portiforium. He 
wanted to be buried here, and so he was buried with the chalice engraved 
on the stone over him. He was a good fellow of an old family in our 
Hundred, and kin, no doubt, to the chaplain of the same name who lived 
here. He was parson of Gunton when he died, but preferred — and small 
blame to him — to be buried here. His successors were not so fond of the 

• Very unlike to that recently put up, I fear. 



12 CROMER, PAST A\D PRESENT. 

place. Ryston was a "brother" of Beeston, and lies in his abbey 
church, and Harlow was a canon of Walsingham, and no doubt also went 
home. 

There stands tlie High Altar, glorious as gilding can make it ; for John 
Ward gave us 53s. 4d. to gild it in 1504. That gold cup, a little old- 
fashioned now, must be the one John Gosselyn, our old vicar, gave us in 
1384; and that pair of gilt chalices, no doubt, are Thomas Multon's, who 
only died the other day. Good cups, too, they are, with patens, as the 
church goods inventory in Edward VI. 's reign will describe them, weighing 
39 ounces in all "silver dobill gilt." While right and left are the two 
great standing candlesticks and four smaller of latten. 

What a fine set of vestments there are hanging up in the vestry ! One 
suit of red cloth (a cope, a vestment, two tunicles, and two albs), and 
another similar suit of black silk. A cope of white silk broidered with 
roses, a cope of cloth of gold, a cope of crimson velvet, a cope of white 
damask, and a cope of blue damask. 

Then there are other vestments of price. A white one with roses, to 
match the cope, no doubt, one of cloth of Bawdkyn, another of crimson 
velvet, and yet others of white damask, of red silk of Bruges, of red silk 
"border Alexander " (whatever that may mean), and of green damask. 



To-day, being May Day, is no doubt a great day with the Guilds, of 
which we have six. All of them are busy getting ready their " lights " — 
the great wax candles— fantastically coloured, to burn so as we trust, on 
the lucus a non lucendo principle, to alleviate our purgatorial pains. 

But the Guilds have no monopoly of lights. There are other societies 
vowed to burn candles here. First and foremost is our " Plough Light," 
well supported by nearly every will ; then we have the " Women's Plough 
Light" (can this have been the gleaner's light?), and still again the 
" Plough Light in East Gate." Of course we have no walled gates ; but 
we call a way a "gate," just as we talk of a horse's " gait." 

We shall have a jolly time of it to-night with the Guilds v.-hen the may- 
ing is over. It will shock some of our descendants if they ever get to 
know that this church (wherein such stirring teetotal sermons will some 
day be preached), is now continually the scene of many a merry-making, 
many a " church ale," like that officiously interrupted by John Cecilyson, 
in Thurgarton Church, as told on page 53. Feasting and substantial 
cookery too, must have gone on also, probably in a guild-house close to 
the churchyard, else why will the Church inventory of the "Guild Stuff," 
consisting of 3 brass pots, 40 lbs. weight [of cups] of pewter, 2 spits 



INTRODUCTION. I3 

wei'^hing 12 ILs., and the "masour" (can we doubt it was a loving cup?) 
with [a rim of] 2 ounces of silver. 

Tut our Guilds are not only feasting clubs. They are charity and bury- 
in- societies, but not of the 19th century type. We find it very comforting 
to think that our bodies will be carried to the grave on a " hearse," 
which has carried many a good fellow of our Guild before us to his last 
home. 

It is homelike to think that our friends and our boon companions will 
j)ut our vile body away tenderly, and that we shall not have the grim 
hlick mockery of the undertakers round us. There are no undertakers in 
our d.iys. We stretch our own dead reverently and not for money. V/e 
i\o so ourselves, instead of paying others to " undertake" the "job." 

Our burial functions are impressively religious. John Gosselyn's will, 
with its payments to be made to the chaplains celebrating in the church, 
to those who bear the body, to the clerk who bears the holy water, and to 
the boys singing a psalm, gives us a very good idea of what they were 
like. 



Well, such was what I often fancy was the church, the history of which 
I have studied in a desultory way for a quarter of a century or so. For 
years and years some well-intentioned people have been hard at work 
restoring, and spending great sums of money on it, I can't help thinking 
that the old founders, the old vicars and chaplains, the stout merchants 
and mayors, may still be allowed to look down on our feeble attempts to 
match their work. If so, I know it must have pleased them to see the 
chancel rise up again, like a slow and expensive ghost, and be roofed in 
once more. They mus^ have been distressed to see their tombstones in 
the chancel first get weathered and then crumble away. 

Who knows that they may be looking down on us with a sort of sub- 
dued satisfaction in seeing that our new work is so much worse and so 
much dearer than what they did? Of course all this is all rubbish and 
nonsense ; but I like to think it may be true. 

But whether our new work is as good as the old or not, and whether it 
would not have been wiser to have employed an architect with a wider 
and closer acquaintance with our Norfolk type flint-built churches, the 
work has to be paid for, and it struck me that if I put in t>'pe all I had 
collected about the place, it might bring in something towards the Restora- 
tion Fund, and I have accordingly printed the book with this object. 
There art plenty of people who will not subscribe a guinea or two to a 



14 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

building fund, but who will buy a book, which, though of no intrinsic 
value, contains, at all events, a mass of local material and pedigrees. I 
have been greatly aided in this idea by the public spirit and enterprise of 
the publishers, who have undertaken the no small risk and cost of printing 
and illustrating the work. 

WALTER RYE. 

Putmy, S. W. 



Cromer, Past and Present. 



CHAPTER L 

'gr^c ^urie5 gifj? of ^fnpbcn anb i^e iTetr> '^own 
of g^romcr. 

" On Lough Neagh's bank, as the fisherman strays, 
When the clear cold eve's declining, 
He sees the round towers of other days. 
In the wave beneath him shining ! " 

Moore. 

Due north, and twenty-one miles as the crow flies from the 
Castle Hill of Norwich, stands, huddled into a hollow and along 
the chfif edge, the little village of Cromer, and a quarter of a mile 
out to sea the tide rolls in and rolls out over the lost town of 
Shipden. 

Once or twice in the year, at the very dregs of the lowest neap 
tides, the water recedes beyond broken foundations matted with 
seaweed — long ridges of what were once walls, but which now 
hardly peep above the sand, and a great overturned mass of 
squared flint work, which the fishermen call the " Church Rock," 
once the tower of Shipden Church.'' 

Even at the ebb of ordinary tides, the '' Church Rock " is not 
so deep under water that it would not drive a hole in the bottom 
of anything bigger than a fishing boat which tried to fetch over 
it.f 

• This is the generally accepted belief, but there are others who say that the ruins of 
the submerged church are half a mile more to the west. 

t This was written before a Yarmouth tug, fitted as a pleasure steamer, was lost on 
it this (i8SS) summer. 



l6 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

The usual guesses at the derivation of both Shipden and Cromer 
have been made. If we went to work in the style of those bad 
riddle-gucsscrs — the derivation -makers of the past century — wc 
might point out that if the hills which have been washed away 
sloped up seawards at the same angle as those which remain, the 
noted old harbour of Shipden must have been a very " haven under 
a hill," and the Ship-don, or Ship-hill, no inappropriate name for 
it. Crowmerc, too, would have naturally been guessed at as the 
lonely mere or lake to which the crows came to drink at nightfall, 
with as quiet an ignoring of the fact that there is no mere for 
miles among our breezy hills, as is shown by those who derive the 
adjoining village of Felbrigg from " field-bridge," suppressing the 
fact that there is no brook there to bridge over. 

But if I may, once more, air my favourite theory that most of 
our Norfolk villages took their names from reminiscences of the 
homes of Danish, or other Norsk settlers, either coming here 
before the Romans or after the Saxons, according to which inva- 
sion you please, I think there is little difficulty in shewing that 
Cromer is a Danish place name, and that it is situate in a Hundred, 
which itself takes its name from Denmark, and which abounds 
with other Danish names. 

That there v/ere yet earlier inhabitants than these early Danes, 
of course, goes without saying. Three celts were found here after 
a fall of the cliff in 1845, and in 1877, ^J^r. Fitch, of Norwich, 
exhibited a neolithic flint implement found on the Lighthouse Hill. 
Some notes as to the discovery of ancient British remains near 
Cromer by the Rev. G. C. Chester will be found in the 5 th vol. (p. 
263) of the Transactions of the Norfolk Archaeological Society. 

Discarding, as I think I have shewn elsewhere wc should do, 
Kemble's theory that "ing" meant "ham," or home of "descendants 
of" — e.g., that Erpingham. means " home of the descendants of 
Erp," and coming to the more reasonable conclusion that it means 
the new home of those who come from a place called Erping, wc 
have but to look for the name of Erping in Denmark. This we 
find at once in " Herping." After this it does not surprise us to 
find a " Kroemmer," which is, of course, not to be distinguished in 
sound from Cromer, nor a " Kromerup," also in Denmark.* 

* Mr. Hyde Clarke kindly wrote me, pointing out that there is a Croixmare in Nor- 
mandy, four miles from Limesi, in the Pays de Caux, from v<hich fact he argued with 



THE BURIED CITY AND NEW TOWN. 17 

Fclbrigg, the adjoining village (the last syllable of which must 
be a corruption, for as before-mentioned, there is nothing there to 
bridge), finds its prototype in Felborg (in Jutland), Sustead in 
Scested, Aldborough in Aldbjerg, Gresham in Groesholm, Repps 
in Rcppe, Thorpe Market in Thorpe. Seven therefore of the 
thirty-one places in the Hundred are practically identical with the 
names of places in Denmark, while the prefixes of Gimmiiig-hd.m, 
G union, and Thnrganon are also Danish, as are also the affixes of 
OwQTstrand and Sxdcstrand, which may be compared with the 
Danish Xordstrand and Fladstrand, and Matlask with the Danish 
Ilolmtrask and Bustrask. Allowing these, we have six more (or 
thirteen in all) Danish place names, while a closer scrutiny of the 
map of the neighbourhood, gives such Danish-sounding localities 
as Hagon beck in Gunton Park, Beck Hythe near Cromer, and 
Kivby Hill near Cromer, besides which there arc the lost villages 
of Marke/Z/^r/i- and ILidcsthorp mentioned hereafter. 

There is some historic evidence of Danes here, too, e.g:, Torstin 
held one of our Cromer m.anors when Domesday was taken, and 
our first Subsidy Roll for Shipdcn has such Danish sounding^ 
names as Sirik and Hermer. 

Later on (1327) we find in the neigbourhood (see my "Rough 
Notes for North Erpingham ") the Danish-sounding surnames of 
Lenesson, Wodeson, Dauwessone, Kyrtcsson, Edcsson, Deynessone, 
Rennesson, Catcssone, Madessone, Sibbessone, and Rolvesson. 

No Roman remains have been found at Cromer, though the 
discoveries of a Roman kiln at Weybourne, and of a great hoard of 
coins near Baconsthorpe are well known ; and the camp at 
Warbury, or Warborough Hill, is supposed to be Roman, while 
that at Brancaster, still further down the coast, undoubtedly is. 
Roman pottery has been found at Bassingham, v/here there is a 
mound also supposed to be Roman. 

The late Rev. Scott Surtees promulgated the startling theory 
that Julius Caesar, in his two expeditions, landed at Weybourne 
and Brancaster Bay, and that Cromer was the place where the 

great plausibility that some one named "de Croixmare," came over with the de Limesis, 
when they acquired a manor here. Against this is the fact that the first connection of 
the de Limesi family with the place, was when Gerard de Limesi married Amy de 
Bidun, and "Cromer" occurs as a place name as early as 47 Hen. III., which would 
gi»e no time for the acquirement of the name. 



•l8 CROMER, PAST AND TRESENT. 

height of the cliffs, covered by Britons, prevented the landing 
of the Romans. If we admit that Cantium was the Roman name 
for Norfolk, and that our dingy-looking cliffs were "white" 55 B.C., 
there is a good deal in his theory, which will be found discussed 
more at length in the Appendix. 

The first mention of Shipdcn in history is, as usual, in Domes- 
day, where it occurs as " Shipedana," '' Sccpedana," " Scepedcne," 
and " Scipedana." 

.The name Cromer first occurs in 47 Hen. III. (1262), in the will 
of Sir John de Repps, and in conjunction with Shipdcn, in the 
Hundred Rolls (1274), but it does not occur in either of the Sub- 
sidy Rolls of 1327, 1333, or 1334. In 131S the curious form of 
Shypeden juxta Felbrigg occurs (De Banco Roll, Michs., 1 1 Ed. 
II., memb. 282). 

In 135S the "merchants of Cromer" arc mentioned, and " Crow- 
mere Church " occurs in 1374 and 1382. In 1380 the " fishermen 
of Cromer" are mentioned, and in 13S2, a man describes himself 
in his will as of Cromer, while in 1390, the men of the town of 
Shipden had letters patent in aid of a pier i/icy had built "in com- 
mercio vocato Crowemere." This would seem at first glance to 
look as though " Crowmere " were the place by the actual sea, as 
has been sometimes argued by those who think the present Church 
is Shipden, and that Cromer is the buried one, a position which is 
to a certain extent borne out by the fact that the new Church, 
which in 1337, was to take the place of the old one, whose church- 
yard had for twenty years been wasted by the sea, was to be built 
on an acre of land in Shipden. 

Shipden had not at that time even begun to lose its own name. 
Its market and fair were renewed to it in 1285, and again in 1426, 
under the name of "Shipden" ; but it cannot be denied that from 
the end of the fourteenth century, the fishing place and port were 
always called Cromer. Besides references to the merchants and 
fishermen of Cromer in 135S and 1380, the market and port of 
Cromer occurs in 1391, the mariners of Cromer in 1405, the mer- 
chants of Cromer in 1410, the ships taken for war from Cromer in 
14 1 7, and the Paston letters refer to the Haven Courts of Cromer 
in 1449. In 1425 (10 Hen. V.) we have "Shipden by Cromer." 

The form Shipdcn alias Cromer begins about 1452, and the name 



THE BURIED CITY AND NEW TOWN. 



19 



of Shipdcn by itself falls out altogether about 14S3, but is retained 
as Cromer alias Shipden for many years.* 

So much for the two old names of the place. It is a spot which 
lias for a century or so been greatly loved by those who knew it 
well, and amongst others by myself, who for this reason have tried 
in the following pages to give as good an account of it as I can. 



• At one time I thought that Cromer might have taken its name, as Richmond in 
i^dTTvy di.l from Richmond, Yorkshire, Wm. de Warrene being said to hold (Inq. p.m., 
15 hid. I., No. 23) 

Crowmer's manor in Ox/crJ, 
Beeston manor in Norfolk, 
and wc know he had a manor in Cromer here too. Again there is a Crommer in Berks, 
alio Cromer Lotte in Sussex, both of which occur in the Duchy of Lancaster pro- 
ccolings. 



CHAPTER II. 
"^^e "§$Tanors. 

I DO not propose to enter as fully as possibly I might on the 
early history of the various manors in Shipden and Cromer. 

An elaborate account of them would be chiefly interesting to 
genealogists, and with two or three exceptions, the families who 
held them are dead and gone, and the village knows them no 
more. 

So I have strung together all I have been able to find, and will 
leave it to others to amplify, if they feel so disposed, the outline 
sketches I subjoin. 

There were when Domesday was taken four manors here. 
The words of the record are shown in the facsimile opposite. 
Shortly speaking they were : — 

1. The King's Private Manor. Out of this I apprehend 

was carved 

(la.) BidiDi's manor, afterwards held by the families of 

de Limesi and Odingsclls, as mentioned hereafter. 

De Bidun in turn subenfeoffed a \i, of a 

knight's fee to (i^.) \Vm. of Worcester. 
Odingsells subenfeoffed (i^.) I3 of a knight's 
fee to \Vm. de Wcyland, and this became 
Weyland's, or Pastons manor, and now 
belongs to the Cabbell family. 

2. Bigod's Irlanor. 

Bigod subenfeoffed 

[De Crey/Ss manor, which in whole or in part became 
Ufford's manor, afterwards Arnold's (sometimes 
(ii(7.)i Hermer's), afterwards Underwood's and Wind- 
ham's, now Cabbell's, Out of this was carved 
Cromer Gunners. 



FACSIMILES OF THE ENTRIES IN DOMESDAY BOOK 
RELATING TO SHIPDEN. 

I.— The King's Private Manor. 



/) 



2.— Bigcd's Manor. 

ZsT-jY* liar- vxis • f^r^ rr? • x:' 

3.— Beaufoy*s, or tlie Bishop's Manor. 

W'poTrh' T.AC. pa. Tciu!;. ir.fnir.-ni^V v.fot <5r. un-^. ^rJnr ^nl^n- 

4.— St. Benet's Manor, 



THE MANORS. 21 

(ii^.) De Bcrningham and Dc Bradcston. 
(iiV.) De Thorp's inauor, who subcnfcoffcd. 
(ii^.) Rcyvics and Tenant { Tcbaut ?) 

Possibly this was Tomlyn's manor. 

3. Eeaufoy's, or the Bishop's Llanor. 

SubenfeorTcd to dc Egmcre. 

I have heard it suggested that Ufford Hall 
(Arnold's) manor was held of this chief manor, and 
not of Bigod's. 
4- St. Benet's Manor, or Shipden Abbots. 

Le Neve said years ago, "This manor is in the 
sea now." 

Besides the Domesday manors there were :— 

5. Lancaster's :Manor. Originally held by the de Veres, and 

went in turn by marriage to the de Warren's, and to John 
of Gaunt, and so passed with the Duchy of Lancaster : 
now Lord Sufficld's. 

Possibly this was a part of I. 

6. Cromer Gunners, also Lord Sufticld's ; a subdivision of 

Arnold's manor, sometimes called Gigg's and Inglond's. 

7. Cromer Tomlins, 

8. Cromer Ropers. 



(DOMESDAY MANOR, No. I.) 
The King's Private Elanor in Shipden. 

This was a beruitc of the king's manor of Aylsham, and was ^.}'':, , 

J. 1110 »v a.j u. c> J -r,- 1 1 • 1 ' Bidun s after- 

either in whole or in part held by Halnad dc Bidun, at one knight s „ardi Limesi's, 
fee, by the grant of Henry I., as a member of the manor of J^^.t^Jj^j: 
Aylsham. His daughter and heiress, Amy, married Gerard ^/i? neys manor. 
Litnesi (see writ for post-mortem, 33 Hen. HI., and Excerpta e 
Rot Fin. i. p. 342, and ii. p. 5i\ and had issue— 

I. John de Limesi, who died 1 19S, leaving a son and heir, 
{a.) Hugh de Limesi, who diQdpost 1223, s.p. 



22 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

2. Basilia dc Limcsi (co-hciress with her sister). She married 

Hugh dc Odingsels, who died 1238, and her son, Sir 
WilHam de Odingsels, of Souhull, acquired the other half 
of the advowson here from his kinsman, Henry de Pinkney. 

3. AHanor de Limcsi (co-heircss with her sister). She married 

David de Lindsay, \x\\o died 12 14, and besides sons, who 

died s.p., had a daughter Ah'ce, who married Sir Henry de 

Pinkeny, and whose son and heir, Henry dc Pinkeny, sold 

his half of the advowson to Sir. \Vm, de Odingsells.* 

The latest I can trace of the de Odingsells family is that " the 

heirs of Hugh dc Odingsells" are returned as holding one-third 

of a knight's fee in Shipden. (Book of Aids, 20 Ed. HI., 1347.) 

Is. Of the subholding by \Vm. de Woreesier, all I know is that he 

Worcester s ■=> y 

maaor. hcld a quarter of a knight's fee of Halnad de Bidun in the begin- 

ning of the reign of Henry H. 

IVey/ands. 

A later subholding was that (one-third of a knight's fee) which 
William de VVeyland held of Hugh de Odingsels, in 24 Hy. HI. 
An earlier and ample pedigree of the de Weylands will be found 
in Blomeficld's Norf., vi. p. 173. Their arms are said by Norris to 
be Ar. on a cross gu. 5 escallops or.f 

In the next reign, Nicholas de IVeyland also held a manor in 
Oxburgh of Robt. Burnel (who hcld of de Odingsels), having mar- 
ried his daughter Julian. 

This Nicholas had a resettlement of the manor and land at 
Shipden, S Edw. I. (X. Erp., p. 1S7), and a grant of a market and 
fair here, 13 Edw. I. (Charter Roll, Xo. 102.) 

His son and heir is said to be Robert, but this manor at all 
events descended to 

William de Weyland, who married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Laurence de Ruston, and settled land in Shipden and Overstrand 
by fine, 12 Edw. H. (1318). Pie died in 1327, seized of the manor 
of Overstrand and lands in Shipden, members of the said manor 
all held of the heirs of John de Limesi. 

• SeeAttd in Madox's Formulare, p. 311. 

t This return says William de Weyland held of Hugh de Odingsells, and he of Lord 
Sea!iS, and he of the King, hut T c.innot trace this. 



Ic. 

Wey land's ma- 
nor. 



THE MANORS. 23 

His son and heir was found to be 

Robert de \Vcyland,w'\\o,\x\ 19 Ed. II. (1326), had the manors 
of Ovcrstrand and Shipdcn settled on him and his heirs by his wife 
Cecilia, who was the dauc^hter of Sir Thomas Baldock, and niece of 
Robert de Baldock, Bishop of Nonvich. 

His inquisition post mortem was held 20 Edw. III., when his 
son and heir was found to be 

Sir Edmund de Weylaud, but he dyings s.p. about 43 Edw. III., 
was succeeded by his brother, 

Sir John de Weyland, who married Burga, dau.<:jhter and heir of 
John Sparwe, or Sparrow, by his wife, Burga de Vaux. Their son, 

Peter de Weyland, like his uncle, died without issue, so his 
sister, 

Elizabeth Weyland, became the heiress of the family. She 
married John Harewell, of Warwickshire, but had no male issue, 
her daughter and heir being 

Joan Harezvc/l, who married and survived John Stretche, of 
Devon, and no doubt sold the manor. 

Soon after, though how I do not exactly know, it passed to the 
Pastons. 

In 1422 (10 Hen. V.), Richard Rede, a feoffee of this manor, 
released it, i.a., to Richard Harewell, clerk (probably an uncle of 
the heiress). \Vm. Hoddesfcld, Alexander Lynde, Wm. Paston of 
Paston, and Thos. Poye,* his co. feoffees, who had had this and 
other manors by the grant of Johanna, widow of John Stretche, 
Esq., by fine, d. 5 July, 10 Hen. V. 

By an entry in the Paston letters (iii., p. 451), the manor is des- 
cribed in 1444 as being " late of Clement Paston and Hugh atte 
Fen," and to have formed the subject of a settlement on the 
marriage of William Paston, the judge, with Agnes Berry. 

William Paston, by his will d. 31 January, 1444 {id. p. 454), 
leaves the reversion of this manor, subject to his wife's life interest, 
to his son, 

Edmund Paston, and his heirs male.f 

In Dame Agnes Paston's will, d. 1466 (/'./. ii. p. 2S7), she 

* Close Roll, 10 Hen. V., m 3. 

t In 1451, the " Baly of Cromer" is mentioned in ihe Paston Letters, i. p. 217, and 
sa id. iii. pp. 205, 257, 262, and 4S8. 



24 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

refers to her life interest as bcin_f^ over " the manors of Paston, 
Latymer, and Shypden, and Ropers in Crowmer." 

It would seem that by some family arrangement or purchase, 
the manor passed from Edmund Paston to his brother Sir John, 
to whom, in 1479, a kinsman wrote — "Syr, your tenauntes at 
Crowmer say that they know not who shal be their lord ; they 
marvayll that ye nor no man for yow hath not yet ben there " {id. iii, 
p. 257), and later in the same year Sir John writes (zV/. p. 262), that 
his brother Edmund should ride to {i.a.) Cromer, and enter the 
manor in his name. 

Sir William Paston, knic^ht, m 1544 (10 June, 36 Hy. VIII.), 
settled Cromer Weylands and other manors to the use of himself 
and his wife Bridget for their lives, and the life of the longer liver 
of them, and afterwards to the uses of his will. The trustees were 
Edwd. Gryffyn, Nicholas Rokewode, and Thoipas Atkyns.* 

In 1564 (Easter) there was a praecipe to William Paston to sur- 
render ii.a^ the manor of Cromer to Bernard Themilthorp. 

From 1642 to 1651, Sir William Paston, bart, was lord, as 
appears by the Court Book of the manor of Cromer Weylands in 
my possession. 

From 1652, Robert Paston, Esq., his son and heir apparent, was 
lord. 

In 1658, Sir William Paston, bart., vras lord. 

He died in 1662, and his son, Sir Robert Paston, was created 
Viscount Yarmouth ; but the title expired in the next generation, 
on the death of the latter's son William, the second earl, in 1732. 

Blomefeld, under Oxncad, says, that the last earl left his estate 
to pay his debts, and this manor, v/ith that of Paston, was bought 
by the celebrated George Anson, the circumnavigator, then George 
Anson, Esq., but afterwards Baron Anson, of Soberton. Pie died 
in 1762, and was, I think, succeeded by his elder brother Thomas, 
who was lord here in 1766. He. too, dying without issue, this and 
other manors passed to his nephew and sister's son, George Adams, 
who assumed the surna.me of Anson. The latter's son, Thomas 
Anson, was lord in 1791, and held the title of Viscount Anson 
granted to him in 1S06. 

• Norris Charters, B. p. 23. 



THE MANORS. 2$ 

The manor afterwards passed to G. Stanley Repton, Esq. * and 
the Rt. Hon. Lady Elizabeth Repton, his wife (who was a daughter 
of the great Lord Eldon) who were owners of the manor in 1854, 
and sold to William Henry Scott, who in turn sold it to the late 
Benjamin Bond Cabbell, Esq., M.P., in 1862, who was already 
lord of Ufford's Hall Manor. For the subsequent descent, see that 



(DOMESDAY MANOR, No. H.) 
Bigod's Manor. 

This was held by Roger Bigod at Domesday, being the holding 
of which a freeman, named Osborn, had been deprived. 

Roger le Bygod and Alice his wife held ii.a.) land here in the 
35 Ed. L (Inq. p.m.) 

In 20 Ed. HI, (1347), the heir of the Earl of Norfolk was found 
to hold one-eighth of a knight's fee of the king. 

From a statement in 35 Ed. I., that John de Thorp (who we 
know had succeeded to the De Crcyk manor) and his parceners 
held land in Shipdcn of Roger Bigod, I have little doubt that it 
was out of this fee that the following subfee was created. 

De Crej'k's Manor. IIa. "a. 

De Creyk s 

Before 24 Henry HI., Roger fil' Peter fil' Osbert, who had 
married Sara, daughter of Barthn: de Crcyk., subinfeoffed one-third 
of a knight's fee to Richard de Bcrningham, who had in turn subse- 
feoffed to William de Bradenham and Roger de Reymes. 

In 36 Hen. HI., Margaret de Crcyk, widow, and her son Robert 
de Creyk, had an interest here. 

Robert probably died without issue, for 

In 34 Ed. I., Roger de Creyk, son [of the said] Sarra by [Roger 
fil'] Peter fil' Osbert died, seized of a quarter of a knight's fee here, 
when Sarra's cousins, Rosie, wife of Edward de Pakenham, and 
Cecilia, wife of Robert dc UiTord, were found to be her heirs (Inq. 



manor. 



• I do not know if he was any relation to Humphrey Repton, the celebrated landscape 
gardener, who died in i8i8, and lies buried in Aylsham churchyaid. In 1809, William 
Repton was steward and solicitor at Aylsham. 

D 



26 CROMER, PAST x\ND PRESENT. 

p.m., No. 58), and the estate was found to be a quarter of a knight's 
fee held by Wilh'am de Bradenham." 

There was, however, another claimant, John dc Thorp, who 
claimed to be kinsman of Margaret de Creyk ; but I do not see 
how she could have any heritable right in the manor, being only 
the widow of a former owner. He established his right as to the 
manor of Combes, and such right was probably compromised by 
the gift of some interest here, for his name occurs as a subholder 
afterwards, [see iir.] 

iiA continued (?) Ufford's Manot'.f (IlA continued.) 

Ufford's manor -'-' ' ^ ^ 

This manor was, I expect, the same as the last, and took its 
name from Cecilia de Ufford, who probably bought out the other 
moiety. 

The Ufford family remained here long, for Sir Edmund de 
Ufford (" le cousin "), son of Sir Ralf de UlTord, and brother to 
Robert Earl of Suffolk by Eva de Clavering his wife, by his will 
proved 1374, gave to the High Altar of Shipden 6s. Sd., and to the 
repair of the Church 13s. 4d. (Regr. Heydon, fo. 45b). 

In 1 391 (14 Ric, II.), Sir Robert Ufford, knight, granted the 
manors of Horsford, Hautbois Magna, Cromer, and Burgh in Flegg 
to Isabel Beauchamp, Sir IMiles Stapulton, and William Wynter 
(Norris Charters, A. p. 39). 

I do not know when the Uffords parted with the manor to the 
Arnolds, who, in their turn, gave it their name. 

Ar^^°id's^ m^- William Arnold, of Cromer, occurs in the list of Norfolk Gentry 
for 12 Hen. VI. (1433). There is still a brass to him and his wife 
Johanna in the church, in which he is described as William 
Arnold, bastard. :|: 

• As to him and his subfeoffees, z&o. post, 

t On the other hjind, Ufford's manor, in Cromer, is said to have been aftenvards held 
by \Vm. Arnold, of the Prior of Walsingham, as of his manor of Egmcre, which would 
seem to make it a subholding of Beaufoy's, or the Bishop's Manor. (Domesday Manor, 
No. III.) Moreover, Ufford's Hall Manor is still sometimes called '■'alias Egmere's." 

X From this and from the fact that these Cromer Arnolds bore Sa. a chev, between 3 
dolphins naiant ar., it may be that he was a bastard off^.hoot of the neighbouring family 
of Damme, of Sustead, who bore Sa. 3 fishes naiant in pale ar. On the other hand he 
may have sprung from Hugh Arnald, who was of Bradheld, in 1353 (Norfolk Fines, 
Ed. in., No. S93), or may have been the William Arnold, spicer, of Norwich, in 1410 



nor 



formerly U 



THE MANORS. 2/ 

This son, Richard Ai-nold, died lord of the manors of UfTords 
and Tomlins,* and mentioned them in his testament, dated 30 
Dec, 1472, and proved 24 Jan. following. He ordered his body to 
be buried where it should please God, and gave to the High Altar 
of Shypden 5 marks, to the fabric lo marks, to each of the gilds of 
SL Peter and St. Ann there 40s., to the plough light 6s. 8d., to the 
fabric of " Le pere," 5 marks for a chaplain to celebrate for 5 years, 
in the said church, for his soul, «S:c., and another chaplain to cele- 
brate for 2 years, in the said church, for the souls of William 
Arnold and Joan his wife, father and mother of the said Richard, 
at the altar of St. ]Mary of Pity. To each order of friars in 
Norwich he gave los. He named for executors his wife Margery, 
Robert Herward,f of Alburgh, William Lomnor, of jManyngton, 
and William Bond, of Shypden, to each of whom he gave 4 marks. 
By his last will of the same date, he gave to Tvlargery his wife, his 
messuage in which he dwelt, for the term of her life ; also he gave 
to his said wufe, his manor in Shypden, called Ufford's and 
Thomelyn's, with all the lands, rents, &c., thereto belonging in Shyp- 
den, Runton, Felbrygg, Roughton, Northreppys, and Overstrond, and 
also his manor in North Tudenham, called Senders, with the lands, 
rents, &c., thereto belonging in Tudenham aforesaid, Hokeryng, 
Mattishale, and other towns adjoining, and all other his messuages, 
lands, and tenements in Shypden (except 2 messuages, &c., the one 
called Rudds, and the other Le Walles, and except a certain mill 
with the appurtenances), until his son William should come to the 
age of 24 years without impeachment of waste, after which he gave 
all the said manors, &c. (together with the reversion of the afore- 
said messuages after his wife's death), to the said William his son, 
and to the heirs of his body, paying thereout to the said Alargery 
20 marks a year during her life, rem. to Edmund his son in tail, 
rem. to his executor to be sold ; to Edmund his son he gave ;^40, 
to be paid when he comes out of his apprenticeship. To Robert 
his son, his tenement called Hastyngs in Shypden, in fee, and also 

(Freemen's Roll), in which year we find him first at Cromer as witness to a deed 
(post Appendix Iv.). The last guess is rather borne out by the fact that William 
Arnold of Cromer (his descendant), sold land at Norwich in 1542 (Elomcfield iv., p. 120). 

• I cannot trace this second manor. 

t This Robt. Herward, by his will, d. 14S1, left a manor in Cromer to his wife Anne 
for life, and after his death to her son Clement (Reg. Caston, fo. iSoa). This Clement 
was afterwards William Arnold's trustee, of Arnold's manor. 



28 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

£20. To Joan his daughter, his mill aforesaid, to her and her 
heirs for ever ; his lands and tenements in Hcvyngham to be sold 
by his executors (Reg. Golour, f Gc). 

His wife Margaret was the daughter of Clement Herward, of 
Alborough, and no doubt the sister of the Robert Herward, whom 
he named as his executor. By her he had two sons, William and 
Robert, and a daughter Joan. He died in 1473. 

His eldest son, William Arnold, who must have been under 24 
in 1472, died about 1523, and in his inquis. post mortem (held 18 
Nov. 15 Hen. VHL), the 2 manors are referred to as being settled 
by his father Richard through John Symonds (no doubt a trustee) 
on William Gurnay, John Wotton, Clement Herward, John Wynter, 
and William Gurnay, jun., to the use of his son this William 
Arnold and the latter's wife Isabella, and the heirs of their body. 

He is said to have married twice, first to Isabella, daughter of 
John Wooton, of N. Tudenham, Esq., and secondly, Catherine,* 
daughter of James Arblaster, Esq., and to have had issue by his 
first wife only. The inquisition quoted above, states that his son 
and heir was William Arnold, then aged 22 years and upwards. 

Former writers do not mention the fact, but I think there must 
have been another 

William Arnold, for on October, 1566, administration was 
granted in the Consistory Court to William Arnold, of Cromer, to 
his son William, who was probably the 

William Arnold— "tha son" married twice— first, Prudence, 
daughter of Reginald Bowes, of Bedingham, Suffolk, and secondly, 
Margaret, daughter of Edward Rous, of Craneford. Suffolk. 

He must have in some way parted with his life interest in the 
manor, for v.-hen it was sold in 1581 by his son, he was not made 
a party to the fine. 

He died (so says Norris) "in low circumstances" at Booton, 
having by his will, dated 10 May, 1586, and proved 9 July, 15S9, 
directed to be buried in the church there, before his stool ; to his 
daughters Margaret Arnolde, Kathn. Arnolde, Mary Arnoldc, and 
Prudence Arnolde, specific legacies, and to his daughter Anne 
Arnoldc ^^5, and other things ; to his cousin Will Reymes 4a. of 
land lying in his the said William Reymes' fold-course at Ovcr- 

• Probably the Catherine Arnold whose brass was in the Church. 



THE MANORS. 29 

strond upon certain conditions, and whereas it did not appear that 
he had given his eldest daughter Gertrude Arnolde, nor his two 
younger sons anything, for their le,:^acies left them by Joan 
Harward,* he had already paid them, " which was more than he 
was able to do to his other children ; " to his daughter Prudence he 
gave 2 spoons, which were given to her by her godfather and god- 
mother, Mr. Thomas Grosse and the Lady Chadworth, of Rutland 
shire, and made his brother, John Rowse, and two of his sons, 
William Arnolde and Edmond Arnolde, executors, and !\Ir. Justice 
Windham and Mr. Ruggc, supervisors (Reg. Flack, 84b). 

Richard Arnold^ the elder son of this William Arnold, together 
with his brothers William and Edmund, sold the manor of 
"Uffordys and Tomlyngs als. Tomlyns " (with ;^3 6s. Sd. annual 
rent, and other lands and faldage in Cromer als. Shipden, X. 
Repps, Roughton, Felbrigg, and Overstrand) for £^0), to Robert 
Underzi'ood, gent, and ^Margaret his wife (Feet of Fines, ]\Iichs., 
22 — 3 Eliz.). 

I do not know what became of Richard, but expect that his 
brother, William Arnold, son of William Arnold, of Booton, was 

the William Arnold who married Wheatley, and is a legatee 

of property in N. Creake, under the will of Arthur Wheatly, of 
Holkham, gent, died 1600, who also mentions Francis Arnold and 
Wheatley Arnold, probably his nephews (Reg. Gardiner, 218a). 

Robert Underzuood, as we have seen, bought the manor of Undenvaod's^ 
Richard Arnold in Michs., 22 — 23 Eliz.-f* 

He was the son (see X. Erpingham, p. 19S) of James Underwood, 
of Bixley, by Margaret Bov/er, and married Margaret, daughter of 
Edmund Lumnor, of ]\Iannington. 

His will is dated 2 ]\Iarch, 1587, and by it he directs his body 
to be buried in Cromer Church, and gave his wife a life interest 
in the manor and other property, charged with an annuity to his 
eldest son, /^rw^i- Undcricood. He also mentions his son Thomas 
and his daughter Kathcrine, to whom he left ^,"200 each.* 

• It will be remembered that his grandmother was a Ilerward of Albur^^h. 

f He also bought land in Larniiigham and Cromer, Ilil., 25 Elizabeth, of John 
Dodge, Esq. 

X Blomefield makes out that Robert Underwood being dead, his son Samuel died 
without iisue, and Catherine, the latter's sister, inherited, .ind brought it by marriage to 
William Hobart, gent., of Metton, " who was lord in 1615 ; " but I cannot reconcile this 
with the facts I have given in the text. 



30 CROMER, PAST AND RRESENT. 

His son James was alive in Michs., 13 James I. (1616), when he 
was a party to a fine in X. Repps, and in 17 James I., when he 
bought land of Sir Richard Grcsham in Roughton.* 

He made his Vvill d. 29 Au.::^ust, 1631, as follows: — 

He directed his body to be buried in the parish church of 
Cromer, according to the will and appointment of his executrix, 
and gave to the poor and the Church of Cromer £s> to be equally 
divided between them, and mentioned that his estate was but small, 
and that his wife " was one than whom there was none better." 
He gave to Ann.f his wife, his manor of UiTord als. Ermer's, in 
Cromer, Ronton, Fclbrig, Roughton, and Xorthrepps, to her and 
her heirs for ever, together with all his messuages, lands, and tene- 
ments, freehold and charterhold, and directed that if his estate 
could not perform what he owes and gives, then his wife may sell 
the manor of Ufford, Witnesses — Richard Herrick, Robert Baxter, 
and James Davye. This will was proved 21 Sept., 1631,1! by his 
relict, who mai;ried, secondly. Sir George Wyndham, sixth son of 
Sir John Windham of Orchard Windham, Somerset, an adherent 
of the Commonwealth, being Commissioner for raising the assess- 
ment under Fairfax, in 1644. 
Vyndham's A fine of the manor v.-as levied Tria, 13 Charles I. (1637), by 
°°^'. ''°™"'y which Sir George Wyndham and Anne his wife, and Fras. 
Symonds, gent., and Katherine his wife (probably joined as 
, sister and heiress of James Underwood, to prevent questions), sold 
the manor for ^^40 to Sir Edward Havers, knight and bart., Thomas 
Wyndham, Esq., and Ambrose Sheppard, gent., who were prob- 
ably the trustees of the Wyndham settlement (Feet of Fines, Trin., 
13 Charles I.). 

After her death, Sir George Wyndham seems to have married 
Frances, daughter and heir of Frances Davy,* who was the daughter 
of William Hobart, of Metton, by Catherine Underwood, the 
daughter of Robert Under.vood, the purchaser of the manor from 
Arnold, which Catherine is said to have been daughter and heiress 
of his brother James. Sir George died 27 November, 16C3, his son 
and heir being 

* Feet of Fines, N. Erpin^ham, p. 574. 

t Daughter of Godfrey. 

J By her husband James, sen of Sir Henry Davy (Blomefield). 
ii Regr. Peri;all, fo. lOS. 



THE MANORS. 31 

Francis Wyndham, who married Frances, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Darcll, and had issue Francis, Joseph, and James. 

Francis WyndJiam was father of 

Thomas WyndJiain* of Clearwell, Gloucester, the father of John 
Wyndham, of Cromer (the younc^er son of his father, and I presume 
heir to a brother William, who Blomeficid says was heir in 1765), 
who died 26 April, 1763 (1765 ?), ac^cd 32. He married Elizabeth 
(daughter of Richard Dalton, by Ivlary, daughter of George 
Wrighte\ who died 19 January, 1785, aged 58, and was father of 

George Wyndham, of Cromer Hall, born 1766 (?), and died i 
(3 ?) January, iSio, aged 48, having by his wife :\Iarianne, daughter 
of Col. Philip Bacon, had issue {i.a>j, 

George Thomas WyndJiam, of Cromer Hall, who was married 
twice, first, to Maria Augusta, second daughter of Vice-Admiral 
William Windham, of Felbrigg (the grandfather of "mad" Wind- 
ham), and afterwards wife of William Viscount Listowel. By his 
first wife he had issue, 

George Thojhas Wright Wyndham, born 21 Sept, 1828, and 
died 27th Feb., 1S37, an infant. 

By his death the manor passed to his sisters. Lady Macdonald 
and Cecilia, the wife of Lord Alfred Paget, who with their -mother, 
the Countess of Listowel, soldf in 1S52 to Benjamin Bond Cabbcll, 
Esq., who, in his will, is described as of Dunard's Row, Dumbar- 
tonshire, N.B., and who also lived in Chapel Street, Edg\vare Road. 
He was a very eccentric man, and was the third son, born 178 1, of 

♦ Among the papers belonging to J. J. Colman. Esq.. M.P., which he kindly lent me, 
was the account of Richard Ellis, steward of this manor, with Thomas Wyudham, Esq., 

1745-174S. 

It is not particularly interesting, but there are pa)Tnents for two men planting trees, 
for 100 bindings round trees, for cutting thorns to fence the trees, for men thinning the 
groves, stopping gaps, planting trees in Burnt Hill, for 3 bushels of acorns, 3/-. Mr. 
William Cubilt's bills, £^ 135. od. and £,2Z iSs. 8d., way relate to an attempted sea 
defence. 

On 12 September, 1747, is the entry, "Two men one day pulling down chancel 
pillar, 2/4." 

Mr. BuUwer, schoolmaster, is mentioned in October, 1747. 

These Wyndhams were no relations of the "mad" Windham of Felbrijrg, to whose 
ancestors, the Lukins, the property was left by William Wyndham, the statesman, and 
who assumed the surname. Of them and their history, I hope to treat some day in 
Felbrigg. 

t The price of the whole estate was, I believe, ;{^65,coo, the bidders-up being the 
Buxtoas. 



32 CROMER, PAST AND FRESENT. 

Mr. George Cabbcll, of Vcrc Street, Oxford Street, by Mary, 
daughter of j\Ir. Thomas Bliss, wliose executor he was. He was 
educated at Westminster and Exeter College, Oxford. He was a 
Bencher of the Middle Temple, J. P. and D.L. for Middlesex and 
Norfolk, Sheriff for Norfolk, and M.P. for St. Albans in 1846, and 
Boston 1847. He died in 1874, being a very old man, and by his 
will, proved 23 December, 1874, left all his property to his cousin 
John Cabbell. "Sir. John Cabbell, a barrister, formerly of the West 
Indies, and in 1851 of Glasgow, assumed the additional name of 
Bond; and died 25 October, 1S7S, in his 71st year. He was a D.L. 
and J.P., and by his will, the manor passed to his widow, Mrs. 
Margaret Bond Cabbell (nee Dewar). for her life, with remainder to 
her son, Benjamin Bond Bond-Cabbell. 
I am informed that — 

"The right to wreck of the sea and the right of sea beach have 
always been claimed by the owner for the time being of the Cromer 
Hall estate, as incidents belonging to the above-mentioned manors of 
Ufford's* Hall in Cromer, Beeston Regis, Beeston Prion-, and Sher- 
ringham Morley Hall, and at the time of the enquiry which was insti- 
tuted in or about the year 1S56, by the Board of Trade, under the 
Merchant Shipping Act, as to the rights of lords of manors to unclaimed 
wreck along the coast, certain documentary evidence was produced on 
behalf of the late Mr. Benjamin Bond Cabbell before the Commissioner 
holding the enquiry, from which he was satisfied of Mr. Cabbell's title 
to wreckage of the sea." 

Cromer Hall, which is the manor house, is described in the 
" Norfolk Tour" as a " respectable old house." It was pulled down 
and rebuilt in 1827 by G. T. Windham, only, however, to be burned 
down in 1829. It was rebuilt in the very modern Gothic style, 
partly at the time and partly in 1S76. 
iii. 
De Beming- ..^ ^ Bcmuighain and Dc Bradenham Snbholding. 

lam and de Bra- "^ "^ 

leuhais's. 

The history of the subholding created by Richard de Berningham, 
the subtenant of Roger Fitz Osbert, out of the de Creyk manor 
(which he had acquired with his wife), is very involved. 

These are the facts, as far as I know them : 

Richard de Berningham* subinfeoffcd before 24 Henry III., 

• I do not know what became of his interest, or what we should now call his "im- 
proved ground rent." 



THE MANORS. 33 

"one-third" of a knight's fee to Wm. de Rradcnham and Roger do 
Reymes. This may be a mistake for " one-eighth," for in the Inq,, 
20 Ed. III. (N. Erp., 191), "the one-eighth formerly held by Wm. 
de Bradenham and Roger dc Reymes" is referred to. In 17 Ed. 
II., it is, however, said to be one-fourth (see id. p. 190). 

I should imagine that some sort of a partition or sale took place 
of this holding, whatever it was, for in 24 Hen. III., 

(^.) Wm. de Bradenham > ^^^ ^^^^ ^^_ Erpingham, p. 186), 
{b) Robert Tcbaut ( ^^ j^^^j one-eighth of a knight's 

(..). Roger de Rc)-mes i ^^^ ^^ ^ ^^ ^^^^^^^ 



(d.) Wm. Hervy 



'£>"• 



(a.) As to WiHiam de Bradenham, he is said at the same time to DeBraJenham 
hold one-eighth of a knight's fee separately of Richard de Berning- 
ham, and he of Roger Fitz Osbern (Inquis., 24 Hen. III., N. 
Erp., p. 187). Described as William fil' Walter de Bradenham, he 
sued Baldwin de Odingsclls in Shipden, see Patent Roll, 2 Ed. I., 
m 16, and 3 E*d. I., m 18. At the same time, Baldwin de Oding- 
sells was suing him in turn, and also Edmund de Egmere. 

In 20 — 21 Edw. I., he and Isabel his wife granted to Magr. John 
de Bradenham, land in Shipden, N. Repps, and Overstrand, to 
hold of them as of fee (Feet of Fines, Norf., 20 — 21 Edw. I., 
No. 617). 

His widow Isabel and his son William sold land to Hugh 
Tebaud (kinsman, no doubt, of his coparcener) in 18 Ed. II. 
(Feet of Fines, Ed. II., No. 994). 

In 20 Ed. III., the one-eighth of a knight's fee, "which William 
de Bradenham and Roger de Reymes formerly held," is mentioned 
(Inquis., 20 Ed. III., N. Erp., 191), which would look as though the 
" one-third " mentioned above was a mistake. 



(3.) As to Robert Tcbaut, I know no more, but Hugh Tebaut, 
probably his son, and others held another holding in Shipden, at 
the service of one-fourth of a knight's fee of John de Thorp, see 
no (Exch., 17 Ed. II., ist part, N. Erp., 190), and in the next year, 
18 Ed. II., we have seen he bought land of Isabel de Bradenham 
and her son William. 

In 20 Ed. III., he and others held one-eighth of a knight's fee of 



De Thorp's 
manor. 



34 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

Robert de Bcnhalc*, and he of the Earl of Norfolk (20 Ed. III., 
N. Erp., p. 190). 

In 3 Hen. IV. (1401), the heirs of Robert Tebald held a share of 
the one-eighth knight's fee (p. 193). 

(c.) Roger dc Rcyvics, who held in 24 Hen. III., was no doubt 
ancestor of 

Roger (dc) Rcymes, who held with others what is then said to 
be one-fourth of a knight's fee in 17 Ed. II. (Esch., 17th Ed. II., 
1st part). 

{d?) William Hervy,\\\\o held in 24 Hen. III., was probably a 
descendant of Hervy de Shypden, a witness to an early deed (N. 
Erp., p. 186). 

Clement Hervy held a share in 23 Edward III., and probably 
settled it by fine (N. Erpingham, p. 191). 

It has bpen suggested that this surname was a corruption of 
Herward. There certainly was a Clement Herward. 

De Thorp's Manor. 

John de Thorp, as mentioned before, claimed the de Creyk 
holding as kinsman and heir of ]\Iargery de Creyk. 

In 35 Ed. I. (1305), he and his parceners held in fifteen villages, 
of which Shipden was one, thirteen and a half knight's fees of 
Roger Bigod (X. Erp., p. iSS). 

By 17 Ed. II. (1324), he had subinfeoffed Roger Reymes, Hugh 
Tenant (Tebaut?), and others of a quarter knight's fee (Esch., 17 
Ed. II., 1st part, N. Erp., p. 190). 

Robert de Thorp would seem to have succeeded him, on his 
death, about 23 Ed. III. (1350)- 

John de Thorp was found to be his son and heir (Eschaet, 2nd 
part, 23 Ed. III., No. 164, N. Erp., 191). 

• I cannot trace this Robert de Benhale. 



l«5(i7lG 



THE MANORS. 35 

(DOMESDAY MANOR, Xo. III.) 
Beaufoy's, or the Bishop's Manor. 

This was given by William de Bcaufoy, Bishop of Thctford, to 
the see of Norwich. 

It seems to have been subinfcoffed directly or indirectly to the 
family of de Egmere,* for in 24 Hen. III. (1239— 1240), Robert de 
Egmere held one-fourth of a knight's fee here of the Bishop of 
Norwich. 

In 1275, Edvvardf de Egmere claimed frank pledge and assize 
of bread and beer here (Rot. Hund., see N. Erp., p. 1S7). 

In 1287, John de Egmere defended his right to the same (Quo 
warranto, id. p. 18S). 

In 1347, it was found that the Bishop of Norwich held one- 
fourth of a knight's fee here of the king, that John Leche held of 
him, and Robc-rt de Egmere of John Leche, "which Robert de 
Egmere formerly held" (Inquis., 20 Ed. III., id. p. 190). 

In 1401, Walter de AUington held one-fourth of a knight's fee of 
the Bishop of Norwich (Inquis., 3 Hen. IV., id. p. 193). 

It was the subject of a suit in the 37 Elizabeth (No. 1S4), be- 
tween John Blowfeld, of Cromer, gent, and Thomas Baxter of the 
same place, gent, and Robert Doughty and Henry Playford. The 
bill recites that the Bishop being seized of the manors of Thur- 
garton, Thwayte, and Cromer, let the same by deed, dated the 17th 
Elizabeth, for twenty-one years, at forty marks yearly, to Thomas 
Grene— that Grenc on Blowfyld marrying his "dafter" assigned 
such lease to him— that Bishop Scambler " by the evill counsell " 
of some, not only put out Blowfield from his quiet enjoyment, but 
intended to make frustrate the copyhold tenement of the said 
Baxter, under color that he paid his rent to Bloficld, and for fur- 

• There is a confusion possible here, for in 15 Hen. VIII., Ufford's manor, in Cromer, 
was said by the inquis. post mortem on William Arnold, to be held of the Prior of Wal- 
singham, as of his manor of Egmere. But I cannot help thinking this an error. I find 
no other entry of the Prior in connection with Cromer, and I am probably right in de- 
scribing Ufford's manor as held under the Bigod fief. On the other hand, Ufford's Hall, 
otherwise Egmere's, is now the title of the Cabbell's chief manor. 

t Edmund (?) see a deed same date witnessed, i.a., by Henry de Schypdene and his 
son Nicholas (N. Erp., p. 186). 



36 CRO>rER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

ther vexation did make one estate thereof to one Robert Doughtye, 
Henry Playford, and Robert Fayer, only to vex the said Baxter. 
Doughty and Playford's answer begins by abusing the plaintiff 
Blowfield, who they say is a man who by the space of twenty 
years or thereabouts, has been very contentious against his neigh- 
bours, or such others as have had any business to do with him.* 
They then allege that the lease to Greene was utterly bad at law — 
that Greene fell in arrear with his rent, and agreed to surrender, 
the Bishop remitting him i^So, and that he did surrender at Thur- 
garton Court, on the iS or 19 Elizabeth, and was continued only 
as steward, 

I do not know how the action ended. 

The Bishop of Norwich seems to have had other interests in 
Cromer, e.g., in 12S2, William, Bishop of Norwich, had a charter 
(of release }) from Rcmigius, son of Wm. de ]Meulings, of certain 
knight's fees {i.a, in Shipedcn), which he held of the Bishop and the 
Church of Norwich (Abb. Flacit., pp. 202—3). 

Again it appears that in^5i Ed. III. (1378), William de W>ch- 
ingham and others held land in ii.a?) Cromer of the manor of 
Hockering, which was one of Bishop Beaufoy's manors (Esch., No. 
32, N. Erp., p. 191). 



(DOMESDAY ?vIANOR, No. IV.) 
St. Benet's Manor, or Shipden Abbots. 

Of this manor, held at the time of Domesday by the Abbot of 
St Benet's at Holme, Le Neve sa}-s, in his notes (N. Erp., p. 192), 
that it is " now in the sea." 

Very little is known of its history. In 19 Hen. III. (1234), Sir 
Peter de Alto Bosco (Hautbois) released to the Abbot all his right 
here (Regr. of St. Benet's, fo. 66, N. Erp., 1S6). 

In 3 Ed. I. (1275), it was found that the Abbot held it of the 
king in capite (Rot. Hundred, N. Erp., 1S7). 

In 20 Ed. III. (1247), it was found that the Abbot held a certain 
homage here of the king in capite (Book of Aids). 

♦ There may have been some foundation for this, see the action he brought about 
Cromer pier later on. In this action, too, Thomas Ea.\ter's name also appears. 



THE MANORS. 37 

At the dissolution it seems to have been c^ranted to the Bishop 
of Norwich, and in 3 and 4 Phihp and Mary, Robert Allen was 
bailiff of it, as appears by the Audit Roll of Bishop Hopton, 
Michs., 3 and 4 Fhilip and Mary (X. Erp., p. 194). 

For an entry as to the Abbot of St. Benet's and William Arnold, 
of Cromer, sec Regr. Godsalve, fo. 251b. 

There were several other manors here, no doubt subenfeoffcd of 
one or other of the foregoing, but not now to be traced by me. 
They were : — 

V. The Duchy of Lancaster's Manor (probably a part of Bigod's Cr 
manor). 

Wi'l/iam dc Warren (son and heir of John, Earl Warren, v.'ho 
died 14 Ed. I., v. p.), married Joan, daughter of Robert de Vere, 
Earl of Oxford, and is said to have died, seized of the manor of 
Cromer and Beeston, and to have left John his son and heir (N. 
Erp., p. 188). 

Blanch (descendant of William de Warren) married John of 
Gaunt, and this manor of which I know very little, afterwards 
passed with the Duchy.* 

In 1604, Sir Edvjard Coke held a Court here, and so continued 
till 1634 (Robert Bulleyn being steward), when Edward Dichfield, 
John Heiglord, Humphrey Clarke, and Francis ]Mosse were 
lords. 

In i6SA,John Fielder and Edward Fielder held a Court, and in 
1663, Sir Thomas Rant held his first Court. He was third son of 
Dr. William Rant, of Yelverton, and dying in 1671, was buried in 
Thorpe Market Church. 

Sir William Rant held his first Court in 1676. One of his 
daughters married Robert Britiffe,\ Esq., of Baconsthorpe, who was 
lord in 1731 — 1739, whose daughter and heiress married Harbord 
Harbord, Esq., formerly Cropley, the father of Sir William Morden 
Harbor dy bart., who was lord in 1750. 

• See Duchy of Lancaster proceedings, 6 Edw. VI., vol. 6, c. 12, as to embezzlement 
of the goods of an outlaw. 

t The Britiffes had bought land in Cromer as early as 1663 {see Fine No. 77). 
Edmond Britiffe was of Town Berningham, in 1624 {N. Erp., p. 517). The family was 
afterwards at Plumstead. 



38 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

Sir Harbord Ilarbord. bart., held his first Court in 1773, and 
since then the manor has passed with the rest of Lord Suffield's 
estates, the manor of Cromer Gunnors next mentioned going with 
it 

VI. Cromer Gunnors Manor [sometimes Giggs' and Inglond's]. 

I am told by the steward that in 1530 it was called Shipden 
ex parte Gunnors, and afterwards Heydon's and Robkinge's. 

The first I know of this is that John Gunnor* sold it to Robert 
Gygges, of Sparham, as mentioned in the latter's will, dated 1534, 
and proved i May, 1535, where he describes it as lying in the 
towns of Cromer, Felbrigg, and Runton. He left it to his wife 
Alice for life, and after her death he directed it to be sold by his 
executors, viz., Thos. Clerc, of Acle (his son-in-law), and Thos. 
Boley (Boleyn ?) (Reg. Attemere, 25). [Sir] Thomas Clere, mar- 
ried Anne Gygges (died 1570J, the daughter and heiress of this 
Robert Gygges (Farrer^s Church Heraldry, i. p. 342). 

" Mr. Clere " (no doubt the son-in-law) was said to have a manor 
here in 1535 (see Regr. Godsalve, 251b), and on the death of Sir 
Thomas Clere m 1553, this manor was found by his inquisition to 
be held by him of William Arnold, Esq., as of his manor of 
Arnold's, at 3s. 4d., and to have been late of Richard Bylke, clerk. 
His son and heir was Charles, aged 33. 

The manor was no doubt the subject of the fine, Xo. 47 (see 
Appendix), when in 1555, John Baron, clerk, sold to Thomas 
Robkyn and others. 

Some time before 1572, Thovias RobJ:ingc,\ seems to have held 
it, and it seems to have passed through his widow Cecilia (who 

* The Gunnors were of E, Beckham, where they held the manor of Isaacs, as well as 
land in Shipden. William Gunnor left a widow Cecilia, who was alive in 5 Ed. IV, 
(1465), see N. Erp., p. 34, and had a son, Simon Gunnor. The latter, in 148 1 and 
1484, sold land in Cromer to the Wyndham family {see copies of Charters in possession 
of the Steward of Cromer Gunner's). 

This son was Simon Gunnor, probably father of the John who sold this manor to 
Robert Giggs, who had also bought the E. Beckham manor. 

t He was the Thomas Robkin who died 155S, seized of Westwick, leaving by Cecilia 
his wife, a son and heir, Thomas. He probably held Cromer Gunnors by right of his 
wife only. 



THE MANORS. 39 

afterwards married William Bcckc),* and whose kinsman and heir, 
John Ynglonde, held his first Court in 15 Elizabeth (1572). 

In 1576, Sir Christopher Hcydon was lord, and in 1581, he was 
succeeded by William Heydon, Esq., who held a Court, and was in 
turn succeeded by Dame Anne Heydoii, who was followed by 
Thomas T lie t ford, gent., in 1600. 

In 161 1, Thomas Blofcld, Esq., held a Court. 

In 16 14, Thomas Baxter was lord, and held his first Court. 

In 1621 (Trin., 18 James I.), the manor was the subject of a fine 
between him and Thomas Blofeld, and see Fine 74. 

In 1697, ElizabctJi Bodham, of Swaffham, spinster, was lady of 
the manor, and gave it with the manor and advowson of Overstrand 
to her kinsman, Nathaniel Life. 

This gives us a clue to how the manor came to her, for Blome- 
field speaks of Overstrand being sold by Air. Reymes to Thomas 
Baxter, who gave it to his sister's son, Thomas Bodham, who in 
turn gave it to his sister, no doubt this Elizabeth. 

In 1727, Natlianiel Life died, leaving three children, Philip, 
Elizabeth, and* Alary, of whom Philip was his son and heir, aged 
sixteen, and who, in 1738, suffered a recovery. 

By his will he left his estates to his son, Cessar Life, who was 
twelve years old when his father died, and who held his first Court 
in 1748. He died intestate and without issue, in 1763, leaving his 
Aunt Alary, the wife of Humphrey Rant, Esq., of Ipswich, his 
heiress. 

The Court was held in the name of Humphrey Rant, in 1773, 
and in December, 1773, he and his wife concurred in a fine to give 
her the right to devise. She was a widow in 1778, when she held 
a Court, and died at her house in Ipswich, iSth Alay, 1781. 

Under her will, the manor passed to the Rev. George Betts, of 
Wortham, Suftolk, with remainder to his son, Edmund Betts, who, 
in 1805, settled the manor on Alaria Drury, of Erpingham, spinster, 
his intended wife. By his will, dated 1806, he confirmed the 
settlement, and gave her a life interest, with remainder to his 
father, the said George Betts. He having died, his widow and 
father sold to the Gunton Estate Trustees, and in 1S15, William 

* The heiress of William Becke of S. Repps, married Edward Bulwer of Geistwick, 
Blomefield viii., page 322. 



40 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

Asslieton, Lord SiifficU, held his first Court, and it hois shicc gone 
with Cromer Lancaster. 

In 1764, there seems to have been a dispute about the boundaries 
between this and Cromer Lancasters, 

For a sight of these depositions in the action I am indebted to 
Mr. Colman. Shortly put, they come to this : — 

Richard Payne,* of N. Repps, aged 88, in 1764, deposing that he 
entered the service of Thos. Bodham when he was ten years of 
age, and that when about twenty years old, he was made bailiff of 
the manor, and that he had in his custody two rentals, one for 
1701, and the other for 1703. He remembered that about sixty 
years since a ship laden with deals struck upon the shore at Over- 
strond, and was wrecked there ; that five of the deals came on 
shore to the westward of the post by the beck, the boundary be- 
tween the manors of Cromer Lancaster and Cromer Gunnors, and 
between that place and another place near Gigler's Court, where a 
post then stood on a rock to mark the boundaries of Cromer 
Gunnors ; that ]\Irs, Bodham, the lady of the manor, ordered 
Philip Caston, hQr servant, to take them for her use, which he did, 
and deponent showed Caston the boundaries by her direction. He 
also remembered two dwelling-houses standing against Cromer 
churchyard, which have been many years since washed "down 
clift," both of which were copyhold of Cromer Gunnors, for which 
he received quit rent ; also another dwelling-house, called the 
White Lion, situate to the westward of }vlr. Ellis' present gangway, 
which is washed "down clift," and also belonged to the said 
manor. 

John Ransome.f of Cromer, aged -jj, who had lived at Cromer all 
his hfetime, remembered sixty years since a post standing on the 
rocks west end of the church\-ard to the sea shore, which post was 
to divide the manor of Cromer Gunnors from Mr. Wyndham's 
manor. 

Also that all the " Coys " used by the fishermen were before the 
pier of Cromer was begun — u-hich was about thirty-two years since 
— situated on the west side of the boundary post. 

* His is an old name here. John Paj-ne was of Cromer in 37 Hen. VHI,, and in 
5 Ed. VI. This will was provcxl in 1550. 
t Robert Ransom was of Cromer in 1545. The name also occurs as Raunson. 



THE MANORS. 4 1 

The dispute seems to have come to a head in 176S, when another 
memorandum from the same collection speaks of a cause being 
tried at the Norwich Assizes, 27 July, 176S, between :\Ir. Wyndham, 
of Cromer, and I\Ir. Brooke, of N. Repps, concerning the manor of 
Cromer Gunners, that Mr. Brooke acted for Mr. Rant (then the 
lord of the manor), and that it was given in favour of Mr. 
Wyndham. Richard Payne, who was then ninety, had died about 
three years, but his son, Thomas Pain, gave evidence that his said 
father, fifty-eight years before, had seized wreck and carried it to 
Overstrand Hall, and that on the 20 r^Iarch, 1764, by the order of 
Mr. Humphrey Rant,* one Tames Howes, set a post down below 
the foot of the bank, by the direction of him, Pain, as a boundary 
post between the manor called Ufford's Hall and Cromer Gunners. 
UiTord's Hall to the west, and Cromer Gunners to the east, as far 
as the east beck, and that such post was set well inside the rail 
boundary, so that no dispute should arise, and that the distance 
from the boundary post to the east beck was three hundred yards, 
and that the lands next the bank or clift that pay either quit or 
free rent, pay it to the manor of Cromer Gunners. 

On the other hand, Wyndham's witnesses were numerous and 
staunch. Henry Swan said that the pieces of wreck about which 
the suit was commenced, came to shore between the two becks. 

Robert Everardf said that between the two becks was always 
called Mr. Wyndham's manor — being asked if ]\Irs. Wyndham 
"ought" (owned?) house and land, or land next the east beck, 
answered no ; more than once afterwards recollected she had, and 
it was proved to be held of the manor of Cromer Gunners, which 
land is next the bank and reaches the sand ; then afterwards he 
proved several houses in Cromer to pay to the manor of Ufford's 
Hall, though not one next the " clift." Being asked if Mr. Brook 
had any land next the clift between the two becks, answered "no" 
(none), which can be proved have to pay to Cromer Gunners (for) 
the house of ]\Iatt. Swan, which Mr. Everard mentioned to pay to 
Ufford's Hall, is to the southward of Mr. Brooke's land " that pay 
to Cromer Gunners." 

• William Rant was of Hanworth, 14 Henry VHI. 

t ThLs is a very old name here indeed. Barthoijraew Everard was a witness to a deed 
in X396. Ricliard Everard was here in 1551, and Robert Everard's uill was proved in 
i6js. 

F 



42 CROMER, PAST AND TRESENT. 

Anthony DitchcU* and Matthew Swan.f who said that between 
the two becks was always called 'Sir. Wyndham's manor. John 
Ransom spoke to takinj^ up some deals which came ashore between 
the becks to Mr. Wyndham, who g;a.ve him 6d. per deal, and the 
scribe, who was for Brooke, argued in a note that this was evidence 
they could not have been his, or he would not have bought them ; 
and writes of Ransom, "he is a person of a bad character — witness 
for Mr. Brooke," whom he seems to have thrown over. Easter 
(Esther) Stonham gave hearsay evidence as to what Richard Pain 
had said about Cromer Gunners' manor extending from the east 
beck to a post to the west of the west beck, opposite the east part 
of Gigler's Croft. 

John Jewell,^ aged sixty-eight years, remembered the old 
boundary post when a boy. Always heard that from that post to 
the east beck was called Mr. Life's manor, and that a ship was 
driven ashore near that post which parted UiTord's Hall and 
Cromer Gunners, and that Mr. Wyndham had two-thirds, and the 
owner of Cromer Gunners one-third (^^40). 

Joseph and Thomas Rogers had heard their father say that 
between the two becks belonged to Air. Life. 

The scribe adds a note here that between the two becks about 
sixty years ago, two houses stood near one another, both copyhold, 
and paid to the manor of Cromer Gunners ; one is proved, as per 
receipt, and the other was seized by the lord of the said manor and 
sold. The place where they stood was swallowed up by the 
raging of the sea, and down the clift about twenty or thirty years. 
One was Clement Atchcson's,'! the other Christopher Todd's.§ The 
scribe complains that whereas in the examination of Robert 
Everard, one of I\Ir. Wyndham's witnesses, he was allowed to 
mention a house almost in the farthest part of the town from the 
sea "that pay" (as paying?) to Ufford's Hall, Mr. Brooke's was 
not suffered to mention those next the cliff, nor those which were 

• He died in 1769, aged 61, and is buried in the church, and an account of his family 
can be obtained from tlie inscription. The name is not a Norfolk one, and I expect he 
was an imported Ia\\7er or steward. 

t This, too, is an old name here. Administration was granted in i6oi to the goods of 
Oliver Swan of Cromer. 

t Edmund Jewell was of Trimmingham in 1663. 

II His will was proved in 1 733. 

§ H. Todd was of Cromer in 1672. 



THE MANORS. 43 

down. He mentions, too, apparently as a suspicious circumstance, 
that Mr. Harvey, of Cromer, who took some wainscot up between 
the two becks about seven years ajo, was paid for the same by 
Everard, the steward, about a month since only, and that Philip 
Allen, of Cromer, who took up a Dutch rudder about seven years 
ago, was only paid by Everard on the 26 July, 1768, "which was 
the same day JMr. Everard and the other witnesses went to 
Nor\vich to the Assizes." 

He winds up with a statement, " as for saying I\Ir. Richard Ellis 
farmed the manor from Sherringham to the east beck at Cromer, 
under Mr. Wyndham, of Cromer, (it) is not legall (? capable of 
legal proof), Mr. Wyndham's do not extend that distance." 

With the papers are many plans, no doubt used on the trial. 

Vn. Cromer Tomlins — as to this, see Cromer Arnolds, it being 
held with it by William Arnold, in 1472. 

Vni. Cromer Ropers is also said to occur. 

Besides these manors and so-called manors, those of Overstrand, 
Felbrigg, Beeston Regis, Beeston Priory, and South Repps, Bro- 
siards, are all said to have lands in the parish. There is also a 
statement in Druery's Yarmouth (page 125), that the manor of 
Scratby came tvith Cromer to the Lords Beaumont, and was, on 
the attainder of Lord Viscount Beaumont, granted in 19 Ed. IV. 
to Anthony, Earl Rivers. 

There were also other estates, e.g:, Sir John de Reppcs, in 47 
Ed. HI. (1373), left tenements in Shipden and Cromer with a mill 
and villeins to his nephew, John de Plumstead, and his heirs (N. 
Erp., p. 1 90- 



CHAPTER III. 
■gBe g)C6 ^rai)ers anb "gownsmen. 

The first time we hear of Shipden in connection with trade is in 
1285, when Edward I., by charter* dated at Westminster, 12th 
May, 13 Edward I., granted to Nicholas de Weylond, then lord of 
the manor, a weekly market to be held on Fridays, and a yearly 
fair to last for eight days, beginning with the Vigil of the Feast 
of the Translation of Sl Edward.f As quoted in the 3rd Rep. of 
Historical MSS. Commission, p. 237, the grant would seem to have 
been somewhat different. 

By 1337. the sea had m.adc great inroads on the coast by 
Shipden, the greater part of the churchyard had been for twenty 
years wasted by the sea, and the church threatened to fall into ruin 
from the same cause.:}: This, however, could not have injured the 
trade of the place much, for the Subsidy Roll taken for Norfolk in 
1333,11 shows that Shipden was then inhabited by many well-to-do 
merchants, the total rating being 49s. iid., of which Alan fil' 
Galfridi paid 63., Isabel Tebald 3s., Clement Hervey 3s., Robert 
Mosse 2s. 6d., John Waryn 2s. 6d., Thos. Draper 2s. 2d., Alan 
Reymund 2s. 2d., William Smith 2s., William Leman, 2s., and 
27 others, lesser sums. 

In 1350, the bailiffs of Crowemerc had a close letter directed to 
them, ordering them not to permit the exportation of corn, except 

• Vide Charter Roll, 13 Ed. I., No. 102, and Patent Roll, 4 H. VI. (2nd part), m 13, 
printed iti Appendix //., p. xiii. 

t The only fair now held is a pleasure fair on Whit Monday. 

X Inq. ad. quod damn. lo Ed. III., No. 29 (2nd numbers), and Patent Roll, 10 Ed. 
III. (1st part), iTi 26. 

II Subsidy Roll, Norfolk, 6 Ed. III., ^^^ printed in Appendix. 



THE OLD TRADERS AND TOWNSMEN. 45 

to Calais,* and in 1355, a similar letter was directed to them, order- 
ing them not to let ships leave their port. 

