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CROYDON 

AND THE GREAT WAR 



LIBRARIES COMMITTEE OF THE CORPORATION 

OF CROYDON 




PRESENTED BY THE CORPORATION OF 

THE COUNTY BOROUGH OF CROYDON 

IN GRATEFUL RECOGNITION OF THE 

SERVICE AND SACRIFICE OF 



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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2008 with funding from 

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http://www.archive.org/details/croydongreatwaroOOmoor 



CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 




Town Hall, Croydon 

From the official Photograph, 1896, in commemoration of its opening 

by the Prince of Wales (King Edward VII.) 



^CROYDON AND THE 
GREAT WAR 

The Official History of the War Work of the Borough 
and its Citizens from 19 14 to 1919 



TOGETHER WITH 

The Croydon Roll of Honour 



Edited by 

Ald. H. KEATLEY MOORE, 

B.A., B.MUS., J.P. 
Honorary Freeman of the Borough ; Mayor from 1906 to 1908 

Assisted by 

W. C. BERWICK SAYERS, 

F.L.A. (HONS.) 
■Chief Librarian ; Author of " Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, Musician," etc. 



WITH ILLUSTRATIONS AND PORTRAITS 




Prepared under the direction 

and at the cost of the Corporation 

of Croydon and pubUshed at the 

Central Public Library, 

Town Hall, Croydon. 

1920 



CONTENTS. 



Part One— INTRODUCTORY 

Page 

Chapter I. Introduction . . . . , . . 13 

„ II. The Course of Events in Croydon during the War 18 

„ III. Croydon County Borough Council, 1914 to 1919 47 



Part Two— THE MILITARY RECORD 



Chapter I. 
II. 
III. 
IV. 
V. 
VI. 
VII. 
VIII. 
IX. 
X. 

XI. 

XII. 
XIII. 
XIV. 



Before the Great War 

The Queen's . 

The Fourth Queen's 

The I /4th Queen's . 

The 2/4th Queen's . 

The 3 /4th Queen's . 

The 4/4th Queen's . 

The Fourth Reserve Queen's 

The 69th Provisional Battalion (The 19th Queen's) 

The Surrey (Queen Mary's Regiment) Yeomanry 

( " C " Squadron ) . 
The South Eastern Mounted Brigade ; Transport 

and Supply Column, A.S.C. 
The National Reserve ..... 

The Volunteers ...... 

The Boy Scouts ...... 



57 
59 
61 

6S 
70 

79 
88 
90 
91 

93 

98 
100 
102 
116 



Part Three— SEMI-MILITARY SERVICES 

Chapter I. Recruiting ....... 

„ II. The Military Tribunals 

,, III. Munitions Work, and War Work of the Electricity 
Committee ...... 



125 



133 



Part Four— THE CIVILIAN FORCES 



Chapter I. 

II. 

., III. 
IV. 



The Croydon Sub-Division of the " W " Division 
of the Metropolitan Special Constabulary 

The Thornton Heath and South Norwood Sub- 
Division of the M.S.C 

The Women Patrols ..... 

The Fire Brigade ...... 



137 

150 
156 
157 



Part Five— HOSPITAL, AID & RELIEF 



SERVICES 

Pa^e 



Chapter I. 


Medical and Hospital Services . 


. 163 




II. 


Croydon War Hospital Supplies Depot 


• 173 




III. 


Croydon War Supplies Clearing House 


175 




IV. 


Mayor's Committee 


180 




V. 


War Pensions Committee . 


184 




VI. 


Mayoress's Needlework Committee 


191 




, VII. 


Mayoress's War Fund Committee 


194 




, VIII. 


Mayoress's Flag Day Committee 


195 




IX. 


Belgian Refugees Fund 


197 




X. 


Soldiers' and Sailors' Recreation Rooms 


200 




XI. 


Croydon Local Central War Savings Committee . 204 




, XII. 


Croydon District Association of Voluntary 




Organizations .... 


. 208 




Part Six— FOOD AND FUEL 




Chapter I, 


The Allotments Movement 


. 213 


II. 


National Kitchens .... 


. 217 


HI. 


The Control of Food 


219 


„ IV. 


Women's Land Army 


. 227 


, 


V. 


The Control of Fuel and Light . 


228 



Part Seven— VICTORY 



Chapter I. Armistice Day 
„ II. Peace Day 



235 
237 



THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 



The Glorious Dead 247 

Military Honours ........ 424 

Returned Prisoners-of-War ....... 434 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

(Excluding the Roll of Honour.) 



Page 



I. — Town Hall, Croydon ; from the official photograph, 1896, 
in commemoration of its opening by the Prince of Wales 
(King Edward VII). . . . . . . Frontispiece 

2. — ^Alderman Frank Denning, J.P., First War-Mayor (Nov., 

1913, to Feb., 1916) ....... 20 

— Mrs. Denning (Mayoress, Nov., 1913 to Feb., 1916) . 21 

— Ruined Houses in Beech House Road ; Zeppelin Air-raid 

(13th Oct., 1915) 28 

, — Ruined Houses in Edridge Road ; Zeppelin Air-raid 

(13th Oct., 1915) 29 

Alderman Howard Houlder, D.L., J.P., Second War- 
Mayor (Feb., 1916 to Nov., 1919) ; Hon. Freeman of the 
Borough, 1920 ...... 



Nov., 



Police 

Mayor 



32 



33 
34 

35 

46 
47 



7. — Mrs. Howard Houlder (Mayoress, Feb., 1916 to 
19 iq) ; Hon. Freeman of the Borough, 1920 . 

8. — Searchlights at Croydon ; Winter of 19 17- 18 . 

9. — Firing Maroons as warning for Air-raid, at Croydon 
Station ....... 

10. — Councillor Charles Heath Clark, J.P., " Peace " 
(from Nov., 1919) ..... 

II. — Mrs. Heath Clark (Mayoress from Nov , 19 19) 

12. — ^JoHN Montague Newnham, O.B.E., D.L., LL.D., B.A., 
Town Clerk from Sept., 1913 ; Hon. Lt.-Colonel, i Vol. 
Bat., The Queen's 48 

13. — Councillor Percival George Allen Cosedge, East Surrey 

Regiment (died on active service in France, i6th Dec, 1914) 52 

14. — Councillor Captain John Cyril Crowley, M.A., i/4th 

Queen's (killed in action in Alesopotamia, nth Sept., 1916) 53 

15.— (i) R. Vfitch Clark, M.A., M.B., Ch.B., B.Sc, D.P.H., 
Medical Officer of Health ; (2) Wm. Gunner, Borough 
Treasurer ; (3) J. H. McCall, F.S.A.A., Borough 
Accountant ; (4) James Smyth, Clerk to the Education 
Committee ........ 54 

16. — (i) Edward F. Morgan, Borough Road Surveyor ; (2) Tho.s. 
BoYCE Goodyer, O.B.E., A.I.E.E., Tramways Manager ; 
(3) Samuel Jacobs, Assistant-Town Clerk ; (4) Albert 
C. GowER, Chief Clerk, Town Clerk's Department. . 55 

17. — Addiscombe College : Main Front (Hon. East India Com- 
pany, 1S09-1861) ....... 58 

18. — Addiscombe College : North Front (Hon. East India Com- 
pany, 1809-1861) ....... 59 



Page 
19. — Lord Roberts presenting the Colours to the Fourth Queen's 

on^Duppas Hill ........ 60 

20. — Alderman Sir Frederick Thomas Edridge, D.L., J.P., Hon. 
Colonel, Fourth Queen's ; Mayor, 1890 — 92, 1894 — 96, 
1902 ; Hon. Freeman of the Borough .... 61 

21. — Mobilisation of the Fourth Queen's, Croydon Barracks, 

Sth August, 1914 ....... 64 

22. — Mobilisation of the Fourth Queen's, London Road, Croydon, 

5th August, 1 914 ....... 65 

23. — Colonel Norman Edward Cutler, i/4th Queen's . . 68 

24. — Lt.-Colonel S. D. Roper, i/4th Queen's and 2/4th Queen's . 69 

25. — Lt.-Colonel Harold R. Atkins, i/4th Queen's . . 76 

26. — Welcome Home to the i/4th Queen's (15th Nov., 1919) . 77 

27. — Lt.-Colonel Utten Lamont Hooke, 3/4th Queen's (Jell in 

France, 2ist June, 1917) ...... 80 

28, — Major (Acting Lt.-Colonel) Kenneth Allan Oswald, 

D.S.O., 3/4th Queen's 81 

29. — Inspection of the 4/4th Queen's at Crowborough by Col. 
Sir Frederick T. Edridge, D.L., accompanied by the 
Mayor (Aid. Houlder) and the Town Clerk ... 82 

30. — The 4/4th Queen's at Crowborough ; group of Officers ; 
left to right — Captain Chard, the Town Clerk, the Mayor, 
Col. Sir Frederick Edridge, Group-Commander Col. 
Gloster, and Major Kenneth William Elder, CO. . 83 

31. — Major Stanley R. Docking, T.D., CO. Croydon Column 
S.E. Mounted Brigade, Transport and Supply Column 
A.S C 94 

32. — Major John Edward Fox, T.D., J.P. (Alderman) ; Mayor, 
Nov., 1908 to Nov., 1910 ; First CO. of Croydon Column 
S.E. Mounted Brigade, Transport and Supply Column, 
A.S.C 95 

33. — Croydon National Reservists being inspected at Guildford 

by F.M. Lord Roberts (May, 191 1) .... 100 

34. — Major James Petrie, O.B.E., CO. ist Volunteer Battalion, 

The Queen's ........ loi 

35. — Bombing practice : ist Volunteer Battalion, The Queen's . 108 

36. — Machine Gun Team : ist Volunteer Battalion, The Queen's 109 

37. — Councillor Colonel John Franklin Worlledge, District 

Commissioner, Croydon Boy Scouts . . . .118 

38. — Captain David Barrie, H.L.L, Recruiting Officer for 

Croydon . . . . . . . . .119 

39. — Recruiting Procession (Derby Scheme), Croydon, 2nd 

October, 1915 ........ 122 

40. — Colonel Frank William Chatterton, CLE., J.P., Military- 
Representative for Croydon Military Tribunals . . 123 

41 .—Alex. C Cramb, M.LE.E., M.I.Mech.E., Borough Electrical 

Engineer ......... 134 

42. — Assistant Commander Henry Craven Swaine, in command 

of Croydon Special Constabulary . . . . . 135 

43. — (i) Water Tower, Croydon, Observation-Post of Special 

Constabulary ; (2) Altazimuth . . . . .138 



Page 
44. — Miss Rhoda Brodie, M.B.E., Patrol Leader, Croydon 

Women-Patrols . . . . . . . -139 

45. — Councillor Thomas W. Wood Roberts, Chairman, Fire 
Brigade Sub-Committee (Auxiliary Fireman, Croydon 
and London ; Special Constable) . . . .160 

46. — John William Dane, Chief Officer, Croydon Fire Brigade. 160 

47. Colonel H. E. Deane, R.A.M.C., Officer Commanding, 

Croydon War Hospitals . . . . . . i6o 

48. — Lady Edridge, Hon. Freeman of the Borough, 1920 . . 161 

49. — Exterior of " The Crescent " War Hospital (Borough 

Secondary Schools) . . . . . - .164 

50. — One of the wards of " The Crescent " War Hospital 

(Borough Secondary Schools) . . . . .165 

51. — Coffer of 17th century pattern, made for the War 
Supplies Clearing House Red Cross Auction by R. F. 
CoLAM, K.C., Recorder of Croydon .... 172 

52. — Councillor Francis Allen, M.B.E., J.P., War Pensions 

Committee ........ 173 

53. — Mrs. Redfern, who received from the King of the Belgians 
the Medaille de la Reine Elizabeth in recognition of work 
in Croydon for Belgian refugees ; and who was also on 
many War Committees ...... 208 

54. — Mrs. Colchester, M.B.E., Croydon War Savings Com- 
mittee, etc. ........ 209 

55. — Mark B. F. Major, Founder of the Croydon Vacant Lands 

Cultivation Society ....... 224 

56. — George Fearnley Carter, M.Inst.C.E., Borough Engineer, 

Surveyor and Water Engineer ; Local Fuel Overseer . 225 

57. — Peace Celebration Day (19th July, 1919), Street Procession. 

Naval Contingent, heading the Procession . . . 242 

58. — Peace Celebration Day (19th July, 191 9), Street Procession. 

School Girls ........ 243 

59. — (i) The Hon. Editor : Alderman H. Keatley Moore, J.P., 
B.A., Mus. Bac ; Mayor, Nov., 1906 to Nov., 1908 ; Hon. 
Freeman of the Borough ; (2) The Assistant Editor : 
W.C. Berwick Sa\'ers, F.L.A. (Hons.), Borough Librarian ; 
1/12 Surrey Vol. Regt., and i Vol. Bat., The Queen's . 244 



Note. — The portraits which illustrate the Roll of Honour appear on 
numbered plates I. — XXXVI. which are included in the Roll itself. 
The references at the end of some of the entries in the Roll form the 
index {e.g., " Plate XXIX., 5, " means that the fifth portrait on 
plate XXIX. is that of the subject of the entry ^ 

The portraits also include a few of living soldiers, amongst whom 
are {Councillor) S.Sgt.J. A. Clarke, V.,i, and 2nd Air Mech. A. J. 
Clarke, R.A.F., VI., 5, and others from whose names reference is 
similarly made in the list of Naval and Military Honours . 



Part One 
INTRODUCTORY 



I. Introduction 

Without doubt the World War of 4th August, 1914 to nth 
November, 1918, was the greatest crime in history. Look at 
it which way you will, the length and magnitude of Germany's 
preparation, the subtlety and meanness of her espionage, her 
colossal lying, her inhuman brutality, her callous shamelessness 
towards friend and foe alike, her reckless defiance of all decency, 
her innumerable and in many cases indescribable cruelties to 
old men, women and children, prisoners and wounded, her 
diabolical inventions of air- warfare, and of the still more infamous 
submarine warfare (waged not only against our naval and 
mercantile marine but also against peaceful fishermen, ordinary 
civilian crews and passengers, nay even, though it sound 
incredible, against hospital ships), and the wholesale use of 
poison-gases and well-poisonings, made up together an immense 
villainy too bad for adequate description, a heap of iniquity too 
colossal to grasp, the fierceness and especially the unexpectedness 
of which nearly overthrew the world. Even the failure of 
Germany leaves us maimed and exhausted, though our spirit 
is undaunted ; for as the Duke of Wellington always declared, 
*' Nothing is more horrible than a Victory, except a Defeat." 

In naming nth November, 1918, the date of the armistice > 
as the end of active war, we may indeed be called to account ; 
for even when Peace with Germany was signed on 28th June, 
1919, and even when, after many vicissitudes it was ratified on 
loth January, 1920, war was still active in many quarters of the 
world, and it will be long subsequent to the pubHcation of this 
book before peace with Germany's many accomplices can be 
achieved. 

Englishmen stood shoulder to shoulder in this gigantic 
life-and-death struggle, and the blows England dealt were heavy 
with the weight of the whole nation. 

Croydon sent 25,000 men to the War, and 2,500 of these, 
alas, never came back ; 10,000 returned wounded, and they and 
the unwounded (the more fortunate remaining half of Croydon's 
fighters) received many medals and honours for their bravery^ 
besides having acquired the esteem and admiration of their 
fellow citizens. 

Every town has, published or unpublished, its Roll of 
Honour ; and behind its contribution to the military, naval, or 
air forces engaged at the front, or supporting the actual 



14 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

combatants, it has a noble record of money raised and supplies 
sent and work done by non-combatants ; by the weak, the 
middle aged, the old, and above all by the women ; without 
which support the armies in the field could not have won 
through. 

As regards the Roll of Honour it is more than three years 
ago that the Chief Librarian suggested to the Libraries 
Committee the necessity of compiling a record of every Croydon 
man and woman who had sacrificed life for King and Country 
in the Great War, or who had won naval or military honours . The 
Town Council unanimously adopted the proposal and the Roll 
of Honour was at once started. It is only just that I should 
record here the large share in this work performed so excellently 
by the Deputy Librarian (Mr. H. A. Sharp) ; by the former 
Deputy Librarian (Mr, John Warner, now the Librarian of 
Newport, Monmouth) ; by Miss Kathleen Snow, and especially 
by the Reference Librarian (Mr. L. Roy McColvin). An 
attempt was made to add a list of the wounded to our list of 
honours to the living and to our glorious melancholy list of the 
noble dead, but the difficulties proved altogether insurmountable, 
and it had to be abandoned. 

At the Croydon Council Meeting on 21st July, 19 19, the 
Chairman of the Libraries Committee (Councillor J. O, Pelton) 
proposed that an account of the military activities of Croydon 
men at home and on the various battle-fronts, and further a 
history of what we civihans did and suffered in Croydon, and 
the efforts we made to support the army and the country during 
the War should be added to this Roll of Honour, and that the 
whole should be published as the record of Croydon in the War. 
His proposal was unanimously adopted, and the work was 
entrusted to the Libraries Committee, with the Chief Librarian 
(Mr, W, C. Berwick Sayers) as secretary and sub-editor ; and 
the great honour of the editorship of the whole was placed upon 
my own shoulders. The Mayor (Alderman Howard Houlder), 
the Town Clerk (Dr, J. M, Newnham), and the Borough 
Accountant (Mr. J. H. McCall) kindly joined the Chairman in 
the small Editorial Committee then formed ; and those 
responsible for the several divisions of the town's war- work 
took much trouble to give us particulars of the activities over 
which they so efficiently presided. [After November, 1919, 
the new Mayor, Councillor C. Heath Clark, also came to our 
assistance.] 

To keep the book within reasonable dimensions we have 
condensed our record to the extreme limit, but we hope we have 
not destroyed its interest. And those who wish for fuller details 



INTRODUCTION 15 

(especially as to the Roll of Honour) are referred to the Reference 
Library at the Town Hall, where the full text of the whole work 
as originally compiled may be inspected. 

We have wished to show that Croydon had a worthy military 
history and that her own regiment " The Queen's " maintained 
in this last great test an already glorious record. The prowess 
of our Croydon Yeomanry and Croydon A.S.C. men must also 
be properly narrated with due acknowledgment. These and the 
Roll of Honour were to be the cardinal features of the book. 
But we desired to do more ; to give as faithful a picture as might 
be of the state of our town in war-time, and especially to show 
that those who stayed at home threw themselves ardently into 
every kind of work that would help the fighters, maintain civil 
order, and provide for the many needs that a war inevitably 
brings with it, in war-manufactures, in the provision of clothing, 
money, food and fuel. A glance through the list of contents 
will show what has been included. 

There are, I fear, omissions from the work. For example, 
we have found it impossible to give more than a passing reference 
to the work of all the churches for the country in its hour of 
need. A volume might be written on that work alone, and all 
people must be grateful for it ; but such a record seemed beyond 
the scope of this book. Other matters of much private and 
public interest, such as the work of individual firms, the coming 
forward of the women to take the place of men in business 
houses, on the railways, on the trams, on the farms, in the Army 
as W.A.A.C.'s, in the Navy as W.R.N. S.'s, in War hospitals as 
V.A.D.'s, in the Police as Women Patrols, and in many ways 
not before generally deemed to be within the scope of women's 
work or possible to women's nerves or physical strength — these 
things receive only a brief mention. 

The gathering of the material, and the collating and bringing 
it into a literary form has been arduous, but it has been a labour 
of love. We deeply regret that artistic difficulties have prevented 
us from reproducing all the photographs which were kindly 
sent us by the sorrowing relatives of those who laid down their 
lives for us. We can assure them, and our readers, however, 
that we have published the largest number possible. 

There must be many shortcomings in a work of this 
complexity, many omissions, and many errors. For these we must 
throw ourselves upon the mercy of our readers, entreating them 
to believe that we have done our best to obtain complete records, 
availing ourselves of official documents wherever possible, and 
of the exceedingly great kindness of many qualified persons who 
checked the correctness of the facts we had brought together. 



i6 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

These good friends, who gave us so generously of their time, 
must not, however, be chargeable with defects in the work as 
produced. For the actual book as it stands I am responsible 
(except the Roll of Honour, for which Mr. Sayers is exclusively 
answerable), and I must bear the blame for all its imperfections. 
These would have been far greater if it had not been for the 
great amount of work Mr. Sayers has done, and for the fine 
literary sense he has brought to my assistance. So much is 
our work intermingled that no part can be said to be wholly 
his or wholly mine. 

I must be permitted especially to thank, for innumerable 
services rendered to the book, the Town Clerk (Dr. J. M. 
Newnham), the Borough Engineer (Mr. G. F. Carter), the 
Borough Medical Officer (Dr. Veitch Clark), the Borough 
Accountant (Mr. J. H. McCall), the Assistant Town Clerk 
(Mr, S. Jacobs), the Chief Clerk in the Town Clerk's Department 
(Mr. A. C. Gower), and the Clerk to the Education Committee 
(Mr. James Smyth). And to all others of the Town Hall Staff, 
who were always ready to take trouble over my queries, I tender 
my best thanks ; every one was helpful and cordial. The help 
received from all these gentlemen was continuous throughout 
the work. Assistance in procuring special facts, and in checking 
the following special chapters must be gratefully acknowledged 
to the undermentioned ladies and gentlemen in regard to the 
subjects following their names : The Mayor from 191 6 to 
1920, Alderman Howard Houlder, and the present Mayor, 
Councillor C. Heath Clark (Mayor's Committee, Military 
Tribunals, etc.) ; The Chairman of the Libraries Committee, 
Councillor J. O. Pelton (Croydon's Military Record before the 
Great War) ; Colonel Phillipps, Secretary, Surrey Territorial 
Force Association (The Queen's) ; Colonel N. E. Cutler 
(The Fourth Queen's) ; Colonel N. E. Cutler, Lt. Col 
S. D. Roper, Lt. Col. H. A. Atkins (The i/4th Battalion, 
The Queen's) ; Captain and Adjutant P. C. Duncan, M.C, 
(The 2/4th Battalion) ; Major (Acting Lieut. Col.) K. A. 
Oswald, D.S.O. (The 3/4th Battalion) ; Major K. W. 
Elder (The 4/4th Battahon) ; Lieut. Col. N. T. Rolls (Fourth 
Reserve Queen's) ; Major Stanley R. Docking, T.D., Sergeant 
McConnell and ex-Sergeant Latham (Croydon " C " Squadron 
Surrey Yeomanry) ; Major T, E. Fox, T.D., and Captain 
Brooks (Croydon Transport and Supply Column, A.S.C.) ; 
Major James Petrie, O.B.E. (Volunteers) ; Colonel John F. 
Worlledge (Boy Scouts) ; Assistant Commander H. C. Swaine 
(Special Constabulary) ; Miss Rhoda Brodie, M.B E. (Women 
Patrols) ; Councillor T. W. Wood Roberts and Chief Officer 
John W. Dane (Fire Brigade) ; Dr. Edward H. Willock, Dr. J. J. 
Redfern, Col. H. E. Deane, R.A.M.C, Dr. J. J. Douglas, and 



INTRODUCTION 17 

Miss Cooper (Medical and Hospital Services) ; Miss Edith Carr, 
Mr. Jones, and Miss Cooper (Soldiers' and Sailors' Recreation 
Rooms) ; Mrs. John Major (War Hospital Supply Depot) ; Mr. 
Albert G. Norris and Mr. Leonard S. Rogers (War Supplies 
Clearing House) ; Mr. Councillor Francis Allen, M.B.E., J.P. 
(War Pensions Committee) ; Lady Edridge (Mayoress's Needle- 
work Committee) ; Mrs. Houlder (Mayoress's Committees) ; 
Mr, Bryan S. Harland and Mrs. Redfern (Belgian Refugees) ; 
Mrs. Colchester, M.B.E. (Croydon Local Central War-Savings 
Committee) ; Mr. Henry Berney (District Association of Volun- 
tary Organizations, and many other chapters); Mr. A. C. Cramb 
(Munitions Committee, etc.) ; Miss E. L. Hudson (Allotments 
Movement) ; Councillor Arthur Peters, C.B.E., J.P., and Mrs. 
T. W. Wood Roberts (National Kitchens) ; Mr. J. T. Tompkins 
(Control of Food) ; and Mr. George F. Carter (Control of Fuel 
and Light). 

Acknovi^ledgment is also made to the various friends who 
have lent photographs or blocks ; and to the various photographers 
who have permitted the reproduction of the illustrations. 

In addition to those whom I have named above, I have 
also to thank many other kind and helpful friends whose names 
I have not set down (for which they must forgive me, and must 
by no means think me, therefore, unrecognizing towards their 
services), and I beg them to believe that I am very grateful to 
them for their assistance. 

The record closes with an account of the rejoicings of 
the Armistice (nth November, 1918) and the celebration of the 
Peace with Germany (28th June, 1919) on the day appointed for 
that glad ceremony (Saturday, 19th July, 1919) ; and last of all 
we add a reference to the beautiful thanksgiving performance of 
the " Messiah " at the Parish Church, on the following Tuesday 
(22nd July, 1919). This solemn and reverent service, deeply 
impressive to all who were privileged to attend it, fitly closed 
(as far as Croydon is concerned) the commemoration of England's 
escape from the greatest danger which ever beset her, and the 
uprising of the whole civilised world from beneath the heel of 
a blood-thirsty and debased tyranny. 

H. KEATLEY MOORE. 

Croydon, 

March, 1920. 



II. The Course of Events in 

Croydon during the War 

1914 

Croydon was no more prepared for the world-calamity than 
any other place in England. The murders at Serajevo on that 
fatal Sunday, 28th June, 1914, had stirred the whole world, 
but few outside Germany and Austria realized that the spark 
had been set thereby to a train of events which were to lead to 
world-conflagration before the end of the next month. We 
knew, as July drew to a close, that intense communications of 
the gravest import were passing between the European Powers ; 
but we believed that by some means or other Sir Edward Grey 
would accomplish the usual miracle, and keep us and Europe 
out of war. Then came the news that the German Armies 
were marching, and with the news the story of the violation 
of Belgium, and almost immediately Great Britain declared war. 

At first the enormous character of the catastrophe did not 
dawn upon the average man. He knew that we were opposed 
by the greatest military and the second greatest naval power on 
earth ; but the statement did not then convey the appalling facts 
that we now know. We knew only that the business was serious, 
and as tale after tale came to us of the struggle for Liege, the fall 
of that place, and the calculated savagery of the German advance 
into Belgium, an advance in hordes such as the world had never 
known, our people braced themselves for their greatest war 
effort. There was bewilderment at first, but there was no panic. 
Rather, in those early days, the motto was " business as usual." 
Nor was there any war-fever, that enthusiasm which finds 
expression in flag-flapping, cheering, boasting, and the singing 
of patriotic songs. It was, as one acute observer remarked, 
" a war without a cheer ; " it was too serious a matter : for 
surely not one of us supposed that our *' contemptible little 
army " of 170,000 men, which was on its gallant and glorious 
way to Mons, could be more than the mere spear-head of the 
great force that must follow it — from somewhere— if we were to 
arrest the rush of the nine million men whom the Kaiser was 
reputed to have set into motion. Everyone felt that sooner or 
later he or his would be involved in the great vortex. Lord 
Kitchener had been stopped on his way to Egypt, had taken 



EVENTS IN CROYDON DURING THE WAR 19 

his seat at the War Office as Secretary of State, and already had 
issued his appeal for " one hundred thousand men " to enlist 
for " three years or the duration of the War, whichever should 
be the longer." Three years ! It seemed a life-time, an 
impossible period. Three months had been our hope, and for 
a time was our expectation, because even the German strategic 
optimists, such as Von Bernhardi, had declared that Germany 
could succeed only by a rapid overwhelming of Europe ; but the 
great sphinx-like soldier statesman at Whitehall knew his task. 
We had yet to learn ours. 

With the history of the War in general we are not expected 
to deal here, and in other pages of this work we treat of the 
gallant deeds of the soldiers who went from Croydon, and of 
the work of the many organizations which were called into 
being by the developing necessities of our great days. Here we 
are concerned only with the current of events in our own home- 
town ; and even in that brief compass there is much that we 
must pass over in our endeavour to preserve a characteristic 
view of Croydon in war-days. 

Anyone walking through Croydon streets on the day after 
War had been declared, would hear that in the night a military 
train had passed along the London, Brighton and South Coast 
Railway, and had dropped guards, who were men drawn from 
the City of London Volunteers, at bridges, signal boxes and 
other vulnerable points ; there were sentries already in position 
at water reservoirs, gas and electricity works and similar places. 
Already, too, stories of spies were whispered, although so far as 
We know, none were ever detected in Croydon. All wireless 
Systems in private hands, and there were several in and around 
Croydon, were dismantled. Grave-faced knots of people dis- 
cussed the situation at every corner, and in every shop, office and 
restaurant. If we enter the swimming bath we shall see the 
swimmers stop to ask the new-comers if "there is anything 
new." Moving quietly through the streets are Volunteers of 
the Croydon National Reserve selecting and commandeering 
horses and vehicles from firms who are considered to be able to 
spare them. We hear, then, that the Territorials who are away 
on Salisbury Plain in camp have been properly mobilized, and 
all reserve men from the Post Office, the Gas Company, the 
Corporation and many a firm have been called up. Next day 
we learn that the train services have been severely restricted, all 
cheap tickets being withdrawn ; a particularly hard matter for 
those on holidays or about to take them. Some, indeed, may 
have started on holidays at the fateful hour, but the holiday 
spirit has gone from the air entirely, and is not to return for 
many a weary day. We learn, too, that on the Continent all 
passenger railway services for civilians have been suspended to 



20 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

allow the free and rapid movement of troops. Several Croydon 
people are held up in Switzerland and elsewhere, without any 
provision in some cases for a long stay, and with little prospect 
of getting home again ; and are victims of the wildest rumours 
of the German advance, the fall of Paris, and the invasion of 
England. Their experiences fill many columns of the news- 
papers of the day. 

Yet a few hours, and the walls of the town were plastered 
with the words, TO THE RECRUITING OFFICE, with huge 
arrows all pointing the way. It was a day of intense voluntary 
recruiting. Boys who left home in the morning convinced and 
palpable civilians returned home to their apprehensive, but still 
approving, families in the evening as convinced and palpable 
soldiers in their khaki. And not a few who were no longer boys 
went with them to take the " one day's pay " and sign the oath 
of military allegiance. Men of forty-five persuaded recruiting 
officers that they were " just thirty," in order " to do their bit," 
as the simple phrase for a great service fashioned itself in the 
speech of the soldiers. Khaki became famihar in our streets ; 
but soon even the khaki gave out, so great was the demand for 
it, and men paraded in make-shift uniforms — particularly a vile 
dark-blue uniform with a black forage cap. In fact England 
was not prepared for equipping a vast army, and the whole of 
the organization and materiel had to be improvised while the 
army was growing. In these early days the Boy Scouts did 
much useful work as messengers, in calling up the soldiers, etc., 
and two patrols of our Croydon Boy Scouts were dispatched in 
the course of the month to patrol the Kent coast for forty-five 
miles. During the first week the rifle clubs of the Croydon and 
District League held a meeting to consider the best means of 
promoting the national cause. At first the rifle ranges were 
thrown open for practice, and out of the meeting just mentioned 
sprang the volunteer movement which, so far as Croydon is 
concerned, eventuated in the fine Volunteer Training Corps 
with its successors the First and First-Twelfth battalions of the 
Surrey Volunteers, who were finally amalgamated into the First 
Volunteer battalion of the " Queen's " Royal West Surrey 
Regiment. We tell of their doings upon another page. Already 
too, the people were awake to the fact that war must bring 
suff^ering at home and in the field, and schemes for relief were 
soon under way. 

The most prominent of such schemes was that great out- 
pouring of private charity to which the King's son lent his name. 
The Prince of Wales' Fund was initiated for Croydon by the 
Mayor, Alderman Frank Denning, on yth August ; and within 
a week ,^4,000 had been subscribed. It was intended to alleviate 




Photo by \V. F. Skewes 

Alderman Frank Denning, J.P. 
First War-Mayor (Nov., 1913 to Feb., 1916) 




Mrs. Denning 
Mayoress, Nov., 1913 to Feb., 1916 



Photo by K. Norton Collins 



EVENTS IN CROYDON DURING THE WAR 21 

the inevitable financial hardships of war, and, from first to last 
Croydon raised ^(^21,108 in this way. People gave willingly 
enough ; and it must not be forgotten that all the circumstances 
in which men went to the Front differed enormously from those 
prevailing in former wars. Many employers made allowances to 
their men. The Government gave its employees who enlisted 
their full pay while on service ; many banks did the same ; 
corporations like that of Croydon gave half-pay to married men, 
and third-pay to single men ; and many public and private 
companies made similar provision ; but, even so, there were 
many small employers who could not afford such assistance to 
their workers, and the need for help from other sources was 
widespread and real. There was a general determination, too, 
that so far as was humanly possible the hardships of previous 
wars should be reduced for the sailors and soldiers to the 
minimum ; and the minimum indeed exceeded in horror all 
previous human experience. The determination took practical 
shape almost immediately in the formation of public and private 
societies for making or otherwise providing comforts for the 
forces. Meetings of these were held in various parts of the 
Borough in connexion with the Churches — who worked for such 
objects freely and selflessly throughout — and with many other 
organizations. It was only August as yet, but the prevision of 
the people was such that they were already making warm woollen 
clothing, comforters, helmets, etc., against the coming winter. 
The sick and wounded were to be prepared for too ; this seemed 
a strangely serious business, but it was accepted cheerfully and 
willingly by hundreds here as elsewhere. There was a little 
overlapping, possibly a little confusion, at first, but all the work 
was admirably apt, and was soon directed into well-organised 
channels, as in turn the county, borough and village became 
co-ordinate units in one large system of service. 

Croydon was fortunate in the men who had the control of 
her affairs. The Mayor, Alderman Frank Denning, was a man 
of great courage, industry and initiative ; a self-made, self- 
educated man, who had from humble beginnings built up the 
large business of Welford's Surrey Dairies and was a controlling 
force in many commercial concerns ; a man, too, who had also 
built up a reputation for straight speech and high character. He 
was the head of a Council which was of equally determined and 
well balanced character, and which under his guidance threw 
itself into all schemes of recognised value for the promotion of 
the purposes of the War ; and behind these was the Town Clerk, 
Dr. John Montague Newnham, who became chairman or honorary 
secretary of a hundred movements for the general good, and 
worked untiringly as their organiser, adviser, and executive 
officer. We wish to emphasise the services of Dr. Newnham, as 



22 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

the work of the Town Clerk is quiet and unobtrusive and is too 
often altogether overlooked ; and in doing so we do not forget 
the admirable services — in, and, more often, out of office hours 
— of the other principal officers and staff of the Corporation. 
Everybody who could be spared from the staff, and that included 
practically every eligible man, was encouraged to enlist, and 
those who remained had anything but the '* cushy job " with 
the possession of which most stay-at-home workers were credited. 
That the work of the town was carried on smoothly is sufficient 
tribute in itself to the Corporation and its officers. 

Except for the extension of the activities we have mentioned 
there is no startling fact to record for the first two or three 
months of the war. An example of prevision must be mentioned 
on the part of Mr. Mark Major, who on 15th August wrote to 
The Croydon Times announcing that Mr. Douglas Young had 
placed vacant land at the disposal of Croydon people for allot- 
ments. This led to the whole allotments movement in which 
the borough was to win the record of having the largest number 
of plots under cultivation by amateurs in the country. The great 
civilian force, the Special Constabulary, came into being in the 
first month of the war, and actually held its first regular parade 
on 1 6th August, when 130 men were inspected by Captain 
Vincent. Our later pages tell of their invaluable work in detail ; 
we need only say here that they were twitted frequently by the 
unthinking in the earliest days, but the blue and white brassard 
was soon accepted by the people, and when the days and 
nights of air-raids were upon us, there were few who did not 
recognise gratefully how efficient and meritorious were their 
services. The smart specially-designed uniform which became 
their regulation dress later on won a respect equal to that which 
the Englishman bestows involuntarily upon that of the regular 
constables ; and, in fact, a prominent Croydon magistrate 
declared publicly that if he were contemplating a misdemeanour 
he would rather attempt it in an area guarded by the regular 
police than in one watched over by " Specials." Late in August 
arrangements were made for the reception and maintenance of 
numbers of Belgian refugees, who arrived in the first week of 
September, and who received cordial hospitality in the days of 
their exile here, the children being taken into many Croydon 
homes. 

All this time Captain David Barrie, Croydon's recruiting 
officer, conducted a vigorous campaign from his headquarters 
at Mitcham Road Barracks, the home of the old Royal Foot 
Guards. Later this work was transferred to the Town Hall. 
Parties of men left Croydon every morning. Amongst the first 
to go were three members of the Council, Messrs. J. C. Crowley, 



EVENTS IN CROYDON DURING THE WAR 23 

P. G. A. Cosedge and John A. Clarke. Councillor Clarke, who 
was on a motor holiday at the declaration of war, returned 
immediately, and served in the Thornton Heath Special Con- 
stabulary for about a month, becoming one of the first three 
inspectors elected by the men, as was then the rule. In October 
he enlisted in the R.A.S.C. (Remounts) as Farrier Sergeant, 
and was promoted to Staff Sergeant later ; and before the end 
of the month he went out to France in charge of twenty-two 
shoeing smiths, settled down in the danger zone, and had the 
unique experience of being shelled out of Poperinghe on his 
fiftieth birthday. He has a fine record of strenuous and 
responsible work, including the charge of a large forge at the 
base, until September, 1918, when he was returned to England 
and discharged as unfit. It is fair to add that he made no claim 
against the Government on account of unfitness. 

His colleagues, Messrs. J. C. Crowley and P. G. A. Cosedge 
were not to return. 

It was in October that the words " Roll of Honour," now 
so sadly familiar to us, began to appear in the local newspapers. 
Several Croydon men were lost when the Germans torpedoed 
H.M. Ships " Aboukir," Hogue," and " Cressy " in the North 
Sea ; and almost simultaneously the first of the Croydon school- 
teachers to fall in the war gave his life on the battle-fields of 
France — Lieutenant T. R. Bottomley, B.A., of the ist East 
Yorkshire Regiment, a fine, promising young soldier-scholar. 
These were the first of a very long list. 

Sir Frederick Edridge had announced on August 27th that 
the Fourth Queen's had been selected for foreign service. It 
was some disappointment to them to learn that this was not to 
be service on the Western Front, but in India, for which country 
they departed on November 25th. The attitude of the home folk 
towards the troops deserves commemoration. Parcels were sent 
profusely and regularly containing things good to eat, cigarettes, 
pipes and tobacco, things useful, and not a few things alleged to 
be useful to soldiers by enterprising tradesmen. There is no 
doubt that all this helped to sustain the men in their long, and 
often wearisome and monotonous training. 

One of the important social features of the later part of 
1914 was remarked upon by the Borough Recorder, Mr. R. F. 
Colam, K.C., in his address to the Grand Jur\' at the Quarter 
Sessions in October, and that was the remarkable decrease in 
crime which showed itself already and which continued until 
the end of the war. This has been attributed to the rigorous 
restrictions imposed upon the drink traffic during the war, and 



24 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

it may be that these restrictions did have their part in main- 
taining the good record, but at the time the comment was made 
by Mr. Colam the ordinary hours of public houses were still in 
force. Others have ingeniously supposed that the adventurous 
spirits who found an outlet for their energies in burglary and other 
heinous offences, now found it in the struggle with the enemy. 
We record the fact, and do not attempt to explain it. 

It will be remembered that the Germans startled the world 
in general and the people of Antwerp in particular by the bombing 
of that city from the air by means of Zeppelins as early as August, 
1914, A few may have anticipated the rapid and extraordinary 
development both in power and in range of air-craft, but at this 
time the majority of us were sceptical and not at all alarmed. 
The Spectator assured us that it was hardly likely that Zeppelins 
would be able to find their way to London, or even to travel so 
far in view of the variability of weather conditions ; and Mr. 
Winston Churchill was no less confident in his assurances, that 
any Zeppelin which ventured into our skies would be attacked 
by a veritable " cloud of hornets " in the shape of defending 
aeroplanes. Still it was not long before precautions were quietly 
taken which showed that in high quarters this assurance was not 
completely shared. The middle of October, 1914, saw a very 
drastic reduction in our street lighting as a precautionary measure 
against aerial attack. It was not yet the " horror of darkness " 
which came a year later, but by contrast with our brilliantly 
illuminated streets of the immediate past, it was dismal enough. 
Old residents told us that it resembled the " good lighting " 
(by gas, of course) of fifty years before. The lighting was 
further reduced in November, but was still sufficient for the 
usual practical purposes. 

Mr. Frank Denning was unanimously re-elected Mayor in 
November. In an inaugural speech, in which he made no rash 
promises, he pointed out the amount of work already done for 
war-purposes, in the way of relief through the Prince of Wales's 
Fund ; the Soldiers' and Sailors' Families Association ; the 
Belgian Hostels, which already contained 500 refugees ; and the 
Croydon General Hospital, where wounded soldiers were being 
treated. 

In December was held the first of the many " Flag Days " 
which were a peculiar and picturesque feature of the whole of 
war-time. They were a variant of the Queen Alexandra Rose 
Day, initiated a few years before, on which charming ladies 
dressed charmingly, stood at street corners, railway station 
entrances and in other public places, with large trays of tiny 
artificial wild-roses which they sold to very willing buyers at 



EVENTS IN CROYDON DURING THE WAR 25 

prices ranging from a penny to several pounds, and the proceeds 
were devoted to the hospitals. To escape undue and irresistible 
importunity, and to show that they have done their duty in 
buying, the buyers wore their roses as a buttonhole. In similar 
manner, on flag days ladies sold miniature paper flags that might 
be worn on the lapel of the coat. Our flrst flag day, as was the 
case everywhere else, was devoted to the relief of Belgium, the 
land which had suffered most in the first days of the war, when 
the Belgian flag was sold, and the takings amounted to ^£400. 

In our chapter on the Mayoress' Flag Day Committee 
(Part v., Chapter VIII.) we give a list of the many flag days and 
their variants, and we need say no more here than that m general 
they were cordially approved of by the people, and supported by 
them, even when they were repeated so often that they became 
weekly, or even half-weekly, occurrences. Through them much 
private generosity was tapped which otherwise might not have 
found so satisfactory an outlet. 

Our first War Christmas was a sober one, although some of 
the former festival spirit survived. The war situation was not 
immediately menacing, but was obscure as to the future, and 
we heard much of the cold and privations of the opposing armies 
who now faced one another in the frozen trenches of t landers 
and France. The Marne had been won, the German armies 
had been pushed back to the Aisne, but a deadlock seemed now 
to have set in, and the world was far too anxious to spend a 
" merry Christmas." On Boxing Day we learned that the war 
had taken its first toll of the Council and that Councillor Percival 
George Allen Cosedge had died on active service, at No. 8 
Casualty Clearing Station, on i6th December. He was only 
thirty-sLx years of age, and had been an old Volunteer, and a 
member of the Croydon National Reserve. He became a 
Councillor in 191 2 and during the two years of his service had 
given evidences of an able concern for the public welfare and 
keen well-controlled powers of debate. At the outbreak of war 
he joined the " B " Company of the 3rd East Surrey Regiment. 
" His action in putting his name down as a Volunteer," writes 
one of his colleagues, " was done with calm dehberation and a 
clear appreciation of all the risks he ran, for the one sufiicient 
reason that he conscientiously believed it to be his duty .... 
He has died at an age when his character and talents were begin- 
ning to be at their best, and would have been, as 1 well know, 
freely and modestly placed at the service of those who were poor 
and oppressed." 

Looking back from the present to the first year of the war 
it is curious to see how many prophecies were falsified by the 



26 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

event. A great shortage of food and money, unemployment, 
bankruptcy generally, and much other disaster were prophesied, 
but none of them came to pass. Later there were to be various 
shortages, but none within measurable distance of those foretold. 



I915 

We need not dwell at length on the events of 191 5. It is 
a record in which a brief summary may be made to serve for 
intense and continuous activity. On 19th January the Special 
Constabulary received and responded to the first of many 
emergency calls. The same date was Khaki Day at Thornton 
Heath when presents for the troops were given by five hundred 
people. Large recruiting demonstrations were held from time 
to time, a memorable one occurring on 22nd February, when Mr. 
Will Crooks, M.P., made one of his characteristically vigorous 
appeals to the patriotism of our young men. Other happenings 
in Croydon make rather curious reading in the light of sub- 
sequent knowledge. For instance, the cost of living had gone up 
aggressively it seems, and a protest meeting on 25th March was 
held at the North End Hall, when Mr. W. C. Anderson, M.P., 
and other speakers participated. " A few days ago," declared 
Councillor Bradshaw, " the people of Croydon were paying 
IS. lid. a cwt. for coal," and " Shame ! " cried the audience. 
In fact all the necessaries of life had gone up 25 per cent, and the 
meeting demanded that the Government should take control of 
transport, fix maximum prices, and control food to prevent the 
exploitation of the people. The advice of the meeting was 
good, but the British Government moved slowly ; still, it did 
move towards the policy which our meeting recommended, and 
ultimately accepted every one of these demands. It should be 
recorded that in the first years of the war certain articles of food 
became scarce and this was in no small measure due to the 
selfishness of people who hoarded supplies beyond their immediate 
needs. In ordinary circumstances it was counted a virtue in a 
housewife to keep a well-stocked store cupboard ; but war 
transposes the values of things, and at a time of scarcity, the 
hoarding of more than the individual needed at the moment 
proved to be dangerously unpatriotic. 

At the Council meeting a few days before, the first of the 
war-bonuses had been given to the Corporation workmen as a 
contribution towards the increased cost of living. The grant 



EVENTS IN CROYDON DURING THE WAR 27 

was 3^. weekly to men earning less than 30J. weekly, of 2s. for 
those earning between 30^. and 355., and is. for those earning 
from 355. to 40J.. The clerical and administrative staffs were 
not included. At that same meeting a Councillor ventured to 
forecast an unlikely event : *' Supposing," said he, " the war 
lasted another six months ! " We were optimists still, it will be 
observed. 

• On 22nd April Princess Clementine Napoleon, cousin of 
King Albert of Belgium, visited Croydon to receive gifts, the 
collection of which had been organized by The Croydon Advertiser 
and The Croydon Guardian (then separate newspapers) to be sent 
to Belgian soldiers at the front. At the same time an appeal was 
made by these journals and supported by the Mayor for a 
" Croydon " ambulance for the Belgian armies, and this was 
provided and sent out in due course. 

Recruiting for the " Queen's " and for the army generally 
continued for the whole first war year. It was at about May, 
1915, that the traders everywhere were faced with the fact that 
they would have to relinquish more and more of their men for 
naval and military service. The voluntary system still persisted, 
but the demands of the armies were straining it to breaking point. 
Women were gradually replacing men at the railway stations, 
in shops, and in business houses. This was in many cases a 
complete innovation, but it was one forced upon the country by 
the exigencies of the time, and one in which the women as a whole 
justified themselves completely. On 17th May a Thornton Heath 
woman, Mrs. Florence Earle Lamont, was killed at Ramsgate 
in a Zeppelin raid. This was the first raid in which any Croydon 
civilian resident is known to have been killed. In June over 
2| tons of food, collected by the Primrose League, were sent 
out for the prisoners of war in Germany. The same month 
saw the notorious attacks on Lord Kitchener in connexion with 
shell shortage. There was no doubt need of more ammunition 
at this time ; and towards the end of the month an appeal was 
made for persons to come forward as voluntary munition workers, 
a large open air meeting being conducted by the Mayor in 
Katharine Street on 29th June. Money was also required for 
all war purposes, and it was now that the Government floated 
its great War Loan, to which on the following Monday, 5th July, 
the Council subscribed a first ^50,000. August brought us news 
that the 2/4th Queen's, which had proceeded to the Dardanelles 
in July had been in action and had suffered severely. Mention 
must be made, too, of the curious but effective " no treating " 
order which was enforced in Croydon, as elsewhere, from 
nth October, an order which cancelled the right of any man to 



28 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

offer a friend intoxicating liquor on licensed premises. It was 
probably the most intimate check on the individual will that the 
Government contrived, and it could only be justified by necessity, 
and by its success in achieving its object. Never was there 
greater sobriety ; never was there less crime than in the years 
when it was in force. 

This, in the baldest summary is an outline of the events 
in Croydon until October, an outline which conceals a mul- 
tiplicity of good deeds, of sacrifices, of energy spent in one way 
or another for the public good. 

On the memorable night of the 13th October, Croydon 
came as a town definitely into the war area. Zeppelins had 
reached London in the spring of this year, and during September 
they raided London on two consecutive nights. It was on the 
second of the September raid nights that the " thud-thud " of 
an airship's engines was first heard locally, approaching Croydon 
from the north-west, disappearing as the machine passed over 
South Norwood with engines shut off, and re-appearing in the 
direction of Elmer's End as the Zeppelin went on her way 
apparently to the mouth of the Thames. No public warning 
had been given, the authorities having conceived the curious 
notion that English people would be less liable to panic if danger 
came upon them suddenly than they would be if they had notice 
of its coming. One only gathered that " something was on " 
from the sudden silence and comparative darkness that fell upon 
the streets, and one missed the more distant sound of the trains, 
which stopped during raids. 

On 13th October a somewhat heavy Zeppelin attack was 
made on London at a little before nine in the evening. Bombs 
had been dropped near Trafalgar Square, and the attack passed 
away. Soon after eleven o'clock a listener in Croydon heard 
what he thought was the syphoning of a street gas-lamp, then 
what appeared to be an exhausting of steam through a near-by 
factory chimney, and then it seemed that a very heavy motor- 
vehicle was drawing nearer up an adjacent street ; only, all the 
time, he had an impression that the sound was from the air. 
A few seconds later a flash from the sky, a sudden illumination 
of the whole neighbourhood, a deafening explosion and violent 
tremors of the ground showed that the German invaders had 
actually reached Croydon. Explosions followed in rapid and 
terrifying succession as the Zeppelin crossed over Addiscombe, 
passed south and east of the London, Brighton, Railway line and 
then throbbed away towards Woolwich. It has not been dis- 
covered with certainty which way the airship approached ; but 




Photo by WaLshams 

Ruined Houses in Beech House Road 
Zeppelin Air-raid (13th October, 1915) 







N 



EVENTS IN CROYDON DURING THE WAR 29 

the general impression is that she had made an expedition to 
attack an old powder-works near Guildford, which was marked 
on the maps, and a few bombs were dropped outside the county 
town without doing any serious damage. It is supposed that 
she then followed the railway line towards London. Over 
Croydon, the first great town on her route, her crew probably 
imagined that they had reached London, and began to discharge 
their bombs. Another theory is that the network of railway 
lines at East Croydon Station and the munitions factory at the 
corner of Cherry Orchard Road were the objects of the attack ; 
but, if this is so, both objectives were missed, if only by a narrow 
margin. To one in Addiscombe it seemed that the Zeppelin 
approached from Waddon, picked up the railway, and then 
followed it through Norwood Junction, turning south-east from 
that point. The first bomb fell in Edridge Road, where two 
houses were wrecked, and a mother and daughter who were in 
bed in one of them were thrown, bedstead and all, into the 
street, A baby boy in the other was pinned down by a falling 
roof but wonderfully escaped injury. The second bomb was 
far more disastrous in its effects. It fell on a house in Beech 
House Road, where the household consisted of a father and three 
sons, 10, 14 and 15 years of age, and a house-keeper. The bomb 
went through the house, completely wrecking the building and 
hurling debris long distances around. " I was fast asleep," said 
the house-keeper, " when I heard an awful explosion which 
awoke me. I seemed to spring from the top of the bed to the 
bottom. Then I groped my way to the door, which I found was 
on the floor. I stayed there because the side wall had fallen in 
on the stairs and landing. I called out to the father, asking if 
he was all right. He repUed ' I'm all right, but I can't move.' 
The next thing I called for the boys. Only the elder one 
answered." The fire brigade arrived, and the unfortunate 
people were extricated. The youngest boy was dead when they 
reached him, the second was dead when he reached hospital, 
and the eldest died a little later from shock, while the father 
was injured and in mental collapse from his terrible loss. 

Other bombs fell in rapid succession. Three fell in one 
road destroying all the windows far and nea;". A big splinter 
from the bomb which did damage in Chatsworth Road caught 
the main carrying the chief water supply of the town, where it 
crosses the Railway ; fortunately it only cracked the pipe, had 
it broken it Croydon would have been almost waterless, and the 
railway dangerously flooded. The lights at Creed and Bille's 
Factory had now been turned off, but the Zeppelin passed over 
it, and discharged what seemed to be a shower of bombs a little 
beyond it on Oval Road, destroying much property, shattering 



30 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

windows and furniture, and killing three people, a woman who 
had taken refuge in a cellar, and two young men who were in 
the street, one of them having run outdoors at the sound of the 
first explosion. Another missile burst through " Glendalough," 
the house of Dr. J. H. Thompson, at the corner of Morland Road, 
half demolishing it, but most fortunately not injuring anyone, 
although Mrs. Thompson and others were in the house at the 
time. The last effective bomb hit the upper story of a villa in 
Stretton Road, with fatal results to three people, a mother, son 
and daughter. A sad feature of the tragedy was that the husband, 
a sergeant-major, and another son, a lieutenant, were both 
away on active service. After this one more bomb was 
dropped in Howard Road, but this failed to explode. 

The noise of the exploding bombs was something that will 
not easily be forgotten. We can only describe it as resembling 
the crack of a thousand rifles and the clashing of a myriad titanic 
cymbals, all heard simultaneously. It was indeed awful and 
terrific. 

Beyond the outstanding tragedies of the raid considerable 
damage was done in the neighbourhood in which it occurred. 
Fragments of steel were found imbedded in trees, in walls, and 
deep in the ground, sometimes having pierced walls at some 
distance. Particles of wood, plaster, and brick were scattered 
everywhere, and minute fragments of glass seemed to have rained 
on the pavement. The Fire Brigade, the Special Constabulary, 
and the R.A.M.C. section of the Volunteers rendered invaluable 
aid, and did much to alleviate the pain and to restrict the damage 
caused by the visitation. 

What may be called the era of darkness now set in. 
" Darkness and composure " had long ago been prescribed as 
the preventive against the Zeppelin, and this gradually became 
an inflexible rule, rigidly required of the people. To read the 
regulations of'D.O.R.A." in regard to lighting was to experience 
a feeling of eeriness. Street lighting was so reduced that it 
only made the general opacity more obvious and depressing, the 
street lamps being so obscured that a circle of illumination about 
three yards in diameter was carved out of the night upon the 
ground, and no rays whatever were thrown upward. Every 
house and other building was compelled to possess dark blinds 
or have its lights shaded in order that no direct ray should emerge. 
The results were inconvenient in the extreme. Such streets as 
Katharine Street were tunnels of blackness on moonless winter 
nights. When people were about one felt their presence very 
literally by bumping into them ; one apologized, and immediately 



EVENTS IN CROYDON DURING THE WAR 31 

bumped into someone else. On nights of fog or mist one felt 
one's way home rather than traced it. Later on, hand electric 
flash lamps of low power were allowed to be carried ; these 
lighted the way for their possessors, but they had an extremely 
unpleasant effect on others ; one was in momentary danger of 
temporary blindness by receiving the flash of one of these lamps 
in one's eyes, sometimes as a result of accident, often as a result 
of thoughtlessness or actual impertinence on the part of the 
person carrying it. Frequent accidents of a minor kind occurred 
in the darkness ; people collided with trees, posts, and other 
street obstacles. One such accident occurred in North End when 
a respected Alderman collided with a young lady, and to prevent 
her falling backwards threw his arms around her. At that very 
moment a motor 'bus passed and its lights were strong enough 
to reveal the delicate situation. Whereupon the young lady 
remarked, somewhat tartly we believe, " You are old enough to 
know better." As no doubt the innocent well-meaning gentle- 
man was. 

To return to the chronicle of our doings. October, 1915 
saw the beginning of " Derby " recruiting, and a local military 
tribunal was appointed on 2nd November. We deal with the 
energetic and very remarkable campaign elsewhere, which did 
not indeed save England from the necessity of imposing con- 
scription, but which, nevertheless, almost did so, and in any case 
provided a sound foundation upon which the Military Service 
Act of 1916 could be worked. 



I916 

The year 191 6 opened with a great loss to the town. On 
7th February, the Mayor, Alderman Frank Denning, passed 
away without warning, at his house. The Elms, Cargreen Road, 
South Norwood, dying quietly in his sleep. He had attended 
assiduously to his public work all through the previous week, 
and had seemed in his normal health ; although looking at the 
matter after the event, it seems that he taxed his strength in- 
cessantly beyond endurance. He had served the town as 
councillor and alderman for over thirteen years, and his broad 
and statesmanlike abilities, his courage, frankness, integrity and 
human sympathy, together with his invaluable work in the first 
two war-years, have given him a place which is quite his own in 
the history of Croydon. His death was mourned as a public 
bereavement, and some months later his portrait was hung in 



32 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

the Town Hall, and on the wall opposite was placed a bronze 
tablet with a simple and dignified inscription, as follows : 

To the Memory of 
FRANK DENNING 

Alderman and Justice of the Peace 

of this Borough 

who served the office of 

MAYOR 

during the first eighteen months 

(August 1 9 14 to February 191 6) of 

THE GREAT EUROPEAN WAR 

Elected Mayor loth November 191 3 

died in office 7th February 191 6 

He was distinguished throughout 

his mayoralty by his assiduity and 

devotion to duty both as a 

PATRIOT AND CITIZEN 

Mrs. Denning, who had shared his enthusiasms and public 
services in a marked degree, survived him for little more than a 
year, herself dying on i6th April, 191 7. Not only by their life 
has Croydon benefited. They bequeathed the bulk of the 
by no means inconsiderable fortune which Alderman Denning 
had built up to trustees for the purposes of scientific and technical 
education, especially for Croydon people. 

Councillor (now Alderman) Howard Houlder, then chairman 
of the Education Committee, was elected to the vacant office, 
and as our second War Mayor it may be said that he fulfilled 
amply the high expectations to which his election gave rise. 
As chief magistrate, chairman of the Military Tribunal, advocate 
for war-loans and for all funds for the support and comfort of 
sailors and soldiers and their families, as an indefatigable social 
worker in every field where influence was to be exercised for the 
public good, the new Mayor succeeded completely ; and what 
he began, with a thoughtful eloquent inaugural speech on the 
2 1 St February, 191 6, he continued until November, 1919 ; for 
he was re-elected no less than three times and held the office for 
a longer continuous period than any of his predecessors. In all 
this he was seconded completely by Mrs. Houlder, to whom he 
has declared publicly is due the credit not only for much that he 
accomplished, but also for many activities in which she herself 
was the presiding spirit. Our ensuing pages will fully corroborate 
him. 




Fhut.il.y Howar 

Alderman Howard Houlder, D.L., J. P. 

Second War-Mayor (Feb., 1916 to Nov., 1919) 

Hon. Freeman of the Borough, 1920 




Mrs. Howard Houlder 
Mayoress, Feb., 1916 to Nov., 1919 
Hon. Freeman of the Borough, 1920 



EVENTS IN CROYDON DURING THE WAR 33 

The events of 19 16 may be summarised briefly. In May 
the Government War Pensions Committee came into existence, 
having for its province the administration of national pensions 
for the fighters and their dependents, and much valuable 
ameliorating work has resulted. The Derby recruiting scheme 
came to an end altogether on 7th June, when there was an 
extraordinary rush of men who preferred (as was promised if 
they attested) to be regarded as volunteers and not as conscripts. 
The day before the whole Empire and its Allies had been 
shocked and saddened by the tragic death by drowning of the 
master-soldier Earl Kitchener, the veritable creator of the great 
voluntary armies. A memorial service was conducted by the 
Vicar of Croydon (Canon White-Thomson) on 13th June. 

A word may be said about the Daylight Saving Bill, which 
became operative this year. Advocated long before the war by 
the late William Willett, the suggestion that the clock should be 
advanced one hour during summer months had not received the 
enthusiastic support of the conservative Britisher. Germany, 
however, being restrained by no democratic scruples, saw the 
advantages of the plan, and imposed daylight-saving upon her 
people quietly and effectively. England now followed suit, and 
the result was to lengthen the light evenings for work, drilling, 
gardening, and the other urgencies of the day. There were 
objections from farmers who regarded the clock as a Divine 
institution, and occasionally from mothers who found difficulty 
in getting children to bed an hour before their usual time ; but 
they did not counterbalance the obvious advantages of the new 
system. 

July found us with some apprehensions but with high hopes. 
A great allied offensive began this month on the Western Front, 
which we fondly believed would end the war. It led to terrible 
and bloody fighting, as History has already recorded ; with such 
splendid heroism as was shown in the abortive British attack 
upon Gommecourt. We were concerned deeply, and yet we 
were proud to learn that the East Surrey Regiment had taken a 
prominent part in the opening of this " Great Push." The 
quixotic, thoroughly British heroism of the East Surreys in 
the attack on the Warren (near Montauban) will long be 
remembered. Each platoon officer threw down a football and 
called upon his men to play it forward, which they did 
through a swathe of hostile machine gun fire and the enemy's 
curtain of shrapnel, and shot their goals in the German line. 
News came to us daily of gigantic battles fought and great deeds 
done, and the roll of honour grew longer and longer in its 
melancholy splendour ; so that before the year was ended 
there was scarcely a Croydon home which the Angel of Death 
had not visited. 



34 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

In 1 91 6 building came to a standstill everywhere. There 
had been much development in the few years preceding, especially 
in outer Addiscombe and in Norbury ; but from 1916 to 1919 
we believe that not a single dwellinghouse was erected. This 
was, of course, caused by the shortage of labour and materials, 
both of which were needed for sterner purposes. With the 
cessation of building there was also a cessation of road-making, 
and of road-repairing on any sufficient scale. To do either was 
an impossibility. Here were two of the most serious social 
factors of the time, and it is safe to say that one year of inaction 
in these things cannot be recovered in twice the time afterwards. 
The collection of house-refuse, and a certain amount of street- 
cleaning and watering were maintained, but only enough for 
the preserving of the public health. And now that the War is 
over. Government and the Municipality are making strenuous 
efforts to make good the alarming deficiencies in housing 
accommodation and in the state of the public streets ; but there 
is still much leeway to be made up. A glance at the chapter on 
Food Control will show how great are the movements of a 
population such as that of Croydon, and the dearth of houses is 
seen in its really serious aspect when it is related to the figures 
given there. A certain drab character gradually descended upon 
the town ; shop-fronts became dingy, houses almost dilapidated 
looking, paint was lacking. It was a minor, but nevertheless, 
a characteristic feature of war-time. 

Zeppelin raids occurred several times during 191 6, one of 
which was particularly startling, although no injury was done in 
Croydon itself. The darkness of which we have already made 
such feeling mention was our preserver, and it is said that the 
town lights were so well obscured that Croydon could not be 
seen from the sky. Even on moonlit nights, we are told, the 
town presented the appearance of a wood, an illusion also partly 
due to the leafy character of many of our streets. The raid of 
which we were speaking was one in which the raiders passed 
over Croydon, and dropped brilliant flares to illuminate their 
route. Several such flares were seen over the Borough, but it 
is said that they obscured the district immediately below while 
showing what was well in front. However that may be, bombs 
were dropped south of the town, and north also ; on Streatham 
(where it must be said the street lighting was more generous 
than in Croydon), and on several other parts of the road from 
thence to London — Croydon escaped. On 3rd September, 
many Croydon people saw what seemed to be the northern sky 
on fire when the first Zeppelin to be destroyed in England fell 
at Cuffley, beneath the attack of Lieutenant W. Lief Robinson ; 
on the 23rd of the same month the sight was repeated when two 
Zeppelins fell in flames, and again on ist October. We began 




Photo by Lewis 



Firing Maroons, as warning for Air-raid, 
at Croydon Police Station 



E\TENTS IN CROYDON DURING THE WAR 35 

to believe that at last the authorities had found means to engage 
the raiders, who hitherto had come and gone with perfect 
impunity. 

The Military Service Act had come into full operation on 
25th May, 1 91 6, and in a very brief time all men between the 
ages of 18 and 41 were either in the Army or Nav}', or had been 
exempted upon sufficient grounds. To ensure that none should 
evade military service occasional raids were made by the 
authorities upon places of amusement in search of absentees. 
One such was made in Croydon, on 8th September, but we are 
glad to record that only one man was discovered who could not 
then and there give a satisfactory account of himself. 

We learned with deep regret that Captain John Cyril Crowley 
had been killed in Mesopotamia on nth September, while 
covering with his machine gun company the retreat of a raiding 
party. He was a man greatly valued in the borough, as a member 
of the Town Council, on which he served from 1909 as a represen- 
tative of the Central Ward to the time of the outbreak of war, 
as a business man (he was a member of the well-known Croydon 
firm of brewers), as well as for his fine personal qualities. 
Another Croydonian whose death in action this month was much 
lamented was Lieutenant H. A. Link, son of Councillor Charles 
Link (then Chairman of the Education Committee), in honour 
of whom a memorial service was held at George Street Con- 
gregational Church on 17th September. A royal visit was made 
to Croydon, on 26th October, when Their Majesties the King 
and Queen inspected the Croydon War Hospitals. On 9th 
November, Mr. Howard Houlder, who had been made an 
alderman a month earlier, was re-elected Mayor. 

This review of the year omits many things ; for instance, 
it makes no reference to the flag days, or the Y.M.C.A.'s Hut 
week, which towards the end of the year realized ,(^6,200 ; nor 
have we commented upon the fact that by October twenty-eight 
of the panel doctors under the Croydon Insurance Committee 
were away with the forces ; nor can we trace the innumerable 
war-activities that were pursued daily in public and in private. 
We may mention, however, that during the year much billeting 
was done in Croydon. A labour battalion of the Bedfordshire 
Regiment was sent here for training and was billeted in London 
Road, Park Hill and Park Lane, with headquarters in Wellesley 
Road ; and the Army Service Corps was stationed at South 
Norwood and Upper Norwood. Khaki now dominated the 
streets everywhere ; a young man in civilian clothes was rare ; 
and men between forty and fifty who had perhaps hitherto 
thought themselves middle-aged found that they had become the 
young men of the home population. 



36 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

As regards the War the year had been one of high hopes and 
much optimism, but had been disappointing in many ways. 
In it was fought the great inconclusive Battle of Jutland, which 
indeed proved that England still held the seas, but which was, 
in the first instance, reported to our people in so abrupt a manner 
that the impression of a defeat was given. The great offensive 
of July on the Western Front had not swept the German armies 
back across the Rhine as some had fondly hoped it would ; 
the maximum depth of the British advance had been only three 
miles, won at an appalling cost. But mihtary critics now say 
that in reality it was the crushing blow which really meant 
inevitable victory. Roumania had declared war on Germany on 
27th August, and we believed that her ill-timed entry spelt the 
earlier attainment of victory, but by December Falkenhayn had 
carried the German standard to Bukarest, and had entirely 
routed the Roumanians. Moreover, the offensive power of Russia 
had gradually worn itself out, and she had been unable to aid 
Roumania, or indeed any of her allies. Casualties everywhere 
had become so heavy that several of the belligerent governments 
ceased to publish the casualties of their armies, and all settled 
down grimly to a war of attrition, in which it was believed that 
the side possessing the greatest staying power rather than the 
most dramatic military skill would emerge triumphant. 



I9I7 

These circumstances were indeed very serious, but the 
human mind cannot dwell for ever upon catastrophe, and, in 
spite of anxieties for absent ones, increasing cost of living, and 
nightly expectations of raids, the home population managed to 
keep Christmas cheerfully. The first note struck publicly in 
January, 1917, was by the Rt. Hon. Arthur Henderson, M.P., 
who prophesied " victory this year," at the anniversary meeting 
of the North End Brotherhood ; but, it must be confessed that 
we had become confirmed sceptics so far as such prophecies 
were concerned. On 19th January, 19 17, a tremendous, but 
distant, explosion was heard, the concussion of which shook 
every house in Croydon ; it was the disaster of Silvertown, 
more than twelve miles away, where an explosives factory blew 
up, wrecking the district and causing much loss of life. Another 
great national financial effort, called the Victory Loan, was made 
this January, and the Croydon Town Council gave a good lead 
to the town by investing ,{^250,000. A system by which the 
Mayor and other trustees obtained bonds and re-sold them to 



EVENTS IN CROYDON DURING THE WAR 37 

the public on an instalment plan, proved most successful, 
5^94,000 being invested in this way by 2,094 subscribers. In 
the same month the Council took over the control of the allot- 
ments movement in the Borough. March was shadowed by the 
sudden death of the Deputy-Mayor, Alderman Samuel Rogers, 
J. P., which occurred on the loth. He had served the South Ward 
as a councillor from 1902 to 1916, when he was elected an alder- 
man, and had filled the office of Mayor with dignity and success 
in the year 191 2-1 3. He had rendered great public service 
during the War, and he died honoured by the respect and esteem 
of his fellow citizens. 

It will be remembered that 31st January, 19 17, saw the 
beginning of *' official " unrestricted submarine warfare by 
the Germans, when, to quote its author, the notorious Von 
Tirpitz, " it was clear from the outset that the existing rules of 
maritime law, which in the main dated from the days of sailing 
vessels, did not properly cover the circumstances of the present 
day." This infamous repudiation of international law had, of 
course, existed in actual fact for two years, as the bombardment 
of Scarborough, and the sinking of the passenger ships Falaba 
and Lusitania, and the hospital ship Sussex, had already demon- 
strated, but now Germany openly defied the law of civilised 
nations. In a remarkable story written before the War called 
Danger, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle had pictured an England 
starved into submission by a daring and unscrupulous submarine 
campaign. As Kipling makes his " Big Steamers " sing : — 

For the bread that you eat and the biscuits you nibble, 
The sweets that you suck and the joints that you carve. 

They are brought to you daily by all us Big Steamers — 
And if any one hinders our coming you'll starve. 

Catastrophe after catastrophe followed ; long lists of lost 
vessels, torpedoed without warning, and often with the loss of 
the whole ship's company, appeared daily, ranging from great 
liners to small coast-wise vessels. Then the names were omitted ; 
and we were given only monthly lists of the total tonnage lost 
by enemy action ; and the huge figures covered infinite tragedy 
as well as heroism. We never came within measurable distance 
of actual starvation, but it must be remembered that the English 
nation was entirely unequipped for such an emergency, and 
with vanishing food-stocks, and this enormous interference with 
our sea traffic, food began to become dearer, then scarcer, and 
finally some foods seemed to vanish entirely. Various measures 
were adopted. In the first place an energetic campaign for 
economy in food was carried on with much success on a voluntary 
basis ; but under any voluntary system there may be some 
carelessness or greed in individual cases, and at the end of April 



38 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

the situation was felt so keenly in Croydon that a mass meeting 
was held at the Grand Theatre which passed resolutions demand- 
ing that the food supply should pass under Government control. 
The Government was forced by circumstances to move at last, 
and the Ministry of Food, itself a war institution, set up national 
rationing during the summer. Croydon's Food Committee was 
appointed by the Council to carry this out for the Borough on 
28th August, 1917. The account given in chapter III of Part 
Five of this book is a most interesting and significant story of 
successful effort to maintain and equalize food supplies. An 
experiment which we record in a later chapter (National Kitchens) 
was commenced this year on 30th May, when the Mayor opened 
the first communal kitchen at Beulah Road Schools. 

On 15th June the Mayor informed the Town Council that 
he had received news of the death of Lieutenant-Colonel U. L. 
Hooke, commanding officer of the 3/4th Queen's, who was killed 
by a shell at Roeux, and of the Rev. C. H. Schooling, a curate at 
the Parish Church, who had fallen in action. 

The year 19 17 will remain in the memory of the home 
population as a year of air-raids. By this time the Zeppelin had 
been superseded by the far more formidable aeroplane as a 
long-distance raider. During the early part of 1917 single 
German aeroplanes had paid lightning visits to the south-east 
coast towns, Dover and elsewhere, dropping bombs from great 
heights and darting away immediately. On 7th May one of the 
machines reached north-east London and dropped four bombs, 
which killed one man and injured two women ; on 25th May a 
large squadron of them attacked Folkestone and its neighbour- 
hood, inflicting 250 casualties ; and on 13th June fifteen machines 
of the Gotha type raided the East End of London, killing 104 
people and injuring 423. On 7th July the largest squadron yet 
recorded visited London, apparently approaching from the south- 
east. The machines, like a flock of diminutive black birds, 
high out of the range of the gun-fire then available, came sailing 
through a bright blue sky directly towards Addiscombe. The 
business of the Police Court here was suspended, and everybody 
took such shelter as was available. Fortunately, however, the 
squadron wheeled north before it reached Croydon, steering over 
the Crystal Palace and thence right over the City of London, 
where, as it will be remembered, it did damage, which although 
of no military consequence, was serious enough, and inflicted 
240 casualties, according to the official record. In September a 
new terror was added to raiding when the enemy began to make 
his visits by moonlight. 

Air-raids are so essentially part of our memories of the 
Great War, that it seems desirable to make as accurate a record 



EVENTS IN CROYDON DURING THE WAR 39 

as possible of the impression they made upon our people. But 
it must be claimed from the outset that their moral effect from 
the enemy's standpoint, was entirely the reverse of what they 
were intended to achieve. He desired primarily to destroy 
what he impudently called our " will to war," and by terrorising 
our civil population he hoped that they would compel the 
Government to make peace — on his terms. In the history of 
the world no more egregious psychological miscalculation has 
been made. After a raid, people looked tired, sad perhaps, but 
there was a general clenching of the teeth and always an increased 
determination to destroy the power which used these means of 
war. The exclamation of an elderly man listening to the 
defending guns during a raid, " By God, I wish I could help 
with that gun," was the spirit that our would-be terrifiers created. 
But, even so, the raids were a great strain, especially as casualties 
occurred in every one of them, and there was no adequate shelter 
in most of the areas. In a place like Croydon there were 
thousands of women and children as well as men in daily or 
nightly peril. We were all astronomers of a kind in those days, 
even those amongst us who had hitherto scarcely noticed the 
night-sky before. The ZeppeUn preferred a moderately dark 
night as offering concealment, but the more fatal aeroplane 
greatly preferred a night when the moon was near to the full, 
as the peculiar quality of the moonlight made it practically 
impossible to see machines flying at great heights, except when 
they actually crossed the disc of the moon. The phases of the 
moon were therefore watched with anxiety, and the cry of 
Hippolyta, " I am weary of this moon ; would he would change," 
represented a general thought. But later the aeroplane came 
occasionally even on moonless nights ; only on the nights of 
storm, rain and fog were we reasonably sure of safety. 

The defences of London were entirely inadequate for the 
first three war-years. There were too few guns and insufficient 
fighting aeroplanes, and during some Zeppelin raids not a 
defending gun-report had been heard. After the midsummer 
aeroplane raids of 1917, however, anti-aircraft guns were installed 
all round London, the chief Croydon guns being one in Gonville 
Road, Thornton Heath, a most rapid firing French gun, known 
quizzically as the " cough-drop," because of its dry, coughing 
sound, and a much heavier gun with a deeper note at Elmer's 
End. The searchlight service was gradually improved and 
extended so that at night the sky was frequently a maze of 
wheeling shafts of intense light, and to these were added peculiar 
spot-lights which threw blobs of light on the sky. As many as 100 
separate searchlight beams have been counted from Croydon, 
seeming to converge from all sides on the sky above the town. 
We are fortunate in having a sketch of the effect, by Miss 



40 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

Gledstanes. On 23rd July, 1917, the authorities, having reached 
the conclusion that to warn people of the approach of a raid was 
probably better than to allow them to become aware of it by 
bombs dropping upon their heads, ordered a warning to be 
given by the firing of two maroons in quick succession from 
every police station in the raid area. Raids that had been 
silent hitherto, except for the occasional exploding bomb, now 
became orgies of noise. We learned this to the full in Sep- 
tember, 1917, when raids became nightly affairs. 

It would happen thus. One would be walking on an early 
night, with that brightness of the rising moon which we always 
associate with September. Suddenly a " boom " would shatter 
the silence, and, turning, one would see the expiring red sparks 
of the waning rocket. A moment of tense silence, and then the 
sound would be repeated. The enemy had crossed the English 
coast-line. Then everyone quickened his steps homeward, or, 
if too far from home, took cover in one of the places which had 
been set aside as air-raid shelters. People who owned basements 
betook themselves to them. Others vacated top floors, turned 
round arm-chairs with their backs towards the windows — and 
waited. This was the most trying time perhaps in the raid. 
Would it materialize ? Usually it did, about twenty minutes 
later. Far off poppings began, at first in desultory fashion, then 
in increasing numbers and without pause. Then, with deep, 
deliberate reverberations, the Elmer's End gun came into action, 
making the ground vibrate. Immediately afterwards, the Gon- 
ville Road gun, which had the special quality of making all the 
windows rattle, followed on. We counted the discharges of this 
gun on one occasion, and found them to be twenty-one a minute. 
As the raid got nearer the shrapnel necessarily also fell nearer. 
The shells in their flight made a noise resembling the wailings 
of cats, and the bursting shell had a distinct whine about it. 
Then was heard the whirr, or drone, or hum — all these expres- 
sions have been used to describe it — of aeroplanes. Were they 
our own or the enemy's ? A difference between them could be 
detected. It was said that the British machines made a more 
droning sound, and one on a higher note, than the German. 
The latter made a noise of a more grinding type — " whirr — 
pause — whirr, whirr — pause — whirr." We were forbidden to 
look out of the windows, and had small inclination to do so ; 
but when we did venture to look out we could see only search- 
lights, wheeling faintly against a sky so bright that it cancelled 
the greater part of their power ; while away in the direction of 
Woolwich great fan-shaped bursts of white light marked the 
continuous guns of the barrage. Sounds of machines throbbed 
everywhere in the sky, and one machine at least always seemed 
to be immediately above one's own roof ; and now and then the 



EVENTS IN CROYDON DURING THE WAR 41 

snapping of a machine gun told of work a-doing overhead. 
Thus we sat, for one, two, and sometimes three hours, reading, 
smoking, or talking hard of anything but raids, but obviously 
thinking of nothing else, and " wondering where the next one 
would go," when a sudden shaking of the whole house pro- 
claimed that somewhere a bomb had dropped. More adven- 
turous spirits slept through raids. The late coroner, Dr. Thomas 
Jackson, advised people to go to bed as usual, and the present 
Editor considers he was right, as no bomb ever fell on Croydon 
after the fatal 13th October, 1915 ; but many had not the courage 
to do this. Gradually the firing would die away ; the sound 
of our own returning machines would be heard, and then would 
come silence. Sometimes it was broken by a return of the 
raiders ; sometimes also when an enemy, trying to escape from 
the barrage on the north, sought the way out south ; but more 
frequently the silence lasted, until, faint and welcome, came the 
thin bright notes of the buglers coming nearer with the most 
welcome sound we heard in that September, the " G.-C." of 
the *' All Clear." All the locomotives on the railway also blew 
a " cock-a-doodle-do " note on their whistles. Then with 
devout thankfulness for one more escape, those who had stayed 
up all went to bed. 

Officially the raid was more complicated. Some time before 
the maroons were fired, the police and special police received 
the call known as the " Field Marshal," telling them that the 
raiders were on the way. Then came the " stand-by," and all 
the special constables were called up. The public warning 
followed when the raid became practically certain ; but there 
were many alarms received officially of which the public heard 
nothing. 

We have described a typical raid. There were about eight 
such raids in September, and they occurred at each full moon 
until May, 1918, when the defences became too strong for them 
and the conditions of the Western Front were such that machines 
could not be hazarded in attacks upon London. Certain places 
in Croydon, as we have hinted, were used as raid shelters. The 
principal of these was the basement of the Town Hall, which 
was well filled, and sometimes more than crowded, on raid 
nights. Churches, furniture repositories, breweries, libraries and 
business premises were also used in this way. Dug-outs were 
not constructed in many places ; we are only aware of two ; 
one, which a resident in Carlyle Road had made for his household, 
and a much larger one which several residents on the Ashburton 
Estate, Addiscombe, had dug out of the bank on the side of 
Addiscombe Road next to Sandpits Farm. It happened, 
rather ironically, that no real raid occurred after the latter dug-out 



42 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

was finished. During the raids the Special Constabulary made 
valuable observations from several points, which assisted the 
defences. The principal of these was the Water Tower, the 
equipment and work of which we record later. Both here and 
from the Town Hall tower a minute-to-minute observations- 
record was made, an example of which we give in Part IV., 
chapter I. 

It is remarkable how slightly vital public business was retarded 
by air-raids. Naturally there was a cessation of work when they 
occurred, but an hour afterwards everything seemed to resume 
as usual. We have noted that the Police Court stopped work on 
7th July, 1917. On 24th September the Education Committee 
adjourned, and took cover in the basement of the Town Hall. 
We believe one or two Committees continued their discussion 
in the basement during raids. On iSth February, 1918, the 
Town Council, while sitting, received an air-raid warning, but 
decided to " carry on." It may be stated that there were no 
unnecessary speeches, and that the business of the Council 
proceeded with a dispatch which was probably unique. So much 
so that most of the members got away before the raid materialised. 

Very little damage was done by the raids. Shrapnel was 
picked up in many of the streets. A few windows were broken 
and ceilings were brought down by shrapnel, as might be expected 
when it is remembered that the whole district was peppered with 
faUing pieces of metal. A few minor casualties resulted from the 
same cause ; but none, so far as we know, fatal or even serious. 

On 1 8th December, 1917, the death occurred of Captain 
David Barrie, who from the beginning of the War had acted as 
recruiting officer for Croydon. Plis work had been strenuous, 
exacting and often irritating, but he combined organizing ability 
with excellent good temper and was universally popular. His 
death was much regretted. 



I918 

Looking over the impressions that remain of the year 1918, 
we see three outstanding features of that eventful time. The 
first was the food question ; the second the devastating outbreak 
of war-time influenza ; and the third the crowning of all war 
efforts by the signing of the Armistice. By the beginning of 
191 8 the food question had reached its cHmax. The Food 
Control Committee was very active at this time in its efforts to 
solve the problem of the queue. The streets were filled with 



EVENTS IN CROYDON DURING THE WAR 43 

housewives and others who were seeking for food. Fortunately, 
as the record in our later pages shows, there was food enough in 
the country, if only it were equitably distributed, and when the 
ration cards came into full working order, as they did before the 
end of Februar)^ 1918, the situation became tolerable, and 
considering all the circumstances most satisfactory. 

On the 13th February the town sustained a loss in the 
death of Sir Reuben V. Barrow, who had been Mayor of the 
Borough in 1885-6, and had been an alderman from the year of 
his election in 1883 until the year 191 6, when he retired from the 
Council. His long services to the Borough were important and 
far-reaching. He was elected a freeman on the 4th October, 
1909, and his portrait hangs in the vestibule of the Town Hall. 

The month of March was notable for a " Tank Day," when 
our townsfolk were invited to subscribe to the Victory Loan. 
It proved to be a huge success, the total sum received being 
5^460,000. It is a sad thing to recall that the day was shadowed 
by the tragic death of a young airman, whose evolutions over the 
Town Hall had much interested the spectators. His engine 
failed, and he crashed to the ground, being killed instantly. 
It was about the i6th March that the Mayor received the news 
that his eldest son, Sergt. H. F. Houlder, M.M., R.A.M.C, 
who was serving with the Ambulance on the Western Front, 
was missing. He proved afterwards to have become a prisoner 
of war in Germany, and fortunately he returned safe and sound, 
after the Armistice. 

The 23rd March, St. George's Day, will remain for ever in 
the memory of the English people because of the heroic attack 
on Zeebrugge by H.M.S. " Vindictive " and her companion ships. 
Croydon had an intimate interest in the event because Captain 
Alfred Francis B. Carpenter, V.C., the commander of the 
expedition, is the son of our neighbour, Captain Alfred Carpenter, 
R.N.,D.S.O., of Sanderstead. Later on, in July, a " Vindictive " 
week on behalf of the War Loan was held in Croydon and East 
Surrey, at which the Officers of the " Vindictive " spoke, and 
in the course of which ^600,000 was invested in War Loan, as 
the contribution of the district towards the cost of a new 
" Vindictive," and a picture of the famous attack was presented 
to the new ship, as we record elsewhere. 

July, 1918, was marked by the sudden outbreak of war-time 
influenza. This scourge was called Spanish Influenza at first, 
and although it spread amongst the population like a conflagration, 
it was not very fatal in its results. It recurred, however, in a 
much more dangerous form in October, accompanied by a most 
deadly species of septic pneumonia ; and again a third wave 



44 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

occurred at the beginning of 191 9. In many houses whole 
famihes were down with the sickness together, and were without 
help. In some cases we know that families would have 
starved without the help of sympathetic neighbours. Doctors 
were given latch-keys in order to gain access to houses in 
which everybody was prostrate. The death rate was 
higher than any recorded for more than twenty years. 
Each wave of the epidemic lasted about five weeks, and 
although every precaution was taken by the authorities, and 
schools were shut, the doctors were so overworked and the 
national medical organization was so bad that proper treatment 
and certainly proper nursing were not available for a large part 
of the community. It was really out of this trouble that the 
Ministry of Health came into existence, and it is hoped that 
in any future epidemic a fuller medical and nursing service will 
be available for homes which at present cannot afford them. 

From the national point of view 191 8 was during its first 
half a most critical year. The great German offensive on 20th 
March had thrust back the whole Allied Western line, with 
enormous losses, almost to where it had stood in 1914. Parliament 
immediately extended the Military Service Acts to make men 
from 40 to 50 years of age liable for service. Many men who 
had hitherto been prevented from serving because of their age 
now joined up, among them Mr. Councillor James Stevenson, 
who subsequently became a captain in the Royal Army Service 
Corps. The Volunteers were called upon to furnish a garrison 
for the East Coast in order to release the regular troops for 
service in France, and a sufficient number of Volunteers for this 
purpose were obtained. The time was one of great strain. For 
three months the tension lasted ; while the enemy made attack 
after attack in the direction of Paris, his last desperate bid for 
victory or for a peace satisfactory to himself. Then, in July, 
Marshal Foch launched his counter stroke, and the gradual 
rolling back of the German Armies began. From that time the 
issue was never in doubt, but recruiting and the work of the 
tribunals continued industriously. There was also recruiting for 
the W.A.A.C.'s, or, as the Corps was now called, Queen Mary's 
Auxiliary Army Corps. A demonstration was held in connexion 
with the last on 27th July which brought in a large number of 
recruits. 

A feature of August, 1918, was a strike of the tramway men, 
the second that had occurred during the war. The first occurred 
from April to July, 19 16, when the Council resisted and the 
strike failed. This second strike was to enforce the claim that 
women should be paid at the same rate as the men whose work 
they were doing ; and the matter was concluded, in this instance 
successfully, by arbitration. 



EVENTS IN CROYDON DURING THE WAR 45 

October saw another campaign on behalf of the War Loan, 
a week being devoted to the purpose. Guns captured from the 
enemy were exhibited under the guard of Volunteers in Katharine 
Street, and were inspected by thousands of people. During 
" Gun Week," as it was called, the total investment of the Croydon 
people was ^^319,595. 

By November the international atmosphere had cleared 
enormously. The British and French troops were advancing 
rapidly, Bulgaria had capitulated, Austria-Hungary was defeated, 
the Central Powers were on the verge of collapse ; and in Croydon 
as elsewhere hopes, long restrained, began to run high. On 9th 
November, Mr. Alderman Houlder was elected Mayor for the 
fourth successive time. He told the Council that they 
approached the new mayoral year under very different conditions 
from those of the last three or four years. Triumph was coming 
near. In his speech he made reference to the fact that the Vicar 
of Croydon, the Rev. Canon White-Thomson, had been elevated 
to the Archidiaconate of Canterbury. The Vicar had been in 
the forefront of every movement for the successful prosecution 
of the war and for the amelioration of the lot of the soldiers 
and their dependents. His preferment reflected honour upon 
the Borough. In a spirit appropriate to the hour, the Mayor 
invited the members to attend the Parish Church with him on 
the next day, Sunday. It would be fitting, he thought, that the 
representatives of the Borough should meet together in the 
Parish Church and unitedly and publicly give thanks for the 
mercies of the past and ask for Divine guidance in carrying out 
the responsible duties which would rest upon them in the coming 
year. The prophecies of the day were realized two days later. 
All Sunday there was an intense feeling in the air. Messages 
were passing to and from the battlefields and the homeland, 
showing that negotiations were in progress and that any minute 
might mean peace. 

And at last, early on Monday, the nth, we heard that 
the Armistice had been signed at 5 o'clock in the morning, 
and that the "cease fire" would be given at 11 o'clock. It 
was a drab November morning with intervals of falling rain ; 
but thousands of people were in the streets, and there was a 
quiet cheerfulness amongst them that had long been absent. 
At II o'clock the maroons, hitherto the heralds of air attack, 
now proclaimed the cessation of war by the signing of an 
armistice. The flag was hoisted upon the Town Hall, and the 
Croydon Parish Church bells rang gaily. Of the doings of the 
day we give a detailed account elsewhere. At the impromptu 
meeting in Katharine Street, which occurred immediately on the 
hoisting of the flag, the Mayor said a few words which deserve 



46 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

to be remembered. He said : " Fellow people of Croydon, — 
Events have moved at a tremendous pace in the last few days. 
The hour we have been waiting for has now come. We rejoice 
at it. The news being so sudden this is not the time for a 
speech. But I am sure I may, on behalf of the town, express 
humble and hearty thanks for the deliverance we have had from 
the menace which has threatened us for more than four years. 
Prussian militarism has received its final blow. Autocracy 
has disappeared from the earth. If there is one thing more true 
than another that result is due to the courage, steadfastness and 
tenacity of purpose of the British people. It is not for us to be 
unduly proud over what we have done, but it is right that we 
should recognise it. Further, it is our duty, aided by our 
glorious Allies, to recognise the responsibility that rests upon us 
concerning the days to come. We are the inheritors of a great 
heritage. The duty is incumbent upon us to lead the van in 
the reconstruction of the world. Just as it is a general duty, so, 
I hope and believe, and have every confidence, the people of 
Croydon will make it their particular duty to do whatever Ues 
in their power to carry that principle out. We shall, no doubt, 
have other occasions of celebrating the joyous news of to-day. 
I appeal to the people of Croydon to comport themselves with 
restraint under the new conditions that have come ; and with 
that confident expectation and hope, I say, ' God bless Croydon 
and all the people who live in the town.' " 

Thus ended the Great War ; and within a few weeks the 
boys began to come home again. But even now, as we write, 
more than a year after the event, we still are battling with the 
many problems which the delays and waste of the war have 
created. At the end of the war, Croydon, as we have hinted 
before, presented a strained and shabby appearance, with a 
crowded population, streets out of repair, shops and houses 
badly in need of repainting, and arrears to make up in all 
directions. We have much to be thankful for to those who 
directed the war in the Field and in the Central Government, 
but we have also a sense of gratitude to those who looked after 
the interests of our own town. Everybody worked, officially or 
unofficially, who remained at home ; there was a home front as 
well as a fighting front. Our gratitude to those who fought 
transcends words, and will never find adequate expression or 
acknowledgment. That is beyond us. They and we know that 
but for their efforts the heritage of freedom which our fathers 
gave us would have perished for ever from the earth. 



lO 




Councillor Charles Heath Clark, J. P. 
Peace-Mayor (from Nov., 1919) 



Photo l)v Lewis 




Mrs. Heath Clahk 
Mayoress from Nov., 1919 



Jhoto by Lewis 



. Croydon County Borough 
Council, 1914 to 1919 



LIST OF WAR COMMITTEES. 

[ The numbers after the names indicate the lyar-Cotnniittees on which the Members 
served, as given in the list le/ozv.] 

1. Belgian Refugees Fund. 2. Corporation Employees (Discharged SoldiersJ. 
3. Croydon District Association of Voluntary Organisations. 4. Croydon Local Central 
War Savines. 5. Food Control. 6. Mayor's Committee. 7. Mayoress's Committee- 
8. Mayoress's Flag Day. 9. National Kitchens. 10. National Registration. 11. National 
Service. 12. National Service (Corporation Employees). 13. Small Holdings and Allot- 
ments. 14. Tribunals. 15. War Charities. 16. War Pensions. 

I. MAYORS. 

Alderman Frank Denning, J.P. 

(Counc, 1903-15 ; Aid., 1915-16 ; Mayor, Nov., 1913, to 
Feb., 1916.) I, 6, 10, 13, 14. 

Mayoress — Mrs. Denning, 6, 7, 8. 

Alderman Howard Houlder, D.L., J.P. 

(Counc, igo6-i6 ; Aid., 1916- ; Mayor, Feb., 1916, to 
Nov., 1919.) I, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 12, 14, 16 

Mayoress — Mrs. Houlder, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 11, 16. 

Sons who served — Sergt. H. F. Houlder, M.M., R.A.M.C., 

1 9 14- 19 ; served in France, pris. of war in Germany, 

March, 1918-Nov., 1919. 

2/Lt. A. C. Houlder, Queen's, volunteered from Ceylon. 

Councillor Charles Heath Clark, J.P. 

(Counc, 1915- ). 4, 5, 13, 14, 16. 

Mayoress — Mrs. Heath Clark, 16. 

II. ALDERMEN. 

Allen, George John, J.P. 

(Counc, 1893-99 'j Aid., 1899- ). 2, 6, 12, 14, 16. 

Sons who served — Lt. Col. Clarence Allen, M.C, R.A.S.C 

Col. Allen (then Capt.) took out the Surrey Brigade, 

T. & S. Company, with 27th Division to France. Many 

times mentioned in despatches. 

Capt. J. R. Allen, R.A.S.C, Surrey Brigade. Mentioned 

in despatches. 

Major Stanley R. Docking, T.D. {son-in-law). 

Barrow, Sir Reuben Vincent, J.P. 

(Counc, 1883 ; Aid., 1883-1916). 

Betteridge, Thomas, J.P. 

(Counc, 1894-1910 ; Aid., 1910- ). i, 11, 13, 14, 16. 

Edridge, Sir Frederick Thomas, D.L., J.P. ; Hon. Colonel 4th Queen's 
(Counc, 1889-91 ; Aid., 1891- ). 2, 3, 6, 11, 14, 16. 



48 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

Fox, Major John Edward, T.D., J.P. 

(Counc, 1906-09 ; Aid., 1909- ). 

Raised Croydon Column of South Eastern Mounted Brigade, 

A.S.C. 

Hancock, John Appleby. 

(Counc, 1898-1917 ; Aid,, 1917- ). 5, 9. 

HiLLiER, Thomas. 

(Counc, 1883-1903 ; Aid., 1903-15), 

JosLiN Peter. 

(Counc, 1887-98 ; Aid., 1898-1917), 

King, Francis William Mark, J.P. 

(Counc, 1889-1905 ; Aid., 1905- ). 14, Chairman, Local 

Pensions Committee, South Norwood. 
LiLLico, William, J.P. 

(Counc, 1889-1903 ; Aid., 1903- ). 2, 6, 7, 10, 13, 15, i6. 
Miller, David Buck, J.P. 

(Counc, 1883-91 ; Aid., 1891-1919). 

Moore, Henry Keatley, B.A., B.Mus., J.P. 

(Counc, 1893-98, 1902-08 ; Aid., 1908- ). i, 6. Chairman, 

War Refugees' Committee. 

Daughter who served — Helena R. Moore, W.R.N,S. 
Price, George Nicoll. 

(Counc, 1890-1906 ; Aid., 1906- ). 

Rogers, Samuel, J.P. 

(Counc, 1902-16 ; Aid., 1916-17). 2, 6, 10, 13, 14. 

Southwell, William Baines. 

(Counc, 1906-19 ; Aid., 1919- ). 2, 5, 9, 11, 12, 16. 

So7i who served — Lt. William Baines Southwell, i/4th 
Buffs (still serving). 
Taylor, Martin. 

(Counc, 1883-96 ; Aid., 1896- ), 15. 

Grandson zuho served — Ronald Martin Panniers. 
R.W. Kent Regt. Wounded in Somme Offensive, 1915. 
Was wounded on Somme, and lost an eye at Messines. 
Trumble, James, J. P., 

(Counc, 1893-1905 ; Aid., 1905- ), 4, 6, 9, 15, 16, 

Trythall, John Anthony, J.P, 

(Counc, 1901-17 ; Aid., 1917- ). 9, 13, 

Sons who served — Lt. Horace John Trythall, ist Queen's 
R.W.S. Regt. Badly wounded in France. 
Gunner Harold Goodman Trythall, R.H.A. 

III. COUNCILLORS. 

Adams, William. 

(1913- ), 13. 

Addison, George Schooley. 
(1894-1900 ; 1909- ), 

Allen, Francis, M.B.E., J.P, 

(1917- ). 4, 6, 15, 16. 

Son who served — 2/Lt. G. P. Allen, 3/4th Queen's R.W.S. 
Regt. Died of wounds received in bombing accident. 



12 




I hoto l)y ].e\\'\> 

John Montague Newnham, O.B.E., D.I.., LL.D., B.A. 
Town Clerk from Sept., 1913 
Hon. Lieut. Colonel, i Vol. Bat., " The Queen's." 



CROYDON COUNTY BOROUGH COUNCIL, 1914-19 49 

Ambler, William. 
(1905-18). 

Barker, David William. 
(1906- ). 5. 

Sons who served — Edward T. Barker, i/4th Queen's 

R.W.S. Regt. Died in India, May i8th, 1915. 

Frederick Christopher Barker, Vishna Rifles. 

Wounded at Jericho. 

Leonard David Barker, London Rifles. Wounded and 

gassed in France. 

Stanley Barker, Middlesex Regt. Pris. of war in 

Germany for zk years. 

Barnett, Edward Watson. 
(1903-18). 

Son zvho served — Major Erik E. Barnett. R.A.F., served 
throughout the war in various parts of the Mediterranean, 
etc. 

Bishop, Samuel William. 
(1902- ). 2. 

Son who served — A. W. Bishop, R.A.F., May, 1917-Aug., 
1920. Another son, H. Bishop, having only one eye, was 
refused by the Army and served as Special Constable from 
Dec, 1917, until demobilization. 

Bradshaw, Joseph. 

(1913- ). 2, 13, 16. 

Chamberlain, Walter John. 
(1911- ). 

Chapman, Charles Tobias. 
(1912-19). 

Chown, Frank Herbert. 
(1919- ). 

West London Mounted Rifles and Motor Volunteers 
(station and hospital work), 19x5-19. Mr. Chown served 
in the Boer War in 1900. 

CLARKE, JOHN ARTHUR. 
(1907-16, 1917- ). 13. 

Served as Farrier StafT-Sergeant, Remounts, attached 

R.A.S.C., Sept., I9i4-Jan., 1918. 

Son who served — 2/A.M., A. J. Clarke, R.A.F. 

Coldrey, Francis. 

(1915- ). 6. 13, 

COSEDGE. PERCIVAL GEORGE ALLEN. 

(1912-14). 

Served in E. Sur. Regt. Died of wounds at 8th C.C.S., 
France, i6th Dec, 19 14. 

CROWLEY. JOHN CYRIL, M.A. 
(1909-15). 13. 

Served as Captain in i/4th " Queen's ' R.W.S. Regt., 
1906-iith Sept., 1916. Fell in Mesopotamia. 

D 



50 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

Docking, Frederick Reynolds. 
(1898-1903 ; 1918-19). 

Sons who served — Lieut. C. W. Docking, R.A.S.C., May, 
i9iS-Sept., 1919, in Egypt and Palestine. 
Capt. F. L. Docking, joined Australians, 1914, and was 
in original landing at Gallipoli, and in Egypt, France and 
Flanders, and the Army of Occupation, Germany, till 
Oct., 1919. 
Fagg, William Henry. 
(1913-16). 13. 
Field, Albert James Camden. 

(1910-13 ; 1915- ). 5. IS. 16. 

Son who served — Albert Joseph Camden Field, 9th City 
of London Regt. (Queen Victoria's Rifles). Wounded at 
Hebuterne, May, 1916, and in the advance on Cambrai, 
Nov., 1917. 
Cough, Ernest William. 
(1913- ). 6. 

Served also on Demobilised Officers' Panel Committee, Horrex 
Hotel, London. 

So?is who served — Lt. Edward Ernest Gough, R.G.A., S.R. 
2/Lt. William Eric Gough, R.M.L.L 
Hammond, James Charles. 

(1919- ). 
Heighton, James Hughes, M.A. 

(1917- )- 
Hicks, John. 

(1918- ). 13. 

Son who served— Wii^hiAM John Hicks, Wireless Officer, 
R.N.V.R., on various ships ; last ship torpedoed. 
Hussey, Charles, J.P. 

(1909-15). 
Jackson, Albert. 
(1918- ). 
Lewis, Thomas Arthur. 
(1911- ). 6. 

Son who served — Lt. C. A. Lewis, R.F.A., 1914-19. 

LiGHTON, Thomas, 

(1904-16.) 
Link, Charles William. 
(1906-19). 4. 

Sons who served — 2/Lt. Horace A. Link, H.A.C. Fell, 
near Bully Grenay, France, Sept., 1916. 
Lt. Charles Ernest Link, R.N.V.R., attached R.N.A.S. 
Mardell, Robert William. 

(1919- ). 
MOIR, ALFRED. 

(1919- ). 4. 

ist Quartermaster i/ist (Croydon) Surrey, V.T.C. Took part in 
Public Recruiting and War Savings campaigns. Enlisted, June, 
1917, in 5th E. Surrey Regt. ; commissioned Nov., 1917, in 
Highland Light Inf. ; Capt., Oct., 1918. Served in France, 
Feb., 1918-May, 1919- 

Sons who served — Corp. A. Douglas Moir, R.F.A., Aug., 
1915-Feb., 1919. Twice wounded. 

2/Lt. Leslie J. A. Moir, E. Surrey Regt. (formerly in 
Artists' Rifles), Feb., 1918. 



CROYDON COUNTY BOROUGH COUNCIL, 1914-19 51 

MoRLAND, Harold John, M.A. 
(1912-19). 9, 10, 12. 

Moss, Henry Vincent. 
(1899-1918). 

MUGGERIDGE, HeNRY ThOMAS. 

(1911- ). 5, 9. 

Sons who served — Lt. Harry Douglas Muggeridge, ist 
Leicesters. 3 Times wounded in France, and is now lame. 
i/A.M., Stanley William Muggeridge, R.A.F., 2J years 
in Egypt. 

Musselwhite, Miss Clara. 
(1919- ). 6, 16. 

Oliver, Douglas William. 
(1919- ). 13. 
Special Constable, Sanderstead and Croydon. 

Son who served — a/Lt. D. C. M. Oliver, R.W. Kent Regt. 
Was pris. of war for 11 months. 

Peck, Joseph, J. P. 
(1889-1916). 

Peck, Stanley. 

(1916-18). 9, 13. 

Peet, William, F.C.A. 

(1911- ). 2, 3, 4, II, 12, IS, 16. 

Pelton, John Ollis, J.P. 
(1905- ). 5, 14- 
1/12 Surrey Vol. Regt., and i Vol. Btn., The Queen's. 

Daughter who served — Dorothy G. (Mrs. S. Dickins). 
Purley War Hospital 1915-1917 ; Canteen work, etc., with 
Y.M.C.A., Le Havre, May, I9i7-Feb., 1919. 

Peters, Arthur, C.B.E., J.P. 

(1916- ). 5, 9, ir, 13. 

Also Secretary Parliamentary Recruiting Committee, and Sec- 
retary, National War Aims Committee. 

PiCKFORD, William James. 
(1915-18). 4. 

PoRRiTT, Thomas Herbert. 

(1912- ). Special Constable. 

Read, Sidney Augustus, J.P. 
(1907- ). 5, 9, 15. 

Robarts, William Brown. 
(1901- ). 5, 6. 

Roberts, Thomas William Wood. 
(1908- ). 2, 10, II, 16. 

Hon. Naval Recruiting Officer, Croydon Sc District. Special 
Constable. Voluntary Fireman, Croydon & London. 

Son who served — Lt. John Wood Roberts, R.M.L.L, of 
H.M.S. " Ajax," H.M.S. " Curlew," H.M.S. " Curacoa," 
H.M.S. " Canterbury," H.M.S. " Dunedin." 

Robinson, George. 

(1919- ). 13. 

Roden. Samuel. 

^1919- ). * 



52 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

Savory, Guy. 

(1916-19). 14. 

Skinner, Alexander Bowie. 

(1919- ). 

Smith, Arthur. 

(1Q17- )• 

National Guard (London Volunteers), 

Sons who served — Arthur Douglas Smith, R.A.S.C. 
James Donald Smith, local service and transport. 

Smith, William Vincent, J.P. 

(1903-06 ; 1908- ). 2, 12, 14. 

Sons who served — Sergt. Maj. V. V. Smith, R.A.M.C. ; 
France, Sept., 1914-Feb., 1919. 

Sapper F. Sutton Smith ; Egypt and Palestine (light rail- 
ways), June, i9is-Feb., 1919. 

Squire, Mrs. Margaret. 
(1919- ). 16. 

Was temporary nurse at " Wallacefield " Convalescent Hospital, 
Croydon, and at Charing Cross Hospital. 

Stapleton, William George. 
(1897- ). 13. 

Sons who served — Sergt. Donald Young (Stepson), 18th 
Cameron Grenadiers ; killed at capture of Vimy Ridge, 
Easter, 1917. 

Lt. Maurice R. Stapleton, Rifle Brigade ; was wounded 
and gassed ; also served in Army of Occupation, Germany. 

Stevens, Leonard. 

(1909-11 ; 1913-15). 

STEVENSON JAMES. 

(1913- ). I, 4, 6, 14, 16. 
Served as Captain, R.A.S.C. 

Daughter who served in Land Army — Marianne North 
Stevenson. 

Stubbs, William John. 

(1914-19). II, 16. 

Taylor, James Ernest. 
(1919- ). 5. 

Appointed, before election to Council, to Food Control Com- 
mittee, Feb., 1918. 

Son who served — Walter Edward Taylor, R.N, Wrecked 

in H.M.S. " Argyle," fought in Battle of Jutland in H.M.S. 

" Princess Royal " ; served in H.M.S. Vindictive " at 

Zeebrugge, and was badly wounded. 

Thomson, Alexander Augustus. 
(1912- ). 13, 16, 

Thornberry, Robert Eustace Clark. 
(1916-19). 9, 13, 

Turtle, Louis Henry, 
(1913-17), 6, 

Son who served — Rifleman Clifford L, Turtle, 1st 
Queen's Westminster Rifles ; fell on the Somme, loth 
Sept., 1916. 




Councillor Percival George Allen Cosedge 
East Surrey Regt. (Died on active service in France i6th Dec, 1914) 



14 




J'hotu l,y »;. \V. Laurie S: C< 

Councillor Captain John Cyril Crowley, M.A. 
i/4th Queen's (Killed in action in Mesopotamia, nth Sept. 1916) 



CROYDON COUNTY BOROUGH COUNCIL, 1914-19 53 

Umney. Herbert Williams. 
(1909-15). 2. 

Wag DIN, Harry Frederick. 
(1918-19). 

Son who served — Pte. S. F. Wagdin, Queen's Westminster 
Rifles. 

West, William. 

(1899- ). 5, 10. 

Special Constable. 

Sons who served — 2/Lt. William West, 9th Sherwood 
Foresters. Fell, Suvla, Gallipoli, Aug., 1915. 
Lt. Cyril G. West, R.N., of H.M.S. ' Princess Royal," 
H.M.S. " Weymouth," H.M.S. " Agamemnon," and 
H.M.S. " Monarch." Was in the Battle of Jutland. 

WORLLEDGE, Col. JOHN FrANKLIN. 

(1916- ). 3, 6, 15. 

Sons who served — Capt. F. H. Worlledge, 26th Indian 

Cavalry (King George's Own). 

Lt. J. F. E. Worlledge, Sussex Regt. 

Lt. L. H. Worlledge, R.N.D., and 121st Indian Pioneers. 

Wounded at Gallipoli, July, 1915. 







Officers of the County Borough 
R. Veitch Clark, M.A., M.B., Ch.B., B.Sc, D.P.H. : Medical Officer of Health 
William Gunner : Borough Treasurer 
James Harold McCall, F.S.A.A. : Borough Accountant 
James Smyth : Clerk to the Education Committee 



i6 







Officers of the County Borough 
Edward F. Morgan : Borough Road Surveyor 
Thomas Boyce Goodyer, O.B.E., A.I.E.E. : Tramways Manager 
Samuel Jacobs : Assistant Town Clerk 
Albert C. Gower : Chief Clerk, Town Clerk's Departm2nt 



Part Two 
THE MILITARY RECORD 



I. Before the Great War 

Surrey, happily, has been spared the havoc of war more 
than almost any other County, and Croydon — which has only 
recently taken the first place in Surrey towns — may be said to 
have been totally immune from this scourge until our own day. 
Even Julius Caesar though he crossed Surrey did not come our 
way ; and William the Conqueror also left us alone. Never- 
theless there are a few introductory facts we may with advantage 
remember. 

In 1264 a large body of Londoners forming part of the 
force of Earl Simon de Montfort, in arms against King Henry III, 
and flying from Prince Edward's attack at the Battle of Lewes, 
were stopped by Royalists at Croydon and severely handled. 
And in Elizabethan times Haling House and Haling Park formed 
the residence, from 1592 to his death in 1624, of the victor 
over the Armada, Lord Howard of Effingham, who (with the aid 
of the terrific tempest which followed his victory) delivered 
England in 1588 from the most terrible danger she ever ran 
until the Great War we are now dealing with. 

Other men of military distinction, especially in the times of 
the Peninsular War, were Croydon men or lived in Croydon ; 
men of whom an example was Sir Francis Bond Head, K.C.B., 
who fought not only in the Peninsular but in the Waterloo 
campaign, and who had the honour of quelling an insurrection 
in Canada in 1830. His house (Duppas Hall, Duppas Hill) still 
stands, much as he left it. And in Head's time the fear of an 
invasion by Napoleon caused Croydon to raise volunteers, horse 
and foot. The barracks — still existing in the Mitcham Road 
from the times of Revolutionary France (1794) — -served as a 
station for cavalry during the preparation of troops for foreign 
service ; and later became the depot and headquarters of the 
Royal Wagon Train (now Army Service Corps.) The band 
attached to this unit was a fine one ; it happened to contain 
some negro bandsmen — a fact perpetuated in the signs of two of 
the neighbouring public houses, the " Black Boy " and the " Six 
Bells." The latter refers to a musical instrument then in 
military favour, and used in the band. 



58 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

Fifty years later, in Crimean War times, recruits for the 
Grenadier, Coldstream and Fusilier Guards were drilled at 
Croydon Barracks. 

But Croydon's chief connection with the military history of 
the country is derived from its possession of Addiscombe College, 
where officers for the Army of the East India Company were 
trained. A shortage of officers for the Company's service in 
India, who at that time were educated with the regular officers 
of the Crown, at Woolwich, determined the Hon. East India 
Company to create a Military Academy of their own. In 1808 
Charles Jenkinson, Earl of Liverpool and Prime Minister of 
England, died at Addiscombe Place, Croydon — and in 1809 the 
house and park were purchased by the Company, and adapted to 
the uses of a Military College. The Company continued to train 
officers for the Indian Army till 1861 ; the Indian Empire having 
been taken over by Queen Victoria in 1859. Numerous pictures 
and accurate maps of the College and its subordinate buildings 
exist in the Croydon Library, as well as excellent histories of its 
career. It is sufficient here to mention that the house stood 
between Upper and Lower Addiscombe Roads, about 150 yards 
from the present Ashburton Road ; and that the park filled this 
space, the present Canning Road being a little within its western 
boundary. The College was pulled down in 1861. 

The College had a distinguished career during its half 
century of existence. To its training we owe many fine men. 
For example General Cotton, the great master of irrigation and 
inland navigation in India, and the first engineer to bridge a 
great Indian river (the Godavery, four miles wide) was trained 
here. The great Sir Henry Lawrence, of the defence of Lucknow, 
and of greater though more silent achievements in Indian 
administration, was an Addiscombe man. So were Lord Napier 
of Magdala, and Pottinger of Herat, and Jacob of Jacob's Horse 
(after whom the town of Jacobabad in Scinde is named), and 
Patrick Stewart the pioneer of field telegraphy, etc., etc. And 
closest to us, because he was the first honorary freeman of the 
borough of Croydon, was Frederick, Lord Roberts, who won his 
V.C. in the Mutiny struggles, and who claims world-famous 
victories at Cabul and Candahar, and above all in South Africa. 
Lord Roberts said once of the men from his old College, " They 
were not only soldiers but administrators, who throughout their 
glorious careers did their duty with that singleness of heart and 
honesty of purpose for which the Anglo Indian official is so 
justly conspicuous, and which have gained for Englishmen the 
respect and confidence of the people of India." 




o 



w 



II. "The Queen's." 

" The Queen's " is Croydon's Regiment. It has a very 
distinguished history, and is the oldest English Infantry Regiment 
of the line ; ranking as " The Second of the Line " in the old 
numbering. 

One Scottish regiment, " The Royal Scots," precedes it 
as " The First " of the Line, and this claims to be the oldest 
regiment in existence — as may well be, if its nickname has the 
slightest foundation, for it is called familiarly " Pontius Pilate's 
Body Guard," on the strength of the tradition that it was on 
duty at the Crucifixion 1 

In 1661 Charles II raised " The Queen's " in the suburbs 
of London (therefore, no doubt, including Croydon men from 
the very first), with many veterans from the armies of the Civil 
War ; his purpose being to garrison Tangier, which was part of 
the dowry of his Queen, Catherine of Braganza. Hence comes 
the name of the regiment, and hence its " honour," the oldest 
battle-honour in the British Army, " Tangier 1662-1680," 
awarded it after many years' desultory fighting with the Moors : 
and hence also the Regimental Badge, the Paschal Lamb, then 
and now a part of the Arms of the Royal House of Portugal, 
Almost but not quite unique is another distinction of " The 
Queen's," a naval crown, borne on the colours to commemorate 
an engagement at sea (1794) wherein this great regiment took 
part. 

In 1857, because of the needs of the Indian Empire, the 
second battalion of the Regiment, called therefore the " Second 
Queen's," came into existence, and in 1881 the " Third Queen's " 
was made out of the Surrey Militia : and the three battalions of 
the Second Regiment of foot (" Queen's Royals ") now became 
" The Queen's Royal West Surrey Regiment." 

The achievements of " The Queen's " in Africa, Asia and 
Europe would take too long to narrate here, but we cannot help 
recalling the fact that the great Duke of Marlborough began his 
career in " The Queen's." 

And we must remember that many Croydon men enlisted 
during the Great War in the three " regular " battalions of 
" The Queen's," or were conscripted into its ranks. Col. Rolls 
has kindly told us of the many men of our town serving in " The 
Queen's " in the regular army in France, his own " batman " 
for instance being a Croydon man. And to show the prestige 



6o CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

of this splendid regiment we may add a fact also kindly mentioned 
by Col. Rolls, that when he was sent to England in 1918 " for 
a rest," his " rest " included the training of raw levies of con- 
scripts at Tunbridge Wells, in what was then called the " Fourth 
Reserve of The Queen's," and the success of their training 
(as well as over-pressure elsewhere) induced the War Office also 
to send levies from other parts of England to this centre. 
Amongst them came a company of recruits to the " Sherwood 
Foresters " (itself a very famous regiment) : and so proud were 
these men of their association with " The Queen's " that the 
whole 200 of them successfully petitioned the War Office to be 
transferred to " The Queen's," which was then sending out a 
large detachment to the 2/4th Queen's in France, saying in blunt 
language " We've trained together and we want to fight 
together." This is believed to be an almost unique incident. 

What we have hitherto been speaking of (except as to the 
" Fourth Reserve " mentioned above) are the three regular 
battalions of the Queen's : known as the First Queen's, the 
Second Queen's, and the Third Queen's, dating respectively from 
1661, 1857, and 1881, and we now pass to the Fourth Queen's, 
an exclusively Croydon force. 



19 





I'lioto by Lewi 

Alderman Sir Frederick Thomas Edridge, D.L., J. P. 

Hon. Colonel, Fourth Queen's 

(Mayor 1890-92, 1894-96, 1902) 

Hon. Freeman of the Borough 



III. The Fourth Queen's 

On the re-planning of the Army in 1881 the old numbering 
of the regiments was abandoned : and the Second Regiment of 
Foot," The Queen's," as mentioned above, became the Royal West 
Surrey Regiment, with head quarters at Guildford, and having 
as its special recruiting district all the South of Surrey, including 
Croydon. The rest of the county, exclusive of London, was 
assigned to the East Surrey Regiment, with head quarters at 
Kingston. 

[In March, 1916, owing to the unwieldy nature of the 
district, it was found advisable to place Croydon for recruiting 
purposes under Kingston, and therefore in the East Surrey 
Regimental recruiting area ; other parts of Surrey being at the 
same time changed over to the Guildford recruiting area.] 

Each regiment of the army, under this new plan, had three 
regular battalions exclusive of the Territorial battalions ; thus 
the ist and 2nd Queen's (ist and 2nd battalions of "The Queen's") 
were regulars of the long familiar type, the 3rd Queen's were 
formed from the old Militia, at first under the name of Special 
Reserve, the 4th Queen's were the Territorial battalion of Croydon 
and the 5th Queen's were the Territorial battalion of Guildford. 

These Territorial battalions originated from the Rifle 
Volunteers, who came into being just before the Crimean War, 
and enrolled themselves into a home-defence body under the 
well-remembered motto " Defence not Defiance." (It is 
whimsical now to remember that the very nation — France — a 
scare against whom had called these Riflemen into being, turned 
into our warmly welcomed ally in the Crimean War, almost as 
soon as the Rifle Volunteers had become an organised force). 
In 1871 the War Office obtained control of these Riflemen, and 
in 1881 added them, under the new army plan above described, 
to the various County Regiments as " Territorial battalions for 
Home Service only." The Croydon Rifle Volunteers therefore 
became (as above said) " The Royal West Surrey Regiment, the 
Fourth Queen's, (Territorial Battalion)." Similarly the Guild- 
ford Rifle Volunteers became the " Fifth Queen's, (Territorial 
Battalion)." 

The 4th Queen's at the outbreak of war numbered about 
600 men, under the Hon. Colonelcy of Sir Frederick T. Edridge, 
D.L., the acting commander being Lieutenant-Colonel Norman 
Cutler. They formed part of the Home Counties Territorial 



62 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

Division, at that moment in training on Salisbury Plain, and 
were earning good opinions for their excellent discipline and 
marching powers ; moreover, they were all in the most eager 
anticipation of orders to mobilise, as it grew daily more evident 
that war was coming. At last, on Monday, 3rd August, the 
Camp began to break up in preparation for the expected immediate 
mobilisation ; and next day the 4th Queen's entrained at 4.30 a.m. 
and after a very uncomfortable journey reached Croydon late the 
same night, of course not knowing as yet, of the declaration of 
war which had just taken place. " The train was unlighted " 
says " L.G.D." in The Braganza (the Magazine published by 
the I /4th Queen's) " and the carriage in which I travelled 
apparently had a wheel with a flat side.'' An official order met 
them in Croydon naming the morrow, Wednesday, 5th August, 
as the first day of mobilisation. 

" That Wednesday (5th August) was a day to remember. 
It rained most of the morning, and wives and families were let 
into the barracks. I have vivid recollections of trying to take 
inventories of kit, fill up allotment forms, and issue identity 
discs, sitting on the floor of the drill hall, with a crowd of 
damp men, women and children all round me," continues 
" L.G.D." (Major Dibdin) in The Braganza. 

Mobilisation, it should be noted, has to be organised long 
before any mobilisation order is received. Colonel Cutler had 
made his preparations trv^o years before any war was thought of. 
All the principal tradesmen in Croydon therefore were prepared 
to supplv various articles immediately they were ordered. So 
that when War against Germany was declared and mobilisation 
decreed, on that very day (5th August) Colonel Cutler was able 
to send round the Quarter-Master to all the tradesmen, and 
instantly supplies began to arrive at the Mitcham Road Barracks 
Head Quarters. 

So that actually on the very day it was mobilised the Fourth 
Queen's left Croydon for Strood : certainly a smart piece of 
work, 

" Arriving about 7.30 '" (says L.G.D.) " we marched to a 
public recreation ground, blankets were issued, and policemen 
allotted to the companies as guides to the particular streets for 
billeting. That night was probably the first time for many years 
that the English householder, other than the licensed victualler, 
was compelled to put up troops. It was with a certain amount 
of doubt that I knocked at the first door. But I found that 
evening, and indeed throughout the whole three months that the 
battalion was in billets, very few people who were not prepared 
to put up gladly with the necessary inconvenience. On the 



THE FOURTH QUEEN'S 63 

other hand the men made themselves useful, and gave as little 
trouble as possible." Some days later, (we pass over some 
amusing contests on the part of L.G.D. to get back certain 
buildings suitable for military purposes from the various well 
meaning voluntary organisations which had already annexed 
them) " the regimental transport which we had left behind at 
Croydon arrived, having travelled by road. I did not envy the 
Transport Officer. He had 57 newly collected and impressed 
horses, and a miscellaneous collection of brewer's drays, 
corporation water carts and tip- wagons, driven by a variety of 
men with no knowledge of horses." To start from nothing in 
this way, meant, as these extracts show, the expenditure of much 
labour and infinite resource ; but when, after a fortnight at 
Maidstone, the Fourth Queen's arrived at Canterbury it was 
already a coherent and well organised body. 

So much so, that at the end of September (training of course 
having vigorously proceeded all the time) Colonel Cutler received 
a telegram from the War Office asking if the battalion would 
volunteer for service abroad. Each Company officer read this 
telegram to his Company and invited men to give in their names 
if they chose. There was not the slightest compulsion, not 
even persuasion, used ; but the gratifying result was that, with 
a very few (quite legitimate) exceptions the whole battalion 
volunteered with cheers and much enthusiasm ; expecting of 
course immediately to be sent to the front to aid in demolishing 
the " Boches." But about a week later, with deep chagrin, the 
battalion received the order to proceed to India. No doubt this 
was in a military sense the proper thing to do, as the Fourth 
Queen's would set free in India well-seasoned troops of the line, 
whose presence helped to stop the first rush of the Germans on 
Paris, and so to save the Allies from disaster ; but the disappoint- 
ment was sharply felt by the men, who had become proud of 
their discipline, and knew themselves fully equal to facing the 
enemy. That they were not far wrong is proved by the actual 
behaviour in the field of other Territorial battalions on the French 
' front shortly afterwards. But while '* the air went blue for 
miles " as the men themselves said, they " groused, and carried 
on," to use another of their phrases, and the unwelcome orders 
were loyally obeyed. All honour to them : for they had trained 
hard in peace time towards this very opportunity, and in their 
long Indian exile it must have been galling to hear of their 
and line battalions serving on the diff"erent fronts while they had 
perforce to remain largely inactive. The Croydon men were 
reviewed by the King, at Canterbury, with the Home Counties 
Division (of which they formed part). His Majesty wished them 
" God Speed " and pointed out to them the important duty 
they were about to undertake in India. 



64 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

The men who were unable to go to India and who remained 
in England came to be called the 2nd battalion of the Fourth 
Queen's, and received and trained the reinforcements which 
poured in. Those who had gone to India became known as 
the I St battalion of the Fourth Queen's, or shortly the " i/4th 
Queen's " , and when the 2/4th volunteered for service abroad 
later on and were sent to Gallipoli, those who (for good reasons 
which all acknowledged as legitimate) were unable to leave 
England, became eventually in like manner the 3/4th Queen's. 
They too, all who could, presently volunteered in their turn, and 
were sent to France. The remainder permanently left in England, 
we call the 4/4th Queen's, and they served the most useful and 
necessary function of supplying drafts to their comrades actually 
in the field. 

We have therefore now to consider these four battalions 
separately, and widely different were their destinies. 

Beyond the i/4th, 2/4th, 3/4th and 4/4th Queen's we have 
the 19th Queen's, at first called the 69th Provisional Battalion. 
And it may be as well here to mention that after the Fifth Queen's, 
already known in these pages as the Guildford Territorial 
battalion, came the Sixth, Seventh and Eighth Queen's, all three 
of which were battalions of " Kitchener's men." 

Then, outside the organisation of the Queen's altogether, 
Croydon produced a corps of Volunteers, arising out of the 
Volunteer Training Corps, an entirely new body formed during 
the progress of the War : who in course of time were linked up, 
and then became the " ist Volunteer Battalion of the Queen's." 

And as well as the infantry forces above named, Croydon 
provided its quota of mounted men. We shall have chapters 
on the Croydon Squadron of the Surrey Yeomanry (Queen 
Mary's Regiment) ; and on the S.E. Mounted Brigade Trans- 
port and Supply Column, A.S.C. 

Next we have the Croydon Army Veterans, a force originating* 
from an idea of Lord Roberts' in 1910, and ultimately known 
as the " First Battalion, Surrey (Croydon) National Reserve." 

And finally, since we must not neglect the opposite extreme, 
we will have some concluding notes on the Boy Scouts of Croydon. 

The careers of all these we now proceed to trace, and of 
course begin with the i/4th Queen's. 



21 





so 

2< 



o 



o 



IV. The I /4th Queen's 

The I /4th Queen's sailed from Southampton, 800 stron£^, on 
26th October, 1QT4, in the " Grantully Castle." At Suez the 
battalion was held Tip for some time because trouble with the 
Turks was threatening, and the i/4th Queen's fully expected to 
have to defend the Suez Canal. This alarm presently subsiding, 
the battalion proceeded, and arrived at Bombay, 2nd December, 
1914. 

From Bombay the Queen's went by train to Secunderabad, 
and when they marched into those cantonments their discipline 
and general bearing were held by onlookers to compare favourably 
with those of the regular troops, bound for France, whom they 
were relieving. After a month at Secunderabad they went on 
to Lucknow, where they stayed for twelve months almost to a 
day. While the battalion was at Lucknow they sent a draft to 
Mesopotamia (to the 2nd Norfolks) ; and several Croydon men 
in this draft served afterwards in Kut. Colonel Cutler had fallen 
ill on arrival at Bombay and had been sent home to England, 
Major Roper taking command of the i/4th Queen's meanwhile ; 
fortunately Colonel Cutler was able to return to the battalion 
and to resume command just before it left Lucknow for 
Peshawar early in 1916. At Peshawar the whole battalion was 
actually mobilised for the Mesopotamian campaign, and some 
officers and men had started before the order was cancelled. 
Between Peshawar and Nowshera and Chcrat the i/4th Queen's 
spent 17 months. Captain J. C. Crowley (an ex-Councillor of 
Croydon) left Nowshera, (and Lieut. E. L. Turner went with 
him) on 25th July, 1916, to join the Fifth Queen's (the Guildford 
battalion) at Nasariyah on the Euphrates, in the Mesopotamia 
campaign. Capt. Crowley took command of a Machine Gun 
Company with one British (Fifth Queen's), and two native, 
sections. For ten years Captain Crowley had refused promotion 
in order to remain in command of the Machine Guns of the 
Fourth Queen's ; and at last his eager desire to take them into 
action was achieved . His Mesopotamian work alternated between 
periods of standing camp and raids on native insurgent villages. 
Such a raid had to be undertaken on nth September, 1916, 
Captain Crowley's duty being to cover the retirement of the rear 
guard after the raid was over. The native method is to offer 
no resistance to the attack, but persistently to assail the troops 
on the retirement ; the rear guard is therefore a post of incessant 
danger and responsibility. Captain Crowley, in what was 
admitted to be a fine covering movement, was shot and died 



66 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

almost immediately. His loss was felt deeply. He was the first 
officer of the old Fourth Queen's to fall in battle. Altogether 
8 officers and 65 non-commissioned officers and men went from 
the I /4th Queen's to Mesopotamia. 

There is always trouble in the stormy regions of extreme 
N.W. India, and in sending the i/4th Queen's there the object 
of the authorities was to train them in hill-warfare and frontier 
fighting. In fact at this very time the Mohmands rose, and had 
to be firmly held with a line of wire entanglements and block- 
houses for nine months on end ; and four months of this weary 
work fell to the lot of the i/4th Queen's to carry through, including 
the actual construction of one section of the block-houses. 

Leaving Nowshera on 19th March, 1917, the battalion was 
ordered to Lahore for a month. The Mahsuds then rose, and 
the i/4th Queen's were ordered to Waziristan in May. Here 
grave ill-health overtook them, especially a bad outbreak of 
malaria and sand-fly fever, etc., and at the worst time only 130 
men out of 800 were fit for duty ; so that perforce the battalion 
had to be sent to the hills at Jiitogh and Dagshai, near Simla, 
to recuperate. This was in the middle of June, 1917. It ought 
here to be added that some of the officers had the good fortune 
to be accompanied by their wives ; since, when it became 
certain that the i/4th Queen's would be detained in India for a 
very long time, permission was given freely for the wives to 
come out. Whilst the i/4th Queen's were in the hills Colonel 
Cutler's 8 years of command (the utmost limit allowed) came to 
an end, and he accepted an independent command at Wellington, 
near Ootacamund, on leaving the battalion. 

On Colonel Cutler's retirement, i8th January, 1918, Major 
Harold R. Atkins succeeded to the command, being now the 
senior Major, since Major Roper and Captains Hooker, Fearon 
and D. R. Potter had been sent to Egypt in September, 1917, to 
complete the establishment of the 2/4th Queen's, then in that 
part of the world and finding themselves short of trained 
officers ; they were getting ready, in fact, under their new 
Commander-in-Chief, General Allenby, for the splendid advance 
on Palestine across the desert. 

In mid-January, 1918, one Company of the i/4th Queen's 
was sent to garrison Fort Lahore ; and towards the end of the 
month four drafts arrived from England, 130 men in all. In the 
middle of March, 191 8, Headquarters and 3 companies went 
into camp at Lahore cantonment in bad weather (exceptional at 
that time of year) ; so bad, indeed, that they were swamped in 
their tents. At the end of March the battalion proceeded to 
Dalhousie and elsewhere in the hills, for the hot weather, and the 



THE 1/4TH QUEEN'S 67 

whole battalion went under canvas at the end of October, 1918, 
at Ferozepore. Here, on two occasions, the camp was flooded 
out to a depth of six inches, and when the water had drained off, 
the damp ground quickly provided a plague of white ants, as 
usual. The depredations of these creatures are almost beyond 
belief : their predilection being for the destruction of leather or 
wood. To give an instance : the Colonel imprudently left his 
suit case on the ground when turning in for the night. In the 
morning the bottom was eaten away, and only by ingenious 
contrivances could the suit case be made of use. 

The telegram announcing the Armistice reached the battalion 
about 8 p.m. (Indian time is about five hours later than Greenwich 
time), on the nth November, 1918, but was not at first thoroughly 
realised, as many false rumours had been already circulated. 

Excepting for a ten days' holiday in November, sanctioned 
by the Indian Government to celebrate the Armistice, the 
battalion was engaged at this time in intensive training ; but 
the questions of the rank and file as to what new war they were 
being so mercilessly trained for never received a satisfactory 
answer. 

The fact remains that the training at Ferozepore, ajter the 
Armistice, was as severe as at any other time in the battalion's 
Indian sojourn This intensive training happily came to an end 
in the middle of January, 1919, for the battalion was then engaged 
in competing in Divisional and other sports. In April, 1919, 
the battalion took part in quelling the Punjab disturbances which 
had arisen on account of the Rowlatt Bill, much disliked and 
feared by the native Indian peoples, although as a matter of fact 
the majority knew nothing of its provisions. India is much at 
the mercy of the half-educated agitator, and anything new, 
simply because it is new, often breeds trouble. The trouble in 
this case suddenly began in Kasur when a railway train was held 
up and the European passengers savagely assaulted, two being 
killed by stones thrown. By the time Colonel Atkins arrived 
from Ferozepore, at 2.30 p.m., with some Lewis guns in motor 
cars, Kasur had completely returned to rest. The dismantled 
station, however, and the dead bodies of the English soldiers 
(two warrant officers) and the group of frightened women and 
children who had taken refuge in the police station, gave proof 
of the severe hand-to-hand fighting which had taken place earlier 
m the day. 

From this time onwards, Amritsar was a stoim centre ; and 
the country all around it was very disturbed, until about the end 
of May. And while these lines are in press, January, 1920, 



68 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

Amritsar is justifying its evil reputation for disorder. The 
battalion had various parties serving on armoured trains, and 
detachments in different parts of the district, keeping order. In 
the middle of April, 1919, the battalion moved to the fine Welling- 
ton Barracks at JuUundur. The i/4th Queen's hoped that now 
at last they v^ere nearing the call home, and in this belief enjoyed 
their comfortable roomy barracks, a v^^elcome change from the 
incessant camps or crowded quarters. But it was not to be. 
On loth May the battalion was ordered on field service to 
Peshawar, to take part in the Third Afghan War„ Instead of 
marching straight up the Khyber to the actual scene of the 
fighting, the i/4th Queen's had the unpleasant duty of guarding 
Peshawar city itself; a seething mass of discontent, which might 
result in an outbreak at any moment. Guards of the i/4th 
Queen's were placed on all the gates, and in the bazaars and other 
dangerous places. The filth and discomfort of these quarters 
in Peshawar city can scarcely be described ; every sense was 
assailed in the vilest way. Those quartered outside the walls 
m barracks and cantonments were looked upon with envy by 
their comrades. As usual, the arrival of the Queen's brought 
order and peace (as order and peace are understood in India), 
and the place quieted down so that no one would have dreamt 
that serious war was in progress only 30 miles away. By the end 
of May, 1919, the battalion proceeded to Chitral barracks, 
Nowshera, thirty miles from Peshawar in an easterly direction , 
an uninteresting hot cantonment. The Queen's were sorry to 
reach it again, having had quite enough of it two years before. 
One company was sent to garrison the Aerodrome at Risalpur. 

Nowshera became the headquarters of the i6th (Indian) 
Division, and in consequence was overcrowded, and more 
uncomfortable than ever. After the close of the Afghan War the 
battalion returned to Peshawar on loth September and took over 
garrison duty ; remaining under canvas until October. They 
then returned to Jullundur under orders to prepare for de- 
mobilisation, and an early departure for England. On i8th 
October they embarked on the " Konigin Luise " (one of the 
German Hamburg- Amerika liners handed over after the Armis- 
tice), and arrived at Devonport on 12th November, reaching 
Crowborough, 14th November. They were warmly welcomed 
in Croydon on T5th November ; but though the welcome was 
warm, the weather was bitter, and Colonel Atkins publicly 
assured the Mayor (Councillor C. Heath Clark) that he " had 
never been colder in his life," by way of excuse for not making a 
speech, as he followed the two colours of the battalion to their 
home in the Town Hall. 

The I /4th Queen's had the reputation of being the smartest 
Territorial battalion in the Northern Command of India, and 



23 




Photo by B. VV. P'isk-Moore 

Colonel Norman Edward Cutler, i/4th Queen's 



24 




I'hoto by Lewis 
Lieut. -Colonel S. D. Roper, i/4th Queen's and 2/4th Queen's 



THE 1/4TH QUEEN'S 69 

the report of the Inspector-General of Infantry (of that Command) 
bears this out. And it must be borne in mind under what 
conditions this smartness was maintained. During the hot 
weather, which lasts from about March to October, reveille is at 
5.30 a.m., and all outdoor work ceases at 9.30 a.m. Men are 
not allowed out of barracks between 9.30 and 5.30. In these 
hours of enforced inaction the men exist as best they can ; the 
lazily swinging punkah, or overhead fan, merely moves to and 
fro the vitiated atmosphere, and the sweat pours off the bodies 
even of those absolutely motionless. Even at 6.30, if a game of 
footer or hockey is started, it has to be kept very short. At the 
same time during the active operations mentioned above, the 
heat has to be ignored : the fighting being carried out in a 
treeless, waterless country, surely amongst the most inhospitable 
regions of the world. In the cold weather (November to Febru- 
ary) all energies are directed to collective training after reveille 
(which is about 6.30 a.m.) and night operations are frequently 
carried out. 



