(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Naval accounts and inventories of the reign of Henry VII, 1485-8 and 1495-7"

no 




President White Library, 
Cornell university. 



4j^rvV7 



LimWEX 



















Ml 11 I ^ 






































































































































QAYLORD 






PRINTED IN U.SA 



r» . ,» • Cornell University Library 
DA 70. A 1 vol.8 



Naval accounts and inventories of the re 




3 1924 006 214 369 




Cornell University 
Library 



The original of tiiis book is in 
tine Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924006214369 



PUBLICATIONS 

OF THE 

NAVY RECORDS SOCIETY 

Vol. VIII. 



Naval Accounts and 
Inventories 



3fnt)entorifs 

OF THE REIGN OF HENRY VH 

1485-8 AND 1495-7 



EDITED BY 

M. OPPENHEIM 




PRINTED FOR THE NAVY RECORDS SOCIETY 
MDCCCXCVI 



\ (rxrc^' 



THE COUNCIL 



NAVY RECORDS SOCIETY 

1896-7 



PATRONS 

His Roval Highness the DUKE OF SAXE-COBURG AND GOTHA, 

K.G., K.T., &c. 

His Royal Highness the DUKE OF YORK, K.G., &c. 

PRESIDENT 
EARL SPENCER, K.G. 



VICE-PRESIDENTS 



Admiral Sir R. V. Hamilton, 

G.C.B. 
Marquis of Lothian, K.T. 



Sir Clements R. Markham, 

K.C.B., F.R.S. 
Earl of Northbrook, G.C. S.I. 



COUNCILLORS 



Liedt.-Col. Eustace Balfour. 
Rear-Admieal Sir Frederick 

Bedford, K.CB. 
Hon. T. a. Brassey. 
Oscar Browning. 
Professor Montagu Burrows. 
J. Austen Chamberlain, M.P. 
Lieut. -Gen. Sir A. Clarke, 

G.C.M.G. 
Lieut. -Col. Sir George Clarke, 

K.C.M.G., F.R.S. 
Vice-Admiral Colomb. 
Lieut.-Col. L. Edye. 
Admiral Sir Edward Fan- 

shawb, g.c.b. 



J. R. Dasent, C.B. 

Dr. Francis Elgar, F.R.S. 

Capt. H. H. Grenfell, R.N. 

Sidney Lee. 

Sir Alfred C. Lyall, K.C.B. 

Rear-Adml. a. H. Markham. 

Hon. Sir R. Meade, K.C.B. 

CoMM. C. N. Robinson, R.N. 

B. F. Stevens. 

J. R. Thursfield. 

H. Seymour Trower. 

Rear-Admiral Wharton, C.B., 

F.R.S. 
Captain S. Eardley Wilmot, 

R.N. 



SECRETARY 
Professor J. K. Laughton, King's College, London, W.C. 

TREASURER 
H. F. R. YORKE, Admiralty, S.W. 



The Council of the Navy Records Society wish 
it to be distinctly understood that they are not answer- 
able for any opinions or observations that may appear 
in the Society's publications. For these the responsi- 
bility rests entirely with the Editors of the several works. 




INTRODUCTION 



The two manuscripts here printed are known 
among the State Papers as Chapter House Book, 
Vol. vii., and Augmentation Office Book, No. 316, 
being so called from their original places of deposit, 
the one in the Chapter House at Westminster, and 
the other in the office of the Court of Augmentation 
of the King's Revenue. They belong to the class, 
of which too few remain, of ' fair copies,' for official 
use and reference, of the various expenses under 
several heads for one or more years. Although not 
the earliest known in point of time they are the first 
written in English, and are much fuller and more 
detailed than any previous accounts of the kind. 

The subjects contained in the two volumes are 
not purely naval, but also include certain matters 
of shipping and transport which presumably came 
under the superintendence of the Clerk of the 
Ships as part of the business of his post. The 
Chapter House Book deals with the money received 
between 1485-8 by Thomas Roger, then Clerk of 
the Ships, and his disbursements for the equipment 



viii INTRODUCTION 

of ships, their safe keeping in harbour, the payments 
for hired vessels, the administrative expenses of the 
office, and inventories of ships' tackle and gear. In 
the same volume, with no break except the heading 
on p. 82, is the account of the field train, ammuni- 
tion, and ordnance stores generally, shipped to the 
north in 1497 for the use of the army, acting under 
the command of the Earl of Surrey, against James IV. 
of Scodand. It has been decided to print it, although 
possibly it has no connection with naval matters ; 
on the other hand it may appear in its position in 
the volume because the Clerk of the Ships was 
responsible for the details of transport. The 
Augmentation Office Book contains the accounts 
of Robert Brygandyne, then the newly appointed 
Clerk of the Ships, from May 1495 until December 
1497. During this period a total sum of 
2,061/. 185. 7flf. was expended on the construction of 
a dry dock at Portsmouth (pp. 143-60), fitting the 
Sovereign for a trading voyage to the Levant 
(pp. 1 6 1-2 1 8), preparing the Regent for service on 
the Scotch coast in 1497 (pp. 218-52), other 
matters relating to the Regent (pp. 253-90), and 
the cost of building the Sweepstake and Mary 
Fortune (pp. 290-^337). The volume also contains 
various inventories of the stores belonging to, or 
bought for, these ships, and for hired merchantmen 
acting with the men-of-war. 

By some inquirers Henry VII. has been regarded 
as the founder of the modern royal navy, but, 
although he prepared the way for the gigantic stride 
forward made in the next reign, there is no evidence 
that his naval policy was more than that of a 



INTRODUCTION ix 

provident and careful monarch, desirous of the 
commercial success of his subjects, and aware of the 
necessity for a Crown navy as a nucleus for fleets 
made up of armed merchantmen. There was no 
necessity for a great navy. Occupied in con- 
solidating his position, and averse to wars of 
adventure, Henry had no need of the fleets his 
predecessors had required for their wars with 
France, and that were enforced on his son by a 
system of interference in European politics. Yet 
there are facts that distinguish his reign from those 
of his predecessors. To have built the largest man- 
of-war yet owned by the Crown, to have founded 
Portsmouth dockyard, and to have inaugurated the 
bounty system, mark a policy which, so far as the last 
two circumstances were concerned, was based on a 
different principle from anything that had before 
existed. Earlier kings had been content with a 
navy which was powerful enough for their needs at 
the moment. It was Henry's aim to form a re- 
serve on which a navy could be built up and which 
would be co-extensive with the whole maritime 
strength of the kingdom. 

The royal navy had practically ceased to exist 
with Henry V. That sovereign had increased it 
to an unprecedented strength, fdr, at one time, it 
included at least thirty-eight vessels, some of them 
ranging from 400 to 600 tons. At his death there 
were some thirty-three or thirty-four, but one of the 
first acts of the Council of Regency was to order 
the sale of the navy. The history of the thirteenth, 
fourteenth, and fifteenth centuries shows that there 
was not only no continuity of naval policy, but that 



X INTRODUCTION 

the navy was regarded mainly as a subsidiary arm, 
useful for transport, or to clear the way for military 
transport, but with no value as a weapon in itself, 
capable of obtaining decisive results, Its operations 
were always fragmentary. Fleets were sent out to 
attack other fleets, and, with a victory, their work 
was ended ; there was never any consecutive and 
continuous action based on a knowledge of the 
effect of the command of the sea. Yet even then 
the lesson might have been learnt from the 
historians of the ancient world. Henry V., as a 
consequence of his French wars, owed money on 
all sides when he died, and it was many years 
before these debts were all cleared — if some of them 
were ever paid at all. A very large portion of his 
expenditure was due to a naval policy that had 
created a royal fleet on a larger scale than had 
been known hitherto ; and the results to the .Ex- 
chequer may have struck the Council with dismay 
in an age when knights and archers were regarded as 
the only reliable military units. Whether the Council 
of Regency was moved by motives of economy, the 
fact that both shores of the Channel were under 
English rule, or a deliberate intention to adopt a 
new plan, the result was that by 1430 the navy 
was represented by two or three dismantled hulks 
only. But the alternative system they affected was, 
in the long run, even more expensive than the 
maintenance of a Crown force. Just as military 
adventurers undertook for a certain sum to raise a 
band of men-at-arms and archers for service in 
France, so others engaged to serve at sea with a 
specified number of ships and men for a given time. 



INTRODUCTION xi 

They usually obtained a part payment in advance, 
and there is every reason to believe that the under- 
takings were seldom strictly carried out, either in 
respect of the length of time or the armed strength 
promised. The chartering of armed merchantmen 
suitable for warfare, the recruiting of soldiers and 
sailors, their equipment and victualling, were all 
left in the hands of the persons who had entered 
into these indentures. There is no evidence that 
the Crown exercised any supervision through its 
own officials, and it was obviously to the interest of 
the contractors to give as little as might be for the 
money they received. Although the results were 
not satisfactory this method remained in use 
throughout the reign of Henry VI. ; the poverty of 
the Crown prevented the reconstitution of the royal 
navy, even if the desire existed to re-create it. 
Every session of Parliament was signalised, how- 
ever, by complaints about the losses incurred 
through piracy, which the guard of the seas, such 
as it was, was quite unable to master. 

Edward IV. again established a permanent 
force, and bought vessels at various times throughout 
his reign. Of the ships mentioned in the Chapter 
House Book, the Grace Dieu, the Mary of the 
Tower, and the Martin Garsia, were purchases 
made by him, the Governor by Richard III., and 
were all four obtained by Henry with the crown. 
The fact that all Edward's ships were purchases sug- 
gests that there were no government establishments 
capable of building. But in 1473 and in 1483 
there are references to the building or rebuilding of 
the Grace Dieu and Mary Ashe, although there is 



xii INTRODUCTION 

nothing to inform us whether the work was done by 
the Crown or a subject. Henry V. built ships at 
Southampton, Deptford, and doubtless elsewhere, 
probably on his own land, and certainly with his 
own workmen. At Southampton he had a store- 
house and a forge for the service of the ships 
lying in Southampton Water and the river Hamble. 
The buildings and tools at Southampton were sold 
with the navy and, with the exception of a repository 
in the Tower appropriated down to 1450 to the 
storage of sails, anchors, &c., belonging to ships 
which had ceased to exist, there was, for more than 
half a century, no government establishment of any 
sort. There was nothing exceptional in the fact of 
Henry V. possessing these essentials to adminis- 
tration. Nearly all his predecessors had owned 
similar yards or buildings, and the singularity lies in 
the fact that, after some centuries of experience, it 
should have been considered possible to discard a 
royal navy as useless or unnecessary. The circum- 
stance throws considerable light on the confusion 
of thought and action characterising the reign of 
Henry VI. 

In the same way as the fleet was renewed by 
Edward IV., so he reinstituted the administration, 
which had also been allowed to drop out of existence. 
Administration, however, with all it connotes to the 
modern reader, is perhaps too dignified a word to 
apply to the governmental mechanism used in the 
management of the navy. For centuries the 
Admiralty had simply consisted of an officer known 
as the Keeper and Governor of the King's Ships, 
or, later, as the Clerk of the Ships, acting under the 



INTRODUCTION xiii 

instructions of the King or of the King's council. 
Sometimes, when there was much work in hand, he 
was assisted by other persons, but he alone acted 
under Letters Patent and held official rank ; doubt- 
less he had servants and subordinates although they 
never come into notice. The references, indeed, to 
the Clerk or Keeper himself are not frequent, and it 
would almost appear as though in the thirteenth and 
fourteenth centuries his charge related mainly to the 
care of the King's ships in time of peace. The 
admirals in command of fleets at sea appear to have 
undertaken the necessary administrative responsi- 
bilities as well as their more especial military ones. 

The earliest of the Keepers known is William of 
Wrotham, afterwards Archdeacon of Taunton, in 
the reign of John. It is extremely improbable that 
the post was first instituted by John, although he may 
have enlarged the powers of its holder and given 
him higher rank in the official hierarchy. Although 
William of Wrotham is the first Keeper of whom 
we have knowledge, it is likely that he had pre- 
decessors, and that their office was a copy or a 
modification of a similar one held by servants of the 
Norman dukes even before the, Conquest. That it 
was so often a domestic office, held by members of 
the royal household, seems to point to an antiquity 
coeval with other posts connected with the person or 
possessions of the monarch. 

William of Wrotham was not the only cleric who 
held the appointment of Keeper, but socially he was 
perhaps of a higher rank than any of his clerical or 
lay successors. From the reign of John until the 
formation of the Navy Board by Henry VIII., when 



xiv INTRODUCTION 

the Clerk of the Ships became merely a subordinate 
official, the post was never once held by any man of 
mark in naval or political history. During the 
fifteenth and sixteenth centuries the Clerks were 
persons who either held minor appointments in the 
royal household, or successful merchants pecuniarily 
able to assist the Crown. The reign of Henry V. 
was one in which this tendency became strongly 
marked. During the earlier years of his reign the 
Keeper was William Catton, who had held the 
control under Henry IV., while also, as bailiff, 
representing the Crown at Winchilsea. Either the 
work was too heavy for Catton alone, or some one 
with money was required as a coadjutor, probably 
the latter.- William Soper, a wealthy merchant of 
Southampton, was, during Catton's term of office, 
executing the same functions as the Keeper, so far 
as building and repairing men-of-war were concerned. 
A third person, Robert Berd, superintended the 
construction of the Grace Dieu, the finest ship yet 
built for the Crown. With what friction this triple 
arrangement must have worked we can imagine 
without material evidence. From 1420, Soper, 
twice mayor of Southampton and several times one 
of its representatives in parliament, became sole 
Keeper, and the Crown was certainly indebted to 
him financially down to 1430. He resigned in 1442, 
the destruction of the navy having left him no func- 
tions, and — it is not perhaps uncharitable to suppose 
— offering no opportunities for commissions and 
perquisites. For the next ten years Richard Cly ve- 
don, a ' yeoman of the Crown ' (p. 28, note), and 
belonging to the household, held the office. Beyond 



INTRODUCTION xv 

a few trifling payments connected with administra- 
tion, there is no indication of his interference in 
naval matters, and his appointment was meant more 
perhaps as a mark of favour than on account of any 
use that could be made of his services, seeing that 
the nobles and others who undertook to keep the 
seas would naturally prefer the assistance of their 
own servants and confidants. 

If there was any Clerk of the Ships between 
1452 and 1480 he has left no sign of his existence. 
In 1465 there is a solitary reference to Piers 
Bowman as ' Clerk of our Shippes ' ; his name is not 
to be found on the Patent Roll, nor among the Ex- 
chequer Warrants as in receipt of a salary, and it 
was probably only a temporary and local appoint- 
ment. In the same year a payment of 157/. %s. was 
made to Richard ffelawe of Ipswich, for repairing 
and ' keeping our ship ' the Margaret ; and there are 
other entries showing that money for repairing ships, 
and pressing, paying, and victualling men, was 
frequently paid over for distribution to captains, 
pursers, or even to persons apparently unconnected 
with naval affairs. In 1 480 the Thomas Roger of the 
first section of this volume was nominated by Letters 
Patent of December 12. The determining cause 
of Roger's appointment was, possibly, the prepara- 
tions for an invasion of Scotland which were being 
made throughout the winter of 1 480-1. The actual 
invasion, under the Duke of Gloucester, did not 
occur until 1482, and the amount of service done 
by the fleet is not known, but naval necessaries in 
the way of ships, stores, and men, were being ob- 
tained on a sufficiently large scale, in 1481, to 



xvi INTRODUCTION 

render advisable the nomination of an official and 
responsible head. As in the patent recited here 
(pp. 3-5) Roger was granted one shilling a day for 
himself, and sixpence a day for a clerk, but had only 
two shillings a day for travelling expenses, when riding 
about on the King's business, instead of the three 
shillings allowed by the later patent of i486. There 
are occasional references during the reign of Edward 
IV. to payments made to and by Roger in the 
exercise of his office, but money is issued from the 
Exchequer just as frequently to stewards, pursers, 
and others, for purposes such as wages, victualling, 
and the purchase of stores, that might be presumed 
to come especially within Roger's duties. The next 
patent to that of 1480, a pardon for all transgres- 
sions and offences, was obtained from Richard III., 
and he is therein described as a citizen and fish- 
monger of London, and as late purser of the late 
King's ship called the Antony. This was followed 
by another patent in 1485, also from Richard, 
appointing him and Thomas Gale as Clerks, with 
reversion to the longest liver. Gale was Customer 
of Exeter, but does not appear to have exercised 
his naval office ; the form of double appointment, 
frequent enough afterwards, is the first of the kind 
known to the writer. The accession of Henry VII. 
compelled Roger to obtain a further pardon dated 
November 14, 1485, and this was followed by the 
patent here printed of February 21, i486, reap- 
pointing him Clerk of the Ships. To have kept his 
place under such difficult and changing conditions, 
and such suspicious rulers as Richard III. and 
Henry VII., he must have been a man of some ad- 



IN TROD UC TION xvii 

dress and regarded as either exceptionally competent, 
or desirable on account of the financial assistance 
he was able to give the government. The latter 
is very likely the real explanation, as, when he died, 
he was seised of the manors of Runbaldeswyk 
(Rumbalswick) and Holyngardyn in Sussex ; of 
Westyngton in Hertfordshire, arid half of the 
advowson of Eyott in the parish of Welwyn. In 
Staffordshire he possessed nothing at his decease, 
but apparently had owned land formerly in that 
county. It is curious that while his wife names 
February 25, 1488, as the date of his death (p. 6), 
the Escheators' Inquisitions of both Sussex and 
Staffordshire give January 19. His property was 
left in trust for his daughter Elizabeth, aged twelve 
years, but already married to William Essex. 

Roger was succeeded by William Comersall, or 
Combresale, who is only incidentally mentioned in 
this volume. In 1478, however, Combresale had 
been master of a royal ship, the Trinity, and may 
have been chosen for his practical knowledge. But 
there is some reason to suppose, from the condition 
of the ships when Brygandyne succeeded him and 
from the phrasing used on pp. 135, 138, 278, that 
Combresale's term ended not by death but by dis- 
missal. The grants of these appointments were 
for life, but there could have been no difficulty in 
getting rid of an undesirable holder. 

Robert Brygandyne, a yeoman of the Crown, 
took up the work from May i, 1495 (p. 138), 
although his patent is dated May 19. He remained 
in office until at least 1523, and the intervening 
years of the two Henries cover a transitional period 

N.A. a 



xviii IN TR OD UC TION 

of the change from the mediaeval to the beginnings 
of the modern navy, in which he played a part, and 
possibly an important one. Brygandyne probably 
belonged to a family that had been settled at 
Wachenden, in Kent, since at least the reign of 
Henry IV., and was socially therefore of a higher 
rank than his predecessors since Clyvedon. He 
was not, however, of gentle blood. The name 
does not occur in a list of the ' gentils of Kent,' of 
the time of Henry VII., given in a Cottonian MS. ; 
but a Richard Brikenden, described as a yeoman, 
was assessed at five marks for a subsidy collected in 
1542. As other yeomen in the same list were 
rated as high as 20/., it may be assumed that the 
original family stock held no very high place, in a 
worldly sense, among their class. From the entry 
on p. 323, of a payment to Alice Brygandyne for the 
hire of ground at Smalhithe on which the Mary 
Fortune was built, we may infer that some member of 
the family, perhaps his wife, was a landowner there. 
Robert Brygandyne was doubtless well known to, and 
liked by, Henry, as in 1490 he had been given an 
annuity of 10/. for life, and, in the same year, allowed 
to purchase a lease for seven years of the subsidies 
on cloth sold in Kent, and half the forfeitures on those 
insufficiently sealed. For this he paid 20/. 3^. i^d. a 
year. During the remainder of the reign of Henry 
VII. Brygandyne alone had charge of naval matters ; 
and although, under Henry VIII., there were others 
occupied in administrative work with him, he still 
retained the foremost position. Either because 
Henry felt an actual interest in the navy, or from 
constitutional distrust, he seems to have himself 



INTRODUCTION xix 

interfered in details. His interview with Brygandyne 
on I May, 1495 (p. 138), may be referred to the cir- 
cumstance of a new appointment ; but that of the 
following 6 June (p. 254) and the expenses incurred 
by Richard Symondes, in twice riding between 
Southampton and London to see the King about the 
Grace Dieu (p. 21), point to different motives. 

Two other influential officials, several times 
mentioned in the following pages. Sir Richard 
Guldeford and Sir Reginald Bray, require brief 
notice since they were severally intrusted with the 
construction of the two largest ships of. the reign ; 
and Bray was possibly the designer of Portsmouth 
dock. Sir Richard Guldeford, or Guildford, is 
referred to in these papers as acting in various 
capacities, but he is first spoken of as receiving the 
Martin Garsia, which had only remained four days 
in Roger's hands, as a gift from the King (pp. b^, 70). 
Not improbably the Martin Garsia became the 
Mary Guldeford (p. 28), which ship belonged to Sir 
Richard, and makes her appearance in the Tellers' 
Rolls as a hired vessel in i486. The gift is an 
indication of the favour and friendship with which 
Henry seems to have regarded this gentleman until 
his death in 1506. Richard was the son of Sir 
John Guldeford, of Hempsted, in Kent, and of his 
wife Alice Waller, daughter of the Kentish squire, 
to whom the Duke of Orleans yielded his sword on 
the field of Agincourt. The father, Sir John, had 
been comptroller of the household to Edward IV., 
and both he and his son joined in Buckingham's 
rising and were attainted when it failed. Richard 

fled to Brittany, returned with Henry, and was 

a 2 



XX INTRODUCTION 

knighted on landing at Milford Haven. From that 
time he was the recipient of a series of favours frorn 
the King. Of the more important benefits conferred 
upon him, were a chamberlainship of the Exchequer 
in 1485, the mastership of the ordnance in i486, 
and the membership of the Privy Council. He was 
made a knight baronet in 1496, later, comptroller of 
the household, and, in 1500, a knight of the Garter. 
He received an annuity, several grants of money, 
and the Crown manor of Higham, which included 
the royal dues payable by the inhabitants of 
Winchilsea. It will be seen, therefore, that he 
stood high in the estimation of the sovereign, and, 
although his work lay mainly outside naval affairs, 
his connection with the Regent, to be presently 
noticed, renders his personality of some interest to 
us. 

Sir Reginald Bray, who, as Treasurer at War, 
paid over much money to Robert Brygandyne 
(pp. 138-9), came into favour through being attached 
to the household of Margaret, Countess of Rich- 
mond, the King's mother. Like Guldeford he 
became a Privy Councillor and knight of the Garter, 
and received many material indications of the King's 
friendship. He is best remembered by antiquarians 
of this generation as the architect of St. George's 
Chapel at Windsor, and of Henry VH.'s Chapel at 
Westminster. So far as is known, his only associa- 
tion with naval business lay in his supervision of 
the construction of the Sovereign, and, possibly, of 
the dock at Portsmouth. It may be surmised that 
both Guldeford and Bray were respectively intrusted 
with the Regent and Sovereign as a cheao mark of 



INTRODUCTION xxi 

favour, which would enable them to reap certain 
perquisites without expense to the King. 

We do not know what projects for the future 
occupied Henry when in exile, but, judging from 
his proceedings shortly after his accession, the 
strength of foreign shipping must have fixed itself 
in his mind as a thing to be remembered. Although 
the names of many other royal ships can be traced 
under Edward IV. and Richard III., only the Mary 
of the Tower, the Grace Dieu, the Governor, and 
the Martin Garsia, appear in Roger's accounts, 
made up for nearly two and a half years, as belonging 
to the Crown. Of these the Martin Garsia was 
given to Sir Richard Guldeford (p. 70), the Governor 
given or sold to Ralph Astry, and Thos. Grafton 
in i486 (p. 74), and the Grace Dieu handed over 
to Sir Reginald Bray to be broken up and the 
materials used towards a new ship, the Sovereign 
(p. 47). Under date 15 April, 1487, an Exchequer 
warrant directs the Treasurer to pay Sir Richard 
Guldeford the money necessary for the building of a 
ship ' in the county of Kent of 600 tons, of which he 
has the oversight, like unto the Columbe of France.* 
From entries in the Tellers' Rolls, this vessel can 
be ascertained to be the Regent, and to have been 
built at Reding Creek, near Smalhithe, on the river 
Rother, which was then a tidal and shipbuilding 
port. No information can now be obtained about 
the Columbe, which seems to have so strongly 
impressed Henry. It appears rather strange that 
the penurious and unostentatious King should have 
deliberately expended the money necessary for such 
a large vessel when, if the navy required strengthen- 



xxii IN TROD UC TION 

ing, an equivalent number of small ones would have 
been much more useful. The total cost of the 
Regent cannot now be known, but all payments 
were made to Sir Richard Guldeford, the Clerk 
of the Ships having, apparently, nothing to do with 
her. Even when she was prepared for sea, from 
July 12, 1490, it was Guldeford who received the 
money and paid all the expenses connected with the 
preparation. Although Brygandyne commenced his 
duties from i May, 1495, the Regent did not come 
into his charge until 6 June, and then only by Henry's 
direct order (p. 254). There is hardly enough evi- 
dence to support any positive conclusion, but a com- 
parison of the entries, relating to naval matters, in 
these and other MSS., leads to the inference that at 
this time men-of-war did not come under the control 
of the Clerk of the Ships unless they required repair ; 
and that the Clerk's functions were almost entirely 
confined to the purchase of stores and payment of 
workmen. 

While the Regent was on the stocks the con- 
struction of the Sovereign was being proceeded with, 
under the care of Sir Reginald Bray, and she was 
at Southampton in August 1488, when Henry was 
on board. Although Bray had the responsibility, 
and doubtless the profits, the accounts were kept 
by Henry Palmer, an exchequer clerk, Roger's 
widow disclaiming all liability for her late husband 
(p. 34). The tonnage of these two vessels is. un- 
known, but the Regent was probably the largest 
vessel yet built for the Crown. She carried 225 
serpentines (p. 274), but their distribution is not 
given, and, in view of the customary solidity of 



INTRODUCTION xxiii 

construction, their fire could have been of no effect 
whatever against a ship's sides. Their main purpose 
must have been to destroy an enemy's sails and 
rigging, and to sweep his decks. In the Sovereign, 
which, if smaller, was doubtless of the same type, their 
position is more precisely indicated (pp. 194, 195) ; 
and she seems to have been armed with 141 serpen- 
tines (pp. 2 1 6, 2 1 7) on two decks in the forecastle, and 
two in the summer castle (p. 176, note), in the waist, 
and in a poop royal or topgallant poop. There was no 
lower deck, at any rate as a gun-deck ; all the arma- 
ment of the Regent and Sovereign was carried in the 
waist and on the decks of the summer castle and 
poop. These vessels must therefore have lain low 
in the water to enable them to carry their top- 
hamper. Notwithstanding the number of guns, the 
Sovereign, when ready for a Mediterranean voyage, 
seems only to have had five barrels of gunpowder, 
four hundred ' pellettes ' of lead, and two hundred 
'dyce ' of iron (p. 195) ; the chief reliance was still 
placed on the two hundred bows and eight hundred 
sheaves of arrows she carried. The Regent, when 
sent on service in 1497, was better furnished. 
Besides two hundred bows and four hundred sheaves 
of arrows, she was supplied with a last of gun- 
powder, three cwt. of 'dyce,' nine and a half cwt. 
of lead, doubtless for shot, and three thousand 
' tampyons ' (pp. 339, 340). 

The Regent appears to have had a foremast and 
fore top-mast ; a main-mast, main top-mast, and 
a main top-gallant mast (pp. 256, 269, 278) ; 
main mizen and bonaventure mizen-masts without 
top-masts, and a sprit sail on the bowsprit. The 



xxiv INTRODUCTION 

top-masts and top-gallant masts were separate 
spars (p, 278), although they were fixed in posi- 
tion and not meant to be raised or lowered; 
With one possible exception each mast had its 
corresponding yard ; a sail is mentioned in con- 
nection with the main top-gallant mast, but no 
yard. The Sovereign is similarly fitted except that 
she has no main top-gallant mast. Both these 
vessels show an enormous advance in the number 
of masts and yards, and in their sail area, on the 
vessels of the beginning of the same century which 
possessed, at the most, two pole-masts carrying two 
sails. The fixed and running gear, however, 
although necessarily increased in quantity, shows 
little or no change in character from that of the 
preceding century. 

The standards and streamers frequently men- 
tioned were, if of the same kind as in a later 
account of 150 1, the former of white linen cloth with 
red crosses of say (p. 14, note) on them ; the latter 
also of linen cloth or say. It will be observed that 
such decoration as existed was obtained by means 
of flags and pavesses ; with the exception of a 
gilt crown for the Regent, gilding and carving are 
entirely absent. Here, painting the Regent cost 
13/. (p. 237), but in 1501 painting her and the Mary 
Fortune was done by contract for 2/. 19^. \od., a 
sum which does not imply an excessive outlay on 
material. Each vessel had three boats ; a great 
boat which was fitted with masts and sails, cock-boat, 
and jolly-boat. The davits, so often specified, were 
both fixed and movable (pp. 192, 203) ; they were 
used for the anchors and for other purposes, but were 



IN TR OD UC TION xxv 

not applied to hoisting the boats inboard. For at 
least the next two centuries the great boat was 
towed astern, but in 15 15 we find such entries as — 

' Bote tacles of stereborde syde with iv 
doble poles and viii single poles with xvj 

shyvers of brasse iiij 

Bote tacles of ladbord syde with iv 
doble poles etc iiij ' 

which show that by that time one or both of the two 
smaller boats were hoisted to the ship. 

There is no reason to suppose that the Regent 
and Sovereign represented any sudden move for- 
ward in construction and equipment. In point of 
size they may have been exceptional, but in other 
respects they could only have shown the results of 
three-quarters of a century of progress in naval 
science of which the intermediate steps are now 
unknown. It will be noticed that there is no refer- 
ence to portholes, portlids, or any of the accessories 
of portholes, in the repairs of these two vessels. 
The portholes in the forecastles and summer castles 
were probably small circular openings, without any 
form of shutter. 

In the supply of stores one marked change 
appears. Before, and down to, the first quarter of 
the fifteenth century the cordage had been mostly 
from Bridport, with an occasional purchase of 
Holland stuff. It is now almost entirely of Genoa 
or Normandy ' making,' with the exception of some 
bought at Lynn. In the next reign measures were 
taken to encourage the Bridport manufacture, which 
must have almost died out. Most of the timber 



xxvi INTRODUCTION 

used was brought from the New Forest and Bere 
Forest, both within an easy distance of Portsmouth ; 
deals and cut timber, with other necessaries, are 
seen to have been chiefly purchased at Southampton, 
Adrian Lokyer, ' berebruer' of that town, being 
frequently paid for all sorts of supplies. Philip 
Lokyer, who was one of the Customers of South- 
ampton (p. 244), also sold cables, &c. to the govern- 
ment, and was doubtless a relative of Adrian, and 
assisted him with his influence. Materials were also 
purchased in London, at Reding, Fareham, Poole, 
and other places, and in Portsmouth itself. In 
the reign of Henry VI IL nearly everything used at 
Portsmouth was, to an even greater extent, sent 
from London, so that the existence of the dock and 
the work it brought to the town, did not, after a 
time, stimulate local industry. With the exception 
of iron, and that only occasionally, bought by the 
ton and worked up into nails, spikes, &c. at the 
royal forge, the administration prepared nothing 
itself, but purchased every article required for the 
ships. From the entries in relation to certain ships 
(pp. 206, 266, 307, 333) it appears, however, that 
cordage, after being bought, was used up for standing 
and running rigging on board the ships themselves ; 
whether the work was done by the seamen, ship- 
keepers, or riggers employed for the purpose, is not 
stated, but probably the former since there is no 
payment of wages under the latter heading. Fifty- 
two bolts of canvas were bought for the Sovereign 
and one hundred and one for the Regent. Whether 
this canvas was worked up into sails on board ship 
by the seamen, or done by persons employed ashore. 



INTRODUC TION xxvii 

is not stated, but we know that for the Mary Fortune 
and Sweepstake the sails were made by Portsmouth 
tradesmen and workmen (pp. 299, 324). It will 
be noticed (p. 239) that the Regent rode by iron 
mooring chains in Portsmouth harbour ; they must 
have shortly gone out of use, since cordage was 
used in the sixteenth century and iron chains were 
not reintroduced, as a new invention, until the reign 
of Charles I. From the account of stores in hand 
in October 1485, two months after Henry became 
king (p. 74), it will be seen that there was little in 
reserve beyond the equipment of the ships them- 
selves. Supply was usually from hand to mouth, 
the warrants ordering payment for necessaries almost 
always specifying the vessel for which they were 
intended. 

The other two men-of-war in these papers, the 
Sweepstake and the Mary Fortune, were newly 
built during 1497, at a cost of 120/. 3 J. 2d. and 
no/. 17^. respectively. They were only small 
vessels, but had three lower masts, a main top-mast 
and a sprit sail on the bowsprit. No armament is 
inventoried, but they carried powder and shoti, 
probably only for hand g^ns. 

These four ships were the most important, and 
the most certainly known additions, made to the 
navy by Henry VH. during a reign of twenty-four 
years. His perception of the value and need of 
a marine for England must be gauged from a wider 
view of his measures than is to be obtained merely 
from the list of men-of-war built by his orders. 
The royal navy, although small, was large enough 
for any purely fighting work it was likely to be 



xxviii IN TROD UC TION 

called upon to perform under a king who had no 
projects of territorial aggrandisement. The sup^ 
pression of piracy would have needed a much 
stronger force, but piracy was regarded as an 
ordinary sea risk, and fewer efforts were made to 
deal with it, at this date, than at either an earlier or 
later period. The ambitions of the French kings 
were now directed towards Italy, a quarter in which 
Henry was doubtless well content to see them 
expend their energies, and the employment of such 
French naval strength as existed was confined to 
the Mediterranean. Although the union of Brittany 
with the French Crown was fraught with menace, 
in that it vastly increased French maritime power, 
its potentialities were only of an apparently distant 
future. The troops sent to Brittany, and trans- 
ported for the invasion of France in 1492, met 
with no resistance at sea, and the Channel could 
not have been, for the moment, more completely 
under English control had the navy been im- 
measurably stronger. The account of the force 
sent to Brittany, under Lord Willoughby, in 1490 
does not fall within the years included in these 
MSS., but it is worth noticing that of eighteen 
fighting ships in commission only two, or at most 
three — the Regent, Sovereign, and King's Bark — 
belong to the Crown. It will be observed (pp. 25, 
57, 170, 218) that Henry, like other English 
monarchs before and after him, let out the royal 
ships on hire to merchants. The custom may have 
commenced in the ability of the kings to accept 
a low rate and thus undersell private competitors. 
But probably the long voyages now undertaken to 



INTRODUCTION xxix 

Italy and the Levant were only possible for vessels 
of the size of the larger men-of-war, both on account 
of the risks of the sea and of human foes, and 
because a large stowage capacity was necessary if 
they were to pay as trading speculations ; Henry 
may have had this last factor in his mind when he 
built vessels of such large tonnage as the Regent 
and Sovereign. Men-of-war were continually taken 
up by merchants until the greater number, and 
increased size, of English ships in the reign of 
Elizabeth rendered such aid unnecessary. 

As a component part of the royal fleets the 
hired merchantmen were quite able to hold their 
own with any probable antagonist, and an interesting 
portion of Henry's domestic policy was the method 
he adopted to encourage the building of vessels 
suited to war or commerce. With the exception 
of a reward granted in 1449 to John Taverner, of 
Hull, in recognition of his enterprise in building 
a large ship, the Grace Dieu, there is no previous 
instance known of a bounty grant to shipbuilders. 
The system seems, however, to have been in use 
in Spain, and Henry may have seen it at work 
when in exile and attributed good results to the 
practice. At any rate, soon after obtaining the 
throne, he commenced giving a reward to builders 
of vessels which were suitable for warlike purposes 
as well as trade. The reward was paid by a warrant 
from the Exchequer, and although few of these 
warrants now exist, their issue in larger numbers 
may be inferred from the lossfes among the State 
Papers of this period known to have occurred. 
Later the reward became invariably five shillings 



XXX IN TROD UC TION 

a ton, but during the reigns of both Henry VII. and 
Henry VIII. it does not appear to have been a fixed 
amount, but was usually less than five shillings. 
Besides helping commerce such a plan largely 
obviated the necessity for a strong royal navy, 
as the vessels belonging to private owners could 
always be seized by the exercise of the prerogative. 
It was perhaps quite as much to spare the Crown 
finances as to encourage shipbuilding that Henry 
tentatively adopted the system. During Elizabeth's 
reign the bounty was only paid on ships of iCK) tons 
and upwards ; there is not sufficient evidence to 
enable us to decide whether there was any size 
limit in the preceding reigns. Through the first 
half of the sixteenth century the plan doubtless was 
advantageous ; but when, in the Elizabethan era, 
the enormous increase in shipping was chiefly 
attributed to it, the many other conditions tending 
towards that increase were forgotten. Probably 
just as great a growth would have been seen then 
had no bounty at all been paid. 

For reasons doubtless conclusive to himself the 
King seems to have desired to build as few men-of- 
war as possible. He not only hired English and 
Spanish ships, but endeavoured sometimes to buy 
the latter against the will of the owners. In order- 
ing payment for three hired Spaniards in i486, he 
was careful to direct the settlement should be made 
in full and immediately in order that the owners 
should report favourably of him at home, ' withoute 
any parte deteyning or abbrygging so that they 
may have cause to make good reporte of oure 
deling with them in these parties.' In these accounts 



INTRODUCTION xxxi 

we see (p. 78) that there were three Spaniards in 
pay, although it is quite impossible to suppose that 
there could have been any difficulty in obtaining 
the small number of English vessels required. The 
ships mentioned in the text were hired at the rate 
of two shillings a ton per month, but, by 1490, the 
owners of others were getting only one shilling 
a ton like their English compeers. Henry was less 
successful in buying Spanish ships. The stringent 
ordinances issued by Ferdinand and Isabella, 
forbidding the sale of Spanish owned vessels to a 
foreign power, were of a somewhat later date, but 
there were doubtless some regulations to the same 
effect already in force. In 1489 the King tried to 
buy the John de Hoyo, understanding by the report 
of Sir William Vampage, who had commanded her 
(p. 78), that 'the Spanish shypp last occupied by 
hym in oure service is good and ought to be 
bought.' But the owners did not want to sell, so 
that aboard, consisting of two of the chief Spanish 
merchants in London and two English ones, was to 
be formed to appraise her value. There is, how- 
ever, no trace in the records of a purchase having 
been effected. It is possible that the Regent and 
Sovereign were costly to build, and that Henry 
had come to the conclusion that it would be cheaper 
to buy than to build for himself. In that case 
Spanish ships would have been more akin to the 
man-of-war type, as then understood, both in size 
and appearance than were English ships. The 
other vessels occasionally mentioned in the MSS. 
are generally small transports and need no especial , 
notice ; but in 1487 there were hired merchantmen 



xxxii IN TROD UC TION 

in commission (pp. 28, 29), probably in connection 
with Simnel's imposture, and with the Lovel revolt 
which ended with the battle of Stoke on June 16, 
1487. 

Certain notes on the various guns carried on 
shipboard have been appended in the text, but a 
few remarks may be added here. According to 
Stow, cast-iron guns were first made in England in 
the reign of Henry VIII., but there is some reason 
to suppose that the true date is an earlier one. 
Certainly guns made of iron plates, hooped or 
banded together, were made here in much earlier 
times. In the middle ages the Weald of Sussex 
was the seat of the English iron industry, and 
archseological discoveries show that it had existed 
in that district during the Roman supremacy. The 
first cast-iron guns are said to have been made by 
Ralph Hogge, at Buxted, in 1543, and brass 
ordnance by John Owen in 152 1. In at least one 
instance there is a payment, during this reign, to 
an Englishman for making heavy guns. In 1492 
William Nele received large sums — in one case 
45/. 6j. Zd. — for only three curtowes (p. 84, note) 
made by him. The curtowe must have been too 
heavy a gun to have been constructed in the old 
way by hooping together plates of iron, and the 
price paid is too high for small pieces of that kind ; 
if so, there must have been a home manufacture at 
an earlier period than is usually supposed. More- 
over, there is some evidence that cast-iron guns 
were known in the South of Europe in the fourteenth 
, century, in which case the knowledge must have 
travelled northwards, and a warlike country, such 



INTRODUCTION xxxiii 

as England was in the fifteenth century, could 
hardly have remained indifferent to such an improve- 
ment. When James IV, was preparing for the 
campaign which ended at Flodden, he took with 
him, out of Edinburgh Castle, seven great field- 
pieces, known as the Seven Sisters, and ' cast ' by 
Robert Borthwick. If a Scotch gunfounder was 
casting cannon before 15 13 it is difficult to believe 
that there were no English founders until 1543. 
Iron shot were also made in Sussex, and there 
are more entries relating to them than to guns. 
John Depeller, Robert Rowley, John Warner, and 
Robert Harrison, all Sussex founders, were employed 
at various times by the government. In 1490 
there is a payment to the before-mentioned William 
Nele for the fabrication of iron shot ' called bowletts,' 
I think the earliest use of the word. There is no 
doubt, however, that if heavy guns were occasionally 
cast at home, the majority were obtained from 
abroad. 

Gunpowder was of home manufacture. Robert 
Falconer, who held the appointment of government 
purveyor, supplied all requirements and was paid 
fivepence a pound for serpentine, or fine meal 
powder. The saltpetre necessary was imported, 
and, in the only instance in which the price is 
mentioned, cost 2/. \os. the cwt. ; brimstone and 
charcoal were 85. s^d. the cwt. The proportions in 
which these constituents were used is nowhere given. 
On p. 129 we have the quantities required for 'new 
making,' a last of powder injured by salt water, but 
much of the original material must have been 
incorporated again. Carriages for the ship guns 

N. A. b 



xxxiv IN TR OD UC TION 

are not entered in any of the inventories. The only 
reference to them is on p. 246, where there is a 
payment for timber for 'gonne stokkes.' In the 
early years of Henry VIII. both wheeled carriages 
and 'scaffolds' were in use on board ship; here 
there was apparently only a fixed, and probably 
light, gun rest. Field artillery was mounted on 
wheels at this date (p. 84, et seg.), and the system 
was soon extended to the naval arm. Quoins are 
not mentioned in these papers, and were probably 
not used here, at any rate in the form familiar to 
us, until the next reign. 

Henry's naval policy was remarkable for another 
innovation besides the introduction of the bounty 
system. As well as the storehouse at Greenwich 
(p. 30), in the possession of which there was nothing 
remarkable, we have, in the Augmentation Office 
Book (pp. 143-60), the details of the construction 
at Portsmouth of the first dry dock known to have 
been built in England. It must have been part of 
a scheme for the formation of a fortified naval 
arsenal, suited to the needs of a permanent navy, 
since two years before, in 1494, there is an order 
for 2,068/. I IS. id. to William Cope in part payment 
of the charges incurred in building a tower and bul- 
wark there. Leland says that they were commenced 
as far back as the reign of Edward I V. ; if so, little 
progress can have been made, or the design must 
have been much enlarged, to account for the sums 
spent in completing the defences. The Solent had 
always been a favourite situation for the navy in 
peace, and Portsmouth itself is spoken of in con- 
nection with the royal vessels as early as the reign 



INTRODUCTION xxxv 

of John. But during the fifteenth century the 
river Hamble and Southampton water were more 
frequently used than any other place. During the 
reign of Henry V. Southampton was the only town 
where the Crown possessed storehouses and ap- 
pliances. While Henry lived, and until the navy 
ceased to exist in his son's reign, the ships were 
kept in Southampton water, or opposite Bursledon, 
on the river Hamble. There are traces in the earlier 
years of these accounts (pp. 22, 24, 27, 36) that the 
tradition which enjoined the use of the river Hamble 
for men-of-war lying up had not yet died out. One 
reason for the adoption of Portsmouth may be found 
in the probability that the Regent and the Sovereign 
both drew too much water to go far up, or perhaps 
even to enter the Hamble. 

It can be positively asserted that as late as 1434 
no such dock as that built by Henry VH. was used 
here, at any rate by the government. From one 
of Soper's accounts of that year for the docking of 
the Grace Dieu, we find that the vessel was got 
as high up on the mud as possible, at high tide, 
allowed to bed herself in the mud, and then sur- 
rounded by a fence of brushwood. It was this 
process that was always called docking, and the 
enclosed ground was termed a ' dok,' even in docu- 
ments written in Latin. The paper of 1434 is the 
latest to be found, although there are many earlier 
references to such a dock. Between 1434 and 
i486 there is no allusion in the existing accounts 
to any sort of dock, and it is an interesting question, 
but one to which no dogmatic answer is at present 
possible, whence Henry obtained the model or in- 

b2 



xxxvi INTRODUCTION 

formation which led up to the one at Portsmouth. 
On p. 23 there is a reference to a dock of the old 
kind ; at least in the absence of evidence it must be 
presumed to be of that type unless we are to suppose 
that there was a dry dock at Bursledon. I have 
been unable to trace the earlier history of dock- 
building. The supposition that Spain, being farther 
advanced than England in the application of 
scientific mechanics to naval requirements, was the 
place of invention is negatived by the information 
given to me by Don Caesareo Fernandez Duro, that 
dry docks were not built in that country until late 
in the seventeenth century. There is no evidence 
that they were known in France. There remains 
Holland or Italy, or the possibility that, after all, 
they were an English invention. Against the last 
suggestion is the fact that their introduction is not 
noticed by any chronicler, as would probably have 
been the case, nor is their existence alluded to in 
official papers of the reign of Edward IV. But it 
is curious that the dock of 1496 seems to have been 
undertaken as a matter of routine, without any 
difficulties having been experienced, so far as we 
can tell, just as though such works were familiar 
to those in charge. It was carried out under the 
superintendence of Brygandyne, apparently without 
a hitch, although there is no probability that he had 
had any training as an engineer, or, if it was new 
in England and merely adapted from some dock 
already built abroad, had ever seen one before. 
For the first three weeks the dock was under the 
charge of John Nest, who was superseded from the 
fourth week by Brygandyne, by order of Sir 



INTRODUCTION xxxvii 

Reginald Bray (p. 149). Nest is a purely English 
name and nothing is known of him. The reference 
to Bray is the only one in connection with the work, 
but the nature of the order given implies that he 
possessed the chief responsibility. In view of his 
reputation as an architect and engineer, it seems 
very likely that the work was carried out from his 
plans, but whether those plans were original, or only 
a copy of a similar structure already existing at 
home or abroad, is a question that cannot yet be 
answered conclusively. But what may be called 
naval engineering was perhaps farther advanced 
than we usually suppose, since there is a payment 
of 40/. in 1487 to the mayor of Sandwich as a 
reward for successfully raising a 120-ton ship, 
belonging to Sir John Fortescue, sunk in and 
blocking up the haven. Brygandyne took up his 
duties as Clerk of the Ships from May i, 1495, and 
the work at Portsmouth was begun on the following 
June 14 ; he was not, therefore, an experienced 
official, and he is not known to have held previously 
any post requiring business faculty. 

The construction occupied, as a whole, forty-six 
weeks. The first twenty-four weeks between June 
14 and November 29, 1495, were spent in building 
the dock itself (pp. 144-8). Work was suspended 
during the winter and recommenced on February 2, 
1496, continuing until April 17, during which 
time the gates were made and ^xed in position 
(pp. 1 5 1-3). There was then a long interval until 
July 8, 1497, from which date eleven weeks were 
occupied in ' ffortyfying ' the dock head (pp. 1 54-5) I 
this was done while the royal ships were in service 



xxxviii INTRODUCTION 

on the Scotch coast. The process in question con- 
sisted of backing the dock head, and probably the 
dock itself, with 664 tons of stone and gravel. The 
long space of time allowed to elapse between the 
completion of the gates and the ' fortifying ' suggests 
that the latter was not a part of the original plan, 
but had been enforced by unexpected weakness 
in the dock as it at first stood. 

The form of the structure was probably 



The gates required 113 loads of timber, sawn up 
into 4,524 feet of plank, and their position is inferred 
from several references. In one instance (p. 152) 
materials were used ' as well for the inner as the 
uttermost gates of the dokke aforesaid ; ' on a later 
page (p. 171), twenty men were working at low 
tides for four weeks ' breking up of the dokke hede 
.... and dyggyng of the clay and other Rubbysh 
bytwene the gates forhauyng owte of the Soueraigne.' 
In the next reign there are many more entries of a 
similar character, in relation to docking and undock- 
ing ships, which show that there was always a space 
between the gates filled in with clay and gravel. 
But the extent of the space between the gates, and 
the interval between the leaves and the opposite 
walls of the dock, as shown in the above diagram, 
are matters of pure guess-work. The body of 
the dock presented fewer engineering difficulties 
than the gates. It must have been built of wood 



INTRODUCTION xxxix 

although very little was bought (p. 151), but at 
least 158 loads were obtained from the royal 
forests (p. 157) for the mere cost of carriage, and 
perhaps some was given by neighbouring land- 
owners. Four tons of iron were purchased and 
converted into bolts, bars, spikes, &c. (p. 149). 
The wages bills give an average of from 38 to 39 
men having been at work during each of the 
twenty-four weeks the dock was in hand; there 
appear to have been only seven or eight men 
employed by the week on the gates (p. 153), and 
but two on the ' fortifying' in 1497 (p. 155). There 
was a forge attached to the dock (p. 156), and 
at least one storehouse (pp. 209, 300), the small 
commencement of the government establishments. 
There was also one ' Ingyn to draw water owte of 
theseid dokke ' (p. 157), but this did not do away 
with the necessity for buckets as well. 

The first ship known to have gone into the new 
dock was the Sovereign. Her accounts begin here 
from October 24, 1495, when she was lying off 
Erith (p. 161); in December she was brought 'to 
the shore' (p. 162), but that can hardly mean 
aground, because later in the same month we have 
the charges for a wooden barrier round her, made to 
protect her from 'the yse in Thamys' (p. 164). 
On March 3, 4, 5, 1496, forty-four labourers and 
twenty mariners were employed in bringing her 
' from the shore ; ' from March 14 until April 15 she 
was at sea between the Thames and Portsmouth, 
and on May 25 she entered the dock (p. 169). She 
remained in it until January 31, 1497 (pp. 169-71), a 
term of more than eight months, from which we may 



xl INTRODUCTION 

conclude that there were not many other ships 
existing to require repairs, and that the prevailing 
impression was that a vessel would last longer 
in dock than afloat. But for the fact that the 
Sovereign had to be sent to Southampton because 
hired for a trading voyage to the Levant, it does not 
seem as though there would have been any intention 
of taking her out of the dock. How much Henry 
received for the loan of the ship is unknown, but 
as repairing and fitting her cost 595/. 6^. e^d. (p. 187) 
he must have driven a hard bargain to be able to 
make any profit. In 1487 the Mary of the Tower 
had returned from a trading voyage to ' the parties 
of Lumbardye,' which had occupied one year twenty- 
one weeks and five days (p. 58), and there is no 
evidence that any other man-of-war had been taken 
up by merchants in the interval. 

The Regent was at Portsmouth from May i, 
1495, the beginning of Brygandyne's accounts, 
until May 14, 1497 (pp. 218-23), when she became 
the flagship of the fleet acting against the Scotch. 
Of this period she was in dock from March 4 
to April 23, 1497 (p. 234), and the wages and 
victualling of the shipkeepers for the whole two 
years and two weeks came to 185/. 2>s. \\d. (p. 224). 
When the Regent and Sovereign were lying up, 
the masters received three shillings and fourpence, 
each, a week ; the purser and boatswain, each, one 
shilling and eightpence a week in the Thames, and 
two shillings at Portsmouth ; the quartermasters 
one shilling and fourpence, and one shilling and 
sixpence a week in the Thames, and two shillings 
and sixpence at Portsmouth ; and gunners, stewards, 



INTRODUCTION xli 

and cooks, one shilling and threepence a week. 
The steward was an assistant purser, and then and 
long afterwards the cook was considered an officer. 
Until the middle of the fifteenth century the cus- 
tomary rate of pay for the men was threepence a 
day, with a ' reward ' of sixpence a week. From 
about 1440 wages show a tendency to decrease, and 
we see that the shipkeepers here were getting only 
one shilling a week (pp. 168, 169, 170, 219, 220). 
But these were not the sea rates. The voyage 
of the Sovereign to Portsmouth shows that the 
officers and petty officers obtained much higher 
wages than when in harbour (p. 166) ; but the 129 
able seamen were only receiving five shillings for 
thirty-two days, and there were seventeen other 
men at lower rates. The entries in the Tellers' 
Rolls, relating to payments of wages when on 
active service, usually mention only the totals 
handed over to the captain for division among his 
men ; but when any details are given the rate at 
sea is always one shilling and threepence for the 
soldiers and sailors, and one shilling and a half- 
penny for victualling. The men of a vessel hired 
for the conveyance of stores were also paid five 
shillings a month (p. 251), so that there seems to 
have been no difference whether the service was 
one of peace or war. There were no especial navy 
or army victuallers. The contracts were usually 
assigned, as marks of favour, to some of the minor 
court officials, who employed their own agents in 
the districts where armies were acting, or at the 
ports from which fleets were supplied. 

The Regent, we have seen, was in dock from 



xlii INTRODUCTION 

March 4 to April 23, 1497, or those were the dates 
when the preparations for putting her in, and taking 
her out, began and ended (cf. p. 238). The repairs to 
this ship were carried out much more rapidly than 
those of the Sovereign, since the former was needed to 
take part in actual warfare. On September 1 7, I497> 
she was back at Portsmouth (p. 253), and the time 
between May 14 and that date had been spent 
in the fleet supporting Surrey in his movements 
in the Merse against James IV. of Scotland, then 
championing the cause of Perkin Warbeck. It is 
in connection with this campaign that we have the 
account of ordnance and munition, sent northwards 
by sea, in the Chapter House Book (pp. 82-132), 
and the ordnance stores furnished to the Regent, 
Sweepstake, and Mary Fortune, among other ships, 
in the Augmentation Office Book (pp. 339-44). 
The Sovereign, it will be remembered, was well on 
her way to the Mediterranean when the services 
of a fleet were required. Mr. Gairdner describes 
these operations as ' a brief and insignificant border 
raid,' and they have passed almost unnoticed by 
historians. But the extent of the equipment sent 
forward shows that the authorities did not, at that 
time, regard the matter lightly, and, occurring as it 
did almost in conjunction with the Cornish rising, 
the invasion might well have proved serious had 
the people of the northern counties been able to 
overcome their hereditary hatred of the Scotch. 

Henry, in accordance with his general policy, 
desired peace with Scotland. In 1493 he had at- 
tempted to obtain a treaty to ensure peace during 
the lives of himself and James IV., but this pro- 



INTRODUCTION xliii 

ceeding followed a plot, in 1491, to kidnap the 
Scottish king to which he had given his consent. 
After various adventures in Ireland, France, and 
Flanders, ending with an unsuccessful attempt to 
land in Kent, Perkin Warbeck came to Scotland in 
1495. was received with open arms, and at once 
acknowledged as Duke of York. In return for 
his assistance James was to receive ' Berwick and 
a large sum of money, when the adventurer was 
successful. In September 1496 James translated 
his good wishes into action, and crossed the border 
with a small force. A manifesto issued by War- 
beck had no effect in raising adherents, he being 
* no better welcome for the company he came in,' 
says Bacon. James, who had hitherto kept his 
troops in hand, thereupon changed the enterprise 
into an ordinary border raid, and wasted Northum- 
berland with fire and sword. Warbeck's protest 
against this method of warfare provoked the retort 
from James, that he was unnecessarily eager to 
protect men who repudiated him. 

The failure of the expedition and any momentary 
irritation between the leaders did not, however, 
lead the Scottish king to abandon Warbeck. The 
Earl of Surrey was at Alnwick and, later in the 
season, retaliated by an excursion into Teviotdale, 
and ' ther brent ther howsses and ther corne to the 
greatest loss and empoueryshment of the countrey 
that was doon ther in an hundreth yere before ; ' 
a proceeding which doubtless helped to smooth 
matters between James and Warbeck. In the 
meantime Henry, who had spies at the Scotch 
court, and who, knowing the weakness of the 



xliv INTRODUCTION 

Scotch Crown, was not, perhaps, seriously alarmed, 
did not lose the occasion as an opportunity to obtain 
money. A parliament met in January 1497, when 
much stress was laid upon the unprovoked and 
predatory war waged by James, and a grant obtained 
of two subsidies, or 120,000/., and two fifteenths, 
equal to about 30,000/. The effect proved more 
serious than the cause, for the collection of this 
money led to the Cornish rising of 1 497. The western 
men ' muttered extremely that it was a thing not to 
be suffered, that for a little stir of the Scots, soon 
blown over, they should be thus grinded to powder 
with payments.' For Henry the event was much 
more serious than an incursion by a normal, and 
not very powerful, enemy, against whom all England 
would instinctively unite. But he was not altogether 
unprepared, since, after the parliamentary grants 
troops had been collected in Yorkshire to give force 
to the demand for the surrender or banishment of 
Warbeck, and these were at once moved south- 
wards. The rebels, under Lord Audley, marched 
eastwards almost unopposed until they reached 
Blackheath; there, in the battle of June 22, 1497, 
they were defeated and the revolt completely 
crushed. 

In view of the Spanish despatches, to be pre- 
sently noticed, it may be doubted whether James 
had intended any further active interference on 
behalf of his guest ; his presence at the Scotch 
court was, however, of political value as a means 
of bringing pressure to bear, in negotiation, upon 
Henry and upon the Spanish monarchs. But the 
Cornish rising presented an opportunity too hopeful 



INTRODUCTION xlv 

to neglect, of again entering England with better 
prospects of success than in the preceding year, 
and Berwick was a more substantial prize than a 
possible marriage with a daughter of Ferdinand and 
Isabella. James again raised an army, advanced into 
England, and laid siege to Norham Castle in person 
with his main body, while detachments acted in the 
country around. Norham, however, was strongly 
fortified, and under its castellan, Thomas Garth, kept 
James at bay until the news of the Earl of Surrey's 
advance with, it is said, 20,000 men, forced him 
towards the end of August to raise the siege and 
retreat. The English general, who hoped to force 
on an engagement, followed him into Scotland, and 
this brings us to the point where the accounts in 
this volume commence. Shipments to the north 
appear to have begun on May i (p. 82) ; therefore 
Henry, even in the midst of the Cornish rising, was 
not so much dismayed as to defer his preparations 
for the counter attack ; and the hostilities pro- 
gressing more or less throughout the summer did 
not prevent the work of strengthening Portsmouth 
dock being resumed in July. Within the next 
fortnight the Regent was sailing to Berwick ; the 
Sweepstake and Mary Fortune must have followed 
later, as they were not out of the shipwrights' hands till 
May and June respectively (pp. 296, 319). Besides 
the vessels mentioned in the Augmentation Ofifice 
Book (pp. 341-43), there were probably the 
Margaret Bull, the Ermytage, the Ellen of Calais, 
the Christopher of Calais, the Mary Hastings, the 
Peter, the Anne of Maiden, the John of Hampton, 
the Gregory Ismay, and the John Castelyn, acting 



xlvi INTRODUCTION 

as armed merchantmen, as well as the transports 
(pp. 84-102). According to the Tellers' Roll (No. 
63), from which these names are taken, most of 
these vessels had been hired for twelve weeks from 
February 12, 1497; their period of service would 
therefore have expired on May 7, but they can 
scarcely all have been discharged at that moment. 
One hundred seamen were sent from Cornwall to 
Berwick to join the fleet with conduct, or subsis- 
tence, money of sixpence a day, or a halfpenny a 
mile. The obvious explanation of this apparently 
needless expense — that sailors were not to be 
obtained in the northern ports — is not necessarily 
the correct one ; they may have been picked men, 
or it may have been a mild punishment for some 
connection with the rebellion just put down. 

The naval force was under the command of 
Lord Willoughby (p. 103, note). We know nothing 
of his proceedings, and apparently the fleet had 
no fighting, but from one reference (p. 126), the 
admiral, and presumably part of his command, were 
at one time in the Frith of Forth. The operations, 
confined to land, were carried out by the army, and 
the results were not commensurate with the pre- 
parations. The chroniclers tell us that Surrey had 
20,000 men, and although the figures of mediaeval 
armies are proverbially unreliable, the completeness 
of his siege train and the plentiful supply of muni- 
tion imply an ample force and the intention of a 
campaign on a large scale. The supplies sent from 
London can only have been in the nature of addi- 
tions or to replace waste ; a large proportion of his 
army, fresh from a campaign, must have been 



INTRODUCTION xlvii 

already equipped. Moreover, the number of persons 
of rank with him suggests that something more was 
intended and expected than the nearly harmless 
progress that ensued. The Earl of Westmoreland, 
the Lords Dacre, Nevill, Strange, Latimer, Lumley, 
Scrope, Clifford, Ogle, and Darcy, all held position 
under Surrey. But in the account of Surrey's life 
and actions on his monument in the abbey church 
of Thetford, he is said to have had only 8,000 or 
9,000 men with him, and this is a more likely num- 
ber. The field of action proved to be confined to 
a radius of about eight miles from Berwick. Surrey 
was only in Scotland some six or seven days and 
devoted his attention to the destruction of the small 
border towers, perhaps in the hope that James, who 
was hovering near, might be tempted to an advance 
to save them. But it is just as likely, in view of 
the secret diplomacy proceeding all through the year, 
that the Earl desired to waste time in attacking 
the towers, and not to force James to a combat 
as a matter of kingly honour. Among others, 
the towers of Edington, Kirk Foulden, and Ayton 
were taken and destroyed ; but the last, originally 
a stronghold of the Norman De Vescis, is the only 
one mentioned in the MS. (p. 129). Hall says 
that, after due summons, it was bombarded from 
two o'clock till five o'clock one afternoon, and 
that its defenders then surrendered unconditionally. 
Apparently after its capture, two barrels of powder 
were expended in its demolition (p. 129). This 
not particularly brilliant achievement was the most 
important success obtained by Surrey. James 
would not fight, or only upon his own terms. He 



xlviii INTRODUCTION 

sent a herald to challenge Surrey to single combat, 
or to a pitched battle, the stake to be Berwick for 
him, or a ' king's ransom ' for the Earl ; Surrey 
naturally replied that, although he would be happy 
to fight, Berwick was not his to put in gage. The 
monument at Thetford contained a long account of 
the incidents of this campaign, but, unfortunately, 
those who drew it up were more interested in relating 
what the herald said to Surrey, and what Surrey 
said to the herald, than in recording the circum- 
stances of an unimportant war, overshadowed by sub- 
sequent events. Hall writes that, to show his willing- 
ness to meet James in the field, the Earl drew 
up his army in battle array after dismissing the 
heralds, and awaited the Scotch, but fruitlessly, 
all day. This version is corroborated by the entry 
(p. 130), from which it appears that the two armies 
were in sight of each other and ready for battle. 
James retreated the same night, and the English com- 
mander finding the weather continuously bad — rainy 
and windy — returned to Berwick and commenced 
disbanding his troops. The decisive day was to 
come for both James and Surrey on September 9, 
15 1 3, at Flodden. 

But in the matter of fighting the coyness on both 
sides may perhaps be explained from sources un- 
known to the old writers. Henry always preferred 
policy to force, and, whatever his earlier intentions 
may have been, he had been ready to accept the 
mediation of Ferdinand and Isabella. On the other 
hand the support given by James to Warbeck was 
more political than chivalric ; he was quite ready to 
sacrifice his dependent, prince or pretender, if that 



INTRODUCTION xlix 

course would advance his aims. As early as 1496, 
on August 18, Isabella wrote to De Puebla, the 
Spanish ambassador in London, that James was 
willing to contract a perpetual alliance with Henry, 
' in such a manner that he (Henry) may always be 
sure of him who is called Duke of York.' There 
was a Scotch ambassador in Spain at that time, from 
whom this information was obtained. A month 
later James made his first inroad into England, but 
the ambassador's instructions must have been given 
much earlier and doubtless represented the real drift 
of the Scotch king's policy. As Henry could only 
'be sure' of Warbeck in one way — by obtaining 
possession of him — there is a significance in the 
words in which the proposal is couched. In view 
of the proposed marriage of Arthur and Katherine 
it was of vital importance to the Spanish monarchs 
to support Henry's throne ; James was using the 
pretender as a factor in his negotiations for the hand 
of a Spanish Infanta in marriage. On account there- 
fore of the close relationship between the English 
and Spanish courts he could not press Henry hardly 
without losing all hope of attaining his object. From 
this despatch of August 18 we see that even before 
the raid of September 1496, and probably from the 
moment of his arrival in Scotland, James was pre- 
pared to repudiate Warbeck. The difficulty lay in 
the fact that there was, in reality, no Spanish Infanta 
available, and the diplomacy of Ferdinand and 
Isabella was devoted, for more than a year, to 
amusing James with hopes until the need for his 
neutrality was past. 

But Spanish mediation did not concern itself 

U.K. c 



1 INTRODUCTION 

with James only. In March 1497, in writing to 
De Pilebla, the sovereigns direct him to impress on 
Henry the necessity of peace with Scotland; 'he 
knows by experience how quickly a kingdom may 
be won and lost,' a reference to the touch and go 
character of the battle of Bosworth that Henry must 
have fully appreciated. In the same letter they refer 
to offers made by James and enforce the need of 
meeting them half-way, — ' the ill-advised affray in 
England (of the previous September) must be for- 
gotten.' It is not surprising therefore to find that 
in July, as soon as, or before, James moved, in- 
structions had been given to Richard Fox, Bishop 
of Durham, relating to peace negotiations. The 
original paper is, however, mutilated, and the date, 
July 5, 1497, has been added in a later handwriting. 
But peace was in the air, and the desire for it on 
both sides may explain, the lethargic character of 
the operations ; Surrey's comparative inaction was 
perhaps due to secret instructions. Even while the 
Earl was in Scotland it seems to have been generally 
known that negotiations were in progress, since, on 
September 9, the Venetian ambassador, in writing 
to the Seigniory, spoke of them as a matter beyond 
doubt. On their side Ferdinand and Isabella sent 
an ambassador, Pedro de Ayala, to Scotland with 
the object of furthering the pacification, and the 
first suggestion of a marriage between James and 
Margaret Tudor, then only eight years old, appears 
to have come, in April 1496, from them. Fox was 
joined with Ayala, and at first the prospect did not 
seem promising, as, according to Hall, out of 600 
articles proposed on the two sides not one was 



INTRODUCTION li 

accepted or allowed. But James was prepared to 
sacrifice something for the certainty of a marriage 
with Margaret, and was content to wait till she 
arrived at a suitable age, and eventually, in 
December 1498, a definite treaty of peace was 
signed. Warbeck, having served his purpose, had 
to go, but James refused to deliver him into Henry's 
hands, contenting himself with dismissing him from 
Scotland. The landing at Whitesand bay, the 
unsuccessful attempt on Exeter, and the capture 
that followed shortly afterwards, speedily freed 
Henry from any further anxiety on that account. 

The fleet could have seen little service while on 
the coast of Scotland, but the Mary Fortune used 
up fourteen bows and thirty sheaves of arrows, out 
of the thirty and sixty of each on board, besides all 
the powder, shot, lead, and tampions (pp. 329, 334). 
The Sweepstake used up twenty-five, , out of 
sixty, sheaves of arrows, and all her powder, shot, 
and lead (pp. 303, 309). The expenditure of the 
Regent was not relatively so large (pp. 284, 291, 
340), perhaps because she was the flagship and the 
consumption went on under the eye of the admiral. 
What proportion was used in the other ships there is 
no means of knowing. It is suspicious that on board 
the Mary Fortune and Sweepstake the exact total 
of most of the stores supplied was expended. That 
a certain amount of waste, if nothing worse, went 
on is shown by the entry (p. 130) of the articles 
' ravenously despoiled ' by the army, and the 400 lbs. 
of powder taken by the gunners 'by clayme of 
duty.' 

A comparison of the stores sent down with those 



lii 



INTRODUCTION 



received back (pp. 103-7 and 124-6), shows that 
the army could have had but little fighting : — 



- 


Sent down 


Used or Lost 


Received back 


Bows . 


1 10 chests 


30 chests 


80 chests 


Arrows 


336 chests 


45 chests 


291 chests 


Bowstrings . 


43 barrels 


9 barrels 


34 barrels 


Spears and demi- 


761 


152 


609 


lances 








Morrispikes . 


2,140 


1,058 


1,082 


Halberds 


260 


5 


255 


Bills . 


6,190 


1,616 


4,574 


Guns . 


237 


57 


180 


Rammers . 


35 


4 


21 


Powder 


6 lasts, 9 


2 lasts, 7 


4 lasts, 2 




barrels 


barrels 


barrels 


Charcoal 


6 lasts, 8 


5 barrels 


6 lasts, 3 




barrels 




barrels 


[Iron . 


3.778 


252 


3.526 


Shot ■ Stone 


1.653 


20 


1,633 


Lead 


41 baskets 


II baskets 


30 baskets 



But even of the articles expended most were lost 
or stolen when the army was drawn up in line of 
battle at Halidon Hill. Twenty-one chests of bows, 
thirty-eight chests of arro\ys, five barrels of bow- 
strings, one hundred and twenty spears and demi- 
lances, eight hundred morrispikes, and one thousand 
and sixty bills, were missing from that day, but are 
included in the ' used or lost ' column above. More- 
over eight chests of bows and seven of arrows, four 
hundred and seventy-one bills, and two hundred and 
forty-one morrispikes, were delivered to William 
Pawne at Berwick when the army returned to that 
town (p. 128), so that only one chest of bows, no 
arrows, eighty-five bills, and seventeen morrispikes, 
seem to have been actually lost by use out of these 
London shipments. Even in these figures allowance 



INTRODUCTION liii 

must be made for the hasty bookkeeping confessed 
by the officials (pp. 82, 83). Of the fifty-seven guns; 
of all kinds, missing, sixteen falcons were delivered 
to the aforesaid William Pawne, and five were 
' broken ' at the attack on Ayton ; the remaining 
thirty-six wanting were harquebuses, and of these 
twelve were spoilt at Ayton, one was lost at sea, 
and twenty-three could not be accounted for (p. 1 3 1 ). 
So far as there was any active work at all it was an 
artillery campaign, and that the cannon left much to 
be desired may be inferred from the five ' broken,' 
or burst, falcons during the short bombardment of 
Ayton. But from the number of shot used (p. 129) 
a sharp fire must have been kept up. The strength 
of the artillery arm (p. 104) suggests that Henry 
had learnt its value when abroad, since its use was 
further advanced on the continent than at home. 
There is a payment of this period to seven gunners 
brought from abroad to England, which seems to 
imply that there were few Englishmen of sufficient 
skill or experience to undertake the superintendence 
of guns in action. 

The King obtained the workmen required for the 
ships by ' pressing ' the men wanted, by the exercise 
of the prerogative, just as artisans were similarly 
obtained for the construction or repair of his castles 
and palaces. But the exercise of this right did not 
prevent the Crown paying the full market price of 
wages, and the men appear to have been treated 
fairly and even liberally. Fourpence to sixpence 
halfpenny a day for, shipwrights, and their food, 
which if rough was plentiful, must be considered an 
ample scale of pay, presuming the purchasing power 



liv INTRODUCTION 

of money to have been ten times as great as now, a 
proportion obtained by the late Professor Thorold 
Rogers. There is no reference here to lodgings for 
the Crown workmen, but within another quarter 
of a century that also was provided, and without any 
reduction of wages. The rate had remained practi- 
cally unaltered since the days of Henry V., the men 
then being pg.id from threepence to sixpence a day. 
But whereas they are now all called shipwrights, they 
were divided in the time of earlier kings into ' ship- 
wright herders,' 'shipwright clenchers,' and 'ship- 
wright holders ' ; the first received sixpence, the 
second fivepence, and the third fourpence a day. 
When Portsmouth dock was being built some of 
the men, who came from a distance, were given 
travelling expenses outward and homeward. The 
fact that an agreement had to be made with them 
(p. 149), shows that in this instance the right of 
impressment was not resorted to. In one case 
(p. 22) a master shipwright was paid eightpence 
a day, the same rate as under Henry V. John 
H aster, the shipwright in question, had been sent 
from London to Bursledon, from which we may 
assume that there was no one in the Southampton 
district considered skilful enough to superintend the 
removal of the Grace Dieu's mast, and her entry 
into her ' dokke.' 

After the capture and subsequent execution of 
Warbeck, peace with Scotland and France, and 
alliance with Spain, Henry had little to fear from 
domestic or foreign enemies. His general policy 
kept England aloof from the turmoil of continental 
intrigue. The peace of the last ten years of his 



INTRODUCTION Iv 

reign is reflected in the records, or rather in the 
absence of record of any warlike preparation. The 
royal navy had not been of much use as a coast- 
guard ; it had not prevented any of the rebels and 
pretenders landing and putting their fortune to the 
test of battle. Such as it was it doubtless shared 
the general tendency, and, if it did not again become 
extinct, did not undergo any extension from the 
standard of the earlier years. But the era of expan- 
sion was at hand with the next reign, when the 
changes inaugurated by Henry VII. began to show 
their effect in the progress due to his policy. 

Before concluding it may be well to refer to the 
shape in which this book is presented to members 
of the Society. Contractions have been extended, 
and modern punctuation has been inserted where 
it seemed necessary to make the sense clear, but 
the contemporary spelling has been retained for 
several reasons. A fifteenth century manuscript, 
dressed up in modern English, has a painfully 
artificial appearance, and, when thus masquerading, 
bears much the same resemblance to its source 
as does a translation to its original. Moreover, 
these two volumes are valuable to the philo- 
logist as containing several hitherto unknown, and 
many archaic, words, and had the manuscripts been 
produced in modern dress it would have been neces- 
sary, in numerous instances, to have quoted the text in 
the notes in its ancient form. The majority of the 
nautical words in these papers are still in use, and it 
must be interesting to the professional reader to 
notice the forms they took four centuries ago. 
Obsolete words have explanatory notes appended 



Ivi INTRODUCTION 

to them, and, in this connexion, I desire to record 
my indebtedness to the Rev. Professor Skeat, who 
has kindly read through the etymological notes, and 
whose corrections and suggestions have enabled me 
to avoid various errors. I have also to thank Dr. W. 
S. Battiss for topographical information relating to 
Portsmouth, and Professor J. K. Laughton for much 
valuable criticism of the proof sheets. It should 
however be stated that Professor Laughton is not 
in agreement with some of the conclusions expressed 
in the notes. 



CHAPTER HOUSE BOOK 

Vol. VII. 




The Kyngis Shipps 

Here ensue the parcelles of Accompt of Johannie 
Roger wydowe late wif and executrice of Thomas 
Roger to whome it pleased the Kyng oure sou- 
verayne lord [to graunte the] by his letters patentes 5 
vnder his grete seall at Westmynster 

The Kings Shipps 

Here ensueth the parcelles of the Accompt of 
Johanne Roger wydowe late wif and executrice 
of the testament of Thomas Roger To whome it 'o 
pleased the Kyng oure most dradd Souuerayne lord 
by his letters patentes vnder his grete seall to 
graunte thoffice of Keper and clerk of his Shipps 
after the Tenor ensuyng Henry by the grace of God 
King of England and France & Lord of Ireland to 'r 
all to whom the present letters shall come Greeting 
Know ye that we in consideration of the good & 
faithful service which our beloved Thomas Roger 
hath discharged & daily doth discharge towards Us 
of Our special grace have granted & by these 2^ 
presents do grant to the said Thomas the ofiRce 
of Keeper or Clerk of Our ships within Our realm of 
England or elsewhere & that he be Keeper or Clerk 
of Our Ships within Our Realm of England & else- 
where for the term of his life To have & occupy thew 

B 2 



4 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

aforesaid office to the said Thomas [for the term of 
his life] by himself or by his sufficient deputy for the 
term of his life And moreover We grant to the said 
Thomas twelve pence per day for his wages on the 
5" aforesaid office & six pence per day for the wages 
of a clerk under him in the same office To have & 
to take as well the said twelve pence per day for 
himself as the said six pence per day for the said 
clerk under him in the same office for the term of 
/ohis life from any customs & subsidies in the ports 
of the townships of Exon & Dertmouth or in either 
of them forthcoming or growing by the hands of the 
Collector or Customer of the said Customs & sub- 
sidies in the ports afore said or either of them for the 
Ttime being at the feasts of Easter & S' Michael the 
Archangel by equal portions together with all other 
profits jurisdictions commoditees & emoluments to 
the said office due appertaining or belonging And 
whereas certain causes & considerations specially 

10 moving Us We have assigned and appointed the 
said Thomas to ride as well concerning the pro- 
vision & emption of all stuff" & necessaries for our 
ships aforesaid as to take and arrest any ships in 
whatever ports & places of our realm of England as 

1^ often as necessity or cause on this behalf requires 
We of our aforesaid grace have granted & by these 
presents do grant to the said Thomas three shillings 
per diem for every day for which the said Thomas 
concerning this provision & emption or the taking 

30 or arresting of the said ships as is aforesaid shall 
happen to ride from the customs & subsidies 
aforesaid in the said ports of Exon & Dertmouth or 
either of them forthcoming or growing And more- 
over We will & by these presents grant that the 

•jrsaid Thomas from time to time & year to year 
during his life aforesaid the oath having been taken 
by the said Thomas or by his sufficient deputy or 



ROGER'S PATENT 5 

deputies in Our Chancery annually as many days in 
any year the said Thomas shall ride concerning the 
provision & emption of the necessaries aforesaid or 
concerning the taking or arresting of any ships may 
have so many & such writs of livery directed & to J" 
be directed to the collectors or customers aforesaid 
for the time being of the number of such days 
specified therein for the payment of the said three 
shillings per diem as well writs of allowance to the 
Treasurer & Barons of our Exchequer directed & 'o 
to be directed for the allowance of the said three 
shillings to him to be made & which to the said 
Thomas shall be necessary & opportune And we 
will and grant that our Chancellor of England for 
the time being upon the sole exhibition of these our t 
letters patents the oath as is aforesaid by the said 
Thomas or his sufficient deputy in Our Chancery 
having been taken may cause to be made & directed 
such & so many of the said writs which for the same 
Thomas from time to time as is aforesaid shall be^ 
necessary & opportune without any other Our war- 
rant or mandate on this behalf had or prosecuted 
Although express mention of other gifts or conces- 
sions by Us made to the said Thomas before this 
time not being made in these presents Or any^ 
statute act ordinance or provision to the contrary 
made issued or provided notwithstanding In witness 
whereof these our letters patent we have caused to 
be made Witness Ourself at Westminster xxj day 
of February the first year ^ of our reign ^o 

The said Johanne'nowe being accomptable vnto 
the Kyng our said most dradd souueraine lord for 
the said office As well of almaner of sommes of 
money by the said Thomas Roger his deputees or 
seruauntes in eny maner wise had or receyued at their 

1 i486. The portion in modern English is a translation of the 
Latin of the patent. 



6 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Receipt of the Kynges Eschequier or otherwise for 
and upon the conduting of his said office As of all 
maner sommes of money by hym his said deputees 
or servauntes paid emploide & spent for and upon 
prouision of Stuff Takle and Aparaill ordinaunces 
Artilleries and Abilaments of werre Reparacion and 
Riggyng of Shipps [with] and otherwise in con- 
dutyng of the said office And also of all the Kyngs 
Shipps and vessells with their stuff and takle to the 
same belongyng by hym receyued And of deliueree 
perusing & other wyse demeanyng of the said shipps 
vessells Stuff takle and Aparaill ffrom the ffest of 
Saynt Michell the archangell the first yere ^ of the 
most noble reigne of Our said Souuerayne lord vnto 
the XXV* day of ffebruarie the thridd yere^ of his 
said reigne which day the said Thomas Roger 
deceassed that is to say by ij hole yeres and cxlix 
dayes As herafter in this boke right playnely doth 
apiere 

' Sept. 29, 1485. 2 j^gg 



RECEPTES 

Here ensue almaner somes of money by the sayd 
Thomas Roger his deputees and servantes in eny 
maner wise receyued for and upon the condutyng 
of the said office and also all somes of money sett f 
upon hym for the same at the said Receipt which 
neuer came to his hands ne of his said deputees ne 
servantes within the tyme of this Accompte as here- 
after foloweth that is to say 

Receptes at the Kinges Exchequier that is » 
to say Michelmasse Terme the first yere ^ 

First the said Thomas Roger hath receyved at 
the Receypt of the Kinges Exchequier [by thands]^ 
of the Tresorer and Chambrelaynes there upon the 
condutyng of the said office by thands of John de n' 
Salvago marchaunt of Jayne ^ As in the Peall * of 
Michelmasse Terme the first yere of the Reigne 

1 1485. 