A few years later (1358), the merchants of Cromer were con- 
sidered of sufficient importance to be mentioned with those of 
Snyterle.t Wyvcton, Clay, Salthouse, and Shiringham, in a Patent 
of Edward Ul.,+ directed to the bailiiTs of Blakcncy/l then appa- 
rently the head-quarters of the fishery on the north coast of 
Norfolk ; which gives the merchants of these six towns who traded 
in fish but did not own ships, free license to buy fish (apparently 
at Blakeney), provided that the other (Blakcney ?) merchants 
should not be disturbed or the price of fish raised. 

These Letters Patent recite some ordinances formerly made by 
the King and the Council about the fish trade, and are altogether 
so curious, that I perhaps may be pardoned for my digression if I 
refer to their purport, though they do not directly relate to Shipden 
or Cromer. 

It seems it had formerly been ordained that no fish should be 
delivered or carried out of ships to any house, &c., until the masters 
of the ships had settled its price with the m.erchants, and that no 
master of a ship, mariner, &c., should keep any fish in their houses 
for sale, by wholesale or retail ; the object of these provisions 
being, as it is said, that the fish should be sold at a reasonable 
price within the bounds, and at the fairs mentioned therein. But 
it seems afterwards to have struck the legislators that though they 
had provided for the protection of the merchants against the fisher- 
men, the latter were unprotected against any combination of the 
former, who, " by conniving among themselves, might seek to drive 
the fish to too low a price which the fisherman could agree to take 
without too great a loss," and who might, by simply refusing to 
treat for purchase, have kept the mariners riding at anchor till 
their cargoes rotted under them, and they were driven to take 
inadequate prices. Another blunder of the previous regulation 

• Rymer's Feed, iii., part I, p. 207. 

+ Snitterly is said to have been tiie old name for Blakeney. I fancy it bore the same 
re'ation to it as ShipJen did to Cromer, and was probably lost in the sea. 

X Pat. Roil, 31 Edw. III., recited at length in Pat. Roll, II Hy. IV. (ist part), m 5, 
printed in Appendix I/., p. xi. 

Q As to Blakeney fisheries, see Petitions to Parliament, No. 698—2069, and as to Bum- 
ham fisheries, No. 8779. The history of tlie fisheries of the northern coast of our 
county has yet to be written. 



4^ CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

seems to have been, that if the fishermen had any surplus stock 
left after " the King's Purveyors, Noblemen's Purveyors, and the 
Merchants of Cities and other good Towns had made their great 
purchases," they were restrained from retailing it by parcels to the 
people, and it often remained so long on their hands that it 
putrefied. 

To remedy these defects these Letters Patent gave the fishermen 
license— if they could not agree on a price within six days* after 
the ship came into port— to bring their fish ashore and sell it as 
best they might, and after the king's purveyors, &c., had made 
their great purchases, to carry the rest about to fairs and markets, 
and sell it there. 

In 1361, the bailiffs of the town of Crowemcre were directed not 
to allow the export of falcons, and in 1364 of gold, silver, or 
jevvels.f 

In 1363, the Blakeney merchants certainly seem by their conduct 
to have proved that the alteration mentioned on the last page was 
needed for the protection of the fishermen, for I find that in the- 37th 
Edward III., William de Witchingham and John de Berney were 
assigned:!: to see th^^ ordinance as to the sale of salt (?) fish duly 
kept at Blakeney, and by commission to enquire as to who had 
broken it, as it was alleged on petition that " jademeins les Mar- 
chanty Hostillers Regraters Forstallers 1 autre tielx si bien en 
Port^ come en Villes marchandes 1; aillours parmi la Terre engros- 
sent toutes manercs de ]\Iarchandises 1; Vitailles si bien stokfish 
saltfish vins cire 1 spicerie come autres " — and sell them for such 
price as they like to put, and what they buy for 1 2d. they sell for 
3s. or half a mark. See. | 

In 1374 {48 Edwai-d III.), the fishermen of Holkham, Wells, 
Blakeneye, Wyveton, Cla>-e, Salthous, Sheryngham, and Crowmere 
were specially exempted from a subsidy of 6d. in the £.^ 

About 13S0, it seems the fishermen of Blakeney and other 
adjacent towns and places in Norfolk, were often taken and 

• This would seem to show the boats had wells, or some other contrivance to keep the 
fish alive. 

t Rym. Foed. i.d., p. 72S. 

t Parliament Rolls, 17 Edw. I., Petitions No. 15. 

II For further particulars of Fishing Statutes see Palmer's Manship, vol. ii., p. 81, &c. 

§ Rymer's Fa;d. iii., p. 1004. 



THE OLD TRADERS AND TOWSSXiES. 47 

arrested with their boats by the king's commissioners assigned to 
provide ships for voyages (I presume for warlike purposes), and 
they petitioned to Parliament, on the Monday next after the Feast 
of St Hilary, 3 Ric. II., alleging the great injury it did to them, 
and indirectly to the country, by spoiling the fisheries, and praying 
to be allowed to pursue their business quietly, especially as they 
knew nothing of navigation, but only lived by the art of fishing. 

A favourable answer was given, which the king confirmed by his 
Letters Patent,* dated at Westminster, 23 Feb., 3 Ric. II, 

In the following February (13S0), the king further protected 
them against this serious oppression by other Letters Patent.f 
dated at Westminster, 12 Feb., whereby he directs that the fisher- 
men of the ports of Blakeneye, Cleye, and Cromnere, and other 
villages and places adjoining, as their vessels and ships were fit for 
their business only, and not \\\ any way for transporting horses or 
warlike stores, &c., should not be interfered with unless on urgent 
occasion or necessity. 

Next year (1381), the ships of the fishers of Blakeneye, Cleye, 
and Crowc7ncrc, and of adjacent places were specially exempted from 
a requisition. R^t. Franc, 4 Ric. II., m 18. Twelve ships from 
Cromer were, however, pressed in 1417 (5 Hen. V.) Rot. Xorman., 
p. 323—4- 

Shortly before 1391, the inroads of the sea,:|: which had fifty years 
before swallowed up the church and churchyard, rendered the 
navigation so dangerous that a pier was commenced for the safety 
and defence of ships and (fishing) boats in the market or port 
called Crowmerc, as we are told in the preamble to certain Letters 
Patent, dated at Westminster, 2nd Dec, 14 Ric. II.,'| whereby the 
king granted to the men of Shipdcn the right of levying for five 
years certain duties on all merchandise coming to their port,§ in 

• Pat. Roll, 3 Ric. II., 2nd part, m 18. 

t Pat. Roll, 4 Ric. II., 2nd part, in 22. 

X The history of the ravages of the sea on our Norfolk coast ought to be carefully 
written. I do not think it has been noticed before that there was once a manor of 
Markeslhorpe in this Hundred (Inq. p.m. of Bartholomew Entingham, 17 Ed. I., No. 
10), and an Eidesthorp next Mundesley (Inq. p.m., 21 Ed. III., of John de Warren, 
No. 58), both of which are now lost ; unless the latter is Edingihorpe. 

II Pat. Roll, 14 Ric. II. (2nd part), n\ 44. 

§ The port, or harbour, is said by the fishermen to have been between Shipden and 
Cromer. The hill behind the present vicarage is said to have been called the Harbour 
HilJ, because by standing on it you could see the ships sail right into the harbour. 



48 



CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 



aid of making such pier. It will be seen from the following that 
the list of articles is a curious one, the chief imports apparently 
being herrings, salt, rygolds (? Riga boards), waynscot, and tunhot 
(all by the hundred), pitch and turpentine (in barrel), oil (in barrel), 
fir spars (by the hundred), dascclls (by the thousand), ferri (nails ? 
by the thousand), corn and malt, sea coal (by the chaldron), fish 
called "orgoys," lob, ling, and cod. Everything worth five shillings 
was liable to this duty, except wool, leather, skins covered with 
wool, lead, tin, and wine. 

The following analysis will be interesting to my readers, who 
may advantageously compare it with the excellent earlier list of 
similar articles im.portcd at L}-nn, printed by ]\Ir. Richard Howlett, 
in the Norfolk Antiq. Miscellany, iii. p. 6oj. 



From ever>' last of herring exposed for sale* 
vaga'\ of salt 
hundred of r>golds 

„ wainscot 

,, tunholt 

barrel of pitch and turpentine 
barrel of oil . 
hundred of fir spars 
thousand of aascell 



2d, 
ltd. 

Zd. 
Id. 
kd. 
4d. 
2d., 
Id. 
Id. 
Ad. 
id. 
id. 



quarter of corn and malt, of whatever sort 

chaldron of sea coal 

hundred offish, called " Orgoys," reckoned by lo score I2d. 
„ lob, ling, and cod . . . 6d. 

boat laden with articles for sale . . .id. 

horse laden with articles for sale . . ^d. 

ship putting in with merchandise within the aforesaid 4d. 

boat called "fissher," laden with merchandise putting 
in there . , . . . . id- 

And from every other saleable article not specified above coming 
to the aforesaid town and market of the value of five shillings, 
except wool, leather, fleeces, lead, tin, and wine . . ^d. 



On the 30th March, 1405, Robert Bacon, a mariner of Cromer, 



• This is the full form of each entry. A l^si is twelve barrels of white herring, or 
twenty cades of red. 

t A weight : e.^., " una zva^^a (? baga— bag) casei," Ducange, 



THE OLD TRADERS AND TOWNSMEN. 49 

is said to have captured* James.f the younger son of Kinj^ Robert 
of Scotland, who, while on a voyage from Scotland to France, was 
driven ashore near here by stress of weather and sent to London, 
where he remained a prisoner for nearly twenty years, becoming on 
his release James I. of Scotland. 

This Robert Bacon must have been a mariner of mark, for to 
him is ascribed the discovery (by which I presume is meant the 
re-discovery for trading purposes) of Iceland. 

In 1410, the merchants of Cromer and the five other towns 
before named, obtained fresh Letters Patent:|: from Menry IV., 
dated at Westminster, 12 February, 11 Hen. IV., setting out and 
confirming the former Letters of 13 58, granting them certain 
privileges. 

In 1417, several Cromer ships were pressed for the king's use 
for voyages to France, as appears from an entry in the Priory 
Council Register as follows : — 

" Licenses to return to England with their ships which had been 
taken to France for the king's use. License dated at Caen, ist 
September, 5 Henry V. 

{i.a.) Rog'us Wrask (n) farccost vocat Trinite de Crowemere. 
Johes Clement (u) navis vocat La Trinite de Crowemere. 
Simon Fauconer (u) dogger vocat James de Crowemere. 
Wills Richeman (15 lodeship vocat Nicholas de Crowemere. 
Johes Ivlartyn ^ dogger vocat Mighcl de Crowemere. 
Johes Clement junior m farecost vocat Blithe de Crowe- 
mere, 
Robtus Game (ni lodeship vocat Petre de Crowemere. 
Johes Ostelcr @ dogger vocat Garland de Crowemere. 
Johes Tule;' (ni lodeship vocat Migheil de Crowemere. 
Wills Shinfield (u) lodeship vocat I^.Iarie de Crowemere. 
Adam Freman (n) collet vocat Katerine de Crowemere." 

• The honour of the capture is said by the men of C!cy to belong to tliem. See N. 
and Q., S'.h Ser. i.\., p. 107, and re[)lies. 

t It has been said that he was accompanied by a Steward, who became the ancestor of 
the Stywards of SwafTham, an 1 of Oliver Cromwell, for whom a royal descent was thus 
concocted, and swallowed i.a., by the easily-gulled Carlyle. This was, I think I may 
say, finally exploded in an artic'e I wrote in the Gimahgist of January, 18S5. 

t Pat. Roll, II lien. IV, (ist part), m 5, printed in Appendix II., p. xi. 

II Take I?). 

G 



50 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

William Crowmcrc, who was Lord Mayor of London in 1423, 
though said to have been of Kentish family (see Norf. Arch., vol. 
ii., p. 35) v.-as of this town, as he loft a legacy towards gilding its 
high altar (Register Luffenam, fo. 22"), as were probably Robert 
Crowmer, bailiff of Yarmouth seven times between 1470 and 1497, 
and Nicholas Crowmcrc, constable and porter of Pevensey. 

On the 2nd July, 1426, Sir William Paston, the Lord of the 
Manor of Shippedcne, and Thomas Poye (his trustee ?), obtained a 
confirmation by Letters Patent of that date* of the market and fair 
granted in 12S5 to Nicholas de Weylond. 

It has generally been stated that Cromer "was a chartered 
town, but that for a very long time the charter has been lost ; " 
and although I can find no trace of such a charter, it is noteworthy 
that in 1443, circular letters,-f- directing certain vessels to hasten to 
Portsmouth, were sent by the Privy Council to the mayors and 
bailiffs of Lynn, Yarmouth, and Cromer ; but this probably only 
meant the mayors of the two first-named places. 

About this time " there have been many enemies against Yar- 
mouth and Crovicr, and have done much harm, and taken many 
Englishmen and put them in great distress and greatly ransomed 

them.":;: 

About 1449, it seems Richard Ernold (Arnold), of Cromer, had 
been having a dispute with Lord Molyns, for in one of the Paston 
letters, reference is made to a letter from Lord Molyns to Heydon, 
praying him to toll Arnold " that he was sory and evyl payd that 
his men maden up the afray up on hym, for he seyd it was not be 
his will that his men xuld make afray on noman in this contre 
with owth rytz grett cause." | 

It was no time, indeed, for quarrelling amongst Englishmen on 
this coast, for in 1450, we hear in the same letters, that " ther ben 
" many enemys azcns Yermowth and Crowmer, and have don moche 
" harm, and taken many Englysch men and put hem in grett dis- 
"tresse and grcttely rawnsomnyd hem, and the seyd enmys been so 
"bold that they kom up to the lond and pleyn hem on Caster Sonds 
"and in other places as homely as they were Englysch men. Folks 

• Pat. Roll, 4 Hen. VI. (2nd partt, n\ 13, printed in Appendix II., p. xiii. 

t Proceedings and Orders of the Privy Council (Xicolas), vol. v., p. 279, 21 Hen. VI. 

t Letter from M. Paston to John Paston, 12 March, 1449.— Paston Letters. 

II Paston Letters i., p. Si. 



THE OLD TRADERS AND TOWNSMEN. 5 I 

" been rytz sore afrcd that they wel don moche harm this somer, 
" but if (unless) thcr be made rytz grett purvyans azens hem." 

About 1458, there is another reference to the same subject, 
Edmund Clcre reporting that he had heard from a soldier of 
Calais that Crowmer and Blakcney " is much spoken of among 
Frenchmen," and we read how " the king's safe conduct is not 
holden but broken as it is voiced here, and that will do no good 
to merchants till it be amended."* 

It would seem as if there might have been some whaling going 
on from Cromer, for John Sparks' will of 1483, refers to his cottage 
called " Bloberhousc." 

He was also a benefactor of the pier, for he left a legacy to 
place " great stones," to support it as a breakwater in fact. 

In 1502 there must have been great rejoicings here, for the 
village found a second Lord Mayor of London in this year — 
Bartholomew Rede. 

He was son of Roger Reed of this place, and descended from a 
family long settled here.f 

The Lord ^Mayor was a great goldsmith, and in his own will, 
dated 9th October, 1505, did not forget his native place, for he 
founded the free school here, still managed by the Goldsmiths 

• Paston Letters i., p. 425. 

t It may be (taking the trade into consideration) that he was descended from John 
Read, who was a gold beater of Nor^vich in 1400— I (see my Calendar of Norwich Free- 
men). A Simon Reed was of Shipden, in 1429 and 1437, when he was mentioned in the 
wills of GeofFiey Keke and John Waryn, on those dates. 

Isabel Reede, of Shipden alias Crowmere, died 1460, administtaiion being granted to 
(her son?) Roger Reed (Regr. Brosyard, fo. 176a). 

This Roger Reed was the father of the Lord Mayor, and his will is dated iSth Novem- 
ber, 1470. In it he wiihcs to be buiieJ in the church, to the reparation and the high 
altar of which he leaves 2od. and 2s. respectively. To the reparation of the pier he gives 
3s. 4d. , and will have a trental of St. Gregory and a priest to celebrate for the good ol 
his soul. After a few bequests to his wife Kalherine, his daughter Agnes, the wife of 
John Carre, and his five sons, Richard, William, Bzrtholomru}, John, and Simon, he 
leaves the whole of his residue to pious uses (Regr. Gelour, fo. 175b). 

Catherine Rede, of Shypden, widow, the mother of the Mayor, by her will, dated 24 
April, proved 18 October, wishes to be buried in tlie churchyard of St. Peter and St. 
Paul there, and mentions John, Simon, and Bartholomew her sons, directs a certeyn to 
be kept in the said church for three years for her soul, and the souls of Rcger Rede her 
husbatiJ, and of Richard Rede her said husband's father, and made Bartholomew Rede, 
her son, citizen and goldsmith of London, one of her executors (Regr. Norman, fo. 156). 

John Rede's (probably Bartholomew's brother) will was proved 1500— 13. 



52 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

Company. Full particulars of the endowment will be found in the 
8th Report of the Charity Commissioners, p. 323, and the subse- 
quent Report, vol. xxiii., p. 211. The terms of his endowment 
were quaint, viz., that the master was to be a priest, cunning in 
grammar, who should say mass for his soul once a year in the 
church, and to diligently teach gentlemen's sons, poor men's sons, 
and other good men's children of Cromer and the villages around. 

About this time disputes seem to have arisen about the sea- 
jurisdiction here. It seems that the "oar," the token of office, and 
the books of register were taken away from Lord Scales' men by 
a great multitude of Lord " Rossy's," and that Lord Scales was -off 
to the Prince of Wales to pray for redress, saying "that Per Deum 
' Sanctum,' he schal be amrel, or he shal ly thereby" (which I pre- 
sume means that he will be admiral, or perish in the attempt), the 
letter writer from whom we get this information adding, " Be me 
feyth here is a coysy (unsettled) world."* 

It would seem that the jurisdiction was deemed as belonging to 
the Duchy of Lancaster, but that sometime in the reign of Hen. 
VIII. (1509— 1547), one Malachy, "by colour that he is deputy to 
the Vice- Admiral," took on himself to hold Adm.iral Courts within 
Cromer — probably it was at one of these Courts that Lord Rossy's 
men broke in and captured the oar, which I believe is the symbol 
of power of the admiralty. 

Sir Edmund Wyndham, as deputy to the Earl of Surrey, who 
was High Steward of the King's Haven Courts in Cromer, " being 
parcel of his Duchy of Lancaster," presented a petition to the 
Chancellor of the Duchy praying for redress. The petition is 
curious, so I append it. 

To the Right Honorable Willm Erie of Hampton Lord P'vey 
Seale and Chaunceler of the Kyng's Duchye of Lancasteer.f 

In Right Humble wyse Shewiih unto yor good Lordship Edmond 
Wynham Knyght depulie to the right honorable Henry Erie of 
Surrey High Stuard of the Kyngs Haven Courts in Cromer in the 
Countye of Norff Beyng parceli of his Duchye of Lancaster that where 
the Kyngs Highnes hath alweis tyme oute of mynde kept Haven 
Courts wMn the said Town as in parceli of his said Duchye and hath 
hadd the walk & perambulacon of the Haven ther wt punysshement of 
all suche transpases & offences as be comytted and don wtin the pre- 

• Paston Letters i., p. 497. 

+ Duchy of Lancaster Pleadings, tenjp. Hen. VIIL, toI. vi., n.d.. No. 17. 



THE OLD TRADERS AND TOWNSMEN. 53 

cyncte of the land (?) & lymytts of the said Town i Haven Inquyreable 
in Haven Courts ther and also C said sov'ayne Lord is and hath been 
always intitled by reason of his said Duchye to such amerciaments and 
paynes forfeyted as have ben affcreyed or sett w^in the said Court 

Nev'theles so it is that now of late on Malachy by 

color that he is deputie unto the Viceadmyrall hath takyn upon hym 
to kepe Admyral Courts Win the same Town where non hath ben used 
to be kepe byfore and therby dothe constrayne the Kyngs tenants th.er 
to appere byfore hym and to Inquere of those trespases and offences 
(That the Kyngs Highnes hath alweys hadd the Inquere and punysshe- 
ment of By reason of his said Haven Courts) to the grett unquyenes 
' and vexacon of the Kyngs tenants ther and also in dcrogacon of the 
Kyngs said Haven Courts and to the disenheritance of his Highnes in 
that behalf It may therfor please yo'' good lordship the premysses 
considered to grante the Kyngs letters under his prevy Seale of his 

said Duchye to be directed to the said Malachye com- 

aundeyng hym by the same personally to appere byfore yo^ good 
lordship at Westm' in the Kyngs Duchye Chamber ther at a certeyn 
daye and under a certeyn payne by yow to be lymytted than and ther 
to answere to the premisses and further to obey suche order & directon 
therin as by yor good lordship shal be thought reasonable for the 
preservacon of the Kyngs Right & title in the premysses w' the 
quyetyng of his tenants. 

V 

Nor was it only in maritime matters that the Duchy of Lan- 
caster jurisdiction was queried and denied. Sometime in the 
reign of Henry VIII., one, John Cecylion, of Crowmer, obtained a 
privy seal from the Chancellor of the Duchy against Robert 
Harward, of Alborough (no doubt one of the Cromer family of 
that name), and sent his son William Cecilyson to serve it, who 
found Harvvard in the parish church of Alborough, in the presence 
of all the parish, there being a drinking."* William presents the 
document to Robert with " The king's grace greets you well, and 
sends you this." Robert asks, " Whose servant are ye ? " and gets 
reply, " The king's." Whereupon Robert " took him a great blow 
on the ear with his fist," and cast the privy seal on the ground and 
broke it. The parson of Thurgarton picks up the privy seal, and 
rebukes Robert, exhorting him to be better advised. But v/hat 
more he did William cannot tell in his petition for redress, for he 
"durst no longer abide for fear of more beating." All this I get 
from the Duchy of Lancaster Pleadings, Henry VIII., vol. 4, n.d., 
c 10. The document is curious, so I print it whole. 

• A "clmrch ale," no doubt. 



54 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

To Ser Raff Varncr Chauncelor of our sou^en lord the Kyng in he 
duchy of lancasi'' and to all he lorde of ye same Counsell. 

Mekely and lamentably shewith onto yo^ lordshyppe your por 
Orator Will'm Cecylyson the son of John Cecylyson of Crowiii that 
wher ye forseid John he h'au opteynyd of yo"" lordshyppe a piuy Scale 
for on Rotit Harward of Alborough Gentyhiia the vvhych p'uy Seale 
the forseid Wiltm yo^ Orator delyw'-^yd the seid p'uy Seale to ye seid 
Rott Harward the last day of August in the p'sent yer in the pisch 
Chyrch of Alborough be forseid in the (isens of alle the pysch y being 
w' many mo? creature y' tyme The? being a drynkkyng And ye 
seid Wiltm yat same season hauyg thes same worde yat foloweth to ye 
forseid Rot3t The Kyngge g^ce gret you wele And send you thys 
delysv-^yng hym ye p'uy Seale And yan ye same RoBt askyng the seid 
Wiltm whos s'^^uant ar ye And he answerd seying the Kyngge And 
than he toke hym on the Eer \vt he ffyst a gret blowe And kyst the 
P'uy Seale vyolently upon ye grounde and brake it The pson of 
Thorougharton y being j^sent toke up the p'uy Seale And exhorted 
hym to be bett a vysed And what he ded moi' in the Matei^ I can not 
telle, for I durst no leng^ a bide for fief of moi^ betyng, wherfor yo^ seid 
Orator beseketh your Inghnes yes ^misses tena ly to consyd And in 
consideracon whei^of thefin to do as ryght good consciens shal requei^ 
And your seid Orato' shal pray to god for your prosperous Astatt long 
to enduf 

In 152S, there was another scuffle of the same sort Christopher 
Pcrne, the bailiff of the Duchy, complained that having a process 
to arrest John Byrdc, the elder, and John Byrdc, the younger, of 
Cromer, to answer a plea of trespass at the suit of one George 
Berton, he appointed one William Harlewyn, to arrest them ; but 
they " being under the arrest with force and arms," that is to say, 
with two great iron " hambcrs,"* assaulted and beat the s*^ William 
Harlewyn to the danger of his life, had he not been rescued by 
the inhabitants (Duchy of Lancaster Pleadings, Hen. VHL, vol. 
3, part i). The whole document runs thus: — 

Too the Right honorable Sir Thomas Moore Knyght Chauncelor 
of the Duchie of Lancastere. 

In most humble wyse Complayneth and shewethe vnto yo"" honorable 
M^shypp yor dayly Orato"- Cristofer Perne baylyrt of the seid duchie in 
the Countiez of Norff Suffolk and Cambrigc shier that where it be- 
longcth and of Right appteyneth vnto yo^ seid Oratour by Reason of 

• Hample trees, or hamel trees— the bars by which horses draw a plough? 



THE OLD TRADERS AND TOWNSMEN. 



55 



hys seid oftice to have Retcnne of all maii of the Kynge wr>'tte and 
pees of the luwe and due execucon of the same within the seid duchie 
in the shiers aforeseid So it is that yc" seid Oratour havyng pees 
ffrom the Shieff of Norff to arreste John Byrde theldar of Crowmer in 
the seid Countie of Norff pcell of the seid duchie and John Byrde the 
yonger of the same Towne to answer in a plee of Trespas to oon 
George Berton at a certen day befor the Kynge Justicez at Westfi 
made a warr^unt to oon Wyll^m Harlewyn s'-^v^unt vnto yo"^ seid 
Oratour to execute the same {kept byforce whereon the seid Wyll^m 
Harlewyn came to the Towne of Crowmer aforseid and dyd arreste the 
foreseid John Byrde and John Byrde And they so beynge vnder 
thareste with force and armes that is to seye withe too grett yeme 
hambers assauted Beete and Evyll intreted the seid Wyll^m Harlewyn 
and put hym in daunger of hys lyfte and hade been lyke to have slayn 
out of hand the seid Wyll^m Harlewyn had not been the Rescuse and 
Socour of the inhabit^unte of the same Towne of Crom And by thys 
Meanes the seid John Byrde and John Byrde riotusely agaynste the 
lawe disobeyed the seid arrest and escaped^ in contempte of the Kynge 
and of hys lawez pleas therfore yor seid M'shypp to g^unte the Kynge 
lettours of p'vye Scale to be directed to the seid Malefactours comand- 
ynge them by the same to apere at a certen day before yo"" nishypp to 
make answere to the pmisses And ther vppon to abyde suche or Jre 
and direccon as shalbe thought by yo^ Mastershypp to stonde with the 
Kyng« lawez accordynge to Right and Conscience And yo"" seid oratour 
shall dayly praye for the ps uacon of yor M'shyppe longe to endure 

Tmlo Hilt Ao rr H. vii xix" 

H'upon A p^uie Scale to John Burde thelder and John Burd 
the yonger to apper the s^ Pasche. 



In the same year (1528), when forty-three trading ships were 
sent out of the three ports of Cromer, Cley, and Blakeney, no less 
than thirty of them came from Cromer. 

In 1553, the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster claimed (by 
virtue of a grant of Edward III.) the goods and chattels of one 
Henry Bacon, of Cromer, tallow chandler, an outlaw, viz. : — 



One featherbed with the covering. 

Two pair of sheets. 

Two cupboards. 

Six herring nets. 

Stuff in the shop to the value of 

13s. 4d. 
Two chairs. 
Nine pewter platters. 
A pewter dish. 



Eight candlesticks. 
A pewter cup. 
A felt hat. 

A "chercher" (kerchief). • 
A pair of silver hooks. 
Two pair of fore sleeves. 
One satin night cap, and other things 
to the value of £$. 



56 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

But certain riotous and evil-disposed persons, namely John 
Harvvard and Clement Harward (no doubt of the same rowdy 
family as Robert Harward, who clouted the messenger's head in 
Aldborou^^h Church not long before, page 53), John P^udde, Wm. 
Rudde, John Hall, clerk, John P'error, Richard terror, Thomas 
Barrett, William Barrett, Clement Byrde. John Rolle, John Frarye, 
John Cownyaye (? Comforthe), Richard Smyth, William Aleyn, 
Nicholas Shortyng, William Farwell, John Griffyn, Hugh South- 
owse, John Spencer the younger, gentleman, John Bright, Walter 
Fychett, Henry Elys, and Robert Thornham, on the 7 January, 
1553, riotously by force and arms, wrongfully took such goods 
away and " imbcsylled " and held them.* 

From various v/illsf of inhabitants, it is clear that the old pier — 
by vdiich we must understand a jetty, or "work," enclosing an 
actual, if small, harbour in which ships could ride, which had been 
begun about 1391 (see ante page 47), had been continued partly by 
the duties the inhabitants had been authorized to levy on mer- 

* Duchy of Lancaster Pleadings, vol. v\., Edward VI., No. 12. 

t Among others are the wills <^i John B.Kuid, of Crowmer, dated 1453, leaving to the 
" sustentaco'i fi^lisfragii als' voc' le per' viii^" 

Richard Chyldc, of Shypdenne, 1459, leaving to the fabric of the pier, \y. i^. 

John CoHper, of Crowmer, 1462, leaving to "emend' le pere," y. ^d. 

Robert Jakkyson^ of ShipJen, 1467, leaving to " sustent le pere," 3?. a,d. 

WillicLin Rome, of Shypden, 1469, leaving to "fabrice le pere," ds. Zd. 

Ro^er Reed, of ShipJen, al's Crowm', 1470, leaving to " repacoi' le pere," y. 4^. 

Richard Arnold, of Siiypden, 1472, leaving to "fabrice le pere," 5 marks. 

Nicholas Hemyn-i, of Crowmer, 14S2, leaving to " emendacoi' le peer," \2d. 

John Aldwen, of Shypden, I4SJ, " le per," \2d. 

Matilda Coye, of Cromer, 14S3, leaving to "rep'ac' le per'," 3-f- 4^- 

W/n Brymyii^e, of Crowmer, 1486, "reparation of pier," 1 2c/. 

John Mason, of Cromer, 14S7, " rep'aco'i le pere ea condicone q' p'visores ejusdem 
michi remittant o'ia debit' que a me petunt p' diet le pere," ds. M. 

Richard F:nnc, of Crowmer, 14S7, leaving to "emend' le peer," 3^. 4a'. 

Rich. Fulsto-jie, of Cromer, I4S7, leaving to the "fabrice le pere," Zd. 
William Alffen, of Crowmer, 14S7, leaving to " le peer," ZQd. 

Rob. Chesfanye, of Crowmer, 149 1, " the reparation of the peer." 

RjI>. Draper, of Crowmere, 1491, "sustent le pere," 20i. 

Robert Stroiije, of Crowmer, 1490, leaving "to the pere," 3/. 4J. 

John Martyn, of Crom', M99, leaving to "the peer," 12-/. 

Nich. Bro'june, of Cromer, 1533, leaving to "the rep'acion of the pere," 3J. 64- 

John .Anderson, of Cromer, 1514, leaving to " rep'aco'n of the pere," dd. 

Henry Shelle, of Cromer, 1514, leaving "to the pere," zod. 

Wm. Flyght, of SoulhfylJe, 1535, '* to the reparacon of the peer of Cromer, j.\s. 



THE OLD TRADERS AND TOWNSMEN. 57 

chandise, partly by a rate (see will of John Mason, 1487) and 
partly by legacies. The keeper of the pier is mentioned in the 
will of Robert Hayles, vicar, 1479. I have printed an interesting 
document relating to a similar pier at Sherringham, in Appendix, 
p. Ixi. 

In 1551, matters had gone badly with Cromer. Not only had 
the "rages and surges of the sea" swallowed up and drowned a 
number of the great sort of houses, but a great part of the town 
had by negligence of certain persons been consumed by sudden 
fire, so that by the length of a whole street it was still not rebuilt. 
So said a Petition for relief, signed by the Bishop of Isorwich, Sir 
William Paston, Sir Edmund Wyndham, Sir Thomas Woodhouse, 
and Sir Christopher Hcydon, Robert Barney, Esq., and Edmund 
Lomnour, Esq., which is to be found in the Duchy of Lancaster 
Proceedings, Edward VI., vol. iv.. No. 6, and runs thus : — 

Too the Right Honourable the Kyng his Gracys Moste Honorable 
CounceU. 

Humbly declarethe unto yC good lordeshippes Thomas Bisshop of 
Norwich Willm Paston Knyght Edniond Wyndham knyght Thomas 
Woodhous knyght Willm Woodhous knight Xpofer Hcydon knight 
Robte Barney Esquyer & Edmond Lomnor Esquyer that this xijth of 
Januarye & iuj^'^ yeare of the Reign of C most dere sov'eyn lorde 
Edwarde the si.xte by the grace of god of Ingland Fraunce i; Ireland 
Kyng Defendor of the feithe ^ in earthe of the Chirche of Ingland & 
Ireland sup'me hcdde, the credeble and most substanciall Inhabytantes 
of the Town of Cromer in o"" said sou'eyn Icrde his Countie of Norff. 
upon ther grete necessite for that the same Town is scytuate & adioyn- 
ing soo nere the sees that of late in o"" mcmorye by the rages ^c surges 
of tlie same sees the number of a grete sorte of houses p'fightely 
knowen by us to hav ben swallowed uppe li drownded, and that for 
the defence of the other p'te of the same yet on perysshed oc nexte 
adioyning to the same sees the same Inhabytantes hathe to ther grete 
& importunate charges defended the same by raakyng of grete peeres 
& are day lye putte to insatiable charges scharse & onetheable to be 
borne of the same Inhabytantes for that a grete p'te of the same Town 
hathe by neclygence of serten p'sons of late ben consumed by soudcn 
feyer as by the lenght of on hole strete as yett enreedefyed for that 
ther inhabyte as also for that the same Inhabytantes in tymes paste 
hathe hadde grete releilTe towarde the Beryng of that ther charges of 
the same shire and nowe of late thorowe the contribucion and grete 
aides requyred & gathered of the same weidisposid people toward the 

H 



58 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

renulng of a s'ten haven in Vcrnemouthe gretely decaied are smally 

relevyd »t by the same dishabilitie leke to sufter the same peeres to 

decaye to the utter destrucion of the same Towne whiche were grete 

petie & lo'sse to the same Countrie being so necessarie for the hamsones 

of fysshing and also for the conducte of all vytalls & necessaries from 

the same countrie for the Kyng o>- said sou'eyn lordes .pvysion & the 

trasportyng of ther Inhabytantes ther goodes as also for the defence of 

the ,ptes next adioyning the same in tymes of warres and at this 

p'sente being voyde of all munytons & defenses for the same iff any 

suche necessite shuld requere Spoylcd thorowe the moste detestable 

rebellion noue of late ther tra\ torusly ,ppetrated & comytted the same 

' Inhabytantes by reporte of dyv's credyble .psons leste of all .psons in 

that thei were then visited with syknes being smalle ayders and 

assisters to the same The same Inhabytantes thus distressid hathe by 

ther pytuous motion requestid us to make relacon of or knowlege to 

yowe the Kyngs most honorable councell of this ther pore estate and 

condicon to us Ryght well knowen and wuithye spedye releyffe as well 

in defence of ther said peres as of ther lakke of ^pvysion and ordynance 

nowe in the tyme of pease by the moste gracous charitable goodnes 

ayde &. comforthe to them to be extented of c said sou'eyn & gracious 

lorde the mocon being bothe trewe and charytable hath occaconed 

us to make this or declaracon of the said pore estate & condicon to 

yowe or said dreade sov'en lordes honorable councell Under o^ Seales 

the daye Sc yere abovewrytton 

Thomas Norwicen. Edmund Wyndham 

by me Xpofer Heydon Roberte Barneye 
Wyll : Paston' ch"- by me Tho : Edmund Lomnor 
WOODHUS (?) 

About this time there was still a " sea coast " trade — there had 
been one in 1391 (sec pac^e 48), as we learn by a petition (undated, 
but of the reign of Philip and Mary), presented by John Comforte, 
William Colbccke, Simon Comforte, Henry Bacon, Richard Hylders, 
and Clement F\-sshcman, who describe themselves as " tenants of 
the Queen's manor of Gimmingham and inhabitants of the Queen's 
Highnesses Town of Cromer." They allege that the Queen and 
all her noble progenitors, the Dukes of Lancaster, have had and 
used to have free passage and repassage for all their tenants of the 
Duchy in and by all their goods, chattels, and merchandises, in 
and by all the places of the realm, without any toll, tollages, or 
custom. Also that one, Henry Brandlyng, "customer" of the 
town of Newcastle, Bertram Anderson, Robert Brygham, and 



. THE OLD TRADERS AND TOWNSMEN. 59 

Cuthbert Blunt, now mayor of Newcastle, with divers riotous and 
evil-disposed persons, to the number of twelve persons, being 
arrayed with- swords, bills, bows, arrows, hand guns, and other 
weapons, assembled at Newcastle, did make an assault on the 
petitioners (I presume a technical one only), and extorted from 
them custom wrongfully, viz., of John Comforte for the "custom" of 
two hundred chaldrons of coals, for every chaldron 2d., and for 
groundage of his ship 2s., for anchorage of the same ship 22d., for 
"ryngale" of the same ship 2d., for carriage of the same 4d., and 
divers other charges, tolls, and exactions (Duchy of Lancaster 
Pleadings, Philip and Mary, 5, n.d., c. 14). 

This petition was, I expect, for the purpose of raising a test case 
only. How it was decided I do not know, but Cromer boats beached 
Newcastle coal here nowadays till quite recently.* 

Shortly before 15 So, there was a fresh attempt to build a pier. 
We learn this from two sources, first, from the will of Dionise 
Flegg, which gives a legacy in aid of " the late begun and erected 
pier," and secondly, from Camden, who in his Britannia (15S6), 
says of Cromer, that " its inhabitants endeavoured at a great ex- 
pense to maintain a small harbour here, but in vain, which attempt 
was again made a few years since with almost the same success." 

On 4 July, 15S2, Queen Elizabeth granted letters patent to the 
inhabitants of Cromer to transport (export) 20,000 quarters of 
wheat, barley, and malt for the maintenance of their town, and 
towards the building of an " ould decayed pecre " there. Thomas 
Baxter, gent, was appointed to sell the license for the benefit of 
the town, and pay the proceeds to the " Pier-reeves " — such as the 
inhabitants should yearly choose according to an ancient custom 
among them to be bestowed upon the pier, they accounting 
monthly to Baxter and the other inhabitants, and Baxter in turn 
delivering such accounts to the Barons of the Exchequer, " so that 
the ' balance ' (illusory idea) should remain to her majesty." 

A few years after this, two of my ancestors got into fiscal trouble, 
almost as soon as they settled here (I fear we have ever been a 

In 25 E'.iiabeth there was an interesting dispute between Richard Walsingham and 
Mathias de Ileire, "denizen" owners of a Crayer called the Jone of Clave, and one 
James Bourne, of Claye, and James Alyson, steward of William Heydon, Esq., Vice- 
Adminil of Norfolk, about the latter's seizing the Craye laden with sea coles from New- 
castle by virtue of some Admiralty proceedings (Exch. B. and A., Eliz., Norf,, No. 71). 



60 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

restless, pushing family!), for, in 1589, an issue was directed be- 
tween the Queen and William Rye, as to the latter exporting 
grain against the statute, and in f;ie next year, Thomas Rye was 
"pulled" (as we say in Norfolk) for " engrossing" grain (Minute 
Book of the Exchequer, Trin., 31 Eliz., m loi, and Hily., 32 z.d). 

In 1 59 1, the Queen's gift in aid of the pier had already been the 
cause of litigation. 

The inhabitants petitioned the Barons of the Exchequer, setting 
out the Queen's grant, and stating that Baxter had sold the grant 
partly for cash and partly on credit — that for the deferred pay- 
ments he had taken bonds in the names of one Robert Underwood 
(since deceased) and other inhabitants— that certain sums remained 
in the hands of Emanuel Callyarde, John Deynes, William IMyngye, 
John Shanke, William Boshope, and George Englond, who have 
been pier-reeves, and refuse to make payment thereof — that it 
also appeared by Baxter's accounts that Robert Underwood " by 
indirect means " got into his possession ;^400, which he never be- 
stowed on the pier — and claiming relief against William Myngyc, 
John Deynes, Emanuel Callyard, and ^Margery his wife, executrix 
of Robert Underwood's will, John Shank, W^illiam Bishop, and 
George Englond (Excheq. Bills and Answers, Elizabeth, Norf , No. 
146). 

To this (which he styles the untme) bill, Emanuel Callerd 
answers (after objecting to the technical form of the bill), z'.a. that 
though he had lately been pier-reeve, he never received above 2s. 
for the pier, and that it appears by a note of reckoning that 
Underwood had spent ^^20 more than he ever received. 

The inhabitants reply to this " untrue answer," by recapitulating 
their case. 

Soon after (9 April, 1592, 35 Elizabeth), the matter was followed 
up, there being a commission to take depositions in the suit, which 
seems to have been " John Blofield, one of the inhabitants, &c., v. 
Emanuel Callerd and ^Margery his wife." It sat at Reepham on 
the 9th, and at Cromer on the 20 April, and was as to " a reckon- 
ing made by Robert Underwood, gent., the 19 January, 1587, to 
Thomas Baxter, gent." 

Somewhere about the same time there was another suit brought 
by Thomas Baxter, gent, against Edmund Empson and others as 
to divers monies received for reparation of a wall (seawall ?) at 
Cromer (Exch. B. and A., Eliz., No. 121). 



THE OLD TRADERS AND TOWNSMEN. 6l 

Possibly in connection with this is a petition of the inhabitants 
of Cromer to Baron Clarke, dated 1604, which is amongst the 
Marquis of Salisbury's }.ISS. at Hatfield, but which I have been 
unable to sbe. 

The open coast attracted many pirates in the early part of the 
17th century, and the inhabitants were no doubt keenly alive to 
the danger. There was a comic side, however, to the question, 
and luckily it has been preserved to us by Taylor, the Water Poet, 
in his "A Very I\Ierry — Wherry— Ferry Voyage," published in 
1623. It seems he was on one of his excursions, rowing round the 
coast by Yarmouth, when making bad weather he was compelled 
to come ashore in haste at Cromer. 

'* And thus half soused, half stewed, with sea and sweat. 

We land at Cromer Town half dr>', half wet ; 

But we supposing all was safe and well, 

In shunning Sc> 11a on Charybdis fell ; 

For why, some women and some children there 

That saw us land, were all possessed with fear ; 

And much amaz"d ran crying up and down, 

That enemies were come to take the town. 
» Some said that we were pirates, some said thieves, 

And what the women says, the men believes. 

With that four constables did quickly call, 

Your aid ! to arms your men of Cromer all. 

Then straightway forty men with rusty bills, 

Some arm'd in ale, all of approved skill, 

Divided into four stout regiments, 

To guard the city from dangerous events. 

Brave Captain Pescod did the vanguard lead, 

And Captain Clarke the rearward governed, 

Whilst Captain Wiseman and hot Captain Kimble, 

Were in main battalia fierce and nimble. 

One with his squadron watch'd me all the night, 

Lest from my lodging I should take my flight : 

A second (like a man of simple note), 

Did by the seaside all night watch my boat; 

The other two, to make their names renowned, 

Did guard the town, and bravely walk the round. 

And thus my boat, m.yseif, and all my men, 

Were stoutly guarded, and regarded then ; 

For they were all so full with fear possessed, 

That without mirth it cannot be expressed. 



62 CROMER, PAST AND TRESENT. 

My invention doth curvet, my muse doth caper, 
My pen doth dance out hnes upon the paper ; 
And in a word I am as full of mirth, 
_As mighty are at their first son's birth. 
Methinks Moriscccs are within my brains, 
And Heys and antics run through all my veins ; 
Heigh, to tlie tune of Trenchmore I could write 
The valient men of Cromer's sad ali'right ; 
As sheep to fear the wolf or geese the fox. 
So all amazed were these senseless blocks ; 
That had the town been fir'd, it is a doubt. 
They did examine me, I answer'd then 
I was John Taylor and a waterman, 
And that my honest fellow Job and I, 
Were servants to King James his majesty; 
How we to York, upon a mart were bound, 
And that we landed fearing to be drown'd. 
When all this would not satisfy the crew, 
I freely ope'd my trunk, and bade them view ; 
I shew'd them books of Chronicles and Kings, 
Some prose, some verse, some idle sonnetings. 
I shew'd them all my letters to the full, 
Some to York's Archbishop and some to Hull ; 
But had the twelve apostles sure been there 
My witnesses, I had been ne'er the near. 
And let me use all oaths that I could use, 
They still were harder of belief than Jews. 
They wanted faith, and had resolv'd before, 
Not to believe what e'er we said or swore. 
They said the world was full of much deceit. 
And that my letters might be counterfeit ; 
Besides, there's one thing bred the more dislike, 
Because mine host was known a Catholic. 
These things concurring, people came in clusters, 
And multitudes v. itliin my lodging musters, 
That I was almost worried unto death. 
In danger to be stilled with their breath. 
And had mine host took pence apiece of those 
Who came to gaze on me, I do suppose 
No jack an apes, baboon, or crocodile. 
E'er got more money in so small a while. 
Besides, the peasants did this one thing more, 
They call'd and drank four shillings on my score ; 
And like unmanner'd mongrels went their way, 
Not spending ought, but leaving me to pay. 



. THE OLD TRADERS AND TOWNSMEN'. 63 

This was the household business in mean space, 

Some rascals ran into my boat apace, 

And turn'd and tumbled her, like men of Gotham, 

Quite topsy-turvy upward with her bottom, 

Vowing they would in tatters piece-meal tear 

They cursed pirate's boat, that bred their fear ; 

And I am sure, their madness ito my harm) 

Tore a board out much loncjer than mine arm. 

And they so bruis'd and split our wherry, that 

She leaked, we cast out water with a hat. 

Now let men judge, upon this truth's revealing, 

If Turks or Moors could use more barb'rous dealing ; 

Or whether it be tit I should not write, 

Their envy, foolish fear, and mad despite. 

What may wise men conceive, when they shall note, 

That five unarmed men in a wherr>' boat, 

Naught to defend, or to oiiend with stripes, 

But one old sword and two tobacco pipes ; 

And that of constables a murnivall. 

Men, women, children, all in general, 

And that they all should be so valiant wise, 

To fear we would a market town surprise. 

In all that writ, I vow I am no liar, 

I muse the beacons were not set on fire. 

The dreadful names of Talbot, or of Drake, 

Ne'er made the foes of England more to quake 

Than I made Cromer ; for their fear and dolor. 

Each man might smell out by his neighbour's choler. 

At last the joyful morning did approach. 

And Sol began to mount his flaming coach ; 

Then did I think my purgator>- done, 

And 'rose betimes intendmg to be gone. 

But holla! stay, 'twas other ways with me, 

The mass of constables had shrunk to three ! 

Sweet Mr. Pescod's double diligence, 

Had horsed himself to bear intelligence 

To justices of peace within the land, 

What dangerous business there was now in hand. 

There was I forced to tarry all the while. 

Till some said he rode four-and-lwenty mile, 

In seeking men of worship, peace, and quorum, 

Most wisely to declare strange news before um. 

And whatsoever tales he did recite, 

I sure he caused Sir Austin Palgrave, knight, 

And Mr. Robert Kemp, a justice there, 

Came before me to know how matters were. 



64 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

As conference 'twixt them and I did pass, 

They quickly understood me what I was ; 

And though they knew nic not in prose and looks, 

They had read of me in my verse and boolcs. 

My businesses account I there did make, 

And I and all my company did take 

The lawful oath of our allegiance then, 

By which we were believed for honest men. 

In duty and in all humility, 

I do acknowledge the kind courtesy 

Of those two gentlemen ; for they did see 

How much the people were deceived in me. 

They gave me coin, ar,d wine, and sugar too, 

And did as much as lay in them to do, 

To find them that my boat had torn and rent, 

And so to give them worthy punishment. 

Besides, Sir Austin Palgrave bade me this. 

To go but four miles, where his dwelling is, 

And I and all my company should there 

Find friendly welcome, mixed with other cheer. 

I gave them thanks, and so I'll give them still, 

And did accept their cheer in their goodwill. 

Then 3 o'clock at afternoon and past, 

I was discharged from Cromer at the last. 

But for men should not think that enviously 

Against this town I let my lines to fly; 

And that I do not lie, or scoff, or fable, 

For then I will write something charitable. 

It is an ancient market town that stands 

Upon a lofty cliiY of mouldring sands; 

The sea against the chfi's doth daily beat. 

And ever)' tide into the land doth eat. 

The town is poor, unable by expense. 

Against the rr'^ing sea to make defence ; 

And every day it cateth further in. 

Still waiting, washing down the sand doth win, 

That if some course be not ta'en speedily, 

The town's in danger in the sea to lie, 

A goodly church stands on these brittle grounds. 

Not many fairer in Great Brittain's bounds ; 

And if the sea shall swallow it as some fear, 

'Tis not ten thousand pounds the like could rear. 

No Christian can behold it but with grief. 

And with my heart I wish them quick relief. 

So farewell, Cromer, I have spoke for thee, 

Though you did'st much unkindly deal with me. 



THE OLD TRADERS AND TOWNSMEN. 65 

And honest mariners, I thank you there, 
Labouriously you in your arms did bear 
My boat for me three furlongs at the least, 
When, as the tide of ebb was so decreased, 
You waded, and you launched her quite afloat, 
And on your backs you bore us to our boat. 
The unkindness that I had before, it come 
Because the constables were troublesome ; 
Longed to be busy, would be men of action, 
Whose labours was their travels satisfaction ; 
Who all were born when wit was out of town. 
And therefore got but little of their own. 
So farewell Pescod, Wiseman, Kimble, Clarke,'** . 
Four sons of ignorance (or much more dark). 
You make me lose a day of brave calm v/eathcr, 
So once again farewell, fare ill together." 

That the fears of worthy Master Pescod and his colleagues 
were not so unfounded and unreasonable as the poet thought, was 
soon clear. 

The very next year (1624), the Deputy-Lieutenant of Norfolk, 
wrote up to the Lord Lieutenant that Wey^Dourne Hoop was in a 
very unprotected state (I will spare my readers the old rhyme this 
time, for I am guiltily conscious that I have printed it oftcner than 
any one else), that forts erected in 15SS v.-ere washed away by the 
sea, and that a flat-bottomed boat had lately come up to Cromer 
and" sounded the dcpths.f 

Something very like wrecking seems to have been going on 
about this tim.e, for in 1589, at " Runton by Cromer," we read how 
Sir Edward Clere and others wrote up to the Council that they 
have taken order for the restoration of the Scottish goods lost, and 

• The only Pescod I can trace is Jos. Pcscnd, who was of Suffield, 24 Charles IL 
(1672), N. E., p. 549. 

I don't think we ever had a Wiseman at Cromer, but there were plenty later at N. 
Repps. 

By Kimble, no doubt was meant Henry Kimble, whose will was proved in 1626, 
while Clarke was no doubt the representative of a very old name here. Robert and 
Roger "Clericus" are mentioned in a tine of land here in 1 196. Hugh le Clerk was 
here in 1327, and Stephen Ic Clerk in 1333, Robert Clarke in 1545. 

Whether they were ancestois of Clarke, the present worthy clsrk, the barber, and his 
kinsman the butcher, I know not. 

t Dom. S. P., James L, clxxii., No. 4S. 



66 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

/tave proceeded against Roger Wyndham and his servants impli- 
cated in the spoil of the Scots.* 

The Domestic State Papers give us glimpses of troublous times 
round and about Cromer. The " Dun kirkers " were long scourges 
of our coast, for one may as well tell the truth, and admit that 
England did not by any means rule the sea till Blake cleared the 
air. 

In 1625, Robert Gaddye writes to the Council that the number 
of sailors ordered to be pressed in the county of Norfolk could not 
be obtained, but all who were at home had been brought to Cromer 
this day (May 12), and had then been pressed.-f- 

Next year (1626), in February, news comes up that the Dun- 
kirkers were reported to have landed in Cromer Marsh, in Norfolk. [J 
I cannot help thinking that the "marsh" was an elongation of the 
Cromer by some stranger. Where we are to find a marsh at 
Cromer I do not know, unless we think there juay have been a salt 
marsh, as at Wells — the last remnant of underclifif land being 
washed away. 

In the summer of 163 1, a Zealand boat was so hotly chased by 
Dunkirkers, that its crew ran it ashore two miles east of Cromer.jl 

In 1660, the '"Providence" man of war, commanded by Captain 
Giles Snelling, struck on a shoal on going over the Wells banks 
near Cromer.§ 

1665 is the date of our only dated Cromer token, which bears 
the" inscription, Richard Bennett, of Crommar, 1665, R.A.B., and 
the device of a lion rampant, which is the same device as is on our 
other token, an undated one, issued by Robert Drake. 

In February of 1666, fourteen Dutch men of war and two galliots 
were standing on and off between Winterton and Cromer,*! and a 
month later there were sixteen of them, and the coast was pestered 
with their shallops. 

On the 20 May, 1667, a despatch tells how a galliot hoy, chasing 
a fleet of colliers off Cromer, spied a frigate and left them ;*» and 
in the June of the same year, an Ostender was ordered on board by 
Holland men of war off Cromer, but pretending to be from Norway 
they let him go (/t/.). 

• Dom. S. P., Elizabeth, ccxxii., No. S2. t Dom. S. P., Charles I., ii., No. 50. 

t Dom. S. P., Charles I., xxi., No. 2. || Doai. S. P., Charles I., ccxiii., No. 72. 

§ Dom. S. P., Charles II., xiv.. No. iS. ^ Dom. S. P., Charles II., cxiix. 
*, Dom. S. P., Charles II., cci., No. 65. 



THE OLD TRADERS AND TOWNSMEN. Q,-j 

In 1677, the admiralty jurisdiction squabble spluttered up once 
more, as may be seen from the following extracts from the His- 
torical :\.ISS. Commission, 6 Rep., p. 384, Sir A. Ingilby's MSS. :— 

" 1677, Dec. 14th, O.xnead. Jo. Doughty to Lady Yarmouth. Yes- 
terday was the Court of Admiralty kept at Cromer to inquire concern- 
ing the ship that stranded there and to whom it should belong. 
Doctor Hughes behaved himself with great moderation and prudenc'e 
as became his place ; and the jury being sworn, and having their 
charge of what to inquire. Sir John Hobart told the Doctor That he 
claimed the ship as tenant to the Duchy of Lancaster, and had in his 
• grant all wrecks, and that the Doctor had no right to keep Courts of 
Admiralty, and to that purpose insisted on an Act of Parliament for 
his authority, which he mistook in the construction. Sir John had 
prepared a whole sheet for his speech, but the Doctor would not let 
him go on, but sent the jury away to make their verdict, whereunon 
Sir John protested in open court against the whole proceedings and 
took his leave, &c. Sir William Rant and Mr. Heme, who c^me as 
agents for my Lady Wyndham, in whose manor the ship was stranded, 
were both present, but said nothing at all. Upon the ship coming 
ashore, my Lady Wyndiiam seized her as hers in the right of her 
manor, and Sir William having a manor adjacent claimed also, which 
also, after a great contest, they agreed to di^-ide, finding their titles too 
weak for contention. My Lady by consent unladed the ship, and 
carried the goods (timber) to her own house, and then left the ship till 
the Court should be over. The verdict of the jury was that the ship 
was seized floating, and so belonged to the Admiralty .... The 
ship is seized for my Lord. The other goods must lie a year' and a 
. day to see if there will come any owner, who, if they claim within that 
time, they must have their goods again, paymg all charges ; but the 
ship being perishable, may be sold by the law, and the money re- 
turned, if there come the right owners and challenge her. 

" 1677, Dec. 14th, Oxnead. Owen Hughes to Lady Yarmouth. On 
the same subject, detailing his own and Sir John Hobart's speech and 
actions. 

" 1677, Dec. 14th, 0.xncad. John Cough to Lady Yarmouth. Gives 
her a full account of the Cromer trial."' 

In 1719, the first hghthouse was built here at Foulness, near 
Cromer, under a Patent, dated 9 September, 6 Geo. I. (part 2, in 
II).* It is said to have been built by Edward Browne, of Ipswich ; 

• There is a tradition that on the platform on the north-west corner of Cromer church 
tower a flare used to be lit to warn seamen, and possibly to serve as a beacon. It is 
said there was a coal beacon on the site of the first lighthouse, the cinders of which were 
recently visible. 

It is interesting to note that in 19 Ed. L, the Sheriff of Norfolk and all knights and 



68 CROMER, PAST AND TRESENT, 

but the "Norfolk Tour"(cd. 1829, page 152) jivcs an inscription 
in St. Clement's churchyard, Ipswich, to one " Edward Bowcll, gent., 
portman and twice bailiff of this Corporation [Ipswich]. (He 
erected the Light at Foulness, in Norfolk, 17 19)." The same work 
thus describes the old lighthouse : — 

" The lighthouse is upon an eminence about three-quarters of a mile 
to the east of the town, and commands an extensive sea view, the in- 
land prospect is connned by a range of hills, forming an amphitheatre 
nearly round it. The tower, built of brick, is only three moderate 
. stories high, crowned with a lantern, lighted by fifteen patent lamps, 
each placed in a large copper reflector, three feet in diameter, and 
finely plated in the inside ; these, placed round an upright axis, are 
kept in continual motion by machinery, wound up every tive hours and 
a half, by which means a set of five reflectors are presented to the eye 
in a full blaze of light every minute, the axis being three minutes per- 
forming its rotation. This light is kept by two young women, who 
receive from the Trinity House an annual salary of /50, besides per- 
quisites, and who constantly reside upon the spot, v/hich cannot be 
exceeded for perfect neatness. From the lantern, a door opens to a 
light iron gallery v.-hich surrounds it, and commands a sea viev/ of 
many leagues." » 

In 1832, there was so heavy a shoot of the cliff close to the old 
lighthouse, that the present lighthouse was put in hand much more 
inland. The old lighthouse remained a conspicuous object on the 
very edge of the cliiT till 1S66. when it slipped into the sea silently 
one night, and we arc told that never a brick of it was ever seen 
again, though some of the foundations are this year showing in the 
cliff 

Once more the local spirit flickered up, and the traders made a 
desperate effort to establish some shelter for their ships, and on 
17 Jan., 173 1, a deed,* no doubt promoted by the Harbords, the 
Wordhams, and the Wynuhams. 

It recites that proposals had been made, and an undertaking was 

head constables, <S:c., of hundreds and villages, were summoned to attend at Norwich, 
and arrange watches along the shores of 2^orfolk fur the security of the kingdom 
(Bodl. Charter, No. 335). 

* I am indebted for the sight of this deed, and of the other documents cited below, to 
Mr. J. J. Colman, M.P. for Norwich, wlio, hearing I was at work on the subject, kindly 
volunteered to lend them to me. I cannot too strongly impress on Norfolk antiquarians, 
that it is their duty to aid tlie Carrow library in every possible way. It is hardly possible 
that it will ever be broken up, and until it is so (q.d.a) it is practically open to all. 



THE OLD TRADERS AND TOWNSMEN. 69 

then on foot for making and erecting a pier, or some other security, 
for the safe riding and lodging of ships or small vessels, as well for 
the importation, as also for the exportation of com, coal, and other 
goods, wares, and merchandises, for the doing whereof several 
parcels of wood and timber and other materials must be had and 
purchased, and great sums of money laid out and expended, as 
well for these as for other purposes ; and that after the same was 
completed, a toll or duty by way of tonnage must be laid upon and 
paid for all corn, coals, and other goods, cic, for maintaining and 
keeping the said pier or place for the lodging and riding the said 
ships and vessels in good repair, order, and condition, for doing 
which an Act of Parliament must be had and obtained. Also that 
the management of the undertaking had been committed to 
Richard Ellis, of N. Repps (steward of the manor), Bozoon Briggs, 
of Bradfield, Richard Smith, of Cromer, and William Claydon, of 
Paston, gentlemen. 

A covenant is inserted by the managers to expend all monies 
they shall receive on the work, and that all who subscribe not less 
than i^io towards the undertaking, shojjld have free liberty of 
ingress and regress to and from the sea-shore of Cromer in over 
and upon the Gangles or road now belonging to them leading from 
the king's highway, leading from the now (new ?) mansion house of 
him the said Richard Smith, down to the said shore for nuy years.* 
Voting is to be one vote for ^^'20, two for ;^40, three for £60, and 
so on. 

Those who executed the deed were — 



H. Harbord - 


i^IOO. 


Wm. Claydon 


£20. 


A. Windham - 


;{:iOO. 


Richd. Smith 


^20. 


F. Wyndham - 


£100. 


R. Ellis & Compy. 


;^20. 


Edm. Jewell - 


^20. 


James Weld (?) - 


^20. 


Richard Ellis - 


^20. 


William Goatc - 


£20. 


Bozoon Briggc 


^20. 


John Kirby 


i:20. 


Pat St. Clair - 


;^20. 







* The right of way, at all events, seems to have been thought valuable, for in 1765, 
Charles Stokes, of Stamford, Lincoln, clerk, who recites that he was an original sub- 
scriber of £20 to the undertaking (though it will be seen he did not execute the deed), 
by his license, dated 2S Aug., 1765, gave leave to Elizabeth Ellis, of N. Repps, spinster, 
in his name, and as his servant, to make use of the said "Gangles," or road, she giving 
him her bond of indemnity of the same date. 



70 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

The deed had seals for sixty-one subscribers, but the above 
thirteen— unlucky number (!) — were all that subscribed, and I 
expect the project came to nothing. I never heard of any Act 
being obtained, though probably the work was actually begun, for 
it will be remembered that in the disputes about the boundaries of 
the manor of Cromer Gunners, in 1764 (see page 40), one witness 
spoke of the pier having been begun about thirty-two years before, 
which would be 1732. 

The promoters of the pier lost no time in trying to promote the 
trade,, for in 1731 — 2, they got leave first to discharge coal and 
cinders, then to export corn, and lastly, to ship and land coast 
goods general!}-, as will appear by the three following letters from 
the Custom House to the Collectors.* 

Gentlemen, 

Having had under consideration your letter of the 8th ultimo 
in return (?) to the Petition of the several persons residing between 
your port and Yarmouth, praying that coals and cynders may be 
discharg-'d at a creek coming to the town of Cromer, and the collector 
and comptroller of Yarmouth to whom we referred the said petition, 
being jointly of opinion with you that it will be for the interest of the 
revenue and the accomodating the people to admit of the discharge of 
coals at Crom.er, you may sufier coals and cynders to be discharged 
• there accordingly, taking care that the masters do first report, and that 
entries be passed and the duties received at your port, agreeable to 
what is proposed by you and the officers at Yarmouth. 

And you having recommended John Sussins as a person well 
qualified to be coal master at the place before mentioned, we have 
granted him a coal deputation, and you are to take care that he be 
under oath and security for that purpose. 

And in regard James Wells, the riding surveyor, resides at Shering- 
ham, which is but three miles from Cromer. We direct that no coals 
be discharged there but under his inspection, and you are to direct all 
coal-warrents to him and the Coal Meter jointly, and take care that he 
signs the returns on the Warrents as well as the Coal Meter. 
We are, 

Your Loving Friends, 
Custom House, London, B. Fairfax, 

May 18, 1731, Th. Walker, 

To the Coll. vt Compr JOHN HiLL, 

Blackney (i Clay, J. Evelyn. 

• Controllers at Blakeney and Cley, at which was the nearest Custom House Station. 



THE OLD TRADERS AND TOWNSMEN. /I 

Gentlemen, 

We read your letter of the i8th ultimo, acquainting us that 
the merchants at Cromer and Creek between your post and Yarmouth, 
who have been lately permitted to Discharge Coals at that place, have 
applyed to yo desiring Liberty also to ship oft" corn there to be carried 
coastways. And having considered the same, you may for their 
accomodation grant them this liberty, taking care that proper sune- 
rances be first taken and directed to the Riding Surveyor at Sherring- 
ham, under whose inspection they are to be executed, and a return 
made thereon by him in the same manner as was directed with regard 
to coals by our letter of the i8th May last, and likewise that the mas- 
ters make their entries, and receive proper cocquetts and other 
despatches from you before they depart. But as there is no lawful key 
at Cromer, you must not suner any corn to be ship'd there for foreign 
parts. 

We are, 

Your loving friends, 
Custom House, J. Walker, 

London, C. Peers, 

Dec. 9th, 1731, B. Fairfax, 

To the Coll. & Compf ^ ROBT. Baylis. 

Blakney & Clay. 



Gentlemen, 

Further application haveinge been made to us in behalf of the 
Traders at Cromer, who by our Orders of the 14 ult. and ill. (sic) were 
allowed the liberty of Landing and Discharging grf (?) goods at that 
place, praying that they may likewise ship and land coast goods there, 
and that they may also be allow'd liberty to ship corn for Holland and 
other foreign ports, and having consider'd the same, we direct you to 
suffer the Traders at Cromer to ship or land corn and other British 
goods Coastwise at that place. Provided the persons who shall lade 
any such goods do first take out Sunerances from you Directed to the 
Riding Surveyor at Sherringham, under whose inspection they are to 
be executed by indorsing theron the Goods w^ are actually ship'd in 
like manner as is directed by your (sic) letter of the gth December last 
with regard to Goods, Coastways, and that the sutterances be then 
return'd to you, in order to the Masters takeinge out Cocquetts or other 
proper Dispatches according to the nature of their ladings, and that 
before the unloading of any goods brot Coastways, the master of the 
respective ships and vcssells do Deliver their Cocquets to you, and 
take out Sufferances Directed to gt said officers for Discharge thereof, 
and that both in lading and Discharging of their goods they comply 
with the Requisites of Law, and you may notwithstanding our Orders 



72 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

of the gth of Dec. last, suffer corn to be ship'd for foreign ports at Cromer 
by special suffcrence on ever)- Entry Directed to the Searcher and the 
sd officer, who must attend ye Shipping thereof, and be paid by the 
merchants for their extra attendance, in the same manner as was 
directed with regard to gruff Q) goods by our letter of the 14 ult. 

We are, 

Your Loving Friends, 
Custom Ho, London, B. Fairfax, 

SthOctr., 173^, J. Hanley, 

To the Coll. & Compr of the Rcbt Bayles. 

Customs at Bla. 5: Clay. 



Gentlemen. 

The Commissi^ observing that the Coal meters in several of 
the out ports have not been duly Visited by the proper officers when 
thty are metting of Coals, nor care taken that they Diligently attend 
and Faithfully Perform their Duty, in order to prevent the like for the 
filter. 

The Commiss^s direct that you give it, in strict Charge to the Sur- 
veyor that he constantly Vissitts the Coal meters while they are melting 
thier Coals, to se* that they CarefuUy Perform thier Duty as they 
ought to doe. And if he observe any Irregularitys he is to acquaint 
■ you thervvith, in order to your Laying the same before the Commis- 
sioners for their Directions. 

And you are to take Care this Letter is entred in your Books of 
Orders, and signify the receipt thereof to the Board in a Poscript to 
some Letter, which is what 1 have in Command to signify to you. 

And am. Gentlemen, 
Custom House, Your most hbl serv' 

London, April CHARLES CarKESSE. 

20, 173S. 

In 1733, Richd. Eliis, whether as manager of the Pier Company, 
or as Steward of the manor, I do not know — probably, however, in 
the latter capacity, seems to have c^rantcd licenses to erect " lobster 
coys" off Cromer, as appears by a mem"* in the collection before- 
mentioned. In 1735, a formal document was drawn up and signed 
on the same subject as follows : — 

" April 19th, 1735. Mcm'^ it is this day agreed bettween Richd. 

• The spelling is terrible. 



THE OLD TRADERS AND TOWNSMEN. 73 

Ellis of the one part and the several persons hereunder nanned as 
follows, that is to say, the s^ Ri. Ellis doe agree that those several 
persons under written shall have free liberty to Erect a Coy (for 
their own use only) on the sea shore to the westward of the Pier 
head in Cromer, and allso shall have free liberty to land and lay 
their several boats on the Banc to the v.-cstward of the Bason (but 
not to ride in the Bason), paying each for the above-mentioned 
liberty unto the above-named Richd. Ellis, or his order, the sum of 
two shillings and sixpence p"" year over and above three days 
work to be done by each man, yearly at such time and place as 
the 3=^ Ri. Ellis shall apoint. This agreement to continue in force 
for three years, and to comence from jMidsumer last. 
" Witness our hands, 

"RiCHD. Ellis.* Robert Rook. 

John Susson.* Peter Collins. 

Christopher Pavne.* Matiiu Swan. 

Robert Webb.* Henry Swan. 

Henry Ransom.* J. Hurst.* 

Philip Allen.* Wm. Swan.* 

Philip Paul." 
* Those with an asterisk sign — the others make their marks. 

In 1748, Thos. Wyndham, esq., lord of Ufford's Hall in Cromer 
and of Beeston, granted his formal license to Richd. Ellis, to land, 
lay, and let lay, and put to sea again on and from the sea shore 
within his manors, all such ships or vessels as he might think 
proper. As most of my readers will probably be startled to hear 
that such a license was necessary, and are unaware that they have 
no legal right to land on any part of the sea coast — in fact are 
trespassing when shipwrecked or swimming ashore — I subjoin it at 
length : — 

To all Christian People to whom this present writing shall com- I, 
Thomas Wyndham, Esq'', Lord of the several manors of Ufl'ord's Hall 
in Cromer, and of Beeston next the sea, in the County of Norfolk, send 
greeting. Whereas, Richard Ellis, of North Repps, in the said county, 
has for some time past carried on the business of a merchant by land- 
ing and putting to sea again small ships or vessels, on the sea shore, 
in the said Parish of Cromer aforesaid, within the limits of my said 
several Manors or one of them, and thereby importing and e.\uorting 
Coals, Deals, Corn, and other goods and marchandize, for tiie doing 

K 



74 CROMER, PAST AND TKESENT. 

and management of which several anchors, posts, and other machines 
have from time to time been put down, fix'd, and used on the said sea 
shore, within the limits of my said Manors or one of them, and must 
be continued to be done so long as the said business shall be there 
carried on. Now know ye that 1, the said Thomas Wyndham, as well 
for the encouragement of an undertaking in my Judgment so beneficial 
to the Country in the Neighbourhood of Cromer aforesaid, As also in 
Consideration of the Yearly rent herein after mention'd, do for myself 
and my Heirs hereby give and grant unto the said Richard Eilis, his 
Executors, and Administrators, and his and their agents and servants 
full and free liberty, leave, and license as well to land, lay, and lett lay, 
as to put to sea again on and from the said sea shore within the limits 
of my said several manners, or either of them in the Parish of Cromer 
aforesaid, all such ships or vessels as lie or They shall think necessary 
and proper for the carrying on the said business of merchandizing 
there, and to load and unload the same, and also fix and put down on 
the said sea shore within the limits of my said several Manners, or 
either of 'em within the Parish of Cromer aforesaid, All such anchors, 
posts, and other machines, as he or they shall also tliink proper for the 
carrying on the said business of Merchandizing within the Parish of 
Cromer aforesaid from time to time, for so long as he the said Richard 
EUis, his Executors, or Administrators shall carry on the said business 
there, He or they paying me therefore the yearly rent of 5 shilhngs 
upon every Feast Day of S' Micliael the Archangel, which shall be 
during the carrying on the business aforesaid. But if default be made 
in payment thereof that then this my present Leave and Lycense to 
determine and be absolutely void. In Witness whereof I, the said 
Thomas Wyndham, have hereunto set my hand and seal this twenty- 
seventh day of June, 174S. 

Tho. Wyndham. 
Seal'd and delivr'd -. S. Freeman. 

in the presence 0: us. J 

In 1765, his widow, Mrs. Wyndham, issued a notice, in which 
she recited that it had been for two years the practice to go over 
the lands at Cronicr with horses and carts, &c., at a place called 
the Gangwa)', on a part of the estate late of John Wyndham, 
formerly Smiths, called the Cleft meadow, now the property of her 
son, Geo. Wyndham. She called on all persons claiming lawful 
right to go over the said land to produce it, and warned all others 
to desist (12 Oct., 1765). 

