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Full text of "Catalogue of plants in the botanical garden. Bangalore, and its vicinity"

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1 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS- 



IN THE 



/ 



; BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALORE,: 



ANP :'T,s viciNrrT. 



.iKOCN'D EDITIOM". 



PREPARED BY 

.T'JHl-r ' AMEKON, F. L. S. 






5 



BANG A LORF: 

1S91. 



/> Price One Rupee. 






.«^ 



■" 








THE 






JOHN • CRAIG 






LIBRARY 






COLLEGE 






OF 






AGRICULTURE 




^ 




^ 



WEW YCIK STATE 

COLLEGE OF AG-'ISL'LTUPE, 

DEPARTMENT CF llOriiCULTURE, 

CORNELL 1)N"'ER3ITY, 

JTHACA, N. Y. 



Cornell Unlveratty Library 
QK 73.B21C3 1891 



Catalogue of plants in the botanical gar 
3 1924 000 622 252 ^ 



aia 

i 



(Si WW 

\0\ \lsUf/ 



Cornell University 
Library 



The original of tliis book is in 
tine Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924000622252 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS 



IN THE 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALORE, 



AND ITS VICINITY. 



SECOND EDITION. 



PREPARED BT 

JOHN CAMERON, F, L. S., 
Suiter intenden t. 







PRINTED AT THE MYSORE GOVERNMENT CENTRAL TRESS L'ANGALOKE. 

1891. 

Price One Rnpee. 



PREFACE. 



The first edition of this Catalogue, publiehe J eleven years ago, 
has in the Sscond Edition now ofiered to the public been largely' 
augmented in genera, species, and descriptive .det^iil. Though not 
exhaustive of ornamental exotics in cultivation, or of weeds in the 
field, the Catalogue inay in other respects be considered tolerably 
complete up to date. It contains '3,222 named species and 
varieties against 2,020 published in the original list of 1880. The 
work maintains its former character generally, and with the ad- 
ditional indexes appended, it is hoped that those who are not 
conversant with scientific terms,may.be able to discover a fair pro- 
portion of the proper names of plants ; and hence a knowledge of 
their affinities and uses, as described by many authors. To facili- 
tate the -determination of local species, nearly 800 Kanarese 
names have been entered, and type specimens of Natural Orders 
have mostly been preferred from plants with vemaicular apppl- 
lations. Many of these local, names are published for the first 
time, and as the subject is one of some obscurity, the Compiler 
trusts that errors will be leniently dealt with. The credit attach- 
ing to ,the vernacular wo:^k falls to Siddapur Davannah, the 
plant collector who reported the greater part of the names, and to 
M. Krishnaswamy Chetty, the writer who revised and tabulated 
the same. 

The diagnostic characters attached to each Natural Order, 
and other abridged details^ such as the approximate color of the 
flower, are only intended to guide the student to a fuller des- 
cription in standard works of Systematic Botany. Of the latter. 
Sir Joseph Hooker's great work " The Flora of British India " 
will, when completed, be the standard text. ' 

Bangalore is situa,ted in 12 ° 57' 37" North latitude and 77 ° 
•36' 56" East longitude, at an undulating elevation of 3,000 to 
' 3,100 feet. The average rainfall for the year is 35 inches, but ■ 
there is along dry season extending v from December till May 
when a great variety of trees, shrubs, and ierbs are ripened into 
a condition of fertility and subsequent ySeed-bearing. The three 
principal ga,rdens of Southern India,<Madras, Bangalore, and 
Ootacamund, are properly situated to r)6present, respectively, the 
tropical, sub-tropical, and alpine conditions of the South Indian i 
climate, and plants from any part of the peninsula will usually 
succeed in one or other of them. 

The eafly history of the Lal-Bagh— Red Garden — ^is wrapped 
in some obscurity, but it is known to have been a prolific fruit gar- 
den during the time of Hyder Ali, and seems to have maihtained the 



u 

Bamo function until long after the fallofTippn Sultan. The tank- 
bund ^as originally constructed by forced labor, but was after- 
wards greatly improved during-the-incumbenny of Mr. William New, 
the first pjjofegsional Superintendent of the gardens. During the 
Htter part of Tippu's rule, and for nearly' half the present century, 
the Lal-Bagh was supervised by' two Muhammadan Darogahs, 
father and son. The former, Mahomed Ali, seems to have been in- 
vested with considerable powers, and was able to do a great deal for 
his charge ; but Abdul Khader, the son, had limited action and the 
garden became an ill-kept jungle of fruit trees. Of the latter, some 
unique specimens of Mangifera indica still adorn the grounds. In 
1836, the Chief Commissioner of Mysore, Sir Mark Cubb3n, made 
over the Lal-Bagh to an Agri-Horticultural Society, which was then 
formed for the first time at Bangalore. But on the dissolution 
of the Society in 1842, or six years later, the property was restored 
to Government, and has remained in its possession up to the pre- 
sent time. Dr. Hugh Cleghorn, and Mr. Jaffray (Superintendent 
of the Gardens at Msidra's) visited the Lal-Bagh in July 1856, and 
on the recommendation of these officers, it was established, in the 
following year, as the Governriient Horticultural Gardeps. Mr. New- 
arrived from Kew, and took charge of the gardens in April 1858. 
Ill December, 1863, he resigned the office and was succeeded 
by another Kew man, Mr. A. A. Black. He, unfortunately, was; 
in poor health, and on his resignation in October 1865, Mr. New 
was re-appbinted, and held office until his death in August 
18V3. Since the Rendition of the Province in 1881, the Institution 
has been maintainted by the Mysore Statej His Highness' Govern- 
ment have shown much solicitude for the improvement of the' 
gardens, which now cover an area of about • 100 acres. 

A large conservatory,' the foundation ston6 of which was laid 
by His Eoyal Highness Prince Albert Victor of Wales, on the 
30th November 1889, has recently been cons'tracted at a cost of: 
Rs: 76,000. 

The following is a list of the officials who have had executive-' 
chargp of the Lil-Bagh from the time of Tippu : — 

Mahomed Ali, Darogah. 7 For more than half a cen- 

Abdul Khader. do. ) ttiry. 

Serjeant Tomkins ? Overseer. About six years. 

Maistry Hedra Lall. 1 year. 

Mr. Willjiam New, Superintendent. 5 years. 
Mr. A. A. Black. „ 1 year and 10 months. 

Mr. William New. . „ Nearly 8 years. 

Mr. M. W. Walker, assisted by 7 Acting Superintendent for 
Maistry RamanniaJti. y 6 months. 

ThiB''^sent Superintendent took over charge in March 1874. 

J. C. 



Glossaiy of the principal terms used 
in the following text. 



Accrescent- — Mostly applied to the enlargement of the caJyx 
when the Other parts of "the flower have decayed; 

AchlamydeOUS— Without an enWope, when the sexes have 
no covering. 

AnisomarOUS-— Want of symmetry in the flower. 

Anthsr- — Th? terminal part of a stamen containing the pollen 
grains. 

Bsrry. — A suocnlent and indehisc^nt^fruit such as the grape. 

HrSlCt- — A minute leaf at the base 'of a flower-hud. ' 

Calyx- — The outer whorl (envelope) of a flower, usually colored 
green. 

Capitate- — Having a rounded head. 

Carpel- — The modified leaf which forms the pistil, or contri- 
butes to its formation.^ 

Carpophore- — The stalk of a fruit. 

Catkin.' — A -slender drooping inflorescence, somewhat resembling 
a cats tail. 

Clavate- — Formed like a club. 

CoCCnS- — A dehiscent (free) carpel containing one seed. 

Compound- — Of niore than one piece, applied to divided 
leaves having pinnate, digitate, or pedate leaflets. 

Cone-t — The,8caly fruit of a pine or fir tree. 

Coriaceous-— Leathery.- , 

Corolla- — The inner envelope of a flower, "usually the most - at- 
tractive part.. 

Corona- — A rayed or cup-like whorl situated within the co- 
rolla 

Cyme- — a form of inflorescence, being a flattened and centri- 
fugal panicle. 

PecidUOUS- — Falling off, applied to sufth plants aa shed 
their leaves annually. . ,, ..^; 

Dehiscent-— Splitting open, as in the case of many hard fruits. 



lY 

Dicotyledon. — A'great division of plants having two cotyle- 
dons in the seed, as in the pea. 

DidynamoUS- — Having two long and two short stamens. 

DiCBCioUS-— Having male flowers exclusively on one plant and 
female flowers exclusively upon another. 

Discoid. — In the'form of a disc, a circular cushion with a<thin, 

fiat, or convex surface. 
Drape — -A stored fruit like the mango, and peach. 

Entire. — ^When the margin of a leaf is uniformly rounded and 
nowhere indented. 

Epipliyte. — ^A plani gfowing upon another plant but deriving 
its nourishment; independently; many orchids are epiphy- 
tes. 

Filament. — The stalk of a stamen. 

Pollicle.-^A capsular form of fruit dehiscing by the ventral 

suture. 

Free. — Solitary, not united. 

Fruit- — The seed-vessel of a plant. 

Fusiform. — Spindle-shaped.and tapering at both ends. 

GamopetaloUS.— Having the petals wholly or partially united. 

Geminate^ — Produced in pairs; 

Gland. — A wart-like swelling found on some plants. . 

Glume. — The dry scaly leaves that subseciuently become the 
husk of corii and other grains. 

GymnOSperm. — Applied to such plants as produce naked 
ovules and seeds. 

GynandrOUS. — ^Saving the stamens and pistil on the same 
axis, (column) as in the Orchidese. 

Gynophore. — The stalk of an ovary. 

Hermaphrodite. — Haviflg both sexes within a single flower. 

HypOgynoUS. — Having the stamens inserted upon the recepta- 
cle below the pistil. 

Imbricate. — Having the parts overlaying each other like the 
scales of a cone. ■ ' • 

InCOmpletse. — ^Denoting the absence of a floral envelope. 

Indefinite. — UnlimiCed and irregular iii number, 

Introrse- — Anther opening towards the pistil. 

Inferior. — When one organ is placed under another, but has 
special reference to the relative position of calys and 
pistil; the opposite of superior. 



InVOlUCra. — 'A whorl of small leaves at the base of an inflores- 
cence, as Tinder the 'flower head' in Compoiitaa. 

Irregular- — Parts of the flower being unequal in form and size. 

ISOmeroUS- — ^When each whorl of the flower is composed of an 
equal number of parts. 

Lsgume- — --A. fruit of the Leguminosae, a pea pod. 
Membranous- — Thin, and more or less transparent. 
Moiiad.elph.OUS-— Having the filaments united into a staminal 
tube around the style, as in Malvaceae. 

MonOChlamydeOUS- — ^When the perianth is single. 
Monocotyledon- — ^A. great division of plants having but one 
seed-lobe, (cotyle ion) as in the passes. 

Monoecious- — When unisexual fiowers are borne together on 
the same individual. 

Node- — The point on a shoot where the lea,f is given off, the 
intervening spaces being called internpdes. 

Opposite- — Applied mostly to leaves when two are given off 

from a single node, and opposite to each other. 
O '/ary. — The lower part of the pistil containing the ovules. 
OVuIb- — The embryo seed. 
Pandurifonn- — Shaped like a fiddle. 
Panicle- — A branching inflorescence, resembling^ that of com, 

and the mango tree. 
Parasite-— -A plant that gr,ow3 and lives upon another plant. 
Parietal- — His reference to the position of the placenta within 

the ovary -^ 
Pedicel- — The final stalk of an inflorescence which supports a 

single flower. 
Peduncle- — The primary stalk of an inflorescence, or the stalk of 

a solitary flower. 
Persistent- — ^Usually applied to the calyx when it adheres to 

- the fruit. 
Petal- — A part of the corolla. 
Petiole- — The stalk of a leaf. 
Pinnate- — ^A 'feathered leaf (compound.) 
Pistil, — The female organ of the flower. 
Placenta- — That part of the carpel which bears thd ovule, 
PolyadelpllOUS' — Having filaments united into severed band* 



•VI 

Polygamous ' — Bearing liermaphrodite and uiiisexiMil floirers 
on.the same plant. 

PolypetailouS. — Having the petals free and distinct. 

Peltate- — Sheild-like, a leaf attached to its petiole within the 
margin, as in the sacred lotus. 

Perianth- — ^A general term for the floral envelopes, but correctly 
applied when the latter are the same in size and texture, 
or when one is wanting. 

RaCSme- — A form of inflorescence where the flowers are borne 

on pedicels a.long a single peduncle. 
Radical- — Applied to leaves growing from the root-stock. 

Receptacle-— The end of the peduncle, or pedicel, on which 
the flower is seated. 

Regular- — Having stll the parts equal in size and form. 

Sepal- — ^A part of the calyxs 

Sessile- — without a stalk. 

Siliqua- — The capsular fruit of CrucifersB. 

Simple- — In one piece, undivided. 

Spathe- — A largo membranous leaf forming a sheath to the in- 
florescence in Aroideoe. 

Stamen- — ^The male organ of the flower. 

Stigma- — The point of the pistil, usually rounded or flattened. 

Stipule- — A small leaf at the base of proper leaves. 

Style- — The axis which connects the ovary with the stigma. 

Superior- — a term denoting the position of the ovary in res- 
pect to the calyx, the opposite of inferior. 

Symmetrical- — Uniformity in the number of parts, the latter 
being equal to, or sora.e multiple of, each other. 

SyngenesioUS- — ^When the anthers unite and form a ring 
around the style. 

Terminal- — At the very end. 

Tetrad3mamOUS--^Having fout long stamens and tfwo short 
ones, as in the Cruoiferae. 

TrimoroUS- — ^HaVin^ the parts of the flower in three's, or somo 
multiple of that number. 

Unisexual- — Sexes separated. 

Umbel-— Til? kind of inflorescence prevailing in Umbelliferse, 
which see. 



utricle- — A membranous one-seeded fmit. 
Verticillate- — Arranged in a circle like the rays of a wheel. 
Whorl- — Usually applied to the parts forming the successive 
circles of the flower. 



ABBREVIATIONS AND SIGNS. 

The abbreviated names of botanical authorities are attached to 
genera and species. Linn. (Linneeus.) D. C. (Decandolle.) Hook. 
(Hooker) are examples of such. 

° Climbing or creeping plants. 

■EL Herbaceous plants — usually perennial. 

© Plants of annual duration. 

j^ Aquatic plants. 

s Shrubby plants— usually hard wooded. 

•trs Under-shn^bs. 

Ji'ii Flower. 

When two signs are used together they imply the' double 
meaning, as © ^, annual aquatic. 



CATALOGUE. 



CLASS I.-DIC0TT1ED0NS, 



Obdek I. 

RANUNGULAGE£. 

THE CROWFOOT FAMILY. 

This Order is represented in Mysore by the tribe 
ClematidecB, of which several species are found wild. 
Typical specimens of the family are rare in the south of 
India, but may be occasionally found in gardens at hill 
stations. Larkspur is not uncommon in local cultivation. 
Properties tending to narcotico — acrid, and often poiso- 
nous, 

1 Clematis, Linn. Virgins Sower. 

1 Gouriana, Eoxb. India, c F1. creamy white. 

2 triloba, Heyne. India, c F1. white. 

3 Duchess of Edinburgh. Hokt. c F1. purple 

4 Wightiana wall India o 

5 Species. Introduced. Flowers large white. 

2 Naravelia. DC. 

1 zeylanica, DO. Cjeylow. c F1, yellow. 

?) Thalictrum, Linn. Meadow Bue. 

1 species, foliolosum (?) DO. h il, creamy-white 



2 CATALOGUE OIT PLANTS. 

4 Delphinium, Linn. Larkspur. 

1 Ajacis, Linn. S. Europe. O F1. purple. 

2 consolida, Linn. S. Eubope. O F1. purple 

and white. 

5 Nigella, "W. Fennel Flower. 

1 damascena, W. S. Europe. Fl. blue. 

2 hispanica, S. Europe © Fl. blue. 

6 Aquileg^ia, Linn. ColumUiie. 

1 vulgaris Linn. Europe and Asia h: Fl. purple. 

2 „ var, Fl. white. 



Order II. 

DILLENIAGE/E. 

A family of trees shrubs and herbs mostly confined 
to the tropics. Several species of Dillenia are elegant 
trees for scenic planting. They also afford an acid fruit 
which may be used in tarts and jellies. No. 2 is a good 
type of the Order. 

1 Delima, Linn. 

1 sarmentosa, Linn. India, c Fl. white. 

2 Dillenia, Linn. 

1 indica, Linn. India, t Fl. white. Kan. Bettada 

ganagalu mara. ^^^ riesTluorfitf. 

2 bracteata, Wight, t Kan- Bettada kanigala 

3 pentagyna, Eoxb. t Kan. Koltega or kadu 

kanjgalu mara. , =#J®^^?r{ (^jt^i^pSriti) sSocJ. 

3 OandoUea, Labil. 

1 cuneiformis, Labil. W. Aijst. s 



BOTANICAL GAEDENS BANGALORE. 3 

Ordee III. 

MAGNQLIACEyE. 

THE MAGNOLIA FAMILY. 

The indigenous ' Sampage ' is an excellent type of 
this femily, which is characterised by its large and highly 
perfumed flowers. There are no herbs in the Order. 
Sepals and petals trimerous. Stamens numerous. 

1 Magnolia, Linn. 

1 grandiflora, Lion. Carolin, t H. large white. 

2 sphenocarpa, Roxb. India, t F1. white. 

3 pumila, W . OmNA, s Fl. white. 

2 Michelia, Linn. 

1 champaca, Lion. India, n^ Fl. yellow. Kan Sam- 

page mara. T^o^iA dod. 

2 nilagirica, Zenk, India and Ceylon, t Fl. white. 



Order IV. 

ANONAGEyE. 

CUSTAED APPLE FAMILY. 

The sweet-sop and custard-apple trees are natura- 
lised in most parts of India, and are more commonly seen 
than the ' "Venous representatives of the family. The 
CherimoyerlB highly esteemed as a fruit in its native 
habitat. Nos. 3, 4 and 6, are typical genera. 

1 Uvaria, Linn. 

1 narum, Wall, c India. Fl. dull reddish-green. 

2 species ? ^ India. Fl. reddish-purple. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



2 Artabotrys, E. Be. 

1 odoratissimus, E. Bb. India, s F1. greenish- 
yellow. Fragrant. Kan. Mandranjan balli. 

3 Polyalthia, Blume. 

1 longifolia, Benth &H. Teop. India. ^ Fl. green- 

Kan. Puttrajivi inara. ^i^jsS^SsJoc;. 

2 cerasoides, Benth. t India. Fl. greea 

4 Anona, Linn. 

1 squamosa, Linn. Sweet-sop. W. Indies, t 

Kari' Duranji mara. zSociosS sioti. 

2 reticulata, Linn. Bullocks-heart. W. Indies, t 

Kan. Eamaphala mara. ossio^ej siocJ. 

3 muricata, Linn. Sowr-sop. W. Indies. •^ 

Jfaw. MuUu Eamaphala mara. sSoov's^dssSj 

4 Cherimolia, Mill. Gherimoyer. S. Ameb. t Fl. 

greenisli-yellow. 

5 inontana, Teop. Amee. t 

5 Miliusa, Lesch. 

1 indica, Lesch. India- s Fl. greenish-purple. 

6 SaCCOpetalum, Bennett. 

1 tomentpsem, H. F. & T. India/ t Kan. Kari 
hesare mara. ts's (^ToiSsJatf. 



Oedek V. . '"^^ 

MENISPERMACEyE. 

COCCULUS OR MOONSEED FAMILY. 

A tropical Order of climbing plants having small 
unisexual flowers of trimerous symmetry. Seeds formed 



BOTANJ^CAlj, (JA:!^I(,E]Sr, BANGALOEE. 5 

like a crescent or horsershoq, M^y, of ^the plant?, are 
narpptic an^'sojqie are, poJeonpAs. 

1 Tinospora, Miebs. 

1 cordifolia, Miers. lupiA. c Fl. yellow. 

2 Anamirta, GoifmrntQ^. 

1 cocculus, W. and A; India o M. greenish — 
yelW. 

3 OoGCulus, D. 0. 

1 villosus, D. C. India, c Kan. Sugadi aida. 



Oedee VL 

BERBERIDE/E. 

^B BAEBEREY FAMILY. 

The Indian plants of this Order are almost exclu- 
sively confined to the Himalaya, and their cultivation here 
is next to impossible. 

1 Berberis, Linn. 

1 vulgaris folius atropurpureus, W. Himalaya, s 

2 Nandina, Thunb. 

1 domestica, Thunb. China, s FI, white. 



Oedee VII. 

NYMPH)IEACE/E. 

WATER LILY' FAMILY. 

These aquatic herbs are well known by their 
haniisome flowers, which are red, white, rose, and blue in 

' 2 



6 CATAIiOatTE OP PLANTS 

colour. The Victoria Begia is the most remarkable plant 
of the family, but it succeeds better on the plains than at 
this elevation. Examine species of Nos. 1 and 2, 

1 NymphsBa, Linn. 

1 alba, Linn. White Water Lily. Asia. ^ Kan. 

BiU tavare, s^VoasStf. 

2 Lotus, Linn. Egyptian Lotus. India, a. Kan. 

Kempu tavare, ^o^nasStf. 

3 stellata, Willd. Blue Water Lily. India. ^ 

2 Nelumbium, Juss. 

1 speciosum, Willd. Sacred Lotus. India, -a. H. 
rose and white. Kan. Kamala. i^^xj, 

3 Victoria, 

1 Eegia, Schomb. Amason Lily.. S. Amek. -»- 



Order VIIL 

PAPAVERAGE/E. 

THE POPPY FAMILY. 

The indigenous species are confined to the north of 
India. But the introduced ' Mexican Poppy ' is a familiar 
object all over the south. Other forms are cultivated. 

1 Papaver, Linn. 

1 somniferum, Linn. Opium Peppy. India. QKan. 

Gasagase gida. rt?i7Wf>JS. 

2 Rhceas, Linn. Corn Poppy. Europe. © 

3 dubium, Linn. Long-headed Poppy. Exir&India 

4 orientale, Linn. Garden Poppy. Levant, k 

5 Argemone, linn. Europe? o 



BOTAOTCAIi GARDEN, BANGALORE. 7 

2 ArgelUOUe, Linn, Mexican Pcfppy. 

1 Mexicana, Linn. Mexico. O PI- yellow. Kan. 
Dattura gida. iS^^tShss. 



Oedeb. IX- 

FUMARIAGE/E. 

THE FUMITOEY EAMILY. 

A small Order of smooth herbs having scentless 
flowers. The plant named below is a weed of garden 
land- 

1 Fumaria, Linn. 

1 parviflora, Lamk. F^m,^tory. Eukope & India. 
M. rosy-purple. Kan. Kadu sabbasige 
fioppu. 'sim7ii^,if\Aisii§j^, 



Order X. 

GRUGIFERyE. 

THE CKUCIFER FAMILY. 

In Mysore, this important and well defined Order of 
herbs is almost wholly represented by the European ve- 
getables in market gardens. But some of the latter are 
quite naturalised and indispensable. Ex. country radish. 
Note the tetradynamous stamens, and also the capsular 
fruit (siliqua) dehiscing by two valves from the base up- 
wards. See plants with vernacular names. 

1 Matthiola, Er. 

1 annua, Br. Ten-week Stock. Europe, o 

2 incana, Br. Common Stock- Europe. O F1.- 

white to purple. iVagrant. 



8 CATALOG,tfE OF PLANTS. 

2 Cheiranthus, Linn. 

1 Cheiri, Linn. Wallflower. Britain. © Fl. 
various. Fragrant. 

3 Nasturtium, Br. 

1 officinale, Br. Water Cress. Temp. Biteope, a. 

Fl. white. 

2 indicum, D. C. A weed. India. O Fl. yellow. 

3 palustre, D. 0. India, h Fl. yellow. Kan. 

Kadusasive gida. ^^Spste'ris^^iS, 

4 Oardamine, Linn. Cuckoo Flower. 

1 hirsuta, Linn. India. © Fl. wMte. 

5 Malcolmia, Br. Virginian Stock. 

1 maritima, Br. Europe. © Fl. white. 

6 Coronopus, Smith. 

1 didyma, Sm. Engla;nd. q 

7 Erysimum, Linn. 

1 heiraciifolium, Linn. Europe. & India, h: 

2 Peroffskianum, Feb. Blistering Cress. Califor- 

nia. O 

8 Brassica, Linn. 

,1 campestrie,, Linn. Swedish Tmnip. N.Europe. 
K Fl. yellow. 

2 Napus, Linn. Bape,' or Coleseed. N, Europe. 

© Fl. yellow- 

3 Rapa, Linn. CommoM iTwrnip. N. Europe. ^ 

Fl. yellow. 

4 juncea, H. F, &? T. Indian Mustard. Indu.. © 

Fl. yellow. Kan. Sasive. stsJjsS. 

5 oleracea, Linn. Cab'bage. Britain. ©• Kan. 

Mujdde kpsu. 5S»%=*J®??Sa. 
§ Nigra. Koch. Common Mustard. Europe. 
Fl. yelloW; Kan. Kar^ Sasive gida. "^OTiih^tgi. 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALOEK 9 

7 alba, Linn. White Mustard, o Km* Bili 
easive gida. ^^ sl'Sf^sS p\zs. 

9. Capsella, Mcench, 

1. Bursa-pastoris, Mcench, Shepherds Purse. Eue. 
© 11. -white. 

10. Lepidium, Linn. 

1 ^sativum, Linn, Garden Cress. E. Etteope. O 
H white. Kan. Enrtigegida. '^^rf^ f\u. 

11 Iberis, Linn. 

1 umbellata, Linn. Candyiuft. EtteopE. © Fi. 
white and purple. 

12. Raphanus, Linn. 

1 sativus, Linn. Modish. Eueope. © M. yellow 
white or lilac. Kan. Mullangi gadde, 5i» 

" a, 



Oedee XI. 

CAPPARIDEyE. 

THE CAPER FAMILY. 

A family closely allied to the crucifers ; differing 
chiefly in habit, uniformity of staminal growth, (not being 
tetradynamous) and the stalked ovary. Herbs, chmbing 
shrubs, and trees. 

1 Cleome, Linn, 

1 monophylla, Linn. India. ±1 M. dull purple. 

2 viscosa, Linn. Indu, © PI. yellow. 

3 heptaphylb, Linn. W. Indies. la: El. purple. 

4 sjieciosa ? 'Eeceived under this name from 

Poona. (Chelidonii?) 'W. rose. 



10 CATALOGUE OV PLANTS. 

5 tenella, Linn. Indu. H. purple. 

6 Burmannii W. &. A. India. H. purple. 

2 Gynandropsis, D. G. 

1 pentaphylla, D. 0. India, p Fl. whitfth purple. 
Kan. Narambele soppu. 5»tfq2S«<!f ^js^^, 

3 Cratseva, Linn. 

1 religiosa, Forst. Caper Tree, W. India, t Fl. 
yellow, changing to purple. 

4 Cadaba, foesk. 

1 indica, Lamk. India. S. Fl. greenish white. 
Kan. Maragade gida. s^at^ra^ rus, 

5 Capparis, Linn. 

1 sepiaria, Limi. Indu. c s Fl. white. Kan. 

Kattiri gida. '^^T\is. 

2 horrida, Lmn. India, c s Fl. white or purpUsh. 

3 Mitchelhi, Lindl. Australia, c s 

4 zeylanica, Linn. India, c s Fl. white, chang- 

ing to -yellow and brown. Kan. Totla gida, 

5 Eoxburghii, D. 0. India, c s Fl. white. 

6 frondosa, 



Order XII. 

RESEDAGE/E. 

THE MIGNONETTE FAMILY. 

This smiaU Order has no indigenous representative 
in southern India. 

1 Beseda, Linw. 

1 odorata, Linn. Mignonette. Egypt, o Fl. 
creamy or reddish brown. 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGAIiORB. 11 

Okdee XIII. 

VIOLAGE/E. 

THE VIOLET FAMILY. 

Violets and pansies succeed fairly well in local culti- 
vation, lonidiwm suffruticosum holds an important place 
among native drugs. 

1 Viola, Lmii. 

1 odorata, Linn. Sweet Violet. Europe, h PI. 

violet. 

2 tricolor, Linn. Heartsease. Etjeope. h F1. 

various. 

2 Ioniclium,VEKTBNAT. 

1 siifirutieosura, ging. India, h F1. red. Kan. 
Purusliaratna soppu. ^djsSti^ ^-o^^. 



Oedee XIV. 

BIXINEyE. 

THE ANNATTO FAMILY. 

An Order of trees and shrubs mostly confined to the 
tropics. Numbers 1 and ,2 have handsome flowers the 
structure of which is highly typical of the family, 
although more conspicuous than in most species. The 
leaves are always alternate and simple. 

1 Cochlospermum, Kunth. 

1 gossypium, DO. India, t F1. yellow. Kan. Arisina 
buruga mara. ^sOrOrfsOJstfsri sJorf, 

2 Biza, Linn. 

1 Orellana, Tiinn. Anmtto, S. Amer. s Fl. rose or 



12 CATALOGUE OF PIANTS. 



purple. Kan. EangnmMe gida. :Jor?o53j3«SP^!S. 
2 Orellana var. ajba, Dak in Bombay Flora, s 

3 Placourtia, Commebs. 

1 sepiaria, Koxb. Ikdia. s FL pale yellow. Kan. 

Miridi gida. Sooa r^. The fruit is much eaten. 

2 species, From Ceylon. Unarmed, t F1. yellow. 

3 inermis, Eoxb. India, t Kan. ObMu mara. 

4 Gynocardia, b. bb. 

1 odorata, b. Be, Inma. F1. yellowish. The seeds 
of this tree yield, by expression, the valuable 
chalmugra oU. 

5 Hydnocarpus, G^rtnee. 

1 Wightiana, Blume, W. India. F1. white. 



Oedeb XV. 

pittospore;e. 

THE PITTOSPORUM FAMILY. 

An Australian Order of trees and woody clintjsing 
shrubs. The gefliis Tittisporum is represented in the cooler 
parts of India. Leaves alternate or subverticillate, ex- 
stipulate, simple, and usually entire, Flou)er in parts of 
five. Ovari/ superior, one-celled. S^z^jWdiS 2 — 5 or equal to 
the placentas, Seeds numerous. 

1 Pittosporum, Banks. 

1 Tobira, fol. varieg^a. s 

2 revolutura, Ait. E. Austb. s 

3 undulatuto, Vent. B. AustIb. s 

4 floNbundum, W. & A. Hlls of India t F1. 

yellow. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGAXOEE. 13 

2 Billardiera, ^. 

1 species. From Austkaua. a 

3 Bursaria, Cay. 

1 spinosa, Cav. Auste. t F1. white. iVagrant. 

4 Hymenosporum, F. Mueil. 

1 flavum, F. Muell. E. Auste. t F1. white. 

5 SoUya, Lindl. , 

1 salicifolia, Lindl. W. Auste. s 



Oedbe XVI. 

POLYGALE/E. 

THE MILKWOET FAMILY. 

Excluding New-Zealand, this is a cosmopolitan 
Order of herbs, shrubs, and trees. The flowers, in the 
herbaceous section especially, are irregular, and at first 
sight may be mistaken for P^piUimaeecB. The roots often 
contain a milky juice. ' 

1 Polygala, Linn. 

1 chinensis. Linn, India and China. O 

2 elongata, Klein. India, ef Fl. yellow. 

3 telephioides, Willd. India. O 



Oedee XVII. 

CARYOPHYLLEyE 

THE PINK FAMILY. 

Although a large cosmopolitan order of herbs, a 
glance at the annexed list will show that it has few native 

4 



14 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

representatives in this place; species are abundant in the 
northern regions of Europe and Asia. Often gra'ss-hke 
weeds with swollen nodes and inconspicuous flowers. The 
various strains of pinks do well at Bangalore. . 

1 Dianthus, Linn. 

1 chinensis, Mnn. Chinese Pink. China. © 

2 Heddewigii, Eegl. Japanese PinJc. Japan, o g 

3 plumarius, Linn. Common Pink. Eueope. h .2 

4 Oaryophyllus, Linn. Clove Carnation. S. f. 

EUBOPB. h: ^ 

5 Carthusianorum, Linn. Sweet-WilUam. ^ 

Europe. ^ 

2 Saponaria, Linn. Soapwort. 

1 calabrica, Juss. Oalabbia. O El. pink. 

3 Silene, Linn. Catchfly. 

1 pendula, Linn. Sicily. O El. rose, 

2 Armeria, lann. Europe. O El. rose and white. 

3 quinquevulnera, Linn. Europe. OM, rosy-purple. 
4'Bchafta, Caucasus O El. rosy-purple. 



4 Lychnis, Linn. 

1 chalcedonica Linn. Levant, s: El. scarlet. 

2 grandiflora, k El. coppery-orange. 

5 Oerastium, Linn. CUckweed. 

1 indicum, W. and A. Indian CUckweed. h El- 

white. 

2 vulgatum, Linn. India. © El. white. 

6 Stellaria, Linn. 

1 media, Linn. A weed. India, h M. whitish. 

7 Polycarpsea, Lamk. 

1 corymbosa, Lamk. A weed. India. © El. 

silvery-white. 

2 „ var. aurea. o Km. Majjege soppu. 



BOTANICAL GABDEN, BANGALOEIT, 15 

obder xvni. 
PORTULAGE£. 

THE PURSLANE FAMILY. 

A scattered Order of herbs, or rarely under- 
shrubs. Chiefly American. The Portulaca splendens of 
gardens is an attractive bedding plant during the dry 

season. 

1 Portulaca, Linn. Pwslane. 

1 oleracea, Linn. Native weed. © Flower yellow. 

Kan. Dodda goni soppu. zSjsi^t^^pI^jb^, 

2 quadrifida, Linn, India. © M. yellow. 

3 splendens, Hort. Chili. © Fl. deep crimson, 

purple, and various. 

4 grandiflora, Chili. © Fl. various. 

2 Oalandrinia, Humb. & Bonpl. 

1 grandiflora Liudl. Chili. ^ Fl. red. 



Oedee XIX. 

TAMARISGINEyE. 

THE TAMAEIX FAMILY. 

This small Order has only one representative in 
Mysore. It is occasionally found on the banks of streams, 
and in general appearence reminds one of a very stunted 
Casiiarma: 

1 Tamarix, Linn. 

1 gallica, Linn. iNDii & Mbditebkanean eegion. 
s Fl. whitish. 



16 CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 

Oeder XX. 

HYPERIGINE/E. 

THE ST. JOHNS- WOET FAMILY. 

The typical species giveri under this family is 
common at Nundidroogf, where it will be readily observed 
by a profuse display of very bright yeUow flowers. 

1 Hypericum, Linn. 

1 mysorense, Heyne, India, s Kan. Chinnada- 
vare gida. &3^rasSi3 p^s. 



OrdEe, XXI. 

guttifer;e. 

THE ©AMBOGB FAMILY. 

A well defined tropical family of trees and shruba 
It is represented in Mysore, as in other parts of India, by 
six genera. Leaves opposite, simple, and, often leathery 
in texture. Flowers regular, unisexual or polygamous, often 
sweetly fragrant. Pwciloneuron indicum is the ' Ballagi 
mara' from which the celebrated walking sticks are made. 
Dissect specimens of 1, 3 and 4. 

1 Garcinia, Linn. 

1 Livingstonii. Eroin Calcutta, t F1. white. 

2 Morella, DesroiiSs. India, t Kan. Kankut- 

gal mara. ^^sQiiiHS siatf 

3 Xanthochymus Hook, f India, t Kan. Deva- 

garige mara. S^rfriert sSatf. 

4 Mangostana, Linn. Malay Arch. Ukatigosteen. 

T El. yellow-red. 



BOTANICAL GlEDBSr, BANGALOEE. IT 

2 Ochrocarpus, Thouaes. 

1 longifolius, Benth and Hook. India, t PL rosy- 
purple. .Kaw. Surgi mara. stoa sSorf, 

3 Oalopliyllum, Linn. 

1 inophyllum Linn. India, jpinnay Oil Tree, t F1, 

white, anthers yellow. Kan. Surahonne mara, 

2 tomentosum, Wight. India. The Pom Tree. 

Kan. Kiive or bobbi mara, ^j55S(s3j®23^) dod. 

4 Mesua, Linn, 

1 ferrea, Linn. India, t M, white, anthers yel- 
low. Kan. Nagasampige mara. c33ri?So5ii1 ^^^ 

5 Pceciloneuron, Beddomb. 

1 indicTim, Bedd. India, t Fl. yellowish-whiter 
Kan. Ballagi mara. ^yt' ^■^^• 

6 Clusia, W. 

1 rosea, W. Carolina. Balsam Tree, t M, rose. 



Oedee XXIL 

TERNSTREMIACE/E. 

THE TEA FAMILY. 

Indigenous representatives of the family are wholly 
confined to the cooler parts of India. The tea plant and. 
the Camellia japonica, are profitably cultivated at'Oota- 
camund. 

1 Camellia, Linn. 

1 japonicaj. Linn, s Japan. El. white and pink.. 

2 theifera^ Griff, Assam. Tea Shrvb. El. white. 



18 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

Order XXIII. 

DIPTEROCARPEyE. 

THE MALAY-CAMPHOR lAMILY. 

A tropical family of resinous trees, or rarely 
climbing shrubs. The persistent calyx with two or more 
segments jpuch enlarged in fruit is characteristic of the 
Order. 

1 Shorea, Roxb. 

1 talura, Eoxb. The Lac Tree. Mysore, t FL 

white, Kan. Jalari mara. essoso s^otf. 

2 robusta, Gaertn. The Sal Tree. Indli, t M. pale 

yellow. 

2 Hopea, Eoxb. 

1 parviflora, Bedd. India, t Kan, Boghi or 

Kirai Boghi mara. sS.ffl{f\ (*de3^?f\) doti. 

2 Wightiana, Wall. Indla. re Kan. Oonni mara. 

3 Vateria iudica Linn. Indian Copal Tree. Fl, 

white. Kan. Dupada mara. ^jsisizS s:Sod. 



Order XXIV. 

IVIALVACE£. 

THE MALLOW FAMILY. 

This well marked Order of herbs, shrubs, and trees is 
abundantly represented in India, both in cultivation and 
habitat, ^howy flowers, monadelphous stamens, aad one- 
celled anthers make up the chief characters of the family. 
The well known shoe-flower, the various cotton plants, and 
the popular vegetable "Bendekayi" are good types for 
botanical students. But with the above, species of Malva 
and Sombax should be compared. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGAIiOKE. 19 

1 Althaea, Linn. 

1 rosea, Liiin. Holly-Tioch. h M. rose. Kan. 

Dodda bindige. JSjssi -Sxxs^k T\x&, 

2 officinalis, Linn. Marsh Mallow. EjpoPB. h 

Fl. rose. 

2 Lavatera, Linn. Tree Mallow. 

1 thuringiaca, Linn, Gebmant, k H. rosy-pink 

4 a 

3 Malva, Linn. Mallow. 

1 sylvestris, Linn. Eukopb. h Fl. white. Kan, 

Sanna bindige gida. ?Jos|^?3oS7^ f\:l. 

2 rotundifolia, Linn. Bukope, W. Asia, h: i 

3 parviflora, Linn India, kc 

4 Malvastriam, A. Geay. 

1 trieuspidatum, A. Geay. Tropics, k FL yellow. 

2 ^icatum, A. Geay. Tropics. ^ FL yellow. 

5 Sida, Linn. ' 

1 mysorensis, W, and A. Native weed. ^ Fl. 

pale yellow. 

2 rhonabifolia, Linn. do h Fl. yellow. 

3 cordifoUa, Linn. do FL yellow, h: Kan. 

Hettu tutti gida. ^'^^ goS_p\!i, 

4 humilis, Willd do h Fl. straw— 

coloiired, 

5 carpinifolia, L India- s FL yellow. 

„ var. acuta, „ s Kan. Bhimana kaddL 

6 grewioides, GailL India, s FL yellow. 

7 species ? India, s Fl. white. Kan. Bekkina tale 

gida. sS^td^d t^. 



20 CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 

6 Abutilon, Gaeetn. 

1 asiaticum, G. -Don. Asia, s ¥1. jellow, 

2 indicum, G. Don. Itsdja. s' Kan. Tutti gidao. 

i^i^^ns^. Fl. yellow. 

3 graveolens, W. and A. India, s M. orange 

with dark centre, 

4 muticum, G, Don. India, s M. orange. 

5 polyandrum, ScUecht. India, s M. orange. Kan. 

Bettada benda gida. '^^^^ ^oi^ ^. 

6 striatum, var. Thomsonii. FI. yellow, s 

Garden varieties. — Amrantina. Fl. purple — amaraiitL 

Elephanta. Fl. chamois-yellow shaded rose. 

Brilhant. Fl: bright red. 

M. Ed. Pynaert Vangeert. Fl. purplish-carmine. 

M. Viviand-Morel. - Fl. violet-amaranth. 

Louise Deloux. Fl. white. 

Aurelia. Fl. golden-yellow. 

Blandii. Fl. deep yellow, veined crijnson. 

Albert Deloux. Fl. rosy-mauve. 

Clochette Tleuric. Fl. violet-amaranth. 

Eveline. Fl. blush, shaded pink. 

Couquete. Fl. whitish-rose. 

7 Malachra, Linn. 

1 capitata, Linn. W. Trop Africa, s Fl. yellow. 
This undershrub appears to be an escape 
from cultivation in some parts of India. 

8 Urena, Linn. 

1 lobata.LiNN. Yields good fibre. India, s FL 

pink. 

2 sinuata, Linn, India, s Fl. pink. 

9 Pavonia, Cav. 

1 odorata, Willd. India, ts. Fl. pink. 

2 zeylanica, Cay. India, s Kan. Antu togari gida 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALORE, 21 

10 Decaschistia W. & A. 

1 trilobata Wight. India; s 

2 crotonifolia, W. and J^. India, s F1. pink. 

11 Hibiscus, Medik. 

1 canescens, Heyne in "Wall. India, s FI. yeUow, 

witli pink centre, 

2 cannabinus, Linn. HiMscus Hemp. India, s 

ri. yellow "with crimson centre. Kan. Holada 
pundrike gida. ^-Mvci t^t^^ ?\a_ 

3 surattensis, Linn. PricMy stemmed. Asia, h K. 

yeUow with dark centre. 

4 Sabdariffa, Linn. The Boselle.lsTiiA.. 0F1. yellow. 

Kan. Kempu pundrike gida,. '^o^ ^oa)^ f\zs, 

5 ficulneus, Linn, Yields good fibre. India. O K. 

white with rosy centre. Kan. Kadu bende 
gida. '5=s5^ ^osl^Pi!^. 

6 rugosns, Mast, IijfDiA. O Fl. yellow with red 

centre. 

7 esculentus, Linn. Okra. W. Indies. Kan. 

Bende gida. ESosl^hzs. PI. yellow with crimson 
centre. 

8 tricuspis, Banks in Cay. Society isles, t F1. 

yellow with purple base. 

9 rosa- sinensis, Linn. Shoe^flower, s Kan. Dasala 

gida. Qjintsv'rf f\^. 



10 do. var. albaplenus ? 

11 do „ rubro — plenus. s 



It is unfortuDate 
that these fine flow- 



12 do „ flavo— plenus. s . ering shrubs rarely 

13 do „ carneo— plenus. s I'^Sk'""^ ** 

14 do „ lilliflorus hybridug. si 

15 do „ Cooperii. s 

16 nautaJbilis, Linn. China, s 1*1. white, changing 

to red. 

6 



22 'CATALOGUE OV PLANTS. 

17 do var. . fl. pleno. s do. do. 

18 syriacus, Linn. Syrian Hibiscus, s 

19 tiliaceus, Linn. Sea Shoebs op Teopics. t 

Fl. yellow with crimson centre'. 

20 pandurseformis, Burm. India., o Fl. yellow 

with purple centre. Kan. Kadu gandu tutti 
gida. ^sts^ '^o^^ i^oS^hS. 

21 Schizopetalus, E. Africa, s Fl. red. 

22 species. An annual or biennial shrub. sFl. pale 

yellow. 

23 furcatus, Eoxb. India, s Fl. yellow with pur- 

ple eye and crimson centre. 

12 Paritium, Ade. juss. 

1 elatum, W. Indies, t Fl. orange-crimson. 
Affords the material called C^^ba bast. 

13 Thespesia, Coee. 

1 Lampa,s, Dalz. and Gibs. India, t Fl. yellow 

with crimson centre. 

2 populnea. Corr. Portia tree. Societt Isles. 
' T Fl. yellow. Kan. Huvarasi mara. ^J®5id?od3d. 

14 Gossypium, Linn. 

1 herbaceum, linn. Indian Cotton, s Fl. mostly 

yellow with purple centre. Kan, Arale or 
anji gida. ^stis? (oosS) rvn, 

2 ' „ var. religiosum, Nankeen Cotton, s 
Fl. yellow, cotton tawny. 

The cottons known as Hinginghaut, Dacca, Berar, Upland 
Georgian and China, are produced from varieties of the species 
~ m. 

3 BarbfiidenBe, Linn. American Cotton, s Fl- 
yellow with crimson centre. 

4 „ var. acuminatum, Roxb. Peruvian 
Cotton, s Fl. yellow with crimson centre. 



BOTANICAL GAEBBN, BANGALORE. 23 

Cr. Barbadmse affords the cottons known as Barbadoes, 
Bourbon, New Orleans and Sea-Island, etc. 

5 arboreum, Liim. Tr$e Cotton. India. Fl. dark 
crimson or purple, Kan. Kari arale or anji 
gida. 's'BJsti's't (esosS) f^B. 

15 Kydia, Eoxb. 

1 calydna, Roxb. India, t F1. white or pink, Kan. 
Bende naru mara. sSo^ fsda sSotf. 

16 Adanspnia, Linn. 

1 digitata, Linn. The Baolab. Apeica. t - 

17 Bombax, Linn. 

1 malabaricura, DO. Yields silk cotton, t F1. red. 
Kan. Kempu Buruga mara. °^o^ BiJstJort oixi, 

18 Eriodendron, DO. 

1 anfractuosura, DO. India, t F1. white. Yields 
silk cotton. Kan. Bili buruga mara. ^^^ ^J^'^^ 

19 Laguuaria, G. Don. 

1 Pattersonii, G. Don. E. Auste. t 

20 Durio, Linn. 

1 zibethinus, DO. Malay Islands. The Durian 
Tree. 



Oedbe XXV. 

STERCULIAGEyE. 

THE CHOCOLATE TREE FAMILY. 

The structural arrangement of this large family of 
trees, shrubs and herbs, is closely allied to that of Mal- 
vaceae. It is clearly separated, howeiver, by its 2-celled 
anthers, The flowers are often unisexual by abortion, 



24 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

and occasionally irregular as in the screw ti^ee, Eelicteres 
Isora. Students should compare the latter with- any 
StercuUa, and also with the indigenous weeds Pentapetes 
and Waltheria. 

1 Sterculia, Linn. The roasted seeds aire edible. 

1 foetida, Linn, Asia, t F1. orange red. Km. 
• Bhatala or penari mara. Epes^ (S^ssao) siod. 

2 urens, Eoxb. India t F1. yellowish, Kan. 

Kempu dale mara. =#o^ nas? rfarf. 

3 villosa, Roxb. Indla.. t F1. rusty pink, Kan. 

Bili dale mara. 

4 heterophylla, G. Don. E. Auste. t 

5 Balanghas, Linn. India, t F1. rusty brown. 

6 alata, Roxb. India, t F1. reddish. 

7 popuhfoha, Roxb. India, t 

8 guttata, Roxb. India, t F1. reddish purple. 

2 Cola, 

1 acuminata, W. Africa. Kola Nut Tree. 

3 Heritiera, Aiton. 

1 httoralis, Dryand. Looking Glass Tree. Asia. FI. 

silvery white. 

2 Fomes, Buch, Bqbneo. t FL orange. 

4 Kleinhovia, Linn. 

1 Hospita, Linn, Malacca, t Fl. rose to pink. 

5 Helicteres, Linn. 

1 Isora, linn. Indian Screw Tree. Fl. red, chang- 
ing to plumbago, Kan. Yedamuri gida. 

6 Pterospermum, Scheeb. 

1 acerifolium, WiUd. N. India, t Fl. white, v 

7 Eriolaena, DO. 

1 Candollei, Wall. Bibma. t Fl. yellow. 



BftTAOTCAL (JAEDEN, BANGALOKE. 25' 

8 Pentapetes, Linn. 

, 1 phoenicea, Linn. Plains of India. © Fl, red. 

9 Melhania, FoKSK. 

• 1 inoana, Heyne* Mysore, s M. yellow. 
'J, cannabina, Wight. .Mysobe. s Fl. yellow. 

10 Dombeya, Oav. 

1 anguiatai Cav. Botjebon. s Fl, rosy-pink 
shaded salmon. 

11 Melochia, Linn. 

1 velutina, Beddome. India, t Fl. pink. Kan. 
Bettada tutti mara. ^^^ SiS^sSotf. 

12 Waltheria, Linn. 

1 indica, Linn. Native weed. ^ Fl. yellow. 

13 Abroma, Jacq. 

1 augusta, Linn. Yields good fibre. Moluccas. 
s Fl. purplish. 

14 Gauzuma, Plum. 

1 tomentosa, Kunth'. Bastard Oedar.' Teop. 
Ameeica. t Fl.. creamy-yellow. Kan. Eu- 
di-akshi mara. ^'^j^ ^^^. 

15 Theobroma, Linn. 

1 cacao, Linn. Chocolate^ Tree. S, America. Fl. 
whitish. 



26 CATAL0GT7E OF PLANTS. 

Oedeb XXVI. • 

TILIACE£. 

THE JUTE FAMILY. 

Herbs /shrubs and trees. The indefinite, free, or 
more rarely polyadelphous stamens, aflford the chief 
structural character of the Order, as compared with the 
two foregoing families, to which it is closely allied. The 
genus Grewia is well represenitedin the reserved jungle of 
Mysore, where some of the climbing species form dense 
thickets for the preservation of wild animals. The jute 
plant, Corchorus capsularis, is only found rarely in local 
cultivation. ' 

1 Berrya, Eoxb. 

1 Ammonilla, Roxb. Trincomalee Wood. India, t 
PI. pink. 

2 Grewia, Linn. 

1 columnaris, Sm. Asia, s El. white. 

2 emarginata, W. and A. Mysore, s El. whitish. 

3 oppositifolia, Eoxb. India, -x El. yellow. Kan. 

Butaleiihara eOjssssfsiiitf. , 

4 tihsefoha, Vahl. India, t Kan. Tadasalu mara. 

5 asiatica, Linn. India, t El. yellow. 

6 pilosa, Lam. India, s 

7 laevigata, Vahl. India, t El. yellow. 

8 species, A tree. Kan^ Jane mara. «3iisi sJid, 

9 do A shrub. Kan. WucHpe gida. ««a^ 

3 Triumfetta, Linn. Native weeds. 

1 rhomboidea, Jacq. India, s El. yellow. 

2 rotundifoHa, Lam. India, h El. yellow. 

3 piiosfi, Koth, India, h El. yellow. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALOEE. 27 

4 Corchorus, LiNN. 

1 capsularis, Liim. The Jute Plant India, s Fl. 

yellow. y 

2 olitorius, Linn. Tkor. Asi4. s FL yellow. 

3 acutangulus, ' Lam. India. © Fl. yellow. 

4 species. © Fl. yellow'. 

5 Elseocarpus, Linn. 

1 serratus, Linn. India and Java, t 

2 grandis, Queensland, 



Oedee XXVII. 

LINE£. 

THE FLAX FAMILY. 

A family of herbs and shrubs, rarely trees. Leaves 
alternate, simple, and mogtly entire. Flowers brightly 
coloured, regular, and usually glandular on the staminal 
disk. Stamens more or less united at the base. Fruit cap- 
sular, usually splitting into 3 — 5 cocci, rarely a drupe. 
Specimens of Linum and Erythroxyhn should be compar- 
ed together. 

1 Linum, Linn. 

1 usitatissimum, Linn. Flax Plant. Europe, o 

Fl. blue. 

2 „ var. grandiflormn. Algeeia. O Fl. deep 

red. 

2 Rienwardtia, Dtwort. 

1 trigyna. Planch. India, s Fl. yellow. 

3 Erythroxylon, Linn, 

1 monogynum, Eoxb. Bastard Sandal. India, t 

Fl. whitish. Kan. Devadaru mara. J5?sirado dod. 

2 coc^a, S. Amer. s F4. Avhitish, Cocaine .is the 

active principle of the leaf of this shrub. 



28 CATALOGUE OV PLAS'TS. 

Order XXVIII. 

MALPICHIAGEyE. 

THE MALPIGHIA FAMILY. 

This large American family of trees and climbing 
shrubs is represented in India by only three genera and 
tM'elve species. The latter are characterised by tlieir clim- 
bing habit, opposite simple leavesj and regular flowers 
having fringed and clawed petals. The large gland or 
glands at the base of calyx is also a peculiar condition 
of the family. The plants named at foot are all highly 
ornamental, and it is not difficult to procure specimens 
in local gardens. 

1 Malpighia, Plum. 

1 glabra, S. Amer. s Fl, bright yellow. 

2 punicifolia, DC. Bariadoes Cherry. S. Amer. 

s Fl. rose. 

3 coccifera, linn. S. Amer. s Fl. rosy-white. 

2 Hiptage, Gjbrtner. 

1 Madablota, Gsertn. India, c Fl. white. Kan. 

Adaraganchi hambu. ssddrioaS^oaii. 

2 parvifoha, W. & A. India, a Fl. whitish. 

3 Aspidoptetys, A. Juss. 

1 canarensis, Dalz. Mysore, c Fl. yellow. 

4 Banisteria, Linn. 

1 laurifolia, lann. S. America, c FL yellow. 

5 Stigmatophyllum, Juss. 

1, aristatum, Linn. Brazil, o Fl. yellow. 



BOTANICAL GAB.DEN, BANGALOEE. 29 

Oeder XXIX 

ZYGOPHYLLE£. 

THE BEAN-CAPER FAMILY. 

The Indian species of this family are all herbs or 
small shrubs. The indigenous herb, Sanna neggilu gida, 
so well known for its medicinal properties, is an excellent 
type of the Order. It is usually found in damp soil under 
tank-bunds. The introduced tree, Gmiacum officinale, 
affords the valuable wood known as Ugmm-vitce. 
Compare it with the weed referred to above. 

1 Tribulus, Linn. 

1 cistoides, Linn. Native we'jd n Fl. yellow. 

2 terrestris, Linn. Do h Fl. yellow. Kan. 

S3.nna neggilu gida. ?^°p» '^f\ ^^ f\ti. 

2 Guaiacum, Linn. ^ 

1 officinale, Linn. Gmiac Tree. W. Indies. 

3 Melianthus, Linn. 

1 major, Linn. Hmhey Shrul. C. G. Hope. 



Oedbe XXX. 

GERANiAGE/E. 

GERANIUM AND SORREL FAMILY. 

Herbs, undershrubs, and rarely trees. The mor- 
phology of this large Order can only be determined by 
studying one or two good type specimens of each tribe. ' 
The latter being treated by some botanists as distinct 
Orders. 

Tribe I Geraniea. Herbs or undershrubs with, 
frequeaatly, swollen nodes and membranous stipules. 

8 



30 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS 

Examine all the parts of any garden geranium. In doing 
so, note the peculiar formation of the fruit, which is not 
unlike a crane's bill. 

Tribe II Oxalidem. Herbs or small trees with com- 
pound sensitive leaves. Compare the Bilimbi tree with the 
perenninal herb Pullampurasi soppu. 

■ Tribe III Balsamineoe. Herbs with succulent stems, 
simple leaves and irregular showy flowers. See the garden 
Balsam, which has run wild about Bangalore. 

Tribe IV Tropimlaceee. Trailing herbaceous plants 
with alternate, simple, smooth, and often peltate leaves. 
Flowers irregular and showy. Fruit acrid. The intro- 
duced bedding plants popularly called Nasturtium really 
belong to the genus Tropceolum, and are good types of 
the tribe. 

1 Pelargonium, (Gaedek geeanium.) 

1 erianthum, DC. Crane's Bill. N. Amee. ^ 5" 

2 sanguineum, Linn. Europe, h | ^ 

3 species, n g S 

2 Oxalis, Linn, Wood Sorrel. 

\ 

1 corniculata, Linn. India, h: F1. yellow. Kan. 

Pullampurasi soppu. ^gjo^jj ^J®^^. 

2 Bowieana, Lpdd. ^ Fl. dark rose. 

' 3 tetraphylla violacea, Hort. n Europe. Fl. violet- 
purple. 

4 acetosella, linn, h Britian. Fl. paJe rose. 

3 Biophytum, DC. 

1 sensitivum, DO. Native weed, h: Fl. yellow, 

rarely purple. 

2 Reinwardtii, "Walp. do k: Fl. yellow. 



BOTANICAL GARDBN, BANaALOEE. 31 

4 Averrhoa, Linn.* Fetjit teees. 

1 carambola, Linn. India (Cultd.) t M. whitish 

purple. Kan. Komarak mara, =^J®s^oti^ djc!. 

2 Bilimbi, Linn. India. (Cultd.) t Kan. Bilimbi 

mara, sSSosa siorf 

5 Impatiens, Linn, 

1 Balsamina, Linn. Garden Balsam. India, o ^ 

do 1 var. vulgaris. © S 

do 2 var. coccinea, © '% 

do . 3 var. arcuata. © K 

do 4 var, rosea. © S 

2 mysorensis, Roth, Mtsoee, © Fl. red, Kan. 

Kadu Karnakundaia giAik.'^'^^'^^^'S^^'^^ ^<^. 

3 Jerdonise, Wight. Malabar, k 11, yellow and 

red;." 

4 parasitica, Beddome. Malabar, n Fl. green and 

yellow. 

5 Hookeriana, Arnott. Ceylon, s. h. Fl. white 

streaked with red, 

6 Hawkeri, Hort. -k Fl, red. 

7 Sultani, Hort. h Fl. bright red. 

6 Tropseolum, Linn. Garden Nasturtium. , 

1 majus, Linn. Peeu, © c i Fl. usually 

2 tricolorum, Sweet, Ci^ili, h i red or yel- 

3 Lobbianum, Hook, Venzul. © o j low. 

7 Hydrocera, Blume. 

1 triflora, "W. & A. India. Fl. variegated, red, 
white, and yellow. Aqijatic herb, 



32 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

Obder XXXI 

RUTACE^. 

THE RUE AND OEANGE FAMILY. 

A large tropical and sub-tropical Order of trees and 
shrubs ; the tribe Butece being almost exclusively herbs. 
The foetid herb, Butece graveolens, is said to be obnoxious 
to snakes, and it is often cultivated near habitation's on 
that account. The orange tribe, Auranfiecs, is well marked 
by its white fragrant flowers, glandular leaves, and hand- 
some fruit. With types of the above, compare specimens 
of Zanthoxylon and ToddaUa, genera representing two 
additional tribes of the family. 

1 Ruta, Linn. 



n 



1 graveolens, Linn. Common Hue. S. Europe 
Fl. yellow. Kan. Havunanjina gida. ^^<^ 

2 Zanthoxylum, Linn. 

1 ovalifolium, Wight. India. G. S. Fl. whitish. 

2 species. India, s Purgent and aromatic. 

Possibly alatum, Roxb. 