V. The 2/4th Queen's 

This was formed as a composite battalion of 2/4th (Croydon) 
Queen's men with 2/5th (Guildford) Queen's men added, at 
Windsor, on 24th April, 1915, under General Marriott, D.S.O. 
The unit was entirely composed of men who had volunteered 
for foreign service. It was trained first at Cambridge, afterwards 
at Bedford ; and sailed for Gallipoli on the " Ulysses," on 17th 
July, 191 5, about 1,000 strong, under the command of Colonel 
F. D. Watney, T.D., who had already been in command of the 
old Fourth Queen's some years before. Captain and Adjutant 
P. C. Duncan, M.C. (whose father. Dr. P. T. Duncan, is the 
doyen of Croydon doctors), served with the battalion from 
Gallipoli until it was disbanded, and was Adjutant for three 
years of this time ; but there were many changes in the Colonelcy, 
as will be seen. 

At Alexandria " first reinforcements " were left behind ; 
which showed that the battalion was intended for immediate 
offensive action ; and indeed on the night of 8th August, 191 5, 
the 2/4th Queen's landed at " C " beach, Suvla Bay, and the 
following morning were in the thick of things in the Gallipoli 
peninsula. No definite offensive action was taken by the battalion 
after the original attack in August, but there was much desultory 
fighting, and very hard work in the trenches. The battalion 
served throughout the campaign and evacuated the Peninsula 
on 13th December, 1915. But the continual wear of the war is 
shown in the fact that of the 1,000 men of the 2/4th Queen's who 
landed on 8th Angus c at Suvla, even after reinforcements had been 
sent them, only about 200 re-embarked on 13th December. 
Wounds, hea\y sick wastage, etc., unite with acturd losses by 
death to make up the remainder. 

A terrible blizzard of a duration and intensity beyond the 
experience of any living British soldier began on the 26th Novem- 
ber, and lasted with increasing fury until the 28th, a time of 
griping cold, heavy thunder, hurricane rain and raging wind. 
" The water," says John Masefield, in his Gallipoli, one of the 
most vivid accounts of that expedition, " poured down into the 
trenches as though it were a tidal wave. It came in with a rush, 
with a head upon it like the tide advancing, so quickly that men 
were one minute dry and the next moment drowned at their 
posts. They were caught so suddenly that those who escaped 
had to leap from their trenches for dear life, leaving coats, 
haversacks, food, and sometimes even their rifles, behind them. 
The gale increased slowly all night ; at dawn it grew colder. 



THE 2/4TH QUEEN'S 71 

and the intensity of the bUzzard reached its heit^ht on the 28th, 
which was known thereafter as ' Frozen-Foot Day.* Men were 
drowned, frozen, and frost-bitten ; and we lost in that one storm 
ten per cent, of the whole Army of Gallipoli." 

General Sir Ian Hamilton had commanded the Gallipoli 
forces at the outset, but it was General Sir John Maxwell who 
commanded the expedition in chief, when he took it from 
Gallipoli to Egypt at the end of 1915. The 2/4th Queen's 
arrived at its lirst camp (near Wardan) in Egypt.on 21st December, 
and here Colonel Watney, who had been invalided, rejoined and 
took up the command. General training and reorganisation after 
the trials of Gallipoli, assimilation of large drafts to complete 
the full strength of the battalion, etc., took some time. The 
command in chief of the expedition passed now to General Sir 
Archibald Murray. On 14th Februar\% 1916, a sudden order 
was issued to proceed to the Fayoum Oasis, where the Senussi 
Arabs had become active. Accordingly a camp was formed at 
El Azab in the Fayoum, and our men were kept on the alert 
night and day. In May however, it became manifest that the 
Turks were preparing to cross the 100 miles of desert which 
divides Palestine from Egypt, with a view of attacking the Suez 
canal ; and the 2/4th Queen's were ordered to Ismailia, the 
central point of the canal, to construct (and then to defend) 
redoubts of great strength, in order to hold or repel the enemy. 

While the battalion was at Gallipoli, in 191 5, the Turks had 
already attacked the Suez Canal, and had been beaten back. 
On this more important second attack it was not till August, 
1916, that the Turkish army arrived at El Kantarah, a ridge 
through which the canal cuts its way, and along which is the 
immemorial way from Egypt to Syria : hence its name, which 
means '* The Bridge." An actual swing-bridge now allows the 
ancient caravan route to pass on its old way, making the bridge 
or connection between Africa and Asia. In spite of the troubles 
of desert travelling the Turkish army was in fine condition on 
arrival, magnificently equipped and organized, thanks to the 
discipline of its German officers and commanders. On 4th 
August the British positions east of El Kantarah were attacked, 
and the long struggle began. The 2/4th Queen's were hurried 
to Hill 40 (which means a hill 40 metres above the datum level, 
say 120 feet, and marked 40, therefore, upon the military contour 
maps — a convenient way of naming the nameless, always adopted 
by the army) ; Hill 40 covering El Kantarah and supporting the 
front line at Romani. The attack was triumphantly repelled. 

Sir Archibald Murray decided that a determined attack was 
the best defence of the Canal, and therefore ordered an advance 



72 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

across the Sinai desert to be attempted. The 2/4th Queen s 
were commanded by Colonel Watson, D.S.O., (of the King's 
Royal Rifles), since Colonel Watney had been ordered to England 
on account of ill health. 

By 2nd December our battalion was at Bir el Abd (south of 
Lake Sirbonis, whose northern margin here forms the Mediter- 
ranean shore) and relieved the 2nd Highland Light Infantry in 
outpost duty ; and here Colonel Watson had to go into Hospital, 
and Colonel Wilkins of " The Queen's '' shortly afterwards took 
command of the 2/4th Queen's, El Arish, which is practically 
the end of the desert, was reached by the beginning of February, 
191 7, aad a welcome halt of three weeks was made. On 23rd 
February the 2/4th Queen's were gladdened by the sight of trees 
and grass once more at Sheik Zowaiid, after the manifold dis- 
comforts of the desert, and moreover they got the good news 
that the retiring enemy was only 15 miles further on. We 
advancing;, and they retiring, the 2/4th Queen's reached Rafa 
on 8th March, and found the Turkish-German forces entrenched 
behind barbed wire, with many guns, some of them of heavj- 
calibre, all along the line from Gaza to Beersheba. Elaborate 
preparations for attack were made, and the 2/4th Queen's had 
the distinguished honour of being the " spear head " of the 
column in the battle of 27th March. Their objective was a 
network of entrenchments called " The Warren " (so named by 
the airmen on their maps), strongly held by machine guns. 
This apparently impossible position was gallantly stormed and 
taken at the point of the bayonet by the 2/4th Queen's. In 
recognition of their valour the small hill from which the attack 
started is now marked on all military maps as " Queen's Hill." 
The battalion lost about 200 killed and wounded. The dis- 
appointment of the brave fellows at being ordered to retire during 
the night was intense. They had performed a fine action 
successfully, had held the positions, won at such heavy cost, 
against numerous and determined attacks, supported by the most 
deadly fire, all the long day ; and had^ moreover, suffered the 
severity of thirst, as there was no water to be obtained. But 
since the whole army had to retire, of course the Queen's had 
to retire with it. 

Gaza now became an entrenched modern fortress, and the 
Eastern front began to take on many of the characters of the 
Western. On 19th April, at the second battle of Gaza, an engage- 
ment as fierce and as disastrous as the first battle, the 2/4th 
Queen's were the liaison battalion between two divisions. The 
summer passed in the routine of constant trench warfare with 
periods of training in reserve ; the 2/4th Queen's still forming a 
liaison battalion between two divisions, but not often actively 
engaged, and therefore without heavy casualties. 



THE 2/4TH QUEEN'S 73 

But in August, General Sir E. H. H. Allenby took over the 
Command-in-Chief, and on 26th August he ordered the 2/4th 
Queen's into a training camp near Beiah, about six miles irom 
Gaza, where they at once entered upon a strenuous course of 
training in preparation for operations on a large scale in the 
autumn. 

And accordingly on October 24th, 1917, the battaUon moved 
forward by night to the Wadi Ghuzzee, about 12 miles S.E of 
Gaza, and thence on the 27th, eastwards, in support of AUenby's 
famous cavalry, who that morning had become heavily engaged 
with a strong enemy reconnaissance in force. Our advancing 
infantry were vigorously shelled with shrapnel, but held firm, 
and the reconnaissance withdrew baffled at dusk. Allenby had 
divided his attack. His 20th Corps (with which were the 2/4th 
Queen's) were directed towards Jerusalem by way of Beersheba, 
Hebron and Bethlehem ; and consisted of three infantry divisions, 
with artillery and cavalry, and with a well equipped powerful 
Camel-Corps. His 21st Corps on the other hand, composed of 
four infantry divisions and a large force of cavalry, were to 
advance by Gaza and Jaffa along the coast and then eastwards 
from Jaffa, along the old Crusaders' route to Jerusalem. The 
battle of Beersheba was won on 31st October, 191 7, by the 20th 
Corps, our 2/4th Queen's holding the left of the attack and not 
being very heavily engaged. At dawn on the ist November they 
passed through Beersheba in pursuit of the enemy, and bivouacked 
eight miles further on. On 3rd November the Queen's again 
led the 53rd Division (of which they formed part) and came in 
touch with the enemy soon after mid-day in a very strong en- 
trenched position on a hill at Khuweilfeh, 15 miles N.N.E. of 
Beersheba. 

The battle of Khuweilfeh, which at once ensued, was a 
brilliant victory and productive of far-reaching results. Again 
the 2/4th Queen's were the " spear-head " of the division, but 
so intense was the enemy's fire, chiefly from machine guns and 
rifles, that it grew dark before he could be thrust out. All next 
day (4th November) the part of the hill eventually won by our 
Croydon men had to be held against incessant fierce attacks. 
The heat was intense, not a drop of water was to be had, and so 
agonizing were the conditions that several of our poor fellows 
lost their reason for the time — and yet they held on grimly. 
Under cover of the night, when darkness fell, the Royal Sussex 
and the Royal Welsh Fusiliers came over from our northern 
flank, and brilliantly rushed the remainder of the hill. For the 
next four days the enemy used all the strength he could gather, 
in incessant efforts to dislodge our 20th Corps. He even sent 
for the Turkish- German reserves supporting Gaza (which the 



74 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

2 1 St Corps was at this time besieging) and flung his famous 
Sturm-truppen, his specially trained, entirely German, " Storm 
troops," against us. His forces rose to five times our strength 
at one time, and still we held our own. Indeed in its way, 
Khuweilfeh was a Verdun, and was of equally disastrous effect 
to the enemy's campaign. For by causing the withdrawal of the 
Reserve and the Storm-troops from Gaza, and part of the two 
German divisions from Aleppo (where they were available as the 
Germans fondly thought, both for Palestine and for Mesopotamia), 
the men of the 20th Corps had rendered possible the fall of Gaza 
before the attack of the 21st Corps, and, as an immediate con- 
sequence, the rapid and picturesque advance which has made 
AUenby known as one of the great captains of history. The 
Commander-in-Chief indeed, in congratulating the 53rd Division, 
expressly mentioned these well known and brilliant results as due 
to their heroic resistance at Khuweilfeh. Croydon has good right 
to be proud of the 2/4th Queen's. 

Finally, on 8th November, 1917, the fall of Gaza and the 
evident danger on his right flank made it ''ncumbent on the 
enemy to retire ; and on the next day (9th November) our men 
could advance beyond the scene of their victory to Ras en Nagb, 
where they held a reserve outpost position till the end of the 
month. 

By this time the 2ist Corps had captured Jaffa, and turning 
eastward were aiming at Jerusalem from the west. On 4th 
December a force (Mott's column) consisting of the 53rd Division, 
(20th Corps), with special artillery and cavalry, was ordered to 
advance up the Beersheba-Hebron- Jerusalem road, the 2/4th 
Queen's forming of course part of that column. They reached 
Hebron by the evening, the enemy retiring. Next day they 
moved on in pursuit, and so on each day, until they came into 
touch with the enemy just outside Bethlehem on the morning 
of Qth December. All this march was in appalling weather, wet 
and bitterly cold, the more trying as following the exposure to 
great heat. One night (8th December) was popularly regarded as 
the worst time experienced by the battalion since the blizzard 
at Suvla ; freezing rain falling in torrents in a high wind, the 
men being in fighting gear without overcoats, and in their drill 
shorts with bare knees, and without any shelter whatever except 
their bivouac sheets, the water rushing down the hill in cataracts. 
After several days' marching in rain, w^ithout possibility of 
change, there is no wonder at the deep impression made on those 
who halted on this 8th December. The Turks at Bethlehem 
relying on our respect for their holy places boldly exposed their 
guns in the neighbourhood of Churches and Mosques. They 
had probably come to know of an absolute order of Generaj 



THE 2/4TH QUEEN'S 75 

Allenby's to " avoid damaging any holy places, in order not to 
prejudice British interests with the natives of the country," who 
regard the Turks, of course, as their conquerors and oppressors. 
The 2/4th Queen's who had been subject to the fire of these 
guns during the half-day, were ordered to attack the hills to the 
south of Bethlehem, between them and the town, about 4 p.m. 
The Turks retired, and the hills were in our hands before dark ; 
so that from the summit our men looked down on Bethlehem 
and across to Jerusalem, and they were the first British forces to 
see their goal, the Holy City, in this war On the next day 
(loth December) the column passed through Bethlehem into 
Jerusalem ; finding there the troops of the 21st Corps, who had 
attacked from the west, and had overnight received the surrender 
of Jerusalem by the Mayor, but without then seeing the town 
itself. 

They had entered Jerusalem early in the day (loth December) 
and the 2/4th Queen's arrived in the dusk. The Turks had 
divided in their retirement, half going by the Nablus road, half 
by the Jericho road. They took up strong positions astride the 
Nablus road three miles north of Jerusalem, and across the 
Jericho road two miles east of Jerusalem. The 2/4th Queen's 
had the honour of guarding all the city gates of Jerusalem and 
other places in the town. On December i8th they took over the 
front position from the Cheshires before White Hill and Ras-es- 
Zamby, the strong positions held by the Turks across the Jericho 
road above referred to. On 21st December the 2/4th Queen's, 
in conjunction with the 2/ioth Middlesex (Duke of Cambridge's 
Own) attacked at the point of the bayonet, and took these two 
hills after severe hand-to-hand fighting. They held them all the 
rest of the day against repeated violent counter-attacks, in which 
entrenching tools, and even bare fists, were freely used by those 
of our men who had for the moment lost their rifles. The hills 
therefore now became part ot the British positions and were held 
through Christmas ; a period of further drenching rain, bitter 
wind, and general discomfort. A determined effort to recover 
Jerusalem about Christmas was confidently expected by the Staft", 
and at 2 a.m. on 27th December this attack came off, north of 
Jerusalem, on an eight-mile front, principally athwart the Nablus 
road. Also a specially violent attack on a smaller scale began 
at dawn on the positions held by the 2/4th Queen's athwart the 
Jericho road, and lasted all day. But in neither case did the 
Turks obtain more than local successes, one of which was the 
recapture of White Hill, by vastly superior numbers, during the 
afternoon. But the general failure of the battle compelled the 
enemy to retire at dark, so as to re-adjust his lines ; and we 
reoccupied our full position before midnight. In these two 



-76 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

fights (21st December and 27th December) the 2/4th Queen's 
lost 14 officers and 315 men, killed and wounded, out of a fighting 
strength of about 700, which is regarded by military men as an 
exceptionally heavy loss. The battalion therefore went into 
reserve, occupying the Russian Hospice on the Mount of Olives 
until the end of the year. 

On I St January, 19 18, another day of torrential rain and wind, 
the battalion marched to Ram-Allah on the Nablus road, about 
six miles from Jerusalem, the Turks having retired, and remained 
in this district till the middle of March, with occasional raids, 
much trench work, etc., but they fought no definite action with 
the exception of the capture of Tel-Asur, the highest hill in 
Palestine, and the adjoining positions. Then they proceeded 
through Jerusalem to Jericho, which had meanwhile fallen, and 
took up positions (again in the first line) in the valley of the 
Jordan opposite to the enemy's entrenchments. 

After repulsing a considerable attack by the Turks in the 
beginning of April, the battalion returned to the Nablus-road 
position and remained there till June, 1918. During this time 
the Turks attacked and occupied the positions at Ide Hill held 
by the 2/4th Queen's, but happily were driven out later in the 
same day. In June the battalion was ordered to France, with 
many other troops, to withstand the great Hun attack which had 
started in the previous March. 

Colonel Wilkins, who had been wounded at Khuweilfeh 
(4th November, 191 7) and sent into Hospital, had been replaced 
at that time by Major Roper, who joined up from the i/4th 
Queen's in India in September, 1917. Major Roper now became 
Colonel of the battalion and remained in command until May, 
when he was ordered to England, and Colonel Hill, D.S.O., of 
the Scots Guards, succeeded him in the command. 

The 2/4th Queen's sailed on the " Malwa " from Alexandria 
in the middle of June, 191 8, and landed at Taranto in the south 
of Italy, after escaping by a very narrow shave a torpedo fired 
from a German submarine 12 miles from port. Here they 
entrained into some cattle trucks, and seven days later, without 
change of carriage, reached Proven in the Ypres salient. The 
first ten days of July were passed in reorganisation, refitting kit, 
and generally getting efficient. From July 14th to August 3rd 
the 2/4th Queen's were sent with the 22nd Corps to assist the 
French in the Soissons area, and took part in this movement 
with great distinction, as is acknowledged by the congratulatory 
letters from the gratified French generals who were in command 
in the battles of Parcy, Tigny, Grand Rozoy and Beugneux. 
Again a heavy price had to be paid for glory, and the battalion 



25 




Photo \)y Kred liieiiiiier 

Lieut. -Colonel Harold R. Atkins, i/4th Queen's 



26 




a 



THE 2/4TH QUEEN'S 77 

sustained about 300 casualties, killed and wounded. The French 
commanders did not confine their appreciation to dispatches, 
but awarded numerous " Croix de Guerre " to the 2/4th, 

Alter 3rd August the battalion returned to the Ypres sector. 
Towards the end of August they again went to the front trenches 
facing Kemmel Hill, On the night of 27th August it became 
evident to our patrols that the Germans had evacuated their 
position, and accordingly we advanced in the early hours of the 
28th, The 2/4th Queen's were the first on the hill, an achieve- 
ment for which Captain Bannerman of Croydon, leading his 
Company, received the Military Cross. From this day to the 
Armistice (nth November, 1918) the battalion was in touch with 
the enemy, in continual pursuit, and was engaged in daily combats 
between Kemmel and Anseghem, the following being the 
principal actions : — Kemmel, the Vierstraat Switch (a line of 
trenches), the Wytschaete ridge (full of huge craters formed by 
mines blown up by ourselves in the well-known previous attack 
on Wytschaete and Messines), Oostaverne, Gheluweh, the Menin 
road, Rolleghem, Belleghem, and Anseghem. 

After the Armistice the battalion marched by daily stages to 
Flawinne near Namur, and remained there till January, 1919. 
They then proceeded across the Rhine to positions of control 
(over civic populations) east of Siegburg, nine miles east of Bonn, 
and remained in Germany till they were disbanded. During this 
period they were employed on control posts in the following 
areas : — Allner, Seelscheid, Wahn, Kalk, Engelskirchen, Ehre- 
shoven, Lindlar, Frankenfurst, Michaelsberg. 

In March, 1919, Field Marshal Lord Plumer (as he is now 
known) presented the battalion on behalf of His Majesty with the 
" King's Colour " — now in our Town Hall ; and in the same 
month Colonel Hill retired from the regiment, being succeeded 
in the command of the 2/4th Queen's by Colonel S. T. Watson, 
D.S.O., of " The Queen's." 

In April, 1919, the " 53rd (Young Soldiers') Battalion " of 
the Queen's came out, as a battalion, 1,000 strong, to Germany, 
and were at once absorbed into the 2/4th Queen's as a dra[t — a 
remarkable case of the tail wagging the dog. The war-worn 
veterans of Gallipoli (of whom only about eight still remained), 
of Egypt and Palestine, and of Flanders and France, were not 
best pleased at their honoured name being assumed by these 
fresh English lads ; and on the other hand to go out as a battalion 
and find yourselves only a draft is not exactly exhilarating ! 

In June, 1919, Colonel Watson being ordered to India, the 
command of the enlarged 2/4th Queen's was given to Colonel 
Wauchope, D.S.O,, of the York and Lancaster Regiment. 



78 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

In October, 1919, in the monastery of Michaelsberg, at 
Siegberg, the battalion was disbanded, and all the men not 
demobilisable were divided as reinforcements between the loth 
and nth (Service) battalions of " The Queen's " ; and at the 
beginning of November, Captain and Adjutant P. C. Duncan, 
M.C., and two sergeants, with the Colour presented from the 
King, as above recorded, were all that remained of the 2/4th 
Queen's. 

Captain Duncan and his two sergeants arrived at Croydon 
the same day as the i/4th Queen's (15th November, 1919) and 
handed over the 2/4th's King's Colour to the Mayor, by whom it 
was placed in the Town Hall with the colours of the i/4th. 

The 2/4th Queen's received the following decorations during 
the War :— Two D.S.O., sixteen M.C., seven D.C.M., and a 
large number of Military Medals and foreign decorations. 



VI. The 3/4th Queen's 

The third battalion of the Fourth Queen's began in the 
remainder of the battalion left at Windsor after the departure of 
the 2/4th Queen's in April, 1915. Colonel U. L. Hooke, of 
Croydon, was appointed to the command ; and it was quickly 
filled out by recruits from Croydon to a battalion of full strength. 
Major L. S. de la Mare was the second in command, and Major 
K. A. Oswald the Adjutant, both Croydon men. 

Progressive training was carried out in Windsor Great Park, 
and the battalion was armed with Japanese rifles, a musketry 
course being fired with them at the Runnymede ranges. 

The only active service duty performed beyond the training 
was the occasional piqueting of the main roads. Upon receiving 
a sudden order an officer with a few men would be despatched 
to each road, and at once blocked the passage with waggons, etc. 
All persons were stopped. Even Staff Officers were held up by 
the awed but faithful subalterns, in spite of strong language ; and 
the tears of ladies trying to reach town to fulfil theatrical engage- 
ments, etc., were ineffective, though the weeping was actual and 
not merely dramatic. The reason seems to have been to effect 
the capture of certain spies of high position by these sudden 
blockades ; and rumour had it that they were not unsuccessful. 
Another humorous occurrence resulted in a valuable tactical 
exercise. With a view of testing some new overcoats the Colonel 
ordered his bugler to sound the " fall in." The bui^ler's intention 
was admirable, but his execution was so imperfect that the result 
was taken for the " alarm." The true " alarm " was at once 
sounded by a neighbouring unit, and the warning was of course 
repeated far and wide. The Guards, some of them at football, 
others at Windsor Races, doubled back to quarters and stood to 
arms. All other units in Windsor and Slough did the same. 
Fortunately some one telegraphed to Hounslow, or the whole of 
the London garrison would have turned out. All concerned 
looked for trouble over the unfortunate error, but it was held to 
be so excellent a practice alarm that the authorities took no 
notice. 

Leaving Windsor early in June, 1915, the battalion was 
quartered in empty houses at Tunbridge Wells, where part of 
the billet area was wrecked by bombs from Zeppelins on loth 
October, 1915, evidently a precursor, or trial trip of the only 
raid which seriously affected Croydon three days later (13th 
October, 191 5), when the invaders, as will be remembered, 
arrived from this same direction. 



8o CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

While at Tunbridge Wells, the War Office decided that the 
men for home service only, should be separated from those 
available for service abroad ; and in June, 191 5, some 400 officers 
and men vv^ere posted for home service duty to the 6gth Pro- 
visional Battalion at Lowestoft. (The same force which after- 
wards was known as the iqth provisional battalion of the Queen's ; 
an account of whose services follows in chapter IX.) Durinpr June 
and July, 1915, Battalion Headquarters and about 600 N.C.O.'s 
and men were sent to Hailing^, near Chatham, to work on the 
system of trenches in connection with the London defences, 
considerable praise being earned for the work done. 

While at Tunbridge Wells many recruits had been posted 
from Croydon and at this time the battalion marched to Maidstone, 
a distance of 18 miles, and on the following day were inspected 
on the march on the Wrotham Road by Lord Kitchener. They 
returned that same day to Tunbridge Wells, a distance of 23 miles 
in the one day ; a severe test, in which the battalion showed to 
great advantage. 

During the period from August to November, 191 1;, the 
battalion was deprived of the services of several Croydon officers, 
among whom were — Major L. S. de la Mare, who proceeded to 
Egyot to the 2/4th Queen's ; Lieutenants P. C. Duncan, Peter 
Brodie (aftenvards killed, the son of Mr, Robert Brodie, the 
former Headmaster of the Whitgift Grammar School) and R. W. 
Spicer (afterwards killed), who joined the 2/4th Queen's in 
Gallipoli ; and Lieutenant A. S. Redfern (son of Dr. Redfern, of 
Croydon) who transferred to the Royal Flying Corps. In 
December, 1911:, Second Lieutenant G. P. Allen, the son of 
Mr. Councillor Francis Allen, of Croydon, was fatally injured in 
an accident, to the great sorrow of his comrades, with whom he 
was deservedly popular, while attending a course of bombing at 
Marden Park. 

From October,i9i 5, to July, 1916, the battalion was quartered 
at Reigate : training was continued and the battalion was 
inspected on the march at Godstone by Lord French,Commander- 
in-Chief of the Home Forces, being singled out from the Surrey 
Brigade, of which it formed part, for special complimentary 
mention. 

After a few days in camp at Windernesse Park, Sevenoaks, 
the battalion moved into camp at Westbere, near Sturry, with 
the 2/c;th Queen's, where they arrived on 17th Julv, 191 6, the 
remainder of the Surrey Brigade being in camp at Gore Street. 
Training was continued, and a musketry course fired at Sandwich. 

Early in August upwards of 300 men, many of whom belonged 
to Croydon, were drafted overseas from the battalion, and the 



27 




I'linto hy H. r. Robinson I't Son 

Lieut .-Colonel Utten Lamont Hooke, 3/4th Queen's 
(Fell in France, 21st June, 1917) 




Major (Acting Lieut. -Colonel) Kenneth Allan Oswald, D.S.O. 
3 /4th Queen's 



THE 3/4TH QUEEN'S 81 

majority were posted to the 22nd battalion County of London 
Regiment, thereby being fortunate in retaining the name of 
" The Queen's." 

The battalion remained under canvas until 2nd November, 
1916, when the weather conditions became impossible. It was 
then moved to Ramsgate in connection with the Coast Defences, 
and was there during the German bombardments of the town 
from the sea in February and April, 1917, and during the very 
frequent air raids. 

Early in 1917 Captain W. G. Paget, who had been the Medical 
Officer of the battalion since its formation, was ordered overseas. 
In April, 1917, the 3/4th Queen's returned to Westbere camp. 

On several occasions previously, preparations had been far 
advanced for an early departure overseas, but it was not until 
the end of Mav, 1Q17, that the 3/4th Queen's eventually sailed 
for France. They had the honour of being the battalion selected 
by merit from the Surrey Brigade for this purpose. 

At all stations in England the battalion had won golden 
opinions for its behaviour and soldierly bearing. Not only was 
it in a high state of military efficiency but it also figured 
prominently in all sports organised in the Division and the Brigade. 
The Surrey Brigade Football Cup was won by the 3 /4th Queen's 
in IQ16-17, as well as many inter-battalion and naval cricket 
matches and cross-country races — in the latter the running of 
Private A. Marshall of Croydon, was always a feature. In the 
United Services Boxing Competition at Ramsgate, in Febniary, 
iqi7, Drummer G. Beale, a Croydon man, won the Welter 
Weights in a high class entry. 

Prior to their leaving Westbere camp, the Mayor of Croydon 
f Alderman Howard Houlder) accompanied by the Vicar (Canon 
L. J. White-Thomson) and the Town Clerk (Dr. J. M. Newnham) 
visited the battalion, and the Mayor expressed the good wishes 
of the citizens of Croydon for the success of the 3/4th Queen's 
in France. This visit was much appreciated by all ranks of the 
battalion. The Hon. Colonel, Sir Frederick Edridge. was, much 
to the regret of all, unable to make the journey owing to ill-health. 

The people of Croydon all along continued to take great 
interest in the doings of the 3/4th Queen's, and among other 
benefits the receipt each Christmas (in England and abroad) of 
puddings, tobacco, etc., was very much appreciated by the 
battalion, who gladly recognised the work of Mr. Henry Bemey 
in this connection. 



82 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

The battalion left Canterbury on 30th May, 1917, and 
proceeded to Havre via Southampton under the command of 
Lieutenant-Colonel U. L. Hooke ; Major K. A. Oswald being 
second in command, and Captain V. F. Samuelson, of Ewell, 
Adjutant. The Regimental Sergeant-Major, W. Johnson (The 
Queen's), who came of an old Croydon family, did much towards 
the CNcellent condition of the battalion. 

From Havre the battalion moved to Laloge (Foret d'Hesdins) 
for a short time and then joined the 9th Division at Duisans 
near Arras — they were attached to the South African Brigade ; 
and, as always, their training was continued. 

The battalion was later attached to the 4th Division for 
training in trench warfare, and was soon sent forward to the 
fighting line in the sectors North and South of the River Scarpe 
to the east of Arras. On the 21st June, 1917, a great misfortune 
befell the 3 /4th Queen's in the loss of their Commanding Officer, 
Lieutenant-Colonel U. L. Hooke, who was killed by a shell in 
the neighbourhood of the Chemical Works at Roeux. Lieutenant- 
Colonel Hooke, whose labours during the extended training in 
England had been unceasing, was universally popular with both 
officers and men. He was buried at Fampoux. The father of 
this gallant officer received at his home in Birdhurst Road the 
sympathy of the whole of Croydon when the loss of his son 
became known here. The command of the battalion was given 
to Major K. A. Oswald, who was appointed Lieutenant- Colonel. 

The battalion was attached in July, 1917, to the 12th 
Division, for work in the front fighting line in the vicinity of 
Monchy, being quartered in the oil factory at Arras ; and the 
General Officer commanding the 12th Division has recorded his 
special appreciation of the work done by the 3 /4th Queen's in 
connection with the attack he made on Long Trench, on 17th 
July, 1917. 

Early in August, 1917, the battalion was ordered to join the 
2ist Division, which was at that time in the sector opposite 
Fontaine ; and after being for a short time the battalion in reserve 
at Croisilles, the 3/4th Queen's took over the left sector of the 
Brigade front, consisting for the main part of the old Hindenburg 
line with its extensive tunnel system. At this point there was 
a broad '* No man's land," and the opportunity was seized for 
extensive patrol training which continued until complete mastery 
of " No man's land " was obtained. On 25th August a fighting 
patrol carried out a bold reconnaissance for machine guns, and 
some of the party worked right under the enemy wire and on to 
the parapet of his trench, locating the guns and emplacements. 
The patrol was unfortunately discovered before they could get 



29 







S z 

2 ^ 



"i"? 









30 




THE 3/4TH QUEEN'S 83 

clear away, and two of the party being wounded, the withdrawal 
was only effected with great difficulty. For conspicuous gallantry 
on this occasion Second Lieutenant GiUiland was awarded the 
Military Cross and Lance-Sergeant Goatcher the Military Medal ; 
and the Divisional Commander's Card of Honour was presented 
to Lance Corporal Matthews and Private Homewood. 

On 28th August, 1917, the 21st Division had to be with- 
drawn from the fighting line lor rest and training, and was 
quartered at Warlus (West of Arras) where they remained and 
carried out intensive training in the newest forms of attack, until 
1 6th September, when they took the first stage towards the 
Flanders fighting. 

On i6th September, 1917, the 3/4th Queen's were at Le 
Peplier near Caestre, and were there transferred to the Second 
Army. At this time they received a welcome draft of 100 men, 
mainly from the East Kent Regiment (The Buffs). The ist and 
^th battalions of the Queen's (the ist being the old battalion of 
the regular army, and the 8th one of the Mew Army battalions) 
were also quartered in this neighbourhood, and many friendships 
were renewed. 

On 23rd September the 3/4th Queen's moved towards La 
Roukloshille, under the Mont des Cats. General Sir H. Plumer, 
in command of the Second Army, inspected the battahon at 
training while here, and expressed himself as most satisfied. 

The 28th September, 1917, found the battalion at Rening- 
helst, and during this moonlight season much annoyance and 
•discomfort was caused by the enemy aircraft. 

On 30th September, 1917, a move was made to the dugouts 
in the banks of Zillebeke Lake, Ypres, where the final preparations 
were made for the coming offensive. 

On the night of the 2nd/3rd October, the 62nd Brigade, to 
which the 3/4th Queen's was attached, reheved the iioth Brigade 
in the front line just east of Polygon Wood ; the journey up 
being of a most difficult nature owmg to the heavy shelling and to 
the moving troops being silhouetted against the light of burning 
ammunition dumps. As much reconnaissance as was possible 
was carried out the following day, but the enemy occupied 
high ground in close proximity, so that little movement was 
possible. The Artillery duels at this time were of the fiercest. 
The ground had become very muddy, and the constant shelling 
had churned the Polygon Beek into a broad and almost 
impenetrable morass ; carrying parties had great difficulty in 
bringing up supplies or mud mats and other necessaries. 



84 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

The attack of Plumer's Second Army on Broodseinde Ridge 
was launched at 6 a.m. on the 4th October, 1917, on a dark 
damp morning. The place of assembly was thirty feet below the 
first objective, and in full view of the enemy ; scrub covered the 
slopes of the small spurs and this was heavily wired ; powerful 
concrete blockhouses, some of three compartments and with 
garrisons of 20 to 30 men, commanded all approaches with 
machine guns and trench mortars ; deep trenches were sited on 
all prominent positions ; the beds of the streams were swept 
by machine gun fire, etc. As seen by daylight after the attack 
the enemy's position indeed appeared impregnable. The 7th 
Division in which were the 2nd (regular) battalion of The Queen's, 
attacked on the left of the 3 /4th Queen's. The barrage was very 
dense and accurate, and although moving very slowly, the state 
of the ground made it difficult to keep up with it. The 
orders were to capture the first objective, and other battalions of 
the Brigade were then to pass through them to the second 
objective. After severe fighting, and with the greatest deter- 
mination, the objective was captured, but not without heavy 
losses : of the 20 officers who went forward to the attack, all 
were killed or wounded by 2 o'clock in the afternoon ; four 
however were able to remain at duty, and the battalion was at 
once reorganised with the help of the non-commissioned officers, 
who did splendid work. The Commanding Officer, Lieutenant- 
Colonel K. A.Oswald, was wounded while reconnoitring the front 
line early in the afternoon. The fighting had been fierce and 
hand to hand, and large numbers of the enemy were encountered 
chiefly owing to the fact that two fresh enemy divisions had 
just previously been moved into their line with a view to making 
an attack on a large scale. Our attack forestalled theirs by only 
a few minutes. 

The battalion in spite of the severe test to which it had just 
been put, remained in the line until yth October, when it was 
relieved. 

Notwithstanding the losses, the scarcity of food and water 
(the carrying of which was almost stopped by the continuous 
enemy barrage), and the fatigue caused by the wet ground, the 
morale of all ranks remained extremely high. The victory had 
been complete and the enemy was signally defeated. 

The congratulations of the General Officer Commanding the 
2 1 St Division were received on the magnificent work accomplished. 
In one Report it was said : — 

" The off'ensive spirit of the 3/4th Queen's in this their 
" first attack was beyond all praise, and the capture of the 
" powerful concrete shelters was only achieved by absolute 
" determination to win and a complete disregard of self." 



THE 3/4TH QUEEN'S 85 

Brigadier-General C. G. Rawling, who commanded the 
62nd Brigade of the 21st Division at that time, also wrote as 
follows : — 

" I always knew any Queen's battalion would be good, 
" but it was a severe trial to take a new battalion through 
" that terrific barrage fire, then across those bogs, in the 
" face of the concrete emplacements in each of which were 
" three machine guns. It was a glorious feat. 1 am 
" sorry to say that the losses are dreadful — you lost 
" between three and four hundred killed, wounded and 
" missing. The Boche lost heavily too, the place is 
" littered with his dead. The battalion has added another 
" laurel to the Regiment's Battle Honours." 

In this battle of the 4th October, 1917, the 3/4th Queen's 
took 200 German prisoners and captured or destroyed — 
8 heavy and 7 fight machine guns. 
5 trench mortars, and 5 " granatenwerfers." 

The following awards were later made to the battalion for 
conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty on that occasion • — 
2 Distinguished Service Orders. 
2 Military Crosses. 
2 Distinguished Conduct Medals. 
15 Military Medals. 

On the 9th October the battalion was at Sercus and 
reorganisation was proceeded with, and a fortnight later was 
back in the line again near the scene of its late attack — east of 
Polygon Wood. 

The 3/4th Queen's remained in this areg, usually doing duty 
in the line in the neighbourhood of Reutel until 8th November, 
after which they were quartered for short periods in the Westoutre 
and Ecurie areas. At the latter place full preparations were made 
for their transfer to the Italian front, which, however, in view of 
the position which grew up near Cambrai, were subsequently 
cancelled. The strength of the battafion at this time was a fittle 
over 600. 

On 2ist November, 1917, Lieutenant-Colonel G. H. Sawyer, 
D.S.O., Royal Berks Regiment, relieved Major H. C. Cannon, 
M.C., in the command of the battafion. 

On 4th December the 3/4th Queen's were at Long Avesnes 
and met the 6th Queen's battalion of the New Army in the 
neighbourhood of Decrement, after which the 21st Division took 
over a sector of the front south of Gouzecourt, the battafion 
going into the fighting line in the vicinity of Vaucellette Farm. 



86 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

While here on 14th December a fighting patrol of the 3 /4th 
obtained valuable identifications by the capture of German 
prisoners of the ist battalion 2:;th I.R. near Reudicourt. Sergeant 
W. G, Ford was in charge of this patrol, and was awarded the 
Military Medal for his exploit. 

The battalion remained in this sector until 30th January, 
iqi8, when they moved to Moislans, and the orders for the 
disbanding of the battalion owing to the reorganisation of the 
Infantry arm of the service followed soon afterwards. 

The 3 /4th Queen's was throughout the only Territorial Unit 
in the 21st Division. 

By the 20th February, 1918, the disbanding was complete, 
all officers and other ranks being posted to other battalions of 
the Queen's Regiment. 

To those who had the well-being of the 3 /4th Queen's at 
heart, the sudden termination of its career was a great disappoint- 
ment. It had earned a splendid reputation largely owing to a 
keen sense of esprit-de-corps, which Croydon by its interest and 
encouragement did much to foster, and it is satisfactory to know 
that the doings of the battalion were recognised by the high 
honour of the presentation of a King's Colour. At the time of 
writing the Colour has not yet reached Croydon. It will receive 
due recognition when it arrives ; and no doubt will either join 
the Colours of the i/4th and the 2/4th Queen's in the Town 
Hall, or possibly may be hung in the Parish Church. 

In a letter to the President of the Surrey Territorial Force 
Association, Lieutenant-General Macready, Adjutant-General to 
the forces, paid a marked tribute to the 3/4th Queen's on its 
being disbanded. " The recent reorganisation of infantry in 
France (the Adjutant-General wrote) involved the disbandment 
of certain battalions, amongst which is the 3/4th battalion The 
Queen's Royal West Surrey Regiment. This battalion was a 
third line Territorial battalion, formed on the 24th April, 1015, 
whose first and second lines were serving in India and Palestine. 
It was therefore raised to the status of an overseas unit, and was 
selected out of a second line Territorial Force Division serving 
at home, to go to France in May, 1Q17. The battalion was 
attached to the Twelfth Division in July, but in August was 
Dosted to the Twenty-first Division with which it served in the 
line near Croisilles, moving to Flanders in September, and taking 
Dart in a highly successful attack on Reutel on 4th October. 
Fifteen machine guns, ten trench mortars, and two hundred 
prisoners were taken, and the Chaplain, the Rev. M. Tron, M.C., 



THE 3/4TH QUEEN'S 87 

was awarded the D.S.O. The commanding officer, Lieutenant- 
Colonel K. A. Oswald, D.S.O., was however wounded next day. 
The battalion was again in action near Reutel on 26th October, 
and 5th November, but moved south at the end of November, 
being in the line near Gouzeau court by loth December. It 
continued in this area till disbanded in February, 191 8. In every 
engagement in which this battalion took part during its short career 
in the field, it upheld the brilliant and glorious traditions of the 
Queen's Regiment, and was awarded during the period that it 
was in France, two Distinguished Service Orders, four Military 
Crosses, two Distinguished Conduct Medals and nineteen 
Military Medals. Although the 3/4th battalion has been dis- 
banded, the Officers, warrant officers, non-commissioned officers, 
and the men have not been lost to the Queen's Regiment ; they 
have all been drafted into other battalions of the Regiment, and 
will continue to uphold the name and traditions of this Regiment, 
with the same spirit, loyalty, and esprit-de-corps as they have 
done in the 3 /4th battalion.' 



VII. The 4/4th Queen's 

After the Fourth Queen's had left Croydon for Windsor 
Park, there to form part of the composite battalion of the Queen's, 
and eventually to produce first the 2/4th, and later the 3/4th 
Queen's, the Depot Company left behind in Poplar Walk,Croydon, 
became known as the 4/4th, and Captain Kenneth Wm. Elder 
became its Major and Commanding Officer in July. 1915. 
Major Elder had been forbidden foreign service when lieutenant 
in the i/4th Queen's ; tried again and was again turned back as 
Captain in the 2/4th ; again, fighting against fate, he unsuccessfully 
volunteered in the 3/4th ; and finally had to give up the glory of 
fighting, and train soldiers for his beloved Queen's abroad, as 
Major Commanding the Depot battalion, the 4/4th. And who 
shall say that this brave spirit, so often foiled, did not perhaps 
do more for the Fourth Queen's by his fine patient support at 
home than those more fortunate in the athletic sense whose 
services overseas he so bitterly envied ? 

The 4/4th was, then, essentially a draft-finding and training 
unit. Major Elder trained successfully and sent out drafts to 
the i/4th in India, to the 2/4th in Egypt and Palestine and to the 
3/4th in France and Flanders ; and at last when our forces in 
1 91 6 could no longer wait for strictly regimental drafting he 
sent out levies wherever men were most wanted, regulars, new 
army, or territorials. Nay, it is even asserted that some Croydon 
men of the 4/4th developed into Highlanders, and theoretically 
or actually discarded trousers for the kilt ! Whenever even so 
few as 10 men were fairly fit Major Elder sent them out. He 
rather looked to physical fitness than to smartness on parade, 
to training rather than to drilling. His men were always at 
muscular exercise, gymnastics, trench digging, bayonet exercise, 
etc. He acquired by hook or crook a machine gun and trained 
men to high efficiency as machine gunners. Major Elder's 
machine gun has found its way to the Cadets of the Whitgift 
Grammar School, although technically it is still regimental 
property. 

The battalion went into open-air camp at Windsor 
in 1 91 5; but the recruits to the 4/4th remained chiefly 
Croydon boys from first to last. In November, 1915, the 
4/4th was sent from Windsor to Purfleet and left canvas tents for 
wooden huts. Accommodation was scanty because the battalion 
grew so fast, and they had an uncomfortable time towards 
Christmas. Then to their great pleasure arrived, just in time, 
Christmas puddings from Croydon, plenty of cigarettes, and other 



• THE 4/4TH QUEEN'S 89 

comforts, through Mr. Harry Berney and the Croydon District 
Association of Voluntary Organisations ; they felt they were 
remembered and thought of in Croydon, and all their troubles 
were at once cheerfully endured. Many kind pudding-makers 
had sent them friendly messages in the pudding tins, but the 
regimental cooks were in such haste to boil up the longed-for 
deUcacies that they plunged the tins into the cauldrons just as 
they were, without taking off the lids ; and, alas, nearly all those 
kind affectionate messages " boiled out in the wash ! " Only so 
many remained legible as to intensify the Queen's regret for the 
loss of the others. And some one managed to get hold of the 
old i/4th Queen's camp cooking stove, and fed 609 men gloriously 
therewith on its arrival at Purfleet. 

At the new year, 1916, the 4/4th was sent to Cambridge, 
and in April to Crowborough. It was still housed in huts, but 
the Crowborough pattern was excellent, and accommodation was 
abundant. The " conscription " levies now began to arrive, and 
many of them were pale and non-muscular and generally poor 
in physique. Not only did the condition of the original men 
improve rapidly in the fine air of Crowborough and the good 
treatment of the camp, but the weaklings above referred to 
changed almost miraculously fast into happy, athletic, bronzed, 
capable soldiers. Everyone was astounded at the swiftness and 
completeness of the change. Even after the first month they 
would not have been known for the same men. So excellent a 
result was not obtained without incessant watchfulness, and 
Major Elder's necessary strictness was at first often resented ; 
but by the end of the month the resentment had all paled in the 
glow of health and spirits previously unknown, and these very 
men became in the rebound amongst the best soldiers Major 
Elder had commanded ; so that when Sir Frederick Edridge, 
from first to last the Honorary Colonel of the Fourth Queen's, 
came to inspect his regiment at Crowborough, accompanied by 
the Mayor (Alderman Howard Houlder) and the Town Clerk, 
he was delighted with the soldierly appearance and the perfection 
of their various exercises and evolutions. Fortunately we have 
a photographic record of the inspection and are glad to reproduce 
it here. 

By the middle of 1916 the pressure of recruits due to 
" conscription " lessened, and training battalions such as this 
were brigaded, so that the 4/4th as a separate force came to an 
end. Major Elder went to the Brigade Staff of the Home 
Counties Reserve Brigade, and the Guildford men (Fifth Queen's) 
were added to the Croydon men (Fourth Queen's) to form a 
fresh unit in that Brigade, under the name of the " Fourth 
Reserve Battalion of the Queen's." 



VIII. The Fourth Reserve 
Queen's 

LJeutenant-Colonel J. Wyndham Wright was the first 
Commanding Officer of this Fourth Reser\'e Battalion of the 
Queen's, and he was succeeded by Lieutenant-Colonel W. R. 
Campion (M.P. for Lewes), D.S.O., T.D., who, returning to the 
front on expiry of leave, was followed in the command by 
Lieutenant-Colonel N. T. Rolls. Colonel Rolls came home from 
the front (6th Queen's, Kitchener's men) for six months' leave 
in April, 1918, was appointed to the Fourth Reserve Queen's, 
which had removed from Crowborough to Tunbridge Wells, and 
remained in command of it until it was disbanded a year later 
(29th May, 1919). When Colonel Rolls arrived he found the 
battalion diligently training new levies, and acting as convalescent 
home for the wounded continually arriving from the front : draft- 
finding in this way for the Territorial battalions abroad. 

The Armistice was declared on nth November, 19 18, but 
the despatch of trained levies could not even then cease, since 
replacement of the forces in France and elsewhere continued to 
be necessary, in order that the war-worn soldiers might get 
home-leave. Further, no one could tell what devices the enemy 
might resort to, and the profound distrust of his good faith 
made reductions in army strength impossible during the many 
long wear}' months which had yet to run till Peace was signed 
with Germany (28th June, 1919). 

One final victory, though a peaceful and merry one, must 
be set down to the credit of the Fourth Queen's in the Reserve 
state. The whole Brigade had six battalions, and all six engaged 
in a tournament of football, involving innumerable separate 
games. From this long contest for the Brigade Football Cup, 
the battalion which ultimately emerged victorious, and which of 
course still possesses the Cup, was the Fourth Reserve Queen's. 



IX. The 69th Provisional 
Battalion (the 19th Queen's) 

As already recorded in Chapter VI., the men destined for 
Home Service only were separated at Tunbridge Wells in June, 
1915 from the 3/4th Queen's, in whose ranks at that time they 
were serving. Some men of similar category from the Fifth 
Queen's (Guildford) were united with them, and the joint force 
(16 officers and 960 men) were called for the time being the 
" 69th Provisional Battalion." [Finally on ist January, 1917, 
they were re-baptised as the " 19th Queen's."] On 2Cth June, 
1915, the 69th P.B, (19th Queen's) went by train to Eastbourne 
and Seaford and were engaged on coast defence ; and Major 
Perkins (afterwards K.C.B.) of the 2/5th Queen's, commanded 
them. But in a fortnight the pleasant south coast quarters were 
exchanged for Lowestoft, which Lord French always held to be a 
highly vulnerable spot. Trenches were formed along the Denes, 
with wire entanglements, and a line of strong points on the cliff 
above ; and the only shelter for the patrols on the shore was the 
highly inconvenient one of the local bathing-machines. Other 
regiments sent parties to join the battalion, and at one time 
(May, 1916) Major Perkins was in command of about 2,000 men ; 
guarding from four to eight miles of the coast, from Pakefield 
to Hopton. From first to last 140 officers and 5,000 other ranks 
passed through the 19th Queen's. They continued round 
Lowestoft till 6th November, 1916, when drafts and discharges 
had reduced the battalion to 450, but new arrivals quickly raised 
the numbers again to about 900. In August, 1918, the numbers 
were 1,700. 

The most interesting part was the end of April, 1916. On 
the night of 24th April there were Zeppelins over the coast, and 
one Zeppelin was observed in the early dawn of the 25th by the 
Adjutant and the officer on duty to be hanging motionless at a 
great height. They thought it crippled, and were glad to see 
warships on the horizon, from which gun-flashes proceeded which 
they hoped would bring down the Zeppelin. But the explosion 
of heavy shells along the Lowestoft coast quickly made it known 
to them that these eight or ten ships were part of the German 
Navy. Lowestoft was being shelled by a number of hea\y guns, 
firing as rapidly as they could. No retaliation was possible ; all 
that could be done was to put the troops into the bombardment 
trenches which had been specially prepared for such an event ; 
where, moreover, they would be available in case of an attempted 



92 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

landing. Casualties occurred to houses in the town and amongst 
the civilian population, but almost none amongst the troops ; the 
Huns' ranging being fortunately very defective. One shell passed 
through fourteen houses, coming to rest, still unexploded, in a 
bedroom of the last. Other houses were totally demolished. 
But in less than half an hour a few British ships hove in sight. 
They at once opened fire on the enemy. Though ours was but 
a light flotilla, and some of their ships were battle cruisers, yet 
it was enough : the Navy was there, and the Huns fled under 
full steam ! A renewal of the attack was anticipated, and the 
battalion was kept strictly to quarters, ready to turn out at any 
instant. Much relief was felt when the welcome message arrived 
" Resume normal conditions." 

Air attacks, chiefly by Zeppelins, were frequent at Lowestoft. 
They made for this point both coming and going. Sometimes 
they arrived in a damaged condition, and the Yarmouth air-men 
were twice able to destroy them, driving them down in flames. 
Only once did serious damage to the town occur from overhead, 
and that was on the occasion of a visit from two bombing sea- 
planes. Many times vessels were submarined in sight of land ; 
and after storms detached mines would be driven against the 
groins, and their shattering explosions caused alarm. Once a 
storm drove the sea over the flats and swept away all the 
trenches and defences raised with so much toil. The battalion 
was frequently praised by the authorities for the excellence of 
these works and for their exemplary good behaviour. 

The 19th Queen's underwent many changes with the passing 
of the Military Service Act and the introduction of medical 
categories. Frequent detachments were sent abroad, and officers 
came and went so quickly that it was at times difficult to know 
all the officers even by name, and impossible for company 
commanders to have that knowledge of their men which is so 
eminently desirable. It might be supposed that such frequent 
changes would be fatal to all esprit de corps. But the constant 
interchange with expeditionary forces in the various theatres of 
war was on the other hand of incalculable value in the main- 
tenance of the 19th Queen's as an efficient fighting machine. 
Besides, when men see that every effort is being made for their 
comfort they quickly settle into good order. There is every 
reason to hope that all who passed through this unit will retain 
kindly memories of the East Coast work they performed when 
they were members of a famous regiment whose origin was by 
the sea. The 19th Queen's was disbanded in November, 1918. 



X. Surrey Yeomanry 

(Queen Mary's Regiment) 
" C " Squadron 

From 1900 there existed in Croydon the " C " squadron of 
the Surrey Yeomanry (" A " squadron being a Clapham force ; 
" B " squadron a Woking force ; and " D " squadron a Wimble- 
don force) ; and this " C " squadron had excellent Headquarters 
in Tamworth Road, and v.as an efficient and very smart unit. 
When the Lord Mayor of that day (Alderman Sir W. Treloar) 
visited Croydon in state in 1907, to open the new Fire Station 
in Park Lane, the Mayor of Croydon (Alderman H. Keatlev 
Moore) was permitted to avail himself of a troop of this squadron 
as escort to his " big brother " of London, whom he met, thus 
accompanied, at Norbury brook, and took in procession to the 
Fire Station and eventually to the Town Hall. The smartness 
of the Yeomanry received universal commendation . [At this time 
the Regiment bore the title of '* Princess of Wales's Own."j 

Under the Territorial army arrangements in 1908, the Surrey 
Yeomanry were attached to the South Eastern Mounted Brigade 
as Divisional Cavalry. Wken war was declared, and the mobilisa- 
tion order arrived (5th August, 1914) the '* C " squadron of 
Surrey Yeomanry was with its regiment as part of the Home 
Counties Brigade engaged in manoeuvres near Salisbury, and on 
this day was taking part in a march from Bordon to Amesbury, 
by Salisbury Plain. The Regiment was now called (since the 
Princess of Wales had become Queen Mary, in 1910) the " Surrey 
Yeomanry (Queen Mary's Regiment)." Taking train at Ames- 
bury at 6 a.m. on the 5th, after waiting in a torrent of rain at the 
station all night (having to hold their horses, expecting the 
train every minute, they were unable to get either rest or shelter) 
they reached their Headquarters at Tamworth Road by the 
afternoon. Having returned the horses hired for the manoeuvres, 
the first business was to replace them by horses purchased by 
the Government. The officers had to scour the country round, 
buying horses for the squadron as cheaply as they could, being 
limited to ^50 for a trooper's horse and ^75 for an officer's 
charger. Those who had horses of their own kept them in the 
squadron, being paid for them at these rates. There was some 
delay over the fact that the Army Remount officers were before- 
hand with our squadron and moreover claimed a preference as 



94 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

against them in certain districts. By the end of the week, 
however, the squadron was finally remounted. It may be said 
here that many horses proved unfit for cavalry work, breaking 
down after three or four months training, so that when " C " 
squadron went abroad at least half its horses had to be sold, and 
were replaced by Canadian horses imported for remount purposes 
by our Government. 

On Saturday and Sunday (9th and loth August), under the 
command of Major Barclay, the squadron marched to Maidstone 
as part of the S.E. Coast Defence, and on the way some of the 
troopers soon discovered that the horses under them had never 
been saddled before, so that the march was not without amusement 
at their expense. At Maidstone they remained for the rest of 
the month, training. Early in September they marched to 
Canterbury, to Old Park Farm near the barracks, where they 
went under canvas (horses picketed in the open) and remained in 
camp till the middle of November. The officers then vainly 
tried to find billets, and eventually commandeered the oast-houses 
in the Faversham hop-district. In January, 1915, " A " and "B " 
squadrons having left for France (and " D " squadron having 
been absorbed in " A "), our Croydon " C " squadron was left 
alone. They proceeded by train to Stratford-on-Avon, and 
remained there till the second week in March. During this 
sojourn they were re-equipped, receiving fresh rifles, swords, and 
saddles, and by this time had become a highly efficient force of 
about 120 strong. They now passed under the command of 
Major R. Bonsor, Major Barclay having been detached to train 
recruits at Canterbury to form drafts for abroad, and being 
advanced in rank to Lieutenant-Colonel. They had the honour 
of being inspected by H.M. the King at Warwick, and of receiving 
his commendation. 

The " C " squadron now embarked (19th March, 1915) with 
the 29th Division at Avonmouth (Bristol) for Gallipoli ; being 
instructed to save all the drinking water possible, as their 
destination was practically a waterless region. At Malta, however, 
they were sent to Alexandria, landing there ist April, the horses 
being carried (with a few attendants) on a separate vessel from the 
troops. Not till the middle of June did they reach the island of 
Imbros, at that time General Sir Ian Hamilton's Headquarters ; 
Major Bonsor and 100 officers and men were sent over as Head- 
quarters guard, etc., from Alexandria and took with them just 
a few horses for orderly work on the island, leaving the rest of 
the men and nearly all the horses in Alexandria. From Imbros 
the squadron provided frequent fatigue parties for the front in 
GallipoH (29th Division). After the evacuation of Gallipoli, 
January, 191 6, the squadron re-united at Alexandria, but found 



31 




Major Stanley R. Docking, T.D. 

CO. Croydon Column, S.E. Mounted Brigade, 

Transport and Supply Column, A.S.C. 



I'hoto by Lewis 



32 




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SURREY YEOMANRY (C SQUADRON) 95 

the men and horses left behind there had been sent to Cairo 
and thence westward on the expedition against the Senussi Arabs, 
in company with some fresh Surrey Yeomanry drafts trained and 
sent out by Colonel Barclay. After these had rejoined at the 
termination of the expedition the squadron was considerably over 
strength. At the beginning of March, 1916, leaving the horses 
behind — never to see them again — the men of the squadron 
re-embarked at Alexandria for Marseilles. They took their 
saddles with them, and on reaching Rouen were re-equipped 
and remounted ; and here on 19th March they celebrated the 
anniversary of their leaving Avonmouth in 191 5, by a good sound 
snowstorm, just such another as that which speeded them from 
England, and as that which a year later overtook them on the 
Somme (1917). They rejoined their Division (29th Division) at 
Acheux on the Ancre for trench digging, etc., with the Royal 
Engineers, and laying telephone cables to the firing line, in 
furrows three feet deep, as it had been found too costly to let 
them be above ground. In May they went southward to Heilly, 
and joined the 15th Corps, forming a composite cavalry regiment 
with the South Irish Horse (also a yeomanry regiment) and taking 
the name of the " 15th Corps, Cavalry Regiment." 

A little later it was found advisable for the " C " squadron 
to leave the 15th Corps and join up with the " Duke of Lancaster's 
Own Yeomanry " to make the 3rd Cavalry Regiment. On ist 
July, 1916, the great Somme offensive started, and it was soon 
found that czvairy were useless, so about half the squadron 
dismounted and went forward to the trenches amongst the 
infantry, in the Albert district. The rest of the year the squadron 
supplied mounted orderlies, signal service despatch riders, etc., 
along tracks where motors and motor cycles were impossible. 
Just before Christmas the squadron was supplying one of the line 
regiments in the front with food and ammunition by means of 
troopers leading loaded packhorses, the roads being impassable 
for wheel traffic on account of the mud. At the beginning of 
191 7 the Australians took over this district, and the 3rd Corps 
Cavalry regiment proceeded to Amiens, just outside the city. The 
sight of the famous Cathedral piled with sandbags up to the roof 
was a piteous one. But at any rate the Germans were prevented 
from making Amiens another Rheims, though they tried their 
best. From Amiens the Regiment in March, 1917, went towards 
St. Quentin as far as Villers Bretonneux, where the Germans 
were missed. They were sent forward in search of the retreating 
foes, and had to ride three days before they found them ; the 
enemy aeroplanes watching their pursuit from above. Suddenly 
they ran into the enemy at Vermand (an outpost of the great 
Hindenburg line) and were held up two days until the infantry 
arrived and took over. There were of course many casualties, 



96 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

but on the whole the regiment was fortunate. Major Bonsor was 
in command of the " C " squadron in this smart little brush. 
Afterwards, for about three weeks, the " C " squadron remained 
clearing up booby traps, etc. In June the squadron, being then 
at Moislanes, was permanently dismounted, the horses being sent 
to Salonica via Marseilles, and the men to Etaples where they 
underwent five weeks* infantry training. Eventually they were 
incorporated with the loth Queen's (a Battersea service battalion) 
and proceeded to Dunkerque, subsequently taking over the front 
line of the coastal defences at Nieuport from the Belgians at the 
beginning of October, 1Q17. The loth Queen's formed part of 
the famous fighting 41st Division. 

The Italian disaster at the Piave occurring at this time, it 
was necessary at once for us to go to the help of our allies, and 
the 41st Division was one of the three divisions sent forward. 
They entrained near St. Omer for Genoa, where the population 
received them at the station with fervent demonstrations of 
welcome, bringing them coffee, fruit, cakes and all kinds of good 
things ; a great relief from the everlasting bully beef and biscuits 
of the cantonments, especially to poor fellows packed at the 
moment by twenty-five or thirty in cattle-trucks. Owing to the 
kindness of the Commanding Officer (Colonel Bell) of the 10th 
Queen's, our men were now allowed, from Genoa to Mantua, to 
ride, as many as could find room, on the transport in the open 
wagons, so that they enjoyed a view of the beautiful country of 
the plains of Lombardy and could breathe the fresh air. At 
Mantua the division detrained, and our Croydon boys marched, 
still on foot, of course as part of the loth Queen's, 150 miles in 
eight days, for no time could be lost. They marched via Verona 
straight to the Piave, but in the hurry and on account of the 
mountainous country, the rations and all the letters of the 
regimental mail went into Switzerland. The letters came back 
four months afterwards, but somebody (possibly the frugal 
Switzers) devoured the rations ; at all events the regiment never 
saw them again. Consequently, for three days on this forced 
march, hurrying at top speed to relieve our allies, at the very time 
when extra feeding would have been welcome to enable them to 
resist the fatigue of their exertions, our men had to go terriblv 
short. On the day of the loss the emergency ration meagrely fed 
them, but on the next day there was nothing to eat. A mess-tin 
full of tea without milk or sugar, was all thev had that day, and 
the day's march was twenty-two miles. The next day the 
Italians sent them a small supply, enough to give them four 
ounces of bully beef each and a small coarse brown loaf between 
every six men. On the third day things were a little better, but 
the march in general was a time of emptiness. Eventiially they 
arrived at the Montella sector in the mountains near Belluno 



SURREY YEOMANRY (C SQUADRON) 97 

above the plain of the Piave, the Austrian invaders being across 
the river (which here flows east and west before turning south- 
wards) immediately below our men, Corregliano lying behind 
them as their headquarters. Here they remained, of course with 
occasional skirmishes and raids, till February, 1918, by which time 
their purpose of checking the Austrian advance had been fully 
accomplished. 

The whole 41st Division now returned to France, to Sous-St.- 
Leger, near DouUens in the Somme region. Their short rest 
here was broken in upon by the great German advance, which 
caused them to go forward as swiftly as possible (in order to 
resist the enemy's onslaught) to Bapaume (21st March). Here 
they held the line against the Germans for two days, but had then 
to retire before superior forces, always maintaining excellent order, 
in spite of severe casualties, to Achiet-le-Petit. They held on 
here for twelve hours, but had then to retire, and did not finally 
hold up the German advance till within ten miles of Amiens. 
What follows is matter of glorious history, and the subsequent 
triumphant advance of Haig's great army ended, as we all know, 
with the Armistice on nth November. But the price paid by 
the 4rst Division up to Amiens was so heavy that it was sent to 
Ypres (then a quiet part of the line) to recuperate and to await 
reinforcements. The merits of our Croydon " C " squadron men 
had shown themselves so great in the war that no less than fifty 
per cent, of those still surviving had received commissions, and 
had therefore been distributed throughout the army. By the 
time they reached Ypres (as part of the loth Queen's) some were 
officers in that regiment and other line regiments ; others were 
officers in the Flying Corps, others were cavalry officers, and one 
Croydon man of a very well known High Street family was officer 
of a tank, and was soon after sent, to his great disgust, to overcome 
with his unwieldy machine the Sinn Feiners in Ireland. In the 
ranks there was always a certain nucleus of Croydon Yeomanry 
men who managed to hold together all the time. The 41st 
Division, brought up to strength once more, took part in the great 
final advance, and on Armistice day were at Nederbrakel near the 
scene of Marlborough's splendid victory of Oudenarde. Keeping 
always a day or two's march behind, they followed their defeated 
foes into Germany, passed through Cologne and took up outposts 
about twenty miles beyond the Cologne bridge-head. Here they 
began to be gradually demobilised and were sent home in order 
of seniority of service. Of the 120 fine young fellows who so 
gaily left Croydon in August, 1914, very many had found 
their graves abroad, and of the survivors who returned to Croydon 
more than half will carry honourable scars to their graves. And 
yet, if you speak to any of these men, they will all tell you " We 
were a very lucky squadron,'' 



XL South Eastern Mounted 

Brigade (Transport and Supply 

Column, A.S.C.j 

In 1908 it was found under the new scheme then coming into 
being, that the South Eastern Mounted Brigade (Territorial 
Force) was deficient in the necessary Transport and Supply 
Column as far as this part of the county was concerned. The 
Surrey Territorial Force Association, by its president. General 
Sir Edmond Files, K.C.B., etc., approached the then Mayor of 
Croydon, Major J. E. Fox, T.D,, with a request that he should 
raise the unit in Croydon. Major Fox was then a Captain and 
Hon. Major in the Territorial Battalion of the Lincolnshire 
Regiment ; but he undertook the new duty, and in spite of 
predictions that " it was a hopeless task," in six weeks he was 
able to obtain the War Office recognition of the new unit, the 
Croydon Column having enrolled a sufficient number for the 
purpose, and the unit was almost immediately up to full 
strength. Major Fox continued in command until compulsorily 
retired under the age hmit. At the beginning. Captain 
Clarence G. Allen, M.C., and Lieutenant Stanley R. Docking, 
T.D., served in the Column, but later Captain Allen trans- 
ferred to and took command of the Surrey Brigade Company 
A.S.C. (Woking). In 1912 Major Fox retired, having received 
his Brevet Major under the Territorial Force regulations " for 
distinguished services of an exceptional kind other than in the 
Field " ; and Captain (afterwards Major) Docking took com- 
mand of the Column. 

At the outbreak of war the unit was mobilised. It was then 
at full war strength (120) at Mitcham Road Barracks. At the 
Inspection in June, 1914, at Folkestone, only two months before, 
the Inspecting Officer had made the very unusual observation 
that this column was " fit for mobilisation.'' No doubt this was 
due to the efficient training it had always undergone at the hands of 
Staff-Sergt. Major (now Captain) S. H. Brooks, the Instructor. 
Therefore, the work of mobilisation was very skilful and rapid, 
and the column was on a war-footing three days (72 hours) ahead 
of scheduled time. It left Croydon for its war station (Canter- 
bury) on i2th August, 1914. 

Early in 1915 the column was reorganised. About seventy 
per cent, had volunteered for service abroad, and many of these 
had joined with units of the R.A.S.C. in the New Armies then 



SOUTH EASTERN MOUNTED BRIGADE, A.S.C. 99 

being raised. Many of them attained high rank. As Major 
Docking was among these, the command of the unit now 
devolved on Captain (now Major) F. L. Hacking. A number of 
men of the unit were attached to various Yeomanry regiments, 
and to the Field Ambulance of the S.E. Mounted Brigade as 
first-line Transport Drivers, and went overseas with their new 
comrades to France, Italy, Salonica or Egypt. At least one 
officer has even been traced to the German East Africa campaign, 
so that it is true to say that our Croydon boys of the Transport 
and Supply Column served on every front. Major Docking was 
seconded to employment with the (Regular) R.A.S.C., in March, 
1915, as said above, and thereafter commanded a divisional train 
in France ; he was not restored to the establishment of the 
Territorial Force in France until 1918. 

On 24th September, 1915, the i/ist South Eastern Mounted 
Brigade, Transport and Supply Column, under Major Hacking, 
sailed for Gallipoli, and shared in that arduous campaign until 
the evacuation of the Peninsula in January, 1916, with a splendid 
record of brave work done. From Gallipoli they went to Egypt, 
and were soon after disbanded, and distributed amongst various 
R.A.S.C. units on the Egyptian, Mesopotamian, and Salonica 
fronts. 

Meanwhile recniiting had been proceeding towards a 2/ist 
Column at Croydon and Canterbury under Captain W. Curtis ; 
and, later on, even a 3/1 st Column was formed, which last went 
to Ireland under Captain Cantley. On ist September, 1916, all 
the Territorial A.S.C. units were posted to the regular army ; 
and although the 2/ist and 3/ist column continued as such they 
ceased to be Territorial units. 

When the Conscription Act came into force (loth February, 
1916) many of the medically fit men had already been drafted 
to the Gunners and Cavalry, to the Machine Guns and the Tanks, 
and in some cases to the Infantry. As has been said, they served 
in this way on every battle front during the Great War, and 
fourteen per cent, of them laid down their lives. Twenty per 
cent, of the whole number won commissions, and one Warrant 
Officer reached the rank of Major in the (regular) R.A.S.C, and 
won the D.S.O. — a splendid record. Another won seven decora- 
tions : D.C.M., M.M., Croix de Guerre, etc., etc. Moreover, 
twenty-five per cent, of the men attained the rank of Warrant 
Officer ; and, finally, there was not one man of them all who did 
not gain promotion of some kind, from corporal upwards. Of 
such fine quality were our brave Croydon lads of the South 
Eastern Mounted Brigade, Transport and Supply Column 
A.S.C. 



' XII. I St Battalion Surrey 
(Croydon) National Reserve 

It was always felt by Field-Marshal Lord Roberts that 
altogether to let slip trained time-expired men, " old soldiers,'* 
who had left the regular army, was a foolish waste of good 
material. In 1910, therefore, inspired by this idea of the Field- 
Marshal's, the War Office convened a meeting of such " old 
soldiers," in Queen's House, Croydon ; naming Major Junner as 
the first Commanding Officer and organiser. By May, 1911, 
Major Junner had gathered together three companies towards a 
battalion, and these with other Surrey National Reservists then 
paraded at Guildford and were inspected by Lord Roberts 
being entertained by Mr. St. Loe Strachey, an ardent advocate 
of the scheme. The Head Quarters were first at 70a, London 
Road, and were afterwards removed to Cherry Orchard Road in 
1912, and to Poplar Walk, in 191 3. At the declaration of War, 
4th August, 1914, Croydon National Reservists mustered 939 
men, a number which soon rose to 1,353. Many men of the 
National Reserve were still of fighting capacity, although no doubt 
home defence was more in Lord Roberts' mind ; and therefore 
on the 5th August, Captain Murgatroyd and 120 N.C.O.'s and 
men were called up for service. A large remount depot and 
camp was formed, and that very day 300 horses passed through 
the civilian purchasing-officer's hands and were standing in camp 
waiting to be taken over by the army. This was followed by a 
similar camp at Oxted. A company and a half (about 150 men) 
fully officered and in uniform joined the East Surrey Regiment ; 
and over three companies more (about 316 men) took on the 
important work of guarding the railways ; while 164 more 
rejoined their old regiments, and a large number of Warrant 
Officers and N.C.O.'s joined Kitchener's Army as Instructors. 
Two hundred further passed into various departments of war 
work ; so that in all the National Reserve (Croydon) supplied 
1,700 men to help forward the great war. Captain Barrie, who 
to the regret of so many, died in harness, was originally Quarter- 
Master of the Croydon battalion, and when he became chief 
recruiting officer for the Croydon district all his staff were men 
who followed him from the Croydon National Reserve. Those 



33 




2 c 

iff: 

- D 



34 




Photo by Howard M. King 

Major James Petrie, O.B.E., 
CO. ist Volunteer Battalion, '' The Queen's " 



1ST BATT SURREY NATIONAL RESERVE loi 

who rejoined the Army did splendid service : Captain Chapman 
fell with the Hampshires in France, Captain Ruddock with the 
Worcesters at Gallipoli. The battalion has been kept alive by 
the strenuous exertions of Colonel Wilson and Captain and 
Adjutant Voules and others, so that men now returning to 
ordinary life can still report themselves as reservists. In war- 
time they formed a Home Guard of 437 men, and were able to 
help many cases of distress and difficulty, especially in the matter 
of the accounts of men on leave from active service , while 
Quarter-Master Sergeant Fowles was equally indefatigable in 
keeping the social side of the unit vigorous and cheerful to the 
very end of the war. 

Farrier-Sergeant Harding deserves mention, as showing what 
these veterans can undertake. Though over 70 he did excellent 
service in the Remount department at Redhill as dispenser, in 
the intervals of going to and from the Cape, bringing over ship- 
loads of horses for his department. 



XIII. The Volunteers 

I St V.B. The Queen's 

(Royal West Surrey Regt.) 

On the 15th August, 19 14, the High Sheriff of Surrey 
(Mr, St. Loe Strachey) convened a meeting of the Miniature 
Rifle Clubs of Surrey at Guildford, to discuss certain proposals 
put forward by the High Sheriff for the formation of village and 
town guards, and it was agreed by the meeting, with the con- 
currence of the High Sheriff, that the proposals were not applic- 
able, at all events without a good deal of modification, to the 
case of thickly populated urban areas such as Croydon. 

On Friday, the 21st August, 1914, a meeting was therefore 
convened at the Town Hall, by the Mayor of Croydon (Alderman 
Frank Denning), as an outcome of the above movement. There 
was a very large attendance, and the meeting unanimously 
decided — 

(i). That a list be prepared of those members of miniature rifle 
clubs in or near Croydon, who, being unable to join any of 
the present official organised forces of the country, are 
willing to offer their services for use in any way the same 
may be required, so far as lies in their power. 

(2). That as far as may be practicable, arrangements be made for 
the elementary drilling of those who are able to give the 
time necessary for the purpose. 

(3). That a Committee of seven should be appointed to give 
effect to the foregoing resolutions. 

The Committee appointed consisted of — 

Messrs. W. T. Diplock, W. A. Hemsley, J.C.Moger, J.Petrie, 
F. H. Popkiss, H. C. Pressland and W. W. Topley ; and 
elected Mr. J. C. Moger (President of the Croydon and 
District League of Rifle Clubs) as Chairman, and Messrs. 
Diplock and Topley as Honorary Secretaries. It was 
decided to name the new organization " The Croydon 
Riflemen." 

On the 7th September, 19 14, drills commenced on the Sports 
Ground in Park Lane (by the kind permission of the L.B. & S.C. 
Railway Company), under Sergeant F, W, Clements, late 4tli 
Queen's — 270 members and 6 Instructors attending. 



THE VOLUNTEERS (ist V.B. THE QUEEN'S) 103 

In October, 1914, the ground was found to be too small for 
efEcient training, as the numbers had already increased to 560, 
and the Croydon Education Committee kindly granted the use, 
for two evenings weekly, of the schools at Tavistock Grove, 
Winterbourne Road, Davidson Road, Portland Road and White- 
horse Road. Contingents were also drilling two evenings weekly 
at Mitcham Road Barracks, Yeomanry Hall, Woodside Hall, 
Haling Road Hall, Brotherhood Institute (South Norwood), and 
St. Mary's Hall, Addiscombe. 

Miniature Rifle ranges were kindly placed at the disposal of 
the " Croydon Riflemen," by their controlling authorities, 
together with the loan of rifles for practice. Free tuition was 
given by expert members of each rifle range, and a very high 
standard of shooting was reached. 

A special badge was provided for each member, to be worn 
at drill and rifle range practice. The wearing of the badge was 
strictly insisted upon, as the unit was not yet recognized by the 
Government. The training was carried out on military lines 
and in strict accordance with " Infantry Training, 1914." 

Route marching, including a number of night marches, took 
place nearly every week within an area of twenty miles of Croydon, 
as well as marching to a given spot in a prescribed time ; and 
every man was soon found to be quite capable of marching 
twenty and thirty miles night or day. Men who had hitherto 
never walked more than a fev/ yards at a time soon became able 
to march without any undue exertion or over-fatigue. The 
strength of " Croydon Pviflemen " in February, 1915, was 1,100 
members. 

On the 20th February, 1915, the " Croydon Riflemen " were 
affiliated to the " Central Association of Volunteer Training 
Corps," of which the Rt. Hon. Lord Desborough, K.C.V.O., 
was the President, and Mr. Percy A. Harris, L.C.C., the Hon. Sec. 

On the 8th March, 1915, the Lord Lieutenant approved the 
amalgamation of the " Croydon Riflemen " and the " South 
Norwood Volunteer Training Corps " under the title of the 
" i/ist Battalion (Croydon) Surrey Volunteer Training Corps," 
with Mr. James Petrie as Commandant, the remaining nine units 
in the Croydon Recruiting area being at the same time formed 
into the " 2/ist Battalion, Surrey Volunteer Training Corps," 
vnth Colonel Qnin as Commandant. This area was large, and 
always awkward to work. It extended from Norbury south- 
wards as far as Dorman's Land, and from Caterham westwards 
to Oxted, 



104 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

On the 15th March, 1915, Colonel Sir Frederick Edridge, 
D.L., J.P., accepted the position of Honorary Commandant of 
the battalion, Mr. A. W. Thomas became Adjutant, and Sergeant 
F. W. Clements battalion sergeant-major. 

The i/ist battalion was inspected on nth April, 1915, by 
Colonel Cochran, C.B. ; its strength on this date being 18 officers 
and 645 N.C.O.'s and men — total 663. Colonel Cochran in his 
report of the inspection complimented the battalion very highly 
on the excellent attendance, steadiness on parade, and the 
exemplary manner in which the various movements were executed. 

The battalion was again inspected on 4th July, 191 5, by 
General Sir Josceline Wodehouse, the Commandant of the Surrey 
V.T.C. Regiment. This was the first occasion when the Com- 
manding Officer of the Regiment had inspected the battalion. 
Field exercises were executed under Commandant James Petrie, 
as well as platoon, company and artillery formation exercises 
under the various junior officers, while large operations, in which 
the signalling, ambulance and cyclist sections were utilized were 
performed under the command of the inspecting General himself. 
An imaginary enemy was supposed to be entrenched near Croydon 
and the battalion had to drive him out of his entrenched position. 
The battalion received the cordial congratulations of General 
Wodehouse on their excellent work and good general bearing. 

In July, 191 1;, the battaUon was formed into four companies : 
(a) Parish Hall, 'South Norwood ; (b) Portland Road Schools ; 
(r) Winterbourne Road Council Schools ; and, (d) Tavistock 
Grove Council Schools. 

Headquarters being at this time found necessary to carry on 
the work of the battalion, a small room was procured at the 
Headquarters of the National Reserve, 2 Poplar Walk, Croydon. 
The Commandant, Adjutant, Orderly Officer for the week, 
battalion Sergt.-Major and four OrderLes worked in the confined 
space three and four hours every night for several months. And 
not only in neglect to provide Headquarters, but in eveiy way, 
as it seems to the Editor of this book, the Volunteers, far from 
receiving the encouragement they so well deserved at the hands 
of the military authorities of the country, were constantly 
neglected and not infrequently snubbed. The Headquarters of 
the V.T.C. in July, 1915, issued instructions that officers and men 
might wear uniform of a grey colour, providing the whole of 
the expense was defrayed by the officers and men, the Government 
having declined to make a grant for this purpose. Every officer 
and man consequently provided at his own cost the necessary 
uniform, putties, belt, haversack and water bottle ; and all were 
compelled by the Government to wear a red brassard with the 



THE VOLUNTEERS (ist V.B. THE QUEEN'S) 105 

letters G.R. (Georgius Rex) thereon, when attending Parade, with 
or without uniform. This brassard was the only equipment 
issued by the Government to the " Volunteer Training Corps " ; 
and on account of it all members of the V.T.C. throughout the 
country were very quickly " dubbed " by sarcastic members of 
the community the " Gorgeous Wrecks." 

But the V.T.C. of Croydon were anything but " Gorgeous 
Wrecks " ; they were a sturdy body of men, determined to train 
and work hard to make themselves thoroughly proficient in the 
duties of soldiers in order to be ready to defend their hearths 
and homes against any invasion that might be attempted by the 
hateful Hun. Every officer and man was exceedingly keen, often 
at drill, and for long hours at a time : and was indeed maintaining 
himself in a high state of efficiency. In fact an excellent spirit 
and hard grit were shown by all ranks, in spite of the jeers of 
thoughtless sections of the public, and the frequent rebutfs of the 
Government, who continually hindered the Volunteers in every 
possible way, and never gave any proper support to the movement. 
Since rifles could not be obtained from the Government for 
training purposes, the battalion, not to be beaten, purchased 
200 dummy rifles. They also raised money and bought entrench- 
ing tools. Army stretchers, bugles, fifes and drums, bayonet 
fighting appliances, etc., out of their battalion funds, finding their 
requests for these necessary appliances contemptuously ignored. 
Nor were any grants ever made for the payment of the rent of 
Headquarters, for the purchase of books, for stationery, postages, 
fees to caretakers, etc., and as it was decided not to appeal to the 
general public for assistance, the officers and men agreed to pay a 
weekly subscription to meet these liabilities. It must be admitted 
that to continue efficient amidst such an environment of obstacles 
and such an atmosphere of antagonism entitles our Croydon 
Volunteers to claim the possession of British bull-dog obstinacy 
in a very high degree : all honour to them. 

Weekly well-attended lectures on military engineering were 
given by Commandant Petrie to officers and men, and practical 
work was carried out in the digging of firing, cover and com- 
munication trenches, traversers, shelters, loopholes, etc., machine 
gun emplacements, revetting, making and fixing fascines, on 
ground at Norwood Junction, kindly lent by the L.B. & S.C. 
Railway Company. 

On the 20th September, 191 5, the battalion was allotted by 
the London District Command the construction of a portion of 
the Outer London Defences at Willey Farm, Caterham and 
Aldercombe. This was completed on the i6th December, 1917, 
the time taken over the work being 90,000 hours. 



io6 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

General Sir Josceline Wodehouse, K.C.B., C.M.G., (Com- 
manding the Surrey Volunteer Regiment) inspected the trench 
digging at Caterham, on 7th October, 1917, and " had the 
greatest pleasure in congratulating all concerned in regard to the 
satisfactory reports furnished him by the officer in charge of the 
works, as to the intelligence displayed by the working parties, 
and their ability in revetting and draining." [In one place a 
drain nine feet deep was under construction.] 

The officers and men were paid by the Government, for 
refreshments, 5d. per six hours of work. The work was very 
arduous and was carried out in all kinds of weather, every day 
in the week ; the largest attendances being on holidays, Saturday 
afternoons and Sundays. Great praise was gained from the 
General Officer Commanding London and District, Major General 
Sir Francis Lloyd, K.C.B., D.S.O., for the excellent work done. 
This was no doubt owing to the practical training the officers 
and men had previously received at Norwood Junction, under the 
direction and supervision of Commandant Petrie. 

The battalion furnished the largest number of officers and 
men per week of any battalion engaged upon the defences. 
Great credit is due to Platoon Commanders Cook, Turner and 
Tough (the battalion entrenching officers) for the excellent 
manner all ranks carried out their duties, especially as numbers 
of the men were usually occupied in sedentary occupations, and 
were therefore not accustomed to wielding a pick, shovel or axe. 
Even the Commandant and the other officers were under the 
instructions of the platoon commanders, and " dug " and 
" delved " with the rest. A sergeant was heard on one occasion 
to say that it was only on these defences that the Commandant 
and officers did any real hard work ; but that was a humorous 
calumny. 

By the permission of the G.O.C. Eastern Command, a 
standing camp was formed at Aldercombe during August and 
September, 1916. The tents, blankets, tables, forms and cooking 
utensils were provided free of cost from Government Stores, the 
provision of water, food, etc., was made at the cost of the battalion. 
The camp was well attended at week ends, and during holidays. 
Work was carried out on the defences during the day for a period 
of ten to twelve hours, for which work officers and men received 
from the Government daily pay (is. 8d. per day of twenty-four 
hours) ; if any man left the camp at the end of twelve hours, he 
received only lod. for that day. The site of the camp, and the 
weather was ideal ; and it was extraordinary how everyone at 
once settled down to camp life, seeing that for many of them it 
was the first experience of feeding in the open and sleeping 



THE VOLUNTEERS (ist V.B. THE QUEEN'S) 107 

under canvas. All worked hard, and with excellent spirit, and 
not a single " grouse " was heard during the whole of the time 
the camp was standing ; although backs often ached and hands 
were usually blistered. At no time, owing to the excellent 
discipline, was any man put in the guard-tent or paraded before 
the Camp Commandant. The camp was run on strict military 
lines. After working hours, guards were mounted and all 
officers and men took turns for duty. The cooking was carried 
out in an excellent manner by the battalion cook and his staff. 
Cricket and swimming matches were arranged in the evenings 
with other Volunteer battalions who were camping in the district, 
the battalion being so fortunate as to win every cricket and 
swimming match they contested. 

Lectures on map reading and field sketching with practical 
work, on Riddlesdown and other places in the county, were given 
to the officers and N.C.O.'s by Commandant Petrie. The whole 
of the officers and N.C.O.'s of the battalion attended the lectures 
and practical work, and showed great interest in the subject. 
The knowledge obtained was found to be exceedingly useful at 
a later date to both officers and N.C.O.'s, when taking part in 
the numerous field operations, etc., that were carried out. 
Lectures on musketry were given to officers and N.C.O.'s by an 
officer of the Royal Naval Division, Cr}'stal Palace. The 
attendance and results obtained were excellent. Good practice 
was carried out on the miniature Rifle Ranges, every officer, 
N.C.O. and man was an efficient shot, and ninety per cent, were 
first class shots. Classes were formed for officers for instruction 
in bayonet fighting, by Commandant Petrie and Adjutant Thomas. 
The officers all qualified as instructors. Emergency parades (the 
companies parading at their different drill centres and m.arching 
to a given spot in a prescribed time) were held at short notices, 
and the officers, N.C.O.'s and men responded readily in large 
numbers in spite of the inconvenience to many of them owing to 
business and other calls. 

On Sunday the 27th February, 1916, one of the most interest- 
ing operations the battalion had been engaged upon up to this 
time, took place in Holmwcod Park (near Keston Common), the 
seat of the Countess of Derby, in conjunction with the 4th West 
Kent Fencibles, Volunteer Training Corps. The 4th West Kent 
Fencibles, commanded by Commandant Dawson, represented a 
hostile convoy attempting to pass through the park. The i/ist 
battalion Surrey V.T.C., commanded by Commandant Petrie, 
represented the defending force ; and after some very skilful 
manoeuvring, the convoy was duly captured by the i/ist 
battalion. Excellent work was done by all ranks, especially by 
the Cyclists section of the i/ist battalion. The chief umpires 



io8 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

were officers of the regular Army, and it was the first time they 
had seen V.T.C. men at work. They were very much surprised 
at the disciphne maintained, and also at the thoroughness shown 
by all ranks in carrying out the operations, the scheme being 
admittedly a difficult one. The ambulance section of the i/ist 
battalion Surrey V.T.C. dressed and bandaged the imaginary 
■casualties from the firing line. Each casualty had a card pinned 
on his coat, stating the nature of his supposed injuries, and all 
bandages had to be improvised from any materials lying about 
the park grounds. After dressing and bandaging the injuries of 
the casualties on the spot behind the firing line, where they had 
been brought, the stretcher bearers carried them to the casualty 
station, when the work was criticised by the principal medical 
officer in charge of the V.A.D. The section was highly com- 
plimented by the P.M.O. on the excellent manner in which the 
impromptu bandaging, etc., had been carried out. 

On Sunday, May 21st, igi6, field operations were carried 
out on Farthing Downs under the direction of General Wodehouse 
the Commandant of the entire Regiment, by the i/ist and 2/ist 
battalions of the Surrey Volunteer Training Corps, under the 
command of Captain and Adjutant E. H. Ronca, and Captain 
Loughborough, respectively. The latter, a very keen officer, had 
succeeded Colonel Quin in the command of the 2/ist. The total 
strength, of over 600, included signallers, cyclists, and ambulance 
sections, and each battalion had its Bugle Band. With the day 
gloriously fine, and the undulating country looking its best, the 
Volunteers thoroughly enjoyed the operations. 

The Cyclists section of the battalion was a very strong and 
capable one. It was commanded by Lieutenant Leleu, a very 
energetic and keen officer. Their knowledge of the roads, etc., 
of the county was excellent, and the reports and sketches of the 
main and secondary roads, water and gas mains, telegraph and 
telephone services, railway stations, goods yards, etc., were 
extremely well written and drawn. For some unaccountable 
reason, in May, 1916, when the V.T.C. 's were recognized by the 
Government and brought under the Volunteer Acts, it was 
decided that all Cyclists sections were to be disbanded, a decision 
which was much regretted and resented by the men. In con- 
sequence, a very large proportion of the men resigned and the 
excellent services of these Volunteers were lost to the movement. 

The Signalling section (Buzzer, Morse and Semaphore) was 
an excellent one, which worked assiduously to perfect itself and 
master the many intricate problems of this fascinating subject. 
It rendered very valuable services to the battalion when on field 
operations, manoeuvres, etc., and every credit is due to Platoon 



35 




36 




Machine Gun Team, 
First Volunteer Batialion, "The Queen's " 



THE VOLUNTEERS (ist V.B. THE QUEEN'S) 109 

Commander Player for the high state of efficiency the section 
attained. The men provided at their own cost the necessary 
equipment. 

The battaUon was also enabled to form a Machine Gun 
section, under Company Commander E. H. Ronca, and Company 
Sergt.-Major P. E. Walls, owing to the kind generosity of the 
Hon. Commandant of the battalion (Sir Frederick Edridge) who 
presented to the battalion an excellent model of the " Vickers " 
Machine Gun. Classes were formed, they were well attended, 
and the section quickly became efficient. 

The Ambulance section was under the excellent supervision 
of Dr. B. T. Parsons-Smith, M.D., B.S., M.R.C.S., Medical 
Officer of the battalion. The whole of the section passed the 
St. John's Ambulance Association examination at the first sitting. 
Several members of the section rendered great service during 
the air raid over Croydon in October, 191 5 — attending to the 
injured, conveying them to the hospital, removing the dead, etc. 

During 1916, 300 " Derby " recruits (not members of the 
battalion), as soon as they were attested, and while they were 
awaiting their calling-up notice, attended the drills set apart for 
them. They were trained gratuitously, and were extremely keen 
in gaining all the knowledge and drill that was possible before 
joining the Army. A large number after joining their units wrote 
to Commandant Petrie, expressing their deep appreciation of the 
instruction imparted to them, and of the patience exercised by 
the Instructors during their training with the Volunteers, which 
had enabled them to escape the drudgery of the recruit course 
on the barrack square. When joining up and going through their 
first recruit drill the officers would often ask them if they had not 
been in the army before, and were rather surprised when they 
repHed : " No, but we did training with the i/ist Battalion 
Surrey V.T.C." j. 

On the 19th May, 1916, the Government decided that all 
battalions of the V.T.C. should be brought under the Volunteer 
Acts, 1863 to 1900 ; and should thenceforth be controlled by the 
County Territorial Force Associations. Therefore the i/ist 
Battalion Surrey Volunteer Training Corps, with its 16 officers, 
484 Warrant Officers, N.C.O.'s and men (the reduction from 
previous strength being due entirely to enlistment in His Majesty's 
Forces) became the " ist Battalion Surrey Volunteer Regiment," 
and the 2/ist Battalion Surrey Volunteer Training Corps became 
the " 1 2th Battalion Surrey Volunteer Regiment." The General 
Headquarters of the Surrey Volunteer Regiment were at Victoria 
Embankment, London, the Hon. Commandant being Hon. Colonel 
Lord Ashcombe (Lord Lieutenant of Surrey), the County 



no CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

Commandant Major-General F, C. Beatson, and the County 
Adjutant, Major G. A. Williams. The i/ist Battalion of the 
Surrey Volunteer Regiment had its Headquarters at 2, Poplar 
Walk, Croydon, the Hon. Commandant being Lieutenant- 
Colonel J. M. Newnham, O.B.E., LL.D., D.L. (Town Clerk of 
Croydon), and Major James Petrie, the Commanding Officer. 
The 1 2th Battalion of the Surrey Volunteer Regiment had its 
Headquarters at 15, Cherry Orchard Road, Croydon, the Hon. 
Commandant being Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Frederick Edridge, 
D.L., and Major T. W. Loughborough the Commanding Officer. 

On Sunday, ist October, 1916, the entire Surrey Volunteer 
Regiment was inspected at Duppas Hill, Croydon, by Major 
General Sir F. Lloyd, whose opinion is given by General Wode- 
house, the Officer Commanding the Regiment, in the following 
letter :— 

2f'd October, 19 16. 
To Officers Commanding all Battalions, 
Surrey Volunteer Regiment. 

General Sir Josceline Wodehouse wishes to convey to all 
ranks of the Surrey Volunteer Regiment his very sincere feelings 
of appreciation of their appearance on parade at Croydon on 
Sunday. 

Major-General Sir Francis Lloyd, Commanding the London 
District, in the regretted absence, owing to illness, of Field 
Marshal Viscount French, expressed in most appropriate com- 
plimentary words his satisfaction at the appearance of the 
Regiment on parade, and of the inspiring sight of such numbers 
of men willing and eager to serve their country in its time of 
need. 

What he said will. General Wodehouse hopes, be communi- 
cated to all ranks and be an incentive to continue with sustained 
zeal their efforts to attain an ever increasing efficiency. 

The absence of the Lord Lieutenant under circumstances 
which evoke the deep sympathy of the Regiment in which he 
takes so deep an interest. General Wodehouse feels sure was 
regretted by all. 

By order, 

(Signed) G. A. Williams, Colonel 

Secretary, Surrey Territorial Force Association. 

On Sunday, 27th May, 191 7, the ist, 9th and nth battalions 
of the Surrey Volunteer Regiment, under the command of 
Brigadier General F. C. Beatson, were inspected on Duppas Hill 
by the Lord Lieutenant of the County — Colonel Lord Ashcombe, 
C.B., T.D. 



THE VOLUNTEERS (ist V.B. THE QUEEN'S) iii 

In all the glory of an ideal English summer morning, 1,163 
officers, N.C.O.'s and men took part in the operations, movements 
and march past. For over an hour the movements were carried 
out very smartly ; the battalions then marched past in column 
and close column, with commendable precision, keeping a splendid 
line, and showing little trace of the fatiguing operations they had 
already accomplished, although they wore their hea\'y kit as 
ordered. The inspection was witnessed by a large assembly of 
interested onlookers, who cheered the men heartily. Lord 
Ashcombe addressing the men said that " the movements were a 
great credit to troops who did not live in barracks. There was 
swing and ease about their drill, orders were promptly and quicldy 
carried out, and everybody seemed to be in place and to know 
what to do. The whole parade did great credit to everybody 
concerned." 

Detachments of the Croydon Police, under Chief Inspector 
G. Lovie, and the Special Constabulary, under Chief Inspector 
H. C. Svvaine, were on duty on the ground during the parade. 

On the same date the 12th battalion under Major T. W. 
Loughborough were also inspected, on Farthing Downs, by Lord 
Ashcombe, and after the inspection the battahon carried out an 
attack in open formation, concluding with a charge. Lord 
Ashcombe congratulated Major Loughborough on the excellent 
work of the battahon. 

On the 27th July, 19 17, the ist battalion Surrey Volunteer 
Regiment was allotted an area for guarding railway lines on the 
L.B. & S.C. railway around Croydon, i Captain, 2 Subalterns, 
I Warrant Officer, 15 N.C.O.'s and 93 men were detailed for 
this duty. They were thoroughly rehearsed in the duties of 
guarding and patrolling the line, and after a short time were 
fully competent to carry out their duties whenever required. 
The Royal Defence Corps subsequently took over these duties. 

On the 24th April, 1917, the Signalling section of the ist 
battalion was detailed to man the Buzzer telegraph station at East 
Croydon Railway station, and that of the 12th battalion to man 
the Buzzer stations at South Croydon and Oxted Railway stations, 
and both sections were very highly commended by the Defence 
Commander, Colonel R. E. Golightly, for the excellence of their 
work. 

During March, 1917, on instructions from the War OfRce, 
grey-green uniform was issued to the battalion, free of cost to 
the W.O.'s, N.C.O.'s and men. In June, 1917, the Government 
further issued to the battalion, rifles, side arms and equipment, 
which enabled the men to be trained in musketry and to fire the 



112 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

classification courses as laid down by the War Office. The 
rifle was the 19 14 pattern fitted with orthoptic sights, an excellent 
shooting weapon. Musketry classes were irnmediately formed ; 
and the officers, W.O.'s, N.C.O.'s and men quickly atta-ned a 
high state of efficiency. The classification courses were shot on 
the Marden Park range, and excellent results were obtained ; a 
very large percentage of the men passing as ist class shots. 

The first camp under the control of the War Office was held 
in Richmond Park during August, 1917, under the command of 
Lieutenant-Colonel Heskett-Smith . 

The training was varied and strenuous, it included signal, 
platoon, company, and battalion drill, route marching, field 
manoeuvres, and outpost duties. Its intensity may be judged 
from the order of the day : — 

Reveille . . . 5.30 a.m. 

First Parade . .6.15 a.m. 

Breakfast . . 7.30 a.m. 

Second Parade . 8.15 a.m. 

Drills till . . 1.30 p.m. 

Third Parade . . 2.15 p.m. 

Drills till . . 6.0 p.m. 

The good spirits of the men, their smartness on parade 
and at drill were the subject of much favourable comment 
amongst the officers of other battalions. Their esprit de corps 
and keenness were evinced by the cheerful way in which they 
carried their fully laden packs and rifles for four hours on the 
Saturday afternoon without a break, and still were able to swing 
into camp with a style which would not have discredited any 
battalion of Kitchener's Army. The camp was pitched in ideal 
surroundings, and all arrangements were adequate, but the heavy 
rain during the week previous to the men going into camp had 
converted the most frequented portions of the camp — such as 
the road to the cook-house and canteen — into a miniature morass. 
Major-General Beatson, C.B., the Surrey County Commandant, 
visited the camp'on the Monday, and unhesitatingly awarded 
first place to the ist Surreys (Croydon) for the tidiness and 
military neatness of their lines. During the field manoeuvres it 
was the opinion of the instructional officers that the ist Surreys 
were the best trained and most alert body of men engaged. 

On the ist March, 1918, the ist and 12th battalions of the 
Surrey Volunteer Regiment were amalgamated, now becoming 
the " ist V.B. The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment)," 
Major James Petrie, O.B.E., being appointed Commanding 
Officer, Major T. W. Loughborough, Second in Command, and 



THE VOLUNTEERS (ist V.B. THE QUEEN'S) 113 

Major F. A. Searle Hilton, Adjutant. [It must be noted that the 
rank of Major was the highest rank the War Office allowed to the 
Commanding Officer of any Volunteer battalion.] 

The training was carried on with redoubled vigour, a large 
number of field operations, outpost schemes, etc., being carried 
out on Sundays under the supervision of the Headquarters London 
District and the Corps Commandant, Major General Beatson, 
and the Group Commander, Major General Tulloch. 

Four detachments of officers and other ranks, and one 
Hotchkiss gun team, attended at Pirb right and Purfleet new 
field-firing ranges on Sundays, and carried out the " practice 
in attack " under the direct supervision of the Headquarters staff, 
London district. They obtained the highest percentage of 
points in the attack, and hits on the target, of any of the Volunteer 
detachments attending. 

A camp at Tadworth for Volunteers under the Brigade of 
Guards was held from the 2nd to the 6th August, 1918 (inclusive). 
A large number of officers, W.O.'s, N.C.O.'s and men attended. 
The battalion was a composite one, formed of companies 
representing the ist, 2nd and 3rd V.B.'s The Queen's, under the 
command of Major James Petrie, with Major F. A. Searle-Hinton 
as Group Adjutant. The training was arranged by the Guards 
Camp staff. It was arduous but thorough, and carried out under 
strict service conditions. The battalion greatly benefited by the 
excellent training laid down and carried out. The weather was 
not on its best behaviour, and all ranks realized to the full the 
difficulties the overseas troops encountered as regards muddy 
roads, wet clothes, etc. There were no cases of illness in camp, 
and the battalion left with a clean bill of health. 

The battalion during their stay in camp were inspected by 
Major General Sir Francis Lloyd, G.O.C. London district. 

A Special Service Company for defence duties on the east 
coast was formed of 4 officers, 3 W.O.'s, 12 N.C.O.'s and 36 men 
(total 55), and did duty for three months around Norwich under 
the command of Major Loughborough. They were highly 
praised by the Commanding and Inspecting Officers for their 
cleanliness and steadiness on parade, and attention to all duties ; 
the training was very severe, but enjoyed by all. They were the 
only Volunteers on the east coast defences that had been 
previously instructed in anti-gas duties. 

15 N.C.O.'s and men manned the Searchlight stations at 
Croydon during the air raids, and rendered very valuable assistance 
to the regular staff at the stations. 

H 



114 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

The whole of the officers and a large number of the W.O.'s 
and N.C.O.'s took and passed, with ist class certificates, 
a six-weeks' course of thorough and practical military training in 
all branches at the London District School of Instruction under the 
supervision of the General Officer Commanding London District. 
Many other specialist courses were taken at the expense of much 
time and energy by various officers, N.C.O.'s and men, to the 
great benefit of the battalion. 

In 1918 Hon. Lieutenant-Colonel J. M. Newnham, O.B.E., 
LL.D., D.L., was appointed (after Colonel Sir Frederick Edridge's 
retirement owing to illness) to the Hon. Command of the battalion. 

Shortly after the Armistice was declared (nth November, 
1 91 8) the War Office issued instructions for all rifles, side arms, 
Hotchkiss machine guns, ammunition, etc., to be returned to 
stores, and announced that it was no longer necessary to insist 
upon men carrying out their obligation to drill. This order 
naturally broke up the Volunteer Force, except so far as it was 
kept together for a few months by means of physical training 
classes. 

The Volunteer Force from its inception in 19 14 until March, 
1917, when the " grey-green " uniform was issued free of cost 
by the War Office, had, as has already been said, met with every 
possible official discouragement, but in spite of all the indifference 
and worse, of the authorities, it continued to exist in vigour and 
to show that it intended to carry out the patriotic principles for 
which it was formed, viz., to train (long and hard) in order to 
reach a high standard of efficiency, so as to be able to protect 
the country from invasion. Croydon has every reason to be 
proud of its Volunteers for " sticking it," and for reaching, in 
spite of colossal discouragements, the high standard of efficiency 
the local battalion obtained, as shown by the repeated opinions 
of competent military judges. 

Until March, 1917, the battalion provided its own funds for 
working the battalion, no public appeal for funds being made. 
The only exceptions were a grant of £150 kindly given by the 
Croydon Corporation in 191 6- 17 to the ist battalion Surrey 
Volunteer Regiment, and one of j^ 100 to the 12th battalion Surrey 
Volunteer Regiment, and one of 5^400 in the year 1 917-18 to the 
ist Volunteer battahon The Queen's. 

The battalion was pronounced by the London District 
command very efficient in all duties, and 90 per cent, of the men 
passed the " Musketry Classification " laid down by the War 
Office, the battalion securing the proud position of first place of all 
Volunteer Battalions under the London District. This position 



THE VOLUNTEERS (ist V.B. THE QUEENS) 115 

is entirely due to the whole of the members of the battalion 
working in union, and studying and working had to perfect 
themselves as soldiers. 

The whole of the W.O.'s, N.C.O.'s and men had been 
disbanded and had received their discharge certificate by the 
31st October, 1919. In January, 1920, when these lines are 
written, the officers are still on the Active List, awaiting their 
gazetting-out. On 30th September, 191 9 (just prior to dis- 
bandment), the strength of the ist V.B. The Queen's (R.W.S. 
Regiment) was 32 Officers and 846 W.O.'s, N.C.O.'s and men, 
and it was carrying on at that time no less than twelve training 
centres. 

Few persons knew (certainly not the present Editor) the fine 
soldierly efficiency the Croydon Volunteers attained, except of 
course those either in the force or closely in touch with it. Had 
the disaster occurred which these men so patriotically prepared 
against, at such considerable cost to themselves in every way, 
any one reading this brief and condensed account must be 
convinced they would have encountered it most valiantly and 
successfully. We must all honour our Volunteers. 



XIV. The Boy Scouts 

No history of War-time England would be complete without 
some note of the doings of the Boy Scouts. In Croydon, as 
elsewhere, the most welcome sound that could be heard after 
long anxious waiting on many an air-raid night was their bugles 
blowing the two brief bright notes of the " All Clear." This 
picturesque and much appreciated service was only one of many 
performed by the Boy Scouts, and the following all too brief 
outline of those which were rendered under the direction of the 
Croydon Boy Scouts' Association, will not only be interesting, 
it will be a revelation to many people. There were about i,ooo 
Scouts at the end of the War; there are now nearer 1,500. 
Many of the former Scouts who joined up are returning as 
officers, and this excellent Boy-Scouts movement shows even 
greater vitality now than in the past. 

Coast Patrols. — During August, 1914, two mixed 
patrols of Croydon Scouts (from the ist, 7th, loth, 23rd and 25th 
Troops) assisted the military authorities by patroUing the coast 
of Kent from Pegwell Bay to Dungeness, a distance of about 
45 miles. Some remained a week and some longer, until relieved 
by local Scouts. They were very favourably reported on. They 
started off at a very short notice, bicycling down to Hythe, where 
they had to report themselves for order, and bivouacking on the 
way. 

Another party of 19 Croydon Scouts, of the 22nd Croydon 
Troop, under Scoutmaster Linton, were employed to assist the 
military transport authorities at Newhaven, from October, 1014 
to January, 1915, and were reported on as having acquitted 
themselves most creditably. 

A coast patrol of Croydon Boy Scouts under Scoutmaster 
Linton, was stationed at Littlehampton from January, 1915, until 
the beginning of 1916, when the Scoutmaster had to join the Army. 
The boys took their turn at coast patrolling by night under a 
Coastguardsman and also at look-out duty by day. They also 
assisted in beaching, towing, mooring and launching seaplanes. 
Scoutmaster Linton received a letter from Flight Commander 
F. J. Bailey, R.N.A.S., thanking the patrol for their invaluable 
service in saving his seaplane. The boys lived in a coastguard 
cottage, and did their own cooking and washing, taking turn and 
turn about. 



THE BOY SCOUTS 117 

Piqueting Railway Stations .\nd Bridges. — During the 
month of August, 19 14, a piquet of 21 Senior Scouts and Scout- 
masters guarded South Croydon Station and the adjacent bridges, 
under the supervision of the MiUtary Officer in charge of the 
Croydon Section of the L.B. & S.C. Railway, and on being 
relieved, received a letter of thanks for their good work from the 
Officer in charge of the line, as follows : — 

" To Scoutmaster G. A. Ogden, 
Commanding Scout Piquet, 
South Croydon Station. 

I find it difficult to express my gratitude, but I hope you will 
give to all concerned my most sincere thanks for the work so 
nobly done. 

{Signed) Boyton, 

Lieut. City of London Fusiliers." 

Other Activities. — From the outbreak of war Croydon 
Boy Scouts did good service for the Croydon War Supplies 
Clearing House by collecting parcels and acting as messengers. 

Throughout the War the Scouts collected waste paper for 
the benefit of the Prince of Wales' National Relief Fund. By an 
arrangement with Messrs, Lloyds, Paper Manufacturers, the 
latter paid so much per ton of paper, sent to them by the Scouts, 
direct into the National Relief Fund, and from this source, during 
the four years, ;^57o was acquired. A special letter of thanks 
dated nth February, 1916, was sent for this service to the 
Croydon Boy Scouts by the Prince of Wales. 

In 19 1 6 a letter of thanks was received from the Secretary 
of the Croydon Branch of the Red Cross Committee for services 
rendered during Red Cross week. 

Letters of thanks for valuable assistance by the Croydon 
Boy Scouts, were received during February, 1917, from the 
Secretary of the Lord Mayor's Committee, Metropolitan War 
Loan Campaign ; from the Secretary of the Croydon Vacant 
Lands Cultivation Society ; and from the Secretary of the 
Croydon Borough Guild of Help. 

Many Troops supplied Boy Scouts to assist regularly at 
Soldiers' Canteens and Recreation Rooms. 

Many Croydon Scouts did orderly and fatigue work at War 
Hospitals. 

Many Croydon Scouts assisted in collecting for St. Dunstan's 
Home for the Blind, Regent's Park, London. 



ii8 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

In 1916 they raised by their earnings ,^32 14s. 4d. towards a 
Boy Scout Motor-Ambulance for France. 

In November, 1918, the boys raised about ^zk,, by giving an 
entertainment in aid of Dr, Barnado's Home for Boys, at the 
Boys' Garden City, Woodford, where funds were suffering owing 
to the War. 

Boy Scout Buglers regularly turned out to sound the " All 
Clear *' after air raids. 

All the above services were done willingly and gratuitously, 
and in addition to those specially here mentioned hundreds of 
other small individual services were rendered. 

There are 72 recorded cases of men, formerly Croydon Boy 
Scouts, who laid down their lives for their country in the Great 
War. 



37 




I'll,. I., by Howard M. Kins 

Councillor Colonel John P'ranklin Worli.edge 
District Commissioner, Croydon Boy Scouts 



38 




Captain David Barrie, H.L.I., Recruiting Officer for Croydon 



Part Three 
SEMI-MILITARY SERVICES 



I. Recruiting 



One of the first duties undertaken by the Mayor (Alderman 
Denning) and those who most closely associated themselves with 
him in his work in the early days of the War was recruiting, 
not only for the local regiments but for the Army generally. 
The Mayor himself, Mr. Ian Malcolm, M.P., Canon White- 
Thomson, Colonel Sir Frederick T. Edridge, Colonel F. D. 
Watney, the officers of the Queen's, the Town Clerk, Dr. E. H. 
W^illock, Mr. Alfred Moir (afterwards Councillor), Councillor 
William Peet and Sergeant Nicholas were continually addressing 
meetings in the open air and at the theatres and other places 
of amusement throughout the town. On the 3rd November, 
1 9 14, Admiral Lord Charles Beresford addressed a mass meeting 
at the Central Baths Hall. The tramcars were placarded with 
large and effective appeals. Towards the end of 1914 the 
official organization got fully to work. 

The division of Surrey for recruiting purposes was at first 
between the Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment), with 
Headquarters at Guildford, taking the Southern half of the 
County, and the East Surrey Regiment, with Headquarters at 
Eangston, taking the Northern half. This was found for many 
reasons inconvenient in practice, and therefore in March, 1916, 
it was arranged that for recruiting purposes Croydon should be 
under Kingston and not under Guildford, while the district 
containing Weybridge, Egham and Chertsey, an awkwardly 
placed area formerly under Kingston, should now in return be 
placed under Guildford. Therefore, after the date named, 
Colonel H. P. Treeby, D.S.O., the Commandant of the East 
Surrey Regiment, became the responsible officer for recruiting 
for Croydon ; and immediately under him was Colonel F. W. 
Hyde Edwards, with Captain David Barrie as his chief repre- 
sentative in Croydon. 

[A word as to the East Surrey Regiment seems to be 
necessary here. 

The East Surrey Regiment came into being in the great 
rearrangement of 1881 ; its ist battalion being the famous old 
31st of the line (the Huntingdonshires) whose colours carry many 
battle honours, from Dettingen in 1743 (the last fight in which 
a King of England, George H., actually commanded in person), 
down to Suakin in 1885 ; and its 2nd battalion being the old 
70th of the line. Two Surrey militia regiments were added to 
these, in order to form the new '* East Surrey Regiment."] 



122 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

Some of the more important of the public efforts to stimulate 
recruiting may now be mentioned. One of the earliest of these 
took place on 30th January, 191 5, when a Football Match and 
Recruiting Rally were held at Selhurst ; 19 motor cars came from 
Kingston Barracks in procession to take part. The band of the 
East Surrey Regiment played, the Mayor (Alderman Denning) 
and Colonel Sir Frederick Edridge and others spoke, and many 
recruits were obtained. 

On the iSth June following (Waterloo Day) a Recruiting 
Processional March of 2,325 troops, with bands, passed through 
the principal Croydon streets, finishing at the Town Hall, 
where speeches were delivered. This also produced excellent 
results. 

On loth July, 1915, a Motor-Car Recruiting Demonstration 
took place (in which 54 cars took part), organised by Mr. D. R. 
Harvest. Captain Barrie and others engaged considered that 
the crowd of spectators was the greatest Croydon had known up 
to that time. Colonel F. W. Hyde Edwards was in the pilot 
car with Mr. Harvest ; the first car of the 54 contained the 
Mayor, the Recorder, the Town Clerk, and the Vicar (Canon 
White-Thomson) ; and many well-known residents in Croydon 
filled the remainder. Balaclava Veterans, from both the 
famous charges,that of the Light Brigade and that of the Heavy 
Brigade, rode in the parade ; and bluejackets and khaki were of 
course in full evidence, five lorries-full of them. The cars 
and lorries covered three-quarters of a mile, and the route 
extended over every part of the Borough. Speeches were made 
at many principal points, and those cars which halted for this 
purpose were promptly used to carry off the recruits who pre- 
sented themselves straight to the Town Hall, then and there to 
be enrolled. 

Six days after the Motor Car Parade, Corporal Edward 
Dwyer, V.C., of the East Surrey Regiment, was received by the 
Mayor at the Town Hall amidst a distinguished company. His 
V.C. was one of the first to be won in the War ; and Corporal 
Dwyer earned it by his conspicuous bravery at " Hill 60." 
Corporal Dwyer's reception was of great use in the Recruiting 
Campaign, He was escorted to the Town Hall in procession, 
and a great recruiting meeting was held on the occasion. 

Lord Derby, finding the stirring appeals of Lord Kitchener 
for more men were insufficiently met, and also in order to avoid 
the evidently threatened resort to conscription, put forward a 
scheme in September, 1915, to assist voluntary recruiting, 
which was adopted by the Government, and he himself was 
appointed Director of Recruiting to carry it out. All men of 



39 




40 




Photo by R. Rawlings 



Col. Frank William Chatterton, C.I.E., J.P. 
Military Representative for Croydon Military Tribunals 



RECRUITING 123 

military age, already recorded on the National Register, were 
earnestly invited to attest their willingness to serve in the army 
when called upon. They were divided into 46 groups, the 
unmarried men forming the first 23 groups, ranked according 
to their ages from 18 to 40 ; and the married men forming the 
remaining 23 groups (24 to 46) similarly ranked according to 
age. Men attesting were not necessarily to be called up for 
service at once, the intention being to call up the groups in their 
order as they were required. 

On the 2nd October, 1915, 2,800 sailors and soldiers, 
regulars and territorials and volunteers, escorted by 12 bands 
and a fleet of armoured cars, marched through Croydon to 
stimulate recruiting under the Derby scheme. The march ended 
at the Town Hall, where Capt. Sir Edward Clark, V.T.C., the 
famous advocate, delivered a stirring address. Captain Barrie, 
Croydon's Recruiting Officer, had from first to last the pleasure 
of enrolling 10,000 men of Croydon for the Army under the 
Derby voluntary enlistment scheme ; largely in consequence of 
this demonstration, the most important of its kind in Croydon 
up to that time. The band of the Royal Marine Artillery 
played all the afternoon in front of the Town Hall, while the 
procession passed along the principal streets of the Borough in 
an imposing line of over a mile in length. At 5 o'clock the 
detachment of the Surrey Yeomanry reached the Town Hall, 
closely followed by men of the Royal Naval Division from the 
Crystal Palace, and Highlanders, pipes and all ; then cam.e 
armoured cars full of " Tommies," and after them the 24th 
Middlesex and the R.A.M.C. Our own 3/4th Queen's and the 
National Reser\'e and Surrey Guides were followed by the 
Whitgift Cadets and the Volunteer Training Corps, the long 
line ending with the Church Lads' Brigade, and of course the 
ubiquitous Boy Scouts, who always gave a bystander the 
impression that the War in some way existed for their especial 
behoof. In speaking at the Town Hall the Mayor (Alderman 
Denning) distinguished between the present and previous great 
recruiting parades. Heretofore he had been endeavouring to 
recruit Croydon men for Croydon's regiment (The Queen's) ; 
but now he was appealing for all fit men from 19 to 30 to join 
any regiment they might prefer (and not forgetting the Navy 
either) and to join immediately. During the week the gravity 
of England's need had been made clear by Lord Kitchener. 
So far the Mayor ; and then there followed him the veteran, 
Captain Sir Edward Clark, K.C., whose uniform of the Volunteer 
Training Corps took many years from his age in appearance, 
and enabled him the more emphatically to urge men of his own 
standing to join the V.T.C. so as to set free younger men to go 
abroad, while, as he pointed out from his own experience, they 



124 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

incidentally derived great benefit to their own health and spirits. 
The great advocate was in his finest form, and his stirring speech 
had a great effect upon his hearers ; especially the fine peroration : 
" The man who serves his Country now, will have the right to 
speak with pride to his son hereafter." 

Nor must we forget the efforts of a devoted band of 
canvassers, who delivered a continuous and organised attack on 
unattested men. As the men presented themselves to attest 
they were examined by the doctors, who were kept hard at work. 
It was well understood by all the men, that attestation did not 
invariably mean being called up*for enlistment. Saturday, nth 
December, 19 15, closed this great effort. It ended in a terrible 
rush of attesters at all the recruiting stations on this closing 
Saturday, as many of us who took part, clerically or medically, 
well remember. But doctors and magistrates and their 
assistants stuck to their guns, and by midnight not one applicant 
was left without his papers. 

The close of Voluntary Recruiting took place at midnight 
ist March, 1916. 



II. The Military Tribunals 

On 2nd November, 1915, the Town Clerk read to'^the 
Corporation a letter from Mr. Walter Long, President of the 
Local Government Board, urging the Borough to assist the 
local Recruiting authorities under the " Derby Scheme " in 
their endeavour to obtain sufficient forces for our part in the 
Great War ; and especially to form a small Committee (not 
limited to members of the Corporation) to act as a Tribunal 
for attested men. Lord Kitchener's famous recruiting appeals, 
successful as they were, yet- had failed to produce the enormous 
number, and indeed the rapidly increasing number, of men 
required for the Army ; so that the necessity for conscription 
daily became more obvious. To avoid this system, so hated by 
our country. Lord Derby undertook a final recruiting campaign, 
as has already been recorded (Recruiting). In consequence, 
at this meeting, the Mayor (Alderman Denning), Aid. Sir 
Frederick Edridge, Aid. King, Aid. Betteridge, and Messrs. 
C. Heath Clark (afterwards Councillor ; and Mayor in 19 19), 
Savory (afterwards Councillor) and Allison (as representing 
labour) were appointed. 

The duty of the above (Derby) Tribunal was to assess the 
applications for release from active military service, of attested 
men, who, while having shown their willingness to help nationally, 
felt themselves for one reason or another unable to join the 
actual army. And Mr. Long, in English fashion, promised at 
the same time an Appeal Tribunal, covering a wider area, to 
which those aggrieved by the decisions of the local Tribunal 
migh' appeal. 

Mr. Long referred gratefully in his letter to the loyal help 
received from the Corporation in the preparation of the National 
Register, wherein we were all classified on census principles. 
This National Register was instituted by an Act 15th July, 1915, 
and under it the Council became the local Registration Authority 
with the duty of compiling and maintaining and classifying the 
Register. The Council delegated all this work to a special 
Committee consisting of the Mayor (Alderman Denning), the 
Deputy Mayor (Councillor Rogers, ex-Mayor), Alderman LiUico 
(ex-Mayor), and Councillors Houlder (Mayor in 1916), Wood 
Roberts, and West ; Councillor (afterwards Alderman) Rogers 
being the Chairman. The Committee entrusted the work to 
the Town Clerk, who, with the assistance of Mr. W. C. Cubitt, 



126 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

of the Rate Office, and some 612 volunteers, ladies and gentle- 
men, amongst whom were a large proportion of the teachers 
of our Elementary Schools and many members of the Special 
Constabulary, completed the men's Register on the nth 
September, and the women's Register on the 30th September. 
Apart from the work of enumeration these ladies and gentlemen 
put in no less than 4,059 attendances at the Town Hall. 
Members of the Corporation and School-attendance officers 
largely assisted, also quite in a voluntary capacity. The total 
cost of the Register, as far as the Borough was concerned, was 
therefore ridiculously small, being only ,^87 3s. iid. (Only one 
Croydon man refused to register, and he was fined ,^5 for his 
recusancy.) The well-earned thanks of the Council were 
given to these patriotic workers on 27th September, 1915, 
when the completion of the National Register was reported, 
for Croydon. 

When conscription came actually in sight the Derby 
Voluntary-attestation scheme was revived for one month (loth 
January to loth February, 1916, the latter being the date when 
conscription began), so that men might be spared the shame of 
compulsion. Many hundreds availed themselves of this privilege. 

On 2nd February, 1916, Croydon sustained the great loss 
of its first War Mayor, Alderman Denning ; and this in itself 
would have necessitated a change in the local (Derby) Tribunal. 
Moreover the MiHtary Service Act of 1916, imposing conscription, 
now came into force (loth February), with all the regulations 
for the work of a quite new Statutory Military Tribunal to be 
formed under that Act. This latter tribunal (of not less than 
5 nor more than 25 members) was recommended by Government 
to consist as far as possible of the same members as the (Derby) 
Tribunal previously appointed, although the functions of the two 
were not the same. The Council appointed as the new 
Statutory Military Tribunal under the Military Service Act, the 
following eight gentlemen : The Mayor (Alderman Houlder), 
and Aldermen Betteridge and King, Councillors C. Heath Clark, 
Rogers, and W. V. Smith, and Messrs. Jas. Chapman (ex- 
Councillor) and Savory (afterwards Councillor). When the work 
proved to be so very heavy the Corporation later on appointed 5 
extra members to the Tribunal : Aid. G. J. Allen, Councillors 
Pelton and Stevenson, Messrs. Dyer and Secretan. The Town 
Clerk was appointed the Clerk to the Tribunal, and had through- 
out the consistent and valuable help of Mr. A. C. Gower, the 
chief clerk in his department, as Assistant Clerk. Some time 
after the Tribunal had begun to sit the Croydon Hairdressers' 
Association made formal application that one of their body 
should be added to it on account of the importance and the 



THE MILITARY TRIBUNALS 127 

peculiar nature of their trade. A benighted pubUc had the 
audacity to smile and take no further notice. At the fame 
meeting it was reported to the Council that the Recorder of 
Croydon (Mr. Robt. F. Colam, K.C.), Colonel Sir Frederick 
Edridge, IVIr. Grimwade, and IVIr. Allison (as representing 
labour) had been appointed members on the Appeal Tribunal 
for Surrey and Croydon. 

Taking first the original Military Tribunal of seven under 
the Derby scheme for voluntary enlistment, this Tribunal began 
its work on Monday, loth January, 1916, starting with a list 
of over one hundred appeals from attested men against being 
called up. The militar}^ representative, Colonel F. W. Chatter- 
ton, CLE., of Upper Norwood, had the duty of holding the brief 
for the Army, and of seeing that no unfair appeals on the part 
of attested men passed the Tribunals. It was a great good 
fortune for Croydon that so scrupulously fair-minded a man as 
Colonel Chatterton held this post. It was an honorary post ; 
and it is doubtful whether Colonel Chatterton ever received the 
official recognition of his arduous services which he so 
thoroughly deserved. In many towns the military repre- 
sentatives seemed to think that all appeals were attempts to 
shirk a patriotic duty ; and some cruel decisions were enforced, 
and much needless heartburning was caused ; but in Croydon 
no appellant failed whose case for delay or for exemption was a 
reasonable one, and the decisions of the Tribunals met with 
universal approval. As the soldier-phrase has it, appellants, if 
defeated, " groused, but carried on." In the early days much 
valuable clerical and administrative work in connection with the 
Tribunals was done by Mr. J. T. Tompkins. Mr. G. F. Carter, 
M.I.C.E. (the Borough Engineer) was afterwards appointed 
assistant military representative to Col. Chatterton. 

Before coming up for judgment t) the (Derby) Tribunal 
the cases of all men were examined and classed by a small body 
of jRve, selected by the Croydon Recruiting Committee, who were 
assisted by Colonel Chatterton, the military representative. If 
an unmarried man (since these alone were first called up) claimed 
delay, for instance, this small advisory Committee might 
recommend, that is, practically grant it, in conjunction with 
Colonel Chatterton ; but if they did not think the case fit for 
delay they would refer it direct to the Tribunal, where Colonel 
Chatterton's duty was to present their reasons against the 
appellant's claim, and the Tribunal's to act as arbitrator, and 
decide. Even then, as above shown, there was an ultimate 
appeal to the Surrey and Croydon Appeal Tribunal, whose 
decision was final. But it must be noticed that none of these 
earlier bodies had any power altogether to excuse an attested 



128 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

man from service ; they could only go so far as to put him down 
into a class which would be called up later. Power of total 
exemption from service lay only with the supreme National 
Tribunal of that time, sitting in London. Voluntary recruiting 
had now had a fair trial, and Croydon's 10,000 voluntaries are 
worthy of all honour ; but too many able young men had shirked 
their duty, and the nation was in peril. Therefore Conscription, 
compulsory military service, against which we had fought to the 
last, abhorrent as it was to the English mind, had now to be 
suffered. Beyond the shirkers, and those who were honourably 
prevented from enlisting, there was also an exceedingly trouble- 
some residuum, though happily not numerous, of genuine 
" conscientious objectors," and a few " slackers" who were mean 
enough to borrow their cloak. 

After all men of military age had been classified, those in 
the lower categories, unfit men, had to find national work at 
home. How loyally they did this is shown in other chapters, 
e.g., those on the 4/4th Queen's, the Volunteers, the National 
Reserve, and the Special Constabulary, etc. ; work equally 
necessary, though not so glorious, as the heroic deeds of the men 
in the fighting line. 

We pass now to the more important second Tribunal, of 
February, 191 6. The first sitting of the Croydon Military 
Tribunal under the Conscription Act was held on 29th February, 
1916, some cases being heard in private, others in pubHc ; the 
Mayor (Councillor, afterwards Alderman, Houlder) being in the 
chair. The generality of the appeals for delay came from men 
the sole supports of dependents ; from men in necessary 
occupations (such as that of schoolmaster), especially if coupled 
with such feeble health as promised the army but a weakly 
soldier ; from men claiming to be indispensable to a necessary 
office or business ; from men in certain certified occupations ; 
from men asking for delay to settle up their business ; 
and from men asserting medical unfitness, who were of course 
referred to the Medical Board at Kingston for examination and 
report. 

It is amusing to notice that at a meeting on 3rd March, 
1916, when considering an appHcation for exemption, or long 
delay, say over three months, the Town Clerk voicing the general 
opinion of the Tribunal, replied to Mr. R. J. Clark (soHcitor for 
the appellant), " Well, we hope the War will be over by June," 
and all the Tribunal cried " Hear, hear," with hopeful unanimity. 

Several conscientious objectors, after compulsory enlistment, 
came into the hands of the police for desertion. As a sample 
of the trials of patience of the magistrates who tried them we 



THE MILITARY TRIBUNALS 129 

may give just one case in brief. W.O.P, deserted, was caught, 
and handed over by the Bench to an escort of the R.G.A., and 
promptly gave his escort the slip. This however, was too tame 
for a crank ; so he proceeded voluntarily to the Thornton Heath 
Police Station and demanded to be taken into custody to be 
tried again. " You escaped from the escort ? " he was asked ; 
and replied " No, I did not, because I never joined the Army, 
the Army joined me. Therefore, if I had an opportunity to get 
away, I was free to do so," etc., etc. And against another 
conscientious objector (probably not of the genuine type) it was 
objected by the authorities that at the work of national importance 
which he had selected, as a condition of being excused combatant 
service, he worked one day, but immediately thereafter rested 
two ! 

In June, 1916, working three days or more a week, and 
sitting in two divisions, each of which not infrequently sat for 
four hours at a time, the Croydon Military Tribunal swiftly 
reduced the list of 2,000 appeals with which it began its career. 
Proceedings gradually settled into a regular order, cases being 
dealt with as they arose, without arrears ; and they became more 
and more formal and almost dull (to bystanders) as the claims 
resolved themselves into well established categories ; but 
occasionally the sittings were enlivened by flashes of natural 
humour. Thus : — " Exempted till March," said the Chairman. 
" I am not satisfied with that," said the claimant. " Then we 
withdraw the exemption, sharp," said the Chairman. But he 
spoke to an empty chair ; the claimant had already fled, seeing 
that it was too dangerous to remain. And another time, when 
some members of the Tribunal themselves were in trouble 
through burst pipes in time of frost, it was remarkable even for 
people enjoying a certified occupation how rapidly plumbers 
appealing were dismissed satisfied, with scarcely a pause between 
entry and exit. On the other hand, not infrequently the 
Tribunal were bound to give, most unwillingly, decisions which 
though according to the inexorable facts were bound to cause 
extreme hardship. In such cases everything possible was done 
in mitigation. A curious and almost inexplicable experience was 
the number of persons passed by the military doctors as medically 
fit for active service who (as in the case of one applicant with 
severe valvular disease of the heart, and of another who not 
infrequently had three epileptic seizures in one week) were in 
daily danger of collapse in their ordinary occupations. The 
Croydon Military Tribunal made very short work in honourably 
dismissing these poor fellows ; but what can one think of the 
examining " medico "? 



130 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

In September, 1 917, we notice a case, by no means isolated, 
of a man rejected as unfit in 1915, passed for sedentary work in 

1916, and now passed as fit. Of course, as soon as these facts 
appeared he was dismissed as unfit by the Tribunal. And at 
the next sitting a young man, suffering from hernia, who was 
discharged from the Army in 19 15 as unfit, and had married 
and gone into business, was now called up again, in October, 

1917. In homely language the Chairman described it as " a bit 
hard on a chap," and gave him some months' respite. 

A touching appeal was that by a widow (2nd November, 
1917) for her eleventh son ; her sole support, and engaged in 
War-work, while all her other ten sons were then actually serving ; 
five had been wounded, two were now prisoners in Germany, 
and one was prisoner in Turkey. Needless to say her application 
was granted, and the Mayor complimented her upon her very 
fine record. " Moreover," said the military representative, 
always ready to sympathise with genuine patriotism, " all the 
eleven sons are equally proud of their mother ! " 

One of the cruellest hardships of this conscription time was 
the calling up of a man from his business, in which he had made 
a good start and was likely to do well ; and his returning later 
dismissed as unfit, only to find his business dispersed and himself 
once more at the very foot of the ladder. The Tribunal became 
acquainted with many such cases. 

Sometimes, though rarely, we were reminded of the old 
press-gang times, by organised raids ; as for instance a descent 
upon the Hippodrome and Empire Theatres at Croydon by the 
recruiting authorities, when all men of military age were sent 
forward to the Town Hall to explain their presence. On this 
occasion 70 men went as requested, the requests being made 
with complete civility and being fulfilled cheerfully and even with 
jocularity, although one man at least " lost the last train." It 
is pleasant to add that on this occasion (8th September, 1916) 
only one shirker was found out of the 70 detained. And it is 
also pleasant to note the kindly aspect of both sides not only 
on this but also on all other occasions of the kind. Some curious 
particulars occur in their reports which are worth noting. 

Of forms received from other towns relating to Croydon 
absentees, on the 15th August, 1915, there were over 9,000 ; and 
during six months 4,000 people came into residence at Croydon 
and 3,000 went away. It seems a large fluctuation of population 
for war-time. Even the changes of address, of persons registered 
in Croydon, amounted to about 250 in the six months. In the 
two months from March to May, 1916, there were 1,300 arrivals 



THE MILITARY TRIBUNALS 131 

in Croydon, and as many departures recorded in the Register. 
The total number on the Register was forbidden to be pubUshed, 
on the objection of the Registrar General. 

The nth hour of the nth day of the nth month of 1918 
is a date no one who was then beyond infancy can forget. We 
wrongly supposed that the great Armistice, which at that moment 
took effect, meant peace ; whereas at the time of sending to press 
this book, at the beginning of 1920, peace has only just been 
ratified (loth January) with one only, the first and greatest 
though, of our enemies ; and with all the rest matters are still 
unsettled. But one effect immediately came about at the 
Armistice, at all events. The thirty applicants to the Tribunal 
on Friday, loth November, 1918, were released without their 
cases being heard, " in view of the splendid position at the front," 
to use the JVIayor's words ; and except formally, the Croydon 
Military Tribunal came to an end there and then. 

The Surrey and Croydon Appeal Tribunal met for the last 
time together with the similar Surrey bodies sitting at Kingston 
and Guildford, at the offices of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, 
Westminster. Sir Lewis Dibdin, the Chairman, reminded the 
meeting that the three Appeal Tribunals had settled 7,000 appeals 
(Croydon district 2,900, Kingston and Guildford a little over 
2,000 each), and as a result had sent 5,500 men into the Army. 
It follows from what was said above as to the irregularity of 
medical examinations that out of 1,076 medical appeals not very 
far short of half (470) were allowed ; and of these, 65 appellants 
had agreed to do work of national importance, and 52 were 
adjudged to non-combatant services, not one being granted 
absolute exemption by the Appeal Tribunal. But of course 
many of these 52 non-combatant soldiers refused to do the work 
they were set ; and some preferred, indeed desired, to go to 
prison. It must be always a source of regret that so much 
valuable time was spent upon some ten or a dozen irreconcilables, 
for however great the outcry made by these extremely vocal 
persons and their friends, it boils down to that minimum after all. 

The actual farewell appearance of the Croydon Local 
Military Tribunal took place on 7th January, 1919, at the Town 
Hall. They had existed for three years, had held 258 sittings, 
and dealt with 10,445 cases. Only 725 appeals had been made 
against their decisions ; and up to October, 191 8, when they held 
their last sitting, they had granted 2,901 exemptions. Twenty- 
thousand Croydon men had gone to the colours, and only 12 per 
cent, of those eligible had been exempted from military service. 
A well-merited tribute of praise was paid at the final meeting to 



132 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

the successful manipulation of an almost countless host of details, 
by the Town Clerk, and Mr. Albert C. Gower (chief clerk in his 
department). A pleasant close to the meeting was the testimony 
of both Mr. H. T. Peard and Mr. R. J. Clark, who had acted as 
sohcitors for so many of the applicants, to the remarkable fairness 
and patience shown by the Tribunal. They said that even when 
applications were refused their clients had again and again 
expressed the feeling that they had received absolutely fair play. 
Higher praise than that no Tribunal — military or civil — can ever 
hope for. 



III. 

Munitions Work, and War Work 
of the Electricity Committee 

In the winter of 1915-16 the provision of munitions of war 
had become a very urgent question. Under the Ministry of 
Munitions a committee was formed for an area extending from 
the rural outskirts of Bromley to Sutton, and this committee 
met at Croydon. The Mayor (Alderman Denning) was the 
first chairman, the Town Clerk was another member, and the 
Borough Electrical Engineer (Mr. A. C. Cramb) the Honorary 
Secretary and District Manager. Mrs. Redfern acted for two 
years as an inspector and marker of Government material. The 
committee arranged for the making of munitions in numerous 
small factories, and also at the Corporation Waterworks Yard 
and the Borough Electricity Works. 

The chief articles manufactured were 1 8-pound shells, 
together with fuses and other parts for shells. Mr. Cramb 
undertook the manufacture of 18-pound shells and 6-inch shell 
heads at the Borough Electricity Works, and made during 
1915-18, 14,885 18-pound shells, and 4,121 6-inch shell heads. 
In addition to which about 10,000 shells from contractors in 
Surrey and Kent were finished off under his superintendence, 
by banding, base-making, varnishing, etc. A net profit of 
3£i»337 was made at the Electricity Works over the maufacture 
of these shells. 

This may be an appropriate place to mention that, in 
addition to lending the services of Mr, Cramb to this committee, 
the Borough Electricity Committee also gave free supplies of 
electricity to the following institutions : — 

Hospitals. 

H.R.H. Princess Christian Hospital ; Wallacefield, Coombe 
Road ; St. Dorothy's Convalescent Home ; 254, Brighton Road 
(Dr. Dempster) ; Norbury Hill House (Society of St. Vincent 
and St. Paul) ; Shirley Park Hotel (R.F.C. Hospital for 
Officers) ; Nielka Hospital, Jerviston, Ryecroft Road. 



134 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

Recreation Rooms. 

42, High Street, Croydon (Miss Carr) ; Canteen, 33-35, 
High Street, South Norwood ; St. Aubyn's Church Hall ; 
Comrades Club (N.U.W.W.), 68, Westow Street, Upper 
Norwood. 

General. 

War Hospital Supply Depot, Bedford Park ; Recruiting 
Office, 30, London Road, Croydon ; Committee Prince of 
Wales's Fund, Church Road, Upper Norwood ; Red Cross 
Distress Committee, 366, London Road, Thornton Heath. 



