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Full text of "List of inscriptions on tombstones and monuments in Ceylon, of historical or local interest, with an obituary of persons uncommemorated"

TOHBSMS AW Wlirai 

IN CEYLON 



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■^Si^^^^f ~ 



^m-H. -TA 






Jo!--r 



CORNELL 

UNIVERSITY 

LIBRARY 




GIVEN FOUNDATION BOOK FUND 

In Memory of 

JOHN LA PORTE GIVEN 

CLASS OF 1896 



Cornell University Library 
CS1183.L67 



List of Inscriptions on tombstones and m 




3 1924 007 648 516 .i,.«..2 




The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924007648516 




rilMB HF SIR JOHN l>u^J,\ AT KANIJV 



LIST OF INSCRIPTIONS 



ON 



TOMBSTONES AND MONUMENTS 



IN CEYLON, 



OF HISTOEICAL OR LOCAL INTEREST, 



WITH 



AN OBITUARY OF PERSONS UNCOMMEMORATED. 



BY 



J. PENRY LEWIS, C.M.G. 

Geylon Givil Service, retired. 




'^ ■■-■ ;;'-'^. '' 



fv 



PRINTED BY H. C. COTTLE, GOVERNMENT PRINTER, CEYLON. 
To be purchased at the Govebnmbnt Recobd Office, Colombo, price Rs. 5. 

1913. 



Colombo. 



St. Peter's Church, Fort . . 

Galle Face Burial GroTind. . 

Pettah Burial Ground 

St. Paul's Burial Ground . . 

Wolvendaal Church 

Holy Trinity Church 

Christ Church, Galle Face. . 

Wesleyan Chapel, Pettah . . 

Baptist Church 

St. Lucia's Cathedral 

St. Philip Neri's Church . . 

St. Mary's Church 

St. Anthony's Church 

General Cemetery 

Colombo Museum 

In the Fort 

Museum Grounds 

Cotta 

Wellawatta 

Kalutara. 
Dutch Burial Ground 
Fort 

St. John's Church 
Cemetery 
Bentota . . 

Dutch Chiirchyard 
St. Mary's Church 
Cemetery 
Esplanade 

Galle. 
Dutch Church 
Dutch Cematery 
All Saints' Cemetery 
Wesleyan Chapel 
St. Mary's Cathedral 
St. Mary's Cathedral Cemetery 
Baddegama Church 
Baddegama Churchyard . . 
Ambalangoda 



Negombo. 



Matara. 



Dutch Church 

Dutch Cemetery 

Cemetery 

St. Thomas' Church 

Palliyawatta 

Old Burial Ground 
Ennipitiya Tank 



Tangalla. 



Esplanade 
Cemetery 



Hambantota. 



Jaflna. 



Dutch Church 

Pettah Cemetery 

St. John's Church, Chundikuli 

St. John's Churchyard, Chundikuh 

Nellore . . . . • 

St. Mary's Cathedral 

Wesleyan Chapel 

Christ Church 

Uduvil . . 

Tellipalai 

Batticotta 

Point Pedro 

Kayfcs 

Mannar. 
Fort 

Dutch Burial Ground 
Arippu . . 
Marichchukkaddi 



Kachchillaimadu 

Ault Memorial Hall 

Tandanvenveli 

Town 

Cemetery 

82-09 



Mullaittivu. 



Batticaloa. 



CONTENTS. 








Trincomalee, 




PAGE 




PAGE 


1-27 


Fort Frederick 


. 258 


27-72 


Fort Dutch Burial Ground 


. 259 


72-96 


Fort Church 


. 259-261 


96-101 


Esplanade Burial Ground 


. 261-278 


. . 101-120 


Wesleyan Chapel 


. 278-279 


. . 120-124 


Kottiyar. . 


. 279 


. . 124-127 






. . 127-132 


Kurunegala. 




. . 132-135 


Garrison Burial Ground . . 


279-281 


.. 135 

1 ^K 


Cemetery . . . \ 


. 281 


. . X oo 

.. 136 


Puttalam. 




.. 136 


Old Burial Ground 


. 281 


. . 136-141 
142—144 


Kalpitiya. 




. . 144-145 

.. 145 

. . 146-146 


St. Peter's Church 
Chilaw . . 


. 281-283 
. 283 


Chilaw Cemetery 


.. 284 


.. 146 


Ratnapura. 






Old Cemetery 


. 284-286 


146-147 


Maha Saman Dewale 


. 286-287 


.. 148 


Avisawella 


. 287-288 


.. 148 
148 


Anuradhapura, 




. . 148-149 


Near St. Andrew's Church 

Badulla. 


. 288 


. . 149-153 


Old Cemetery 




. 289-291 


.. 153 


St. Mark's Church 




. 291-293 


. . 154 


St. Mark's Churchyard . 




. 293-294 


.. 154 


Haputale 




. 294 




Diyatalawa 




. 294-295 


. . 155-174 


Kandy. 




. . 175-192 


Old Garrison Cemetery . 




. 295-319 


. . 192-199 


St. Paul's Church 




. 320-330 


.. 199 


Mahayaya Cemetery 




. 330-337 


.. 200 


Holy Trinity Church 




. 337 


.. 201 


Holy Trinity Churchyard . 




. 337 


. . 201-203 


Esplanade 




. 337-339 


.. 203 


Kadugannawa 




. 339-340 


.. 204 


Peradeniya 




. 340-341 




Bladetta . . 




. 341 


. . 205-210 


Legundeniya - 




. 341 


.. 210-211 


Bomure . . 




. 342 


211 


Hingulwala 




. 342 


211 


Kelebokka 




. 343 


211 


St. Andrew's Church, Gampola 


. 343 




Old Burial Ground, Gampola 


. 343-344 


. . 212 


Cemetery, Gampola 




344 


Pussellawa Chxttch 




. 345-347 


212 


Pussellawa Churchyard . 




. 347-349 




Dikoya . . 




. 349-351 


. . 213 


Maskeliya Church 




. 351 


. . 213-214 


Maskehya Churchyard 




. 351-352 




Bogawantalawa Church . 




. 352 


. . 215-227 


Bogawantalawa Churchyard 


. 352-354 


. . 227-231 


Matale. 




. 231-233 

f^ t\ t\ ^\ c\ /^ 


Christ Church 


. 354 


. 233-236 


Christ Churchyard 


. 355-366 


237 
. 237-239 


Wariyapola 


. 356 


. 239-240 


Nuwara Eliya. 




. 240 


Old Cemetery 


. 356-360 


. 241-242 


Holy Trinity Church 




. 360-363 


. 242-243 


Holy Trinity Churchyard. 




. 363-371 


. 243-244 


Roman Catholic Cemetery 




. 371-372 


. 244-245 


Bamboda 




. 372 


. 245 


Dimbula 




. 373 




Tiindula Church 




. 373 


246-249 


Lindula Churchyard 




. -374-376 


" 249 


Talawakele 




. 377-378 


94.Q 


Abbotsford Estate 




. 378 


24<) 


Forest Creek Church 




. 378 


^.rri? 


Forest Creek Churchyard . 




. 379 


. 250 


Agras Church 




. 379 


. 250-263 
. 253 


Obituary of the Uncomme 


morated 


. 380-446 


. 254 


Addenda . . 


. 447 


. 254-268 


Additional Notes 


• 


. 448 -451 



( iv ) 



ERRATA. 

Page 

22 . . No. 40, "J. Reeve" is an error for " F. Reeve." See No. 1013. 

41 . . Line 9 from top, for " 1819 " read " 1818." 

49 . . No. 130, date in second column should be " Aug. 23, 1837." 

56 . . No. 160, for " Francis " read " Frances." 

59 . . No. 175, line 3 of note, for " son" read " daughter." 

61 . . No. 187, end of note, omit " and other poems." " Adam's Peak " was not a poem. 

62 . . No. 194, fifth line of note, for " daughter " read " sister." 

62 .. No. 201, /or " 1856" read " 1866." This entry consequently should have been No. 235. 

68 . . No. 227, date of death should be May 20. 

72 . . Liue 4 from top, omit " for next year he published ' Ceylon : a poem in Three Cantos ' and." 

73 . . No. 253, third column, omit " Magnus." 

74 . . No. 255, line 2 of note, for " aheady blazoned " eubstitute " See No. 360." 

77 . . No. 278, for " Christelyn " read " Castelyn." 

78 . . No. 280, for " Piette " read " Putte." 

78 . . No. 281, omit reference given at end of note and read " See No. 373." 

79 . . First column, for " 628 " read " 285," and for " Charlotte " in third column read " Charlotta." 
81 . . No. 291, read " WiUiam." 

83 . . Fifth verse, for " morn" read " mourn." 

87 .. No. 303, note, line 7 from top, /or " 1811" reod " 1809." 

88 . . No. 309, date should be Nov. 13, not Nov. 23. 
88 . . No. 311, last line of note, read " Jemima." 

93 . . No. 329, for " Lavaliere " read " Lavalliere," and for " Steuart" read " Stuart." 

96 . . Paragraph headed " St. Paul's Burial Ground," hne 3, for " September 25 " read " May 26." 

98 .. No. 341, hne 10 from end of note, /or " Henry " read " George." 

102-120 . . The heading should read " Wolvendaal Church " throughout, not " Wolvendaal Burial Ground." 

107 . . No. 369, note, for " Rhee " read " Reede." 

112 . . No. 379, for " in Bansted " read "at Banstead." 

118 . . No. 398, hne 9 from beginning of note, omit the brackets and letters within them. 

135 .. No. 426, date of death should be "June 27." 

135 .. -No. 427, line 3 of inscription, read "Monte Sancto." 

136 . . No. 428, date of death should be " July 26," line 11 of inscription, for " dev." read " div." In third 

column, " Horatius" should read " Orazio." 

141 .. Line 6 from top, /or " Rathooob " read " Rathooole." 

142 .. No. 451, line 3 of inscription, owi* comma after " d'eiiiE." 

143 . . No. 453, third coliimn, for " Fernando " read " Helena." 
145 . . No. 460, note, " Lembrick " should be " Lambrick." 

147 .. First hne at top. Query whether " riUs " should not read " jets." 

153 . . No. 490, hne 4 from end of note, " August " should be " September 10." 

168 . . No. 506, third column, omit " Reets." 

165 . . No. 536, for " Conjugam " read " Conjugiim." 

167 . . No. 644, reference should be to No. 504, not No. 506. 

174 . . No. 666, last line of note, for " Luke " read " LiUie." 

178 . . Last paragraph on page should come under No. 686, and not where placed. 

179 . . No. 689, omit " the " in inscription. 

180 . . No. 590, last line but one of note, read " Hilliard." 
186 . . No. 611, insert " Waring." 

195 .. No. 669, third column, /or " Flower " read " Inglis." 

200 . . No. 728, note, for " AuraUa " read " Aurelia," and for "Robert BuUer " read " John Dent " 

205 . . Line 13 from top, for " 1769 " read " 1767." 

209 . . No. 756, hne 2 of inscription, omit " (sic)." 

224 .. No. 800, hne 9 from top, read " married at Kayts." 

226 . . No. 810, for " fifth" read " eldest." 

227 . . No. 815, note, line 9 from top, for " 1787 " read " 1757." 
247 . . No. 883, last line but one of note, for " 1904 " read " 1894." 

262 . . Middle of note, for " 73rd " read " 19th." 
Inscription on Mrs. John— .For " D " in fifth line read "Dr.," in seventh line read " Tranquebar " and 

in eighth line for "1821 " read " 1824." 

263 .. No. 938, hne 4 from end of note, omi* " Samuel." 
266 . . No. 961, third column, omit " Johanna Jacoba Stutzer." 

273 . . No. 999, note, in line 7 from end, " three " should be " four," and in last hne but one " 1853 " should be 
" 1866." 

274 .. No. 1011, /or "C" read "G." 

283 .. No. 1061, last line, omii "the." 

284 . . " 1821 " should be " 1824." 
290 . . Insert "Nicholson" after " Brinsley." 

300 . . No. 1099, for " 1844 " read " 1846." 

301 . . No. 1104, note, second paragraph, for " Madras " read " Europe." 
308 . . No. 1139, note, first line, for." H " read " N." 
343 . . No. 1286, read " Gampola, so that." 

347 .. No. 1297, note, last paragraph. Possibly " brother " should be " son." 

351 . . No. 1334, see " Nos. 616 and 1231." 

363 . . No. 1354, note, for " Guildford " read " Guilford." 

354 . . No. 1369, " 1417 " should be " 1392." 

372 .. Paragraph headed " Ramboda Churchyard, &c.," sixth line from commencsment, for "unknown" 

read " unhewn". 

421 . . Last line but six, " Kalutara " should be " Kalpitiya." 



264 



INTRODUCTION. 



" There be of them that have left a name behind them, 
* * * * 

And some there be, which have no memorial." 

Eooleaiasticus XLIV., 8, 9. 

The idea of compiling a list of Ceylon inscriptions on the tombs and monuments of Europeans 
was suggested by the pubUcation, a few years ago, of similar lists for Madras by Mr. J. J. Cotton M C S 
and for Bengal by the late Mr. C. R. Wilson. 

2. The Dutch inscriptions have for the most part been pubhshed by Mr. Leopold Ludovici in 
" Lapidarium Zeylanicum," a praiseworthy and pioneer effort to deal with the subject, and the numerous 
omissions and inaccuracies which characterize it have been supplied and corrected by Mr. F. H. de Vos 
in papers appearing in the Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. But the English 
mscriptions, with the exception of a few, published from time to time in Ceylon newspapers and periodicals, 
and a number of " Triacomalee Inscriptions to 1871," privately printed by the late Mr. R. Massie, C.C.S.! 
have been hitherto unrecorded. 

3. The field in Ceylon is, of course, much more circumscribed, though it must be confessed that 

the dimensions which this work, almost unwittingly on the part of the compiler, has ultimately attained 

are not calculated to create that impression. But it seemed a pity that steps should not be taken to 

record the monumental inscriptions of historical or local interest in the Island which have survived 

the ravages of time and the ruthless hands of the utiUtarian and the vandal. Most of the Portu<^uese 

inscriptions, which would have been invaluable to the historian, have disappeared — there are only a 

dozen left — owing chiefly to these natural enemies, but some of them to other causes which are, perhaps, 

unique. We are told by Saar, a German soldier in the Dutch Company's Service, that the Dutch sailors 

broke up the tombstones in the churches and in a monastery outside the Fort of Jaffna and used the pieces 

to load their mortars with, and that these missiles were daily thrown into the town along with the 

grenades and proved most destructive, so that the unfortimate Portuguese were destroyed by the tombs 

of their progenitors and relatives which they had piously erected to their" memory.* Within the last 

quarter of a century, if the statements in a Portuguese periodicalf be correct, the tombstone of the 

first Portuguese Primate, who died in 1536, and of the Sinhalese King of Cotta, Don Joao Perera Pandar 

Dharmapala, who died in 1607, a convert to Christianity, suffered simUar destruction at the hands, 

not of enemies but of friends, and were broken up, not for munitions of war, but for incorporation in the 

foundations of the largest and most stately church in the Island. The tomb of Don Joao, which had a 

Portuguese inscription, was in the Dutch Church which occupied the site of the Gordon Gardens, and 

was removed to Wolvendaal in 1813. The result of these depredations by foes, by friends, and by the 

indifferent is that at the present day there are in existence only some sixteen stones engraved with 

Portuguese inscriptions, while the Madras Presidency can show five or six times thenumber, though many 

of the latter, it is true, are comparatively modern. Another tombstone of the Portuguese period that 

has disappeared, though the inscription has been recorded,J is that of one of their greatest generals 

and administrators, Philip de OUveyra, who is described as having commanded, not only among his 

own countrymen but among the Tamils, affection as well as respect. It was in the chapel within the 

Fort at Jaffna, which had been dedicated at his instance to " Our Lady of Miracles,"§ that he was 

buried, and his tombstone was probably destroyed or disappeared when the Dutch repaired the Fort 

and built a new church, not on the site of the Portuguese chapel, but on the opposite side of the Fort 

green, in 1707. The memorial at Mannar of the wife of a " Captain of Mannar " of the time of the 

Spanish Armada was more fortunate. . It escaped the Dutch gunners to serve English officials as a pig 

trough and a horse trough, but now it has found a permanent pedestal in the church within the fort 

which Don Joao de Mello commanded, and probably within a few yards of the spot where his wife, 

Donna Maria Lacerda, died. 