3 Toddalia, Jtrss. 

1 actileata, Pers. India, c Fl. white. Kan. Kadu 
menasu gida. ^ss^j^S^ps^j fis 

4 Glycosmis, Ooreea. 

1 pentaphylla, Correa, India, s Fl. white. 

5 Murraya, Linn. 

1 exotica. L'lin. OUna Box. China, s Fl. white. 
Kan. Angarakana gida. «5orecS^?S t^. 



EOTANlOAt GAEDEN, BANGAIOEE. 33 

2 Kcenigii, Sprehg. Gurry Leaf Tree, India, t 
Fl. white. Kan. Kari bevu mara. =5^0^?^ ^Sstf. 

6 Clausena, Buem. 

1 Wampi, Blanco. Yields Wampee Fruit. China. 

•r M. white. 

2 Willdeoovii, W. and A. India, s F1. creamy- 

white. Kan. Kada karate gida. '5=3®*02S ntS. 

7 Triphasia, Loue. 

1 trifohata, DC. China, s M. white. 

8 Limonia, Linn. 

1 acidissima (?) Linn. India, s F1. white. 

2 BpectaMis. Eeceived from Madras under this 

name. A shrub with shghtly irregular 
flowers of a delicate rose colour. 

9 Atalantia, Coeeea. 

1 monophylla, Correa. India, t F1. white. Kan. 

Kadu nimbe or nayi byalada mara. "ratso 

2 raceraosa, W. and A. India, t M. white. Ziasw. 

Hutsu nimbe mara. ^x^ So^'^sJotf. 

10 Citrus, Linn. 

1 medica, Linn. The Citron. Asia, s Flowers 
white. Kan. Madavala gida. ^3ci^rf53^s?'i^^i. 

do. 1 var. Limonum, The Lemon, asia. s 
Kan. HerUe gida. Bo?^s??iei. 

do. 2 var. acida, The Sour Lime. India, s 
Kan. Nimbe gida. cio^nei. 

do. 3 var. Limetta. The Sweet Lime. India, s 
Kan. Gajanimbe gida. ?1e3?)os5 m, ■ 

9 



34 CATAIiOGtTE OP PLANTS. 

2 Aurantium, Linn. The Orange. Asia, t Kan. 

Kittale mara. ^^y ^^^. 
do. 1 var. Bigaradia, The Seville Orange, t 

3 decumana, Linn. The Pummelo. Malayan 

Isles, t Kan. Sakotti mara. ?5=#J3 ® sSirf. 

11 Feronia, Gaertn. 

1 Elephantum. Correa. Elephant or Wood A^tple. 
India, t F1. white. Kan. Belada mara. sS? 

12 iSgle, CoaREA. 

1 Marmelos, Correa. The Bael Tree. Asia. F1. 
white. Kan. Bilvapatre mara. ^^s^s^ ^^^. 

13 Calodendrum, W. Cape op Good Hope. 

1 capense, W. t 



Oeder XXXII. 

SIMARUBEyE. 

THE QUASSIA FAMILY. 

A bitter principle of the bark is the chief character- 
istic of this tropical family of trees and shrubs. The 
formation of the two indigenous trees should be carefully 
compared with that of the introduced shrub, Quassia. 

1 Ailantus, Dbsp. 

1 excelsa, Roxb. India, t A fine clump of this 
handsome tree may be seen at Closepet. 

2 Balanites, Delile. 

1 Eoxburghii, Planch. India, t Kan. IngaHka 
mara. "aori©?^ dad. 

3 Quassia, Linn. 

1 amara, Linn. The Qjuassia Shrvi). Amee. 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALOEB. 35 

Oedee XXXIII. 

OGHNAGE/E. 

THE OCHNA FAMILY. 

A tropical Order of shrubs and trees mostly confined 
to America. The deeply lobed ovary, eventually chang- 
ing into three or more distinct drupes, is a good char- 
acteristic. The family is represented in India by four 
genera. 

1 Ochna, Linn. 

1 squarrosa^ Linn. India and Pegu, t F1. yel- 

low. Kan. Muda mara. s^is^ssSsrf. 

2 pumila, Ham. India, s Kan. Hennu gorivi 

gida. socffM T^os T\Ti, 



Oedee XXXIV. 

BURSERAGE/E. 

THE MTEEH FAMILY. 

A tropical family of balsamiferous trees and shrubs. 
The resinous products known as Sambrani, Elemi, Myrrh, 
Ohbanum and the so-called Balm of Gilead, are all 
obtained from different species of this Order. 

1 Boswellia, Koxb. 

1 serrata, Koxb. India, t F1. whitish. Kan. Madi 

mara. ^^ti dici. 
2. do. var. glabra, India, t F1. white. Kan. 

Sambrani mara. ?feoMs^«^!Sarf, 

2 Garuga, Eoxb. 

1 pinnata, Boxb; India, t 

3 Balsamodendron, Kunth. 

1 Mukul, Hook. Ihdia. t F1. dull red. 

2 Berryi, Akn. s 



36 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

4 Protium, w. and a. 

1 caudatum, W. and A. India, t Tel. Konda 
mamadi manu. =#j®o!i5:SJSi5Soa sis^o. 

5 Bursera, Linn, 

1 serrata, Colebar. India, t F1. wliitish. 

6 Filicium, Thwaitjes. 

1 decipiens, Thwaites. Western Ghauts and 
Ceylon, t A handsome evergreen tree of 
compact and globular form. Fl. v/hitish. 



OSDEE XXXV. 

MELIAGEyE. 

THE MAHOGANY FAMILY. 

Trees and shrubs. Leaves alternate, compound, 
exstipulate. Observe the markedly dimidiate condition 
of the leaflets in Melia, Swieteriia and Cipadessa ; and in 
some degree all through the family. Flowers in loose pani- 
cles, often whitish and fragrant. Stamens monad elphous 
except in Cedrela and Chloroxiflon, where they are distinct. 
Ovary entire. 

1 Naregapaia, "W. and A. 

1 alata, W. and A. India, s FJ. white, style 
yellow. 

2 Melia, Linn. 

1 Azadirachta, Linn. The Neem Tree. India. 

Fl. white. Kan. OUe bevina mara. sus^^eSfSsS 

2 Azedarach, Linn. The Bead Tree. Persia. Fh 

li^ac. Kan. Hutchu bevina mara. ^^es^ e3?^?S 

3 dubia, Cav. India, t Fl. greenish white. Kan. 

Hebevina mara. ^^^^t^ rfiiiJ. 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALOEB, 37 

3 Cipadessa, Blume, 

1 fruticosa, Blume. India, s PI. white. Kan. 
Chittundi gida. eStojoahzS. 

4 Walsura, Eoxb. 

1 piscidia, Roxb. India, t dull-yellowish. 

5 Soymida, Adk. Juss. 

1 febrifuga, Adr. Juss. India, t Pi. greenish- 
white. Kan. Swami mara. s)aj3o5*ad, 

6 Chickrassia, Ade. Juss. 

1 tabularis, Adr. Juss. The CMttagong-Wood Tree. 
Fl. yellowish or red. 

7 Oedrela, Linn. 

1 Toona, Eoxb. White Cedar. India and Aust, 
T Fl. white. Called JVb^e and Belandiin. Coorg, 

8 Chloroxylon, DO. 

1 Swietenia DO. Satm-Wood Tree. India, t 
PI. creamy-white. Kan. Huragalu mara. 

9 Swietenia, Linn, 

1 Mahagoni, Linn. Mahogany Tree. S. Amer. 

2 macropfayUa. Eeceived from Bot. Gardens, Cal- 
cutta. The large leaved mahogany. 



Oedeb XXXVI. 

OLACINE/E. 

THE OLAX PAMILY. 

A widely distributed Order of trees and shrubs 
often climbing and occasionally spinose. The type speci- 
men in this collection is a robust climber with alternate, 
4 sinjplej ovate leaves,, and short axillary racemes of small 
whitish flowers.. 

10 



'38 CATALOGUE or PLANTS. 

1 Ximenia, Linn. 

1 americajia, Willd. India, s F1. white. Kan. 
Nagare gida. isirit^'i^. 

2 Olax, Linn. 

1 scandens, Rdxb, India., c Type specimen. 

3 Opilia, EoxB. 

1 amentacea Roxb. India, s 



OrdEe XXXVII. 

iUCINE/E- 

THE HOLLY FAMILY. 

Scrubs and trees. ' Represented in tlie alpine parts of 
India by several species of Ilex. Leaves coriaceous, simple, 
and often shining. Ffowers' inconspicuous, (often Jgreenish) 
in axillary fascicles or cymes. The Eurbpe holly, Ilex 
Aqmfolium, does not succeed at Bangalore ; but the 
Chinese species named below is not a bad substitute. 

1 Ilex, Linn. 

1 cornuta,'Lindl. China, s F1. green. 

2 Paraguayehs^is, Lamb. Pdraguay Tea Plant, s 

Fl. green. . - 



Oedbr XXXVIII. 

CELASTRINE£. 

THE SPINDLE TREE FAMILY. 

An Order of trees and Shrubs. Many of the latter 
being woody 'climbers. Flowers in axillary cymes, small, 
regular, dsiially 4—5 meroas Mth a conspicuous .disk. 
Indian distrijjution chiefly confined to the hill tPacts. " 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALORE. 39 

1 Euonymus, Linn. 

1 japonicus, Thumb. Japan, s F1. whitish, 
do. 1 ■\sar. aurea variegata, Japan, s 
do. 2 var. variegata. Japan, s 

2 Celastrus, Linn. . 

1 paniculata, Willd. India, o F1. yellowish-green. 
Kan. Kaugbndi balli. =^o7^oaE0^. 

3 Gymnosporia, W. and A. 

1 emarginata, Eoth. Ceylon, s 

2 montana, Roxb. India, -r Fl. white. Kan. 

Tandrasi gida. ^oTiji tsxi, 

4 Elseodendron, Jacq. f. 

1 glaucum, Pers. Ceylon* t F1. greenish-while. 
Km. Mukarive mara. si^* os3 sijd. 



Oedee XXXIX. 

RHAMNE^E. 

THE BUCK THOKN FAMILY. 

An Order of trees and shrubs chiefly confined to the 
tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Note the 
small, regular, often greenish flqwers usually arranged 
in axillary cymes. Note also that the stamens are op- 
posite to the petals, while in Celastrinem they are alternate. 
The species with vernacular names are all good types of 
the family. 

1 Ventilago, G^etn. 

1 madraspatana, Gsei-tn. India, s Kan. PopH gida. 
sfe^a T\-!i. The root-bark of this plant affords 
a good orange dye. 

2 Zizyphus,, Juss. 

V . 1 Jujuba, Lamk, TheBJiere 'Fruit Tree. I;ndia. 
■ Fl. "whitish. Kan. Yelachi mara, <^^ ^^^. 



40 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS, 

2 nunimularia, W. and A. India, cs F1. whitish, 

3 xylopyrus, Willd. iNniA. a s; Fl. whitish. Kan. 

ParpuH gida. !33^SrN!S.'The fruit is eommonly 
eaten by children. 

4 rugosa, Lamk' India, c s El. greenish-white, 

3 Rhamnus, Linn. BucMkorn. 

1 dahuricus, Pall Asia, s II. green. 

2 species. Probably a var. of the former. Fl. 

green. 

4 Scutia, CoMM. 

1 indica, Brongn. India, c s FL greenish- white. 
Kan. Kurudi gida. 's^J^^a hJS. 
Fruit popular with all classes. 

5 Oolubrina, iiien, 

1 asiatica, Brongn. Asia, s FI. yellowish-green. 



Okdee XL. 

AiPELIDE£. 

THE VINE FAMILY. 

True vines are easily determined by their chmbing 
habit, conspicuous leaf-opposed tendrils, small greenish 
flowers in various cymes, and cluster-berried fruit. 
Examine all the parts of the common grape-vine, and 
then turn to the succulent plant Mangarmalli Balli. 

1 Vitis, Linn. {Cisms) 

1 quadrangularis. Wall. India, g. h. Ka/n, 

Mangaruvalh baUi. s^oortdssST, 09^, 

2 discolor, Dalz. Asu. c, h. FL yellowish. 
S velutinus, Lind. Asia. c. h. 

4 glauca, W. and A, Concan. o 

5 vinifera,, Linn. The Grape Tine. W. Asia, cs! 

FL whitish. Kan. Drakshi gidja. ^:s^^% 



BOTANICAL GAIIDEN, tiANGAlOBE. 41 

The following varieties of this useful species are 
found in loral cultivation.-^ 

Aurangabad. i Mrs^ Princse's Muscat. 

Muscat of Alexandria. Black Prince. 

Fosters Seedling. ' Buckland Sweetwater. 

Black Hambro. Royal Muscadine. 



Gros Colman. 
White Frontignac. 
Madarsfield Court. 
Bowood Muscat. 



Black Alicante 
Lady Downes. 
Country White. 
„ Purple. 



6 indica, Linp. Asia, c ^ ^ 

7 Eheedei, W. and A. Asia, a -g ;5 

8 eetosa, Wall. Asia, c S ^ 

9 carnosa, Wall. India, c ^o 

10 auilculata, Koxb. India, c g ^ 

11 argentea (?) Keceived under this name from '.B 

Calcutta. 

12 species. India, o JIaw. Kadu kumbala- balli. =5^3 

A coarse species with fruit the size of a large cherry- 

2 Leea, Linn, 

1 sambucina, WiUd. Asia, s F1. greenish-white, 

3 Ampelopsis, Mich. Virginian Creeper. 

1 tricuspidata. 



Obder XLL 

SAPINDAGE£. 

THE SOAPWOKT EAMILY. 

A large Ofder of trees, (which are most abundant) 

shrubs,* and rarely wiry herbs. Chiefly confined to the 

tropics of S. America and Asia. The leaves are com- 

t jgionly /Jiiiinate, exstipulate, and alternate. There are. 



42 CATALOGUE OP tLANTS. 

however, many exceptions in the technical characters of 
both the leaf and flower. The latter is usually inconspi- 
cuous and unsymmetrical, the stamens being an odd 
number to the corresponding parts. A careful examina- 
tion of Nos. 1, 3 and 5 wiU enlighten the student as to 
the anomalous character of this family. 

1 Oardiospermum, Linn. 

1 Hahcacabum, Linn. Heart Seed. Asia. © c 
Fl. white. Tel. Buddakakaratige. ^r$^^^^ ^iA 

2 AUophyluS, Linn. 

1 cobbe, Biume. Indu. t Fl. yellowish or white. 

3 Sapindus, Plum. 

1 trifolia,tus, Linn. Soapnut Tree. India. H. 
mealy-white. Kan. Kugati mara. 't^jst^ •^orf. 

4 Nephelium, Linn. • 

1 Lit-chi, Camb. The LitcU Tree. China. H. 

greenish-white. 

2 Logana, Camb. Pegu. The Logan Tree, t PI. 

yellowish-white. 

3 species from Java, Beddome. t 

5 Dodousea, Linn. 

1 viscosa, Linn. Asia & Aust. s Fl. green. Kan. 
Bandare gida. sOozSS f\ra. 

6 Melianthus, Touenef. The Emey Shruh 

1 major, Linn. South Africa, s 

7 PauUinia. 

1 oceaniea. 



botaijical garden, bangaloee. 43 

Order XLH. 

ANACARDIACE£. 

THE MANGO FAMILY. 

An important tropical Order of trees and shrubs. 
There is no special characteristic in the leaf arrangement 
beyond the fact that a pecuHar gum-resin is often dis- 
charged by the tender foliage and bark, as in the genua 
Anacardium. The flowers are small, uniexual, bisexual, or 
polygamous ; also unsymmetrical, by the frequent abortion 
of stamens. Ovary generally one-celled. Nos. 3, 5 and 7 
are good types of the family, 

1 Rhus, Linn. 

1 mysorensis, Heyne. Native Sumach, s 

2 Pistacia, Linn, 

1 chinensis, China. 

3 Mangifera, Linn. 

1 indica, Linn, The Mango Tree. India. F1. yello- 

wish. Kan. Mavina mara. s^^SsS sforf. 

2 sylvatica, Koxb. Northern India, t , 

4 Anacardium, Eottb. 

1 occidentale, Linn. The Cashew-Nut Tree. Amer. 
Fl. yellowish with pink stripes. Kan. Turuka 
geru mara. ^itii^T^^^a ^^. 

5 Buohanania, Boxb. 

1 latifolia, Roxb. India, t Fl. greenish-white. 
Kan. Murkalx mara. ^^^J^i^i. 

6 Odina, Roxb. 

1 Wodier, Roxb. India, o? Fl. greenish-yellow- 
Kan. Udi or sinti nlara. e«3a ('rJo&3) ^yd. 



44 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

7 Semecarpus, Linn. 

1 Anacardium, Linn. MarUng-Nut Tree. India. 
FL greenish-white. Kan. Geru mara. f^t^^^:i^. 
„ var. cuneifoHa, DC. India, re Kan. Goddu 
gem mara. T^JS^i^^'iSadoiS. 

8 Spondias, Linn. 

1 mangifera, Willd. /ib^ P^ww.. India. H. green- 

ish-white. Kan. Amate mara. ^^M oixi, 

2 acuminata, Eoxb. India, t F1. whitish. 

3 pleyogena (?) t 

9 Schiims, Linn. 

1 MoUe, Linn. Bastard Pepper Tree. Brazil. M. 
yellowish-white. A graceful weeping tree. 



Oedee, XLIII. 

MORINGE/E. 

HORSE EADISH TEB|] FAMILY. 

This small Order consists of only three species. The 
one entered here is universally known in Indian gardens 
as the "drum stick" and " horse radish tree" Oil of Ben 
is expressed from the seed. : 

1 Moringa, Lamk. 

1 pterygosperma, Gsertn. Uorse Radish Tree, 
India. Kan. Nugge mara. sS^tS ^ sJorf. 

A small soft wooded tree. Profusely covered, in 
Mai'ch, with creamy white flowers. 



botanical gaeden, bangaloee. 45 

Oedee XLIV. 

LEGUMlNOS£. 

Sub^Oedbe I. 
PAPILIONACEa;, 
THE PEA FAMILY, 

It should b© noted that this Order of herbs, shrubs^ 
and trees, the largest but one of flowering plants, is 
arranged under three well defined Sub-Orders — I Pap- 
lionacecBy II Gasalpinim, and III Mimosek. The first 
of these is cosmopolitan, and possesses the typical^ 
irregular, butterfly pea-flower. E^resentatives are found 
in all countries', mostly in the form of herbs, shrubs, and 
twicers ; the trees bemg largely confined to the tropics. 
See the garden pea^ or the field bean, Ave&e^ es^iS. 

Cresalpinieae is confined to the tropical, sub-tropical,, 
and warm temperate parts of the world. It is largely 
made up of trees and shrubs with finely pimmte leaves 
and handsome, irregulair flowers. Examine Nos. 65, 73- 
and 77, all' of whidi are good types. 

Mimosese is also restricted to the warmer parts of 
the globe. The small regular flowers; are usually arrang- 
ed in dense globular heads (puff-balls) or eyhndrical 
spites.. See the indigenous genera. The prqgresave' 
transition from the irregular to the regular form of 
flower can be distinctly traced through these Sub- 
Orders Leguminosae contains nearly 7000 knowB 
spepies. 

1 Genista, Lnor. 

1 spartium (?) Danish Broom, (?) Eueope.. 

2 Bothia, Pees. 

1 tri&liata,, Pfers, Annual weed. Iitdia.. "Fl. pafe 
t yelltow. ^awi Belelaala soppu. s:'i<!f^s^^aSj88@__j^ 

12 



^ CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 

3 Heylandia, DC. 

1 latebrosa, DC. Common weed. India. F1. 

yellow. 

4 Crotalaria, Linn. 

1 juneea, Linn. Yields Sunn Fibre. Asia, s F1. 

yellow. JKjsw. Sanabu gida. ^Spae^ f^. 

2 verrucosa, Linn, s Fl. yellow, white and blue. 

3 sericea, Eetz. India, s FI. puppHsh. , 

4 retusa, Idnn. Asia <fe Teop. Amee. s Fl. yel- 

low tinged with purple, 

5 mysorensis, Roth. India, s EL yellow. * 

6 biiariai, Lion. Western India, s Fl yellow. 

7 speciosa, Heyne. South India, s Fl. yellow. 

8 semperflorens, Vent. India, s Fl. bright yellow. 

9 incana, linn, Tsop. Africa and Asia, s Fl. 

yellow. 

10 Grahamiana W. and A. India, s Fl. yellow. 

11 striata, DC. India, s Fl. yellow striped with 

red. 

12 floribunda, Mnbia. s Fl. yellow. 

13 tectar, Roth. Mysore, s Fl. pale yellow. 

14 oMxensis, Rottl. do. s Fl. yellow. Kan. Kadu 

budde gida. ^!S3Bto!|? T\Ti, 

15 albida, Heyne. do. s Fl. pale yellow. 

16 ferruginea, Grab. India, s Fl. yellowish-brown. 

17 nana, Burm. India. O Fl. pale or creainy 

ydlow. 
IS calycina, Schrank. India. © Fl. pale yellow. 
Kan. Bekkina 'tariidu ^da. ^^^ i^otSo PisS. 

19 species, Fl. orange-yeUow. (Near Loechenaultii, 
DC.) India, s 

5 Trifolium, Linn. 

1 praten3e, Linn, Clov&r. h Europe. Fl. reddish. 

2 repens, Lkn. Europe, xs Fl. pinkidi-white. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALORE. 47 

6 Trigonella, Linn. 

I Foentira-gra3cum, Linn. Fenugreek. %. India. 
S. France, h F1. Kan. Mentyada sopjai. 

7 MeclicagO, Linn. 

1 sativa, Linn. Lucerne. S. Europe, h M. pur- 

ple. Kan. Kudure masale soppu. ^osso;? costjd 

2 lupulina, Linn. Europe, and K - India. H. 

yellow. The Black Medic, h 

3 arborea, Linn. Greece, s El. yellow, 

4 orbicularis, All. Kashmir. O El- yellow. 

8 Oyamopsis, DC. 

1 psoraUoides, DO. India, cultd, :h El. purple. 
Kan. Gori kayi. 71J5i^ef^^s. 

9 Ltipiuus, Linn. Lupin. 

1 Hartwegii, Lindl. Mexico. ) El. blue; purple, 

2 mutabilis. Sweet da O j reddish and white. 

3 luteus, Linn. Sioily. © El. yellow. 

4 pubpscens, Benth. California. © 

5. polyphyllus, Dougl. Columbia, h El. purple to 
white. ^ 

10 Indigofera, Linn. 

1 tinctoria, Linri. Indigo. Asia, s El. reddi»'J^ 

yellow. Kan. Nili gida. ?i«Sf^^. 

2 enneaphylla, Linn. India, h El. reddish-purple. 

3 hirsuta, Linn. India, h El. red. 

4 -atropurpurea, Hamilt. India, s F1. dark red. 

5 pulchella, Eoxb. Indla.. s M. bright red. 

6 trita, Linn. India, s F1. purplish-red. Kan. 

Kadu nih bal'li. '^^^ S^Oai^^. 

7 pentaphylla, Linn. India. © El. bright red. 

Kan. Mh balli. 5?® eo?,. 

8 "Wightii, Grah. India and Ceylon, s El. yel- 

lowish red. 

9 mysorensis, Rottl. India, s El. refd. 



48 CATAiO&UE OF PLANTS. 

11 Mundulea, DC^ 

1 subsrosa, Benth.TEqr. Ateica. s FL silver j- 
red. 

12 Tephrosia, Pees, 

1 Candida, DC. India> s Fl reddish or wMte. 

2 senticosa, Pers. India, s 

3 purpurea, Pers. Trop. Asia. h. s. FL red. 

Kan. Wajarada nili gida, ^zap ?;^© ftjs. 
TeZ. Yempali; chettu, cOo^Qs*6Jaj. 

4 tenuis, Wall. India, h 

§ tinctorig.;, Pers. W. and S. Peninsula, s FL 
pale red. Kan. Batte harikina gida. &ife5,?!Ea 

6 toxicaria, S. Amer. s The herbage is used for- 
poisoning fish. 

12r Sesbahia, Pees. 

1 segyptiaca. Pers. Yields charcoal and pith. 

Egypt, i- Fl. pale yeUOw. Kan, Arisina 
jinangi mara. ^sOro^ sS^sSbPi ssoti, 
do. var. picta,. Pers. India, s Fl. reddish. 
Kem.. Kari jinangi mara. '^^ vS^Tiofs o:?otf. 

2 aculeata, Pers. Teopics of Old "Woeld. s Fl. 

yellow, dotted with red. Ean. MuUu jinan^ 
gida. siwf 3 sS^sSo^ h:«. 

3 proc,umbens, W. and A. do. © Kan. Bendu 

gida. ^adJr\U, 

4 grandiflora, Pers. India t Fl. white. Kcm, 

AgasB' roara. ^'^ sfod. 
5, Yar. coccinea. India, t The red flowered 
variety. 

14 Hedy^amm, Linn. 

1 coroHarium, linn. Frmeh Honey Su^le. Italy. 
Fl. red. h A good fodder herb commonly 
known as the Soolu Chver, 



BOTANICAIi GABDEN, BANGALOEB. 49 



15 Zornia, Gmel. 

1 diphylla, Pers. India. © Fl. reddish-yellow. 
Kan. Nellu jellu soppu. ^^^ ^^afSja^^. 

16 Stylosanthes, Sw. 

1 mucronata, Willd. A common weed. Asia. 

17 .^schynomene, Linn. 

1 indica, Linn. Tropics oe Old Wobld, © 

2 aspera, Linn, Do © 

18 Ormocarpum, Beauv. 

1 sennoides, DO. A native weed, s Fl. yellow. 

19 Eleiotis, DO. 

1 sororia, DC. India. ® A common weed. 

20 Pseudarthria, w and A. 

1 viscida, W and A. India and Ceylon, s 

21 TJraria, Desv. 

1 picta, Desv. Tkop Asia and Africa. F1. pur- 
ple. 

22 Lourea, Neck. 

1 vespertilionis, Desv India h 

23 Alysicarpus, Neck. 

1 bupleurifolius, DC. India. © 

2 rugosuSj DC. India. © or biennial. 

24 Desmodium, Desv- 

1 umbellatum, DC. Asia, s F1. red. 

2 latifolium, DO. Asia, s FJ. red. 

3 polycarpum, DO. Asia, s F1. reddish. 

4 triflorum, DC. Asia, -h Kan. Kadu puHana- 

pursi soppu. Tfsz^^i^p^r) ?5«»^^. 
p gyrans, DO. India. sThis sensitive plant is 
very common about Bangalore. Fl. rosy-red, 
' 13 



50 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

6 pulchellum, Benth. s India. Students should 

observe the peciiliar leaf-arrangement of 
this shrub. Kan. Sigiti, gida. "f^V^^ ^^. 

7 Eottleri, Baker. Mysore. ^ 

8 parvifolium, DC. India, h 

25 Abrus, Linn. 

1 precatorius, Linn. Wild lAquorice, India, c 
s Fl. reddish or white. Kan. Gurugangi 
balli. r(o:5orio23 a)9^. The white-seeded -variety 
is called Bill gurugangi. ^^^ riodortosS. * 

26 Oicer, Linn- 

1 arietinum, Linn. Yields Bengal Gram. India. 
© M. purple. Kan. Kadale gida, =5'sSe5P\z«. 

27 Vicia. Linn. 

1 Faba Linn. The Garden Bean. Eueope. ©'M. 

white. 

2 sativa, Linn. Vetch or Tare. Europe. ® Fl. i^ed 

to blue. 

28 Ervum, Linn. 

1 Lens, Linn. S. Eueope. © The Lentil. ■* 

29 AracMs, Linn 

1 hypogea, Linn. Ground Nut. Tkop. Amek. 
Fl. yellow. Kan. Nela or beru kadale gida.» 
So3?^do'5=5Sd p>zs. Largely cultivated as a field 
crop. 

30 Lathyrus, Linn. 

1 odoratus, Linn, Sweet Pea. Sicily, o H. 
various. 

31 Pisum, Linn. 

1 sativum, Linn. Garden Tea. S. Eueope, © M^ 

■White. 

2 arvense, Linn. Country Pea. India. Fl. white 

Kan. Batani gida. s^toipS ^^l. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALORE. 51 

32 Glycine, Linn 

1 javanica, Einn. India, c Fl. reddish. Kan. Kadu 

a-vare gida. =5^ss»i^t f^^s. 

2 Soja, Sieb. and Zucc. N. India. East Asia. 

!P1. reddisli. T/«e Soja i?ea«. 

33 Teramnus, Siv. 

1 labialia, Spreng. India, c Fl. reddish. 

34 Mucuna, Adans. Cowitch. 

1 atropurpurea, DO. India, o Fl. reddish-purple. 

2 pruriens, DO. (Cultivated.) India. © Fl. purple. 

3 monosperma, DO. India, a FI. dark purple, 

calyx nearly black. Kan. Anipe balli. ^selsS 

4 capitata, W and A. India. (cultd.)©Fl. purple, 

Kan. Nasagunni baUi. ^7^^Ti^'!^^_ ai^. 

35 Erythrina, Linn, 

1 indica, Lam. Indian Coral Tree. Fl. red. Kan. 

Warjipe mara. sssSr?* sSori. 

2 do. \ar.aVoa, Indian White-Coral Tree. Kan. 

Bili -warjipe mara. sS'Sss^rsS siod. 

3 stricta, Roxb. India, t Fl. coral-red. 

4 cristagalli, Linn. Brazil, s Fl. crimson. 

5 Blakii, (?) s Fl large, pale red. 

6 glauca, Willd. America, t Fl. coral-red. 

7 bvalifolia, Eoxb. India t Fl. scarlet-red. 

8 suberosa, Roxb. India t Fl. red. 

36 Galactia, P. Br. 

1 tenuiflora, W. and A. India, a Fl. reddish. 

37 Butea, Eoxb. 

1 frondosa, Eoxb. Pulas Kino Tree. iNDi^t. Fl. 

bright orange-red, Kan. Muttuga mara. 

2 superba Roxb. India, c Fl, orange-red. 



52 CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 

38 Oanavalia, DO. 

1 ensiformis, DO. Sword Bean. India, c F1. red 

or white. Kan. Tamate gida. ^sSo^ rsi_ 

2 Do var. virosa, India, c Kan. Kadu tamrne 

balli. =^3:^0^530^? b3¥|. 

3 obtusifolia, DO. Teop. Asia, o Fl. red. 

39 Phaseolus, Linn. 

1 lunatus, Linn. Country Haricct. k Fl. greenish- 
. yellow. 

2 vulgaris, Linn. The Kidney Bean. Ubiquitous. 

O Fl. white. Kan. Huralikaji gida. ^i^^V^cBa 

3 coc'cineus, Lam. Scarlet JRunner. Ubiquitous © 

Fi. scarlet, 

4 adenanthus, Q. F. Meyer. Teop. Asia- o FI. 

red, showy. 

5 trilobas, Ait. India, a Fl. pale yellow. 

6 Mungo, Linn. Green Grain. Trop. Asia. 

Fl. yellow. Kan. Hesaru gida- ^^^^ r^zs. 

7 do. var. glaber, Eoxb. Trop. Asia. 
Black Gram, c Kan. Yuddu gida- ^cS^'htS.' 

8 do. var. Wightianus, Grab. Tbop. Asia, c 
Kan. Kadu vuddu gida. '^^i ^^^^ ^n. 

40 Vigna Savi. 

1 Catiang, Endl. Alsandi Bean. Tbop. Asia. © FI. 
yellow or reddish. Kan. Alasandi balli. «e> 

41 Pachyrhizus, Rich. 

1 augulatus, Rich. Tjbop. Asia, a Fl. red. 

42 Clitoria, Linn 

1 Ternateai Linn. Teop. Asia, c FI. blue with 
orange centre. Kan, Gida karnike balh. f>* 



BOTANICAL GAEDENj BANGALOEp. 53 

2 Ternatea, var. plenus. c Fl. blue. 

3 do. pilosula, "Wall, o M. white and 
orange. 

4 biflora, Dalz. a s M. white and orange. 

43 Dolichos, Link. 

1 Lablab. Linn. Cow Gram. Teop Asia, c Fl. 

white. Kan. Avare gida. essJSfNi^. 

2 biflorus, Linn. Horse Gram. Teop. Asia. © Fl. 

yellow. Kan. Hurali gida ^'d^¥\^, 

3 species near falcatus, Klein. Teop. Asia, c Kan- 

Kadu huraH gida, '^^ ^r5^?\zi__ 

Note two varieties of the first named, known res- 
pectively as Gennu cMkadee halli, having white flowers, 
and CMkadee balli with reddish flowers. 

44 Psophocarpus, Neck. 

1 tetragonolobus, DC. Goa Bean. India. © II. 
lilac. 

45 Atylosia, W. and A. 

1 lineata, W. and A. India, s Kan. Kadu kadale 

gida. 'Six&'i =3'a«3r\zij 

2 albicans, Benth. India c Kan. Nellavare, Gen- 

nn nellavare. ^%^^. ^^^ Sgjsidj'.js. 

3 scarabseoides, Benth. India. =: c Fl. yellow. 

46 Cajanus, DO. 

1 indicus, Sprang. Pigeon Pea or DhoU. s Fl. 
yellow, or veined with red. Kan. Turuka 
togari gida. s^^^'^^j ilj37ior\:s. 
The smaller field variety is called Holada togari 
gida. 3ojs£izSiij5iriOhtS, 

47 Cylista, Ait. 

1 scarioBa, Ait. India, o H. yellowish red. 

14 



54 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

48 Rhynchpsia, Loub. 

1 minima, DO. Everywhebe in Tkopic&. Fl. 

yellow. ' 

2 viscosa, DC Tkop. Old Woeld. o. 

3 rufescens, DO. Inbia. b s Kan. Kadu togari 

gida. =5^3^^J®!io ^^S. 

4 Heynei, W, and A. S. India, c s 

5 nummalaria,DO.WESTEBN India & Ceylon. © 

6 cyanosperma, Benth. India 'c3 This is a striking 

jungle climber, Fl- bright red, or pure white. 

49 Flemingia, Eoxb, 

1 strobilifera, R. Bb, Tbop. Asia, s Fl. purple. 

2 congesta, Roxb. Tbop. Asia, s 

50 Dalbergia, Linn. eil. Cabinet Rosewood. 

1 sissoo, Roxb. India, t Fl. yellowish. Kan. 

Biridi mara. sStiSsSarf. 

2 latifblia, Eoxb. India t Fl. whitish. Kan. Biti 

mara. s3?e»3»i3'S. 

3 rimosa, Roxb. Fl. whitish, c 

4 melanoxylon, Beddome ? From Java. Fl. white. 

5 sympathetica, Nimmu. "West:^en India, c Fl. 

white. 

6 lanceolaria, Linn. India, t Kan. Hasuruganni 

mara. aS?S3&)i?ij_ rfarf. 

7 paniculata, Roxb. iNDti. t Fl. yellowish. Kan. 

Pacheri mara. s^^o ^^• 

8 monosperma, Dalz. India and China, o 

51 Pterocarpus, Linn. 

1 Marsupium, Roxb. Kim Tree. India. Fl. yel- 

lowish. Kan. Honne mara. ^jbS^^sSsjJ. 

2 santahnus, Linn. India, t Fl. yellowish, t Kan. 

Eaktachandana mara. ti^ sSoiSfS s^Jti, 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALOEB. 55 

52 Pongamia, Vent. 

1 glabra, Vent. Indian Beech, t F1. white or 
purple. Kan. Honge rnara. ^^ort sJocJ. 

53 Derris, Loue. 

1 scandens, Benth. Teop Asia, c M. pal e rose. 

2 Heyneana, Benth. Mysoee. c FI. rosy-red. 

54 Sophora, Linn. 

1 tomentosa, Linn. Teop. Asia, s El. yellow. 

2 interruptai Bedd. India, s Fl. bright yellow. 

55 Virgilia, Lam. 

1 capensis, Lam. 0. G. Hope. 

56 Goodia, Salisb. 

1 latifolia, Salisb. Auste. s 

57 Templetonia, R. Be. 

1 retusa, R. Br. S. Auste. s 

58 Swainsonia, Salisb. 

1 galegifolia, K. Br. Auste. 

59 Myrospermum, Jacq. Myroxylon. 

1 toluiferum. Balsam of Tolu Tree. S. Ambe. Fl- 

rose. 

2 peruiferum, Ecuador and Peru. This tree yields 

a fragrant balsam called " Olea Vermelho." 

60 Viminaria, Smith. 

1 denudata, Smith. S. Auste. s 

61 Olianthus, Soland. 

1 Dampieri, A. Cunn. SturVs Pea. S. Aust. o 

PI. scarlet. 

2 punicens, Soland. Ghry Pea. N. Zeal, o Fl. 

crimson. 



56 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS, 

62 Robinia, Linn. 

1 pseudo-acacia, Linn. N. Amee. -r ^ 

63 Castanospermum, A. Cunn. 3Joreton Bay 

Chesnut. 
1 australe, A. Ounn. t F1. orange-crimson. 

64 Brownea, W. 

1 grandicepa, Jacq, Oaraccas. t P1. red. 

2 rosea, W. Indies. Shrub or small tree. Fl, rose 



Sub-Order II. 
CJESALPINIEJS. 
THE SENNA FAMILY, 
65 Csesalpinia, Linn. 

1 Bonducella, Fleming, Nicker Plant. Trop, 

Asia, <? Fl. yellow, Kan. Sanna gajjiga gida. 

2 Nuga, Ait. Trop. Asia, c Fl. yellow. 

3 sappan, Linn. Sappan Wood Tree. India. Kan. 

Patangada mara. sj^ortzS d:d. 

4 pulchernma, Swartz. Flower Fence, t Fl. red 

tinged with yellow. Kan. Kenjige mara 

5 do. var. lutea. t Fl. orange-yellow. 

6 sepiaria, Roxb. Mysore Thorn. Teop. Asia, c 

Fl. yellow. Kan. Kurudu gaijige gida. =5^0^^^ 

ea 

7 mimosoides, Lam. India, c 11. yellow. 

8 coriaria, Wild. American Sumach, t Also 

called ' Divi Divi.' Fl. pale yellow. 

9 Bonduc, Roxb. India, c Fl. yellow. Kan. Gajji- 

ga gida. 7^83 A T\^, 



BOIANICAL GAEBEBT, BANGALORE. 57 

10 tmctoria (?) S. Ameb. t F1. reddish. 

66 Peltophorum, Vogel. 

1 ferrugineum, Benth. Tbop. Asia, x H. yellow. 

67 Mezoneurum, Desf. 

1 Cucullatum, W. and A. Hills of India, a The 
garden plant is probably the var. grandis, 
Heyne. It is very fine. H yellow, slightly 
streaked red. 

68 Pterolobium, E. Be. 

1 indicum, A. Rich. Ijtdia. c Fl. dull white. Kan. 

Bada bakka balli. so3si20=|. so?,." 

2 do. var. microphylluro, Miq. a 

69 Poinciana, Linw, 

1 elata, Linn. Affords manure for indigo, India. 

T Fl. pale yellow.; Zflw. Sunkatti nxara. '^i^o 

_fi 

2 Eegia, Bojer. GoUmohw Tree. Madagasoae. 

Fl. crimson-yellow ^v gold streaked with 
scarlet and crimson, very fine. 

70 Parkinsonia, Linn. 

1 aculeata, Linn. Jerusalem Thorn. Teop Amee. 
Fl. yellow. Shrub or small tree. 

71 Wagatea, Dalz. 

1 spieata, Dalz. India, a Fl. orange. 

72 Gleditschia, Linn. Ikney Loeusi Tree. 

1 ferox. From Java, 

. 15 



58 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

73 Cassia, Linht. 

1 Kstula, Linn, t F1, yellow. Kar>. Kakke mara. 

The Indian Laburnum, 's^'^siirf 

2 marginata. Rcxb. Fragrant Cassia. India, t 

Fl. reddish. A fine tree. 

3 Sophera, Linn. India, s F1. lilac or purple. 

4 Tora, Linn. Foetid Cassia. Teop Asia © Fl, 

yellow. Kan. Gundu ta.gaci gida. riooz*osrt?j 

5 auriculata, Linn. Tanner's Cassia. India, s Fl. 

yellow. Kan. Olle tangadi gida. aji^i^orta?\2«. 

6 alata, Linn. Eing-worm SJirvb. Teop. Asia. Fl. 

orange-yellow. Kan. Sime agase gida. r^esS^ 

7 lanceolata, Wall. Senna Plant. Afeica. © 

8 glauca, Lam. Sulphur Flowered. India, t 

9 siamea, Lara. Malay Isds. t Fl. yellow. (C. 

florida, Vahl.) Kan. Sime tangadi mara. 

10 pumila, Lam. India, s Kan. Nela tagaci gida. 

(3w^r!?ci^:S. An abundant weed in mixed 
pasture land. Fl. yellow. 

11 Occident alls, Linn, India, s Fl. pale lilac. Kan. 

Koltagaci gida. ^js?^ i^^iJJ?^^^. 

12 tomentosa, Linn. Trop. Amer. s Fl. brieht- 

yellow. Kan. Sogadu tagaci gida. ?5>/a)r!Eo ^rt 

13 pubescens? 

14 bicapsularis, Liim. Teop. Amee, Fl. bright- 

yellow. 

15 Absus, Linn. India. © Fl. reddisb-yellow. 

16 obovata, CoUad. India, s Fl. pale-yeUow. Kan. 

Nelavarilse ^da. ^55io=# f\s. 
J7 montana. Heyne. India, s Fl. yelbw. Kan. 
Betta tangadi gida ? sSW^sorta h^. 



BOTANICAL aARDEN, BANGALORE. 59 

74 Hardwickia, Roxb. 

1 binata, Roxb. India, t Kan. Karachi mara. 
^03?i dirf. Timber dark coloured and good, 

75 Saraca, Linn. 

1 indica, Linn. Asoca Tree. India. M. orange-red. 
Kan. Asokada mara. es^Js^^zS ^^'^, 

76 Amherstia, Wall. 

1 nobilis, Wall. Bukmah and Malacca, t F1. 
red and yellow. This is a splendid tree, 
but requires the moist heat of the tropics. 

77 Tamarindus, Linn. 

1 iiidica, Linn. 'lamarind Tree. Teop. Asia. Fl. 

yellow, striped red. Kan. Hunise mara- 

2 occidentalis, Gsert, West Indian Tamarind t 

Fl, yellow, striped red. 

78 Hymensea, Linn. 

1 courbaril, Linn. Locud Tree- W. Indies. PI, 
whitish. 

79 Humboldtia, Vahl. 

1 laurifoha, Vahl. India, t 

80 Bauhiuia, Linn. Mountain Ebony. 

1 tomentosa, Linn. Trop. Asia and Africa. 

s Fl. yellow. Kan. Vana sampage gida. 

2 acuminata, Lipn. Trop. Asia. * Fl. whitish. 

Kan. BiH kanchivalada mara. sS^^oBSosvzSdotf. 

3 Vahlii, W. & A. Gigantic GsmeVs-FQQt India, 

c Fl. yellowish. 



60 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

4 purpurea, Linn. India and China, t FJ. purple- 

reddish. Kan. Kanchivalada mara. ^os^rosp'iS 
doc!. ■ 

5 variegata, Linn> India and China, t Fl, white 

or variegated with red rose and yellow. Kan. 
Bili Kanchivalada mara. '^'i'^di^^i'^T^^^, 

6 Hookerii, F. Muell. N. Austk. t Fl. varie- 

gated. 

7 racemosa', Lara. Teop. Asia, t Fl. yellow. 

10 macrophylla. (?) From Calcutta. Fl. varie- 

gated, c 

1 1 anguina, Eoxb. Malabar, o Fl. white. 

1 2 malabarica ? Eoxb. India, ■n? Kan. Basawana- 

padda mara ? aisj^sSsJsrfddo'i. 

13 species^ T Kaw. Achalu mara. e3£^a;o»i^rf. 

The Bauhinias are trees and shrubs with 
strikingly handsome flowers, many ol which 
are also fragrant. 

81 Hsematoxylon, Linn. 

1 campechianum, Linn. Logwood. S. Amee. t Fl. 
yellowish. 

82 Colvillea, Boj (?) 

1 racemosa, (?) t Fl. orange tinged with red. 

83 Ceratonia, Linn. 

1 siliqija, Linn. Garoh Bean. Levant, t Fl. 
reddish brown to pale yellow. 

84 Louchocarpus, 

1 latifolius. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALOEE. 61 

Sub-Oeder III. 

MIMOSE^. 

THE WATTLE FAMILY. 

The Australian wattles have not succeeded well at 
Bangalore. But the indigenous Jalis are promnent and 
oft repeated in the arborescent Elora of the maidaii. 

85 Neptunia, Lour. 

1 oleracea, Lour. Trop. Asia. 

86 Adenanthera, Linn. 

1 pavonina, Linn. Red-Wood Tree. J'sdia. Kan . 
Manjatti or manjadi tnara. 5:ooto>a^ (sjoo&aj 

87 Prosopis. 

1 glandulosa. Mesquit Bean. Texas, t Fl. yellow 

2 juliflot-a, DC. S. Amee. t F1. yellowish. 

88 Dichrqstachys, DC. 

1 cinere.-i, W and A. India, s Kan. Wadu warada 
niara. s^ti'^ssaczS sSio 

89 Parkia, E. Br. 

1 biglandulosa, W. and A. Africa, t F1. white 
. Kan. Sivalinga mara. ?<;«3Scrisoci. 

90 Desmanthus, WiLLD. 

1 virgatus, WiUd. India, s 

91 Leucsena, Benth. 

1 glauca, Benth. Trop. Amee. x F1. white. 

92 Mimosa, Linn. 

1 pudica, Ljnn, Eumhle Tltmt. Brazil, s F1. 

purple; Kan. Mudugudavare gida. s^ooj^orio 

2 rubicaulis, Lam. B/rawUe Stalk t F1. purplish. 

16 



62 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

93 Acrocarpus, W. & A. 

1 fraxinifolius, Wight. Shingls Tree. India. F]. 
scarlet. Coorg. Howlige mara. '^^'^^^'^. This 
is now considered, by many planters, to be 
one of 1 he best trees for coffee- shade. 

94 Acacia, Willd. Wattle. 

1 Faniesiana, Willd. Fragrant Acacia. India. 

T El. yellow. Kan. Kastsrijali mara. ■tfs.^o 

2 arabica, Willd. Bahool. Teop. Asia, t F1. yel- 

low. Kan. Karijali or gobli mara. ^ossQ 

3 leucophlsea, Willd. Panicled Acacia. India. 

T Fl. pale yellow. Kan. Bilijali mara. sSVissS 

4 suma, Kurz. White-harheA Acacia. India, t 

Fl. white. Kan. Mugali mara. sioortVsiod. 

5 catechu, Willd. Brown-harked Acacia, t Fl. 

yellow. Kan. Kaggali mara. '^Tii) ^i-d, 

6 sundra, DC. India, t Fl. yellow. 

7 dealbata, Link. Auste. t Silver Wattle. 

8 decurrens, Willd. Auste. o? Black Wattle. 

9 longifoha. Willd. Auste. t 

10 melanoxylon, 11. Br. Auste. t Austr. Black- 

wood. 

11 pycnantha, Benth. S. Auste. t Golden or 

Green Wattle, 
,12 saligna, Wendl. W. Auste t 

13 cultriformis, A. Cunn. Auste. t 

14 nerii folia, A. (>unn. Auste. t 

15 concinna, DC. Soap-nut Acacia. India, c Fl. 

pale yellow. Kan. Cige gida. ?<7^?\a. 

16 Intsia, Willd, ? India, c Fl. yellow. Kan. 

Kempu cige gida ? '€o^'k(A?\:$, 

17 ferruginea; DO. India, t Fl. yellowish. iTaw. 

Banni mara. ^^^i^. 



BANGALOKE. 63 

18 homalophylla, Cunn. N. S. "Waleb. t The 
Victorian Myall 

95 Albizzia, Dueazz. 

1 Lebbek, Benth. Tbop. Asia, t PI. greenish 

yellow. Kan. Eage mara. z^t^s^j^. 

2 Julibrissin, Durazz. Trop. Asia, x M. red- 

yellow. 

3 stipulata, Bow. Teop. Asia, t F1. straw. Kan. 

Hotte bage mara. ^J®^?w37^*S:)rf. 

4 amara, Bow. India, t Kan. Sujjalu mara. 

5 odoratissima, Benth. India, t JSTaw. Bilvarada 

mara. saosgtfddotf, 

96 Pithecolobium, Maet. 

1 saman, Bain Treg. S. Amee. Fl. reddish purple 

2 dulce, Benth.. CorkapooU. Philipp. Isds. t 

Kan. Sime hunise. ri^iSa^oesS sSorf. 

3 bigeminuin ? Benth. A large soft-wooded tree. 

Not unlike the rain tree. M. reddish-purple. 



Oedee XLV. 

ROSAGEyE. 

THE ROSE FAMILY. 

An important Order of herbs, shrubs, and trees ; 
mostly confined to cool temperate regions. Owing to con- 
siderable diversity in structure the family is arranged 
into tribes, and by some botanists into sub-orders. Its 
general characters are defined as follows: — Leaves 
alternate, rarely opposite, stipulate. Flowers regular, 
(except in Ghrysobalane<s) usually showy, and often 
fragrant.' Corolla polypetalous. Stamens indefinite and 
perigynous. Ovary of one or more free or connate 
carpels. Fmii variable, but often conspicuous and 



64 CATALOGUE 01" PLANTS,. 

handsome as in the apple, peach, and loquat. Nos. 1 , 
3, 4, 6 and 7 afford good types of the principle tribes. 
Compare them carefully with each other. 

1 PrurniS, Linn. 

1 Persica, Benth. T]ie P-each Tree. Persia. 

2 do. var. The Nectarine Tree. 

3 armeniaca, Linn, The Apricot Tree. Armenia. 

4 communis, Huds. The Plum Tree. Europe. 

2 Spiraea, Linn. 

1 astilboides. 

3 Rubus, Linn. 

1 idseuSj'Linn. Baspberry. Europe, s F1. reddish. 

2 rosaeiblius, bmith. Blackberry. Mauritius. 

s i'l. pale red. 

3 ksiocarpus, Smith. Alpine India, c Fi. pur- 
plish red. The Indian Raspberry. 

4 Fragaria, Linn. 

1 vesca, Linn. Strawberry. Europe, bc F1. white. 

5 Poterium, Linn. 

1 saguisorba, Linn. Burnet. Europe, s 

6 Bosa, Linn. Th^ Bose. Kan. Gulabi gida. ^^"^ ^^. 

1 centifolia, Linn. Provence JRose. Caucasus. 

2 Daihascena, Linn. Damask Rose. 

8 GaUica, Linn. French Bcse. Europe. 

4 bracteata, Wendl. Macartney Bose. China. 

5 sulphurea. Ait. Double Yellow Bose. Asia Minor. 

6 indica, Linn. !«&, China, and Tea Boses. 

China. 

7 microphylla, Lindl. Small-leaved Bose. 

8 alba, Linn. White or Belgic Base. Caucasus. 

9 Eglanteria, Linn. Austrian Bose. Asia Mince. 



i 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALOEE, 65 

10 Banksiae, Br. Banksian Bose. China. 

11 microcarpa, Lindl. China. 

12 longicuspiS) Bertol. Evergreen Bose. Caucasus. • 

13 moschata, Mill. Musk and Noisette Bose. 

Himalaya. 

14 multiflora, Thunb. Japan and China. 

1 5 arvensis, Huds. Ayrshire Base. 

16 spinosissima, Linn. Scotch Bose. 

17 rubiginosa, Linn. Sweet Brier. Eueope. 

Note. — A descriptive list of the varieties in local 
cultivation will be found at the end of the Catalogue. 

7 Eriobotrya, Lindl. 

1 japonica, Lindl. The Loquai. Japan, t M. white 
Kan. Lakkote mara. t)=^J® ?fe3 s^jrf. 

8 Pyrus, Linn. 

1 Malus, Linn. Apple Tree. Peesia. F1. Kan. 

Sevugida. ?3?5§!^2^. 

2 communis, Linn. Pear Tree. Peesia. PL white. 



Oeder XLVI. 

SAXeFRAGAGE£. 

THE SAXIFRAGE FAMILY. 

An Order of herbs, shrubsj and a few tropical trees. 
Excepting the latter, its species are scattered through- 
out the cold and temperate regions of the world, or at 
high elevations in tropical, and snb-tropical countries. 
Leaves alternate, simple, and usually entire ; or merely 
lobed. Flowers less conspicuous than in Bosac&s and 
usually irregular. Stylep corresponding to the number 
of carpels. This family is closely allied to the precedd- 
ing one, although, comparatively, 'of little, economic 
value. It consists largely of alpine weeds. 

17 



66 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

1 Saxifraga, Linn. 

1 sarmentosa, Linn. fil. CfflNA, « Fh wliitisli, 

2 Vahlia, Thumb. 

1 viscosa, Roxb. A weed. Indla.. M. whitisli, 

3 Hydrangea, Linn, 

1 hortensis, DC. China, s Fl. white and blue. 



Oedee XLVII 

CRASSULAGE/E. 

THE STONECEOP FAMILY. 

An Order of fleshy herbs represented in India by- 
eight genera. Very similar in structure to the precejld- 
ing family, from which species are distinguished by their 
succulent habit, terminal cymose inflorescence, and fol- 
licular fruit. The local herb Nununni gida exhibits the 
general chargicter of the Order, 

1 Tillaea, Linn. 

1 pentandra, B-oyle. India, hl F1. white, 

2 Bryophyllum, Salisb. 

I calycinum, Sahsb. s Fl. greenish-red with a 
dash of purple. 

3 Kalanchoe, Adans. 

1 spathulata, DC. (?) India, h Kan. Nununni 

gida. oSicSi^f^Pit*. 

2 floribunda, W. and A. India, h Kan, Nununni 

gida. ?5Jt!^;^cij_ f\S. 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALORE. 67 

3 grandiflora, W. and A. India, k Kan. Fl. yel- 

low of diflerent shades. 

4 crenata, Haw. Teop. Africa, h Kan. Fl. yel- 

low of different shades. 

4 OotyledOU, Linn. Introdnced herbs. 

1 agavoides. These succulents do well 

2 clavifolia cristata. in a dry situation, and 

3 gibbiflora. | are pretty rock-work 

4 Peacockii. plants. 

5 Sedum, Linn. 

1 species .A prostrate herb with bright yellow 
flowers. Much used for bordering. 

6 Echeveria, DC. 

1 secunda, Booth. 'Mexico, h 



Order XLVIII. 

DRQSERAGE/E. 

THE SUNDEW FAMILY. 

A family of herbs represented in India by only two 
genera. The type species in this collection is well known 
to botanical students as being closely aUied to one of the 
carnivorous plants of text books. 

It is a small, reddish, starlike plant with glandular 
hairs ; found in the moist beds of nullahs. Abundant in 
Mysore. 

1 Drosera, Linn. 

1 Burraanni, Vahl. India, k The Indian Sun- 
dew. Fl. rose. 



68 catalogue 0¥ plants. 

Oedee XLIX. 

A small Order of weak aquatic herbs or diminutive 
land weeds. India has five genera, of which three are 
aquatic and two terrestrial. 

1 Myriophyllum, Linn. 

1 intermedium, DC. Aquatic herb. India. 



Oedek L. 

COiBRETACE£. 

THE MYEOBALAN FAMILY. 

Trees or shrubs ; the latter often cHmbing. The 
leaf arrangement is variable, excepting that the leaves are 
extipulate and usually entire. Flowers with or without 
a coroUa, in small crowded racemes , often creamy-white 
and occasionally foetid as in Terminalia helerica. The 
most constant character is found in the inferior one- 
eelled ovary, in which there are 2 — 7 ovules suspended 
by a funicle. The genus Terminalia affords some of our 
commonest forest trees. See the glandular leaf-stalk 
and winged fruit of some of the latter. 

Genera 4 and 5 are much cultivated for their hand- 
some flowers. 

1 Terminalia, Linn. 

1 catappa, Linn. Country Almond Tree. Teop. 
Asia. F1. pale yellow. Kan. Badami mara. 

3 belerica, Roxb. Beleric Myrdbalan. India, t 
Fl. pale yellow. Kan. Tare mara ssSsdici. 

3 paniculata. Roth. India., t Kan. Huluve mara. 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALORE. 69 

4 chebiila,, Eetz. India t Kan. Arale kayi mara. 

5 citrina,, Roxb. India, t F1. creamy-yellow. • 

6 arjuna, Bedd. ' India and .Geylon. t Kan. 

Toramatti or bill matti mara.- ^jsjSs^jS^ 

7 tomentosa, Bedd. Kan. Heb huluve mara. 

8 „ var. typica ? 

9 myriocarpa, Heurck and Muell. India, t 

The names " Permatti" and " Chittu huluve" 
are also applied to species of Terrainalia. 

2 Auogeissus, Wall. 

1 latifolia, Wall. India, t Kan. Dindiga mara 

3 Combretunj., Linn. 

1 acuminatum, Roxb. Jndia. p. s 

2 densiflorum, Sieeka Leone c s 

3 comosum ? Sieeea Leone, c s 

4 ovalifolium, Eoxb. India, c s 

5 extensum, Roxb. India, c s 

4 Poivrea, Comm. 

1 coccinea, DO. Madagascae. o F1. scarlet. 

5 Quisqualis, Linn. . , 

1 indica, Linn. Bangoon Creeper. India. F1. white 
and red. 



Oedee LI. 



THE MYRTLE FAMILY. 

A large and well defined Order of shrubs and trees. 
Chiefly tropicar and sub-tropical in both hemispheres. 

18 



J 1 



70 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

Leaves opposite, rarely alternate, simple, entire and 
usually marked by an intra-marginal vein. The greater 
part of them are also marked with glandular dots. 
Flowers axillary or termioal, regular, and usually showy 
on account of the indefinite number and large' growth of 
the stamens. The genus Eugenia, of which the local 
tree Nerale mara is a type, ia represented in the hill 
forests of India by over 100 species. But the great 
Australian genus Eucalyptus contains about 300 species. 
Examine specimens of Nos. 2, 4, 6 and 7. 

1 Melaleuca, Linn. 

1 hypericifolia, Sm. Atjste. s 

2 Preissiana, Schaw. Austr. s 

2 Tristania, R. Br. 

1 conferta, R. Br. E. Austr. t El. yellow. 

2 neriifolia, R. Br. E. Austr. t 

3 Oallistemon, R. Be. 

1 ruguloBum, s. Austr. 

2 rigidus, R. Br. Austr. s 

4 Eucalyptus, L'Herit. Gum Tree. 

1 globulus, Labill, Blue Gum. Tasmania, t 

2 marginata, Sm. W. Austr. t The Jarrali. 

3 citriodora, Hook. E. Austr. ?? Lemon-scented^ 

Gum. 

4 cornuta, Labill. W. Austr. t The Fate Tree. 

5 corynocalyx, E. Muell. Austr. t 

6 Stuartiana, E. Muell. Austr. t 

7 paniculata. Austr. t 

8 rostrata. do. t Bed Gum of S. Australia. 

9 heraiphloia. do. -r Australian Box Tree. 

10 saligna. do. t 

11 calophylla, R. Br. W. Austr. t Bed Gum Tree. 