4' 




Alexander C. Cramb, M.I.E.E., M.I.Mech.E. 
Borough Electrical Engineer 



42 




I'hoto by Howard M. Kiiij; 
Assistant Commander Henry Craven Swaine, 
in command of Croydon Special Constabulary 



Part Four 
THE CIVILIAN FORCES 



I. The Special Constabulary 

Croydon Sub-Division of the " W " 

Division of the MetropoHtan Special 

Constabulary. 

In times of civil and national crisis it has been the national 
custom to invite volunteers from the civilian population to 
supplement the regular forces responsible for law and order. 
Special constables have always come forward at such times. 
Especially were they needed, and never was their work more 
valuable, than during the Great War ; for the strength of the 
regular constabulary was greatly reduced, first by patriotic 
volunteering, and later by the operation of the military service 
Acts ; and moreover duties devolving upon the police forces 
were much more numerous and varied than ever before. 

The following notes deal with the history of the Croydon 
Sub-division of the Metropolitan Special Constabulary from loth 
August, 1914, when the first call for recruits was made, up to 
the 1 6th June, 19 19, on which date the force was officially 
disbanded. 

At the call 175 men at once came forward, were enrolled 
and attested, and the first duties were undertaken at 6 p.m., on 
Monday, 24th August, 1914. 

Of these 175 men, 29 were still in the Force when it was 
disbanded. A maximum strength of 442 was attained on 3rd 
January, 1917. 

The Station-numbers at disbandment ran up to 1,704 ; but 
of this total, 582 were not attested for duty with this Sub-Division; 
the remaining 1,122 men, belonging to this Sub-Division, are 
accounted for as follows : — 

In the Force at disbandment i6th June, 19 19 . 371 



Resigned to join H.M. Forces 

Resigned through ill-health 

Resigned through pressure of business 

Transferred to Sanderstead on formation of that 

Sub-Division ..... 
Transferred to other Sub-Divisions . 
Resigned on leaving Croydon . 
Resigned to take up other Government work 
Resigned for various other reasons 
Died whilst members of this Force . 



229 

74 
160 

35 
52 

55 
33 
99 
14 

— 751 

1122 



138 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

Thirty-one members of this Force were specially commended 
by the Commissioner for various meritorious services. 

The following is a chronological statement of the various 
duties performed by the Sub-Division : 

On Monday, 24th August, 1914, duty commenced at 6 p.m., 
and consisted of guarding seven " Vulnerable Points," 
namely, five in connection with the Water works and one 
each, Gas and Electricity works ; and on Tuesday, 25th, a 
Guard on the Telephone Exchange was added. 

On Monday, 7th September, seven Railway bridges were added 
for guard and three of the guarded " Vulnerable Points " 
of the Water works (outlying ones) were abandoned. Four 
of the seven bridges were withdrawn from guard on 2ist 
September, and the remainder on 9th October. 

Tuesday, 27th April, 191 5, the number of men guarding the 
" Vulnerable Points " was reduced between 6 p.m. and mid- 
night, and six double Patrol Beats were established. 

Saturday, 25th September, 1915, a section was formed to deal 
with the *' Lighting Orders," and the first patrol started 
that evening. 

Tuesday, 12th October, 191 5, the guards on the " Vulnerable 
Points " from 2 a.m. to 6 a.m. were withdrawn ; but they 
were re-established, so far as the Gas and Electricity works 
were concerned, on Tuesday, 30th November, 1915. 

After 13th October, 191 5 (following on the Air Raid on Croydon 
on this date) an Observation Section was started to man 
observation posts during air-raids. The men of this Section 
at first had no regular duties in connection with the observa- 
tion work except at air-raids, but had frequent practices. 
They maintained their ordinary police duty throughout. 

Monday, 27th November, 1916, the observation post on the 
Water Tower was manned daily from 6 p.m. to midnight in 
connection with the MetropoUtan Observation Service. This 
work was undertaken voluntarily, and mainly in addition to 
the ordinary duties. 

Saturday-Sunday, 1 7th- 1 8th June, 1917. At mid-night, at the 
request of the Metropolitan Observation Service, continuous 
observation duty commenced day and night, and at the same 
time the guards on the " Vulnerable Points " at the Gas 
and Electricity works were withdrawn. 

Friday, 2nd November, 191 7. At 10 a.m. the guards on the 
Waterworks in Surrey Street and at the Telephone Exchange 
were withdrawn altogether, to increase the number of men 



43 




44 




Miss Rhoda Brodie, M.B.E. 
Patrol Leader, Croydon Women -Patrols 



THE SPECIAL CONSTABULARY 139 

for Station Reserve duty, with a view to more rapid 
mobilisation of the force in event of air-raids. 

Friday, loth May, 1918. A special duty in connection with the 
lighting of vehicles regulations was started. 

Friday-Saturday, 22nd-23rd November, 1918. At mid-night the 
Observation Post on the Water Tower and the " Vulnerable 
Point " Guard there, were withdrawn. 

Monday-Tuesday, i6th-i7th December, 1918. At mid-night the 
office was closed, no duty being thereafter performed 
between the hours of mid-night and 10 a.m. 

Wednesday, iSth December, 1918. The " Lights " Section was 
transferred to ordinary duty. 

Monday, 23rd December, 1918. The Patrol Beats were reduced 
to one Relief, from 7 to 10 p.m., and were abandoned on 
26th January, 1919. The office was closed at night. 

The Headquarters of this Sub-Division were originally at the 
PoHce Station, Fell Road, Croydon, but on the 3rd December, 
1914, they were removed to 3, George Street, Croydon, and on 
the 30th December, 1914, a further m.ove was made into premises 
at 87, High Street, Croydon. On Thursday, the 4th Januar}\ 
1917, the offices were again transferred to 46, Friends Road, 
Croydon, and from thence to the Stables, Quarry Hill, Stanhope 
Road, Croydon, on the loth February, 1919. 

The following figures give the number of duties performed 
in the Croydon Sub-Division since its establishment : 

General duties ...... 188498 

Emergency Calls and Special Parades . . 28754 

Drills (= half a duty each) . . . . 2157 

Ambulance Lectures and Drills (ditto) . 1917 



Grand total of duties performed . . . 221326 



In addition to which the drills, &c., not officially counted 
amounted to 18,747 ; making a total (of duties actually performed) 
of 240,073 ; and giving an average for S/C's past and present 
of 195 per man. 

The average length of service was 560 days ; which is 
equivalent to one duty in every 2.87 days per man. 

Drill Parades were held at the Barracks, Mitcham Road. 
When these premises were closed for Government purposes the 
Parades were held in the Whitgift Grammar School grounds, by 
kind permission of the Head Master. 



140 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

Ambulance — The Ambulance Section was constituted on the 
24th February, 191 5, and consisted at first of twenty members. 

Classes of Instruction were immediately started and were 
continued without intermission. The services of an Honorary 
Medical Officer were secured in June, 191 5. 

On 22nd February, 1919, the Section numbered 44, and 149 
Certificates and Diplomas had been obtained by them. 

The " Parsons " Cup was won by the Ambulance Section 
of this Sub-Division in October, 1917, and the " Sir Edward 
Ward " Cup for the " W " Division in 1918. 

Records were not kept of the cases in which First Aid was 
given prior to September, 191 7, but after that date they 
aggregate 223. 

On sixteen occasions official commendations for good work 
have been recorded. 

In March, 1916, by the kindness of the British Red Cross 
Society, the Force obtained the loan of a four-berth motor 
ambulance, which was brought into use on 120 occasions before 
it was returned to the owners in February, 19 19. 

In November, 1917, members of the Section undertook the 
voluntary duty of attending the arrival of convoys of wounded 
soldiers at East and West Croydon Stations, and of accompanying 
them to their respective Hospitals. Twenty-six convoys were 
attended, and 2,101 cases were dealt with. 

Members of the Ambulance Section also attended over 120 
convoys in connection with the South-Eastern Railway Centre of 
the St. John Ambulance Association, at which they dealt with 
upwards of 10,000 cot cases. 

During the influenza epidemic of November, 1918, volunteers 
from this Force were called for to act as night orderlies at the 
various War Hospitals in the Town, and on every occasion it 
was possible to supply all the men needed. 

Lights. — In September, 1915, the Force took up, at the 
request of, and in co-operation with, the Regular Police, the 
enforcement of the Lighting Regulations. A special Section for 
this work was formed, the district v/as mapped out into areas 
and a systematic regular patrol (with the Card Index method of 
recording calls) was instituted. In all, calls were made in 
22,195 cases of failure adequately to screen domestic and other 
lights. Tactful persuasion proved effectual in nearly every 
instance, and the improvement brought about was very marked, 
the general darkening of the town becoming distinctly noticeable. 
As a rule, householders were grateful for the calls made upon 
them, and it was rarely found necessary to report cases with a 
view to process. 



THE SPECIAL CONSTABULARY 141 

Emergency Calls (Air Raids). — The first " Call " took 
place on the 19th January, 1915, and altogether the Force was 
mobilised on 63 occasions and, in addition, the preliminary steps 
necessitated by a " Stand-by " or warning order were taken 
fifteen times. 

At first the whole Force assembled at the Croydon Police 
Station, but, in January, 1916, arrangements were made to 
establish three other centres at convenient points in the district, 
with the object of lessening the risk of extensive casualties and 
of enabling prompter attention to be given locally should necessity 
arise. These were at (i) Trojan Works, Vicarage Road, Waddon ; 
(2) Christ Church Schools, Clyde Road, and Addiscombe Railway 
Station ; (3) Wesleyan Hall, Bartlett Street, South Croydon. 

Each of these points of assembly was provided with a fully 
equipped unit of the Ambulance Section, with stretchers and 
First Aid requisites ; and a m.otor ambulance and wheeled litter 
were in readiness at the Police Station, Fell Road. 

Motor Transport was also provided at each point, in case 
it was necessary to convey men to a distance from that point ; 
and all points of assembly were either on, or in touch with, the 
telephone. 

As members of the force arrived, they were detailed into 
squads, each of nine men under the command of a sergeant, in 
readiness should their services be required at any point. At each 
centre was also assembled a number of St. John and Red Cross 
men, V.A.D. Nurses and Motor Volunteers, to supplement the 
men of the Ambulance Section. 

For some time men were stationed at the fire alarms to give 
any necessary information and to prevent any misuse through 
panic or otherwise. Many cases of local lights and sounds 
(e.g., Trams, Omnibuses, Clocks, &c.) were taken up with the 
authorities concerned, with the result that noticeable improve- 
ments were effected. In many cases also local lights were 
detected from the Observation Posts (referred to later on), and 
these were either located at the timiC or subsequently investigated 
with a view to appropriate action being taken. 

During 1917 the Force was called upon to assist in regulating 
crowds taking shelter in public buildings during Air-Raids. 
Cases of reported signalling during Raids were investigated, and 
generally proved to have been due to the actions of nervous 
householders. 

Four Observation Posts, situated respectively at the Town 
Hall Tower, the Water Tower, Gillett and Johnston's Tower, 
and Nottingham Road, were specially manned. The duty of the 
men at these posts was to keep a sharp look-out for the approach 



142 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

of hostile Air Craft ; to note any fi-es and to report them to the 
Observation Room, Metropolitan Observation Service, in addition 
to the Regular Police and Fire Brigade ; and to detect any cases 
of excessive lighting and report same to be immediately dealt with . 

A number of men were detailed for duty in connection with 
the various Air-Raid Shelters in the borough. 

Observation. — The Observation Section owed its inception 
to the Zeppelin Air-Raid on the 13th October, 19 15, after which 
numerous reports were received as to suspected signalling to 
enemy aircraft. 

After this date several officers were stationed — during 
emergency calls — on the Clock Tower of the Town Hall, with 
direct telephone communication to the office of the Chief Inspector 
of the Regular Police, and a motor car was provided in readiness 
to convey members of the force to any necessary point. 

As it was found impossible to overlook the whole of the 
district from one point, and as estimation by night of the exact 
location of a light or fire was difficult, other points were succes- 
sively arranged — widely separated, and with telephones or other 
means of communication. Each was equipped with a series of 
boards with sighting bars and a means of indicating, on graduated 
semi-circles, the " true " bearing of any object seen. A six-inch 
ordnance map of the district was provided at the Police Station, 
marked with graduated circles with the Observation Posts as 
centres and provided with extensible cords, distinctively coloured. 
By this means, the bearings transmitted from two or more of 
the posts, could instantly be set out on the map, the intersection 
giving the spot required. 

Many successive improvements were effected in these home- 
made instruments, including the provision of specially con- 
structed illuminated sights, enabling bearings to be quickly 
taken in darkness to a fraction of a degree. As an instance of 
the working of the system, a fire, occasioned in some trucks on 
a railway line some four miles away by an incendiary bomb, was 
located to a few yards within two or three minutes of the outbreak. 

The Nottingham Road station was also equipped as a 
listening post to detect the approach of aircraft or the sound of 
distant explosions, for which purpose a large trumpet, capable of 
being revolved, was used in connection with a stethoscope. 

The co-ordinated reports of the four points, already referred 
to, on the various raids in or near to the district form an interesting 
account of the progress of the Air-Raids in the vicinity. The 
first Zeppelin seen to be brought down was at 2.20 a.m., on the 
3rd September, 19 16, and the spot where it fell was approximately 
determined, though twenty- three miles distant. 



THE SPECIAL CONSTABULARY 143 

The first " Observation Post " was brought into use on the 
night of the 31st January, 1916, and, in November, 1916, 
arrangements were made to work the highest and most fully 
equipped post in conjunction with the Metropolitan Observation 
Service, as one of their Stations, and this — the Water Tower 
Observation Post — was thenceforward manned with a sufficient 
and trained " crew " each night from 7 p.m. until dismissed 
(usually about mid-night), in charge of a specially trained officer. 

On Sunday, the 17th June, 1917, a request was received 
that the work should be increased to a continuous day and night 
manning of the post. The same night this was done, and 
thereafter a continuous watch was maintained by a minimum 
*' crew " of three men. 

On the 17th September, 1917, at the request of the Meteoro- 
logical Office, South Kensington, a continuous hourly record of 
fog and visibility, between sunrise and sunset, was commenced. 
This was kept by the officers — known as I/Cs {i.e., " in charge ") 
— from time to time in command of the post and sent to London 
weekly. More detailed records of wind and weather conditions 
generally were also kept at four-hourly intervals during the day 
and night. 

The post was provided with a specially designed and con- 
structed azimuth and altitude recording instrument, enabling 
Vernier readings to be taken to within six minutes of arc. 

A telescope with cross wires in the eyepiece was fitted in 
alignment with the sighting bar and was of great assistance to 
the unaided vision, especially as regards obtaining accurate 
sighting. Lights, &c., observed at night could, by means of 
this telescope, be more readily located by daylight observation 
on the same settings. The readings in azimuth and altitude 
were automatically reproduced on graduated revolving drums in 
two cabins, one containing an Exchange Telephone for reporting 
to the Metropolitan Observation Service and the other — a private 
telephone — to the Chief Inspector's Room (Regular Police), at 
the Police Station, this being principally used dunng Air-Raids. 

Practically the whole of the designing, construction and 
installation of the instruments used (with the exception of an 
altazimuth instrument supplied by the Admiralty) was carried 
out by members of the Force, as was also the electric wiring for 
the lighting of the Water Tower. 

We think our readers will be interested to read the record 
that was made from the Town Hall for the last air-raid on 
London, that on 19th May, 19 18. We give it in full. The 
" bearing " numbers are, of course, map numbers, the district 
under observation having been plotted out for this purpose. 



144 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

Police Station. 
Town Hall. 

Men reported for duty Sunday, 19th May, 1918. 
681. 1302. 1596. 1112. 1057. 1141. 
1 1. 1 2 p.m. Aeroplane on bearing 102 shewing lights — Bright 
lights on bearing 15I — Signal Rockets seen in 
the South East. 
11.23 " G^^ ^^^^ °^ bearing 102 very distant. 
11.25 " Heavy gun fire on bearing 65 to 80 — Sounds of gun 
fire in the North East — Searchlights operating in 
the North East. 

11.28 „ Light on bearing 1 5I just extinguished. Continuous 

gun fire in the North East district. 

11.29 " Sounds of distant gun fire in the North East — Gun 

on bearing 48 operating. 
1 1. 3 1 „ Glow on bearing 15I very distant — Gun fire now to 

the North bearing 3 — Fire on bearing 19^ is now 

brighter — Gun flash on bearing 3 to 5. 
11.38 „ Aeroplane on bearing 1 24 to 1 25 — Gun fire had been 

continuous on bearing 345 to 105. 
11.40 „ Elmer's End gun operating. 

11.47 »> ^i^^ reported on bearing 19! cannot now be seen. 

11.48 „ White signal light on bearing 115— Another white 

signal light on bearing 115 — Searchlights concen- 
trating to the West — Aurelia Road searchlight 
operating — Flash on bearing ig-looks more than a 
gun flash — Gun fire getting much nearer but no 
shrapnel seen. 

11. 49 „ Big glow, as if a bomb dropped on bearing io| — 

Gonville Road gun operating. 

11.50 „ Shrapnel bursting on altitude 45-^Searchlights on 

bearing 151 to 162. 

1 1. 5 1 „ Signal lights on bearing 115. 

11.52 ,, Elmer's End and Gonville Road guns in operation. 
11.55 " Glow on bearing 9I— Shrapnel in the North East, 

altitude 45 — Another flash, as if a bomb had 
fallen on bearing 10 — Gonville Road gun again 
in operation — Sounds of Aeroplanes — Sounds of 
Aeroplanes getting nearer in the North East ; 
searchlights are centred on them — Sounds of big 
explosion in the North East— Purley searchlight 
operating — Aeroplane above referred to thought 
to be very near to us (20/5/18). 



THE SPECIAL CONSTABULARY 145 

12.0 midn't Signal light on bearing 45 fairly near ; the Aeroplane 
above mentioned thought to be more distant. 

12. 3 a.m. Very heavy gun fire in the North East and North 
West. 

12. 5 „ Purley searchlight extinguished. 

12. 7 ,, Aircraft hum in the North East seems to be getting 
nearer again. 

12. 8 „ Gonville Road gun operating again. Very heavy gun 
fire in the North East bearing 290. 

12.10 „ White signal light on bearing 30 — Gun flash on bear- 
ing 138 very distant — Sounds of aircraft in the 
North — Sounds of aircraft getting much closer in 
the North East. 

12.13 ,, Purley searchlight in operation — Shrapnel bursting 
on altitude 50 in the North East. 

12.15 ,, Aeroplane travelling due East. 

12.17 ,, Shrapnel bursting on bearing 64 altitude 30. 

12.20 „ Red signal light and white signal light on bearing 
32 — On bearing 32 thought to be an aeroplane 
brought down on fire — White signal light on bearing 
115 — Very heavy gun fire in the North East but 
too distant to see the flashes — Gun flashes from 
North East to North — Sounds of aircraft in the 
North East — Gun fire extending to the North West 
on bearing 345. 

12.25 M Signal light on bearing 50 — On bearing 27 a flash 
seen ; looked very much like an explosion — 
Gonville Road and Elmer's End guns in operation. 

12.27 >» Oil bearing 97 lights in the sky, looks as if it was one 
of our aeroplanes. 

12.30 ,, Half a dozen white rockets on bearing 95 — Sounds 
of aircraft in the North and North East coming 
this way. 

12.34 >» Shrapnel bursting in the North, altitude 27. 

12.35 »> Another glow on bearing io|, very distant ; looked 

like a bomb having been dropped. 

12.36 ,, Sounds of aircraft dying away — Sounds of aircraft 

in the East getting nearer. 

12.39 M Gonville Road and Elmer's End guns in operation — 
Shrapnel bursting in the North East, altitude 45. 

12.48 ,, Gun flashes very distant, North and North West of 
London. 

J 



146 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

12.55 a .m . Signal light on bearing 1 1 o high up — Gun fire revived 
distant North and North East — Signal light or 
Rocket on bearing 115. 

12.58 „ All quiet, but distant searchlights, North, North East, 
i.^o ,, Light on aircraft on bearing 105 — Two very distant 
flickering lights on bearing 53^ on the horizon — 
Sounds of aircraft in the South East, thought to 
be one of our own. 
1 .10 ,, One of our aeroplanes travelling East shewing a light 
^Two signal lights on bearing 94. 

1. 19 ,, All Clear. 

1.32 ,, Order to sound Maroons. 

On duty again — All the crew returned to their 
respective places. 

1.38 „ Gun flashes and searchlights in the South East — 
Red and white signal lights in the North East — 
Gun flashes on bearing 165 — Gun fire due South. 

1. 41 „ Shrapnel bursting South East bearing 165, altitude 
16 — Sounds of aircraft in the South — Aurelia Road 
searchlight operating — Purley searchlight operat- 
ing — Sounds of aircraft South East, almost East — 
Sounds of aircraft disappearing North East. 

1.45 „ All searchlights extinguished — Bright light reported 
on bearing 3, back of Park Street. 

1 .50 „ Distant searchlight operating between 40 and 80. 

1.55 ,, Gun flash on bearing 135. 

1.58 „ Aureha Road searchlight in operation and several 

others in the North — White signal light on bearing 
31 — Light reported in Park Street is now ex- 
tinguished, 

1.59 ,, Searchlights are now signalling. 
2. o ,, All Clear. 

2. 9 ,, Dismiss. 

{Signed) H. E, T. Wilcox 
(1596). 

Organisation for Police Work — Each man, when attested, 
arranged his hours of duty to which, in the ordinary way, he 
adhered. Broadly speaking, the Force was divided into two ; 
one half being on duty one week (" A " week) and the other half 
the next week (" B "). Each twenty-four hours was divided into 
six portions of four hours, and the Sub-Division was thus further 
sub-divided for work and discipline, each shift of four hours 



THE SPECIAL CONSTABULARY 147 

(known as Reliefs) being under a separate set of officers, a 
Sub-Inspector and Sergeants. The " Lights " Section worked 
on the " alternate week " system, as did also the Observation 
Section to a certain extent, and there were therefore sixteen separate 
units continually working in rotation. In some cases a man 
carried out his duties at different hours on different days or in 
consecutive weeks on the same relief, in which case he came under 
the superintendence of different sets of officers. It was, therefore, 
necessary for the office staff to keep constantly in touch with each 
man, so that in cases of sickness or leave the various officers 
concerned might be notified. The fact that most of the men on 
observation work also did general duty made this the more 
necessary, and accounted for much of the correspondence dealt 
with in the office. This system had its drawbacks and entailed 
a considerable amount of extra office work, but it had the advantage 
of getting the best work out of the individual members of the 
Force at the least inconvenience to them and their businesses, 
and also kept the members of the office staff more directly in 
touch with each man than would otherwise have been the case. 

In addition to the ordinary duties, and to the 63 mobilisations 
and 15 " stand-bys " already mentioned, there were very many 
special parades and duties. The first ten special parades may 
serve as a sample of the sort of work done ; but it must be 
noticed that after 1915 this class of work increased immensely. 

Special Parades and Duties, 
date time present occasion 

II. II. 14 about 70 opening of Parliament. 

7. 2.15 3.30 p.m. about 120 Church Parade, Parish Church 

Croydon. 
7. 3.15 5. op.m. 202 Inspection Parade, Police 

Station. 
9- 5-^5 3-3° P-"^- about 200 Inspection and Address by 

Mayor of Croydon, Park 
Hill Recreation Ground. 
12. 5.15 Daily average 144 " Lusitania " Emergency 

to Musters. 

17. 5-15 

16. 7.15 7. op.m. 14 Recruiting Meeting.Town Hall 

Croydon. 

21. 8.15 5. o p.m. about 20 Presentation of motor ambu- 
lances by Corporation to 
Red Cross, Town Hall. 

12. 9.15 4. op.m. about 40 Ambulance inspection. Park 

Hill Recreation Ground. 

19. 9.15 4. o p.m. 172 Church Parade,ParishChurch. 

2.10.15 3. o p.m. 69 Recruiting " rally," Town 

Hall. 



148 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

DATE TIME PRESENT OCCASION 

to average about 20 Special duties after Air-Raid 

17. 10. 15 in Croydon. 

Sports and Entertainments. — Six Cricket matches, four 
Billiard matches, one Football match, and several entertainments, 
Concerts, Whist drives, &c., were given by the Division ; many 
of these with a view of collecting money for charitable purposes. 

The following financial statement shows the money raised 

from members of the force, in this way : — £ s. d. 

Feb . 1915 — Sale of tickets for entertainment at Pal- 
ladium for Met. Police Orphanage . 526 

June 19 1 5 — Collected at Cricket match for Met. 

Police Orphanage . . . 11 o o 

July 191 5 — Collected at Cricket match for Croydon 

General Hospital. . . . 23 15 i 

Nov. 1 91 5 — Collection for late S/C Causebrook, of 

Carshalton Sub-Division . . 11 3 o 

Jan. 1916 — Purchase of Pair of S/C Boots, pre- 
sented to Red Cross Sale 

July 1916 — Royal Irish Constabulary Fund. 

Sept. 191 6 — Entertainment to wounded sailors and 
soldiers at Whitgift Schools . 

1916- 1917 — Subscriptions for motor ambulance . 
Sept. 1917 — Metropolitan PoUce Orphanage. 
Sept. 1917 — Croydon General Hospital 
Dec. 1917 — Newport Training School 
March 19 18 — Sale of matchboxes for St. Dunstan's 

Hostel 

May 19 1 8 — Surrey Prisoners of War Fund . 

April 191 8 — M .0 . S . Charing Cross Hospital Fund . 

Aug. 1918 — St. Dunstan's Hostel 

Aug. 1918 — Burgos Home, Croydon . 

Oct. 191 8 — Football match for Metropolitan Police 

Orphanage . . . . . 79 16 o 

Dec. 191 8 — Entertainment to children of Croydon 

sailors and soldiers . . . i i o 

1914 - 1918 — MetropoHtan PoUce Orphanage, Sale of 

Tickets for Police concerts . . 34 o o 

1917- 191 8 — Purchase of cigarettes and tobacco for 

wounded sailors and soldiers . 11 14 10 

Jan. 1919 — St. Dunstan's Hostel . . . 7 19 11 
Feb . 191 9 — Croydon General Hospital , endowment 

of beds 502 o o 

May 1919 — Whist Drive and Dance for funds of 

Burgos Home . . . . 100 o o 

l^^^sg 9 3 



5 








2 


13 





86 





II 


128 


15 





16 


2 





16 


2 





4 


19 


10 


I 


16 





42 


4 





157 


13 


8 


5 


5 





5 


5 






THE SPECIAL CONSTABULARY 149 

Cost of the Sub-Division. — The official administrative 
receipts and expenditure, as audited, show that in all £JS'^ 4^- 3^. 
was received in money by the force for its expenses, in addition 
to the free supply of electricity by the Corporation, who also 
relieved the force from the payment of rates. The Corporation 
also presented ;^ioo to the general funds and £^0 towards the 
Ambulance Section. 

The expenditure was ^^686 14s. id., leaving a balance of 
^65 I OS. 2d., which was handed over to the Croydon General 
Hospital towards the endowment of a cot. 

The force was indebted to the Regular Police for much 
assistance and friendly co-operation ; to the Croydon Cor- 
poration and its officials, and to the Croydon Gas Company for 
help in many ways ; and to individual members for a great 
number of special services outside the range of their ordinary 
constabulary duties. 

An attempt to particularise the services of individuals would 
be invidious and necessarily incomplete, but many acknowledg- 
ments are due to those who ungrudgingly devoted their specialised 
abilities to the work, and supplemented the official financial 
allowances by money or material and thereby greatly assisted the 
general organisation. 

Those who have been engaged in the work will recall many 
hours of weariness and physical discomfort, but mingled with it 
will be the memories they would not willingly forego of good 
comradeship, irrespective of class or social standing, and the gain 
of many valued friendships made while serving a common cause. 

The great success achieved is largely due to the admirable 
work of Assistant Commander H. C. Swaine, of " Quarry Hill," 
Stanhope Road, Croydon ; and the tact with which his salutary 
strictness was accompanied is shown by the gift of a handsome 
gold cigarette case, presented to him by the force he had so finely 
commanded throughout, at the disbandment, i6th June, 1919. 



II. Thornton Heath and South 
Norwood Sub-Division 

In August, 1914, a public appeal was made in the press, 
immediately after the declaration of War, by the Home Office, 
through the Commissioner of Police, and was at once responded 
to at the various Police stations. 

In August, 1914, the first batch of Thornton Heath and 
South Norwood men were summoned to take up duty, and they 
were sworn-in on 17th August, 19 14, before the Mayor, at the 
Town Hall, in company with Special Constables from all other 
parts of the Borough. 

This first enrolment was followed by others on the i8th, 
22nd, 24th and 28th with the result that at the end of August, 
19 14, there were 157 Special Constables on the strength at 
Thornton Heath, and 95 at South Norwood ; and from then 
onwards the strength was well maintained at both Stations. The 
highest and lowest figures reached were at Thornton Heath 262 
and 152 ; and at South Norwood 161 and 129. At Thornton 
Heath 586 men were enrolled from first to last, and at South 
Norwood 345. 

At first the duties at both Stations consisted of guarding 
" Vulnerable Points," but gradually these were changed and 
street patrols were substituted. At Thornton Heath there were 
eight street patrols, and at South Norwood four. These patrols 
worked in sections from 2 p.m. to mid-night, and during the 
remainder of the twenty-four hours men were on reserve duty 
in the Stations, with a minimum of six in the night hours. The 
following table shows the various duties beyond the eight divisions 
of street patrols, covering the whole district at " Vulnerable 
Points," and the periods during which they were performed : — 

Thornton Heath. — Norbury Pumping station, 25/8/14 to 19/10/17 
Sandfield Road Railway bridge, 27/8/14 to 23/2/15. 
Norbury Railway bridge, 27/8/14 to 15/10/15. 
Grange Wood reservoir, 1/9/14 to 28/10/17. 

South Norwood. — Grange Wood reservoir, 24/8/14 to 31/8/14 
Love Lane subway, 27/8/14 to 2/5/15. 
Holmesdale Road subway, 27/8/14 to 9/11/15. 
Norwood Junction subway, 1/9/ 14 to 4/11/17, 

At the later dates given above the Commissioner of Police 
under whose orders the Special Constabulary were placed con- 
sidered that guards of Special Constabulary were no longer 
needed at " Vulnerable Points." 



THE SPECIAL CONSTABULARY 151 

Apart from the Police Armlet, and the Officers' Blue 
(Inspector), Red (Sub-Inspector), and Yellow (Sergeant) Armlets, 
the first official equipment consisted of caps which were issued 
to all Special Constables in the Borough by the Corporation of 
Croydon early in 191 5. At the close of 1915 Headquarters 
(Scotland Yard, London) decided to provide overcoats and boots, 
and in May, 191 6, full Uniform Suits. 

Drill Certificates of Efficiency. — Thornton Heath obtained 160 
and South Norwood 98 ; total 258. 

Long Service Badges. — Thornton Heath obtained 190 and 
South Norwood 114 ; total 304. 

Men who joined in 1914 and were still in the force i6-8-i8, 
obtained Stars : — Thornton Heath receiving 51 and South 
Norwood 44 ; total 95. 

There were many Special Parades. For instance, at the 
opening of Parliament, November nth, 1914, there were thirty 
officers and men on duty from Thornton Heath, and twenty 
from South Norwood ; total 50. 

And there follows a list of subsequent parades of the Thorn- 
ton Heath and South Norwood Special Constables, with the 
respective attendances at each : — 

Officers & men on duty. 
T.H. S.N. Total 

1915. Mar. 13 — T. H. and S. N. Inspection 
,, May 5 — Inspect., Mayor of Croydon 
„ June 27 — Church parade, St. Stephen's 

Norbury 

1 916. Jan. 2 — Church parade, Croydon 

Parish Church 
„ April 8 — Div. Inspection, Streatham . 
.. M 30 — Church Parade, Albert Hall. 

,, Dec. 3 — T.H. & S.N. Inspection 

1 9 17. Feb. 7 — Opening of ParHament 
,, June 9 — Presentation of Long Service 

Badges .... 
,, Oct. 27 — Presentation of ambulances . 

1918. Jan. 6 — Church parade, T.H. & S.N. 
„ Feb. 12 — Opening of Parliament 
,, Apr. 14 — Drill inspection, T.H,& S.N. 
„ May 26 — Presentation of Stars . 
„ July II — Memorial Service, Westmin- 
ster Abbey 

Aug. 4— Church parades, T.H.& S.N. 



97 • 
118 . 


100 , 
99 • 


• 197 
, 217 


125 • 




• 125 


49 . 

156 . 

69 . 

204 . 


36 . 

67 ■ 

53 • 

118 . 


85 
223 
122 
322 


20 . 


14 . 


34 


167 . 

47 • 


92 . 
31 • 


259 

78 


140 . 


68 , 


. 208 


21 . 

79 • 
40 . 


13 • 
22 . 

36 . 


34 

, lOI 

■ 76 


41 . 
107 . 


27 
55 


. 68 
. 162 



176 . 


— 


176 


153 • 


— 


153 


177 • 


126 


■ 303 


169 . 


109 


278 


42 . 


17 


59 


32 . 


i8 . 


50 



152 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

As well as parades, there were several important mobilisations 
of these forces, as follows : — 

Officers & men on duty. 
T.H. S.N. Total 
1915. May 12 — Keeping order in streets, pro- 
tecting shops, etc. against 
expected Anti-German 
riots (which happily did not 
come off) 

„ ,, 13 — Ditto do. do. . 

,, ,, 14 — Ditto do. do. . 

„ ,, 15 — Ditto do. do. . 

1917. Oct. 2 — Air-Raid duty at Tube sta- 

tions in London 

1918. July 7 — Round-up of deserters, etc., 

Wilford Road 

And on alarms of Air-raids the Special Constables were 
called to duty eight times in 1915 ; thirteen times in 191 6 ; no 
less than 32 times in 19 17, and 13 times in 19 18, mustering very 
strongly on each occasion, with an average of over 300 men. 
The highest muster on any one Air-raid alarm was reached on 
ist October, 1916, when 226 men attended from Thornton Heath, 
and 138 from South Norwood ; a total muster of no less than 
364 men on that occasion. 

On 13 th October, 191 5 (in the serious raid on Croydon itself) 
bombs were dropped from a Zeppelin in Lower Addiscombe 
Road, and in Stretton Road, doing great damage and causing loss 
of life and casualties in Stretton Road. (It should be mentioned 
that the police district of South Norwood reaches westward as 
far as the corner of the Cherry Orchard Road, along the Lower 
Addiscombe Road.) The South Norwood force were on duty 
here from mid-night until 3.30 a.m. on the 14th, engaged in rescue 
work and the protection of damaged property. For four days 
following they were employed in regulating traffic, etc., and 
during this period were assisted by contingents from Thornton 
Heath. Returning from duty in the early hours of the morning, 
14th October, 1915, after the raid. Special Constable Roper, 
Howard Road, South Norwood, who desired not to disturb the 
family, was entering his house by the back door when he saw an 
explosive bomb lying on the back doorstep. Fortunately the 
Huns had neglected to remove the safety pin and the missile 
was therefore harmless. Due notice was given to the military 
authorities who after two days sent to remove the bomb. Needless 
to say strict guard was kept over it all the time it lay there. 



THE SPECIAL CONSTABULARY 153 

On 23rd Sept., 1916, a Zeppelin passed over Thornton 
Heath and Norbur}^-, As it passed over Thornton Heath it let 
down two powerful magnesium lights evidently for the purpose 
of picking up its bearings. It then bore away towards Streatham, 
and dropped its first bomb on some open fields in Norbury. In 
response to a " phone " message from Streatham about i a.m., 
60 officers and men were hurried off to lend help on that ground, 
and 40 more paraded for duty at Streatham the next morning 
at_8 a.m. Much damage was done and many lives lost. 

On 2nd October, 1917, 59 officers and men from Thorn- 
ton Heath and South Norwood paraded at BrLxton at 6 p.m. 
for Air Raid duty on the Tube stations. 

Buglers and Motor Tr-\nsport — At Thornton Heath seven 
buglers paraded for duty on Air Raid nights and 15 at South 
Norwood. Each bugler has received a photograph of the whole 
corps of buglers and a service bugle inscribed with his name, etc., 
at the cost of a fund especially raised in the spring of 1919. At 
Thornton Heath there were 16 motor cars and side cars available 
for use (11 of which were provided by residents voluntarily) and 
at South Norwood 4 (2 of which were provided voluntarily). 
These paraded at the Police stations on all occasions of air raids, 
and it was rare to find any absentees. 

Ambulance and First Aid Work. — At South Norwood a 
special feature was made of this work. There was a very efficient 
squad of 18 men all holding First Aid Certificates. They fur- 
nished themselves at their own expense with two stretchers and 
complete ambulance outfit, bandages, etc., and distinctive 
uniform, haversacks, water bottles, etc. A tribute of thanks is 
due to Dr. Rose who was most kind in giving his services and 
conducting the ambulance instruction classes. At Thornton 
Heath there was also a small squad of proficient First Aid men ; 
but there was not the same need for such work in this district, 
as it was already well supplied with hospitals, R.A.M.C. men, 
and ambulances. 

Social Work — At both Thornton Heath and South Norwood 
much was done in this direction. Perhaps the most striking 
success was an " Old Comrades' Fund," initiated by Section 
4 at Thornton Heath, and maintained by weekly subscriptions 
from the men of that section for the benefit of old comrades 
who had been in that section, and who had joined up in the 
Navy or Army. About £150 was subscribed from September, 
1916, onwards ; and more than 600 parcels of cigarettes and 
other comforts were sent to men at the Front and in training, by 
their comrades in the Special Constabulary at Thornton Heath. 



154 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

At Thornton Heath a Social Club was run from 191 6 to 
1918. By Whist drives, Concerts, etc., it contributed the follow- 
ing sums to the causes named : — 



To the Order of St. John of Jerusalem & British Red 
Cross ....... 

,, Croydon Hospital ...... 

,, the Metropolitan Police Orphanage . 

„ St. Dunstan's Hostel 



I s. d. 



15 


9 





21 








22 


12 





52 


10 






£111 II o 

At South Norwood various amounts were also raised in the 
same way for various funds. Amongst the special collections 
were the Causbrook Fund, raised for the widow of a m_an killed 
by Air-raid while on duty, and am.ounting to 5^23 9s. od. ; and the 
Baker Fund (another similar case), amounting to ^4 13s. 6d. 

Also two motor ambulances complete for the front were 
provided by these forces, at a cost of ^^723 5s. id., of which 
Thornton Heath contributed ^468 8s. yd. ; and South Norwood 
£2S4 i6s. 6d. 

A large number of the men at both stations subscribed 
weekly to the Police Orphanage fund. Many other collections 
were made at both stations for comrades in trouble and need, 
which resulted in substantial sums being raised. At South 
Norwood Section IV. had a flourishing War Savings Certificate 
Fund. 

A Few Personalities. — (Thornton Heath). Sub-Inspector 
Pearson (10 1), in command of a ship which was torpedoed off 
the coast of Spain by an Austrian submarine, was taken as a 
prisoner to Austria. S/C Richardson (176) was taken prisoner 
at Kut. S/C Walker (363) was awarded the Military Medal, and 
Inspector Williams was awarded the Military Cross. S/C Doubell 
(148) was commended for stopping a run-away horse in London, 
and S/C Wetherell for valuable assistance to the Regular Police. 

(South Norwood). S/C Cutress (49) was commended in 
Police Orders for arrest of a suspected burglar in May, 191 6. 
S/C C. Norman (20) v/as awarded the Military Medal. Inspector 
Mugford (5) was commended in Police Orders for stopping a 
run-away horse in July, 1916 ; and S/C Thompson (263) saved 
two boys from drowning at Brighton, i6th August, 1918. 

In this Sub-Division there was one mem.ber of the force 
(Inspector Gale, of Thornton Heath) who, it is believed, held 
the record for the number of duties done by him during the four 



THE SPECIAL CONSTABULARY 



155 



years ending i6th August, 19 18, which total altogether 1,5 13I 
(a drill being equal to half a " duty " which accounts for the 
fraction). 

Obituary. 
T.H. — S/C Barrow (441), killed in France . . 14/4/18 
S/C Coombs (46), killed in France . . 10/3/18 

S/C Clark (273), died of wounds in Grantham 

Military Hospital .... 27/7/18 

Inspector Crittenden (77), Headmaster of Beulah 

Road Council School, died in Denmark 

Hill Military Hospital . 
S/C Franklin (312), killed in France 
Inspector Leete (51), died 
S/C Battley (353), died 
S/C Harris (74), died 
S/C Hatt (109), died . 
S/C Howell (245), died 
S/C Jones (495), died from wounds in hospital 

in France . 



S.N. — S/C Evans (112), killed in France. 

S/C Goodman (162), died from wounds in his 

pital in France .... 
Inspector Laker (28), died in Salisbury Hosp 
S/C Shackell (43), drowned in SS. " India " 
S/C Stupart (172), killed in France 



7/9/17 
24/6/17 

21/4/17 

7/2/18 

30/3/18 

4/7/18 
23/6/18 

5/1/18 
8/3/17 

10/5/18 
15/1/18 

1 2/4/1 6 
5/3/17 



III. Croydon Women Patrols 

Voluntary Women-Patrols were started in 19 15 by the 
National Union of Women Workers (now the National Council 
of Women) with the sanction of Sir Edward Henry (Commissioner 
of police). A card of authorisation bearing his signature was 
carried by each patrol. Women-patrols were also backed by the 
authority of the Admiralty and of the War Office. The Croydon 
Women-patrols received much help and encouragement from 
Chief Inspector Lovie, of the Metropolitan Police, who gave 
them a good deal of interesting and responsible work to do ; 
from the then Mayor and Mayoress (Mr. and Mrs. Howard 
Houlder) who took a keen interest in them throughout ; and 
from a specially organised committee of ladies in Croydon, of 
which the Hon. Secretary was Miss Glazier. 

The work was started as a War measure to help in raising 
the tone of the behaviour of young people in the streets and 
open spaces ; and the preventive welfare work of the women- 
patrols carried out tactfully, and by trained women, did much 
to achieve this object. 

During the War there were about forty Croydon women- 
patrols under the Patrol Leader, Miss Brodie, M.B.E. They 
patrolled in couples for two hours in the evening. Their uniform 
was a heavy blue coat and skirt, black hat with the badge 
N.U.W.W., and a distinctive armlet bearing their registered 
number under the Metropolitan Police. They carried a police 
whistle and a lantern. Their work was purely voluntary and 
unpaid with the following few exceptions . — 

From January, 1917 to September, 1918, some of the 
women-patrols worked for three hours at night instead of two, 
and were paid at the poUce rate. In June, 1918, four of them 
were specially trained to do whole time police work of seven 
hours a day, and were paid by the Metropolitan Police. They 
continued this work till the Metropolitan Women-Police were 
started early in 1919. 

The voluntary women-patrols continued work till 30th 
September, 1919, when the Commissioner of Police (General 
Macready) replaced them by Women-Police, although the work 
of the latter force hardly covers the same ground as that done 
by the women-patrols as indicated above. 



IV. Fire BriQ^ade 

Even as early as 3rd August, 1914, Retained Fireman Carter, 
who was a reservist of the Royal Marine Light Infantry, was 
called up because of the rapidly growing certainty of war ; and 
on 5th August when general mobilisation was ordered three more 
reservists were taken from our Croydon Fire Bripade, as well as 
the fireman on duty at the Mental Hospital, to replace whom the 
Croydon Brigade had to send a fourth man from their depleted 
staff. 

Beyond these losses of staff there was the probability of 
actually increased activity for the brigade. The Chairman of the 
Fire Brigade Sub-Committee (Councillor T. W. Wood Roberts) 
therefore took steps to replenish the ranks by voluntary help. 
Messrs. Grant, Kennard and AUder, all of them, patriotically 
assisted, by allowing thirteen of their assistants to volunteer ; and 
they served in turn by four men each night, from 7 p.m. to 7 a.m. 
Presently the demands of military needs, business, and health 
ate into the number of voluntary members ; and the ever-active 
Chairman (who himself attended throughout the war) had to 
canvass amongst his personal friends for volunteers. By one way 
or another the four volunteers every night were kept up for all the 
earlier years of the war ; from first to last 48 volunteers in all 
served the fire brigade, and seven were serving at the time of 
the Armistice. The average length of service was 13^^ months, 
but one volunteer served 54 months, and another 45. They 
wore as nearly as possible the uniform of the brigade, and slept 
on their duty-nights at the fire station. 

Air-raids caused 68 mobilisations of the brigade, and the 
volunteers served in 65 of them ; an average of seven volunteers 
turning out at each mobilisation. It was the seventh of these 
air-raids (13th October, 19 15, warning received at 8.23 p.m.) 
which was that which Croydon so fatally remembers. About 
9 p.m. an airship was visible over London, but everything 
quieted ; then, suddenly, without any preliminary warning, 
bombs began to fall in Croydon at 1 1 .20 p.m., and eighteen bombs 
fell on the town, seventeen of which exploded. The first call 
was for Edridge Road, and the brigade were fortunate to rescue 
a sufferer from the ruins there ; then they were sent to Oval 
Road to assist the injured and search the damaged houses. In 
Beech House Road, where the motor escape was sent, four 



158 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

persons were imprisoned in the debris on the second floor of 
one house, which was so badly damaged as to be in danger of 
collapse. A woman was released, and recovered from her 
injuries ; but the lad who was released at the same time, and who 
was sent with her to the Hospital, succumbed to his injuries. 
The bodies of two other lads were uncovered, but the falling 
masses had already killed them. The prompt and excellent work 
of the fire brigade was commended by the Council at the meeting 
on 23rd October, 1916. At Stretton Road the rescue work was 
performed by R.A.M.C. men, from Davidson Road War Hospital, 
by police officers and civilians. The fire alarms were disabled 
in that district by the explosions, so that warning only reached 
the brigade very late. Eleven persons were killed and seventeen 
injured in this raid ; and the places damaged were in Mason's 
Avenue, Edridge Road, Park Lane, Beech House Road, Woodstock 
Road, Friends Road, and Chatsworth Road, the Railway line, 
Pairfield Road, Cherry Orchard Road, Oval Road, Lebanon Road, 
Leslie Park Road, Leslie Grove, Lower Addiscombe Road, 
Albert Road, Alexandra Road, Morland Road, Stretton Road, 
Exeter Road, Leicester Road, Rymer Road, Edward Road, and 
Freemason's Road, according to the report of the Chief Officer 
of the fire brigade (J. W. Dane). In all about 800 buildings 
were damaged and it was estimated that the money loss was 
j(^20,ooo ; fortunately no fires resulted, although a gas main was 
broken. The large water main crossing the railway was cracked, 
but happily no great waste occurred. If that had gone, and fires 
had broken out, the position would have been a serious one. 
By one of the usual ironies of fate one of the Volunteer firemen 
on arriving at one of the calls during the night's work of helping 
others found that it was at his own house, and, moreover, 
unfortunately it was badly shattered. But this was happily the 
only occasion when bombs fell in Croydon, though warnings 
were frequent (as has been said) and the brigade was kept con- 
stantly on the alert. It may be conjectured that the stringent 
way in which lighting was controlled contributed to the immunity 
of the town. It will be remembered that in the raid on 2nd 
September, 19 16, the attacking Zeppelin dropped bombs both 
at Kenley and at Streatham, but passed over Croydon, sheltered 
in its darkness. 

On 28th September, 191 6, the brigade undertook observation 
work in conjunction with the London fire brigade at the request 
of the Admiralty ; and continued until this work was undertaken 
by the Special Constables. 

In September, 1917, the Croydon brigade was joined (under 
D.O.R.A.) with the other fire brigades in the Metropolitan Police 
district, to act as one large force during air raids, under a 



FIRE BRIGADE 159 

mobilising officer ; and many joint drills were held with the 
London fire brigade and with neighbouring brigades. Sometimes 
these mobilisations were far from pleasant ; for nothing was 
moved until the *' Take cover " order was issued, and consequently 
machines and other appliances had to proceed along roads after 
the guns were already in action, and were exposed to the falHng 
shrapnel, etc. On 30th September the brigade had rather a 
lively time. They were engaged in the ordinary way at a fire 
in Wickham Road when an air-raid warning was received. All 
who could be spared at once took up their air-raid stations — but 
those still at work on the fire had to continue their work un- 
sheltered, while air fighting was going on above them and shrapnel 
from our own guns was falling. 

The fire brigade also undertook the ambulance service of 
the borough on 18th September, 1915 ; and in order that the 
town might be in a position to render " first aid " to any sufi"erers, 
lectures were delivered to the men at Headquarters by Dr. 
Mclntyre. All who attended his classes (including the Chairman) 
sat for, and obtained, the certificate of the St. John Ambulance 
Association. Further, the Chief Officer advised the MiHtary 
Hospitals in the borough, munition works, stores, etc., etc., as 
to protection from fire ; and held several fire drills of squads of 
soldiers, etc. The brigade was constantly at work, regulars and 
volunteers ; most fortunately the elaborate precautions under- 
taken and maintained were rarely wanted ; but had a disaster 
occurred, as was only too likely, the borough in war time would 
have blessed the sleepless vigilance of its Fire Brigade. 



45 




I'hoto by Lewis 

Councillor Thomas W. Wood RoBERTi 
Chairman, Fire Brigade Sub-Committee (Auxiliary Fireman, Croydon 
and London ; Special Constable) 



46 




I'hiitci by Lewis 



John William Dane 

(Medal of the Order of the British Empire) 

Chief Officer, Croydon Fire Briu;ade 



47 




Photo l)y F. \V. l!er 

Colonel H. E. Deane, R.A.M.C. 
Officer Commanding, Croydon War Hospitals 



48 




Lady Edridge 
Hon. Freeman of the Borough, 1920 



I'lioto by Lewis 



Part Five 
HOSPITAL AID & RELIEF SERVICES 



I. The Medical and Hospital 
Services 

Early in the progress of the war it became clear that an 
extraordinary strain would be placed upon the medical resources 
of the country, owing to the unprecedentedly large forces engaged 
and the innumerable casualties involved, as well as because of 
the^sickness which is an unavoidable accompaniment (however 
careful may be the sanitary precautions) of the massing of 
enormous bodies of men. Never in any previous war had the 
arrangements for the care of the health of the troops been made 
with such prevision and success ; never was the rate of sickness 
so small in relation to the numbers of men engaged ; but, even 
so, it was so great that every iota of medical power in the country 
had to be organized so as to procure a sufficient service for the 
fighters. Moreover, there was the civilian population needing 
the usual medical care — in some cases, indeed, needing it more, 
as the strain of the war, the rationing of food (experts notwith- 
standing), and, later, the epidemic influenza, all tended to lower 
the vitality of the people at home ; or, at any rate, did not make 
for an increased standard of general health. 

At the beginning of the war the War Office called for 
medical recruits, and got them in generous numbers ; the 
medical profession proved itself worthy of its traditions. With 
the expansion of the armies, and the passing of the Military 
Service Act, something more drastic than a volunteer measure 
became necessary, in order to distribute the growing medical 
burden more evenly and equitably over the country. Doctors, 
it will be remembered, were exempted from the operations of the 
Military Service Act, but they instituted a form of self-con- 
scription (if we may use the expression) to meet the situation 
described. They produced a series of " Tribunals " of their 
own. At the head of these in London and in close touch with 
the War Office was the Central Medical War Committee, whose 
business it was to procure doctors for the Services in the numbers 
demanded by the Government. The Central Committee in 
turn made demands upon the local areas, and for this purpose 
the country was divided up into local units and in each of these 
a Local Medical War Committee was formed. So far as Croydon 
was concerned the area included Leatherhead, Epsom, Sutton, 
Wallington and Croydon itself ; and the committee was presided 
over by Dr. C. O. Fowler, with Dr. E. H. Willock as Honorary 
Secretary, and Dr. C. G. C. Scudamore as Hon. Assistant 
"Secretary. 



1 64 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

The Committee was both a committee of selection and a 
tribunal. The whole area was carefully considered, and the 
needs of the people steadily borne in mind. The simple prin- 
ciples which governed the selection of doctors for the forces were 
to take those who were fit in age and physique, those who were 
unmarried, and those with partners or whose practices could be 
worked by neighbouring doctors. The decision of the committee 
was usually acted upon, but the recruits had a right of appeal to 
the Central Medical War Committee. As concerns the Borough 
of Croydon it was further necessary to have regard to the medical 
side of the National Health Insurance Act, both as regards 
doctors and chemists. Fortunately for us the Insurance Panel 
contains almost all of them, and excellent relations have always 
prevailed between them and the Insurance Committee ; so that 
gradually the War Office tended more and more to accept the 
Insurance Committee's lists of doctors and chemists who could 
be spared for the army without running unfair risk to the civilian 
population. It may be said authoritatively that every doctor and 
every chemist served who could. The doctors in the early part 
of the war entered as lieutenants, and were then promoted to the 
rank of captain ; but later they assumed the latter rank at the 
beginning of their military service. Not only were doctors sent 
into the army, the needs of the navy were also served, and at 
least one gentleman, Dr. Horsley, served first in the army and 
then in the navy, while Dr. Thompson began with the navy and 
went later to the army. All enlisted for a certain period — one 
year was a common period, though many served longer ; and 
some served a second period. The honours won while on 
service by our doctors were as follows : — 

Distinguished Service Order . Dr. E, Marshall CowelL 
Military Cross . . . Dr. P. W. James. 

,, ,, . . . Dr. J. L. Menzies. 

„ ,, . , . Dr. John Mclntyre. 

„ . . . Dr. J. W. Wayte. 
Distinguished Service Cross . Dr. R. G. Elwell. 

The medical men who remained at home shouldered the 
several tasks that the profession has been called upon to bear ; 
and we should fail signally in our duty if we did not record with 
gratitude the unflagging service they gave day and night, not 
only amongst their own and their absent colleagues' patients, 
but also in War Hospitals, and after Air Raids. The doctor who 
did less than the work of two men at least was unknown during 
these critical years. 

Of the work which may especially be called War work, most 
was perhaps done in connection with the War Hospitals. These, 
as will be remembered, were established in the Council Schools 



49 





Oh O 



CQ 



MEDICAI, AND HOSPITAL SERVICES 165 

as a rule. For this purpose, the Davidson Road, Ecclesbourne 
Road, Ingram Road, and Stanford Road council schools were 
converted into Military Hospitals, as also were the Boys' and 
the Girls* secondary schools in the Crescent ; and the children 
normally to be found in these schools were distributed amongst 
other schools and buildings of the town. The total number of 
beds thus provided was one thousand. The Medical Officer 
Commanding was Colonel Morris, who after about a year of 
service was succeeded by Colonel H. E. Deane, R.A.M.C. 
These had, of course, a staff of R.A.M.C. doctors, but these were 
far too few for the heavy work which fell upon the hospitals. 
It was arranged therefore that much of the work should be done 
by the Croydon practitioners, who became a civil medical staff 
taking regular duty in turn. 

The Croydon General Hospital served as an auxiliary 
hospital, and played a most valuable part in the treatment of 
the wounded. Watchers in Croydon will long remember the 
convoys of v/ar ambulances looming up in the darkness in their 
impressive progress along the London Road. They brought 
the wounded straight from the Western Front to our Hospital. 
Two wards were exclusively War Wards, where the soldiers 
were received ; they contained about fifty beds, and they were 
rarely unoccupied. This meant a considerable addition to the 
labours of the staff, but the work was done cheerfully and with 
remarkable success ; and, moreover, without other recompense 
than the gratitude of the soldiers and their friends. Especially 
arduous were the labours of the General Hospital during times 
of air raids. When the police gave the " stand-by " warning 
(usually some time before the explosion of the official maroons) 
the whole resident staff of the Croydon General Hospital was 
mobilised ; the nurses were all up ; a surgeon was always 
present. There were, as a matter of fact, few air-raid casualties 
in the borough of Croydon except those during the fatal Zeppelin 
attack in October, 191 5 ; but the Hospital served a wider area, 
and patients came from Streatham and Purley, as well as Croydon 
during the raids ; mostly, we understand, people who were 
caught in the streets by the barrage (sometimes, we fear, through 
their own fault), who sustained shrapnel wounds, and although 
these were generally slight, they required skilled and immediate 
attention. When it is remembered that most of the staff of 
the Hospital are the general practitioners of the town, and that 
these were depleted to the lowest possible number, as mentioned 
above, it will be realized how much the air-raids must have added 
to their work. In addition to the 50 beds at the Croydon 
General Hospital there were provided 80 beds at the Reigate 
Infirmary, and 20 at Oxted. 



1 66 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

These hospitals were originally distributed to provide treat- 
ment for the following special classes of cases occurring in the 
Eastern Command : injuries to nerves and to jaws, diseases of 
the ear, and cases requiring physical treatment ; and to provide 
for the sick of any troops in the neighbourhood. As time 
progressed, and service exigencies became accentuated, it was 
decided to transfer ear and nerve cases to other centres, and to 
use the accommodation thus set free for the reception of cases 
from overseas, which were distributed among the various 
hospitals. 

The first patients were admitted on the 30th June, 1915, 
and the hospitals were finally closed on the 9th May, 1919. The 
total number of patients admitted was 19,182, of whom 4,153 
were discharged as invalids. The number of deaths was 196, 
and of these 79 occurred during the influenza epidemics of 191 8. 
Thus, excluding the influenza epidemics, the mortality was under 
I per cent. 

At the Stanford Road Hospital, devoted to injuries of the 
jaw, Mr. J. F. Colyer, F.R.C.S., was Consulting Dental Surgeon,, 
and for his brilliant work was awarded the K.C.B.E. Mr. F. 
Newby, F.R.C.S., who was senior Surgeon, was awarded the 
O.B.E., as was also Dr. R. G. Davidson, who was anzesthetist 
to the Stanford Road Hospital ; and the services of Dr. G. Genge, 
anassthetist to the Crescent Hospital, were commended to the 
Secretary of State. The services of Lieutenent E. Staflford, 
Durham Light Infantry, who also was selected by Colonel Deane 
to carry out the details of his applications of ordinary gymnastic 
apparatus to the treatment of wound disabilities, were rewarded 
by the M.B.E. And Lieutenant Colonel Deane himself received 
his brevet as full Colonel. 

A word must be added in recognition of the admirable 
services of the 80 nurses on the staff, many of whom were 
V.A.D.'s. At one time the whole of the nursing staff consisted 
of nurses from the other extremity of our Empire, being members 
of the Australian nursing services. 

Only one death occurred amongst the doctors during the 
whole of these war years, but that was a sufficiently lamentable 
one. Dr. Hy. Hetley, J. P., who was sent to the Davidson Road 
school-hospital at the very first, and who served there until he 
entered a nursing home in London, may almost be said to have 
died at his post. He threw himself into the work of the hospital 
with characteristic energy, studying every case with a minute*care 
and attention to detail that was the envy of his colleagues. One 
of them sums up a sketch of our lamented friend in words which 



MEDICAL AND HOSPITAL SERVICES 167 

are fitter than any this Editor could devise, and he makes no 
apology for quoting them here, therefore, just as they reached 
him. 

" His notes were a model of concise and lucid expression of 
what he saw ; his inferences were the fruit of sound judgment 
and experience, and his operative skill was excellent. He 
combined in his views an up-to-date knowledge of recent medical 
and surgical progress and a true conservative instinct in treatment. 
By the soldiers he was beloved and respected for his frank manly 
generosity and openness of mind, and for his sterling personal 
qualities. To his colleagues his ripe judgment and courteous 
assistance at all times were invaluable. Though obviously in 
failing health,he stuck to his work up to the last moment,and when 
on his death bed did not fail to send a most pathetic and touching 
message to the soldiers he served so well, and to his professional 
colleagues. The public and the medical profession alike sus- 
tained a severe loss in his untimely and lamented death." 

When the six Croydon schools were taken over, there were 
few amenities for the men. The Mayoress (Mrs. Denning) and 
Lady Edridge found them quite unsupplied with books or games of 
any kind. They applied to Mr. Henry Berney, who was Secre- 
tary of the Fourth Queen's Equipment and Comforts Fund (see 
the chapter on the Fourth Queen's) for assistance. The fund 
he administered was, of course, not available for this purpose ; 
but he and these ladies just mentioned threw themselves into the 
promotion of another fund which was known as the War Hospitals 
Comforts Fund, and Mr. Berney served this, too, as Secretary. 
Subsequently the Committee of three was enlarged, and the 
Mayor and Mayoress, Sir Frederick and Lady Edridge, the 
Colonel in command, and the Town Clerk all served upon it. 
Public sympathy in very practical form was forthcoming from 
the first in a remarkable degree ; no less than five full-sized 
billiard tables (besides many not of full size and a score of 
bagatelle boards) were offered privately and placed in the school- 
hospitals. The Christmas of 1915 was observed with all the 
good cheer of the season : turkeys, Christmas puddings, cakes, 
apples, nuts, and the various other delights of the season were 
provided, and were then added to by the Mayor and Mayoress ; 
and each succeeding Christmas told a similar story, except that 
after the death of Mayor Denning, in February, 1916, his high 
privileges and responsibilities were passed on to his successor. 
Mayor Houlder. But Christmas was only an annual climax, as 
it were, in the good work. Daily " comforts " in the form of 
cake, eggs and jam were sent to the Croydon General Hospital. 
In all ;{^3,ioo in money, as well as gifts of the approximate value 
of £1,500, were provided for the hospitals through the energies 



1 68 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

of the committee ; and furniture and other effects were lent, up 
to the value of ^i,ooo. 

It is difficult to give more than an indication of the way 
in which help was given to the wounded and sick. Owners cf 
motor cars came forward to take the patients for drives, or lent 
their cars for the purpose. For four years this was continuously 
done by Mrs. G. M. Worsley ; and for the same period Mr. A. H. 
Allen, Mr. E. Stanley Walters, and Mr. C. S. Thorne used their 
private cars every day in connection with work at the hospitals. 
Others gave valuable nursing assistance. Mrs. X. M. Edgelow 
served for three and a half years at the Crescent Hospitals in the 
role of hairdresser, and in that period shaved and cut the hair 
of over 42,000 cases, using 20 ordinary (not safety) razors, for 
which good work she was known first as the " Lady Barber," 
and later as the " Beauty Specialist " — " which name," writes 
Mrs. Edgelow, " I think I deserved after removing from a 
patient a week's growth of beard, and in some cases even a 
fortnight's growth." When it is remembered that at the 
beginning Mrs. Edgelow had had no experience with a razor, 
and that she was also frequently called upon to shave limbs in 
preparation for operations, something of her courage and en- 
durance will be recognized. " The most difficult part I had to 
play," she says, " was to explain to the patients that I loved to 
make them comfortable and clean, and that there was no charge, 
as my services were entirely voluntary." Reference must also 
be made to the really splendid work done by Miss Purdy and 
Miss Feetum at, and in connection with, Davidson Road hospital. 
For four years these ladies placed themselves at the disposal of 
the matron and nurses every day, and provided comforts and sick 
diet whenever they were required to do so. Without their 
generous help the hospital would often have been in difficulties. 
Another example of great and sustained help was shown by 
Mrs. A. E. Bidmead, who arranged, at no little sacrifice, no less 
than one hundred dramatic entertainments for the men in hospital. 
From the outset a small committee of ladies busied themselves 
with providing amenities of various kinds at the hospitals : 
Mrs. Chamberlain undertaking Davidson Road school-hospital ; 
Mrs. Scudamore, the Crescent ; Mrs. Hetley, Ingram Road ; 
Mrs. Trumble and Mrs. Warren, Ecclesbourne Road ; while 
the similar arrangements for Stanford Road school-hospital were 
in the very capable hands of the Manager of the L.C.W. & Parr's 
Bank, Norbury, Mr. E. R. Home. There were many other 
cases that deserve to be chronicled, and if we have omitted to 
name them here, it is not because our sense of their value is not 
real, but owing to considerations of space. So many were the 
acts of kindness that it is actually impossible to record them all. 



MEDICAL AND HOSPITAL SERVICES 169 

H.R.H. Princess Christian's Hospital. 

In 1914, No. 82 London (St. John) V.A.D,, assisted by No. 
118 London (St. John) V.A.D. , feeUng the need of a local 
hospital for the wounded, secured and equipped with willing 
assistance from the neighbourhood, the house known as 
"Whitehall," on South Norwood Hill. H.R.H. Princess 
Christian graciously accorded her patronage. 

From March 24th, 1915, when the first convoy of patients 
was admitted, till March 24th, 1919, the good work went on 
uninterruptedly. 

A representative committee of management from the 
neighbourhood was formed ; with first the late Sir Ernest 
Tritton, Bart., as chairman, and after his death, Colonel F. 
Campbell, C.B. 

The hospital was affiliated to the 4th London General 
Hospital at Denmark Hill, and provided for the first two years 
52 beds, afterwards increasing that number to 60. The total 
number of patients was 1,823. There were no deaths. 

From March, 19 15, till early in the following year. No. 
118 London (St. John) V.A.D., with Lady Falkland as its 
Commandant, helped in the nursing. After that the entire work 
of the hospital was carried on by members of No. 82 London 
V.A.D., with occasional help from members of the Croydon 
Detachment. The V.A.D. 's worked under a staff of trained 
nurses consisting of a Matron and three Sisters. 

The hospital was delightfully situated, and its beautiful 
garden, furnished with an open-air shelter, helped largely in 
the recovery of the patients. It had its own operating theatre, 
excellently fitted up, x-ray, massage and electricity rooms, and 
its own well-appointed little chapel. The Rev. J. Sutherland 
Gill acted as Honorary Chaplain. The work of the wards, the 
Quartermaster's office, the kitchen, the Hnen room, the pantries, 
the house and the garden, was undertaken with untiring devotion 
by the voluntary workers. 

A feature of the hospital was the annual sale of work (in 
part the work of the patients themselves) held in the hospital 
grounds in 1916, 1917 and 1918, bringing in for the hospital 
funds such helpful sums as ;(ji29, £150 and ^^195 respectively. 

The inevitable weariness of hospital routine and discipline 
was alleviated by the kindness of the neighbourhood. The 
patients were taken for drives, invited out to teas, fetes, pic-nics, 
and provided with theatre tickets, etc. They had a splendid 
selection of books in their library at the hospital and outdoor 
games for the garden. Frequently the patients were given a 



170 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

party for their relatives and friends, and were provided with tea 
and a concert, garden fete, or Christmas tree, according to the 
season of the year. Considerably over loo concerts for the 
nurses and patients were arranged and provided for by Mr. 
Leigh Bennett and his friends. 

The financial situation was always satisfactory. The 
hospital committee published four reports, one for each year's 
work, shewing clearly all the accounts. For the careful 
presentation of the latter the hospital is very deeply indebted 
to Mr. H. Gaster, the Honorary Secretary. 

Dr. J. J. Douglas acted as Commandant of the V.A.D. 
Detachment, and Mrs. Colegrave, M.B.E., as its Lady 
Superintendent. 

In consequence of its excellent work the hospital received 
the following generous share of honours : — 

Royal Red Cross 2nd Class. — Miss S. T. Biddulph Pinchard, 
Matron for three years ; Miss Foreman, Sister for three years 
and afterwards Matron ; Mrs. J. J. Douglas, V.A.D. 

M.B.E. — Mrs. Colegrave, Lady Superintendent. 

Specially " Mentioned" — Mrs. Colegrave, Lady Superin- 
tendent ; Miss Benbow, Head Cook ; Miss E. Cooper, Masseuse; 
Miss E. Dentith, Quartermaster and Masseuse ; Mrs. Douglas, 
Miss Foreman, Mrs. Le May, Miss McNaughtan, Miss Williams, 
and Mr. H. Gaster, Honorary Secretary. 

At the end the hospital was able to hand over the following 
sums to local charities : ,^1 ,200 to the Norwood Cottage Hospital ; 
3^100 to King's College Hospital ; and ;£ioo to the Royal Normal 
College for the Blind. 

Convalescent Homes. 
A delightful remembrance amid all the suffering caused by 
the War is the way in which Croydon endeavoured to alleviate 
the weariness and pain of convalescence. We give examples, 

Mr. George Goodsir, J.P., gave up his beautiful home, 
" Wallacefield," Coombe Road, entirely to convalescents from 
the army. At first Miss Ethel Link, M.B.E., took 
charge, and as soon as Mrs. Goodsir was ready she 
herself succeeded Miss Link, and remained in charge 
till the close. Miss May Goodsir was on duty as Honorary 
Secretary and Q.M. from first to last. The rest of the 
family lived elsewhere. The first arrivals were fifteen 
Belgians from Antwerp via Aberdeen, headed by two English- 
men, who arrived on 23rd October, 1914, and who for twenty- 
four hours luxuriated in the possession of a private house, 



MEDICAL AND HOSPITAL SERVICES 171 

with a large staff of lady nurses and helpers all to themselves. 
From that time forward, however, the staff vv^as fully employed 
day and night, and from first to last 1,152 wounded soldiers 
regained health under their care. It is very gratifying to learn 
that although most of the men were happy-go-lucky private 
soldiers, and some wear and tear might have reasonably been 
expected, one broken lamp glass was all the injury that the house 
suffered at the hands of these " Tommies " over the period of 
4I years. [For it is a curious fact that " Wallacefield " served 
its benevolent purpose for exactly the same number of days that 
the War lasted, being opened in September, 1914, a few weeks 
after the War began and outlasting the Armistice by just the 
same number of days to December, 191 8.] Defaulters were 
punished with the threat of instant return to the military hospital, 
which proved quite efficacious — a fact which speaks well for the 
men's appreciation of the house. 

In " An Unspoken Speech on Demobilisation " (which may 
be seen in the Reference Library at the Town Hall )Mr. Goodsir 
gives an interesting history of the house. All the helpers were 
voluntary, and one of the boys, comparing notes with another 
boy from a neighbouring hospital, boasted that he had " real 
ladies to wait upon him," and clenched the argument by asserting 
that " even the kitchen maids at Wallacefield drove up in their 
own cars." 

Friends were always forthcoming with concerts and other 
amusements to keep up the spirits of the sufferers. The 
Christmas days were real home festivals ; and on bright summer 
days, croquet, bowls, and tennis were played, or the men lounged 
in the shade with books, or hung over the garden wall to chaff 
the passers by. One or two incidents occurred which have a 
somewhat regrettable, if also a humorous side. We quote Mr. 
Goodsir :- 

" Do you remember that other Belgian — I forget his name 
— who made a pretty speech in Belgian-French, translated by 
Miss Link, about having lost his home, his friends and all his 
possessions except his uniform, but,, out of gratitude for his 
treatment here, would present Mrs. Goodsir with two buttons 
from his tunic ? (This at a time when collecting soldiers' buttons 
was all the rage). How Mrs. Goodsir had the buttons gilded 
and made into a brooch, which was worn in triumph : until she 
discovered that the donor had cut them from the tunic of another 
man of the same regiment whilst he lay helplessly ill in Ward F., 
and also that the generous Belgian was an old jailbird with no 
reputation worth preserving ? " 



172 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

Miss Ethel Link continued her fine national service. Through 
the great kindness of many friends she was enabled to start 
a Convalescent Home called " St. Dorothy's," in connexion 
with the 4th London General Hospital, first in Castlemaine 
Avenue, and afterwards in Croham Manor Road. The Home 
was opened and consecrated to its gracious and merciful object 
on 15th January, 1916, and was closed on istjune, 1919. During 
that period 470 men passed through its doors ; they never had 
to be closed either from lack of guests or the means of supplying 
their needs. The men belonged to all departments of voluntary 
service, as well as to the " Old Contemptibles," and all the 
colonies had their representatives as well. The evening re- 
laxations which had formed so pleasant a feature at "Wallace- 
field " were continued as well at " St. Dorothy's " by the wiUing 
help of Miss Link's numerous musical and artistic friends. 

Other Hospitals. 

Other hospitals for wounded and convalescent sailors and 
soldiers deserve mention, in order that this record may be 
complete, although a detailed account of them cannot be included. 
A small, but most effective and beneficent hospital was that 
conducted by Dr. W. Dempster at 254, Brighton Road, which 
was known as the Brighton-road Hospital. On the north- 
western edge of the Borough, two hospitals, Norbury Hill House 
(under the care of the Society of St. Vincent and St. Paul), and 
Nielka Hospital, " Jerviston," Ryecroft-road, did noble work. 
On our eastern side, Shirley Park Hotel, of recent years an hotel 
and the centre of a fine golfing course with beautiful scenery, was 
a hospital for officers of the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air 
Force. It is interesting to recall that at one time the building 
was known as Shirley House (built 1720), aud was the residence 
of Lord Chancellor Eldon and the place where he died. Another 
house with historical associations and beautiful surroundings 
which was turned to war-hospital uses was Addington Palace, 
for a century the country residence of the Archbishops of 
Canterbury, which although just outside the Borough is closely 
affiliated with it in our minds. Here thousands of wounded 
troops from France were restored to health, but later on it was 
devoted to troops from India, Mesopotamia and the East 
generally, as a special centre for the treatment of malaria, 
dysentery, and other eastern and tropical diseases. 



51 







52 




Councillor Francis Allen, M.B.E., J.P. 
War Pensions Committee 



II. The Croydon War Hospital 
Supply Depot 

On 19th July, 1915, in consequence of the clamant 
demand for hospital requisites for the British and Allied Armies, 
this association began work at 44, Park Lane, in a house kindly 
lent by the Croydon Gas Company. The Mayoress (Mrs. 
Denning) was President, and Lady Edridge Vice-President ; the 
organisers and managers throughout were Mrs. P. B. Beddow and 
Mrs. John Major. For the first month the buyer was Mrs. 
W. W. K. Robinson (at whose house the preparatory meetings 
had been held), and afterwards the buying was undertaken by 
the organisers. An influential Executive Committee was 
secured. The organisers were fortunate in obtaining generous 
loans of sewing machines, work tables and furniture. By the 
end of July there were 300 working members, each contributing 
one shilling per week, and the house could no longer hold them 
all ; so that " next door," No. 42, was most kindly added by the 
Gas Company. Even these two houses soon proved insufficient, 
and in September the Depot accepted the generous off"er of 
" The Homestead," Bedford Park, from Mrs. Walton, and there 
remained for the rest of its existence. By the end of August 
7,000 articles had been made and despatched, and the demand 
ever grew. Mr. R. F. Colam, K.C. (Recorder of Croydon), and 
the late Mr. Wm. Harris now became joint Treasurers. 

At " The Homestead " the work was organised into depart- 
ments. One of the most interesting rooms was the Shirt- 
room, where busy sewing machines turned out shirts with 
such unusual success that " Croydon shirts " became famous 
in their own way, and were often specifically demanded by 
officers zealous for the comfort of their men. Then there 
were the Slipper-room, the Swab-room, and the Cutting-out- 
room ; and other departments dealt with Bandages, 
Rollers, Needlework, Knitting, Splints, Carpentry and Wood- 
work. There was a large Store Room for materials and for 
finished goods, though the latter were never long before they 
were packed up and despatched to Military Hospitals, not only 
in England, but all over the world. The " Colam " gaiter was 
a speciality always in request and largely made. In November 
the Depot was recognised by the War Office, and after the 
Directorate-General of Voluntary Organizations was formed 
(which co-ordinated all such efforts) the Depot received 
requisitions from that source. 



174 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

In February, 191 6, the Mayor's death caused Mrs. Denning's 
resignation, and the incoming Mayoress (Mrs. Houlder) became 
President. At this time the membership had risen to 800, who 
were formed into rotas so that the work might be continuous. 
On 19th July, 1916, an " At Home " was held by the Mayoress 
(Mrs. Houlder) in celebration of one year's work ; a year later 
a Garden Fete, opened by Lady Haig, commemorated the second 
year's work ; and at the close of the third year Lady Beatty 
presided over the festivities. 

These anniversary fetes were utilised also to supplement 
the large funds which were necessary to finance so extensive a 
work, and brought in ^^442. A Christmas Fair in 191 8 added 
^(^280. Two Flag Days provided ,^842, and Thes Chantants, 
Concerts, etc., added £2^^- The backbone financially was, how- 
ever, the weekly contributions of all the members, and from first 
to last these amounted to ,{14,731. The total receipts were 
;^8,66o, and the expenditure for materials was ;^7,545. The 
running expenses were rigidly kept down, and only rose to six 
per cent, of the whole. When the Depot was closed the 
Treasurer had ,^485 in hand, and this was presented to the 
Croydon General Hospital. 

The measure of the comfort and healing imparted to our 
troops all over the world by means of the many hundred of 
thousands of articles produced at the Depot — from dressing 
gowns to tiny surgical swabs — will never be fully known. But 
appreciation of all that was done was touchingly manifested, and 
many a letter from many a hospital, both British and Allied, 
testified to their gratitude for the extraordinary variety, novelty, 
and ingenuity of the supports, splints, etc., in metal and in wood, 
invented and made by the Recorder in his workshop at the top 
of " The Homestead," astonishing and delighting the puzzled 
hospital surgeons whose difficulties they so wonderfully sur- 
mounted. Enthusiastic volunteers assisted the Recorder in 
this beneficent work. 

One of Mr. Colam's appliances (for drop foot) made by the 
Depot workers at a cost of only about is. 6d., produced such 
numbers of applications from all parts of the country that it was 
difficult to keep pace with them. It had the advantage of being 
invisible, and at the same time was more comfortable and 
efficient than appliances costing several guineas. 

Early in 191 9 the need for the Depot happily ceased, and 
it was closed in February. Its hard, close and happy and 
successful v/ork had lasted more than three and a half years, 
and its memory must ever be held in honour in our town. 



III. Croydon War Supplies 
Clearing House 

At the beginning of September, 19 14, gifts were being sent 
with indiscriminate generosity by Croydon people direct to the 
fighters, and there was no co-ordination whatever. It occurred 
to Mr. Albert G. Norris, the Croydon district manager of the 
Sun Life Assurance Society, that some organization was needed 
which would first find out where things were really required, 
and then collect those things and send them there ; in order 
that gifts should be placed to the best advantage for the sailors 
and soldiers. He found willing colleagues, and the Croydon 
War Supplies Clearing House came into being ; with the Lord 
Mayor of London (Sir T. Vansittart Bowater) as patron, and 
Georgina, Countess of Dudley, as patroness ; Mr. Norris acting 
as secretary, Mr. Leonard S. Rogers as publicity secretary, and 
Mr. Henry Terrell Peard as chairman, while Mr. Henry Berney, 
who was " in " almost every movement for the good of the 
soldiers, gave constant helpful support. A year later Sir 
Frederick Edridge became President and Lady Edridge a 
patroness ; and in February, 191 6, the new Mayor and Mayoress 
(Alderman and Mrs. Houlder) became respectively paitron and 
patroness. Sixteen receiving depots were established in 
Croydon and the neighbourhood, where goods, clothing and any 
useful gifts whatever might be deposited, with a motor transport 
service to collect from them twice weekly. The scheme was 
submitted to the War Office,and received not merely its approval 
but also its warm commendation. It is interesting to note that 
when the national body under the Director-General of Voluntary 
Organisations was begun two years later it was almost on exactly 
similar lines, and was most probably a result of the Croydon 
suggestion. The central office was opened on 2nd November, 
19 1 4, at a shop in George Street , and here the committee were 
inundated with gifts of clothing, food, games, comforts, and all 
kinds of things useful for the troops. Cordial support was 
forthcoming immediately from prominent Croydon people, 
including many members of the Corporation, although at this 
time the Corporation itself was not identified with the movement. 
In the strenuous work of the Clearing House, which drew to it 
a large staff of unselfish assiduous helpers, the continuous 
invaluable work of Mrs. S. J. E. Iredell, who became lady 
superintendent of the staff and depot at the beginning and 
remained at her post until the end, must receive special mention. 



176 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

She worked daily throughout the whole war without intermission, 
often into the small hours of the morning. Her assistant. 
Miss Enid Colam (now Mrs.Colam), supported her enthusiastic- 
ally and competently. Another worker whose unremitting help 
covered the whole of the war was Mrs. C. J. Gladwell, who as 
chief assistant to Mr. Leonard Rogers, as distributing secretary 
and, later, as chief clerk, did work of inestimable value. Other 
helpers are gratefully remembered, though their names are too 
numerous for inclusion here. 

Apart from general collecting for the forces, the purpose of 
the Clearing House was to supply occasional special demands as 
they arose, either from the war hospitals or from the forces. 
For example, it furnished more than one of the houses which 
were set aside in Croydon as hostels for the accommodation of 
the Belgian Refugees. Again, the military forwarding officers 
in France on one occasion made a special request for condensed 
milk, The committee at once formed ten district committees 
of ladies to decentralize this work, and within a fortnight 63,492 
tins of condensed milk, weighing 17 tons, and valued at ^^925, 
were delivered at the Small Public Hall, where they were taken 
over by Lady Malcolm. On another occasion an appeal for 
help towards the Comforts Fund was met by a " Union Jack " 
flag day, in July, 19 15, when collecting was confined to the centre 
of the town, and ;^330 was raised. 

At another time the committee was asked to raise funds for 
the Red Cross,and this led to the formation of a special committee, 
over which Lady Malcolm presided as chairman, to collect 
materials and saleable objects of all kinds and to arrange for 
their sale by public auction. Six months were devoted to 
preparation, the ambition of the committee being to raise ;;^3,ooo. 
On 20th January, 1916, Princess Christian opened the auction 
sale at the Public Hall, and for a week articles of all sorts, useful, 
beautiful and curious, which had been contributed by well- 
wishers, were sold. Amongst them was a beautiful coffer 
of 17th century pattern, designed by the Borough Recorder, 
Mr. R. F. Colam, K.C., and also carved by himself from cedar- 
wood grown in his garden. The auctioneers of the town and their 
assistants kindly gave their services, and that these were somewhat 
arduous may be deduced from the fact that the biddings did not 
cease until midnight on some occasions. The traders of the 
town gave signal help by the selling of Red Cross stamps which 
had been specially designed in competition for the occasion — 
one of the approved designs, it is interesting to know, being by 
a boy in the Borough Secondary School. The total takings for 
this object were no less than {,^,']\(>, far surpassing the original 
hope of the committee, A letter of " congratulation upon the 



WAR SUPPLIES CLEARING HOUSE 177 

splendid success " of the auction was received from Queen 
Alexandra, which is one of the treasured mementoes of the 
committee's work. 

In September, 1916, a collection for Y.M.C.A. Huts, 
intended to be made during one day, developed into a " Hut 
Week " under the stimulus of the Mayor's energy, and no less 
a sum was raised than ,^6,458, v.ith which several " Croydonia " 
huts were equipped and endowed, as well as a " Croydonia " 
Travelling Cinema. It is interesting to record that Lady 
Malcolm when in France helping the Y.M.C.A. had some of the 
** Croydonia " huts under her charge. " Croydonia Hut " No. i 
was a personal gift previously made to the Y.M.C.A. by Mr. 
Hector Morison, M.P., then resident in Croydon. 

In the autumn of 19 17, footballs and boxing gloves were 
sent out, and in 1918 the Comforts Fund benefited to the extent 
of ;^309 by a matinee arranged at the Hippodrome. The same 
year the Clearing House carried through Croydon's Record Flag 
Day, in which ;£ 1,273 i4^- 9^- was raised for St. Dunstan's 
foundation for the Blind, Regents Park. (This total sum was 
run very close by the Mayoress's Flag Day for the Red Cross, 
" Our Day," which followed shortly after (24th October, 1918), 
and realised ,(^1,269.) 

When the Clearing House closed, 17th April, 1919, and the 
Secretaries drew up a summary of the work done since the opening 
on the 2nd November, 19 14 — nearly four and a half years of 
strenuous work — some very remarkable figures were obtained. 
From a certified account we extract the following few particulars. 

The Clearing House itself collected and despatched 2,373 
cases, containing 260,170 separate items, to the forces ; and 
beyond this, despatched 786 other cases, containing 176,823 items, 
on behalf of the Croydon Association of Voluntary Organizations, 
which had collected them. In actual money the Clearing House 
raised j(]20,5oo. 

In its own 260,170 items are 4,771 tins of tea, coffee, cocoa, 
and preserved milk (in addition to the special milk collection 
previously referred to, of 63,492 tins) ; 684 packets of chocolate, 
and 1,121 of other sweets ; 10 boxes of cigars and 702 lbs. of 
tobacco, with 606 pipes to smoke it in, and 476 packets of boxes 
of matches to light up with. Amongst the much appreciated 
clothing gifts we see 1,686 handkerchiefs, 3,277 scarves, 1,286 
woollen mufflers, as well as a large number of these things 
forwarded on behalf of the CD .A. Voluntary Organizations. 
Nearly 1,000 shirts, and a third of that number of nightshirts, 
1,500 pairs of gloves, and 5,500 pairs of mittens, and not far 



178 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

short of 4,000 pairs of socks we observe, while presently the 
compiler, growing weary of enumerating, lumps a lot together as 
" Sundry garments, mostly second-hand," running up to 6,000 
— all but 15. Passing over great quantities of blankets and 
bedding we find 864 sets of sphnts, knee-pads, etc. ; 1,304 sticks 
and crutches ; 1,362 tins or boxes of disinfectants, etc. ; 3,819 
bandages, 670 rolls of lint, 926 respirators, etc., for the hospitals : 
1,161 sandbags to help the trenches as well as 926 respirators 
for those using the sandbags ; and to make them feel less neglect- 
ed, 303 razors and strops were supplied, with 1,105 boxes of 
stationery and writing pads to keep the boys in touch with home. 
Games to the number of 1,690, over and above 1,000 packs of 
cards, kept the minds of our boys alert, while 7,294 packets and 
tins of food, 375 tins of jam, and 267 tins of biscuits helped their 
bodies. One hopes the 500 eggs reached France unbroken ; 
and we know of the joy with which the 6,105 Christmas puddings 
were received. We see, with a certain amount of pleasure, that 
the moderate number of 42 bottles of wines and spirits figures 
in this most interesting list, and with even more pleasure we note 
the stupendous number of 112,150 books, etc. Musical 
instruments are lumped with " soap, brushes, etc." in a total of 
14,500, so that it is impossible to gather either the nature or the 
quantity of the supply available for the service of the Queen of 
all the Fine Arts. Cigarettes were collected for the benefit of the 
men in hospital, under the attractive name of the " Farthing Fag 
Fund," and we note that in one of the yearly reports of the 
Clearing House the number of cigarettes distributed is apolo- 
getically named as only 81,545, as it " has fallen off a great deal." 

It must be always remembered that the British prisoners 
in Germany would have starved, but for the parcels of food sent 
to them ; and therefore the War Supplies Clearing House very 
wisely abandoned, towards the last, this part of their work, 
forwarding their parcels through the Government in the names 
of the donors, rather than sending them direct as before, the 
Government cases having an infinitely better chance of reaching 
the sufferers than any private packages could have. 

Another branch of activity was the maintenance of a cinema 
at Addington Park Hospital ; and so popular did this become, 
and so incessantly was it worked, that the rnachine wore out, 
and began to dazzle the eyes of the patients and rouse the ire of 
the doctors. So a new and steady machine had to be got, and 
the report, with a sort of smothered groan, admits that it cost 
nearly ^^^90. However, it was procured, and the " pictures " 
continued to delight the patients. 

The collection of waste paper and other waste materials 
largely by the willing help of the Boy Scouts, realised £254 — 



WAR SUPPLIES CLEARING HOUSE 179 

quite a welcome addition to the funds of the Clearing House, 
upon which there was incessant demand. Looking through the 
minutes we often come upon phrases such as " Loan from the 
Chairman," " Overdraft at the Bank," etc., at seasons when it 
was necessary upon some urgent call to run clean beyond the 
funds in hand, and trust to the future for reimbursement. We 
are glad to be able to say that this trust was never in vain. 

The balance in hand — £2^"] 125. id., on 17th April, 1919, 
"when the Clearing House was closed — was used to endow a bed 
in the Children's Ward at the Croydon General Hospital, to be 
known as " The War Supplies Clearing House Cot," and to 
carry a preference in favour of the children of those who had 
served in the War. 



IV. The Mayor's Committee. 

For the Prevention and Relief of Distress arising out 

OF THE War, and for other purposes incidental 

TO the War, 

(NATIONAL RELIEF FUND.) 

The Mayor (Alderman Frank Denning) was not in Croydon 
when War was declared in the evening of 4th August, 1914 ; 
but needless to say he arrived the next day, and at once began 
vigorous measures to prepare Croydon for its formidable task 
of coping with the emergencies of war. 

On 7th of August the Mayor summoned a public meeting 
of the Council, the Magistrates, the Guardians, the Clergy and 
Ministers.the Trades Councils, and all Philanthropic Committees; 
and the Mayor's Committee with the title at the head of this 
chapter was immediately formed. There were at the beginnings 
81 members, and more joined later. A small Advisory Com- 
mittee of 8 members was appointed, and this sat daily at the 
Town Hall for several weeks. Sub-Committees were also 
appointed for employment, finance and relief; and Ward 
Committees were also set on foot. 

The Prince of Wales issued an appeal for funds, which was 
supported by the Queen, and the collection of money for the 
" Prince of Wales's Fund " became at once a chief duty of the 
Mayor's Committee, and of the Ward Committees. £11,000 
was paid in a week or two towards this Fund, The plan adopted 
was to send all money to Buckingham Palace (or, later, to the 
offices of the Prince of Wales's Fund) and to ask for such sums 
to be sent to Croydon as the needs of the town demanded from 
time to time. Later in the War this great fund changed its 
name to the National Relief Fund, and may therefore in future 
bear that name in this chapter. 

Recruiting was also a primary duty, and was assisted by 
the Mayor's Committee, who urged it upon the separate Wards 
as a pressing need. Elsewhere we show the vigour with which 
volunteer recruiting was pursued. 

The medical profession nobly responded, as always, to the 
call upon them, and all the doctors in Croydon at once offered 
to attend gratuitously the dependents of soldiers or sailors on 
active service, when requested through the Ward Committees or 



THE MAYOR'S COMMITTEE i8i 

the Central Committee. And the Pharmacists of the Borough, 
not to be behindhand, similarly declared themselves wiUing 
(on proper notification made, as above) not only to make up all 
prescriptions for such dependents, but also to provide the drugs 
needed at their own cost. The last part of their generous offer 
was, however, not accepted, the National Relief Fund paying for 
the drugs. 

Many other citizens helped in their various capacities as 
the doctors and chemists had done, and we all became conscious 
of a spirit of unity pervading the whole Borough — a shoulder-to- 
shoulder feeling ; a sentiment of brotherhood hitherto unknown 
shared by all ranks and classes in the face of our common danger. 

The feeding of children was one of the special needs of 
the families whose fathers had enlisted ; and this was easily 
arranged through the School Canteen Committees, not only for 
school children, but for all young persons up to i6, the permits 
being issued by the Ward Committees, and the Central Com- 
mittee providing the necessary funds. And to cope with a 
kindred necessity a committee of ladies undertook in October, 
1914, to maintain 10 centres, in various parts of the Borough, 
for the provision of good mid-day meals for nursing and expectant 
mothers, and their children ; a constructive work designed for 
the benefit of the next generation, so likely to be hard hit by the 
war, but in practice proving to be a welcome relief for a very 
special type of distress which soon became apparent, since the 
mothers' love often led them to deny themselves, for the sake 
of their children, things they specially needed at such times. 
These dinners were continued till 30th April, 191 6. 

As the winter drew on arrangements were made for the 
distribution of tickets, especially to families of sailors and 
soldiers on active service, entitling the holder to buy two cwt. 
of coal on each ticket at is. 3d. a cwt. At the time of writing 
(January, 1920) this price has become incredible, and we must 
be grateful that in the winter of 19 14- 15 coal was still procurable 
at a reasonable price. There were 369 tons of coal thus supplied 
to the poor that winter. 

On 17th February, 191 5, the Town Clerk reported the gift 
of 200 bags of flour, each bag containing 7 stone (98 lbs.), from 
Canada, British Columbia, and New Brunswick ; and the 
patriotic offer of the Croydon bakers to convert this fine gift 
into loaves. And on 24th September the same year 2,000 lbs. 
of tea was received from Ceylon Tea-planters, which was held 
over a little and distributed at Christmas. Mr. W. E. Wilson 
kindly made up the whole gift, for convenience, into half-pound 
packets. 



1 82 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

For a considerable period during this winter (19 14-15) 
workshops to provide for women were carried on at the Adult 
School, Croydon, and the Polytechnic, South Norwood, but the 
increasing demands for war work of all kinds eventually rendered 
these unnecessary. 

The National Relief Fund gave £400 towards relief of the 
damage in the Oval Road district by the air-raid of 13th October, 
to replace furniture and the daily utensils of about 150 houses, ' 
and Mr. Harry Sidey, to whom this work was entrusted, had 
every claim adjusted and satisfied within twenty-one days of the 
raid. In many instances the Mayor's Committee had to find 
housing accommodation for the sufferers, as their houses were 
uninhabitable. Many allowances were also made to wives whose 
husbands were injured, to parents whose wage-earning sons 
were killed, etc. 

The Mayor's Committee also accepted responsibility for, 
and indeed entered largely into the work of the Soldiers' and 
Sailors' Families Association and the Soldiers' and Sailors* 
Help Society in the Borough. These Societies became as it 
were a special division of the Mayor's Committee and one of 
the utmost importance. It has been found necessary to devote a 
special chapter to it. 

The total amount collected for the Mayor's Fund established 
by this Committee was ^21,108 12s. 4d.,of which;^i6,oo86s.4d. 
was paid into the National Relief Fund, the greater part of 
which came back to Croydon in the following form : — 

For Soldiers* and Sailors' Families 
Association. . 
„ Soldiers' & Sailors' Help society. 
,, Women's workroom 

,, Air Raid 

, , Civilian distress 



In 191 5, a special account was opened by Mayor Denning^ 
for the relief of persons suffering from the air-raids, which was 
administered by this Committee. £779 5s. 7d. was raised (of 
which ;^449 9s. 6d. was contributed by the National Relief 
Fund) and fortunately only ;^6i9 9s. 6d. was required, as Croydon„ 
except for one serious attack, was mercifully spared any great 
air-raid disaster. The balance of this air-raid fund was 
transferred by consent of the subscribers to the Croydon Civic 
Service League, under Mayor Houlder, in 1919. 

Mrs. Summers, of Upper Norwood, whose son was killed 
in London, in an air-raid, received ^51 Treasury award, and the 
Treasury also sent £']0 to be divided between two other sufferers . 



..Ill, boo 








600 








475 








449 


9 


6 


. . 2,527 








;Ci5.65i 


9 


6 



THE MAYOR'S COMMITTEE 183 

Civilian cases of distress caused by the war, such for example 
as a lady of some position left absolutely penniless because all 
her income was derived from remittances from Turkey, and 
many similar distressful cases, were sent up when ascertained 
by the Ward Secretaries, to the Town Hall, and referred by 
the Town Clerk and Mr. A. E. Welstead to the weekly, 
and subsequently monthly. Relief Sub-Committee. The total 
number of such cases assisted by weekly grants was 532, and 
the cost was ;/^3,026 i6s. lod. On the 15th September, 1919, 
the then outstanding cases were taken over by the War Relief 
Trustees, and the Committee ceased to exist. 

It is interesting to place on record that the great monument 
of public beneficence called the National Relief Fund, translated 
into actual figures, meant no less than £6,437,733 ; the largest 
sum of the kind ever raised in the history of the World. 



Mayor's Account. 
NATIONAL RELIEF FUND. 



Financial Statement to 30th June, 1919- 



Receipts. 

£ s. d. 

Subscriptions Received . . . . . . . . 20,522 711 

Interest on Deposit Account . . . . . . 419 4 5 

Interest on £4,000 four per cent. National War 

Loan . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 o o 



£21,108 12 4 

Payments. 

£ s. d. 
Amount paid over to the Prince of Wales Fund 

(National Relief Fund) .. .. ..16,008 6 4 

Registration Fee .. .. .. .. .. 050 

Balance — £ s. d. 

Cash at Bank . ., .. 1,100 i o 

£4,000 four per cent. National 

War Loan . . . . . . 4,000 o o 

5, 100 I o 



£21,108 12 4 



Wm. Peet, F.C.A., J. H. McCall, 

Hon. Auditor. Borough Accountant. 



V. War Pensions Committee 

The alleviation of the difficulties necessarily arising in the 
families of working folk where the breadwinner has gone to 
fight for his country, and rent, clothes and food are suddenly 
all to seek, had for many years been the task of the Soldiers' and 
Sailors' Families' Association, and the care of the men disabled 
by war was in like manner the task of the Soldiers' and Sailors' 
Help Society. The Croydon Branch of the Soldiers' and Sailors' 
Families' Association when it resumed active work in August, 
1914, on the outbreak of war, found a home at the Guild of Help 
Offices in Park Street, whence it was soon forced (for lack of 
accommodation) to remove to the Head Quarters of the Fourth 
Queen's in Poplar Walk. 

At this time the Croydon Branches of these two societies 
covered a wide area, extending from Mitcham to Caterham. 
When the Fourth Queen's were mobihsed (5th August, 1914), 
and recruiting at once began for the regular army, the civilian 
distresses above referred to instantly made themselves manifest. 
Fortunately the two Associations had a small sum (about ;Ci5o) 
unspent after the Boer War, and this gave them a day or two's 
start. No arrangements had been made for the prompt issue of 
separation allowances, payment of rent, etc., and, further, the 
Mayor was being pressed, as were all Mayors, to take these matters 
into his own care, since the all-important recruiting was being 
interfered with by these rapidly accumulating cases of hardship. 
Too many men being warned by the troubles their neighbours 
had incurred, answered the appeal of the earnest recruiters, 
official or voluntary, with the incontrovertible " I don't mind 
goin', Gov'nor ; but what about the Missus and the Kids ? " 
It was also evident that in the interest of efficiency the Borough 
must be separated from the rural areas ; and very soon, therefore, 
the Soldiers' and Sailors' Association work in the Borough was 
taken over by a newly formed " Croydon Borough Division " 
of the Association, the Mayor (Alderman Denning) being its 
President, and Sir Frederick Edridge its Vice-President, the 
Town Clerk (Dr. Newnham) its Honorary Secretary and 
Honorary Solicitor, and the Borough Treasurer (Mr. Gunner) 
its Honorary Treasurer. And at the same time the whole of 
the (Borough) Association was moved from Poplar Walk to the 
Town Hall, and Ward Committees were set up in each Ward, 
with the proper machinery of chairmen, secretaries, etc., for the 
discovery and investigation of cases needing assistance. In this 



WAR PENSIONS COMMITTEE 185 

way the organisations and power of the Town Hall authorities 
could be fully applied to the work, which was immediately 
set on foot, the Mayor devoting himself to it with all his well- 
known vigour. With the Town Clerk were associated Miss May 
Donaldson and Mr. Francis Allen (now Mr. Councillor Allen, 
M.B.E.) as acting Secretaries. After a time Miss Donaldson 
retired and the enormous amount of daily work was shouldered 
by Mr. Francis Allen, with whom Sir Frederick Edridge was 
ever in co-operation. The original Croydon Branch of the 
Soldiers' and Sailors' Families Association (rural area) still 
continued its beneficial work with Mr. William Ashcroft as its 
Honorary Secretary 

The " Croydon Borough Division of the Soldiers' and 
Sailors'Families Association" (as its official title ran) worked in 
close co-operation with the " Mayor's Committee for the pre- 
vention and relief of distress arising out of the war," and in fact 
was run almost as a special division of the Mayor's Committee. 
The funds which became immediately necessary in considerable 
amounts for this and other forms of War distress, were provided 
through the Prince of Wales's Fund ; a little later on they were 
drawn from the Statutory Committee presently to be described ; 
and finally they were provided by the Ministry of Pensions 
when that Ministry was set up in 1916 ; and remittances for 
treatment of disabled men, &c , are still (January, 1920) provided 
by that Ministry, and continue to require as much as j^ 10,000 
a month. 

We have indicated the organisation for 19 14 and 1915. But 
during 1915 the Naval and Military Pensions Act made certain 
provisions relating " to pensions, grants and allowances made in 
respect of the present war," and the care of officers and men 
disabled in consequence of the war ; that is, it proceeded to 
take over the work of the two societies already named. It went 
on to order the Royal Patriotic Fund Corporation to set up a 
Statutory Committee to administer the Act, and the Government 
of the day financed this Statutory Committee with a million 
pounds, the Prince of Wales becoming its Chairman. An 
early movement of this body was on 21st February, 1916, to 
instruct the new Mayor of Croydon (Alderman Houlder) to 
form at once a " War Pensions Committee," which was done, 
and which took up its work on 15th May, 1916. The plan 
followed under the Mayor's Committee, and now agreed still to 
be continued, was to refer the cases, which were pouring in, to 
their own Wards for investigation. As has already been stated, 
Ward Committees had been set up for this purpose at the 
beginning of the war, and many of the principal inhabitants of 
Croydon were members of such Committees. The Ward 



i86 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

Secretaries, after investigation, applied to the Town Hall for 
the necessary grants in approved cases, and prompt relief was 
forthcoming. It is difficult, when all worked so hard and for 
so long a time, to give names without running the risk of leaving 
out the names of others equally deserving of mention ; but the 
Editor has had the following list given him, by fellow- workers on 
the War Pensions Committee, of those who, amongst others, 
devoted much time to this service, both during the first two years 
of the war under the Mayor's Committee and subsequently, in 
many cases in similar capacities, under the War Pensions 
Committee itself : Aldermen Allen, Betteridge, King, Lillico, 
and Trumble ; Councillors Allen, Heath Clark, Camden Field, 
Muggeridge, Peet, Stubbs, and Thomson ; Canon White- 
Thomson ; Major Hubbard ; Messrs R. Andress, W. Ashcroft, 
J. R. Browning, F. H. Carey, Bryan Harland, Henry Lee, 
L. A. Marshall, and F, Theobalds ; Mesdames Brain, Hetley, 
de Layen, Douglas Moore, Nealon, Newnham, and Squire ; 
Sister Olive ; and the Misses Benbow, Berney, CoUyer, 
Donaldson, Wilson, and Duncan. It must be understood that 
these are only a few of the names of the more devoted workers,, 
as supplied by their appreciative colleagues. 

The success of the whole organisation, which was very great, 
in preventing distress, and in coping with it when it had in 
some cases already arisen without the knowledge of the 
Committee, and in administering to the comfort of the families 
whose bread-winners were serving their country, was largely due 
to the quiet, patient and incessant work of these Ward Com- 
mittees and their helpers. 

And we must not forget also to add an expression of our 
sense of the willing labours of the Medical Officer of Health 
(Dr. R. Veitch Clark) and his staff; the Tuberculosis Officer, 
(Dr. Agnes Bernfeld), the Inspectors of Licences (Mr. Harry 
Sidey, formerly a Councillor, and Mr. H. Jenkins, formerly Chief 
Inspector of Police at Croydon), who did an immense amount 
of valuable work as investigators of special cases ; and Mr. 
A. E. Welstead of the Town Clerk's Office, who was really the 
Town Clerk's private secretary through these trying years, and 
whose activity, willingness and courtesy every one connected 
with the work gratefully acknowledged. The staff in the office 
of the Borough Accountant (Mr. McCall), beyond Messrs. 
Sidey and Jenkins above-mentioned, also need a word of thanks, 
if only because their labours are known to so very few. In 
November, 1918, all the Civil-liabilities grants were transferred 
from the Post Offices to the Borough Accountant's Office, and 
at the same time the system of payment of rent-grants to the 
landlords against the vouchers previously issued to the tenants 



WAR PENSIONS COMMITTEE 187 

by the Committee, was stopped. This involved payment to each 
one of a very large number of tenants, instead of to a com- 
paratively few landlords, or landlords' agents. When about 
3,000 persons arrived, on the first pay-day under the new system, 
consternation reigned ; and arrangements were swiftly made to 
divide this large transaction amongst the separate Wards by means 
of pay-stations. Even then the counting out and preparation of 
so large a number of money-parcels kept a large staff many extra 
hours at work every month, and this was voluntary labour, 
cheerfully undertaken. The arrangements for distribution at the 
pay-stations kept twelve members of the staff at work for three 
days every month. As with the counting of the money on Flag 
Days, referred to elsewhere, these many hours of unpaid extra 
service on the part of the Borough Accountant's Staff call for 
our grateful recognition. 

Beside the two parent Soldiers' and Sailors' Associations, 
who continued the chief administration of the work in their 
Town Hall guise as described above, many other public bodies 
had representatives upon the War Pensions Committee, such as 
the Territorial Force Association for Surrey, the Croydon 
Chamber of Commerce, the Croydon Trades and Labour Council 
and the Women's Co-Operative Guild, with the addition of 
certain prominent citizens ; so that every organisation was in 
touch with the War Pensions Committee that had any claim so 
to be. 

From first to last the Croydon Borough Division of the 
Soldiers' and Sailors' Families Association received ;(^i3,i33, out 
of which a balance of £^1 rem.ained at 30th June, 1919, and this 
was paid over to the Association. Our division of the Soldiers' 
and Sailors' Help Society received ^{^639, and had in hand at 
the close a balance of £"], which was paid over to the parent 
Society, 

A Sub-Committee dealing with both branches of the work 
sat weekly at the Town Hall, its chairman being at first Alderman 
Sir Frederick Edridge, and afterwards Mr. Alderman Trumble ; 
and under its authority the actual day-to-day labour was under- 
taken by a special executive sub-committee, an exceptionally 
hardworking body. This daily executive varied a little as time 
went on, but the more permanent of its members were Councillor 
Francis Allen, Miss E. Berney, Miss Mary Collyer, and Mrs. 
Newnham. 

All allowances were at the discretion of the War Pensions 
Committee, whether the Government or the Committee provided 
the money for them ; and they could be withdrawn in cases of 
misconduct. Exceedingly few of such cases arose. As examples 



i88 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

of the work of the Committee may be mentioned : Advances 
made to wives until their separation allowance arrived, and 
similar advances to dependents ; grants towards rent ; additional 
grants, usually of 2/6 per week, to wives unable for valid reasons 
to work ; and grants to widowed mothers and their children 
or other dependents, to sisters of a soldier at the front who were 
looking after his motherless children, etc. These allowances 
were of course exclusive of the regulation separation allowances, 
grants to motherless children, etc. In the emergency of sickness 
5/- extra per week was allowed, and if the illness resulted in 
death a funeral grant of ^^ (or for children £2) was given, so 
that such charges might be prevented from falling upon the 
poor-rate. Further, if a child of a soldier had been admitted 
to any institution, an outfit was provided up to a cost of 3^2. 
In placing such children the late Miss Nash (Lady Probation 
Officer to the Magistrates) was at once invaluable and in- 
defatigable. War-widows awaiting their pensions received 
advances, and the Committee also defrayed urgent or necessary 
expenses resulting from the death of their husband, such as 
removal of the home, illness from shock, etc., up to ^^3. As 
for disabled men, they received an allowance until the Govern- 
ment allowance arrived ; and partly disabled men received a 
temporary allowance while under training for such work as they 
could attempt, or while in a convalescent home, to make up for 
the loss of earnings they would have gained had they not been 
disabled ; and when trained and waiting for an artificial limb, 
or for tools, or for a chance of employment, such men received 
appropriate grants up to a limit of £^ . 

Eventually, in November, 1916, the War Pensions Committee 
in conjunction with the Labour Exchange issued a labour- 
scheme, so well planned, thanks to the energy and ability of the 
Town Clerk, that it was circulated widely by the Employment 
Department of the Board of Trade as a model of what such a 
scheme should be. Other efforts were constantly made to help 
our war-worn defenders to make a fresh start in life. The 
Tramways Committee gave the convalescents free rides daily in 
the less crowded hours of the day ; and for many months the 
children and other dependents of men on service were medically 
treated without charge. When this last privilege was disallowed 
by the Government the Committee arranged for all such persons 
to be treated at the Croydon Dispensary, and contrived to pay 
their fees for them. 

In February, 1918, at the suggestion of the Ministry cf 
Pensions, two disabled discharged soldiers and one war-widow 
were added to the Committee ; these were ex-Sergeant Major 
Hill, ex-Sergeant Osmond, and Mrs. Cosedge, the widow of 
the late Councillor Cosedge. 



WAR PENSIONS COMMITTEE 



189 



A special Croydon Committee was formed to assist dis- 
charged, and especially disabled, men to become fit for work and 
to find work for them, and the Town Clerk and Mr. Councillor 
Stubbs were sent as Croydon delegates to advise a similar 
Committee formed by the Counties of Surrey, Kent and Sussex. 
Classes in commercial subjects, in electrical engineering, and 
other suitable subjects w^ere established for the benefit of these 
men by the Croydon Education Committee. The Minister of 
Pensions appointed Doctors Newby, Redfern and Willock 
Medical Referees for the examination and certification of disabled 
men ; and these Doctors with the addition of Doctors Genge 
and Veitch Clark were also made members of the " Disablement 
Sub-Committee," a new name for the " Discharged Soldiers 
Sub-Committee ." 

The Borough Accountant has with great courtesy prepared 
a general statement for this book of the expenditure of the War 
Pensions Committee (using this term to cover all the changes of 
designation of the same work done by the same people) for the 
years 191 7, 1918 and 1919. And as regards the Administrative 
Expenses of the Committee (which in the year 1919, for example, 
amounted to over ^(^2,500) it may be said that they were borne 
on the Corporation Accounts, but by a provision of 1917 the 
Corporation afterwards received from the Government two-thirds 
of this expenditure. 





1917. 


1918. 


1919. 


Number of 
cases in 
1919 only. 


Advances 

Separation Allowances 

Temporary (jrants 

Emergency Grants 

Gratuities 

Royal Warrant Orders, etc- 


£. s. 

2,246 6 

14,981 4 

344 17 

1,467 7 

243 15 

433 2 


d. 
9 

3 
1 

7 
4 
7 


£. s. d. 

2,243 3 10 

22,623 15 10 

9 18 6 

2,159 12 8 

750 14 8 

14,116 18 5 


£ s. d. 
6,161 3 4 
23,S65 3 3 

1,924 18 1 

69,109 15 3 


1.298 

7,000 

1,061 
4,596 




19,716 13 


7 


41,909 3 11 


101,160 19 11 


13,955 















It will be observed how rapidly the distress increased as 
the war went on. In 19 17 relief to about ,^20,000 was needed, 
but this was doubled in 1918, and quintupled in 1919 ! Better 
administration soon wiped out the temporary grants and 
emergency gratuities needed in the first years of the war, but the 
emergency grants (mostly in respect of rent) always remained a 
substantial sum. There were 3,000 wives and dependents in 
receipt of weekly rent allowances on 31st December, 1918, 
their total weekly drawings being £770. In the whole of 
1919, 1,061 persons received emergency grants of every kind, 
funerals (£209), assistance to disabled men {(^^oo) and other 
allowances. 



190 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

The payments under Royal Warrant are observed to grow 
rapidly, because these include treatment of disabled men, 
3^51,012 in 1919, their training for employment, fg,^^6, and 
pensions to widows of soldiers dying after their discharge ^1,674. 

As the v/ar progressed, more and more men were disabled, 
and the need for their treatment and training grew very rapidly, 
as the table shows. Other divisions had to be formed, until, 
as the War Pensions Committee reported to the Council on 
28th October, 1918, there were already at that time 23 separate 
branches of the Ministry of Pensions, each dealing with a distinct 
sphere of work, and this number continued to increase ! 

Much of this vast amount of voluntary work was brought to 
an end by the Ministry of Pensions in August, 191 9, taking a 
house at Katharine Street and carrying on the main administration 
with a paid official staff. The War Pensions Committee still, 
however, exists ; its Disablements Sub-Committee meets weekly, 
and other Sub-Committees at wider intervals. The work tends 
more and more to become centralised. The Soldiers' and 
Sailors' Families Association, and the Soldiers' and Sailors' Help 
Society found congenial new quarters under the wing of the 
Croydon Civic Service League, which now undertakes the 
whole administration of their Croydon Borough Division. 

Of all the chapters in this book the present one is perhaps 
that which has given the Editor the greatest pleasure to prepare, 
in spite of its complexity ; for it deals with the Borough's 
genuine endeavour to make the best return it could, however 
inadequate that return may appear, for the sacrifices of those 
brave men who laid down their lives for us and ours in the great 
war, and of those who at the price of their own disablement 
maintained us and ours unharmed. At the time of writing this, 
a further expression of the Borough's gratitude is on its way to 
fulfilment, a monument or cenotaph in front of the Town Hall 
to the memory of those who fell ; and indeed, this book is 
itself such a monument of another kind, perpetuating their very 
names in its Roll of Honour. But also it has been with pride 
that this record has been written of matters known very little 
beyond the Committee itself, a narrative of strenuous, long 
continued and unwearied efforts on the part of so many of our 
fellow citizens to carry into effect these poor expressions of our 
gratitude through the medium of the War Pensions Committee. 



VI. The Mayoress's Needle- 
work Committee. 

(Queen Mary's Needlework Guild) 

Simultaneously with the establishment of the " Mayor's 
Committee for the prevention and relief, etc.," in August, 1914, 
the Mayoress, Mrs. Denning, called together an Advisory Com- 
mittee, and organized subsidiary Ward Committees, in connection 
with Queen Mary's Needlework Guild. These Needlework 
Committees were to be considered as sub-committees of the 
Ward Committees under the Mayor's scheme ; but in reality 
they were independent in their action, and were highly 
industrious and useful bodies, providing a very large 
quantity of garments for the public need. All garments 
were sent to the Town Hall, and day after day the 
Mayoress and Lady Edridge and others were examining 
and classifying them, their willing helpers distributing 
certain garments for relief in Croydon according to the grants 
made by the Central Committee, and in these local relief cases 
the garments were stamped with the initials of the Mayoress's 
Committee to secure them against being sold or pawned. Many 
wives and families were of course left in some distress in Croydon 
by the going away to the war of the husband and bread winner. 
Queen Mary, in her practical way, sent a caution to the Mayoress 
(and other ladies in similar positions) warning them that care 
should be taken not to injure the employment of sempstresses and 
others, and also that only such garments should be made for 
soldiers and sailors as the War Office and Admiralty would be 
unlikely to buy, a list of Government issues being appended to 
the circular as things to be avoided. " All kinds of garments 
will be needed for distribution in the winter," the Queen's 
circular concluded, " if there is exceptional distress." Obediently 
to the Queen's command, sempstresses in need of work were 
commissioned to make garments by their Ward Committees and 
were given material and paid for their work at the cost of the 
Central Committee, but most of the work was from first to last 
unpaid. 

The old Minute-book makes an interesting reading, and 
gives fragmentary peeps into this strenuous time. Mayoress 
Denning reports to her Advisory Committee one day (24th 
September) that she has about ^^40 in hand, and it is agreed to 



192 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

buy socks for the Croydon Territorials with it ; but she points 
out that more shirts still are needed for the Fourth Queen's. 
Yet at the same time she is authorised to send loo shirts to the 
Y.M.C.A. depots at Newhaven and Shorncliffe, with socks to 
match. Someone sends her a bale of cloth, someone else offers 
to get it made into boys' suits in London at her own expense. 
On 1 2th October, 19 14, we find her reporting that she has 
received over 13,500 garments and other articles, and has dis- 
tributed (under proper precautions) 11,595 » ^^^ bad work for 
two months. And at the same time she reports that every man 
in the Fourth Queen's and the S.E. Mounted Brigade Transport 
and Supply Column has now a good flannel shirt, socks, and a 
blanket ; and that large numbers of these and other stores have 
been sent to Army stations and to the Red Cross and St. John 
Ambulance Societies. Then in December Mayoress Denning 
tells her committee how a letter of hers in the Croydon Press 
has brought her 1,541 Christmas puddings for the troops at the 
front, and how the Croydon and District War Supplies Clearing 
House has been of great assistance to her in collecting and 
despatching this gift. 

On 3rd March Mayoress Denning reports to her Committee 
that a Military Hospital is to be established in Croydon, and 
that forthwith they must set to work on 2,000 bed jackets, 
2,000 nightshirts, 2,000 draw-sheets, 500 pillow-slips, as well as 
bed socks, handkerchiefs, hot water bottle covers, etc., etc., and 
(typical of her worship's warm heart) a warm shirt for every man 
when his turn came to be discharged from the Hospital. Promptly 
orders were sent to the Ward Committees, dividing out the work 
amongst them ; and suggestions that " Comforts-funds " for the 
sufferers should be started. The Wards responded nobly with 
15,000 garments and the Matron of the Military Hospital found 
herself well supplied by the time her 1,000 wounded arrived. 
About this time it was found possible to cease the distribution 
of clothing to military, naval and civilian cases in the Borough ; 
and that was opportune, for the Matron of the Military Hospital, 
not content with her 15,000 garments, found she needed 200 
dressing gowns, 100 pyjamas, 60 screen covers, and more day 
shirts. At the same time Col. Watney wanted 500 more 
respirators. So the 100 pyjamas were struck out as luxuries in 
favour of the so necessary soldiers' respirators. Col. Watney 
was just taking out the 2/4th Queen's to Gallipoli, and besides 
the respirators he desired 1,000 pairs of socks. Says the 
Mayoress on 8th July, 1915, " I have sent him the whole of the 
stock I had in hand and all I have been able to get at short notice 
— altogether some 800 pairs " — which was a fine response. She 
goes on to add " There is a constant demand for extra socks for 
men on active service and for men in training, and I shall always 



MAYORESS'S NEEDLEWORK COMMITTEE 193 

be glad to receive and send to the regiments requiring them as 
many socks as possible." She notes that her total of garments 
up to date is 27,000 for the eleven months of the War ! 

Then comes the Hospital Matron again in early October 
with a requisition for scarves, woollen gloves, Cardigan jackets, 
and coloured blankets ; and the harassed Mayoress puts aside 
an appeal for comforts made by Queen Mary (as winter is now 
drawing on) in order to make a desperate attempt to satisfy the 
exigeant Matron. Presently Col. Deane (Commandant of the 
War Hospitals) applies in December for the assistance of ladies 
in hospital service and in the recreation rooms, and the 
Mayoress forms a rota for each hospital. The work of these 
ladies is briefly recorded in the chapter on the Medical and 
Hospital Services. As 20 ladies were present at the committee 
when this matter was so efficiently organised, the Mayoress had 
the happy idea to bind them all to send 12 mince pies each to the 
hospitals for Christmas ; but many more than 240 were actually 
contributed. 

In February, 1916, the Mayor (Aid. Frank Denning) died 
suddenly, and Mrs. Denning ceased to be Mayoress ; and the 
(Needlework) Mayoress's Committee, which she had conducted 
so efficiently and which had provided so generously for the 
needs of the soldiers and sailors, the hospitals and the poor, as 
far as clothing was concerned now came to an end. The 
Council recorded " their sincere appreciation of her devoted 
work for so many months," and to LadyEdridge also was given, 
as the last act of the Mayoress's Committee, a hearty vote of 
thanks for her great and long-continued assistance in collecting 
and sorting the garments given to the Fund. And though 
Mayoress Denning did not long survive her husband, her 
memory is yet with us, as that of one who gave her whole energy 
to the fulfilment of her high office, and these notes on her 
especial committee show how well she accomplished her work, 
and with what affectionate and loyal support she was assisted 
by the ladies of the Borough, It has been Croydon's great 
good fortune to have capable Mayoresses, but none have had 
quite such strenuous times thrust upon them as Mrs. Denning 
and her admirable successor Mrs. Houlder. Many garments 
still remained when the Needlework Fund was closed, and these 
were distributed, as suitable occasions presented themselves, by 
the new Mayoress. The Mayoress's War Fund Committee 
established by Mayoress Houlder in 1916 is the subject of the 
following chapter. 



VII. Mayoress's War Fund 
Committee 

This committee was formed by the Mayoress (Mrs. 
Houlder) in May, 1916, to aid the District Association of 
Voluntary Organisations, and to provide comforts and clothing 
for sailors and soldiers and their wives and families, and for the 
relief of prisoners of war and like objects. 

Funds were raised by subscriptions, by a Flag Day, and by 
the collection and sale of waste paper, etc. The total amount 
raised and distributed was 3(^3,527 5^. 8^. 

As examples of the way in which the funds were distributed 
we may mention a few characteristic items : " Daily Telegraph " 
Christmas Pudding Fund (1916), jC^iSy lys. id. ; Prisoners of 
War Fund, £135 19^. ^d. ; Grants to Voluntary Working 
Organisations, £137 i^. yd. ; Road Construction Battalion in 
France, 3^26 $s. od. ; Hospital Supply Depot, £50 os. od. ; 
Serbian Help Society, ;(jioo o^. od. ; Fourth Queen's Funds, 
5^50 05. od. ; Grants to Croydon District Association of Voluntary 
Organisations, ;(^i,22i 3* 3</., etc. 

The balance (3^160) was paid to the Croydon Borough 
Division of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Families Association and 
the Croydon Borough Division of the Soldiers' and Sailors' 
Help society in equal amounts of ,^173 los. od. each, and 
the remainder (3(^263 105. o^.) went towards paying the cost of 
the maintenance and training, in the Croydon Training-home 
for Young Servants, Morland Road, of six daughters of men 
who had served in the Navy or Army or Air-force during the 
war. 



VIII. Mayoress's Flag Day 
Committee 

The Mayoress's Flag Day Committee was founded by 
Mrs. Denning (Mayoress from the outbreak of War in 1914, to 
February, 1916), and was continued by Mrs. Houlder, who 
succeede4 her as Mayoress. Between December, 1914, and 
June, 1 91 9, the Committee organised twenty-eight Flag Days — 
including five Alexandra-Rose-Day Collections and one special 
■collection for the Surrey Prisoners of War Fund — amounting in 
the aggregate to £iS,i6o gs. od., and benefiting over sixty 
societies and organisations. 

The following ladies constituted the later committee, 
covering the greater part of the period from February, 191 6, 
onwards ; that is, after the lamented death of Mayor Denning : 
the Mayoress (Mrs. Howard Houlder), Lady Edridge, Miss 
Betteridge, Mrs. Douglas, Mrs. Feaver, Mrs. Hetley, Mrs. 
Lillico, Mrs. Martin, Mrs. Newnham, Mrs. Redfern, Councillor 
Mrs. Roberts, Mrs. Rogers, Mrs. Stapleton, Mrs. Trumble 
(ex-Mayoress), Mrs. Warren, Mrs. Welman, Mrs. Wright ; and 
they were assisted by 450 collectors who sold emblems in the 
streets, whatever the weather might be. In fine weather 
perhaps it was not so very trying, but in cold wintry weather a 
certain heroic endurance had to be summoned forth. 

The details are so interesting that we have considered it 
advisable to give the entire list of the twenty-nine appeals with, 
their results, as audited by the Borough Accountant, Mr. J. H, 
McCall. This seems a fitting opportunity to recognise the 
enormous amount of work thrown upon the Borough Treasurer 
(Mr. W. Gunner) and subsequently on the Borough Accountant 
and their staff (amongst whom Mr. Harland rendered special 
assistance) in connection with these numerous funds, with their 
many unavoidable complexities, all of it being cheerfully under- 
taken and most successfully carried out. We should also 
acknowledge the valuable assistance rendered by the Manager 
of the Union Bank (Mr. Worman) and his staff, particularly 
by Mr. Roffey ; and the valuable help rendered by the Assistant 
Town Clerk, Mr. Samuel Jacobs. 



196 



CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 



1914. 

(Mrs. Denning). 
Dec. 19 — Belgian Flag-Day . . 

1915- 

June 23 — Alexandra-Rose-Day 
Oct. 16 — Serbian Flag-Day . . 
Nov. 18 — Russian Flag-Day . 
Dec. 18 — Belgian Flag-Day . . 

1916. 

Jan. 20 — " Our Day " (Red Cross Flag-Day) 

(Mrs. Houlder). 
Mar. 17 — Irish Soldiers'-Day 
May 13 — Mayoress's Flag-Day 
June 21 — Alexandra-Rose-Day 
July 14 — French Flag-Day . . 
Sep. 30 — Russian Flag-Day . . 
Oct. 19—" Our Day " (Red Cross Flag-Day) 
Nov. 18 — Kitchener Day (Roll of Honour) . 

1917. 

Mar. I — ^Welsh Flag-Day 

May 9— R.S.P.C.A. (Wounded Horses) . . 

June 20 — Alexandra-Rose-Day 

July 6—" Silent Tribute Day " (Lord Roberts 

Memorial Workshops) 
July 14 — French Flag-Day . . 
Aug. I — Lord Roberts Memorial Fund 
Oct. 18—" Our Day " (British Red Cross Flag-Day) 
Dec. I — Life-Boat-Day 

1918. 

Mar. 22—" Y.W.C.A." (Women's Day) 

May 1 1 — Surrey Prisoners of War Fund 

May II — Do. Special Collection 

June 4 — Church Army Hut Day . . 

June 19 — Alexandra-Rose-Day 

July 12 — French Flag-Day . . 

Oct. 24 — " Our Day " (British Red Cross Flag Day) 1269 

1919. 

May 15 — Lord Roberts Memorial Workshop Fund 

June 26 — Alexandra-Rose-Day 



Amount 
collected. 

I ■v. d. 
394 9 5 



550 i« 3 
480 5 n 
430 10 10 
328 3 6 



475 



311 


2 


6 


444 
577 
640 


8 
6 
8 


5 
6 

7 


454 
738 
208 


4 
18 

4 


2 

5 
10 


298 
238 


18 
4 


11 
8 


417 


7 


10 


276 


10 


8 


351 


14 


6 


414 
697 
283 




9 
12 




10 

5 


334 
7o5 


2 
10 


5 


5003 


15 


6 


324 


12 


10 


539 

366 

1269 


17 
12 

5 


10 

I 
5 


129 


17 


I 


491 


14 






^18,160 9 o 



IX. Belgian Refugees Fund 

(Croydon War Refugees Committee) 

In the Autumn of 1914 the then Mayor — the late Mr. 
Alderman Frank Denning — opened a fund to be used for the 
benefit of Belgian Refugees who were at that time arriving in 
Croydon (August, 1914). Many private houses (" hostels ") 
were at once generously devoted to their reception ; whilst 
other refugees were cared for by a small self-appointed committee 
which took the name of the " Belgian Refugees Committee." 
Between 800 and 900 Belgians found shelter in the Borough 
during the earlier months of the Great War. 

As soon as possible a representative committee covering 
the whole Borough was formed, and took the name of the Croydon 
War Refugees Committee (to distinguish it from the small 
" Belgian Refugees Committee " above referred to), Mr. 
Alderman H. Keatley Moore being Chairman, Miss Scarff, Hon. 
Secretary, and Mr. Bryan Harland, Hon. Treasurer. Two 
sub-committees dealing with questions of housing, and of 
furniture and clothing, were appointed ; their Secretaries being 
Miss Rhoda Brodie, M.B.E., and Mrs. Douglas, respectively ; 
and through the excellent work of these ladies and their many 
helpers, comparative comfort and adequate housing were assured 
to many Belgians during their term of exile. During the whole 
time of the activity of the Croydon War Refugees Committee 
it was generously granted the use of the offices of the Croydon 
Guild of Help, and in many other ways was assisted by that 
Guild. 

Grants were made to refugees from the Mayor's Fund, 
through the Borough War Refugees Committee, and also through 
the " Belgian Refugees Committee " ; and the managers of the 
hostels, a number of which had been opened in various parts of 
the town, were also helped, through the War Refugees Committee, 
to carry on their beneficent work. The generosity of owners 
of empty houses, who lent them to be used as hostels, in most 
cases rent-free, deserves recognition. Furniture and clothing 
were contributed in considerable quantities, and their distribution 
was made possible through the kindness of Alderman Major 
Fox, T.D., who lent his large hall in Park Street to be used as a 
store. A quantity of meat, sent weekly from the central War- 
refugees association, was distributed to refugees by the friendly 
aid of Miss West, North End, who kindly also organised the 



198 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

cutting-up and weighing. The costs of administration were 
chiefly met by the Mayor's Fund ; at the same time it must be 
added that other sums, of which we have been unable to learn 
the details or even the gross amount, were locally raised by the 
" Belgian Refugees Committee " above named, and by many of 
the local managers of numerous hostels, especially those at 
Thornton Heath and South Norwood. Schools opened their 
doors to Belgian pupils at reduced fees, or, in necessitous cases, 
without any fees at all ; medical and dental practitioners placed 
their services gratuitously at the disposal of the refugees ; and 
other similar kind offices were rendered to them on all sides. 

The Belgians themselves were not slow to recognise the 
fact that they were very well cared for in our town : and it is 
gratifying to find, in many a letter received since their return 
to Belgium, the wish expressed that they " might be in Croydon 
once again." 

One of the most serious problems that had to be faced in 
connection with the Belgian Refugees was the question of their 
employment. In many towns workshops were opened where 
various articles, such as saddlery for Service use, furniture, etc., 
might be manufactured. The Belgian Government undertook 
to supply raw material and tools, if the other organisation could 
be undertaken locally. Such an employment scheme was 
explained to Croydon at a meeting at the Town Hall in March, 
1915, by Sir Ernest Hatch and Count Goblet d'Alviella, and a 
committee to deal with the employment of Belgian refugees in 
Croydon was appointed, with the Mayor (the late Mr. Alderman 
Denning) as Chairman, and the Town Clerk (Dr. Newnham) 
and Mrs. Redfern as Hon. Secretaries. A workshop was 
opened in premises belonging to the Corporation in High Street ; 
various builders kindly lent carpenters' benches, and wood and 
tools were sent by the Belgian Government. In this little 
workshop about a dozen Belgians were employed for a year in 
making excellent household furniture, under the able supervision 
of Mr. Maylam, of George Street, who gave much valuable time 
and attention to the work. The furniture was ultimately 
shipped to the Headquarters of the Belgian Government at 
Havre. As all these Belgian workmen were receiving hospitality 
in hostels, they were only paid a small weekly sum by way of 
pocket money — the Mayor's Fund providing this payment. 

Similarly several Belgian women were employed in the 
making of plain garments for women and children, under the 
auspices of Queen Mary's Needlework Guild, at the Adult 
School Hall, Park Lane. Miss Allport kindly superintended 
this work and arranged for the Belgians to join the meals of the 



BELGIAN REFUGEES FUND 199 

Croydon workers. Altogether some 350 useful garments were 
made, these also being sent to Havre for the use of Belgian 
refugees in France. 

Gradually, as enlistment proceeded and Croydon was drained 
of its workmen by the Army, general work became available, 
and Belgians were absorbed into various occupations, many of 
them being placed through the direct instrumentality of the 
Employment Committee ; till finally, when conscription became 
law, every Belgian who had not already been enrolled in the 
ranks of the army of his own country, easily found work ; and the 
Employment Committee came automatically to an end. 

The Croydon War Refugees Committee, in case any emer- 
gency should arise, remained in being, though its work in the last 
years of the war gradually decreased to a minimum, until nth 
April, 1 9 19, when it held its last meeting and was formally 
dissolved. 

The Committee, with the approval of the Charity Com- 
missioners, paid the balance to Cardinal Mercier's Fund for 
Destitute Belgians. 

The Belgian Refugees Fund received in the aggregate 
^1,147 14J. 6d., of which ,(^722 was provided by the proceeds 
of the two December Flag-Days in 19 14 and 1915, ;(^44 was 
collected by some of the churches in the borough, and ^27 by 
the schools. 



X. Sailors' and Soldiers' 
Recreation Rooms 



In September, 19 15, Miss Edith Carr and Miss Kathleen 
Taylor, as a personal enterprise of their own, opened rooms at 
42, High-street, Croydon, for the benefit of soldiers billeted in 
the town and the men in the six large military hospitals. The 
rooms were from the first well patronised, and the numbers 
steadily increased until towards the end fully 5,000 men came in 
each week in winter. 

From ten in the morning till half-past nine at night, light 
refreshments were served at a very cheap rate (2 cups of tea, 
coffee or cocoa for id., cake id., eggs at cost price, and so on). 
Large quantities of stewed fruit and custard also were consumed. 
Although everything was so cheap the work was practically self- 
supporting after the initial expense. No cards were allowed, 
but billiards, chess and draughts were all free, and there was 
always plenty of music. The men always seemed thoroughly 
happy, and often said what a great boon the place was to them. 
They came not only for food, but stayed on to rest and read and 
write — notepaper being provided free. 

Sunday was usually an especially happy and busy day. At 
5.15 p.m. there was a service taken by Miss Taylor, which was 
always well attended ; and later in the evening, before prayers 
at nine o'clock, hymns with an occasional sacred solo were sung 
for nearly an hour, the men choosing what they wished. There 
was also a short service on Friday evenings, and prayers every 
evening at 8.45. The men were most responsive to these 
services, and many have written grateful letters saying how they 
had been blessed and helped. 

The daily work was arranged in two shifts, seven helpers 
in each. All the help was voluntary. About 180 ladies 
took part during the 3I years, three of whom. Miss Cutler, 
Miss Kathleen Humble and Miss May Taylor were regular 
helpers the whole time. During the last two years Miss Wight- 
man and Miss Marshall rendered excellent service. 

At the closing of the room the helpers gave some handsome 
silver presents to Miss Carr and Miss Taylor to show their 
appreciation. 



SERVICES RECREATION ROOMS 201 

The weekly takings were for some time about £^0, but for 
several weeks over ,{^80 was taken, the highest being £<)i los. 
in one week. No public subscription was raised, but during the 
time the rooms were opened friends subscribed £120. After all 
accounts were settled ^22 of the surplus money was given to 
Reedham Orphanage, Purley, and the remaining balance (£2^) 
was used for sending working women and others for short 
much-needed holidays. The rooms were closed on Sunday, 
ist June, 1919. 

"Popular Canteen" for Sailors and Soldiers, 
Hi^h Street, South Norwood 
It was in November, 1916, that the Military Authorities 
decided to billet soldiers in vacant premises in South Norwood. 
The Vicar, the Rev. John Warner, invited representatives from 
the Established and Free Churches in the district to join him in 
inaugurating a place of recreation and refreshment for the soldiers. 
It was felt that such an institution was absolutely necessary for 
the well-being of the men. Fifty pounds was subscribed to 
finance the undertaking, premises in High Street, South Norwood, 
were secured, and the Canteen opened its doors on 4th 
December, 1916. 

The General Committee consisted of the Minister and two 
members of each congregation. Miss A. F. Carter was Lady 
Superintendent (afterwards assisted by Miss F. Verner), Mrs. 
Long was Secretary, Mrs. Sumpter, Assistant Secretary, and Mr. 
W. F. Castle, Hon. Treasurer. In September, 1917, Mr. E. P. 
Jones took over the arduous duties of Mrs. Long and Miss 
Sumpter, and worked till the close. The following ladies took 
charge of the cooking arrangements : Mrs. Trezise, Miss 
Emblem, Mrs. Leggett, Mrs. Stringer, Miss Gattrell, Miss 
Morton, Miss Wildish, Mrs. Groves, Mrs. Nickerson and Mrs. 
Godsmark. Each of these ladies was assisted by a willing band 
of about a dozen helpers each evening, comprising both ladies 
and gentlemen, so that in all there were over one hundred 
workers. The canteen was greatly appreciated as the numerous 
letters since received from all parts of the globe help to prove. 
The following gentlemen on their respective evenings assisted 
in the amusement of the men : Rev. W. Trezise (who had been 
Mayor Denning's Chaplain), Messrs. Groves, Bailey, Moore, 
Albert Nickerson, Tennent, Robinson, Leggett, Baumer, Davis, 
Hacker, Jones and Vale. A special word is due to Mr. Vale, 
who was in attendance at the door for three nights every week for 
2^ years, from 5 to 9.30 p.m. 

Three billiard tables and other games were provided for the 
entertainment of the men, and rooms for reading and writing. 



202 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

There was also a bath-room, the use of which was a great boon, 
as proved by its often being booked up several nights beforehand. 

During the winter months a concert was held every Monday 
evening. Amongst the concert givers were Mr. and Mrs. 
Edward A. Martin, Mr. Back, " The 'Owlers Concert Party," 
and the Ai Pierrot Troupe. Whist drives were held once a 
month, the helpers kindly providing the prizes. 