- 4. The oldest Portuguese inscription is that engraved on a rock near the Breakwater, which to 
the compiler at least, seems to indicate that some adventurers or captives of that race must have touched 
a.t Colombo in 1501, though the visit is nowhere else recorded, and the accepted date for the first landing 
of the Portuguese in Ceylon has hitherto been 1505, 

5. The Dutch memorials have escaped wholesale destruction, but many of them have disappeared 
owing to the carelessness and want of reverence for the past displayed by their successors and descendants. 
Trincomalee, Battiealoa, Mannar, Kalpitiya, or, to give it its more melodious Portuguese name, Calpentyn, 
and Kalutara, all important places in Dutch times, must have lost many. At Trincomalee, for instance, 
there was to be seen in 1791 the tomb of Jan Willem Schorer, a member of a noble Dutch family, stiU 
to the fore in Holland, and also that of his wife, a Van Citters, but now search is made in vain for them. 
At Jaffna was found.the tombstone of the wife of another, " Wei Edelen Heer," but it had been cut in 
two and formed part of the floor of the verandah of a house, with nearly all the lettering carefuUy and 

• Journal R.A.S. (C.B.), Vol. XI., p. 312. 

t " Jomal des Colonias " of September 27, 1886. See Journal R.A.S. (C.B.), Vol. XI., p. 312. 
± In the " List " this inscription should have appeared under " Jaffna " and not under " Colombo." 
§ Not " Our Lady of a Thousand Acres" as it was once translated, the g of " Milagres " having been mistaken 
for a c. 



( vi ) 

laboriously chipped out. The modest and easily portable stone that once covered the remains of the 
third wife of Captain Thomas Nagel , the first and last Dutch Administrator of the Wanni , had been removed 
four miles out of the town to serve a similar purpose in the bungalow of a coconut estate. In Galle two 
burial grounds reserved by the Dutch for the burial of their dead have been turned by the British 
to the uses of the Uving, one as a market place, the other, hke many in the city of London, is now partly 
built over and partly a garden. These alterations involved the dispersion of the tombstones, some 
were cut up for building purposes, others served excellently for covering in the drains of the Fort, 
and were themselves covered in many feet deep. One that was years in the old Kaohcheri compound at 
Galle, and had often been seen there by the compiler, mysteriously disappeared when the Government 
of&ces were removed to new quarters, but was ultimately rediscovered in a recently constructed drain, 
and three others were found in other Fort drains. One of those fortunately recovered, which was once 
probably in the Groote Kerk, gives us further information about a personage who is mentioned by Dutch 
seventeenth century annalists. It is that of Captain Burchart Coq or Koch, the German officer in the 
Dutch Company's service, who, on November 16, 1659, at Batavia, gave his countryman, Johan Jacob 
Saar, his discharge. He himself was killed by a soldier at Galle three years later, and his tombstone is 
the oldest memorial of a European there. 

A recent discovery in the Dutch Church at Jaffna, of the tombstone of the young wife of the 
Rev. Bartholomeusz Heynen, who had been Predikant there, " affords the clue to Heynen's removal 
to Galle, of which his colleague Baldseus complains that he ' had been thrown with a shng ' to Galle, 
where his Tamil was of no use, and where he had to learn Sinhalese. Heynen, whose abilities Baldseus 
testifies to, had been sent to Ceylon with another Predikant, Maxwel, from Batavia in 1665, and this 
removal, according to Valentyn, was lamented by the Batavian congregation." Heynen returned to 
Batavia in 1696. This is an instance of the way in which " the Uterature of the tombstone," to quote 
Mr. Cotton, throws a fight on or supplements contemporary records. 

6. The tombstones of five or six eminent persons, which were in 1813 removed from the Fort 
Dutch Church to Wolvendaal, have, in spite of the desire of the authorities to preserve them which this 
action evinced , disappeared from the face of the earth . The loss of two of these is specially to be regretted — 
those of General Hulft, who commanded the Dutch forces at the siege of Colombo in 1656, and of Don 
Joao Perera Pandar Dharmapala , already mentioned . The General had a stately monument in this church , 
every vestige of which has disappeared. Of the destruction of the tomb of the Sinhalese king, a possible 
explanation has been referred to. Some of these vanished tombstones may be rediscovered when 
St. Peter's Church in the Fort is dismantled, if, as tradition says, they have been utilized to serve a 
similar purpose for British officials. 

7. Other Dutch memorials have disappeared, but of their purport there is some record. We 
are indebted for this to Dr. Daniel Havart's valuable work, " Op-en Ondergang van Coromandel," 
pubUshed in 1693, in which he records a large number of mortuary inscriptions on Dutch officials and 
members, of their famifies, who are buried in the various settlements on the Coromandel Coast. He 
mentions those on the tombs of Abraham Carters, merchant, who came from Masufipatam to Jaffna 
in 1659, and died the following year in the Island — where exactly is not known, and of Jan Jansz Somer, 
a jeweller, also of Masulipatam, who " being stricken with the prevailing pestilence in 1688 left for Europe, 
but reaching Galle on October 3, died on November 20, and was buried in the ordinary graveyard 
there."* The verses on his tombstone are quoted by Havart. He also gives us interesting details 
which supplement the information conveyed by memorials stiU existing in stone. For instance, we learn 
from him the cause of the death of Hercules Lindebom, whose tombstone, originaUy in the Fort 
Dutch Church, is now at Wolvendaal. He died of snake bite, and the misadventure befel him in his own 
garden. It is strange that this is not recorded on his tomb, for old mortuary records, unfike those of 
the present day, went much into detail, often stating the age of the deceased in years , months, and days, 
and the exact moment of his death. Liadebom had served in various capacities under the Company, his 
last appointment in India beiag that of " Opperhoofd " of Bimfipatam. He left for Ceylon in 1661, and 
was Captain of the Burgherage at Colombo. At the time of his death he owed the Company 12,000 
guilders. Two of his daughters, aged sixteen and seventeen, are buried at PuUcat, and the epitaph on 
one of them is enfivened (if we may be aUowed the word in such a connection) by a doggerel four-line acrostic 
on her name Sara, " having the four letters of the word at the beginning, middle, and end of the line."j- 

8. There are some 225 Dutch inscriptions in Ceylon, as against about 250 in the Madras 
Presidency. They range from 1662, four years after the Dutch had finally established themselves, to 
1836 , forty years after they had lost their Ceylon dominions , and it may be said that their language lingered 
in Ceylon for about half a century after the extinction of their rule, to be brought back to a transient 
sojourn there, and again to a more permanent existence in mortuary inscriptions, by the Boer prisoners 
at the beginning of the present century. The older Dutch inscriptions have preserved for us the names 
of about one hundred servants of the Dutch Company, of about as many of their wives and " Jonge 
Dogters," and of forty of their young children. 

9. The oldest Engfish inscription is that commemorating a captain of the Navy, whose ship, 
the Princess Mary, called at Trincomalee in 1748, possibly for the purpose of his burial on shore. There 
are but five others of the eighteenth century. An " angelick infant," daughter of Alexander Davidson, 
the " Chief of Vizagapatam" under the East India Company, was buried at Batticaloa in 1779, and 
C'aptain WiUiam Kirton of the same Company, whose ship, the Elizabeth, a " snow," which was a vessel 
resembfing a brig but with the addition of a top sail mast immediately abaft the main mast, was at Galle 
three months before the English captured the place, was interred in the kerk-hof there in December, 
1795. At Negombo a tall obelisk marks the resting place of Lieutenant Hetherington of the 52nd 
Regiment, who died on the day the British forces occupied that place, February 9, 1796. All these 
persons received sepulture in Ceylon earth before it had actually become British. The two remainino- 
inscriptions are those on the monuments of Major Petrie and Dr. John Ewart in the Pettah Cemetery 
at Colombo. There is a tablet to Mrs. Grace Beck in the Dutch Church at Galle, who died less than 



* D. W. Ferguson in Ceylon Observer of December 22, 1905. 
t Cotton, p. 190. 



( vii ) 

a month after the begmning of the new century. The identity and entourage of this lady are lost, as 
tar as the compiler is concerned, in the impenetrable fog of oblivion which envelopes most people of a 
past day, but she has the distinction of being the earliest Enghshwoman commemorated in the Island. 

•14. ■^'^■^e'"^ *^® ^'"^* thirty years of the nineteenth century the inscriptions commemorate civil and 
mihtary officers and members of their families. " Ceylon in 1825 contained four regiments of European 
soldiers, two of native troops, and an exclusive and highly paid Civil Service. The merchants were few, and 
their energies were depressed and cramped by Government monopoHes. Trade was a petty huckstering, 
ihe European planter and landholder were unknown."* This picture is in the main correct, but the 
first coffee estate had been opened in 1824, and there were at that time some European planters and 
proprietors of land. The first Ceylon planter died in 1837, but no memorial of any is found earher 
than 1843. An EngUsh tradesman of Colombo was the first non-ofiicial person to have his name placed, 
m 1816, on his tombstone, and the first Enghsh merchant achieved, among the departed mihtary and 
civilians of the Galle Pace Cemetery, a hke mortuary distinction ten years later. 

11. The paucity of memorials of officers of the 19th, 51st, and 73rd Regiments is remarkable. 
The 19th was for over twenty-three years in the Island, and " throughout the whole of this period preserved 
the highest reputation, and distinguished itself for every quality which is honourable to the soldier either in 
war or peace."t It shared with the 51st, another Yorkshire Regiment, the rigours and reverses of first 
Kandyan war, and with Regiments, Scotch and Irish respectively, the 73rd and 83rd, the prolonged 
guerilla warfare and exposure of the Uva RebelHon. The 19th in its long tour of service, which 
exceeded that of afay other British regiment in the Island, lost by death 42 officers, 8 of them in 
action ; the 51st during seven years lost a dozen, 1 in the Kandy massacre and 7 from the fevers and 
other diseases resultant on the campaign of 1803 ; the 73rd, in its second term of service of seven years, 
lost 20, 1 in action, and most, if not all, of the remainder from the effects of the Uva campaign. 
But of all these, only 9 of the 19th, 1 of the 51st, and 7 of the 73rd have any memorials. The 83rd, 
with 18 deaths among its officers during its twelve years of service, was more fortunate. Nine of them 
are commemorated, as well as 6 of its non-commissioned officers and privates ; whereas there is not a 
single tombstone to be found of any non-commissioned officer or man of the other regiments named. 
Among these memorials of the 83rd in the Galle Face Cemetery are to be found those of four veterans 
of the Peninsular War, a captain, two lieutenants, and a sergeant, who was wounded at Badajoz, but 
" received a mortal woimd at Panella during the Uva Rebellion and died at Colombo like a good 
Christian." 

12. In fact, very few of the officers and men who fell or lost their lives in, or from the sequelse of, 
the Ceylon campaigns of 1803, 1815, and 1817-18 have any memorial, and one is inclined to think that 
some of the name plates on the ponderous " table" or " altar" tombs of the fashion of the time which 
are to be seen crumbling away at Kandy, BaduUa, and Batticaloa must have been carried away and 
" converted into currystones." In any case it seems a pity that no monuments of these campaigns have 
been erected at Kandy or at BaduUa. On the adjoining continent most of the numerous small wars, 
which have from time to time disturbed its tranquillity, have their appropriate memorials erected by 
the Company or the Government. Such a cenotaph might at least have been dedicated by the Ceylon 
Government to the memory of Sylvester Douglas Wilson of the Civil Service, a victim to duty, whose 
murder marked the outbreak of rebellion in Uva. His young wife's tomb at Badulla has been bodily 
lifted skyTvards by a grasping but discriminating bo-tree. 

V. It was probably the East India Company that erected in the Pettah Burial Ground its most 

conspicuous monument, the obelisk that commemorates Major Petrie, the officer who captured Cochin 
in 1795 when in command of the 77th Regiment, and who also took part with that regiment in the 
capture of Colombo. With him in the same regiment in both these expeditions was Captain Alexander 
Lawrence of the 19th Foot, father of Sir Henry Lawrence, who was bom at Matara, where Captain 
Lawrence was afterwards Commandant, of Lord Lawrence, and of another son buried in the Dutch 
Church there. 

13. The Church of St. Peter in the Fort is a historic landmark shortly to disappear — an additional 
reason why there should be preserved an authentic record of the memorials that it contains. These are 
chiefly of civil and mihtary officers of note. Four of them are known to have been buried within its walls : 
WiUiam Tolfrey of the Civil Service, Archdeacon Twisleton, Mr. Justice Henry Matthews, and Captain 
Dawson, whose monument dominates the Kadugannawa Pass. ToKrey, besides being a Sinhalese and Pali 
scholar, had fotfght at Assaye, and his description of that hard fought field used, we are told, to thrill his 
hearers. The interment of the first Archdeacon of Colombo within the walls of St. Peter's took place several 
months after his death at Hambantota, so we learn from the Rev. Mr. Spence Hardy, who was present at 
the ceremony. The Archdeacon was a good classical scholar, and the Latin epitaphs on two of his children 
and on the infant child of Colonel John Wilson in the Pettah Burial Groimd and on Sir William Coke 
in the church were probably written by him. He was certauily the author of the lengthy eulogium en 
Lady Louisa Rodney, which is transcribed on her monument in St. Peter's. The tombstone of Henry 
Matthews lies in the centre passage of the church, and is usually covered by matting, but he has a tablet 
as well. The other graves are not so marked. Henry Matthews, the father of Lord Llandaff, was the 
son of John Matthews of Belmont, a beautiful seat in Herefordshire on the Wye. His father, though a 
physician and colonel of the local volunteers, was also a poet, probably local too. He was a typical 
Herefordshire squire. Henry was wont to attend his father in the latter's declining days, and every 
night as the old man's head settled into his pillow, he used to repeat to his son, in his Herefordshire 
dialect, the complacent formula : " I tell yer, 'Enery, I think the most comfortablest place in the world 
is bed-fur-there ye forgets all ye're cares." At Eton Henry was " a reckless madcap, driving tandem 
through the town, and once lighting a bonfire on the floor of Long Chamber."t He became a Fellow 
of King's College, Cambridge. His " Diary of an Invalid " reached a fifth edition, and was appreciated 
by Byron. 



* Colombo Observer, of January 20, 1842. 

t General Order of January 17, 1820. 

{ " Reminiscences of Oxford," by the Rev. W. Thackwell, 1901. 



( viii ) 

14. Sir William Eough, to whom there is a memorial tablet, was also, perhaps, more distinguished 
as a literary man than as a lawyer. He had certainly distinguished literary associates, Coleridge, 
Wordsworth, Walter Savage Landor, and Henry Kirke White, and a notorious poHtical connection in 
his wife's father, John Wilkes. Another judge commemorated in St. Peter's, whose name is liaked 
with literature, is John Frederick Stoddart, whose father. Sir John Stoddart, Chief Justice of Malta, 
was a friend of Lamb and Coleridge. The latter ■visited the Stoddarts at Malta in 1804, the year before 
the Cejdon judge was bom. Sir John Stoddart's sister, Sarah, married WiUiam HazUtt. His son just 
missed having his epitaph written by Chief Justice Sir Anthony Oliphant, father of the famous writer, 
traveller, and mystic, Laurence OHphant. Sir Anthony made several attempts, and his final draft 
recited that " he fell a victim to fever and dysentery in the 28th year of his age," that he " was eminent 
for integrity and independence of character, for great legal attainments at an early age, for indefatigable 
and scrupulous attention to aU his duties as a judge," and that he " had gained the confidence of the 
natives of Ceylon in a very remarkable degree." But the meeting which was called on September 20, 
1839, to decide the question of a memorial selected the shorter composition which is engraved on his 
tablet, preferring it to Sir Anthony's, which perhaps reads rather like the farewell speeches addressed by 
" the local bar " to civihan judges changing station. 