Very soon, however, the fear of a French invasion and of tres- 
pass of a graver sort, gave tlic inhabitants something more serious 



THE OLD TRADERS AND TOWNSMEN. "5 

to think about than the manorial rights, and the Cromer Loyal 
Vokmtccr Artillcr\' were soon enrolled, and practisinc^ from the 
" platform on the edc^e of the cliff,'' as we learn from the report of 
an accident to Corporal Richard Cook, who, on the 4th June, 1799, 
was nearly blown over the cliff from the explosion of a cartridge 
which he was ramming into a carelessly-sponged gun. As it was, 
he received at least fifty wounds from the head of the rammer, 
which splintered. 

We get further glimpses of the coast defence from the diary of 
William Wyndham, the statesman, whose memory will ever remain 
green to book lovers, for did he not practically lose his life through 
trying to save a neighbour's library. He notes under the date 
of 21 Sept., I £03, that he went to Norv.uch, and consulted General 
Money.* On the next day he surveyed the clift beyond Runton 
to Cromer, and on the 23rd the cliff from Cromer to ]\Iundesley. 
On the :2nd October, he wrote to Lord Chatham, describing both 
Yarmouth and our situation in respect of the coast. 

On the 1 6th, he came back to Fclbrigg for volunteers, and was 
at a meeting on the 22nd, where a letter from Head Quarters of 
the previous day was read, saying that the expense of internal 
beacons would be defrayed. These, from Sir J. Craig's leiter, 
would seem to have been furze fagots with a pitch barrel added. 

On the 5th November, inspired perhaps by the anniversary, he 
resolved to recommend the completion of the line of signal-fire 
stations to Lynn, and received a letter from the Government that 
night lights should be appointed to stations mentioned by Lord 
Townshend as most necessary, viz., from Yarmouth to Blakeney 
inclusive. On the oth was the inspection day, v/hen there v/ere 
eighty-six present and three serjeants,f and on his v/ay to Norwich, 
on the nth, he saw part of Mr. Harbord's company. 

The next year gun practice went on regularly from the Battery, 
and unluckily caused another accident, told thus : — • 

'• Feby. 4. As the Sea Fencibles at Cromer were exercising and 
firing the battery guns at a target on the sands with canister and 
grape shot, a diverging ball struck their Capt. Trcmlett, R.N. (v/ho 
was exercising them), on the foot, forcing part of his boot into it, 
and also shattered the leg of Mr. John Smith, surgeon, of Cromer, 

• Of balloon ascending celebrity. 

t He mentions Colonel Metzncr, who was prctiably the inspecting odicer. 



76 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

SO as to render immediate amputation necessary. A handsome 
subscription (upwards of i^5Co) was made for the latter during his 
confinement." 

I expect the battery was the present Coast Guard Station, but 
the older map shows a gun battery at the end of Jetty Street. 

Not daunted by this accident, the Sea Fencibles (under Capt. 
Tremlett) with three companies of the 4th Norf. Battalion of 
Volunteers (under Licut.-Col. Geo. Wyndham), and the Cromer 
Battery Volunteers, had a grand sham fight on the king's birthday, 
4 June. 

The lifeboat was established at a meeting held on the 31 Oct., 
1804, upwards of ^^500 being then and there subscribed. 

On the 4 Aug., 18 10, Capt. Manby made an experiment on the 
beach, throwing his newly-discovered grapple shot attached from 
a line to a mortar, for the purpose of giving relief to vessels in 
distress en a lee shore, the Cromer Lifeboat Committee and Lord 
Moira, who had just arrived for the sea bathing, expressing their 
approbation of his plan. 

The necessity of such inventions was^soon after sadly emphasised 
by two terrific gales on the 2 and 10 November, iSio, when it is 
said the coast between Yarmouth and Wells was covered with 
wrecks and dead bodies washed ashore. 

On the 17th April, 1821, the new Jetty was begun. 

Somewhere after 1S23, a distant cousin of mine, George Hubert 
Rye, R.N., who had served with some distinction in the war^ 
having been in several cutting out expeditions at Ouiberon Bay 
and the Isle of Rhc, was appointed Chief Officer of the Preventive 
Service here, and carrying his old instincts into his new duties, 
surprised some smugglers* to the west end of the town, and in the 
affray shot one dead. 

The newspaper report of the period thus describes the incident: — 

"A Smuggler Killed. — Monday the 17th inst, an aftray took 

* The smuggling had been going on for years. Here is a reprint of a newspaper cut- 
ting of 2S December, iSoi. A desperate affray at Horsford between two excise officers, 
assisted by two privates of the 3rd Dragoon Guards, who had seized a large quantity of 
smuggled goods at Cawston with thirty armed men, who shot one of the soldiers ; several 
of the smugglers were desperately wounded, two died of their wounds. The smugglers 
succeeded in retaking only a small part of the contraband goods. 



THE OLD TRADERS AND TOWNSMEN. "JJ 

place at Cromer, Norfolk, between one of his Alajcsty's Lieutenants 
of the Preventive Service and a gang of smugglers. Just as the 
Lieutenant was retiring to bed, information was given him that 
many carts were below the cliff, to the northward of the town, v.ith 
an expectation of taking a cargo of smuggled goods ; and that if 
he went to a certain spot, it could not be long before they passed. 
He instantly hastened to the place alone, and there watched the 
arrival of the expected prize ; he did not remain long before one 
of the carts made its appearance. He directly pushed for the 
head of the horse, and desired the party to stop, being seven or 
eight in number, telling them who he was. One of them made use 
of some coarse language, and threatened to murder him on the 
spot ; he instantly drew his pistols and shot the man ; the smug- 
glers picked him up directly, put him into the cart which was 
empty, and drove off instantly." 

His brother was Dr. John Rye, of Half Moon Street and Bath, 
who founded the Shipwrecked Mariners' Society ; and I cannot 
help thinking that the urgent necessity of such a society was im- 
pressed on him while staying here with his brother. 

In the memoirs of Lord Sufheld (Norwich, 183S), reference is 
made to a terrible storm which scattered the east coast v.-ith wrecks 
in November, 1823, and to Lord Sufficld and I\Ir. Bu.xton passing 
the night on the beach near Cromer, and aiding in saving the 
crew of a vessel off Bacton. Mr. Bacon, the author of these 
memoirs, states that Lord Sufineld sent off the next day to the 
Lord Lieutenant, Mr. Coke, and Mr. Edmund Wodchouse, pro- 
posing to institute " An association for preserving the lives of 
shipwrecked mariners on the whole line of the coast of Norfolk." 
This may be so, and yet Dr. Rye may have been the lirst to 
suggest it. Anyhow, he has always had the credit of being the 
founder of the Society. 

In 1824, a project was set on foot by which it was proposed to 
create a novel sort of port in the adjoining village of Overstrand, 
by laying down one of " ^Morgan's Slips," which was to project 
sufficiently far into the sea to receive the keel of a vessel during 
high water, which is then drawn by a capstan beyond the reach of 
the tide, where it can be unloaded " high and dry." 

It came to nothing, however, for reasons set out in the memoir 
of Lord Suftield (p. 220). 



78 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

Shortly before this (1S22), the inhabitants, whose sea front had 
been cruelly cut up by the terrible storms of 1799 and iSio, began 
to see the absolute necessity of some defensive work, and the jetty 
was built at a cost of i^ 1.200. 

It was soon tested, for the memorable storm of 17 and 18 Feb., 
1837 — vv'hcn the Bath House was swept away, a man being drowned, 
and two South Shields ships were ashore at the same time, one at 
each end of the town — must have strained and knocked it about 
considerably, and in 1S45, another storm washed it right away. 

Under a private Act of 1S45, the present facing walls and jetty 
were erected at a cost of £6,000, the rate on property facing the 
sea being 20s. on the yearly value. The engineer was a Mr. 
Wright, whose work does him credit. 

Of late years the trade of the town dwindled away to nothing, 
a little timber and coal being imported by beaching the ships 
and carting away their contents at low tide ; but this is quite 
extinct now that the railways have been opened. The only real 
business the natives now do is to attend to those who visit it as 
a watering place. 



CHAPTER IV. 

'^Be f^icfori? of i^e f OurcO or ^BurcBes. 

3fs '^vezcxxt §>tatc — tBe ^Viztovi} of fBe ^5r>oar>son 

an6 f^e "g^ccforxs an6 p'icars. 

.. "A goodly church stands on these brittle grounds, 
Not many fairer in Great Brittaia's bounds ; 
And if the sea shall swallow it, as some fear, 
'Tis not ten thousand pounds-- the hke would rear. 
- _ No Christian can behold it but wiLh grief, 

And with my heart I wish them quick relief." 

{Taylor., the Water Fact., on Cromer in 1623, seepage 64). 

It is tolerably clear there have been three churches, viz., one 
now out to sea, another on which the present church is founded, 
and the third which is new standing. 

By the entry in the " Norwich Domesday" referred to on p. 122, 
it appears there was a church of some importance standing at 
Shipden in the time of Edward I. (1272, S:c.), but of its earlier 
history we know nothing. Even at the time it is so mentioned, 
its foundations could not have been ver}^ secure, for less than half 
a century aften.vards — in 13 17 — the greater part of the churchyard 
had been wasted by the encroaching sea, and in 1337 the church 
itself threatened to fall from the same cause. 

In the latter year it was found by an Inquisition,-f- dated April, 
10 Edward III., that the old churchyard had been wasted by the 

• Very true, Master Taylor, We are messing away about that amount in mending 
the tower and rebuilding the chancel alone. 

t Inq. "poit mortem" (really an inq. ad quod dam), 10 Edward III., No. 29, 
second numbers. 

L 



80 CROMER, PAST AND TRESENT. 

sea for twenty years ; that John Broun proposed to give as a site 
for a new church a piece of land held by him of the manor of 
North Crcyk of Hugh dc Saxham, who held it of Earl Marshall 
by military service ; and that John Broun had sufficient land at 
Totington to satisfy all services Sic, due by him. Soon after, the 
King, on the petition of John de Lodbrok, then rector, of the said 
John Broun, then patron, and of the parishioners, granted a license 
in mortmain, dated 15th April, 10 Edward III.,* setting out the 
above facts, and giving the patron license to grant such land (an 
acre with its appurtenances) in Shippedene to build a church 
thereon de novo, and for a churchyard. Whether the expression, 
"pro quadam ecclcsia in eadem terra dc novo construenda," 
implies the building of a new church on the site of an old one may 
be questioned ; but I am inclined to think it does, as the present 
church, as I shall hereafter show, is undoubtedly built on the 
foundations of an earlier edifice. It may be that the Shipden 
which was soon after submerged by the sea, was the " Shipden 
juxta mare," as it is sometimes called, and that the new church 
was built on the site of an old cl^urch at *' Shipden juxta Fel- 
brigge." Both affixes appear in early documents, and may refer 
to two different places. 

The old church of St. Peter of Shipden doubtless soon fell a 
victim to the rapidly encroaching waves, and, according to the 
general opinion of the inhabitants, now lies under water about four 
hundred yards out to sea, reckoning from a little to the east of the 
end of the jetty. At this spot is still a mass of squared flints, 
joined by mortar and partly covered by seaweed, which the fisher- 
men call the " Church Rock,'' and which stands out above the 
water at very low tides, especially when the water is driven off the 
shore by a v/ind from the land. Some few, however, assert that 
the lost church lies out to sea half a mile further to the west, where 
blocks of similar masonr}'- may also be seen.f 

The new church, which was dedicated to St. Peter and St. Paul, 
instead of St. Peter only, was a most magnificent building, and it 
is difficult, looking at the insignificant village now surrounding it, 
to imagine how the vast expenditure for its erection could have 

• Patent Roll, 10 EJw. III., m 26. 

t Smaller blocks of square llint-work can be seen every low tide not far from the end 
of the jetty and a little to its west. 



THE HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OR CHURCHES. 8 1 

been met * especially as (with one exception) it must have been 
built at one time, and by one architect. 

The work was probably continuous, but long on hand.f The 
site was obtained in 1337. In 13SS, John Gosselyn, then vicar, 
left a legacy to make a window at the east of the chancel, and 
refers to two chapels, while in 1391, Simon Chylde left six marks 
by his will for glass for one of the south windows ; but these two 
are the only bequests of any consequence I can find, though gifts 
of smaller sums to the fabric, Sec, arc numerous. Kerrich, in his 
very valuable notes on this church,^ calls it a noble 4 cento church, 
and thinks nothing now rem.ains as early as 1396, the date for- 
merly ascribed to it. On the other hand, the door of the south 
porch before it was " restored " (the original is still in existence), is 
identical with work dated by Rickman, 1371— 13S2. 

Whether the builders thought the site for the churchyard too 
small, or the vicar wished his own premises increased, I do not 
know, but in 1393, Geoffrey de Somerton granted to the Prior and 
Convent of the Carthusians a piece of land, 200 ft by 60 ft., 
adjoining the Rectory.;.! , 

Whatever this was for, it obviously could not have been as 
Blomefield surmises, for the site of the present church, the mere 
walls of which cover a greater area. Blomefield also makes a 
strange mistake in ascribing the gift of this land to Sir William 
Beauchamp. The same license in mortmain which permits the 
Carthusians to take the grant from De Somerton of this slip of 
land at Shipden, also allows them to receive a gift from De 
Beauchamp of some land in London, and I suppose this is how the 
confusion arosc.§ 

The coat armour in the church windows and elsewhere must 
have been very interesting. The best record of it is to be found 
in Robert Kemp's Notes on the z-\rms in Cromer Church, "made 
in 1575" (Harl. MS., 901), [but dated 17 January, 1500?]. 

• The lost port of Shipden— now far out to sea— was a great and populous place, filled 
wilh thriving and opulent merchants. For some notes of its trade, vide a)itd chapter iii. 

t There are two old wells in the churchyard, now filled up, which are said to have 
been dug for the use of the workmen when the church was built. 

X Add. MS. Brit. Mus., 6756, and vide 673S and 675S, alio contain Cromer sketches. 

B Patent Roll, 16 Ric. H., part I, in- 3. 

§ It is sad to see this error religiously perpetuated to this day by the local guide books. 



82 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

He describes them thus : — 

1. Erphigham. Vert a " scutcheon simple " and an " urie " of 

" merles " arnf. This (his ?) timber and crest in a crown 
gu., a pkime of feathers arg. 

2. Felbrigg. Or, a lion saliant gu., his timber and crest on a 

crown gu., a plume of feathers erm., the loppe (? top) of 
the plume broad. 

3. Drayton. Gu. on a chev. arg. 3 roses gu., his crest set on a 

torce or and az., a ram's head arg. norned or and az. 

[Blomefield says, whence I know not, that the arms of 
Sir Robert Knowles were in the church, and these are 
much the same arms as those ascribed to Knowles of 
Aylsham, (Codex A., 95 .) 

The Knollys family held land in Shipden, see a Fine 
of Michs., 29 Henry VHI. (X. E., p. 560) ; but I cannot 
trace that any one of the naae of Drayton ever had to 
do with this place. 

Probably on the strength of this mistake of Kemp's, 
the compiler of Codex B., lias in Xo. 152, ascribed this 
coat to Drayton, though in No. 151, he gives the old coat 
of Drayton, viz., Per pale indented G. and B., a lion ramp. 
or, an error which, of course, bas been followed in Burke's 
Armoury]. 

4. [? ScotL-\ of York.— W. R.] Arg. 3 Kathcrine wheels sa. 

5. Uffurd. Sa. a cross engrailed or. 

6. Wootion impaling Brampton. Gu. a chevr. ar. between 2 cross 

crosslets and one annulet or " gouiie " (Pmeaning) impaling 
Gu. a saltier between 4 crosses utdiy botonny arg. [This 
is for the match between John Wotton of N. Tuddenham 
with Margaret, daughter of Robert Brampton of Bramp- 
ton, who died in 146S. This coat also occurs in North 
Tuddenham Church, sec Farrer's Church Heraldry of 
Norfolk, i. p. 323. Blom.^eld (x. p. 205) refers to Richard 
Arnold of Shipden dying in 1472, possessed of Clere's 
manor in N. Tuddenham, which afterwards came to the 
Wotton family, and this connection may be the reason 

• " Three Norfolk Armouries. " 

t There ucr; Scotts here, but I fancy nctt Arojigerous. 



THE HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OR CHURCHES. 83 

why this coat is here. Wini.im Brampton, Esq., was 
party to a fine here in 21 Henry VIII. (X. E., p. 560), 
and it is possible that the John Brampton, the elder, to 
whom a letter was addressed in 147 1, about a rumour of 
invasion, may have been a Cromer man, for he is asso- 
ciated (J.a.) with a Henry Spiiman, which is quite a 
Cromer name. On a brass at Sprowston Knollys im- 
pales Brampton, and we have seen that Blomfield ascribes 
coat No. 3 here to Knollys]. 

7. [Arnold ? — W. R.] Arg. 2 dolphins hauriant completant (sic; 

sa. on a chief gu. 3 scallops an 

8. [? ]. Per chevron sa. and ar. 3 seamews' heads 

erased and countercharged. 

9. [Plantajenct]. Az. florette az. quartering Gu. 3 leopards or a 

label az. bezanted. 

10. [Bishop of Norwich]. Az. 3 mitres or. 

11. [Bckeswcll]. Ar. 6 anulcts sa. v/ithin a border engrailed gu. 

12. [Bacon quartering Stanhow]. Gu. on a chief arg. 2 mullets sa. 

pierced or quartering. Qr and az. barry of 6, over all a 
bend gu. 

[This coat is usually ascribed to Bacon of Gillingham 
and Garboldisham ; but was probably adopted by them 
from the arms of the older family of Bacons of Thurgarton 
(a branch of the Bacons of Baconsthorpe), who bore Gu. 
[a boar passant ar.] in chief, a crescent between 2 estoils 
or. 

Elizabeth Repps married Ralph Stanhow,* of Beding- 
field, Suffolk (Norf. Vi:iitn., p. 196). 

13. Clere. 

14. Heydon. 

15. Berney. 

Two of the four chapels which can now be traced were coeval 
with the church, and arc mentioned, though not by name, in John 
Gosselyn's will of 1388. 

One of these two older chapels was the Chapd of our Lady cf 

• Stanhow of BcJiiigfidd, SufTulk, one of whom married in Repps, Norf. Vis., 
p. 151. 



8^. CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

Pity, in which was an image to, and an altar of, the Blessed 
Virgin Mary.* A guild of the same name— '^ Our Lady's Guild of 
Pity "—was held in this chapel.f and a light of our Lady, which 
was no doubt sustained by such guild, burned before her image. J 

The other chapels were the Chapel of the Good Cross, mentioned 
in the will of John Andrews, who left a legacy for its emendation 
in 1480 ; the Chapel of St. Nicholas, in which Richard Brandon 
was buried in 1434,;! and in which was St. Nicholas' light,§ 
probably tended by a guild of the same name ; and Maid Ridi- 
bone's Chapel^, the only mention of which, I find, is in Henry 
Shelle's will of 15 14. 

Besides these chapels there were probably shrines and images 
belonging to the Guilds of St. Peter, St Anne, St. George,** St. 
Trinity,tt St James,;; and St. John the Baptist, all of which guilds 
are mentioned in the wills of different inhabitants, making with the 
two named before no less than eight guilds held in this church. 
All of these no doubt had lights, besides which were the Plough 
Light,;:; to which nearly every one left a legacy, the Women's 
Plough Light,§§ the Plough Light in Estgate (will of Nicholas 
Gloyte, 149 1, w^hich also mentions the Great Plough Light), the 
light on the High Rood Loft,^*; St Nicholas' Light (will of William 
Rudde, 1452), and the light of St. Saviour.*** 

There v.-as an image of SL IMary and St. Ann, the mother of St. 
Mary, on the north side of the church (see will of William 

♦ Will of John Skylman, 1462. 

t Will of John Andrews. 1480. 

+ Will of John Mariyn, 1409. 

II Blomefield, vol. viii., p. io5. 

§ Will of Henry Shelle, 1514. 

\ For a notice of this quaint quasi-canonized female, see an able paper by the Rev. 
James Buhver, in the Norf. Arch. Sk. Original Papers, vol. ii., p. 290. 

•• In I4S7, John Mason left a legacy to this guild on condition that he had the use of 
its light about his hearse at his funeral. 

tt The image of the Holy Trinity is mentioned in Richard Chylde's will, 1459. 

XX John Fetche's will, 1453. 

IJII The Beeston Plough Light is called the " Light of the Holy Trinity, called Plow- 
candell," in the will of Simon Reed, dated 1432. 

§^ Henr)- Shelle's will, 1 5 14. 

^\ John Anderson's will. 15 14. 

**• John Hermers will, 1402. 



THE IIISTORV OF THE CHURCH OR CHURCHES. 85 

Mannysficld, 1424), and the ;image of the Holy Trinity is men- 
tioned in 1459. 

The poor man's box is mentioned in the will of James Payn, 
dated 155 1. 

The ornaments and vestments of the church were, we know, of 
extreme splendour, as appears by the Inventory* of them, taken 
by the King's Commissioners in 6 Edward VI , of which the fol- 
lowing is a copy : — 

Cromer. This Inventor\'e indented, made the ij*^^ daye of Septem- 
ber, in the vj'*^ yeare of the raign of o"^ Sou^'aign Lord 
Edward the sext, by the g=^ce of God Kyng of Englond, 
ffrance, & Irelond, Defendo"" of the faythe, & in earthe 
of the churche of Englond, and also of Irelond, the 
su^me heade, Betwen Willfn ffa\-rmo'', John Robsart, 
Xpofer Heydon, knyghts, Osbert ]\Ioundeford, Robt 
Barney, and John Callybutt, Esquuyers, ComissioSs, 
amongest others assigned by vcrtue of the kyngs 
mat* commission to them directed, for the survey of 
Church goods in Norff, on thoon ptye, and Rychard 
Cloyte, WilhTi Sadler, Will- Colbck £: Robert Blofeld 
of the sayd town on thother ptye, W'ytnesseth yt ther 
remayneth in the custodye of the sayd Rychard, 
Willm, Willm, and Robt, the daye of the date hereof, 
the pcells under wreten. 

ffyrst, ij chales, w' ij patens of silv 
dobill gilt, Wherof the first weythe 



.9 



I 



XX ounce, & ye ij^^ xix ounce, at ( ^"J ' '^ 



f, at ( 
Sm. j 



iiij* iiij'^ y* ounce Sm. 

Itm one sute of red clothe of bawd- \ 
kyn (vid}) a cope, a vestmt, ij I viij'' 

tunycles, & iij albys, pryce J 

Itm an other sute of blak sylke, a -x 

cope, a vestmt, ij tunycles, & iij > viij* 

albys, p'ce J 



Norf, Church Coeds, Public Record OfBce, vol. 50*, No. 21. 



86 



CROMER, PAST AND TRESEXT. 



Itm V coopcs whereof the first of ^ 
whytc sylkc \v* roses, price iij', y^ 
ij^e of clothe of golde, pre xxxx\ 



the 



iij^ 



of crimson vcllctt, vj^ J> Iviij' viij 



viij , y^ iiij'^ of whytc damaske 
iiij*, the v-^* of blue damaske, p<^e 
V* Sm 

Itm vij vestments whereof the first >| 
of whyte silk w' roses p'ce ij^ y^ 
ij'-"* of cloth of bawdkyn, pryce iij', 
the iij''^ of cPv-mson vellett vy \'u'y\ 
the iiijth of whyte damask iij\ the 
v*-'* of red sylkc of Bryges, ij^ the 
vj''* of red sylke bourde alysander 
xij'', the vij ■' of grcne damaske v' 

Sm J 

Itm a canapye of peynted clothe & 
iiij alter clothes & a vayle ij* Sin 
vj' [This line is struck out]. 

Itm a crossc of laten, ij grett stand- \ 
yng candclstykks of latcn, iiij small I 
candelst}^kks of laten, an holy - 
water stoppe of laten, weying 
Ixxviij'' at ij^ >•« H Sm* 

Itm ij pewter basons and ij hand ) 
bells, pryce 

Itm V. stcplc bells, weyng by esti- 
macon Ixij-, whereof the first viij<=, 
iij^= xij<=, y^ iiij'h 
xviij^, at xv^ the 
c. Sm.. 

Itm v [struck out and 4 substituted] 



/ 



the ij^= xS th.c 
xiiijc, & the v^"^ 



XXIIJ' VIIJ'' 



xiij" 



xni/ 



r Xhf 



clapps to the same bells, weyng 

xj'^ pounds, at i'^ y* li. Sm. x'' 

[The weight is struck out — and 

"valued at vij-" substituted]. 
Whereof Assigned to be occupyed & used in thadministracon 
of divine svice, both ther (sic) sayd chales of xxxix ouncf 
and bell of xviij"= with the clapp. 



THE HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OR CHURCHES. 



s; 



In Wytnes whcrof the sayd commissions & others, the sayd 
psns, ptics to thes psents have sett thcr hands the daye S: yer 
above wreten. 

Robert Bristowe (?) W'yllm Sadler. 

[In the marc;in is the following note: " Gylde Stufe — 
Itm iij brasse potts of Ix'', at iiij'^ y^ li. Sm. xx*. Itm xl' 
of pewter, at iiij- the 1'. Sm. xiij^ ui'yK Itm ij spets weying 



xij'', at i'^ ye 1'. Sm. xij^ 



Itm a masour, \v' ij ouncf of 



silv (by estmacon} pee, vi^ viij'^."] 

Guilds, lights, and ornaments alike were, however, swept av.-ay 
by the Reformation, and in another century the church had fallen 
out of repair, especially in the chancel, which had been sacl}- 
neglected. 







-'■ 


^.--^'"" 


^- 


4 




r> ■ 


..^ :f 








'■ ': I ".^ '.' 




•-« 






....„._ .....^ 



M 



88 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

There was a brief for restoration of the church in 1664 (E. A. iv., 
p. 282), and see a letter as to this brief in i6j6 in Tanner's MS.S. 
(Bodl.), vol. 312, No. 3. 

In 16S1 the chancel was so dilapidated that it would have cost 
over /"looo to rebuild it — at least, so said the Rev. Tho. Gill,* 
Rector of Ingworth, who v/as lessee of the great tithes under the 
Bishop of Ely, and whose duty it consequently was to keep it in 
repair ; — and the Bishop of Norwich, to his shame be it said, gave 
his consentf on the 30th Nov., 168 1, to Gill to pull it down, and 
build up three walls at the end of the three aisles to stop the 
dilapidations extending further. The result of this consent was 
the ruin shown on the last page. 

The order was as follows : — 

An order concerning Cromer Chancell. 

Antony by divine Permission Bishop of Norwich. To o"" trustie i 
welbeloued Thomas 0:11 of Cromer, Clerke & Rector of the parish 
Church of Jngworth in the County of Norft. & Diocesse of Nonvcb, 
Health in o^ Lord God Ew^lasting, Whereas wee were lately informed, 
That the Lord Bishop of Ely hath graunted you the said Thomas Gill 
a Lease of the Tythes of Cromer within this o^ diocesse of Norwch 
Vpon Condicon that you the said Thomas Gill shall i v.-ili convert the 
Chancell of the said parish Church of Cromer now ^ of a long time 
ruined i decayed according to this o^ order herevnd^ written And for 
the better ordering &: converting the said Chancell the said Lord Bishop 
of Ely : hath added ^^ allowed you out of his fiine five 5: Thirty Pownds 
& all the Materialls thereto belonging soe that it may be done to or 
satisfaction Wee therefore did issue out o^ Commission to view & 
inspect the Premisses to o^^ trusty weibeioued S'' Augustine Palgraue 
Baronett, Willm. Wyndham Esq, Nabbs Browne Gent, Richard Eilis 
Gent, And Thomas Eyres William Ashmore Robert Marshall & 
WiUiam Williams Clerkes bearcing date the i6th day of Novemb"" 16S1. 
Since v.hich wee hauc receiucd a Certi-^^cate vnder the hands & scales 
of the said S^ Augustine Palgraue Bart, Robert Marshall Willm. 
Ashmore Clerkes & Nabbs Brown 5: Richard Ellis Gent, adviseing vs 
That the dilapidacons of the said Chancell are soe great that it cannot 
be rebuilt without vaste Charge in the Judgement of sunicient worke- 

• ^^'ho this man was, I do not know. But it is not impossible he was a kin to that 
ardent republican, Alexander Gill, (Mr.ster of S:. Paul's School), whose brother, 
Nathaniel Gill, was the eccentric rector of Burgh, by Aylsham, in 1638. (See Genealo- 
gist, vol. v., p. 81.) 

t Lib. Fac. !., fo. 98. 



THE HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OR CHURCHES. 89 

men 6.: others, The Charj^e amounting to the Summc of one thowsand 
povvnds & vpwards And therefore doe Judge it more convenient 
That the Materialls of the Chancell be taken down & Three walls built, 
vp att the End of the three Jsles by w^^ mcancs the Church v.ilbe the 
better strengthened & pserued from farther Ruine & Dilapidacons 
And haueing viewed the Materialls about the said Chancell doe Judge 
That the moneyes ariseing from the sale of the same together with the 
35I added &; allowed by the said Lord Bishop of Elye or v.ith verie 
little more may build vp the Three walls And haueing viewed the said 
Church doe know it to be capatious enough without the Chancell to 
containe all the Jnhabitants of the said Towne of Cromer for the vse 
Qf divine service & may more if they resort thither And forasmuch as 
you the said Thomas Gill hath given vs sufficient securite for the 
l^formance of this o"^ Order heere vndr v^-ritten Wee doe therefore 
authorize & pmitt you the said Thomas Gill Gierke to take downe, 
convert &: make sale of the s J Ivlatenalis belonging to the said Chancell 
and Vestrie apperteineing >S: being a parte of the same & with the same 
to build the said Three walls well & sufnciently And also to give an 
Accompt that the same is well S: sufnciently done att or before the 
Nine & Twentyeth day of September which shalbe in the yeare of Cr 
Lord one Thowsand Six hundred Eighty & three Jn witncs whereof 
we haue caused the scale of o' Vicar geniii.il which wee vse in this 
behalfe to be herevnto sett Dated this Thirtyeth day of Novembr 
Ao Diil. 16S1 Sz in the Sixth yeare of o^ Translacoii 

ffor the Comission & Bands herein 
looke the fnle for faculties for seats 

The work of demolition is said to have been completed by gun- 
powder (I sincerely wish the reverend gentleman had been seated 
on the mine at the time of its explosion), and the rood-screen and 
loft, if not already down, must have been sacrificed when the 
chancel arch was blocked up. 

The appearance of the church, when Blomefield wrote, is well 
shown by the reproduction of his plate on the next page. 

In 1758, a detailed estimate was given of repairs then thought 
necessary to be done to the church, and this I have printed at page 
xHii. of Appendix. It is a melancholy document and speaks for 
itself. Apparently the money was not raised, and matters grew 
worse and worse. In 1767, most of the roof of the nave and aisles 
had fallen in, and the rest had been pulled down to avoid acci- 
dents ; while the floor, windows, and walls were so decayed that it 
would have required at least ^1000 to repair them, — a sum much 



90 



CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 







-^----^-r.-^ 


g.ay.'~J^: 




^ 


^^ 


' ' 




' "■ : 






. 


- 1 








', 




,_, 






■ - ' -- • ' .-^ ."• 




- - - „^ 


- .-• 


: - - -'C -. _ . 



■ •^"^~.^">*ii^"-V> t'' >^ " a-iWi 



too large for the inhabitants, who were chiefly poor fishermen and 
a few tradesmen, who could only raise ^^250 wherewith to repair 
the roof with good oak, and cover it with slate or tile, &c. This 
we learn from the preamble of a memorial to the Bishop for liberty 
to sell four of the bells, and the lead and timber of the old roof, in 
aid of the repairs. 

The Bishop gave the following faculty required on the 21st 
April, 1767 :— 

ffaculty to sell ffour Bells occ. belonging to Cromer Church to- 
wards Re-edifying the same. 

Philip by divine permission Bishop of Norwich To our beloved in 
Christ Anthony Ditchell ar.d Robert Plumbly Churchwardens of the 
parish and parish Church of Cromer in the County of Norfolk within 
our Diocess and Jurisdiction sendeth Greeting. Whereas we have 
lately received a petition under your Hands as also under the Hands 
of divers other principal Inhabitants of the said parish of Cromer 
Shewing unto us, That your said parish Church of Cromer (a large 
Antient and spacious Building) is very much decayed by time, the 



THE HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OR CHURCHES. QI 

Roof chiefly fallen down and the Remainder, for preventing further 
Damage, with great Danger and Expence have been taken down and 
that the filoor Windows and Walls are much decayed so that at a 
moderate Estimate the same cannot be Re-edined according to the 
former State and Condition thereof for so little Expence as one 
Thousand pounds which is a much larger Sum than can be raised by 
the Jnhabitants of the said parish who chiefly consist of poor ffisher- 
men and some few Tradesmen, Yet being ver\- desirous of having a 
proper place for the decent Worship of God have jointly agreed to 
raise by subscription upwards of Two hundred and ffifty pounds which 
they purpose to apply towards new Roofing, the said Church with 
'good oak and covering the same with Slate or Tile and also putting 
the Body of the said Church into such order as that (although it be not 
restored to its former State) Divine service may with decency be cele- 
brated therein But that the sum so agreed to be raised as aforesaid 
being far short of what will be wanted for the said intended Work the 
said petitioners therefore humbly crave our Licence or ffaculty to sell 
ffour of the five Bells belonging to the said Church and the Lead that 
came off the main Roof. And also such of the Timber or Board of 
the sd Roof as may be found Saleable and to apply the Money arising 
by such sale in aid of the Expence of Re-edifying the said Church in 
the manner above proposed as in and by the said petition now Re- 
maining in our Registr}' may more fully appear Now know ye that 
we the said Bishop being, as well from our personal knowledge of the 
State and Condition of the said Church as from other Circumstances 
thoroughly satisfied of the Truth of the ffacts set forth in your said 
petition, Have thought fit to give and grant and by these presents (so 
far as by Law we may or canj Do give and grant unto you the Church- 
wardens aforesaid our License or ffaculty to sell and dispose of nour of 
your said five Bells and the Lead that came off the Main Roof of your 
said Church And also such of the Timber and Board of the said 
Roof as may be found saleable and to apply the Money arising by such 
sale towards Re-edifying your said Church and making the same fit 
and convenient for the decent Celebrating Divine Service therein in 
the manner and as proposed in and by your said petition .Sc is dated 
21 April 1767. 

And the materials, I find, from a memorandum given me a few 
years ago by the late Mr. Simon Simons, of Cromer, sold as 
follows :— 26 tons of lead at £\2, £i\2 ; 52 cwt of bells at £1 i6s., 
^^197 i-s. ; old materials* ^20. Total ^^529 12s. Elsewhere, 

• I shudder when I think what brasses, carved wood-work, ic, ic, were probably 
included in this item. 
A brief for rebuilding the church is in Brit, Mus., B. viii. 6. 



92 CROMEK, PAST AND PRESENT. 

however, I find that altogether 30 tons of lead were sold at ^15, 
which would make £138 more, and, with the ;^250 to be collected, 
very nearly the whole of the i^iooo required. 

The money so raised was religiously expended in the highest 
style of churchwardens' architecture, to the intent of rendering the 
church as wind and water-tight, and as hideous as possible, for the 
money. The dilapidated tracery of the windows— stained glass 
and all— was knocked out, and wooden frames of a plainness 
beyond conception substituted ; while high pews were erected, a 
great west gallery was run up, and, in fact, nearly everything done 
that could possibly spoil what little was left of the architectural 
beauty of the church. 

On the 18 August, 1792, the organ was opened by :\lr. J. 
Beckwith, of Xorv/ich (Xorf. Rememb.). 

It was reserved for the authorities in 1840, to put the finishing 
touch to a century and a half of vandalism ; for, to obtain 54.0' 
extra sittings, they pulled down the west gallery, and not only 
built it up again, which was bad enough, but erected two others 
along the aisles, which was worse. 

A better day, however, was in store for the grand old building. 
A few years ago a strong feeling began to show itself that the state 
of the church, the architectural beauty and marvellous ornamenta- 
tion of which made it so v.-eli known all over England, was a 
disgrace to the parish ; and there were not wanting those who 
came forward nobly with funds for its restoration. 

The lord of the chief manor, Benjamin Bond Cabbell, Esq., be- 
behaved like lords of manors used to do in the old church- 
building times, and gave over £1700 to the fund, which reached 
£4,807 19s. 6d., all spent on the restoration. 

Besides this large sum many special gifts came in, a list of 
which, and of the worthy donors, I give below,* and the result has 

* The Nave Roof, by B. B. Cadsell, Esq., C. Buxton, Esq., M.P., Sir T. F. 
BuxTO.v, Bart., M.P. 
The Aisle Roofs, by B. B. C.xsrELL, Esq. 
Four ^Vindo\vs, by B. B. Caubell, Esq. 
One Window, by Sir T. F. and Lady Victoria Buxton. 
One Window, by S. Gitrney Bcxton and E. N. Buxton, Esqs. 
One Window, by H. Birkp.kck, Esq. 
One Window, Memorial to late Mr. Heath. 
One Window, Memorial to late Mr. Charles Stewart Earle. 



THE PRESENT STATE OF THE CHURCH. 93 

been what every one must admit to be a most happy restoration, 
which was ably superintended by IMr. Brown, an architect of 
Norwich, with the help of Mr. Newman, a master builder of Jetty 
Street, who did his work very thoroughly, and has a most curious 
and extensive knov.ledge of the building, and to whom I w^as 
greatly indebted v/hen I compiled my former account of the 
church. The present restoration is supervised by Mr. Blomfield, 
the builders being strangers to these parts, which is a pity. 

Up to March, 1SS9, the amount actually subscribed for the 
further restoration of tower and chancel amounted to ^754^ 2s. yd. 



^^e '^vesent ^iaU of t&e f Burc^. 

The present Church,* dedicated to St. Peter and St Paul, as 
originally constructed, consisted of a nave v/ith two aisles, north 
and south porches with chambers, chancel with two chapels, and a 
tower; to v/hich was added shortly afterwards a fine galilee, or 

One Window, Memorial to the late Vicar, Rev. W. Sharpe. 

One Window and Comsiunion Table, by the Misses Rudge and Friends. 

The South Clerestory V\'indow:; and Font, by Mrs. Herring and Friends. 

Organ and Restoration of North Porch, by Miss S. COLSON and Friends. 

Pulpit, by Miss Ed'.vards, Hardingham Hall. 

Reading Desk, by H. E., C. L., and F. W. Buxtqn, Esqs. 

Lectern, by H. R. Pearsox, Esq., and Family. 

Bible and Prayer Cook, by C. Williams, Esq. 

Books for Communion Table, by Rev. F. Fitch and Family, 

Alms Basins, and Linen Cloth and Napkins, by the Misses Soames. 

Pavement for Communion space, by Miss Bkereton and Friends. 

Stools for Communion space, by Miss Sueri-ngha.m. 

Clock, by J. Glrney Barclay, Esq. 

♦ There can be no doubt that the present fabric, whether it be that built about 1337 
or not, is erected on the site of an earlier and smaller church. Immediately inside 
the pillars of the present chancel arch are the bases of two pillars of earlier work, 
standing about 2^ in. above the tloor, and when the church was re-tioored in 1S63-4, an 
older floor and the foundations of a small square (?) tower were discovered about 2^ ft. 
below the then surface. Twenty inches outside the modem wall which now blocks up 
the chancel arch, are the traces of the ba^e of an old chancel wall, now nearly level with 
the ground, composed of rough t:int-work cased on the east or outside with stone having 
a beviUed edge, and ending on the south with a buttre?s, which stands out about four 
feet firom the present walJ. 



94 



CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 



west porch, and still more lately a third chapel at the north-cast 
end of the chancel. Its style is throughout Early Perpendicular, 
and its material is flint, .squared v/ith great care, and the windows 
and buttresses are faced v.ith carved stone-work. It stands in a 
churchyard now measuring about 300 by 225 feet, but which for- 
merly extended far more to the east, the foundations of the old 
boundary wall having been discovered in the yard of a house in 
Brookes Street. The churchyard, indeed, is said to have once 
contained four acres,* 

The, Nave was until recently divided from the chancel, the 
chancel arch having been v.-alled-up in i68r, as stated before. 
From east to west, viz., from the inside of the wall that blocked up 
the arch to the beginning cf the tower arch, the nave measures 




Fig. I. Plan of the Pillars. 



* The old rectory house stood on the site of a white house now lying in a line between 
the ruins of the chancel and the sea. A piece of land called Welle Yard, adjoining the 
rectory on its south side, wiih a \v;ll on it, was granted in the 6th Richard II. (13S3) by 
John, son of Reginakle de Eccles. and John Goselyn (who ne.xt year was the first vicar) 
to the king, Sir William de W.-.i'.eworth, knight, and John Plastyngs of Cromer. 
Witnesses— James, son cf William. J^hn Thommcs, Robert Br}'n}T:g, Adam Hare, John 
Howeson, and others. 

In the 26 Elizabeth (15S4), the incumbent. Stephen Roberts, was sued by Robert 
Underwood and others for repairs of the Vicarage House. 

The terrier of 1627 (30 .A.;)rii) mentions : — 

" Imprimis on pece of ground caled the Vickrrige Yard lying between the lands of 
Joane Joly and others on the sowthe and the sea bankes on the north conteyTie by 
estemation thre rodes. ' 



THE PRESENT STATE OF THE CHURCH. 95 

100 ft 9 in., and its breadth (within the pillars supporting the 
roof) is 26 ft. 9^4^ in. The nave roof, which is a modern open- 
hammer beam one, of carved pitch-pine, rises 61 feet from the 
floor, reckoninj^ to the key beam, and is supported on either side 
by six arches, the pillars on the south being plain, but those on 
the north ornamented by tracery under the cappings. The nave 
is lit on each side by six Perpendicular windows,* and as many 
two-light clerestory windows, 7 ft. 9 in. high, topped on the outside 
by lion-head gurgoylcs. To the west of the last real window on 
either side is a " dummy," or imitation window^ with similar stone- 
work to the others, but filled in with flint-work (see fig. 4). 




Figs. 2 and 3. "Cappings of Pillars." 

The present Font is an octagon of Caen stone, erected some 
years ago at the cost of Airs. Herring. Portions of the old fontf 
have been utilised as a base for the present pulpit, which is, as are 
the modern reading desk, communion table and rail, beautifully 
carved in light wood by Chapman of Hanworth, 

• In 1444, Simon Norman, of Filby (no doubt a kinsman of the then vicar), left ten 
marks for two new windows on the north part of the west end. 

t The bowl of the old font is now in the garden of Mr. H. Sandford. 



96 



CROMER, PAST AND PRESEXT. 



No traces of either Rood-screen or Loft now remain,* but they 
were probably of great magnificence, if we may judge from the 
frequent mention of them in early wills. It was put up about 
1433, when William Crowmer, Lord Mayor of London, and a 
native of this place, left no less than £40 to the fabric of the new 
rood loft here. The will of William Shelle, in 1514, mentions a 
light on it. When the church was reseated at the late restoration, 
the old pews were found placed on beams of oak and horse- 
chestnut, richly painted and gilt, probably parts of the old screen 
or roof. From Robert Kemp's notes (which are said to have been 
taken in 1575, though the entry relating to Cromer is specially 
dated 17 Jany., 1500), it seems that the arms of Bacon quartering 
Stanhow then hung in painted cloth over the rood loft (North 
Erp., page 3). Another hatchment is that thus figured in Martin's 
Church Notes, /t'Wi- w^, and illustrated in the catalogue of my MS.S. 

There was also a south aisle screen when IMartin took his Church 
Notes, which then bore the inscription : — " Orate p aiab) Johis 
Br5n 1 Agnetis uxoris ejus qui totum hoc opus cu pictura fieri 
fecfrut qoi; aiab} ppicietur de^ Amen." 

The screens were probably removed in 168 r, when the arches 
were blocked up. The loft was reached by two staircases or rood- 
turrets (both still existent), formed outside the church. The more 
important one was that on the north side, where a door, 6 ft. 7 in. 
by 2 ft. II in. (now bricked up), opened through the north aisle 




Fig. 4- Clerestory \rmdow3. 
• Except a faint suspicion of colour on the wall where the loft joined the rood-turret. 



THE PRESENT STATE OF THE CHURCH. 



97 



wall into a six-sided rood-turret about twenty feet high, built 
outside the church and cased with stone, which has fallen away on 
the north and cast sides, leaving the staircase open to the church- 
yard. This staircase, which is circular and of three feet radius 
within, led up by seventeen steps to an entrance (now blocked up) 




into the rood-loft. Level to the entrance, and on the west side of 
the staircase, is a niche or cupboard about three feet high and 
three feet deep, by a foot broad at the entrance, but widening out 
within. This recess is locally called the " Cobbler's Hole," and is 
said to have been used as a place of punishment or confinement, 



98 CROMER, TAST AND PRESENT. 

but probably served as a receptacle for. books, &c. The other and 
smaller entrance to the rood-loft was by a door (5 ft. 8 in. by i ft. 
.9 in.) in the wall of the south aisle, leading into a still perfect 
spiral staircase in the exterior of the church. 

The Aisles are of the same length as the nave, and about 
thirteen feet wide clear of the pillars, the north aisle and the north 
aisle pillars measuring a trifle more than the south aisle and its 
pillars. Each aisle is lit by five Perpendicular windows on its 
side, and one of similar size and character at its west end. These 
windows, which are four-light, with transoms, are about 24 ft. high 
by 9 ft. II in. wide. Those on the south aisle were some years ago 
filled with stained glass : three by Benjamin Bond Cabbell, Esq., 
two by the Buxton family, and one by Henr\^ Birkbeck, Esq., but 
the colouring and design of all are feeble and poor. The east end 
of the south aisle was until recently partitioned off and used as a 
vestry ; and the small spiral staircase to the rood-loft mentioned 
above was converted into a chimney. Towards the west of this 
aisle a fine doonvay, 6 ft. 11 in. broad was closed by a very elabo- 
rately carved and beautiful oaken door,* probably coeval with the 
church itself, leads into the south porch. Half way up the north 
aisle are very deep vaults, but of what antiquity I do not know ; 
and at the west end of this aisle is the entrance to the north porch, 
now used as a vestry and referred to hereafter. 

The Chancel was probably not completed in 1388, when John 
Gosselyn, then vicar, left ;^io to make a three-light window, with 
the figures of St. 'Slaty Magdalene, St Christopher, and St 
Katherinc, decently depicted thereon. 

In 1 39 1, Simon Chyldc left a legacy for the emendation of the 
glass in the window on the east part of the church. 

The " desks in the chancel " are mentioned in the will of William 
Tuke, the vicar, in 1521, who asks to be buried in the chancel, "in 
the entering between the desks." 

The High Altar was no doubt magnificent. John Ward left no 

• For no earthly reason this fine and perfect door was on the last " restoration " taken 
down and put up in the Tower, while a vile and impudent caricature of it was inserted in 
its place. In a somewhat long experience of cruelty to churches, this is the worst act of 
vandalism I have ever noticed. The iiluitration on page 97 is what it used to be. — 
W. R. 



THE PRESENT STATE OF THE CHURCH. 99 

less than 53s. 4d., in 1 504, for the gilclinc^ alone of it Of the plate on 
it we get an idea only from the Church Goods Inventory, printed 
at page 85, which refers to two chah'ces and patens of silver double 
gilt, weighing 20 and 19 ounces. Perhaps one of them was the 
"standing piece with a cover," lef: by Agnes Multon, in 1528, who 
also left " a little piece to make a jewel for the church." 

There would seem to have been both great and small organs, for 
the keeper of the small organ had a legacy under the will of John 
Spynk, in 1500. 

The chancel was blown down by gunpowder, as stated before, in 
or shortly after i6Sr, and the chancel and aisle arches were blocked 
up with square flint-work, and a rough round-arch three-light 
window made about three-fifths up the wall, filling in the chancel 
arch. *" A small east door was also constructed under the new 
window, but both have since been closed up, — the window with 
brick and the door with flint-work. The pitch of the chancel roof 
may still be seen against the wall above the chancel arch. Rec- 
koning from the modern barrier-wall mentioned above, the chancel 
measures 56 ft. 4 in. in length. Its breadth is the same as the 
nave, and it is flanked for rather more than half its length by north 
and south chapels, exactly corresponding in height, breadth, and 
elevation, with the aisles of the nave. The chancel walls are 
nearly all down, in fact that on the south, which is the most perfect, 
stands only four feet from the ground at its highest part. In this 
south wall (hard against the east wall of the south chapel) is a 
Priest's Door, of which only the bases of the carved door-posts 
and the lintel (3 ft. wide) now remain nearly level with the ground.f 
Immediately inside this door was a fine Purbeck marble monu- 
mental slab, now decayed and in small pieces. Towards the east 
of this doorway, three steps, composed of red tiles (4I in. by 19 in.) 
lead up to a higher level, which is paved with the same-sized tiles, 
some bearing a yellow glaze, and a few having a fleur-de-lis on 
them. Along the south wall this tiling is very perfect, and extends 

• From this point the description of the rains is quoted from a little work by me on the 
church printed in 1S70. 

t When the rubbish within this doorway was cleared away some years ago, a stone 
was found, with the figure of a man with a sword by his side prostrated before a scroll, 
which is now in Mr. Sandford's garden. In the present restoration, not only was this 
not worked in, but the bases and lintel referred to were taken away ! Xot far from it 
was also found a curious old key, 18 in. long, now in Mr. Sandford's possession. 



100 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

on the same level to the extreme cast end of the chancel, and is 
also found along the north wall. The whole of the chancel is 
covered up with the great fragments of wall which were thrown 
down on its destruction, and which lie about, one above the other, 
in half a dozen immense masses, flung about, but barely broken, 
their flint-work remaining as perfect as though made yesterday. 
These unwieldly fragments have prevented me from examining the 
chancel floor very minutely, and it has been only by grovelling 
under them and clearing away the debris with my hands, that I 
have been able to make out the old level of the floor. While 
groping about among the rubbish, under where the great east 
window must have fallen, I have often found small pieces of painted 
glass and slate.* 

" A little to the south of the centre of the chancel, and now level 
with the ground, is a large slab of hard stone, 6 ft. 6 in. by 3 ft. 
I in. ;• probably, from its central position, the Founder's Tomb, 
which until recently was crossed and worn away by a path or right 
of way over the chancel ruins.+ Immediately to the east of this 
slab is a larger one of soft red stone, 7 ft. 9 in. by 3 ft i in., and 
within living memory there were in the chancel ruins very many 
others, some bearing brasses, all of which are now gone. Two of 
the slabs are now in the north porch ; but the brasses ? 

" Each Chapel is 29 ft. 2 in. in length, and has, or rather had, 
two windows, counterparts of those in the aisles. Of the SOUTH 
Chapel the pier of the more westerly window is still standing, but 

* Mr. G. Sandford has a large quantity of fragments of stained glass found here and 
elsewhere in the church, but none lar;je enough to be described. On two different pieces 
are the words "fenestra" and "mari,"' which probably referred to the gift of a window 
as a thanksgiving for rescue from, or propitiation against, the perils of the sea. Mr. 
Jarvis has a much larger collection of fragments of glass, which he has unluckily worked 
up in a frame with glass obtained from other churches. Among them are representations 
of chuich windows, arches, ic, which may possibly be meant for the present or the 
earlier church. With his permission, I shall some day illustrate these. 

t This path, now happily closed, was not much used after sunset, for the old ruins are 
an eerie place in the dark, and there is more than one ghost storj' lingering about them. 
An old man I employed some years ago to clear away some of the rubbish, told me that not 
long ago, as he was crossing the chancel at night, a little child-like tigure, dressed in 
white, rose from the ground within an arm's length of him, and gradually increased in 
height till its face was level with his, and that then all of a sudden a great gash appeared 
across its throat, the blood poured down in a torrent over its white clothes, and it 
vanished like a tlaih, leaving a sigh sounding in his ears. 



THE PRESENT STATE OF THE CHURCH. 10 1 

its companion has fallen inwards, in a still unbroken mass, since the 
sketch of it was taken for Blomefield's Norfolk, which shows it still 
up. Most of the cast wall of this chapel has also fallen, what 
remains only averaging three feet high, its thickness being two 
feet Within this chapel and towards its east end are three low 
foundation walls of round boulder-work, now level with the ground, 
which apparently once formed the sides of a table-tomb and sup- 
ported a slab. There are also traces of red-tile steps leading up to 
its south-east end, where the chapel altar probably stood. 

" The North Chapel is almost entirely down and presents no 
feature of interest. To the east of it are the tolerably perfect walls 
of what was apparently another Chapel, palpably of later con- 
struction, as it must have obstructed the light of the chancel, 
against the north wall of which it was reared. This was probably 
once used as a vestry, and may be the vestry mentioned in the 
Bishop of Norwich's license of i6Si. It is now enclosed by iron 
railings and used as a burying-place for the Rust family." 

The Tower, the inside measurement of which is 22 ft 8 in, 
from east to west, and 22 ft. 6h in. from north to south, is divided 
from the nave by the tower arch, the pillars supporting which 
measure six feet across.* In the north wall is a large pointed 
recess, 5 ft 3 in. broad by 13 ft 8 in. high and 23 in. deep, probably 
once used as a receptacle for banner staves and processional 
crosses, &c. The doorway (8 ft 3 in. by 4 ft) leading to the 
tower staircase is in the junction of the north and west walls, a 
portion of the latter being angled off to make room for the door. 
Twenty winding steps lead to a recess in which was once the door 
opening on to the bell sollar (now pulled down), and in this recess, 
stowed away with some rubbish, are two hatchments, to the 
Wyndhams.f 

In the clock chamber, which is eighty-two steps from the tower 
floor, is a splendid and costly clock, which is probably the finest in 
the county, and was given to the church by J. Gurney Barclay, 

* Until recently the tower was disfigured by a gallery, and when the latter was taken 
down upwards of four hundred cartridges, reputed to have been placed there during the 
Peninsular War, were found behind its w^ood-work. 

t First (dexter side shaded) Az. a choj. bet. 3 lions' heads or, on an inescutcheon of 
pretence Gu. on a chief ar. 3 mullets sa. Motto, " Au ion droit." Second (dexter side 
shaded), Wjudham as above, impaling Windham, beneath which is a scull and 
" Jiesurgam,^' 



CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 



■•'■•--4 









I 



t:"- 







"S. 






-■■>,i 



.-^& f ^- 



t 



'^^m 



Esq. From this chamber are doorways leading down by fourteen 
steps to either side of the nave roof ; and through a small window, 
lower than the floor, which looks down on to the nave, there was 
formerly access to the inside of the old roof. 

Ninety steps up there is a doorway opening on to the top of the 
stair, where it is said a lamp was nightly exposed towards the sea 
before the lighthouse was built* 



• This door is popularly known as " Harry Yaxley's Hole," from a boy of that name 
falling from it to the ground under somewhat pectiuar circumstances. It seems he in- 
duced a schoolmate to hold him over the edge by the heels, while he harried a "caddus's 
nist" some little way beneath. His friend while holding him suspended, insisted on 



THE PRESENT STATE OF THE CHURCH. 



103 



One hundred and fourteen steps in all bring one to the entrance 
to the bell chamber, which once had a peal of five fine bells, esti- 
mated in the 6th Edward VL* to weigh 62 cwt. Four of these 
bells (the ist, 2nd, 4th, and 5th) were sold under a faculty obtained 
on 2 1st April, 1767, as mentioned before, to raise funds for the 
repair of the church. They are said by local tradition to have been 
sold to Bow Church, near St. Paul's, and to have been carried to 
London by water, the captain of the ship that took them being one 
Tom Artis.f The four sold weighed altogether 52 cwt, and were 
estimated to be worth £ic,7 12s. od. 

The remaining bell bears the following Leonine inscription in 
black letter. 

iHtousf ^LJero ^it * 6abriel J^trt Seta iBade. 




8?I.fc laSCiOi'TlOM 



having more than his share of the young birds. ''Shahnut hev them," said Yaxley, 
"Then'll drawp thee," replied the other. " Drawp away," retorted Yaxley, which his 
amiable friend accordingly did. Yaxley fell a distance of 70 feet, but (how no earthly 
power can tell) came to no harm, was soon well enough to punch his friend's head, and 
afterwards went away as a man-of-war's man, returning after an eventful life to die quietly 
within sight of the tower he had fallen from. 

• Norfolk Church Goods, vol. 504, No. 21. 

t Very careful search, aided by Mr. Stahlschmidt, the authority on Middlesex bells, 
gives no suppoit to this tradition. 



104 



CROMER, PAST AND RRESENT. 



Above the bcll-cliamber was a room just under the roof, entered 
from the staircase by a doorway about 4 ft. 6 in. high, and lit by 
eight very small windows. There is now no floor to this room, 
but the holes which the beams supporting the floor once ran into 
are still visible. 

One hundred and seventy-one steps in all bring us. to the roof 
of the tower, which is surrounded by a stone parapet 3 ft 9 in. 
high, crested on each side by eight stone fleur-de-lis, while at each 
corner of the tower stands a handsome pinnacle 3 ft 5 in, square 
at the base, and about 13 ft 4 in. above the parapet The tower 
itself measures from the ground to the top of the parapet 147 feet, 
or with the pinnacles 160 ft 4 in., and is 35 feet square at the base. 
This base measurement does not, of course, include the eight tower 
buttresses, each of which stands out about 7 ft 2 in. from the 
tower, is 4 ft. 4 in. broad, and reaches (by five jambs,* the lowest 
of which is enriched with tracery), about 130 feet up the tower. 
The tower is lit on the west by a large four-light modern Perpen- 
dicular window immediately above the west door, and on all its 
sides by four splendid quatrefoil windows or " sound holes," elabo- 



_- \ 



■^-'-< '-^^ '^■^. 



u 



View from the Top of the Tower. 



• Near the top of the third jamb of the west buttress on the south side, was once a 
rose let in with dark llint, and on the corresponding part of the east buttress of the same 
side is a curiously-shaped cross of the same materiaL 



THE PRESENT STATE OF THE CHURCH. 



105 



rately traced,* above which arc four fine two-h'ght lancet windows, 
the tracery of which has recently been replaced. On the face of 
each side of the tower and above the last-mentioned windows are 
five plain stone shields, 2, i, and 2. 

The flint work of the outside of the tower is very fine, as is 
shown by this illustration. 




The cut stone-work, too, it will be noticed, is graceful and flow- 
ing, and, enlarged, as is shown by the illustration on p. 106. 



• Illustrations of these windows are to be found in Parker's Glossary of Aichitecture, 
which also has an engraving of the battlements. 



io6 



CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 









The tower 
1873.* 



has twice been struck with lightning — in 1871 and 



• "On Wednesday evening a heavy thunierstorm passed over Cromer, Norfolk, and 
the parish church was struck by ii;iitnin^. The south-west pinnacle of the tower was 
cut in two, and although it was still left standing it hxs been considered prudent to pull 
it down. The clock was also struck and injured, but the rest of the church escaped Ma- 
YiMX\"— Norfolk Chronicle, July, 1S71. 

"About half-past one on Saturday a storm broke over Cromer, and the church was 
struck by lightning. Fortunately the conductor on the tower carried the electric fluid to 
the earth, yet such was the violence of the shock, that it tore up the earth round about 
for twenty yards. The lightning also forced itself through the wall of the tower three 
feet from the ground, where from the outside a spike is driven in to secure the conductor. 



THE PRESENT STATE OF THE CHURCIi 



107 



The Galilee or West Porch, which was long unroofed,* stands 
out 21 ft. 7 in. from the tower wall, and measures 15 ft. 6 in. broad 
inside. The arch of the doorway leading from it into the tower is 
8 ft 6 in, wide, and richly double moulded, bearing on the outer 
moulding a blank shield and a rose charged with a quatrefoil 
alternately, and on the inner a shield and an angel alternately, 
while the two lower compartments of the inner moulding have an 
angel holding a shield. 




Kerrich's Sketch of part of West Door.f 



Outside of the church, and in the immediate neighbourhood of it, portions of the win- 
dows of private houses were knocked out, and also one square in the reading-room, 
which is at least two hundred yards distant from the church. It also disabled the tele- 
graph instrument at the Post Office, and did other damage. At the time of the shock, 
Miss K. Fitch was alone in the church practising on the organ." — Norfolk Chronicle, 
I2th April, 1873. 

* "When this porch was repaired and roofed, I am sorry to add, a most incongruous 
battlement was run round it. This can, however, be removed at any time without in- 
juring the porch, and no doubt will bo before many years have passed. It is to be hoped 
the authorities in future will confine themselves to lovingly restoring the old work, and 
will not experiment on so grand a building." (I wrote thus in 1870, bat events have 
not fiilfilled my hopes.) 

t Kerrich's sketch is inaccurate, the Angel shown is not on the lowest course, but the 
third from the bottom. 



io8 



CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 









mi 



t^Fll. 






.-I 



5^&?<'-4icri* 







specimen of Oraaments of the Galilee.— See also illustration on page 109. 



THE PRESENT STATE OF THE CHURCH. 



109 



m,^4^'-XFm 



..V, s ^ ;u ,\\ 











^^^^^^^ 






Spccimeos of Ornament of Tower Door inside West Porch. 



no 



CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 



The outer entrance of this porch measures 9 ft 3 in. across, and 
at either side of it is a shield bearing two keys crossed in saltire, 
the emblems of St. Peter. Within the porch, which has narrow 
stone seats running along its sides, are eight fine monumental 
slabs, five incised for brasses, and one, which bears a pall and 
measures 7 ft. 9 in. by 2 ft. 9 in., originally had an inscription 
round its edge, of which the words "God Have" only are now 
legible. 



¥n 










:..'?; ;^« 












The North Porch, now closed up, and used as a vestry,* was 
until recently extremely dilapidated, the walls being detached and 
rocking at every high wind. It stands out 19 feet from the ex- 
terior of the wall of the north aisle, is 16 feet broad on the outside, 
and is lit by two windows, one on either side of it, and measuring 
6 ft. 8 in. by 4 ft 10 in. over all. The entrance to it from within 
was through a large doorway, 9 ft. 2 in. broad, at the west end of 
the north aisle, which doorway was a long time ago blocked up, 
but is now re-opened. It had an oak door much patched up and 



• In this vestry is the church chest, in which are contained, besides the Arnold brass 
and the town books, referred to hereafter, a copy of "Certain Sermons or Homilies 
appointed to be read in Churches in the time of Queen Elizabeth of Famous memory, and 
now thought fit to be reprinted by authority from the King's Most Excellent Majesty." 
Oxford, 1CS3. On its ily leaf is written, '* Robert Richardson owned this, and bought it 
at Norwich, June ye l6th, 1690, and cost Tenn Shillings." 



THE PRESENT STATE OF THE CHURCH. 



II 



mutilated and marked with bullet holes, as though it had been 
used for a target* See illustration on the last page. 

Above this porch is a porch chamber (from which there is a 
hagioscope or "squint-hole" into the church), lit by a small and 
comparatively modern window in its wall, and approached by a 
circular staircase of twenty-two steps formed on the outside of the 
church, and entered by a small door, 5 ft. 2 in. by 2 ft. 3 in., in the 
west corner of the north aisle. This staircase is continued to the 
roof of the aisle, and has three small windows. The porch chamber 






! Ml 







• It is probably this circumstance that gave rise to the absurd and wholly unsupported 
fable that the damage done to the church was done by Cromwell's troopers. 

P 



112 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

has a flrc-placc in its west wall, and what was apparently a neces- 
sariiim in the corner, with a drain pipe running through the thick- 
ness of the aisle wall. The doorway from the north porch into the 
church is a very fine one. Some of the details are shown in 
Kerrich's notes. 

The South Porch is somewhat smaller than the North, 
standing out fifteen feet only from the exterior of the aisle wall 
and having an outside breadth of twelve feet. Its west side has 
been repaired and is perfectly plain, and its east was apparently 
broken by a single window only, which lit the porch chamber. 
Traces of the stone-work of this window still remain built into the 
wall, but nearly the whole of the original flint-work on this side 
has been roughly replaced, and a much smaller window substituted. 

The porch is entered by an elaborately carved doorway, above 
which is the figure of an angel with outstretched v/ings, holding a 
shield just bclo\v a richly-decorated niche, now empty. A billet 
moulding runs under the pointed roof, having at its apex an angel 
holding a baton in his left (?) hand, his right being lifted apparently 
to give a blessing. Round the interior of the porch formerly ran a 
seat two feet from the ground, now removed. The porch chamber, 
now floorless, was reached by a staircase (which also led up to the 
roof of the south aisle), entered at the north-west corner of the 
porch by a door 5 ft. i in, by i ft. 10 in. 

It may not be out of place here to give a few words of descrip- 
tion to the elaborately ornamented stone-v,'ork let into the flint 
outer walls of the church. 

About eighteen inches above the present ground-line a base 
course of carved stones, nine inches square, bearing quatrefoils 
alternately charged with roses and heater or spade-shaped shields, 
runs round the whole of the walls and buttresses of the church. 

Three feet one inch from the ground a flint and stone trefoil 
panelling similarly extends round the church. Each panel is 2 ft. 
'j\ in. high and 14 in. broad, eleven panels filling up the space 
between each pair of buttresses. 



THE PRESENT STATE OF THE CHURCH. 



113 



''"'"SSt?^ 




^ 






The south side is plain, as shown above ; the north side bears 
small shields above the trefoils, as shown below. 



^ 



WS^'^ 







£ 



t=^ 



14 



CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 



The variations of ornament arc very jjreat, and sixteen of them 
arc figured here. 









Mm 












■k 







^l^^^J^ 




THE PRESENT STATE OF THE CHURCH. 



115 



mm 



s^ 



m 












i^V^ 



i 












K 






tl^ 




Variations of Panel Ornaments. 




i6 



CROMER, FAST AND TRESEXT. 



About six inches above the top of the buttresses, and a foot 
below the top of the aisle walls, runs a billet moulding, from which^ 
at the east corner of each buttress, springs a gurgoyle.* Reckoning 
from the east, the first gurgoylc of the south aisle is an ordinary 
devil, with its left hand crammed into its mouth, and its right into 
its ear ; the second is an intensely comical devil, pulling his mouth 



flif 



h 




PI 



'k: 5 



W-^-'.i.-^s^-iflifti 




* Some of these gurgoyles are new, but were copied from fragments of the old. 



THE PRESENT STATE OF THE CHURCH. 



117 



Open with both hands ; the third, an animal, possibly a lion, with 
two cubs of its own species under its paws ; the fourth, a monk (?) 
holding a book(?) ; the fifth, a lion grasping a lamb; and the sixth, 
a man's head much mutilated. The gurgoyles on the north aisle 
are all lions' heads. 

Each of the six buttresses of each aisle is 4 ft. 4 in. deep by 2 
ft 10 in. broad at base, consists of three jambs and weatherings, 
and is formed of the same flint-work as the general body of the 
church, but edged with stone quoins. See illustration on last page. 

The bottom jamb is ornamented at its top with a stone cinque- 
foil arch and spandrils let in flush with the flint-work. The second 
is of a similar character but is more elaborately worked, each 
spandril having a cinquefoil ; while the third has a handsomely 
ornamented recess, with a finely carved octagon pedestal battlc- 
mented at the top, undoubtedly for the reception of an image. 

Above the pedestal there is some delicately carved tracery form- 
ing an open-work canopy ;* the bosses being carved into men's 
heads, as shown below. 




There are, however, numerous variations from the ornamentation 
just described, especially on the north side of the church. 

The ornaments above the Clerestory windows are very good, 
and deserve illustration. 



• Kerrich in his MS. notes on the church above referred to, considers this a very 
unusual feature. 



i8 



CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 







^L^|i'.llv--. 



^ K 



' •■ ' ^ViJM a i .'Vl-"- ' ^ t^-yr'^.« «i L4J.!<^^ui4j i j,u,afVw!W^:J' ' «=i ' J* ' » ' jf^ 






'^^J? ? ^ 






- ^'1 - 







{;• VS^?-^V^ , 



\ 






Ornaments above Clerestory- Windows 



THE PRESENT STATE OF THE CHURCH. 



119 



liliilU 



l'V\ 









// / 



^L^^ 



111! k^ 'V \'^^ 



»»i^S-w ^ x TiT']!:^'^ / r^,''-^ 



^^'^ ^^y>its4i4.,^ ' 










^1^S^^>27 






/J 




Ornaments above Clerestory Windows (continued). 



I20 



CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 



^-^Mjjij' j^-u i ,Mi^!_uji^. jjts B Jw*^^ ^ UL .rlM**- *■ ' !' -,Jp - ' ' 



'r ' -^ifiLili 









...n..'^ 








Ornaments above Clerestory Windows (continued). 



THE HISTORY OF THE ADVOWSON. 



121 







AM^l^ 




Ornaments above Clerestory Windows (continued). 



^isforj? of fOc ^i)t?ott)son. 



Domesday is silent as to the existence of any Church at 
Shipden, though this of course is no evidence that there was then 
no church at that place. The first church, whenever it was built, 
seems to have gone with the king's manor* in Shipden ; and to 
trace the descent of the advowson I must begin with Gerard de 

• Afterwards known as Weyland's manor. 



122 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

Limesi, who held such manor, and had two daughters and co- 
heiresses, Basilia, the wife of Hugh dc Odyngsds, who died 1238, 
and Alianor, the wife of David de Lindsay* 

In the first mention of Shipden Church that we find, we arc told 
that in the reign of Edward I. (1272, &c.), another Hugh de 
Odyngsels was patron, the following being the entry referring to 
it in the " Norwich Domesday." 

Schypedenc. — Taxatio spualitatis — Hugo de Bedyngfelde (sic) est 
pronus illius. Rector ht mansu cu xij acris terre. Esti- 
macio ejusde -r xij m^rc^. Ind'e dccia -^ xvj^ Procur- 
acio -f vi^ viij'-'. Sinodalia pro termlo Sci Michis -f vj^., 
et pro termio Fasche vj*^. Denarij Sti Petri -=- vj'^. 

At this time, however, he was only entitled to a moiety 7'///'^ uxoris.-\ 
The church was then dedicated to St. Peter. 

Soon after this, Williain de Odyngsels, the son of Hugh and 
Basilia, had a grant:|: of the other moiety of the church from his 
kinsman. Sir Henry de Pinkenny, son of another Henry de 
Pinkenny, who had married Alice the heiress of David de Lindsa}-, 
and sister and heiress of Gerard de Lindesey (Org. Roll, 34 H. \\\., 
m 3), and thus acquired the whole advowson. 

In the nth Edward II. {i^iZ), John de Odyngseles seems to have 
sold the advowson to JoJui Broun of Tutington, as appears by the 
finding of a jury on an Inq. ad quod damnum, || held at Aldeby on 
the 25th November in that year, on the oaths of W'" de Iteringham, 
John Wyrning of Shypden, W'" le Clerk of Hanworth, John Attifen 
of Tutyngton, George de Sv/anton of Tutyngton, John Gryme of 
Aldeby, and others, that it would not be to the king's injury if he 
were to enfeoff John Broun of Tutyngton of the advowson of the 
church of St. Peter of Shipeden juxta Eelebrigg ; for that the said 
John de Odyngeselcs held the manors of Iterhyngton (Warr.), 
Bradewell (Oxf), Pyryngton (Heref ), and Cavendish (Sufif.), of the 
king in capite, at the service of two knight's fees, and held the 

• A gift from David de L\-ndcsey to William de Edingsel in Warwick, is to be found 
on the Originalia Roll of 26 Hen. III., memb. il. 
t Vide Pedigree in El. Xorf., vol. vi., p. 170. 
X Undated deed quoted by Blomefield, vol. viii,, p. 105. 
II Inq. ad. quod d., II EJ.v. II., No. 74. 



THE HISTORY OF THE ADVOWSON. 123 

advowson of the said church in capitc as a parcel of such service, 
and that it was worth ten marks yearly. By the fine* levied to 
carry out this sale, and dated in the Octaves of the Purification of 
the Blessed Virgin Mary, it seems the consideration was i:20 
sterling, and that the advowson was to be held of the king. 