Miss A. F. Carter, the Lady Superintendent, catered for 
the men most admirably, notwithstanding the stress of short 
rations. The average attendance was 250 men nightly, and the 
amount of work entailed will be evidenced by the fact that about 
200,000 meals were served, which produced, in small amounts, 
the gross total of 5(^3,600 during the period of 2^ years that the 
canteen remained open. 

The canteen closed on 7th March, 1919, with a Whist Drive, 
and free refreshments were on this occasion served to all the men 
as a parting send-off. 

The Canteen was registered as a charity, and the balance 
at the wind-up (£525) was allocated as follows : — 

Waifs & Strays Society, South Norwood . 
St. Dunstan's Home for BHnded Soldiers 
Croydon General Hospital . 
National Children's Home & Orphanage. . 

The above donations to be used exclusively for the benefit 
of disabled sailors, soldiers, or their dependents, or for the 
benefit of dependents of deceased sailors or soldiers. 

Canteen Clubs 

In the autumn of 191 6 two Canteen Clubs in connexion 
with All Saints' Church, Upper Norwood, were opened at the 
instigation of Miss Cutler, for the use of the men of the R.A.S.C, 
and other units, which had been billeted in large numbers at 
about this time in Church Road, Auckland Road, South Norwood 
Hill, and elsewhere in the district. Numerous members of the 
congregation were responsible for running these, amongst whom 
may be specially mentioned Mr. Skyrme, Mrs. Aste, and Mrs. 
Cartwright, who undertook the difficult task of catering. The 
men showed their deep appreciation of the trouble taken on 
their behalf by presenting the Parish with a framed address 
and photograph, which has been placed on the wall in the porch 
of All Saints' Church as a souvenir of the Great War. 



I 


S. 


d. 


25 








150 








150 








200 









SERVICES RECREATION ROOMS 203 

Mrs. Sutherland Gill with an influential Committee opened 
a Canteen Club in St. John's Hall, Sylvan Road, on the arrival 
of the R.A.S.C. in Upper Norwood. She was at once sur- 
rounded by ready helpers. Those men who required a quiet 
room in which to read and write much enjoyed the opportunity 
afforded them. A liberal supply of refreshments was provided, 
for which the men paid a nominal sum, writing materials were 
given, and cigarettes and even matches could be obtained without 
difficulty. The large number of men who visited the Club daily 
proved the success of the undertaking. 

Other canteens and recreation rooms which did similar 
excellent work were established in other parts of Upper Norwood, 
as that at St. Aubyn's Hall, and that conducted by the National 
Union of Women Workers Club under the name of the Comrades 
Club, at Westow Street, Upper Norwood, where a specially 
large amount of work was done amongst the men of the Navy, 
R.N.V.R., etc., stationed at what will long be known as H.M.S. 
Crystal Palace. 

In addition, at each of the Croydon Public Libraries 
special writing tables with writing materials w'ere provided, 
which were in continuous use, and special arrangements were 
made whereby men in hospital or billeted in the town could 
borrow books without any intervening " red tape." 



XI. Croydon Local Central 
War Savings Committee 

This Committee was formed in March, 1916, at the invitation 
of the National War Savings Committee (set up in the preceding 
month b^/ the Chancellor of the Exchequer) under the presidency 
of the Mayor and Mayoress (Mr, and Mrs. Houlder); Mr. 
Councillor Stevenson being Chairman, and Mr. Councillor C. 
Heath Clark (Mayor in 1919) Vice-Chairman. The Town 
Clerk was Chairman of the Organising Committee, the Borough 
Treasurer and Borough Accountant were Honorary Treasurers, 
Mr. Coimcillor Peet and Mr. Baster, Honorary Auditors, and 
Mrs. Colchester, M.B.E,, Honorary Secretary. 

The Committee's aim was the formation of Associations for 
War Saving ; and as a result of a vigorous propaganda, no less 
than loi such Associations, with a gross membership of about 
8,500, were in operation within six months. Subsidiary com- 
mittees were formed in connection with the various " weeks " 
and other special efforts, including Food Economy, War Loan of 
1917, War Bonds Campaigns, Victory Loan Campaign, etc. ; 
and 118 of the leading ladies and gentlemen of Croydon served 
upon them. 

The following remarkable money-results, amongst others, 
were obtained : — 

Tank Day (i6th March, 1917) realised l^SZyiJo 

" Vindictive " Week (July, 1918) „ 3^323,658 

Gun Week (October, 1 91 8) „ 3C3i9>595 

Victory Loan (July, 1919) „ ^908,087 

Tank-Day. — As a " business-man's week " (March 4th to 9th 
inclusive, 19 17) was arranged in the War Savings Campaign 
throughout greater London, by the National Committee, and as 
the visit of a Tank had been promised, the Croydon Committee 
resolved to combine the two efforts, with the gratifying result 
shown above ; the strenuous fortnight's work culminating on 
1 6th March, when the Tank duly arrived and took up its position 
outside the Town Hall, and was busy all day stamping war bonds 
and war savings certificates for eager purchasers. Letters in 
the press, pictures on the Cinemas, speeches in the open air, 
posters on the trams, banners stretched across the streets, all 
means were utilised in a united effort at publicity. On the day 



CENTRAL WAR SAVING COMMITTEE 205 

itself relays of bands performed continuously. One picturesque 
feature was a march of all the work-people from Gillett and 
Johnston's factory (transferred from peaceful clock-making to 
the production of war-appliances), when Lieut. Cyril Johnston 
handed in at the Town Hall their collective Tank-contribution 
of 3(^5,500. Other large engineering works collected handsome 
sums. And it was very remarkable to many of us, familiar 
with the stately ways of the " Old Lady of Threadneedle Street," 
to find a duly accredited temporary branch of the Bank of 
England installed at the Town Hall in our Rate Office, issuing 
bonds and certificates against money, and relays of clerks from 
the Post Office issuing War Bonds and War Savings Certificates 
along the corridors. The amount of ^(1170,131 19^. 6d. was 
received during this day. 

" Vindictive" Week (15 — 20th July, 1918) was held in honour 
of the famous ship which destroyed Zeebrugge and then blocked 
up the Ostend Channel, being part of a ** War-Weapons " 
campaign promoted by the National Committee. It was 
specialised on the " Vindictive " because of the close associations 
of her Captain (Captain A. Francis Carpenter, V.C.) and his 
father (Captain Alfred Carpenter, D.S.O.), with our Borough. 
The money was permitted to be utilised towards helping to pay 
for the cost of the new ship " Vindictive," which had to be 
added to the Navy to replace her heroic battered sunken namesake. 
On 20th July, Katharine Street was decorated with captured 
German guns, and smaller captured weapons were exhibited in 
the Town Hall. Again the Gillett and Johnston war-workers 
were to the fore, this time with more than ^(^ 10,000 ; and bands 
and concerts enlivened the day. The total " Vindictive " 
collection was jCS^S.^sS, and if we add to that the collections 
made at the same time, and with the same object, by the sur- 
rounding districts (^(^239, 217), we arrive at a gross amount 
raised in Croydon and neighbourhood towards the new ship, 
of 3(^562,875. A picture of the storming of Zeebrugge mole 
was commissioned from the naval artist, Charles de Lacey (who 
was instructed by Admiral Sir Roger Keyes, K.C.B., and Captain 
A. Francis Carpenter, V.C), and when complete was purchased 
by private subscription, headed by the Mayor (Alderman Howard 
Houlder), and presented, on behalf of the Borough, to the Captain 
of the new ship " Vindictive " (Captain Edgar Grace, R.N.), in 
the Council Chamber of the Town Hall, by the Mayor, on 19th 
March, 1919. It now hangs in the Ward Room of the new 
" Vindictive," in perpetuam memoriam. 

Gun Week. — On Saturday, 12 October, 1918, a week of 
similarly strenuous work culminated in the arrival of an actual 
6-in. howitzer before the Town Hall, in its full war paint. 



2o6 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

camouflaged with wavy coloured lines and ready for action ; but 
fitted in the open breech with a stamp for War Bonds receipts 
and certificates. Munition Store No. lo brought, in a procession 
of their workers, a shell filled with their collective subscription. 
During the day itself ^{^226,801 was received; and during the 
whole week ^£3 19,595. 

The efforts of the Croydon War Savings Committee towards 
the purpose for which it was created — the sale of War Savings 
Certificates and the promotion of War Savings Associations — 
resulted in the formation of 158 such associations in all ; and 
about 190,000 War Savings Certificates of 15/6 each were 
purchased in this way. At the time of writing one of these 
associations (St. Matthew's and the East Ward) has collected no 
less than ^^22,000. 

In January, 1917, another scheme was inaugurated, with 
the Mayor, Alderman Sir F. T. Edridge, and the Borough 
Treasurer as Stockholders, for the purchase of ^5 per cent. 
War Loan by instalments spread over a period of two years. 
As a result of strenuous effort and of an arduous and ingenious 
publicity campaign in all ^(^80,025 War Loan at 95 was allocated 
to subscribers. The profit balance of ^(^252 i6s. 3^. arising out 
of the whole transaction was given to the Croydon General 
Hospital. 

Victory Loan. — In June, 1919, a further scheme was estab- 
lished for the purchase of 4 per cent. Victory Bonds, and 4 per 
cent. Funding Loan, by instalments ; the Stockholders being 
the Mayor, Mr. Councillor C. Heath Clark (Mayor in the 
following November), and the Town Clerk. The total amount 
of Bonds and Stock taken up under this scheme was approximately 
,{^30,000. This was part of the Victory Loan Campaign, which 
covered in all four weeks, ending 12th July, 19 19. There were 
conversions from other loans into Victory Loan also, to the 
amount of ^36,020 ; and the total amount of Victory Loan 
subscribed in the borough, after sustained effort on the part of 
the Committee and their friends, was no less than £()o8,oSj. 

The out-of-pocket expenses and costs of printing and adver- 
tising, etc., connected with this Committee were met by 
Government grants, but all clerical and administrative work 
from first to last, and the amount of it seems almost incredible 
to look back upon, was carried out by the honorary officers and 
some other members of the Committee entirely without payment. 

Food Economy. — A very important subsidiary effort of this 
Committee in April, 1917 and onwards should be mentioned. 
At the request of Lord Devonport, then Food Controller, 



CENTRAL WAR SAVING COMMITTEE 207 

alarmed at the shortage of food which we all so well remember, 
War Savings Committees, and amongst them Croydon, took up 
an earnest campaign in favour of food economy. At Croydon 
we formed a special advisory committee of clergy of all de- 
nominations, doctors, school teachers, cookery lecturers, electrical 
and gas engineers, and chairmen or secretaries of friendly 
societies, trades unions and similar bodies. An executive was 
appointed, and an information bureau opened at the Town 
Hall. Frequent conferences were held, and many demon- 
strations and lectures given. In this respect the town was 
greatly indebted to the Croydon Gas Company, who provided 
gas stoves (and supplied the gas, moreover) whenever the cookery 
lectures required them. Forty-four such practical lectures 
were given all over the borough, not to speak of countless less 
formal talks and practical addresses. In many of our schools 
economical and tasteful dishes of cereal foods other than wheaten 
flour (which was growing very difficult to obtain) were 
systematically exhibited. At the Public Hall a considerable 
exhibition of Food-economy devices was held, from 30th May 
to 7th June ; and many lectures and demonstrations were given 
on the bottling, for preservation, of fruit and vegetables, on the 
value of gas and electricity in cooking, and on economical cookery 
recipes, etc. In all, no less than 3,574 cheap cookery pamphlets 
were sold. Lantern lectures were given under the auspices of 
the Public Library on kindred subjects. And on Empire Day 
the Mayor read publicly the King's Proclamation (enjoining on 
all his subjects the necessity for stringent economy in food) 
from the Town Hall steps, and at Thornton Heath and at South 
Norwood. An amusing incident (though of serious import in 
itself) may be mentioned in conclusion. The Board of 
Agriculture offered to supply the bottles for the preser\'ation of 
fresh fruit, which were referred to above, at about half the retail 
cost (namely, 4/6 a dozen) if large quantities were ordered. 
Mrs. Colchester, the Honorary Secretary, a living impersonation 
of energy, searched out and found nearly 250 fruit-bottlers, and 
coaxed the authorities at our Education Offices in a weak moment 
to agree to receive the bottles. One can faintly imagine the 
astonishment of the Clerk when 7,200 bottles descended from 
the blue sky upon him. But when the 250 " bottlers " presently 
arrived, all clamouring for their respective dozens or scores, it 
seemed as if pandemonium reigned in the " groves of Academe." 
This Editor did not see it with his own eyes, but he has it on the 
highest authority that a notice, " Bottle Department," was 
actually, and of necessity, posted to direct the " bottlers " to 
their prey. 



XII. Croydon District 

Association of Voluntary 

Organisations 

This was a district association in connection with the work 
of the Director-General of Voluntary Organisations (Sir Edward 
Ward) which began operations in November, 19 15, and closed 
on 31st March, 1919. It consisted of 15 branches, sub-divided 
into 54 groups, with a total number of members of 2,511. The 
Mayor and Mayoress (Mr. and Mrs. Howard Houlder) were 
Presidents of the Association, and the Town Clerk was Chairman 
of the Executive and Finance Committees. Mr. A. G. Norris 
was Honorary Secretary till May, 191 6, and Miss Rhoda Brodie, 
M.B.E., from that date to the close. Assistant Hon. Secretaries 
were, in succession, Miss Roper, Miss King, Mrs. E. Colam, 
and Miss Haward. Other enthusiastic ladies helped throughout. 
The Borough Treasurer and Borough Accountant were Joint 
Treasurers. The total number of articles despatched was 
584,013, and in addition the association procured and forwarded 
£2^ worth of games ; the total value of the whole of the con- 
tributions being ,{^27,740. 

The " comforts " collected were despatched to France, 
Egypt, Mesopotamia, Russia, Italy, Serbia, Rumania, etc. ; to the 
French Red Cross and the French Wounded Emergency-Fund ; 
to Lady Smith-Dorrien's Bag Fund ; to mine-sweepers, prisoners 
of war, clearing stations, ambulance trains, ambulance flotillas, 
field ambulances, military V.A.D., and auxiliary hospitals ; to 
the military wards of Croydon General Hospital, Croydon 
military hospitals, Wallacefield and St. Dorothy's convalescent- 
hospitals, and to Addington Palace, Shirley Park, Purley, and 
Brighton Road auxiliary hospitals. 

All articles were collected by Miss Haward in her own car 
and were packed at the office of the War- Supplies Clearing 
House. The Supply Committee (Mrs. Newnham, Chairman, 
Mrs. Hetley, and Mrs. Lillico) kept a stock of materials which 
they either sold in the office of the Association (at a price slightly 
exceeding the cost, so that the loss in cutting up might be covered, 
or distributed as free material to be worked up by the members. 
The stock finally remaining unsold was given to the Croydon 
Mothers' and Infants' Welfare Association ; and the small 
balance of ^37 cash was paid over to the Mayoress's War-Fund. 



53 




Mrs. Redfern 

Who received from the King of the Belgians the Medaille de la 

Reine Elizabeth, in recognition of work in Croydon for the Belgian 

Refugees ; and w ho was also on manv War Committees 



54 




Mrs. Colchester, M.B.E. 
Croydon War Savings Committee, etc. 



Fholo by Klorence Baxter 



VOLUNTARY ORGANISATIONS 



209 



The amount dealt with by this Association was £2,(>(>i. 
The Hst of branches (with Secretaries) is as follows : — 



I. 

2. 

3- 


War Hospital Supply Depot . Mrs. Major & Mrs. Beddow 
War Supplies Clearing House. Mrs. Iredell. 
Central Ward Branch . . Mrs. Lillico. 


4- 


East Ward 


. Mrs. Trubshawe. 


6. 

7- 
8. 

9- 


West Ward 
South Ward 
Norbury 

Upper Norwood . 
South Norwood . 


. The Mayoress, Mrs. Houlder 

. Lady Edridge, 

. Mrs. Allen. 

. Mrs. Hetley & Miss Thur- 

. Miss Weise. [burn 


10. 
II. 


Purley 
Broad Green 


. Miss Brailsford. 
. Mrs. Trumble. 


12. 
13- 


St. Stephen's, Norbury 
Mitcham 


. Miss Lawrence. 

. Mrs. Cato Worsfold. 


14. 


Coulsdon . 


. Miss Lintott. 


15- 


Thornton Heath . 


. Mrs. Owen Fowler. 



The following list of articles despatched through the War 
Supplies Clearing House, is taken from the record of the latter, 
and serves to show the general trend of the work of the 
Association. It pretends only to be a complete account of the 
176,823 articles in the 786 cases which the Clearing House 
handled. 



Handkerchiefs 






3627 


Scarves and mufflers 






9539 


Woollen helmets, caps 






6404 


Vests . . . . 






1975 


Jerseys, etc. . 






191 


Pants 






139 


Shirts 






2723 


Nightshirts 






3272 


Bedgowns 






2329 


Pairs of gloves 






494 


Pairs of mittens 






17909 


Pairs of socks . 






7816 


Pairs of hospital socks 






10354 


Rugs 






66 


Blankets 






96 


Mattresses and pillows 






1658 


Towels . 






386 


Bed-rests 






150 


Splints . 






70 


Bandages 






• 54649 


Lint 






. 8180 


Sunshields, pads, etc. 






. 7012 


Mossbags 






. IIOOO 



Miscellaneous, including musical instr. 26779 



Part Six 
FOOD AND FUEL 



I. The Allotments Movement 

Food Production : War Allotments 

(Croydon Vacant Lands Cultivation Society) 

The beginning of the War found towns such as ours with a 
large number of houses and small gardens, a certain number of 
allotments belonging to the Corporation (in Croydon 104 acres 
divided into 1694 plots), and a percentage of idle land, held over 
for building, but unused except perhaps for a little grazing, and 
in private ownership. 

It was not at first realised, but soon became of course 
self-evident, that as much food as possible must be raised in 
England for use during the War, and a fine example was at once 
set in 1914 by Mr. Douglas Young, a respected member of the 
Croydon Borough Guild of Help, who offered his building land 
in South Croydon for cultivation by those who were ready to 
work. Mr. Mark Major, the originator of the Guild (which is 
now merged in the Croydon Civic Service League), had made 
one or two attempts through that body to deal with vacant lands 
in the borough, and he with Miss £. L. Hudson and others 
called a conference at the offices of the Guild, out of which sprang 
the Croydon Vacant Lands Cultivation Society (23rd September, 
1914) ; the Guild of Help providing office room. Mr. Mark 
Major became its Chairman, Miss Hudson its Secretary, Mr. Geo. 
Reader very kindly supplying the necessary legal knowledge 
for the simple agreements, etc. Alderman Rogers became 
President. The practical gardening side was provided by 
members of the Croydon Horticultural Associations, and much 
voluntary valuable work of instruction was given to the cause by 
their members, especially by Messrs. Bignell (Chairman of the 
Garden Committee), Boshier and Dingwall. The newspapers 
were also very helpful in affording space for reports as to what 
was going on. 

Mr, Douglas Young most generously offered to compensate 
cultivators for loss of their crops should he be compelled to 
take over his land again at short notice ; and 20 applications 
were quickly filled, though the soil was in parts rather rough. 
Other land owners followed suit, some of their own accord, but 
most in response to the efforts of the Croydon Vacant Lands 
Society, so that by December, 1915, about a year after the 



214 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

beginning of the movement, the society had 20 acres in working 
belonging to 22 owners, and cultivated in plots of 10 rods, by 
260 cultivators. There was also a waiting list of 150 would-be 
cultivators. As a guarantee against loss the cultivators paid 
4/- a year each (raised later to 5/-) towards a compensation 
fund for loss of crops should unexpected disturbance occur. 

The Water Committee of the Corporation, by supplying 
water without charge, provided the cultivators adopted waste- 
preventing methods, and made their own connection to the mains, 
set an example which was in advance of many other Corporations, 
and the Council also was liberal in the matter of rates. At 
this time the journal of the Board of Agriculture, which took 
much interest in this vigorous experiment, published a careful 
calculation showing that from May, 1915, to March, 1916, the 
value of the crops on a certain plot of 9 rods came to ^fi. During 
the first 15 months the total expenses of the Society, owing to 
the generous work voluntarily contributed, only reached 5^9. 

During 1916 the land cultivated under the society rose from 
20 acres to 68, lent by 81 owners, and cultivated by 1,000 
plotholders, branches having arisen at Purley and Wallington. 
The arrangements were so skilfully drawn as not to be liable 
to stamp-duty, a clever saving of not inconsiderable value on so 
large a number. 

Croydon's effort had, as said above, aroused much interest, 
and inquiries poured in from all parts of the countn,', and at 
least one investigation was made on the part of Johannisburg, 
while The Daily Mail sent down a special commissioner to report 
on the movement in its columns. Speakers from the society 
were asked to attend other communities to explain Croydon 
methods, which were enthusiastically adopted here and there. 

Tn December, 19 16, the Government issued an Order under 
"D.O.R.A." (as the " Defenceof the Realm Act" provisions were 
familiarly called), which was the most socialistic measure ever 
known in England ; nothing less than granting powers to 
Corporations forcibly to take possession of idle land and to have 
it cultivated for the benefit of the community. Hitherto the 
Croydon Vacant Lands Cultivation Society had been entirely 
dependent for obtaining land upon persuasion and goodwill. 
The Corporation appointed an Allotments and Small-Holdings 
Committee (whose chairman was Mr. Councillor Adams) and 
entered at once upon 61 acres of land, which they divided into 
790 plots, and leased at an annual charge of 5/- for 10 rods, and 
in the first rush 100 acres were dealt with in one week. Later 
in the year the Council took further powers to enter occupied 
land, and through the Vacant Lands Society added another 65 



THE ALLOTMENTS MOVEMENT 215 

acres, in 850 plots, paying various rents for this land, up to ^^3 
an acre ; and all this land was also quickly taken up by cultivators. 
By the end of the year 1917 the Croydon Vacant Lands Cultiva- 
tion Society was responsible for 176 acres, secured by voluntary 
agreement and let in 2,377 plots, including the Purley and 
Wallington branches ; beyond this there were about i ,700 plots 
acquired compulsorily by the Corporation as above decided. 
Decentralization was now encouraged, and six registered societies 
and eight unregistered came into being, each looking after the 
interests of the cultivators in its own neighbourhood. 

Early in January, 1918, the Corporation resumed possession 
of the land already entered upon by them and passed over to the 
Vacant Lands Society, and also took possession, under the 
increased powers above referred to, of land let to the Vacant 
Lands Society by the owners, in order to let the whole to 
the various plot-holders* associations. Isolated plots or 
small groupings, not large enough for a society to be required, 
still remained in the hands of the Vacant Lands Society, and 
these amounted to 630 plots on 70 different holdings, which 
increased by the autumn of 191 8 to 745 plots, adding 20 more 
acres to the land already under the Society earlier in the year. 
The compensation fund had grown (as no serious charges had 
been made upon it) to nearly ;(J500, when the separate plot- 
holders* associations were set up ; and this sum was therefore 
equitably divided between the parent society, the branches, and 
these separate associations. 

As to compulsorily taking over that land which had so 
patriotically been lent by the owners there were differences of 
opinion, but the associations of plot-holders pressed this course 
upon the Corporation as making them surer of being undisturbed 
in their allotments than they would be if their plots were upon 
a voluntary tenure. The Vacant Lands Society protested, but 
in vain. " Dora " took little account of fine feelings under the 
necessities of the time. 

The excellence of the crops raised was manifested in many 
vegetable shows in the borough, both those promoted by the 
great horticultural societies and many others arranged by the 
plot-holders* associations. Great industry and no little skill 
were shown on all sides by the cultivators ; lectures and practical 
demonstrations were frequently given and well attended. 
Further, much good-will and many kindly offices existed amongst 
the plot-holders. When the local sweep went abroad to fight, 
his wife's allotment was kept going at full strength by her 
neighbours. There will be heartburnings when the owners of 
the " valuable building-sites,'* which have for these last years 



2i6 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

been feeding us with potatoes and cabbages, desire to replace 
those crops with indigestible bricks and mortar. But it is ill 
to talk about crossing the bridge before you come to the stream, 
and we must hope for the best. What remains always to the 
good is the love of work on the land the War-allotments have 
engendered among our people. " i am Riten for a peace of 
Lotment," an actual application, duly put into shape and dealt 
with by the Vacant Lands Society, represents in its rude speech 
a very earnest longing for land, which once roused, as our French 
peasant neighbours show us, brings a great steadiness amongst 
the people, and moreover never dies out. Thus, in the present 
case, not only the Vacant Lands Society itself but also all the 
larger plot-holders' associations above referred to, have obtained 
regular leases of several large pieces of land, originally taken over 
in the temporary manner already described ; and these more 
permanent arrangements cover about loo acres already. At the 
time of completing this book (January, 1920) there are (including 
all varieties of allotments in occupation of land, as above named) 
640 acres, divided into 8,500 plots. 

There was, in fact, very little available ground in the borough, 
during the war, which escaped the eagle eyes of the ardent 
cultivators. 

One day, and this seems to be regarded as the Secretary's 
(Miss Hudson's) finest achievement, her attention was drawn by 
a disappointed applicant, to a piece of land in his neighbourhood 
often resorted to by bad characters (as it lay out of the way), 
containing moreover an evil smelling pond full of carcases of 
dead dogs and other refuse. He pleaded that some of this might 
be given to him as an allotment, since no other was available. 
The place was found to bear out his description, the owners 
proved amenable to the wiles of the Society, and in the end the 
Corporation took it over, and created 100 permanent allotments 
there ; so that now, after so long a time of unsavoury wastefulness, 
" the desert shall rejoice and blossom as the rose." 



II. National Kitchens Committee 

The feeding of the people of course caused much anxiety 
during war-time, and the Croydon Council finally determined on 
23rd April, 1917, to allow an experiment of two Communal 
Kitchens (as they were at first called), one on the Beulah Road 
Council School premises, and one at Princess Road Council 
school, and provided £150 for working capital and preliminary 
expenses. These kitchens were administered by a committee, 
which elected Mr. Councillor Peters as its chairman, and (a little 
later) Mrs. T. Wood Roberts as its honorary executive officer. 
School attendance officers, teachers, and other people gave 
valuable assistance, especially during the earlier times. 

The kitchens were opened on 30th May and 6th June, 1917, 
respectively, and continued working till the end of September, 
1919. The kitchen at Beulah Road paid its way well, and at 
the end of the 2^ years of its existence showed a profit of 
£g^ I2S. 6d. on the working ; but that at Princess Road was 
conducted at a steady loss. At September, 1919, the total loss 
on working was £150 ijs. lod. A third kitchen ran for nine 
months at Selhurst Road, South Norwood, from 5th December, 
191 8, onwards ; and a fourth at Upper Norwood was also 
sanctioned, but was never actually opened. The loss on the 
working at South Norwood in the nine months of its existence 
was £62 135. 4^. If to the losses at Princess Road and Selhurst 
Road be added the cost of equipment (less sales of material on 
closing), which was net £iS^ gs. 6d., and if the Beulah Road 
profit be set off on the other side, the total cost of the venture 
was ^304 8s. zd. 

It is probable that the financial failure — or rather non- 
success — of the experiment was due in a large measure to the 
fact that there was a tendency to the mistaken view that the 
" national kitchen " had some affinity with the charitable soup- 
kitchen ; people of all classes did not realize that this was a 
public service as free from such associations as is the public 
light or water supply. In any case they did not appreciate the 
benefits offered them so fully as was anticipated. It was 
however an experiment well worth trying, and much thought and 
energy were spent upon it, especially by the honorary executive 



21 8 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

officer. It undoubtedly gave the public an excellent opportunity 
of testing a form of communal service which seemed to be 
especially necessary in view of the fact that the times demanded 
the utmost economy of fuel and food. It is not too much to 
say that from this point of view the kitchens proved a distinct 
success and were of decided advantage to the general community. 
Such practical object-lessons often have a far-reaching effect, 
producing good results long after they have themselves ceased. 
Further, the amount of business actually done was considerable. 
From first to last 184,305 portions were sold at Beulah Road, 
and 161,714 at Princess Road. 



III. The Control of Food 

The historian of the future, seeking for material for his 
work, will perchance find garishly-coloured postcards obviously 
of early twentieth century production, showing a man, with 
guilt depicted on every feature, stealthily secreting pots of jam 
in a strong safe ; or showing a solitary piece of sugar scintillating 
in lonely splendour upon a plate, and labelled " priceless " ; or 
he will find a reference in a newspaper to a single potato which 
had been displayed in a Croydon greengrocer's window with the 
legend : "A rare tuber, once a common British food ; now 
nearly extinct." Turning to the immortal Punch, he will come 
upon a picture of a burning mansion, in front of which is the 
distracted owner dancing frantically about the fireman with the 
hose, beseeching him to " concentrate on the coal-house." These 
are the lighter expressions, which most fortunately the British 
can utter, of one of the most difficult times in the history of the 
world, and few things in our record will have more interest for 
the coming social historian than the ways in which we met the 
almost universal shortage of food and fuel which resulted from 
the war. We deal first with food. For the nation as a whole 
the Ministry of Food was established, and to carry out the work 
of that department local committees were formed. We are 
concerned here only with the Croydon Food Control Committee. 

This important committee, praised by the discerning few 
who admired the large amount of good work it accomplished, 
severely condemned by the unthinking, and grumbled at by 
nearly all of us (for we were necessarily all suff^erers at its hands), 
was set up on 28th August, 1917, to regulate supplies on account 
of the serious shortage. 

The then Mayor (Aid. Howard Houlder) was its first 
Chairman and remained throughout in the chair, and was always 
one of the most active members. Councillor Peters was (and 
is still, at the time of writing) Deputy-Chairman, and Chairman 
of the Executive Sub-Committee and of the Sugar Sub-Com- 
mittee. Mr. Councillor Camden Field was Chairman of the 
Supplementary Rations Sub-Committee, and of the Meat Sub- 
Committee ; and Mr. Councillor Muggeridge of the Milk Sub- 
Committee. The Town Clerk was and is Honorary Ex:ecutive 
Officer, and Mr. J. T. Tompkins was and is Deputy-Executive 
Officer, responsible for all executive duties under the Town 
Clerk. 



220 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

In all, the Committee numbered 15, of whom 8 were 
members of the Town Council, and 3 were ladies. Objection 
was taken to a few of the original members : Councillors Pelton, 
West and Southwell (now Alderman) ; because of their connection 
with the grocery and meat trades, although the Corporation had 
expressly appointed them in order to derive assistance from their 
expert knowledge of those trades ; but feeling was stirred up 
over the matter, and the situation promised to become unpleasant, 
so that these three members retired (25th February, 19 18), and 
the town was deprived of their valuable services. Other persons 
were elected in their places. 

Immediate necessity for action on the part of the Committee 
arose because of the serious sugar-shortage, which rapidly became 
so acute that in September, 1917, rationing of sugar was set up. 
Sugar-retailers were registered on 15th September, and sugar- 
cards issued to purchasers, the issue being made with the kindly 
voluntary help of the school-teachers of the borough, and being 
completed by 26th October, 1917. No praise can be too great 
for the patriotic efforts of the teachers referred to ; they worked 
late at night, and cheerfully, on a special emergency, gave up 
Sunday also. We might refer especially to the valuable 
services of Mr. Edgar H. Fowles (Chairman of the Croydon Head 
Teachers Association), who supervised this special work. 

Few persons beyond those who were actually engaged in 
the work know the great amount of local labour involved in 
Food-Control, and when we add to this the governmental and 
official work, the total operations take on a colossal aspect. 
Here in Croydon, under the Rationing Scheme begun in February 
1918, 626,000 letters were received and 356,000 replies posted ; 
and 15,000 of these were directly dealt with by the Deputy- 
Executive Officer himself. The telephone calls reached 7,000. 

Directly the Sugar-Control was set up in September, 1917 
(and this was the first department started), caterers, institutions, 
manufacturers, etc., had to apply for authority to purchase 
wholesale, and to use, sugar. The retailers, distributing to the 
public, had received the well known ration-cards from their 
customers by November, and the wholesale suppliers could then 
be authorised to supply the amount of sugar needed. 

Almost immediately after the sugar-control came the fixing 
of the retail prices of meat, and all purchases and sales of meat 
were then checked every fortnight ; and it was not long before 
the butchers were registered. 

In October wholesale and retail prices for milk were fixed ; 
and powers of control, and of securing priority of supply to 



THE CONTROL OF FOOD 221 

children and invalids, were given to our local committee, followed 
by the registration of potato dealers and constant examination 
of their stocks. 

In November came the scarcity of tea ; the quantity received 
in England for some months about that time only amounting 
to a third of the ordinary consumption ; and provisional prices 
were fixed. At this juncture it was evident that a campaign of 
education in food economy was necessary ; and the committee 
loyally endeavoured, and with most gratifying success, to carry 
out the suggestions of the Government in this regard. To the 
honour of the inhabitants of the borough it must be stated that 
they all reduced their consumption not only of the rationed, but 
also of the unrationed foods to the narrowest limit. We all 
remember how our weight was reduced, and how every morsel 
of food was gauged and all superfluity rigidly cut off ; nay, in 
cases, danger to health was patriotically faced. This campaign 
lasted through parts of November and December, but the effect 
in the homes of the people continued for many months. 

In December the bacon-retailers had to be registered ; and 
the supplies of margarine ran ominously short. 

Then came the day of the queue, which few of us who have 
lived through it will ever forget ; a day of rumour of plenty here, 
there, and everywhere, except the shop at which one dealt 
ordinarily. People were out with daylight, and much before, 
on the food quest ; and at 6 a.m., on those cold December 
mornings, long queues of people would line up before the barred 
premises of provision dealers to wait their turn in the hope — 
too often a vain hope — of getting a quarter-pound of butter or 
margarine ; and, if they were disappointed at one shop, they 
would trudge to the next, and so on, often during the whole 
day. We did not love margarine over-much in pre-war days ; 
some of us even dared to despise it, but in these days it 
assumed immense importance, seeing that animal fat had also 
become scarce. 

The Town Clerk and Mr. Tompkins, seeing what was 
coming, prepared a scheme for requisitioning supplies, dis- 
tributing them, and rationing the retail purchases of margarine. 
On December 22nd, igiyjthlngs became so serious thatlmmediate 
action became necessary ; and the Committee was summoned 
by telegram, so that the prepared scheme might be put into 
action that very day. Meanwhile people, especially large 
numbers of working people, on reaching their retailers on this 
day heard that all margarine had been requisitioned, and somehow 
inferred that unheard of stocks were held up In the Food Control 
Offices under the Reference Library at the Town Hall. They 



222 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

became alarmed, angry and expectant all at once, and crowds 
surged into the Library at 8 p.m., completely blocking up the 
-entrance for the users of the Library, and all demanding margarine. 
Of course there was actually none at the Town Hall, and by 
this hour the Food Office staff had all gone home. The Library 
officials, who endeavoured vainly to persuade the people to 
disperse, were roundly informed that they had taken good care 
to get margarine for themselves, and were forced to listen to 
many stories of homes where there was none. At last the locked, 
darkened doors of the Food Office — together with the gentle 
explanations of the police who now came and regulated the crowd 
with great tact — impressed the truth upon the people, and they 
went off gradually in deep disappointment. By Monday, 
however, the scheme had saved the situation. It worked 
admirably, and though the citizens freely availed themselves of 
the Englishman's privilege of grumbling before he obeys the 
order given him, the distressing queues which caused so much 
anxiety and inconvenience during the closing months of 1917 
;gradually lessened, and in time disappeared. 

By Christmas, meat was dangerously scarce, and the supply 
of meat to Croydon was on the point of stopping altogether. 
Retail maximum meat prices had been fixed as against the 
butchers, but the cost to the butchers was not fixed ; so that 
as meat became exceedingly dear by reason of the scarcity, 
butchers had to pay very high prices, while on the other hand 
they were limited to a moderate selling price. Of course 
the butchers could not face this great loss, and ceased for the 
moment their strenuous efforts to obtain meat. 

Meat-queues then began. Special and drastic action was 
taken by the Committee on i8th December to cope with this 
rather alarming situation, and by means known only to a few 
persons and the Committee, and indeed before the inhabitants of 
the borough had appreciated the danger they stood in, a supply 
of meat for Christmas was happily secured. 

On 27th December a full rationing-scheme for butter, 
margarine, lard, meat, bacon and tea, with power to extend to 
other articles, was framed by the Town Clerk and adopted by 
the Committee, and sent up to the Minister for approval. Other 
local bodies of course, all pressed by their acute needs in the same 
way as Croydon was, also evolved and sent up similar schemes. 
The hand of the Ministry was forced, and a general governmental 
official Rationing Scheme for London and the Home Counties 
was promulgated, and the Croydon committee at once set to 
work upon it. 

The first general scheme of rationing began in February, 
1918, and from first to last no less than one million food and 



THE CONTROL OF FOOD 



223 



meat cards and books were provided, in addition to the already 
rationed sugar. Emergency rations for visitors to the town and 
other temporary inhabitants were issued to the number of 
27,811 ; and special rations for invalids and certain classes of 
manual workers to the number of 8,387. Sailors and soldiers 
on leave were rationed, and a grateful country gave them much 
more liberal rations than we civilians received — and 30,369 
availed themselves of this provision, while 10,142 ration books 
were issued to demobilised men. Much work was caused by 
removals and changes of residence, amounting to 33,000 cases 
in all ; a figure throwing strong light oh the remarkable amount 
of movement during the war amongst our Croydon population. 
Persons from overseas, or discharged from institutions, etc., 
accounted for 35,000 extra books ; and 2,312 children were born 
during the rationing period and demanded ration books before 
they could speak (or at all events, their mothers did for them) ; 
and further, 1,166 foolish persons lost their ration-cards, and had 
to pay amongst them ^zd 135. dd. for their carelessness. At 
one time the corridors of the Town Hall were filled for several 
weeks with 164 temporary clerks at long tables, issuing supple- 
mentary ration cards (13,162 cards in all) to certain grades of 
manual workers and adolescents, allowing them an extra amount 
of a half-pound of bacon weekly. 

There were three issues of ration-cards, each issue needing 
its own index, so that the 275,000 applications received and 
dealt with involved an equal number of index cards, all 
necessarily continually to be sorted and kept up to date ; and, 
moreover, constantly interfered with by additions of new cards 
and subtractions of cards belonging to persons removing out of 
Croydon or ceasing to be rationable in the borough for any other 
reason. Finally, the Food Ministry realized that it had forgotten 
to provide for an index of ration-card holders and the retailers 
with whom they were registered. As a step towards supplying 
this omission, and in order to ascertain the best method of doing 
it, the Ministry selected certain well-organized places and 
requested them to do the work experimentally. Croydon 
received the somewhat onerous compliment of being one 
of the towns selected. It involved the collection of all the 
counterfoils of the ration-books from the retailers, and these 
counterfoils numbered a miUion and a quarter. All this mass 
of 1,250,000 counterfoils had to be sorted into streets and houses, 
indexed, etc., etc., so that at least 12,500,000 handlings were 
involved in all. And with the national carelessness, 750,000 of 
these counterfoils had arrived without the name of the retailer 
being written on them, and the work of supplying this informa- 
tion also fell upon the staff. The interference of all this with the 
ordinary routine of the Town Hall is one of those minor worries 



224 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

of the war which every one had cheerfully to encounter, but it 
was, nevertheless, considerable. Rooms were annexed ; for 
instance, the Library's Newspaper-room, and its Magazine-room, 
the Grand Jury-room, Magistrates'-room, and even the com- 
mittee-rooms of the Town Hall (to say nothing of the occupation 
. at various times of the Council Chamber, the three branch 
Libraries, and the South Norwood Polytechnic), and the borough 
work done in those rooms had to be crowded into other places, 
until eventually the control clerks overflowed even all these 
rooms, and had to fill the corridors as above described. 

Margarine and Butter. — The committee dealt during the 49 
weeks of rationing with 673 tons of margarine (£65,500 in 
value), receiving 13 tons a week ; and with 3 tons of butter 
iL.!^^) during the time that butter was separately rationed. 

Sugar. — 1,140 Certificates of Registration (Sugar) were 
issued in September and October, 1917, to retailers, manu- 
facturers and caterers ; and 131 such applicants were refused. 
To the purchasers 175,000 cards were issued. When the 
system was changed in December, 1917, 200,000 sugar-tickets 
were issued, superseding the above mentioned cards, to over 
46,000 householders. In all, the committee dealt with 3,200 
tons of sugar ; and received twelve million sugar coupons, of 
which 600,000 were sent to the Ministry for purposes of checking. 
It will be remembered that those persons who possessed fruit 
trees were allowed to obtain extra sugar for preserving, both 
in 19 1 8 and 1919, which involved considerable work in sorting 
or allotting the sugar, and issuing special authorities to the 
retailers ; 23,000 such applications were received and 200 tons 
of preserving-sugar issued amongst them. 

Meat. — The fortnightly returns of sales and purchases of 
butchers, which had to be checked, amounted to 6,000 ; and 
the weight of meat dealt with, 508 tons. From February to 
June, 1918, 12 million meat-coupons were received, counted and 
dealt with in Croydon ; on June i8th, 1918, the Central Clearing 
House was set up, and since that time 34 millions more coupons 
have been received and i^^ million of these sent to the Clearing 
House to be checked, as a sample, against the fortnightly returns 
of the retailers. Actual purchases and distributions of meat by 
the Committee amounted to 5(^296. 

Tea. — 5,884 Applications were dealt with in connection with 
the rationing of tea ; and 175,000 counterfoils were received, 
counted, examined, sorted, etc. 

Milk. — 119 Retailers were registered ; 1,624 priority milk- 
certificates were issued and 253 special permits for cream (babies 



55 




56 




Phutn Ijy Skewes 

George Fearnley Carter, M.Inst.C.E. 

Borough Engineer, Surveyor and Water Engineer ; 

Local Fuel Overseer 



THE CONTROL OF FOOD 225 

and invalids) ; 1,300 weekly returns had to be dealt with ; and 
of condensed milk very nearly two million tins were distributed 
on the order of the committee. 

Bread. — 204 Tons of potatoes were sold by the committee 
to bakers, to assist them in the production of bread, at a loss 
of j^3 a ton ; the Croydon bakers paid £^22, and it cost the 
Ministry /!6i2 more than this. Of course, a good deal of careful 
book-keeping was involved to adjust the payments and losses 
as they occurred in this account. 

Fish. — There are 69 retailers of fish in the borough, and 
each of these had to send in weekly returns of prices. 

Bacon. — A return of bacon, ham, and lard, sold in Croydon 
in the year 1916, was demanded by the Ministry, and this showed 
the year's consumption for 191 6 to have been 33,267 cwt. of 
bacon, 3,506 of ham, 6,831 of lard. Upon this return, which 
was made in December, 1917, bacon was registered, and 200,000 
forms were issued to and received back from the retailers of 
bacon. Cheese and lard had, of course, also to be dealt with, 
but not to such large numbers. 

The cash handled by the committee was £5,667 apart from 
the expenses paid through the Borough Accountant. Eighty-nine 
serious cases arose in which the committee had to prosecute and 
the fines and costs received amounted to {/]()0. 

Since 3rd May, 1919, the work has in every way materially 
lessened. Two articles of food (sugar and butter) still remain 
rationed (December, 1919), and therefore ration-cards must still 
be maintained, but a staff of 22 now suffices for the work of 
the committee. But the end is not yet in sight, for it is only a 
short time since that the Ministry of Food sent Croydon an 
intimation that Food Control would be extended to June, 1920, 
and that the Committee must remain in charge until at least 
that date. 

The general correspondence is still considerable. People 
continue to write somewhat as follows : — (Report of the 
Committee, 21st July, 19 19). 

" The enclosed rubbish " (in fact a fair sample of Demerara 

sugar) " was sold to me by Mr. for sugar, will you please 

prosecute him, or order him to supply me with loaf sugar." 

Another correspondent intimates that she " has been charged 
id. too much for an unnamed quantity of an undescribed joint 
on a date she regrets she does not remember, by an assistant of 
her butcher whom she cannot identify. She desires him to be 



226 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

prosecuted, but intimates that whatever happens her name is not 
to be mentioned, as she dechnes to be mixed up with any Pohce 
Court and does not desire any unpleasantness. It is the duty, 
she presumes, of the committee to prosecute in all such cases 
on the evidence contained in her letter." 

It is pleasant to be able to finish the account of such serious 
and long continued effort upon this note of gaiety. While not 
exaggerating, but erring (if at all) rather in the opposite direction, 
it is to be hoped that this chapter may have, in spite of its 
multitude of dry statistics, reminded those who read it of a 
very critical time in our national history, when wholesale shortage 
of food from time to time came within measurable distance, 
and when the nation was saved from this awful disaster by the 
patriotic labours of such Committees as this of Croydon, backed 
by the indomitable courage and willing sacrifice of the inhabitants 
of the borough. Nor shall we be doing mere justice if we fail 
to acknowledge the unprecedented and entirely gratuitous work 
of the Town Clerk, Dr. J. M. Newnham, in producing this 
result ; his organisation, fertility in expedients for meeting 
difficult situations, and long self-denying labours were as evident 
here as they were in every work with which he was associated 
during the War — and he seems to have been associated with 
everything. 



IV. Women's Land Army 

So many agricultural labourers were drawn from the fields 
to serve in the trenches that farmers found themselves increas- 
ingly less able to produce food for the people as the War 
proceeded. Eventually it became manifest that we must take a 
leaf from Continental books and utilise the strongest of our 
girls on the farms, or let the farms go out of cultivation. This 
eventually shaped into the formation of a " Women's Land 
Army," and early in 1917 the W.L.A. Organizing Secretary 
for Surrey approached the Mayoress of Croydon (Mrs. Howard 
Houlder) on the subject of forming a recruiting centre for this 
new movement. The Mayoress at once called a meeting to 
consider the scheme, and a Selection Board was appointed, with 
Mrs. Redfern as Chairman and District Representative, and Miss 
Hodges as Honorary Secretary. Later, Miss Hodges, on leaving 
Croydon, was succeeded by Miss Barbara J. Carpenter. The 
present Mayoress (Mrs. C. Heath Clark), as a farmer's daughter, 
was a most valuable member of the Selection Board, and worked 
diligently and with full connaissmice de cause. Recruiting began 
in Croydon in April, 1917, and ended in the summer of 1919, 
and during that period 719 women were interviewed by the 
Board. Of these only 304 were accepted for service, mainly 
because of the very high physical standard which was a necessary 
qualification for the arduous work to be undertaken. Many 
Croydonians will remember the successful recruiting rally in 
the spring of 191 8, when some 70 Land Army girls in their 
picturesque uniforms marched through the streets accompanied 
by decorated farm wagons kindly lent by the Croydon Borough 
Farm. 

Though the Women's Land Army ended its official existence 
in November, 1919, the call of the land has been so strong that 
many a Croydon girl has elected to continue her occupation as 
" farmer's boy," her interests now being guarded by the 
■** National Association of Landswomen." 



V. The Control of Fuel 
and Lio-ht 

o 

With the great coal-fields of Northern France in the hands 
of the enemy, and with the submarine aggression hampering the 
passage of coal across the Atlantic, the fuel resources of Great 
Britain were strained to the uttermost in the third year of the war. 
Not only were there the great demands for coal of the home 
country with all its war-industries running at high pressure ; 
there was the demand from France and our other Allies, who were 
unable to supply themselves from their own mines in enemy 
occupation, and, of course, could not get their usual supplies 
from Germany. 

Economy had been necessary for more than a year, but at 
the end of 19 17 a coal-famine, together with its natural corollary, 
a failure of gas and electricity, was well within sight. Rationing 
was determined upon by the Government early in 191 8, a Coal 
Controller was appointed, and the Household Fuel and Lighting 
Order was put into operation. The local administration of the 
Order was carried out by local fuel overseers, and for Croydon 
the Borough Engineer, Mr. G. F. Carter, undertook this onerous 
work. 

The Order provided that the Local Fuel Overseer, in addi- 
tion to the work of rationing consumers, should : — 

(a) Report to the Controller upon the requirements for 
storing, handling, delivering, and retailing coal, and make 
recommendations, as well as suggestions for other means than 
those ordinarily provided by persons engaged in the coal trade. 

(b) Report to the Controller any failure, and the proper 
provision for the supply of coal to the merchants within the 
district. 

(c) Deal with all questions of complaints of consumers or 
merchants relating to the supply, sale, or delivery of coal, gas and 
electricity. 

(d) Keep records and make reports and returns from time 
to time as the Controller might require. 

(e) Carry out the instructions of the Controller. 



CONTROL OF FUEL AND LIGHT 229 

During the period June, 1918, to November, 1919, a total 
of 43,867 persons were registered as consumers of fuel and 
lighting. Of these 9,277 were " small consumers," or persons 
who obtained their coal supply from trolley men and did not 
require more than one cwt. each per week, excepting during 
the months of January, February, and March, when the supply 
was not more than one and a half cwt. each. Small consumers 
were also restricted to not more than 24,000 cubic feet of gas 
and 400 units of electricity during the year. 

Claims for additional allowances, numbering 2,147 in all, 
were received. These entailed a considerable amount of 
enquiry work, and, as far as the acute shortage of coal permitted, 
each claim was assessed as accurately as possible. 

The number of requisitions completed accurately by the 
inhabitants of Croydon was small, due no doubt to the com- 
plicated nature of the form F.H.F. (3). It was therefore found 
necessary by the Borough Engineer to re-allocate the coal, coke, 
gas, and electricity, on the requisitions, as nearly as possible in 
accordance with the implied wishes of the consumers, before 
certificates of supply could be issued. 

Eventually 80,553 certificates of supply were issued to the 
various merchants, dealers, and undertakings concerned. Then 
there arose 3,000 consumers who requested a variation of their 
allocations, these consumers having saved on one class of fuel 
(say " gas ") and desiring to increase in the consumption of 
another (say " coal "). Where possible these requests were 
acceded to, but the work entailed the cancellation and re-issue 
of approximately 7,000 certificates. 

One hundred and twenty-eight merchants and dealers were 
registered for the sale of coal, and, in accordance with the pro- 
visions of the Order, weekly returns showing particulars of trade 
transacted were received from all these. The returns were 
collated and a return, together with a report on the coal situation 
was forwarded to the Controller each week throughout the year. 

Considerable difficulty was experienced during the winter 
of 1 91 8- 19 in endeavouring to prevent hardship to consumers 
owing to certain merchants and dealers failing to obtain adequate 
supplies of coal to meet the certificates of consumers registered 
with them . Arrangements were made from time to time to transfer 
coal from one merchant to another, and it was also found necessary 
to impose restrictions in delivery during certain periods. 
Several trucks of coal ordered for the Corporation were disposed 
of to merchants to help the public supply. 



230 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

On the 4th October, 19 18, an Order was issued preventing 
the supply of more than one ton at a time to householders 
without the permission of the Local Fuel-Overseer, and no 
deliveries were to be made where more than one-third of the 
annual supply was in hand. 

On the 17th December, 1918, an Order was issued that from 
the 19th December to the 4th January no coal was to be delivered 
to private dwelling houses where the stock was more than 
sufficient to meet current requirements, the object being to 
ensure supplies to meet the needs of small consumers. 

On the 31st January, 1919, an Order was issued that coal 
merchants must give preference to the supplies to small consumers 
and one ton lots were not to be delivered excepting under special 
circumstances of need until the requirements of dealers, shops, 
etc., were made in full. 

On the i2th February, 1919, the position had become 
serious and the Borough Engineer was notified that the reserve 
stocks in the whole of the Metropolitan area was only equal to 
four days' deliveries at the then rate of consumption. A 
circular was issued that no delivery of coal, coke, or other solid 
fuel to a' dwelling-house must exceed half-a-ton until the ist 
March. 

On the 25th March, 1919, an Order was issued that owing 
to the strike of miners in the Notts and Derby coalfields not 
more than two cwts. of coal might be supplied to any private 
dwelling house till 3rd April, and that no coal might be supplied 
where the stock in hand was greater than ten cwts. 

At this time the population of Croydon was 186,917 ; and 
the number of houses 43,399. The number of applications 
under F.H.F. (2) received during the year June, 1918-19 was 
34,590 ; and the number of applications for registration as 
" small consumer " 9,277. In all 43,867, or practically the 
same as the total number of houses. 

The additional allowances granted may be classified as 
under : — 



(a) Aged persons, invalids, etc. 

(b) Use of extra fires for lodgers 

(c) Use of rooms for profession, etc. 
{d) Upkeep of fires for nightwork 
(<?) Temporary illness 

(/) Use of rooms for industrial purposes 



770 
181 
184 
20 
318 
674 

2,147 





862 


tons 




228 






404 






19 






253 




ses 


• 1571 





CONTROL OF FUEL AND LIGHT 231 

The total number of certificates for supply of coal issued 
during this year was 33,803 ; coke 7,071; gas 32,924 ; electricity 
4, 60S ; and additional allowances (as above) 2,147 ; making a 
total of 80,553 certificates. 

141,113 Tons of coal were consumed during the year June, 
iqiS-19, as follows : tonnage of coal required to meet certificates 
of supply in respect of F.H.F. (a) requisitions, 93,985 ; F.H.F. 
(4) special assessments, 16,791 ; F.H.F. (63) small consumers 
obtaining supplies weekly, 27,000 ; and for additional allowances 
3o37. 

The tonnage of coal required for additional allowances may 
be classified as under : — 

(a) Aged persons, invalids, etc. 

(b) Use of extra fires for lodgers 

(c) Use of rooms for profession, etc. 

(d) Upkeep of fires for nightwork 

(e) Temporary illness 
(/) Use of rooms for industrial purposes 

and beyond this coal 16,991 tons of coke were required for 
household and quasi-domestic industries. 

The rationing of fuel still continued with certain modifica- 
tions after the expiration of the 191 8 Order. 

On the 14th July the Board of Trade made an order increasing 
the maximum prices of coal and coke by six shillings per ton 
or 3!^. per cwt. for small quantities. These increases came 
into force on the 21st July, 191 9, and were not removed till 
November, although it had been fully shown that the advance 
had never been necessary. Indeed the Government reduced the 
price for domestic consumption not by 6s. only, but by 105., 
in November, 19 19. 

On the 26th September, 19 19, owing to the emergency 
caused by the strike of railway employees, the Board of Trade, 
under the powers conferred on them by the Defence of the Realm 
Regulations, issued various orders. 

(a) Requiring gas undertakings to manufacture gas in such 
a way as will enable them to spread the consumption of their 
supplies of coal over as long a period as possible. 

(b) Requiring the discontinuance of all outside advertisement 
or display lighting on any premises. 

(c) Limiting purchases or deliveries for household con- 
sumption to one cwt. of coal per week, prohibiting purchases 



232 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

by or deliveries to persons who have more than lo cwt. of coal 
in stock, and giving power to local fuel overseers to cut off 
supplies of gas or electricity where there is waste. 

Instructions were issued to the merchants and dealers 
concerned, and a statement of stocks of coal in hand was obtained 
from all industrial premises within the Borough. An embargo 
to the extent of 25 per cent, of all stocks held by industrial 
establishments was placed, in order that, if necessary, the 
requirements of essential food industries could be maintained. 
Constant inspection was maintained throughout the period of 
the strike in order that the provisions of the orders should be 
observed. 

But eventually, on the nth October, the provisions of these 
Emergency Orders were considerably modified ; and an instruc- 
tion was issued that deliveries of not more than one ton of coal 
might be made, in rotation, to private consumers. 

All this extremely complicated business devolved upon the 
Borough Engineer, Mr. Carter, and was carried through by him 
with extraordinary smoothness and success. It is the more 
fitting that public acknowledgment of these great services should 
be here made, since the Borough Engineer himself is so modest 
and unobtrusive in all his public duties that only those engaged 
with him, or in the inner circle of the Corporation activities, 
know what whole-hearted devotion and skill he brings to any- 
thing he undertakes. And as far as the present Editor is aware, 
the knowledge of difficult work well done is the only reward he 
has received for all this extra work. Perhaps to a man of his 
temperament, that, after all, suffices. 



Part Seven 
VICTORY 



I. Armistice Day 
(nth November, 191 8) 

At II o'clock on the nth day of the nth month of 1918 
news was officially promulgated that at 5 o'clock (French time) 
that morning the armistice had been signed, at Versailles, and 
that at the moment of the announcement, on the very stroke 
of II, hostilities with Germany had ceased on the French front. 
The Kaiser had already fled to Holland in the craven way 
invariably attaching to a defeated braggart and bully, and the 
bubble of German domination w^as pricked at last. The King 
led the cheers with waving cap from the balcony of Buckingham 
Palace, the Queen waved the Union Jack, and others of the 
Royal Family joined in the enthusiasm of the crowd beneath, 
when the Prime Minister's official announcement was displayed 
upon the railings ; and London hung out its flags. The fighting 
had begun on the 4th August 4J years before, and had lasted 
just 1,561 days. 

It was already known by a few in Croydon that the signature 
had been obtained ; but there had been many disappointments, 
and all waited for authority to indulge in the heartfelt relief 
brought by the cessation of the long anxiety in which for so 
many years we had been plunged. Therefore, as it were in a 
solemn hush of the mind, we waited. At 1 1 o'clock the maroons 
went off, not to proclaim danger as of old, but the abolition of 
danger ; and after their long silence the Church bells once 
more pealed out in a full chorus ; the Town Hall Union Jack 
and the flag on the Church tower were run up — all at the same 
moment. The official 15 seconds elapsed and the maroon 
signal was repeated, a memory of so many air-raid warnings, 
now no more to be feared ; and thereupon the Mayor, from the 
Town Hall steps led the cheers which acknowledged the glad 
tidings. A happy idea struck the Deputy Mayor (Alderman 
Trumble) and the boy scouts were summoned to parade the 
Borough for the last time sounding their bugle-call " All clear," 
that call which on so many occasions they had blown with all 
the breath of their body along the streets at night, happy boys, 
encouraged (wonder of wonders) to ride at topmost speed, making 
as much noise as they could ! It was a kind thought of the 
Alderman's to give them this one last chance. Then the 



236 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

National Anthem was sung with fervour, the Mayor's fine voice 
distinctly leading ; and " Praise God from whom all blessings 
flow," Finally the simple little ceremony closed with a stirring 
speech from Mayor Houlder, acknowledging the thankfulness of 
the inhabitants for their deliverance from the menace that had 
threatened them for more than four years," asserting that 
" Prussian Mihtarism had received its death blow " and that 
" Autocracy had disappeared from the Earth." Wherefore, said 
the Mayor, "it is our bounden duty to lead the race in the 
reconstruction of the world after the terrible war which we can 
now reasonably say has come to an end. God bless Croydon ! " 
Needless to say the Mayor's happy speech was greeted with three 
times three, followed by three for himself, who had borne so 
brave a part throughout, and then very appropriately by three 
for the brave boys at the front who had won for us this most 
glorious of all victories, ending the greatest and most ferocious 
of wars. 

Croydon noisily manifested its joy while aeroplanes flew 
gaily overhead, but there was no real disorder. Flags quickly 
appeared on shops and houses, and in smaller editions were 
waved in a hundred hands. Big crowds assembled here and 
there and tramcars and omnibuses were occasionally held up in 
North End and High Street ; there was on all sides much shaking 
of hands, and bursts of cheering continually arose. 

Then as the darkness came on a significant thing happened. 
The plague of darkness had been one of the greatest discomforts 
of Croydon by night during the long years of great discomforts ; 
and here suddenly arose a moon over the centre of Croydon, 
not a cause of anxiety and a prelude to air-raids, but gradually 
revealing itself to the astonished eyes of the happy crowds as 
the once familiar face of the illuminated Town Hall Clock. A 
drizzle was falling, though the joyous throngs disregarded it ; 
for every eye was gladly raised to the Town Hall tower ; 
flagrantly disobeying the now useless law prohibiting lights at 
night. In a few minutes many of the principal shopkeepers 
illuminated, and quite a number of private residents followed the 
suggestion of the Town Hall Clock ; though it was not till the 
next evening that the inhabitants in general lit up our roads at 
night all over the Borough. The Armistice Day was fitly wound 
up by a special evening commemoration service hurriedly arranged 
for and attended by a large and thankful congregation at the 
Parish Church. 



II. Peace Day 
(19th July, 19 19) 

Unlike Armistice Day, which came somewhat suddenly 
upon us, on Monday, nth November, 1918, Peace Day was a 
fixed National Festival. We all knew that the peace with 
Germany which had been signed at Paris, on Monday, the 28th 
June, 1919, was to be celebrated on Saturday, 19th July ; 
consequently Croydon had time wherein to make due prepara- 
tions. The Borough rose to its opportunity. 

The Corporation voted jf 2,000 in order to have a celebration 
worthy of the town, and began by supplying the necessary 
background of colour. All Katharine Street, and the long 
central line of High Street and North End to West Croydon 
Bridge, and beyond as far as Broad Green, were hung with flags 
of every colour on great loops of cord suspended from crimson 
"Venetian masts" (as decorators call them), and amid the clash 
of the joyful church bells, these fluttered and waved and filled 
the streets with gladness. The weather was propitious in the 
morning, and with unusual mercifulness did not turn to rain 
until after the procession had passed, so that the large crowds 
could enjoy the long perspectives of the streets to their heart's 
content, and could appreciate the success with which the Town 
Hall as the vital centre of Croydon had put on festival attire. 
Great sweeps of flags were stretched from the balcony of the 
tower to the roofs of the Reference Library on the one side 
and the main building on the other ; vertical streams of colour, 
mainly royal blue and gold, marked the principal lines of the 
structure, while a great splash of colour spread horizontally 
across above at the balcony height, carrying on its breast 
the word " Victory," surmounted in the centre with the flags 
of our allies : France, Belgium, Italy, the United States, Serbia 
and Japan at the sides, and the Union Jack floating above them 
all. On the opposite side of the street stretched a huge " God 
Save the King." At the corner of High Street with Katharine 
Street rose a four-square arch on columns dedicated respectively 
to our greater " dominions," Canada, Australia, New Zealand 
and South Africa. 

Then the burgesses added to this already splendid decoration 
many flags, along the houses of the procession route, and those 
who had " tin hats," or German field-caps, or bits of shells, 



238 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

or any other keepsakes, proudly displayed them. Nor was 
humour wanting even on the house-fronts ; as witness the 
announcement on an empty shopfront in the London Road : 
" Having finished my holiday in France, 1914-1919, I am shortly 
opening this shop as a greengrocer," a gay prophecy of that 
rebuilding of the national prosperity which was to be our chief 
task from that time onwards. Soon after noon it really seemed 
as if no more people could be crowded into the centre of the 
town. 

Ex-Service men and women assembled in the Park Hill 
recreation ground at 2 p.m., and disabled men shortly afterwards 
in Lansdowne Road, and thereafter the carefully arranged 
programme planned by the Town Clerk was punctually carried 
out. The school children of the borough lined the streets by 
schools at 2.45, boys here, girls there ; each school vying with 
the rest in some characteristic touch. A bevy of happy school- 
girls in white, holding a woven rope of leaves and flowers would 
be seen along one section, a long line of boys with smart bouquets 
of flowers along another ; and so on in charming variety. With 
5,500 school children to work upon (as representing Croydon's 
25,000 scholars) and teachers of fine fancy and good taste, it 
was not difficult to reach a beautiful living decoration in this way, 
and at the same time to give the children a good view of the 
proceedings which it was so desirable to fix upon their memory. 
Many schools sang merrily while they waited, and the shrill 
childish voices rose gaily above the murmur of the crowd. 
Volunteers in a long line protected the rows of children. 

All the bands in Croydon were enrolled for the procession, 
and beyond their music and the children's, a quite novel and 
highly successful musical contribution was made by the Croydon 
Musical League in the shape of what one might call a perambulat- 
ing concert of national melodies. This league had come into 
being in response to the widespread feeling that England should 
be prepared to celebrate great occasions in some more worthy 
manner than by the " mafficking " of our fathers. A League 
of Arts formed in London summoned Croydon to join it ; but 
a few of our leading musicians, with Alderman H. Keatley 
Moore as Chairman, Mr. Alan J. Kirby as conductor, and under 
the presidency of Mayor Houlder, preferred to form a Croydon 
league, aiming not quite so high as the London body, but 
confining itself to simple music in which all bystanders might 
easily join. All choirmasters in Croydon were communicated 
with. The league's ambition was to get together a thousand 
voices as a festival choir, and though their ambitions were not 
fully satisfied, they got together a large body of good voices. 
To this considerable vocal contingent they joined what was 



PEACE DAY 239 

considered the best band in Croydon, the Silver Temperance 
Band, detaching it from the procession for that purpose. 
Rehearsals were held in the hall of the large bath, Scarbrook 
Hill, the only room big enough for the purpose, which had 
most fortunately remained floored-over for military uses, and 
was most obligingly lent by the officers commanding in the 
town. 

When the Borough School Cadets and the Girl Guides 
had made a line on the pavement edge opposite to the Town Hall, 
the Mayor and Council and the Magistrates took up their 
position on the platform in front of the Town Hall steps at 
3 o'clock. The band and the League Choir filtered with difficulty 
through the dense throng and formed up in the remains of the 
vacant space which should have been reserved for them, and 
which the irresistible crowd had considerably narrowed. After 
the Mayor had distributed many war medals and decorations to 
gallant fellows who had won them, he gave the signal, and 
" God Save the King " was played and sung. The streets 
resounded with that noble tune so dear to Englishmen all over 
the world, while the Town Hall flung back sonorous echoes. 
Then the band and choir did their best with the not very fine 
tune which does duty for " God Bless the Prince of Wales." 
Then followed the grandest of all choruses, the " Hallelujah 
Chorus," which the Mayor had especially desired. Those in 
charge had doubted if it would be effective in the open air, but 
Were glad to be proved to be wrong and to own that His Worship 
had been right. 

As the last " Hallelujah " resounded, distant cheers 
announced the arrival of the procession, and all Katharine Street 
shouted itself hoarse as Col. Roper brought his war- veterans to 
the salute in a long column of fours, interspersed with bands. 
Fourth Queen's, Fifth Queen's, Royal Engineers, Royal Artillery, 
Naval men. Air Force men, Royal Army Medical Corps, Royal 
Defence Corps, the Army Service Corps (led by Councillor 
Capt. Stevenson), the Labour Corps, and even a small body of 
warmly welcomed Colonials, headed by the Whitgift Cadets and 
their band, and followed by the girls of the W.A.A.C. and 
W.R.A.F., passed the Mayor, who took the salute which each 
component part gave him ; and mixed with them were machine- 
guns, military motor cars, war lorries, and many carriage loads 
of the wounded. All were heartily greeted along the far 
stretching line, but the loudest cheers of all were " Bravo, the 
Queen's." Last of all came the fine body of Special Constables, 
led by their energetic chief. Commander Swaine. Then the 
Mayor and his company having entered their carriages, brought 
up the rear of the procession. Impeded by the closely packed 



240 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

crowds the long line proceeded with difficulty by the High 
Street and North End to Broad Green, thence by Handcroft 
Road, Pitlake, and the Old Town to Duppas Hill, so far as the 
Mayor's division was concerned ; while the Deputy Mayor with 
the remainder of the procession went straight on to Brigstock 
Road and so to Grange Wood. As the procession drew clear 
the streets filled up, and whenever room could be found there 
were couples singing and dancing ; plenty of rough merriment 
and noise, but never any real disorder. 

In mid-career, at 4 o'clock, upon a pre-arranged signal 
given by maroons the whole procession stopped, the bands 
ceased playing, the cheers and the joyful talk of the crowds were 
hushed, the church bells were silent, men stood bareheaded 
and still, not only along the line of route but all over the borough. 
In memory of the great dead all Croydon solemnly struck two 
minutes from its life and remained everywhere motionless and 
soundless until a bugler sounded " The Last Post " from the 
Town Hall. He was followed by other buglers along the line, 
the tension ceased, and the festival spirit reassumed sway. 
But no one who experienced it will ever forget that two minutes' 
silence ; the thoughts that filled it remain part of the mind 
for ever ; it was the culminating moment of the day. As a 
mere " effect " it was overwhelming, beyond the power of words 
to convey. 

On Duppas Hill a cricket match " between Old and New 
Croydon," i.e., between men over 40 and men under 40, had 
been arranged, the difficulty being not to find players, but to 
select two elevens from the large number of cricketers presenting 
themselves, and this was proceeding vigorously when the Mayor 
and his company reached Duppas Hill. A portable platform 
being provided, the Mayor spoke from it to the large crowd — 
cricketers and all — which gathered round him, expressing the 
Borough's glad welcome of peace, and at the same time recalling 
the great price that Croydon had paid for it, since few of those 
around him had not lost someone near and dear to them. Then 
he ended on a note of praise and gratitude for the bravery of 
the fine men who had achieved this greatest of all victories. 

At 5 o'clock in a little drizzle, entirely disregarded, the 
cricketers began again, and the Mayor's portable platform 
having been conveyed down one of the Duppas Hill slopes, a 
charming open-air concert of national melodies was given by the 
massed choirs of the League in the natural amphitheatre provided. 
In addition to the music sung at the Town Hall and now repeated, 
" Rule Britannia," " Annie Laurie," " The Minstrel Boy," and 
the " March of the Men of Harlech," were heard as representing 



PEACE DAY 241 

respectively England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales ; while the 
" Land of Hope and Glory," as the best national song of our 
own times, and " Auld Lang Syne " for friendship's sake, were 
performed also by this fine body of voices and their accompanying 
band. It is to be hoped that the stimulus thus given in the 
name of Peace to collective musical production in Croydon will 
never again die out. Then came country dances by school 
children ; and soon a general dancing of old and young was set 
up all over the summit of the hill, to the music of some of the 
bands from the procession. 

At Grange Wood 8,000 to 10,000 people assembled, and 
as soon as the northern part of the procession had arrived, bands 
took it in turn to play, and Winterbourne Road school girls and 
Ecclesbourne Road school girls took turns in a most delightful 
succession of part singing, games, and country dances on the 
lawn until the rain drove the dancers indoors and the spectators 
under the shelter of the trees. At 8 o'clock the massed choirs 
of the League, having been conveyed across the borough in 
special tram-cars, sang the same programme as at Duppas Hill ; 
and the Mayor who had also arrived, with Mrs. Houlder, spoke 
pithily and well upon the lesson of the day, between two of the 
pieces, he and the large crowd and the choir and band quite 
disregarding the rain, which now began to fall heavily. The 
Mayor in full robes and chain, with the Macebearer accompany- 
ing him, loyally stood out the concert ; which indeed was well 
worth getting a wetting for. (At the Council Meeting, on the 
following Monday, the Mayor expressed his thankfulness for 
the Peace and his gratitude to all who had helped to celebrate 
it, and crowned the edifice of the celebration by a gift of ^(^500 
for beds at the Croydon Hospital, with preference to wounded 
soldiers.) 

At many other points in the borough, besides these two 
chief gatherings, local celebrations were held. The Mayor went 
from Grange Wood to South Norwood to attend one of these, 
at which the school children danced morris dances to the band's 
playing. Another was organised at Woodside ; 2,000 people 
assembled at Pollard's Hill to make merry in the daylight and 
to burn mighty flares at night ; at Wandle Park the Boy Scouts 
gave a display ; and at Addiscombe a lordly bonfire twenty feet 
high, was lit at 8.30, accompanied by fireworks and by a dis- 
tribution of sweets and biscuits to the many thronging, shouting 
children. 

This last was the more welcome since Addiscombe and 
other distant-living children were unable to get to Duppas Hill 
to see the fireworks once more, after so many years (but at 



242 CROYDON AND THE GREAT WAR 

treble or quadruple the cost of heretofore), provided, in his 
magnificent way, by Alderman Sir Frederick Edridge. Huge 
crowds thronged the slopes in thousands. Even the rain paused 
as if to look at splendours impossible during the war, but now 
for more than an hour delighting massed Croydon, and forming 
a magnificent ending to Peace Day. " Victory " sang the fire- 
works in blazing tones, " Keep the home fires burning," and 
finally " Thanks to the Boys," while the school children burst 
spontaneously into the strains of " Rule Britannia," taught them 
by their teachers so that they might join in with the massed 
League choir. (And that is one of the tiny touches of national 
unity which throughout the war-period constantly thrilled us in 
Croydon, every one being on the watch to join fraternally in 
everything going on in the borough.) At 1 1 o'clock the fireworks 
had ceased, and so (nearly) had the rain, and on the stroke of 
the hour a gorgeous ring of fire illuminated the whole sky, great 
flares arising from the Water Tower, Croham Hurst, Addington 
Hills, Beulah Hill, Pollard's Hill, and Russell Hill ; and on the 
further clouds reflected lights showed that beyond Croydon's 
blazing ring the country on every side was celebrating the great 
Victory in fire. Some illuminations brightened the night also, 
the most prominent being the electric lights above the Town 
Hall tower, and the very effective lighting of the tower at Gillett 
and Johnston's works. Then, on the road home, every street 
was filled with dancing crowds, the wonder being how they found 
room to dance. Again we must say, plenty of merriment and 
noise but not the slightest disorder. 

In a day so full and so varied it was inevitable that small 
contretemps would occur. The line of the procession could not 
be kept always intact because of the immense pressure of the 
crowds ; but wherever it broke it quickly reunited ; and so with 
other things arranged for, which became momentarily dis- 
arranged, and rearranged themselves as quickly. The whole 
programme was not only carried out, but was to time, and the 
celebration from first to last was worthy of the town. Probably 
never before were so many people packed into North End. 

And closing these great rejoicings on a deeper and more 
solemn note, The Messiah was performed in the Parish Church 
on the following Tuesday by a large choir and as large an 
orchestra as could be accommodated, conducted in a most 
finished manner by Mr. Alan Kirby, the additional organ 
accompaniments being performed by Mr. Leslie Smith. The 
mass of sound was ample when grand effects were wanted, 
while the solo voices could add the beauty of the softest tones 
whenever they were appropriate, since the church is admirable 
for sound. Many competent musicians present amongst the 



57 







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58 







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PEACE DAY 243 

crowded audience were at one in saying that they had never so 
fully realised the grandeur of Handel's masterpiece as on that 
occasion ; forming as it then did part of a service, not interrupted 
by the usual display and applause, but running its splendid 
course in perfect freedom, and enhanced by surroundings of the 
highest beauty and impressiveness such as our noble church 
provides. 

Of such a kind was Croydon's memorable Celebration of 
Peace Day, 1919. 



59 




I. The Hon. Editor : 
alderman H. Keatley Moore, J. P. 

B.A., Mus.Bac. 

^Mayor, Nov., 1906 to Nov., 190S) 

Hon. Freeman of the Borough 



2. The Assistant Editor : 
. C. Berwick Savers, F.L.A. (Hons.) 

Borough Librarian 
2 Surrey Vol. Regt., and i Vol. Bat. 
" The Queen's." 



THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 



PREFATORY NOTE 

In compiling the Roll cordial help has been received from many 
people and institutions, including the clergy and ministers of religion, 
schoolmasters, secretaries of societies, and others too numerous to name 
individually. Some of these were good enough to gather much 
information and to provide long lists of the men known to them. To 
all grateful thanks are due. Every method that suggested itself has 
been employed to secure completeness and accuracy ; such as posters 
displayed on church notice boards, in public buildings and on hoardings ; 
advertisements in the local press, and letters kindly inserted by the 
Editors ; public exhibitions at the Branch Libraries, and the publication 
of " Provisional Lists " ; while the entire list of the fallen and of the 
Military Honours, as it presented itself at that date, was published in 
the " Peace " souvenir issue of The Croydon Times, on 26th July, 1919. 
Many names have been obtained from announcements in the official 
lists and in the newspapers ; but in some cases it has been impossible 
to discover the addresses of next-of-kin in order to check the information. 
It is hoped, however, that the lists are reasonably complete and free 
from serious error, but it is not to be hoped that they are perfect, although 
no energy has been stinted in the attempt to make them so. The Roll 
contains the names of 

2506 of the Fallen 

499 of those who have won Military Honours 
207 Returned Prisoners-of-War. 

In order to bring the lists within manageable compass, abbreviations 
have been used freely. It is believed that most of these are clear, and 
the following is a list of those likely to be unfamiliar. 

A.B. Able-bodied Seaman. 

A.M. Air Mechanic. 

act.- acting. 

b. born. 

bdr. bombardier. 

CCS. Casualty Clearing Station. 

D. Died. 

D.T.M.O. Divisional Trench Mortar stn. 
Officer. 

e.s. elder, eldest son of. 

G .S .0 . General Staff Officer. 

M. Middle. 

M.T. Mechanical Transport. 

P.O. Petty Officer. 

par. parish. 

Hyphened names are entered under the last part of the name. 
In one or two places the strict alphabetical arrangement of names has 
been very slightly varied in order that the names of brothers might 
be entered together. 

The plates bearing the portraits are numbered throughout in 
Roman figures and the portraits on each plate in Arabic figures. The 
Roll serves as a key, a reference being given at the end of each entry 
in connexion with which there is a portrait ; thus " (Plate X., 3) " 
indicates that the third portrait on plate ten is that of the man. 



prep. 


preparatory. 


prev. 


previous-ly. 


ret. 


returned. 


s. 


son of. 


sec. 


secondary. 


secty. 


secretary. 


Stat. 


stationary. 


stn. 


station. 


trans . 


transferred. 


U. 


Upper. 


w. 


wounded. 


y.s. 


younger, youngest 




son of. 



I. The Glorious Dead 

" Their name liveth for evermore." — 

Ecclesiasticus, XLIV., 14. 

Abbott, Alfred, Cpl., E, Sur. Regt. 

b., '80 ; married. Res., S. Norwood, Member of Nat. Res. 

D., of pneumonia, 18 Oct., '14 ; buried, St. James' Cem., 

Dover. 
Abdee, Charles, 3318, Pte., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Bandon Hill, 14 May, '94. Educ., Beddington Cent. Sch. 

and St. James' Sch., Croydon. Single. Shop Asst. Erd., 

Nov., '15. Fe//, Suvla Bay, 9 Aug., '16. (Plate III., i). 
Abdee, George, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

h., '79 ; married. Fell, France, i Jul., '16. 
Abel, Henry Thomas, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

h., Finsbury, 21 Aug., '75 ; married. Government Packer. 

Res., 29 Stroud Rd., Woodside. Enl., 8 May, '17. Fell, nr. 

St. Quentin, 21 Mar., '18. 
Abnett, Frank, Cpl., W. Yorks. Regt. 

b., '87 ; married ; i child. Empl. by L.B. & S.C.R. Res., 

16 U. Drayton Place, Croydon. Enl., in R.E., Sept., '14 ; w., 

I Nov., '17. Fell, 24 Mar., '18. 
Acock, S. W., Pte. 

Educ., Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. Nurseryman. Enl., 

Aug., '14. Fell, France, 6 Feb., 'i6. 
Adams, C. A. G., Rflmn., R. Irish Rif. 

b., '98 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. C. P. Adams, 14 Dennett Rd., Croydon. 

Educ, Brit. Sch., Croydon. Empl. by Welldon Engine Works. 

Enl., Apr., '16. D., 15 Apr., '18, while a pris. of war, from 

wounds reed. 21 Mar., '18. 
Adams, C. H., 2/Lt., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '90 ; 3>-rf s., Mr. & Mrs. John Adams, 21 Addis. Grove, 

Croydon. Educ, Surrey House, Margate, and Dulwich Coll. 

W., '15. Fell, 20 Sept., '17. 
Adams, Edgar, Pte., Artists Rif., 28 Lond. Regt. 

b., '97 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. John Adams, 21 Addis. Grove, 

Croydon. Fell, 27 Sept., '18. 
Adams, F. M., Sgt., 2 Btn., i Can. Contingent. 

b., Croydon, 24 Jan., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Henry Adams, 94 

Selsdon Rd., Croydon. Educ, Dering PI. Sch., Croydon. Enl., 

Sept., '14, at Cobourg, Ontario. Fell, nr. Zillebeke, 3 Jun., '16. 
Adams, H. N., Sgt., 19 R. Fus. 

b., II Nov., '96. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Enl., '14. Ment. 

in despatches, '16. Fell, France, 2 Jan., '16. 
Adams, James Raymond. 1381, Rflmn., Q.W.Rif. (x/i6 Lond. Regt.). 

b., Acton Green Lodge, Middlesex, 26 Apr., '93 ; s., George G. 

& Ada J Adams, 16 Elmwood Rd., Croydon. Educ, Colet 

Court, W. Kensington, Pembroke Sch., Bruges, and Whitgift 

G. Sch. Single. Clerk in Surveyor's Off. Enl., 20 Nov., '11 ; 

zu., Ypres, 28 Oct., '15. D., Nervi, nr. Genoa, 19 Jul., '17. 

(Plate III., 2). 
Adams, John Rodway, Pte., R.N.V.R. 

b., 27 Aug., '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Edward Butler Adams, Park 

Rd., Wallington. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '00-02. Ment. in 

despatches. Killed while engaged on anti-submarine work. 



248 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Adams, R., 7101, Pte., Lond. Regt; 
Fell, '17. 

Adams, T. G., R.N. ^ . ^, ^^,. 

6., '84; married; 2 children. Res., 13 Laurier Rd., Addis. 
Lost, with H.M.S. "Aboukir," torpedoed by German submarine 
U9 in North Sea, 22 Sept., '14. 

Adderley, Edward John, Pte., Can. Inf. 

b , Terozepore, 12 Nov., '89 ; e.s., E. J. & A. Adderley, 35 Beulah 
Rd., T. Heath. Fell, 15 Aug., '17. 

Addison, Geoffrey, Pte., 5 Can. E.F. 

b., '84 ; e.s.. Dr. &Mrs.W. B. Addison, formerly of T. Heath. 
Fell, 26 Sept., '16. 

Addy, Kenneth James Balgny, 2/Lt., K.R.R.C. 

b., 12 Apr., '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. George Henry Addy, Ightham, 
Kent. Edtic, Whitgift G. Sch., '04-08. Enl. in Artists Rif., 
Aug., '14. Fell, France, 3 Oct., '15. 

Adnitt, Ernest Edward, 8469, Pte., R.B. 

b., 18 Frith Rd., Croydon, 13 Jul., — . Educ, Par. Ch, Sch., 
Croydon. Married. Labourer. Res., 9 Southsea Rd., Croy- 
don. Enl., 9 Feb., '15. Fell, Ypres, 30 Jul., '15, 

Agate, Sydney Herbert, 2/Lt., 4 Beds. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 11 Jul., '84; 2nd s., Mr. & Mrs. W. G. Agate 
Headcorn, Kent. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Single. Res., 
Forest Hill. Enl., in Lond. Scottish, Nov., '14 ; commis., Aug., 
'16. Fell, nr. River Ancre, Nov., '16. 

Aherne, R. H., Trooper, — Yeom. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Fell, '18. 

Ainsworth, Charles Joseph, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 17 Grove^Rd., Redhill, 27 Apr., '17. Educ, Redhill. Married. 
Coal porter. Res., 20 Dickenson's Lane, Woodside. Enl.. 

9 Jan., '15 ; w., Festubert, 16 May, '15, Mametz, 2 Jul., '16. 
W. and missing, presumed fallen, Vimy, 23 Apr., '17. 

AiREY, W. H., 82933, Bdr., R.G.A. 

b., '89 ; married. Res., 19 Hartley Rd., Croydon. Empl. at 
Croydon Electricity Works. Enl., 19 May, '16. Fell, France, 

10 Jul., '17. 

AiRRiss, George Frederick, Pte., 22 Manchr. Regt. 

b., 19 Jul., '84. Educ, T.C.T., Goldsmiths' Coll., Lond. Univ. 

Teacher, Croydon Council Sch. Enl. in 24 Middlesex Regt. about 

Dec, '15 ; went to France, Jun., '16. Fell, nr. Bucquoy, France, 

14 Mar., '17. 
Aldous, Alfred E., Pte., R.A.S.C. 

b., '89; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Aldous, 19 Queen St., Croydon; 

married ; 2 children. D., of influenza, at Calais, 20 Feb., '19^ 
Aldous, Horace J., Pte., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '98 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Aldous, 19 Queen St., Croydon. Educ, 

Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. Empl. by Croydon Gas Coy. 

D. of wounds, Palestine, 26 Apr., '18. 
Alexandre, John William, Middlesex Regt. 

s., Capt. & Mrs. Alexandre, St. Brelade's Bay, Jersey. Res.^ 

27 Hawke Rd., U. Norwood. Fell, '17. 
Allaway, William Thomas Walter, Pte., i E. Kent Regt. 

b., Camberwell, 5 May, '79 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Allaway, Heme Bay, 

Kent. Educ, Bryers Sch., Forest Hill. Married. Insurance 

Clerk. Enl., 30 Nov., '15. D., 20 May, '16, at 8 Stat. Hosp., 

Wimereux, of wounds reed., 16 May, '16. 
Allen, A., 41133, Pte., R. Innis. Fus. 

Res., T. Heath. Fell, Jul., '17. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 249 

Allen, E. W., 201732, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Res., T. Heath. D., of wounds, 30 Jun., '17. 

Allen, F. Blair-, L/Cpl., D.L.I. 

b., 7 Sept., '88 ; s., Rev. & Mrs. Edward Blair-Allen. Educ, 
Whitgift G. Sch. 

Allen, Frederick Thomas, Pte., Border Regt. 

Res., 49a Beulah Grove, Croydon. Empl. by Messrs. Sainsbury, 
Purley. Enl., May, '15 ; tv., '16. D. of wounds, 6 May, '18. 

Allen, G. P., 2/Lt., 3/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Limpsfield, Surrey, i Dec, '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Francis Allen, 
21 Duppas Hill Terrace, Croydon. Educ, Tonbridge Sch 
Single. Gazetted, 3 Jun., '15. D., at Caterham Cott. Hosp., 
21 Dec, '15, of wounds reed, in bombing accident at Godstone, 
19 Dec, '15. (Plate XXXVI., 6). 

Allen H. J., Pte., Northd. Fus. 

b., '84. Educ., Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Married ; 2 
children. Res., 130 Burlington Rd., T. Heath. Empl. by 
Messrs. J. Grundy. Ettl., in R.W.S. Regt., '16. D., at King 
George Hosp., 17 Apr., '18, of wounds reed, in France, 15 Apr., 
'18 ; buried. Queen's Rd. Cem., Croydon. 

Allen, Harry, 225524, Pte., 2/2 Lond. Regt. 

Married ; i son. Res., 271 Bensham Lane, T. Heath. Empl. by 
Croydon Corp. Tramways. Taken pris., 21 Mar., '18. D., of 
pneumonia while pris. of war, at Wass Elnheim Elsass War Hosp., 
29 Jun., '18. 

Allen, John Sydney, Cpl., Q.V. Rif. (9 Lond. Regt.). 

b., '95 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. F. J. Allen, T. Heath. Educ, M. 
Whitgift Sch. Empl. at Lloyds Bank. EiiL, '14. Fell, 1 Jul., '16. 

Allen, John T. N., Pte., R.W. Kent Regt. 

b., 4 Sylverdale Rd., Croydon, 31 Mar., '92. Educ, Par. Ch. 
Sch., Croydon. Married. Baker. Enl., 4 Feb., '17. Fell, 
Dickebusch, nr. Ypres, 17 Jul., '17. 

Allen, Robert William Bolton, Lond. Regt. 

b., '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Robert L. Allen, Dale Rd., Purley. 
Fell, '17. 

Allport, Frank, Pte., 25 Aust. I.F. 

b., S. Afr. ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Allport, Fountains Creek, Miles, 
Queensland, Aust. Educ, Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Farmer. Res., Queensland. Enl., Sept., '15. D. of wounds at 
47 C.C.S., France, Jul, '18. 

Amos, Edwin Alfred, 61827, Pte., 13 R. Fus. 

b., Fulham, 26 Oct., '97. Educ, Brit., and M. Whitgift Schs., 
Croydon. Single. Insurance clerk. Res. ,12 Royal Mans., Lond .Rd., 
Croydon. Enl., 12 May, '16. Fell, Monchy-le-Preux, 10 Apr., '17 

Anderson, Alfred, Sgt., Lond. Irish Rif. (18 Lond. Regt.) 

Educ, High Sch., Croydon. Enl., '14. Fell, 28 May, '17. 

Anderson, Basil, Capt. 

Educ, High Sch., Croydon. M.C. Fell, '18. 

Anderson, Eric. 

Educ, High Sch., Croydon. Fell, Nyassaland, '18. 

Anderson, F., 48601, Pte., Welsh Regt. 
Res., S. Croydon. 

Anderson, Frank, L/Cpl., R. Suss. Regt. 

b., '86 ; married ; 4 children. Empl. by Croydon Corp. Tram- 
ways. Res., 4 Crunden Road, Croydon. Enl., Aug., '14 ; w., 
II Nov., '14. D., of heart stroke, 15 Jul., '17. 

Andrew, A. R., Lt., M.G.C. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Missing. 



2SO THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Annan, Robert P., L/Cpl., R.E. (T.) 

s., Mr. & Mrs. James Annan. i?ex., Croydon. FeZ/, 30 Nov.,'17. 

Anscomb, William, L/Cpl., 7 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Shirley, i Apr., '95 ; 5., F. & M, Anscomb, 45 Gillett Rd , 
T. Heath. Educ, Shirley Ch. Sch. Single. Res., 12 Elm Rd. 
T. Heath. Enl., Nov., '13 ; w., 4 times. Taken pris., 23 Mar., 
'18. D. at Lamsdorf pris. of war camp, Germany, 9 Aug., *i8, 

Anscomb, William Andrew, ist Class Stoker, R.N. 

b., Horsham. Educ, Christ Ch. Sch, Croydon. Married ; 3 
daughters. Res., Bute Rd., Croydon. Served 14 years in R.N. 
Lost -with. H.M.S. " Genista," 23 Oct., '16. 

Appleby, Charles Frederick, 3670, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Beddington, 24 Mar., '93 ; s., F. W. & C. G. Appleby, 4 Farm 
Cott., Beddington Lane, Croydon. Educ, Beddington Cent. Sch. 
Single. Farm labourer. Enl., i Dec, '14 ; w., '15. Fell, 
Mametz, 1 Jul., '16. 

Appleton, David Hopkins, 31223, Rflmn., R.B. 

b., Croydon, '88 ; removed to North Camp, Aldershot, '90, 
returning to Croydon, '00. Educ, Redan Hill Sch., Aldershot. 
Single. Joiner and carpenter. Res., 20 Wandle Rd., Croydon, 
Enl., II Oct., '16. D., of wounds reed, at Ypres, 14 Oct., '17. 

ASHBY, Albert Cyril, 533039, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

b., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. Ashby, 37 George St., Croydon, 
Fell, France, 25 Jun., '17. 

Ashby, Arthur, Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 80 Whitehorse Rd., Croydon, 12 Nov., '94 ; s., B. G. & 
Caroline Ashby, 47 Neville Rd., Croydon. Educ, St. James* 
Sch., Croydon. Single. Labourer in flour mills. Enl., Jan., 
'15. £)., 9 Aug., '17, of wounds reed, on Somme, i Jul., '16. 

Ashby, Harry Ernest, Rflmn., 6 Lond. Regt. 

b., Clapham, 23 Sept., '95 ; s., late Mr. & Mrs. Ashby, 29 Wilt- 
shire Rd., Croydon. Educ, St. Andrew's Sch., Stockwell, 
Single. Checker, empl. by Tower Margarine Coy., Mitcham 
Common. Enl., in 3/4 R.W.S. Regt., '15. D., 26 May, '17, 
at St. Omer, of wounds reed, accidentally while engaged in rifle- 
grenade practice. 

Ashby, Herbert William, Rflmn., 13 K.R.R.C. 

h., II Queen St., Croydon, 8 Feb., '91 ; y.s., John & Fanny 
Ashby, 10 Fawcett Rd., Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. 
Married. Res., Forest Hill. Enl., 10 Sept., '14. Fell, 
Wytschaete, 3 Jul., '17. 

Ashby, S., 1316, Pte., Middlesex Regt. 
Fell, Jul., '16. 

Ashcroft, Willi.-vm Worsley, Maj., R. Irish Rif. (attd. M.G.C.) 

b., '79 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. W. Ashcroft, 13 The Waldrons, Croydon 
Educ, Aldenham. Married ; 2 children. Partner of Messrs, 
Fuller, Moon & Fuller. Hon. Sec, E. Sur. Agricultural Assn. 
Gazetted, 2/Lt., Jun., '15. Fell, France, 16 Apr., '18. 

Ashlin, William H., Pte., i R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '89 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Ashlin, 142 Stanley Rd., Croydon. 
Married. Empl. by Messrs. Fremlin. Enl., Apr., '16 ; w., '16. 
Fell, 25 Sept., '17. 

Askew, Cyril Horace, 2/Lt., 8 Middlesex Regt. 

b., '93 ; 2nd s., Mr. & Mrs. J. W. Askew, 19 Belvedere Rd., U. 
Norwood. Educ, Acton County Sch. Clerk, Lond., City and 
Midland Bank. Enl., in Q.V. Rif., '14. Commis., '17. Fell, 
Arras, 9 Apr., '17. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 251 

\3T0N, George, C.Q.M.S., 3 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 3 May, '79 ; s., George & Emily Aston, 17 Warwick 
Rd., T. Heath. Educ, St. Saviour's Ch. Sch., Croydon. Married ; 
2 children. Enl., 3 Dec, '97 ; served in S.A. War (med., 6 bars)i 
P'el!, nr. Hangard Wood, 4 Apr., '18. 
Atha, Leonard Edward, 2/Lt., R.F.C. 

b., Dulwich, 19 May, '99 ; s., H. M. & G. Atha, 69 Northampton 
Rd., Croydon. £'Jmc., Whitgift G. Sch, Single. Bank clerk. 
Enl., as cadet. May, '17. Fell on his first war flight, nr. St. 
Quentin, 5 Mar., '18. Buried, Mil. Cem., Ham, France. (Plate 

v.. 5). 

Atkins, Arthur Charles, 2/Lt., 3 Lond. Regt. 

b., Nunhead, 20 Apr., '97 ; e.s., Charles W. & S. S^lina Atkins, 
68 Norbury Crescent, S.W. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch., and City 
of Lond. Sch. Single. Empl. by Phoenix Insur. Coy. Enl., in 
Inns of Court O.T.C., 10 Jul., '15. Fell, nr. Ginchy, 9 Sept., '16. 

Atkins, E. R. J., 238863, Sapper, R.E. 
Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '17. 

Atkinson, James Percy, Pte., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Wilford Rd., Croydon, 26 Apr., '95. Educ, Princess Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Shop asst. Res., 24 Beulah Grove, Croydon. 
Enl., 26 Aug., '14. Fell, France, 14 Oct., '15. 

Atkinson, Lewis de Burgh, Capt., R. Suss. Regt. 

b., 26 Aug., '79 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Alexander Humphry Atkinson, 
King's Rd., Cheltenham. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '91-94. 
Married. Res., " Birchgrove," E. Croydon. Mentioned in 
despatches, Jan., '17. Fell, France, 16 Aug., '16. 

Atkinson, Sidney William, Pte., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b.. Smith's Yard, High St., Croydon. Educ, Princess Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Carman. £■«/., 14 Jun., '15. D., Alexandria, 
25 Dec, '17, of wounds reed, in Egypt 2 days prev. 

Attewell, Alfred William, Pte., M.G.C. 

b., Wandsworth, 10 Jul., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Alfred William 
Attewell, 26 Leslie Pk. Rd., Croydon. Educ, Sevenoaks Counc 
Sch., and Oval Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Printer. Enl., in 
2/4 R.W.S. Regt., 19 Oct., '14. Fell, France, 29 Aug., '16. 

Attwell, Francis. 

Res., Addison Rd., S. Norwood. Fell, in retreat from Mons, '14. 

Austin, Thomas Carnelley MacDonald, Capt., 4 S.W.B. 

b., Leytonstone, 27 Aug., '91 ; s.. Rev. George Beesley & Mrs. 
Elen Austin, 7 Mowbray Rd., U. Norwood. Educ, City of 
Lond Sch., & Oriel Coll., Oxford. Single. Undergraduate. 
Joined, 2/Lt., Aug., '14 ; ment. in despatches for services at 
Gallipoli, Dec, '15. Fell, on second attempt to relieve Kut, 
9 Apr., '16. 

AvELiNE, A. H., Sgt., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Elgin Rd., Paddington, '89. Educ, Abp. Tenison's Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Chauffeur. Res., 26 Oval Rd., Croydon. 
Enl., 31 Aug., '14. Fell, 9 Mar., '16. 

Aylen, F. E., 59421, Pte., Lab. Corps. 

Res., S. Norwood. D., of wounds, Oct., '17. 

Baber, Kemble Frederick, 201853, Pte., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 27 May, '82 ; s., Johnson & Mary Charlotte Baber, 
late of 114 Dennett Rd., Croydon. Educ, Christ Ch. Sch., 
Croydon. Married ; 2 sons. Decorator's foreman. Res., 20 
Cecil Rd., T. Heath. Enl., 29 Jul., '15 ; served in Egypt and 
Palestine. Fell, France, Jul., '18. (Plate IV., 6). 



252 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Badcock, Edward S., 200042, Sgt., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '88 ; s., George Edward & Annie Badcock, 184 Holmesdale 
Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. 
Married. Empl. by L.B.& S.C.R. iies., Wallington. Fe//, Albert, 

16 Jun., '18. 

Badcock, Henry Albert, Cpl., i Can. Inf. 

b., Southwark, 29 Apr., '90 ; s., George Edward & Annie 
Badcock, 184 Holmesdale Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Whitehorse 
Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Single. Farmer. Res., Ontario, Can. 
Previously booking clerk, Norwood June. Stn., L.B. &S.C.R. 
Enl., Jan., '15. Fell, Courcelette, 21 Sept., '16. 

Badham, W. E., 1 183, Sgt., R.F.A. 

Res., S. Norwood. Fell, Jun., '16. 

Bagwell, E. J., Pte., Middlesex Regt. 

b., '94 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Arthur Bagwell, 353 Brighton Rd., 
Croydon. Enl., May, '15, Fell, France, 26 Mar., '18. 

Bailey, Edward Henry, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 43 Russell Rd., Croydon, 3 Sept., '94. Educ, Sydenham Rd. 
Sch., Croydon. Single. Labourer. Enl., Mar., '11. Fell, 
Zonnebeke, 21 Oct., '14. 

Bailey, F. G., Pte., R. Suss. Regt. 

Empl. by Croydon Corp. Tramways. Fell, '17. 

Bailey, James, Pte., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '94; s., Mr. & Mrs. Bailey, 16 Bruce Rd., S, Norwood. 
Ffi^Mc, Ecclesbourne Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Telegraph messenger. 
Fell, II Oct., '15. 

Bailey, James Alfred, Sgt., 11 R. Fus. 

b., Harlow, Essex, 19 Aug., '86 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. J. Bailey, Harlow, 
Essex. Educ, Harlow. Married ; 3 children. Butchers' Can- 
vasser. Res., 17 Newark Rd., Croydon. Enl., 9 Sept., '14. 
M.M.,Theipval, 26 Sept., '16 (medal presented to widow by Duke 
of Connaught at Wellington Barracks, 31 Aug., '17). Fell, France, 

17 Feb., '17. 

Bailey, Lionel Keith H., ist A.M., R.F.C. 

b., Aylesford, Kent, 6 Nov., '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. W. S. J. 
Bailey, 263 Whitehorse Lane, S. Norwood. Educ, Portland 
Rd. Sch., S. Norwood, and Lond. Polyt. Single. Clerk at 
Lloyd's. Res., Addis. Enl., 19 Jan., '15. Killed in accident, 
Auchy-au-Bois, 18 Sept., '17. Buried, Lillers Communal Cem. 
(Plate v., 6). 

Bailey, Louis John, 2/Lt., R.F.C. 

b., T. Heath, 25 Jul., '93 ; s., W. & Ellen Bailey, 369 Bensham 
Lane, T, Heath. Educ, Mackenzie Sch., Slough. Single. 
Commercial clerk. Enl., in Artists Rif., 8 Dec, '15. Fell, 
Poperinghe, 17 Jun., '17. 

Baines, Arthur, 3481, Pte., R. Fus. 

b., Tooting, '88 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. S. G. Baines, 57 Lr. Addis. Rd., 

Croydon. Educ, Oval Rd. Sch., Croydon. Enl., 3 Apr., '16 ; 

w., 13 Nov., '16. D., France, 2 Aug., '17, of wounds reed., 31 

Jul., '17. 
Baker, A. E., 5226, Trooper, Hussars. 

Res., T. Heath. 

Baker, A. W., Cpl., R.F.A. 
Res., Croydon. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 255 

Baker, Albert George, 9927, L/Cpl., Lond. Regt. (attd. M G.C.) 

b., II Jul., '96 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. G. Baker, 17 Leander Rd., T. 

Heath. Educ, Winterbourne Rd. Sch., T. Heath, and St. 

Olave's Sch. Empl. by Lond. & River Plate Bank. Enl., '14 ; 

w., Jan., '15. D., of wounds at C.C.S., Maricourt, 14 Sept., '16. 

Buried, Corbie sur Somme. 
Baker, Alfred, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. W. Baker, 51 Newark Rd., Croydon. Educ, 

Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. D., Birmingham, Mar., '16. 
Baker, Arthur, 4874, Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. W. Baker, 51 Newark Rd., Croydon. 

Educ, Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. Enl., Mar., '16. D., of 

wounds reed. 9 Aug., '17. 
Baker, E., Sgt., Manchr. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. W. Baker, 51 Newark Rd., Croydon. Educ, 

Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. Married. D., 6 Sept., '18, of 

wounds reed. 21 Aug., '18. 
Baker, Ernest, Pte., Essex Regt. 

b., Croydon, 13 Jul., '89. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. 

Married. Laundry engineer. Res., 5 Lambeth Rd., Croydon. 

Enl., 10 Jun., '16. Fell, France, 5 Apr., '18. 
Baker, Frederick Edward, R.N. 

b., '00. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Joined, '14. Lost with 

H.M.S. " Warrior," Battle of Jutland, i Jun., '16. 
Baker. George, L/Cpl., Essex Regt. 

b., Edenbridge, 30 Sept., 'q8. Educ, Four Elms. Married. 

Labourer. Res., 25 Tait Rd., Croydon. Enl., 24 Jun., '16. 

Fell, France, 13 Apr., '17. 
Baker, Harold William, Pte., R. Fus. 

Fell, 16 Apr., '17. 
Baker, Harry E. R., L/Cpl., R.W. Kent Regt. 

b., '75 ; married. Fell, 27 Mar., '16. 
Baker, Henry James, Pte. 

Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Fell, 25 Sept., '17. 
Balding, Reginald Norman, 2/Lt., 3/5 Beds. Regt. (attd. M.G.C.) 

b., Colombo, Ceylon, 5 Apr., '95 ; y.s.. Rev. & Mrs. J. W. 

Balding, 21 Chatsworth Road, Croydon. Educ, St. Michael's, 

Limpsfield, and King's Sch., Ely. Single. Bank clerk. Enl. 

in H.A.C., Feb., '15 ; commis., Sept., '15. Fell, Jebel Hamrin, 

Mesopotamia, 30 Mar., '17. (Plate HL, 6). 
Baldwin, William Charles, Pte., 1/23 Lond. Regt. 

fe., '94. £■«/., 4 Jan., '16. Z)., of wounds, Somme. Buried, Alhert. 
Ballot, J., Pte.. i Ox. & Bucks. L. L 

b., Lr. Church St., Croydon. Res., 14 Frith Rd., Croydon. 

Fell, Marne, '14. 
Bance, a. F., 73503, Pte., Sher, For. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Bance, 74 Cherry Orchard Rd., Croydon. Fell, 

Mar., '18. 
Banks, Fred Lakeman, L/Cpl., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., iQ Jan., '74 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Fredk. Se^Tnour Banks, 4 John 

St., Lond., W.C. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch,''87-9i. R. Humane 

Soc. Med. ; winner of Spencer Cup, Bisley ; served in S.A. War. 

Twice zo. Fell, Ypres, 13 May, '15. 
Banks, Henry Bellwood. 

s., late H. B. Banks, S. Norwood. D., of wounds, France, 22 

May, '18. 



254 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Banyard, Frederick William, Cpl., ii R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Sydenham, 24 Jul., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs, R. Banyard, 50 

Addison Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Portland Rd. Sch., S. 

Norwood. Married. Clerk. Res., 21 Harrington Rd., S. Nor- 
wood. Enl., 6 Nov., '15. Fell, Flers, France, 16 Sept., '16. 
Barber, Frederick William, C.Q.M.S., 2 R.B. 

b., St. Pancras, 7 Mar., '77 ; s., Mr. & Mrs, T. D. Barber, 43 

George St., Croydon. £'(fuc.. Oval Rd. Sch., Croydon, Married. 

Empl. in ham & beef trade. Enl., 18 Jan., '97, Fell, Neuve 

Chapelle, 10 Mar., '15. 
Barber, H., Pte., 5518, Leinster Regt. (attd. R.E.) 

b., '82. Married ; 4 children. Empl. by Croydon Corp, Res,, 20 

High St., T, Heath. Enl. in R.F.A., 6 May, '16, £>„ 15 Aug,, 

'17, of wounds reed, at Ypres, 5 Aug., '17. 
Barker, Edward Thomas, Pte., 1/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 8 Dec, '91 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. David William Barker, 4 Beech 

House Rd., Croydon. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch., and Whitgift G. 

Sch, '04-08. D., of sunstroke, Lucknow, '15, 
Barker, H., 243158, Pte., E. Kent Regt. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Barker. L. H., 49864, Pte., D.L.I, 

Res., Croydon. D., of wounds, '17, 
Barker, William, Stoker, R.N. 

b., '88 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Frederick Barker, 55 Cobden Rd., S. 

Norwood. Married, Gardener, Killed on H.M.S. " Hawke," 

when torpedoed by enemy submarine, Oct., '14. 
Barkham, Cyril Norman, 4150, Rflmn., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. H. B. Barkham, 10 Cameron Rd., Croydon. 

Single. D., at 34 C.C.S., nr. Albert, 27 Oct., '16, of wounds 

reed. nr. Combles, 8 Oct., '16, 
Barkham, Herbert Thomas Clifford, 5391, Pte., H.A.C, 

s., Mr. & Mrs. H. B. Barkham, 10 Cameron Rd., Croydon. Single. 

Z). of broncho-pneumonia, Wimereux, 15 Aug. ,'17. (Plate HI., 5). 
Barley, Arthur Cecil, Rflmn., Q.W.Rif, (16 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Croydon, 15 Dec, '92 ; s., late Fredk. Barley, 36 Leander Rd., 

T. Heath. Educ, High Sch., Croydon. Single. Clerk, Stock 

Exc Res., 338 Lond. Rd., Croydon, Enl., Aug., '14. Fell, 

Ypres, 4 Oct., '15, 
Barnes, A., 5329, Pte., R. Suss, Regt, 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '17, 
Barnes, C. E., L/Cpl., Lanes. Fus. 

e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Chas. H, Barnes, 44 Ederline Av., Norbury. 

D., of heart failure, 22 May, '18, while pris. of war at Brussels. 
Barnes, Herbert, 111040, Gnr., R.G.A. 

b., '86. Married ; i child. Empl. at Rates Dept,, Croydon 

Corp. Enl., 27 Jul., '16. Fell, 3 Oct., '17, 
Barnes, J. C, 32087, Cpl., R.F.A. 

Res., Norbury. Fell, '16. 
Barnes, W. J., 683068, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

Res., W. Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Barnes, William Alfred, 1048, Cpl., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. C. Barnes, 13 Dundee Rd., S. Norwood. 

Empl. by Messrs. W. H, Smith & Sons, Enl., 2 Sept., '14. 

Fell, Vermelles, 4 Apr., '16. 
Barnett, Albert, Pte., Can, Scottish. 

Educ, Ecclesbourne Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Farmer. Res,, 

Can. Fell, Sept., '16. 





1. Pte. N. McCoLViN, 8 Border Regt. 

2. 2/Lt. A. West, M.C., 2 R.W.S. Regt. 

3. 2/Lt W. West, 9 Shervv. P'or. 

4. Dr. E. D. Parsons 







1. S/SgtJ. A. Clarkk.R.A.S.C. (Remounts) 3. 

2. Bdn F. C. Walter, R.F.A. 4. 



Gnr. E. W. Jex, R.F.A. 
Sgt. A. E. Bridges, R.F.A. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 255 

Barnett, H. W., 2/Lt., 26 R. Fus. 

b., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. K. Barnett, Pampisford Rd., Croydon. 
Married. Empl. by Messrs. Hammond & Hussey, Croydon. 
Fell, 20 Sept., '17. (Plate XIV., i). 

Barneveld, Robert William, Rflmn., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Croydon, 20 Sept., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. T. A. Barneveld, 19 
Norman Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Ecclesbourne Rd., and Boro. 
Schs., Croydon. Single. Training for articles in accountancy. 
Enl., Oct., '17. Fell, Berry-au-Bac, Aisne, 27 May, '18. 

Barnham, John William James, Sgt., 14 R.W. Kent Regt. 

b., Clifton Rd., S. Norwood, 10 Mar., '95 ; s., James & Rosina 
Selina Barnham, 243 Whitehorse Rd., Croydon. Educ, Portland 
Rd. Sch., S. Norwood. Empl. by Croydon Electricity Works. 
Res., 17 Manor Rd., S.Norwood. Enl., 29 Nov , '15 ; M.M„ 7 
Jun., '17 ; bar, 20 Sept., '17. Fell, Grossett, Italy, i Dec, '17. 

Barrat, William T., Lt., Manchr. Regt. 

b., '77. Married. Empl. by Croydon Gas Coy. Enl., in 
Lond. Regt., '15 ; commis., '16. D., 25 Apr., '17, of wounds 
reed. 24 Apr., '17. 

Barrett, Sidney, 37033, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Married. Res., 132 Lebanon Rd., Croydon. Fell, 21 Sept., '18. 

Barrie, David, Capt., H.L.I. 

b., Dundee, '64. Married. Res., Lynton Rd., Croydon. Enl., 
in Black Watch, '80 ; served in Egypt, '80-82 ; N.W. Frontier, 
etc., '84-00. Commis. as Lt. & Q.M., '00. Ret. to England 
on res. of officers, 12 Dec, '06. Commander, Croydon recruiting 
sub-area, '14-17. D., of internal heemorrhage, 18 Dec, '17. 

Barrie, William Andrew, Pte., Lond. Scottish (14 Lond. Regt.) 

b., 8 Jan., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Andrew Barrie, Purley Knoll, 
Purley. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '06-13. Fell, 6 Sept., '16. 

Barrow, George, Cpl., Glo'ster Regt. 

b., 20 Jun., '80. Married. Res., T. Heath. Enl., 30 Apr., '17. 
Fell, nr. St. Quentin, 23 Mar., '18. 

Barry, George, 3143, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Res., 25 Strathmore Rd., Croydon. Enl., 27 Oct., '14 ; served 
in France. D., Netley Hosp. while undergoing operation, Aug., 
'17. Buried, Queen's Rd. Cem., Croydon. 

Bartlett, George Richardson, Despatch Rider, R.E. 

b., Lond.. 6 Mar., '00 (?) ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Bartlett, 9 Lin- 
coln Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Enfield G. Sch. Single. Marine in- 
surance clerk in connection with Lloyd's. Enl., 2 Apr., '15 ; to., 
Ypres, Sept., '17 ; ret. to France, Jan., '17. Fell, France, Nov.,'i8, 

Bartlett, H. J., 4390, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Res., 2 Haslemere Rd., T. Heath. Fell, 14 Jul., '16. 

Bartlett, William Stanley, L/Cpl. 1/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Harvey Rd., Camberwell, 2 Nov., '89 ; s., James William & 
Emily Bartlett, 21 Southwell Rd., Croydon. Educ., Boston 
Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Wood machinist. Enl., in Terr.. 
8 years before war ; mobilised, 5 Aug., '14 ; went to India, 
Oct., '14 ; served at Persian Gulf, Baghdad, Kut-el-Amara ; 
TV., Ctesiphon, 21 Dec, '15 ; taken pris. at Kut. D. at Entilli, 
Turkey, as a result of his wounds, ill-treatment, and starvation, 
Sept., 'i6. 

Barton, W. S., Gnr., R.F.A. 

s., late Simon, & Mrs. Barton, Wisbeach Rd., Croydon. 
Married ; 3 children. Res., 48 Zion Rd., T. Heath. Enl., Jul., 
'15 ; served in Salonica and France. D. of gas poisoning, 
France, '17. 



256 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Base, Samuel Davis, Rflmn., K.R.R.C. 

b., II Sept., '82; s., Mr. & Mrs Edward William Base, 24 

Birdhurst Rd., Croydon. Educ., Whitgift G. Sch., '94-98, 

Fell, '16 (?). 
Bashford, a., Sgt., H.L.I. 

Married. Res., Croydon. W., 13 Nov., '14. Fell, France, 

4 Sept., '15. 
Bashford, D., 8459, Pte., E. Sur, Regt. 

b., Croydon, 29 Sept., -. Educ, Dunstan Rd., Hammersmith. 

Married. Decorator. Res., 123 Harrington Rd., S. Norwood. 

Enl., Jan., '15. D. of fever, Salonica, 25 Jul., '16. 
Bassett, Geoffrey E., Lt., R.A.S.C. (attd. Ox. & Bucks. L.I.). 

b., '94 ; e.s., John Dollin & Edith Bassett, " Littledene," 

S. Croydon. Fell, 21 Mar., '18. 
Batchelar, Robert Thomas, 2/Lt., 7 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '86 ; e.s., late Thomas G., & Mrs. Batchelar, Chatsworth Rd., 

Croydon. Fell, 23 Mar., '18. 
Batchelor, Thomas, Pte., i R.W.S. Regt, 

Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Empl. by Messrs. Packham, 

Croydon. Res., 77 Priory Rd., Croydon. Enl., 6 Aug., '14, 

Fell, 21 Sept., '18. , 

B axeman, Edward Charles, L/Cpl., Essex Regt. 

b., 2 Mar., '97 ; s., Jacob & Emily Bateman, 21 Charnwood 

Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath, and 

Stanley Tech. Sch., S. Norwood Single. Stockbrokers' clerk. 

Enl., 13 Apr., '16. Fell, France, 13 Nov., '16. 
Bateman, J., 5789, Pte., R. Berks. Regt. 

Res., T. Heath. Fell, '16. 
Bateman, Jack, Pte., R. Fus. 

b., '89 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Bateman, 2 Bridge Place, Croydon. 

Greengrocer. Fell, 23 Aug., '18 
Bateman, S. Jacob, 2219, L/Cpl., 3 R. Fus. 

Empl. by Messrs. Carter, Paterson. Z)., Etaples, 10 Oct., '15, 

of wounds reed, at Loos, 28 Sept., '15. 
Bateson, Frederick Charles. 

b., '90. Fell, France, 21 Aug., '17. 
Batson, Henry Thomas, 2/Lt., R.W.S. Regt. (attd. R.F.C.) 

b., '89 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. T. Batson, 32 Broadway Av., Croydon. 

Empl. by Croydon Board of Guardians and Paddington Board of 

Guardians. Enl. in H.A.C., Nov., '15 ; commis., Feb., '17 ; 

w., Beaumont Hamel, Jun., '16. Fell, 11 Sept., '17. 
Batt, p., 10156, Pte., R. Fus. 

Res., U. Norwood. Fell, '17, 
Bayes, a. v., Rflmn. 

Married. Empl. by Messrs. C. Brown & Co., Waddon. Res., 

Neville Rd., Croydon. D., 26 Sept., '16, of wounds reed. 15 

Sept., '16. 
B.iYLiss, Arthur Wentvi^orth, L/Cpl., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., E. Dulwich, 20 Jul., '93 ; s., Edward Swayn & Sophie Alice 

Bayliss, Pollards Hill E.,S.W. £'^z/c., M. Whitgift Sch. Single. 

Bank clerk. Eid., 5 Aug., '14. D., 2 Northern Mil. Hosp., 

Leeds, 16 Nov., '16, of wounds reed. Ypres, 28 Jan., '16. 
Beadell, H., 21868, Pte., R.W.S, Regt. 

Res., Addis. Fell, '17. 
Beadle, Edward John, L/Cpl., S.W.B. 

b., Banstead, 22 Oct., '84 ; s., Edward Henry & Laura Sarah 

Beadle. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Married. Store- 
keeper. Res., 28 Bourne St., Croydon. Enl. in R.V/. Fus.j 

17 Nov., '15. Fell, Monchy, 23 Apr., '17. (Plate HL, 4). 



III. 



4 


9 


1 


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A 


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Pte. C. Ardee, 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

Rflmn. J. R. Adams, Queen's Westm. Rif. (16 Lond. Regt.) 

Cpl. A. G. Greenhead, i Duke of Cornwall's L.I. 

L/Cpl. E. J. Beadle, S.Wales Borderers. 

Pte. H. T. C. Barkham, H.A.C. 

2/Lt. R. N. Balding, Beds. Regt. (attd. Machine Gun Corps) 



IV. 









1. Rflmn. F. J. BoxALL, Lond. Rif. B. 

2. Pte, H. W. Blundell, ii R.W.S. Regt. 

3. L/Cpl. W. G. Bradley, i Oxf. & Bucks. L.I. 

4. Lt. T. R. BoTTOMLEY, 1 E. Yorks. Regt. 

5. 2/Lt. B. BoNCKER, E. Yorks. Regt. 

6. Pte. K. F. Baber,':2/4^R.W.S. Regt. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 257 

Beagley, a. E., L/Cpl., Lond. Regt. 

b., '94. Married. Res., 31 Southbridge Rd., Croydon. Enl. 
in R.W.S. Regt., May, '15. Fell, Cambrai, 30 Nov., '17. 

Beagley, Frank, Pte., Lond. Regt, 

b., '91 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Beagley, 2 Lancing Rd., Croydon. 
Educ, Boston Rd. Sch., Croydon. Fell, High Wood, Somme, 
Sept., '16. 

Beale, G. H., 19832, Pte., R. Suss. Regt. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Beall, Alfred, 235048, Pte., Middlesex Regt. 

b., '98 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Alfred E. Beall, 32 Pitlake, Croydon. 
Enl., Mar., '17. Fell, France, 3 Aug., '17. 

Beard, Frederick Gerald Vesey, Lt., Worcester Regt. 

b., 17 Dec, '89 ; s.. Dr. & Mrs. F. Beard, " The Crossways," 
S.Croydon. Educ, Epsom Coll., and Trinity Coll., Dublin (B.A.) 
Single. Schoolmaster. Commis., 17 Sept., '14 ; served in 
Gallipoli, Egypt, France. Fell, Beaumont Hamel, 4 Jul., '16. 

Bearman, Cecil LAvntENCE, 2/Lt., R.W.S. Regt. 

&.. '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. C. E. Bearman, 228 Melfort Rd., T. Heath. 
Educ, Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon. Enl., in 16 Middlesex Regt. 
(Publ. Sch. Btn.), '15 ; zo., Oct., '17 ; commis., 30 Apr., '17. 
Fell, France, 23 Aug., '17. 

Beart, Thomas Fitt, Pte., C Squadron, 6 Mounted Bde., S.A.Forces. 
b., Croydon, 7 Feb., '80 ; s., Henry John & Susan Beart, 26 St. 
Peter's Rd., Croydon. Educ., M. Whitgift Sch. Married. 
Stud groom. Res., Bloemfontein, since '98. Enl., '15 ; served 
in German S.W. Africa ; discharged owing to ill health, '16. 
D. of kidney disease at Bloemfontein, Jul., '16. 

Beauchamp, Arthur William, 326, Pte., 10 R. Fus. 

b; '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. R. Beauchamp, 23 Richmond Rd., 
T. Heath. Res., 231 Melfort Rd., T. Heath. Fell, Pozieres, 
15 Jul., '16. 

Beaumont, Sidney, 2/Lt., E. Lanes. Regt. 

b., '79. Married. Headmaster, Oval Rd. Sch., Croydon ; formerly 
Hon. Secty., Croydon Liberal Assoc. Enl., in R. Suss. Regt., 
May, '16. M.C. D., of wounds, France, 28 Mar., '18. 

Bechley, Eric White, 2/Lt., D.L.L 

b., Waddon, 19 Dec, '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. K. M. Bechley, 12 Clif- 
ford St., Glasgow. Educ, Commercial Travellers Schs., Pinner. 
Single. Engineer. Res., 79 Nova Rd., Croydon. Enl. as pte., 
Aug., '14. D., 9 Jun., '18, at 4 Can. Gen. Hosp., of wounds 
reed. nr. Pernes, 4 Jun., '18. 

Beck, E. R., Sgt. 

b., '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Beck, 22 Birchanger Rd., S. Norwood. 
D., 9 Sept., '18, at Le Trdport, of wounds reed. 28 Aug., '18. 

Beckett, H. G., 1127, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Fell, '16. 
Beckford, C, 14365, Rflmn., K.R.R.C. 

Res., S. Norwood. D., of wounds, '16. 
Bedford, William Edwin Henry, Pte., R. Suss. Regt. 

b., Chelsea, 24 Dec, '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. W. J. Bedford, 139 

Moffatt Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Beulah Rd. Sch., T. Heath. 

Single. Plumbers' mate. Enl., 18 Jan., '18. D., France, 10 

Aug., '18, of wounds reed. 8 Aug., '18. 



258 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Beeby, William Sinclair, L/Cpl., 6 Middlesex Regt. 

b., Sanderstead, 21 Apr., '85 ; s., W. & E. Beeby, 31 Pemdevon 
Rd., Croydon. JS'^mc, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Married. Fish- 
monger. Res., 88 Lakehall Rd., T. Heath. Enl., Jun., '16. 
Drowned, whilst on way to Palestine, through transport being 
torpedoed, 30 Dec, '17. 

Beenham, William Ernest, Pte., Middlesex Regt. 

b., IS Bolton Gardens, Lond., W., 23 Aug., '86 ; s., Charles & 
Elizabeth Beenham, 47 Grasmere Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, 
St. Mark's Coll., Chelsea. Married. Solicitor's clerk. Res., 
46 Grasmere Rd., S. Norwood. Enl., Sept., '14. Fell, Somme, 
21 Jul., '16. 

Beer, Walter G.. M/41 12408, Pte., R.A.S.C. 

h., Croydon, 22 Aug., '76 ; e.s., Alfred George & Martha Ann 
Beer, 4 Latimer Rd., Croydon, ^c/uc, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. 
Married. Carpet planner. Res., 191 Whitehorse Rd., Croydon. 
Enl., 10 Jul., '15. Fell, Salonica, 12 Nov., '16. 

Behm, Ernest Emil John Alfred, Chief P.O., R.N. 

b., II Apr., '87 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Ernest John Behm, Selbourne 
Cott., Sanderstead. Educ, Whitgift. G. Sch. Enl., in R.N.V.R. 
before war. Fell, on H.M.S. " Queen Mary," during Battle of 
Jutland, 31 May, '16, 

Belchamber, Eric Harold, Pte., R. Fus. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. H. C. Belchamber, Lond. County & Westminster 
Bank House, Addis. Fell, 22 Mar., '18. 

Belcher, Albert, Pte. 

Fell, France, Oct., '16. 

Belcher, Bertram Thomas, 6888, Pte., K.O.Y.L.L 

b.. Stoke Newington, 19 Jul., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Belcher, 24 
Spring Lane, Woodside. Educ, Woodside Sch., S. Norwood. 
Single. Ironmonger's asst. Enl., in R.W.S. Regt., 24 Aug., 
'14 ; twice w. Fell, nr. Arras, 10 Apr., '17. Buried, Boyelles. 

Bell, Andrew, Ordinary Seaman, Merchant Service. 

b., Newcastle, 19 Aug., '99 ; y.s., John Joseph & Elizabeth Bell, 
18 Brocklesby Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Jesmond, and Portland 
Rd. Sch., S. Norwood. Single. Entered Mercantile Marine, 
Feb., '15. Drowned on S.S. " Cairnstrath," torpedoed in Bay 
of Biscay, 4 Aug., '17. 

Bell, Henry, 2/Lt., 8 Yorks. Regt. 

b., Newcastle, 27 Nov., '92 ; s., John Joseph & Elizabeth Bell, 
18 Brocklesby Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Jesmond. Single. 
Clerk. Enl., Jun., '10 ; served in France, Oct., '14-16 ; per- 
manent commis., 20 Jun., '16 ; 10., France, Jul., '16. D. at 
Rouen, 17 Oct., '17, of wounds reed, at Inverness Copse, Ypres, 
20 Sept., '17. Buried, St. Denis Cem., Rouen. 

Bell, John Joseph, Sgt., 13 Cheshire Regt. 

b., Newcastle-on-Tyne, 30 Apr., '89 ; e.s., John Joseph & Eliza- 
beth Bell, 18 Brocklesby Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Newcastle. 
Married, '15 ; i daughter. Served as 2nd mate in Mercantile 
Marine for 10 years. Enl., early in '15. D.C.M., 4 Oct., '15, 
bestowed on his widow by Mayor of Wallasey, Feb., '17. Fell, 
France, 6 Jul., '16. 

Bell, William, A.B. Seaman, R.N. 

b., Newcastle, 31 May, '98 ; s., John Joseph & Elizabeth Bell, 
18 Brocklesby Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Jesmond. Single. 
Hotel servant. Enl., Apr., '15. Lost, on H.M.S. " Indefatig- 
able," sunk in Battle of Jutland, 31 May, 'i6. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 259 

Bell, Henry, Pte., Middlesex Regt. 

b., 15 Feb., '96. Educ, Princess Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married. 
Carman. Res., 13 Union Rd., Croydon. Enl., 8 Jun., '15. 
Fell, France, z Mar., '17. 

Bell, William Ernest Colyer, Pte., 11 E. Yorks. Regt. 

b., W. Croydon, 21 Feb., '95. Educ, Christ Ch. Schs., Croydon. 
Single. Model aeroplane maker. Res., 99 Tamworth Rd., 
Croydon. Enl., 6 Aug., '15. Fell, Arras, 5 May, '17. 

Bellamy, George Warrington, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Bellamy, 11 Flamilton Rd., T. Heath. 
Enl., 5 Sept., '14 ; zv., 26 Sept., '15. Fell, 1 Jul., 'i6. 

Benger, Alfred Horace, Maj., Leicester Regt. 

b., '78 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Alfred Benger, 10 Park Hill Rise, Croy- 
don. Fell, '17. 

Benham, Alfred Gordon, 23 Lond. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 30 Jan., '98 ; s., James Henry & Charlotte Amelia 
Benham, 46 Sundridge Rd., Addis. Educ, Boro. Sec. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Clerk, L.B. & S.C.R. Enl., 7 Sept., '14. 
Fell, Somme, 16 Sept., '16. 

Benham, Herbert Louis, Gnr., R.G.A. 

e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Herbert Benham, 8 Waldegrave Rd., U. Norwood. 
Drowned, 17 Jun., '18. 

Bennefield, Albert, Pte., M.G.C. 

b., 3 Mayo Rd., Croydon, 30 Sept., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. 
Bennefield, 14 Northbrook Rd., Croydon. Educ, Princess Rd. 
Sch., Croydon. Single. Empl. at poultry farm. Enl., 3 Oct.. 
'14. Fell, France, 29 Aug., '16. 

Bennett, H., 35212, Pte., R. Fus. 
Res.. T. Heath. Fell, '16. 

Bennett, L. E., 2/Lt., R.W.S. Regt. 
Fell, '16. 

Bennett, S. F., 4542, Pte., Lond. Regt. 
Fell, '16 

Bentha.m, Thomas, Lt., R.A.M.C. 

b., Croydon, '85 ; s.. Rev. Thomas & Maud Bentham, " St. Mil- 
dred's," Addis. Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., & Queen's 
Coll., Oxford. Single. Lecturer on zoology, Armstrong Coll., 
Newcastle-on-Tyne. Joined R.A.M.C. as Lt., in '17, being 
employed as Protozoologist & Bacteriologist ; 2 yrs.at Mil.Hosp., 
Malta ; in 1919 he was appointed to Addington Mil. Hosp., but 
died before he could take up his work there. Mentioned in 
despatches for valuable services in the diagnosis of dysentery. 
£)., of pneumonia, at " St. Mildred's," Addis. Rd., Croydon, 
12 Mar., '19. 

Bentley. a. G., Gnr., R.G.A. 

b., '85 : s., Mr. & Mrs. W. Bentley, 48 Eridge Rd., T. Heath. 
Married. Res., i Portland Cott., Beddington. Enl., 17 May, 
'17. Fell, 26 Sept., '17. 

Bentley, Frederick Arthur, Pte., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 7 Mar., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Eliza Bentley, 296 Brigh- 
ton Rd., Croydon. Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Clerk. Enl., Nov., '14. Fell, Jerusalem, Dec, '17. 
Buried, N.E. slope of Mt. of Olives, 

Benton, Frank, 2/Lt., K.R.R.C. 

b., Aveley, Essex, 30 Mar., '81 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. John Benton, 
Birdhurst Gardens, Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch, '93-97. 
Single. Insurance broker. Played Rugby football for Essex & 
Surrey. Enl., in R. Fus., '15 ; commis., Jun., '16. Fell., Flers, 
Somme, Sept., '16. 



26o THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Berg, Leslie Cyril von, Pte., Can. Inf. 

b., '90 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Clement von Berg, St. Augustine's Av.j 
Croydon. Fell, 27 Sept., '18. 

Berry, Algernon Laurence, 2/Lt., 14 (attd. 8) R. Fus. 

b., 15 Abbey Gardens, St. John's Wood, N.W., 17 Dec, '79; 
s., late Henry Berry, & Caroline Elizabeth Berry, " Rutherford,'' 
Pampisford Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. & private 
sch. at Cambridge. Married. Land & estate agent. Res., 
28 Herondale Av., Wandsworth Common, S.W. Enl., as pte., 
Aug. or Sept., '14. Fell, Ovillers, 7 Jul., '16. (Plate VI., i). 

Berry, Leonard Hugh, Pte., 13 Essex Regt. 

b., Ilford, 20 Dec, '79 ; s., Theophilus & Rosetta Berry, Wimble- 
don. £'<fMc., St. Mark's Coll., Fulham. Married. Accountant 
(A.L.A.A.). Res , 38 Nutfield Rd., T. Heath. Enl, 22 Sept., 
'16. Fell, nr. Cambrai, 3 Feb., '18. 

Berry, Percy Hamilton, Pte., Artists Rif. (28 Lond. Regt.) 

b., 9 Feb., '98 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. B. Alfred Berry, Croham Park 
Av., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '07-13. D. of fever, 
at St. Omer, 30 Apr., '15. 

Bevan, Ernest Victor, Pte., Aust. I.F. 

b., 18 Dec, '91 ; s., Mr & Mrs. H. Bevan, Teddington. Educ, 
High Sch., Croydon. Single. Farmer. Res., Melbourne, 
Australia. Enl., Sept., '14. Fell, Gallipoli, 8 May, '15. 

Bevan, Gordon Frederick, Pte. 

b., Stanwell, Middlesex, 3 Aug., '88 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. H. Bevan, 
Teddington. Educ., High Sch., Croydon. Horticulturist. Res., 
Seattle, U.S. Enl., Sept., '14. Fell, 16 Mar., '15. Buried, 
Abbaye des Chartreux, La Boutillerie, Flanders. 

Beven, George, Pte., Dorset Regt. 
Fell, 3 Oct., '18. 

Bickerstaff, W. E., 99922, R.E. 
Fell, '16. 

BiCKMORE, Arthur, Pte., 1/23 Lond. Regt. 

b., '87 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. W. Bickmore, 5 Clarence Rd., Croydon. 
Fell, Givenchy, 26 May, '15. 

Bigg, G. A., 168937, Gnr., R.F.A. 

Res., Croydon. Z)., of wounds, '17, 

Bignell, Ernest Victor, Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. Bignell. Educ, Oval Rd. 
Sch., Croydon. Married. Gardener. Res., 1 St. John's Rd., 
Croydon. Served in Gallipoli, Palestine, France, & Army of 
Occ, Germany. £)., at Crescent Hosp., Croydon, 18 Feb., '19. 
Buried, Queen's Rd. Cem., Croydon. 

Bignell, William, L/Cpl., Lond. Regt. 

b., '97; e.j., David Bignell, hon. superintendent, Croydon Vacant 
Lands Cultivation Soc, & Mrs. Bignell. Enl, in R.W.S. Regt., 
Aug., '14 ; discharged owing to ill-health, 26 Mar., '15 ; re- 
enlisted in Lond, Regt. ; w., Sept., '15 and Jun., '16. Fell, 
22 Aug., '18. 

BiLTON, A. E., 25269, Rflmn., R.B. 

iR.es., T. Heath. D., of wounds, Jul., '17. 

BiNNS, John Eric, 2/Lt., Wilts. Regt. 

b., Horwich, Lanes., 7 Jan., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. John D. Binns, 
18 Morland Rd., Croydon. Educ, Bedford G. Sch. Single. 
Student at Inst, of Civil Engineers. Enl., 2 Sept., '14; commis., 
Jun., '15. Fell, Sanna-i-Yat, Mesopotamia, 9 Apr,, '16, (Plate 
VIII., 3). 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 261 

BiNSTEAD, Charles Henry, A.B. Seaman, Torpedoman, R.N, 

b., Croydon, 23 Aug., '77 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. C. Binstead, Parson's 
Mead, Croydon. Educ, Brit. Sch., Croydon. Married. 
Decorator. Fell, on H.M.S. " Barham," Battle of Jutland, 31 
May, '16. 

Birmingham, Edward Brice, Pte., 7 R.W.S. Regt 

b., '90. Married. Res., 27 St. John's Grove, Croydon. D., of 
wounds, 2 Jul., '16. 

Bishop, F. J., 293404, Gnr., R.G.A. 
Fell, '17. 

Blackie, Charles Douglas, Pte., R. Fus. 

b., '89 ; J., Mr. & Mrs. W. M. Blackie, 5 St. George's Court, 
S. Kensington, formerly of 10 Beech House Rd., Croydon. 
Fell, Somme, 15 Sept., '16; buried, Les Boeufs. 

Blackman, George Dullam, Sgt., i Sur. Rif. (21 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Beverley, Yorks., 9 Jul., '83 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Blackman, 
Greenside Rd., Croydon. Educ, Harlesden Coll., Harlesden. 
Married. Authorized clerk, Stock Exc. Res., Wallington. 
Enl., 4 Aug., '14. Fell, Vimy Ridge, 23 May, '16. 

Blackman, George Herbert, Pte., Aust. Inf. 

b., 41 Sussex Rd., Croydon, 22 Aug., '95 ; s., Albert & Elizabeth 
Blackman, 41 Sussex Rd., Croydon. Educ., Brighton Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Gardener. Res., Batlow, Australia. Enl., 
II Aug., '15. Fell, nr. Moquet Farm, France, 17 Aug., '16. 

Blackman, Wilfred Ernest Arthur, Capt., M.G.C. 

b., S. Bermondsey, 21 Mar., '93 ; s., Henry C. & Amy Blackman, 
21 Apsley Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Portland Rd. Sch., S. 
Norwood, Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon, and King's Coll., Lond. 
Single. Schoolmaster. Enl. in Lond. Scottish, Sept., '14 ; w.. 
Loos, 25 Sept., '15 ; commis., '16 ; ment. in despatches. 
Z).from pneumonia, Royal Herbert Hosp., Woolwich, 14 Oct., '18. 

Blake, Charles, Pte., 2 Middlesex Regt. 

b., Chadwell Heath, Essex, 25 Dec, '82 ; s., Daniel & Martha 
Blake, 13 Lambeth Rd., Croydon. Educ, Christ Ch. Sch., 
Croydon. Married. Grocer's asst. Res., 41 Richmond 
Gardens, Shepherd's Bush. Enl., Sept., '15. Fell, France, 
I Jul., '16. 

Blake, John Jacob, Pte., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. W. A. Blake, 44 Johnson Rd., Croydon. 
Enl., 19 Jul., '15 ; served in Egypt and France. Fell, 29 Jul., '18. 