15. Sir Hardinge Giffard, a scholarly Chief Justice with literary leanings, and uncle of a late 
Lord Chancellor, the Earl of Halsbury, died at sea, and has no monument in St. Peter's or anywhere else 
that I have been able to discover. He published a smaU paper-covered volume of poems at Colombo 
in 1822, the best, perhaps, being an EngUsh rendering of the " Sirmio " of Catullus. Another is addressed 
to " Kandi," but is not at all flattering to that pleasant moimtain capital, chiefly on account of its 
inaccessibihty — a defect which was to be remedied by Sir Edward Barnes and Captain Dawson two 
years after the sonnet was written, which was in 1820. As the booklet is now quite as inaccessible to 
the Ceylon resident as the town used to be, the only copy the compiler has seen being in the British 
Museum library, there is some excuse for reproducing the poem here : — 

" Marshes and quagmires, puddles, pools, and swamps, 
Dark matted jungles and long plashy plains. 
Exhaling fcetid airs and mortal damps, 
By Kandian perfidy miscalled a Road, 
Through which the luckless traveller must wade, 
Uncheared by sight of man — or man's abode, 
Gladly I give to you these farewell strains. 
Nor e'er again would your repose invade. 
I loathe your noisome fogs — ^your poisonous mud, 
And the sad stillness of the sultry wood, 
Without a sound the sickening heart to cheer. 
Oh, when shall I the western breezes hear, 
Bearing old Ocean's intermittent roar. 
As wave succeeding wave, assails the sounding shore ? " 

Evidently the Chief Justice had to get to Kandy at the burst of one of the monsoons to hold sessions. 

16. Pour Chief Justices and a Puisne Judge who acted as Chief Justice for over two years died in 
the Island, and it is a curious coincidence that they should all of them have borne the Christian name 
of William— Sir William Coke, Sir William Rough, Sir WiUiam Ogle Carr (not " Sir WiUiam O'Carr," 
as Mr. WiUiam Digby caUs him, converting him into a counterfeit Irishman), Sir WiUiam Carpenter 
Rowe, whose tomb is at GaUe, and Sir William Hackett, who died at Nuwara Eliya in 1877 of cholera. 
Coke was at Westminster with Twisleton and D'Oyly, and Rough was also a Westminster boy, but while 
Coke was elected to the chief foundation, " the House," at Oxford, Rough proceeded to the leading 
Cambridge coUege, and D'Oyly also went to Cambridge ; Twisleton's alma mater I have not been able to 
discover. Coke , judging from his epitaph , and from the Gazette notices of his death , was highly appreciated 
as a lawyer and for his social quaUties. But he does not seem to have shown any literary leanings. 
Among the scanty memorials of the long-disused burial ground of St. Paul's, behind Wolvendaal Church, 
is one to the infant son of another Chief Justice, Sir WiUiam Norris, to whom the name of WiUiam, 
so far as Ceylon was concerned, was not fatal. This boy was a brother of W. E. Norris, the successful 
noveUst, and of Lady Havelook, wife of a late Governor. 

17. Classical scholars belonging to the Civil Service were Sir John D'Oyly, also an orientalist, 
and Henry Augustus MarshaU, neither of whom ever re-visited England. But MarshaU's sojourn in the 
Island of 42 years was nearly twice as long as that of D'Oyly, which was 22. The Hon. Frederick North's 
description of MarshaU as a youth of 23 is as amusing as Sir James Mackintosh's reference to D'Oyly 
as " a Cingalese hermit prematurely old at 35." The Governor, writing on February 3, 1800, to the Hon. 
Henry Dundas, on Secret Committee of the Court of Directors of the East India Company, says of 
MarshaU : " I am much obhged to you for the notice you have been pleased to take of MarshaU and his 
wife. He is a young feUow of good parts and considerable erudition, but a httle of what we used to call 
at Eton ' a pretending feUow,' owing to his having Uved too much with fine feUows in that noisy chaos, 
Devonshire House. I hope his marrying as comfortably as he has done wiU cure him of that defect.'' 
MarshaU had married, at St. Helena, on his way out to Ceylon in 1798-99, Miss Brooke, daughter of the 
Governor of that Island, Colonel Robert Brooke. The period from 1815 to 1833, though httle is known 
of it, is one of which the Civil Service has reason to be proud. 

18. The pathetic appeal on the ramparts of the old Fort at Kalutara to the casual visitor or, 
perhaps, the Pubhc Works officer of a future time to " respect and spare the remains of our lost child " 
was doubtless the work of the Hon. John Rodney himself, but he or some one of his friends must have 
been a reader of Addison, for the concluding paragraph of the epitaph is a quotation from a fragment 
of the lost play of '' Aphrodosius " by Aristophanes, which he or his friend must have met with in the 
" Spectator."* 

19. Other great names in the world of hterature are recaUed by the tombs of Admiral Charles 
Austen, one of Jane Austen's two naval brothers, at Trincomalee,t and of a cousin of Thackeray's at 
Jaffna. 



* No. 289, " On Death." 

t His body was sent ofi in H.M.S. Eattler to be taken to England for bvixial, but was buried at Trinoomalee instead. 



( ix ) 

20. _ A tombstone, fortunately retrieved some years ago at Kandy from the original burial ground 
of the British troops there, which is now an undefined plot of ground hidden away under the dense shade 
and humus of a cacao plantation at the foot of " One Tree Hill," is that of Captain McGlashan, who had 
passed unscathed through the battles of Busaco, Albuera, and Waterloo to die of fever at Kandy. Two 
lieutenants, one of the 73rd, who was severely wounded at Waterloo, and the other of the 66th, who had 
lost an arm at Albuera, Ke in unknown graves at Matara and at Trincomalee. In 1841 there were three, 
if not four, Waterloo veterans in Ceylon,* but none of them died in the Island. 

21. Neither did any Ceylon Governor nor any Bishop of Colombo, though Sir Edward Barnes, 
ksir Henry Ward, and Sir William Gregory are commemorated by statues. Sir James Longden by a brass 
m St. Peter's, and Bishop Chapman by the Bishop's throne ia the pro-cathedral church at Mutwal. Sir 
Edward Barnes, in the simulacrum of his statue by Weeks, stands at the top of Prince street in the Fort, 
whence he regards the first stage of the road to Kandy which he completed, and seems as if about to 
take off his coat, or rather miUtary cloak, to begin the stupendous undertaking. Sir William Gregory 
turns his broad back and Herculean shouldersf on the Museum that he founded, and Sir Henry Ward 
contemplates in perpetuity the placid waters of the Kandy lake. The Colony also possesses an excellent 
painting of Sir Edward Barnes, by John Wood, R.A., which for many years hung in the United Services 
Library, Kandy. 

22. It appeared to the compiler that this List of Inscriptions might well be supplemented by 
an Obituary of persons who have not been commemorated in this way. Many of them, were just as 
important or as interesting in their day and generation as their more fortunate contemporaries, but 
through accident' or heedlessness or iU-hap they have never received this last tribute. Among them are 
the last Dutch Governor of Ceylon, three high officials of the Dutch Company, one of them renowned as 
a botanist, the widow of the Governor of Coromandel, the Colonel of the Eegiment de Luxembourg, who 
fell in opposing the British attack in Colombo, two Commandeurs of Jaffna, and the last Commandeur 
of Galle. Erom the Enghsh period we have two officers in command of the troops in Ceylon, one who 
began his military career at the age of twelve, spent most of his Hfe in fighting in the wars with America 
and France, died a Major-General of 39. In this list also are two commanding officers of British 
regiments, one of whom had survived the disastrous Walcheren expedition and the perils of the Peninsular 
War, two other Peninsular and Waterloo heroes, and a Deputy Inspector-General of Hospitals, who had 
also been through the Peninsular War, and dying in Ceylon, received a public funeral. Two other officers 
who received public funerals, but no memorial in Ceylon, haye monuments elsewhere : Captain Hardinge, 
R.N., and Major Beaver of the 19th Regiment. To this same company of the forgotten belong the fiJst 
Advocate Fiscal under the British regime, the first civil administrator of the Northern Province, and 27 
other members of the Civil Service, one of the first Surveyor-Generals (a Lieutenant-Colonel of the 
Royal Engineers), the second Archdeacon of Colombo, and the pioneer coffee planter. 

23. In this " Obituary," the meagre entry from St. Peter's register relating to the burial on 
March 19, 1815, of " Philip, son of the Prince De BuiUon D'Auvergne," recalls one of the most remark- 
able of the " Vicissitudes of Families." We learn from the book bearing that name that " a short time 
before the French Revolution, Godfrey, Duke of Bouillon, chief of his ancient family of De la Tour 
D'Auvergne, finding the prospect of a lineal successor to his illustrious house destroyed by the death of 
his second son, Charles, a Knight of Malta, and the infirmity of his eldest son, James Leopold, was 
induced to seek among his relatives for some one on whom he might fix as a successor to his titles and 
vast wealth." A member of the Jersey family of D'Auvergne, PhiHp, who was a lieutenant in the 
Navy, happened to be a prisoner of war in France at this tiirte, and the Duke sought him out and arranged 
in 1791 to make him his heir. This act was duly ratified by the authorities of the Duchy, and Philip 
D'Auvergne was put into possession of his inheritance and governed his Duchy for a few months. He 
reached the rank of admiral in the British Navy, and it was when his ship, H.M.S. Africaine, 
was calling at Colombo that the death of his son, a midshipman, in his seventeenth year, occurred there. 
But the Prince de Rohan brought an action against him, claiming the title and estates, and in the year 
after he had lost his son at Colombo (who, however, was not legitimate), the Admiral was deprived of 
them by the Congress of Vieima. He died on September 16, 1816, and is buried in St. Margaret's, 
Westminster. Not a member of the Admiral's branch of the family remains. J 

24. It is a pity that some of these inscriptions and n'otices of deaths do not give us just a little 
more information than they do. How came it, for instance, that twin brothers who had grown up to 
man's estate, like the Van Kempens, came by their death on the same day, January 9, 1688 ? There are 
several other instances in these hsts. At Negombo, where there was but a small garrison, there died on 
May 24, 1695, Anthony van der Veen and Maria, the " chaste, pious wife of " Sergeant Anthony van 
Holten. This may be the sole hint that we have of some tragedy, now completely lost, of which we shall 
never know the particulars. We know that the cause of the death on the same day, October 8, 1826, 
at Hambantota, of Captain and Mrs. Drieberg was the fever which then prevailed in that district, and 
to the same cause or to cholera, which made its first appearance in Ceylon in that year, were probably 
due the deaths on two consecutive days of Major Vallance and his wife at Batticaloa in August, 1819. 
The deaths of a Master Attendant of Trincomalee and of his wife also occurred on the same day at 
Trincomalee in June, 1822, and may be attributed to cholera, but the Gazette notice omits to mention 
the cause, though usually the obituary notices published in the Gazette of this period were not 
paraimonious of words, and those relating to the two commandants and their wives inform their readers that 
they left their young and numerous families " totally unprovided for." 

25. The only Englishman known to have died from snake bite in Ceylon lies in a nameless grave 
at Jaffna ; it is impossible now to ascertain even the whereabouts of the graves of two soldiers and two 
planters of the seven Englishmen who were killed by elephants. 

26. It is instructive to inquire how many of the Ceylon worthies iacluded in these lists have obtained 
recognition in the Dictionary of National Biography.. Their number is surprisingly small. They are, 

* The Colombo Observer says four, including among them Sir Robert Arbuthnot, but the General, though he had 
been through nearly every battle ia the Peninsular War, does not seem to have been at Waterloo, 
t Actually his figure was " slight and deUcate, though his head was massive." — (D. N. B.) 
t Notes and Queries, 11 S. v., pp. 153, 273. 

82-09 



( X ) 

in caddition the five Governors already named : of the Civil Service, Wilham Tolfrey, Sir John D'Oyly, 
and George Tumour ; of judicial officers, Sir Hardinge Giffard, Sir William Rough, and Mr. Heniy 
Matthews ; of fighting men. Captain Hardinge and Captain James Armar Butler, the hero of Silistria ;, 
of scientific men. Doctors Gardner, Thwaites, and Trimen ; and an artist, Samuel Daniell, one of the 
" Uncommemorated." The Hon. John Eodney and Henry Byerley Thomson are mentioned incidentally 
in notices of their more distinguished fathers. 

There was no room for Major Petrie, the conqueror of Cochin ; for Colonel Barbut, that energetic 
soldier and admioistrator, whose zeal saved in all probabUity the life of Governor North at Dambadeniya, 
but cost him his own ; or for Major Willerman, to whom, as Governor Brownrigg, who got the credit of it, 
himself witnessed, the success of the second was largely due. Other men of action are also absent ; the 
indefatigable Major Rogers, " the most prominent planting pioneer and the most famous sportsman 
Ceylon ever saw," eminent also in his civil administration, the regenerator of Uva ; General Fraser, 
whose long service in the Island included two campaigns, and the construction of the unique and 
graceful satinwood bridge at Peradeniya, which lasted the greater part of a century ; Phihp Acland Dyke, 
" the Rajah of the North," whose chief monument, which will outlive the " Dictionary," is the well- 
roaded and prosperous Jaffna Peninsula ; John Frederick Dickson,* the creator and organizer of the 
North-Central Province. We look in vain for two of the earliest students of Buddhist literature, 
Daniel Gogerly and Robert Spence Hardy ; for the compUer of the first Sinhalese grammar written by 
an EngUshman, James Chater, who was biu-ied at sea ; for the first writer on the botany of the Island,. 
Alexander Moon, or on its fauna, Edward Kelaart, also buried at sea ; for its ablest Ceylonese journalist 
and advocate, Charles Lorenz, or its most distinguished Ceylonese physician. Dr. Anthonisz. Sir Charles 
Marshall and Sir William Coke, who were, perhaps, quite as distinguished judges as Sir William Rough, 
Sir Hardinge Gifiard, or Henry Matthews, are missing from the Dictionary. But, then, they were not 
literary. Sir Charles Marfshall merely fought a duel with General Sir John Wilson, and left Ceylon his 
" Judgments." 

27. These omissions give us pause. One cannot help feeling that a more intimate knowledge 
of the Island on the part of the compilers and biographers of the Dictionary would have resulted in the 
inclusion of some at least of these names, but at the same time we must beware of imitating the people 
of whom it was remarked that " all their geese are swans." 

28. My thanks are due to the Government Agents and Assistant Government Agents and other 
members of the Civil Service and the ecclesiastical authorities who assisted and co-operated in the 
transcription of these epitaphs, especially to Messrs. CM. Lushington, H. R. Freeman, C. R. Cumberland, 
C. S. Vaughan, G. M. Cookson, P. Bartlett, E. Sueter, and G. W. Woodhouse, also to the Government 
Archivist (Mr. R. G. Anthonisz), Mr. James Ryan, and Major M. LI. Ferrar, late of the Alexandra, 
Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire) Regiment, formerly the 19th Foot, and present editor of the 
regimental magazine, the " Green Howards ' Gazette," for information embodied in the notes. Mr. John 
Ferguson, C.M.G., kindly suppKed me with a copy of Mr. R. Massie's book on Trincomalee Inscriptions, 
and Mr. H. W. Cave with the excellent photograph of the tomb of Sir John D'Oyly, which forms the 
frontispiece. To Mr. J. J. Cotton, M.C.S., and Mr. F. H. de Vos I owe much in the correction of proofs. 
Mr. deVoswith great good nature wrote most of the notes on, and transcribed aU of, the Dutch inscrip- 
tions. The Ceylon Government allowed the compiler much time and latitude, and the Government 
Printer, Mr. H. 0. Cottle, exhibited the greatest patience and care over repeated corrections and addi- 
tions to a work which intermittently occupied the attention which he could spare from business of more 
pressing importance. 