In the loth Edward III. (1337), this >/^« Broiui granted an 
acre of land in Shipdcn for the rebuilding of the church rf and I 
expect he is the John Broun mentioned in the hereafter-mentioned 
Inq. ad quod damnum of iS Edward III. as selling or subinfcoiting 
the advowson to one Hugh Broun. It will be remembered that 
three years before (15 Ed. III., 1342) Robert Broun was "parson" 
of Shipden (X. Erp., p. 190). Robert is again said to be parson of 
Shipden in 1350 (Feet of Fines, Norf., 23 Ed. III.). 

He died on the 14th March, 17 Edward III. (1344), as is stated 
by an Inquisition* held at Shepedene, iSrh April following, when 
it was found, on the oaths of Clement Hervey, John Tabald, Robert 
Colman, Martin atte Wode, John Springalf, Rob. de Basyngham, 
Symon Burol, John de Eggemere, Galfr. Tusard, Galfr. le"" Sey,' 

John and Norris Alysaundre, that he died seized of the 

advowson of the church of Shipedene, held of the king in socage 
by fealty ; that the church of the said advowson was worth yearly 
-^4 13s- 4^. ; and that PJiilip Broun, his son, aged forty years and 
more, was his heir. 

Philip Broun survived his father but a few months, dying on the 
2nd May, 18 Edward III. (1345), as found by an Inquisitionij held 
at Norwich, 24th October, 26 Edward III. (1353), made on the 
oaths of Edward Colman, Tho. Her\y, John Habbe (Abbs?), John 
le Cook, \Vm. Walour, John Mauclcrk, Hugh :\Iauclerk, Ralph 
Warner, Ralph Clerk, John de Basyngham, Roger atte Wodehous, 
and Tho. le Clerk de Bekham, who also found that he died seized 
of the advowson of the church of St. Peter of Shippedene in capite, 
in free socage by fealty ; and that Richard Broun was his son and 
heir, aged twenty-one and more. Before he died, however, Philip 
seems to have sold or confirmed the advowson to Hugh Broun, 
who is said (Exch., 18 Ed. III.) to hold it by license for Philip 

• Feet of Fines for Norfolk, ir and 12 Ed. II., No. 30. 
t Inq. p. m., 10 Ed. III., No. 29 (second Bumbers). 
X Inq. p. m., 17 Ed. III., No. 4. 
U Inq. p. m., 26 Ed. III., No. iS. 



124 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

Broun, and who paid the king* five marks in 17 Edward III. 
(1344) to have the advowson of PJiilip Broun, who held it of the 
king; and by an Inquisitionf held at Cromer, 20th October, iS 
Hen. III. (1345) on the oaths of Robert Trenchemer, Robert 
Tebald, Robert Colman, Roger de Ruiplvue, Thomas Hervy, 
Nicholas fii' Mich., John Lucas, John Taliour de Runtone, William 
fir Rich', John James, Robert Mony, and Richard fil' Leve, it was 
found that it would not be to the king's injury if Hugh Broun 
were allowed to retain the advowson which he had from John 
Broun, and that it was held of the king in capite, in free socage, 
and was worth seven marks yearly. 

John Broun, the infant son of Hugh Broun, would have been 
entitled to present in 1349 but for his infancy, and the king pre- 
sented in his steady (Lib. iv., 106). 

In 1353, Richard Broun, said to be the son, but who was really 
the grandson of John Broun (see Inq. p.m., 26 Ed. III., No. 18, 
when Philip, son of John Broun, was found to die seized of the 
advowson, and Richard was found to be his son), presented (Lib. 
iv., 148), and is no doubt the same person as Richard, son of 
Philip Broi'.n, who on the 3o:h June, 29 Ed. III. (1356), had a 
license ; from the king, dated at Westminster, to convey the 
Church of Shipdcn to the Prior and Convent of Hickling, who 
paid a fine of twenty-four marks for such license. 

On the 20th Sept., 4 Rich. II. (1381), the Prior and Convent of 
Hickling conveyed the advowson to the king, William, Bishop of 
London, and William Brian, their heirs and assigns, by a charter 
dated at their house at Hickling.§ 

On the iSth Aug., 5 Rich. II. (1382), the king conveyed the 
Church of Shipden juxta mare with other property to the Prior 
and Convent of the Carthusians, by Letters Patent, dated at Shene, 
which also give them license to appropriate it.^ 

» Orig. Roll, 17 Ed. III., iTi. 36. 

t Inq. ad q. d., iS Ed. III., No. 63 (second numbers). 

\ Robert Broun was parson of the church in 1350, and was probably one of the 
family.— Feet of Fines, Norf., 23 Ed. III. 

II Pat. Roll, 29 Ed. III., part 2, m 19. For Charter see Misc. Chart., Pub. Record 
Off., vol. .\iii., No. S2. For copy of License in Mortmain, vide same vol., No. 8 1. 

§ For Charter see Misc. Ch.arters, AuqTn. Oil, Pub. Record Off., vol. xx., No. 1 86. 

IT For Charters see Misc. Charters, Augm. Otf., Pub. Record Off., vol. vi.. No. 16, 
and vol. ix., No. 1S7, and also vide Patent Roll, 5 Ric. II., part I, ni 25. 



THE HISTORY OF THE ADVOWSON. 125 

On the 2 1 St April, 6 Rich. II. (1383), John Barnet, Official of 
the Court of Canterbury, and sub-dclcgate of Pope Urban, accord- 
ingly appropriated* the Church of Shypdcn by the Sea to the 
Carthusians, reserving to the Bishop of Norwich an annual pension 
of 13s. 4d., and to the Cathedral or Priory of Norwich, 3s. 46. ; and 
on the 14th of Dec. of the same year, the vicar's portion was fixed 
at one-third of the glebe obventions and tithe. By the assignmentf 
it seems the Carthusians were to build a new manse, with a garden 
and guest chamber conveniently near the church. 

The following is a translation of the document itself, which may 
interest my readers : — 

In the " Ordering of the V'icarage of Schipden " is contained as 
follows : — 
We therefore willing to proceed to the ordering and assignment of the 
proportion of the vicarage, by Apostolic authority in this behalf com- 
mitted to us, order and by ordering settle and denne that the share of 
the said vicarage to wit should consist of a third part of the lands per- 
taining to the glebe of the said church, and of all and singular and 
every sort of greater and lesser tithe, ofTering, fruit, rent, increase, 
revenue, dues, and emoluments to the said parish church of Schipeden 
on any occasion whatsoever, howsoever, and from whatever cause 
accruing and that should accrue in future, and also of legacies to the 
chancel of the said church or altar or altars of the same to be here- 
after left in the testaments or last wills of persons deceased, and that 
the same vicar should have these for himself and for hospitality a fit 
and sufficient parsonage in a becoming position, and with a fitting 
guest-chamber and conveniently situate near the same church with a 
garden, at the cost and expense of the said religious men the Prior 
and Convent, within three years from the date of our present order 
constructed, or to be newiy-constructed, to be assigned to him by the 
said religious men within the said space of three years, which parson- 
age indeed, after it shall have once been competently assigned as is 
aforestated to the vicar of the said church, the vicar of the said church 
for the time being shall be held to sustain, repair, and amend when 
and as often as it shall be tit or needful. We will also and appoint 
that the aforesaid religious men, until the said parsonage shall have 
been assigned as is aforestated to the vicar of the said church, shall be 
held bound to provide the vicar for the time being of the said church 
with another parsonage fit for his occupation at their cost and expense. 
We ordain also and settle by the authority aforesaid, that all and 

• For appropriation see Cartce Selects, Aug. Off., H. lO; Reg. VI., Bishop of 
Norw., 340 and 3^2. 
t Misc. Charters, Augm. Off., E. 73. 



126 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

singular and cver>- kind of pecuniary burden, episcopal dues, and 
archidiaconal dues and other expenses of whatever sort as well ordinary 
as extraordinary of the said church or devolving on the rector or vicar 
by reason of the same church in whatever way or manner and trom 
whatever cause, the vicar of the said church for the time being shall 
always support and sustain the third part of, except only that the vicar 
aforesaid shall be bound to pay no part of the annual stipend which 
Sir Robert Elalle, the last of the rectors of the same church, will have 
and receive from the said religious men by reason of the appropriation 
of the said church, nor any part of the cost in places or houses be- 
longing to the said religious men by virtue of their share, or be bound 
to make additions or have work done upon those things or thing in 
any way by reason of our order. The aforesaid portion so ordained as 
is aforestated for each vicar of the said church for the time being, and 
his due m.aintenance, and all things by him as is aforesaid in propor- 
tion to his third part to be sustained, to be in such wise received and 
had, all things to be observed and considered on this behalf being 
observed and considered, we both regulate and consider, pronounce 
and declare, in these writings sufficient and bound to suflice. 

The Carthusians had possession on the I2th June, 1383, by the 
hands of John Luscote, their Prior, who received from John 
Gosselyn, chaplain, the ring of the church door, the bell ropes, 
&c., and also received offerings to the amount of 4d., as appears by 
the notarial certificate* of Ralph Chercheman de Nekton, the 
notary public present at the time. 

About this time a very curious account of the annual expenses 
and income of the church was compiled, which is to be found in 
Regr. VI. of the Prior and Convent of Norwich, 342, and which 
may be thus translated : — 

Expenses of the Church of Schypden annually in all outgoings :— 

Chaplain of Parish .... vi//. 

Clerk 

Archdeacon for //-<?t"«r^j:/<;;;jt 

SynodalsJ ..... 

One lamp in the chancel 

Two processional candles and iiij. wax tapers 

Repairs of the church ornaments 

• Misc. Chart., Au^. vol. vi., No. 5. For the appointment of Ralph de Nekton see 
Cartx Select.---, Aug. OiT. E. II., dated II July, 1382. 

\ Sums pay.able to archdeacons by priests when they visit a parish. 
X Payment to bishop at Easter viiitation. 



:iij-r. 


iv^. 


xLr. 




VJJ. 


viij^. 


ijx. 




•as. 




VJJ. 


viij^. 



THE HISTORY OF THE ADVOWSON. 



127 



Wine and bread for the Eucharist 
Stipend of the sacrist, with four meals 
Two clerks for the three great festivals 
Bulrushes and straw for the church 
Repairs of the chancel and the windows 
Process at Norwich 

Tht annual income of the Church then 

Tithes of corn, which are Avorth annually 

Tithes of lambs and wool, which are worth 

Tithes of fowls* and sucking pijs 

Tithes of heather and hay 

Eight acres of land 

Ofierings on the three great festivals 

Offerings on All Saints day 

Offerings m wax 

Tithes of wood offerings} 

Tithes of herrings 

Tithes called Somcrjare 

Tithes called Lente fare, House fare, and othe 

small tithes 
Secret tithes 
Tithes of mill . 
Tithes of dairies and dove-cotes 
Tithes of hemp and brushwood 
Tithes of eggs . 

Total 



xv//. 



xnjj. 



vj^. 

xiij^. 



xij</. 

\\\]d. 
\wd. 
ivd. 





xxvjj. 


viij^. 




xxvjs. 


viij</. 




vjj. 


viijtil 




xijj. 






xli/. 






XVJ. 






XXXJ. 




xiij//. 


vjj. 


viij^. 


xiijV/. 


vjs. 


vhjii. 


xiij//. 


vjy. 


\'u}{i. 


viij//. 






vj//. 








xiijj. 


ivd. 




vjj. 


\n]d. 




ijj. 


xv\\]d. 


viij//. 


xs. 


xd. 



On the suppression of monasteries the advowson fell into the 
King's hands, and the crown presented to it until Queen Elizabeth 
granted it to the See of Ely, on her taking away several manors 
from that See. i\Iore recently by an Order in Council, the Bishop 
of Norwich was made patron of it, with all the livings in the diocese 
in the presentation of other bishops. 

* Polayle, bryJdys or fowlys, Fionipt. Parv. 
t Thus in MS. obLitienum, 



128 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

'g^c "glccfors an5 "^"^icars. 
RECTORS. 

1337. John de Lodhrok was parson on the occasion of the rebuild- 
ing of the church at this date, as before-mentioned. He 
was also parson in 15 Ed. III. (i343). see N. Erp., page 190. 

1349. (Aug. 25.) Robert de WyngrcivortJi instituted rector, pre- 
- sented by the king by reason of the minority of John, son 
and heir of Hugh Broun (Lib. iv. ic5). He was Custodian 
of the Great Wardrobe of King Edw. III., and also rector 
of Forncet, and after his death in 1353 (Bl. N. v., page 260), 
the king sent orders to John de Barton and Robert de 
Weston to seize all his property at Crowemere and Fornsete, 
in Norfolk, and Carleton and Thurleby, in Lincolnshire, and 
sell same for the king's use.* During the time he was 
rector, Robert Broun is mentioned as being parson of the 
church of Shipden,t in 1350. Also in 15 Ed. III. (i34-)> 
see N. Erp., page 190. But Robert Broun, in 23 Ed. III. 
(1349), is said to be rector of Crozi-emere (Bodl. Charters, 
page I So). Here we have two parsons of two churches 
living at the same time, which may give us very closely the 
date of the overwhelming of the seaward church, unless we 
assume the two were one, whose proper name was Robert 
Broun, of Wyngreworth, which is more likely. 

1353. (Sept. 30.) WilUant dc MirfisU. [presented by Richard, son 
of John Broun (Lib. iv. 140). He was also rector of Gim- 
mingham in 1342, X. Erp., page oil]. 

[n.d.] John Winter, presented by Prior and Convent of Hickling. 
No doubt of the Winters oi Barningham Winter. 

1364. (Aug. 16.) Richard Gosseline% of Eriswell, presented by the 

• Oris. Rolls, 27 Edw. III. (1354). ni 3. 

t Feet of Fines, Norfolk, 23 Ed-v. III. 

X The surname is, no doubt, derived from the christian name of Jocelyn, there being a 
"Gocclinus de Ereswell" as early as 1237 (Pipe Roll, 21 Hy. III.). In Norfolk the 
name occurs in 1320, when John Goscelyn was parson of East Barsham (Feet of Fines). 

In 13S4 we found another John Gosselyn, vicar of this place, q.v. 

So late as 24 Chas. II., there was a Robert Gos!}-a of Cromer, N. E., 553. 



THE RECTORS AND VICARS. 129 

Prior of Hickling (Gibson's App. 42). On his death the 
vacant rectory was disputed by John Stalham and Walter 
Halle, and on the former petitioning to the then Pope, 
Urban VI., the matter was tried at Rome. At the first 
trial, the decision was against Stalham, who, however, 
appealed and obtained its reversal. Halle, in turn, appealed 
to the Apostolic See, but was twice defeated, and the de- 
cision in favour of Stalham was confirmed, widi costs. The 
whole proceedings are set forth in a Bull of Pope Urban, 
, dated the 6th of the Kal. of July, in the third year of his 
Pontificate,* which Bull I have copied at length, and I 
earnestly hope no one may ever have occasion to do so 
again. 
A short analysis of it will, however, be of interest, as showing 
the extreme prolixity of legal proceedings at Rome at this period. 

Su.MM.\RY OF Brief of Pope Urban VI. 

Pope Urban [VI.] to the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Archdeacon of 
Sudbury, and Thomas Baketon, Canon of Lincoln. 

John Stalham, who became rector of Shipedene in succession to 
Richard Goslin of Orwell, had complained that Walter Haile had dis- 
possessed him. The case was referred to Master Galthard de Nova 
Ecclesia, papal chaplain and Auditor Causarinn of the apobtolic 
palace. Master Richard Drayton acted as proctor for John Stalham ; 
but, Master Galthard absenting himself. Master WiU'am Horborgh, 
holding a similar ofnce, ^vas deputed to hear the cause. Drayton 
appeared, but though no proctor for Walter Halle came, Master 
William proceeded to give an unjust decision against Stalham. On 
appeal Master Peter Gascon sat as judge, and John Brangwin appeared 
for Halle. At the second stage of the case Master John Brangwin 
absented himself; but Drayton, after putting in documents, obtained 
a citation of Brangwin to appear and show cause why a decision 
should not be given. On the day fixed Brangwin was again contuma- 
cious, and Master Peter cited Walter Halle himself to appear and 
hear judgment delivered on a d=iy fixed. Master Richard Drayton and 
Walter Halle came, and judgment was then given wholly in favour of 
John Stalham, and costs were allowed him. Thereupon Halle ap- 
pealed, and Master John Mambr^y, a judge of the same degree as the 
others, was assigned to hear the case. Mambray sent the usual 

• Cartre Antiqux, Aug. 0:T., T. 1^7. 



130 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

citations, and Erangwin was once more absent. Master Richard, as 
usual, applied for production of papers, and once more a day was fixed. 
Brangwin was not there, so Master Mambray assigned Master Doyne 
of Rheims to be cited as proctor for Walter Halle. Richard and 
Doyne appeared ; but the latter refusing to proceed, in due course was 
pronounced contumacious, and Walter himself was then summoned to 
hear sentence on a stated day. Richard and Walter appeared, and 
Master Mambray proccded to deliver judgment, by which he confirmed 
the previous sentence, and gave costs to John Stalham. 

Again an appeal was lodged, and this time it was committed for 
hearing to Christoplier, the bishop-elect of Crete, -■= also Auditor Caus- 
arii/n, like the previous judges. The parties were summoned, but 
Doyne was absent. Again cited as before, he again failed to put in 
an appearance, and so again for a third time. A fourth summons went 
to the contumacious Doyne with a similar result. At last Christopher, 
bishop-c!ect, proceeded to sentence. He upheld the rights of John 
Stalham, condemned the appeal, and gave costs against Halle. Finally 
Master Richard and Walter Halle were cited by the bishop-elect be- 
fore Masters Peter and John, Auditores Causarum, in the matter of 
the taxation of costs. Richard appeared, Walter did not. Thereupon 
Christopher, the bishop-elect, decided that Walter should pay costs to 
the amount of no gold florins. 

Seeing these things, it is directed that John Stalham shall be fully 
restored, and that Walter Halle shall be made to pay out of his unjust 
gains the costs as above. Excommunication without appeal to follow 
on obstructors. 

*• Given at Rome at St. Peter's, 26 June, in the third year of our 
Pontificate." 

'375- (N'ov. 25.) John dc Stalham. [He was a canon of Hlckling, 
and presented by his Prior, was instituted in obedience to 
the above-mentioned Bull (Lib. vi. 40). He had been dis- 
possessed by one Walter Halle, afterwards was rector of 
Rising, in 1377]. 

1381. (Jan. 14.) Rcbcrl ^/A?//^ (Ellawe?), (Blomefield has Ellatte). 
[The last rector, was presented by the king as assignee of 
the Prior and Convent of Hickling. When the Carthusians 
bought, he apparently retired and was pensioned offj.f 

• He was electel after 13S0, and died before September, 1588. The Pope was, 
therefore, Urban VI., whose third year ran from April, 1380, to April, 1381. This was 
thus in June, 13S0. 

t Misc. Auj. E., 73. 



THE RECTORS AND VICARS. 131 

VICARS. 

1384. (April 13). John Gossdyn, presented by the Prior and Con- 
vent of the Carthusians. His will* is dated 1388, and like 
his predecessor of the same name, he is described as of 
Eriswell. He directs his body to be buried where God may 
please. To the high altar a missal, a cup of gold, a noted 
portiforiiun, a mart}Tolog}-, a processional, a vestment, and a 
" maniel." 

To each chaplain celebrating in the said church present 
at his e.xequics and bearing his body to the church 3s. 4d. 
To the clerk bearing the holy water I2d. To each boy 
saying a psalm for his soul at his exequies 3d. His execu- 
tors were Margaret, widow of James Wylkynessone, Sir 
Simon Chyld, parish chaplain of Schipden, and Andrew 
Candelman. 

His codicil is dated 13S4, and describes him as John 
Gosselyn of Ereswell, perpetual vicar of Shipden. He 
leaves 10 lbs. of silver to make a window of three lights in 
the chancel of Shipden at the east end, having S.S. Mag- 
dalen, Christopher, and Katherine decently depicted thereon, 
He also leaves to the church of Schipden a"graduale," a 
vestment, and two " fial de stangu." To Simon Gosselyn, 
his kinsman, a portiforium, and another book called IMacer 
"de virtutibus herbarum" ; also a long sleeve-less tunic and 
his red overcoat with a hood ; to John Gosselyn, his kins- 
man, a grey overcoat, with the hood belonging thereto, and 
his hooded tunic without sleeves ; to John Stockyn, his 
clerk, los. and two blankets, with a linen coverlet ; to 
Simon Chyld, parish chaplain of S., a book called "Pars 
Oculi," and to the church of Shipden an ordinale. 
1389. (April II.) John Hcnncrc, presented by the Prior and Con- 
vent of the Carthusians (Lib. vi. 137). His will is dated 
1 8th November, 1403. He directs his body to be buried in 
the chancel. To the fabric of the church 40s. To the 
church 40s., a processional to scr\'e for ever in the said 
church ; also a black vestment To the altar of the B. V. 

• Proved 29 March, 13S9 (Rcgr. Ilarsyk, fo. 106). 



132 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

M. there a green vestment. A legacy to each chaplain 
celebrating at his funeral. Will dated l8 November, 1402, 
proved 1403 (Harsyk, 291). 

1403- (June 30.) Richard Bishop, presented by the Prior and Con- 
vent of the Carthusians (Lib. vi. 29S). In 1420, he received 
all the tithes, %ic., and failed to account to the Prior and 
Convent for the same ; and on the 6th January, 7 Henry V., 
letters patent were directed to John Gees of Crowmcr, 
Thomas Payn of London, and William Salman, chaplain, 
, directing them to obtain an account of such tithes, &c., and 
to receive the two-thirds from Bishop. Before coming to 
Cromer he had been vicar of Paston in 137S. (A Robert 
Bishop had been rector of Beeston in 1349. His will v/as 
proved 2 August, 1576.) 

1429. Richard Milham, A..AI., ditto (Lib. viii. 82). [His will is 
proved in 1437 (Regr. Doke, fo. 21), and in it he directs his 
body to be buried in the chancel, and gives 6s. 8d. to the 
pier. The surname is still in the hundred as " Milem." 
Gregory Mileham, gent., v/as of Plumstead, 26 Eliz. N. E., 
566]. 

1437. (Oct. 21.) Sivwn Xorman, ditto (Lib. x. 11). [He may be 
the Simon Norman, rector of Westfield after 1397, as that 
was in the gift of the Carthusians. A certificate under his 
seal exists as to the deathbed declaration of Joan, widow of 
Wm. iMar>'Ot, concerning the manor of East Beckham (Norf. 
Top. Man. Appendix, page 9). His kinsman (?), Edward 
Norman of Filby, left a legacy to the church in 1444. He 
died intestate in 1450 (Regr. Aieyn, fo. 6a), and administra- 
tion was granted to John Ilbyn, chaplain of Baldeswell, 
Edward Norman of Dereham, and Roger Waryn of Shipden. 
Just two centuries before, another Simon Norman, otherwise 
Simon de Cantelupe, was Archdeacon of Norwich, Bl, Norf. 
iii., page 63S]. 

14^0. (Oct 27.) Galfr. CJiampneys, otherwise Galfr. Gaminsewyn 
(Reg. Aleyn, io. 16b, 145^;. S.T.P., ditto (Lib. xi. 39). [He 
resigned and became vicar of St. Stephen's, Norwich, as may 
be seen by his will proved in 1472, where he leaves legacies 
to Cromer church and the vicar there (Reg. Jekkys, fo. 
275b). Richard Chaumpanye was of Sustcad in 1333, N. 
E., 427]. 



THE RECTORS AND VICARS. 133 

1462. (April 20.) Robert Hellys (Haylcs or Hayle), A.M., ditto 
(Lib. xi. 131). [The Prior and Convent of the Carthusians, 
by letters dated the feast of Sts. Philip and James, 1470, 
appointed Robert Hayle perpetual vicar of Shipden alias 
Crowmere, Galfr. Chaunipncys, and Stephen Eraser their 
agents in all matters rclatinc^ to their advowson of Shipden.* 
His will is dated and proved in 1479, and in it he directed 
his body to be buried in the chancel (Regr. Multon, fo. 64). 
He was probably son of Robert de Hales of Roughton, who 
was of that place in 1432 (N. E., page 157). The family 
had been at Roughton from a very early period, Roger de 
Hales holding land there in 1240 (N. E., page 153)]- 

1497. (Oct. 13.) wllliam Tiikeipx Tukke, or Tugge), LL.B., ditto 
(Lib. xii. 199). [He was also parson of Gunton. By his 
will, dated 1 521, and proved in the same year, he directed 
his body to be buried in the chancel, " in the entering 
between the desks," and made Sir Thomas Wyndham 
his supervisor (Register Alablaster). No doubt he was 
. kinsman of Thos. Tugge, the parish chaplain, whose will 
was proved in 1467. The surname of Tuck, Tuke, and 
Tugge occurs in this hundred from 1327, see N. E. index]. 

1 521. (Nov. 25.) WiUiam Smith, S.T.B., ditto (Lib. xvi. 65). 
[For the notarial act of his institution, by which it seems 
possession was given in the presence of Anthony Hodson 
and Matthew Rede, chaplain, sec i\Iisc. Charter, Aug. Off., 
vii., 138. He was alive in 1545, see Regr. Deynes, fo. 239b]. 

[1549], Robert Roston, or Ruston, was vicar in 1549 (Regr. 
Coraunt, fo. 20a). [Probably the Robert Ryston, canon, 
brother of Bceston, to whom there is still an undated brass 
in Beeston Regis Church. John de Ryston was of Suffield 
in 1333 (N. E., p. 426). The family was of Congham]. 

1554. (Feb. 12.) John Harlozv. By the king and queen. (Lib. 
xviii. 108). [He was a canon of Walsingham, and was pre- 
sented to the vicarage of Binham in i55i,on the dissolution, 
was pensioned off from Walsingham, and dead by 1574, for 
letters of sequestration of the vicarage, vacant by his death, 
were granted to William Forde, clerk, on 2 December, 1574. 

• Misc. Charter, Aug. Off. vi., No. 3. 



134 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

Aftenvards administration to his own effects were granted 
by the Consistory Court on 5 April, 1578, to William 
Arnold, junr., of Binham]. William Harloc was of Gresham 
in 24 Chas. II. (X. E., p. 547;- 
(15S4). Stephen Roberts [was incumbent in 26 Eliz., when he was 
sued by Robert Underwood and other inhabitants, for neg- 
lect of 'repairs of the Vicara-e House (Duchy of Lancaster 
Proceedings). There was a Henry Roberts of Sherringham 
in 1522 (N. E., p. 433^]- 
1587. (Dec. 7.) Simon Har^'ard, or Harwood. By the queen 

(Lib. XX. 157). 
1 591. (April 29.) Thomas Munday. By the queen (Lib. xx. 195). 
[In 1600 was rector of Thorp Market In 1603, Thomas 
Monday, no doubt the same, was rector of Sydestrand, N. 
E„ 202. In 1522, Richard Mundy was of Gunton, N. E., 
44*3, and of Hanworth id., 446, and William xMondyc was of 
Roughton]. 
1601. (Nov. 9.) John Money was vicar at this date: Lib. Consist, 
fo. 64, and was also vicar of Overstrand. There were then, 
according to Blomefield, 520 communicants, (sed?) 

[The name may come from Le :Moneye, or Le Moyne, 
which was common in this hundred. Some of the name 
afterwards were at Gresham, Bassingham, Sherringham, and 

Knapton]. 
1605. (Aug. 6.) RicJuvd Watson, A.B., was vicar, presented by 

the^Bishop of Ely. [He was probably the Richard Watson 

who was vicar of Calthorp in the reign of Elizabeth. 

Another of the same name was rector of Bodham in 1636. 

Miles Watson was party to a fine in Suffield, Michs., 20 

James I., N. Erp., 575]. 
1626. (Dec. 12.) Richard Talbot. By the king, the see of Ely 

being then void (Lib. Harsnet). [A Richard Talbot had 

been rector of Hclmingham in 142 1, and Thomas Talbot 

voted in Roughton in 1734, N. Erp., 655]. 
William Talbot. 

1661. (Aug. I.) Henry Brigncll, A.M., by Matthew, Bishop of 

Ely%n the death of William Talbot (Regr. Wren, p. "J^). 
[I cannot trace that he ever took office]. 

1662. (Feb. 6.) Robert Faivcet. By Matthew, Bishop of Ely 



THE RECTORS AND VICARS. 135 

(Lib. Reynolds). [Pie held this vicarage with Roughton. 
Another Robert Fawcet, jun., was rector of Mcrkcshal in 
1695, Castor and Poringland 1696, and Aylsham 1699. 
[Henry Fawcett, gent, held lands in (i.a.) Roughton and 
Cromer in 16 19 (N. Erp., p. 161). A short pedigree of the 
Fawcetts of Roughton (which does not, however, identify 
this Robert), is on p. 162 of N. Erp.]. 

1674. (Sept. 21.) Wiliiam AsJunore, by ditto. [He held this 
vicarage with Overstrand (,1670), and Sidestrand (16S6). It 
was in his time that the Rev. Thomas Gill, rector of Ing- 
w'orth, the lessee of the great tithes, barbarously destroyed 
the chancel. He died in 17 12 {see B. N. viii., p. 171)]. 

1676. (Oct. 2.) MicJiacl Frere, Sequestrator and curate. Lib. 
Con. 1677, fo. 88. [In 17 14 he also leased the rectory of 
Roughton from the Bishop of Ely (X. E., p. 162). He lies 
buried in Roughton Church, and his monument describes 
him as rector of Metton and impropriator and vicar of 
Roughton. He died 24 December, 1720, in his 71st year]. 

1694. (June 20.) William AsJunore (ut ante), curate 1709. Se- 
questrator. 

1 7 16. Timothy Bullimore was curate. [He was afterwards parson 
of Plumstead in 1737, and then lived at Stalham, and lies 
buried at N. Repps, having died 19 August, aged 59 (N. 
Erp., p. 331). Ellis Bullamer was rector of Beeston in 1743]. 

1723. Wormley Martin was curate {see post 1763). 

1729. Framingham Price. Sequestrator and curate. 

1743. Wormley Martin (Lib. Cons., 20 p. 123 and 21 p. 150), see 
next entry. 

Oram. Died in 1762. 

1763. Wormly Martin, licensed. [There were several clergymen here 
of this christian and surname. They came from S. Repps, 
where they were buried {sec X. E., p. 339). The first was 
rector of S. Repps for 46 years, and died 1762, aet 75. The 
next (who was, I expect, identical with our Cromer curate), 
was curate of Hickling and Palling, and died 20 May, 1768, 
aged 37, and the last was of X. VV'alsham, and died 1804, 
aged -^i. Our curate was an impecunious pirty, as I know 
from some of his letters in my possession. The name may 
have been brought into these parts through the marriage of 

S 



136 CROMKR, PAST AND PRESENT. 

Stephen Reymcs with Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Martin 
of Gravency, Kent (X. Erp., p. ISC')]- 
1768. (May.) Richard Sibbs* [also rector of Thurgarton from 
178 1 to 1804, and vicar of Sherringham from 1768 to 1804, 
and incumbent of Sustead 1769 to 1784. He died i8th 
(17th in Reg.) July, 1804, aged 60, and lies buried within 
the church, where there is a monument to the memory of 
him and his wife Sarah, who died 27th April, 1802, aged 
59. His wife was the daughter of Anthony and Sarah 
' Ditchell of this parish, and he married her here 19th Dec, 
1 77 1. He was probably a descendant of the Rev. Richard 
Sibbs, D.D., an eminent Puritan divine, born at Sudbury, 
Suffolk, 1577, and died 1635. He was the first vicar after 
an interval of one hundred years, during v/hich time the 
.church was served by curates. He v/as probably son of. 
another Rev, Richard Sibbs, who was incumbent of Sustead 
from 1738 to I76i,when the patron, Robert Sibbs, presented 
John Sibbs to it, who held it till 1769. His daughter 
married Cook Flower of Sherringham, who sold the estate 
to Abbott Upcher about 1812, and bought a residence at 
S. Repps. This Cook Flower's only son was of the same 
name, and a lieutenant in the West Norfolk Militia]. 

1804, (Sept. 24.) JoJin Short Hczvett. [He was also licensed to 
Sherringham on the same date. In 1806, he was of S. 
Repps, when he voted at the General Election. James and 
Robert Hcwett were of S. Repps in 1S32, but I do not know 
if they were of the same family], 

1807. (Sept. 5.) G.vrjc Glover, 58 years rector of S. Repps (and 
Billingford ?) 

1S18. (Dec, 19.) Ditto, a second time, [38 years archdeacon of 
Sudbury, as we arc told by his brass in S. Repps Church, 

* It was durinfT his incumbency that Wyndhara wrote this in his diary. April I2th, 
1789. "Having risen a little after seven, and found the morning very fine, was tempted 
to order my horse, the first time of my riding out before breakfast since my being here. 
I went round to Cromer, and called on G. Wyndham, who was just selling off for 
London. Church was in the afternoon ; the congregation fuller than I can remember 
almost to have seen, even of late, when certainly a change had been made in that respect, 
and which I cannot help suspecting to have been brought about by the arrangement of 
Mrs. Lukin, perceiving at diiicrent times what my opinions were, and particularly, 
probably upon occasion of my giving to George the living of Ruaton." 



THE RECTORS AND VICARS. 1 37 

which states he died 4 May, 1S62, ajrcd 84. He pubh'shed 
in 1821, " Remarks on the Bishnp of Peterborough's Com- 
parative View of the Churches of England and Rome," and 
other pamphlets, and so earned himself eternal fame as the 
only literary parson of Cromer]. 

1 83 1. (July 30.) W://iam Sharpc, M.A. [Of Queen's College, 
Cambridge, formerly curate of Gimmingham, Yaxham, and 
Welborne. Resigned 1852. He was a very small man, and 
married Miss [xMary] Hewett, but had no issue, and was 
, buried at Blakeney. He died 6 Aug., 1S62, aged S3. Mary 
Sharpe died 4 February, 1S43, aged 64]. 

1852. (Aug.) Frederic Fitch, M.A. [Of Christ's College, Cam- 
bridge, and a Surrogate, who by his wife. Miss Colshall, of 
Clapham, has issue] the present vicar. 



THE CHAPLAINS. 

Second only in importance to the Vicars were the Chaplains, of 
which there would seem to have been two for a long series of years, 
one probably a parish chaplain, or " curate." John Gosselyn's will 
in 138S, speaks of each chaplain celebrating in the church and 
present at his funeral and bearing his body to the church. Some 
had lengthened engagements, e.g., William Arnold, by his will, 
dated 1472, provided that a chaplain should be employed for five 
years to celebrate for his own soul, and another for two years for 
the souls of his father and mother. 

The earliest I find is 

Lawrence Draper, of Crowemer, chaplain, by his will dated 1382, 
directed his body to be buried in the parish church of Ereswell, 
from which, I suppose, he was some connection of the Gosselyns, 
the vicars, who were of that place. He left to the altar of St 
Nicholas of Cromer a vestment for a priest with a noted portifo- 
rium. His executors were his mother, Lady Alice de Crowemere 
John Kentone, chaplain, and John Spencer of Ereswell. His will 
was proved 17 June, 13S2 (Rcgr. Harsyk, fo. 199b). 
John Hermere, afterwards vicar, was chaplain in 13S4, when he 



138 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

was mentioned in the will of Adam dc Hvkling (Register Harsvk, 
38). 

Simon Chyldc, who is called "parish chaplain" in Gossclyn's 
will just mentioned. His own will is dated 1391, and describes 
him as resident in Shipdcn. He wishes to be buried in the 
churchyard. To the house of Charterhouse* he leaves 20s. ; to the 
vicar of Shipden for his transgressions and tithes forgotten 6s. 8d. ; 
for the emendation of the glass in a window on the east part of the 
said church 2 marks — (no doubt the 3-light window directed to be 
glazed by Gosselyn) — to each chaplain at his exequies, and at the 
mass on his burial day I2d. ; to the clerk of the church I2d. His 
residue is to go to Geoffrey atteHerthe (Heithe?) and John Wyliot, 
for the good of his soul. Proved 6 August, 139 1 (Regr. Harsyk, 
fo. 150b). 

John Gryvi, chaplain of Schipden, by his will, dated 1396, 
directed his body to be buried in the churchyard (Regr. Harsyk, 

235). 

William ^lannysfeld of Schypden, chaplain, by his will, proved 
1424, to be buried in the church of Schypden, before the image of 
St Mary and St Ann the mother of St Mary, on the north side 
of the said church, and gave to the high altar I2d. ; to the repair 
of the church 2od. ; to the maintenance of the pier I2d. (R.egr. 
Hyrnyng, fo. i2Sa). 

Richard Rudde, chaplain, by his will, dated 5 July, 1452, to be 
buried in the churchyard of Shypden alias Crowmer. To the 
reparation of the chancel there 65. 8d. ; to the high altar 6s. 8d. ; 
to the reparation of the church 6s. 8d. ; to the fraternity of the 
Guild of St Anne there 6s. Sd. ; to the reparation of " le peer" 
6s. Sd. ; to the light of St Nicholas 2od. ; to the ploughlyth in the 
said town 2od. ; to Maistcr Clement, his brother his portiforium, 
on condition that he pays 6s. 8d. to my executors. If he wants to 
buy a pair of "decretals with Sextus," he is to be preferred to 
all others, if he will pay my executors los. for them. He also 
leaves to Master Geoffrey Chaumpeneys, vicar of Shypden, a white 
bed [cover] ; to Sir Thomas Bryning (?), chaplain of Shypden, his 
red coloured coat, with a hood dressed (?) with black lambskin ; 

* It will be remembered that the Prior and Convent of the Carthusians had just (13S2) 
had a license to appropriate the advowson. No doubt he was of them. 



THE RECTORS AND VICARS. 139 

to Roger Coye, his godson, i2d. ; to Robert Hcylcs of Shypdcn, a 
" lewte" ; to William Arnold of Shypdcn, a pair of beads of amber; 
to Sir Ralph Taylor, chaplain of the parish of St George in 
Norwich, a pair of beads of " gect " [jet] ; to John Borell of Shyp- 
den, a pair of tables. A chaplain to celebrate for his soul and 
the souls of his father and mother for one year and a half. 
Executors, Geoffrey Chaumpeneys and John Watson of Shypden. 
Proved 26 April, 1453. 

William Barker of Crowmer, chaplain, by his will, dated 8 June, 
and. proved 13 July, 1467, directed his body to be buried in the 
churchyard of St. Peter and St. Paul there, and gave to Beeston 
Priory los. Richard Laxton, rector of Felbrigg, was one of his 
executors (Regr. Jekkys, fo. 71b). 

TJwmas Tugge of Crowemere, chaplain, by his will, dated 10 
July, and proved 23 October, 1467, directed his body to be buried 
in the chancel of St. Peter and St Paul there, and gave to the 
chapel of St. Mary in the said church, his portifer, to be kept 
chained there, and divers other gifts to the said church ; and to 
the pier 3s. 4d. (Regr. Jekkys, fo. Sob). 

He was probably a kinsman of William Tuke, or Tugge, after- 
wards vicar here in 1497. 

Henry Borell, chaplain of Shypden, by his will, dated and proved 
1479, directed his body to be buried in the church of St Peter and 
St Paul there. Robert Hayles, the vicar, was one of the witnesses 
(Reg. Avvbrey, fo. 46a). 

Probably a guild priest, if not another chaplain, was Thomas 
Midton* priest, who, by his will, dated zj March, 15 1 1, and proved 
22 August following, directed his body to be buried in the chancel 
at Crowmere, and gave to the church a vestment of red velvet, a 
pair of chalices gilt, and other things (Reg. Johnson). 

* He was, no doubt, akin to Thomas Multon of Cromer (whose brass was in the 
church), who, by his will, dated 14QS, gave :os. to the high altar, 20=;. to the church, 
and 20s. to the pier, etc. His son William was to have his place in Metton on attaining 
21. Agnes (the widow of Thomas?), by will, dated 1528, gave a standing piece with a 
cover, and a little piece to make a jewel for the church, and gave legacies to Robert and 
John Multon, his nephews (Regr. Palgrave, 51a). In 14 Henry VHI., this Agnes 
Multon was rated at £■] los. for lands [N. E., p. 440], and Agnes Multon, jun., at £z. 
In 37 Elizabeth, Thomas Multon, gent., was party to a fine in Metton [page 567]. The 
family seems a very old one in the district, for there was a Eudo de Multon party to a 
fine in Beeston, 24 Henry HI. [N. E., p. 39], and Elizabeth, daughter of John Multon, of 
Egremont, is mentioned under Bamingham, in 8 Edward HI. [N. E., p. 49]. 



CHAPTER V. 

It will probably be news to most of my readers that two 
hundred and fifty years ago Cromer had a narrow escape of be- 
coming a fashionable " waters," instead of a w^atering place ; but 
some documents among the collection of the so-called " Gawdy 
Letters," once belonging to Le Neve, afterwards to D. Gurney, 
then to me, and now to the British Museum, seem to prove this. 
Anthony Mingay, in his letters to Framlingham Gawdy, often 
alludes to his bad health, apparently suffering from disease of the 
bladder, which prevents him from riding. On ist April, 1633,* he 
writes from Norwich : — 

" This very day doctcr Sherwood and myselfe began our course 
of phisick, and all ready he Jiath purged me of Tenn pounds^ and soe 
if I continue sound untill Christmas next, then I am to give him 
the other Ttventy pounds, S:c." 

On 25th April, i633.t " As yet finds little benefitL" 

On 14th May, 1633.:!: 

"Since my last unto you I have still proceeded on with my 
Doctor without any good successe at all, but am rather now worse 
than when I first begane with him ; yet, goodman, I believe he 
hath done what he can, and would still have me proceed out, but 
at yesterday I left himc, having founde noe good at all in six 
weeks triall ; and I protest seriously would now give Tenn pounds 
more that I were but as well as when I begane first with hime, 
. ... I doe determine, God favouringe, this sumer to make 
use of the waters ; and to that purpose have gott the Doctor 
Martine to ride to Cromer to make perfect triall of a zvater there- 

• Vol, riii., p. 129S. f lu-. P- 1299. % lb., p. 1300. 



THE WATERING PLACE. I4I 

about; and if that prove not, then, God willing, I am for Tunbridg; 
if my wive's .... hinder me not, for if I goe thither I will 
not goe alone without hir, neither to Cromer. I am confident y' 
must be some water that must doe me good more than all the 
phisick in the world, and soe sayeth Doctor Martina ; noe absolute 
cure can be without drincking of those waters." 

Dr. Sherwood was attending Mingay as early as 23rd Feb., 163 1 
(letter No, 13 13). 

Mingay returns to the subject on i6th May, 1634:* "he has a 
vety great desire to make tryall of those waters, and have written 
to a gentleman that have made triall thereof, to know what good 
he founde thereby." 

24th April, i635.t Thinks it long till he be "jogging to the 
waters." 

1st July, 1635.^ He starts for Tonbridge. 

1st August, 1635.11 He writes from Speldhurst (three miles north- 
west of Tunbridge Wells). Has no hopes of amendment, " but I 
doe now drink dayly 120 ounces, which is above a gallon, &c." 

I should imagine the spring must be where *' Pump Close " is 
shown on the map at page 4 ; but there was also a mineral spring 
at Mundcsley, which was discovered in 1S23 (Norf Tour, p. 1333). 

Many have tried to describe the quiet beauties of Cromer, and 
most have failed, especially the old guide books. Walter White, in 
his " Eastern England," speaks well of it, and another well-known 
writer, Jean Ingelow, hits off the lighthouse hills and a sunset 
here wonderfully well in her poem, " Requiescat in pace." 

•* It was three months and over since the dear lad had started ; 
On the green downs at Cromer I sat to see the view ; 
On an open space of herba-e, where the ling and fern had parted, 
Betwixt the tall white lighthouse towers, the old and the new. 

" Below me lay the wide sea, the scarlet sun was stooping, 
And he dyed the waste of water as with a scarlet dye ; 
And he dyed the lighthouse towers, every bird with white wing swooping 
Took his colours, and the cliff dyed, and the yawning sky. 

•* Over grass came that strange flush, and over ling and heather, 
Over flocks of sheep and lambs and over Cromer town ; 
And each filmy cloudlet crossing, drifted like a scarlet feather, 
Torn from the folded wrap of clouds, while he settled down." 

• Vol. viii., 1337. t lb., 1325. X lb., 1334. || lb , 131a. 



142 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

Swinburne, too, has v.-rittcn of our village in his " Midsummer 
Holiday " (1SS4;, thus :— 

" East and north a waste of waters, south and west 
Lonelier lands than dreams in sleep would feign to be ; 
When the soul goes forth on travel, and is prest 
Round and compassed in with clouds that flash and flee. 
Dells without a streamlet, downs without a tree, 
Cinques of hollow cliff that crumble, give their guest 
Little hope, till hard at hand he pause, to see 
Where the small town smiles, a warm still sea-side nest. 

•'Many a lone long mile, by many a headland's crest, 
Down by many a garden dear to bird and bee ; 
Up by many a sea-down's bare and breezy breast, 
Winds the sandy strait of road where flowers run free- 
Here along the deep steep lanes, by held and lea, 
Knights have carolled, pilgrims chanted, on their quest ; 
Haply, ere a roof rose toward the bleak strand's lee, 
Where the small town smiles, a warm still sea-side nest. 

"Are the wild lands cursed perchance of time, or blest, 
Sad with fear or glad with comfort of the sea ? 
Are the ruinous towers of churches fallen on rest 
Watched of wanderers woful now, glad once as we, 
When the night has all men's eyes and hearts in fee, 
When the soul bows down dethroned and dispossest ? 
Yet must peace keep guard, by day's and night's decree, 
Where the small town smiles, a warm still sea-side nest. 

" Friend, the lonely land is bright for you and me, 
All its wild way's through ; but this methinks is best, 
Here to watch how kindly time and change agree. 
Where the small town smiles, a warm still sea-side nest." 

Now that Tennyson's kinsman has built him a stately pleasure 
house between the railway and the police stations, I hope we may 
one day wake and tind the village celebrated by the old man 
eloquent having also sung on it. 

The latest description is by Clement Scott, who fell in love with 
the place, and refers to it in his " Poppy Land," one paragraph 
which gives a better idea of the watering-place than I can give : — 

" It was on one of the most beautiful days of the lovely month of 
August, a summer morning, with a cloudless blue sky overhead, and a 
sea without a ripple washing on the yellow sands, that I turned my 



THE WATEraXG PLACE. I43 

back on perhaps the prettiest watering-place of the east coast, and 
walked along the clilis to get a blow and a look at the harvest that had 
just begun. It was the old story. At a mile removed from the sea- 
side town I had left, I did not find a human being. Eelow me, as I 
rested among the fern on the lighthouse cliff, there they all were, dig- 
ging on the sands, playing lawn tennis, working, reading, flirting, and 
donkey-riding, in a circle that seemed to me ridiculously small as 1 
looked at it from the height. In that red-roofed village, the centre of 
all that was fashionable and select, there v.-as not a bed to be had for 
love or money ; all home comforts, ail conveniences to which well-bred 
people were accustomed, were deliberately sacrificed for the sake of a 
' lodging amongst a little society that loved its band, its pier, its shingle, 
and its sea. A mile away there were farmhouses empty, cottages to 
let, houses to be hired for a song ; a mile to the right there were sands 
with no human being on them, deserted cliffs, empty caves, unfre- 
quented rocks ; a mile to the left there was not a footprint on the 
beach, not a foot-fall on the grassy cliff. Custom had established a 
certain fashion at this pretty little watering-place, and it was re- 
ligiously obeyed ; it was the rule to go on the sands in the morning, 
to walk on one cliff for a mile in the afternoon, to take another mile in 
the opposite direction at sunset, and to crowd upon the little pier at 
night. But the limit was a mile either way. No one thought of going 
beyond the lighthouse ; that was the boundary of all investigation. 
Outside that mark the country, the farms, and the villages were as 
lonely as in the Highlands." 

Perhaps the wealth of wild flowers is the feature which strikes 
people on their first summer visit, the sea-banks being blazes of 
brilliant colour, especially attractive to insects of all sorts, which 
renders the place a happy hunting ground alike for the botanist 
and entomologist* But it is to the geologist especially that 
Cromer most commends itself — with its forest bed with its hazel 

• Walter White refers to the wild flowers thus : — "Alike surprising and delightful was 
the sight of the prodigious numbers of wild flowers among which we were presently 
walking. The ground seemed almost dazzling with the bright variety of colours, rival- 
ling the charm of an Alpine pasture. On no other part of the English coast have I seen 
so many. According to Professor Babbingion there are one thousand seven hundred 
and sixty-seven species of flowering plants in Britain ; and of these one thousand and 
sixty-seven are found in Norfolk. In ether counties the number is not more than half. 
This floral luxuriance is doubtless appreciated by sojourners at Cromer. Perhaps the 
presence of chalk and marl in the clilTs may have something to do with it ; for Dr. 
Daubeny tells us that ' angiospermous plants appear to have come in with the chalk, as if 
intended to embellish the mansion in preparation for man to occupy, and thus to minister 
to the special enjoyment of the only creature endowed with faculties capable of deriving 
pleasure from their contemplation.'" 

T 



1 44 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

leaves and nuts in situ, so celebrated by Lyell— its jet, its great 
mastodon bones still shaking out of its cliff sides. 

On all these subjects I have been lucky enough to obtain short 
essays, which will be found printed in the appendix, from experts 
who have very kinuiy and liberally responded to my plea for help 
on their special subjects. 

The guide books say that the place first began to be frequented 
by visitors about 17^5, and this seems about correct No doubt 
the great charm that the conversation of William Windham, the 
friend of Johnson and Burke, who from his diary must have been 
one of the most delightful and well-read companions imaginable, 
drew many well-known families to Felbrigg and so to Cromer. 
There are many entries about Cromer in this diary, e.g: — 

October 23rd, 17S6. Dined at Cromer. Had G. Wyndham and P. Johnson* 
to dine with me. Sat late, talking of nothing but hunting : part of the 
time not unpleasant, as I found my mmd detained with images of 
happiness, such as they were. 

January 19th, 17S7. It was long a doubt whether I should go to Bath: the 
inducement of taking in my way a battle that was to be between Ward 
and Johnson determined me to go. 

July 19th, 1790. The evening of our going to Cromer was very fine, and the 
party altogether very pleasant. We went, for the first time for me, to 
the '• New Inn,"f which promises to be a great accession to our com- 
fort. Poor Alsop has spared me all difficulty and delicacy with respect 
to him, by finding it necessary to abscond. Such a reduction at the 
close of life is ver)- melancholy. 

The scene on the beach was enlivened by an object, quite new to 
me, and new, perhaps, to the place— the unloading of a foreign vessel. 
She was a Norway brig from Christiansand. The captain spoke 
tolerable English, and was a well-behaved man, more so probably than 
the average of such men with us. 

July loth, 1793. The captains name was Hall, an old smuggler, who had 
lived in that capacity at Cromer, where, as he stated, he had often 
seen me. 

In 1793, so i\rrs. Herbert Jones kindly tells me, she finds in the 
Gurney correspondence, the family of John Gurney, of Earlham, 
were at " Jerry's lodgings." His sister had married Robert Barclay, 

• Rev. Paul Johnson of Run ton. 

t Yet Bartell, who wrote his guide in iSoo, talks of the want of a large and well 
conducted inn, and it has always been said Tucker built the " New Inn." 



THE WATERING PLACE, 145 

who had bought North Repps Hall, in 1790, and this, no doubt, 
originated their visits to Cromer. 

Between the two— John Gurncy and Robert Barclay— Mrs. 
Jones tells me there were twenty-two children, who used to stand 
in a row on the shore. Bartlett Gurncy built North Repps cottage 
in 1793, and Joseph Gurney, in 1795, owned "The Grove" at 
Cromer (now Mr. Henry Birkbeck's), and in the same year, 
Richard Gurney bought North Repps Hall of his brother-in-law, 
R. Barclay. 

By ,1800 the place was well enough known to warrant a guide 
book, and one was published by Edmund Bartlett, jun., with a 
mezzotint view prefixed, showing a trading ship beached, ready to 
discharge cargo, and a great stretch of cliff still between the light- 
house and the sea. The book is poor stuff, giving little or no real 
information, the account in the "Norfolk Tour" being much 
better. 

In 1806 was published a delightful little book of some fifty- 
seven pages, by an anonymous writer,* entitled " Cromer : a 
Descriptive Poem," and consisting of some 700 lines of the blankest 
verse I have ever had the luck to come across. Its dedication to 
Mrs. Wyndham, of Cromer Hall, is, however, neat : — 

" Of Cromer it has often been doubted v/hether the spectator derives 
a greater pleasure from the subhmity of its sea views or the beauty of 
its landscapes ; and of you, madam, it is difficult to determine whether 
you are more to be admired for the dazzling attractions of your person 
or esteemed for the am.iable qualities of your heart." 

After this one turns mechanically to the list of subscriptions to 
see how many copies taken by the dedicatee rewarded the dedi- 
cator, but unluckily there is no subscription list in my copy. In 
such copy, however, there is the following interesting j\IS. fly-leaf 
inscription : — " May a slight defect in the organs of speech prove 
no impediment to the successful love of an amiable and lovely 
woman." 

Poor stuttering lover ! Could the book have been written with 
one eye on the prosaic, and another on the poetic side of the 
Wyndham estates ? 

• J. S. Mannings. 



14^ CRo:*rER, past and present. 

Of his originality, two specimens will suffice :— 

" No foot is heard upon the jetty's base ; 
I am alone, and leaning o'er its side 
I gaze in silence, thinking on the deep, 
Its dangers and its wonders and its paths, 
Dark, trackless, and unsearchable by all, 
Save by His eye Who," etc., etc. 

But this is good : — 

" Quiet the steady sociable proceeds. 
No danger in its course, and in the rear 
The humbler vehicle, that bears displayed, 
In letters legible to every eye, 
The stamp of fiscal avarice." 

He means a taxed cart. , 

A great attraction to many were the two opposition coaches, 
that in pre-raiiway days ran daily from Norwich through the 
beautiful Stratton Strawless woods and Aylsham. It is true they 
were slow, owing to the inordinate quantity of luggage they had 
to take ; but they were dangerous enough to please the adventu- 
rous, and I must own that as far as I was concerned, I was always 
delighted when the heavy load which had been pressing the 
wheelers' haunches all the way down the final hill home, was 
landed safely outside Tucker's. For a long while the poor fellow 
known to fame as " Mad Wyndham " — though found 7iot so by 
inquisition — drove one of them, and about the same time there is a 
tradition that one of them went over Ingworth Bridge, passengers 
and all into the shallow stream below. The departure and arrival 
of the coaches wore the events of the day, and " Church Square " 
was always in a bustle then. Some of us used (we were young 
then) to walk out to Runton and run the coach in ; but whether 
this gave the idea of the only Athletic Sports I believe ever took 
place at Cromer, and which were duly chronicled, as in the foot- 
note in tlie " Bell's Life"* of the period, I know not. I was lucky 

* "Cromer Athletic Sports. 
"Thursday, Sept. 5, 1S67. — These sports were held at the Colne House Field, by the 
kind permisiion of Lady Buxton, and notwithstanding the rain in the morning, a tine 
afternoon caused a fashionable attendance, and some excellent competition. The follow- 



THE WATERING PLACE. 147 

enough to win the steeplechase from better men, partly because I 
was very "fit" (having just won a L.A.C, challenge cup), and 
partly because Mr. Sandford, my most dangerous opponent, was 
put hors dc covibat at the first obstacle by an accidental kick in the 
stomach. Since then tennis has come in, on and off the sands, ad 
nauseam, and quite recently golf seems to have taken firm root, the 
Prince of Wales having presented a challenge cup. 

I will say nothing of the railways. No doubt they are conve- 
nient to certain people, and since the coaches have ceased to run, 
even those who hate have to use them. Some day, perhaps, now 
that there is a revival of coaching, we old stagers may once more 
have a chance of reaching Cromer by coach from Norwich. The 
Great Eastern station has one redeeming point, it certainly has the 
finest view from it of any station I have ever seen. The line ceases 
on the crest of a hill, and the station stands like a fort command- 
ing the village and sea below. 

ing is a brief return of the sport : — ico Yards Race — E. A. Hoare I, R- Tillard 2. 
Time loj sec. High Jump— J. G. Hoare of Cambridge (5 ft. 4^ in.) I, E. A. Hoare 
(S ft.) 2. Quarter of a Mile Race — E. A. Hoare of Cambridge, won easily in 59 sec. 
from R. Tillard of Cambridge, who was second. Bioad Jump — R. Tillard of Cambridge 
(18 ft. 4 in.) I, J, G. Hoare (iS ft.) 2. Hurdle Race, lOO yards— T. Mack I, F. 
Pelham 2 (both of Cambridge). Throwing the Cricket Ball — R. Tillard of Cambridge 
{99J yards) I, C. Tillard of Cambridge (97^ yarda) 2. Steeplechase, about three-quarters 
of a mile. For this race Messrs. E. A. Hoare, H. Pelham, W. Rye (L.A.C), L. 
Buxton, R. Tillard, F. Buxton, Sandford, and others started. After jumping a wall and 
crossing a hedge, the competitors got into a stubble field, but nearing a gate at the end, 
were rather straggly. Rye cleared the gate third, and then took the lead over the next 
jump, but shortly afterwards was passed by L. Bu.xton, who, however, shut up directly 
Rye spurted alongside him, and the others being beaten oti. Rye ran home an easy 
winner. Half-mile Handicap— E. A. Hoare, sen, 1 ; F. Buxton, 50 yards start, 2; J. 
Hoare, lOO, 3. Hoare won a quick race in 2 min. S sec. Consolation Stakes — C. 
Tillard l, C. L, Buxton 2. Boys' Race— F. Boileck I, F. Pattesson 2. Great thanks 
are due to J. Hoare, Esq., who acted as jcdge, and performed the duties to the satisfac- 
tion of all concerned."— j5^A'V Dfe. 



CHAPTER VI. 

When I projected this book I thought that this would be the 
easiest chapter of it to write, but on settifag down to it, it seems 
exactly the reverse ; for when I come to look round the place and 
over my notes, it is almost impossible for me, as a conscientious 
genealogist, to say, as I had hoped to be able to do, that certain 
fishermen-families have certainly been here plying their trade for 
many centuries, undisturbed by what has been taking place in the 
outside world. The outcome of my investigation really comes to 
this, that though many of our local names are very old in North 
Erpingham Hundred, they are by no means old in the parish. A 
striking exam.ple of this, and also of the danger of jumping at 
conclusions, is that the name of Rust is now one of the best known 
and respectable in the place. Until I went carefully into the 
matter I, knowing as I did that the name of William Rust occurred 
in the Subsidy Roll here for 1333, naturally concluded that the 
family had been here for over 500 years. So I thought, too, about 
the Clarks, for were not Hugh le Clerk and Stephen le Clerk here 
in 1327 and 1333? But investigation shows this is not so, and 
that both families came to Cromer quite recently. 

Again, Mr. John Arnold is, or recently was, auditor at Cromer 
Hall ; but his family (whether or not descended from the Arnolds, 
former lords of the manor, I cannot say) have certainly not been 
at Cromer for many generations. 

The Macks nury spring from Thomas iMakke, whose will was 
proved 1495 — 1515 (p. Ixxv. of Appendix), but I don't think so; 
and, joking apart, I believe that by a jingling coincidence, the 
Pyes and the Ryes are the only people who still have anything to 
do with Cromer, who were here 300 years ago. 



THE PEOPLE. 149 

We were here in 1588, and "John Pye alias Shipden's" will, was 
proved in 1591 (Appendix Ixxvi.)- 

I don't think there are any Ransoms left in Cromer just now, 
but if so, they take priority of us ; for Robert Ransome was here 
in 1545, and they have stuck to the place till quite recently. 
Possibly Mr. Ranson, the present Mayor of Norwich, is of this 
family. His predecessor, Mr. F. W. Harmer, better known as a 
geologist than as a Norwich merchant and mayor, also traces his 
descent from a family very long settled in these parts. It would 
seem -as if it might be, that Cromer failing to make more mayors 
of London, had recently made them at Norwich instead. 

Of the old landed families once here there are no traces left. 
Mr. Blofcld, the Norwich barrister, I believe is a descendant of 
the old Cromer family of his name, but has now no connection 
with the place. The Wyndhams and the Windhams are dead and 
gone, their very names hardly remembered, and their monuments 
"run over with cement" by men, who had they been alive, would 
have grovelled before them, as they do nowadays to their succes- 
sors; and the Harbords are the only oldish family connected with 
the place, who hold the land their ancestors got by judicious 
marriages. It is singular to note how history repeats itself, and 
how twice Cromer squires have owed most of their land to the 
proceeds of the pharmacopoeia. 

The allied families of Gurncy-Hoare-Buxton, though landowners, 
can hardly be considered as being territorial proprietors in the 
ordinar>' acceptance of the words ; for they bought from the best of 
motives — a desire to live on and enjoy their own land. Like most 
new families raised from the ranks by undoubted abilities and 
talents, their first few generations are of great interest to the 
antiquary. 

Who can read Borrov/s' vivid word-painting description of the 
good Oualccr Gurney of Earlham, without liking the man instinc- 
tively. Too much goodness and intellect is, however, likely to pall 
on one, and the quasi-aristocracy created by ancestors of intellect 
and charitable works grows a little tedious after awhile, and as I 
have said elsewhere, the unregencrate mind longs to find a bad 
Buxton. 

To the philosophic outsider the study of the combination, or as 
it were the " close corporation," formed by these families is most 



150 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

interesting. Judicious intermarriages would seem to be the key- 
stone of the edifice, and as an ethnological curiosity the pedigree 
sheet opposite is worthy of notice. 

Another pedigree* the curiosity of which must be my excuse for 
inserting it, is my own, showing the way my own people have 
adhered to three christian names (Edward, James, and Elizabeth). 
I may say it generally omits such persons as do not bear such 
christian names. 

1. Thomas RVEf of North Walsham, married Alice Spilman of 

Cromer, a match which brought us to this place. Besides 
{i.a.) a son, Edward Rye (No. i), and a daughter Elizabeth 
(No. i), they had a son 

2. William Rye, who was baptised at North Walsham 26th 

May, 1560, and like his father married a Cromer girl, 

Springall. He bought land held of Cromer Gunnor's manor 
in 15SS, got into trouble (as did his father) in 1589 for 
exporting grain without a license, and is mentioned as 
"William Rye of Cromer," in the will of his uncle, William 
Rye of North Walsham, in the same year. In his will, 
dated 1603 (Norf. Arch., 1602 — 3, p. 316), he mentions a 
large family, including James Rye (No. i) and Elizabeth 
(No. 2), and 

3. Edward Rye (No. 2) of Cromer, who must have been born 

after 15S2, for he was a minor in 1603, and was probably 
father of 

4. Edward Rye (No. 3), senior, of Cromer, who was alive in 

• From this pedi^ee— as extended in my "Account of the Family of Rye," — could be 
demonstrated how easily, by applying the Gurney process mentioned in the foregoing 
note, I could m.^.'-ve out a plausible descent for my ancestors from the Derbyshire visita- 
tion family of Rye of Whitwell, just as the Gurneys did from the Essex visitation family 
of Gurney. 

Edward Rye of Wliitwell, sold the manor in 1583, and disappears. His mother's 
name was y<;«.', and he had brothers Raider s,n6. John, and a grand aunt £'//:a/5^///. In 
1603, we find at Cromer, not only an EJiuard Rye, who had sisters Jane and Elizabeth, 
and a brother/c';/!, but later on a Ki.\^-t.r Rye. What, therefore, would have been more 
plausible than to have assumed the identity of the families ? But we know that these 
were accidental coincidences only. 

■f For earlier pcdi^jree see Norf. Anti. Misc., vol. iii., p. 350. 



-1 — . 



/5;-)^ 



PEDIGREE SHOWING SO^-'^Y, HANBURY, BUXTON, AND HOARE. 



Robert 
Barclay 



Robert 
Barclay 



Robert 
Barclay, 
M.P. 



Margaret 
Barclay 



David 
Barclay 

I 



I 
Alexander 
Barclay 

I 
Robert 
Barclay 



I 
Charles 
Barclay 

Robert 
Barclay 



Hudson 
Gurney 



Samuel 
Hoare 



Rachel 
Gurney 



Elizabeth 
Gurney 



Rachel 
Hanbury 



John 
Barclay 

Robert 
Barclay 



Robert 
Barclay 



Samuel 
Gurney 



Sarah 
Gurney 



Samuel 
Hoare 



Bartlelt 
Gurney 



! 

John 
Gurney 



Henry 
Gurney 



Martha — John 
Gurney Biikbeck 



Sir T. F. Louisa — Samuel 
Buxton Gurney Hoare 



GrizeU = William 
Hoare Birkbeck 



Calhenne 
Hankinson 



Rev. Ed Eugenie 
Hoa Hankinson 



Priscilla 
Buxton 
Hoare 



Edward 
Hard castle 



Emily = Edward ' 
Hardcastle Arthur '■ 

Hoare 



Henry 
Albert 
Barclay 



The John Gurney, with whom this pedigree begins, waintestste in i63r, could not have been that John of the same place, bom in 1655, 
was undoubtedly bom about 1653. He has been assun*y arguing that his brother Thomas, who took out administration in i63i. could cot 
of the House of Goumay (thus abandoning the theory fnoetn fie Thomas, son of Francis (bom 1661), as he was then a minor. But this was 
moners of a descent from a younger branch of the Wesley, for it was not unusual to gr.int administration to males over 18. To add prob- 
John, son and heir of Francis Gurney, Esq , of Maiden, y that Joseph Gurney (son of the debateable John) was of the real stock, the author 
"> 1655. Beyond the coincidence in dates, however, tK- " Records ' mentions (p. 5j6) that his marriage in 1713 was attcnd-d by Henry 
There is no need to go so far as Maiden for an ancestot and Miies Branthw.ul», ■• both connections of the W. Earsh.im Gurr..-. s.' " 1 here 
very parish of St. Gr-gory's before this John, the Churtilestones on the Dover road— let him answer tAai if he cm." The author was for- 
menUonmg an Andr^M Curnfy in 1640, who may wJI }g thai if his story were true, the connection of the Maiden Gumeys with those of 
Gurney was apprenticed to John Gillraan, who w^is of ti^arsham was of the remotest character. 

1660. Again, we have an Adam Gurney. buried 2 Octeepting, however, as a literary curiosity, the subject is hardly worth the space I have 
mained 4 December, 1649. both at St. Gregorys. It is it, for there cannot be any moral doubt lliat the Keswick family are, one way or the 
' Book of 1734-5. which describes John and Joseph, really descended from the knightly and once powerful fam iy of Gurney of Norfuik. 
«s worstead weavers, also gives the name of another a UtUe careful investigauon, wou-d I think, show their real descent, 
•eaver in St. George Colegate, which was the same 



/5/-IO 



PEDIGREE SHOWING SOME OF THE INTERMARRIAGES OF THE FAMILIES OF GURNEY, BARCLAY, HANBURY, BUXTON, AND HOARE. 



John 



.L 








1 


1 ■ 


Barclay 


dSncy 


" B«day 


Aaalha = 
Barclay 


Ba°n:Sy 


Rachd 
Hanbmy 







Han bury Gumey 






Robert Joseph 

Barclay Gumey 

Elizabeth 



Charles 



Albert 



The John Gumey. with whom this pedigree begins, was of St. Gregory's, Noi>v-ich, at 
was undoubt»;dly bora about 1655. He has been assumed by the amhor of the Recon 
of the House of Gournay (thus abardonin^ ihe theory formerly adopted ia Burke's Coi 
moners of a descent from a younger branch of the West Barsham line), to be the son 

in 1655. Beyond the coincidence in dales, however, there is little to support this vie 
There is no need to go so far as Maiden for an ancestor, for there were Gumeys in i 
nry pansh of St. Gn-gory's bcfore-this John, the Churchwarden books of St. Gre^orj 



Giimey was apprenticed to John 



1648. so the trade may have been an heredita: 
Apart from all this, there is liitle dilTiculty 
(who, described as John Gumey, ^ent , had ii 
Fras. Gumey, gent.), died intestate in i63i, v 
tration to him. The author of the "Records" 



1 Joseph Gumey, after 






the John of Maiden, 1 






ability that Joseph Gumey (son 
Davy and MiJes Branthwaiie. " 
getting that if bis story were tru 



5 debaieable John) was of the real slock. 



THE PEOrLE. 153 

1621 (Feet of Fines, Xorf., Hilary, iS James I.), who again 
was probably father* of 

5. Edward Rye (Xo. 4) of Cromer, in 1673 (Subsidy Roll), who 

died 25 April, 1698, and whose will is proved iSth July, 
1698. By his wife Anne he had, besides James (No. 2) Rye 
of Yarmouth [\vho was the father of Edward Rye (No. 6) 
and James (Xo. 3^], William (who was the father of Edward 
No. 7), and Elizabeth (Xo. 3), a son, 

6. Edward Rye, the younger (Xo. 5), of Cromer, whose will is 

dated 21st August, 17 10, who was the father of 

7. Edward Rye (Xo. 8) of Cromer, whose will is dated 9th 

September, 17 13, and who was the father of Elizabeth 
(No. 4) Rye and 
7a. James Rye (No. 4) of Cromer, born after 1671, married 
Elizabeth, daughter of William Bacon of Thurgarton (see 
her father's will, dated 2nd August, 1718), and was the 
father of James Rye tXo. 5), Elizabeth Rye (No. 5), and of 

8. Edward Rye (Xo. 9) of Cromer, who married Mary Smith, 

of South Repps, in St Luke's Chapel, in Norwich Cathedral, 
17th August, 1740, and moved to South Repps, where he 
was buried 12 September, 175 1. He had issue by her, 
Elizabeth Rye (No. 6) and 

9. James Rye (No. 6), baptized 25 August, 1743, at South 

Repps, married at Baconsthorpe, 19 May, 1766, Hannah, 
daughter of Nicholas and Hannah Thaxter of Bassinghara, 
by Frances, daughter of Robert Youngman of East Ruston, 
by his wife, ]\Iar}- Townshend. of Gresham. He moved to 
Baconsthorpe, where he lies buried, the stone to his memory 
stating he died 16 January, 1S29, aged S6. He was father 
of Robert, who had a son James Rye (No. 7), and of 

10 Edward Rye (Xo. 10), baptized 24 July, 1774, at Bacons- 
thorpe, married ]\Iary, daughter of John Gibbs of Wells-by- 
the-Sea, by his wife, Susannah Cubitt, at Havealdon, near 
Chipping Ongar, Essex, on 13 October, 1799. Settled in 
London, where he was a wine merchant, and died at 
Chelsea, 24 August, 1840. He had issue, 

II. Edward Rye (Xo. 11), born 2nd February, 1803, baptized St 

* The Cromer parish registers unluckily do not begin till 16S9, so all the local pedi- 
grees are faulty about this time. 



154 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT, 

Andrew's, Holborn ; educated at St. Paul's School, married 
Maria, daughter of Benjamin Tuppen of Brighton, by 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Collins of St. Albans, on 2nd 
April, 1S2S, at St James', Westminster, and died at 
Brompton, Sth December, 1876, having had issue, besides 
Maria Susan Rye, of " Our Western Home," Canada, long 
connected with female education and the emigration of 
"gutter children," Elizabeth Rye (No. 7), the writer (Walter 
Rye (12a), and others. 

12. Edward (Xo. 12) Caldwell Rye, born 10 April, 1832, 
educated at King's College School, a well-known naturalist, 
editor of the Entomologist's Monthly Magazine and of the 
Zoological Record, and librarian to the Royal Geographical 
Society, married Isabella Sophia, daughter of the late 
George Robert Waterhouse, of the British Museum, the 
geologist and naturalist, by his wife, who was the grand- 
niece of Herschell, the astronomer, and by her. he had 
Edward (Xo. 13) Waterhouse Rye and others. 