Blake, Roydon George, Pte., M.G.C. 

b., Croydon, 15 Jul., '97 ; s., James William & Emily Edith Blake, 
24 Alpha Rd., Croydon. Educ, Oval Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Machinist. Enl., in R.W.S. Regt., May, '15. Fell, 
France, 28 Aug., '16. 
Bland, Leslie, 510019, Cpl., 5 Can.Div. Arty., Heavy Trench Mort.Bty. 
b., T. Heath, 31 Mar., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. James E. Bland, 39 
Beauchamp Rd., U. Norwood. Educ, Beulah Rd. Sch., T. Heath, 
& Stanley Tech. Sch., S. Norwood. Single. Mechanical 
engineer. Res., Lowell, Mass., U.S.A. E?il., Jul., '15. Fell, 
France, 28 Apr., '18. 
Bloomfield, Charles William, Wireless Operator. 

b., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Bloomfield, 31 Howley Rd., Croydon. 
Killed on mine-sweeper through its striking an enemy mine, 
18 Jan., '18. 
Bloomfield, Eric, Rflmn., Q.W. Rif. (16 Lond. Regt.) 

b., '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. F. G. Bloomfield, 48 Beulah Rd., T. Heath. 
Fell, 19 Sept., '16. 



262 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Blower, Frederick, L/Cpl., 8 E. Sur. Regt. 

y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Blower, 21 Haling Rd., Croydon. Married 
Fell, 23 Oct., '18. 

Blower, Joseph, Pte., Seaforth H. 

e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Blower, 21 Haling Rd., Croydon. Married. 
Empl. by Croydon Corp. Res., 36 Helder St,, Croydon. D., 
of wounds, 25 Sept., '18. 

Blundell, Charles A., Pte., 8 R.W. Kent Regt. 

b., 7 Feb., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Blundell, i Wood Cottages, Shirley. 
Enl., '14. Fell, Loos, 26 Sept., '15. 

Blundell, Herbert William, Pte., 11 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Northampton, 8 May, '97 ; s., Charles & Elizabeth Alice 
Blundell, 105 Pemdevon Rd., Croydon. Educ, Ecclesbourne 
Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Single. Control cleaner. E71I., 29 Nov., 
'15. Fell, Le Bizet, nr. Armentieres, 8 Jul., '16. .BtinVJ opposite 
Gunner's Farm. (Plate IV., 2). 

Boakes, William Edward, Pte., R. Fus. 

b., Birling, Kent, 23 Jun., '91. Educ, Goodrich Rd. Sch., E, 
Dulwich. Single. Salesman. Res., 64 Parchmore Rd., T. 
Heath. Enl., 13 Nov., '15. D., from cerebro-spinal meningitis, 
Dover, 6 Mar., '16. 

Boatwright, Herbert, 589 Lab. Coy. 

b., '90. Res., Shirley Church Rd., Croydon. Enl., in 4 R.W.S. 
Regt. Served in India, '14-16. D. of pneumonia, at Neville 
Park (V.A.D.) Hosp., Tunbridge Wells, 3 Nov., '18. 

Bodley, Eric Ernest, Pte., R. Fus. 

b., '98. Fell, France, 7 Oct., '16. 

BoGDEN, W. G., 1697, Pte., R. Fus. 
Res., U. Norwood. Fell, '17. 

BoGUE, Patrick Yule, 2/Lt., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., '96 ; 2.nd s., late Patrick Yule Bogue, of Dublin, & Mrs. 
Bogue, 29 Central Hill, U. Norwood. Fell, 24 Jul., '17. 

BoNCKER, Barry, 2/Lt., E. Yorks. Regt. 

b., 23 Farquhar Rd., U. Norwood, 26 Aug., '97 ; s., Fred. & 
Violet Boncker, 70 Auckland Rd., U. Norwood. Educ., Ardingly 
Coll., Hayward's Heath. Single. Clerk, Nat. Bank of S.Africa. 
Res., 12 Upper Grove, S. Norwood. E7zl., in 4 R.WiS. Regt., 
I Sept., '14. Fell, Fricourt, i Jul., '16. (Plate IV., 5). 

Bond, Albert George, Pte., 4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 2 Albion Mews, S. Norwood, 7 Jan., '98 ; s., Albert George 
& Amy Louisa Bond, 3 South Vale, U. Norwood. Educ, 
Rockmount Rd. Sch., U.Norwood. Single. Fishmonger's asst. 
Enl., 14 Aug., '14. Fell, Dardanelles, 9 Aug., '15. 

Bond, Charles Nesbitt, Lt. & Adjt., 1/4 Lincoln. Regt. 

b., Hull, 14 Jun., '97 ; s., late Francis, 8c Mrs. Bond, 26 Ashburton 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, Vv^hitgift G. Sch. Single. Empl. by 
Messrs. Edward Lloyd, Salisbury Court, E.C. Enl., in L.R.B., 
Aug., '13. Fell, Gommecourt, France, 30 Jun., '16. (Plate VI., 2). 

BoNEY, E., 18947, L/Cpl., Cameronians. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '16. 

BoNNELL, Henry, Pte., R.A.S.C. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Bonnell, 26 Apsley Rd., S. Norwood. D., of 
pneumonia, '18. 

Bonyun, Vernon, R F.C. 

Educ, High Sch., Croydon, and Lond. Univ. Fell, '18. 

Booth, Alfred Harold, Pte., Beds. Regt. 

b., '82 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. F. W. Booth, i8a Lr. Addis. Rd., Croy^ 
don. Married. D., of wounds reed. 12 May, '18. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 263 

Booth, T., R.N. 

Educ, Beulah Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Lost with H.M.S. " Good 
Hope," sunk ofF Coronel, Chili, i Nov., '14. 

BoRTHWicK, Donald Walker, 2/Lt.. R.W.S. Regt. (attd. M.G.C.) 

b., Blackford, Perthshire, 5 Nov., '98 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. John J. 
Borthwick,48 Chatsworth Rd., Croydon. Educ.,W\\\Xgih G. Sch. 
Single. Enl., as Trooper in Sur. Yeom., 19 Dec, '14 ; commis. 
Nov., '15. Fell, Lake Doiran, 28 Dec, '16. 

RoswoRTH, AxJBREY Cecil, Pte., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., U. Mitcham, '98 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. E. Bosvvorth, 19 Lucerne 
Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Beddington Ch. Sch. & Ecclesbourne Rd. 
Sch., T. Heath. Single. Empl. by Francis' Stores, Streatham. 
Enl., 9 Nov., '14. Fell, Suvla Bay, 9 Aug., '15. 

BoTTERiLL, S , Rflmn., L.R.B. 

Educ , Whitgift G. Sch., '02-11. Fell, '17. 

BoTTiNG, W. H., 12964, Pte., Coldstream Gds. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '16. 

BoTTOMLEY, Thomas Reginald, Lt., i E. Yorks. Regt. 

b., Rippenden, nr. Halifax, Yorks., 17 Oct., '87 ; s., Thomas & 
Ellen Bottomlev, 25 Norman Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Rishworth 
G. Sch., nr. Halifax, St. John's Coll., Battersea, and Birkbeck 
Coll., Lond. Univ. Married, 29 Aug., '14. Teacher, Oval Rd, 
Sch., Croydon, prev. to Apr., '14 ; graduated, Lond. Univ., 
'13 ; B.A. Joined Lond. Univ. O.T.C., Anr., '11 ; commis., Apr. 
'14. Fell, Chemin des Dames, Aisne, 23 Sept., '14. (Plate IV., 4). 

BouGHTON, Sydney Herbert, Pte., 17 R. Fus. 

b., 20 Gibson's Hill, U. Norwood, 16 Aug., '99 ; s., Thomas & 
Harriet Boughton. Educ, Rockmount Rd. Sch., U. Norwood. 
Single. Steward. Enl., 15 Sept., '17. Fell, nr. Arras, 6 Jun., '18. 

Bourke, Walter, 18840, Pte., Gren. Gds. 
Fell, '17. 

Bourne, Horace Duncombe, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

y.s., A. D. & M. Bourne, 10 Bedford PI., Bedford Park, Croydon. 
D., from heat stroke, Agra, India, 3 Aug., '18 

Bovi'ERS, Alan Richard, Gnr., R.G.A. 

b., 62 Wandle Rd., Croydon, 9 Nov., '95 ; s., Robert & Elizabeth 
Bowers, Pumping Stn., Manor Farm Rd., Norbury. Educ, 
Winterbourne Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Single. Apprenticed to 
organ-building trade. Enl., May, '15 ; w., '16; taken pris. , 
27 May, '18 ; last heard of 18 Aug., '18. Presumed fallen. 

Boxall, Frederick James, Rflmn., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Brassey Sq., Lavender Hill, 25 Feb., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 
James Boxall, 27 Maplethorpe Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Eccles- 
bourne Rd., & Winterbourne Rd. Schs., T. Heath. Single. 
Junior asst., Croydon Publ. Libraries, '13-15 ; asst., Sion Coll. 
Library, '15. Fell, France, 7 Nov., '18. (Plate IV., i). 

Boyce, Alfred John, ist Class Boy, R.N. 

b., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Boyce, 17 Lahore Rd., Croydon. Educ, 
Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Lost with H.M.S. " Indefatig- 
able," sunk in Battle of Jutland, 31 May, '16. 

Boyd, A., 7684, Cpl., K.R.R.C. 
Fell, '16. 

BoYKETT, Robert Evel"\'N, 5290, Rflmn., Q.W. Rif. (16 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Crovdon, 6 Jan., '74 ; s., late Mr. & Mrs. Francis Boykett, 
Park Hill Rd., Croydon. Educ, Brighton, & Whitgift G. Sch., 
'87-91. £■»/., in RE., Dec, '15. Fe//, France, 18 Oct., '16. 

Brabner, H. S., Midshipman, R.N. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Lost on the Transport " Don Arturo," 
torpedoed in Bay of Biscay, '17. 



264 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Braddon, Otto James, Rflmn., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Montana, Coolgardie, W. Australia, 4 Oct., '99 ; s., Frank 
W. & Edith H. Braddon, 6 Tylecroft Rd., Norbury. Educ, 
Winterbourne Rd, Sch., T. Heath, & Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon ; 
matriculated, Lond. Univ., Jun., '16. Empl. by Messrs. Annan, 
Dexter and Co., chartered accountants. Enl., 4 Oct., '17. 
Fell, 8 Aug., '18. 

Bradford, J., 26508, Pte., K.O.R.L. Regt. 
Fell, '17. 

Bradford, William Thomas, Pte., 12 Middlesex Regt. 

b., Bermondsey, S.E., 4 Aug., '86 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. John S. 
Bradford, 71 Tunstall Rd., Addis. Educ, Birchanger Rd. Sch., 
S. Norwood. Single. Railway clerk. Enl., 4 May, '16. 
Missing, Bullecourt, 3 May, '17. 

Bradley, Ernest, Pte., 3 R. Fus. 

Educ, Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. Empl. by Messrs. Ham- 
mond & Hussey, High St., Croydon. Fell, nr. Zonnebeke, '15. 

Bradley, Frederick Charles Sidney, 1237, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 6 Nov., '85 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. C. W. Bradley, 86 Gloucester 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, St. James' Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Slater. Enl., 3 Sept., '14, Fell, Somme, i Jul., '16. 

Bradley, William George, L/Cpl., i Ox. & Bucks. L.I. 

b., 27 Aug., '87 ; znds,, Mr. & Mrs. C. W. Bradley, 86 Gloucester 
Rd., Croydon, i'iiz/c., St. James' Sch., Croydon. Single. Enl., 
14 Feb., '07 ; served in India, Persian Gulf, and retreat from 
Baghdad to Kut. D., of malarial fever, 7 Oct., '16, while pris. of 
war with Turks in Asia Minor. (Plate IV., 3). 

Bradman, Walter Robert, Pte., 17 R. Fus. 

b., Stockwell, 13 Mar., '95. Educ, Adys Rd. Sch., E. Dulwich. 
Single. Clerk. Res., 41 Ferndale Rd., S. Norwood. £«/., 
10 Sept., '14. Fell, Delville Wood, Somme, 27 Jul., '16, 

Bradshaw, Alfred, Pte. 
Fell, 26 Aug., '15. 

Bradshaw, W., Sgt.-Bugler, E. Sur. Regt. 

b., '71 . Married ; 9 children. Served in France ; invalided 
home with shell shock. D., at 49 Macclesfield Rd., S. Norwood, 
16 Nov., '17, of consumption contracted on active service. 

Bragg, Eric Wensley, Lt., R.A.F. 

b., Manchester, '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. H. Bragg, 64 Auckland Rd., 
U. Norwood. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., where he won House Cup 
in Sen. Sch., and got his colours for Rugby Football. Left sch. 
to enl. in 3 Lond. Scottish, Dec, '14 ; cpl. ; commis. in 10 Essex 
Regt. ; transf. as Lt. to M.G.C. ; twice w. ; invalided out 
of Army as result of wounds ; re-joined in R.A.F. Killed, 
Oct., '18, at E. Fortune Airship Stn., Edinburgh, crashing while 
setting out on bombing raid over German Fleet. 

Braithwaite, Michael Lloyd, Lt., R.F.C. 

Res., Croydon, D., France, '15, of injuries reed, in an accident 
while landing. 

Braithwaite, Richard Wilfred, Capt., 10 D.L.I. 

Educ, Marlborough, Married. Member of Lond. Stock Exc. 
Served in S.A. War. Commis., '14. Fell, 31 Jul., '15. 
Brammer, H. B., Pte., 4 Middlesex Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Brammer, 80 Morland Rd., Croydon. Fell, 
Monchy, 10 Apr., '17, 
Branch, Robert Douglas, P.O., R.N, 

b., '93 ; e.s., Mr, & Mrs, Branch, Merstham, Educ, Par. Ch, 
Sch,. Croydon. Fell, 19 Jan., '17. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 265 

Brand, H, J., Pte., Coldstream Gds. 

b., '90. Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Res , 54 Milton 
Rd., Croydon. Fell, '16. 

Brand, L. N., 632836, Lond. Regt. 
Res., S. Norwood, Fell, '17. 

Brandy, Ernest H., 13 14, Sgt., Lond. Regt. 

Married. Res., S. Norwood. Fell, Flers, France, 15 Sept., '16. 

Bray, L/Cpl. 

Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Res., Lucerne Rd., T. 
Heath. Fell, 16 Sept., '16. 

Bray, Ernest A., Pte., K.O.S.B. 

b., Croydon, ii Apr., '78. Married. Res., 4 Oakwood Rd., Croy- 
don. Enl.,'14. Z)., Hawick Mil. Hosp., Scotland, 28 Oct., '18. 

Bray, Herbert A., 201135, Pte., Cameron H. 

b,, '83. Married ; i child. Insurance agent. Res., 55 St. 
Saviour's Rd., Croydon. Enl., 18 May, '16 ; w., Apr., '17. 
Fell, 28 Jul., '17. 

Bray, J., 57305, Northd. Fus. 

Res., W. Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Brazier, George, Pte., 20 Can. Inf. 

b., Croydon, 5 May, '83 ; s., John & Emma Brazier. Educ, 
Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Labourer. Res., 
Toronto, Canada. Efil., 10 Jan., '15. D , of wounds, 
17 C.C.S., France, 27 Apr., '16. 

Bressey, Sydney Herbert, 2/Lt., R.E. 

b., I Reynold's Rd., Peckham, 13 Jan., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Bressey, 
48 Kynaston Rd., T. Heath. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Single. 
2nd Class clerk, H.M. India Office. Enl., in Civil Service Rif., 
Nov., '12 ; mobilised, 5 Aug., '14 ; w., Vimy, 22 May, '16 ; 
commis. in R.E., 25 May, '18. M.M. awarded 31 May, '16, for 
repairing telephone wires under heavy fire, and bestowed at 
Winchester, May, '17. Fell, Templeux le Guerard, 10 miles E. 
of Peronne, 21 Sept., '18. (Plate XL, 2). 

Brett, E. H. W., 2/Lt., D.C.L.I. 
Fell, 2 Aug., '16. 

Brett, J. H., 43418, Pte., Dev. Regt. 

Res., Croydon. D., of wounds, '17. 

Brian, Herbert Cecil, Act.-Cpl., 8 R.B. 

b., Penge, 16 Jan., '16 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Eugene Owen Brian, 
Educ, Brit. Sch., Croydon. Single. Clerk. Res., 16 Cairo Rd., 
Croydon. Enl., 31 Aug., '14. Fell, Hooge, Ypres, 30 Jul., '15. 

Brian, R., 42063, Pte., M,G.C. 

Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '17. 

Brice, C, 24018, Gnr., R.G.A. 

Res., S. Croydon. D., of wounds, '17, 

Bridges, Alfred Edward, Sgt., R.F.A. 

b., Harvey Rd., Camberwell, 12 Dec, '88 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Bridges, 
38, Daneville Rd., Camberwell. Educ, George St., Camberwell. 
Married, Monotype operator. Res., 70 Tylecroft Rd., Norbury. 
Enl., 24 Sept., '14. Fell, nr. Arras, 17 Jul., '16. (Plate II., 4). 

Bridges, Henry Arthur, Pte., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Ratcliff, 6 May, '85 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Bridges, 34 Ferndale Rd., 
S. Norwood. Educ, Woodside Sch., Croydon. Single. Win- 
dow cleaner. Enl., 16 Jun., '15 ; served in Gallipoli and Egypt. 
Fell, nr. Longpont, France, 26 Jul., '18. (Plate IX., 2). 



266 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Bridgland, John William, 17398, Pte., 8 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Brockley, 13 Oct., '94 ; y.s., Francis A. & Martha Bridgland 

3 Sangley Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, by Mr. Everest,"Valentia 

House," S. Norwood, and at Clark's Coll., Croydon. Single, 

Clerk, Port of Lond. Enl., Feb., '16. Missing, nr. Cherisey, 

S.E. of Arras since 3 May, '17. 
Bridle, Walter, 203432, Pte., Duke of Wellington's (W. Riding) Regt, 

Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Res., 35 Lambeth Rd., 

Croydon. Fell, 9 Oct., '17. 
Bristow, John, Pte., 2 R.W.S. Regt, 

b., '95. Res., St. James' Rd., Croydon. £)., of wounds reed, 

at Ypres, 29 Oct., '15. 
Bristow, Walter Edwin, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Res., 250 Bensham Lane, T. Heath. Enl., Oct., '15, Fell^ 

Jerusalem, 21 Dec, '17. (Plate VL, 4). 
Brittain, Frank Morris, Brit. Red Cross. 

b., '72. Res., Croydon. D., of cholera, '16. 
Britton, Edward W., 2/Lt., D.L.L 
Broadhurst, a. v., 17744, Pte., R. Fus. 

Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '16. 
Brock, E. G., Lt., King's L'pool. Regt. 
Brock, Frank A., Act.-Wing Comdr., R.N.A.S. 

e.s., Mr. & Mrs. A. Brock, Cheam. Educ., Dulwich Coll. Res., 

formerly at Selhurst Rd., S. Norwood. Enl., in R.H.A. ; transf. 

to R.N.A.S. ; worked for some time with Inventions Board. 

O.B.E., Jan., '18. Fell, Zeebrugge Mole, 22 Apr., '18. 
Brockett, Henry Charles, Cpl., 1/23 Lond. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 12 Jun., '83 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Charles Brockett, 

134 Windmill Rd., Croydon. Educ., Princess Rd. Sch., Croydon, 

Married. Decorator. Enl., Mar., '15. Fell, France, 15 Oct., '18, 
Brockett, Herbert James, 53518, Act.-Bdr., R.H.A. 

b., Croydon, 18 Feb., '90 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Charles Brockett, 134 

Windmill Rd., Croydon. Educ., Princess Rd. Sch., Croydon. 

Single. Telegraph messenger. Enl., 14 Nov., '08, Fell, 

France, i Jul., '16, 
Brodie, Peter Bellinger, 2/Lt., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. (attd. Imp. Camel C), 

b., Croydon, 19 Jul., '81 ; 5., Robert & Emma Betsy Brodie, 20 

St. Peter's Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Single, 

Clerk, Lond. & Westminster Bank. Enl., in R. Fus., Oct., '14 ; 

served at Gallipoli. Accidentally killed, Wadi en Natrum, 

Egypt. 12 Aug., '16. 
Bromley, William Collingham, L/Cpl., R. Fus. 

b.. New Town, U. Norwood, 12 Dec, '86. Educ, Rockmount 

Rd. Sch., U. Norwood. Married. Policeman. Enl., 18 Feb., 

'04. Fell, Somme, i Jul., '16. 
Brookes, Percy John. 

b., '94. Res., 62 Oval Rd., Croydon. Killed, during Zeppelin 

raid, Oct., '15. 
Brooks, Albert Alexander, Sgt., R.E. 

b., Westminster, 17 Jan., '78. Educ, Addington Street Sch., 

Westminster. Married. Engineer, empl. by G.P.O. Res., 20 

Ashburton Av., Addis. Served in S.A. War. D., Netley Hosp., 

14 Nov., '16. (Plate XIII., 4). 
Brooks, Philip Howard, A.B. Seaman, Gnr., R.N. 

b., Croydon, i Apr., '00 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. S. Brooks, 43 Tarn worth 

Rd., Croydon. E'^mc, British Sch., Croydon. Single. Engineer. 

Res., W. Hartlepool. Enl., 19 Jul., '15. Lost, with H.M.S. 

" Defence," sunk during Battle of Jutland, 31 May, '16. (Plate 

VI., 3). 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 267 

Brotherwood, Leonard, Pte., Middlesex Regt. 

6., '84. Married. Res., 18 Gloucester Rd., Croydon. Fell, 5 
Oct., '17. 

Broughton, Arthur William, Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., 18 Sept., '97 ; 3rd s., John & Emily Broughton, 136 Gloucester 
Rd., Croydon, ^tfi^c, St. James' Sch., Croydon. Single. Einpl. 
by Messrs. Still & Son, dairymen. Etil., 4 Sept., '16. Fell, 
Salonica, i6 Sept., '18. 

Brovvn, a. F., Pte., Sher. For. 

3rd s., Mr. & Mrs. F. Brown, " The Joiners' Arms," Woodside. 
Enl., Oct., '15 ; served in R.A.O.C. D., of wounds, 18 Nov., '17. 

Brown, Alfred Joseph, Pte., 20 R. Fus. 

b., Peckham, 12 Sept., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Joseph R. W. Brown, 
Sefton Rd., Addis, ^rfjic, St. Dunstan's Coll., Catford. Single. 
Bank Clerk. Efil., i Jul., '15. Fell, 15 Apr., '17. Buried, S.E. 
of Heninel, nr. Arras. 

Brown, Charles Roydon, Capt., Essex Regt. 

b., Lewisham, 3 Apr., '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Charles F. Brown, 
120 BrigstockRd.,T. Heath. Educ, Beulah Rd. Sch., T. Heath, 
St. Andrew's Coll,, Dublin, Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon, and Lond. 
Sch. of Economics. Single. Empl. by Law Fire Insurance Soc; 
Associate, Chartered Insur. Inst. Joined Lond. Univ. O.T.C. 
as cadet, 12 Aug., '14 ; commis. and posted to 9 Essex Regt., 26 
Aug., '14 ; w., Hulluch, France, Oct., '16. Ret. to France with 
13 Essex Regt., '16 ; invalided home with typhoid, contracted 
on Somme, '16 ; posted to i Essex Regt., and promoted Capt., 
16 Mar., '17 ; ment. in despatches, Jan., '16 ; M.C. for general 
good service rendered in the field, Jan., '16. Fell, Infantry Hill, 
Monchy-le-Preux, on or after 14 Apr., '17. 

Brown, Clive Anlrews, Capt. & Adjt., R.E. 

b., '90 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. George Andrews Brown, Melville Av., 
Croydon. Educ, Dulwich Coll., King's & Univ. Coll., Lond. 
Empl. in Croydon Boro. Engineers' Office ; A.M.I.C.E. Enl., in 
Lond. Scottish ; commis., Sept., '15 ; Capt., Jun., '17. D., from 
influenza, at Mil. Hosp., Shorncliffe, 7 Nov., '18. Buried, Bandon 
Hill Cem. 

Brown, Ernest Richard, R.E. 

b., Reigate, 11 Dec, '95 ; s., Ernest & Florence Brown, 78 Frith 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Married 
Horsekeeper. Enl., 28 Nov., '15. Fell, France, 5 Oct., '16. 

Brown, F. E., Cpl., R.A.F. 

i., '82. Married; 3 children. i?e5., 24 Manor Rd., S. Norwood. 
Enl., '16. D., of wounds, 17 Sept., '18. 

Brown, F. J., Pte., H.A.C. 

b., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Brown, 19 Ingram Rd., T. Heath. Educ, 
Ingram Rd. Sch., T. Heath, and Clark's Coll. Single. Empl. 
by Board of Trade. Enl., '17. D., from pneumonia, Cologne, 
II Feb., '19. 

Brown, Francis Clement, Lt., Lond. Regt. 

b., Blackheath, '92 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. R. L. Brown, 26 Stafford 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Hon. Sec. of Croydon 
Swimming Club. Enl., Nov., '14 ; commis., Jul., '15 ; served 
in France, Salonica, Egypt, Palestine. Ment. in despatches, '17. 
Fell, in sight of Jerusalem, 8 Dec, '17. 

Brown, Frank Edmund, L/Cpl., R. Fus. 

b., '87 ; ^th s., late Peter S. & Mrs. Brown, Pollard's Hill N., 
Norbury. Married Muriel Quiney. Fell, 22 Aug., '18. 



268 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Brown, John Brook, Rflmn., 13 Lond. Regt. 

b., 139 Lond. Rd., Croydon, i Sept., '80 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. William 
Brown, Hastings, Sussex. Educ, Christ Church Sch., Croydon, 
and M. Whitgift Sch. Single. Engineer ; M.I.H.V.E. Res., 62 
Southbridge Rd., Croydon. Enl., Oct., '14. D., 5 Northern 
Gen. Hosp., Leicester, 21 May, '15, of wounds reed, at Hill 60, 
Ypres, 3 May, '15. 

Brown, John Gordon, Capt., D.T.M.O., 47 Div. 

b., Croydon, 13 Feb., '94 ; 2nd s., Sir Herbert & Lady Brown, 
Coombe Lodge, Addington Hills. Educ, Limes Sch., Croydon, 
" Yardley Court," Tonbridge, and Tonbridge Sch., '07-13, where 
he became head of his House and Sch. Praeposter, '12, and won 
middle weight boxing, '12 ; studied milling at Sheffield, '13-14. 
Single. Miller. Res., Croydon. Enl., in 10 R. Fus., Aug., '14 ; 
commis., Sept., '14 ; Lt., May, '15 ; went to France, Sept., 'is ; 
Capt., Jul., '16 ; M C, Jul., '16 ; D.T.M.O., Sept., 'i6-Oct., '18 ; 
ment. in despatches. Missing, Radinghem, nr. Lille, 5 Oct., '18. 

Brown, Keith Andrews, Capt., i R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '96 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. George Andrews Brown, Melville Av., 
Croydon. Educ, Dulwich Coll. Farmer. Enl., i Nov., '14, 
in Q.W.R. ; went to Sandhurst, May, '15 ; commis., Nov., '15 ; 
w., High Wood, Somme, 15 Jul., '16. D., 22 Sept., '18, of 
wounds reed. prev. day. Buried, nr. Epehy, France. 

Brown. T. E., Cpl., R.A.F. 

b., '82. Married ; 3 children. Res., Manor Rd., Croydon. 
Killed, in accident whilst flying, France, '18. 

Brown, W. S., Cpl., Civ. Serv. Rif. (15 Lond. Regt.) 

b., '88 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Brown, 67 Elmwood Rd., Croydon. Fell, 
7 Oct., '17. 

Brown, William Bert, Pte., 16 R. Fus. 

b., Bexley Heath, 9 Apr., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. J. Brown, 115 
Selhurst Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Church Rd. Sch., Bexley 
Heath. Married. Slater. Res., i Spring Lane, Woodside. 
Enl., II Feb., '16. Fell, Guillemont, 23 Jul., '16. 

Brown, William Wall, 608406, Rflmn., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

s., Mr. & Mrs. G. Wall Brown, 18 Ion Rd., T. Heath. Educ, 
Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon. Empl. in Accountant's Office, 
L.B. & S.C.R. Enl., Dec, '14. D., of wounds in Notre Dame 
Hosp., Cambrai, 25 Mar., '18. (Plate VH., 5). 

Browne, Charles Edward, Pte., R.W.S.Regt. 

^•. '95 ■> y-^-> l^te Edwin, & Mrs. Browne, 28 Vicarage Rd., 
Croydon. Educ, Parish Ch. Sch., Croydon. Sign-writer. Enl., 
in Sur. Yeom., 2 Nov., '15. Fell, 9 Mar., '18. 

Browne, John, Coy.Sgt.Maj., K.R.R.C. 

b., Queen St. Barracks, Belfast, 21 Jan., '81 ; s., late James, & Mrs. 
Browne, Winchester. Educ, St. Peter's (R.C.) Sch., Winchester. 
Married. Police Constable, City of Lond. Res., Walworth, 
and 218 Northborough Rd., Norbury. Enl., in R. Mun. Fus., 
'93 ; Queen's S.A. Med., 3 bars ; King George Coronation Med. 
(Police). Rejoined as Sgt., in K.R.R.C, 10 Sept., '14. Fell, 
Delville Wood, Somme, 6 Oct., '16. 

Bryan, Edwin, Pte., 2 Can. Inf. 

b., Croydon, i Jul., '84 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Frank Bryan, Croham 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, Surrey House Sch., Margate. Single. 
Farmer. Res., Edmonton, Canada. Enl., Jan., *i6. D., at 
Poperinghe, 16 Jun., '16, of wounds reed, at Ypres, 14 Jun., '16. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 269 

Bryant, Sidney Arthur, L/Cpl., i R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 26 Jun., '85 ; s., John & Fanny Bryant, 68 Waddon 
Marsh Lane, Croydon. Educ, Brighton Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Married. Postman. Res., 34 Purley Rd., S. Croydon. Served 
in S.A. War (King's & Queen's Meds.). FtiL, 26 Mar., '01 . 
Rejoined, 5 Aug , '14. Fell, Ypres, 21 Oct., '14. 

Bryant, Walter Theodore Grahame, A.B. Seaman, " Hawke " Btn., 
R.N.D. 

b., 179 Westcombe Hill, S.E., 23 Aug., '97 ; s., Walter William 
& Marian Bryant, i Biddulph Rd., Croydon. Educ, Stratheden 
House, Blackheath, and St. Bees, Cumberland. Single. Clerk, 
Cape Government Office. Res., 21 Charlton Rd., S.E. Enl., 16 
Nov., '14. Fell, Cape Helles, Gallipoli, 10 Jun., '15. 

Buck, Cyril Alfred Spencer, 2/Lt., Lond. Regt. 

b., Southsea, Plants., 8 Jul., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Janet Buck, 
" Cranleigh," Fairview Rd., Norbury. Educ, Portsmouth G. 
Sch. Single. Bank clerk. Enl., as Rflmn. in i/i 8 Lond. Regt., 
3 Sept., '14 ; went to France, Aug., '15 ; M.M., for work done as 
Bde. Observer, Somme, 2 Sept., '16 ; gazetted, Jun., '17. 
Missing, Poelcapelle, Passchendaele Ridge, 26 Oct., '17. 

Buckeridge, H. S., Pte., M.G.C. 

b., '90. Empl. by '^Croydon Advertiser." D., of wounds, 
France, 21 Oct., '16. 

Buckland, John Martin, Pte., i Norfolk Regt. 

b., Earlsfield, S.W., 22 Jan., '98 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Buckland, 73 
Lebanon Rd., Croydon. Educ, St. Andrew's Sch., Croydon, 
and Reedham, Purley. Single. Clerk. Enl., 9 Mar., '14. 
D., 27 Apr., '16, at Lond. Hosp., Whitechapel Rd., E.G., of 
wounds reed, at Arras, 4 Nov., '15. 

Buckland, John Richard Thomas, L/Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '91. Educ, Beulah Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Golf caddy. Res., 
32 Nursery Rd., T. Heath. Efil.,'!^. Fell, France, 5 T)ec., '16. 

Buckworth, Alan B., 2/Lt., R. Innis. Fus. 

b., '98 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Ernest Benjamin Buckworth, 25 North 
End, Croydon. Fell, 16 Aug., '17. 

Buckworth, Herbert Thompson, 2/Lt., R. Fus. 

b., 16 Dec, '80 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Ernest Benjamin Buckworth, 
25 North End, Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. 

Buckworth, Wallace Alfred, Lt., R. Innis. Fus. 

b., 25 May, '82 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Ernest Benjamin Buckworth, 
25 North End, Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '93-97, Fell, 
Gallipoli. 

Buckworth, William, Lt., R.B. 

b; '77 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Ernest Benjamin Buckworth, 25 North 
End, Croydon. Fell, 14 Aug., '17. 

Budd, Frederick Charles, 2/1 Lond. Regt. 

b., '83 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Budd, 7 Lansdowne Rd., Croydon. Fell, 
I Jul., '16. 

Budd, Wrinch Joseph Charles, Lt., 2 S.W.B. 

b., Clapham, 23 Sept., '75 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Budd, 84 Melrose 
Av., Norbury. JEJtfz/c, Westminster Sch. Single. Chief clerk. 
Municipal Council, Shanghai. Served in S.A. War. Commis., 
Feb., '15. Fell, Gallipoli, 28 Jun., '15. 

BuDDS, Cecil, Pte., R.A.M.C. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Thomas Budds, 48 Melfort Rd., T. Heath. D., 
of dysentery on H.M. Hosp. Ship, " Nevasa," 27 Jun., '16. 

Budgen, G. H., 10043, R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, '94. Res., 2 Railway Cottages, Sydenham Rd. 
W. Croydon. Fell, Jul., '16. 



270 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

BuDGEN, Sidney Norman, Lt. 

b., '86 ; e.s., Sidney & Fanny Budgen, Croham Rd., Croydon. 

Fell, Ypres, 4 Oct., '17. 
BuLLER, Henry George Robert, Pte., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 11 Aug., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Henry William Buller, 

4 Portland Rd., S. Norwood. Ediic., Sydenham Rd. Sch., 

Croydon. Single. Tea-packer. T^es., 32 Union Rd., Croydon. 

Enl., 10 Aug., '15 ; served in Egypt, Feb., 'i6-Jul., '18 ; w., 

Gaza, Mar., '17, and White Hill, nr. Jerusalem, 26 Dec, '17. 

Fell, nr. Soissons, 29 Jul., '18. 
BuLLMANN, Haddon R. H., 2/Lt., M.G.C. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Enl., in Artists Rif., Aug., '15. Fell, 

'i8(?) 
Bundle, Harry Norman, 2/Lt., Lond. Regt. 

b., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Bundle, Whitehorse Rd., Croydon. 

Empl. by Croydon Corp., Boro. Electrical Engineers' Dept. 

Enl., '14 ; a'., Loos, Sept., '15 ; commis., Apr., '17. B^ell, France, 

20 Sept., '17. 
Bunkell, F. J., 30104, Pte., R.W. Fus. 

Fell, '16. 
BuNN, George Bertie, Sgt., 7 R. Fus. 

Married. Lithographic artist. Res., Selhurst. Enl., 9 Sept., 

'14. Fell, Aveluy Wood, France, 5 Apr., '18. 
Burbage, Edwin Joseph, Lt., Middlesex Regt. 

b., '88 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. J. P. Burbage, 44 Surrey St., Croydon. 

Black and white artist. Enl., in R. Fus., Sept., '14 ; commis., 

Jun., '15 ; passed through Higher Mil. Sch., Cairo, Sept., '16. 

Fell, '17. 
Burberry, Thomas William, 2 S. Lanes. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Burberry, 5 Troy Rd., U. Norwood. Single. 

Fell, Vailly, 20 Sept., '14. 
BuRCH. Herbert Charles, 20635, Cpl., i Essex Regt. 

b., '91 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. John Burch, 14 Inglis Rd., Addis. Chief 

steward on " Medway." Enl. in Norf. Regt., 10 Dec, '14 ; Cpl., 

'14 ; stationed at Felixstowe ; trans, to Essex Regt. and drafted 

to Gallipoli, Jul., '15 ; on " Royal Edward," torpedoed in Aegian 

Sea. Fell, GallipoH, 10 Oct., '15. 
Burden, L. G., Rflmn., L.R B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

Res., 13 Blenheim Pk. Rd., Croydon. Fell, '16. 
Burgess, Ertc A., 2/Lt., R. Fus. 

b., 28 Feb., '98 ; s., Mr, & Mrs. Sydney H. Burgess, Malacca 

and Littlehampton. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '12-13. Single. 

Enl., '15. Fell, France, '17. 
Burgess, L., 24749, E. Sur. Regt. 

Res., T. Heath. D., of wounds, '17. 
Burlace, Henry Edward L, Trooper, Indian Camel C. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Sarah Burlace, 34 Greenside Rd., Croydon. 

Educ., Hornsey G. Sch., and High Sch., Sutton. Enl., in 3 

County of Lond. Yeom. (York Hussars) ; served in Egypt for 2 

years. Fell, Gaza, Palestine, 21 Apr., '17. 
Burn, Robert, Pte., 4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Kensington, 3 Apr., '85 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Wm. Burn, 46 Elgin 

Rd., Croydon. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Married. Designer. 

Enl., Aug., '14 ; taken pris. at Kut. D., in Hosp. at Yarbachi, 

Oct., '16. 
Burnett, William Thomas, Pte, 7 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 83 Frant Rd., T. Heath, 10 Jan., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. W. 

Burnett, T. Heath. Educ, Ecclesbourne Rd. Sch., T. Heath, 

Single. Shopman. £«/., 9 Sept., '14. Fe/Z, France, i Jul., '16. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 



271 



Burr, Benjamin William, Pte., 12 Suff. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 16 Sept., '89. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. 
Married ; i child. Labourer, empl. at Messrs. Crowley's 
Brewery. Res., 31 Wisbeach Rd., Croydon. £«/., Sept., '15. 
Fell, France, 31 Jul., '16. 

BuRREE, Stanley Arthur, 2/Lt., R.A.F. 

b., '93. Married. Empl. by Messrs. Teetgen & Co., tea mer- 
chants. Res., IS Beulah Rd. E., T. Heath. Enl., in Gren. Gds., 
Sept., '15 ; served in France ; commis., Mar., 'iS. Accidentally 
killed while flying in England, 5 Jul., '18. Buried, Mitcham Rd. 
Cem., Croydon. 

BuRRY, C. H., Cpl., 22 Lond. Regt. 

Enl., in R.W.S. Regt., Nov., '14 ; trans. later to Lond. Regt. ; 
served in France, Jun.,-Dec., '16 ; went to Salonica, Dec, '16 ; 
M.M. Fell, 30 Mar., '18. 

BuRSNOLL, William, 21 Lond. Regt. 

b., Tring, Herts., 28 Dec, '88 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. W. Bursnoll, St. 
James' Rd., Croydon. Educ, Christ Church Sch., Croydon. 
Married; 2 children. Shop assistant. i^es., 11 St. James' Rd., 
Croydon. Enl., 21 Mar., '16. Fell, France, 15 Sept., '16. 

Burt, Cecil Walter, Cpl., R.E. 

b,, Weymouth, 22 Aug., '87 ; s., Walter & Jessie Burt, Weymouth. 
Educ, High Sch., Croydon. Single. Engineer. Enl., Sept., 
'14. Fell, Loos, 26 Sept., '15. 

Burtenshaw^, W. J., R.F.C. 

Res., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 

Burton, Alfred Walter, L/Cpl., Q.W. Rif. (16 Lond. Regt.) 

b., 35 St. John's Grove, Croydon, 13 May, '92 ; s., late John L. 
Burton, & Mrs. Dunham, i St. John's Grove, Croydon. Educ, 
Whitgift G. Sch. Single. Builder's clerk. Enl., 5 Sept., '14 ; 
went to France, Aug., '15 ; taken pris., 28 Mar., '18. D., of 
pneumonia and heart failure while pris. of war at Le Quesnoy, 
26 Jul., '18. 

Burton, Robert Stephen, Shoeing Smith, R.F.A. 

b., India, 16 Oct., '95 ; s.. Mr. & Mrs. Alfred Burton, 29 Lynton 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, St. Mary's Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Blacksmith. D., of appendicitis, France, 4 Mar., '16. 

Busby, Donald Arthur, 2,/Lt., R.A.F. 

b., Fulham, 6 Mar., '00 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. C. Busby, 34 Temple 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Single. Insurance 
clerk. Joined, R.N.A.S. as 2/Lt. (Pilot), 10 Mar., '18. Killed 
in accident at Stockbridge, Hants., 3 Sept., '18. 

BussEY, Frank, Capt., R.E. 

Bustin, Walter Joseph, L/Cpl., 7 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Peckliam, 7 Sept., '96 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. W. Bustin, 31 Alderton 
Rd., Addis. Educ, Woodside Sch., Croydon. Single. Elec- 
trician. Enl., 13 Aug., '14. Fell, Somme, i Jul., '16. 

Butcher, Harold Thomas, 2/Lt., 11 R.B. 

b., Bermondsey, 20 May, '90 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Henry William 
Butcher, " Coxley Plane," Purley. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. 
Single. In business with his father, corn merchant, Mark Lane, 
Lond. Enl., in L.R.B., Aug., '14 ; was one of 7 ptes. under Sgt. 
Belcher who held the line after troops on either side had retired, 
against repeated German attacks, 13 May, '15, at Ypres, and for 
which Sgt. Belcher was awarded V.C. Fell, Ypres, i8 Feb., '16. 

Butler, W., 7976, Coy.Sgt.Maj., E. Sur. Regt. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Butler, William, Pie., 26 R. Fus. 

Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Fell, Oct., '16. 



272 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Byfield, Harold, Pte., i R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 29 Mar., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. H. H. Byfield, 18 Park Lane, 

Croydon. Educ, St. Peter's and Parish Church Schs., Croydon. 

Single. Grocer's asst. Asst. Scout Master. Enl., '12. Fell, 

Aisne, 16 Sept., '14. 
Byford, J. W., 511869, Lond. Regt. 

Res., S. Croydon. D.. of wounds, '17. 
Byrne, Edward, 2/Lt., 9 D. C.L.I. 

b., i6 Dec, '86. Teacher. Fell, Aug., '17. 
Byrne, R., Pte., Wilts. Regt. 

e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Bvrne, 69 Exeter Rd., Croydon. Enl., Apr., '17. 

Fell, 4 Oct., '18. 
Cage, Samuel, 29526, Driver, R.F.A. 

Married. Res., 10 Strathmore Rd., Croydon. Served in S.A. 

War. Fell, Vimy Ridge, 22 Apr., '17. 
Cahill, Albert Gilbert, Lond. Regt. 

b., '92. Fell, 8 Oct., '16. 
Cahill, Edward James, Pte., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 4 Mar., '97 ; s., James George & Annie Cahill, 12 

Laurier Rd., Addis. Educ, Woodside Sch., Croydon. Single. 

Shop asst. Enl., Oct., '14. Fell, Palestine, 21 t)ec., '17. 
Campbell, J. D., 2/Lt., R.W.S. Regt. 

Fell, '16. 
Candy, H. J., 121029, Driver, R.F.A. 

Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '16. 
Cannon, Arthur, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Cannon, 10 Princess Rd., Croydon. Enl., Aug., 

'14. Fell, France, 7 Mar., '16. 
Cannon, Frank, Pte., R. Suss. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Cannon, 10 Princess Rd., Croydon. Enl., Oct., 

'14. Fell, France, 13 Feb., '16. 
Cannon, William, Pte., Ox. & Bucks. L.I. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Cannon, 10 Princess Rd., Croydon. Served 8 

yrs. in India. D., of wounds, Mesopotamia, 26 Dec, '15. 
Cannon, Edwin Herbert, Pte., 2 Lond. Regt. 

b., Stratford, Essex. Educ, at a private sch., St. Saviour's Rd., 

Croydon. Single. Shipping clerk. Res., 156 Melfort Rd., 

T. Heath. Enl., Sept., '14. Fell, Hebuterne, 20 Jun., '16, 
Cantwell, p., Pte., S. Lanes. Regt. 

b; '77 ; y-^-7 late Mr. & Mrs. P. Cantwell, Brook Rd., Waddon. 

Res., Croydon. Enl., Aug., '14 ; served 18 months in France 

with R.A.S.C. D., of wounds, 7 Aug., '17. 
Capern, Charles Edward, Bdr., 236 Bde. (T.) R.F.A. 

b., S. Lambeth, 20 Nov., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. W. H. Capern, 216 

Portland Rd., S.Norwood. Educ, Church Street Sch., Kennington, 

S.E. Married. Inland Revenue clerk. Res., 2 Claylands Rd., 

Clapham, S.W. Enl., Feb., '13. D., nr. Albert, 23 Aug., '14, 

of wounds reed, same day. 
Card, A., 30Q00, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

Res., Croydon. D., of wounds, '17. 
Card, Harry C, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '97 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. J. Card, 67 St. Saviour's Rd., Croydon. 

Fell, France, i Jul., '16. 
Care, Edward James, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 20 Sept., '90. Educ, Bynes Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married ; 

I child. Gardener. Res., 12 Kemble Rd., Croydon. Enl., 

12 Oct., '16. Fell, France, 7 Oct., '17. 



V. 









1. S/Sgt. J. A. Clarke, R.A.S.C. 

2. Pte. C. Dawson, i E. Kent Regt. 

3. Bdr. F. P. Clarke, R.F.A. 

4. Pte. E. J. Collins. 2/5 Lincoln Regt. 

5. 2/Lt. L. E. Atha, R.F.C. 

6. ist Air Mech. L. K. H. Bailey- R.F.C. 



VI. 





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2/Lt. A. L. Berry, 14 (attd. 8) R.Fus. 
Lt.&Adjt. C.N. Bond, 1/4 Lincoln. Regt. 
Seaman Gnr. P. H. Brooks, R.N. 
Pte. W. E. Bristow, R.W.S. Regt. 
2nd Air Mech. A. J. Clarke, R.A.F. 
Rflmn. S. H. Densham. Lond. Rif. B. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 273 

Care, Robert George Edward, 683076, L/Cpl., 1/22 Lond. Regrt. 

b., Croydon, 2 Aug., '96 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Elizabeth Care, 2 
Rolleston Rd., Croydon. Educ, Bvnes Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Empl. at Streatham Motor 'Bus Garage. Enl., 21 May, 
'11; ; twice iv Fell, France. 22 Aug., '18. 

Carey, Francis Ambrose, 2/Lt., 32 R Fus. 

b„ 82 Boswell Rd., T. Heath, 11 Aug., 'q6 ; 5., Francis Harwood 
& Edith Leonora Carev, " Whitlev Lodge," Beulah Rd., T. 
Heath. Educ, Davies' Sch.. Whitgift G. Sch., and St. Dunstan's 
Coll., Catford, Single. Engineer. Res., 40 Beulah Rd., T 
Heath. Enl., as pte., 6 Aug., '14. Fell, Flers, Somme, 15 
Sept., '16. 

Carey, H., 26946, Pte., Northd. Fus. 

Res , W. Croydon. Drmvned, '17. 

Carley, H. v., 2/Lt., 7 Norf. Regt. 

D., of wounds reed, in France, '15. 

C.ARLEY, Henry John, Pte., R. Fus. 

b., Westminster. Educ, Regents (L.C.C.) Sch. Married. 
Gardener. Res. 26 Howard Rd., S. Norwood. Etd., 10 May, '15 . 
D. at Winchester Hosp., 13 Mar., '17, of neuritis and dysentery, 
contracted in France, Jan.-Mar., '17. 

Carlton, Claude Gray, 2/Lt., 9 Dev. Regt 

b., '87 ; sth s., j. Crichton & Mary Carlton, 7 Spencer Rd., 
Croydon. Fell, Gheluvelt, 26 Oct., '17. 

Carolin, J. T., 201916, Pte., Manchr. Regt. 
Res., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 

Carpenter, Cecil Henry, Pte., H.A.C. 

b., Carshalton, 19 May, '93 ; s., Henry William & Emelie Car- 
penter, '* St. Heliers," Carshalton. Educ, Homefield Prep. Sch., 
Sutton, and Whitgift G. Sch. Single. Bank clerk. Enl., 3 
Nov., '15. Fell, Beaucourt, France, 14 Nov., '16. 

Carpenter, D.'T., 1381. Pte., R. Fus. 
Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '16. 

Carpenter, Robert Leslie, Lt., 1/17 Lond. Regt. 

b., Margate, 17 Apr., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Robert Carpenter. 69 
Barrowgate Rd., Chiswick. Educ, Reigate G. Sch., and Whitgift 
G. Sch Single. Clerk in Lond. County & Westminster Bank. 
Res., t;2 Friends' Rd., Croydon. Joined as 2/Lt., 6 May, '14. 
Fell, Loos, 26 Oct., '15, Buried, Loos. 

Carr, Frank Septimus, Pte., i Lond. Scottish (14 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Walthamstow, Essex, 12 Mar., '8r ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Carr, 
45 Gonville Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Wilson's G. Sch., Camber- 
well. Single. Chartered accountant's managing clerk. 
Res., 45 Gonville Rd., T. Heath. Enl., 21 Feb., 'i6. Fell, 
Ginchy, 9 Sept., '16 ; buried, Guillemont Rd. Mil. Cem. 

Carrack, Charles J., Pte., R. Fus. 

b., 19 Feb , '94 ; 5., Rev. & Mrs. T. M. Carrack, Middleton 
Vicarage, Godalming: Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '07-14. Single. 
Enl., '14. Fell, '17. 
Carrell, George, Pte., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Beckenham, 5 May, '95 : s., George Henry & Ellen Carrell, 
55 Beulah Gr., Croydon. Educ, Bromley Rd. Sch., Beckenham, 
and Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Porter. Enl., 
7 Sept., '14. Fell, Armentiferes, 26 Jun., '15. 
Carson, Albert, Seaman, R.N. 

b., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Albert E. Carson. Res., 14 Albion St., 
Croydon. Enl., Dec, '14 ; took part in Dardanelles operations, 
Nov., '15. Reported missing, 13 Jul., '16. 

R 



274 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Carter, A. W., 255S, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '16. 
Carter, Charles Stanley, Leading Seaman, R.N.V.R. 

Took part in defence of Antwerp. Fell, Dardanelles, 30 Jun., '15. 
Carter, E. 

Married. Empl. by Croydon Corp. Rds. Dept. Res., 18 Ellara 
Rd., Streatham. Enl.. 12 Oct., '14. Fell, Gallipoli, 8 Aug., '15. 
Carter, Frederick John, R.M.L.I. 

b., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Carter, Lansdowne Rd., Purley. Educ, 
Purley Nat. Sch. Milkman. Enl., Aug., '14. Fell, Darda- 
nelles, '15. 
Carter, G., 12284, Pte., R. Fus. 

Res., W. Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Carter, J. A., Lt., D.C.L.I. 

b., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. H. Carter, " Steep," Beech Av., Sander- 
stead. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., and Queen's Coll., Oxford. 
Joined, as zjl^t., '14 ; twice w. D., of wounds, 4 Apr., '17, while 
pris. of war. 
Carter, M. R., Capt., R.W.S. Regt. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Fell, '18. 
Carter, P., 1399, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Fell, '16. 
Carter, Wilfred Arthur Douglas, 2/Lt., Dorset Regt. (attd. R.F.C.) 
b., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Henry Carter, S. Norwood. Killed, 
while flying, 23 May, '17. 
Cartwright, E., 13713, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 
Res., T. Heath. D., of wounds, '17. 
Casey, J. W., Pte., M.G.C. 

Married ; i daughter. Empl. by Croydon Electricity Works. 
Enl., 20 Jun., '15 ; w., 'i6. D., 11 Sept., '18, at Poole Military 
Hosp.,of wounds reed, in France, 21 Apr., '18. Buried, Queen's 
Rd. Cem., Croydon. 
Cason, J., Pte., Lab. Coy. (R.E.) 

b., '73. Married ; 3 children. Empl. at Norwood June. Stn., 
L.B. &. S.C.R. Res., 44 Cresswell Rd., S. Norwood. Served 
2 yrs. in France. Fell, 2 Sept., '17. 
Cassidy, Albert Victor, Pte., 7 R. Suss. Regt. 

b., '87. Married ; i daughter. Res., 6 Kingswood Rd., Penge. 
D., 29 Nov., '17, at 5 C.C.S., France, of wounds reed. 20 Nov. ,'17. 
Casswell, F. C, Lt., Beds. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. F. H. Casswell, Pollards Hill N., Norbury. Lost, 
on H.M. Transport, " Royal Edward," 13 Aug., '15. 
Castle, Ewart William King, Rflmn., Q.W. Rif. (16 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Beckenham, 5 Mar., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. William F. Castle, 
24 Upper Grove, S. Norwood. Educ, St. Olave's G. Sch., 
Southwark. Single. Shipping clerk. £■«/., 5 Mar., '17. Fell, 
nr. Bullecourt, 28 Aug., '18. 
Catchpole, David, L/Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '80. Married ; 3 children. Policeman. Res., Handcroft 
Rd., Croydon. Served in S.A. War with Som. Yeom. Enl., 
Jun., '15, Fell, France, 4 Oct., '17. 
Catchpole, H., 18001, L/Cpl., Som. L.L 

b., '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Catchpole, Queen's Rd., Croydon. 
Married ; 3 children. Res., 80 Thornton Rd., Croydon. Enl , 
Apr., '15 ; w., Aug., '16. Fell, '17. 
Cates, James, 8191, Sgt., R.W.S. Regt. 

Married. Res., Rymer Rd., Addis. Fell, 25 Sept., '17. 
Cathie, Sydney, Pte. 

Married. Fell, zi Oct., '16. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 275 

Cato, Charles Francis, 2nd A.M., R.A.F. 

b., 15 May, '84 ; s., late Mr. & Mrs. Cato, 140 Richmond Rd., 
Leytonstone. Educ, at a private sch. Married ; 2 children. 
Journalist. Res., 45 Sher\vood Rd., Addis. Enl., Jul., '17. D., 
of pneumonia at Aire, France, 9 Apr., '18. 

Ca-.vson, G. a., 2/Lt., R.F.C. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Fell, Cambrai, '17. 

Cawston, R., ist A.M., R.A.F. 

b., '83. Married ; 2 children. Goal-keeper, Addis. Football 
Club. Served in France 2i yrs. D., of bronchial pneumonia, 
France, '18. 

Chadbond, John William, Pte., R. Fus. 

b., 3 Feb., '90 ; s., Mr.& Mrs. Frank Charles Chadbond, Lenham 
Church Street, Epsom. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. D., of 
wounds, France, 31 Dec, '15. 

Chaff, E., Pte., 7 R W.S. Regt. 

b., '84 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Chaff, 115 High St., Croydon. D., of 
enteric fever at R. Victoria Hosp., Netley, Oct., '15. 

Chalk, Dudley, Pte., R.M.L.I. 

b., '91 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Chalk, Penge. W., at Antwerp, '14. 
Fell, Dardanelles, '15. 

Challen, H. J., 6589, Bty. Sgt. Maj., R.G A. 
Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '16. 

Chalmers, Harry Frank, R.N.V R. 

b., '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Chalmers, 65 Winterbourne Rd., T. Heath. 
Fell, Gallipoli, 4 Jun., '15. 

Chamberlain, Cyril John, Lt., i R.B. 

b.. Hammersmith, '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Chamberlain, 457 Lond. 
Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Latymer Upper Sch., Hammersmith, 
and Emanuel Sch., Wandsworth Common. Single. School- 
master (L.C.C). Enl., 4 Sept., '14 ; commis., Aug., '15 ; w., 
Delville Wood, Sept., '16. Fell, nr. Poelcappelle, 7 Oct., '17. 

Chambers, H. C, Pte., Welsh Regt. 

Married ; i child. Res., 83 St. Saviour's Rd., Croydon. Enl., 
in R.A.S.C. (M.T.), '16. Fell, i Aug., '17. 

Champion, George, Rflmn., K.R.R.C. 

b., 55 Marville Rd., Fulham, 12 Jun., '87 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 
Champion, Rochester. Educ, Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Clerk. Res., 312 Lr. Addis. Rd., Croydon. Enl., 17 May, '15. 
Fell, nr. Ypres, 10 Apr., '16. 

Chandler, James Edward, 42086, Cpl., 4 Btv., i Div. Can. Fid. Arty. 
b., 8 Southbridge Place, Croydon, '85; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Chandler, 
35 Waddon New Rd., Croydon. Single. Res. in Croydon previous 
to '06, being empl. by Messrs. Hammond & Hussey ; emigrated 
to Canada, Feb., '06. Res., Peterboro', Ontario. Memb. of 
Volunteers until '06. Enl., '14. Fell, Flanders, 10 Jun., '16. 

Chaplin, W. A., 2473, L/Cpl., Lond. Regt. 
Fell, '16. 

Chapman, Arthur Thomas, Capt., 3 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., '73. Married. Chairman of Messrs. Chapman & Sons, 
Croydon. Res., Coulsdon. Helped to form ist Croydon Btn. of 
Nat. Res.; served in S.A. War. Joined as Lt. Fell, 26 Apr., '15. 

Chapman, Charles Leslie, Pte., 1/7 Lond. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 13 Feb., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Edmund Chapman, 
i86 Canterbury Rd., Croydon. Educ, Christ Ch. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Ironmonger's asst. Enl., Nov., '15. Fell, Cambrai, 
I Dec, '17. 



276 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Chapman, Edward Thomas, L/Cpl., R. Fus. 

b., 22 Purley Rd., Croydon, 31 Jan., '96 ; s., Henry William & 
Mary Ellen Chapman. Educ, Bynes Rd. Sch., Croydon. Mar- 
ried. Grocer's asst. £"«/., 8 Sept., '14. Fe//, Somme, 7 Oct.,'i6. 
Chapman, Harold Byron James, Pte., R.A.M.C. 

b., Croydon, '88 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Chapman, " Eversholt," Stanton 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, Mod. Sch., Croydon. Married. Clerk. 
Res., Stanton Rd., Croydon. Enl., Sept., '14. Fell, Cambrai, 26 
Nov., '17. 
Chapman, John Edward, R.A.M.C. 

b., '80. Res., 12 Kidderminster Rd., Croydon. D., at R.Victoria 
Hosp., Netley, 20 Aug., '17; buried, Mitcham Rd. Cem., Croydon. 
Chappell, 2/Lt., R.E. 

Educ., High Sch., Croydon. Fell, '16. 
Charlick, E. H. R., 62920, Pte., 7 R. Fus. 

b., Croydon, '82; s., R. Charlick, ex-station master, Selhurst Stn., 
& Mrs. Charlick. Married. Empl. by Messrs. Matthews & 
Wilson, Portland Rd., S. Norwood. Res., 25 Cresswell Rd., S. 
Norwood. Enl., in 3 R.W.S. Regt., 4 Jan., '17. W.,& missing, 
Bailleul, 23 Apr., '17. 
Charman, Albert, Pte., K.O.Y,L.I. 

b., '96. Res., 81 Mitcham Rd., Croydon. Enl., Sept., '14. D., 
Boulogne, 29 Dec, '14, of wounds reed., 20 Dec, '14. 
Chart, Geoffrey, Pte., S.A.F. 

b., '81 ; 5., Aid. R. M. Chart, J.P., & Mrs. Chart. Educ, Whit- 
gift G. Sch. Married ; 2 children. Res., S. Africa. Enl., in 
R.A.S.C., '14 D., 23 Sept., '17, France, of wounds reed, 
2 days prev. 
Chatten, Walter Francis, Pte., 2 S. I^ancs. Regt. 

b., Dartnell Rd., Croydon, 11 Jun., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. G. E. 
Chatten, 21 Laurier Rd., Croydon. Educ, St. Mary's (R.C.) 
Sch., Croydon. Single. Dock labourer at Lond. Enl., 25 Jan., 
'15. Fell, Loos, 25 Sept., '15. 
Chatterton, Harold M. N., 2/Lt., 9 R.W.S. Regt. 

D., 18 Jun., '16, France, of gas poisoning, contracted 2 days prev. 
Checker, John, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

Fell, '16. 
Chequer, Herbert Henry, Drummer, i Beds. Regt. 

b., 75 The Drive, T. Heath, 10 Jul., '88 ; s., George & Sophia 
Chequer, 75 The Drive, T. Heath. E'dfuc, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., 
T. Heath. Single. Enl., 16 Nov., '03. Ment. in despatches. 
D., 28 Sept., '14, at 4 Gen. Hosp., Versailles, of wounds reed, 
in retreat from Mons, 25 Sept., '14. 
Cherry, Alfred John, W.O., R.N. 

b., 13 Parker Rd., Croydon, 11 Oct., '85 ; 3rrf 5., late George and 
Mary Rebecca Cherry, 55 Tunstall Rd., Croydon. Educ, St. 
Andrew's Sch., Croydon. Single. Res., 82 Southbridge Rd., 
Croydon. jfotnedR.N., 11 May, '01. Lo5i with H.M.S ."Defence," 
Battle of Jutland, 31 May, '16. (Plate IX., 5). 
Cheshire, Edgar Murray, 2/Lt., R.F.C. 

b., T. Heath, 21 Apr., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. M. E. Cheshire, 
9 Raymead Av., T. Heath. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Single. 
Bank clerk. Joined, 6 Jun., '17. Z)., as result of accident while 
flying, Shoreham, 6 Mar., '18; buried, MitchamRd. Cem., Croydon. 
Chester, D., Sgt., R. Fus. 

Educ, Shoreham G. Sch. Clerk, Croydon Branch, Nat. Pro- 
vincial Bank. Res., 42 Hathaway Rd., Croydon. Enl., '14. 
Fell, 24 Apr., '17. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 277 

Chevins, Walter, Pte., i Lond. Regt. 

b., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Chevins, 3 Edward Rd., Addis. Educ, 

Davidson Rd. Sch., Croydon. Enl., Sept., '15. Fell, France, 

15 Sept., '16. 
Child, A. G., Staff Sgt. Maj., 4 R.W.S. Regt. 

Enl., '95 ; went to India, Oct., '14. D., from an abscess on the 

liver, Poona, Aug., '15. 
Chilmaid, F. a., 14788, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

Res., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 
Chilton, Ernest, Bdr., R.F.A. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Chilton, 6 Penrith Rd., T. Heath. Accidentally 

killed, France, 4 Jan., '16. 
Chilver, S. G., 60S039, Pte., R. Irish Fus. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Chittell, St.^nley S., 10 R. Fus. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. J. Chittell, 74 Westow St., U. Norwood. 
Chittenden, Albert Edward, 99058, L/Cpl., 245 Coy., M.G.C. 

b., Peckham. Educ, Dulvvich. Married. Shipping rhanager. 

Res., 34 Beechwood Av., T. Heath. Enl., Aug., '15. D., 

15 Jan., '17, of Vv'ounds reed, in Mesopotamia. 
Chittenden, Leonard Lloyd. 

b., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. H. Chittenden, Addis. D., in Switzerland, 

15 Oct., '18, having been released from Austria six days before. 
Chittenden, Walter, Pte., 12 Suff. Regt. 

b., Whyteleafe, i6 May, '80 ; s., John & Ellen Chittenden, Wel- 
come Terr., Kenley. Educ, Kenley Sch. Married. Painter. 

i?e5., 30 PurleyRd., Croydon. Enl., 2 Oct., '15. Fell, y Sept., '18. 
Church, W., Pte., R. Fus. 

b., '92 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. J. Church, 49 Saxon Rd., S. Norwood, 

Educ, Woodside Sch., Croydon. Married. Enl., Apr., '16, 

Fell, Givenchy, 9 Apr., '17. 
Churcher, F., Gnr., R.F.A. 

y.s., Mr. & Mrs. H. Churcher, 10 Cobden Rd., S. Norwood. 

D., 24 Nov., '17, of wounds reed, in France 2 days prev. 
Churcher, Henry William, Sapper, R.E. 

b., Carmichael Rd., S. Norwood, 29 Oct., '81 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 

Churcher, 10 Cobden Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Birchanger Rd, 

Sch., S. Norwood. Married. Bricklayer. Res., Apsley Rd., 

S. Norwood. Enl., '99 ; S.A. Med. & Bars ; called up on Res., 

'14. Fell, nr. Armentieres, 24 Jul., '15. 
Chutter, George Philip, Lt., Glo'ster. Regt. 

b., '98 ; 3/-^ J., Mr. & Mrs. Chutter, Brighton Rd., Croydon. Fell, 

IS Jun., '18. 
Clack, J., 55882, Pte., M.G.C. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Claricoat, Arthur John, Rflmn., Lond. Regt. 

b., Sutton, 7 Sept., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Claricoat, 7 Tait Rd,, 

Croydon. Educ, Tavistock Grove Sch., Croydon Single. 

Grocer's asst. Enl., in 3/4 R.W.S. Regt., 17 Sept., '14. Fell, 

Belgium, 7 Jun.,' 17. 
Claridge, L.awrence Braham, Pte., 2/4 Lond. Regt. (R.Fus.) 

b., S. Norwood, 22 Jun., '81 ; s., George Frederick & Frances 

Claridge, 28 Morland Rd., and 59 George Street, Croydon ; now 

of Leighton Buzzard. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Bank clerk, 

Anglo S. American Bank, Chili. Enl., Nov., '14 ; served in 

Egypt, Dardanelles, France. D., 31 May, '16, in France, of 

wounds reed, the prev. day. 



278 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Clark, Albert, 1880, Pte., R.A.S.C. (M.T.) 

b.. Caller St., King's Cross, 5 Dec, '85 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Thomas 

Clark, 52 Gloucester Rd., Croydon. Educ., Sydenham Rd. Sch., 

Croydon. Single. Fitter. Res., Liverpool. Enl., 10 Aug., 
'14. D., of enteric fever, 21 Jan., '15. 
Clark, Arthur George, 27042, Cpl., R. Scots. 

b., Croydon, 8 Aug., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Thomas Clark, 52 

Gloucester Rd., Croydon. Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. 

Single. Empl. as ticket collector by L.B. & S.C.R. Enl., 9 Nov., 

'15. Fell, France, 27 Aug., '18. 
Clark, Bert, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

2.nd s., Mr. & Mrs. Clark, Tamworth PI., Croydon. Married. 

Res., Croydon. Enl., in Middlesex Regt. D., of wounds, '18. 
Clark, Edv^^ard, R.B. 

Educ, Shirley Sch., Wickham Rd., Croydon. Fell, '15. 
Clark, F., 810444, R.F.A. 

Res., S. Norwood. Fell, 'I'j . 
Clark, J. F., L/Cpl., H.A.C. 

b., '87 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Harry M. Clark. D., of pneumonia, 

Italy, '17. 
Clark, Joe, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '96 ; 2rd s., Mr. & Mrs. Clark, 28 Tamworth PI., Croydon 

Fell, 6 Apr., '18. 
Clark, Thomas Henry, Seaman, R.N. 

b., Croydon, '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. T. Clark, Redhill. jfoined, '12 ; 

served on H.M. Ships " Ganges," " Magnificent," & " Donegal." 

Lost, with H.M.S. " Amphion," Aug., '14. 
Clarke, Alfred William, Pte., 2/4 R.W S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 22 Nov., '74. Educ, St. Andrew's Sch., Croydon. 

Married. Bricklayer. Res., 40 Bredon Rd., Addis. Enl., 23 

Nov., '14. D., 27 Mar., '17, Khanyunas, Palestine, of wounds 

reed. prev. day. 
Clarke, Frank Percy, Bdr., R.F.A 

b., S. Norwood, 19 Oct., '88 ; s., Samuel & Sarah Clarke, 5 Sydney 

Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Birchanger Rd. Sch., S. Norwood. 

Married ; i child. Labourer empl. by L.B. & S.C.R. Served 

for 6 yrs. in R.W.S. Regt. before the war. Re-enl., 3 Nov., '14. 

Fell, St. Quentin, 5 Jul., '17. (Plate V., 3). 
Clarke, H. B., Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. W. A. Clarke, 39 Tamworth Rd., Croydon. 

Married, Parish Ch., Croydon, 16 Jun., '17. Enl., Oct., '16. 

Fell, 31 Jul., '17. 
Clarke, H. J., Pte., R.W.S. Regt 

Postman. Enl., Aug., '14. Fell, Jun., '15. 
Clarke, Hugh Martin, Lt., Lond. Regt. 

b., 25 Feb., '89 ; s., George William Clarke (Town Clerk, Stepney). 

Educ , Whitgift G. Sch., '01-07 : took his degree at Clare Coll., 

Camb., '11 ; called to the bar (Middle Temple), '12. Married. 

Commis., Jun., '13. Fell, France, 27 Sept., '15. 
Clarke, John Gay, Capt., 9 R. Suss. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Stephenson Clarke, West Hoathly, Sussex, 

formerly of Croydon. Fell, France, Sept., '15. 
Claydon, Ernest Digby, Signaller, 1/17 Lond. Regt. 

b., Camberwell, 9 Nov., '98. Educ, Mina Rd. Schs., Old Kent Rd., 

Lond. Single. Clerk (Civ. Serv.). Enl., 17 Jan., '17. 
Claydon, S., 21 14, Pte., E. Sur, Regt. 

Fell, '16. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 279 

Clayton, Keith Herbert, Lt., i Camb. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. T. G. Clayton, 2 Bedford PL, Croydon. Res., 
Newlands Lodge, Caterham. Fell, 22 Aug., '18. 

Cleaver, G. J., 7792, Pte., K.R.R.C. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '16. 

Clement, Frederick, Pte., Aust. I.F. 

b., '83 ; y.s., John & Mary Clement, 4 Sumner Rd., Croydon. 
Res., New S. Wales. Served through S.A. War with King's 
Liverpool Regt. Fell, Passchendaele, 12 Oct., '17. 

Cleverly, Fr.\nk, Pte., i R.W.S. Regt. 

b.. Stoke Newington, 4 Nov., '84 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Cleverly, 24 
Howl ey Rd., Croydon. Educ. at Croydon. Single. jRes., Croydon. 
Enl., about Mar., '01 ; served 8 yrs. in India. Fell in the retreat 
from Mons, 31 Oct., '14. 

Cliff, F., 41683, Pte., R. Irish Fus. 

Res., T. Heath. D., of wounds, '17. 

Clifton, William Stredder, Gnr., M.G.C. 

b., '97. Res., 37 Parson's Mead, Croydon. Enl., in 3/4 R.W.S. 
Regt , 17 May, '15. Fell, Jun., '17. 

Clive, Robert, Special Signal Boy, R.N. 

At one time chargeable to the Croydon Union ; sent to Training 
Ship " Exmouth." Lost with H.M.S. " Columbia," sunk by 
torpedo while engaged on mine sinking operations, i May, — 

Coatman, Stanley William, L/Cpl., Kensington Rif. (13 Lond. Regt.) 
b., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. William Coatman, 23 Windmill Rd., 
Crovdon Eril., '15. D. of pneumonia, at St. Pol Hosp., 
8 Nov., '18. 

Cobb, H. J., Coldstream Gds. 
Fell, '16. 

Cockram, Arthur Herbert, Pte., i Sur. Rif. (21 Lond. Regt.) 

b.. Tooting, 13 Dec, '96 ; s., Arthur Edward & Fanny Cockram, 
66 Queen's Rd., U. Norwood. Educ, Rockmount Rd. and 
Woodland Rd.Schs.,U. Norwood. Single. Telegraph messenger. 
Enl., Jan., '14. D., 22 Sept., '16, at 36 C C.S., of wounds reed, 
at High Wood, Somme, 15 Sept., '16. Buried, Meri court. 

CoE, Herbert J., Lt., Tank C. 

b., Lond., S.E., 4 Oct., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. J. Coe, 39 The 
Avenue, Kenley, Surrey. Educ, Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon, 
where he distinguished himself as a swimmer. Enl. in Middlesex 
Yeom., '13 ; served with M.G.C. in Egypt, Dardanelles, and 
Salonica. Returned to Eng. and reed, commis. in Tank C, '17 ; 
went to France, Nov., '17. Fell, nr. Lamotte-en-Santerre, 
Somme, 8 Aug., '18. 

Coldham, J., Cpl., R.E. 

b., Woodbury Cottage, Addis. Rd., Croydon. Married. Empl. 
as fitter at Croydon Gas Works. Res., 6 Enville Terrace, Carew 
Rd., T. Heath. Enl., Jun., '15. ; M.M., '18. Fell, 9 Jun.. '18. 

CoLDV^LLS, Charles Albert, 2/Lt., 108 Bde., R.F.A. 

b., 15 Jun., '9=; ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Joseph George Coldwells, 
Wallington Educ, M. Whitgift Sch., & Whitgift G. Sch.,'07-1 1 . 
Enl., in Sur. Yeom. ; gazetted to R.F.A. , Nov., '14. Fell, nr. 
Loos, 28 Sept., '15. 

Coldwells, Francis Baker. 

b., 25 Nov., '91 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Joseph George Coldwells, 
Wallington. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. ; senior scholar, Wadham 
Coll., Oxford ; instructor, Oxford O.T.C. Joined, Aug. '14 
Fell, I Jul., '16. 



28o THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

CoLDWELLS, Leonard George, Pee., Lond. Scottish (14 Lond. Regt.) 

b., 2 Nov., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Joseph George Coldweils, 
WalHngton. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '04-09. Enl., i Apr., '14. 
Fell, France. 
Cole, A. F., 202086, Pte., R.W. Kent Regt. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Cole, Charles Stanley George, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

b., '99. Res., 9 Amersham Rd., Croydon. Enl., Aug., '14. 
D., 13 Oct., '16, of wounds reed. 9 Oct., '16. 
Cole, G., 474095, Pte., Lond. Regt. 
Res., W. Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Cole, J., 12824, Pte., Yorks. Regt. (?) 

Fell, '16. 
Cole, W. S. 

D. of wounds, 23 Nov., '15. 
CoLEBROOK, Albert Charles, Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Colebrook, 8 Haling Rd., Croydon. 
Educ, Bering PI. Sch., Croydon. Enl., Aug., '14 ; served 2^ 
yrs. in France. D. of wounds reed., i Dec, '17, at Cambrai. 
Coleman, Edwin Arthur, Sapper, R.E. 

b., Croydon, 15 Aug., '95 ; s., late Mr., & Mrs. Coleman, 
2 Longley Rd., Croydon. Educ, Woodside Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Enl., 19 Nov., '14. D. at his res., 2 Longley Rd., 
Croydon, 26 Aug., '19. 
Coleman, William, Rflmn., R.B. 

b., Woodside, S. Norwood, 30 Aug., '92 ; s., Tom & Elizabeth 
Ellen Coleman, 48 Stanger Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Woodside 
and Portland Rd. Schs., S. Norwood. Married. Butcher. Res., 

9 Morland Bldgs., Earl St., Westminster. Enl., 23 Jan., '17. 
D., 26 Aug.,'17, in 17 C.C.S., of wounds reed., Menin Rd., Ypres, 
two days prev. Buried, nr. Poperinghe. 

Collett, p. F., 16220, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 
Res., Addis. Fell, '16. 

CoLLiNGS, E. D. A., 2/Lt., R.W.S. Regt. 
Fell, '16. 

Collins, Dennis, Bdr., R.F.A. 

b , 51 Leighton St., Croydon, 27 Sept., '90 ; s., Thomas & Laura 
M. Collins, 28 Napier Rd., Croydon. Educ, St. Mary's (R.C.) 
Sch., Croydon. Single. Labourer, empl. on railway work. Enl., 

10 Apr., '12 ; M.M., '16. Fell, nr. Arras, 14 May, '17. Buried, 
Arras. 

Collins, Edwin James, Pte., 2/5 Lincoln. Regt. 

b., 9 Keen's Rd., Croydon, 26 Oct., '98 ; s., D. G. & E. C. Collins, 

16 Edridge Rd., Croydon. Educ, St. Andrew's Sch., Croydon. 

Single. Porter. Ek/., 4 Sept., '16. £)., 27 Sept., '17, at 47 C.C.S., 

France, of wounds reed, at Messines prev. day. Buried, Oost 

Vleteren, N. of Poperinghe. (Plate V., 4). 
Collins, Frank A., Pte., M.G.C. 

b., '83. Married. Clerk, Croydon Gas Co., since 99. Enl. 

in E. Sur. Regt., '16. Fell, 24 Apr., '17. 
Collins, Harold George, Lt., R.F.C. 

b., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. D. George Collins, Shirley Park, Croydon. 

Educ, Wellingborough Coll. Enl., as pte. in E, Kent Regt., '14 ; 

commis. in R.A.S.C. ; transf. to R.F.C, '16. Fell, 9 Apr., '17. 
Collins, L., 27321, Pte., Suff. Regt. 

Fell, *i6. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 281 

CoLLYER, William John, Pee., 1/6 Black Watch. 

b., S. Norwood, 15 Sept., '87. Educ, Birchangar Rd. Sch., 
S. Norwood. Married. Compositor. Res., 20 Park Rd., 
S. Norwood. Enl., '16. Fell, 26 Oct., '18. 

CoLTMAN, Victor Joseph, Pte., R. Suss. Regt. 

s , Mr. & Mrs. James Coltman, 20 West St., Croydon. Married ; 
3 children. Res., 39 Wandle Rd., Croydon. Enl., 16 Aug., '16. 
Fell, France, 3 May, '17. 

Comber, John, 1907, Pte., 1/15 Lond. Regt. 

b., Sydney, N.S.W., lo Aug., '94 ; e.s., William J B. & Clara L. 
Comber, 44 Cotford Rd., T. Heath. Educ, privately. Single. 
Civil servant. £■«/. in Terrs, before war. Missing, 20 Dec, '15, 
after enemy raid on Hohenzollern Redoubt ; presumed killed. 

Comber, William, Pte., 15 Lond. Regt. 

b., Sydney, N.S.W., 23 Apr., '97 ; y.s., William J. B. 8c Clara L. 
Comber, 44 Cotford Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Winterbourne Rd. 
Sch., T. Heath, & Whitgift G. Sch. (scholarship). Single. 
Clerk at Lloyd's. Enl., Oct., '15. D., lo Apr., '17, at 3 Can, 
C.C.S., Belgium, of wounds reed. prev. day. Buried, Lipsenthoek. 

Comley, Edgar C, Lt., R. Mun. Fus. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Comley, Croydon. Awarded M.C., Oct., '17. 
D. as result of an accident, 27 Sept., '18. 

CoMPTON, Neville George, 2/Lt., 13 Worcester Regt. 

h., 22 Dec, '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Richard Webb Compton, 
Warwick Lodt^e, Redhil!, formerly of 37 Ashburton Rd., Addis. 
Dental student. 

Constable, Leonard Albert Longman, Seaman, R.N. 

b., Farnborough, 8 Jan., '98 ; s., John & Georgina Constable, 
66 Saxon Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. 
Heath. Single. Grocers' boy. Joined, 2 Mar., '14. Lost, with 
H M.S. " Hampshire," sunk nr. Orkney Islands, 5 Jun., '16 

Conway, Guy, 2/Lt., 11 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. C. Conway, 344 Lr. Addis. Rd., Croydon. 
Educ, Bedford House Sch., Croydon. Single. Res., 46 Inglis 
Rd., Croydon. Enl., as trooper in Sur. Yeom., 23 Oct., '14 ; 
trained with O.T.C., at Corpus Christi Coll., Camb. Fell, Bel- 
gium, 29 Sept., '18. 

Cook, Arthur B., Pte., Hants. Regt. 

b., Brighton, 21 Sept., '81 ; s., William Richard 8c Frances L. 
Cook, 4 Alexandra PI., S. Norwood. Educ, Brighton. Single, 
EjiL, Mar., '15. D. of wounds, 19 C.C.S., France, 28 May, '17. 

Cook, Francis John Richard, Pte., Lond. Scottish (14 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Yorks., '97. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. jRes. with his guardians, 
William Buttle, & Rev. W. F. Buttle, 3 Upper Grove, S. Nor- 
wood. Bank clerk. Enl., '16. Fell, France, Nov., 'i6. 

Cook, George, L/Cpl., Seaforth H. 

b; '95 ; y-S; Mr. & Mrs. S. Cook, 25 Birchanger Rd., S. Norwood. 
Enl., Sept., '14. D. of wounds, 21 Nov., '16. 

Cook, James, Lond. Scottish (14 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Heme Hill, '81 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. James Cook, " Woodvale," 
Beddington Gdns. Educ, City of Lond. Sch., & King's Coll. 
Enl., '14. D. of wounds, Oct., '15. 

Cook, Leslie George, Pte., 3 Middlesex Regt. 

b., Clapham, 20 Jun., '95 ; s., William & Susannah Cook, 71 
Hampton Rd., Croydon. Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Butcher. Enl., Jan., '15. Fell, Loos, 25 Sept., '15. 

CooKi:, Edw.^rd Ralph, Pte., H A.C. 

b., 16 Mar., '79 ; s., Mr. ik Mrs. Alfred E. Cooke, Carshalton. 
iiJ«c,, Whitgift G. Sch., '92-94. Married, /ies., Reading. Fell,'!-]. 



282 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Cooke, Harold George, L/Cpl., i R.W.S. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Cooke, 50 Rymer Rd.. Addis. Enl., '11 . Fell, 
31 Oct., '14. 

CooMBER, W. A., Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

Res., 26 Lancing Rd., Croydon. Fell, 25 Jul., '16. 

Coombs, William Henry, Sgt., R.A.S.C. (M.T.) 

b., Brixton, 8 May, '83 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Coombs, 13 Howberry 
Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Beulah Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Married'- 
2 sons. Furniture salesman. Res., Sandfield Rd., T. Heath. 
Acted as Spec. Const, before enlisting. Enl., 7 Jun., '15. D., 
29 Mar., '18, at 8 Stat. Hosp., Wimereux, of wounds recd.prev.day. 

Cooper, C, Pte., 3/4 R.W.S. Regt. 
Fell, '16. 

Cooper, Charles George Daniel, 12231, Pte., q Dev. Regt. 

h., Caterham, 25 Aug., '88 ; s., George Charles F. & Elizabeth A. 
Cooper, II Southsea Rd., Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Railway shunter. i?es., Nuneaton, Warwick- 
shire. Enl., I Sept., '14. Fell, Ypres, 26 Oct., '17. 

Cooper, Clarence E. Nooth, Lt., Lincoln. Regt. (attd. R.F.C.) 

b.. Putney, 7 May, '01 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. George C. Nooth Cooper, 
107 8. Norwood Hill. £"(/«£., Whitgift G. Sch. Single. Traveller 
for firm of wire rope makers. £■«/., in 9 Lond Regt. (Q.V.Rif.), 
Oct., '14 ; commis., Feb., '15. Killed by fall from a kite bal- 
loon through parachute failing to open, nr. Montauban, Somme. 
16 Sept., *i6. 

Cooper, F. C, Cpl., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., '87. Manager of Messrs. Price & Sons, wine merchants. 
Fell, France, 1 Jul., '16. 

Cooper, Francis Mordaunt (Frank M.), Sgt., Lond. Regt. 

b., Croydon, '97 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Dunham Cooper, " Campbell," 
Blenheim Cres., S. Croydon. Educ, T. Heath Sch., & Elmhurst 
Coll. Served in France, Mar. '15 to Jan., '17. Fell, Ypres, 18 
Jan., '17. 

Cooper, Francis Nicholas Nooth, Lt., R.A.S.C. (attd. S.W.B.) 

b., Sudbury, nr. Harrow, 22 Oct., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. George 
Nooth Cooper, 107 S. Norwood Hill. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch, 
Single. £■«/., as pte., in L.R.B. , Sept. ,'14 ; served at Dardanelles, 
on Suez Canal defences, & in Mesopotamia, Fell, nr. Cambrai, 
France, 21 Nov., '17. 

Cooper, Frederick William Augustus, Pte., Gren. Gds. 

s., late Mr. William Cooper, & Mrs. King, Selhurst Rd., S. Nor- 
wood. Married ; i child. Solicitor. Enl., Dec, '14. Fell, 27 
Aug., '18. 

Cooper, Harry, Driver, R.W.S. Regt, 

b., '96. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Res., 72 Pawson's 
Rd., Croydon. Enl., Sept., '14. D., 14 Jul., '16, at Cannes, of 
wounds reed, in France, i Jul., '16. 

Coote, George H., Pte., R. Suss. Regt. 

b., '98. Res., 28 Sandown Rd., S. Norwood. Enl., 30 Aug., *i6. 
Fell, '17, 

COPPIN, Richard A., Capt., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 14 Apr., '97 ; s., Mr, & Mrs. Richard Henry Coppin, Addington. 
Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '10-14, Single. Enl., as pte., in 
Artists Rif., Jan., '15 ; commis., Dec, '15 ; Capt., Nov,, '16. 
Fell, France, 12 Apr,, '17. 

Corbett, J. A., 81037, R.F.A. 

Res., Addis, D. of wounds, '17. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 283 

CoRDOCK, F. G., Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., '93. Educ, Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. Married, Mar., 
'18, Miss A. Grantham, of Selhurst New Rd., S. Norwood. Enl., 
Sept., '14 ; et;., Ypres, Apr., '15, & Loos, Sept., '15. Fell, France, 
20 May, '18. 

CoRDREY, Harold Courtney, Cpl., 10 R. Fus. 

h., Southwark, 7 Feb., '94 ; s., Arthur & Virginia Cordrey, 
" Ravenswood," Oakfield Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. 
Single. Traveller. Enl., Aug., '14. Fell, Pozieres, 15 Jul., '16. 

CoRKE, Guy H.'vrold, 2/Lt., Northd. Fus. 

b., 23 Nov., '90 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Benjamin Corke, Wimborne Rd., 
Bournemouth. Educ., Aberdeen G. Sch., & Whitgift G. Sch., 
'02-09 < open Science Scholarship, Camb., '08; B.A., Camb., 
'11. Ment. in despatches, 13 Jul., '16. 

CoRNHiLL, George Henry Lewis. 

b., '94 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Cornhill, " Lyndale," Tamworth Rd., 
Croydon. Aero employment in France. D. from pneumonia and 
septic poisoning, 21 Oct., '18. 

Cornish, Robert Fenton, Pte., Middlesex Regt. 

b., Earlswood, 4 Mar., '82. Married. Sign writer. Res., 6 
Naseby Rd., U. Norwood. Enl., 14 Aug., '16. Fell, Monchy 
le Preux, 23 Apr., '17. Buried in Mil. Cem., between Heninel 
and Croisilles. 

CoRRY, John Beaumont, Major, R.E. 

b., '75 ; 2nd s., late Mr. John Corry, of Park Hill Rd., Croydon, 
a member of Croydon County Bench, and Mrs. Corrv. Joined 
army, '94 ; served in N.W. Frontier. India, '97-98, Tirah cam- 
paigns, Waran Valley, etc. ; awarded D.S.O. and ment. in 
despatches for service at capture of Fort Nodiz, Meckran, '01. 
Fell, 5 Nov., '14. 

CosEDGE, Percival George Allen, E. Sur. Regt, 

b.,'y8. Twice married ; i son & i daughter. Managing clerk to 
firm of Lond. solicitors. Res., Estcourt Rd., Woodside. Memb. 
of Croydon Nat. Res. and i Sur. Rif ; has won many prizes 
for shooting. Elected to Croydon Boro. Council, '12. D at 
8 C.C.S., of wounds reed. 16 Dec, '14. (For portrait see list 
of Illustrations). 

Cothill, C, 2080, L/Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 
Taken pris,, believed dead. 

Cottle, Stephen John, A.B. Seaman, R.N 

Married. Res., 2 Priory Rd., W. Croydon. Served on H.M.S . 
" Jason " (mine-sweeper). Killed, 3 Apr., '17. 

Cotton, William Frank, 8 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 19 Oct., '87 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Charles Cotton, 57 Sangley Rd., 
S. Norwood. Educ., Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Horticultural builder. Res., 240 S. Norwood Hill. Enl., Sept.; 
'14. Fell, Delville Wood, Somme, 2 Sept., '16. 

CouLDREY, Douglas John, 2/Lt., 24 Lond. Regt. 

b., Lewisham, 5 May, '94 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Couldrey, " Holm 
Croft," Lansdowne Rd., Croydon. Educ, Sevenoaks G. Sch., 
and Denstone Coll., Staffordshire. Single. Commercial trav. 
Enl., Sept., '14, in W. Kent Yeom. D. of wounds, Beersheba, 
31 Oct., '17. (Plate VIII. , s). 

CoviLL, G., Pte., Middlesex Regt. 
Fell, 31 Aug., '16. 

Covi^LiN, H., Cpl., L.R.B. (s Lond. Regt.) 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '96-02. Fell, France, i Jul., '16. 



284 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Cox, Albert Edward, Pte., 14 R. Irish Rif. 

b., Croydon, 1 Feb., '98 ; y.s., Fred. & Annie Cox, 118 White- 
horse Rd., Croydon. Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon, and 
Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon. Single. Empl. in accountant's office, 
L.B.&S.C.R. £■«/. in 23 Lond. Regt., Sept., '14. Z). of wounds, 
53 C.C.S., France, 21 Apr., '17. (Fiate VII., 4). 
Cox, G. H., Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Res., T. Heath. Fell, '16. 
Cox, William, K.R.R.C. 

Enl., Sept., '14. Fell, '15. 
Cozens, Cyril Percy, Rflmn., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. P. J. Cozens, 4 Carevv Rd., T. Heath. 
Educ, Westminster Sch. Single. Clerk, County & Westminster 
Bank. Eril., Jul., '17. Fell, 11 Oct.. '18. 
Cozier, A., 22619, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '17. 
Crabb, Norman Frank, Pte., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., W. Norwood, 18 Feb., '90 ; s., Thomas & Martha Crabb, 72 
Parchmore Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Beulah Rd. Sch., T. Heath, 
and Battersea Polytechnic. Single. Clerk. Enl., i Oct., '15. 
Fell, Gommecourt, i Jul., '16. 
Craig, Joseph Kerr, Rflmn., Civil Serv. Rif. (15 Lond. Regt.) 
Cr.\ne, Frank, Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Deptford, 17 Jun., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Crane, 17 Alpha Rd,, 
Croydon, iif^/jfc, Scarbrook Rd. Sen., Croydon. Single. Empl. 
by L.B. & S.C.R. Enl., 23 Nov., '14. Fell, between Monchy 
and Chinery, France, 3 May, '17. 
Cranston, Henry James, Rflmn., K.R.R.C. 

b., I St. John's Rd., Croydon, 24 Jun., '92 ; s., Harry & Harriet 
Alice Cranston, St. John's Rd., Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., 
Croydon. Married. Empl. as roundsman by Messrs. Sainsbury. 
Enl., 25 Apr., '16 ; w., France, Sept., '16. P^ell, 17 Feb., '17. 
■Craven, Brian Thornthwaite, 2/Lt., R.F.A. (Trench Mortar Bty.) 

b., '86. Empl. by Messrs. Robert Schwarzenbach, of Alder- 
manburv, E.C. Enl. as pte. in Lond. Scott. ; commis., Aug., '15 . 
Fell, I Jul., '16. 
Creek, Stanley Alister, Act.-Coy.Sgt.Maj., 1/20 Lond. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 29 Mar., '91 ; s., late J. H. Sc Catharine Creek, 
48 Clyde Rd., Croydon. Educ, Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon, and 
Goldsmith's Coll., Univ. of Lond. Single. Schoolmaster. Enl., 
23 Aug., '14. Fell, High Wood, Somme, 15 Sept., 'i6. (Plate 
VII., 6). 
Crisp, F., Pte. 

Married ; 2 children. Greengrocer. Res., Queen's Rd., Croy- 
don. D. from bronchitis, '17. 
Crittenden. Frederick, 2/Lt., R.G.A. 

6., '80. Married, Lily Thornton ; 2 sons. Headmaster of Ingram 
Rd. Sch.,T. Heath ; prev. asst.mast. Beulah Rd. Sch., T. Heath. 
Connected with Elem. Sch. Athletic Assoc, and George St. Cong. 
Sunday Sch. ; first head of Evening Inst, at Whitgift G. Sch. ; 
was an Inspector in Special Constabulary. Enl., in Inns of 
Court O.T.C., Nov., '15 ; gazetted to R.G.A. , Sept., '16. D. at 
King's Coll. Hosp. from illness contracted on active service, 
7 Sept., '17. 
Croft, W., 18938, Pte., K.R.R.C. 

Fell, '16. 
Crofts, Eric. 

b., '97 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Crofts, 6 The Exchange, Lond. Rd., 
T. Heath. Fell, 27 Mar., '18. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 285 

Cropley, T R., SRt., Q.W. Rif. (16 Lond. Regt.). 
Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Fell, 27 Nov., '17. 

Cropp, John, Pte., A.C.C. 

Married ; i child. Empl. by Messrs. Hardy, bookbinders, Lond. 
Rd., Croydon. Res., 19 Pawson's Rd., Croydon. Enl., Jul., '15 ; 
served 2 yrs. in Salonica. JD.from pneumonia, Salonica, 28 Nov.'iS. 

Cross, Samuel George, Driver, 36 Div. R.F.A. 

h., Bowbrickle, 6 Sept., '75. Educ, Brighton Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Married. Labourer. Res., Beulah Rd., T. Heath. Enl., 26 Apr., 
'15. B'ell, France, 24 Apr., '17. 

Crouch, Leonard Albert, Pte., 8 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., 30 Eland Rd., Croydon, 4 Jul., '86 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. 
Crouch, 64 Lr. Addis. Rd., Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., 
Croydon. Married; i child. Baker's iourne\TTian. Res., 205 
Gloucester Rd., Croydon. Enl., 3 Jun., '16. Fe//, Belgium, 
12 Oct., '17. 

Crowhurst, John Moses, Coy.Sgt.Maj., R.W.S. Regt. 

6., '80. Married. Empl. by L.B.&S.C.R. i?f5., 64 Tamworth 
Rd., Croydon. Served in S.A. War with E. Sur. Regt ; went to 
France, '14, fighting in battles of Aisne, Marne and Mons. Fell, 
21 Aug., '16. 

Crowley, John Cyril, Capt., 4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 2 Dec, '77 ; s., A. Charles & Florence Mar^' Crowley, 
" Woodlands," Coombe Rd., Croydon. Educ, Wimborne, and 
Keble Coll., Oxford ; M.A., '99. Single. Member of firni of 
A. C. S. & H. Crowley, brewers ; represented the Central Ward 
on Croydon Boro. Council from Jan., '09 to Oct., '15. Joined, 
4 R.W.S. Regt., '06, as 2/Lt. ; served in India and Mesopot- 
amia. Fell, Nasiriyeh, 11 Sept., '16. (Plate VHL, 4). 

Crowlin, Horace, Rflmn., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., 13 Dec, '83 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Crowlin, "Elmwood," Mitcham. 
Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '96-02. Fell on live bomb to save his 
fellows, and was killed. 

Crozier, Ernest John, Pte., 8 R. Berks. Regt. 

b., Anerlev, s Aug., '97 ; s., John William & Louisa Crozier, 61 
Denmark Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Portland Rd. Sch., S. Nor- 
wood. Single. Printer. Enl., 15 Sept., '14. Fell, between 
Vermelles & La Eassee, 25 Sept., '15. 

Cudmore, W., Pte. 

b., '96. Res., 1 14 Wellesley Rd., Croydon. Served at Dardanelles, 

Egypt, and Palestine. Fell, Jerusalem, 28 Dec, '17. 
CuLLis, Alfred, 41667, Rflmn., R. Irish Rif. 

Empl. at one time by Messrs. Nalder & Collyer, brewers, Croydon. 

Member of St. Mark's, S. Norwood, C.L.B. Fell, France, 16 

Aug., '17. 
Culver, John Harold, Pte., Gordon H. 

b., Croydon, 21 Feb., '84 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. J. Culver, 285 Lond. 

Rd., Croydon. Educ, Brit. Sch., Croydon, & M. Whitgift Sch. 

Married. Engineer. i?es., Toronto, Canada. Fc//, 26 Sept., '16. 
CuMMiNGS, Henry George Albert, Cpl., 8 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 23 Senegal Rd., S.E., 19 Nov., '92 ; s , James Henry & Emma 

Harriet Cummings, 19 Kynaston Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Eccles- 

bourne Rd. Sch., T. Heath, & Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon. Single. 

School teacher. Enl., 12 Oct., '14. Fell, Loos, 25 Sept., '15. 
CuRRiE, Brian. 

b., '05. Res., 12 Beech House Rd., Croydon. Killed, during 

Zeppelin raid, Oct., '15. 



286 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

CuRRiE, Gordon. 

b., 'oo. Res., 12 Beech House Rd., Croydon. Killed, during 

Zeppelin raid, Oct., '15. 
CuRRiE, Roy. 

b., '01. Res., 12 Beech House Rd., Croydon. Killed, during 

Zeppelin raid, Oct., '15. 
CuRTiES, D. T. Lees. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Lees Curties, "Glenesk," Brigstock Rd,, T. Heath. 

D., on active service, 24 Oct., '18. 
Curtis, A., 1427, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Fell, '16. 
Curtis, Robert, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Bourne St., Croydon ; s., William & Elizabeth Curtis, 39 Old 

Town, Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon (?). Married. 

House decorator. Res., 69 Boro. Hill, Croydon. Enl., 3 Dec, 

'14. Fell, Loos, 25 Sept., '16. 
CuTHBERT, A. E., Pte., I R.W. Kent Regt. 

5., Mr. Si Mrs. Cuthbert, 11 Percy Rd., S. Norwood. Enl., 

Jan., '15. Missing, believed killed, Somme, 22 Jul., '16. 
Cutler, H. A., Lt., M.G.C. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Missing, '18. 
Dady, J. A., 392878, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

Res., Norwood. Fell, '17. 
Daisley, a., 1232, Pte,, R. Fus. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Dale, E. H., Gnr., R.G.A. 

b., '91 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. E. H. Dale, 17 Henderson Rd., Croydon. 

Enl., '09 ; was serving in China at outbreak of war. Fell, France, 

28 Mar., '18. 
Dalziel, Tom, Sgt., Artists Rif. (28 Lond. Regt.) 

6., '78 ; 2Wfi?5., Mr. & Mrs. J. R. Dalziel, 12 Bramley Hill, Croydon. 

Enl., Sept., '14. Fell, 29 Oct., '17. 
Daniel, A., Essex Regt. 

Educ, High Sch., Croydon. Fell, France, 4 Oct., '17. 
Daniels, J., 550, Pte., R. Suss. Regt. 

Res., Addis. Fell, '16. 
Daragon, W., 20328, Pte., R. Suss. Regt. 

Res., W. Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Darg, David Bruce, 24305, Pte., Gren. Gds. 

b., Jarvis Rd., Croydon, 21 Aug., '81 ; s., late Mark James & 

Harriott Darg. Educ, Brighton Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. 

Milkman. Enl.,'is. Fell, Somme, 25 Sept., '16. 
Davies, E. T., Yeoman of Signals, R.N. 

Married. Fell, on H.M.S. " Formidable," '15. 
Davies, Harold Harper, Pte. 

b., Stockwell, 29 Sept., '90. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Married. 

Clerk. i?e5., " St. Omer," Norman Av., Sanderstead. Enl., Apr. 

'16. Fell, Ypres, 23 Jul., '17. 
Davies, J. J., Pte., 17 Scott. Rif. 

b., Gloucester Rd., Croydon, '94. Married ; i child. Labourer, 

empl. by L.B. & S.C.R. D. from influenza in Oakbank War 

Hosp., Glasgow, Feb., '19. 
Davies, James Gordon, Capt., lo Welsh Regt. 

fe., 29 Mar., '91 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. James John Davies. Educ, 

Whitgift G. Sch. & Camb. Univ., which he represented in boxing 

and gymnastics. D. of wounds, France, 10 Feb., '16. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 287 

Davis, Albert Charles, Lt., R.A.F. 

b., Dulwich, n Jun., '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. C. H. Davis, 73 Limes 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, St. Xavier's Coll., Calcutta. Single. 
Traveller. Mobilised with R.N.V.R. as seaman, 4 Aug., '14 ; 
served at Antwerp ; transf. to R.N.A.S., in which he obtained 
commis., becoming flight instructor. Killed, while flying at 
Cranwell Aerodrome, Lincolnshire, 28 Jun., '18. Buried, Queen's 
Rd. Cem., Croydon. (Plate XI., 4). 

Davis, Edward James, 4193, Pte., i R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 31 Bynes Rd., Croydon, 16 Jun., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Daniel 
Davis, Bynes Rd., Croydon. Educ, Bynes Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Electrician. ' Enl., 13 Jan., '15. Fell, nr. Bethune, 
I Nov., '15. 

Davis, F., 4754, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Fell, '16. 
Davis, Herbert Chope, Act.-Squadron Q.M.Sgt., M.G.C. (Cavalry) 

b., Croydon, 11 Aug., '88 ; s., Herbert Sc Eliza Leah Davis, 86 

Oakfield Rd., Croydon. Educ, High Sch., Croydon. Single. 

Empl. on Post Office Engrs. Staff. Enl., as trooper in 3 Lond. 

Yeom., Mar., '14 ; M.M. for services at fall of Beersheba. Fell, 

Moalsaka, Syria, 28 Oct., '18. 
Davis, Hubert Edward. 

Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. 
Davis, Leopold, Cpl., R.E. 

b., II Jul., '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Leopold Frederick Davis, 312 

Lond. Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '02-08 ; B.Sc, 

Lond. 
Davis, Lewis Henshell, Pte., i E. Sur. Regt, 

b., Croydon, 20 May, '78. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Married. 

Clerk. Terr. Force Efficiency Med. Enl., 11 Sept., '14. 

D., 26 Mar., '15, at Bailleul, of wounds reed, at Wulverghem. 
Davis, Maurice Oliver Arthur (Guy), 2/Lt., Lond. Regt. 

b.y Birchanger Rd., S. Norwood, 28 Sept., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 

Davis, " Teighmore," Grange Rd., Sutton. Educ, Albert Rd., 

S. Norwood, & Asher Sch., Hatcham. Single. Civil Service 

clerk. Enl., as pte., '16. D., 28 Feb., '18, of wounds reed, at 

Ypres, 23 Feb., '18. 
Davison, Robert Arthur Poole, Pte., 1/7 Lond. Regt. 

b., 31 May, '88 ; s., Mr. Sc Mrs. Robert Arthur Poole Davison. 

28 Balfour Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '01-05. 

Fell, France, 25 Sept., '15. 
Daw, R. W., Pte., i R. Fus. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '03-07. Missing, '16. 
D.\wsoN, Claude, Pte., i E. Kent Regt. 

b., Teddington, 8 Aug., '97 ; 2nd s., Mr. & Mrs. Charles William 

Dawson, 32 Avondale Rd., Croydon. Educ, Caterham Sch. 

Single. Audit clerk, S.E. & C.R. Enl. in R.G.A., 23 May, 

'16. Fell, France, 4 Mar., '17. (Plate V., 2). 
Dawson, Wilfred Leedham, 2/Lt., R. War^vick. Regt. 

e.s., Mr. & Mrs. William Alfred Dawson, 6 Birdhurst Rise, 

Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Day, George William, Pte., 194 Coy., M.G.C. 

b., S. Norwood, 9 Sept., '97 ; s., George & Ellen Day, 32 Percy 

Rd., S. Nor\vood. Educ, Birchanger Rd. Sch., S. Norwood. 

Single. Butcher's roundsman. Enl., Jun., '16. Fell, France, 
5 Aug., '17. 



288 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Day, Harold, Cpl. 

h., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. E. Day, 9 Ringwood Rd., Croydon. 
Educ, Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. Awarded Belgian Croix 
de Guerre for gallantry and devotion to duty at Ypres, 31 Jul.,- 
I Aug., '17. 

Day, Horace Ernest, Rflmn., K.R.R.C. 

b., 23 Edward Rd., Crovdon, 20 Mav, '98 ; s., Herbert & Nellie 
Day, 98 Cherry Orchard Rd., Croydon. Educ, Oval Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Clerk. Res., 15 Leslie Park Rd., Croydon. 
Enl., 6 Sept., '14. D., 15 Apr., '17, at 48 C.C.S., Bray, of wounds 
reed. nr. Peronne, 4 Apr., '17. 

Day, Walter Daniel. 44720, Rflmn., R.Irish Rif. 

h., 25 Mar., 'oo. Educ, S. Norwood. Married. Clerk. 
Res., 147 Portland Rd., S. Norwood. Served 8 yrs. as Terr, in 
R.W.S. Regt. ; transf. first to Lond. Regt., then to R.E. ; served 
at Gallipoli, 'i=;-i6; ret. home, time-expired. Mar., '16 ; re- 
joined R. Irish Rif., 10 Jun., '16. Fell, 27 Mar., '18. 

Deacon, Walter, L/Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

^•) '93 ; 6.S., Mr. & Mrs Deacon, 27 Newark Rd., Croydon. 
Enl., 4 Sept., '14. Taken pris., 16 Nov., '16. D., Cambrai, 28 
Feb., '17. Buried, Notre Dame Cem., Cambrai. 

Dean, Cyril, R.F.A. 

b., '99. Educ, High Sch., Croydon. D. of pneumonia, France. 
'17. 

Dean, Frederick Thomas, Pte., 1/6 Lond. Regt. 

b., 27 Dec, '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. G. H. Dean, 11 Sissinghurst Rd., 
Addis. Educ, Holbeach Rd. Sch., Catford, & St. Dunstan's Coll., 
Catford. Single. Insurance clerk. Enl., 24 May, '15, in 

4 R.W.S. Regt. Fell, Cambrai, 30 Nov., '17. 
Dean, H. F., 32140, Pte., 9 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., 24 Gilbert Rd., Kensington, 21 Nov., 96; s., Henrv George 

& Emily Ann Dean, 40 Windsor Rd., T. Heath. Educ, St. 

Philip's, Kensington, Christ Ch. Sch., Croydon, & Ecclesbourne 

Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Single. Electrician. £•«/., Aug., '17, 
' W. & Missing, 21 Mar., '18. 

Dean, ,T. N., 81373, Pte., M.G.C. 

Res., E. Croydon. D. of wounds, '17. 
Dean, R., 24368, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Res., Croydon. D. of wounds, '17. 
Dee, H. W., Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '16. 
Deeley. J., 30300, Gnr., R.F.A. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Dellaway, a., 12139, Pte., E. Kent Regt. 

Res., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 
De Luc, Arthur Bernard, 4261, Rflmn., K.R.R.C. 

b., 4.4 Millman St., Lond., W.C. ; s., Mr. & Mrs. De Luc, 

5 Elmers Rd., Woodside. Educ, Woodside Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Butcher's asst. Enl., 22 Jul., '15. Fell, Thiepval 
3 Sept., '16. 

Delvaille, Ernest Henry, Sgt., R.A.S.C. (M.T.), attd. R.F.A. 

b., Stratford, E., 7 Dec, '94 ; s., late Daniel Alfred & Henrietta 
Delvaille, 13 Nicholson Rd., Croydon. Educ, Beulah Hill, U. 
Norwood. Single. Chaffeur. Enl., Feb., '15 ; w., nr. Ypres, 
Jul., '16. D. of consumption due to exposure while on active 
service in Italy, 5 Aug., '19. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 289 

Delvaille. Stanley Hilton, L/Cd1., 2 R.W.S. Re^. 

h., Stratford, E., 2 Mar., 'g6 ; .?., late Daniel Alfred & Henrietta 
Delvaille, n Nicholson Rd., Croydon. Educ, Beulah Hill, U. 
Norwood. Sino^le. Chauffeur. Enl., Aug., '14 ; discharged with 
pneumonia, Feb., '15. D. of heart failure, at 13 Nicholson Rd., 
Crovdon, 14 May, '16. 

Denham, Douglas Harold, L/Cpl., 6 Lond. Regt. 

b., Ramsgate, 28 Tan., '92 ; j., Mr. & Mrs. George Denham, 41 
Avondale Rd., Croydon. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Single. 
Clerk. Enl., Aug., '14. Fell, Loos, 25 Sept., '15, 

Denman, William, Pte., R. Defence Corps. 

h., S. Croydon, 7 Feb., '68. Married. Labourer. Rex., 
87 Sutherland Rd., Croydon. Served 12 yrs. in R B. Re-enl., 
Mav. '11;. D., Salisbury, 22 Jul., '17. 

Dennett, T. F. P. T., 2/Lt., RW.S. Regt. (attd. R.F.C.) 

b., '95 ; .T., Mr. & Mrs. Frank Dennett, Croydon, & Pett, Hastings. 
Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Med. Student, Guy's Hosp., Lond. 
Enl., as trooper in Sur. Yeom., '14 ; served with 29 Div. at 
Dardanelles and France; commis., 19 Dec, '16. Z). of wounds 
reed, in France, while engaged as observer, 4 Aug., '17. 

Denning, Albert S., Pte., W. Yorks. Regt. 

b., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Denning, 10 Sutherland Rd., Croydon. 
£'(ij<c., Tavistock Grove Sch., Croydon. Single. Empl in machine 
dept., " Croydon Advertiser." Enl., 3 Oct., '17. Fell, France, 
13 Oct., '18. 

Dennis. F., 7091, Pte., Ox. & Bucks. L.L 
Res., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 

Dennis, Frederick William, Lond. Irish Rif. (2/18 Lond. Regt.) 

b., 109 Queen's Rd., U. Norwood, 14 Sept., '96. Educ, Rock- 
mount Rd., U. Norwood. Married. Glass stainer. Enl., 20 
Oct., 'i^;. D., Q Apr., '18, of wounds reed, at Palestine, 30 Mar., '18. 

Dennis, G., 68i;=;2, Cpl., R.F.A. 
Res.,T. Heath. Fell, '1-7. 

Dennis, Percy George Cpl. i Northd. Fus. 

b., Barnard Castle, Co. Durham, 28 Jul.. '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 
Dennis, 8 Lucerne Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Barnard Castle. 
Single, Enl., 1 Jul.. '14. Fell, 31 Dec, '17, 

Dennis. Russell, Cpl., R.M.L.I. 

b., Cornwall, 5 Sept., '89. Educ, Walmer, Kent. Married. 
Lost with H.M.S. " Hogue," 22 Sept., '14. 

Densham, Stephen Hugh, Rflmn., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., " Waldronhvrst," Croydon, '96 ; y.s., late John L., & Mrs. 
Densham, " Waldronhyrst," Croydon. Educ, Limes Sch., 
Croydon, & Dulwich Coll. Single. 'Cellist. Enl., '16. D., 10 
Dec, '17, at s6 Gen. Hosp., Etaples, of wounds reed. nr. Arras, 
2 Dec, '17. "(Plate VL, 6). 

Denver, — , Chief P.O., R.N. 

Educ, Ecclesbourne Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Fell, on H.M.S. " Are- 
thusa," Pleligoland, '14. 

Dicker, A. S., Pte., R. Fus. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Dicker, 76 Pawson's Rd., Croydon. Fell, 31 
Mar., 'i8. 

Dicker, James Horace Stanley, Trooper, 21 Lancers. 

b., 15 Jan., '02 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. J. Dicker, 6 Queen's Rd., Croydon. 
Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Crovdon. Single. Labourer. Res., 
184 Mitcham Rd., Croydon. Enl., 2-^ Jan., '12. Z)., 9 Sept., 'is;, 
at Peshawar Hosp., India, of wounds reed, at Shabkdar, N.W. 
Frontier of India, 5 Sept., '15. (Plate X., 6). 

.s 



290 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Dickson, Cyril Garlies, L.N.Lancs. Regt. 

b., 17 Apr., '90 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. James John Garlies Couper 

Dickson, " Nuthurst," Avondale Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift 

G. Sch., '01-05, & Blundell's Sch., Tiverton. Fell, E. Africa, "14. 
DiGHTON, J., 43634, Pte., Lincoln. Regt. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 
DiLLOWAY, Albert, Pte., 29 Middlesex Regt. 

b., '81. Married. Cabman. Res., St. James' Rd., Croydon. 

D. of throat disease, '16. 
DiLMOT, Frederick J., Rflmn., K.R.R.C. 

Married. Empl. at " Penge & Anerley Press " Offices. Fell, 18 

Sept., '18. 
DiNNiE, DiGBY, Pte., R. Scots. 

DiPPLE, William John, Rflmn., 1/6 Lond. Regt. 

b., Lond., 29 May, '95 ; s., Mr. & lUrs. Dipple, 17 Drum- 

mond Rd., Croydon. Educ, Dering PI. Sch., Croydon. Single. 

Butcher. Eftl. in 3/4 R.W.S. Regt., 31 May, '15. Fell, Bourlon 

Wood, 30 Nov., '17 
Dives, Robert Brammell, Gnr., R.G.A. 

b., 28 Feb., '83. Married. Foreman printer. Res., 29 Luna 

Rd., T. Heath. Enl., 24 May, '16. Fell, France, 18 Sept., '17. 
Dixon, Henry Philip Norman, 2/Lt , Northd. Fus. 

b., Croydon, '92 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Henry Dixon, " Ebenezer," 

Whitehorse Lane, S. Norwood. Single. Asst., Croydon Public 

Libraries, '06-13 I and Asst. Librn., St. Bride Tech. Lib., Lond. 

D. of wounds at Dettinglis, 4 Sept., '17, while a pris. of war. 

(Plate XXX VL, 4). 
DoBLE, Leslie Stephen Newton, 301397, Rflmn.,L.R.B.(5 Lond.Rgt.) 

b., 21 Oct., '92 ; s., William & Annie Doble, 38 Elgin Rd., Croydon. 

Educ, M. Whi'tgift Sch. Single. Bank clerk. Enl., Apr., '15 ; 

w., 16 Jun., '17. Fell, Glencorse Wood, 16 Aug., '17. 
DoDD, Arthur Cubitt, Sgt., Sur. Yeom. 

b., Rotherhithe, 21 Aug., '78 ; 5., Peter D. & M. A. Dodd, " The 

Poplars," Rolleston Rd., Croydon. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. 

Single. Clerk empl. by Messrs. Hooker & Webb. Enl., '00 ; 

Terr. Force Efficiency Med. D., 26 Oct., '15, at University 

Mil. Hosp., Southampton, of enteric fever contracted at Gallipoli. 
DoDDRELL, William Thomas, L/Cpl., i City of Lond. Rif. 

b., Brafferton Rd., Croydon, '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. M. Dodd- 

rell, 6 Mead Place, Croydon. Enl., Oct., '14. Fell, 23 Jul., '17. 

(Plate IX., 6). 
DoDDS, Herbert Alexander Christopher, 2/Lt., 3/5 York & Lanes. Rgt. 

b.. Chili, 10 Apr., '83, Educ, Royal Masonic Sch., Wood Green. 

Married. Clerk in empl. of Middlesex County Council. Enl. in 

an O.T.C., 28 May, '15. D. of pneumonia, 13 Jun., '16, at 

Northern Gen. Hosp., Sheffield. (Plate IX., i). 
Doe, Robert, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '81. Fell, I Jul., '16. 
Doody, Maurice Edgar, L/Cpl., i R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Hornsey, 15 Sept., '94 ; s., W. H. & H. L. Doody, 45 Elgin 

Rd., Croydon. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Single. Clerk. Enl., 

I Sept., '14. Fell, Mametz, 16 Jul., '16. 
Doody, Wilfred George, Bdr., 156 Bde., R.F.A. 

b., Croydon ; s., W. H. & H. L. Doodv, 45 Elgin Rd., Croydon. 

Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Married. Clerk. Enl., Feb., '15. 

Fell, Mametz, 22 Jul., '16. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 291 

DoRE, D., Cpl., M.G.C. 

b., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Dor6, " Belmont," St. Paul's Rd., T. 
Heath. Educ, Beulah Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Empl. by an engin- 
eering firm at Mitcham. Enl., 'i6 ; M.M. for braveryr 2-? 
May, '18. Fell, 23 Oct., '18. 
Douglass, Arthur William, Pte., R.A.S.C. (M.T.). 

6., Caterham, 2 0ct., '96. ^^uc, Caterham. Single. ChaufTeur. 
i?ei., 55 Sussex Rd., Croydon. £■«/., Oct., '15. /). of blackwater 
fever, Brit. E. Afr., 29 Nov., '16. 
DouTHWAiTE, A. G., Signaller, R.G.A. 

Res., 74 Pemdevon Rd., Croydon. Served with Brit. Red Cross 
for 2i yrs. Enl., 3 Apr., '17. Fell, France, 20 Mar., '18. 
DouLTON, Albert Edward John, 22281, Pte., 12 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 16 Jan., '84 ; s., Albert & Kate Doulton, 3 Cold- 
harbour Lane, Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. 
Married. Carman, i^es., 10 Queen St., Croydon £■«/,, 10 Jun., 
'16. Fell, Ypres, 21 Sept., '17. 
Dove, Sidney Herbert, A.B. Seaman, R.N. 

Educ, Bynes Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Res., 19 Bynes Rd., 
Croydon. JoinedR.n., 3 Aug., '01. Lo5f with H.M.S."Goliath," 
sunk at Dardanelles, 13 May, '15. (Plate VH., 3). 

DovEY, Thomas Daniel, Pte. 

Married ; 2 children. Empl. by Messrs. Nalder & Collyer, 
brewers, and L.B. & S.C.R. Res., 66 Old Town, Croydon. 
Enl., Oct., '14 ; w.. Loos, Sept., '15, and Somme, 'i6. Fell, 
France, 21 Mar., '18. 

DowDEN, Albert Sidney, Pte., 7 K.O.Y.L.L 

b.. Eland Rd., Croydon, 14 Dec, '94 ; y.s., Frederic Felix and 
Sarah Dowden, 93 Waddon Rd., Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Collier. Res., Wales. Enl., 4 Jun., '17. D. 
29 Nov., '17, at Rouen, of wounds reed. nr. Cambrai, 21 Nov., '17. 

Dowden, George Frank, Pte., M.G.C. 

b.. Eland Rd., Croydon, 10 Mar., '92 ; s., Frederic Felix & Sarah 
Dowden, 93 Waddon Rd., Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Metal casement maker. Res., Wolverhamp- 
ton. Enl., Aug., '15. Fell, Somme, 20 Sept., '16. 

Dowden, William Herbert John, Pte., 28 Can. Inf. 

b., Addington Rd., Croydon, 21 Dec, '84. s., Frederic Felix and 
Sarah Dowden, 93 Waddon Rd., Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Gas & hot-water fitter. Res., Moose Jaw, 
Canada. Enl , Apr., '15. Fell, Somme, 17 Sept., 'i5. 

DowLEY, Arthur William, Seaman, R.N. 

b., '80. Painter & sign writer. Res., 7 Helder St., Croydon. 
Enl., '14. Lost with H.M.S. " Vanguard," destroyed by internal 
explosion, 9 Jul., '17. 

Down, Lionel Wyndham, 21 Div. Sig. Coy., R.E. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. H. W. Down, 67 Coombe Rd., Croydon. Res , 
Croydon. Fell, France, 8 Dec, '18. 

Dray, H. W., 301602, Pte., Lond. Regt. 
Res., S. Norwood. D., '17. 

Drew. G. A , 2/Lt., Dev Regt. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Missing, '17. 

Driver, F., 201154, L/Cpl., W. Yorks. Regt. 
Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '17. 

Drysdale. Adrian Castlelaw, Pte., H.A.C. 

b., Apr., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. John William Drysdale, " Hurst- 
leigh," Howard Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. 
Fell, France, 30 Jan., '15. 



293 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Dudley, William A. Devall, Pte., 2 N.Z. (Wellington) Regt. 

2rd s., Mr. & Mrs. Dudley, 76 Sumner Rd., Croydon. Educ, 
Christ Ch. Sch., Croydon. Enl., Dec, '17 ; w. & gassed, 25 
Aug., '18. Z). at Brockenhurst Mil.Hosp., 9 Nov., '18. Buried, 
Mitcham Rd. Cem , Croydon. 

Duff, Harley Norman, Pte., Lond. Scottish (14 Lond. Regt.) 

b., 9 Jun., '16 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Norman Duff, " Bellfield," Parley. 
Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '09-12. Fell, Messines, i Nov., '14. 

Duncan, Edw^ard Wallace Bruce, Driver, R.F.A, 

b., Fulham, 10 Feb., '94. Educ., Sydenham Rd. & Whitehorse 
Rd. Schs., T. Heath. Single. Fruiterer's asst. i?e5., 27 Arundle 
Rd., Croydon. Enl., '13. D., 8 Apr., '17, at 3 Gen. Hosp., Le 
Treport, of wounds reed, i Apr., '17. 

DuNFORD, Arthur Charles, E. Bur. Regt. 

b., '96 ; 4th s., Mr. & Mrs. Dunford, 47 Parchmore Rd., T.Heath. 
D., 18 Sept., '16, of wounds reed. 3 days prev. 

Dunham, Henry George, Sgt., 7 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Bridport, Devon, 2 Feb. ,'74 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Henry S. Dunham> 
Tonbridge. Married. Ironmonger. Res., Grove Cott., St. 
John's Grove, Croydon. Enl., 11 Sept., '16. i^e//, Vermelles, 
12 Mar., '16. Buried, Hulloch. (Plate X., 5). 

Dunn, S. E., L/Cpl., R.Suss. Regt. 

b., '94 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Dunn, 47 Northbrook Rd., Croydon, 
Enl., Jan., '12 ; zv., France, 26 Sept. ,'14. D. of wounds, 25 Jul. ,'17. 

Dunn, W., Pte., R.W.S.Regt. 

e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Dunn, 45 Sumner Rd., Croydon. Fell, 15 
Sept., '16. 

Dunn, W. J., 16497, Pte., Dev. Regt. 
Fell, '16. 

Dunn, Walter Stanley, Pte., 10 R.WS. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 10 Nov., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Mary E. Dunn, 45 
Sumner Rd., Croydon. Educ, Boston Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Welder. Enl., 24 Jan., '15. Fell, Somme, 15 or 16 Sept., '16. 

Dunnett, Leonard Hugh, Sgt., K.R.R.C. 

b., Walworth, 25 Mar., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Dunnett, 53 Beulah 
Gr., W. Croydon. Educ, Kenley. Single. Printer & comp. 
Enl., 24 Sept., '14. Fell, Beaumont Hamel, 13 Nov., '16. 

Duplock, Harry Lewis, Pte., 6 D.C.L.L 

h., Cripplegate, E.C., 6 Feb., '82; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Duplock, 60 
Hathaway Rd.. Croydon. Educ, Anglo-French High Sch., 
Stroud Green, & Hornsey G. Sch. Single. Silk warehouseman. 
Enl., 31 Aug., '14. Fe/Z, Weiltje, nr. Ypres, 8 Dec, '15. Buried, 
St. Jean, (Plate IX., 4). 

Durance, B., 2114, Pte., Lond. Regt. 
Res., T. Heath. Fell, '16. 

Durling, George Joshua, 291976, Pte., 2/10 Middlesex Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. G. W. Durling, 10 Colson Rd., Croydon. Fell, 
Jerusalem, 21 Dec, '17. 

Dye, H. L., Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Empl. by Messrs. Chapman, builders. Res., 18 Bourne St., 
Croydon. Enl., '14. Fell, 23 Apr., '17. 



VII 











1 . Lt. C. S. Calvek, M.C, 7 E. Svir. Rcgt. 

2. Pte. G. R. Hammonu, H.A.C. 

3. A.B. Seaman S. H. Dove, R.N. 

4. Pte. A. E. Cox, R. Irish Rif. 

5. Rflmn. W. W. Brown, Lond. Rif. B. 

6 Act. -Coy. Sgt.Maj. S. A. Creek, i/ao Lond. Regt. 



VIII. 




hk. 


j[IH| 


1 


1. !».- ^^1 


^ 


^^/I^Hh 


m 


Inif '^^^ 







Capt. J. -M. Donaldson, M.C., i6 King's R.R.C. 

2/Lt. J. W. EvERiTT, King's R.R.C. 

2/Lt. J. E. BiNNS, Wilts. Regt. 

Capt. J. C. Crowley, 4 R.W.S. Regt. 

2/Lt. D. J. CouLDREY, 24 Lond. Regc. 

Capt. C. N. Dyer, H.A.C. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 293 

Dyer, Charles Nettleton, Capt., H.A.Cj 

h.. King William's Town, Cape Colony, '78 ; 2nd s., Frederick 
Dyer, J. P., & late Frances Dyer, 45 Park Hill Rd., Croydon, 
Educ, Clifton Coll., & Balliol, Oxford ; ist Mod. Hist. & B.A., 
'01 ; Univ. Trial & Coll. Eights, '98-00. Married, '14, Maud 
Hamilton, daughter of Mr. Fredk. Link, C.C, J.P. ; i son. 
Became a solicitor, '04 ; director & later partner, Messrs. Dyer 
and Dyer, Ltd., Lond. Joined H.A.C. as a Gnr., '05 ; commis., 
'10; Lt., '11 ; Capt., May, '14. Served on Suez Canal from 
Apr., '15, and through N.W. Frontier Campaign. D., 14 Jul., '16, 
at 18 Stat. Hosp.,Suez, of enteric fever, contracted at Ayum Musa. 
(Plate VHL, 6). 

Dyer, E., 77486, Gnr., R.G.A. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Dyer, F., 201094, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Dyne, G., 34989, Pte., R. Fus. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Eade, H., 12103, Pte., E. Kent Regt. 

Res., Croydon. D. of wounds, '17. 

Earl, Percy Lionel, P.O., R.N. 

b., Acton, 27 Oct., '71 ; s., late Mr., & Mrs. Bessie Earl, 78 
Barrow Rd., Streatham Common. Educ, N. Lond. Collegiate 
Sch. Married. Mercantile marine. Res., 5 Francis Terrace, 
Bridge Rd., T. Heath. Joined, Sept., '14. Lost, with H.M. 
Hosp. Ship, "Llandovery Castle," torpedoed between Valentia 
and Fastnet, 27 Jun., 'i8. 

Easter, William Arthur Charles, Pte., R.F.C. 

b., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. H. W. Easter, Oxted, & 54 Norbury Rd., 
T. Heath. Educ., Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon. Accidentally 
killed, 22 Apr., '18. Buried, Oxted Church, 

Easton, Sidney James, Cpl., 7 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 82 Waddon New Rd., Croydon, 6 Sept., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 
Easton, 11 Old Palace Rd., Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Empl. by Croydon Corp. Roads Dept, Enl., 
4 Sept., '14. Fell, 16 Oct., '15, 

Ebbutt, John Streeter, Signaller, 1/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 10 Nov., '86 ; s., Thomas Henry & Anne Ebbutt; 
91 High St., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Bank clerk. Enl., Sept., '14. D. of pneumonia, 
Brit. Hosp., Nowshera, 2 Oct., '19. 

Edbrook, E. C, 25003, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 
Res., T. Heath. D. of wounds, '17. 

Edmonds, Fr.'^ncis D., 2/Lt., R.A.S.C. 

Res., Croydon. D. of wounds reed, in Palestine, i Dec, '17, 

Edwards, A,, 5272, Pte., Lond. Regt. 
Res.,S. Norwood. Fell, '16. 

Edwards, Albert J., Lt., R. Fus. 

Edwards, Charles, Cpl., i R.B. 

Educ, Shirley Sch., Wickham Rd., Croydon. Enl., Nov., '06 ; 
studied at Kneller Hall Mil. Sch. of Music. Fell, Ypres, '15. 

Edwards, F. W., 207869, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 
Missing, Mar., '18. 

Edwards, G., 10490, Rflmn., R. Irish Rif. 
Res., E. Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Edwards, Henry, Pte., 11 R.W.S. Regt, 

b., '83 ; 2nd s., Mr. & Mrs. J. Edwards. Educ, St. James' Sch,, 
Croydon. Married. Labourer. Res., 200 Gloucester Rd,, Croy- 
don. Enl., 10 Nov., '15. Fell, Ypres, 7 Jun., '17, 



294 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Edwards, Hubert Percy, Pte., R.M.L.I. 

b., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. H. G. E. Edwards, 113 Albert Rd., Addis 
Single. D., 27 Jun., '15, at 21 Gen. Hosp., Alexandria, of wounds 
reed., 22 Jun., '15. 

Edwards, S. C, 207905, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 
Missinq, 1 Aug., '18. 

Edwards, William, Pioneer, R.E. (Lab. Coy.'> 

b., '70. Married. Res., 84 Princess Rd., Croydon. Enl., '15. 
D., 5 Jun., '18, of wounds reed. nr. St. Quentin. 

Egerton, Charles Alfred, 16008, Cpl., i R. Fus. 

b., '97. Res., 93 Crowther Rd., S. Norwood. Memb. of St. 
Mark's, S.Norwood, C.L.B. D. of wounds, France, 23 Apr., 't6. 

Eggleston, Richard James. 

b., 'S3. Labourer. Res., Selhurst Rd., S. Norwood. Enl, 
Sept., '14. D. of meningitis & pneumonia, '17. 

Elgfr, M. E., Rflmn., Lond. Regt. 

b., '98. Empl. by " Croydon Advertiser." Fell, France, 23 
May. '17 

Elliff, Arthur George, Pioneer, 317 Road Construction Coy., R.E. 

b., 42 Whitehorse Lane, S. Norwood, 9 Mar., '90 ; 5 , Mr. & Mrs. 
Elliff, 51 Broadway Av., Whitehorse Rd., Croydon. Educ, 
Princess Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married. Furniture porter. 
Enl., 15 Apr., '16. Fell, Cambrai. 19 Sept., '18. 

Elliff, Ernest Frank, 23024, Pte., i Border Regt. 

b., S. Norwood, 31 Dec, '89 ; s., William & Alice Elliff, 42 White- 
horse Lane, S. Norwood. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. 
Single. Gardener. £'«/., 15 Jan., '15. i^'e//, France, 19 May, '17. 

Elliff, Frederick, 371 14, Pte., R. Irish Rif. 

b., S. Norwood, i May, '83 ; s., William & Alice Elliff, 42 White- 
horse Lane, S. Norwood. Educ., Whitehorse Rd. Sch. T. Heath. 
Married ; 2 children. Gardener. Res., 45 Lenham Rd., T, 
Heath. Enl. in Beds. Regt., 16 Jun., '16. D. of wounds, St. 
Omer, 7 Aug., '17. 

Elliff, Thomas Edward, 32577, Pte., 1/4 Norf. Regt. 

b., S. Norwood, 5 Aug., '99 ; y.s., William & Alice Elliff, 42 White- 
horse Lane, S. Norwood. Educ., Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. 
Single. Chauffeur. £«/., 12 Mar., '17. D of wounds, Alexan- 
dria, 12 Dec, '17. 

Elliffe, — , L/Cpl., Middlesex Regt. 

Pawnbroker's asst. Res., 12 Keen's Rd., Croydon. Enl., 3 Mar., 
'15 ; w., in France Fell, '17. 

Elliott, A., 47048, Rflmn., R. Irish Rif. 
Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '17. 

Elliott, Francis Edwin, Pte., 33 Aust. I.F. 

b., Brixton, 21 Jun., '95; s., Mr. & Mrs. Elliott, i Southcote 
Rd., Woodside. Educ, Portland Rd. Sch., S. Norwood. Single. 
Farmer. Res., Australia. Enl., Nov., 'i5 ; tu., Messines, Jun ^ 
'17. Fell, nr. Peronne, 30 Aug., '18. 

Elliott, S., Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., '97 ; 2nd s., late Mr.,& Mrs. Elliott, 50 Cross Rd., Croydon. 
Empl. by Home and Colonial Stores, Cherry Orchard Rd.j 
Croydon. Fell, 8 Jun., '17. 

Elliott, S. F.. 38435, Driver, R.F.A. 
Res., E. Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Ellis, Arthur Sydney, Rflmn., i Sur. Rif. (21 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Leander Rd., Brixton Hill, 24 Oct., '95 ; s., Arthur William 
& Clara Ellis, " Cam Brae," Kilmartin Av., Norbury. Educ, 
Nevill House, Eastbourne, Strand Sch., & King's Coll., Lond. 
Single. Clerk. £«/., 2 Sept., '14. Fe//, Festubert, 25 May, '15, 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 295 

Ellis, Charles John, Pte., 26 R. Fus. 

b., la York Villas, Alexandra Rd., Croydon, 27 Jul., '96 ; s., 
Charles William & Gertrude Emma Ellis, 15 Alton Rd., Waddon, 
Croydon. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Single. Bank clerk, Lloyd's, 
Lombard St., E.C. Enl., 20 Nov., '15. Fell, nr. Flers, Somme, 
15 Sept., '16. 

Ellis, Montague Arthur, Pte., 6 Northants. Regt. ("Lab. Btn.) 

h., 29 Jan., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Arthur John Clement Ellis, 70 
Holmesdale Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Brit. Sch,, Croydon. 
Single. Newsagent. Enl., 17 Jul., '17. Fell, France, 22 Mar., '18. 

Ellis, Oliver, attd. E. Kent Regt. 

b., 'q2 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. J. W. Ellis, W. Runton, Norfolk, formerly 
of Addis. Fell, 16 Jul., '18. 

Ellis, Phillip Henry, Pte., 10 R. Fus. 

b., 20 Mar., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. James Ellis, 220 Melfort Rd., 
T. Heath. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '06-09. Clerk, City and 
Midland Bank. 

Elsey, Alfred Sidney. 

A., '85. Married. i?ej., 11 Maplethorpe Rd., T. Heath. Fell, 27 
Aug., '18. 

Elsey, Arthur, Pte., Gren. Gds. 

Educ, Ingram Rd. Sch., Croydon. Fell, 27 Sept., '15. 

Elsey, W., 1084, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 
Res., T. Heath. Fell, '16. 

Elton, Arthur, L/Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

J., Mr. & Mrs. Charles Elton, 12 Grace Rd., Croydon. Empl. 
by Brit. Wood Heel Co. Res., 26 Queen's Rd., Croydon. Enl.^ 
12 Nov., '15 ; zc. May, '16 and May, '17. Fell, 30 Jun., '18. 

Ely, Dennis James, Capt., D.L.L 

b., 27 Feb., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. George Herbert Ely, Haling Park 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, Ayr Academy & Whitgift G. Sch. Enl. 
as pte. in R. Fus., Aug., '14. 

Emery, E. W., Cpl., Lond. Regt. 
Res., T. Heath. Fell, '16. 

Emery, Herbert J., Pte. 

Educ, Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. Res., 49 Selsdon Rd., 
Croydon. Fell, Somme, 24 Sept., '16. 

Emmens, George Harold, Sgt., 10 W. Yorks. Regt. 

b., Milton Rd., Croydon, 12 Mar., '89 ; s., late Thomas Emmens, 
& Mrs. White, i86a Oval Rd., Croydon. Educ, Oval Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Married. Clerk. i?e?., Bradford, Yorkshire, £«/., 14 
Sept., '14. Fell, France, 19 Sept , '18. 

Emy, Ernest Ludovic, Pte., 2 Wilts. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 21 Sept., '88 ; j., Charles & Ellen Emy, i St. James* 
Park, Croydon. Educ, Brit. Sch., Croydon. Single. Clerk. 
Enl., 31 Aug., '14. FelL Neuve Chapelle, 12 Mar., '15. 

Endean, Frederick James Henry, Pte., Lab. Corps. 

b.. Dean St., Lond., 23 Apr., '98 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Endean, 36 
Notson Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Portland Rd. Sch., S.Norwood. 
Single. Munition worker. Enl., i Mar., '15. D. of wounds 
and acute bronchitis, Boulogne, 11 Jun., '18. 

Enderby, Arthur A., Lt., 4 R. Fus. 

b., Canterbury, 17 Nov., '95 ; 5., Major & Mrs. H. H. Enderby, 
63 Birchanger Rd., S.Norwood. Educ, Retford G. Sch., Notts. 
Single. Enl., as pte. in 3 Beds. Regt., Aug., '14 ; commis. as 
2/Lt. in 23 R. Fus., Nov., '14 ; Lt., Jan., '15 ; Double Distin- 
guished at Hythe School of Musketry, Jan., '17. D., 2 Aug., '17, 
at 3 C.C.S., France, of wounds reed. 25 Jul., '17. 



296 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Epps, Percy Edward, 1511, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 11 Mar.,—. Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Warehouseman. Res., 65 Union Rd., Croydon. EnL., 
8 Sept., '14. D., 9 May, '16, of wounds reed, in France 3 days 
prev. 