" All words and figures within brackets in the text are crossed 
out in the original manuscripts. 

* Genoa. Italian merchants played a large part in the financial 
and commercial history of the first two Tudors. Monetary ad- 
vances were obtained through them, and saltpetre and other 
military necessaries purchased of them. Henry VII. particularly 
affected the Genoese. 

* From the Latin pellis. Originally the records were written 
on skins ; later the term became applied to the rolls themselves 
e.g. 'The booke of the receipte of our said Eschequier called the 
T&le' {Exchequer Warrants for Issues, 11 Nov. 1467). 



8 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

of oure said soueraine lord [righte] playnely doth 
apiere .....••■ cc 
Also the same Terme receyued at the said 
Receypt in like wise of the said Tresorer and 
Chaumberlaynes there by thands of Richard Walter 
servant to Averey Corneborowe upon condutyng of 
the said office As at the said Receipt in the said 
boke cald the peall doth apiere at ij tyrnes the oon 
tyme viij" xiiij' & the second tyme xxxvj" xvij 

[viij" xiiij^] xlv" xj^ 

Sum ccxlv" xj^ 

Pasche terme the same yere — 

Also receyued in like wise at the said Receipt 
of the same Tresorer and Chamberlaynes there by 
assignment made unto hym the iiij day of Juli the 
first yere of the Kynges said noble reigne As in 
the said boke cald the Peell of Pasche terme the 
same first yere of Record doth apiere by a taille ^ to 
be levied by thands of Thomas Combes oon of the 
Collectors of the customs & subsidie in the port of 
Suthampton ...... xP' 

Also the same term by thandes of Averey 
Corneborough vnder Tresorer of England As in 
the said boke of Peall of Record in like wise doth 
apiere ...... vij'' viij^ 

Sum xlvij" vij 

'. Tally. Assignments were frequently made upon the revenue 
in the hands of Collectors of Customs etc. at the ports in favour 
of certain individuals. The officers were, of course, allowed for 
the same in their accounts at the Exchequer by presenting tallies, 
slips of wood notched in various ways to represent different sums. 
In this case Thomas Roger received the longitudinal half of one 
indented to indicate 40/. That half he handed over to Combes 
when the money was paid, and Combes, when he settled his 
accounts, would present it at the Exchequer, when it would be 
found to exactly match the half retained there. 



RECEIPTS 



Mychelmas term the secund year 

Also in like wise receyued At the same Receipt 
by thandes of John le Moyne vpon the newe makyng 
of the Kynges ship cald the Gracedieu the [said] 
money receyued by Henry Palmer xl" ^ And by 
thandes of the same Henry Palmer another tyme As 
at the same receipt of Record in like wise doth 
apiere xlv* iiij'' .... xlij" v' iiij'' 

Also received in like wise upon the wages and 

vittell of Dcciiij men marriners & soldiers receyued in 
vij shipps vpon the see in diuers sommes of money 
vnder written that is to say by thandes of the said 
Henry Palmer at oon time cc" Another tyme by 
the same hands Ixxiij" vj^ viij'* Another tyme 
by the same hands cxxxvj" xiij^ iiij"^ As at the said 
receipt in Mychelmasse terme the secund yere of 
the Kynges said noble reigne more playnely doth 
apiere of Record ..... ccccx'" 

Also receyuid in lyke wise vpon the Reward of 
diuers maistres & marriners of diuers Spaynerdes 
shipps by the Kynges high comaundment as in 
likewise of Record doth apiere . . . xx'' 

Also vpon the hire of the Kynges Storehouse in 
Grenewich for a yere endyng At Michelmasse the 
said secund yere of the Kynges reigne ^ . . c^ 

Also receyued in like wise by thandes of the said 
Henry Palmer in prest vpon the said office the 
same terme at ij tymes that is to say at oon tyme 
cP & another tyme civ" As of Record in like wise 
doth apiere cccv" 

Sum Dcciiij ij v' iiij^ 

> Hen. Palmer was a clerk of the Exchequer. 
* 29 Sept. i486. 



10 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Pasche Terme the same year 

Also there is sett upon the said Thomas Roger 
at the said Receipt as money receyued [theire] there 
by thandes of Thomas Brandon & other at oon tyme 

Dciiij xiiij" iij^ iiij"^ and another tyme xxx'' as in the 
boke cald the Peall of Pasche Terme the secund 
yere of the Kynges said noble reigne of Record doth 
apiere Dccxxiiij" iij^ iiij** 

Also sett upon hym in like wise as in money 
payd vnto Wiliam Remyngton of London Iron- 
mounger for diuers cabilles of hym bought vnto the 
Kyngs use As of Record the same doth apiere 

xiij'' xiij^ ix** 

Also receyued at the same Receipt the same 
terme vpon the kepyng of the Kynges Ship cald the 
Marie of the Towre. At oon tyme by thands of 
Henry Palmer xlv^ x^ & another tyme by his awne 
hands ^ vj" iiij^ As at the said Receipt of Record 
doth apiere . . . . . viij'' ix^ x** 

Yet Pasche Terme the same yere 

Also the same Terme receyued At the said 
Receipt by thandes of Thos Pratte [Ixv^] Ixvj^ viij'' 
Another tyme by thands of Henry Palmer for his 
costs ridyng to Harrewich xxvj^ viij** And another 
tyme by his owne handes xxxvij' ij'' As of Record in 
likewise doth apiere . . . . vj' x' vj'^ 

Sum Dcclij" xvij' v"* 

Michelmas Terme the iij'^ yere^ 

Also receyued in like wyse by thandes of Henry 
Palmer vpon the hyre of the Kynges storehowse at 
Grenewich for a yere endyng at Michelmasse the 

' I.e. by Thomas Roger himself. ^ 1487. 



RECEIPTS II 

thridde yere of the Kynges most noble reigne €■ And 
upon the kepyng of the Kynges Ship cald the Marie 
of the Towre in Thamys xxxij' As at the said 
Receipt the same Terme in Hke wise doth apiere 

vj" xij" 

Also another tyme receyued in like wyse the 
same Terme by thandes of the said Henry Palmer 
for the hir of a howse hired for the Kepyng of 
certen Cables and Ropes of the Kynges As of 
Record in like wise the same Terme doth apiere 

xxvj' iiij^ 

Also in lykewise receyued at this said Receipt 
upon the kepyng of the Kynges said ship cald the 
Marie of the Towre by thandes of Henry Palmer As 
of Record the same Terme in like wise doth apiere 

Ix^ 

Also receyued in like wise by his owne handes At 
the said Receipt the said Terme xiij^ iiij^ And by 
thandes of the said Thomas Pratte xxxvij^ x"* As at 
the said Receipt of Record doth apiere . Ij^ ij"* 

Sum xiij" ix' vj'* 

Somme of all maner Receipts by the said 
Thomas Roger receyued at the said Receypt within 
the tyme of this Accompt . mdcccxIj" xj^ iij"* 

fforene Receiptes^ 

fferthermore the said Thomas chargeth hym self 
with the some of xxiij" by hym receyved of Benet 
Spynell Marchaunt e:straunger for ij cables late 
bilonging to the Kinges Ship cald the Gracedieu to 
hym sold to the use of a Carrake at Hampton 
within the tyme of this Accompt . . xxiij'' 

Somme of almaner Receiptes within the tyme 
of this Accompt . . . MDCcclxiiij" xj' iij^ 

* Receipts from other sources than the Exchequer. 



12 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

The Marie of the Towre 

Here ensueth almaner costes charges and ex- 
penses by the said Thomas Roger had don and 
sustayned for the prouision of Stuff takle & aparaill 
ordinaunces Artillaries & abilamentes of Werre 
Reparacion & Rigging of the same Ship within the 
tyme of this Accompt that is to say 

Prouision of stuff and takle & Rigging ot 
Cables the said Ship the Marie of the 
Towre. 

Cables, ffirst payd the viij'*" day of Marche the 
first yere ^ of the most noble reigne of oure souue- 
rayne lord Kyng Henry the vij"" to John Halyngbury 
of London Irnemonger for vj cables the first of 
them conteyning in weight M'M^Dcxlvij lb the secund 
M'M'cciiij lb the iij"^ m'm'cccIj lb the iiij* m'm'ccc di^the 
v"" m'm'cc j quarteron And the vj"" M'M'cciij lb And 
so emong them all thei conteyne xiij^'Dcccc i 
quarter price of euery c^ xj^ viij'* [which amounteth 
to the somme] of hym so bought to the use of the 
Kynges said Ship within the tyme of this Accompt 

XX 

iiij j" iiij^ vij"^ 
Also the day and yere aforesaid paid to the same 
John Halyngbury for a caggeyng* cable weying 
m'c iij quarterons price of euery c xiViij*^ of hym so 
bought in like wise for the same Ship within [the] 
the same tyme . . . . . vj" xvij^ i'^ 

• i486. 

"^ Half, for a half cwt. The figures are 2,647, 2,204, 2,302, 
2,350, 2,225, ^"•^ 2,203 lbs. The total is therefore 13,931 lbs. 
instead of 13,925 as in the text, but the cost, 81/. 45. 7J., is right 
according to the smaller total, so that the odd 6 lbs. was apparently 
thrown in. 

^ Cwts. of 100 lbs. each. ^ Kedging. 



THE MARY OF THE TOWER 13 

Takkes. Also payd the xvi* day of the same 
month to John Browne of Bridport for a payre of 
takkes & a payr of shets weying Dccxlj lb. And an 
hauser for a tye weying olb in all m'ccxIj"' price of 
euery c xij' of him so bought for the same ship within 
the tyme of this accompt . . . vi" viij^ iiij'' 

Makyng of Ropes. Also payd the vij day of 
May the same yere to Peren Delamare hired for the 
[leying] openyng and newe leying of old Ropes that 
were belonging to the Kynges Ship cald the Grace- 
dieu wherof was made m'm'ccc weight of newe ropes 
of sundrie sorts price the makyng of every c iij^ iiij^ 
within the tyme aforesaid . . . Ixxvj^ viij"^ 

Saile twyne. Also paid the day and yere afore- 
said to Vincent Tye of Suthampton for vj skaynes of 
Saile Twyne of hym bought for the same Ship within 
the tyme of this accompt .... iij^ iiij"* 

Canuas. Also the day and yere aforesaid to the 
same Vincent for iij boltes Canuas price of euery bolt 
xx^ of hym bought for the amendyng of the sailes 
belongyng to the same Ship within the tyme afore- 
said ........ Ix^ 

Ankre. Also paid the last day of Aprill the same 
yere to laurence Haynes of Suthampton Marchaunt 
for an Anker of hym bought vnto the use of the 
same Ship within the tyme of this accompt cvj^ viij"* 
ScuUes. Also the same day to a wydowe late 
the wife of Walter Williams of Suthampton for ij 
seniles of her bought for the bote of the said ship 
within the tyme aforesaid . . . . vj^ 

Gonnpoudre. Also paid the xiij"'day of March 
the same yere to Corneles Smyth of Saint Katrynes 
for ij barrelLes Gonnepowdre conteyning in weight 
besides the tare niij lbs price of euery lb vi^ of hym 
so bought for the same Ship within the tyme of this 
Acompt , . . . . . xij" xj^ vj'' 

Also paid the xxvij* day of Aprill the same yere 



14 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

to Philip Loker of Suthampton for a barrell of 
gonnepoudre weying the tare abated cc lb price of 
euery lb \'f of hym so bought for the same Ship 
within the tyme of this Accompt . . . c' 

Tymbre. Also paid the x* day of marche the 
same year to Robert Castell shipwright for ij peces 
Tymbre of hym bought and spent that oon of them 
in makyng of a newe Rother xiij^ iiij** And the 
other in making of clampes for the same Rother 
iij^ iiij^ for the same Ship within the tyme of this 
Accompt ...... xvj^ viij"* 

Also the same day paid to Raufe a Calton for 
a pece of tymbre of hym bought and spent in makyng 
of a talland ^ for the same Rother of the said Ship 
within the tyme of this Accompt . . vj^ 

Mast. Also paid the day and yere abouesaid to 
Laurence Haynes of Suthampton for a mast of hym 
bought and spent in makyng of a Mayne Meson 
mast for the said Ship within the tyme aforesaid 

iiij" 

Cokke.^ Also paid the xvj"" day of March the 
same yere to Antony de la tour marchaunt es- 
traunger for a Cokke of xiiij ores of hym bought 
vnto the use of the same Ship within the tyme of 
this Accompt .... iiij'' vj^ viij*^ 

Top arming. Also paid the x"" day of Marche 
the same yere to Thomas Hawden of london Taylor 
for a Top Armyng of say ^ of hym bought to the use 
of the same ship within the tyme of this Acompt xl^ 

Pitch. Tarre. Also paid the day and yere 

' ' Tallant, the upper hance or break of the rudder abaft ' 
(Smyth, Sailor's Word-Book). 

^ From old Fr. co'que, a boat. 

' Say, a woollen cloth. Used in red, white, or green for 
streamers (Augmentation Off. Book No. 317 f. 24. Accounts of 
1501-2). In 1513, and probably at this time, top-armours were 
in red, yellow, green, and white. In 1423 the Trinity Royal has 
'j armyng cloth pur le Top.' 



THE MARY OF THE TOWER 15 

aforesaid to Peter Vandergose for a last of pitch and 
Tarre of hym bought and spent in Rigging of the 
same Ship within the tyme of this Accompt xlviij' 

Shodd Shovills. Also paid the xx"" day of 
ffebruary the same yere to William Parker of london 
Turnor for iiij dd ^ shodd shovills ''' price the dd iiij' 
of hym so bought to the use of the same Ship 
within the tyme of this Accompte . . xvj^ 

Pitch Ketle. Also paid the [day and yere 
aforesaid to] iiij* day of Marche the same yere to 
Laurence Haynes of Suthampton for a pitch ketle 
of hym bought for the same Ship within the tyme 
aforesaid . . . . . . xvj^viij'' 

Ocutn. Also paid the day and yere abouesaid 
to Henry Stone of London ffishmounger for xl stone 
[occu]okum price the stone v"^ ob^ of him so bought 
and spent in serching and calking of the same Ship 
within the tyme of this Accompt . xviij^ iiij*^ 

Shipbordes. Also paid to William Cowper the 
same day for vij Shipbordes of hym bought and spent 
[upon] in repayring and amending of the Cokke of 
the same Ship within the time aforesaid . ij^ 

Sundrie necessaries of Irne by the weight. 
Also paid the xx* day of Marche the same yere to 
Philip Loker of Suthampton Smyth for diuers 
parcelles of Irnewerk of hym bought by weight and 
Annexed and spent in the same Ship in maner and 
forme vnderwritten that is to say a pyntell & a 
gogeon for the Rother weying Ij lb annexed to the 
same Rother & c lb of spykes spent upon the same 
price of euery lb ij*^ — xxv^ ij'^ ; also for xl lb spikes ; 
Ixj lb di* of long Rofe & clenche ;* A bolte of Irne 

• Dozen. * Wooden shovels shod with iron. 
' Fivepence halfpenny. , * 6i|lbs. 

* Nails. Sometimes 'Rove' or 'Ruffe.' 'The Rove is that 
little iron plate into which the clinch nails are clinched, the planks 
of clincher boats are thus fastened together, which kind of work 



1 6 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

for the porte & another for the Chene of the Cokke 
and a plate of Irne for the steme of the same Cokke 
conteyning in weight emong them all ex lb di price 
of every lb i"* ob. — xiii^ ix"^ ob and for another c rofe 
& clenche xiiij'* of hym so bought and annexed and 
spent upon the same Ship & Cokke within the time 
aforesaid . . . . . . xP i"* ob. 

Nailes. Also paid the day and yere aforesaid 
to the same Philip Loker for ccc iij peny nailes ix"* ; 
cc iiij peny nailes viij"* ; cc vj peny nailes xij** & c x 
peny nailes x"* of hym bought and spent in rigging 
of the same Ship within the tyme aforesaid iii^ iij'* 

Necessaries. Also paid the same day and yere 
to sundrie persones for diuers things necessarie vnder 
written that is to say first a pottell ^ oyle for the calkers 
vj*^ spent in calkyng of the said Ship [bren] also for 
brennying^ iiij^ viij*^; cccc di belet^ iij^; dl c tallowe 
vj' iiij shepe skynnes for mapoldes * viij** ; iij lb 
thrumes for the same iij^^ of them so bought and 
spent in Rigging of the same Ship within the tyme 
of this Accompt. And for thamending of the 
Ketell x . . . ■ . . . . xv'' xi*^ 

Wages of Shipwright. Also paid the xx*^ 
day of Marche the same yere to John H aster of Dep- 
ford Stronde Shipwright for costs expenses & labor 
riding from London to Suthampton and there abiding 
xiiij dales in rigging of the Kyngs said Ship & riding 

is called rove and clinch ' (Nomenclator Navalis, 1625). In 1365 
we find ' 14000 rove nails for the lathing at 1/4 per 1000' (Brayley 
and Britten, Hist, of the Houses of Parliament, Lond. 1836, p. 191). 

1 Two quarts. ^ Breaming. ^ 450 billets of wood. 

* Mops, e.g. sheepskins for ' mappes ' to lay on pitch, rosin, 
and tallow, 3^. a dozen (infra, pp. 174, 226, 294). 

5 Coarse woollen or hempen yarn. ' Throms to make mappes ' 
{Chapter House Bk. Vol. XI. p. 93). ' Forasmoche as ye Wevers 
. . . have taken ... in common usage and custume what tyme 
yat yei have wroght a clothe almost to ye end to kitte away to 
yair singuler avauntage ye yerne yat leveth unwoven and callen 
hit Thrommes' etc. {Rot. Pari. IV. 360 ; 1429). 



THE MARY OF THE TOWER 17 

home ayen by couenaunte with hym made in grete^ 
within the time of this Acompt . . . xP 

Yet wages of Shipwrightes. Also paid the 
day andyere aforesaid to sundrie Shipwrightes vnder- 
written hired for the rigging and repayring of the 
same Ship that is to say WilHam Cowper xxv daies 
John ffoder & William Bolen either of them xix 
daies Robert Castell xxiiij daies Thomas Oxford 
iiij daies John Olis and John Wilson either of them 
xj daies every of them takying by the day vj'^ besides 
mete and drynke within the tyme of this Accompt. 

Ivj^ vj*^ 

Wages of Calkers and Marriners. Also 
paid the viij day of Marche the yere aforesaid to 
John fforde and iij other with hym calkers comyng 
from London to Suthampton for calkyng of the 
same Ship for theire costs at iij^ iiij'' a pece within 
the tyme aforesaid . . . . xiij^ iiij'' 

Also paid the xxiiij"" day- of the same month of, 
Marche the same yere- to the said John fforde & his 
iij felowes calkers calking upon the same Ship by the 
space of xiiij daies euery of them at vj"* by day & 
mete & drynke . . . . . . xxviij^ 

Also paid the xij* day of AprilP the same yere 
for the wages of xxx marriners receyued in the same 
ship by the space of vj wekes endyng the same day 
for the Rigging and takeling of the same Ship euery 
of them at xij'' by weke .... ix" 

Vittel of Artificers and Marriners. Also 
paid the xij day of May the same yere for xlj dd. 
brede xlj^ ; ix pipes here at vj viij'' the pipe Ix* ; cc 
salt-fishes iiij" ; iij cades ^ hering xvij' ; ij befs i 
quarter xxxvij^ v^ ; ij bushels salt ij^ xviij dd candall 
iij^ and d belet iij^ iiij'' bought of sundrie persons and 
spent by the said Carpenters Shipwrights Calkers 

' By contract for the whole business. ^ Still i486. 

^ White Herring, 600 to the cade ; 20 cades ^ i last. 

C 



i8 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

and Marriners in Rigging of the Kings said Ship 
the said monthe of Marche and Aprill within the 
tyme of this Acompt . . . xij" iij= ix^ 

Expences necessarie. Also paid the xij* 
day of ffebruarie the same yere^ to Thomas Arnold of 
Holborne brigge [for] hired for the conveyaunce 
of pitche tarre okum and other stuffe ordeyned and 
bought for the same Ship from london to Suthamp- 
ton by couenant made with him in grete within the 
time of this Acompt .... xxvj^ viij"^ 

Also paid the xiiij* day of Marche the same 
yere to William Cowper for the hyre of his Grete 
bote [for] hired for the conueyance of gonnes & 
other stuffe out of the Ship for to make her light 
that she [may] might come on grounde by the space 
of iij dales takyng for euery day xij'' within the 
tyme of this Accompt ..... iij^ 

Also paid to William Peny Pursor of the same 
Ship for his costs riding frorti Suthampton to Sales- 
bury for diuers necessaries concerning the same ship 
within the tyme aforesaid .... xviij"* 

Somme of the prouision of Stuff takle & Aparaill 
Reparacion Sc Riggyng of the Marie of the Towre 

clxxiiij" xvj^ vj'^ ob. 

The ffote ^ of all the aforesaid stuff prouided and 
bought into the said Ship within the tyme of this 
Accompt 

Cables of sundrie sortes . . vj 
Caggyng cable . . . . j 

Hauser . . . . . j 

Takkes . . . . . j payr 

Shets ...... j payr 

Ropes of sundrie sortes made of 

the Kynges old Ropes . . m'm'ccc lb. 
Saile Twyne . . . • vj skaynes 

1 i486. ^ The total or addition. 



THE MARY OF THE TOWER 



19 



J 

y 

Dcciij lb. 
J 

J 
J 

j last] 
iiij dd. 

j 
} of stuff in the 



Canuas ' iij boltes 

Anker .... 

Sculles 

Gonne pouder in iij barrels 

Mayne meson mast 

[Tymbre] . 

Cokkes 

Toppe Armynge of say 

[Pitch & tarre 

Shovilles shod 

pitch Kettell 

Rendered in the rereaccompt 
same ship. 

fforein emptions 

Serpentynes. The aforesaid Thomas Roger 
hath paid the iiij* day of June the first yere of our 
said Souerayne lord _to Philip Loker of Suthampton 
Smyth for viij serpentynes ^ of Irne price of every 

* First account. 

^ There is nowhere to be found any contemporary description 
of the serpentine, the earliest being of the time of Elizabeth. It 
then weighed 400 lbs., carried a 5^ oz. ball fired with a charge of 
f lb. of powder, and had an extreme range of 1,300 paces. It was 
then going out of use, but during the last quarter of the fifteenth 
and first half of the sixteenth centuries had been the favourite 
ship gun. An inventory of the Henry Grace a Dieu, of 1514, 
gives her 184 pieces of ordnance, of which 126 were brass and iron 
serpentines ; another paper (Letters and Papers of Henry VIII. 
i. 4968) names 183 pieces, including 122 iron and 4 brass serpen- 
tines. These guns always had one or two removable chambers for 
loading, and are sometimes distinctly stated to have been mounted 
upon wheels. Double serpentines are frequently mentioned in the 
sixteenth century. The first mention I know of its weight as a ship 
gun is of 1513 (Stowe MS., 146, f. 71), when 50 were provided, 
weighing with their fittings, but without chambers, 26i|^ lbs. each ; 
100 chambers for them weighed 4, 100 lbs. Serpentines for field use 
were much heavier, some purchased in the same year averaged 
more than 1,100 lbs. apiece. Four of this class were made for 
Henry VI. in 1453 in length ^\it. and 8|ft., and throwing a 2|lb. 
and 3ilb. leaden ball. {Roll of Foreign Accounts, No. XIV.) 

If the 'pieces,' on a later page (p. 279), of twenty-nine iron 

02 



20 . NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

pece xx^ of hym so bought vnto and for the 
Kynges most noble vse within the tyme of this 
Accompt viij" 

Gonne poudre. Also paid the same day to the 
said Philip for a barrel] of gonnepoudre ^ conteyning 
in weight the tare abated cc j lb price of euery lb 
vj"^ of hym so bought to the Kynges said use within 
the tyme aforesaid ..... c' vj"^ 

Cables and Hausers. Also paid the xx* day 
of March the secund yere^ of our said souerayne 
lordes reigne by thandes of Thomas Pierson oon of 
the Tellers of the Kynges Exchequier to William 
Remyngton of London Alderman for ij cables oon 
of them weying m'cc lb j quarteron & the secund 
M'ccxiiij lb & j hauser weying ccc lb conteyning 
amonges them all ij^'vcc j quarteron xiiij lb ^ price 
of euery c-x? of hym so bought to the use of our said 
Souerayne lord within the tyme of this Accompt 

xiij" xiij^ ix"* 

Sum of all the said Emptions xxvj'" xiiij^ iij"* 

Kepyng of Shipps. 

Here ensue almaner costes charges & expanses by 
the said Thomas Roger paid sustayned & borne for 
and upon the saufe kepyng of the Kings Shipps within 
havens within the tyme of this Accompt that is to say 

The Gracedieu. ffirst paid the xj* day of 

marche the first yere * of the most noble reigne of 

serpentines and one of brass represent the full weight — 65^ lbs. 
each the former, and 90 lbs. the latter — these guns were very 
much lighter at this date than in 15 13. But it is probable that 
the broken metal inventoried was only the portion saved after 
bursting or other accident. 

' Powder and shot were made at home. In 1490 five lasts 
of serpentine powder were bought of Thos. Ffauconer at 50/. a 
last ; in 1495 he is called ' oure gounepoudre maker.' The last 
was 2,400 lbs. ^ 1487. 

3 2,739 lbs. One pound and a half is not charged for in the 
price of 13/. 13^. 9^. ^ i486. 



SHIP-KEEPING IN HARBOUR 21 

oure said Soueraine lord King Henry the vij"" for 
the wages of xx marriners reteyned in the Kynges 
Ship cald the Gracedieu for the saufe keping of the 
same from the xxij* day of August the same yere 
vnto the kj* day of October ^ then next ensuying 
that is to say by the space of vij wekes euery of 
them takyng by the weke xij"* for his wages within 
the tyme of this Accompt , . . . . vij" 

Also paid the day and yere abouesaid to William 
Peny then Pursor ^ of the same ship for the vittell 
of the said xx marriners for a weke [begynnyj 
begynnyng the said xxij'*" day of August vnto the 
xxix"" day of the same euery of the same marriners 
at xij** within the tyme aforesaid . . . xx^ 

Also paid the day and yere abouesaid to Richard 
Symondes Maister of the same Ship & Nicholas 
Wotton Boteswayne of the same attending about 
the saufe kepyng of the same Ship ouer and aboue 
the said noumbre of xx marriners by the said space 
of vij wekes endyng the said [xxix*] xj* day of 
Octobre for theire wages the said Maister at iij^ iiij*^ 
by the weke and the Boteswayne at xviij*^ by the 
weke within the tyme of this Accompt xxxiij^ x** 

Also paid the day and yere abouesaid to the 
said Richard Symondes for his costes and expenses 
riding at ij sundrie tymes fro [hampton] Suthampton 
to London to the Kynges grace by his high comaund- 
ment for diuers matters concerning the same Ship 
within the tyme aforesaid .... xx^ 

' The dates in the text, as in all official documents, are calcu- 
lated, not by the legal or historical, but by the regnal year, that is, 
from the day of the king's accession. In the case of Henry VII. 
that event occurred on 22 Aug. 1485, therefore the money paid 
on II Mar. 1485-6 was for services rendered from 22 Aug. to 
II Oct. preceding. 

* The title of purser was old even in the days of Henry VII. 
In addition to the duties particularly associated with the post, 
pursers are often found to be charged with the keeping and control 
of ships and the purchase of timber, canvas, and other stores. 



22 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Also paid the xvj* .day of Octobre the same 
yere ^ to John Haster Shipwright As well vj' for his 
costs and expences riding from London to Bursel- 
den to the said ship in and owt by vj daies takyng 
for every day xij"^ As for his wages vj^ viij"* workyng' 
about the said Ship by x daies ouer the said vj daies 
preparyng the strikyng of her mast takyng for every 
day viij** within the tyme of this Accompt . xij^ viij'* 

Also paid to the same John Haster the day and 
yere aforesaid for his horse hire by the space of the 
said vj daies riding in & out, & x daies [the] workyng 
upon the said Ship takyng for euery day iiij"^ & horse 
meite at Suthampton the said x daies there workyng 
at iij** the day & night within the tyme of this 
Accompt . . . . . . vij^ x^ 

Also paid the day and yere abouesaid to ij men 
hired for the fellyng of the said Ships mast by the 
space of a day either of them at vj^ within the tyme 
aforesaid ....... xij'' 

Also payd the vj"" day of Octobre the same yere 
to William Parken of London Turnor for iij dd 
shodde shovilles price of euery dd with the cariage 
v^ of hym so bought vnto and for the use of the same 
Ship within the tyme of this Accompt . . xv'' 

Also paid the last day of ffebruarie the same yere^ 
to Richard Symondes maister of the same Ship viij 
men & a page hired for the saufe Keping of the said 
Ship from the xj"* day of Octobre the first yere of 
our Soueraine lord Kyng Henry the vij* vnto the 
said last day of ffebr then next after by the space of 
XX wekes the said Maister at iij^ by the weke viij 
men euery of them at ij^ ^ & the page * xviij"* by the 
weke within the tyme aforesaid . . xx" x^ 

Also paid the xxviij* day of Marche the same 

' 1485. * i486. 

' This doubtless includes victualling. Compare next entry. 

■* Ship's boy. French page de navire ; cf. Spanish paje. 



SHIP-KEEPING IN HARBOUR 23 

yere to the said Maister and xx other marriners 
reteyned for the saufe kepyng of the same ship and 
laboryng in castyng out of the [last] ^ ballast and 
conueying of the Stuff and takle of her into the 
Abbey of Netley by the space of iiij wekes the said 
Maister at iij^ by the weke and euery of the said xx 
marriners at ij^ by the weke for theire wages and 
vittell within the tyme aforesaid . . viij" xij^ 

Also paid the xij* day of May the same yere^ for 
the wages and vittell of c men hired by the space of 
ij dales for the conueyaunce of the said Ship into the 
dokke euery man at viij"* within the tyme afore 
expressed . . . . . vj" xiij^ iiij^ 

Also paid the day and yere aforesaid to William 
Saxsy of Tychfeld laborer hired for the makyng 
clene of the said dokke and shottyng the hede of 
the same by couenant with hym made in grete within 
the tyme of this Accompt . . . vj" xiij' iiij"^ 

Also paid the day and yere aforesaid to John 
Raster shipwright for his costes riding from London 
to Suthampton and ayen ^ and there attending about 
the bringing of the same ship Into her dokke by the 
space of xiiij daies within the tyme aforesaid . xl^ 
Sum Ivj'' xix^ 

The Marie of the Towre 

Also paid the xj* day of Octobre the first yere * 
of the said noble reigne of oure Souueraine lord the 
Kyng for the wages [and vittells] of xxj marriners 
reteyned in the Kynges ship called the Marie of the 
Toure for the saufe keping of the same [afore] in 

> The clerk intended at first to write ' lastage,' the old word 
for 'ballast.' Last, lastage, and ballast are all from the A.S. 
hlcBst, a load. 

2 i486. 

* To Southampton and back again. * i48S' 



24 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

the porte of Suthampton from the xxij* day of August 
the same yere vnto the said xj"" day of Octobre by 
the space of vij wekes the Maister at iij^ iiij** by the 
weke the boteswayne at xviij^ and euery other 
marriner at xij*^ withyn the tyme of this Accompt 

viij" vj' x*^ 

Also paid the xxj* day of Octobre the same yere 
for the wages of xxx marriners hired ouer and aboue 
the said noumbre of xxj marriners Kepyng the said 
ship for the conueyance of the same from afore 
Suthampton to Burselden to be kept with lesse 
charge by the space of a weke euery marriner at xij** 

xxx^ 

Also paid the day and yere abouesaid to John 
Hervy lodesman for lodemanage ^ of the same Ship 
from afore the said Town to Burselden by couenant 
with hym made in grete within the tyme of this 
Accompt ....... x^ 

Also paid the day and yere aforesaid for a quarter 
of beef iiij^ iiij"* ; to Dauy White for di c bukhorne ^ x"^ 
and to Stephen Smyth for a quarteron of salt fish 
x'' of them so bought and spent in conueyance of the 
said Ship to Burselden the same tyme . xv' ij** 

Also paid the last day of fifebruarie the same 
yere ^ for the wages and vittell of v men and a page 
kepyng the same Ship at Burselden from the xj"" day 
of October vnto the said last day of ffebruarie that 
is to say by the space of xx wekes euery [of them 
xv} man at ij' by the weke and the page at xviij"* by 
the weke within the tyme aforesaid . . xj" x^ 

Also paid the secund day of August the [said] 
secund yere * of the Reigne of our said Souuerayne 

1 Piloting. 

^ Buck, elk, and hart horns occur not only in the victualling 
accounts but almost invariably among the ordnance stores of the 
fifteenth century, possibly for cross-bows. 

* i486. " 1487. 



SHIP-KEEPING IN HARBOUR 25 

lord the Kyng to John Mustok Hugh Alen & John 
Miller Carpenters hired for the stopping of sundrie 
lekes of the same Ship after she come out of the 
parties of Lumbardie by the space of vj daies euery 
of them at viij"* by day for their wages and vittells 
within the tyme of this Accompt . . xij ^ 

Also paid the day and yere aforesaid to John 
Cappe maister of the same Ship and xvij marriners 
with hym reteyned in the same- from the xxx* day 
of July the same yere which day the said Thomas 
Roger receyued the said ship of Sir William Capell ^ 
Knight & William Heriott Marchaunt after the said 
voiage into the parties of Lumbardie vnto the said 
vj* day of August by the space of a hole weke for 
the stopping of lekes & castyng Balast the said John 
Cappe at xx"* John Teys Boteswayne xviij"* William 
Geffrey xvj"* xiij men euery man at xij"^ & ij men 
either at viij*^ by the said weke euery of them at xij** 
for their vittell ..... xxxvj^ x** 

Also paid the secund day of Octobre the iij"^ yere ^ 
of the Reigne of the Kinges said Reigne for the 
wages and vittell of viij marriners reteyned in the 
said Ship for the Saufe kepyng of the same by the 
space of viij wekes [euery of the] endyng the same 
day euery of them at ij^ by the weke within the tyme 
aforesaid ...... vj" viij^ 

Also paid the day and yere aforesaid to John 
Cappe & Richard Grene masters and xxx other 
marriners hired ouer the said noumbre of viij mar- 
riners attending & laboring as well in bringing the 
said Ship into the Dokke at Erith as in conueyance 

' Sheriff of London 1489, Lord Mayor in 1503 and 1509 ; 
ancestor of the Earls of Essex. He must have been a wealthy 
man, since, towards the end of the reign, he got into difficulties 
with Empson and Dudley to the amount of 1,600/., and only 
Henry's death, it is said, saved him from further extortion (Bacon, 
Life of Henry VII.). 

^ 1487- 



d 



26 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

of her stuff & takle into the Kyngs Store howse at 
Grenewich by the space of a weke endyng the said 
secund day of Octobre the said John Cappe at iii^ iiij"* 
Richard Grene ij' & euery other xij"^ for their wages 
and euery man xij* for his vittell within the tyme of 
this Accompt ..... Ixvij^ iiij"* 

Also paid the day and yere abouesaid to WilHam 
Coke of Grenewich for the hyre of his Hghtor hired 
by the space of the weke afore expressed for the 
conueiance of the Stuff and takle belongyng to the 
said Ship into the store hows at Grenewich by 
couenant made with hym in grete within the tyme 
of this Accompt ..... vj^ viij 

Also paid the xxvj* day of Novembre the same 
yere to John Osmonde & Ruff Cooke for their 
wages & vittell reteyned for the Saufe keping of the 
same Ship at Erith in a dokke from the second day 
of Octobre the same yere vnto the said [secund d] 
xxvij'*' day of Novembre by the space of viij wekes 
either of them at ij^ by the weke within the tyme 
aforesaid ...... xxxij^ 

Also paid the xxj* day of ffebruarie the same 
yere ^ to the said John & [Raufe] Ruff for their like 
wages and vittell keping the said Ship at Erith in 
her dokke from the aforesaid xxvj* day of Novem- 
bre vnto the ix"" day of Marche then next ensuying 
that is to say by xv wekes either of them at ij^ by 
the weke within the tyme aforesaid . . Ix^ 

Somne xxxix" xiiij^ x** 

The Gouernor 

Also paid the vj"' day of Octobre the first yere ^ 

of the most noble reigne of oure said souueraine 

lord the Kyng to the Maister of the Kynges ship cald 

the Gouernor John Hamond and xxj other marri- 

' 1488. 2 1485. 



SHIP-KEEPING IN HARBOUR 27 

ners hired for the Saufe Keping of the same Ship 
afore the town of Suthampton from the xxij* day 
of August the said first yere vnto the xj* day 
of Octobre then next ensuying that is to say by the 
space of vij wekes the said Maister at iij^ iiij"* by the 
weke and every other marriner at xij* by the weke 
for their wages besides their vittell within the tyme 
of this Accompt .... viij" xvij^ iiij"* ^ 

Also paid the xxj* day of Octobre the same yere 
for the wages of xx marriners [hired] ouer & above 
the said noumbre kepyng the said Ship hired for 
the conueyance of the same Ship from afore the said 
Town of Suthampton to Burselden there to be kept 
at the Kynges lesser cost & charges from the xj* 
day of Octobre vnto the xviij* day of the same 
Month that is to say by the space of a weke euery 
of them at xij** besides his vittell xx^ And the same 
day to Alen Wilson marriner hired for the lode- 
manage of the same Ship from afore the said Town 
of Suthampton vnto Burselden by couenant with hym 
made in grete x^ within the tyme of Accompt xxx^ 

Also paid the day and yere aforesaid to a Bocher 
of Hampton for a quarter of beef iiij^ iiij'' to David 
White for di c bukhorne x** & to Stephen Smyth for 
a quarter of salt x' of them so bought and spent in 
bringyng of the same Ship to Burselden within the 
tyme aforesaid xv' ij"* 

Also paid the same day and yere to the Bote- 
swayne of a Spaynard ship for hym and his felawes 
in Reward for the weying of an Anker belongyng to 
the Kynges said Ship whiche was left behynde her 
afore the said Towne of Suthampton within the 
tyme Aforesaid ...... ij^ 

• In this and several other instances the accounts do not 
appear to work out correctly ; sometimes they are marked with 
an asterisk in the MS., showing that the discrepancies did not 
escape notice. 



28 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Also paid the last day of ffebruarie the same 
yere ^ for the wages and vittell of iiij men for the 
saufe keping of the same Ship from the xj'^ day of 
Octobre vnto the said last day of ffebruarie by the 
space of XX wekes euery of them at ij^ by the weke 
within the tyme Aforesaid .... viij'" 

Somme of all the Costs & charges concerning the 
keping of the said Shippe . . . cxv'' xviij^ ij^ 

WAGES OF WARRE 

Wages of sundrie Capitaines and men of Werre 
that is to say marriners & soldiors reteined in the 
Kyngs seruice upon the See in Shipps cald 

The Marie Guldeford. The said Thomas Roger 
the [secund] ix"" day of Aprill the secund yere ^ of 
the reigne of oure said Souueraine lord Kyng Henry 
the vij* for the wages and vittell of ccxl men 
marriners and soldiors reteigned in Ship cald the 
Marie Guldeford upon the see for the [saufe] keping 
of the saufe ^ from the xv* day of Marche the same 
yere vnto the x"" day of May then next ensuying 
that is to say by the space of viij weekes euery man 
at ij^ iij"* ob. * by the weke for the same tyme within 
the tyme of this Accompt . . . ccxx" 

The Carvell of Ewe.° Also paid the day and 
yere aforesaid to John Dauid yoman of the Corowne ® 

* i486. 2 1487. 3 Sic. 

* Two shillings and threepence halfpenny. 

* Eu, on the Norman coast. 

^ There were usually tWehty-four Yeomen of the Crown, 
' semely persones . . . bold men, chosen and tryed out of every 
lordes house in England for thejre cunnyng and virtew ' {Liber 
Niger Domus Regis Edward J V.). In the time of Edward III. 
they appear to have been a body-guard, but were now attached 
to various departments of the royal household for personal 
service. They were sometimes employed on work other than 
domestic — ' and also the yomen of the crowne bene ridden into 
diveise countries to arrest men that be apeched' (Plumpton 
Correspondence, Camd. Soc. p. 20). Cf. also Burrows, The Family 
of Brocas of Beaurepaire; p. 57. 



HIRED SHIPS 29 

Maister and owner of a ship cald the Carvell of 
Ewe otherwise cald the Marie and John for the 
wages and vittell of clxx men marriners and soldiors 
reteyned to do the Kyng seruice in the same Ship 
vpon the See by the space of all the said viij wekes 
euery man at ij' iij"^ ob by the weke within the tyme 
of this Acompte .... civ" xvj^ viij"* 

The Marie of Portismouth. Also paid the 
day and yere aforesaid to John Dokett and Richard 
Hardy owners of a ship cald the Marie of Portes- 
mouth for the wages and vittell of clx men marriners 
and soldioures reteyned in the same to do the Kyng 
seruice upon the See in like wise by the space of the 
said viij wekes every man at ij' iij^ ob by the weke 
within the tyme of this Acompt . cxlvj'' xiij^ iiij"* 

The Marie Turbirvile and the Margaret. 
Also paid the iiij'* day of Aprill the same yere to s'' 
John Turbirvill ^ knyght owner of ij shippes oon of 
them cald the Marie Turbirvile and that other the 
Margaret for the Wages and vittell of Dclx men 
marriners and soldiours reteyned in the said ij 
shipps to do the Kyng seruice vpon the see from 
the xxvj"" day of Marche the same yere vnto the 
xxj"" day of May then next ensuyng that is to say 
by the space of viij wekes euery man at ij^ iij'' ob by 
the weke within the tyme Aforesaid cxlvj" xiij^ iiij"^ 

The John de ffole.^ Also paid the ix day of 
Aprill the same yere to Richard Barkeley owner of a 
Barke cald John de ffole for the wages and vittell of 
1 men marriners & souldiours reteyned in the same 
to do the Kyng seruice upon the see from the xv* 
day of Marche the same yere vnto the x* day of May 
then next ensuying that is to say by the space of 
[ij ms] viij wekes euery man at ij'' iij** ob by the 
weke within the tyme of this Accompt xlv'' xvj^ viij"' 

' Of Bere Regis, Dorsetshire. John Turberville was knighted 
on Bosworth Field, and Sheriif of Somerset and Dorset in i486. 
^ Folly, adjoining Bideford, on the River Torridge, co. Devon. 



30 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Somme of all the said Wages of Werre dccxv" 

fforene costes & Expenses necessarie in conduting 
of the said ofifice That is to say 

Hiring of a Store house at Grenwich 

fferthermore the said Thomas Roger paid for 
the fferme of a hows at Grenewich hired for the sauf 
kepying of the Kynges Stuff and takle and ordnaunce 
belongying unto hys Ships at c^ by yere payable 
at the ffestes of Ester and Michelmasse by even 
porcons, that is to say for iiij ffestes within the tyme 
of this Acompt x''. 

Also the Aforesaid Johanne Roger prayth to be 
allowde for the ferme of the said Storehowse occupied 
with the Kyngs said Stuff takle & ordinaunces from 
the fest of Michelmasse the iij"^ yere ^ of the Kyngs 
said Reigne vnto the [fest] ix daye of Aprill [Michel- 
masse] last past that is to say by oon half year & 
X dayes ..... lij^ viij"^ ob [c'] 

Riding costs of Henry Palmer 

Also to Henry Palmer the ix* day of Aprill the 
said secund yere ^ of the Kynges reigne for his Costes 
and expenses ridyng from London to portesmouth 
& in to the He of Wyght for the arestyng of a ship 
cald the Marie of Portismouth for to do the Kyng 
seruice vpon the See riding in & out & occupied 
about the same by the space of x dayes at xyj"^ by 
day within the tyme of this Accornpte . xiij* iiij"* 

Also to the same Henry for his costes Expenses 
& horse hire with ij men ridyng with hym for the 
saufe condutyng and conueiance of money from 
London vnto Portismouth & Waymuth apoynted 
for the Wages and vittell of sundrie marriners and 
soldiors reteyned in ij ships bylongyng to s' John 

' 1487- '•' 1487. 



ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES 31 

Turbirvill & apointed to the See in the Kynges 
seruice for ij months so ridyng to & from and occu- 
pied about the same by the space of xij daies within 
the tyme of this Accompt . . . xxjx^ viij^ 

Also to the same Henry, Robert Wryght & 
William Mountford for their like Costes & Expenses 
riding from London to Sandwich & along by the 
See coost to the Canibre ^ with civ li [of money] 
apoynted for the Wages & vittell of sundrie marriners" 
& soldiors reteyned in the shipps cald the Marie 
Guldeford the Carvell of Ewe the Marie Portismuth 
& the John de fole for the secund month so riding 
for the saufe conduting of the said money by the 
space of xij daies within the tyme of this Acompt 

xxix* viij** 

Also paid the xiij"" day of May the same yere for 
the costes & Expenses of the said Henry Palmer 
riding from London to Harwich with William Page 
oon of the Tellers of the Kynges Eschequier for the 
saufe condutyng of money apoynted for the Wages 
and vittell of marriners & soldiors in the Kynges 
flete vnder Thomas Brandon^ for ij months & there 
attendyng about the payment of the same by the 
space of XX daies at xvi** by day within the tyme of 
this Accompt xxvj' viij"^ 

Hire of an hows in London for the 
Kynges stuff 

Also paid the vj* day of Nouembre the iij*^ yere ^ 
of the reigne of oure Souueraine lord the Kyng for 

' Camber of Rye. 

" Diplomatist and soldier, uncle of the better-known Charles 
Brandon Duke of Suffolk, second husband of Mary Tudor, 
dowager Queen of France. Thomas was with Henry VII. in 
Brittany and was subsequently employed in various military posts. 
Knighted 1497, afterwards K.G., and sent as ambassador to the 
Emperor Maximilian. Died 1509. 

' 1487. 



2,2 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

the hire of a hows [of] in London to ley in v Janua ^ 
Cables & vij hausers forfetted by s' William Capell 
& other Marchauntes in bringyng the same on land 
uncustumed lying in the same howse xix wekes at 
vj^ by the weke ix^ vj'^ & for the portage of the same 
ropes to the water syde to be caried to Grenewich 
to the Kynges store howse there v^ And for the 
conueyance down of the same Cables & hawsers to 
Grenqwich to the said Storehowse & makyng clene 
of the same xij^ [xviij^ vj^] by couenauntes made in 
grete within the tyme of this Accompt 

xxvj^ [viij''] vj^ 

A Reward to the Shipps of Spayne 

Also paid by the Kynges high comaundment to 
diuers Maisters & marriners belongyng vnto diuers 
Shipps of Spayne reteyned to do the Kyng seruice 
in Reward because of their long abidyng in Thammys 
without wages or vittell abiding the Kyngs voiage 
within the tyme of this Accompt . . xx" 

Costes of John Halyngburye & Thomas 
Pratte 

Also paid the xx* day of ffebruarye the iij"^ yere^ of 
the Kynges most noble Reigne to John Halyngburye 
& Thomas Pratte for their costes & expenses atten- 
dyng about the bying of stuff arestyng of Gonnes for 
the Kyng in diuers shipps [vpon] in Themmes to do 
the Kyng seruice in his voiage made to the See & 
for Bote hire lighterage & portage of the same stuff 
on borde shipps within the tyme of this Accompt by 
the space of xij daies either of them at viij^ by day 
for his costes xvi[ij= viij"^] lighterage of the said stuff 
x' viij^ & bote hire viij^ vipj"*] . xxxyTij^ x**] ij*^ 

' Genoa. 2 i^gg^ 



ADMINISTRA TIVE EXPENSES 33 

Parchement paper pens & Enk Wax Nelde ^ 
& thred counters & other necessaries for 
the said office 

Also for paper parchement penne and enk wax 
nelde & threde and other sundrie Necessaries by hym 
bought and Spent in the said office at sundrie tymes 
and seasons in makyng of [sundrie] sundrie Ac- 
comptes viewes declaracions & Rekennynges of 
pursers of shipps indentyng with diuers persons & 
other muniments concernyng the said office at xl' by 
yere that is to saye for ij yeres within the tyme of 

this Accompt iiij'' 

Somme of almaner Costes forene & expences 
Necessarie for and vpon condutyng of the said office 
as afore is expressed ouer and aboue the costes of 
iij^ by day assigned to the said Thomas Roger for 
hym self by his patent . . xliiij" xiij' viij"* ob 

[Ivij" iij' x'^] 
Summa totalis solutionum hujus 

libri ..... Mixxvij" ii^ x* 

Et debet ^ Dcciiijvij viij' v^^ 

Sommes of money wherof the said Johanne 
Roger praieth to be discharged 

The said Johanne prayeth to be discharged at 
the said Receipt of the Kyngs Eschequier of the — 

Somme of xx li parcell of a taille of xP leuied 
upon Combes. 

(The aforesaid Johanne Roger prayth to be 
[allowed] discharged of the somme of xx" sett upon 
her at the said Receipt as parcell of xl" of a Taile 
levied there the iiij'^ day of July in Pasche Terme 

' Needles. 

2 The sum total of the payments of this book M'xxvij" ij= x* 

And he owes . . . . '., . Dcciiijvif viif V 

3 787/. 8j. s^. The form iiij is frequeiiitly used for 80. 

; D 



3,4 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



the first yere ^ of the Kyngs most noble reigne and 
hertofor in this boke she is charged with the same 
fforasmuch as the aforsaid Thomas Roger her hus- 
band ne any of his deputees or seruaunts neuer 
receyued of the said assignement but xx" by [As] 
the hands of Thomas Combes oon of the Custumers 
of Suthampton vpon whom the said Taille was levied 
but that the said xx" as yet restith in the hands of 
the said Thomas Combes wherof she prayth that 
he may be chargeable to answer the Kyng - xx") 

H. Palmer. 

Of xl'' receyued by Henry Palmer towards the 
makyng of the Souueraine. 

Also she prayth to be allowed [of] and discharged 
of the somme of xl" sett upon her said husband as 
money receyued upon the Newe makyng of the 
Kynges Ship cald the Souueraine in Michelmasse 
Terme in the secund yere ^ of the Kyngs said noble 
reigne fforasmuch as Henry Palmer by whose 
handes the same was receyued [hat] ought to be 
charged with the same because he as yet kepith the 
hole Accompt & Rekinnyng of the newe makyng of 
the said Ship And the said Thomas Rogers ne his 
seruaunts were neuer as yet privee ne dealing with the 
same wherfore she prayth that the said Henry may 
answer the Kyng of the same . . . xl" 

Of Dccxxiiij" iij' iiij'' paid vnto Thomas Brandon 
by William Page of the Receipt. 

Also she praith in like wise to be discharged 

XX 

of the somme of Dciiijxiiij" iij^ iiij"* and of the somme 
of xxx" sett upon her said husband at the said 
Receipt fforasmuch as the said ij sommes of money 
neuer come vnto thandes of the said Thomas Roger 
ne of any of his deputees ne seruauntes but by thandes 
of William Page oon of the Tellers of the Kyngs 
1 i486. "^ i486. 



TOTAL EXPENDITURE 35 

said Receipt were paid at Harwich vnto Thomas 
Brandon & his cumpeyny Capitaynes of the Kynges 
[nauy] flete [in the mo] vpon the See in the month 
of [Aprill] May June & July in the secund yere ^ 
of his reign for the Wages & vittaill of sundrie 
marriners & soldiors there reteyned in the Kyngs 
seruice And the parcells thereof to her be not 
knowen ..... Dccxxiiij" iij^ iiij"* 

Somme of the said Sommes of money to be 
discharged as Afore is expressed 

XX 

Dcclxiiij" iii^ iiij"* [Dcciiijiiij" iij^ iiij"^] 

.Somme of all maner paymentes and money to 
be discharged at the said Receipt as afore is ex- 
pressed . ri'dcccxIj*" vj^ ij^ [M'Dccclxix" xj^ xj* ob] 

[And so the same somme excedith the Receipts 
afore expressed .... cj^ viij^ ob] 

Et debet xxiij" v^ j** quos solvet ad receptum 

Scaciarii vt patet per vnam talliam levatam ibidem 
xviij die Martii anno vj'° Regis Henrici vij.^ 

Here ensueth the seuerall Accomptes made by the 
said Johanne Roger of all maner Shipps and vesselles 
Stuff takle and Aparell ordinaunces Artilleries and 
Abilamentes of Werre of the same Bylonging vnto 
oure said most drad Souueraine lord the Kyng As 
well by the said Thomas Roger had & receyued 
within diuers hauens & stremes of this Realme As 
of almaner deliueraunces perusynges & other wise 
demeaninges of the said Shipps vessells Stuff & 
takle ordinaunces artillaries & Abilaments werre by 
all the tyme of this Accompt as herafter doth 
folowe That is to Say 

• 1487. 

^ And he owes xxiij" v° j'' which he shall pay at the receipt of 
the Exchequer as appears by a tally levied there xviij day of 
March the 6* year of King Henry vij. 

D 2 



?>(> 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Receyued the Kings ship cald the 
Grace dieu 

the x"" day of Octobre the firste yere ^ of the most 
noble reigne of said soveraine lord the Kyng in a 
dokke at [besides] Hamill on the hoke^ in the 
Countie of Suthampton with the Stuffe takle and 
aparaill herafter ensuying that is to Say in 



Halfe tyes short .... 
Bowe Sesynges^ .... 
Meson shrowdes .... 
poleis* with Stroppes . 
Hawsers for the botes takle . 
Stroppes ..... 
Double pendaunts 
Single pendaunts .... 
Smalle Warpes .... 
Hawsers * . 
Wyndyng hausers 
Mayne lyftes .... 

Mayne shetes .... 
Mayne takkes .... 
fforshrowdes ..... 
Sheves ^ of brasse [grete] iiij grete & 

xviij small. .... 
Grete sheves of Iren 
Colkes " of brasse of sundre sorts . 



U 
uij 

vij 

nij 

nij 

vj 

viij 

viij 

J 

xij 

U 
ij 
ij 

y 

ix 

xxij 

J 
xxxiiij 



river of the same name, running into 



' 1485. 

* Hamble, on the 
Southampton water. 

' Apparently some gear about the bows or bowsprit. From 
old Fr. saisir, to seize or hold ; M.E., seise or sess. Cf. p. 276. 
■• Pole or polyff, a block or pulley ; plural poleis or polyves. 

* Sheve or Shyver, the sheave of a block. 

^ Cokkes or coakes, the bushes for the pin of a block. 
(^Nomenclator Navalis and Art of making masts, yards, etc., Lond. 
1797.) Here, however, and in sixteenth century papers, the word 
appears to refer to the pin itself. 



THE GRACE DIEU 



Z7 



poley 



poles with sheves of brasse and stroppes 

Mayne shrowdes double 

Brasse pendaunts for the mayne yerdes 

Strekeropes ' feble - 

pendaunts with double poleis 

hokeropes ^ . 

paynters for the Ankers 

Whele Ropes * feble . 

Tyes for the after meson with a 

and ij sheves of brasse 
Cablettes for the mayne stay 
Layners ^ for the truss perell ® 
Boy ^ Ropes feble . 
ffortakkes .... 
Bowlyne poles with ij sheves of brasse 
Cheke * poles with v sheves of brasse 
left ^ poles with iiij sheves of brasse 
left poles with ij sheves of brasse . 
Blokkes for the meson with iij sheves of 

brasse ..... 
Sengle poles with xvij sheves of brasse 
double poles with ij sheves of brasse 
double poles with colkes of brasse . 
Poles of iij sheves and colkes of brasse 
Sengle poles with colks of brasse . 
Henche ^^ poles with tree ^^ . 
Bote and Cokke slyngs 



U 
xvj 

ij 
luj 

ij 
luj 

mj 
J 



■[j]y 
j 

j 
j 

V 

ij 
iJ 



J 
vij 

j 
xl 

xxij 

vij 

vij 



' Ropes connected with the mainsail. ' To the stryks of the 
mainsail eight principal men ' — station list of Henry Grace a Dieu — 
also two ' yeomen of the stryks.' From A.S. strica, a cord or line ; 
see also infra, p. 255. ^ Worn, in bad condition. 

^ ' Used for coiling rope cables in the tiers ' (Martelli, Naval 
Officer's Guide, Lond. 1834) ; here used in connection with the 
' hokes to fish the ankres ' {infra, p. 267). 

* Ropes to hoist the mainsail. See infra, pp. 189, 255. 

® Laniards, or a covering ; Fr. Lanilre. ^ Parrel. 

^ Buoys were single or double, and of cork or wood. 

« Check. 9 Lift. 

'" Low German Henge, a hinge. '' Wood. 



38 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Stroppes of Russewale ^ 




ij 


Stroppes for the tyes otherwise 


cald 




Bees 2 




ij 


Dedemeneyne ^ with Chenes for 


the 




shrowdes 




xl 


Chenes for the Loves * . 




J 


Moryng chenes .... 




ij 


Hokes of Irne for shrowdes . 




XXX 


Dedemeneyne for the Staye . 




V 


Bowhokes with ij sheves of Iren . 




iij 


Catte hokes with tree . 




V 


Shanke hokes .... 




iij 


Pakke hokes * 




hij 


Leche hokes® .... 




Ulj 


Gonnes feble .... 




xxi 


Gonne chambres .... 




iiij ix 


Bowes ...... 




cxl 


1 I am not aware that this word occurs 


in more than one 

_ ^r 1 -J. 



other paper in all the innumerable inventories of naval stores 
still remaining ; in 1336 {Exch. Accts. Q..R. Bdle. 19, No. 31) we 
have ' divers cords of Russhewale with shivers and trusses of which 
to make a rack.' Professor Skeat has suggested that it may be 
walrus, and remarks, 'King Alfred says ropes were made of 
walrus and seal hides. I believe it to be rus-wal, A.S., hros- 
hwcel, a horse-whale.' 

^ A hoop of metal (Smyth, Sailor's Word-Book); a band 
(Halliwell's ZJzVA(?«arj'). ' Dead-eyes. 

* Luifs. 'Luff-tackle, a purchase composed of a single and 
double block .... not destined for any particular place, but to 
be variously used as occasion may require ' (Smyth, Sailor's Word- 
Book) ; also, ' the fullest or roundest part of a ship's bows ' {Ibid.) : 
according to the JVomenclafor JVavalis (1625) the luff extends from 
the chesstrees to the bulkhead of the forecastle. Skeat, {Etymo- 
logical Dictionary, s.v. Luff) shows clearly that the original meaning 
of the word was that of some appliance used to assist the steering 
oar or rudder, but after its utility had ceased its name may have 
been easily transferred to the place where it had been commonly 
used. 

' Possibly connected with pacfi, old Fr. for the courses (Cf. 
Jal, Gloss. Nautique). 

^ For the mainsail. See infra, p. 268. 



THE GRACE DIEU 



39 



Arrowes 



[dccccx] 
[dcccx shefe] 



Dcccx shefs 



Bowestringes 

Spayres 

fforest billes ^ 

Spaynish dartes 

lede malles ^ feble 

olde axes 

Crosse bowes of stele feble 

Crosse bowes of balen ^ feble 

ffyre pannes * . . . 

Boltes of Iren of sundrie sortes 
Crowne of laten ^ gilte . 
Ship belles .... 
Double poles with a stroppe for the 

bote staye .... 
Ketles grete and small . 
pannes of brasse . 
maine perells 
Truss perells 

Double poles with treen ^ sheves 
Sengle poles .... 
Poles with iij sheves 
Sherhokes ^ for the yerde armes 



uij 

xxiiij 

cxl 

xxxvij 

xiiij 

xxj 

viij 
iiij 



"U 



J 



xliij 
viij 

vj 
uij 



' Bill-hooks. ^ Hammers of lead. 

' Whalebone ; but the explanation is queried by Halliwell. As 
cross-bows were more usually made of metal or horn than of wood, 
whalebone might have been used. 

* To make ' fireworks,' inflammable compounds used to set an 
enemy's ship on fire. 

' Laten, Laton, or Latton, a mixed metal resembling brass, 
and according to some authorities, a compound of copper and zinc ; 
there was also a white laten, a mixture of brass and tin (Annals 
of the Founder^ Company, p. 45). In 1492, 5/. loi-. was paid to 
Robt. Duke of Greenwich for new gilding ' a corona of laten which 
shalbe sett upon our shippe called the Regent ' (Exch. Warr, 7 
Feb.). It may have been placed on the beakhead or a mast- 
head, but usually the latter. * Wooden. 

^ Sickle-shaped hooks intended to destroy an enemy's rigging, 



40 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Sherhokes for the stay . 

Ankres 

Cables ...... 

Mayne Meson mastes . 
Bowesprittes .... 

Toppes ..... 

Pitche ketle ..... 

Brasse potte ..... 

Shovilles shodde .... 

Scopettes^ ..... 

Ship botes ..... 

ores ...... 

Sculles ...... 

Bote hokes ..... 

Daviott for the bote with a shefe of 
brasse ..... 

Sheve of Iren in the Bote halse 
Slegges^ of Iren .... 

Shaffe hokes ^ . . . . 

Gittons ^ of Say .... 

Standardes of Say 
Toppe Armynges of Say 
Stremers of Say .... 

Pendauntes of Say for the Crane lyne ^ 
[Peces for the] Hanging of saye . 
Mayne sailes .... 

Bonettes ^ for the same 



U 

vj 

vj 

J 

J 

j 

j 
xxiiij 

xij 
j 

XV 

y 

j 
j 

ij 

xviij 

V 

vij 

"j 

"j .... 
xxiiij 

yj peces 
j 



1 Perhaps the same as scuppit (Halliwell), a kind of spade. 
^ Sledges. * Hooks with handles or shafts. 

* Small flags (Old Fr. Guiedon). 

* The crane line went from the sprit mast to the fore stay to 
steady the former. 

^ A studding sail, which was laced on to the foot of the fore, 
main, and mizen sails. From Old French, Bonet. Ralegh 
(Invention of Ships) says, that among recent improvements, within 
his time, 'we have lately added the bonnet and the drabler.' 
When he wrote that sentence the bonnet had been in constant use 
in English ships for at least ,450 years, and some of his other 
statements are either unintelligible or equally incorrect. The 



THE GRACE DIEU 



41 



meson sailes . 

fforsailes 

Bonettes for the same 

Spritt sailes feble . 

Bonetts for the same 

Toppe sailes 

pumps . 

Also bought as apereth in the keping of the same 



ship 



Shovills shodde 



iij dd 



Somme of almaner Stuffe takle and Apparaill 
ordinaunces Artillaries & Abilamentes of Werre 
bilonging to the Kynges said Ship the aforesaid 
xxviij* day of Septembre the fifirste ^ of the reigne 
of oure said Souerayne lord as appears 

Wherof deliuered out of the said Ship cald the 
Grace Dieu within the tyme of this Acompt — 

To s' John Turbervile knight by vertu of a 
warraunt vnder the Kynges signett beyring day ''^ the 
first day of August the first yere ^ of the Kynges 
reigne by Indenture 

Mayne meson sailes . . . j 

Toppe sailes ... . . j 

Sengle pendauntes . . -iij 

fforshrowdes . . . . . ij 

hausers long and short . . . xij 

hausers for the Botes takle . . iij 

Halfe tyes . . . . . ij 

Mayne shrowdes . . . . j 

Colkes of brasse . . . • vj 
ex^ per indentura * 

drabler laced on to the foot of the bonnet ; the word drabler is 
not found in use until the i6th century, but the simultaneous 
employment of two bonnets was very old. 

' 1485. 2 Sic. ' i486. 

^ In agreement with the warrant aforesaid. 



42 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Also to Thomas Brandon [the] late Admirall in 
the Kyngs Arme the xxviij* day of Aprill the secund 
yere^ of the reigne of our Souueraine lord Kyng 
Henry the vij for the defence of a Ship cald the 
Marie Guldeford within the tyme of this Accompt 



ffbrest billes 
Arrowes 



c 

D shefe 



Also deliuered to Matthew Baker Esquier for the 
Kynges body by vertu of the Kynges letters vnder 
his Signet bey ring date the xxv"" day of ffebruarie 
the first yere ^ of his most noble Reigne to the said 
Thomas Roger directed within the tyme of this 
Accompt 

Bowes ...... c 

Arrowes ex shefe 

fforest Billes . . . . . xl 

[A hoole barrellgGounepowdre . i Barrill] 
ex^ per indentura 

Also into the Kinges Ship cald the Marie of the 
Toure within the time Aforesaid 



After meson sailes 

fforsailes . 

Bonettes for the same 

Gonnes 

Gonne Chaumbres 

pendauntes 

Boyes of Corke . 

Bowes 

Arrowes 

Bowstrynges 

Pump 

Top Arming of Say 

' 1487. 



J 

J 

J 
x 

XXX 
V 

iij 
xl 

cc shefes 

XX 

iiij 

j 
j 



i486. 



THE GRACE DIEU 

Stremer of Say .... 
respondet in the Marie Toure 



43 



J 



Somme of all the said Stufife takle Apparaill 
ordinaunces artillaries and Abilamentes deliuered out 
of the said Ship in maner & forme aforesaid 

Mayne meson sailes 

Toppe sailes . 

Sengle pendauntes 

fforshrowdes . . 

Hausers long and short , 

Hausers for the botes takle 

Halfe tyes 

mayne Shrowdes . 

Colkes of Brasse . 

fforest billes . 

Arrowes . [dccccx 

Bowes . 

After meson sailes 

fforsaills 

Bonett for the same 

Gonnes 

Gonne Chaumbres 

Pendauntes . 

Boyes of Corke 

XX 

Bowestrynges .... iiij 

pumpe ...... j 

Toppe arming of Say . . . j 

Stremer of Say . . . . j 

And so Remaneth in the said Ship cald the 
Gracedieu At Hamuli on the hoke in the Cuntie 
of Suthampton with the Stuff takle & Apparaill 
ordinaunces artillaries & Abilamentes of Werre her- 
after ensuying That is to Say 

Bow Sesynges ...... iiij 

Meson shrowdes . . . . • vij 



■ J 

■ j 

• "j 

• ij 

• xij 

• "j 

• U 

• j 

• vj 
. [cc] cxl 

shefe] Dcccx shefs 
. cxl 

• j 

• j 

• j 

X 

. XXX 

V 

■ iij 



44 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



poles with Stroppes . 

hausers for the botes takle 

Stroppes . 

Double pendauntes 

Sengle pendauntes 

Small Warpes . 

Wyndyng Hawsers 

Mayne Lyftes . 

Mayne shetes . 

Mayne takkes . 

fforshrowdes 

Sheves of Brasse iiij grete & xviij small 

Grete sheves of Iren 

Colkes of brasse grete & small . 

Poles with sheves of brasse and Stroppes 

Mayne shrowdes double . 

Brasse pendauntes for the Mayne yarde 

Strekeropes feble .... 

pendauntes with double poles . 

hokeropes ..... 

paynters ^ for the ankres . 

wheleropes feble .... 

Tyes for the after Meson with a poley and 

ij Sheves of Brasse 
Cablettes for the Mayne staye . 
layners for the truss perell 
Boyropes feble .... 

ffor takkes ..... 
Bowlyne poleys with ij sheves of Brass 
Cheke poleys with v sheves of Brasse 
left poleis with iiij sheves of Brasse . 
left poleis with ij sheves of Brasse . 
Blokkes for the meson with iij sheves of 

brasse ...... 

Sengle poleis with xvij sheves of brasse 
Double poleis with ij sheves of Brasse 

' Old Fr. pantiere, a noose ; M.E. panter. 



nij 
J 

viij 
v 

J 

y 
ij 
Ij 
y 

Vlj 

xxij 

j 
xxviij 

XV 

ij 

y 

mj 

"y 
j 

j 

y 

j 

y 

j 

j 

V 

ij 

y 



VIJ 



THE GRACE DIEU 



45 



Double poleis with Colkes of Brasse 

Poleis with iij sheves & colkes of brasse 

Sengle poleis with Colkes of brasse 

henche poleis with tree 

Bote slyngs .... 

Stroppes of Rusewale 

Stroppes for the tyes otherwise cald Bees , 

Grapenelles of Iren with chenes 

Dedemeneyne with cheynes for the 

Shrowdes 
Chenes for the loves 
Moryng chenes 
Hokes of Iren for shrowdes 
Dedemeneyne for the stay 
Bow hokes with ij sheves of Iren 
Catte hokes with treen ' sheves 
Shanke hokes . 
pakke hokes 
leche hokes 
Gonnes . 
Gonne chaumbres 
Spayres . 
Spaynish dartes 
leede malles feble 
Axes feble 

Crosse bowes of Stele 
Crosse bowes of balen 
ffyre pannes 

Bolts of Iren of sundrie sorts 

Crownes of laten & gilte . 

Ship belles 

Double poley with a Strop for the botes 

stay 
Ketles 
Pannes of brasse 



xl 

xxij 

vij 

vij 

iJ 
U 
ij 

xl 
J 

y 

XXX 
V 

iij 

V 

iij 
uij 

mj 
xij 

lix 

xxiiij 

xxxviij 

xiiij 

xxj 

"!J. 
viij 

J 

XX 

iiij 

j 
j 

j 

nij 
j 



Wooden. 



46 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Mayne perells . 

Trusse perells . 

Double poleis with treen shives 

Sengle poleis . 

Poleis with iij shives 

Sherhokes for the yerde Armes 

Sherhokes for the Stay 

Ankres 

Bote ankres 

Cables 

Mayne Meson Mastes 

Bowspritte 

Ship toppes 

[Ship ket] pitch ketles 

Brasse potte 

Shodde Shovilles 

Scopettes . 

Crete botes feble 

ores 

Sculles 

Bote hokes 

Daviottes for the bote with 

brasse . 
Shefe of brasse in the bootes halse ^ 
Slegges of Iren 
Shave hokes ^ . 
Gyttons of say . 
Standardes of say 
Toppe Armynges of Say 
Stremers of Say 

Pendaunts of Say for the Crane lyne 
[Hangs] Hangings of say to hang aboute 

the Ship .... oon of vj peces 

Mayne saile . . . . . . j 

Bonettes for the same . . . -iij 

' In the bow, the original meaning of hawse. 
* Or ' shaffe ' hooks ; supra, p. 40. 



sheves of 



J 

xliij 
viij 

vj 
[vj] nij 

.ij 

yj 

[iiij] vj 

J 

J 

"j 

j 

j 
[xxiiij] V dd 

xij 
j 

XV 

ij 
ij 



J 
j 

'j ... 
xviij 

V 

vij 

U 

U. 
xix 



THE MARY OF THE TOWER 47 

■ J 



Spritte sailes feble . 
bonettes for the same 
pump 
Meson saile 



J 



Of which Ship with all the aforesaid Stuff takle 
and Aparaill ordinaunces artillaries & Abilaments of 
werre with the same remayning the said Johanne 
prayeth to be discharged forasmuch as the same was 
deliuered in her said husbandes daies to S' Raynold 
Bray Knyght by the Kyngs high Comaundment by 
him to be broken spent and emploid for and upon 
the makyng of his Ship cald the Souueraine within 
the tyme of this Accompte 

And it balances. 



The Marie of the Toure 

The Kyngs Ship cald the Marie of the Toure 
receyued at Hamuli on the Hoke in the Countie 
of Suthampton the xj* day of October the first 
yere ^ of the reigne of our said souueraine lord that 
nowe is with all the Stuff Takle and aparaill herafter 
ensuying. 



mayne mastes . 


• J 


mayne Shrowdes 


. xxxij 


Dedemeneyne with chenes 


. xxxij 


Swyftyng takles 


• xj 


poUankres^ 


• vj 


Maynestaies 


• j 


Maynetyes 

h85- 


•,i_ _!_■ r 



2 Or polancre, a sort of block, ' poleancres with shivers of wood 
poleancres with shivers of brasse ' (Stores of Henry Grace a Dieu, 
1514). Derived from French, palanc, a combination of two 
puUies, or the cord of a pulley ; sXso palanquer, to hoist or haul. 



48 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Wheleropes olde and newe 

Mayne trusses . 

Mayne drynges ^ 

Mayne takkes 

Mayne shetes 

Mayne lyfts 

Mayne perells 

Bryles ^ 

Brasses ^ . 

Stodynges * 

Mayne yerdes 

Mayne sailes 

Bonetts for the same 

Mayne Bowlynes 

Toppe mastes . 

Toppe shrowdes 

Toppe yerdes . 

Toppe lyftes 

Toppe shetes . 

Toppe sailes 

Mayne toppes . 

Toppe Armynges 

Stremers . 

Standards . 

Crane lynes 

ffor mastes 

fifor shrowdes 

ffor staies . 



U 

U 

iJ 

U 

[J] 

J 

ij 

U 

iJ 

ij 

j 

"j 

j 

j 

U 

j 

j 

j 

j 

V 

j 
j 

j 



' According to Jal {Gloss. NauHque) a truss-parrel, from the 
Old Fr. Drenc, Norwegian JDreng ; but it will have been noticed 
that truss-parrels are frequently mentioned in the foregoing lists, 
and the word is as old as the fourteenth century. They were 
connected with the main-sail, and four-inch hawsers were used in 
making them. See infra, pp. 199, 206. 

^ Brails. ' Braces. 

'' Some sort of rope gear. In older papers it is always written 
stetynges and usually occurs with bowlines ; probably derived 
from the A.S. studu, and used in some aiding or supporting 
capacity. 



THE MARY OF THE TOWER 49 



ffor tyes . 
ffor perells 
ffor yfts . 
ffor bowlynes . 
ffor shetes . 






ffor takkes 






Yerd Ropes 
ffor yerdes 
ffor sailes . 






Bonetts for the same 






Bowsprittes 

Spritte yerds 

Spritte sailes 

Daviottes ^ in the ffore castell . 




Hokes to fish the Ankre with . 




Hoke Ropes 
leche hokes 






Catte hokes 




ij 


Capstens . 
Capsten barres . 
Meson mastes . 




[iiij] iij 
ij 


Meson shrowdes 




. xiiij 


Meson yerdes . 
Meson tyes 
Meson lyftes 




■ ij 
iJ 


Meson halyers . 
Meson shetes . 




• U 


Meson sailes 




• ij 


Meson perell 
Ankres 




• ij 


Cables 




■ vj 


Cablettes . 




• ij 


Hausers grete and small . 


■ iij 


Jonkes ^ . 


. 


. iiij 



' The davit, now the fish-davit, was a beam of wood fitted with 
blocks and used to hoist the fluke of the anchor ; it was movable, 
and only placed in position when required. * Pieces of Cordage. 

E 



50 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Boyropes . 

Boyes of Corke. 

Dobles of tre ^ . 

Gonnes 

Gonne chaumbres 

Hakebusses ^ 

Gonne poudre . 

Gonne hamers . 

Bowes 

Arrowes . 

Chestes for the same 

Bowstryngs 

Spayres 

Malles of leede . 

Billes 

Grapers^ of Iren 

ffyre pannes 

Botes 

Sheves of Iren in the bote Hede 

ores . 

Bote hokes 

Wast trees* 

Sherhoks . 

Snache poleis . 

Compasses 

' Double buoys of wood. 

' Harquebuses ; but hakebuss is really a more correct form 
than the usual harquebus (Skeat, Etymological Dictionary). 

3 Grapnels. 

■• Rough timbers along the poop and forecastle in place of bul- 
warks. In the xviiith century they were iron stanchions and rails, 
but are not likely to have been so here. Apparently ships of this 
period were sometimes sent to sea without any bulwarks or rails. 
On 5 May, 1513, Sir E. Echyngham (Germyne, 100 tons) writes to 
Wolsey that, in clearing for action against three French ships ' be- 
cause I had no rails upon my deck I coiled a cable round about 
the deck breast high and likewise in the waist and so hanged 
upon the cable mattresses, dagswayns,* and such bedding as I 
had within board.' {Cott. MSS. Calig. D vi. 107). 
* Bed and table covers. 



"J 
J 

xlviij 

ex 

xij 

y 

cxvj 
cc shefe 
vij 
ccc 
cviij 
xxxvj 
xlviij 

ij 

J 

J 

j 
xxiiij 

j 
U 
vj 
U 



THE MARY OF THE TOWER 51 



Rennyng glasses ^ 

leede lynes 

Soundyng leeds 

Strekeropes 

Ketles 

pitch Ketles 

pottes of Brasse 

ffrying pannes 

Potte hokes 

Ketle hokes 

Grydirnes . 

fflesh hokes 

Trayes 

Plates of tree ^ 

Drynkyng holies of tree 

Tankerdes 

Moldyng trowghes ^ 

lanteres * . 

Mete tables 

outliggers ^ 

Bitakles^ . 

Pumps 

Slegges of Iren . 

Merlyng Irenes. 

Spyttes of Iron 

Canne hokes 

pavesses ^ 

* Sand-glasses, for use with the log line. 

' For leaden shots or ' pellettes.' Shot picked up on Bosworth 
field are found to have been cast in a hinged mould. 

■* Lanterns. 

^ A pie?e of timber 2 or 3 yards long standing out from the 
poop, ' to hale down the missen sheet' (Nbmenclator Navalis, 1625). 

^ Binnacles. 

' Wooden shields ornamented with devices or coats of arms 
placed along the waist and sometimes on the forecastle and poop. 
They were survivals of real shields fixed, in earlier days, along 
the bulwarks until fighting commenced, when they were used by 
the knights and men at arms. The waist-cloth succeeded the 
pavesses. 



J 
J 
J 

[J] ij 

[ijjj 

j 

j 

j 

U 

j 

j 

V 

iij dd 

XX 

viij 
j 

X 

iy 

j 

j 

y 

"j 

nij 

j 
y 

cxxx 
2 Wood. 



E 2 



52 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Also bought within the tyme aforesaid as in the 
taile ^ of Emptions of this boke doth apiere 

Cables .... 

Caggering cables 

Hausers .... 

Takkes .... 

Shetes .... 

Ropes of Sundrie sorts made of the 

Kyngs olde stuff . 
Saile twyne 

Canuas .... 
Anker .... 
ScuUes .... 
Gonnepoudre in iij barrelles 
Mayne Meson Mastes 
Cokkes .... 
Toppe Armyngs of Say 
Shodde Shovilles 
Pitch Ketle 



J 

J 

j pair 

jpair 

m'ccc lb 
vj skaynes 
iii boltes 
i 

Dcciij lb 

j 

j 

j 

iiij dd 



Takle and aparaill made of the Kynges owne stuff 

Swyftyng takles 
poUankres 
Mayne trusses 
Mayne leftes 
Mayne Drynges 
Brayles 
Stodynges 
Bowlynes . 
Cranelynes 
fforshrowdes 
ffor bowlynes 
ffor ties 
ffor shetes 
Meson shrowdes 



vnj 
vj 

y 
u 
y 
ij 
ij 
ij 

vj 

y 

j 

y 

xij 



Number or account. 



THE MARY OF THE TOWER 



53 



Meson tyes 
Meson halyers 






Receyued out of the Kynges ship late cald the 
Grace Dieu 



After meson sailes 

ffor sailes . 

Bonettes for the same 

Gonnes 

Gonne chaumbres 

pendauntes 

Boyes of Corke 

Bowes 

Arrowes . 