J. P. LEWIS. 



Walton-by-Glevedon, 
Somerset, 1913. 



'■ The statement on p. 326 as to his inclusion is incorrect. 



A LIST 



OF 



THE INSCRIPTIONS ON TOMBS OR MONUMENTS IN CEYLON 

POSSESSING HISTORICAL OR LOCAL INTEREST. 



COLOMBO. 

St. Peter's Church, Fort. 



The massive old building with thick walls and large door-windows in the Fort, facing the harbour, was 
formerly the residence of the Dutch Governors, in which all Council Meetings took place (see Sir Alexander 
Swettenham's note in the Report on the Colombo Museum of 1901). 

The picture by Reimers in the Rijks Museum, Amsterdam, of which there is a copy in the Colombo Museum, 
is supposed to show the interior when it served this purpose. It was the " Government House " of the first few 
years of the Hon. Frederick North's rule. According to Captain Percival, the British troops in his time (1796-1800) 
attended Wolvendaal Church, as the church which occupied " the upper end of the parade " (the present Gordon 
Gardens) had never been finished by the Dutch,* and on account of the inconvenience to the troops of the march 
to the Wolvendaal Church "in this sultry cKmate," Governor North was about to roof the Dutch Church in the 
Fort, but this project was never carried out. Instead, Government House, which in 1803 was in the occupation 
of General Macdowal, was converted into a church for their use, no doubt in 1804, on the General's vacating it. 
He left Ceylon in March (he was thanked for his services by the Governor on March 1), and in the Gazette of 
March 14 a notice was published announcing that " Divine service wiU be held at Government House on Sunday at 
4.30 P.M. imtil further notice." The registers, too, date from 1804. This went on until January 1, 1806, when 
the service was transferred to Wolvendaal Church, at 5 p.m. But St. Peter's was shortly afterwards (when, I 
cannot say exactly) reverted to, and became again the official and garrison church. 

From December 27, 1818, service was held at 11 a.m. instead of at 10, and evening service at 4.30 p.m. 
This Was changed to 6.30 p.m. from September, 1821, and to 4 p.m. from August, 1836. The church was not 
C9nsecrated until May 22, 1821, when the Bishop of Calcutta, Dr. Thomas Fanshawe Middleton, performed the 
ceremony. Until then it had been known as the " Fort Church," but from the time of its consecration it was 
called " St. Peter's." It was closed for repairs from September to December 23, 1832. I imagine that it was at 
this time , or probably earher during the British period , that the large portico and wide verandah , supported by tall 
pillars, were added to the front. Judging from the portions of the structure at each end of the church which have 
no verandahs, the portico and verandah on each side of it did not form part of the original building, and they are 
. in a ^Masi-classical style peculiarly Britishf- Originally the building must have comprised two separate haUs or 
rooms, and the arcade of six round arches, supported by sections of wall, which has made of them a nave and wide 
aisle, was also probably an alteration carried oiit after the building, or rather a portion of it, was converted into a 

church. 

The first chaplain was the Rev. James Cordiner, author of the book on Ceylon. He arrived in 1799 
and left in 1804, and was succeeded by the Rev. the Hon. T. J. Twisleton. An assistant of his was the 
Rev. WiHiam Hamlyn Heywood, appointed " Chaplain of Brigade to the Forces in Ceylon," March 3, 1804, who 
was lost at sea on his voyage to England in the Jane Duchess of Gordon in March, 1809, and with him the 
Register of Marriages which he was taking to England in order that a copy of it might be entered in the Registry 
Office of the Bishop of London. He was succeeded by the Rev. George Bisset, M.A., lSl2-1820 ; and Archdeacon 
Twisleton, in 1824, by the Ven. J. M. S. Glenie, who was assisted by the Rev. the Hon. Edward Finch, 1827-1830 
(see No. 103), and succeeded by the Rev. Benjamin Bailey, 1832. The registers are not confined to Colombo 
entries, but contain some of Jaffna, GaUe, and Kandy (1817) ; they seem to have been personal to the chaplains. 
The church possesses a silver gilt commmiion service, large salver, and candlesticks presented by George HI. 
The salver bears the following inscription: "Hanc pateram et quicquid hie conspicitur argenti in usum Ecclesise 
Taprobanse sacrari voluit Georgii Tertii Britanniarum Regis pia mimificentia A. S. MDCCCX. A. R. L." 

Several persons have been buried in the church, viz., Henry Matthews, Puisne Justice of the Supreme 
Court and father of Viscount Llandaff ; W. Tolfrey ; Archdeacon Twisleton, who was re-interred here ; Captain 
Dawson R.E. , whose monument is conspicuous at Kadugannawa ; and possibly others. Of functions which have 
taken place at St. Peter's, the first episcopal visitation was in October, 1816, when Bishop Middleton of Calcutta, 
who had arrived by H. M. cruiser Aurora on the 21st, preached from the 1st verse of the 62nd chapter of Isaiah, 
" a discourse which in compass of theological knowledge, skill in composition, and beauty of diction, proved the 
judicious choice that has been made of the first Bishop of the Anglo-Indian Church " [Gazette of October 30, 1816). 



* This does not appear to be quite correct. On the opening of Wolvendaal Church in 1749 it had been allowed to fall 
into <^'!f^*J'^(g^g oTth^^buTwing'from the front and from the garden which appear opposite pages 416 and 417 of Valentyn. 
vol. v., confirm me in this opinion. 

„ • 82-09 



( 2 ) 



St. Peter's Church, Fort — ccmtd. 

His next visit was in 1821, when he held a visitation and confirmation on April 27 and 28. On May 22 the 
consecration of the church took place. Bishop Heber held an ordination and confirmation on September 21 , 1825, 
and Bishop Turner followed in February, 1831 , and Bishop Wilson held his first metropoHtan visitation in January, 
1843. There were probably other episcopal visits in the interval, including those of the Bishop of Madras (Corrie). 
The first Bishop of Colombo, Dr. Chapman, was enthroned in St. Peter's on November 7, 1845. 

The walls of the church are covered with monuments, which, though none of them can be said to have any 
artistic value, add considerably to its interest. The church itself is not unhke a City church, " wide, cool, and 
stately," flanked by the Grand Oriental Hotel at one end and by the Government offices at the other ; it remains 
the only Dutch building of any pretensions now left in the Fort. 



Serial No. 
1 . 



Date. 

April 26 
1804 



Name. 

Hugh Casement 



Nov. 13 
1809 



Thomas James Rodney 



Dec. 2 
1814 



Louisa Rodney 



Inscription. 

Sacred to the memory of Hugh Casement, Lieut., 
H. M. 34th Regt. of Foot, who departed this life 
on the 26th April, 1804. Age 21 years. 

There was a detachment of the 34th Regiment in 
Colombo in 1803-4 under Captain J. M. Everard, and 
a small party at Jaffna under Lieutenant Downing, 
which drove the rebels and Kandyans out of Chundi- 
kulam in August, 1803 (see Cordiner, vol. II., p. 244). 
Sir W. Casement, Member of the Supreme Council of 
India, who died in 1834, was probably a relative. 
Lieutenant-Colonel William Casement was Secretary 
to the Military Department, Fort William, Calcutta, in 
1823. There was a JuUus Casement, M.D., Hospital 
Assistant (the rank below Assistant Surgeon), at 
Hambantota in 1826 (see Bennett, " Capabilities of 
Ceylon," p. 229). 

In memory of Lieut. Thomas James Rodney of H. M. 
19th Regiment, who died on the 13th November, 
1809. Aged 19. "He rests with our Father in 
Heaven." 

A wooden tablet of a very Georgian design, w^hioh 
looks as if it was meant to show how a monument 
might behave in an earthqiiake. The oval tablet has 
been knocked out of the perpendicular, but the 
pediment behind it still remains firm. 

He does not appear to have been a son of the Hon. 
John Rodney, Chief Secretarjr to Government, and 
his name does not occur in the pedigree of the Rodney 
family in Burke. But the name of the 4th Baron 
Rodney, a nephew of the Hon. John Rodney, who 
was born in 1784 and died 1843, was Thomas James, 
and the Hon. John Rodney had an elder brother 
James. The subject of this inscription was gazetted 
2nd Lieutenant in Ramsay's Regiment (2nd Ceylon) 
September 10, 1805, 1st Lieutenant May 15, 1806. 

Here lie deposited the mortal remains of the Right 
Hon'ble Lady Louisa Rodney, daughter of John, 
Eael oe Aldboeough. She was born December 
3rd, 1778, married October the 19th, 1799, the Hon. 
John Rodney. She departed this life December 
2nd, 1814. A few days before her death she was 
seen in this place apparently in health joining with 
unaffected piety in the public worship of her Maker, 
one who was felt to be the life, the ornament of the 
limited society of Colombo. The pious daughter, 
the faithful wife, the affectionate mother, had too 
well discharged her various duties, not to feel a 
firm reUance on the mercy of the Creator. To 
those with whom those relations existed, who shall 
speak earthly comfort ? Who shall replace to her 
parents the pride of their noble house ? Who shall 
soften the affliction of the beloved partner of so 
many of her happiest years ? Wbo shaU calculate 
the loss of such a mother to the poor infants sur- 
rounding their sorrowing father,' unconscious of 
their common calamity, and wondering at the 
change which has converted the happiest dwelling 
into a house of mourning ? Before her native 
dignity and easy condescension, restraint and 
ceremony ahke retired, and while our social circles 
were enlivened by her cheerful temper, the sorrows 
of the unfortunate were sooth'd by her prompt 
bounty. Such wa,s the kind, the good, the warm- 
hearted friend whom aU deplored. Such was she 



( 3 ) 

St. Peter's Church, Fort — contd. 

Serial No. Date. No-„, , _, ^. 

iName. Inscription. 

18l'/ ' ' ^""'^^ Rodney— cow<(i. . , who has left a void in our society not to be filled 

up, and now is her earthly form, which beamed the 
very spirit of benevolence, the tenant of a cold and 
silent grave. For such a loss it is fair to indulge 
in the grief, which we feel to be universal, the 
best aiieotions of our hearts demanded, and cold 
must be that heart, knowing as we know, would 
not sorrow for the amiable Lady Louisa Rodney. 
"And now, Lord, in whose hands are the issues 
of life and death, not my will, but Thine be done." 

' ' The illness which terminated thus fatally was 
short and sudden — a visceral affection, of which she 
complained on Thursday morning and expired on 
Fciday evening at 5 o'clock, within a few hours of 
completing her thirty-sixth year." She left " eight 
infant children." 

" The funeral, which took place on Saturday, was 
attended by an inunense concourse of persons of 
every description in the neighbourhood of Colombo. 
His Excellency the Governor, the Chief Justice, the 
Members of Council, all His Majesty's Civil Servants, 
and all the officers of the Garrison formed the pro- 
cession ; and as a solemn, though unusual, mark of 
respect for departed worth, Mrs. Brownrigg, Lady 
Johnston, and all the ladies of the Settlement were 
present on this melancholy occasion. 

" Never was witnessed a scene of sine erer grief than 
the Church of Colombo exhibited while the funeral 
service proceeded ; tears poured from every eye ; 
frequent and audible were the expressions of that 
sorrow which could not be restrained, and when the 
mortal remains of this beloved woman were committed 
to the earth, it seemed as if every one felt that their 
dearest sister was deposited in the tomb. 

"To those who have known Colombo, who have 
seen her in the exercise of every quality which can 
ornament her sex, who have witnessed her conduct 
in social or domestic life, her winning kindness and 
generous hospitality, who have seen her the object 
to whom all eyes were tiu^ned as the chief spring of 
social intercourse, diffusing through all that happy 
temper which soothed all into good humour^ — to 
those it is possible to estimate the degree in which the 
public grief has been expressed, and to believe that 
we use no figurative phrase in saying that the death of 
Lady Louisa Rodney has cast a general gloom of 
sadness over this Settlement. 

' ' In her domestic character this admirable woman 
was beyond all praise ; to administer' consolation to 
her beloved partner of fifteen years was the last act 
of her life ; to his children of a forraer marriage she 
was more than a mother, and in their grateful love she 
experienced a return of affection undistinguished from 
that of her own children. 

' ' Highly and elegantly accompHshed, with a sound 
judgment and correct taste, her conversation was 
sought by all ; to learn that she was to be present 
was to give to any social meeting the most pleasing 
attraction ; and we cannot without admiration, 
mingled with our grief, remember what a charm was 
thrown over society by the mere influence of her 
manner. 

" To this tribute to departed excellence, traced by 
the hand of one who loved and revered her, may be 
added the words with which the Hon. and Rev. 
Mr. Twisleton concluded liis sermon on Sunday last, 
the day succeeding her funeral. The impression 
which they made upon his laearers and their own 
truth entitle them to be recorded." (Gazette.) 

Mr. Twisleton's sermon shows that he was the com- 
poser of the epitaph on her tomb. There are phrases 
in it identical with several of those used in the epitaph. 
This tomb consists of a very large slab of local stone, 
with a frame similar to those of the Coke and D'Oyly 
tablets, but less elaborate. It is the largest stone 
in the church, and looks as if it was originally a Dutcli 
tombstone. 

The Hon. John Rodney, tliird son of Admiral Lord 
Rodney, who defeated Count de Grasse, was appointed 



( 4 ) 



St. Peter's Church, Fort — contd. 



Serial No. 



Date. 

Dec. 2 
1814 



Name. 

Louisa Rodney — contd. 



Inscription. 



Jan. 4 
1817 



William Tolfrey 



President of tlie Board of Revenue at Colombo, 
August 1, 1804, and Chief Secretary, September 3, 
1 806. He retired June 4, 1832, and died at Boulogne, 
May 8, 1847, aged 82. He was three times married: 
first to Lady Catherine Nugent, only daughter of the 
Earl of Westmeath , on July 4 , 1 784 , and Lady Louisa 
Stratford became his second wife. He married (3) 
Jime 7, 1815, at Colombo, Antoinette Elizabeth, 
daughter of Benedict Edward Reyne, a girl who was 
barely 16. By his three marriages he had eighteen 
children. His eldest daughter, Catherine Henrietta, 
married at Colombo, July 20, 1810, Lieutenant- 
Colonel the Hon. Patrick Stuart, 19th Regiment, 
who died a General and K.C.M.G. ; the second, 
Faimy, married Lord Blantyre, February 20, 1813 ; 
and the tliird, Frances, Thomas Eden, C.C.S., 
at Colombo, June 4, 1810. Another daughter by 
Lady Louisa, EUza, married March 22, 1832, at 
St. Omer's, J. S. Wetenhall, Esq. His eldest son 
(born to him by Lady Louisa, May 14, 1802), 
John Stratford Rodney, who was in the Ceylon Civil 
Service (Sitting Magistrate of Colombo, Assistant 
Goverrutnent Agent, Madawalatenna), 1831-8, mar- 
ried (1) Anna Boyce of Bombay, who died February 
3, 1825, and (2) Eleanor, third daughter of Joseph 
Hume, December 23, 1826. His second daughter by 
Lady Louisa, Angela EUza, married at Colombo, 
January 8, 1825, Captain Brown, R.B., the architect 
of the Pavihon, Kandy ; and his sixth daughter by 
Lady Louisa, Caroline Stuart, married at Colombo, 
April 3, 1830, Campbell DrummondRiddell, who came 
to Ceylon on a Commission to report on the Civil 
Service, and was afterwards Treasurer of New South 
Wales. The Hon. Edward Rodney, in command of 
H.M.S. Africaine, which arrived at Trincomalee in 
May, 1811, was a younger brother of .John, who had 
also been in the Navy. Descendants of the Hon. John 
and Lady Loxiisa Rodney have come out to Ceylon 
in recent years, viz., Mr. John R. Manners and Mrs. 
Sevier, whose father , Captain Herbert Russell Manners 
of the 37th, was stationed in Ceylon in 1847-51, and 
married Angela, daughter of Colonel Brown, R.B., 
at Colombo, June 23, 1849. There is a " Rodney 
street" in Colombo. 