12 virainalis, Labill. Austr. t 



:r-1 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALOBE, 71 

1 3 polyanthemos. do. rt Bed Box Tree- 

14 robusta, Sra. E. Auste. t 

1 5 corymbosa, Sm. Auste. t The Bloodkood Tree. 

5 MyrtuS, Linn. 

1 communis, Linn. The Myrtle. S. Bueopb, s EL 
white. 

6 Psidium, Linn. 

1 guyava, Linn. The Ouava. Tuop. Asia, t F1. 

white. Kan, Chepe mara. ^i^^^^. 

2 „ var. pyxiferum, White pear-shaped, i- 
' 3 „ var. pomiferum. Bed apple-shaped, t 

4 „ var. variegata s 

7 Eugenia, Linn. 

1 jambos, Linn. TJie Bdse Apple. N. India, t FJ, 

white, Kan. Pannerale mara. c^^tfs? sSotJ. 

2 jambolana, Lam. The Jarmon. India, t F1, 

white. Kan. Nayi nerale mara. jyscCoS^tf^siot;, 

3 „ var. caryophyllifolia, Fl. whitish. 

4 „ var. obtusifolia. Fl. whitish. 

5 m^Iaccensis, Linn. Fl. red. 

6 rayrtifolia, Koxb. s Fl. white. 

7 speices, A tree 

8 Barringtonia, Forst. 

1 speciosa, Forst, Ceylon, t Fl. red, 

9 Careya, Roxb. 

1 arborea, Roxb. India, t Fl. white and red. 
Kan. Gouju mara. rrswsSoti, 

10 Oouroupita, Aubl. 

1 guianensis, Aubl. Cannon Ball Tree. Guiana, 
Fl. red and orange. 



72 catalogue oy plants. 

Obdee LII. 

iyiELASTOIVlAGE£. 

THE MELASTOMA FAMILY. 

This is a large tropical family of herbs and shrubs, 
rarely climbers and trees. Leaves opposite, simple, 
entire, and prominently marked by three to five-nerves 
running from base to apex. Flowers regular and usually 
showy. Petals twisted or contorted in sestivation. 
Stamens, never exceeding ten, but often a smaller 
number.- The peculiar structure of the latter is a ready 
guide to plants of this Order. But Indian representa- 
tives are mostly confined to the hills. 

1 Osbeckia, Linn. 

1 zeylanica, Willd. Inbia. O FL. purple-mauve. 

A marsh ■ herb. Kan. Akka jogi gida. «£.=^ 

2 hispidissima, "^ight. India, s F1. dark crim- 

son. 

2 Melastoma, Linn. 

1 malabathriciim, Linn. Indian BJiodadendron. s 
Fl. mauve-purple. 

3 Sonerila, Roxb. 

1 elegans, Wight. W. India, s Fl. red or hght 
mauve. 

4 Heterotrichum, 

1 niveum. 



Sub-Oedbr. 
MEMECYLE.ffl. 



These are glabrous shrubs or small trees, witlj 
dense clusters of small 4 — merous flowers growing on 



BOTANICAL GABDBK, BANGALOEE. 7S 

the stems under the leaves. The flowers are bright Idue 
and white. Bersy one — seeded^ 

1 Memecylon, Linn. 

1 Heyneanum, Benth. India, s 

2 edule, Roxb. India, s M blue. 

3 do, var. ramiiltra. s Fl, blua 



Oeder LIII 

LYTHRACE£. 

THE L003ESTEIFE FAMILY. 

So named in allasioQ to the prevailing purple colour 
of its. flowers. An Order of trees, shrubs and herbs confined 
chiefly to the equatorial zone, but most abundant in tropi- 
cal "America, ieat7«s entire, ^xtipulate, and generally oppo- 
site. Flowers regular and usually showy; grand in 
Lagerstrcsmia FlosrRpginm. Petals crumpled and occasi- 
onally clawed. Ovary free. Compare the weed ' Koh- 
juttu soppu' with known species of the other genera named 
at foot. 

1 Ammannia, Linn. 

1 pentandra, Roxb. India. © ^ -^ 

2 baccifera, Linn. India. © Blister Weedr^ ^ 



subaquatic. a 



§ ^ 



. o 



3 peploides, Spreng. India. 0. .^ ^ 

4 njtundifolia. Ham. India. © o 

5 Rotala, F. Muell. India. ® Kcm, Koli jnttii 

soppu. "Sj^ ®*^ ?3j3^_^, 

2 Lawsonia, Linn. 

1 alba,, Lamk. TIenna STiruh. Pebsia. Fl. wMte 
to rose. Kan. Gjoramti gida. ^W^oeiJ ft*. 

19 



74 CATALOGUE Or PLANTS. 

3 Lagerstroemia, Lisw. 

1 indica, Linn. India, s El. showy, rosy to red-; 

dish pink. 

2 lanceolata, Wall IndiA'. t Kan. Nandi mar a. 

3 Flos-Eegin£e, Eetz. Tride of India, t F1. mauve 

to rosy purple. Coorg. .Maruvachala mara. 

4 parviflora, Eoxb, Fl. whitish. Kan. Channangi 

mara. s^<^ch sijrf. 

4 Punica, Linn. 

1 granatum, Linn. The Pomegranate. Psesia. t 

Fl. red. Kan. Dalimbare gida. roS'oBicJ? m. 

2 „ var, fl. pi. T 

3 „ var. alba, t Fl. white. 

■ 

5 Lafcensia, Vandell. 

1 Vandelliana (?) t Fl. whitish. 

6 Heimia, Link. 

1 sahcifolia, Link. Spain, s Fl. yellow. 

7 Cuphea, Jaoq. 

1 eminens, S. Ambb. s Fl. red and yellow. 

2 species, S. Amek. s Fl. vermilion to yellow. 



Order LIV. 

THE' EVENING PRIMKOSE FAMILY. 

A cosiMopolitan family of herbs, or rarely shrubs, 
as in the genus Fuchsia. Kepresented in India by 5 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGAIiOUE. 75 

genera, two being aquatic or sub aquatic. Flowers often 
showy, with their parts usually in fours, (tetramerous) 
Ovary 2 — 4 celled with numerous small seeds, or rarely 
with only one in each cell. Dissect and study Nos. 1, 2, 
,5 and 7. 

1 Jussisea, Linn. 

1 repens, Linn. luriiA. Aquatic, h Fl. pale yellow. 

2 suffruticosa, Linn. India, in nullahs and 

marshes, s Fl. yellow. Kan. Kavakula gida 

2 Ludwigia, Linn. 

1 paryiflora, Jloxb. India. © Fl. yellow Kan. 
Kere bendu gida. "i^^^oT^T^. 

3 Olarki^, PuESH. 

1 pulchella, Pursh. Calipoe. © Fl. magenta, to 

purple and white. 

2 elegans, Dougl. Oalipoe. © Fl. purple to pale 

red. 

4 Godetia, 

1 Lindleyana, Spach. N. Amee. © Fl. rose-pur- 

ple with crimson spots. 

2 rubicunda, Lindl, Califoe. © Fl. reddish, 

3 Whitneyi, Hort. ® Fl. rosy-red with crimson 

spots. 

4 Lady Albemarle, Hort. © Fl. crimson. 

5 QSnOthera, Linn. Evening Primrose. 

1 rosea. Ait. Mexico, h Fl. rose. Kan. Kadu 

garugalu gida. "^^ rttforiwo f\ii, 

2 biennis, Ambeica. b. h. Fl. large, yellow. 

6 Fuchsia, Linn. 

j 1 coccinea, Ait. Chili, s 



76 CATALOGtJB OF PLANTS. 

2 corymbiflora, Ruiz, and Pav. Peru, s FI. various. 

3 serratifolia, Hook. Mexico, s 

7 Trapa, Linn. 

1 bispinosa, Eoxb. Water CJiesnut, or Zinghara 
NuL Tbop. Asia. F1. whitisli. 



Oedee LV. 

PASSIFLOHEyE. 

THE PASSION ELOWER FAMILY. 

A remarkable group of twining herbs and shrubs,. 
confined largely to tropical South America. The passion 
flowers possess well-marked characters in the corona and 
gynophore. Although many species are cultivated in Indian 
Botanical Gardens, there are but two indigenous to the 
country. 

1 Passiflora, Linn. Passion Flower. 

1 Leschenaultii, Dt). India, c F1. white^ 

2 caerulea^ Liim. Beazil. c F1. purple. 

3 minima , Linn. S. Amee. c 

4 trifasciata. (?),.Bbazil. c 

5 Middletoniana, Pax. S. Amee. c 

6 laurifolia, Linn. W. Indies, c F1. blue. 

7 edulis, Sims. "W. Indies, c F1. white. 

8 Eermesina, L. K. Otto. Buenos Atees. c Ft. 

crimson. 
9^ quadrangularis, Linn. Brazil, c Grvmadilla, 

10 macrophylla c 

11 Constance Eliott. Hort. c Fl. white. 

12 species, a 

2 Tacsonia* 

1 tubiflora^ S. Amee. c? 

2 alba S^ Amer. c Fl. white. 

3 species. Fl. scarlet. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANOALOEE. 77 

3 Modecca, Lam. 

1 palmaia, Lara. India and Ceylon, c F1, yel- 
lowish-white. 

Sdb-Oedee Papayace^e. 

1 Carica, Linn. 

Papaya, Linn. The Papaw Tree. S. Amer. II. yel- 
lowish- white. Kan. Parangi mara. ^'^oT\ ^irS, 



Oedee LVI. 

' CUGURBITACEyE, 

THE CUCUMBER FAMILY. 

This is a well defined Order of climbing herbs or 
shrubs. Chiefly tropical, and much seen in cultivation. 
Leaves large, rough, simple, alternate and usually long 
peticled. Flowers unisexual, solitary or in shoi't racemes , 
white and yellow. Ovary inferior, with parietal placentas. 
Frtiit usually conspicuous as in the pumkin, gourd, 
melon and cucumbar. Dissect plants bearing either of 
the^e fruits. The fa,mily is largely represented in India. 

1 Trichosanthes, Linn. 

1 palmata, Eoxb. India, c. h. Fi. white. Kan. 

Kage mare balli. oar^siJstS ai';^.. 

2 auguina, Linn. Snake Gourd. Teop.-Asia. © a 

Fl. white. Kan. Padavalu balli. ^^i^^Sej: a)?,. 

3 cucumerina, Linn. India, c. h. Fl. white. 



2 Lageiiaria , Seeinge. 

1 vulgaris, Seringe, Bottle Gourd. Teop. Asia, a 
Fl. white. JTtJW. Sore balli. Sj8«Sa)V^. The wild 
form is called ' Hutchu sore balh. ' Fl. white. 

20 



78' CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 

3 Luffa, Cav. 

1 segyptiaca, Mill. Peer Tcunkayi- Egypt, o Fl. 

yellow. 

2 acutangula, Eoxb. Hirehayi Tbop. Asia, c 

Fl. yellow Kan. Hire balli. fc^JJa^^. 

3 „ var. Kadu kahi hire balli. '^'^ ^ao Sod? 09^. 

4 „ var. Tuppada hire balli. ^^J^ M^ 2^^, 

4 Benincasa, Savi. 

1 cerifera, Savi. India, (cultd.) c Fl. yeUow. 

5 Momordica, Linn. 

1 Oharantia, Linn. Pavdkayi. India, (cultd.) c. h, 

Fl. yellow, Kan. Hagala balli. sssrtw eO^,. 

2 dioica, Roxb. India, c Fl. yellow. 

3 Balsamina, Linn. India, c Fl. yellomsh. Kan. 

Hutchu tonde balli. i^Jssb^ ^jaoiS si^. 

JVbie— There is another plant, probably a wild form 
of M. Charantia, called ' Kadu hagala balli.' 

6 Cucumis, Linn. 

1 trigonus, Koxb. Wild Melon. India. © o Fl. 

yellow, Kan. Halraekki baUi. ^i*^^ ^%j. 

2 Melo, Linn. The Melon. India, (cultd.) © o 

Fl, yellow. Kan. Kekkarike balli. *trS=ifBi^. 

3 sativus, Linn. The Cucumber. Estdia. (cultd.) © 

c Fl. yellow. Kan. Savute balli. 7i^^ ei^. 

Note — 'Budame balH' is suppoBed to be a variety of 
No. 1, and ' Kalla'ngadi balli ' a wild form of the melon 
plant. 

7 CitruUus, Scheadee. 

1 colocynthis, Schrad. Colocynth Plant. India. 
(Chltd.) c Fl. hght yellow. Kan. Dodda hal- 
mekki balli. ^js>^ ^^tj^t,. 



BOTANICAL GABDEN, BANGALORE. 79 

2 vulgaris, Schrad. The Water-Melon, India. 
(Cultd.) ?1. yellow. Kan. Karbuj balli. *&)j3r^ 
^\. 

8 Cephalandra, Schradee, 

1 indica, Naud, Kayi donda. India, o FK "white. 
Kan. Tonde balli. ^^Jso^i s^^^. 

9 Cucurbita. Linn. 

1 maxima, Ducbesne. The Common Gourd. India, 

(Cultd.) Fl. yellow. Kan. Kumbala balli. =3*00 

2 moschata, Ducbesne. The Musk Melon, do, PI. 

yellow. 

3 Pepo, DC. The PumpMn. do. H. yellow. £aw. 

Budu kumbala balU. ^-i^^^ f^otOV &)^^, 

10 Bryonia, Linn. 

1 laciuiosa, Linn. India, c FI. yellowish. Kan. 
Linga tonde balli, Sort^ozi sOV,, 

11 Mukia, Arn, 

1 scabrella, Arn. India, c Fl. small, yellow. 

12 Zehneria, Endl, 

1 umbellata, Thwaites Enum. Trop Asu. c Fl. 
small, yellowrislj. 

13 Rhyncliocarpa, Schrader. 

1 foetida, Schrad, India, c. h. 

14 Zanonia, Linn, 

1 indica, Lion. India, c, h. 



80 cATALoauE or plants. ' 

Okdeb, LVII. 

BEGONIAGE/E. 

THE BEGONIA FAMILY. 

The genus Begonia, , of ■which there are about 400 
species, forais the bulk of this family. Succulent herbs 
or undershrubs with markedly oblique (dimidiate) leaves, 
and showy pink, rose, yellow and white flowers. There 
are about 65 species Scattered over the moist hill regions 
of India and Butmah. For special structural characters 
see the peculiar leaf formation, the unisexual {monacious} 
flowers, and the usually 3 — celled inferior ovary con- 
taining numerous small seeds. 

1 Begonia, Ijinn. 

These orDatnental herbs are extensively used in India, both for pot 
culture and bedding oat under partial shade. 

1 Eex. Putzeys, Inbia. h F1. rose. 

2 mal$.barica (?) liamk.. India, -h: F1. rose. 

3 do var. dipetala (?) Fl. pale rose 

4 argentea, V. Houtte. S. Ameb. n H. pink.. 

5 argyrostigma, Fisch. Brazil, ic Fl. rosy-white. 
f> discdor, E. Br, S. A^eWCA. h: Fl. rose. 

7 fuchsioides, Houk.-W.' GeahTada. Fl. scarlet. 

8 hydrocotylifoha. Hook: Mexico, h Fl. rose. 
9. longip^s, Hook. Mfxico. h: 

10 nifida, Dryand. Jamaica, k 

1 1 ricinifolia, A. Dietr. h FL white. 

12 zebrina, Hort. h Fl- rose-pink. 

13 manicata, Cels. Bhazil. h Fl. pmk or white, 

14 ulmifoha, Haw. S. Amee. -k Fl. rosy white. 

15 tomentosa, Schott. s: Fl. whitish. 

16 hybrida, Hort. n Fl. pink. ', 

17 macrophylla, 

18 cordifolia, ThwaiteS.'S.'TTrDiA.-s3: 

19 integrifolia, Dalz.lKDiA. n Fl. white. 

20 albo poccinea. Hook, India, h Fl. rose. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALOEE. 81 

21 species No. 1. India, h M. rose and crimson. 

22 do. „ 2. do. h: F1, pinkish-yellow. 

23 do. „ 3. do. h: F1. pale rose or whitish. 

24 do. „ 4. do. n 

25 . do. „ 5. do. h: 

26 boliyiensis. h S. Amee. 

27 Veitchii n Hoet. 

The tuberous rooted vars. have moBtly sprnug frsm 26 and 27. Fl. 
erimson, yellow, and white. Very fine. 



Oedee LVIII. 

CACTEyE. 

THE PRICKLY PEAE FAMILY.. 

A large American Order of succulents. The prict- 
ly pear and a few of its toiigeners are naturalised in 
India. Bhpsalis Cassytha, is the only native plant. The 
Cactese are easily recognised by their peculiar habit, of- 
which there are three distinct forms, viz., the columnar, 
the globular, and the lobed or jointed. The prickly 
pear of hedge-rows is a good type of the latter and also 
of the family generally. 

1 Opuntia, Toue. 

1 Dillenii, Haw. Prichly Pear. S. Amee. k 

Fl. sulphur-yellow. Kan. Papas kattali. sissJaS 

2 cpccinilhfera, Mill. Cochineal Plant. S. Amee. 

n M. crimson. 

3 nigricans, Haw. Amee. ^ Fl. yellow, tinged 

with red. 

4 monacantha. Haw. Amee. h (Cactus indicus, 

Eoxb.) 

5 FicuB-indica, MUl. Amer. Indian-fig Cactus. Fl. 

yellow. Buds red. 

21 



82 CATALOGUE 03? PLANTS, 

2 Melocactus, DO. 

1 communis, DC. Turks Cap. Antilles h 

2 «pecies {?) Mateer. Probably communis, h 

3 CereuSj Haw. 

1 grandiflorus, Mill. Niyht-fkmering Cactus. W, 

Indies, h FI. yellow. 

2 pentagonus, Haw. S. Amer. h 

3 trigonus, Haw. ^i Amek, 

4 erectus, Karw. Mexico, k F1. wbite. 

5 crenatus, Hook, h Amee. FL whitish. 
. 6 species. Ameb, h 

4. Echinocactus, Salm. 

1 ooraigerus, DC. Hedgehog Cactus. Mexico, s: 

5 Epiphyllum, Salm. 

1 truncatum, Haw. Brazil, h F1. red. 

2 ,, var. rosea. Fl. rose. 

6 Pereskia, Haw. 

1 Bleo, DC. Barbadoes Qooseherry. Mexico, s FL 
rose. 



Okdfr LIX 

FICOIDEyE. 

THE FIG MARIGOLD FAMILY, 

An Order of small fleshy herbs largely represented 
in Africa. A few of the Indian species are commonly 
used in food and medicine. See Nos. 1, 3, and 5. Struc- 
tural characters are not very clearly defined. Sepals 4—5,, 
usually persistent. Petals numerous or obsolete. Stamens 
^perigynous. Styles distinct, and equal in number with the 
iQarpels, . F/w^ capsular. 



BOTJINICAL GARDEN, BANGALORE. 83 

1 Trianthema, Linn. 

1 monogyna, Linn. Teop. Asia <fc Africa, h 

Kan. (gandu) Tal. Moga ataku mamidi alou 

2 pentandra, Linn. India, h ^aw. Komme Boppo. 

=^j3^^?3j3^^. There are two varieties disting- 
uished in Kanerese as the hili and kempUj, 
the white and red. 

3 decandra, Linn India, h 

2 Orygia, Forsk. 

1 decumbens, Forsk. Trop. Asia & Africa, s: 
Fl. greenish-purple. 

3 MoUugO, Linn. 

1 hirta, Thunb. Trop. Asia, h Fi. green. 

2 stricta, Linn. Trop. Asia, h Kan. Parpataka 

■soppu. ojterW'^ ^jsa^x , 

3 spergula, Linn. Trop Asia. ^ Fl. greenish. 

4 Cerviana, Seringe, India, h Fl. greenish. Kan, 

Kage purale gida. 'SiT^s^f^^i^. 

4 Tetragonia, Ait. 

1 expansa, Ait. Spinach of New Zealand, h Fl. 
whitish-green Kan. MuUu basale soppu. si» 

5 Mesembryanthemum, Linn. 

1 crystallmuna, Linn. Ice Plant. Greece. © 



Order LX 

UMBELUFER/E. 

THE UMBELLATE FAMILY. 

This is a large Order of herbs, or rarely shrubs, 
with hollow sterns^ much divided leaves, and small white 



84 CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. : 

umbellate flowers. The alternaitej sheatliing, and usually 
finely dissected leaves are ciiaracteristic' of the family, as 
are also the compound umbels and peculiar fruit. The 
latter is unique in its formation, and illustrates more than 
one technicaility of structure. Nos. 4, 7, 8 and 10, are 
good types of the family. 

1 Hydrocotyle, Linn. 

1 asiatica, Linn. Indian PenHywort n Kan. 

Ondelega soppu. eoodeSrt ?3js)^_^, 
3 rotundifolia, Eoxb. h A pretty little plant for 

bordering. 

2 Apiumj Linn. (Cultd. form) 

1 grayeplens, Linn. Celery- Eueope. h F1. 

white, 

2 petroselinum, Linn. Parsley, S. Europe, h F1. 

white. 

3 Carum, Linn. 

1 carui, Linn. Caraway. J^ttrovs. © FI. white. 

Kan. Sopu gida. 73jsi^^p«I. 

2 nothum, C. B, Clarke. © Fl white. 

3 Eoxburghianum, Benth.. Indian Parsley. © Fl. 

white. 

4 copticum. Benth. Bishop^s weed. © Temp, olb 

WoBLD. Fl. white. Kan. Omu gida. 'i^^t\^. 

4 Pimpinella, Linn. 

1 Heyneana, Wall India, h 

2 inonoica, Dalz. India, h Kan. Kadu omu 

gida. ^Sejjso tjoSooiMj^ 

5 Pceniculuin, Adans. 

1 vulgare, Gaertn. Fennel. Eueope. k Fl. yellow. 

6 PolyzygUS, Dalz. 

1 tuberosus, Dalz. India k Fl. white. 



BOTANICAIj GAEDEN, BANGAIOEE. 85 

7 Anthriscus, Pebs. 

1 cerefolium, Koch, Chervil. Eueope. ©F1. -white. 

8 Peucedanum, Linn. 

1 gi;aveo]ens, Benth. Bill. S, Eubope. kc M. yel- 
low Kan. Sabbasige soppu. ^^^^'^ '^js,^^. 

9 Coriandrum, Linn. 

1 sativum, linn. Cariander. Eubqpb. © Fh white, 
or pale purple. Kan. Kottumbari soppu. 

10 Ouminum, Likn. 

1 Cyminum, Linn, India. The Cummin-Seed 
Plant Fl. white. Kan. Jirige gida. s^^ot^ fts. 

11 DailCUS, Linn. (Oultd. form) 

1 Carota, Linn. Carrot. N- Eubope, =c H. w'hite. 
Kan. Gajina gadde. rEE357?l^. 

« • 

12 Pastinaca, Linn. (Cultivated form) 

1 sativa, Linn. Parsnip. N. Eubope. h 

13 Arracacia, DC. 

1 esculenta, DO. Venezuela, sc Arracacha. 

14 Heracleum, Linn. 

1 Hookerianum, W. and A\ South India, h 
Kan. Kadu kotmire gida. 



Obdeb L!^I. 

ARALIAGE/E. 

THE IVY FAMILY. 

A tropical and sub-tropical family of J;rees, shrubs, 
or rarely herbs. Excepting that the plants are larger 
and more -woody, the structural characters are closely 

22 



86 CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 

allied to those of the prece^ding Order. The flowers are 
■less numerous, more regular, and often of a greenish- 
yellow colour. The fruit possesses no carpophore, and is 
usually 3 or more celled. Species and varieties of the 
genus Panax are much cultivated in Indian gardens on 
account of their graceful forms and variegated foliage, 

1 Aralia, Linn. 

1 Guilfoylii, P. Muell. S. S. Islands, s 

2 Seiboldii, Hort. s 

3 papyrifera, Hook, s Rice Paper Plant. Foemosa. 

4 Bonerppi. s 

5 filicifolia. S. S. Islands, s , 

6 Chabrierii. s * / 

7 elegantissima. Bull. S. S. Islands, s 

8 species, s 

2 Panax, Linn. 

1 ffaticosum Linn. India. (Cultd,) s 

2 cochleatum, DO. Ohina. s 

3 Victorias, Bull. S. Pacific Islands, s 

4 rotundus. s 

5 Veitchii. s 

6 plumatum, Bull. S, S. Islands. 

7 species, s 

8 species.3 

9 species, a 

3 Heptapleurum, G^rtn. 

1 venulosum, Seem. India, t Kan. Bili bhuthala 
mara. ^ SjSjssbs? sisd. 

4 Brassaia, Endl. 

1 actinophylla, Endl. UmhreUa Tree. E. Auste. 

2 •species ?■!• 

5 Hedera, Linn. 

1 Helix, Linn. Common Ivy. Europe, o 



botanical gaeden, bangaloee. 87 

Oeder LXII. 

CORNAGEyE- 

THE DOGWOOD FAMILY. 

This small Order of treea and shrubs is mostly con- 
fined to the temperate regions of Europe, Asia, and North 
America. Leaves opposite or alternate, simple, and 
exstipulate. Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual, the 
whorls gerierally tetrafiaerous, but occasionally otherwise. 
Ovary inferior. Style single. Fruit usually succulent. 
Seeds 1 — 4. 

1 Alangium, Lam. 

1 Laraarckii, Thw. India, t I'l. white. Kan. 
Ankole mara. «3o=#j3^«3s:orf. 

2 Cornus, Linn. :i 

1 macrophylla. Wall. TndIia. i- El. whitish. Kan. 
Hadaga mara. ^z^rtsiorf. 

3 Benthamia, Lindl. 

1 fragifera Lindl. Nepal, t (See Cornus capitata 
Wall.) 

Oedee LXIII. 

CAPRIFOUAGE^- 

THE HONEY-SUCKLE FAMILY. 

Shrubs and small trees, often of a straggling ov 
climbing habit as in the honey-suckle. Indian species 
are mostly confined to the temperate Himalaya or to 
hill regions in the interior. The Order is distinguished 
from Kubiacese, to which it is closely allied, by its 
geographical position, habit, and the frequent irregu- 
larity of its flowers. 



88 CATAIiO&UB OF PLANTS. 

1 Lonicera, Linn. 

1 Lescheuaultii, ' "Wall. Nilgiri Honeysuckle, c 

Fl. white and yellow; 

2 caprifolium, Linn. Woodbine. Europe, h F1. 
wMte faditig to yellow. 



Oedee LXIV. 

i^UBIAOE/F. 

THE PERUVIAN BAEK AND COFFEE 
FAMILY. 

A large Order of trees, shrubs and herbs. Tropical 
and sub-trx)pical. Lfaves opposite,* simple, and usually 
entire, with interpetiolar stipules, or whorled and exstipu- 
late, with angular stems as in the Madder plant. 
Flowers conspicuous in garden types, and usually 
tetramerous in their arrangement. Ovary inferior, 
2 — 10 — celled with one or more ovules in each cell. 
Nos. 1, 6, 14 and 20 are extreme types of the family. 

1 Sarcocephalus, Afzbl. 

1 cordatus, Miq. India, t F1. yellow. 

2 Anthocephalus, A. Rich. 

1 cadamba, Miq. India, t F1. orange with white 
stigma. 

3 Adina, Salisb. 

1 cordifoha. Hook. India, t F1. yellow. Kan. 
Bachanige or hettega mara. MBa*?)rt sSii ^rt 

4 Stephegyiie, Koeth. 

1 parvifolia, Korth. India, t Kan. Kadagada 
mara, 



BOTANICAL aAEDEN, BANaALOBE, 89 

5 Nauclea, Linn. 

1 species ? t Kan. Yettacada mara. ^^'^zS s^^tf. 

6 Wendlandia, Babtl, 

1 Notoniana, Wall. India, t PI, reddish-white. 

Kan. Bettada Kammagaggare mara. ^^^ 

2 glabrata, DC. India. Shrub or small tree. 



7 HedyotiS, Linn. 

1 Auricularia, Liim. India and Ceylon. O F1. - 
hlac. 

8 Oldenlandia, Linn. 

1 corymbosa, Linn. India. O ¥1 white. 

2 diffusa, Roxb. India. © PI. white. 

3 umbellata, Linn. »India. © Kan. Cheriveru 

gida. aSssS^cio T\ci, 

9 Musssenda, Linn. 

1 frondosa, Linn. Ceylon, s PL orange. Bract 
white. 

10 Webera, Scheeb. 

1 corymbosa, Willd. Indla.. t PI. white. Kan. 
Papati gida. ^^I>i f^. 

11 Bandia, Linn. 

1 dumetorum, Lamk. India, t PI, greenish yel- 

low to white. Kan, Mangare mara, sSioTOjf 

2 species ? India, s Kan. Nagare gida. ciriS^ tsis, 

12 Gardenia, Ellis. 

1 Plorida, Linn. China, s F1. white. 

23 



90 CATALOGUE or PLANTS. 

2 gummifera, Linn. India, s F1. white. Km. 

Bikke gida. ^S=|_f^^s. , 

3 latifolia, Ait. Indl^. t F1. white changing to 

yellow. 

4 species. Ikdia. Small deciduous tree. Large.'^ 

white, companulate flowers; solitary or in pairs. 

13 Knoxia, Linn. 

1 coryinbosa, "Willd. © Fl. pale-purple. 

14 Canthium, Lam. 

1 pai-viflorum, Lam. G array Cheddie. India. 
s PI. yellowish. Kan. Kare gida. 'ffsij?^^^. 

2 didymum, Koxb, Indu.. s M. whitish. Kan. 

Yeddaranike gida. <^zS^vsV>'^f\tS. 

15 Vangueria, Juss. 

1 spinoBa? Roxb. India, s Fl. pale green. La- 
belled edulis. 

16 Ixora, Linn. 

1 coccinea, Linn. Scarlet Ixora. China, s Fl. 

scarlet. 

2 parviflora, Vahl. Torch Tree. India, t FL white. 

Kan. Gori,vi mara. T^riSisJao. 

3 Bandhiica, Roxb. Jungle Gefanium. India. 

s Fl. scarlet. 

4 alba, Roxb, s China, (See J. sfricta, Roxb.) 

Fl. white. 

5 acuminata, Roxb. India, s Fl. white. 

6 cuneifolia? Roxb, India, s Fl. roge-coloured. 

7 species, s Fl. white. Probably polyaniha, "W. 

J7 Pavetta, Linn. 

I indica, Liijn. Pavutty Kayi. India, s Fl. white. 
Kan, Payate mara. p^til>i pi^. 



BOTANICAIi GARDEN, BANGALOEE. 91 

18 Ooffea, Linn. 

1 arabica, Linn. Arabian Coffee, s Fl. white. Kan. 

Kapi gida. '^tif^. 

2 Liberica, Hiern (?) Liberian Coffee, t FJ. 

white. 

19 Morinda, Linn. 

1 citrifolia var. bracteata, Teop Asia, t Fl. 

white. 

2 umbellata, Linn. India and Ceylon, s Fl. 

white. Tamil. Nunamaram. <&£^°So':Jo. 

20 Psychotria, Linn. 

1 species. Shrub with large, simple, glossy leaves, 
termioal, paniculate inflorecence, and ber- 
ried fruit. 

I 

21 Spermacoce, Linn. 

1 hispida, linn. A weed. India. Fl. blue or 
whitish. 

22 Rubia, Tournep. 

1 cordifolia, Linn. Indian Madder, or Munjeet. 

lNi)IA. H 

2 tinctorum, Linn. Madder. BtrROPE. n Fl. gree- 

nish yellow. 

23 Pentas, Benth. 

1 carnea, Benth. S. Africa, s Fl. rosy-flesh. 

24 Hamelia, Jacq. 

1 patens. Jacq. Hispaniola. s or t Fl. orange- 
red. 

25 Cinchona, Linn. 

1 succirubra, Wedd. Peruvian Bed Bark. S. . 

Ambr. t 

2 calisaya, Wedd. Tellom Bark of Bolivia. S. 

Amee. t 



92 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

3 condaminea, Busly Crown Bark. S, Amee. t 

4 species. S. Ameb. t 

26 Rondeletia, Linn. 

1 Bpeciosa Lodd. Mexico, s F1. red. 

27 Manettia, Mutis. 

1 cordifolia, Mart. Brazil, c 

28 Oatesbsea, Linn. 

1 spinosa, Willd. S. Amer.'s F1. green to pale 
lemon. 

29 HoflEinanla, Swaetz- 

1 robusta. h 



Okdee LXV 

DIPSAGE/E 

THE TEAZEL FAMILY. 

A small Order of herbs or rarely shrubs, mostly 
confined to the Old World. It possesses the general 
characters of, Oompositae, but the anthers are distinct, 
and not syngenesious. 

1 Dipsacus, Linn. 

1 fiillonum, Linn. Europe. Fullers Teazel, h PI. 
purple. 

2 Scabiosa, Linn. 

1 atropurpurea, Linn. Europe, Scdbims. n Fl. 
dark purple. 

' 2 ,, var. nana. H Fl. DQaroon-crimson 

to white. 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALORE. 93 

3 atropurpurea, var, striata, h F1. streaked and 

spotted. 

4 » var. foliis aureis. h Yellow 
foliage. 



Order LXVI. 

COMPOSlTyE. 

THE COMPOSITE FAMILY. 

Herbs, shrubs, or rarely trees ; the latter being soft 
wooded, and mostly indigenous to South America. This 
is the largest Order of flowering plants, comprising about 
8,000 known species from all parts of the world. It is 
also very clearly defined by the following characters : — 

1. The usually herbaceous nature of species. 

2. The capitate inflorescence, i. e., the gathering 

into a single dense head of many individual 
florets, so that the whole might be mistaken 
for a single large flower. The daisy, for 
example, is often looked upon as a simple 
flower. 

3. The united or syngenesious anthers. 

4. The inferior ovary containing one erect ovule. 

Being a very large family, Gdmpositse. is divided 
into several tribes and numerous sub-tribes. The modifi- 
cations of structure found under the headings Tubidi- 
flora, and Lig'diflorce should be carefully noted by the 
Indian student. Nos. 4 1 and 46 represent these two 
Sub-Orders. 

1 Centratherom, Cass. 

1 conrtallense, Benth. India, jk F1, yeUow. 

24 



94 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

2 Vernonia, Schrbb. Speedwell. 

1 cinerea, Less. Fleabane. EuEOPr. © M. whitish. 

Kan. Kari hindi soppu. *o2ooa ?5j3^. 

2 divergens, Benth. India, k F1. reddish brown 

to dirty white. 

3 arborea, Ham. Nilgiris. t F1. whitish-yellow, 

4 anthelmentica, "Willd- India. © Fl, reddish- 

purple. 

5 elseagnifolia, DO. India, c FL white. 

3 Elephantopus, Linn. 

1 scaber, Linn. Thop. Asia, k 

4 Adenostemma, FoRST. 

1 viscosum, Forst. India and CeItlon. © 

5 Ageratum, Linn. 

1 mexicanurn, DO. Mexico. © Fl. blue, lavender, 

and white. 

2 conyzoides, Linn. India. © Fl. pale-blue to 

white. 

6 SolidagO, Linn. Golden Bod. 

1 latifolia, Linn. N. America, h: Fl. yellow. 

7 Eupatorium, Lmn. Hemp-agrimony, and Thorough- 

wort. 

1 Eeevesii, Wall. North Jndia. c Fl. whitish. 

2 ageratoides, L. H. N. America. Fl. white. 

8 Dichrocephala, DO. 

1 latifolia, DO. India. O Fl. greenish-yellow. 

9 Grangea, Adanson. 

1 madraspatana, Poir. India, q Fl. yellow. Kan. 
Muttu karasi gida. siw^o^ =5=sd3?o t^. 



BOTANICAX GARDEN, BANGALOEE. 95 

10 Brachycome, Cass. 

1 diversifolia, F. et. M. Swan Bmr Daisy. © Fl. 

blue. 
, 2 iberidifolia, Benth. "W. Austblia. © Fl. blue, 
purple or white. 

11 Aster, Linn. Michdmas Daisy. 

1 Amellus, Linn. Europe, h Fl. bright purple. 

2 cordifolius, Linn, Canada, k Fl. white to 

mauve or purple. 

3 punicens, Linn. Canada k 

12 Oallistephus, Cass. 

1 chinensis, Nees. China Aster. © Fl. various. 

13 ErigGron, Linn. American Fleahane. 

1 hnifolius, Willd. N. Ambeioa. 

14 OODyza, Less. 

1 stricta, Willd. India. © Fl. reddish-yellow. 
Kan. Bettada davana gida. sSWjESjiSs^sJ na. 

15 Blumea, DC. 

1 amplectens, DC. India. ® FJ. reddish-yeUow. 

2 do. var. tenilla ? India. © 

3 bifoliata, DC. India and Ceylon. O Fl. yel- 

lowish. 

4 Wightiana, DC. India. © Fl. purplish. Kan. 

Gabbu soppu. 7la)s^?5js^^. 

5 lacera, DC. India and Ceylon. O Fl. yellow, 

Kan. Gandhari gida. raojpaot nz^. 

6 species. Possibly a variety of the last named, 

Fl. reddish- yellow. 

16 Laggera, Sch. Bip. 

1 alata, Schultz-Bip. India, h Fl. pale purple. 
Kan. Bettada kuppe gida, ^^^2^=^^^ ^^. 



96 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS, 

17 Pluchea, Cass. 

1 indica, Less. India, s Fl. whitish. 

2 toiAentosa, DO. India, s Fl. reddish, 

18 Sphseranthus, Willjo. 

1 amaranthoides, Burra. India. © 

2 africanus, Linn. India and Africa. © 

3 indicus, Linn. India and Oetlon. © Fl, red- 

dish purple. Kan. Mudugattina or Bodu 
kadale soppu. sSjjssIo ri^?j (srjs^^^Kdj ??je^. , 

This weed is often mixed with stored grain to pre- 
serve the latter from the attacks of insects. 

19 FilagO, Linn. 

1 species (?) India. A prostrate woolly herb. Fl. 
yellow. 

19i Anaphalis, DO. 

1 oblonga,DO. India and Ceylon. FI. whitish- 
pint. 

20 Gnaphalium, Linn. 

1 luteo-album, Linn. India. © Fl. whitish yel- 

low. 

2 indicum, Linn, India, © Indian Cudweed,. Fl. 

yellowish. 

21 Helichrysum, Pees. Everlasting Flower 

1 bracteatum, Willd. Geld Sunflower, S. Auste. 

O Fl. yellow, crimson, and white. 

2 orientale, The French Immortelle. ■ 

22 Vicoa, Oass. 

1 aurieulata, Cass. India, ® M. yellow. Kan, 
Honnavarike soppu. sSosc^sSBTf ?!.«3g y. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALOEB. ^7 

23 Lagascea, Cav. 

1 mollis. Cav. Teop. Amek. © An abundant 
■weed in garden land. Fl. white. 

24 Xanthium, Linn. 

1 strumarium, Linn. India. © H. greenish white. 
Kan. Marala ummatti gida. s^^c^sp'a erosSj^S 

25 Siegesbeckia, Linn. 

1 orientalis, Linn. India. ® Fl. yellow. 

26 Eclipta, Linn. 

1 alba, Hassk. India. ® Fl. white. Kan. Garu- 
galu soppu. ridJrtui TSjssgi^, A much prized 
medicinal weed. 

27 Blainvillea, Gass. 

1 latifoli^, DO. Tropics everywhere. © Fl. 
yellowish. 

28 Wedelia Jacq. 

1 calendulacea, Less. India, h 

29 Spilanthus, Linn. Button Flower. 

1 Acraella, Linn- 

2 „ var. calva, Clarke. India. Fl. yellow. 

Kan. Sanna vana mugali gida.. ^^ sisSsiMrt? 

3 „ var. oleracea, Clarke. India. ® Fl. yel- 

low. Kan. Dodda vana mugali gida. ^j^^ ^^ 

30 Guizotia, Cass. 

1 abyssynica, Gass, Teop. Apeica. ® Fl. yellow. 
Kan. Hutchu yellu gida. ^^^^ <^0iTvi. 

25 



98 CATAIidGtTE OP PLANTS. 

The foolish-oil plant. A common field crop in 

Mysore. 

31 Bidens, Linn. 

1 piloaa, Linn. India. Bur-marigold. FJ. white, 
to pale yellow. 
„ var. bipinnata, India, © 

32 Achillea, Lin». 

1 Millefolium, Linn. Yarrow or Milfoil. Europe. 
H Fl. pinkish purple to duU white. 

33 Chrysanthemum, Linn. Ox-eye. 

1 indicum, L. Teop. Asia, h Kan. Sevantige 

arida. r3?»^oS7^ rits. 

2 coronarium, Linn. S. Europe, k Crown f ^ 

Daisy. I r-; o 

3 tricolor, Linn. Europe. H (carinatura ?) I ^'% 

4 fratescens. Europe. TJte Marguerite. \ ^ 

34 Cotula, Linn. 

1 Australis, Hook. fil. C. G. Hope. © Fl. yellow. 

35 Artemisia, Linn. 

1 Abrotanum, Linn. Europe. Southernwood =: 
Kan, Davana gida. ^^'^ f^'^ 
■ 2 -vulgaris, Linn. India, h Kan. Manji patre 
.gida. ^^o'sS^^' PizS. 

3 Absinthium, Linn. N. India and Asia. Fl. yel- 
low. Wormwood, is 

36 Gynura, Cass. 

1 nepalensis, DO, N. India and Java, h FI.| 
' orange-yellow, '■ 



BOTANICAL GABDEN, BANGALOBE. 99 

37 Emilia, Cass. 

1 sonchifolia, DO. India. © Fl. purple. 

38 Notonia, DC. 

1 grandiflora, DC. Wistebn Peninsula. FI. 
yellow. 

39 Senecio, Linn, 

1 Hokenackeri, Hook. India, s Fl. reddish-yel- 

low. Kan. Kadu gobli gida. =5®*7l®83, fM«. 

2 tenuifolius, Burrn. India. O F1. yellowish. 

3 candicans, DC. I^dia. c Fl. pale yellow. 

4 species. India. 

40 Calendula, Neck. 

1 officinalis, Linn. Common Mangold. S. Eueopb. 
O Fl. yellow. 

41 Echinops, Linn. 

1 echinatus, Roxb. A native weed. © Fh white. 
Kan. Brahmailande gida. eOj^cJocS hzi, 

42 Tricholepis, DC. 

1 radicans, DC. India. © Fl. lilac-brown. Kan. 

Kusute soppn. =5'o?iis3 hi^. 

2 amplexicaulis, Clarke. India. © 

43 Oentaurea, Linn. Knapweed. 

1 cyanus, Linn. Cornflower or Bluebottle. Europe. 
© Fl. ijlue to purple, and white. - 

2 cineraria, Linn. Eubope. b: 

3 argentea, Linn, Crete, h Foliage white. 

4 calcitrapa, linn. India, s: Fl. purple. 

44 Oarthamus, Linn. 

1 tinctorius, Linn. Saiflovoer. Egypt. © Fl. 
orange-red. Kan. Kusumba gida. =3^i7?;o^i his. 
Cultivated in India. 



100 CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 

45. Dicoma, Cass. 

1 tomentosaj Cass. India and Tbop. Afeica. 
PL whitish. © Kan. Sanni gida. 7i^jJ>.i^. 

46 Oicliorixim, Linn. 

1 I'ntybus, Linn. Succory. Eueope. Fl. blue. 

2 Endivia. Endive. Asia. © Hind. Kacinipatta, 

—JO* 

47 Taraxacum, Hall. 

1 offiGieale, Wigg. Eukqpe. h Dandelion. Fl. yel- 
low. 

48 Lactuca, Linn. 

1 sativa, Linn. Lettuce. S. Europe. © Za». 

Saladi. f^asia, 

2 Heyneana, DO. India. © Kan. Halmulangi 

soppu. 553tlJ^Wor\ rSja^ .. 

49 Sonchiis, Linn. 

I oleraceus, Linn. Sow Thistle. Europe. © Fl. 
yellow. 

50 Farfiigium, Lindl. 

1 grande, Lindl. China, k Fl. yellow. 

2 Do var. ^ Leaves blotched or spotted 
white. 

3 Do. var. H Leaves blotched or spotted yellow. 

51 Flauria, Benth. 

1 australasica, Benth. AusT. © A naturalised 
weed with dense heads of small orange-yel- 
low flowers. 



52 Zinnia, Link. 

cq. Ameihca. © 

Fl. various. 



1 elegans, Jacq. Amebic A. © 

2 multiflora, Linn. Mexico. © 

3 Darwinii, Hort. ® 

4 Haagiana, Hort. © Fl. yellow. 



i 



SOT AMCC AL GAEDEN, BANGALOEE. 101 

53 Argyranthenmm. Webb. 

1 frutescens, Schultz. Teneriffe. h Fl. white. 

54 Cosmos, Cav. 

1 sulphureus, Cav. © Fl. rosy-purple. 

55 CaiCalia, Buem. (See Vemonia) 

1 sempervirens, Spr. C. G. Hope, h: 

56 Gaillardia, N. Ameeican heebs. 

1 grandiflora, Hort. © \ • 

2 picta copcinea, Hort. © ^ Fl. various, 

3 hybrida. Hort. © ) 

57 Gazauia, Gaeet. 

1 splendens ? Treasure Flower. C. G. Hope, h Fl. 
yellow. 

58 Helenium, Linn. 

1 tenuifoliura, Nutt. N. Ambe. h Fl. yellow. 

59 Tagetes, Linn. 

1 erecta, Linn. African Marigold. © Mexico. Fl. 

orange yellow. Kan. Chendu raallige gida, 

2 patula, Linn. French Marigold. © Mexico. Fl. 

mostly bright yeHowi 

3 pumila, Fl. yellow. 

60 Calliopsis, Reichb. Tickseed. . 

1 aristata, Amee. ® Fl, large, .golden-yellow. 

2 Drammondii, Don. © Amfe. FL golden-yellow. 
-3 tinctoria. © Fl. crimson-brown tipped with 

orange-yellow. 

4 coronata, © Fl. orange-yellow, with -crimson 

circle. 

61 Bellis, Linn. 

1 perennis, Linn. The Daisy. Eueope. k FJ. white 
with yellow centre. 

26 



102 CATALOGUE ■ OF PLANTS. 

2 do. 3. pi. H Fl. white to pinkish, or reddish 
■whita 

62 Cineraria, Linn. 

1 piaritima, Linn. S. Europe, h 

63 Sanvitalia, Cavan. 

1 prpcumbens, Lam. Mexico. © Fl. yellow. 

64 Pyre thrum, Gaertn. Feverfew. 

1 carueum, I3ibr. Caucasus, h: 

2 Parthenium, Smith. Europe, k 

3 Parthenifolmm, aureum, Willd. Caucasus, h: 

65 Oynara, Yaill. 

1 scolymus, Linn. Gkhe Artichoke. S. Europe. 
n Fl. purple. 

66 Dahlia, Cav. 

1 variabilis, Desf. Mexico, h Fl. various. 

67 Helianthus, Linn. 

1 annuus, Linn. Sunflower. S. Amer. © Fl. yel- 

low. Kan. Hottutirugana, or Suryakanti 
gida. 5oJ3;^i_^iSdjr}sS (7Sj8dc=5i)cS) hS. 

2 argyreus, Linn. 

3 tuberosus, Linn. Jerusalem AftiehoJce. Brazil. 

4 species. 

68 Polymnia, 

^1 grandis, America. Shrub or small tree. Fl. 
large, white with yellow centre. 

69 Vittadenia, 

1 australis, Australian Daisy. ^ Fl. pinkish 
changing to white. Much cultd. at Banga-] 
lor^. 

70 Verbesina, Linn. 

1 gigantea, Linn. Jamaijca. Fl. large, yellow, s 



botanical gakden, bangaloee. 103 

Oedeb LXVII. 

GAMPANULACEyE. 

THE BELL-FLOWER FAMILY. 

A large family of herbaceous plants (rarely soft 
wooded shrubs) found in nearly all parts, of the world. It 
includes two well marked tribe^, ins. IMeliem with an 
irregular 2 — lipped corpUaj' as in species of No. 2,. and 
Campanideae with its regular bell-shaped flower as in 
No. 6. The cohesion of anthers ia Ldbelieae, and rarely 
in Gainpamdeae, is another dh^ostic. The flowers are 
not produced in heads as in Compasitae. 

1 Pratia, Gaud. 

1 begonifoHa, Lindl. IIndia. h 

2 Lobelia, Linn. 

1 nicotiansefoiia, Heyne., India, h F1. white. 

2 saccuMnta, Blume. Ne'Ugherry Grass, h El. 

pinMsh-white. 

3 longiflora, W. W. Indies, s Fl. white. 

4 cardinalis, Linn. N. Ameb. h El. scarlet. 

5 erinus, Linn. S. Aee'ica. © Fl. blue or white. 

6 ramosa, Benth. Austb. © El. blue. 

7 erinoides, Linn. © Fl. blue. 

8 trialata. Ham. India. ® 

9 radicahs? Thunb. India. A weed of moist 

places. 

10 species? Eeceived fponii Madrafe. Fl. reddish. 

11 fulgens, :£x Cardinal Flower. M. rich vermi- 

lion. 

3 Cephalostigma, A. DO. 

1 Schimperi, Hochst, India. ^ El. blueish. 

2 flexuosum, H. E. and T. India, k 



104 CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 

4 Wahlenbergia, Schbad. 

1 agrestis, Alph. India. © (See. W. gracilis, 
D.O.) Fl. blue. 

5 Sphenoclea, Gtaertn. 

1 zeylanica, Gaertn. India. © Sub-aquatic. 

6 Campanula, Linn. Edrbell. 

1 pyramidalis, Linn. Bell-flower. S. Europe, h F1. 

blue or white. 

2 Vidallii, Hook. Azores, h FJ. purple, 

3 Rapunculus, Linn. S. Europe, h Bampm. Fl. 

purplish blue. 

4 medium, Linn. S. Europe. Canterlury Bell. 

■H. Fl. various. 

5 isophylla, k Liguvian Eairhell. Fl. bright blue 

with white centre. 

7 Trachelium, Linn. Blue Throatwort. 

1 caeruleum, Linn. Throatwort. Sardinia, h Fl. 
blue. 



Order LXVIII 

PLUMBAGINAGEyE. 

THE THRIFT FAMILY, 

A small Order of herbs and undershrubs mostly con- 
fined to the sea-shores of various countries. The blue 
flowered shrub which lines the central walks in the Lal- 
Bagh (Phmhago capensis) is a type of the family. Leaves 
alternate, simple. FMver regular, and in parts of five. 
Ova!ry superior, one-celled, branching into five styled; 
Observe the visaed hairs which cover the caLyx of the 
type species. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BAN6AL0EE. 105 

1 Plumbago, Linn. Leadmrt. 

1 zeylanica, Linn. India, s Fl. white, Kan. Bili 

chitramula gida. '^"^ eS^sSojiiej ns. 

2 capensis, Thtinb. C. G. Hope, s F1. blue. Kan. 

Chitramula gida. ^S^cojsw riS. 

3 rosea, L-nn, Moluccas, s F1. reddish-pink. 

Kan. Kempu chitramula gida. =#D3g)aSi^s3^jss; 
^^. No. 1 seems to be truly wild in some 
parts of Mysore. 



Oedee LXIX, 

PRIMULAGE/E. 

THE PEIMROSE FAMILY, 

A small Order of herbs inhabiting the temperate and 
alpine regions of the northiem hemisphere. No. 2 is the 
only wild species here,. and it properly belongs to Europe 
and West Asia. Eadical leaves, perfect, showy flowers 
and small capsular fruits, are general features of the 
group. Note also the free central placental ion. 

1 Primula, Linn. 

1 vulgaris, Huds. CGmmon Primrose. Eubopet, 
Fl. yellow and various. 

2 Anagrallis, Linn. 

1 arvensis, Linn. Pimpernel. Europe, Kan^ 
Suryakanti soppu. TisstS^'sso^ ^J^^^. 

3 Cyclamen, Linn. 

1 persicum, Mill. Cypeus. Sow Bread, n Fl, 
purphsh red, to violet-white and rose, 

27 



106 CATALO&TJE OF PLANTS. 

Oeder LXX, 

MYRSINE/E. 

THE AEDISIA FAMILY. 

Tropical sbrmbs and trees. Closely allied to the pre- 
ce|ding family, from which, however, they are clearly 
separated by position, size, and texture. Leaves simple, 
alternartie, gland-dotted and exstipulate. Flowers herma- 
phrodite or more rarely unisexual. Placentation free cen- 
tral. Fruit commonly a small berry with one or more seeds, 

1 Msesa, Foesk. 

1 indica, Wall. India, t 

2 Embelia, Bdem. 

1 robusta, Eoxb. India, s • 

3 Ardisia, Swaetz. 

1 involucrata, Kurz. From B. G. Calcittta, F1. 

pink. 

2 polycephala. Wall. W. Indies, s F1. pale rose 

to pink. 

3 humihs, Vahl. India s. F1. pink. Kan. Bodina 

,gida. sfjs^a^ f\zs, 

4 species from Java, by Beddome, s Fl. reddish 

pink. 

4 Jacqtiinia, Linn. 

1 ruscifolia, Jacq. S. Amee. s Fl. white. 

2 armiUaris W. W. Indies, s 

3 aristata, Fl, dull red. 

Gedek LXXL 

SAPOTAGE/E. 

THE SAPODILLA FAMILY. 

This tropical Order of trees and shrubs is generally 
marked by its milky juice, and strongly scented flowers ; 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANaALORE. 107 

the Ifitter mostly affecting a creatny-white colour. Leaves 
alternate, leathery, entire, and usually exstipulate. 
Fl&wers regular in axillary clusters. Stamens epipetalous, 
and 5, 10, or 15 in number. But additional rudimentary 
stamens (staminodes) are frequently present. Ovary 
superior. Fruit a 1 — 8 seeded berry. 

1 Ohrysophyllum, Linn. 

1 cainito, Linn. W. Indies. FL whitish. The Star 
Apple. 

2 Sideroxylon, Ltnn, 

1 inerme, Linn. Iron Wood: C. G. Hope, t F1. 
greenish. 

3 Bassia, Linn. 

1 latifolia, Willd. Mahwa Tree. India. F1. whitish- 

yellow or creamy. Kari. Ippe mara. ■asS^rforf. 

2 longifolia, Linn. Wild Sapota Tree. India. Kan. 

Kadu ippe mara. T^stli <a!j^55od 

4 Mimusopa, Linn. 

1 elengi, Linn. India. tFI. white. Kan. Pagade 

mara. ^ri^^i^i, 

2 hexandra, Koxb. India, t 

5 Achras, Linn. 

1 sapota, Linn. Sapodilla Tree. W. Indies. F1. 
, whitish. 



Oeder LXXII. 

, EBENACE/E. 

THE EBONY FAMILY. 

Tropical shrubs and trees. Eepresented in India 
by two genera, Maha and Diospyros. Leaves as in 
Sajpotacece generally. Flowers dioecious, subsessile or 



108 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

shortly pedicellate, with an articiilation near the apex of 
each pedicel, commonly bracteate. (Jalyx inferior' and 
often accrescent in the fruit. Stamens equal to, or 2 — 
3 times as many as the corolla lobes. With or without 
staminodes. Ovary superior, with 2 — 8 styles,. Ftuit 
conspicuous and usually berried. 

1 Diospyros, Linn. 

1 sapota, Eoxb. Mauritius, t 

2 embryopteris. Pers. Gauh Tree. India. F1. 

white. Kan. Olle tupra inara. ^^^ i^jssji^itf. 

3 montana, Eoxb. Mmmtain Ebony. India, t F1. 

green. Kan. Jagalaganti mara. ^rivriciJ tocS. 

4 Kaki, Linn. India, t 

5 Ebenilm, Kcenig. Ceylon and India. The 

Ehmy Tree. Kan. Bale mara. wss^siirf. 

6 Tupru? Buch-Ham. India. A^ small tree -with 

the foliage of the Jamoon. Fruit the size of 
a crab apple and turning bright yellow. Kan. 
Tupra mara. ^Jtrijdini, 



Oedee LXXIII. 

OLEACEyE. 

THE OLIVE AND JASMINE FAMILY, 

An Old World family of trees and shrubs, charac- 
terised by long domestic use and a few technical points 
of interest. Of the latter note the want of symmetry in 
the flower, the stamens being only two in number while 
the sepals and petals are usually in fours and fives. 
Again, the oyary is 2 — celled, hence we have the repro- 
ductive organs made up of two stamens and the same 
number of carpels. The tribe Jasmnece has many 
species affording deliciously fragrant white and yellow- 
JBowers. 



BOTAKICAL GARDEN, BANGALOEE. 109 

(Tribe jASMiNEiE.) 

1 Jasminum, Linn. All scandent shrubs. 

1 sarabac, Ait. Double Jasmine. Teop. Asia. Fl. 

white. Kan.. Dundu (selusuttina) . mallige 
gida. rfiozSo (av'o?oia^?S) do^A rsd, 

2 „ var. fl. pi. Q'eop. Asia. Kan. Katte 
mallige gida. =5^^ sSiS?^ fvs. 

3 grandiflorum, Linn. India, c Fl. white, slightly 

streaked with red. Kan. A'ne jaji malhge 

gida. «3cS 23223 sSo^?^ f\tl. 

4 officinale. Linn. Common Jasmine. Teop Asia. 

Kan. Sanna jaji mallige gida. ^^^ scseSss'oer^ Ni_ 

5 odoratissimura, Linn. Yelloto Jasmine. Madeira. 

6 latifolia, Ejxb. India. Bioad leaved. (See J. 

ariorescens., Eexb.) 

7 angustifolium, Vahl. India. Fl. white. 

8 rigidum, Zenker. India. Fl. white. Kan. Kadu 

mallige gida. 'S'jzSi doSrt jms, 

9 auriculatum, Vahl. . India. Fl. white. Kan. 

Sanna malle gida. ?3£|^5i3s^h!S. 

10 flexile, Vahl. India. Fl. white. Kan. Bana mal- 

lige gida. M3S^ °^"^ ^^• 

11 humile, Linn. India. Fl. yellow. Kan. Hasaru 

jaji mallige gida. ^'^^^ rasa§»So6>^ nzS. 

12 species. India. Fl white. Kan. Suji mallige 

gida. ?j«/3s3 s^JSrt f^, 

13 pubescens, Willd. India, c F]. white. Kan. 

Basti mallige gida. ^^ siae?^ f\zs, 

14 species. India. Kan. EruVamtige mallige gida. 

en ' 

No. 14 may be J". Sambac var. Eeyneana, 
Wall. 

15 species. India. .Kaw. Ghindu mallige gida. 

T^aoJiarfoeil P>J8. This popular plant is evidently 
a variety of No. 1. 

28 



110 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

2 Nycthanthes, LisN. 

1 arbor-tristis, Lmn. India, s F1. pale yellow, ; 
Kan, Piirijata gida. ti^trai^ f^. 

(TEIBB OLEINBliE.) 

3 Olea, Linn. 

1 europea, Linn. The Olive. Syeia and Gbeece. t 

2 species, A small spreading tree. 

4 Ligustrum, Linn. 

1 robustum. Indian Privet, -v Fl, white and fra- 
grant. 

5 Myxopyrum, Blumb. 

1 smilacifoliuni, Blume. India, c Fl, yellowish. 

6 Noronhia, Thouaes. 

1 emarginata, Poir. Mada(jascab. t Fl. white. 

Oedee LXXIV 

SALVADORAGE£. 