12a. Walter Rve, bom 31 October, 1S43 (the writer), once Hon. 
Sec. of the London Athletic Club, won {i.a) National 
Olympian half-mile and mile running championships in 
1866, the seven mile walking championship in 1868, the 
Cromer Steeplechase in 1867, and the Norwich and East 
Dereham open tricycle races in 1882. Father of {i.a.) 
James (No. 8) Baco^i Rye, educated at St. Paul's School, 
where he won the mile in 1887 and 1888, when aged 16 — 
17, and an open Scholarship at Balliol College, Oxford, 
when aged 17, Frances Elizabeth (No. 8) Rye, and many 
others. 

As to the Old Trade and Traders, I have treated in my third 
chapter, and some idea of their private lives can be gleaned from a 
few of their wills, which I have noted below. Take the earliest, 
that of William Welle. He was obviously struck down by his last 
illness, while on the Scotch herring fishery, for his will is said to 
have been made in Scotland, " infra fluxus maris " — while the tide 
was running I suppose, on the i6th September, 1452. It is strange 
how, dying in a strange land, he took care to remember his 
favourite guilds at home, and even the repairs to that pier which 



THE PEOPLE. 15s 

had serv^ed him so often, but against which he knew he would 
never again moor. John Fetche, in his will of the next year, by- 
talking of his hunting spear called "wilful" (the commoners would 
seem to have their pet names for their spears, even as their betters 
did for their swords), may give us a hint that the wild boar was 
not then quite extinct round about here, for this is no otter 
country. 

In 1483, John Spark talks of his " blober hous" at Cromer, 
which looks as though there were then some whaling going on 
here. Clement Fysheman's will, which speaks of two six-oared 
boats belonging to him, points to a style of boat not now here. 
The inventory is curious. The others speak for themselves. 

i6th Sept., 1452. William Welle of Shypden. To the high altar 
of Shypden 2s., to the Guild of the Blessed Mary there 
1 2d., to the Guild of St. George there I2d., to the repara- 
tion of the pier 3s. A pilgrim to go in his name to St. 
Thomas of Canterbury, at my expense, and there offer id. 
If his goods will allow it he will have a chaplain to say 
mass daily in the Church of Shypden aforesaid for a year, 
but if not, residue to go in gifts of charity. Executors — 
his father, John Welle of Shypden, and John Bakon of 
Wyfeton. " Scripta at que confecta apud Scotia infra 
fluxu maris ibidem die et anno domini supra dicta." 

(3 SepL), 1453. John Fetche — to be buried in the churchyard of 
Cromer. To the fabric of the church 6s. 8d., to the Guild 
of St. James I2d., to the Guild of St. George I2d. 
Legacies to his mother and to each of his sisters. To 
Margaret his sister, to Cecily his sister, to William Turner, 
to John Semer, to Margaret Chestany ; to James Beayn- 
ham my hunting spear* alias vocat' Wylfull ; to Robert 
Taylor my dagger ; to Joan, the servant of Margaret 
Chestany. Appoints Robert Jaksun and John Wulflete 
of Crowmer, his executors. 
Proved 17 Sep., 1453. 

April, 1453. John Bound of Crowmcre. To be buried in the 
churchyard. To the high altar 8d., to the Guild of St 

• Almost suggests boar. 



156 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

Anne I2d., to the Guild of St. John Baptist 8d., to the 
fabric of the church Sd., to the sustentations of the pier 
8d., to the ploughlytt 4d. Isabella, his wife, executor. 
Proved 22 March, 1453 (Aleyn 203b?). 
1454- John Blofield of Crowmer. To be buried in the churchyard 
of the Most Holy Apostles Sts. Peter and Paul of Cromer. 
To the high altar id., to the fabric of the church 6d., to 
the plough light 4d., to the pier 4d. Mentions property 
in Repps to son John for his life, remainder to son Simon 
and his heirs for ever. His nephew, John Blofeld, and 
Robert Playford of Repps, to be his executors. Proved 
28 Nov., 1454. 
1462. John Coupcr of Crowmer. To be buried in the church- 
yard. To the high altar 6s. 8d., to the emendation of the 
church 3s. 4d., to the plough light I2d., to the emendation 
of the pier 3s. 4d. 
1467. Robert Jakkysson of Shipden. To be burled in church- 
yard of Sts. Peter and Paul. High altar 6s. Sd., emenda- 
tions of church 6s. 8d., " sustent. le pere " 3s. 4d., plough 
light 6d. To Katherine, his wife, his messuage. Proved 
at N. Repps, 8 Oct., 1467. 
21 Aug., 1470. Nichs. Kaye of Crowmer, " mar>mcller," in presence 
of John Dallyng, maryneller, and John Reed, " talyor." 
To be buried in churchyard of Cromer. To the high 
altar for tithes forgotten I2d., to the reparation of the pier 
20d., to have a pilgrim to go to St. Thomas of Canter- 
bury, to each of his nephews living at Westminster 6s. 8d. 
Residue to nephew, William Kaye, to be expended in 
charitable works. Proved at Norwich, 5 March, 1470 
(Jekkys 199). 
1483. John Spark of Crowmer. To be buried in the church. To 
the church " unum operlmentum piraunti defunct " in 
eadem ecclla manclpatur, of the value of 40s. 

For great stones to be placed opposite the pier 40s. 
My cottage called " Bloberhous " in Shipden, 
My land called Lentes in Shipden. 
Wife Margaret to have his lands in Felbrigg, formerly 
of John Mody, for her life, and after her death his 
executors are to sell it, and with the proceeds provide a 



THE PEOPLE. 157 

chaplain to celurate daily in Shipden church for his soul 
and that of his wife (London, IMilles fo. 28). 

1487 (?). William Balryk of Crcnncr. To the Guild of St. George 
I2d., plough light 6d., light of St. Nicholas 6d., light 
"Sancti Salvatoris" 6d., the pier I2d., the Guild of the 
Blessed Virgin Mary of Runton I2d. To my daughter 
Margaret five basins of [gilt ?] brass, a wash basin, a pair 
of beads of "gecte" [jet], a pair of [codie], a pair of 
sheets, a brass pot, and two candlesticks, upon condition 
that she should be of good behaviour towards her mother 
Isabella. j\Iy wife Isabella to have this place in which I 
dwell for ever, or to sell it if she pleases, on condition that 
she pays to my son John Balr>'k 40s., v/hen he comes to 
the age of twenty-one. Executors — Isabel my wife, 
Richard Fulstowc of Crov/mer, Proved at Gimmingham, 
IS Sep., 14S7. 

1498. Robert Stronge of Crowmer. Body to be buryed in the 
porch of Crowmer. To v/hose hygh Awter I bequeth and 

Jt to y* Repacon of ye Southe pourche vj^ viij"^ Jt to 
y* Repacon of y* Churche iij^ iiij^ Jt to y* gylde of Saynt 
George xij<^ Jt to y^ plowlyght xij"^ Jt to y« pere 
iij* iiij<^ 

The place that he dwell in to be sold, if his wife will 
buy it — to have it five mks. cheaper than the best price it 
will fetch, or five mdcs. 

Place that Wat Strong his son dwells in, to be sold for 
XXV. mrc. ; if his son will buy it, to have it for 15 marc. 

Also J wyll p' if William Rugge wol by the on halfe of 

my Shyppe callyd the ^.larye w' all y^ apperell yerto 

longyng he to have y^ for xv'' to be payd by myne 

Executs w' in ij yore ells to be solde to as good a pryce 

as y' may be brought to Also J wolle p' Richard Stronge 

my brodyr and Waf Stronge myn sonne haue my boote 

i namyd the fortune w' all y' Apperell y* to longyng be a 

I lefull pryce made be Robt warde my .supuiso'' Also i 

I woll that my lytyll boote namyde y* Jorge be solde for as 

■ good a prj'ce as it maye be brought to by myne executs. 

I 1523. Robert Carr, Citizen and Goldsmith of London. Will, 



IS8 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

1523, of the Tarish of SL Nich. Coldabbey to the Repa- 
ration of Crowmcr peer iij" vj^ viij'^ ... to Crowmer 
church some Jucll of v'' value for a contynuall mcmorie 
. . . to the Chapcll of Saint Albright iiij myle out of 
Crowmer bitwene Monslay and Bromholme standing in 
the felde a vestment. 
15 19. Clement Fysheman of Crowmer. To be buried in church 
of SL Peter and Powle of Crowmer in aley before the rode. 
To which high aultar 13s. 4d., repair of same 3s. 4d., gild 
of our Lady of Pity 3s., gild of St. George I2d., plowe- 
light 1 2d., repair of pere 3s. 46.., house of Black Friars of 
Blakency I2d., house of Grey Friars of Norwich I2d., 
house of Friars Austin of Norwich 2od. Mr. Patrike, 
greyfrier, other'^ called Cooke ; Alys, wife, nets, ropes, &c. 
Residue of nets to be divided between John, son, and 
Robert, son. Clement Fysheman, my neve, 40s., to help 
him to school. Alice, wife, my Vl-oore bote. John, son, 
my other Vl-oore bote, he to give his brother 6s. Sd. 
Alice, wife, place where I dwell, and place called Maggs 
to be sold, and a secular priest to sing one year in Cromer 
ch. " Close by Annes Grene," taking down houses at the 
cliff. 

Joan Fisheman, nece ; IMargaret Ficheman, goddau. ; 
Alice and Katherine Fisheman, goddau. ; each other neve 
and nece ; Clement Davy, godson ; Alice, " nesce." 
Executors— Alice, wife ; Robert, son ; John, son. Wit- 
nesses— \Vm. Frances, Robt. Reve Skrevenor, Christr. 
Urford, corportcrs. 

Dated, iS July, 15 19. 

Proved, 26 Nov., 15 19, by sons at S. Repps, power re- 
served to wife. On a parchment pinned in register : — 
Inventorie of goods of Clemt. Fysheman. Apprized, 19 
Nov., 1 5 19, by Roger Bradfeld, Jno. Blofeld, Rob. Archer, 
and Tho. Bctts. 

One bull and calf -jz. ; 3 swyne 4s. ; Sow with 8 piggs 4s. ; C 
salt fish 20s.; 13 parelos bords and 5 looks for windows 2s. 4d. ; 
all old planchcry bords 2s. ; an old dagger and an old pece timber 
4d. ; 4 peyr ship tongs 4d. ; 2 windows tall and an old durr 



THE PEOPLE. 159 

(durvee?) i6d. ; half a wey salt los ; all old tymbre in the house 
13s. 4d. ; the place at IMaggs x"^- 

The chief characteristics of the fishermen used to be great bold- 
ness in the face of real danger, and an almost childish terror of the 
supernatural. The former remains, but the latter is fast vanishing 
under the hands of the School Board master and the cheap press, 
under whose influences the younger generation are gradually be- 
ginning to disbelieve everything. They used to fear to cross the 
chancel ruins after nightfall — probably on account of the child's 
ghost, so graphically told me by my excavator, as printed by me 
in a note on page 92 — and rarely cared to go home alone after 
nightfall. " Old Shuck," that ghastly and inconsistent fiend dog — 
a shaggy black animal with noiseless tread and saucer eyes 
(although it was headless !) — to meet which was death in the year, 
was firmly believed in ; and not so very long ago, some practical 
jokers caused a perfect stampede by turning a black ram festooned 
with rattling chains out at night. Quite recently the report that 
there was a walking light seen nightly out Runton away, used to 
attract to the spot many who, half hoped, half feared, to see it. 
Rumour went that it appeared because " some bones " were dis- 
turbed in digging, and there seems little reason to doubt that a 
cinerary urn zvas found and destroyed on the spot ; but the 
labourer who found it, though still alive, is so conscience-stricken 
at the ghostly light he has unconsciously brought into existence, 
that he firmly declines to point out the spot lest a worse thing 
befall him. Again, when a bridge was being built in " Shuck 
Lane," a human skull was dug up, whose former owner also walks 
till the improbable event of its being replaced occurs. 

Two ghost stories, which have as much foundation as most of 
these have, I was told by one inhabitant. The first was how, 
many years ago, his grandfather was buried in the churchyard just 
inside the wall, at a time when resurrection men were busy. 
Intimation was given in a roundabout way that the grave was to 
be robbed, so the relatives took the precaution of having it 
watched. One night the watcher, covered by the wall, heard a lot 
of timorous fishermen going home in company from the closing of 
of the inn, " hallering like mad" to keep their spirits up. The 
watcher, chilled with quiet waiting, determined to warm himself 



l6o CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 

with an adventure, so pulling his white smock over his head, he 
rose up slowly from the new grave with a dismal groan. The 
story goes that such a precipitous clattering flight never took place 
before in the village, and that no one of the lot cared to be the first 
to rise in the morning. The other tale was how he was driving 
home one dark night in his gig, and some miles outside Cromer 
heard piercing shrieks, and soon after saw the figure of a wild, 
half-naked woman, with flashing eyes and flowing hair, run past 
him absolutely noiselessly as he pulled up, chilled with super- 
natural fear, to see what matter of thing it was, and then vanish 
round a corner. Rumour goes that my informant's mare had to 
do the very fastest two miles ever recorded into Cromer town, and 
that there was a carafte of brandy mysteriously empty next morn- 
ing ; also that things in general felt very shaky and bad to the 
ghost-seer, till to his immense relief, he heard the next day that a 
female lunatic had escaped barefoot and in her nightgown from an 
adjoining " Union." 

I have, however, sadly wandered from the fishermen — sometimes 
called ** Cromer crabs," from their staple catch. A good account 
of them and their work is to be found in the late Frank Buckland's 
Reports on the Fisheries of Norfolk, to which I must refer my 
readers who are specially interested in the subject. He says " the 
sea-bottom is verj,- irregular, so that a trawl net cannot be used, 
and that for sixteen miles square there is a vast forest of seaweed, 
which is naturally a splendid breeding and feeding place for crabs." 
He estimates the fishing population at about 120, with about 50 
boats, and seems to think that the Cromer men were more sensible 
than their neighbours at Sherringham in not sacrificing undersized 
crabs. The lobster fishing here, too, is good ; but it is a pity some 
agreement cannot be made not to catch the smaller lobsters and 
crabs, for the legal limit is far too merciful. 

A lot of coarse fish, Scotch mackerel, iScc, are taken yearly, and 
some of better sorts, but the supply is hardly enough to supply the 
visitors. An especial feature of interest to visitors is the occasional 
•* flaring " with torches for sea trout, of which I have seen some 
splendid specimens caught. 

The fishermen hereabouts had a characteristic prayer of their 
own, which the Rev. F. Procter, of Witton, took down thus : — 



THE PEOPLE. l6l 

•* Pray God lead us ; 

" Pray God speed us ; 

" From all evil defend us ; 

" Fish for our pains God send us. 

•' Well to fish and well to haul, 

'* And what He pleases to pay all. 

" A fine night to land our nets, 

" And safe in with the land. 

" Pray God hear my prayer." 



APPENDIX 



I. 



0numcnt5 in Ibc Cburrb* 



J vJ U 



South Az's/e Wall. 
TO THE MEMORY OF 

MARGARET 

THE BELOVED WIFE OF 
COMMANDER JOHN KING ROYAL NAVY 

inspecting co^lmander of the coast guard 
Born June 20^^' 1799 
Died November 25"^" 1841. 

BLESSED ARE THE DEAD WHICH DIE IN THK LORD. ReV. I4 Chap. I3 TCr. 

This J^Ionument 

Sacred to the iMemory of 

Charles Stewart Earle 

Surgeon of tliis Parish 

is erected 

by the contributions of his numerous friends 

as a tribute of respect 

to the departed worth of one 

who by ingenuous and unaffected manners 

and an exemplary discharge of all social duties 

Added to an excellent knowledge of his profession 

justly merited and obtained 

the esteem and affection of all who knew him 



iL APPENDIX I. 

He died 

in firm reliance on his Saviour's Love 

On the XII day of Dec^ MDCCCXXXIV 

Aged XXXIV years. 

Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness 
for they shall be filkd. Matt. 5 chap. 6 ver. 

Subjoined are the arms and crest of the Trinity House, with which probably the 
deceased had some official connection. 

3. ^ SACRED 

To the Memory of 

Anthony Dilchcll 

who departed this Life Jan^y the 29'^ 

1769, in the 6i'' year of his Age 

Also of 

yohn Ditchcll his Son 

who died June 5''^ 176S Aged 27 years 

Also of Sarah Ditchcll 

Relict of Anthony D it c hell 

who died Jan'^ iS^^ 17S0 Aged 69 years 

Also near this place is Interred Sarah 

Eldest Daught^ of Anthony & Sarah Ditchell 

and wife of the ReV^ Richard Sibbs 

who died 27'^ April 1802 Aged 59 years 

Phcbe Ditchell 

(Daughter of the above named 

Anthony & Sarah Ditchcll) born 

Jan^ iS'^ 1748 Died April lo-'"^ 1S17 

Aged 69. 

lAffit 111 peace i\i5e in glotg 

Also three of y^ Children of John & Phebe Ditchell 

Sarah Ditchell Ditchell who died Ocf 5'^ 1771 

aged I year 4 months 

John who died May ii''> 1773 aged 4 days 

John who died July 5-*' 1774 aged 6 weeks 

Sarah who died Oct^ 24^'^ 1779 aged i month 

Arid five Children who also died 

Infants 



MONUMENTS IN THE CHURCH. UL 

4. M . S 

Of George WyndJiavi Esq^' 

Of Cromer Hall in this County 

who lies interred in a Vault beneath 

He departed this Life 

On the i^' of January iSio 

In the 48^'^ year of his age 

Having left issue six children 

He served for many years as Major 

in the East Regiment of Norfolk ^^lilitia 

in times of great difficulty and publick agitation 

and died universally respected 

and deeply lamented 

His eldest son George Thomas 

Erects this monument in grateful remembrance 

Of a kind and affectionate father 

July 12'^ 1826 

Arms : Az. a chev, between 3 lions' heads erased or. 
Crest : A lion's head erased wiihin a fetterlock or. 

• 5. Near this place 

j are interred the remains of 

1 yohn Wyndham of this Parish Esq' 

I • yongest son of Thomas Wyndham 

\ of Clear^vell in the County of Gloucester Esq. 

j who died on the 26 of April 1765 

I in the 32^ of his age. 



He married Elizabeth daughter of 

Richard Dalton of the County of Lincoln Esq 

by whom he left Issue one son and two daughters 

George Charlotte & Sophia 

Elizabeth Wyndham 

Departed this Life 

the 19'*^ January 17S5 

Aged 58 years 

Arms: Wyndham (ut ante) impaling Ar. 3 lozet-es gu. 2 and r, each 
charged with a saltier of the first. 



iv. APPENDIX I. 

6. Sacred to the Memory of 
George Thomas Wyndham Esq"' 

Of Cromer Hall in this parish 

& of Gayhurst & Brodcsby 

in the Counties of Buckingham & Leicester 

who departed this Life on the 5^'' day of February 1S30 

and in the 24'^ year of his age 

Having intermarried with ^laria second daughter 

of Admiral Windham of Felbrigg 

by whom he left issue 
jMaria Anne born 13'^ I\Iay 1827 
George Thomas 2P' SeptM82S 
Ceciha IS'*^ Sepf 1829 

Arms: Wyndham impaling Windham. 
Motto: "Au Bon droit. " 

7. Sacred to the ]\Iemory of 
George Thomas IVrighte Wyndham 

only son and Heir of 

George Thomas Wyndha/n 

of Cromer Hall Esq''= 

who was born the 21^' of September 1S28 

and who died at ISIadcira of Brain fever on 

the 27^^^ of February 1S37 

This Tablet has been erected by his affectionate mother 

Maria Ai(<:usta Viscountess Emiismore 



South Aisle Floor. 

Brass of a female wiih hands crossed in prayer, wearing a dress 
striped downward from the waist, the stripes being alternately 
plain and cross hatched ; underneath is inscribed — 

8. Orate p ala Margarcte Cohforth* def 

quj obijt a" dui m v xviij'' cui aie ppiciet 

• This should be read Coraforth, there bein^ a family of that name long resident here. 



MONUMENTS IN THE CHURCH. 

9. Beneath this ^Marble arc interred 

the Remains of 

Anthony Ditch ell 

who departed this Life, the 29"^ 

of Jan'i' 1769. Aged 61 years 

Also of John DitchcU his Son 

who died June the S'^ i/^^S 

Aged 27 years. 

And of Sarah Ditchell Ditchell 

the daughter of 

John and Phebe Ditchell 

who died the 5'^ of Octo''^ 177 1 

Aged I Year and 4 Months 

Also of John their 2"^^ son \vho died 

May the ii^^ 1773- Aged 4 days 

And also of John their 3^^ son who 

died July the 4^^^ 1774 Aged 6 weeks 

And of Sarah Ditchell 

Relict of Anthony Ditchell 

who died Jan^^ 18'^ 17S0 Aged 69 years 

10. In Memory of 

Ann Plumblv Spinster. And 

Mary the Wife of Pell Leak the 

daughters of Robert and Amy 

Plumbly. Ann Plumbly died 

the II day of October 1772 

Aged 20 years 

And IMary Leak died the 14 day 

of December 1773 Aged 29 years 

Also Ann Plumbly Leak 

daughter of the said PELL and 

Mary LExVK who died in her infancy 

Also Robert Plumbly 

and Amy his wife, she died the 21 

day of February 17S0. Aged 65 years 

and he died the 24^ day of Nov' 

1782 Aged yy years 



APPENDIX I. 

Also Elizabeth Chaplin 
Dauj^htcr of the above 

Robert & Amv Plumbly 

who died Jan'^' 12''^ 1816 

Aeed So Years* 



11. Near this place 
lieth the Body of the Rev<i 

Richard Sibbs, 

Rector of Thurgarton 

and Vicar of Cromer 

who departed this Life 

July 18 . 1S04 

Aged 60 Years 

Also of Sarah his wife 

who departed this life 

April 27 . 1802 

Aged 59 Years, 

12. Beneath this Stone 
are interred the remains 

of 

M"- Katherine Partridge 

relict of the late 

Henry Partridge Esq"" 

OF CROMER 

She died 15'^ Dec^^ 18 19 
Aged 70 

The attendance of her to the grave given 
unsolicited by the principal inhabitants of 
this place affords the best memorial of the 
esteem in which she lived S: died amongst them. 

• Afterwards altered to 82. 



MONUMENTS IN THE CHURCH. Vll. 

13. SACRILD 

TO THE MEMORY OF 

THE REV° SAMUEL JOHN GARDINER a.m. 

late of Oriel College Oxford. THHiD SON OF 

Samuel Gardiner of Coombe Lodge in the 

County of Oxford Esq-- BORN Nov'^ THE i^"-^ 1792 

Died Dec the 4''' 18 17. 

During the short period it was permitted him to exercise 
the Pastoral Office the temporal &: spiritual welfare of 
' his flock was nearest his heart — He led them beside 
the still waters of comfort & in the Paths of Right- 
eousness through the merits alone of his Saviour 
Jesus Christ. 
He lived unspotted from the world, a lively 
transcript oi the Doctrines he taught, an obedient 
son — a sincere Friend & in every relation of life 
exemplary — as a record of his many excellent 
Talents &: Virtues — his affectionate & afflicted 
Father has caused this Tablet to be placed over 
his remains. 

Arms : Quarterly, I and 4 ; Or, on a chev. gu. between three griffins' heads 
erased. ... 2 lions passant combatant. 2 and 3 ; Ar. on a cross or 
S mullets — I, 3, and I. 

In chief a mullet for difference. 

Crest: A griffin's head erased. 



Nort/i Aisle Wall. 

14. Sacred 

to the memory of 
MARY ALEXANDER 

FORMERLY OF BURY S"^ EDMUNDS 

BUT FOR MANY OF HER LATTER YEARS 

RESIDENT IN THIS PARISH 

WHO DIED ON THE /'^ APRIL 1 844 

IN HER 75''' YEAR 

DESERVEDLY BELOVED AND 

RESPECTED 



VllL APPENDIX I. 

15. In Remembrance 

of 

Lucy Madeline 

daughter of Hcnyy Robert Pearson, 

of 

Hyde Park Square, London, Esquire, 

who entered into rest 

July 23. AD 1869 

at Cromer 

Aged 19 

" It was but a little that I passed 

from them but I found Ilim Whom 

my Soul loveth." 

16. Sacred 

To the jMemory of 

MARY the wife of 

BENJAMLN RUST 

who departed this hfc Sepf 3*^ 1833 

Aged 38 years 

What is your life ? It is even a Vapour that 
appeareth for a little time and then vanish- 
eth away. James I v. 14. 

Also of 

Benjamin Rust 

who died Ocf 23'''^ 1S04 aged 73 years 

and was buried in the Cemetery 



North Aisle Floor. 

17 In Memory of 

CHARLES RICE 

Gent 

who died June 15'^ 1S03 

Aged 70 years 



MONUMENTS IN THE CHURCH. 

i8. Sacred 

TO THE MEMORY OF 

BENJAMIN RUST 

who departed this life 

(after a long and Painful 

affliction which he bore 

with patient resignation) 

2o''» OF June 1S24 

Aged 66 Years. 

Watch therefore for ye know not 

WHAT hour your LORD DOTH COME 

ilATTW XXIV 42 



19- Sacred 

TO the memory of 

HANNAH wife of 

BENJAMIN RUST 

who departed this life 

DEC* 26^" 1 83 I 
aged 72 YEARS 

Calm in the bosom qf thy God 

Fair spirit rest thee now 
E'en while with our's thy footsteps trod 

His seal was on thy brow 
Dust to its narrow house beneath ! 

Soul to its place on high?* 
They who have seen thy look in death 

No more may fear to die. 

BE not slothful BUT FOLLOWERS OF THEM 
WHO THROUGH FAITH AND PATIENCE INHERIT 
THE PROMISES HEB VI 12 

also of 

Thomas son of Benj-' and Georcina 

Rust who died the 27"^" of march 185 i 

■ Aged 3 years and six months 

SCFFF.R LITTLE CHILDREN TO COME UNTO ME 
AND FORBID THEM NOT, FOR OF SUCH IS THE 
KINGDOM OF GOD LUKE XVIII chap. l6 V. 

• Sic 



2B 



X. APPENDIX I. 

On a loose brass, now in the church chest, but which was for- 
merly at the east end of the church, is the following inscription — 

20. Orate pro aiab; Willi Arnold Bastard ? Johe 
uxoris eif quoll aiab} ppicictur dc(; amen. 

The Norris ]\ISS. also mentions a brass to the memory of 
Catherine Arnold. 

Besides these monuments, all of which are still existent in the 
church, were until recently others, for the following notes of which 
I was indebted to the Rev. James Bulwer, of Hunworth, who 
kindly copied them for me from his splendid collections. I expect 
he copied them from the Norris and Martin I\ISS., now in my 
collection. 

On a stone within the communion rails* 

21. Here lyeth the Body of Sir George Windham Knt who died 

Nov'' 22^^ Anno Dom. 1663. 
Here lyeth the Body of Lady Windham v/ho died 30'^ Jan^^ 

1712. 
Francis Windham Esq"", January y^ 22"<^i730, aged 74. 

On circular brasses inlaid at the four corners of a large stone 
(the first half of the second line is in the possession of Mr. Sand- 
ford)— 

22. As I am so shall you be 
I pray yow al pray for me 

23. Here lyeth the Body of Margaret the wife of Nathaniel Smith 

gent, who died July 31" 1723 aged 46 years 

24. Here lyeth the Body of Nathaniel the son of Nathaniel Smyth 

and Margaret his wife who died n^^ Feb. 1704 aged 9 
weeks 

Also Martha the daughter of Nathaniel and Margaret his 
wife who died 23"^ Nov"" 170S aged 3 weeks 

• Now very improperly covered up with tie new tiling of the floor. 



MONUMENTS IN THE CHURCH. xi. 

Nathaniel the son of Nath' Smith and Tvlarg' his wife died 
30'*" day of Sept 1706 aged 8 days 

Margaret the daughter of Nathaniel and ^Niargaret Smith died 
7^^ of April 17 10 aged 7 days 

On a brass — 

25. Orate p aia Joh'is Breesc* q' obiit primo [Martin has x°] die 

Novemb^ a° Dai m° v'^ xxxiiij° [Martin has xxxiij°] cujf 
ale ptie? deus. 

26. Hie jacet Thomas Moulton cujf ale ptiet deus Obiit 151 1. 

27. Orate p aia Willi Fechyt qui obiit ix° die Januarii a° Dni 

mill° v° xix° cujf ale ptie^ deus 

28. Mary the wife of Richard Payne died Jan^ 22. ijii aged 84 

years. 

On a stone in the north aisle were four effigies inlaid in brass, 
with the following inscription — 

29. Orate p aiab} Thome Bowiiia Johe Johe ? IMargarete uxo 1/ 

suall quol/ aiab) propicietur deus. Amen. 

This brass is now in the possession of ?Jr. Sandford. 

Blomefield also mentions a brass: "Orate p' a'i'a Joh'is Monise." 
He also states that there were in the windows the arms of Erping- 
ham and of Sir Robert Knowls, with his crest, a ram's head az. 
armed or, of Uffords Earl of Suffolk, and the following — 

Arg. 2 dolphins haunar4t combatant sa. (? Arnold) on a chief gu. 3 escallops of Uie 

first. 
Per chev. sa. and ar. 3 sea mews' heads erased and counter charged. 
Arg. 6 annulets sa. and a bordure gu. 
Beckswell, Bacon, and Stanhors quarterly. 
Also Clere, Heydon, and lierney. 

On a brass under the last window on the east end of the north 
aisle: " In memory of Edward Heath who died on the 13''^ day of 
Decemb'' iS6i aged 66 years." 

• Bulwer had this Braeli, but it is clearly Breese, see proof of his will. 



xii. APPENDIX II. 



2. 



Insaiptinns in lljc (llmt^mxV 



1. James, son of Henry and Elizabeth Nockells, died 19 Nov., 

1840, aged I year and 9 months. 

2. Newman Cohnan, servant in ]\Ir. Ditchell's family for 30 years, 

died 23 July, 1S02. 

3. William Gray Read, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Gray 

Read, died i Nov., 1834. 

4. Elizabeth, wife of John Willamcnt, died 3 (?) Jan. 1762. (?) 

5. William Har\-ey Le Francois died i Sept., 1834, aged 9, also 

Peir Le Francois, who died 11 Feb., 1841, aged 57. 
6 son of John Will anient (?) 

7. Edwin B easy died i Nov., 1 8 56, aged 25; also his daughter, 

Phoebe Priscilla, died 12 April, 1857, aged 9 months. 

8. Hannah, widow of Charles Beasy, died 24 June, 1858, aged 29. 

9. Francis Quinccy died 29 Sept., 1S04, aged 66. Ann his wife 

died 16 Dec, 18 16, aged 85. Martha their daughter died 
12 Oct, 1779, aged 3. John Webb, husband of the said 
Ann Quincey, died 7 Nov., 1765. 

10. John Stokes died 23 March, 1836, aged 53. Ann his wife 

died 5 March, 1S60, aged y^. John his son died 11 March, 
1836, aged 24. 

11. Ann, wife of Samuel Kirby . . . (old : bottom part sunk.) 

12. John, son of John and Charlotte Bunn, died 16 July, 1834, 

aged 21 ; also George their son, who died in infancy. 

13. William Cook, master mariner, bom 24 June, 1764, died 19 

April, 182S. 

14. Martha ]\Iaria, wife of William Cook, died 11 April, 179S, aged 

• Want of space has prevented my printing these at full length, but I have noted 
every /^/ they contain. The arrangement is as the stones are arranged, beginning at 
the north-east end of the Churchyard. 



INSCRIPTIONS IN THE CIIURCIIVARD. Xlll. 

15. William Cook, master mariner, died 20 Feb., 178S, aged 6^. 

Dinah, daughter of William and ?.Iartha Cook, died 21 I\Iay, 

1769, in her infancy. Samuel Cook, mariner, son of W. and 
M. Cook, died 21 March, 18 11, at the department of Sarre 
Louis. 

16. Mary Alexander, spinster, died 7 April, 1S44, in her 75th year. 

17. E. H. Jarz-is died 6 April, 1837, aged 8 months. 

18. William Jarzu's, many years master mariner and ship-owner of 

this place, died 8 Nov., 1845, aged yj. Martha IMaria his 
-wife, died 8 Jan. 1848, aged 80. 

19. Charles Smith died 9 March 1825, aged 58. ]\Iary his wife 

died 26 Oct., 1839, aged 72. Joanna King Smith died 16 
April, 1807, aged 2. Joseph King John Smith died 20 
March, 1826, aged 17. 

20. William Webb died 9 June, 1800, aged 62. 

21. John Davies died 12 April, 1857, aged 29. 

22. Mary, wife of Nicholas Frcary, died 19 July, 1702. 

23. John Herz'ey died 30 April, 1801, aged 74. Ann his wife died 

I Oct., 1820, aged 89. John their son died 5 Dec, 1802, 
aged 40. Alice their daughter died 13 March, 1785, aged 
19. 

24. Captain John Taylor died 4 Jan. 1783, aged 68. Mary his wife 

died 23 Oct., 1758, aged 36. John their son died 13 March, 

1770, aged 23. William their second son died at Barba- 
does, II Oct., 1 78 1. 

25. Christopher 

26. James, son of Thomas and ?ylary Harrison, died 12 Dec, 1S27, 

aged 27. 

27. Ann Howlett Heath died 26 Feb., 1830, aged 26. 

28. William OXo^lon Johnson, gent, many years resident at Ludham 

in this County, died at Cromer 25 June, 1831, aged jj. He 
was son of the Rev. Samuel Johnson, of Runton, and 
Elizabeth Monsey his wife, and was baptized at Runton 7 
April, 1755. 

29. (Crest — a stag's head.) Susan Elizabeth, eldest daughter of 

James and Susanna* Garthon, of Northrepps, bom 14 Jan., 
1824, died 8 June, 1827. 

* She was a Miss Tucker— J. G. was a doctor at Norwich. 



XIV. APPENDIX II. 

30. Elizabeth, wife of G. Dingle and daughter of G. C. and S. 

Tucker, born 30 Jan. iSoi, died 31 March, 1S29. Charlotte, 
wife of Robert S. Barnes, and daughter of G. C. and S. 
Tucker, died 11 Nov., 1858, aged 30: her remains are 
interred in the Sheffield Cemetery. George Cooke Tucker* 
died 7 May, 1842, aged 90. Susan Tucker, died 14 April, 
1846, aged yZ. 

31. Charles Whaley Spitrgcon, of King's Lynn, died 9 July, 1S51, 

aged 48. 

32. John George Lokctt, of Upper Conway Street, Fitzroy Square, 

gent, died 3 July, 1S25, aged 43. 

33. Sarah, wife of Edward Stone, died 17 Dec, 1795, aged 23. 

Also their beloved son William Stone, died 29 April, 1820. 

34. Francis C^.r died 21 December, 1846, aged 73. 

35. Frances, daughter of John and Frances Rayner, died i April, 

1831, aged 19. Also above John Rayner, dii^di ii March, 
1837, aged 51. 

36. Jonathan Ncal died 22 January, 1S35, aged 'j'i. Mary his wife 

died 2 July, 1832, aged yG. 

37. John Breese, born 3 April, iSoo, died 12 Alarch, 1854. Anna 

Maria Nickols his daughter died 13 September, 1863. 

38. Henry Ransom^ died 11 December, 1816, aged 52. Judith 

Susannah his wife died 6 September, 1834, aged 62. Also 
William their eldest, and Thom.as their sixth son. 

39. Shearman Butler Ransom died 15 Aug. 18 11, aged 54. 

Martha his wife died 31 Dec, 1822, aged 6j. Susan their 
youngest daughter died 2 Nov., 181 3, aged 20. 

40. William Ransom died 12 April, 1806, aged 72. I^.Iary his wife, 

died 7 September, 1S07, aged 71. 

41. Thomas Field died 18 September, 1841, aged ^6. Susannah 

his wife died 12 June, 1864, aged 91. 

42. Mar>' distance died 13 April, 1S54, aged Z6, relict of William 

C, master mariner, unfortunately lost at sea. 

43. Frances, wife of John Rogers, died 25 March, 1859, aged 6-}^. 
44- Fanny Harriett Cardew, child of James and Fanny Cooper, died 

I Feb., 1858, aged 5. 
45. Henry Ransom died 17 Feb. 1S32, aged 38. 

» He came here as a tide-waiter. 

t They are said to come from Beeston, but the name is an old on- here. 



INSCRIPTIONS IN THE CHURCHYARD. XV. 

46. William Henry, child of Robert and Susanna Curtis, died 22 

Feb., 1858, aged 2 years and 9 months. 

47. James Curtis* died 21 Dec., 1S49, aged 84. Cassandra his 

wife died 2 Nov., 1832, aged 79. 

48. John, son of },Iatthew and Elizabeth Brooks, died 17 Jan., 

1858, aged 18. Also two brothers who died in their 
infancy. 

49. iVIary Ann, daughter of William and IMary Elizabeth Chadivicky 

died 25 August, 1859, aged 17. 

50. John Chadzvick died 18 Dec, 1855, aged 84. Ann his wife 

died 4 Aug., 1S52, aged y-j. 

51. Sarah, wife of David Vial, died 24 July, 1857, aged 'j'^. 

52. In memory of three children of John and Mary Hardingham : 

James born 21 June, 18 12, died 8 Aug., 181 2 ; James born 
9 Oct., 1824, died 12 Dec, 1826; IVIary Ellen born 29 Oct., 
1820, died 3 May, 1827; also of James, born i\Iay, 1S30, 
and died April, 183 1. 

53. John Abel (X\zi\ 8 ?.Iay, 1850, aged 78. Susannah his wife died 

4 Jan. 1848, aged 6Z. 

54. Sarah Ann, wife of IMiles Harrison, died 8 July, 1816, aged 25. 

55. William Walpole Kennedy, master mariner, and beloved hus- 

band of Mary Kennedy, died 29 June, 1859, aged 62. 
Probably son of Thom.as Kennedy, of Cromer, and Eliza- 
beth Warpole (Sic), of Runton, m. at R. 14 April, 1795. 

56. William Harrison, son of William and IMary Kennedy, died 28 

Dec, 1845, aged 24. 

57. Samuel Cockscdge, formerly of Larlingford, died 5 Jan. 1822, 

aged 65. 

58. Elizabeth, wife of Henry /^rxvV, died 22 May, 1845, aged 32. 

[Came from Overstrand.] 

59. Ephraim Jarvis died 2 Aug., 1S56, aged 46. Hannah his wife 

died 18 Aug., 1S55, aged 38. 

60. Ephraim /<r?rc7> died 8 Sept., 1830, aged 56. Sarah Bulling 

his wife died 22 Nov., 1847, aged 65. 

61. Sarah, daughter of Ephraim and Sarah /^r^'/V, died 21 Sept., 

1825, aged 16. 

62. Henry Flower Bignold, son of John and Mary Bignold of this 

parish, died 11 June, 1S20, aged 20. 

• He came from Catton. 



XVL APPENDIX II. 

6s. John Bignold died 4 Nov., 1S37, aged 64. Mary his wife died 
9 Feb., 1835, aged 64. 

64. Thomas Albert, son of John and Harriet Walker, died 15 July, 

1858, aged 4 months. 

65. George Chilvcs, master mariner of King's Lynn, died 27 Sept., 

1778, aged 37. 

66. John Harrison and Benjamin his son, unfortunately lost at 

sea, 13 Oct.. 1S22, aged 44 and 20. 
6-j. Francis Pank died 17 Feb., 1S32, aged jj. Sarah his wife died 

• 28 May, 1799, aged 36. 
6%. Francis Pank died 10 April, 1856, aged 67. 
6g. Thomas B/j'l/ie, late of Haveringland, died 28 Feb., 1855, aged 

80. Ann his wife died 6 Feb., 1859, aged 84. 

70. Elizabeth Salmon Kirby (?) 

71. John Delve Smith, husband of Ann Frances Smith, died 28 

Aug., 1859, aged 34. 

72. James Pearson died 24 Sept., 1801, (?) aged 62. James his 

son died 1797. (more buried?) 

73. " Here lie the remains of Five Mariners, being part of the crew 

of the ' Trent ' of North Shields, who were drowned on 
Cromer beach during the dreadful storm of the 17th and i8th 
of February, 1S36. Joseph Baley aged 30, John Nicholson 
25, William Hart 25, Thomas Lister 22, Robert Hall 16. 
Their Employers have erected this Stone as a record of the 
mournful event, and as a warning to the Surviving." 

74. Mary Smith i?t7/ died 26 Dec., 1857, aged 6^^, 

75. IMary Staccy died 26 Sep., 1827, aged 75. 

^6. John Blyth died 6 ]\Iarch, 1824, aged 78. Sarah his wife died 
17 Aug., 1824, aged jz. Also two of their children, James 
aged 14, Joseph aged 24. 

yj. Thomas Brozvn died 22 June, 1850, aged 58. Sarah his wife 
died I Sept., 1868, aged 74. 

78. Elizabeth, relict of Thomas Brcame, died 8 Sept. 1822, aged 82, 

79. Thomas Mickclburgh died 12 Sep., 1822, aged 80. IMartha his 

wife died 18 May 1S32, aged 'j'^. 
8a Nicholas, fourth son of Thomas and Martha JMickclbiirgh, died 
19th Oct, 18 14, aged 23. Also Nicholas, their first son, 
died 18 Sept., 1787, aged 4 years and 4 months, and 
Francis, their third, died 20 Nov., 1788. 



INSCRIPTIONS IN THE CHURCHYARD. XVlL 

8 1. Thomas, son of Thomas and IMartha Mickclburgh, died 3 June, 

1823, aged 38. 
83. Francis Pearson died 4 Feb., 1816, aged 85. Alice his wife 

died 

83. Catherine, daughter of Francis and Alice Pearson, died 21 

April, 1832, aged 75. 

84. Francis Pearson died 13 April, 1S29, aged 64. ^.lary his wife 

died 5 Feb., 1821, aged 49. Frances their daughter died 14 
Feb., 1799, in infancy. 

85. Benjamin Leak died 3 I\Iay, 1752, aged .... 

86. A stone, nearly illegible, to one of the same family ? 

87. Anne Fox died 21 April, 1840, aged 54. 

88. William Fox, lapidary in this place, died 26 Dec, 1S34, aged 

50. 

89. James Charles Leak died 12 Nov., 1842, aged 13. 

90. Thomas Emery Leak died 7 Nov., 1S30, aged 42, leaving issue 

three sons and two daughters. Also Henry Sanford Leak 
his son. 

91. Benjamin Leak died 9 June, 1822, aged ']6. 

92. Mary, wife of Benjamin Leak, died 24 Nov., 1S14, aged 6-j (?) 

93. Benjamin Leak died I774- 

94. Anna Rippiugal died 3 Nov., 1S34, aged 5 months. The Rev. 

S. F. Rippingal, curate of Runton 18 15-6. 

95. John Eldred died 31 Dec, 1828, aged 80. Elizabeth his wife 

died 30 May, 181 5, aged 6Z. 

96. John /f^^^died 29 June, 1829, aged 52. 

97. Lumley Benjamin Bedweil, Esq., died 12 Aug., 1850, aged 37. 

98. John Smith died 6 i\Iay, 1857, aged 91. 

99. Mary Cutler died 22 Oct., 1841, aged 73. 

100. Maria, daughter of Robert Nicholas Hamond, Esq., and 

Sophia Caroline his wife, died 14 Nov., 1S44, aged 4 years 
and 6 months. Also her sister, Almeria Charlotte, died 21 
Nov., 1844, aged 3 years and 6 months. 

lOi. Margaret, wife of Commander John King, Inspecting Com- 
mander of Coast Guard, born 20 June, 1799, died 25 Nov., 
1841. 

102. Martha, first wife of John Pank, and Martha 2nd wife of do., 
both of whom died in child-bed — the first, Sep. 2nd, 1755, 
aged 33, the second, March 3rd, 1760, aged 38. John Pank 
died 21 April, 17S9, aged 6%. 2C 



XViil. APPENDIX II. 

103. Charlotte, wife of William Bloom Paj-fi^, died 27 Aug., 1846, 

aged 26. 

104. Elizabeth, wife of John Payne, died .... aged 40. 

105. William Seaman, son of Robert and Ann Page, died 15 June, 

1859, aged 4 months. 

106. Thomas Saunderson died 17 Tvlay, 1793, aged 41. 

107. William Hoives died 19 June, 1773, aged 65. 

108. William Nelson, gent., died 17 April, 1843, aged 51. 

109. John Nurss died 8 Jan., 1755, aged 37. 

'• Fearwell Vain World 
Iv'e seen Enough of the 
& Careless I am What you 
Can say or do to me 
I fear no Threats from 
An Infernall Crew 
My Day is past &; I bid 
The World Adieu." 

iio. Rose, daughter of Andrew died Feb. 22, 1743, aged 

22. 

111. John Mason died 5 Nov., 1 791, aged 43. Phoebe his relict 

died 25 Aug., 1806, aged 56. Also their son John Howard 
Mason, died 27 Dec, 1796, aged 10. 

112. William Mason died 5 June, 1S27, aged 44. 

113. Margaret, wife of William Riches, died 26 Nov., 1724, aged 84. 

114. Rebecca, wife of William Hardinghavi, died 17 May, 1845, 

aged 69. 

115. John Hozvard died 11 jMarch, 1830, aged Z'i. Mary his 

wife 

116 also John Davy Hozuard, their son, died 17 April, 

1793, aged 4. 

117. Thomas Claxton died 21 Dec, 1814, aged 41. 

118. Joseph Scott Salmon died 15 Jan., 1848, aged 49. Robert 

Claxton, his son, died i Nov., 1842, aged 18. Also 3 
children who died in infancy. 

119. John Forster d!\<td 7 Aug., 1819, aged 35. 

120. William Harrison died 13 April, 1857, aged 20. 

121. Matthew Pank* died 25 July, 1821, aged 6^. 

• He was a large builder and bricklayer, and had two children, Mary and John. 



INSCRIPTIONS IN THE CHURCHYARD. XIX. 

122. Edmund Pcde died 23 July, 1839, aged 66. Frances his wife 

died 19 March, 1851, aged 79. 

123. Thomas Mayes died 14 Oct., 1856, aged 6Z. 
124- William Crowe died 9 June, 1827, aged 48. 

125. Thomas Leak died 16 Jan., 18 10, aged 64. Elizabeth his wife 

died 27 July, 181 3, aged 73. 

126. John Bayfield died 10 May, 1852, aged 55. IMatthew George 

Bayfield, second son of John and ^lary Ann Bayfield, who 
was drowned on his voyage home from China, 10 June, 
. 1848, aged 20. 

127. George Harrison died 18 Sept., 1S57, aged 6Z years 11 

months. 

128. Sophia, relict of Richard Ellis, and daughter of the late 

Sydney Terry, died 27 Nov., 1824, aged 51. Also two of 
their children: Jane died 26 Dec, 1810, aged 5, ^lary 
died 

129. William Mynheer, husband of Ann Mynheer, died 14 Jan., 

1858, aged 45. 

130. George Bell died 5 July, 1822, aged 55. James Langham 

died 13 Jan., 1830, aged 60. 

131. Mary Maria Terry died 22 June, 1790, ? aged 20? 

132. Sidney Terry died 26 June, 1796, aged 63. Catherine 

Harriett his wife 

133. William Smith died 7 Aug. 1840, aged 71. Mary his wife 

died 24 March, 1S53, aged -ji- 

134. Mary Ann, only daughter of John and V^^xy James, of H.M. 

Coastguard, Natives of St. Ives, Cornwall, died 25 Nov., 
1831, aged 16. 

135. Ann, daughter of William and ^fary Cazvston, died 8 Oct, 

1813, aged II. 

136. William Lines died 10 Nov., 1819, aged 75. 

137. Robert and Mary Ann, son and daughter of Jchn and 

Elizabeth IVitten (Wilten?) 

138. Elizabeth, wife of Robert Smith and daughter of John 

Thorman, died 13 May, 1831, aged 54. Robert Smith died 
8 May, 1837, aged 62. Also Mary his wife died 20 March, 
i860, aged j^. 

139. Kezia, wife of John Thorman, died 26 Feb., 1784, aged 32. 

Also John William, died in infancy, 18 Feb., 1784. 



XX. APPENDIX II. 

140. John Thorman died 28 April, 1811, aged 67. 

141. Andrew Watson, mounted guard of H.M. Revenue Coast 

Guard Service, died 16 March, 1846, aged 42. 

142. Mary iV^rzc j/t\z:/ died 4 June, 1831, aged 66. 

143. Nathaniel Nczvstcad died 4 June, 1821, aged 49. ? Also Sarah 

his wife, died 23 June, 1836, aged 6j. 

144. William Nt'zostead di^d 3 April, 1816, aged 77. Elizabeth his 

wife died 13 Sept., 1792, aged 57. Also 3 of their children 
who died in infancy. 

145. Sewell Burton died i Alay, i860, aged 81. James Howes his 

son died 11 Dec, 1833, aged 18. Elizabeth Howes his 
daughter died 15 Oct., 1843, aged 38. 

146. Edward IViggctt died 22 April, 1844, aged 51. ]\Iar>' his 

wife died 24 July, 18 19, aged 28. Also Sarah his wife died 
4 July, 1835, aged 49. 

147. John Lon^, husband of iNIary Ann Long; died 22 Sept., 1858, 

aged 50. 

148. John Middlcton died iS Nov., 1839, aged 35. 

149. Gilbert ^//^/v, fisherman, died 16 Aug., 1826, aged 50. Gilbert 

(his son by Elizabeth his wife) unfortunately drowned, 13 
Oct, 1822, in his 20th year. 

150. Elizabeth, widow of Gilbert /i//tv^, died 13 May, 1854, aged 

80. 

151. William, son of James and Wd^xy Davidson, d!\^d 2^ March, 

1823, aged 16. 

152. William Davidson, late of Northrepps, died 3 Feb., 1827, 

aged 66. 

153. Deborah, wife of William D avidsoji, d\cd 3 May, 1844, aged 

84. 
154- Phebe Carter d\zd 24 June, 1S27, aged 36. 

155. John B rcese d\&d 12 Jan., 1841, aged 72. 

156. Susanna ]Maria Breese died 25 Dec, 1814, aged 51. 

157. Cook Wrii^/it died 2 Oct, 1796, aged 69. Elizabeth his wife 

died 16 April, 1807, aged 67. 

158. James Davidson died 20 June, 1844, aged 81. 

159. Henry Warner, late gamekeeper to James Reed, Esq., for- 

merly of Cromer Hall, died 12 Oct., 1819, aged 41. 

160. William Bar>iard, son of William and Mary Barnard, of Great 

EUingham, died 3 March 1827, aged 51. 



INSCRIPTIONS IN THE CIIUIICIIYARD. XXL 

161. Mary Ann, daughter of Francis and Mary Lon^, died 5 I\Iay, 

1/99) aged S. ? 

162. Thomas, son of John and EHzabcth Middlcton, died 26 Aug., ' 

1806, aged 21. 

163. Mary Rook, wife of James Rook, died 1769. 

164. John Davidson, faithful and valuable scr\'ant of George 

Wyndham, Esq., died i April, i;8S, aged 31. 

165. Ann Nickols died 14 Aug., 1825, aged 84. 

166. William Brccse died 2 May i860, aged 66. 

167. John Storey died i Feb., 1839, aged 55. Sarah his wife died 

6 June, 1852, aged 69. Also 4 of their children. Hannah 
died II Oct., 1822, aged 12. Sarah Ann, Mary Ann, and 
Amy, died in their infancy. 

168. James, son of John and Elizabeth Storey, died 1806. 

169. John Brooks died 9 May, 1841, aged 36. 

170. John George, son of John and r>Iary Brooks, died 18 Nov., 

1833, aged 7. 

171. William Jacob died 24 April, 1821, aged 75. Susanna h:s 

wife died 24 April, 1823, aged 77. Three of their children. 

William died 28 Feb., 1820, aged 48. Philip died 

1785, aged II. Thomas died i March, 1823, aged 17. (?) 

172. Robert Porter died 4 Jan., 1825, aged 50. .Martha his wife 

died 13 April, 1858, aged 73. 

173. Sabina Simons died 25 Feb., 1856, aged 52. Erected by her 

Sunday School children. 
" 174. Samuel Simons, builder, died 23 July, 1S30, aged 73. 

175. Caroline :\Iaria Nickols died 21 April, 1808, aged So. 

176. Robert, only son of Robert and Ann Press, formerly of 

Aylmerton, died 18 March, 1826, aged 25. 

177. Robert Press, formerly of Aylmerton, died 24 Jan., 1837, aged 

63, and Ann his wife died 2 Feb., 1835, aged 63. 

178. Hannah, eldest daughter of Robert and Ann Press, died 17 

March, 1849, aged 50. 

179. Edmund Szvan died 24 May, 1S05, aged 75. IMartha his wife 

died 4 Sept., 1809, aged 81. 

180. Mary, wife of Francis Allard, died 7 April, 1812, aged 29. 

181. Maiy Ann Cawston Loose, granddaughter of Nicholas 

Cawston, of London, formerly of this parish, died 15 Aug., 
1855, aged 3 years and 3 months. 



XXll. APPENDIX II. 

183. Thomas and Christian Szvan. Christian died 12 Jan., i8or, 
aged 70, and Thomas died 15 Feb., 1805, aged 73. 

183. Elizabeth Critoph, daughter of Henry and Mary Swan, died 

2 Feb., 1806, aged 28. Also Sarah Szuan died 31 Jan., 
1819. 

184. Henry Sn^an died Oct., 1796. INIary his wife died 6 April, 

1804? 

185. Edmund Szcau, fisherman, unfortunately lost at sea, 6 May, 

1805, aged 31, 

186. Catherine, wife of Edmund Szvan, died 10 Nov., 1844, aged 

68. 

187. Mary Warner died 18 Oct., 1848, aged 6S. 

188. William Webb died 6 Feb., 1839, aged 60. 

189. Sandford Smith, son of Henry and Margaret Sandford, died 

29 Jan., 1820, aged 

190. Robert Plumer, son of Henry and Margaret Sandford, died 



191. Elizabeth, relict of Plumer Sandford, died 13 Oct., 1820, aged 

81. 

192. Henry Sandford, merchant, died 2 Aug., 1829, aged 63. 

Margaret his wife died 2^ Dec, 1S21, aged 46. Anna their 
youngest daughter. 

193. Mar>' Watson, wife of Henry 6"^//^^r^, died 20 Dec, 1840, 

aged 41 ? 

194. John Cntler died 11 Oct., 1793, aged jZ. 

195. i\Iary wife of John Cutler, died 11 May 1804, aged 70. 

196. Amey, wife of John Pye, (?) died i Oct, 1726. 

In 186 . . there was a broken slab in the Churchyard in- 
scribed thus — 

Here Lyeth y« Body of 

BR Pye son of John 

. . . e & Anne his wife 
. . o Dyed .... ye 27 

197. Thomas Webb died 20 March, 1835, aged 52, also Annette 

his wife. 

198. George Bennett, son of Thomas and Ann Webb, died 9 May 

1844, aged 22. 



INSCRIPTIONS IN THE CHURCHYARD. xxiii. 

199. Robert Wcdd died 2 July 1804. Rosamond died 

28 Dec, 1 8 II, aged 6S. 

200. William Collison died 2^ Sept., 18 14, aged 39. 

201. Elizabeth Collison died 11 Feb., 1849, aged 34. 

202. Selina Sitnoiis, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth Simons, 

died 15 Dec, 1827, aged 21. Hannah Annetta, daughter of 
Sandford and Hannah Simons, died 23 June, 1S50, aged 9 
months. 

203. Mary Soame, wife of Thomas Cook Collison, died 30 Dec, 

1829, aged 28. 

204. Henrick Hauiann, Captain of the brig Juno, of and from 

Memel, stranded 9 May, on Cromer beach, died 14 Oct., 
1845, aged 45. 

205. James Ostler, beloved and only son of Isaacks and Sarah 

Fisher, died 2 April, 1859, aged 6 years and 6 months. 

206. Mary wife of John Kettles, died 3 May, 1804? 

207. Isaac Anthony, son of Lewis and Jane Alsop,6\z6. 11 -May, 

1826, aged 25. Lewis Alsop died 30 May, 1823, aged 51, 

208. Charles Stewart ^^^r/t' died Dec. 18. 

Martha Earle died 31 Feb., 1821, aged 16. 
Richard Earle died 20 May 1824, aged 21. 
Elizabeth Earle, born 28 Sept., 1771, died 8 Sept., 1840. 

209. (Obelisk.) Sacred to the memory of John Henr>' Earle, 

surgeon, born Feb, 26, 1809, died Dec. 11, 1868. This 
monument is erected by the- members and friends of the 
Loyal Baring Lodge of Odd Fellows, M.U., as a testimony 
of their sincere respect. 

210. Mrs. Mary Ann Parkes, late of North Terrace, Camberwell, 

died at Cromer 24 April, 1853, aged 48. Beloved and only 
daughter of the late William Rust, Esq., and Dorothy his 
wife, formerly of Aldermanbury and Kennington. 

211.* Jane Rnst died 23 Nov., 1S56, aged 59. 

2I2.-|- Sarah, wife of John Atchcson, died 6 July, 1823, aged 62. 
John Atcheson died 9 July, 1S30, aged 'j6. 

* In north-east chapel ruins. 
t In chancel ruins. 



Xxiv. APPENDIX III. 



S^bc IJiivblj Jlcglstcrs, tit. 



Unhappily all the early Registers are lost, the first which have 
been preser\'ed commencing in 16S9. 

The first baptism entered is that of one of my own family :* 
*' 1689 — Margaret Rye, daughter of Williu Rye, and Mary his wife, 
baptised Septcmb"" y= i^';" and curiously enough the first marriage 
on the register is also that of one of my family: " 1696 — May 
y« 26''' Richard Harmer and Elizabeth Ry both of Cromer.'' 

The first entry of burial is on the 4th April, 1689. 

From the above dates respectively the entries run consecutively 
to the present time without any break. 

The entries chiefly relate to families of the names of Ditchell, 
Smith, Windham and Wyndham, Harmer, Partridge, Cubit, Sand- 
ford, Learner, Rye, Swan, Ransome, Har\-ey, and Miller. All the 
church registers are kept at the vicarage, but not in a fire-proof 
receptacle. 

The Town or Parish Account Books, containing the names of 
the parishioners rated and an account of the expenditure of the 
rates, commence 31st r^Iarch, 1766, and are kept in the Church 
Chest. 

* My ancestors setiled here nearly three hundred years ago, and were long yeomen 
of this parish, which they left comparatively recently. 



THE SUBSIDY ROLLS. 



XXV. 



4. ^ 


A^t mx 


bsibn ^iclls* 




Vi 


LLATA DE 


SHIPDEX. 




1st Edward I 


H. 


6th Edward HI 


. 


D.Clem'te Her\-'y 


1 

VS. ! 


DJoh'no Waryn . 


\]s. v]d 


Rob'to de Eggem'e 


ij. ! 


Thorn' Draper . 


\]s. \]d. 


Ric'o Lomb 


xijv. ! 


Alano Reymu'd 


\]s. \]d. 


Will'mo Leman 


xijW. 


Nich'o Munk . 


Kd 


Nich's Hermcr 


xijW. 


Cristia IMosse . 


\-V\]d. 


Walt'o Catclyne 


xviijc/. 


Barth' Grime 


\\\]d. 


Ric'o Bataillie 


xij^. 


Joh'ne Told [Todd?] 


y.\]d. 


Joh'ne W'aryn 


• ij-^- ij^^- 


Joh'ne Colman 


xij./. 


Thoma le Draper 


ijW. 


Rob'to Mosse . 


\]S. v]d 


Crist' IMosse 


xij^. 


Nich'o fil' Barthi . 


xxd. 


Rob'to Mosse . 


xijV, 


Will'mo Smyth 


ijd 


Barth'o Gnimme 


ijW. 


Rob'to Le Tvloyne . 


•s.vd. 


Marti no filio Levevc 


2 KKd. 


Will's Rust . 


viij^. 


Ric'o le Monye 


Kl}d. 


Alano fil' Galfr' 


vjj-. 


Barth'o Carpcnt' 


Kljd 


Isabell Tebald 


iijV. 


Will'mo Fabro' 


ijd. 


Joh'no Allot (?) 


K\]d. 


Joh'ne Sirik 


y'ljd. 


Ida Atlcbur' . 


viijW. 


Rob'to le Monie 


. xijV. 


Will's Maran (?) 


\}S. 


Alano filio Galfri 


iij<:/. 


Ric'o Le ?.Ionye 


\-njd. 


Isabell Tcbald . 


. ij-r. \]d. 


Will'o Passheleu 


Kd 


Alic' Herbert . 


xijV. 


Stcph'o le Clerk 


xxd. 


Alano Lemonie 


. xiiij,/. 


Clem'to H'vy . 


iljs. 


Hug' le Clerk . 


xviijV/. 


Rob'to de Egcmere . 


iijs. 


Isabell Passeleu 


xviijV. 


Ric'o Lorn 


viijd. 


Laur' Howard . 


x^. 


Will's Leman . 


V]s. 


Rad'o Lomb . 


v]d. 


Ric'o Wataille [Bataillc] xviij\/. 


^ ,\ Rob'to Plerbcrt 
^^ i Will'o Bcrdles 


xijV. 


Walt'o Ratine . 


iji-. 


. xijW. 


Hug' fil' Hug' . 


ix<^. 






Thorn' H'vy 


xij^. 






Hug' Ic Clark . 


xij^. 



APPENDIX IV. 



CROWMER. 14th Henry VIII. 



Thomas Roby's in goods 
Wylliam Arnold in goods 
Roger Bradfeld in goods 
John Blofeld in goods 
Richard Blofeld in goods 
Thomas Brcsc in goods 
John Smylh in goods . 
Richard Crowde* in goods 
Thomas Cator in moveables 
Richard Cloyte in moveables 
William Colbecke in moveables 
Henry Heyles in moveables 
Jeffrey ]\Iendham in goods 
John Mangilles in moveables 
Rob'te Palm' in goods . 
John Fenne in moveables 
Richard Colting in moveables 
Water Glov' in moveables 
Richard Rent (Rant ?) in goodes 
John Woodcroft in moveables 
Thomas Toly in goods 
Thomas Welwyk in goods 
George Barton in goods 
Robert Archer in goods 
John Goodred in goods 
Thomas Warn' in goods 
Richard Wild in goods 
Peter Skot in goods 
Henry Amys in goods . 
John Sadeler in goods . 
Willm Robyns in moveables 
John Dauncc in goods 
John Blomfcld in goods 
John Hickson in moveables 
John Taunte in moveables 



xxx/i. iiij 


//. 


xij//. 


vjs. 


xxx//. 


xxxs. 


1//. 


\s. 


xxx//. 


xxxs. 


xxx//. 


xxxs. 


xx//. 


xxs. 


xx//, 


xxs. 


xiijYz. vjj-. viiji/. \-js. v'yf. 


xli. 


XS. Vi/. 


xlL 


xs. \'d. 


vlL 


\]5. V]d. 


Kx/i. 


xxs. 


xvii. xvs. 


viji-. vj^. 


xx//. 


xxs. 


vijY/. 


v]s. \\]d. 


viij//. 


viij J. \\\]d. 


viijV/. 


viij J. iiij^. 


viij//. 


viiji". \\\\d. 


x//. 


v]d. 


viij//. 


Xx]s. v]d 


viijV/. 


viiji". \\\]d. 


iij//l 


xviij<^. 


iij//^ 


xviij^. 


x//. vs. 


\]s. vjd 


Kls. 


xijd. 


vj//. 


v]s. iijd. 


iij//* 


xvnjd. 


iij//. 


xviijd. 


iij//: 


xviijd. 


iiij'//. 


\\d. 


iiijV/. 


\]d. 


iij//. 


xv\\]d. 


viij//. 


iiijc/. 


vs. 


ij.f. vj^. 



* This may be Crowdere. 



THE SUBSIDY ROLLS. 



John Mannyngham in moveables 

John Monson in moveables 

Richard Noris in moveables 

Johan Gilbert in profitc for wages 

John Conyby in goods . 

Thomas Raynolds in moveables 

John Bcry in moveables 

Robert Wace in moveables 

Roger Symmys in lande 

Robert Perrot in moveables 

Thomas Berker in moveables . 

Willm Manne in wages 

Willm Barker in moveables 

Thomas Crowe in wages 

John Tubber in moveables 

Edmond Duglas in moveables . 

John Brese in moveables 

Thomas Burwell in moveables . 

John Barker in moveables 

Robert Fysheman in moveables 

John Fysshe in moveables 

Robert Wyskyn in profite in wages 

Hugh Cragge in wages 

James Mason in profile for wages 

Thomas Byrd in moveables 

John Bryght in moveables 

Rychard Strong in lande 

Edmund Hyxe in moveables . 

Thomas Bettes in lande 

Symond Edes in moveables 

Robert Glov' in profite for wages 

Adham Hutchesson in profite for wages 

John Mustroytt in moveables . 

John Blowfelde the yonger in moveables 

John Browne in moveables 

Symond Pullam in lande 

Wyllm Awden in lande 

Agnes Multon the elder in lande 

Cysle Toyle in moveables 



iiij//. 


iiijj. ij^. 


iij//. 


xviij^T'. 


vj//. 


vjj-. iij^. 


xl//. 


xij<^. 


viij//. 


viiji-. iiij^. 


vli. 


vijj. v]d. 


iij//. 


xviij^. 


\\]li. 


xvujd. 


. xxs. 


xijd. 


. xk. 


xijc/. 


. xk. 


xijd. 


. xk. 


xijd. 


. xk. 


xijd. 


. xk. 


xijd. 


. xk. 


xijd 


. xk. 


xijd. 


. xk. 


xijd. 


iij//. 


xviijd. 


. xk. 


xijd. 


iij//. 


xviijd. 


iiij//. 


ijs. 


. xk 


xijd. 


. xk 


xijd. 


. xk. 


xijd. 


. xk. 


xijd. 


iij//. 


xviijd. 


. XXJ. 


xijd. 


iij//. 


xviijd. 


. XXJ. 


xijd. 


. xk. 


xiji/. 


. xk. 


xijV. 


2S . xk. 




. xk. 




es . xk. 




. xk. 




. XXJ. 




. XXJ. 




vij//. xs. 




. xk. 





APPENDIX IV, 



Agnes Multon the yonder in wages 

Amos Baxter in moveables 

Johan Fychctt in moveables 

Margaret Bunne in moveables . 

Betrice Rice in profitc Br wages 

Margaret Cokkcs in wages 

Johan Browne in landc 

John Comforte in moveables 

Johanne Comfort in moveables 

Margaret Comfiort in moveables 

Geffrey Barber in wages 

Wyllm Foster in pronte for wages 

Mychell Dey in profite for wages 

Thomas Awdey in profite for wages 

John Blomffeld the yonger in wages 

John Huntt' in wages . 

Robert Browne in wages 

Wyllm ^larchall in wages 

Wyllm Rys}-ing in profite for wages 

Robert Ingham in wages 

Wylliam Rowlond in v/ages 

Robert Camond in wages 

Roger Buk in wages 

Roger Buk in wages 

John Byrd in profite for wages 

Edmund Gylbcrt in wages 

Nicholas Newman in wages 

John Blomeffcld in wages 

John Vyston in v.agcs . 

John Williamson in wages 

John Lawson in profite for wages 

Wyllm Mansfcid for wages 

Thomas Batman in wages 

Thomas Lees i'.i wages . 

John Hy ... son (?) in wages . 

Clement in wages 

Robert Duglas in wages 
Thomas Herrygatc in wages 
John Phillipis in wages 



x\s. 



x\s. 
xU 

XXJ-. 



THE SUBSIDY ROLLS. 



XXIX. 



Rychard Langic in wages 
Rychard Wcthcrby in wages . 
Thomas Burnand in wages 
X'pofcr Howet in wages 
Thomas Forrett in wages 
Wylhn Baxster in wages 
John Frees in wages 
Robert Reve in wages . 
John Preter in wages 
John Smyth, shoemaker, in wages 
John Towtying in wages 
VVyllm Burton in wages 
Wyllm Ruddam in wages 
Herry Long in wages . 
John Sengleton in wages 
Thomas Skynner in wages 
Thomas Hare in wages . 
VVyllm Haybot in wages 
Wyllm Holtying in wages 
Adryan, s'vaunt of Wyll'm Colbek, in wages 
Herry Jakson in wages 
Wylliam Greve in wages 
Henry Flemyng, alien, in wages 
Symond Rowlond in wages 
.Peter Parant in wages . 
John Ciasshe, alien, in wages . 
Ric. Bylle in wages 
Wyllm Corser in wages 
Henry Perman in wages 
Wyllm Bert}'lmew in wages 
Henry, s'vaunt of Eduard Subbold, in 

[alien] 
Robert Archer in wages 
Edmond Archer in wages 
Henry Hurry in wages 

Sum 



XXJ". 




XX J. 




XXJ-. 




XXJ. 




XX J. 




xxi-. 




XX J-. 




XX J. 




XXJ. 




XKS. 




XX jr. 




XXi". 




KXS. 




•KXS. 




xxs. 




xxi-. 




XXJ-. 




XXJ-. 


iiijV. 


XX J-. 


viijrt'. 


xxs. 


viijV. 


xxs. 


m]d. 


xxs. 


viijV. 


xxs. 


iiijV. 


xxs. 


iiijV. 


xxs. 


iiij^/. 


xxs. 


iiijV. 


xxs. 


viijV. 


xxs. 


iiijV. 


xxs. 


iujd 


xxs. 


iiijV. 



xxiiij//, xijj. ijW. 



APPENDIX IV. 



SUBSIDY ROLL, 37x11 HENRY VIIL 



John Knyght, Edmond Wyndham, 
knight, John Willoughby, Commissioners. 



knight, James Bullcyn, 



CROWMER. 






Will'm Arnold, gent. .... xxxj". 


Richard Blowfeld for goods 






iiij//. 


John Blowfeld for goods 






Ixvjj. vn]d. 


John 'Comefort for goods 








xlvj. 


Will'm Colbecke for goods 








xlj. 


Rob't Blowfeld for goods 








xxvjj. viijV. 


... Spilman for goods 








KS. 


Richard C for goods 








XVji". 


Richard S for goods 








xxvjj. viijW. 


Will'm S for goods 








xvs. 


Richard Wyld for goods 








XVJ-. 


Rob't Ransome for goods 








XV.f. 


John Payne for goods 








xijj-. 


Will'm Jonson for goods 








xiji". 


Edmund Suffeld for goods 








xijj. 


Will'm Ga. . . . for goods 








xijj. 


John Davye for goods 








KS. 


Nicholas Hynde for goods 








KS. 


Will'm Mangles for goods 








KS. 


Will'm Pawter for goods 








KS. 


Thomas Akwes for goods 








KS. 


Rob't Clarke for goods 








KS. 


Margaret Brese for goods 








KS. 


Clement Fyshman for goods 






VS. iiijV. 


John Venysher for goods . 






iiij^. 


Catheryn iMendham for goods 






iiijV. 


Richard Benct (?) for goods 






iijj. iiijV/. 


Rob't Bresse for goods 






iijj. iiijV. 


Rob't Mant for 






vjs. 


R ... Robbyns for landes 






IKS. 


Richard Fenne for landes . 






viijj. 


Rychard Crowde (Crowdere ?) for landes . 


iiijj. 








Sum 


. xxix//. xvijV. 



THE SUBSIDY ROLLS. XKXl. 