Eustace, William Williamson, Trooper, 10 Aust. Light Horse. 

b., 29 Oct., '90 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Fred Owen Eustace, " Makado," 
Harewood Rd., Croydon. Educ, Bedford Mod. Sch. & Whitgift 
G, Sch., '02-06. Fell, Russell Top, Walker's Ridge, Gallipoh, 

7 Aug., '15. 

Evans, Douglas Lane, Capt., Northants. Regt. 

b., T. Heath, 15 Jul., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. F. C. Evans, 369 
Lond. Rd., T. Heath. Educ, T. Heath Sch., St. Paul's Sch., and 
King's Coll., Camb. Served 3 yrs. in O.T.C. ; gaz., 2/Lt., Nov., 
'14 ; Capt. & Adj., 22 May, '16: D. of wounds, 26 Sept., '16. 

Evans, Leslie Furmston, Cpl., Can. Inf. 

Educ, Elmhurst Sch., Croydon, & Brighton Coll. D. of wounds, 
16 Mar., '16. 

Evans, Norman Reginald, Cpl., R.E. 

b., 24 Bynes Rd., Croydon, 15 Nov., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Evans, 

8 Helder St., Croydon. Educ, Bvnes Rd. Sch., Croydon, and 
Tolworth Council Sch. Single. Motor engineer. Res., 191 
EUerton Rd., Tolworth. EnL, in R,N.A.S., Dec, '14 ; 8 months 
as P.O. with armoured car squadron in France ; transf. to R.E. as 
desp. rider. D., zs Aug.. 'it, at Ipswich Hosp., of injuries reed, 
in accident prev. day, while carrying despatches at Ipswich. 

Evans, Francis Edward, Sgt., 11 R.B. 

b., Clapham, 3 Apr., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Evans, 39 Balfour Rd., 
S.Norwood. Educ, Woodside & M. Whitgift Schs., Croydon. 
Single. Stockbroker's clerk. EnL, 10 Sept., '14. Fell, France, 
24 Aug., '16. 

Evans, Percy John, Pte., 22 R. Fus. 

b., Clapham, 27 Oct., '93 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Evans, 39 Balfour 
Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Woodside & M. Whitgift Schs., Croy- 
don. Single. Bank clerk. EnL, 10 Feb., '16. D., 18 Mar., 
'17, at Rouen, of wounds reed, in France, 10 Mar., '17. 

Eve, Evelyn Charles J., E. Air. Force. 

Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. D. of dysentery, Mombasa, Apr., '16. 

Eve, Frank A., Lt., Can. Inf. 

e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Arthur G. Eve. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. 
Engaged in telephone construction work. i?es., Canada. Fell, 15 
Sept., '16. 
EvELEiGH, Ernest H., 37072, Pte.. 8 R.W.S. Regt. 

Missing, 31 Mar., '18. 
EvERiTT, John Wilson, 2/Lt., K.R.R.C. 

b., Camberwell, 6 Oct., '94 ; s., John William & Matilda Eventt, 
17 Edridge Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Single. 
Empl. in Accountant's Dept., Royal Exchange Assurance Co. 
EnL, as pte. in Inns of Court O.T.C, Jan., '16. D., 12 Apr., 
'18, at Reserve Gen. Hosp., Beaufort, of wounds reed, at 
M^zieres, 29 Mar., '18. (Plate VIII., 2). 
Evezand, George, Capt., Leicester Regt. ^^ 

b., 24 Jul., '93 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Evezand, " Reedhamcote, 
Purley. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '07-08. Fell, '17. 
EwM.D, Fritz Edward Henry, Pte., R.A.M.C. 

b., 7 Aug., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Henry Ewald, Shunnerfell, 
Foxley Rd., Kenley. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '12-14. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 297 

ExELBY, Charles R., Pte., Q.W. Rif. (16 Lond. Regt.) 

b., 16 Jan., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. William Exelby, " Haroldene," 
Cedar Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '08-10 Fell, '17. 
Fairbairn, Edgar, Pte., Aust. Inf. 

b., '94; s., Mr. & Mrs. James Fairbairn, i Outram Rd., Croydon. 
D. of wounds, 15 Oct., '17. 
Fairbairns, Joseph M., 2/Lt., R.F.A. 
Fairman, F., 13 1 26, Rtlmn., R.B. 

Res., T. Heath. D., '16. 
Fairs, Ernest William, Pte., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Banstead, Surrey, 15 Dec, '95 ; s., William & Ellen Sarah 
Fairs, 32 Beaconsfield Rd., Croydon. Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Auctioneer & estate agent's clerk. Mobilised, 
4 Aug., '14. Fell, Ypres, 3 May, '15. 
Falcon, Geoffrey William Lockhart, Lt., 11 E. Sur. Regt. (attd. 2 
Hants. Regt.) 

b., Punjab, India, 28 Sept., '93 ; s., Lt.-Col. & Mrs. Robert 
Morgan Falcon. Educ., Repton, '07-12, & Balliol Coll., Oxford, 
'12-14. Single. Undergraduate, Gazetted, 2/Lt., Oct., '14. 
Fell, Gallipoli, 6 Aug., '15. 
Farmer, G., Driver, R.F.A. 

b., '84 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. J. Farmer, 42 Coventry Rd., S. Norwood. 
Empl. by Messrs. Foster Biggs, contractors, S. Norwood. Enl., 
Mar., '16 ; trench fever, Feb., '17. Fell, 3 Sept., '18. 
Farmer, J., 959, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 
Res., W. Croydon. Fell, '17, 
Farncombe, Joseph C, Pte., 8 Leicester Regt. 

b., Croydon ; s., Mr. & Mrs. C. J. Farncombe, Southbridge Rd., 
Croydon. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Married ; 3 cons. Empl. 
in his father's business as printer & publisher. Enl., Jun., '16. 
D., while pris. of war in Germany, 14 Aug., '18. 
Faucherre, Frederick T., Pte., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

Educ, Gordon Boys' Home, 24 Morland Rd., Croydon. D., Le 
Treport, i Apr., '16. 
Feast, F. W., 45017, L/Cpl., Lond. Regt. 

Res., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 
Felts, H., 22512, Pte., E. Kent Regt. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Fenn, R. p., Q.M.S., Sur. Yeom. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Missing, '18. 
Fenton, Alfred Edward, Pte., E. Kent Regt. 

b., S. Bermondsey, 5 Mar., '82 ; s., late J. & Annie Fenton, 
Melbourne, Australia. Educ, Gallywell Rd. Sch., S. Bermondsey. 
Married. House decorator. Res., 56 Oakley Rd., S. Norwood. 
Enl., 7 Sept., '14, D., Oct., '15, while pris. of war in Germany, 
of wounds reed, at Loos, 25 Sept., '15.. 
Fenton, Frank Merrifield, L/Cpl., Lond. Scottish (14 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Rotherhithe, 14 Oct., '94 ; 5., ?Jr. & Mrs. Fenton, 76 Parch- 
more Rd., T. Heath, ^rfwc, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath, 
and Stanley Tech. Sch., S. Norwood. Single. Cinematograph 
film printer. Enl., 29 Nov., '15. Fell, Wancourt, nr. Arras, 2 
Jul., '17. 
Fenton, R. G., 11221, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Res., Norwood. Fell, '17. 
Ferguson, Thomas Richard Augustus, L/Cpl., 24 Lond. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 19 Oct., '97 ; s., Richard & Bertha Augusta Ferguson, 
27 Waddon Pk. Av., Croydon. Educ, Old Palace Sch., Croydon, 
M. Whitgift Sch. & Christ's Hosp. Single. Clerk. Enl., 7 
Sept., '14. Fell, Givenchy, nr. La Bass^e, 25 May, '15. 



298 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Fewtiiell, Frank E., Rflmn., 2 R. Irish Rif. 

b., 21 Sept., '81. Educ, Alton, Hants. Married. Salesman 
(Wholesale millinery). Res., 15 Blackhorse Lane, Addis. 
Enl., 8 Mar., '17. Missing, presumed fallen, nr. St. Quentini 
24 Mar., '18. 

Field, H., Pte., R. Fus. 

b., '95. Empl. at Cement Works, Beddington. Res., 112 Went- 
worth Rd., Croydon, Enl., 26 Oct., '15. Fell, '17. 

Field, Hassell D., Capt., R.A.M.C. 

y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Walter Field, " Thirlmere," Norbury. Educ, 
Uppingham. Married Olive, daughter of Mrs. Locke, Weston- 
super-Mare ; I son. Resident house-surgeon. Royal Victoria 
Hosp., Bournemouth ; M.R.C.S., '14 ; L.R.C.P., '14. ; commis., 
Apr., '15. D., of wounds, 28 Sept., '17. 

Field, Leslie George, Pte., Q.V. Rif. (9 I/ond. Regt.) 

b., Fernhead Rd., Maida Vale, 14 May, '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 
Chesher Field, 20 St. James' Pk., Croydon. Educ, St. Saviour's 
Sch.. Croydon. Single. Clerk. £"«/., 17 Nov., '15. Z)., 8 Sept., 
'18, at 48 C.C.S., France, of wounds reed, prev.day. (Plate X,, 2). 

FiLLINGHAM, REGINALD JOHN, Maj., R.G.A. 

b., Aldershot, 14 Jul., '90 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Fillingham, 7 Albert 
Rd., Hibernia Rd., Hounslow. Educ, St. Mary's Sch., Croydon, 
Married Alice Maud, v. daughter of Mr. & Mrs. Wiebkin, 5 
Eldon Pk., S. Norwood, 13 Mar., '15. Res., The Barracks, 
Mitcham Rd., Croydon, & 77 Greenside Rd., Croydon. Enl., 
in R.W.S, Regt., 14 Jul., '04 ; transf. to R.G.A. , 2 Sept., '08 ; 
commis., 6 Mar., '15 ; M.C., for conspicuous gallantry & good 
work, 4 Jul., '16, & bar to M.C., 16 Sept., '16. D., 29 Sept., '18, 
of wounds reed. nr. Peronne, 2 days prev. (Plate XIL, 2), 

FiNDLAY, C-iT^iL Olney, 2/Lt„ 4/8 Somerset L.L 

b., Reading, 4 Oct., '93 ; s.. Rev, W. Alexander & Lillian S. Findlay, 
" The Manse," Wallingford, Berks. Educ, Croydon & Taunton. 
Single. Medical student. When medically unfit served for 
nearly a year at the Red Cross Hosp., " Star & Garter," Richmond. 
Entered, Inns of Court O.T.C., 17 Oct., '16 ; commis., 26 Apr., 
'17 ; bombing officer, 63 Bde., 37 Div. D., 17 Oct., '17, in 
Australian Hosp., nr. Bailleul, of wounds reed, Passchendaele 
Ridge, 14 Oct., '17, (Plate X„ 4), 

Finn, Daniel 22576, Pte., 6 Border Regt. 

b., N. Shields, '80 ; s., late Mr., & Mrs. Finn, 35 Boston Rd,, 
Croydon. Educ, St, Mary's Sch., Croydon. Single. Labourer 
empl. by Croydon Gas Coy, Enl., Feb,, '15, Fell, France, 
23 Jul., '17, 

Finn, John, 238848, Gnr., R.F.A, 

b., Croydon, '96 ; s., late Mr., & Mrs. Finn, 35 Boston Rd., 
Croydon, Educ, St. Mary's Sch., Croydon. Single. Labourer 
empl. by Croydon Gas Coy, Enl., May, '17, Fell, Passchen- 
daele, 3 Dec, '17. 

Finn, John Wallace, L/Cpl., 6 E. Kent Regt. 

b., Bexley Heath, Kent ; s., Herbert Arthur & Flora Adelaide 
Finn, 20 Amhurst Rd., Hackney. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Empl. in wholesale provision trade. Res., 2^4. 
Clyde Rd., Addis. Enl., 7 Sept., '14. Fell, Mametz, 3 Jul., '16 

Finn, W. J.. 68808, R,F,A. 
Res., Croydon, 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 299 

Finn. William, 54516, Sapper, R.E. 

b., Croydon, '89 ; s., late Mr., & Mrs. Finn, 35 Boston Rd., 
Croydon. Educ, St. Mary's Sch., Croydon. Single. Labourer 
empl. at Cement Factory, Mitcham Rd., Croydon. Enl., Oct., '14. 
DroTvned at Dunkirk, France, 19 May, '18. 

FiRTH, F. W., 3192, Lond. Regt. 
Fell, '16. 

Flshfr, Francis J., Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., '96 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Garnham Fisher, 11 Burdett Rd., Croydon. 
Enl., Apr., '15. Fell, 19 Sept., '17. 

FiSHKR, Frank, Maj., 470 Cov., R E. 

b., Brighton, 18 Jul., '75. Educ, Brighton G. Sch. & R. Coll. of 
Science, Lond. Married. Civil ser\'ant. Res., Oxted, Surrey, 
Jcined, as 2/Lt., Jan., '15. Fell, nr. Ypres, 26 Sept., '17. 

FiSK, Alfred, Sapper. R.E. 

b., '78. Married ; children. Decorator. Res., Thirsk Rd., 
S. Norwood. D,, after operation, Jul., '18. 

FiTSALL, J., Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '99 ; 5 , late Mr. & Mrs. Fitsall, 85 Sutherland Rd., Croydon. 
Educ, Boston Rd. Sch., Croydon. Empl. by Messrs. Holloway & 
Smyth, Church St., Croydon Enl., '15. Fell, Mar. or Apr., '18. 

Fitzgerald, Alfred. 

b., '79 ; s., Mr & Mrs. Fitzgerald, Old Town, Croydon. Fell, 29 
Sept., '18. 

Fitzgerald, Lawrence George, L/Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Peckham, 9 Nov., '96 ; s., George & Alice Fitzgerald, 53, 
Dundee Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Lvndhurst Grove Sch., 
Peckham, Grove Vale Sch., Dulwich, &' Portland Rd. Sch.,S, 
Nor^\'ood. Single. Shipping clerk. Enl., 9 Nov., '14. Twice 
wounded & once gassed. Fell, Monchy, i Aug., '17. 

Flack, Wilfred G., Capt., Coldstream Gds. 

Empl. as policeman at E. Croydon Stn., 12-13, & later as waiter 
at Union Jack Club. Called up on reserve as pte., Aug., '14 : 
promoted sgt. & later given commis. on field ; 7v., 4 times. M.C. 
and bar. D., of wounds. 

Fl.^y, A. C, 13984, L/Cpl., R. Fus. 
Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '16. 

Flecker, H., Pte., R. Fus. 

Educ, High Sch., Croydon. D., of pneumonia, '15. 

Fletcher, F. W., 57327, R. Fus. 
Res., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 

Flower, Albert Charles, Pte., 5 Seaforth H. 

b., II Oct., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Albert E. Flower, 12 Clyde Rd., 
Addis. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '08. Fell, France, 1 1 Mar., '16. 

Fluck, a. S., 110793, Gnr., R.F.A. 
Res., T. Heath. Fell, '16. 

Fogoen, Geoffrey, L. A., Gnr., H.A.C. 

Foley, John Patrick, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

h., Croydon, 14 Oct., '97. Educ, Brighton Rd. Sch. Sc Bynes Rd. 
Sch., Croydon. Single. Porter, empl. by Messrs. Sainsbury. 
/?f J., 2 Napier Rd., Croydon. Enl., 25 Oct., '15. Fe//, 15 Apr., '16. 

Footnfr, Arthur Henry, 2/Lt., i Essex Regt. 

b., 14 Oct., '87 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Henry Footner, 35 Croham Rd., 
Croydon. £'(iuc., Whitgift G. Sch., 'ci-05. Res., Ceylon. Served 
with Ceylon Overseas Contingent ; attd. to StaflF, N.Z. Con- 
tingent ; took part in landing at Gaba Tepe. Fell, Dardanelles, 
6 Aug., '15. 



300 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Ford, C, Cpl., Lond. Irish Rif. (1/18 Lond. Regt.) 

Educ, British Sch., Croydon. Member of Croydon Wanderers 
Football Club. Fell, nr. Loos, 35 Sept., '15. 
Ford, F. H., Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Married ; i child. Empl. as driver by Amer. Steam Laundry. 
Res., 16 Addison Rd., S. Norwood. D., of malarial fever, India,'i7, 
Ford, George Henry, Barrack Warden, R.A.S.C. 

b., '69. Married. Formerly empl. as railway sii^nalman. Res., 
Lower Coombe St., Croydon. D., of chronic heart disease while 
home on leave, Apr., '17. 
Ford, R. E., Rflmn. 

Res., Colwyn Rd., T, Heath. Member of Croydon Wanderers 
Football Club. Fell, 3 Sept., '16. 
Foreman, Alfred, 9497, Drummer, R.Scots. Fus. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Foreman, Brisbane. Res., 73 Cecil Rd., T. Heath . 
Fell, 38 Jul., '17. 
Forrest, J. R., 15030, Gordon H. 
Res., Woodside. Fell, '17. 
Forrester, Frank Oliver, Lt., R N.V R. 

b., '93 ; bth s., Mr. & Mrs. John Forrester, 16 Addis. Rd., Croydon. 
Educ, High Sch., Croydon. Res., " Brenchley," Fairfield Rd., 
Croydon. M.C. Fell, 35 Mar., '18. 
FoRSDiCK, Horace Reginald, Sgt., R.A.F. 

b., Dover, 19 Sept., '99 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Charles Forsdick, 27 
Bensham Manor Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Boro. Sec. Sch , Croydon. 
Single. Shipping clerk. Enl., in Cadet C. of R.F.C., 19 
Sept., '17 ; held ist class flying certif. Killed, while flying at 
Wye, Kent, 6 May, '18. 
Forster, William Edward Blake, 2/Lt., R.F.A. 

b., 30 Mar., '83 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. William George Forster, South 
Parade, Southend. Educ, Wbitgift G. Sch., '99 00. Accidentally 
killed. 
Forsyth, William Irving, Can. Mounted Rif. 

Res., formerly at T. Heath. Fell, 37 Aug., '18. 
FosBURY, W. A., 7484, Cpl., R. Fus. 
Res., W. Croydon. Fell, '16. 
Foster, Geoffrey Charles, Pte., M.G.C. (Cavalry). 

Enl., in Essex Yeom., Sept., '14. Fell, Monchy, 11 Apr., '17. 
Foster, George, Bdr., R.F.A. 

b., '94 ; 2nd s., Mr. & Mrs. Foster, 65 Addison Rd., S. Norwood. 
Single. Z)., of pneumonia, 15 Feb., '17. 
Foster, Gordon, Welsh Regt. 

b., '89 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Foster, " The Uplands," Whitehorse 
Lane, S. Norwood. Fell, 31 Jul., '17. 
Foster, Graham Edvv^in, 301666, Sgt., L.R.B. (3/5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., 436 Whitehorse Rd., T. Heath, 3 Oct., '94 ; s., Edwin & Eliza 
Foster, 13 Quadrant Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., 
T. Heath. Single. Bank clerk. Enl., Jul., '15 ; M.M., for 
gallantrv at Bullecourt, 20 May, '17, bestowed at Town Hall, 
Croydon, isMav, '18. Fe//,N.E.of St. Julien, Ypres, 20 Sept./i7. 
(Plate XIII., s)." 
Fowler, Edward Albert, Pte., E. Lanes. Regt. 

b., Epsom, '89. Married ; i child. Compositor. Res., 36 
Sheldon St., Croydon. Enl., in E. Kent Regt. Fell, 4 Oct., '17. 
Fowler, William, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

h., '95 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Fowler, 18 Crescent Mews, Lancaster Rd., 
S. Norwood. Fell, Somme, i Jul., '16. 



IX. 









2/Lt. H. A. C. DoDDS, 3/5 York & Lanes. Regt. 

Pte. H. A. Bridges, 24 R.W.S. Regt. 

Sgt. W. D Edwards. M.M., 12 R.B 

Pte. H. L. Dt Hi.ocK, Duke of Cormvall's L.I. 

Warrant Officer A J. Cherry, R.X. 

L Cpl. W. T. DoDDRnLi., i City of Lond. Rif. 



X. 









1. 2/Lt. B. IIaizei.den, 2/10 Lond Regf. 

2. Pte. L. G. Field, Q.Vict. Rif. 

3. Cpl. J. Johnson, Aust. Field Engineers 

4. 2/Lt. C.!. O. FiNDL.^Y, 4/8 Somerset L.I. 

5. Sgt. H. G. DrNH.\.\i, 7 E. Sur. Regt. 

6. Trooper J. H. S. Dicker, 21 Lancers 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 301 

Fox, A., 97229, Gnr., R.GA. 

Res., S. Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Fox, C, 16003, Pte., Norf. Regt. 
Res., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 

Fox, Richard Paget, Pte., R.A.M.C. 

b., '87 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. A. S. Fox, " The Limes," Francis Rd., 
Croydon. D., 12 Jun., '15, at E. Suff. Hosp., Ipswich, of wounds 
reed, in France, i6 May, '15. 

Francis, Alan Buller, 2/Lt., D.C.L.I. 

b., Harlesden, 28 Feb., '96 ; 2?ids., Mr. & Mrs. E. W. Francis. 
31 Broughton Rd., T. Heath. Educ, M. WTiitgift Sch. Singie. 
insurance official. Enl. in A.P.C., Sept., '14 ; commis., Mar., '15. 
Fell, Montauban, 24 Aug., '16. 

Francis, Edward David, Cpl., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Brighton, 23 Dec, '75. Married. Gardener, empl. by Miss 
Watney, Haling Pk., Croydon. Res., 148 Selsdon Rd., Croydon. 
Served in S.A. War. Re-enlisted, 28 Sept., '14. Fell, Hill 60, 
Ypres, 20 Apr., '15. 

Francis, Leon.\rd, 6 Lond. Regt. 

b., Kenley, 16 Sept., '98 ; s., Henr^' James & Clara Francis, 
Whyteleafe. Educ.,'Whyte\eaie. Single. Motor mechanic. Enl., 
15 Jul., '15. Fell, France, 16 Apr., '16. 

Francis, Sydney Herbert, Driver, R A.S.C. 

b., Croydon, 9 Jan., '93 ; 5., F. W. & A. J. Francis, 32 Laud St., 
Croydon. Educ, St. Andrew's Sch., Croydon. Single. Milk 
carrier. Enl., 20 Feb., '15. D. of heat apoplexy', St. Andrew's 
Hosp., Malta, 11 Aug., '15. 

Franklin, Frederick Ch.^rles, Pte., 3/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Watford, 10 Jun., '80 ; s., Mr. Sc Mrs. Franklin, St. Alban's 
Rd., Watford. Educ, Watford Nat. Sch. Married ; 4 children. 
Commercial traveller. i?e5., 30 Hunter Rd., T. Heath. Member 
of Spec. Constab., Maj-, '15-Feb., '17. Efil., i Mar., '17. Fell, 
Arras, 24 Jun., '17. 

Frankj^in, Frederick Charles, 2/9 Middlesex Regt. 

b., '93 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. F. C. Franklin, 161 Melfort Rd., 
T. Heath. D., 18 Aug., '15, of wounds reed, at Dardanelles, 
10 Aug., '15. 

Franklin, Henry H., L/Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '95 ; z?id s., Mr. & Mrs. Franklin, formerly of Belmont Rd., 
S. Norwood. Fell, i Jul., '16. 

Franklin, William Hyslop, Capt., K.O.S.B. 

b., '88 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. James Franklin, " Craigmillar," Norman- 
ton Rd,, Croydon. Educ, Bradfield Coll. Fell, France, '15. 

Freeman, J. W., R.E. Signal Serv. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Enl., Oct., '14. Fell, nr. Ypres, '17. 

Freeman, William Thomas, Pte., Can. Inf. 

b., Feb., '88 ; 3r<f s., Mr. & Mrs. Frederick Thomas Freeman, 
n6 Melfort Rd., T. Heath. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Farmer. Enl., Nov., '14. D. of wounds, France, 

10 Apr., '17. 

Freight. St.wley, Pte., 4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '85 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Freight, " Holly Lodge," Windmill Rd., 

Croydon. D. of enteric fever at Lucknow, '15. 
French, Albert, Pte., 19 Can. Inf. 

b., II Bourne St., Croydon, 20 Jan., 'go : s., Mr. & Mrs. French, 

11 Bourne St., Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Res., Canada, '07-14. Enl., 9 Oct., '14. Fell, St. Eloi, 
lo Apr., '16. 



302 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

French, Charles Ernest, L/Cpl., 7 R.W.S, Regt. 

/)., II Bourne St., Croydon, 28 Dec, '96 ; 5., Elijah & Mary Ann 
French, 11 Bourne St., Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Bricklayer, Enl., 5 Sept., '14. Fell, Irles, 
Arras, 24-27 Feb., '17. 
French, Frank Geoffrey, Pte., 3 R. Fus. 

b., II Bourne St., Croydon, 20 Feb., '08 : s., Elijah & Mary Ann 
French, 11 Bourne St., Croydon. Ediic, Mitcham Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Shop asst. £■«/., 31 Aug., '16. i^e//, France, 
4 Oct., '18. 
French, Stephen Thomas, Pte., Can. Inf. 

b., II Bourne St., Croydon ; s., Elijah & Mary Ann French, 11 
Bourne St., Croydon. Educ., Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Married. Glazier & painter. Res., Hamilton, Ontario. Enl., 
May, '16. D., 13 Apr., '17, of wounds reed, at Vimy Ridge, 10 
Apr., '17. 
French, Edward James, Rflmn., L.R.B. (2/5 Lond. Regt.> 

/;., Alderney, Channel Islands, 7 Jan., '92 ; s., Elijah & Mary Ann 
French, 32 Greenwood Rd., Croydon. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. 
Single. Civil servant. Res., 72 St. Saviour's Rd., Croydon. £"71/,, 
Dec, '15. Fell, Flanders, 20 Sept., '17. 
French, W., 10455, L/Cpl., E. Sur. Regt. 

Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '17. 
French, W. J. H., Sgt., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '89. Res., 22 Crunden Rd., Croydon. Enl., 18 Aug., '14 ; 
trench fever, Apr., '17. Fell, 20-22 Sept., '17. 
Friend, Charles D.avid, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., S. Croydon, 28 Mar., '95. Educ., Bynes Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Married. Labourer. Res., 21 Strathmore Rd., Croydon. Enl., 
4 Aug., '14. D. of wounds at 3 Can. C.C.S., Belgium, 4 Jan., 
'17. Buried, Poperinghe. 
Frisch, Charles, 2/Lt., 9 Ghurkas (Indian Army"). 

b., Croydon, 28 Mar., '87 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. George Joseph Frisch, 
Littlehampton. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '97-01. Tea planter. 
Res., Darjeeling, India. Served in Indian Army Res. prev. 
to war. Believed killed, before K.ut, '16. 
Frisch, Geoffrey, L/Cpl., 3 R. Suss. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 5 Nov., '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. George Joseph Frisch, 
Littlehampton. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '99-01. Missinq, 15 
Jan., '15. 
Frisch, Maurice, 2/Lt., 2 R.B. 

b., Croydon, 21 Dec, '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. George Joseph Frisch, 
Littlehampton. Educ, Littlehampton, it Brighton Coll. Missing, 
25 Oct., '16. 
Frith, F. W., 3192, Lond. Regt. 

Fell, '16. 
Frith, William, L/Cpl., K.O.R.L. Regt. 

b., 'q5 ; .v.i., Mr. & Mrs. Frith, 6 Union St., Croydon. Green- 
grocer. Res., Croydon. Enl., Feb., '16. D. of wounds, 22 
Jun.. '18. 
Frohock, W. E., Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '98 ; 5., Ernest & Alice Frohock, 6 Crouch Villas, Cedar Rd., 
Croydon. Enl., Sept., '14 ; gassed ; trench fever, Oct., '17. 
Fell, France, 23 Aug., '18. 
pROST, Arthur Byfield, Lt., R.W.S. Regt. 

y.s., Mr. & Mrs. William Frost, " Sywell House," Warlingham 
Educ, St. Winifred's, Kenley, & Whitgift G. Schs., where he was 
Capt. of Sch, '14-15, and Cadet Officer. Commis., 23 Jun., 
'15 ; M.C., Oct., '17. Fell, France, 23 Mar., '18. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 303 

Fry, F. C, R.W.S. Regt. ' : 

b., '92. Empl. at rubber works. Res., 7 Elliott House, Elliott 

Rd., T. Heath. Enl., 11 Aug., '14. D. of wounds, 3 Jul., 'i6. 
Fryer, Sydney, R. Suss. Regt. 

b., '84 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Fryer, Graflrham, Sussex ; formerly of 

Heath Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Beulah Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Enl., 

Sept., '14. Fell, 15 Aug., '16. 
FuLCHER, William E., 57920, Pte., 17 King's L'pool. Regt. 

Clerk, Croydon Gas Co. Enl., in R.F.C., '15. D., 3 Aug., 

'17, of wounds reed. 31 Jul., '17. Buried, nr. Zillebeke, Ypres. 
FULLALOVE, G. Y., 2/Lt., R.F.C. 

Fell, 13 Aug., '17. 
Fuller, A., 1628, Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

Taken pris. Believed dead. 
Fuller, Colin Melville, 4 Seaforth H. 

b., 10 Epsom Rd., Croydon, 13 Sept., '94 : s., Mr. & Mrs. R. H. 

Fuller, " Saxon Villa," 10 Epsom Rd., Croydon. Educ, Boro. 

Sec. Sch., Croydon. Single. Empl. in motor car trade, Enl., 

Sept., '14. Fell, Neuve Chapelle, 11 Mar., '15. 
Fuller, E. P., 2/Lt., 10 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, '92. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Enl. as pte. in 

Artists Rif., '15 ; commis. m R.W.S. Regt., '16. Missing, Menin 

Rd., 20 Sept., '17. 
Fuller, Leonard A., Lt., R.F.C. 

b., 3 Jan., '92 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Edward Fuller, " Walton House," 

Chepstow Rise, Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '04-10, Imp. 

Col!, of Science, & Royal Sch. of Mines. Joined Lond. Univ. 

O.T.C., '14 ; commis. in 17 D.L.I. ; transf. to R.F.C. Fell, 

17 May, '17. 
Fuller, Morris R., 2,'Lt., 10 R. Fus 

b., 29 Jan., '97 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Ernest Fuller, " Lydford," 

Croham Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '10-13. Single. 

Enl., in a Publ. Sch. Btn., Oct., '14 ; commis., '16. Fell, Arras, 

II Apr., '17. 
Fuller, Walter, Lt. & Quartermaster, Somerset L.I. 

b., Greenham, Berkshire, 24 Dec, '73. Educ, Sonning, 

nr. Reading. Married. Res., Woodley. Enl., 17 Oct., '89 ; 

S.A, Med. ; King George V. Coronation Med. ; from '08, 

R.Sgt.Maj., 4 R.W.S. Regt., going to India in '14 ; commis., and 

transf. to Som. L.I., '18 ; served in Mesopotamia. D., Malta, 

3 Jan., '20, of injuries reed, in action, and of malarial fever. 
Funnell, W. H., Sgt., R.F.A. 

Res.,T. Heath. Fell, '17. 
Furnell, W., Pte., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

Fell. France. 12 Nov., '15. 
Fyfe, John Charles, Civ. Serv. Rif. (1/15 Lond. Regt.). 

b., 7 Dec, '98 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Fyfe, 28 Albert Rd., Croydon. 

Educ, Woodside & Boro. Sec. Schs., Croydon. Single. Clerk 

(Inland Revenue). Enl., 16 Feb., '17. Fell, France, 23 Mar., '18. 
Gadd, Frederick George, Rflmn., R.B. 

b., Pavton Yard, W. Norwood ; s., Mr. Sc Mrs. Gadd, 17 Upton 

Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Ingram Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Single. 

Golt caddie. Res., 105 Northwood Rd., T. Heath. Enl., 12 

Feb., '12. Fell, France, 9 May, '15, 
Gage, George Jowaki Inkerman, j20.^io, A.B. Seaman. R.N. 

b.. King's Rd., S. Norwood, '96 ; s., Wm. & Elizabeth Gage, 25 

Harrington Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Birchanger Rd. Sch., S. 

Norwood, Single. Butcher's asst. Res., 50 Westgate Rd., S. 

Norwood. Joined training ship, " Impregnable," Sept., '12. 

Lest, with " Queen Mary,' sunk during battle of Jutland, 31 

May, 'i6. 



304 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Gambling, W., Sgt., K.R.R.C. 

5., Mr. & late Mrs. Gambling, g Cuthbert Rd., Crovdon. Empl, 
at Beddingtou Cement Works. Enl., Jan., '15. M.M. Fell, 16 
Oct., '17. 

Gammon, F., 34256, Gnr., R G.A. 
Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '17. 

Gammon, Thomas, Pte., 7 Border Regt. 

b., Penge. Educ, Melvin Rd. Sch., Penge. Married. Plate- 
layer. Res., 41 Russell Rd., Croydon. Enl., 1 Jun., '15. Fell, 
Loos, 23 Apr., '17. 

Gandey, William Alfred, 31626, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., 21 Bute St., Brighton, 15 Mar., '82. Ediic, Queen's Pk. Sch., 
Brighton. Married. Motor upholsterer. Res., 204 Albert Rd., 
Croydon, &: later, 4 Freemason's Rd., Croydon. Enl., 27 Feb., '17. 
Fell, nr. Vimy Ridge, 18 Jul., '17. 

Gardiner, Joshua CJonN), L/Cpl., E. Sur. Regt. 

Tobacconist. /?es., T. Heath. Enl., '16. Z). of wound?, 6 Nov., '17. 

Gardner, Frank Robert, Pte., Duchess of Connaught's Own I.C. 
Rangers (?). 

b., Willesden lyane, Kilburn ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Gardner, 137a 
Ecclesbourne Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Ecclesbourne Rd. Sch., 
T. Heath. Single. Ship's steward. Enl., 13 May, '15. 
D., 7 Nov., '17, of wounds reed, at Cambrai. 

Gardner, Stanley Douglas, Lt.-Col. 

znd s., Mr. & Mrs. Gardner, " Homewood," Croydon. Fell, 
France, 29 Sept., '18. 

Gardner, Sydney, Driver, R.K. 

b., '82. Married : i child. Res., 156 .Aliiert Rd., S. Norwood. 
Fell, France, 9 Jun., '18. 

Garnell, J., 1063, L/Cpl., R.W.S. Regt, 
Res.. W. Croydon. Fell, '16. 

Garnett, George Herbert, Pte., 13 Lond. Regt. 

b., London, 4 Apr., '87. Educ, John Ruskin's Sch., Croydon. 
Married. Res., la Clifton Rd., S. Norwood. Enl., 29 May, '16, 
Fell, France, 9 Oct., '16. 

Garrard, Frederic George, 2/Lt., Gordon H. 

b., '98 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. F. W. Garrard, " Brambledene," Downs 
Rd., Purley. Educ , Whitgift G. Sch, where he was Sgt. in O.T.C. 
.Joined Inns of Court, O.T.C. ; commis., '16. D., 22 May, 'iS, 
of wounds reed. 16 May, '18. 

Garrard, Frederick Gabriel, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '98 : s., late Mr. & Mrs. Garrard, 72 Bynes Rd., Crovdon. 
Educ., Bynes Rd. Sch., Croydon. Empl. by Messrs. Frost, 
dairymen, Enl., '16 ; zu., Messines, Jun., '17. Fell, 24 Mar., '18. 

Garratt, J., Lt., R.F.C. 

Educ, High Sch., Croydon. Missinq, '17. 

Gathercole, Henry James, Pte., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 7 Longley Rd., Croydon, 24 Sept., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Gather- 
cole, 12 Kemble Rd., Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch. & Welcome 
Hall, Croydon. Single Sanitary asst., Town Hall, Croydon. 
Enl., 19 Apr., '15 ; served in Suvla Bay, Egypt, Palestine, France. 
Fell, France, 29 Jul., '19. 

Gatland, Ernest George, Pte., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Crovdon, 24 Sept., '95 ; s., Frederick & Alice Gatland, 7 Rol- 
leston Rd., Croydon. Educ, B^'nes Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Gardener. Enl., 20 Oct., '14 ; zv., Dardanelles, Aug., '15, and 
Egypt, '17. Fell, Palestine, 3 Nov., '17. (Plate XV., 3). 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 305 

Gatland, G., 9167, Coy.Sgt.Maj., Scot. Rif. 
Res.,S. Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Gatland, William, Trooper, R. Horse Gds. 

b., Queenstown, Ireland, 6 Aug., *86. Married. Res., E. Croydon. 
Enl., '04. D., 8 Jun., '15, at 7 Cairo Rd., Croydon, of wounds 
reed., France, Apr., "15. 

Geerts, Ferdinand Louis, Pte , 12 Suff. Regt. 

b., Croydon, '93 ; s., Louis A. & E. A. Geerts, 65 Albert Rd., 
Addis. Educ. Oval Rd. Sch., Croydon, & Boro. Sec. Sch., Croy- 
don. Single. Clerk. Enl., 24 Feb., '17. Fell, France, 24 Nov , '17. 
(Plate XL, 3). 

George, David Victor, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs George, 280 Bensham Lane, T. Heath. 
Enl., 3 Sept., '14 ; 10., Jul., '16 ; M.M., Feb., '17. Fell, 7 Jun. ,'17. 

George, Walter Reginald, L/Cpl., i Artists Rif. (28 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Dunmon, Essex, 12 Sept., '98 ; s., Mr & Mrs. L. George, 
81 Tamworth Rd., Croydon. Educ, Brit. Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Clerk. Res., Tlford. Erd., Feb., '17. D., from the effects of gas 
and shell shock, at Amer. Hosp., Rouen, 29 Mar., '18. (Plate 
XV., 4). 

Gibbons, W., L/Cpl., Middlesex Regt. 
Res., W. Croydon. Fell, '16. 

GiBBS, Albert, Pte., i R W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 15 Jun., '86 ; s., Charles Henry & Emma Gibbs, 6 
Sumner Rd., Croydon. Educ., Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Carman. Enl., Aug., '14. Fell, France, 18 Dec, '14. 
(Plate XV., 6). 

Gibbs, Charles T., Pte., 2 R. Suss. Regt. 

b., '90 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Gibbs, 1 13 Lakehall Rd., T. Heath. Fell, 
25 Sept., "15. 

Gibbs, G. A., R. Fus. 

Res., W. Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Gibbs, George Albert, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Crovdon, 13 Nov., '79 ; s., Peter & Esther Gibbs, no Suther- 
land Rd., Croydon. ^<fMc., BeulahRd. Sch., T. Heath. Married. 
Labourer. Res., Spa Rd., T. Heath. Enl , 19 Aug., '14. Fell, 
Givenchy, 2 Jan., '16. 

Gibbs, Sidney Jame<5, Pte., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 8 Sept., '84 ; s., Peter & Esther Gibbs, no Suther- 
land Rd., Croydon. Educ, Boston Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Labourer. Res., 99 Boston Rd., Croydon. Enl., 12 
Aug., '14 ; tv., France, 31 Dec, '15. Fell, Somme, 3 Jul., '16, 

Gibbs, William James, L/Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '98. Res., 190 Livingstone Rd, T. Heath. Fell, 25 Sept., '17. 

Gibson, Alan, Pte., i L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Croydon, 15 Dec, '98 ; s., Mr. & Mrs, T. H. Gibson, 14 Ding- 
wall Rd., Croydon. Educ, High Sch., Croydon. Single. Bank 
clerk. Re^., 25 BroughtonRd.,"T. Heath. .En/., Sept., '16. Fell, 
Hooge, nr. Ypres, 14 Aug., '17. 

GiDDlNGS, G.. Gnr., R.F.A. 

Res., 21 Grace Rd., Croydon. Fell, 30 Jul., '16. 

GiDDiNGS, Mark William, 12 Lancers. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. A Giddings, 21 Grace Rd , Croydon. Enl., '99. 
D., of wounds, France, '14. 

Gilbert, Ch.^rles A., Pte., R. Fus. 

6., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Gilbert, 26 Tankerton Terrace, Mitcham 
Rd., Croydon. Fell, 27 Apr., '17. 



3o6 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Gilbert, Job, Sergt., R.F.A. 

b., 3 Godstone Cott., Coulsdon ; s , Mr. & Mrs. Gilbert, 69 
Milton Rd., Croydon. Educ, St. James' Sch., Croydon. Married, 
Metal worker. Res., 8 Tait Rd., Croydon. Enl., 16 Jan., '15 ; 
ment. in despatches, 9 Apr., '17. D. of gas poisoning, Nottingham 
Hosp., 2^ Dec, '17. 

Gilbert, Reginald, Cpl., 11 Field Amb., R.A.M.C. 

b , Stockwell, S.W., 21 May, '92 ; s., William Richard & Emily 
Alice Gilbert, 22 Princess Rd., S. Norwood. Educ. at Croydon and 
London. Single. Clerk. Res., 56 Dagnall Pk., S. Norwood. 
Enl., Jan., '15. D. of wounds reed, at Gonnehem, nr. Bethune, 
10 May, '18. 

Giles, Arthur Frederick Stewart, Pte., 17 Middlesex Regt. 

b., Hawkstone Rd., Southwark, 11 Jan., '96 ; s., Lewis Sidney and 
Susan Elizabeth Giles, 52 Norton Gardens, Norbury. Educ, 
Emmanuel Sch., Streatham, & Winterbourne Rd. Sch., T. Heath. 
Single. Helmet maker. Enl., Feb., '15. Fell, Delville Wood, 
Somme, 27 Jul., '16. 

Giles, Ernest William, Pte., M.G.C. 

b.. 130 Church Rd., Croydon, t8 Feb., '99 ; *., James 5c Annie 
Giles, 130 Church Rd.,' Croydon. Educ, St. Andrew's Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Cycle warehouseman. Enl., 20 Mar., '17. 
D., 30 Apr., '18, at Boulogne, of wounds reed. 2 days prev. 

Gill, William Gerald OlutiR, 2/Lt., Essex Regt. 

b., '96. Educ, Dulwich Coll. Res., S. Norwood. Played tor 
Young Amateurs of Surrey, at Oval, '13. Joined, '14. Fell, '17. 

Gilliam, William Henry, Cpl., 1/22 Lond. Regt. 

b., Alton, Hants, 30 May, '99 ; s., W. & E. Gilliam, 73 Waddon 
New Rd., Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Shop asst. Member of Croydon Parish Ch. C.L.B. Enl., in 
3/4 R.W.S. Regt. Nov., '14. Eell, France, 3 Jan., '17. (Plate 
XIV., 6). 

Gillie, A. J., L/Cpl., Lond. Regt. 

6 , '93 ; e.s., J. & A. Gillie, 180 Mitcham Rd., Croydon. Married, 
Enl., in R.W.S. Regt ; ic, 8 Oct., '16. Fell, 2 Sept., '18. 

Gillie, Wallace John, Sgt., i K.R.R.C. 

b., Montreal, Canada, 20 Jul., '95 ; s., J. & A. Gillie, 180 Mitcham 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, Boston Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Clerk. Enl., 22 Jan., '14. Fe//, Hooge, nr. Ypres, 30 Jul., '15. 

GiLSON, E. H., Pte., R. Fus. 

b., '78 ; s., late Mr. & Mrs. R. A. Gilson, Addis. Res., 33 
Grove Pk. Rd., Chiswick. Fell, 30 Oct., '17. 

Giltrap, G. H. 

Schoolmaster, High Sch., Croydon. Fell, '18. 
Glandfield, Albert Victor, Pte., i R.W.S. Regt. 

b , 135 Bensham Grove, T. Heath, 28 Dec, '93 ; J., Thomas 

William & Rebecca Glandfield. Educ, Beulah Rd. Sch., T.Heath. 

Single. Labourer. Enl., 26 Aug., '12. Fe//, Somme, i Jul., '16. 

Glass, Alfred, i R.B. 

Educ, Shirley Sch., Wickham Rd, Enl., Oct., '07. Fell, '15. 
Glaze, Alfred G., L/Cpl., R. Fus. 

Res., n St. John's Rd., Croydon. Empl. by Messrs, Hope Bros, 

Enl., Feb., '15. Fell, France, '17. 
Glaze, Walter Edward, Pte., R.Fus. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Glaze, 11 St. John's Rd., Croydon. Married. 

Railway porter. Res., 61 Derby Rd., Croydon. Enl., Mar., '15 ; 

w., Somme, June, '16. D., 4 Jun., '19, at Croydon Hosp., of 

heart trouble resulting from gas-poisoning. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 307 

Gliddon, Maurice, Lt., R.F.A. 

E'^HC, Whitgift G. Sch. Married; i son. yoined as 2 iLit , Nov., 

'14 ; M.C. Fell, '17. 
Glovt.r, B. H., 2/Lt., R.W.Kent Regt. 
GoBLE, R. E., Pte., R.A.S.C. 

Married ; 2 children. Empl. by Croydon Corp. Tramways. 

Res., 65 Churchill Rd., Croydon. Enl., Jan., '16. Fell, France, 

9 Sept., '17. 
GoDDARn, A. E., Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

Memb. of Ancient Order of Foresters. D., France, 15 Jul., '18. 
Godfrey, Stephen Mervyn, Lt., Artists Rif. (28 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Forest Hill, 26 Jul., '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Godfrey, 159 Melfort 

Rd., T. Heath. Educ. Whitgift G. Sch. Single. Chartered 

accountant's clerk. Enl., as pte., '10 ; mobilised 6 Aug., '14. 

Fell, France, 30 Dec. '17. 
Gold, A. E., Pte., Can. Mounted Rif. 

h , '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. W. H. Gold, " Weybourne," Foxley Lane, 

Purley. D. of wounds, '17. 
Gold, Percy, 2/Lt., Scots Gds. 

b., '83 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. W. H. Gold, " Waldronhyrst," Croydon. 

Partner in the firm of Evatt & Co. Fell, i Jul., 'i6. 
GoLDiNG, F. E., Pte., Dorset Regt. 

b., '93. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married ; i child. 

Footman to Lord Michelham, Princes' Gate. Res., 69 Derby Rd., 

Croydon. Enl., '14. Fell, 5 Apr., '18. 
Golds, Fr.\nk, 2/Lt., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., '80 ; y.s., late Hugh, & Mrs. Golds, Croydon. Fell, 5 Oct., '16. 
GoocH, Kenneth, Lond. Regt. 

Fell, France, i Jul., '16. 
Gooding, Frederick Bertie, Pte., i Middlesex Regt. 

b., Oxford Coffee Tavern, T. Heath, 11 Sept., '85 ; s.. Mr. & 

Mrs. Gooding, 117 Frant Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Boston 

Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married. Decorator Res., 27 Cross Rd., 

Croydon. Enl., 14 Aug., '16. Fell, Clapham June, Polygon 

Wood, nr. Ypres, 26 Sept., '17. 
Goodman, Ralph Thomas, Pte., 10 Essex Regt. 

b., Cherry Orch. Rd., Croydon, 14 Jul., '98 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. W. 

Goodman, 24 Clarence Rd., Croydon. Educ, Croydon. Single. 

Asst. clerk to accountants. Enl., Aug., '16. Reported missing, 

presumed fallen, Crassiere Wood, France. 
Goodman, Reginald Arthur, Band-Sgt., K.O.R.L. Regt. 

b., '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Goodman, Clarence Rd., Croydon. 

Married, Ethel n6e Keywood ; i child. Res., Sangley Rd., S. 

Norwood. Founder & conductor, Orpheus Orchestra. Enl., in 

Middlesex Regt., Mar., '16. D., 9 May, '18, of wounds reed. nr. 

Bethune the prev. day. 
Goodwin, Henry, Tank C. 

b., '98 ; J., Mr. & Mrs. Thomas H. Goodwin, Norbury. Fell , 

24 Mar., '18. 
Goodwin, T. J., 8747, Pte., D.L.L 

Fell, '16. 
Gordon, Elizabeth Marjorie, Nurse, V.A.D. 

e. daughter of late Gen. William Gordon, CLE., & Mrs. Gordon, 

'■ Arradoul," Tavistock Rd., Croydon. D. of malaria at Salonica, 

II Sept., '17. 
Gorringe, C. H., 683099, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

b., '98. Res., Norbury. Fell, 7 Jun., '17. 



3o8 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

GosLiNf^, James Thomas, Pte., R. M.L.I. 

b., i8 Dec, '74 ; s., James & Sarah Gosling, 71 Union Rd., 
Croydon. Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married. 
Baker. Res., Whitehorse Rd., Crovdon. Enl., 4. Aug., 'qa : Long 
Serv. Med. & Benin Exped, Med. Lost with H.M.S. " Defence," 
suni< during battle of Jutland, 31 May, '16. 

Gosling, John, A.B. Seaman, R.N. 

Educ, Ashford Schs. Married. Postman. Res., 22 Sheldon 
St., Croydon. Lost with H.M.S. " Good Hope," sunk off 
Coronel, Chili, i Nov., '14. 

Goss, Herbert, Bugler, 21 Can. Inf. 

h., '87 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. George Goss, 83 Mitcham Rd., Croydon. 
Married. Fell, 24 Jun., '16. 

GOSTLING, Herbert, Sgt. (Observer), R.A.F. 

b., Streatham, 20 Feb., '91 ; s,, Mr. & Mrs. Goatling, 220 Selsdon 
Rd., S. Croydon. Educ, Dering PI. & Abp. Tenison's Schs., 
Croydon. Single. Enl. in 7 Dragoon Gds., 29 Mar., '08 ; 
transf. to 6 Inniskilling Dragoons, M.G.C., and R.A.F. Fell, 
over German lines while on bombing raid. D., Heitern, 
nr. Neu Breisach. 

Gould, E., 15556, L/Cpl., North'd. Fus. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '16. 

Gould, Joseph Stephen, Pte., R.A.S.C. 

b., Ducklington, Oxon., 11 Nov., '59. Educ, Ducklington, nr. 
Witney, Oxon. Married. Greengrocer. Res., 4 Thornton Rd., 
T. Heath. Enl., 16 Oct., '14 ; served i yr. in France. D. of 
pneumonia, Woolwich, 3 Aug., '16. 

GowARD, Patrick Lindsay, Cpl., Black Watch. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Goward, 39 Dominion Rd., Addis. Fell, 8 May,'i6. 

GoY, G., 17808, Cpl., Essex Regt. 

Res., S. Norwood. D. of wounds, 17. 

Grabham, Edward William, Pte., 8 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 19 Oct., '96 ; s., Harry & Harriet Jane Grabham, 
24 Wandle Rd., Croydon. Educ, Welcome Hall, Croydon. 
Single. Shop asst. fwine & spirit trade). Enl., 9 Sept., '14. 
Fell, Tower Bridge, Hulloch, Loos, 25 Sept., '15. 

Grand, Arthur Leonard, 1576, Pte., 7 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 29 Surrey St., Croydon, 21 May, '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Harry 
Grand, i Upper Drayton PI., Croydon. Educ, Parish Ch. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Hairdresser. Enl., Sept., '15. D., 10 Jul., 
'16, at 2 Stat.Hosp., Abbeville, of wounds reed., Somme, i Jul., '16. 

Grand, Frederick, 18946, Cpl., 6 E. Kent Regt. 

b., Croydon, 12 Jun., '90 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Harry Grand, i Upper 
Drayton PI., Croydon. Educ, British Sch., Croydon. Married. 
Hairdresser. Res., Wellesley Rd., Croydon. Enl., 17 Jun., '16. 
Fell, France, 3 May, '17. 

Grant, J. P., 510056, Lond. Regt. 

Res., Cro5'don. D. of wounds, '17. 

Grant, John Anderton, 2/Lt., 3 R. Suss. Regt. 

b., 39 Clyde Rd., Croydon, 4 Jul., '98 ; s., Francis Octavius & 
Annie Edith Grant, 48 Birdhurst Rd., Croydon. Educ, " The 
Limes," Croydon, & Eastbourne Coll., Eastbourne, where he was 
head of his House and sen. Sgt. in O.T.C.; passed prelim, exam, 
of Inst, of Chartered Accountants. Joined Inns of Court O.T.C., 
as pte., 2 Sept., '15, becoming Sgt. ; commis. fin Spec. Res. of 
Officers), 28 Mar., '17 ; went to France with 11 R. Suss. Regt., 
lo Aug., '17 ; w., 27 Sept., '17 ; ret. to France with 8 R. Suss. 
Regt., 18 Apr., '18. Fell, nr. Amiens, 14 May, '18. Buried, 
Henencourt Communal Cem. Extension, W. of Albert. (Plate 
XL, 5). 



XI. 









Pte. S. Harris, R.M.L.I. 

2/1. t. S. H. Bressey, R.E. 

Pte. F. L. Geerts, 12 Suff. Regt. 

Lt. A. C. Davis, R.A.F. 

2/Lt. J. A. Grant, 3 R. Suss Regt. 

Pte J. W. Gray, Machine Gun Corps 



XII. 









Pie. A. H. Hfartfield, 6 Duke of Cornwall's L.I. 

Maj. R. J. FiLLiNGHAM, M.C., R.G.A. 

L/Cpl. H. E. GuNN, I I.ond. Scottish 

L/Cpl. H. Howard, io R. Fus. 

Gnr. H. L. Guii.i.on, R.F.A. 

Lt. D. GuNN, Seaforth H. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD . 309 

Grantham, John David, R.N. 

b., '88. Edtic, Oval Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married. Page boy. 
Res., Albert Rd., A^ddis. Joined, '02. J.nst on H.M.S. " Formid- 
able," torpedoed in English Channel, i Jan., '15. 

Gravestock, W., 37085, Pte.,'R.W.S. Regt. 
Res , S. Norwood. Fell, '17. 

Gray, Arthur St.\nley. 

s., Mr. & Mm. Gray, 22 Barclay Rd., Croydon. Fell, 14 Sept., '16. 

Gray, Joseph Walter, Pte., M.G.C^ 

b., Croydon, 8 Nov., '97 ; y.s., George ?c Harriet Gray, 10 Nichol- 
son Rd., Addis. Educ, Woodside Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Shop asst. Res., 10 Nicholson Rd., Croydon. Enl., 2 Oct., 
'14. Fell, France, 2 Dec, '16. (Plate XL, 6). 

Gray, Olh-er John, 60272, Pte., R.A.M.C. 

h., Castlemarton, Worcestershire ; s., William Valentine ^ Emme- 
line Ruth Gray, 92 Bingham Rd., Addis. Educ, London, 
Single. Civil service clerk. Res., S. Norwood. Enl., 19 Jun., 
'15 ; ment. in despatches, 30 May, '17. D., 8 May, '17, at 15 
Stat. Ho^p., German E. Africa, of black water fever. 

Gray, Robert Georgk, L.R.B. (r/5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., 24 May, '90 ; s., John Andrew & Emma Gray, 58 Hartley Rd., 
Croydon. Educ., Reading. Single. Architect's asst. Enl., 19 
Nov., '15. Fell, Ypres, 25 Aug., '16. 

Graysmark, John William Blake, Rflmn., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., 14 Junction Cottages, Gloucester Rd., Croydon, '96 ; s., Mr. 
& Mrs. Graysmark, 85 The Crescent, Croydon. Single, 
Grocer's asst. £"??/., Apr., '15. Fell, France, 9 Oct., '16. 

Grayson, — . 

Empl. as conductor by Croydon Corp. Tramways. 

Grfen, Alfred Henry, Seaman, R.N. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Green, 15 Selsdon Rd., Croydon. Served on 
H.M. Ships " Ganges," " Albemarle," " Bulwark," " Zealandia," 
" Vernon," & " Tipperary," during the war. Fell, Battle of 
Jutland, 31 May, '16. (Plate XHL, 6). 

Green, C, 51 1280, Lond. Regt. 

Res., S, Norwood. Fell, '17. 

Green, Charles Layton, 2/Lt., Essex Regt. (attd. R.F.C.) 

i>-> '93 ; e-S; Dr. & Mrs. Green, Woodside. Educ, Durlston 
Court, Swanage, & St. Bees Sch., Cumberland ; matriculated, 
Lond. Univ. ; entered Guy's as med. student, '13 ; went to Edin, 
Univ. Joined, Edin. Univ. O.T.C., Sept., '14 ; enl., in ist 
Sportsman's Btn. ; commis., Dec, '14 ; w., '16 ; transf. to R.F.C. 
'16 ; injured in flying accident, 7 Jan., '17. Killed in flying acci- 
dent, 9 Jun., '17. 

Green, Leonard A., Pte., Lanes. Fus. 

^•> '99 ', y.J., Mr. & Mrs. Green, 6 Chelsham Grove, Croydon, 
Educ, Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. Fell, 9 Sept., '18. 

Green. Leslie Alan, 2/Lt., 6 (attd. 23)'R. Fus. 

b., E. Dulwich, 27 Jul., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. James Green, 17 
Warminster Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Sutton County Sch. 
Single. Bank clerk. Enl., as pte. in H.A.C., May, '15. Fell, 
Beaumont Hamel, 14 Nov., '16. 

Green, R. C, Sgt., R.G.A. 

Green, W. E., Gnr., R.G.A. 
Fell, '17. 

Green, Walter Charles, 200601, Sgt., Tank C. 

b., Brighton, 8 Nov., '15 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Charles Green, 12 
Alpha Rd., Addis. Educ, Oval Rd. Sch., Croydon. Asstd. with 
his father's business as nurseryman & landscape gardener. Enl., 
in K.R.R.C. ; transf. to M.G.C., & later to Tank C, Nov., '15. 
Awarded D.C.M. for " the courageous manner in which he 
brought his tank out of action " at Cambrai, Nov., '17 ; Croix de 
Guerre, May, '18, Fell, nr. Morlancourt. 8 Aug., '18, 



310 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Greenhead, Alfred George, Cpl., i D.C.L.I. 

b., Croydon, 6 Mar., '94 ; s., Alfred George ^ Alice Maud 
Greenhead, 71 Dennett Rd., Croydon. Ediic, Mitcham Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Mineral water worker. Res., 54 Wentworth 
Rd., Croydon. Enl., 17 Apr., '12 ; zv., France, Oct., '14. Fell, 
Delville Wood, 16 Aug., '16. (Plate III., 3). 

Greenhead, Leonard Bertram, L/Cpl., 12 R. Irish Rif. 

b., 3 Fisherman Cottages, Windmill Rd., Croydon ; s., Charles E. 
& Alice Greenhead, 24 Bishop's Rd., Croydon. Educ, Syden- 
ham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Fitter's mate. Enl., in 16 R. 
Suss. Regt., II Oct., '15. Fell, 16 Aug., '17. (Plate XIV., 2). 

Greenway, Kenneth, Lt., 13 Worcester Regt. 

b., 18 Feb., '97 ; .v., Mr. & Mrs. Greenway, 28 Highland Rd., 
U. Norwood. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '10-14, ^ Bootle Boro. 
Tech. Sch. Was Sgt. in Whitgift O.T.C. Enl., in Univ. & Pub. 
Sch. Bde., '14 ; commis., Oct., '14. Fell, Gallipoli, 27 Nov., '15. 

Greet, N., 36590, Pte., M.G.C. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Gregory, George, Sgt., 8 R.B. 

6., '77. Married. i?es., S. Norwood. Served in India with R.B. 
prev. to '07 ; memb. of Nat. Res. Fell, Hooge, '15. 

Gregory, Henry. 

b., '74. Res., 32 Waddon Marsh Lane, Croydon. D. of dysen- 
tery, 16 Jul., '16, at 15 Stat. Hosp., Mbuyuni, E. Africa. 

Gregory, Laurie Leslie, Bdr., 34 Bty., R.F.A. 

b., 60 Canterbury Rd., Croydon, 13 Sept., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 
Gregory, 60 Canterbury Rd., Croydon. Educ, Christ Ch. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Plumber's mate. Enl., 16 Jul., '15. 
D., of meningitis, Croydon Infirmary, 28 Dec, '19. 

Griffin, A, R., 25930, Pte., 9 M.G.C. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Griffin, 21 Derby Rd.. Croydon. Missinq since 
25 Apr., '18. 

Griffiths, Alfred James. Pte., 3/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Bermondsey, 5 Jun., '91 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. J. Griffiths, 148 
Dalmally Rd., Addis. Educ, Portland Rd. Sch., S. Norwood. 
Married. Clerk. /?e5., 150 Dalmally Rd., Addis. £«/., 27 May, 
'15. Fell, Somme, 6 Feb., '17. Buried, Peronne. 

Grigg, Francis, 2/Lt., 10 E. Lanes. Regt. 

b., 21 Apr., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Frank Charles Grigg, " Yvetot," 
Foxley Hill Rd.. Purley. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '09-10. 

Griggs, Wilfred Leonard, Rflmn., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

h., '99 ; s., William & Ethel Griggs, 31 St. John's Grove, Croydon. 
Educ, Brit. Sch., Croydon. Manager in boot warehouse. Enl., 
in Civil Serv. Rif., Jul., '17. D., 20 Nov., '18, of wounds reed., 
France, 7 Nov., '18. 

Grinham, G. S., 2621, Pte.. Middlesex Regt. 
Fell, '16. 

Grinham, George Rowl.^nd, Seaman Torpedo-man, R.N. 

Res., 115 St. James' Rd., Croydon. Accidentally drorrned, while 
serving on Submarine Bi, '16. 

Grinh.\m, Tom H., Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 
b., '81. Fell, 30 Jan., '17. 

Groom, A., Pte. 

b., '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Walter Henrv Groom, 107 Milton Rd., 
Croydon. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Married; 
2 children. Empl. by Messrs. Richards & Son, sheet metal 
workers, Wellesley Rd., Croydon. Fell, 10 Nov., '17. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 311 

Groom, F. C, Cpl., A.P.C. 

b., '79. Married, E. A , daughter of Mr. W. J. Clark, 6 Ullswater 

Rd., W. Norwood. Res., " Novello," Saxon Rd., Selhurst. D., 

5 Dec, '18, at Wimereux, of heart failure, following influenza. 
Grover, Percy, Cpl., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Croydon, 19 Feb., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. H. J. Grover, 33 Elgin 

Rd., Croydon. Educ, Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. Single. 

Stockbroker's clerk. Enl,, Aug., '15. Fell, Les Bouefs, Somme, 

Aug., '15. 
Grubb, Percy George, Sapper, R.E. 

b., Wimbledon, 12 Apr., '86. Educ, Oval Rd. Sch., Croydon. 

Married. Plumber. Res., 61 Fairholme Rd., Croydon, 

Enl., 10 Apr., '16. Fell, Arras, 13 Apr., '17. 
Grumbridce, H., Sgt., 3 R. Fus. 

b., '00 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Grumbridge, 72 Church St., Croydon. 

Served 8 yrs. in India. Fell, France, 9 Feb., '15. 
GuBBY, A. R., Gnr., R.G.A. 

b., '83 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Gubby, 17 Hampton Rd., Croydon. 

Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married ; 4 children. 

Enl., 18 Oct., '15. Fell, France, 10 Jul., '17. 
Gubby, Albert Edwin, Cpl., 21 Siege Bty., R.G.A. 

b., 21 Union Rd., Croydon ; s., Mr. & Mrs. William Gubby, 8, 

Westbury Rd., Croydon. Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. 

Married. Porter, empl. by L.B. & S.C.R. Res., 8 Westbury 

Rd., Croydon. Enl., May, '05. Fell, nr. Reninghelst, Belgium, 

22 Aug., '18. 
Gubby, R., 5433, Pte., Leinster Regt. 

Res., W. Croydon. D. of wounds, '17. 
Gubby, Walter C.'Sgt.Maj., R.G.A. 

b., '82 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Gubby, 8 Westbury Rd., Croydon. 

Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married ; 4 children. 

Enl., when 17 yrs. old ; served in France from 8 Aug., '14. Fell, 

13 Dec, '17, 
GuDGiN, Leonard A., Cpl., 3 N.Z.R.B. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. F. Gudgin, Sydenham Rd. Schs., Croydon D., 

X Dec, '17, of wounds reed, at Passchendaele, Nov., '17. 
GuiLi-ON, Henri L. M., Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., '82 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Guillon, 2 Broughton Rd., T. Heath. 

Educ, Beulah Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Married ; i son. Enl., 

'16, Fell, 10 Jun., 'iS. (Plate XH., 5). 
Gunn, David, Lt., Seaforth H. 

2nd s., Mr. & Mrs. John Gunn, " The Birches," Howard Rd., S. 

Norwood. Eiil., as pte. in Cameron H., '14 ; invalided home 

from France with frozen feet, Apr., '15 ; commis. in Seaforth H., 

'15 ; Lt., I Jul.. '17. Fell, 13 Oct.. '17. (Plate XH., 6). 
GuNN, Herbert Ernest, L/Cpl., i Lond. Scottish (14 Lond. Regt.) 

b., London, 18 May, '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. John Gunn, i Balfour 

Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Portland Rd. Sch., S Norwood. 

Single. Stockbroker's clerk. Res., 26 Woodside Rd., S. Nor- 
wood. Enl., 28 Aug., '11. Fell, Hebuterne, 19 Aug., *i6. 

(Plate XH., 3). 
GuRNELL, John, L/Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '87. Married. Res., 2 Derby Grove, Croydon. Fell, 

18 Apr., '16. 
Gutteridge, Henry J. M., Pte., Australian LF. 

e.s., Mr. & Mrs. H. Gutteridge, 20 Brigstock Rd., T. Heath. 

Married ; i son. Res., Toowong, Queensland, Australia. Served 

with nth Hussars during S.A. War. Fell, 12 Oct., '17. 



312 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Hadfield, W. J. M., Lt., S. Lanes. Regt. 

s., Maj.-Gen. C. A. & Mrs. Hadfield, "Kintaugh," Ashburton Rd., 

Addis. D. of wounds, '14. 
Haddow, a. J., 34169, Hants. Regt. 

Res., W. Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Haill, Stanley Victor, Pte., R. Fus. 

b., '94 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Haill, 37 Northcote Rd., Croydon. Baker, 

empl. by Messrs. Wilson, Brigstock Rd., T. Heath. Enl. in 

R.A.S.C., '14. Fell, '17. 
Haines, Charles Stewart, A.M., R.F.C. 

^•. '97 '. y-S-t Mr. & Mrs. J. G. Haines, Edridge Rd., Croydon, 

Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Empl. in Rental Dept., Croydon Gas Co. 

Enl., Nov., '15. D. of wounds, France, 10 Apr., '18. 
Hairby, Frank, 3844, Rflmn., Q.V.R. (1/9 Lond. Regt.). 

s., Mr, & Mrs. Alfred Hairby, 115 Dalmally Rd., Croydon. 

Missing, Gommecourt Wood, i Jul., '16, 
Hairby, Leslie, Pte., 1/20 Lond. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Alfred Hairby, 115 Dalmally Rd., Croydon. 

D. of wounds at Gosforth War Hosp., Newcastle, 4 Oct., '16. 
Haizelden, Benjamin, 2/Lt., 2/10 Lond. Regt. 

b., Balham, 20 Nov., '98 ; s., John & Elizabeth Haizelden, 35 

Abbey Rd., Croydon. Educ, Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon. Single. 

Bank clerk. Gazetted, 2/Lt,. 5 Oct., '16. D., 30 Aug., '18, of 

wounds reed, in France the prev. day. (Plate X., i). 
Hale, Leonard, Lincoln Regt, 

Married ; children. Res., 10 Cecil Rd., Croydon, D., 9 Dec, 

'14, of wounds reed, at Ypres, a few days prev. 
Haley, Henry William, Coy.Sgt.Maj., 4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Waltham Abbey, Essex, 15 Jul., '69. Educ, Princess Rd, Sch,, 

Croydon, and London, E. Married. Vellum binder's finisher. 

Res., 87 Queen's Rd., Croydon. Enl., 19 Apr., '87. Mobilised, 

4 Aug., '14. D. of cancer on liver. Crescent War Hosp., Croydon, 
II Nov., '18, 

Hall,'^ Cecil Adrian, 22504, Pte., i R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Battersea, 11 Oct,, '96 ; s., Mr. & late Mrs. Hall, 30 Car- 
michael Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Birehanger Rd, Sch., S. Nor- 
wood. Single. Clerk. Enl., 22 Sept., '14 ; zv. at Suvla Bay, '15 ; 
twice in hosp. in England with Bright's disease ; sent to France, 
Jan., '17 ; awarded M.M. for work as company runner, Meteren, 
12-14 Apr., '18, D. of wounds reed, at Erie Camp, Poperinghe, 
29 May, '18. 

Hall, F., 1492, L/Cpl., R.W.S, Regt. 
Res., T. Heath, Fell, '17, 

Hall Frederick, Pte., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 22 Jul., '96 ; e.s., Edward & Emily Hall, 51 Church 
Rd,, Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Single, Appren- 
tice to boot maker. Enl., 28 Aug., '14. D. 28 Jan., '16, at St, 
Omer, of wounds reed, at Ploegsteert, i6 Jun., '15. 

Hall, H„ Pte., R. Fus. 

b.,'g6. i?£?j., 16 CharnwoodRd.,S, Norwood, Fe/Z, 18 Sept,,'i6. 

Hall, Harry, Pte., i Northd. Fus. 

b., 26 Nov.. '87 ; s., Mr. & Mrs, Hall, 23 Grange Rd,, T, Heath, 
Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Fell, Neuve Chapelle, 

5 Mar., '16. 

Hall, Jack, Pte., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 16 Jul., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. F.J. Hall, 32 Sydenham Park, 
Sydenham. Educ, Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon, Single, Res., 
Saxon Rd., Selhurst. Enl., 28 Aug., '14. Fell, Fricourt, 
Somme. Jul., '16, (Plate XVHL, 4). 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 313 

Hall, P., 1473 1, Pte., E. Sur. Regt, 

f?*; Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Hallett, Frederick Percy, Pte., 2 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 11 Oct., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Hallett, 11 Cam- 
bridge Rd., T. Heath. Enl., 27 Feb., '15. Fell, France, 
5 Sept., '16, killed by German bomb, on which he threw himself, 
thus saving lives of 7 comrades. 

Halliday, Francis, 2487, Cpl., 9 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Nutcroft Rd., Peckham, 4 Feb., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. George 
Henry Halliday, 12 Selhurst Rd., S. Norwood. Ediic, Sydenham 
Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Hairdresser. Enl., Sept., '14. 
M.M., 21 Jun., '16. D. of wounds, 16 Aug., '16. (Plate 
XXXH., 4). 

Halsey, Dougl.'vs, Rflmn., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., '98 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. W. H. Halsey, Dulwich. Fell, 16 Apr., '18. 

Hamilton, Albert Charles, Pte., 2 R. Berks. Regt. 

b., Sumner Rd., Croydon, 25 Nov., - ; s., Mr & Mrs. Hamilton, 
28 Cuthbert Rd., Croydon. Ediic, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Labourer. Enl., 15 Mar., '06 ; King George's Durbar 
Med. Fell, France, 9 May, '15. 

Hamilton, S. J., 5650, Pte., Lond. Regt. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, 'i6, 

Hammond, F., Pte., M.G.C. 

y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Hammond, 8 Surrey St., Croydon. Enl., in 
R.W.S. Regt., '14 ; transf. to Lond. Regt. and served in France, 
'16-17 ; sent home as under age, and drafted to Camb. Regt. ; 
ret. to France with M.G.C. Fell, nr. Rheims, 21 Jul., '18. 

Hammond, George Rathbone, Pte., H.A.C. 

b., Croydon, 3 Jun., '87 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. R. M. Hammond, 20 
Addis. Grove, Croydon. Educ, High Sch., Croydon, & Welling- 
borough Pub. Sch. Single. Ironmonger. Enl., 19 Apr., '15, 
D., 14 Nov., '16, of wounds reed, at Beaumont Hamel the prev. 
day. Buried, Mesnil, nr. Albert. (Plate VH., 2). 

Hammond, Harry Cecil, 62221, 8 R. Fus. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Hammond, 24 Edith Rd., S. Norwood, Educ, 
M. Whitgift Sch. Missing, Cambrai, 30 Nov., '17. 

Hammond, John Martin Richard, Lt., 11 Essex Regt. 

b., Croydon, 15 Oct. ,'96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Harold Martin Hammond, 
35 Heathfield Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Single. 
Res., Westcliff-on-Sea. Joined as 2/Lt., 22 Sept., '14. Missinq, 
Loos, 26 Sept., '15. 

Hampton, J. L., L/Cpl., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., 28 Jun., '77 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. C. A. Hampton, Selling House, 
Ewell. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '89-96. Member of L.R.B., 
'97-03 ; served in C.LV. Mounted Inf. during S.A. War. Re- 
enlisted, '14 ; served in France, Nov., '14 — May, '15. Fell, nr. 
Ypres, 3 May, '15. 

Hampton, W., Pte., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

s., Mr. & Mrs. C, A. Hampton, Selling House, Ewell. Fell, '15. 

Hamshar, v., Act.-Sgt., R.A.S.C. 
Fell, '17. 

Hancock, C, 11566, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. (attd. R.E.) 
Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '16. 

Hancock, Frederick, Pte., 44 Can. Inf. 

b-, '87 ; y.s., George & Minnie Hancock, 42 Lr. Coombe St., 
Croydon. Accidentally droicned at Allanburg Post, Ontario, 
6 Jun., '16. 



314 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Handscroft, -., Sgt., R.E. 

Married ; i son. Res., io6 Northwood Rd., T. Heath. £■«/., 

Apr., 'i6 ; D.C.M., bestowed by Mayor of Croydon and Col. 

Thompson. D. of gas poisoning, Apr., 'i8. 
Hands, Frederic, Capt., R.E. 

b., '87 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Hands, Haling Pk. Rd., Croydon. Fell,'iy. 
Harber, S. G., 15841, Pte., 12 E. Sur. Regt. 

Res., S. Croydon. 'Enl., Nov., '15. D. of wounds, 19 Jun., '17. 

Buried, Lyssenthoek Mil. Cem., Belgium. 
Harding, B., 13696, Pte., Scots Gds. 

Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '16. 
Harding, George Henry, L/Cpl., 3/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 32 Leslie Grove, Croydon, 15 Feb., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs, 

Harding, 41 Northcote Rd., Croydon. Educ, Davidson Rd. Sch., 

Croydon. Single. Cellarman, Messrs. Price, wine and spirit 

merchants. Enl., 8 Nov., '14. Fell, France, 9 Oct., '16. 
Harding, W. J., Pte., R. Fus. 

Res., 51 Windsor Rd., T. Heath. Enl., Apr., '16. Fell, France. 

4 Oct., '16. 
Hardingham, E., 703265, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

Res., Tooting. Fell, '17. 
Hardy, Alfred John, Pte., 11 Middlesex Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Hardy, 17 Kimberley Rd., Croydon. Fell, 20 

Nov , '17. 
Harman, William, Pte., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., T. Heath, 30 Mar., '86 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Harman, 91 North- 
wood Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. 

Single. Labourer. Enl., Aug., '14. D., 15 Mar., '16, at 3 Gen. 

Hosp., Sheffield, of wounds reed, in France. 
Harman, William, R.F.A. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., where he was Capt. of Mason's House. 

Enl., Aug., '14 ; served in Egypt and Gallipoli. Fell, France, 27 

Mar., '18. 
Harmer., E., Pte., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

Fell, '14. 
Harmer, S. H. H., 147412, Gnr., R.G.A. 

Res., W. Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Harmsworth, Ernest, Pte., K.O.R.L. Regt. 

b., '94 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Harmsworth, 7 Henderson Rd., Croydon, 

Empl. by Messrs. Still, Norbury. Fell, 13 Nov., '16. 
Harper, C, 89609, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Res.,W. Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Harrington, Walter, Pte., 2 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Belchamp St. Paul's, Essex, 6 Apr., '77 ; s., William & Mary 

Ann Harrington, Belchamp St. Paul's. Married. Labourer. 

Res., I Old Palace Rd., Croydon. Enl., i Dec, '14. Fell, France, 

9 Apr., '15. 
Harris, Alma, Pte., 2 R.W.S. Regt. 

Married. Res., 21 Sussex Rd., Croydon. Fell, Festubert, '15. 
Harris, Dick, Driver, R.E. 

6., '93. £•(/«£., Beulah Rd. Sch., T. Heath. i?e5., 72 Moffatt Rd., 

T. Heath. Member of Elmhurst (T. Heath) Football Club. 

Enl., 10 Aug., '14. D., in France, of pneumonia, '18. 
Harris, Frederick Albert, Pte., 2 Australian LF. 

b., Westminster, 26 May, '95. Educ, Portland Rd. Sch., 

S. Norwood. Single. Labourer. Res., Newcastle, New S. Wales. 

Enl., 20 Aug., '14. D., 15 May, '17, of wounds reed, at Bulla- 

court, 6 May, '17. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 315 

Harris, Frederick John, Pte., R. Fus. 

b., Brixton, lo Nov., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Harris, 169 Norbury 

Crescent, Norbury. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Single. Clerk. 

Enl., Sept., '14 ; served in Ecjypt, Dardanelles, France. 

£)., 9 Jul., '16, at Le Treport, of wounds reed, at Gommecourt, 

2 Jul., '16. 
Harris, G. H. C, 67^71, Cpl., R.G.A. 

Res., W. Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Harris, Herbert, 34816, Pte., 7 R. Fus. 

b., '89 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. M. Harris, 16 Devonshire Rd., Croydon. 

Empl. by Messrs. Nalder & Collyer, brewers. Enl., 16 Dec, '15. 

Fell, France, 30 Dec, '17. 
Harris, Richard, Pte., E. Kent Regt. 

.'»., 14 Mar., '87 Married; 1; children. Builder. /?«., 44 Add- 

ington Rd., Croydon. Enl., Aug., '16. Fell, 18 Mar., '18. 
Harris, Stephen, Pte., R.M.L.I. 

b., 112 Queen's Rd., Crown Hill, U. Norwood. Educ, Eden Rd. 

Sch., W. Norwood. Single. Gardener. Enl., 6 Aug., '14. 

Lo5< on H.M.S. " Indefatigable," Jutland, 31 Aug., '16. (Plate 

XI., 1). 
Harris, Sydney Francis, P.O., "Anson ' Btn., R.N.D. 

Educ. M. Whitgift Sch. Fell, 20 Feb., '17. 
Hart, Clement Albert, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Redhill, 14 Apr., '78 ; s., Mr. STMrs. Hart, 36 Leslie Pk. Rd., 

Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Single. Ship's 

steward, P. & O. Line. Res., 118 Miles Rd., Epsom. Enl., 

6 May, '16. Fell, Ypres, 24 Feb., '17. 
Hart, Conway John, Lt., Notts. & Derby. Regt. 

Fell, '16. 
Hart, Henry Reginald Essex, Sgt., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 63 Gowrie Rd., Clapham Junction, 20 Feb., '86 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 

Hart, 97 Melfort Rd., T. Heath. Educ, St. Peter's Sch., Eaton 

Sq., London, S.W. Single. Clerk. Res., Clapham Junction. 

Enl., Aug., '14. Fell, Suvla Bay, g Aug., '15. 
Hartfield, F. G., 17407, L/Sgt , Gren. Gds 

Res., T. Heath. Fell, '16. 
Harvest, Gordon Linds.\y, Lt., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Sept., '05 ; e.s., D. Richard & Mabel Harvest, " Glengarry," 

Campden Rd., Croydon. Educ, St. Anselm's, Croydon, Repton, 

and Jesus Coll., Camb. Enl. as pte. in Lond. Regt., Aug., '14 ; 

went to France, winter of '14 ; commis., '15 ; M.C., '17. 

Fell, Croisilles, France, 20 Jun., '17. 
Harvhy, Herbert Henry, L/Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

fc., '85. £'<fu<r., M. Whitgift Sch. Married. i?ei., Stanley Rd., 

Croydon. Fell, i Oct., 'i8. 
Harvey, John, Pte., RE. 

b., Southwark, 26 Dec, '75. Educ, Southwark. Married. 

Master builder. Res., 77 Denmark Rd., S. Norwood. D., 

13 Oct., 'is, of wounds reed, at Loos, 10 Oct., '15. 
Haselden, a. C. G., 650430, Sgt., Lond. Regt. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Hatt, Frederick, Driver, R.F.A. 

b., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. R. J. Hatt. Single. Operator at Electric 

Palace, T. Heath. Enl., Aug., '14. D., 12 Aug., '17, of wounds 

reed, in France the prev. day. 
Hatten, — , R.N. 

b., Croydon. Educ, Dering Place Sch., Croydon. Joined, '15. 

Killed ian H.M.S. " Defence," '16. 



3i6 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Hatten, William, Sgt., R.F.A. 

e.s., Mr. & Mrs. W. Hatten, 9 Southbridge Place, Croydon. 
Married ; 2 children. Empl. by Messrs. Crowley. Res., 17 
Southbridge Place, Croydon. Enl., '14. Fell, 24 Sept., '18. 

Hawicen, Hedley, Cpl., Australian M.-G.Btn. 

b; '95 ; s., Squadron Sgt.Maj. & Mrs. Hawken, 107 Richmond 
Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Winterbourne Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Res., 
Australia. Enl. at Melbourne, Aug., '14 ; served in Egypt, 
Gallipoli, France ; zv., once at Gallipoli, twice in France. D., 12 
Aug., '18, of wounds reed, in France 2 days prev. 

Hawkins, Kenneth Edwards, Capt., R. Fus. 

b; '93 ; 3rd s., late Mr. 8c Mrs. H. J. Hawkins, " Beaumont," 
Stanton Rd., Croydon. Educ, King's Sch., Canterbury. Went 
to France as rflmn. in Q.W. Rif., Nov., '14 ; commis, early in 
'15. M.C. D. of gas poisoning, 21 Mar., '18. 

Hawxwell, Charles Baker, Pte., 12 Middlesex Regt. 

b., Battersea, 23 Dec, '80 ; s., late Philip James, & Sarah Jane 
Hawxwell, 12 Dagmar Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Whitehorse 
Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Single. Gardener, Hyde Park. Enl., 
18 May, '16. Fell, Cherisy, 3 May, '17. 

HA-i-ES, Alfred Charles, Pte., 7 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Waddon, '97 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Alfred Charles Hayes, formerly 
res. Gloucester Rd., Croydon, and Woodside, and now of 32 
Malyon's Rd., Ladywell. Educ, Woodside Sch., Croydon ; tv., 
at Philsophe, France, 11 Nov., '16. Fell, France, 4 Aug., '17. 

Hayter, C. F., Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '98 ; s.. Ex Police-Constable & Mrs. Hayter, Clifton Rd., 
S. Norwood. Enl.. Aug., '14. Fell, France, May, '15. 

Hayward, a., 19242, R.B. 
Fell, '16. 

Hayward, Edward John, 2/Lt., 5 R. Fus. 

b., 15 Jun., '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. John Neal Hayward, Shanghai, 
China. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '07-10. Fell, Gallipoli, 15 Nov., 

'15. 
Hazell, Frederick George, Sapper, R.E. 

b., 29 Carmichael Rd., S. Norwood, 12 Feb., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 

Frederick George Hazell, 37 Carmichael Rd., S. Norwood. Educ., 

Birchanger Rd. Sch., and Stanley Tech, Sch., S. Norwood. 

Single. Electrical engineer. Memb. of St. Mark's C.L.B. Enl., 

24 Nov., '14. Fell, Ypres, 19 Jan., '16. 
Head, A. G., 7547, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

Res., T. Heath. Fell, '16. 
Heartfield, a. H., 10900, Pte., 6 D.C.L.I. 

5., Mr. & Mrs. Heartfield, 6 Station Rd., S. Norwood, Enl., 

28 Aug., '14. Fell, 23 Sept., '15. (Plate XII., i). 
Heasman, Horace James, Pte., 6 Lond. Regt. (Rifles.) 

b., Dolgelly, N. Wales, 19 Oct., '93 ; s. Edgar & Alice H. Heasman, 

8 Palmer ston Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. 

Heath. Single. Clerk at Army & Navy Stores. Enl., 6 Sept., 

'14. Fell, Loos, 25 Sept., '15. 
Hedges, G., Pte., M.G.C. 

b., '82. Married ; 2 children. Res., 64 Farnley Rd., S. Norwood. 

Fell, 24 Jul., '17. 
Hegarty, Joseph Harold, Pte , M.G.C. 

b., Hethpool St., Paddington, '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Hegarty, 62 

Saxon Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. 

Single. Apprentice engineer, empl. by Messrs. Turner & Co., 

Park St., Croydon. Enl., Mar., '17. D., i Nov., '18, at 5 

Northern Gen. Hosp., Leicester, of wounds reed, at Cambrai, 

II Oct., '18. Buried, Queen's Rd. Cem., Croydon, 5 Nov., '18. 

(Plate XVH., i). 



XIII. 









Capt. R. B. Herbi-ih , 13 Lond. Regt. (attd. R.E. Sigs.) 

Capt. A. L. James, 7 Suff. Regt. 

Lt. R. Y. Herbert, 235 Bde., R.F.A. 

Sgt. A. A. Brooks, R.E. 

Sgt. G. E. Foster, M.M., Lond. Rif. B. 

Seaman A. H. Green, R.X. 



XIV 









4 
5 
6. 



2/Lt. H. W. Barnett, 26 R. Fus. 

L/Cpl. L. B. Greenhead, 12 R. Irish Rif. 

Rflmn. H. R. Jameson, 21 Lond. Rest. 

Sgt. F. W. J. HuLETT, M.M., Machine Gun Corps 

Pte. W. A. H1R6EY, R.W.S. Regt. 

Cpl.VV.H. Gilliam. 1/23 Lond. Regt. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 317 

Hemmans, William John Weatherall, Pte., 10 R. Fus. 

6., '81 ; s.. late Maj. S. E. W., & Mrs. Hemmans, Waddon. 
Educ, Bancroft Sch., Woodford, Essex. Married. Empl. on 
Stock Exc. Res., 64 Waddon Rd., Croydon. Enl., Aug., '14. 
D., 5 May, '16, at 19 C.C.S., Doullens, of wounds reed, at 
Monchy, nr. Arras. 

Henderson\ H. W., Lt., ? (attd. 24) Manchr. Regt. 

Res., 23 Beatrice Av., Norbur>'. D. of pneumonia, in Italy, 13 
Nov., '18. 

Henderson, Patrick Gordon, a/Lt., 2 Duke of Well. (W. Riding) Regt. 
b., Aberdeen, 28 Nov., 'q8 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. Duff Henderson, 
" Femwood," Lawrie Pk. Av., Sydenham. Ednc, " The Limes," 
Croydon, " The Hall," Sydenham, & Cheltenham Coll. Single. 
Student. Res., Sydenham. Joined, Oct., '17. D., 2 May, '18, 
at Netley Hosp., Hants., of wounds reed, in France, i^ Apr., '18. 

Henman, Charles Henry Rowed, Q.M.Sgt., i Field Coy., R.N.D. 

6.. '79: X., Mr. & Mrs. Charles Henman (Architect of Croydon 
Town Hall), 12 Northcourt Rd., Worthing, and formerly of 
Crovdon. £'Jmc.. Whitgift G. Sch. Married. Fe/Z, Dardanelles, 
20 Jul., '15. 

Henry, Cyril Lloyd, L/Cpl., i H.A.C. 

b., '87. Fell, Flanders, 16 Jun., '15. 

Hensman, E. H.. Sgt., 16 Middlesex Regt. 

Asst. Master, Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon, since Nov., '04 
Enl., Nov., '14. Fell, France, 29 Jan., '16. 

Kenwood, John Edwin, 2/Lt., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '96 ; 2nd s., Mr. & Mrs. H. J. Henwood, " Ivydene," Bensham 
Manor Rd., T. Heath. Enl., Aug., '14 ; zv., Ypres, Jul., '15. 
Accidentally killed, Egypt, i Jul., '16. 

Herbert, Robert Bingley, Capt., 13 Lond. Regt. (Kensingtons), attd. 
R.E. Signal Serv. 

b.. Park Lane, Croydon, 25 Nov., '82 ; s., Edward & Helen Frances 
Mather Herbert, Ludford House, Duppas Hill, Croydon. Educ, 
Bradfield Coll., Berks. Married, Margen,', y. daughter of 
Richard Joseph Grant, of Croydon. Stockbroker. Res., " The 
Corner House," Links Rd., Epsom, itw/. in Kensingtons 5 or 6 
yrs. before war ; signals officer, 142 Inf. Bde. Fell, nr. " The 
Tower Bridge," Loos, 30 Sept., '15. (Plate XIII., i). 

Herbert, Ronald Young, Lt., 235 Bde., R.F.A. (5 Lond. Bde.) 

b., Oakfield Rd., Croydon, q Apr. '78 ; s., Edward & Helen 
Frances Mather Herbert, Ludford House, Duppas Hill, Croydon. 
Ednc. by Rev. W. J. Bomford, " Homefield," Sutton, at Bradfield 
Coll., Berks., & Balliol Coll., Oxford ; 2nd class Hon. in Mod. 
History, '01 ; M.A. Single. Solicitor. Joined as 2/Lt., Aug., 
'15; ment. in despatches, '16. Fe//, Wjtschaete Wood, Flanders, 
23 Sept., '17. (Plate XIII., 3). 

Herod, Leonard William, Cpl. (Act.-Sgt.), 7 Northants. Regt. 

b., 107 Cherrv Orch. Rd., Croydon, 17 Mar., '04 ; s., Mr. & Mrs, 
Herod, 109 Cherry Orch. Rd., Croydon. Educ, Oval Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Railway clerk. Res., 109 Cherry Orch. Rd., 
Croydon. Enl., Oct., '14. Fell, 17 or 18 Aug., '17. 

Herrington, William James, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Herrington, 31 Derby Rd., W. Croydon. 
Fell, 22 Apr., '16. 

Hersey, H., log-iS, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 
Res., W. Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Hersey, W., i R.W.S. Regt. 
Fell, '15. 



3i8 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Hesketh, John James, Bandsman, 2 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Caterham, 23 Aug., '97 ; s., John & Ellen Hesketh, 36 Bynes 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, Caterham. Single. Res., Caterham. 
D. of wounds, 4 Oct., '17. 

Hewens, Ronald C, Pte., Glo'ster Regt. 

5., Mr. & Mrs. Hewens, 56 Buxton Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Bore 
Sec. Sch., Croydon. Empl. by Messrs. J. & J. Colman, Ltd . 
of Cannon St., E.G. Fell, 31 May, '18. 

Hewett, Edmund Geoffrey, Capt., 4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 18 Nov., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Percival William Hewett, Water- 
field, Wallington, Surrey. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '07-13. Fell, 
Gallipoli, 2 Dec, '15. 

Hewitson, Jack, Pte., Middlesex Regt. 

b., '84. Married. Res., 50 Galpin's Rd., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 

Hewitt, G., Pte., 11 Essex Regt. 

b., '83 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Hewitt, 180 Moffatt Rd., T. Heath. 
Educ, Beulah Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Enl. in Middlesex Yeom., 
Aug., 'is ; proceeded to France, 29 May, '17 ; awarded M.M. 
and French Croix de Guerre for gallant conduct nr. Dickebush, 
Ypres, 28 May, '18. D. of wounds reed, in France, 2 Jun., 'i8. 
Buried, Esquelbecq. 

Hewitt, J., 6710, R.W.S Regt. 

Res., Croydon. D., while pris. of war in German hands, '17. 

Hextall, Leonard John, Lt., Can. Inf. 

b., 6 Nov., '90 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. John Hextall, Canada. Educ, 
Whitgift G. Sch., '05-06. Ment. in despatches. 

Heyward, Harry Neale, 2/Lt., 2 D.L.L 

b., Dulwich, '89 ; 2rd s., Dr. & Mrs. Heyward, 11 Dornton Rd., 
Croydon. Educ, Farnham G. Sch., and Durham Univ.; studying 
for Holy Orders. Res., Castlemaine Av., Norbury. Joined, 
Durham Univ. O.T.C., '14. Fell, Somme, 10 Oct., '16. 

Heyward, Maurice, Act.-Capt., 8 Dev. Regt. 

b., Dulwich, '91 ; s.. Dr. & Mrs. H. Heyward, 11 Dornton Rd., 
Croydon. Educ, Farnham G. Sch., and King's Coll., London ; 
B.A., with Hon.; studying for Holy Orders. Joined Lond. Univ . 
O.T.C., '14 ; commis. in Dorset Regt. Fell, Somme, 20 Jul., '16. 

Hicks, Frank Harold, Cpl., i Lond. Regt. 

Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Fell, 30 Oct., '17. 

HiDER, Henry, Pte. 

b., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Hider, 10 Bensham Lane, T. Heath. 
Enl., 20 Jan., '15 ; w., early in '17. Fell, 20 Sept., '17. 

Hierons, John Henry, Pte., 13 Glo'ster Regt. 

b., T. Heath, 5 Jan., '81 ; s., Charles & Eliza Hierons. Educ, 
Beulah Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Married. Bricklayer. Res., 11 
Crowland Rd., T. Heath. Enl., 20 Jan.,'17. Fell, France, ^o 
Mar., '18. " 

Hill, H., Pte., E. Kent Regt. 

b., '80. Married ; i child. Groundsman at Purley Downs Golf 
Links. Res., 84 Bynes Rd., Croydon. Enl., Jun., '16. Fell, 3 
May, '17. 
Hill, Reginald Gordon, Lt., R.A.M.C. 

b., '87 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. George W. Hill, Highgate. Educ, 
Chigwell Sch., Whitgift G. Sch., Lond. Univ.& St. Bartholomew's, 
Hosp., where he graduated M.B., & B.Sc. Married Ivy Elizabeth, 
daughter of Mr. & Mrs. W. G. Rayner. of " Armaside," Purley. 
For some time House-surgeon, St. Batholomew's Hosp., House- 
surgeon, Great Northern Hosp., and first Surgeon to the Ottoman 
Forces in Tripoli during war between Italy and Turkey. Commis. 
in R.F.A., '14 ; served in France and Egypt ; later transf. to 
R.A.M.C. and attd. to Coldstream Gds. ; M.C., '17. Fell, 11 
Oct., '17. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 319 

Hill, S. G., 48949, Gnr., R.G.A, 
Res., T. Heath. FeU, '17. 

HiLLMAN, Harold Alexander AIoore, Lt., 11 Yorks. Regt. 

b., Wallington, Surrey, i Feb., '85 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. S. Hillman, 
12 Quadrant Rd.,T. Heath. £'(/wc., High Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Empl. by Law Guarantee and Trust Soc. Society entertainer. 
Enl. in R. Fus. as pte., Sept., '14. Fell, Fricourt, i Jul., 'i6. 

Hills, R., 31052, Pte., S. Lanes. Regt. 
Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '17. 

HiLLYARD, Harry Thomas, Act.-Cpl., i R.B. 

6., Wandsworth Common, 23 Jul.; '99 ; s., Thomas William & 
Eva Emily Hillyard, 88 St. James' Rd., Croydon. Educ, 
M. Whitgift & Whitgift G. Schs. Single. Chartered accountant's 
clerk. Enl., 23 Aug., '17. Fell, nr. Drocourt-Queant Switch 
(Hindenburg line), i Sept., 'iS. 

Hilton, Alfred W., E. Sur. Regt. 

Ex-Croydon Volunteer Fireman. 

HiNRiCH, Walter, L/Cpl., 9 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 5 Sept., '91 ; s., late Mr. & Mrs. Hinrich, 89 Edward 
Rd., Croydon. E'^j^c, Woodside Sch., Croydon. Single. Slater 
and tiler. Enl., Oct., '15. D. i Jul., '16, of wounds reed. prev. 
day. Buried, Corbie, Somme. 

HiNTON, A. E., 1 1048, Pte., D.C.L.L 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '16. 

HiNTON, W., 6282, Pte., Middlesex Regt. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

HoBBS, Alfred Herbert, Leading Signalman, R.N. 

b.. Upper Holloway, 20 Nov., '77. Educ. Nat., Sch., Brighton. 
Married. Caretaker, Croydon Gas Coy's Offices. Joined, '95 ; 
served on H.M.S. " Impregnable " ; Somaliland Med.; left the 
service in '07, and re-joined as reservist, Aug., '14, Lost with 
H.M.S. " Cressy," torpedoed in N. Sea, 22 Sept., '14. 

HocKHAM, Stephen, Pte., 10 R.B. 

b., Newtown, U. Norwood, 29 Dec, '84 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Hockham, 
22 Eagle Hill, U. Norwood. Educ, Rockmount Rd. Sch., 
U.Norwood. Married. Labourer. i?e5.. 3 Eagle Hill, U.Norwood. 
Enl., Sept., '14. D., 25 Aug., *i6, at his residence, from the 
effects of gas poisoning. 

HoCKLFY, Jesse, Pte., Duke of Wellington's (W. Riding) Regt. 

Married ; 3 children. Empl. as motor van driver by Whitehorse 
Laundry. Res., 135 Ecclesbourne Rd., T. Heath. Enl., 
16 Feb., '16. Fell, Cambrai, 27 Nov., '17. 

Hodder, George Joseph, L/Cpl., Northants. Regt. 

b., Penge, i Aug., '99 ; s., George Joseph William & Martha Jane 
Hodder, 57 Wortley Rd., Croydon. Educ, Boston Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Asst. druggist. Enl., 9 Oct., '17. D., 27 
Sept., '18, at 6 Gen. Hosp., Rouen, of wounds reed. 18 Sept., '18. 

Hodge, John Percival Hermon, 2/Lt., 1/4 Ox. & Bucks. L.L 

Educ, Summerfield Sch. & Radley Coll. Joined, Sept., '14, 
Fell, 28 May, '15. 

Hodges, Arthur Berkeley, Pte., 8 Leicester Regt. 

b., Wimbledon, 22 Mar., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. F. Hodges, 92 St. 
James' Rd., Croydon. Educ. by Miss Harlands, at Brit. Sch., 
Croydon and Clark's Coll. Single. Civil Service clerk. Res., 92 
St. James' Rd., Croydon. Enl., Mar., '17. Killed by enemy 
bomb while in Epernay Mil. Hosp., France, where he was recover- 
ing from wounds. 



320 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Hodgson, C. M., Lt., R.F.A. 

2nd s.. Rev. & Mrs. H. A. Hodgson, Beddington Rectory. Ednc, 
Whitgift G. Sch., '92-01. D., of wounds reed. 17 Jun., '17. 
Hodgson, W., 20994, Pte., E. Yorks. Regt. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '16. 
Hogg, Ernfst, Pte., R. Fus. 

Fell, '15. 
Hogg, H. W.. 9673, Driver, R.F.A. 

Res., Mitcham. Fell, '17. 
HoLDSWORTH, W. H., 8 Manchr. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Holdsworth, " Black Boy," Pitlake, Croydon. 
Enl. about '00. Fell, Dardanelles, i Jun., '15. 
Holland, Arthur James, Pte., 6 E. Kent Regt. 

b., 42 Waddon New Rd., Croydon, '91 ; s., Arthur James & 
Annie Holland, 4 Derby Grove, Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Undertaker's coachman. Enl., 9 Aug., '17. 
Fell, Epehy, 18 Sept., '18. 
Holland, Frank, Trooper, 3 Bde., i Can. Contingent. 

b., 28 Nov., '83 ; 5 , Mr. & Mrs. Walter Holland. Educ, Whit- 
gift G. Sch., '99-02. Fell, Flanders, 17 Jun , '15. 
Hollands, Albert Edv^^ard, Pte., 4 King's L/pool Regt. 

b., 74 Addison Rd., S. Norwood, 9 Nov., '95 ; s., Charles & Annie 
Hollands, 57 Addison Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Birchanger Rd. 
Sch., S. Norwood. Single. Asst. pastry cook. £■«/., 9 Jan., '16. 
Fell, France, 22 Apr., '17. 
Holman, George, Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

W., Nov., '14. Fell, France, 22 Aug., '15. 
Holmes, C, Sgt. 

Married ; 3 children. Res., 135 Southbridge Rd., Croydon, 
Fell, 9 Aug., '18. 
Holmes, Edward Marmaduke, L/Cpl., Middlesex Regt. 

b., 41 Fontarabia Rd., Clapham, 23 Apr., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 
Edward Holmes, 46 Selhurst Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, T. Heath 
Sch. (Mr. Davies"). Single. Corn dealer. Enl., 18 May, 'i6. 
Fell, Geauzecourt, nr. Peronne. 9 Apr., '17. 
Holmes, Harold Ralph, Rflmn., Lond. Regt. 

6., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. E. A. Hardy, Sunbury House, Mitcham 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon. Bank clerk, 
Lond. City & Mid. Bank. Eid., '16. Fell, France, 16 Aug., '17. 
Holmes, Hubert Harold, Pte., 22 R. Fus. 

b., St. Paul's, Deptford, 23 Feb., '89 ; s., Mr. & late Mrs. George 
Holmes, 24 Bredon Rd., Croydon. Educ., Birchanger Rd. Sch., 
S.Norwood. Single. Clerk at E. Croydon Stn. Enl., 2 }nn.,' 16. 
Fell, Petit Miraumont, 17 Feb., '17. 
Holmes, Sydney Ewart, Pte., 7 R. Fus. 

b., Leicester, 18 Nov., '91 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Frances Holmes, 59 
Collier's Water Lane, T. Heath. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., 
T. Heath & Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon. Single. Clei-k. Enl, 
3 Apr., '16. Fell, France, 13 Nov., '16. 
Holyman, C. W. 

b., '77. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Fell, '17. 
Holyman, Leslie Ebenezer, 2/Lt., i/s R.W. Kent Regt. 

b., 23 Jun., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Ebenezer Holyman, "Glendower," 
Woodcote Rd., Wallington. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '03-06. 
Hone, Gilbert Bentoit, 2/Lt., R.F.A. 

5., Mr. & Mrs. Daniel Hone, S. Norwood. Fell, 18 Aug., '17. 
Hook, Frederick George, Pte., Manchr. Regt. 

6., 33 Basing Rd., Peckham. Married. i?es., 3 Sunny Croft Rd., 
S. Norwood. Enl., in R.W.S. Regt. Fell, France, 23 Apr., '17. 



XV. 









Gnr. J. H. Mugford, R.G.A. 
Pte. J. A. Mitchell, i/s Seaforth H. 
Pte. E. G. Gatland, 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 
L/Cpl. W. R.George, Artists Rif. 
A.B. Seaman S. H. Letts, R.N. 
Pte. A. GiBBS, I R.W.S. Regt. 



XVI. 









Pte. E. W. H. Knell, Civ. Serv. Rif. (15 I.ond. Regt.) 

Signaller P. Kent, R.W.S. Regt. 

2/Lt. J. J.Langford, 18 King's R R.C. 

Pte. C.F. KiRSCH, Lanes. Fus. 

Trooper E. S. Jones, 20 Hussars 

2/Lt. W. G. Langford, 18 King's R.R.C 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 321 

Hook, J., 4821, R.W.S. Regt. 

Res., W. Croydon. D., while prisoner in German hands, '17. 

HoOKE, John Clement, Pte., 14 Aust. I.F. 

b., 14 May, '79 ; s., John & Avis Hooke, 2-^ Birdhurst Rise, 
Croydon. Ediic, Whitgift G. Sch., '89-Q4. Served in S.A War 
with C.I.V. ; S.A. Med., 2 clasps for Modder River & Paardeburg. 
D. of pneumonia, E^ypt, 7 Mar., '15. 

HooKE, Utten Lamont, Lt.-Col., 3/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

y.s., John & Avis Hooke, 2-? Birdhur.st Rise, Crovdon. Married, 
Enid Ayesha; daughter of Mr. & Mrs. Wyndham Brodie, of Wylde 
Green, Birmingham ; i son. Director of Teetgen & Coy., Ltd. 
Res., 68 Park Lane, Croydon. Enrolled in the 2nd Volunteer Btn. 
of R. Suss. Rect., '99-00 ; served with a commis. in ist Volunteer 
Btn., R.W.S. Regt., '05-07 ; transf. to Terr ; Capt., 7 Jan., '07 ; 
Maj., 7 Mar., '10 ; Lt.-Col., 5 Mav, 'i'; ; posted to 2/4 R.W.S. 
Regt., 17 Nov., '14. and to 3/4 R.W.S. Regt. 17 Apr., '15. Fell, 
Roeux, France, 21 Jun., '17. 

Hooker, E. D., 19738, Pte , Border Regt. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Hoole, R. H., 2/Lt., R.W.S. Regt. 
Fell, '16. 

Hooper, J., /17833, Pte., Northd. Fus 
Res., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 

Hooton, Edward Cedric, Lt , R. Warwick. Regt 

b., '91 ; V.J., late Mr., & Mrs. Edward Charles Hooton, i Chepstow 
Rise, Croydon. Fell, 26 or 27 Jun., '16. (Plate XXXH., 2). 

Hope, Bertie Frederick, 7155, Pte., i R.W.S. Regt. 

b., W. Firle, Suss., 28 Jun., '85. Married. Labourer. Res., 
192 Gloucester Rd., E. Croydon. Called up on res., 5 Aug., '14. 
Fell, Ypres, 6 Nov., '14. 

Hopkins, Ernest, Sapper, R.E. 

b., Brighton Rd., Croydon, 22 Jun., '91 ; s., Robert Walter 
& Elizabeth Hopkins, 10 Beaconsfield Rd., Croydon. Edttc ., 
Brighton Rd. Sch., Croydon, & Hook Rd. Sch., Epsom. Single. 
Carpenter. Ew/., 6 Apr., '15. D. of dysentery, 31 Gen. Hosp., 
Port Said, 17 May, '16. 

Hopkins, LAtmENCE Hilton, Capt., i/i Huntingdonshire Regt., attd. 
I Cambs. Regt. 

ft., " The Rectory," Chigwell Row, Essex, 30 Jan., '92 ; s., Mr. and 
Mrs. Hopkins, Woodmansteme Rd., Purley. Edttc, St. John's 
Sch., I.,eatherhead. Single. Engineer. Res., Peterborough and 
Purley (from '16). Enl., as pte., 3 Sept., '14. Fell, Dublain St. 
Nazair, France, 7 Oct., '18. 

Horn, G. A., 17337, Pte., R. Berks. Regt. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Hornby, E. R. 

HoRNETT, Michael James, Pte., 3/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, i Apr., '83 ; 2nd s., late Mr. & Mrs. John Homett, 
Keeley Rd., Croydon. Educ., St. Mary's Sch., Wellesley Rd., 
Croydon. Married. Dairyman. Res., 5 Tamworth Rd , W. 
Croydon. Enl., 7 Jun., '16. Fell, France, 22 Oct., '17. 

HoRNETT, William Robert. Pte., 9 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., London, 9 Dec, '87 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. William Hornett, 112 Old 
Town, Croydon. Educ, St. Mary's Sch., Croydon. Married. 
Decorator. Res., Percy Rd , S. Norwood. Enl., Oct., '14 ; 
w., 28 Feb., '16. Fell, Delville Wood, 3 Sept., '16. 



32Z THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

HoRNEY, Gordon Arthur, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 13 Nov., '98 ; s., Arthur & Decima Homey, 
" KLnapdale," St. James' Rd.. Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Sign writer. Enl., Feb., '17 ; w., Egypt, '18. 
D. of wounds reed, in France, 28 Jul., '18 ; buried, Mont Noir 
Cem., St. Jans Cappel, nr. Poperinghe. 

HoRNSBY, Ernest Richard. 

y.s., Mr. & Mrs. W. E. Hornsby, London Rd., Croydon. M.M. 
D. of wounds at 55 C.C.S., France, 14 Nov., '18. 

Horton, Cyril Aubrey, Pte., Aust. I.F. 

b., 20 Apr., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Emmanuel William Horton, 
" Sunnylands," Hinton Rd., Wallington. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. 
Fell, Gallipoli. 

HosKiNS, S., Sgt., R.F.C. 

Empl. by Croydon Corp. Roads Dept. D. of bronchial 
pneumonia, '18. 

Howard, Albert Edward, Pte., M.G.C. 

Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Married. Carman. Res., 
Adelaide Cottage, Adelaide St., Croydon. Enl., 16 Aug., '17. 
D., 26 Mar., '18, at 41 Stat. Hosp., of wounds reed, on Somme 
prev, day. 

Howard, Charles Edwin, Sgt., 2 Border Regt. 

b., Brockley, 14 Feb., '87 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Howard, 124 Foxbury 
Rd., Brockley. Educ, Brockley Rd. Sch. Married. Motorman. 
Res., 29 Guildford Rd., Croydon. Enl., 3 Aug., '14. Fell, 
France, 28 Feb., '17. 

Howard, Henry Vincent, Sub-Lt., R.N.V.R. 

b., Bethnal Green, 17 Oct., '90 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Howard, 
" Moineau Lodge," Longstock, Stockbridge, Hants. Educ, 
Salway Coll., Leytonstone, Essex. Single. Audit clerk. Res., 
20 St. John's Gr., Croydon. Enl., as seaman, 8 Sept., '14. Fell, 
Ancre, 13 Nov., '16. 

Howard, Herbert, L/Cpl., 10 R.Fus. 

Married. Head gardener, " Belmont," Radcliffe Rd,, Croydon. 
Res., 17 Northway Rd., Croydon. Enl., 29 Jul., '16. Fell, 
Frampaux, nr. Arras, 23 Apr., '17. (Plate XH., 4). 

Howard, L. B., 9529, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 
Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '16. 

Howell, Percy Victor George, Pte., Can. A.M.C. 

b., Croydon, 24 Oct., '83 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. G. F. Howell, 66 Limes 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, Brit. Sch., Croydon. Married. Empl. 
on hosp. staff. Res., London, Ontario. Enl., Sept., '15. D., 
12 Mar., '18, at St. Pol Mil. Hosp., France, of wounds reed, at 
Passchendaele Ridge, 9 Mar., '18. 

Howlett, Arthur Alfred, L/Cpl., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Southbridge Rd., Croydon, 31 Oct.,-; s., Mr. & Mrs. Howlett, 
44 Priory Rd., Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch,, Croydon. 
Single. Carman. Res., 113 Wentworth Rd., Croydon. Enl., 
8 Jan., '11. Fell, France, 25 Apr., '15. 

Howlett, Ernest George, Pte., 7 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., S. Croydon ; s., Mr. & Mrs. R. Howlett, 44 Priory Rd., Croy- 
don. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Syphon- 
filler. Enl., 27 Feb., '15. Fell, France, i Jul., '16. 

Howlett, George Charles, Sapper, R.E. 

b., Kennington, 20 Feb., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Howlett, 33 Ion Rd., 
T. Heath. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Single. 
Gas fitter. Enl., s Sept., '13. Discharged, unfit for further 
service, 20 Jan., '16. D. at his home, 23 Oct., '16. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 323 

Hoy, Job (Joe), Cpl., i R.W.S. Regt. 

b.y '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Hoy, 30 Holmesdale Rd., S. Norwood. 
Married. Etil., '14 ; served in France, '14 (Mons)-'i8 ; twice 
zv. and gassed. Fell, France, 21 Sept., '18. 

Hubbard, Charlie F., Pte., Dev. Regt. 

b; '95 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. G. Hubbard, late of 21 Derby Rd., 
Croydon. Empl. by Croydon Co-Operative Soc. Enl., '14 ; 
w., Oct., '15. Fell, I Aug., '17. 

Hubble, Frederick Richard, 2/Lt., R.A.S.C. (M.T.) 

b., Hunton, nr. Maidstone, Kent, 11 Feb., '80 ; s., Mr. & Mr3. 
W. W. Hubble, " The Elms," Hunton, nr. Maidstone. Educ, 
Chatham House, Ramsgate. Married. Hop factor. Res., 46 
Chisholm Rd., Croydon. Enl. as pte., 30 Nov., '15. D., 2 Aug., 
'18, at 10 Stat. Hosp., St. Omer, of concussion, incurred nr. St. 
Omer, 24 Jul., '18. 

HuGGETT, Harold Charles, Rflmn., K.R.R.C. 

b., Deptford, 2 Feb., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. E. A. Huggett, 4 Mead- 
vale Rd., Croydon. Educ, Mantle Rd. Sch., Brockley, & Clark's 
Coll., New Cross. Single. Clerk. Enl., 15 Mar., '17. Fell, 
Flavey le Martel, France, 21 Mar., '18. 

Huggett, W., 1252, Pte., R. Fus. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '16. 

Hughes, E., 88415, Pte., Lab. Corps. 
Res., S. I^orwood. Fell, '17. 

Hughes, Gordon McGregor, 2/Lt., R. Berks. Regt. 

b., 22 Dec, '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Alfred McGregor Hughes, 
Newlands Pk., Sydenham. Educ, " The Hall," Sydenham, and 
Whitgift G. Sch., '09-11. Enl. in L.R.B., '14 ; trench feet, '14 ; 
commis., '15. Fell, 8 Aug., '16. 

HuLETT, Ezra James Stannell, Signaller, 67 Coy., M.G.C. 

b., Eversley, Hants, 18 Jul., '97 ; s., Frederick & Emily Hulett, 
14 Grasmere Rd., Woodside. Educ, Birchanger Rd. Sch., S. 
Norwood, and Skerry's Coll., Croydon. Single. Solicitor's clerk. 
Enl. in 24 Middlesex, Nov., '15. D. of malarial fever, at 29 
Gen. Hosp., Salonica, 22 Oct., '16. (Plate XVH., 3). 

Hulford, George Ervin, Gnr., R.F.A. 

h., '93 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Hulford, 88 Waddon New Rd., Croydon. 
Seaman, empl. by Shaw, Saville & Albion Line. Enl., Feb., '15 ; 
w., twice in '17. Fell, 9 Dec, '17. 

Humphrey, H. E., 61897, Pte., R. Fus. 
Res., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 

Humphrey, W. J., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., '86. Married. Res., Sussex Rd., Croydon. D. of wounds 
reed., France, 10 Jan., '16. 

Humphreys, Percy G., Cpl., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

Empl. by Croydon Gas Coy. Res., Caterham. Enl., in Terri- 
torials prev. to war ; served in India 22 months. Fell, Arras, 
9 Apr., '17. 

Humphreys, Stanley Howard, 2/Lt., E. Sur. Regt. 
Fell, Cambrai, 20 Nov., '17. 

Humphries, Walter William, Pte., 7 E. Kent Regt. 

b., 5 Mitcham Rd., Croydon, 11 Jan., '98 ; 2nd s., late Mr. & Mrs. 
John Humphries, 5 Mitcham Rd., Croydon. Educ, Christ Ch. 
Sch., Croydon, and Sir John Cass Tech. Inst. Empl. as metal 
refiner by Messrs. Johnson, Matthey & Co., assayers. Enl., 12 
Jan., '17. Fell, Poelcapelle, 12 Oct., '17. 



324 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Hunt, Alfred John, Gnr., R.F.A. 

b.. Barking, 17 Apr., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. J. Hunt, 18 Jesmond 
Rd., Croydon. Single. Enl., Aug., '15. Fell, France, 
7 May, '17. 

Hunt, Arthur William, Sgt., 8. R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 12 Apr., '94 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Hunt, 22 St. John's Rd., 
Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Single. Clerk, empl. 
by Messrs. Rickett Smith. Enl., in Terr., '08 ; awarded cer- 
tificate for distinguished conduct in the field, 22-31 Oct., '17. 
D. of wounds reed, in France, 6 Nov., '18. 

Hunt, Cyril Gladstone, Sapper, 4 Field Survey Coy. R.E. 

b., Grayshott, Hants., 10 May, '98 ; 2nd s., Mr. & Mrs. William 
Charles Hunt, 154 Frant Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Boro. Sec. Sch., 
Croydon. Civil Service clerk (Inland Rev.). Enl., Feb., '17, in 
Civil Service Rif. (15 Lond. Regt.) ; transf. to K.R.R.C. ; w., 
27 Aug., '17 ; transf. to R.E. Fell, Broodseinde, Ypres, 9 Apr., 
'18. Buried, Potizge Chateau Cem., Ypres. 

Hunt, Ernest John, Torpedo Instructor, R.N. 

b., '85 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. John Hunt, 58 Love Lane, S. Norwood. 
Educ., Birchanger Rd. Sch.', S. Norwood. Married ; 2 children. 
Joined when 16 years old. FelL Jan., '18. 

Hunt, G. Victor, i E. Sur. Regt. 

b., '98. D. of wounds reed, at Hill 60, 22 May, '15. 

Hunt, Harold Arthur, Sgt., 10 Can. Cont. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Edward Allen Hunt, 17 Eileen Rd., S. Norwood, 
D., I Jun., '15, at Boulogne, of wounds reed., France, 22 May, '15. 

Hunt, Harry William Kingswell, Trooper, 2 King Edward's Horse. 
b., 21 Nov., '82 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. George Henry Hunt, " Leecroft," 
St. Peter's Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '96-00. 
Married. Served in S.A. War. Fell, Flanders, 

Hunt, J., 6744, Middlesex Regt. 
Res., Croydon. Fell. '17. 

Hunt, Leslie Ernest, Pte., R. Fus. 

b., '87 ; znds., Mr. & Mrs. G. H. Hunt, 70 Bedford Court Mans., 
London, W.C., and formerly of Croydon, Married. Res., 20 
Wydehurst Rd., Croydon. D., 24 Oct., '17, of wounds reed, 
prev. day. 

Hunt, Louis Gordon, 2/Lt., Q.V. Rif. (9 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Streatham, 7 Nov., '98 ; y.s., F. A. & E. A. Hunt, 112 Brighton 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon. Single, 
Clerk. £■«/., as rflmn. in 5 Lond. Regt., 8 May, '16. Fe/Z, Epehy, 
22 Sept., '18. 

Hunt, T. R., 1563, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 
Fell, '16. 

Hunter, Alexander F., 2/Lt. 

Res., S. Norwood. Fell, 23 May, '16. 

Hursey, William Augustus, Pte., R.W.S Regt, 

b.. Oak Cottage, Caterham, 20 Jul., '97 ; s., late Mr. & Mrs. 
Hursey, Court Rd., Caterham. Educ, Caterham Counc. Sch. 
Single. Under-gardener. Enl, 3 Sept., '13. Fell, France, 18 
Jan., '15. (Plate XIV., 5). 

Hyde, P. C, 65052, Pte., Lab. Corps. 

Res., S. Croydon. D. of wounds, '17. 

Idle, Arthur Wilberforce, L/Cpl., 5 Lond. Regt. (L.R.B.) 

b., Clapham, 14 Oct., '90 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Idle, 42 Dagnall Pk., 
Croydon. Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., & Boro. Sec. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Traveller. Enl., 5 Aug., '14 ; served ia 
France, Nov., '14-Mar., '18. Missing, France, Mar., '18, 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 325 

Idle, George Stephen, Rflmn., Civil Serv. Rif. (15 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Clapham, 12 Mar., '92 ; znds., Mr. & Mrs. Idle, 42 Dagnall Pk,, 

Croydon. Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., & Boro. Sec. Sch., Croy- 
don. Single. Insurance clerk. Enl., 31 Aug., '14. D., 4 Jul., 

'16, at Newport, Mons., of wounds reed. nr. Bethune, Nov., '15. 
Igoea, W. E., 20808. Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., '98. Res., 58 Croydon Or., Croydon. D. of wounds, France, 

5 Apr., '16. 
Iles, H., 25529, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Croydon, '85, Educ, Oval Rd. Sch., Croydon, Married. 

Fell, 12 Oct., '17. 
Illott, F. H.. 71373, Sgt., R.F.A. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Imison, Arthur Ernest, Sapper, R.E. Sig. Coy. 

b., St. Andrew's St., Wandsworth Rd., Clapham, 19 Sept., '98 ; 

s., Richard George & Rosa Maria Imison, 26 Notson Rd., S. 

Norwood. Educ, Woodside, Bynes Rd., & Sydenham Rd. Schs., 

Crovdon, Sc Tennyson St. Sch., Battersea. Single. Booking 

clerk, L.B.& S.C.R. Enl., 26 Apr., '15. Fell, N. of Ypres, 12 Jun., 

'17. Buried in cem. on banks of Yser Canal. 
Ingham, J., 94792, Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Ingham, 107 Sutherland Rd., Croydon. 

E?d., '14 ; zv.. Loos, '15. D., of fever contracted in Mesopotamia, 

'17. 
Ingram, Frederick, Sgt., Middlesex Regt. 

b., '81. Married. Fell, 3 Jan., '18. 
Ingrams, Frank Ridley, Capt., 9 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., 8 Dec, '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Frank Charles Ingrams, 7 Birdhurst 

Rd., Croydon. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch., & Whitgift G. Sch., 

Croydon, '12-14. Ment. in despat., '16 ; M.C., Sept., '16. Fell, 

Delville Wood, Somme, 3 Sept., '16. 
Inkerman, George J., A.B. Seaman, R.N. 
Inman, T., Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., '89 ; 2nd s., Mr. & Mrs. Inman, 87 Waddon New Rd., 

Croydon. Married. Hairdresser. Enl., '17. Fell, 2 Oct., '18. 
Innes, J. S. d'A., Lt., R.F.A. 

b., '87 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. C. E. S. Innes, 5 Bingham Rd., Addis. 

Married. Res., 20 Grasmere Rd., S. Norwood. M.C. Fell, 5 

Aug., '17. 
Innocent, E. J., Lt., R.W. Kent Regt. 

Fell, '16. 
Isaacs, Henry Roland, 2/Lt., SuflF. Regt. 

b., 20 Feb., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Joseph A. Isaacs, 140 Lr. Addis. 

Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '12-13. Enl. in Artists 

Rif. Fell, France, '17. 
IvESON, Edwin, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Hackney, 9 Oct., '93 ; s., William James & Frances Iveson, 
1 1 1 Woodville Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Ecclesbourne Rd. Sch., T, 

Heath. Single. Photo process photographer. Enl., in Sur. 

Yeom., 18 Oct., '14 ; served in Italy, France, & Dardanelles, 

Fell, Achiet-le-Grand, 22 Mar., '18. 
IvisoN, Edgar Sydney, Gnr., R.F.A. 

Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Droivned, 23 Oct., '15, 
Ivory, John Arthur, Lt., M.G.C. (attd. R.N.D.) 

b., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. J. Ivory, Coulsdon. Educ, Whitgift 
G. Sch. Served in France, '16-18 ; w., Ypres, May, '17 ; shell 
shock, '18. Fell, 27 Sept., '18 



326 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Jackson, A. E., Pte., 3 R. Fus. 

b., S. Norwood, 22 Jan., '95 ; s., David & Sarah Jackson, 29- 
Kynaston Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Birchanger Rd. Sch., S. Nor- 
wood. Single. Apprentice compositor. /?e5., 29 Kynaston Rd., 
T. Heath. Enl., 7 Sept., '14 ; trained at Falmouth ; went to 
France, 27 Feb., '15. Fell, Ypres, 24 May, '15. 

Jackson, E. R., Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Empl. by Messrs. Page & Overton, Croydon. Res., 102 Mitcham 

Rd., Croydon. Enl., i Nov., '14. Fell, 25 Sept., '15. 
Jackson, F., Cpl., R. Fus. 

Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Married. Res., 58 Church St., 

Croydon. Fell, 14 Mar., '17. 
Jackson, Henry Steward, Lt., K.O .Y.L.I. 

b., 23 Aug., '95 ; s.. Rev. & Mrs. Sydney Jackson, 12 Graham Rd., 

Mitcham. Educ, St. John's Sch., Leatherhead, & Whitgift G. 

Sch., '08-11. Medical student at Lond. Univ. 
Jackson, Stephen, Pte., Essex Regt. 

2nd s., Mr. & Mrs. Jackson, 33 Lodge Rd., Croydon. Married ; 

I child. Enl., '15. Fell, 11 Jul., '17. 
Jackson, Walter James, Pte., 2 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 5 Apr., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Jackson, 57 Exeter Rd., 

Croydon. Educ, Woodside Sch., Croydon. Single. Labourer. 

Enl., 6 May, '15. Fell, Delville Wood, Somme, i Sept., '16. 

Jacobs, A. J. 

Res., Surrey St., Croydon. D. in Italy, 29 Oct., '18. 

James, Arthur Ling, Capt., 7 SufF. Regt. 

b.. Bury St. Edmunds, 15 Aug., '84 ; s., A. & H. E. James, 
" Newbury," Quadrant Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Soham G. Sch. 
Single. Civil Service clerk (India Office). Served in Territorials 
for 6 years prior to war ; mobilised with Civil Service Btn., as 
signal sgt., 12 Aug., '14 ; commis, 9 Sept., '14. Fell, Mouquet 
Farm, France, 8 Aug., '16. (Plate XIII., 2). 

James, Thomas, Cpl., Demonstration Cov. 

Married. Res., 4 Theobald Rd., Croydon. Fell, 30 Mar., '18. 

James, Thomas Spencer, Rflmn., 12 Lond. Regt. 

b., Ely, Cambs., 30 Oct., '91 ; s., A. & H. C. James, " Newbury," 
Quadrant Rd., T. Heath. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Single. 
Insurance clerk. Member of Norwood Cricket Club, & Addis. 
Park Football Club. Enl., 14 Aug., '14 ; served in France, 25 
Dec, '14-May, '15. D., 8 May, '15, of wounds reed, at Fortuen, 
Ypres, 2 days prev. Buried, Hazebrouck. 

James, William, Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., '86. Married ; i child. Empl. by Croydon Gas Coy., as 
lamplighter. Enl., May, '16. £). of gas poisoning, France, 21 
Oct., '18. 

Jameson, Harold Risborough, Rflmn., i Sur. Rif. (21 Lond. Regt.) 

b., W. Norwood, 16 Jun., '92 ; s., William Alexander & Emma 
Risborough Jameson, " Hill View," Godstone Rd., Kenley. 
Educ, M. Whitgift Sch., Croydon. Single. Bank clerk, Anglo 
S. Amer. Bank. Enl., 10 Aug., '14. D., 4 Apr., '15, at Bethune, 
of wounds reed, at Richebourg, prev. day. (Plate XIV., 3), 

Jamieson, C, 24128, Pte., S.W.B. 
Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '17. 

Jarman, a. W., 1845, Pte., R. Suss. Regt. 
Fell, '16. 

Jarrett, Thomas, Cpl. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD. 827 

Jastrzebski, Hubert Stephen Slepowron de, 2/Lt., 24 Lond. Regt. 

b., Harringay, 25 Mar., '95 ; s., Thaddeus Theodore Slepowron 

de Jastrzebski & Frances Elizabeth Slepowron de Jastrzebska, 

102 Avondale Rd., S. Croydon. £'(/«c., Whitgift G. Sch. Single. 

Empl. by Central Insurance Coy., Cornhill, E.G. Enl., in 5 Lond. 

Regt. (L.R.B.), Sept., '13 ; w., Ypres, May, '15, & Feb., '16 ; 

commis., Aug., '15. £)., 5 Apr., '17, at 5 C.C.S., of wounds reed. 

at Havrincourt Wood prev. day. (Plate XVII., 6). 
Jay, Cecil A., N. Staff. Regt. 

Res., Hillcrest, St. Mary's Rd., S. Norwood. Fell, 23 Jan., '18. 
Jeal, A. E., 47934, Pte., R. Fus. 

Res., Croydon. D. of wounds, '17. 
Jee, Albert Arthur, L/Cpl., 18 Northd. Fus. 

b., Croydon, 15 Mar., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. George Jee, 50 Dennet 

Rd., Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married. 

Gas fitter. Res., 50 Dennett Rd., Croydon. Enl., 10 Apr., 'i6. 

Fell, Meulehoucic, N. of Bailleul, 17 Apr., '18. Buried, 

Meulehouck. 
Jeffery, Albert Charles, Pte., 7 Norf. Regt. 

b., 2 Lambeth Rd., Croydon, 18 Sept., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 

Louis W. Jeffery, 2 Lambeth Rd., Croydon. Educ, Christ 

Ch. Sch., Croydon. Single Shop asst. Enl., 16 Oct., '17. 

Fell, France, 18 Sept , '18. 
Jeffery, Percy, 9 Aust. I.E. 

Educ, M . Whitgift Sch. Empl. by Nat. Bank of Australia. Felly 

Dardanelles, '15. 
Jeffrey, F. T., 492430, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

Res., Norbury. Fell, '17. 
Jenkin, T. R., Rflmn., 5 R.B. 

Res., 8 Exeter Rd., Addis. Fell, nr. Cambrai, 27 Sept., *i8. 
Jenkins, Edward Henry, Act.-Coy.Sgt.Maj., 7 R.W.S.Regt. 

b., St. James, London, W., 14 Jul., '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. H. Jenkins, 

123 Edridge Rd., Croydon. Educ, Kilburn Counc. Sch., and 

Wanstead Counc. Sch. Single. Commercial clerk. Enl., 9 

Sept., '14. Fell, Trones Wood, Somme, 13-14 Jul., '16. 
Jenner, Arthur Philip, Cpl., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Kenley, 7 Jan., '93 ; e.s., Philip & Sarah Jenner, 24 Kemble Rd., 

Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Single. Stockman. 

Res., I Waddon Court Rd., Croydon. Enl., in 2/4 R.W.S. Regt., 

15 Aug., '16. Fell, Arras, 9 Apr., '17. 
Jenner, Frank Alfred, Rflmn., 53 R.B. 

b., Croydon, 12 Aug., '00 ; s., Philip & Sarah Jenner, 24 Kemble 

Rd., Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Single. Jewel- 
ler's asst. Enl., 12 Sept., '18. D. of pneumonia following 

influenza, Wellingborough Hosp., 19 Oct., '18. 
Jessop, F. E., 4246, L/Sgt., Lond. Regt. 

Res., T. Heath. Fell, '16. 
Jewell, Harold William, Pte., 2/4 R.W.S Regt. 

b., Croydon, 21 Nov., '95 ; s., Sgt. William & Elizabeth M. Jewell, 

12 St. John's Gr., Croydon. Educ, Brit. Sch., Croydon. Single. 

Draper's asst. Enl., 15 Sept., '14. Fell, Gallipoli, 9 Aug., '15. 
Jex, Ernest Washington, Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., Croydon, 22 Nov., '97 ; s., W. & Mary Jex, 60 Waddon New 

Rd., Croydon. Educ, Bynes Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. 

Messenger lad. Enl., Oct., '12. Fell, Ypres, 15 Oct., '16. 

(Plate II., 3). 
JiGGiNS, William, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Married. Res., 44 Princess Rd., Croydon. Fell, France, i Jul., '16. 



328 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Jinks, W. H., 2870, Pte., R. Fus. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

JiNMAN, EWART, R.A.F. 

b., '99. Res., 2 Barclay Rd., Croydon. Fell, 14 Aug., '18, 

Johnson, -, Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

Married. Res., 2 Cecil Rd., T. Heath. Fell, 20 Nov., '17. 

Johnson, Arthur Chaplin, Sgt., 6 Australian I.F. 

b.. Great Shelford, Cambs., 20 Mar., '82 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Johnson, 
3 Vincent Rd., Dorking. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Empl. by Melbourne Harbour Trust. Res., Melbourne. Served 
12 years in R.M.A. Enl., Aug., '14. Fell, Lone Pine, Gallipoli, 
18 Aug., '15. 

Johnson, Frederick Henry, V.C, Maj., R.E. 

b., '90. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch, Croydon, St. Duncan's, Cat- 
ford, & Battersea Polytechnic ; B.Sc, Lond. (ist cl. Hon.), '14. 
Gained V.C. when 2/Lt. for leading several charges against a 
German redoubt. Hill 70, after he had been wounded. Loos, 
25 Sept., '15. D., Dec, '17. 

Johnson, G., Pte., i Welsh Regt, 
Fell, 17 Feb., '15. 

Johnson, George Robert, Sgt., Aust. I.F. 
Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. 

Johnson, J. A., Leading Stoker, R.N. 

Married ; 3 children. Res., 3 Wandle Rd., Croydon. Lost with 
H.M.S. " Cressy," sunk by submarine in N. Sea, 22 Sept., '14. 

Johnson, John, Cpl., 3 Coy., Australian Field Engineers. 

b., Croydon, 4 Apr., '81 ; s., John & Mary Johnson, 4 Burdett Rd., 
Croydon. Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Brass 
finisher. Res., Perth, W. Aust. Served 12 years in R.E. ; 
Queen's & King's S.A. Meds., 4 bars. Re-enlisted, Sept., '14. 
Fell, Gaba Tepe, Gallipoh, 14 May, '15. (Plate X., 3). 

Johnson, R. G., Sgt., Aust. LF. 

Educ, M. Whitgift Sch., Croydon. Fell, '16. 

Johnston, George E., Pte,, i Welsh Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Johnston, 91 Nova Rd., Croydon. Member of 
Croydon Boy Scouts. Fell, 17 Feb., '15. 

Johnston, Walter Henry, Pte., 2 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 34 Dover Rd., Newtown, U. Norwood. Educ, Rockmount Rd. 
Sch., U. Norwood, Married. Labourer. Res., 92 Queen's Rd., 
Crown Hill, U. Norwood. Served in S.A. War (med., 8 clasps), 
India, etc. Re-enlisted, 5 Oct., '14. Fell, Festuhert, 16 May, '15. 

Johnstone, William, C.Q.M.S., 5 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Yorkshire, 9 Mav, '77. Educ, Hammersmith. Married. 
Sorter, G.P.O., Lond." Res., 66 Oakley Rd., S. Norwood. Enl., 
Aug., '14 ; went to India, Oct., '14 ; joined Indian Exped. Force 
in May, '15 ; captured at Kut, Dec, '15 ; released, Oct., '18. 
D. of influenza at Constantinople, 13 Nov., '18, while on his 
journey home. 

Jonas, W. P., 25332, Rflmn., R.B. 
Res., Norbury. Fell, '17. 

Jones, Archibald Francis, Pte., 1/22 Lond. Regt. 

b., T. Heath, 12 May, '97 ; s., Henry Joseph & Emma Ann Jones, 
127 Holmesdale Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., 
T. Heath. Single. Warehouseman. Enl., in R.W.S. Regt., 13 
May, '14. Fell, France, 7 Oct., '16. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 329 

Jones, Arthur Edward, L/Cpl., 6 D.C.L.I. 

b., Sydenham, 8 Mar., '89 ; s., Henry Joseph & Emma Ann Jones, 

127 Holmesdale Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., 

T. Heath. Single. Clerk. Enl., 25 Aug., '14. Fell, Hooge, 

Belgium, 30 Jul., '15. 
Jones, C, 46720, Pte., M.G.C. 

Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '17. 
Jones, Charles William, R.W.S Regt. 

b., '90 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Jones, Caterham Valley. Married. Res., 

Croydon. Fell, 11 Oct., '18. 
Jones, Ernest David, R.B. 

y.s., Mr. & Mrs, Bowen Jones, 24 Headcorn Rd., T. Heath. 

Fell, '18. 
Jones, Ernest Samuel, Trooper, 20 Hussars. 

b., 59 High St., Croydon, 3 Apr., '86 ; ^rd s., Mr. & Mrs. G, J. 

Jones, 7 Chatsworth Rd., Croydon. Educ, Modern Sch., Croy- 
don. Married. Hosier. Res., Chatsworth Rd., Croydon. Enl,, 

9 Sept., '14. Fell, Hangard Wood, Somme, 23 Mar., '18. (Plate 

XVI., 5). 
Jones, G. F., 3442, Pte., Ox. & Bucks. L.I. 

Res., T. Heath. Fell, '16. 
Jones, Herbert Victor, Cpl., i D.C.L.I. 

b., Sydenham, 16 Aug., '91 ; s., Henry Joseph & Emma Ann 

Jones, 127 Holmesdale Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. 

Sch., T. Heath. Single. Grocer's asst. Enl., 21 Oct., '10. Fell, 

France, 8 May, '17. 
Jones, J. C, 651397, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

Res., W. Norwood. Fell, '17. 
Jones, Jesse Wilmot. 

b., '54. Surveyor. Res., 39 Morland Rd., Croydon. D. of 

shock during Zeppelin raid, Oct., '15. 
Jones, L., 2/Lt., R.W.Fus. 

Educ, High Sch., Croydon. Fell, '16. 
Jones, Percival Halley-, Capt., E. Sur. Regt, 

Educ, Univ. of Wales ; B.A. with hons. in hist., '07 ; M.A., '09 ; 

master at City of Norwich Sch., and later at M. Whitgift Sch., 

Croydon. Joined, Inns of Court O.T.C., '14 ; M.C., bestowed 

by the King, Jul. ,'17. Fell, Chipilly Ridge, nr. Albert, 8-9 Aug.,'i8. 
Jones, Stanley Fox Gore-, 2/Lt., Wilts, Regt. 

b., '93. Fell, 7 Jun., '17. 
Jones, Sydney Edward, Pte., Northants. Regt. 

b., Old Town, Croydon, 9 May, '79 ; s., Mrs. Jones, 91 AlbertRd,, 

Addis. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Married. Horsekeeper. 