A very small Qrder of trees and shrubs. Closely 
allied to Oleacecs from which it is determined by having 
4 stamens. 

1 Azima, Lamk. 

1 tetracantha^ Lamk. India, a s Kan, Bili wuppi 
gida. 23V «ra§i^ r^. 



Oedee LXXT, 

APOCYNAGEyE. 

THE DOGBANE FAMILY. 

A tropical family of shrubs, rarely trees, usually of 
a climbing habit and possessing a milky juice. Leaves 
opposite or whorled, exstipulate, Wire, and commonly 



BOTANICAL GABDBN, BANGALOEE. Ill 

glabrous or Bhining, Flowers in terminal or axillary 
clusters, handsome, white and yellow colours prevailing. 
Parts in fives, or in fours by suppression. The morphology 
of the pistil is unique in this Order, the carpels being 
often free at the base but united in the style and stigma. 
Observe too the hour-glass form of the latter. Nos. 1, 5, 
10 and 15, are good specimens for dissection. 

1 Oarissa, Linn. 

1 carandas, linn. India, s Jl. white. Ean. 

Korinda gida. '^jsOoiS f^^g The fruit is edible 
and nice. 

2 spinarnm, A. DC. India, c s F1. white. Ean. 

Nayi kalame gida. c33c03=^ej5Sj ?>a5. 

3 eduhs. 

4 macrophylla, "Wall. India, c s Fl. white. 

The vernacular name given to No. 1 applies more 
or less to all the indigenous-species. 

2 Rauwolfia, Linn, 

1 canesceus, Linn. Jamaica, s Fl. whitish. 

3 Oerbera, Linn. 

1 Odollam, Gaertn. Sea-shore and salt swamps. 
India and Ceylon^. t F1. -white. 

4 Kopsia, Blumb. 

1 fruticosa, A. DO. Java, s El. pink and "red. 

5 Vinca, Linn, 

1 major, Linn. Periwinkle. Eueope. c F1. blue. 

2 rosea Linn, India, s F1. rosy red. Kan. Kempu 

kasi ganugalu gida. ^oagi tfsro riesorie;^ ri^. 

3 „ var alba. India, s F1. white. Kan. Bili 

kasi ganugalu gida. zS^'safJ rts^irie^o f\^, 

6 Plumiera, Linn. 

1 acutifolia, Poiret. Teop. Amee. Naturalised in 
India. Pagoda Tree. Fl. yellowish- white or 



112 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

cream. Kan. Deva ganugalu mara. z5?»^ rifwrtw 

2 alba, Jacq. W. Indies, t F1. pure white. 

3 species, s M. wHite. 

7 Alstonia, Be. 

1 scholaris, Brown^ India, t F1. greeiiish-wliite. 

Kan. Jantala mara. ^o^v d:>rf 

2 venenatus, Brown. India, s Kan. Addasarpa 

gida. (sU7^xy\is, 

8 Holarrhena, Be. 

1 antidysenterica, Wall. India, t PI white. 

9 Taberusemontana, Linn. 

1 coronaria, R. Br. India, s F1. white. Kan. 

Naiidi batlu gida. o3oa^:lWi^f^^s. ^ 

2 „ var. ia. pi. Fl. white. 

3 species, s Fl. large white with creamy centre. 

10 Vallaris, R. Be. 

1 dichotoma, Wall. India, c (See V. Heynei, 
Spreng.) Fl. white, fragrant. Kan. Bugadi 
gida. a)3rta T^, 

11 Wrightia, E. Be. 

1 tinctoria, R. Br. Ivory Wood. India, t Fl. white. 

'Kan. Beppale mara. '^^^ ^^^. 

2 tomentosa, var. Mollissima. India, t Fl white. 

Kan. Kadu ganugalu gida.'s's^ r5?«»rtai t^_ 

12 Nerium, Linn. 

1 odorum, Solan. Oleander. India, s M. white, 

rose, or crimson, fragrant and showy. Kan. 
Ganagalu gida. rJpsrtto r\t«. 

2 ' „ var. alba, s Fl. white. 

3 J, var. fl. pi. s Fl. rose or crimson. 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALOEE. 113 



I o 



13 Beaumoutia, Wall. 

1 grandiflora, "Wall. India, c F1. white,- showy. 

2 jerdoniana, Wight. India, c F1. white, showy. 

14 Thevetia, Juss. 

1 neriifoliaj Juss. The Exile Tree. W. Indies. F1. 
yellow, showy. 

15 Allamanda, Willd. 

1 neriifolia, Hook. S. Ambb. s F1. yellow. 

2 cathartica, Linn. Ambe. s F1. yellow. 

3 grandiflora (?) Pohl. Beazil. s F1. yellow. 

4 species, s Fl. yellow. 

16 Ichnocarpus, Be. 

1 frutescens, Br. India, c s Fl. white. 

17 Koupellia, Wall. • 

1 grata, Wall. Sbieea Leqne. s Fl. rosy^white 
to crimson. 

18 Dipladeuia, 

1 Brearleyana, Fl. pink changing to crimson, 
showy. 

19 Echites, Linn. 

1 sub-erecta. a 

2 paniculata, Eoxb. Silhet. c Fl. yeUowish- 

white. (See Anodendron panicuhtvm A. 
D.O.) 

20 Landolphia, 

1 Kirkii. Aeeica. o Fl. white. African 

2 Watsonii. do. a rubber is extracted 

3 species. do. a from these plants. 

29 



114 cataloStJb dP pla::i^ts. 

21 Rhyncospermum, Lindl 

1 jasrainoides, Lindl. China, a Fl. wLite, fragrant. 

22 Adenum, R. and S. 

1 obesum, D.O. Aeabia. s 



Order LXXVI. 

ASCLEPIADAGE£. 

THiE MILKWEED FAMILY. ; 

, ^s in thq prece^ding family, this large tropical Order 5 
is pharacterised by a milky juice. There are no trees, and 
the numerous shrubs are often of a climbing habit. The 
reproductive or essential organs of the flower are arranged ; 
in a manner peculiar to this Order alone. Anthers 
coherent, ■with the pollen masses resting upon the stigma, 
which is 5 rayed or columnar. CorcTnal processes aaigled, 
fleshy, and more or less columnar. When the structure 
of the flower is dice understood, it is not difiScult to 
determine plants of the Asclepiadacese. ^Examine species 
oflSTos, 1, 6, 14 and 18, The Roofers oi Hoya vifidiflcra 
are absolutely green, while there is a strong tendency to 
yellowish-green in m^ny indigdhoiis species. 

1 Hemidesmus, R. Br. 

1 indicus, E. Br. Bastard SarsapiiHlla. India, c 
H. greenish-purple. Kan. Sugetndhi balli. i^rto , 

2 Cryptol^is/^R. 

1 Buchanani, Roem, India, c ^1. yellow. 

2 grandiflora, Wight. India, c 

3 Or^p't<i)^te|^ia, Be. 

1 granffiflora, E.Br. Tndea:. c Madagascar. Flj 
'pinliifch-purple. 



BOTANTCAL SABDEN, BANGALOBE. 115 

4 Secamone, Bb. 

1 emetica, Bf , Isdja. c Kan. Siranigie hambu. 

5 Oxystelma, Be. 

' ' ■ ■ . , . 

1 esculentum, Br. India, o F1. -white-rose -with 
purple veins. 

6 Galotropis, R. Bb. 

1 gigante, R. Br. The Mudar. India, s Fl. 

blueish-purple. Kan. Yekkada 'gida. oi^Snis. 

2 „ var. alba. India, s F1. white. Kan. 
Bill Yekkada gida. ^'i i^^J^hzs. 

3 procera, Br. India.' s Fl. purple. 

7 Asclepias, Linn. Swallow Wort. 

1 curassaTica, Liiin. S Amer. s Fl. scarlet and 



8 Dsemla, Be. 

1 extensa, Br. India, c l^l- yellow, green, and dull 
red. Kan. Juttuve balli. ■^^^^^^^. 

9 Oynaiiclium, Liijn, 

1 alatum, "Wight. India, c Fl, (greenish-purple. 

2 Callialata, Ham. India, c Y41owish-purple. 

10 Sarcostemma, R. Br. 

1 brevistigrna, "W. and A, India, c h'^FI. white. 
Kan. Hambu kalU. ^oaio^^. 

11 'Oyntaema, ^b. 

1 sylvestre, Br. iNiiiA. c Kan. Sanna gerse 
' hambu.^ pSopeJ^^^ei&jo. 



116 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

12 Pergularia, Linn. 

1 minor, Aiidr. India, China, and Japan, c Tie 
Indian Cowslip Creeper, Fl. pale yellow. 

13 Stephanotis, Thouars. 

1 floribjanda, Thouars, Madagascar, h. F1. pure 
■white. 

14 Tylophora, R. Br. 

1 asthmatica, "W. and A. India, o F1. yellowish 

and purple. Kan. A'dumuttada gida. ^^^ 

2 pauciflora, "W-.and A. India c 

3 zeyianica Dene. India and Ceylon, a 

4 tenuis, Blume. India, c F1, purple, 

15 Hoya, E. Br. 

1 carnosa, R. Br. Wax Flower. China, c Fl. 

fleshy-pink. 

2 imperiahs, (?) Lindl. Borneo, a Fl. reddish- 

brown. 

3 viridiflora, R. Br. India, a Fl. green. 

4 Bella, Hook. India, a FJ. white with rosy- 

crimson centre. 

5 ovata, (?) a Nos. 2 and 5 are entered with 

some hesitation. The collection includes a 
beautifully variegated plant which appears 
to be a variety of H. carnosa. 

16 Leptadenia, R. Br. 

1 reticulata, Wight. India, c 

17 Brachystelma, Br. 

1 Beddomei, Hook? India, c hFI. purplish. 

18 Ceropegia, Linn. i 

1 juncea, Eoxb. India, a Fl. greenish, streakedl 
with purple. | 



BOTANICAL GAKDEN, BANGAIOEE. 117 

2 mysorensis, Wight, o India. F1. pale greenish - 

straw. 

3 tuberosa, Eoxb. c India. 

4 hirguta, Wight, c India. F1. greenish, blotched 

purple. 

5 species, c India. M. yellowish, 

19 Gomphocarpus, R. Bb. 

1 fruticosus, R. Br. America, s F1. white. 

20 CarallxLma, E. Be. 

1 adscendena, R. Br. Indu. s h F1. purple, 

2 edulis, Benth. India, s h Tender shoots eaten 

by children, Fl. yellowish-purple. 

21 Boucerosia, R. Bn. 

1 umbellata, W. and A. India, s h F1. purple 

on a golden-yellow ground. 

2 species. India, s h El. purple. 



Oedee LXXVII. 

LOGANIACEyE. 

THE STRYCMNOS FAMILY. 

This Order possesses many of the characters of 
Eubiaceoe. It is distinguished from that family, hoW- 
ever, by its superior ovary. Herbs, shrubs and trees, o-f-' 
tropical and sub-tropical countries. 

1 Mitrasacme, Labill. 

1 aJsinoides, Br. India. © Fl. small, whate. 

2 Buddleia, Linn. 

1 asiatiea, Lour. India and China, s Fl. white. 

30 



118 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

3 Fagraea, Thunb. 

1 cororaanieliana, K W. I?^dia t (Sea F. o'jo- 
vata, Wall.) M. white, showj. 

4 Strychnos, Linn. 

1 Nux-vomica, Linn. India, t ] 

Xan. Nanjina koradu, I. Stry«Lnia is jre- 

, , , .. •' ^ .v9-?=s ».,<r<A spared from Ihe feed 

(mushti) mara. ^^^-^J*^^. f if ,j,is,ree. 

2 potatorum, Linn, India, t Kan, Ohillu mara. 



Oedee LXXVIII 

GENTIANAGE/E. 

THE GENTIAN FAMILY. 

An alpine Order of herbs with opposite leaves and 
pretty terminal flowers. Whorls usually in fours. Corolla 
rotate or funnel-shaped. Ovary superior, one-celled, with 
numerous ovules on two jmrietal placen.as. Stigmas 2. 

1 Exacum, Linn. 

1 tetragonum, Boxb. India, h El. blue. 

2 pedunculatum, L nn, India, k F1. blue. 

2 Hoppea, Willd. 

1 dichotoma, WiUd. India, k F1. white. 
"4 fastigiata, Clarke. India, ^ 

3 Erythrsea, L. 0. Kich. 

1 Koxbiurghii, G. Don. India, h El. rose to red- 
dish. Kan. Kadu kempu jirige gida. ^ez^'^o^ 
s3^07^hs. There is also a var. with white 
flowers. Is this E. saxatilis ? 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALOEE. 119 

4 Oanscora, Lamk. 

1 diffusa, Br. India. O F1. rose. 

2 Wallichii, Clarke, India. © PL rose. 

5 Limnanthemum, S. P. Gmel. 

1 cnstatum, Griseb. India and China, a. h FI. 
while with yellowish centre. 
* 2 indicum, Thwaites, India and Austealia. 
A. -EI Fl. whitish, to yellow at base. 



Ordee LXXIX. 

POLEMONIAGE£. 

THE PHLOX FA^NHLY. 

An American Order of herbs, shrubs and trees. 
India has one representative in the Himalaya. Ovary su- 
perior, 3 — celled, style shortly 3 — fid. Ovules numerous, 

1 !Phl0X, Linn. 

1 paniculata, Linn. N. Amee. s F1. white, rose 

and reddish. 

2 „ var. alba, s Fl. white. 

3 Druinmondi, Hook. Texas. © This well known 

bedding annual succeeds admirably in Ban- 
galore gardens. Fl. various , 

2 Oubsea, 

1 scandens. Fl, light purple, a 



Oedee LXXX. 

HYDROPHYLLACE/E. 

THE HiDROPHYL FAMILY, 

This is another American Ofder of herbs, or rarely 
«oft-' wooded shrubs, and as in the prece|ding family, 



120 CATALOGUE 01" PLANTS. 

India possesses only one indigenous species, No. 2. Leaves 
alternate. Flowers 5 — merous, showy, and often blue in 
colour. Petals imbricated. 

1 Wigandia, Knth. 

1 caracassana, Enth. Caeaccas. s F1. purple. 

2 Hydrolea, Link. 

1 zeylanica, Vahl. Indla. © Subaquatic. Fl. blue. 

3 Nemophila, Baet. 

1 insignis, Benth. Calipoenia. © Fl. blue. 



Oedee LXZXI. 

BORAGINE^- 

THE BOEAGE FAMILY. 

A large Order of herbs, shrubs and trees. Prevail- 
ing in the north temperate zones, and scattered through- 
out the world. Leaves rough, alternate, exstipulate, and 
usually entire. Flowers mostly in scorpioid cymes, or 
solitary, 5 — ^merous. Stamens alternate with the corolla- -. 
lobes. Ovary superior, entire, or two to four lobed, with j 
an ovule in each lobe. Lahiatce has a somewhat similar \ 
ovary, so students should note other characters to deter- 
mine between the two families. 

The tribes Cordieee., EhretiecB, Heliotropieee and 
Boragea are represented by Nos, 1,2, 4 and 9 res-] 
pectively. \ 

1 Cordia, Linn. 

1 Myxa, Linn. India, t Fl. white. Kan, Solle 
(Kendal) mara. ^*^ (=*ocS5) sSatf, 



BOTANICAL GAEBEN, BANGAIiOKE. 121 

2 monoica ? Koxb. Ihdia. * Fl, white. 

3 subcordata, Lamk. Andamans. t Fl. large, 

orange. 

4 species, Indu. t Kan. Tapasi mara. ^^''<^ sSod. 

2 Ehretia, Linn. 

1 l£evis,Eoxb.' India. T Fl. white. XaW. HaHppe 

(kappiira) mara. sosSsS^ i'^^^^) '^^^^• 

2 „ var. pubescens. India, t 

3 „ var. aspera. India, t 

The vernacular name ' Kodali murka mara' possibly 
applies to one of these varieties. 

4 buxifolia, Eoxb. India, s Fl. white. Kan- 

Yennebudige gida. '^^.^^^'^ ^^. 

5 "Wightiana, Wall. India, t 

3 Coldenia, Linn. 

1 procijmbens, linn. A common weed: India. O 
Fl. white, small. * 

4 Heliotropiumi Linn. 

1 peruvianum, Linn. Heliotrope. Tk&v. s Fl. blue* 

to purple. 

2 strigpsum, Wnid.. India, o 

3 indicum, Linn. India. © Fl. whitish. 

5 Trichodesma, 

1 indicum, India. © Fl. lavender to pale purple. 

2 amplexicaule, Roth. India. © 

3 zeylanicum, Br. India and Getlon. o 

6 Anchusa, Linn. Alkanet. 

1 italica, Eetz. S. Eueopb. h FLblue. 

7 MyoSOtis, Linn. 

1 palustris, With. Forget-me-not. Eueope. h Fl.: 

blue. 

2 'sylvatioa, Hoffmi Himalaya, k 

81 



122 CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 

8 Symphytum, Linn. 

1 asperrimum, Prickhj Comfrey.. k F1. reddish- 
purple. 

9 BoragO, Linn. 

1 officinalis, Linn. Borage. Eueope. © Pi. blue. 

10 Oynoglossum, Linn. 

1 furcatum, Wall. India, h F1. blueish-purple. 
Kan. Amrada soppu. esii^d ?!ja^. 



Okder LXXXII. 

GONVOLVULACEyE, 

THE BINDWEED FAMILY. 

The plants of this Order are mostly of a twining or 
trailing habit, but there are also some erect shrubs, and 
a fe\v^ trees. Confined almost exclusively to tropical and 
sub-tropical regions. Leaves alternate and exstipulate, 
usually long-petiolate. Flowers conspicuous and gaily 
coloured, campatiulate or funnel — shaped; cymose and 
bracteate. Note the plaited corolla which is an unusual 
condition in gamcipetalae. Also the annular disc sur- 
rounding the superior 2 — 4 celled ovary. Seeds definite, 
being usually 4 — 1. 

The elephant creeper, Argyreia s^eciosa, is a good 
large type of the family. The tribe Guscutea consists of 
leafless parasites suspended from the trunks and branches 
of trees in the cooler parts of India. 

1 Erycibe, Roxb. 

I paniculata, Eoxb. Indu. s F1, yellowish. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALORE. 123 

2 Bivea, Chois. 

1 omata, Chois. India, a s FJ. large, white. 

2 hypocrateriforrnis, Chois. India, c s F1. -whitish. 

3 Argyreia, Lour. 

1 speciosa, Swt. Mepkant Creeper. India. F1. rose. 

Kan. Samudrapala balh, fi^a^t^iv iiiV 

2 cuneata, Ker. India, s F1. bright purple. Kan. 

Atchari ^da. «S2^s hs. 

3 tiliaefoUa, Wight. India, a s Fl, rose-purple. 

4 bracteata, Chois. India, a 

5 pomacea, Chois. India, o 

6 species, c 

4 Lettsomia, Roxb. 

1 setosa, Roxb. India, c FI. rose. 

2 species. India, o PI. rose with reddish centre. 

Kan. Ongani hambu. eroricS ^osOi. 

5 Ipomsea, Linn. 

1 bona-nox, Linn. Trop, Amer. Moon-flower 

Creeper. FI. pure white. 

2 „ var. grandiflora. A larger forpi. Fl. 
pure white. 

3 coccinea, Linn. Trop. Amer. a Fl. crimson. 

4 Quamocht, lian. Trop. Amer. o Fl. crimson. 

5 do. var. alba. Trop. Amer. o Fl. white. 
Indian forget-me-not. 

6 hederacea, Jacq. India and Trop. Amer. c 

Morning Glory. Fl. blue. 

7 purpurea, Lamk. Trop. Amee. and India, a 

Fl. purple. 

8 superbiens, Hort, c Fl. rosy- mauve. 

9 digitata, Linn. Trop. Asia, c Fl. pinkish-purple. 
10 pentaphyfla, Jacq. India, a ©. Fl. whitish. 



124 cataijOgub of plants, 

11 Batatas, Lamk. Amebic A. c Smet Potato. Fl.- 

purple. 
12'pes-tigridis, Linn. India and Teop. Apeica. 

c © Fl. pinV. 

13 eriocarpa, Br. India, a ©;'F1. pink; £kmi 

MuUi balli. ^i%^% 

14 afigustiifolia,' Jacq.'^ Indi'a. c Fli yd^o-^ with. 

purple' eye. 

15 chrySeides; Ker. India and C&MA.c FL yel- 

low. 

16 reniformis, Ohois. India, a Fl. sniall yellow. 

17 obscura, Ker; India.! c Fl, creamy or> pale yel- 

low with purple' eye. 

18 aquatica, Forsk. India. A. 0; Fl. pate ' purple. 

Kan. Balle hambu. sOs^J^oaM. 

19 campanulata, Linn. IndiIJ c Fl. purple. 

20 biloba, Forsk;' India and Ceyeon, near tbe sea. 

c Goats-foot Creeper. Fl. large, purple. 

21 kentrocaulos, , Clarke. India, q FI. yellow. 

(See I iiiberosa.) 

22 palmata, Forsk. Teop. Asia, a Fl. pale mauve. 

23 species. © a stem muricatedj leaves large, 

cordate. FI? putpleat mouth white within. 

6 Hewittia, w: and A. 

1 bicolor, W. and A. India, c Fl. yellow with 
purple eye. 

7 Oonvolvnlus, Linn Bindweed. 

1 parviflorus, Vahl. Teop. Asia. ® Fl. pink or 

white. : 
2'arvensis, Linn. India, c Fl. purpk Kan. Na- 

ranji: balli. ^o^ ^^j, 
3 tricolor, Linn. S. Eueope; © Fl. various, 
I 4 scammonia, LiraiL Sdwm^ikonf. Levant, c Fl. 

white. 
5 species (?) c FL.blue. Sbiw; Gouri balli ? n"Se rt^. 



BOTANICAL GABDEN, BANGALORE. 125 

8 Exogdnmm, Choisy. 

1 purga, Benth. Jalap Mexico, o 

9 Jacquemontia, Choisy. 

1 cserulea, Choisy. Ambe. c F1. blue. 

10 EvolvulU3, Linn. 

1 aisinoides, Linn. India, c £aw. Vishnukranti 

SOppU. '^^i^P^ r3j3^^. 

11 Porana, Buem. 

1 volubilis, Burm. Teop Asia., c F1. crearay- 
•white. 

12 CuSCUta, Linn. 

1 reflexa, Roxb. An Indian parasite. Branches 
in dense yellow masses, fleshy. ¥\. small 
■whitish. 



Oedee LXXXIII. 

SOLANACE£. 

THE NIGHTSHADE FAMILY. 

An extensive Order of herbs and shrubs, very rarely 
soft wooded trees. Confined mostly to the warm parts 
of the world, while useful species, such as the potato, are ' 
much scattered by cultivation. Leaves alternate or 
geminate, but never oppositej; exstipulate. F lower i in 
terminal, axillary or extra-axillary cymes. Observe that the 
latter condition is not unusual. They are also regular, sex- 
ual, and isomerous; white and blue, with prominent yellow 
anthers, being the prevailing colours. Ovary 2 — celled 
or spiiriously 4-=-celled. Ovules indefinite, on projecting 
peltate placentas. Fruit various, with numerous seeds. 
Note, also, the frequent enlargement of the calyx as the 
fruit attains maturity. The Sub- Orders Solanece, Syos- 

32 



126 CATALOaUE OF PLANTS. 

cyamece and Cestrinece are represented by Nos. 1, 8 and 
13 respectively. Many species are powerfully narcotic. 

1 Solanum, Linn. Nightshade. 

1 nigrum, linn. India, ec F1. white. Fruit black. 

Kan. Kari kachi gida. 'Q ^»«* ^'^. 
NoTB^ — the red- fruited var. is called Kempu kachi 
gida. =i?o^ '5'saS f^^ 

2 verbascifolium, Linn. India and Teop. Amee. 

El. white. A large shrub. Kan. Savdangj^^ 
gida. "f^sSoh Pi^. ' 

3 giganteum, Jacq. India and Ceylon, t Pi. 

blue. 

4 lerox, Linn. India, s H. white. Fruit yellow. 

5 torvum, Swartz. India, China and Teop. Amee. 

% s Y\. white. Fruit yellow. 

6 indicum, Linn. India, s F1. blue. Fruit reddish 

yellow. Kan. Kempu guUa gida. =*o^ ^^^ f^sS. 

7 Melongena, Linn. Oultd. Bringal, Egg-plant^ or 

Aubergine. Fl. blue.^ Fruit large, s Kan. 
Badane gida. e^jSeS r^ii. 

8 „ variety. Possibly the garden plant 
run wild. Fl. blue. Kan. Eama gulla gida. 

9 xanthocarprm, Schrad. India, s (See, S. Jac- 

quini) Fl. blue. Fruit yellowish with green 
spots. 
* 10 trilobatum, Linn. India, c s Fl. blue. 

11 arboreum. H. and B. Potato Tree. S. Amee? t 

■ Fl, blue and white- 

12 tuberosum, Linn. S. Amee. h Potato. Fl. blue 

and white. Kan. Urala gadde. votfe; i^d 

13 species, s Auste, 

14 species, s India or S. Amer. 

2 Oyphbmandra, D.o. 

1 betacea, D.C, Trop, Amee. s Tree Tomato. F 1. 
white. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALOEE. 



127 



3 Lycopersicum, Touenee. 

1 esculentum, Mill. Tomato, S. Amee. © Fl. ,pale 
yellow. Kan. Chapparada badane gida. v^^^ti 

4 Physalis, Linn. 

1 peruviana, Linn. Cape Gooseberry. Peeu. ^ Fl. 

clear yellow, with 5 purple spots within. 
Kan. Budde hannu gida, ^^^^^ ^^. 

2 minima, Linn. Teop. Asia, © Fl, bright yellow 

5 Capsicum, Linn. 

1 frutescens, Linn, Cultd. © Common CMllee. 

Fl. white Kan. Holada menasina gida. '^jswrf 

2 minimum, Eoxb. Cultd. k Birds-eye CMllee. 

Fl. white. Kan. Earangi menasina gida. 3^^°?* 

3 grossum, "Willd. Cultd. © Kaffree and Nepaul 

CMllee. Fl. white. 

4 „ var! cerasiformis. © Fl. white. 

5 annuum, Linn. S. Amee. Fl. white. Kan. 

Menasina gida. sJoPSrCoS fvz. 

6 Withania, Panq. 

1 somnifera, Dunal. India, s Fl. yellow. Kan. 
Hirimaddina gida. SoCsio^rf f\zi, 

7 Nicandra, Adans, 

1 physaloides, Gsertn. Peett and India. © FJ. 
blue. Kan. Budde (bondula) gida. ^^^ 

8 Datura, Linn. 

1 stramonium, Linn. Thorn Ajpjple. Europe- © H- 



128 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

white. Kan. Bili ummatti gida. "^'i enjsSo^S^PNS. 

2 do. var. Tatula, India, © Fl. purple. 
Kan. Kari ummatti gida. =^s ^^^^^ ^^. 

3 fastuosa, Linu. S. Amee. © 

4 chlorantha, fl. pi. Hokt. © Fl. yellow. ' 

5 epecies. © 

9 Brugmansia, Pees. 

1 suaveolens, Pars. Trumpet Flower. W. Indies. 
s El. white. 

10 Hyoscyamus, Linn. 

1 ^uiger, Linn. Henbane. Eueope. © Fl. purplisb| 
within, lurid-green and purple-veined with- 
out. 



11 Petunia, Jxjss. 

1 nyct'agiriifiora, Juss. S. Amee. tx ■) -p, 

2 variabilis, Hort. © I. 

3 violacea, Lindl. B. Atees. © J ^'"''- 



12 Habrotliammis, Endl. 

1 elegans^ Humb. and Bonpl, S. Amee. s Fl. 
rosy-red to crimson. 

13 Nicotiana, Linn. 

1 Tabacum, Linn. Tobacco. S. Amee. k Fl. 

whitish. Kan. Hoge soppu. ^Js^ ??j®^^. 

2 glauca, Grrah. S. Amee. s Fl. yellow. 

3 species, k s 



Oedee LXXXIV. 

SCROPHULARINEyE 

THE FIGWOKT FAMILY. 

A large Order of herbs, shrubs, or exceptionally 
trees, ieaves opposite, or more rarely alternate and 



BOTANICAL GABDEN, BANaALOBE. 129 

whorled ; exstipulate. Flowers irregular, and anisomerous 
by the suppression of one or more stamens. The latter 
condition should be carefully noted as it technically sepa- 
rates the family from Solanacem. Observe, too, that the 
perfect stamens are often didynamous. The Order is 
■widely scattered over the globe and affords many popular 
garden flowers, as also a considerable proportion of the 
weeds of most countries. Nos. 1,4, 10, 15 and 21 are 
good examples for study, as they represent the more 
injportant tribes of the group. 

1 Verbascum, Linn. 

1 Thapsus. Linn. Mullein. Eueope. h F'l. white. 
Kan. Kadu Hoge soppu. 'SivHi ^^f, tSjs^^. 

2 Oelsia, Linn. 

1 coromandeliana, Vahl. India and China. © Fl. 
yellow. 

3 Linaria, Touenef. Toad-flax. 

1 dalmatica. Eubopb. h Fl. sulphur-yellow. 

2 triornithophora. Europe, h Fl. purple. 

4 Antirrhinum, Linn. 

1 majus, Linn. Snap-Bragon. Eubope. h Fl. 
various. 

5 Mimulus, Linn. Monkey Flower. 

1 cupreus, Hort. © M. 

2 luteus, DO. Chili, h blotched 

3 variegatus. O various colours. 

6 Limnophyla, Bb. 

1 gratioloides, Br. India, in paddy-fields, h: 

2 do. var. intermedia ? n 

7 Herpestis, O^ietn. f. 

1 Monniera, H. B. and K. India. A marsh herb. 
M. white and blue, Kan. Niru bramhi soppu. 

33 



130 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

8 Torenia, I^inn. 

1 asiatica, Linn. Sispara Creeper'. India. El. violet 

-blue. 

2 species. © Fl. violet-purple. 

9 Vandellia, Linn. 

1 Crustacea, ^enth. India. © 

2 Bcabra, Benth. India. © 

3 erecta, Benth. India. © 

4 pedunculata, Benth. India. ® Fl. pale blue 

with white spot, or whitish. 

10 Ilysanthes, Eafin. 

1 hyssopioides, Benth. India and China. © PI. 
pale blue. Kan. Niru goni soppu. v^^^ rtjs^pJ 



2 parviflora, Benth. India. © Fl. white to blue. 

11 Veronica, Linn. 

1 spicata, Schr. Speedwell. Eukope. h Fl. blue. 

12 Striga, Lour. 

1 euphrasioides, Benth. India, h Fl. white. 

13 Rhamphicarpa, Benth. 

1 longiflora, Benth. India, h FL, whitish. 

14 Sopubia, Hamilt. 

1 delphinifolia, G. Don. India (Bangalore.) k Fl. 

mauve or rose. 

2 „ var. alba. M. pure white. 

15 Maurandia, Jacq. 

1 Barclayana, Lindl. Mexico, c Fl. deep violet 

to nearly white. 

2 ., fl. coccinea. Fl. rosy-red- 

3 semperflorens, Jacq. Mexico, c 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALOEE. 131 

16 Penstemon, L'Hbeit, 

1 Hartwegii, Benth, Mexico, ji ] 

2 campanulatum, Willd. Mexico. I Fl. 

3 hirsutus, W. Mexico, k !■ varied in 

4 Lobbianum, Hook. Chill h: colour. 

5 glabrum, Pursh. N, Amee- h j 

17 Angelonia, Humb. and Bonpl. 

1 floribunda, Kunze. Beazil. h FL violet- purple. 

2 do. var. grandiflora. Hoet. h FJ. violet- 
purple. 

18 Browallia, Linn. 

1 elata, Linn. Peeu. © PI. blue. 

2 „ var. alba. O Fl. wliite. 

19 Lophospermum, Don. 

1 Bcandens, Hook. Mexico, c Fl. pink. 

20 Colllnsia, Nutt. 

1 bicolor, Benth. Columbia, h Fl. 

2 grandiflora, K. Br. Columbja. k rose-pink. 

21 Calceolaria, Linn. 

1 mexicana, Benth. S. Amee. © SUpperwort. This 
plant is not successfully cultd. at Bangalore. 
II. yellow. 

22 Paulow^ia, Seibold, 

1 species, s 

23 Russellia, Linn. 

1 junpea, Zucc. Mexico. ,9 Fl. red. 

2 floribunda, (?) H. B. and Ktb. Mexico, s Fl. 

red. 



132 CATALOGUE 01" PLANTS. 

24 Brunfelsia, Linn. 

1 americana, Linn. "W. Indies, s F1. white chang- 
ing to yellow. 

25 Pranciscea, Pom. 

1 acuminata, Pohl. Brazil, s 

2 iiniflora, Pohl. Brazil, s F1. violet to whitish 

purple. 

26 Sauchezia, Rmz & Pay. 

1 Qobilis, Euiz and Pav. Ecuador, s F]. 

2 do. var. variegata. do. s yellow. 



Order LXXXV. 

OROBANCHAGEyE. 

THE BROOM-EAPE FAMILY. 

A small Order of leafless parasitical herbs found 
mostly on the roots of grasses. Excepting at the Cape 
of Good Hope, they are chiefly confined to the northern 
hemisphere. Some species are injurious to mustard, 
tobacco, and other field crops of this country. Search 
for small scaly or fleshy plants of a whitish, reddish, or 
yellowish colour. 

1 ^ginetia, Linn. 

1 iiadica, Eoxb. India. A paraate. 

2 pedunculata. Wall. India and CraNA. A 

parasite on the roots of grasses. 

2 Orobanche, Linn. 

1 nicotianse, Wight. Indu. Prevalent in tobacco 

crops; 

2 indica, Ham. India. Prevalent in mustard 

crops. 



botanical oaeden, bangaloee. 133 

Order LXXXVI. 

LENTIBULAR!AGE£. 

THE BUTTER-WOET FAMILY. 

A small cosmopolitan Order of aquatic or marsh 
herbs. Corolla 2 — lipped, and spurred. 
Stamens 2. 

1 Utricularia, Linn. 

1 reticulata, Smith. India. j^ In paddy fields. 

Fl. blue. 

2 flexuosa, Vahl. India. © a In paddy fields. 

Fl. yellow. 

Order LXXXVII,. 

GESMERACEiE. 

THE GESNERA FAMILY. 

Herbs or undershrubs. A large Order distributed 
through sub-tropical Asia and tropical America. Leaves 
exstipulate, simple, often wrinkled, and variously at- 
tached. In the Sub-Order Eugemerece the herbaceous 
plant is usually deciduous, life being sustained for a 
season by the scaly tubers. Flowers irregular, showy, 
bracteate, and sexual. See the cultivated garden plants 
Gloxinia and Achimenes. The Sub-Order Cyriandrece, 
which is alone indigenous to India, is determined by a 
superior ovary, exalbuminous fusiform seeds, and com- 
monly a slender sihquiform capsule. Examine species of 
Nos. 1 and 4, which represent the two Sub-Orders re- 
ferred to. 

Sub-Oedee. 

CYRTANDKE.2E, 

1 .ffischynanthus, Jacq. Epiphytal under-shrubs. 
1 radicans. Wall. Indu. s Fl. scarlet with yel- 
low throat. 

34 



134 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



2 ceylanica, Gardn. India, s M. reddish-purple.'- 

2 KlUgia., SCHLECHT. 

1 Notoniana, A. DO. India. © Fi, white blue and 
yellow. 

Sub-Ordee. 

EDGESNERE.^;. 

3 Gesnera,, Linn. 

1 tubiflora, Linn. S. Amer. h 

2 longiflpra, Humb- and Bonpl. Brazil, -e 

3 tuberosa, Mart. Brazil, h 

4 barbata, Nees. Brazil, h 

5 splendene, Hort. h 

6 zebrina Paxt. S. Amer. h 



03 

•g 

cS 



^ 



4 Achimenes, R. Br. 

1 coccinea, Mexico, h 

2 longiflora, Hook. Giiatem. h 

3 pedunculata, Benth. Guatem. 

5 Grloxinia, L'herit^ 

1 maculata, W. Bi?'Aziij. n 

2 speciosa, Ker. Brazil, h 

3 insignis, Hort. n 

4 species, h 

6 Stre%t|Qci£i'ptis, LiNDL. 

1 Kexii, Lindl. C. G. Hope, h 



Fl. various, 
blue and 
purple prie- 
valing. 



n. 

various. 



Order LXXXVIII. 

BI6N0N1ftGE/E- 

THE BlGI^DNiA t-AMILY. 

Trees and climbing shrubs, rafe'^" 'herbs. Leaves^ 
opposite, componiMi,, and exstipulate. J^^^twers in terminal: 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALORE. 135 

panicles or raicemes, irregular,, sexual, and usually very 
ghowy. Corolla tubular, trumpet-shaped or campanulate, 
usually large. Stamens rarely equal in number to 
corolla-lobes, often didynamous. Onary seated upon a 
disc, 2 — celled. Seeds numfrous and winged. Fruit an 
elongated (often sword-shaped) capsule^ The American 
Sub-Order Cre%centiaceae comprises the calabash trees of 
of the West Indies, witb large gourd-l^ke fruit. These 
are represented at Bangalore by Nos. 11 and 12, The 
Indian plants of this well defined Order are, with two 
exceptions, trees. For good types of the latter see Nos, 
1, 2, and 8. 

1 Millingtonia, Linn. f. 

1 hortensis, Lima. f. India and Bupmah. t The 
Indian Cork Tree. Fl, white. Kan. Biratu 
mara. sStiW^ ^^. 

2 Oroxylum, Vent. 

1 indicum. Vent. India, t Fl. purple. Much 
better known by the old name Bignonia 
indica, Linn. 

3 Bignonia, Linn. Tnmpet Fltmer. 

1 venusta, Ker. S. Au-eu. a The prange-fld. 

climber .which is commonly seen in local 
gardens. , 

2 gracilis Lodd. S. America, c Fl, bright yellow. 

or canary. Growing over the 'Dar\winia.' 

3 chamberlaynii, Sims. Brazil, o Fl. pale yel- 

low, 

4 Tecoma, Jirss, 

1 stans, Juss. S, Amee. s Fl. bright yellow. 

2 jasminoides, G. Don. Apstr. o Fl purplish- 

white. 



136 CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 

3 velutina, Hort. s M. bright yellow. 

4 auBtralis, R. Br. E. Auste. o F1. dull orangey i 

reddisii within, 
'5 australis, var. La Trobi, F. Muell. E. Atjste. c 

6 capensis, E. Br, C. G. Hope, c El. orange-red 

7 lindulata, G. Don. India, s El. orange. 

5 Dolichandrone, Seem. 

1 falcata, Seem. India, t El. whitish. 

6 Spathodea, Beatt. 

1 campanulata (?) Introduced. When in flower 
this fine tree is one of the handsomest objects 
in our Parks and Gardens. Corolla orange 
crimson, mouth 4 — 5 inches in diam. Capsule 
flat, shghtly keeled, 11 by 2 in; acute at 
both ends. 

7 Heterophragma, DC. 

1 adenophyllum, Seem. India, t El. brownish 
yellow. 

8 Stereospermum, 

1 chelonoides, DC. India, x El. rose. 

The sweet-scented flowers are much prized 
for garlands, etc. Kan- Pddari mara. ^!>^ ^^''^. 

2 Buaveolens. DC. India, t F1. yellowish-purple. 

3 xylocarpom, "Wight. India, t IPl. white. (See 

Bigmnia, xylocarpa.) Kan. Kdnana kombu J 
mara. "^js^pbiS =^o&23 sSiti. 

4 species, t El. yellow. Kan. Kadu honge mara. 

'Stl^i ^JSOT^ sJsd, 

9 Amphilophium, Kunth. 

1 Mustisii, Kunth. Ameb. o El. purple. 

10 Oatalpa Juss. 

1 speciosa, Calieoenia. t 



botamcal aabden, bangaloee. 137 
Sub-Ordeb. 

CRKSCENTlACE^. 

11 Crescentia, Link. 

1 alata, H. B. and Kth. Calabash Tree. Mexico, 
Fi. rosy-purple. 

12 Kigelia, DO. 

1 pinnata, DO. W. India, t FL reddish-purple. 

Oedee lxx:xix. 

piuimin. 

THE GINGELIE OIL FAMILY. 
A small Order of herbs, chiefly. It is distinguished 
from Bignoniacecs by its herbaceous nature, spuriously 
4 — celled ovary, and wingless seeds. The cultivated 
' Olle yellu gida' is the ordinal type. 

1 Pedalium, Linn. 

1 Murex, Linn. India. © Fl. yellow. 

2 Sesamum, Linn. 

1 mdicum, DC. Gingelie Oil Flanf. India. © Fl. 

rcisy- white, to yellow and nixrple within. Kan. 
Olle yellu gida. aos?, -i^j iSs. 

2 laciniatum, Klem, India, h Fl. purple-yellow. 

3 Martynia, Linn. 

1 fragrans. Lindl. Mexico. © Fl. yellow. 

2 diandra, Glox. Amee. h The Devils Claw. Fl. 

rosy-violet. 

Oedee XO. 

AGANTHACE£. 

THE ACANTHUS FAMILY. 

This extensive Order of herbs and shrubs is mostly 
- confined to warm countries., and ia largely represented 

35 



138 CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 

in India. Leaves Opposite, simple, and exstipulaie. 
Fkwers irregular, often in terminal rigid spikes, bracteate 
and 2 — bracteolate. Calyx inferior, 5 — ntierous. Corolla 
2 — lipped or irregularly 5 — merous. Stamens didy- 
namous or diandrous. Ovary 2 — celled, undivided and 
superior. Seeds definite and usually attached to the 
placenta by a hooked process. Capsule 2 — valved, often 
panduriform and clavate. The morphology of the ovary, 
and subsequently the fruit and seed, aftbrd distinctive 
characters. Likewise the conspicuous bracts which, in 
many examples, partly conceal the flowers. Species of 
Nos. 1, 3, 12 and 19 are good types of the family. 

1 Thunbergia, Linn. 

1 grandiflora, Eoxb Teop. Asia, c F1. blue. 

2 do. var. alba, c Is this the var. axillaris' 
of the Flora of British India ? The flower is 
white. Eeceived from Calcutta. 

3 ]aurifoha,Lindl. India and Malay Peninsula, 

c Fl. blue. 

4 coccinea. "Wall. India, c Fl. red. 

5 mysorensis, T. Anders. India, c Munserabad 

Creeper. Fl. orange and red. 

6 fragrans, Eoxb. India, c Fl. white. 

7 „ var vestita, Nees. Fl. white. 

8 alata, Bqjer. Africa, c Fl. orange-yellow with. 

claret base. 

9 „ var. Fl. canary to pale yellow with ela,ret 

throat, c 

10 Hawtayneana, "Wall. India and Cetlon. s o 

Fl. violet purple with yellow throat. 

11 species. Slender creeper. Fl. primrose-yellow.^ 

Possibly a var. of No. 8. 

2 Nelsonia, E. Be. j 

1 campestris, Br. India h A weed. Fl. rosy-.| 
white. I 

3 Hygrophila, E. Bb. 

1 spinosa. T. Anders. India, h Fl. bluish- 
purple. Kan. KolaTanke gida. '^Jis'sio'* 'f^a. 



BOTANICAL GAKDEN, BANGALORE. 1 39 

2 salicifolia, Nees. India, h M. pale purple. 

4 Caloplianes, D. Don. 

1 vagans? Wight. Itsdia. h Fl. blue. 

5 Euellia, Linn. 

1 formosa, Andr. Brazil, s Fl. scarlet. 

2 macrophylla, Vahl. s Introduced. © Fl. red. 

3 prostrata, Lamk. India, h Fl. pale purple. 

Kan. Bhimana soppu. 2??»^3oS tIjb^^. 

6 Phaylopsis, Willd. 

1 parviflora, Willd. India, k A common weed. 
Fl. small whitish. 

7 Dsedalacanthus, T. Andees. 

1 roseus, T. Anders. India, s Fl. rose. (See 

Erantkemum.) 

2 montauus, T. Anders. India, h Fl. pale blue. 

8 Hemigraphis, ISTees. 

1 latebrosa, Nees. India, i-i Fl. blue and yeUow. 

9 Strobilanthes, Blume. 

1 consanguineus, Clarke. India, s Fl. bluish. 

2 Hrtyneanus ? Wees. India, s Fl. pale blue. 

3 ixiocephalus ? Benth. India, s Fl. white. 

■ 4 isophyllus, T. Anders. Khasia Mts. (See Gold- 
fussia.) Fl. lavender. 

5 anisophylks, T. Anders. Khasia Mts. s Fl. 

lavender. 

6 Newii, Bpddome. India, s Fl. purple. 

7 species. Postrate herb with metallic leaves and 

small white flowers. 

8 species, s 

10 Blepharis, J«bs. 

1 boerhaaviaefolia, Pers. India, k Fl. pink-white. 

Kan. Kudali soppu. '^Ji^Q ^Ji^^. 

2 raoUuginifolia, Pers. India, k Fl. whitish. 



140 CATALOGUE 0¥ PLANTS. 

11 Acantlms, Touenf. Bears Breech. . 

1 ilicifolius, Linn. India, b F1. blue. 

12 Barleria, Linn. 

1 Gibsoni, Dalz. "W. India, s M. large, rosy-lilac. 

2 Prionitis, Linn. Trop. Andia. s M. yellow. 

3 buxifolia, Linn. India, s F1. rosy-purple, 

4 mysorensis, Koth. India, s FJ. pale purple, 

Kan. Gubichi ^da. rfosSaS nsi, 

5 longiflora, linn. India, s F1. white. 

6 cristata, Linn. India, s F1. white. 

7 rubra? Ham. s Fl. rosy-red. Appears to be 

identical with cristata, except in colour. 

8 species, s Leaves white. Fl. long, tubular, and 

white. 

9 species, s FL.blue. 

13 Crossandra, Salisb, 

1 undulsefolia, Salisb. India and Ceylon, Cultd, 

Fl. yellow. 

14 Asystasia, ."Blume. 

.1 coromandeliana, Nees. India, h Fl. pink or 
pale-purple, often turning white. 

2 .species. Small shrub with pale blue oi? violet 

flowers. 

15 Eranthemum, Linn, 

1 malabarjcum, Clarke. India, s Fl. whitish. 

2 pulchellum, Andr. Noetheen India, s Fl. 

blue. (See Dcedalacanthus nervosus.) 

3 album, Nees. India and Andamans,' s fl.} 

white. 

4 Anderspni, Masters. Sihgapoeb, s Fl. white. ; 

5 pallidum, s 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANaALOBE, 141 

6 bicolor, Schrank. Isl. Lucon. s F1. white with 

reddish spots. 

7 nobilis. s 

8 elegans. s 

9 species, s 
10 species, s 

16 Andrographis, Wall. 

1 paniculata, Wall. Kela vemlu.. India. © k M. . 

white, spotted rose-purple. 

2 ^erpyllifolia, Wight, c Kcm. Saradale' gadde. 

17 Gymnostachyum, Nees. 

1 ceylanicum, Am. India and Ceylon, s !F1. 
purple. 

18 Lepidagathis, Willd. 

1 cristata, Willd. T^eop. India, c h F1. pale- 

wiiite, brown spotted, Kan. Gautu kalu 
gadde. rtoWo 'S'sv'o rizl . 

2 fascicqlata, Nees. Teop. India, n Fl. whitish. 

19 Justicia, Linn. 

1 coccinea, Aubl. S. Amee. s Tl. scarlet. 

2 Betonica, Linn. India and Ceylon, s Fl. 

white, rose-spotted. 

3 gendarussa, Linn. India and China, s Fl. 

white with rose spots. Much used as a 
green edging plant at Bangalore, Kan. 
Natchu ka^m. '^l,'^\. 

4 tranquebarieosis, Linn. India, s Kan. Kaddi 

yerakina gida. "^^ccfcdS-td f^?s. 

5 diffusa, var. A prosft ate "herb. India. 

6 . „ var. HedxCitidifolia. s Kan. Busi 

gida. tOjSfO T\T&, 

7 procumbens, Linn. Jndia and C;eylon, ^ Kan. 

Nela bsviiia' gida. ?5^u^^t5cS t\r$. 

. 36 



142 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

8 species. An introduced stoub with terminal 
spikes of beautiful yellow flowers. 

20 Adhatoda, Nees. 

1 vasica, Nees. India, Ceylon, and Singapobti. 
Fl. white, s Kan. A'dusoge gida. ^^^'^j^ ,; 

21 Rhlnacanthus, Nees. 

1 communis, Nees. India, s Kan. Dodda patike 
gida. Fl. white. zSjbscU^ hsl. 

22 Ecbolium, Kuez. 

1 Linneanum, Kurz. India and Aeabia. s Fl. 
greenish blue, pecuMar. 

23 Graptophyllum, Nees. 

1 hortense, Nees. India (?) s \ Foliage bron?e or 

2 „ var. picta. ,, s J. yariegated 

„ " ^, " I Flowers red to 

3 „ var. atropurpurea „ s ) ^^^^^ 

24 Rungia, Nees. 

1 repens, Nees. India, "h 

2 parviflora, Nees ? A common weed, 

25 Dicliptera, Juss. 

1 Leonotis ? Dalz S. India, s: 

2 micranthes, Nees. India. ^ 

26 PeristropJi^, Nees. 

1 bicalyculata, Nees. India, k Kan. Sibi gida. * ' 

2 lanceolairia, Neesj; India,i3: 

3 tinctoi'ia, Nees. India. Cultd. h 



BOTAOTCAL GAEDEK, BANGALOEE. 143 

27 Cyrtantiiera, Nees. 

1 aurantiaca, Lindl. Mexico. O s Fl. orange. (See 

Aphelandra.) 

2 Pohliana. S. Ambb. s K. rosy-pink. 

28 Aphelandra, R. Be. 

1 cristata, H. K. W. Indies, s Fl. red. 

29 Meyenia, Schlcht. 

1 erecta, Arrab. Brazil, s F1. blue. 

2 „ fl. alba „ s Fl. white. 

30 Fittonia, Cofm. 

1 argyroneura, Coem. Pbeu. h Leaves beauti- 

2 „ var. rubra-nerva. :« fully marked 



Order XCI. 

VERBENAGEyE. 

THE VERBENA FAMILY. 

An Order of trees, shrubs and herbs ; iriostly fropical. 
Its general morphology is closely allied to that of Acan- 
ihacece and Lahiutm, and the strictly determinable points 
will be found in the structure of the ovaries and the 
disposition of the ovules in the three families. The one 
under notice has an entire, superior, and usually 4-celled 
ovary, with terminal style-. Tha.Qvules are not attached 
by a hooked process, and the fruit is rarely capsular, 
being mostly a drupe or berry. The species are alsa 
much larger, as a rule, than we find them in the allied 
Orders here referred to. Examine species of Nos. 1, 5, 
7 and 10. 

1 Lantana, Xnss. 

1 indica, Roxb. India, s Kan. Kadu jdla gida. 
=rajii gfjs^v" r^. Fruit edible, Fl. white, pink, and 
■ purple. 



144 CATALOGUE OP PliANTS. 

2 camara, Linn. S. Amee. s Kan. Nata hu gida. 

This shrub forms a good hed^e, for which purpose it is 
extensively used in Bangalore. There are manj varieties, 
as regards the colour of the flower, varying from pure 
white to de^p orange and purple. 

2 Lippia, Linn. 

1 nodiflora, Eidi. India, h F1. purpje to white. 
Kan. Kere hippaji soppu, =#55)8o3ij.S ;«j^. 

3 Stachytarpheta, Vahl. Bastmd Vervcm. 

1 indica, Vahl. © « India and Amee. F1. blue. 

2 mutabihs, Vahl. S. Amee. h Much' larger than 

!N"o. 1. 11, scarlet-rose. 

4 Priva, Adans. 

1 leptostachya, Juss. India and Apeica. » pi. 
white. Kan. Sirantu ^a. JJ^oto ha^. 



5 Verbena, Linn. 

1 officinalis, Linn. Nundidroog n M. blue. 

2 bonariensis, Linn. S. Amee. h F1. Muish-purple. 

3 hybridus, Hort. h Grarden varieties succeed 

well during our cold season, and are much 
cultivated. 

4 Aubletia ? Linn. Amer. ^ 

6 Oallicarpa, Linn. 

1 lanata, Linn. © 3: iNpiA. Fl. bluiah-pTirple. 

7 Tectona, Linn. 

1 grandis, Linn. Tea^ 2Ve. Injua. JTaw. Tegada.' 

mara. j^^?^ sS^oi. M. crearay-vv^ite. pale blue 

2 HamiltbniaTia, Wall, t Buemah. F1. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BAKGALORE. H5 

8 Premna, Linn. 

1 tomentosa, Willd. India and Ceylon, t F). 
yenowish. Kan. Narave or I'ji mara. oS^^^ 

9 Gmelina, Linn. 

1 arborea, Linn. India, t Kan. Kuli or kas- 

miri mara. ^j®3 (^sS^^^o) sSotf. 

2 asiatica, (?) Linn, s 

10 Vitex, Linn. 

1 trifolia, Linn. India, s or t F1. lavender. 

2 Negundu, Linn. B, Asia, India and Ceylon. 

s or T Chaste Tree. Fl. bluish-la-vender. 
Kan. Nekkilu gida. ^%.^ rs^. 

Note. — There are tw© varieties designated the 
black (A;ar«) and white, ijnli) as indicated by the prevail- 
ing colour of the foliage, 

3 altissima, Linn. Indla. t FI. blue. Kan. Navladi 

mara. oSsra a siod. 

4 pubescens, Vahl. India and Ceylon, t F1. 

blue. 

11 Clerodendron, Linn. Glory Tree. 

1 fragrans, Vent. China and Japan, s FJ. double 

rose to white. 

2 siphonanthus, E. Br. India, s F1. white. 

3 phlomoides, Linn. India, s F1. creamy-white. 

4 nutans, Wall. India, s FJ, white. 

5 squamatum, Vahl. India and China, s F1. 

scarlet. 
f) roseum, (?) s Probably a var. of fragrans. * 

7 heterophyllum, Ait. Afeica. s F1. white. 

8 inerme, Gsertn. India and' Ceylon.' F1. white, 

Kan. Vishmadhari gida. Ssa^^s^so f)^. 

37- 



146 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

9 Thomsonise, Balf. Africa, c PI. white and 

red. 

10 serratum, Spreng. India and Ceylon, s Fl. 

pale blue. 

11 infortunatum, Gaertn. India. sFl. -white-pinli:. 

1 2 species ? A sinall tree having triangular foetid 

leaves and dull reddish flowers. Truit not seen 
Kan. Taggi raara. ^^ ^^'^. 

13 Colebrookianum ? Nundidroog. s FJ. reddish. 

Xiaw. Hutchu nare gida, eoe^j^?3si5 hzi. 

12 Holmskioldia, Retz. 

1 sanguinea, Ketz. North I^^dia and China, s 
II. red. 

13 Petrea, Linn. 

1 volubilis, Linn. W. Indies, c F1. blue. 

14 Duranta, Linn. 

1 Ellisia, Linn. Amee. s F1. violet or pale blue. 

2 „ var. alba. Fl. white. Beautiful hedges 

can be formed by these shrubs. 

15 Aloysia, Obteg. 

1 citriodora, Orteg. Lemon Scented Verhena. 
Chili, s F1. pale purple. 

16 Citharexylum, W. 

1 subserratum. America. F1. white, in drooping 
racemes, t 



Order XCII; 

LABIAT/E. 

THE LABIATE FAMILY. 

This large Order of aromatic herbs is most abun-^ 
dant in the horth temperate parts of the world. Shrubby 
planta are rare. Note tbe square stem with opposite, 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALOEE. 147 

pflandular, and exstipulate leaves ; also the irregular 
flower with persistent calyx and deeply 4 — ^lobed 
ovary, the latter being a special character in this 
family. The sacred herb ' tulasi' and its congeners 
are typical plants of the Order, and a careful dissection 
of their parts will instruct the enquirer better than any 
written diagnosis. India possesses 55 genera and about 
340 species. 

1 Ocymum, Linn. 

1 canum, Sims. India and Ceylon, h M. 

whitish. Kan. Nayi tulasi gida. SJscOi ^iv'?o r>zi, 

2 Basilicum, Linn. India, Asia and Aieica. h: 

Sweet. Basil. M. white-purple. Kan. Kam- 
magaggaBi'e gida. ^^^^t^^^ f^^*, 

Note the indigenous varieties Bill, (white) Kam- 
magaggare, and Kari (black) Kammagaggare. 
Also Kasturi Kammagaggari, which is sup- 
posed to be a distinct var. of C. Basilicum- 

3 gratissimum, Linn. India and Africa, s F1. 

pale yellow. 

4 adscendens, Willd. India. © H. pale rose. 

5 sanctum, Linn. India , Asia, and Austealia. 

H Fl. white-purple. Kan. Tulasi gida. ^^^^ 
f^^. This plant is held in great veneration 
by the Hindus. OUe (good) tulasi, kari (black) 
tulasi and Mi (white) Mas? are so many 
varieties of the species. 



\ s 



2 Orthosiphon, Benth. 

1 tomentosus, var. parviflora. S. India, s Kan. 

Kadu Sanna patri gida. =esj^ ^%^^ ^^. 

2 species, s Kdn^ Pennajuttuve gida. s^e&^^wMOjsS 



?«l. 



148 CATALOGUE Oi; PLANTS. 

3 Plectranthus, Linn, 

1 rivularis, Wight. India, h FJ. white. Kan. 

Bill bendu gida. 85^ sSosio r\zi, 

2 incanus, Link. India, h Fl. white. 

4 Coleus, LouE. 

1 spicatus, Benth, S. India. ^ 

2 barbatus, Benth. India and Clylon, k 

3 aromaticus, Benth. India. Cultd. n Kan. 

Dodda patri gida. ^•®'^ sjS^riS. Indian 
Borage. 

4 scutellarioides, Benth. Atistealia. h 

Garden varieties of the genus are much prized as fine-fobage plants. 

5 Anisochilus, Wall. 

1 paniculatus, Benth. India, ii. p. 

2 dysophylloides, Benth. India. (Nundidroog) 

u. s. Kan. Bettada kurivellu gida. ^^^ ^^^ 

6 Lavandula, Linn. 

1 spica, DO. Lavender. S. Europe, h Fl. pale 

blue. . 

2 Burmanni, Bentb^ India, xj. s. Fl. blue or 

white. 

7 PiQgostemon, Depf, 

1 Patchouli, Pellit. h India and Ceylon. Cultd. 

Fl. white. Kan. Patche tene gida. ^%^^ t^^* 
Highly prized by the Hindus. 

2 species. A scentless shrjib. 

8 Dysophylla, Blume. 

1 species. A low herb of paddy fieldp. 



BOTANICAL GABDBN, BANGALORE. 149 

9 Perilla, Linn. 

1 nankinensis. Introduced. A dark-leaved an- 
nual. 

10 Mentha, Linn. 

1 piperita, Linn. Pe^ermint. Etteope, ^ Hind, 

Pudina, ^a?o3. 
'2 viridis, Linn. Spearmint. S. Eueope. h 

11 Origanum, Linn. 

1 Tulgare, Linn. Common Marjorum. Europe. 

li Fl. purplish. 