In memory of William Tolpeby, Esq., of His 
Majesty's Civil Service, who devoted Ms oriental 
learning to the propagation of the Gospel by render- 
ing the Holy Scriptures into the Singhalese and Pali 
languages . He had with intense application nearly 
completed a translation of the New Testament, and 
the last labour of his hand well describes in the 
language of St. Paul his benignant character and 
the great object of his pious zeal : " And the 
servant of the Lord must not strive but be gentle 
unto aU men, apt to teach, patient, in meekness 
instructing those that oppose themselves : if God 
peradventure will give them repentance to the 
acknowledging of the truth, and that they may 
recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, 
who are taken captive by him at his wiU." — Ti- 
mothy 2nd, ii. 24, 25, 26. He was called from his 
unjanished task 4th January, 1817. Aged 39 years. 
This monument is erected by the grateful public of 
Colombo. 

The montunent is of a curious design: an oval of 
white marble set in a rectangular slab of local granite. 
Surmounted by a tall pyramid of the same stone , on one 
side of which is a shell-shaped lamp and on the other an 
hour glass. Below the lamp in a comer of the larger 
tablet is the rising sun, and in the other corner a cross 
lying obhquely across it. Between them over the 
inscription are two quill pens crossed. In the middle 
of the pyramid is a pile of books, one of which is 
open, and shows a verse from Scripture in Sinhalese. 

WiUiam Tolfrey died at 3 p.m. on Saturday, 
January 3, after a severe illness of fourteen days' 
duration, and is bm-ied in St. Peter's. His funeral 
was headed by the Governor and Edward Tolfrey, 



( 5 ) 

St. Peter's Church, Fort — contd. 

Serial No Date. Name. Inscription. 

4 Jan. 4 .. William Tolfrey—con/S. .. his cousin, and was attended by the Civil and Military 

1817 officers. " His death was attributed by the medical 

gentlemen in a great degree to the intense assiduity 
with which Mr. ToKrey had discharged the duties of 
his public office, and performed the pious task which 
he had voluntarily imposed upon himself of trans- 
lating the Scriptures into the Singhalese and Pali 
languages." {Oazette, Jan. 11, 1817.) 

He had had an eventful career. He arrived in India 
in 1794. His father, who was resident in Calcutta, 
procured him a situation in a pubHc office, until 
which he was nominated to an Ensigncy in the 76th 
Regiment. " His conduct on many occasions drew 
from the distinguished officers whom he had the good 
fortune to serve, frequent and recurrent testimonials 
of approbation , and if , as he was wont to say of himself , 
he was httle calculated to be a soldier, the justice of 
the observation was never acquiesced in by those who 
were the most competent judges of military merit." 
He served through the Mysore war under General 
Harris, and in the Mahratta campaign of 1803-4. He 
was promoted into the 74th, and was Brigade Major 
to Colonel Harness at the battle of Assaye. " His 
letters descriptive of these campaigns were greatly 
admired for classical elegance of composition and 
masterly display of knowledge of his subject. There 
are persons in the Island who may remember the 
impression which Captain ToKrey's account of the 
battle of Assaye made on their irdnds. He was 
one of the three officers of the 74th who escaped the 
carnage of that destructive conflict. At the termi- 
nation of it he performed the melancholy office of 
committing to the grave twelve of his brother officers. 
He sold out in 1 805 , and next year , when the regiment 
was called home , came to Ceylon on a visit to his uncle 
(Mr. Samuel Tolfrey of the Civil Service), and was 
appointed by the Governor to a situation in one of 
the public offices, and then on his recommendation 
gazetted to the regular Civil Establishment " (January 
1,1811). He was appointed Assistant to the Commis- 
sioner of Revenue April 3, 1811, Chief Translator to 
Government, in succession toD'Oyly, June 12, 1816. 
He studied Sanskrit, Pah, Hindustani, and Tamil, 
also revised his knowledge of Greek. He pubUshed 
a "List of Medical Works" in the hands of the 
native practitioners of Ceylon in Ainslie's "Materia 
Indica," vol. II., p. 525; a "Narrative of Events" 
which occurred in Ceylon (see Marshall's " Ceylon," 
p. 137); and translated part of the Scriptures. His 
translation is "one of the most scholarly translations 
in the Sinhalese language." He had completed 
the Pah translation of the New Testament to the 
end of the Epistle to Philemon, and the Sinhalese 
translation to the end of the second chapter of the 
Second Epistle to Timothy. To quote the Johnsonese 
of the obituary in the Gazette, January 11, 1817: 
" In private life he was amiable, and in pubhc life he 
was valuable — benevolent in the highest sense ; he 
was the affectionate son, the kind master, the warm 
and sincere friend. To the mildest manners and 
most unaffected modesty he joined great strength of 
mind and high independence of spirit. Of a tempera- 
ment naturally melancholy and conscious that he 
was so, yet in the few moments of relaxation which 
he permitted to himself (and unhappily f hey were too 
few), he rose into such cheerfulness and so much 
enlivened conversation by the playfulness of his 
fancy, as to make it matter of general regret that he 
did not allow himself to mix more frequently in 
society ; but here his ardent desire to accompUsh his 
benevolent task interfered, and by degrees abridged 
even the little period he had allowed to recreation. 
Mr. ToKrey was a striking (we had almost said ' and 
a singular ' ) instance of one who laboured to do good 
for its own sake ; gifted with talents and enriched 
with acquirements far beyond the pretensions of 
many whose names are more in the public eye, his 
name was scarcely heard out of Ceylon ; his learning 
was as unassuming as his manners , he had no ambition , 
not even in its most venial form, a desire of 
literary fame ; his knowledge was as freely imparted 



( 6 ) 

St. Peter's Church, Fort — contd. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

4 . . Jan. 4 . . William Tolfrey — contd. .. %s it was laboriously attained, and, satisfied that he 
jgjY was rendering his useful talents in the way^ most 

acceptable to his Maker, he entertained no anxiety to 
have his good work published to men." 

Instances of his hours of recreation are to be found 
in the notices in the Gazette of subscription balls or 
assembhes, at which he occasionally acted as one of 
the stewards. 

According to Bennett (" Capabilities of Ceylon," 
p. 420), Tolfrey's death was indirectly due " to the 
Uva rebellion. He was, as Chief Interpreter, daily 
receiving anonymous but friendly olas from loyal 
natives of the interior of the projected rebellion and 
of the Government's danger through the intended 
treachery of Eheylapola." But these warnings were " 
disregarded, and " Tolfrey himseH was thought 
scarcely less than a lunatic for viewing them in a 
more serious light. . . . He was constitutionally of a 
melancholy turn of mind, and the excitement which 
had at first driven him to madness ended in death." 

Samuel Tolfrey arrived at Colombo with the first 
batch of Civil Servants in September, 1801, was 
reported by the Secretary of State with James Scott 
Hay as qualified for the higher appointments, and 
was appointed with Hay a member of the Board of 
Revenue on £1 ,500 a year, was Civil Auditor-General, 
retired on January 1, 1810, and died in 1827. 
George Tolfrey, who was gazetted Ensign in the 66th 
March 23, 1812, was probably a son of his, and so 
probably was Edward. His daughter, Mary Elizabeth, 
married at Colombo, on July 5, 1804, Dr. Thomas 
Christie, the Superintendent-General of Hospitals, 
Ceylon. 

Samuel Tohrey compiled a Sinhalese vocabulary, 
" the first that appeared, which was patronized by the 
then liberal Secretary of State for the Colonies, who 
presented its author a donation of £1,000 " (Bennett, 
p. 363). It formed the foundation for dough's 
Dictionary, published in 1830. 

5 . . April 18 . . Thomas Aldersey Jones . . Sacred to the memory of Thomas Aideesby Jones, 
1818 Captain in H. M. 19th Eegiment, who died in the 

37th year of his age, and was buried at Batticaloa 
on the 18th AprU, 1818. During 17 years' service 
in the 19th Regiment on the Continent of India 
and the Island of Ceylon, Capt. Jones was distin- 
guished by the constant approbation of his 
Commander, the respect of his inferiors, and his 
brother officers' affectionate regard. When in the 
midst of the Kandyan rebellion he was attacked 
by his last illness at Katabowa in WeUasse, he 
refused to quit his post or remove to the seaside 
until he had exhausted the last effort of his strength 
in the cause of his country. That some record of 
his military worth and private virtues should be 
preserved in pubhc remembrance beyond the 
remote retirement of his grave, this monument was 
erected by his afflicted widow. 

Captain Jones. . . .first joined the 19th Regiment in 
1801 ,was gazetted Lieutenant Jxme 25, 1803 {vice Byne, 
who fell at Kandy), Fort Adjutant of Port Osnaburg, 
January 28, 1804, and Captain, 3rd Ceylon Regiment, 
on September 20, 1806. He accompanied the Ceylon 
force, consisting of the 3rd Ceylon under Lieutenant- 
Colonel Morrice and a detachment of the Royal Artil- 
lery, which took part in the suppression of the Travan- 
core rebellion in 1 809 , and retiurned to England in 1 8 10. 
In 1813 he married at Alderbury, Shropshire, Emma, 
second daughter of Rev. Mr. Thornes. In 1815 he 
returned to this Island, and " was soon appointed 
Commandant of Batticaloa, where he resided until 
the rebellion broke out in the Kandyan territories. 
He then moved to Katabowa in Welassa, where his 
services were eminently useful in keeping that part 
of the country quiet, and in protecting and forwarding 
supphes upon the hne of communications between 
Batticaloa and Badulla. In Welassa Captain Jones 
was attacked by a hver complaint, which at length 
proved fatal. Captain Jones had always distinguished 



( 7 ) 



St, Peter's Church, Fort— contd. 



Serial No. 
5 .. 



Date. 

April 18 
*818 



Name. 



Sept. 1 
1818 



William Coke 



Inscription. 



Thomas Aldersey Jones — contd. 



himself by the most scrupulous and honourabJe 
discharge of his military duties. The strictest 
attention to disciiDline was so tempered in him by a 
suavity of manners and soundness of judgment, that 
he was regarded by his brother officers, without any 
invidious preference, as a pattern of military conduct, 
and throughout his Regiment he was universally 
respected and beloved." (Gazette, May 9, 1818.) 

His Commanding Oflficer, Lieutenant-Colonel Kelly, 
referred in highly eulogistic terms to his services in 
supplying the troops, and in inspiring the Moormen of 
Welassa with confidence. ( ' ' Manual of Uva," p. 108. ) 

He was thanked by General Order of March 19, 
1816, for the good discipline he had kept in the 
detachment of the 19th stationed in Colombo for the 
last seven months, now about to embark for Trinco- 
malee — nearly 200. One man only was confined for a 
very minor offence. 

He left a young widow and three infant children. "It 
would be vain to offer our consolation to the volimae 
of pubhc grief at such a moment of overwhelming 
afiBiction," says the ever-sympathetic but somewhat 
platitudinous Gazette, and it proceeds to moralize — 

" The widow bereaved of such a husband must 
rely upon the sustaining comforts of religion, and, 
occupied in the maternal duties of endearing attention 
to her children, wait until the lenient hand of time 
shall have assuaged her sorrow." 

He was the fourth son of John Lloyd Jones, Esq., of 
Maesmawr, Montgomeryshire, and was born at 
Maesmawr Hall, August 28, 1778, so that he was in 
his 39th, and not in his 37th, year at the time of his 
death. He married Susan, not Emma, Thornes. 
She died October 31 , 1845. Their eldest son. Captain 
John Thomas William Jones, born 1814, of the 43rd 
Light Infantry and Royal Canadian Rifles, had a 
distinguished career in Canada, and was A.D.C. to 
the Governor-General. He died in 1885. The widow 
and her three children are buried at Kensal Green. 
Mr. Herbert White, C.C.S., is a relative. 

There are a tombstone with inscription, and also a 
tablet, neither of them in situ, at Batticaloa. 

Kotabowa is about 34 miles south-east of BaduUa 
on the road to Batticaloa. 

Memorise positum Gulielmi Coke equitis ^di- 
Christi Oxon alumni studentis regis Britanici in 
hac usula concilio qui per annos decem rem 
juridicam hie administravit juris consultus regius 
socius judex prseses literisj humanioribus ornat- 
issimus suavitate morum insignis, ingenio duleis 
judicio sinoerus suis benignus omnibus facilis et 
urbanus justitise et propositi impavidus sedplacide 
vindex bonos omnes sibi conciliavit concivibus 
dilectus indigenis veneratus quam cams vixit 
quam flebilis oocidit nobis et posteris hoc marmor 
testetur. Natus AngHa in agro Derviensi, deoessit 
Trincomalse, Kal Septembris 1818, setat 43. 

The Coke monument was erected in 1821. It 
consists of a very large tablet of local stone in a frame 
of classical design with Ionic pillars, and entablattire 
all in black and white masonry. There is a tradition 
that it was originally the tomb of General Hulffc 
(which has disappeared from Wolvendaal, to which it 
was removed in 1813) reversed, and with the new 
inscription cut on the back. 

" The death of the Hon. Sir WiUiam Coke, Puisne 
Justice of the Supreme Court, took place on the 
12th instant at Trincomalie, where Sir William had 
arrived only a few days, for the purpose of holding a 
Criminal Sessions on the commencement of his circuit. 
Sir William landed on the 23rd ultimo and found 
himself a little out of order the next morning, but was 
not affected materially until night, when he was 
severely attacked by a disorder which soon exhibited 
alarming symptoms of dysentery ; some blood was 
taken from him and he appeared to be a little better, 
but was not considered out of danger. On Friday 
evening Sir William was removed from the Admiral's 
House by his own desire to the Minden, then lying 



( 8 ) 



St, Peter's Church, Fort — contd. 



Serial No. 
6 ., 



Date. 

Sept. 1 
1818 



Name. 

William Coke — contd. 



Inscription. 



in the harbour, where everything was arranged for 
his comfort in the spacious and airy cabin by order 
of the Admiral, who showed the most anxious 
solicitude for the recovery of his distinguished guest. 
Sir William was attended on board the Minden by 
Dr. Robson, Physician to the Forces, as well as by Mr. 
Rodgers, the Admiral's Siu'geon, but aU human aid 
was vain, and on Tuesday morning about 9 o'clock 
he breathed his last. Th6 immediate cause of Sir 
William's death was a mortification of the bowels, 
which probably began at an earher stage of the 
disorder, as he soon ceased to feel any extraordinary 
pain. He expired without a struggle, and the last 
expression upon his manly countenance was a placid 
smile. 