SUBSIDY ROLL, 37T11 HENRY VIIL Uh 

This certificate indented made the xxv day of Aprill in the first 
year of the reign of our sovcraign lord Edward the Syxthe by ye 
grace of God kinge of England, France and Irlande, defender of 
the faythe and in the Erthe of the churchc of England and of 
Irlande the supreme head, &c., ... Hcydon knyght James Boleyn 
knyght John Wylloughby knyght Xtophcr Heydon esquier 
Rychard Heydon esquier and Gregory Davy gcntylman Commis- 
sioners dyvided & allotted within the hundreds of North Erpingham 
South Erpingliam Eynesford and Holte in the county of Xorfoik 
to and for the taxation and leveing of the second & last payment 
of the entire subsidye grantyd by acte of parlaimcnt to the late king 
of famous memory Henry the VHIth in the xxxvij yeare of his 
most noble reign and nowe payable to our said most soveraign 
lord king Edward the Sixth and taxed &: assessed by the said 
commissioners according to the said acte, &c., &c. 

Wyllm Bulwer of Wooddalling in the said county of Xorff. 
gentleman Collector appoynted to &: for the leveing S: gathering 
of the forsaid subsidie. 



CROMER, 



Will'm Arnold, gent., for lande 
Thomas Robyns for lande 
Rychard Blofyld for goods 
John Spylman for goods 
John Blofyld for goods 
Will'm Colbek for goods 
Rob't Blofyld for goods 
John Comfort for goods 
Rychard Cloytte for goods 
Will'm Godderd for goods 
Rychard Wylde for goods 
Rychard Sarrse for goods 
Richard F...., jun., for lande 
Nycholas Hynde for goods . 
Rob't Marge (Marse or Marnye ?) 
Edmond Suffeld for goods . 
Rob't ...son for goods 



XXXJ. 
KS. 

iiijV/. 

xvjj. viiji/. 

Ixvjj. viijV. 

xxxiijj. iiijV. 

xxvjj-. vnjd. 

k\s. 

XVJJ. 

xijj. 
xvs. 

XVi". 

vu']s. 

xs. 

yjs. 

xs. 
xvs. 



APPENDIX IV. 



John Payne for goods 






xijj. 


Will'm Johnson for goods . 






xs. 


John Davye for goods 









Richard Crowdc for lande . 






ij... 


Clement Fysman for goods . 






vs. iujd. 


Will'm Prater (?; for goods . 






xs. 


John Feny for lande 






iiijj. 


Henry for goods 






VJ-. iiij<^. 


Margaret for goods 






xiji". 


Will'm 






xs. 


Adam Hutcheson 






iijs. iU]d. 


Rob't Brest (Brese ?) for goods 






iijs. iiijV. 


Richard Bond (?) for goods . 






iiiji-. 


Sum 


. xxviijV/. XVJ-. \Ujcf. 


Cromer. 5th Edward VI. 




Richard Blofyld ... . Ixj. . 


John Spylman 






\xs. 


John Blofylde 






Is. 


Will'm Colbek 






xxxs. 


Robert Blofylde 






xxs. 


John Comforte 






Is. 


Richard Cloyte 






xxs. 


Will'm Goddarde 






xs. 


Richard Wyldc 






xvs. 


Richard Sarse 






xvs. 


Nycholas Hynde 






xs. 


Edmond Suffeld 






xs. 


Cicely Rawnsome 






xvs. 


John Payn 






xiiji". 


Will'm Johnson 






X\)S. 


John Davye . 






xs. 


Will'm Prate 






xs. 


Margaret Brccse 






xs. 


Will'm Gadclcr (?) . 






xs. 


Symond Comforte 






xs. 


Thomas Magnus 






xs. 



THE SUBSID\ 


' ROLLS. 


xxxni. 


Richard Bcnnct 


xs. 


Will'm Magnus 


xs. 


Thomas Dcyncs 


xs. 


Strangers thcr — 




John Bastyan 


viVjd, 


Andrew Lambe 


viijV. 


Sum . 


xxiiij/z. xvj(3^. 


Cromer. Sth Edward VI. 




Will'm Arnold, gent. 


XXJ. 


Cecilia Blofcld, wid. . 




Is. 


Johanna Spilman, wid. 




xLr. 


John Blofeld . 




\s. 


Will'm Colbek 






KXXVS. 


Rob'tus Blofeld 






XXS. 


John Comfort 






u 


Ric'us Cloyte 






XXS. 


Will'm Goddard 






xs. 


Ric'us Wild . 






xvs. 


... Surr 






xvs. 


Cecilia Rannsome 






xs. 


John Payne . 






xs. 


Will'm Johnson 






xs. 


John Davy . 






xs. 


Will'm Prater 






xs. 


Will'm Sadler 






xvs. 


Thomas Magnus 






xs. 


Ric'us Benet . 






xs. 


Will'm Magnus 






xs. 


Thomas Dcnnys 






xs. 


Alien — 








John Bastyan 






viijV. 


Andrew Lambe 






viijV. 


. . . Godfrey, s'viens, Jo. ... foret 


viij^. 


[Part gone.] 




John the Dane 


viijV. 


Swaync the Dane, serviens [illeg.] 


viijW. 




S 


um . 


xxj/;. xiijj. iiij^. 



2E 



xxxiv. APPENDIX I\ 






Cromer. 39th Elizabeth. Landes. 




Emanuell Caliard, gt^nt. . • vij//. 


xxviij.y. 


Thomas Baxter, gent. 


vli. 


XXJ. 


John Blowfcld 


xb. 


viij.f. 


Will'm Rie ... 


XXXJ. 


V]S. 


John Cooper . . 


xb. 


viiji". 


Edmunde Empson 


XXJ. 


iiijj-. 


Will'm Richardson 


XX J. 


iiijj-. 


Roberto Dayncs 


XX J. 


iiijj. 


Nicholas Bacon 


XXJ-. 


iiiji". 


Robert Springold, sen. 


XXJ. 


iiijj. 


Roberto Smythe . 


xx.r. 


iiijj". 


Goods. 




Margrett Benet, wid. . . iij//. 


viijj. 


Will'm Andrewes 


iij//. 


viijj. 


Richard Benet, jun. 


iij/z. 


viiji-. 


John Springold 


U]IL 


viijj. 


Xpofer Ward 


iijV/. 


viijj-. 


Thomas Sadler 


iijV/. 


viiji". 


Edward IMarriner (?) 


\V]li. 


viijj. 


Richard Evered 


\\]li. 


viijj. 


Thomas Harmer . 


iij//. 


viijj. 


Davy Cornwall, al., per poll. 


\n]d. 


Sum h' ville . viij//. viijj-. viij^. 


Cromer. i8th Jame.s I. Landes. 




Margor>'e Callarde, widdowe . xIj. 


viijj. 


Thomas Baxter, gent. 


xk. 


viijj-. 


Thomas Husbonde, gent. . 


xb. 


viijj. 


John Spilman 


xb. 


viijj. 


Edmond Dennys . 


XXJ. 


iiijj. 


Rychard Everyd . . . xxj. 


iiijj. 






Sum . xb 



THE SUBSIDY ROLLS. 



XXXV. 



Cromer. 4th Charles I. Landes, 
James Underwood, gent. . 
Thomas Baxter, junr., gent 
John Spillman 
Edmond Dennys . 



iiijV/. 


xvjj-. 


iij/;' 


Xlji". 


Xlj. 


vn}S. 


XXJ. 


liijj". 



In Cromer. 14th Charles II. 

Clement Mangles . . 4 

The said S' George Windham 12 o 

John Miller ... 5 



o payd and acquitted, 
o payd and acquitted. 
O payd and acquitted. 



Cromer, v//. xij J. 15 th Charles II. 

Dame Frances Windham & the 
son & heire of S'' George Wind- 
ham, k*, late deC^. 

Thomas Baxter, gent 



ix/z. 



iijV/. xiji-. 
xIj. 



APPENDIX IV. 



CROMER. 24th Charles II. Hearth Tax Roll. 



Tho. Baxter 




Wid. Walker . 


I 


H^° Todd 




Pye and Bond 


2 


Robt. iMorris . 


I 


Woolsy and Pert 


2 


Robt. Payne . 




Ray and Allyn 


2 


I>^ich 


I 


Dy. Dcbcrson 
Wid. Dabny . 


{ 


Jn°Waldy(?) . 


I 


... B...ont 


2 


Eliz. Goodluck 


I 


Jn" Rivet (?) . 




Eale and Plattyn 


2 


\Vm. Bennet . 




Plattin (?) and Bayne . 


2 


Jn° Payne 




Robt Hurst . 


I 


Wm. Ashmoore 


5 


Lane. Connall, ju. 


I 


A vacant 


2 


Eliz. Durrant . 


I 


Tho. Dawson . 


2 


Jn^ Plattin 


I 


Wm. iMorden . 


4 


Wm. Whypp . 


I 


Rich. Bennett . 


• 5 


Jn° Webster . 




Jn"* Robinson . 


I 


Wid. ...erson . 




Edw. Rey [Rye] 


3 


Kinge & Morris 




Rich. Basham . 


. 2 


Lawn B .er 




Jno Miller 


• 3 


Sym. Risburge 




Tho. Hipp 


I 


Rye& 




Rich. Lemon . 


. 2 


[Many here illegible.] 




Tho. Abbs . 


. 4 


Wid. Matlask . 




Sase and Webster 


. 2 


Edm. George . 




'Wm. Cooke 


• 3 


Rich. Overton . 




X" Payne 


2 


Jn° Weldyn . 




Hen. Staplcton 


. 2 


Wid. Dixon . 




Robt Goslyn . 


• 5 


Wid. Moanes . 




Nat. Woodcroffe 


I 


Mar>* Beare 




Robt Goldsmith 


. 2 


Wid. Atkinson 




Wm. Richardson 


• 3 


Tho. Caston . 
Wid. Howe . 




Persons dischargee 


1/9 


Eliz. Floydcn . 






— 


Roger R}'e 




Tho. Carver 


I 


Wid. Acres (?) 




Lane. Cunnall . 


I 


Wid. Holland . 




Payne and Holland 


. 2 


Tho. Cannell . 




Woolsy and Swann 


. 2 







Wid. Jeckcs . 


I 




^l 



THE POLL BOOKS. 



5. ^t loll !i]0ohs. 



1714. CROMER. 

Bennct Rich'^, ju. 
Carter Vincent 
Copeland Riclid. 
Frary John 
Fox Robert 
Goat John 
Hutchinson Clement 
Kirby John 
Miller John 
Pank Francis 



Pank Matthew 
Rivet Wm. 
Rye James 
Sadler Thos. 
Sillis Robert 
Smith Nathl. 



~1 



i A// voted for Sir 
James Astley cv Thos. 

\de Grey — Sir Ralph 
Hare and Erasmus 
Earle not gettijig a 
vote. 



1734. CROMER. 

Allen Robt. 
Bennett Richd. 
Bulwer Jas. 
Chaplin Fras. 
Collins Peter 
Cook John 
Cook John 
Copland Richd. 
Fox Robt 
Frarey John 
Robt. 
„ Nichs. 
Hackerson Thos. 
Haskins John 
Hurst John 
Kett Robt. (rcsid. 



Kirby John '^ 

„ Samuel 
Miller John 
Pain Richd. 
Paul Thos. 
Ransome Hy. 

Robert 
Riches Wm. 
Rooke John 
Smith Richd. 
Suffell John 
Webb Robt 
Willemot Jas. 
Wyndham Eras. 



I All but N'chs. 
I Frarey, who voted for 
y Bacon &• Wodehouse, 
I voted for Coke and 
R For den. 



Hingham) 



xxxvm. 


APPENDIX V. 




1768. CROMER. 








Carter John 


Cromer 


Astley and Coke 


Cutlove John 


,, 


de Grey 


and Coke 


Everard Richd 


Gimmingh 


am Astley and Coke 


Hook Phihp 


)» 


„ 




Kirby J as. 


,, 


„ 




Leake Benjn. 


Cromer 


Wodehouse and de Grey 


Lownd John 


,, 


Astley and Coke 


Elumley Robt. 


., 


»> 




Ransome \Vm 


,. 


>» 




Riches Jas. 


„ 


,, 




Swan Hy. 


•I 


de Grey 


and Coke 


Williment John 


de Grey 


and Astley 


1802. CROMER. 












Coke Astley Wcxlehouse 


Bailey Wm. 


haberdasher 


Nonvich 


I 


Chesnutt Kirby 


gardener 


Edgefield 


I I 


Curtis Jas. 


blacksmith 


Cromer 


I I 


Emery Jas. 


farmer 


Fakenham 


I I 


Grice Phihp H. 


fishmonger 


Weybourne 




Hicks John 


gent. 


Cromer 


I I 


Howard John 


King's officer 


„ 




Leake Benjn. 


shoemaker 


„ 




Micklcburgh Thos. 


merchant 


„ 


I I 


Miller Wm. 


farmer 


Antingham 




Pearson Francis 


tailor 


Cromer 




Quinsay Eras. 


shoemaker 


„ 




Ransome Wm. 


mariner 


„ 




„ Hy. 


>» 


,, 




Rust Benjn. 


draper 






Sexton Allen 


fishmonger 


., 


I I 


Simons Saml. 


carpenter 


„ 


I I 


Windham G. 


esq. 


j» 


I I 


Wright Saml. 


farmer 


Overstrand 


I I 



THE POLL BOOKS. 



1806 



J. CROMER. 




Curtis Jas. 


blacksmith 


Custancc W'm. 


mariner 


Jarvis \Vm. 


mariner 


Leake Bcnjn. 


shoemaker 


Neale Jonathan 


cordwainer 


Peele Edmd. 


tailor 


Pearson Fras., sen 


draper 


Ransome Shermar 


1 mariner 


» Hy. 


)> 


Rust Benjn. 


draper 


Sanford Hy. 


merchant 


Sexton Allen 


fisherman 


Smith \Vm. 


carpenter 


Tucker Wm. Cools 


: publican 


Turner Saml. 


miller 


Wardlaw Hy. 


yeoman 


Webb Robt. 


carpenter 


Wyndham Geo. 


esquire 


Witting Geo. 


innkeeper (Gresham) 



Windham Coke WoUchouse 



xl. 



APPENDIX VI. 



6. Ch Ibtc kx 1767, 



CROMER, APRIL 24'^ 1767. 

A Rate made by Antho : Ditchell and Tho^ Emery Overseers 
with the Consent of the Inhabitants of the said Parish to Collect 
money for the Relief of the Poor at Four Shillin.f^s on the Pound. 





£ 


s. 


,i. 


M« Windham . . . 


3 


12 




For the Tythcs . 


3 


4 




For 2/3 of the Vicarage 


I 


6 


8 


M*- Wormly Tvlartin 1/3 of the Vicarage 




13 


4 


Rr EdW^ Brooks for Alillers late Saces 




4 




For late Millers . 




5 




For Plattons 




6 




For late Todds . 




3 




For late Frary's house 




4 




For Bulls Land . 


I 


4 




For late Marshalls 




17 




For 1/3 of Carters 




I 


4 


For Overstrand Town Close 




6 




For Bells 




I 




Anth^ Ditchell for Smiths . 


9 


4 




For the INIill close 




3 




For Sir W- Harbords 




4 




For late Elders . 




3 




For M" Windhams late in Frary's use 




6 




Fra'' Pearson late Bennetts 




4 




Tho^ Emery for M« Windhams 


12 


7 


2 


For Coplands 




18 




For Smiths 


I 


8 




More for ^.I" Windhams . 


I 


8 





THE RATE FOR 1 767. 



Xli. 



For land formerly belonging to the \V Horse 

M"" Fish late Woodrows 

More late Woodrows 

Rob* Plumbly late Whalls 

For rent of Howards Hill . 

For the Royall Oak 

W"* Cozens for Bullwers 

For the School close 

For Rent of Butt land 

For Frary's Land 

Sherman Cutler for the Red Lyon 

W"^ Skinner for Rivets 

For Smiths and land in Cromer 

Phillip Hook for Bennetts . 

More for his House 

VV"^ Ransom for the Ship . 

Jiio Willamans late Smith . 

For Cooks land . 

More for Dybolls 

More for M'^ Windhams 

Jno Lownd for Bulls 

Henry Swan for millers 

Ja* Flaxman 18 acres 

Ja' Kirby for Ryes 

For late Lownds for ]Malthouse 

For late Lownds House 

Ja^ Riches late Kirbys 

Jno Carter 2/3 of a Pound 

Cook Wright for ^Mountains 

Phillip Terry late Jiio Goates 

Isaac Alsop for the Kings Arms 

Jno Cutler late Church's 

Rob* Smith 

Jno Rook 

Rob' Rook 

Ben. Leak 

Jo* Masons 

Late Hannah Harveys late Smiths 



2 II 
7 

4 8 
9 
14 
4 

1 4 
2 

6 

4 

8 o 
6 

2 

8 
4 
3 

2 

3 
8 

2 8 
8 

8 
2 
2 

4 
2 8 

5 
4 
9 
4 
2 8 

I 4 

4 

4 

4 

2 

2D 



:Iii. APPENDIX VI. 



Bart Sales late Atchcsons . 
Rob' Rook for late Whalls . 

By the Rate . 
Town Stock . 

Rate & Stock 
The disbursements 

Remain Stoclc 
Rec^ for Ann Stea:Tcman's bed 



£ll 2 o^ 

April the 25, 1767 

Allowed by us till just cause be shewn to the Contrary 
W Harbord 
G Chad 

Also Rec*^ Two Shillings wich 
was Overcharged in y" Dublycates 
makeing which makes y"= Stock 



i;5i s 

6 19 


9 

8 


50 5 

48 lo 


5 
4h 


9 7 
I 15 






r 



II 4. ch 



[NB : at the head of this year's Ace' is 
IMarch 31 1766 

We nominate for Overseers for the year Ensucing 
Tho^ Emery 
Anth" Ditchell 
Rob' Plumbly 
Fra^ Pearson 
Phillip Terry 
Rob' Rooke 
Henry Swan 

June 29^^ 1767 

V^ M' Emery the Town Stock £g 7 o^ 
A Ditchell 



ESTIMATE TO REPAIR CHURCH. xliii. 



7. (gstxmale ta ^icpro lljc C|jurtlj in 1758. 



/4« Estimate of the Dilapidations on Cromer Chnrch, as sun-eyed by 
order of the Lord Bishop of Norzvich, fohn IVyndhavi, Esq''', 
and Mr. Ellis, of Cromer, 1 7 ////;', 1758, /. Thos. Ivory. ' 



To new roof the middle Isle with proper scantlings 
of the best red wood firr and cells of oak — to 
use all the old metcrials as far as they will go ; 
— the roof to be framed with king posts and 
trusses to discharge the croud irom the walls 
and give a perpendicular bearing — the parepet 
walls to be taken down and the roof to be made 
into an eves drip with a projection of the sparrs 
feet about 12 inches over the walls — the roof to 
be properly boarded and then covered with 
Welch slating, and the ridge with lead (and this 
roof ought to be on before the side isles are the 
least disturbd) all the principalis to stand upon 
the baulks . . . . 230 i o 

Repairing the roofs of the side Isles and compleat- 

ing them fit for lead again . . . 50 o o 

To cover the same again with cast sheet lead of 71b. 

to the foot and the laying it . . 170 13 2 

No covering will do, but lead, on the side 
Isles, as the pitch is so flat, and altering that 
will be a considerable larger expence in the 
Carpenter's work, as well as spoil the sym- 
metry of the building both within and with- 
out side. 



xliv. APPENDIX VII. 

To glaze the lower windows (only) with Newcastle 

quarry . . . . . 25 o o 

The upper windows are now wrought up 
with bricks but yet shows their form entire — 
I would recommend them to remain so, as 
there will be light enough from the lower 
windows. 

Regulating the Gravestones and finishing the re- 
mainder of the paving with white bricks . 30 o o 

A neat flat cicling to the middle Isle and all the 

walls to be scrapd, plaisterd, and whitewashd . 45 o o 

Smiths' work for the roof and to the windows, 

pulpet, &c. . . . . 20 o o 

Putting up a Pulpet and Desk, six pews and about 
doz. long open seats in the middle Isle — a com- 
munion table and rails round it and repairing 
the Font . . . . 45 o o 

Bricklayers' work for lowering the parepets, working 
up the staircases at the east end of the church 
and many Jobs . 

For carting . ;{^io ; and scaffolding . i^io 



15 








20 








£6so 


14 


2 



DlLAPID.\T^ONS ON THE STEEPLE. 

The Platform of the Steeple to be taken up and 
now cast — the timbers to be all repaird firm — 
fit to lay the lead on again, for they arc now 
in as bad repair as possible to stand — the 4 
sound windows to be put in proper repair wath 
oak weather boarding, to keep the weather 
from getting into the steeple, w'^'* has done a 
great deel of damage in there. The Frames 
where the Bells hang in to be taking down and 
the floor to be properly repaird and one Bell 



ESTIMATE TO REPAIR CHURCH. xlv. 

hung. Some breaches in the steeple to be re- 
paird to keep the weather from eating any- 
further into the wails. The Belfry to be 
repaird and the Floors, between the Belfrey and 
that where the Bells hang ; and repairing the 
south porch, as that is to be the only entrance . 70 o o 
Am' of the Church repairs . . 650 14 2 



£720 14 
For a proper person to conduct and carry on the 
business in a regular manner and to pass the 
bills and to see the acc^^ dischargd . . 31 10 



o 



;^752 4 2 



Credit. 
By the old lead on the middle Isle 

and side Isles with all their spouts, 

&c., &c. . . . 280 o o 

By the old meterials— having liberty 

to use them as farr as they will 

go in this alteration . . 50 o O 

By the 4 largest Bells . . 160 o o 



490 o o 



BalP . £262 4 2 



The Lead and Bells to be all weighd in the churchyd before its 
carryd off the premises, and one of the neighbouring gentlemen to 
keep a book of it, and to appoint a Treasurer. 

If it is not thought fit to set about these reperations this year, 
yet I would recommend that the Roof of the middle Isle be taken 
off directly for the better security of the side walls — and they will 
stand much safer without it— as the pressure is now so great upon 
them. 



APPENDIX VIII. 



8. gtd d J^incs. 



The following are notes of all the Feet of Fines relating to 
Shipden and Cromer down to the year 32 Geo. Il.-f 

1. 8 PJch'^ I. Xo. 52. Robert CIcricus of Ructon (Roughton or 

Runton ?) v. *Adam son of Hclye de Sipeden of 30=^ in 
Sipeden, and half the services of Roger CIcricus and of 
Reginald Palmer. 

2. 10 RicL<^ I. No. 162, Richard son of Walter v. *Robcrt 

Buinard of 2/- rent in Sipdcn — the consideration being a 
regrant to Roger de Reppes at 2/-, Buinard to hold it of 
the latter at 2/6. 

3. 4 John. No. 121. Inetta dau. of Godric v. *Thomas Busing 

of 10^ in Sipeden, the consideration of 20/-. 

4. 14 Edw"^ I. No. 406. William Gerebreg, vinter, and Johanna 

his wife v. *Richard Gerebreg of Yarmouth, in Erpingham, 
Schipdene, and Yarmouth. [Alice wife of Wm. G. is 
mentioned, and Thos. Gerberg puts in his claim.] 

5. 14 Edw^ I. No. 431. Reginald son of John de North Reppes 

V. *Edmund de N. Reppes, in N. and S. Reppes, Sistrond, 
Ovestrond, Schypeden, and Ructon — Regrant by Reginald 
of land called Wrongedale, and half a mill, &c. — Simon 
de Lund (on ?) puts in his claim. 

6. 20 G: 21 Edw. I. No. 617. *Wiriiam de Bradenham and 

Isabel his wife, by Wm. de Sythcstrond v. Magr. John de 
Bradenham, in Shipcdcn, N. Repps, and Overstrand, of a 
messuage, 50^ of land, 2=^ of pasture, 4* of briar, i^ of 
pasture, and 4d, rent — Regrant to hold of Wm. as of fee. 

7. 30 Ed. I. No. S65. Laurence de Reppes v. *John fil' 

Edm.ond de Reppes of a messuage and 50* of land, 5* 
pasture, 1 5^ marsh, 50^ of briar, and 40/- rent in N. and 
S. Reppes, Cistrand, Ovrestrand, Rughton, and Shipeden. 

+ The party to whose name a * is prefixed is the grantor or vendor. 



FEET OF FINES. xlvii. 

8. II Ed. II. No. 656. John Brown of Tutyngton v. *John dc 

Oddyngelis of the advowson of the Church of St. Peter 
of Shypcdcne juxta Felbrigcj. 

9. 18 Ed. II. No. 994. Hu^h Tcbaud v. ■^'Isabella widow of 

Wm. dc Bradcnham, and W'm. Fil' \Vm. dc Bradenham, 
in Shipcdcn, N. Repps, and Ovcrstrond. 

10. 5 Ed'.v'^ III. No. 203. Clement Kcrvi o{ Shipeden and 

MiHcent his wife v. John fil' Robert Tcbaud of Shipcdcn, 

in Shipeden. 

Do. do. V. the said *John of do. 

11. 6 Edw'^ III. No. 252. *Symon Bygot of Felbrigge and 

Alicia his wife v. Alexr. de Walcote and Wm. fil' Roger 
Bygot of Fclbrigge, in Herlyng, Palling, Waxtenesham, 
Runton, Beeston, and Shipden, and advowson of E. 
Harling. [Robert fil' Walter de Bernham and Sarra 
widow of John de Skeyton, put in their claim.] 

12. 7 Edw. III. No. 290. John Colman v. *John Brynyng of 

Rughton and Kathcrine his wife, in Shipcdene. 

13. 21 Edw. III. No. 755. Wm. de Croule of Castel Rysyng v. 

♦Robert JMounk of Shipeden and Alicia his wife, in 
Shipeden. 

14. 23 Edw. III. No. 812. *Clement Hervy of Shipeden v. 

Roger de Hedersete, parson of the Church of Billingford, 
and Robert Broun, parson of the Church of Shipeden, in 
Shipeden, Ovcrstrond, Rughton (Roughton), N. Repps; 
and Felbrygg. 

15. 24 & 25 Edw^^ III. No. S44. John Lorn of Shipeden v. *A!an 

Reyner of Aylmerton and Isabella his wife, in Shipedene. 

16. 36 Edw. III. No. II 36. Roger Fclbrigge chivaler and John 

Habbe v. *Simon fil' Richd. Millerc of Sheringham and 
Matilda his wife, in Roghton, Thorp x»Iarkct, P'elbrigge, 
Shipedene, and Metton. 

17. 39 Edwd. III. No. 1 213. *J()hn Aylmer and Helewisa his 

wife, and John son of Edward de Gresham, v. John, 
parson of the Church of Runtton (Runcton ?), Wm. 
Godfrey capell'', Edwd. de Gresham, and John Atte 
Boure, in Aylmerton, Gresham, Sustede, Felmyngham, 
Basyngham, Rughton, Shepden, and Bodham. 



xlviii. APPENDIX VIII. 

i8. 49 Edwd. III. No. 1556. John Bondc of Walsham v. *Adam 
Gees (Goos ?) of Shipden and Margt. his wife, in Fcl- 
mingham. 

19. 7 Rich'^ II. No. 93. Robt. Popyngcay, John de Grcsham, 

Robt. Brynyng, and Adam Hare, v. *John Fyniel of 
Shipden and Alicia his wife, in Shipden. 

20. 12 Hen. IV. No. 117. Richd. de Colby and Margt. his wife 

V. *John Drcggc of Shipden and Johanna his wife, in 
Shipden. 

21. 2 Hen. VI. No. 5. John Jolyf v. *Richd. Fenge and Agnes 

his wife, in Shipden. 

22. 18 Hen. VI. No. 15. John wyn of Baldeswell, capel- 

lanus, Simon Norman, vicar of the Church of Shipden, 
and others, v. *Richd. Cordy of Castlcacre and Johanna 
his wife, in Baldeswell. 

23. 20 Hen. VI. No. 176. Robert Clcrc and others v. *John 

Clement of Crowemcr, of the manor of E. Beckham. 

24. II Edw. IV. No. 35. John Heydon, Henry Heydon armiger, 

Robt. Walssh, Wm. Garlek, and Geoffrey Walssh, v. 
♦John Bumpstede and Eliz''^ his wife, in Thorpmarket, 
Gunton, S. Rcppys, Roughton, Metton, and Shipden. 

25. Easter, 19 Henry VII. Sir John Paston, Sir Edwd. Ponynges, 

and Richd. Croft v. Roger Townsend, Ar., and Anne his 
wife, manor of E. Beckham, and in E. Beckham, W. 
Beckham, Sheryngham, Beeston, Runton, Shipden, Fil- 
bregge, Aylmerton, Susted, and Gresham. 

26. Trin., 7 H. VIII. John Spylman of Roughton, bocher, v. 

Thomas Gryme and Alice his wife, in Cromer and 
Northreppes. 

27. Trin., 7 H. VIII. Henry Chauney and others v. John Welton 

and Elizabeth his wife, in Crowmer and Shipden. 

28. Mich., 21 H. VIII. Thomas Bevys and others v. Willm. 

Peerson, sen., and others, in North Walsham and Cromer 
otherwise Shypden. 

29. Mich., 21 H. VIII. Willm. Brampton, Ar., and others v. 

Thomas Shrymplyng and others, in Craneworth and 
Shipden. 

30. Mich., 23 Ij^^III. Robt. Alarche and others v. John Lewys 

and otners, in Shipden. 



FEET OF FINES. xlix. 

31. Trin., 24 Henry VIII. RobL Hanvard of Booton v. Rich. 

Gunmour and others, in Crowmer, Felbrige, and Runton. 

32. Trin., 24 H. VIII. Edm. Suffcld and others v. John Stalles 

and others, in Cromer ah'as Shipdcn. 

33. Mich., 26 H. VIII. Henry Fuller v. Galfr. Barbour and 

others, in Shipdcn. 

34. Hil., 26 H. VIII. Thos. Robyns and others v. John Stacy, 

in Shipden als. Cromer, Felbrige, Roughton, Northreppys, 
Overstrond, and Fildeallyng. 

35. Trin., 27 H. VIII. Sir John Cornwallys and others v. Sir 

Cristopher Willoughby and others, of the manor of 
Roughton, and in Roughton, Crowmer, North Reppys, 
South Reppys, Thorp, Gunton, Suffcld, Colby, Hanworth, 
and Felbryge. 

36. Mich., 29 H. VIII. Thomas Knolles and others v. Thos. 

Harman and others, in Shipdane. 

37. Mich., 32 H. VIII. John Blowfeld and others v. John Bradfeld 

and others, in Crowmere otherwise Shypden. 

38. Mich., 34 H. VIII. Wiilm. IMundys, cler., v. Thomas Cawston 

and others, in Cromer als. Shypden, and Northreppys. 

39. Hil., 35 H. VIII. Robt. Rugge, citizen and alderman of 

Norwich, v. Christr. Heydon, Esq., and others, of the 
manors of North Repps and Metton als. J.Ietton Heyle- 
shall, and in North Roughton, South Repps, Trimmingham, 
Systrond, and Crowmer. 

40. East, 36 H. VIII. John Gresham v. Sir Nichs. Hare and 

others, of the manor of S. Repps, and in S. Repps, N. 
Repps, Cromer, Thorpe, and Systrond. 

41. Mich., I Edward VI. Sir Robt. Holdychc and others v. Robt. 

Harward, An, and others, in Alburgh, Alby, and Cromer 
otherwise Shypdam. 

42. Mich., I E. VI. Edm. Suffeld v. John Bradfeld and others, in 

Crowmer and Ronton. 

43. Mich., 5 E. VI. Clement Harward, Esq., v. Robt Harward, 

Esq., and others, in Shipden. 

44. Hil., 5 and 6 E. VI. Robt Churchc v. Thomas Jcnkynson, 

hosycr, and others, in Cromer otherwise Shipden. 

45. Mich., I P. and M. Robt Baker v. R. Drawer and others, in 

Cromer als. Shipdcn. 

2G 



1. APPENDIX VIII. 

46. Trin., 2 P. and ]\I. Willm. Prator v. Rich. Hyldcrs and 

others, in Cromer otherwise Shypdcn. 

47. Mich., 2 Philip and Tvlary. John Baron, CIcr., v. Thos. 

Robkyn and others, in Shipdcn otherwise Cromer, &c. 

48. Mich., 2 P. and M. John Earon, Cler., v. Edm. Suffeld and 

others, in Cromer. 

49. Mich., I and 2 Elizabeth. Jno. Powells and others v. Richd. 

Estynges and others, in Cromerall, &c. 

50. Mich., 2 and 3 E. W'm. Colbcck v. Wm. Arnold, in Cromer 

als. Shipden. 

51. Hil., 21 E. Jno. Colby v. Tho. Chapman and others, in North 

Repps and Crowmer. 

52. Mich., 22 and 23 E. Robt. Underwood, Gent., and others v. 

Richd. Arnold, Gent., and others, of the Manor of Uffordys 
and Tomlynges als. Tomlyns, and in Cromer als. Shipden, 
North Repps, Roughton, &c. 

53. Hi!., 25 E. Robt. Underwood, Ar., v. Jno. Dodge, Ar., and 

others, in " Goodale " Barnyngham, Cromer, &c. 

54. Hil., 26 E. Jno. Deynes v. Edwd. Deynes and others, in 

Cromer als. Shipden. 

55. East., 27 E. Tho. Gippes v. Robt. Larwood and others, in 

Shipden. 

56. Mich., 28 and 29 E. Jeronimus Cawston and others v. Jno. 

Brighte and others in Cromer and North Repps. 

57. East., 35 E. Christopher. Warde v. Robt. Miller, in Cromer. 

58. East., 41 E. Hy. Spylman v. Tho. Blofeld and others, in 

Shipden, Sic. 

59. Hil., 42 E. Lancelot Holmes v. Geo. Inglond and others, in 

Cromer, &c. 

60. Hil, 2 J. I. Rob. Dcy and others v. Edm. Salter, in Shipden. 

61. East., 6 J. I. Jo. Canham v. Hy. Robinson and others, in 

Shipden, &c. 

62. Mich., 7 J. I. ?.Iartin Overton and others v. Jo. Jenney and 

others, in Cromer. 
6s. Mich., II J. I. Gregory Coleby v. Hy. Newton and others, in 

Cromer, &c. 
64. Trin., 12 James I. Tho. Buckner v. W. Carter and others, in 

Cromer. 



FEET OF FINES. H. 

65. Mich., 14 J. I. Ja. Underwood v. Tho. Jenkinson and others, 

in Cromer, &c. 

66. Mich., 15 J. I. Jo. Sadler, Gent., v. Elizth. Sadler and others, 

in Cromer. 

67. Mich., 16 J. I. Jas. Underwood, Gen., v. Rob. Smyth and 

others, in Cromer als. Shipden. 
6S. Trin., 18 J. I. Tho. Baxter, jun., v. Tho. Blofeld and others, 
in Cromer, &:c. 

69. Mich., 18 J. I. R. Bennett, jun., v. Tho. Fyshman and others, 

• in Cromer. 

70. Trin., 13 C. I. Edwd. Hayles, IMil. and Bart., and others, v. 

Geo. Wyndham, Mil., and others, of the manor of Uffords 
and tenements in Cromer, &:c. 

71. Trin., 13 C. I. Tho. Wyndham, Ar., and others v. Tho. 

Russell and others, in Cromer, S:c. 

72. Hil., 14 C. I. Richd. Cox and others v. Johanna Hurst, vid., 

and others, in Cromer, &c. 

73. Hil., 18 C. I. Jo. Daynes and others v. Ric. Cox and others, 

in Cromer, &c. 

74. Hil., 1650. Tho. Baxter, Gen., v. Jo. Mangles and others, in 

Cromer. 

75. Hil., 1652. Rob. Dey v. Rob. Allcock and others, in Cromer, 

Felbridgc, &c. 
y6. East, 13 C. 11. Rob. Paine v. Jo. Paine, in Cromer als. 
Shipden. 

77. Mich., 15 C. n. Edm. Britiffe, Gent., and others v. Mar. 

(Meir?) Tompson, Drinkmilke, Chosell, Carr, Fox, and 
others, in Cromer, &c. 

78. Hil., 1668. Tho. Newman v. Jo. Spelman and others, in 

Cromer. 

79. East., 16 Charles H. Nichs. Whale, Gent, v. R. Pame (Paine ?), 

Bennett, Nicholls, and others, in Cromer, &c. 

80. Mich., 23 C. n. Tho. Harmer and others v. Jo. Spillman, 

Gent, and others, in Cromer. 

81. Michs., 7 Geo. H. Eliz. Buttolph, spinster, v. Richd. Smith, 

Gen., in Cromer als. Shipden. 

82. Easter, Geo. H. Wm. Tower v. Richd. Gay Lucas Clerk and 

wife, Mary Adams, and Robt. Ridgewell and wife, in 
Runton, Aylmerton, Felbrigge, Cromer, and Marsham. 



lii. APPENDIX VIII. 

83. Hil., II Geo. II. John, Lord Hobart, Baron of Blickllng, v. 

Robert Ransomc and wife, Thos, Cubit and wife, in 
Cromer and Blickling. 

84. Trinity, 16 and 17 Geo. II. \Vm. Hall and others v. John 

Spooner and wife, ?.Iatthcw Lawrence and wife, and Mary 
Paine, in Hickling, E. Runton, and Cromer als. Shipden. 

85. Hil., 17 Geo. II. Francis Windham, Esq., v. Robt. Plumbly 

and wife, and Tho. Paul and wife, in Cromer and Runton. 
S6. Hil., 18 Geo. II. Thos. Henzell, Gent., v. John Kirby and 

wife, and James Kirby and wife, in Cromer. 
87. Trin., 18 and 19 Geo. II. Do. v. Jas. Mountain and wife, in 

Gresham, Aylmerton, Cromer, &c. 
8S. Trin., 24 Geo. II. Anthony Ditchell v. Francis Chaplin and 

wife, in Cromer als. Shipden. 

89. i\Iichs., 25 Geo. II. Tho. Capurne v. John Miller and Eliz. 

his wife, Robt. Fickling and Mary his wife, in Paston and 
Cromer. 

90. Michs., 25 Geo. II. Tho. Henzell v. Tho. Woodrow, Gent, 

and Lucy his wife, in Beeston juxta mare Runton, Cromer, 
E. Beckham, Felbridge, and Aylmerton. 

91. Easter, 25 Geo. II. John Withers v. Richd. Frary and Susan 

his wife, in Cromer als. Shipden. 

92. Trin., 26 and 27 Geo. II. Chas Weston v. Joseph i\Iiller and 

Elizth. his wife, and Nathl. Stagg and Mary his wife, in 
S. Repps and Shipden. 

93. Michs., 31 Geo. II. Tho. Vaughan, Gent, v. Chas. Wyndham, 

Esq., and John Wyndham, Esq., in Cromer, Overstrand, 
N. Repps, &c. 



VARIOUS CHARTERS, ETC. liii. 



9. ^ixxmx^ (iTIjiirftrs, tit. 



(Patent Roll, i Ed. i.) 

m 6 — Norff. R(obertus) Fulc(o) et \V(illeImus) de Saham v. 

Edmundum de Eggemere and others in Schipdene. 
m 5 (dorse) — Hugh fil' Theobald Ic Chapel (ler) of Shipden v. 

Roger de Lingthwcyt and others of land in Shipden. 
32 Edw. I., in 15. 

Notice to Sheriff to give seizin to Editha de Boys "qd cum 

ipsa in cur' R' apud Shelford recupasset seis' suam v. 

Willm de Gradenham (Bredeham?) de uno messuagio 

cum ptin' in Shipcdon, S:c." 
1291 — Beeston, Prior of — valued at 2d. in Taxat. Eccl,, Shipden. 
2 Hen. v., N° 30. Tho* de IMorlee and o" gave Prior and C of 

B.V. Mary of Beeston (i.a.) land in Shipden. 



(Abbrevatio Placitorum.) 

II Edw. I., roll 2. Charter enrolled on roll. 

Remigius son of Wm. Mulings (vel Meulings) to the Bishop of 
Norwich, all the lands he held of latter in (i.a.) Shipden. 



(Register of St. Benet's Abbey.) 

No. 976. — Release by Beatrice WIf (Ulph?) of a messuage and 
10 acres in Shipden, 128^. 



(Chancery Proceedings Temp. Elizbth.) 

Thos. Greene v. Tho. Jermy as to premises in Cromer the jointure 
of plaintiffs daughter Marj'. 



liv. APPENDIX IX. 

(Bodleian Charters.) 

Charter 451. 

Shipdcn. Margaret de Crcyk, widow, and Robert de Creyk, her 
eldest son, grant to Robert, son of Hugh le Flamming, of Ship- 
dene, a tenement in Shipdcne, paying on the feast of S' John 
Bapt, 36 Hen. HI., 2 marks; at i.Iichaclmas following, 2 marks; 
at the Purification B.V.?»I., 37 Hen. HI., 2 marks; and at Easter, 
20J-. 

Witnesses — Sir Rich' de Bcrningham, Tho. dc Birrestone, Ric 
de (le ?) Soutcrsone, Rich'^ de Boyton, Jordan dc SnoUcton. 

Charter 452. 

William Dikessone of Schcpcdcnnc grants to John Gilberd of 
South Repps a messuage and a house in Schepcdcnne, situate 
between ho. of John Wlfled and ho. of John Hastyng abuts on 
King's Highway on E. 

Dated at Schepcdcnne, St. Pctronilla the virgin's day, 38 Ed. HI. 

Witnesses — John Hastyng, Ralph de Egmor, Alan de Paston, 
Ric*^"^ de Rcppes, Wm. Atte Lound, Edmund Colman, Rich"^ 
Fayrcock, and others. 

Charter 453. 

John Gilberd of South Repps grants to John Wlfled of Schipeden 
and Agnes, daughter of Bartholomew Owcntement of Sidestronde, 
one piece of land lying in the village of Schipeden. 

Dated at Schipeden the Saturday next after the feast of S* 
Gregory, 43 Ed. HI. 

Witnesses — Tho. dc Standon, Jno. Hestyng, Jas. the son of 
William, Jno. Thommys, — Brinyng, Thos. Perison, Roger 
Flemyng, and others. 

Charter 454. 

Edward Coolman of Gimmingham and Robert Brj'nyngg of 
Schipden demise and confirm to John Coolman of Schipden a 
messuage abutting on messuage formerly of Rob' Theobald — 
messuage of John Atte Wode of Sydestrond. 

Witnesses — John Hestyng, John Fymyl (Fyniyl or Fyniel? 
see Fines), W'^ Chapman, Bartholomew Everard, John Gyrlyng, 
and others. 

Dated at Schipden, 6 Januar>', 20 Rich. H. 



VARIOUS CHARTERS, ETC. Iv. 

Charter 455. 

John Cohnan of Schyppcdcn grants to \V™ Chapman of the same 
place, John Breton and Geoffry Sywhat of Babyngle a messuage 
in Schyppedcn (same as last). Witnesses — John Hestyng, John 
Fymyl (Fyniel?), Rich^ Crane, Barth^^^ Everard, John Gyrlyng, 
and others. 

Dated at Schyppeden on the day of S' ]\Iarcel. Martyr, 20 
Rich. II. 

Charter 456. 

Agnes, who was the wife of. Richard Kyrkcman of Schipden, 
grants to Richard Crane and Robert Heyles of the same, one 
piece of land in Schipden abuts on cottage of J 110. de Trunch. 
Witnesses— W"^ James, Rob' Catelyne, W"* Maryot, W"* Arnald, 
Tho. Bulwer, and others. 

Dated at Schipden on the feast of S' George the Mai-tyr, 12. 
Hen. IV. 



3 Jany, 37 James I. Charter by which Richard Bennet and 
William Bennet of Cromer, mariner son of Richard Bennet late of 
Cromer mariner dec^ grant to William Carter gent" all their right, 
&c., in a messuage late of their s'^ father and formerly of Robert 
Clarke dec"^ situate at Cromer between the common way on the W 
the sea shore on the E and abuts on the common way on the N 
and the sea shore on the S. Witnesses — W^m. Smyth, John 
Plattinge, ser\-ant to the said Wm. Carter, Eras. Collsty (?), and 
Walter Whitinge. [From Mr. Coim.an's collections.] 



13 Nov.^ 1700. Deed by which Nathaniel Smyth of Cromer, 
yeoman, conveys to Richd. Ellis of X. Repps, gent, and Wm. 
Smyth of Runton, yeoman, all his freeholds in Cromer, N. Repps, 
and Run(c)ton for one year, to enable them to take a grant or 
release by a deed to be dated the next day between Xathl. Smyth 
of the I pt s^ R. Ellis and T. Smyth of 2 pt and ?.Iargt. Burrows of 
N. Repps, spinster, one of the daughters of Richd. Burrows, late of 
Paston, gent., of the 3rd pt. [From Mr. Colman's collections.] 



Ivi. APPENDIX X. 



lo. Cromer |Jm; 1591. 

Bills, Answers, Etc., Exchequer, Elizabeth. 
Norfolk, No. 146. 

Term'o Pasche Anno xxxiij Reginc E. 

To the Rygl"it Honorable S^ Will'm Cecill Knighte Lorde 
Highe Tresurer of Englonde John Foscue Esquicr hur 
mat'^ chauncelor of the Exchequer S"" Roger IManwood 
Knighte Lord Chief Baron and others hur mat'" Barons 
of the Exchequer. 

In most humble wise sheweth unto your good honors your Daylye 
Orators the Inhabitants of the towne of Cromer w'^in the Countye 
of Norff. That wheras the Quenes ma''-^ the forthe daye of Julye 
in the xxiiij''' yeare of hur Highnes Reigne did by hur I'res 
patents under the greate scale of Englonde graunte unto the sayd 
Inhabitaunts license for the transportinge of twentye thousand 
quarters of wheate barlye & maulte for the mayntenancc of ther 
towne and towards the buildinge of an oulde decayed peere there, 
in w^*" sayd I'res patents one Thomas Baxter gent : was appointed 
to sell the sayde License for the best benefitte of the towne and 
the monye that he shoulde reccywe therof he to deliver the some 
to the Pcerercves such as the sayd Inhabitants shoulde yearelye 
choose accordinge to an auncicnt custome amongst them used, to 
be bestowed uppon the sayd peere and further that they the sayde 
peererevcs for the better furtheringe of the sayde woorke should 
make ther monthlyc accounte to the sayd Baxter and other the 
Inhabitants of the employment therof, w'^ this also that the sayd 
Baxter should at such tyme as the Lord Tresurer and the Lord of 
Leister thinke good deliver the sayd peerereves accompts to ther 
honors to th'cnde ther honors mighte understande howe the sayd 
monye should be bestowed that the overplus might rcmayne to 



CROMER TIER, ETC. Ivii. 

hur mat'«. Accordingc to the w"^ saydc I'rcs patents the sayd 
Baxter did sell the sayd license parte for readye money and other 
p'te for dayes w^^ monye as it did come into his hands he did 
deliver it to the pcerereves and that w-*^ was soulde for dayes he 
did take bondes in the name of one Robte Underwood nowe 
deceased and others bcinge Inhabitants of the sayd towne For 
that it doth appeare by the sayd Baxters accounts taken before 
S"" Wiil'm Heydon & others (beinge appointed by ther honors so 
to do) that div'se Somes of monye doe remayne in the handes of 
Emanuell Callyarde John Deynes, Wiil'm ]Myngye Joh'em Shanke 
Wiil'm Boshope (?) George Englond which have byn peerereves 
and who doth refuse to make payment therof And wheras it doth 
likewise appeare by the sayd Baxters accounts that the said 
Roberte Under^vood did by Indirecte meanes gett into his posses- 
sion to the value of fower hundred pounds w=^ he did never make 
payment of or bestowe uppon the sayd peere beinge for that 
purpose g},wen That it would please your good Honors to directe 
hur mat'" writte of subpcna as well to call before you the sayd 
Wiil'm Myngye John Deynes as also the sayd Emanuell Callyard 
and Margerye his wiffe executrix of the testament of the sayd 
Roberte Underwood into whose handes sufficient goods of the 
sayd Roberte Underwood be come as John Shank & Wiil'm 
Bishop (?) George Englond. That they make p'sent payment of 
such monye as they owe unto the sayd Towne and deliver into the 
handes of the sayd Inhabitants such bonds and billes w'^'' wer 
taken to the use of the sayd towne Or otherwise that they be 
compelled uppon ther answercs to enter into bonds to the use of 
hur ma'-* to answere such somes as upon the hearinge of the cause 
shalbe dulye proved they are indebted to the sayd Towne And 
your sayd Orators shall daylye praye to god for the p'servation of 
your honors in healthe longe to cotynewe.* 

fiat br' de sup* 

Robte Clarke. 



• There is a nearly illegible memoraTrlum on the left hand bottom of the skin, that 
the parties (?) are to appear and answer, &.c. 



2H 



Iviii. APPENDIX X. 

Tr : a" xxxiij'' 

The answer of Emanucll Callcrd deff to the untrcwe bill 
of compl' of the Inhabitants of Cromer Compl : 
The said defft saythc that it hatha be.q-n suldome scene any such 
bill of Compl' p'scwed by Inhabitants w'^out meaneinge some men 
in Certeyne But as the said bill is in suche disordered manyer (?) 
leyed so also is the materiall p'te theirof leyed and sett forthe in 
moste disordered manner and very Insufficient to charge the said 
defft or any other Howbeit that the declaracion in the said bill 
alledginge that it appeareth uppon the accompt that their is mony 
remayninge in the hands of this defi't is not sufficient matter to 
charge the said defft for that the said Baxter might impose mony 
uppon ia(n)other w"^ he hymselfe had And the said defft doth 
further saie that he was lately Pereive of the said Peire but he saye 
the (m-) that he did never receive above ij' for the same w'-'^out that 
it can appeare uppon ainy trewe accomp' of Baxter that their is 
any mony Remayninge or was in the hands of the said defft or 
that to the knowledge of the said defft their was lefte in the hands 
of the said Underwood yis but newly is alleged But it dothe 
appeare by a note of a Reconinge that he disbursed xx'' more then 
he Received \V*out y' that any other matter article or alligac'on 
sentence of or surmyse in the said Bill conteyned and not bcfor 
sufficiently confessed and avoyded traversed or not denyed as 

trewe all W^^ matters this deff: is reddie to & ,pve as this 

Cortc shall award and prayeth to be dismissed this Coorte w'^ his 
reasonable Costs & charges on his bchalfe wrongefullie susteyned. 
p'd Emanuell Callerd sacr'm su'u p'stitit corporalc' xxiiijo die 
Junii a° R'ni R'ne n're Elizabcthe xxxiij*" coram jud'e. 



Termio See' Trin Ano xxxiij'^''' Re"« E 

The Replicasion of the Inh'itans of the towne of Cromer 
Compl' to the untrew answer of Emanuel Calycrd def : 
Norff. The seyd Inh'itans for Replicasion further sayethe that 
trew it is that the Ouenes majestie the iiij'^ ycre of hur heyghnes 
Reignge dyd by hur lettres patents undre the great scale of Eng- 
lond graunt unto the scyd Inh'itans licence for the transportynge 
of xx"" quarters of wheat barlye mault &. yeast for the maynte- 
naunce of ther towne and towerds the byldynge of ane olde 



CROMER PIER, ETC. Hx. 

decayed pcare there And in the scyd Icttrcs patents on Thomas 
Baxter gent was appoynted to sell the seyd leyccnce fo the best 
bennfit of the townc And the monye that he shold Rcceyve 
therof he to dclevcr the same to the pearereves to be bestowed 
uppon the seyd peare And that thaye the seyd perereves for the 
better furtherynge of the seyd worke shold make ther monthlye 
account to the seyd Baxter and other the Inh'itans of the employ- 
ment therof. And the seyd Baxter to deliver the seyd pearereves 
account to the lorde tresurer and lorde of Lester to th'end ther 
honors myght undcrstande howe the sayd monye shold be bestowed 
According to the whiche seyd lettres patents the seyd Baxter dyd 
sell the seyd leycence p't for Redye monye and p't for dayes 
whiche monye as it dyd come in to his handes he dyd deliv' it to 
the pearereves And that which was sold for daycs he dyd take 
bondes in the name of on Rob' Undrewood now decessed and 
others beinge Inh'itans of the seyd towne to thuse of the seyed 
towne And further it doth appere by the seyd Baxter his 
accounts that divers somes of mony dothe Remayne in the hands 
of the seyd Emanuel Calyerd which was a perreve as allso that 
the seyd Rob^ Undrewood dyd gett in to his possession to the 
valewe of iiij^'' whiche as yctt was never Repayd or bestowed 
uppon the seyd peare for that purpose geven And that the goods 
of the sayd Underwood be come unto the hands of the seyd 
Emanuel Calyerd Wherfor thay praye as befor thay have prayed. 



Exchequer Depositions, 35 Elizb., Easter, 
No. 19, Norfolk. 

A reckon inge made by Robert Underwood gent, the IQ^*^ daye of 
January, A° dni, 15S7. 

To Thomas Baxter gent. 

Inpmis rcccyvcd of ^Ir. Vyolette 

of Lynne . . . Ixxxxv//. 

Itm receyved of :\rr. Sydny . C//. 

Itm receyved of ^Ir. Baxter at 

two sondry tymcs . . xvij//. 

Itm rccep-cd of Mr. Sydny more xvj//. 



Ix. 



ArPENDIX X. 



Itiii payd IMr. Bryerton for Mr. 

Curling's sute . 
Itiii payd to :\Ir. Burton bcinj 

preacher 
I tin payd for y*^ Justic^' dyct 
Itiii payd for the townc child 
Itiil payd y" Wyddowc Waterdone 

for achild 
Itm payd for :\Ir. Baxter, Mi 

Blowfyldc, S: mync at Norwidche 

I. Pagrave. 
Anthony Dethc. 



Whcarof Innmis payd to I\Ir. Shankc . xx//. 

Itfii payd to George Inglond . viijV/. 
Itni paid to Clement ffyshman . v//. 

Itm payd to John Bright . . xlijV/. 

Itm payd to John Owles . . xiij//. 

Itm payd to Thomas Dayncs 
Itiii payd to Edmond Empsonne . xxiijV/ 
Itill payd to Willra Myngaye . vijV, 
Itni more to Edmond Empsonne. xxxj// 
Itiii more to WllliTi I\Iyngaye . ix// 
Itni payd to Richeman for tymber xx//, 
Itin payd to Boult . 
Itin payd to Bridges at twise 
Itiii to Richard Bennet thcldcr 
Itin payd to ^Ir. Baxter at twyse 
I tin payd for my charges & Mr. 

Baxter's when we went to 

London 
Itin payd to Lou the 
Itiii payd for trymmyngc the ord 

nannc Wheels 
Itin more to John Bright , 
Itin payd Durrant the boone-setter 
Itm payd to Robert Sase . 
Itiii payd to W'illm Gymmynghm 
Itin payd Rye for ?.Ir. Gurlyng's sute 
Itin payd for y" rcturne of y'^ Jury 
Itin more to ^Ir. Shanke . 



lis. 

xU. 

xs. 

xs. 

xvji-. 

xs. 

x\s. 
Is. 



vli. 
Wi. 



ix//. 



XXXVJ. 

xxxs. 

xixj. 

xxxiiiji". 

iiijj. 

XXXJ. 

xxiiijV. 
iijV/. 

x//. 



iu]d. 



\]d. 



\\\s. \\\]d. 



vli. 






xli. 


v]s. 
xxs. 


viijV. 




viijj. 


vjV. 




viji-. 


VjV. 



CROMER PIER, ETC. Ixi. 

[The Document also contains the followhis heads :— ] 

1. Interrogatories to be ministered on behalf of John Blowfeild 

Inhabitant of the town of Cromer, Compl' against Emanuel 
Callow and Maryen his wife Defts. 

2. Ditto on behalf of Emanuel Callard gent. deft. v. said John 

Blowfeild Compl'. 

3. Depositions (taken at Rexham Co. Norf April 9'^ 35 Elizb. 

(1593) before John Pagrave, William Rug, Anthony Dethe, 
and Henry Dawbeney Esquires in behalf of the above) of 
Thomas Baxter of Cromer, aged 40 or thereabouts gent.,' 
Robert Cottrell of South Repps Co. Norf gent, aged 50. 

4. Depositions (taken at Cromer, 20'^ April 35 Elizb. 1593) before 

the said John Pagrave and Anthony Dethe, etc. of John 

Brighte of Cromer, Aged S3. 

Samuell Otes of South Reppes, Clerk, Aged 40, 

George Englande of Gressham Co. Norf. Yeoman, Aged 46. 

Robte Baylie of Foulsham Co. Norf. Yeoman, Aged 54- 



SHERRINGHAM PIER. 

The lamentable distresse of the fisshermen inhabitants of hir 
ma'^ Towne of Sheringham in the Countie of Norff. beinge 
the cheife m" yearly for Iseland fisshinge from whence 
cometh the best provision of Linge and Codfishe to the 
benefit of this Rcalme. 

First before thextreame rage of the Sea beatinge uppon that coast 
was partely intercepted by the erection of the Peere yet in hande 
many good houses and substantial! dwellings in the said Towne 
were washed awaie and swallowed up by the same Rage and no 
doubte the greatest parte of the same Towne had ere this ben 
utterly confounded by the Sea had not the said Peere in the 
profound consideration of hir ma''= and hir most honorable Coun- 
sell been begonne when it was. 

Also many fisshermen w^^ their Boates and furniture had since 
been caste awaie thercaboutes as in former tyme they yearly were 
had not the same Peere been begonne and followed to the passe 



Ixii. APrENDIX X. 

it is at which Pccrc if it were finished accordingc to the firste it 
wouldc not oncly dcfcnde the Towne and succo'' fisshcrmcn in- 
habitinge about the coast but also be a convenient safeguarde for 
many ships indaungered uppon the Coast in fowle weather. 

Towardcs w-^ wourke it pleased hir ma*'"= by thadvice of the 11 of 
hir Highncs said Counseill to gcve to certein Inhabitants of the 
seid Towne their Executors and assigncs all the forfeitures w=^ to 
hir Highness hir hcires or successors shoulde growe w'^'in the 
Counties of SulT. and Xorff. by meanes of a Statute made in the 
xxiiij'^ ycre of the raigne of King Henry the Eighte intituled an 
acte concerninge sowinge of flaxe and hempe w'^^ act was since 
confirmed and advanced by another acte made in the fivcth ycre 
of hir ma'* Raigne and since againe by Hir Higlines Proclamacion 
geven at Richmonde the xv'^ dale of Januarv- in the xxj'^ ycre of 
hir gracyous Raigne likewies ratified and c.>nfirmcd to have to the 
use aforesaid for the tcrme of Seaven yores from the date of hir 
highnes I'res pattent in that behalfe made bearlnge teste at Wcstm 
the xvj'^ daie of February in the xxv'*" yere of hir mat^ most happie 
raigne. 

By reason whearof and of the propre goods of the Townsmen 
spent uppon the said Peere theare hath been already bestowed 
uppon the buildinge thereof Two thousand poundes and beingc 
prosecuted w'^ effect will no doubte in tyme be made a very com- 
petent harborough or safctic to the Coast men and all other 
tradinge that waie and a soundc safctic to the Tovv-nc by the col- 
lections of hir ma'^ said guifte & contynuance of the said Act 
made for the sowinge of flax and hempe as aforesaid. 

Also by the contynewance of the said Act theare ariscth thies 
and a nombcr more commodities to this Realme firste many 
howsholders and others w^'^ otherwise shoulde be Idle are diversly 
sett on wourke and live very well by convertinge the hempe here 
growinge to sondrie commendable and profitable uses as well for 
clothe for husbands and their families as also for Traces and other 
necessaries fitt for husbandry. Also much and very good Taclinge 
Cordes Halfcrs [sic] Cables and other necessaries for navigacon 
are daily wraught by her mat* subjects in this Lande w'^ the said 
Hempe to the grcate benefitt of the subject Againe the goodnes 
of Englishc hempe is soch as a Cable or Roape of five ynches 
thearof made is farre better and will last much longer than a Cable 



CROMER PIER, ETC. IxUf. 

of scaven ynches made of anny forrcin hcmpe Likewles hempe 
growinge in Enj^lande is alwaies readie at hande and cannot be 
restrained in tymc of nccde by anny forrcin prince w"^ is no small 
commodity and yet a thinge w'^*' no doubte would decaie if the 
said Acte for sowinge flaxc and hempe shoulde be repealed for 
many men are geven to soch Idlenes as they rather respect ij*^ 
pry\'ate proffit w''"^ small labor then xij proffit to the common 
wealthe by such industrie as the sowinge of flaxe and hempe doth 
require albeit the chardge be like, the gayne their owne, and the 
Common wealthe onely profited w''* the use and weare thereof 
w*^'' argueth that if the Statute shoulde be repealed theare woulde 
be very little flax or hempe voluntarylie sowen w^^ somewhat 
evidentlie appcareth in Suff: and Norff : wheare the collection of 
hir mat* said graunte is made for most men theare rathir choose 
to paie some small composicon towards the Peere then to be tyed 
to the sowinge of flax or hempe accordinge to the Statute whearih 
every man is so freindly handled as no man hath nor shall have 
juste cause to complaine. 

Againe if they sowe hempe the Realme is benefited as aforesaid 
and the gaine of the labour is to the Sowers themselves w^^owt at 
all to the Peere. And if they sowe none the paine is but small 
and yet converted to the buildinge and maintenaunce of the Peere 
\v^h presageth safetie to your suppliants and universall benefit to 
the lande for thearby wilbe comfortable harborough or greate 
relief for them and all others when the wourke is finisshed and in 
the meane space poor men are sett on wourke in the erectinge 
thearof w^^ beinge finisshed will yealde further meanes of trade 
and wourke to every function. 

But if (as God forbid) the said Statute should be repealed 
whearby hir mat^ graunte shoulde abate and thearby the same 
wourkes shoulde not be prosecuted the whole chardge already 
bestowed were altogether lost and the trade of yor orators into 
Iselande overthrowne and many good mariners w'^^ those voyagies 
and other occasions thcarto incident make skilfull and very apte 
for navigacon cutte of to the greate detrymcnt of hir highnes sea 
services many waies w*^^ woulde be forseene. 

And if it be alledgcd that the Peere hetherto doth small good It 
is to be aunswered that till it be finisshed the wourke cannot be 



Ixiv. APPENDIX X. 

perfect* and why it is not finisshed is because so greate a wourke 
w^'^out a longer tyme be performed w'^ so small collections But 
beinge performed and nnisshed all the commodities aforesaid will 
consequently ensue. 

It male thearfore please yo' honors and worships to conclude the 
contynuance of the said Acte for the sowing of hempe and flaxe 
generally or if it maie not so be that yet neverthelesse Suff. and 
Norff. may be tyed theareto for the maintenaunce of hir mat' said 
guifte w^'* will conclude so greate a good to all men traffiquinge 
that waie and to their ships and loadings as thearby yo" orators 
and all others tastinge the bencfitte or safetie thereof shalbe 
bounde to praie for you. 

{Endorsed) 

To the righte honorable m"" Secretary Wolley one of hir 
mat^ privie counseill. 

Your distressed orators the Inhabitants of Sheringham 
and Beeston most humblie besechen yo"" honor to 
peruse th'articlcs w^^in written. 

* The truth of this must be generally admitted. 



CROMER WILLS. 



Ixv. 



II. fcmxr Wiilb. 



The following is a complete calendar of all the wills relating to 
this parish, proved at Xorwich, from the earliest time to a very 
recent date, of which the residence of the testator can be gleaned 
from the index books. 

From 1520 to 1548 registers Haywarde, Underwood, Whitefoote, 
and Germyn unluckily do not give the places, so ought to have 
been searched page by page, but the labour was too great 

Fortunately I am able to give several references from the 
L'Estrange and Norris MSS., but anyone specially interested in 
this period must wade through every page of the register. 

Norfolk Archdeaconry. 



John Mason 

John Sparke 

Thos. Pampyn 

Roger Pecok 

John Aldwyn 

John Sparke 

Thomas Custance 

John Powle 

William Brynnynge 

John Crose 

William Babrike 

John Miller 

Robert Chestanye 

Nicholas Cloyte 

Robert Draper 

Edward Paycock (Peacock) 

Robt. Hamond 



Book I (1484 — 97) 



fo. 2 
24 
34 
47 
55 
59 
64 
64 
81 

91 
91 
124 
160 
170 
181 
189 
199 



21 



Ixvi. 



APPENDIX XI. 



Kcginald rawkcncr H 


look 2 (1460—1509} 


to. 19 


Robert Simond (Camond ?) 


„ 


96 


Alice Hokar 


}t 


97 


Agnes Mason 




J98 


John Wright 


Book 3 (1501 — 7) 


fo. 12 


Thomas Bond 


^, 


19 


IMargaret Knights 


II 


22 


John :\Ionson 


J, 


75 


William Mude B 


:00k 4 (1459— 1487) 


fo. 37 


Thos. Pope 


11 


38 


Katherine Clements 


II 


72 


Agnes Warde, v/ife of Wm, 




86 


Wm. Somerton 




148 


Alice Barbor 


II 


289 


Nicholas Atwell 


II 


lOI 


Nicholas Bonde 


ji 


lOI 


Nicholas Hyndc 


II 


102 


John Cowpcr 


» 


100 and 103 


John Skilman 




104 


John Heyles 


1* 


131 


Robert Jakkison 


„ 


192 


John Roke 


II 


177 


John Jolly- 


„ 


212 


Bar thw. Molton 


II 


223 


John Parnell 


11 


262 


Margaret Skillman 


." 


270 


Wm. jMayson 


II 


270 


Wm. Rome 


»> 


277 


Wm. Kcttill 


H 


286 


Richard Hcmyng 


M 


294 


Constance Fawkner 


l» 


309 


Isabella Nightingale 


H 


309 


Margt Cooke 


•» 


375 


Clement Bond 


l> 


409 


William Attfene 


It 


423 


Katherine Rightwise 


l» 


402 


Richard Fenne 


II 


415 


Richard Fustowe 


>» 


444 


William Crowd (Crowdcr ?) 


Book 5 (1493-15 10) 


fo. 18 



CROMER WILLS. Ixvii. 



John Martin Book 5 

Thomas Hughson 

Alice Foster, wife of \Vm. 

Rich. Nytingale 

Nicholas Browne 

John Andrcwcs 

Rich. Cokks 

Henry Duglas 

Wm. Purte 

John Symonds 

John Rede 

Walter Strong 

Alice Stapull 

Margaret Spragger 

Katherine Wrighte 

Margaret Flegg 

Margaret Hert 

Katharine Wright 

William Barker 

Eliz. Porsor 

Henry Porsor 

John Chesman Book 

Adam Reed 

William Mason 

Robert Marten 

Edward Ditchebourne 

Robert Shelley 

Isabella Rowcll 

Simon Stephens 

Christ. Larkyn (Lerkin) 

William Bune 

William Fitchet 

Simon Taylour 

Ralph Fenne 

Clement Browne 

William Munds 

Clement Fysheman 

Katherine Mason Book 

John Camonde 



1493— 1 5 10) 


fo. 4 


II 


46 


„ 


67 


i» 


69 


i» 


76 


>» 


75 


>» 


99 


M 


105 


»» 


105 


(1500— 15 13) 


119 


„ 


125 


„ 


136 


(1500—13) 


148 


„ 


197 


» 


229 


» 


283 


H 


283 


» 


293 


» 


295 


„ 


310 


M 


310 


5(1515—23) 


fo. 6 


» 


S6 


>J 


lOI 


>» 


171 


>» 


207 


» 


233 


»» 


264 


n 


300 


n 


310 


»> 


319 


» 


340 


» 


354 


»> 


357 


»» 


358 


„ 


374 


„ 


384 


'(1518-25) 


fo. 53 


„ 


82 



IXVlll. 


APPEN 


DIX XI. 






John Woodrof 


Book 


7(i5iS- 


-25) 


fo. 128 


John Porrct 








162 


Katherinc Porrct 








163 


Gilbert Bennett 




»> 




233 


William Foster 




» 




233 


Thomas Olde 




1) 




234 


John Hixe 




>» 




237 


Thomas Growte 








243 


Kather. Hendringham 




» 




253 


Barth\y. ^Molton 








302 


John Welles 


Book £ 


1(1324—] 


^530 


fo. 7 


Thomas Welvyck 




„ 




39 


Robert Palmer 




» 




107 


Beatrice France 




>» 




160 


Wm. Fraunces 








216 


Edward Subbolde 




„ 




219 


Margaret Cokks 




J, 




243 


Richard Kente 




» 




248 


Thomas Crowde 








251 


John Brese 


Book 


9(1534- 


-40) 


15 


Richard Hawle 




1) 




45 


Peter Skotte 








172 


John Gostlyn (Gosclyn }', 




„ 




188 


Thomas Breese 


Book 


10 (1540- 


-2) 


fo. 93 


John Dante 




,, 




92 


Joan Howse 




» 




74 


Geoffrey Mendham 




» 




125 


Robert Dunston 




1) 




184 


Thomas BorcU 




>i 




252 


Robert Fyshman 




» 




260 


Thomas Borcll 




„ 




252 


John Berye 




„ 




296 


John Howse 


Book 


II (1542- 


-6) 


fo. 74 


Agnes Mangill 




,, 




247 


Christ. Chapman 




n 




377 


Robert Reeve, junr. 


Book 


12(1546- 


-9) 


fo. 342 


John Dawnce 




n 




164 


Thomas Bromc 




n 




(at end of book) 


Thomas Barker 




>» 




353 



( 


:romer wills. 


Ixix. 


Robert Ransom 


Book 12 (1546—9) 


fo. 326 


Wm. Goodarcl 


Book 13 (1550—2) 


fo. 34 


Henry Hacokc (Hawkc?) 




34 


MargL Brcse, widow 


,, 


113 


Richard Saars (Saycrs ?) 


»> 


141 


Margaret Endyson 


,j 


113 


John Payne 


» • 


387 


William Goodard 


Book 14(1553—5) 


fo. 3 


Nicholas Hynde 


>j 


146 


Richard Wylde 


»> 


185 


Margaret Brown 


,, 


203 


Simon Camforte 


» 


313 


John Barker 


Book 15 (1555-6) 


fo. 52 


Richard Crownde 




89(55?) 


Joan Griffin 


Book 16(1556—8) 


307 


Simon Daynes 


Book 17 (1557—8) 


fo. 61 


Margaret Hynde 


M 


144 


Thomas Olde 


„ 


234 


Robert Wadclowe (Waddi 


ilove ?) „ 


297 


John Bird 


„ 


298 


Nicholas Hindringham 


)> 


299 


John Applebye 


„ 


311 


William Magles 


» 


336 


John Blowfeild 


Book 18(1557—8) 


fo. 103 


John Comforthe 


„ 


445 


John Mayne 


<> 


462 


John Bradfield 


Book 19(1559) 


fo. 123 


Robert Marche 


„ 


163 


Wm. Blomefcild 


„ 


523 


John Buggc als. Bryden 


Book 20 (1560 — 2) 


fo. 90 


William Sadler 


Book 21 (1563—6) 


294 


John Munson 


„ 


361 


Joan Comforthe 


n 


363 


Henry Amys 


„ 


388 


John Williamson 


Book 22 (1567 — 9) 


3 


Agnes Wilde 


)» 


41 


Agnes Acres 


)> 


448 


Cecily Raunson 


Book 23 (1570—2) 


107 


William Kylbey 


»> 


228 



Ixx. APPENDIX XI. 