2 Marjorana, Luin. Sweet Marjorum. N. Apei- 

C.A. © 

12 Thymus, Linn. 

1 vulgaris, Linn. Ccmmon' Thyme. S. Eueope. h 

13 Hyssopus, Linn. 

1 officinalis, Linn. Hyssop. Eueope. h 

14 Melissa, Linn. 

1 officinalis, Linn. Balm. Eueope. k 

15 Salvia, Linn. 

1 officinalis^ Linn. Common Sage. S. Europe. :h: 

Fl, pale blue. Kam. Karpurada gida. "^^rtfrf 

2 coccinea, Linn. S. Ambe. h El. scarlet. 

3 splendens, Ker. Mexico. ^ El. red. 

4 patens, Cav. Mexico, h Fl. blue. 

5 argentea, Linn. Ceete. h: The Silvery Clary. 

Fl., violet-blue. 

6 plebeia, Br, India. © H. whitish. 

38 



150 CATALOGUE or PLANTS. 

7 species. ^ Fl. red. 

8 species, h: Fl. silvery-violet to pale blue. 

16 Marrubium, Linn. 

1 vulgare, Linn. White Sor ehound. Evnovs. siYl, 
"white. 

17 Anisomeles, E. Be. 

1 ovata, Br. India and Ceylon. © Fl. purple. 

Kan. Marigamari soppu. si'Joridjso ^jh^^. 

2 malabarica, Br. India and Ceylon, s Fl. 

purple. Tel. Mogabira chettu. ^JsrtsS^tf ^^^^. 

18 Stachys, Linn. 

1 lanata, Hort. Woundwort. Europe, h 

19 Leonorus, Linn. 

1 sibiricus, Linn. India and Trop. Asia. © Si- 
berian Motherwort. 

20 Leucas, Benth. 

1 moUissima, Wall. India, -a Fl. white. 

2 aspera, Spreng. India. ® Fragrant pot-herb. Fl, 

■white. Kan. Olle tumbe gida. ^!^^ ^o^ s^^f. 

3 helianthemifolia, Desf. India. ©Fl. white. Kati. 

Kadu tuinbe gida. "^^^^^ ^i°sS ?^^. 

4 zeylanica, Br. India. © Fl. white. Kan. Hutchu 

tumbe. ^oBj^ i^osS h:S. 

5 lahatia. Senth. Hills of India, s F1^ white. 

21 Leouotis, Be. 

1 nepetsefolia, Br. Indi^jTeop. Asia and Apei- 
CA.. ® Fl, orange-red, iii dense ball-like 
whorls. Kan. Kadii tunge gida. '^^ ^^^o^ t^^ 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALOBE. 151 

22 dromphostemma, Wall. 

1 eriocarpum, Benth. S. India, kc 

23 Bosmarinus, Linn. 

1 ofiBcinalis, Linn. Itosemary. Europe, s 



Okder XCIll. 

PLANTAGINE/E. 

THE EIBWOET FAMILY. 

A small Order of herbs with radical (ribbed) leaves, 
and axillary scapes bearing numerous small greenish 
flowers. The single species here entered is a good 'type 
of the family. 

1 PiahtagO, Linn. 

1 major, Linn. Trop Asia. India, h- Kan. Sira- 
poth gida. JvtiaSJe^Kz^, ^ 



Oedek XOIV. 

NYCTAOINE£. 

TH]E MABVEL 6t PEEtJ FAMILJ. 

■ Herbs, shrubs, or trees, with opposite or alternate 
' leaves of unequal size. The latter are also entire and 
^exstipulate. Flower monochlamydeous and usually in- 
5 ;yolucrate. This is OliVei-'s first Order oi Incompletse, and 
the term perianth is used to denote that one of the floral 
lenvelopes is wantipg, or if present, that they are about 
'equal in colour, size^ and texture. The persistent tube of 
the perianth enclgse^ the superior .one-celled and one-seed- 
ed ovary. Note the small yellow flowers of iSougainvUka 



152 CATAIiOGUE OF PLANTS. 

rendered insignificant between the gaily coloured bracts 
(involucre) of that genus. Nos. 1, 3 and 4 should be 
stiidied. 

1 Bcerhaavia, Linn. Hogmed. 

1 repens, Linn. India. ^E3: Fl. reddish. 

2 ,, var. procumbens, India, k fl. yellow. 

3 „ var. difPasa. India, s: Fl. yellow, Tel. 
A'da ataku .mamidi aku. ^^ ssWis^osSjiSia e5=5'o, 

4 repanda, Willd. India, h: Fl. pink. Kan. Bek- 

kina ajje balli, ^^ ^^'^'%. 

2 Pisonia, Linn. 

1 alba, Spanoghe. Andamans. Lettuce Tree. 

3 Mirabilis, Linn. 

1 Jalapa, Linn. Mexico. Marvel of Peru, n FL 
various, red, white, yellow and spotted. Kan. 
Vibhuti, (Nalkughante hu) gida. S^S (sjseji- 
^0^ j^ji p^ss. This showy herb has become a 
domestic weed in India. It is commonly 
known as the Fmr-O' clock Plant. 

4 Bougainvillea, Comm. 

1 spectabilis, Hook. S. Ameb. o FL yellow. 

Bracts violet-purple. 

2 „ var. glabra. Lindl. S. Amee. c Fl. yel- 
low. Bracts mauve. These climbers grow 
and flower very profusely at Bangalore. 

3 species a Fl, yellow. Bracts duU-red. 



Okdee XCV. 

AMARANTAGEyE 

THE AMARANTH FAMILY. 

A tropical Order of herbs including many species of 
" country greens," i.e. native vegetables. Leaves opposite 



BOTANICAL GABDEN, BANGALOEE. 153 

or alternate, exstipulate. Flowers small, scaiious, and 
closely packed in terminal spikes or panicles. Perianth 
persistent, often partly concealing the membranous one- 
seeded fruit. Stamens 1 — 5. Styles 1 — 3, Nos. 2, 5 and 
8 are good examples of the family. The indigenous 
shrub Deeringia celcsicides, has a berried fruit. 

1 Deeringia, E. Be. 

1 celosioides, K. Br. India, s F1. white. Berry 
red. 

2 Oelosia, Linn. 

1 argentea, Linn. Silver-spiked Cockscomb. Teop. 

Asia. © Fi. white. Kan. Anne soppu. «5^ 

2 cristata, Linn. Common Cockscomb. China. © 

Fl. various, usually red or yellow. 

3 polygonoides, Eetz. India. ® Fl. white. 

3 AUmania, Be. 

1 nodiflora, Br. India. © Fl. yellow. Kan. Budde 

soppu, 803^?5jS^^. 

4 Digera, Foesk. 

1 arvensis, Forsk. India. ® Fl. greenish-white. 

5 Amarantus, Linn. 

1 spinosus, ^Linn. India and Ceylon. © Fl. 

greenish-white. Kan. MuUu dantu. s^ao^s cJoWd. 

2 paniculatus, Linn. India. jCultd. © FI. various, 

red, yellow and whitish. 
„ var. speciosus. ® Fl. red. A hand- 
some garden form. 

3 caudatus, Linn. India. Oultd. Love-lies-bleeding. 

Prince's Feather. 

39 



154 CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 

4 gangeticus, Linn. Teop. Asia and India. 

Fl. white to red. Kan. Dantu Soppu. s^oto 

There are two well marked varieties, the or^e with 
pale stem and foliage, Bili dantu, ( ^. s^ciJo) and the ' 
other with reddish stem and foliage, Kempu dantu 

5 „ var. melanchplicus ruber. A coloured., 

garden form- 

6 „ var, tricolor. A variegated garden form. 

7 „ var. inamoenus. India.. © Kan. Harive 

soppu. '^o°5 i^js)^^. 

8 mangostanus, Linn. India and Ceylon. © Kan. 

Chilkarive soppu, aSs^ed ?3js)^. 

There are also two varieties of this, the Bili (white) 
and the Kempu (red.) 

9 viridis, Linn. India. © Fl. greenish-white. Kan. 

Dagli soppu. ^^j ^J®^^. (See Euxolus cau- 
datum, Moq.) 

10 Blitum var. oleraceus, Linn. India. Cultd. ® 

Fl. reddish. 

1 1 polygamus, Linn. India and Ceylon. ® 

1 2 salicifolius, Hort. © Variegated and willow- 

leaved. 

The varieties Henderi, and Princess of Wal(S, are 
cultivated in gardens, but I am at a loss where to place 
them in this vaguely defined genus. It is a remarkable 
fact that all the improved garden forms retrograde very 
rapidly in India ; and the intermediate forms which thus 
arise are most distracting. 

6 Pupalia, Juss. 

1 orbiculata, Wigbt. India- h 

2 atropurpurea, Moq. India, k Kan. Antu purul^ 

gida. «soto ^W his. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALOEE. 155 

7 ^rua, FoESK. 

1 javanica, Juss. India. A woolly under shi'ub. 

Fl. white. 

2 lanata, Juss. India and Ceylon, u. s. Fl. wMte. 

Kan. Bill hindi soppu. sSV Sooa ^jsi^^. 

3 Monsonia, Mart. India, u.s. Fl. rose. Kan. 

Majjige beru gida. ^^"^^ ^k^^ f\z^, 

8 Aciiyrantlius, Linn. 

1 ■ aspera, Linn. India, h or u. s. Kan. Uttarani 

gida. tfo^ospS r\S. 

2 „ -var. argentea- n Kan. Bili uttarani gida. 

83^ «n3^ raps f^ri. 

3 species? India. H jf aw. Akki harive soppu. 
The leaves are used as greens. 

9 Alternanthera, Foesk. 



1 sessilis, E. Br. India. © Kan. Honogon,e snppu. 

2 amab;le (?) Hort. AmEE. h These hprbs are exten- 

3 epathulata (? l r-^ f ^'^ f «^ a. edgings 

^ ^ ' to garden f allis. 



10 Gomplirena, Linn. 

1 globosa, Linn. Glohc Amaranth. India. © Fl. 

red. Kan. Kudrakshihii gida? '^-nsj^ ^js fsti. 

2 „ var. alba. © Fl. white. 

11 Iresine, WiLLD. 

1 Herbstii, Hook. Beazil. k 

2 „ var. (?)h ihlS^lrk- 

3 Lindenii, V. Houtte. Ecuadoe. h: tiuted foliage' 

4 acuminata, Hook. Beazil. h 



ogo 



156 catalogue of plants. 

Oedee XCVI. 

GHENOPODIACEyE. 

THE GOOSBFOOT FAMILY. 

Herbs on the sea-shore, in sah'ne tracts, and waste 
places in various parts of the world. Although nearly- 
allied in structure, the Gienopods differ inaterially in habit 
from the Amaranths. Their flowere are also less numer- 
ous, more regular, and never scarious or chaffy. 
Perianth inferior, of 3 — 5 segments. Stamens opposite to 
the latter and usually 5 in number. Anthers 2-celled. 
Ovary superior, 1 — celled and uniovulate. Stigmas 2 — 4. 
Fruit an utricle, often supported by an accrescent fleshy 
perianth. 

1 Ohenopodium, Linn. Goosefoot. 

1 album, Linn. India, h F1. whitish. Kan. Hutchu, 

sakotti soppu. ^x^ ?j=#j|_S^ ?5j5>^^, 

2 ambrosioides, Linn. India, h 

There are two varieties, one being red and the other 
white flowered. 

2 Beta, Linn. 

1 vulgaris, Linn. Beet. Eueope. h 

3 Spinacia, Linn. 

1 oleracea, Linn. Common spinach. Ababia. © Kan. 
.Basale soppu. ^'^^ rSjssg)^. 

4 Atriplex, Linn. 

1 hortensis. Linn. Orache. S. Eueope. h Kan. 
Sakotti (gida) soppu. '*=#J|.3, (^^ J^j®^^. 

We have a distinct variety with long narrow leaves, 
known in the local vernacular as i^ama SahoUi So^u ; 



BOTANICAIi aAEDEN, BANGALORE. 157 

and so called as the leaves bear some resemblance to the 
Hindu (sacred) mark on the forehead. 

2 repens, Eoth, India, u. s, 

3 nammularia, Lindl. Teop. Austealia. s The 

Salt Bmh. 

5 Basella, Linn. 

1 rubra, Linn. India and Ceylon. A succulent 
creeper with small red berries. Often cultd. 
as a pot-herb. Kam Bayi basali balli. mb<^ 

sorts £i^, 

There is a distinct variety -with white berries. 



Oedee XOVII. 

PHYTOLACCAGE/E. 

THE POKEWEED FAMILY. 

India possesses but one indigenous species of this 
small Order. The introduced plant, here entered, is typi- 
cal in structure. , 

1 Rivina, Plum. 

1 laevis, Linn. Teop. Amee. and W. Indies, s 
El. whitish. Berry bright red. 



Oedee XCVIII. 

POLYGQNACEyE. 

THE BUCKWHEAT FAMILY. 

Herbs, rarely shrubs, with alternate simple leaves, 
and conspicuous, ochreate, stipules. Flowers usually very 
smalj, -with articulations on the pedicels. Ferimth of 

40 



158 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

3 — 6 leaves, free or connate. Stamens 5 — 8. Ovary 
superior, X — celled, 1 — seeded ; and usually three 
cornered. 'Styles 1 — 3 with an equivalent number of 
stigmas. The family is mostly prevalent in temperate 
parts, of the world. The tank weed ' Niru ganagalu gida' 
- affords a good type. 

1 Polygonum, Linn. 

1 plebejum, Br. India", -k 

2 „ var. indicum. Mysore. © Kan. Sira- 
nige soppu. "ri^^^ ?5js^_^. 

3 glabrum Willd. Taop. Asia. Africa and 

Amer. F1. rose to white. Kan. Niru ganagalu 
gida. ?it^o riesriew T\ii, 

4 stagninum, Ham. India. © Kan. Kere bendu 

gida. ^^ zSosii P\jS. 

5 barbatum, linn. India and Trop. Asia, jei F1. 

white. 

6 flaccidum, Mei&sn. Indian swamps, n Fl. pink. 

7 chinense, Linn. India and China, s Fl. white. 

2 Fagopyrum, Gjertn. 

1 esculentum, Moench. Europe and Asia. 
Buckwheat. Fl. whitish. 

3 Rheum, Linn. 

1 Ehaponticum, Linn. Asia. Cultd. form, h 
Bhuhari. This herb does not succeed in 
local cultivation. 

4 Emex. 

1 australis. Australia. An established weed. Kan. 
A'ne neggilu gida. wS ^r\ za T\zs, 

5 Rumex. Linn. Doch. 

1 vesicarius, Linn. India and Trop. Asia. © 

Kan. Sukke soppu. ?*3=|. SjsaS^. 

2 species, h. 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALOEE. ' 159 

6 Coccoloba, Jacq. 

1 platyclada, F. Muell. E. Austr. s F1. cream. 

7 Antigonon, Endl. 

1 leptopus, Hook. S. Amke. c EI. pink to reddish 
pink, showy. 



Oedee XCIX. 

I\1EPEMTH*GE£. 

THE PITCHER FAMILY. 

A small Older of trailing or climbing, evergreen, 
nndershrubs with alternate leaves and small dioecious 
flowerB. The pitcher-like appendages to the midrib are 
strikingly characteristic of the family, which is limited to 
about 30 species of one genus. They are mostly found 
in the Malay Islands, and Trop. North Austraha. 

1 Nepenthes, Linn. Pitcher Plant. 

1 Eatflesiana, Jack. Singapore, c 

2 phyllamphora, Willd. Singapore, a 



Oedee C. 

ARISTOLOGHIACE/E. 

THE BIKTHWORT FAMILY. 

A tropical Order ol herbs and shrubs, often climb- 
ing. Leaves alternate, entire or lobed, exstipulate. Peri- 
anth regular or irregular. In the genus AristolocMa 
very remarkable. Stamens 6, forming a compact ring at 
the base of the style. Ovary. 4— 6— celled with numer- 
ous seeds. Fruit capsular and berried. 



160 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

1 Aristolocliia, Linn. 

1 bracteata, Eetz. India and Ceylon, k F1. 

purple. 

2 indica, Linn. Indian Bitthwort. <=> Fl. greenish- 

brown. Kan. I'swari beru. ^?^e?s3?do. 

3 Bonplandii, Tenor. America, a Fl. large!, foetid, 

and greyish-purple. 

4 ridicula, Bull. Brazil, a Fl. cream and purple. 

5 elegans, Ball. Brazil, c Fl. purple with 

creamy articulations. 



Order CI. 

PiPERAGE/E- 

THE PEPPER FAMILY. 

An Order of herbs and shrubs mostly confined to 
tropical America. But Piper Betle, the so— called 
betel-leaf, is more universally known than any plant in 
India. IN'ote the climbing habit, jointed stem, and aerial 
roots of many species. Also the small achlamydeous 
flowers closely packed in catkin-like spikes. Stamens 
2— 8, filaments jointed. Ovary one— celledi, and usually 
one — ovuled. Fruit a one-seeded berry or coccus. 

1 Piper, Linn. 

1 longum, Linn. India. Caltd. c n Long Pepper. 

Kan. Hippah balli. 2o3*jO w"?^. 

2 Chaba, Hunter. India. Cultd. c 

3 Betle, Linn. India. Cultd. a Indian Betel Leaf. 

Kan. Yilyadele balh. ^V^^iS^ sOV^. 

4 nigrum, Linn. India and Ceylon, a Black 

Fepper. Also White Pepper, according to 
the preparation. Kan. Menasu balli. sSojwto 



BOTANICAL GAEDBN, BANGALOEB, 161 

5 sylvestre, Lamk. India, c 

6 species, India, c ir 

2 Peperomia, Euez. and Pa v. 

1 argyrea, Hort. S. Amer. h: -. 

2 „ var. arifolia. h: [^ Foliage pretty. 

3 eburnea^ Brazil, s: J 

4 species. Green-leaved succulent herb. 



Ordek Oil. 

M*RIST1]E/E. 

THE NUTMEG FAMILY. 

Tropical evergreen trees with alternate, entire, ex- 
titipulate leaves ; and small, regular, dioecious flowers. 
Perianth 3 — ^leaved and valvate in bud. Anthers S or 
more, 2 — celled. Fruit fleshy, but ultimately dehiscent 
find 2 — 4 valved. Dissect the nutmeg-plant of gardens. 

1 Myfistica, Linn. 

1 fragrans, Houtt. Eastben Moluccas. Nutmeg 

Tr6e. Fl. pale yellow. Kan. Jajikayi mara. 

2 magnifica, Bedd. India. A handsome Malnad 

tree. Kan. Eamanadike mara. DS5i3nJa=# sSatf. 

3 longifolia, Wall. Nosth India, -r 



Oedee pIII- 

LAURACE/E 

THE LAUEBL FAMILY. 

An aromatic Order of trees and shrubs mostly coa- 
finedtowarw parts of the world. Leaves alternate, 

41 



162 CATALOGTTE 01" PLAKTS. 

entire, exstipulate ; often gland-dotted and -mostly ever- 
green. The special morphology of the family is found 
in the peculiar arrangement of the stamens, (anthers 
especially) and staminodes. Ovm y superior, sessile,, and 
1, — celled. Ovule solitary, suspended from the top of the 
cell. Fruit usually on a thickened peduiicle, indehiscent.1 
Note that the genera Cassytha (Filiform twining para- 
sites) and Uernandia (Evergreen trees) form distinct 
tribes of the Order. 

1 Cinnamomum, Blumb. 

1 zejlanicum, Breyn. Cinnamon. Ceylon, t FI. 

creamy-white. Kan. Lavangapatte mara, 

2 species (?) India, a? Kan. Yellaga mara. ^^ 

2 Machilus, Nees, 

1 macramtha, Nees. S. India, t F1. whitish, f 
Kan. Chittu tandri mara. aSWOjSspa) sSicf. ^ j 

3 Alseodaphue, Nees. 

1 '^semecarpifolia, Nees, S. India, t 

4 Litssea, Lake:. 

1 species (?) A small tree in the Eeadenoy Park. ' 

5 Persea, Gjertn. 

1 gratissima, Gsertn. Alligator Pear, Trop. 
Ambe. t Fl. cream. 

6 Hernandiai Linn. 

1 bivalvi^, Benth.:E, AtJSTB. t 

2 Bonora, Linn. Ameb. t 



BOTANICAL GASDElf, BANGALDBE. 163 

Obdee civ. 

PROTEACE£ 

THE PROTEA FAMILY. 

An Order of trees and shrubs chiefly confined to the 
Southern Hemisphere. Abundant in Austraha and South 
Africa. Lt aves alternate or whorled, often toothed or 
pinnatisect ; exStipulate, usually hard, rigid, and dry. 
Flower hermaphrodite. Perianth regular or irregular, 4- 
leaved, inferior. Stamens 4, inserted on the perianth. 
Stamioodes or glands 4, hypogynous. Ovary oblique, 
1— celled. Ovules definite or indefinite. Fruit capsular or 
otherwise. The so-called "Silver oak," Grevillea rohusta, 
which is rapidly being established in Southern India, is a 
fair type of the family. 

1 Helicia, LotjR. 

1 robusta, Wall. India and Java. ■¥ 

2 Macadamia, F. Muell. 

1 ternifolia, F. Muell. N. Austr. * Aiistralian 
Nut Tree. 

3 Grevillea, E. Bb. 

1 Forsterii (?) 

2 'tobil^ta, Cunn, E. AtrsTR. -v 'Silver Oak. 'Fl. 

orange-yellow aud scarlet.. 

4 Hakea, Schbad. 

1 ileiicpptera, E. Br, Austr. a 

2 laurifolia (?); Austr. s 

3 species. Austr. s 



164 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

Obdee, CV. 

EL£A6NAGE£ 

THE OLEASTER FAMILY. 

A small Order of shrubs and trees. Leaves alternate, 
rardy opposite, entire, exstipulate, and usually covered 
with silvery scurf-scales. Flowers regular, in axillary 
cymes or clusters ; white or pale-yellow. Note the one- 
seeded Iruit usually enclosed in the enlarged tube qf the 
perianth. 

■ r - 

1 Eleeagnus, Linn. ^ 

1 hortensis, M. Bieb. Eubopb. and Asians t| 

El. yellow. 

2 latifoha, Linn. India, and Cetlon. c s Fl. 

pale-yellow. Kan. Hejjalada mara. ^«|, 



Obdee CVI. 

LORANTHACE£ 

THE MISTLETOE FAMILY. , 

A large Qrder of evergreen, parasitic, shrubs. The. 
tropical genus Loranthus counts about 60 Indian species. 
The position of these, clinging to trees and shrubs, at 
once marks their character. They have also showy tubular? 
flowers, in red, yellow, and green colours. Fruit a 1 — 
seeded berry. The old mango trees in Mysore are muchj 
infested by the species entered in this collection. 

1 Loranthus, Linn. 

1 longiflorusj Desrouss. India, p. s, Fl. pale-red; 

yellow and green. Kan. Badanjke. aicSS*. ^ 

2 „ var. bicolor. India, p. s. Fl. red and wMtel 

Kan. Sigare badanike. r^^d iixS^'§, i 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANaALOEB, 165 

' 3 species. India, p. s. H. orange-yellow tipped 

green. 
4 species. India, p. s. F1. small, pale yellow. 

Order CVII. 

SANTALACE/E. 

THE SANDALWOOD EAMILY. 

Herbs, shrubs and trees. Some of the former are pa- 
rasitical and so nearly allied to the Loranthacese that 
a careful study of the interior ovary is essential to decide 
the classification. The sandal tree, Santalum album, 
affords a yearly revenue to the Mysore State of about 
eight lakhs of rupees £80,000. 

1 Santalum, Linn. 

1 album, Linn. Sandalwood Tree. India. (Mysore) 
M. straw to dull crimson. Kan. Srigandha 
mara. Sj^rto^ sSjrf. The most valuable tree 
in the Mysore country. 



Order CVIII. 

EUPHORBIACEyE 

THE SPUEGE FAMILY. 

A large Order of tropical herbs, shrubs and trees, 
usually containing a milky juice. Leaves simple, very rarely 
divided, petiolate, and generally alternate or scattered. 
Flowers small, unisexual, (monoecious or dioecious) . ach- 
lamydeous, or more commonly with 1 — 2 floral envelopes. 
Perianth inferior, occasionally double and sometimes 
wanting. Stamens various, but often 1 — 3, anthers 2 — 
celled. Ovary superior, generally 3 — celled with 1 — 2 
pendulous ovules in each cell. Fmf capsular and dru- 

42 



166 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

paceous. Nos. 1, 4, 10, ,13 and 20 are extreme types of 
this important but somewhat anomalous family. 

1 Euphorbia, Linn. Spurge. 

1 Bojeri, Hook. Madagasoab. s Densely prickly 

Uracts scarlet. 

2 Tirucalli, Linn. Milk-hedge. India and Africa. 

T Kan. Kalli mara. =5*?, sSod. Fl. yellowish- 
green. 

3 hypericifolia, Linn. Indu and cbylon. © Fl. 

pinkish-white. 

4 pilulifera, Linn. India and Australia. © BdbUt 

Weed, or Asthma Plant. Kan. Atche soppu, 
and Nene akki soppu. esf, (SS^e*.) ^ji^_^. 

5 thymifolia, Burm. India, in moist tank-beds. 

6 neriifolia, Linn. India. A succulent shrub or 

small tree. Involucre yellow. 

7 antiquorum, Linn. India and Ceylon. A large 

succulent shrub commonly used for fencing, 
Kan. Bonte kalli mara. s3js)o^^"|, s^id. 

8 trigona, Haworth. India. A succulent shrub, 

smaller in all its parts than the foregoing 
species, and rnore leafy. 

9 helioscopia, Linn. Northern India and 

Europe, AnnuaV succulent. 
10 species, A slender weed of cultiTation. 

2 Buxus, Linn. 

1 sempervirens, Linn. Box. Europe; s Thrives 
• indifferently at Bangalore. 

3 Bridelia, Willd. 

1 retusa, Spreng. India, t Kan. Ghirige mara. 

4 Phyllanthus, Linn. 

1 reticulatus, Poir. India, s 



BOTANICAL GABDEN, BANGALOEE. 167 

2 Emblica, Linn. Teop. India and Ceylon. Awla 

Tree. Fl. yellow. Kan. Nelli mara. <5e siitf 
Often spoken of in India as the gooseberry 
tree. 

3 maderaspatensis (?) Linn. India, h F1. green- 

ish-white 

4 urinaria, Linn. India and Cetlon. © 

5 simplex, Eetz. India and China. © 

6 Niruri, Linn. Trop. India, © Kan. Kirunelli 

gida. *ti3c30 T^, An abundant weed. 

7 species. Near to the above. Perhaps a variety. 

^an. Akki soppu. e*. ?3ja^. 

8 distichus, Muell. India. Cultd. Madagascar, 

Star Gooseberry Tree. Fl, (See Cicca disticha, 
Linn.) Kan. Kirunelli mara. ti^iSe sSod. 

5 GlocMdion, Foest. 

1 zeylanicum, A. Juss. India and Malax 
Islands, t 

6 Flueggia, Willd. 

1 microcarpa, Blume. India and China, t 

7 Breynia, Foest. 

1 rhamnoides, Muell. Teop. India, Ceylon^ 
AND China, s or t Kan. Bili suli gida. OT 
TijsC ?\zs, Note also the varieties called Kari, 
and Anna suli gida. 

8 Putranjiva, Wall. 

1 Eoxburghiij Wall. India, t Fl. yellowish. 

9 Antidesma, Linn. 

1 Ghsesenjbilla, Gaertn. India and China. 
A small evergreen tree. 
Fruit in racemed clusterSj and like miniature apple?, i in, 



168 CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 

10 Jatropha, Linn. 

1 glandulifera, Eoxb. India and Teop. Africa. 

s Fl. reddish-purple. Kan. Kari turuka 
baralu gida. =^0 ^x5=^ s^dv'anrs. Foliage green- 
ish purple to bronze. 

2 gossypifolia, Linn. Brazil, s i\ purplish red. 

3 multifida, Linn. S. Amee. Cord Shrub. El. 

scarlet. 

4 pandursefolia, Andr. Cuba, s Fl. scarlet. 

5 podagrica, Hook. S. Amek. Succulent shrub. 

Fl. scarlet. 

6 curcas, Linn. India, cultd. S Amee. s or i- 

Physic or Purging Nut. Fl. yellowish green. 
Kan. Turuka or Kadu haralu gida. ^^00=3' 

7 species. A small shrub. 

11 Manihot, Pohl. 

1 Glaziovii. The Gear a Mubber. S. .Amee. s Fl. 

mottled. 

2 utilissima, Pohl. S. Amee. Tapioca and Sitter 

Cassava. ^ Fl. Kan. Kadu, or mara, genasu 
gadde. '^^'^ (sSad^ jlessSjrtsi . 

. 12 Aleurites, Foest. 

1 moluccana, Willd. Pacific Islands. India, cultd. 
Selgaum Walnut Tree. Fl. white. 

13 Croton; Linn. 

1 Tigliura, Linn. India and China. Small tree. 
Crdon Oil Plant. Fl. greenish-yellow. Kan. 
Japalada gida. sss'^av'jS risl. 

T^ote — A list of the numerous varieties cultivat- 
ed under this generic name (but properly under the 
genus Codiceum) ■will be found at the end of the Cata- 
logue. These plants have made their appearance in local 
gardens within the past fifteen years. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALORE. 169 

14 Givotia, Geiff. 

1 rottleriformis. Griff. India and Ceylon, t 

15 Codiseum, Juss. 

1 variegatum, Blurae. India., cultd. Molucca 
Islands, t 

The so-called " garden crotons" originate mostly 
from this shrub, of which they are so many varieties. 

16 Chrozopliora, Neck. 

1 plicata, A Juss. India, s: On the margins of 
tanks. The Cprostrata of Dalzell. 

17 Acalypha, Linn. 

1 indica, Linn. Cupamani. (Tam.) India. © Eati. 
Euppi gida. *2Sj^ ^^. A native emetic. 
* 2 fallax, MueU. India and Ceylon. © 

3 eremorum, MueU. Australia, s 

4 „ var. glabrata. s (See tricolor, Hprt.) 
6 ,marginata, Spr. S. S. Islands, s 

6 macrophylla. IVom Calcutta. 

7 speciies. Shrub with bronze, a;cuminate, twisted 

leaves. 

18 Trewia, Linn. 

1 nudiflora, Linn. Kaf^Kupibla Mara. ===533 *ooai 
v'sSotf. India, t Male flowers in pale yellow 
catkins. 

19 Mallotus, Lour. 

1 phiUppinensis, MueU. India and Burma. Kama- 
h Bye Tree. Fl. rusty. Kan. Kunkumada 
mara. 's'^o'^i'^JzS sJatf, 

20 Bicinus, Linn. 

1 communis, Linn. Castor-oil Plant. India. © 
Km. Haralu gida.^^JVJ a?*. 

43 



170 CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 

2 communis, variety. ©, Smaller than the 
above. Kan. Chittu haralu gida. a^Woj j^dvb f^t?-. 

21 Gelonium, Roxb. . 

1 lanceolatum, Willd. India, t l^jTale Fi. cxe&mf^ 
white. A pretty tree of conical form, 

22 Tragia, Linn. 

1 involucrata, Linn. India, c h: With stinging 
hairs. 

23 DaleGhampia, Plum. 

1 Roezliana rosea, A Muell. Mexico, s 

24 Sapium, P. Bb. 

1 sebiferum, Roxb. China. Tallow Tree. 

2 discolor, MueU. China and Malacca, s (Syn 

Exccecaria discolor.) 

25 Exccecaria, Linn. 

1 robusta, Hook. India. (Coorg) t 

26 BalogMa, Endl. 

1 lucida, Endl. Noeeolk Isld. and E. Aust. i 

27 Poinsettia, Geaham. 

1 pulcherrima, Graham. Mexico, s Bracts scar-j 

let. 

2 „ var. alba, a Bracts white. 

28 Hura, Linn, 

1 fcrepitans, Linn. Sand-hox Tree. S. Amek, 

89 Anda, 

1 Gomesii, Beazil. t Fruit a very large nut, Fl. 
white. 



BOTANICAL GABDEN, BANGALOEE. 171 

30 Hevea, Mdell. 

1 brasiliensis, Maell. Beazil. t Fara Bubher. 

2 spruceana, Muell. Beitish auiANA- t This also 

affords Para rubber. 

31 Xylophylla, Linn. 

1 augustifolia, Willd ? Jamaica. A rigid shrub 
with phjUodinous leaves. 

32 Pedilanthus, Neck. 

1 tithymaloides, Poit. West Indies. Naturalised 

in India, s Involucre scarlet and slipper- 
shaped. 

2 „ var. variegata. s 

33 Synadenium. 

1 Grantii. A perennial succulent attaining 12 — 
15 feet. The venation of the leaf is reddish 
in colour and very beautiful. Introduced. 



Oedeb CIX. 

URTICE£. 

THE NETTLE AND FIG FAMILY. 

An extensive Order of chiefly tropical herbs, shrubs, 
and trees. But the species differ, so considerably in 
general architiecture, and form of inflorescence, that some 
botanists prefer to treat the , group as two or 
more distinct families. Example- Canndbineee, (the hemps) 
More<B, (the mulberries and figs) Artocmpeoe^ (the 
breadfruit and Jack) and UrUceee, the nettles pro- 
per. It is necessary therefore to examine types 



172 CATALOGUE OK PLANTS. 

selected from the several tribes which otherwise substi- 
tute this important Order, and although it is admitted 
that extreme forms might well represent distinct families, 
still it is more natural and convenient to treat them as 
one. Fig trees are abundant throughout Mysore, and it 
is often remarked by the people that they have no flowers. 
This mistake arises from the latter being concealed with- 
in the fleshy receptacle, which is popularly known from 
the beginning as the fruit. A young fig is therefore the 
receptacle of the inflorescence. Leaves stipulate, and 
mostly alternate. Flowers minute, monoecious or diceciotiff. 
Stamens equal to the perianth lobes and opposite to 
them. Ova/ry 1~, celled and 1— ovuled. Examine 
species of Nos. 4, 7, 9 10 and 11. 

1 Celtis, Linn. 

1 Wightii, Planch. India, t Kan. Bendu mara. 

2 Trema Loue. 

1 orientalis, Blume. India, t Charcoal Tree. Kan. 
Gorklu mara. ?^j8?5^3 sSotf. 

CO 

3 Humulus, Linn. 

1 lupulus, Linn, N. Amer. The Hop. c 

4 Cannibis, Touenef. 

1 sativa, Linn. Hemp. Teop. Asl&. © Kan. Bangi 
soppu gida. sOofN rfj®^ f\jS. 
Cultivation prohibited in Mysore. , 

5 Streblus, Loub. 

1 asper, Lpur. Indu and China, s t Kan. Mitli 
mara. ti^tiv^. The Siam " Toii-khoi " froBa 
which paper is manufactured. 



BOTANICAL GAEDEBT, BANGALOEE. 173 

6 Broussonetia, Vent. 

1 papyrifera, Vent- China and Japan, t F1. dul 
yellow. Paper Mulberry. 

1 Morus, Linn. 

1 alba, Linn. T7^»7elfj«?&errt/. Asia. i-J'rai.t white 

or red, cultd. 

2 indica, Linn. Indian Mulberry, t or s Silhvtrm 

Mulberry. Fruit red. Kan. Resbme or kambali 
gida. t\^^(^o^^) r\ti, 

S atropurpurea, Roxb. China, -v Fruit dark- 
purple and very long. 

4 nigra, Linn. Eueope. JBlack Mulberry, t 

5 laevigata, Wall. India, t Fruit yellowish -white, 

insipid, and long-cylindric. 

8 Dorstenia, Linn. 

1 brasiliensis, Linn. Teop. Amee. h: Affords the 
' Cmtrayerva Boot' of shops. 

9 Ficus, Linn. Ftg Tree. 

1 gibbosa var. parasitica, Koen. India, t Kan. 

Godu mitli mara. T^JsiSa t>^ slic!. 

2 bengalensis, Linn. India. The Banyan, t Fruit 

sessile, in pairs, large and reddida. Kan. 
A'lada mara. ^^ ^^^. 

3 mysorensis, Heyne. India, t Fruit sessile, in 

pairs, large, orange to orange-red. Kan. Goni 
mara. ^isi sSotf. 

This is the largest species in the Mysore country. 
It is not unusual to find specimens with trunk 30 feet in 
circumference, and head diameter 140 feet. 

U 



174 CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 

4 tomentosa, Eoxb. India and Ceylon, t Fruit 

,in sessile pairs, rusty-grey ; medium sized. 
Kan. Kallalada mara. 's'SJieJtf s^^rf. 

5 indica, linn. India, t Eruit in crowded sessile 

pairs, yellowish red ; medium sized. Kan. 
A'la mara. «5ej siocf. This is also called the 
' Banyan ' by English denizetis. 

6 Benjaraina, Linn. Java, Sumatka. t Fruit in 

scattered sessile pairs, rusty-red ; the size of 
a large pea. A graceful evergreen tree 
cultivated in India for scenic effect. Com- 
monly known as the Java Fig. 

7 „ var. comosa, Kurz. Timor. Sltviatra. t 
This only resembles Benjamina in leaf, and 
I certainly think it should be maintained as 
a distinct species. Fruit in scattered sessile 
pairs, the size of a cherry, rich orange. 

8 elastica, Roxb. Noeth India and Buema. t 

India Bubber Tree. -Fruit in sessile pairs, 
small, oblong, pale yellow. 

9 retusa, Linn. India and China, t Fruit in ses- 

sile pairs, small, dull yellow to red. Kan. 
Pilalada mara. ixavU sioti. 

JO „ ■ var. nitida, Thunb. India. Only differing 
from the above in form of leaf and quantity,' 
of aerial roots. '' 

11 religiosa, Linn. India and Cbtlon. x Tkg 

Sacred Peepul. Fruit in sessile pairs, the size 
of a large pea, reddish-purple. Kan. Arali, 
ragi, or aswatha mara. «s'^ (a8?\j *5Sj^) ^^'^■ 

1 2 Tsiela, Roxb. India and Ceylon, t Fruit ses- 

sile, crowded, globose, medium sized and 
purplish. Kan. Bill basuri mara. «sv sirJse »iitf. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, tiANGALORB. 175 

13 infectoria, Eoxb. India and Ceylon, t Fruit 

in sessile pairs, the size of a large pea, 
changing from greenish-white to red. Kan. 
Kari basuri mara. =5=0 sorfoa s^ori. 

14 heterophylla, Linn. India and Ceylon, c 

Fruit large, solitary and pear-shaped. This 
includes F. repens, Willd. and F. scahrella, 
Eoxb. 

15 asperrima, Eoxb. India and Ceylon, t Sand- 

paper Tyee. The leaves are used to burnish 
steel. Fruit stalked, large, yellow to purple. 
Kan. Gargatti mara. ^^5d^^^- 

16 hispida, Linn. India, t Fruit mostly on the 

trunk, stalked, turbinate or obovoid ; yel- 
lowish. Kan. Kadatti mara. ^^zis^sfatf. 

17 Eoxburghii, Wall. Northern India, t Leaves 

very large, nearly orbicular. Fruit large, 
turbinate, crowded at the base of the trunk ; 
russet-brown. 

18 glomerata, Eoxb, India and Ceylon, t Known 

as the " Country Fig. Fruit large, crowded 
on the trunk and main limbs, much eaten 
by swine and cattle. Kan. Afti mara. is^^xS, 

19 saemocarpa? Miq. India, s Fruit large, sub- 

globose. Kan. Kabbasuri mara ? "^^^^o ^^^ ? 

20 macrophylla, Desf. East. Aust. t Moreton 

Bay Fig. Fruit in axillary pairs, stalked, 
large, ovoid, purple with orange spots. In 
fohage this tree is not unlike F. elastica. 

21 Cunninghami, Miq. Queensland, t Fruit not 

seen. 

22 carica, linn- Exjeope. The Edible Fig. s or 

T Kan. Anjur gida, e5oaj»5 fsTi, 

23 species. A large umbrella-shaped tree found 

among rockB. Leaves oblong, rather small, 



176 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

covered on the underside by tawny toraen- 
tum, Fruit small, round and sessile. Kan. 
Kallatti mara. '^V,^^^^. 

24 species. A large tree somewhat resembling T. 

religiosa. Kan. Gilke mara. f^^5;:iotf. 

25 species. A large tree. Kankanhalli jungle. 

Kan. Seluvarada mara. S?Vossds sSjd. 

10 Artocarpus, Linn. 

1 incisa, Linn. Breadfruit Tree. Pacific Islands. 

2 integrifolia, Linn. Jacli Tree. India. Kan. Hala- 

sina mara. ^wri?S djrf. 

3 hirsuta, Laml<. India, t Kan. Heb. halasina 
mara. ^"«^ ^ejfo?i siod. 

4 Cannoni. A. tree with copper-coloured leaves. 

Recently introduced. Fruit a small purple 
fig- 

11 Urtica, Linn. 

1 parviflora, Roxb. India. Vilgiri Settle, h Kan. 
A'ne gajje gida ? tsfS rizS Pizs ? 

12 Fleurya, Gaud. 

1 interrupta, Gaud. India. © Stinging. Kan. 
Churachurakana gida ? E^s'SsSitS'^sS hss ? 

13 G-irardinia, Gaud. 

1 heterophylla, Dene. India, h Stinging. 

2 „ palmata., Nilgieis. Stinging. 

14 Pilea, Lindl.. 

1 Gardneri. Brazil, h The Gimpmekr or Cannon 
Plant. This appears to be a larger form of 
P WMScosa, Lindl. 



BOTANICAL GAEBEN, BANGALOEE. 177 

15 Boelinieria, Jacq. 

1 nivea, Hook. Malay Islds, China and Japan. 

BJiea Fibre or Gt ass-doth Plant, s 

2 malabarica, Wedd. Northeen ano Wes-bbkn 

India, s 

3 platyphylla, Don. Alpine India, s 

16 Pouzolzia, Gaud. 

1 pentandra ? Benn. India. © 

17 Debregeasia, Gaud. 

1 velutina, Gaud. Hills op India, s Fruit cluster- 
ed, orange- yellow. (See Conocephalus niveus, 
Wight.) 

Oeder .ex. 

PLATAMACE/E. 

THE PLANE-TREE FAMILY. 

This European Order of deciduous trees is represent- 
ed in the north of India (North-Western Himalaya) by 
the Oriental Plane. But the latter is not truly indigen- 
ous to this country. 

1 Platanus, Linn. 

1 orientalis, Linn. Levant, t The Oriental 
Plane. 



Oedee CXI. 

CASUARINEyE. 

THE TINIAN PINE FAMILY. 

A small Order of leafless trees and shrubs. Mostly 
Australian, but also scattered in the Malay and Pacific 

45 



178 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

Islands, The introduced Casuarina equisetifoUa, Forst, 
i«; extensively cultivated in Mysore, and other parts of 
India, as a remunerative fuel-tree. It is a graceful pine- 
like tree, and the mournful soughing of its fluted branch- 
lets is a familiar sound to those who frequent its groves. 
The proper lea'ves are reduced to mere scales at the tips 
of the branchlets. Flowers unisexual, monoecious, and 
dull red- In a country where there are no pines, the 
scenic effect of this genus is remarkable. 

1 Casuarina, Linn. 

1 equiaetifolia, Forst. Chittagong, southward to 

Malay Isds, and Australia. The Tinian 
Pine, and Beefwood Tree. Kan. Kesarike 
mara. "s^^^SOt? •^•^'3. 

2 Decaisneana, F.V.Mueller. Centeal Auste. t 

3 glauca, Sieber.* Australia. The Desert She-oak. 

4 torulosa, Aiton. South- East Australia, t 

5 tephrosperma, Miq. Australia, t 

6 suberosa, Willd, She-oak. South East Austea- 

LI A. 

7 quadrivalvis, Labill. S. E. Austealla. t 



Obdek CXII, 

GUPULIFER/E. 

THE OAK FAMILY. 

An Order of trees and shrubs mostly confined to 
the nortliern hemisphere, Indian species are somewhat 
abundant in the Himalaya but do not occur on the plains. 
The specimen in the garden is a stunted tree of 8 — 10 
feet. It is unproductive of flowers and fruit. 

1 Quercus, Linn. The Oak 

1 species. A small tree. Introduced. 



botanical gabden, bangaloue, 179 

Oedee CZIII. 

SAL'CACE^- 

THE WILLOW FAMILY. 

This Order includes but two genera, Salix and 
iToptdus. But these comprise many species of cold- 
country trees and shtubs. Leaves simple, alternate, 
deciduous. Flowers in dioecious catkins. 

1 Salix, Linn. 

1 tetrasperma, Eoxb. Indian Willow. India, t 

n, yellow. Kan. Niravanji mara. JicSs^osS =sotS. 

2 babylonica, Linn. Weeping Wilhu). Asia, t Fl. 

pale yellow. 

Oedee CXIV. 

CERATOPHYLLE/E- 

An aquatic family of one species. A tank weed of 
variable character, 

1 Ceratophyllum, Linn. 

1 demersum, Linn. -a. h All temp- and thop, 

COUNTBIES. ' 



180 CATALOGXJfi OF PLANTS. 



CLASS II.-GYMNOSPERMJE. 



Okdee CXV. 

CONIFERyE- 

THE PINE FAMILY. 

A large Order of trees and shrubs abundantly pre- 
duced in the temperate and cold latitudes of the north- 
ern hemisphere. The tribe Arancariem is mostly confin- 
ed to the southern hemisphere, viz., AustraUa, New- 
Zealand and South America. Leaves small, rigid, needle- 
hke or broadly subulate. Flowers unisexual, in catkins 
or cones, according to sex. The family is divided into 
six or more, well-defined tribes. Woods of Casuarina 
equisetifolia bear a striking resemblance to the pine 
forests of northern regions, and in this respect are grateful 
to European denizens. I'he rapid spread of this tree,, 
in some localities, will greatly improve the landscape 
features of the plains. 

1 Cupressus, Linn. Cypress Tree. 

1 torulosa, Don, Westben Himalaya, t The 

Nepavl Cypress. 

2 sempervirens, Linn. Eue^pe and Asia Minoe. 

T The Upright Cypress. 

3 Funebris, Endl. China, t Branches horizontal, 

branchlets weeping. 

4 lusitanica, Mill. India, qultd. t The Goa Cy- 

press. 

5 Lawsoniana, Murray- Noetbeen Califob- 

NIA. T 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANaALOEE. 181 

6 iriacrocarpa, Hartweg ^ The Californian, 

Cypress. 

7 species, t Introduced from Etjeope. 

2 Juniperus, Linn. 

1 chinensis, Linn. Chinese Juniper, t 

3 Podocarpus, L'Heeit. 

1 chinensis, Wall- China, t 

2 latifolia, Wail. India, t This appears to be the 

only species that affects the south-western 
Peninsula. 

4 Dammai'a, Eumph. 

1 robusta, C. Moore. E. Auste. t The Queens- 

land Kauri. 

2 australis, Lamb. New Zealand Pine. Also, 

Kauri Pine. A striKng conical tree. 

5 Pinus, Du. Eoi. 

1 longifolia, Eoxb. The Cheer Pine- Himalaya, t 

2 excelsa, Wall. Temp. Himalaya, t 

6 Frenela, Mm^. 

1 Gunnii, Endl. Tasmanian Pine, t 

2 columellaris, F. Muell. Auste. t 

7 Araucaria, Heuk and Hochst 

1 Oookii, K Br. Caledonian Pine. 

N. Caledonia, t Strikingly hand-, 

2 Bidwillii, Hook. Bunya Bunya. ^°"^ tiees for 

■ ■ o ^ ■^•.■^Y ..... T,^ -r, No, 2, is the 

ii 3 Cunmnghamu, Ait. Mortem Bay best. 

Pine. E. Auste. ■!■ 

4 species. Auste. t 

8 Abies, Juss. 

1 excelsa, D.C. Norway Spruce, t 

2 Douglasii, Lindl. N. Ameeica. t 

46 



182 CATALOGUE OP PLANTS, 

9 Wellingtonia, Likdl. 

1 gigantea, Lindl. California. The Mammoth Tree: 
(See Sequoia gi§antea, Torrey.) 

10 Oryptomeria, Don. 

1 Japonica, Thunb. Japan and China, t 

11 Thuja, TOXJENEF. 

1 orientalis. Linn. Arbor Vit<^. China, t 

12 Retinospara, Zuco. 

1 plumosa. T 

2 Standishii. t 

3 lycopodioides t 



Obdee CXVI. 

GYGADACE£ 

THE CYCAS FAMILY. 

A small tropical family of shrubs, or unbranched 
miniature trees The simple scaly trunk, surmounted by 
a horizontal crown of frond-hke (pinnate) leaves, makes 
the Order conspicuous. In popular opinion the various 
species are viewed as palms or tree-ferns, but it should 
be noted by the student that they are neither one nor the 
other, but true gymnosperms. 

1 Cycas, Linn. 

1 revoluta, Thunb. Japan, s 

2 circinahs, Linn. India, s or small tree, Kan. 

Goddu ichalu raara. j^JszS^ ^^tn sSod. 

3 Rumphii, Miq. s or small tree. 

4 Beddomei, Dyer. Easteen ghauts, s 

5 species ? Like circinalis .but longer in leaf, and 

deciduous. 

2 Macrozamia, Miq. 

1 ceylindrica. s 

3 Encephalartus, Lehm. 

1 species from Calcutta. ^ 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANaALOEB. 183 

CLASS III MONOCOTYLEDONS, 

Oedee CXVII. 

HYDROCHARIDE£. 

THE FROGBIT FAMILY. 

Aquatic herbs, mostly in fresh water. Often en- 
.tirely submerged. Leaves undivided. Flowers unisexual, 
spathaceouB and regular. Perianth leaves 3—6. Ovary 
inferior. Fruit mostly indebiscent. Seeds numerous. 
The plants named in this list are plentiful in the Ulsur^ 
tank. 

1 Hydrilla, Eiohaed. 

1 verticillata, Casp. Common in tanks, a k 

2 Lagarosiphon, Haee. 

1 Koxburghii, Benth. India. ^ h 

3 Vallisneria, Linn. 

1 spirahs, Linn. India. S. Etjeopb and Amee. 

4 Blyxa, Thouaes. 

1 Roxburghii ? Eich. Indian tanks. © ^ 

5 Ottelia, Pees. 

1 alismoides, Pers. India and Ceylon, h Fl. 
white. 



Okdee CXVIII. 

ORGHIDEyE. 

THE OECHID FAMILY. 

An Order of herbs (epiphytal ajld terrestrial) com- 
prising upwards of 5,000 gpecies. The epiphytal class 



184 CATALOGUE Or PLANTS. 

abounds in tropical and sub-tropical parts, of the world, 
, •while ' ground orchids' are more abundant in temperate 
regions. The diagnostic characters of the family are 
marked by tubers, or, in the case of aerial orchids, 
pseudobulbs, very handsome irregular flowers, gynan- 
drous stamens, and an inferior ovary. But for closer 
observation the student must obtain a key to the Tribes 
and numerous sub-tribes of this enormous family. Orchids 
abound largely in the hill tracts of India and Burn)ah, 
■where many fine species are easily procured. There culti- 
ation tinder glass hasi proved so successful that, in Europe,^' 
they are now the most fashionable flowers of the day. The 
genus Vanilla affords an aromatic fruit which commands 
a high market value. It may be, seen in local gardens, 
as also the operation of fertilising its flowers, which is 
necessary to produce the fruit. 

1 Dendrobium, Swaetz. Epwhyfic Herbs. 



1 barbatulum, Lindl. Western Ghauts. H. 

small, white. 

2 formosum, Roxb. Teop. Himalaya. Buemah- 

Fl. large, white with golden disk. 

3 draconis, Eeichb. Buemah. PL ivory-white, 

disk reddish. 

4 albo-sanguineum, Lindl. Buema. Fl. 'large, 

creamy-white with red bars on the lip. 

5 crumenatum, Swartz. Buema. Fl. large, white, 

6 secundum, Wall. Buemah. M. deep red to 

white, with yellow. 

7 revolutum, Lindl. Tenasserim. TL white with 

brown lip. 

8 J'erdonianum, Wight. Western Ghaut. K. 

yellow. 






BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALOEE. 185 

9 scabrilingue, Lindl. Bumah. F1. white, lip yel-' 
low and green. 

10 primulinum, Lindl. Nepal and Sikkim. ¥\. 

medium, pale-pink to primrose. 

11 cretaceum, Lindl. Buemah. Fl. chalky-white, 

lip streaked with crimson. 

12 Pierardi, Koxb. North India and BueMah. 

PI. medium, rose, with cream to yellow lip. 

13 Crystallinum, Reichb. Teop. Himalaya, Bun- 

mah. F1. medium, white purple tipped ; lip 
orange. 

14 Bensonise, Eeichb. Buemah. F1. medium, pale 

yellow or white ; lip yellow with 2 purple 
spots. 

15 aqueum, Lindl. Nilgieis. F1. cream-white, lip 

pale yellow. (See D. album, W.j 

16 nobile, Lindl. Basteen Himalaya. Buemah, 

Fl. purple or white with purple tips and 
hp. 

17 Parishii, Eeichb. Uppee Buemah. Fl. medium 

rose-purple or white, hp with 2 maroon 
blotches. 

18 Falconeri, Hook. N.India and Uppee Bue- 

mah. Fl. large, white, tipped with purple, 
lip white, with golden zone and purple disk. 

19 pendulum, Roxb. Siam, Buemah. (SeeD. eras- 

sinode.) 

20 Wardianura,. Warner. Assam and Buemah. 

Fl. large, white tipped with rosy-magenta, 
lip white and yellow with 2 crimson spots. 

47 



186 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

21 gratiosissimum, Reichb. Burmah. Fl. large^ 

"whjte with rosy-purple tips ; disk yellow or 
golden. (See 1). JBozalU, Eeichb.) 

22 Aphrodite, Reichb. BuKMAH. Fl. pale primrose 

to white, lip orange and purple. (See. D. 
notatum, Lindl.) 

23 Devonianum, Past. JSToetheen India, Buk- 

MAH, &c. Fl. large rosy-white tipped with 
purple, lip deeply fringed, white with purple 
zone and 2 orange spots. 

24 Dalhousieanum, Paxt. Eastern Himalaya. 

Burma H. Fl. large, cream, suffused with 
rose ; lip with 2 large maroon blotches. 

25 tortile, Lindl. Burmah. Fl. rosy-hlac, with yel- 

low lip. 

26 Calceolaria, Carey. Teop. Himalaya. Burmah. 

Fl. large golden yellow to rosy-purple, lip 
with 2 maroon or purple blotches, but usual- 
ly closed. (See D. moschatum, Wedl.) 

27 fimbriatum. Hook. Northern India and Bur- 

mah. Fl. medium, orange-yellow. 

„ yar, oculata. Hook. The same with a 

purple blotch, in the throat. 

28 chrysanthum, Wall. Teop. Himalaya. Fl. 

medium, waxy-yellow with crimson spot. 

ii9 densiflorum, Wall. Northern India and 
Burmah. Fl. in dense pendant racemes, dull- 
white with orange lip. 

30 „ var. thyrsiflorum, Eeichb. Although 
reduced to a variety of the foregoing species^ 
this plant is much the finer of the "two. Fl 



BOTANICAL GABDEN, BANaALOEE. 187 

in large racemes, pure white witli rich orange 
lip. 

3i aggregatura, Eosb. Assam. Btjemah. F1. 
medium. Orange-yellow. 

32 chrysotoxum, Lindl. Areacan ash Buemah. 

Fl. pale-yellow, lip orange and gold, spotted 
red. 

33 Farmerii, Paxt. Assam. Buemah. F1. whitish. 

tinged with pink or rose, hp white with rich 
golden centre. 

34 Palpebrse, Lindl. Noetheen India. Buemah. 

Fl. white tinged with rosy-pink, hp whitish 
with orange disk. 

35 capillipes, Reichb. Uppbb Buemah, F1. golden 

. yellow with deep orange blotch. 

36 species. Undetermined. 

37 species. „ A Nilgiei plant. 

Note. — The ' Flora of British India' describes 
15 8, species of this splpndid genus. 

2 BulbOpliyllUni, ThoUAES. Pseudpbulbous herbs with 

creeping rhizome. 

1 fiisco-ptirpureum? Wight. Nilgieis. F1. pur- 

ple. 

2 species. Fl. yellow. 

3 Eria, Lindl. Epiphytes. 

1 polystachya, A. Eich, Nilgieis, Fl. small, yel- 

lowish. 

2 species ? Fl. small, greenish-white. 

3 Dalzelli? Lindl. W. Ghauxs. Fl. yellow. 



188 CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 

4 Phajus, LouB. Terrestrial or Epiphytic Herbs. 

1 Wallichii, Lindl. N. India and Burmah. FI. 

large, greenish white to rosy purple Outside, 
brown and gold inside. 

2 albus, Lindl. N. India and Buemah. Tl. large, 

pure white, or with a coloured lip. 

3 „ var. Bensoniae. Fl. large, rose-purple with 

a golden and deeper purple lip. 

5 Coelogyne, Lindl. Epiphytes. 

1 Gardneriana, LindL Stjb-teop. Himalaya. Fl. 

large, white. 

2 cristata, Lindl. Temp. Himalaya. Fl. large 

white with yellow; markings on the lip. 

3 Schilleriana, Reicbb. Btjrmah. Fl. ochreous, lip 
mottled yellow, and brown. 

4 prtecox, Lindl. BtraMAH. Fl. rose-purple. See 

Fleione birmamca, Eeichb. , 

5 Parishii, Hook. Buemah. Fl. greenish -yellow 

with purple disk and bluish lip. 

6 species 1 1 Buemah. Received from Mr. Gil- 

7 species 2) „ bert. 

6 Pholidota, Lindl. 

1 iTubricata, Lindl. Buemah. Perennial Herb. Fl. 

SDjall, dull white. 

2 species? 

7 Calanthe, E- Be. Terrestrial Herbs. 

1 vestita, Lindl. Tenasseriiii, Fl. rosy white. 

2 rosea, Benth. Tenasserim. Fl. lai-ge, rose. 

8 Arundih^, Blume. 

1 bamibusifolia, Blume.- Chittagong. Nepal. 
Terrestrial herb. Fl. red. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALOEE. 189 

9 Oymbidium, Swaetz. 

1 aloefolium, Swartz. Bengal. Burma. M. Brown- 

ish-yellow with lilacpurple hp. 

2 ensifohum ? Lindl. Bengal. 

3 species. 

10 Eulophia, Br. Terrestrial Eerh. 

1 virens, Be. India. M., greemsh-gold to brown. 

11 Oyrtopera, K. W. Terrestrial Herh. 

1 Cullenii, Wight. India. F1. yellow. 

12 Phalaenopsis, Blume. Epiphytic Herls. 

1 species No. 1. 

2 „ „ 2. From Java. (Beddome.) 

13 .ffirides, Lour. BpiphyUc Herbs. 

1 odoratum, Lour. N. India, Burmah. F1. white, 

tipped and lightly shaded with pink. Fra- 
grant. 

2 quinquevulnerum ? Manilla. 

3 Lindleyana, Wight. India. F1. rose- white. 

4 Wightii. Fl. rosy-purple on a wLitish ground. 

5 iBpecies. Buemah. FL white shaded light 

purple. 

14 Vanda, K. Be. Epiphytic Herbs. 

1 gigantea. Burmah. Fl. yellowish, blotched with 

brown and red. ^ 

2 teres, Lindl. N. Indl^. M. large, rosy-purple, 

lip orange streaked with crimson. 