" The remains of Sir WiUiam Coke were carried to 
the grave by the men of the 73rd Regiment at 6 o'clock 
on the morning of the 2nd instant. Major-General 
Jackson and every Civil and Military Servant, as well 
as aU the officers of the Navy attended, and Rear- 
Admiral Sir Richard King, Bart., walked as chief 
mourner. The fimeral service was read by the 
Rev. T. Ireland, Chaplain to the Forces, and the 
concourse of natives was the greatest that has been 
for many years seen m Trincomalee. While the 
procession moved from the Admiralty House to the 
chmchyard the band of the 73rd Regiment played 
solemn pieces of music, and minute guns, 42 in 
number, corresponding with the years of the 
deceased's age, were fired from the saluting battery. 
As soon as His Excellency the Governor received by 
express the melancholy news of Sir WilUam Coke's 
death, a General Order was published directing that 
every mark of respect should be shown to the memory 
of this distinguished servant of the Crown, who was 
at the time of his decease the second person in rank 
upon the Island of Ceylon. Accordingly, on the lOth 
instant, the flag of the Fort of Colombo was hoisted 
and remained during the whole of the day half-mast 
high, and at noon the minute guns were fired from the 
rampart. 

' ' Sir Wilham Coke was educated at Westminster 
School, where he was a King's Scholar, andin 1794 he 
was elected to Christ Church in the University of 
Oxford. On September 15, 1808, he arrived in 
Ceylon as His Majesty's Advocate Fiscal, and on 
March 12, 1809, he was nominated provisionally to be 
Chief Justice. On October 28, 1810, he was by 
Letters Patent regularly appointed Puisne Justice. 

"The general feehng of the public towards a public 
man is the best testimony of departed worth, and if 
any circumstances were wanting to increase om 
regret, it is an aggravation of our loss that we are 
deprived of Sir WiUiam Coke's abUities and pro- 
fessional knowledge at a moment when there is not 
only no other Judge, but not a single EngUsh lawyer 
in the Island of Ceylon. In private hfe Sir William 
Coke was remarkable for that ease and sobriety of 
manner which are the natural result of a public 
education and an early introduction into good 
company, operating upon a sound understanding and 
obhging disposition. His loss must be long regretted 
in a hmited society, of which from his rank and 
accomplishments he formed so conspicuous a part." 
{Gazette, September 12, 1818.) 

Sir WiUiam Coke arrived by the H. C. ship Jane 
Duchess of Gordon in 1808. He went to England in 
the Albima (with John Downing, G.C.S.), leaving 
GaUe on January 11, 1814, and returned in H.M.S. 
Iphigenia from Madras, arriving at Trincomalee on 
Jidy 20, 1816, after an absence of 2J years. 

He went on to Jaffna in July 28 in the He6e 
(Captain J. Morris, see No. 248), to hold the Jafina 
Sessions, Charles Scott, C.C.S., J. G. Forbes, C.C.S., 
and Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Bennett being feUow passengers. 
The Bennetts had only arrived at Trincomalee on 
July 25 by H. M. brig Elk from Madras, which had 
picked them up at sea from the Elphinstone, India- 
man, bound for Madras. Mr. Bennett is noted for his 
books on " Ceylon " and " Ceylon Fishes." 



( 9 ) 



St. Peter's Church, FoTt—contd. 



Serial No. 

6 .. 



Date. 

Sept. 1 
1818 



Name. 

William Coke — contd. 



March 11 
1819 



George Rivers Maltby 



Feb. 7 
1821 



Alexander Cadell 



Inscription. 



Sir William held the Jaffna Sessions, and then 
proceeded to Colombo , where he landed on August 19. 

Governor Brownrigg gave him a dinner the same 
day, and all heads of departments were invited to 
meet him. " A general satisfaction prevailed among 
all ranks at seeing once more restored to their society 
a gentleman whose character has always stood so high 
in the public estimation. When Sir William's health 
was drunk he rose and in a short address, deUvered 
with much feeling, expressed his thanks to the cona- 
pany, and assured them that although he had just 
left a country so dear to every Englishman, many 
delightful associations united to remind him of former 
happy years and cheer his voyage on a return to 
Ceylon." (Gazette of August 21, 1816.) 

J. W. ]3ennett, in his " Capabilities of Ceylon," 
pp. 226-7, relates an amusing incident that happened 
on this passage from Trincomalee to Jaffna. Sir 
William and the rest of the party landed at Point 
Pedro, and were entertained by the Sitting Magistrate, 
Mr. John Ernst Theile, a Prussian gentleman who had 
served under Frederick the Great. 

Sir William was second son of the Rev. D'Bwes Coke, 
Rector of Plinxton, by Hannah, daughter of George 
Heywood, Esq., of Brimington. His elder brother, 
D'Ewes Coke, succeeded to the estate of Brookliill 
Hall, Derbyshire, in 1811. His younger brother, 
John Coke of Debdale Hall, Notts, was High Sheriff 
of that county in 1810. The Cokes are related to the 
Wilmots^of Chaddesden, Derbyshire, to which family 
Edward Parr Wihnot belonged. 

Sir W. Coke's house was at " Tanque Salgado," 
near Uplands, Mutwal. It was advertised for sale 
with aU his effects on December 10, 1818. 

Sacred to the memory of Gboege Rivebs Maltby, late 
Captain in H. M. 16th Regiment of Foot, eldest son 
'of the Rev. Dr. Maltby of Buckden in Huntindon- 
shire, whose life was unfortunately terminated in 
the 24th year of his age by a fall from his horse in 
the neighbourhood of Colombo. Cut off in the 
enjoyment of youth, health, and the brightest 
prospects of success in his profession, his untimely 
fate excited the deep regret of aU. who were 
acquainted with his many excellent qualities. 
By the Commanding Officer of his Regiment and his 
brother officers who well knew and highly appre- 
ciated his amiable character this tablet is erected 
in testimony of their sincere regard. 

Born May, 1796. Died 11th March, 1820. 

Also inscription on his tomb in Galle Face Cemetery. 

" Hia death was occasioned by a fall from his horse, 
from which he received so severe an injury as pre- 
cluded every hope of his recovery, but by the efforts 
of medical skill and imceasing attention by his friends 
his life was protracted for one week, during which 
time he evinced that fortitude and resignation which 
might be expected from the amiable qualities of his 
mind. He died at King's House." {Oazette.) 

To the memory of Alexander Cadell, Esqr., who 
was born at Carron Park in the County of Stirling, 
North Britain, and died at Colombo on the 7th 
February, 1821, in the 40th year of his age. He 
resided 20 years in this Island, during the greater 
part of which period he held the situation of Civil 
and Military Paymaster-General. He was an 
upright member of society, a zealous and faithful 
servant of Government . This memorial of a much- 
regretted relative was erected by his brothers. 

He was appointed Writer in 1801, and Assistant in 
the Cliief Secretary's Ofl&ce on arrival September 22, 
1801; Deputy Paymaster of the Eastern Division, 
November 3, 1802, and Paymaster-General April 30, 
1803. On January 1, 1804, he became Collector of 
Colombo ; on November 13, 1805. Collector of Jaffna ; 
and on November 5, 1806, Civil and Military Pay- 
master-Gfeneral. 

82-09 



( 10 ) 



St. Peter's Church, Fort — contd. 



Serial No. 



Date. 

Feb. 7 
1821 



Name. 

Alexander Cadell — contd. 



Aug. 9 
1821 



Edward Tolfrey 



Inscription. 

When Lady William Bentinck, accompanied by the 
Governor and Staff, paid a visit to Negombo for a few 
days in 1805, embarkiftg at Pamunugama " on the 
new canal " on June 12, Cadell, as Collector of the 
District, entertained the party to " an elegant 
collation." On October 25, 1820, he gave " a grand 
diimer " to Sir Edward Barnes, Lieutenant-Governor, 
which was the first entertainment attended by the 
latter in Ceylon. There were upwards of fifty guests. 
He died " of hver complaint which began to assume 
an alarming appearance " on February 3. 

The Colombo Kachcheri stands on land that 
belonged to Cadell, which was known as CadeU's 
Garden, or Cadell Disawagewatta. About 3 J acres of 
it were purchased by Government on February 20, 
1821, from his executors, James Maitland, W. C. 
Gibson, and Simon Sawers, C.C.S., for the sum of 
£600. 

Sacred to the memory of Edwabd Tolfeey, Esq., of 
His Majesty's Ceylon Civil Establishment, and late 
Judicial Commissioner in the Kandian Provinces, 
who after a period of nearly 20 years' service in 
various parts of this Island died in Kandyon the 
9th August, 1821. Aged 37 years. 

" Mr. Tolfrey was one of those gentlemen sent out 
to Ceylon in the first establishment of the Civil 
Service in 1801 , and in the several situations which he 
held under Government performed his duties with 
credit to himself and utility to the public. In private 
fife his amiable and friendly disposition secured to 
him general esteem, and his loss to those who were 
most intimately acquainted with him is proportionate 
to their means of appreciating the value of his 
friendship." {Gazette, August 14, 1821.) 

The career of Edward Tolfrey in Ceylon almost 
exactly coincided with that of Alexander Cadell. 
They arrived together. He was a cousin of William 
ToKrey. Spence Hardy erroneously states that 
Samuel and WiUiajtn Tolfrey were brothers (" Jubilee 
Memories," p. 278). 

E. Tolfrey was appointed Secretary to the Board 
of Revenue and Commerce September 22 ; Registrar 
of the High Court and Commissioner of Stamps 
December 28, 1803 ; to act as First Assistant at the 
Kachcheri of Jaffna October 23, 1805 ; Collector, 
Mannar, April 23, 1806 ; Provincial Judge of Gt^Ue 
January 31, 1810, to November 1, 1811 ; on leave 
1812-1813; he returned with Mrs. Mary Ann Tolfrey 
and Miss Tolfrey by the Marchioness of Exeter in 
October, 1813. The ship arrived oflt Galle on the 6th, 
but was driven to the southward by strong currents, 
anchored in Wehgama Bay, where she parted her 
anchors on the 12th, and finally arrived at Trinco- 
malee on the 17th. Other passengers were the Rev. 
Thomas Ireland, Captain Benezet, R.A., Lieutenant 
Mainwaring. Miss Tolfrey went on to Calcutta. 
He became Deputy Controller-General of Customs 
October 10, 1813; also Commissioner of Stamps 
August 12, 1814; Controller-General of Customs 
and Commissioner of Stamps September 1, 1816; 
Auditor-General March 2, 1816, to March 1, 1817, 
when he went on leave, again proceeding to 
England with Mrs. Tolfrey in the ship Princess 
Charlotte. They stopped on the way at the Cape, 
and, says the Gazette, "We have the pleasure to 
announce to the friends of Mrs. E. Tolfrey in the 
society of Ceylon in which she was an ornament 
and deservedly a favourite, that she had a son on 
June 1,1817. Mr. Tolfrey experienced very material 
benefit to his health." In January, 1820 he was 
appomted Judicial Commissioner of Kandy ' On the 
birthday of King George III., 1820, we find him 
attending a dinner at the Resident's house (The Old 
Palace), proposing toasts, and having his health 
drunk, "the fine band of the 45th" attending He is 
buned in the Garrison Cemetery there, but nothing 
marks the grave. 



( 11 ) 



St. Peter's Ghureh, Fort — contd. 



Serial No. 
10 .. 



Date. 

Oct. 3 
1821 



Name. 

William Geddes 



11 



June 19 
1822 



Johanna Magdalena Mudge . 



12 



May 25 
1824 



John D'Oyly 



13 



Aug. 15 
1824 



Thomas James Twisleton 



Inscription. 



Sacred to the memory of Bt. Lieut. -Colonel W. 
Geddes, Captain H. M. 83rd Regt., who died at 
Trincomalie on the 3rd Oct., 1821, age 58 years. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Geddes was Commandant at 
Balangoda during the Uva rebellion in 1818, and 
arrived at Colombo from Balangoda in December of 
that year. In 1819-20 he was Commandant at 
Matara. He married a daughter of Major Thomas 
Summerfield, 83rd Regiment, and sister of Mrs. 
Thomas HoUoway Twynam. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Geddes was commended by 
Governor Sir Robert Brownrigg, the Commander of the 
Forces, in General Orders, November 22, 1818, for 
"his gallantry, zeal, and inteUigence manifested on 
several occasions during the rebelUon." 

Sacred to the memory of Johanna Magdalena 
Mudge of Simon's Town, Cape of Good Hope, who 
departed this life on the 19th June, 1822, on her 
passage to Ceylon. This monument is erected by 
her husband, Lieutenant Mudge, Royal Engineers, 
as a humble tribute of his love and affection for her 
departed worth. 

The ship Olobe arrived from England on June 25, 
with Lieutenant Mudge, Mrs. Mudge having died on 
board " of a deep dechne, aged 26. Her mild and 
benevolent disposition endeared her to all who had 
the pleasure of her acquaintance." {Gazette.) From 
her Christian names she must have been a Dutch 
lady of the Cape. Lieutenant John Mudge, who 
entered the Royal Engineers July 21, 1813, left 
Ceylon before the end of 1822. 

In memory of the Hon. Sir John D'Oyly, Bat., Resi- 
dent of the Kandyan Provinces, and one of the 
Members of H. M. Council of this Island, whose 
meritorious services to the Goverimient from the 
year 1802 and his talents during the Kandyan war 
stand recorded in the archives of this Government 
and in the office of the Secretary of State for the 
Colonies. 

Born 11th June, 1774. Died at Kandy, 25th May, 
1824. Aged 49 years. He was the second son of 
the Rev. Matthias D'Oyly, late Archdeacon of 
Lewes in Sussex, and this memorial is erected by 
his three surviving brothers. 

Arms. — Or two bends azure. 

Crest. — A demi-grifftn. 

This inscription is word for word the same as that 
on his grave in the Garrison Cemetery, Kandy (see 
under " Kandy " for an account of Sir John D'Oyly). 
The monument is almost exactly hke the one to Sir 
WilUam Coke, except that the tablet is white marble. 

Sacred to the memory of the Hon. and Venerable 
Thomas James Twisleton, D.D., First Arch- 
deacon of Colombo, who died universally lamented 
at Hambantotte on the 15th August, 1824. Aged 
52. He was second son of the Right Hon. Thomas , 
eleventh Lord Saye and Sele. 

In Dr. Twisleton the scholar and the gentleman 
were combined, to which he added the social and 
the Christian virtues. He possessed unbounded 
benevolence of heart and disposition, and charity 
in its most comprehensive sense. That his 
numerous good and amiable qualities may not be 
buried in oblivion , and that his name may live in the 
remembrance of the many whom he assisted and 
befriended, this tablet is erected by his affectionate 
wife and children. 

"As in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be 
made alive." 

He arrived at Colombo in February, 1804, as Chap- 
lain to Government, or Colonial Chaplain. In addi- 
tion he was appointed First Member and President of 



( 1:2 ) 



St. Peter's Church, Fort — contd. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

13 . . Aug. 15 . . Thomas James Twisleton— the Com-t of Justices of the Peace February 27, 1806, 

1 to. .„„,j Sitting Magistrate for the Town, Fort, and District of 

I»Z4 conm. Colonfbo July 13, 1806. " In addition to his clerical 

duties, he executed for many years the laborious 
office of Sitting Magistrate of Colombo with the 
greatest assiduity and to the general advantage of the 
pubUc." {Gazette, August 21, 1824.) On July 15, 
1807, probably being on a visit to Jaffna, he was 
appointed Provincial Judge of that place, but rever- 
ted to the Colombo Magistracy on March 23, 1808. 
He was also Principal of Schools from May 9, 1804. 
On April 12, 1818, the Archdeaconry of Colombo was 
constituted by Letters Patent, with Twisleton as first 
Archdeacon. ( " He resigned the Magistracy on being 
appointed to the Archdeaconry.") He was installed 
at St. Peter's by the Rev. George Bisset, Colonial 
Chaplain, acting on commission for the Bishop of 
Calcutta, on September 18, and read himself in on 
September 1 9. But though he gave up the Magistracy, 
he became a pluraUst again on August 29, 1812, when 
he was instituted (while in Ceylon) to the valuable 
rectory of Bradwell cum Addlestrop in Gloucester- 
shire, the duties of which, even if laborious Hke those 
of the former office, were capable of being performed, 
like the ceremony of institution, by proxy. 