Bowstringes 

pumps 

Toppe arminges of saye 

Stremer of Saye 



J 
J 
J 

X 

XXX 

V 

iij 
xl 

cc shef 

js. 

uij 

j 
j 
j 



Somme of almaner stuff takle and aparail 
apperteyning to the Kynges ship cald the Marie 
Tour within the tyme of this Accompt that is to say 



mayne mastes . 
mayne Shrowdes 
Dedemeneyne with chenes 
Swyftyng takles . 
PoUankres . 
Maynestayes 
Mayne tyes 
Wheleropes 
Mayne trusses . 
Mayne drynges . 
Mayne takkes . 
Mayne shetes . 
Maine lyftes 
Mayne perelles . 



J 
xxxij 

xxxij 

xix 

xij 

i 

iiij 

U 
nij 

ij pair 

iiij 

nij 

j 



54 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 


Brayles 
Brasses 








Stodynges . 
Mayne bowlynes 
Mayne yerds 
Mayne sailes 
Bonetts for the same 






. iiij 

• J 

• J 


Toppe mastes . 
Toppe shrowdes 
Toppe yerdes . 
Toppe lyftes 
Toppe shetes 
Toppe sailles 
Toppe Armyng . 
Stremer 








i 
vj 

j 

y 

Dlij 

:ij]j 


Standardes 








^i]x 


Mayne Toppe . 
Pendauntes 






j 

V 


Crane lynes 






j 


fformastes . , 






j 


fforshrowdes 






xij 


ffor stales . 






j 


ffor ties 






ij 


ffor perelles 
fifor yftes . 
fifor bowlynes 
fifor shetes . 






j 

inj 


fifor takkes . 






ij 


Yerd Ropes 
fifor Yerdes 






ij 
j 


fifor sailes . 






j 


Bonettes for the same 






j 


Bowsprittes 
Spritte sailes 
Spritte yerdes . 
Daviotts on the fiforcas 


;tell .' 




j 
j 
j 
j 


Hokes to fiish the Ank 


res w 


ith . 




'j 



THE MARY OF THE TOWER 55 



Hoke ropes 






U 


leche hokes 






j 


Catte hokes 






ij 


Capstens . 






iij 


Capsten barres . 






xj 


Meson mastes . 






iij 


Meson shrowdes 






xxvj 


Meson yerdes . 






ij 


Meson tyes 






ij 


Meson lyftes 






iiij 


[Meson halyers . 






ij] 


Meson haliers . 






inj 


Meson shetes 






ij 


Meson sailes 






ij 


Meson perells . 






ij 


Ankres 






viij 


Cables 






xiij 


Cablettes . 






ij 


hausers Grete & smal 






iij 


olde Jonkes 






iiij 


Boy ropes . 






iij 


Boyes of Corke . 






lUJ 


Doubles of tre . 






iij 


Gonnes 






Iviij 


Gonne chaumbres 






cxl 


Hakebusses 






xij 


Gounepoudre 






iiij barells 


Gonne hamurs . 






iij 


Bowes 






clvj 


Arrowes . 






cccc Shefe 


Chests for the same 






vij 


Bowestryngs 






ccciiij 


Speres 






cviij 


Shoveles . 






iiij dd 


Malles of lede . 






xxxvj 


Billes 






xlviii 


Grapers of Iren . 






• ij 



56 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 


ffyre pannes 


• 


Ship Botes 




Cokkes .... 




Sheves of Iren in the bote hede 




Ores 


xxiiij 


Botehokes .... 


j 


Wast trees 


ij 


Sculles .... 


ij 


Sherhokes .... 


vj 


Snach Poles 


ij 


Compasses 


iij 


Rennyng Glasses 


j 


leede lynes 


j 


Soundyng leedes 


ij 


Strekeropes 


j 


ketles .... 


ij 


pitche Ketles .... 




Brasse pottes .... 


j 


fifrying pannes . 


j 


potte hokes 


j 


Ketell hokes 


ij 


Gridirnes .... 


J 

j 


fflesh hokes 


j 


Trayes ..... 


V 


platers of tree .... 


iij dd 


drinkyng holies of tre 


XX 


Tankards .... 


viij 


Moldyng trowes 


J 


lantries ^ . 


X 


Mete Tables .... 


iij 


outliggers 


j 


Bitakles .... 


j 


pumps .... 


iij 


Slegges of Iren . 


iij 


Merlyng Irens^ . 


iiij 


• Lanterns. ' Marlioe-s 


likes. 



THE MARY OF THE TOWER 



S7 



Spittes of Iren . 

Canhokes . 

pavesses . 

Ropes of sundrie sorts 

Saile twyne 

Canuas 



J 

j paire 

cxxx 

m'm'ccc lb 

vj skaynes 

iij boltes 



The said Thomas Roger hath spent emploid & 
deliuered out of the said Ship within the tyme afore- 
said That is to Say 

Stuff emploide & spent in making of takle 

The said Thomas hath emploid and spent in 
makyng of viij Swyftyng takells vj pollankres ij 
mayne Trusses ij mayne drynges ij mayne lyftes 
ij brayles ij stodinges ij Bowe lynes j cranelyne 
vj foreshrowdes j fortye ij forbowlynes ij forshetes 
xij Meson shrowdes ij Meson tyes and ij meson 
haliers And also in the amendyng of diuers sailles 
belong to the said Ship within the time of this 
Acompt 

Hausers . . . . . j 

Ropes of sundrie sortes . . M'lvi'ccclb 

Saile twyne . . . • vj skaynes 

Canuas . . . . -iij bolts 

Spent & perused ' in a voiage into Lumbardye 

Also the said ship was letten on marchaundise 
into the parties of Lumbardye to S' William Capell 
of London marchaunt and other marchauntes of the 
same Citie by Indenture between Averey Corne- 
borowe Esquier late vndertresorer of England and 
the said marchauntes In which voiage was Spent 
perused broken & lost the Stuff takle Aparaill 

' Used up. 



58 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



ordinaunces artilleries and Abilaments of werre her- 
after ensuyng within the tyme of this Accompt 



Swyftyng takles 
Pollankres 
Mayne Tyes 
Wheleropes 
Mayne trusses 
Mayne Drynges 
Mayne takkes 
Mayne shetes 
Mayne lyftes 
Brayles 
Stodynges 
Mayne Bowlynes 
Top Armynges . 



vnj 

y 

J 

U 

ij 

y 
u 
ij 
ij 
y 
y 
j 



Also spent by the said S' William Capell & 
other marchaunts into the said parties of Lumbardye 
perused broken & lost from the last day of ffebruarie 
the first yere^ of the Kyngs said reigne vnto the 
XXX* day of July the ij**^ yere of the Kynges said 
reigne by oon hole yere xxj wekes & v dales within 
the tyme of this Accompt 



Crane lynes 
ffor Shrowdes . 








j 


ffor tyes . 
ffor bowlynes . 
ffor shetes 








j 

y 

ij 


Meson Mastes . 








j 


Meson Shrowdes 








xij 


Meson tyes 
Meson Halyers 
Ankres 
Cables 








I 

vij 


Boye ropes 








• j 



' i486. 



1487. 



THE MARY OF THE TOWER 



59 



Boyes of Corke . 

Dobles of tre 

Gonnes 

Gonne Chaumbres 

Gonne poudre 

Gonne hamers 

Bowes 

Arrowes 

Chestes for the same . 

Bowstrynges 

Spayres 

Malles of leede . 

Billes .... 

ores .... 

ScuUes 

Cum passes . 

Soundyng leedes. 

Trayes of tree 

Platers of tree 

Drynkyng boUes of tre 

Tankards . 

Showylls^ . 

lanternes 

Slegges of Iren . 

Marlyng Irens 

pavesses 

Toppe Armynges of Saye 

Stremers of Say . 

Mayne mastes 

Mayne shrowdes. 

Dedemeneyne with Chenes 

Swyftyng takles . 

poUankres feble . 

Mayne stayes 

Mayne tyes 

Mayne trusses 

' Shovels. 



nij 
J 

V 

iij barrelles 

J 
Ixxvj 

cl shefe 

iij 
cclx 

viij 
vj 

XXV 
X 

j 

ij 

j 

V 

ij dd. 

xiiij 

!iy 

iij dd 
viij 

j 

U 
1 

j 

j. 
xxxij 

xxxij 
xj 

vj 

j 

y 
ij 



6o 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Wheleropes . . . . . ij 
Mayne dryng . . . . ij 
Somme of Almaner Stuff takle and Aparell 
ordinaunces artilleries & Abilaments of werre 
perused and spent within the tyme Aforesaid as 
appears 

Yet deliuered out of the Kynges said Ship cald 
the Marie tour within the tyme of this Accompt 
that is to say 

Into the Kynges storehowse at Grenewich 



jollankres feble 


• '^^J 


Mayne Shrowdes . 


xxxij 


Mayne Tyes . 


■ ij 


Mayne Trusses 


• U 


Mayne Drynges 


• U 


Mayne Shetes feble 


• j 


Maine takkes 


. j payre 


Maine lyftes . 


• ij 


Brailes feble . 


• ij 


Brasses feble. 


• ij 


Stodynges 


• ij 


Mayne Bowlynes feble . 


• y 


Mayne sailes feble. 


• j 


Bonettes for the same . 


■ iy 


Mayne toppes 


• j 


ffor Sailes 


. j 


Bonettes for the same . 


. j _ 


Meson shrowdes . 


. xiiii 


Gonnes .... 


. . Iv 


Gonne chaumbres . 


[cxlviij] cxxxv 


Gonne poudre 


. j barrell 


Bowes [Arrowes] . 


. iiijx 


Arrowes 


. ccl shefes 


Chests for the same 


. iiij 


Spayres 


c 



THE MARY OF THE TOWER 6i 



Malles of leede 
Billes . 
Streke ropes 
Ketles . 
Maite tables 

pavesses 



XXX 

xxiij 
J 

y 

J 

XX 

iiij 



Accounted for in the Storehouse 

Yet deliuered out of the said Ship within the 
tyme of this Accompt 

To the Kynges Ship called the Souuerayne by 
thandes of Henry Palmer 

Bote .... 
Sculles .... 
ores .... 
Daviott of the Bote with a shive 

of iren 
Wyndasse 

Grapers .... 
Botehokes 
Lanternes 

Compas .... 
Rennyng Glasses . 
Shovilles 
Scopes .... 

Bowes [j] iij 

Arrowes ...... vj shefes 

Cabilles for the Boyropes 
Ankre .... 



J 

j... 
viij 

j 
j 
j 
j 
j 
j 
j 
j 
j 



Somme of aimer Stuff takle & Aparaill ordi- 
naunces artillaries & Abilaments of (werre) spent 
perused & deliuered out of the said Ship within the 
tyme Aforesaid 

Hausers . . . . . j 
Ropes of sundrie sortes . . m'm'ccc lb 
Saile Twyne . . . • vj skaynes 
• Meat, i.e. dining tables. 



62 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Canuas 

Swiftyng takles 
pollankres 
mayne tyes . 
Wheleropes . 
Mayne trusses 
Mayne drynges 
Mayne takkes 
Mayne Shetes 
Mayne Lyftes 
Brayles 
Stodynges . 
Mayne Bowlynes 
Toppe Armynges 
Crane lynes . 
ffore Shrowdes 
ffore tyes 
ffore bowlynes 
ffore shetes . 
Meson Mastes 
Meson Shrowdes 
Meson tyes . 
Meson halyers 
Ankres 
Cables . 
Boy ropes . 
Boyes of cork 
Dobles of tre 
Gonnes 

Gonne chaumbres 
Gonne poudre 
Gonne hamurs 
Bowes . 
Arrowes 
Chestes 
Bowestrynges 
Spayres 



ccccv 



shefs] 



iij bolts 
viij 

xij 
inj 

nij 
ij payr 

"J 
mj 

nij 

nij 

"U 

J 

J 

j 

y 

j 
xxvj 

ij 

U 

j 
vij 

j 
nij 

j 
Iviij 

[cliij] cxl 

iiij barrells 

j 
[clxvj] clxix 

ccccvj shefes 

vij 

cclx 

cviij 



THE MARY OF THE TOWER 63 



Malles of leede 

Billes . 

ores 

ScuUes . 

Compasses . 

Runyng glasses 

Trayes 

Soundyng ledes 

plates . 

drynkyng bolles 

Tankerds 

lanternes 

Slegges of Iren 

Marlyng Irens 

pavesses 
[Stremer of Say 

Mayne Shrowdes 

Brasses feble 

Mayne sailes 

Bonettes for the 

Mayne toppes 

fforsailes 

Bonettes for the 

Strekeropes 

Ketles . 

Maite tables 
[Pavesses 

Bote . 
[Senile] Daviott of the 
shive of Iren 

Wyndasse 

Grapers 

Bote hokes 
[lanternes 

Shovills 

Scopis , 



same 



same 



bote 



with 



xxxvj 
[xxiij] xlviij 
xviij 

>] ij 
J 

V 

J 
ijdd 

xiiij 

iiij 

ix 

j 

U 
cxxx 

j] 

xxxij 

j 

"j 

j 

j 

j 

j 

U 

\ 

j 

j 

j 

j 

j 

j] 

nj dd j 



64 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



And so the said Ship Remayneth at Erith in a 
dokk upon thend of this Accompt with the Stuff takle 
and Aparaill herafter ensuyng that is to say 



Mayne mastes . 

Dedemeneyne with chene 

Swyftyng takles 

Mayne Stays 

Maine perelles 

Mayne yerdes 

Toppe mastes 

Toppe Shrowdes 

Toppe yerdes 

Toppe Lyftes 

Toppe shetes 

Toppe saile 

Toppe Armyng 

Stremers . 

Standards . 

[Maine toppe 

pendauntes 

fformastes . 

ffor Shrowdes 

ffore staies 

ffor tyes . 

ffor perelles 

ffore lyftes 

ffor bowlyne 

ffor shetes 

ffor takkes 

ffor yerdes 

yerd ropes 

[ffore sailes 

[Bonetts for the same 

Bowsprittes 

Spritt Sailes 

Spritt yerdes 

Daviotts in the fforecastell 



J 
xxxij 

xj 

J 

J 

J 

j 

j 

U 

U 

j 

j 

j 

X 

j] 

V 

j 

j 
j 

ij feble 

[iiij] y 

U 

U 

j 

i 



THE MARY OF THE TOWER 65 



Hokes to fish the Ankres 

Hoke ropes 

leeche hokes 

Catt hokes 

Capstens . 

Capsten barres 

Meson Mastes 

Meson yerds 

Meson lyftes 

Meson haUers 

Meson shetes feble 

Meson sailes 

Meson perells 

Ankres 

Cables 

Cablettes . 

Jonkes 

Boy ropes 

Dobles of tre 

Hakebusses 

Gonne hamurs 

Bowstrynges 

Grapers of Iren 

[Grapers of Iren 

ffyr pannes 

Cokkes feble 

Mast for the same 

Bote hokes 

Wast trees 

Sherhoks . 

Snacche poleis . 

Compasses 

leede lynes 

Soundyng leedes 

Ketles 

pitch Ketles 

Brasse pottes . 



U 

J 
U 
"J 
xj 

y 
y 

iiij 

y 
y 
y 

y 

[vuj] vj 

j 

nij 

y 
y 

Xlj 

y 

cxx 

j 

j 
j 
j 

[i] ij 

y 

j 

j 

y 

y 

y 

j 

F 



66 



NA VAL A ceo UN TS 



frying pannes . 
pott hokes 
Ketle hokes 








Gridirnes . 








fflesh hokes 








plate of Tre 






jdd 


Drynkyng boUes of tre 
Tankards . 






mj 


Moldyng trowes 
Lanternes . 






j 


Mete tables 






"J 


outliggers 
Bitakles . 






j 
j 


pumps 

Slegges of Irne 
Marling Iren 
Spittes of Iren . 






"j 
U 

j 


Canhokes . 






j payr 


ores 
Shouels . 






vj 

xi 



Of which [stuff] Ship with all the said Stuff Takle 
and aparaill [the said J oh] belonging to the same 
vpon the end of this Accompt the said Johanne 
prayeth to be discharged forasmuch as she hath 
delivered the same to William ComersaJl clerk of 
the Kynges Shipps vnto and for the Kynges most 
noble vse by vertue of a letter missiue Vnder the 
Kynges signett to the said Johanne directed in that 
behalf And wherof the said William Comersall 
restith accomptable to the Kyng 

Et equalet And it balances 



THE MARTIN GARS I A 



67 



The Kynges Ship cald the Martyn Garsia 
by the said Thomas Roger receyued in a 
dokke at Wynchelsee The xx*^ day of 
Decembre the firste yere^ of the Kynges 
most noble Reigne with the Stuff takle and 
Apparaill ordinaunces artilleries & Abila- 
mentes of werre herafter ensuying That is 
to say 

Mayne mastes . 

Dedemeneyne with chenes 

Maine Shrowdes 



Swyftyng takles 
pollankres . 
Maine Stayes 
Mayne tyes 
Mayne lyfts 
Mayne brases 
Mayne drynges 
Mayne yerds 
Mayne perills 
Mayne shetes 
Maine Takkes 
Mayne sailles 
Bonetts for the same 
Maine Toppes 
Toppe Mastes 
Toppe Shrowdes 
Top sailes. 
fiformastes . 
fFor Shrowdes 
ffor staies . 
ffor Takkes 
ffor tyes . 
ffor haliers 
ffor shetes . 



J 
xxvj 

xxvj 

vj 
nij 

J 

ij 
U 

y 

J 
J 
ij 

j 

j 
j 

j 

j... 
viij 

j 

j 
j 



' 1485. 



F 2 



68 



NAVAL A ceo UNTS 



ffor lyftes .... 

ffor bowlynes . 

ffor Sailes .... 

Bonetts for the same . 

ffor perells. 

Bowsprittes 

Spritte sailes 

Bonetts for the same . 

Spritte yerdes . 

Tyes for the same 

Meson mastes . 

Meson Shrowdes 

Meson perelles . 

Meson yerdes 

Meson tyes 

Meson haliers 

Meson Sailes 

Meson shetes . 

Meson lyftes 

Hokes to paynte ^ thankers with 

Hokg ropes 

Garnetts .... 

yerd ropes for the top 

Boy ropes .... 

leede lynes 

dobles of tree . 

ffisshing hokes for the Ankres 

Ankres .... 

Cables .... 

pumps .... 

Grapers of Iren. 

ffyre pannes 

Botes .... 

Seniles .... 

Cokkes .... 

Cokke mastes . 

' To make fast, supra, p. 44 



U 

y 

u 

j 

j 

j 

y 

j 

j 

j 

Xlj 

u 

y 

y 

y 

y 

y 

y 

y 

y 

y 

y 

y 

y 

"j 

j 

viij 

j 
j 
j 
j 
j 
j 
j 



THE MARTIN GARS I A 



69 



Coke yerdes 

Cokke Shrowdes 

ores . 

Ketles 

lanternes . 

Toppe Armynges 

Soundyng Ledes 

Capstens . 

Capsten barres . 

Compasses 

Rennyng glasses 

Shodde Shovilles 

Trayes 

Tankards . 

plates of Tree . 

poles with ij brasen shives 

Bote ropes 

Chenes of Iren . 

Gonnes 

Gonne chaumbres 
Gonne stones ^ . 
Gonne Tampyons ^ 
Drynkyng boUes 
Hausers . 
Warps 
Hayle shotte 
Pavesses . 

Spayres 
Billes 

Gonnepoudre 
hand Gonnes 



' Shot, whether of stone or 



J 

^j. 
xvj 

"!J. 
xiij 

J 
J 

y 
'j... 

viij 

"1. 
viij 

iij dd 
j 

XXX 

XX 

iiij vj 

c 

ccc 

iij dd 

vj 

iJ 
xl 

cvj 

XX 

"y ... 

xxxiij 
j fyrken 
iiij 



iron ; all shot were at first of 



stone, which explains the expression. 

^ Wads. In 1514, 8,000 'grete tampons ' at 20s. the thousand 
and 8,000 small ones at \os., were provided for the Henry Grace 
a Dieu. In the stores at Calais, 1454-5, ' ccccviii. tampons per 
gonnys.' ' Tampons ' are found in fourteenth century hsts of stores. 



70 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 




Bowes ..... 


. xl 


Arrowes . 




. cc shefes 


Bowestrynges . 
[Cokks] Colks of Iren 
Crane lynes 




ix dd 
xxj 

j 


Canuas 




j bolte 


Saile twyne 
Marlyne . 
Oven leedes 




vjlb 
vjlb 
j 


Marlyng Irens . 
ffyddes of Iren . 




j 
j 



Of which Ship with all the stuff takle and Aparaill 
ordinaunces artillaries & Abilamentes of werre afore 
expressed the said Johanne Roger prayeth to be 
discharged for asmuch as the same Ship was so 
deliuered to Sir Richard Guldeford Knyght to have 
of the Kynges yift by vertue of a warraunt vnder 
the Kynges signet to the aforesaid Thomas Roger 
directed the xxiiij"" day of the said Month of 
Decembre the firste yere of ye reigne of our said 
Souueraigne lord the Kyng that nowe is 

Et equalet (And it balances) 

The Gouernor 

Also receyued the Kynges Ship cald the 
Gouernor At Hamuli on the hoke the x*'' 
day of Octobre the first yere of the reigne 
of our Souuerayne lord the Kyng with the 
stuff & takle herafter ensuyng 

Mayne Mastes . . . . . j 



Mayne shrowdes 


xxviij 


Dedemeneyne with chene . 


xxviij 


Swyftyng takelles 


. xij 


pollankres .... 


• iiij 


Mayne stayes . 


• j 


Mayne tyes 


• ij 



THE GOVERNOR 



71 



Mayne yerdes 
Mayne lyftes 
Mayne trusses 
Mayne drynges 
Warre takkes ^ 
Garnettes . 
Mayne brasses 
Mayne shetes 
Mayne takkes 
Mayne bowlynes 
Mayne sailes 
Bonetts to the same 
Mayne topps 
Toppe mastes 
Toppe shrowdes 
Toppe yerdes 
Crane lynes 
Toppe sailes 
Toppe lyftes 
ffor mastes 
ffor shrowdes 
ffor trusses 
ffor yerdes. 
ffortakkes . 
fforshetes . 
ffor lyftes . 
ffor toppes. 
ffor stales . 
ffor halyers 
ffor tyes 
ffor bowlynes 
ffor sailes . 
Bohettes for the same 
Meson mastes . 
Meson shrowdes 



' According to Jal a tack knotted in 
Glossaire Nautique, s. v. Wartake). 



J 

y 

u 

y 

y 

y 

y 

y 

y 

j 

ly 

j 

j 

j 

i 

j 

y 

j 

y 

j 

y 

y 

y 

j 

j 

j 

j 

y 

j 

y 

y . 

xvj 
a particular way (cf. 



72 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 




Meson yerdes ij 


Meson lyftes 










Meson trusses . 










Meson tyes 










Meson halyers , 










Meson sailes 










Spritt yerdes 










Spritt sailes 










Bowsprittes 










outliggers . 










Ankres 








V 


Grapenelles 








J 


Strekeropes 








y 


whele Ropes 








J 


wale ^ trees 








U 


Hausers . 








y 


Compasses 








lUJ 


Rennyng glasses 








y 


Sounding ledes 








y 


lede lynes . 








y 


lanternes . 








X 


Ship Axes, 








j 


Gonne hamurs 








■ "j... 


Gonne pekkes ^ 








viij 


Sherhokes. 








. iiij 


ffishyng hokes f( 


Dr the 


ankres 




. iiij 


Keeles ^ . 








• "j 


Spittes of Iren 








■ j 


Gridirnes . 








• y 


Trefetts* . 








■ j 


ffleshhoks . 








• j 



' The signification is probably that of gunwale, as ' a piece of 
timber that reaches from the half deck to the forecastle on either 
side' (Kersey's Dictionary, ed. 1715). 

^ Gunstones 'hewn & rowth,' ... '22 pecks for to hew gun- 
stones,' i.e. stone shot. Letters &= Papers Henry Fill. vol. i. 5721 

(1514)- 

' Perhaps from M.E. kelare, a big, open tub. " Trivets.' 



THE GOVERNOR 



n 



filyrepannes 

Tankards of tree 

Drynkyng holies of tree 

Trayes 

Maundes^ . 

Top Armynges of Say 

Stremers of Say 

Standards of Say 

Bottes 

Bote mastes 

Cokkes 

ores . 

ScuUes 

Boteankres 

lofe hokes with Chenes ' 

Cahles 

Boye ropes 

Boys of Cork . 

Dohles of tre 

pavesses . 

Gonnes 

Gonne chaumhres 

Spayres 

Gonne tampyons 

Gonne stones . 

Sheves of hrasse 

Bowes 

Arrowes . 

Billes 

Hakehusses 

Tahle clothes 

Canuas 



Of which Ship with 



X 

Ij 
cclx Shefes 

xlj 

Vlj 

ij 

j bolte 

all the Stuff takle and 
Aparaill ordinaunces artillaries & Abilamentes of 

' Baskets. The word here seems to describe large baskets 
used for carrying meat (cf. p. 197). 

" ' Luff hook is to succour the tackles in a large sail that all 
the stress may not bear upon the tack' {Naval Expositor, 1750). 



J 



dd 



y 
y 
ij 

Vlj 

j 
j 
j 

[jjxxvj 

j 
j 
j... 

viij 

"j 

"j 

U . 
cvj 

Ixx 

cclxv 

c 

cc 

cc 



74 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



werre afore expressed the said Johanne Roger 
prayeth to be discharged fore asmuch as the same 
Ship so takled & aparailled was deliuered by her 
said late husband to Rauf Astry ^ & Thomas Grafton 
marchaunts of London by vertue of the Kyngs 
letters of warraunt under his signet beyring date at 
Westminster the xviij day of February the firste 
yere "' of ye Kynges most noble [noble] reigne that 
now is to the said Thomas in that behalf directed 

Et equalet 

The Kynges Storehouse at Grenewich 

Receiptes of stuff & takle ordinaunces & 
artillaries into the said Storehous that is 
to say 

In the said storehouse the iiij*^ day of 
October the first yere ^ of the Kyng 

Ankres . . . xx whereof iiij are broken 
Dedemeneyne with chenes . . [xvj] cviij 

Gonnes feble ...... xxvj 

Gonne ohaumbres feble . . . . clx 

Chenes for the mayne shrowdes . . viij 
Olde Iren . . m'ccc lb after v^^'xij to thee 

Ship spayres ...... iiij 

Jonkes of Cables ..... xiiij 

Arrowes cl shefs 

polers * of sundrie sortes .... cviij 

Also bought into the same within the tyme of 
this Accompt that is to say 

Serpen tynes of Iren viij 



Chaumbres for the same 
Gonnepoudre . 
Cables 
Hausers . 

' Lord Mayor in 1493. 
3 1485. 



xxnj 
ccj lb 

ij 
J 



i486. 

Pulleys or blocks. 



STORES AT GREENWICH 75 



Also out of the Kynges Ship cald the 
Marie Tour at Erith within the tyme of 
this Accompt 



poUankres 

Mayne Shrowdes 

Mayne tyes 

Mayne Trusses . 

Mayne drynges . 

Mayne shetes feble 

Mayne takkes . 

Mayne liftes 

Brayles feble 

Brasses feble 

Stodynges 

Mayne bowlynes feble 

Mayne sailes feble 

Bonetts for the same 

Mayne toppes . 

fforsaile 

Bonetts for the same 

Meson Shrowdes 

Gonnes 

Gonne chaumbres 

Gonne poudre . 

Bowes 

Arrowes . 

Chestes for the same 

Spayres 

Malles of lede . 

billes 

Strekeropes 

Ketles 

Maite tables 

pavesses . 



xxxij 

'J 
ij 
U 

J 

j payr 

U 
ij 
U 
U 
U 
j 

j 
j 

j.... 
xiiij 

Iv 

[cxlviij] cxxxv 

j Barrell weighing cc lb 



mjx 
cl shefes 
iiij 
c 

XXX 

xxiij 



j 

XX 

iiij 



76 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Of stuff forfetted by S' William Capell brought 
on land vncustuined 

Cables ....... v 

Hausers ...... vij 



Somme of almaner Receiptes of Stuff 
takle and Aparaill ordinaunces artillaries and 
Abilamentes of werre by the said Thomas 
Roger receyued into the said [store] Store 
hous within the tyme of this Accompt 



Ankres . . . . xx whereof iiij 
Dedemeneyne with Chenes . 

Gonnes. ..... 



Gonne Chambres [ccviij ccciij 

Chenes for the mayne shrowdes 

olde Iren 

Jonkes of Cables 

Gonne poudre 

Cables . 

Hausers 

pollankres 

Mayne Shrowdes 

Mayne tyes . 

Mayne Trusses 

Mayne drynges 

Mayne shetes feble 

Mayne takke 

Mayne Lyftes 

Brayles feble 

Brasses feble 

Stodynges . 

Mayne bowlynes feble 

Mayne Sailes feble 

Bonetts for y'= same 

Mayne toppes 



ccuij 



ar broken 
[xvj] cviij 

XX 

. iiijx 

xv] cccxix 
viij 

M'lb 

xiiij 
ccccj lb 

viij 

xxxij 

ij 
U 

y 

J 

J Payr 

U 

ij 

ij 

y 
ij 
j 

j 



STORES AT GREENWICH jj 



fforsaile 

Bonettes for ye same 

Meson shrowdes . 

Bowes . 

Arrowes 

Chests for ye same 

poles of sundrie sorts 

Spayres 
Malles of lede 
Billes . 
Streke ropes 
Keeles . 
Maite tables 

pavesses 



[cl shefs] 



xmj 

XX 

iiijx 
ccc shefes 

cviij 

xz 

ciiij 

XXX 

xxiij 
J 

J 

XX 

iiij 



Wherof deliuered out of the said Store- 
hous within the tyme of this Accompt That is 
to say 

To Matthew Baker capitayne of the Isle of 
Gersey by vertu of ij seuerall warrauntes vnder the 
Kynges signet that oon of them beyring date the last 
day of May the first yere ^ of the Kyngs most noble 
reigne & that other the xxv* day ffebruary the same 
yere^ 



Serpentynes of Iran 
Chaumbres for the same 
Gonne poudre 



. vnj 
. xxiiij 
ccj lbs in j barrell 



To a ship cald the Marie Guldeford reteyned 
in the Kynges seruice upon the See the xx"" day 



i486. 



Ibid. 



78 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

of March the secund yere ^ of the Kynges said most 
noble Reigne by the Kynges comaundment 

Cables ... . . ij 

Hawsers ...... j 

To S' Charles Somersett^ Admirall of the 
Kynges Armye vpon the See the xiiij* day of 
ffebruary the iij"* yere^ of ye Kynges said most 
noble reigne by the Kynges high comaundment 
fore the defence of a ship cald the Peter Deneta * 

Gonnes ...... ix 

Gonnechaumbres .... xxvij 

To Sir William Vaumpache Knyght the day & 
yere abouesaid for the defence of another Ship"* in 
the same [ff] Armye 

Gonnes ...... ix 

Gonne Chambres .... xxvj 

To S'^ Richard Haute capitayne of another ship ^ 
in the said flete the same day & yere by the Kynges 
said high comaundment 

Gonnes ...... vj 

Gonne chaumbres .... xviij 

To S" Richard Guldeford Knyght Maister of ye 
Kynges ordinaunce by thandes of John Stok clerk 

* 1487. 

^ Founder of the ducal house of Beaufort. Illegitimate son of 
Henry Beaufort, Duke of Somerset; knighted 1485, afterwards 
K.G. and Lord Chamberlain. Created Earl of Worcester 1514 ; 
died 1526. 

3 1488. 

* According to the Tellers' Rolls (No. 61) the Peter Daynevita 
of 240 tons and 210 men, hii-ed at 2s. a ton per month. 

* The John de Hoyoof 140 tons, manned by 150 soldiers and 
40 seamen, hired at the same rate. 

* The John of Plasgencia of 220 tons, 190 soldiers and 45 
seamen, at the same rate. 



STORES AT GREENWICH 



79 



of the same, ordinaunce by the Kynges high comaund- 
ment towards the enarmyng of iij Spaynard Shippes 
apointed to the see in the said Armye 

Arrowes ..... ccc shefes 



To the Kynges ship cald the Souerayne by 
thandes of Henry Palmer by Indenture 
Ankres 

Bonetts for the fforsaill 
Malles of leede 
Stodynges 



[Hausers 
Gonne poudre 
Jaundy^ cables 
Hausers of Jayne - 



J 
J 

J 
j barrell 



vij 



Somme of the said deliuerees within the tyme 
aforesaid , 



Gonnes 

Gonne chaumbres 

Gonne poudre . 

Cables 

Hausers . 

Arrowes . 

Bonettes for the fforsaill 

Malles of lede . 

Stodinges . 

Ankres 



xxxij 

[Ixxj] iiijxv 
. ccccj lb 

■ ij 

• j 

ccc Shefes 

■ j 

• y 
■ j 



And so remayneth in the said Storehous 
vpon the ende of this Accompt That is to Say 

Ankres . . . xix Wherof iiij are broken 

XX 

Chenes with dedemeneyne . . [iiijxlj] cviij 
Gonnes ...... Ivij 

» Genoa. ' Ibid. 



8o 



NA VAL AC CO UN TS 



Gonne Chaumbres 
Chenes for the mayne shrowdes 
olde Iren 

Jonkes of Cables . 
pollankres 
Mayne Shrowdes . 
Mayne tyes . 
Mayne trusses 
Mayne drynges 
Mayne Shetes feble 
Mayne Takkes ■ . 
Mayne lyftes. 
Brayles feble 
Brasses. 
[Stodynges . 
Mayne bowlynes . 
Mayne saile feble . 
Bonettes for ye same 
Mayne toppes 
fforsaill . 
Meson Shrowdes . 

Bowes . 

Chestes for bowes & Arrowes 

Spayres 
Malles of lede 
Billes . 
Streke ropes 
Ketles . 
Maite tables . 

pavesses 

poles of sundrie sortes 



ccxxnij 
viij 

M'lb 

xiiij 

xxxij 

ij 

ij 

ij 

J 

j payr 

ij 

U 

ijlj 

U 

j 

j 

j 
xnij 

iiijx 

XX 

ciiij 

xxiiij 

xxiij 

j 

j 

XX 

iiij 
cvuj 



Whereof the said Johanne Roger prayeth to be 
discherged fforasmuph as she hath delivered the 
same To William Qomergall Clerk .of the Kynges 
Shippes togither with the Key of the said Storehows 



STORES AT GREENWICH 8i 

at Grenewich vnto and for the Kynges most noble 
use by vertue of the Kynges letters missive to the 
said Johanne directed in that behalf And whereof 
the said William Comersall restith accomptable to 
the Kyng 

Et equalet (And it balances) 



82 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



XII° H. VII 

ORDYNAUNC AND ARTILLARYE 
SENT INTO SCOTLANDE WARDE 
FOR THE WARRS 

Here ensueth a Vie we diuidet in iij partes made 
of the conduct of the Kynges ordenaunces late 
appointed for his werres ayenst the Scottes Wher- 
of by the first part is declared the particuler ship- 
pinges owtward and Receiptes of ordinaunces with 
the somme total of the same By the secunde part 
is declared ordenaunces Retorned and deliuered into 
the Tour of London And by the thrid part 
ordenaunces lakking of the said shippinges and 
Receiptes with all maner deliuerees expenses and 
employmentes of the same ffro the first day of May 
the xij"" yere ^ of the most noble reigne of oure 
Souueraigne lord Kyng Henry the vij vnto the xx* 
day of Novembre then next ensuyng And because 
of hast in shipping setting forth into Scotland 
retorne & deliueree of the said ordinaunces into the 
said Tour of London the said ordenaunces in this 
viewe cannot be expressed perfitly in noumbres and 
quantities as ought to be after the true ordre of 
accompt And because the said Retorne must accord 
with the Indentures of Shipping of the same almaner 
ordinaunces chested bareld or otherwise trussed ^ in 
cases or vesselles be expressed by the noumbers of 
chestes, barelles,fattes, basketesor such other without 

' 1497. * Packed. 



THE SCOTCH WAR 83 

other noumbryng or weying of the stuffes therin 
conteyned as bowes arrowes artificers toles Irenwerk 
nailes and other store be noumbered by the Chestes 
Also bowstrynges casting caltraps ^ tallowe nettes 
for gard tramelles - & such other by the barelles 
fattes & such other vesselles Also shot of lede 
moldes for pellettes dise ^ of iren and cressett lights 
be noumbred by the baskettes And Iren lede 
tymbre ropes and all such by the peces Which 
rekinnyng is not sufficient for the sauf gard of the 
Kynges said ordenaunce ne for acquitall and dis- 
charge of his offices in tyme comyng Wherefore it 
semeth necessarie that another viewe be taken 
of all the Kynges said ordenaunces within his said 
Tour of London accompting the same by noumbres 
and weightes according to the first empcon.and 
provision of the same 

First ensueth the first part of the sayd 
viewe wherby As well the particular Ship- 
pinges of Ordenaunces for the said voyage 
As the somme total of the same and other 
appointed in that behalf with the particuler 
variances betwene the Indentures and book 
of shipping plainely doth apiere in forme 
following that is to say 

Shipping of ordenaunces fro the Tour of London 
in sundrie Shippes for the said voiage that is to say 

' A ball armed with spikes intended to lame horses, and 
thrown on the ground in front of charging cavalry. 

^ Nets. Used with stakes (infra, pp. 89, 100) and probably as a 
defence for archers. 

' Shot. ' 300 smal and grete dice of iern.' {Stores of Great 
Nicholas, 1514.) '600 pellettes of iren,' — '140 pellettes of lead 
for serpentines ' {ibid). When the size is mentioned ' dice ' are 
always an inch and a half square (cf. p. 2 1 7). Usually a distinction 
is drawn between ' dice ' and ' pelletts,' but it is not always so here 
(cf. pp. TOO, 104). 

G 2 



84 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



The Antony of London 
By Indenture 

Curtowe of brasse calde Cales ' 
Shot of iren for the same . 
Shot of stone for the same. 
Horseharnesses for the same 
picases^ .... 
Shovills .... 
Scopes .... 
fifare ^ carts 
Horsharnesses for the same 



J 
cl 

1 

XX 

c 

XX dd 

ijdd 

ij 



And by the boke of shipping 

The said Curtowe is expressed with ij beddes* 
and ij paire Wheles with hole boxes ^ of brasse 

ij paire lymores ^ with boltes forlokkes ^ kayes * 
lynces ^ and a taile pynne for the said Curtowe 

Scaling ladders ..... xix 

' A curtowe, curtal, or courtauld, was a short, heavy gun of 
brass or iron weighing about 3,000 lbs. and obtained from Flanders. 
They were guns of position and only occasionally used on board 
ship until the middle of the sixteenth century, when the demi- 
culverin of about the same weight most nearly represented them. 
Large pieces were usually individually named. In the expenses of 
Calais for 1434-5 two guns are mentioned by name, the London, and 
the St. Paul. {Roll of Foreign Accounts, No. X.) In 1512 thirteen 
curtowes and serpentines are described under names. (Letters &' 
Papers Henry VIII. i. 3616.) 

* Pickaxes. ^ Travelling or riding carts, M.E. Faren. 
^ On carriages. 

' The bushing of the wheel nave. 

^ Shafts for the bed on which the gun was mounted (Fr. 
Ltmon). 

^ A forelock might be an iron pin driven through the eye of a 
bolt, or the fastening of the cap-square which fixes the trunnion of 
a gun to its carriage. 

* Keys, here probably the cap-square keys. 

^ Lynch-pins. (Skeat, and Stratmann's Middle Eng. Diet.) 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



85 



The Trinitye of Snodeland ^ 
By Indenture 

Serpentyne of brasse 

Shot of Iren for the same 

Horsharnesse for the same 

Charging ladells . 

Rammers for the same . 

Curtowe of brasse with all her Appareill 

cald the Dragon 
Shot of iren for the same 
Shot of stone for the same 
Horsharness for the same 
Charging ladells for the same 
Rammers for the same . 
Demy curtowes of brasse 
Shot of iren for the same 
Shot of stone for the same 
Horsharnes for the same 
Shovilles & spades . . . xxiij 
Scopes ..... 
Picases and mattokkes . 
Charging ladelles . . 
Rammers . . ' . 

By the boke of Shipping 



CCCXIJ 
XX 

y 

J 
cl 

1 

XX 

ij. 
viij 

ij 
ccc 

c 

Ivj 

dd viij 

vij dd 

clxx 

iiij 

luj 



The said Serpentyne is cald the Lyon with 
ij beddes a paire wheles shodd with half boxes of 
brasse and another paire wheles with hole boxes 
of brasse and a paire of new lymores with boltes 
forlokkes kaies tailepyn and lynces 

Also the said Curtowe is cald a demy curtowe 
with her olde bedd a paire of new Wheles with hole 
boxes of Brasse and a paire of bare wheles lymores 
boltes forlokkes &c. 

And the said ij demy curtowes be cald Carlile 

' Kent, on the Medway above Chatham. 



86 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



and Dovirre with old beddes and wheles half boxed 
and a pair of wheles bare with iij paire lymores boltes 
&c. & xxxviij horsharnes & a Cart sadell ^ 



The Kateryn of Walderswyk ^ 




By indenture 




Colpresses ^ . . . . 


xlvj 


Crowes of Iren 










xxvj 


Chenes of Iren 










xlvj 


Extrees* . 










Ix 


Cartes for shott 










X 


fifarecartes . 










iiij 


lymors 


1 








ix pair 


Crete extrees 










xiiij 



By the boke of shipping 

The said carts to be expressed with apparell 

— The Antony of Dunwich — 

By Indenture 

Demy Curtowe of brasse cald Berwick 
Shot of Iren for the same 
Shot of Ston for the same 
Charging ladelles for the same 
Rammers .... 
Horsharness .... 
Picases ..... 
Shovilles .... 
Bumbardell * of brasse cald Portcolies 



cl 
1 

ij 
ij 

XX 

1 

xij dd 

J 



* The shaft horse saddle. 

^ Near Southwold ; formerly a port of some consequence. 
^ Colpice, a provincial term for levers or lifters ; or Colpas, ' a 
prop or underset to a lever.' (New Eng. Diet.) 

* Axletrees. 

* Bombard was one of the earliest names for cannon in the south 
of Europe. The Spanish has also a form, lombarda — ' El catldogo 
(Real Museo, Madrid) nota con exactitud que lombardas empezaron 
a Uamarse d mediados del siglo XIV.' (Duro, Disquisiciones 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



87 



Shot of iren for the same 
Shot of stone for the same 
Horsharnes for the same 



Ixv 

XXX 

xxvj 



By the boke of shipping 

The said demy curtowe is expressed with an olde 
bedd ij paire of newe Wheles shodd^ with hole boxes 
of brasse and a paire of Wheles bare^ ij pair of lymors 
lymor boltes &c. 

And the said Bumbardell is expressed with ij 
pair wheles & a pair of hynder wheles spare with 
hole boxes of Brasse her taile pyn chymell ^ pyn 
boltes and a pair wheles vnshodd 



The Margarete of Walderswik 


By indenture 


Bowes . ..... XX Chestes 


Bowstringes 






iij barelles 


Arowes . 






xl chestes 


Billes .... 






D 


Marespikes ^ . 






[c]l 


Stakes for gardtramelles 






clxxj 


Lantanes 






cviij 


Candell . 






iij chestes 


Crows of Iren. 






yj 


Dise of Iren . 






ij baskettes 


Gardtramell Netts . 






ij drifattes* 


Shovilles. 






ccxxxiiij 


Standard Shaftes . 






V 


Casting Caltraps 






j firken 


Tallowe . 






. V barelles 


Gonnepoudre . 






iij barells 


Nduticas, i. 18.) In 1453 a bombard, the Goodgrace, 12 feet 


long, and throwing a stone ball 22 inches in diameter, was made 


for Henry VI. 


» With tires. ^ Without tires. ^ Hinge. 


* Morrispikes, long pikes. 






5 Boxes. 



88 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



for charging 



Vinacre . 
Small hawsers 
Bagges of leder 
Tanned hides . 
Anfeld^ . 
Smythes bellowes 
Hakbusses 
Doubles of plate ' 

ladelles 
Blak plates 
Taketts ^ 
Smythes toles . 
Bukhorne 
Towchepoudre ^ 
Sponges grete ij and small xxvj 
Cikles 
Sithes 

Balances with their weightes 
Moldes for pellettes 



j hoggshed 
xij dd 

J 

j paire 

XXV 

viij 
jdd 

Jjml 

j Chest 

j barell 
xxviij 
V dd di 5 

iij paire 
iiij 



By the boke of Shipping 

Cresset lights ij baskettes 

Cressettes with staves * . . . xv 
Cikles viij dd and ij, that is to say 

exceeding the aforesaid v dd di . xxxij 

Item the aforesaid xij dd bagges of leder be 
expressed but xij bagges of leder 

And the said ship is cald the Marie of Wal- 
derswik 

' Anvil ; other forms Aundevilde and Andevile. 

* Pieces of metal. 

* Small nails or tacks. 

* Priming po.wder. * Sickles s| dozen. 

^ ' Any hollow vessel employed for holding a light . . . and 
carried upon a pole. The light was a wreathed rope smeared with 
pitch or rosin.' (Halliwell's Dictionary^ 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



89 



The Nicholas of Ciswell 
By indenture 

Bowes 

Arowes 

Bowstringes 

Billes . 

Mattokkes . 

Crowes of iren 

Cressettes with theire staves 

Dise of iren 

Marespikes 

Spades & shovilles 

Standard shaftes 

Candell 

Casting caltraps 

Lantanes . 

Colpresses . 

Levers 

Gardetramell Stakes . 

Paving rammers of tymbre 

Betells of tymbre 

Carpenters toles 

Tallowe 

Gryndstones 

Cresset Hghts 

Gonnepoudre 

Nailes 

Gynne with a robenet ^ & other 

apparell . 
leder bagges 
Small hawsers 
Vinacre 
Canuas 



XX chestes 
xl chestes 
iij barelles 

D 

1 
xviij 

XV 

ij basketts 

1 

ccl 

V 

iij chestes 

j firken 

c 

vij 

[iJ] xij 

c 

iiij 
inj 

j chest 

V barells 

ij 

ij baskettes 

iij barelles 

ij chestes 

j 
xij 

j hoggshed 
j chest 



' Suifolk, between Dunwich and Aid burgh. 

' An engine or carriage with a 'robinet,' an appliance for 



hurling stones. 



90 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Paper and coton file ^ . 

Towche poudre . 

Sponges ij grete & xxviij small 

Hakbusses. 



j chest 
j barell 

XXX 



XXV 



By the boke of shipping 

Gardetramell nettes . . . . j drifatt 

The John of Dunwich 
By Indenture 

Demy curtowes of brasse cald Pont 

frett & Wyndsore . 
Shott of iren for the same . 
Shott of stone for the same 
horsharness for the same . 
Charging ladelles for the same 
Rammers for the same 
Scopes 

Shovilles and spades 
Picases 

Stakes for the feld ^ 
Scaling ladders . 

By the boke of shipping 

The said ij demy curtowes be expressed with 
ij old beddes and ij pair wheles shodd and with half 
boxes of brasse And with ij new beddes and ij pair 
wheles shodd with hole boxes of brass ij new extrees 
a pair of new lymors with lymor boltes draught 
pynnes forlokkes keyes and lynces 

• Thread. 

^ Used to construct a palisade in front of bodies of archers ; 
in 1513 every ship in the navy carried a certain number, the 
Henry Grace a Dieu 2,000 ; but that appears to be the first instance 
in which they were systematically included amongst naval ordnance 
stores, and then probably only because a land expedition was in- 
tended. 



y 

ccc 

c 

xl 

iiij 

nij 

vj dd 

Ixdd 

ccc 

c bundelles 

xxiii 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



91 



The Antony Remyngton 

By Indenture 

Arowes ...... 

Billes 

Crowes of iren ..... 

Betelles of tymbre .... 

Wilken Rammers of Iren ^ 

Lymors ...... 

Marespikes ..... 

ffarecartes with their apparell . 
Close Cartes with their apparell 
Crane with apparell .... 

Resing ^ gynne of xiij peces with 
apparell ..... 

Carpenters toles .... 

Boltes for the crane & gynnes . 
Crane ropes ..... 

Sex fold takle with a robenett . 
Gynne rope with an hoke of iren 

Slyng Ropes 

Haliers^ of Hemp .... 



xxviij chests 

D 

xxvj 
viij 

ij 

xxvj pair 

DX 

iiij 

y 



chestes 
chestes 



J 

ij 

ij 

iJ 

J 

J 

viij 



By the boke of shipping 



Tallowe 
Mantell * 



j barell 
j 



The Barbara of London 
By indenture 

Bowes X Chestes 

Arowes ...... xxx Chestes 

• Doubtless named after the maker or inventor. 
^ Raising. 

* Any rope for pulling or hauling, etymologically the same as 
the maritime halliard. 

^ Mantlet, a movable wooden penthouse used to shelter 
soldiers attacking a fortified place. 



92 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Billes . 
Dise of iren 
Horshoue 
Horscombes 
Tallowe 
Cartclowts ^ 
Nailes . 
Candell . 



cccc 

xxvj baskettes 
viij chestes 
j chest 
iiij barells 
iij chestes 
j chest 
xj chestes 



The Thomas of Brikelsey ^ 

By indenture 

Demy curtowes of brasse . . ij 

Shot of iren for the same . . ccc 

Shot of ston for the same . . 1 

Horsharness for the same . . xl 

ffare cartes with all apparell . . ij 

By the boke of shipping 

Shot of ston for either demy curtowe 1 
Stakes for the feld . . . dccccI 

Also oon of the said demy curtowes is named 
the libard ^ with her old bedd a pair of newe wheles 
shodd with hele boxes of brasse a pair lymors 
forlokkes kayes linces & her tailepynne And that 
other demy curtowe is named the Ruysbanke * with 
a newe bedd and old wheles shodd with half boxes 
of brasse a pair of newe lymors boltes forlokkes kayes 
linces & her taile pynne &c 



[Stakes for the feld 



Dccccl] 



' ' Iron plates for the axle-tree, to keep it from wearing.' 
Memorials of London, p. 284.) 

* Brightlingsea. * The Leopard. 



(Riley, 



Or Rysebank, a fort forming part of the defences of Calais. 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



93 



J 
Ixvij 

xxxvj 

xxvj 



The John of London 
By indenture 

Demy curtowe of brasse calde Guysnes 

Shot of iren for the same . . . . cI 

Shot of ston for the same . . . . 1 

Horsharnes for the same . . xx 

Bumbard of brasse named the Rose 

Shot of iren for the same . 

Shot of ston for the same . 

Horseharness for the same. 

By the boke of shipping 

The said demy curtowe is expressed with her 
old bedd old wheles with half boxes of brasse a pair 
of bare wheles and to the same bedd her boltes 
forlokkes kayes linces tailepynne and lymors Also 
a new bedd with a pair bare wheles and a pair of 
lymors 

And the said Bumbardell is expressed with an 
old bedd iiij olde wheles and a pair of hinder wheles 
shodd & with hole boxes of brasse and a paire of 
bare wheles tayle pynne chymell boltes lynces kayes 
&c And a new bedd with iiij wheles vnshodd and 
XXXV horseharnesses and a cartsadell 

The Dauy of Sandwich 
By indenture 

Demy curtowes of brasse cald Bamba- 

rowe ^ and hammes ^ . . . . ij 

Shot of iren for the same .... ccc 

Shot of stone for the same . . . . c 

Horsharnes for the same .... xxx 

Charging ladelles for the same . . . iiij 

' Bamborough. ^ Hammes, between Calais and Guisnes. 



94 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Rammers for the same 

Shovilles . 

picases 

Scopes 

Stakes for the feld 



By the boke of shipping 

Scaling ladders .... 
Charging ladelles of sundrie sorts 



nij 

xldd 

cc 

vj dd 

1 bundelles 



XXV 



xxvj 



And the said ij demy curtowes be expressed 
with ij old beddes iiij wheles iren bounden and half 
boxes of brasse ij pair of old lymors a pair of new 
lymors And ij pair of newe wheles with hole boxes 
of brasse with boltes forlokkes draught pynnes 
kayes and lynces 

H orsharnesse for ij demy curtowes xl that 

is to say exceding the said Indenture x 
[Horsharnesforthedemy curtowes xl &c x] 

The Christopher of Eston ^ 

By indenture 

Serpentyne of brasse named the grey- 
hound with double apperell 
Shot of iren for the same 
Paving rammes of tre . 
Wilken ramme of iren 

Tymbre .... iiij plankes of elme 

Horsharnes for the same serpentyne 
Picases ..... 
Shovilles ..... 
Scopes ..... 
ffare cartes with her apparell 
Curtowe of brasse named the toure ^ 

' Easton, in the Isle of Portland, or Easton Bavents, one mile 
north of Southwold ; probably the latter. 
* Tower. 



1 
cc 

ij 
J 



XX 

cl 

XXX dd 
iij dd 

J 
J 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



n 



Shot of iren for the same , . . ccc 
Horsharnes for the same . . . xxvj 

By the boke of shipping 

Skrewe with her apperell 

Also the said serpentyne is expressed with an 
old bedd old wheles with half boxes of brasse ij pair 
of newe lymors with boltes forlokkes kayes lynces 
& a tailepynne &c 

And the said Curtowe with her old bedd iiij old 
wheles shodd & a cheyne of iren with boltes 
forlokkes &c And a pair of hynder wheles shodd 
& with hole boxes of brass 

The John van Orlowe hoy of Midelborowe^ 
By Indenture 

Mantell with her apparell . . j 

Carpenters toles . . . iij chestes 

Anfeld j 

Traices cxx pair 

An hoy of Andwarpe^ John Williamsons owne 
By Indenture 

Mantell with apparell . . j 

Irenwerk for the same [a chef] . j 

XX 

pellettes of leed for Serpentynes ciiijviij 
Tampons for curtowes . . c 

Trestelles ^ for hakbusses. 

Pavesses * for the same 

Cartropes . 

Hawsers grete and small 

» Middleburg, in the Isle of Walcheren. ' Antwerp. 

3 Rests from which they were fired. 
* Shields for the harquebusiers. 



nij 

XX 

iiij 

ccccxx 
xxj 



96 NAVAL ACCC 


>UN 


TS 


An hoy of Tergo ^ Adrian Laurenson 


By Indenture 




Pellettes of lede . 


. vj baskettes 


Arowes of ix inches the feder ^ 


xiiij chestes 


Lyneyer arowes ^ 


Ixiiij chestes 


Tugges * for horsharnesse 




ij baskettes 


Marespikes 
BiUes 




cclx 

D 


Tampons . 
Barres of iren 




xij""' 
xxj 


Strakes ^ for cartes 




XXV 


Whelers toles 




iij Chestes 


Gonnepoudre . ■ 
Smythes toles . 




j last 

ij Chestes 


The Marie of Orford 




By Indenture 




Bowes 


XXX Chestes 


Bowstringes 






V barelles 


Arowes 






Ix chestes 


Billes 






m' 


Stakes for the feld 






ijml 


Marespikes 
Gardetramelles . 






D 

c 


Hakbusses of iren 






XXXV 



' Goes, or Tergoes, in South Beveland, province of Zeeland. 

^ Feathered for nine inches. 

3 Arrows fitted with strips of leather instead of feathered, ' le bois 
des fleches dtait garni par le has de plumes ou de lanieres de cuir.' 
(P. Lacombe, Zes Armes et les Armures, p. 129.) According to 
Wilkinson {Engines of War, p. 26), this method was chiefly 
applied to quarreaux (quarrels) used for the cross-bow. 

^ Tug-irons, pins on waggon-shafts to which the traces were 
hitched. 

^ The iron tires of wheels. 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



97 



ffaucons ^ of brasse with all 

Serpentynes of brasse 

Gonnepoudre 

Gardetramell cordes 

Mattokkes and picases 

Charging ladelles 

Shovilles . 

Spades 

Pellettes of lede 

Gardetramell stakes 

ffelling Axes 

Cressett light 

Heggebilles ^ 

leede 

iren . 

Dise of iren dccI lb 

Salpeter . 

Colepoudre * 

Brymston . 

Latescaltraps ^ 

Candell 

Cressettes 

Extrees . 

Cresset staves 



ther aparell 



XlllJ 

ij 
j last 

j fatt 
c 

xxvj 
cl 

Ixxij 

ix baskettes 
c 

xxiij 

iij baskettes 
cxx 
. j fodre^ 
ij ton xxj endes ^ 
. iij baskettes 
vj lasts viij barelles 
iij lasts iiij barelles 
xl demy barelles 
cij 
vj chestes 

XXV 

X 

XXV 



' The falcon or fawcon is not found as a ship-gun till the early 
years of Henry VIII. Its weight at this time is said to have 
ranged between 150 and 800 lbs. ; towards the end of the sixteenth 
century it was always of 800 lbs., firing a 3-lb. ball. {Lansd. 
MSS. 113, f. 177.) 

^ Hedge bill-hook. 

' Nineteen and a half to twenty-two cwt. in varipus places. 

* Odd pieces. * Charcoal. 

^ Perhaps caltrops united by lattice work or rods forming a 
kind of cheval-de-frise, and thus distinguished from 'casting 
caltrops.' The 'latescaltraps' is the M.E., lates or latis, a lattice. 
In an ordnance store account of the next reign {Bxch. Accts. 
Q.R. Bdle. 57-3) there is an entry ' Item for xx™^ calthorps 
otherwise called latice stakes every c iiii^' 

*H 



98 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Lokkes ...... 

Casting caltraps ..... 

By the boke of Shipping 

Bowstringes x barelles that is to say 
exceeding Indentures 

Hakbusses 1 exceeding the same Inden- 
tures ...... 

Charging ladelles 1 exceeding the same 
Indentures ..... 



ij chestes 
j barell 



V barelles 



XV 



xxnij 



Caysons hoy alias Catyns hoy 
By Indenture 

xviij grete boltes for grete gonnes with 
certen stuffes for gardtramelles marked 
with XX ..... . 

Halberdes gilt in a chest 

Halberdes vngilt in the same Chest 

Gonnepowdre vij barelles of Thomas 
ffauconer and xlvij demy barelles of the 
yoman of the Kinges ordenaunces xxxj barrelles 



j chest 
1 



XX 



Barowes for shot . 






1 


Marespikes . . . . 
Spaires and demy launces 
Stokkes ^ . . . . 
Ropes for the barowes . 
Betelles of tymbre 






V 
DXXXV 

T' 

vij 


Cikles . . . . . 






c 


Sithes .... 






vj 


fFelling axes . 

Hegge billes 

ffetters .... 






xxiiij 

. XXV 

. j chest 


Bowstringes . 






xvij barelles 



Stocks, presumably for insubordinate soldiers, 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



Smyths bellowes .... 
lanternes ..... 
Halberdes of fflaunders making . 
Halberdes of London making 
Halberdes of the forest of Deuon . 
Hale ^ for the countinghows with apparell 
Pavilion of xvj and a prik ^ . 
Betelles iren bounden . 
Barres of iren for the grete mantell ^ 

Billes 

Stuffes for gardtramelles 



99 



J pair 

clxviij 

cxx 

X 

Ix 

J 

J 
U 

V 
DCCCXX 

j chest 



By the boke of shipping 

ffelling axes xxxiiij exceding the said 
Indenture . . . . . x 



Gonnepoudre 



vj barelles 



George Dancard of Andwarp 
By Indenture 



ffare cartes .... 


• ij 


Close cartes for gonnepoudre 
Cart for shot 


• j 


Wheles shodd for serpentines 
Bare wheles for faucons 


. iiij pair 
. X pair 


Bare wheles for grete ordinaunce 
Gynne with all her apperell . 
Horsharnesse for vij carts 
Billes 


. iiij pair 

vij draughtes 

. m' 


Pellettes of leede . 


viij baskettes 


Tymbre .... 


X plankes of elme 



Tent. 



post 



' lent. 

^ A word appears to be omitted after xvj -jprik means a timber 



^ Mantlet ; supra, p. 91. 



H 3 



lOO 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



The Anne of Conke ^ 

By Indenture 

Bowes .... 

Bowstringes 

Arowes .... 

Billes .... 

Marespikes 

Stakes for the feld 

Latescaltraps 

Heggebilles 

Gardtramell stakes . 

ffaucons of brasse with their apparell 

Hakbusses 

Serpentynes of brasse with 

apparell .... 
Gonnepoudre . 
Charging ladelles 
Pellettes .... 
Brymston .... 
Colepoudre 

Salpeter .... 
Mattokkes and picases 
Shovills . 

Dise of iren for pellets Dccliij 
Leede .... 
Iren . . 

Cressett light . 
Cressett staves . 
Bagges of leder 
Extrees spare . 



XV chestes 
V barelles 
Ix chestes 
Dcccclxx 

D 

Jjml 



xnj 



their 

J 

j last 

xxvj 

. v baskettes 

xl demy barels 

iij lasts iiij barels 

vj lasts viij barels 



CC 

iij baskettes 
j foder 
ij tonnes 
iij baskettes 
xxviij 
xl 



By the boke of Shipping 

Stuffes for the countynghows 
Wire for prymers ^ . 

' Conquet, Brittany. 



. j chest 

. ij bundelles 

Priming wire. 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



lOI 



Spades 
Cressettes 



cl 
xxviij 



The Nicholas of Walderswik 
By Indenture 



Dise of Iren 

Bowes 

Bowstringes 

Cressett light 

Candell 

Tallowe . 

Gardetramell nettes 

Serpentyne of brasse 

Horsharnesse for the same 

Shot of iren of divers sortes 

H orsharnesse for a Curtowe and ij demy 

Curtowes ..... 
Shot of iren for the same demy curtowe 

new cast ..... 
Shot of iren for ij demy curtowes of 

old cast ...... 

Extrees ...... 

latescaltraps ..... 

By the boke of Shipping 

Shot of ston 

Horscolers 

Shot of iren for a bumbardell 

Shot of lede 

ladders .... 

Cresset Staves . 



V baskettes 
XV chestes 

V barelles 
vij baskettes 

iij chestes 
j barell 
jpair 

J 

X 

cccclxvj 



IX 



ex 



civ 



Dcccclvij 
Ivij 



baskettes 



xxvij 



The Barbara of Suthwold 
By Indenture 
Tymbre 1 peces 



I02 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

The Peter Coseth 
By Indenture 
Tymbre Ixiiij peces 

The Kateryne of Alburgh ^ 
By Indenture 
Tymbre ..... Ixx peces elme 

The Fortune of Alburgh 
By Indenture 
Tymbre ..... Ixiij peces elme 

Receyued at Berwick 

Chymneys ^ of iren with all their apperell j 
Cart for same without rathes ^ . '. j 
ffare carts . . . . • iij 

Purveyd over & besides all the premisses 

Spaires and demy launces * shipped out 

of fiflaunders to Berwik . . . ccxxvj 

Marespikes in likewise .... cclxv 

Hakbusses carted by land to Berwik . xxx 

Hawsers bought at Berwik . . iij 

Tanned hides . . . . . xv 

Receyued of George Bird Maire of Newcastell 
by Indenture 

Shot of iren for curtowes . . . Ixviij 

Shot of iren for a serpentyne . . iiijxiiij 

' Aldburgh. 

^ Fireplaces (Halliwell), here portable stoves ; in 1558, among 
the personal possessions of Sir Wm. Fairfax, deceased, occurs 
' one iron chimley, vj^ viij*.' 

^ Frames extending beyond the body of a cart. 

* Light spears. 



THE SCOTCH WAR 103 

Receyued at Newcastell out of the Castell there 
Curtowes of brasse . . . . . j 
Demy curtowes of brasse . . . . jj 
Lading ^ gynne . . . . j 

Receyued of my lord Steward ^ at Berwik 

Serpentyne of iren with her apparell . . j 

Shot of iren for the same .... cxx 

Small faucons of brasse with bare wheles . v 

Coper ^ of ij other like faucons in [a] iij pece ccxij lb 

Receyued of v faucons of brasse broken in the 
feld afor the tour of Aiton * in Scotland 

Coper in xxviij peces . Dcccj quarteron xxj Ib^ 

Somme of almaner Shippinges and Re- 
ceiptes aforesaid that is to say 



Bowes .... 


. ex chestes 


Arowes .... 

Bowstringes 

Spaires and demy launces . 

Marespikes 


. cccxxxvj chestes 
. xliij barelles 
. Dcclxj 
. ij'"'cxl 



> Loading. 

^ Robert, first Lord Willoughby de Broke, son of Sir John 
WUloughby, in right of his wife, Anne Cheney, lord of the manor 
of Broke, Wiltshire. Robert was sheriff of Devon in 1481, 
engaged in the Buckingham rising of 1483, and fled to Brittany. 
He returned there in 1489, in command of the army sent to 
protect Anne of Brittany, but which came home after some 
months of inaction. Knight of the Garter and Privy Councillor 
in 1489, and peer by writ of summons dated Aug. 12, 1492. 
Died 1502. A badge, found on several monuments of members 
of the Willoughby family, is a ship's rudder, probably adopted by 
the first lord in consequence of his command of the fleet which 
conveyed the army invading France in 1492, and of that which, 
in the present case, was acting in conjunction with Surrey. 

^ Copper. * Ayton, i\ miles from Berwick. 

^ Eight cwt., lbs. 21, and one quarter of a cwt. 



I04 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Halberds- 



Gilt .... 

vngilt 

of the forest of Deuon 



Gonnes 
cald 



Billes 

Stakes for the feld 

/- j^ 11 (Stakes 
Gardtramelles tvt ^^ 
(Nettes 

Latescaltraps 

Casting caltraps . 

Scaling ladders . 

/ Bumbardelles of brasse 
Curtowes of brasse 
Demy curtowes of brasse 
Serpentynes of brasse 
Serpentyne of Iren 
ffaucons of brasse 

iHakbusses of iren 
Rammers of tree for grete gonnes 
Charging Ladelles 
Gonnepoudre 
Sallpeter in flour 
Brimston in flour 
Colepoudre 
Vinacre 

Iren 

Ston 

lead 
Dise of iren for pellettes 
Shipping crane with a Reysing 

gynne 
Lading gynnes 
Skrewe 

Wilken rammes 
Paving rammes 
Betelles 
Levers 



Gonneshot of 



1 

cl 

Ix 

vj^'ciiijx 

viij'^Dcc 

cccclxxj 

iiij fattes j pair 

ccxxiij 

j barell di 

xlviij 

ij 
nij 

xij 

j 

xxxij 

XX 

ciiij 

XXV 

cxxj 

vj lasts ix barelles 
xiij lasts iiij barelles 
xl barelles 
vj lasts viij barelles 
ij hoggshedes 
iij™' Dcclxxviij 
m' Dcliij 
xlj baskettes 
xlj baskettes 

j 

"j 

j 

^j. 
xxj 

xij 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



105 



Colpresses . 
Mattokkes and picases 
Crowes of iren . 

Spades and shovilles 

Scopes 

Cressettes . 
Lanternes . 
Standard shaftes 

Cressett staves . 
Sithes 

Cikles 

Balances . 

Moldes for pellettes 

Gryndstones 

Heggebilles 

ffelling axes 

Sponges 

Iren . 

Leede 

Chenes of iren . 

Stokkes 

ladders 

pavesses for Hakbusses 

Trestelles for the same 

Tanned hides 

Cressett light 

Tallowe 

leder bagges 

plates for charging ladelles 

wyre for prymers 
Mantelles . 
Tampons for gonnes . 
Barowes for iren shot 



liij 

m' ccxx 

Ixxvj 

iij""'cciiijiiij 

cciiijviij 

XX 

iiijxiij 
ccclxxvj 

X 

XX 

iiijxv 
xij 

XX 

ciiijxvj 
iij pair 
iiij baskettes 

ij 
ccxlv 

Ivij 

Iviij 

iiij ton xxj endes 

ij foder 

xlvj 

j pair 

uij 

XX 

iiij 

iiij 

xix 

xvij baskettes 

xvij barelles 

xvj dd iiij 

viij doubles & j 

dd blak plat 
ij bundelles 

"L 

XIJ'^C 

1 



io6 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Ropes 
cald 



Anfeldes . 

Bukhornes . 

Smyths bellows . 

rr ^ (Hale 
lents TD -r 

[ ravilion 

Tymbre . . . ccxlvij 

Barres of iren 

Strakes for cartes 

'Hawsers 

Craneropes . 

Gynne ropes . 
{ Haliers . 

Cartropes 

Ropes for barowes 

Slyngropes . 

Candell 

Smyths toles . 

Carpenters toles 

Whelers toles 

Gardetramell stuffes 

The countynghows stuffs 

Store for cranes & gynnes 

Canuas . 

Paper and coton file 

Horshoue 

, ^ ; Horscombes 
chestes< ^ ^ i 

- - \Cartclowtes 

Nailes . 

Irenwerk 

lokke;s . 

Wetters . 

'ffare cartes 

Cartes I Cartes for shot 

cald Cartes for gonnepoudre 

Cart for the chymney 



Store 



with 



U 

J. 

ij pair 

J 

peces xiiij plankes 
xxj 

XXV 

xxvj 

"j 
j... 

viij 

ccccxx[xiiij] 

xl 

ij 

xxvj chestes 

iij chestes 

vj chestes 

iij chestes 

j chest 

^ j chest 

ij chestes 

j chest 

j chest 

viij chestes 

j chest 

j chest 

iij chestes 

ij chestes 

ij chestes 

j chest 

xviij 

xj 
vij 

j 



See p. 128. 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



107 



Wheles in fShodd 



store 
Lymors 
Extrees 

Hors- 

harnesse 

for 



Bare 



/Bumbardelles 
Curtowes & demy cur 

towes 
Grete serpentynes 
Small serpentynes 
faucons & cartes 



Traices 

Tugges . . 
Coper in xxxj peces 



luj pair 
xiiij pair 
XXXV pairs 
ciiij 

[Ixvj] ccxij 

Ivij draughtes^ & 
for xxij horses 

cxx pair 
ij baskettes 
m' di c V lb ^ 



Also here ensueth the secunde part of the 
aforesaid viewe wherby as well the particuler 
Retornes of ordenaunces in sundrie shippes 
discharged at the tour of London As the 
somme totall of the same ordenaunces deli- 
uered vnto the same tour plainely doth ap- 
piere in forme following that is to say 

Retorne & deliuerees of ordinances into the said 
Toure of London out of sundrie shipps that is to say 

The Antony of Dunwich 

Demy curtowe of brasse with her apparell . j 

Shot of iren for the same . . . . cl 

Shot of ston for the same .... liij 

Bumbard of brasse with all her apparell . j 

Shot of iren for the same .... Ixv 

Shot of ston for the same . . . . xl 

Mattokkes and picases . ... 1 

Spades and shovilles . . . . . x dd 

Horsharnesse for the said Bumbard . . xxv 

Horsharnesse for the said demy Curtowe . xix 

' Sets ; compare supra and infra, pp. 99, 127. 
* 1,055 lbs. ; compare pp. 112, 124. 



io8 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Charging ladelles 




viij 


Rammers for the same gonnes . 




iiij 


pavilion ..... 




J 


hale 




J 


The J ohn of Dunwich 




Shovilles and Spades 




Ixdd 


Scopes 




V dd X 


Mattokkes and picases 




cciiijxix 


Horsharnesse .... 




xxxviij 


Scaling ladders .... 




xxlij 


Stakes for the feld . 




cv bundelles 


Charging Ladelles . 




xvj 






iiij 


Shot of iren for a demy Curtowe 




cl 


Bowes ..... 




iij 


Arowes 




iii shefes 


Shot of ston for demy curtowes 




1 


Crete serpentynes of brasse 


with 


L 


double apparell 




ij 


The John van Orlowe 




Crowes of iren .... 




iiij 


Lading gynne with ij ropes 




j 


Spaires and demy launces . 




Dciij 


Cressett staves .... 




xxxviij 


Bowes ..... 




iiij chestes 


Arowes ..... 




. vj chestes 


Stakes for gardtramelles . 




. cviij 


Traices ..... 




. ex pair 


Cressettes .... 




. xxvj 


Shovills 




. xij 


Stele spades .... 




• vj 


Curtowe of brasse with her doubl< 




apparell .... 




■ j 


Demy curtowes of brasse with 


thei 


r 


apparell .... 




• ij 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



109 



Hakbusses . . . . . 
Mattokkes ..... 

Shot of iren for a curtowe . 
Shot of iren for demy curtowes . 
Comaunderers otherwise cald betelles ^ 
Colpresses ..... 

Marespikes ..... 
Store for charging ladells . 
Hakbusses .... 



xxuj 

XV 

cxxvj 

J 

j chest 

xij 



Adrian Laurence 

Arowes ..... 
Pellettes of lede 
Whelers and Smythes toles 
Gonnepoudre . . . xxiiij 

Cressett light .... 
Horsharnes .... 
Barres of iren for the grete mantell 
Barres of iren flatt and square . 
Cart strakes .... 
Grete hopes of iren . 
Tampons for gonnes . 



iiijxviij chestes 
viij baskettes 

vj chestes 
demy barelles 
ij baskettes 



x 
iiij 
xxj 
xxvj 

»j 

xij""' 



xxiiij dd 
vij dd 
iiij 

j 



The Trinitye of Snodeland 

Spades and Shovilles 
Scopes .... 

Charging ladelles 
Rammer .... 

Mattokkes and picases . . . clxx 
Horsharnesse ..... Ixxvij 

Shot of iren for demy curtowes . . ccc 
Lymors . . . . . . ix pair 

Bare wheles . . . . . ij pair 

Wheles for grete ordenaunces shodd . iij pair 
Demy curtowes of Brasse . . . iiij 



' Wooden rammers. 



no 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Shott of iren for the same 


ccclxvij 


Bowes ...... 


V 


Arowes 


V shefes 


Shot of ston for demy curtowes . 


clij 


Gaffolles ^ of iren .... 


ij 


CorneHs Moyle 




Curtowe of brasse with double appa- 




rell 


j 


Skrew with all apparell 


J 


Arowes 


ij chestes 


Tallowe 


iiij barelles 


BiUes 


xiij 


Tanned hides 


iiij 


Balances with weightes 


j pair 


picas ...... 


j 


George Dancard 




Billes 


Dcccciiijxvj 


Horsharnes 


xliiij 


ffarecartes with apparell 


ij 


Close cartes for gonnepoudre with 




apparel 


iiij 


Cartes with tillettes ^ for shott with all 




apparelle 


j 


ffaucon wheles new unshodd 


x pair 


Wheles shodd for Serpen tynes . 


iiij pair 


Wheles for grete ordinaunces vnshod 


iiij pair 


Gynne with her apparell . 


j 


Tymbre .... viij plankes of elme 


Spare extrees ..... 


vj 


Spare extrees for faucons . 


V 


Shot of iren for Demy Curtowes 


Ixxvij 


Gaffolles of iren .... 


iiij 


pellettes of leede .... 


\aj baskettes 



' Levers, or forks, used to bend cross-bows. 
^ Coverings, the modern tilt. 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



III 



disc of iren 

Shot of leede for a Serpentyne . 
Shot of iren for a Serpentyne of iren . 
Bowes ...... 

Hugh Selander 

ffaucons of brasse with all their 

apparell 
[Broken ffaucons of Brasse 

for the metel therof is 
leede .... 

Shot of iren for demy curtowes 
Shot of Ston 
Crowes of iren 
Anfeld 
Bukborne . 

Barre of iren for an extre 
Artificers toles 
Betelles . 
Colpresses 
Extrees . 
Hawsers . 
Chene of iren 
Iren . 
Shot of leede of sundrie sortes 



iiij baskettes 
j baskett 
cxx 
xxix 



Horsharnes .... 

ffare cartes with all their apparell 

Paving rammes 

Cartes for gonne shott 

Gardtramelles . 

Cikles 

Sithes 

Cressett light 

Shovilles & spades 

Gardtramell nettes . 



vnj 

v] cancelled 
charged after 
iij peces 
ccxij 
xxj 

XV 

J 

J 

j 

iiij chestes 

ij 
viij 

V 

j 

xlj endes 

V baskettes 

XX 

containing M'cciiij 
xlj 

j 

U 
vij 

ij pairs 

vj dd X 

vj 

iiij baskettes 

xvj dd ij 

XV 



112 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Small faucons of brasse that come 
fro my lord steward . . . v 

Smyths bellowes . . . . j 

Coper in iij peces of [an] ij other like 

faucons broken .... [ex] ccxij lb 

Coper in xxviij peces of v faucons 

broken . . . dccc j quarteron xxj lbs 



Clayse Northest 

Marespikes ..... cccx 
Stakes for gardtramelles 
Stakes for the feld. 
Gardtramell stuffes 
Candell . 
Irenwerk 
Cressett staves 
Mattokkes & picases 
Spades & shovilles 
' Stele spades 
Chenes of iren 
Cressettes 
Crowes of iren 

Shot of lede for a Serpentyne 
lates caltraps 
leder hungry ^ 
Dise of Iren . 
[ffaucons of brasse 
ladders . 
Ramme of iren 
Saltpeter 

Brymston . . . xxxv 

Leede . 
Tallowe 
Shot of iren for a demy curtowe 

' Leather of poor quality 



xxj 

j quarter 

j chest 

iij chestes 

j chest 

xxix 

c 

viij dd X 

ijddj 

xliiij 

xxvj 

XXV 

xxiiij 

xl 

xvj hides 

iij baskettes 

j broken] 

"j 

j 

XXX barelles 

demy barelles 

* sowes j pece 

j barell 

cj 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



113 



Shot of iren for a curtowe 
Gryndston , 
Chymney with apparell. 



The Dukling 

Bowes ....... 

Serpentyneof Brasse with all her Apparell 
Wheles shodd .... 

Stokkes ..... 

Beddes for small faucons 
Rammer ..... 

Wheles shodd for a serpentyne of Iren 

Pavesses for Hakbusses 

Trestelles for the same . 

lates caltrappes .... 

Cressett light .... 

Bowstrynges .... 

Gardtramelles .... 

Candell ..... 

Tallowe ..... 

Horsharnes complete 

Pellettes of leede .... iiij baskettes 

Shot of leede for serpentynes . j baskett containing cc 

X 

Ixx 

Ixxij 

Dccccxij 

j 
j 
j 
j. 

xxj 

cclviij 

cxxv 



XV chestes 

j 

ij pair 

j pair 

mj 

j 

j pair 

xvj 

xvij 

3 

vij baskettes 
V barelles 
j drifat 
iij chestes 
j barell 



Spare extrees 

Cartropes ...... 

Tampons for demy curtowes . 
Shot of ston for demy curtowes 
Crane rope ..... 

Robenet rope .... 

Slyngrope ..... 

Hawser cald warp rope 
Shot of iren for a bumbardell 
Shot of iren for a demy curtowe . 
Shot of iren for a curtowe 

Shot of iren for a grete serpentyne 



cmjv 
I 



114 NAVAL 


ACCOUNTS 


The Dauy of Sandwich 


Scaling ladders . 


. XXV 


Shovilles & spades . 


• 


xxxviij dd ij 


Marespikes 


. 


. iiijv 


Mattokkes and picases 


, , 


cciiijxviij 


Scopes 




V dd iij 


Stakes for the feld . 


, , 


Dccl 


GaffoUes of iren 


. 


j 


Shot of iren for a demy 


curtowe 


. liij 


Shot of ston 


, , 


"J 


Bowes 


, , 


V 


Arowes 




iiij shefes 


Billes 




J 


Dise of iren for pelletts 




iiij baskettes 



The Antony Remyngton 

Crane with a reysing gynne & other 

apparell. 
ffare cartes with their apparell 
Close cartes for gonnepoudre with 

their apparell . 