3 Eoxburghii, E. Br. Bengal. FL greenish-yel- 

low, maxbled brown, lip purple. , 

48 



190 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

4 tricolor, Lindl. 'Java. Fl. pale-yellow. Spotted 

brownish- crimson ; lip whitish-purple. 

5 Bensoni, Buemah. El. greenish-yellow. Spotted 

crimson ; lip purplish. 

6 species. Fl. not seen. 

15 Saccolabium, Lindl. Epiphytic Herbs. 

1 Blumei, Lindl. Indian Aeohipblago. Fl. white 

stained with violet, lip dark rose. 

2 giganteura, Lindl. BuEMAH. Fl. white, spotted 

lilac and purple ; lip purple. Fragrant. 

3 curvifolium, BtjemAh and Java. Fl. bright 

scarlet. 

4 paniculatum, "Wight. S. India. Fl. white- tinged 

with pink and purple. 

5 ampuUaceum? Buemah. 

6 species. 

16 Vanilla, Swaetz. CUmling Berhs. 

1 aroraatica, Swartz. Beazil. c Cultd. at Banga- 

lore for its fruit. Fl. greenish-yellow. 

2 apliylla, Blume, Lindl. 

17 Pogonia, K Be. 

1 species ? India. Deciduous. One or two pros- 
trate leaves to each tuber. Begonia^like. 

18 Habenaria, B. W. Terrestrial Serb. 

1 Lindleyana ? K. W. Mysoee. Fl. white. 

19 Cypripedium, Linn. Iiadt/'ss^«p^er, or «Ae Slipper 

of Venus. Terresta^ial herbs. 

1 barbatunijHbrt. Malacca. Fl. brownish-purple, 

green and white. 

2 Druryii. India. 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGAIiOBE. 191 

3 venustum, Wall. Silhet. F1. greenish-white, 

lined crimson and purple. 

4 insigne, Wall. N. India. F1. greenish, marked 

white and purple. 

20 Angrsecum,?. Thouaes. Epiphytic Herb. 

1 ebameum ? Madagascae. Fl. white. 

21 Bletia, Euiz et Pav. 

1 hyacinthina, Lindl. China. Terrestrial herb- 
Fl. purple. 

22 Oncidium, Sw. Epiphytic Herh. 

1 luridum, Lindl. West Indies. Fl. orange- 
brown* spotted, lurid. 

Note. — A number of orchids are still undeter- 
mined. 



Oedee CXIX. 

SCITAMINEyE. 

THE GINGER AND AKEOVEOOT FAMILY. 

Under its tribal divisions of Zingiberacece-Giagev 
Tribe — Marantaceo& —Arrowroot Tribe — and Musacece — 
the Banana and Plantain Tribe — this forms an impor- 
tant and extensive fainily of mostly tropical herbs. In- 
florescence usually spicate or racemose, often radical. 
Flowers irregular, often showy but partially obscured 
between imbricating spathaceous bracts. Perianth leaves 
superior and in 2 whorls of 3 each. Stamens 3, (Musa 6) 
the two lateral ones often abortive. Ovary inferior, 3 — 
celled. Fruit 1 — 3^-celle5. Seeds numerous. Nos. 2, 



192 CATALOGfUE OF PLANTS. 

10 and 11 exhitat the characters of the three Tribes in 
their respective order of arrangement here. Some bota- 
. nists treat them as separate Orders. 

TRIBE ZINGIBERACEiE. 

1 Alpinia, Linn. 

1 nutans, Eosc. India, h F1. large, crimson 

white and orange. 

2 galanga ? Kan. Dumparasme gida. eS^oste^ ns. 

3 calcarata, Rose. Burmah and China, m M. 

white, faintly spotted rose. 

4 vittata, Bull's Catalogue. 

5 species, n M. not seen. 

2 Zingiber, Gaeet. 

1 officinale. Rose. Ginger. India, k Kan. Sonti- 

gida. ^JS)oe.3 ft*. M. -whitish-purple. 

2 zerumbet, Eosc. Moluccas, k F1. yellow. 

3 Costus, Linn. 

1 speciosus. Smith. India, k PI. white. 

2 species, h 

4 Ksempferia, Linn. 

1 ovalifoha, Eoxb. Moluccas, h Indian Croem. 

See. K. rotunda. Kan. Nela Sampage gida. 
^y TJQiJrt F>zS. Fl. white to rosy-purple. Fra- 
grant. 

2 galanga, Linn. India. Fl. whitish. 

5 HedycMuin, Kcenig. Garland Flower. 

1 coronarium, Kcenig. India, h Fl. pure white. 

Fragrant. 
S flavura,, Eoxb. India, k (or flavesceus, Wall.) 

FL yellow. Fragrant. 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALOBE. 193 



3 thrysiflorum. Java, h Fl. golden yellow dashed 

■with light red, 

4 species. Buemah. k 

6 Curcuma, Linn. 

1 longa, Eoxb. Tirmeric. Java, h Kan. Arisina ~ 

gida. Fl. yellow and white. ^^e'risS f^sS. 

2 Zedoaria, Eosc. Zedoary. Chittagokg. h 

3 lutea-viridis. k 

4 species, n 

7 Amomum, Linn. 

1 angustifolium ? India. ^ 

8 Elettaria, Maton. 

1 cardamomum, Maton. Cardamom. India, s 

^flw. Yelaiki gida. ^s'*^ ^^s. 

2 species. The Wild Cardamom. 

TRIBE MARANTACE.a;. 

9 Maranta, Linn. 

' Deciduous or evergreen herbs with beautifully marked leaves. Mostly 
iodigenous to the West Indies and Trop. S. America. 

• 1 zebrina, Sims. S. Amee. k 

2 arundinacea, Ham. Arrow-Root. W. Indies, bc 

3 albo-rlineata ? Hoet. h: 

4 bicolor, Lind. S. Amer. h 

5 Vanden Heckei. Brazil, k 

6 Veitchii. Teop. Amee. bc 

7 Makoyana. h. 

8 Oppenheimi. -a 

9 Devosiana, h See Bull's Catalogue 

10 Leopardina. ii for description. 

11 Seemanii. k 



12 Regalis. 

13 nitida. 3 



49 



194 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

14 Warscewiczii. ii o t> iv n^j. i« 
J g • , See Bulls Catalogue. 

In addition to the above there are six unnamed species. 
10 Canna, Linn. Indian Shot. 

1 indica, Linn. India., h ^"^ 

2 lutea, Ait. S; i^MEB. k ^ g 

3 edulis, Ker. Peru 



"S (D on 

2:5 g 
3^ S) 



4 "Warscewiczii, Hort. Amee. 

5 glauca, Linn. India, is 

6 coccinea vera, Ait. India, h S | g 

7 discolor, Lindl. Tkinadad. h 1 « 'a 

*" ca o 

IB S U 

5 o ts 



8 gigantea, Desf. Brazil s:. 

9 elegantissima, Hort. h 
10 bicolor, Hort. h • t^ 1 r| 

TRIBE MUSACE^, 

11 Musa, Linn. 

1 paradisiaca, Linn. Plantain or Banana. India. 

T Kan. Bale gida. k»^ f^^. 

2 textilis, Nees. Manilla Hemp. Philipp. t 

3 superba, Eoxb. India, t 

4 ensete. The Abyssinian Banana, t 

5 sumatrana, Becoaei. t. Sumatra. FanV^afeti 

Plantain. ' 

The foUovdng vaxieties of M. paradisiaca are usually found in 
local cultivation. 

Yelakki bale. Large variety. SeJ^MS^, 

,, „ small var. 

Yele bale. Leaf plantain.. «i«3 vsn^. 
Gulur bale. Large butter plantain. ^jsVjsS mis?. 

„ „ small var. „ 

Katte bale. Cooking plantain. "^^ ws^. 
Madranga bale. sS^zSjort tsi?. 
Easa bale. Dessert plantain. ^^ tosvf. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANaALOEE. 195 



Havu bale. Snake plantain. ss>^ 80s<!?. 
Gujja bale. Short plantain. ?i^^ ^''^. 
Putta bale. ^^ a^s?. ' 
Chandra bale. Ked plantain. ^ozSj was?. 
Jain bale. Honey plantain, ^r sjss^. 
Kaja bale. Royal plantain, oia ass?. 
Pacha bale. Green plantain. ^^ ^^s?, 

12 Heliconia, Linn. 

1 aurantiaca, Linn. W. Indies, h F1. scarlet. 

2 aureo-striata. Variegated herb. 

13 Strelitzia, Linn, 

1 Eeginae ? South Aeeica. h 

14 Ravenala, Adans, 

1 madagascariensis^ Sonner. Madag. Traveller's 
Tree. 

Several introduced plants of this Order are still undeter- 
mined. 



Oedee CXX. 

IRIDACE£. 

THE lEIS FAMILY. 

A large Order of herbs found in -various parts of the 
■warm-temperate globe, but most abundantly in South 
Africa. Leaves simple, (often sword-like and equitant as 
in the Fleur-de-Lis) , rising from a bulb or rhizome. Peri- 
anth showy, regular or irregular ; superior, and com- 
posed of six leaves in two -whorls. Stamens 3. Ovary in- 
ferior, 3-celled, Fruit capsular. Seeds numerous. "We 
have no indigenous representative ,of the family, but 
some of the Cape species are popularly cultivated in local 
gardens. 



196 CATALOGXTB OP PLANTS. 

1', Gladiolus, Touenef. Com Flag, h 

1 alatus, Linn, 0. G. Hope, hc 

2 cardinalis, Curt. 0. G. Hope, h Fl. of various 

3 communis, Thunb. C. G. Hope, h colours in termi- 

4 tristis, Linn. C. G. Hope. « "^^ 'P^'^' 

5 gandavensis. 

2 Iris, Linn. Fleur-de-Lis: 

1 germanica, Linn. Europe, h- German Iris. Fl. 

violet-purple. 

2 florentina, Linn. Europe, h FI. white. 

3 Rotainsoniana. 

3 Tigridia, Jacq. 

1 Pavonia, Pers. Tiger Flower. Mexico. El. bright 
scarlet spotted with crimson. 

4 Pardanthus, Ker. 

1 chinensis, Ker. Leopard Flower. China. El' 
orange, spotted red or crimson. Kan. Sauna 
sankudali gida. ^^ T^o^izss^ fszi, 

5 Antholyza, Linn. 

1 aethiopica, Linn. 0. G. Hope, h El. , red. 



Order CXXI. 

AiyiARYLUDE/E. 

THE AMARYLLIS FAMILY. 

An Order of bulbous or fibrous rooted herts with 
glabrous leaves and showy flowers. Perianth 6-partite 
and nearly regular, superior, spathaceous, and usuaUy- 
borne upon a stout scape. Stamens 6. Other condition 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALOEE. 197 

almost the same as in Iridacece. The American genus 
Agave is well established in Southern India, where it is 
much employed as a railway fence. Species are abundant in 
South Africa, and in Central America. Amaryllids are 
often mistaken for true lilies, to which they bear a close 
f resemblance. 

1 Orinum, Linn. 

1 asiatjcum, Linn. India, h F1. white. 

2 „ var. toxicarium, Herb. India, h M. 
white. 

3 giganteum. 

4 Sanderianum. 

5 formosum. 

6 zeylanicum. h M. rosy-purple. 

7 species ? India. ^ Kan. KaduiruUi gadde. '^'^ 

2 Pancratium, Linn. 

1 zeylanicum, lion. Ceylon, h: F1, white, fra- 
grant. 

3 Nerine, Heeb. 

1 sarniensis, Herb. Guernsey Lily. Japan. F1. 
dark crimson. 

4 Amaryllis, Linn. 

1 Keginae, Linn. Mexican Lily. W. 

Indies. 

¥1. varying from 

2 Belladonna, Linn. S. Amee. k all shades of red 

3 formosissima. Herb. S. Amee. ^ iHSyhS 

4 psittacma, Ker. J3eazil. h ^j^^ 

5 latifoUa. ? ^ 

50 



]98 CATALOGUE 01" PLANTS. 

5 Eucharis, Lindl. 

1 grandiflora, Planchi Amaison Lily. S. Amee. F1. 

pure white. Fragrant. 

2 Mastersii, Fl. pure white. Fragrant. 

6 Zephyranthes, Herb. Zephyr Flower or Amencan. 

Crocus. 

1 tubispatha, Herb. S. Ambk. h F1. pure white 

Fragrant. 

2 carinata. k S. Amer. F1. rose. 

3 rosea, Lindl, h Mts. Cuba. F1. bright rose. 

7 Curculigo, G^rtn. 

1 recuryata, Dryaftd. India, s: Fl. yellow. 

2 „ * striata. , Leaves striped green and 
white. 

8 Oyrtanthus, Ait. 

1 obliques, Ait. S. Africa, h Fl. golden yellow. 

9 Hsemanthus, Linn. Blood Flower. 

1 tigrinus, Jacq. Cape oe Goon Hope. ^m. Fl. 

crimson-oiange. 

2 cocdnei!s..SouTH . A frig a. h Fl. red: 

3 species. S. Aebica. A large tor ni. Fl.-' ciimsor. 

10 Doryanthes, R. Br. 

1 PalmeriijP New^South Wales. /Fl.^crimsGn. 

11 AS^'^A)'^^^' Large succulents. 

1 amgpjc^pa, Linn, ^.i^merimn A be., ;s Fl. , qreamy 

wbitis/to pale jeHow S'l^d greerush. Kan,, Kat- 
tah. vss^V. 

2 „ variegata. A striking foliage plant. 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALOEE. 199 

3 „ striata. Leaves streaked and marbled 
with gold. 

4 Mexicana, Lour. Furnishes +.he Fita Fihrp. ' 

5- rigida, Miller. Yucatan. Furnishes Sisol 

Hemp. 
6 species. 

12 Fourcroya, Vent. 

1 gigantea, Vent. S. Amer. s F1. greenish. 

2 „ variegata. Leaves white abd green, vei j 
striking. 

3 longseva, Karw and Zucc. t Mexico. This is 

the grandest of all the sn-ralled aloes. 

4 Beddinghausei. Another fine species frcm 

Mexico. 



Oedbe OXXII. 

BROMELIACEC 

THE PINE- APPLE FAMILY. 

Epiphytical and' terrestrial herbs, or undershrubs. 
Originally indigenous to tropical America but now found 
in many warm countries. The rigid leaves, sheathing 
from the rootstock, are characttristic of the Order ; as 
are also the terminal showy flowets, ' The pine-apple of 
gardens indicates a more succulent condition of growth 
than is usually found in allied genera, but otherwise it is 
a good type of the family. The 'flowers of Tillandsia 
and B/'Owefe'a are object 8 of interest on account of their 
brillfaiit colours diid long ieiidafanc^. ' 

1 .^chmea, Kuiz. and Pav. 

1 paniculigera ?'F1. blue and'scarlet. 

2 gperiesv' s Fj. ' scarlet and '^ purple. 'Probably 

JE. disbbWi Lindl. 



200 CATALOGUE 01" PLANTS. 

2 Ananassa, Lindl. 

1 sativa, Lindl. The Pine Ajaple. Teop. Amee. 

H Fl. bluish-purple. Kan. Ananas gida. 

2 „ yariegata. 

3 Billbergia, Thunb. 

1 zebtdna, Lindl. Brazil, h Zebra striped. 

4 Tillandsia, Willd. 

1 argentea? ^ 

2 species, k 

5 Pitcairnia, L'Heeit. 

1 angustifolia, Ait. W. Indies, h Fl. scarlet. 

2 species, k 

6 Bromelia, Likn. 

1 sphacelata, Linn. Chili, h. Fl. purple. 

Note. — Some of the above are entered -with hesita- 
tion as they have not been seen in 
flower. 



Oedee CXXIII. 

DIOSCOREACE/E. 

THE YAM FAMILY. 

A tropical Order of twining plants having swollen 
rootstocks or under-ground tubers of a large size. Leaves 
net-viened, petiolate, and mostly cordate. Flowers nume- 
rous, minute and unisexual ; mostly dioecious. Perianth 
7 — partite in both sexes. Ovary inferior and 3 — celled. 
Stifie& 3, or united from the base upwards. Fruit 1 — 3 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALOEB. 201 



celled. Seeds albuminous, 1—2 in each cell. The indi- 
genous genus Dioscorea will be discovered by its verna- 
cular names muUu genasu gadde,'^^^^^^^^^^^, mudi 
genasu gadde, 5iwa!^eB?S3 rid^^ and kddu genasu gadde, 
■ossgo rSp8?ji ri^. They are deciduous twiners with large 
edible tubers. 

1 Dioscorea, Linn. 

1 alata. linn. Tbop. Asia, c The Pondicherrp 

Potato. 

2 „ var purpurea, Eoxb. India, c 

3 globosa, Koxb. Tbop. Asia, c 

4 aculeata, Linn. India, a The Goa Potato. Kan. 

MuUu genasu gadde. sioi^o T^wsij rtji^. 

5 bulbifera, Linn. India.- c 

6 pentaphylla, Linn. India, o 

7 trinerva, ? o 

8 sa,tivg;,'l4n]j.W. Indies. The Common Yam. 



Obdeb CXXIV. 

SMILAGEyE. 

THE SAKSAPAEILLA FAMILY. 

An Order of climbing herbs and shrubs largely con- 
fined to tropical America. It is distinguished from 
Dioscoreacese by a superior ovary, the absence of large 
tubers and the more evergreen nature of the leaves. The 
latter possess the same aberrant conditions of venation, 
which should be noted by the studeut. 

1 Smilax, Linn. Sarsaparilla. 

1 sarsaparilla, Linn. South Amee. p 

2 discolor. South Ameb, c Variegated., 

3 species. Austbai*^. c 

51 



202 catalogue op plants. 

Oeder CXXV. 

PHILESIACEyE. 

THE LAPAGERIA FAMILY. 

A small Order of Chilian climbers with bandscJM 
flowers. 

1 Lapageria, Linn. 

1 alba, Linn Chili, c FJ. pure white. 

2 rosea. Chili, o Fl. rosy- crimson. 



Order CXXVI. 

UU^CE/E. 

THE LILY FAMILY. 

This large Order of herbs, shrubs, and rarely sraa 
trees, is represented in every part of the temperate an 
Bub-tropical globe. The bultaus section of the family 
marked by very beautiful flowers (true lilies), but tl 
fibrous and tuberous rooted species are usually less com 
picuous in this respect. Leaves parallel veined, sessi 
or sheathing. Perianth regular, 6 — leaved, inferio 
Stamens 6, inserted on the perianth. Anthers conspicuou 
introrse. Ovary superior, 3 — celled. Fruit capsular ( 
succulent. , Seeds numerous. The morphology of Ih 
Order should be carefully compared with that 
AmaryllidacecB, as sho^y species of the latter are ofti 
mistaken for true lilies. The ovary is superior in the oi 
family and infer'ior in the other. 

1 Lilium, Linn. 

1 longiflorum, Thunb, White Trumpet Lily. Ch 
nA. k Fl. waxy white, fragrant, 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALOEE. 203 

2 giganteum, Wall. Nepal, h F1. white, tinged 

with purple outside. 

3 tigrinum, Gawl. Tiger Lily. China, h F1. spot- 

ted. 

4 Neilgherrense. Nilgiri Lily, h F1. creamy- white. 

5 auratum. h: Fl. white, spotted red .and banded 

with gold. Very handsome. 

Lilies succeed indifferently at Bangalore, owing 
to the dryness and warmth of the climate. 

2 Gloriosa, Linn. 

1 superba, Linn. India, a h F1, vermilion-scarlet 
changing to orange. Tips of petals grfeen. 
Kan. Karadi kannina gadde. *^^ '^^'^ ^^• 

3 Agapanthus, L'Heeit. 

1 umbellatus, L'Herit, African Blue Lily, h 

2 ' „ fol. vliriegata. h 

4 Hemerocallis, Linn. Buy Lily. 

fulva, Linn, h F1. coppery-orange, mostly double. 

5 Anthericum, Linn. St. Bri/nds Lily. 

1 Liliastrum, Linn. Eueope. h F1. white. 

2 species. Fl. white. {A Liliago ?) 

6 Tulipa, Linn. Tulip. 

1 SuaveolenS, Roth. EuEOPB. h Fl- various, white, 

2 sylvestris, Linn. „ h y^ljo^.. '"^'-oo" 

'' ' and crimson. 

7 Polianthes, Linn. Tuberose. 

1 tuberosa, Linn. India, -h: Fl. pure white, fra- 

grant, 

2 „ fl, pi. Fl, double. 



204 CATALOGtTE OP PLANTS. 

8 Ornithogalum, Linn. . 

1 species. Siar of BetUehem. Egtpt. kc F1. -white. 

9 Sanseveira, Thunb. 

1 Zeylanica, -Roscoe. Bow-string Hemp. Ceylon. 

s Fl. lemon white. Kan. Manjina naru, ; 

2 cylindrica, Boj. Ife. Seychelles, s (See rohm- 

difolia.) 

3 trifasciata, The flat-leaved, 

10 Allium, Linn. 

1 cepa, Linn. Onion. Sijb-Tbgpl. Old Woeld. 
H Kan. I'ruUi. ^^%. . 

2 ascalonicuin, Linn. Shallot. Palestine, h 

3 sativum, Linn. Garlic. Eueope. h Kan. Bel-^ 

lulli. eS^^. 

4 porrum, Linn. Leek, h Switzeeland. 

5 fragrans, Vent. S. Amee. s: 

11 Asparagus, Linn. 

1 racemosus, Willd. Challa. (Tel.) India, c FI. 

white. Kan. Majjige gadde. s^osS rt rtzS . 

2 sarmentosus, Willd. China and India.' c Fl. 

whitish. 

3 oiScinahs, Linn. Europe, h: 

4 plumosuB, South Aeeioa. c Fl. white. 

12 Aspidistra, Kek, 



H 



1 punctata, vittata. 

2 lurida. Japan, h Fl. purple. 



3 „ varifgata, 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALORE. 205 

13 Dracaena, Linn. Dragon Tree or Dragons Blood. 



ta "tit 






1 terminalis, Lindl.S. S. Islds. s 

2 ferrea, Lina, India, s J ^ — 

3 Regina. s ■ii'Z'l 

4 Chelsonii. s J ° ^ . 

5 Shepherdii. s Attstealia. [S | -^.^ 

6 surculosa. s ^-^'-^ f 

7 reflexa ? s Australia. •! I, S ^ 

8 australis. s Austealia. -^ I' * S 

9 amabilis. s l"^ £"1 

10 albicans. s 

11 Goldieana. S. W. Teop. Apeica. 

12 Hendersonii. s 

13 Kobinsoniana, s 

14 metallica. s Samoan Islands. 

15 Cinnabari. s 

16 Baptistii. s SotrTH sea Islands. 

17 Cooperii.s 

18 splendens. s Soxtth sea Islands. 

19 Kegina. s 

20 Lindeni, and many unnamed varieties, a 

14 Phormium, Linn. 

1 tenax, Forst. New Zealand Flax. N. Zea- 

land, s 

2 „ variefjatum. s 



ugjK 



15 Aloe, Linn. 

1 indica, Koyle. s 

2 barbadensis, Mill. Hedge Aloe. C. G. Hope, s 

3 litoralis, India, x^: Kan. Ldlisara gida. «3jsf^sJrf 

16 Yucca, Linn. Adams Needle. 

1 gloriosa, Linn. N. Amee, s "Fl. large, ivory- 
white. 

52 



206 CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 

2 aloifolia, Linii. W. Indies, s Fl. wliite. 

3 „ variegata. 

4 filamentosa, s N. America. F1. white. 

5 species, s 

17 Eustrephus, E. Bb. 

1 angustifolius, E. Br. E. Auste. c F1. wliite. 



Oedeb OXXYII. - 

PONTEDERIACE^. 

THE PONTEDEEIA FAMILY. 

A small Order of aquatic herbs. Leaves Scath- 
ing. Petioles dilated, hollow, or succulent. Flowers, 
spathaceous and irregular. Perianth, 6 — lea-ved. Stamens 
3 or 6. Anthers introrse. Fruit capsular. Seeds numerous. 
In canals, ponds, and tanks. 

1 Monoclioria, Peesl. Aquatic herbs. 

1 vaginahs, Linn. India, h 

2 hasfcata, Linn. India, h: 



Oedee CXXVIII. 

GOMMELYNACE£- 

THE SPIDEEWOET FAMILY. 

Herbs with flattened leaves, which are often sheath- 
ing and occasionally succulent. The prfetty blue flowers 
of the ' Kanne Soppu' and its congeners indicate types 
of the Order. 

1 Oyanotis, Don. 

1 cristata. E. and S. India, si Kan. Bettada 
kanne soppu. ^^^ '^^^js^. 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALOEB. 207 

2. axillaris, E. and S. India. -= Kan. Negalu 
kanne soppu. cS^rte^i ^cS, f3j®^. 

2 Oommelyna, Linn. 

1 obliqua, Don. India, h Kan. Kadu benne be- 

diru soppu. "^^^ sS^ saado ^js^^-. 

2 communis, Linn. India, h J£rt»^. Kanne soppu. 

3 communis, var. angustifolia, Linn. India, h: F1. 

blue. 

4 Gcelestis, Willd. Mexico, h Fl. gentian-blue. 

3 Aneilema, B. P. 

1 nudiflorum, E. B, India, h Kan. Nela chelu 
soppu and sanna gundu huUu. jSuss^v'o rfjs^^. 
Ties riJoSo ^25.0 

4 Tradescantia, SpHerwort. 

1 zebrina, Hort. S. Amee. h 

2 discolor, L'Herit. S. Amee. h 

3 species, k 

4 species, k 



Oedee CXXIX. 

PALMAGEyE. 

THE PALM PAMILY. 

This splendid Order of trees and shrubs is represent- 
ed in nearly all tropical and sub-tropical countries. The 
simple stem (trunk) with its terminal crown of noble 
evergreen leaves, of two typical forms, fan and pinnate, 
are characteristic conditions of the group. So are the 
perfect but imisexual flowers, thickly arranged on branch- 
ing spadices within a protecting ppathe. When the 



208 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

student has made himself familiar with the local toddy 
palm, Ichalu, and the palmjra, Tale, he will readily re- 
cognise other species of the palm Order, 

Economically, it is one of the most useful families of 
plants. ^ 

1 Areca, Linn. Pinnate-leaved. 

1 catechu, Linn. Betel-nut Palm. India, t Kan. 

Adike raara. 55a=f sSod. 

2 oleraeea, Linn. Cabbage Palm. W. Indies, t 

3 madagascariensis, Mart, t 

4 alba, Humph. Madag. t 

5 rubra, Bory. Isl. Mauritius, t 

6 crinata, Bory. Botjebon. t 

7 species, t 

2 Arenga, Labill. Pinnate-leaved. 

1 saccharifera, Labill. Sugar Palm. Moluccas, t 

3 Borassus, Linn. Fan-leaved. 

1 flabelliformis, Linn. Palmyra Palm. India, t 
Kan. Tale fiaara. ^^'^ ^^. 

4 Caryota, Lmcs. Pinnate-leaved. 

1 urens, Linn. Malabar Sago Palm. "^ Kan. Bagani 

mara. ^'^^ »^i^. 

2 sobolifera. Wall. India, t 

3 furfuracea ? Blume. Jata. -v 

4 species, t 

5 Ohamserops, Linn. Fan-leaved. 

1 Eichiana? (Richardiana ?) 

2 Martiana. Wall. Nepal, t 

3 humiiis, Linn. Africa, t ■ 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALORE. '" 209 

6 OOCOS, Linn. Pinnaie-leaved. 

1 nucifera, Willd. Cocoa-nut Tree. India.- Kan. 

Tengina mara. ®oh?S sSod. 

2 „ var. The golden cocoa-nut. 

There are several distinct varieties of C. nucifera cultivated in 
local gardens- 

7 Coryphaj Linn. Fan-leaved. 

1 australis, E. Br. Australian Fan-palm, t 

2 umbraculifera, Linn. Talipot or Fan-palm. 

Cetlon. 

8 Phoenix, Linn. Pinnate-leaved. 

1 dactylifera, Linn. Asia, and N. Africa, t 
The Date Palr^. Kan. Kurjoora. '^^a^r^i. There 

are several varieties in local cultivation. 

2 sylvestris. RoxT^. India, t Wild Bate, and 

Mysore Toddy Palm. Kan. I'chalu mara. 

3 farinifera, Eoxb. India, t or s Kan. Sanna 

I'chalu. ?«% ^E^wi 5^3rf. 

4 paludosa. Eoxb. India, t 

5 rupicola. 

6 reclinata, Jacq. Africa. 

7 pedunculata. 

8 acaulis, Buch. India. 

9 zeylanica, Ceylon, The Indi of Ceylon. 

9 Sabal, Adans. Fan-leaved. 

1 Adansonii, Guerns. The Dwarf Palmetto. 

Cuba, t 

2 Palmetto, Guerns. Floeida. t Th6 Palmetto. 

10 Seaforthia, E. Be. Fan-leaved. 

1 elegans E. Br. E. Austk. 

53 



210 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

11 Livistona;, R. Br. Fan- leaved. 

1 Mauritiana,, Wall. Isl. Mauritius, t 

2 eupensii ? t 

12 Licuala, Eumph. Fan-leaved. 

1 spinosa, Thunb. Singapore, i 

2 peltata, Roxb. Burmah. t 

13 Calamus, Linn. Pinnate-leaved. 

1 Rotang, Linn. Eattan-cane Palm. Teg p. 

ASL«L. s 

2 Jenkinsii ? From Calcutta, c 

3 leptospadix ? From Calcutta. 

4 callicarpus. c 

5 species, a 

6 species, a 

14 Elseis, Jacq. Pinnate-leaved. 

1 guineensis, Jacq. African Oil Palm. 

15 Oreodoxa, Willd. Pinnate-leaved. 

1 Eegia, Brazil, t Eoyal Palm of Cuba. 

16 Keutia, Blumb. Pinnate-leaved. 

1 Wendlandii. i- 

17 Thrinax, Fan-leaved. 

1 elegans. t 
2, gla,uca, -r 
' 3 argentea. 

18 Rhapis, Linn. fil. Fan-leaved. 

1 flabelliformis, Linn. Ground Battan. China. 

19 Hyophorbe, Gjeetn. Pinnate-leaved. 

1 Verschaffelti, Gr.SB,TN. t Mauritius. 

20 Dictyosperma, Wbndl. 

1 alba, Wendl. Mauritius. The Palmiste. 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALOEE. 211 

21 Dypsis. 

1 madagascariensis ? Madagascae, t 

22 Wallichia, Eoxb. 

1 disticha ? India, t 



Oedee CXXX. 

ALISMACE/E- 

THE WATER PLANTAIN FAMILY. 

A small Order of aquatic or marsh herbs mostly 
confined to northern parts of the globe. Perianth inferior . 
Stamens ten or indefinite. Ovaries superior, one-cel- 
led. 

1 Sagittaria, Linn. 

1 cordifolia. Common in wet land, h: 



Oedee CXXXI. 

PANDANAGEyE. 

THE SCREW-PINE FAMILY. 

A small Order of tropical shrubs and trees. The 
peculiar spiral arrangement of the evergreen (saw-hke) 
leaves, atjd the aerial roots of the stem, are marked 
characters of the genus Pandanus. Flowers unisexual , 
crowded on a spadix between numerous bracts ; fragrant. 
Perianth scaly or wanting. Stamens numerous. Ova- 
ries one-ceUed. Fruit drupaceous and one-seeded, or a 
Iberry with many seeds. 

1 Pandanus, Linn fil. 

1 odoratissimus, Linn fil. Screw Pine, s Fl. white, 
fragrant. Kan. Gedige gida. ^^^^ f^. 



212 CATALOGUE OF PLAKXS. 

2 furcatus variegata ? s 

3 species, a Leaves entire. 

4 Bpecies. s 



Order Ci^XXII. 

TYPHACEyE. 

THE BULLRUSH FAMILY. 

Sedge-like herbs growing in water. The small 
itionoscious flowers are gathered into dense brownish 
cylinders or spikes at the apex of a long stalk. 

1 Typlia, TotTENEF. 

1 elepbantina, Roxb. Elephant Grass. India, h: 

Kan. .lumbu HuUu. ^q^ ^eJ\ 

2 augustifoha, Linn. India.- Pith Grass, k 



Order CXXXIIL 

ARO!DE£> 

THE ARUM FAMILY. 

This is a large tropical Order of acrid herbs. Hav- < 
ing perfect Sowers, the Tribe Acoraceae is occasionally 
treated as a separate Order. But collectively the aroids 
are a well defined natural group. Leaves usually large 
and striking, often variegated or coloured ; net-veinedj 
and sheathing. Flowers, small^ unisexual, {moncecioiis} 
arranged on a spadix within a spathe ; the whole sup- 
ported on a long scape. The indigenous channel herb, 
Kesave dantu^ may be studied as a fairly good type of the 
family. The American, and Indian, clanhing aroids, are 
plants of vigorous growth and handsome foliage. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALOEE. 213 

1 Acorus, Linn. 

1 calamus, Linn. Sweet Flag. Etjbope. k Kan 

Baje gida. ^^ f^^. 

2 gramineus variegatus. n Grass-like. China. 

2 Oalla, 

setbiopica, (Syn. Michardia aethiqpica,) Arum Lily 
m. white. 

3 Aglaonema, Schott. 

1 cotnrautatum, Sch. Manilla, h 

2 simplex, Blume. Java, h 

3 picta compacta. Java, k 

4 Alocasia, Schott. 

1 indica, Sch. India.*!! 

2 Jenningsii, Veitch. India, h 

3 macrorhiza, Sch. India. Polynesia. 

4 „ variegata.* h: 

5 Sanderiana. h Eastern Archipelago. 

6 Princeps, k Malay, Archipelago. 

7 Johnstoni. h Solomon Isdands. 

8 Lowii. h: 

9 metaUica. n 

1 zebrina. k 

1 1 Eeginse. h 

12 Sedeni. k 

13 Marshallii. h 

14 aiitiquorum, Sch. India, h JEbm. Kesave dantu. 

15, gigantea. n 

16 violaeea alba, h 

17 species. (iUustris ?) Green with black patches. 

18 ppeeies, h 

54 



214 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

5 Amorphophallus, Blume. 

1 bulbifer, Blume, Ikdia. h 

2 campanulatus, Blume. Telinga Potato. Cey- 

lon. ^ 

3 species. 

6 Anthurium, Sohott. 

1 crystallinum, Andre. Colombia, h: 

2 magnificum, Andre. Colombia, h: (See grande.) 

3 scherzerianum, Sch. Ccsta Eica. h Spathe 

scarlet. 

4 Warocqueanura. 

5 Andreanum. Spathe scarlet. 

6 candidum. h Colombia. Spathe white. " 

7 carneum. h. Hybbid. Spathe rose-carmine. 

8 splendidum. hc S. Amee. 

9 metallica, h. 

10 scherzerianum var. Williamsii. ^ Spathe white, 

fragrant. 

11 regale, h 

12 Veitchii. ^ Colombia. 

13 insigne. h Colombia. Also 14 undetermined 

species. 

7 Arisaema, Mart. 

1 speciosum, Mart. Snake Lilp. India, h 

2 species. India. A small herb in meadows and 

among rocks, not exceedipg 6 — 9 inches. 
Spathe varying in colour from dark purple 
to green. 

8 Arum, Linn. Lords and Ladies, also Cuchoo Pint. 

1 italicum. S. Eueope. Italian Arum 

2 species ? 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALOEE. 215 

9 Caladium, Tuberous eooted heebs. Deciduous 
■for 5 months. 

1 bicolor, Yent. Beazil. h 

2 „ var. Chantinii, Lena. Beazil. h 

3 pictum, DO. Beazil. k 

4 „ var. Belleymei, Chant. Beazil. h 

5 tricolor, Hort. s: 

6 amabile, Hort.. h 

7 argyrites, Versch. a: 

8 discolor, Hort. n 

9 marmoratum, Mathieu. -k 

10 mirabile, Hort. s 

1 1 regale^ Horfc. Beazil. s: 

12 Wightii, H 

13 picturatum, K. Koch. S. Amee. h: 

14 cannsertii, n 

15 Dr. Lindlpy. h 

16 E. G. Henderson.* h 

17 Vicomtesse de la Eoque-ordan. h 

18 Ceres, n 

19 Felicien David, h: 

20 Madame de la Deransaye. ii 

21 Madame Hunnebelle. n 

22 imperiale. n 

23 Auguste Leraoinier. ^ 

24 Agrippine Dimitry. n 

25 Coy pel. n 

26 Duchartre- h: 
W Elvina. n 

28 Grratiosum. k 
1^9 Gretry. k 

30 Helevy. k 

31 HouUetii. n 

32 liullii. H 

33 Louis Duplessis. h 

34 Madame Heine., ii 

35 Arsinqe. k. 



216 CATALOGUE 01" PLANTS. 

36 Candidum. h 

37 Euterpe. ::a 

38 Gluck. ^ 

39 Gaze De Paris, ix 

40 Madame Lemoinier. h 

41 Monsieur D'Halioy. la: 

42 Madame Alfred Maine, h 

43 Eeine Marie du Portugal, h 

44 Sofia, H 

45 Petropolis. h 

46 Princess of Wales, js. 

At Bangalore theie beautiful plants attain great perfection. 
They are in full growth from May to September. 

10 Dieflfenbachia, Sohott. 

1 Pearcei, Bull's Cat. n 

2 seguine, Sch. W. Indies. Dumb-cane, b: 

3 picta. H 

4 loniatum? h 

5 Shuttleworthii. h Colombia. 

6 Regina. S. Ambeica. k 

7 Eex. H S. Amek. 

8 Leopoldii. m S. Amer. 

9 Bausei. 

10 triuraphans. Colombia, h Also one or two 
undetermined. 

11 Philodendron, Lindl. 

1 crinipes. c 

2 Carderii, a S. Amer. 

3 discolor, c 

4 glorioBum. c 

5 pertusum. c S. Amer. (See Monstera deUciosa.) 

12 Pothos, Linn. 

1 Bcandens. Linn. India, c 



BOTANICAL aARDEN, BANaALOEE. 217 

2 aureus, c Solomon Islands. 

3 argenteus. c Boeneo. 

4 nitens. o Eastern ARCHiPELAao. 

5 species, a 

13 Syngonium. 

1 albo-lineatum, Bull's Cat. Central Amer. c 

2 Wendlandii. c Trop. Amer. 

3 species, o 

14 Curmeria, Masters, 

1 "Wallisii, Masters, k Colombia. 



Order CXXXIV. 

PISTIACE£. 

THE DUCKWEED FAMILY. 

A small Order of floating herbs, or minute plants, 
f usually found in still water. Flower 2 — 3 within the 
■ spathe, achlamydeous and monoecious. Fruit 1 — seed- 
ed. 

1 Pistia, Linn. Aquatics. 

1 stratiotes, Idnn.i Water Soldier. India. Kan. 
Antaragfange gida. ©oi^tirtort Pis, 

2 Lemua, Linn. 

1 globosa, Koxb. Duckwee^. Indian Tanks. 



55 



218 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS, 

Ordee OXXXV. 

ERiOGAULONE£. 

THE PIPEWORT FAMILY. 

An Order of grass-like herbs usually found ia marshes 
and paddj- fields. The small globular heads of -whitish 
flowers distinguish the members of this group from sedges 
or grasses, to which they otherwise bear a strong re- 
semblance. Students should dissect the indigenous weed 
'Betta guudu gida' and compare it with types of the two 
succeeding Orders, 

1 Eriocaulon, Linn. 

1 quinqueangulare, Linn. Tkop. Asia, ^ FL white. 

Kan. Betta gundu gida. e=^ rijoj^ h:S, 

2 sexangulare, Linn. Teop, Asia, k 



Oedee CXXXVI. 

CYPERACE/E- 

THE SEDGE FAMILY. 

A large Order of grass-hke herbs found in all parts 
of the world. But sedges can generally be distinguish- 
ed from proper grasses by the following conditions : — 

(a) Sterns jointless, solid, and mostly angular, 

(b) Leaves without hgules, and having closed 

sheaths. 

(c) The pistillate flower with or without a 

tubular periailth. 

Sedges usually affect marshy and undrained lands, 
while some species are entirely aquatic. As compared 
with grasses their economic value is unimportant. 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGAIiOEE. 219 

1 Cyperus, Linn. 

1 articulatus, Lirni. India. Kan. Yale jambu 

2 alopecuroides, Nees. India. Kan. Bill jambu 

huUu. iSV ssceOj 3oDg;o. 

3 exaltatus, Eetz. India. Kan. Kempu jambu 

bullu. =^=3^ »oa03 a^o|;3. 

4 Iria, Linn. India, ^aw. Dabbe jambu hullu. 

or Vusumani ? zS^koeOo j^ooj. '^sSjsJs?) ^gJ3. 

5 capillaris, Kcenig. India. Xara. Ohendu cbeni 

huUu. B^ozSo a#?£»S soow). 

6 haspan, Linn. India. Kan. Honne hu hullu. 

7 difformis, Linn. India. Kan. Kari sanna jambu 

hullu. "3^0 ^c^ aSoSOO SoOWD. 

8 corymbosus. India. Kan. Badra hullu. ^^5; 

CO • 

9 rotundus, Linn. India. Kan. Tunge hullu 

10 compressus. India. Kan. Vusumani hullu. 

11 alternifolius. 

12 „ var. variegatus. 

13 Pangorei. Eottl. India. 

14 esculentus, Linn. Chuff a or Ground Almmd. 

15 sulcinux? 

16 species. Kan. Hugu hullu. «w5rt3 ^agJi. 

17 species. 

18 species. 

2 Timbristylis, Vahl. 

1 schoenoides, Vahl. Kan. Kadu gundu hullu, 

and gadde gundu hullu. "Ri* t^t^ s^agji. ri^ 

r?36^0 So3t)3 

2 gigantea, Vahl. 

3 Wightiana, Nees. Kant Niru sabbasige hullu. 

4 „ var. Zaw. Kadu sabbasige hullu. 



220 CATALOGUE Or PLANTS, 

5 monostachya. 

6 railiacea. 

3 Isolepis, E. Be. 

1 holoschcBnus. ? R. and S. Indla. Kan. Kru 

Yusumani huUu. "^X^^ Ȥrf35:Jj3?) siua. 

2 squarrosa, R. and S. India. Kan. Kadu vusu- 

mani hullu. '^'^ ^siosd^Ji 3ooe;o. 

3 barbata, R, B. India-- jBTaw. Chavuri huUu. Katte 

ladi buUu. ^^^ ^^. *ii^s3sa ^o^a. 

4 Scirpus, E. B, Clul-msh. 

1 mucronatus Linn. India. Kan. HommngaK 

hullu. 3oJ3o55wri? SoJUD. 

5 Oourtoisia, Nees. 

1 cyperoides, Nees. India. Kan. Bili sanna jambu 
buUu. 23^ 5^°^ KosOj sooua. 

6 Tuirena, Lam. 

1 glomerata, Lam. India. Kan. Petlu gori hullu. 

2 „ var. ciliaris. 

7 Kyllingia, W. 

1 brevifolia, Plott. India. Kan. Ananta gonde 

hullu. «5SSo!^7^Je)Ojl SoitJO. 



Oedbk CXXXVII. 

GRAMINE£- 

THE GRASS FAMILY. 

This splendid Order of plants is abundantly re- 
presented in all fertile parts of the world, where it furn- 
ishes cereal crops to the husbandman and green verdure 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALOEB. 221 

to tbe.fields. In the tropical genus Bambusa it attains 
an arborescent size. Grasses have hollow jointed stems; 
alternate leaves with opening sheaths, and usually a 
small hgule at the base of the blade. Flowers gluma- 
ceous. Stamens rarely more than three, anthers large 
and versatile. Ovary superior, stigmas feathery. Fruit 
a caryopsis. Seed mealy, and often nutritious. 

1 Triticum, Linn. 

1 vulgare, linn. Eueope. © Wheat. Kan. Godhi. 

2 Oryza, Linn, 

1 sativa, Linn. Bice. India. © Kan. Nellu jSwj. 

The local Museum contains specimens of 
108 varieties of this grain. The kinds are 
distinguished from each other by varying 
conditions of size, form, colour, and hairiness ; 
as also by the uses to which they are ap- 
' plied and their conditions of growth. There 
are, of course, vernacular names for all. 



■'! 



3 Zea, Linn. 

1 Mays, Linn. Maise or Indian Corn. Trop. 
Amer. Kan, Jola. ^js^v". 

4 Euchlsena, Scheader. 

1 luxurians, Durien in BuU. Teosinte. Guate- 
mala. O 

5 Paspalum, Linn. 

1 brevifolium, Mueg. India. Kan. Sanna tapri 

huUu. s!«|j^53, zgagf). 

2 scrabiculatum, linn. India. 

56 



222 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

6 Panicum, Linn. 

1 indicum, Linn. India. Kan. Kari korle huUu 

2 sanguinale. Linn. India. Kan. Bili akkabu 

hullu and gandu akkabu huUu. s5^ e^^aiJ EoiwOj 

■6- " ■ 

3 distachyum, Linn. India. Kan. Hambu harak^ 

hullu. 5S0M> 5o3rf^ ^^Si^. 

4 Petiverii, Trin. India. Kan. Kadu baragu 

hullu. ■osiJ^i tJrfria soJejo. 

5 psilopodium ? Trin. India. Zaw. Bili same hul-. 

lu ^ sJssSj ^ejd 

6 prostratum ? Lam. India. Kan. Kadu bili same 

hullu. 'SS^^ ,!jS)55j JS0W3. 

7 repens, Linn. Ginger Grass. India. Kan. Sonti 

hullu. ?'J»oW ^JgJi. 

8 erucaeforme, Siebol. India. Kan. Antu garike 

hullu. «5oWi 7lo^ sdo^. 

9 brizoides, Linn. India. Kan. Kadu haraka hul- 

lu, 'sazii zssxS^ ^^$P. 

10 interruptum, WUld. India. Kan. Hodike hullu. 

11 fimbriata, Nees. India. Kan. Niru sajje hul- 

lu. ci^rfi ?isg «3SJ3. 

xv*. NX ^ co- 
la fluitans, Linn. India. Kan. Gadde vadavina 
hullu. rti5^5izSS»5S sgjgjo. 

1 3 miliaceum, "Willd. Little Millet. S. Eubope. © 

Kan. Baragu. Otfrto. 

14 jumentorum, Pers. Guinea Grass. S. Amee. 

15 miliars, Linn. Nella shama. (Tel.) S- 

Europe. © 

13 italicum, Linn. Italian Millet. S. Europe. Kan. 
Navane. oSsisl. 



BOTANICAL GARBEN, BANGALORE. 223 

17 framentaceum, Eoxb. Bonta sJiama. (Tel.) S. 

Europe. Kan. Same. ^^^i. 

18 ovalifolium. S. Europe. 

19 latissimum, Mikan. India. Bsazil. 

20 semiverticellatura. India. Kan. Haraka. t^^"^. 

2 1 species. Kan. Dodda tapri huUu. 

7 Penioillaria, Swartz. 

1 spicata. Swartz. Spiked Millet or Kuniboo. O 
(See Holcus spicatus) Kan. Sajje. ^'^. 

8 Setaria, Beauv. 

1 glauca, Beativ. © India. Kan. Bill korle buUu. 

en *^ * 

2 verticillata, Beauv. © India. Kan. Sanna antu 

purule huUu. ^%^°^^ ^^^^ ^^IP. 

3 italica, India. Kan. Korle huUu. '€jsi6j^\ 

4 macrostachya, India. Kan. Sunku tene. huUu. 

9 Saccharum, Linn. 

1 spontaneum, Linn, India. Kan. Darbhe or ho- 

dake liullu. Ssfrs^ogj:), 3Sj®a=#i5^os^. 

2 officinarum, Linn. Sugar-cane. India. Kan. 

Kabbu. *e^. 

10 Andropogon, Linn. 

1 pertusus, "Willd. India. Kan. Karada kaci 

huUu. ^Si^JS ^*r) Soig^. 

2 Bladhii. Retz. India. Kan. Ganjalu garike 

huUu. rtossejo rtD-f Ei^o; 

3 muricatus, Retz. Kus-km Grass. India. Kan. 

Gandu gangala garike hullu. rtoz^ riosssj rie=# 



224 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

* 

4 schoenanthus, Linn. Lemon Grass. Ikdia. Kan. 

Nese or lavanchi huUu. <3?3 ^^U^. aJsSojA ^y^, 

5 nardus, India. Kan. Bettada lale hfillu. ^Sw^sS 

OSS? 3o0gJ3. 

11 Sorghum, Pees. 

1 Halep^nse, Pers. India. Kan. Hutchu jola. 

w ■ 

2 vulgare, Pers. (?yea^ Millet or Cholum. India.. 

© Kan. Bill jola. 23? ^j®«V. 

3 saccharatura, Pers. Chinese Sugar-cane. © 

China. 

4 kaffranium? 

5 species. Amek. Minnesota early amber-cane. 

12 Cymbopogon, Spr. 

1 pachnodes, Trin. "White, large, thatching grass. 
Kan. Bili dodda kachi huUu. ^ sSjsiS =sii8S - 

SoOEJD ^ 

CO ' 

13 Chrysopogon, Tein. 

1 species, near gryllus. India. Kan. Kari dhappa- 

hanchi huUu. ^zisj^^oii EoagJo. 

2 c8eruleus,Nees., India! Zaw. Huli mise huUu. 

CojO ^J3^ So^gP. 

14 Coix, Linn. 

1 Lachryma, Linn. Job's Tears. India. 

15 Apluda, Nees. 

1 communis, Nees. Small black thatching grass. 
India. Kan. iSanna kari kachi huUu. ^% 



CO • 



BOTANICAL GAKDEN, BANGALOKE, 225 

16 Anatherium, Palis. 

1 muricatuii], India. Kan. Kadu kari dhappa 
sajje hullu. 'ff'sss 's'o zSsS^ n^ Bojwa, 

17 Aristida, Linn, 

1 cserulescens, Desf. Large Broom Grass. India. 

Kan. Dpdda hanchi hallu, zSjs^j^czS ^ga. 

2 „ var. Kan. Kari sanna hanchi hullu. 

tSsb 3ooaS s'oyj 

3 adscensionis, India. Kan. Kadu nose hullu. 

■e^zSi c5j8?S scoyj. 

4 species? 

18 Cynodon, Linn. 

1 dacfylon, Pers. Bariali or JOoub Grass. India. 
Kan. Ganke hullu. t^o^ z^^^i. This is the 
best Indian grass for making hay. 

19 Chloris, Swartz. 

1 barbata. India. Kan. Manchada kalu hullu. 

CO • 

I 

20 Microchloa, R. Br. 

1 setacea, E. By. Peacoch-coloured Grass. Kan. 
Navilu bannada hullu. si^w ^s^zS j&wj, 

21 Lappago, Schreb. 

1 racemosa, "Willd. Kan. Puttu antu purule hdl- 
lu. s^wa, escWj agitfos? sJogAj, 

22 Isachne, E. Bb. 

1 australis, E. Br- Kan. Kadu sanna same hullu. 

^ttii Tips 7ii<Si ^^. 

57 



226 CATALOCJIJE or PLAKTS. 

23 Sporobolus, E. Be. 

1 annulatus, Munro. Fox-tail Grass. India. Kan. 

Nari balada hullu. sSq wjiujs s^agji. 

2 elongatus, E. Br. India. Kan. Navilu dondi 

huUu. ti^vi jSjsoa aoi^. 

24 Oplismenus, Palis. 

1 Colonus, K. India. Kan. Jade shankara huUu 

or tene hullu. ^^ ^o=is6 Sayi, 4^ ^jgjj-. 

2 „ ' variety. Kan. Dodda antu purule 

hullu. sSjSJi «5ci33 ^rfaS? BoigU. 

3 Galli Crus, K. India. Kan. Kadu dabbe hullu. 

4 frumentaceus ? India. Kan. Hutchu kdrle 

hullu. 3002^0 =#j6)^d SoiUO. 

25 Manisurus, Linn. 

1 granulans, S. C. India. Kan, Kadu sanna 
harka hullu. =5^^ sSfa^CTd=5= i^jgja. 

26 Batratherum, Nees. 

1 violaceum? India. jBlAw. Nela bidaru hullu. 

CO * J 

27 Trachys, Pees. 

1 mucronata, Pers. India. Kan. Mara akkabu 
hullu, or parangi akki hullu. s^ad es^^eOa '<^^ 

28 Dactyloctenitim, Willd. 

1 segyptiacum "Willd. Buffah-head Grass. India 
Kan. Kdaana tale hullu. '^JK^ii ^«3 ^i^\ ^ ^ 

29 LeptOChloa, Palis. 

1 cbinensis, Nees. India. Kan. Kadu sanna kari 
saj je hullu. '^'^ '^oPs> ^e fi^ isojwi. 



BOTANICAL GAEDBN, BANGALORE. 227 

2 arabica, K. India. Kan. Nari balada gandu 
b.ullu. t^Q wauS /ioJio ^jwi 

30 Perotis, Ait. 

1 latifolia, Ait. India. Kan. Juburu bd'le hullu, 
or nari balada bulla. aj^sOarfi =#js^d ^jejD. tdoaraw 

31 Eragrostis, Palis. 

1 plumosa, Linn. India. Kan. Sanna purule 

hullu. si£|, ^tf:"^ ^J^3, 

2 poseoides, Bdauv. India. Xan. Sanna hugu 

hullu, or Dodda purule hullu. ?^f«, «w3rto soowd. 
?Sj8)S actios? aoOtJi. 

3 verticiUata, Beauv. India. Kan. Kadu sanna 

sami hullu. '^^ "^"^ sfesSi sJa^^. 

4 megastachya, Beauv. India. Kan. Bettada 

akkabu hullu. ^^^ ^%i^^ ^^U". 

5 ciliata, Nees. India. Kan. Kadu navane hullu 

■oSlSi pjoifi ^"S^^. 

6 nutans, Ketz. India. Kan. Kadu jade navane 

hullu. '^s^i* 2^^? ^Srfjt ^^^3. 

7 ciliaris, Link. India. Kan. Kadu kambu hullu 

CO ' 

8 unioloides. 

9 bifaria, India. Kan. Jari hullu. aso s^gx). 

10 Tennisina, India., ^ffl»». Kadu gasagase hullu 

=532^3 rtSirtTS SoOgJO. 

11 innoloides. 
32 Leersia, Hedw. 

1 hexandra, Sev. India. -Kftw. Kadu bili sajjabu. 
hullu. '^'^ 83V ^SassOj ^ogn. 



228 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 

33 ChamserapMs, E. Br. 

1 hordeacea, H-B. Br. India. Kan. Niru baragu 
hullu. "^^^ aicirio 5oo^. 

34 Imperata, Ctbill. 

1 arundinacea, Cyr. India. Kan. Sanna dabbe 
hullu. ?^«|j rf^ ^^\ 

35 Gymnothrix, Palis. 

1 alopecurus, Nees. India. Kan. Nose hullu. 

36 Spodiopogon, Tein. 

1 obliquivalvis, Nees. India. Kan. Mobbu gan- 
jala garike hullu. ^Sjaa^^ t^o&ju ACt? ^og^. 

37 Heteropogon, Pees. 

1 contortus, AH. India. Kan. Kari vunagada 
hullu. =so sgsirtzJ s^w3. 

38 Elytrophorus, Palis. 

1 articulatus, \i. Br. India. 

39 Anthisteria, Linn. 

1 ciliata, Retz. India. Knn. Gantu kachi (Niile?) 
hullu, i^oWj =5=saS (c3asS\ soi^j. 

40 Kemarthria, K Be. 

] compressa, E. Br. India. Kan. Sunku dabbe 
hullu. !^oo*o rs^^ ^a^i. 

41 Arundinella, Eaddl 

1 setosa, Trin. India. Kan. Hakki varji hulM. 

2 pilosa. 

42 Eleusine, Gaeet. 

X coracana, Gaert. India. Kan. Bigi. iss^ The 

staple grain of Mysore. 
2 indiea, Gaert. Inwa. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALOEB, 229 

43 Avena, Linn. 

1 elatior, Linn. Oat Grass. Eueope. © 

44 Briza, Linn. 

1 maxima, Linn. Quaking Grass. Europe. 

45 DactyliSjLiNN. Cocksfoot Grass. 

I 
1 glomerata fol, variegata. Etjbope. 

46 Lolium, Linn. 

1 perenne tenus, Linn. Darnel Bye Grass. 
Europe. 

47 Heleochloa, Host. 

1 species. India. Kan. Jandu huUu. ^<^ ^^^^. 
TKIBE BAMBUSACE^. 

48 DendrocalaniTis, Nees. 

1 Hamiltoni. 

49 Arundinaria, Mich. 

1 Khasyana ? 

2 species. 

50 Bam'busa, Scsrzb. Bamboo. 

1 arnndinacea, Eetz. Common prickly. India. 

T Kan. Bidiru. sazStJa. 

2 stricta, Roxb. Boarspear or Male Bamboo, 

Bengal, t Kan. Gandu bidiru, ^'^^^ sScSrfo, 

3 gigantea, Wall. Burma, t 

4 viJgaris, Wendl. Ceylon, t The Golden Bam- 

boo. 

5 species t 

51 Beesha, Eheedb. 

1 Rheediij Kuntli, Quill Bamboo. India. 

2 fol. yariegata. India. 

58 



230 CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



CLASS I¥ CEYPTOGAMS, 



Order CXXXIX. 

FILICES. 

THE FERN FAMILY. 

This large Order of herbs afld trees is represented 
in nearly all parts of the inhabited globe, but its ar- 
borescent forms^— tree ferns — are confined to tropical and 
sub-tropical regions. Being much domesticated in gar- 
dens, it follows that the student can easily procure liv- 
ing specimens for dissection and study. Ferns are 
flowerless plants. 

1 Acrostichum, Linn. 

1 appendiculatum. Willd. India. 

2 aureum, Linn. Trop. and Sub-teop regions. 

3 axilJare, Cav. Trop. Asia. 

4 lanceolatum, Hook. Trop. Asia. 

5 scandens, 

6 variable. Hook. Trop. Asia. 

7 virens. WaU, TfibP. Asia. 

8 species. 

2 Actinoptieris, Link, The Miniaiwe Palm Fern. 

1 radiata, Link. India, 

3 Adiantum, Linn. Maiden-Hair Fern. 

1 diaphenum, Blume. N. Zealand. 

2 formqsum, R. Br. Australia. 

3 macropbyllum, Sw. Tbop. Amee, 

4 ,j variegatum. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALOKE. 231 

5 pectinatum, 

6 tenerum; Sw. Teop. Ahee. 

7 gracjle ? 

8 caudatum, Linn. Tbopics everywhere. 

9 aethiopicum, 

10 capillus-veneris, Linn. Teop. and Temp, re- 

gions. 

11 lunulatum, Burm. Teopics everywhere. 

12 cuneatum, L. and F. Tbop. Amee. 

13 ' „ var. gracillimum. Teop. Amee. 

14 hispidulum, Sw. Teopics or Old "Woeld. 

15 Farleyense. 

16 intermedium, Sw, Teop. Amee. 

17 Mooreii, Teop. Amee. 

18 venustran, Teop. Amee. 

19 decorum, Moore. Teop. Amee. 

20 tinctum, Moore. Teop. Amee. 

21 trapeziforme, I4im. Teop. Amee. 

22 „ variety. 

23 concinnura, H. B. K. Teop. Amee. 

24 rhodophyllum. 