Enl., 9 Mar., '17. D. of gas poisoning at Stockport, Manchester, 

27 Mar., '19. 
Jones, Victor, Signaller. 

b., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs, Jones, St, Mark's Rd., Mitcham, Educ, 

Tavistock Gr. Sch., Croydon. Enl., Sept., '14. Fell, 29 Sept.,'i8. 
JoPLiNG, Stanley, Bdr., R.F.A. 

b., '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Jopling, i Quadrant Rd., T, Heath, 

Enl., 8 Aug., '14 ; served in France, Sept., '14-Jan., '16 ; transf. 

to R.F.A. & trained in England ; further 14 months in France, 

D. of pneumonia, France, 15 Jul., '18, 
Jordan, W,, 5925, Cpl., R.W.S, Regt, 

Res., T. Heath. Called up on Res., 5 Aug., '14. Fell, '17. 
Judd, Percy, Pte., Wilts. Regt. 

b., 62 Napier Rd., 29 Dec, '95 ; s., Harry & Alice Judd, 119 Bynes 

Rd., Croydon. Educ, Brighton Rd. Sch., Croydon, Single. 

Motor driver. Res., Haywards Heath. Enl., '14, Fell, Hooge, 

16 Jun., '15, 



330 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Keal, Bertram J., Pte., Middlesex Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Keal, 73 Queen's Rd., Croydon. Educ, Sydenham 

Rd. Sch., Croydon. Enl., Mar., '16. Fell, 26 Sept., '18. 
Kear, Walter Nelson, Pte., 14 Welsh Regt. 

b., Addis., 10 Jan., '91 . Educ, Woodside Sch., Croydon. Married, 

Bacon stove hand. Res., 4 Church Path, Croydon. Enl., 

28 Feb., '16. D., 3 Jun., '19, after discharge from Army, at 

Croydon Boro. Hosp., Waddon, of pulmonary tuberculosis 

caused by gas poisoning. 
Kearns, James, Pte., 2 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Kingstown, co. Dublin, 17 Jan., '80. Educ, Ireland. Married. 

Labourer. Res., 60 Leighton St. E., Croydon. Enl., 20 Sept., 

'14. Fell, France, 16 May, '15. 
Keefe, Harold John, Pte., 12 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Peckham, 30 Dec, '95 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Keefe, 28 Exeter Rd.^ 

Addis. Educ, Woodside Sch., Croydon. Single. Carpenter. 

Enl., II Dec, '15. Fell, Somme, 15 Sept., '16. 
Keeling, William John, ist CI. Stoker, R.N. 

h., Addis., 15 Dec, '90 ; s., Mrs. Sophia Keeling, 21 Union Rd., 

Croydon. Educ, Princess Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Chauffeur. 

Lost on submarine E20, in Sea of Marmora, 5 Nov., '15. 
Keen, Norman, Pte., 1/5 Gordon H. 

b., Riclonansworth. 30 Sept., '99 ; y.s., William & Annie Keen, 

46 Grant Rd., Addis. Educ, Oval Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. 

Clerk. Enl., in Lond. Scottish, Nov., '17. Fell, S.S.W. of 

Soissons, 28 Jul., '18. Buried, Buzancy Cem., 'A' Row, Grave 17. 

(Plate XXIII., I). 
Keep, J., 41729, Driver, R.F.A. 

Fell, '16. 
Keep, W., 37770, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Kein, C. T., Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Fell, '17. 
Kelly, J., Stoker, R.N. 

6 . , '93 . Res .,33 Donald Rd . , Croydon . Drowned, i o Apr . , '17. 
Kembe, R., 10977, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Fell, '16. 
Kember, L. H. E., Pte., R.A.M.C. 

b., '94 ; znd s., Henry & Ellen Kember, 161 Oval Rd., Croydon. 

Empl. by Messrs. Sainsbury. Served 2 years in Egypt. Felt, 

France, 23 Jul., '18. 
Kember, Percy, Pte., 10 Essex Regt. 

b., 84 Gloucester Rd., Croydon, 23 Aug., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 

Kember, 22a Mitcham Rd., Croydon. Educ, St. James' Sch., 

Croydon. Single. Empl. by Messrs. Hall & Co., Croydon, as 

coal porter. Res., 2 Evans Yard, High St., Sutton. Enl., 30 

Oct., '17 ; w. & missing, 9 Aug., '18. 
Kendall, Norman Bernard, Pte., R. Fus. 

b., " Penwortham," Birdhurst Rd., Croydon, 26 Mar., '94 ; s., late 

Joseph, & Amelia Kendall. Educ, Cliftonville Coll., Margate. 

Single. Enl.,'14. Fe/^ Beaumont Hamel, 13 Nov., '16. Buried, 

Mailly Maillet Wood, nr. Albert. 
Kennett, a., Cpl., E. Sur. Regt. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Kenshole, F., Officers' Steward, R.N. 

b., 19 Jul., '95. Educ, High Sch., Dovercourt. Master at 

Tavistock Gr. Sch., Croydon. Joined, Nov., '15. D., in hosp., 

Sept., '16. 
Kent, J. S., 722177, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

Res., Tooting. Fell, '17. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 331 

Kent, Percy, 18080, Signaller, R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Cheam, Surrey, 26 Sept., '84 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Kent, 25 Duppas 
Hill Lane, Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Married ; 
2 sons. Empl. for 19A years in P.O. Sorting Office, E. Croydon. 

Res., 42 Rymer Rd.,' Croydon. Enl., 28 Jul., '16. Missing, 

presumed killed, France, 23 Mar., '18. (Plate XVI., 2). 
Kernick, C. R. H.. 512522, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

Res., S. Norwood. D., '17. 
Kerry, Alfred Thomas Penfound, Rflmn., 13 K.R.R.C. 

b., 48 Surrey Lane, Battersea, 31 Aug., '97 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs.'A. E. 

Kerry, 17 Whitehorse Lane, S. Norwood. Educ, Brit. Sch.,. 

Croydon. Single. Grocer's asst. Res., 39 Saxon Rd., Selhurst. 

Enl., Nov., '15. D., 20 Feb., '17, at 6 C.C.S., France, of wounds 

reed, same day. 
Keys, William, Pte., 15 Btn., i Can. Div. 

b., 12 Bourne St., Croydon, 27 Apr., '94 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. W. 

Keys, 7 Bourne St., Croydon. Educ, Brit. Sch., Croydon. 

Single. Storekeeper's asst. Res., 1247 Cannon St., Hamilton, 

Canada. Enl., Aug., '14. D., 9 Aug., '18, at 5 C.C.S., France, 

of wounds reed, same day. 
KiDD, Claude Bernard, Capt., Cheshire Regt. 

b., '96 ; s., Charles & Amy Howard Kidd, Castlemaine Av., 

Croydon. Educ, Dulwich Coll. M.C. Fell, '18. 
KiLBY, Frederick, Gnr., R.G.A. 

b., '92 ; 2^d s., Mr. & Mrs. Kilby, 3 Hampton Rd., Croydon. 

Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Empl. by Messrs. Lyons, 

Cherry Orchard Rd., Croydon. Enl., Oct. ,'15. Fell, 20 Oct. ,'17. 
KiLBY, Richard, Seaman, R.N. 

b., '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Kilby, 3 Hampton Rd., Croydon. Educ, 

Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Empl. at a laundry. Fell, Battle 

of Jutland, 31 May, '16. 
KiLLiCK, Maurice John, P.O., R.N. 

b., '77. Lost with H.M.S. " Queen Mary," sunk during Battle 

of Jutland, 31 May, '16. 
Kilty, William, Cpl. 

b., '95. Res., St. James' Rd., Croydon. Served 8 years in 

Gibraltar, Malta, S. Afr., etc. Fell, 7 Nov., '15. 
KlMPTON, N. H., 2/Lt., R.FA. (attd. T.M.B.) 

b., '97 ; 2nd s., Mr. & Mrs. A. G. Kimpton, " Glengarry," 

Stanthorpe Rd., Streatham. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Enl., as 

pte. in L.R.B., '14 ; served in France from Jan., '15, but was 

invalided to England & subsequently discharged ; Re-enlisted in 

O.T.C. for R.H.A., May, '16 ; commis., Sept., '16. D. of 

wounds reed, at Boesinghe, 14 Jul., '17. 
Kinder, Charles Edward, Sgt., R.B. 

b., Croydon, '87 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. C. E. Kinder. 150 Melfort 

Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Empl. as 

telegraph messenger. Enl., '06 ; served 7 years in India. Fell, 

France, 11 Jan., '18. 
King, Edward Harry, Pte., R. Suss. Regt. 

b., 4 Oct., '89 ; jr., Mr. & Mrs. King, High St., Petworth. Married ; 

I child. Empl. by Motor Union Insurance Co., St. James' St. 

Res., 75 Grange Pk. Rd., T. Heath, & later 25 Foxley Gardens, 

Purley. Enl., i Jan., '17. Fell, i Aug., '17. 
King, Frank James, Pte., 20 Can. Inf. (R. Grenadiers). 

b., 43 Derby Rd., Croydon, i Oct., '94 : s., William & Alice Mary 

King. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Single. Clerk while in 

England, farmer in Canada. Res., Ontario. Enl., 22 Dec, '15. 

D., 10 May, '17, at 30 C.C.S., of wounds reed, at Arleux Loop 

Trench, Vimy, 8 May, '17. Buried, Aubigny. 



332 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

King, George Frederick Hamilton, Bdr., R.G.A. 

b., " Close House," Houghton, Castle Ward, Stamfordham, 
Northumberland, 28 Feb., '79 ; s., George Sims & Grace Simpson 
King, Houghton. Educ, Peckham. Married. Banker's clerk. 
Res., 16 Alexandra Rd., Addis. Memb. of Croydon Dolphin 
Swimming Club. Enl., 1 Aug., '16. Fell, France, 3-4 Nov., 
'18. Buried, St. Souplet, nr. Le Cateau. 

King, James Williap^, 4688, Rflmn., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

Married. Res., 9 Southcote Rd., S. Norwood. Enl., 25 Apr., '16 ; 
went to France, 28 Aug., '16. Fell, Les Boeufs, Somme, 8 Oct., '16. 

Kingley, T. M., Pte., Manchr. Regt. 

b., '96. Porter at Mitcham Junct. Res., 60 Tamworth Rd., 
Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Kingsbury, H. G., 54805, Pte., R. Fus. 

Res., T. Heath. D. of wounds, '17. 

KiNGSHOT, George, Gnr., 64 Bde., 12 Div., R.F.A. 

b., '95, Res., 36 Woodside Green, S. Norwood. Fell, France, 
Oct., '15. 

Kingsland, Frederick George, A.M., R.F.C. 

b., '89 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. F. C. Kingsland, Wellbrock Rd., Farn- 
borough. Educ, Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. Business 
career. Res., 143 St. Peter's St., Croydon. Enl., in R.A.S.C., 
Apr., '15 ; transf. to R.F.C, Jul.. '17. Killed while flying, France, 
18 Jan., '18. 

Kingsman, Richard George, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Wimbledon, 4 Oct., '73. Educ., Curtain Rd. Sch., Shoreditch. 
Married. Carman. Res., Elis David Rd., Croydon. Enl., 
2 Feb., '15. Fell, Pont le Nieppe, 20 Aug., '15. 

Kingston, John Seabrook, Pte., 6 Australian I.F. 

b., 8 Warwick St., Regent St., Lond., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Kingston, 
55 Broughton Rd., T. Heath. Educ., St. Leonard's Sch., 
Streatham, & Winterbourne Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Motor 
mechanic. Res., Australia. Fell, Dardanelles, 11 Aug., '15. 

Kinnear, Angus Macpherson. 

b., Wandsworth, 17 Jul., '83 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. M. Kinnear, 
65 Dalmeny Av., Norbury. Educ, Emmanuel Sch., Wands- 
worth Common, & G. Sch., Margate. Single. Marine 
engineer. Lost, with S.S. " Narragansett," torpedoed off 
English Coast, 16 Mar., '16. 

Kinnear, George Robertson, Gnr., R.N. 

b.. Lavender Hill, 7 Feb., '85 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. M. Kinnear, 
65 Dalmeny Av , Norbury. Educ, Wandsworth. Married. 
Mechanician. Served in S.A. War. Joined, Mar., '00. Lost 
with H.M.S. " Queen Mary," Battle of Jutland, 30 May, '15. 

KiRBY, R., 18249, Rflmn., K.R.R.C. 

Res., Norbury. D. of wounds, '17. 

KiRBY, W., 40391, Pte., E. Yorks. Regt. 
Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '17. 

KiRSCH, Charles Frederick, Pte., Lanes. Fus. 

b., Portsmouth, 22 Dec, '88. Educ, Christ Ch. Sch., Croydon. 
Married. Traveller. Res., 14 Mayday Rd., Croydon. Enl., 
7 May, 'lb. Fell, France, i Oct., '18. (Plate XVL, 4). 

Kitt, Sidney A., Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

Married ; 4 children. Confectioner. Res., 15 Surrey St., 
Croydon. Enl., Sept., '14 ; served at Suvla Bay, Egypt, Jerusa- 
lem ; w., Jerusalem, '17. D., 3 Aug., '18, of wounds reed., 27 
Jul., '18. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 



33? 



Knell, Edward Warren Harcourt, Pte., Civil Service Rif. 

(15 Lond. Regt.) 

/?., Clapham, 7 Aug., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Warren Knell, "Hurst," 

Glossop Rd., Sanderstead. Ediic, Whitgift G. Sch. Single. 

Clerk, Anglo-Mexican Oil Co. £■«/., 7 Aug., '14. D., 14 Oct., '16, 

at Rouen, of wounds reed, at Eaucourt L'Abbaye, France, 7 Oct., 

'16. (Plate XVI., 1). 
Knight, Alfred Thomas, Sgt., 2 R.W.S. Regt. 

h., Croydon, 8 Jun., '82. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Married. 

Printer. Res., 47 Cranmer Rd., Croydon. Enl., 6 Feb., '15, 

Fell, Delville Wood, Somme, i Sept., '16. 
Knight, Gerald Howard, Pte., 2 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 18 Nov., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Knight, 30 Crowther 

Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Birchanger Rd. Sch., S. Norwood. 

Single. Clerk. Enl., Jun., '14 ; zv. & missing, believed killed, 

Festubert, 16 May, '15. 
Knight, James, L/Cpl., R. Fus. 

b., '87. Traveller for Messrs. Watson & Co. Enl., Feb., '16. 

Fell, 29 Apr., '17. 
Knight, N. Q., Sgt., Lond. Regt. 

Sec. of Selhurst United Football Club. Res., 9 Dagnall Pk., S. 

Norwood. M.M., and bar. Fell, 2 Sept., '18. 
Knight, Oscar Wilfred, Pte., Lond. Scottish (14 Lond. Regt.). 

b., U. Norwood, 16 Jul., '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. W. F. Knight, 

"The Mount," Duppas Hill, Croydon. Educ, Devonshire House 

Sch., Bexhill, & Bradfield Coll., Berks. Single. Served 2 years 

in Berks. Vols., & 5 years in Lond. Scottish before war ; mobilised 

8 Aug., '14. Fell, Zillebeke, 10 Nov., '14. 
Knight, Stephen John Robert, Pte., 3/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Selhurst New Rd., 15 Sept., '97 ; s., Stephen & Sarah Knight, 

8 Selhurst New Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., 

Croydon. Single. Engineer's asst. Enl., 10 Oct., '14. D., 30 

May, '16, at Reigate, of wounds reed, the same day through 

accident while firing a trench mortar. 
Knight, W., 434, Pte., R.W. Kent Regt, 

Res., E. Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Knight, W. G., Lond. Regt. 

b., 'q7 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Knight, T. Heath. D. of wounds reed. 

in Palestine, 22 Feb., 'iS. 
Knight, Walter, Pte., i R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 25 Thornton Rd., T. Heath, 29 Sept., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 

Knight, 68 Winterbourne Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Ecclesbourne 

and Winterbourne Rd. Schs., T. Heath. Single. Laundryman. 

Enl. as drummer, 12 Jan., '12. Fell, Ypres, 29 Oct., '14. 
Knowler, Harold, Pte., 11 Suff. Regt. 

h., '90 ; adopted " son " of Mr. & Mrs. Plowman, 5 Bridle Path, 

Beddington. D., 27 Oct., 'i8, of wounds reed. 4 days prev. 
Knox, J. L. (Larry), 2/Lt., R. Suss. Regt. 

2nd s., Mr. & Mrs. John Knox, formerly of Holmesdale Rd., S, 

Norwood. Married Jennie, y. daughter of Mr. & Mrs. John 

Feaver, formerly of Whitworth Rd., S. Norwood. Fell, Cambrai, 

20 Nov., '17. 
Krauss, A., 8254, Pte., R. Fus. 

b., '97. Educ, Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon. Empl. by L.B.& S.C.R. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, nr. La Bass^e Canal, 5 Jul., '16. 
KuHN, J. C, Pte., R.A.S.C. 

Empl. by Croydon Corp. Tramways. Fell, '16. 



334 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

KuRTEN, Gaston P., 2/Lt. (Act.-Maj.), R.G.A. 

b., '89 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. R. Kurten, " Beverley Lodge," Brigstock 
Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '98-07 ; gained classical 
scholarship, Pembroke Coll., Oxford, '07 ; ist class Hon. in 
Philosophy, King's Coll., Lond., '11 ; B.A. ; entered Civil 
Service, '12 ; Private Sec. to Under Sec. for Ireland, '14. Commis. 
in R.A.S.C., '16 ; Act.-Capt., '17 ; ment. in desp., Nov., '17. 
Fell, France, 24 Apr., '18. 
Laine, Charles Janion, 2/Lt., M.G.C. 

b., 3 Sept., '76 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Thomas Hamelin Laine, " Fer- 
main," Lewin Rd., Streatham. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '91-92. 
Laing, James Alexander, 2/Lt. 

b., '92. Res., T. Heath. Joined, 26 Oct., '14 ; w., France., '16. 
Fell, 14 Oct., '18. 
Laing, James Gordon, Maj., Lond. Regt, (attd. M.G.C.) 

b., '85 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Robert A. Laing, " Shirley Hyrst," 
Croydon. Married. Res., Croydon. Fell, 3 Oct., '18. 
Lake, Frederick, L/Cpl., i E. Sur. Regt. 

b., '88 ; s., late Mr., & Mrs. Alfred Lake, Croydon. Married ; 
2 children. Fell, 20 Oct., '18. 
Lambert, F. A., Coy.Sgt.Maj., R.Fus. 

Res., 54 Beechwood Av., T. Heath, Missins, 23 Mar., '18. 
Lambert, F. W. M., 2/Lt., S. Staff. Regt. 

b., '92 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. W, H. Lambert, 20 Katharine St., Croydon. 
When war broke out was in S.E. Mounted Bde. (Terr. A.S.C.). 
Commis., '16 ; w. twice, and gassed '18 ; taken pris., 23 Mar., '18, 
at Cambrai ; returned to England, Dec, 'i8. D., at 20 Katharine 
St., Croydon, 25 Feb , '19, of pneumonia. 
Lamport, Thomas, L/Cpl., K.S.L.L 

b., 120 Leighton St. E., Croydon, 30 Jun., '89 ; s., Maria 
Lamport, 37 Albion St., Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. General labourer. Res., 105 Priory Rd., 
Croydon. Enl., 8 Oct., '07 ; w. once. Fell, France, 26 Feb., '16. 
Lander, John Herbert, Pte., Artists Rif. (28 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Reigate, 15 Jul., '78 ; s., late Mr., & Mrs. Lander, 3 Beech 
House Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Married. 
Bank clerk. Res., Wallington. Enl., 21 Feb., '17. D. of 
septic poisoning, 20 Mar. ,'17, at i Lond. Gen. Hosp., Camberwell. 
Landport, William, 4052, Pte., i Hants. Regt. 

b., 4 West St. Lane. Carshalton, 23 Jul., '95 ; s., William & Amy 
Landport, 103 Wentworth Rd., Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. 
Sch., Croydon. Single. Van boy. Enl., May, '14. Fell, 
France, 3 May, '15. 
Landymore. Frederick, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., '95 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. M. Landymore, 5 Leighton St. E., 
Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Enl., 14 Aug., 
'14 ; went to France, i May, '15 ; w., Hulluch, Mar., 'i6 ; 
awarded M.M., for work at Monchy, '17 (bestowed on Mrs. 
Landymore by Mayor of Croydon and Lt.-Col. Thompson, at 
Town Hall, Croydon, Mar., '18). Fell, Cambrai, 20 Nov., '17. 
Lane, F. M., 17615, L/Cpl., Coldstream Gds. 

Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '16. 
Lane. M.wrice, Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., '97 ; 6th s., Mr. & Mrs. Alfred Lane, 105 Marlow Rd., Anerley. 
Educ, Stanley Tech. Sch., S. Norwood. Res., 28 Dagnall Pk., 
S. Norwood. D., 23 Apr., '17, of wounds reed., 21 Apr., '17. 
Lane, W., Rflmn., R.B. 

Empl. by Croydon Corp., Roads Dept. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 335 

IvANGDALE, Edward George, Capt., 5 Leicester Regt. 

b., Netting Hill, 27 Jan., '83 ; 5., the late Frederick William 
Langdale (Boro. Treasurer, 1893-1912), and Ada Maria Langdale, 
39 Heathfield Rd., Croydon. Educ, Elmhurst Sch., Croydon, 
Eastbourne Coll., where he was capt. of cricket eleven, and 
Merton Coll., Oxford (Hons in Hist.). Married, 6 Aug., '14 ; 

1 daughter Asst. master, Oakham Sch., and prev. at King 
Edward VH. Sch., Sheffield Commis. in 5 Leicester Rgt., 
S Aug., '14 ; went to France, 22 Feb., '15 ; w., Sept., '15. Ment. 
in despatches, 30 Nov., '15. Fell, France, 13 Oct., '15. 
(Plate XXXVI, 5). 

Langford, John Joseph, 2/Lt., i8 K.R.R.C. 

b., Burham, Kent, 11 Feb., '94; s., John & Sarah Langford, 
50 Canterbury Rd., Croydon. Educ, Churcher's Coll., Peters- 
field, Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon, and King's Coll., Lond. Single. 
Joined Lond. Univ. O.T.C., Aug., '14 ; transf. to Artists Rif,, 
Aug., '15 ; 18K.R.R.C., Dec, '15. Fe//, nr. Flers, 15 Sept., '16. 
(Plate XVL, 3). 

Langford, Wallace George, 2/Lt., 18 K.R.R.C. 

b., Barham, Kent, 19 Aug., '15 ; s., John & Sarah Langford, 50 
Canterbury Rd., Croydon. Educ, Churcher's Coll., Petersfield, 
Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon, and King's Coll., Lond. Single. 
Joined Lond. Univ. O.T.C., Aug., '14 ; transf. to Artists Rif., 
Aug., '15 ; 18 K.R.R.C, Dec, '15. D., 22 Jun., '16, at 

2 C.C.S., nr. Bailleul, of wounds reed, at Ploegsteert, 25 Jun., '16. 
(Plate XVL, 6). 

Langley, H. W., Pte., Suff. Regt. 

b., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Langley, 82 Pawson's Rd., Croydon. 
Single. Empl. by Patent Steam Carpet Beating Co., Croydon. 
Fell, 4 Apr., '18. 

Langridge. a. W., 60985, Pte., R. Fus. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Langridge, W. C, Rflmn., Lond. Regt. 

b-t '97 I *■> Mr. & Mrs. C. Langridge, Orpington, Kent. Educ, 
Bynes Rd. Sch., Croydon. Empl. by Messrs. Mason, art printers, 
St. James' Rd., Croydon. Enl., May, '15. Fell, 23 Jul., '17. 

Lanning, Percival Herbert Henry, 21 Can. M.G.C. 

b., '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. L. E. Lanning, 66 George St., Croydon. 
Fell, 27 Nov., '15. 

Larkin, Reginald Harry, Rflmn., Lond. Regt. 

4//i s., Mr. & Mrs. F. J. Larkin, ' Jesmond Dene," S. Croydon. 
Fell, I Jul., '16. 

Larking, Ronald Guy, Capt., R.E. 

b., '91 ; y.s., late Richard James Larking, of Melbourne, Australia, 
and Mrs. Larking, 121, Victoria St., S.W. Educ, Melbourne, 
and King's Coll., Camb., where he was in the rowing eight and 
football team ; broke record for combined Pub. Sch. "Mile," '09, 
and held it until '16 ; represented Camb. at boxing (middle 
weight), '11 ; elected Pres. of Univ. Boxing and Fencing Club, '13; 
B.A., '14 ; M.A., '17 ; a Freemason. Enl. as cpl. (desp. rider) 
in R.E., Aug., '14 ; served in France from Sept., '14 ; commis., 
Sept., '14 ; awarded M.C., while attd, to A.LF. as signal officer, 
at Pozieres, '16, and gained bar at Messines, '17. Killed in motor 
bicycle accident abroad, '18. 

Latham, Clifford, L/Cpl., 8 Middlesex Yeom. 

Res., Croydon. D. of wounds reed., 26 Oct., '17. 

Latham, Harry, L/Cpl. (Piper), Lond. Scottish (14 Lond. Regt.) 

b. about '78 ; s., late Mr., & Mrs. Alfred Latham, Croydon. 
Formerly engaged as sanitary engineer, Katharine St., Croydon. 
Enl., '00. Fell, France, Nov., '14. 



336 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Latreille, Ernest George, Pte., 1/23 Lond. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 16 Mar., '94 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. G. S. Latreille, 3 St. 
Augustine's Av., S. Croydon. Educ, Purley. Single. Res., 
Croydon. £■«/., 8 Sept., '14. Fe//, France, 25-26 May, '15. 

Latter, Allen, Pte., 12 E. Sur. Regt, 

b., Handcroft Rd., Croydon, 5 Dec, '80 ; s , Mr. & Mrs. Latter, 
9 Campbell Rd., Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon; 
Married. Blacksmith's mate. Res., 4 Mitcham Rd., Croydon. 
Enl., 25 Sept., '14. Fell, France, 5 Apr., '17. 

Lawn, Walter Herbert, L/Cpl., M.G.C. 

b., '91. Empl. by " Croydon Advertiser." Res., 146 White- 
horse Rd., Croydon. Enl., in 4 R.W.S. Regt. D., in India, 
29 Oct., '18, of influenza. 

Lawrence, Robert Reginald, Lt., R.N.V.R. 

b., '92 ; s., Mrs. Julia Lawrence, Purley. Res., 18 Havelock Rd., 
Croydon. Memb. of R.N.V.R. before war ; mobilised, Aug., '14 ; 
ment. in desp., '16, for work while in command of H.M. Motor 
Launch 506, in the Mediterranean. D. of pneumonia at Taranto, 
Italy, I Feb., '19. 

Lawton, Peter. Pte., i Irish Gds. 
b., '93. W., '14. Fell, '15. 

Leach, E. L., 2436, Cpl., R.E. 

Res., T. Heath. Fell, '16. 

Leaney, Frederick George, Pte., Glo'ster Regt. 

Sth s., Mr. & Mrs. T. H. Leaney, 4 Alexandra Rd., Croydon, 
Educ, Woodside Sch., Croydon. Enl. before war ; was serving 
in China in '14 ; w., Ypres, 6 May, '15 ; w. and gassed, Loos, 
13 Jun., '16. Fell, Salonica, 8 Mar., '18. 

Leaning, R. W., 2/Lt., 9 King's L/pool. Regt. 

b., '99 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Leaning, Spencer Rd., Croydon. Educ, 
Whitgift G. Sch., where he was cpl.-bugler in O.T.C. Enl. in 
Artists Rif., Dec, '15 ; commis., Sept., '17. Fell, France, 31 
May, '18. 

Learey, John Thomas, 9607, Pte., i & 2 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Deptford, 15 Mar., '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. William Learey, 63 
Priory Rd., Croydon. F^/i/c, Creek Rd. Sch., Deptford. Single. 
General labourer. Res., Dryden Rd., Croydon. Enl., in Spec. 
Res., 26 Mar., '08 : transf. to Reg. Forces, 25 Jun., '08, Fell, 
St. Eloi, 14 Feb., '15. 

Leatchford, a., 8073, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 
Res., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 

Lebish, Frank Roland, 2/Lt., R.F.A. 

b., '97 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. George Lebish, Court Rd., W. Norwood. 
Educ, Dulwich Coll. ; intermediate B.A. Joined, Inns of Court, 
O.T.C, Sept., 'is ; went to R. Mil. Acad., Woolwich, Sept., '16; 
commis., 7 Jun., '17. Fell, France, 25 Jul., '17. 

Lee, Hedley George. 

s., late Mr. & Mrs. John Rogers Lee. Res., 18 Oakfield Rd., 
Croydon. Fell, 30 Apr., '18. 

Lee, James Frank Lewis, L/Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

b; '95 ; s., late Lt. James Victor Lee, R.A.O.C., formerly of 45 
Greenside Rd., Croydon. Empl. by Messrs. T. Smith & Sons, 
Church St., Croydon. Res., 62 Mersham Rd., T. Heath. Enl.. 
6 Jan., '15. Fell, 15 Jul., '16. 

Lee, James Victor, Lt., R_A.O.C. 

Res., 45 Greenside Rd., Croydon. 

Lee, Percy William, 2/Lt., K. Shropshire L.I. 

b., '88. Single. Clerk, L.B. & S.C.R. Res., " Springwell," 
Inglis Rd., Croydon. Enl. in O.T.C, '15. Fell, Arras, 9 Apr., '17. 



XVII. 









Pte. J. H. HrcARTY, Machine (iun Corps 

Capt. G. H. Lewis. D.F.C, R.F.C. 

Signaller E. J. S. Hilett, Machine Gun Corps 

2/Lt. J. C. Lister, 17 Bde., R.F.A. 

Lt. F. A. Matthews, 10 R. Suss. Regt. (attd. R.F.C.) 

2/Lt. H. S. S. de Jastrzebski, 24 Lond. Regt. 



XVIII. 









1. 2/Lt. E. J. Trubshavve, RE. 

2. Lt. E. L. Lewis, R.F.C. 

3. 2/Lt. H. A. Link, i H.A.C. 

4. Pte. J. Hall, 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

5. Lt. A. T. LiBBY, 12 E. Sur. Regt. 

6. Capt. H. C.Willders-Lewis, R.W.S. Regt. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 337 

Leech, F. C, Pte., Middlesex Regt. 
Res., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 

Leech, Ernest John, Rflmn., i L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Croydon, 4 Dec, '91 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. J. T. Leech, 44 Tanfield 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, Abp. Tenison's & Brit. Schs., CroydonT 
Single. Accountant's clerk. £•«/., 15 May, '16. Fe//, Laventie, 
France, 20 Jan., '17. (Plate XIX., i). 

Legg, Geoffrey Harold Blackwell, L/Cpl., R. Suss. Regt. 

h., Paddington Green, 18 Aug., '94. Educ, Campbell St. Sch., 
Edgware Rd., Lond. Single. Stock-keeper. Res., 164 Living- 
stone Rd., T. Heath. Enl., 9 Nov., '14 ; w., Thiepval, 
3 Sept., '16. Fell, Sharia, Palestine, 6 Nov., '17. 

Lennard, Percy Charles, Civil Serv. Rif. (15 Lond. Regt.) 

h., Addis., 12 Jul., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. F. W. Lennard, 64 
Heathfield Rd.. Croydon. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Single. 
Civil Service clerk. Enl., 3 Sept., '14. D., St. Omar, 29 Dec, 
'15, of wounds reed., Hulluch, 20 Dec, '15. 

Lenney, Alfred, Pte., 4 R.W.S. Regt. 

h., S. Croydon, 5 Jan., — ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Alfred Lenney, 26 
Dominion Rd., Addis. Educ, St. Peter's Sch., Croydon. 
Married. Labourer, empl. by Croydon Corp. Rds. Dept. 
Enl., Sept., '14 ; served in India and Persian Gulf. D. of wounds 
reed., Mesopotamia, 22 Dec, '15. 

Leppard, Frank William, Pte., 17 R. Fus. 

b., '98 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Leppard, 132 Church St., Croydon. 
Empl. at " Croydon Advertiser " Office. Enl., May, '15. Fell, 
29 Sept., '18. 

Letto, Henry George, Pte., 1/7 Middlesex Regt. 

b., St. Heliers, Jersey, 3 Dec, '77 ; s., Adolphus, & late Louisa 
Letto, 169 Victoria St., Lond., S.W.i. Educ, Wesleyan Sch., 
St. Heliers, Jersey. Married. Outfitter's asst. Res., 140 
Pemdevon Rd., Croydon. Enl., 11 Aug., '16. D., i May, '18, 
at 2 Western Gen. Hosp., Grecian St., Broughton, Manchester, 
of gas poisoning and wounds reed. nr. Arras, 28 Mar., '18. 

Letts, Richard, Pte., 2 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., S. Norwood, 2 Feb., — . Educ, S. Norwood. Married. 
Labourer. Res., 32 Coventry Rd., S. Norwood. Enl., 2 Oct., 
'14. Fell, France, 30 Sept., '17. 

Letts, Sidney Herbert, A.B. Seaman, R.N. 

b., Addington Rd., 13 Jan., '96 ; s., Alice Wynne, 20 Exeter Rd., 
Addis. Educ, Davidson Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Joined 
training ship " Arethusa," 13 May, '13 ; joined R.N. about 18 
months later. Lost with H.M.S. " Indefatigable," Battle of 
Jutland, 31 May, *i6. (Plate XV., 5). 

Levy, William George, Pte., R.A.M.C. C82 Gen. Hosp.) 

6., '99 ; 5., W. G. & Catherine J. Levy, Win tons Garage, Fairfield 
Rd., Croydon. Enl., Sept., '15 ; served in Egypt, France, 
and Salonica. D., of cerebro-spinal meningitis at 67 Gen. Hosp., 
Macedonia, Greece, 23 May, '18. Buried, Karaburnum Brit. 
Cem., nr. Salonica. 

Lewcock, William John, Pte., 6 Lond. Regt. 

b., U. Norwood, 3 Jul., '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. W. J. Lewcock, 16 
South Vale, Central Hill, U. Norwood. Educ, Rockmount Rd. 
Sch., U. Norwood. Married. Warehouseman. Enl., Aug., 
'14. Fell, Bullecourt, France, 21 May, '17. 

V 



338 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Lewin, Edmund George, 1704, Pte., 17 R. Fus. 

b., Croydon, 2 Nov., '93 ; 5., William George & Emma Elizabeth 
Lewin, 162 Dennett Rd., Croydon. Educ, Christ Ch. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Grocer's asst. Enl., 7 Jun., '15. Fell, 
Somme, 27 Jul., '16. 

Lewin, S. P., 29358, Rflmn., K.R.R.C. 

Res., S. Norwood. D. of wounds, '17. 

Lewis, A. A., 34826, Pte., Welsh Regt. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Lewis, Edmund Llewelyn, Lt., R.F.C. 

b., Birmingham, 5 Oct., '95 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Hugh Lewis, " St, 
David's," Templewood Av., Hampstead. Educ, Whitgift G. 
Sch., Marlborough Coll., King's Coll., Lond. Univ., and in 
Germany and Switzerland. Single. Empl. at Lloyd's. Res., 
" Mayfield," Croydon. Enl., as pte. in 1/7 Essex Regt., Sept. 
'14 ; commis. as 2/Lt. in 1/7 Essex Regt., 24 Sept., '14 ; went to 
France, Jul., '15 ; seconded to R.F.C. (Squadrons 32 & 24), 
Jun., 'i6 ; zu. in single-handed fight with six German machines. 
Fell in fight with five German machines, one of which he brought 
down, Beaulencourt, Somme, 26 Dec, '16. (.Plate XVIIL, 2). 

Lewis, Edward John, Rflmn., 8 Lond. Regt. 

b., Surrey, 28 Apr., '78. Married. Civil servant. Res., 80 
Malvern Rd.,T. Heath. £■«/., 29 May, '17. F^//, Passchendaele, 
30 Oct., '17. 

Lewis, F. H. W., 24022, Pte., D.C.L.L 
Res., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 

Lewis, Henry Charles Willders-, Capt., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 31 Jul., '96 ; s., late Henry & Nora Willders- Lewis, Anerley. 
Educ, High Sch., Croydon ; matriculated, Lond. Univ. ; memb. 
of Sur. County Cricket Club. Enl. in U.P.S. Batt., R. Fus. ; 
served in France, Nov., '15-17 ; co?nmis., Sept., '16 ; Capt., '17. 
Fell, 31 Jul., '17. (Plate XVHL, 6). 

Lewis, Thomas Charles Victor, R.W.S. Regt. 

b., II Nov., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Thomas Edward Willson Lewis 
126 George St., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '05-13. 
D. of pneumonia, Egypt, 24 Dec, '16. 

Lewsey, G. F., L/Cpl., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Lewsey, 31 Leslie Pk. Rd., Croydon. D. of 
wounds reed, at Suvla Bay, 29 Aug., '15. 

LiBBY, Alfred Thomas, Lt., 12 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Chislehurst, Kent, Feb., '79 ; s., late John Henry & Elizabeth 
Libby, Truro, Cornwall. Educ, Truro. Single. Compositor, 
empl. by " Transvaal Leader," Johannesburg. Res., Croydon, 
at time of enlistnuent. Served in Boer War ; 2 med. Enl., in 
an O.T.C., Aug., '15 ; commis. early in '16 ; w., France, Feb., '17. 
Fell, Passchendaele, 20 Sept., '17. (Plate XVHL, 5). 

Libby, Frank Thomas, Sgt., L.R.B. 

b., Thames Ditton, 6 Mar., '93 ; s., John & Emily Libby, 51 
Broughton Rd., T. Heath. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Civil servant (Board of Trade). Res., Croydon. 
Enl., Apr., '15 ; M.M. for conspicuous bravery, Passchendaele, 
20 Sept., '17. D., 19 Apr., '18, at Mil. Hosp., Etaples, of 
wounds reed. nr. Mailly-Maillet, 2 Apr., '18. (Plate XX., 4). 

Libby, Harry George, Cpl., Q.W. Rif. (16 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Croydon, 26 Sept., '94 ; s., John & Emily Libby, 51 Broughton 
Rd., T. Heath. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Single. Civil 
servant (Board of Trade). Res., Croydon. Enl., Apr., '15. 
Fell, Ypres, 18 Jan., '16. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 339 

LiDDEL, D., 1 1995, Pte., E. Kent Regt. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

LiNDLEY, Ernest W., 2/Lt., Manchr. Regt. (attd. R.F.C.) 

h., 13 Oct., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Edward Thomas Lindlev, 126 
Selhurst Rd., S. Norwood. ^'tfuc, Whitgift G. Sch, Z). while 
pris. of war in German Hosp., '17. 

LiNDSELL, C. J., Coy. Sgt. Maj., 17 Lancers. 

Empl. by Croydon Corp., Boro. Engineer's Dept. Fell, '16. 
LiNEAMAN, P., Pte., R.A.S.C. (M.T.) 

D., 14 Nov., '18, of broncho pneumonia, at 6i Gen. Hosp., 

Salonica. 

Link, Horace Arthur, 2/Lt., i H.A.C. 

b., Croydon, 29 Jun., '91 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Charles W. Link, 
" Eversley," Chichester Rd., Croydon. Educ, Glenhurst Sch., 
S. Croydon, and Mill Hill Sch. Single. Empl. with Messrs. 
J. D. Link & Son, provision merchants, W. Smithfield. Joined, 
Sept., '14. Fell, nr. Bully Grenav, France, Sept., 'i6. (Plate 

xvnL,3). 

LiNTOTT, Gerald, Cpl., 2 L.R.B. 

b., i-j Oliver Gr., S. Norwood, 22 Jun., '88 ; s., Herbert & Fanny 
Louisa Lintott, 70 Waddon Rd., Croydon. Educ, Elmhurst 
Sch., S. Croydon. Single. Clerk. Enl., 7 Sept., '14. £)., 
9 Jun., 'i5,of acute septicaemia, i Eastern Gen. Hosp., Cambridge. 

LiSNEY, George, Sgt., R.W.S. Regt. 

h., 18 Tamworth Place, Croydon, 26 May, '82 ; s., Frederick 
& Charlotte Lisney, 18 Tamworth Place, Croydon. Educ, 
Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Slater and tiler. Enl., 
4 Aug., '14 ; went to France, '14 ; iv., 12 May, '17. Fell, Cambrai, 
20 Nov., '17. 

LiSNEY, Hamilton P., L/Cpl., 5 Ox. & Bucks. L.L 

b., 19 Sept., '89 ; s., Frederick & Charlotte Lisney, 18 Tamworth 
Place, Croydon. Educ, Brit. Sch., Croydon. Single. Grocer's 
manager. Res., Datchet, Bucks. Enl., 15 Sept., '14. Fell, 
Loos, 25 Sept., '15. 

Lister, John Curtis, 2/Lt., 92 Bty., 17 Bde., R.F.A. 

b., Sydenham, 19 May, '94 ; v.^., George & Harriet Lister, 
Pampislord House, S. Croydon. Educ, King's Coll., Wimbledon 
Single. Tea buyer. Enl., in 9 E. Sur. Regt., Dec, '14. Fell, 
nr. Arras, 19 May, '17. (Plate XVH., 4). 

LiTOLFF, Alexander David, L/Cpl., K.R.R.C. 

h., 4 Drummond Rd., Croydon, 10 Jan., '97 ; s., David James & 
late Eliza LitolflF, " Pembury," Chelsham Rd., Croydon. Educ, 
Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon, and Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon. 
Student teacher, Dering PI. Sch., Croydon ; entered Goldsmiths' 
Coll., Sept., '15. Single. D. of gas poisoning, Ypres, 8-9 Aug., 
'16. Buried, Ferme Olliver Cem., Elverdinghe, nr. Ypres. 

Little, A., 201836, L/Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 
Res., Addis. Fell, '17. 

Little, William Alfred, Pte., 3/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 58 Apsley Rd., S Norwood, 4 Oct., '95. Educ, Woodside 
Sch., Croydon. Married. Railway porter. Res., 52 Apsley 
Rd., S. Norwood. Enl., i Mar., '17. Fell, France, 4 Oct., '17 

Littlechild, George, Pte., 2 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '88. Married. Res., 57 Leighton St. E., Croydon. Enl., 
25 Dec, '10 ; served at Gibraltar, Bermuda and S. Africa, before 
war. Fell, Ypres, 7 Nov., 'i). 



340 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Livingstone, David, 1235, Pte., 22 R. Fus 

b., Chelsea, 22 Aug., '96 ; s., Alfred & Mary Livingstone, 20 
Aschurch Rd., Croydon. Educ, Cooks Ground Sch., Chelsea. 
Single. Ticket writer. Res., 27 Bredon Rd., Cr'^/don. Enl., 
9 Nov., '14. Fell, France, 19 Jun., '16. 

Lloyd, Albert Edv^^ard, 9281, Pte., i R. Warwick. Regt. 

b., S. Croydon. Educ, Abp. Tenison's and Brighton Rd. Schs., 
Croydon. Married. General labourer. Res., 92 Paulet Rd,, 
Camberwell. Served in S.A. War, and in India and Egypt ; 
Re-joined, 17 Nov., '14. Fell, 25 Apr., '15. 

Lloyd, Denis. Educ, High Sch., Croydon. Enl., '14. Missing, '18. 

Lloyd, Edward Stanley, Lt., R.F.A. 

b., '86 ; 2nd s., Mr. & Mrs. Lloyd, " Ventura," Addis. Rd., 
Croydon. jRe^., 28-29 Wood St., Lond. M.C. Z). of broncho- 
pneumonia, France, 23 Nov., '18. 

Lloyd, Lyndsey, 2/Lt., Hants. Regt. 

b., Huddersfield, 4 Aug., '98 ; e.s., late F. C. Lloyd (Town Clerk 
of Croydon), and Mrs. Lloyd, 20 Colson Rd., Crovdon. Educ., 
Whitgift G. Sch. Single. Enl. as pte. in R.A.M.C., 2 Feb., '15 ; 
commis. in Hants. Regt., i Mar., '17. Fell, Langemarck Stn., 
nr. Ypres, 9 Oct., '17. (Plate XXXVL, 2). 

Lock, Robert William, G17089, Pte., 4 Middlesex Regt. 

b., Croydon, 17 Aug., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Edward Lock, 
52 Wentworth Rd., Croydon. Educ, Boston Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Labourer. Res., 17 Wentworth Rd., Croydon. 
D. of wounds in i Can. Gen. Hosp., Etaples, 9 Apr., '18. 

LoCKTON, George Woodhams, Capt., R.G.A. 

b., T. Heath, 17 Jun., '92 ; s., George Upton & Edith Caroline 
Lockton, 166 Melfort Rd., T. Heath. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. 
Single. Bank clerk. D., 21 Oct., '17, at i Aust. C.C.S., 
Bailleul, of wounds reed, at Spoil Bank, Holleheke, nr. Ypres, 
same day. 

Long. A. W. E., 2/Lt., R.W.S. Regt. 
Fell, '16. 

Long, Albert Edw^ard, 6890, Pte., i E. Kent Regt. 

b., 48 Addington Rd., Croydon, 27 Mar., '90 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 
Henry Long, 4 Grafton Rd., Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. 
Sch., Croydon. Single. Shop asst. Enl., Sept., '14. Fell, 
France, 19 Apr., '16. Buried, La Brique Cem. 

Long, Francis William, 2/Lt., R.F.A. 

b., Ulverston, Lanes., 9 Sept., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. G. Long, 
5 Liverpool Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Ampleforth Coll., Yorks. 
Single. Res., T. Heath. Gazetted, 2/Lt., 23 Dec, '14. D., 28 
Jun., '16, while pris. of war at Iseghem Hosp., Belgium, of 
wounds reed., 2 Jun., '16. 

LoNGBOTTOM, Charles David, 9644, Pte., 12 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., T. Heath, 25 Nov., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. C. W. Longbottom, 
73 Clarendon Rd., Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Driver. Enl., about Mar., '15. Fell, nr. Messines 
Ridge, 21 Sept., '17. 

Longman, Leslie Lionel, Rflmn., Q.V. Rif. (9 Lond. Regt.) 

b., 138 MoflFat Rd.,T. Heath, i Feb., '99 ; znds., Harry James & 
Rose Longman, 138 Moffat Rd., T. Heath. Educ, M. Whitgift 
Sch. Single. Clerk. E71I., 1 Feb., '17. D., 25 Aug., '18,. 
at 55 C.C.S., France, of wounds reed, on the Somme same day^ 
(Plate XIX., 5). 

Loomes, J., 19879, Rflmn., K.R.R.C. 
Fell, '16. 

Lout, George, King's L/pool Regt. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 341 

LouvEL, Theodore, Pte., 1/7 R. Warwick. Regt. 

b., 6 Holland Rd., S. Norwood, 25 May, '98 ; s., Theodore George 
& Emmeline Dorothy Louvel, 187 Portland Rd., S. Norwood. 
Ediic, Birchanger Rd. Sch., S. Norwood. Single. Lift attend- 
ant. Enl., 8 Jan., '17 ; went to France, 12 Jun., '17. Fell, nr, 
Ypres, 21 Aug., '17. 

LovATT, Stanley Walter, L/Cpl. 

y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Lovatt, 3 Crowther Rd., S. Norwood. Fell, 
28 Apr., '17. 

LovELL, William Leslie, 2/Lt., R.W. Kent Regt. (attd. R.F.C.) 

b., Bromley, '96 ; s., Edgar & Maud Lovell, " The Gables," 
Cheyne Walk, Croj'don. Educ, Clare House Sch., Beckenham ; 
went to Sandhurst, Apr., '16 ; gazetted, '16. Fell, France, 
27 Jul., '17. 

Lover, Arthur Charles Walter, Pte., 8 Sherwood For. (Notts, and 
Derby. Regt.) 

b., 5 Sussex Rd., Croydon, 26 Sept., '85 ; y.s., Walter & Louisa 
Lover, 3 Waverley Av., Netley Abbey, Hants., (late of Croydon). 
Educ, Princess Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Dental mechanic. 
Res., Mansfield, Notts. Enl., 3 Mar., '16. D., 16 Jun., '18, 
at I Can. C.C.S., France, of wounds reed. prev. day. Buried, 
Pernes Mil. Cem. 

LovETT, John, Pte., Lanes. Fus. 

b., '95 ; s., late Mr., & Mrs. Lovett, Ely Rd., Croydon. Enl, '14, 
Fell, '16. 

Low, George, i King's L/pool Regt. 

b., Aberdeen, 17 Apr., '88 ; e.s., Alexander & Elspet Low, 17 
Bensham Manor Rd., T. Heath. Educ., Boston Rd. Sch., 
Croydon, and Aberdeen. Single. Plumber. Enl., Jun., '16. 
Fell, nr. Arras, 11 Aug., '18. 

Lowe, John, Pte., R.A.S.C. 

b., Fawley, nr. Southampton, '86 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. G. Lowe, 
Fawley. Educ., Fawley. Married. Chauffeur. Res., 45 
Churchill Rd., Croydon. Enl., Apr., '15. D. of diphtheria 
at 14 Stat.Hosp., Wimereux, nr. Boulogne, 25 Jun., '16. 

Lucas, Albert Edward, Pte., R.F.C. 

b., Hackney, 29 Jul., '89 ; s., Edward (late Sgt., 2nd Drag. Gds.) 
and Catharine Lucas, Union Bank Chambers, Katharine St., 
Croydon. E'^fwc, Whitgift G. Sch. Married Winifred, daughter 
of Mr. Jackson, of Brighton. Clerk. Res., 10 Genoa Rd., 
Anerley. Enl., 25 Nov., '16. D. of meningitis, Windlesham 
Mil. Hosp., Surrey, 6 Mar., '17. (Plate XX., 2). 

Luck, Will, 

Res., Croydon. D. of wounds, 17 Sept., '18. 

LuxTON, J., Cpl., Suff. Regt. 

b., '96 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Luxton, i Parker Rd., Croydon. Enl., 
in R.W.S. Regt., Sept., '14 ; served in France, Jul., '16-Nov., '17. 
Fell, 19 Nov., '17. 

Mabbott, Alfred L. 

Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Fell, Somme, i Jul., '16. 

Mabey, John Hume, Capt., Lond. Regt. 

/)., '81 ; y.s., late Counc. and Mrs. Mabey, of Croydon. Educ, 
Whitgift G. Sch. Married a daughter of Counc. Bishop, of 
Croydon. Res., Pollards Hill N., Norbury. Enl., in Artists 
Rif., '14 : served in France, Salonica, & Palestine. D., 18 Nov., 
'17, of wounds reed., Palestine, 7 Nov., '17. 

McCabe, Albert Peter, Sgt., 2 R.W.S. Regt. 

Nephew of late Maj. McCabe. Enl., '05. Fell, France, 16 
May, '15. 



342 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Macaldin, Thomas Graham, Sgt., 31 Can. Inf. 

h., 2 St. Helen's Rd., Norbury, 5 Mar., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 
Macaldin, 9 Tamworth Villas, Mitcham Common. Ediic, 
Streatham Sch. Single. Farmer. Res., Chigwell, Alberta, 
Canada. Enl., Nov., '14. Fell, Courcelette, Somme, 26 Sept., '16. 

MacCall, Henry Dobree, Capt., 33 Punjab Regt. 

b., '82. First appointed to Border Regt. from the Militia, '02 ; 
Lt., Apr., '04 ; transf. to Indian Army, Aug. ,'05 ; Capt., Nov., '10 ; 
served in S.A. War, Queen's Med., 5 clasps. Fell, Flanders, 
25 Sept., '15. 

McCarney, Joseph Duncan, R.N. 

Lost with H.M.S. " Hogue," torpedoed in N. Sea, 22 Sept., '14. 

McCarthy, Thomas, Pte., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 5 Pump Pail, Croydon, 23 Oct., '96 ; s., Timothy & Mary 
McCarthy, 8 Donald Rd., Croydon. Educ, St. Mary's Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Lead-light worker. Res., 8 Donald Rd., 
Croydon. Enl., 9 Sept., '14. Fell, Somme, 3 Jul., '16. 

McChlery, W. D., Sgt., R.W.S. Regt. 

e.s., Mr. & Mrs. McChlery, 32 Buxton Rd., T. Heath. Fell^ 
13 Oct., '17. 

McClurg, J. B., 464, R. Fus. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

McCoLviN, Norman, Pte., 8 Border Regt. 

b., Heaton, Newcastle-on-Tyne, 5 Apr., '92 ; e.s., John Andrew 
& Isabel McColvin, 38 Lebanon Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitley 
Bay, Northumberland, Brixton, Portland Rd. Sch., S. Norwood, 
and Lond. Sch. of Economics. Single. Senior asst. librarian, 
Croydon Public Libraries. Enl., in 24 Middlesex Regt., 17 
Nov., '15 ; served in France with 2 Border Regt., Dec, '16- 
Oct., '17 ; tv.. The Mound, Polygon Wood, Ypres, 4 Oct., '17 ; 
returned to France, spring, '18 ; tu., between Rheims and Soissons 
27 May, '17, and taken prisoner. D. of wounds at Prisoners 
of War Hosp., at Neuhammer, Queis, Germany, 21 Aug., '18. 
(Plate I., I). 

McCuLLOCH, Kenneth Lionel Nevill, 2/Lt., 16 Middlesex Regt. 

b., Croydon, 23 Sept., '95 ; e.s., late Lionel W. B. & Bertha 
McCulloch, 340 Lond. Rd., Croydon. Educ, Royal St. Anne's, 
Redhill, and City of Lond. Sch. Single. Clerk in Anglo- 
Austrian Bank. Enl. as pte. in 16 Middlesex Regt. (Pub. Sch. 
Btn.), I Sept., '14 ; commis., in 6 Middlesex, 5 Apr., '15 ; zv., 
Somme, Oct., '16. Fe//, Arras, 31 May, '17. (Plate XIX., 3). 

McGiLL, Benjamin, Ox. & Bucks. L.I. 

Res., Croydon. Was in India when war broke out, serving later 
at Dardanelles and in Mesopotamia. Taken prisoner with Gen. 
Townshend's forces. D. a few weeks after in a Turkish Hosp., 
through hardship and starvation. 

McGiLL, Victor, Sgt., Lond. Regt. 

b., '97 ; s., late Mr. J., & Mrs. McGill, Dartnell Rd., Croydon. 
D. of wounds reed., 12 Jun., '17. 

McGiLVRAY, Donald, Cpl., Singapore Volunteer Rif. 

McGregor, Marcus, 2/Lt., 2 Cheshire Regt. 

i>; '73 ; S; Mr. & Mrs. Joseph McGregor, " Glengyle," Victoria 
Rd., U. Norwood. Educ, Dulwich Coll. Joined, 27 Sept., '14. 
Fell, France, between 1-4 Oct., '15. 

McGregor, Ronald, zll^t., 2 Cheshire Regt. 

b., '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Joseph McGregor, " Glengyle," Victoria 
Rd., U. Norwood. Fell, Flanders, 25 May, '15. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 343 

McGroarty, Roland Dryden, Cyclist Scout. 

b., '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. McGroarty, Whitworth Rd., S. Norwood. 
£'Juc., S. Norwood Coll. Engineer; graduate of Inst, of Mech. 
Engineers ; engaged in Brit. E. Africa on railway construction 
work. D. while pris. of war, of wounds reed, at Tsaro, Brit. E. 
Africa, 7 Sept., '14. 

McGuiNNESs, Richard Ernest, Sgt., i E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Croydon, i Aug., '92 ; s., Charles E. & T. McGuinness, 23 
Rolleston Rd., Croydon. Educ, Bynes Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Skin dresser. EtiL, 10 Jun., '12 ; served with original 
Exped. Force. Fell, Loos, 23 Sept., '15. 

McGuiRE, Reginald Arthur, 492713, L/Cpl., 2/13 Lond. Regt. 
b., Bristol, 5 May, '88 ; s., late Samuel & Emily McGuire, 67 
Richmond Rd., St. Andrew's, Bristol. Educ, Bristol G. Sch. 
Single. Civil servant, 2nd div. clerk (Companies' dept., Board 
of Trade). Res., " Ethelhurst," Downs Court Rd., Purley, 
'10-15 ; connected with Christ Church, Purley. Memb. of 
Sanderstead Cricket Club ; deputy organist, Christ Ch., Purley. 
Enl., 29 Nov., '15, in L.R.B. Fell, Lake Doiran, Balkans, 12 
Apr., '17. (Plate XX., i). 

M.\CK, T., 47637, Cpl., R.F.A. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '16. 

McKw, William Alexander, Act.-C.Q.M.S., i E. Yorks. Regt. 

b., 2 Cairo Rd., Pitlake Bdge., Croydon, 11 Jul., '91 ; j., Alexander 
& Emily McKay, 74 Derby Rd., Croydon. Educ, Brit. Sch., 
Croydon. Married. Apprentice in electricity works. Res., 
53 Southsea Rd., Croydon. Enl., Nov., '07. Fell, France, 29 
Aug., '15. 

Mackmin, Alec Lawrence, T164, Driver, R.A.S.C. (attd. Suss. Yeom.) 
b., Cadbury, Somerset, 16 Jan., '92 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. A. Mackmin, 
Av. Mans., Elms Av., Eastbourne. Educ, Trinity Sch., East- 
bourne. Single. Electrician, i?^^., 73 Malvern Rd.,T. Heath. 
Enl., 5 Aug., '14 ; zv., GallipoH, 5 Jan., '16. D., 7 Jan., '16, 
on Hosp. Ship " Assaye," Alexandria. Buried, 8 Jan., Chatby 
Mil. Cem., Alexandria. 

McL.\REN, Reg. S., Sgt., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

Married. D., 8 Dec, '17, of wounds reed, at Cambrai, 30 Nov., 
'17. 

Maclean, Alan Charles, Pte., Lond. Scottish (14 Lond. Regt.) 

b.. Grove Pk., Denmark Hill, 8 Jun., '94 ; s., Alan Walter & Kate 
Maclean, " Heatherseat," Cavendish Rd., Sutton. Educ, 
Whitgift G. Sch. (Rev. Mason's House). Single. Clerk on 
Stock Exchange. £■«/., 4 Aug., '14. Z)., Nov., '15, while pris. of 
war, of wounds reed, at Messines, r Nov., '14. 

McLean, Daniel, 37550, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

Res., 14 Kynaston Rd., T. Heath. Missing between 22-27 Mar., 
'18. 

MacMasters, E. W., A.B. Seaman, R.N. 

Married. Res., 10 St. Saviour's Rd., Croydon. Lost his life 
on H.M.S. " Natal," 30 Dec, '15. 

McMinn, Hugh Bell, Major, D.A.D.R.T. 

b., '85 ; y.s., late Robert Inglis McMinn, & Mrs. McMinn, 
" Midholm," Birdhurst Rd., Croydon. B.A., Oxon. D. in a 
Mil. Hosp. abroad, after a short illness, 29 Jul., '18. 

McQuAiGUE, Arthur Charles, Pte., Gren. Gds. 

b., S. Norwood, '98 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. McQuaigue, Harrington 
Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Birehanger Rd. Sch., S. Norwood. 
Enl., '16. Fell, France, 25 Aug., '18. 



344 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR' 

MacSorley, 2/Lt., 5 Northd. Fus. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. MacSorley, Mersham Rd., T. Heath, Served in 
army for 20 years, partly in India and through S.A. War ; was 
Coy.Sgt.Maj. in H.L.I. ; comniis., about Feb., '17. Fell, 
Apr., '17. 

McSwEENY, Felix J., 2/Lt., 19 Middlesex Regt. 

b., i6 Mar., '90. Single. Teacher. Res., Balham. Joined, 
2/Lt., Jul., '15. Fell, Vierstrate, 30 Jul., '17. 

McWhannell, J., 2/Lt., Wilts. Regt. 

b., '80 . Married. Res., Waddon Marsh Lane, Croydon. D. 
of wounds reed, in France, 3 Jul., '16. 

Madder, Robert, Lt., 5 Glo'ster. Regt. (M.G. Sect.) 

b.. Tooting Graveney, 11 Dec, '87 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Alan George 
Madder, Westcroft Farm House, Carshalton. Educ., Whitgift 
G. Sch., '03-04. Single. Clerk. Res., Carshalton. Enl., 
as pte. in L.R.B., 4 Sept., '14. Fell, Somme, 20 Jul., '16. 

Mahoney, William John, 43042, Pte., 54 M.G.C. 

b., Brixton, 22 Jul., '94. Educ., St. Mary's (R.C.) Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Chemist's asst. Res., 18 Hastings Rd., Addis. Enl., 
in 2/4 R.W.S. Regt, 23 Mar., '18 ; w., Gallipoli, 18 Aug., '15. 
Fell, Failloeul, France, 23 Mar., '18. 

Maile, E. F., 393093, Pte., Lond. Regt. 
Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '17. 

Major, Henry, A.B. Seaman, R.N.V.R. (" Howe " Btn.) 

b., 85 Blackwall Bldgs., Whitechapel, 15 Oct., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 
Major, 18 'B' Block, Peabody Bldgs., Hackney Rd., N.E. Educ, 
Rockmount Rd. Sch., U. Norwood. Single. Seaman, Mercan- 
tile Marine. Joined, 16 Oct., '10. D., 4 Sept., '15, at Bombay 
Presidency Gen. Hosp., Alexandria, from dysentery and wounds 
reed, in action, 12 May, '15. (Plate XX., 6). 

Malcher, James Denis, Signaller, 7 R. Suss. Regt. 

i., 27 George St., Hertford ; s., Denis & Ethel Marian Malcher, 
59 Edward Rd., Croydon. Educ, Davidson Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Booking clerk, L.B. & S.C.R. Memb. of No. 51 (Croydon) 
Div., St. John Ambulance Bde. Enl., 9 Nov., '15. Fell, 
Aveluy Wood, N. of Albert, i Aug., '16. 

Mallet, Thomas Messervy, 2nd Offr., Mercantile Marine. 

b., Chatham, 3 Sept., '92 : s., Mrs. Julia Mallet, 20 Whitehorse 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, Brighton Sec. Sch., York Place, and 
School-ship " Conway," Liverpool. Single. 2nd Offr., " Duchess 
of Cornwall." Joined, before war, as apprentice. Lost with his 
ship, torpedoed between England and Le Havre, ii Apr., '17. 

Mallinson, John Frank. 

^•. '95 ; ^^ Mr. & Mrs. Mallinson, 3 Farquharson Rd., Croydon. 
Accidentally killed, in France, 3 Oct., '17. 

Maltby, Albert Edward, Cpl., Can. Inf. 

b., '95 ; V.S., late Mr. (of 10 Hussars) and Mrs. Maltby, 8 Frant 
Rd.,T. Heath. £'rf«c., St. Mary's (R.C.) Sch., Croydon. Res., 
Canada. Enl., '14 ; discharged owing to results of an accident. 
Re-enlisted, '15. Fell, France, Oct., '17. 

Maltby, Reginald, Pte., Can. Inf. 

b., Aldershot Barracks, '87 ; e.s., late Mr. (of 10 Hussars) and 
Mrs. Maltby, 8 Frant Rd., T. Heath. Married ; 3 children. 
Res., Canada. Fell, France, Aug., '17. 

Maltby, Walter, Pte., R. Fus. 

b., '91 ; 2nd s., late Mr. (of 10 Hussars) and Mrs. Maltby, 8 
Frant Rd., T. Heath. Educ, St. Mary's (R.C.) Sch., Croydon. 
Empl. for 10 yrs. as asst., Messrs. Watson, tobacconists, George 
St., Croydon. Enl., Apr., '16. D., of injuries inflicted by a 
bomb dropped by enemy air-craft, 14 Oct., '17. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 345 

Mann, Alexander Charles Douglas, Pte., 13 Canterbury Regt., N.Z. 
Exp. Force. 

b., '93 ; s., late Q.M. Sgt. George Mann, 38 Mansfield Rd., 
Croydon. Went to New Zealand early in '14. Enl., 12 Aug., 
'14 ; w. twice at Dardanelles. D. at sea on the Hosp. ship, 
" Valdiva," 12 Aug., '15. 

Mann, G. W., Capt., Act.-Major, M.G.C. (Heavy Branch). 

e.?., late Q.M. Sgt. George Mann, 38 Mansfield Rd., Croydon. 
Educ, Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. Married. Enl,, in 
R. Scots, '14 ; twice ment. in desp. Fell, France, Aug., '17. 

Mann, George Cyril Stanley, L/Cpl., 8 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Clapham Common, 15 Sept., '97 ; s., Samuel Edward & 
Emma Louisa Mann, " Keston," Alton Rd., Waddon. Educ., 
M. Whitgift Sch., Croydon. Single. Bank clerk. Enl., 
13 May, 'i6. i^'e//; Ypres, 9 Aug., '17. 

Mansfield, Harry, Pte., 6 Lond. Regt. 

b., London. Educ, Bensham Man. Rd. Preparatory Sch., and 
Dr. Simpson's Sch., S. Norwood. Single. Res., " Glenagle," 
Cotford Rd., T. Heath. Enl., May, '15. Fell, Hill 60, nr. 
Ypres, 22 Oct., '16. 

Manton, John Maurice, Pte., 1/4 R.W.S. Regt. (attd. 2 Norf. Regt.) 

b., Livingstone Rd., T. Heath, 13 Jul., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 
Manton, 49 Broadway Av., Croydon. Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. House decorator. Enl., 21 Sept., '14. 
D. of dysentery, Mesopotamia, 24 Aug., '15. 

March, Thomas H., Pte., 2 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 4 Queen St., Croydon, 2 Jan., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. J. March, 
I Magdala Rd., Croydon. Educ, Bynes Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Labourer. Etd., Apr., '14. Fell, Bullecourt, 11 May, '17. 

Marchant, George H. E., Sgt., Can. Exp. Forces. 

b., '92. Res., S. Norwood. D. of wounds, 17 Sept., '16. 

Marks, A. W., 14651, Sgt., Dorset Regt. 
* Res., T. Heath. D. of wounds, '17. 

Marlow, William, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, i8 Jan., '83 ; s., Mr. & late Mrs. Marlow, 23 Pound 
Lane, Epsom. Educ, St. Andrew's Sch., and Brit. Sch., 
Croydon. Married. Lead glazier. Res., 104 Old Town, 
Croydon. Enl., in 1/4 R.W.S. Regt., Mar., '09 ; served in 
India ; ret. home time expired, and was sent to France, Oct., '16. 
D. at 5 C.C.S., France, of acute bronchitis and pneumonia, 26 
Feb., '17. 

Marr, Ja.mes Neil Thomson, Cpl., 32 Lab. Coy., R.A.S.C. 

b., '84. Educ, Ashe's Sch. Married ; 3 children. Res., 57 
Broughton Rd., T. Heath. Freemason. D. at West Bridgford 
Hosp., nr. Nottingham, 3 Nov., '16. 

Marsh, Arthur, Pte., Australian LF. 

b., '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Marsh, 22 Hastings Rd., Addis. Educ, 
Woodside and Oval Rd. Schs., Croydon. For 5 yrs. empl. at 
Messrs. Smith's bookstall at E. Croydon Stn. ; afterwards steward 
on R.M.S. " Dunottar Castle," and R.M.S. " Osterley." Enl., 
at Sydney, Feb., '15 ; m., Gallipoli, '15. Fell, France, 27 
Mar., '18. 

Marsh, Charles Richard, 3419, Pte., i Middlesex Regt. 

b., 18 Dec, '85 : s., Mr. & Mrs. Marsh, " Grabble Farm," nr. 
Dover. Educ, Dover. Married. Medical dispenser. Res., 
" Grabble," 4 Compton Rd., Addis. Enl., 5 Jun., '16. Fell, 
Arras, 23 Apr., '17. 



346 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Marshall, C. H., Lt. 

School teacher, Winterbourne Rd. Boys' Sch., T. Heath. Fell^ 

2 Apr., 'i8. 
Marshall, D. S., L/Cpl., Q.W. Rif. (i6 Lond. Regt.) 

Marshall, Harry, Driver, R.F.A. 

b., Croydon, 2 Nov., '95 ; s., Henry & Eliza Marshall, 5 Albion 
St., W. Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single, 
Enl., Aug., '13. Fell, Battle of the Aisne, 15 Sept., '14. 

Marshall, Henry, 2/Lt., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Lond., 26 Jan., '92 ; 2nd s., late Mr.,& Mrs. Charles Marshall, 
" Daylesford," Norbury. Single. Estate agent. Enl., Aug., '14 ; 
went to India, Oct., '14; ret. to Eng. for commis., Nov., '15. 
Fell, Amiens, i Aug., '18. 

Marshall, Stanley S., L/Cpl., Gordon H. 

b., '99 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Albert Marshall, 49 Mansfield Rd., 
Croydon. Educ, Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. Enl., in 
Lond. Scottish, Apr., '17. D., 18 Aug., '18, of wounds reed. 
in France. 

Martin, Albert Henry, ist Class Stoker, R.N. 

e.s., Mr. & Mrs. A. J. Martin, " Beechhurst," Grange Rd., S. 
Norwood. Educ., Ingram Rd. Sch., Croydon. Joined, 19 
Sept., '13. D. while on active service, Oct., '18. 

Martin, Francis Henry, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b.. Eagle Hill, Norwood, 18 Sept., '76. Educ, Rockmount Rd. 
Sch., U. Norwood. Married. Lather and painter. Res., 7 
Naseby Rd., U. Norwood. Enl., 19 Nov., '15 ; w., Somme, 
Jul., '16. D. of wounds, 12 Oct., '18. 

Martin, George, Pte., 16 Can. Scottish (Medical Sect.). 

b., 25 Sept., '85 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Martin, 45 Stanger Rd., 
S.Norwood. E'rfwc, Skerry's Coll., Croydon. Single. Engineer. 
Res., London, Ontario. Enl., Feb., '15. Fell, France, 12 
Sept., '17. 

Martin, Harry Edward, 2/Lt., R.F.C. 

b., Kilburn, 15 Feb., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. A. Martin, 67 Lr, 
Addis. Rd., Croydon. Educ, Oval Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Partner in Martin Bros., builders, Croydon. Res., in Croydon 
since '97. Trained at Hendon ; gained pilot's certif., 21 Jun., 
'16 ; obtained his wings, Sept., '16 ; went to France, 28 Oct., '16, 
Fell, nr. Arras, i6 Nov., '16. Buried at Aubigny Communal Cem. 
(Plate XIX., 2). 

Martin, James Hubert, 2nd A.M., R.F.C. 

b., Swanscombe, Kent, 27 Dec, '92 ; J., Mr. & Mrs. Martin, 
389 Thornton Rd., Croydon. Educ, Galley Hill Sch., Swans- 
combe, Kent. Single. Electrician. Res., i Cecil Rd., 
Croydon. Enl., 1 Nov., '15. D. of injuries reed, in accident 
while flying at Gosport, 11 Mar., '16. 

Martin, John Stanley, Pte., R.W. Kent Regt. 

b., Redhill, 4 Jun., '90 ; s., George & Eliza Martin, 31 Cresswell 
Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Woodside Sch., and Portland Rd. 
Sch., S. Norwood. Single. Milk carrier. Enl., 3 Jun., '15. 
Fell, Somme, 15 Sept., '16. 

Martin, Robert Somerville, Sgt., Winnipeg Grenadiers. 

b., Scotland, '80. Married, Gertrude, daughter of Mr. & Mrs. 
Usher, 116 Sydenham Rd. N., Croydon. Res., Anerley, and 
later in Canada. D., '18, at Winnipeg, Manitoba, of wounda 
reed, in France. Buried, at Brookside Cem., Winnipeg. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 347 

Martin, Stanley, Drummer, Lanes. Fus. 

b., '99 : y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Martin, " Retreat House," T. Heath. 
Educ, V/hitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Enl., Oct., '15. Fell, 

14 Oct., '18. 

Martin, Stanley Curley James, 2/Lt., Hants. Regt. 

b., 2 Dec, '83 : s., Daniel & Amelia Martin, 6 Sunny Bank, 
S. Norwood. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '97-98. 

Martin, W. H., L/Cpl., Arg^'Il & Sutherland H. 

y.s., Mr. & Mrs. G. H. Martin, 103 Selsdon Rd , Croydon. 
Educ, Brighton Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Booking clerk, 
S. Croydon and Forest Hill Stns. Enl., 8 Nov., '15 ; went to 
France, Apr., '16 ; gassed, 7 Jul., '18. Fell, 23 Aug., '18. 

Martin, W. J., Pte. 

b., '97 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Martin, 9 Rymer Rd., Addis. Empl. by 
Mr. Boxall, greengrocer, Cherry Orchard Rd., Croydon. Enl., 
'is ; served in Egypt, 'i6-Jul., 'i8. Fell, France, Aug., '18. 

Martin, Walter Percival, 2/Lt., Leicester Regt. 

b., 4 Jun., '90 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Walter Joseph Martin, 69 Waddon 
Rd.. Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '01-06. 

Martin, William Harold, 2/Lt., Lond. Regt. 

b., '90 ; s., Mr. & I\lrs. Herbert Martin, U. Norwood. Educ, 
Dulwich Coll., and Wadham Coll., Oxford. Joined, Oct., '14. 

Martins, John, Pte., R.W. Fus. 

6., Norwich, '85. E'c/mc, Norwich. Married; i child. Empl. 
as attendant at Croydon Infirmary for 7 yrs. Res., 289 Ben- 
sham Lane, T. Heath. Enl, 19 May, '16. Fell, N.W. of Albert, 
22 Apr., '18. 

Martyr, Frank Robert, Pte. 

b., Woodside, '92. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Empl. at Lond. 
and S. Western Bank. Res., 85 Woodside Green, S. Norwood. 
Enl., Oct., '15 ; served in France, May, 'i6-Aug., '17. Fell, 
Messines, 6 Aug., '17. 

Mash, Arthur, Pte., Aust.LF. 

Mash, W., 12062, Rflmn.. R.B. 
Fell, '16. 

Maslin, Charles, Coy.Q.M.Sgt., 2/4 Lond. Regt. (R. Fus.) 

b., '82. Married. Res., 90 St. Saviour's Rd., Croydon. Enl., 
'14 ; served in Gallipoli, from where he was invalided home, 15 
Dec, '16. D. at Grange Mil. Hosp., Southport. 8 Jan., '16. 

Massey, Hugh Alexander, Lt., R.N.D. ("Howe " Btn.) 

b., 2 Mar., '85 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Hugh Holland Massey, Whitley. 
Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '93-99. Fell, Gallipoli. 

Mates. Thomas St. George, R.W.S. Regt. 

b.. Victory Place, U. Norwood ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Mates, 59 Ridsdale 
Rd., Anerley. Educ, Rockmount Rd. Sch., U. Norwood. 
Married. Shoe maker. Res., 30 Eagle Plill, U. Norwood. 
Previously served 13 yrs. in army. Enl., 4 Aug., '14. D., 6 
Nov., '14, in a German pris. of war hosp., of wounds reed, at 
Ypres. 

Mathers, Charles, 2722, Pte., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b.. Ware, Hertford., 23 Nov., '68. Married. Painter. Res,, 

15 Fountain Rd., T. Heath. Enl., 3 Oct., '14. Fell, Dardanelles, 
28 Aug., '15. 

Mathews, Frederick John, 43623, Pte., 17 Middlesex Regt. 

b., Lond., I Mar., '91 ; s., William & Lillah Mathews, 15 Balfour 
Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Aldgate Ward Schs., & Sir John Cass 
Sch Single. Clerk. Enl., 13 Mar., '16. Fell, Beaumont 
Hamel, 13 Nov., '16. 



348 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Matthews, F., 43623, Pte., Middlesex Regt. 
Res., Norwood. Fell, '17. 

Matthews, F. R., Lt., E. Sur. Regt. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., Croydon. Missing, '18, 

Matthews, Frank Arthur, Lt., 10 R. Suss Regt., attd. R.F.C, 

b., Bexhill, Suss., 11 Nov., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Matthews, 312 
Brighton Rd., S. Croydon. Educ, Holmwood Sch., Bexhill. 
Single. Actor (with Sir F. R. Benson's Coy.). Enl., 5 Sept., 
'14, in R. Berks. Regt. ; sgt., Dec, '14 ; commis., Jan., '16 ; 
served for i yr. in Egypt ; attd. to R.F.C, and gained his wings, 
Dec, '16 ; went to France, Mar., '17. Fell, 24 Apr., '17, while 
on bombing raid over German lines, nr. St. Quentin. (Plate 
XVII., 5). 

Matthews, W., Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Educ, Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. Enl., Aug., '14 ; served 
abroad, May, '15-Oct., '17. Fell, 11 Oct., '17. 

Matthews, William, Pte., Northd. Fus. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. J. Matthews, Avington Grove, Penge. Married, 
L. R., daughter of Mr. & Mrs. Baldwin, of Anerley. Res., 
Hebbum, Newcastle-on-Tyne. Fell, 3 May, '17. 

Matthews, William Henry, L/Sgt., i Gren. Gds. 

b., S. Norwood, 25 Mar., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Matthews, 13 
Albert Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Birchanger Rd. Sch., S. Nor- 
wood. Single. Memb, of St. Mark's, S. Norwood, C.L.B. 
Enl., '13, Fell, Givenchy, 16 Jun., '15. 

Maud, A. J., 25553, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 
Res., W. Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Maunsell, Wilfrid Innocent, Capt., Scottish Rif. 

6., '84 ; J., Surgeon- Geri. T. Maunsell, C.B., 29 Broughton Rd,, 
T. Heath. Joined Lanes. Fus., '02 ; transf. to Scottish Rif., 
'c8 ; company commdr., Feb., '13. Fell, France, 8 Feb., '15, 

Mawson, W. F., 4527, Pte., Lond. Regt. 
Fell, '16. 

May, Harold Gostwyck, 2/Lt., i Dorset Regt. 

b., Croydon, 16 May, '87 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. R. C. May, "Sher- 
borne,'' Woodside Green, S. Norwood. Educ. Sherborne Sch., 
where he was capt. of cricket team ; represented sch. in Publ. 
Schs. Boxing at Aldershot, etc. ; took his degree at Trinity Coll., 
Dublin. Single. Schoolmaster at Kelly's Coll., Llandovery, 
Clifton and Sherborne, to which he returned as a master in Sept., 
'14. jfoined as 2/Lt., Nov., '14. D., 27 Mar., '15, at 7 Gen. 
Hosp., Boulogne, of wounds reed, at St. Eloi, 14 Mar., '15. 

Mayes, Walter Henry, Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., 3 Seymour Place, S. Norwood, 17 Apr., '89 ; s., late Mr., & 
Mrs. Mayes, 20 Cresswell Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Birchanger 
Rd. Sch., S. Norwood. Single. Clerk. Enl., 17 Mar., '15, 
Fell, France, 3 Jun., '18. 

Mayo, A. G., S/3072S9, Pte., R.A.S.C. 

Res., S. Norvv'ood. D. of wounds, '17. 

Mazzey, John, Driver, R.F.A. 

b., Clewer, nr. Windsor ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Mazzey, 90 High St., 
Caterham. Educ, Godstone and Caterham Counc Schs. 
Single. Engineer. Res., 38 Farningham Rd., Caterham Valley. 
Enl., 5 Jan.. '15. D. at Mil. Hosp., Southsea, of pneumonia, 
31 Jan., '15. 

Meades, Harry Edward, L/Cpl., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Swanley, Kent, 29 Oct., '96 ; s., Ernest & Elizabeth Meades, 
I20 Church St., Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Compositor. Ettl., 10 Aug., '14, Fell, Dardanelles, 
23 Aug., '15. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 349 

Medhurst, E., 52497, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '17. 
Meech, Edgar Frederick, Pioneer, R.E 

/»., Brixton, 7 Feb., '97 ; s., Frederick & Frances Meech, 26 

Kilmartin Av., Norbury. £'Juc., Streatham Mod. Sch. Single. 

Analytical chemist. Enl., 25 Mar., '16. D., 1 Apr., '17, at 

19 C.C.S., of wounds reed. 38 Mar., '17. 
Melbourne, R., 153250, Pte., 43 Btn., Can. Inf. 

Formerly res. in Croydon, being empl. as turncock. 
Mercer, C. J., L/Cpl., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., '95 : e.s., Mr. & Mrs. W. J. Mercer, Milton Rd., Croydon. 

Empl. by Messrs. Curwen, Wood St., E.C, Enl., Aug., '15 ; 

served 15 months in France. Fell, 27 Mar., '18, 
Mercer, Walter Charles, Coy.Sgt.Maj., 17 R. Fus. 

b., '91. Empl. by Messrs. Allder, North End, Croydon. Res., 

S. Norwood. Goal-keeper for S. Norwood Wednesday Football 

Club, and memb. of S. Norwood Wednesday Cricket Club. 

Enl., 8 Dec, '14. D., 8 Apr., '18, of wounds reed, in France 

2 days prev. 
Merriman, Arthur Preston, Pte., Manchr. Regt. 

b., Penge, 26 Jan., '95 ; s., Henry & C. Merriman, 62 Donald Rd., 

Croydon. Educ, Boston Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married. Baker. 

Res., 60 Howbur>' Rd., Nunhead. Enl., in E. Sur. Regt., 19 

Jan., '16. Fell, Sanctuary Wood, nr. Ypres, 3 Jul., '17. 
Merriman, Henry John, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Penge, 14 Sept., '90 ; s., Henry & C. Merriman, 62 Donald 

Rd., Croydon. Educ., Boston Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. 

Shop asst. Res., W. Croydon. Enl., i Oct., '06. Fell, 

Zonnebeke, 21 Oct., '14. 
Messenger, Herbert Sydney. 

2nd s., Sydney & Sophia Messenger, Lodge Rd., Croydon. 

Married, Haddie, daughter of Mr. Novell. Res., Brockley. D. of 

wounds reed, in France, 29 Jul., '18. 
Metcalfe, W. C, 2/Lt., E. Sur. Regt. 

Fell, '16. 
Meyers, Edwin J., L/Cpl., R. Fus. 

b., Australia, '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. H. W. Meyers, 52 Temple Rd ., 

Croydon. Educ., M. Whitgift Sch, Enl., Aug., '14. D. of 

wounds, '16. 
Meyrick, Geoffrey James, Pte., Gordon H. 

b., Lond., 18 Apr., '99 ; s., James Frederick Battram & Wilhel- 

mina Meyrick, 71 Gonville Rd., T. Heath. Educ, M. Whitgift 

Sch. Single. Bank clerk. £■«/., in Lond. Scottish, i May, '17. 

Fell, Bois de Rheims, 23 Jul., 'i8. 
Middleton, Aubrey Francis, Rflmn., Kensingtons (13 Lond. Regt.). 

b., '97. Res., S. Norwood. Fell, 29 Aug., '18. 
Middleton, Leonard W., 2/Lt., R.F.C. 

Educ, W^hitgift G. Sch. Enl., in R.E., as despatch rider, '14 ; 

served in France, Oct., '14-Nov.. '17 ; transf. to R.F.C, '16. 

Fell, France, 8 Nov., '17. 
Miles, Bernard C, 8 SufF. Regt. 

Empl. as maintenance attendant, Croydon Gas Coy. Missing, 

12 Oct., '17. 
Miles, Charles Talbot, Rflmn., L.R.B. (2/5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Alexandra Rd., Addis., 28 Dec, '96 ; s., Walter Talbot & 

Sophie J. Miles, 399 Whitehorse Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Croydon. 

Single. Junior clerk, Messrs. Pearson & Son, Billiter St., E.C. 

Enl., 19 Apr., '15 ; went to France, 10 Nov., '15 ; invalided to 

England with trench feet, Mar., '16 ; returned to France, 13 Feb., 

'17 ; w., 17 Jun., '17. Fell, Wurst Farm, Ypres, 20 Sept., '17. 



350 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Miles, George Henry, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Earlsheaton, Yorks., 28 Sept., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Richard 
Miles, 31 Cuthbert Rd., W. Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Printer. Enl., i Feb., '15. Fell, Ypres, 
4 Jan., '18. 

Miles, Herbert. 

b., Earlsheaton, 13 Sept., '91 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Miles, 31 Cuthbert 
Rd., Croydon. Ediic, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single, 
Labourer. Enl., 17 Aug., '12. Fell, Delville Wood, Somme, 
18 Aug., '16. 

Miles, Herbert Talbot. 2/Lt., R.F.A. 

/;., Croydon, 3 Aug., '89 ; 5., late Mr. Miles, & Mrs. H. Fuller, 
16 Alexandra Rd., Leyton. Educ, Reedham Sch., Purley. Single. 
Accountant. Res., Leyton. Enl., as pte. in A.P.C., 21 Oct., '14 ; 
commis. in Yeom., 18 Oct., '15 ; transf. to R.F.A. Fell, Bapaume, 
16 Apr., '17. 

Miles, W. G., Pte., Lond. Regt. 

h., '97 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Miles, 15 Frith Rd., Croydon. Educ, 
Welcome Hall, Croydon. Enl., in E. Sur. Regt., 14. Fell. 
7 Oct., '16. 

Millard, A. G., 2/Lt., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., '91 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Millard, Langdale House, T. Heath. 
Educ, Eton Choir Sch. (while there acting as asst. organist to 
Dr. C. H. Lloyd) and R. Coll. of Mus. ; later organist. Par. Ch., 
Farnham, and music master at Marlborough Coll., and Felstead 
Sch. ; F.R.C.O., and A.R.C.M. ; hon. memb. of Royal Albert 
Inst., Windsor ; memb. of Windsor Orchestral Soc, and first 
hon. conductor. Amateur Operatic Soc. Enl., in Artists Rif. 
O.T.C., Jan., '16 ; commis., Dec, '16. Fell, 7 Aug., '17. 

MiLLEN, William George, Cpl., Wilts. Regt. 

Sth s., late Mr. G, A. & Mrs. Millen, 82 Sumner Rd., Croydon. 
Educ, M. Whitgift Sch., and Oxford County Sch. Married. 
Empl. on " Croydon Advertiser," and managing editor of " The 
Brick and Pottery Trades Journal." Res., " St. Aubyn's," 
Royston Rd., Penge. Enl., Sept., '14. Fell, Neuville Vitasse. 
9 Apr., '17. 

Miller, Clement Francis, 2/Lt., 46 Signals, Engineers, Ind. Army Res. 
5., Mr. & Mrs. S. A. Miller, 45 Richmond Rd., T. Heath. Enl. 
in R.W.S. Regt. (Territorial), 23 Apr., '12 ; commis. in LA.R., 
15 Jan., '18. D. of pneumonia, King George's Hosp., Poona, 
India, 5 Oct., '18. 

Miller, E., 10730, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 
Res., W. Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Miller, Miss Jane Sophia M.-vry Ann. 

b., '65. Dressmaker's asst. Res., 51 Oval Rd., Croydon. 
Killed during air-raid, Oct., '15. 

Miller, John, 33315, Pte., Middlesex Regt. 

Married. Res., 9 Elm Rd., T. Heath. Fell, France, 13 Jul., '17. 

MiLLiAM, Matthew Mark, 9625, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '82 ; s., late Mr., & Mrs. Milliam, 26 Purley Rd., Croydon. 
Educ, Bynes Rd. Sch., Croydon. Empl. by Mr. Knight, builder. 
Enl., Sept., '15. Fell, 18 Aug., '17. 

Milligan, Eric Edgar, Rflmn., 17 K.R.R.C. 

b , Croydon, Jan., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. John Milhgan, 177 
Sydenham Rd. N., Croydon. Educ, Brit. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Pawnbroker's asst. £«/., 29 May, '15. Fell,Thiepva], 
Somme, 3 Sept., '16. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 351 

MiLLiGAN, Hamilton Herries, Officers' Cook, 2nd Class., R.N. 

b., Croydon, 5 Nov., '89 ; 2nd s., Mr & Mrs. John ?4illigan, 

177 Sydenham Rd. N., Croydon. Educ, Brit. Sch., Croydon. 

Married. Chef and roast-cook. Joined, 8 Feb., '16. Lost 

on H.M.S. " Mary Rose " (T.B.D.), sunk in North Sea, 17 Oct.,'17. 
Mills, John, Pte., 7 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '88 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Mills, 92 Leighton St. East, Croydon. 

Empl. by Croydon Corporation as boatman at Wandle Park. 

Fell, France, 25 Aug.,' 15. 
MiLSTEAD, Willi.«lm Walter, Pte., 7 R. Suss. Regt. 

/'., T. Heath, 23 Feb., '89 (?). Educ, Beulah Rd. Sch., Croydon. 

Married ; i child. Baker, empl. by Mrs. Graham, Norbury Rd., 

T. Heath. Res., 46 Mersham Rd., T. Heath. Fell, France, 

3 May, '17. 
Miriam, Leonard, Rflmn., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Miriam, 18 Mayo Rd., Croydon. Empl. 

by Messrs. Cook & Son, .St. Paul's Churchyard, Lond., E.C. 

Enl, Jun., '17. Fell, 18 Aug., '18. 
Mitchell, Erik Harrison, Capt., att. R.F.C. 

b., 5 Jul., '94. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '04. Ment. in desp., 

M.C. 
Mitchell, Frank O., Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '92. Empl. by Messrs. Heath & Co., sign writers, Croydon. 

Res., Parchmore Rd., T. Heath. Enl., Nov., '15. Fell, 17 

Sept., '16. 
Mitchell, Harold David, Bdr., R.F.A. 

b., 31 Thornton Rd., T. Heath, i Mar., '98 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 

Mitchell, 3 1 Thornton Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Winterbourne Rd. 

Sch., T. Heath. Single. Milkman. Enl., 13 May, '16. 

Fell, France, 21 Mar., 'i8. (Plate XIX., 4). 
Mitchell, Herbert Thomas, Pte., 9 R. Suss. Regt. 

b., 88 Old Town, Croydon, 26 Feb., '91 ; s., William James & 

Elizabeth Ann Miichell, 54 Pawson's Rd., Croydon. Educ, 

Princess Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Empl. by L.B.&S.C.R., 

at Rowfant Stn. Res., Crawley, Suss. Enl., 1 Sept., '14. Fell, 

Ypres, 13 Feb., '16. 
Mitchell, J. M., 263037, Pte., Seaforth H. 

Res., S. Norwood. Fell, 'i-j. 
Mitchell, James, Driver, R.A.S.C. 

b., Croydon, 3 Oct., '83 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. W. Mitchell, 10 Boston 

Rd., W. Croydon. .E^mc, Boston Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married, 

Labourer. Enl., 8 May, '08 ; served in France from Aug., '14. 

D. of heart disease and tuberculosis, 7 Apr., '20. 
Mitchell, James Hill, 2902, Sgt., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 71 Villa St., Walworth, 29 Nov., '77 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Mitchell, 

15 Siddons Rd., Croydon. Educ, Brit. Sch., Croydon. Single. 

Wireman. Enl., 9 Oct., '14. D., 5 Dec, '15, of wounds reed. 

at Suvla Bay, 2 Dec, '15. 
Mitchell, Jesse Arthur, Pte., 1/5 Seaforth H. 

b., 2 St. John's Rd., S. Norwood, 28 Feb., '82 ; s., George & 

Fanny E. Mitchell, 186 Holmesdale Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, 

Eirchanger Rd. Sch., S. Norwood. Single. Motorman, 

Crovdon Corp. Tramways. Enl., 15 May, '16. Fell, Belgium, 

5 Jul., '17. (Plate XV., 2). 
Mitchell, John, L/Cpl., 5 Seaforth H. 

s., late Harry William Mitchell, of S. Norwood. Married a 

daughter of W. Rowlinson, of Letchworth, Herts ; 4 children. 

Baker. Res., no Stanley Rd., Croydon. Enl., 29 May, '16. 

Fell, 27 Jul., '18. Buried, Jouchery, nr. Rheims. 



352 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Mitchell, John Leishman, 2/Lt., R. Irish Rif. 

h., '97 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Adam Mitchell, " Hurley House," 
Belvedere Rd., U. Norwood. Educ., Alleyn Coll., Dulwich. 
Enl., in Artists Rif., Oct., '15 ; commis., 10 Jul., '16 ; went to 
France, 4 Feb., '17, with 2/1 1 Lond. Regt, D., Jun., '17, of 
wounds reed, in France, 24 May, '17. 

Mitchell, W., 17847. Pte., R.W. Kent Regt. 
Res., Norwood. Fell, '17. 

Moat, Charles Walter, Rflmn., i R.B. 

b., T. Heath, 10 Aug., '93 ; s., late Henry Ernest, & Mary Ann 
Moat, 37 Penrith Rd., T. Heath. Educ, All Saints' Ch. Sch., 
U. Norwood. Single. Motor driver. Enl., 18 Feb., '15. 
Missing, presumed fallen, Le Transloy, 18 Oct., '16. 

Molton, G., 20190, Pte., Essex Regt. 
Res., Addis. Fell, '16. 

Molyneux, N. W., 20934, Pte., E. Kent Regt. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Monckton, Alfred Edward, Sapper, R.E. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Monckton, 244 Bensham Lane, T. Heath, 
Missing, '18. 

Montague, Edward Archibald William, 11260, Pte., R. Suss. Regt. 
h., Melbourne, Australia, 11 Jun., '92 ; s., Edward & Susanna 
Montague, 92 Portland Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, St. Augustine's 
Upper Grade Sch., Kilburn. Single. Ship's steward. Served 
on H.M.S. " Engadine " as officers' steward, 13 Aug., '14-16 Dec., 
'15. Enl., I Apr., '16. Fell, Somme, 9 Sept., '16. 

Montague, John George, A.B Seaman, R N.D. 

b., Selhurst New Rd., 3 May, '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. E. Montague, 
180 Gloucester Rd., Croydon. Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Wireman. Enl., Aug., '15. D., 26 Apr., 
'17, at I Can. C.C.S., France, of wounds reed. nr. Arras, 24 Apr., 

'17. 

Moody, Frederic Arthur, 208514, Pte., 4 Norf. Regt. 

b., Walham Green, Fulham, 26 Oct., '92 ; s., late Mr., & Mrs. A 
Moody, 143 Northwood Rd., T. Heath. Educ, All Saints' Sch. 
Fulham. Single. Gas engineer. Memb.of C.L.B., and V.T.C 
until enlistment. Etil., 29 Sept., '16. Fell, Cambrai, 20 Nov., '17 

MoojEN, Walter Lens, Pte., R. Fus. (U.P.S.) 

b., 12 Feb., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Walter Moojen, 6 Pollard's 
Hill N., Norbury. Edtic, Whitgift G. Sch., '04-11. 

Moon, J. F., 130830, Sapper, R.E. 

Res., S. Norwood. D. of wounds, '16. 

Moon, Richard John, L/Cpl., 1/19 Lond. Regt. 

b., 88 Stepney Green, 14 Jun., '80 ; 5., Richard & Fanny Moon, 
102 Mansfield Rd., Hampstead. Educ, Princess Rd. Sch., 
Regent's Park. Married. Bookseller's clerk. Res., 33 Ferndale 
Rd., S. Norwood. Served vjixh 17 Middlesex Regt. (Volunteers), 
21 Oct., '03-31 Mar., '08. Enl., 22 May, '15. D. of wounds 
reed., 23 May, '16. Buried, Barlin Cem., nr. Vimy Ridge. 

Moore, Henry Glanville Allen, Col., 6 E. Yorks. Regt. 

b., Nov., '65 ; 5., Rev. & Mrs. Henry Dawson Moore, " Clydes- 
dale," North Park, Croydon. Served in Nile Exped. (Khartoum). 
Fell, Dardanelles, '15. 

Moore, Leslie, Trooper, R. Bucks. Hussars. 

b., Albert Rd., Addis., 14 Oct., '96 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Moore, 
6 Albert Rd., Addis. Educ, Oval Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Empl. at Valuation Dept., Somerset House. Enl., Sept., '14 ; 
w., Gallipoli, '15, and W. Egypt, '16. D. of wounds reed, at 
Gaza, 29 Apr., '17. 



XIX. 









Rflmn. E. J. Leech, i Lond. Rif. B. 

2/Lt. H. E. Martin, R.F.C. 

2/Lt. K. L. N. McCuLLocH, i6 Middlesex Regt. 

Bdr. H. D. Mitchell, R.F.A. 

Rflmn. L. L. Longman, Q, Vict. Rif. (9 Lond. Regt.) 

2/Lt. L. H. MuLKERN, Machine Gun Corps 



XX. 









L/Cpl R. A. McGniRE, 2/13 Lond. Regt. 

Pte. A. E. Lucas, R.F.C. 

Sgt. J. S. MuGFORD, Machine Gun Corps 

Sgt. F T. LiBBY, Lond. Rif. B. 

Lt. K. MoRFEY, 16 Rajputs (Ind. Army) 

Seaman H. Major, R.N.V.R. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 353 

Moore, R. J., Act.-Sgt., R.W.S. Regt. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '16. 

Moore, Sidney Herbert, Pte., E. Kent Regt. 

b., '86 ; 4th s., Mr. & Mrs. Moore, 6 Albert Rd., Addis. Edue., 
Oval Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married. Fruiterer. Res., 136 
Cherry Orch. Rd., Croydon. Enl., Mar., '16. Fell, France, 
27 Aug., '18. 

MoRANT, Gerald A., Capt., W. Yorks. Regt. 

b., '96 ; y.s., late Mr. & Mrs. McKay Morant, " The Glade," 
FarquharRd., U. Norwood. Educ.,WhitgiitG.Sch. Married. 
M.C. Fell, 15 Apr., '18. 

MoRDEN, W. H., Sgt., M.G.C. 

6., '82. Married. Manager, Messrs. Wm. Glaisher, Ltd., book- 
sellers, George St., Croydon. Res., 8g Ashburton Av., Croydon. 
Served in S. African War. D. of influenza and pneumonia, Le 
Havre, 4 Mar., '19. 

MoRETON, Robert, Pte., 12 Suff. Regt. 

b., 107 Biggin Hill, 7 Jun., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Moreton, 22 
Queen's Rd., U. Norwood. Educ, Rockmount Rd. Sch., U. 
Norwood. Single. Grocer's asst. Enl., Sept., '15. D. of 
wounds, France, 27 Jul., '16. 

MoRFEY, Kenneth, Lt., 16 Rajputs (attd. 97 Inf.) 

b; '95 ; y-^-y Cyrus & Edith Morfey, 3 Altyre Rd., Croydon. 
Educ, Laleham Sch., Margate. Single. Asst. to his father 
(merchant). Enl., in H.A.C., 5 Aug., '14 ; went to France, 
Sept., '14 ; w., Ypres, Jun., '15 ; ret. to Sandhurst, Sept., '15, 
passing exam, for Indian Army; commis., 7 Apr., '16 ; went to 
India, 5 Oct., '16 ; posted to 16 Rajputs, 7 Nov., 16 ; served in 
Mesopotamia, '17-18. D. after an operation for appendicitis, 
Baghdad, 20 May, '18. (Plate XX., 5). 

Morgan, D. H., Pte., Lond. Regt. 

Educ, WTiitgift G. Sch., '01-05. Fell, '16. 

Morgan, Henry Edward Alfred, Chief P.O., R.N. 

J., Mr. & Mrs. H. A. Morgan, Belmont Rd., S. Norwood. Held 
Roval Humane Soc. Cert, for saving life from drowning. Fell 
in Battle of Jutland, 31 May, '16. 

Morgan, W., R.N.V.R. 

Educ, High Sch., Croydon. Fell, Dardanelles, '16. 

Morgan, W. G., 6476, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

Empl. bv Pub. Health Dept., Croydon Corp. Res., Croydon. 
Fell, '16.' 

Morley, H., 1052, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 
Fell, '16. 

Morris, Albert E., Gnr., R.FA. 

b., 20 Apr., '95 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. S. T. Morris, 43 Lond, Rd., 
Croydon. Enl., i Jun., '15 ; served in France, 27 Nov., '15- 
Jul., '17. Fell, 5 Jul., '17. 

Morris, Lionel Bertram Frank, z/ht., R.F.C. 

b., Lond., 26 Dec, '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Alfred Frank Morris, 
" Merle Bank," Rotherfield Rd., Carshalton. Educ, Whitgift G. 
Sch., '10-13. Single. Joined Inns of Court O.T.C., May, '15 ; 
brought down over German lines, 17 Sept., '16. D. at a German 
Hosp., nr. Cambrai, same day. 

Morris, Wilfrid Stanley, Pte., 6 K.S.L.I. 

b., Brockley, 5 .Jun., '90 ; e.s., William H. & Clara Morris, 21 
Northampton Rd., Croydon. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Single. 
Tailor's cutter. Res., Shrewsbury, Salop. Enl., Aug., '14 ; 
taken pris. nr. Ham, about 24 Mar., '18. D. of pneumonia at 
Giessen, Germany, 31 Jul., '183 

W 



354 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

MoRRiSH, Harold, A.B. Seaman, R.N. 

b., Oldfield Rd., Stoke Newington, i8 Nov., '88 ; s., T. S. & 
late Celia Morrish, 38 Cranbrook Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Old- 
field Rd. Sch., Stoke Newington. Single. Joined ZT ?>e-pt.,'o2. 
Lost with H.M.S. " Bulwark," destroyed by internal explosion, 
Sheerness, 6 Nov., '14. 

MoRTER, Alan Gordon, Artists Rif. O.T.C. 

b., '87 ; 2nds., Mr. & Mrs. James Morter, Norwood and L'ngfield. 
D., 7 Mar., '17. 

Mortimer, C, Pte. 

b., '93. Married. Res., 93 Lr. Addis. Rd., Croydon. Fell, 

26 Apr., '18. 

Mortimer, Charles, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 21 Keen's Rd., Croydon ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Alfred Mortimer, 
21 Keen's Rd., Croydon. Educ, St. Andrew's Sch., Croydon. 
Married. Printer. Mobilised with Territorials, 4 Aug., '14 ; 
went to India ; ret., time expired May, '16 ; went to Egypt with 
3/4 R.W.S. Regt., Jan., '17 ; w., Gaza, 4 Nov., '17. Fell, nr. 
Jerusalem, 26 Apr., '18. 

Morton, Horace, Pte., 19 Middlesex Regt. 

b., Dulwich, 28 Sept., '86. Educ, Dulwich Hamlet and White- 
chapel Foundation Sch. Married. Clerk. Res., 119 Mayall 
Rd., Heme Hill. Enl., 13 Feb., '15. Fell, France, 31 Jul., '17. 

Morton, W. A., Pte., R. Fus. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

MoscROP, Ernest Arthur, Pte., Manchr. Regt. 

b., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Moscrop, 39 Moffatt Rd., T. Heath. 
Educ, Beulah Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Empl. by Messr.^. Weldon 
and Co., Mitcham Rd., Croydon. Enl., 8 Mar., '17. Fell, 
France, 31 Jul., '17. 

Moss, Edmund Charles, 22341, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Married. Res., 250 Bensham Lane, T. Heath. Enl., Nov., '14. 
Fell, May, '17. 

MoTT, Edward Charles, Pte., 4 R. Fus. 

b., Croydon, 3 Mar., '00 ; 5., James & Jane Mott, 67 Clarendon 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Baker's asst. Enl. in R.W.S. Regt., May, '15 ; discharged as 
underage, 2 Sept., '15. Re-enlisted, Sept., '16. Fell, Belgium, 

27 Sept., '17. 

MoTT, Frank, Pte., 1/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 9 Apr., '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. James Mott, 67 Clarendon 

Rd., Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married. 

Milk roundsman. Res., 6i Lancing Rd., Croydon. Enl., 

2 Sept., '14. D. of pneumonia, Mil. Gen. Hosp., Ferozepore, 

India, 4 Nov., '18. 
Mott, James George, Pte., 2 Notts. & Derby. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 7 Apr., '84 ; s., James & Jane Mott, 67 Clarendon 

Rd., Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. 

Railway goods clerk. Enl., Aug., 'ly. Z)., 7 Dec, '17, at 6 Gen. 

Hosp., Rouen, of wounds reed, in France, 2 Dec, '17. 
Mott, P. M., 82315, Act.-Bdr., R.G.A. 

Empl. by Croydon Gas Coy. Res., Croydon. Enl., May, '16 

Fell, 8 Oct., '17. 
Moulder, Harry, Coy. Sgt. Maj., 1/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '81. D., Nowshira, India, 20 Nov., '16. 
MOWLE, J. H., Lab. Coy. 

JRes., W. Norwood. Fell, '17. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 355 

MuGFORD, Jack Herbert, Gnr., R.G.A. (103 Anti-Aircraft Sect.). 

b., Acton Green, Chiswick, 28 Dec, '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 
Mugford, 44 Stanger Rd., S. Norwood. Ediic, Birchanger Rd. 
Sch., S. Norwood. Single. Ledger clerk. Enl., Dec, '16 ; 
serfed in Egypt from May, '17. £>. at Cairo, Egypt, of cerebro- 
spinal meningitis, 3 Jul., '18. (Plate XV., i). 

Mugford, Thomas George, Lt., 1/35 Sikhs (Ind. Army). 

b., Chiswick, 19 Jan. ,'92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Mugford, 44 Stanger Rd., 
S. Norwood. Edtic, Birchanger Rd. Sch., S. Norwood. Clerk. 
Single. Mobilised with 4 R.W.S. Regt., 4 Aug., '14 ; proceeded 
to India, Oct., '14 ; commis.. May, '17. Fell, Somerset Hill, 
Khyber Pass, Afghanistan, 17 May, '19. Buried in Brit. Cem., 
Sandi-Kotal, Khyber, 19 May, '19. 

MuLKERN, Lionel Henry, 2/Lt., ALG.C. 

b., Sutton, 1 Sept., '84. Educ., Sutton G. Sch. Married. 
Empl. on Stock Exchange. Res., " Eversdene," Bishop's Pk. 
Rd., Norbury. Enl., in 9 Lond. Regt., 22 May., '02 ; Sur. Yeom., 
21 Feb., '11 ; M.G.C., 25 Jun., '17 ; Territorial Efficiency 
Med. Fell, France, 26 Sept., '17. (Plate XIX., 6). 

MtiRRELL, F., 6196, Pte., Lond. Regt. 
Fell, '16. 

MuRRELL, Thomas George, Pte., 2/5 Notts. & Derby. Regt. 

b., 2 Albion St., 15 Mar., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. R. Murrell, 65 
Donald Rd., Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Carman. Res., 97 Handcroft Rd., Croydon. Enl. 
in 3 R.W.S. Regt. D., 19 Apr., '18, at 36 C.C.S., France, of 
wounds reed. prev. day. 

MusGROVE, Albert, Cpl., R.A.S.C. (M.T.) 

b., '92. Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married ; 1 
child. Empl. by Mr. Ward, photographer, W. Croydon. Res., 
28 Arundel Rd., Croydon. Enl., Jun., '16. D. of wounds, 
18 Oct., '18. 

Musk, Herbert Ernest, Pte., 23 R. Fus. 

b., Battersea, 14 Mar., '82 ; s., Philip & Martha Sarah Musk, 
"Rothesay," Graham Rd., Mitcham. Educ, Mantua and 
Shillington St. Schs., Battersea. Married ; 4 children. Post- 
man. Res., 80 Tylecroft Rd., Norbury, Enl., 22 Jun., '16. 
Fell, France, 10 Mar., '17. 

MusTO, H. W., 24 R. Fus. 

Cashier, empl. at Farrow's Bank, Croydon. Enl., in 2/5 E. Sur. 
Regt., 29 Feb., '16. Fell, 7 Feb., '17. 

MusTOE, H. G., 121240, Cpl., R.F A. 
Res., W. Norwood. Fell, '17. 

Naish, Cyril Frfderick Robert, Pte., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.). 
Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Fell, Aug., '18. 

Napier, Henry Robert, L/Cpl., R.E. 

b., Hither Green, 9 Jan., '85 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. E. Napier, 11 Helder 
St., Croydon. Educ, Bynes Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married. 
Plate-layer, empl. by S.E. & C.R. Res., 40 Upland Rd., Croydon. 
Enl., 20 Nov., '14 ; served in France, Jan., '15-10 Jun., '18. 
D. at Christchurch Hosp., Hants., of cancer and ulcer in the chest, 
13 Jun., '18. 
Nash, Edward Horace Butterworth, L/Cpl., i Dorset Regt. 

b., Devonshire Rd., Forest Hill, 2 Sept., '95 ; e.s., Horace & 
Olive A. Nash, 26 Eridge Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Winterbourne 
Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Single. Shop asst. Enl., Aug., '14 ; 
trench feet, Jan., '15. Fell, Passchendaele, nr. Ypres, 4 Dec, '17, 



356 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Natusch, R. W., 2/Lt., R.F.A. 

Educ.y Whitgift G. Sch., '10-15. Fed, '17. 

Neal, C, 26943, Act.-Sgt., Northd. Fus. 
Res., S. Croydon. D., '17. 

Neal, Reuben, 6901, L/Sgt., 2 R.W.S. 'Reg'-. 

b., 38 Love Lane, S. Norwood, 10 Sept., '95 ; s., William & 
Harriet Neal, 32 Love Lane, S. Norwood. Educ, Woodside 
Sch., S. Norwood. Single. Engineer (fitter). Enl., 28 Aug., '14 ; 
served in France, 7 Nov., '14-14 Mar., '17. Fell, France, 14 
Mar., '17. 

Nealon, John Henry, Pte., 4 R. Fus. 

b., Dalston, 26 Jul., '98 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Nealon, 63 Gonville Rd., 
T. Heath. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Single. Shipping clerk, 
Lloyd's Exchange. Enl., i Sept., '16. D., 5 May, '18, at 22 
C.C.S., Bethune, of wounds reed., 3 May, '18. (Plate XXH., 2). 

Neate, Charles Victor, Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., Anerley, 3 Sept., '91 ; 5., William Henry & Sarah Weaver 
Neate. 54 Station Rd., Anerley. Educ, Oakfield Rd. Sch., 
Anerley. Married. Wood engraver. Enl., 5 Oct., '15 ; 
invalided home with frost-bitten feet, Jan., '17 ; ret. to France, 
Jun., '17. Fell, nr. Rheims, 27 May, '18. 

Neill, Donald, 1642, Act.-Sgt., Black Watch. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Albert A. Neill, 27 Richmond Rd., T. Heath. 
W., nr. Zonnebeke, 29 Oct., '14 Fell, nr. Kut-el-Amara, 
Mesopotamia, 22 Apr., '16. 

Neill, Edward Charles, 425, Cpl., Black Watch. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Albert A. Neill, 27 Richmond Rd., T. Heath. 
Fell, nr. Soissons, 15 Sept., '14. 

Nelki, a. M., Rflmn., L.R.B. 

b., '96 ; s., Insp. Nelki, of S. Norwood Spec. Constab. Res., 
S. Norwood. Enl., about Dec, '14. Fell, France, 18 May, '17, 

Nelson, J., 4306, Pte., Lond. Regt. 
Res., S. Norwood, Fell, '16. 

Nevard, a. H., Pte.. Lond. Regt. 

Empl. by L.B. & S.C.R. Res., 45a Mersham Rd., T. Heath. 
D. of wounds, 25 Sept., '16. 

New, a. W., Essex Regt. 

b., '95 Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Held a commis. in Territorials 
before war ; acted as transport offr. with his btn. at Gallipoli, 
from Jul., 'is-Dec, '15. Accidentally hilled, Ypres, 14 May, '18. 

New, Hedley Bruce, Lt., Essex Regt. (attd. R.F.C.) 

b., '93. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., and Crystal Pal. Sch. of 
Engineering. Civil engineer and surveyor. Joined, Aug., ' 14 ; 
served at Gallipoli ; transf. to R.F.C, *i6. Fell, France, 31 
Nov., '17. 

New, Stanley Charles, L/Cpl., Can. Forces. 

b., '90 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. C. New, S. Croydon. Empl. by Messrs. 
Quelch & Sons, boot and shoe manuf., Croydon. D., 1 Nov., '16, 
of wounds reed., 13 Sept., '16. 

Newbury, Harold, 30285, Cpl., 4 Gren. Gds. 

6., Devonport, 4 Aug., '98 ; s., Walter J. S. & Mary Jane Newbury, 
24 Carew Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Plymouth Sec. Sch., & Skerry's 
Coll., Croydon. Single. Civil Serv. clerk (Board of Trade). 
Enl. in R. Horse Gds., May, '16. Fell, nr. Hazebrouck, 13 
Apr., '18. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 357 

Newcombe, Harold Victor, Pte., 7 E. Kent Regt. 

b., 71 Coningham Rd., Shepherd's Bush, 27 Mar., '97 ; s., Mr. 

& Mrs. Newcombe, 21 Bclgrave Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, 

Birchanger Rd. Sch., S. Norwood, and Whitgift Sch. Single. 

Ledger clerk. i?ej., 53 Enmore Rd., S. Norwood. £■«/., 5 Sept., 

'14 ; went to France, 25 Jul., '15. Fell, between Montauban 

and Carnoy Craters, Somme, i Jul., '16. (Plate XXII., i). 
Newell, S. J., Gnr., R.F.A. 

b.,'gi. i?e5., 25 WatcombeRd., S.Norwood. Fell, ig Apr. ,'17. 
Newlyn, Leslie, L/Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Newlvn, Home Farm Dairy, Chelsham 

Rd., S. Croydon. Fell, 11 May, '17. 
Newnham, E., L/Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

Res.,W. Croydon. Fell, '17. 
NiCHOLAss, Henry John, Driver, R.F.A. 

b., 294 Parchmore Rd., T. Heath, 2 Apr., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 

H. J. Nicholass, 296 Parchmore Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Beulah 

Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Single. Clerk. Enl., i Apr., '16. 

Fell, France, 3 Aug., '17. (Plate XXIII., 5). 
NiCHOLLS, Frederick Albert, Gnr., R.G.A. 

Married; 6 children. Greengrocer. i?es., 115 Parchmore Rd., 

T. Heath. Enl., Mar., '17 ; iv., France, Aug., '17 ; in hosp. 

at Leicester for 10 mths. ; discharged, 10 Jul., '18. D. of wounds 

and pneumonia, at Croydon Hosp., 10 Sept., '18. 
Nichols, Alexander, 2 R.W.S. Regt. 

s., L. & A. Nichols, 7 Broadv»'ay Av., Croydon. Fell, Festubert, 

16 May, '15. 
Nichols, Dudley Matthew, Lt., R.A.F. 

b-, '99 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Nichols, of Addis. Educ, 

Bedford House Sch., Addis. Single. Empl. by Mr. E. E. 

Clark, solicitor, Eastcheap ; wrote much poetry, etc., published 

by Messrs. G. Newnes, and Messrs. Raphael Tuck. Killed 

at a flying sch. in England, Sept., '18. 
Nichols, H., Gnr., R.G.A. 
Nicholson, Bernard George Maurice, Lt., Northd. Fus. 

y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Nicholson, Norwood. D. in hosp., at Lincoln, '18. 
Nickless, F., Pte., R.Fus. 

Single. Empl. by Croydon Corp., Roads Dept. Res., 87 

Albany Rd., Reading. £■«/., 15 Oct., '14 ; to. & missing, France, 

8 Oct., '16. 
Nightingale, Bert George, Pte., Yorks. Regt. 

b., Sutton, 26 Oct., '81 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. George Nightingale, 

65 Warwick Rd., Sutton. Educ, Sutton Counc. Sch. Married. 

Warehouseman. Res., 16 Kynaston Rd., T. Heath. Enl., 20 

Jul., '16. Fell, France, 6 May, '18. 
Nightingale Sidney, Pte., Q.W. Rif. (16 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Tunbridge Wells, 26 Feb., '91 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Nightingale, 

5 The Exchange, Purley. Educ, Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. 

Single. Partner in his father's business. Enl., 26 Feb., '16. 

Fell, Ashecourt, France, 8 Apr., '17. 
Nightingale, Stu.art D., L/Cpl., 2/4. R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '99 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Nightingale, 66 Torridge Rd., T. Heath. 

Educ, Winterbourne Rd. Sch., T. Heath, where he was several 

yrs. memb. of winning team in inter-sch. relay race at Crystal Pal. 

Single. Junr. asst., Croydon Public Libraries. Enl., Jan. 5 '15 ; 

served at Suvla Bay ; invalided home with dysentery ; sent to 

Egypt, '16 ; participated in capture of Beersheba, Hebron, 

Bethlehem and Jerusalem ; proceeded to France, Jul., '18. 

Fell, France, i Aug., '18. 



358 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

NiGHY, Joshua, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Nighy, 96 Old Town, Croydon. Fell, i Jul., '16. 

NiMMO, Stuart Henry, Capt., 8 R.S. Fus. 

b., Dunoon, Argyllshire, 18 Aug., '97 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Charles 
Stuart Nimmo, 33 The Crescent, Croydon. Educ, Hillhead 
High Sch., Glasgow, where he was a cadet. Single. Ship- 
broker's clerk. Res., Glasgow. Joined as 2/Lt., Sept., '15. 
Fell, Doiran Front, Salonica, 19 Sept., '18. 

NoAKES, Stuart Bertram, Capt. 

b., '75 ; ^th s., Mr. & Mrs. Wickham Noakes, Selsdon Pk., Croydon. 
Lost with the transport " Aragon," torpedoed in the Mediterranean, 
nr. Alexandria, 30 Dec, '17. 

Noakes, William James. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Noakes, 195 Bensham Lane, T. Heath. 
Fell, 7 Oct., '17. 

Noble, J. S., 2/Lt., R. Berks. Regt. 

b., '99. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., Croydon. D. of wounds^ 
30 Mar., '18. 

Nolan, Charles Dougl.'\s, 841951, Rflmn., Lond. Irish Rif. (18 Lond. 
Regt.). 

b., Godalming, 27 Nov., '95 ; y.s., Michael James & Emily Nolan, 
84 Harrington Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Portland Rd. Sch.> 
S. Norwood. Single. Grocer's asst. Enl., 27 Oct, '15. 
Fell nr. Albert, 24 Aug., '18. 

Norman, A. G., Pte., Ox & Bucks. L.I 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Norman, 12 Mitcham Rd., Croydon. Res., 
Crovdon. Was in the Res. when war broke out ; w., Oct., '14. 
Fell, Jul., '16. 

Norman, Arthur James, Sgt., 14 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, '89. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married. 
Empl. as tram conductor by S. Met. T.'-amways Res., 2 Park 
Cottages, Morden. £■«/., 4 Aug., '14. FeZ/, France, 12 Apr., '18. 

Noyce, F. C, Pte. 

b., 21 Dec, '96 ; 3^^ s., Mr. & Mrs. A. J. Noyce, loi Parson's 
Mead, Croydon. Enl., 21 Dec, '14. D., 16 Oct., '16, of 
wounds inflicted by bomb dropped from enemy aircraft, 2 days 
prev. 

Nltmn, B. a., Sgt., Welsh Regt. 

Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '17. 

Nye, A. H., RW.S.Regt. 
Fell, '16. 

Nye, R. T., Pte., R. Fus. 

b., '00 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. James T. Nye, Victory Hotel, Croydon. 
Educ, Shirley Ch. Sch. Empl. by Messrs. Cashman, and by 
Mr. Baldwin, butchers. Enl., in Middlesex Regt., 9 Feb., '18. 
D. of wounds reed, in France, 24 Aug., '18. 

Nyren, D. R., 2/Lt., R. Fus. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Fell, '18. 

Cakes, F. W., Sgt., R.E. (Signal Serv.) 

b., '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Oakes, 136 Holmesdale Rd., S. Norwood, 
Empl. as sorting clerk and telegraphist, Croydon Post Office, 
Dec, '10-15. Enl., Apr., '15. D., 25 Jul., '17, at Egginton Hall 
Hosp., Derby, of gas poisoning contracted at Ypres. Buried, 
Queen's Rd. Cemetery, Croydon. 

Oborne, George Edward, Pte., i Middlesex Regt. 

b., 97 Honeywell Rd., Wandsworth ; 2nd s., Mr. & Mrs. J. W. 
Oborne, 4 Charnwood Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Whitehorse 
Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Single. Apprentice to compositor. 
Enl., 6 Mar., '15. Fell, 16 Apr., '16. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 359 

O'Connor, W. P., 3021 15, Cpl., Lond. Regt 
Res.,T. Heath. Fell, '17. 

O'DoNNELL, J., 2929s, L/Cpl., M.G.C. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Oldfield, Bern.\rd Stewart, Pte., 1/5 Manchr. Regt. 

b., '88 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Oldfield, 59 Hunter Rd., T. Heath. 
D. of wounds reed, in France, 21 Oct., '18. 

Oldham, Cyril, Pte., L.R.B. (1/5 Lond. Regt.). 
Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Fell, 9 Oct., '16. 

Olivier, Jasper George, 2/Lt., 7 D.C.L.I. 

b., 26 Apr., '96 ; e.s., Henry Eden Olivier (Vicar, St. James' Ch.) 
& Gertrude Olivier. Educ, St. Anselm's Sch., Croydon, Rossall, 
and Worcester Coll., Oxford (History Exhibitioner). Gazetted 
to 9 E. Lanes, about Dec, '14 ; transf. to D.C.L.L Fell nr. 
Lesboeufs, France, 16 Sept., '16. 

Olivier, Robert Harold, Capt. & Adjt., 4 Leicester Regt. 

h., '79. Gazetted to D.C.L.L, Nov., '99 ; Lt., 'or ; Capt., '09 ; 
Adjt , 4 Leicester Regt., '09 ; served in S. African War as Station 
Staff Offr. at Paardeburg, Poplar Grove and Dreinfontein (Queen's 
Med., 4 clasps, and King's Med., 2 clasps) ; Nandi, '05-06. Fell, 
Belgium, 17 Sept., '14. 

Olley, C. W., Pte., R. Berks. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 3 Jun., '00 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. E. T. Olley, 2B John 
St., Coventry Rd., S.Norwood. £■«/. in R.E. Missing, 5 Apr., '18. 

Ord, James William, Pte., 16 Middlesex Regt. 

b., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Wm. O. Ord, 13 Lebanon Rd., Croydon. 
Educ, Boro. See. Sch., Croydon. Single. Junr. asst., Boro. 
Engineer's Dept., Croydon Corp. (empl. at Russell Hill Water- 
works). Enl., Aug., '!■;; served in France, Apr.-Jul., '16. 
Fell, Beaumont Hamel, i Jul., '16. (Plate XXXVL, 3). 

Organ, Albert Oswald, Pte., i R.W.S. Regt. 

b.. New Rd., Battersea, 12 Jun., '83 ; s., Oswald & Elizabeth 
Organ, 53 Russell Rd., Croydon Educ, Sleaford St. Sch., 
Battersea Park. Married. Carman. i?^5., Zion Rd., T. Heath. 
Enl., Oct., '14. D. of wounds reed, at Loos, 25 Sept., '15. 

Osborne, C., 23009, Pte., Essex Regt. 
Res., W. Croydon. D., '17. 

Osborne, Frederick Charles, 7220, Pte., Lond. Scottish (14 Lond. Regt.) 
b., Cherrv Orchard Rd., Croydon, 10 Jan., '96 ; s., late Mr., & 
Mrs. Mark Osborne, 88 Cross Rd., Croydon. Educ, Oval Rd. 
Sch., Croydon. Single. Engraver. Res., 88 Cross Rd., 
Croydon. Enl., 15 Mar., '16. Fell, Arras, 28 Mar., '17. 

Oseman, Charles Emblem. 

Married. Labourer, empl. by Croydon Corp., Rds. Dept. 
Res., 20 Addison Rd., S. Norwood. D. of wounds reed., 25 
Sept., '14. 

OuTTRiM, Charles E., Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

y.s., Mr. & Mrs. W. Outtrim, " Guildford Villa," 174 Selsdon 
Rd., Croydon. Enl., 30 Oct., '15. D. at Stat. Hosp., Rawal 
Pindi, India, of malaria, 17 Jun., '17. 

OvETT, H. T., 60871, Pte., R. Fus. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Padbury, Henry Raymond, L/Cpl., R. Innis. Fus. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Padbury, 29 Tanfield Rd., Croydon. Enl. about '06 ; 
served in Ireland, Malta, Crete, China and India ; w., '14. Fell, 
Richebourg, i6 May, '15. 

Page, G. W., Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 
Fell, '16. 



360 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Page, L. R., Sgt., E. Kent Regt. 

b., '95. D., 14 Aug., '17, of wounds reed. 9 Aug., '17. 

Page, R. W., Rflmn., R. Irish Rif. 

b., '79. Married ; i son. Empl. as representative of Messrs. 
Hall & Co., coal merchants, Whitehorse Rd., Croydon. Res., 
88 Rymer Rd., Addis. Enl. in R.A S.C., Oct., '16. Fell, 
7 Aug., '17. 

Page, W., Pte., 3/5 E. Sur. Regt. 

Empl. by Croydon Corp., Rds. Dept. Fell, '18. 

Paice, Stanley Cecil, 2/Lt., R.A.F. 

b., 47 Croydon Grove, Croydon, 7 Apr., '88 ; s., George & Eunice 
Mary Paice, 7 Third Av., Queen's Pk.,W.(late of 4 Warrington Rd., 
Croydon). Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon, & M. Whitgifi Sch. 
Single. Motor mechanic. Res., La Vegas, New Mexico, U.S. 
Enl. in Can. R.H.A., 11 Nov., '15, rising to rank of cpl., act.-sgt. 
Killed in accident while flying at Upavon, Wilts., 4 Jun., '18. 

Paige, Alfred Henry, Pte., 1/20 Lond. Regt. 

b., 8 Junction Cottages, Croydon, 20 Sept., '96 ; s., Alfred 
Edward & Elizabeth Paige, 12 Russell Rd., Croydon. Educ, 
Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Porter. Enl., in 
R. Fus., 3 Mar., '16. Fell, High Wood, Somme, 15 Sept., '16. 

Paine, Harry, 2/Lt., Sher. For. (Notts. & Derby. Regt.) 

b., '97 ; ^th s., Mr. & Mrs. J. H. Paine, 83 London Rd., Croydon. 
Enl, '14. Fell, 29 Sept., '18. 

Paine, James Horace, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

b., '98 ; 2,rds., Mr. & Mrs. George Cuthbert Paine, "Beechwood," 
Parkstone (late of Norwood). Fell, 30 Dec, '17. 

Paine, Walter Lionel, Capt. & Adjt., 10 K.O.R.L. Regt. 

b., '81 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Paine, " Cotswold," Farquhar Rd., 
U. Norwood. Educ, Oundle G. Sch., & Sydney Sussex Sch. 
Single. M.A., Camb. ; house master at Oundle G. Sch.; asst. 
master, Whitgift Sch. ; secretary, " Reform of Latin Teaching 
Association." Enl. as pte. in Gren. Gds., Aug., '14. Fell, Galli- 
poli, 4 Jun., '15. 

Palmer, Alexander Thomas Herbert, Pte., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Chelsea, i Jul., '97 : s., Thomas & Helena Charlotte Palmer, 
36 Windmill Grove, Croydon, Educ, Oval Rd., & Brit. Schs., 
Croydon. Single. Reporter, " Croydon Times." Enl., 
18 Jun., '15. D., 10 Apr., '17, of wounds reed. nr. Arras, 4 
Apr., '17. Buried, Duisans Brit. Cem., nr. Arras. 

Palmer, W. C, Rflmn., K.R.R.C. 

Married ; i child. Clerk, Croydon Gas Coy., Apr., '99-16. Res., 
36 Raymead Av., T. Heath. Enl., Jun., '16 ; served in France 
and Italy. D. of wounds, 30 Mar., '18. 

Palmer, Walter Montague, Pte., 3 R. Fus. 

b., Bromley-by-Bow, 11 Feb., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. H. Palmer, 
108 Holmesdaie Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Ecclesbourne Rd. Sch., 
T. Heath. Single. Butcher's asst. Res., 295 Whitehorse Rd., 
Croydon. Enl., 18 Jan., '14. Fell, Loos, 27 Sept., '15. 

Falser, Ernest Manicorn, L/Cpl. 
Fell, I Jul., '16. 

Panting, Arnold Clement, 2/Lt., 9 R.W.S .Regt. (attd. R. Munster Fus.) 
b., Brixton, 30 Apr., '90 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. J. Harwood Panting, 
" The Shack," Melrose Av., Norbury. Educ, Alleyn's Coll., 
Dulwich. Single. Journalist on editorial staff of Amalgamated 
Press. Enl. in an O.T.C., 19 Oct., '14 ; served in Egypt and 
Balkans. Killed while on reconnaissance work with R.F.C., 
Stavros, Salonica, 13 Jan., '17. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 361 

Paradin, W., 17810, Pte., Essex Regt. 

Fell, '16. 
Parham, F. L., Sapper, RE. 

Married. Res., 86 Grant Rd., Croydon. D. of pneumonia, 

Mesopotamia, 12 Oct., '18. 
Parish, S., Cpl., 4 R.W.S. Regt. 

Empl. by Croydon Corp., Electricity Dept. Fell, '16. 
Parker, Cpl., R. Irish Rif. 

b. about '98 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Parker, Forest Hill. Empl. as 

cinema operator, Electric Pal., Croydon. Res., Cassland Rd., 

T. Heath. Accidentally killed by premature explosion of a 

bomb at Co. Down Training Camp, Ireland, Dec, '17. 
Parker, Edward, Pte., M.G.C. 

b., '96 ; 2}id s., Mr. & Mrs. Parker, late of 46 Cobden Rd., 

S. Norwood. Educ, Birchanger Rd. Sch., S. Norwood. Enl., 

Apr., '17 ; transf. to Wilts. Regt., Oct., '17, and to M.G.C, 

Feb., '18. 
Parker, G. A., Pte. 

b., Croydon, '86. Educ, Boston Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married ; 

2 children. Empl. by L.B. & S.C.R. i?ei-., 2 Cecil Rd., Croydon. 

Enl., Mar., '17. Fell, Passchendaele, 10 Oct., '17. 
Parker, G. S., 14216, Sapper, R.E. 

Res., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 
Parker, George, Pte., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

Empl. by Messrs. Streeter Bros., and Messrs. Smith Wilkinson & 

Sons. Res., 38 Mitcham Rd., Croydon. Enl'., Aug., '14. 

Fell, France, 14 Mar., '16. 
Parker, James George, Pte., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 30 May. '87. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. 

Married. Paperhanger. Res., 9 Talbot Rd., T. Heath. Enl., 

27 Aug., '14. Fell, Armentieres, 23 Sept., '15. 
Parker, Robert, Pte. 

6., '91. E'rfMc., Boston Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married; i daughter. 

Empl. by L.B. & S.C.R. Enl., Mar., '17 ; tv., Cambrai, Nov., '17. 

Fell, France, 23 Aug., '18. 
Parker, W. H., Capt., Lond. Regt. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Parr, Edwin, L/Cpl., R.W. Kent Regt. 

h., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Parr, 56 Tanfield Rd., Croydon. Married; 

2 children. Empl. by Mr. Cooper, hairdresser. Res., 

66 Southbridge Rd,, Croydon. Enl., Apr., '16. Fell, Somme, 

7 Oct., '16. 
P.-umoTT, J. T., 111882, Gnr., R.G.A. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Parsons, E. D. 

Formerly Res. Med. OfFr. at Croydon Boro. Hosp. Res., at 

Wimbledon. D. of typhoid, contracted in France. (Plate I., 4). 
Parsons, Albert Victor, 14667, Sgt., i Beds. Regt. 

b., '86 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Parsons, i Leighton St. E., Croydon. 

Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Enl., '15 ; w., twice. 

Fell, nr. Arras, 23 Apr., '17. 
Parsons, E. H., Sgt., Can. E.F. 

b., '87. Res., Vancouver, late of Croydon. Fell, France, 

29 Sept., 'i5. 
Parsons, Harold Cope, Cpl., Q.V. Rif. (9 Lond. Regt.) 

b., T. Heath, 3 Dec, '88 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. George Keble Parsons, 

S3 The Beeches, Carshalton. £"(/«£., M. Whitgift Sch. Married. 

Clerk. Res., " The Glen," Heathview Rd., T. Heath. Enl., 

10 Nov., '14. Fell, nr. Albert, 24 Jun., '18 ; buried, Bavelin- 

court Cem., nr. Corbie-sur- Somme. (Plate XXII., 3). 



362 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Parsons, J. E., 11552, Rflmn., R,B. 
Res.,W. Croydon. Fell, '16. 

Pascall, Thomas Osborne, Pte., R. Fus. 

b., 21 Feb., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Thomas George Pascall, Boro. 
Green, Kent, formerly of Woodside Green, S. Norwood. Educ.^ 
Whitgift G. Sch., Croydon. Fell, France, 2 Jan., 'i6. 

Patching, Henry John, Rflmn., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Brighton, 5 Apr., '95. Ednc, St. Saviour's Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Clerk. i?e5., 16 Arundel Rd., Croydon. £■«/., 15 Feb. » 
'15. D. of cerebro-spinal meningitis, at 7 Gen. Hosp., St. Omer, 
II Feb., '17. 

Pateman, Henry Lewis, 2/Lt., R.F.C. 

b., 26 Jan., '97 ; s., Mr. Lewis, Res. Eng., Croydon Gas Coy., 
Waddon Marsh Lane, Croydon. Ediic, Boro. Sec. Sch., 
Croydon. Enl., Jun., '15, as 2nd a.m. ; 2nd cl. pilot's certif., 
I May, '16 ; ist cl., 23 May, '16 ; sgt., Jul., '16 ; commis., Nov., 
'16 ; Croix de Guerre (French). Fell, '17. 

Patience, F. C, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '93. Educ, Princess Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married ; i child. 
Stoker, Croydon Cement Works. Res., 47 Leighton St., 
Croydon. Enl., Jun., '16 ; taken pris., 18 Nov., '16, D. while 
pris. of war, Dec, '16. 

Paul, W., Capt. & Adjt., W. Yorks. Regt. 

b., '75 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. W. Paul, 39 South End, Croydon. 
Res. in India before war. M.C. D. of wounds, i Dec, '17, 

Pauiley, George Henry, Sgt., R.G.A. 

b., 53 Brigstock Rd., T. Heath, 22 Oct., '90 ; s., William & Ellen 
Paullev, 53 Brigstock Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Ecclesbourne Rd. 
Sch., T. Heath. Single. Police constable. Enl. in R.F.A., 
150 Bty., Feb., '06 ; on reserve, Feb., '12-Aug., '14, during which 
time he served with Met. Police Force, attd. " C " Div., Vine St, 
Rejoined, 5 Aug., '14 ; served from Aug., '14-Mar., '17. D. of 
cerebro-spinal meningitis, St. Pol, 18 Mar., '17. 

Payne, Christopher Charles, Pte.,^2 R. Suss. Regt. 

b.. Worth, Sussex, i May, '98 ; s., George & Fanny Payne, 41 
Strathmore Rd., Croydon. Educ, Tavistock Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Railway employee. Enl., 16 Feb., '17. Fell, nr, 
St. Quentin, 18 Sept., 'i8." (Plate XXL, i). 

Payne, Harold George, Pte., D.L.L 

b., Croydon, 20 Jan., '87 ; s., Arthur & Emma Payne, 20 Mayo Rd., 
Croydon. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Married. 
Gasfitter. Enl, 28 May, '16. Fell, France, 29 Mar., '18. 

Payne, William Henry, L/Cpl , i R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 8 Leslie Grove, Croydon, 10 Jun., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Payne. 
8 Leslie Grove, Croydon. Educ, Oval Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Signal box lad. Fc//, Mons, 31 Oct., '14. 

Paynter, G., Cpl., II E. Sur. Regt. 

Empl. by Croydon Corp., Roads Dept. Res., 41 Selhurst Rd., 
S. Norwood. Enl., about Dec, '16. Fell, France, 9 Sept., '17. 

Peacock, Thomas Gordon, Capt. & Adjt., 8 R. Berks. Regt. 

b., '93 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Thomas Peacock, late of Hadleigh 
Mount, Croydon. Fell, '15. 

Peacock, Walter James, Pte., Middlesex Regt. 

b., Brixton, 3 Oct., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Walter Hugh Peacock, 
430 Lr. Addis. Rd., Croydon. Single Clerk. Enl., as 2nd a.m., 
in R.F.C, Aug., '15. Fell, Flanders, 21 Mar., 18 ; buried. Nine 
Elms Cem., Poperinghe. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 363 

Pearce, a. a., Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '95. Single. Empl. as fitter's mate by Croydon Gas Coy., 
from 16 May, '12. £";;/., May, '15. Fell, 21 Sept., '18. 