Horshornesse for the 
Marespikes 

Billes 
Arowes 
Irenwerk . 
Spare lymors . 
Spare extrees . 
Ladder 

Crowes of Iren . 
Betelles of tymbre 
Rammes of iren 
Warp Ropes 



same 



cartes 



[J] "ij 
xxxviij 

DX 

XX 

cccciiijxij 
xxviij chestes 
j cheste 
xxvj pair 
vij 

j 

xxvj 
viij 

ij 
nij 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



"5 



The George of Andwarp 
Billes 

Stakes for the feld 

Stakes for gardtratnelles 

Arowes 

Bowes 

Salpeter . 

Spare extrees . 

Hakbusses 

Heggebilles 

Spades and shovilles . 

Stelespades 

Iren .... 

Saltpeter . 

Arowes 

Extrees . 

Irenwerk for the chymney 

Chymney and herth of I renwith apparell 

Cart without rathes for the Chymney 

Billes 

Small betelles . 

Mantell with her Apparell 

Shot of iren for a curtowe 

Bowes 

Shot of iren of sundrie sortes 

Shot of ston of sundrie sortes 



DCCCCIIIJIX 

XX 

iiij ij bundelles 
Ixxj 

XX chestes 
V chestes 
vj barelles 

V 

xlviij 

XX 

iiij XV 
vj dd vij 
xj dd iij 
clx endes 
xij barelles 
vij chestes 

j chest 

J 

J 
yij 

ix 

xlvj 

ij chestes 

ccclxj 

clxxvj 



The John of London 

Serpentyne of iren with her bedd i 

grete boltes and a forlokke 
Horsharnesse . 
Tallowe . 
Charging ladelles 
Bowes with oon broken 
Arowes 



[xv] xlvj 
iiij barelles 
viij 

V 

V shefs 



ii6 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Billes . . iiij 

Rammers ...... iiij 

Bumbard of Brasse with her Apparell . j 
Demycurtowe of Brassewith her Apparell j 
Shot of iren for demy curtowes . . cl 
Shot of ston for the same . . .1 
Shot of iren for the Bumbardell . . Ixvij 
Shot of ston for the same . . . xxvj 



The Thomas of Brikelsay 



Horsharnes complet 








. lix 


Charging ladelles . 
Rammers 




. mj 


Demy curtowes of brass 


e with 


their 


apparell 
Shot of Iren for the same 




■ ij 
. ccc 


Shot of ston for the same 




. c 


ffarecartes 




• ij 


Bowes .... 




• ij 


Arowes 




. j shefe 


Billes .... 




• j 


Cassyn 


s hoy 




Saltpeter . 
Colepoudre 








xxiiij barelles 
. xij barelles 


Billes 

ffelling axes 

Heggyng billes . 

Marespikes 

Trestelles for Hakbusses 








XX 

Dcciiijix 

XXX 

xxiiij 

clxxiiij 

Iv 


pavesses for the same 








liiij 


Standard staves 








X 


Charging ladelles 
Carpenters toles 
Horseharnesse complet 








xxxvj 
ij chestes 

yj 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



117 



Cartsadell without panell ^ . 
Smyths bellowes 
Halberdes .... 
Halberdes with blak helves ^ 
Mantell of tymbre with all her apparel! 
Lanternes. .... 
Betelles ..... 

Cartropes 

Crowes of iren .... 
Barres of iren for the grete mantell 
Doubles of plate for charging ladelles 
Wire . . . . . 
Shot of iren for Curtowes . 



J 

j pair 

cxxviij 

Ix 

J 

XXXV 

xiiij 

iiij 

mj 

vij 

ij bundelles 

iiij 



Lambert Henrik 



Vinacre . 
Colepoudre . 

Salpeter 

Brymston 

Gonnepoudre 

Gardtramell stakes 

lanternes 

Horsharnes . 

Cressett light. 

latescaltraps . 

Billes . 

Bagges for gonnepoudre 

Gryndston 

Cikles . 

Sithes . 

Balances 

Casting caltraps . 

Rammers for gonnes 



. ij hoggshedes 
. Ixvij barelles 

. iiijv barelles 
xlij demy barelles 
ij barelles j firken 
. ccxxx 
. cxxij 

XV without halters 
. iij baskettes 

. ix 
. xxvj 

• j. 

. vj dd X 

• yj 

. ij pair 
. j barell 

• "j 



' 'A treeless pad or pallet without cantle.' (Halliwell.) 

^ It will be noticed that the number of halberds with ' blak 

helves ' corresponds with the number of halberds ' of the forest of 

Devon ' on pp. 99, 104, 121. 



ii8 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



ffelling axes 
Heggebill . 
Irenwerk . 
Bowstringes 

XX 

Gardtramelles iiijxviij in 

Crowe of iren 

Spayres 

Dryhides . 

Horsharnes 

Gynne rope with an hoke of iren 

Skrew rope 

Hawser for the Robenett 

Slyng ropes 

Hawsers for warp ropes 

Cressett staves . 

Marespikes 

Cartropes . 

Hakbusses. 

Coton file . 

Gardtramelles . 

Gilt halberdes . 

Whit halberdes . 



chest marked with xx 
. X barelles 

. a drifatt 

• J 

• vj 

. XV 
. X 

j 
j 
j 

y 

u 

j 

ij 

j bundell 
j fatt 
1 



xviij 



in a chest 



The Barbara of London 



Bowes 

Arowes 

Candell 

Tallowe 

Horshoue 

Horscombes 

Cartclowtes 

dise of Iren 

Billes 
nailes 
Storechestes 



ix chestes iij bowes & ij broken 
xxix chestes iiij shefes 
viij chestes 
iiij barelles 
viij chestes 
j chest 
iij chestes 
xxvj baskettes 

XX 

ccciiijxix 
j chest 
j chest 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



119 



The Christopher of Barton ^ 



Bowes .... 
Arowes .... 

Billes .... 

Bowstringes . 

Horsharnes without halters 

Mattokkes and picases . 

lanternes 

Cartropes 

Dise of iren . 

Extrees spare 

Barowes 

Tallowe 

Store 

Casting Caltraps 



xiiij chestes 
xxxij chestes 

zx 

Dccciiijiiij 
ij barelles 

XX 

xlix 
iij dd ix 

1!J 

iij baskettes 
iiij 

vj 

j bareil 
xj chestes 
j firken 



The Antony of London 



Bowes 

Arowes . 

Spades and shovilles 

Scopes 

Mattokkes & picases 

latescaltraps 

Horsharnes 

ffarecartes 

Rammers for gonnes 

Charging Ladelles . 

Curtowe of brasse with her double Apperell 

except a pair wheles left at Newcastell 
Shot of iren for the same . 
Shot of ston for the same , 
Horsharnes for farecartes . 
ffaucon of brasse with her appareill . 



y 



vj chestes iiij shefes 
XX dd 
xxiij 
c 

XXX 

xix 

iij 
"j 
U 

ii 

1 

xij 

j 



Barton-on-Humber 



I20 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



The Trinity Everyngham 



Bowes . 

Arowes 

Billes . 

Cartropes 

Lanternes 

Shovilles and spades 

Stelespades . 

Heggebilles . 

Cressettes . 

Iran .... 

Bowstringes . 

Gonnepoudre 

Horsharnes without halters 

moldes for pellettes 

pellettes of lede 

Hakbusses . 

Dise of iren . 

Barowes . . 

Leede . 

Serpentyne of brasse with her apparell 

except a pair of lymors broken . 
ffaucons of brasse with their apparell 
Casting caltraps .... 
Paving rammes .... 



XXX chestes xij bowes & j broken 
Ixij chestes [ij] x shefes 

"^ 1 • 
ccxlvj 

vj dd ix 

xxxj dd 

ij dd ix 

cxiiij 

xxiiij 

cix endes 

vij barelles 

xxiij barelles 

XX 

iiij baskettes 
iiij baskettes 
lix 
j baskett 

iij peces 



J 

ij 

j firken 

iiij 



Deliuered in to the said Tour of London by 
Philip Loker in 



Gonnepoudre 



vj barelles 



Also by Thomas ffauconer in 
Gonnepoudre 



vj barelles 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



121 



Somme of almanner ordinances retorned 
& deliuered into the said toure of London that 
is to say 



Bowes 



Ixxix chestes Ixv bowes iiij broken 



Arowes 

Bowstrynges 

Spayres and demy launces 

Marespikes 

Billes 

Stakes for the feld . 

[Gilt 
Halberdes • vngih 

of the forest 



cciiijx chestes xxxvj shefes 
xxxiiij barelles 
. Dcix 



latescaltraps 
Casting cahraps 
Scaling ladders , 



Gardtra- 
melles 



Stakes 
Nettes 



Gonnes , 
calde " 



'. Bumbardelles of brasse 
Curtowes of brasse 
Demy curtowes of brasse 
Serpentynes of brasse . 
Serpentynes of Iren . 
ffaucons of brasse 
Hakbusses of iren 

Rammers of tre for Grete gonnes 

Charging ladelles 

Gonnepoudre . 

Saltpeter . 

Brymstone in floure 

Colepoudre 

Vinacre 

Iren . 
Ston . 
Leede 



. m' mjij 
. iiij^blxxiiij 
. v^'ccccl 
. 1 

. cxlv 
. Ix 
. ccxxiij 
. j barell di 
. xlviij 
ccccxxx stakes 
iij drifattes ij paire xv nettes 



U 

"J 
x 

iiij 
J 

XVJ 

c: 



Gonne- 
shot of 



. xxj 
. Ixxviij 
iiij lastes j barell j firken 
. xiij last 
Ixxvij demy barelles 
. vj last iij barelles 
. ij hoggshedes 
. iij'^Dxxvj 
. m' Dcxxxiij 
. XXX baskettes 



122 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Dise of iren for pellettes 






. xlj baskettes 


Shipping crane with her raysing gynne j 


Lading gynnes ij 


Skrewes . 








• j 


Wilkyn rammes 








• iij 


paving rammers 








• vj 


Betelles . 








. XX 


Colpresses 








. X 


Mattokkes & picases 








. m' Ixxiiij 


Spades and Shovilles 






ij°^Dcciiijviij 


Crowes of iren . 






. Ixxv 


Scopes 








. ccxl 


Cressettes . 








. Ixxvij 


Lanternes . 








. cciiijiij 


Standard Shaftes 








X 


Cressett staves . 








XX 

iiijviij 


Sithes 








. xij 


Cikles 








. clxiiij 


Balances . 








iij pair 


Moldes for pellettes 








iiij baskettes 


Gryndstones 








y 


Heggebilles 








. ccxxxiiij 


ffelling axes 








xliij 


Iren . 






iij ton iij qrs j lb 


Leede 






ij sowes vij peces 


Chenes of iren . 






. xlvj 


Stokkes . 








j pair 


ladders 








inj 


pavesses for Hakbusses 






. Ixxj 


Trestelles for Hakbusses 






. Ixxij 


Tanned hides . 






. xix 


Cressett light . 






. xvj baskettes 


Tallowe . 






. XV barelles 


Leder bagges . 






xxvj 


Plates for charging ladelles 




vij doubles , 


Wire 








. ij bundelles 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



123 



Ropes 
cald 



Mantelles . 
Tampons for gonnes 
Leder hungry . 
Barowes for shott 
Anfeld . 
Bukhorne . 
Smyths bellowes 
Tymbre . 
Barres of iren . 
Strajces for cartes 

Cartropes 

Hawsers 

Crane ropes 

Gynne ropes 

Haliers 

Slyng ropes 

[Skrewe ropes 
GaffoUes of Iren 
Tentes an hale & a pavilion 
/Candell 

Smythes toles 

Carpenters toles . 

Whelers Toles . 

Gardtramell stuffes 

Store for cranes & gynnes 

Horshoue . 

Horscombes 

Cartclowtes 

Nailes 

Irenewerk . 
.fifetters 

(ffare cartes . 
Close cartes for gonnepoudre 
Cartes with tillettes for 

gonneshot 
Cart without rathes for the 
Kynges chymney . 



Store- 
chestes 
with 



Cartes 
cald 



xij^'c 
xvj hides 
xxxviij 

J 

J. 

ij pair 

xiiij plankes 

xxj 

XXV 

XX 

ccciiijiij 
xxiij 

iij 

j... 
viij 

% 

vij 

U 

XX chestes 

iij chestes 

vj chestes 

iij chestes 

j chest 

ij chestes 

viij chestes 

j chest 

j chest 

iij chestes 

ij chestes 

j chest 

xij 

vij 

viij 



124 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Wheles jShodd 
in store I Bare . 
Lymoures . 
Extrees 

I'Bumbardelles 



Hors- 
harnes 
for 



uy pair 
xiiij pair 
XXXV pair 
xlvij 

XXV 



Curtowes & demy curtowes cxxxiiij 



Grete serpentynes 

Small serpentynes 

.ffaucons & Cartes 
Traices 

Grete hopes of iren . 
Beddes for small faucons 
Chymney of iren 
Tugges ... 
Coper of broken faucons xxxj peces 
containing . . . . . 



cccljMitsadell^ 
lakking Ivij 
halteres 
ex pair 

nij 

J 

ij basketts 



m' di c V lb 



And here ensueth the third part of the 
aforesaid viewe wherby aswell the somne of 
all maner ordinances lakking of the Aforesaid 
Shipping and Receiptes of ordinances in the 
said voiage As the particuler deliuerees em- 
ployments expenses and losses of the same 
doth appiere in forme following That is to Say 

Somne of almaner ordinances not retorned & 
lakking of the aforesaid shipping & Receiptes That is 
to say 

Bowes .... XXX chestes xlv bowes 
Bowestringes . . . . . ix barelles 
Arowes .... xlv chestes xiiij shefes 
Spaires and demy launces . . . clij 
Marespikes ..... M'lviij 

* It cannot be positively determined whether this word should 
read mit-, ant-, or autsadell, but it is the ' cart sadell ' of pp. 86 
and 117, as that is the only saddle occurring in the lists. The 
sentence is obscure ; it should perhaps read, ' 350 lacking 57 
halters ; one mitsadell.' 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



125 



Halberdes .... 

Billes 

Stakes for the feld , 

''Curtowe of brasse 
Demy curtowe of brasse 
Serpentynes of brasse . 
ffaucons of brasse 
.Hakbusses of iren 

Rammers for gonnes 

Charging ladelles 



Gonnes 
cald 



Gonnepoudre 
Sallpeter in flour 



besides v 



Brymston in flour 
Colepoudre 

flren . 



Gonne- 
shot of 



Ston . 

Leede 
Gardtra- (Nettes 
melles (Stakes 
Levers 
Colpresses 
Mattokkes & picases 
Crowes of iren . 

Spades & shovilles 

Scopes 

Cressettes 

Lanternes . 

Cikles 

Cresset staves . 

Balaunces . 

Heggebilles 

ffelling axes 

Sponges . 



M'DCXVJ 

iij^'ccl 
J 

y 

xvj 
xxxvj 

iiij 

xliij 
ij lastes vij barelles di j firken ^ 
iiij barelles 
\yasted in fining of vj""' lb 
iij di barelles ^ 
v barelles 
cclij 

XX 

xj baskettes 

xliij 

xlj 

xij 

xliij 

cxlvj 

j 

zx 

cccciiijxvj 

xlviij 

xvj 

XX 

iiijxij 
xxxij 

iij pair 

xj 

xiiij 

Iviij 



* Two lasts, seven and a half barrels, one firkin. 
2 Three half barrels. 



126 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Iren 



Ij endes containing m'c iijqrs 



Tresstelles of hakbusses 


. viij 


Pavesses for the same 


. ix 


Cressett light . 


. j baskett 


Tallowe . 


. j barell 


leder bagges 


. xiiij dd ij 


plates for charging ladelles 


. j double & 




xviij blak plates 


Mantell . 


• j 


Barowes for gonneshot 


. xij 




Candell 


. vj chest 


Store- 


Canuas 


. j chest 


chestes - 


Store for the Countinghows j chest 


with 


Paper & coton file . . j chest 




jokkes 


. ij chestes 


Tymbre . 


. ccxlvijpeces 




Hawsers 


. iij 


Ropes 


[Cranerope . 


• j] 


cald 


Cart ropes . 


. [Ij] xxxvij 




Ropes for barowes . . xl 


Cartes 


ffare cartes . 


. vj 


cald 


Cartes for shot 


. iij 




ffor Curtowes 


. XXV 


\Anvc 


Demy curtowes 


. xxxviij 


jnorb- 


for Serpentynes 


• xij 


liCLl llC^O 


ffor faucons 


. xxxvj 




.Traices 


. V pair 


Extrees 


. 


• xij 



Deliuerees of part of the said ordinaunces not 
retorned to sundrie persons That is to say 

Deliuered to my Lord Steward being in the ffrith 
out of the ship cald the Dauy of Sandwich 

Cressettes. . . . . . ij 

Stakes for the feld .... m'ccI 

Tallowe candell ... . j chest 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



127 



►ccxlvij peces 



Deliuered to William Pawne without Indenture 
afor the comyng of the Kynges Army to Berwik 

Lokkes ...... ij chestes 

Tymbre that is to say 1 peces out of \ 

the Barbara of Suthwold ; Ixiiij 

peces out of the Peter Coseth ; Ixx 

peces out of the Katerine of Al- 

burgh ; and Ixiij peces out of the 

Fortune of Alburgh inall 

Candell iiij chestes 

Fare cartes . . . . • vj 
Horsharnesse for the same . . vjdraughtes 

Deliuered to the same William Pawne 

by Indenture by vertue of the Kinges letters 

Curtowe of brasse . . . . j 

Spare wheles bare for the same . . ij payr 

Shot of iren for the same . . . cxxv 

Charging ladelles for the same . . j 

Rammer for the same . . • J.. 

Cartes with tillettes for shot . . iij 

Spare beddes for the said Curtowe . j 

Carthorsharnes for the same . . xxv 

Demy curtowes of Brasse . . • U. 

Shot of iren for the same . . . cij 

Shot of stone for the same . . xx 

Charging ladelles for the same . . iij 

Rammers for the same . . .iij 

Spare beddes for the same . . ij 

Spare wheles shodd . . . • ij P^^f.. 

Horsharnes for the same . . • xxxviij 

Small Serpentines of brasse . . ij 

ffaucons of brasse . . • • xj 

Pellettes of leede xxxvj iiij vj cclxxij 

ccinjx in iiij baskettes 

charging ladelles for serpentynes . iij 



128 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Horsharnes for serpentines . 


. xij 


Horsharnes for faucons . 


. xxxvj 


Gonnepoudre 


. xvij barell es 


slates for charging ladelles . 


. ij dd di 


anternes .... 


. xxiij 


Cressettes .... 


X 


Tallowe .... 


j barell 


Cressett Light 


j baskett 


BiUes 


. cccclxxj 


Marespikes .... 


ccxlj 


Bowes 


viij chestes 


Arowes 


vij chestes 


Bowstringes 


j barell 


Spades and Shovilles 


xxvj dd ix 


Scopes 


xxxv 


Mattokkes & picases 


Ixxv 


Extrees 


xij 


Lading gynne with ij robenetes 


j 


Mantell with apparell 


j 



In thandes of Hugh ffouresse ciiijix elles 
canuas a reame of paper roiall j reame & vij quires 
of small paper & x lb of coton file in a chest 
receyued of the Anne of Conk at Newcastell & 

XX 

iiijxij elles canuas & j reame of small paper in another 
chest receyued of Robert Wilson in the tour of 
London forasmuch as the same chestes were shipped 
by William ffouresse and cald 



The Countinghows 
Canuas . 



j chest 
j chest 



Solde at Berwick to Stephen BuU^ for xx^ charged 
upon Philip Loker in his boke of parcelles in his 

' Captain of the Armytage in this expedition. In 1489, 
Stephen Bull fought an unsuccessful action on his own 
account against some Scotch ships under the command of 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



129 



accompt of the conduct of ordinances in the Kynges 
Army ayenst the Scottes 

Candell j chest 

Employd apon the Newe making of a last of 
gonnepoudre wett in saltwater 

Salpetre in flour . . . . dc lb 
Brymston in flour . . ccc lb 

Colepoudre .... cccc lb 

Expent at the taking of the Tour of Aiton in 
Scotland with other piles ^ there 

ffaucons of Brasse broken wherof 

the metell is answerd in the 

first part of this viewe . . v 
Hakbusses of iren . . . 
Shot of Iren for demy curtowes 

besides viij recouerd 
pellettes of lede for serpentines 
pellettes of lede for faucons and 

Hakbusses m'cx in 
Shot of iren for curtowe . 
Serpentine poudre with ij ba- 
rdies brent in the botom of 

the Tour of Aiton for thespedy 

ouercasting of the same 
Trestelles for hakbusses 
Pavesses for hakbusses 
Charging ladelles 
Sponges . 
Betelles . 
Levers 



xij 

xxiiij 

1 in a baskett 

vj baskettes 
J 



xj barelles j firkin 

yiij 

ix 

xxxiiij 
xxxij 
viij 
vj 

Sir Andrew Wood. In 1491 he was captain of the King's ship 
Le Prise. He was subsequently knighted, and acted as a captain 
of men-of-war during the early years of Henry VIII. ; he was, by 
that king, also appointed porter and gunner of Carisbrooke Castle, 
for life. . ' Peels, border towers. 

K 



I30 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Colpresses 

Crowe of iren . 

Hegge billes 

ffelling Axes 

Mattokkes & picases 

Spades and Shovilles 

Iren spent in making of barres 
for extrees and other Irenwerk 
employd upon Grete orde- 
nances Ij endes containing 

Barowes broken in bairing of 
shott in landing and shipping 
of the same . 

Ropes for the same 

Cartropes . 

Hawsers . 

Cressett staves 



nij 
J 

xiiij 
Ixxj 
cxx 



m'c iij quarters ^ 



xij 

xl 

[Ij] xxxvij 

J 



Taken by the host and rauenously dispoiled 
upon Halidon Hill in Scotland the Kyng of Scottes 
beying in sight redy to yif batell and at the breking 
up of the Army That is to say 

Spaires and demy launces 

Marespikes 

Stakes for the feld 

Bowes 

Arowes 

Bowstringes 

Billes 

Gardtramell nettes 

Gardtramell stakes 

Serpentyne poudre taken by the 
gonners in their bagges by 
clayme of duty out of v j 
broken half barelles . . cccc lb 



cxx 

DCCC 
Jjml 

xxj chestes 

xxxviij chestes 

V barelles 

m'Ix 

xliij 

xxij 



' Eleven cwt. and three quarters of a cwt. 



THE SCOTCH WAR 



131 



Bagges of leder 

Cressettes .... 

Lanternes .... 

Cikles ..... 

Paper & coton file except j 
bundell of coton retorned 
charged in the secund part 
of this viewe 

Sponges .... 



xxvj 

"j 

xlv 

xviij 



j chest 
xiiij 



Lost in a ship cald the Marie Orford in shipping 
outward by occasion of a leke falling in the same 
besides ordinances wett and destroyed by the same 
That is to say 



Bowstringes . 

Billes .... 


. iij barelles 
• "j 


Marespikes . 
Hakbusses of iren 


. X 

. j 


Gonnepoudre 
Charging ladelles . 
Spades and shovilles 
Cressettes 


. j barell di 

. xvj 
• j 


Cressett staves 


• j 



And lost besides all the premisses in shipping 
landing & bowsing within the tyme afore expressed 
That is to say 



Bowes .... 
Arowes. 


xxxj 

xiiij shefes 


Spaires and demy launces 
Marespikes . 
Whit halberdes 


xxxij 
xvij 

V 


Billes .... 
Gardtramell stakes 


iiijv 
xix 


Hakbusses . 
Saltpeter 


. xxiij 
j barell 



K 2 



132 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Colepoudre 

Levers .... 


j barell 
viij 


Colpresses 

Spades and Shovilles 


xxxix 
xxxix 


Scopes .... 
Lanternes 


xiij 

XXV 


Cikles . . ., . . 


xiiij 


Sponges .... 

Leder bagges . 

Anfeld .... 


xij dd 

j 


Extrees .... 


xlv 


Doubles for charging ladelles 


j 



This boke conteyneth xxxvj writon lefes 

Item deliuered with the same a Roll of the 
shipping of ordenances to Berwik 

Item a quair^ of Robert Wilsons hand of the 
landing of ordenances fro [Berk] Berwik 

Item a bill of the variance bitwene John Smyth 
& Robert Wilson of the landing of ordenances 

Item ix billes & indentures and a quair con- 
teynirtg [ix lefes] iij lefes written apon a file 



' Quire, pamphlet, or book. 



AUGMENTATION OFFICE BOOK 

No. 316 



The Kynges Shyppes 

Here ensue the parcells of thaccompte of Robert 
Brygandyne To whom it hath pleased the Kyng by 
his letters patentes ondre his grete scale beryng date 
the xix"" day of May the x"* yere of hys reigne To 
graunt thoffice of keper or clarke of hys Shippes 
within hys realme of England And elles where the 
Tenor of which letters patentes ensue in theis wordes 
Henry by the grace of God King of England & 
France & Lord of Ireland to all to whom these 
present letters shall come Greeting Know ye that 
We in consideration of the good & faithful service 
which our beloved Robert Brygandyne hath daily 
discharged towards Us and doth not desist from 
discharging of Our special grace have granted and 
by these presents do grant to the said Robert the 
office of Keeper or Clerk of Our ships within Our 
realme of England or elsewhere & that he be Keeper 
or Clerk of our ships within Our realm of England & 
elsewhere as long as it shall be Our pleasure To have 
& to occupy the aforesaid office to the said Robert 
by himself or by his sufficient deputy And moreover 
We grant to the said Robert twelve pence per day 
for his wages in the office aforesaid & six pence per 
day for the wages of a clerk under him in the said 
office as William Comersale lately having & occupy- 
ing the office aforesaid had & took in the same To 
have & to take annually to the same Robert as well 



136 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

the said twelve pence per day for himself as the said 

six pence per day for the said clerk under him in the 

said office as is aforesaid as long as it shall be Our 

pleasure of any Customs & Subsidies in the ports of 

the townships of Exon & Dertmouth or in either of 

them forthcoming or growing by the hands of the 

Collectors or Customers of the said Customs and 

Subsidies in the ports aforesaid or in either of them 

for the time being together with all other profits 

jurisdictions commodities & emoluments to the said 

office due belonging or appertaining And whereas 

certain causes & considerations specially moving Us 

We have assigned and appointed the said Robert to 

ride as well concerning the provision & emption of 

all stuff & necessaries for Our ships aforesaid to be 

provided as for the taking providing and arresting 

any ships in whatsoever ports and places of Our 

realm of England as often as necessity or cause on 

this behalf shall require of Our special grace aforesaid 

have granted & by these presents do grant to the 

said Robert three shillings per day for every day oh 

which the said Robert concerning such provision & 

emption or for the taking providing and arresting 

any such ships as is aforesaid shall happen to ride 

from the customs & subsidies aforesaid in the said 

ports of Exon and Dertmouth or in either of them 

forthcoming or growing by the hands of the Collectors 

or Customers of the said Customs & Subsidies there 

for the time being And moreover We will and by 

these presents do grant that the said Robert from 

time to time & from year to year as long as it shall 

be Our pleasure the oath being taken by the said 

Robert or by his sufficient deputy or deputies in Our 

Chancery as many days in any such year the said 

Robert shall have ridden concerning the provision 

& emption of the necessaries aforesaid or concerning 

the taking providing or arresting any ships may have 



BRYGANDYNE'S PATENT i2,7 

as many and such Our writs of livery to the Collectors 
or Customers aforesaid for the time being directed 
& to be directed specifying in them the number of 
such days for the payment of the said three shillings 
per day for every day there upon to the said Robert 
to be made as well wrets of allowance to the Treasurer 
& barons of Our Exchequer directed & to be directed 
for the allowance of the said three shillings to him 
to be made as to the said Robert shall be necessary 
and opportune And We will and grant that Our 
Chancellor of England for the time being upon the 
sole exhibition of these Our letters patent the oath 
as aforesaid by the said Robert or his sufficient 
deputy in Our Chancery being taken may cause to 
be made and directed so mony & such writs as for 
the said Robert from time to time as is aforesaid 
shall be necessary & opportune without any other 
our warrant or mandate on this behalf had or prose- 
cuted although express mention of other grants & 
concessions to the said Robert before this time made 
is not made in these presents. Or any statute act 
ordinance or provision made issued or provided 
notwithstanding In witness whereof We have caused 
to be made these Our letters patent Witness Ourself 
at Westminster xix'*" day of May the tenth year ^ of 
Our reign That is to say Aswell of all maner 
sommes of money by the said Robert Brygandyne 
his deputies or seruauntes by way of preste at the 
Receipte of the Kinges Eschequier by vertue of 
seuerall warrantes of our seid soueraigne Lorde the 
Kynges or otherwise hade or receyued as of almaner 
paymentes by hym his seid deputies or seruauntes 
made Aswell for and vppon the Reparaling fortyfying 
& amendyng the dokke for the Kynges shippes at 
Portesmouth makyng of the gates & fortifying the 

* 1495. The portion in modern English is a translation of the 
Latin of the patent. 



138 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

hede of the same dokke as for the Reparacion 
Rygging Apparalyng Kepyng and Amendyng of 
diverse & soundrie shippes of our seid soueraigne 
lorde the Kynges & provision of takle & apparell 
for the same with the seuerall acomptes of stuff takle 
& apparell ordinances Artillarie and Abillamentes 
of Warre to the Kynges shippes the Kynges house 
cald the Blokkehouse or the Kynges dokke at 
Portesmouth in eny maner wyse belongyng or 
apperteynyng ffrom the ffyrst day of May in the x* 
yere of our seid soveraigne lorde Kyng Henry the 
vij"" which day the seid Robert Brygandyne by 
vertue of our seid soueraigne lord the kynges hith 
and dradde commaundmente by mouth ffyrst exer- 
cised entred and occupied the seid office of the 
Clarke of the Kynges shippes vnto the xix'*" day of 
the same moneth nexte ensuying which day it pleased 
the Kyng of his especiall grace to graunte vnto the 
seid Robert Brygandyne his letters patent in maner 
& forme aforesaid And so the seid Robert Brygan- 
dyne Accomptyng frome the seid ffyrst day of May 
the seid x"" yere Afore which day William Comersale 
late clerk of our seyd soueraigne lord the Kynges 
shippes is to Accompte vnto the x* day of December 
in the xiij* yere ' of our seid soueraigne lorde the 
Kynges reigne Aswell by vertue of our soueraigne 
lorde the Kynges commaundement as By vertue of 
his letters patent aforesaid That is to say By ij yere 
di ^ And xlj dayes As here after foloweth that is to 
say 

Receiptes of money 

Here ensue the Receiptes of money By the said 
Robert Brygandyne hys deputies or seruauntes in 
any wyse hadde or receyued by vertue of dyuerse 
and soundrie warrauntes of our Soueraigne Lord the 

' 1497- ^ Two and a half years. 



RECEIPTS 139 

Kyng in that behalff dyrected or otherwyse by Reason 
of hys Office within the tyme of this Acompte As 
here after particularly more playnly appereth That 
is to say 

Money receyued of Sir Reignold Bray 
Knyght late Tresorer of Our Soueraigne 
Lorde the Kynges werres 

ffyrst the sayd Robert Brygandyne hath receyued 
of Sir Reignold Bray Knyght late Tresorer of our 
soueraigne Lord y^ Kynges werrys By the handes 
of Thomas Wareley ffor and apon the makyng of 
the dokke for the kynges Shippes at Portesmouth 
By the commaundement of the sayd S"" Reignold 
Bray As by the counterpane of an Indenture beryng 
date the ffyrst day of December the xj'*" yere ^ of the 
reigne of our Soueraigne Lord Kyng Henry the vij"* 
bytwene the sayd Thomas Wareley & Robert Brig- 
andyne therapon made more playnly Appereth 

clxj" ix^ viij'' 

Also receyued of the sayd S' Reignold Bray by 
the handes of William Cope Esquier Coferer of the 
Kynges howsehold By the handes of Richard Lee 
by the commaundement of the said S*^ Reignold Bray 

■XX. 

apon ...... iiijxiiij'' xiiij' vj*^ 

Also the sayd Robert Brygandyne hath receyued 
of the sayd S' Reignold Bray by y' handes of Thomas 
Warelay By vertue of the Kynges Warraunt beryng 
date the secund day of Decembre the xij* yere '^ of 
hys reigne conteyning cccxxv" iiij^ v"^ ob q' to be 
employed Aswell for certeyn reparacions concernyng 
the Kynges Shippe called the Soueraigne As for 
other costes & charges hadde and susteyned for the 
same That is to say ffyrst before the purchasyng of 
the sayd Warraunte by the handes of John Cutte 

1 1495. ^ 1496. 



I40 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

in partie payment of the sayd warraunt And by the 
sayd Thomas Wareley to the sayd John Gutte 
Recompensed and payd As by an Indenture beryng 
date the xiij* day of Marche the xj"" yere ^ of our 
soueraigne Lord Kyng Henry the vij more playnely 
appareth c" Another tyme by the handes of John 
Dawtrie at the Kynges beying at Hampton As by 
an indenture beryng date the xj* day of July the xj**" 
yere ^ of hys reign appereth cxxiij'' xv^ An other 
tyme the xxvj* day of Novembre the xij"' yere ^ of 
hys reigne As by the sayd Indenture appareth 
1" iiij^ viij"^ And by the handes of the sayd Thomas 
Wareley in full contentacion & payment of the said 
warraunte As by an Indenture beryng date the 
day of the . yere* of our soveraigne 

Lord the Kynge appereth Ij" iiij^ ix'* ob q"^ In all by 
vertue of the sayd warraunte amountyng to 

cccxxv" iiij^ v"* ob q' ^ 
Also the sayd Robert Brygandyne hath receyved 
of the said S"' Reignold Bray by the handes of 
Thomas Warely As in money by the sayd Thomas 
Recompensed vnto John Dawtrie ® By the com- 
maundement of the sayd S"' Reignold Bray for 
and vppon the Ryggyng of the Soueraigne afore 
sayd as by an Indenture beryng date the x'^ day of 
Marche the xij"" yere '^ of our Soueraigne Lord Kyng 
Henry the vij"" more playnely Appereth . . 1" 
Also Receyved of the sayd S"^ Reignold Bray 
Knyght by vertue of a warraunte beryng date the 
secunde day of Decembre the xij"" yere ^ of our said 
Soyeraign lorde the Kynges reigne conteyning 
ccP vj' iiij"^ ffor the provision of certeyn Stuff & other 

' 1496. 2 Ibid. 3 ji,i^ 

* Dates left blank in MS. ' 325/. 4^. t,\d. 

^ John Dawtrey was Customer at Southampton ; many of the 
warrants issued for naval expenses were directed to him to be paid 
out of the customs receipts at that port. 

' 1497- * 1496. 



RECEIPTS 141 

thynges for the necessarie apparell of the Soueraigne 
aforesayd That is to say fifyrst by the handes of 

^ As by an Indenture beryng date the thryde 
day of Marche the sayd xij"" yere ^ more playnely 
appereth cxij" ix^ iiij"^ And by the handes of the 
Executors of Sir Rauff Astrie As for money to them 
payd by the handes of Thomas Wareley for the price 
of certeyn Stuff takyll & Appareil necessarie for the 
Soueraigne aforesayd taken owte of the Marie Towre 
& deliuered into the sayd shippe called the Soueraigne 
Amountyng in value Aftyr the praysement of the 
same to cxxxvij" xvij^ as by an Indenture of the 
delyuere of the sayd Stuff And a bill of the Receypte 
of the same money appereth in all by vertue of the 
sayd warraunte amountyng to . . ccP' vj' iiij"* 
Somme of money receyved of Syr Reignold 
Bray Knyght late Tresorer of our soueraigne lord 
y^ Kynges werres As aforesaid 

Dccc iiij j" xiiij^ xj"^ ob q" ^ 

Money receyved of Syr Robert Litton 
Knight nowe Tresorer of our Soveraigne Lord 
the Kynges werres 

Also the sayd Robert Bregandyne hath receyved 
of Syr Robert Litton * Knyght nowe Tresorer of our 
soveraigne Lord the Kynges werres by the handes 
of Thomas Wareley by vertue of a Warraunte of our 
Soveraigne Lord the Kyng beryng date the secunde 
day of Decembre the xij"" yere ^ of hys most noble 
reigne To the sayd Tresorer directed for the pre- 
paring & reparacion with other necessaries for the 
Kynges Riall shippe called the Regent As by the 
sayd warraunte and an Indenture thervppon made 
more playnely Appereth c'' 

1 Left blank in MS. " i497- ' 881/. 14^. \i\d. 

* Of Knebworth, Herts. ^ 1496- 



142 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Also receyved of the sayd Syr Robert Lytton 
by the handes of the sayd [Syr Robert L] Thomas 
Wareley by vertue of a Warraunt beryng date the 
xxij"" day of ffebruary the sayd xij* yere ^ of our 
Soueraigne Lord the Kyng ffor provision to be made 
for cables & Ropes to be prouidyd for the sayd 
Shippe called the Regent As by the sayd warraunt 
and an Indenture thervppon made more playnely 
appereth ........ c'' 

Also receyved of the sayd Syr Robert Lytton by 
the handes of Thomas Stokes by vertue of a War- 
raunte beryng date the last day of ffebruary the sayd 
xij* yere for lyke prouision to be made for the sayd 
Shippe called the Regent As by the sayd warraunt 
and an Indenture thervppon made more playnely 

Appereth ..... cccciiijx" xv^ vj"* 
Also receyved of the said Syr Robert Lytton By 
the handes of the sayd Thomas Wareley by vertue 
of the Kynges Warraunte beryng date the x* day of 
ffebruary the said xij* yere of oure Soueraign Lord 
Kyng Henry the vij'*' for to prepare and doo to be 
made thre Grette botes to serue the Kyng in hys 
grette Armye apon the see anempste the Skottes 
As by the sayd Warraunt & an Indenture thervppon 

XX 

made more playnely appereth . . . ciiij" 
Also receyved of the sayd Syr Robert Lytton 
By the handes of the sayd Thomas Wareley by 
vertue of the Kynges Warraunt beryng date the xj* 
day of ffebruary the xiij*^ yere^ of our soueraigne 
Lord Kyng Henry the vij"" aswell for certeyn stuff 
taken out of a Ship called the Marie Towre & 
employed & put in the Kynges ship called the Regent 
as for Costes & charges by hym hadd & susteyned 
for kepyng of the sayd Ship called the Regent with 
costes & charges of ffurnyshyng the Kynges ij Berks 

' 1497- ^ 1498. 



TOTAL EXPENDITURE 143 

called the Swapestake & the Marie fifortune and for 
fortifying the dokke hede at Portesmouth And' for 
other costes & charges by the seid Robert doon by 
Reason of hys office as by the sayd warraunt & the 
Counterpayn of the Indenture therppon made more 
playnely appereth . . . cccviij" xiiij^ v** q"^ 

Somme of the money receyved of Syr Robert 
Lytton Knyght tresorer of the Kynges warres 

M'clxxix" ix^ xj"^ q"^ 

Somme Totall of all the Receiptes aforesaid 

m'm'Ixj'' iiij' xj*^ 

Wherof 

Somme Totall of all the costes charges and pay- 
mentes provision & Expences As in this boke ensueth 
That is to sey of 

The dokke the dokke hedde & gates of the same 

XX 

ciiijxiij" vj"^ ob q' 
The Soueraigne with her grete bote and Joly- 

xat 

wet ^ Diiijxv" vj' v"^ 

The costes & charges concernyng the Regent 

m'xHj'' xj^ v^ q 
The costes of the Swapestake . cxx" iij' ij"* 

The Marye ffortune .... ex" xvij' 
And so the seid Robert Brygandyne Restith in 

Surplusage xiij= viij-^ 

Costys of the Dokke for the Kynges 
Shippes at Portesmouth 

Here ensue the paymentes made by the said 

Robert Brigandyn Aswell for the wages & vitayle 

of diuerse & soundrie Carpenters Sawyers Smythes 

laborers Courtemen with their horse & other worke- 

1 JoUyboat. 



144 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

men laboryng & workkyng abourt the fortyfying 
Reparalyng amendyng. & fynyssyng of the dokke 
for the iCynges Shippes at Portesmouth as for provi- 
sion of Tymbre yron Stone Claye & other Stuft 
necessarie Behouffull and aperteynent for the same 
worke ffrom the xiiij* day of Juyn the x'*" yere ^ of 
the reigne of our sowaigne lorde Kyng Henry the 
vij''^ vnto the xxix'' day of Novembre the xj"" yere ^ 
of hys most noble Reigne By the space of xxiiij 
wekes within the tyme of this Accompte As here 
after ensueth That is to say 

Wages of workemen & other laborers 
The ffyrst weke endyng the xxj'" day of Juyn 

ffyrst the sayd Robert Bregandyn hath payd ffor 
the wages of soundrie workmen & laborers ensuying 
That is to say Carpenters v : — ffyrst To Robert 
Denny maister Carpenter at vj'' by the day — ij^ & iij 
other carpenters ych of them at iiij"^ by the day for 
iiij dayes — iiij^ And to John Shott at iiij** by the day 
for ij dayes di x"* — vj^ x"^ ; Sawyers, : — To Thomas 
Honer and Richard Duke ffor iiij dayes ych of them 
at iiij d by the day — ij^ viij'' ; Laborers xxxviij : — To 
iij laborers ych of them at iij"* by the day ij of them 
by iiij dayes ij^ & the other by iij dayes di — x"^ ob — ^ 
ij^ x"^ ob ; To xix other laborers ych of them at ij"* by 
the day xviij of them by iiij dayes — xij^ & the other 
by iij dayes di — vij"* — xij' vij"* ; And to xvj other 
laborers ych of them at xij'^ for the weke — xvj^ Also 
for the wekes wages of John Nest Surveyor of the 
sayde worke iij" in all Amountyng to . xliij' xj"* ob 

> Both 1495 ; the date of the king's accession, it will be 
remembered, was August 22. 

2 One man working for three and a half days at threepence 
a day — tenpence halfpenny. 



PORTSMOUTH DOCK 145 

Vitayle 
Also payd for the Bourde & Vitayle of the sayd 
xlvj personnes aforesaid ffor the sayd weke yche of 
them Takyng xij"^ ob by the weke amountyng to 

xlvij' xj"* 
Wages of Courtemeii 
Also payed in likewyse for the hyre & wages of 
V courtemen ^ ych of them with hys ij horse careying 
stuff to the said dokke by the space of iij dayes di 
euery man takyng by the day for hys selff ij'^ & for 
euery horse ij"^ which amounteth in all to . viij' ix'* 

Vitayle 

Also payed in likewyse for the bourde & vitayle 
of the sayd v personnes ych of them takyng after 
the rate of xij"* ob by the Weke for the said iij dayes 
di amountyng to . . . . • ij' vij^ q' 

Rewardes 

Also payed to v of the workemen aforeseyd of 
Reward Toward their costes comyng owte of Kent 
To the Kynges worke At the sayd dokk to euery of 
them xvj'' ....... vj^ viij"* 

Cariage of Tymbre 

Also payed to Thomas Stutler & John Keyte for 
cariage of xlix lode of Tymbre owte of the Wode 
called the Hurst vnto the said dokke After xl fote 
to the lode takyng for euery lode cariage xij"^ 
amountyng to ..... . xlix' 

Somme of the ffirst wekes expenses 

vij" xviij' x"^ ob q"" 

' Court, a particular sort of cart {New Eng. Diet). Godefroy 
{Diet, de Vancienne langue Fratifaise) describes cort or eourt as 
a small plot of agricultural land, and notes the word as chiefly 
used in Picardy, which would explain its emigration to England. 
Courtemen, therefore, may here mean agricultural labourers rather 
than cartmen in the modern sense. 



146 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

The Secounde weke endyng the xxviij" 
day of Juyn Wages of workemen and other 
laborers 

Also payed in likewyse for the wages of soundrie 
workemen & laborers ensuyng That is to say Car- 
penters vij : — fyrst to Robert Denny Maister Car- 
penter at vj"^ by the day ij^ & vj other Carpenters 
ych of them at iiij** by the day for iiij dayes viij^ — x^ ; 
Sawyers To Thomas Honer & Richard Duke ych 
of theym at iiij'' by the day for iiij dayes — ij^ viij^ ; 
Courtemen To viij courtemen ych of them with hys 
ij horse takyng by the day euery man for hym selff 
ij'^ & for his ij horse iiij'' for iiij dayes xvj^ ; Laborers 
xxxvj To iij laborers ych of them at iij'' by the day 
ij of them by iiij dayes & the thyrde by iij dayes di 
x'' ob — ij^ x'' ob ; To xij other laborers xj of them by 
iiij dayes ix^ ij^ & the xij* by iij dayes di ych of them 
at ij'' ob by the day — ix^ x"* ob ; To vj other laborers 
by iiij dayes ych of theym at ij'' by the day iiij= and 
to XV other laborers ych of them at xij'' for the sayd 
wekes wages — xv= ; And to John Nest Surveyor 
of the sayd worke for his wekes wages iij^ in all 
amountyng to . . . . . . Ixiij^ v'' 

Vitayle 

Also payed in likewyse for the Bourde & Vitayle 
of the sayd liiij personnes for the sayd Weke ych of 
theym takyng xij^ ob by the weke . . Ivj^ iij'' 

Cariage of Tymbre 

Also payed to Thomas Stubler & John Keyte 

for cariage of xxxij" lode di of Tymbre owte of a 

wode called the Hurst to the said dokke after xl fote 

to the lode takyng for euery lode cariage xij"" 

amountyng to xxxij' vj'' 

Somme of the secounde wekys expencys 

vij" xij' ij^ 



PORTSMOUTH DOCK 147 

The iij'^"' weke endyng the ffyfte day of July 
Wages of workemen & other laborers 

Also payed in likewyse for the wages of soundrie 
workmen and laborers ensuyng That is to say 
Carpenters fyrst to Robert Denny Maister Carpenter 
at vj'' by the day ij= & to xj other Carpenters ych of 
them at iiij"* by the day By iiij dayes xiiij' viij"* — 
xvj' viij"* ; Sawyers to Thomas Honer And Richard 
Duke By iij dayes ych of them At iiij"^ by the day — 
ij^ ; laborers : — to viij laborers by iiij dayes ych of 
them At iij"* by the day — viij' And to John Watkyn 
laborer for his wekes wages — xij"* and to John Nest 
Surveyor of the sayd worke for this wekes wages — 
iij'' in all amountyng to . . . . xxx' viij*^ 

Vitayle 

Also payed in likewyse for the Boorde & vitayle 
Aswell of xxij" personnes aforeseyd ych of theym by 
the space of a weke xxij' xj** as of the ij sawyers ych 
of theym by the space of iij dayes x"* ob q' euery man 
takyng after the Rate of xij"* ob by the weke 

xxiij' ix^ ob q"^ 
Rewardes 

Also payed to v workmen of Reward for their 
Costys comyng owte of Kent to the Kynges worke 
at the seyd dokke to ych of theym xvj"^ of Reward 
amountyng to . . . . . . vj' viij^ 

Also payed in likewyse to viij workemen of a 
rewarde geven to theym towardes their costes goyng 
homeward into Kent which with other hade taken 
the sayd dokke in grete of Mayster Shyrborne & 
after putt awey Tyll euerych of them by the 
Commaundement of the sayd Maister Shirborne of 
Rewarde ij' amountyng to ... . xvj' 

Somme of the iij"** wekes expences 

Ixxvij' j'^ ob q"^ 

L 2 



148 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Wages of workemen & other laborers ^ 





Number 










— 


of men 
at work ' 




Wages 


Victualling 


Total 






£ 


S. d. 


£ X. -/. 


£ s. d. 


4th week . 


43 


2 


2 2\ 


I 10 


5 I 6i' 


5th week . 


44 


2 


15 3 


I 15 5 


4 10 8 


6th week . 


32 


I 


6 9i 


I I ii| 


2 8 9i 
6 16 i^ 


7th week . 


44 


3 


10 8 


2 I II 


8th week . 


56 


5 


I 5i 


2 18 4 


7 19 95 


gth week . 


S8 


3 


10 7 


305 


6 II 


loth week . 


60 


5 


9 4 


326 


8 II 10 


nth week . 


57 


4 


6 7 


2 19 4i 


7 5 "i 


1 2 th week . 


52 


4 


II 


2 14 2 


8 II 8^ 


13th week . 


52 


3 


9 


2 14 2 


632 


14th week . 


51 


3 


14 I 


2 13 I2 


672^ 


15th week . 


21 


i; 


8 II 


18 io| 


2 7 9f 


1 6th week . 


28 


2 


5 7 


192 


3 14 9 


17th week . 


27 


2 


3 9i 


164 


3 10 li 
2 10 ii| 


1 8th week . 


21 


I 


9 I 


I I 10^ 


19th week . 


24 


2 


4 


I 5 


3 5 4 


20th week . 


25 


I 


12 10 


I 3 2I 


2 16 of 


2 1 St week . 


33 


2 


9 2 


I 14 4i 


4 3 6^ 


22 nd week . 


32 


2 


II 7 


I 13 4 


4 4 II 


23rd week . 


28 


2 


5 7i 


192 


3 14 9| 

3 18 4^ 


24th week ^. 


28 


2 


5 7i 


192 



Somme of all the expences by the xxiiij wekes aforesaid : cxxiiij" ii' iij* ob. 

' As the remaining twenty-one weeks are chiefly repetitions of 
the same general payments, only differing in the totals, it has been 
considered unnecessary to print them in detail. They are, there- 
fore, abstracted in the text, but the ' reward ' for the fourth week 
is printed in full. 

* Not always for the whole week ; some were only employed 
for a certain number of days out of the working week. 

^ Including i/. ds. 6d. for the carriage of timber, and 12s. for 
a 'reward.' 

* Including il. y. 6d. for the carriage of timber. 
^ Including i/. 6s. 6d. for the carriage of timber. 
^ Ending Nov. 29, 1495. 

' Including a reward of y. 4<f. to seven carpenters going home 
into Kent. 



PORTSMOUTH DOCK 149 

Reward ^ 
Also this weke Maister Bray commaunded 
Robert Brygandyne to take the dokke into his 
handes agayn And theyn the sayd Robert Rode 
into Kent to gette Carpenters Sc'Smythes to comme 
& worke at the sayd dokke which artificers wer not 
willyng to comme except they myght have their 
costes owteward & homeward A gayn & so the 
sayed Robert payed To Robert Donny Thomas 
Cagell Henry Chatfeld & John Padyarn v' & to 
John Baker WilHam West John Crotall Robert 
Crotall & Richard Lucas vij^ for their Costes to 
Portesmouth Amountyng to . . . . xij'" 

Prouision of Stuffe ffor the Dokke that is 
to say of 

Iron. Also the sayd Robert Brygandyn hath 
payed the xj* day of July the x"" yere of our 
soueraigne lord Kyng Henry the vij* To Chris- 
topher Ambros of Hampton for ij Tonne of Yron 
price the Tonne Ixxiiij^ x^ — vij"' ix^ viij'' And for 
weying of the same ij Tonne & careyng of hit to 
the waterside in Hampton viij"* And for ffreght of 
the same yron ffrome Hampton to Portsemouth xvj"* 
So by hym bought occupyed spent employed & 
wroght into boltes barres fforlokkes Rynges clampes 
Spykes Staples & other necessaris ffor the seid 
dokke within the tyme of this Accompt vii" xi' viij*^ 

Also payed inlikewyse to JohnClerkeof Tychefeld 
Maister of Harvy Hawards ship Ship of Hamyll 
commyng owte of Spayne the xxij* day of July the 
seid x* yere ^ for ij tonne of chosyn yron price the 
Tonne iiij'' So of hym bought occupied spent and 
employed Apon necessaries for the seid dokke within 
the tyme of this Accompt .... viij" 

' Entered in the MS. under the fourth week. ' i49S. 



I50 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Stele. Also payed to John Curraunt the !]■*= day 
of August the seid x"" yere for ij Sheffs ^ of Stelle 
price the Sheff vij"* So of hym bought & spent 
Abought amendyng of certeyn necessarie tolys for 
dyuerse workemen workyng At the seyd dokke 
within the tyme of this Accompte . . . xiiij"* 

Iren work. Also the said Robert Brygandyne 
hath payed to Robert a Chamebre Smythe at Portes- 
mouth ffor certeyn yron worke and other stuff 
ensuyng That is to say ffor certyn Spykes of yron 
weying xlij lb — v^ iij** ; Staples & clampes of yroii 
ffor a carte weying xiij lb xix"^ ob ; iij matokes 
weyng xxvj lb iij^ iij^ ; A pykas ^ & ij pyles shoue ^ 
weying xiij lb xviij'' ; xij clowtes ffor cartes weyng 
xiij lb xix*^ ob which parcelles conteyne in weight 
hole to geder v'"' vj lb amountyng after j** ob the lb 
in money to — xiij^ iij"^ ; Also ffor cc clowtenayle price 
the c iiij* — viij'^ ; Shutyng * & Amendyng of v boltes 
occupyed and annexed to the sayd dokke for euery 
pece ij*^ — x*^ ; Also ffor xij grete boltes of yron vij 
with rynges & v playne weyng ccl lb At j'' q" the lb 
xxvj^ ob ; So of hyme bought occupied employed & 
spent About reparacion of the seid dokke & cartes 
ffor cariage of Stuff ffor the same within the tyme 
of this Acompte . . . . . xl^ ix*^ ob 

See Colys. Also payed to William Selyer of 
Redyng the xij day of August the x* yere of our 
Soveraigne lord Kyng Henry the vij* for xviij 
chaldre of See Cole price the Chaldre viij^ — vij" iiij^ 
And ffor the ffreght of the same frome Redyng * vnto 
portesmouth — xviij^ So of hym bought & spent 
Abought workyng the Iren aforesaid within the 
tyme of this Acompte .... viij" ij' 

1 A sheaf of steel contained thirty gads (Hohnshed, Descrip- 
tion of England, Bk. II. ch. xi.) ; the gad does not appear to 
have been a term of weight but meant a small bar or rod. 

^ Pickaxe. ' Possibly shoes for piles. * Welding, cf. p. 228. 

* Redyng, on the river Rother, in Kent, was then a tidal port. 



PORTSMOUTH DOCK 151 

Clovebordes. Also the sayd Robert Brygan- 
dyne hath payed the v* day of Juyn the seid x"" yere 
To ^ late the wyff of John Oxenbrige of 
Brede in Sussex for ccc clouebordes price the c xxvj^ 
viij"* So of hym bought employed & spent abought 
the reparacion of the seid dokke within the tyme of 
this Acompte iiij" 

Wheles for carrys ^ called Cowrtes. Also 
payed the xij*^ day of August the seid x* yere of our 
Soueraigne lord the Kyng to the whelewrightes of 
Havant for vj payer of bare whelys price the payer ij* 
So of iheym bought ffor Cowrtes otherwise called 
Pettes ^ for cariage of Stonys clay & other stuffe to 
the Dokke within the tyme of this Accompt . xij' 

Somme of prouision of Stuff and other necessaries 
for the Dokke aforesaid . . xxx" vij^ vij"^ ob 

Costes of makyng the Gates of the Dokke 
aforesayd 

Here ensue certeyn paymentes made By the seid 
Robert Brygandyne ffor certeyn Costes & charges 
by hym hade made & susteyned aswell abought 
prouision of stuff as ffor the Wages & vitayle of 
soundrie workemen laboryng & workyng abought 
makyng of the gates for closyng the Dokke hede 
togeder frome the secunde day of ffebruary the xj* 
yere * of Souveraigne lord Kyng Henry the vij* vnto 
the xvij day of Apryll next ensuing * By the space 
of xj weekes within the tyme of this Accompte As 
here ensueth. 

Sawynges of plankes. ffryst the seid Robert 
Brygandyne at diuerse tymes within the tyme afore- 

1 Blank in MS. 

^ A small cart on two wheels, a tumbril. 

* From French /eAV. Cf.. entry and note p. 145. It appears 
that the ' courtemen ' brought their own horses and that the carts 
belonged to the government, which points to the men being farm 
labourers or small tenants. 

4 1496. ° Ibid. 



152 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

sayd hath payed ffor sawyng M'M'M'M'Dxxiiij ffote of 
tymbre conteyning cxiij lode iiij ffote ffor plankes 
aswell for the inner as the vtturmost Gates of 
the dokke aforesayd plankyng of the sydes of the 
seid dokke price the c sawyng xiiij"* apon the seid 
dokke & Gates spent occupyed and employed within 
the tyme of this Acompte .... lij^ ix"* 

Ironwerke. Also the seid Robert Brygandyne 
hath payed at diverse tymes for certeyn yren worke 
necessarie for the seid worke That is to say ffyrst 
for m' Carvell nayle ^ price the c vj* — Ix' ; m' Carvell 
nayle price the [c] v^ — P ; Ixv boltes with rynges 
and Styroppes ^ of dyuerse makynges weying dccTxx 
lb At j'^ ob q' the lb — iiij" ij^ ob ; xij spykes weying 
vj lb Roff & clynche nayles xliiij lb di ijcalkyng 
yrons And ij dryfte* pynnes weyng v lb di at j"* q' the lb 
— v^ x^ ; cc spykes — vj^ ; j quarteron of hedyng nayles 
— v"^ ; A payer of Garnettes* with nayles weyng xij"' 
— xv*^ ; ij Staples with iiij Rosses ° weyng xiij lb — 
xvj** q"^ ; amendyng of a payer of Garnettes — viij"^ ; 
Also ffor makyng of a Crowe of yren weying cxv"" — 
vj^ ; In clynche worke Roff & nayle xij"' at j'' q' 
the lb — xv"* ; cc of yj peny nayle — xij'^ ; ccc di of iiij 
peny nayle — xiiij"^ ; Amendyng of viij boltes with 
the fforelokes — xvj"* ; makynge of bolsters^ for the 
dokke hede xvij** ; And for a grete calkyng yron — ij** 
So by hym bought & abought the seid dokkes worke 
occupied spent employed & annexed within the tyme 
of this Acompte Amountyng in all to x" xviij' ob q' 

Pytche Tarre & Sye. Also the seid Robert 
Brjrgandyne hath payed for iij barelles of piche & ij 
barelles of Tarre price the barell iiij' — xx' And for 

1 Long tie nails ; Fr. carvelk. Low Latin, cavilla. Cf. Brayley 
and Britton's Houses of Parliament, p. 113. 

2 Bands. ^ Driving. < T-shaped hinges. 

* Heads hammered into triangular facets. 

* There are several kinds of bolts so called. 



PORTSMOUTH DOCK 153 

Sye and spynnyng of the same ^ — v' So by hym 
bought occupyed employed & spent abought the seid 
worke within the tyme of this Acompte Amountyng 
in all to . . . . . . . xxv^ 

\Arages & vitayles of shipwryghtes. Also 
the seid Robert Brygandyne hath payd at soundrie 
tymes within the seid tyme of xj wekes aforsaid for 
the wages & vitayle of Soundrie & diuerse ship- 
wryghtes laboryng & workyng abought the makyng 
of the seyd Gates that is to say The ffyrst iij wekes 
endyng the xxj" day of ffebruarie the yere aforesayd 
To vij Shipwrightes laboryng by the space of xv dayes 
iij of them takyng viij"* a man by the day — xxx' an 
other at vij"^ by the day — viij^ ix"^ ij other ych of them 
at vj** — xv^ And an other at v"^ by the day — vj' iij"* 
Amountyng to — Ix^ ; The yj other wekes next en- 
suyng endyng the iij*^' day of Aprill the yere afore- 
sayd To viij shipwrightes laboryng & workynge 
by the space of xxviij dayes di within the seid tyme 
iiij of theym takyng viij"^ apece by the day — Ixxvj^ oon 
other at vij"* by the day — xvj^ vij"^ ob ij other ech of 
theym at vj*^ by the day xxviij^ vj"^ And oon other 
at v** by the day xj^ x"^ ob amountyng to vj" xiij' 
And the ij last wekes endyng the xvij day of Aprill 
the yere aforesayd to vij shipwrightes laboryng by 
the space of viij dayes within the same tyme iij of 
theym takyng viij*^ apece by the day — xvj^ An other 
at vij"* by the day iiij^ viij"^ — ij other ych of theym at 
vj"^ by the day — viij' And oon at v** by the day — 
iij^ iiij*^ Amountyng to — xxxij^ ; in all ffor the seuerall 
tymes aforesayd amountyng to . . . xj'' v"* 
Somme of the Costes and Expences of makyng 
the Gates of the Dokke aforsaid . xxvj" ix"* ob q' 

• Some kind of composition ; cf. also infra, p. 292. 
' Spynnyng ' simply means drawing it out into filaments for use. 
Jamieson (Dictionary) defines sie as ' a strip of tarred cloth placed 
between the over laps of a clinker-built boat.' Whether it was a 
composition or a prepared cloth it was doubtless used here for the 
seams of the gate timbers. 



154 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Costes of ffortyfying ^ the Dooke hedde 

Here ensue certeyn paymentes by the seid 
Robert Brygandyn made for & abought certeyn 
Costes & charges hadde doon & susteyned abought 
fortyfying of the Dokke hedde aforesayd ffrome the 
viij"" day of July the xij* yere ^ of our Soueraign lord 
Kyng Henry the vij"" vnto the xxiiij'' day of Septem- 
bre then next ensuyng the xiij"" yere ^ of hys noble 
reigne By the space of xj wekes As here after 
ensueth 

Prouision and ffreight of Stones & Gravell 

ffyrst the seid Robert Brygandyne hath payed 
To William Broke & Robert Harwith of portes- 
mouth and other aswell for cccclxviij ton tyght ^ of 

XX 

grete Rookes ^ and Stones vij" xvj^ As for ciiijxvj 
ton tyght of gravell xxiiij^ vf- by theym conveyed 
with their botes by water ffrome owte of the yle of 
Weight vnto the seid dokke hede At portesmouth 
takyng for euery ton Tyght of Rubbes ^ & Stones 
iiij'^ & of Gravell 'f. ob So of theym bought And 
Apon & Abought fortyfying of the seid dokke Hedde 
occupied bestowed & spent within the tyme of this 
Acompte amountyng to ... . ix'' vj'^ 

Prouision of Oken plankes 8z: spykes of Iron 

Also payed in lykewyse To William Adean of 
ffarham for xij oken plankes of xviij fote long xij 
ynch brode & iiij ynch thyke which with grete spikys 

' Here used in the sense of strengthening. ^ H91- 

' Probably measured tons (see HoUoway's Did. of Pro- 
vincialisms, s.v. tight, and Halliwell, s. v. thite). In a general sense 
it meant full measure. The expression in relation to the tonnage 
of ships is as old as the thirteenth century, a vessel being said to 
be of so many ton tights. 

^ Rocks. " Rubble. 



PORTSMOUTH DOCK 155 

of yron befastyned at the seid dooke hede for forty- 
fying of the same price at the ffyrste biyng — x' And 
to William Broke & Robert Harwith of portesmouth 
for conveyance of the same plankes with their bote 
by water from thens to Portesmouth — xx"^ ; to John 
Arnold smyth of ffarham for a c grete spykes of 
Iron for to nayle & fasteyn the seid plankes at the 
dokke hedde price — iij' vj'* So by hym bought occu- 
pied & spent as aforesaid within the tyme of this 
Acompte xv^ ij'' 

Wages & vitayle of Workemen laying the 
Stone & gravell aforesayd 

Also the seid Robert Brygandyne hath payed to 
Thomas Lawrence & John Marteyn aswell for 
theym wages ych of theym takyng xx"^ by the weke 
As for theyr vitayle at xij"* ob for apece by the weke 
laboryng & workyng abought Cowchyng ^ plankyng 
& laying of the seid grete Rokes Stone & Gravell 
by the seid space of x wekes aboue sayd for fortyfying 
of the seid dokke amountyng After the rate of the 
Wages & vitayle aforesaid for the seid tyme To 

liilj= ij'' 

Somme of the Costes & charges of fifortyfying 
the Dokke hedde xij" ix^ x"* 

Somme of almaner of Costes & Charges con- 
cerning the Dokke the Dokke hedde & Gates of 

the same aforesayd . . . ciiijxiij" vj"* ob q"^ 

Thaccompte of Stuff Store and other Ne- 
cessaries Apperteynyng to oure Soueraigne 
Lorde the Kynges Dokke aforesaid 

Here ensueth thaccompte aswell of all maner of 
Stuff Store and other soundrie Necessaries apper- 

' Placing. 



156 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



teyning to our Soueraigne lorde the Kinges dokke at 
Portesmouth the xiiij"" day of Juyn in the x"" yere ^ 
of our Soveraign lorde the Kinges reign which day 
the seid Robert Brygandyn ffyrst toke the seid dokke 
into his handes and Guydyng As of all maner other 
stuff Necessarie & Behouffull for the seid dokke 
by the seid Robert Brygandyn provided bought or 
otherwise Receyved within the tyme of this accompte 
As hereafter ensueth That is to say 

Stuff received at our Soveraign lorde the Kinges 
dokke & forge the day and yere aboueseid that is to 

say 

Tymbre provided by William Comersale 

late clerk of the Kynges shippes 
Rammes of Yron called Wylkyns . 
Long Roddes of Yron for the same 

Wylkyns ..... 
Smythey Bellows worne & ffeble . 
Andevildes of yron 
Gryndestones .... 
Crete Blokkepollyes for Raysing up of 

Mastes ..... 
lyche hokes of yron 
loff hokes of yron .... 
hokes of yron for fysshing of ankers 
Aparelles for the sayle of a ship . 
PoUeys bounde with yron 
Smale ores ..... 
Ketelles of brasse .... 
Lanternes ..... 
Mastes for a smale Ship that is to say 

fore mastes Toppe mastes & bonea- 

venture mastes ..... 
owte lyggers for the Sterne of a smale 

ship ....... j 

' 1495- 



xij lode 
J 

ij payer 

j 
j 



vuj 

j 
j 
j 

ij 

j 
vij 

j 



"J 



PORTSMOUTH DOCK 157 

yerdes for the Mastes of a smalle ship 

that is to say mayne yerdes foreyerdes 

sprette yerdes Toppe yerdes Bonea- 

venture mast yerdes . . . . v 

Bowsprettes for a small ship . . . j 

Chaynes of Yron for the Shrowdes of a 

smale ship ..... xviij 

Dedemenyen for the same use . . xxxvj 
Arowes old & feble .... ccccl shefes 
Chestes to the same . . . . ix 

Stuff with other necessaries bought for the 
Behofif of the seid Dokke 

Mattokes ...... iij 

Pykaxes ...... j 

Bcire wheles for Cowrtes to carie Stuff 

to the seid dokke . . . • vj payer 

Drifte pynnes of yron weying v lb di . ij 

Calkyng yrons grete j & Smale ij . . iij 

Crowe of yron weying cxv lb . . j 

fifovren receptes of Stufif & other Necessaries for 
the Behofif of the seid dokke that is to say 

Tymbre receyved owte of the Kynges 

wood called Hurst .... clviij lode 

Bokettes receyved owte of the Soue- 
raigne to drawe water owte of the 
dokke bounde with xxviij'' lb of yron . iiij 

Miches ^ with a swivell a bolte & Ryng 
belongyng to the Ingyn to draw water 
owte of the seid dokke weying xviij lb 
in likewyse owte of the seid Soueraigne 
receyved . . . . . . j 

' French mlche, always applied to the centre-piece whether of 
a made mast, cable, capstan, or' rudder (Jal, Gloss. Nautiqii(). 
Here it appears to mean the pump-spear. 



158 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Somme of all the Stuff Store and other Neces- 
saries Belongyng to the Dokke aforesayd 



Tymbre .... 

Rammes of Yron called Wilkyns 

Long roddes of Yron for the same 

Smythy Bellowes . 

Anfeldes of yron . 

Grynstones . 

Grete Blok poleyes 

Matokes 

Pykas .... 

Bayre wheles for cowrtes 

Dryfte pynnes 

Calkyng yrons 

Bokettes bound with yron 

Michis with a Swevell a bolte & a Ryng 

belongyng to thengyn 
Crowes of yron 
lyche hokes of Yron 
loff hokes of yron . 
Hokes to fifysshe ankers 
parelles to a shippesmast say' 
polleyes bounde with yron 
Smale ores . 
Ketylles of brasse . 
Lanterns 
fforemastes j Toppe mastes j & Bonea- 

venture mastes j . . . . 
Mayne yerdes j ffore yerdes j Sprete 

yerdes j toppe yerdes j & Boneaven- 

ture yerdes j . . . . . 
Bowsperettes . . . . . 
Chaynes of yron for the Shrowdes of a 

smale ship ..... 

Dedemenyen to the same 
Owte lyggers at the Sterne of a ship 



clxx lode 
j 

y 

ij payer 

j 

j... 
viij 

j 

vj payer 

ij 

iiJ 

"j 

j 
j 
j 
j 
j 

j 

vij 

j 

y 
"j 



J 

xviij 
xxxvj 

j 



PORTSMOUTH DOCK 159 

Arowes old & ffeble . . . ccccl shefes 
Chestes to the same . . . ix 

Deliuerances perusinges & otherwyse de- 
menynges of the Stuff and other Neces- 
saries aforesaied 

Stuff & other Necessaries perused worne & 
Annexed & spent within the tyme of this Acompte. 

ffyrst ther is spent perused broken loste and 
wasted abought the seid dokke within the tyme 
aforesayd certeyn parcelles of Stuff & other neces- 
saries vnder wryten that is to sey cxiij lode & iiij 
fote of Tymbre sawed into plankes for the Reparacion 
& amendyng of the sydes & gates of the seid dokke 
Also Ivj lode di & xvj fote tymbre employed spent 
& annexed to & for the Susteynyng & fortyfying of 
the seid dokke & gates of the same Also ther is 
broken perused and worne j matok and ij payer of 
Cowrte wheles abought the reparacion of the seid 
dokke within the tyme of this Acompte 

Tymbre ..... clxx lode 

Matokes . . . . . j 
Cowrte wheles . . . . ij payer 

Stuff delyuered to the Kynges Bark 
called Swepestake 

Also delyured to our Soueraigne lorde the Kinges 
Bark called the Swepestake certeyn stuff and other 
Necessaries ensuyng necessarye & Behoffull for the 
same That is to say 

Lyche hokes of yron . . j 

Loff hokes of yron . . . j 

Hokes to ffysshe ankers . . j 

parell ...... ij 



i6o 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



pollyes bounde with yron 


J 


Smale ores 


Vlj 


Kettelles of Brasse 




J 


Lanterns 




y 


fore Mastes . 




• j 


Toppe mastes 




■ j 


Boneaventure mastes 




j 


Mayne yerdes 




j 


fore yerdes . 




j 


Sprete yerdes 




j 


Toppe yerdes 




j 


Boneaventure yerdes 




J 


Bowsprettes . 




j 


Chaynes of yron for the Shrowdes 


xviij 


Dedemenyen to the same 


xxxvj 


Owte lyggers at the Ste 


;rne . 


j 



With the which Stuff the seid Robert Brygan- 
dyn is charged in the acompte of the seid Ship. 



And so remaneth at the seid dokke & forge 
this Stuff & Necessaries that here after 
ensueth That is to say 



Rammes of Yron called Wilkyns 
Long roddes of yron for the same 
Smythey Bellowes 
Anfeldes of yron . 
Gryndestones 
Grete Blok pollyes for raysyng of mastes 
Matokes .... 
Pykas ..... 
Bare wheles for cowrtes 
Dryfte pinnes of yron . 
Calkyng yrons grete j & smale ij 
Bokettes to draw water at the dokke 
bounde with yron . . . . 



J 

ij 

ij payer 

j 

j... 

viij 

ij 

j... 

iiij payer 

ij 
"j 

iiij 



THE SOVEREIGN i6i 

Miches with a Swevell a bolte & a Ryng 
belongyng to thengyne to draw water 
at the dokke . . . . . j 
Crowes of yron . . . . . j 
Arowse old & ffeble .... ccccl shefes 
Chystes to the same . . . . ix 

The Kynges Ship called the Souvraigne 

Here ensue the paymentes made by the sayd 
Robert Brygandyne As well for the costes of Kepyng 
the Kynges Ship Ryall called the Soueraigne as for 
prouision of Stuff takyll & Apparell Reparacion & 
Ryggyng of the same at diuerse & soundrie tymmes 
within the tyme of thys Acompte As hereafter en- 
sueth that is to say 

Wages of Maryners. fifyrst the sayed Robert 
Brygandyne hathe payed for the wages of xxviij 
personnes keping the sayd Ship At eryth in Tamys 
frome the xxiiij day of the moneth of Octobre the 
xj"" yere ^ of the Reigne of our Soueraigne lorde 
Kyng Henry the vij"" vnto the xiij"" day of Decembre 
next ensuyng by the space of vij wekes That is to 
say to John Cappe Maister at iij^ iiij"* by the weke 
xxiij^ iiij"^ Dauy Abouere purser & John lewys 
Boteswayne ych of theym atuj^ by the weke — xxviij' 
Richard Hayes quartermayster at xviij'^ by the weke 
— x^ vj*^ William Symounds at xvj'^ by the weke — ix' 
iiij'^ Hugh Gonner of the same Ship at xv"* by the 
weke — viij' ix"* And to xx other maryners ych of 
theym at xv** by the weke — viij" xv' And to ij 
pages ych of them at vj"^ by the weke — vij' in all 
amountyng to xiij" xxiij'' 

Vitayle. Also payed for the vitayle of the said 
xxviij personnes by the space of the seid vij wekes 
euery man takyng xij^ ob by the weke . x" iiij' ij** 

Somme total xxiij" vj' j"^ 

^ 1495- 

M 



i62 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Amendyng of the Cok. Also payed to John 
Wyther of Eryth for amendyng & Repayryling of 
the Cok of the said Ship .... iiij^ j"* 

Moryng of the Soueraigne. Also payed for 
the wages & Rewardes of diuerse & Soundrie per- 
sonnes to the Nombre of Ixxviij laboryng awaytyng 
& besied abought the Bryngyng the seyd Ship to 
the Shore And for moryng of hyre there the v* 
day the vj* day and the vij* day of Decembre the 
xj* yere ^ of the reigne of our sayd Soueraigne lorde 
the Kyng That is to say to Maister Parker maister 
of the Ship called the Armytage for iij dayes & ij 
nyghtes — xvj'' ; John Smyth & John Tego by the 
same tyme — ij^ ; To xviij other personnes ych of 
theym at x"^ apece for the sayd iij dayes & ij nyghtes 
— xv^ ; iiij other personnes for ij dayes & ij nyghtes 
— ij^ viij** ; xj personnes by the space of ij dayes v^ vj"*; 
xiij personnes by the space of a day ych of theym at 
iij'' — iij^ iij"* — viij^ ix"' ; ij men ych of them a day & a 
nyght — x'^ ; Thomas Clodder & hys ij men a day & 
a nyght — xij"* ; ij men ych of theym ij dayes — x"* ; 
William Wyther & xx'' with hyme by half a day of 
Reward in grete — iij' iiij'* ; & to Robert Baker goyng 
from Eryth to Grenewich & depford for fetchyng of 
the sayd Shipmen viij** in all Amountyng to 

xxxvj' v** 

Vitayle. Also payed for vitayle bought & spent 
by the seyd Ixxviij personnes within the sayd tyme 
That is to say for iij dossen di Brede^ — iij= vj'* ; a 
pype here vj' viij"* ; iiij Saltefysshe — xx"* ; ccc Redde 
Heryngs — iij' ; a fyrkyn of white heryngs — ij' & for 
iij quarters of beff v' x"* in all amountyng to 

xxij' viij^ 

Somme total . . , Ixiij' ij'* 

' 1495- 

^ Three and a half dozen loaves of bread. 



THE SOVEREIGN 163 

Wages of Maryners. Also the sayd Robert 
Brygandyne hath payed for the wages of xx" mary- 
ners Kepyng the seid Ship in Thamys at Eryth 
frome the xiij* day of Decembre the xi* yere of our 
Soueraigne lorde Kyng Henry the vij* vnto the 
xiiij dayes of Marche nexte ensuying by the space 
of xiij wekes That is to say to John Cape Maister 
at iij= iiij'^ by the weke — xliij^ iiij-^ To Dauy Abouere 
purser & John Tygo Boteswayne ych of theym at 
the xx"^ by the weke — xliij" iiij"* Richard Hayes & 
WilHam Symonds quartermaisters ych of them at 
xvj'' by the weke — xxxiiij' viij"* Thomas Payne 
steward John Gylpyn coke & Thomas WilHams 
keper of the pourte ^ & hans fifryse Conner ych of 
theym at xv** by the weke — Ixv^ And to xj other 
maryners ych of them at xij*^ by the weke — vij" iij^ 
in all amountyng to . . . . xvj'' ix' iiij"^ 

Vitayle, Also payed for Bourde & Vitayle 
for the seid xx personnes fro the seid xiij"" day of 
Decembre the seid xj* yere Vnto the xxvij* day 
of the same moneth next ensuyng by the space of 
ij wekes ych of theym takyng xij'' ob by the weke 
amountyng to . . . . . . xlj^ viij'^ 

Also payed for certeyn vitayle & other necessaries 
bought & by the seid xx" personnes spent frome the 
sayd xxvij* day of Decembre the seid xj"" yere vnto 
the xiiij* day of Marche nexte ensuyng^ by the space 
of xj wekes That is to say for brede — xxxiij^ ix^ ; 
xvj pypes bere at vj^ viiij"* a pipe — cvj^ viij"* ; ij pipes 
beff — Ix^; bieff bought in grete — xv'' ij*^ ob; c Salte- 
fysshe — xlvj^ viiij*^ A barell of white heryngs viij^ & 
acade^of rede heryngs iij^viij'* — IviijMiij'' A busshell 



1 Perhaps the entrance port or gangway. 
^ March 1496. 



^ The cade and the barrel were the same as a measure of 
quantity (De Caux, The Herring and. the Herring Fishery, p. 81). 
Cf. supra, p. 17. 

M 2 



i64 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

di pesyn — xij"^ ; viij dosyn Candelles viij' ; m'm'm'ccI 
billettes xvj' iij*^ ; iij quarters of a c of Tusserdes ^ 
iij^ & a lode of grenewode xvj'' — xx^ vij"* in all 
amountyng to xv" iij" vj"^ ob 



Costes of defendyng the Soueraigne frome 
the yse in Thamys 

Also payed for diuerse & soundrie Costes hadde 
& susteyned in defendyng the sayd Ship frome the 
yse frome the xxvj'' day of Decembre the seid xj* 
yere vnto the thyrde day of Janyvere next ensuyng 
by the space of a weke That is to [say] fyrst to 
William Wether & John Wether of Eryth for the 
hyre of m'Hj fote of Thyk plankes wherof somme wer 
boryd thorow somme Broken & somme cutte for 
makyng of defencez for the sayd Ship & Aftyrward 
Restoryd agayne of Reward in grete — x* To the 
same William Wether for iij Clovebordes ix^ & c di 
Tre nayles xij** spent in the seid besynes — xxj"* for 
cariage of iij lode of Tymbre hade oute of the 
Kynges wode besyde Eryth occupied & spent 
abought makyng of the said defence — viij^ To 

John Spencer smyth of Eryth for vjij lb of spykes 
of yron made for the seid bysynes price the lb j"* q' 
— xij' viij"* ob And for iiij stone of Okome bought 
& spent abought Calkyng the porte of the seid Ship 
— xij"* & for the wages of diuerse & soundrie Car- 
penters & laborers laboryng abought the said bysynes 
that is to say xij Shipwryghtes by iij dayes xviij" 
J shipwright iiij dayes ij' another ij dayes xij^ & iij 
other shipwryghtes j day xviij^ ych of them takyng 
vj"* by the day— xxij' vj"^ And for the wages of x 
laborers in the seid Ship and bysynes laboryng & 

' Perhaps from Trussel, a bundle. 



THE SOVEREIGN 165 

occupied by all the hole weke ych of theym takyng 
xij"^ by the weke^x^ in all amountyng to 

Iviij^ viij'' ob 
Somme total ..... xviii" ij^ ij"^ 

Costes of Moryng & bryngyng the seid 
Ship frome the Shore. 