John Ufifet Book 24 (1572—3) 4 

Thomas Pylgrym » 7° 

William Preyter Book 25 ( 1574— 8) 1 28 

Robert Breysc „ 349 

William Pecocke „ 397 

Thomas Johnson Book 26 (1578— 80) i 

Alice Esvvoulde » 20 

Richard Fenne » ^7 

Richard Hovvse ,, 262 

Margt. Shortingc „ ' 263 

Thomas Thacku-cll „ 30i 

Agnes Maddy Book 27 (1580-2) 23 

William Dennys „ 204 

George Spilman „ 217 

Eliz. Fenne „ 272 

Richard Dennys Book 28 (1583— 5) fo. 237 

Katherine Dennys Book 30 (1588— 91) fo. 310 

Cecily Sadler Book 31 (i 591— 4) ^O- 63 

Thos. Fyshc, senr. „ 521 

Thos. ^larys „ 5^3 

Wm. Webster „ 611 

John Whitbie Book 32 (1595— 6) fo. 42 

Richard Appleby Book 33 (1597—8) fo. 7Z 

Margt. Daynes „ 95 

Margery Christmas „ 96 

Robert Springald „ 217 

Grace Dobbe „ 286 

John Hinsby „ 32 

Christ. Warde „ 157 

Wm. Warde „ 292 

Thos. Thompson Book 34 (1599— 160 1) fo. 345 

Richard Lowe „ 389 

Henry Bockinge „ 530 

William Rye Book 35 (1602—3) fo. 386 

Jane Andrews Book 36 (1604—6) fo. 49 

Wm. Packman „ 88 

John Springold „ 237 

Cecily Goldsborowe „ 335 

Robert Scar 37 (161 2— 3) 213 





CROMER ^VILL3. 


Ixxi. 


Thos. Sadler 


(1616) 


32 


Robert Ransomc 


37(1618) 


98 


Anne Richardson 


37(1619) 


102 


John Slape 


37 (1627) 


29 


John Springald 


Book 36 (1604—6) 


fo. 237 


William Amys 


Book 37 (1607—9) 


fo. 132 


Emanuel Callard 


37 


153 


Richard Love 


37 (1607) 


207 


Edw. Marriney 


37 (1616) 


45 


John Newman 


37 (1623) 


46 


Mary Newman 


37 (1626) 


70 


Nicholas Bacon 


Book for 1 616 


112 


William Bocking 


1620 


121 


Thomas Harmer 


1624 


II 


Margaret Kimball 


1627 


79 


William Sadler 


1625 


108 


Henry Tyler 


1610 


27 


Catherine Wright 


1617 


23 


Richard Bennct 


1622 


83 


Stephen Cooke 


1630 


92 


William Willowby 


1630 


37 


Robert Richardson 


1631— 2 


163 


Catherine Fish 


1631 


95—128 


Joan Harmer 


1633 


33 


Robert Evered 


1635 


57 


George Mean 


1636 


15—195 


Robert Smith 


1637 


81 


John Spillman 


1649 


29 


Robert Paine 


166 1 


141 


Robert Paine 


1661 


230 


Robert Payne 


1669 


191 


Clement Mangles 


1673 


165 p. 374 


Robert Hill 


1674 


34 P- ^7^ 


John Harmer 


1674 


94 p. 86 


John Miller 


1674 


33 P- 225 


Robert Maris 


1679 


235 


John Wilson 


1685 


5 


John Frary 


1686 


48 


Mary Sace 


1686 


7 



Ixxii. 


APPENDIX XL 




John RIvett 


Book for 16S9 


69 


Richard Bennett 


1691 


42 


John Walden 


1696 


94(128) 


Thomas Dawson 


1697 


83 


Edward Rye 


1698—9 


38 


Robert Copland 


1701 


113 


Christopher Payne 


1704 


13 


Katherine Copland 


1705 


28 


Nicholas Frary 


1706 


68 


John Payne 


1706 


fo. 131 


Margaret Todd 


1706 


107 


Wm. Webster 


1710 


65 


Edward Rye 


1711 


96 


Robert Richardson 


1711 


159 


Edward Rye 


1713— 4 


67 


Richard Ransomc 


1715— 6 


212 


Robert Rivett 


1715— 6 


80 


John Todd 


171S— 6 


63 


Cicely Xewland 


1717-8 


182(173?) 


Thos. Rye 


1721—3 


219 


Anna Howse 


1724—6 


33 


Nathaniel Smith 


1724—6 


230 


Thomas Platen 


1727 


134 


John Pye 


1727 


206 


Mary Hammon 


1729—30 


209 


John Miller 


1736—7 


no 


Richard Copland 


1738—9 


103 


James Willamont 


1738—9 


71 


Rich. Bennett 


1742 


8 


John Goate 


1746—8 


138 


William Riches 


1746—8 


240 


Mary Payne 


1746—8 


191 


Robert Webb 


1746— 8 


232 


John Frarey 


1749—50 


8 


Amy Whall 


1751— 3 


43 


John Hurst 


1754—5 


74 


Ann Marshall, a wife's 


will, no 




personality 


1758—9 


129 


Ann Willament 


1760— I 


667 





CROMER WILLS. 




Ixxiu. 


John Pearson 


Book for 


1764- 


-5 


29 


Thos. Paul 




1764- 


-5 


88 


John Webb 




1764- 


-5 


211 


John Wyndham, Esq. 




1764- 


-5 


214 


Hannah Harvey 




1767 




38 


Tr>'phene Cubitt 




1768 




II 


Anthony Ditchell 




1769 




20 


William Goate 




1773 




62—70 


William Howes 




1773 




fo. 13 — 261 


Philip Hook 




1773 




32 (278) 


Christopher Todd 




1774 




27 


Eliz. Pank 




1774 




73 (69) 


Eliz. wife of John Pank 




1779 




82 (99) 


Philip Allen 




1780 




61 (206) 


Amys wife of Robert Plumbly 


1780 




19(155) 


John Taylor 




1783 




5 (sent to Prerog.) 




Consistory. 






Sir Edmund de Ufiford 


1374 


Haydon fo, 45b 


Lawrence Draper 


1382 


Harsyk 


fo. 199b and 291a 


John Gosselyn 


138S 




n 




Simon Chylde 


1391 




» 


fo. 155 


John Gr>-m, chaplain 


139(S 




» 


fo. 235 


John Hermere 


1402 




» 


fo. 291 


William Tvlannisfeld (M 


anmysfcld) 


Hyrn 


ing 


I4I6 — 27 117 


Robert Byshop 








fo. 151a — [Norris] 


Clement Attewood 


Surflete 




142 


6—36 43 


Geoffrey Keke 


» 






42a 


John Frankon 


n 






28 


Margaret Catelyn 


J» 






80 


William Salman 


» 






173 


Robert Harsyk 


„ 






I3a(adm5n) 


Richard Mileham 


Doke 




1436—44 21 


John Cavcrard (Everard 


?) 






89 


William Boydon 


Wilby 




1444—8 96 


Simon Fawkener 


Aleyn 




1448-55 34 


Simon Norman 


» 






„ 2a and b 

2K 



Ixxiv. 


APPENDIX XI. 








Geoffrey Gamlnscwcyn 






fo. 


1 6b 


Richd. Rudde 






fo. 


146a 


John Fctche 


Aleyn 


1448—55 




161 


John Blofeld 


J, 


»> 




203 


Wilh'am WcIIe 


„ 


» 




204 


Agnes Frerye 


» 




(admon) 


Simon Norman 


„ 


» 


(ad 


mon) 


Roger Catcsson 


Brosiard 


1454—65 




166 


John Welle 


„ 


ji 




176 


Joan Note 








289b 


Richard Elingham 


Cobald 


1465—8 




41 


William Fynne 


11 


n 




40 


Robert Grubbc 


» 






40 


John Maggis 




n 




39 


William Stronge 


» 


)} 




82 


Robert Hayles 


Jekkys 


1464—72 




23b 


Wm. Barker 


>» 


If 




71b 


Thomas Tu gge 


» 


1) 




80 


William FIcgge 


» 


. . >» 




105 


Robert Brennard (Bremand ?) „ 






167 


Nicholas Kaye 


» 


i> 




199 


Edward Warde 


„ 






187 


Richard Aleyn(s) 


,, 


»» 




266 


Catherine widow of Richard Childe 






269 


William Hokcr 


Gilberd 


1472—7 




25 


Richard Arnold ar. 


Gelour 


1472—9 




6 


Roger Rcedc 


» 






170 


John Alcyns 


Caston 


1479—87 




91 


Nicholas Heninge 


» 






143 


Matilda Coze 


>» 


)? 




162 


Margaret Penned 


» 


» 




325 


John Bell 


Awbrye 


1479—93 




29 


Henry Borell 


>» 


» 




46a 


Richard Alyston 


» 


„ 




54 


William Archer 


» 


„ 54 of Cromer 


John Bond als. Bone 


>» 


„ 




53 


John Norfolke 


„ 


»» 




53 


Thomas Pccoke 


)« 






56 


Edward Thornham 




„ 




53 



CROMER WILLS. 




Ixxv. 


Richard Brandon 


Norman 


1486—92 21 


[Noted 






N. E. 


. P- 194] 


Robert Hert 


,, 


» 


9 


Kath. w**. of Roger (?) Rede 


- (> 




15 


Thomas Sautre 


,, 


>j 


9 


Alice Hoker 


Wolman 


1488—96 


237 


Robert Haylys 


Multon 


1495— 1515 


64 


Robert Strongc 


Sayve 


1498—9 


9 


Thomas Alulton 


j» 


>» 


40 


John Hunt 


Wighte 


1499—1500 


47 


John Spincke (Spynk; 


Cage 


1500 


188 


R. Brese 


„ 


» 


207 


William Alison 


Popye 


1501— 4 


334 


Henry Gamilgey 


„ 


„ 


370 


Isabel ^vlason 


„ 


» 


243 


Walter Bright 


Rix 


1504—7 


67 


Robert Ball 


» 


>» 


99 


Robert Wardc 


>» 


» 


114 


John Wardc 


„ 


»» 


114 


Andrew Wawys 


„ 


„ 


205 


Simon Fawkner 


Spiltimber 


1507—10 


2 


William. Moulton 


Johnson 


1 5 10— 3 


66 


Thomas Makke 


Moulton 


1495—1515 


66 


Thos. Multon 


Johnson 


1510— 1513 


66a 


John Anderson 


Coffinger 


1513—20 


146 


Henry Shell 


» 


„ 


145 


Thomas Bradfcild 


Gyles 


1 5 17— 8 


128 


Roger Fyope 


Alablaster 


1520—3 


31 


Nicholas Fawkencr 


>» 


» 


159 


Thomas Bradfeldc 


Pal grave 


1517—30 


209 


Agnes IMulton 


„ 


II 


51 






[Noted N. 


E., 194] 


John Smythe 


» 


1517—30 


217 


Thomas Warner 


» 


„ 


141 


Agnes White 


» 


„ 


207 


Hugh Overman 


Grunsburgh 


1524—6 


45 


Agnes jMowlton (Multon) 


Attmer 


1528—46 


283 


John Preter 


Platfoote 


1533—5 


97 


Cecily Barker 


Daynes 


1535—48 


73 



Ixxvi. 

Richard Blofyld 

Robert Clarke 

David Johnson 

Thomas Hutton 

The. Tompson als. Barker 

John Spilman 

Robert Ruston 

Johanna Spilman 

Eliz. Thomson als. Barker 

William Miller 

Thomas Robkin 

William Colbecke 

Isabella Cloyte 

Robert Blofild 

John England 

Thomas iNlaveman 

Robert Underwood, gen, 

Thomas Daynes 

John Pye als. Shipden 

Richard Bcnnet 

Wm. Richardson als. Riches 

Thomas Fishman 

Henry Kymball 

Eliz. Chapman 

James Underwood 

John Thetford 

Thomas Rcymes 

Ann I\Iatchett 

Andrew IMarsyc 

John Bennett 

Thomas Bans 

Lancelott Feazer 

Robert Thrower 

Ellen Bushe 

Jeremy Baron (Bacon ?) 

Martha Payne 

William Mordew 

Joan Mordew 

Richard Dev 



APPENDIX XI. 










Daynes 


1535- 


-40 




248b 


» 


I) 






232 


» 


„ 






186 


V/ymer 


1547- 


-9 




346 


Wclman 


1549- 


-50 




18 


Coraunte 


1550- 


-I 




19 


» 


„ 






2CC 


Walpoolc 


1554- 


~5 




112 


Bcccles 


1555 






100 


Veysey 


1558 






165 
227 


Knights 


1563- 


-4 




131 


Martyn 


1564- 


-5 




192 


Ponder 


1568- 


-9 




86 


Woodstocke 


1578—9 




30 


Mower 


1584 






43 


Howes 


1587- 


-8 




205 


Flack 


1589- 


-90 




512 


Andrewes 


1591 






125 


Fade 


1597 






25 


; Peck 


1599 






182 


London 


1605 
1626 






129 

468 




1627 


no 


numbers 


Pergall 


163 1 

1633 
1636 

1639 

n 
1642 
165 1 

n 

» 
1660 
1661 
1674 
1676 
1680 




>» 


40 
II 

41 

164 

435 

64 

255 

177 




1700— 


■I 


3 (247) 





CROMER WILLS. 




Ixxvii. 


William Ashmorc cicr. 




1712— 3 


213(162) 


Henry Overton 


File 2c6 


Book 296 


1720 


Martha Payne 


20S 


299 


„ 


Mathew Panke 


41 


40 


1722 


Vincent Carter 


6 


4 


1723 


John Frary 


229 


155 


„ 


Frances Pank 


30 


37 


1731 


Nicholas Whall 


40 


29 


1732 


Clement Atcheson 


2 


I 


1733 


Dianna Atcheson 


30 


34 




Richard Thompson 


4 


2 


„ 


Ann Tompson 


165 


16S 


1735 


William Cook 


37 


28 


^71^ 


William Killington 


106 


98 


„ 


Ann Plattin 


69 


89 


1739 


James Pearson 


86 


109 


» 


Ann Payne 


156 


200 


„ 


Robert IMangles 


105 


108 


1748 


Ann Barney 


91 


73 


1750 


Edward Stagcman 


138 


193 


1751 


Eliz. Miller wife of John 


105 


125 


1752 


John Sussin 


146 


256 


1753 


Martha Goatc 


40 


76 


1759 


Robert Allen 


53 


104 


1760 


Benj. Leak 


70 


96 


1774 


William James 


83 


112 


1779 


Eliz. Corke 


48 


77 


17S6 


Sidney Terry 


47 


86 


1796 



Ixxviii. APPENDIX XII. 



12. ^bmiiusiratians. 



The following are all Cromer and Shipdcn in this period. 

1549, 12 Oct. Glover Robert to Walter Glover (no relation given). 
1577, 16 Sept. Ferryman John to Margaret, relict. 

J579» 13 ^'ov. Neivman Cecily to Ambrose Brome, next of kin. 
'57l» 25 Sept. Sadler Richard to Joan, relict. 

1582, 15 Sept. Shay ]o\m to }.Iargerie, relict. 

1 581, 10 April. Ne-ajmari John to William, his brother, 

1583, 22 Sept. Boyse Alargaret to John Boysc and Catherine 

Payne, next of kin. 
1586, 16 Feb. SJiortinge ]\Iargaret to Robert Munson, her son. 
1586, 16 IMar. Eger Agnes to Tho. Ixforthe nephew and next 

of kin. 
1589, 31 May. Daynes John to Joan, relict. 

1589, 22 April. Ferryman to Tho. Kylbie, next of kin. 

1590, 22 Sept. Betts John to Thomas Rooke, of Paston, kinsman. 

1591, 28 March. Munson William to Joan, relict. 
1593. 14 Jan. CannelL Thomas to Katherine, relict. 

1593, 27 Feb. Comforte Richard to Margaret, relict. 

1594, 28 Sept. Christmas Edmund to jMargerie, relict 
1594, 28 Aug. Adkyns Agnes to William Ward, son in law. 
1594, 23 Nov. Amys alias Johnson , widow, to William and 

Thomas Amys, her sons. 
1597, 20 Dec. Appleby Richard, goods unadm. by Cecily his 
executrix, to Elizabeth Chapman, alias x\ppleby, next of 
kin. 

1597, 6 June. Pyckeringe William to Frances, r^Iargaret, Elizabeth, 

and Jane, daughters, 

1598, I Feb. Richardson William to Anne, relict. 

1598, 6 Nov. Ozi'les Edmund, of Cromer alias Shipden, to Eliza- 
beth, relict. 
1601, 13 Jan. Szi'an Oliver to Beatrice, relict. 



ADMINISTRATIONS. Ixxix. 

1603, 14 Nov. Short Arthur to Alice, relict. 

1603, 14 Dec. Rye William, goods left unadministcred. 

1606, 26 May. Wcctingc John to Agnes, relict. 

1606, 15 July. Picrdy Emma, widow, to Agnes Purdy, her 

daughter, singlewoman. 

1607, 7 Aug. Peter William to Agnes, relict. 

1608, 6 June. Sare Jane, widow, to ^largaret Bucksher, widow. 
l6ii, 16 Dec. Fishinan Thomas to Emma, relict. 

16 1 2, 23 June. Fis/i Richard to Agnes, relict. 
1612,15 Feb. Brozvne Edward to Alice, relict. 

161 3, 20 April. Packman Agnes to Dionisia Le alias Packman 

and Margerie Packman, her daughters. 
1613, 9 Nov. Chapman Thomas to Elizabeth, relict. 
1615, 15 June. Cooper ]o\\Vl to Elizabeth, relict. 

161 5, 13 Oct Watson Lancelot, of Cromer alias Shipden, to 

Elizabeth, relict. 

1616, 6 July, Marryner Robert to Katherine, relict. 

1617, 19 Dec, Masse Andrew to , relict. 



Admon. Consistory, 4 Nov., 1571. John Vynysher, oi Cromer, to 
Alice, relict — appeared by her proctor, Richard Fenne, of 
Cromer. 

9 April, 1572, Edmund Love, oi Cromer alias Shipden, cited for 
contumacy in not appearing at suit of William Bacon, of 
Cromer, for defamation, 

Admon, Consistory, 23 Jan., 1574. William Prater, of Cromer 
alias Shipden, to Robert Prater, the son. 

Admon. Consis., 27 Jan., 1573. Agnes WiUe, of Cromer (unad- 
ministcred by Walter Wylde, her executor), to Robert 
Wilde, next of kin, Joan Wilde renouncing. 

Admon. Consis., 7 Dec, 1574. Nicholas God/rje, of Cromer, to 
Agnes, relict. 
(mem, vacat, because Prerogative Court granted admon.) 

In Consist Rcgr., Aleyn, 9 July, 1453, William Atteu.>ell, of 
Shipden, admon to Simon Gerard, of Runton, and Wm. 
Pelle, of Rowghton, under the supcr\-ision of Geoffrey 
Gamyeweye, vicar of Shipden. 

Jacobus Hardyman, 22 Aug, 1552, to William, his brother, and 
Katherine, wife of John Swanton, his sister. 



IXXX. APPENDIX XII. 

Walter Glover, ii Jan., 1552, to Cecily, wife of Thomas rvlagun, his 

sister. (Robert :\Ius\vhytc, of Cromer, procurator.) 
Johanna Barker, 16 April, 1555, to John Barker, person, 
Admon. Consist., 14 Feb. 156S. William Wilde, of Cromer, to 

John, his son, and Wilh'am Warde. 
Admon. Consist, 12 Feb., 1567, and repeated 30 I^.Iarch, 1568. 

Gregory Smith, of Cromer, to ]\Iargery, his relict. 
Admon. Consist, 7 Oct., 1566. William Arnolde, of Cromer, to 

William, his son. 
Admon. Conist, 15 Feb., 1575, Jacobus Appelbie, of Cromer, to 

Elizabeth Appelbie, the sister (by Thomas Jenkins, of 

Cromer, her proctor). 
Admon. Consist, 5 April, 1578. John Haj-loixje clerk, vicar of 

Cromer, to William Arnoldc, jnr., of Binham. 
Admon. Consist, 26 March, 157S. Alice Hilder, of Cromer, 

widow, to Alice Tutlye, prox^ consang^ 
Admon. Consist, 24 Sept, 1571. Agnes Lambe, of Cromer, to 

Prudence, wife of Henry Drorgc, daughter of deceased. 
Bycroft Avice, widow, 21 Nov., 1612, to — Sace, of Cromer, 

nephew. 
Powle George, of Cromer alias Shipdham, 26 Oct, 1616, to Andrew 

Carr, a creditor. 
Payne Christopher, 7 Oct, 1623, to John, his son. 
Goddard Robert 23 Dec, 1561, to Robert Goddard, Thomas 

Deyns, Simon Deynes, and IMargaret Deynes. 



MARRIAGE LICENSES. Ixxxi. 



13- |Hiran:c]:e ^"iatrscs- 



Marr. lie, Bp. of Norwich, 9 ^lay, 1564. John Dobbes, of Blakeney, 

and Grace Colbcck, of Cromer, at Blakenc}-. 
Marr. lie, Bp. of Norwich, 31 July, 1570. John Thompson, of 

Horstead, and Rachel Tabbe, of Cromer, at Wickmere. 
Marr. lie, 17 July, 1571, Bp. of Norwich. Henr\' Nicholas, rector 

of Gunthorp, and Anne Reymes, of Cromer. 
Marr. lie, Bp. of Norwich, 1 1 Jan, 1571. John Biou'e/dd, of Cromer, 

and Mary Grcne, of Knapton. 
Marr. lie, Bp. of Norwich, 9 ?^Iarch, 1571. Christr. A^eve, of 

Cromer, and Mary Darbye, of Necton, at St. Giles', 

Norwich. 
Marr. lie, Bp. of Norwich, 31 July, 1572. Nicholas Hazvard, of 

Cromer, gent, and Margaret Baxter, of Great Snoring. 
Marr. lie, Bp. of Norwich, 2 July, 1575. Matthew Atkynson and 

Agnes Godfrey, of Cromer, at Cromer. 
Mar. lie, Bp. of Norwich, 20 Oct., 1582. Henry Hydes, of Eccles, 

Suffolk^ yeoman, and Katherine Chambers, of Cromer, 

widow. 
Mar. lie, Bp. of Norwich, 27 Jan., 158*. John Whittbie, of 

Cromer, sailor, and Cecily Ellwyn of the same, widow. 
Mar. lie, Bp. of Norwich, 19 Jan., 1586. Robert Swanne, of 

Cromer, miller, and Aviary Sterne of the same, spinster ; 

Robert Swanne, sen., of Blickling, tailor, and the above 

Robert Swanne, jnr., were bondsmen. 
Above are the only Cromer names in Marriage Licenses from i 

Aug., 1581, to 19 March, 15S8. 



2L 



Ixxxii. APPENDIX XIV 



14. ©be C)rnitb0lo0n, 6colag!), nnb |jot3;n2 
of Cromer. 



I. ON ORNITHOLOGY. 

By J. H. GURXEY, jiin., Monher of the BrUish Ornithologists Union. 

Most of our common British land-birds arc found in the neigh- 
bourhood of Cromer, if not actually in the parish. In the woods 
on the hills the Nightjar is common in summer, and near the G. E. 
railway station, there always are in the summer a pair or two of 
Red-backed Shrikes. Sand Martins nest in the cliffs, and Swifts 
in the church steeple : Swallows and Martins, everybody's favour- 
ites, abound in summer ; but the Nightingale is not so common as 
further inland, and the Cuckoo is, comparatively speaking, rare. 

The town of Cromer is in one of the best positions in England 
for observing the autumnal migration of birds from Scandinavia 
to this country. At the end of August Redstarts and Wheatears 
begin to arrive, followed in September by Whitcthroats, Whinchats, 
Willow Warblers, &c. ; but these are, as it were, but the heralds of 
the main part of the army which comes across the sea and finds 
safety on our shores in October and November, consisting of Sky- 
larks, Grey Crows, Rooks, Thrushes, Redwings, Fieldfares, Wood- 
cocks, S:c., with a good many Hawks and Owls, and a sprinkling 
of Buzzards and other large birds of prey. Occasionally a great 
rarity turns up, such as a Scop's Owl, Scops Gin, or Tengmalm's 
Owl, Nyctala taiginaliii, and dashes itself against the lighthouse, 
or attracted by its fatal rays flutters round the panes of glass until 
caught. Some of the lighthouse-keepers, who have at difterent 
times been stationed at Cromer, have curious stories to tell of 



ORNITHOLOGY. Ixxxiii. 

misty nights, when bewildered migrants, which had lost their way, 
swarmed round the lantern until they almost obscured its light 

In October, 1 871, as the Principal of the Lighthouse satin his 
lantern-turret, he heard two birds strike the glass about two a.m. ; 
they proved to be Starlings, and from that time a continual stream 
of Larks and Starlings kept coming until five o'clock, allowing 
themselves to be caught by hand/nils. There was little wind, but 
what little there was came from the north, from which direction 
they seemed to come. We had another very similar scene in 
October, 1S74, when 724 Starlings, 151 Skylarks, i Blackbird, and 
5 Thrushes were caught in two consecutive nights. 

It is, however, an undoubted fact that when there is wind, birds 
fly against it, and this is nowhere better exemplified than by the 
Gulls at Cromer. Day after day in the autumn, they may be seen 
wending their way past the town, and if the wind is from the west, 
as it generally is at that time of the year, the Gulls are sure to be 
going west. 

Now and then a gale comes, and multitudes are to be seen 
struggling against it, hugging the shore, and even flying over the 
lighthouse hills. 

A cursory examination will show that they are chiefly Lesser 
Black-backed Gulls and Herring Gulls, v.-ith now and then a few 
other sorts. By standing at the end of Cromer jetty, with a pair 
of binoculars, Glaucous Gulls may occasionally be identified by 
their creamy appearance, and Skuas of three species by their 
blackness, as contrasted with the Gulls, but all going in the same 
direction. 

I took the trouble one day in October to stand on the shore and 
count how many passed, and in two hours by my watch, com- 
mencing at 3.20 p.m., 750 Gulls passed all close in shore, and 
flying against the wind in the direction of Blakeney. When I left 
the shore at 5.20, the flocks were passing as steadily as ever, and 
every flock took exactly the same course. 

Other rarities which have visited Cromer, or been killed within a 
very short distance of it, are the Sea Eagle (twice), Waxwing, 
Hoopoe, Sand Grouse, Stork, Storm Petrel, Caspian Tern (?), the 
Shag, and Velvet Scoter ; and among species of less note may be 
mentioned the Gannet and Guillemot — which are sometimes 
washed up after storms — the Bridled Guillemot (once), the Razor- 



Ixxxiv. APPENDIX XIV. 

bill, and the Great Crested Grebe, as well as eight species of Gulls, 
and the Red-throated Diver, or " Sprat-loon," as it is sometimes 
called by fishermen. 

Further particulars of some of these are to be found in the pages 
of the transactions of the Norwich Naturalists' Society (Fletcher 
and Son), and in the " Zoologist," and in the " Birds of Norfolk," 
of which the third volume is now in the press, under the editorship 
of Mr. T. Southwell. 



2. THE GEOLOGY. 

By CLEMENT RE ID, F.L.S., F.G.S. 



Space will not allow us to give a full account of the Geology of 
Cromer ; but certain portions of the strata are of such exceptional 
interest, that the geology cannot be overlooked in any work pro- 
fessing to describe the district. Cromer is of such importance in 
the study of certain comparatively recent chapters in the ancient 
history of the earth, that its cliffs will be found alluded to in every 
geological manual. 

The foundation rock is everywhere Chalk. This occupies part 
of the low cliff at Weybourn and Shcrringham, but sinks beneath 
the sea-level at Cromer, and at r\Iundcsley is at least 30 feet down. 
Immediately above the Chalk are found alternations of freshwater, 
estuarine, and shore deposits known as the Crag and Cromer 
Forest-bed. Then follows a thick mass of contorted beds, full of 
far-transported erratic blocks, brought together during the Glacial 
Epoch. These are piled to a height of 200 or 250 feet above the 
Chalk; hills and valleys have been cut out of them, and it is to the 
glacial deposits that the picturesqucness of the scenery near 
Cromer is due. 

Tabulated, the beds seen on tlie coast near Cromer may be 
represented thus : — 

Alluvium (recent and pre-historic). 

Valley Gravels (with Palaeolithic implements and bones of 
Mammoth). 



THE GEOLOGY. Ixxxv. 

Glacial Deposits. 

Forest-bed Scries. 

Wcybourn Crag. 

Chalk. 

Of these it will only be necessary to describe the beds for which 
Cromer is so famous — the Glacial Deposits and the Cromer Forest- 
bed.* 

When storms scour away the beach, and remove the rubbish 
which accumulates at the foot of the soft, rapidly wasting cliff, 
bones of very large mammals are often found. These are im- 
bedded in laminated clays, sands, and gravel, evidently the deposit 
of an ancient estuary, for, mixed with the bones, is much drift wood 
and an occasional seam of mussels. In other places lacustrine 
clays are seen, full of freshwater shells, seeds, and teeth of pike 
and scales of perch. Occasionally one even finds ancient vegetable 
soils, in which roots can still be traced. The whole of these old 
deposits — older than any of the hills near Cromer — are commonly 
known as the Cromer Forest-bed, though the name is not a very 
appropriate one. 

Of late years the fossils of the Cromer Forest-bed have been 
very carefully collected and studied, so that we can now form a 
very good idea of its natural history. One of the first things that 
strikes us is the abundance of large game in Norfolk at this period. 
We find the bones of three species of elephant and two of rhinoce- 
ros, all now extinct ; a hippopotamus, like that now inhabiting the 
rivers of Africa ; more than a dozen species of deer, all extinct 
except one or two ; two species of horse, one of which is extinct ; 
the bison, apparently the same as that still lingering in Europe ; a 
sheep, or " ]\Iouflon," different from any known elsewhere ; the 
beaver ; and a gigantic extinct beaver, which seems at one time 
also to have inhabited the shores of the Caspian Sea. Mixed with 
these are occasional bones of the carnivora, though they are com- 
paratively rare. We find the bear, h>-2na, sabre-toothed tiger 
i^Machacrodns), wolf, and wolverine. Besides this there are nume- 
rous small mammals, most of which, though not all, are still living. 
Bones of the walrus, seal, narwhal, dolphin, and several large 
whales have also been found in the mud of this ancient estuary. 

• A full account of the geolo^ of Cromer will be SDund in the "Memoirs of the 
Geological Survey— Geology of Cromer" (1SS2). 



Ixxxvi. APPENDIX XIV. 

At first we should be inclined to imagine that all these larje 
animals must have needed a tropical climate. But the trees 
associated with them are nearly all such as now live in Norfolk, 
and the few not found in Norfolk live in similar latitudes on the 
Continent. There is the oak, beech, elm, hazel, alder, birch, 
willow, hornbeam, Scotch pine, and spruce. Amonc^ the herba- 
ceous plants, aquatic species, as we should expect, are the best 
represented. They also are familiar Norfolk plants, the principal 
exception being the water chestnut ( Trapa natans), a very curious 
and conspicuous plant still lingering? in the south of Sweden. 

After the close of the Forest-bed period the climate became 
colder, till the whole country was wrapped under a sheet of ice and 
snow, as Greenland is at the present day. The increase of the 
cold seems to have exterminated most of the large animals, many 
of which could probably neither adapt themselves to the changed 
conditions, nor escape to a more genial climate. h\. any rate a 
large number of them have not yet been found in anymore modern 
deposit than the Cromer Forest-bed. The gradual incoming of 
the Glacial Epoch is very interesting to trace, but to condense the 
history of periods reaching to many thousands of years into a feu- 
lines is an impossible task, and we must pass on. 

As we continue our exploration of the cliffs, we find lying be- 
tween the Forest-bed and the confused mass of glacial deposits, a 
bed, in which the incoming of an Arctic climate before the country 
was actually buried under ice and snow can be clearly traced. 
Here and there in this bed patches of clay with fossil leaves have 
been found. One was seen at Beeston, and another immediately 
north of Mundesley. This bed might be thought merely to be 
part of the Forest-bed. But when it is carefully examined, one is 
struck by the entire absence of any trace of forest trees in it. The 
leaves it contains all belong to the Arctic willow {Salix polaris) 
and Arctic birch {Betnla nana), both dwarf shrubs a few inches 
high, which clothe the bleak wastes within the Arctic circle. 

Anyone examining the coast near Cromer, cannot fail to be 
struck by the extraordinary want of regularity in the beds seen in 
the cliff. Everything is contorted, twisted, and mixed, in what not 
many years since .seemed to be a most inexplicable fashion. In 
one place one sees a mass of Boulder Clay — unstratified clay, full 
of angular stones and fragments of chalk. In another there is a 



THE GEOLOGY. Ixxxvii. 

bed of gravel, bent till it takes the form of an S- I" still a third, 
one finds enormous masses of Chalk, many yards long, but quite 
detached from the solid rock, and very much shattered. 

Pick out a few of the stones from the Boulder Clay, and most 
of them will be found to be curiously grooved, scratched, and 
polished, in a way that only ice is able to do. Break the stones, 
and they are found to belong to rocks which are unknown, except 
as such " erratics," anywhere within many miles of Norfolk. When 
these rocks are traced to the original districts from which they 
have come, we find that there is a most extraordinary mixture. 
There is red Chalk, like that of Flamborough ; Lias and Oolites 
full of Ammonites and Belemnites from near Whitby and Scar- 
borough ; Coal, Carboniferous Limestone, and Basalt, probably 
from Northumberland ; and Gneiss, Mica-schist, Granite, and 
numerous igneous rocks, that most likely have travelled from 
Scandinavia. Nearly everything seems to have come from a 
northerly or easterly direction — transported partly by coast ice 
and icebergs, partly by glaciers — till everything was mixed, and 
finally deposited in Norfolk as a sort of enormous moraine. 

In the streets of Cromer a good many large erratics are pre- 
served, being used to protect the corners of the roads. Most of 
them are basalt, but there are also some of gneiss. On the shore 
one may find a considerable variety of minerals derived from the 
Boulder Clay. Among the most abundant are agates and corne- 
lians, which probably once filled cavities in the lavas. In blocks 
of mica-schist, garnets can often be seen ; but these, though very 
large, are always opaque and of bad colour. 

Two other minerals found on the beach at Cromer must be 
mentioned. They are the jet and amber which are so often thrown 
up after easterly winds. From what bed these were originally 
derived is still a doubtful point ; for though jet can often be found 
in the Cromer F"orest-bcd, yet it is always in the condition of rolled 
fragments, apparently washed out of some older deposit. The 
amber seems to be quite undistinguishable from that of the Baltic, 
and contains similar fossil insects. 

Though jet and amber do not occur on the Baltic coast asso- 
ciated together, as they do at Cromer, yet there seems good reason 
to believe that the amber is merely the resin which formerly 
exuded from the peculiar pine tree, the wood of which is now con- 



Ixxxviil. APPENDIX XIV. 

verted into jet. If very thin sections of the jet are cut, the black- 
ness disappears, and the jet becomes transparent and of a beautiful 
umber colour, in some of the pieces nothing else can be seen, 
but in others the texture of the wood is perfectly preserved, and it 
is always found to be that of the wood of pine. 

To assist the student who wishes to go more deeply into the 
study of the geology of Cromer, a list of the principal works rela- 
ting to the immediate neighbourhood is given. 

1S27. 
Taylor R. C. Notice respecting the Appearance of Fossil Timber on the 
Norfolk Coast. Trans. Geol. Soc, series 2, vol. ii., p. 2-7- 

On the Geology of East Norfolk. Phil. Maq:, series 3, vol. i., pp. 

277, 3-|6. Reprinted, with additions, in a separate form. ovo. 

London. 
1829. 
Woodward S. The Geology of Norfolk in J. Chambers. A General History 
of the County of Norfolk. 2 vols, 8vo. Norwich. 

A letter (to Dr. Fitton) respecting some remarkable Fossil Remains 

found near Cromer. Proc. Geol. Soc, vol. i., p. 93. 

1833- 
Lyell (Sir) C. Principles of Geology, vol. iii., Svo. London. (Many later 

editions.) 
Woodward S. An Ouiiine of the Geology of Norfolk. 4to and Svo. Norwich. 

1S35. 
Bakewell R. On the Fossil Remains of Elephants and other large Mammaha 
found in Norfolk. Mas;. Nat. Hist., vol. ix., p. 37. 

1837- 
Lyell (Sir) C. Elements of Geology, edition i., Svo. London. 

1840. 

On the Boulder Formation, or drift and associated Freshwater 

Deposits, composing the Mud Cliffs of Eastern Norfolk. Phil. Mag., 
series 3, vol. xvi., p. 345. 

184;. 
Trimmer J. On the Cliffs of Northern Drift on the Coast of Norfolk, between 
Weybourne and Happisburgh. Quart. Joiirit. Geol. Soc, vol. i., 
p, 218. 

1846. 
Owen (Sir) R. A History of British Fossil Mammals and Birds. Svo. London. 

1848— 1882. 
Wood S. F. The Crag MoUusca. 4to. Pala:ontographical Soc. 

1S60. 
Rose C. B. On the Divisions of the Drift in Norfolk and Su.Tjlk. Geologist, 
vol. iii., p. 137. 



THE GEOLOGY. Ixxxix. 

1863. 
Lyell (Sir) C. The Geological Evidences of the Antiquity of Man, with an 
Outline of Glacial and Post-Tertiary Geolo^-. Svo, London. Eds. 2 
and 3 in the same year; ed. 4 in 1S73. 

1864. 
Gunn Rev. J. A Sketch of the Geology of Norfolk (reprinted from White's 
History and Directory). Svo. Sheffield. 

1865. 
Falconer Dr. H. On the Species of Mastodon and Elephant occurring in the 
Fossil State in Great Britain. Part 2 (Elephant.) Quart. Joiirn. 
Geol. Sac, vol xxi., p. 253. 
Wood S. v., jun. A Map of the Upper Tertiaries in the Counties of Norfolk, 
Suffolk, etc. (with Sections and Remarks in Explanation,, in Svo.) 
Privately printed. Abstract in Quart. Joiirn. Geol. Soc, vol. xxi., 
p. 141. 

1868. 
Falconer Dr. H. Palaeontological Memoirs and Notes. \'ol. ii., Svo. London. 
Fisher Rev. O. On the Denudations of Norfolk. (Brit. Assoc.) Geol. Mag., 
vol. v., p. 544. 

1870. 
Gunn Rev. J, On the Relative Position of the Forest-bed and Chillesford Clay 
in Norfolk and Suffolk, and on the real Position of the Forest^'Bed. 
Quart, yourn. Geol. Soc, vol. xxvi., p. 551. 
1871. 
Prestwich (Prof.) J. On the Structure of the Crag-beds of Suffolk and Norfolk. 
Part III., The Norwich Crag and Westleton Beds. Quart. Journ. 
Geol. Soc, vol. x.Kvii., p. 452. 

1872. 
Bell A. and R. On the English Crags and the Stratigraphical Divisions indi- 
cated by their Invertebrate Fauna. Proc Geol. Assoc, vol. ii.. No. 5, 
p. 185. 

1873. 

Nathorst (Prof.) A. On the Distribution of Arctic Plants during the Post- 

Glacial Epoch. Journ. of Botany, new ser., vol. ii., p. 225. 

1874. 

Dawkins (Prof.) W. B. Cave Hunting. Svo. London. 

Geikie (Prof.) J. The Great Ice Age and its Relation to the Antiquity of 

Man. Svo. London. Ed. 2 in 1S77. 

1877. 
Harmer F. W. The Testimony of the Rocks in Norfolk. Svo. London. 

Norton H. The Forest-bed of East Norfolk. (Norwich Geol. Soc.) Norwich 

Mercury, May 5th. 
Reid C. On the Succession and Classitication of the Beds between the Chalk 
and the Lower Boulder Clay in the Neighbourhood of Cromer. Geol. 
Mag., dec. ii., vol. iv., p. 300. 

2M 



XC APPENDIX XIV. 

Wood S. v., jun., and F. \V. Harmer, Obsen-ations on the Later Tertiary 
Geology of East Anglia. Quart. Journ. Geol. Soc.y vol. xxxiii., p. 74. 
1877— iSSi. 
Adams (Prof.) A. L. Monograph on the British Fossil Elephants. Palczonto- 
graphical Soc. 4to. LontLm. 

18S0. 
Dawkins (Prof) W. B. Early Man in Britain and his Place in the Tertiary 
Period. 8vo. London. 

Fisher Rev. O. On the Cromer Cliffs. GcoL Ma^., dec. ii., vol. vii. p. 147- 

18S0— 1SS2. 
R,eid C. The Glacial Deposits of Cromer, zh'J, p. 55. 

Classification of the Phocene and Pleistocene Beds, zo/d, p. 548. 

Sandberger Dr. C. L. F. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntniss der unterpleistociinen 

Schichten Englands. Palceonto^raphica. 4to. 
Woods, v., jun. The Newer Pliocene Period in England. Part I. Quart. 
Joiirn. Geol. Soc, vol. xxxvi., p. 457. 

The Glacial Deposits of Cromer. Geol. Mag., dec ii., vol. vii., 

p. 189. 

1880— 1S82. 
Newton E. T. Notes on the Vertebrata of the Pre-Glacial Forest-bed Series 
of the East of England, ibid, pp. 152, 424, 447; vol. viii., pp. 256, 
315; vol. ix., pp. 7, 112. 

1881. 
Blake J. H. Address on the Age and Relations of the so-called Forest-bed of 
the Norfolk and Suffolk Coast. Proc. Norwich Geol. Soc, vol. i., 
part v., p. 137. 

18S2. 
Newton E. T. The Vertebrata of the Forest-bed Series of Norfolk and 

Suffolk. Memoirs of the Geological Survey. 8vo, 
Reid C. The Geology of the Country around Cromer, ibid. 

Section of the Norfolk Cliffs, from Happisburgh, through Cromer to 

Weybourn. Sheet 127, Horizontal Sections and Explanation. Svo. 
Geological Survey. 

Wood S. v., jun. The Newer Pliocene Period in England. Quart. Journ. 
Geol. Soc, vol. xxxviii., p. 667. 

1884. 

Reid C. On Norfolk Amber. Trans. Xorf. Nat. Soc, vol. iii., p. 6or. 

On recent Additions to the Fauna and Flora of the Cromer Forest- 
bed, ibid, p. 632. 

1886. 

Newton E. T. A contribution to the History of the Cetacea of the Norfolk 
Forest-bed. Quart. Journ. Geol. Soc, vol. xlii., p. 316. 

Reid C. On the Flora of the Cromer Forest-bed. Trans. Norf. Nat. Soc, 
vol. iv., p. 189. 



THE BOTANY. xci. 

18S7. 
Woodward H. B. The Geolo-y of England and Wales. 8vo. Londjn. 
Edit. 2. 

1 888. 
Reid C. Notes on the Geological History of the Recent Flora of Britain. 
Ann. Botany, vol. ii., p. 178. 

La Geologic de la Region du Crag et des CCtes du Norfolk. Congres 

GioL hiternat. — Explications dcs Excursions, pp. 178 — 199, 8vo. 

London. 



3- THE BOTANY, Etc. 

By Miss A. M. BARNARD. 

Ranunculus acris L. \ 

repens L. | all abundant about Cromer ; also 

bulbosus L. ) 
Flammula L., sparingly. 
Papaver Argemone L. ^ 

hybridum L. j all on roadside from Cromer to Runton ; i and 

Rhaeas L. f 2 rare, 

dubium L. j 

Fumaria capreolata L., road to Felbrigg. 

officinalis L., common. 
Nasturtium officinale R. Br,, rare. 
Sisymbrium officinale Scop, common. 

Sophia L. 
Alliaria officinalis Andr., abundant. 
Erysimum Cheiranthoides L. 
Brassica Napus L. 
Sinapis arvensis L. 
Draba verna L. 

Thlaspi arvense L., occasionally. 
Lepidium Smithii Hook, occasionally. 

ruderale L., on the cliffs. 
Capsella Bursa pastoris D.C. 
Senebiera Coronopus Poiret. 
Reseda lutea L. I j^^^^.^^^ 

Luteola L. j 
Helianthemum voilgare Gasrt, gravelly hills. 



xcii. APPENDIX XIV. 

Viola canina L., common, 
tricolor L., common. 
Polygala vulgaris L., common. 
Silene anglica L., sandy fields ; rare, 
inflata Sm., common, 
conica L., margins of sandy fields ; ran 
noctitlora L., sandy fields. 
Lychnis Vespertina Sibth. 

diurna Sibth, common. 
Githago Lam, very common. 
Sagina procumbcns L. 
apetala Hard. 
Honckenya peploides Ehrh, the beach. 
Maehringia trinervis Claire, common. 
Arenaria serpyllifolia L. 
Stellaria media Wither. 
Holostea L. 
graminea L. 
Cerastium glomeratum Thuil. 
triviale Link, 
arvense L. 
Malva sylvestris L. 

rotundifolia L. 
Hypericum quadrangulum L., rare, 
perforatum L. 
pulchrum L. 
Acer campestre L. 
Geranium pusillum L. 
dissectum L. 
molle L. 
robertianum L. 
Erodium cicutarium Sm. 
Linum angustifolium Huds, the clift's ; rare^ 

catharticum L., common. 
Oxalis AcetoscUa L. 
Euonymus europceus L. 
Ulex europceus L. 
nanus Forst. 
Sarothamnus scoparius Rock \ 
Ononis arvensis r common. 

campestris I 

Medicago sylvestris Fries, not uncommon, 
falcata L., hedge banks, etc. 
lupulina L., common. 
Melilotus officinalis Willd, occasionally. 
Trifolium pratense L. 



THE BOTANY. 

Trifolium an-ensc L., abundant. 

scabrum L., occasionally. 

repens L. 

procumbens L. 

minus Sm. 
Lotus corniculatus L. 

major Scop, occasionally. 
Vicia Cracca L. 
sativa L. 
Lathyrus pratensis L., very common. 
Ornithopus perpusillus L,, very common. 
Prunus spinosa L. 
Spiroea Ulmaria L. 
Agrimonia Eupatoria L. 
Alchemilla arvensis L. 
Potentilla anserina L. 

argentea L., rarely. 

reptans L. 

Tormentilla Nest. 

fragariastrum Ehrh. 
Fragaria vcsca L. 
Rubus cor>'lifolius Sm. 

coesius L. 
Geum urbanum L. 
Rosa tomentosa Sm., rarely, 
rubiginosa L., common, 
canina L. 
arvensis Hudson. 
Crataegus Oxyacantha L. 
Pyrus iVIalus L. 
Lythrum Salicaria L. 
Epilobium hirsutum L. 
montanum L. 
palustre L., rare. 
Circaea lutetiana L., Felbrigg road, not sure if in Cromer parish. 
Bryonia dioica L. 
Lepigonum rubrum Wahlb. 
Spergula arvensis L., a pest in fields. 
Scleranthus annuus L., sandy fields. 
Tillaea muscosa L., occasionally. 
Sedum Telephium L. 

acre L. 
Saxifraga tridactylites L., walls. 
Helosciadium nodiflorum K., ditches — rare. 
JEgopod'mm Podagraria L. 
Bunium flexuosum With. 



APPENDIX XIV. 



Pimpinella Saxifmga L. 
yEthusa Cynapium L. 
Pastinaca sativa L. 
Heracleum Sphondylium L. 
Daucus Carota L. 
Torilis Anthriscus Gaert. 

nodosa Gaert, common. 
Scandix Pecten — Veneris L., fields. 
Anthriscus vulgaris Pers. 
Chosrophyllum temulum L., commoa. 
Conium maculatum L., common. 
Hedera Helix L. 
Comus sanguinea L. 
Sambucus nigra L. 
Lonicera Penclymenum L. 
Sherardia arvensis L. 
Galium cruciatum, With, 
aparine L. 
Mollugo L. 
verum L. 
saxatile L. 
Knautia arvensis Coult. 
Eupatorium cannabinum L., wet ditches. 
Tussilago Farfara L. 
Erigeron acris L. 
Bellis perennis L. 

Pulicaria dysenterica Gaert., wet ditches. 
Achillsea Millefolium L. 
Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum L. 
Matricaria inodora L. 
Artemisia vulgaris L. 
Tanacetum vulgare L., hedge banks. 
Filago germanica L. 

minima Fr., cornfields. 
Gnaphalium uliginosum L., rare. 
Senecio vulgaris L. 

sylvaticus L., common. 
Carlina vulgaris L., abundant. 
Centaurea nigra L. 

Cyanus L. 
scabiosa L. 
Carduus nutans L. 

tenuiflorus Curt, 
lanceolatus L. 
arvensis Curt, 
palustris L. 



THE BOTANY. XCV. 



Carduus acauHs L., cliffs. 

Lapsana communis L. 

Cichorium Intybus L., roadsides, etc. 

Hypochceris radicata L. 

Apargia hispida Wiild. 

autumnalis Willd. 
Tragopogon pratensis L. 
Lactuca virosa L., occasionally. 
Leontodon Taraxacum L. 
Sonchus oleraceus L. 

asper Hoftm. 

arvensis L. 
Crepis viridis L. 
Hieracium PiloscUa L. 
Campanula rotundifolia L. 
Specularia hybrida D.C, cornfields 
Erica cinerea L. 
Calluna vulgaris Salisb. 
Ilex Aquifolium L., (?) wild in hedges. 
Ligustrum vulgare L, 
Fraxinus excelsior L. 
Erythra^a Centaurium Pers., common. 
Convolvulus arvensis L. 

sepium L., rare. 
Cynoglossum officinale L., roadside occasionally 
Lycopsis arvensis L. 
Echium vulgare L., abundant. 
Myosotis palustris With., rare. 

arvensis Hoffm. 
Solanum nigrum L. 

Dulcamara L. 
Hyocyamus niger L., occasionally. 
Orobanche elatior Lutt., abundant. 
Verbascum Thapsus L. 
Linaria Elatine J.IilL, cornfields 

minor Desf., cornfields. 

vulgaris Mill. 
Scrophularia nodosa L., lanes. 
Euphrasia officinalis L., cliffs, etc. 

Odontites Huds. 
Veronica Beccabunga L., rare. 
Chamoidrys L. 
officinalis L. 
arvensis L. 
Mentha aquatica, L., rare. 
Salvia Verbenaca L. 



cvi. APPENDIX XI\'. 

Thymus Chamxdrys Fr. 
Calamintha Acinos Clairv, cornfields. 
Prunella vulgaris L. 
Nepeta Glechoma Denth. 
Lamium purpureum L. 
Galeopsis Tetrahit L., cornfields. 
Stachys sylvatica L. 

ar\-ensis L., cornfields. 
Ballota fcetida Lam. 
Teucrium Scorodonia L. 
Anagallis arvensis L. 
Plantago Coronopus L. P. media L. 
lanceolata L. P. major L. 
Chenopodium album L. 

Bonus Henricus L. 
Atriplex hastata L. 
Rumex crispus L. 

Acetosa L. and R. Acetosella L. 
Polygonum lapathifolium L. 
aviculare L. 
Convolvulus L. 
Euphorbia Helioscopia L. 
Peplus L. 

exigua L., cornfields. 
Mercurialis annua L. 
Parietaria diffusa Koch, walls. 
Urtica urens L. and dioica L. 
Humulus Lupulus L. 
Salix cinerea L. 
Alnus glutinosa Gaert. 
Corylus Avellana L. 
Juncus acutiflorus Ehrh. 

bufonius L. 
Alisma Plantago L., rare. 
Lemna minor L. 
Carex arenaria L,, common. 
Anthoxanlhum odoratum L. 
Phleum arenarium L., margins of cornfields. 

pratense L. 
Alopecurus pratensis L., rare. 
Agrostis vulgaris With. 

alba L. 
Psamma arenaria B. and S., abundant 
Phragmites communis Trin., rare. 
Aira Carj^ophyllca L, 
Arrhenatherum avenaceum Beauv. 



THE BOTANY. XCVIL 



Holcus mollis L. 
Molinia coeiulea Mocnch. 
Poa annua L. and P. trivialis. 
Briza media L. 
Cynosurus cristatus L. 
Dactylis glomcrata. 
Festuca rubra L., clitTs 
Bromus sterilis L. 

mollis Pari. 
Triticum repcns L. 

junceum L., on the cliffs. 
Lolium perenne L. 
Hordeum murinum L. 



FERNS. 

Polypodium vulgare L., hedgebanks. 
Lastrsea Filix mas Presl. 

dilatata Presl. 
Asplenium adiantum nigrum 

Trichomancs 
Scolopendrium vulgare Sym. 
Pteris aquilina L. 

Mosses do not figure in my list, as I have paid little attention to them in 
that region. 

Lichens. Parmelia parietina, abundant ; also Borrera tenella. 



AhGJE. 

Halldrys siliquosa Lyngb. 
Fucus vesiculosus H. 

serratus H. 

nodosus L. 
Desmarestia ligulata H., v.-ashed ashore. 
Laminaria saccharina H. 
Chorda Filum H. 

Cutleria multifida H., washed ashore ; rare. 
Taonia atomaria H., washed ashore ; rare. 
Dictyota dichotoma H. 

Asperococcus echinatus H., washed ashore ; rare. 
Chordaria flagilliformis H. 
Elachistea fucicola H. 
Cladostephus verticillatus H. 

2N 



Cviii. APPENDIX XIV. 

Cladostephus spongiosus H., less common. 
Sphacelaria scoparia H. 

cirrhosa H., less common. 
Ectocarpus siliculosus H. 
fasciculatus H. 
littoralis H. 
Rhodomela subfusca H. 
Rhytiphlcea thuyoides H. 
Polysiphonia formosa H. 
elongata H. 
nigrescens H. 
byssoides H., washed up. 
Dasya coccinea H., washed up. 
Laurencia dasyphylla Wood, great pool. 
pinnatifida Gm., washed up. 
Chylocladia parvula H., washed up. 
Corallina officinalis H. 
Jania rubens H. 

Delesseria sanguinea H., washed up. 
Nitophyllum punctatum H., washed up in iS;S. 

laceratum H,, washed up, and also in the great pool. 
Plocamium coccineum H. 
Rhodymenia bifida H., vrashed up in 1S5S. 

ciliata H., washed up. 
Gracilaria confervoides H. 
Hypnea purpurascens H., abundant. 
Chondrus crispus H. 
Furcellaria fastigiata L. 
Ptilota plumosa H., rare. 
Ceramium rubrum H. 

diaphanuni Ag., on the " Church rocks.'' 
Callithamnion Turner i H., washed up. 
roseum H., washed up. 
Borreri H., washed up in 1S5S. 
Bryopsis plumosa H., in great pool, 1S5S. 
Cladophora pellucida H. 
rupestris H. 

IcEtevirens H., in great pool, 183S. 
albida H. 
Enteromorpha compressa H. 
Ulva latissima L. 
Lactuca L. 

Linza H., in great pool, 1858. 
Porphyra laciniata H. 
vulgaris Ag. 
Calothrix confervicola Ag. 



THE BOTANV. xcix. 

FUNGI. 

Agaricus pcrsonatus, 1858. 

oreades, 1S5S. 

campestris, 1858. 
Cantharellus cibarius, 1S5S. 
Boletus lividus. 

Clavaria pratensis, lighthouse hills, 1S5S. 
Geoglossum hirsutum, 1858. 
Sphasria Hypoxylon. 

The "Great Pool" means the large piece of sea water formed into a pool on 
the north-west, at the very low tide in September (or early October), when a 
ridge of rock hems in this pool on the sea-side, and during an hour or two 
many weeds may be seen growing in deep water, which otherwise are only 
found washed up. 

In the Flowering Plants the word rare has been placed against many plants 
quite common in the district around, but owing to the scarcity of wet ditches, 
very uncommon in the absolute PARISH of Cromer. 

The true rarities are Papaver hybridum ; Silene anglica; S. conica, very 
rare; Linum angustifolium, absent in 1887; Medicago sylvestris ; Phleum 
arenarium. 

Additional plants found by Mr. H. D. Geldart : — Ranunculus aquatilis, pond 
in the lane going up to station. Cheiranthus Cheiri L., the church. Alyssum 
calycinum, close to the station. Trifolium subterraneum, close to the town on 
Lighthouse Hills. Vicia angustifolia and Bobartii, on the clirf immediately 
under the old lighthouse. Sanicula europoea, Cromer Hall wood. Senecio 
Jacobaea, Colne House meadow. Orchis pyramidaiis, between Roughton Mill 
Road and Felbrigg Road. Listcra ovata, between Roughton I\Iill Road and 
Felbrigg Road. Ophrys apifera, lane before reaching the Gasworks. Tulipa 
sylvestris, Cromer Hall woods. Ornithogalum umbellatum, between Roughton 
Mill Road and Felbrigg Road. Aira prcecox, everywhere. Poa rigida and P. 
loliacea, sea wall by '• Red Lion." Poa liuitans, pond going up to station. 
Lastroea Oreoptcris and Athyrium filix-fcemina, used to come as near the town 
as the bank by Felbrigg Park corner. 



ALG^. 



Pycnophycus tuberculatus. 
Sporochnus pedunculatus. 
Alaria esculenta. 
Mesogloia virescens. 
Myrionema strangulans. 



ArrENDIX XIV. 



Rhodomela lycopodioides, 
Rytiphicea pinasiroides. 
Polysiphonia fibriilosa. 

atrorubescens. 
Bonnemaisonia asparagoides 
Chrysymenia clavoUosa. 
Delesseria sinuosa. 
alata. 

hypoglossum. 
ru?cifolia. 
Nitophyllum Gmelini. 
Ptilota sericea. 
'Ceramium gracillimum 

nodosum. 
GrifTfithsia equi5etifolia. 
Callithamnium Hookeri. 

byssoideum. 
polyspermum. 
thuyoideum. 
pediciUatum. 



NOTES ON MR. SCOTT SURTEES' THEORY, 






It is hard to understand how the author, having noticed the 
following mentions of Cantium in the Fifth Book of Caesar, could 
have written the paragraph that finishes his pamphlet, without a 
word of comment on such witnesses against his theor\'. They 
are these — " Hujus lateris alter angulus qui est ad Cantium quo 
fere omnes ex gallia naves appelluntur, ad orientem solem " (Cap. 
13). "Ex his omnibus longe sunt humanissimi, qui Cantium in- 
colunt, quae regio est maritima omnis" (Cap. 14). " Dum haec in 
his locis geruntur, Cassivellaunus ad Cantium, quod esse ad mare 
supra demonstravimus, quibus regionibus quatuor reges praeerant 

nuntios mittit atque his imperat uti, coactis 

omnibus copiis, castra navalia de improvise adoriantur atque 
oppugnent" (Cap. 22). 

The first of these passages would make the landing of Caesar in 
Cantium as an hypothesis extremely probable, since he would be 
naturally inclined to land in that part of the island, best known to 
the only people he could rely on as guides. The second does 
away with Mr. Surtees' objection on page 5 that Kent is not a 
corn-producing country, as Ca:sar mentions elsewhere (Cap. 14) 
that only the maritime peoples sowed corn, whilst the interior 
nations lived chiefly on flesh and milk. The third surely implies 
that the naval camp of Csesar was situated on the coast of Cantium, 
unless we suppose that Cassivellaunus ordered the kings of Cantium 
to sail round and attack the camp of Caesar in Norfolk — a pro- 
ceeding, it is true, well meriting the words " de improviso." 

Now it is obvious that, if we can show that Cantium is not an 
interpellation into the text of far later date, and that it does not 
signify the modern Norfolk, but the county of Kent, that this 
amazing theory falls to the ground like a house of cards. Let us 



Cll. APPENDIX XV. 

see what evidence we have to support us. In Diodorus Siculus, 
who flourished about B.C. 44, that is some ten years after the event, 
we find the following passage, no doubt drawn more or less from 
the De Bello Gallieo :—>' Britain is a triangle like Sicily. The 
Promontory nearest the Continent, which they call Cantium, is 
distant they say 100 stades (15 miles), at which place the sea 
disembogues itself; the second Promontory is called Bclerium 
(Cornwall), and is four days' sail from Gaul ; and the third, which 
they say runs up into the sea, is called Horea." [Monumenta 
Britannica.] 

Strabo, too, says that the eastern extremity is Cantium, and that 
Britain lies opposite the Seine and Rhine ; so near the Rhine that 
Cantium is to be seen from the mouth of that river ; but that it is 
a little farther from the Seine, where it was that the Deiiied Caesar 
established his station for ship-building, when about to cross into 
Britain. Mr. Surtees disingenuously substitutes for Cantium 
Britain in this passage, thus producing a suspicion that he knew 
of the mention of Cantium in Caesar. Again, Strabo says that the 
passage into Britain is not exactly from the mouth of the Rhine, 
but from Itium, in the country of the JMorini, next to the Menapii. 
Now, in the best classical atlas of the day — Kiepert's — the Morini 
are made to inhabit the coast from the mouth of the Scheldt to 
Boulogne, and, although this is more or less uncertain, I am inclined 
to think it is approximately right. A connection, too, between 
the names Itium and Wissant can also be discerned. Lastly, let 
us take the greatest geographer of antiquity to witness to the 
position of Cantium. Ptolemy's description of the southern side 
of Britain ends with the Promontory of Cantium, and the river 
Garrienus (Yare) is mentioned among the natural features of the 
coast "of the sides next in order lying to the east and south, along 
which extends the German Ocean," 22 bays, rivers, and capes 
intervening between them. In another place he says, " beyond 
which are the Cantii, the easternmost people, among them are 
these towns — Londinium, Dar\'enum, Rhutupiae." 

From these extracts from the works of Greek and Latin writers 
of the two centuries which followed Caesar's expedition, I think, 
we may, without fear of reproof, say, in the words of Mr. Surtees, 
that "it is clear and plain as the sun at noonday" that Caesar 
landed in Kent. 



NOTES ON MR. SCOTT SURTEES THEORY. cm. 

There is one other question we should like to ask Mr. Surtces, 
whilst we are dcalinf^ with the text of the " de Bello Gallico." 
Why is it that he forgets to allude to Caesar's mention of the 
Tamesis on Caps, ii and i8, Book v.? The unpleasant doubt 
forces itself upon us whether he has not looked upon " the marshes 
on the shore and the sand-hills on the heights " to the exclusion of 
the commentaries of Caesar. We can hardly believe that he who 
discovered that " brevissimus transjectus," referred to the distance 
between the mouth of the Rhine and Weybourne, could doubt his 
ability to explain away the word Tamesis. We will not, however, 
press this point, suffice it to say that Dion Cassius also refers to 
the crossing of the Tamesis by Caisar, and we may well suppose 
that if the Roman general had crossed the Thames after a march 
from the coast of Norfolk, that he would not have retraced his 
steps, but gone on till he reached Cantium, and there have sum- 
moned his fleet to meet him. 

We will not follow Mr. Surtees into vain arguments about the 
credibility of Geoffry of Monmouth, or the like ; but we may point 
out that his whole reasoning on the passage " ipse cum omnibus 
copiis in Morinos prohciscitur, quod inde erat brevissimus in Bri- 
tanniam transjectus," is overthrown by the above-mentioned passage 
of Strabo. 

Now let us look at the probabilities of the case. Mr. Surtees 
supposes that Caesar set out from a place on the very borders of 
the territory he had conquered, and thence sets sail to a coast 
which was out of sight, and as he himself describes it, " a side to 
which they was no land of the Continent opposite, save an angle 
of it which looks chiefly to Germany" (i.e., to a hostile country). 
The dangers of such an expedition would be immense. A chance 
wind might carry his fleet far away from his base to the coasts of 
Norway, or an inroad of the Germans might destroy the camp and 
troops he had left behind to protect his communications. On the 
other hand there was a coast that could be seen easily from Calais, 
and which was tolerably known to the Gauls lying opposite, in- 
viting an attack. From what we know of the character of Cc-esar, 
we need not hesitate to say which plan was accepted by him — even 
though we had not the other evidence we possess. To argue as 
Mr. Scott Surtees does about the geological changes of the coast 
of East Anglia is idle ; for although he asks us to believe that the 



civ. APPENDIX XV. 

whole shore was in Cncsar's time 30 or 40 miles nearer the Rhine,* 
yet he also founds his main point on the supposition that the 
present figuration of land from Cromer to Hunstanton was the 
same 2,000 years ago, as it is now. 

J. B. R. 



• At the present rate of eating away— a yard a year— not much over one mile would 
have been lost. 



^tntXid |nba\ 



Abbot's Manor 
Admiralty Court here 
Advowson of the Church 
Aisles of the Church 
Ales — Church 



Page 
... 36 
52—67 
121 — 7 
... 98 
53 



Appropriation of Church to the Car- 
thusians ... ... ••• 125 

Arms in Cromer Church ... S2 — 3 

Arnold Pedigree ... ... 26—29 

Arnold's Manor ... ... 27,28,29 

Athletic Sports ... ... 146—7 

Bath House, The ... .-• 7^ 

Beacons ... ••■ ••• 75 

Bcaufoys, or tke Bishop's Manor ... 35 
Becks, The Two ... ... 41—42 

Bells ... ... — ••• 103 

Bell Chamber ... .. ... 104 

Bells (4), Lead and Timber of the 

Church sold to Aid the Repairs 90—1 
Benefactors to the Church ... ... 93 

Berningham de Subholdicg 32, 33, 34 

Bi^ocTs Manor ... ... 25—34 

Blank Verse on Cromer ... ... 140 

Blockade of the Coast by " Dunkir- 

kers" ... ^P 

Botany of Cromer ... ... xci. 

Bradenham de, Subholding 32—3 

Brass in Church, iv. ; Drasses now lost xi. 
Brief of Pope Uib.m VI. ... 129— 130 

Broun Pedigree ... •• c'^'c'* 

Building of^Cromer Church So— bi 

Buttresses, ornamented ... 1 16 7 



Cabbell Family ... ••• •.■• 

Carthusians appropriated Church in 

13S3 , 

Celts Found 

Chancel of the Church ... 9^— 

Chancel Ruins ... ••• ••• 

Chapels, Shrines in, of the Church by 
Chaplains of the Church ... I37> 

Charter supposed, of Cromer 
Charters and Deeds, notes from various 
Chest, Church 
Church Ales 



31 

126 
16 

lOI 
lOI 

, S4 
139 

so 

liii. 

89 

53 



Page 

Church Chest up 

Church, Fstimate to Repair the xlin. 

Church Goods Inventory, 6 Ed. VI. 

S5 — 6 
Church of .St. Peter of Shi pden ... So 
Church Registers— Banii.-.ms and Bur- 
ials begin 1689; -Marriages 1696 
Church, Remains of an Earlier ... 93 
" Church Rock," The ... S, 15 

Churches, History of the ... ... 79 

Churchyard, E.xtent of ... ••. 94 

Churchyard, waited by the Sea ... 79 
Clerestory Win lows ... 96.117 

Clock in Church Tower ... ... loi 

Coach, The Old to Cromer ... 146 

Coal Trade with Newcastle S^> 59 

Coal, Leave to Discharge at Cromer 

70—71 
" Cobbler's Hole," The ... ... 97 

'■Collet,' a Ship called a ... ... 49 

Corn, E.xportaiion of ... ... 70 

Corn, not to be E.xported ... ... 44 

Coys, Leister ... ... ••. 72 

" Craye, or Crayer," .Ship called a ... 59 
Croixmare in Normandy ... ... l6n 

Cromer, Derivation of the Name ... 16 
Cromer IL;!! ... ... ... 32 

Cromer Kcpirs Manor ... ... 43 

Cromer TomUn s Manor ... ■■■ 43 

Cromwell, a Stupid Fable that Chancel 

Destroyed by his Troopers ... HI 
Cromwelfs Alleged " Royal Descent " 49 
Crowmere Family ... ... 50 

Danish origin of Cromer, presumed... 16 

Surnames ... •.• 1 7 

De Crevk's Manor ... 25,26 

Demoiiti^jn of the Chancel of the 

Church ... ... S8-9 

Defence of the Coast ... ... 75 

" Doggor,' a Ship called a ... 49 

Domesday form of Shipden ... 18 

Donors to Church Restoration 93—4 

Door, t'lne, 9Sn ; impudent "restora- 
tion" of, !</. ; north porch door no 
•'Down Cleft" ... ... ... 4» 

20 



CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT, 



Duchy Courts, 54 ; Privileges of Ten- 
ants 
Duchy of Lancaster's Manor 
Dunkirkers, '1 he ... 
Dutch Ships Threaten Cromer 

Entries from ihe Diarj' of William 
Windham 

Expenses and Income of the Church 
of Shipden about 135^5, Account 
of ... ... ... 126 

Fair at Shipden ... 

Falcons, not to be Exported 

" Farecost," a Ship called a 

Feet of Fines, Notes of all 

Fencibles, The Sea 

Fines, Notes from the Feet of 

Fire at Cromer 

F'iahermen's Loats not to be Pressed 

for War 
Fishery on North Coast, 45 ; Rules as 

to, id. 
Flint and Stone Ornaments 
Flint-work ... ... 1 05 — 

Flowers, profusion of at Cromer i 

Font ... ... ... 95 and 

Founder's Tomb (?) 

Free School Founded at Cromer 51 



xlvi.— i 
xlvi. — 



144 



Page 
44—47 
... 74 
in 

... 55 

... 144 
76-78 
... 78 
nd- 



21—25 



/5 I 

lii. I 

57 I 
47 



112 

112 

95" I 
ICO I 



Galilee, Ornaments of the ... ... 108 

Galilee ... ... ... 107—110 

Gales, two terrific in iSlo ... ... 76 

"Gangles," The ... ... ... 69 

GeoloL^^y of Cromer ... l.Kxxiv. 

Giggs' Manor ... ... ... 38 

"Good Cross," Chapel of the ... 84 

Guilds in the Church ... ... 84 

Gun Battery ... ... 75 — 6 

Gunnor's Manor ... ... 3'^— 43 

Guri.ey Pedigree ... ... 131 — 2 

Gurney SetUement, The ... •••145 
Gurney, Mr. J. li., on Ornithology cf 

Cromer ... ... Ixxxii. 



Inroads of the Sea at Shipden 
Invasions, 50—65 ; Feared 
Inventory of Household Goods 
1553 

"Jerry's Lodi^ings at Cromer" 

Jetty, Tlie New ... 

Jetty, The Piesent 

Julius Cicsar, Theory as to his La 

ing near here, 17; andseeAp[ 

dix ci.— civ. 

Kings Private Manor 



Lancaster's Manor ... ... 37 

Letters Patent concerning the Fish 

Trade of Cromer ... 45, 46, 47 

Lifeboat Established ... ... 76 

Lighthouse, The First Built ... 67 

Lighthouse, The New ... ,., 68 

Lights in the Church, various ... 84 

" Lobster Coys" ... ... 72,73 

" Lodeship," a Ship called a ... 49 

London, Two Lord Mayors of, from 

Cromer ... ... 50 — 51 

Maid Ridibone's Chapel ... ... 84 

Manors, Account of tne various 20 — 43 
Market Weekly at Shipden ... 44 

Monuments in Church, i. ; in Church- 
yard, xii. 
"Morgan's Slips" .., ... 77 



Nave of the Church ... 94—8 

Neolithic Flint Instrument ,., 16 

North Porch of the Church iro — 2 

Newcastle, Coal Trade with 58—9 

" New Inn " ... ... ... 144 

Omitholcgy of Cromer ... Ixxxii. 
"Our Lady of Pity,"' Chapel of ... 83 



... Ill I 

,.. 102 ] 

... 47n \ 

... 69 I 

S2-3 I 

••• 34 

... 98 



Hagioscope 

" Harry Yaxley's Hole " ... 
Harbour Hiil, The 
Harbour, Projected in 173 1 
Heraldry in Cromer Church 
Hervy, or Herv.ard P.-iniiy 
High Altar 



Iceland, Rediscovery of ... ... 49 

Imports of Shipden and Cromer, list 

of . ... 4& 

Income of the Church of Shipden 

about 13S5 ... ... ... 127 

Ingelow, Jean, Verses on Cromer ... 142 

Inglond's Manor ... ... ... jJi 



Panel Ornaments 
Parish Registers .. 
Paston's Manor . 
Paston Pedigree . 
People, The 



114— 5 

xxiv. 

23. 24. 25 

23—24 
... 148 



Pier or Tcity of Cromer 47, 56, 57, 59, 60 
Pier Reeves ... ... ... 60 

Pier, Suit as to Cromer, the temp. 

Elizabeth ... ... Ivi.— Ivii. 