He had been absent from Colombo for five months 
before his death " on a visit to his daughter, Mrs. 
Gisborne, in the Tangalle district, intending to con- 
tinue his tour of official inspection to Trincomalee. 
Four or five days prior to his decease, travelling to the 
eastward of Hambantotte, he experienced an attack 
of diarrhoea, but with no alarming symptoms, and he 
was recovering from this disease, when on the morning 
of the 15th instant he was seized with violent fever, in 
consequence of which he preceded his family and the 
rest of the party travelling with him, and accompanied 
only by Mr. Morgan, Hospital Assistant to the Forces, 
arrived at Hambantota, where he died shortly after- 
wards, at 8 P.M., in the 54th year of his age. His 
remains were interred at Tangalle on the 1 7th instant." 
(Gazette, August 21, 1824.) The Gazette is, as usual, 
very eulogistic. " His urbane and sociable manners 
united, and arising from a kindness of heart, have 
gained him the friendship and regard as well of those 
who have been coeval with himself in the society of 
Colombo as of more numerous members. Among the 
poorer classes his charity will be remembered with due 
regret for his loss, which will be equally felt by the 
middle class of inhabitants of the Settlement." He 
was instrumental in founding St. Paul's Church, 
Pettah, in 1816. Spence Hardy is also eulogistic. 

Archdeacon Twisleton was born September 28, 
1770, and raarried at the age of 18, Charlotte Ann, 
daughter of John Wattell,Esq. (September 26,1788), 
by whom he had five children, and whom he divorced. 
He married (2) Ann, daughter of Benjamin Ashe, 
Esq. (June 7, 1798), by whom he had a son, Frederick, 
who became 13th Baron Saye and Sele, and seven 
other children. The eldest daughter, Mary Elizabeth, 
married December 6, 1815, Wilham Gisborne, CCS. 
She had gone home in 1809 by one of the fleet of 
three ships which took Major-General Charles BaiUie, 
the Hon. Mr. A. Johnston and his family, and the 
Rev. Wilham Hamlyn Heywood. The latter went 
in the Jane Duchess of Gordon, which was lost at sea 
in March of that year. Mary Twisleton was more 
fortunate, and returned with her mother ahd sister 
Ann to Ceylon in October, 1813. But Ann left for 
home again in the transport Amiston in 1815, and was 
lost on the voyage home in that ship near the Cape, 
May 30, 1815, with Lieutenant-Colonel Viscount Moles- 
worth, 2nd Ceylon Regiment, who had been Com- 
mandant at Jaffna and at Galle, and the Viscoimtess. 
Mrs. Gisborne married (2) Captain T. H. Twynam. 
His daughter by his first wife, JuUa EUza, married 
Captain James Brown, 2nd Ceylon Regiment, who 
was killed in a duel with Captain Parker (see No. 96). 
She died March 28, 1832, leaving an only son, who 
became Vicar of Sydling. He was born at Colombo, 
April 10, 1809. 



( 13 ) 



St. Peter's Church, Fort — cmtd. 



Serial No.. 
14 .. 



Date. 

Aprils 
1826 



Name. 

Reginald Heber 



15 



May 20 
1828 



Henry Matthews 



Inscription. 



This tablet is erected by the British in Ceylon to the 
memory of Reginald Heber, D.D., Lord Bishop 
of Calcutta, who, turning cheerfully from the enjoy- 
ments of home and the prospects of honour in 
England, undertook in faith and hope the epis- 
copal charge of his brethren in the Indian Empire, 
and Mved and died there, watchful, indefatigable, 
devoted friend and pastor. In the short space of 
three years he animated by his presence almost 
every part of his vast diocese , and while he every- 
where encouraged in the Island as on the penin- 
sula, with special and parental care, the Church 
already formed, and visited with thankful joy the 
converts of his flocks, he looked earnestly to the 
day when to the heathen also he might be the 
means of preaching the Gospel of Christ, and might 
thus be not only the Prelate of India, but the Chief 
Missionary of England to the East. 

He was born 21st April, 1783, consecrated Bishop of 
Calcutta 1823, died 3rd April, 1826. 

Bishop Heber held a visitation in Ceylon in Sep- 
tember, 1825. He preached in St. Peter's, Fort, on 
Sunday, September 11, from Acts 11, 39, on behalf of 
Bishop's College, Calcutta, and a meeting was held at 
King's House next morning " to consider the best 
mode of appropriating the collection made yesterday." 
On September 14 the Governor and the Bishop at 
daybreak, accompanied by Mrs. Heber, the Acting 
Archdeacon (Glenie), and the Bev. Mr. Robinson, 
left Colombo for Kandy. The party was to sleep at 
" Ootuankandy," and reach Kandy the next morning 
for breakfast. He was to hold an ordination and a 
confirmation at St. Peter's on Wednesday, September 
21. On September 25 he consecrated Baddegama 
Church. Mrs, Heber's " Journal of a Tour in Ceylon " 
was published in 1828. 

Sacred to the memory of the Honourable Henry 
Matthews, Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court 
of Judicature of Ceylon. 

Born 21st June, 1789. Died 20th May, 1828. 

He is buried in the church, a slab in the centre 
passage marking the spot. He was educated at Eton , 
and King's College, Cambridge, and in 1819 had 
published " The Diary of an Invalid," which obtained 
some poptdarity. After call to the. Bar at Lincoln's 
Inn, he was appointed Advocate Fiscal, Ceylon, 
November 1, 1821, and in 1827 Puisne Justice 
(sworn in on October 9). His son, Henry, born at 
Colombo, January 13, 1826, was Home Secretary 
in Lord SaUsbury's second administration, and 
was created Viscount LlandaS. "The short period 
during which it was permitted to Mr. Matthews 
to exercise his judicial functions fuUy reahzed 
the expectations, even of those who had been in the 
habit of listening to and admiring his brilliant 
efforts as an Advocate. His natviral talents were 
of the very highest order. Strength of mind, quick- 
ness of perception, and accuracy of judgment directed 
and tempered a warmth of feeling which influenced 
every action of his hfe and ardour in the discharge 
of his pubUc duties, which neither fatigue nor bodily 
suffering could damp, nor anything but death itself 
could extinguish. His attainments, independently 
of such as were incidental to his profession, were 
those of an elegant scholar and a poUshed gentleman. 
But it was in the private relations of hfe, and above 
aU in the bosom of his family, that it was most pleasing 
to contemplate his amiable and endearing quahties. 
As a husband and father his conduct was above 
all praise. Such, indeed, was his devotedness to the 
dearest objects of his affections, that he might have 
been supposed to be wholly absorbed in them, if the 
nimiber of his friends who now deplore his loss did 
not testify that his heart was as capacious as it was 
open and accessible. His highly cultivated mind and 
extensive information, his manly and generous senti- 
ments, and the playfulness of liis imagination rendered 



( 14 ) 



St. Peter's Church, Fort — contd. 



Serial No. 
15 .. 



Date. 

May 20 

1828 



Name. 

Henry Matthews — contd. 



16 



March 31 
1832 



Hamilton Bailey 



17 



March 8 
1833 



Henrietta Charlotte Sneyd 



18 



March 20 
1834 



Frances Sillery 



Inscription. 



him the charm and delight of society. And thos& 
who were fortunate enough to enjoy an intimacy 
with him felt that thus to know and not to love him was 
scarcely possible. Kind and affectionate as was his 
life, his end was in every way worthy of it. On the 
bed of sickness and of death, his body worn down by 
lingering disease, he was still the same ; his thought 
still fixed on every one rather than himself. Forti- 
tude the most undaunted, resignation the most 
exemplary, marked his last moments ; and gave proof, 
cheering and undeniable, of a mind cabnly conscious 
of its own rectitude. The grief of his friends wiU be 
deep and lasting. But even they must feel hghtly in. 
comparison with one whom nothing but a mind the 
counterpart of his own, and a firm rehance on that 
hope, which teaches that the separation is but for a 
space, could have supported under this most trying 
visitation." (Gazette of May 24, 1828.)* 

Mr. and Mrs. Matthews came out by the ship 
Windsor Castle, which left Portsmouth November 8, 
1821, and arrived at Colombo March 17, 1822. 
He lived at Mutwal. His widow, Emma, long 
survived him, dying at Paris on July 30, 1861. 

In memory of Hamilton , wife of Reverend B . Bailey , 
M.A., Senior Colonial Chaplain of the Island of 
Ceylon, and only daughter of the Right Reverend 
George Gleig, LL.D., F.R.S.E., &c., Senior 
Bishop of the Scottish Episcopal Church. Bom at 
StirUng, N. B., on the 19th April, 1793, and died at 
Colombo , Island of Ceylon, on the 31st March, 1832. 

" This mortal must put on immortality." 1 Cor., 
XV., 53. Erected by her sorrowing husband. 
' ' Where from their suffering saint's repose , thou art 
For ever blessing and for ever blest ; 
Here pain and sorrow wrung thy gentle heart, 
There in thy proper sphere thou art at rest. 
Most loved, most loving, and most lovable, 
To whom a purer happier world is given ; 
A broken heart can only say Farewell, 
Farewell, FareweU, until we meet in heaven." 

Also an inscription on tomb in the Galle Face 
Cemetery. Dr. Gleig was consecrated Bishop of 
Brechin in 1808 (see No. 30). 

Sacred to the memory of Henrietta Chahlottb, the 
beloved wife of Richard Malone Sneyd, Esqr., of 
the Ceylon Civil Service, and eldest child of Charles 
Edward Layard, Esqr., of the same service, and 
Barbara, his wife. She died at Point de Galle on 
March 8th, 1833, in her 28th year. 

" Blessed are the dead, which die in the Lord." 
Rev. xiv., 13. 

She is buried in the Dutch Church, GaUe, where 
there is a tablet. R. M. Sneyd was District Judge 
there at the time of her death. He retired September 
6, 1837, after 23 years' service at Matara, TangaUa, 
Mannar, Chilaw, Batticaloa, and Galle. He died 
at Leamington, October 23, 1861. 

She was eldest daughter of C. E. Layard, C.C.S., and 
married R. M. Sneyd, September 28, 1827, at St. 
Paul's, Colombo (see No. 47). 

Sacred to the memory of Feajstces, wife of Robebt 
SnxEEY, M.D. , and daughter of the Revd. Richard 
Williams, Rector of Great Houghton, Northamp- 
tonshire, who died at Galle, March 20th, 1834. 
Aged 32. 

The register of the Dutch Church, GaUe, curiously 
enough, shows that she was buried in the Church on 
March 19. The inscription there adds that the Rev. 
Mr. WiUiams was a Prebendary of Lincoln, and that 
she was his third daughter. She was married at Great 
Houghton, September 12, 1825. 



* There is a notice of Matthews in the " Dictionary of National Biography" as well as in AUibone's <• Dictionary of 
Authors." He was a son of John Matthews, M.P. for Herefordshire in the Parliament of 1802-6. His brother, Charles Skimier 
Matthews, who was drowned boating on the Cam, a Fellow of Downing, was an intimate friend of Byron's. 



{ 15 ) 



St. Peter's Church, Fort — contd. 



Serial No. 
18 . 



Date. 

March 20 
1834 



Name. 

Frances SiWery— contd. 



19 



April 30 
1835 



John Gore 



20 



Feb. 5 
1837 



Daniel Corrie 



21 



May 19 
1838 



William Rough 



Inscription. 



. Staff Assistant Surgeon and Mrs. Sillery arrived in 
Ceylon on March 30, 1826, by the same ship, the 
Pyramus, that brought Colonel Muller (see No. 113). 
Lieut. R. S. C. Sillery, probably a son, was in the 
Ceylon Rifles, 1848-1857, and was afterwards a 
planter at Kitulgala and Pussellawa, and on Bath- 
ford, Dikoya (1864). 

Sacred to the memory of Lieut. John Goeb , R.N. , only 
son of Vice- Admiral Sir John Goee, K.C.B., who 
during the voyage home of his father's iFlagship 
Melville from this station perished heroically in an 
unsuccessful attempt to save the life of a brother 
sailor,o£fAlgoa Bay, on the 30th April, 1835. Aged 
23 years. In the pride of youth, in the bloom of 
health, in the height of energy, with fervour of 
hope, beloved, respected, and admired, one fatal 
moment consigned him to a watery grave. The 
Lord gave and the Lord hath taken away, blessed 
be the name of the Lord. 

Tins tablet was placed here by his friend, the Right 
Hon. Sir Robert Wilmot Horton, Bart., G.C.H., 
Governor of Ceylon. October ,M.D.C.C.C.XXXVII. 

Sacred to the memory of the Right Reverend Daniel 
Corbie, LL.D., 1st Bishop of Madras, consecrated 
at Lambeth, June 14, 1835, died February 5, 1837. 
This tablet was erected by the inhabitants of the 
Archdeaconry of Ceylon as a test of their love an"d 
veneration for one who for more than 30 years held 
forth to both Europeans and natives in his personal 
ministration and by stimulating and directing 
the efforts of others, first as Chaplain of the East 
India Company on the Bengal Establishment, and 
successively as Archdeacon of Calcutta and Bishop 
of Madras, salvation by means of grace through 
faith in Christ wrought in the heart by the Holy 
Spirit and working by love and in all holy 
obedience. 
A white marble tablet with medallion portrait. 

Blessed are the merciful for they shall obtain mercy. 

In memory of Sir William Rough, Knight, Serjeant- 
at-law, late Chief Justice of the Island of Ceyloii, 
who died at Nuwara EUia, 19th May, 1838. Aged 
64 years. 

This tablet was erected by bis Judicial, Civil, 
Mihtary, and numerous other attached friends in 
the Colony in testimony of their deep and affec- 
tionate respect for his pubUc and private character, 
for his extensive learning, his inflexible integrity , 
his impartial justice, his high moral courage, and 
his pure humanity as a judge, his amiable dis- 
position, great benevolence, and eminent social 
quahties as a man. 

Arms. — Gyronny of eight, or and ermine, a griffin 
segreant, on a chief sable a demi-lion rampant between 
two crescents. 

Crest. — A demi-lion. 

This tablet was designed for the most part by 
Mr. H. Tufnell (Sir R. Wihnot-Horton's son-in-law), 
who with Mrs. Tufnell had paid a visit to the Island 
in 1833, and who subsequent^' became a Lord of the 
Admiralty. In a letter to the Rev. B. Bailey he states 
that "the grouping of -the insignia in the pediment 
is taken in some measure from the monument to 
Lord Mansfield in Westminster Abbey." It came out 
in the Symmetry in 1840. It is of classical design, 
with fasces, &c. 

In 1830 Mr. Serjeant Rough acted as Puisne Justice, 
in place of Sir Charles Marshall, acting as Chief 
Justice, and in 1831 he was appointed Puisne Judge 
He was Chief Justice 1836-1838. He was knighted 
August 8, 1837. He had been in Demarara, and 
therefore had had some practical knowledge of Roman- 
Dutch Law. ' ' Mr. Rough brings with him a well- 
grounded knowledge of his profession , and particularly ■ 



( 16 ) 



St. Peter's Church, Fort — contd. 



Serial No. 
21 .. 



Date. 

May 19 
1838 



Name. 

William Rough — contd. 