Also the seid Robert Brygandyne hath payed for 
the Costes & Charges in Bryngyng the seid Ship 
frome the shore at Eryth & moryng of the same the 
iij-^" day the iiij"" day & the v"^ day of Marche the 
seid xj"" yere That is to say for the wages of xliiij 
laborers wherof iiij by ij dayes di ij' viij'' ; xxix 
ych of theym at iij'' a day by ij dayes — xiiij^ vj'' ; j 
other a day di — viij^ ; iij other by a day — ix"* ; & 
vj other by viij howres ych of them at ij'' of Reward 
— xij"* And to xx" maryners of a Ship called the 
Bestyan of Reward for their laboure in helpyng to 
bryng the sayd Ship frome the shore into the Streme 
— xvj'' in all amountyng to . . . xx^ xj^ 

Somme of the Costes and Expences in Kepyng 
in the Soueraigne at Eryth in Thames wythin the 
tyme aforesaid ..... Ixiiij" iij^ iiij"* 

Costes of the conueying of the Soueraigne 
ffrome Eryth in Thamys vnto the porte of 
Portesmouth. 

Vitayle & fifewell. Also the seid Robert 
Brygandyne hath payed for certeyn vitayle & 
fewell bought for vitaylyng of the seid Ship frome 
the xiiij* day of marche the xj* year ^ of our 
Soueraigne lord Kyng Henry the vij* vnto the xv 
day of Aprill next ensuyng by the space of a 
moneth & iiij dayes That is to say ffyrste for 

» 1496. 



i66 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Brede Ixvj doz — Ixvj^; m' weight of Bysket at iij= the 
hundred — xxx^ ; Byere xl pipes at vj^ viij*^ the pipe 
— xiij'' vj^ viij"* ; ffyssh cc haberdyne ^ at xxxiij^ iiij'^ 
the hundred — Ixvj^ viij*^ ; An other di c price xviij^ 
ij"* ; yj barelles white herynges at vj^ viij"^ the barell 
— xP ; fflesh vij oxen price cyj^ viij'^ ; xj busselles 
salte for pouderyng of the same at yj'' the bussell 
— iiij^ vij'' ; A pipe of salte bieff redie dressed xP ; 
Pesyn x busselles yj^ viij'' ; Green pesyn'-^at viij'' the 
bussell with cariage of the same v** from London to 
Eryth — vij^ j'' ; ffewell m'm'm' billettes at v'" the m' — 
xv^ ; viij doz candell viij^ in all amountyng to 

xxxiij'' viij' x'' 

Wages of maryners with the lodemanage. 
Also payed for the wages of clxvij maryners with 
the lodemanage of the same Ship in the Thamys for 
the sayd moneth & iiij dayes conueying the said ship 
to portesmouth As is abouesaid That is to say to 
John Cappe Maister of the same ship — P Dauy 
a Bouer purser — xiiij' viij^ William Parker for 
lodemanage — Iiij' iiij'' Syr Symond Chapleyn 
of the same — viij= viij"* To the Maisters mate & 
iiij quartermaisters to ych of theym x' — ? To iiij 
quartermaisters mates to ych of theym vj* viij'' — 
xxvj' viij"' To the Botesswayn & hys mate — xvj' viij'' 
To the Cokeswayn — vj' John Swynborne styward 
— viij' John Gylpyn coke — x' William Beton Keper 
of the Porte vj' viij'' & to cxxix maryners to ych 
of theym v' — xxxij" v' To ij other maryners ych of 
theym at iiij' — viij' To on other marynere — iiij' iiij"* 
To iij other maryners ych of theym at iij' viij"* — xj' 
To xj other maryners to ych of theym iij' vj'' — 
xxxviij vj** And to ij pages tyll ych of theym ij' vj"* 
— v' which in all Amounteth to . . xlviij" vj* 

Emptye pipes. Also the sayd Robert 
Brygandyn hath payed the xxxiij'' day of Marche 
• Salted cod. 2 Pease. 



THE SOVEREIGN 167 

the seid xj* yere To diuerse Vynters of London for 
xl Empty pipes bought for here for vitaling of the 
seid Ship price the pipe xij''— xl^ Cariage of the same 
pipes vnto Buttolphes Wharff ^ — xvj"* To the Mayers 
seriaunt ^ of Reward goyng with the purser to serche 
for theym — viij^ And tyll another seriaunt which 
made proclamacion to cause the maryners that hade 
takyn wages to Resorte to the Ship — xij'* in all 
amountyng to . , . . . . xliij^ 

Oiys. Also payed the xxv'' day of Marche the 
said xj* yere for a dossen di orys for the mayne 
Bote x^ and for planyng of the same orys xij"* . xj= 

Balast. Also the seid Robert Bregandyne 
hath payed the xxv" day of Marche the seid xj* 
yere for Ixx Tonne of Balast by hym bought for the 
seid ship that is to say of John Miller of Eryth xxx" 
Tonne price the Tonne iiij** And of William Coke 
of Grenewich xl ton price the Tonne v"* in all 
amountyng to .... . xxvj^ viij'' 

Prouision of necessaries. Also the sayd 
Robert Brygandyne hath payed the xxyj"" day of 
Marche the sayd xj* yere To Robert Odiam for 
certeyn Necessaries of hym bought & occupied in the 
said Ship That is to say for x lb weight marlyng Twyne 
At ij"^ the lb — xx** ; x lb sayle Twyne — iij^ ij*^ ; j di 
dossen Tankardes to drawe in bere — ij^ vj*^ ; ij dossen 
Tappes & ij dossen Canelles ^ to drawe bere with — - 
iiij** ; ij dossen di drynkyng holies xx"* ; ij dossen di 
Trene * platers — xx** ; ij hand Baskettes to bere in 
brede And ij Maundes to bere in fflessh — xij^ in 
all amountyng to . . . . . . xij^ 

Amendyng of the Bulke hede for Couching 
of Bere. Also the sayd Robert Bregandyne hath 
payed the xxiiij" day of Marche the seid xj* yere 

' St. Botolph's, Lower Thames Street, a wharf which has had 
a continuous history of at least eight hundred years. 

2 Serjeant. * The faucet of the tap. '' Wooden. 



i68 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

for mekyng a Rome in the Bulke hedde to lay in 
bere And for a c di of Elmyn bourde spent abought 
the same ....... iiij' 

Somme of the Costes Expences & provisions 
hadde & made in conueyng the Soueraigne from 
Eryth in Thamys to Portesmouth as is aforesayd 

XX 

iiijvj" vj' 

Wages of Maryners 

Also the said Robert Brygandyne hath payed 
for the wages of diuerse & Soundrie mariners 
awaytyng laboryng & attendyng in Kepyng the seid 
Ship at portesmouth frome the xv* day of Aprill 
the seid xj"" yere unto the viij day of July theyn 
next ensuyng by the space of iij monethes That is 
to say the fyrste ij monethes John Cape maisterand 
xxiiij maryners with hym the seid maister at iij' iiij'' 
by the weke xxvj^ viij''; Dauy Abouer purser xiij' 
iiij^ & John Tygo Boteswayn xiij^ iiij'^ ych of theym 
at xx'^ by the weke ; Richard Hayes quartermaister 
at xviij"* by the weke xij' ; v other maryners ? that 
is to say the Styward the Coke the Keper of the 
porte & ij other ych of theym at xv'' by the weke 
And xvj other maryners ych of theym at xij"* by the 
weke vj" viij^ ambuntyng in all for the sayd ij 
monethes to xij" iij' iiij"* And the iij'^^ monethe The 
said John Cappe maister And xij mariners with hym 
the said maister xiij' iiij"* Dauy Abouer purser 
vj' viij"* Aleyn Robson Boteswayn vj' viij^ & Richard 
Hayes quartermaister vj' At their wages afore 
specified William Broke Keper of the porte v' John 
Bonde Steward v' Hans van Midelburgh Coke v' 
ych of theym At xv"* by the weke and vj other 
maryners xxiiij' ych of theym At xij"' by the weke 
amountyng in all for the sayd monethes wages to — 



d 



THE SOVEREIGN 169 

Ixxj^ viij"* in all for the seid iij monethes Amountyng 
to the somme of .... . xv" xv' 

Vitayle. Also the seid Robert Brygandyne 
hath payed aswell for the Bourde & Vitayle of the 
seid Maister & xxiiij maryners with hym by the 
sayd fyrst ij monethes As for the vitayle of the seid 
Maister & xij maryners with hym the iij*^' moneth 
aforesaid tyll ych of theym after the Rate of xij"^ ob 
by the weke which in all Amounteth to xiij" ij^ vj 

Costes of bryngyng the seid ship into the 
Dokke at Portesmouth. Also the sayd Robert 
Brygandyne hath payed the xxv* day of May the 
sayd xj* yere aswell for the Rewarde as Vitayle for 
the clx men beside the maryners of the sayd Ship 
laboryng & attendyng by a day & a neght to helpe 
bryng in the seid Ship into the dokke at Portesmouth 
that is to say for theyr Reward xxvj^ viij'' And fbr 
brede v^ ij pipes of here xiij^ iiij'' & fifysh x^ — xxviij^ 
iiij"^ spent the same tyme in all amountyng to . Iv" 

Wages of maryners. Also the sayed Robert 
Brygandyne hath payed to viij maryners dayley 
attendyng in kepyng the seid ship within the seid 
dokke at Portesmouth frome the viij"" day of July 
the seid xj"" yere ^ of our Soueraigne lorde Kyng 
Henry the vij"' vnto the xxvj* day of Nouembre the 
xij* yere ^ of hys Reigne by the space of v monethes 
That is to say to John Cappe Maister at iij' iiij"* by 
the weke Ixyj' viij"^ Dauy Abouer purser at xx* by 
the weke — ^xxxiij' iiij"* William Broke & Robert 
Crotall ych of theym at xvj'* by the weke — liij' iiij"* 
John Cokkes John Bonde John Brytayn & John 
Marteyn ych of theym at xij'* by the weke— -iiij'' 
Amountyng in all for theyr wages for the seid y 
monethes to the somme of . . . xj" xiij' iiij"* 

Vitayle. Also payed for the Bourde & 
Vitayle to the seid viij personnes for the seid v 

1 1496. ^ Ibid- 



I70 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Monethes euery man takyng after the Rate of xij'' ob 
by the weke which in all for the seid v monethes 

amounteth viij" yj^ viij"^ 

Wages of maryners. Also the sayd Robert 
Brygandyne in lykewyse hath payed for the wages 
of viij maryners dayly and nyghtly attendyng & 
awayting in keping the seid Ship in the dokke at 
Portesmouth aforesaid frome the seid xxvj* day of 
Nouembre ^ the xij* yere of our Soueraign lorde 
Kyng Henry the vij* vnto the last day of January^ 
next ensuying the seid xij* yere that is to say by the 
space of ix wekes & an halff which day the seid Ship 
was delivered by the Kynges hygh & drade Com- 
maundement To James fifynche and other mer- 
chauntes for a viage to be made into Lelaunt ^ &c 
That is to say for the wages of Nicholas Galyon xv' 
x^ And Dauy Abouer Purser xv^ x^ ych of theym at 
xx"^ by the weke — ^xxxj^ viij*^ And to vj other 
maryners ych of theym at xij"^ by the weke — Ivij' in 
all amountyng for their wages for the tyme aforesaid 
to . , . . . . iiij" viij^ viij"* 

• Vitayle. Also in lykewyse payed for the 
Bourde & Vitayle of the seid viij personnes for 
the seid ix wekes & an halffe ych of theym takyng 
after the Rate of xij"* ob by the weke which 
Amounteth in all for the sayd tyme to . Ixxix^ ij^ 

Somme of the Costes and expences in kepyng 
the Soueraigne at portesmouth within the tymes 
aforesayd ....... Ix" iiij'' 

Costes of Brekyng vp the dokke hede for 
havyng forth of the Soueraigne 

Wages of workemen. Also the sayd Robert 
Brygandyne hath payed for the wages ofxx'" worke- 

' 1496. "^ 1497. 3 Levant, see infra, p. 218. 



THE SOVEREIGN 171 

men laboryng abought the brekyng vp of the dokke 
hede at Portesmouth weyng vt of the piles & shorys 
And dyggyng of the clay and other Rubbysh bytwene 
the gates for hauyng oute of the Soueraigne laboryng 
abought the seid bisynes at euery tyde both day & 
nyght frome the last day of Decembre the xij* yere 
of our Soueraigne lord Kyng Henry the vij"' vnto the 
xxix"" day of January next ensuyng by the space of 
iiij wekes Tlaat is to say for the Wages of the seid 
XX workemen the fyrste weke workying by the 
space of V dayes wherof v of theym ych of theym at 
vj"^ by the day xij^ vj*^ ; xj of theym takyng euery man 
iiij^ by the day — xviij^ iiij"^ ; And iiij of theym euery 
man at iij"^ by the day v^ ; Amountyng in all tO' — 
xxxv^ x"* The ij*^* weke the iij^' weke & the iiij* 
weke the said xx'' workemen in lykewise laboryng 
by the space of vj dayes euery weke wherof v of theym 
euery man takyng vj'^ by day — xlv^ ; xj of theym 
euery man at iiij^ by the day Ixvj^ ; & iiij of theym 
euery man takyng iij*^ by the day — xviij^ ; amountyng 
in all to — vj" ix^ in all aforesaid amounteth to 

viij'' iiij^ x^ 

Vitayle. Also payd for the Bourde & Vitayle 

of the seid xx workemen by the seid iiij wekes 

euery man takyng xij*^ ob by the weke which 

amounteth to iiij" iij' iiij*^ 

Somme of the costes of brekyng up the dokke 
hedde for havyng forth of the Soueraigne 

xij" viij^ ij** 



172 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Costes of hauyng the Soueraigne owte of the 
dokke at Portesmouth Conveyance & 
moryng the same in Hampton ^ watyr 

Conveyance of the Soueraigne owte of the dokke 

Also the sayd Robert Brygandyne hath peyed 
to diuerse & Soundrie mariners & other personnes 
laboryng & attendyng abought the conveyaunce & 
hauyng the Soueraigne owte of the dokke at 
Portesmouth & moryng of the same in the channell 
betwyne the Towre & the dokke so occupied the 
xix day the xx'" & the xxj" day of January the xij* 
yere^ aforesaid bothe day & nyght beside the 
mariners of the same Ship That is to say the fyrst 
day & nyght clx men the secunde day & nyght 

cxx men & the iiij**' day & nyght iiij men whuch 
amongest theym for theyr labor & vitayle spent by 
the seid tyme hadde of Reward in money . iiij" 

Conveyance of the same into Hampton watyr 

Also payed in lykewise of Reward to cvij 
maryners straungers besyde the Company of the 
same Ship laboryng the xxviij'' day & the xxix" 
day of January the seid xij"" yere by the space of ij 
days & a nyght aswell abought the weyng up of 
the Ankers of the seid Ship as conveyance of the 
6ame owte of the porte of portesmouth into the 
Rode of Hampton water & ther surly moryng of the 
Same aswell for ther vitayle then spent as for their 
Reward laboryng abought the seid bysynes in grete 

Somme of the Costes of hauyng the Soueraigne 
owte of the dokke — conveyance & moryng of 
the same in Hampton watyr . . . vj" xj^ 

' Southampton. ^ i497' 



THE SOVEREIGN 173 

Prouision of Stuff Reparacion & Ryggyng 
of the Soueraigne that is to say 

Crete spykes of yron. ffyrst the said Robert 
Brygandyne hath payed the xx day of August the 
xj* yere ^ of the reign of our Soueraigne lord Kyng 
Henry the vij* to Stacy Smyth of Hampton for 

cciijxix lb Weight of grete Spykes of yron at j"^ ob 
the lb of hym so bought & spent apon Reparacion 
of the seid Ship within the tyme of this Accompte 

xxxvij^ iiij"* ob 

Also payed the xxix* day of August the xij'^ 
yere^ of our seid soueraign lorde the Kyng to 
Robert Chambre of Portesmouth for cccxxviij lb 
weght of lyke spykes of yron And the vj* day of 
Septembre the seid xij"" yere for cccix lb weght of 
lyke spykes of yron in all conteynyng in weight 
Dcxxxvij lb at j** ob the lb of hym so bought & in 
lykevyse spent vppon the Reparalyng & Ryggyng 
of the same ship within the tyme of this accompt 

Ixxix^ vij'' ob 

Nayles of diuerse Sortes. Also payed in 
likewyse at soundrie tymes to diuerse personnes 
that is to say to the seid Robert Chambre at soundrie 
tymes for a m^ naylys at x'' the c — viij^ iiij"^ ; d nayles 
at viij'' the c — iij" iiij"^ ; d nayles at iiij"^ the c — xx'^ ; 
And for cccc nayles at vj'^ the c — ij^ ; To Nicholas 
Bonde Smyth of farneham for d nayles at viij'* the 
c — iij^ iiij^ ; D nayles at vj"^ the c — ij^ yj'^ ; m' at iiij"* 
the c — iij^ iiij^; And to John Arnald smyth of 
ferneham for d nayles at viij*^ the c — iij^ iiij"^; d 
nayles at yj"* the c — ij' yj"^ ; & a m' nayles at iiij^ the 
c — iij^ iiij"* of theym so bought & spent apon the sayd 
ship within the tyme of this accompt xxxiij' viij"^ 

Yron. Also the sayd Robert Brygandyne hath 

1 1496. ^ Ibid. 



174 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

payed for m'ccc weght of yron At iiij' the c by hym 
so bought within the tyme of this Accompte wherof 
the Kynges smythes hath wrought & made cvj grete 
boultes of yron & apon the seid ship employed 
occupied & annexed within the tyme of thys 
accompte ....... lij' 

Smythes Coles. Also payed in likewyse for 
a Chalder and a quarteron of Smythes Coles ^ by 
hym bought & spent uppon the makyng of the seid 
Boltes with the Cariage of the same frome Hampton 
vnto Portesmouth within the seid tyme of this 
Accompte xij' j"* 

Necessaries of Yron. Also the sayd Robert 
Brygandyne hath payed to Robert Chambre Smyth of 
Portesmouth for certeyn necessaries & yron wrought 
of hym bought within tyme of thys Acompte 
that is to say for ij small Crowes of Iron weyng 
xxxj lb at j"* ob the lb — iij^ x"* ob ; for yron worke 
for iiij bokettes to drawe water owte of the dokke 
weyng xxviij lb at j*^ ob the lb — iij^ vj*^ ; for a mitche 
with a swyvell a Bolte & a Ryng of yron belongyng 
to the Ingyn to drawe water owte of the dokke 
weyng xviij lb at j"* ob the lb — ij^ ,iij'^ ; iiij Spade 
Irons price — xiiij^ Adryfte^with iiij pounchions^ 
of Iron & Steele weyng xij lb at ij"^ the lb — ij= And 
for amendyng of a Crawe of Iron And drawyng of a 
Bolte alonge ij*^ in all amountyng to . xij^ xj'^ ob 

Shepeskynnes. Also payed for iiij dossen 
shepeskyns bought & spent abought makyng of 
mappes for layng on of piche Rosyn & talow uppon 
the seid ship within the tyme of this acompte at 
iij' the dosen ....... xij' 

' Charcoal. (Cf. Dud Dudley's Mettallum Martis, p. 35^ 
reprint of 1854.) 

^ Drift or drift-pin, a hand tool of metal driven into a hole to 
enlarge or shape it (Hunter's Dictionary). 

^ Punches. 



THE SOVEREIGN 175 

Shorys. Also the seid Robert Brygandyne 
hath payed the viij"" day of August the xj"' yere ^ of 
our soueraigne lorde Kyng Henry the vij"" for 
certayn shorys occupied abought the shoryng of the 
Soueraigne leing in the dokke at Portesmouth That 
is to say to Nicholas Bownde of fareham for cxxviij 
okyn shorys xxv^ & for cariage of the same owte of 
Stokewode to the water syde xiij^ ij"^ — xxxviij^ ij*^ ; 
And for xvj grete alders price per pece iiij"^ — v^ iiij'^ 
with the fellyng & cariage of the same conteynyng 
xij lode vj' — xj' iiij'*; And to John Adler & 
William A deane of ffareham aforesaid for a cxxxvj 
grete okyn shorys price with the hewyng & cariage 
of the same — xxxiiij^ iiij"* so of theym bought within 
the tyme of this Acompte And aftyrward employed 
& spent appon Reparacion & Ryggyng of the seid 
ship & the Regent within tyme aforesaid iiij" iij= x'^ 

Okom. Also payd the seid viij day of August 
the yere aforeseid to Jeffrey More of Dertemouth 
and Morys Danyell of Chechestre mariners for m' 
Weght of Okome price the c — ij^ — xxx' ; And for dc 
okome in lykewyse by the said Robert Brygandyne 
bought of the seid Morys Danyell at iij= the c — xviij* 
So of theym bought & spent apon the sayd ship 
within the tyme of this Accompte . . xlviij* 

Brome. Also the seid Robert Brygandyne 
hath payed the ffyrst day of Octobre the xij"" yere ^ 
of oure soueraigne lord the Kyng to John Solley & 
John Shote of the paryssh of Stoke & other for viij 
lode of Brome price the lode with the cariage xvj'' so 
of theym bought and spent abought the Bremyng 
of the Ships sides wher she was talowed at diuerse 
tymes within the tyme of this Acompte . x= viij'' 

Woode. Also the sayd Robert Brygandyne 
hath payd the ij''" day of Octobre the xij"^ yere of 
our Soveraigne lorde the Kyng to William Adeane 
1 1496. ^ Ibid. 



176 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

of ffereham for m' wood of hym bought & spent 
abought hetyng of Pyche & tarre for Reparacion 
of the seid Ship & the takell of the same within the 
tyme of this Acompte v' 

Tymbre. Also payed the v"" day of Januari 
the xij*^ yere ^ of our Soveraigne lord the Kyng to 
John Ceyte of Portesey for viij pecis of Tymbre of 
hym bought in grete occupied & spent under the 
Ovyloppes & Alawe ^ in the seid Ship for to fortifie 
& bynde her stronge beside the tymbre of the 
Kynges within the tyme of this Accompte xxiij' iiij"* 

Pitche. Also the seid Robert Brygandyne 
hath payed at Soundrie tymes to diuerse personnes 
for pyche of them Bought as ensueth That is to 
say ffyrst To Adrian Loker of Hampton the vj"" day 
of August the xj* yere ^ of our Soueraigne lorde the 
Kyng for xj barelles peche to pyche the said shipp 
withoute borde price the barell iiij^ viij"^ — Ij^ iiij^ And 
to Phillip Lokier & Roweley Berebruer of Hampton 
the same tyme for iiij barelles piche for to pyche 
forcastell the overloppe the somercastell ^ the dekke 
ovyr the somercastell & the pope price the barell 
iiij^ viij'' — xviij^ viij'' And to George Hunte of 
London for xij barelles pyche for pyching the seid 
Ship aboue water price the barell at fyrst bying beside 

' 1497. ^ Below. 3 i4g6. 

^ The exact character of the summercastle cannot now be de- 
fined with certainty. A comparison of the references to it leads me 
to suppose that it was what we should now call the poop, and that 
the poop mentioned here was really a poop royal. It commanded 
an all-round fire and carried many guns, in this instance sixty- 
one, in another thirty-three (the Peter Pomegranate), in a third 
thirty-six (the John Baptist), and in a fourth twenty (the great 
Nicholas). The word seems to have dropped out of use after 
the early years of Henry VIII., to which period these ships belong. 
Its 14th and isth century equivalent was ' somerhuche,' but this, 
if a fixed, was a much lighter construction ; two somerhuches were 
built on the Holigost and Trinity Royal of Henry V. at a cost of 
4/. 11^. 6d. for the two ships, equivalent now to 80/. or 90/. 
An exhaustive note on the derivation of ' summercastle ' will be 
found in Notes and Queries, 8th ser. ii. 194. 



THE SOVEREIGN 177 

the cariage iiij' \f—Y So of theym bought & spent 
as aforesaid within the tyme of this Acompte . vj" 

Tarre, Also the seid Robert Brygandyne hath 
payed to Adrian Lokyer of Hampton for xij barelles 
of Tarre spent appon tarryng of Certeyn Cabulles & 
Ropys belongyng to the Soveraigne price the barell 
iiij=— xlviij' And to Blaysse of Camffere ^ for xx 
barelles tarre spent vppon tarryng of certeyn Newe 
Cables & other Newe takell at Portesmouth with all 
the Shrodes that belongyth vnto the Soueraigne 
price the barell iiij^ iiij'*— iiij" vj^ viij-^ And to Phillip 
Richardes oon of the Custumers of Suthampton for 
half a last of tarre for tarryng of the Cabulles the 
mayne tyes the Steyes for the Mayne maste with 
other Cordage nedefuU to be tarred price the barell 
iiij ' viij** — xxviij' So bought & spent as aforesaid 
within the tyme of this Acompte . viij" ij'* viij"* 

Talowgh. Also payed by the sayd Robert 
Brygandyne aswell for cc di weight talowe price 
the c — viij^ iiij"* — xx^ x"* As for Dec weight 
Talowe price the c — viij^ — Ivj^ so by hym bought 
& mengeled and occupied with pyche for the sayd 
Ship within the tyme of this Acompte Ixxvj^ x"^ 

Roosyn. Also payed for d weight Rosyn By 
the seid Robert Brygandyne Bought & spent 
abought Dryssyng and Talowyng the seid Ship 
within the tyme of this acompte at iiij^ vj'^ the c 
whuch Amounteth to ... . xxij' vj*^ 

Oyle. Also payed for iij quartys Oyle by the 
Calkers spent within the tyme of this Acompte xij'^ 

Candell. Also payed for x dossen Candell 
at xv'' the dossen so by hym bought & spent vnder 
the haches in tyme of Reparacion of the sayd Ship 
vithin the tyme of this accompte . . xij^ vj** 

Necessaries. Also the seyd Robert Brygan- 
dyne hath payed for certeyn necessaries Behoffull for 
' Vere, or Campvere, in the Island of Walcheren. 

N 



178 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

the sayd ship that is to say a dossen lantrons price 
ix' a dossen showelles shodde with yron vj' vj^ A 
dossen of scopes to here in pyche ij' vj'^ And a 
dossen brode bare showells^ so by hym bought 
within the tyme of this Acompte . . . xx' 
Wages of Shipwrightes & Calkers. Also 
payed by the sayd Robert Brygandyne for the wages 
of diuerse & Soundrie Shipwreghtes and calkers 
laboryng & workyn abought the Reparacion Ryg- 
gyng Calkyng & amendyng of the Soueraigne 
frome the xxj" day of August the xij* yere of our 
Soueraigne lord Kyng Henry the vij* vnto the last 
day of Octobre then next insuyng the seid xij* yere^ 
by the space of x wekes within whuch tyme the 
ffyrst vij wekes xxviij personnes labored & wrought 
by the space of xxxvij dayes wherof xiij personnes 
takyng vj** a pece by the day xij"' vj'' vij others 
takyng iiij'^ a man by day iiij" vj= iiij"^ and viij other 
takyng iij"^ a man by the day — Ixxiiij^ amountyng in 
all for the seid xxxvij dayes to — xx'" x*^ ; And the 
viij* weke xxv personnes by the space of v dayes 
wherof x of theym takyng vj*^ a man by the day — 
xxv^ vij other takyng iiij** a man by the day xj^ 
viij'' And viij other euery man takyng iij** by the 
day — x^ amountyng in all for the seid v dayes to — 
xlvj' viij"' ; The ix* weke xviij personnes by the 

' Broad, wooden, unshod shovels ; shod shovels were of wood 
tipped with iron. 

2 This entry raises an old question. The date of accession of 
Henry VII. is accepted as August 22, 1485, therefore the twelfth 
regnal year extends from August 22, 1496, to August 21, 1497. 
But if that reckoning is applied here the 21st August falls in 1497 
and the 31st October in 1496. Sir Harris Nicholas, however 
{Chronology of History, pp. 330, 331), discusses the evidence 
which dates Henry's reign from the2ist August, but finally accepts 
the 22nd. But it would appear that the writer of this MS. 
held the 21st to be the true date. 



THE SOVEREIGN 179 

space of V dayes wherof viij personnes ych of theym 
at vj*^ by the day xx' yj other ych of theym at iiij'^ 
by day x^ & iiij other ych of theym at iij'' by day v= 
Amountyng in all for the seid v dayes to xxxv" ; And 
the x''' weke xj personnes by the space of v dayes 
wherof v personnes ych of theym at vj"* by the day 
xij^ vj** ; iiij other ych of theym at iiij"^ by the day vj^ 
viij'' And ij other ych of theym at iij'' by the day ij' 
vj"* amountyng all for the seid v dayes to — xxj^ 
viij'' in all for the seuerall tymes aforesaid within the 
tyme of this Acompte . . . xxv' iiij' ij'' 

Vitayle. Also the said Robert Brygandyne 
hath payed for the Bourde & Vitayle aswell of the 
xxviij personnes by the space of vij wekes aforesaid 
— x'' iiij' ij'' ; as of xxv personnes the viij* weke xxvj' 
ob ; xviij personnes the ix"" weke xviij' ix'' ; And xj 
personnes the x"" weke aforesaid xj' v'' ob euery man 
takyng after the Rate of xij'' ob by the weke amountyng 

in all to xiij" v'' 

Yet wages of Shipwryghtes. Also payed in 
likewyse for the wages of ix Shipwryghtes in lyke- 
wyse laboryng & workyng abought Reparacion of 
the seid Shipp from the last day of Decembre ' the 
xij'*' yere of our Soueraigne lord the Kyng vnto the 
v* day of ffebruarie nexte ensuyng by the space of 
v wekes within which tyme the seid ix personnes 
wrought by the space of xxviij dayes oon of theym 
takyng viij'' by the day xviij' viij'' iiij of theym 
takyng vj'' a man by the day Ivj' And iiij of theym 
takyng iiij'' a man by the day xxxvij' iiij'' Amountyng 
in all for the sayd tyme aforesaid to . . cxij' 
Vitayle. Also the seid Robert Brygandyne 
hathe payd for the Bourde & Vitaile of the seid ix 
Shipwryghtes for the seid v wekes euery man takyng 
after the Rate of xij'' ob by the weke . xlvj' x'' ob 

' 1496. 

N 2 



i8o NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Smythes wages. Also the seid Robert 
Brygandyne in lykwise hath payed for the wages 
of iiij Smythes in lykewyse laboryng & workyng 
abought makyng of yron worke for the Reparacion 
& Riggyng of the seid Ship frome the last day of 
Decembre the xij* yere of our Soueraigne lorde 
Kyng Henry the vij* unto the xxij" day of January 
next ensuyng By the space of iij wekes iij of theym 
takyng euery man xv"* by the weke xj^ iij"* And the 
iiij* as Maister Smyth viij' vj'^ workyng by the space 
of xvij dayes within the seid tyme takyng for euery 
day vj^ which in all Amounteth to . . xix^ ix"* 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the Bourde 
& Vitale of the said iiij smythes euery man takyng 
after the Rate of xij"* ob by the weke for the seid iij 
wekes within the tyme of this Acompte . xij^ vj** 

Wages of Sawyers. Also payed in lykewyse 
for the labor of ij sawyers laboryng & workyng in 
sawyng of Timbre borde plankes & other Necessaries 
for the seid Ship ffrome the last day of Decembre 
the seid xij'"" yere vnto the xv'^ day of Janyvere next 
ensuyng by the space of ij wekes within whuch tyme 
the seid ij sawyers wrought by the space of xj dayes 
ych of theym takyng by the day iiij"* Amountyng 
to vij^ iiij** 

Vitayle. Also the seyd Robert Brygandyne 
hath payed in lykewyse ffor the Bourde & Vytaile 
of the seid ij Sawyers for the seid ij wekes ych of 
theym takyng xij"* ob by the weke amountyng to 

iiij* ij** 

Cariage of Stuff by land. Also payed to 

^ lymington ffor the hyre of ij cartes laden with 

pytch Canvas Ropes & other Stuff belongyng to 

the seid Ship called the Soueraigne that is to say 

ffor cariage of the seid stuff ffrome London to 

' Blank in MS. 



THE SOVEREIGN i8i 

Suthampton within the tyme of this Acompte by 
couenaunt in grete ..... xxx' 

Somme of prouision of Stuff Reparacion and 

Ryggyng of the Soueraigne aforesaid ilijxj" iij= iij^ 

Prouision of Stuff Reparacion & amendyng 
of the Soueraignes grete Bote 8z: Jolywat. 

Prouision of Stuff. Also the seid Robert 
Brygandyne hath payed ffor certeyn Stuff necessarie 
& nedefuU for Reparacion & amendyng of the 
Soueraignes grete Bote & Jolywat That is to 
say ffyrst to John Arnold & Nicholas Bounde 
Smythes of fareham for Ruff & clynche with other 
nayles of diuerse sortes necessarie for the seid cause 
— liij= iiij'' Also payed for a c cloveborde price with 
cariage of the same ffrome Hammell to Portesmouth 
— xxiij^ iiij'' Also ffor Newe Tymbre Bought of 
Nicholas Wodeman price with the cariage of the 
same — xij^ And to Robert Chambre Smyth of 
Portesmouth ffor ccc Roffe & nayle at xiiij'' the c — 
iij* yj"^ & c Roffe & nayle for the kele & Beige of 
the same xviij^ Also payed ffor iij barrelles pytche 
price the barell v' & a barell of Tarre price iiij^ viij*^ 
for the seyd cause — xix^ viij'' And ffor here & Scye 
— ij^ j"* so by the seyd Robert Brygandyn Bought 
and spent apon the Reparacion Aforesayd within the 
tyme of this Acompte .... cxv' v"^ 

Wages of Shipwrightes. Also payed for 
the wages & vitayle of x Shipwryghtes laboryng & 
workyng apon the Reparacion & Ainendyng of the 
seid grete Bote & Jolywat ffrome the last day of 
Decembre the xij* yere of our soueraigne lorde the 
Kyng vnto the v* day of ffebruarie next ensuyng by 
the space of v wekes within whuch tyme the seid x 



i82 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

pe'rsonnes wrought in maner & forme as folowith 
That is to say In the ffyrst iiij wekes by the space 
of xxiij dayes vij of theym takyng vj"* a pace by the 
day iiij" vj"^ ; iij other takyng iiij^ a man by the day 
xxiij^ ; And the v* weke iiij of theym laboryng by the 
space of V dayes ij of theym takyng vj"^ a pece by the 
day v'* ; & other ij takyng iiij^ a man By the day iij^ 
iiij** ; & vj other workeng by the space of iij dayes 
V of theym takyng vj** a man by the day vij^ vj"* ; 
And the other one takyng iiij'' by the day xij'^ The 
whuch Amounteth for their wages ffor the seuerall 
tymes Aforesayd to . . . . . vj" iiij** 
Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bourde & Vitayle of the seid x personnes as 
foloweth That is to say the ffyrst iiij wekes euery 
man takyng After the Rate of xij"* ob by the weke 
xlj* viijd And the v"" weke iiij of theym takyng in 
lykewyse ffor theyr Boarde After the same Rate ffor 
the hole weke iiij' ij** & vj of theym ffor their Bourde 
& Vitayle for iij dayes the same weke aftyr the Rate 
aforesayd iiij' iiij"* ob amountyng in all to . 1' ij^ ob 

Somme of prouision of Stuff Reparacion & 
amendyng of the Soueraignez Grete Bote & Jolywat 
aforesayd xiiij" v' xj'^ ob 



Prouision of Stuff for the Cokkebote 
aforesayd. 

Also the seid Robert Brygandyn hath payd 
ffor certeyn Stuff provided for the Reparacion & 
amendyng of the Cokke bote of the Soueraigne 
That is to say fifyrste to John Kempte of Botteley 
for c Cloweborde price — xviij' To Nicholas Wode- 
man of Elston for the yntymberyng of the same bote 
— v' To Nicholas Smyth of ffarham ffor dc Roff 
& nayle at xvj^ the c— viij' And for iiij c Roff & 



THE SOVEREIGN 183 

nayle at xiiij'* the c — iiij^ viij"^ ffor c wryke ^ nayles 
vj^ & ccc nayles at iiij"^ the c — xij"* Amountyng to 
xiiij' ij** And ffor pytche Tarre Rosyn & Talough for 
the seid Bote — iiij^ So by hym bought employed 
occupied & spent within the tyme of this Acompte 

xlj' ij*^ 
Wages & vitayle of Shipwryghtes. Also 
payed for the wages & vitayle of iij Shipwrightes 
laboryng & workyng Abought the Reparacion & 
amendyng of the seid Cokkebote ffrome the last 
day of Decembre in the xij''' yere aforesayd vnto 
the v* day of ffebruarie next ensuyng by the space 
of V wekes within whuch tyme the seid iij personnes 
wrought by the space of xxvij dayes oon of theym 
as maister Wryght takyng vj^ by the day xiiij^ & the 
other ij ych of theym takyng v"* by the day. — xxiij' 
iiij"^ amountyng ffor theyr wages ffor the seid tyme 
to — xxxvij' iiij'^ And ffor the vytayle of the seid iij 
personnes for the seid v wekes euery man takyng 
xij"* ob by the weke xv" vij'' ob in all amountyng to 

Iij'' xj"^ ob 

Somme of prouision of Stuff Reparacion & 
Amendyng of the Soueraignes Cokkebote aforesayd 

iiij'' xiiij^ j*^ ob 

Prouision of Takell and Apparell for the 
Soueraigne, 

Mastes. Also the seyd Robert Brygandyn 
hath payed the last day of Novembre the xij* yere ^ 
of our Soueraigne lorde Kyng Henry the vij* to 
Adryan Lokyer Bierebruer in Suthampton for the 
Boneaventure Mast by hym bought to the Behoff 
of the seid ship — xP And for ij mastes to make a 
newe Mayne yarde for the seyd Ship price oon with 

' Screw nails. ^ 1496. 



i84 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

another — ix'' So by hym bought to the behofif of 
the seid Ship within the tyme of this Acompte xj" 

Canvas. Also. the seyd Robert Brygandyne 
hath payed to John Coffyn & William of Garnesey 
for xxiiij boltes of canvas price of euery bolte xij' 
So by hym bought to the use & Behofif of the seid 
Ship within the tyme of this Acompt xiiij'" viij^ 

xiiij" viij' 

Also payed in lykewyse to Richard Haberdyn 
of London for xxviij boltes of Canvas price of euery 
bolte xiij^ ij"^ So of hym bought to the vse & behoff 
of the seid Ship within the tyme of this Acompte 

xviij'' viij^ viij*^ 

Cables. Also the seid Robert Brygandyne 
hath payed the viij* day of July the xij* yere ^ of 
our soueraigne lord Kyng Henry the vij* To Dame 
Margery Astrye ffor a shott ^ of Newe Cables 
m'm'dcccxv lb & a newe hawser cccc j quarteron * 
weyng togeder iij"^ ccxliij lb price the c — ix^ So of 
here bought to the behoff of the seid Ship within the 
tyme of this Accompte . . . xiiij" xj^ v'^ 

Cables. Also payed to Thomas Steward 
William Eliott & Edmond Whith Ropper* of 
Lynne for a Newe Shott of Cables weyng v""' price 
of euery c weight ix^ so of theym bought to the use 
of the seid Ship for the Shute ankers of the same 
within the tyme of this Acompte . . xxvij" 

Small Cablelettes. Also payed to Thomas 
Harres of Hamell for a smale Cablet weyng cc 
weight price the c — ix' so of hym bought to the 
vse of the seyd Ship within the tyme of this 
Acompte ....... xviij' 

Also the seyd Robert Brygandyne hath payed 

' 1497- 

^ 'Two cables spliced together make a shot' (Nomendator 
Navalis). 

' Lbs. 4z8. ■• Ropemaker. 



THE SOVEREIGN 185 

ffor certeyn Cordage necessarie ffor the seyd Ship 
That is to say ffyrst to Thomas Steward Willyam 
EUyott & Edmond White Ropers of Lynne for an 
hawser for ij Mayne tyes for the seyd Ship weyng 
Dccccxlix lb price the c weght ix= — iiij" v= And for 
iij hawsers of Normandie makyng weyng DC weight 
price the c x^ — Ix' And to Adrian Lokere Berebruer 
of Suthampton ffor ij hawsers of Jeane makyng 
weyng Dccc weyght price the c xiij' — ciiij^ Also 
for ij hawsers of Jeane makyng weyng dccc xij lb 
for bolte Ropes & other necessaries price the c 
weight ix' — Ixxiij^ & to Thomas Harres the Elder 
of Hamell for dc weight Ropes price the c x^ — Ix^ 
so of them bought to the behbff of the seyd Ship 
within the tyme of this Acompte . . xlx'' ij^ 

Raddelyne ^ Marlyne & Sayletwyne. Also 
the seyd Robert Brygandyne hath payed for dc 
weyght Radelyng price the c ix^ — liiij^ cc weight 
marlyne price the c x^ — xx^ & for A c weyght seyle 
twyne — xxxiij^ iiij* so by hym bought to the vSe & 
behofF of the seyd Ship within the tyme of this 
Acompte cxvj' iiij'' 

Sayle Nedylles. Also payed in lykewise for 
ccc sayle nedylles by hym bought to the use & 
behofF of the seid Ship within the tyme of this 
Acompte . . . . . . .iij' iiij^ 

Ores. Also the seyd Robert Brygandyne hath 
payed ffor 1 longe ores price the pece xij"^ And for 
iiij dossen ores bought at Hampton price the pece 
x"* So by hym bought ffor the Bootes of the seyd 
Ship within the tyme of this Acompte . iiij'" x' 

Scowpes & spades shodde with yron. 
Also payed in lykewyse for a dossen Scowpes ij' and 
a dossen spades shodde with yron v' by hym bought 
to the use & Behoffof theseyd Ship within the tyme 
of this Acompte ...••• vij' 
• Ratline stuff. 



i86 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Stuff of the Marie Towre bought and 
deliuered to the behofif of the Soueraigne. 

Also the seyd Robert Brygandyne hath payed to 
the executours of Sir Rauff Astrie Knyght By the 
handes of Thomas Wareley oon of the tellers of the 
Kyngys Receipte at Westminster for certeyn stuff 
takell and Apparell that late apperteyned to the 
Marie Towre That is to say for ij cables of xj 
ynche compas ij cables of x ynche compas iij cables 
almost X ynche compas A Cabelet of vj ynche 
compas ffor Boye ropes iij Boyropes of vj ynche 
compas j whele rope of viij ynche compas iij hawsers 
of vj ynche compas ij hawsers of v ynche compas 
iiij hawsers of iiij ynche compas And iij other 
hawsers of iij ynche compas Also xxj" poleyes 
with Shevers of Brasse By the seyd Robert 
Brygandyne to the vse & behoff of the seid ship 
bought within the tyme of this Acompte which 
stuff & takell by the preysement of John Miller & 
John Alyngton of Erith by the hyght myghty & 
dradde commaundement of our Soueraigne lord the 
Kyng indifferentlye chosen in the presence of Phylipp 
Richard oon of the Custumers of the Towne of 
Southampton & the seyd Robert Brygandyne was 
praysed & estemyd to the value of . cxxxvij" xvij^ 

Conveyaunce of takell & apparell by watyr. 
Also payed to Philipp Rychard oon of the Custumers 
of Southampton for the hyre & ffreght of John Millers 
Grayer of Eryth conveying the seid Stuff & Takell 
of the Marie Towre Aforesayd ffrome the Towne 
of Eryth to the porte of Portesmouth by couenaunt 
made with hym in grete within the tyme of this 
Acompte ...... xviij^ vj"^ 

Also payed to Richard Yoksale of Portesmouth 
ffor the hyre of hys bote conteynyng vij Tonne Tight 
for the conveyance of certeyn Stuff Takell & Apparell 
belongyng to the Soueraigne frome portesmouth into 



THE SOVEREIGN 187 

Hampton watyr where the seyd Ship laye At viij 
tymes within the tyme of this Acompte , xiiij^ 

Somme of the prouision of Takell & Apparell 
for the Soueraigne Aforesayd with conveyance of 
the same cclv" xiiij^ iij'' 

Somme of almaner of Costes Charges & Expences 
As concernyng the Soueraigne her grete bote Jolywat 
& Cokkebote within theforeseid tyme of this Acompte 

Biiij xv^vj" v"* 

The Accompt of Stuff Takell and Apparell 
Ordinaunces Artillaries and habilamentes 
ofwarreapperteynyng to the Soueraigne 
aforesayd 

Here ensueth thaccompte Aswell of almaner of 
Stuff Store Takell & Apparell as of ordinaunces 
Artilareis and habilamentes of Warre with other 
soundrie Necessaries Apperteynjng to the seyd 
ship the xxiiij'' day of Octobre the xj''' yere ^ of the 
Reigneof our Soueraigne lorde Kyng Henry the vij"" 
which day the seyd Robert Brygandyne ffyrst toke 
& Receyved the seyd Ship lying in the Rode at 
Eryth in Thamys into hys handes & guydyng by 
the Kynges commaundement by hys gracious mouth 
As of lyke stuff store takell & Apparell by the seyd 
Robert Brygandyne prouided ordined and bought 
or in any other maner of wise to & for the vse of 
the seyd Ship receyued with the deliueraunces 
employmentes expences perusings losses & waste 
of the same Stuff Takell store & other the premisses 
within the tyme of this Acompte As hereafter 
foloweth That is to say 

ffyrst the seid Ship with stuff takell apparell 
ordinaunces Artilarie & habilamentes of warre 

' 1495- 



i88 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



apperteynyng to the same the day & yere abouesayd 
Receyued at Eryth aforesayd 



Mayne mastes .... 
Mayne shrowdes .... 
Dedemenyen for the same . 
Chaynes of yron belongyng to the 

Shrowdes ..... 
Hallyers for the same Shrowdes ffeble 
Swyftyng Takells. 
Shyvers of Brasse with polies for the 

same ..... 

poUankers ..... 
Brytton ^ takles .... 
Shyvers of Brass with polies for the same 
Garnettes ..... 
Colkes of bras .... 
Mayne yerdes ffeble 
Sherehokes of yron 
Hopys of yron for the same . 
Mayne sayles ffeble 
Bonnettes for the same feble 
Mayne Stayes ffeble 
Tyes for the same old and ffeble . 
Jeres for the Mayne takell ^ . 
Mayne shuttes ^ olde and ffeble 
ware Takkes .... 

Mayne takkes olde and ffeble 
loff Hokes of yron 
Mayne braces olde & ffeble . 
Dowble clothes of newe canvas Towardes 

makyng of a newe sayle . 
Bowlynes for the mayne takle worne and 

ffeble 



J 
xxxij 

Ixiiij 



xxxij 
xxxij 
xvj 

xxiiij 
vj 

"1-1. 
viij 

iiij 

vj 

J 
nij 

J 
j 
j 

U 
ij 
u 
u 

xxx'' clothes 
ij 



' Probably a purchase formed by a combination of blocks, and 
now called a burton tackle. 

^ To raise or lower the main yard. ' Sheets. 



THE SOVEREIGN 



189 



up 



the Mayne 



lyftes for the Mayne Takle worne & fifeble 

Stedynges for the mayne takell 

Mayne parelles 

Trussys 

Drynges 

Colkes of Bras 

Wheles^ for to wynde 

Sayle 
Hawsers called whele Ropes for the same 

old and feble 
Stryke Ropes fifeble 
Braylles fifeble 
Mayne Toppes 
Mayne Toppe Mastes 
Colkes of Bras 
Mayne Toppe yerdes 
Shrowdes fifeble . 
Tyes fifeble . 
Hallyers 
Braces fifeble 
Lyftes fifeble 
Toppesayles fifeble 
Shuttes for the same 
Steyes fifeble 
Bowlynes fifeble . 
A parell for the mayne Toppe maste fifeble 
Garlandes of yron abought the mast hede 
fiforemastes . 
Shrowdes fifeble . 
Dedemenyne 
Chanys of yron belongyng vnto the seyd 

shrowdes . 
Hallyers to the same 
Swyftyng takles fifeble 
Tyes fifeble . 

■ ' The roller of a winch or windlass 



y 

J 

u 

y... 

viij 
J 



xij 

j 
j 

y 

y 

j 

y 

j 

y 

j 

j 

j 

xyj 
xxxij 

xvj 
xvj 
viij 



IQO 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Hallyers belongyng to the foremast & 
sayle aforesayd ffeble 

Shavers of Brasse in the hownde of the 
foremaste j in the Knyght of the fore- 
castell ij And in Store iij in all 

foreyerdes . 

fforesayles olde & ffeble 

Bonettes for the same olde & ffeble 

Lyftes for the same ffeble 

Bowlynes olde & ffeble 

Takkes olde & feble 

Shuttes ffeble 

Brasses ffeble 

Stayes ffeble 

A parell ffeble 

Trusses ffeble 

Drynges 

fforetoppes ffeble 

Toppe mastes for the same 

Yerdes 

Shrowdes ffeble 

Sayles ffeble. 

Lyftes ffeble. 

A parell 

Tyes ffeble . 

hallyers ffeble 

Stayes ffeble 

Bowlynes ffeble 

Shuttes ffeble 

Bowspretes . 

Shere hokes of yron 

fflowredelyeez ^ gylte 

yerdes , 

Sayles- ffeble 

Tyes ffeble . 



J 

J 

U 

U 

U 

y 

ij 

u 

j 

j 

u 

j 

j 

j 

j.. 

viij 

j 

U 

j 

j 

j 

j 

j 

y 

j 

y 

"j 

j 

j 

j 



' The Holy Ghost, of the reign of Henry V., had thite fleur- 
de-lis on the capstan ; here they seem to have been on the bowsprit. 



THE SOVEREIGN 



191 



polies with Shyvers of Brasse 

Shuttes fFeble 

yerd Ropes ffeble . 

Meson mastes 

Shrowdes ffeble . 

Dedemenyen 

Chaynes of yron . 

Hallyers ffeble 

Tyes ffeble . 

Hallyers ffeble for the same 

Shyvers of Bras . 

lyftes ffeble . 

Shuttes ffeble 

Trusses 

Aparell 

Sayle yeredes 

Sales ffeble . 

Toppes ffeble 

Stayes ffeble 

Boneaventure mastes 

Shrowdes ffeble . 

Dedemenyen 

Chaynes of yron . 

Halleyers ffeble . 

Stayes ffeble 

Tyes ffeble . 

Hallyers ffor the Boneaventer 

ffeble 
A parell 

Colkes of Brasse . 
Shyvers of Brasse 
Sayle yerdes 
Sayles ffeble 
Trusses ffeble 
Shuttes ffeble 
Mastes for owte lyggers at sterne 
Mayne Capsteyns ffeblq 



sayle 



J 
ij 
U 
J 

xxiiij 

xij 

xij 



»J 



vuj 
xvj 
viij 
viij 



192 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



lyftes capsteyns . 

fforecastell capsteyns 

Ankers called Shutte 

Ankers — ^j Brystoll — j 

Sterborde Bowers — ] 

Latheborde Bowers — j 

Sterborde destrelles — j . . . > 

Ladeborde destrelles — j 

Kaggyng Ankers — ij 

Bote Ankers j Cokke 

Ankers j in all 

Hokes of yron in the forecastell ych of 

theym with a shy ver of yron 
Dowble chaynes of yron seruyng for the 

mayne Staye and to the dedemenyen 
Long Devettes with ii shyvers of brasse 
Shorte Devettes ych of theym with a 

shever of yron . . . 
Devettes stondyng at the louffelawes ^ 

oon asterborde an other a latheborde 

ych of theym with a Shevei- of yron . 
Snache poleyes with oon shever of brasse 

to y^ same ..... 

Cables fFeble of xj ynch Compas — ij of 

X ynch compas — iij of vij ynch 

compas — ^j of vj ynch compas — j in 

all ...... . 

Newe cables of xiij ynch compas di — ij 

of X ynche compas — j in all 
Boye ropes for destrelles of vj ynche 

compas ...... 

Hawsers fifeble tarred .... 

Crete botes belongyng to the seid ship . 

Rothers to the same Bote 

Mastes. ...... 



nij 



vij 

iij 

ij 

"j 

j 

j 

j 



> The luff places. 



THE SOVEREIGN 



193 



Sayle yerdes .... 

Sayles ...... 

Shrowdes ..... 

Stayes to the mast 

Shyvers of yron in the Botes hede 

Devettes with a shyver of yron to the 

same ...... 

Cheynes in the bowes of the seid Bote 

armyng the Ankers . 
ores to the seid Bote . 
fforeskoUes to the seid Bote . 
AfterskuUes ^ to the same 
Cokkebotes belongyng to the seid Ship 
Shevers of yron in her Toppe 
Dyvettes with a colke of brasse in the 

same ..... 

Mastes. ..... 

Shrowdes ffeble .... 

Sayle yerdes .... 

ores belongyng to the seid Cokke 
After skuUys .... 

Botes called the Jolly vatt of the seid Ship 
Mastes. ..... 

Sayles olde ..... 

ores ...... 



J 

J... 
xiij 

J 
J 

J 

ij .. 

xviij 



J 

j 
j 

j 

Xlj 

j 
j 
j 
j 

uij 



In the Storehouse of the seid Shippe. 

Grappers of yron with cheynes to the 

same ...... ij 

poleyes of wode with iiij colkes of Brasse 

for the Botes takle .... iiij 

Smale cheynes for the loffes . . . ij 

Sowdyng ledes . . . . . ij 

' Fore and after sculls were presumably shorter and lighter 
than the regulation oars and sometimes used instead of them. 



194 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Hokes of yron to fisshe Ankers 

Crescentes to here fyre 

Mayne Stremers feble . 

Standardes feble . 

Crowes of yron 

Siege hamers of yron . 

Serpentynes of yron in the forecastell 
aboue in the Dekke yche of them with 
his miches & forloke^ of yron . 

Chambers of yron to the same 

Serpentynes of yron in the Somercastell 
alawe ^ ych of them with his miche & 
foreloke of yron .... 

Chambers of yron to the same 

Stone gonnes ^ of yron in the Wast of 
the seid Shipp with miches & forlokkes 
to the same ..... 

Chambers of yron to the same 

Serpentynes of yron in the Somercastell 
with miches & forlokes to the same . 

Serpentynes of Brasse with his miche & 
forloke in the seid Somercastell 

Stone gonnes in the seid Somercastell 
ych of them with his miche & fore- 
loke ....... 

Chambers to the seid Serpentynes & 

Stone gonnes ..... 
Serpentynes of yron in the Sterne of the 

' The miche and forlock belonged to the chamber, e.g. ' every 
chamber having one meche and one forlock ' {Letters &• Papers 
of Henry VIII. i. 4968). They were appurtenances belonging to 
the gun but not a fixed part of it, and were of iron (cf. p. 261). The 
obvious derivation of miche is from the French mhhe, a linstock, 
but it is doubtful whether it is correct here. 

^ Below, in relation to something else ; here in comparison 
with 'the Dekke ovyr the somercastell.' (Cf. p. 216.) 

' Guns firing stone shot ; patereros or pierriers, probably the 
same as ' murderers ' in the sixteenth century. 



j 
j 

mj 

j 

j 



xvj 
xlviij 



xxnij 
Ixxij 



XX 

Ix 

XX 

j 

XX 

iiijxij 



THE SOVEREIGN 



195 



seid ship with miches and forlokes to 
the same ...... 

Chambers of Yron for the same . 

Serpentynes of yron in the Dekke ovyr 
the Somercastell with miches & fore- 
lokkes to the same .... 

Chambers to the same .... 

Serpentynes of yron in the poppe of the 
seid shipp with miches & forelokes to 
the same .... 

Chambers of yron to the same 

Bowes of Ewe 

Chystes to the same 

Arowes 

Chystes for the same 

Speres . 

Gonnepowdre 

Pelletes of lede 

Dyce of yron of ynche & di square 

Gonners hamers of Iron 

Ladylles of yron to meh lede fore 
pellettes . 

Mouldes of Stone for to cast pellettes of 
lede . 

Ketylles of brasse to seth in ffleshe that 
is to say with a Bonde & ij Rynges of 
yron j ; with iiij rynges of yron lesse 
theyn that j ; of x galons with a bayle^ 
of yron j — in all .... 

Spyttes of yron ..... 

Trevettes of yron ..... 

Tonges of yron ..... 

Hokes to hange the ketylles with a 
chayne of yron to the same 

Grydeyorns ...... 

Cole Rakes of yron 

• A handle. 



lUJ 
xij 



XXV 

Ixxv 



XX 

Ix 
cc 

iiij 

Dccc sheff 
xvj 

XX 

iiij 

V barelles 

cccc 

cc 

xij 

j 



j 

j 

j payer 



J 
j 
j 

o 2 



196 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Tankardes for drynk . . . . ij 

Lanternes olde grete and smale . . vij 
Mete tables in the Captaynes Caban and 

in the Maisters cabayn . . . ij 

Trystelles for the same . . . iiij 

Stuff takle & apparell with other neces- 
saries bought to & ffor the use of the seid 
ship within tyme of this Acompte 

Bonaventure mastes j ; mastes prouyded 
for makyng of a mayne yerde — ij in 
all . , . . . . • iij 

Canvas ...... Iij boltes 

Cables of diuerse sortes that ys to say 
weyng m'm'dcccxv lb — ij ; weyng vj"' 
lb — ij ; of xj ynche compas — ij ; of x 
ynche compas ij ; of skant x ynche 
compas — iij ; in all ... xj 

Cablettes weyng cc weght — j of vj ynch 
compas — j ..... ij 

Hawsers for mayne tyes weyng dccccxHx 
lb — j ; of Jeane makyng weyng cccc j 
qr — -j ; weyng Dcccxij lb — ij ; of vj ynch 
compas — iij ; of v ynch compas — ij ; of 
iiij ynch compas — iiij ; & of iij ynch 
compas — iij ; of Normandy makyng 
weyng DC weght — iij ; of Jeane makyng 
weyng dccc weght — ij ; in all . . xxj 
Ropes for haylliers . . . . dc weght 

Ropes of vj ynch compas for Boy Ropes iij 
whele Ropes of viij ynch compas . . j 
poleyes with Shevers of Brasse . . xxj 
ores for the Bote of the seyd Ship . cxvj 
Raddelyne ...... dc weght 

Marlyne ccx lb weght 

Sayle twyne ex lb weght 



THE SOVEREIGN 



197 



Sayle nedylles . 

Skoppes . . 

Spades shode with yron 

Erode Bare Showells 

Showells shode with yron 

Skopes to here in pytche 

Tankardes to draw in Bere 

Drynkyng holies 

Trene platters . 

Hand baskettes for brede 

Maundes to bere in fflesshe 

Tappes & Canelles to draw bere with 

Crawes of yron weyng xxxj lb, 

Bokettes to draw watyr owte of the 

Dokke bonde with xxviij lb yron 
Miches with a swevell a bolt & a 

Ryng of Iron belongyng to the 

Ingine to drawe water owte of the 

Dokke weyng xviij lb . 
Spade yrons ..... 
Dryftes of yron with iij pounchons of 

yron & Stele weyng xij lb 
Lanternes ...... 



ccc 

j dossen 

j dossen 

xij 

xij 

xij 

XJ 

ij dossen di 
ij dossen di 

ij 

|j 

ij dossen 

ij 
ilij 



nij 



XIJ 



StuflF receyued owte of the Kynges 
shippe called the Regent 

Cables of xiij ynch compas . . ij 

Takle & apparell wroght & made of the 
Kynges stuff for the seid Ship ' within the 
tyme of this Acompt. 

Mayne Tyes ..... ij 
Taylyng Ropes for the Mayne sayle . vj 
Crane lynes for the Mayne Toppe . j 

• The Sovereign. 



198 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 


hallyers for the foresale 


J 


Tyes for the Bowe spryte sayle . 


J 


hallyers for the mayne shrowdes 


xyj 


Boye Ropes 


ij 


ma:yne Lyftes .... 


y 


mayne Jeres .... 


j 


mayne Bowelynes . 


y 


Bracez ffor the foresayle . 


y 


Trusses ffor the mayne sayle 


u 


Drynges ffor the mayne sayle . 


u 


Trussez for the foresayle . 


y 


Bowelynes for the same 


• y 


Mayne Sayles .... 


• j 


Bonettes for the same 


• j 


Fore sayles .... 


• j 


Bonnettes for the same 


• j 



Somme totall of all Stuff takle & Apperell 
ordinaunce Artillarie & Abillamentes of 
warre with other Necessaries afore Re- 
ceyued. 

mayne Mastes .... 

mayne Shrowdes 

Dedemenyen .... 

Chaynes of yron for the Shrowdes 

hallyers for the same Shrowdes 

Sweftyng takles 

PoUankers .... 

Shevers of Brasse with poleyes . 

Bretton takles .... 

Shevers of Brasse with poleyes to the 

same ..... 
Garnettes ..... 
Colkes of brasse 
Mayne yerdes ffeble . 
Mastes provyded to make a Newe 

mayne yerde ..... 



J 
xxxij 

Ixiiij 

xxxij 

xlviij 

xvj 

vj 
xlv 

iiij 

viij 
iiij 
vj 
j 



THE SOVEREIGN 



199 



Sherehokkes of yron 
Hoopes of yron to the same 
Mayne sayles . 
Bonettes for the same 
Mayne stayes ffeble . 
Tyes to the same 
Jeres for the mayne takle 
Mayne shuttes ffeble . 
Mayne Takkes ffeble 
Ware Takkes ffeble . 
Lofif Hokes of yron . 
Mayne Bracez ffeble . 
Doble clothes of New 

makyng of a sayle . 
Canvas bought . 
mayne Bowelynes 
Lyftes for mayne takle 
Stedynges for the mayne takle 
Mayne parelles . 
Trusses for the mayne Sayle 
Drynges for the mayne Sayle 
Colkes of brasse 
Wheles for wyndyng the Sayle 
Whele ropes to the same . 
Strykke Ropes feble . 
Braylles ffeble . 
Tayllyng Ropes for the Mayne 
Mayne Toppes . 
Mayne Tope Mastes . 
Colkes of brasse 
Mayne Tope yerdes . 
Shrowdes ffeble 
Tyes ffeble 
hallyers 
Bracez ffeble 
Lyftes ffeble 
Crayne lynes 



canvas for 



vp 



Sayle 



nij 

y 
y 

nij 

J 
nij 

y 
y 
y 
y 
y 
y 

xxx'' clothes 
lij boltes 
iiij 

»y 
y 

J 
nij 

"9. 
viij 

j 

y 
y 
j 

vj 

j 
j 
j 
j 

Xlj 

j 

j 

y 

y 

j 



200 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Toppe sayles ffeble .... 
Shuttes to the same .... 
Stayes ffeble ..... 
Bowlynes ffeble .... 

Apparell ^ for the mayne Toppe Maste 
Garlandes of yron to the seyd Maste 

hedde ..... 
fibre mastes .... 
Shrowdes ffeble 

Dedemenyen .... 
Chaynes of yron for the Shrowdes 
hallyers to the seyd Shrowdes . 
Swyftyng takles ffeble 
Tyes ffeble .... 
Hallyers for the fore sayle 
Shyvers of brasse in the howndes of 

the fforemast — j ; in the Knyght of 

the fore castell — ij ; in Store — iij 

in all . 
ffore yerdes 
.ffore sayles 
Bonettes for the same 
Lyftes for the same . 
Bowelynes for the same 
Takkes ffeble . 
Shuttes ffeble . 
Brassez 
Trussez 
Stayes ffeble 
Apparell ffeble . 
Drynges . 
fore Toppes ffeble 
Toppe mastes . 
Yerdes 
Sayles ffeble 
Shrowdes ffeble 

' A parrel. 



J 

y 

J 

iJ 

j 

j 

j 
xvj 

xxxij 

xyj 

xvj 
viij 

y 



j 

y 

"j 

y 

nij 

y 
y 

nij 

Ulj 

j 
j 
j 
j 
j 
j 
j.. 

viij 



THE SOVEREIGN 



20I 



Lyftes ffeble 

Apparell 

Tyes ffeble 

Hallyers ffeble . 

Stayes ffeble 

Bowleynes ffeble 

Shuttes ffeble . 

Bowsprettes 

Sherehokes of yron 

fflowredelyces gylt 

Yerdes 

Tyes 

Polyes with Shevers of Brasse 

Shuttes ffeble . 

Yerde Ropes ffeble . 

Sayles ffeble 

Meson Mastes . 

Shrowdes ffeble 

Dedemenyen 

Chaynes of yron 

Hallyers ffeble . 

Tyes ffeble 

Hallyers feble to the seyle 

Shevers of Brasse 

Lyftes ffeble 

Shuttes ffeble 

Trussez 

Aparell 

Sayle yerdes 

Sayles ffeble 

Toppes ffeble 

Stayes ffeble 

Boneaventure Mastes 

Shrowdes ffeble 

Dedemenyen 

Chaynes of yron 

Hallyers ffeble . 



U 

J 

J 

J 

j 

y 

y 

j 

y 

"j 

j 

y 

j 

y 

y 

j 

j 

xxiiij 

xij 

xij 

j 
j 

»y 

j 

j 

j 

j 

j 

j 

j 

j 

y... 

viij 
xvj 
viij 
viij 



202 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Stayes ffeble 

Tyes ffeble 

Hallyers for the Boneaventure sayle 

Aparell 

Colkes of brasse 

Shyvers of Brasse 

Sayle yerdes 

Sayles ffeble 

Trusses ffeble . 

Shuttes ffeble . 

Mastes for pwte lygers at Sterne 

Mayne capsteyns 

Lyfte ^ Capsteynes . 

forecastle capsteyns . 

Cables 

Cablettes . 

Hawsers . 

Ropes of divers sortes 

Ropes for hallyers 

Raddelyne 

Marlyne . 

Sayle twyne 

Sayle Nedelles . 

Grette bootes belongyng to the seid 

ship 
Rothers to the same . 
Mastes 
Sayle yerdes 
Sayles 
Shroudes . 
Steyes for the mast . 
Shevers of yron in the Botes hede 
Devettes vith Sheevers of yron . 
Chaynes for Armyng the Ankers of the 

seid Boote 
fore Skolles & after SkoUes to the 



same 



J 
xxiij 

y ... 

xxiiij 

vij 

DC weght 

DC weght 

OCX lb weght 

ex weght 

ccc 



' Auxiliary. 



J... 
xiij 



J 
ij 



THE SOVEREIGN 



203 



Jolywatt to the seyd 



J 
J 

J 
J 

j 

j 

j 
cl 

X 



Cokke botes to the seid Ship . . j 
Shevers of yron in here toppe . . j 
Devettes with a colke of brass in the 

same 
Mastes 

Shrowdes fifeble 
Sayle yerdes 
After skoUes 
Botes called the 

Ship 
Mastes 
Sayles olde 
Ores to the seid botes 
Ankers 
Hokes of yron in the fforecastell with 

Shevers of yron to the same . 
Ropes to the same .... 

Doble chaynes of yron to the Mayne 

stay & dedemenyen 
Long Devettes with ij Shyvers of 
brasse ...... 

Shorte Devettes with Shevers of 
brasse ...... 

Devettes standyng in the lowffelewes 

— j a sterbord an other a latebord 

ych of theym with a shever of Iron 

Snatch poleyes ych of theym vith a 

shy ver of bras 
J ere poleyes vith a shy ver of Brasse 
Skoopes for pitche . 
Spades shode with yron . 
Showelles shodde vith yron 
Brode bare Shovelles 
Tankardes for bere . 
Drynkyng bolles 
Trene platters . 
Hande baskettes 



j 

ij dossen 

j dossen 

j dossen 

xij 

ij dossen di 
ij dossen di 



204 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Maundes for ffleshe . . . . ij 

Tappes & candles for here . . ij dossen 

Lanternes. ..... xix 

Crowes of yron weyng xxxj lb . . ij 
Bokettes to drawe water owte of the 

Dokke with ..... iiij 
Miches with a swevell a bolte & a 

Ryng for the Ingynne to draw water 

owt of the Dokke . . . . j 

Spade yrons ..... iiij 
Dryftes of yron vith iiij pounchions of 

yron & stele weyng xij lb . . j 



In the Storhowse of the seyd ship 

Grapers of yron with chaynes to the 

same ...... ij 

Polices with iiij colkes of Brasse for 

the Botes takle 
Smale chaynys for the Luffes . 
Sowndyng leddes 

Hokes of yron to ffyshe the Ankers 
Cressettes of yron 
Mayne stremers 
Standards ffeble 

Crowes of yron .... 
Siege hamers .... 
Sarpentenes of yron in the forcastell 

with boltes & forelokes to the same xl 
Chambers of yron for the same . . cxx 
Stone Gonnes of yron in the wast 

of the sayd Ship vith miches & for- 

lokes ..... 



nij 

y 

y 

y 

j 

j 

"j 

j 

j 



XX 



Chambers of yron to the same . . Ix 



THE SOVEREIGN 



205 



Serpentynes of yron in dyvers places 
of the seyd Ship with micnes & 
forlokes . . . . . 

Serpentyns of brasse with miches & 
forlokkes .... 

Stone Gonnes vith miches and for 
lokes ..... 

Chambers to the seyd serpentynes & 
stone gonnes . . 

Bowes of Ewe .... 

Chystes to the same , 

Arrowes ..... 

Chystes to the same . 

Sperys ..... 
Gonnepowdre , . . , 
Palettes of lede .... 
Dyce of yron of ynch di square . 
Gonners hamers of yron . 
Ladelles of yron to melt lede in . 
Moldes of stone for to caste pellettes of 

lede ..... 
Ketelles of brasse to seth in ffleshe 
Spittes of yron .... 
Trevettes of yron 
Tongges of yron 
Hoke with chaynes to hang the Ketell 

on 

Grydeyrons .... 

Colrakes ^ of yron 

Drynkyng Tankardes 

Tables to dynne at in the seyd ship 

Trestelles to the same 



Ixix 



ccxxxix 

cc 

iiij 

Dccc sheffes 

xvj 

iiij 

V barelles 

cccc 

cc 

xij 

J 

vj 

"J 

J 

j 

j payre 

j 
j 
j 

ij 

y 

Ulj 



Coalrakes. 



2o6 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Delyuerances perusyngs & otherwyse de- 
menynges of the Stuff Tackle Artillarie 
& Abillamentes of warre aforesaid. 

Stuff spent and employed- in makyng of takle 
and apparell for the seid Ship. 

ffyrst there is employed & spent thies parcelles 
of stuff ensuyng in Newe makyng of takle & a 
parell for the vse & Behouff of the seid Ship That 
is to say an hawser of Dccccxlix lb weight for makyng 
of ij mayne tyes ; Also iij hausers of Normandye 
makyng weyng dc weight abought makyng of vj 
tayle ropes for the Mayne sayle and a craynelyne for 
the mayne Toppe ; Also ij hausers weyng dccc 
weight employed for makyng an hallyer for the fore 
sayle And A tye for the bow Spret sayle ; Also dc 
weight of cordage spent for makyng of xvj hallyers 
for the mayne Shrowdes ; A cabellet of vj ynch 
compas occupyed & Cutte for makyng of ij boye 
Ropes ; Also iij hausers of vj ynch compas for 
makyng of ij mayne lyftes And a mayne J ere ; Also 
ij hausers of v ynch compas for makyng ij mayne 
Bowelynes ; Also iiij hausers of iiij ynch compas 
spent in makyng ij trusses ij drynges for the mayne 
sayle ; Also iij hausers of iij ynch compas for makyng 
of ij trussez ij bowelynes & ij bracez for the fore- 
sayle ; Also xxx" doble clothes of New canvas Iij 
boltes ^ canuas ccx lb weight marlyne ex lb weight 
Sayle twyne dc weight Raddelyne ccc sayle Nedylles 
occupyed spent & broken Abought makyng of a 
New mayne sayle and A bonett to the same A new 

' The bolt now contains 40 yards of canvas from 18 inches to 
2 feet wide, and weighs from 25 to 48 lbs. ; in the reign of Eliza- 
beth it was 28 yards long and 27 inches wide. The measurements 
seem to have varied according to the local customs of the places 
of manufacture. 



THE SOVEREIGN 



207 



foresayle & a bonett to the same ; And for Raddelyng 
of the Shrowdes of the seid Ship within the time of 
this Acompte 

Cablettes of vj ynch compas . . j 
Hausers of Dccccxlix lb — j ; of 

Normandy makyng weyng dc weight 

— iij ; of Dccc weight — ij ; of yj ynch 

compas — iij ; of v ynch compas — ij ; 

of iiij ynch compas — iiij ; And of iij 

ynch compas — iij ; in all 
Cordage .... 
Doble clothes of New canvas 
Boltes of Newe Canvas 
Marelyne .... 
Sayle Twyne . 
Sayle Nedylles . 
Raddelyne 



xvuj 

DC weight 

XXX 

Iij 
ccx lb 

ex lb 

ccc 

DC weight 



Stuff spent & employed Abought the Reparalyng 
& amendyng of certeyne Takle belongyng to the 
seid ship. 

Also ther is spent employed and Annexed To and 
abought reparacion and Amendyng of certeyne 
Takle & Apparell belongyng vnto the seid ship 
thies parcelles ensuyng That is to say ij hausers of 
Jeane makyng weyng Dcccxij lb spent cutte and 
occupied Aboute the makyng of Bolte ropes for 
the seyles of the seyd ship Also a cabelette of cc 
weght occupied & spent Abought the wollyng' of 
the mayne yerde belongyng vnto the seid ship 
within the tyme of this Acompte. 

Hausers of Jeane makyng weyng 

Dcccxij lb .... . ij 
Cablettes of cc weight . . . j 

' Woulding ; cf. p. 277. 



208 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Stuff takle & apparell with other necessaries 
perused worn broken & spent for the 
defence of the seid Ship. 

Also ther is perused worne broken wasted lost & 
spent thies parcelles of Stuff takle & apparell with 
other Necessaries ensuyng As well To & for the 
use defence Saufegarde & kepyng of the seid ship 
lying in the Thamys And at Portesmouth ffrome 
the xxiiij* day of Octobre in the xj"" yere ^ of our 
soueraigne lord Kyng Henry the vij* vnto the 
xxix* day of Januarye in the xij* yere ^ of hys seid 
reign As afore that tyme occupied And perused 
And By long contynuaunce enfebeled that is to say 

mayne sayles 
Bonettes to the same 
foresayles .... 
Bonettes to the same 
Boneaventure mastes 
hallyers for the mayne Shrowdes 
Jeres for the mayne sayle . 
Bowlynes .... 
Lyftes for the same . 
Trusses for the same 
drynges .... 
Whele ropes for the mayne sayL 
hallyers for the foresayle . 
Bowlynes for the same 
Bracez for the same . 
Trussez for the same 
Tyes for the Bowsprett 
Boyeropes 

Spades Shode with yron . 
Spade yrons 
Shodde shovelles 

* 1495- ^ 1497- 



J 
J 
J 
J 

j 

xvj 

j 

y 

u 

u 

j 

j 

j 

u 

ij 

y 

j 

y 

j dossen 

iiij 

xij 



THE SOVEREIGN 209 

Bare shovelles . . . . • xij 
Scopys to here in pytche . . .xij 
ores ...... xl 



Stuff delyuered to the Kynges Ship called 
the Regent. 

Also delyuered to our soveraigne lord the 
Kynges ship Riall called the Regent in Eschaunge for 
ij cables of xiij ynche compas with the whuch the 
seid Robert Brygandyn Afore in thaccompt of 
Stuff of thes ship is charged As in the tytle of foren 
Receyptes of Stuff for the seid ship more planly 
apperyth. 

Cables of xj ynch compas . . ij 



Stuff delyuered to the Kynges Storehouse 
At the Dokke At Portesmouth. 

Also delyuered into the Storehouse of our 
soveraigne lord the Kynges at Portesmouth ther to 
his behoffe to be kepte thiese parcelles of Stuff 
folowyng with the whuch the seid Robert 
Brygandyne is to be charged in thaccompte of Store 
of the seid Dokke 

Bokettes to draw water owt of the 
Dokke bounde with xxviij lb yron . iiij 

Michies with a swevell a bolt & a ryng 
of yron belongyng to the Ingynne 
to draw water at the Dokke weyng 
xviij lb . . . . . . j 

With the whuch the seid Robert Brygandyn is 
charged in the acompte of the seid dokke 

Answered in the dokke 



2IO 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



And so remaneth .the seid Ship with her 
stuff takle Apparell Ordinaunce Artillarie 
& abillamentes of warre ensuyng to the 
handes of James ffynche Capteyn of the 
seid ship & other delyuered As by an 
Indenture apon the delyuerie of the said 
Ship made more playnly apperithe. 



Mayne Mastes . 




J 


Mayne Shrowdes 




xxxij 


Dedemenyen . 




Ixiiij 


Chaynes of yron belongyng 


to the 




same Shrowdes 




xxxij 


hallyers for the same . 




xxxij 


Sweftyng takles 




xvj 


poUankers 




vj 


Shyvers of brasse with pollyes 


to the 




same .... 




xlv 


Breton takles 




iiij 


Shyvers of Brasse with polleys 


for the 




same .... 




viij 


Garnettes .... 




iiij 


Colkes of Brasse 




vj 


mayne yerdes ffeble . 




J 


Mastes prouided to make 


a new 




mayne yerde . 




ij 


Shere hokes of yron . 




iiij 


hoopes of yron to the same 




ij 


Mayne sayles . 




j 


Bonettes to the same 




iij 


Mayne [Sayle] Stayes ffeble 




j 


Tyes to the same 




iiij 


Jeres for the mayne takle . 




j 


Mayne shuttes ffeble . 




ij 


Mayne Takkes ffeble 




ij 


Ware Takkes ffeble 




J 

ij 


lofif hokes of yron 




J 

ij 



THE SOVEREIGN 



211 



mayne Braces ffeble . 

mayne Bowlynes 

lyftes for the mayne takle . 

Stedynges for the mayne takles . 

Mayne parelles . 

Trusses for the mayne sayle 

Drynges for the mayne sayle 

Colkes of brasse 




• U 

• U 

• U 

• J 

• y... 

. viij 


whele ropes to the mayne sayle . 
wheles to wynde vp the mayne sayle 
Stryke ropes ffeble . 
Braylles ffeble .... 
Tayllyng roppes for the mayne sayle 
Mayne Toppes .... 
Mayne Toppe mastes 
Colkes of Brasse 


■ J 
' j 

• j 

j 
j 
j 


Mayne Toppe yerdes 
Shrowdes ffeble 




j 

Xlj 


Tyes ffeble .... 
hallyers ..... 
Bracez ffeble .... 




j 
j 
ij 


lyftes ffeble .... 
Craynelynes .... 
Toppesayles ffeble 
Shuttes to the same . 




j 
j 

ij 


Steyes ffeble .... 
Bowlynes ffeble 

Aparell for the mayne toppe maste 
Garlandes of yron Abowte the masl 


j 

j 


hede 




j 


foremastes .... 




j 


Shrowdes ffeble 




xvj 


Dedemenyen 

Chaynes of yron for the seid Shrowdes 


xxxij 
xvj 


Hallyers for the seyd Shrowdes 

Sweftyng takles ffeble 

Tyes ffeble .... 




xvj 
viij 



P 2 



212 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Hallyers to the foresayle . 

Shyvers of Brasse in the howndes of 
the formaste — j ; in the Knyght of 
the forecastell — ij ; in Store — iij 
in all . 

ffore yerdes 

fore saylles 

Bonettes to the same 

lyftes for the same ffeble 

Bowlynes for the same 

Takkes ffeble 

Shuttes ffeble 

Bracez 

Trussez 

Steyes ffeble 

Aparell ffeble 

drynges 

ffore toppes ffeble 

Toppe mastes for the same 

Yerdes 

Saylles ffeble 

Shrowdes ffeble 

lyftes ffeble 

Aparell 

Tyes ffeble 

hallyers ffeble 

Steyes ffeble 

Bowlynes ffeble 

Shuttes ffeble 

Bowsperrettes 

Shere hokes of yron 

fflowrdelyez Gylte 

yerdes 

Sayles ffeble 

Tyes 

polleyes with shyvers of Brasse 

Shuttes ffeble . 