Pearce, George, Rflmn., i R.B. 

Married : 6 children. Res., 144 Gloucester Rd., Croydon. 
Enl., 'q9 ; served in S.A. War ; recalled to colours, 4 Aug., '14 ; 
to. & buried by shell nr. Armentieres, Oct., '14, and as a result lost 
his eyesight ; inmate of St. Dunstan's Hosp. and Convalescent 
Home at Torquay. D., Nov., '17. Buried, Queen's Rd. Cem., 
Croydon. 

Pearce, Leslie Challingsworth, Sgt., 12 Lond. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 18 Aug., '82 ; 5//j s., late George & Annie Pearce, 
" Florence House," Whitehorse Rd., Croydon. Single. Com- 
mercial traveller. Res., " Florence House," Whitehorse Rd., 
Croydon. Enl., 6 Feb., '15. D., 10 Aug., '18, at 41 C.C.S., 
France, of wounds reed., at Morlancourt, 9 Aug., '18. 

Pearce, Reginald Challingsworth, Cpl., 12 Lond. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 31 Jul., '84 ; 6th s., late George & Annie Pearce, 
" Florence House," Whitehorse Rd., Croydon. Single. Private 
secretary. Res., " Florence House," Whitehorse Rd., Croydon. 
Enl., 6 Feb., '15. Fell, Villers-Bretonneaux, 13 Apr., 'i8, 

Pearless, R. F., Middlesex Regt 
Res., T. Heath. Fell, '16. 

Pearman, H., R.W.S. Regt. 
Fell, '16. 

Pearse, Cyril Norman, Pte., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Anerley, 3 Sept., '88 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. L. F. Pearse, 8 Eldon Pk., 
S. Norwood. Educ, High Sch., S. Norwood. Single. 
Accountant's clerk. Enl., Aug., '14. Fell, Ploegsteert, nr. 
Ypres, 27 Nov., '14. 

Pearse, Phyllls Ada, A/Sister, Q.A.LM.N.S. 

b., Anerley, 22 Dec. '86 ; daughter of Mr. & Mrs. L. F. Pearse, 
8 Eldon Pk., S. Norwood. Educ, Sydenham High Sch. Single. 
Nurse ; first entered nursing service at The Yarrow Home, 
Broadstairs ; St. Bartholomew's Hosp., Lond., for 3 years ; then 
in Q.A.LM.N.S., Tidv.orth Hosp. ; served at 10 Gen. Hosp., 
Rouen. D. of acute neurasthenia at 2 Gen. Hosp., Le Havre, 
29 Apr., '15. 

Pearson, Claude Stanley. 

6., '88 ; v.^., Mr. & Mrs. E.T. Pearson, 70 Church St., Crovdon. 
Married Gladys (w/e) Woodhouse, of T. Heath. A.LM.E., 
M.LM.M. D. of heart failure, Nigeria, W. Africa, 15 Nov., '18. 

Pearson, Ralph Vernon, 242109, Pte., Lincoln Regt. 

b., Croydon, 11 Nov., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Charles Pearson, 
47 Lansdovvne Rd., Croydon. Educ, Oval Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Estate agent's clerk. £"«/., 4 Sept., '16. Fc//, France, 
26 Sept., '17. (Plate XXV., 6). 

Peat, John, 201 171, Pte., 8 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 3 Ellis David PI., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. E. Peat, 8 Mitcham 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Cabinet maker's apprentice. Enl., 29 Aug., '15. Missing, 
presumed killed, 1 Aug., '17. 

Pegg, Halt am William, 2/Lt., 8 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., T. Heath, 8 Dec, '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. H. Carter Pegg, Alnwick 
House, T. Heath. Ffifwc, Whitgift G. Sch., to Dec, '14. Single. 
Commis., 21 Dec, '14. D. on amb. train, 4 Jul., '16, of wounds 
reed, at Montauban, Somme, i Jul., '16. Buried. Abbeville. 



364 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Peirce, Edward, 9903, Sgt., Ox. & Bucks. L.I. 

b., Brixton ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Peirce, 11 Alexandra Rd., Addis 
Educ, Keston, Kent. Single. Gardener. Res., Wallingford. 
Enl., 25 Aug., '14. D. of diabetes, Camiers, France, 25 Apr., '17. 

Pelling, Lennard, L/Cpl., Tank C. 

b., '85 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Pelling, 118 Handcroft Rd., Croydon. 
Empl. by Messrs. Beringer & Strohmenger, North End, Croydon. 
Res.^ " Sussex Villas," Croydon Grove, Croydon. Enl., '16. 
Fell, 17 Apr., '18. 

Pelling, W. S., Sgt., Can. E.F. 

y.s., Mr. & Mrs. A. Pelling, 7 Seneca Rd., T. Heath. Went to 
Canada, '12. Served in Can. Militia. Enl., Oct., '14. Fell, 
6 Jun., '16. 

Pendrigh, Alexander Conrad Cuthbertson, 2/Lt., 6 (attd. 2) DevonRgt. 
b., Greenwich, 5 Nov., '97 ; s., David Croll & Vally Pendrigh, 
1 Fell Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., where he was 
Coy.Sgt.Maj. in O.T.C. ; winner of several shooting contests ; 
good at all branches of athletics, etc., and capt. of his House. 
Enl. in Inns of Court O.T.C, i Nov., '15 ; gazetted to Devon 
Regt., Aug., '16 ; went to France, 3 Jan., '17. D., 17 Aug., '17, 
at 8 Gen. Hosp., Rouen, of wounds reed, at Ypres, 31 Jul., '17. 
(Plate XXI., 2). 

Pendry, George Frederic, ist Class Stoker, R.N. 

b., 82 Wilford Rd., Croydon, 4 Mar., '93 ; s., I. J. & R. Pendry, 
113 Windmill Rd., Croydon. Educ, Princess Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Empl. at Fremlin's Brewery, Croydon. Res., 17 Tait 
Rd., Croydon. Joined, 14 Mar., '11. Lost with H.M.S. 
" Amphion," 6 Aug., '14. 

Penman, Arnold, Coy.Q.M.Sgt., 116 Can. Regt. 

b., Ashton-under-Lyne, 2 Jun., '79 ; s., Rev. & Mrs. George 
Penman, 29 Leander Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Kent Coll., Canter- 
bury. Married. Draper. Res., Orillia, Ontario, Canada. 
Enl., Mar., '16. Fell, France, 31 Dec, '17. 

Penman, Geoffrey Ev.'vn.s, Lt., M.G.C. 

b., '98 ; .?., Mr. Edgar Penman (Secty. Brit. Home for Incurables, 
Streatham) & Mrs. Penman. Educ, Epsom Coll., & member of 
coll. O.T.C. Commis, in R.W.S. Regt., '14 ; went to France, 
Mav '16 ; transf. to M.G.C, Sept., '16. Fell, France, 9 May, '17. 

Penny, J. H., 64208, Cpl., R.H.A. 

b., '90 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Penny, 10 Donald Rd., Croydon. Educ, 
Brit. Sch., Croydon. Enl., about 'o"]. Fe//, France, 24 Apr., '17. 

Pentelow, G. N. E., Coy.Sgt.Maj., 6 Staff. Regt. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., Croydon. D., 7 Oct., '17, of wounds 
inflicted by aeroplane bomb, about 30 Sept., '17. 

Perkins, Albert, L/Cpl., Worcester Regt. 

b., '86 ; 7/// .v., Mr. & Mrs. Perkins, 18 Chelsham Rd., Croydon. 
Educ, Bynes Rd. Sch., Croydon. Enl., '15. Fell, France, 
between 11 & 17 Apr., '18. 

Perkins, James Philip, L/Cpl., R. Suss. Regt. 

b., '97. Empl. by " Croydon Times." Res., 95 Stanley Rd., 
Croydon. Enl., 1 Sept., '16 ; went to France, Jan., '17 ; 
M.M., Cambrai, '17. Fell, Oct., '18. 

Perkins, William Ewart. 

Married. Fell, .Suvla Bay, 9 Aug., '15. 

Perrin, T. F., Capt., R.E. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Thomas Perrin, Morden Coll., Blackheath, 
formerly Cheltonville, Addis., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. 
D., 24 Jul., '17. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 365 

Perry, Arthur, Drummer, R.W.S. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Perr>% Oval Rd., Croydon. Empl. by " Croydon 
Advertiser." Etil., Aug., '14. Fell, 24 Aug., '16. 

Perry, Charles Stanley, 10103, Pte., 2 Scottish Rif. 

b., Ryde, Isle of Wight ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Pern,^ 25 Woodland Rd., 
T. Heath. Ediic, Lenham, Kent, & Lond. Single. Hair- 
dresser. Res., Norbury. Fell, Champagne, France, 24 Nov., '14. 

Perry, Kenneth George, 2/Lt., R. Suss. Regt. 

b., 2.1 Oct., '83 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Charles Archibald Pern.% Chipstead 
arid " Hazelglen," Horley. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch.,^ '95-99- 
Married. Railway surveyor. D. of v.ounds, i Nov., '16. 

Perry, T. W., Pte., E. Kent Regt. 

Res., 12 Crunden Rd., Croydon. W. & missm:^, 21 Mar., '18. 

Perry, William Arthur, L/Cpl., 4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Wellington, Salop, 18 Dec, '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. H. Pcrn.% 
81 The Drive, T. Heath. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Oilman's asst. Res., 2 Euston Rd., Croydon. Enl., 
19 Nov., '14. Reported missing, presumed fallen, 3 Aug., -. 

Perryman, a., 2424, Pte., Middlesex Regt. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Pestell, Clifford Leslie, Engineer Sub-Lt., R.N. 

b., 17 Jul., '88 ; s., Mr.& Mrs. Henry Pestell. Educ, Lancaster 
Coll., Heme Hill, & Beccles, Suffolk. Engineer ; served as 
apprentice with Messrs. Ruston, Proctor & Co., Lincoln ; later 
held appointments with L.S.W.Rv., Grand Trunk Ry. of Can., 
and Can. Pacific Ry. Ettl. in R.A.S.C. (M.T.), Jan., '15 ; served 
in France, Sept., '15-17 ; obtained appointment under Admiralty, 
25 Jun., '16. Lost in the North Sea, 20 Jun., '17. 

Pestridge, Frederick, Pte., 7 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '86 ; 2rd s., Mr. & Mrs. G. T. Pestridge, 34 TrafFord Rd.. 
T. Heath. Enl., 21 Oct., '15 ; served in France 2 years 8 months. 
Fell, Morlancourt, 8 Aug., '18. 

Peters, Richard, 22601, Pte., 8 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Tamworth Rd., Croydon, 22 Feb., '82. Educ, Brit. Sch., 
Croydon. Married ; i child. Decorator., empl. by Mr. C. 
Lewin, builder, then of Bensham Lane, Croydon. Res., 87 
Parson's Mead, Croydon. Enl., 19 Jun., '16. Fell, France, 
22 Sept., '18. Buried, Villers Faucon. 

Peters, Walter Stanley, Pte., Civil Serv. Rif. (15 Lond. Regt.) 

b., '98 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Walter Peters, 10 Zermatt Rd.,T. Heath. 
Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Clerk at Scotland Yard. Efd., '17. 
Fell, 8 Aug., '18. 

Peto, Joseph, Act.-Sgt., R.G.A, 

b., '90. Married ; 2 children. Empl. by L.B. & S.C.Ry. 
Res., 13a Henderson Rd., Croydon. Enl., 9 Nov., '14 ; served 
in France, Jan., 'i6-Apr., '18. D. of wounds, France, 30 Apr., '18. 

Petrie, Arthur H., 2/Lt., E. Sur. Regt. (attd. Trench Mortar Bty.) 

b., '97 ; e.s.. Major James & Mrs. Petrie, Addiscombe. Educ, 
Haywards Heath, Brighton G. Sch., & Whitgift G. Sch., where 
he was memb. of O.T.C. to '14. Gazetted, 26 Jan., '15 ; served 
in France, 18 Nov., '15-Jul., '17 ; ment. in desp.. May, '17. 
Fell, France, 31 Jul., 'i7» 
Pettifer, Sidney, Pte., R.A.S.C. 

b., '83 ; s., Mr.& Mrs. Pettifer, 4 Wyche Grove, Croydon. Educ, 
Bynes Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married ; 2 children. Clerk. 
Enl., Nov., '16 ; discharged, '17. D. of illness incurred on 
service, i Apr., '18. 



366 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Pfundt, Barry, Pte., Hauraki Regt., N.Z. Forces. 

b., Wallington. 30 Aug., '87 ; s., Rudolf & Isabel Pfundt, 
" Rollodene," 13 Birdhurst Rd., Croydon. Educ, at Croydon. 
Single. Engineer, Waihi Gold Mining Coy. Res., Waihi, N.Z. 
Enl., '14. Fell, Anzac, Gallipoli, 25 Apr., '15. (Plate XXVII., 6). 

Phare, Dudley Gersham, Lt., K. S.L.I. 

b., Crouch End, 18 Oct., '88 ; s., George & Edith Annie Phare, 
4 Ashburton Rd., Croydon. Educ, Private Sch., & St. Olave's 
G. Sch., Tooley St., E.C., '03-04. Single. Chartered 
accountant (A.C.A.). Joined as 2/Lt., Sept., '15 ; served in 
R.A.S.C. Fell, Henin-sur-Cojeuil, 28 Mar., '18. 

Phillips, Bert E., Sgt., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '89. Educ., Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon ; memb. of St 
Peter's C.E.B. Res., 17 Haling Rd., Croydon. Enl., '08 ; 
went to India, '14 ; ret. to Eng., time expired, '16 ; re-enlisted 
and went to France, '17 ; D.C.M. Fell, 6 Apr., '18. 

Phillips, Herbert Charles, Pte., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Copthorne, Surrey, 6 Oct., '87 ; s., Charles & Elizabeth 
Phillips, 25 Totton Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Tenison's Sch., and 
Beulah Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Single. Gardener. Enl., 
Aug., '14. Fell, Armenti^res, 23 Sept., '15. 

Phillips, Percy Thomas, Pte., 8 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Helder St., Croydon, 19 Apr., '94 ; s., Charles & Elizabeth 
Phillips, 25 Totton Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Beulah Rd. Sch., 
T. Heath. Single. Ettl., 30 Apr., '16. D. from gas poisoning, 
Ypres, 30 Apr., 'i6. 

Pickering, A. E., Cpl., R.E. 

Married ; i daughter. Empl. by Messrs. Collins, Old Broad 
St. Res., Worthing, formerly Lincoln Rd., S. Norwood. 
D. of influenza, France, '18. 

Pickering, Walter, Sgt., i R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Bridlington, Yorks., 7 Apr., '95. Single. Hairdresser. 
Res., S. Croydon. Enl., 15 Nov., '15 ; M.M. Fell, '17. 

PiCKFORD, A. J. Ernest, Pte. 

b., '06 ; e s., Arthur & Emily Pickford, 206 Livingstone Rd., 
T. Heath. D. of wounds, France, 25 Aug., '18. 

Pierce, Sidney, Pte. 

Educ, Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. Fell, Somme, 15 Sept., '16. 

PiGE, Herbert Joseph, Cpl., Lond. Regt. 
Fell, '16. 

PiGGOTT, Charles W. 

b., '81 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Piggott, 53 Kingswood Rd., Penge, 
Married. Res., Wickham Market, Suffolk. Fell, Cambrai, 
30 Nov., '17. 

PiGGOTT, Harold Edgar, i Essex Regt. 

b., S. Norwood ; s., Mr. & Mrs. G. P. Piggott, 12 Norwich Rd., 
T. Heath. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Single. 
Fitter. Res., 12 Norwich Rd., T. Heath. Fell, nr. Poperinghe, 
16 Mar., '18. 

Piggott, John A., R.E. 

6-. '87 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Piggott, 53 Kingswood Rd., Penile. 
Married. Res., 6 Venner Rd., Sydenham. D. of pneumonia, 
France, 6 Dec, '18. 

Piggott, Samuel, 325172, Pte., W. Yorks. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Piggott, 12 Norwich Rd., T, Heath. Fell, Cambrai, 
II Oct., '18. 

Pightling, James, 55773, Pte., 19 Can. Btn. 

Res., 14 Church Rd., Croydon. Fell, 22 Jan., '16. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 367 

PiLCHER, J. W., Gnr., R.F.A. 

Married. Empl. at T. Heath Model Laundry. Res., 126 
Beulah Rd., T. Heath. Enl., 27 Mav, '15. Fell, 22 Sept., '17. 

Pink, H. A., 1402, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '16. 

Pink, J. W. 

b., '82. Married. Empl. as lamplighter by Croydon Gas Coy 
since Nov., '11. Enl., Mav, '18. Fell, France, 24 Oct., '18. 

Piper, H. H., Pte., 2 SufF. Regt. 

b., '93. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., Croydon. Empl. by 
Mr. Ramsdale, dairvman, Whitehorse Lane, S. Norwood. Res., 
10 Swain Rd., T. Heath. Enl. in R.W.S. Regt. Fell, z Mar., '16. 

Piper, Leslie B., Rflmn., Lond. Regt. 

b., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Piper, 38 Alexandra Rd., Addis. Educ, 
Croydon Mod. Sch., & Clark's Coll. Enl., Dec, '16. D. of 
wounds, 8 Apr., '18. 

Pitman, Thomas Stuart, Lt., 6 York & Lanes. Regt. 

b., Streatham, 10 Jul., '91 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Guilbert Pitman, 
34 Coombe Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., & Queen's 
Coll., Oxford. Single. Scholar ; scholarship to Queen's Coll., 
Oxford, '09 ; B.A. with hons., '14 ; memb. of 0.\f. Univ. O.T.C, 
for 4 vears. Enl., i Oct., '14. Fell, Poel Cappelle, Belgium, 
26 Sept., '17. (Plate XXL, 3). 

PlTTAM, H. T., Gnr., R.F.A. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Pittam, 228 Gloucester Rd., Croydon. Educ, 
Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Empl. at Home & Colonial 
Stores, Whitehorse Rd. Fell, 4 Dec, '17. 

PiTTMAN, Cecil Frederick, Lt., R.F.C. 

b., '91 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Frederick John Pittman, " Beechcroft," 
St. Augustine's Av., Croydon. B.Sc. Killed while flying in 
England, 20 Jul., '17. Buried, Bandon Hill Cem. 

Planterose, E. a.. Observer Sub-Lt., R.N.A.S. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. G. Planterose, 8 East Drive, Brighton. Educ., 
Whitgift G. Sch., Croydon. Fell. '17. 

Playfair, L., Lt., I R. Scots (attd. R.F.C.) 

Educ, High Sch., Croydon. Fell, '15. 

Playstead, Lionel Henry William, 320922, L/Sgt., 2/6 Lond. Regt. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Plisted, C, 26128, Pte., K.S.L.L 

Res., W. Croydon. Fell, 20 Sept., '17. 

Plowman, Arthur Ernest, Pte., 13 R. Fus. 

b., Wallington, 15 Apr., '98; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. J. Plowman, 
4 Ainsworth Rd., Croydon. Educ, Welcome Hall, Croydon. 
Single. Apprentice to printer's machine minder. Enl., 
I Sept., '16. Missinq, Gavrelle, France, 29 Apr., 17. 

Plumridce, Charles Frederick, Pte., 8 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Slough, 3 Jan., '84. Educ, Croydon. Mairied. Plumber. 
i?ex., 58 Woodside Rd., S. Norwood. Enl., 27 ] an., '17. Missini;, 
France, 21 Mar., '18. 

Poffley, W. a., Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '98 ; y.s., Mr. Sc Mrs. Pofley, 8 Salisbury Rd., Woodside. 
Enl., 4 May, '15. D. of wounds, i Jul., '16. 

Polge, William Edwin, 2/Lt., 7 I-ond. Regt. 

b., S. Norwood, 2 Nov., '92 ; 3rrf s., Henry & Ella Polge, 7 
Dornton Rd., Croydon. Educ, High Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Banker's clerk. Joined, Sept., '14. Fell, Glencorse Wood, nr. 
Ypres, 16 Aug., '17. 



368 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

PoLHiLL, Herbert William, Gnr., Australian Trench Mortar Bty. 

b., Croydon, '88 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Arthur Polhill, 14 St. John's Gr., 
Croydon. Educ, Brit. Sch., Croydon. D. of wounds at 
Liverpool Camp, Australia, 23 Aug., '17. 

Polhill, William Henry, Cpl., 13 Aust.I.F. 

b., Croydon, iK Nov., '90; s., Mr. & Mrs. Arthur Polhill, 14 
St. John's Gr., Croydon. Educ, Brit. Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Seedsman. Res., Australia. Enl., '15. D., 12 Apr., '17, of 
wounds reed. prev. day. Buried at Australian Mil. Cem., Bapaume. 

Pols, Henry James, A.B. Seaman, R.N. 

b., '95 ; s., Mr. !k Mrs. W. A. Pols, qc Sutherland Rd., Crovdon. 
Telegraph messenger. Served on H.M.S. " Impregnable " and 
" Berwick." L/^st on H.M.S. " Bulwark," destroyed by internal 
explosion at Sheerness, 26 Nov., '14. 

Poole, Charles, Sgt., 4 K.R.R.C. 

b., Croydon, 20 Mar., '86 ; s., Charles & Ann Poole, 29 Union Rd. 
Crovdon. Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single 
Enl'., 26 Feb., '07. Fell, St. Eloi, 2 Mar., '15. (Plate XXI., 4)" 

Poole, George Eddy, Cpl., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., *94 ; V.S., Mr. & Mrs. Poole, 20 Dagnall Pk., S. Norwood. 
Educ, Christ Ch. Higher Grade Sch., Southport. Married. 
Empl. by Messrs. Duncan McNeill, tea growers. Old Broad St. 
Fell, Flanders, 10 Jan., '16. 

Poole, Lionel Anthony, Pte., oq Coy.. M.G.C. 

6., T. Heath, 30 Sept., '84 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Richard F. Poole, 
124 Bensham Manor Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Mr. A. C. Dent's 
Sch., Bensham Manor Rd., T. Heath. Married ; i child. 
Salesman to wholesale stationer. Res., 23 Norman Rd., T. Heath. 
Enl., 21 Jul., '16. Fell, France, 3 May, '17. 

PooRE, W., Rflmn. 

b., '84. Educ, Willesden G. Sch. Married, Amy, daughter of 
Mr. Frank Saunders, of Egerton Rd., S. Norwood. Empl. by 
Pearl Insurance Coy. Fell, Messines, 7 Jun., '17. 

Porter, Charles Henry, Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., Kentish Town, 12 Jul., '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Porter, 40 Purley 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, Brighton Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Insurance agent. Re^., 36 Purley Rd., Croydon. Enl., 18 Nov., 
'10. Fell, Vendresse, 8 Oct., -. 

Porter, Edward J., I^t., Lond. Regt. 

b., '84 ; 4tfi f., Mr. & Mrs. S. Porter, Chancellor Rd., Southend- 
on-Sea. Graduate in ist cl. hon. (science) Lond. & Camb. 
Univ. ; science master at Kingsbridge G. Sch., Devon, and 
Manchester G. Sch., & for 18 mths. prev. to enlistment was senior 
physics master, Wliitgift G. Sch. Gazetted to Lond. Regt., 
.Jan., '16. D.. 22 Sept.; "16, while pris. of war in a German 
Hosp., nr. Ypres, of wounds reed., 16 Sept., '16. 

Porter, George Edward, Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., Cresswell Rd., S. Norwood, 30 Dec., '94 ; t., Mr. & Mrs. C. 
Porter, 60 Harrington Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Birchanger Rd. 
Sch., S. Norwood. Single. Pastrycook. Enl., 25 May, '15. 
Fell, France, 11 Jul., '17. 

Porter, William Reginald, Pte., 8 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Alexandra Rd., Croydon, 22 May, '98 ; s.. Mr. & Mrs, William 
Porter, Warlingham. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '09-14, where he 
was memb. of O.T.C. Single. Warehouseman. Res., 
Warlingham. Enl., in 16 Middlesex Regt., Aug., '15. Fell, 
Thiepval, 29 Sept., '16. 



XM. 









Pte. C. C. Pavni;, 2 R. Suss. Regt. 

2/Lt A. C. C. Pfndrigh, Devon. Regt. 

Lt. T. S. Pitman, 6 York & Lanes. Regt. 

Sgt. C. Poole, 4 Kinsfs R.R.C. 

L/Cpl. E. C. L. Read, S Norf. Regt. 

Ptc. T. M. Richardson, 5 Notts. & Derby. Regt. 



XXII. 









1 . Pte. H. V. Newcombe, 7 E. Kent Regt. 

2. Pte. J. H Nealon, 4 R. Fus. 

3. Cpl. H. C. Parsons, Q.Vict. Rif. 

4. Pte. S. C. RiDDiCK, H.A.C. 

5. Pte. J. Read, S.Wales Borderers 

6. Pte. H. E. Randall, Machine Gun Corps 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 369 

Potter, Hprbept Foreman, Cpl., R.E. 

h., *99 ; 3rJ j., W. & M. Potter, 68 Oakley Rd., S. Norwood. 

D., 2 Nov., 'i6, at Aylesbury Mil. Hosp., of injuries reed, in a 

motor car accident while engaged on mil. duties. 
Potts, F., 5-^2082, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

Res., T. Heath. Fell, '17 
Potts, Leonard, 19850, Pte., R.W. Kent Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Potts. 11 Sylverdale Rd., Croydon. Formerly 

in 21 I-ancers. Missing, 23 Mar., '18. 
Potts, Walter, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 36 Keen's Rd.. Croydon, 12 May, '95 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Potts, 

36 Keen's Rd., Croydon. Educ, Dering PI. Sch., Croydon. 

Single. Compositor. Enl., 19 Oct., '14. Fell, Belgium, 

I Oct., '18. 

POULTER, D., R.E. 

Fdtic , Whitgift G. Sch., Crovdon, '06-09. Served as desp. rider. 

Fell, '17. 
Powell, Arthur Trevanion, 2/4 Cameron H. 

h., Dulv^ich, II Dec, '91 ; s., A. E. M. & Elizabeth Annie Powell. 

28 Maberley Rd., U. Norwood. Ediic, Alleyn's Sch., Dulwich. 

Single. Banking clerk (Thos. Cook & Son\ Enl , in R. Bucks. 

Hussars, 18 Apr., '15 ; commis., 27 Aug.. '15. Fell, Vimy Ridge, 

22 Jul., '16. 
Powell, A. W., 2/Lt., R.W.S. Regt. 

Fell, '16. 
Powell, Owen Leonard, 32831, Rflmn., K.R.R.C. 

h.. Heme Hill, 29 Sept., '85 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Powell, 5c Tremadoc 

Rd., Clapham, S.W. i?(fj/c., Christ Ch. Sch., Brixton. Married. 

Commercial traveller. Res., 17 Norton Gardens, Norbury. 

Enl., 5 Jun., '16. Fell, France, 7 Oct., '16. 
PoviT^LL, Patrick J. G., Lt., R.F.C. 
Powell, William, Sgt., i Gordon H. 

b., Basingstoke, 9 Jul., '65. Educ, G. Sch., Basingstoke. 

Married. Gasfitter. Res., 56 Mersham Rd., T. Heath. 

Served in Malta and Ceylon as schoolmaster in Gordon H., 

prior to '89 ; served in S.A. War. Re-enlisted, 25 Sept., '14. 

D., Crescent War Hosp., Croydon, 3 Oct., '18. 
PowNEY, J. T., Mai., R.E. 

Married. Res., St. Augustine's Av., Croydon. Accidentally 

killed, Le Havre, Dec, '14. 
PozoN, G., Cpl , 4R. Fus. 

.?., Mr. & Mrs. Pozon, 81 Askew Terr., Shepherd's Bush. Single. 

Res., Whitehorse Rd., Croydon. Served through S.A. War with 

the same regt. Fell, '15. 
Pragnell, George, Capt., Gen. Staff Offr. 

s., late Sir George & Lady Pragnell. D.S.O. Fell, Jul., '17. 
Preddy. Herbert Victor, Pte., 9 E. Sur. Rect. 

6., 18 Armills Rd., Gibson's Hill, U. Norwood, 7 Oct., '91 ; 

s., Mr. & Mrs. H. Joseph Preddy, U. Norwood. Educ., Rock- 
mount Rd. Sch., U. Norwood. Single. Printer. Enl., 

9 Feb., '16. Fell, Guillemont, 16 Aug., '16. 
Preedy, J. C, 2053, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

D. while pris. of war in Turkish hands. 
Pretious, Alfred Grefnaway, Pte., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Norfolk Terr., Bayswater, W., 16 Mar., '67. Educ, Colfe G. 

Sch., & Abp. Tenison's Sch., Leicester Sq., W. Married. 

Insurance clerk. /?ex., 32 Carew Rd., T. Heath. ^«/., Nov., '14. 
. Killed at Purley, 29 Apr., '15, 



370 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Pretious, D., L/Cpl., R. Fus. 

Fell, Ypres, about Jul., '17. 

Prevett, Albert Charles, Pte., 8 E. Sur, Regt. 

b., 13 Bishop's Rd., Croydon, 3 Feb., '98 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. R. 
Prevett, 43 Addington Rd., Croydon. Educ, Christ Ch. Sell., 
Croydon. Single. Empl. at Crowley's Brewery. Enl., 
24 Jan., '16 ; «;., Somme, Sept., '16. Fell, Poelcappelle, 12 Oct., '17. 

Price, Arthur E., Pte., R W.S. Regt. 

^•> '93 ■) 3''d s., late Mr., & Mrs. Price, 196 Oval Rd., Croydon. 
Fell, I Aug., '17. 

Price, E. L., Pte., Lond. Regt. 

b., '98. Educ, St. Saviour's Sch., Croydon. Empl. at Woolwich 
Arsenal. Res., 28 St. Saviour's Rd., Croydon. Enl. in R. Suss, 
Regt., 7 Dec, '16 ; served in France with R.W.S. Regt. ; w., 
Oct., '17 ; transf. to Lond. Regt., Apr., '18. Fell, France, 
22 Aug., '18. 

Price, Graham, Pilot, R.F.C. 

e.s., Mr. & Mrs. James Price, Sydenham (res. in Croydon until 
'07). Fell, 9 Mar., '16. 

Price, J. W. J., 2/Lt., Northd. Fus. 

b., '87 ; s., late Mr., & Mrs. Price, 196 Oval Rd., Croydon. 
Enl. as pte. in Hants. Regt., '14 ; served in India until Aug., '16 ; 
commis. in Northd. Fus., Dec, '16. D. of wounds, 32 Apr., '17. 

Priddy, Sidney Randall. 

b> '95 ; s., Robert & Annie Priddy, S. Norwood. D. of wounds, 
18 Mar., '16. 

Proctor, F., 2739, Pte., Tank C. 
Res., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 

Pryce, S. T., 13349, Rflmn., R.B. 
Res., Shirley. Fell, '16. 

Pryke, Albert Edw^ard, Pte., 13 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., E. Battersea, 4 Jun., '95 ; s., late Mr., & Mrs. H. J. Pryke, 
5 Harrington Rd., S. Norwood. Educ., Portland Rd. Sch., 
S. Norwood. Single. Fitter's mate. Enl. in 4 R.W.S. Regt., 
Dec, '16. Fell, France, 24 Apr., '17. 

Pryke, William Zechariah, 240246, Pte., 1/5 Seaforth H. 

b., 21 Lambeth Rd., Croydon, 30 Jul., '93 ; s., Zechariah & Alice 
Pryke, 134 Bensham Lane, T. Heath. Educ., Christ Ch. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Shop asst. Res., 51 Theobald Rd., 
Croydon. Enl., 7 Sept., '14 ; served in France for 23 months. 
Fell, Arras, 9 Apr., '17. Buried, Rochincourt, nr. Arras. 

Puddephat, Reginald F. J., Pte., 16 Middlesex Regt 

b., Leavesden, Herts., 25 Dec, '97 s., Joseph & Sarah A. 
Puddephat, 6 Beddington Terr., Mitcham Rd., Croydon. Educ, 
New Town, Sutton, & Boston Rd., Croydon. Single. Electrical 
engineer. Enl., 15 May, '15. Fell, Somme, i Jul., '16. 

PuLHAM, Robin, Gnr., 63 Bde., R.F.A. 

Res., 39 Livingstone Rd., T. Heath. Fell, France, 31 Jul., '15. 

Punt, Albert Edward, Pte., 2 Devon Regt. 

b., T. Heath, 17 May, '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Walter Punt, 71 Wind- 
mill Rd., Croydon. Educ, Boston Rd. Sch,, Croydon. Single. 
Baker's roundsman. Enl , Nov., '15 ; taken pris., 24 Apr., '18 ; 
found dead by British troops, 14 Jul., '18. Buried, Peronne. 

PuRKiss, Henry William, Driver, R.A.S.C. 

b., Gloucester Rd., Croydon, 20 May, '80 ; s., Benjamin & 
Charlotte Purkiss, 29 Princess Rd., Croydon. Educ, Princess 
Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married. Driver i?ej., 61 Johnson Rd., 
W. Croydon. Enl., 11 Nov., '14, Fell, La Neuville, Corbie, 
30 Nov., '16. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 371 

PuRNELL, Frederick David, A.B. Seaman, R.N. 

b., '79. Empl. by Croydon Corp., as attendant at S. Norwood 
Baths. Res., 62 Carmichael Rd., S. Norwood. Served for 12 
years in R.N., and was on reserve when war broke out. Lost on 
H.M.S. " Hawke," torpedoed, Oct., '14. 

PuRVES, Thomas Warren, Lt., Middlesex Regt. 

b; '97 ; J.y., Mr. & Mrs. P. W. Purves, " Lilburn," Plough Lane, 
Purley. Educ, West House Sch., Edgbaston, Glasgow Acad., 
and Whitgift G. Sch., Croydon. Enl., as pte. in Lond. Scottish, 
'14; w., France, Nov., '14 ; commis., Aug., '15. Fell,7 ]un., '17. 

Purvey, H. A., S. Staffs. Regt. 

Res., Croj-don. Fell, '17. 

QuiNTON, William Charles, Pte., Can. E.F. 

b., '94 ; s., Mrs. Hellard, 9 Frant Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Princess 
Rd. Sch., Croydon. Formerly empl. by Messrs. Joyce, dairymen. 
Res., Canada, from '13. Enl. in Can. E.F., landing in France, 
Jul., 'i6. Fell, 25 Oct., '16. 

Racine, E. Guy, 2/Lt. 

b., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Ernest Racine, W. Croydon. Fell, 
9 Apr., '17. 

Rackett, Harold Gordon, R.E. 

b., '91 ; sth s., late W. H., & E. Rackett, S. Norwood. Served 
in army 4 years. D., St. Albans, Herts., 30 Oct., '18. 

Radford, P. P., 10769, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Res., S. Norwood. D. of wounds, France, 16 Nov., '16. 

Radford, V. P. U., 10769, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 
Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '16. 

Radley, Christopher Septimus, Pte., i Sur. Rif. (21 Lond. Regt.) 

b., 23 Jan., '84 ; s., late William, & Sarah Jane Radley. Educ , 
Whitgift G. Sch., Croydon, '97-00. D. of pneumonia,8 Sept. ,'14. 

Randall. Henry E., Pte., M.G.C. 

b., '93 ; e.s., Henry & Clara Randall, 119 Penshurst Rd., T. Heath. 
Fell, France, 2 Dec, '17. (Plate XXH., 6). 

R.\nger, p. J., 50866, Pte., N. Staffs. Regt. 
Res., T. Heath. D. of wounds, '17. 

Ransford, Lionel Bolton, Flight Sub-Lt., R.N. AS. 

b., U. Norwood, 3 May, '99 ; s., Robert Bolton Ransford, M.A., 
J. P., & Mrs. Ransford, 16 Mowbray Rd., U. Norwood. Educ., 
Dulvvich Coll., where he was sgt. in O.T.C. Joined R.N.A.S., 
Jun., '17 ; flight sub-It., Nov., '17 ; appointed to 5 Squad., at 
Dunkirk, whence he took part in many bombing raids on 
Zeebrugge, etc. Fell, 18 Mar., '18, in aerial combat, nr. St, 
Quentin. 

Raphael, John Edward, Ix., Gen. Staff Offr. 

b., '82 ; s., late Albert, & Harriet Raphael, Levvin Rd., Streatham 
and Wildhatch, Hendon. Educ, Merchant Taylor's Sch., and 
Oxf. Univ. ; studied law ; memb., and later capt. of Sur. County 
Cricket Club ; capt. of Old Merchant Taylor's Rugby Club ; 
played Rugby football for Eng. against Wales, Scotland, Ireland, 
N. Zealand & France ; pres. of Oxf. Palmerston Club, '04-05 ; 
contested Croydon in the Liberal intei^est in Mar., '09, when he 
was defeated by Sir Robert Trotter Hermon-Hodge, Bart., the 
Unionist candidate. Joined an O.T.C. in Aug., '14 ; gazetted 
to Duke of Wellington's Regt., afterwards transferring to K.R.R.C; 
appointed to G. Staff as A D.C. to G.O.C., 41 Div. D., 11 Jun., 
'17, of wounds reed. 7 Jun., '17. 



372 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Rattee, Waiter Edward, Sgt., 6 Lond. Regt. 

b., Felixstowe, 20 Jan., '96 ; s., Daniel Edward & Lucy Rattee, 
94 Bensham Manor Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Eastward Ho. Coll., 
'Felixstowe. Single. Draper's asst., empl. by Messrs. Marshall 
and Snelgrove, Oxford St., W. Res., Lond. Before war was 
memb. of K.R.R. Cadet C. Enl., Aug., '14 ; went to France, 
Mar., '15 ; zv., Festubert, May, '15 ; gassed, Loos, Sept., '15. 
Fell, High Wood, Somme, 15 Sept., '16.^ 

Rawlings, F., 16113, Pte., S.W.B. 

Res., W. Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Rawlings, F., 2092, Pte., Lond. Regt. 
Fell, '16. 

Ray, W. W., Coy.Sgt.Maj., Princess Patricia's Can. L.I 

h., '88 ; .v., Mr. & Mrs. W. Ray, 6 Addis. Av., Croydon. Married. 
Fell, 16 Sept., '16. 

Rayner, C, 2747, Pte., Argyll & Sutherland H. 
Res., W. Croydon. 'Fell, '16. 

P.AYNER, Edward, Surgeon, R.N. 

b., Hampstead, '86 ; e.s., late Edward Rayner, of " Beechlands," 
Wadhurst, Sussex, & Mrs. Rayner, Queen's Hotel, U. Norwood. 
Educ, Heddon Court, & S.E. Coll., Ramsgate ; entered Pembroke 
Coll., Camb., '05 ; ist cl. in Natural Science Tripos, '08 ; reed, 
his med. educ. at Camb., & St. Thomas' Hosp., Lond. ; M.R.C.S., 
Eng., & L.R.C.P., Lond., '12 ; M.B. & B.Sc, Cantab., '12 ; 
acted as house surgeon and casualty officer at St. Thomas' while 
working for his F.R.C.S., which he obtained, '13. Served at 
Gallipoli with R.N.D. (Engineers) ; appointed surgeon to H.M.S. 
" Vanguard," autumn, '16. Killed on H.M.S. " Vanguard," 
destroyed by internal explosion, 9 Jul., '17. 

Rayner, Ernest Walter, 65344, Pte., 4 R. Fus. 

b., 50 Limes Rd., Croydon, 3 Sept., '88 ; s., late Col. & Mrs. 
Robert Rayner, 50 Limes Rd., Croydon. Educ., Sydenham 
Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married ; i child. Press prover. Res., 
9 Croydon Grove, Croydon. Enl., Aug., '16. D. of wounds 
reed, in France, 29 Sept., '17. 

Rayner, Frederick William, Pte., i R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 25 Aug., '86 ; e.s., Frederick & Alice Rayner, 16 
Alpha Rd., Croydon. Educ, Plassy Rd. Sch., Catford, & Wood- 
side Sch., Croydon. Single. Moulder in brass foundry. 
Res., Stratford, Ontario, Canada. Enl., '04 ; pris. of war from 
31 Oct., '14 to Nov., '18. D. of pneumonia while on his way 
home on board H.M. Hosp. Ship " Formosa," at Copenhagen, 
I Jan., '19. 

Rayner, Harold Leslie, 2/Lt. 

s., late Edward Rayner, of " Beechlands," Wadhurst, Sussex, and 
Mrs. Rayner, Queen's Hotel, U. Norwood. Fell, i Jul., '16. 

Rayner, R. S., 25467, Pte., Lanes. Fus. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '16. 

R.\zzell, a., Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Gloucester Rd., Croydon, 12 Feb., '86 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. W. 
Razzell, 279 Whitehorse Rd., Croydon. Educ, National Sch. 
Married. Coal porter. Res., 231 Gloucester Rd., Croydon. 
Served in S.A. War. Enl., 4 Aug., '14 ; participated in battle 
of Mons ; w. on the Aisne, '14 ; ret. to France, Mar., '16, Fell, 
Ypres, 31 Mar., '16. 



XXIII. 









Pte. N. Kren, i/s'Ciordon H. 

Pte. T. G. RoFFEV, 17 Middlesex Regt. 

Pte. A. W. Stevens, 1/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

Pte. E. B. Shaw, 9 R. Fus. 

Driver H. J. Nichoi.ass, R.F.A. 

2/Lt. F. W. RoBARTS, Lond. Scottish 



XXIV 









Rflmn. A. J. Ruddle, Lond. Regt. 
Signaller H. J. Smith, Queen's Westm. Rif. 
Sgt. F. F. RoTHEN, Queen's Westm. Rif. 
Trooper E. J. Saunders, M.M., Sur. Yeom. 
2/Lt. E. G. RouTLEY. M.C., R. Fus. 
Capt. A. E. Ryan. M.C, R.W.S. Regt. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 373 

Read, Edwin Cyril Laffan, L/Cpl., 8 Norf. Regt. 

Educ, L.C.C. Sch., Eardley Rd., Streatham. Single. Tailor. 
Res., 2 Bulkelev Rd., Norbury. Enl., 1 Sept., '14. Fell, Somme, 

I Jul., 'i6. (Plate XXI., 5). 
Read, James P.atrick, Gnr., R.G.A. 

b., 9 Palmerston Rd., Croydon, 14 Nov., '8y ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 
Read, 9 Palmerston Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Married. Greengrocer. Res., 25 Queen's Rd., 
Crovdon. Enl., 14 Sept., 'i6. Fell, France, 5 Nov., '17. 

Read, John, Pte., S.W.B. 

b., 9 Palmerston Rd., Croydon, 10 Oct., '87; s., Mr. &Mts. 
Read, 9 Palmerston Rd., Croydon. Educ., Whitehorse Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Married. Fruiterer and greengrocer. Res., 12 
Northbrook Rd., Croydon. Enl., 24 Oct., '16. Fell, France, 
31 Aug., '18. (Plate XXII., 5). 

Redm.\n, Frederick William, Sgt., i R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 24 Pridham Rd., Croydon, 14 Mar., '92 ; s., Charles & Esther 
Redman, 4 Garnet Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Cleaner, empl. at Whitehorse Rd. Sch. 
Enl., 3 Dec, '11 ; fought at Mons and Aisne, where he was w., 
23 Oct., '14 ; returned to France, 15 Jan., '15. Fell, Somme, 
15 Jul., '16. 

Redpath, Robert, 683145, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

b., 29 Sidney Rd., S. Norwood, 26 Sept., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 
Redpath, 29 Sidney Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Birchanger Rd. 
Sch., S. Norwood. Single. Butcher's asst. £■«/., 12 Oct., '14. 
Fell, Messines, 7 Jun., '17. 

Reed, George F. B., 148713, Gnr., R.G.A. 

Emol. as fitter's mate by Croydon Gas Cov. Res., Croydon. 
Fell, '17. 

Reed, George Henry, Cpl., 2 H.L.I. 

b., Croydon, 16 Dec, '90 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Reed, 9 Bute Rd., 
Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single, 
Empl. in telegraph office. £■«/., Jan., '10 ; zy., France, Nov., '14. 
D. at Bethune, 16 May, '15, of wounds reed, at Festubert, the 
same day. Buried, Bethune Cem. 

Rekd, William, Pte., R. Suss. Regt. 

b., Caterham, 28 Apr., - ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Reed, 224 Bensham 
Lane, T. Heath. Educ, Croydon. Single. Farm labourer. 
Res., Lewes. D., 6 Jul., '17, of wounds reed, at Coxyde, 5 Jul.,'17. 

Rees, W., Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., '88. Married ; 4 children. Empl. by Messrs. Marshall, 
Murray & Co., dairymen, 55 Union Rd., Croydon. Res., 

II Adelaide St., Croydon. Fell, 10 Apr., '17. 
Reeve, John Stanley, Lt., H.A.C. 

b., Mar., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. J. Reeve, 99 S. Norwood Hill. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., & Palmer's Coll., Grays. Enl. as pte. 

in H.A.C, Jan., '15 ; later promoted sgt. ; gazetted, Jan., '17 ; 

went to France, Mar., '17 ; lu., Bullecourt, May, '17 ; re-joined 

his btn. in Italv, May, '18. Fell, Italy, 29 Jun., '18. (Plate 

XXVI., i). 
Reeves, E. F., Pte. 

Married ; i son. Res., 6 Ann's Place, Croydon. Fell, Arras, 

3 May, '17. 
Reeves, Victor Frederick, Pte., 2/10 Lond. Regt, 

b., 6 Frith Rd., Croydon, 3 Dec, '00 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Fred. 

Reeves, 82 Waddon New Rd., Croydon. Educ, Par, Ch. Sch., 

Croydon. Married. Res., 82 Waddon New Rd,, Croydon. 

Enl., 14 Jan., '17. Fell, France, 24 Aug., '18. 



374 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Reid, Eric Bruce, Capt., N. Staff. Regt. 

Res., 37 Alexandra Rd., S. Norwood. Fell, Armentiferes, 
21 Oct., '14. 

Reid, James Archibald John, 2/Lt., Cambridgeshire Regt. 

h., 6 Mar., '82 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. James Reid, 3 Cherrv Orch. Rd., 
Croydon. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch., & Whitgift G. Sch., '96-98. 
Enl. as pte. in 16 Middlesex Regt., Sept., '14. D., 16 Oct., '16, 
in France, of wounds reed, the prev. day. 

Repton, Arthur Gerald, Cpl., 7 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Bolney, Sussex, 3 Feb., '9=; ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Repton, 
70 Richmond Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Ecclesbourne Rd. Sch., 
T. Heath. Single. Clerk. Enl., 3 Feb., '15 ; served in 
France, 21 Jun.-g Nov., '15. D. of wounds reed, at Givenchv, 
9 Nov., '15. (Plate XXV., 4). 

Rbvell, John Henry, R.N. 

b., 21 Dec, '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Revell, 10 Laurier Rd., E. Croy- 
don. Educ, Woking & Mitcham. Single. Empl. by Messrs 
Allder, North End, Croydon. Joined, Sept., '13. Lost, with 
H.M.S. " Queen Mary," sunk in Battle of Jutland, 31 May, '16 

Revene, Howard, Lt., R.G.A. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Frederic Revene, 7 High St., S. Norwood, and 
" Southella," St. Saviour's Rd., Croydon. D. from syncope, 
Basra, 25 Aug., '17. 

Rew, Douclas Joll.and, 2/Lt., Essex Regt. 

3rds., late Maj. H. G., & Mrs Rew, 22 Queen's Rd., S. Norwood. 
Enl. in Artists Rif. O.T.C. ; served in France with 13 Essex 
Regt. until w., '16 ; ret. to France, Apr., '17. Fell, 28 Jun., '17. 

Reynolds, G., 323358, Pte., Lond. Regt. 
Res., S. Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Re-vnolds, R. L., 703336, L/Cpl., Lond. Regt. 
Res., Tooting. Fell, '17. 

Rhodes, A. E., Pte., M.G.C. 

b.. '95. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Res., 37 Zion Rd.> 
T. Heath. Fell, 28 Aug., '16. 

Rhodes, David Robert, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

b.. Worth, Sussex, 25 Apr., '91 ; v.s., James, & late Emily 
Rhodes, 119 Whitehorse Rd., Croydon. Educ, Oval Rd. Sch., 
Crovdon. Empl bv A^r. Alfred Bullock. Enl. in E. Sur. Regt., 

9 Feb., '16. Fell, 22 Aug., 'r8. 
Rhodes, James Charles, Rflmn., K.R.R.C. 

Memb. of St Mark's, S. Norwood, C.L.B. Res., 53 Sidney Rd., 
S. Norwood. Enl., 23 Feb., '17. Fell, 18 Nov., '17. 

Rhodes, W., M2/184228, Pte., R.A.S.C. 

Res., S. Croydon. D. of wounds, '17. 

Richards, George William, 200954, Signaller, 3/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

5., Mr. George Richards, Stationmaster, Wimbledon (L.B. & 
S.C.R.) Stn., & Mrs. Richards. Res., Waddon Stn. Enl., 
Sept., '14. Fell, Meteren, Belgium, 14 Apr., '18. 

Richardson, B. G., Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., '82 ; .?., Mr. & Mrs. H. Richardson, late of Tanfield Rd., 
Croydon. Married ; 2 children. Empl. by Messrs. J. Pascall, 
Blackfriars. Enl., 6 Feb.,' iS. Z). of wounds at Rouen, 27 Oct., 
'18. 

Richardson, Bertram Frank, Rflmn., 13 R.B. 

b.. Forest Hill, 8 Jul., '97 ; s. Walter & Marian Richardson, 
58 Heath Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Katherine Rd. Sch., Forest Hill. 
Single. Clerk at Messrs. Methuen's, publishers. Res., 58 
Heath Rd., T. Heath. Enl., 28 Aug., '14. Fell, Somme, 

10 Jul., '16. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 375 

Richardson, F., 53261, Pte., R. Fus. 

Res., E. Croydon. D. of wounds, '17. 

Richardson, Harry Thomas, Lt., 5 Northd. Fus. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. John Richardson, Gosforth. Enl., 11 Sept., '14 ; 
went to France, Apr., '15 ; vv., i May, '15 ; removed to hosp. at 
Boulogne and Oxford. D., 23 Aug., '15. 

Richardson, Hector Lawrence, Rflmn., 9 R.B. 

b., Leeds, 27 Jan., '94 ; s., Charles Frederick & Bertha Richardson, 
29 Preston Rd., Beulah Hill, LT. Norwood. Educ, St. George's 
Sec. Sch., Lond., E.C. Single. Chauffeur. Enl., 4 Jan., '15 ; 
M.M. for bravery in field, awarded 8 Sept., 'i6. D., 
20 Aug., '16, at Amiens, of wounds reed. 15 Aug., '16. 

Richardson, Percy Frederick. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. E. H. Richardson, Addis. Fell, France, 21 May, '17. 

Richardson, Percy Lewis, Pte., 5 Lond. Regt. 

b.. Forest Hill, 21 Sept., '99 ; s., Walter & Marian Richardson, 
58 Heath Rd., T. Heath. Educ, \Miitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. 
Single. Empl. at Lond. Bdge. Enl., 9 Mar., '15. Fell, 
Somme, i Jul., '16. 

Richardson, Thomas Charles, Mai., R.E. 

b., Crovdon, '84 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Richardson, " St. David's," 
Clifton'Park Rd., Clifton, Bristol. Educ, High Sch., Croydon, 
and Monkton Combe Sch. Single. Civil engineer (A.M. LC.E.) 
Res., Birmingham. Joined as sub-It., '09 ; twice ment. in despat. ; 
M.C. D. of gas poisoning, Albert, Feb., '16. 

Richardson, Thomas Martin, Pte., 5 Notts. & Derby. Regt. (Sherwood 
For.). 

b., Penge, 3 Nov., '83 ; s., late Robert Henry, & Alice Olivia 
Richardson, i Blenheim Pk. Rd., Croydon. Educ, The Skinners* 
Coy. Puhl. Sch., Tunbridge WeJls. Single. Musician. Enl., 
25 Mar., '16. Fell, France, 26 Jun., '17. (Plate XXL, 6). 

RiCHENS, Albert Edward, Pte., 13 Middlesex Regt. 

b., Sydenham, 16 Apr., '98 ; s., Albert Edward & Eliza Harriet 
Richens, 140 Harrington Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Portland Rd. 
Sch., S. Norwood. Single. Milk carrier. Enl., 6 Sept., '16. 
Fell, Messines, 11 Jun., '17. 

Richmond, Percy Stuart, Pte., 5 Yorks. Regt. 

b., Lond., 6 Mar., '91 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Richmond, 389 Whitehorse 
Rd.,T. Heath, ^'r/wc, Vv^hitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Single. 
Warehouseman. Goalkeeper for Holy Trinity Football Club. 
Enl., I Apr., '16. Fell, France, 23 Apr., '17. 

Richmond. Sidney William, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 2 Nov., '89 ; s., William & Emily Richmond, 
70 Lond. Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. 
Married. Railway employee, engineer's dept. £■«/., 11 Dec. ,'15; 
zv., France, Nov., '17. Fell, France, 28 Sept., '18. (Plate 
XXVHL, 4). 

RiDDiCK, Stanley Charles, Pte., H.A.C. 

b., Nunhead, 2 May. '97 ; s., Harry & Mabel Riddick, 
" Trevena," 73 Brigstock Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Boro. Sec. 
Sch., Croydon. Single. Bank clerk. i?«., 336 Bensham Lane, 
T. Heath. Enl., Mav, 'it;. Fell, Beaumont Hamel, 13 Nov., '16. 
(Plate XXH., 4). 

Ridley, A. E., Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., '98. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Postman. 
Res., 353 Whitehorse Rd., Croydon. Enl., Jul., '15. Fell, 
France, i Jan., '17, 



376 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Ridley, Bert, Sapper, R.E. 

b., '93. Married ; i child. Res., 9 Anthony Rd., Woodside. 
Fell, 3 Jan., '18, 

Ridley, G. W., L/Cpl., M.G.C. 

b., '92 ; y., Mr. & Mrs. Ridley, 26 Anthony Rd., Woodside. 
Served 3 years. D. of gas poisoning at Bermondsey Mil. Hosp., 
22 Sept., '18. 

RiLEY, Alfred Valentine Cole, P.O., R.N. 

b., Caterham, '87 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Alf. Riley, 3 Cedar Rd., 
Croydon. Educ, Caterham Valley Counc. Sch. At one time 
in service of Orient Line ; later joined an American line, and for 
4 years before war was with R.M.S.P. Co. In Dec, '14, his ship 
was taken over by the Admiralty as an aux. cruiser, and he con- 
tinued in the service, becoming a p.o. Killed in engagement 
between H.M.S. " Alcantara " and the German raider " Greif," 
29 Feb., '16. 

RiLBY, W., 9449, L/Sgt., E. Yorks. Regt. 
Fell, 'lb. 

RiTCHiNGS, Arthur William, 2/Lt. 

e.s., Mr. & Mrs. A. E. Ritchings, 14 Estcourt Rd., S. Norwood. 
Enl., Nov., '14 ; M.M., Messines, 7 Jun., '17. Fell, 27 Sept., '17. 

Rivers, Tom Langley, Cpl., 169 Can. Inf. 

b.. The Drive, T. Heath, 29 Sept., '85 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Tom Rivers, 
614 Woodbine Av., Toronto, Canada. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. 
Sch., Croydon. Married. Res., 213 Chisholm Av., Toronto, 
Canada. Enl., 25 Jan., '16. Fell, Passchendaele, 28 Oct., '17. 

RoAF, Arthur Box, Pte., 2 Hants. Regt. 

b., Gloucester Rd., Croydon, 12 Jan., '94 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. T, 
Roaf, 43 Sidney Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Birchanger Rd. Sch., 
S. Norwood. Single. Labourer. Enl., 3 Sept., '14. D. at 
2 Can. Gen. Hosp., Le Tr^port, France, of wounds reed, at 
Cambrai, 7 Dec, '17. 

Robarts, Francis Watson, 2/Lt., 14 Lond. Regt. (Lond. Scottish). 

b., Woodford, Essex, 5 Mar., '82 ; s., Nathaniel Francis & Margaret 
Elizabeth Robarts, 23 Oliver Grove, S. Norwood. Educ, 
Whitgift G. Sch. Single. Chemical merchant, partner in the 
firm of Bryce Robarts & Co., 43-45 Gt. Tower St., Lond., E.G. 
Memb. of Sur. County Cricket Club, and R.A.C. ; formerly 
Hon. Sec. of Addis. Cricket Club, & Norwood Cricket Club ; 
Sec. to the Church Committee of St. Andrew's Presbyterian Ch., 
U. Norwood ; superintendent of New Town Sunday Sch., 
U.Norwood. £«/. as pte., Sept., '14. i^e//, nr. Loos, 13 Oct., '15. 
(Plate XXIII., 6). 

Roberson, Frank H. L., 2/Lt., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '83. Married Grace Dorothy {me Gatfield). Res., Streatham 
and Croydon. D., 12 Aug., '17, of wounds reed. 2 days prev. 

Roberts, Frank Marshall, Sgt., 7 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., U. Norwood, 24 May, '80 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. George Roberts, 
Nottingham. Educ at a private sch. in U. Norwood. Married. 
Insurance clerk. Res., 48 Lebanon Rd., Croydon. Hon. Sec. 
Croydon Nat. Hist. & Sci. Soc at time of enlistment. Enl., 
Sept., '14. Fell, Inverness Copse, Ypres, 10 Aug., '17. 

Roberts, John, Pte., 8 R. Fus. 

b., Finsbury Park, 24 Jun., '82 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Roberts, 53 
Donald Rd., Croydon. Educ, Kenley Sch. Married. General 
labourer. Res., Hillside Cottages, Kenley. Enl., 26 Dec, '00 ; 
called up on reserve, 5 Aug., '14. Fell, France, 7 Jul., '16. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 377 

Robinson, Frederick, Driver, R.G.A. 

Married. Empl. by L.B. & S.C.R. D. of pneumonia, Italy, 
9 Oct., '18. 

Robinson, Leonard Herbert Frank, Lt., 7 E. Sur. Regt. 

b.y 25 Aug., '91 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Henry Bartlett Robinson, late 
of 12 Dingwall Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '06-10, 
Camb. Univ. to '13, and Ely Theological Coll. D. of wounds 
reed, at Hohenzollern Redoubt, France, 18 Mar., '16. 

Robinson, N. J., Pte., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 
Fell, Dardanelles, 9 Aug., '15. 

Robinson, Robert, 8 R.W.S. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Robinson, 15 Lansdowne Rd., Purley. Fell, 
France, 27 Sept., '15. 

RocKALL, Frederick Robert George, Pte., 11 R. Fus. 

b., Highbury, 21 Sept., '82 ; s , Frederick James & Clara Rockall, 
37 Richmond St., Plaistow. Educ, St. Paul's, Canonbury, 
Married. Cellarman. Res., 18 Gilsland Rd., T. Heath. 
Enl., 19 Jun., '16. Fell, E. of Combles, 30 Aug., '18. 

RoDD, Albert Prank, Rflmn., 20 K.R.R.C. 

b., I Raleigh Rd., Penge, 18 Jun., '98 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. A. Rodd, 
4 New Cottages, Middle Park Farm, Eltham. Educ, Melvin Rd. 
Sch., Penge. Single. Gardener. Res., 39 Raleigh Rd., Penge. 
Enl., 15 Nov., '15. £)., 24 Mar., '17, at 45 Field Amb., France, 
of wounds reed. 19 Mar., '17. 

Rodwell, Ernest Samuel, Bdr., R.F.A. 

b., '82. Empl. by Brit. Cement Works. Res., Pitlake Bdge., 
Croydon. Enl., Aug., '14. Fell, 23 Sept., '16. 

RoFFEY. Charles Alfred, Pte., H.A.C. 

b., '89 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. A. J. Roflfey, 55 Church Rd., Croydon. 
Educ, M. Wh'tgift Sch., Croydon. Empl. by Union of Lond. 
and Smiths' Bank, Princes St., E.C. Fell, Passchendaele, 9 Oct,'i7. 

RoFFEY, Frank Allen, Pte., 13 Australian I.F. 

t>; '97 ; y-S; Mr. & Mrs. A. J. Rofiey, 55 Church Rd., Croydon. 
Educ, M. Whitgift Sch., Croydon. On leaving sch. he was 
apprenticed to Central Motor Co., Ltd.; left Eng. for N.S. Wales, 
30 Jul., '14, for tuition on Gov. Experimental Farm, at Cowra. 
Enl., Jan., '15. Fell, Suvla Bay, 10 Aug., '15. 

RoFFEY, Thomas George, Pte., 17 Middlesex Regt. 

b., Devonshire Rd., Croydon, 10 Dec, '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 
George Roffey, 9 Russell Rd., Croydon. Educ, Princess Rd. 
Sch., Croydon. Single. Labourer, empl. by L.B. & S.C.R. 
Enl., I Sept., '16. Missing, Oppy, nr. A-rras, 28 Apr., '17. (Plate 
XXHL, 2). 

Roffey, W. H., Pte., 3 E. Sur. Regt, 

b., '78. Educ, St. Andrew's Sch., Croydon. Married. Post- 
man. Res , 79 Rymer Rd., Croydon. Served through Sj\ War. 
Enl., 3 Dec, '14. Fell nr. Festubert, i6 May, '15. 

Rogers, Alfred Joseph, Driver, R.A.S.C. 

b., 25 Jun., '80. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Married ; 

2 children. Empl. for 24 years by Messrs. Waghorn Bros., 

jewellers, Croydon. Enl., Apr., '17. D. of pneumonia, 14 

May, '17. 
Rogers, F., 24344, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

Res., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 
Romsford. 

Res., 16 Mowbray Rd. 



378 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

RoNCA, Edward Henry, a/Lt., E. Kent Regt. 

b., '82. Ediic, King's Coll., London. Married. Civil servant. 

Res.y 26 Linton Av., T. Heath. Enl., '15. Fell, France, 17 

Oct., '18. (Plate XXIX., 3). 
Room, F. A., Pte., M.G.C. 

Married ; 3 children. Carpenter, empl. by L.B. & S.C.R. 

Res., 27 Old Town, Croydon. Enl., in R.E., 8 Mar., '17. Fell, 

France, 4 Aug., '18. 
RooMF, Philip William, Fleet Paymaster, R.N. 

b., 28 Jun., '72 ; s., Henry & Phoebe Roome, 114 Breakespeare 

Rd., Brockley. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '85-87, & Mercer's Sch. 

Joined R.N. as asst. clerk, Dec, '88. Killed in action in North 

Sea on H.M.S. " Aboukir," 22 Sept., '14. 
Roots, W. J., 3004, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

i?e5.,T.^ Heath. Fell, '16. 
Rope, J. A., 2/Lt., R.W.S. Regt. 

Fell, '16. 
Rose, Dougl.^s John, 6 Lond. Regt. 

.''., '98 ; X., Mr. & Mrs. Rose, 19 Brafferton Rd., Croydon. Empl, 

bv Mr. French, baker, Croydon. Enl. in 3/4 R.W.S. Regt., '14. 

Fell, Ypres, 22 Oct., '16. 
Rose, L. A., R.W.S. Regt. 

Fell, '16. 
Rose, Philip Vivian. 

Solicitor. D. of wounds reed, at Loos, Sept., '15. 
Rosier, W., Driver, R.E. 

Married. Labourer, empl. by Croydon Corp., Roads Dept. 

Res., 67 Lancing Rd., Croydon. Enl., 30 Oct., '15. D. at 

Aldershot of cerebro-spinal meningitis, 21 Jan., '16. 
Ross, Thomas Hesketh, S.A. Inf. 

b., '80. Res., T. Heath. Served in German S.W. Afr., Egypt, 

and France. M.C. Fell, France. 
RoTHEN, Francis Frederick, Sgt., i Q.W. Rif. (16 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Stamford Bridge, Worcester, 28 Jan., '85 ; s., late John, and 

Elizabeth Rothen, 5 Elliott House, Elliott Rd., T. Heath. Educ, 

Royal G. Sch., Worcester, & St. Mark'? Coll., Chelsea ; B.Sc, 

Lond. Single. Asst. master, Boro. Sec. Sch. for Boys, Croydon. 

Enl., 3 Nov., '15. Fell, Arras, 14 Apr.. '17. Buried in French 

Cem., nr. Heninel. (Plate XXIV., 3). 
Route, S. W.. 23669, Pte., D.C.L.I. 

Res., T. Heath. Fell, '16. 
Routley. Ernest George, 2/Lt., 6 E. Kent Regt. 

b., Clapham Park, 3 Apr., '92 ; x., Mr. & Mrs. Routlev, 139 

Melfort Rd., T. Heath Educ., M. Whitgift Sch., Croydon 

Single. Bank clerk. Enl. as pte. in 10 R. Fus., 19 Aug., '14 ; 

commis. in E. Kent Regt., Aug., '15 ; went to France, Feb., '16 ; 

M.C. for conspicuous gallantry when on a reconnoitring patrol, 

Aug., '16, bestowed 20 May, '17, at Woolwich. Fell, Geudecourt, 

between Rapaume and Combles, 7 Oct., '16. (Plate XXIV., 5). 
RowE, Arthur William, Pte., i R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Pridham Rd.,T. Heath, 11 Apr. ,'87 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. H.Rowe, 

8 Nursery Rd., T. Heath. Educ., Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath, 

Married. Coal porter. Res., 157 Whitehorse Rd., T. Heath. 

Enl., II Nov., '14. D., 18 Jun., '16, at West Riding C.C.S., 

France, of wounds reed, at Armentiferes the prev. day. 
Rowland, B. A., 153 12, Pte., Coldstream Gds. 

Res., S. Croydon. Fell, '16. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 379. 

Ruddle, Arthur James, Rflmn., 2/17 Lond. Kept. 

b., Clapham, 15 Jun., '96 ; 2nd s., James Mills & Mary Ruddle, 
16 Arundel Rd., Croydon. Educ, St. Saviour's, & Brit. Schs., 
Croydon. Single. Shipbroker's clerk. Enl., in L.R.B., 
Dec, '14 ; went to France, Sept., '15, returning with cynov'tis, 
Nov., '15 : returned to France, Jul., '16, and from there was 
drafted to Salonica and Egypt ; served at Jerusalem, Jericho, etc. 
D. of dysenten.-, 74 C.C.S., Syria, 2 Jun., '18. (Plate XXIV., i). 

Ruddock, E. H. M., Capt., 13 Worcester Regt. 

Married. House agent, in empl. of !\Iessrs. Dickins and Sons, 
George St., Croydon. Rea., Croydon. Served in S.A. War. 
Joined as Lt., Aug., '14. Fell, Dardanelles, '15. 

Rudkin, W. S., Pte., 4 R.W.S. Regt. 

Empl. by Crovdon Corp., Trrmways Dept. 

RuFFELL, Clifford Wii.liaat, Pte., ^8 Can. Regt. 

h., Albion St., Lewisham, 28 Jul., '98. Ediic, Mitcham Rd. Sch., 
and Nat. Children's Home. Single. Farm hand. Res.. 
Ontario, Canada. Fell, Passchendaele, 26 Oct., '17. (Plate 
XXVH.. 5). 

RuMSEY, Charles Edwin, Pte., Middlesex Regt. 

h., '98 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Rumsev, Windmill Rd., Crovdon. Educ, 
Boston Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Single. Empl. by L.B. & S.C.R. 
Evl., 26 Feb., '17. Fell, France, 7 Jun., '17. 

Russell, A. E., 14866, Rflmn., R.B. 
Res,, E. Croydon. Fell, '16. 

Russell, Charlfs Frank, Trooper, r Life Gds. 

b., Norwood, 10 Apr., '92 ; s., David ^ Phyllis Russell, 116 
Oueen's Rd., U. Norwood. Educ, Rockmount Rd. Sch., 
U. Norwood. Single. Enl., 6 Sept., '11. Fell, Belgium, 
13 May, '15. 

Russell, F., 533676, Pte., I.ond. Regt. 
Res., Mitcham. Fell, '17. 

Russell, Frederick Alfred, Pte., Middlesex Regt. 

b., 2 Leeds Cottages, Church St., Croydon, '84. Educ, Bynes 
Rd. Sch., Croydon, and St. John's Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Painter nnd paperhanger. Res., 12 Sanderstead Rd., Croydon. 
Served with Aliddlesex Regt. for 5 years from 22 Jun., '03. 
Re-joincd, Aug., '14 ; taken pris. at Mons ; released, Jun., '16,^ 
after 22 months imprisonment, suffering from paralysis and tuber- 
culosis ; admitted to Grosvenor Sanatorium, 19 Jul., '16 ; 
transf. to Warlingham Mental Asylum, Mar., '17. D., 12 Sept., 
'17. Buried, Queen's Rd. Cam., Croydon. 

Russell, William, Lt. 

s., late Mr., & Mrs. Edward Russell, Croydon. Educ, Charter- 
house and Oxford Univ. Joined, '14 ; zu., end of '15. Fell, '17. 

RuTTER, Frank Lionel, 2/Lt., R!W.S. Regt. 
b., '95. Fell, France, 14 Jul., '16. 

RuxTON, Percy James, Pte., Middlesex Regt. 

b., Croydon, 5 Feb., '96 ; s., David F. & Eleanor Ruxton, 23 
Beaconsfield Rd., Croydon. £'rf?/c., Brit. Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Electrical engineer. Res., 13 Grosvenor Rd., S. Norwood. 
Enl., 24 Aug., '15. Fell, Les Boeufs, France, 28 Oct., '16. 

RvAN, Alfrfd Eric, Capt., R.W.S. Regt. 

b.. Forest Hill, 27 Sept., '97 ; s., A. E. &- Grace Ryan, 17 Croham 
Pk. Av., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., Croydon, Mill Hill, 
and R.M.C., Sandhurst. Gazetted, 25 Aug., ':6 ; M.C.i 
Jan., '17 ; ment. in dcsp., Dec, '17 ; twice zv. in '17. D. of 
wounds reed., 23 Mar., '18. (Plate XXIV., 6). 



380 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Ryan, Michael, Pte., i E. Kent Regt. 

b., Lond., 25 Aug., '80. Married. Postman. Res., 196 

Holmesdale Rd., S. Norwood. For 8 yrs. with 4 R.W.S. Regt. ; 

served in S.A. War (King's & Queen's Medals, bars for Transvaal, 

Driefontein, Paardeburg, Kimberley). Enl., 4 Aug., '14. Fell, 

Loos, 9 Apr., '17. 
Rycraft, William Rayner, Pte., 9 E. Sur. Regt. 

Married. Memb. of Croydon Fire Bde. Res., 5 St. John's 

Rd., S. Norwood. Fell, Trones Wood, 21 Mar., '18. 
Sach, Herbert E., Pte., 1/24 Lond. Regt. 

b., '87 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. E. C. Sach, Whitehorse Lane, S. Norwood. 

Married ; i child. Stationer. Res., High St., S. Norwood. 

Fell, 22 Aug., '18. 
Sadler, Alfred John, Pte., R.W. Kent Regt. 

b., '86 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Sadler, 37 Churchill Rd., Croydon 

D. of illness, Mesopotamia, '17. 
Sadler, F. W., Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Sadler, Gloucester Rd,, Croydon. Empl. at 

Messrs. Brown's Mills. Fell, '16. 
Sadler, W. D., 2/Lt., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., '93 ; 3rd s., Mr. & Mrs. E. W. Sadler, " Bella Vista," New 

Church Rd., Hove. Educ, High Sch., Croydon. Fell, 

4 Aug., '17. 
Salter Edward, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

b., '80 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Edward Salter, Southampton. Empl. 

as clerk by Mr. R. Dickenson, army contractor. Res., 24 

Canterbury Rd., Croydon. Memb. of N. End Brotherhood. 

Enl., '15. Fell, 24 Aug., '18. 
Samson, B. T., Cpl., R.F.A. 

b., '96 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Samson, 18 Adelaide St., Croydon. 

Empl. by Messrs. Marshall, Murrav & Co., dairymen, Brixton. 

Enl., Sept., '14. Fell, 2 May, '17.' 
Sanders, H. W., 2/Lt., Middlesex Regt. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., Croydon. [Missing, '17. 
Saunders, A. C, Pte., 11 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Saunders, 25 Priory Rd., Croydon. 

Empl. by Messrs. Chapman, Tamworth Rd., Croydon. D. of 

wounds, at 3 Aust. C.C.S., 22 Jul., '18. 
Saundfrs, Alfred George, Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., Croydon, 2 Jun., '81. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. 

Married. Carman, empl. byMessrs. Carter Paterson. Res., 

38 Hathaway Rd., Croydon. £"«/., Sept., '14. Z)., 15 May, '15, 

at Boulogne, of wounds reed, in France, i May, '15. 
Saunders, Carey, Rflmn., 12 Lond. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 5 Jun., '90 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Percy Saunders, 19 

Coomb'e Rd., Croydon. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch., Boro. Sec. 

Sch., Croydon, & Strand Sch., Lond. Single. Civil servant. 

Enl., 7 Sept., '14. Fell, nr. Ypres, 8 May, '15. 
Saunders, J., ist CI. P.O., R.N. 

Empl. by Croydon Corp., Electricity Dept. Fell, '16. 
Saunders, L. H. C, 201845, Gnr., R.F.A. 

Res.,lc.. Croydon. Fell., '17. 
Savage, Regin.ald Alexander, Act.-Bdr., R.F.A. 

b., 30 Temple St., Southwark ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Savage, 48 

Burlington Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Beulah Rd. Sch., T. Heath. 

Single. Fitter's mate. Enl., Mar., '15. Fell, Somme, 

16 Jul., '16. 
Saville, B. C, 86391, Bdr., 162 Siege Bty., R.G.A. 

Married. Res., Croydon. Fell, Zillebeke, 29 Sept., '17. 



XXV 









1. Pte. E. E. Pi-RFfcCT, D.C IM., 2 R.W.S. Regt. 

2. Pte. L. Simpson, Glo'ster; Regt. 

3. Stoker W. L. Shirley, R.N. 

4. Cpl. A. G. Repton, 7 E. Sur. Regt. 

5. Gnr. W. J. Slyfield, R.F.A. 

6. Pte. R. V. Pearson. Lincoln. Regt. 



XXVI. 









1. Lt. J. S. Reeve, H.A.C. 

2. Capt. Rev. C H. Schooling, C.F. 

3. Pte. E. S. Shaw, Lond. Scottish 

4. 2/Lt. S. G. Smith, Machine Gun Corps 

5. 2/Lt. A. G. Severs, R.F.C. 

6. Pte. F. R. Smith, 23 Lond. Regt. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 381 

Saw, William George, Pte., 7 R.W.S. Rest. 

b., Beddington, 31 Jul., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Albert Saw, 3 
Richmond Rd., Beddington. Educ, Beddington & Par. Ch. 
Sch., Croydon. Single. Empl. by Croydon Corp., Roads Dept. 
Enl., 7 Sept., '14. D., 3 Jul., '16, of wounds reed, in France, 

I Jul., '16. 

Saword, Ralph, 2/Lt., R. Fus. 

b., 20 May, 'qo ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Frederick C. E. Saword, 100 

Frant Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., Croydon. 

Fell, '17. 
S.wvYER, George, 3057, Pte., 2/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b.. Meadow Stile, Croydon, 25 Nov., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Sawyer, 

82 Southbridge Rd., Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. 

Single. Butcher. Enl., 19 Oct., '14. Fell, Suvla Bay, 9 Aug., '15, 
Sawyer, Herbert, 2/Lt., Suff. Regt. 

h., 25 Mar., '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Joseph Sawyer, " The Tower," 

Kenley. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '04-06. 
Sawyer, J., 41804, Trooper, Hussars. 

Res., W. Croydon. D., '17. 
Saxby, Clement Percival George, L/Cpl., i R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 119 Northcote Rd., Croydon, 31 Alar., '95 ; 5., Frederick 

George & Bertha Annie Saxby, 91 Northcote Rd., Croydon. 

Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Grocer's 

asst. Enl. in 16 Lancers, 20 May, '12. D., 8 Nov., '16, at 

II Stat. Hosp., Rouen, of wounds reed., 3-4 Nov., '16. (Plate 

xxvn., 3). 

Say, Cecil A., Pte., 8 N. Staff. Regt. 

Married. Res., " Hillcrest," St. Mary's Rd., S. Norwood. 
Fell, France, 3 Jan., '18. 

Sayer, James Herbert, 2/Lt., R.F.C. 

b., II Feb., '98 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Charles Joseph Sayer, 
Wellington. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '10-16, where he was sgt. 
in the O.T.C. Commis., Jun., '16. Fell, 3 Apr., '17. 
Sayers, F. C, 608599, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

Res., Croydon. D. of wounds, 26 Aug., '18. 
ScHOFiELD, Reginald George Hornby, 15 Australian LF. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Schofield, 65 Belvedere Rd., U. Norwood. Fell, 
Dardanelles, 26 Apr., '15. 
Scholey, Gerald Percival, Cpl., H.A.C. 

b., Clapham, 3 Mar., '91 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Scholey, 295 Lond. 
Rd., T. Heath. Educ, High Sch., Croydon. Single. Bank 
clerk. £'72/., Jan., '15. D. of erysipelas, at Paisley, Scotland, 
Sept., '16. 
Scholey, Norman Victor, Bdr., R.G.A. 

b., Clapham, i Jun., '92; s., Mr, & Mrs. Scholey, 295 Lond. 
Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Wyncott House Sch., & T. Heath Sch. 
Single. Enl., 'c8. Fell, Hill 60, nr. Ypres, May, '15. 
Schooling, Rev. Cecil Herbert, Capt., C.F. 

6., '85 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. F. Schooling, " Holly Dene," 
Beckenham Lane, Bromley. Sen. Curate at Par. Ch., Croydon. 
B.A., Trin. Coll., Camb., '06 ; M.A., '10 ; ordained deacon, '07, 
and priest, 'c8 ; curate at All Saints', Wakefield, '07-10 ; Secty., 
Ruri-decanal Conference. D., 21 Jun., '17, of wounds reed, 
prev. day. (Plate XXVL. 2). 
Scot, Frederick, R. Fus. 

Married. Accidentally hilled, France, '15, 



^82 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Scott, Arthur, Sapper, R.E. 

b.y Birmingham, 13 Mar., '95 ; s., Alfred & Frances C. Scott, 

157 High St., Croydon. £duc., Dering PI. Sch., Croydon. 

Single. Fitter. Memb. of St. Peter's, Croydon, C.L.B. 

Enl., 5 May, '13. Fell, France, 17 Nov., '15. 
Scott, Frederick Thomas, Cpl., 2/20 Lond. Regt. 

b., 48 Bensham Grove, T. Heath, 26 Aug., '94 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. 

F. J. Scott, 48 Bensham Grove, T. Heath. Educ, Beulah Rd. 
Sch., T. Heath, Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon, & Goldsmiths' Coll., 
Lond. Single. Student. Enl., in Territorials before war. 
Fell, France, 13 Aug., '16. 

Scott, Stuart Harry, Lt., R.A.F. 

b., Riddlesdown, Kenley, 14 Sept., '00 ; s., Donald James and 
Lilian K. Scott, 95 Mayiield Rd., Sanderstead. Educ, Whitgift 

G. Sch. Single. Student. Joined as cadet, 25 Jul., '16. 
Fell while flying nr. Amiens, 29 Sept., '18. Buried behind 
enemy lines where he fell. 

ScOTT, Thomas George, Bdr., 223 Bde., R.F.A. 

b., Camberwell, i Jan., '94 ; s., James & Jane Scott, 69 Croydon 

Grove, Croydon. Educ., Boston Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. 

Pawnbroker's salesman. Enl., 23 Nov., '14. D., 22 Mar., 'i8, at 

48 C.C.S., France, of wounds reed, at Edge Hill, nr, Combles, 

21 Mar., '18. 
Scrivener, A. E., Sgt., Som.L.L 

b., '85 ; ^th s., late Mr., & Mrs. W. J. Scrivener, 34 Newark 

Rd., Croydon. Married; children. £■«/. about '03, in R.G.A., 

transf. to Som.L.L Called up on reserve, Aug., '14. D. at 34 

Newark Rd., Croydon, 7 Apr., '17. 
ScuTT, Gilbert Arthur, Gnr., R.F.A. (attd. Trench Mortar Bty.) 

b., '97 ; ^., Mrs. Mary Biggs, 5 Bourne St., Croydon. 

D. of gas poisoning and wounds, France, 14 Aug., '17. 
Seabrook, H. Dan, 76170, Gnr., R.H.A. 

b., '95 ; s., H. D. & A. M. Seabrook, 63 Alderton Rd., Addis. 

Educ., Woodside Sch., & M. Whitgift Sch., Croydon. Served 

2 years and 8 months in France. Fell, Vimy Ridge, 12 Apr., '17. 
Seager, E. J., Rflmn., Lond. Regt. 

h., '97 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Seager, 9 Roberts' Yard, Croydon. 

Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Fell, 23 Nov., '17. 
Seager, Samuel William, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Penge, 28 Jun., '80 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Seager, 155 Maple Rd., 

Penge. Educ, St. John's Sch., Penge. Married ; 3 children. 

Printer. Res., 80 Canterbury Rd., Croydon. Enl., Oct., '14. 

Fell, Suvla Bay, 9 Aug., '15. 
Searle, B. Whitmore-, 2/Lt., 4 S. Staff. Regt. 

Educ, High Sch., Croydon. D. of enteritis, '15. 
Searle, Harry Carew, A.B. Seaman, R.N.A.S. (A.A.C.) 

b., Dulwich, 30 Jun., '88 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Searle, 143 Langdale 

Rd., T. Heath. Educ, St. John's Sch., Dulwich. Single. 

Accountant. Enl., 29 May, '15. D. of trench fever, Mudros, 

Isle of Lemnos, 30 Jun., '16. 
Selby, George. 

b., '99. Fell, 13 Jul., '16. 
Selby, J. F., L/Cpl., R. Fus. 

Married ; i child. Empl. by Croydon Corp. Tramways. 

Res., 63 Ecclesbourne Rd., T„ Heath. Enl., Nov., '14 ; served 

at Malta, Egypt, Dardanelles, & France ; w., at Trones Wood, 

Jul., '16, and at Cambrai, Nov., '17. Fell, France, 28 Mar., '18. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 383 

Selby, William, V.C, Lt.-Col. 

b., 16 Jun., '69. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '79-85, & St. Bartholo- 
mew's Hosp. ; Principal, St. George's Medical Coll., Lucknow, 
India, & Hon. Surg, to the Viceroy ; M.R.C.S., Eng., '92 ; 
L.R.C.P.. Lond. & F.R.C.S., '05. Served in N.W. Frontier 
Campaign, Tirah & Chitral, '97-9^, gaining V.C. in '97, & ment. 
in despat., '98 ; awarded D.S.O. during this war. Accidentally 
killed, '16. 
Selway, -, Rflmn., 3 K.R.R.C. 

Res., 140 Pawson's Rd., Croydon. Enl., 1 Sept., '14. Fell, 
France, 16 Aug., '15. 
Serre-s, Charles Herbert, Cpl., 23 Lond. Regt. 

b., Osgathorpe, Leicestershire ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Serres, 73 Stretton 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, Ashby Grammar Sch., Leicestershire, and 
M. Whitgift Sch. Married. Bank clerk. Res., 75 Clyde Rd., 
Addis. Enl., Sept., '14 ; discharged, 17 Sept., '17. D. of 
nephritis at the Nursing Home, 3 Tavistock Place, Croydon, 
12 Jan., '18. 
Severs, Alfred George, 2/Lt., R.F.C. 

b., s Jul., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Severs, 11 Vincent Rd., Croydon. 
Educ, M. Whitgift Sch., Croydon. Civil servant (National 
Insur. Dept.). Joined Civil Serv. Cadets, '12. Joined Inns of 
Court O.T.C., '15 ; gazetted to 15 Middlesex Regt. ; transf. to 
R.F.C, being sent to France when qualified as an observer, 
Dec, '16. Fell, France, 28 Mar., '17. (Plate XXVI., 5). 
Seward, Edwin Mark, R.F.A. 
Shakespeare, Frederick Edridge, Pte., Argyll & Sutherland H. 

b., 9 Jun., '92 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. J. B. Shakespeare, 67 George St., 
Croydon, Educ, M. Whitgift Sch., Croydon. Memb. of 
Legion of Frontiersmen. Enl., Aug., '14 ; went to France, 
Jun., '15 : zv., '16. Fell, 26 Mar., '18. 
Sharker, J. F., 228227, Pte., R. Fus. 

Res., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 
Sharman, W., Sapper, R.E. 

b., '84. Married ; 5 children. Enl., Oct., '14 ; went to Egypt, 
17 Mar., '15 ; lu., Suvla Bay, 2 Jul., '15 ; after short time in hosp. 
at Bristol & elsewhere, was sent to France, 24 Feb., '16 ; invalided 
home with diabetes, 7 Aug., 'i6 ; discharged from army, Feb., '17. 
D. at his home, 29 Dec, '17. 
Sharp, G. E., 30118, Pte, E. Sur. Regt. 

Res., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 
Sharp, Harry, Sapper, R.E. (Signal Serv.). 

6., '95. Empl. at Croydon Post Office, '10-15. Enl., Apr., '15. 
D., Gen. Hosp., Camiers, France, ii Aug., '17. 
Sharpf, W. D. C, Pte., S. Staff. Regt. 

Res., 135 Whitehorse Rd., Croydon. Missing, 21 Mar., '18. 
Sharples, Charles Edward, L/Cpl., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., 12 Northumberland St., Marylebone, 28 Sept., '91 ; s., Mr. & 
Mrs. Bacon, Upper Green, Mitcham. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. 
Sch., Croydon. Married. Foreman at Docks, Lond. Bridge. 
Res., Fountain Rd., Tooting. Enl., early in '16. Fell, France 
(probably nr. Bullecourt), 3 May, '17. 
Sharpless, W., 18233, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '16. 
Sharps, Robert, 2/Lt., M.G.C. 

b., Winchelsea, Suss., 25 Jul., '94. Educ, Christ Ch. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Printer. Res., 61 Benson Rd., Waddon. 
Enl. in R. Fus., 3 Jun., '15. D., 18 Apr., '18, of wounds reed, 
at BaqueroUes Farm, Merville-Rohecq Rd., France, 17 Apr., '18. 



384 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Shaw, Edward Stuart, Pte., Lond. Scottish (14 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Croydon, 20 Mar., '96 ; s., late Edward John, & Margaret 
Stuart Shaw, 66 Croham Rd., Croydon. Educ, Elmhurst Sch., 
and Whitgift G. Sch., Croydon. Single. Insurance clerk, 
Roval Insurance Co., Ltd., Lombard St., E.C. Enl., 11 Nov., '15, 
Fell, Gommecourt, France, i Jul., '16. Buried, Hebuterne. 
(Plate XXVI., 3). 

Shaw, Edwin Bruce, Pte., g R. Fus. 

b., Croydon, 23 Mar., '00 ; s., Samuel B. & Minian Alice Shaw, 
21 St. John's Grove, Croydon. Educ, Dering PI. Sch., Croydon, 
Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon, & King's Coll., Lond. Sin<?le. 
Teacher. Enl., 29 Jan., '16. Fell, France, 5 Aug., '16. (Plate 
XXIII., 4). 

Shears, J. S., 1378, Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '92. Res., 53 Albert Rd., Addis. Fell, France, 1 Jul., '16. 

Shfldrick, Thomas Edward, Pte., 12 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., 21 Sainsbury Rd., Gipsy Hill, U. Norwood, 6 Oct., '81 ; 
s., Mr. & Mrs. Sheldrick, 21 Sainsbury Rd., U. Norwood. 
Educ, Woodland Rd. Sch., U. Norwood. Married. Plasterer. 
Res., 36 Queen's Rd., U. Norwood. Enl., 23 Jun., '16. Fell, 
Ypres, 25 Apr., '18. Buried, Vlamertinge, W. of Ypres. 

Shelley, Frederick Charles, Pte , 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 40 Fawcett Rd., Croydon, 13 Nov., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs, 
Shelley, 40 Fawcett Rd., Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Engineer's apprentice. Enl., 3 Sept., '14, 
Fell, Hohenzollern Redoubt, France, 13 Oct.. '15. 

Sheppard, W. J.. 1866, Rflmn., 2 R.B. 

h., Winchester ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Sheppard, 8 Pridham Rd. E., 
T. Heath. E'iwc, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., Croydon. Res., T. Heath. 
Enl., '07 ; served in India, '08-Oct., '14 ; landed in France, 5 Nov., 
'14. FelL Neuve Chapelle, 10 Mar., '15. 

Sherborn, Geoffrey Robert, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., T. Heath, 26 Feb., '97 ; s., Sidnev N., & Helen Sherborn, 
31 Beulah Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Mr. Davies' Sch., T. Heath. 
Single. Apprentice to Messrs. Kennard Bros., drapers, Croydon. 
Memb. of 8 Croydon Boy Scouts. Enl. as trooper in Sur. Yeom., 
17 Mar., '15 ; transf. to E. Sur. Regt. in France, in '16. D., 
8 Jun., '17, at 46 C.C.S., France, of wounds reed. nr. Voormezeele 
same dav. Buried, Mendingham Cem., Proven. 

Sherlock, A. H., Pte. 

e.s., late Mr. & Mrs. H. Sherlock, Woodside. D., Rouen, 
20 Sept., '18. 

Sherman, George William, 5403, L/Cpl., R.W.S.Regt.(attd. 72T.M.B.) 
b., Jarvis Rd., Crovdon, 2 Oct., '92 ; s., George & Annie Sherman, 
5 Bartlett St., Croydon. Educ, Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Shopman. Memb. of St. Peter's, Croydon, C.L.B. 
Enl., i6 Apr., '15. Fell, France, 10 Apr., '17. 

Shersby, W. H., 2894,"L/Cpl., Lond. Regt. 
Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '16. 

Sherwood. Francis Colin, Lt., R.N.A.S. 

b., Streatham, 13 Jun., '09 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Sherwood, 7 Pollard's 
Hill W., Norbury. Educ, " Cheltonia " & Mod. Schs., Streat- 
ham. Single. Enl., Mav, '17. D. of heart failure following 
influenza and pneumonia, Brooklands Hosp., Hull. 

Sheward, Ernfst William, i Essex Regt. 

h., Stourport, Worcestershire ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Sheward, 36 
Brindley St., Newtown, Stourport. Educ, Stourport. Married . 
Grocer & provision merchant. Res., 2 Clifton Terr., Parish 
Lane, Penge. Enl., i Jun., '16. Fell, nr. Ypres, 31 Jan., '18. 



XXVII. 









I \V. (;. Sri-Ei', R.N. 

2. 2/Lt. Harold Taylor, M.C, R.A F. 

3. L/Cpl. C. P. G. Saxby, I R.W.S. Regt. 

4. L/Cpl. R. H. Treffry, Queen's Westm . Rif. 

5. Pte. C. W. RuFFELL, 58 Can. Regt. 

6. Pte. B. Pfindt, N.Z. Forces 



xxvnr. 








Rflmn. L. S. Stevens, Lond. Irish Rif. 
Pte. T. C. S. SiMMONDS, R.W.S. Regt. 
Pte. A. ToMKiNS, E. Sur. Regt. 
Pte. S. W. Richmond, Lond. Regt. 
Pte. B. T. Treffry, R.W.S. Regt. 
Pte. E. V. Tyler, M.M., R.W.S. Regt. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 385 

Shippey, Georoe Edward, Rflmn., 2/6 Lond. Regt. 

/>., Lr. Sydenham, 3 May, '92 : s., Mr. & Mrs. Shippey, 15 
Walter's Rd., Selhurst Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Portland Rd. 
Sch., S. Norwood. Single. Electro tvper and stereotyper. 
Enl., 6 Sept., '14. D., 21 May, '17,3145 C.C.S., of wounds reed, 
at Bullecourt, same day. 

Shipton, Cuthbert, L/Cpl., Princess Patricia's Can. L.I. 

h., '94 ; 4th s., Mr. & Mrs. George Walter Shipton, Round Hill, 
Nova Scotia. Educ., Guelph Univ., and by his uncle, Mr. Arthur 
E. P. Voules, Birdhurst Lodge, Croydon ; B.Sc. D. of cerebro- 
spinal meningitis, 7 Gen. Hosp., France, 16 Jan., '16. 

Shirley, William Leonard, H20753, ist CI. Stoker, R.N. 

b., Beckenham, May, '96 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Charles Edward Shirley, 
2 Drover's Rd., Croydon. Educ, Abp. Tenison's Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Res., 5 Haling Rd., Croydon. Enl., 29 Sept., '13 ! 
served on board H.M.S. " Doon," '14-17. Killed during ?ir-raid 
at Chatham Naval Barracks, 3 Sept., '17. (Plate XXV., 3). 

Short. T. W., Pte., Cambs. Regt. 

A., '86. Married. Empl. by Messrs. Harrison & Barber, 
Croydon. Res., 64 Mitcham Rd., Croydon. Enl., Jun., '16 ; 
M.M., Jul., '17. Fell, 26 Sept., '17. 

Shorter, Arthur. 

b., '98 ; s., William & Barbara Shorter, Mansfield Rd., Croydon, 
Fell, 7 Nov., '17. 

Shrubp, George, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

h., Croydon, 23 Apr., '84 (or '85) ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Shrubb, 
53 Priory Rd., Croydon. EJwc, Croydon (or Mitcham). Single. 
Stoker. Served in R.N. before the war. £■»/., in R.W.S. Regt., 
'14. Fell, 16 Feb., '15. 

SiLCOCK, John Cooke, L/Cpl., 11 R.W. Kent Regt. 

b.. Church Rd., Croydon, 27 Jul., '93 ; y.s., John Cooke Sc Mary 
Ann Silcock, 2=; Harrison's Rise, Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., 
Crovdon. Married. Milk carrier. Res., 25 Harrison's Rise, 
Croydon. E-il., 6 Feb., '15. Fell, nr. Zillebeke, 20 Sept., '17. 

Silcott, Christian Philip, Can. D.A.C. 

b., '94 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. Silcott, 46 Kidderminster Rd., 
Croydon. D., 22 Oct., '18, at Eastbourne, of wounds reed, 
in France, 27 Sept., '18. 

Silver, Harry, Pte., 4 R W.S. Regt. 

b., '94 ; s. Mr. & Mrs. Silver, 18 Bridport Rd., T. Heath. Single. 
Empl. by Croydon Corp., Roads Dept. D. of gastritis, Lucknow, 
India, 20 May, '15. 

SiMKiNs, Frederick John, Trooper, i M.G. Gds. 

b., '98 ; J., James & Hannah Bella Allenby-Simkins, 144 Frant 
Rd., T. Heath. Educ, T. Heath Sch. (Mr. J. D. Davies). 
Enl., in Life Gds., May '16 ; served in France, 6 Dec, '17 to 
May, '18. Killed during an enemy air-raid, France, 19 May, '18. 

SiMMONDS, Alfred H., Driver, 57 Bty., R.F.A. 

b., Brighton, 12 Dec, '92 ; s., William & Edith Simmonds, 
69 The Drive, T. Heath Educ, Ecclesbourne Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Learning motor trimming. Enl., ig Oct., 
'10. Fell, Hooge Chateau, nr. Ypres, i Nov., '14. 

SiMMONDS, Erne=:t Edward, Sgt., R.E. 

b., Benson Rd., Croydon, 14 Nov., '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Simmonds, 
" Wandle House," Waddon Nev/ Rd., Crovdon. Educ, Brit. 
Sch., Croydon. Single. Builder. Enl., Nov., '14 ; D.C.M., 
Sept., '16. Fell, 31 May, '18. Buried, La Kreule Cem., nr. 
Hazebrouck. 

Y 



386 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

SiMMONDS, Guy Bloxam, a/Lt.. M.G.C. 

b., 22 Apr., '87 ; 2.7td s., Mr. & Mrs. William Henry Simmonds, 
formerly " Lansdowne," Spencer Rd., Croydon, now of Hobart, 
Tasmania. Ediic, Whitgift G. Sch., '98-02. Empl. on Stock 
Exchange. Enl. as pte. in Middlesex Regt., '14 ; served in 
France as sgt. ; commis., '16. Accidentally killed on a railway, 
France, 29 Dec, '16. 

Simmonds, Thomas Charles Sturton, Pte., 11 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Clav Hill, Bushey, Watford, 19 Dec, '91 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 
Simmonds, 10 Benskin Rd., Watford. Educ, Victoria Sch., 
Watford. Married. Conductor, Croydon Corp. Tramways. 
Res., 8 Colvin Rd., T. Heath. Enl., 27 Oct., '15. Fell, Spoil- 
banlc, Zillebeke, 11 Dec, '16. (Plate XXVHI., 2). 

Simmons, D., 273060, Pte., 18 D.L.I. 

b., '85 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. Simmons, 198 Northwood Rd., 
T. Heath. Fell, France, 2 Jul., 'iS. 

Simmons, Eric Warr, 2/Lt., 6 York & Lanes. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 6 Apr., '93 ; s., Thomas Frederick & Agnes Simmons, 
5 Heathfield Rd., Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch.. Croydon, 
and Univ. Coll., Lond., where he studied geology ; B.Sc, 
1st cl. hon., '14 ; elected Fellow, Geological Soc, '15 ; demon- 
strator in geology, Univ. Coll. Memb. of Lond. Univ. O.T.C. 
Missing, Suvla Bay, 12 Aug., '15. 

SiMPKlNS, C, 2332, Pte., R.W. Kent Regt. 
Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '16. 

Simpson, Arthur John, Pte., M.G.C. 

b., Croydon, 5 Aug., 98 ; s., J. W. & E. J. Simpson, 9 Tudor Rd., 
S.Norwood. £'i«c.. Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. Single. Store- 
keeper (electrical branch), L.B. & S.C.R. Res., 8 Cranmer Rd., 
Croydon. Enl, 13 Aug., '17. D., 25 Mar., 'iS, at 36 C.C.S., 
France, of wounds reed, at Ypres, 24 Mar., '18. 

Simpson, Frank, Cpl., i Middlesex Regt. 

b., S. Norwood, 18 Sept., '89 ; s.. William & Sarah Ann Simpson, 
90 Crowther Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Birchanger Rd. Sch,, 
S. Norwood. Married. Clerk. Res., 90 Crowther Rd., 
S. Norwood. Enl, 17 May, '16. Fell, Passchendaele, 3 Apr,,'i8. 

Simpson, George, Rflmn., R.B. 

b., 16 Naseby Rd., U. Norwood, 16 Aug., *88 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 

Simpson, 9 Eagle Hill, U. Norwood. Educ. Rockmount Rd. 

Sch., U. Norwood. Married. Carman. Res., 25 Eagle Hill, 

U. Norwood. Enl., 3 Sept., '14. Fell, nr. Poperinghe, 18 

Oct., '17. 
Simpson, Leonard, Pte., Glo'ster. Regt. 

b., 35 Dover Rd.. U. Norwood, 28 May, '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. E. 

Simpson, 9 Eagle Hill, U. Norwood. Educ, Rockmount 

Rd. Sch., U. Norwood. Single. Newsagent's asst. Enl., 

28 May, '17. Fell, France. 9 Jul.. '18. (Plate XXV., 2). 
Simpson, W. A., Sub-Lt., R.N.V.R. 

b., '90. Empl. by Lacy Hulbert & Co., Croydon. Res., 

" Torwood," Alton Rd., Croydon. Joined, '15; if., France, '17. 

Fell, 23 Mar. '18. 
Simpson, William, L/Cpl., 3 R.W.S. Regt. 

Educ, Gordon Boys' Home, Croydon. Fell, i Jul., '16. 
Sims, Ernest Victor, Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., Whitehorse Rd., Croydon, 23 Jun., '93 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 

Thomas Sims, 144 Canterbury Rd., Croydon. Educ, Boston Rd. 

Sch., Croydon. Single. Painter. Enl., 4 Aug., '14. Fell, 

France, 11 Dec, '16. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 387 

Sinclair, Leslie J. Hartnell-, 2/Lt., 3 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Charles Hartnell-Sinclair, " Memphis," 

Addis. Fell, France, 26 Sept., '15. 
Singleton, E. J., 552796, Pte., Lond. Regt. 

Res.,T Heath. Fell, '17. 
Skeddon, Lloyd, Lt., Can. E.F. (attd. R.A.F.) 

s., Mr, & Mrs. Skeddon, Canada, late Croydon. Fell, France, '18. 
Skeddon, Mathew, Can. Engineers. 

b., '69 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Skeddon, Canada, late Croydon. Fell,'i8. 
Skelton, J., 6995, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

i?<?5., T. Heath. Fell, '17. 
Skilton, William George, Signaller, L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b.. Ill Holmesdale Rd., S. Norwood, 2 Nov., '97 ; s., William 

Robert & Lucy Skilton, 14 Bungalow Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, 

Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Single. Clerk. Enl., 

12 May, '16. £)., 16 Aug., '17, at 32 CCS , France, of wounds 

reed, at Polygon Wood, Ypres, same day. 
Skinner, E. H. G., 12879, Rflmn., K.R.R.C ' 

Res., W. Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Skinner, Edward Walter, Rflmn., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

6., West Norwood, 5 Oct., '93 ; s., Edward & Emily Jane Skinner, 

310 Lr. Addis. Rd., Croydon. Educ, Tiffins' G. Sch., Kingston- 
on-Thames. Single. Clerk. Enl., in 8 Lond. Irish Rif., 

22 Dec, '15 ; transf. to 1/5 Lond. Regt. (L.R.B.), 5 May, '16 ; 

sent to France, 14 Jul., 'i5. Missing, Les Boeufs, France, 

8 Oct., '16. 
Skinner, Francis George, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., '98 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Skinner, 4 Lion Rd., Croydon. Educ, 

Princess Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Empl. by Messrs. 

Whitbread, & Messrs. Blackwell, Lansdowne Rd., Croydon. 

D. of wounds, 15 May, '18. 
Skitteral, B. T., Sgt., R.W.S. Regt. 

Married ; i son. Res., S. Norwood. Enl. in W. Yorks. 

Regt., '95, serving in S.A. War. Re-enlisted 18 Oct., '14 ; served 

in France, Apr., '16-Nov., '17, & in Italy, Nov., '17-Apr., '18, 

when he returned to France ; D.C.M., Jun., '17, & M.M. Fell, 

France, lo Aug., '18. 
Skottowe, C M., 2/Lt., S. Lanes. Regt. 

b., '98 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Skottowe, " Strathfield," Brighton Rd., 

Purley. Educ., Forest Sch., & Sandhurst. Gazetted, Jan., '16 ; 

went to France, Sept., 'i6. Missing, France, 21 Oct., '16. 
SioJSE, Edward James, L/Cpl., 3/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 35 Warren Rd., Addis, 4 Sept., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. E. J. 

Skuse, 35 Warren Rd., Addis. Educ, Oval Rd. Sch., Croydon. 

Single. Empl. by Westminster Gas Co. Teacher at St. 

Matthew's Sunday Sch., Croydon. Enl., 4 Jun., '15. Fell, 

Polygon Wood, Ypres. 4 Oct., '17. (Plate XXIX., 6). 
Skuse, William Henry, Rflmn., 1/17 Lond. Regt. 

b; 35 Warren Rd., Addis., '99 ; 2nd s., Mr. & Mrs. Skuse, 

35 Warren Rd., Addis, iirfz^c. , Oval Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. 

Empl. as fitter's asst., Westminster Gas Co. E71I., 9 Jun., '17. 

Fell, Froyennes, Belgium, 8 Nov., '18. Buried, White Chateau, 

Froyennes. (Plate XXX., 6). 
Slack, John, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Croydon. Educ., Bynes Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married ; 

I child. Res., 127 Bynes Rd., Croydon. Served in S.A. War. 

Enl., 5 Aug., '14. Fell, Mons. 30 Oct., '14. 



388 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Slade, William, Pte., R.E. 

b., S. Norwood, 27 Mar., '87 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Slade, 27 Apsley 
Rd., S. Norwood. Educ., Rirchan<?er Rd. Sch., S. Norwood. 
Married ; i daughter. Builder & decorator. Res., 27 Apsley 
Rd., S. Norwood. Enl., 21 Jun., '16 ; w., four times (once at 
Battle Wood, nr. Ypres, 30 Jul., '17) ; gassed. D ., Dover, of 
pneumonia contracted at Calais, 7 Feb., '19. 

Sleeman, Charles, Cpl., Lanes. Fus. 

b., 32 Handcroft Rd., Croydon, 12 Jan., '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 
Sleeman, 6 Clarendon Rd., W. Croydon. Educ, Brit. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Shop asst. Enl., 20 Oct., '14. Fell, 
9 Jul., '16. 

Slyfield, William John, Gnr., R.F.A. 

b., 73 Beulah Hill, U. Norwood, 5 Jan., '95 ; s., Wm. George & 
Kate Slyfield, 66a Queen's Rd., U. Norwood. Educ, Wesleyan 
Sch., Eden Rd., W. Norwood. Single. Gardener. Enl., 
12 Apr., '15. D., 5 Nov., '17, at 10 Gen. Hosp., Rouen,' of 
wounds reed, at Passchendaele, 29 Oct., '17. (Plate XXV., 5). 

Smee, Arthur Joseph, Lt., Wilts. Regt. (attd. R.A.F.) 

h., S. Norwood, 4 Feb., '95 ; s., Joseph & Anne M. Smee, 
7 Whitworth Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch., 
Croydon, Strand Sch., & King's Coll., Lond. Single. Marine 
insurance clerk. Enl. as pte. in U.P.S. Bde., Sept., '14 ; served, 
France, Jun.-Sept., '16, where he was zo. ; Macedonia, Jan.- 
Dec, '17, & Egypt, Jan.-Sept., '18. Killed in aeroplane accident 
at Shoreham, Sussex, 28 Oct., '18. 

Smethurst, Cyril Valentine, L/Cpl., H.A.C. 

b., 14 Feb., '80 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. George Smethurst. " Home- 
stead," Lewis Rd., Streatham. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '90-93. 
Fell, '17. 

Smethurst, Frederick Howard, ist CI. W.O., R.A.S.C. 

b., " Homestead," Streatham Common, 23 May, '89 ; s., George 
& Sophia Matilda Smethurst, " Highfield," Tring, Herts. 
Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Married. Buyer of stores and 
engineer to G.W. Rly. of Brazil, & Gen. Manager, Rly. Accessories 
Co., Lond. Res., 28 Egerton Gardens, Hendon, N.W. Enl., 
Oct., '16. D. as the result of an accident whilst in the execution 
of his duty, 17 Aug., '-. 

Smith, -, L/Col., 10 R.Fus. (City of Lond.) 
Fell, '16. 

Smith, A., Pte. 

b., '96. EmpL by Croydon Corp. Tramways. Enl., Aug., '14. 
D. of wounds, 19 Dec, '14. 

Smith, A. 

Educ, Ecclesbourne Rd. Sch., Croydon. D. of wounds reed, 
at Mons. Oct., '14. 

Smith, Alfred G., Sgt., R.W.S. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Smith, 4 Dickenson's PI., Woodside. Educ, 
Woodside Sch., Croydon. Single. Labourer. £•«/., 3 Mar., '13; 
went to France, Aug., '14 ; w., Oct., '14 ; ret. to France, Oct., '15. 
D., 3 May, '16, of gas poisoning, contracted on 30 Apr., '16. 

Smith, A. H., 201949, Gnr., R.F.A. 
Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 

Smith, A. S., 15128, Gnr., R.F.A. 

Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '17. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 389 

Smith, Albert Edward George, 301437, L/Sgt., 13 Tank Corps. 

b., 28 Albion St., Croydon, 5 Nov., '92 ; s., George William & 
Emily PhcEbe Smith, 126 Handcroft Rd., Croydon. Educ. 
Mitcham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Married. Grocer's asst. 
Res., 28 Albion St., Croydon. Enl., 7 Nov., '14. Fell, Kemmel 
Hill (?), 25 Apr., '18. 
Smith, Alec Kenneth, Pte., 13 Lond. Regt. 

b., '98 ; y.s., Mr. & Mrs. F. Smith, 26 Crowther Rd., S. Norwood, 
Fell, Neuve Chapelle, 12 Mar., '15. 
Smith, Arthur, Pioneer, R.E. 

b., '95 ; ^nd s., Mr. & Mrs. Charles Smith, 54 Northbrook Rd., 
Croydon. Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single, 
Carman, empl. by Mr. Clifford, Mayo Rd., Croydon. Enl. as 
driver in R.F.A., i Sept., '14 ; went to France, 5 Jul., '15. 
Accidentally killed, 5 Oct., '17. 
Smith, Arthur Donald Thornton, Capt., K.R.R.C. 

b., '92 ; V.S., Rev. & Mrs. E. Thornton Smith, of Bromley. 
Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., Croydon, & Univ. Coll. Sch., Hampstead. 
Joined Inns of Court O.T.C., Nov., '15 ; commis., Aug., '16 ; 
went to France, 2 Oct., '16 ; D.S.O., May, '17. Fell nr. 
Langemarck, 16 Aug., '17, 
Smith, Charles Alfred, Gnr., 70 Bde., R.F.A. 

h., Croydon, 30 Jun., '80 ; e.s., late Mr.. & Mrs. S. A. Smith, 
so Selhurst New Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, St. James' Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Decorator. Enl., Aug., '14. Fell, 
Albert, 27 Jan., '17. 
Smith, Douglas Bradley, Pte., B Coy., 8 Platoon, 8 R. Fus. 

b., 15 Nov., '80 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Smith, 3 Woodstock Rd., 
Croydon. Educ, Univ. Coll., Lond. Insurance secretary. 
Res., Paris. Enl., '15. Missing, between Le Sars & Guedecourt, 
7 Oct., '16. 
Smith, E., 9100, Rflmn., K.R.R.C. 

Res., Croydon. Fell, '17. 
Smith, Ernest H.\mmond, Cpl., S.W.B. 

b., Tadworth, 5 Nov., '89 ; s., late E. W., & F. E. Smith, Tadworth, 
Surrey. Educ, Reigate. Married. Clerk. Res., 102 Oval 
Rd., Croydon. E}d., 22 Jan., '16. Fell, Gouzeaucourt, France, 
12 Sept., '18. 
Smith, Francis Leonard, Cpl., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Queen's St., Croydon, '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Ernest Smith, 5 
Wandle Rd., Croydon. Educ, St. Andrew's Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Enl., 3 Sept., '14 ; w., 3 times. D., 25 Dec, '15, at 
Bethune, of wounds reed, at Givenchy, prev. day. 
Smith, Frank Rodwell, Pte., 23 Lond. Regt. 

b., S. Hackney, Dec, '94 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Smith, 43 Park Lane, 
Wallington. Educ, Upper Tooting High Sch. Single, 
Insurance clerk. i?ei., 46 Alexandra Rd., Addis. Enl., Sept,,' i^ 
Fell, Givenchy, France, 29 May, '15. (Plate XXVI., 6). 
Smith, Frank W. Howard, Lt., Lond. Regt. 

b., '83. Married. Master at Dering PI. Counc Sch., Croydon, 
from '06. Res., 55 Temple P>.d., Croydon. Joined, May, '15. 
D., 4 Dec, '17, at Rouen, of gas poisoning, contracted at Bourlon 
Wood. 
Smith, Frederick Charles, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Croydon, 4 Jan., '73 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Smith, 103 St, James' 
Rd., Croydon. Educ, Brit. Sch., Croydon. Married. Sign 
writer. Enl., 2g Sept., '14.. Z). at 5 CCS. , France, 4 Feb., '16. 
Smith, Frederick Granville Walker, 2/Lt., Lond. Regt. 

b., '85. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Married. D., in France, 
21 Dec, '17, of wounds reed. 4 weeks prev. at Cambrai. 



390 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Smith, Frederick Stanley, Cpl., R.A.S.C. 

b., T. Heath, i8 Nov., '91 ; znd s., Charles William & Mary 
Smith, 49 Bridge Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Sydenham Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Married. Prudential Insurance agent. Res., 
16 York Rd., Brentford. EjiI., Apr., '15 ; served in France, 
May-Nov., '15 ; with M.E.F., Nov., '15-May, '16. D. of 
dysentery at the Can. Mil Hosp., Salonica, 16 May, '16. 

Smith, F. W., 204534, Pte., Lond. Regt. 
Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '17. 

Smith, G., 2168, L/Cpl., Glo'ster. Regt. 
Res., W. Croydon. Fell, '16. 

Smith, Geoffrey Harold, 2/Lt., Northants. Regt. 

b.. May, '96. Ediic, Whitgift G. Sch. Associated with St, 
George's Mission Ch. Enl. in Artists Rif. O.T.C., '14. Fell, 
Jul., '17. 

Smith, Godfrey Bradley, Lt., R.A.M.C. 

b., 29 Sept., '86 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Smith, 3 Woodstock Rd., 
Croydon. Educ, Univ. Coll. Sch., Bedford. Single. Doctor 
(M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P.). Res., Croydon. Joined, '15. Lost 
with the " Arcadian," torpedoed in the Aegean Sea, 15 Apr., '17. 

Smith, H., Essex Regt. 

Married. Fireman. Served 8 yrs. with Essex Regt., mostly 
in India. D. of wounds, '15. 

Smith, Hamlyn Jago, 556987, Signaller, Q.W. Rif. (16 Lond, Regt.) 
b., 26 Jul., '99 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. D. Smith, 14 Shrewsbury Rd., 
Redhill. f^/wc, Bethany House, Goudhurst, Institute S.Louis, 
Brussels, & Whitgift G. Sch. Single. Clerk. Res., Redhill, 
formerly at Croydon. Enl., Aug., '17. Fell nr. Bapaume, 
9 Aug.,''i8. (Plate XXIV., 2). 

Smith, Harold William, L/Cpl., i HA.C. 

s., Mr. W. Smith, 34 Farnley Rd., S. Norwood. Enl., Aug., '15. 
Fell, nr. Beaucourt Farm, Grandecourt, 8 Feb., '17. Buried, 
Queen's Cem., Bucquoy. 

Smith, James, Gnr., R.F.A. 

e.s., Mr. & Mrs. Smith, 18 Pawson's Rd., Croydon. D. in India, 
after 6 yrs. service abroad, 21 Apr., '16. 

Smith, James, 206343, Rfimn., R.B. 

b., '72. Married ; 5 children. Res., 119 Boston Rd., Croydon, 
Memb. of Nat. Res., R.W.S. Regt. D. of cholera at Sialkot, 
India, 28 Aug., '17. 

Smith, James Frederick, Pte., 2 Essex Regt 

b., Croydon, 11 May, '- ; znd s., Mr. & Mrs. George Smith, 
23 Beulah Grove, Croydon. Educ., Princess Rd. Sch., Croydon, 
Married ; 5 children. Labourer, empl. by Croydon Corp. 
Res., 23 Beulah Grove, Croydon. Enl., 15 Jun., '16. D., 11 
May, '17, at a CCS. in France, of wounds reed, same day. 

Smith, P., L/Cpl., Australian I.F. 
Fell, '16. 

Smith, Richard H., 1054, Pte., 6 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '94. Educ., Par. Ch. Sch., Crovdon. Eid., 9 Sept., '14. 
Fell, 4 Oct., '16. 

Smith, Robert Vernon, L/Cpl., 10 R. Fus. 

b., about '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. M. P. Smith, 100 Oakfield Rd., 
Croydon. Educ, Royal Brit. Sch., Slough. Empl. by Messrs. 
Newman, Smith & Newman, Newgate St., Lond., '06-09 ; ^t^^ hy 
Messrs. Rata, Turner & Atkinson, Old Bailey, Lond., '09-14. 
Enl., Aug., '14 ; trained at Colchester, Andover & Windmill Hill 
Camp, Salisbury Plain; left for France, 31 Jul., '15; L/cpl., 
Mar., '16. Fell, Pozieres, 15 Jul., '16. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 391 

Smith, Rupert Castle-, Pte., Aust.I.F. 

b., '91 ; znds., Mr & Mrs. Pering Castle-Smith, 5 Park Hill Rise, 
Croydon. Fell, France, 11 Apr., '17. 

Smith, S. P., Lt., i Cheshire Regt. 

Edtic, High Sch., Croydon. Fell, '16. 

Smith, S.G., Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

Res., 32 Pridham Rd. E., T. Heath. Mobilised, Aug., '14 ; 
served in India, Oct., '14-16 May, '16, when he ret., time expired ; 
re-enlisted, May, '16 ; went to France, 13 Jan., '17. Fell, 
23 Apr., '17. 

Smith, Sidney George, 2/Lt., 200 M.G.C. 

b., S. Hackney ; s., Mr. S: Mrs. Smith, 43 Park Lane, Wallington. 
Educ, Upper Tooting High Sch. Single. Insurance clerk. 
Res., 46 Alexandra Rd., Addis. Enl. as pte., Aug., '14. Fell, 
France, 31 Mar., '18. (Plate XXVI., 4). 

Smith, W. A., L/Cpl., 2 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '92 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Smith, 50 Selhurst New Rd., S. Norwood. 

Educ, St. James' Sch., Croydon. Electrician. Fell, Loos, 

25 Sept., '15. 
Smith, W. H., Driver. R.F.A. 

h., '96; s., Mr. & Mrs. Smith, 18 Pawson's Rd., Croydon. 

Enl., '14. D. of pneumonia, France, 25 Feb., '19. 

Smith, William Alexander, Pte., 1/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b.. Church St., Crovdon, 18 Nov., '76 ; s., James & Ellen Smith, 
12 Leighton St. E., Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Painter. Served in S.A. War. Mobilised 
with Territorials, 2 Aug., '14. D., 17 Dec, '15, at Calaba 
Station Hosp., Bombay, of wounds reed, at Ctesiphon, 22-24 
Nov., '15. 

Smorthwaite, Reginald. 6606, Rflmn., Q.W. Rif. (r/i6 Lond, Regt.) 
Educ, Ecclesbourne Rd. Sch., Croydon., and M. Whitgift Sch. 
Missing, 18 Sept., '16. 

Snelgrove, Henry John, Rflmn., Lond. Regt. 

b., '97 ; s., John & Ellen Snelgrove, 10 Thirsk Rd., S. Norwood. 
Enl. in R.W.S. Regt., Oct., '14 ; went to France with Lond. Regt., 
Aug., '16 ; w., Jul., '17. Fell, 30 Nov., '17. 

Snelgrove, H. D. B., 2/Lt., R.F.C. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Chemist. Res., America. Enl., 'id. 
Missing, presumed killed in an air fight, '17. 

Somerscales, E. C, Pte., Wilts. Regt. 

b., '71 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Somerscales, 58 Pemdevon Rd., 

Croydon. D. of fever in India, 25 Sept., '16. 
Songhurst, G., Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

Married ; 4 children. Res., 21 Salisbury Rd., Woodside. 

Went to France, Sept., '16 ; w., Oct., '16 ; ret. to France, 

Sept., '17 ; saw service in Italy. D. of wounds, 21 Oct., '18. 

SoPER, W. H., 201700, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 
Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '17 

SoRRELL, W. P., 201683, Pte., 8 R.W.S. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Sorrell, 7 Union Rd., Croydon. Taken pris., 

21 Mar., '18. Last heard of, 8 Oct., '18. 
South, William Harry. 

e.s., Mr. & Mrs. South, 4 Mead PI., Crovdon. D. in France, 

16 Jul., '18. 



392 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Spark, Frank Evans, Rflmn., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

b., 4 Dec, '84 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Francis John Spark. Educ, 
Whitgift G. Sch., '95-02, and Barnet G. Sch. Fell, nr. Ypres, 
May, '15. 

Sparkes, E., 12133, Pte., R.W. Kent Regt. 
Res., Croydon. D. of wounds, '17. 

Sparks, Ernest, Pte., E. Kent Regt. 

y.s., Mr. & Mrs. George Sparks, late of S. Croydon. Married. 
Res., 28 Warren Rd., Addis. Enl., 16 Aug., '16. D., 16 Jun.,'17, 
of wounds reed. prev. day. 

Sparks, F. E., Rflmn., L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '95-98, Fell, Flanders, '15. 

Spearing, W., 12309, Pte., R. Fus. 
Res., Addis. Fell, '17. 

Spencer, Frank Sidney, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 24 Grange Pk., T. Heath, 27 Jan., '- ; s., Mr. & Mrs. 
Spencer, 55 Sidney Rd., S. Norwood. Educ, Birchanger Rd. 
Sch., S. Norwood. Single. House decorator. Enl., 26 Aug., 
'14. D., 2 Sept., '15, at 21 Gen. Hosp., Alexandria, of wounds 
reed, at Dardanelles, 29 Aug., '15. 

Spencer, George Douglas, Pte., Lanes. Fus. 

b., Islington, 7 Oct., '85 ; s., Mr. & Mrs, Spencer, Laud St., 
Croydon. Married. Billiard-cue maker. i?e5., 134 Pemdevon 
Rd., Croydon. Enl., 5 Jun., '16. Fell, Beaumont-Hamel, 
France, 23 Nov., '16. 

Spencer, Richard Martin, 2/Lt., i R. Warwick. Regt. 

b., Putney, '94 ; y s., late Ernest Nelson Spencer, formerly of 
Croydon and Hounslow, and Mrs. Fitzjames, 17 St. Martin's 
Rd., Knowle. Educ, Elmhurst Sch., Croydon, & St, Paul's, 
Joined, '14. Fell, France, 22 Jan., '16. 

Spencer, Sidney Charles, 7489, Cpl., 11 R. Fus. 

b., T, Heath ; s., Mr. & Mrs. K. Spencer, 8 Boston Rd., Croydon, 
Enl., 7 Sept., '14. Fell, 10 Aug., '17. 

Spice, T., 351606, Pte., Lond. Regt. 
Res., W. Croydon. FeU, '17. 

Spicer, Robert William, Capt., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 25 Nov., '15 ; e.s., Mr. & Mrs. R. W. Spicer, " Chartleigh," 
S. Croydon. Educ, Oxford House Sch., Croydon, St, 
Edmund's, Canterbury, & Whitgift G. Sch., 'lo-ii, where he 
was memb. of O.T.C. Enl. in Artists Rif., proceeding to France 
with them, Oct., '14 ; gazetted to R.W.S,, and promoted capt., 
Jul., '15. Fell, 26 Mar., '17. 

Spicer, Stanley Thomas, Lt., S. Staff. Regt 

b., Catford, 4 Apr., '90 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Spicer, Sharnford, nr. 
Hinckley, Leicestershire. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Single. Clerk 
in Colombo (Ceylon) offices of Cook's Tourist Agency, Res., 
29 Farnley Rd., S. Norwood. Enl. as rflmn. in R.B., Dec, '14 ; 
commis, in S. Staff. Regt., '15 ; went to France, Jan., '16, 
D., 9 Aug., '16, of wounds reed, at Trones Wood, France, the 
prev. day. 

Spurgin, H. T., 3311, Pte., R. Suss. Regt, 
Fell, '16. 

Stables, L. T. D., Lt., Beds. Regt. (attd. Northants. Regt.) 

b.,'gi; 2nd s., Mr. W. W. G. Stables, M.R.C.S., 5 Auckland Rd., 
U. Norwood. Educ, St, Olave's, Lond, Empl. in office of 
Publ. Trustee. Enl. in 25 Lond, Regt. (Cyclists) ; commis. 
(posted to 6 Beds, Regt.), 25 Oct., '16 ; w., Arras, 23 Apr., '17 ; 
ret, to France, 25 Sept., '18. Fell, 23 Oct., '18, 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 393 

Stacey, Arthur Horris, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

Res., 89 Queen's Rd., Croydon. Enl., '15. Fell, 26 Apr., '15. 

Stacey, Gerald Arthur, Maj., Lond. Regt. 

b., '82 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Crosley, U. Norwood. D.S.O. Fell, 
II Oct., '16. 

Stacey, John Harold, Lt., R.F.C. 

Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Fell, Oct., '18. 

Stagey, John James, 6252, Pte., Lond. Scottish (14 Lond. Regt.) 

b., Caterham, 22 Nov., '87 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Stacey, 61 Beacons- 
field Rd., Croydon. Educ., Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Writer and Grainer. Enl., 9 Dec, '15. D., 11 Jul., '16, 
at Etretat, France, of wounds reed, at Gommecourt Wood, 
I Jul., '16. 

Staelman, Pharailda. 

b., Belgium, '54, Widow. Res., 163 St. James' Rd., Croydon. 
D. from shock during Zeppelin raid, Oct., '15. 

Stanley, Frederick Edward, Pte., 9 E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Slough, Bucks., 10 Jul., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Stanley, "Rylands," 
Gibson's Hill, U. Norwood. Educ, Rockmount Rd. Sch., 
U. Norwood. Single. Grocer's asst. Res., 66a Queen's Rd., 
U. Norwood. Enl., q Sept., '14. Fell, Neuve Eglisp, France, 
14 Jul., '16. (Plate XXX., 4). 

Stanley, W., 6606, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 
Res., Croydon. D. of wounds. 

Stannard, C. H. Stanley, Cpl., R. Fus. 

b., '97 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Stannard, 61 Zion Rd., T. Heath. Educ, 
Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath, & Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon. 
Empl. by Westminster Gas Co. Enl., May, '15 ; served in 
France, Jul., '15-Oct., '17. Fell, 4 Oct., '17. 

Steadman, James William Gilbert, Musician, R.N. 

b., Walmer, Kent, 8 Jul., '91 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Steadman, 89 
Newlands Rd., Norbury. Educ, Walmer, Kent. Single. 
Joined, '06 (?) Lost with H.M.S. " Queen Mary," 31 May, '16. 

Steel, Douglas G., Capt., 3 Suff. Regt. 

h., '95 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Steel, Lond. Rd., T. Heath. Educ, 
Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon. Single. Clerk. M.C. Enl. in 
Middlesex Regt., Sept., '14. Fell, '16. 

Steele, Frank George, Pte., D.C.L.L 

b., Croydon, 27 Mar., '95 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Alfred Steele, 60 
Arundel Rd., Croydon. Educ, Boro. Sec. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Clerk. Enl., Aug., '14. D., 6 Apr., '16., at 19 C.C.S., 
of wounds reed. prev. day. 

Steele, Rollo Peter, Pte., E. Sur. Regt. 

b., Fillebrooke Rd., Leytonstone, 22 Apr., '95 ; s., Philip Richard 
& Ethel Gertrude Steele, 58 Croham Rd., Croydon. Educ, 
St. Dunstan's Coll., Catford. Single. Clerk in Royal Exchange 
Assurance Corporation. Res., Harcourt Mans., Croydon Rd., 
Anerley. Enl., 21 Jan., '16. E'ell, Bazentin-le-petit, France, 
14 Jul., '16. 

Steer, William George, Sick Berth Steward, R.N. 

b., W. Croydon, 2 Jun., '88 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. J. H. Steer, 15 
Stanley Grove, Croydon. Educ, St. Saviour's Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Joined, 25 Jul., '06 ; with H.M.S. " Medina " on the 
Indian Coronation Tour, '11-12 ; served for 4^ yrs. at Bighi 
Hosp., Malta; on H.M.S. " Latona," Sept., ''14-Mar., '15 
Killed by explosion on H.M.S. " Princess Irene," 27 May, '15. 
(Plate XXVI [., i). 

Stemp, L. F., Capt., R.F.A. 

Educ, Whitgift G. Sch. Missing, '18, 



394 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Stepan, Percy Reginald, Pte., R. Fus. 

b., '93. Res., 5 Fairholme Mans., Croydon. Fell, 15 Jul., '16. 

Stevens, Arthur Ernest, Sapper, Can. Engineers. 

b., Seaford, 22 May, '87 ; s., late Mr.,& Mrs. Stevens, 24 Hathaway 
Rd., Croydon, Ediic, Brit., S: St. Saviour's Schs., Croydon. 
Married ; 2 children. Plumber. Res., Vancouver, B. C. 
Enl. about '15. Fell, France, 13 Jan., '18. 

Ste^/ens, Arthur William, Pte., 1/4 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., Lond., II Mav, '96 ; s., Arthur William & Caroline Stevens 
6 Fridge Rd., T. Heath. Educ, St. Thomas's Sch., Orchard St.' 
Portman Sq., W. Single. Stockbroker's clerk. Enl!, 
12 Aug., '14. D., 10 Apr., '16, at Colaba Hosp., Bombay, of 
wounds reed, at Ctesiphon, 22-23 Nov., '15. (Plate XXIII., 3) . 

Stevens, Charles H., 554401, Sapper, R.E. 

b., '86 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Edward Stevens, 5 Epsom Rd., Croydon. 
Enl., Apr., '16. Fell, Monchy, nr. Arras, Oct., '17 ; buried, 
Monchy. 

Stevens, F. G., Lt., R.W.S. Regt. 

Res., 3 Parson's Mead, Croydon. Enl. as pte., 14 Sept., '14 ; 
went to France, Jun., '15 ; zv., Festuhert, Jan., '16 ; ret. to 
France as sgt.. May, '16 ; commis., Sept., '16 ; M.M.. Somme, 
'16 (bestowed on mother by Mayor of Croydon & Col. Thompson, 
at Town Hall, Croydon, Apr., '18). Fell, Apr., '17. 

Stevens, G. H., 30032, Pte., Beds. Regt. 
Res., S. Norwood. Fell, '17. 

Stevens, H. H., Pte., Cameron H. 

6., '81. Married; 2 children. i?e5., 9 Newhaven Rd., S. Nor- 
wood. Helped to start Croydon Common Football Club. 
Enl., May, '16. D. from exposure, France, 23 Dec, '17. 

Stevens, James Alfred, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

b., 5 Nasebv Rd., U. Norwood, 10 Oct., '94 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. 
Stevens, 5 Naseby Rd., U. Norwood. Educ, Rockmount Rd, 
Sch., U. Norwood. Single. Labourer. Enl., 17 Apr., '16. 
Fell, France, 28 Sept., '16. 

Stevens, Joseph Samuel, Rflmn., Civil Serv. Rif. (15 Lond. Regt.) 

b., 132 Commercial Rd., Peckham ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Stevens, 
3 Drover's Rd., Croydon. Educ, Par. Ch. Sch., Croydon. 
Single. Clerk. Enl., 1 Feb., '16. Fell, Ypres, 10 Apr., 'i8. 

Stevens, Leonard S., Rflmn., Lond. Irish Rif. (18 Lond. Regt.) 

b., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Edward Stevens, 5 Epsom Rd., Croydon, 
Enl., Aug., '14. Fell, Festuhert, 4 May, '15 ; buried, Festubert, 
(Plate XXVIII., i). 

Stevens, Sidney Frederick, Sgt., 2 R. Fus. 

b., 124 Windmill Rd., Croydon, 23 Aug., '87 ; s., late George, 
& Matilda Stevens, 114 Windmill Rd., Croydon. Educ., 
Sydenham Rd. Sch., Croydon. Single. Painter. Enl. about 
'05 ; Delhi Durbar Med. Fell, France, 20 Sept., '16. 

Stevenson, George, L/Cpl., M.G.C. 

b., '93. Educ, Beulah Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Married ; i son. 

Res., 40 Northwood Rd., T. Heath. D. of wounds, 15 Sept., '17. 
STEV^:ARD, Morris, Pte., R.W.S. Regt. 

s., Mr. & Mrs. Steward, 14 Whitgift St., Croydon. Gardener, 

empl. by Mr. Frank Lloyd, Croydon. Enl., Aug., '14. D. of 

wounds, 6 Oct., '16. 

Stevv'ard, Reginald, L.R.B. (5 Lond. Regt.) 

Educ, High Sch., Croydon. D. of wounds, 23 Jul., '17. 



THE GLORIOUS DEAD 395 

Stewart, Douglas Alexander, 2/Lt., Cheshire Regt. 

b., 2 Nov., '89 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Joseph Stewart, 13 Chepstow Rd., 
Croydon. Educ, Whitgift G. Sch., '01-07. Enl. as pte. in 
Lond. Scottish before war ; D.C.M., awarded while cpl. in Lond. 
Scottish, Jul., '15 ; Russian medal of St. George, 4th cl. Fell, 
9 Jul., '16. 

Stewart, Ernest George, A.B. Seaman, R.N. 

b., Lond., 5 Sept., '96 ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Stewart, Lakemba, nr. 
Sydney, N.S.W. Ediic, Portland Rd. Sch., S. Norwood. 
Single. Sailor. Res., Australia. Joined, Sept., '12. Lost on 
H.M.S. " Egmont," 11 Nov., '17. 

Stewart, George, Pte. 

Late History Master, M. Whitgift Sch. Fell, Nov., '16. 

Stewa^rt, Robert, Pte., R. Fus. 

b., 12 Lahore Rd., Croydon ; s., Mr. & Mrs. Stewart, 85 
Gloucester Rd., Croydon. Educ, Nat. Sch., Croydon. Single. 
Carman. Enl., 6 Mar., '15. Fell, Dardanelles, 29 Aug., '15. 

Still, Willlam George, Pte., 13 R. Suss. Regt. 

b., 3 Victoria Place, Croydon, 31 Dec, '98 ; s., late Mr., & Mrs. 
Still, 3 Victoria PI., Croydon. Educ, St. Andrew's Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Groundsman. Enl., 22 Mar., '17. Fell, 
nr. Kemmel Hill, 26 Apr., '18. 

Stimson, John William, Cpl., R.F.A. 

b., Croydon, 31 Oct., '90 ; s., late Mr. Stimson, & Mrs. Elizabeth 
Weaver, 22 Cuthbert Rd., Croydon. Educ, Mitcham Rd. Sch., 
Croydon. Single. Office boy. Enl., 22 Jan., '09. D., 2 
Mar., '17, of wounds reed, in France prev. day. 

Stirling, John Hunt, Lt., R.F.A. 

6., '05 ; 5.,Mr. & Mrs. John Stirling, "Grangehurst," S.Norwood. 
D. of wounds, 22 Aug., '17. 

Stockbridge, E. a., 203058, Pte., Lond. Regt. 
Fell, '17. 

Stocker, Gerald, Cpl., R.W.S. Regt. 

2nd s., Mr. & Mrs. Stocker, 67 Bensham Man. Rd., T. Heath. 
Educ, Winterbourne Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Single. Enl., 
Aug., '14 ; M.M., Messines, '17. Fell, 6 Jul., '17. 

Stockley, Harry, Cpl., 73 Field Amb., R.A.M.C. 

b., '93. Educ, Boston Rd. Sch., T. Heath. Empl. by Mr. 
Newman, butcher. Lr. Addis. Rd., Croydon. Res., 38 Dominion 
Rd., Croydon. Fell, France, 9 Oct., '18. 

Stone, Richard, Pte., 7 R. Suss. Regt. 

b., Stuart's Rd., Clapham, S.W., 13 Oct., 'or ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. 
Stone, 3 Cotford Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., 
T. Heath. Single. Gas collector. Res., 3 Cotford Rd., 
T. Heath. Enl., 14 Oct., '16 ; served in France 13 months. 
D., 27 Nov., '18, at Crescent Mil. Hosp., Croydon, of pneu- 
monia, contracted while on leave. 

Stone, Sidney John, A.B. Seaman, R.N. 

b., 22 The Drive, T. Heath, 18 Aug., '97 ; 5., Mr. & Mrs. Stone, 
3 Cotford Rd., T. Heath. Educ, Whitehorse Rd. Sch., T. Heath. 
Single. Clerk. Res., 3 Cotford Rd., T. Heath. Joined, 
Sept., '13. Lost with H.M.S. " Clan MacNaughton," off Irish 
Coast, 3 Feb., '15. 

Stoneham, Reginald Percy, Lt., i Notts. & Derby. Regt. 

h., 'qi ; s., Mr. & Mrs. A. W. Stoneham, Tx Brigstock Rd., 
T. Heath. Educ, M. Whitgift Sch. Single. Bank clerk 
(Bank of Bombay). D.C.M. Fell, Hill 60, Ypres, May, '15. 



396 THE CROYDON ROLL OF HONOUR 

Stoneman, George, R.W.S. Regt. 

6., '91 ; s., late Mr. Stoneman, & Mrs. Caroline Fox, 70 Bynes Rd., 
Croydon. Empl. at S. Croydon Stn. D. of wounds, 14 
Jul., '17. 
Strahan, W. E., 9062, Pte., 2 R.W.S. Regt. 

b., '88. Res., Croydon.