Pier, The New ... ... 6S, 69, 70 

Pillars in Nave ... ... ... 95 

Plough Light, The, 84 ; The Women's 

do., iJ. ; in Eastgate, iJ. ; The 

Great Plough Light, iJ. 
"Plowcandell" .. ... ... 84n 

Poem on, by Taylor, the Water Poet 61 
Poetry on Cromer hy Jean Ingelow 

and Algernon Charles Swinburne 

141 — 2 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Page 
Poll Cooks, Copies of all xxxvii, — xxxix. 
Poor Man's Box in 1 55 1 ... ... 85 

Porch of Church, N. no; S. 1 12; AV. 107 
Porch, Galilee or W. of Church 107 — i lo 
Priest's Door ... ... ... 99 

Prose Debciiiition of the Place by 

Clement .Scott ... 142—3 

Purveyors ... ... ... 40 

Rale for 1767 ... ... ... xl. 

Ravages on the Ci.ast in 1450 5°, 5' 
Reed, Sir Birth, and his School, 51 ; 

his Family ... ... ...5in 

Rectory House. Old ... ... 94 

Rectors'of the Church ... 12S— 130 
Registers, see Church Reijisters 
Reid, Mr., on Geolooy of Cromer Ixxxiv. 

Restoration of the Church ... 92 — 3 

Restoration, projected in 175S ... 89 

Reymes Faniily ... .. ... 34 

Roman Remains ... ... ... 17 

Rood-screen ... ... ... 96 

Rood-turret ... ... •-■ 97 

Roper's Manor ... ... ... 43 

Rye Pedigree ... ... 150,153 

School, Sir B. Reed's ... ... 51 

Scotland, James, son of King Robert 

captured here ... ... 49 

Scott, Clement, on Cromer 142 — 3 

Scott Surtces', the Rev., Theory on 

the Landing of Julius Coisar ... 17 
Screen, rood ... .., •• 96 

,, South Aisle ... ... 96 

Sea Fencibles ... ... 75 — 6 

Sea, further inroads of ... ••• 57 

Sea, inroads of the ... ... 44 

Sea, Jurisdiction ... ... 52, 53 

Sea Wall 60 

Sham Fight ... ... ... 76 

Sherringham Pier, Petition as to ... Ixi. 
Shipden Abbot's Manor ... ... 36 

Ships, names of Cromer in 1417 ••• 49 
" Shipwrecked Mariners' Association " 77 
Shrines ... ... ... 84 

Smuggling Affray ... 7^ — 7 

South Chapel of the Church loo— I 

South Porch of the Church ... 112 | 

Sports. Athletic ... ... 146—7 j 

Squabisle in Aiborough Church ... 53 j 
Squint Hole ... ... ... Ill i 



P-ct 
Stained Gla.^s ... ... ... no 

St. Be net's j.Iancr ... "6, ^7 

St. Nicholas, Chapei of \\:t ■ • ' 2>4 

Sione-work, Ornamcnit. 1, cf \\.^' 

Church ... ... 112—1:1 

.Storm, a great one .., -7, -^ 

."Subsidy, l-.shcrmcn exemi :t.l fror.i 40 

Subsidy Rolls, copies of a.l x".-.-. — xxx\i. 
Suit l>etween Mr. \Vynd::.-.m an! Mr. 
Brooke concerning Cromer Gun- 
ner's Manor ... ... 41, 42 

Swinbiune, Verses on Cromer ... 143 

Taylor, the Water Poet's Verses on 

Cn.mer ... ... 61 — 65 

Tebant's Suhholding ... ... 33 

Thurp's de Subholdin^: ... ... 34 

Toke.i, datol, of Richard Bennett ... 06 

Toinhns Afauor ... ... ... 43 

Tower of the Church ... loi— 6 

Tower Struck by Lightning ... ic6 

Town I>o-.ks ... ... xxiv. 

Trade of Cromer in 1 52S ... ... 55 

Traders and Townsmen, Tl'.e Old ... 44 

Tree Phniing for 1745— 174S ... 31a 



UJortTs Manor . . . 
L'iiden:rc^'s Manor 
Underwood Pedigree 



... i6 
29, 30 
... 29 



Vestments and Ornaments of the 

Ch-jrJa ... ... S5— 7 

Vicars of the Church ... 131 — 137 

Voluntetr Artillery Practice ... 75 

Waferinw Place, The ... ... 140 

Waters (.Medicinal) The, at Cromer 140 — I 
Weylanl's Fam.ily ... 22 — 3 

Wcy:aHiTs Manor ... 22,23 

Whaling from Cromer ... ... 51 

^^'hite (V\'alter) on Cromer 1431^ 

Wilis and Administrations, Notes of 

Ixv. — Ixxx. 
Wreck of the Sea and Sea Beach, 

Right of ... ... ... 32 

Wreckir.g ... ... 65 — 6 

IVyiidhaiiis Afanor ... 30, 31, 3' 

V.')ndl;am Pedigree ... ... 31 

Wyndham, William, at Cromer ... 75 



|nba' of Uamcs, 







Pjge 


Abbs ... 




xxxvi. 


Abel ... 




XV. 


Acres ... 


xxxvi., Ixix. 1 


Adams ... 




. 24, li. ! 


Adkyns ... 




. Ixxviii. j 


Akwes ... 




xx.x. 


Alablaster 




. Ixxv. 1 


Aldwyn 




. 56, Ixv. 1 


Alexander, 


vii., 


xiii., see] 


Alysau 


ndre 




Aleyn, 56, 


Ixxiii., 


Ixxiv. (2), 


Ixxix., 


see Allen & .\llyn I 


Aleyns ... 




Ixxiv. 


Aliot ... 




XXV. 


Alison ... 




Ixxv. 


Allard ... 




xxi. 


Allcock... 




li. 


AUen, 2,7, 


43. 73 


XX. (2), 


xxxvii 


, Ixxiii 


, Ixxvii., i 


see Aleyn and 


Allyn 


AUington c 


e 


35 


Allyn ... 




XX.\V1. 


Alsop ... 


xxiii. (2), xli. i 


Alto Bosco 


de .. 


36 


Alysaundre 


, 123, 


see Alex- 


ander 






Alyson ... 




• , -5^ 


Alyston 




Ixxiv, 


Amys, XX vi., l.\ 


K., Lx.xi., 


Ixxviii 


(2) 




Anderson 


56.53 


84, Ixxv. 


Andrewes, 


xxxiv 


, bcvii., 


Ixxvi. 






Andrews 




. 84, Ixx. 


Anson ... 




. 24 (6) 


Appleby 


bcx.,'" 


xxviii. (2) 1 


Applebye 


lxi.x., Lxxx. 1 


Arblaster 




2SI 



Archer, 158, xxvi.,xxix. (2), j 

Ixxiv. 
Amald ... ... Iv. | 

Arnold, 20, 21 (2), 26 (5), 27 ! 
(5), 28 (7), 29 (S), 30, I 
35. 37, 3S. 43. 50, 56, 1 
82, 83, 110, 134, 137, , 
139, 148, X., xi., xxvi., ' 



Page 
Arnold {contimud) 

XXX., xxxi., xxxiii., 1. (2), 

Ixxiv., Lxxx. (2) 
Arnolde 28 (5), 29 (3) 

Artis ... ... 103 

Ashn?.oore ... xxxvi. 

Ashmore SS — 135, Ixxvii. 
Assheton ... 40 

.Astley ... ... xxxvii. 

Atcheson, 42, .\.xiii (2), xlii., 

Ixxvii. (2) 
Atfenn, 56, see Altfene 
Atkinson ... xxxvi. 

Atkyns ... ... 24 

Atkynson ... l.xxxi. 

Atlebur ... xxv. 

Attemere, 3S, see Attmer 
Atcewell ... Ixxix. 

Attewood ... Ixxiii. 

Attfene, Ixvi., see Atfenn 
Attifen ... 122 

Attmer, Ixxv., see Attemere 
At well ... ... ixvi. 

Awbrey ... 139 

.\\vden ... ... xxvii. 

Awbrye ... Ixxiv. 

Avvdey ... ... xxviii. 

Aylmer ... ... xlvii, 

BabI)ington ... 143 

Bab.ike ... Ixv. 

Bacon, 31, 4S, 49, 55, 58, 

77, 83, 9'j, 153, xi., 

xxxiv., xxxvii., bc.xi., 

Ixxi.x. 

Bailey, xxxviii., see Baley 

Baker ... ... xluc. 

Bakon ... ... 155 

Baldock ... 23 (2) 

Baley, xvi., see Bailey 

Ball Ixxv. 

Balryk ... ... 157 

Bans ... ... Ixxvi. 

Barber ... ... xxviii. 

Barbor ... ... Lwi. 

Barbour ... xlix. 



f 


P^:t 


' Bar-lav, 93 


lOI. 144, 14^, 


I lir, 15 


z 


, Barker, see Ecrker, i ^o, 


xxvii. (2), Ixvii., !x\iu., 


I I.XIX., 


Ixxiv., Ixxv., 


1 Ixxvi., 1 


XXX. (:) 


Bam.ard 


... XX. (2) 


liames ... 


xiv. 


Bninct ... 


125 


, Barney, 57, 


58, 85, l.xxvii.,. 


■ <;ee Berney 


Barnin^jham 


139 


Baron ... 


;8, 1. (2) 


Baron (Bacon?) ... Ixxvi. 


, Barrett ... 


- 56(2) 


■ liartcil ... 


144 


: Barthi fil' 


xxv. 


'. Barton ... 


xxvi. 


: Barton da 


128 


Basham... 


xxxvi. 


' Bastyan 


... xxxiii (2) 


Basyncjham de ... 123 


j Bitaillie 


... xxv. (2) 


Batman 


xxviii. 


Bxxster ... 


xxix. 


i Baxter, 30, 


35 (2), 36, 39, 


59, 60, 


xxviii., xxxiv. 


(2), XXXV. (2), xxxvi., li. 


(2),lvi. 


(3),lvii.(3).Iviii. 


(2), lix. 


(7), Ix. (3), l.xi.. 


1 Ixxxi. 




Bayfield 


... xix(3) 


Bayles ... 


... 71, 72 


Baylie ... 


Ixi. 


Bayne . . . 


xxxvi. 


Beare ... 


xx.xvi. 


Beasy ... 


... xii. (2) 


Beauchamp 


... 26, 8r 


Beaufoy 


35. 21, 3^ 


Beaufoy de 


35 


Beaumont 


43 


Beoynham 


15s 


Becke ... 


39 


Beckswell 


xi. 


Beckwith 


92 


Beccles ... 


Ixxvi. 



CROMER, FAST AND PRESENT. 



Page 
Bedwell ... xvii. 

Eedyngfclde de ... 122 

Beeston 133, liii. 

Bekeawell ... 8j 

Bekham de ... 123 1 

Bell xl,, xvi., xix. , Ix.kiv. 
Benet (?) ... xxx. 

Benet, 21, xxxiii., xxxiv. (2), 

see Bennett 

Benhale de ... 34 

Bennet, xxxiii., xxxvi., 

xxxvii., xl., Iv. (3J, Ix., I 

Ixxi., Ixxvi. I 

Bennett, 66, xxxvi. (2), | 

xxxvii., xl., xli., li. (2), I 

Ixviii., Ixxii. (2), ixxvi. 1 

B er ... xxxvi. 

Berdles ... ... xxv. 

Berker, xxvii., see Barker 
Berney, 83, xi., see Barney 



Bcrney de 
Bernham de 
Berningham de, 
(3). 33, iiv. 
Berry ... 
Berton ... 
Bertylmew 
Bery ... 
Berye .., 
Belts 
Bettes ... 
Bevys .., 
Bidun de 
Bignold 



.i6 
xlvii. 
25, 32 



39, 



i^S. 



23 

55 

xx;x. 

x.wii 

Ixviii. 

Ixxviii. 

xxvii. 

xlviii. 

17, 20 (2), 21, 22 

XV. (2), xvi. 

Bigod, 20, 21, 25 (2), 34, 1 

35, 37 

Bygod 25 I 

Bygodle ... 25; 

B.rd Ixix. i 

Birkbeck, 92, 98, 145. 152 yz) | 
Birrestone de ... liv. 1 

Bishop ... ... 60, 132 i 

Bishop (?) ... Ivii. ; 

Bliss ... ... 32 

Blofeld, 35, 39, S5, 149, 156, : 

158, xxvi. (2), xxxiii. i 

(3), 1., li., Ixxiv. 
Blofield 35, 60, 156 I 

Blofild ... ... l.\x.i. i 

Blofyld, xxxi. (3), xxx;i., j 

ixxvi. j 

Blofylde. xxxii. (2), see Blow- | 

feild I 

Blomeffeld ... xxviii. ; 

Blomefeld ... 24 1 

Blomefeild ... I.xix. | 

Blometield, 27, 29, 31, 39. ijl, , 

82, 84, 89, lOi, 122 I 

Blomfeld •••93. xxvi. I 

Blomfield ... xxviii. 

Blowefeld ... k.vxi. 1 



Page 
Blowfeild Ixi. (2), Ixix. 

Dlowfeld, 35,xxx.(j),.\xxiv., 

xj.x. 
BiowlleUl ... 35. 36 

Hlowfvld ••• 35 

Blo\vf')ide ... iX. 

Lllovvieicle ... xx\-ii. 

Bljnt ... ... 59 

Blyih ... ... XVI. 

Biythe ... ... xvi. 

Becking ... l>;xi. 

Bockinge ... l>:x. 

BoJliam ... 39, 4° 

Boileck... ... I47 

Boley 38 

Boieyn ... ■■■ Z^, xxxi. 

Bond Cabbell, see Cabbell, 

25. 31, 32(3). 92(4). 9S 
Bond (.?; ... xxxu. 

Bond 27. xxxvi-, Ixvi. (2) 
Bond als. Bone ... Ixxiv. 
Bonde xlviii., Ixvi. 

B...ont ... ... xxxvi. 

Borell 139, Ixviii, Ixxiv. 

Borrow ... ... 149 

Bosliope ... 60, Ivii. 

Boult ... ... ix. 

Bound ... ... 56, 155 

Boure Atte ... .xlvii. 

Bourne ... ... 59 

Bowell ... ... 68 

Bower ... ... 29 

Bowes ... ... 28 

Bowma ... xi. 

Boydon ... ... l.xxiii. 

Boys de ... liii. 

Boyse ... Ixxviii. (2) 

Boyton de ... liv. 

Bradenham de, 25, 26, 32, 33, 

xlvi. (2), xlvii. (2) 
Bradest^-n de ... 21 

Bradfelde ... l.xxv. 

Bradfeild ... Ixxv. 

Bradfeld xxvi., .xlix. (2) 

BraJtield ... Ixix. 

Braeli ... ... xi. 

Brampton 02, S3, xlviii. 

Brandlyng ... 58 

Brandon ,. 84, Ixxv. 

Brangwin 129 (4), 130 

Brant hwaite ... 151, 152 

B'aser ... ... 133 

Breame ... ... xvi. 

Breese, xi. (2), xiv., xx. (2), 

xxi., xxxii., I.xviii., see 

Brese 
Brennard (Bremand?) Ixxiv. 
Brcreton ... 93 

Brese, xxvi., xxvii , sxx., 

Ixviii., Ixix., Ixxv., see 

Breese, ?;i^cr sea breeze 



I Brcsse ... 
j Brest (Brese ?) 

Bieion ... 

Breyse ... 

B.ian ... 

Bridges ... 

Brigge ... 

Bnggs ... 

Brigiit 

B.ighte 

Bngnell 

lirinyng 

Bristowe 

Britine ... 

tirome 

Brooke ... 

Brcolcs 

Brosiard 

Broun, 80 



Page 

xxx. 

xxxii. 

Iv. 

Ixx. 

124 

Ix. 

69 
69 



56, Ix. (2), lxx> 
... 1., Ixi. 
»34 
liv. 

- 87 (2) 

... 37, li- 

Ixviii., Ixxviii. 

... 41, 42 

XV,, xxi. (2}, xl. 

43, Ixxiv. 

(2), 122, 123, 



124 (2), 12S, xlvii, 

j Brown 93, xvi., xlvii., Ixix. 

I Browne, 56, 67, SS, xviii. (2), 

xxvii., xxviii. (2), Ixv^i. 
I (2), l.xxi.x. 

i Bryerton ... Ix. 

: Bryghain ... 58 

' Bryglit ... ... .xxvii. 

! Brymynge ... 5^ 

I Biynnynge ... Ixv. 

I Brynyng, 94, 138, xlvii., 
i xlviii. 

; Brynyngg ... liv. 

; Buckland ... 160 

i Buckner ... 1. 

j Bucksher ... Ixxix. 

I Bugge als. Bryden Ixix. 

> Buiuard ... xlvi. (2) 

; Buk ... xxviii. (2) 

Bulls ... ... xl., xli. 

I Bullamer, 135, see Builimore 
I Bulleyn ... 57, xxx. 

1 Builimore ... 135 

Bullwers ... xli. 

' Bulwer, 31, 39, 84, x., xi., 

xxxi , xxxvii , Iv. 



1 Bumpstede 


xlviii. 


; Bune 


Ixvii. 


Bunn 


xii. 


i Bunne ... 


xxviii. 


1 Burde ... 


55 


; Burke ... 


144 


Bumand 


xxlx. 


; Burnel ... 


22 


1 Burol ... 


123 


Burrows 


Iv. (2) 


Burton xx., 


xxix., Ix. 


Burwell 


xxvii. 


Bushe 


Lxxvi. 


Buttolph 


li. 


Buxton, 77, 92, 93 


, 9S, 146, 


147, 149, 151, 


152 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



Buxtons 
tycroft ... 
Bygot ... 
By Ike .. 
B)lle ... 
Byr de ... 
Byrd ... 
By shop ... 



Cabbell 20 (2), 25, 3 

35. 92. 9S 
C 



3i|Champneys ... 132 , Comefort ... xxx. 

l.xx.x. i Chatham ... 75 Comiiort ... .xtviii. 

... -xlvii. (2) I Chaumpa-ye ... I32 Comfort xxvni., xrxi., xxx.ii. 

38 I Chaumpneys I33, 138, 139 , Comfortc, 5S {z , 50, xxv.ii , 

xxix. I Chaiiney 

54, 55, 56 i Chcsman 



Cage 
Caiiard ., 
Calyerd 
Callard .. 
Callarde 



xxvii., xxviii. ! Chesnutt 

l.xxLii. j Cliestany 

; Clicstanye 

32(7), • Chester .. 

jChilde ... 

XXX. I Chilves ... 

Ixxv. Chosell ... 

xxxiv. I Christmas 

Iviii., lix. (2) I Church 

Ixi., Ixxi. 1 Churche 



xlviii. I x.vxii. (2), hxv;;i. 

Ixvii. ; Comfurth ... iv. 

... xxxviii. Comforthe ... ix'x. (2) 

155 Connall ... xwvi. 

... 56, Ixv. Conyby ... wvii. 

16; Cook, 75, 123, \.;. (2). xiii. 

Ixxiv. , (4), xxxvii. (2). \li., i\xvii. 

xvi. '. Cooke l-5il, xtwi., l.wi., Iwi. 

li. Coolman, hv. (2', see Col- 

Ixx., Lxxviii. I man.^ 

xii. Cooper xiv., xxxiv., Ixvix. 
Copcland 



x.xxiv. jChylde. 56, 81, 84, 98, 131, Copland, xL, xxxvii., l.x.xi 
Callerd, 60, Iviii. (2), seel i;S, l.xxiii. (3) 

Callyard and Calyerd ! Clair St. 60 Corauaie 

Callow... ... Ixi. iClaiks ... I4S Cordy ., 

Callyard 60 (2), Ivii. (z) Ciirk le ... xxv. Corke .. 

Callybutt ... 85 i Clarke 37, 61, 65, .x.xx., Ivii., Cornwall 

Camden ... 59 1 Ixxv '' 



Camforte, Ixi.x, see Com- 1 Classhe .. 



forthe 
Camond 
Camonde 
Candelman 
Canham 
Canuell 
Cantelupe 
Cantelupe de 
Caparne 
Cardew ... 
Carkesse 
Carlyle 
Carpenter 



Clarering de 
xxviii. I Chxton 
Ixvii. ! Claydon 
131 I Clement 
1 I Clements 



Cornwailys 

xxix. Corser ... 

26 Cottrell... 

,. xviii. (2) Couper ... 

69 Cownyaye 

49, xlviii. I Cowper 

Ixvi. i Cox 



Ixxviii. Clere 38(3), 51, 65, 83, xi., Cove ... 
132 I xlviii. Coie 



Ixxvi. 

xlviii. 

Ixxviu 

xxxiv. 

x!ix. 

xxix. 

Ixi. 

.. 56, 156 

56 

Ixvi. 

xiv., li. (2) 

.. 56, 139 

Ixxiv. 

xli. 

xxvii. 

75 
Iv. (2) 



l32lClericus ... xlvi. (2) Cozens ... 

I'ii. i Clerk ... 65, 123, xxv. (2) Cragge 
.xiv. I Clerke ... ... ?>^, Iv. ■ Craig 

721 Clerkes ... ... 88 ' Crane 

49 ; Clerk le 122, 148, xxv. (2) Creyk de, 20, 25 (6), 26, 32, 
xxv. j Cloyte, 85, xxvi , xxxii., j 34 (2), liv. (2) 

Carr ... 51, 157, H., Ixxx. \ xxxiii., Ixv., l.xxvi. 1 Croft ... .., 

Carter, xx., xxxvii., xxxviii., i Cloytte ... ... xxxi. , " Croixmare, de ' 



xl., xli., 1., Iv. (2), Ixxvii. : Cobald 



xlviii. 
17 
49 



Carver 
Caslon 
Catelyn 

Catelyne 
Catesson 
Cator 



;.xxvi. ( Cocksedge 

40, XXX vi., Ixxiv. ; Coffmger 

Ixxiii. j Coke 

... XXV., Iv. j Cokke ... 

17, Ixxiv. I Cokkes ... 

xxvi. 1 Cokks ... 



XXXI 
l.vxiv. Cromwell 

XV. '• Crose ... ... Ixv. 

Ixxv. ! Croule de ... xlvii. 

37, 77, xxxvii. Crowd (Crowder?) Ixvi. 

xxvi. Crowde... xxxii., Ixviii. 



Caverard (Everard ?) Ixxiii. 



-xl.x., 1 

hi, 
53 



Colbecke, 



XXX., 

Colbek 
xxxiii 

53. 54, Colby ... 

x;ii. 1 Cclby de 
XV. (2) I Ccleby ... 

29 j C'^llins 
Ixxxi. Collison 
132 Colisty ... 
liii. Cclman, 



XXVlll. 

Ixvii., Ixviii. 
58. xxvi., xxix., 
XX'. i., Ixxxi. 

85, xxxi., xxxii., 
. 1. 



Crosvde (Crowdere ?) xxvi., 
x.xx. 

Crowe ... xix., xxvii. 

Crowemere de ... 49, 137 
Crowmere 19, 50, 96, 133 
Ixix. 



xxiv.. Hi. 

31, 153, Ixxiii. 

XXXV i. 

(2), xxxviii., 



Cawston xix., xx 

Cecill 

Cecilyson 
Cecylson 

Chad 

Chad wick 

Chad worth 

Chambers 

Champneys 

Chapel le ... , - - 

Chaplin vi , xxxvii., Hi. xxv , xlvii., Jiv., Iv. (2) | Cutler 

Chapman, 95, 1., liv., Iv., | Colshall ... I37iCullove xxxvui 

Ixviii., Ixxvi , bcxviii., j Colson ... ... 93 

Ixxix. I Colling... ... xxvi. | 



Crownde 

1. Cubit ... 

xlviii. : Cubitt ... 

1. I Cunnall 

73, 154, xxxvii. ' Curtis, x 

... xxiii. a) ! xxxix. 

Iv. I Custance, xiv. (2), xxxix., 
123, 124, xii., I _ Ixv. 

xvii., xxii. (2), xli. 



CXII, 



CROMER, PAST AND TRESEXT. 



Page I 
Dabny ... ... xxxvi. j 

Dallyng ... 1561 

Dalton ... ... 31, in. j 

Dante ... ... Ixviii. I 

Darbye ... ... bcxxi. i 

Darell 31 j 

Daunce ... ... xxvi. j 

Dauwessone ... 17 : 

Davidson xx. (4), xxi. j 

Davies ... ... xiii. i 

Davy 30(2), 151, 152, 15S, , 

xxxi., xxxiii. j 

Davye 30, xxx., xxxii. (2) ; 
Dawbeney ... 143, l.\i. : 

Dawnce ... txviii. | 

Dawson xxwi., Ixxii. 

Daynes, xxxiv., li., Ix., Ixx., \ 

Ixxv., Ixxvi. (2), Ixxviii., 

Ixix., see Deynes j 

Deberson ... xxxvi. 1 

Dennys, xxxiii., xxxiv., 

xxxv., Ixx. (3) 
Dethe ... Ix., Lxi. (2) 

Dewar ... ... 32 

Day ... xxviii., 1., lxx\'i. 
Deynes, 60, xxxiii., 1. (2), 

Ivii. (2), Ixxx. (3), see 

Daynes 



Deynessone ... 17 ' 

Dikessone ... liv, j 

Dingle ... ... xiv. j 

Ditcheboume ... Ixvii. 1 

Ditchell, 42, 90, ii. (9), v. j 

(5), xii., xxiv., xl. (2), ' 

xlii. (2), lii.,lxxiii. I 

Dichfield ... 37 

Dixon ... ... xxxvi. ' 

Dobbe ... ... Ixx. 1 

Dobbes ... ... Ixxxi. i 

Dodge ... .. 29, 1. i 

Doke ... ... Ixxiii. | 

Doughty 35, 36 (2), 67 : 

Doyne ... ... 130 

Drake ... ... tu 

Draper, 44, 56, 137, xxv., : 

Ixv., Ixxiii. j 

Draper le ... xxv. 1 

Drawer ... ... xlix. 

Drayton ... 82, 129 1 

Drevge ... ... xlviii | 

Drinkmiike ... li. 1 

Drorge ... ... Lxxx. ] 

Drury ... .. 39 i 

Duglas, xxvii., xxviii., Ixvii. 

Dunston ... Ixviii. j 

Durrant xxxvi., Ix. | 

Dusin^ ... ... xlvi. 1 

DyboUs... "^= ' 



xli. 



Eade 
Eale 



Ixxvi. 
xxxvi. 



Page 
Earle, 92, i. , xxiii. (5). x.xxvii. 
Eccles de ... 94 

Edes ... ... xxvii. 

Edesson ... 17 

Edingsel de, 122, see Oding- 

sel 
Edwards ... 93 

Egemere de ... xxv. 

E.-mere 26 (2), 35 (2) 

E;i;er ... ... Ixxviii. 

Eggemere de 21, 33, 35, 123, 

xxv., liii. 
Egmere de 33, 35 (6) 

Egmor de ... liv. 

Eldon ... ... 25 

Eld red ... ... xvii. 

Elingham ... l.\xiv. 

Elizabeth, Queen... 59 

Ellalle ... ... 130 

Ellatte ... 130 

Ellis, 31.40,43. 69. 72, 73. 

74, 88, xix., xliii, Iv. (2), 

see Ellis and Elys 
Ellwyn ... .. Ixxxi. 

Ely, Bishop of 88, 89, \l\ 
Elys ... ... 56 

Emerv, xxxviii., xl. (2), xlii. 

(2) 
Empsonne ... be. (2) 

Eifpson Go, xxxiv. 

Endyson ... Ixix. 

England lxi., Ixxvi. 

Englond 60, Ivii. (2) 

Ennismore ... iv. 

Enlingliam ... 47 

Eiebwell de ... 128 

Ermer's ... 30 

Ernold ... ... 50 

Erpir.gham .. 82 

Erie ... ... 52 

...erson ... ... xxxvi. 

Estyrges ... I. 

Ebwoulde ... Ixx. 

Evelyn ... ... 70 

Everard, 41, 42, 43, x.xxviii., 

liv., Iv. 
Evered ... xxxiv., Ixxi. 

Everyd ... ... xxxiv. 

Eyres ... ... 88 

F ... xxxi. 

Fabro ... ... XXV. 

Fairfax ... 70, 71, 72 

Farwell ... 56 

Fauconer ... 49 

Fawcet ... ... 134, 135 

Fawkener, Ixvi., Ixxiii., Ixxv. 

Fawkner Ixvi., Ixxv. 

Fayer ... ... 36 

F.iyrcock ... liv. 

Feazer ... ... Ixxvi. 



Fechyt 
Felbrig! 



Page 



I Felbiigge 
Fenge ... 



82 

xlvii. 
xlviii. 

! Fenne, 56, xxvi., xxx., l.xvi,, 
I Ixvii., Ixx. (2), Ixxix. 

; Fenne atte ... 23 

\ Feny ... ... xxxii. 

Ferrer ... ... 56 

Ferryman Ixxviii. (2) 

, Fetche 84, 155, Ixxiv. 

ffayrmor ... 85 

\ Ffyshman ... Ix. 

1 Fickling ... lii. 

Field ... ... xiv. 

I Fielder... ... _ 37(2) 

Fish ... xli., Ixxi., Ixxix. 

Fisheman ... 158 

Fi.-lier ... ... xxiii. 

: Fibhnnan, Ixxvi, Ixxix, see 
Fyshman 

Fitch ... 16, 93, 107, 137 

Fitchet ... ... ixvii. 

Flack ... ... Ixxvi. 

Flaxman ... xli. 

Flegg ... ••• S9> Ixvii. 

I Flcgge ... ... Ixxiv. 

I Elemming le ... liv. 

I Flemyng xxLx., liv. 

I Flower ... ... 136 

i Floyden ... xxxvi. 

i Flyght 56 

I Forde ... ... 133 

I ...foret ... ... xxxiii. 

I Forster ... ... xviii. 

! Foscue ... ... Ivi. 

' Foster xxviii., Ixvii., Ixviii. 
I Fox, xvii. (2), xxxvii. (2), li. 
, France .. ... Ixviii. 

; Frances ... 158 

j Frankon ... Ixxiii. 

Frarey xxxvii. (3), Ixxii. 

Frary, 56, xxxvii. (3), Ixxii. 
(2), xl. (2), xli., lii., 
Ixxi., Ixxii., i.xxvii. 

Fraunces ... Ixviii. 

Freary ... ... xiii. 

i Freeman ... 74 

: Frees ... ... xxix. 

j Freman ... 49 

1 Frere ... ... 135 

, Frer>-e ... ... Ixxiv. 

! Fulco ... ... liii. 

Fuller ... ... xlix. 

i Fulstowe ... 56, 157 

' Fustowe ... Ixvi. 

Fychelt 56, xxviii. 

Fymyl (Fyniel?) ... Iv. 

j Fymyl (Fyniyl or Fyniel?) liv. 

Fyniel ... ... xlviii. 

. Fynne ... ... Ixxiv. 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



Pare I 

Fyope ... ... Ixxv. 

Fyshe ... ... Ixx. | 

Fysheman, 58, 66, 155, 15S, i 
xxvii., xxxii., li., Ixvii., | 
Ixviii., see Fishman 

Fyshman xxx., li., Ixviii. ! 

Fysman ... xxxii. 

Fysshe ... ,., xxvii. 



Ga ... xxx. I 

Gaddye .. ... 60! 

Gadeler (?) ... xxxii. 

Galfr' fir 44, XXV. (2) 

Galthard ' ... 129 

Game ... ... 49 

Gamilgey ... Ixxv. • 

Gaminsewyn 152, Ixxiv. 1 

Gamyeweye ... Ixxix. ' 

Gardiner ... vii. (2) . 

Garlek ... ... xJviii. j 

Garihon ... xiii. | 

Gascon ... ... 129 1 

Gaunt, John of ... 21, 37 : 

Gawdy ... ... 140 j 

Gees ... ... 132 1 

Gees(Goo3?) ... xlviii. 1 

Gelour ... ... Ixxiv. | 

George ... ... xxxvi. j 

Gerard . . ... Ixxix. I 

Gerebreg ... xlvi. (3^ 

Germyn ... Ixv. 

Gibbs ... ... 153 

Gibson ... ... 129 

Giggs ... 21, 3S (4) 

Gigler ... ... 42 

Gilberd liv. (2), Ixxiv. 

Gilbert ... ... xxvii. 

Gill ... 88, S9, 135 



Gillman 

Gippes ... ... ' 1. ' 

Glover, 136, xxvi., xxvii., 

Ixxviii. (2), Ixxx. 
Goat, 69, xxxvii., Ixxiii., 

Ixxvii. 
Goates ... xli., l:<xii. 

Goddarde ... xxxii. 

Goddard xxxiii., Ixxx. 

GodJerd ... x\xi. 

Godfrey 30, xxxiii , xlvii., 

Ixxix, Ixxxi. 
Godsalve ... 37. 3S 

Goldsborowe ... Ixx. 

Goldsmith ... xxxvi. 

Goodard ... Ixix. (2) 

Goodluck ... xxxvi. 

Goodred ... xxvi. 

Goslyn ... ... xxxvi. 

Gos{s)elyii, 81, 94. 126, 12S, 

129, 131, 137 i3SJxxiii. 
Gostlyn (Gosclyn ?) Ixviii. 1 



Page I 
Gough ... ... 67 1 

Gournay ... I^I, 152 | 

Gradcnham de (Eradcliam ?y 1 

liii. j 

Green ... ... .^6 1 

Greene ... ... 36, liii. ! 

Grene ... 35, 158, xxxi, 1. I 
Gresham 30, xlix. j 

Gresham de, xlvii. (2), xlviii. I 
Greve ... ... yxix. | 

Grey de ... xxxvii. 1 

Grice ... ... xxxviii. ! 

Grifiin ... ... Ixix. j 

Grime ... ... xxv. 1 

Grosse ... ... 29 1 

Grovvte ... ... Ixviii. [ 

Grubbe ... ... Ixxiv. ! 

Gramme ... xxv. I 

Grunsburgh ... Ixxv. 

Grj-ffyn ... ... 24, 50 

Grym ... ijS.J.vixiii. 

Gr}-me ... 122, xlviii. 

Guumour ... xli.x. 

Gunnor ... 38 (6), 42, 150 
Curling, Ix. (2), see Gyrlyng 
Gurnay ... ... 2S Kz) 

Gurney 140, 144, I45, 149, 

151, 152, Lv.vxii. I 

Gygges ... ... 38 ) 

Gylbert ... xxviii. : 

Gyles ... ... Ixxv. ' 

Gymmyngham .. Jx. 

Gyrlyng, liv,, Iv., see Curling 



Habbe ... 123, xlvii. 

Hackerson ... xxxvii ; 

Hncoke (Hawke?) l.\i\. '■ 

Hales de ... 133: 

Hall 56, 144, xvi., lii. 

Halle ... ... 129, 130 

Hamann ... xxiii. 

H:"i!nnicn ... Ixxii. i 

H.\mor.(l xvii., Ixv. 

Hampton, Earl of 52 

Hanbury 1 5 1) 152 

Hanley ... ... 72 

Harbord, 37 (3)- 3S. 68, 69, , 
7^, 149, xl., xiii. j 

Hankinsoii ... 151, 152 I 

H.ardmgham xv., xviii. | 

Hardcastle ... 151, 152 j 

Hardyman ... Ixxix. j 

Hare, g^ xxix., xlviii., x!ix. 1 
Hare (.Sir Ralph) xxxvii. 
Harewell ... 23 (3) 

Plarlewyn ... 54, 55 

Harloe ... ... 134 

Harlow... ... 133 

Harlowe ... Ixxx. 

Harman ... xlix. 



Pj.e 
Harmer. 149, x^iv. {t\, 

xwiv., li., lx.\i. (3>, sec 

Hcrmer 
Harrison, .>iii., .w., xvi., 

Harsyk... 15?, ixviii. (2) 
Hart ... ... xvi. 

Harvey, 43, r.xiv., xli., 

I.N xiii. 
Harward, 29. 53, 54, 56, 134, 

xiix. (4J 
Har«oo(l ... 134 

Haskins ... xxxvii. 

Hastyng ... liv. (2) 

Ua.siyn;.;cs ... 94 

H.-.'ail'iJis ... 36 

Havers ... ... 30 

Hawarde ... Ixxxi. 

Hav.ic ... ... Ixviii. 

liay 15'. 152 

Haybot ... .. xx:x. 

Havdon ... Ixxiii. 

IL-iyle 133 

II.-'.}Ies 57, 139 li., Ixxiv. 
H.iylys ... ... Ixx7. 

Haywarde ... Ixv. 

IIc.-:h 92, xi., xiii. 

Hederscte de ... xlvii. 
Heire de ... 59 

Hei::lord ... 37 

Hdlys 133 

HennT>7 56, Ixvi. 

Hendnngham ... Ixviii. 
Heninge ... Ixxiv. 

Henzell ... lii. (2) 

Herbert ... xxv. (2) 

Hermer 20, S4, 131, 137, 

XXV., Ixxiii., see Harmer 
Heme ... ... 67 

Herrick ... 30 

Herring ... 93, 95 

Herrygate ... xxxiii. 

Hcr.-^chell ... 1 54 

Hert ... lx%-ii., Ixxv. 

Herthe atte ... 138 

Hcrvey ... 44, 123, 124, xiii. 
Hervi ... ... xlvii. 

Hervy, 33, 34(2), 123, 124, 

xxv, (2), Nlvit. 
Herward 27 (2), 28 (3), 29, 

34(2) 
ITestyng liv. (2"), Iv. 

Hewett ... ... 136. 137 

Heydon 38, 39 (3). 57. 58, 

59,83, 85, xl.,xxxi.(3), 

xlviii. (2), xlix., Ivii. 
Heyles ...39, xxvi., Iv., Ixvi. 
Hides ... ... xxxviii. 

Hickson ... xxvi. 

HilJer Ixxx. 

Hill ... ... 70, l.xxi. 



ex IV, 



CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 





PiiZe 




Pa-e 1 




Pa^« 


Hindringhim 


Ixix. 


Jakkysson 


156 1 


Langham 


xix. 


Hinsby ... 


Ixx. 


Jakson ... 


xxix. 


Langle ... 


xxix. 


II'PP 


xxxvi. 


Jaksun ... 


155 


Larkyn (Lerkin) 


Ixvii. 


Hixe(?Nixe) ... 


Ixviii. 


'lames I. of Scotland 49 


Larwood 


I. 


Hoare ...147, 149, i 


5'. 152 


James 12 


1, xix., Iv., Ixxvii. 


Latyn^er 


24 


Hobart ... 29, jo 


07, Hi. 


jarvis, xiii. 


(2), XV. (4), xxxix. 


Lawrence 


lii. 


Hoddesfcld 


23 


Jeckes ... 


... xxxvi. 


Lavvson 


xxviii. 


Hodson 


133 


Jekkys ... 


139, Ixxiv. 


Laxton ... 


139 


Hogg ... 


xvii. 


Jenkins .. 


... Ixxx. 


Leak, v. (4). xvii. 


(6), xix., 


Hokar 


Ixvi. 


Jenkinson 


... li., xlix. 


xli., Ixxvii. 




Hoker ... l\xl^ 


-., Ixxv. 


Jenney ... 


1. 


Leake xxxviii. 


(2), xxxix. 


Holdyche 


xlix. 


Jermy ... 


liii. 


Learner 


xxiv. 


Holland xxxvi. (2) 


Jewell ... 


... 43, 09 


Leche ... 


35 


Holmes 


1. 


Jex, see Je 


ekes and Jekkys 


Lees ... 


xxviii. 


Holtyng 


xxix. 


Johnson 


139, I44,'.\iii. (2). 


L'Lstrange 


Ixv. 


Hook x.xxviii., .xli 


, Ixxiii. 


xxxii. 


(2), xxxiii., Ixx., 


Le l-ranco-s 


.. ii, (2) 


Hopton 


37 


Ixxv. ( 


2), Ixx\i. 


Letnan ... 44, xxv. (2) 


Horborgh 


129 


John the Dane ... xxxiii. 


Lemon ... 


xxxvi. 


Howard xviii. (2) 


XXV., 


Jolly ... 


Lxvi, 


Lemonie 


xxv. 


xxxviii., xli. 




Joly ... 


94 


Lenesson 


17 


Howe 


xxxvi. 


Jolyf ... 


xlviii. 


Le Neve 


140 


Howes, 41, xviii., 


XX. (2), 


Jones ... 


■•• 144, 145 


Leve 


124 


Ixxiii,, Ixxvi., see 


Howse 


jonson ... 


xxx. 


Leveve ... 


xxv. 


Howeson 


94 






Lewys ... 


xlviii. 


Howet ... 


xxix. 






Life ... 


39 (2), 42 


Howse, Ixviii. (2), Ixn 


., Ixxii. 


Ratine ... 


XXV. 


Limesi de, 17, 20, 


21 (3;, 22 


see Howes 




Kaye ... 


156, Ixxiv. 


(3), 79, 122 




Hughfil' 


XXV. 


Keke ... 


51, Ixxiii. 


Lindsay de 


. 23, 122 


Hughes 


67 


Kemp ... 


63, 81, 96 


Lines ... 


xix. 


Hughson 


Ixvii. 


Kennedy 


... XV. (4) 


Lingthweyt de . 


liii. 


Hunt ... 


Ixxv. 


Rente ... 


Ixviii. 


Lister ... 


xvi. 


Hunlt' ... 


X xviii. 


Ken tone 


137 


Listowel, Viscoun 


of 31 


Hurry ... 


xxix. 


Kerrich ... 


81, 107, 112 


Listowe', Countess of 31 


Hurst, 73, xxxvi,, 


XX xvii. 


Keswick 


152 


Lodbrok de 


. So, 12S 


li., Ixxii. 




Rett 


xxxvu. 


Lokett ... 


xiv. 


Husbonde 


xxxiv. 


KettiU ... 


Ixvi. 


Lorn 


XXV,, xlvii. 


Hutcheson 


xxxii. 


Kettles ... 


xxiii. 


Lomb ... 


xxv. (2) 


Hutchesson 


xwii. 


Killington 


Ixxvii. 


Lomnor 


27, 57. 5S 


Hutchinson 


xxxvii. 


Kimball 


Ixxi. 


London 


ixxvi. 


Hutton ... 


Ixxvi. 


Kimble 


... 61, 65 


London, Bishop of 124 


HVy 


XXV. 


King 


... !., xvii. 


Long x.\. (2), 


xxi., xxix. 


Hydes 


Ixxxi. 


Kinge ... 


xxxvi. 


Loo^e ... 


xxi. 


HykljTigde 


13^ 


Kirby, 69, 


xii., XVI., xxxvii. 


Lound Atte 


hv. 


Hylders 


58,1. 


(3). x-^ 


xviii. (2), xli. (2), 


Louihe ... 


Ix. 


Hynde, xxx., xxxi., 


xxxii., 


111. (2 




Love ,.. 1 


xxi., Ixxix. 


Ixvi., Ixix. (2) 




Knighte... 


Ivi. 


Lowe ... 


Ixx, 


Hymyng 


Ixxiii. 


Knights 


Ixv'., Ixxvi. 


Lownd ... xxxviii., xli. (3) 


Hy...son(?) 


xxviii. 


Krolles 


xiix. 


Lucas ... 


124, li. 


Hyxe, xxvii, see Hi\ 


e 


KnoUys 


... 82, S3 


Lukn ... 


136 






Knowles 


S2 


Lukin; ... 


3» 






Rnowls ... 


xi. 


Lumnor... 


29 


IlbjTl 


132 


Knyght ... 


xxx. 


Lund de 


xlvi. 


Ingham ... 


xxviii. 


Rylbey ... 


Ixix. 


Luscote 


126 


Inglond 21, 3 


?, 1., Ix. 


Rylbie ... 


Ixxviii. 


Lynde ... 


23 


Iteiingham de 


122 


Rymball 


IxxvL, 






Ivory ... 


xliii. 


Kyrkeman 


Iv. 






Ixforthe 


Ixxviii. 


Kyrtesson 


17 


Macdonald 
Mack, fee Mikke 
Maddy ... 


3» 

147, 14JS 

Ixx. 


Jacob 


xxi. 


Lambe ... 


xxxiii. (2), Ixxx. 


Madessone 


17 


Jakkison 56, i 


56, Ixvi. 


Lancaster 


21, 52. SZ, 5^ 


Maggis ... 


Ixxiv. 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



Pa^e 

Maples (Magics?) Ixix. 

Magnus xxxii., xxxiii. (3) 

Magun ... ... Lxxx. 

Makke ... 14S, Ixxv! 

Malachy ... 52, 53 

Malihouse ... xli. 

Mambray ... 129, 130 

Manby ... ... jt, 

Mangill... ... ixviu. 

Mangilles or Mangles, xxvi., 
x.\x., x.xxv., li., l.vxi,, 
Ixxvii. 

Manne ... ... xxvii. 

Mannisfcld (Manmysteld), 
85, 13S, Ixxiii., see 
Mansfield or Mannisfield 

Mannyngliam ... xx^iii. 

Mansfcld ... xxviii. 

Maiit ... ... xx.x. 

Man wood ... Ivi. 

Maran ... ... xxv. 

Marchall, xxviii., see Mar- 
shall 

Marche ... xlviii., Ixix 

Marge (Marse or Marnye?), 
xxxi. 

Maris or Mar)'s Lxx., Ixxi. 

Mar (Meir ?) ... li. 

Marriiier (?; ... x.Kxiv. 

Marriney ... Ixxi. 

Marryner ... Ixxix. 

Marshall, 80, SS, xl., Ixxii., 
see Marchall 

Marsye ... ... Ixxvi, 

Marten ... ... Ixvii. 

Martin ... 135, xl., Ixvii. 

Marline ... 140, 141 

Martyn ... 49, 56, 84, Jxxvi. 

Maryot ... ... 132, Iv. 

Mason, 56, 57, S4, xvin. ^3), 
xxvii., xli., Ixv., Ixvi., 
l.xvii. (2;, Ixxv., xli. 

Matchett ... Ixxvi. 

Mailask ... xxxvi. 

Matthew ... 134 

Mauclerk ... 123 (2) 

Maveman ... l.Kxvi. 

Mayes ... ... xix. 

Mayne ... ... Lxix. 

Mayson ... Lxvi. 

Mean ... ... Ixxi. 

Mendham, xxvi., xxx., Ixviii. 

Metzuer ... 75 

Meulings de ... 30 

Mich til' ... 124 

Mickelburgh x^i. (2), xvii. 

Mickleburgh ... .wxviii. 

Middleton ... xx., xxi. 

Milehara 1 32, Ixxiii. 

Mileiii ... ... 132 

Milhara ... 132 



Pa^e 
Miller, xxiv., xxxv., xxxvi., 

xxxvii. (2), xxxviii., 

xl. (2,1, xlvii., 1., lii. 

(2), Ixv., l.\.\i., Ixxii., 

Ixxvi., Ixxvi:. 
Millcie ... ... xlvii. 

Mingay, see Myngaye i-;0 



.Mu-lield de 
Moanes ... 
.Mudy ... 
Moira ... 
.Molton .. 
Molyns ... 
•Monday 
-Mundye... 
.Money ... 
.\louey Ic 
Montjye le 



128 ; 

xxxvi. I 

156 1 
701 

lxvi., Ixviii. : 

50. 

134 

134. 

75. 124, 134 

134. x-^v. . 

'34: 



xxvii., lxvi. 
xxv. (2j, see 



Monie le, xxv., see Monye 
.Monise ... 
Munsey ... 
Moiiion 
Monyo le, 
Monii 
Moore ... 
Morden 
Mordew 
-Morlee de 
-Morris ... 



Pl-re 

Nevele ... 21,36 

Newland ... ixxii. 

Newman, 93, xxviii., ii., ixxL 

Ixxvi.i. (2), 
Newstead ... xx. (3) 

Newton ... 1. 

Nicholas ... Ixxxi. 

NichuUs ... li. 

Nicholscn ... xiv. 

Nickols xiv., xxi. (2) 

Nightingale ... \\\i, 

Xockcils ... xli. 

Norfolk, Earl of ... 25 

Norfoike ... I xxi v. 

.\ons, xxvii., see NortiS 
Norman, 47, 95, 132, xlviii., 

Ixiii., ixxiv , Ixxv. 
Norris, 28, Ixy., l.xj'.iii., see 

Noris 
North Reppesde... xlvi, (2) 
Norwich, Bishop of, 35 (3), 

56, 2>7, 57, 58, S3. 88, 

90, loi, I2j, 127, xliii., 



54 
xxxvi., xxxvii. 
Lxxvi. (2) i 

liii. ! 
.x.xxvi. (i) j 
.Mosse, 37, 44, xxv. (4), Ixxix. I 
Moulton, xi., L\xv. (2), see [ 
i Mukon 

LMoundcford ... 85; 

j .Mounk ... ... xlvii. j 

.Mountain ... xli., lii. f 

-Mower ... ... l.xxvi. I 

-MowUon (Multon) ixxv. | 

-Moyne le 134, xxv, 

-Mude ... ... lxvi, 

-Muiings ... liii, 

-Multon, 99, 139, xxvii., 
xx.iii., ixxxv.,l.xxv. (4), 
see -Mouilon 
-Multon de 



Note 

Nurse ... 
Nytingale 



Ixxiv. 
xviii. 
hvvii. 



Oddyngelis ... xlvii, 

Odingsells, 20 (2), 22 (8), 

33 12), \. 
Odyngsels de, 33, 122, sec 

hdingsel 
Olde ... 
Oram 

Osbern, Fitz 
0:.bcrt til 
Usbert, Fitz 
Ojborn 



lxvi 



-Mund-iy 

-Munds ... 

Mundy ... 

Muiiilys 

.Muak ... 

-Muason 

Musiroytt 

-Muswliyie 

Myngaye 

-Myi.gye 

iMynhcer 



Neal ... 
Nekton de 
NeUoii 
Ncve 



139 1 

1341 
Lxvu. 

134 

XilX. 

xxv. 

Ixi.x., J.xxviii. (2) j 

xxvii. j 

lxxx. • 

... Lx. (a)l 

60 (2), Ivii. (2) , 
... .XDC. (2) 



XIV., XXXIX, I 

126 
xv.ii. 
l.x.xxi. 



Osteler 
Otes 

Overman 
Overton 
Owles ... 



XXXVI., 1. 

lx., 



Oxford, Earl of 



ii. Lxix. 

33 
(2), 33 
32 
25 
4.9 

1X1. 

Ixxv. 

Ixxvii. 

l.\.\viii. 

37 



Packman lxx , Ixxix. 

Page ... ... xviii. 

Paget 31 

Pagrave lx., Ixi. (2) 

Pain ... 41, 42, xxxvii. 
Paine li. (3), hi , Ixxi. (2) 
Pakenham de ... 25 

Palgrave, 63, 64, 83, 139, 

Lxxv. 
Palm' ... ... xxvi. 

Palmer ...xviii., xlvi., Ixviii. 
Pame (Paine?) ... li. 

Pampyn ... Ixv. 



CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 



Page\ 
Pank xvi. (2), xvii. {2), xwu.. Popyr.geay 
xxxvii., Ixxiii. (2;, I'onci ... 



Ixxvii. 


(2) 




Puirctt ... 


Parant ... 




xxix. 


Poisor .. 


Parkes ... 




xxiii. 


Porter .. 


Parnell ... 




Ixvi. 


I'owells 


Partridge 




vi. (2), xxiv. 


ro-.\le .. 


Passheleu 




x\v. 


Poye .. 


Passeleu 




XXV. 


' Plate .. 



Paston 20. 23 (6), 24 (9) 
57, 58, xlviii., liv. 

Patrike ... 

Pattesson 147, 151, 

Paul xxxvii., 73, lii., i\.\i.l. 

Pawter ... ... x.\x. 

Paycock (Peacock) Ixv. 

Payn ... 85, 132, xxxli. 

Payne, 40, 41, 73, xi., xviii. 
(2), x.\x., xxxii., xxxiii., 
xxxvi. (4), Ixix., Ixxi., 
Ixxii. (3), Ixxvi., Ixxvii. 
(2), Ixxviii., lx.xx. 



Pearson, 93 
(3), xxxvii 
xlii., Ixxiii 

Peck ... 

Pecocke Ixx., 
Paycock 

Pecok ... 

Peele ... 

Peerscn 

Pelham ... 

Pelle ... 

Penned ... 

Pergall ... 

Penson ... 

Perm an 

Perne ... 

Perrot ... 

Pert 

Pescod ... 

Peter ... 

Phillipis 

\ inkeny 

Pinkenny de 

Pinkney de 

Platen ... 

Platfoote 



Pa-e I ^^?' 

xlvni. Reymes, 21, 28, 34, 39, 13'^. 
Lxviii. (2)1 Ixxvi., I.XXX1. 

xxix. I Reymes de,25, 33 (4), 34 (-) 

.. Ixvii. (2) i Reymund ... 44, ^'^^v. 

xxi. j Reyner ... ... xlvu. 

1. i Rice ... viii., xxviii. 

Lxv. , Ixxx. ! Rich ... ... 124 

23, 50 Richardson lio, xxxiv., 
xxxii, j xxxvi., Ixxi. (2), Ixxii., 

vo. Prater (?), xxxii., xxxiii., I „. l^-^^'"'- ^. , , 

Ixxix (2) «ee Prcter i Richardson als. Riches Ixxvi. 
15S Prator ..." "... 1. Rjcheman 

152 I'less xxi. (3) Riches, xvin 

Preter ... ... xxix., x.x.xvui., xh 

Ixxv. see Prater \ Rickman 

Ixx. I Ridgewell 
135 i Ridiboneman 
iCoiRie 
xxvii. j Rightwise 
Ixxix. ! Rippingal 
Ixvii. I Risburge 
Ixxviii. ! Rivers ... 
(2), xxvi. : Rivet ... 
! Rivet (?) 
Ixxvi. I Rivett ... 
Ixx. Rix 

I Robbyns 
Robert, King 
Roberts 



Prevter ... 
Price ... 
Procter ... 
i'uliani ... 
i'urdy ... 
Purte ... 
Pyckeringe 



., xvii. . Pye 148, 149,^-' 



, xxxix., .xl. 
Ixxvii. 

lxx\-i. Pylgrym 
L\xiv. see ! 



Ixxii. 
Pye als. Shipden 



i Quincey 
lxv. I Quinsay 
xix., xxxix, , Qweniement 
xlviii. 1 



xii. (2) 



liv. 



147 I 
Ixxix. Rannsome ... xxxiii, 

Ixxiv. I Ransom 40, 42, 73, 149, xiv. 
l.xxvi. I (4), ^li., 1^12:. 

liv. ! Ransome, xxiv., xxx., 

xxix. j xxxvii. (2), xx.xviii. (3), 

54 1 .xxxix. (2), lii., Lx.xi., 

xxvii. I \\r.'n. 

xxxvi. i Ranson ... ... 149 



Robkin ... 

RobkiDge 

Robinson 

Robkin ... 

Robkyn 

Robiart 



. 49, Ix. 

xxxvii., 

Ixxii. 

81 

li. 

S4 

xxxiv. 

Ixvi. 

.. xvii. (2) 

.. xxxvi. 

43 

.. xxxvii. 

xxxvi. 

.. Ixxii. (2) 
Ixxv. 

XXX. 

49 

.. 94, 134 

38 

.. . 3« 

xxxvi., 1. 

lxx\i. 

,.. 3M- 

8s 



61, 63, 65 I Rant 37 (3), 39 (2), 41, 67 Rolvesson 



Ixxix. I Raunson 
xxviii. \ Rawnsome 
22; Ray 
122 , Rayner ... 
22 j Ra}nolds 
Ixxii. I Read 
Ixxv. 1 Rede, 23, 51 
Plattin (?), xxxvi. (2), Ixxvii. 1 Ixxv. 

Platlinge ... Iv. | Reed, 5 

Platton... ... xl. |Reede . 

Plattyn ... ... xxxvi. ' Reeve 

Play ford 35, 3^ (2), 156 Rcmigi" 

Plumbly 90, v. (5), 
xlii., lii., Ixxiii 



.. 40, Ixix. , Rome 



Robyns xxvi. (2), x.xxi., xnx. 
42, xiv. 
ixvi. 
24 
56 
17 
56, Ixvi. 



Rogers 
Roke 
Rokewode 
Rolle ... 



xxvii. I Ropers ., 
.. xii. (2) Rossy ... 
II, Ixvii., ; Roston ... 
i Roughton 
56, 84, 156, Ixvii. Rous ... 
51, Ixxiv. 1 Rowell ... 
Ixviii. j Rowlond 
36 ! Rowse . . . 
Rennesson ... 171 Ruddam 

Rent (Rant?) ... xxvi. 1 Rudde 



Plumley 
Plumslead de 
Ponder ... 
Ponynges 
Pope ... 
Popye ... 



xxxviii. Repps ... ... 83JRudge... 

43 , Reppes de 1 8. 43, :^vi. (3), j Rug ... 
Ixxvi. I liv. I Rugge ... 

xlviii. i Rcpton ... ... 25 (4) , Ruiplvue de 

Ixvi. : Reve ... ... xxix. | Runtone de 

Ixxv. I Rey (see Rye) ... xxxvi. \ Russell ... 



Rook, 73, xxi. (2), xii. (2), 

(2) ' Rooke x.xxvii., xlii., Ixxviii. 
- 21, 24, 43 

52 
ii3 
135 
28 
Ixvii. 
xxviii., xxix. 
29 
xxix. 
56, 84, 138, Ixxiv. 
93 
Ixi. 
29, 157, xlix. 
124 
124 
li. 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



CXVil. 



Page 
Rust lOl, I48,viii. (2), ix.(3), 
xxiii. (2), XXV., xxxvui., i 
xxxix. 



Ixx. 



133, Ixxvi, 

22 

xxiv. 

, 77, 147, 14S, 

, 154, xxiv. (3), 

(2), xli., Ix., 



Ruston ... 
Ruston de 
Ry ... 
R>e, 60, 76 

150, 153 

xxxvi. 

Ixx., Ixxii. (4), Ixxix 

(see Rey and Kie) 

Ryston ... ... 133 

Ryston de ... 133 

Rysying ... xxviu. 



S ... XXX. (2) 

Soars (Say ers ?) ... Ixix. 

Sace ... xl., Ixxi., Ixxx. 
Sadeler... ... xxvi. 

Sadler 85, 87,xxxiii., xxxiv., 
xxxvii.,li. (2), Ixix., Ixx., 
I.\xi. (2j, Ixxviii. 
Sahara de ... liii. 

Salman ... 132, Ixxiii. 

Salmon ... ... xviii. 

Sailer ... ... 1. 

Sandford 95, 99, xi., xxii, (5), 

xxiv., xxxix. 
Sanford 100, 147, xxxix. 

ixxix. 
xxxi. 
xxxii. 
ix. 
xviii. 
Ixxv. 
80 
Ixxv. 
22, 52 

35 
lx.x. 

35 

25, »i 

xviii. 

155 
xxix. I 

, XXXIX 



Shortin;:je 
; ShortynL,'e 

Shrympiyng 
I Sliypden 
' Sibbessone 
'Sibbs ... 
ib.llis ... 
' Simond (Camond?) ixvi. 
I Simons 91, xxi. (2), xxiii. (3), 
xxxviii. 



Page 

ixxviii. 

S<3 

xlviii. 

- 24, 34 

17 

136, ii., vi. 



Sipeden de 
Sink ... 
Si<eyton de 
Sicillman 
Skinner 
Skot ... 
Skotte ... 
bkievenor 
Sky] man 
Slcynner 
Slape ... 
Smiili 44, 69, 



xlvi, 

XXV, 

xlvii, 
Ixvi, (2) 



Staes ... 

S^aiiUchmidt 

Stalliam 

btaliiam de 

Sialics ... 

Standon de 

Stanhow 

Stailiors 

Stapleton 

Stapuil 

Supulton 

St. Uenci'., 

Steageman 

Stephens 



xli. Sterne 
xxvi. I Steward.. 
Ixviii. j Stockyn 
158 ! Stokes .. 
Stcne .. 
Si on ham 
Storey .. 
Streiche 



»4 
xxix. 

Ixxi. 

133. 153. 



Sare 

Sarrse . . . 
Saise ... 
Sase 

Saunderson 
Sautre ... 
Saxham de 
Sayve ... 
Scales ... 
Scambler 
Scar 

Schypdene de 
Scott ... 
Seaman 
Semer ... 
Sengleton 
Sexton ... XX} 
Seyle ... 
Shank ... 
Shanke 60, Ivii. 
Sharpe ... 
Shay 
Shell 56, 84, 

(Shelly ?) 
Shelley ... 
Saeppard 
Sheringham 
Sherwood 
Shintield 
Shipden 
Short ... 



X., XI. (2), xui. (3), xvi. 

(2), xvii , xix. (3), xxiv., 

xxxvii. (,2;, xxxi.K., xl. 

(2), xli. (3), li., ].x.xi., 

l.xxii., l.xxx. 
S my the ... xxxiv., Ixxv. 

Sm)ih 56, X., XXV., .xxvi., 

xxix., li , Iv. (4) 



123 

... 60, Ivii. 
(2), Ix. (2) 

- 93, 137 
... Ixxviii. 
96, Ixxv. 

Ixvii. 
30 

93 
... 140, 141 

49 

149, Ixxix. 

Ixxix. 



Snelling 


66 


Snolleton de 


liv. 


Soames 


93 


Somerton de 


. Sr, l.x^. 


Soutersone de 


liv. 


Southowse 


56 


Spark ... 


• 15s, 156 


Sparke ... 


. IXV. (2) 


Sparks ... 


5' 


t par we... 


23 


Spelman li. (see 


Spilman) 


Spencer 


• 50, ^n 


SpiUman xxxv. 


, h., l.xxi. 


Spilman 83, 150, xxx.. 


xxxiii., x;.xiv 


., Ixx., 


Ixxvi. (2) (see 


Spvlman) 


Spiltimber 


. Ixxv. 


Spincke (Spynk) .. 


Izxv. 


Spooner 


lii. 


Sprag-er 


Lxvii. 


Springald 


Lxx., Ixxi. 


Sprini^alf 


^23 


Springail 


150 


Springold xxxiv 


. (2), Ixx. 


.Spurgeon 


xiv. 


Spylman xxxi.. 


xxxii., 


xlviii., 1. 




ypynk 


99 


Stacey ... 


xvi. 


Siacy ... 


xlix. 


Stageman 


Ixxvii. 



Pa.-e 
lii. 

»03 

... 129, 130 

130 

xlix. 

liv, 

... S3. 95 

xi. 

xxxvi. 

lxvii. 

26 

\Lbot of 36 

x;ii. 

lxvii. 

I.xxxi. 

49 
... 131 

... 09 Xll. 
... xiv. (2) 
42 
... xxi. (2) 
... 23(2) 
Strong 56, i57-^--<vii..Jxvii. 
Slronge ... 157, Ixxiv., l.xxv. 
Sty wards ... 49 

Subbold ... xx'x. 

Subboide ... Ixviii! 

Sufteld xx.x., x.xxL, xxxii., 

xli.x. (2), 1, 
SufTell ... ... xxxvii. 

Suiueld ... 21 (2), 2S, 40, 77 
Suffolk, Earl of ... 26, 53 
Surflete ... Jxxiii. 

^urr ... ... .\x.\iii, 

Surrey, Earl of ... 52 

Surtees ... ... 17 

Sussin ... ... Ixxvii. 

Sussins ... ... 70 

Susson ... ... 73 

Swan 41, 42, 73, xxi., xxu. 
(6), xxiv., xxxviii., xd., 
xlii., Ixxviii. 
Swann ... ... xxxvi. 

Swanne... Ixxxi. (3) 

S wanton 122, Ixxix. 

Swayne the Dane xxxiii. 
Sydny ... ... lix. (2) 

Symmys ... xxvii. 

Symonds 2S, 30, lxvii. 

xlvi. 
Iv. 



Sythestrond de 
Sywhat 



Tabald ... 
Tabbe ... 
Tailour ... 
Talbot ... 
Taunte ... 
Taylor 60, 62, 79, 

xiii., Ixxiii. 
Taylour 



34, 123 

Ixxxi. 

124 

134 

xxvi. 



139, 



lxvii 



CXVlll. 



CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT. 



Pa^t I 
Tebald 34, 44. "2^, xxv. (2) \ Upcher ... 
Tebaud... 33, xlvii. (2) Urban ... 

Tebaut ... ... 33 (2) ; Urford 

Tenant (Tebaut ?) 21,341 

Terry xix. (3), xlL, xlii., 1 y^^^^^ 

Ixxvii. 
Thackwell 
Thaxter 
Themilthorp 
Theobald 
Thetford 
Thomelyn 
Thommes 



Page \ P^S^ 

ijbiWeyland 24(2), I2i 

125, 129 Wcyiand de, 20 (2), 22 (5), 
15S 23 (5) 

Weylona de ... 44, 50 

Whale ... ... ii. 

Whall xl i. , X 



liv 
39. Ixxvu 1 

271 

54; 

Thompson Ixx.. Ixxvii., Ixxxl. ; 
Thomson als. Barker lxxvi.(2) 
Thorman xix. (2), xx. 

Thomham 56, Ixxiv. 

Thorp de 21, 25, 26, 33, 34 (4) 



;\auxde ... ^i Ixxvi 

^^^- , Venysher xxx., see \ ynysher ■ wheailey 
'^3jVerede ... 2{. 37, wheatly 
i;!.-^ Veysey l^"'"'- Whiibie 



Vial 


XV. 


Vynysher 1 x x i x . 


, see 


Venysher 




Vyolette 


lix. 


Vyslon ... 


xxviii. 



Thrower 
Tillard... 
Todd 42, xxxvi. 

(2), Ixxiii. 
Told (Todd?) . 
Toly ... 
Tomlins 



Wace ... 

Wadelowe 
Ixxvi. Ixix. 

147 Walcote de 
xl., lxxii.,t Walden 

; Waidy ( ? ) 
xxv. j Wales, Prince of 
XX vi. I Walker 70, 71, 
21, 27, 43 i Walleworth de 



Tomlyn 21 (2), 29, Ixxvii. | \Valonr 



Tomlynges 
Tomlyngs 
Tompson 
Tower ... 
Townsend 
Towlyng 
Toyle ... 
Tremlett 
Trenchemer 
Trunch de 
Tubber .. 
Tucker 146, xiii 

xxxix. 
Tugge 



1. I Walpook 







29 




y.ii. 


Ixxvii. 
1: 


75. 


153, 


11. 
xlviii. 
xxix. 
xxvii. 



124 



xxvu. 
xiv. (4), 



Walsingham 
Walssh 
Ward 98 

Ixxiv., Ix.wiii. 
Warde Ixvi., Ixx. (2)., Ixxv. 

(2), IXXX. 

I Wardlaw 



I White 
I Whitefoote 
IWhitinge 
1 Whittbie 
W'hypp ... 
i Wig<;ett 
IWighte... 
!Wilby ... 
jWild xxvi., xxxi 
I Ixxix. (3), Ixxx 

I Willamans 
{ Willament 
52 I Willamont 
xxvi. j Willemot 
94! Williams 
123 i Williamson 
l.xxvi. ; Wiiliment 
35, 59 ' Willoughby 
... xlviu. 12) ! WiUowby 
157, xxxiv., I., ! Wilson 
WMtcn 
Windham 
31. 32 
149 



. , Ixxii., 

29 

29 

Ixx. 

141, Ixxv, 

Ixv. 

Iv. 

Ixxxi. 

xxxvi. 



xxvu. 
(Waddilove ? ) 



xlvii. 
Ixxii. 
xxvi. 



Ixxv. 
Ixxiii. 
, Ixix., 



W^arner 123, xx 

Ixxv. 
Walpole 
Warren de, 1 9, 

47 



XSXiX. 

.\.\vi., 



XV. 1 Winter .. 
21, 37 (3), ! W'iseman 



Tuke 
Tukke .. 
Tule .. 
Tuppen 
Turner .. 
Tusard .. 
Tutlye .. 
Tyler .. 



133- 139. 1^-<'V. 
49. 9S, 133, 139 
133 



I Waryn, 44. 51. I3-. >^xv. (2) | Withers 



xli. 

xii. (2), Ixxii, 

Ixxii. 

... xxxvii. 

93 

xxviii,. Ixix. 

... xxxviii. 

XXX., xlix. 

Ixxi. 

Ixxi. 

xix. 

20, 29, 30, 

69, lOl, 144, 

X. (3), .xi. (2), 

xiv., XXXV. (3). xxxviii., 

xxxix., xL (2), xli., lii. 

128 

.. 61,65 

i Witchingham de ... 



155. 



Uffet Ixx. 

Ufifordao, 25. 26 (7), 27 (2), 
30, 32, 35 (3). 41. 42, ! 
82, xi. I 

Ufford de 25, 26 (3), l.xxui. 1 

UfFordys .•• 29 

Underwood 20, 29 (3), 30 (3\ Wcivyck 
60, 9|, 134- XXXV., 1. (2), : Wohvyk 
li. (2), Ivii. (4). Iviii., i Weston 
lix.. (2\ Ixv., Ixxvi. (2) j Wc=ton de 

Undrewood ... lix. (2) | Wethcrby 



xxv. j Witten ... 

Ix. . Witting 

l54!Wlf(UIph?) 

Ixxix. I Wltled ... 

K\v. ; Wode Atte 

Webb 73, xii.. xiii., xxii. (3), | Wodchouse 

xxiii., xxxvii., xxxix., | Wodehouse atte 
Ixxii., Ixxiii. j Wodeson 

Webster xxxvi., Ixx., Ixxii. 1 Wolley ... 
Weetinge ... Ixxix. 1 Wolman 

Weld ... ••• 69 1 WoodcrctTe 



Wataille 
Waterdone 
49 Waterhouse 
154 I Watson 134, 139 XX 
xxxix. I Wawys 
123 
Ixxx. 
Ixxi. 



77 



Wfldyn 
Welle 
Welles 
Welman 
Wei ton ... 



154. 155 



xxxvi. j Woodcroft 
155, Ixxiv. (2)1 Woodhou 



Ixvni. I Wcodhus 
Ixxvi. { Woodrof 
Ixviii. 1 Woodrow 
IxviiL i Woodsiccke 
xxvi. ! W'oolsy ... 
lii. j Wooton... 
12S ; W^ootton 
xxii- i Wordham 



40 
lii. 
xix. 

XXX X. 

liii. 

liv. (2) 

123, liv. 

, xxxvii. 

123 

17 

Ixiv, 

Ixxv. 

xxxvi. 

xxvi. 

:; P 

Ixviii. 

xli. (2), lii. 

Ixxvi. 

xxxvi. (2) 

28 

82 

68 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



CX1?C. 



Wotton ... 28, 82 ' Wylkynessone 

Worcester de ... 22 Willowby 

Wrask ... ... 49 i Wylloughby 

Wright 31, 78, XX , xxxviii., j Wymer 

xli., Ixvi., Ixvii. (2), 1 Wyndham 30 (io), 31 (3). j Wyr.iiiig 



Page 




Pi' 


131 


Wyliot 


1 ■; 


Ixxi. 


Wyngreworlh de .. 


12S 


xxxi. 


Wynter 


z'u :S 


Ixxvi, 


Wyskyn 


x\v:i. 



Wri£;hte 


31 1 


Wuiflete 


155 1 


Wychingham de . 


. 36, 46 


Wylfull... 


155 


Wyliot ... 


13S 


Wyld ... 


XXX. 1 


Wylde xxxi., xx 


xii., ixix., 1 


Ixxix. 


1 



38. 40. 41 42. 4'. 

57, 58, 66. 67, 68, 69,1 

73, 74, 75, 76. SS, lOl, j Vannouth 

133, Ij6, 144, 145, 146, Yarmouth La-^y 

149, iii. (4). iv. (^), ' Vax'ey 

xxi., xxiv., XXX., xxxvii., Yn^londe 

xxxix., .xK (4). xliii., li. ^ Voungman 

(2), Iii. (2), Ixxiii. ! 



?4 
67 
102, 103 
39 
153 



N. MANCHESTER. 
INDIANA 



}i