J 

J 

y 
u 
ij 
ij 
u 

u 

j 

j 

y 

j 

j 

j 

j.. 

viij 

ij 

j 

j 

j 

j 

y 

j 

y 

"j 

j 

j 

j 

j 

y 



THE 


SOVEREIGN 


2] 


yerde Ropes ffeble . . . . 


ij 


Meson Mastes . 




j 


Shrowdes ffeble 




xij 


Dedemenyen 




xxiiij 


Chaynes of yron 




xij 


hallyers ffeble . 




xij 


Tyes ffeble 




j 


Hallyers for the sayles ffeb 


le '. 


j 


Shevers of brasse 




"j 


lyftes ffeble 




j 


Shuttes ffeble 






j 


Trusses ffeble 






j 


Aparell 






J 

j 


Sayle yerdes 






j 


Sayles ffeble 






j 


Toppes ffeble 






j 


Steyes ffeble 






j 


Boneaventure mastes 




j 


Shrowdes ffeble 




viij 


Dedemenyen 




xvj 


Chaynes of yron 




viij 


Hallyers ffeble . 




viij 


Steyes ffeble 






Tyes ffeble 






Hallyers for the sayles 






Aparell 






Colkes of brasse 




V 


Shyvers of brasse 






Sayle yerdes 






Sayles ffeble 






Trusses ffeble . 






Shuttes ffeble . 






Mastes for the owte lygers 


at Sterne 




Mayne capsteynes ffeble 






lyfte capsteynes 






forecastell capsteynes 






Cables olde & f 


feble of xj 


ynch com 


- 



214 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



pas — ij ; of x ynch compas — iij ; 
of vij ynch compas — j ; of vj ynch 
compas — j : — vij. Newe cables of 
xiij ynch di compas — ij ; of ix ynch 
compas — j ; of xiij ynch compas — ij ; 
Cables weyng m'm'dcccxv lb — ij ; 
weyng vj"' lb— ij ; of x ynche com- 
pas ij ; of Skante x ynch compas 
— iij : — xiiij ..... 

Cablettes of vj ynch compas 

Hawsers olde & ffeble Tarred — iij ; 
New Hawsers weyng cccc j quar- 
teron ^ nott tarred — j . ' . 

Boye ropes of vj ynch compas . 

Grette bootes belongyng to the seid 
Ship 

Rothers to the same 

Mastes 

Sayle yerdes 

Sayles 

Shrowdes . 

Stayes for the maste 

Shevers of yron in the Bootes hede . 

Devettes with a shever of yron to the 
same ...... 

Chaynes in the Bowgh of the seid Bote 
Armyng thankers .... 

fifore skolles j & aftere skolles j to the 
seid Bote ..... 

Cokkebotes belongyng to the seid ship 

Shevers of yron in herre toppe . 

Devettes with a colke of brasse in the 
same ...... 

Mastes ...... 

Shrowdes ffeble .... 

Sayle yerdes 

' Four cwt. and i qr. of a cwt. 



xxj 
j 



nij 
v 

j 
j 
j 
j 

j... 
xiij 

j 
j 

j 



J 
j 

j 
j 

vj 
j 



THE SOVEREIGN 



215 



After skoUes 

Botes called the Jolywat to the seid 

shipp ...... 

Mastes ...... 

Sayles ffeble ..... 

Ores for the foresayd botes of the seid 

ship ...... 

Ankers to the seid ship that is to say 

Shut ankers — j ; called the Brystoll 

— -j ; Sterbord bowers — j ; latebord 

Bowers — j ; Sterbord destrelles-7-j ; 

latebord destrelles — j ; Caggers — ij ; 

Bote ankers — j ; Cokke ankers — j ; 

in all . 
Hokes of yron in the forecastell with 

shyvers of yron to the same . 
Ropes to the seid hokes . 
Doble chaynes of yron to the Staye & 

dedemenyen of the seid ship . 
Long Devettes with ij shyvers of 

Brasse ...... 

Shorte devettes ych of theym with a 

shever of Iron .... 
Devettes standyng at the lofflowes oon 

asterborde & an other alatheborde 

with shyvers of Iron 
Snatche poleyes with shyvers of Brasse 
Jere poleyes with a shyver of Brasse 
Tankardes to draw here in 
Drynkkyng boUes 
Trene platters . 
Hande baskettes for brede 
Maundes to bere in fflesshe 
Lanternes 

Crowes of yron weyng xxxj lb 
Dryftes with iiij pownchions of yron & 

Stele weyng xij lb . 



J 

j 
j 

ex 



X 

U 



y 
"j 
j 

ij dossen di 
ij dossen di 

ij 

ij 
xij 

U 
j 



2l6 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



In the Storehouse of the seid Ship— 

Grappers of yron with chaynes to 

the same . . . . • ij 
PoUeyes with colkes of Brasse for the 

Botes takle ijij 

SmaJe chaynes for loffes . . . ij 
Soundyng leddes . . . . ij 

Hokes of yron to fysshe ankers . . ij 
Cressettes ...... j 

Stremers ffeble . . . . j 

Standerdes ffeble .... iiij 

Crowes of yron . . . . j 

Siege hamers of yron . . . . j 

Serpentynes of yron in the forecastell 
aboue the Dekke with myches & 
forelokkes to the same . . . xvj 
Chambers of yron to the same . . xlviij 
Serpentynes of yron in the forecastell 

alowe with miches & forelokes of yron xxiiij 
Chambers of yron to the same . . Ixxij 
Stone gonnes of yron in the waste of 
the seid ship with miches & fore- 
lokes to the same . . . . xx 

Chambers of yron to the same . . Ix 
Serpentynes of yron in the Somer- 
castell of the seid Ship with miches 
& forelokkes to the same . . xx 
Serpentynes of Brasse in the Somer- 

castell with a miche & a forelokke . j 
Stone gonnes in the Somercastell with 

miches & forelokkes . . • xj 
Chambers to the seid Serpentynes & 

iiijxij 



Stone gonnes 
Serpentynes of yron in the 
with miches & forelokkes 



Sterne 



"y 



THE SOVEREIGN 



217 



Chambers of yron to the same . 
Serpentynes of yron in the Dekke 

over the Somercastell with miches 

& forelokes . 
Chambers to the same 
Serpentynes of yron in the pope with 

miches and forelokkes 
Chambers to the same 
Bowes of Ewe . 
Chystes to the same 
Arrowes . 
Chystes to the same 

Speres 

Gonnepoudre . 

Pelettes of lede . 

Dyce of yron of ynche di sqware 

Gonne Hamers of yron 

Ladelles of yron to melte lede in for 

makyng of pellettes 
Moldes of Stone for castyng of pelettes 
Ketylles of Brasse for Sethyng of 

mette bounde with yron — j ; with 

iiij rynges — j ; of x Galones with 

a bayle of yron — j ; in all 
Spettes of yron 
Trevettes of yron 
Tonges of yron 
Hokes to hang Ketylles on with 

chaynes of yron 
Grydyrons .... 

Cole rakes of yron . 
Tankardes to drynke in 
Lanterns ffeble grete iij smale iiij 
Mete tables in the capteyn ys caban 

— ^j ; in the maysters caban — ^j 

in all . 
Trestelles to the same 



xij 



XXV 

Ixxv 

XX 

Ix 
cc 

iiij 

Dccc shefes 
xvj 

XX 

iiij 

V barelles 

cccc 

cc 

xij 



vj 



"J 
j 

j 

j payer 

j 
j 
j 

V 

vij 



nij 



2i8 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

The whuch Ship with all stuff tacle & apparell 
ordynaunce artillarie and abillamentes of warre a,pper- 
teynytig to the same as aforesaid upon thende of this 
Accompte Remaynyng by the Kynges his myghty 
& dradde commaundement was delyuered to James 
ffynch & other merchauntes for a viage to be made 
into the levaunt the last day of January the xij* 
yere^ of his most noble Reygne as by the Indenture 
afore specified more playnely apperith Of the Whuch 
Ship with all the Stuff takell & other premises the 
seid James ffynch & other merchaunts as aforesiaid 
ar to answer accordyng to the Tenor of the seid 
Indenture &c 



The Kynges ship called the Regent 

Here ensue the paymentes made by the seyd 
Robert Brygandyne Aswell of the costes of kepyng 
the Kynges Riall Shipp called the Regent as 
of provision of Stuff Takell & Apparell Repara- 
cion & Ryggyng of the same at diuerse & soundrie 
tymes within the tyme of this Acompte As here- 
after ensueth That is to say 

Wages of maryners. ffyrst the seyd Robert 
Brygandyne hath payed for the wages of xvij mari- 
ners contynually awatyng & attendyng Abought the 
Kepyng of the seid Ship ffrome the fyrst day of May 
the X* yere ^ of the Reigne of owre soveraigne lord 
Kyng Henry the vij"" whuch day the seyd Robert 
Brygandyn At Portesmouth Receyued the seid ship 
vnto the xxvj* day of Juyn next ensuyng by the 
space of ij monethes That is to sey to Harvy 
Haward maister at iij^ iiij'' by the weke — xxvj^ viij'^ 
John Easton purser & John Tego boteswayn ych of 
theym at ij^ by the weke — xxx;ij' John Robyns 

' 1497- ■ * 1495- 



THE REGENT 219 

Steward at xviij'' by the weke — xij' Cornelys Con- 
ner at vij' vj"* by the monethe — xv» John Tipsheff 
at xx'^ by the weke — xiij" iiij"* John Ewstas & 
Thomas Hoker ych of theym at xv"^ by the weke 
— xx^ viij othes maryners & a page ych of the 
maryners at xij'^ — Ixiiij' & the page at vj"^ by the 
weke iiij^ — Ixviij^ in all amountyng to . ix'' vij' 

Vitayle. Also payed for the boorde & vitayle 
of the seid xvij personnes by the seid ij monethes 
ych of theym takyng xij** ob by the weke Amount- 
yng to vij" xx** 

Yet Wages of maryners. Also payed in like- 
wyse for the wages of xvij maryners as aforesayd 
awaytyng & attendyng in kepyng the seid Shippe 
frome the xxyj"" day of Juyn the seid x"" yere vnto 
the xxiiij" day of July next ensuyng by the space 
of A monethe That is to say to Harvy Hay ward 
maister xiij^ iiij"* John Easton purser viij^ Thomas 
Tryppe Boteswayn viij^ John Robyns Steward vj* 
& Cornelys Conner vij^ vj"^ After the Rate of their 
Wages aforesayd — xlij^ x^ To John Ewstas & 
Thomas Hoker ych of theym at xv^ by the weke — 
x^ And to ix other maryners & the page ych of 
ther maryners at xij** — xxxvj^ and the page at vj*^ by 
the weke — ij^ — xxxviij^ in all amountyng to iiij'' x^ x^ 

Vitayle. Also payed for the Bowrde & Vitayle 
of the seyd xvij personnes ych of theym at xij"* ob 
by the weke for the seid moneth amountyng to 

Ixx^ x** 

Yet Wages of maryners. Also payed in lyke- 
wyse for the wages of xvij maryners awaytyng & 
attendyng in kepyng of the seyd Ship ffrome the 
xxiiij" day of July the x* yere aforesaid vnto the 
xj*"" day of Decembre in the xj"* yere^ of oure 
Soueraigne lord Kyng Henry the vij* by the space of 
V monethes That is to say To the maister Ixvj^ viij^ 

* 1495- 



220 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

the purser xl' the Boteswayne xl= Steward xxx' & 
the Conner xxxvij' vj'' After the Rate of their wages 
aforesaid — x" xiiij' ij^ To John Ewestas at xv** by 
the weke — xxv= And to x other maryners & a page 
ych of the maryners at xij"^ — x" & the page at vj"* 
by the weke x^ — x" x^ in all amountyng to 

xxij" ix^ ij"* 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bourde & vitayle of the seyd xvij personnes ych of 
theym at xij"* ob by the weke for the seyd v 
monethes amountyng vnto . . xvij" xiiij^ ij"* 

Yet Wages of maryners. Also the seid 
Robert Brygandyne in lykewyse hath payed for the 
wages of xvj maryners kepyng the seid Ship frome 
the sayd xj* day of Decembre the xj"" yere aforesayd 
vnto the xix* day of ffebruarie next ensuyng ^ By 
the space of x wekes That is to say To Harvy 
Hayward maister at iij^ iiij** by the weke — xxxiij'' 
iiij'' John Easton purser & Thomas Trippe 
Boteswayne ych of theym at xx'^ by the weke — 
xxxiij^ iiij"* John Robyns Steward Cornelys Conner 
William Broke & Robert Crotall ych of theym at 
xv"^ by the weke — 1' and to ix other maryners ych of 
theym at xij"* by the weke — iiij'' x^ in all amountyng 
to . . . . . . . x" vj^ viij** 

Vitayle. Also payed for the Bourde & Vitayle 
of the seyd xvj personnes by the sayd x wekes ych 
of theym takyng xij** ob by the weke whuch 
amounteth to . . . . . viij" vj^ viij* 

Yet Wages of maryners. Also payed in 
lykewyse for the wages of xij maryners kepyng the 
seyd Shipp frome the seyd xix"" day of ffebruary the 
seyd xj* yere vnto the viij"' day of Apryll next 
ensuyng By the space of vij wekes That is to say 
to the Mayster xxiij' iiij'' the purser xj' viij'' & the 
Boteswayne xj' viij"* After the rate of their wages 

' 1496. 



THE REGENT 221 

aforesayd — xlvj^ viij'' John Robyns Steward viij" ix"^ 
John Barley Keper of the porte viij' ix"* & ij other 
maryners ych of theym at xv"* by the weke — xvij^ vj"* 
— xxxv^ & to V other maryners ych of theym at xij"* 
by the weke — xxxv^ in all amountyng to 

cxvj^ viij"* 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bourde & vitayle of the sayd xij personnes euery 
man takyng xij"^ ob by the weke for the seyd vij 
wekes amountyng to . . . . iiij" vij^ vj'' 

Yet wages of maryners. Also the seyd 
Robert Brygandyne hath payed in likewyse for the 
wages of viij personnes kepyng the said Ship ffrome 
the viij* day of Apryll the xj* yere aforesayd vnto 
the viij* day of July next ensuyng By the space of 
xiij wekes That Is to say To the Maister xliij* iiij"* 
the purser xxj' viij"* and the Boteswayne xxj^ viij*^ 
After the rate of their wages aforesayd iiij" vj^ viij^ 
John Robyns Steward & William Barley ych of 
theym At xv** by the weke — xxxij^ vj"* And to iij 
other maryners ych of theym at xij"^ by the weke — 
xxxix^ in all amountyng to . . vij" xviij^ ij"^ 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bowrde & Vitayle of the seid viij personnes euery 
man after the Rate of xij"^ ob by the weke for the 
seyd xiij wekes amountyng to . . cviij^ iiij"* 

Yet wages of maryners. Also the seyd 
Robert Brygandyne hath payed in likewyse for the 
wages of viij persons kepyng the Ship frome the 
seid viij* day of July the seid xj* yere vnto the xxv* 
day of Novembre the xij* yere^ of our soueraign 
lorde Kyng Henry the vij* By the space of v 
monethes That is to say to Harvy Hay ward Maister 
at iij^ iiij'' by the weke — Ixvj^ viij** John Easton 
purser At xx"^ by the weke — xxxiiij^ iiij"^ Thomas 
Stripp & Richard Hayes ych of theym at xvj'' by 

' 1496 



222 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

the weke — liij^ iiij"^ And iiij other maryners ych of 
theym at xij"* by the weke — iiij" in all amountyng to 

xj" xiij^ iiij"* 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 

Bourde & Vitayle of the seid viij personnes for the 

seyd V monethes ych of theym takyng xij"* ob-by the 

weke amountyng to . . . . viij" yj^ viij"* 

Yet wages of maryners. Also the seyd 
Robert Brygandyne hath payed in lykewise for the 
wages of xij maryners kepyng of the seyd Ship frome 
the xxv* day of Novembre aforeseid the seyd xij* 
yere vnto the iij^' day of Marche next ensuyng ^ By 
the space of xiiij wekes That is to say To the 
maister xlvj^ xiij* & the purser xxiij^ iiij"* after the 
Rate of their wages aforespecified — Ixx^ To iiij 
other maryners ych of theym at xvj"* by the weke — 
Ixxiiij^ viij"* & to vj other maryners ych of theym at 
xij"* by the weke — iiij" iiij^ in all amountyng to 

xj" viij^ viij'' 
Vitayle. Also payed for the Bourde & Vitayle 
of the seid xij personnes euery man takyng xij** ob 
by the weke for the seid xiiij wekes amountyng to 

viij" xv' 
Yet wages of maryners. Also payed in 
lykewise for the wages of xx'' maryners kepyng the 
seid Ship frome the seid iij"" day of Marche the seyd 
xij* yere vnto the last day of the same moneth By 
the space of a moneth That is to say to John Cappe 
Maister xiij' iiij"* Lewys of Newcastell quartermaister 
at ij^ vj"* by the weke — x^ To Dauy Aboure purser 
vj^ viij'' To iiij other maryners ych. of theym at xvj** 
by the weke — xxj^ iiij'' And to xiij other maryners 
ych of theym at xij'' by the weke — lij' in all 
amountyng to . . . . . . ciij^ iiij** 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bowrde & Vitayle of the seyd xx personnes euery 

' 1497- 



THE REGENT 223 

man takyng xij"* ob by the weke for the seyd moneth 
amOuntyng to . . . . . iiij" iij= iiijd 

Yet wages of maryners. Also the seid 
Robert Brygandyn hath payed for the wages of 
xxvij maryners kepyng of the seid ship frome the 
last day of marche the xij"" yere aforesaid Vnto the 
xiiij* day of the moneth of Aprill next ensuyng By 
the space of ij wekes That is to say to the Maister 
yj^ viij"* & purser iij' iiij"* After the Rate of theyr 
Wages aforesayd — x^ To iiij other maryners ych of 
theym at xvj"* by the weke — x^ viij"* And to xxj'' 
other maryners ych of theym at xij'' by the weke — 
xlij^ amountyng in all to . . . . Ixij^ viij'' 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewise for the 
Bourde & Vitayle of the seyd xxvij personnes ych 
of theym at xij"^ ob by the week for the seid ij wekes 
amountyng to ..... . Ivj^ iij^ 

Yet wages of maryners. Also the seid 
Robert Brygandyne hath payed in lykewise for the 
wages of xxx" personnes dayle awaytyng in kepyng 
of the seid Ship frome the xiiij* day of Apryll the 
seid xij* yere of our soueraigne lorde Kynge Henry 
the vij"' vnto the xiiij* day of May next ensuyng 
By the space of iiij wekes & ij dayes whuch day the 
seid Ship was delyuered to my lorde Broke Capteyne 
of the Kynges noble Armey by water sent into 
Scoteland for the subduyng of his Rebelles the 
Scottes That is to say to John Cappe Maister At 
iij^ iiij^ by the weke — xiiij^ v'^ Dauy Abouer purser 
vij' ij"* ob & John Malet Boteswayne vij^ ij*^ ob ych 
of theym at xx"* by the weke — xiiij^ v** To iiij other 
maryners ych of theym at xvj"^ by the weke — xxiij^ 
v"* And to xxiij other maryners ych of theym at 
xij** by the weke — iiij" xix^ viij"^ amountyng in all to 

vij" xj^ vij** 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bourde & Vitayle for the seid xxx'' personnes for 



224 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

the seyd iiij wekes & ij dayes That is to say the 
ffyrst weke for brede viij' ; di pipe flessh xvij' vj"*; halff 
a quarteron ffysshe W' ; j pipe di here x= ; cc wode xij"^ 
& iiij lb candell v"* — xlj= xj"^ ; the second weke for 
brede x' ; ij pipes di bere xvj' viij"* ; j pipe fflessh 
xxxv= ; xxj'" ffysshes vij^ vj'* ; ccc wood xviij"* & iiij lb 
candell v-^ — Ixxj' j'^ ; The iij'^= weke for brede xij= ; iij 
pipes bere xx' ; halff a pipe flesshe xvij^ vj'' ; c salte- 
fysshe XX' ; ccc wode xviij"^ and iiij lb candell v"* — 
lxxj= v"^ ; The iiij* weke for brede xvj' ; iiij pipes 
bere xxvj' viij"^ ; j pipe flesshe xxxv*- ; j quarteron 
saltefysshe x' ; cccc wode ij' & iiij lb candell v'^ — 
iiij" x' j"^ ; The ij dayes for brede vj' ; Bere a pipe 
viij'viij"^; & aboue xij salteffysshes iiij' vj'' ; Beiff 
& Motton x' ; cc wood xij"^ & ij lb candell ij* ob — 
XXX' iiij"^ ob in all amountyng to . . xv" iiij' x* ob 
Somme of the Costes & expences of kepyng the 
Regent Afore herr Viage into Scoteland aforesayd 

ciiijv" iij' iiij"* ob 

Prouision of Stuff Reparacion & Ryggyng 
of the Regent. 

Pytche & Tarre. Also the seyd Robert 
Brygandyne hath payed to William Bocher of 
Reydyng in Kent the xiiij* day of August the x* 
yere ^ of our soueraigne lorde Kyng Henry the 
vij"" for iiij barelles piche & iiij barrelles Tarre price 
of euery barell iiij' — xxxij' And for the ffreight of 
the same frome thens to Portesmouth for euery 
barell iiij** — ij' viij** So of hym bought & spent vppon 
Reparacion of the seid ship within the tyme of this 
Acompte xxxiiij' viij* 

' Half a quarter of a hundred of dried and salted cod or ling j 
but the number in the hundred seems to have varied considerably 
and depended on the particular fish purchased, or local customs. 

' I49S- 



THE REGENT 225 

Also payed in lykewyse to Adryan Lokyer of 
Hampton the fyrst day of Octobre the xj"" yere ^ of 
our soueraigne lorde Kyng Henry the vij"" for vj 
barelles of Tarre price the barell iiij' viij"* — xxviij^ 
And for ffreight of the same frome Hampton to 
Portesmouth that is to say for euery barell ij^ — xij"* 
So of hym bought & as aforesaid spent within the 
tyme of this Acompte ..... xxix^ 

Also payed in lykewyse to Phyllip Lokyer and 
Rowley Berebruer of Hampton for xij barelles 
pytche price the barell v^ — Ix^ and for ij barrelles 
Tarre price the barell iiij^ viij"^ — ix^ iiij"* So of theym 
bought and in lykewise vpon reparacion of the seid 
Ship spent within the tyme of this Acompte 

Ixix'' iiij'' 

Also payed in lykewise to George Hunte 
Grocer of London for a last di pytche '^ price the 
barell iiij^ vj^ occupyed abought pytchyng the Regent 
vnder watyr — iiij'' xij"^ And for v last Tarre occupied 
abought tarryng of the Newe cables & other 
takelyng belongyng to the Regent price of euery 
barell iiij^ ij*^ — xij'" x^ So of hym bought & spent 
within the tyme of this Acompte . . xvj'' xj^ 

Talowe. Also payed to John Englysshe of 
Portesmouth the iiij* day of Marche the xij"" ^ yere 
of our soueraigne lorde Kynge Henry the vij* for a 
m'cc weight Talowe occupied abought talowying of 
the seid ship and mengeled with pytche for the same 
price of euery c weght Talowghe viij^ So of hym 
bought & as aforesayd spent within the tyme of this 
Acompte ...... iiij" xvj* 

Oyle. Also payed for Oyle bought & by the 
Calkers uppon Reparacion of the seyd ship spent 
within the tyme of this Acompte . . • ij^ ij'^ 

' 1495- 

2 One last and a half of pitch, i.e. 18 barrels. The last of 

gunpowder contained 24 barrels. ^ i497- 



226 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Shepe Skynnes. Also payed in lykewise to 
John Englysshe of Portesmouth & other for iij 
dossen di Shepe Skynnys price the dossen iij^ So of 
theym bought spent and employed abought the 
makyng of mappes for laying oon of Pytche Tarre 
& Rosyn & Talowe oon the seid ship within the 
tyme of this Acompte x^ yj'' 

Rossyn. Also payed to John Stone of Portes- 
mouth for DC weight Rosyn price the c — iiij^ ij** So 
of hym bought mengeled & spent with talowe upon 
Reparacion of the seid ship within the tyme of this 
Acompte xxv^ 

Brome. Also payed for yj cartelodde of Brome 
price the lode xvj"^ So by hym bought & spent 
abought Brennyng of the seid ship at diuers tyme 
within the tyme of this Acompte . . . viij' 

Tymbre. Also payed to Henry Palmer of 
Portesmouth for certeyn tymbre of hym bought at 
■dyuers tymes A parte therof sawed into plankes & 
•otherwise occupied employed & spent Apon 
Reparacion & Ryggyng of the seyd ship within the 
time of this Acompte .... xlj^ xj^ 

ffyrren^ plankes. Also payed to Adryan 
Lokyer of Southampton bere bruer for xx ffyrren 
plankes at xviij'^ the pece So of hym bought & 
apon reparacion and ryggyng of the overloppes the 
pope & dekke of the seid Ship spent within the tyme 
of this Acompte ...... xxx^ 

Waynscottes. Also payed to George Hunte 
of London Grocer for Ix waynscottes of hym bought 
occupyed & spent abought Reparacion of the Regent 
Toppes & selyng ^ of ij cabbenys for my lorde 
Steward in the seyd Ship within the tyme of this 
Acompte ....... xxx' 

Sawborde. Also payed to William Adeane 
of ffarham for vij""' fote of Sawborde price the c — ij' 
' Fir. ^ Wainscoting. 



THE REGENT 227 

So of hym bought & abought dyuers necessaries 
Reparacion & Ryggyng of the seid Ship occupied 
& spent within the tyme of this Acompte . vij" 
Okcome. Also the seid Robert Brygandyn 
hath payed for m' weght Occome price the c — iij= 
So by hym bought occupyed employed & spent 
abought calkyng of the seid Ship within borde 
That is to sey the forecastell the somercastell The 
Dekke vppon the same And the powpe abaft at 
dyuers tymes within the tyme of this Acompte 

XXX' 

Fflaxe. Also the seyd Robert Brygandyn 
hath payed for dccc weight flaxe price the c — viij' 
iiij"^ So by hym bought occupyed & spent apon 
c^kyng of the seid Shipp aboue water withoute borde 
within the tyme of this Acompte . . Ixvj^ viij'* 

Also payed to George Hunte of London Grocer 
for cccc weight flaxe price the c — viij^ So of hym 
bought occupyed & spent apon calkyng of the seid 
ship vnder the watyr within the tyme of this Acompte 

xxxij^ 

Tallowood.^ Also payed to John Addeler of 
ffarham for m' tallowood occupyed & spent abought 
hetyng of pitche Talowe Tarre & Rosyn occupied 
abought the seyd ship within the tyme of this 
Acompte ........ v' 

Yron. Also the seyd Robert Brygandyn hath 
payed for m'dcc weight yron by hym bought & at 
soundrie tymes wrought & made into cxl grete boltes 
of yron And in the seyd Ship fastyned occupied & 
employed within the tyme of this Acompte . Ixviij^ 

Also payed to John Stoddeham of Portesmouth 
for ij Tonne of yron price the Tonne iiij'" So of 
hym bought & spent about makyng of boltes & 
clampes of yron for the forecastell Somercastell & 
pope of the seid ship and yron worke for the Rother 

' Firewood, cut wood ; French, tailli. 

Q2 



228 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

& of dyuers Miches Ixxv boltes Ixxv & forelokkes 
Ixxv for Gonnes with many other necessaries nedefull 
to be occupyed for the Behoff & Ryggyng of the 
seid Shipp & to the same fastyned annexed & em- 
ployed within the tyme of this Acompte . viij" 

Also payed to John Moulton fermor of Hayllyng 
in Hampshyre for a Tonne yron price vith cariage 
of the same to Portesmouth xviij'' — iiij'" xviij'' & to 
Nycholas Wysdom of Portesmouth for a pipe ^ 
Tyghte yron price xl^ & to Thomas Wake for a 
hoggeshed Tyghte yron price — xx^ So of theym 
bought & occupyed abought Shutyng^ of certeyn 
ankers that ley broken at Portesmouth apperteynyng 
to the seid Ship vithin the tyme of this Acompte 

vij'' xviij** 

Smythes Coles. Also payed for a chalder di 
Smythie Coles by hym bought & abought makyng 
of the seid boltes and other necessaries occupied & 
spent at soundrie tymes within the tyme of this 
Acompte price in grete with the Costes of cariage of 
the same Coles frpme Hampton to Portesmouth &c 

xiiij^ vj"^ 

Also payed to John Dawtre oon of the Custumers 
of Southampton & other for xiiij chaldre of Smythie 
coles price the chaldre ix^ so of theym bought 
occupyed & spent Abought the forgyng & makyng 
of the yron worke aforesayd & other necessaries for 
the Reparacion & Ryggyng of the seyd Ship at 
dyverse & soundrie tymes within the tyme of this 
Acompte ....... vj'' vj'' 

Spykes & Carvell Nayles. Also the seid 
Robert Brygandyn hath payed to Robert Smythe 
of Portesmouth and ' Stacey smyth 

of Southampton for cccc spykes and carvell nayles 
price the c — vij' so of theym bought occupyed & 

• Half a ton. 2 Welding. 

» Blank in MS. 



THE REGENT 229 

spent vppon Reparacion of the seid Ship within the 
tyme of this Acompte .... xxviij' 

Nayles of djrverse sortes. Also the seyd 
Robert Brygandyn hath payed To dyuerse & 
soundrie personnes for Nayles of diuerse sortes of 
theym bought as hereafter ensueth That is to say 
ffyrst to Robert Smyth of Portesmouth & other for 
vij"^ nayle price the c — x"^ — Iviij' iiij^ Also to 
William Piers of Cossham Smyth & other for viij""' 
nayle price the c — viij'^ — liij^ iiij"^ Also to John 
Arnald & Nicholas Bounde Smythes of ffarham & 
Thomas Balsheff of Kyngeston for xj""' di ^ nayle 
price the c — yj"^ — Ivij^ vj'* & for xvj"' nayle price the 
m' — iij' iiij'* — liij' iiij^ & to Robert a Chambre of 
portesmouth Smyth & John Sheppard of the same 
Shomaker for iiij"' dccc skoppere nayle ^ price the 
m' — ij= vj"^ — xij^ So of theym bought & spent abought 
the Reparacion Ryggyng & amendyng of the seid 
Ship at soundrie tymes within the tyme of this 
Acompte ...... xj" xiiij^ vj"^ 

Oxe ledder. Also payed to John Shepard 
Shoomaker of portesmouth for halff an Oxe hyde 
all Redie coryed & Tanned occupyed & spent 
abought makyng of hoses for the pompes of the 
seid ship within the tyme of this Acompte . iij^ 

Costes of the Remoovyng & Vnmoryng 
ye said Ship. Also the seyd Robert Brygandyn 
hath payed for a Reward gyven to c men besyde 
the maryners of the seid ship As well for theyr 
mete & drynk as wages laboryng & attendyng 
about the remewyng of the Regent frome the Rode 
by fore Elston down ^ to Cokoldes Cryke * & con- 

' 11,500. 

^ ' Little short nails with broad heads ' {Nomenclator Navalis). 

* Opposite the village of Elson, one mile from Grosport (cf. 
p.2S2). 

* Probably part, or a branch, of the old mill dam, which ran 
near the present Spring and Fountain streets. 



230 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

veying of her agayn to the foresaid Rode before 
Elston And tnoryng of her theyr with her chaynes 
agayn so bysied & occupyed frome the viij*day of the 
moneth of August the xj"" yere ^ of oure soueraigne 
lorde the Kyng to the xiiij* day of the same moneth 
by the space of vij dayes of Reward in grete . iiij" 
Costes of makyng ij ovennes & payvyng 
the Kychyn of the Regent aforesayd. Also 
the seyd Robert Brygandyn hath paied for certeyn 
prouisions & other costes & charges by hym hade 
made prouided & susteyned abought makyng of ij 
overmes & payvyng the Kychyn in the seyd Ship 
That is to sey ffyrst to William Sokeitt for cariage 
of v'f^ di Breke frome owte of the Brekhill of our 
soveraigne lord the Kyng at Portesmouth vnto the 
dokke ther payng for euery m' cariage iiij** — ij^ ij"* 
To the same for caryage of xvj lode for euery lode 
ij^ — ij^ viij'* To Alice Hardy wydue for vj™' payvyng 
stone price of euery c xviij** — ix^ And for cariage of 
the same iij^ — ix= iij"* ' Also for a loode of lyme ^ from 
Havant price vith cariage of the same — vj^ x"* To 
John Keyte for di loode lyme & di loode tyle with 
costes of cariage of the same frome Petesfeld — viij= 
vj^ Also for iiij quarterons sake layed in the flores 
of the seyd ovyns ffornes & kychyn At iij^ the 
quarteron — xij^ Also payed aswell for the bourdyng 
& vitayle of a mason & hys man ych of theym at 
xij"* ob by the weke ij^ j"* for a weke begynnyng the 
xxix* day of Aprill the xij* yere ^ of our soueraigne 
lorde Kyng Henry the vij* & endyng the vj* day of 
May next ensuyng As for the wages of the seid 
mason at v"* by day xx"* & his man ij"* by day — viij"^ 
laboryng by the space of iiij dayes within the seyd 
weke — iiij= v"^ Also payed as well for the bourde & 
vitayle of viij masons laboryng by the hole weke next 
folowyng ych of theym takyng by the weke xij"^ ob 
' 1496. 2 Sixty-four bushels. * 1497. 



THE REGENT 231 

for hys vitayle as for the wages of the seyd viij 
personnes oon of theym takyng v"* by the day for vj 
dayes within the same weke an other takyng xxij"* 
for his wekes wages ij other ych of theym takyng 
xviij^ for theyr wekes wages — iij' & iiij other ych of 
theym at xij'' for hys wekes wages — iiij' in all for the 
seid wekes wages & vitayle — xix' viij"* Amountyng 
in all for the seid provisions wages & vitayle as 
aforesayd to Ixv'' vj"^ 

Wages of Shipwryghtes & Calkers. Also 
the seid Robert Brygandyne hath payed for the 
wages of ix shipwryghtes & calkers laboryng & 
workyng abought the Reparacion Reparalyng and 
Ryggyng of the seid Ship frome the xxiij"" day of 
Octobre the xij* yere^ of the Reigne of our 
soveraigne lorde Kyng Henry the vij* vntothe last 
day of Decembre next ensuyng by the space of x 
wekes within which tyme the seyd ix personnes 
labored by the space of xlviij dayes vij of theym 
takyng vj^ by the day apece — viij" viij' And the 
other ij takyng iiij** a man by the day — xxxij' Amount- 
yng in all for the seyd xlviij dayes within the tyme 
of the seid x wekes aforesayd to . . . x'' 

Vitayle. Also payed for the Bourde & Vitayle 
of the foresayd ix personnes ych of theym takyng xij** 
ob by the weke amountyng in all for the seid x wekes 
within the tyme of this Acompte to , iiij" xiij' ix"* 

Yet wages of Shipwryghtes & calkers. 
Also payed in lykewise for the wages of xij ship- 
wryghtes & calkers laboryng & workyng vppon 
Reparalyng Ryggyng & lyke Reparacion of the 
seid Ship frome the last day of Decembre the xij* 
yere ^ aforesaid vnto the iiij*^ day of ffebruarye next 
ensuyng the seyd xij'^ yere^ by the space of v wekes 
within whuch tyme the seid xij personnes labored 
by the space of xxviij dayes x of theym takyng vj"* 
' 1496. * Ibid. * 1497- 



232 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

a man by the day vij" & ij other takyng iiij"' a man 
by the day — xviij^ viij"* amountyng in all for the seid 
xxviij dayes within the tyme of v wekes aforesayd 
within the tyme of this Acompte to vij" xviij^ viij*^ 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bowrde & vitayle of the foresayd xij personnes ych 
of theym takyng xij"^ ob by the weke amountyng in 
all for the seid v wekes within the tyme of this 
Acompte Ixij^ vj"^ 

Yet wages of shipwryghtes & calkers. 
Also payed in lykewyse for the wages of xxix ship- 
wryghtes & calkers laboryng & workyng apon 
Reparacion Ryggyng & Reparalyng of the seid ship 
frome the iiij"" day of fifebruary in the xij* yere . 
aforesayd vnto the xj* day of marche nexte ensuyng 
by the space of v wekes within whuch tyme the 
seid xxix personnes labored by the space of xxix'' 
dayes oon of theym takyng viij'' by the day xix^ 
iiij"^ xvj of theym takyng vj'^ a man by the day xj'' 
xij' And the xij other takyng iiij** a man by the day 
— cxvj^ amountyng in all for the seid xxix days to 

xviij'' vij^ iiij** 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bowrde & Vitayle of the seid xxix personnes ych of 
them takyng xij"* ob by the weke amountyng in all 
for the seyd v wekes within the tyme of this Acompte 
to ....... vij" xj^ ob 

Yet wages of shipwryghtes & calkers. 
Also payed in lykewyse for the wages of xxviij 
shipwryghtes & calkers laboryng & workyng oon 
the seid ship frome the xj* day of Marche the seid 
xij* yere ^ vnto the xviij* day of the same moneth 
next ensuyng by the space of a weke within whuch 
tyme the seyd xxviij personnes labored by the space 
of vj dayes oon of theym takyng viij"^ by the day — 
iiij' XV of theym takyng vj"* apece by the day — xlv' 

' 1497- 



THE REGENT 233 

And xij other takyng iiij"^ a man by the day — xxiiij^ 
Amountyng in all for the seyd vj dayes within the 
tyme aforesayd to .... . Ixxiii' 
Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bourde & Vitaile of the seid xxviij personnes ych 
of theym at xij"^ ob as aforesayd amountyng for the 
seyd weke within the tyme of this Acompte to 



xxix" ij'' 



Yet wages of Shipwryghtes & calkers. 

Also payed in lykewyse for the wages of xxxij'' 
shipwrightes & calkers laboryng & workyng 
abought Reparacion of the seid Ship frome the seid 
xviij'^ day of marche xij* yere aforesayd vnto the 
xv'^ day of Aprill next ensuyng by the space of A 
moneth within whuch tyme the seid xxxij" personnes 
labored & wrought by the space of xix dayes di oon 
of theym takyng viij"* by the day — xiij^ xvij of theym 
takyng vj"* a man by the day — viij" v'' ix"^ And xiiij 
other ych of theym takyng iiij'' by the day — iv^' xi^ 
amountyng in all for the seyd xix dayes to xiij" ix^ ix"* 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bourde & Vitayle of the seid xxxij'' personnes ych of 
theym at xij"^ ob by the weke Amountyng in all for 
the seid moneth within the tyme of this Acompte 

vj" xiij^ iiij"* 

Yet wages of shipwrightes & calkers. 
Also payed for lyke wages of xxxj shypwryghtes & 
calkers in lyke forme laboryng & workyng on the 
seid Ship frome the seid xv* day of Aprill the seid 
xij"' yere ^ vnto the xxj* day of May nexte ensuyng 
by the space of v wekes within whuch tyme the sayd 
xxxj personnes wrought by the space of xxvij" dayes 
oon of theym at viij** by the day by the space of xj 
dayes — vij^ iiij^ & an other in hys stede at vj"* ob by 
the day by the space of xvj dayes — viij^ viij"^ xvj 
other ych of theym at vj"* by the day by the space of 

1 1497. 



234 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

the seid xxvij" dayes — x" xvj^ And xj other ych of 
theym at iiij"^ by the day by the seid xxvij" dayes 
iiij" xix= iij other by the space of xj dayes ych of 
theym at iiij'' by the day xj' And by the space of 
xvj dayes ych of theym at vj'^ by the day xxiiij' 
amountyng in all for the seuerall wages of the seid 
xxxj personnes for the seid xxvij dayes within the 
tyme aforesaid to . . . . . xviij" vi' 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bourde & Vitayle of the seid xxxj personnes ych of 
theym takyng xij"* ob by the weke whuch amounteth 
in all for the seid v wekes within the tyme of this 
Acompte to . . . . . viij" xvij"* ob 

Wages of Laborers. Also payed for the 
wages of xviij shipmen as laborers laboryng workyng 
awatyng & attendyng aswell abought skowryng & 
clensyng of our soveraigne lorde the Kynges dokke 
at Portesmouth for Receyving of the seid ship as 
abought weyng the takle And clensyng the same 
ship withowte Bourde vnder water & within borde 
And changyng of the Balest of the same As of 
Settyng of Shores that were abought the seid Ship 
at euery tyde by day & nyght And abought other 
besynes duryng the season that the seid ship lay in 
the Dokke aforesaid That is to say from the iiij* 
day of marche in the xij"" yere of our Soueraigne 
lorde Kyng Henry the vij* vnto the xxiij* day of 
Aprill theyn next ensuyng by the space of vij wekes 
within whuch tyme the seid xviij personnes labored 
& wrought by the space of xxxiiij dayes di — x'' vij^ 
and xvij of the seid personnes by the space of iij 
dayes ych of theym takyng iiij* , by the day — xvij^ 
amountyng in all for the seid seuerall tymes within 
the tyme aforesaid to .... xj" iiij* 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewise for the 
Bourde & vitayle aswell of the seid xviij personnes 
by the space of vj wekes cxij' vj* as of the seid xvij 



THE REGENT 235 

personnes by the space of a weke xvij= viij'' ob ych 
of theym takyng xij-^ ob by the weke amountyng in 
all for the seid vij wekes within the tyme of this 
Acompte to .... . vj'' x' ij'* ob 

Wages of Sawyers. Also payed By the 
seid Robert Brygandyn for the wages of ij Sawyers 
sawyng of certeyn poppeler tymbre for makyng of cc 
pavysses for the seid Ship laboryng & workyng 
abought the same frome the xxj" day of Januarie 
the seid xij* yere ^ vnto the v* day of ffebruarye next 
ensuyng by the space of ij wekes within which tyme 
the seid ij Sawyers labored by the space of xj dayes 
euery of them takyng iiij^ by the day Amountyng in 
all to _ . . . . . . . vij' iiij^ 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bourde & vitayle of the seid ij sawyers etheyr of 
theym takyng xij"^ ob by the weke Amountyng in 
all for the seid ij wekes within the tyme of this 
Acompte to the somme of . . . . iiij' ij"* 

Yet Wages of Sawyers. Also the seid 
Robert Brygandyne in lykewyse hathe payed for 
the wages of ij sawyers laboryng & workyng 
abought sawyng of tymbre into plankes quarters^ 
Bourde & other necessaries for the Reparacion 
Ryggyng & Apparalyng of the seid Ship frome the 
xviij''' day of Marche the xij* yere of our Soueraigne 
lorde Kyng Henry the vij* vnto the xxj* day of 
May next ensuyng by the space of ix wekes within 
whuch tyme the seid ij personnes labored and wrought 
by the space of xlvj dayes ych of theym takyng iiij** 
by the day Amountyng in all to . . xxx' viij^ 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bourde & Vitayle of the seid ij personnes ych of 
theym takyng xij"^ ob by the weke Amountyng in all 

• 1497. 

* • An upright piece of timber in a partition ; a square panel ' 
{Halliwell). 



236 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

for the seid ix wekes within the tyme of this 
Acompte to xviij' ix** 

Wages of Smythes. Also the seid Robert 
Brygandyn hath payed to Thomas Lawles Maister 
Smyth .& iij other undre hyme for theyr wages 
laboryng & workyng in the Kynges forge at the 
dokke in Portesmouth Abought the forgyng & 
makyng of diuerse Necessaries for the Reparacion 
& Ryggyng of the seid Ship frome the xxj'' day of 
Januarye the xij* yere of our Soveraigne lorde Kyng 
Henry the vij* vnto the v"" day of ffebruarie next 
ensuyng by the space of ij wekes within whuch 
tyme the seid Maister Smyth labored by the space 
of xj dayes takyng vj'' by the day — v= vj"* & the seid 
other iij smythes takyng xv"* by the weke for the seid 
ij wekes — vij^ vj^ amountyng in all to . . xiij' 

Vitayle. Also payed in likewyse for the 
Bourde & Vitayle of the seid iiij personnes ych of 
theym takyng xij'' ob by the weke amountyng for 
the seid ij wekes within the tyme of this Acompte to 

viij^ iiij^ 

Yet Wages of Smythes- Also payed in 
lykewyse for the wages of Thomas Lawles Maister 
Smyth Richard Kyngsnagh & John Palmer workyng 
vndre hyme whuch labored & wrought in the forge 
at the Kynges seid dokke at Portesmouth Abought 
forgyng and makyng of boltes & clampes of yron 
for the forecastell Somercastell & pouppe And yron 
work for the Rother of the seid Ship miches boltes 
& forelokes for Gonnes with other many Necessaries 
belongyng & behoffull to the seid Ship frome the 
xviij day of Marche the seid xij"" yere of our 
soveraigne lorde Kyng Henry the vij* vnto the 
xxiiij" day of May next ensuyng by the space of ix 
wekes & iij dayes within whuch tyme the seid iij 
personnes wrought & labored in maner & forme 
folowyng That is to say the seid Thomas Lawles 



THE REGENT 237 

by the space of xlviij" dayes takyng by the day vj'' 
— xxiiij^ And the seid Richard Kyngsnagh & John 
Palmer by the space of ix wekes & iij dayes, the 

seid Richard Kyngsnagh takyng xv"^ by the weke 

xj= viij* & the seid John Palmer xij"^ by the weke— 
ix^ iiij^ amountyng in all after the severall Rates 
within the tyme aforesaid to . . . . xlv^ 

Vitayle. Also payed in likewyse for the 
bourde & vitayle of the seid iij personnes euery of 
theym takyng xij"* ob by the weke whuch amounteth 
in all for the seyd ix wekes & iij dayes within the 
tyme of this Acompte to . . . xxix= v^ ob 

Yet Wages of Smythes & Reparalyng 
the Smythey bellowes. Also payed to John 
White of Portesmouth Smyth & his compayny 
laboryng & workyng abought shuttyng of the 
Ankers belongyng vnto the seid ship by couvenaunt 
made in grete xiiij" iiij"* Also for iiij hydes tanned 
for Reparalyng & Amendyng of ij payer of bellowes 
in the forge at Portesmouth for the seid worke — xj^ 
and corying of the same — iv^ And for workmanship 
in coueryng &settyng the Newe ledders vnto the seid 
Bellowes — vj^ viij** — xxj^ viij"^ Amountyng in all to 

xv" ij^ 

Costes of payntyng the Regent. Also the 
seid Robert Brygandyn hath payed to Robert 
Dewke payntour & iiij other vnder hym aswell for 
theyr wages & vitayles laboryng and workyng 
abought the payntyng of the seid ship frome the 
xij* day of marche the seid xij* yere of our 
soueraigne lorde Kyng Henry the vij* vnto the 
xv* day of May next ensuyng by the space of ix 
wekes as for diuerse colours & other Stuff occupied 
employed & spent abought the same ovyr & besyde 
the Bourde & Vitayle of the seid payntours to be 
borne & susteyned at the Kynges coste & charge as 
here after ensuyth by conuenaunt made in grete xiij" 



238 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bourde & Vitayle of the seid v personnes euerych 
of theym takyng xij^ ob by the weke whuche 
amounteth in all for the seid ix wekes within the 
tyme of this Acompte to . . . xlvj^ x^ ob 



Costes and Expences of moryng & vnmoryng 
of the Regent. 

Also the seid Robert Brygandyne hath payed for 
the vnmoryng of the seid Ship the x* day of Marche 
the xij* yere ^ aforesaid theyn lying in the Rode of 
Elston at Portesmouth And for conveying of here 
downe before the dokke where she was mored 
agayne tyle tyme that Gode sent wynde & wedyr 
That is to say to Ix men besyde the company of the 
seid ship occupied abought the seid besynes by ij 
dayes aswell for the expences of mete & drynke 
As for a Reward geven amongest theym within the 
tyme of this Acompte to . . , . xix^ vij** 

Also payed aswell for the expence of vitayle as 
for a Rewarde gevyn to cl men besyde the company 
belongyng to the seid ship laboryng awaytyng and 
attendyng abought the havyng in of the seid ship 
into the dokke so occupied by the space of iij dayes 
within the tyme of this Acompte . . iiij" iij' ij^ 

Also payed in lykewyse as well for the expence 
of vitayle as for a Reward gyven to c men besyde 
the company belongyng to the seid ship laboryng 
awaytyng & attendyng abought the havyng of the 
seid ship owte of the dokke & moryng the same in 
the Rode betwyxt the Twone & the Dokke So 
occupied the xv*^ & xvj* day of Aprill the seid xij* 
yere within the tyme of this Acompte . xliij iiij^ 

' 1497- 



THE REGENT 239 

Weyng of the chaynes fie other takle that 
the seid ship was mored & Rode by in 
Portesmouth havyn. 

Also the seid Robert Brygandyn hath payed for 
certeyn costes & expences in weyng of grete yron 
chaynes with certeyn other takle that the seid Ship 
was mored & Rode by in Portesmouth haven aftyr 
the departyng of the seid ship in here viage into 
Skoteland That is to say for the wages & vitayle 
of viij men occupied abought the seid bysynes by 
the space of vj dayes in the moneth of July the xij* 
yere ^ of our soueraign lorde Kyng Henry the vij* 
oon of theym at viij^ by the day — iiij^ iij other ych of 
theym at vj'* by the day — ix' & iiij other ych of theym 
at iiij*^ by the day — viij' — xxj= As for lyke wages & 
vitayle of xiiij men occupied abought the seid bysynes 
by the space of v dayes in the same moneth oon of 
theym at viij"* by the day — iij' iiij"* iij other euery of 
theym at vj"* by the day — vij' vj"* vj other ych of 
theym at v"* by the day — xij' vj^ & iiij other ych of 
theym at iiij"* by the day — vj' viij"* — xxx' amountyng 
in all to Ij^ 

fforen and petye costes of the Regent in 
tyme she was in warfare. 

Also the seid Robert Brygandyn hath payed to 
the purser of the seid Ship for certeyn foren costes 
charges & expenses by hym hade & susteyned for 
the behouffe of the seid Ship frome herre departyng 
owte of Portesmouth duryng the season of herre 
viage in Skptteland And tyll her commyng home 
ayene That is to say fyrst for cc fote sawborde 
bought & occupied abought Reparacion of the seyd 
Ship — iij' vj"* And for cariage of the same by 
water frome Smalhede to Canerston where a crayer 

' 1497- 



240 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Receyved yt — viij'' Also for a hangyng lokke for the 
vtter Storhouse Dpre in the seid Ship — iiij"^ Also for 
the hyre of an horse for the purcer frome Rie to 
Smalehed — iiij'' Also bought at Rie ccc nayles at 
iij"* the c — ix"* cccc nayles price the c iiij'' — ^xvj'' ccc 
nayles price the c vj'* — xviij"^ & for xxxj spykes of 
yron conteynyng in weght xij lb at j^ ob the lb — xviij'' 
So by hym bought & spent apon Reparacion of the 
seid ship Also for the purser costes beyng oon 
land at Rie ij dayes — xv'' Also for ij boltes of yron 
vith theyr forlokkes & certeyn grete spykes of yron 
weyng xij lb di — xxij*^ occupied & spent apon the seid 
Ship in the Downes Also for an yron Goodg with 
a bolte of yron belongyng to the same weyng 
xxxviij lb At j** ob the lb occupied & annexed to the 
helme of the seyd ship — iiij^ ix"* Also for horsehyre 
for the purser frome Dovor to Sandewich whene he 
went to feche Bordes Spykes nayles & other stuff by 
my lorde Stewardes commaundement — viij"^ And for 
his costes at Sandwich iij dayes — ij^ viij* Also for 
cccc fote sawborde bought at Delle ^ the xxix day of 
May price the c — ij^ ij** — viij^ viij** & spent apon 
Reparacion of the seyd Ship Also for cariage of the 
same frome Delle to the water syde iiij** & for a 
bote conveying the same abourde the Regent viij"^ 
Also for the pursers costes beyng a day in the 
Downes vij^ Also for cariage of dc fote Sawborde 
frome Sandewich vnto Davyes Gates viij'' Also for 
the seid pursers passage from Bambrough vnto holy 
Hand iiij** and for horsehyre for hym frome holy 
Hand to Barwike viij^ Also for his costes at 
Barwyke frome the xxj" day of Juyn vnto the xxix'' 
day of the same moneth by the space of vij dayes 
iij^ viij"^ Also for a Twys^ of yron bought at 
Barwyke the xxiij'' day of August for the Regentes 
Bote viij** Also for a quarteron lyme bought at 
' Deal. ^ A small piece. 



THE REGENT 241 

Bamborough & spent apon reparacion of ovennes & 
kechyn of the seyd ship xviij"* And for the seid 
pursers costes the ix* & the x"" day of Septembre 
sent to Sandewich by my lorde Stewardes com- 
maundment to by Compasses & Rynnyng glasses 
for the seid ship xij"* And for lyke costes of the 
seid purser by my seid lordes commaundment sent 
oon land at Rye for to Inquyre for the Gierke of 
the Shippes &c viij"* amountyng in all to the Somme 

xP vj"* 

Somme of all maner expences prouisions of 

stuff Reparacion & Ryggyng of the Regent aswell 

afore her depertyng as during the season she was 

awarfare in Skotteland as aforesayd 

cclxvj" v" vij** ob 

Empcion & prouision of takle & apparell 
for the Regent. 
Mastes. ffyrst the seid Robert Brygandyn 
hath payed to Adrian Lokyer Berebruer of 
Southampton for a maste of a spruce tree ^ growen 
of hym bought for the foremast of the seid ship 
within the tyme of this Acompte price in grete 

xviij' 
Also payed to the said Adryan Lokyer for an 
other Spruce tre mast whuch was occupied for the 
makyng of the oon half of the mayne yerde 
Belongyng to the seid Ship price— viij" And to 
John Dawtre oon of the Custumers of Southampton 
for an other spruce tre mast in lykewyse occupied 
abought the makyng of the other half of the seid 
mayne yerde price vj" So of theym, bought & as 
aforesaid occupied within the tyme of this Acompte 

xuij" 
Also payed in lykewyse to Brankyn Dowcheman 
for an other spruce tre mast for the Bowsprete of 
> The Spruce fir, 

R 



242 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

the seid Ship within the tyme of this Acompte price 
in grete ........ c' 

Also payed to the seid Adrian Lokyer for an 
other maste sawed in to peces occupied & spent 
abought the lyrryng^ of the mayne mast in the 
seid ship within the tyme of this Acompte price xl' 

Also payed to the seid Adrian Lokyer for ij ojher 
masts oon of theym price xl^ whuch is made the 
Boneaventure mast of the seid Ship And the other 
price xviij^ whuch ys made the Mayne Toppe mast 
of 1;he seid Ship So of hym bought within the 
tyme of this Acompte ..... Iviij^ 

Canuas. Also the seyd Robert Brygandyn 
hath payed to John Beddeford of pole ^ for xxxv 
boltes of Sleght Canvas price of euery bolte x^ So 
of hym bought to the vse & behoff of the seid Ship 
within the tyme of this Acompte . . xvij" x' 

Also payed in lykewyse for Ixvj boltes of Grete 
myghty canvas price of euery bolt xiij^ So by hym 
bought to the vse & behoff of the seid Ship at 
Sayllesbury fayer within the tyme of this Acompte 

xlij" xviiij' 

Sayletwyne Marlyne & Raddelyne. Also 
payed to Rychard Haberdyn of London grocer for 
c di sayle tvyne price the c — xxxiij^ iiij"* — 1^ And 
for ccc weight Marlyne price the c — x^ — xxx* And 
for DC weight Raddelyne price the c — ix^ — liv^ So of 
hyme bought to the vse & behoff of the seid ship 
within the tyme of this Acompte . . vj" xiiij^ 

Mylleyn Nedylles. Also the seid Robert 
Brygandyn hath payed to Alice Hardie of Portes- 
mouth for dc mylleyn ^ nedylles price the c — xij'' 

' Etymology obscure, but meaning to fish the mast. 

2 Poole. 

' Milan needles, or possibly from the French merlin, in which 
case they would be marline needles, a recognised sail needle. The 
price of ' Sayle Nedylles ' (p. 297) is the same as that of the 
Mylleyn needles here. ' 



THE REGENT 243 

So of her bought to the vse & behoff of the seid 
ship within the tyme of this Acompte . . vj' 

Cabulles Cabelettes Hawsers Ropes & 
other Cordage. Also the seid Robert Brygandyn 
hath payed to George Hunte of London Grocer for 
viij cables & a warpyng Cabelett of Jeane makyng 
wherof j weyng dcc di viij lb ; j weyng d j quarteron 
xij lb ; An other weyng d j quarteron xij lb ; j weyng 
DC di yj lb ; j weyng d j quarteron v lb ; j weyng 
cccc iij quarterons xxvij lb ; j weyng dc j quarteron 
ij lb ; j weyng Dxviij lb & a cabelett weyng ccc j 
quarteron xij lb ; And xvj hausers of Jeane makyng 
whereof j weyng cc di xxij lb ; j weyng cc iij 
quarterons ; j weyng cc di xvj lbs ; j weyng cc j 
quarteron ; j weyng cc di iiij lb ; j weyng cc j 
quarteron ; j weyng ccviij lbs ; j weyng cc iij lb ; j 
weyng cc lb ; j weyng cc di xix lb ; ij weyng ccc di 
xvij lb ; ij weyng cccc j quarteron xj lbs ; j weyng 
ccxj lb ; An other weyng cvij lb : All whuch cables 
& hausers conteyne amongest theym in weight 
viij'^Dlb after v^'^xij lbs to the c ^ price of euery c 
weight xj^ iiij"^ So of hyme bought within the tyme 
of this acompte .... xlviij" iij^ iiij"^ 

Also payed to the seid George Hunte aswell 
for a cabull of Normandye makyng weyng dx lb an 
other of the same makyng weyng Dccccxviij lb As 
for ix hausers of Normandye makyng wherof ij 
weyng cccciiij lb j weyng c j quarteron xvj lb An 
other weyng c di An other weyng iij quarterons 
iiij lb and iiij others weyng ccc lb And for xxvj 



' This is one of the few instances (cf pp. 74, 264) in which 
the cwt. is specifically given as 112 lbs. The especial mention of 
the number of pounds seems to show that the other cwts. are of 
100 lbs., and the generally lower prices of these latter point to the 
same conclusion. The attempt to work out the contents of a cwt. 
by the aid of the total cost and the total number of lbs. is not 
altogether satisfactory. 

R 3 



244 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

ropes of dyuers compasses & byggenes of lyne ^ & 
Normandy makyng wherof iij weyng cc iij quarterons 
X lb iij weyng cc iij quarterons xxiiij lb iij weyng 
cc j quarteron x lb iij weyng cc j quarteron other iij 
weyng cc j quarteron vj weyng D j quarteron x lb 
iij weyng c j quarteron xj lb & ij weyng ccxxvj lb 
All whuch Cables Hawsers & Ropes conteyne in 
weight amongest theym iiij"^ dc di iij lb price of 
euery c weight x^ So of hym in lykewyse to the 
vse & behoff of the seid Ship bought within the 
tyme of this Acompte .... xxiij'" v' iij"* 

Also payed to Thomas Steward William Eliott 
& Edmunde White of lyne Ropers for iij shotte of 
New Cables whereof ij shotte conteyne in weight 
xj^'dccc iij quarterons & xiiij lb And the other 
Shott conteynyng in weight v'^ccc j quarteron all 
whuch CabuUes conteyne in weight to gedyr xvij""' 
ccxiiij lb price of euery c — ix^ So of theym 
bought To the vse & behoffe of the seid ship within 
the tyme of this Acompte . . Ixxvij" ix^ j"* ob 

Also the seid Robert Brygandyn hath payed 
aswell for ij cabulles wherof oon was bought of 
Philipp lokyer oon of the custumers of Southampton 
weyng m'c di — ciij^ vj'' An other bought at lyne 
of iiij strondes weyng dccc j quarteron vij lb — 
Ixxiiij^ ix'' ob as for iiij hawsers of lynne makyng 
wherof oon of iij Strondes weyng dccc iij quarterons 
— Ixxviij^ ix** Another of iiij strondes weyng cccc iij 
quarterons xvij lb — xliiij* j"* ob and the iij'*' of iiij 
strondes weyng cc di xviij lb — xxiij^ xj"* qr And the 
iiij"' of iiij strondes weyng m'cxj lb — iv" xix^ x"* ob 
All whuch Cabulles & hawsers conteyn in weyght 
amongest theym iiij^'occxxv lb price of euery c 
weight ix= So by the seid Robert Brygandyn to the 
vse & behoff of the seid Ship bought within the 
tyme of this Acompte . . xxj" iiij^ xj^ ob. qr 

' Lynn. 



THE REGENT 245 

Also the seid Robert Brygandyn hath payed to 
Dame Margerye Astrie wydowe As well for xix 
newe cabuUes owte of the Wollofte ^ at Southampton 
wherof oon of theym weyng M'ccviij lb j weyng 
M'cccxiiij lb j of xiij ynch compas weyng m'dcccxxxv 
lb j of xiij ynche compas weyng m'dcccxxv lb j 
weyng M'cccxlviij lb j weyng m'vj lb j of xij ynch 
compas weyng m'ccccxHj lb j weyng m'cccxxxv lb 
j CabuUet weyng Dvij lb j Cabulle weyng m'cc iij 
quarterons xij lb j of xij ynche compas weyng 
m'cccc iij quarterons v lb j weyng m'dc di xxv lb j 
weyng m'c iij quarterons iiij lb j of xij ynch compas 
weyng m^cccc j quarteron xvij lb An other of xij 
ynche compas weyng m'ccccvj lb j of xj ynche di 
compas weyng m'ccc j quarteron vj lb ij qf xj ynch 
compas oon of theym weyng dccc di xiiij lb the other 
weyng n'cccvij lb & j weyng m'dcx lb j of xj ynch di 
compas weyng m'ccc di xxj lb As for xj Newe 
hawsers wherof ij of theym weyng dc iij quarterons 
xxiij lb ij others weyng dcc di ij weyng Dccxxij lb j 
weyng cccc j quarteron ij lb j other weyng cccc j 
quarteron vij lb j weyng cccc j quarteron ix lb & ij 
of yj ynche compas weyng Dcccx lb all whuch cables 
& hawsers conteyne amongest theym in weyght 
xxxj"" lb price of euery c weight ix^ So of her 
bought to the vse & behoff of the seid Ship within 
the tyme of this Acompte . . . cxxxix" x' 

Also payed to William Roper of Hayllyng for 
certeyn Ropes & other Cordage necessarie & 
neddefull for the seid ship weyng dc iij quarterons 
price of euery c weight xj' So of hym bought to 
the vse of the seid Ship within the tyme of this 
Acompte Ixxiiij' iij"* 

Ankers. Also the seid Robert Brygandyn To 

' Wool loft, loft of the woolhouse. The woolhouse, now 
known as the 'Spanish prison,' dates from the fourteenth century 
(Davies, Hist, of Southampton, p. 94). 



246 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Brankyn Lomebard at Southampton for an anker 
of a Caryke whuch serveth for oon of the Sterborde 
Bowers of the seid ship of hym bought to the seid 
vse within the tyme of this Acompte . . xij'' 

Also payed in lykewyse to Phylipp Lokyer oon 
of the Custumers of Southampton for ij ankers 
wherof oon of theym servyth for a lateborde Bower 
the other for a lateborde destrell of hym in lykewyse 
bought to the behoff of the seid Ship within the 
tyme of this Acompte price in grete . . xxv" 

Ankre stokkes. Also payed to Richard Joye 
of farham as well for a grete Anker Stok that 
seruyth the grete Anker that comme from Hampton 
price with the cariage of the same iiij^ As for iiij 
other Ankers Stokkes that seruyth iiij other ankers 
belongyng to the seid Ship at ij^ vj'' the pece with 
the cariage of the same x^ So of hym bought And 
to the seid Ankers annexed within the tyme of this 
Acompte ....... xiiij' 

Elmyn Tryes^ for Gonne Stokkes. Also 
payed in lykewith to John Keyte for xx Elmyn tres 
price the pece xij"^ — xx^ & for the cariage of the 
same to Portesmouth — xiij^ iiij"* of hym so bought 
& apon makyng of Gonne stokkes for Gonnes 
belongyng to the seid Ship occupied spent & 
employed within the tyme of this Acompte 

xxxiij^ iiij** 

Ores. Also the seid Robert Brygandyn hath 
payed to Morgan of Havant for iiij dossen ores price 
the dossen vj^ viij** So of hyme bought for the Botes 
of the seid Ship within the tyme of this Acompte 

xxvj' viij** 

Also payed in lykewse for cc long ores bought 

in Roane ^ of xxiiij fote xxij & xx fote of lengeth a 

pece price the pece at ffyrst bying xij"* — x" to John 

Michell Maister of a Grayer named the James of 

' Elm trees. ^ Rouen. 



d 



THE REGENT 247 

Wolleworthwyke for the freight of the same frome 
the Citie of Roane in the parties of ; Normandye 
vnto the porte of Portesmouth — xlvj' viij*^ So by 
the seid Robert Brygandyne by the commaunde- 
ment of my lorde Steward & Maister controller of 
our soueraigne lorde the Kynges moste noble 
houesehold to the behoff of the seyd Ship bought 
within the tyme of this Acompte . xij'' vj' viij"* 

Blokkes of tymbre for snache poleys. 
Also payed to Robert Tornor of Estechepe at 
London for certeyn blokkes chosyn by the maister 
of the seid ship for to make snachepoylleyes & other 
smale poyles price at the fyrst bying x^ and for 
cariage of the same from London to Southampton 
ij* iiij*^ So by hyme bought occupied & spent 
abought makyng xviij — snachepoUeyes iij & polyesof 
dyvers sortys xv as aforesaid within the tyme of this 
Acompte . . . . . . . xij^ iiij** 

Stuff of the Marie Toure bought & delyuered 
to the behoff of the Regent. 

Also the seid Robert Brygandyn hath payed to 
the executors of Sir Rauf Astrie Knyght By the 
handes of Thomas Warley and of the telleyr of the 
Kynges Receypte at Westminster for certeyn Stuff 
takle & Apparell that late apperteyned to the Marie 
Towre That is to say for ij ankers wherof oon 
seruyth for a sterborde destrell the other for a 
caggyng anker xliiij Gonnes of yron called 
Sarpentynes with cxxix chambers belongyng vnto 
theym & to euery gonne a miche bolte & forlokkes 
of yron iiij dossen bylles for the warre half a barell 
with pellettes of lede & dice of yron And by the 
seid Robert Brygandyn to the vse & behoff of the 
seid ship bought within the tyme of this Acompte 
whuch stuff & takle by the praysemente of John 



248 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Myller & John Alyngton of Eryth By the highe 
myghty & drade commaundement of our soueraigne 
lord the Kyng Indefferently chosen in the presence 
of Philipp Rychardes oon of the custumers of 
Southampton And the seid Robert Brygandyn was 
praysed & estemyd to the value of . Ixvj" xij^ 
Somme of the prouision and Empcion of Takle 
& Apperell for the Regent aforesaid 

Dxlij'' xvij^ xj*^ q' 



Conveyance of Stuff takle & Apparell 

ffreight & hyre of Botes, ffyrst the seid Robert 
Brygandyn hath payed for the ffryght of iiij cables 
frome Ha!mpton to Portesmouth that is to sey for 
euery Cabull ij^ whuch were delyuered to the vse of 
the seid Ship by John Dawtrieoon of the Custumers 
of Southampton by the hygh myghty & drade 
commaundement of our Soveraigne lord the Kyng 
within the foresaid tyme of this Acompte with the 
whuch iiij cables the seid Robert Brygandyn is 
charged as in the Tytle of fforyn Receiptes in the 
acompt of Stuff of the seid ship more playnely 
appereth viij^ 

Also payed in lykewyse for the hyre of ij botes 
whuch caried & conveyed certeyn mastes frome 
Hampton to Portesmouth for the vse of the seid 
Ship that is to say to John Carpenter of pole ^ for 
the hyre of his bote x^ And to William Purcer oi 
Southampton for lyke hyre of his bote vj^ viij^ By 
couvenaunt made with theym in grete within the 
tyme of this Acompte .... xvj^ viij** 

Also payed to William Purcer & his company 
by couenaunt in grete made at Hampton aswell for 
cariage of certeyn mastes to the Watyrsyde and 

' Poole. 



THE REGENT 



249 



ther to be made in a Raff & So to be conveyed to 
Portesmouth — xiiij^ So that when they come 
ageynst Hassellworth poynte to Portesmouth ward 
the wynde contraryed & the wether was so Strayne- 
able that scace they gate into Lymyngton haven & 
ther tarying the seid Robert Brygandyn havyng grete 
nede of the seid mastes was fayne to hyre John 
Carpenters bote of pole & company that halpe with 
the other bote to Retourne the seid mastes to 
Portesmouth where they served to toppe the Regent 
in the dokke at euery tyde bothe ebbe & flowde & 
so payed to the seid men of pole for theyr laboure 
— x^ in all By couvenaunt in grete amountyng vnto 
the Somme of . . . . . . xxiiij^ 

Also payed in lykewyse to John ffawster of 
Portesmouth for the hyre of his Bote of viij tonne 
tyght & ij servauntes with hym conveying certeyn 
Stuff takle & Apperell of the seid ship parte of it 
from Portesmouth & parte from Porcestrie ^ vnto 
the Seid Ship wheras she rode byfore the yle of 
Weight goyng with his bote vj tymes laden By 
covenaunt in grete within the tyme of this Acompte 

x^ 

Cariage by lande. Also payed for a Rewarde 
gyven to dyverse men laboryng abought the con- 
veyaunce of havyng owte the cordage owte of the 
Wollehouse at Southampton whuch was bought of 
Dame Margery Astrye & bryngyng hit abourde oon 
the crayer So to be conveyed to Portesmouth 
within the tyme of this Acompte — x' & for a lyke 
Reward gyven to 1 men that Brought the Grete 
Anker at Hampton with other iij ankers abourde 
oon John Myllers crayer when they sholde be 
conveyed abourde oon the Regent within the seid 
tyme of this Acompt — vij" viij^ & for the hyre of ij 
men & iij horse that halpe to convey the money 
' Porchester. 



250 NAVAL ACCOU.NTS 

that was Receyved at Myddelent for ryggyng of the 
Regent & Soueraign — xj^ in all . . xxviij^ viij"^ 
flfreight & hyre of a crayer. Also the seid 
Robert Brygandyn hath payed to John Miller of 
Eryth aswell for the hyre & freight of his crayer 
called the Trynite of Eryth of the Bourden of xl 
Tonne As for the wages & vitayle of certeyn 
maryners awaytyng oon the same so occupied in the 
Kynges service abought the conveyance of certeyn 
Stuff takle & apparell for the Kynges shippes frome 
the xxviij* day of ffebruarye the xij* yere^ of our 
soveraigne lorde Kyng Henry the vij* vnto the 
xxvij* day of May next ensuyng that is to sey by 
the space of iij monethes & iiij dayes in maner & 
forme folowyng the seid veassayle fyrst freight at 
London with tordage saylyng frome thens vnto 
Portesmouth & ther dyscharged then frome thens 
to Southampton & ther Recharged with the cordage 
bought of my lady Astrye Saylyng ayene to 
Portesmouth & ther dyscharged Then from thens 
to Lynne whuch ther was Recharged with the New 
cordage apoynted for our Soueraigne lorde the 
Kynges shippes & so sayled ayen to Portesmouth 
& ther dyscharged Then after agene to Hampton 
whuch ther Recharged the grete Anker a Karryk 
ankre with ij other ankers bought of Philipp Lokyer 
oon of the Custumers of Southampton & brought 
these Ankers abourde the Regent at Stok Bray^ and 
after the seid Ankers werr discharged the seid 
vessayle was sent ij tymes laden with Gonnes & 
other stuff frome the Dokke at Portesmouth abourde 
the Regent withoute Portesmouth haven at Stokke 
Bray whuch ther dyscharged comme ayene to 
Portesmouth haven by the commaundement of my 
lorde Steward for to awayte apon the new barke 
named the Swepestake & ther the seid Trenyte 
' 1497. "^ Sic. Stokes Bay. 



THE REGENT 251 

toke in to her certeyn vitayle that comme frome the 
Erasmous of Hampton with certeyn cordage ores & 
j anker whuch she conveyed to the Kynges other 
Newe Barkke named the Marie Fortune at 
Smalehedde in Kent where she dyscharged & then 
sayled home to Eryth wher she aryved the xxvij* 
day of May for the whuch labour & besynes fyrst 
payed to the seid John Miller for the ffryght of the 
seid vessell for the seid iij monethes & iiij dayes as 
aforesaid for euery moneth — xxxvj' — cxij' vj'' And 
for the wages of Robert Borffeld Maister of the seid 
Grayer & v other maryners vndre hym the seid 
maister at x' by the moneth xxxj' iij"* & yche of the 
maryners at v^ by the moneth Ixxviij^ j*^ ob amountyng 
for the seid iij moneth & iiij dayes to cix^ iiij"* ob 
And for the Bourde & Vitayle of the seid vj 
personnes ych of theym at xij"* ob by the weke 
amountyng for the seid iij monethes & iiij dayes 
aforesaid to Ixxviij^ j** ob in all amountyng for freight 
wages & vitayle aforesaid to . . . . xv" 
fforeyn necessarie expences. Also the seid 
Robert Brygandyn hath payed certeyn fforeyn. 
costes & necessarie expences concernyng the 
prouision of the seid takle & apparell that is to say 
ffyrst to John Easton of Portesmouth for his Costes 
sent vnto Lynne ther to provied & se the best Stuff 
that cowde be hade in that parties to be putte vnto 
the makyng of the cordage that was ordined & made 
therr for our Soueraigne lorde the Kynges shippes 
So occupied awaytyng and attendendyng abought 
the seid besynes by the space of Ixx dayes takyng 
xij"* by the day — Ixx^ Also for xxxvj shegge Shevys ^ 
layed alow in John Millers crayer for donage^ 
vnder the Cordage ladyn in here at Lynne — xij* 
Also vij grete mattes for coueryng of the seid 
Cordage^j' v"* Also for the Cranage and portage 
' Thirty-six sheaves, or bundles, of sedges. * Dunnage. 



252 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

of the Cables & cordage that was made and Shypped 
at Lynne — iiij^ Also for the howse hyre at the 
Crayne in Lynne wher the seid cordage lay — xx** 
Also for a Reward gevyn vnto a lodesman for the 
conveyaunce of John Millers Grayer laden with the 
Kynges Stuff that is to say frome Lynne to 
Crowmere ^ in Eskapyng the damagez of that place 
iiij^ iiij"* in all amountyng to . . . iij" ij* v** 
Somme of the costes of conveyaunce of stuff 
takle & apparell for the Kynges seid ship with other 
necessarie expencez concernyng the same aforesaid 

xxiij'' ix^ ix^ 

Costes of vnmoryng Conveiaunce & moryng 
ayene of the seid Ship. 

ffyrst the seid Robert Brygandyne hath payed 
for the Costes & expencez hade & Susteyned aswell 
abought the vnmoryng of the seid Ship in Portes- 
mouth haven after her comyng owte of Scoteland 
wheras the seid Ship rode betwyxt the Towre & the 
dokke as for the conveyaunce of the same ship frome 
thens into the Rode wheras She now lyeth in her 
olde moryng place byfore the village of Elston 
ferther vp within the seid haven with the Grete 
yron chaynes & other certeyn takle necessarie for 
the same That is to say aswell for the expencez of 
mete & drynke of cvij personnes laboryng awaytyng 
occupied & attendyng abought the seid bysenes by 
the space of iij dayes & ij nyghtes That is to say the 
xxj" day the xxiiij day & xxv^ of Octobre the xiij''' 
yere^ of our Soveraigne lorde Kyng Henry the vij"" 
xlviij^ vij'' As for a Reward in money gevyn to the 
seid cvij personnes for theyre attendance & besynes 
abought the premisses within the tyme of this 
Acompte — xlij* xj^ . . . . iiij" xj^ vj* 
' Cromer. * i497- 



THE REGENT 253 

Wages of Mariners. Also the seid Robert 
Brygandyn hath payed for the wages of certeyn 
maryners dayly & nyghtly awaytyng & attendyng 
abought the kepyng of the seid Ship in Portesmouth 
havyn after her commyng owte of Scotteland That 
is to say frome the xvij* day of Septembre the xiij* 
yere^ of the reigne of our soueraigne lorde Kyng 
Henry the vij* vnto the ix* day of Decembre next 
ensuyng ^ by the space of iij monethes that is to 
say fyrst for the wages of John Cappe maister by 
the space of vj wekes within the seid tyme & xiij 
other maryners by the space of the seid iij monethes 
the seid maister takyng iij^ iiij** by the weke — x? the 
purcer & the Boteswayne ych of theym at xx"^ by the 
weke — xl^ iij other maryners ych of theym at xvj'* 
by the weke — xlviij^ iij other maryners ych of theym 
at xv^ by the weke — xlv^ ij other maryners ych of 
theym at xiiij** by the weke — xxviij^ ij other 
maryners ych of theym at xij^ by the weke — xxiiij^ 
And to Caf Coke of the seid Ship takyng x** by the 
weke — x^ amountyng in all for the tymes aforesaid to 

x" xv^ 

Vitayle fewell & Candell. Also the seid 
Robert Brygandyn hath payed for the expence of 
vitayle fewell & Candell spent amongest the seid 
xiiij personnes within the seid iij monethes that is 
to say euery moneth in bredde xij dossen — xxxvj' In 
Beyre iij pypes at vj^ viij*^ the pipe — Ix^ In sake 
beff halff a pype price the pype xxxij^ — xlviij^ In 
ffressh mete euery moneth iiij^ — xij= In salte ffyssh 
euery moneth xxxiiij salteffysshes price v^ vj'* — xvj^ 
vj** In wode dc price the c [vj"*] viij"* — xij' and in 
Candell a dossen price xv"* — iij' ix** in all amountyng 
for the seid iij monethes within the tyme of this 
Acompte to ix" viij' iij"* 

> 1497. ^ Ibid. 



254 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Somme of the costes & expences of kepyng the 
Regent Sythen her commyng owte of Scotteland as 
aforesaid xxiiij" xiiij' ix"* 

Somme of almaner of Costes charges & Expences 
concerning the Regent within the tyme of this 
Acompte as aforesaid . . . m'xHj" xj' v** q' 



Thaccompte of Stuff Takle & Apparell 
ordinaunce Artillarie & Abillamentes of 
Warre Apperteynyng to the Regent 
Aforesaid. 

Here ensueth thaccompte aswell of all maner 
Stuff Store Takle & Apparell as of the Ordinaunce 
Artillaries and habyllamentes of Warre with other 
soundrie Necessaries apperteynyng to the seid Ship 
the vj* day of Juyn the x* yere ^ of our Soueraign 
lord Kyng Henry the vij* whuch day the seid 
Robert Brygandyn ffyrst toke & receyved the seid 
ship lying at Rode in the Kynges haven at Portes- 
mouth into his handes & Guydyng By the Kynges 
comaundement of his gracious mouthe As of lyke 
Stuff Takle & Apparell By the seid Robert 
Brygandyn provided ordyned & bought or in any 
other maner of wyse to & for the vse & behoff of 
the seid Ship receyued with almaner delyuerances 
employmentes expences perusynges losse & wast of 
the same Stuff takle Store & other premisses within 
the tyme of this Acompte As here after ensuyth 
That ys to say 

ffyrst the seid Ship with Stuff takle apperell 
ordinaunce Artillarie & abillamentes of warre 
apperteynyng to the same the day & yere abouesaid 
Receyved at Portesmouth aforesaid 

' 1495- 



THE REGENT 



255 



Mayne Mastes . . 