25 vUlosum, 

26 Santa Oatherinse. 

27 La grande. 

28 Funckii- . 

29 tetraphyllum. 

30 fragrantissima. 

31 spedes No. 1. 

32 species, No. 2. 

4 Alsophila, K. Be. Tree Fern. 

1 latebrosa. 

5 Anemia, Swaetz. 

1 tomentosa, Sw. Teop. Amee. 

6 Angiopteris, Hoppm. 

1 ^veeta, Hoffm. India, &c, 



232 CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 

7 Aspidium, Swaktz. Shield or Wood Fern. 

1 aculeatum, Sw. Cosmopolitan. 

2 auriculatum, Sw. East Indies. 

3 falcatum, Sw, Japan, &c. 

4 membr^naceum, Hook. Txiop. Asia. 

8 Asplenium, Linn. Spleenwort. 

1 japonicum, Thanb. Japan. 

2 lasiopteris, 

3 latifolium, Don. Tbop. Asia. 

4 lunulatum, 

5 nidus, L. Trop. 0. Woeld. Birds Nest Fern. 

6 formosum, Willd. Trop. Amee. 

7 furcatum, Thunb. Teop. and Sitb-teop. re- 

gions. 

8 variens. 

9 elongatum, Hook. 

10 digophyllum, 

11 polypodioides, Mett. Teop. Asia. 

12 resectam, 

13 sylvaticuna, Presl. Teopics. 

14 ventatum, 

15 esculentum, Pcesl. Teop. Asia. 

16 zeylanicam, Hook. Ceylon. 

17 tenuifolium, 

18 ensiforme, 

19 dimorphum, Hze. Noepolk" Island. 

20 bulbiferum, Forst. Australia, &c. 

9 Athyrium, Xa% Fern. 

1 falcatum. 

10 Bleclmum, Linn. Hard Fern. 

1 cartilaginsumj Sw. Australia. 

2 occidentale, L. Trop. Amer. 

3 oriontale. India. 

4 longifolium, H. B. K. Trop. Amer. 



BOaiAKICAL GAEDEN, BANGALOEE. 233 

11 Ceropteris. 

1 thalictroidgs. 

12 Oheilanthus, Sw. 

1 farinosa, Kaulf. Teopics everywhere. 

2 mysorensis. 

3 tenuifelia. 

13 Cyrtomium, 

1 falcatum, Sw. 

2 5, var. caryotideum. Wall. 

14 Davallla, Smith. 

1 fijiensis-plumosa. Fiji. Isds. 

2 platypbylla, Don. Bast Indies. 

3 Speluncse, Baker. Teopics, cosmopolitan. 

4 strigosa, Sw. T^pp. and Sub-tbop. Asia. 

5 tenuifelia, Sw. Teopics of Old Woeld. 

15 Doodia, E. Be, 

1 media, K. Br. Austealia and N. Zealand. 

16 Drynaria, Peesl, 

1 quercifolia. (See Folypodium quercifoUum.) 

17 Gleiehenia, Smith. 

1 dichotoma, Willd. Teop. and Sub-teop. Cos- 
mopolitan. 

18 Goniopteris, Peesl. 

1 prolifera. 

19 Gymnogramma, Best. 

1 Bulphurea. J>m. Golden Fern, West Indies- 

59 



234 CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 

2 tartarea, Deev. Silver Fern. Teop. Ampr. 

3 caloraelanoB, Kaulf. Teop. Ameb. 

20 Hemionitis, L 

1 cordata, Eoxb. East Indies. 

21 Hemitelia, E. Br. 

1 Burmiana. 

22 Hypolepis, Benth. 

1 species. 

23 Lastrea, Prebl. 

1 sparsa. (See Nephrodiumsparsum.) 

2 elongata. 

3 hirtipes. 

24r Lindssea, Dry. 

1 cultrata, Sw..Teop. and Sub-teop. Asia. 

25 Lomaria, Willd. * 

1 gibba, Lab. N. Caledonia. 

26 Lygodium, Sw. Climbing Fern: 

1 scandens, Sw. Trop; &c. Old iWobld. 

2 japcaaieuiajSw. Tropics, &g,6ld Wobld. 

27 Nephrodium, Rich. 

1 cicutaFimB, Baker. TiEOPios. CoamQpoBtan. 

2 conterminiura. 

3 cuspidatum, 

4 disseetum, 

5 giganteum, Baker. Tbop. Asia. 

6 polymorphum, Baker. Trop. Asia, &c. 

7 prolixum, Ba^ee.Teop. tA^iA. 

8 remotnm. 

3 6etigeruni,'Bak«r. Japan and Tbop. Asia. 



BOTANICAL GARDEN, BANGALORE. 235 

10 sparsum, Desv. Trqp. Asia. 

11 syrmaticum, Baker. Trop. Asia. 

12 Thelypteris, Desv. N. and S. temp. ZojfES. 

13 unitum, R. Br. Trop. and Sub-trop. regions. 

14 moUe, Desv. Cosmopolitan. 

15 propingum. 

16 extensum. 

17 species. (A monster). 

28 Nephrolepis, Schott. 

1 tuberosa, Presl. 

2 hirsfltula, Pregl. 

3 exaltata, Schott. Tropics eveijy where. 
, 4 acuta, Presl. Tropics everywhere. 

5 , „ variety ttircans. 

6 cordifoha, Baker. Tropics everywhere. 

7 „ var. Duffii. 

8 species, (a monster). 

29 Niphobolus, Kaule, 

1 adnacens. 

30 Onyclimm, Kaule. 

1 aurg,tum. 

2 japonicum, Kze. Japan and Himalaxas. 

31 Ophipglossum, L. 

1 vu%atum, L. Cosmopolitan. 

32 o^murwia, L. 

1 -regalis, L. Royal Fern. N, anp S, temp, re- 
gions. 

33 Pellsea, Link. 

1 faleatg., Eee. Ab;stralia,.,&c. 

2 geranisefolia, Fee, Tropics, cosmopolitan, 

34 Pleopeltis. 

1 nuda. 



236 CATALOGtJE 01" PLANTS. 

35 Polybotrya, H. ET. B. 

1 auriculata. 

36 Polypodium, L. 

1 aureijin, L. Trop. Amee. ~ 

2 liorhizon, "Wall. Teop, Asia. 

3 longissimura, Blume. Malay. 

4 pbymatodes, L. Tropics Asia and Africa. 

5 Powellii, 

6 quercifolium, L. Trop. Asia, &c. 

7 tissum. 

8 nigrocarpum. 

9 omatum. 

10 irioides, Lam. Trop. and Sijb-Teop. Old 

WOELD. 

11 tenericaule. 

12 species. 

37 Pteris, Linn. 

1 serrulata, L. China and Japan. 

2 „ var. cristata. 

3 trenmla, B. Br. Australia. 

4 tripartitaj Sw. Tropics of Old World. 

5 ludens. 

6 longifolia, L. Trop. and Sub-trop. regions. 

7 cretica, L. Teop. and Sub-teop, regions. 

S „ var. albo-linea.ta, Hort. Teop. and 
guB-TROP, regions. 

9. qnjbdriatirita, Eetz. Tropics everywhere. 

10 argyrea, Moore. Tropics every where. 

11 tricolor. 

12 crenata, Sw. Trop. Asia, &c. Polynesia. 

13 teasellata, i: 

14 species. 

15 species. 



BOTANICAL GAEDEN, BANGALOEB. 237 

38 Sagenia, Pbesl. 

1 gigantea. 

39 Scolopendrium, Smith. 

1 vulgare var. cristata, Sm. M. temp. Zone. 



Oedee CXL. 

LYGOPODIACEyE- 

THE CLUB-MOSS FAMILT. 

1 Lycopodium, Linn. 

1 phlegmaria, Linn. India. 

2 species. 

2 Selaginella, Spekng. 

1 laevigata, Baker. Mascaeen Islands. 

2 uBcinata. Spr. China. 

3 Kraussiana, A. Br. Cape. G. Hope. 

4 viticulosa, Klotz. Teop. Amee. 

5 denticulata, Link. Europe. 

6 caulescens, Spr. Teop. Asia, 

7 insequalifolia, Spr. Teop. Asia. 

8 'WildinGvii, Bakbe. Teop. Asia. 

9 flagellifera. 

10 araoena. 

11 species No. 1. 

12 species No. 2. 

13 species No. 3. 



239 



ADDENDA. 



Asparagus sp. Natal, c LiliaceEe. 

Burchellia capensis, E. Be. C. G. Hope, t Rubiacese. 

Castilloa elastica. Centeal. America. American Rubber Tree. 

Urticea9. 
Cedrela odorata, Linn. West Indies and Cent. Amee. West 
InMan Gedar. MellaceSB. 

Crocosnaia aurea, Planch. C. G. Hope, ir Iridaceas. 
Dalechampia capensis. Natal. Euphorbiacese. 
Dioscorea sp. Natal, c Dioscoreaoese. 
Dombeya nataiensis, SoND. Poet. Natal, s Sterculiacese. 
Dracaena latifoiia. S. Apeica. s Liliacese. 

Erythrina CalEra. > Eeceived frona Natal. 

„ latissima. ) Leguminosse. 

Gloriosa virescens, Lindl. Mosambique. c LiliaceSB, 

Jasmiuum streptopus. Apeica. c Oleaceae. 
Momordica invoiucrata. Natal. Cucurbitacese. 
Osmanthus iiicifoiius. China, s Oleaceae. 
Peddiea afEricana, Harv. Natal. Thymelacese. 

Piscidia erythrina, Ljnn. S. Apeica. LegUminosSB. 

Schmidelia meianocarpa. S. Apeica. Sapindacese. 
Sechium eduie, Sw. Teop. Amee. Ohocho. CucurbitaceEB. 
Strobilanthes gossypinus, T. Anders. India, s Acanthaceae. 

„ Lawsoniana. s India. 

Tephrosia grandiflora. LeguminossB. 

Vepris lanceolata. Apeica. Rutaceffl 



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Alphabetical list of the named Orotons 
in the collection. 



1 Alexandra.* 

2 Amabilis.f 

3 Andreanus.* 

4 Angnstifolium giganteum.* 

5 Appendiculatus.f 

6 Aucubaefolium.* 

7 AureTiin.* 

8 Australian Longifolium.* 

9 Baptistii.* 

fO Baron Frank Selliere.* 

11 Baron James De Roth- 

schild.* 

12 Barton "Westii* 

13 Beauty. 

C 

14 Camptophyllum.f 

15 Challenger (Imperator.)* 

16 ChelsOni.t 

17 Concinnus.* 

18 Contortus.t 

19 Cooperii No. 1.* 

20 „ No. 2.* 

21 Comutum.t 

D 

22 Day Spring.* 

23 Dormanianus.* 

24 Duchess of Edinburgh.f 

25 Duke of Connaught. 

26 Duke of Edinburgh.! 



E 



29 Bvanaeana.* 

30 Excelsior.* 

F 

31 Poxii No. l.t 

32 „ No. 2. 

33 Furcatus.f 

G 

34 Gladstonei.* 

35 Grioriosus* (sep Princess of 

Wales.) 

36 Goldiana.f 

37 Grande.* 

38 Grotesque, t 

H 

39 Hawkerii.* 

40 Hendersonii.* 

41 Henryeanus.* 

42 Hillianus.f 

43 Hookerii.f 

44 Hybridum. 



45 Illustris.f 

46 Imperial Hector. 

47 Imperialis.f 

48 Insignis. 

49 Interruptum.f 
60 Irregalare.* 



27 Elegans. 

28 Elegantigsimuiu.t 



61 Jamesii.f 

62 Johaunis.f 



XVIU 



LIST 01" CROTONS. 



K 


Q 


53 Kingianus.* 


86 Queen Victoria.* 


L 


87 Eegina. 


54 Lady Zetland.f 


88 Recurvifolius No. 1.* 


55 Lancifolium. 


89 „ No. 2.* 


56 Lim'batum.t 


90 Rex. 


57 Lineare. 


91 Rosea picta.f 


68 Longifolium.t 


92, Rotundifolia.* 


59 LordRipon* 




60 Lowii (Handburyanus).* 


S 


M 


93 Schomburgkiana (Gml- 




foyle).* 


61 Maoartliiiri Nos. 2, 11, 37, 


94 Sir Ashly Eden.* 


66 & 85. 


95 Spiralis.f 


62 Macfarlamei. 


96 Splendidus. 


63 Macfeanus.* 


97 Sunrise. 


64 Maculata-.t 


98 Sunset.* 


65 Magnolifolius* 


T 


66 Maharajah of Durhunga.* 




67 Majesticuni.t 


99 Torquatus.t 


68 Maxima* 


100 Trilobus, Albertii.* 


69 Metallicum. 


101 „ Disraelii.* . 


70 MirabilTR * 


102 „ Earl of Derby.* 


71 Mooreamis.* 


103 „ Lord Cairns.* 


72 Morti.* 


104 Triumphans.* 


73 Multicolor* 


105 TrufEantianus.* 


74 MutabiliH (Princeps:)t 

N 

75 Nestor. 


U 
106 Undulatum. Veitch.-f" 


V 


76 New Guinea.* 




77 Nobilis. 


107 Variabilis.t 





108 Variegatmn.t 


78 Oblongffblium. 


109 Veitchianum.t 


79 Ovalifolius.t' 


110 Veitchii.* 
,111 Vittatus.* 


P 


112 Volutum.t 




113 Volutus Splendens.f 


80 Paradoxus. 


, •' 


81 Pictum, Hort.t 


W 


82 PiotTiratus.f 




83 Prince Albert Victor. 


114 Warrenii.* 


84 Prince of Wales.* 


115 Waahingtonii, 


86 Princess of Wales.* 


116 Weismanii.t 



LIST 05" CEOTONS. 



XIX 



W 

117 White shade. 

118 Williamsii.* 

119 Wilsonii. 



120 Toungii No. 1.* 

121 „ No. 2.* 

122 „ No. 3.* 



* Varieties having very fine leaves, and usually requiring 
same protection from the sun and wind. 

t Plants with smaller leaves. As a class these require less 
protection from sun and wind than the larger leaved varieties. 
But nearly all Crotons relish a little shade. 



INDEX OF OHDEES AND GENERA. 



Page. 



Page. 



Abies 


181 


Alismacese — 


211 


Abroma 


25 


Allium 


204 


Abras 


50 


Allophylus 


42 


Abutilon 


ao 


.Alocasia 


213 


Acacia 


62 


Aloe 


205 


Acalypha 


169 


Aloysia 


146 


Acanthaceae ... 


137 


Allmania 


153 


Acanthus 


J40 


Alpinia 


192 


Achillea 


98 


Alseodaphne 


162 


Achimeues 


134 


Alsophila 


'231 


Achras 


107 


Alstonia 


112 


Achyranthus 


155 


Altei'Danthera 


155 


Acorus 


213 


Althea 


19 


Acrocarpus 


62 


AlysioarpuB 


49 


Aorostichum 


230 


Aniarantacese 


153 


Actinopteris 


230 


Aniaraiitus 


153 


Adansonia 


23 


Amaryllideae 


196 


Adenanthera 


61 


Amaryllis 


197 


Adenostemma 


94 


Amherstia 


59 


Adenum 


114 


Ammaunia 


73 


Adhatoda 


142 


Amomum 


193 


Adiantum 


230 


Amorphopballus ... 


214 


Adina 


88 


AmpelidesB ... 


40 


^climea 


199 


Ampelopsis 


41 


JEgle 


34 


Amphilophium 


136 


^ginetia 


132 


AnacardiacesB 


43 


.2Eschynanthuis 


133 


Anacardium 


43 


iEschynomeue 


49 


Anagallis 


105 


JErides 


189 


Anamirta 


5 


^rua 


155 


Ananassa 


200 


Agapanthus 


203 


Anaphalis 


96 


Agave 


198 


Anatherium 


225 


Ageratum 


94 


Anchusa 


121 


Aglaonema 


213 


Anda 


170 


^ilaatus 


34 


Andrographis 


141 


AlaDginm 


87 


Andropogou 


223 


Albizzia 


,63 


Aneilema 


207 


Aleurites 


168 


Anemia 


231 


Alkmanda 


113 


Angelooia 


131 



XXI 



INDEX OF ORDEBS AND GENEKA, 



Page. 



Angiopteris ■•• 

AngrsecTim 

AnisocbiluB 

AnisoDTieles 

AnogeissuB 

Anona 

Anonacese 

Anthericum 

Anthisteria 

Authocephalus 

Antholyza 

AnthriBCUB 

Anthurium 

Autidesma 

Antigonon :•• 

Antirrhinum 

Aphelandra 

Apium 

Apluda 

Apocynace» — 

Aqjiilegia 

Arachis ••• 

Aralia 

Araliacese 

Araucaria 

Ardisia 

Areca •■>• 

Arenga 

Argemone ... 

Argyranthemum ... 

Argyreia 

Ariseema 

Aristida 

Aristolochia 

Aristolocliiacese 

Arracacia 
Artabotrys 

AroidesB 

Artemiaa 

Artocarpus 

Arum 

Arundinaiia 

Arundinella 

Arundina 

Asclepiadacese 



Aiparagua 



231 


Aspidistra 


191 


Aspidium 


148 


Aspidopterys 


150 


Asplenium 


69 


Aster 


4 


A sy stasia 


3 


Atalantia 


203 


Athyrium 


228 


Atriplex 


88 


Atyloaa 


196 


Avena 


85 


Averrhoa 


214 


Azima 


167 




159 


B. 


129 




143 


Balamtes 


8t 


Baloghia 


224 


Balsaminese 


110 


Balsamodendron 


2 


Bambusa 


50 


Banisteria 


86 


Barleria 


85 


Barringtoma 


181 


Basella 


106 


BasBia 


208 


Batratherum 


208 


Baubinia 


7 


Beaumontia 


101 


Beesba 


123 


Begonia 


214 


Begoniacese 


225 


Bellis 


160 


Benincasa 


159 


Benthamia 


85 


BerberidesB 


4 


Berberis 


212 


Berrya 


98 


Beta 


176 


Bidens 


214 


Bignonia 


229 


Bignoniacese 


228 


Billardiera 


188 


Billbergia 


114 


Biophytum 


115 


Bixa 


238, 204 


Bizinese 



Page. 

204 
232 

28 

232 

, 95 

140 

33 
232 
156 

53 
229 

31 
110 



34 

170 

30 

35 

229 

28 

140 

7J 

157 

107 

226 

59 

113- 

229 

80 

80 

101 

78 

87 

5 

5 

26 

156 

98 

135 

134 

13 

200 

30 

11 

11 



INDEX OP OBDBRS AND GENEBA. 



XXU 



Page. 



Page. 



Blainvillea 


97 


Cassalpiniese .•• 


56 


Blechrium 


232 


Cajanus 


53 


Blepharis 


139 


Caladium 


215 


Bletia 


191 


Calamus 


210 


Bluinea 


95 


Calandrinia 


15 


Blyxa 


183 


Calanthe 


188 


Boehmeria 


177 


Calceolaria 


131 


BcErhaavia 


152 


Calendula 


99 


Bombax 


23 


Calla 


213 


Boraginese 


120 


CalUcarpa 


144 


Borago 


122 


Calliopsis 


101 


Borassus 


208 


Callistemon 


70 


Boswellia 


35 


Callistephus 


95 


Boucerosia 


117 


Calodecdrum 


34 


Bougainvillea 


152 


Calophanes 


139 


Brachycome 


95 


Calophyllum ... 


17 


Braohystelma 


116 


Calotropis 


115 


BrasBaia 


86 


Camellia 


17 


Brassica 


8 


Campanula 


104 


Breynia 


167 


Campanulacese 


103 


Bridelia 


166 


Caoavalia 


62 


Briza 


229 


CandoUea 


2 


Bromelia 


200 


Camia 


194 


Bromeliacese ••• 


199 


Cannibis 


172 


BrouEBODetia 


173 


Canscora 


119 


Browallia 


131 


Canthium 


90 


Brownea 


56 


Capparidese ... 


9 


BrngmauBia 


128 


Capparis 


10 


BruufelBJa 


132 


Caprifoliacese... 


87 


Bryonia 


79 


CapBslla 


9 


Bryophyllum 


66 


Capsicum 


127 


Buchanania 


43 


Caralluma 


117 


Buddleia 


117 


Cardamine 


8 


Bulbophyllum 


187 


Cardiospermnm 


42 


Burchellia 


238 


Careya 


71 


Bursaria 


13 


Carica 


77 


Bursera 


36 


Carissa • 


111 


BurseraceaB ... 


35 


Carthamus 


99 


Butea 


51 


Carum 


84 


Buxus 


166 


CaryophyllesB... 


13 


- 




Caryota 


208 


c. 




Cassia 


68 






Castanospermum ... 


66 


Cacalia 


101 


Castilloa 


238 


CactesB 


81 


Casnarina 


178 


Cadaba 


10 


CasuarinesB ... 


177 


Csesalpma 


56 


Catalpa 


13S 



xxm 



INDEX OF ORDERS AND GENERA. 



Page. 



Catesbxa 
Cedrela 

CelastrinesB ■•• 

Celastrus^ 

CeloEia 

Celsia 

(.'eltis 

Centaurea 

Centratherum 

Cephalandra 

Cephalostigma 

Gerastium 

Ceralonia 

Ceratophyllese 

Ceratophyllum 

Cerbera 

Gereus 

Ceropegia 

Ceropteris 

Chamserapbis 

GhaniaeropB 

Cheilanthes 

Cheiranthus 

ChenopodiacesB 

Chenopodium 

Ghickrassia 

Cbloris 

Chloroxyloil 

Ghrozophora 

Chrysanthemum ... 

Chrysophyllura 

Ohrysopogon 

Cicca 

Cicer 

Cichorium 

Ginchoca 

Cineraria 

CiDnamomum ' 

CipadesBa 

Citbarexylum 

Oilrus 

CitruUuB 

Clarkia .. 

Claueeua 

ClematiB 

SUome 



Page- 



92 


Slerodendron 


145 


238, 37 


Clianthus 


55 


38 


Clitoria 


52 


39 


Dlusia 


17 ■ 


153 


Cobaea 


119 


129 


Cooooloba 


159 


172 


Cocoulus 


5 


99 


Cocblospermum 


11 


93 


Cocos 


209 


79 


Codiseum 


169 


103 


Coelogyne 


188 


14 


Coffea 


01 


60 


Cois 


224 


179 


Cola 


24 


179 


Coldenia 


121 


111 


Coleus 


148 


82 


Collinsia 


131 


116 


Colubrina 


40 


233 


Colvillea 


60 » 


228 


Combretacese... 


68 


208 


Combretum 


69 


233 


Commelyna 


207 


8 


CommelynacesB 


206 


156 


Compositse ... 


93 


156 


Convolviilaceae 


122 


37 


Convolvulus 


124 


225 


Oonyza 


95 


37 


CorchoruB 


27 


169 


Coniferse 


180 


98 


Cordia 


120 


107 


Coriandrum 


85 


224 


Comacese 


87 


167 


Cornug 


87 


50 


Coronopua 


8 


100 


Corypha 


209 


91 


Cosmos 


101 


102 


Costus ... 


192 


162 


Cotula 


98 


37 


Cotyledon 


67 


146 


Couroupita 


71 


33 


Courtdsia 


220 


78 


Crassulacese ... 


66 


75 


CratsBva 


10 


33 


Crescentia 


13f7 


1 


Cresceiitiaoese 


137 


9 


Cmum 


197 



INDEX OF OKDEES AND GENEEA. 



XXV 



Crocosmia 
Orossandra 
Crotalaua 
Croton 

Cruciferse 

Cityptolepis 

Cryptomeria 

CjJjptostegia 

Cucumis 

Cucurbita 

Cacurbitac3S3 

Cnminum 

Cupliea 

Cupressus 

CupulifersB 

Curcuiigo 

CnTmeria 

Curcuma 

Cusouta 

Gyamopsis 

Cyanotis 

CJyicadacese .. 

Cycas 

Cyclamen 

Gylisla 

Gyiiibidium 

Cymbopogon 

Oynanchum 

Cynara 

Oypodon 

Gynoglossum 

Gyperacese . 

Gyperus , , 
Gyphomandra 
Cypripedium 

Gyirtandreae ■ 

Gyrtanthera 
Gyrtaothus 
Gyrtomium 
Cyrtopera 



D. 



Dactylis 
riactyloctenium 
Daedalacanthus 
Pasmia 



> Fage. 

238 

UO 

46 

168 

7 

114 

182 

114 

78 

79 

77 

85 

74 

180 

178 

198 

217 

193 

125 

47 

206 

183 

182 

105 

53 

189 

224. 

lliS. 

102 

22.5 

122 

218 

219 

1.26, 

ISjO 

133 

143 

198 

233 

189 



229 
226 
139, 
115. 



Fage. 



Dahlia 


102 


Dalbergia 


54 


Dalechampia 


238, 170 


Dammara 


181 


Datura 


127 


Daucus 


85 


Davallia 


233 


Debregeasia 


177 


Decascbistia 


21 


Deeringia 


153 


Del™ a . 


2 


Delpbiiiium 


2 


Dendrobium 


184. 


DendrooalamuB 


229 


Derris 


55 


DesnianlhuB 


61 


Desm odium 


49 


Dianthus 


14 


Dichrocepbala 


94 


Dichrostachys 


61 


Dittlipteia 


142 


Diesma 


100 


Dictyosperma 


210 


Dieffenbachia 


216 


Digera 


153 


DilleniacesB •■■ 


2- 


Dillenia 


2 


Dipsoorea 


288, 201 


Dioscoreacese 


200: 


Diospyros ■ 


108 


Dipladenia 


113 


Dipsacese 


92 


Dipsacus 


92 


Djpterocarpese 


18 


Dodonasa 


42 


Dolichandrone 


136. 


Dolichos 


53 


Dombeya 


238, 25. 


Doodia 


- 283 


Dorstenia 


173 


Doryanthea 


198 


Dracsena 


238, 205 


Drosera , 


,67 


Droseracese — 


67 


Dl^ynaria 


233 


Dur^anta 


-146 



XIVl 



INDEX OP OEDEES AND GENEEA. 



Fage. 



Page. 



Durio 


23 


Euchlaena 


... 


221 


Dypsis 


211 


Eugenia 


... 


71 


Djsophylla „, 


148 


Engesnerese ... 


134 






Enlophia 


... 


'189 


E. 




Euonyraus 


... 


59 






Eupatorium 


... 


94 


Ebenaceae 


107 


Euphorbia 


... 


166 


Eobolium 


142 


EuphorbiacesB 


165 


Echeveria 


67 


Eustrephus 


... 


206 


Echinocactua 


82 


Evolvulus 


... 


125 


EchinopB 


99 


Exacum 


... 


118 


Echites 


113 


Exocecaria 


*•• 


170 


Eclipla 


97 


Exogonium 


tta 


125 


Ehretia 


121 








EiseagnacesB ... 


164 




F. 




Elseagnus 


364 








Eljeis 


210 


Fagopyrura 


... 


158 


Elseooarpus 


27. 


Fagreea 


• •. 


118 


ElsBodendron 


39 


Farlugiura 


• •» 


100 


Eleiolis 


49 


Feronia 


• ■• 


34 


Elephantopua 


94 


Ficoidese 


... 


82 


Elettaria 


193 


Ficus 


■ •• 


173 


Eleiisine 


228 


Filago 


■ a. 


96 


Elytrophorus 


228 


Filices 


• •■ 


230. 


Embelia 


106 


Filicinm 


• ■■ 


36 


Etnex 


158 


Fittonia 


• •• 


143 


Emilia 


99 


Flacourtia 


• «. 


12 


Encephalartus 


182 


Flauria 


,,, 


100 


Jilpiphyllum 


82 


Flemingia 


■ ■• 


54 


Eragrostis 


227 


Fleurya 


... 


176 


Eranthcmam 


140 


Flupggia 


■ •■ 


167 


Eria 


187 


Foeniculum 


• •• 


84 


Erigeron 


95 


Fouroroya (see 


FurorKa) 


199 


Eriobotrya 


65 


Fragaria 


• •• 


64 


Eriocaulon 


218 


Franciscea 


• «« 


132 


Eriocaulonese 


218 


Frenela 


... 


181 


Eriodeodrou 


23 


Fuchsia 


... 


75 


Eriolsena 


24 


Fumaria 


... 


7 


Ervum 


50 


FumariacesB ... 


7 


Erypibe 


122 








Erysimum 


8 




G. 




Erythraea 


118 








Erythrina 


238, 51 


Gaillardia 


■ ■. 


101 


Erythroxylon 


27 


Galactia 


a.a 


51 


Eucalyptus' 


70 


Garcinia 


• ■■ 


16 


Eucharis 


198 


Gardenia 


• ■• 


89 



Tage. 



Garaga 


35 


Gauzuma 


25 


Gazauia 


101 


Gelonium 


170 


Genista 


45 


Gentianaceae •» 


118 


Geraniacese •■• 


29 


Gesnera 


134 


Gesneraceae ... 


133 


Girardinia 


176 


Givotia 


169 


Gladiolus 


196 


Gleditscbia 


57 


Gleichenia 


233 


Glochidion 


167 


Gloriosa 


238, 203 


Gloxinia 


134 


Glycine 


51 


Glyoosmis 


32 


Gmelica 


145 


Gnaphalium 


96 


Godelia 


76 


Goldfnssia 


139 


Goraphocarpus 


117 


Gomphostemma 


151 


Gotnphrena 


155 


Goniopterls 


233 


Goodia 


55 


GoBsypium 


22 


GraminesB ... 


220 


Grangea 


94 


Graptophyllum 


142 


Grevillea 


163 


Grewia 


26 


Guaiaoutn 


29 


Giiizotia 


97 


GuttifersB 


16 


Gyranema 


115 


Gymnogramraa 


233 


Gymnosporia 


39 


Gvmnostachyutn ... 


141 


Gymnothrix 


228 


Gjnandropsis 


10 


G^nocardia 


12 


Gynura 


98 



AND aBNERA. 


xxvu 




Tage. 


H. 




Habeoaria 


190 


Habrothammis 


128 


Beeraanthus 


1P8 


Hsematoxylon 


60 


Hakea 


163 


HaloragesB .. 


68 


Hamelia 


91 


Hardmckia 


69 


Hedera 


86 


Hedychiutn 


192 


Hedyotis 


89 


Hedysarum 


48 


Heimia 


74 


Helenium 


101 


Heleochloa 


229 


Helianfhus 


102 


Helichrysum 


96 


Helicia 


163 


Ueliconia 


19'5 


H'.'licteres 


24 


Heliotropium 


121 


Hemaribria 


228 


Hemerocallis 


197 


Hemidesmns 


114 


Hemigrapbis 


139 


Hemionites 


234 


Hemitelia 


234 


Heptapleurum 


86 


Heradeum 


85 


Heritiera 


24 


Hernandia 


162 


Herpestis 


129 


Heterophragma ... 


136 


Heteropogon 


228 


Heterotrichum 


72 


Hevea 


171 


Uewittia 


124 


Heylandia 


46 


Hibiscus 


21 


Hiptage 


28^ 


Hoffmama ... 


92 


Holarrhera 


112 


Holmskioldia 


146 


Hopsa ,., 


18 



xxViu 



INDEX OP OEDEES AKD GENEEA. 



Page. 



Hoppea ••• ■ 

Hoya 

Humboldlia 

Hamulus 

Hura 

HydnocarpuB 

Hydrangea 

Uydrilla 

Hydrooera 

JHEydrocharidesB 

Hydrocotyle 
Hydrolea 

HydrophyllacesB 

Bygrophila 
Hyuiensea 
HymeDosporam 
Hyophorbe ... 

Hyoscyamus 

iSypericineSB ... 

Hypericum ' ... 



HyBBopus 



Iberis 

lohnocarpus 
liex 

IlicinesB 

llysaDthes 

Impatiens 

Imperata 

Ibdifeotera 

Ibmdium 

IjporiiEea 

IresTne 

iridaceas 

If is 

I^a'chne 
I^olepiB 
Ixora 



Jacquemoutia 
Jk(!g^uiDia 



118 


Jasmibum 


116 


Jatropha 


59 


Juniperus 


172 


Jussisea 


170 


Justicia • 


12' 




66 


K. 


183 




31 


Ksempferia 


183 


Kalanchoe 


84 


Kentia 


120 


Kigelia 


119 


Kleinhovia 


138 


Klugia 


59 


Khbxia 


13 


Kbpsja 


210 


Kydia- 


1'28 


EyWingia 


16 




16 


L. 


234 




149 


Labiatse 




liactuca 




Latensia 




Lagarosiphon 


9 


Ltfgascea 


113 


l:agenaria 


38 


Ldgerstroemia 


38 


liaggera 


IbO 


Lagiioaria 


31 


iJaiidoIphia 


228' 


LaDtaca 


47' 


Laj/ageria 


11 


iLap'pago 


123 


jLastrea 


155 ■ 


La-ihyrus 


1&5' 


LauracesB 


196' 


Lavatera 


225 : 


Ea'vandula 


220' 


LaMtFsoma 


90' 


lieea , 




Leet'sia 




Legtuuinosse • 




Lemna 


125 


iLeoDorus 


106- 


LeoBotis 



Page. 

238, 109 

168 

18'1 

75 

141 



192 

66 
210 
137 

24 
134 

go- 
Ill 

23 
220 



146 

lOO 

74 

183 

97 

77 

74 

95 

23 

113 

143 

202 

225 

234 

50 

161 

19 

148 

73 

41 

22T 

45 

217 

150' 

150 



INDEX OF OEDEES ANB GEKEKA. 



XXIX 



Page. 



Lepidagalhis 


141 


Lepidium 


9 


Leptadenia 


116 


Leptochloa 


226 


Leltsomia 


123 


Leucas 


150 


Leuceena ... 


61 


Licuala 


210 


Ligustrum 


110 


■ Xiiliacese 


202 


Lilium 


202 


Linmanthemum 


119 


Limnophyla 


129 


Xiimonia ••• 


33 


Linaria 


129 


Lindsaea 


284 


Linese 


27 


Linum 


27 


Lentibulariaces 


133 


Lippia 


144 


Litssea 


162 


Hvistona 


210 


Lagasoea 


97 


Lotelia 


103 


Loganiacese — 


117 


Lolium 


229 


Lomaria 


234 


Lonicera 


68 


LophoBpermum ... 


131 


Loranthacese... 


164 


LoranlhuB 


164 


Lourea 


49 


Louchocarpus 


60 


Ludwigia 


75 


Luff a 


78 


Lupinus ,o 


47 


Lychnis 


14 


Ljcopersicum 


127 


LycoxjodiacesB 


237 


Lycopodium 


237 


Lygodium 


234 


Lythracese ... 


73 


M. 




Macadamia 


163 



Page. 



Machilus 


162 


Macrozamia 


182 


Msesa 


106 


Magnoliacese 


3 


MafgDolia 


3 


Malachra 


20 


Malcolmia 


8 


Mallotus 


169 


MalpigHa 


28 


Malpighiaceae 


28 


Malva 


19 


Malvaceae 


. 18 


Malvastrum 


19 


Macettia 


92 


Mangifera 


43 


Manihot 


168 


Mamisurus 


226 


Maracta 


193 


Marantacese ... 


193 


Marrubium 


150 


Martynia 


137 


Matthiola 


7 


Maurandia 


130 


Medicago 


47 


Melaleuca 


70 


Melastoma 


72 


Melastomacese 


72 


Melhania 


25 


Melia 


36 


Meliacese 


36 


Melianthus 


29 


Melissa 


149 


Melo-oactus 


82 


Melochia 


25 


Memecylese ... 


72 


Memecylon 


73 


Menispermacese 


4 


Meniha 


149 


Me sera bry anthem u m 


83 


Mesua 


17 


Meyen;a 


143 


Mezoneurnm 


57 


Michelia 


3 


Microchloa 


225 


Miliusa 


4 


Millingtonia 


135 



XXX 



lUDEX OE OEDEES AND GENBEA. 



Fage. 



Mimosa 

Mimosese 

^J imulus 

Mimusops 

Mirabilis 

Mitrasacme 

Modecca 

MoJlugo 

Momcrdioa 

Monochoria 

Mbrinda 

Moringa 

MoringesB 

Morus 

Muouna 

Mukia 

Mapdulea 

Murraya 

Musa 

MussEenda 

Myosotis 

Myristica 

Myristicess ■ 

Myrospermum 

MyrsinesQ 
MyrtacesB 

Myrtus 
Myxopyrum 

N. 

NanJina 

Naravelia 

Nareiamia 

Nasturtium 

Nauolea 

Xelsonia 

Nelumbiu m 

Neraophila 

Nepenthaceae 

Nepheliurn 

Nephrodlum 

Nephrolepis 

Neptunia 

Nerine 

Kfei'ium 



Page. 



61 


Nicandra 


127 


61 


Niootiana ••• 


128 


129 


Nigella 


2 


107 


Niphobolus 


235 


152 


Noronhia 


110 


117 


KptoDia 


99 


77 


Nyctaginese ... 


151 


83 


Nyctanthes 


110 


238, 78 


NympliBea 


6 


206 


NymphseacesB 


■ 5 


91 






44 


0. 




44 






173 


OeliDa 


35 


51 


Ochnaceae ... 


35 


79 


Ochrocarpus 


17 


48 


Oeymum 


147 


32 


Odina 


43 


194 


CEnothera 


75 


89 


Olacinese 


37 


121 


Olax 


38 


161 


Oldenlandia 


89 


161 


Oka 


110 


55 


OleacesB 


108 


106 


Onagraceae ... 


74 


69 


Onddium 


1!>1 


71 


Onychium 


235 


110 


Ophioglossam 


235 




Opilia 


38 




Oplismenua 


226 




Opuntia 


81 


5 


Orchidese 


183 


1 


Oreodoxa 


210 


36 


Origanum 


149 


8 


Orraocarpum 


49 


89 


Oi'nilhogalum 


204 


138 


Orobanchacese 


132 


6 


OrobaEche 


132 


120 


Orthosiphon 


147 


159 


Orygia 


83 


42 


Oroxylum 


135 


234 


Oryza 


221 


235 


Osbeckia 


72 


61 


Osmanlhus 


238 


197 


Osmunda 


235 


112 


Ottelia 


183 



INDEX OF OEDEES AND GBNEEA. 



XXXI 



Page. 



OxalidesB 


30 


Petunia 


Oxalis 


30 


Peucedanum 


Ozystelma 


115 


Phajus 
PhalaBOopsiB 


P 




Phaseolus 
Phaylopsis 


PalmacesB 


207 


Philesiacese ..• 


Panax 


86 


I'bilodendron 


Pancratium 


197 


Phlox 


Pandanacese... 


211 


Phoenix 


PandanuB ... 


211 


Pholidota 


Panicum ... 


222 


Phormium 


Papaveracese 


6 


Phyllanthus 


Papaver 


6 


Phy Balis 


Papayacese ... 


77 


PhytolaccacesB 


Pardanthus 


196 


PUea 


Paritium 


22 


Pimpinella 


Parkia 


61 


Pinus 


Parkinsonia 


57 


Piper 


Paspalani 


221 


Piperacese 


Passiflora 


76 


Piscidia 


PassifloresB .•• 


76 


Pisonia 


Pastinaca 


85 


Pistacia 


Paullinia 


42 


Pistia 


Paulownia 


131 


Pisum 


Pavetta 


90 


Pitcaimia 


Pdvonia 


20 


Pitheoolobium 


PedaliacesB ... 


137 


PittosporesB ... 


Pedalium 


137 


Pittosporum 


Peddiea 


238 


PlantaginesB ... 


Pedilanthus 


171 


Plantago 


Pelargjnium 


SO 


Platanacese ... 


Pellsea 


235 


Platanus 


Peltophorum 


57 


Plectraothus 


PeniciUaria 


223 


Pleopeltis 


Penstemon 


131 


Pluohea 


Pentapetes 


25 


Plnmbaginacese 


Pentas 


91 


Plumbago 


Peperomia 


161 


Plumieria 


Pereskia 


82 


Podooarpus 


Pergularia 


116 


Poeciloneuron 


Perilla 


149 


Pogonia 


Peristrophe 


142 


Pogostemon 


Perotis 


227 


Poindana 


Persea 


162 


Poinsettia 


Petrsea 


146 


i Poivrea 



Page. 

128 

85 
188 
189 

52 
139 
202 
216 
119 
209 
188 
205 
166 
127 
157 
176 

84 
181 
160 
160 
238 
152 

43 
217 

50 
200 

63 

12 

12 
151 
151 
177 
177 
148 
235 

96 
104 
105 
111 
181 

17 
190 
148 

57 
170 

69 



xxxu 



INDEX OF OKDEES AND GENEEA. 



PolemoniacesB 

Polyalthia 
Fblyanthes >•• 

Polybotrya 
Polycarpaea . ••• 
Folygala ••• 

Poiygaleae 
Polygonacese— 

Polygonum 

Polymnia 

Polypodium 

Polyzygus 

PoDgamia 

Pontederiacese 

Porani, 
Portulaca 

Portulaces ••• 

Polerium 

Polho^^ 

Pouzolzia 

Pratia 

Promna 

Primula 

PrimulacesB ••• 

Priva 
Prosopis 

Proteacess 

Protium- 

PruDus 

Pseudarthria 

Psidium 

Psophocarpus 

Psychotria 

Pteris 

Pterocarpus 

Pterolobium 

Pterospermum 

Punica 

Pupalia 

Putrapjiva 

Pyrethrum 

Pyrus 



Quassia 



Page. 

119 

4 

203 

236 

14 

13 

13 

157 

158 

102 

236 

84 

55 

206 

125 

15 

15 

64 

216 

177 

103 

145 

105 

105 

144 

61 

163 

36 

64 

49 

71 

53 

91 

236 

54 

57 

24 

74 

154 

167 

102 

65 



34 



Quercus 
Quisqualia 



R. 



Handia 

Ranunculaceae 

Hapbanus 

Rauwolfia ••• 

Ravenala 

ResedacesB — 

Reseda 
Retinospara 

Rhamneae 

Rhaomus 

Rhampbicarpa 

Rhapis 

Rlieutn 

Rhinacanthus 

Rhus 

Rhynchocarpa 

Rhynoosia ... 

Rhyncospernium ... 

Eichardia ■ ••■ 

Rioiinua 

Rienwardtia ... 

Rivpa 

Rivioa 

Robinia ••• 

Rondeletia 

Rosa 

Kosaceae 

RDsmarmus . . 

Rothia 

Roupellia 

Rubia 

Rubiaceffl 

RubuB 

RuelUa 

Rum ex 

Ruiigia 

Rusisellia 

Ruta 

Rntacease 

S. 

Sabal 



Page. 

178 
69 



89 

1 

9 

111 

195 

10 

10 

182 

39 

40 

130 

210 

158 

142 

43 

79 

54 

114 

213 

169 

27 

123 

157 

56 

92 

64 

63 

151 

45 

113 

91 

88 

64 

139 

158 

142 

131 

32 

32 

209 



INDEX OF OEDEES AND 6BNEEA. 



xxxm 



Paye.\ 



Saccharum 


2231 


Silene 


14 


Saccolabium 


190i 


SimarubesB ... 


34 


Baccopetalum 


'4 


Smilacese 


201 


■Sagenia 


237 


■Biiiilax 


201 


Sagittaria 


211 


iSolanacesB ... 


125 


SalicacesB 


179 


Sblanum 


126 


Salix 


179 


Solidago 


94 


Salvadoraceae 


110 


-Sollya 


13 


Salvia 


149 


Sonchus 


100 


Sanchezia 


132 


Souerila 


72 


SacBeviera 


204 


Sophora 


65 


Sautalacese ... 


165 


'Sojjubia 


130 


Santalum 


165 


Sorghum 


224 


Saovitalia 


102 


Soymidia 


87 


Sapindacese -. 


41 


Spathodea 


136 


Sapindus 


42 


Speruiacoce 


91 


Sapium 


170 


SphserantbttB 


96 


Sapocaria 


14 


Sphenoclea 


104 


Sapotacese ... 


106 


Spilanthua 


97 


Saraca 


59 


'Spiuacia 


156 


Saroooephalua 


88 


Spiraea 


64 


Satcostemma 


lis 


Sp'ondias 


44 


Saxifraga 


&6 


' Sp'odispogon 


'S28 


Saxifragacese 


65 


■^porobolus 


226 


Scabiosa 


92 


Slachys 


150 


Schmidelia 


238 


Siachytarpbeta 


144 


Schinus ..^ 


44 


Stellaria 


14 


Seitaminese ... 


191 


Stephanotis 


116 


Bcirpus 


220 


' Stephegyne 


88 


Soolopendrium 


237 


Sterculia 


24 


Scrophularinese 


128 


Sterculiaceae ... 


23 


Scutia 


40 


Stereospermum 


186 


Seaforthia 


209 


Stigmatophyllum ... 


28 


Sgiamone 


115 


Streblus 


lf2 


Sechium 


238 


'StJ-elitzia 


195 


Sedum 


67 


Streptocarpus 


134 


'Selaginella 


237 


Striga 


130 


Semecarpus 


44 


Strobilanlhes 


238, 139 


Setiecio 


99 


>StrychnoB 


118 


iSesamum 


137 


StylosanlheB 


49 


Sesbania 


48 


SwainsoDia 


'55 


Setaria 


223 


Swietenia 


V 


Shorea 


18 


Symphytum 


122 


Sida 


19 


■Sycadenium 


171 


Siderozylon 


107 


Syugouium 


2l7 


Sitoesbeckia 


97 







Page. 



XXXlV 



INDEX OF ORDEES AND GENEBA. 



'Page. 



Page. 







rrifolium 


46 






Trigonella 


47 






Triphasia 


33 


Tabemeemontana ... 


112 


Tristania 


70 


Tacsouia 


76 


Triticum 


221 


TageteB 


101 


Triumfetta 


26 


Tamarindns 


59 


TropseolacesB. 


30 


Tamariscinese 


15 


TropsBolum 


31 


Tamarix 


15 


Tuirena 


220 


Taraxacum 


100 


Tuhpa 


203 


Teooma 


135 


Tylophora 


116 


Tectona 


144 


Typha 


212 


Templetonia 


55 


TyphacesB 


212 


Tephresia 


238, 48 






Teramnus 


51 


U. 




Termioalia 


68 






Ternstroeniiaceae 


17 


Umbelliferse - 


83 


Tetragonia 


83 


Uraria 


49 


Thalictrum 


1 


Urena 


20 


Theobrotna ., 


25 


Urtiea 


176 


Thespesia 


22 


UrticesB 


171 


Thevetia 


113 


Utricularia 


133 


Thrinax 


210 


Uvaria ... 


3 


Thuja 


182 






Thunbergia 


138 


V. 




Thymus 


149 






Tigridia 


196 


Vabli'a 


66 


Tiliaceae 


26 


VaUaris 


112 


TiUsa 


66 


Vfillisneria 


183 


Tillandsia 


200 


Vanda 


189 


Timbristylis 


219 


Vandellia 


130 


TinoBpora 


5 


Vangueria 


90 


Toddalia 


32 


Vanilla 


190 


Torenia 


130 


Vateria 


18 


Traohelium 


104 


Ventilago 


39 


Traohys 


226 


Vepris 


238 


Tradescantia 


207 


'Verbasoum 


129 


Tragia 


170 


Verbena 


144 


Trapa 


76 


Verbenacese ... 


143 


Trema 


172 


Verbesina 


102 


Trewia 


169 


Vernonia 


94 


Trianthema 


83 


Veronica 


130 


Tribulus 


29 


Vioia 


50 


Trichodesma 


121 


Vicoa 


96 


Tricholepia , ... 


99 


Victoria 


6 


Trichosanthes 


77 


Vigna 


52 



INDEX OF OEDEBS AND GBNEEA. 



VimJnaria 

Vinca 

Viola 

Violacese 

Virgilia 
Vitex 
Vitis 
Yittadeuia 



w. 



Wagatea 

Wjihlenbergia 

Wallichia 

Walsura 

Waltheria 

Webera 

Wedelia 

WelKngtonia 

Wendlandia 

Wigandia 

Withania 

■Wrighlia 



Page. 



55 


X. 


111 




11 


Xanthium 


11 


Ximenia 


55 


Xylophylla 


145 




40 


Y. 


102 






Yucca 




z. 


57 




104 


Zanonia 


211 


Zanthonylum 


£7 


Zea 


25 


Zehneria 


89 


Zephyranthea 


97 


Zingiber 


182 


Zingiberacese 


89 


Zinnia 


120 


Zizyphus 


127 


Zornia 


112 


ZygophyllesB . 



XXXV 
Page. 



97 

38 

171 



205 



79 

52 

221 

79 

198 

192 

192 

100 

39 

49 

29 



Index of Popular Names. 



Page. 



Adam's needle 


205 


African blue lily ... 


203 


Atrican oil palm ... 


210 


Alkanet 


121 


Alligator pear 


162 


Almond tree (country). 


68 


Amazon lily 


6 


Amedcan aloe 


198 


A m encan cotton . . . 


22 


American crocus ... 


198 


American sumach ... 


56 


Aunatto 


11 


Apple tree ... : 


65 


Apricot tree 


64 


Arbor vitse ... ■ 


182 


Arracacha 


85 


Arrowroot - ... 


193 


Artichoke (globe) ... 


102 


Artichoke (Jerusalem). 


102 


Arum lily ... 


213 


Asoca tree ,,. 


59 


Aster (China) 


95 


Asthma plact 


166 


Aubergine . 


126 


■Australian fan palm. 


209 


Awlatree 


167 


B. 


' 


Babool 


1)2 


Bael tree 


;i4 


Balm 


149 


Balsam 


31 


Balsam of Tola tree. 


55 


Balsam tree 


17 


Bamboo 


229 


Banana 


194 


Banyan tree ... ' 


173 


Baobab or Lalo tree. 


23 


Barbae! oes cherry ... 


28 


Barbadoes goosebeny. 


■ ,. 82 


Bastard cedar 


?5 



Fage. 

Bastard sandal ... 27 

Bead tree ... 36 

Bean (garden) ... 50 

Bears Breech ... 140 

Beef wood tree ... 178 

Beet ... 156 

Belgaum walnut tree. 168 

Bellflower ... 104 

Eetel-leaf pepper ... 160 

Betel-nut palm .... 208 

Bhere-fruit tree ... 39 

Bindweed ... 124 

Birds-eye chillee ... 127 

Birdsnest fern ... 232 

Birthwort (Indian). 160 

Bishops weed ...; 84 

Black gram ... 52 

Blackberry... ... 64 

Black pepper ..... ■ • 160 

.Black wood. (Australian); , 62 

Blistering cress "... 8 

Wister weed ... 73 

Blocd flower ;.. 198 

Blood wood, tree .... 71 

Blue bottle. ... 99 

Blue gum i.. 70 

Borage , ... 122 

Borage (Indian) ... 148 

Bottle gourd ,..•- 77 

Bowstring hemp ... 204 

Box tree (Australian). 70 

^ Do (red) ... 71 

Boxwood ... 166 

Bramble stalk ... 61 

Hread fruit tree ... 176 

Bringal ... 126 

Broom grass ... 225 

Buckthorn ... 40 

Buckwheat . ... 158 

Buffalo-head.grasB,.. 226 

Bullocks heart ...■■■ 4 

Bunya Bunya :... 181 

Bur-marigold ... 98 

Burnet ... 64 



XXXYIU 



Index op Popular Names- 



Button flower 



Cabbage 
Cabbage palm 
Calabaiih tree 
Caledonian (New) pine. 
Camel's foot 
Campion 
dandy tuft 

Cannon ball tree ,,. 
Cannon plant 
Cape gooseberry ... 
Caper tree 
Caraway 

Cardamom ... 

Carnation 
Carob bean 
Carrot ... 

Cashew-nut tree ... 
Castor-oil plant 
Catcbfly 

Ceara rubber tree... 
Cedar (bastard) ... 
Cedar (white) 
Cedar (West Indian). 
Celery 

Charcoal tree 
Chaste tree ... 

Cheer pine 
Cherimoyer 
Chervil 

Chickweed (Indian). 
• Chaiee 
■China box 

' Chinese sugar-cane ... 
Chittagong wood ... 
Ohooho 
Chocolate tree 
Cholum 

<!!huffa or ground almond. 
Cinnamon tree ... 
Citron tree 
(Climbing fern 
Clover 
'Clover (Soold) 



Tage. 
97 



8 
208 
137 
181 
59 
14 
9 
71 
176 
127 
10 
84 
193 
14 
60 
85 
43 
169 
14 
168 
25 
87 
238 
84 
172 
145 
181 
4 
85 
14 
127 
32 
224 
37 
238 
25 
2^4 
219 
162 
33 
234 
46 
48 



Clubrnsh 

Cocaine shrub 

Cocbneal plant ... 

Cockscomb 

Cocks loot grass ••• 

Cocoa-nut palm ... 

Coffee 

Colocynih plant ... 

Columbine 

Copal tree 

Contrayerva root ... 

Coral tree 

Coral shrub 

Coriander ... 

Cork tree (Indian)... 

Cornflag 

Cornflower or blue bottle. 

Cotton 

Country fig 

Cow gram 

Cowitch 

Cowslip creeper ... 

Crane's bill , 

Cress (garden) 

Croton-oil plant ... 

Cuckoo flower 

Cucumber 

Cuba-bast plant ... 

Cudweed (Indian)... 

Cummin seed 

Curry-leaf tree 

Custard apple 

Cypress tree . 

Cypress (Califorman) . 

D. 

Daisy 

„ (crown) 

„ (Australian).., 
Date palm 
Day lily 
Dandelion 
Devils claw 
Darnel-Rye grass ... 
Dholl 
Dill 



Page. 

220 
27 
81 

153 

2vi9 

209 

91 

78 

2 

38 

1:3 
51 

168 
h5 

135 

196 
99 
22 

175 
53 
51 

116 

30 

9 

168 

8 

.78 

22 

96 

85 

33 

3 

180 

181 



101 
98 
102 
209 
203 
100 
137 
229 
53 
,85 



Index or Fopulak Names. 



xxxix 



Page. 



Page. 



Pock 


3 58 


Garlic ..o 


204 


boub grass 


225 


Gaub free 


108 


Dragon tree 


205 


Gingelie oil plant ... 


137 


Duckweed 


217 


Ginger 


192 


Duinb-cane 


216 


Ginger grass 


222 


Duriau free 


23 


Globe Amaranth ... 


155 


Dwarf palmetto ... 


209 


Glory pea 


55 






Glory tree 


145 


E. 




Goa bean 


53 






Goa potato 


20,1 


Egg plant 


126 


Goats-foot creeper... 


124 


Kgyptiau lotus 


6 


Golden bamboo 


229 


Elephant creeper ... 


123 


Golden fern 


233 


Elephant grass 


212 


Golden rod ... 


94 


Endive 


100 


Goldmohnr tree ... 


57 


Evening primrose ... 


75 


Goose-foot 


156 


Everlasting flower... 


96 


Gourd .• ■ 


79 


Exile tree 


113 


Gram (Bengal) ... 


50 






Granadilla 


76 


F. 




Grape vine 


40 




,^ 


Grass-cloth plant ... 


177 


Fan palm 


209 


'Green gram 


52 


Fennel flower 


2 


Ground nut 


50 


Femiel 


84 


Ground rattan 


210 


Fenugreek 


47 


Guaiac tree 


29 


Feverfew 


102 


Guava tree 


71 


Fig-cactus 


81 


Guernsey lily 


197 


I'"ig (edible) 


175 


Guinea grass 


222 


Fig tree 


173 


Gum tree 


70 


Flax 


27 






Fleabane 


94 


H. 




„ (American). 


95 






Fleur-de-Lis 


196 


Hairbell 


104 


Flower fence 


56 


Hard fern 


232 


Foolish-oil plant ... 


98 


Hariali grass 


225 


Forget-me-not (Indian) 


123 


Haricot 


,62 


Forget-me-not 


121 


Heartsease 


11 


Four-o'clock plant... 


152 


Hear! seed 


42 


Foxtail grass 


226 


Hedge aloa 


205 


Fragrant Acacia ... 


62 


Hedgehog cactus ... 


82 


Fuller's teazel ... 


92 


Heliotrope 


121 


Fumitory .,• 


7 


Hemp 


172 


s 




Hemp-agrimcny ... 


94 


a 




Hemp (Hibiscus) ... 


21 






Hernia shrub 


73 


Garden cress 


9 


Henbane ..^ 


1,28 


Gftriand flower- ... 


192 


Hogplum 


44 



xl 



Ikde-x of Popular Names. 



HogTeed 
"HoUybock 
Honey locust tree ... 
Honey shrub 
Honey suckle (French). 
Honey suckle (Nilgiri). 
Hop plant 
Horehound (white). 
Horse gram 
Horse radish tree ... 
Humble plant ... 
Hyssop 

I. 

Ice ^lant 

Ife 

Immortelle (French).' 

Indian beech 

Ifidian copal tree ... 

Indian corn 

Indian crocus 

liidian-fig cactus ... , 

Indian gooseberry tree, 

Indian laburnum ... 

ludian mustard ... 

Indian pennywort' ... 

Indian privet 

Indian Rhododendron. 

Indian shot 

India rubber tree .. 

Indigo 

Indi of Ceylon 

Iron wood 

Italian millet 

Ivory wood 

Ivy 



J. 



Jackfruit tree 
Jalap plant 
Jainoon 
Jarrah tree 
Jasmine 
Java fig 
Jerusalem thorn 



Page. 

152 
19 
57 
29 
'48 
88 
. 172 

150 
53 
44 
61 

149 



«3 
204 

96 

55 

18" 
22r 
192 

81" 
167 

58 
8 

84 
110 

72 
194 
174 

47 
209 
107 
222 
112' 



176 

125 

71 

70 

109 

174 

57 



Page. 



Job's tears 


224 


Jungle geranium ... 


90 


Jumper (Chinese)... 


11^1 


Jute 


27 


K. 




Kamala dye tree ... 


169 


Kauri piue 


181 


Kidpey bean 


52 


Kino' tree 


54 


Knapweed 


99 


Kola'-niit free 


24 


Korkapooli 


63 


Kus-kus grass 


223 


L- 




Lac tree 


18 


Lady fern ... 


232 


Lady's slipper 


190 


Larkspur 


2 


Lavender 


148 


Lead wort 


105 


Leek 


204 


Lemon grass 


224 


Lemon tree 


33 


Lemon scented verbena. 


146 


Lentil 


50 


Leopard flower ... 


196 


Lettuce 


100 


Lettuce tree 


152 


Lignum-vitsB 


29 


iily' 


202 


Lime tree 


33 


Liquorice (wild) ... 


50 


Litohi tree 


42 


Lociist tree 


59 


Logan tree 


42 


Lo^ood ,i. 


60 


Lcmg pepper 


160 


Cooking glass tree . . 


24 


Loquat tree 


65 


Lords and ladies ... 


214 


Love lies hleeding... 


153 


Lucerne 


47 


Lujin 


vi 



Index of Popular Namks. 



xli 



Page, 



Page. 



M. 




Mysore thorn 


56 






Mysore toddy palm. 


209 


Madder 


91 






Madder (Indian) ... 


91 


N. 




Magnolia family ... 


3 






Mahogany tree 


37 


Nankeen cotton ... 


22 


Mahwa tree 


107 


Nasluitium 


31 


Maiden hair fern ... 


230 


Nectarine 


64 


Maize or Indian corn. 


221 


Nee 11 tree ... 


S6 


Malabar eago palm. 


208 


Seilgherry grass ... 