Shrowdes ffeble . 

Hallyers for the same ffeble 

Mayne Stayes feble 

Pollankers feble 

Mayn tyes ffeble . 

Mayn Takkes ffeble 

Bowlynes ffeble . 

Whele ropes for the mayne sayle feble 

Stryke ropes for the same feble 

Chaynes of yron for the mayne shrowdes 

Dedemenyen to the same 

Shyvers of Brasse to the mayne takle 

Breton takles ffeble 

Shyvers of Brasse with polleys for the 

same ..... 

pendentes for Breton takles ffeble 
halleyers to the same ffeble . 
Sweftyng takles ffeble . 
polleys to the same 
pendentes for Garnettes feble 
hallyers for the same feble . . 
Grete Garnettes with pendentes ffeble 
Hallyers to the same ffeble . . 
Shyvers of brasse with polleys to the 

same 
Mayne yerdes ffeble 
Mayne sayles doble feble 
Bonettes to the same doble ij & syngle j 
Mayn parell .... 
Breste Ropes to the same ffeble 
Mayne Trussez . 
Lyche hokes of yron for the mayne 

sayle 
Drynges ffeble 
Trussez ffeble 
Stedynges ffeble . 



J 
xxxvj 

xviij 

J.. 
viij 

ij 

U 

U 

j 

U 
xxxvj 

1 •• 

Ixxij 
xxix 



J 

U . 
xvj 

xlviij 

iiij 

nij 

j 
j 

ij 

j 

j 

"j 

j 

j 

j 



256 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Bracez ffeble 

Braylles ffeble 

Jeres for the mayne sayle ffeble 

Shyvers of Brasse with poUeys to the 

same .... 

lyfts for the mayne sayle ffeble 
loffe hokes of yron 
mayne Shuttes ffeble 
warre Takkes ffeble 
Shyvers of Brasse for the mayne 

Shuttes 
Mayne Toppes feble 
Mayne toppe mastes feble 
Shrowdes for the same feble 
Sayles feble . 
yerdes to the same 
Aparell to the same 
Bowlynes to the same feble 
lyftes for the same feble 
Shuttes for the same feble 
Devettes with a Shever of Brasse 
Cranelynes to the same ffeble 
Stayes ffeble .... 

Toppes apon the mayne toppe maste 
Mastes to the same feble 
sayles for the same ffeble 
Shrowdes to the same feble 
foremastes ffeble . 
Shrowdes to the same feble 
Dedemenyen 

Chaynes of yron to the Shrowdes . 
halleyers to the same Shrowdes . 
pendenttes for pollankers ffeble 
Hallyers to the same ffeble . 
pendentes for Swyftyng takles feble 
hallyers to the same feble 
Stayes ffeble .... 



vuj 

J 
xvj 

xxxij 

xyj 

xvj 

ij 
U 

y 
y 

J 



THE REGENT 



257 



Tyes to the same fifeble 

Hallyers to the same feble . 

Shy vers of Brasse to the same 

lyftes to the foresayle feble . 

Trussez ffeble 

Bowlynes feble 

Shuttes to the foresaile feble. 

Bracez to the same feble 

Bray lies to the same feble 

foreyerdes .... 

Sayles for the same doble feble 

Bonettes to the same feble . 

foretoppes ffeble . 

mastes to the same feble 

Shrowdes to the same feble . 

lyftes feble . 

Parell feble . 

Tyes ffeble . 

Hallyers ffeble 

Stayes ffeble 

Bowelynes ffeble 

Shuttes ffeble 

yerdes ffeble 

Sayles feble . 

Bowsprettes ffeble 

sayles to the same feble 

yerdes to the same 

Shere hokes of yron to the Bowsprette 

Tyes for the spretesayle feble 

Shuttes to the same feble 

yerde ropes to the same feble 

long devettes of tymbre with ij Shyvers 

of Brasse 

Shorte devettes with a Shyver of yron 
Knyghtes in the forecastell with ij 

Shyvers of Brasse . 
Grete lanternes over the fore Byttes 



y 



Vllj 



y 



payer 



258 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Watche Belles .... 
mette Tables in the Maister's Kabayn 
Trestelles to the same . 
Chares of Waynscotte . 
Hokes of yron to ffysshe Ankers with 
Shevers of Brasse to the same 
Ropes to the same feble 
Bowsesynynges feble . 
Shankpayntours feble . 
Bowpayntours for destrelles feble . 
Shankpayntors for destrelles worne & 

feble 
Mayne meson mastes . 
Shrowdes for the same feble 
Hallyers for the same feble 
Chaynes of yron to the same 
Dedemenyen 
Tyes ffeble . 
Hallyers to the same feble 
Trussez to the same feble 
lyftes to the same feble 
yerdes .... 
sayles to the same feble 
parell to the same feble 
Toppes feble 
Shuttes for the sayle 
Boneaventure mastes feble 
Shrowdes ffeble . 
hallyers to the same feble 
Chaynes of yron to the same [ffeble] 
Dedemenyen 
stayes ffeble . 
Tyes ffeble . 
hallyers to the same ffeble 
Trussez Roten 
lyftes ffeble . 



y 

J 

y 

J 

y 
y 
y 
y 
y 
j 

j 

xij 
xij 

^y ... 

xxiiij 
j 



X 
X 
X 
XX 



THE REGENT 



259 



Shyvers of Brasse with polleyes to the 

same 
Shuttes ffeble 
yerdes . 

sayles olde & Rotyn 
parell feble . 

mastes for owtelyggers at Sterne 
polleyes to the same 
Toppes to the seid Boneaventure maste 
Mayne Capsteyns feble 
Capsteyns in the deke abowe the mayne 

capstene . 
Capsteynes in the forecastell 
poompes by the mayne meste j & by the 

mayne meson maste j 
Grete botes for the seid Ship 
mastes ...... 

Shrowdes ffeble .... 

Steyes ffeble .... 

Sayles to the same feble 
Grete Devettes of tymbre for the same 
Shyvers of Brasse to the same 
Shyvers of yron in the Botes hede 
Chaynes of yron in the bowes of the seid 

Bote . 
Cokke Botes to the seid ship olde & 

Rotyn 
Botes called Joliwat to the seid ship olde 

& Rotyn .... 
ores to the seid Botes . 
fforeskolles j & after skoUes j 



j 

j 

j.. 
viij 



J 

j . 
viij 

y 



In the storehouse of the seid Ship 

Toppearmers of say olde & very ffeble . v 

Stremmers of say very olde & ffeble . iij 

Baners of say very olde & ffeble . . xj 



S2 



26o 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



of 



Gyttornes ^ of say olde & ffeble 

pendantes of say with Rede Crosses & 
Roses ..... 

Crownes of Coper & gylte . 

ladelles of yron for to caste lede with 

Soundyng ledes of xiiij lb j — of xij lb 
pece ij . . . . . 

Grappers of yron with a broken chayn 

Grette Shyvers of brasse 

Tankardes of a galon apece — ij 
potelles ^ a pece — vj in all 

Drynkyng boUez .... 

Sestornes ^ of bras for the fornes . 

Ketylles grete — j with the botome owte 
& smale very feble j . 

Ketylles for pyche the botome owte 

Brasyn pottes brokyn 

Gyrdeyrons Brokyn 

Spyttes 

Cobardes * to the same 

Tryvettes 

Treyn platters 

Ankers of diuers sortes that is to say 
Shut Ankers — ^j Sterbourde bowers 
broken in peces — j Lathebourde 
Bowers broken in peces — j Ankers 
called Destrelles broken — j and hole 
— j — ij Ankers called caggers — ^j 
Ankers very lytell for the seid Ship 
some Broken & some very croked — v 
& for the Grete bote of the said Ship 
— j in all 

Cables olde Rotyn & feble of diuerse 
sortes of xv ynch compas— j of iiij 



xxij 

j 
"j 

"j 

j 
vij 

viij 

j 

ij 

j 

j 

j 

j 

j 

j 
xij 



xy 



' Or Guidons. ^ Pottle, two quarts. ' Cisterns. 

'' The irons supporting the spit, sometimes also called cobb- 
irons. 



THE REGENT 



261 



Strondes & vij ynch compas — j of viij 
ynch compas for the Ships Grete bote 
j — in all . , , , . . 

Hawsers of vj ynch compas — ij of iiij 
ynch compas — j & of vj ynch compas 
Rotyn — j in all . 

Boye Ropes Rotyn & Worne 

Sowndyng Lynes feble . 

Serpentynes of Bras vnstoked 

Sarpentynes of Brasse stokeked 

yron worke for xx of the seid gonnes 
that is to say xx miches xx boltes & 
XX forelokes ..... 

Chamebers of Brasse for the seid 
Serpentynes ..... 

Serpentynes of yron of dyuerse sortes . 

Chambres for the same 

XX xx 

Miches iiijvj Boltes iiijvj & forelokes 

XX 

iiijvj for parell ^ of the seid Ser- 
pentynes ...... 

Arrowes olde rotyn & very ffeble . 

Chestes to the same .... 



"J 



nij 
j 

y 

XX 
X 



Ix 
ccccij 



cclviij 
D sheffes 



Stuff takle and Apparell with other Necces- 
saryes Bought to & for the use of the seid 
Ship within the tyme of this Acompte that 
is to say 

Pavyses of popeler borde 

Hangyng lokes to the Storehouse dore 

of the seid Ship . . . . 
fore mastes to the said Ship of Spruce 

tre ...... . 

Mayne yerdes 

Bowsprettes ...... 

• Apparel. 



cc 



262 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Boneaventure mastes . 

Mayne toppe mastes 

Slyght canvas xxxv boltes Grete mighty 
canvas Ixvj Boltes in all . 

Sayle Twyne .... 

Marlyne ..... 

Raddelyne ..... 

Millayne Nedylles 

Cables of diverse sortes that is to say of 
Jeane makyng weyng dcc di viij lb — j 
weyng d j quarteron & xijlb — j weyng 
D j quarteron xij lb — j weyng dc di 
vj lb — j weyng d j quarteron v lb — j 
weyng cccc iij quarterons xxvij lb — j 
weyng Dcj quarteron ij lb — j weyng 
Dxviij lb — j of Normandye makyng 
weyng cccccxviij lb— j weyng dx lb — j 
weyng xj^'dccc iij quarterons xiiij lb — 
iiij weyng v^'ccc j quarteron — ij 
weyng m'c di — j weyng dccc j quar- 
teron vij lb — j weyng M'ccviij lb — j 
weyng M'cccxiiij lb — j of xiij ynche 
compas weyng m'dcccxxxv lb— j of 



J 

j 

cj boltes 
c weight di 
ccc wfeight 

DC weight 

DC 



xuj ynche compas weyng m'dcccxxv 
lb — ') weyng mVj lb — j weyng 
M'cccxlviij lb — ^j of xij ynche compas 
weyng M'ccccxxij lb — j weyng 
m'cccxxxv lb — j weyng m'cc iij 
quarterons xij lb — j of xij ynche com- 
pas weyng m'cccc iij quarterons v lb 
— j weyng m'cc di xxv lb — j weyng 
m'c iij quarterons iiij lb — j of xij inche 
compas weyng m'cccc j quarteron xvij 
lb — j of xij ynche compas weyng 
m'ccccvj lb — j xj ynche di compas 
weyng m'ccc j quarteron vj lb — j of 
xj ynche compas weyng dccc di xiiij 



THE REGENT 263 

lb — j weyng M'cccvij lb — j weyng 
m'dcx lb — j of xj .ynch di compas 
weigng m'ccc di xxj lb j in all . . xxxvij 

Cabelettes weyng ccc j quarteron xij lb 
— j weyng Dvij lb — j in all . . ij 

Hawsers of diuerse sortes that is to say 
of Jeane makyng weyng cc di xxj lb 
— j weyng cc di xvj lb — j weyng cc iij 
quarterons — j weyng cc j quarteron 
— j weyng cc di iiij lb — j weyng cc j 
quarteron — ^j weyng ccviij lb — j 
weyng cciij lb — ^j weyng cc lb — j 
weyng cc di xix lb — j weyng ccc di 
xvij lb — ij weyng cccc j quarteron xj 
lb — ij weyng ccxv lb — ^j weyng cvij 
lb — j And of Normandye makyng 
weyng cccc iiij lb — ij weyng c j 
quarteron xvj lb — ^j weyng c di — 
j weyng iij quarterons iiij lb — j 
weyng ccc lb — iiij of lynne makyng 
of iij Strondes weyng dccc iij quar- 
terons — j of iiij Strondes weyng 
cccc iij quarterons xvij lb — j of iiij 
Strondes weyng cc di xviij lb — j of 
iiij Strondes weyng m'cxj lb — ^j weyng 
DC iij quarterons xxiij lb — ij weyng Dec 
di — ij weyng Dccxxij lb— ij weyng 
cccc j quarteron ij lb — j weyng cccc j 
quarteron vij lb — j weyng cccc j 
quarteron x lb — j of vj ynche compas 
weyng dcccx lb — ij . . . . xl 

Ropes of dyverse sortes weyng cc iij 
quarterons x lb — iij weyng cc iij 
quarterons xxiiij lbs — iij weyng cc j 
quarteron x lb — ^^iij weyng cc j' quar- 
teron — iij weyng cc j quarteron — iij 
weyng d j quarteron x lb — vj weyng 



264 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



c j quarteron xj lb- 
lb — ii in all . 



-iij weyng ccxxvj 



xxvj 
at vxij lb 



xxJ 



ccxlviij 

XV 

xliiij 
cxxix 

cxxxij 
iiij dossen 
di barell 



Cordage weyng dc iij quarterons — c 

Ankers called Sterbourde Bowers — j 
latebourde Bowers — j latebourde des- 
trelles — j Sterbourde destrelles — j 
Caggyng Ankers — j in all . 

["Anker Stokkes .... 

LGonne Stokkes .... 

ores to the Botes iiij dossen and to the 
ij Barkkes cc . 

Snache poUeys .... 

poUeys of dyuers sortes 

Gonnes of yron called Serpentynes 

Chambers to the same . 

Boltes xliiij Miches xliiij & forlokes xliiij 
to the same .... 

Bylles (for the warre) . 

pellettes of lede & dyce of yron . 

Miches Ixxv Boltes Ixxv & forlokes Ixxv 
for part of the Gonnes receyved with 
the sayd Ship for the garnyshing of 
Ixxv of the seid Gonnes wrought at 
the Kynges forge .... 

Ordinance Artillarie & abillamentes of warre 
receyved of Syr Robert Clyfford ^ Maister of the 
Kynges ordinance &c. 

* ' Cancelled here because they are annexed and expended as 
appears in the parcel of emptions.' 

* Of the Westmoreland family of that name ; third son of 
Thomas, 12 th Lord Clifford, who was killed in 1455 at the battle 
of St. Albans. Robert Clifford's patent as Master of the 
Ordnance was dated 23 August, 1495, and it was his reward for 
an act of treachery. In 1493 he had joined Warbeck in Flanders, 
and was admitted to the pretender's confidence ; in 1494 he pur- 
chased his pardon from Henry by betraying the names of 
Warbeck's real or supposed English adherents. Among these 
was the Lord Chamberlain, Sir Wm. Stanley, to whose timely aid 



ccxxv 



THE REGENT 



265 



Bowes . 
Strynges 
Arowes 
Bylles . 
Speres . 
Gonne powdre 
Lede . 
Dyce of yron 
Tampyons 



cc 

V groce 
cccc sheffes 
cc 



j laste 
Dcccc di^ 
ccc lb 
iij""' Shotte 

As in the Acompte of the Ordinaunce in the ende 
of this boke more playnely apperith 

fforen Receiptes of Stuff Takle & Apperell for 
the said Ship that is to say 

Grete Ankers Receyved at the Kay in 
Hampton by the Kynges comaunde- 
mente ...... 

Cables Receyved of John Dawtrie of 
Hampton by the Kynges comaunde- 
ment 

Cables Receyved of the Kynges Ship 
called the Soveraigne of xj ynche 
compas ...... ij 

Henry owed life and crown at Bosworth. Stanley was executed 
on the strength of a few words said to have been exchanged with 
Clifford, but perhaps his real offence was that of being the richest 
subject in England. It was a matter of common belief that 
Clifford had joined Warbeck from the first with Henry's know- 
ledge and approval as a government spy. Bacon (Life of 
Henry fYZ) doubts this because 'he (Clifford) never recovered 
that degree of grace which he had with the king before his 
going over.' Bacon was not aware, apparently, of this grant 
of the mastership of the Ordnance, given after Stanley's execu- 
tion, and nine months after a pardon, dated 22 December, 1494, 
that must have been drawn up within a few" days of Clifford's 
return to England. 

Sir Robert married the widow of Sir Ralph Joslin, Lord 
Mayor of London, in 1476, and founded the Lincolnshire br9,nch 
of the Clifford family. 

' Nine and a half cwt. 



J 



Ulj 



266 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Stuff takle & Apparell wrought of the Kynges 
Stuff for the Behoff of the seid Ship within 
tyme of this Acompte that is to say 



Shrowdes to the Mayne mast 
pendentes for Breton takles . 


X 

ij 


hallyers to the same . . 

pendenttes for Garnettes 

hallyers to the same 

Grete Garnettes with pendenttes . 

Halleyrs to the same . . . . 

Drynges 

Trussez 


ij 

liij 

nij 

j 
j 
j 
j 


Stedynges ..... 


ij 


Brasez 


ij 


Braylles ..... 


j 


Jerys^ 

hallyers to the mayne Shrowdes . 
lyftes for the mayne sayle 

Mayne Tyes 

whele Ropes . . . . . 
Shrowdes for the mayne toppe maste . 
Shuttes for the mayne toppe sayle 

Craynelynes 

Stayes for the mayne toppe mast . 
Stayes to the foremaste 


j 
xviij 

ij 
ij 
j 

X 


Tyes to the same .... 
hallyers to the same 
lyftes to the foresayle . 
Trussez to the same 




Bowlynes to the same . 

pendentes for pollankers of the fore 




maste 


• ij 


Hallyers to the same . 
pendentes for Sweftyng takles 
Shuttes for the foresayle 


• ij 

• iJ 

• iJ 



' Jeers. 



THE REGENT 



267 



Bracez to the same . . 
Trussez for the mayne mesyn sayle 
halleyrs to the same sayle . 
lyftes for the mayne toppe sayle . 
Bowlynes for the same . 
Brayles for the foresayle 
Tyes for the spret sayle 
Shuttes for the sprete sayle . 
yerde Ropes to the same 
Hoke Ropes for ffyshyng of ankers 
Bowsesynynges .... 

Shankpaynters .... 

Bowpaynters for destrelles . 
Shankepaynters for destrelles 
lyftes to the mayne mesyn mast . 
Shrowdes for the Boneaventure mast 
Tyes to the same .... 

Trussez to the same 
hallyers to the same 
hande ropes ..... 

takes for the mayne sayle 

Shuttes to the same . . . . 

Bote Ropes for the seid shyppes Grete 
bote ...... 

Gyes warpes .... 

Boy ropes ..... 

Warpyng cables .... 

Bonettes for the foresayle 
Boneaventure sayles 



J 
J 

y 
y 

j 
j 

y 

y 

y 

y 

y 

j 

y 

j 

X 

j 
j 
j 

xviij 
ij 

y 

j 

j 

vj 

"j 

j 

j 



Somme totall of all Stuff Takle Apparall 
ordinance Artillarie and abillamentes of 
warre with other Necessaries aforesaid. 



Mayne Mastes 
Mayne Shrowdes . 
Hallyers to the same 



J 
xlvj 

xxxvj 



268 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Mayne stayes 


J.. 


pollankers 


viij 


Mayne tyes 


iiij 


Mayne Takkes . . . . . 


Hlj 


Bowlynes ...... 


ij 


Whele Ropes 


y 


Stryke Ropes 


y 


Chaynes of yron for the mayne 




Shrowdes 


xxxvj 


Dedemenyen . . . . . 


Ixxij 


Shy vers of Brasse to the seid takle 


xxix 


Breton takles 


"J 


Shyvers of Brasse with polleyes to the 




same ..... 


X 


jendentes for Breton Takles 


iiij 


lalleyrs for the same . . . . 


iiij 


Swyftyng takles 


xvj 


polleys to the same . . . . 


xlviij 


jendentes for Garnettes 


viij 


lallyers to the same . . . . 


viij 


Grete Garnettes with pendentes . 


ij 


Shyvers of Brasse to the same with 




polies 


ij 


Hallyers to the same . . . . 


U 


Mayne yerdes .... 


U 


Mayne sayles doble 


ij 


Bonettes to the same doble ij & syngle ^ 


"J 


Mayne parelles .... 


J 


Breste Ropes to the same 


J 


Mayne trusse parelles . 


• j 


lych hokes of yron for the mayn sayle 


• ij 


Drynges ..... 


• iJ 


Trussez ..... 


• ij 


Stedynges 


. mj 


Braces 


. inj 


Brayles 


• y 


Jeres for the mayne sayle 


• y 



THE REGENT 



269 



lyftes for the mayne sayle 
Shy vers of Brasse with poleys to the 
same . . . . , 

loff hokes of yron .... 

Ware takkes .... 

Mayne Shuttes .... 

Shyvers of Brasse to the same 
Mayne Toppes .... 

Mayne Toppes mast 

Shrowdes to the same . 

Sayles ...... 

yerdes to the same 

parell to the same 

Bowlynes ..... 

lyftes ...... 

Shuttes to the sayle 

Devettes with a Shyver of Brasse 

Cranelynes ..... 

Stayes ...... 

Toppes apon the mane toppe maste 

mastes to the same 

Sayles to the same 

Shrowdes to the same . 

fore mastes ..... 

Shrowdes to the same . 

Dedemenyen to the same 

Chaynes of yron to the same Shrowdes 

hallyers to the same 

pendentes for pollankers 

hallyers to the same 

pendentes for Swyftyng takles 

hallyers to the same 

Stayes for the foremast 

Tyes to the same .... 

hallyers to the same 

Shyvers of Brasse to the same 

lyftes ...... 



uij 
iij 

y 

nij 

ij 
J 

y 

XX 

J 

J 

j 
mj 

nij 

nij 

j 

y 

y 

j 

j 

j... 

viij 

y . 

xvj 
xxxij 
xvj 
xvj 

iiij 

ij 
iiij 

y 
y 

Ulj 

y 
y 

"ij 



270 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Trussez 

Bowelynes 

Shuttes for the foresayle 

Bracez for the same 

Braylles for the same 

foreyerdes . 

foresayles doble . 

Bonettes to the same 

fore toppes . 

fore toppe mastes , 

Shrowdes 

lyftes . 

parell . 

Tyes . 

hallyers 

Stayes . 

Bowlynes 

Shuttes 

yerdes . 

Sayles . 

Bowsprettes 

Sayles to the same 

yerdes to the same 

Sherhokes of yron for the Bowsprette 

Tyes to the Sprete sayle 

Shuttes to the same 

yerdis ropes to the same 

long devettes of tymbre with ij Shyvers 

of Brasse in the forecastell 
Shorte devettes with shyvers of yron 
Knyghtes in the forecastell with 

Shyvers of Brasse 
Grete lanterns over the fore Byttes 
Wache Belles .... 
Mete Tables in the Masters cabayne 
Trestelles for the same . 
Chayres of waynscotte . 



iiij 
inj 
inj 
nij 

ij 

J 

J 

j 

j... 
viij 

ij 

j 

j 

j 

j 

U 

y 

j 
j 
U 
j 

j 

j payer 

ij 
nij 

iiij 



J 
j 
ij 
j 

j 



THE REGENT 



271 



Hokes of yron for fysshyng of Ankers . 


ij 


Shyvers of Bras to the same 


ij 


Hoke ropes for fyssyng of ankers . 


iiij 


Bowsesenynges 


iiij 


Shankpaynters 


iiij 


Bowpaynters for destrelles . 


ij 


Shanke paynters for destrelles 


iiij 


Mayne mesyn mastes . . . . 


j 


Shrowdes 


xij 


Hallyers to the same . . . . 


xij 


Chaynes of yron to the same 


xij 


Dedemenyen 


xxiiij 


Tyes for the same . . . . 




Hallyers to the same . . . . 




Trussez to the same 




lyftes to the same 




yerdes 




Sayles to the same . . . . 




parell to the same . . . . 




Toppes to the seid mesyn mast 




Shuttes for the mesyn sayle . 




Boneaventure mastes . 




Shrowdes ...... 


XX 


Hallyers to the same , 


X 


Chaynes of yron to the same 


X 


Trussez ..... 


ij 


Dedemenyen .... 


. XX 


Stayes 


• j 


Tyes 


• ij 


hallyers to the same 


• y 


lyftes 


• j 


Shyvers of Brasse with polleys to tht 




same 


• iij 


Shuttes 


• j 


yerdes 


• j 


Sayles to the same 


• y 


parell for the same 


• j 



272 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

owtleggers at Sterne . 

poUeys to the sayme 

Toppes to the Boneaventure maste 

hande ropes .... 

Bote roppes for the seid Shippes Grete 

Bote 

Gyes ^ warpes .... 
Boy ropes ..... 
Warpyng cables .... 
Mayne Capsteynes 
Capsteynes in the deke aboue the mayne 

Capsteyne .... 
Capsteynes in the forcastell . 
plompes ^ by the mayne mest j & by the 

mesyn mast j . . . 
Grete Botes Belongyng to the seid Ship 
Mastes to the same 
Shrowdes to the same . 
Stayes ...... 

Sayles ...... 

Grete devettes of tymbre for the same 
Shyvers of Brasse to the same 
Shyvers of yron in the Botes hede 
Chaynes of yron in the Bowes of the 

seid Bote ..... 
ffore Scolles j & after ScoUes j 
Cokke Botes Belongyng to the seid Ship j 
Botes called Jolywates . . , j 



xvuj 

j 
vij 

"j 
j 

j 

ij 

j 

j. 
viij 

j 
j 
j 
j 
j 

ij 



In the Storehouse of the seid ship. 

Top Armers of Say olde & very feble . v 

Stremers of Say olde & ffeble . . iij 

Baners of say ffeble . . . ■ xj 

Gettornes of say ffeble . . . . ij 

' Guy ; old Yx: guier, M. E. g^e, to govern (Wright). 
' Pumps, German Plumpe. 



THE REGENT 



273 



xij lb 



of 



pendentes of Say with Red Crosses & 

Roses .... 
Crownes of Coper & Gilte . 
laddylles of yron for to caste lede 
Soundyng ledes of xiiij lb — ^j of 

apece — ij . 
Grappers of yron with a broken chayne 
Crete Shyvers of Brasse 
Tankerdes of a galon apece — ij 

potelles apece vj — in all . 
Drynkyng Bolles . 
Sesternes of Brasse for the fornes 
Kettelles Crete j & Smale j 
Brassyn pottes broken 
Gyrdeyrons . 
Spyttes 
Coberdes 
Trevettes 
Trene platters 
Kettelles for pych broken 
Ankers Crete & Smale 
Cables olde iij & newe xliij 
Cabelettes .... 
Hawsers olde iiij & New xl 
Snache poUeys 
polleys of diuerse Sortes 
Ropes of diuerse sortes 
Cordage weyng 
Canvas 
Sayle Twyne 
Marlyne 
Raddelyne . 
Mylleyn Nedilles 

hangyng lokkes to the Storehouse 
Sowdyng lynes . 
Ores long cc & shorte Ivj 



DCllJ 



dore j 



xxij 
j 

j 

vij 

viij 

iij 

j 

U 

j 

j 

j 

j 

j 
xij 

j 

xviij 

xlvj 

ij 
xliiij 

iij 

XV 

xxvj 
quarterons 

cj boltes 

c weight di 

ccc weight 

DC weight 



DC 



cclvj 



274 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Serpentynes of Brasse xxx & yron ciiij 
XV with theyr miches Boltes & fore- 


lokkes 


ccxxv 


Chambres to the same of Brasse Ij & ^ 


Iron ccccxxxj .... 
Bowes 


. Diiijij 
. cc 


Strynges 

Arowesold Dsheffes & Neweccccsheffes 


. V gross 
Dcccc sheffes 


Chestes for d sheffes of the seid Arowes 


olde & very ffeble 

Bylles 

Sperys 

Gonne powdre 

lede 




X 

ccxlviij 

c 

j laste 

DCCCC di 


Disce of yron 

Pyllettes of lede & dyce of yron 
Tampyons .... 
pavyses of popeler borde 


. ccc lb 
. di barell 
m'm'm' Shotte 
. cc 



Delyuerances perusynges & otherwise 
demenyng of the Stuff takle & apparell 
ordinaunce artillarie & abillamentes of 
warre aforesayd that is to say 

Stuff spent employed & Annexed to & for 
makyng of takle and apparell for the seid Shippe. 

ffyrst ther is employed Annexed and Spent thes 
parcelles of Stuff ensuyng in Newmakyng of takle 
and apparell to & for the vse and behoff of the seid 
Ship That is to say v hawsers weyng m'm'xIj lb 
employed & spent for makyng of x New Shrowdes 
Also an hawser weyng cc di xix lb employed & spent 
for makyng of ij pendentes for the breton takles 
Also ij hawsers weyng ccc di xvij lb for makyng of 
ij hallyers for the Breton takles An hawser weyng 
cc di iiij lb for makyng of iiij pendentes for Garnettes 
that belong to the mayne takle Also iiij hawsers 



THE REGENT 275 

weyng ccc lb employed & spent for makyng of iiij 
hallyers for the seid Garnettes Also an hawser 
weyng ccxv lb for makyng of a Grete Garnete with 
a pendente Also an hawser weyng cc lb for makyng 
of j hallyere for the seid Grete Garnette An hawser 
weyng c di for makyng of j dryng An hawser 
weyng ccviij lb for makyng of j Trusse An hawser 
weyng cciij lb for makyng of j stedyng An hawser 
weyng cc j quarteron xvj lb for makyng of ij Bracez 
ij hawsers weyng dc iij quarterons xxiij lb for makyng 
of a Braile & j J ere also dc iij quarterons weight 
Cordage employed & spent for & abought the 
mekyng of xviij hallyers for the mayne Shrowdes 
Also ij hawsers weyng dcc di for makyng of ij lyftes 
for the mayne sayle Also an hawser of iiij Strondes 
weyng m'cxj lb for makyng of ij mayne Tyes an 
hawser weyng dccc iij quarterons for makyng of oon 
whele Rope Also ij hawsers weyng cccciiij lb for 
the makyng of x Shrowdes for the mayne Toppe 
maste %l ij Shuttes for the mayne Toppe Sayle An 
hawser weyng cvij lb for makyng of a Crayne lyne 
An hawser weyng iij quarterons iiij lb for makyng 
of j Staye for the mayn Toppe maste ij hawsers 
weyng dccc x lb for makyng of j Staye ij Tyes & 
j hallyer for the foremaste ij hausers weyng cccc j 
quarteron xj lb for makyng of ij liftes & ij Trussez 
for the foresayle an hawser weyng cc di xxij lb for 
makyng of ij Bowelynes for the foresayle An hawser 
weyng cc iij quarterons for makyng of iiij pendentes 
for the pollankers and Swifting takles of the fore- 
maste An hawsere of iiij Strondes weyng cccc iij 
quarterons xvij lb for makyng of ij Shuttes for the 
foresayle An hawser weyng cc di xvj lb for makyng 
of ij hallyers for the foresayd pollankers An hawser 
weyng cc j quarteron for makyng of ij bracez for the 
foresayle An hawser weyng cc j quarteron for 
makyng of j trusse for the mayn mesyn sayle An 

T 2 



276 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

hawser weyng cc di xviij lb employed for makyng 
of j hallyere for the mayn mesyn sayle An hawser 
of vj inche compas for makyng of j Tye for the spret- 
sayle ij hawsers oon of vj ynche & oon other of iiij 
ynche compas for makyng of ij hoke ropes ij 
Bowesesenynges iiij Shank paynters & j bowe 
payntere Also ther is spent & employed to & for 
the makyng of other smale Takle to the seid Shipp 
certeyn Ropes That is to say iij Ropes weyng cc iij 
quarterons xxiiij lb for makyng of ij lyfts & ij 
Bowelynes for the mayne Toppe sayle & j Brayle 
for the foresayle iij Ropes weyng cc j quarteron x lb 
for makyng of ij Shuttes for the Spretesayle ij yerde 
Ropes for the same & j lifte for the mayne mesyn 
sayle vj Ropes weyng cccc di employed for makyng 
of X Shrowdes for the Boneaventure mast ij Ropes 
weyng ccxxvj lb for makyng of j Tye j Trusse & j 
hallyere for the Boneaventure maste vj Ropes weyng 
cccxxj lb for makyng of xviij hande ropes belongyng 
to the seid Ship Also there is employed annexed & 
spent to & for the use of the seid Shipp j Cable weyng 
Dec di viij lb for makyng of ij loffe takkes for the 
mayne sayle j Cable weyng dccc j quarteron vij lb 
for makyng of ij Shuttes for the seid sayle j cable 
weyng dccc di xiiij lb employed for makyng of j 
Rope for the seid Shippes grete Bote j cable weyng 
DC di vj lb employed for makyng of j Gyes Warpe 
to the seid Ship iij Cables weyng m'dcj lb for 
makyng of vj Boye ropes iij Cables weyng m'dxxvIj 
lb for makyng of iij warpyng Cables to the seid 
Ship within the tyme of this Accompte 

Total of hawsers and ropes . . Ixxiij 
Stuff spent & employed abought the Reparalyng 
& amendyng of certeyn Takle belongyng to the seid 
Ship within the tyme of this Acompte 

Also ther ys spent employed and annexed to 
and abought Reparacion & Amendyng of certeyn 



THE REGENT 277 

Takle & apparell Belongyng to the seid Ship Thies 
parcelles ensuyng that is to say j Cable weyng dc j 
quarteron ij lb spent employed & annexed for & 
apon Reparacion of the Mayne Staye Also vj 
Ropes weyng dc j quarteron x lb spent and em- 
ployed abought woUyng of the mayne maste also 
xxij boltes canvas spent employed & annexed to & 
for the makyng of oon Bonette to the foresayle & a 
Boneaventure Sayle with Reparacion of the mayne 
sayles foresayle spretesayle mayne Toppe Sayle 
ffor Toppe sayle & mayne mesyn sayle Also vj c 
mylleyn nedylles in likewyse spent abought 
reparacion & amendyng of the seyd Sayles Also,c 
weight di Sayle Twyne And ccc weight Marlyne 
in lykewyse spent employed & annexed To & apon 
the seid Sayles Also dc Radelyne employed 
annexed & spent apon reparacion & Radelynyng of 
the Shrowdes Belongyng vnto the seid Ship within 
the tyme of this Acompte 



Cables weyng dc j quarteron ij lb 
Ropes weyng dc j quarteron x lb 
Canvas ..... 

Mylleyn Nedylles . 

Sayle twyne .... 

Marlyne ..... 

Raddelyne .... 



J 

vj 

xxij boltes 

DC 

c weight di 
ccc weight 
DC weight 



Stuff Takle and Apparell ordinance Artyllaries 
& Abillamentes of warre spent broken 
perused & loste. 

Also there is perused worne Rottyn broken 
wasted spent lost And consumyde And by long 
contynuance enfebeled thes parcelles of Stuff Takle 
& Apparell with other diuers & Soundrie necessaries 
Ensuyng Aswell to & for the sauffegarde & Kepyng 



278 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

of the seid Ship lying at Portesmouth havayn As in 
moryng and vnmoryng of the same at diuers & 
Soundrie tymes within the tyme of this Acompte 
Afore her departure into Scotteland as Afore the 
tyme of this Acompte in WiUiam Comersalles tyme 
late clerke of the seyd Kynges Shippes empayred & 
enfebysshed that is to say x mayne Shrowdes ij 
mayne Tyes ij mayne Takkes j whele rope ij pen- 
dentes for Breton Takles ij Hallyers for the same 
iiij pendentes for Garnettes iiij Hallyers to the 
same A pendannte for a grete Garnette j Hallyer to 
the same A mayne yerde Rotteyn to noght And for 
his feblenes perused ij mayne Stedynges ij mayne 
brasses j mayne yere ij mayne lyftes perused And 
Rotteyn And for their ffeblenes cast ouer Borde 
Also ij mayne Shuttes A mayne top mast perused 
And Rotteyn to noght Also x Shrowdes To the 
same ij Bowlynes to the same ij lyftes to the same 
ii Shuttes to the same a Crayne lyne to the same a 
Stay to the same also a Toppe maste aboue the 
mayne Toppe maste Rotteyn perused & consumyd 
to noght A sayle to the same Rotteyn & perused 
Also viij Shrowdes belongyng to the same Also a 
foremaste Rotteyn & perused ij pendentes for 
poUankers ij hallyers to the same ij pendenttes for 
Sweftyng takles Rotteyn consumyd & Spent Also a 
Stay fore the foremaste Rotteyn & consumyd to 
noght Also ij Tyes for the same An Hallyer To 
the same perused & spent 

Also ij lyftes for the foresayle ij Trusses to the 
same ij Bowelynes for the same ij Shuttes for the 
same ij Braces for the same A Brayle for the same 
Rotteyn perused & for their feblenes cast over the 
Ship borde Also a Bowsprete perused & Rotteyn 
to noght Also a Tye to the sprete sayle ij Shuttes 
for the same ij yerd Ropes for the same ij hoke 
ropes for to fisshe Ankers ij Bowsesenynges ij 



THE REGENT 279^ 

Shank .. paynters j Bowpaynter for destrelles ij 
Shankpaynters for destrelles perused & Rotteyn to 
noght Also an hallyer for the mayne mesyn sayle 
A Trusse to the same a lyfte to the same a 
boneaventure maste perused & Rotyn x Shrowdes 
for the same a Tye for the same An hallyer for the 
same A trusse for the same A Boneaventure sayle 
Rotyn & perused Also an hausere of vj ynche 
compas A Boye Rope A cable of xv ynche compas 
A cable of viij ynch compas for the Shipes Grete bote 
Abought the moryng & the vnmoryng of the seid 
Ship as aforesayd spent broken wasted & lost At 
Soundrie tymes within the tyme of this acompte 
Also spent perused Broken & worne to & for the 
use defence & safgard of the seid Ship beyng a 
warrefare in the parties of Scotteland in the Kynges 
Riall Armye frome the xiiij"" day of May the xij"" 
yere ^ of our Soueraigne lord Kyng Henry the vij"" 
vnto the xvij* day of Septembre in the xiij* yere^ of 
our sayd Soveraign lorde the Kynges Reigne by 
the space of xviij wekes that is to say xvj ores 
belongyng to. the botes of the said Shipp xxix 
Serpentynes of yron broken in peces which peces 
remaynyng wey by estimacyon m'dcccc weight Also 
a serpentyne of Brasse broken in peces the metall 

remaynyng weighing iiijx lb Also iij Groce di* 
Bowestrynges cxix Bylles for the Warre Ixxvij 
sperres viij barelles Gonepowdre dccc weight di 
Lede cc iij quarterons Dyce of yron m'm'dcc shote 
tampyons xxv Stokkes for Serpentynes broken & 
lost within the tyme of this Acompte 

> 1497. 2 Ibid. 

' Three and a half gross. 



28o NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Yet Deliuerances of Stuff Takle & Apparell 
with other abillamentes of Warre to 
Soundrie Shippes beyng in the Kynges 
warres that is to say To 

The Kynges ship called the Soueraigne 

Also delivered to our Soueraigne lorde the 
Kynges Ship Riall called the Soveraigne in exchang 
for ij cables of xj ynche Compas with the whuche the 
seid Robert Brygandyn afore in thaccompte of Stuff 
of this Ship is charged As in the Tytle of fforen 
Receyptes of Stuff for the seid ship more playnely 
Apperyth 
Cables of xiij ynche compas . . . ij 

With the whuch the seid Robert Brygandyne is 
charged in thaccompt of the seid shippe 

The Henry of BrystoU 

Also delyuered To the Henry of Brystoll by the 
commaundment of my lorde Steward the iij"^^ day of 
the moneth of Juyn in the xij"" yere ^ of the Kynges 
most noble reigne for the sauegarde of the seid Ship 
in the Kynges noble viage Toward Scoteland 

Cables weyng iij"^ cc iij quarterons vij lb ij 

Whereof Thomas Westcotte is to answer 

The Anne of ffowey 

Also delyuered to Thomas Virgo Master of the 
Anne of ffowey by the commaundment of my seid 
lorde Steward the ffyrst day of July the seid xij* yere^ 
for ye sauegarde of the seid Shipp the seid viage 
Toward Scoteland 

Cables weyng m'c di . . . . j 

Whereof the seid Thomas Virgo is to answer 

' 1497. =" Ibid.. 



THE REGEN'T 281 

The Armytage 

Also delyuered to Stephyn Bull Capteyne of the 
Armytage By the commaundement of my seid 
lorde Steward for the sauegarde of the seid Ship in 
the foresayd vyage Toward Scoteland 

Cables weyng M^ccviij lb . . . j 
Ankers called Destrelles . . . j 

Of whiche Stuff the seid Stephyn Bull is to 
answer 

A Ship of Lynne 

Also delyuered to Thomas Boussey Auner of 
the ^ that came from Lynne By commaunde- 

ment of my seid lorde Steward for the Sauegarde of 
the seid Thomas Bousseys Ship beyng present in 
the seid viage Toward Scoteland 

Cables weyng M'cccvij lb . . . j 

Whereof the seid Thomas Boussey is to answer 



A Ship of Dertmouth ^ 

Also delyuered To John Esmey of Dertemouth 
By the commaundement of my seid lorde Steward 
for the Sauegarde of his Ship beyng present in the 
foresayd viage vnto Scoteland 

Cables ffeble of vij ynche compas . . j 
Ankers called Caggers . . . . j 

Of which Stuff the seyd John Esmey is to 
answere 

» Blank in MS. 

2 The Gregory Ismay (Teller^ Rolls, 63). 



282 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Somme of all Stuff Takle and Apparell 
ordinance Artillaries and Abillamentes of 
warre delyuered perused Annexed Em- 
ployed within the tyme Aforesaid 



hawsers 


■ • • 


. xliiij 


Ropes of diuers sortes . 


xxvj 


Cables 


;xxj 


Canvas 




xxij boltes 


Millyne nedylles 




DC 


Sayle Twyne 




c weight di 


marlyne 




ccc weight 


Radelyne 




DC weight 


Mayne Shrowdes 




X 


Mayne Tyes 




ij 


Mayne Takkes 




ij 


whele ropes . 




J 


oendentes for Breton takles . 


ij 


'. lallyers to the same . . . . 


ij 


sendentes for Garnettes 


iiij 


lallyers to the same . . . . 


mj 


Dendentes for Crete Garnettes 


J 


lallyers to the same 


J 


Mayne yerdes .... 


j 


Mayne Stedynges 


y 


Mayne Bracez .... 


ij 


Mayne Jeres .... 


j 


Mayne Lyftes .... 


u 


Mayne Shuttes .... 


y 


Mayne Toppe Mastes . 


• i 


Shrowdes to the same . 


. X 


Bowelynes to the same . 


• ij 


lyftes to the same .... 


• iJ 


Shuttes to the same 


• ij 


Cranelynes to the same 


• j 


Stayes to the same 


:k 


• j 



THE REGENT 



283 



Toppe mastes aboue the mayne Toppe 




mast 


■ > • 


j 


Sayles to the same 


. 




j _ 


Shrowdes to the same . 


. 




viij 


fore mastes . 








Dendentes of PoUankers 








'. lallyers to the same 


, 






pendentes for Swyftyng 


takles 






ffore Stayes . 


. 






Tyes to the same . 








Hallyers to the same . 


. 






Lyftes to the same 








Trussez to the same 


. 






Bowlynes to the same . 


, 






Shuttes to the same 


, 






Bracez to the same 


, 






Braylles to the same 


. 






Bowesprettes 


. 






Tyes to the same . 


, 






Shuttes to the same 


, 






yerde Ropes 


. 






Hoke ropes for fyssyng 


of Ankers 






Bowesesenynges . 


. 






Shanke paynters . 


. 






Bowepaynters 


. 






Shankepaynters for destrell . 






hallyers for the mayn mesyn sayle 






Trusses to the same 








Mesyn Liftes 








Boneaventure mastes 






j 


Shrowdes to the same 






. X 


Tyes to the same 








Hallyers to the same 








Trusses to the same 








Sayles . 








Boye Ropes 






• j . 


ores 






. xvj 



284 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Serpentynes of yron xxix & of Brasse j . xxx 
Bowestrynges . . . . . iij Groce di 



Billes 

Speres . 

Gonne poudre 

Ledde . 

Dyce of yron 

Tampyons . 

Stokkes for Serpentynes 



cxix 

. Ixxvij 

. viij barelles 

Dccc weight di 

cc iij quarterons 

m'm'dcc shotte 

. XXV 



And so Remayneth the said Ship in the 
Kynges haven at Portesmouth the laste 
day of this Acompte with the Stuff Takle 
and Apparell ordinance Artilleries & 
Abillamentes of Warre vndrewrytyn That 
is to Say 



Mayne Mastes 

Mayne Shrowdes . 

Mayne Stayes 

hallyers for the mayne Shrowdes ffeble 

pollankers ffeble . 

Mayne Tyes 

Mayne Takkes 

Bowelynes ffeble . 

whele Ropes 

Stryke Ropes ffeble 

Chaynes of yron for the mayn Shrowdes 

Dedemenyen to the same 

Shyvers of Brasse belongyng to the 

mayne takle 
Breton takles ffeble 
pendentes to the same 
hallyers to the same 
Shyvers of Brasse with pollyes be 

longyng to the seid Breton takles 
Swyftyng takles feble . 



J 
xxxvj 

j 

xxxvj 
viij 

ij 

y 

j 

xxxvj 
Ixxij 

xxix 

iij 
U 
ij 



XVJ 



THE REGENT 



285 



polleys to the same 

pendentes for Garnettes 

hallyers to the same 

Grete Garnettes with pendentes 

Shyvers of Brasse to the same 

Hallyers to the same . 

Mayne yerdes 

Mayne Sayles doble 

Bonettes to the same doble ij & syngle 

Mayne parell feble 

Breste ropes to the same ffeble 

Mayne Truse parell ffeble 

Lyche hokes of yron for the mayne sayle 

Drynges 

Trussez 

Stedynges . 

Bracez . 

Braylles 

Jeres to the maynesayle 

Shyvers of Brasse with polleys to the 

same .... 

lyftes to the mayne sayle 
loff hokes of yron . 
Warre takkes ffeble 
Mayne Shuttes 

Shyvers of Brasse to the same 
Mayne Toppes 
Mayne Toppe mastes . 
Shrowdes to the same . 
Sayles olde & ffeble 
yerdes ..... 
parell ..... 
Bowelynes .... 
lyftes ..... 
Shuttes to the Toppesayle . 
Devettes with a Shyver of Brasse 
Craynelynes ... 



xlviij 

iiij 

iiij 

J 

J 
J 
j 

j 

j 

j 

u 

u 

y 

ij 

ij 

j 

j 



J 
j 
j 
ij 
y 
ij 
j 
j 



286 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Toppes apon the mayne Toppe maste 
Stayes ffeble i . . . 
foremastes ..... 

Shrowdes old & feble . 
Dedemenyen .... 

Chaynes of yron to the seid shrowdes 

hallyers to the same 

pendentes for poUankers 

hallyers to the same 

pendentes for Swyftyng takles 

hallyers to the same . 

Stayes to the foremaste 

Tyes ...... 

Hallyers ..... 

Shyvers of Brasse to the same 
Lyftes to the foresayle . 
Trusses to the same 
Bowelynes ..... 

Shuttes to the foresayle 
Braces to the same 
Braylles to the same 
foreyerdes ..... 

foresaylles doble .... 

Bonettes to the same Newe & Olde 
fore Toppes ..... 

ffore Toppe mast .... 

Shrowdes to the same . 

lyftes ffeble ..... 

Parell ffeble 

Tyes ffeble ..... 
Hallyers ffeble .... 
Steyes ffeble .... 
Bowlynes ffeble . 
Shuttes ffeble .... 
yerdes ffeble .... 

Saylles ffeble .... 
Bowsperettes .... 



J 
J 

J 

xvj 

xxxij 

xvj 

xvj 



VllJ 



THE REGENT 



287 



Sayles to the same 

yerdes ...... 

Sherhokes of yron to the Bowesprette 

Tyes to the Spretesayle 

Shuttes to the same 

yerde Ropes .... 

long Devettes of tymbre with ij Shy vers 

of Bras in the forecastell . 
Shortte Devettes vith Shyvers of yron 
Knyghtes with ij shyvers of Brasse in 

the forecastell .... 
Grete lanternes over the fore Bittes 
Wache Belles .... 
Mete Tables in ye Masters cabayn 
Trestelles to the same . 
Chayres of Wayneskotte 
Hokes of yron for fyssyng of Ankers 
Shyvers of Brasse to the same 
Hoke ropes for fyssyng of Ankers 
Bowsesenynges .... 
Shanke paynters .... 
Bowpaynters for destrelles . 
Shanke paynters for destrelles 
Mayne mesyn mastes . 
Shrowdes olde & ffeble 
Hallyers olde & ffeble . 
chaynes of yron to the seid Shrowdes 
Dedemenyen .... 
Tyes ffeble ..... 
Hallyers for the same . 
Trussez to the same 
lyftes to the same .... 
yerdes ....•• 
Saylles ffeble .... 
Parell to the same 
Mesyn Toppes .... 
Shuttes for the sayle . 



payer 



xij 
xij 

^y ... 

xxiiij 



288 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Boneaventure mastes . 
Shrowdes ..... 

Chaynes of yron to the same 
Hallyers to the same feble . 
Dedemenyen .... 

Stayes feble ..... 

Tyes ...... 

hallyers to the same 

Trussez ..... 

lyftes ffeble ..... 

Shyvers of Brasse with pollyes 
Shuttes ffeble .... 

yerdes ...... 

parelles for the same 

owtelygers at Sterne 

polleyes to the same 

Boneaventure Toppes . 

Boneaventure sayles 

hande ropes ..... 

Ropes for the seid Shipps Grete bote 
Gyes warpes .... 

Boye ropes ..... 

Warpyng Cables .... 

Mayne Capsteynes 
Capsteynes in the dek aboue the mayne 
capsteyne ..... 

Capsteynes in the forecastell 

pollyes of diuerse sortes 

Snache poUeys .... 

plompes 

Grete Botes belongyng to the seid Ship 

Mastes to the same 

Shrowdes ffeble .... 

Stayes ffeble .... 

Sayles ffeble .... 

Grete Devettes of tymbre 
Shyvers of Brasse to the same 



J 

X 
X 
X 
XX 

j 

j 

j 

j 

j 

"j 

j 

j 

j 

j 

j 

j 

j 

xviij 

j 
j 

"j 
j 

j 
j 

XV 

"j 
ij 
j 
j.. 

viij 



THE REGENT 



289 



Shyvers of yron to the Botes hede 
Chaynes of yron in the Bowes of the seid 

Bote 

fibre Skolles j after Skolles j 

Botys called the Jolywatt 

Cokke Botes belongyng to the seid Ship 

Ores long cc & shorte xl . . . 



J 
ij 

y 

j 

j 
ccxl 



In the Storehouse of the seid Ship 



XIJ 



lb 



Toppe Armars of say olde & very ffeble 
Stremers of Say olde & very ffeble 
Baners of Say olde & very ffeble . 
Gyttorns of Say olde & very ffeble 
pendentes of Say olde & very ffeble with 

Rede crosses & Roses 
Crownes of Coper & Gilt 
ladelles of yron for to cast lede 
Sowndyng leddes of xiiij lb j of 

apece ij . 
Grappers of yron with a Broken chayne 
Grete Shyvers of brasse 
Canvas 
Tankardes of Galons apece — ; 

potelles — vj 
Drynkyn Bolles . 
Sesternes of brass for fornes 
ketelles Grete Broken j & SmayL 

feble j 
Brasyn pottes Broken 
Gyrdeyrons . 
Spyttys 
Cobardes 
Tryvettes 
Treyne platers 
Ketylles for pyche with the Botome owte 



of 



e very 



ly 

xj 

iJ 

xxij 
j 

"j 

j 
vij 

Ixxix boltes 
viij 

j 

ij 

j 

j 

j 

j 

j 

xij 

j 



290 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Ankers of diuerse sortes that is to say 

Grete ankers of Hampton j Shute ankers 
j Sterborde Bowers ij Lateborde 
Bowers ij Sterborde Destrelles j 
Caggyng Ankers j Warpyng Ankers j 
Destrelles broken j Ankers very lytle 
for the seid Ship v Grete Bote Ankers 
j — in all xvj 

Cables of xiij ynchecompasveryffeble — ij 
of xj ynche compas very ffeble — ij of 
xj"' Dccc iij quarterons xiiij lb weight — 
iiij of v^'ccc j quarteron — ij of 
M'cccxiiij lb weight — j of xiij ynch 
compas weyng m'dcccxxv lb — j of 
Dccccxviij lb — j of xiij ynche compas 
weyng m'dcccxxv lb very ffeble — j of 
M^cccxlvij lb weight — ^j of xij ynche 
compas weyng m'cccxIjj lb very ffeble — j 
of m'cccxxxv lb weight — j of m'cc iij 
quarterons xij lb — j weying m'vj lb 
- — ^j of xij ynche compas weying 
m'cccc iij quarterons v lb — j of 
m'c iij quarterons iiij lb weight very 
feble — j of xij ynche compas weyng 
m'cccc j quarteron xvij lb feble — ^j of xij 
ynche compas weyng m'ccccvj lb ffeble 
— ^j of xj ynche di compas weyng m'ccc j 
quarteron vj lb very feble — j of xj 
ynche di compas weyng m'ccc di xxj 
lb — j in all . . . . . xxv 

Cabletes of ccc j quarteron xij lb weight 
— j of Dvij lb weight — j in all . ij 

Serpentynes of Brasse vith Miches 

Boltes & forlokes .... xxix 

Chambres of Brasse to the same . . Ij 

Serpentynes of yron with Miches] stokked cxvj 
boltes & forelokes . . . | vnstokked xxv 



THE SWEEPSTAKE 291 



Chambers of yron to the 


same 


. 


DXXXJ 


Bowes 


, 


. 


cc 


Chestes to the same . 


. 




iiij 


Strynges . 


. 


, , 


j Groce di 


Arowes olde & Roten d i 


sheffes Newe 




cccc sheffes . 




. 


Dcccc sheffes 


Chestes to the same olde 


viij & 


new X 


xviij 


Billes 




. 


cxxix 


Sperys 


. 


, 


xxiij 


Gonne poudre . 


. 




iiij barelles 


Lede 






c weight 


Dyce of yron 


. 


. j quarteron weight 


Tampyons 






ccc Shotte 



The Kynges New Barke called the 
Swepestake 

Here ensue certeyn paymentes costes & 
cherges by the seid Robert Brygandyne 
made hadde & susteyned aswell abought 
the edyfiyng and New making of our 
Soveraign lorde the Kynges New Barke 
called the Swepestake as of prouision of 
Stuff takle and apparell with other 
Soundrie Necessaries at diuerse & 
Soundrie tymes vithin the tyme of this 
Acompte as here after ensuyth That ys to 
Say 

Costys & prouision of Stuff" for the makyng of 
the Kynges New Barke called the Swepestake 

The Kele with the ij Stemys.^ — ffyrst the 
seid Robert Brygandyne in the name of Code hath 
payed to Thomas Jourde of Crofton in Hampeshyre 
husbandman for the Shippe Kele with the ij stemys 
belongyng vnto the same — price iiij^ x^ & to Thomas 
• Stems, stem and sternpost. 

u 2 



292 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Carpenter of the same Towne for cariage of the 
same frome the Towhe aforesaid to the Ryver Syde 
before the dokke at Portesmouth vj* by hym so 
provided for the Begynnyng of the said Shippe 
within the tyme of this Acompte . . . x^ x** 

Tymbre. Also the sayd Robert Brygandyne 
hath payed to divers & Soundrie personnes for 
tymbre of theym bought for the makyng of the seid 
Shippe & for cariage of the same That is to say ffyrst 
to thabbotte of Tychefeld for xl lode croked Tymbre 
price of euery lode vj** — xx' And to William 
Adeane of fifarham for cariage of the same from 
thens to the dokke — xxv^ To the Sacrestan of 
Hamelden * for a c peces Streight tymbre for 
bemys walys & other Necessaries in the seid Ship 
by couenaunt in grete with cariage of the same 
— xxxj^ viij"* Also to Nicholas Wodeham of Elston 
for xviij lode Tymbre in Grete — xij^ Also to 
William Adeane of ffarham for xx lode of tymbre in 
Grete — x^ And to Andrew Rowle of Elston for 
cariage of the same Tymbre from ffarham to Portes- 
mouth — vj' So by hym payd & bought & abought 
makyng of the seid Barke employed & spent within 
the tyme of this Acompte . . . ciiij^ viij'^ 

Cloffborde. Also the seid Robert Brygandyne 
in lykewyse hath payed to Soundrie personnes for 
Clofifeborde of theym bought for makyng of the seid 
Barke That is to say fifyrste to John Kempte of 
Botteley for di c price with the cariage — x^ to 
Thomas Absolon of Tychefeld for ccc pryce the c 
with the cariage xx^ — Ix^ to John Myddelton of 
Arundell Shipwryght for c di price with the cariage 
from Arundell to portesmouth — xl^ Also to William 
Porter of the I Hand of Wight for cc price with 
conveyaunce of the same owte of Neweporte into 
Portesmouth — xl^ Also to Syr Nicholas Lisle 
' Hambledon. 



THE SWEEPSTAKE 293 

Knyght in the yle of Wyght* for ccxl cloffebord price 
at ffyrst Bying in grete — xlviij^ iiij'' To Robert 
Harwych for the cariage of the same from the seid 
Knyghtes place to the See Syde & for the con- 
veyaunce of theyme frome thens to Portesmouth — 
iiij^ viij"^ So by hyme prouided bought & payed 
And abought the makyng of the seid Barke spent 
within the tyme of this Acompte . . . x" iij' 

Saweborde. Also payed to John fforde of 
Hamelden for m'd fote saweborde pryce of euery c 
ij' So of hyme bought & abought the makyng of 
the seyd Barke spent within the tyme of this Acompte 

xxx'' 

Yronworke nayles Roffe and Clynche. 
Also payed in lykewyse to Soundrie personnes for 
certeyn Jron worke Rouffe nayle & clynche for the 
behoff of the seid Barke That is to say ffyrst to 
Thomas lawles Smyth for m'm'cc Roffe & Nayle 
pryce the c iij^ iiij"* — Ixxiij^ iiij"* Also for m'm'ccc 
Rouffe & clynche price the c ij' viij'' — Ixj' iiij* 
Also for iij°°'Dc Rouffe & Nayle price the c — ij^ — 
Ixxij^ m'm^cc Roff & clynch price the c [ij' viij*] xx** 
— xxxvj' viij"* ccc Roffe & clynche price the c iij' 
iiij"* — x' cc of Sharpe nayle price of euery c — ij' iiij*^ 
— iiij' viij'' D sharpenayle price the hundred ij' — x' 
xxxiiij boltes of yron for Knees in the seid Ship 

weyng vxij lb price of euery lb j"* ob — xiiij' Also 
to John Arnalde Smyth of ffareham for m'd nayles 
price the c iiij"^ — v' m'cccc di nayles price the c yj"' 
— vij' iij"* Also to Nicholas Bownde Smyth of 
ffarham for m'd nayles price the c — riiij"' — v' And 
for m'cccc di nayles price the c vj'' — vij' iij'' So by 
hym bought and spent abought makyng of the seid 
Barke within the tyme of this Acompte xv" vj' vj^ 
Here & Scye. Also the seid Robert Brygan- 
dyne hath payed to Robert A Bouowre for here & 
1 Of the Lisles of Wotton, I. W. 



294 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Scye occupyed & layed in the Semys of the seid 
Ship within the tyme of this Acompte . . v' 
Pytche Tarre Okome Rossyn & Talowe. 
Also payed to Clayece Dowcheman for iiij barelles 
Tarre price the Barell iiij' viij*^ — xviij' viij"^ To 
Philipp Rychardes oon of the Custumers of 
Southampton for ccc di of okome pryce the c 
weight iij' — x' vj'* To Thomas Herres of Hammell 
for cc'j quarteron okome price the c iij' iiij*^ — vij' vj'' 
To the seid Clayce Dowcheman for v barelles pytche 
price the barell v' — xxv^ To Symonde Carpenter 
for c weight Rosyn to Rossyen the seid Ship aboue- 
water iiij' vj*^ and for cc weight Talowe price the c 
weight viij' — xvj^ So by hyme bought occupied 
employed & spent apon the seid Ship within the 
tyme of this Acompte .... iiij" ij' ij'' 

Shepe Skynnes. Also payed to John Englysh 
for a dossyn of Shepe skynnes of hym bought & 
spent abought the making of mappes occupied 
wasted & spent abought talowyng of the seid Ship 
within the tyme of this Acompte . . . iij' 
Wages of Shipwryghtes. Also the seid 
Robert Brygandyne hath payed for the wages of 
xj Shipwryghtes laboryng and workyng abought the 
edyfying makyng & Ryggyng of the seid Barke 
called the Swepestake ffrome the iiij"' day of 
ffebruary the xij* yere ^ of our Soueraigne lorde 
Kynge Henry the vij* vnto the iiij* day of Marche 
theyn next ensuyng by the space of iiij wekes 
within whuch tyme the seid Shipwryghtes labored 
& wrought by the Space of xxiij dayes iij of theym 
takyng vj^ ob a man by the day xxxvij' iiij"^ ob ; 
other iij takyng vj"^ a pece by the day — xxxiiij' vj*^ ; 
oon at v"* by the day ix' vij"^ ; & iiij of theym takyng 
iiij^ a man by the day xxx' viij'^ ; amountyng in all 
to ....... cxij' j"* ob 

1 1497. 



THE SWEEPSTAKE 295 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bourde & Vitayle of the seid xj personnes by the 
space of iiij wekes ych of theym takyng xij"^ ob by 
the weke ....... xlv^ x** 

Yet Wages of Shipwryghtes. Also payed 
in lykewyse for the wages of xvij Shipwryghtes 
laboryng and workyng abought the makyng & 
Ryggyng of the seid Barke frome the iiij"' day of 
Marche the xij* yere aforesayd vnto the xviij"" day 
of the same Moneth next ensuyng by the Space of ij 
wekes within whuch tyme the seid xvij personnes 
labored & wrought by the Space of xij dayes iij of 
theym takyng vj"^ ob a man by the day xix^ vj'^ ; vj 
other takyng vj^ apece by the day — xxxvj^ ; ij other 
at v"* a man by the day — x' ; oon at v"* ob — v^ vj'' ; 
And V otheyr at iiij'' a man by the day xx^ ; Amountyng 
in all to . . . . . . . iiij" xj^ 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bourde & Vitayle of the seid xvij personnes for the 
seid ij wekes ych of theym takyng xij'' ob by the 
weke ....... xxxv' v** 

Yet Wages of Shipwrightes. Also payed 
in lykewyse for the wages of xv Shipwryghtes 
laboryng & workyng abought the makyng of the 
seid Barke frome the xviij* day of Marche the xij"" 
yere aforesaid vnto the xxix* day of Aprill next 
ensuyng by the Space of vj wekes within whuch 
tyme the seid xv personnes labored & wrought by 
the space of xxx" dayes iij of theym takyng vj'' ob 
a man by the day iiij of theym takyng vj'' a man by 
the day oon other at v'' ob by the day ij other at 
v** a man by the day and v other ych of theym at iiij** 
a man by the day amountyng in all to ix'' xvij^ vj'' 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bourde & Vitayle of the seid xv personnes by the 
seid Space of vj wekes ych of theym takyng xij'' ob 
by the weke iiij'' xiij' ix"* 



296 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Yet Wages of Shipwrightes. Also payed 
in lykewyse for the wages of xiij Shipwrightes 
laboryng & workyng abought the makyng and 
Ryggyng of the seid Barke frome the xxix* day of 
Aprill the seid xij*^ yere of our Soueraigne lorde 
Kyng Henry the vij* vnto the xxiij*" day of May 
next ensuyng by the space of iij wekes & iij dayes 
within whuch tyme the seid xiij personnes labored 
& wrought by the Space of xviij dayes ij of theym 
takyng vj^ ob a man by the day iiij of theym takyng 
vj^ a man by the day oon of theym at v** ob by the 
day An other at v'' by the day And v other ych 
of theym takyng iiij"* by the day Amountyng in all 
to cj^ iij** 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bourde & Vitayle of the seid xiij personnes by the 
seid Space of iij wekes & iij dayes ych of theym 
takyng after the Rate of xij"* ob by the weke 
amountyng to ..... xlvj^ iiij 

Wages of Sawyers. Also payed in lykewyse 
for the wages of John Homer & Rychard Agate 
Sawyers laboryng & workyng abought Sawyng of 
certeyn tymbre into plankes quarterbordes & other 
Necessaries for the edyfying & Newe makyng of 
the seid Barke frome the iiij* day of the Monethe of 
fifebruarie in the xij* yere of our Seid Soveraigne 
lorde Kyng Henry the vij* vnto the xviij* day of 
marche next ensuyng by the space of vj wekes 
within whuch tyme the seid ij personnes labored & 
wrought by the space of xxxv" dayes ych of theym 
takyng iiij*^ a man by the day Amountyng to 

xxiij' iiij** 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
bourde & vitayle of the seid ij personnes ych of 
theym at xij*^ ob by the weke amountyng in all for 
the seid vj wekes within the tyme of this acompte 
to xij' vj*^ 



d 



THE SWEEPSTAKE 297 

Somme of allmaner of provisions of Stuff Costes 
& Expencez of makyng the Swepestake aforesayd 

Ixxv" iiij= ij"^ ob 

Provision & Empcon of Takle %l Apparell 
for the Swepestake 

The Mayne Mast with thapparell. Also 
the sayd Robert Brygandyn hath payed to Harvy 
Haward for the Mayne mast of the seid Ship — iiij" 
And To Thomas Harres of Hammell for the parell 
for the seid maste with xvj poUyes that seruyth for 
takles price x' So by hym bought to the vse of the 
seid Ship within the tyme of this Acompte . iiij" x' 

Canuas. Also payed to John Beddeford of 
Pole for xxvj boltes Canvas price of every bolte x^ 
So of hym bought to the vse of the seid Shipp within 
tyme of this Acompte ..... xiij" 

Sayle twyne Marlyne & Sayle Nedylles. 
Also payed for a quarteron weight Sayle Twyne — 
viij^ iiij"* And for xlij lb weight marelyne price 
after the Rate of x= for an c weight — iij^ ix'^ And 
for c di Sayle Nedylles price the c xij'' — xviij"* And 
for c j quarteron Radelyne price the c xj' — xiij^ ix** • 
So by hym bought to the vse & Behoffe of the seid 
Ship within the tyme of this Acompte . xxvij^ iiij"* 

Ankers. Also the seid Robert Brygandyne 
hath payed to John Corraunt of Portesmouth for ij 
Ankers for the seid Ship within the tyme of this 
Acompte. ....... xl^ 

Cables Cablettes Hawsers Tyes and othere 
Cordage. Also the seid Robert Brygandyn hath 
payed to diuerse personnes for certeyn Cables 
Cabelettes Hausers Tyes and other Cordage 
bought to the behoff of the seid Ship That is to 
say ffyrste to William Borell of Portesmouth for j 
Cabelett with other certeyn cordage of Normandye 



298 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

makyng weyng d j quarteron price the c weight xj^ — 
Ivij^ ix*^ Also for a New Cable bought at Lyne 
weing Dix lb price the c — ix^ — xlv'' viij'' ob Also for 
an other Cable weyng cccc di vij lb price the c — ix' 
— xlj^ ob q^ Also for a Tye of iiij Strondes bought 
at Lynne weyng di c xiiij lb price after the Rate of 
ix= the c weight — v^ vij^ ob Also for x hawsers 
bought at Lynne ij of theym weyng cc weight — 
xviij^ iiij other weyng cc weight— xviij^ & other iiij 
weyng ccc iij quarterons xiiij lb — xxxiiij^ x"^ ob 
Also for vij peces of Smayle Ropes weyng c j 
quarteron xiiij lb — xij^ iiij'' ob v other peces Smale 
Ropes weyng ccxij lb — xviij^ xj"* ob q"^ iiij other peces 
smayle Ropes weyng iij quarterons — xv^ ix'^ And 
iiij other peces Smale Ropes weyng c j quarteron — 
xj^ iij'' Whuch hawsers and Smale cordage conteyn 
in weight m'cccc j quarteron xij lb price of euery 
c weight ix^ Amountyng to — vj" ix^ ij"* ob q"^ So 
by hym bought to the behoff of the seid Ship within 
the tyme of this Acompte . xiij" xix^ iiij'' ob 

Ores. Also the seid Robert Brygandyne hath 
payed To Philipp Rychardes oon of the Custumers 
of Southampton for Ix long ores price the pece ij^ 
So of hym bought for theuse of the seid Ship within 
the tyme of this Acompte . . . ■ vj" 

Skopperlethers & Skoppernayles. Also the 
seid Robert Brygandyne hath payed for vj Skopper- 
lethers price the pece vj'' — iij^&for cccc Skoppernayle 
price the c iiij^ — xvj'' So by hym bought spent & 
Annexed to the vse & behoff of the seid Ship within 
the tyme of this Acompte . . . iiij' iiij 

A Pompe. Also payed in lykewyse for a pompe 
iij^ viij"* And a pompe lether for the same iij'' So 
by the seid Robert Brygandyn bought To the 
Behoff of the seid Ship within the Tyme of this 
Acompte iij' xj* 



d 



THE SWEEPSTAKE 299 

Makyng of the Sayles. Also the seyd 
Robert Brygandyne hath payed vnto John Stedeham 
of Portesmouth for the Sowyng & makyng of the 
sayles of the seid Ship By covenaunt in Crete 

xxvj' viij'' 

Tarre for Tarryng of Cables and other 
cordage. Also payed in lykewyse for iij barelles 
of Tarre price the barell iiij' viij"^. So by hym 
bought of William Alenson of Hampton & spent 
abought Tarryng of Cables & other cordage of the 
seid Ship & of the marie fortune within the tyme of 
this Acompte ...... xiiij'' 

Hyre of Botys. Also payed to John ffauser of 
Portesmouth for the hyre of his Bote at ij Soundrie 
Tymes for to carye Suche thynges as was Neces- 
sarie for the edyfying & makyng of the seid Barke 
takyng for euery tyme xx*^ by couenaunt with hyme 
so made within the tyme of this Acompte . iij' iiij^ 

Wages %L Vitayle. Also the seid Robert 
Brygandyne hath payed for the wages & vitayle of 
Richard Stalworth Keper of the seid Barke frome 
the xiiij"" day of October in the xiij* yere ^ of our 
Soueraigne lord Kyng Henry the vij"" vnto the xvij* 
day of January next ensuyng ^ that is to say by the 
space of xiij wekes & v dayes takyng by the weke 
for his wages xij*^ & for his vitayle xiiij"* amountyng 
in all for the seid xiij wekes & v dayes within the 
tyme of this Acompte to . . . . xxx^ 

Somme of the provisions & empcons of takle & 
Apparell for the Swepestake aforesaid 

xliiij" xviij^ xj"* ob 

Somme Totall of allmaner Costes charges & 
Expenses concernyng the makyng with takelyng & 
apparellyng the Kynges Bark called the Swepestake 
aforesaid cxx" iij' ij* 

1 1497. "^ 1498- 



300 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Thaccompte of Stuff takle and Apparell 
ordinance Artillarie And Abillamentes of 
Warre apperteynyng To the Swepestake 
aforesaid. 

Here ensuyth thaccompte Aswell of Almaner 
Stuff takle and Apparell ordinancez Artillaries & 
Abillamentes of warre by the seid Robert Brygandyne 
for the use & behoff of the seid Ship Receyved at 
the Kynges Storehouse of the dokke at Portesmouth 
or otherwyse by vertue of hys office As of almaner 
of Stuff takle & Apparell with other Necessaries by 
hym bought & provided to & for the behoff of the 
seid Shippe with almaner of deliverances employ- 
mentes perusynges losse & wast of the Stuff takle 
Store & other the premisses within the tyme of this 
Acompte As here after ensuyth That is to Say 

ffyrst the seid Shyp with certeyn Stuff takle & 
Apparell Receyved out of the Kynges Storehouse 
at the dokke at Portesmouth for the vse & Behoff 
of the seid Ship & Bote within the tyme of This 
Acompte 



lyche hokes of yron 

loff hokes of yron . 

Hokes of yron to ffyshe Ankers 

parell to the foresayle . 

polyes bounde with yron for the mayne 

Tyes .... 

ores for the Bote of the seid Ship 
Ketylles of Brasse 
lanters ^ 
Mayne yerdes 
fore yerdes . 
sprete yerdes 
Toppe yerdes 

' Lanterns. 



J 
J 
J 
J 

j 
vij 

j 

U 

j 

j 

j 

j 



THE SWEEPSTAKE 



301 



Boneaventure yerdes . . . j 

Devettes for the Shipys Bote . . j 

Chaynes of yron for the Shrowdes . xviij 

Dedemenyen ..... xxxvj 

Toppe mastes . . . . . j 

foremastes . . . . . . j 

Bowsprettes ...... j 

Boneaventure mastes . . . . j 

Apparell to the same . . . . j 

owte lyggers at the Sterne . . . j 

Stuff takle & Apparell with other Necessaries 

bought To & for the vse of the seid Ship within the 
tyme of this Acompte 



Mayne Mastes 

Mayne Parell 

poleys . 

Canvas 

Sayle Nedylles 

Sayle Twyne 

Marelyne 

Ankers 

Radelyne 



J 

j 
xvj 

xxvj boltes 

c di 

j quarteron weight 

xlij lb weight 

■ y 

c j quarteron weight 



j Cabelettes with certeyn cordage of 

Normandye makyng weyng . d j quarteron 

Smale Ropes weyng c j quarteron xiiij 
lb — vij of ccxij lb weight — v of c iij 
quarterons weight — iiij of c j quar- 
teron weight — iiij in all . 

Cables of dIx lb weight — j of cccc di 
vij lb weight — ^j of iiij Strondes 
weyng di c xiiij lb — j in all 

Hawsers of cc weight — ij of cc weight 
— iiij of ccc iij quarterons weight — iiij 
in all 

plompes 

long ores ...... 



XX 



"J 



J 

Ix 



302 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Takle & apparell wrought & made of the 
Kynges Stuff for the seid Ship within the 
tyme of this Acompte. 

Mayne Shrowdes ..... xviij 

Hallyers for the same .... xviij 

pollankers ...... ij 

Tyes for the Mayne sayle . . . ij 

Hallyers for the same 

Garnettes 

Mayne Lyftes 

Mayne Bowlynes . 

loff takkes to the same 

Shuttes to the same 

yerde Ropes to the same 

Trusses for the mayne sayle 

Ropes to fifysshe Ankers 

Ropes for Lyche hokes 

Ropes for Loff hokes . 

Drynges 

Stayes for the Toppe meste 

Shrowdes to the Toppe meste . . viij 

Tyes to the toppe sayle 

Hallyers to the same . 

Bowelynes to the same 

yerde ropes to the same 

Shuttes to the same 

Stayes for the foremaste 

Shrowdes to the foremaste . . . viij 

Tyes to the foresayle . 

Hallyers to the same . 

lyftes for the same 

Bowlynes for the same . 

Takkes to the foresayle 

Shuttes for the foresayle 

yerde Ropes to the same 

Stayes to the mayne maste 



THE SWEEPSTAKE 



303 



Tyes for the Sprette Sayle 
yerde Ropes for the same . 
Shuttes for the same . 
Boye ropes 
Warpyng Cablettes . 
Shrowdes to the Boneaventure maste 
Tyes to the Boneaventure Sayle 
Hallyers to the same 
Shuttes to the same . 
Trusses to the same . 
Mayne Sayles . 
Bonettes to the same 
fore sayles 
Bonettes to the same 
Sprette Sayles . 
Boneaventure sayles . 
Toppe sayles . 

Bolte ropes for Garneshyng the sayles 
Belongyng to the seid Ship 



J 

y 

U 

U 

J 
uij 

J 
J 
j 
j 
j 

j 
j 
j 
j 
j 

XX 



Ordenaunce artillaries & abillamentes of 
Warre Receyved of Syr Robert Clyfford 
Maister of the Kynges ordinaunce for the 



Bowes 


ObXU 


vJlll^ 


• 




XXX 


Strynges . 
Arows 










iiij dossen 
Ix sheffes 


Bylles 

Gonne powdre 
lede . 










XXV 

di barell 
di c weight 


Dyce of yron . 

Speres 

Tampyons 










xlvj lb 

XV 

ccc shotte 



As in the Accompte of the ordinaunce in thend 
of this Boke more playnely Apperith. 



304 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Somme Totall of the Stuff Takle & Apparell 
ordinance Artillaries & Abillamentes of 
Warre with other Soundrie Necessaries 
As foresayd. 



Mayne mastes 

Mayne Stayes 

Mayne Shrowdes . 

Chaynes of yron to the same 

Dedemenyen 

Hallyers for the Mayne Shrowdes 

pollankers .... 

Tyes for the Mayne sayle 

Hallyers to the same . 

Garnettes .... 

Mayne lyftes 

Mayne Bowlynes . 

loff takkes to the same . 

Shuttes to the same 

yerde Ropes to the same 

Trusses to the same 

Drynges .... 

Lyche Hokes of yron . 

Ropes to the same 

loffe hokes of yron 

Ropes to the same 

Hokes of yron for to fysshe ankers 

Ropes to the same 

pollyes bound with yron for the mayne 

Tyes .... 

mayne yerdes 
parell to the same 
Mayne Sayles 
Bonettes to the same . 
Toppes for the Mayne Maste 
Toppe mastes 
yerdes to the same 



J 

J 
xviij 

xviij 

xxxvj 

xviij 



THE SWEEPSTAKE 



305 



Sayles to the same 

Stayes for the Toppe maste 

Shrowdes to the same . 

Tyes to the Toppe Sayle 

Hallyers to the same . 

Bowlynes to the same . 

yerde Ropes for the same 

Shuttes for the same 

fore mastes . 

Stayes to the same 

Shrowdes to the same . 

Tyes for the foresayle . 

Hayllyers to the same . 

lyftes to the same . 

Bowlynes to the same . 

loff takkes to the same . 

Shuttes to the foresayle 

yerde Ropes to the same 

foreyerdes 

fore sayles . 

Bonettes to the same 

parell for the foresayle 

warpyng cables 

Bowsperettes 

yerdes to the same 

Sayles to the same 

Tyes to the Sprett Sayle 

yerde Ropes for the same 

Shuttes for the same 

Boye Ropes . 

Boneaventure mastes 

yerdes to the same 

Sayles to the same 

Shrowdes to the Boneaventure maste 

Tyes for the Boneaventure sayle 

Hallyers to the same . 

Shuttes for the same . 



vuj 



viij 



uij 



3o6 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Trusses for the same . 

owtelyggers at the Sterne 

parell to the Boneaventure Sayle . 

plompes for the same Ship . 

poleys belongyng to the seid Ship 

long ores belongyng to the seid Ship 

Botes to the seyd Ship . 

Devettes to the same Bote . 

ores to the same bote 

Ketylles of Brasse 

Lanternes 

Canvas 



Sayle Nedelles 
Sayle Twyne 
Marlyne 
Raddelyne . 
Ankers 



J 
J 
J 

J 

xvj 

Ix 

• j 

• j 

• vij 

• j 

. xxvj boltes 
. c di 
j quarteron weight 
. xlij lb 
c j quarteron 



. ij 

Bolte ropes for Garnyshyng of the Ships 
sayles ...... xx 

A Cablette with certeyn cordage of 

Normandye makyng weyng . d j quarteron 
Smale Ropes weyng c j quarteron xiiij lb 
— vij of ijc xij lb weight — v of c 
iij quarterons weight — iiij of c j 
quarteron — iiij in all . . . xx 
Cables of d ix lb weight — j of cccc di 
vij lb weight — j of iiij Strondes & of 
di c xiiij lb weight — j in all . . iij 
Hawsers of cc lb weight — ij of cc lb 
weight — iiij & of ccc iij quarterons 
weight — iiij in all . . . . x 

Bowes ...... xxx 

Strynges iiij dossen 

Arowes ...... Ix sheffes 

Bylles XXV 

Gonne powdre di barell 

lede di c weight 



THE SWEEPSTAKE 307 

dyce of yron xlvj lb 

Sperys xv 

Tampyons cccshotte 

Delyuerances perusyng & otherwise de- 
menynges of the Stuff takle and apparell 
ordinance artillaries & Abillamentes of 
warre aforesayd. 

Stuff spent employed & Annexed to & for 
makyng of takle & apparell for the seid Ship 

ffyrst ther is employed Annexed & spent thes 
parcelles of Stuff ensuyng in Newmakyng of takle & 
apperell for the vse & behoff of the seid Ship that is 
to say j Cablette with certeyn cordage of Normandye 
makyng weyng d j quarteron spent & employed 
abought makyng of j warpyng Cablette A Tye for 
the sprette sayle ij yerde Ropes for the sprette Sayle 
ij Shuttes for the same & viij Shrowdes for the 
fore[sayle] maste Also xx Smale Ropes weyng dc 
di employed for the makyng of j Staye for the fore- 
maste jTye for the foresayle jHallyer to the same 
ij lyftes for the foresayle ij Bowelynes for the same 
ij loffe Takkes for the same ij Shuttes for the same 
ij yerde Ropes for the same j Staye for the Toppe 
maste viij Shrowdes for the Toppe maste j Tye for 
the Toppe sayle j hallyere for the same ij bowlynes 
for the same ij yerde Ropes for the same ij Shuttes 
for the same j Tye for the Boneaventure sayle j 
hallyere to the same j Shutte to the same j Trusse 
to the Boneaventure sayle iiij Shrowdes for the 
Boneaventure maste And xviij Hallyers for the 
mayne Shrowdes Also x hawsers of dcc iij 
quarterons weight employede for the makyng of j 
mayne Staye xviij mayne Shrowdes ij pollankers j 
hallyere for the mayne sayle j Garnette ij mayne 
liftes ij mayne Bowlynes ij loffe Takkes for the 
mayne Sayle ij mayne shuttes ij ijiayne yerde Ropes 

X 2 



3o8 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



j mayne Trusse j Dryng for the mayne sayle j Rope 
for leche hokes j Rope for loff hokes j Rope for the 
hoke to ffyshe Ankers with ij Boye Ropes & xx 
Bolte ropes for Garnyshyng of all the sayles of the 
said Ship Also ther is spent and employed abought 
the makyng of more Takle & Apparell for the vse 
& behoff of the seid Ship that is to say j Cable of iiij 
Strondes & of di c xiiij lb weight for the makyng 
of ij Tyes for the mayne sayle Also xxvj boltes 
Canvas xlij lb weight marlyne j quarteron weight 
Sayle Twyne c di Sayle Nedylles occupyed spent 
broken & wasted abought the makyng of the sayles 
belongyng To the seid Ship that is to say the mayne 
sayle and ij bonettes for the same the foresayle and 
j bonette to the same the Sprette Sayle the Toppe 
Sayle and Boneaventure Sayle Also xx bolte Ropes 
spent employed & annexed To & for the Garnyshyng 
of the foresayd Sayles Also c j quarteron weight 
Radelyne occupyed & spent for the Radelyng of 
the Shrowdes belongyng to the seid Ship within the 
tyme of this Acompte 

'A Cablette with certeyn cordage of 

Normandye makyng weyn'g . d j quarteron 

Smale Ropes weyng dc di . 

Hawsers weyng Dec iij quarterons . j 

Cables of iiij Strondes weyng di c xiiij 

y lb j 

^^ Canvas 



XX 



Marlyne . 
Sayle twyne 
Sayle Nedyll 
Bolte Ropes 
^Radelyne . 



. xxvj boltes 
. xlij lb 
j quarteron weight 
c di 



XX 



c j quarteron 



Stuff takle and apparell with other Necessaries 
perused loste Broken & wasted 

' Abstract of material used for the preceding tackle and sails. 



THE SWEEPSTAKE 



309 



Also ther is spent perused broken loste & wasted 
To & for the deffence and Sauff Kepyng of the 
seid Ship Aswell Beyng in the Kynges warres in hys 
noble Armye upon the See in the Costes of Skotte- 
lande ayenste hys auncyent Enemies & Rebelles 
the Scottes as Restyng in Sundrye havyns & places 
within this Realme thies percelles of Stuff takle 
apperell & other abillamentes of warre here aftyr 
ensuyng within the tyme of this Acompte That is 
to Say 

long ores for the seid Ship . . . viij 



Shorte ores for the Botes 






"J .... 


Bowes . 

Strynges 

Arowes 










xxiiij 
iij doss di 
XXV sheffes 


Bylles . 

Sperys . 

Gonne poudre 

lede 

Dyce of yron 

Tampyons . 










xvij 

xj 

di barell 
di c weight 
xlvj lb 
. ccc shotte 



And So Remaneth the Seid Ship in the 
Kynges Ryvere of thammes before Seynt 
Katerines the laste day of this Acompte 
with the Stuff takle & apparell ordinance 
Artillaries and Abillamentes of warre 
vndrewrytyn that is to Say 

Mayne mastes j 

Mayne Stayes feble . . . . j 

Mayne Shrowdes feble .... xviij 

hallyers for the same feble . . • xviij 

Chaynes of yron for the Shrowdes . xviij 

dedemenyen xxxvj 

pollankers feble ij 

Tyes for the mayne sayle ffeble . . ij 



3IO 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Hallyers for the same ffeble 

Garnettes ffeble . 

Mayne Liftes ffeble 

Mayne Bowelynes 

loffe takkes ffeble 

Shuttes ffeble 

yerde Ropes ffeble 

Trusses ffeble 

Drynges ffeble 

lyche hokes of yron 

Ropes to the same ffeble 

loffe hokes of yron 

Ropes to the same feble 

Hokes for ffyssyng of Ankers 

Ropes to the same ffeble 

polyes bounde with yron for the 

Tyes .... 

Mayne yerdes 
parell to the same 
Mayne Sayles feble 
Bonnettes to the same ffeble 
Toppes apon the mayne maste 
Toppe mastes 

Shrowdes to the same ffeble . 
Sayles ffeble 
Stayes ffeble 
Tyes ffeble . 

Hallyers to the same ffeble 
Bowelynes ffeble . 
yerde Ropes ffeble 
Shuttes ffeble 
fore mastes . 
Stayes for the same ffeble 
Shrowdes ffeble . 
Tyes for the foresayle . 
Hallyers to the same ffeble 
Lyftes ffeble 



mayne 



J 
J 
J 
J 
U 
j 

j 

viij 



vuj 

j 
j 



THE SWEEPSTAKE 



311 



Bowelynes ffeble . 

Takkes ffeble 

Shuttes ffeble 

yerde Ropes ffeble 

fore yerds 

fore Sayles feble . 

Bonettes to the same 

parell for the foresayle 

Bowsprettes . 

Yerdes to the same 

Sayles ffeble 

Tyes ffeble . 

yerde Ropes ffeble 

Shuttes ffeble 

Boye Ropes ffeble 

Boneaventure mastes 

yerdes to the same 

Shrowdes ffeble . 

Sayles ffeble 

Tyes ffeble . 

Hallyers ffeble 

Shuttes ffeble 

Trusses ffeble 

owtelyggers at the Sterne 

parelles 

plompes for the seid Ship 

Warpyng cablettes worne & ffeble 

Cables of D ix lb weight worne & ffeble 

] & of cccc di vij lb weight — ^j in 

all . . . .. 
Ankers to the seid Ship . • • 
polyes belongyng to the takle of the seid 

Ship . • • • 

long ores for the seid Ship . 
Botes to the seid Ship . . • • 
Devettes to the same . . • • 
ores to the seid bote . . • • 



ij 
ij 

iJ 

J 

J 

J 

j 

j 

j 

j 

j 

j 

U 

j 

j 

iiij 

j 
j 
j 
j 
j 
j 
J 
j 
j 



U 
U 

xvj 

j 

j 

iaj 



312 NA VAL 


ACCOUNTS 


Ketylles of Bmsse 
lanternes 


■ J 
. ij 


Bowes . 


. vj 


Strynges 
Arowes 


. vj 

XXXV sheffes 


Bylles . 
Sperys . 


. viij 



The Kynges Newe Bark called the Marie 
ffortune. 

Here ensue certeyn paymentes Costes and 
Charges By the Seyd Robert Brygandyn 
made hadde & Susteyned for & abought 
the edyfying & Newe makyng of our 
Soveraigne lorde the Kynges Newe 
Barke called the MEirie ffortune with 
prouision of Stuff takle & Apparell for 
the Ryggyng and apparelyng of the same 
within the tyme of this Acompte As here 
after ensuyth That is to Say 

Costes & prouision of Stuff for the makyng of 
the Kynges Newe Bark called the Marie fortune 

The Keele with the ij Stemes. ffyrste the 
seid Robert Brygandyn hath payed to 
Stonegre of Rye for the Kele with the ij Stemes 
Belongyng to the same & for certeyn tymebre for 
the Rother of the seid Ship by hym bought & 
prouided for the Begfynnyng of the seid Ship within 
the tyme of this Acompte .... viij^ v* 

Tymbre & Cloffeborde. Also the seid Robert 
Brygandyne hath payed to diuerse & Soundrye per- 
sonnes for Tymbre of theym bought for the edifying 
& makyng of the seid Ship that is to say fifyrst to the 
seid Stongre of Rye for xx*" Tone Tymbre price 

the Tone iij^ iiij** — ^Ixvj^ viij^ Also to Pers Andrewe 
for iij Tone tymbre price the Tone iij^ iiij"* — ^x^ Also 
to laurence Phillipp for certeyn Scarffe Tymbre price 



THE MARY FORTUNE 313 

— viij^ vj'' Also for certeyn longe tymbre for wales 
of the seid ship price xv' xj^ for m' di Trenayles 
pryce— ix" vj"* Also to William Davy for ij lode of 
Trenayle wode price ij^ To William 'Mosden for ij 
lode of Shores price ij' To Pers Andrew for c di 
Cloffe horde price xxxiiij' ij"* c clofifeborde price xxij' 
And for cccc Cloffeborde price the c xxvj' viij'' — 
cvj' viij'' So by hym bought and provided spent 
occupied & employed abought the edifying and 
makyng of the seyd Ship within the tyme of this 
Acbmpte xiij" xvij' v'^ 

Cariage of Tymbre. Also the seid Robert 
Brygandyn hath payed to diuerse & Soundrie per- 
sonnes for the Cariage of the foresaid tymbre & 
cloffeborde bothe by watyr & by lande That is to 
say ToJohnPelland Rychard Byrcheleyof Bewelew' 
& dyverse other by couvenaunt with theym made 
in Grete within the tyme of this Acompte xlv° ij"* 

Saweborde Tymbre & Cloffborde. Also 
the seid Robert Brygandyne hath payed for ccc ffote 
sawborde price the c ij* viij^ — viij* Also ij peces 
of tymbre for the halse of the seyd Ship price xx** 
And for certeyn cloffeborde & Raylles for the seyd 
ship price — ij* ij"^ So by hym bought And upon 
makyng & Ryggyng of the seid Ship spent within 
the tyme of this Acompte . . . . xj* x"^ 

Sawyng of Tymbre. Also the seyd Robert 
Brygandyne hath payed to John Arter of Crame- 
broke ^ Sawyer for the Sawyng of m'm'm'd fote 
Tymbre pryce of euery c sawyng xij"* by conve- 
naunt with hym so made within the tyme of this 
Acompte xxxv= 

Yron worke Roffe nayle & clynche. Also 
payed in lykewyse to dyuerse & Soundrye personnes 



• Beaulieu, Hampshire. 

2 Cranbrook, Kent, not far from Smalhithe. 



d 



314 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

for certeyn yron worke Rouff nayle & Clynche for 
the makyng of the seyd Ship That is to say To 
Thomas Almound Smyth for dccc Roff & nayle 
price the c — iij^ iiij^ — xxvj^ viij'* ; Also for c di Sharp 
nayle price iij^ iiij"* ; dcccc Roff & nayle price the c 
iij^ — xxvij^ ; c Sharpnayle price iij^ ; d Roff & 
clynche price the c — ij^ viij"* — xiij^ iiij"* ; ccc Roff 
& nayle price the c — ij^ iiij"* — vij^ ; cccc Roff & 
nayle price c xx"^ — vj^ viij"* ; c di Sharpnayle price — 
iij^ ; cccc Roff & nayle price the c xx"^ — vj^ viij** ; m' 
Roff &. nayle price the c ij^ — xx^ ; m'c di Roff and 
nayle price the c ij' iiij"* — ^xxvj^ x** ; for di c iiij peny 
nayle price ij"* ; for nayles of diuerse Sortes price in 
grete — iij^ iiij"^ ; & for yron worke to the Rother & 
bondes of yron for the Capstene — iij^ iiij"^ ; Also to 
Stephyn Hamound Smyth for c di Sharpe nayle 
price — iij^ ; also d Roff & nayle price the c xx^ — 
viij^ iiij'' ; & for cariage of them from Rye to 
Smalehed iij"* ; ccc Roff & nayle price c ij^ iiij'^ — 
vij^ ; c Roffe & nayle price xx"* ; ccc Roffe & nayle 
price the c — ij^ iiij** — vij' ; for Smale nayles of diuerse 
sortes price iij^ iiij"* ; Also c nayles at vj'^ the c And 
cc at iiij* the c — xiiij"* ; ccc Roffe & nayle price the 
c — xx'^ — v'' ; D Roff & nayle price the c ij* — x^ ; & 
for ccc Roff & nayle price the c ij^ iiij"* — vij^ ; So by 
hym bought & spent abought makyng of the seid 
Barke within the tyme of this Acompte . x" iiij^ j"* 

Pytche tarre okome and Talowgh. Also 
payed By the seid Robert Brygandyn for v barell 
pytche price the barell v" iiij'^ — xxvj^ viij'^ And for 
vj barell Tarre pryce the barell iiij^ — xxiiij^ di c okome 
price ijs Also for certeyn Talowgh for talowyng of 
the seid Ship price in grete — xx^ So by hym bought 
& spent apon the edifying & makyng of the seid Ship 
within the tyme of this Acompte . . Ixxij' viij"* 

Boltes & nayles of yron. Also payed to 
William Atwyke for certeyn yron worke for the 



THE MARY FORTUNE 315 

seyd Ship pryce — iiij' vj^ ; Also a bolte of yron for 
the Sterne of the seyd Ship weyng vij lb price x^ ob ; 
Also for DC nayles price c vj'^ — iij^ ; m' nayles at iiij"* 
the c — iij' iiij"^ ; dc nayles at iij"^ the c — xviij"* ; And 
for DC nayles price the c iiij"^ — ij= ; So by hym bought 
and spent apon the seid Ship within the tyme of this 
Acompte xvMj'' ob 

Wages of Shipwrightes. Also the seid 
Robert Brygandyne hath payed for the wages of 
viij Shipwryghtes laboryng & workyng abought the 
edifying makyng & Ryggyng of the seid Bark called 
the marie fifortune from the xj* day of the Moneth 
of ffebruarye the xij* yere ^ of our Souerayne lorde 
Kyng Henry the vij"" vnto the xxvj* day of the 
seid Moneth next ensying by the space of ij wekes 
within whuch tyme the seid Shipwryghtes labored 
& wrought by the space of xj dayes oon of theym 
at vij* by the day vj^ v"^ iiij of theym at vj"* by the 
day xxij^ ij of theym at iiij** a man by the day 
vij' iiij** & an other at ij* by the day xxij* amountyng 
in all for the seid xj dayes within the tyme of this 
Accompte To xxxvij' vij* 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for Bourde 
& Vitayle of the seid viij personnes by the seid 
ij wekes euery man takyng xiij* by the weke 
amountyng to xvij^ iiij* 

Yet Wages of Shipwrightes. Also payed in 
lykewyse for the wages of x Shippwryghtes laboryng 
& workyng abought the makyng & Ryggyng of the 
seid Berke frome the xxvj* day of ffebruery the seid 
xij* yere vnto the v* day of the Moneth of Marche 
next ensuyng by the space of oon weke within whuch 
tyme the seyd x personnes labored & wrought by 
the space of vj dayes oon of theym at vij* by the day 
\xf yj* V of theym at vj* a pece by the day xv= oon 
of theym at v* by the day ij= vj* ij of theym at iiij* 

1 1497. 



d 



d 



316 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

a man by the day iiij^ & oon of theym at ij^ by the 
day xij'^ amountyng in all for the seid vj dayes to 

xxvj* 

Vitayle. Also payed for the Bouurde & Vitayle 
of the seid x personnes By the space of the seid 
weke euery man takyng xiij"^ by the weke amountyng 
within the tyme of this Accompte to . . x^ x^ 

Yet Wages of Shipwrigntes. Also payed in 
lykewyse for thewages of xvij Shipwryghtes laboryng 
& workyng abought the makyng of the seid Barke 
ffrome the v* day of Marche the seid xij* yere vnto 
the xxvj* day of the same Moneth next ensuyng by 
the space of iij wekes within whuch tyme the seid xvij 
personnes labored & wrought the ffyrst ij wekes by 
the space of xij dayes & the iij**' weke by the space 
of iiij dayes oon of theym at vij"* by the day x^ iiij 
vij of theym at vj'' by the day a man Ivj^ oon of 
theym at v"* by the day vj^ viij"* iij of theym at iiij** 
a man by the day — xvj^ oon of theym at ij'^ by the 
day ij^ viij** & iiij of theym at j'^ ob a man by the day 
— viij'' whuch amounteth in all for the seid xvj dayes 
within the tyme of this Acompte to iiij'' xviij^ viij"* 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bouurde & Vitayle of the seid xvij personnes by the 
seid iij wekes euery of theym takyng xiij^ by the 
weke whuch amounteth to the somme of . Iv" iij^ 

Yet wages of Shipwrightes. Also payed 
by the seid Robert Brygandyne for the wages of 
XV Shipwryghtes laboryng & workyng about the 
makyng of the seid Barke frome the xxvj day of 
Marche the seid xij* yere of Kyng Henry the vij* 
vnto the ix* day of Apryll next ensuyng by the space 
of ij wekes within whuch tyme the seid xv personnes 
labored & wrought by the space of ix dayes That 
is to sey the ffyrst weke by iij dayes oon of theym 
at vij"* by the day — xxj"* vij of theym at vj"* apece by 
the day — x^ vj"* oon of theym at v'' by the day 



THE MARY FORTUNE 317 

— xv^ ij at iiij"^ — ij" another at ij'^ — vj"* And iij at j"* 
ob — xiij"^ ob amountyng for the seid iij dayes to 
xvij' j"* ob And the other weke by vj dayes oon 
of theym at vij"^ by the day — iij' vj"* vij of theym 
at vj"^ apece by the day — xxj' oon at v"* — ij' vj"* 
oon at iiij^ — ij' another at ij"* — xij*^ & iiij at j"* ob 
apece by the day iij' amountyng for the seyd vj dayes 
to xxxiij' in all for the seid ix dayes amounteth to 
the Somme of P j"* ob 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bourde & Vitayle of the seyd xv personnes for the 
seid ij wekes euery of theym takyng at the Rate of 
xiij"* by the weke amountyng to . . xxxij' vj"* 

Yet Wages of Shipwryghtes. Also payed 
in lykewyse for the wages of xvj Shipwrightes 
laboryng & workyng Apon makyng of the seid 
Barke from the ix"" day of Apryll the seyd xij"" yere 
vnto the xxiij'' day of the same Moneth that is to 
say by the space of ij wekes within whuch tyme the 
seid xyj personnes labored & wrought by the space 
of xij dayes oon of theym at vij** by the day vij' vij 
of theym at vj"* by the day xlij^ ij of theym at v"* 
apece by the day x' oon of theym at iiij** by the 
day iiij' Another at ij"^ — ij' & iiij at j^ ob a man by 
the day iiij' vj** Amountyng in all for the seid xij 
dayes to . , Ixxj' 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bourde & Vitayle of the seid xvj personnes by the 
seid ij wekes euery man takyng xiij"^ by the weke 
Amountyng to xxxiiij' viij"* 

Yet Wages of Shipwrightes. Also payed 
ffor the wages of xiiij Shipwrightes laboryng & 
workyng abought the makyng of the seid Barke 
from the xxiij" day of Apryll the seid xij* yere vnto 
the xxx" day of the same Moneth next ensuyng by 
the space of oon weke within whuch tyme the seid 
xiiij personnes labored & wrought by the space of 



3i8 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

V dayes oon of theym at vij'' by the day ij' xj"* vj of 
theym at vj^ a man by the day xv^ ij of theym at v'' 
a man by the day iiij^ ij"^ on at iiij"^ xx"* An other 
at ij'' by the day x"* And iij at j"* ob a man by the 
day xxij^ ob Amountyng in all for the said tyme 
to the sommme of ... . xxvj= v"* ob 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewise for the 
Bourde & Vitayle of the seid xiiij personnes by the 
seid weke euery man takyng xiij** by the weke 
amountyng to ..... . xv^ ij^ 

Yet Wages of Shipwryghtes Also payed in 
lykewyse for the wages of xiij Shipwryghtes laboryng 
& workyng abought makyng the seid Barke frome the 
lest day of Apryll the seid xij* yere vnto the xiiij"" 
day of May next ensuyng by the space of ij wekes 
within whuch tyme the seid xiij personnes labored 
& wrought by the space of ix dayes oon of theym 
at vij"* by the day v^ iij** vj other at vj"* a man by 
the day xxvij^ oon at v'^ iij^ ix"* another at iiij"* by 
the day iij^ oon at ij"* — xviij"* iij at j^ ob by the day 
a man iij^ iiij^ ob amountyng in all to xliij^ x** ob 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bourde & Vitayle of the seid xiij personnes for the 
forsayd ij wekes euery of theym tekyng after the 
Rate of xiij"* by the weke amountyng to . xxviij^ ij'^ 

Yet Wages of Shipwrightes. Also payed in 
lykewyse for the wages of x Shipvryghtes laboryng 
& workyng abought the makyng of the seid 
Bark ffrom the xiiij''' day of the Moneth of May in 
the foresayd xij"" yere vnto the xxj"" day of the seid 
Moheth that is to say by the space of oon weke 
within whuch tyme the seid x Shippewryghtes 
labored & wrought by the space of iiij dayes oon of 
theym at vij'' — ij^ iiij'' iij of theym at vj'' — vj^ oon at 
v*" — XX'' Another at iiij^ — xvj'' oon at ij'' — viij"* iij 
at j^ ob A man by the day — xviij'' whuch amounteth 
in all to xiij^ vj^ 



THE MARY FORTUNE 319 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bourde & Vitayle of the seid x personnes for the 
seid weke euery man takyng xiij'' for the wake 
amountyng to x^ x"* 

Yet wages of Shipwryghtes. Also payed 
by the seid Robert Brygandyne for the wages of vj 
Shipwryghtes laboryng & workyng abought the 
makyng of the seid Ship ffrome the xxj* day of the 
Moneth of May in the xij"" yere of our Soueraigne 
lorde Kyng Henry the vij* vnto the iiij"" day of 
June next ensuyng by the space of ij wekes within 
whuch tyme the seid vj personnes labored & wrought 
by the space of ix dayes oon of theym takyng vij"' 
— v^ iij"* another vj*^ — iiij^ vj^ the iij**' v"* by the day 
iij' ix"* the iiij* iiij"^ — iij^ the v*^ ij"* — xviij'^ the vj"" 
j"^ ob — xiij^ ob — apece by the day — amountyng in 
all to xix' j^ ob 

Vitayle. Also payed in lykewyse for the 
Bourde & Vitayle of the seid vj personnes by the 
seyd ij wekes euery of theym takyng after the Rate 
of xiij"* by the weke xiiij' 

Yet Wages of Shipwryghtes. Also the 
seid Robert Brygandyne hath payed for the wages of 
John Porfeld & his man Shipwryghtes & to William 
Moon Carpenter laboryng & workyng apon the seid 
Ship at Wynchelse by the space of xij dayes That 
is to say the sayd John Porffeld & his servaunt by 
viij dayes his selff at vj"^ — iiij' & his servaunt at j"* ob 
by the day xij"* And the seid William Moon by iiij 
dayes at v'' by the day xx'' Amountyng in all for 
the foresayd xij dayes within the tyme of this 
Accompte to vj= viij^ 

Vitayle. Also payed for the Bourde & Vitayle 
as well of the seid John Porffeld & his servaunt ij= 
by the seid viij dayes as of William Moon by the 
seid iiij dayes viij"* ych of theym takyng after the 
Rate of xij" by the weke .... ij^ viij'' 



d 



320 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

Somme of All manner of provisions of Stuff Costes 
& Expences of makyng the Marye Fortune aforesaid 

Ixiiij" iiij' ij"* ob 

The Mayne Maste. Also payed in lykewyse 
for the mayne maste that belongeth to theseid Barklx' 
with the conveyaunce of the same frome Wynchelse 
to Smalehedviij*^ By hym bought for the behoff of the 
seid Ship within the tyme of this Acompte Ix" viij 

The Mayne yerde with other mastes. Also 
payed by the seid Robert Braygandyn for the fore- 
maste & an owteleggere a Sterne for the seid Ship 
— viij^ viij** for the Bowsprete iiij^ iiij*^ the mayne 
yerd with a parell — vj^ viij'' the meson Mast & 
meson yerde with a parell — vij* the yerde to the 
foresayle with a parell & the yerde for the spret 
Sayle A toppe maste & a yerde to the same ij^ & 
for an other foremaste vj^ viij'^ So by hym bought 
within the tyme of this Acompte . xxxv* iiij'^ 

Canvas Also payed in lykewyse to Pers 
Slydyk of Bretton for viij boltes canvas price of 
euery bolte xj' viij'' — iiij" xiij^ iiij'' And to John 
Bedeford of pole for viij boltes canvas price of every 
bolte x' — iiij" So by hym bought for the behoff of 
the seid Ship within the tyme of this Acompte 

viij" xiij^ iiij'' 

Sayletwyne Raddelyne & Nedylles. Also 
payed by the seid Robert Brygandyn for xij lb sayle 
Twyne price iij' vj'' Also for c nedylles price xij"* 
for xij Smale nedylles price ij'' & forxxiij lb Raddelyne 
for the Shrowdes of the seid Ship — ij^ So by hym 
bought [and spent upon] for makyng of the seyles 
for the seyd Ship within the tyme of this Acompte 

vj^ viij"* 

Ankers. Also the seid Robert Brygandyn 
hath payed for oon Anker price xxij^ An other 
anker price xxiij' iiij'' And for the Shute Anker of 
the seid Ship pryce xxx'' So by hym bought for the 



THE MARY FORTUNE 321 

use & behoff of the seid Ship within the tyme of this 
Acompte Ixxv^ iiij"* 

Bote Ankers with other hokes & chaynes. 
Also payed in lykewyse for an Anker & an hoke 
for the Bote of the seid Ship conteynyng in weight 
xiiij lb pryce the lb j"^ ob — xxj^ And for a Chayne 
for the Botes Bow with ij loff hokes of yron weyng 
togeder xiiij lb price the lb j"^ ob — xxj"^ So by hym 
bought for the behoff of the seyd Bote within the 
tyme of this Acompte .... iij' vj"* 

Cables Cablettes Hawsers Tyes & other 
Cordage. Also payed in lykewyse to diverse 
personnes for certeyn Cables Cablettes Hawsers 
Tyes & other cordage bought to the behoff of the 
seid Ship that is to say fifyrst to William Borell of 
Portesmouth for ij Cables oon of theym weyng dc 
di & xiiij lb the other weyng Dxxviij lb price the c 
weight xj^ — vj" ix^ ix^ ob ; ij other Cables conteyn- 
yng in weight betwyxt theym dcccc lb price the c — ix^ 
— iiij" xij** ; also ij Mayne Tyes ij Mayne Shuttes 
with ij pendantes for bower tackles conteynyng in 
weight cxviij lb price in grete — ix^ vj'* ; d weight 
smale ropes price the c ix^ — xlv= ; iij peces of Ropes 
for the mayne Shrowdes weyng ccxlvj lb price the c 
ix^ — xxj^ x*^ ; the mayne Stay & ij takkes price x^ iiij"* ; 
iiij grete Craynelynes for the sayles of the seid Ship 
price iiij^ iiij"* ; iiij Smale lynes for lachetes ^ & 
Robyns ^ to the seid Ship price ij^ iiij"^ So by hym 
bought to the behoff of the seid Ship within the tyme 
of this Acompte . . . xv" iiij' j^ ob 

Spruce hordes small mastes & speres. 
Also the said Robert Brygandyne hath payed for 
vj spruce hordes iiij Smale mastes and vj speres for 
warre by hym bought for the behoff of the seid Ship 
and Spent apon amendyng of the seid Ship in the 

' Latches or Laskets securing the bonnets to the courses. 
2 Robands or Robbens, bands for a ro or ra, a yard. 

Y 



322 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

forecastell within the tyme of this Acompte price in 
grete vj^ viij'' 

Skoperlethers & Skopernayles. Also the 
said Robert Brygandyne hath payed for ix Skopper- 
lethers ^ pryce — iij^ & for D skoppernayles price the 
c iiij** — xx"^ So by hym bought to the behoff of the 
seid Ship And spent apon the same within the tyme 
of this Acompte . . . . . iiij' viij** 

A pompe. Also payed in lykewyse for a pompe 
to the seid Ship — iij^ & for a Clampte iiij^ & a pompe 
lether — iiij'' belongyng to the same by hyme bought 
& annexed [& spent] to the use of the seid Ship 
within the tyme of this Acompte . . iij^ iiij"* 

Ores. Also the seid Robert Brygandyne hath 
payed to Adryan Lokyer Berebruer of Hampton 
for XXX long ores price the pece xviij** — xlv^ And for 
cariage of the same frome Hampton to Portesmouth 
ij^ iiij"* — xlvij^ iiij^ Also for 1 long ores whuch were 
bought at Depe pryce the pece xij** — 1^ & for ix ores 
for the bote of the seid Ship price in grete vj^ So 
by hym bought to the behofif of the seid Ship within 
the tyme of this Acompt .... ciij^ iiij** 

Soundyng ledes with lynes. Also the seid 
Robert Brygandyne hath payed for ij Soundyng 
ledis pryce the pece xij** — ij^ And for iij Soundyng 
lynes to the same ij of theym at ix** apece xviij"* & 
oon at viij^ — ij" ij'' So by hym bought to the behoff 
of the seid Ship within the tyme of this Acompte ^ 

iiij^ ij"* 

Chaynes Boltes Garlandes & other Neces- 
saryes of yron. Also payed in lykewyse to William 
Almounde for xiiij chaynes whuch be fastened 

1 Round leathers nailed over scupper holes {Nomenclator 
Navalis). 

^ By 1514, if not at this date, the usual length of a sounding 
line was 40 fathoms, e.g. 'j soundyng lede of xl fadomes,' — stores 
of Mary Rose. 



THE MARY FORTUNE 323 

with boltes of yron to the sydes of the seid 
Ship for to serue to the Shrowdes pryce in grete 
xix^ ij"^ ; Also a color ^ of yron with a bolte whuch is 
annexed to the Stay of the seid Ship an hoke for 
fyshyng of Ankers & for a lych hoke price iij^ v"* ; 
ij payer of chaynes hokes for Ketylles pryce 
viij*^ ; j bolte of yron whuch servyth to the mayne 
maste of the seid Ship & bondes of yron Annexed to 
the Roder with a bolte of yron to the same price in 
grete xxij*" ; And to Thomas Gray for certeyn nayles 
with a chayne of yron for the skottelles of the haches 
price xxij*^ ; ij cheselles of yron belongyng to the seid 
Ship price viij'' ; ij forelokes of yron conteyning in 
weight vj lb price the lb j"* ob — ix"^ ; A Garland of 
yron for the toppe maste with certeyn nayles to the 
same pryce xvj'' & for an Ankere Stoke whuch 
serueth to oon of the Ankers of the seid Ship pryce 
— viij"* So by hym bought employed annexed & 
spent apon the seid Ship within the tyme of this 
Acompte xxix" viij^ 

Poleys. Also the seid Robert Brygandyne 
hath payed for a dossen poleys price iiij^ viij"^ a 
dossen Smale poUeys pryce — iij' & for iij doble 
polleys and iij Syngle polleyes price xiij^ So by 
hym bought to the behoff of the seid Ship within the 
tyme of this Acompte .... viij= ix"* 

Compasses Rynnyng Glasses Ketylles & 
lanterns. Also the seid Robert Brygandyne hath 
payed for ij Compaseys and a Rynnyng Glasse 
pryce ij' ij** Also a Ketyll for to hete pytche in 
pryce vij= Also on other Ketyll To dresse in 
mette price — v' iij lanternes pryce xxj^ So by hym 
bought to the behoff of the seid Ship vithin the 
tyme of this Acompte . . . . xv' xj"^ 

Hyre of the Grounde wher the seid Ship 
was made. Also the seid Robert Brygandyne 

' Collar. 

Yi 



324 NAVAL ACCOUNTS 

hath payed to Ales Brygandyne for the hyre 
of the Grounde wher as the seid Ship was made & 
the Workehouse Belongyng to the same By Con- 
venaunt made vith herre in grete within the tyme 
of this Acompte ..... vj^ viij'' 

Tymbre for ladders with the Workman- 
shipp. Also payed in lykewyse for a longe pece 
of Tymbre for to make ij ladders for to Shep men 
and vnshipmen with & for Sawyng of certeyn tymbre 
whuch was necessarie for the seid Ship pryce in 
grete — iij^ And for the wages of ij Carpenters whuch 
made the seid ledders and legges of tymbre xxviij 
dedemenyen & a Devett of tymbre for the same 
iiij^ iiij"^ By convenaunt so made with theym in 
Grete within the tyme of this Acompte . vij^ iiij'' 

Makyng of an Ankere Stoke and Shutyng 
the Ankere. Also the seid Robert Brygandyne 
hath payed for the Shuttyng of an Anker that 
belongeth to the seid Ship — iiij^ Also for an hande- 
saw price vj^ And for hewyng & Sawyng of an 
Ankere Stoke — viij"* Also to certeyn Shipwryghtes 
that wrought of the seid Ship at Sandwich — iij* iiij"* 
by convenaunt made with theym in grete within the 
tyme of this Acompte .... viij^ vj"* 

Makyng of the Sayles & conveyance of 
Canvas. Also the seid Robert Brygandyne hath 
payed to viij workemen laboryng & workyng apon 
makyng and Sewyng of the sayles of the seid Ship 
by the space of ij wekes ych of theym at xij"^ by the 
weke — xvj^ Also for the vitayle of the seid viij 
personnes by the seid ij wekes ych of theym at ix'* 
by the weke — xij^ Also for the hyre of a Bote and 
ij men that conveyed the Canvas for the seid Sayles 
frome Shoram to Winchelse — vj^ by Convenaunte 
made in Grete within the tyme of this Acompte 

xxxiiij' 

Conveyance & loggyng the seid Ship in 



THE MARY FORTUNE 325 

the water at Smalhed. Also the seid Robert 
Brygandyne hath payed for the vitayle of certeyn 
personnes that conveyed the seid ship frome 
Smalhed vnto Wynchelse — vij' yj'* Also ther was 
spent in brede and Bere apon certeyn personnes 
that holpe to loge^ the seid Ship in the water at 
Smalehed to the valewe of — v' By the seid Robert 
Brygandyne bought & spent within the tyme of this 
Acompte ....... xij^ vj"^ 

Rewardes. Also payed in lykewyse to John 
Whalle Towardes his costes Rydyng up to London 
for to ffeche Money for Ryggyng And ffynissyng of 
the seid Ship in Rewarde within the tyme of this 
Acompte vj' viij"* 

Wages & Vitayle. Also the seid Robert 
Brygandyne hath payed for the wages & vitayle of 
Thomas Harres Keper of the seid Barke frome the 
x"" day of the moneth of Nouembre in the xiij* yere^ 
of our Soueraigne lorde Kyng Henry the vij* vnto 
the xx*^ day of Januarie next ensuyng by the space 
of X wekes Takyng by the weke for his wages xij"* 
And for hys vitayle xiiij*^ Amounting in all for the 
seid X wekes within the tyme of this Acompte to the 
Somme of ..... . xxj^ viij"^ 

Somme of the prouisions and Empcions of takle 
& apparell for the Swepestake ® aforesaid 

xlvj" xij^ ix'' ob 

Somme Totell of almaner Costes Charges & 
Expences concernyng the makyng with takelyng & 
apparelyng the Kynges Bark called the Marye 
ffortune aforeseid ex" xvii^ 



' To launch. The festivities seem to have been moderate. 
When the Henry Grace a Dieu was brought into dock at Ports- 
mouth for repair in 1524 the assistants consumed, in one day, 
8 quarters of beef, 42 dozen loaves of bread and four tuns of beer. 

' 1497- 

' Clerical error for Mary Fortune. 



326 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Thaccompte of Stuff takle and apparell 
ordinaunce artillerie & Abillamentes of 
warre apperteynyng to the Marye ffortune 
aforeseid. 

Here ensueth thaccompte as well of all maner 
of Stuff takle and apparell ordinance artillaries and 
Abillamentes of Warre By the seid Robert Brygan- 
dyne bought and prouided To & for the vse of the 
seid Ship As of all maner of ordinance Artillaries 
and Abillamentes of warre By the seid Robert 
Brygandyne Receyved for the behoff of the seid 
Ship with all maner of delyuerances perusynges 
employmentes expences losse and waste of the same 
Stuff takle store and other the premisses within the 
tyme of this Acompte As here after ensueth That 
is to say 

ffyrst the seid Shyp with certeyn Stuff Takle and 
apparell with other Necessaries bowght to the vse 
of the seid Ship within the tyme of this Acompte 

Mayne mastes 



Chaynes for shrowdes 
Dedemenyen 
fore mastes . 
Bowsprettes . 
Mayne yerdes 
Mayne parell 
Meson mastes 
yerdes to the same 
parell to the same 
fore yerdes . 
parell to the same 
yerdes to the spretesayl 
Toppe mastes 
yerdes to the same 
Canvas 
Sayle Twyne 



J.... 
xiiij 

xxviij 

ij 

J 

J 



xvj boltes 
xij lb 



THE MARY FORTUNE 327 



Sayle Nedylles 

Radelyng .... 

Hokes of yron to ffyshe Ankers 

Ankers to the seid Ship 

Ankers to the bote of the seid Ship 

pompes 

ores grete and Smayle . 

Soundyng leedes . 

Sowndyng lynes . 

lyche hokes . 

polleyes of diuerse sortes 

Bote hokes . . 

loff hokes 

Chaynes for the botes Bow 

Chayne hokes for Ketylles 

Chesylles of yron . 

Compasses . 

Rynnyng Glasses . 

Ketylles to hette in pyche — j & to Sethe 

in mete — j in all 
lanternes 
ladders for shippyng & vnshippyng of 

men .... 
Speres .... 
Devettes for the Bote . 
owtelyggers for Sterne . 
Cables of vjc di xiiij lb weight — ^j of 

Dxxviij lb weight — j of dcccc lb 

weight — ij in all 
Mayne Tyes 
Mayne Shuttes 
pendantes for Bower takles 
Smale Ropes of d weyght 
Ropes of ccxlvj lb weight 
Mayne Stayes 
Mayne Takkes 



payer 



cxij 

xxiijjlb 

j 

j 
j 

XX 

iiijix 

ij 

"j 

j 

XXX 

j 

j 

y 
y 
j 

ij 

iij 

ij 
vj 

j 

j 



lllj 

ij 
ij 
u . 

xvj 

iij 

j 

ij 



328 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Grete Cranelynes ..... iiij 
Smale lynes for lachettes & Robyns for 

the sayles of the seid Ship . . iiij 

Handesawes. . . . . . j 



Stuff takle & apperell wrought & made of 
the Kynges Stuff for the Behoff of the seid 
Ship within the Tyme of this Acompte. 



Mayne Shrowdes . 






xiiij 


Hallyers to the same . 






xiiij 


Hallyers for Bower takles 






ij 


Bowelynes to the same. 






ij 


yerderopes . . . . 






y 


Halyers to the mayne sayle . 






J 


lyftes 






ij 


Trusses 






j 


Drynges 






j 


Hoke ropes to ffyshe Ankers 






j 


Ropes for loff hokes 






j 


Ropes for leche hokes . 






j 


Garnettes to the mayne takle 






j 


Stayes to the Toppemaste 






j 


Shrowdes to the same . 






nij 


Tyes to the toppe sayle 






j 


Hallyers to the same . 






j 


Bowelynes to the same . 






U 


Yerde Ropes to the same 






ij 


Shuttes to the same 






ij 


Stayes to the foremaste 






• j 


Shrowdes to the same . 






• vj 


Tyes for the foresayle . 






• j 


hallyers to the same 






• j 


lyftes to the same . 






• U 


Bowelynes to the same . 






• ij 


Takkes for the foresayle 






• U 



THE MARY FORTUNE 329 



Shuttes the same 

yerde Ropes to the same 

Tyes for the sprete sayle 

yerde Ropes to the same 

Shuttes to the same ... 

Shrowdes for the Boneaventure maste 

Tyes for the Boneaventure sayle 

Hallyers to the same 

Shuttes to the same . 

Mayne Sayles . 

Bonettes to the same 

foresayles . 

Bonettes to the same 

Sprette Sayles . 

Boneaventure sayles . 

Toppesayles 

Boye ropes 



U 

J 

U 

ij 
uij 

J 
J 
j 
j 
j 
j 
j 

i 
j 
j 



Ordinance artillerie & abillamentes of warre 
receyued of Syr Robert Clyfford Knight 
Maister of the Kynges ordinance. 



Bowes 










XXX 


Strynges . 










iij dossen 


Arowes 










Ix shefes 


Bylles 










XXV 


Speres 










XV 


Gonne poudre 










di barell 


Lede 










di c weight 


Dyce of yron 










xlvj lb 


Tampyons 










ccc shotte 



As in the acompte of the ordinance in thende of 
this Boke more playnely Apperyth 



330 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Somme Totall of all Stuff Takle & Apparell 
ordinance Artillarie & Abillamentes of 
warre with other Necessaries Aforesaid. 



Mayne Mastes 

Mayne Shrowdes . 

Hallyers to the same . 

Chaynes of yron to the Shrowdes 

Dedemenyen to the same 

Mayne stayes 

Mayne Tyes 

Mayne Shuttes 

pendentes for Bower takles 

Hallyers to the same . 

Hallyers to the Mayne sayle 

Garnettes 

Mayne Takkes 

Mayne lyftes 

Mayne Bowelynes 

yerde ropes for the Mayne sayle 

Trusses to the mayne sayle 

Drynges 

lyche hokes of yron 

Ropes to the same 

loff hokes of yron 

Ropes to the same 

Hokes of yron for to fysshe Ankers 

Ropes to the same 

Mayne yerdes 

parell to the Same 

Mayne Sayles 

Bonettes to the same . 

Toppe mastes 

yerdes to the same 

Sayles to the same 

Stayes to the toppemaste 

Shrowdes to the same . 



J... 
xiiij 

xiiij 

xiiij 

xxviij 



mj 



THE MARY FORTUNE 331 



Tyes for the toppe sayle 
hallyers to the same 
Bowelynes to the same 
yerde Ropes to the same 
Shuttes to the same 
foremastes . 
Stayes to the same 
Shrowdes to the same 
Tyes to the foresayle 
Hallyers to the same 
lyftes to the same . 
Bowelynes to the same 
loff takkes to the same 
Shuttes to the foresayle 
yerde ropes to the same 
foreyerdes . 
foresayles to the same . 
Bonettes to the same . 
A parell for the foresayle 
Bowsprettes . 
yerdes to the same 
, Sayles to the same 
Tyes for the spreite sayle 
yerde ropes to the same 
Shuttes for the same 
Boneaventure mestes . 
yerdes to the same 
Sayles to the same 

Shrowdes for the Boneaventure Maste 
Tyes to the same . 
hallyers to the same 
Shuttes to the same 
Oweteleggers at Sterne 
parell to the Boneaventure sayle 
Boye Ropes . . ■ • 
Cables of dc di xiiij lb weight— j of 



J 



Dxxviij lb weight- 
— ij in all 



-j of Dcccc weight 



vj 



mj 



uij 



332 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Smale ropes of d weight 

Ropes of ccxlvj lb weight 

Crankelynes 

Smale lynes for lachettes & Robynes 

Canvas .... 

Sayle Twyne 

Sayle nedylles Grete & Smale 

Raddelyne .... 

Sowndyng lynes . 

Soundyng leedes . 

Ankers of divers sortes Belongyng to the 

seid Ship — iij & to the Ships Bote — j 

in all 

long ores to Rowe with in the seid Ship 
Shorte ores forr the Bote of the seid Ship 
pompes Belongyng to the seid Ship 
poleyes of diuerse sortes whuche ben 
annexed to the Takle Belongyng vnto 
the seid Ship — ij dossen poleys 

doble — iij Syngle iij in all — vj 



xvj 

i'j 
uij 

uij 

xvj boltes 

xij lb 

cxij 

xxiij lb 

y 



nij 



UIJ 

ix 



XXX 



Botes to the seid i 


Ship 






j 


Chaynes of yron in the seid Botes Bow 


J 


Devettes of tymbre to the seid Bote 


j 


Bote hokes 


j 


Chayne hokes for Ketylles . 




ij payer 


Chessell of yron . 




ij 


Compasses . 








ij 


Rynnyng glasses 








j 


Bowes . 








XXX 


Strynges 








iiij dossen 


Arowes 








Ix shefes 


Bylles . 








XXV 


Speres . 








xxj 


Gonne poudre 








di barell 


Lede . 








. di c weight 


Dyce of yron 








xlvj lb 


Tampyons . 








ccc shotte 



THE MARY FORTUNE 333 

Ketylles to hete in pyche— j and to 

sethe in mete — j in all . . . ij 

lanternes ...... iij 

ladders ...... ij 

handesawes . . . . . . j 

Deliverances perusynges & otherwise 
demening of the Stuff Takle & apparel 
with other premisses Aforesaid. 

Stuff spent & employed in makyng of takle & 
apperell for the seid Shippe 

ffyrst there is employed annexed & spent the 
percells of Stuff Ensuyng in New makyng of takle 
& apperell for the Behoff of the seid Ship That is to 
say xvj smale Ropes of D weight employed in makyng 
of xiiij hallyers for the mayne Shrowdes ij mayne 
Bowlynes ij Ropes called yerde Ropes j Garnet 
to the same ij lyftes j Trusse j dryng An hoke 
Rope to ffysshe Ankers a Rope to the loff hoke 
j Rope to the Lych hoke j Stay for the Toppe 
Maste iiij Shrowdes for the same j Tye to the 
Toppe sayle j hallyere to the same ij Bowelynes 
ij yerde Ropes for the same ij Shuttes for the Toppe 
sayle j Stay for the foremaste vj Shrowdes to 
the same j Tye for the foresayle an hallyere for 
the same ij lyftes ij Bowelynes ij takkes 
ij Shuttes ij yerde ropes to the same A Tye to 
the sprete sayle ij yerde Ropes for the same 
ij Shuttes for the same iiij Shrowdes to the 
Boneaventure maste A Tye to the Boneaventure 
sayle j hallyere for the same j Shutte to the 
same ij hallyeres for pendantes of Bower Takles 
And certeyn Bolte Ropes spent for Garnyshyng of 
the sayles that belong to the seid Ship Also iij 
Ropes of ccxlvj lb weight Employed for makyng of 



334 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



xiiij Mayne Shrowdes ij Boye ropes & an hall- 
yere for the mayne sayle Also iiij Craynklynes 
Employed annexed & spent for makyng of olyett 
hooles ^ with other necesseries for the seid sayles 
that belong to the seid Ship Also iiij Smale lynes 
employed annexed & spent in mekyng of lachettes 
& Robyns with other Necessaries for the seid sayles 
Also xvj boltes Canvas xij lb Sayle Twyne cxij 
sayle nedylles annexed occupied spent & Broken 
abought makyng of the sayles belongyng to the seid 
Ship that is to say the mayne sayle with j bonette 
the foresayle with jbonette spreteseile Boneaventure 
sayle & Toppe sayle Also xxiij lb Raddelyne 
employed annexed Raddelyng of the Mayne 
Shrowdes of the seid Ship within the tyme of this 
Acompte 

Stuff Takle apparell & other premisses 
perused broken wasted lost & spent within 
the tyme of this Acompte. 

Also ther ys spent perused broken loste & 
wasted To and for the defence & saff kepeyng of 
the seid Shippe As well Beyng in the Kynges 
Warres in hys noble Army upon the see in the 
Costes of Skotteland Ayenst his Auncyent 
Enemes And Rebelles of Scoteland as Restyng 
in Soundrie havens and places within this Realme 
thies percelles of Stuff Takle & Apperell and other 
Abillamentes of Warre ensuyng within the tyme of 
this Acompte That is to say 



fforemastes 
longe ores. 
Shorte ores for the 
Bowes 
Strynges . 



Bote 



Eyelet 



J 
xxviij 

"J... 
xiiij 

iij dossen 



holes. 



THE 


MARY 


FORTUNE 33; 


Arowes xxx sheffes 


Bylles . 










xiij 


Speres 










ix 


Gonne poudre 










di barell 


lede . 










di c weight 


dyce of yron 










xlvj lb 


Tampoons 










ccc shotte 


ladders 










ij 


handsawes 










J 



And so Remayneth the seid Ship in the 
Kynges haven at Wynchelse the laste Day 
of this Acompte with the Stuff Takle & 
Apperell ordinance Artillerie & Abilla- 
mentes of warre vndrewrytyn that is To 
say 

Mayne Mestes . . . . . j 

Mayne Shrowdes feble .... xiiij 

Hallyers to the same feble . . . xiiij 
Chaynes of yron for the Shrowdes . . xiiij 
dedemenyen ...... xxviij 

Mayne Stayes feble 

Mayne Tyes feble . 

Mayne Shuttes feble 

pendentes for Bower Takles 

hallyers to the same feble 

hallyers for the Mayne sayle ffeble 

Garnettes ffeble 

Mayne liftes feble . 

Mayne Bowelynes feble 

yerde Ropes for the Mayne sayle feble 

Trusses ffeble . 

Drynges ffeble . 

lyche hokes of yron . 

Ropes to the same feble 

loff hokes of yron . 



336 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Ropes to the same ffeble 

Hokes of yron for to fFysshe Ankers 

Ropes to the same feble 

Mayne Takkes 

Mayne yerdes 

A parell to the same feble 

Mayne sayles feble 

Bonettes to the same . 

Toppe mastes 

yerdes to the same 

Sayles to the same 

Stayes to the toppe maste 

Shrowdes to the same ffeble 

Tyes for the Toppe sayle feble 

hallyers to the same feble 

Bowlynes to the same ffeble 

Ropes called yerde Ropes to the same 

ffeble . . 
Shuttes for the same ffeble 
foremastes . 
Stayes to the same ffeble 
Shrowdes to the same ffeble 
Tyes for the same ffeble 
lyftes ffeble . 
Bowelynes ffeble . 
loffe takkes ffeble . 
Shuttes ffeble 
yerde Ropes ffeble 
fforeyerdes . 
fforesayles ffeble . 
Bonettes to the same ffeble 
parell to the fforesayle . 
Bowesprittes 
yerdes to the same 
sayles to the same ffeble 
Tyes ffeble . 
Yerde Ropes to the same ffeble 



uij 



vj 



THE MARY FORTUNE 



m 



Shuttes to the same ffeble , 

Boneaventure mestes . 

Yerdes to the same 

sayles ffeble .... 

Shrowdes for the Boneaventure Maste 

ffeble .... 
Tyes ffeble .... 
Hallyers to the same ffeble . 
Shuttes ffeble 
owte lyggers at Sterne . 
parell for the boneaventure Meste 
Boye Ropes ffeble 
Cables of dc di xiiij lb weight — j of 

Dxxviij lb weight— j and of ix c 

weight worne & ffeble ij in all 
Sotiindyng leedes . 
Sotmdyng lynes . 
Ankers to the seid Ship iij & to the 

Shippes Bote j in all 
long ores to the seid Ship 
Shorte ores for the Ships Bote 
pompes for the seid Ship 
poleys of diuers sortes that beyn annexed 

to divers takles in the seid Ship 
Botes to the seid Ship , 
Chaynes of yron in the Botes Bowe 
Devettes of tymbre to the seid Bote 
Bote hokes ..... 
Chayne hokes for Ketylles . 
Ketylles to hete in pytche — j And to 

Sethe in Mete — j in all . 
Chesselles of yron 
Compasces for the seid Ship . 
Rynnyng Glassez . 
lanternes .... 
Bowes ..... 
Strynges .... 



U 
j 
j 
j 

iiij 

j 
j 

i 
j 
j 



nij 

ij 
U 

iiij 
Iij 
vj 



XXX 

j 
j 
j 
j 

ij payer 

ij 

U 

U 

j 

"j 
xvj 

j dossen 



338 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Arrowes 
Bylles . 
Speres . 



XXX sheffes 
xij 
xij 



Thaccompte of Stuff Store & other Artillarie 
Apperteynyng to the Kynges Blokkehousse 
at Portesmouth 

Here ensueth thaccompte of Stuff Store 
Artilleries and other Abillamentes for the Warre 
by the seid Robert Brygandyne Receyved At our 
Soveraigne lorde the Kynges Blokkehouse at 
Portesmouth the ffyrst day May in the x* yere ^ of 
our seid Sovereigne lorde Kyng Henry the vij* 
whuch day the seid Robert Brygandyne ffyrst toke 
the seid Blokkehouse in to his handes and Guydyng 
by the vertu of his office As here after ensueth. 

That is to say 



Grete Serpentynes of yron 
Chambers to the same 
Morderers of yron 
Chambers to the same 
forelokes to the same 
Stone Gonnes 
Chambers to the same 
fforelokes to the same 
Stone Gonnes of yron 
Chambers to the same 
fforelokes to the same 



J 

"J 

ij 

"ij 

J 

J 

J 

j 

j 

"j 

j 



Whereof the seid Robert Brygandyne ys to be 
Charged in his next Acompte 



1495- 



SHIPS' ORDNANCE STORES 339 



Ordinaunce Artillarie & Abillamentes of 
Warre 

Here ensueth a declaracion made By the seid 
Robert Brygandyne of all the Ordinaunce Artillaries 
& Abillamentes of warre By hym receyved of Syr 
Robart Clyfford Knyght Maister of the Kynges 
ordinaunce by the handes of John Smyth yoman of 
the seid Ordinaunce for the ffurnysshing and 
Enarmyng of our Soveraigne lorde the Kynges 
Shippes appointed for to serve the Kyng in hys 
moste noble Army on the See Ayenste his Auncyent 
enemies and Rebelles of Scotland As By an Inden- 
ture Beryng Date the xxvj* day of Apryll in the 
xij**" yere ^ of our seid Soveraigne lorde the Kynges 
Reigne ther vppon made more playnely Appereth 

That is to say 
Bowes m'ccccIvj 



Strynges 
Arowes . 
Bylles . 
Speres . 
Gonne Poudre 
lede 

Dyce of yron 
Tampiones . 



xnj grosse 
M'ccccxij sheffes 

DXXJ 

ccclix 

ij lastes iij barelles 

m'm'cccc lb 

m' di cxiiij lb 

vij""* Dcccc shotte 



Whereof 

Delyveraunces of the ordinaunce Artillarie & 
Abillamentes of warre Aforesaid to diverse & 
soundrie Shippes beyng in the Kynges warres that 
ys to say To 

The Kynges ship called the Regent. 

Bowes . . . • . cc 
Strynges . . • • • v grosse 

> 1497- 

z 2 



340 



NAVAL ACCOVNTS 



cc 



Arowes ..... cccc sheffes 

Bylles 

Speres 

Gonne Poudre 

Lede . 

Dyce of yron 

Tampyones 

With the whuch the seid Robert Brygandyne is 
charged in the Acompte of the seid Ship 

The Kynges Ship called the Swepestake. 

Bowes ...... XXX 



c 

A laste 

Dcccc weight di 

ccc lb weight 

m'm'm' shote 



Strynges 








. iiij dossen 


Arowes . 






. Ix sheffes 


Bylles . 






. XXV 


Speres . 






. XV 


Gonne Poudre 






di barell 


lede . 






di c weight 


dyce of yron . . 






. xlvj lb 


Tampiones . 






. ccc shotte 


With the whuch the seid Robert Brygandyne is 


charged in thaccompt of the seid Ship 


The Kynges ship called Marie ffortune. 


Bowes ...... XXX 


Strynges 








iiij dossen 


Arowes . 








Ix sheffes 


Billes . 








XXV 


Gonne Poudre 








di barell 


lede 








di c weight 


Dyce of yron 








xlvj lb 


Speres . 








XV 


Tampyones . 








ccc shotte 


With the whuch the seid Robert Brygandyne is 


charged in thaccom 


pte o 


fthe 


seid i 


ship 



SHIPS' ORDNANCE STORES 341 



Dyce of yron 
lede 
Tampyones . 



XXX 



The Anthony of Salteashe. 

Bowes . 
Strynges 
Arowes . 
Bylles . 
Speres . 
Gonne Poudre 



di grosse 
Ix sheffes 



XX 



. j barell 
j quarteron weight 
. di c weight 
ccl shote 



Whereof John Hawke capteyn of the seid Ship 
is to Answere 

The Henry of Brystoll. 



Bowes . 






cxxx 


Strynges 
Arowes . 






ij grosse di 
cclx sheffes 


Bylles . 






XX 
■ ■■• 

m 


Speres . 
Gonne Poudre 






XX 

iiijx 

iij barelles di 


Dyce of yron 
lede 
Tampyones . 


' 




cc lb 

cccc weight 

Mcc shotte 


Wherof Sir Robert Poynes K 
the seid Ship is to Answere 


nyght capteyn of 


The Marye Byrde of B 


rystoll. 


Bowes 


Ixx 


Strynges 
Arrowes 






A grosse 
cxl sheffes 


Billys . 
Speres . 
Gonne Poudre 






xxxv 

XXXV 

. ij barelles 


Dyce of yron 






clb 



342 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Lede ...... cc weight 

Tampyones . . . . . d shotte 

Wherof Mores Barkley gent capteyn of the 
seyd Ship is to Answer 



Bowes 



The Marye Towre of Brystoll. 

Ixx 



Strynges 
Arowes . 








A grosse 
cxl sheffes 


Bylles . 








XXXV 


Speres . 








XXXV 


Gonne Poudre 








ij barelles 


Dyce of yron 
Lede 
Tampyones . 








clb 

cc weight 

D shotte 


Wherof John Whyttyngton Capteyn of the seid 
ship is To Answere 


The Andrew of Plymmouth. 


Bowes Ix 


Strynges 
Arowes . 








A grosse 
cxx sheffes 


BiUes . 








xl 


Speres . 








XX 


Gonne Poudre 








. j barell di 


Dyce of yron 
Lede 
Tampyones . 








. iij quarterons 
. c di weight 
. D shotte 



Wherof Henry Ley Capteyn of the seid Ship is 
to Answere 



The Mychell of Derfcemouth. 



Bowes . 
Strynges 
Arowes 



Ixvj 

xij dossen 

cxxxij sheffes 



SNIPS' ORDNANCE STORES 343 



Bylles . . . . 

Speres . . . . 

Gonne Poudre 

Dyce of yron 

lede . . . . 

Tampyons 

Wherof 
Seid ship is to Answere 



. xlvj 
. xxiiij 

ij barell j fyrkyn 
c j quarteron weight 
. cc di 
. Dec shotte 

^ Capteyn of the 



The Bark of Pensaunce. 



Bowes . 
Strynges 
Arowes . 
Bylles . 
speres . 
Gonne Poudre 
Dyce of yron 
lede 
Tampyones . 



XX 

iiij dossen 
xl sheffes 



XV 



XV 

di barell j fyrkyn 
j quarteron weight 
. di c weight 
. ccc shotte 



Wherof John Bevell capteyn of the seid Ship is 
to answere 

Delyuered to my Lorde Brokke capteyn of our 
soveraigne lorde the Kynges Ship called the Regent 
Bowes ...... d1 

Syr Robert Wylloughby Knyght wherof the 
seid lorde Broke is to Answere 

Somme Totall of the Delyveraunces of the 
Ordinaunce Artillarie & Abillamentes of warre 
aforesaid That is to say 

Bowes ...... M^cclvj 

Strynges 



Arowes . 

Bylles 

sperys 



xnj grosse 
M'ccccxij sheffes 

DXXJ 

ccclix 



Blank in MS. 



344 



NAVAL ACCOUNTS 



Gonne Poudre . . . . ij lastes ij barell 

lede m'm'ccc di weight 

Dyce of yron .... m'xxxvj lb 

Tampyones .... vij'^dI shotte 

And so Remayneth of the seid ordinaunce 
Artillarie & Abillamentes of warre in the Kepyng 
of the seid Robert Brygandyne this parcelles 
vnderwryten that is to say 

Bowes . . . . . cc 
Chestes to the same 



Gonne poudre . 

Lede 

Dyce of yron 

Tampyones 

Whereof the seid Robert Brygandyne is to be 
charged in his next Acompte 



uij 

A barell 
di c weight 
xxxiiij lb 
cccl shotte 



Somjne Totall of all the costes cherges and 
paymentes provisions & Expenses As 
Aforesaid that is to say 

The Dokke the Dokke hede & 

gates of the same . 
The Soueraigne With her grete 

Bote & Jolywatt 
the costes of the Regent 
the Costes of the Swepestake 
the Costes of the Marie ffortune 



ciiijxiij'' vj"* ob q' 



Diiijxv" vj 
m'xHj" xj^ 
cxx" iij^ ij 



v"^ q' 



ex" XVlj 

m'm'Ixj'' xviij^ vij* 
And So the seid Robert Brygandyne Resteth in 



Surplusage ^ 



xnj" vijj" 



' The Crown owes him 13J. 8^. 



INDEX 



Nautical words still in use are not indexed. Obsolete words are, for 
the most part, only indexed in relation to the page where they first appear, 
unless they occur again in a different form on a later page. 



Afterskulles, 193, 202 

Alawe, 176, 194 

Anchors, price of, 13, 246, 320, 321 

Anfeld, 88 

Arbitration, 248 

Astry, Ralph, 74 

Ay ton, xlix, 103 



Balen, 39 

Ballast, price of, 167 

Bayle, 195 

Beddes, 84 

Bees, 38 

Berd, Robert, xvi 

Betell^, 109 

Bitakles, 51 

Boats, xxvi, 14 

Boat tackles, xxvii 

Bolsters, 152 

Bolt, 206 

Bonnets, 40 

Bounty system, xxxi, xxxii 

Bowesesynges, 36 

Bowman, Piers, xvii 

Boxes, 84 

Brandon, Thos., 31, 42 

Brasses, 48 

Bray, Sir Reginald, x 

xxxviii, 47, 139, 140 
Brennyng, 16 
Brikelsey, 92 
Brittany, xxx 
Brome, 175 
Bryles, 48 



Brygandyne, Robert, x, xix, x;c, 

xxiv, xxxviii, xxxix, 135-8 
— Alice, XX, 324 
Brytton tackle, 188 
Bukhorne, 24 
Bull, Stephen, 128, 281 
Bumbardell, 85 
Bursledon, xxxvii, 22, 24, 27 



Cade, 17, 163 

Caggeyng, 12, 52, 192, 281 

Candles, price of, 177 

Cannon, xxxiv, 104 

— shot, XXXV, 104 

Canvas, xxvii , 13, 184, 206, 242, 

262, 277, 297. 320 
Capel, Sir Wm., 25 
Capstans, 191, 192, 259 
Carpenters, wages of, 144-8 
Carriage of stores, cost of, 18, 26, 

145, 146, 149, 150. 155. 175. 189. 

186, 228, 230, 240, 248-51, 313 
Carrys, 151 
Cartclowts, 92, 150 
Cartsaddell, 86, 117, 124 
Carvel nails, 152, 228 
Carvel of Ewe, 28 
Casting caltraps, 83 
Catton, Wm., xvi 
Caulkers, 17, 178, 231-3 
Chains, iron mooring, xxix, 230, 

239 
Charcoal, xxxv. See also Cole- 

poudre 



346 



INDEX 



Chymell, 87 

Chymneys, 102 

Clerk of the Ships, character of 
office of, xiv, XV, xxiv ; the Clerks 
under John, xv ; under Henry 
V. and Henry VI., xvi ; under 
Edward IV., xvii ; under Henry 
VII., xviii-xx ; payments to 
Clerks, 7-1 1, 138-43 

Clifford, Sir Robert, 264 

Cloffborde, 292, 312, 313 

Clyvedon, Richard, xvi 

Coal, price of, 150 

Cobardes, 250 

Colepoudre, 97 

Colkes, 36 

Colpresses, 86 

Columbe of France, xxiii 

Combresale, Wm., xix, 66, 80, 81, 
156 

Compasses, price of, 323 

Conke, 100 

Cordage, xxvii, 12, 13, 20, 184, 196, 
206, 243-s, 262, 263, 274-6, 290, 
297, 321 

Cornish rebellion, xlv, xlvi 

Courtemen, 154 

Cowchyng, 155, 167 

Crane line, 40 

Crown, gilt, 39 

Cuckold's Creek, 229 

Curtowe, 84 

Dagswayns, 50, n. 4 

Dates, calculation of, 21 «., 178 n. 

Daviottes, 49, 192 

Dedemeneyne, 38 

Demy launces, 102 

Destrelles, 192 

Dise, 83, 100, 195 

Dobles, 50 

Docks, xxxvii, 23, 26, 64, 67 

— dry, xxxvi, xxxviii 

Donage, 251 

Draughtes, 99, 107 

Drifattes, 87, 121 

Dryfte pynnes, 152 

Dryngs, 48 

Edward IV., restores navy, xiii, 
and administration, xiv 



Elston, 229, 238, 252 
Endes, 97, 126 
Engineering, naval, xxxix 
Expenditure, general naval, x, 33-5, 
143, 344 

— office, 33 

— on fortifications of Ports- 
mouth, xxxvi 

— on Portsmouth Dock, 143 

— on repairing Regent, 143 
Sovereign, di, 143 



Fare carts, 84 
Faucons, 97 
File, 90 
Flags, xxvi 
Flax, price of, 227 
Flowredelyeez, 190 
Fodre, 97 
Forest bills, 39 
Forlokkes, 84, 194, 247 
France, as a rival, xxx, xxxi 

Gaffolles, lie 
Gale, Thos., xviii 
Garlands, 189, 200, 322 
Gittons, 40, 260 
Gonne pekkes, 72 

— stokkes, 246, 290 
Governor, xiii, xxiii, 26-8, 70-4 
Grace Dieu (of Henry V.), xvi, 

xxxvii 
(of Edward IV.), xiii, xxiii, 

9, 20-3, 36-47 

(merchantman), xxxi 

Grapers, 50 

Greenwich, storehouse at, xxxvi 

Guldeford, Sir John, xxi 

— Sir Richard, xxi-xxiii, 70 
Guncarriages, xxxv 
Gunners, Iv, 130 
Gunpowder, xxxv, 13, 20 
Gunstones, 69 

Gyes, 272 



Haberdyne, 166 
Hakebusses, 50 
Halberds, 99, 117 
Hale, 99 



INDEX 



347 



Haliers, 91 

Halse, 46 

Hamble river, xxxvi, xxxvii, 36 

Heggebilles, 97 

Henche poles, 37 

Henry V., navy at decease of, xi ; 
debts of, xii ; shipbuilding by, 
xiv 

Henry VI., navy under, xiii 

Henry VII., naval policy of, xi, 
xxxvi ; interest of, in navy, xxi ; 
building policy of, xxiii, xxxii ; in- 
augurates the bounty system, 
xxxi ; purchases foreign ships, 
xxxii, xxxiii ; and the Scotch war, 
xliv, xlv, Ij li ; peaceful conclusion 
of his reign, Ivi ; founds Ports- 
mouth dockyard, xxxvi 

Hoke ropes, 37 

Himdredweight, contents of, 243 n. 

Hungry, 112 

Iron, price of, 149, 173, 227 

James IV., of Scotland, xliv-1 
Jayne, 7, 32. 79 
John de Fole, 29 
Jonkes, 49 



Kayes, 84 
Keeles, 72 

Keeper of the King's ships. 
Clerk of the Ships 



Labourers, wages of, 144-8, 234 

Lanteres, 51, 56 

Lastage, 23 

Laten, 39 

Latescaltraps, 97 

Latheborde, 192 

Layners, 37 

Leather, 229 

— hungry, 112 

Leche hokes, 38, 268 

Libard, 92 

Litton, Sir Robert, 141, 142 

Lodemanage, 24 

Louffelawes, 192, 215 



Loves, 38 
Luffhooks, 73 
Lymores, 84 
Lynces, 84 
Lyneyer arrows, 96 

Malles, 39 
Mantlet, 91, 99 
Mapoldes, 16 
Marespikes, 87 
Margaret, 29 

Martin Garsia, xiii, xxi, xxiii, 67-70 
Mary Fortune, xxix, liii, 312-37 
Mary Guldeford, xxi, 28, 78 
Mary of Portsmouth, 29 
Mary of the Tower, xiii, xxiii, xiii, 
12-20, 23, 26, 47-66, 75, 186, 247 
Mary Turberville, 29 
Masons, wages of, 230, 231 
Masts, XXV, xxvi 

— prices of, 14, 183, 241, 297, 320, 
321 

Maundes, 73, 197 
Merling irons, 56 
Messengers, payments to, 10, 30-2 
Miche (of a pump), 157, 209 

— (of a gun), 194, 247, 261 
Mylleyn nedylles, 242 



Nails, price of, 15, 16, 150, 152, 
IS5, 173, 181, 228, 229, 293, 314 

Navy under Henry V., xi, xii, xiv ; 
under Henry VI., xii, xiii 

— under Edward IV., xiii 

Nest, John, xxxviii, 144, 146 

Norham Castle, xlvi 



Oakum, price of, 15, 175, 227, 294, 

314 
Oars, price of, 167, 185, 246, 298, 

322 
Officers, pay of, xiii, xliii, 20-9, 

161-72, 218-23, 353 
Oil, price of, 177, 225 
Outriggers, 51, 191 



Pages, 22 
Pakke hokes, 38 



348 



INDEX 



Palmer, Henry, 9, 10, 11, 30, 31 

Panell, 117 

Parliamentary grants, xlv 

Pavesses, 51, 95, 261 

Pay, xlii, xliii. See also Officers, 

pay of, and Seamen, pay of 
Pajmters, 44, 68, 258 
Peall, 7 

Pellettes, 95, 97, 99, 100 
Pettes, 151 
Piles, 129 
Pitch, price of, 14, 152, 176, 181, 

224, 294, 314 
Plate, 88 

Plompes, 272, 311 
Poleis, 36, 74 

— price of, 323 
PoUankre, 47 
Portholes, xxvii 

Portsmouth dock, xxxv-xli, 142-60 

— fortifications of, xxxvi 

— stores at, 158, 160 
Pourte, keeper of the, 163, 164 
Prik, 99 

Prymers, 100 

Pump, price of, 298, 322 

Purser, 21 

QUAIR, 132 
Quarters, 235 

Rathjes, 102 

Receipts, see Clerk of the Ships, 

payments to. 
Regent, x, xxiii, xxv, xxvi, xxviii, 

xxix, xlii, xliii, xlvii, liii, 218-90 

— cost of removing and unmoor- 
ing, 229, 230, 238, 252 

paving a kitchen in, 230 

Rennyng glasses, 51 

Rew^ds, 147, 148, 149, 252, 325 

Robinet, 89 

Roger, Elizabeth, xix 

— Joan, 5, 80 

— Thomas, ix, xvii-xix, xxiii ; 
patent of, 3-6 

Rosin, price of, 177, 226, 294 
Rosses, 152 
Rove nails, 15 
Russewale, 38, 45 

Sail needles, price of, 185, 297 



Sails, 206, 277, 299, 308, 324 
Saltpetre, xxxv 
Sawborde, price of, 226, 293 
Sawyers, wages of, 144-7. J180, 

235. 296, 313 
Say, 14, 40, 43 
Scopettes, 40 

Scotch war of 1496-7, xliv-lv 
Sculls, price of, 13 
Seamen, pay of, 17, 20-9, 161-72, 

218-23, 251, 253 

— Spanish, hired, 27, 32 
Serpentines, 19 

ShafFe hokes, 40, 46 

Sheaf of steel, 150 

Sheepsldns, price of, 16, 174, 226, 

294 
Sheggye shevys, 251 
Sherehokes, 39 
Sheves, 36, 61 
Shipbuilding, xiii, xiv, 34 
Ships, armament of, xxiv, xxv, liii, 

55. 59,69. 19s. 216, 261, 274, 303, 

329, 339-343 ... 

— building of, xxm, xxiv, 9, 291, 
299, 312, 320, 325 

— Clerk of, see Clerk of the Ships 

— cost of keeping in harbour, 20-8, 
224, 254 

— decoration of, xxvi, 237 

— hired, xxxiii, xlvii, 9, 28, 29 

— repairs of, xiv, xvii, 181, 187 

— rigging of, xxv, xxvi 

— royal, hired out, xxx, xlii, 25, 57, 
58, 218 

— Spanish, xxxii, xxxiii, 9, 78 
Shipwrights, Iv 

— wages of, i6, 17, 22, 153, 164, 
178-83, 231-3, 294-6, 315-19 

Shores, 175 
Shot, xxxv 

— of cables, 184, 244 
Shovels, price of, 15, 22, 185 
Shutyng, 150 

Skopperlethers, price of, 298, 322 
Smythes coles, 174, 228 

— wages, 180, 236 
Somercastell, 176 
Somerset, Sir Charles, 78 
Soper, William, xvi 
Sovereign, x, xxii, xxiv-xxvi, xxviii, 

xl, xli, 34, 79, i6i-2i8 



INDEX 



349 



Sovereign, defending, from ice, 164 
Sovmding leads, price of, 322 

— line, length of, 322 «. 
Spanish mediation between Henry 

VII. and James IV., 1-lii 
Spynnyng, 153 
Stakes, 90 
Staves, 88 
Steel, price of, 1 50 
Stodynges, 48, 211 
Stok Bray, 250 
Stone guns, 194 
Storehouse at Greenwich, xxxvi, 9, 

10, 26, 30, 60, 74-81 
Stores sent nortii for Scotch war, 

82-132 

— expended in Scotch war, hii, Uv 
Strakes, 96 

Strdiieropes, 37, 255 

Styroppes, 152 

Surrey, Thomas Howard, Earl of, 

X, rfv-lii 
Sweepstake, xxix, liii, 291-312 
Sye, IS3, 293 
Symondes, Richard, xxi 



Taketts, 88 

TaUow, price of, I77, 225. ^94, 3i4 

Tallowood, 227 

Tally, 8 

Tampyons, 69 

Tar, price of, 14, 152, I77, 181, 224, 

294, 299. 314 
Tergo, 96 
Thrums, 16 
Tillettes, no 



Timber, price of, 14, 151, 154, 176, 

226, 292, 312 
Tontight, 154, 186, 249, 250 
Toparmours, 14 
Touchpowder, 88 
Tramelles, 83 
Tree, 37 
Trestelles, 95 
Trussed, 82 
Tudor, Margaret, lii 
Tugges, 96 

Turberville, Sir John, 29, 41 
Tusserdes, 164 
Twys, 240 

Victualling, xliii, 17, 20-8, 145-7, 
155, 161-6, 179, 180-3, 219-24, 
231-7, 253, 294-6, 315-19 

Wale trees, 72 

Waller, Alice, xxi 

Warbeck, Perkin, xliv-xlvi, 1, lii 

Wareley, Thomas, 139-42 

Warre takkes, 71, 199 

Wast trees, 50 

Waynscottes, 226 

Wheleropes, 37, 211 

Wheles, 189, 211 

Wilken rammers, 91, 156 

William of Wrotham, xv 

Willoughby de Broke, Robert, 

Lord, xlviii, 103 
Wollyng, 207 
Woolhouse at Southampton, 245 

Yeoman of the Crown, xvi, xix, 28 



PRINTED BY 

SPOTTISWOODE AND CO., NEW-STREET SQUARE 

LSHDON 



THE NAVY RECORDS SOCIETY 



PATRONS 

H.R.H. The Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, K.G., K.T., &c, 
H.R.H. The Duke of York, K.G., &c. 

PRESIDENT 
Earl Spencer, K.G. 



The Navy Records Society, which has been esta- 
blished for the purpose of printing rare or unpublished 
works of naval interest, aims at rendering accessible the 
sources of our naval history, and at elucidating- questions 
of naval archaeology, construction, administration, organi- 
sation and social life. 

The Society has already issued : — 

In 1894 : Vols. I. and II. State Papers relating to the 
Defeat of the Spanish Armada, Anno 1588, edited by 
Professor J. K. Laughton. 

In 1895 : Vol. \\\. Letters of Lord Hood 1781-82, edited 
by Mr. David Hannay. 

Vol. IV. Index to fames's Naval History, by Mr. C. G. 
Toogood, edited by the Hon. T. A. Brassey. 

Vol. V. Life of Captain Stephen Martin, 1666- 1740, 
edited by Sir Clements R. Markham. 

In 1896 : Vol. Yl. Journal of Rear- Admiral Bartholomew 
James, 1752-1828, edited by Professsor J. K. Laughton, 
with the assistance of Commander J. Y. F. Sulivan. 



Vol. VII. Hollond's Discourses of the Navy, 1638 and 
1658, edited by Mr. J. R. Tanner. 

Vol. VIII. Naval Accounts and Inventories in the Reign 
of Henry VII., edited by Mr. M. Oppenheim. 

The volumes for next year will probably be Roll II. of 
Anthony's Declaration of the Navy, 1545, edited by Pro- 
fessor Elgar; The fournal of Sir George Rooke, 1700-2, 
edited by Mr. Oscar Browning ; and Papers relating to the 
Blockade of Brest, 1803-5, edited by Mr. J. Leyland. 

Other works in preparation are State Papers, English 
and French, relating to the War with France in 1512-13, 
to be edited by M. Alfred Spont; State Papers relating 
to the Spanish War, 1585-87, to be edited by Mr. Julian 
Corbett ; State Papers relating to the First Dutch War, 
1652-54, to be edited by Professor S. R. Gardiner ; Minutes 
of Courts- Martial and other Official Documents illustrating 
the Social Life and Internal Discipline of the Navy in the 
X Vlllth Century, to be edited by Professor J. K. Laughton ; 
fournals and Letters of Admiral of the Fleet Sir Thomas 
Byam Martin, 1773-1854, to be edited by Admiral Sir R. 
Vesey Hamilton. 

Any person wishing to become a Member of the 
Society is requested to apply to the Secretary (Professor 
Laughton, King's College, London, W.C), who will submit 
his name to the Council. The Annual Subscription is 
One Guinea, the payment of which entitles the Member 
to receive one copy of all works issued by the Society for 
that year. The publications are not oifered for general 
sale ; but new Members can obtain the volumes for pre- 
vious years on payment of the back subscriptions. 

December 1896.