103 


Male bamboo 


229 


Nepaul chillee^ 


127 


Mallow 


19 


New Zealand flax ... 


205 


Mammoth tree ..• 


182 


New Zealand pine... 


181 


Mangosteen 


16 


Nicker plant ... 


56 


Mango tree 


43 


Night flowering cactus. 


82 


Manilla hemp 


194 


Night shade 


126 


Marguerite 


98 


Nilgiri lily 


203 


Mariguld 


99 


Nilgin nettle 


176 


Marjoram 


149 


Norway spruce 


181 


Markmg nut tree ... 


44 


Nutmeg 


161 


Marvel of F'tru ... 


152 


Nut tree (Australian) 


163 


Meadow rue 


1 






Medio (black) 


47 


o. 




Melon 


78 






Melon (wild) 


78 


Oak tree 


178 


Mesquit bean 


61 


Oat grass 


229 


Mexican lily 


197 


Okra 


21 


Mexican peppy 


7 


Oleander 


112 


Michs^lmas daisy ... 


95 


Olive tree 


110 


Mignonette 


10 


Onion 


204 


Milk-hedge 


166 


Orache 


156 


Millet 


222 


Orange tree 


34 


Monkey flower 


129 


Oriental plane 


177 


Moon flower 


123 


Ox-eye 


98 


Moreton Hay chesnut. 


56 






Moreton Bay fig- ... 


175 


P. 




Moreton iJay pne... 


. 181 






Morning glory • ... 


123 


Pagoda tree 


111 


Motherwort (Siberian). 


150 


Palmetto 


209 


Mountain ebony ... 


69 


Palm fern 


230 


Mulberry • ... 


173 


Palmiste 


210 


Mullein 


129 


Palmyra palm 


208 


MuDzerabad creeper. 


138 


Paper mulberry ... 


173 


Mflsk-melon ■ ... 


79 


Paraguay tea plant . 


38 


Mustard 


8 


Para rubber tree ... 


171 


Myirobalan tree ... 


68 


Pareley 


48 


Myrtle 


71 


Parsley (Indian) ... 


S4 



xlii 



Index op Popular Names. 



Parsnip 

Papaw tree 

Passion flower 

Pea 

Peach tree 

Pear tree 

Peepul tree 

Pennywort (Indian) 

Peppermint 

Pepper tree (bastard) 

Peruvian bark 

Peruvian cotton ... 

Physic nut 

Pigeon pea 

Pine apple 

Pine tree (New Zealand) 

Pink 

Pinnay oil tree 

Pita fibre plant ... 

Pitcher plant 

Pith grass 

Plantain tree 

Plum tree 

Pomegranate tree ■•■ 

Foon tree 

Poppy 

Portia tree 

Potato •.. 

Potato (Goa) 

Potato (Pondicherry) 

Potato tree 

Potato (Telinga) ... 

Prickly comfrey ... 

Prickly pear ... 

Pride of India 

Primrose 

Prince's feather ... 

Pulas kino tree ... 

Fumelo tree 

Pumpkin 

Purslane ... 



Q. 



Quaking grass 
Qv^Esia shrub 



Page. 

85 

77 

76 

50 

64 

65 

174 

84 

149 

44 

91 

22 

168 

53 

200 

181 

14 

17 

199 

159 

212 

194 

64 

74 

17 

6 

22 

126 

201 

201 

126 

214 

122 

81 

74 

105 

153 

51 

34 

79 

15 



229 
34 



Quill bamboo 



B. 



Rabbit weed 

Radish 

Rain tree 

Rangoon creeper ... 

Rape or cole seed... 

Raspberry 

Raspberry (Indian) 

Rattan cane palm 

Rattan (ground). ... 

Redwood tree . ... 

Rhea fibre 

Rhododendron (Indian) 

Rhubarb 

Rice ... 

Rice paper plant ... 

Ringworm shrub ... 

Rose 

Rose apple ... 

Rosemary 

Rosewood 

Uoyal fern 

Royal palm of Cuba 

Eozelle 

Rue 

s. 

Sacred lotus ■ 
SaESower 

Sage ... 

Sal tree 
Salt bush 

Sandalwood tree ... 
Sandbox tree 
Sandpaper tree ... 
Sapodilla tree 
Sappan wood . ... 
Sarsaparilla 
Sarsaparilla (bastard) 
Satinwood tree ... 
Scabious 
IScamraony 
Scarlet runner 



Page. 
229 



166 

9 

63 

69 

8 

64 

64 

210 

210 

61 

177 

71 

158 

221 

86 

58 

64 

71 

155 

51 

234 

210 

21 

32 



6 

99 
149 

18 
157 
165 
170 
175 
107 

56 
201 
114 

37 

92 
124 

52 



Index of Popular Names. 



xliii 



Screw pine 

Screw tree (Indian) 

Senna 

Shailol 

She oak 

SliepLerds purse ... 

Shield or wood fern 

Shingle tree 

Shoe flower 

Silver fern 

Silver oak 

Silvery clary 

Sisal hemp 

Sispara creeper ... 

Slipper of Venus ... 

Slipperwort 

Snake gourd 

Snake lily 

Snapdragon ... 

Soapnut Acacia ... 

Soapnut tree ... 

Soapwort 

Soja bean ... 

Sorrel (wood) 

Soursop 

Southernwood 

Sow-bread 

Sow-thistle 

Spanish broom 

Spearmint 

Speedwell 

Spiderwort ... 

Spiked millet 

Spinach 

Spinach (New Zealand) 

Spleenwort 

Spurge 

Star of Bethlehem 

Star gooseberry ... 

St. Bruno's lily ... 

Stock 

Strawberry 

Sturt's pea 

Succory 

Sugar-cane 

Sugar palm 

Sumach (Indian) ... 



Page. 

211 Sunflower 

24 Sunflower (gold) ... 

58 Sunn fibre 

204 Swallowwort 

178 Swan-river daisy ... 

9 Sweet Basil 

232 Sweet brier 

62 Sweet flag 

21 Sweet pea 

234 Sweet potato 

163 Sweet sop 

149 Sweet "William ... 

199 Sword bean 
130 

190 I T. 

131 

77 Talipot or fan palm 

214 Tallow tree (Chinese) 

129 Tamarind tree 

62 Tanners bark (Cassia) 

42 Tapioca 

14 Tasmanian pine ... 

51 Teak tree 

30 Tea shrub 

4 Teosinte ... 

98 Thorn apple 

105 Thyme 

100 Tiger flower 

45 Tiger lily 

149 Tinian pine 

130,94 Toadflax 

207 Tobacco 
223 Toddy palm 
156 Tomato 

83 Tomato tree 

232 Torch tree 

166 Traveller's tree ... 
204 Tree cotton 

167 Tree fern 

203 Trincomatee wood... 

7 Trumpet flower ... 

64 Ti-umpet lily (white) 

55 Tuberose 

100 Tulip 

223 Turksoap 

208 Turmeric 

43 Turnip 



Page: 

102 
96 
46 

115 
95 

147 
65 

217 
50 

124 

4 

14 

52 



209 
170 

59 

58 
168 
181 
144 

17 
221 
127 
149 
196 
203 
178 
129 
128 
209 
127 
126 

90 
195 

23 
231 

26 
128 
202 
203 
£03 

82 

193 

8 



xliv 



Index of Populak Names. 



U. 



Umbrella tree 

V. 

Vervain 

Vervain (bastard)... 

Vetch 

Victorian Myall ... 

Violet 

Virginian creeper ... 

Virginian stock ... 

Virgin's bower 



W. 



Wall flower 
Wampee 
V' ater chesnut 
Wateir cress 
Water lily 
Water melon. 
Water soldier . 



Page. : 



86 



144 

144 

50 

63 

11 

41 

8 

1 



8 

S3 

76 

8 

6 

79 

217 



Page. 



Wattle 


62 


Wheat 


221 


White large thatching grass 


824 


White pepper 


160 


Wild date 


209 


V\ illow tree (Indian) 


179 


Willow (weeping)... 


179 


Wood apple 


34 


Woodbine 


88 


Wormwood 


98 


Woundwort 


150 


T. 




Yam (common) ... 


201 


Yarrow or milfoil ... 


98 


Yate tree 


70 


z. 




Zedoary 


193 


Zephyr flower. 


198 


2inghara&ut 


76 



VERNACULAR INDEX. 





Page. 




Page. 


«s 




©ds? (wosS) T\zi 


22 
69 




72 




174 


«S».73j8^^ 


167 


193 


«st joOd rfjasgi V 


155 


J J 23^?Sor\ ^od 


48 


<50=#JS?«5 s^orf 


87 




11 


«srt?3 sotf 


48 




52 


«9onsti=g'(d P\cS 


32 


53 


«525ra a P\SS 


123 


^^6 


45 


e5s|^^SS?e*).«jj^^ 


166 


esSj^^^^d 53od 


59 


«S?J^ (Si^t^S*.) ^JS^^ 


166 






«so'<s}"5 P^zS 


175 


ea 




©ofeioris=# ^:eJ3 


222 






fO 




S52^U0rf0d 


60 




20 
154 


e3sS55W=^isJ:sS:Si5=^o(!ie)37ij) 152 
wsio rfjoW.zSTis^ 116 


«s:«7;)i^ Pia 


112 




142 


ea^ oSod 


208 


J7 


176 


os^^ si'?. 


51 


S3 








ss3s3doert fMS 


109 


e^ tSj.^^ 


153n 


55 CO 


158 


©c^drJort fMS 


217 


" r> 


173 




175 


?5w sSod 


174 


«5rfd7io25 sooaas 


28 


•a 




essJo^AjjiozS ^owj 


220 






«5?S5S)S PisS 


200 


'SoriS^'?* rfod 


34 


e^oy siDrf 


44 


<a35^ dod 


107 


esS^rf J*"®^^ 


122 


"sidorfoSrt sJiO?^ f\^ 


109 



xlvi 


Vernaculae Index. 






Page. 




Tage. 


m 




eo 




^2^W0 riid 


209 


Eoorfe;rt A^^ ^ 


84 


«^&^^ 


204 


ao^ ^oTiti r\zi 


58 


^^.0? D^tfj 


160 


,, ^obS hzi 


150 






„ ;^os?"n) f^S 


■ 147 


WW 


123 


^, ESjasi^ sSod 


108 


«a):^0£p3 T\tS 


155 


,, c'^SsS siod 


36 


tfoasj hJ* 


26 


„ cao^a r»s 


137 


eroa(Jjol3) sSod 


43 


eos^^o sSocJ 


12 


ero%, sf3::J 


18 


^ 




tfoeOr S3;rf 


12 


bo^oJ hJl 


84 


enidti riil 


126 






(3 -Si-- 


■; S: 


* 




erj3 




=5=^ sSorf 


58 


evsrtjjoiwi 


219 


ifftsiod 


62 


^ 




^OT^JSoa Ml? 


39 




TS^^eSOTtfrf sSorf 


60 


,ii=^rf fs:S 


115 






■6- 




=2r3S«rt 


209 


oitssjMO r\!S 


24 






,6il wa?^ na 


121 


=3?!SrtjS dod 


88 


PS 


89 


^Ss3 ?\a 


50 




90 


^a oSatJ^pS hzS 


141 


o 




=i^8Si W S sSjtj 


16 


.liejrt siorf 


162 


* rv 


X \M 


Co 


39 




198 






'^^ W51? 


194 


.i«3&33S? 


194 


— fi 


X «/ s 






^3 S hJS 


10 


<C)S?t8=l0633 loagJJ 


219 


— fl 


X\J 

109 


sa 




=5*;! osa Soogjj 


220 




193 


*S^?5j8!g)__^ 


207 


»"^^ 


194 


^^rxizi f>5S' 


149 



Veenacijlae' Index, 



xlvii 



' 


Page. 




_' 


Page. 




175 


"SfBT^sgids? r\zs 


83 


■*^ 


223 


)) 


sSJStf &i<?^ 


77 


=3'80j»rs' eO" 


79 


=s^=^i(x:^<^ sJad 


169 


■B^rf^rWcJ p*^ 


147 


^^tiz 


esS dad 


. 175 


*SJ3U 


6 


V 


«sd3 htS 


51 




203 


' :> 


•J • 


107 


*B «stis? («sos3) f\rt 


23 


j> 


e^doy^rt^. 


197 


„,^%^J^^ 


128 


jj 


4orf3 f^^:l 


84 


„ .*=i^^7irt tf ^=« 


147 


j: 


=s^zS«3 n:S 


53 


jj '^sii nzi 


126 


V 


. =5=eSr{ejD(=#j®?6^?r!) 


sisd 2 


„ ^«^-«„ ^^SP 


222 


J7 


^esp^ooslej P\:3 


31 


,, S33© (7^J3?!3,) sSlrf 


62 


5) 


■b^osOd <^:eJ3 


227 


jj s3?5Soh sijrf 


48 


)) 


'S'SCS^j. 7i^ SoDWi 


225 


^, god3=s= sddv'o r\S 


168 


)7 


=5^0^ AtS 


33 


jj ^iv"r0 P>rS 


147 


'; 


=5'aoao?i3 Bi°~? 


78 


jj rf^3oo2S 3SiW) 


224 


j; 


^iOBiV- &i^ 


41 


" "ft" 


145 


5; 


=^o^23?ert r\zi 


118 


,^ sOtSoo rfid 


175 


)) 




21 


,, e5^5§ zii€ 


33 


!) 


7lf®or?!j3 r\rs 


112 


,, !§55!ijS !^is;o 


225 


j> 


«do7iE.o n^ 


75 


jj ;^oes/ssoi^i sfeg^ 


219 


w 


7l7Srt?5 ao3gJ3 


227 


J, rif|g ^OSS !^Jg« 


225 


3> 


rt)o* 533^0 


219 


j^ Tjs'rorf f^^g' , ; 


8 


) » 


rtjBss ns 


99 


Sooa ?5j33g|^ 


94 


95 




. 227 


^, !g?5T? SSjrf 


4 


1 '' 
3J 


^JS^Si' 


143 


^gjS^^Od 


176 


JJ 


^*i^^ 


52 


^W5)tlZS rfjrf 


174 


j3 


<^o7^ PiCS 


15a 


^sS^& 'B^rfartWjJ' P>jS 


147 


)) 


sSJobS P\zS 


150 


sj© did 


62 


3J 


^xrtcPirS 


54 


=g-9^.^:d 


166 


J! 


. ^^^^U' 


22& 



xlviii 



Veknacular Index. 





Page. 


V 


Page. 


■53!:li ?5dsl i^JWO 


227 1 


^a3f^^l ' 


90 


?)o^ (K5iicSiW5&6jrSJrfarf 33 


=g=3s:S(S=j®e; ?\J^ 


75 


," ?i?C)509^ 


47 


^'rJcSis^ (aoocSa^S) 


100 


,, Sj®?3^oeJ3 


225 




34 


„ -^^c^^T^js^^ 


49 


asoiSe fiJi 


167 


„ s^i^rt^iwi 


222 


„ ^od 


167 


5' 2d '^ 


227 


=3^;o'^irforf sSod 


169 


„ „ Tii^i^^v:^ 


222 


=3^il»3rrt rs:* 


9 




46 


=s'od!5 !5os);5e5 ;!?jii^^ 


47 


j^ sSo^ ^ss 


21 


=3*i|j;j 5MI 


169 


„ ss^saarfo ?3j3^^ 


207 




79 


jj (dodjT^psrfortjl 168 


-201 


40 


„ ^^^'^ ?^^ ' 


109 


=5=atfor&7i83 rt htl 


56 


^^ s3o£<e?5j hS 


32 




99 


„ "^^'o^"^ 


52 


=5^a7iOosS ?3j®!^x 


99 


jj c^W'jSJJSS CoigJJ 


220 


^jsr!i3 sSiti 


42 


» 7^%^^^^U^ 


226 


•^JSU€ ?3jb^^ 


139 


,, „ ^®J ^^ 


147 


=5^js)C) (^3^?0) s^itJ 


145 


„ „ sfssSj J^o^j 


25 


=5:j35S (s5js^) sSarf 


17 


„ „ ^5^^ ^^Si^ 


226 


=#=^D=if 6i?^ 


78 


„ ^e^'^r^ Tljs^^ 


7. 


^osSr^ oSod 


56 


» » "^Si^ 


219 


=#0^ Tfj£Sr\zi 


126 


,j sJ!?033 nts 


8, 


J, ^'rirtesortto f^ 


111 


jj .555iB^sS>g^ , 


222 


„ rto^^ii 


126 


„ ^jti°^ J^zi 


53 


jj eS^dajBw ftS 


105 


jj ^JBrt 7!y/S3g|^ 


129 


„ • aSucd ^jgagi^ 


154 


J J Sojsort siati 


136 


jj «S0a>3 3o0^ 


219 


-eaJi na 


91 


,, cSoto • 


154 


TSvjtfcSvJrO -^fJi 


223 


^ radd 


6 


■SfaTOli SJirf 


59 


jj rasfs^od 


24 



Vbenaculab Index. 



xlix 



Page. 

■#0^ ^ot&jS T\zi 21 

J, • ^jsidort s^orf 23 

„ 'rJtT^t nsS 62 

*5SoSJf^^S 75-158 

„ 'Sj^S ?5J»^^' • 144 

^V^^ :Soii) 213 

^jsi^o^oaio 75j®^, 85 

=#jss:fod?^ o:S3d 31 

■^jsisfa^^ 73j83gl_^ 83 

■ifjSBoZ^ ?»S 111 

■^jatfrfo^ f^^S 1 38 

■^Ji)?j«SoS=#j3oBio s5:d 136 

„ !^e5 T^iya 226 

■#J80 !5^t» 223 

•#js^5 i^ri'r) T^x& 58 
=#Js^6Srt (=ffszSo =is'j«5rtwo siod) 2 

=#j3)«^a?Wo^ ^-ss©^ 73 



rid 3 sSad 

V 

■ft- t*' 



9) 



83cJdo 



175 
33 
223 
56 
228 
141 
222 
223 
229 



"a" 

rfote Mas? 

ri023ea p\!S 
.rtorfDrtoaS ail?. 

T^^da 5Sod 

.rtjs* i^52^ejo dad 
(a 

,, ?^?d3 dod 
„ ; fl^oiS dad 

rtjsS^a dad 

t^qS dad 

T^jsepS dod 



Page. 
112 
219 
222 

95 
225 

97 
6 

85 

95 

52 
176 
195 

58 
109 
140 
166 

50 

64 
194 

53 

211 

i. 44 

182 

44 
173 
172 

90 
173 
221 



Vernacijlae Index, 





Page. 


1 


Page. 


7^;®?rfoi3 P'rf 


73 


aso^Oo soOEja 


212 


T^JS^Q hii 


47 


2SQ 3dawo 


227 


7?s>w sSitf 


71 


i35s3=5=scQi did 


161 


n^ti K^^ 


124 


233Ei dad 


26 






£335)5"!^^ dOd 


168. 


i^ 




K3a;0 ^:xS 


18 


E^^ofV did 

E^drf aids f\JS 


101 
195 

74 
127 
220 


!sfaDoda=#j®?d idowa 


85 
115 
227 
195 
221 


aS^ j^tfv'i r^^ 


170 


(^ 




eSW3,oa PizS 


37 






„ 330^) do:} 


162 


^f^d2d 


146 


«3i^dojBe; f^.sS 


105 


;^3SsJe;a did 


26 


eSolradtf P\:S 


16 


;^o!^?j?\zS 


39 


sSoS^da fiS 


89 


;^3j?o dad 


121 


tJy ed tSj-s^^^j 


154 


i^da^ P\^ 


52 


aSv'o; did 


118 


33S dad 


68 


sSidis^orf^oS i^^« 


176 


33tf dad 


208 


EiSot&8*?f4 aojex) 


219 


^aort sSaua 


219 


tS^S'dorf 


71 




20 


e;3 




^ada-^ (=ff33la) edd'f'a Mi 


ts 

168 


ssrts'rttiJ dad 


108 


^^ T^^da dad 


43 


Kolto T!d3g« 


229 


^ada's^i ^jsrte htf 


53 


6SjS;Ic5 Sog^a 


229 


i^aS^'ri iMS 


147 




226 

119. 


i^j5)5^ dad 
^oh?S dad 


108 
209 



VjiENAOULAE InDEX. 



li 





Page. 




Page. 


n^na ri:rf 


144 


Zfj»S 83oa7^t hZS ' 


19 




10 




226 


S^oiS eoy 


79 


„ sSfSn'Mrtj? f^ss 


97 


^J8Ci^83S?J 5333_ ii^Od 


69 


,, JocaSaSitjo , 


225 


Zj 




„ 553eS^B)v7 


78 


Z5?N, tSjsi^i . 


154 


55 




tJoliSi I^JB^^ 


. 154 


sSr^d PNJi 


89 




7 




141 


rS^sssoeia sSie^(5§?J35Sj!)?5) 219 


iiL'iS-c^jizizii (sjojijj .) 


5:?od 118 


tiE?r (sSje:I=#) ^0^0 


223 


no 


112 


tisSfjjS P^a 


98 


,. is^i^ 


74 


nsjjjv'd nzs 


21 


cScios^ eor 


124 


Z33^ob0i5? ?\ZS 


74 


KSeecsurf riotii ^o^^ , 


227 


nsji; nj^ 


40 


„ ^'U^ 


226 


aoart sSorf 


69 


sSsSii 


222 


tSDoi^j (aViT^aS^cSjdagrt 


f^silOg 


CO 


145 


5Sjoiit35)Si, r\zi 


192 


cit^za^jsoti ^iV3 


226 


zSatfoaS sijrf 


4 


„ ^%^^'U' 


225 


z^js^^j «$od 


18 


<dS!jrti^80^^ 


51 


zS^sSrtworteja oSarf 


112 


oJjrie? nzl 


38 


zS^sdriort s^id 


16 


sarisiosirt sSad 


17 


zS^sinsidi sioC 


27 


e53^i3oJ3 P(S| ^ ' 


144 


zSjas ©oMoagio'd io3W3 


226 


533rf37i^j8^3 Sj8^^ ' 


156 


„ 7^?^ ^^^ 


15 


55ac03=g!e;oSo ?\a 


111 


„ a«^2^3gi3 


223 


J, gjSj'fj P\tg 


147 


. ^, siU* P\a 


142 


„ S^ds? sSjd 


71 


'„ ^SjhCi 


148 


cndosS^s? ^jsi"^ . 


10 


„ SgldiS? ^36^ 


227 


c58d33 (S5S3) djd 


145 



UL 



Veenacular Index. 





Page. 




Pfl-i/e. 


Jioss r«i 


33 


si 




^■dsiozS KficJ 


179 






5?tforisQri£U r\zi 


158 


siTi^S ^OTj 


107 


,, rtj®??3 ?;jsi^_^ 


130 


3jE^ MS*' 


195 


,, aidrto 2go|a 


228 


j^ gpS f^zs 


148 


_ „ e^oSo ;^j83g^ 


129 




54 


^j og)slJ5ija?i ^fiP 


2£0 


V 


77 


>, ^^ ^^^^ : 


222 


sjSoTta s^ocf 


56 


,, ^^'^ J^S^ 


219 


,3i!S^(cis? sio:! 


71 


?;?£) r\zs 


47 


cdch «5f sd:e;3 


226 


t>i€ eO^^ 


47 


sitich sijtf 


77 




44 


j^ 530PB'nl?S f^^^ 


127 


(ioiigs s:?itfo (teosiiS) 


yi 


^jJsfW=5^ ?3j5^ , 


83 


oJ3s3a^^?i^r\s 


66 


tiizSQ sSaij 


136 


^S- ejj !MS 


145 


3isE6j ^^cl 


89 


iSe.E^v'o ?5j®3g) . 


207 




81 




58 , 


sfe^S f\:S ? 


39 


„ ?adJij ^:fj:i 


226 


sJ-i^rS hzS 


40 


„ (Bf?rfO) =5^igs3 hc^ 


50 


SsDKs;^ f\jS 


110 


„ ^^^7i Tvi 


141 


sissitS sSod 


90 


^vsi^ f-\zs 


53 


IJG3£;ri sSitf 


174 


c3e;sJosJ7^ r\zi 


192 


3gi^K»S? 


195 


fSejssSo-if hjg 


58 


^5*J3j esoWo ^tiotf BSigji 


225 


jSa dotf 


167 


^;^sa^:> sfjrf 


4 


.S^3 


221 


^a?o3 (aoocSj7fe_5)) 


149 


„ «g^o tSjs^^ 


49 . 


^dos^cf^ ?3j®^\^ 


11 


„ s^ssSo (iiojrtj) 


222 I 


^^o^'rJ ?3j®^^ 


•30 


cS?3 (tidcE*) ^jg^ 


"224 ■" 


5Wi rtjB^O SoigJi • 


220 


S^ffejTS'S^ ?5J35gi^' ■ 


207 = 


£^wW3^^ nzs 


147 


«5ii?3 s^jgjo 


228 ■ 







Vebnacclab Index, 



liii 



to 

sJoocJ r\zt 
b3SjP\ si;rf 

ey,t^zSo!l f\:l 

TT V 



sJjtf 



■ia 



Puffei 

208 

172 

213 

50 

' -4? 
164 

126 

;42 

62 

222 

17 

124 

,156 

,^ '60 

99 

'63 

^88 

57 

i;o9 

' .68 

/•■- 
¥7 

^1^4 
'lbs 

^••l})9 

90 

229 

'1.35 

54 



■Ml 



■if m 

„ «™^^'!„ ^^ 

IS f» 

,, 'ff3?vTi?®3r{v3 f\si 



)» 



sOJBtfart 'siid 



jj rasSrS dad 



Page. 

34 

63 

31 

222 

155 

128 

115 

147 

. 59 

111 

223 

50 

105 

154 

219 

62 

224 

147 

154 

, 24 

: 6 

224 

145 

;i74 

t 86 

23 

143 

I 

51 

no 



liv 



Yeenacular Index. 





Page. 




Page. 


£,V 7if^ teosii ^^i 


220 


e5o:& hrt 


48 


„ ^'^^^ ^^U' 


222 


co:^a sSarf 


172 


jj RtsJ,;!5 ha 


9 


£c^m$ 


21 




167 


liSoricSsrfj sSarf 


23 


jj aoca rfjs^ 


155 


eJs)*^s3 siitf 


112 


83?W 5i;ti 


54 


^^^l 


204 


6)37ia na 


112 


€ivzi s5;cf 


,34 




42 
127 




45 
166 


» ''■^^^ 


153 


Eijs^h (Stf^sfjs^h) sJ:ti 


18 


„■ '^f^^'^^ 


12^ 


sSjs^asShjS 


106 


62,(5)®JS? sSiti 


26 


tp 




6)JSI& ^OoWV" M^y 


79 




BJJS'o) f\ZS 


141 


2iJrf^I^Jgj3 


219 


e5^oS e^ si^ ■ 


152 


spsssv" ^s"^5»c) dad 


24 


jj j^riSJ hzS 


46 ' 


'^?5io5S'^a 


19 


., >^«3 his 


19 


» ^^^ 


}39 


Efei,rioo:i3 PizS 


218 


5^0, 




'iLWj ^oria T\rS 


58 






thip «5^sii^0W3 


227 


sSiortsSjso^jiagi. 


150 


'S'of.r^tiasiorf 


2 


sijorttfosSV^ e09^ 


40 


„ ^S^^^^^ 


206 


sJiorao sioiJ 


89 


» =i?^o^nri^t5.h;S 


89 


s^aos^a WW ^i^^ 


.225 


„ =^.Tfjna 


95 


oSioteS (sijcssa!) sJxi 


61 


J, ^iOJf^SJl hSa 


14§ 


EiieS rt rt:S 


,ii04 


31 


2 




155 


.. >So3 did 


25 


» ^^^^ 


1* 


„ SsSsJ h?J 


. 95 


•ifooeScJ tSiTJd 


204 


„ ^oT&irst 


20 


,, «iiS;hrf 


98 


„ OS^? JS3^ 


224 




194 



Vernacular Index. 



Iv 



\ 


Page. 




Page. 


siiclotcJoar al^ 


4 


sSdi^frf TvJi^s 


47 


did e* eOa sojwj 


226 


53j8r?55W=5'j 5:Jj3;iia55=5'i^^i3eJ3r{j83 


siivSrazi f\S 


10 


sSjsrSet^d eSWDj 


150 


rforf<?'o en3rf^3^P\:S 


97 




223 


dodinaa^w sJjrf 


74 


oja 






f ^s 


cOoosi^ sSWi, 


48 


•Sjsrfniv' f\:S 


33 


w 




sSOB^i siirf 


35 


ti 




si^Srf siod 


4;} 






:ioiJ sSad 


172 


d=5's^orf55'SJid 


54 




12 


dortrfaej ftsj 


12 


!:Joi=5'r? sJjd 


43 


dTijois? 


194 


rfj3rt'l sfjd' 


62 


DSh 


228 


siM^jrionasiid rt:S 


61 


pssdas"!? 


195 


rfOi^i =5=StJ3Jo ?SZi 


94 


nsrfarlo^ nsi 


126 


-a 


51 


DasSasJa^?? sSad 


161 




201 


Uii^o^u :^:)d 


4 


<3 


8 


dons^^ rfjd 


25 


o 




^JlfNrf 


155 


d»syon tSkI 


9 


)> 






124 


d^5!(^ (=3*08^?) ^5{ 


173 




201 


U 




jj «3??<o?sf\a; 


48 






, „ ZSoto 


153 


WT?j8^y dad 


65 




' 83 


v^oTixSkS. dad 


162 


oasSo^e; rfid 


4 


SoJiJjsczS 809 , , 


79 


sJiS's'o^ sSid 


39 


djsfilsid h:« 


205 


^jojssj ^jd 


35 


c{ 




s^>^*rtfc3jKS (?3js?:S5=^55«5) 








73J8^^ 


96 


5S25!j:J5)?a f^^S 


48 


Aes'rSsS r\zS 


127 


s?:«iOTdrf djd . 


61 


rfbes^i) aW, 


IGO 


si?i?5o?Srt hcj 


59 



Ivi 



Veenaculab Index, , 



Fage. 
!3.?3f^S did 51 

Sei3js3 (cS^e^J ^o^ sojaj. nrf ,1,52 
bsi^sSozpio Prf 145 

S5^3 =0=30® 73j®^. 125 









jjps ©c&ii, ^'\ti"i? ^ig^s' 

CO 

r?s3 7^ P\!S ' 

as 

n 



5J 

J» 
J) 
J» 

H 



160 



.£® fa ■ ■ i 

» V ■ ■ 



5) 



26 TjpsiT^ did 
52 ?^s^K7^ ^J^'S^ 



219 



61 
165 



34 
156 
223 

46 
223 
209 
227 
224 
'' 56 
207 
115 
109 
221 
228 
29 

227 



TJdnss? rizi 

;JI;C£03iP5 did 

s)in.2o dod 
?od^6J ?\:S 

^3rS;3 dad . 

?0^doS7^ Tv^ 
?J30'5=3; did 






?jj=* 7?JS3S^ 



Page. 
19 
109 
97 
196 
100 
3 
85 
123 
141 
100 
35 
37 
223 
8 
164 
144 
151 
50 
62 
142 
58 
58 
63 
115 
158 
98 

57 
223 
228 
158 



VBRNACUZiAB I^BBX. 



Ivii 



RjjTia hs 


Paffe. 
D 


E^C^ 


Paffe. 
223 


Kfjrto^ aiV^ 


114 


Spa£)?j (=3*3^1^^) sJod 


- 121 


7iip\r djti 


17 


^%U°^ ^^^ 


^ 100 


53 


63 


^-^6% '^^v 


78 


?si0tfScJ5,^ sSjrf . ,^; 


17 


353^ PJcsSsS nS 


32 


rij!i23 sSaert f\5<S 


109 


2oS?g)M3^ 


195 


?Sjiid5=ifso3 ?3js?g^ ■, ^ 


105 


&=^^S,^V^, 


160 


TSesg jMi 


65 


Sod^ja^sS n:^ 


127 


j^tVoascirf sSitf 


176 


H^^v 


78 


73jaris& ^rt'r) f\j:i 


58 


^:£3fO Si^JS^t? SoJtO" 


226 


^jscii r\zi 


192 


„ ^J&^'S' 


224 


„ ^'^U^ 


222 


., ;^0-2S hsj 


150 


?5j®^ (=#0^5) sS:d 


120 


,j ^JSCZS 6)9 


78 


:«jst^ Pi2S 


84 


„ ?rao n^s 


146 


TjjSl^d O^ 


77 


,, ?io23 ;iod 


33 


fi^zic^ r\zi 


126 


„ tf^SoJ sSjd 


36 


FfS^ mS?^ 


78 


,j Si=#js3^ ?3j8ag|. 


156 






!S02|^^0 hss 


97 


zS 




ssapIS s^jrf 


59 






Soodriw sioti 


37 


■4- 10 


228 


S^idV°=5?c0i f\J^ 


52 


B^rt Ad 


87 


ColtfS? f\ZS 


53 


BooEOJ ^ 


115 




224 


„ ^^'S' !^^^ 


222 


aSotod »fod 


68 


Bgdv'O ?\2S 


169 


jSjsrfdfo dad 


21 


ZpOSS rJjSl^j 


154 




164 


^V'kti 5:^33 


176 




35 


5B?itf3ri^ K?id 


54. 




19 


,, S3se3 sSo^^rt f\5S 


109 


5os5"aoej?Ctrf sSod 


176 


SBiiwaS^ 


78 


„ SojeAd 5J,3d^ 


69 



Iviii 



VEENACtTLAK iNt)£X. 



So&^Jlrf did 
en 



1^263 



Page. 


• 


36 


jSiesiT^jsSjSjsslij 


52 


jojsA dB=# ;^js^ V 


33 


jSjsi^ 5i;ti 


55 


3^;S(S, BoJS JcOtU 


128 


^^SiJD^Tii' ^J8^ . 


63 


^Jswrf ^jsrto rirf 


S) 


„ ^oa)=# !^:i 


102 


„ AM'rloJ P\ZS 


222 


S'S^T^ rf;iJ 



Page. 

156. 
96 
54 

219 

220 
53 
21 

127 
62 



Vernacular in English Characters. 





Page. 




Page. 


A 




Atche (Neneakki) soppu 166 


A'chalumara 


. 60 


Atti mara 


. 176 


A'da ataku mamidi aku 




Avare gida 


. 63 


(Telugu) 


. 152 


Avare 


. 45 


Adaraganohi liambii 


. 28 


B 




Addasarpa gida 


. 112 






Adike mar a 


. 208 


Bacbanige (Hettega) 




A'dumuttada gida 


. 116 


mara 


. 88 


A'dusoge gida 


. 14,2 


Badabakka balli 


67 


1 Agase mara 


. 48 


Badami mara 


6b 


Aije soppu 
Akka jogi gida 


. 166 


Badane g;da 


126 


. 72 


Badanike 


164 


Akki liarivi soppu 


. 165 


Bagani mara 


208 


Akki soppu 


. 167 


Bage mara 


63 


A'la mara 


174 


Baje gida 


213 


A'ladamara 


173 


Bale gida 


194 


Alasandi balli 


52 


„ mara 


108 


Amate mara 


. 44 


Ballagi mara 


17 


Amrada soppu 


122 


Balle hambu 


124 


Ananas gida 


200 


Bana mallige gida 


109 


Ananta gonde hullu 


220 


Bandare gida 


42 


A'ne gajje gida 

A'ne jaji mallige gida .. 


176 


Bangi soppu gida 


172 


109 


Banni mara 


62 


A'ne neggilu gida 


158 


Baragu 


222 


Angarakana gida 


32 


Basale soppu 


156 


Anipe balli 


51 


Basavanapddada mara ... 


60 


AnJTir gida 


175 


Bdstr mallige gida 


109 


Ajikdle mara 


87 


Batfo;i gida 


50 


Annasuli gida 


167 


Battebarikina gida 


48 


Anne soppu 


153 


Bdyi basali balli !!' 


157 


Antaragange gida 


217 


Bekkina ajje balli 


162 


Antu garike huUu 


222 


11 tale gida 


19 


„ ^urule ^da 


164 


^ )i taradugida 


46 


„ togarigida 


20 


Belada mara 


34 


Arale (Anji) gida 


22 


Belekdlu soppu 


45 


Arakkayi mara 


69 


Bellulli , 


204 


Arali ' "ragi (Aswatba) 




Bend^ gida 


21 


mara 


174 


„ n^ru mara 


23 


Arisina buruga mara ... 


11 


Bendugida 


48 


Arisina gida 


193 


„ mara 


172 


„ jinangi mara 


48 


Beppdle mara 


112 


Asdkada mara 


59 


Betta gundu gida 


218 


Atcbari gida 


123 


„ tangadi „ 


58 



Ix 



VEBNACULAB IN ENGLISH CHAEACTEES. 





Page. 


1 


^age. 


Bettada akkabu hullu ... 


227 


Bili yekkada gida 


115 


„ bendu gida 


20 


Bilimbimara 


31 


„ davana gida 


96 


Bilvapatre ma.ra 


34 


„ ganagalumara ... 


2 


Bilvdrada mara 


63 


„ kainmagaggar? 




Biratu mara 


135 


gida 


89 


Biridi mara 


54 


„ kanigala mara ... 


2 


Biti mara 


54 


„ kanne soppu 


206 


Bodina gida 


106 


„ kuppegida 


95 


Boghi (Kiral boghi) ma- 




„ kurivelugida ... 


148 


ra 


18 


„ lale huUu 


224 


Bonte kallim.ara 


166 


„ tutti mara 


25 


Bramhadande gida 


99 


Bhadre hullu 


219 


Buddakakaratige (Tel.). 


42 


BMtala (Penari) mara ... 


24 


Budde (Bondula) gida ... 


127 


Bhimana kaddi 


19 


„ hannu gida 


127 


Boppu 


139 


soppu 


153 


Bidiru 


229 


Blidu kumbala balli 


79 


Bikke gida 


90 


Bugadi gida 


112 


Bili akkabu liiillu 


222 


Blisi gida 


141 


„ basuri mara 


174 


Butale mara 


26 


„ bendu gida 


148 






„ bMtala mara 


86 


C 




„ buruga mara 


23 






„ oHilkarive soppu .. 


154 


Chandra bale 


195 


„ chitramtila gida 


105 


Channiangi mara 


74 


,, dale mara 


'24 


Chapparadabadane gida... 


127 


„ dantu 


154 


Chavuri hullu 


220 


„ dodda kachi buUu .. 


224 


Chendu cheni hullu 


219 


„ guruganji balli 


50 


., mallige gida 


101 


„ Eindi soppu 


155 


Chepe mara 


71 


J, 3ali mara 


. 62 


Chillu mara 


118 


„ jaiTTibu hullu 


219 


Chilkarive soppu 


164 


„ 61a 


. 224 


ChinnadAvare gida 


16 


„ kammagaggare gida. 


• 147 


Chiriveru gida 


89 


„ kanchivalada mara.. 


. 59 


Chitram dla gida 


105 


„ kdsiganigalu gida .. 


. Ill 


Chittu haralu gida 


170 


„ korle hullu 


. 223 


Chittutidi gida 


37 


„ nekkilu gid?. 


. 145 


Chittutandri mara 


162 


„ sdme hullu .. 


.' 222 


Churachurakana gida ... 


176 


„ sanna jambu hullu'.. 


. 220 


Cige gida 


62 


„ sdsiVe gida' 


9 






„ Biili gida 


. 167 


D 




„ t^Tare 


6 






„ tulasi gidft 


. 147 


Dabbe ^winfeu hullu (Vusn 


_ 


„ ummatti gida 


. 128 


mini?) 


219 


„ uttardni gida , 


. 155 


Dagli soppu 


164 


„ -warjipe inara 


. ' 61 


Dalimbare gida 


74 


„ wuppi gida , 


. 110 


Dantu soppu 


154 



VERNACULAR IN ENGLISH CHARACTERS. 



Ixi 



Vage. 

Darbhe (Hodake) hull u. . . 223 

Dasalada gida ... 21 

Dattiira gida ... 7 

Davana gida ... 98 

Devadam mara ... 27 

Devaganagalu mara ... 112 

Devagarige mara ... 16 

Dindiga mara ... 69 

Doddaantu punile hilllu. 226 

„ bili kacH huUu ... 226 

„ bindige gida. ... 19 

„ gdni soppu ... 15 

„ halmekke balli ... 78 

„ bauchi huUu ... 225 

„ patike gida ... 142 

„ patri gida ... 148 

„ purule hullu ... 227 

„ tapri hullu ... 223 

„ vana mugali gida. . 97 

Dr^ksbi gida ... 40 

DumparasmD gida ... 192 

Dundu (obIu suttina) mal- 

lige gida ... 109 

Dtipada mai-a ... 18 

Duranji mara ... 4 



E 



Eruvant^ge mallige gida. 109 

G 

Gabbu soppu ... 95 
Gadde gundu hullu ..» 219 
„ vadavina bulla ... 222 
Gaja nimbe gida ... 33 
Gdjina gadde ... 85 
Ganagalu gida ... 112 
Gdndhiri gida ... 95 
Gaudu akkabu hullu ... 222 
„ bidiru ... 229 
„ gaujalagarike hullu 223 
Ganjalu garike hullu ... 223 
Gantn kachi (Nale) hul- 
lu ... 228 
„ kalu gida ... 141 
Gargatti mara ... 175 
Garike hullu ... 225 



Fage. 

Garngalu, soppu ... 97 

Gasagase gida ••• -6 

GMigegida ■•• 211 

Gejjige gida' ... 56 

Gennu nellavare gida ... 63 

Geru mara ... 44 

Gfida karnike balli •>• 52 

Grilke mara ... 176 

Goddu geru mara ... 44 

„ ichalu mara ... 182 

„ mitli mara ... 173 

Godhi ... 221 

Gdni m.ara ... 173 

Gdranti gida ... 73 

Gdri gida ... 47 

GoriviTnara ... 90 

Gdrklu mara ... 172 

Gouju mara ... 71 

•Gouri balli ... 124 

Gubichi gida ... 140 

Gujja bale ... 195 

Gulabigida ... 64 

Giiltir bale ... 194 

Giindu mallige gida ... 1Q9 

„ tagaci gida ... 58 

Gurige mara ... 166 

Gurugangi balli ... 50 

B 

Hadaga mara ... 87 

Hagalu balli ... 78 

Hakki Tkrji hullu ... 228 

Halasina mara ... 176 

Halippe (Kapptira) mara. 121 

Halmekke, balli ... 78 

HalmuUangi soppu ... 100 

Hambu haraka hullu ... 222 

„ kalli ... 115 

HAraka ... 223 

Haraltcgida ... l69 

Harive soppu ... l54 

Hasaruganni mara ... 54 

Hasaru jAji mallige gida. 109 

mvubdle ' ... 195 

Havuiianjisa gida ... 32 

Heb balasina mara ... 176 

„ b^vina mara ... 36 



Ixii 



VEBNACULAB IN ENGLISH CHAKACTBES. 



Heb hulive mara 
Hejjalada gida_ 
Henmi gorivi gida 
Herile gida 
Hesarii gida 
Hettu tutti gida 
Hippali balli 
Hire balli 
Hirimaddina gida 
Hodike liuUu ... 

Hoge soppu 

Holada menasina gida ... 
„ pundrike gida 
„ togari gida 
Hommugali huila 
Hpnagbne soppu 
Hongemara 
Honnavarike gida 
Honne hA Imllu 

„ mara 
Hotte bage mara 
Hotttitiriigaiia (Siirya. 

kanti) gida 
Howlige mara 
Hule mise huUu 
Hulive mara 
Hiinise mara 
Huragalu mara 
Hurali gida 
Huralikftyi gida 
'Hutchu bevina mara 
.. jola ^ 
„ ■ kdrie Imllu 
„ nare gida 
,. iiimbe mara 
„ ' sakkotti sop'pu ., 
„ tonde balli 
„ tumbe gida 
„ ' yellu gida 
'H^ivarasi mara ., 



I'ohalu mara 
Ingalika mara ' 
Ippe mara 
I'rulli ^ 
I'ewari b^ru 



Page. 

69j 
164' 
35 
33 
52 
19 
160 
78 
127 
222 
128 
127 
21 
53 
220i 
' i55 
65 
'. 96 
219 
54 
. 63 

102 
62 

224 



Page. 



Jade sbankara (tene) hul- 

lu - 226 

„ tenehuUu .•• 229 

Jagalagantimara .■• .lOS 

Jain bale •■• 195 

Jajikayi taara ... 161 

Jalari mara ■•• 18 

Jandubullu .•• 229 

Jane rnara ••• 26 

Jantalamara .-. 112 

Japalada gida ... 168 

JariHiillu ••■ 227 

Jirige gida .■. 85 

J61a • ... 221 

Juburu korle buUu ... 227 

Jumbubuilu ... 212 

Jutluve balli ... 115 



59 

37 

53 

52 

36 

224 

226 

146 

,33 

156 

78 

150i 

97 

22 



209 
34 
107 
204 
160 



Kabb^suri mara 

Kabbu 

Kacinapatta (Hind) 

Kadagada mara 

Kadale gida ... 

Kaddi yerakina gida ... 

EZadu atti mara 

„ avare gida 

„ baragu hullu 

„ bende gida 

I, benne bidiru soppou. 

„ bili sajjabu bullu ... 

„ „ same huUu ... 

„ budde gida 

„ dabbe hullu 

„ gandu tutti gida ... 

„ gtougalu gida 

„ garugalu gida 

„ gasagase buUu ... 

„ gdbligida 

„ gnndij hullu 

., haraka hullu 

„ hoge soppu 

„ hbnge mara 

„ hurali gida 

„ ippe mara 



175 
223 
100 
88 
50 
141 
175 
51 
222 
21 
207 
227 
222 
46 
226 
.22 
112 
76 
227 
99 
219 
222 
129 
136 
53 
107 



VEBNACUIiAB IN ENGLISH CHARACTEES. 



Ixiii 



Page. 

197 

227 

143 

53 

78 
227 



Kadn irnli gadde 
„ jade navane hullu., 
„ ]61a gida 
„ tadalegida 
„ kahi hire balli 
„ kambu hnllu 
„ kanigala (k61tega) 

mara ... 2 

„ karebe gida ... 33 
„ kari dappa sajje 

buUu ... 22,5 

„ kama knndala gida. 31 

„ kempu jirige gida... 118 

„ kumbala balli ... 41 

„ mallige gida ... 109 
„ (mara) g e n a s u 

gaidde ...168 «fc 201 

„ menasu gida ... 32 

„ navane buUu ... 227 

„ nili balli ^ ^ ... 47 
„ nimbe (Naye belada) 

mara ... 33 

„ nose buUu ... 225 

„ omu gida ... 84 

„ pullampursi soppu ... 49 

„ sabbasige soppu ... 7 

„ „ • bulla ' ... 219 

„ sannabaraka hallu. 226 
„ „ kari sajje bul- 

lu... 226 

„ „ patri gida ... 147 

„ same hullu ... 225 

„ sasive gida ... 8 

„ tamme balli ... 52 

,, togarigida ... 54 

„ tdmbe gida ... 150 

„ tunge gida ' ... 150 

„ Tuddugida ... 52 

„ vusumani- hullu ... 220 

I^age mare balli ... 77 

,', purulegida ... 83 

KAggali mara ... 62 

Kakkemara ... 5$ 

Kallalada mara ... 174i 

Kallattimara ... 176 

Kalli mara ... 16^ 

Kamala ... ;6 

Kammagaggare gida ... 147 



Kanohivalada mara 
Kangondi balli 
Kankutgal mara 
Kanne soppu 
Kapi gida " 

Karachi mara ^ 

kdi-adi kaci hnjlu ", 

„ kannina gadde 
Karbiij balli .'" 

Kare gida "' 

Kari arale (anji) gida !!! 

,j basuri mara 

), be vu mara 

!, dappa hanchi hullu, 

„ hesare mara 

„ hindi soppu 

') jali (gobli) mara ... 

„ jinangi mara 

„ kachigida 

„ kammagaggare gida, 

„ korle hullu 

„ nekkilu gida 

„ sauna hanchi hullu. 

j> „ jambu hullu... 

„ sasive gida 
tulasi gida 
turukaharalu gida... 

,. ummatti gida 

„ Tunagada hullu ... 
Karjiira 

Karptirada mara 
Kasturi jali mara 



J) 



gida 

Kdt-kumbla mara 
Kattali 
Katte bdle 

„ Mdi hullu 

„ mallige gida 
Kattirigida 
Kavakiila gida 
Kekkarike 'balli 
Kempu buruga mara ... 

„ chilkarive soppu. 

„ chitram{ila gida. ., 

„ ci'gegida 

„ ddle mara 

„ dantu 



Page. 

60 
39 
16 

207 

59 

223 

203 

79 

90 

23 

175 

33 

224 

4 

94 

62 

48 

126 

147 

225 

145 

225 

219 

8 

147 

168 

128 

228 

209 

149 

62 

147 

169 

198 

194 

220 

109 

10 

75 

78 

23 

154 

105 

62 

24 

154 



Ixiv 



VERNACULAR IN ENGLISH CHABACTERS. 



Kempu gulla gida 
,, jambu hullu 
„ kachi gida 
„ kasi ganugalu 
gida 
„' pundrike gida 
„ tavare ■ 

Kenjige mara 

Kere bendu gida ...75 
„ Lippali soppu 

Kesarike mara 

Kesave dantu 

Kirunelli gida 

'""■ „ mara 

Kittaie mara 

Kolavanke gida 

Kdli juttu soppu 

Koltagaci gida 

Kdltega (kadu kanigalu 
mara) 

Komarak mara 

Komme soppu 

Kdnana Kombu mara 
„ tale hullu 

Kondamamidi manu 

^ . . '^'^^^^ 
Konnda gida .. 

Korle hullu 

Kottumbari soppu 

Ktdali soppu 

Kudure masale soppu 

Kugati mara 

Euli (kasmiri) mara 

Kumbala balli 

Kunkumada mara 

Kuppi gida 

Kuridi gida 

Kurtige gida 

Kurudii kajjiga gida 

Kusuinbe soppu 

Kusutaba gida 

Knve (Bobbi) mara 



Lakkote mara 
LaTangapatte mara 
linga tonde balli 
Lolisara gida 



Page. Page. 

126 M 

219 

126 Madavdlagida ... 33 

Mddi mara ... 35 

111 Madaranga bale ... 194 

21 Majjige b6ru gida ,.. 155 

6 „ gadde ... 204 

56 „ soppu ... 14 

kl68 Manchadakalu hullu ... 225, 

144 Mangamari soppu ... 150 
178 Mangdrimara ... 89 
213 Mangamvalli balli ... 40 
167 Maujatti (Manjadi) mara. 61 
167 Manjina naru ... '204 

34 Manji patre gida ... 98 

138 Manoranj an balli ... 4 
73 Mara akkabu hullu ... 226 
58 Mara gfide gida ... IQ 

Marlu ummatti gida .,. 97 

2 Maruvaohala mara ... 74 

31 Mavena mara ... 43 

83 Menasina gida ... 127 

136 Menasu balli ... 167 

226 Mentyada soppu ... 47 

Miridi gida ... 12 

36 Mitli mara ... 172 

m Mobbu ganjala garike 

223 Mlu ' ... 228 

85 Moga ataku mamidi chet- 

139 tu (Tel.) . ... 83 
47 Mogabirachettu,(Tel.) ... 150 
42 Mtidamara ' ... 35 

145 Mudi genasu gadde ... 201 
79 Mudde kosu ... g 

169 Miidugattina (Bodu- 

169 kadale) soppu... 96 

,40 Mudugudavare gida ... €1 

9 MugaR mara ... 62 

66 Mukarive mara ... 39 

99 Mullaigi gadde ... 9 

99 Mulli balli ... 124 

17 MuUn'basale soppu ... 83 

„ 'dantu ... 153 

„ "genasu ga^de .., 201 

65 ' ,) jinangigida ... 48 

162 „ rdmaphala mara... 4 

79 Murkali mara ... 43 

205 Muttugamara ... 51 



VEENACULAB IN ENGLISH CHAEACTEBS. 



Ixv 



Page. 

Muttu karasi gida ... 94 

N 

Ndgare gida ... 38 

If agare gida ... 89 

Ifafgasampage mara ...> 17 

Kama sakkotti soppu ... 156 

Nandibatlu gida ... ]12 

Nandi mara ... 74 
Nanjinakoradu (Mush- 

ti) mara ... _ 118 

Narambele soppu ..." 10 

Naranji balli ... 124 

Narave (I'ji) mara ... 145 

Naribdlada gandu bullu. 227 

„ bullu .;. 226 

Nasugunni balli ... 51 

Nata bu gida ... 144 

Natchu kaddi ... 141 

Navane (kan) ... 222 

Navilu banuada bullu ... ^26 

„ dondi bullu ... 226 

Navladi mara ... 145 

Nayi kalame gida ... Ill 

„ nerale mara ... 71 

„ tulasi gida ... 147 

Negalu kanne soppu ... 207 

Nekkilugida , ... 145 

Nela bevina gida ... 141 

„ bidaru bullu ... 226 

„ chelu soppu ... 207 

„ (Biru) kadale gida.. 60 

•„ sampage gida 1.. 192 

„ -^agacigida ... 58 

Kela varike gida ... 68 

Kella shama (Telugu) ... 222 

Ifellavare gida ... 53 

Nelli mara ... 167 

Nellu . ... 221 

„ jellu soppu ... 49 

Kese (Lavanchi) bullu... '2SA 

Nili balli ... 47 

„ gida ... 47 

Ifiinbe gida ... 33 

NiraTanji mara ... 179 

Niru bair'agu bulla ... 228 

„ br^mbi soppu ... 129 

„ ginagalu gida ... 158 



Niru goni soppu 
„ sabbasige bullu 
„ sajje bullu 
„ vusumani bullu 

Nose bullu 

Nugge mara 

Nunamaram (Tamil) 

Nunnuni gida 

O 

Obblumara^ 
Olle bevina mara 
Olle tangadi gida 

„ tulasi gida 

„ tumbe gida 

„ tiipra m.ara 

„ yellu gida 
O'mu gida 
Ondelaga soppu 
Oogani hambu 
Oogu bullu 
Oonni mara 

P 
Pacbe balQ 
Pacberi mara 
Padari m.ara 
Padavalu balli 
Pagade mara 
Pannerile mara 
Pdpas kattali 
Papati gida 
PApuli gida 
Paraugi akki bullu 

,/ marsl! ' 

„ m.enasina gida . 
Parijita gida 
Parp^taka . soppu 
Parpuli gida ' 

Patangada mara , 

Patcbe' tene gida , 

Pavate mara 
Pennajuttuve gida. 
Petlugori bullu , 

Pilalada mara 
Pudifta (Hind.) 
PuUampurasi soppu 
Parusharatna soppu 
Putta bale 



"Page. 

. 130 
. 219 
, 222 
, 220 
, 228 
, 44 
91 
66 



12 

36 

58 

147 

150 

108 

137 

84 

84 

123 

219 

18 



195 

54 

136 

77 

10'7 

71 

81 

89 

39 

226 

77 

127 

110 

83 

40 

56 

148 

90 

147 

220 

174 

149 

30 

11 

195 



Ixvi 



VERNACULAR IN ENGLISH CHARACTERS. 





Page. 


Puttrajivi mara 


4 


Puttu antu purule huUu. 
R 


225 


XV 

Eagi 


228 


Eajabale 


195 


RaktacKandana mara ... 


54 


Eama guUa gida 


126 


Eamanadike mara 


161 


Edmaphdla mara 


4 


Rangumdle gida 


12 


Easatale 


194 


Eestme (Kambali) gida. 


173 


Eudrakshi hu gida .... 


155 


„ mara 


25 


S 




Satbasige soppu 


85 


Sajje 


22,3 


Sakkdtti mara 


34 


(gida) soppu ... 


1.56 


Saladi 


100 


Silmbrani mara 


35 


Same 


223 


Sampage mara 


3 


SamudrapAla balli 


123 


Sanabu gida 


46 


Sanna antu purulei huUu. 


223 


„ bindige gida 


19 


„ dabbe bullu 


228 


„ gajjiga gida 


56 


„ igerse hambu 


115 


„ gundu huUu 


207 


„ bugu bullu 


227 


„ ichalu mara ... 


209 


„ jajimalligegida... 


109 


., karikdcbihullu... 


224 


„ malle gida 


109 


„ neggilu gida 


29 


„ purule buUu ... 


227 


„ sankudali gida ... 


196 


„ tapriballi 


221 


„ vana mugali gida. 


97 


Sanni gida 


100 


Sarad&le gadde 


141 


Sasive ... 


8 





Page. 


Sayadangi gida 


... 126 


Savute balli 


... 78 


Seluvarada mara 


.'.. 176 


Sevuntige gida 


... 98 


Sevn gida 


... 65 


Sibe gida 


... 142 


Sigare badnike 


... 164 


Sfgati gidi 


... 60 


Sime agase gida 


... 58 


„ bunise mara 


63 


„ tangadi mara 


... 58 


Siranige hambu 


... 115 


„ soppu 


... 158 


Sirantu gida 


... 144 


Sirapotii gida 


... 151 


Sivalinga mara 


... 61 


Sogadu tagaci gida 


... 58 


Solle (kendal) mara 


... 120 


Sonti gida 


... 192 


„ bulla 


... 222 


Sopu gida 


... 84 


Sore balli 


... 77 


Srigaudba mara 


... 165 


Sugadi gida 


5 


Sugandhi balli 


... 114 


Sujjalumara 


... 63 


Siiji mallige gida 
Sukke soppu 


... 109 


... 158 


Sunkatti mara 


... 57 


Sunku dabbe hullu 


... 228 


„ tene hullu 


... 223 


Surahonne mara 


... 17 


Surgi mara 


... 17 


Sinyakanti soppu 


... 105 


Swami mara 


... 37 


T 




Tadasalu mara 


... 26 


Taggi mara 


... 146 


Tale mara 


... 208 


Tamate gida 


... 52 


Tandrasi gida 


... 39 


Tapasi .mara 


... 121 


Tare mara 


... 68 


Tegada mara 


... 144 


Tengina mara 


... 209 



YERNACULAE IN ENGLISH CHABACTEKS. 



iXvii 



Vage. 



Tondi balli 


79 


Tora matti (Bill matti) 




mara 


69 


Totla gida 


10 


Tulasigida 


147 


Tunge huUu 


219 


Tappada hire balli 


78 


Tupramara 


108 


Tumikageru ma ra 


43 


' „ (kadu) haralu 




. gida 


168 


„ togarigida 


53 


Tutti gida' 


20 


. U 




Udi (ainti) mara 


43 


Uralagadde 


126 


UttaraiTii gidk 


155 


V 




Vatia sampage* gida 


59 


Vibbuti (Mlkughante 




hu) gida 


152 


Vilyadele balli 


160 



Visbmadhari gida 
Visbnukranti soppu 
Vuddu gida 
Viisum.dni bullu 

W 

Wadu -warada mara 
Wajarada nili gida 
Warjipe mara 
Wudipe gida 

Y 

Tale jambu huUu 
Yedamuri gida 
Teddar4nike gida 
Tekkada gida 
Yelacbi mara ■* 
Telakki bale 
gida 
Yele bale 
Yellaga mara 
Yempali obettu 
Yennebudige gida 
Yettacada mara 



Page. 

. 145 

. 125 

. 52 

. 219 



61 

48 
51 
26 



219 

24 

90 
115 

39 
194' 
193 
194 
162 

48 
121 

89