22 



Sept. 27 
1838 



Charles Wallett 



Inscription. 



of the Civil and Dutch Law, an acquisition of no smaU 
moment to the inhabitants of this Colony. He brings 
with him, moreover, a highly cultivated mind enriched 
from the stores of classical lore and trained to hberal 
and sound constitutional principles, and, though last, 
not least, a character in private life of unsulUed in- 
tegrity and an amiableness of disposition that has 
secured him the respect and esteem of all who have 
had the pleasure of knowing him. In Mr. Rough, 
then, we have a good man, an experienced lawyer, and 
an upright judge. " (Colombo Observer, July, 1 836. ) "A 
gentleman of the old school, a man of the most 
undeviating reetitude,a hospitable and cordial friend." 
(Ibid.) He was a friend of Lord Lyndhurst and Lord 
Denman, also " of Walter Savage Lander, and in the 
recently published life of Landor is alluded to as the 
author of some pleasing verses." (Digby, "Forty Years 
in an Oriental Crown Colony," vol. IL, p. 81.) To 
these friends of his maybe added, according to Mr. A. 
M. Ferguson, Henry Kirke White. His illness had 
been of some weeks' duration. He left two daughters 
and a son. One of the daughters, Harriet Joanna, 
married at Colombo, August 11, 1832, Major Thomas 
Edward HaU of the 97th Regiment, Commandant of 
Kotmale District and a Deputy Lieutenant of Killean, 
Argyllshire, and had a son, Angus WiUiam, who, 
born at Nuwara Ehya, December 19, 1834, became 
Sir Angus Hall, K.C.B., and died at Dinterwood, 
Pontrilas, Herefordshire, in January, 1907. 

The son, W. H. Rough, was Private Secretary to the 
Chief Justice, Sir Charles Marshall, in 1832, Acting 
Postmaster-General, April 2, 1835, and Assistant 
Government Agent, Trincomalee and Kandy, in 1837. 
There is some correspondence between Sir Wilhatn 
Rough and the Right Hon. Stewart Mackenzie, 
Governor, which was carried on between November, 
1837, and April, 1838, pubhshed in the Ceylon 
Literary Register, vol. II., pp. 1-6, from which it 
appears that he had been m.uch of an invaUd from 
early in April. "He expired without a struggle at 
5 minutes past 7 o'clock this evening D . Saner was 
in attendance." (Letter from Major Simmonds, 61st 
Regiment, Commandant.) It is not easy to make out 
what the correspondence was about, but apparently 
there was a difference of opinion between the Chief 
Justice and Mr. Justice Stoddart, and the former did 
not know exactly what line the Governor would 
take. 

To the memory of Chaeles Wailett, Esq. (only son 
of Major Wallett, Ceylon Rifle Regt.), who was 
killed by. an elephant near Ruanwella on the 27th 
September, 1838, in the 20th year of his age. A 
young man of great promise' whose amiable 
disposition and frankness and manly spirit endeared 
him to all who knew him. This tablet was erected 
by some of his friends. 

Also on his tomb in the GaUe Face Cemetery. He 
was employed in the Commissioner of Roads' Depart- 
ment. 

' ' Having heard of a tusker , Mr. Wallett , attended by 
two native boys, went in pursuit and met it in a herd 
of three. He fired one barrel, and is said to have hit 
the animal ; but the second barrel of his gun missed 
fire, and the elephant rushed upon him before he 
could get another gun from his terrified attendants. 
It immediately crushed him to death, and went off 
for a few minutes ; but, returning, thrust his tusks 
through the body, and tore all the clothes off it. It 
is a curious coincidence that Mr. Wallett lost his life 
not far distant from the place where Major Haddock 
was killed by an elephant seven years' ago." (Colombo 
Observer, October 1, 1838, quoted by Forbes, "Eleven 
Years in Ceylon," vol. I., p. 146.) Major Forbes, 
also from the same paper, gives an accoimt of 
the destruction of this elephant three weeks later by 
Lieutenant Gallwey, 90th Light Infantry, and Ensign 
Scroggs, 18th Royal Irish Regiment. 



( 17 ) 



St. Peter's Church, Fort— con^d 



Serial No. Date. 
23 . . Aug. 29 
1839 



Name. 

Frederick Stoddart 



24 



Jan. 23 
1841 



Henry Augustus Marshall. 



Inscription. 

This tablet was erected by his friends to the memory of 
the Hon. John Frederick Stoddart, one of the 
Puisne Judges of the Supreme Court of the Island of 
Ceylon, as a memorial of their respect and esteem for his 
high intellectual powers, profound legal attainments, 
and many pubhc and private virtues. He was born at 
Malta on the 22nd September, 1805, and died in Colombo 
29th August, 1839. 

" It is a joy to the just to do judgment." Prov. xxi. , 15. 

Arms. — On a chevron, between two stars, a cross. 
Crest. — A sword and battle-axe in saJtire. 

Also inscription on his tomb in Galle Face Cemetery. 

He was son of Sir John Stoddart, a former Chief Justice 
of Malta, and grandson by his mother of Sir Henry 
Moncreiff, and was educated at the High School at the 
University of Edinburgh and at the University of Glasgow. 
He was called to the English Bar, and was in 1836 appointed 
Puisne Judge, Ceylon. " He was endowed with intellectual 
power of a high order, combining in a remarkable degree 
vigorous energy with sobriety and acuteness." {Colombo 
Observer, February 17, 1840.) Sir Anthony Oliphant, the 
Chief Justice, made two or three attempts at writing his 
epitaph, but was not satisfied with them, remarking in a 
letter to the Governor, Mr. Stewart Mackenzie, " I am no 
Deacon at writing epitaphs." (Ceylon Literary Register. 
vol. VI., p. 228.) 

In memory of Henry Augustus Marshall, Esq. , for many 
years Auditor and Accountant-General of this Island. He 
was educated at Harrow and at Charterhouse and at Christ 
Church, Oxford, and entered the Ceylon CiyU Service in 
1798, having accompanied the Honourable Fredk. North 
to the Island, from which time he never returned to Europe. 
He was an elegant classical scholar and a sincere Christian. 
He died on 23rd January, 1841, in the 64th year of his 
age. This tablet is erected by his widow and two sons as 
a testimony of their love and respect. 

Also inscription on tomb in. Galle Face Cemetery. 

Arms. — Argent, a chief poly of seven, or, and gules. 
Crest. — A stag's head erased. 

According to the Colombo Observer of January 25, 1841, 
"he was admitted to be the best classical scholar for many 
years in the Island." " During the holidays he took a trip 
to Nuwara Ehya, after which he appeared in excellent health 
and spirits, but fever soon made its appearance, imder which 
he sank in a few days." (Ibid.) In a letter to a Ceylon 
newspaper he states that he left England on February 17, 
1798. He was called " Iniquity Marshall," merely to 
distinguish him from a quondam contemporary, Sir Charles 
Marshall, Chief Justice, 1833-1836, who was known as 
" Equity Marshall." Though he never went to Europe, he 
seems to have proceeded on a voyage to Europe in December, 
1802, when he left in the Bengal, and on a voyage to the 
Cape in 1832, arriving there January 10, in the York, which 
left again on January 12. 

He was on North's first establishment as 1st Clerk, Civil 
Department, on £250 a year ; he was Deputy Registrar to the 
Supreme Court in January, 1800, and in September, 1801, 
was appointed Second Assistant in the Secretariat, but 
resigned on the appointment of the Arbuthnots. In June, 
1802, he visited and reported on the cotton plantation at 
Karisal in Mannar Island. He was appointed Sitting 
Magistrate at Trincomalee, June 29, 1803 ; Provincial Judge 
of Matara, February 26, 1804 ; Provincial Judge of Jaffna, 
November 20, 1805; Provincial Judge of Negombo, March 1 1 , 
1807; wEis unemployed in 1815,' but became Controller- 
General of Customs, February 1,1816, and Auditor-General, 
1822, holding the last appointment till his death. He can 
hardly have gone to Europe in 1 802-3 , for he left in December 
and was back by June, but his jnarriage did not take place 
in Ceylon. Query, Did he marry at tlie Cape or in India ? 
Lieutenant-Colonel Campbell in his " Excursions and Field 
Sports in Ceylon " refers to " Mr. and Mrs. Marshall and their 
charming abode situated on the seashore about three miles 
from Colombo " (p. 324). 

82-09 



( 18 ) 



St. Peter's Church, FoTt—contd. 



Serial No. 
25 .. 



Date. 

Dec. 22 
1842 



Name. 

Jane Vivian Parke 



26 



April 15 
1847 



Elizabeth Mary Steuart 



27 



Dec. 22 
1849 



Ann Steuart 



28 



Aprils 
1850 



John Pierre Jumeaux 



29 



March 12 

1852 
May 30 

1853 

July 5 

1854 



Robert Macgregor 

Robert Imray 

George Edward Hunter 



Inscription. 



In memory of Jaite Viviai^, wife of Major Parke, 
Deputy Commissary-General of Ceylon, who died at 
Colombo, December 22nd, 1842. Aged 36 years. 

This tablet was erected by her devoted and sorrowing 
husband. If we believe that Jesus died and rose 
again, even so, them also, which sleep in Jesus, wiU 
God bring with Him. 1 Thess. iv., 14. 

Also an inscription on her tomb in the Galle Face 
Cemetery, where her four infant children, Penelope, 
Bliss, Bliss Charles, and Arthur Wellesley are buried, 
the last two twins who died on August 29 and 3 1 , 1841. 

Major George Thomas Parke came out with the 
61st Regiment in 1828 and transferred to the Ceylon 
Rifles. He was for some time in the Commissariat. 
He left Ceylon with his four children in the ss. 
Hindustan "after 16 years' residence, with what jnay 
be considered an ample fortune" made at coffee 
planting. In 1844 he and Henry Wright, C.C.S., 
Treasurer of the Colony, were proprietors of Hantane 
estate, Kandy. On March 26, 1845, at St. James's 
Church, Guernsey, he married (2) Joanna, daughter 
of Colonel T. Kennedy of Guernsey. He returned 
to Ceylon, which he left finally on May 12, 1849. 
His son, Captain Fortescue Parke, was drowned on 
Windermere, June 1 1 , 1 861 , by the upsetting of a boat. 

Mrs. Parke was a daughter of Colonel Spicer, R.A., 
and her sister was wife of Brevet Lieut. -Colonel 
E. Charlton, K.H., who was Adjutant-General, 
Ceylon, 1839-1842. 

In memory of Elizabeth Mary, wife of George 
Steuabt, Esq., eldest daughter of the late Joseph 
Dewsnap, Esq., R.N., of Greenwich Hospital. 
She lived beloved, and died lamented, April 15th, 
1847. Aged 43 years. 

Also inscription on tomb in Galle Face Cemetery 
(see No. 49). 

In memory of Ajstn, for upwards of 34 years the 
beloved wife of James Steuart. She arrived in 
Ceylon 22nd December, 1824, and died at Colpetty, 
22nd December, 1849. Aged 57 years. " Thy 
will be done, O Lord." 

Inscription in identical terms on tomb in Galle 
Face Cemetery (see No. 37). 

Sacred to the memory of John Pierre JuMEAtrx, bom 
at Delhi, Hindustan, on the 15th July, 1792, and 
departed this life on the 8th April, 1850, at 
Colombo, Ceylon. 

Also inscription on tomb in Galle Face Cemetery. 

He was appointed Fiscal of the Western Province, 
Feb. 1, 1839, and to the Civil Service, Nov. 30, 1844. 

" Jumeaux was of French descent .... To show how 
times past, present, and future may be closely linked 
together, I may mention that the late Mr. Jumeaux, 
Fiscal of Colombo, showed me a book presented to 
him by his friend Le Grand, whose yoimg and 
beautiful wife was separated from him at Calcutta 
by the wickedness of Francis, the able but malignant 

writer of Junius' letters In the book, presentation 

copy of which I saw, Le Grand gave details of his 
wrongs at the hands of Francis." (A. M. Ferguson.) 
Madame Grand subsequently became the wife of 
Talleyrand. John Jumeaux mai-ried Julje, daughter 
of Colonel Migot de la Combe of tlie French Artillery, 
at Mah6, on the Malabar Coast, where they resided for 
a time. Their daughter, Fanny Henrietta, married 
John Ai-mitage, of the well-known firm of Colombo 
merchants, on September 6, 1838, at Colombo. 
This tablet is erected by the officers of Her Majesty's 
15th Regiment in testimony of their sincere regret 
at the loss of the under-mentioned brother officers 
during the period of the Regiment's service in 
Ceylon : — 

Captain and Paymaster Robert Macgregor, after a 
long period of service as subaltern in the Regiment, 



( 19 ) 



St. Peter's Church, Foit—contd. 



Serial No. 
29 .. 



Date. 

Mar. 12 
1852, &c. 



Name. 



Robert Macgregor, &c,—contd. 



30 



June 25 
1853 



Benjamin Bailey 



31 



July 25 
1854 



Thomas Dawson 



Inscription. 

assumed the duties of Paymaster shortly after his 
promotion, and died at Colombo on the 12th March, 
1852. Aged 42 years. 

Quartermaster Robert Imbay, after a long period 
of service in Ceylon in Her Majesty's 83rd Regi- 
ment, during a part of which time he was actively 
engaged in the suppression of the Kandian 
Rebellion, again returned to Ceylon in 1846, and 
after a long and meritorious career died at 
Colombo on the 30th of May, 1853, at the age of 
59 years, universally esteemed and respected. 

Lieutenant Geoege Edwabd Httnteb, a young 
officer, who by his many amiable quaUties had 
won for himself the respect and sincere regard 
of his brother officers, was attacked by cholera at 
Kandy on the 5th July, 1854, and died after six 
hours' suffering at the early age of 25 years. 

(See Nos. 189, 192.) 

The 15th York East Riding Regiment was in Ceylon 
from 1846 to 1854, and was stationed at Kandy. It 
was under the conunartd of Lieutenant-Colonel T. A. 
Drought, and detachments of it took part in the sup- 
pression of the Matale rebellion. Among the subal- 
terns were Lieutenant Johnson Wilkinson, who became 
a General, and with his twin brother, Osborn, who 
also became a General, wrote a book called " The 
Gemini Generals " (1896) , containing his reminiscences 
of Ceylon. Another brother, James Allix Wilkinson, 
was also a subaltern in the 15th, and in Ceylon at the 
same time. He became a coffee planter. There were 
also Ensign F. H. Mylius, son of Captain Alfred 
MyUus (No. 100), who became Rector of Ehndon, 
near Birmingham, and father of Mr. Rodney 
Mylius of Stonycliff, Dimbula. Lieutenant W. W. 
Turner, afterwards Sir WilHam Turner, a famous 
soldier and sportsman, was also in the regiment and 
in Ceylon. 

The Salvation of the righteous is of the Lord. — Psaku 
xxxvii., 39. 

To the memory of the Venerable Benjamin 
Bailey, D.D., Archdeacon of Colombo, who minis- 
tered for more than 20 years as Senior Colonial 
Chaplain in this Church, this tablet is erected by 
his friends, who held in deserved respect his sincere 
piety, his high hterary attainments, and the 
uncompromising truthfulness and sincerity of 
his character. He was born at Thorney Abbey, 
Cambridgeshire, on the 5th June, 1791 , and died in 
London on the 25th June, 1853. 

He was appointed Senior Colonial Chaplain in 1832 
(see No. 16). " To his hospitable reception in his 
home of ' mind and learning ' at Kollupitiya, of 
Mrs. Fletcher, wife of a Bombay Chaplain, but better 
known as the poetess Miss Jewsbury, Ceylon owes the 
most beautiful set of verses which were ever written 
in the island, or respecting it." (A. M. Ferguson.) 
Tlie verses referred to are those entitled ' ' The Eden 
of the Sea." Mrs. Fletcher lies buried in the cemetery 
of Poonah, a victim to cholera. 

His only daughter, Janet, married at St. Peter's, 
April 7, 1844, Edward Ledwiok Mitford, who was 
appointed a Writer in November, 1844, and retired 
from the Civil Service in 1867 while Government 
Agent of the North-Western Province on a pension 
of £605. 9s. id. a year. He is still living (1910). 

Sacred to the memory of Thomas Dawson, who 
departed this hfe July 25th, 1854. Aged 66| years. 
He faithfully served the Crown for 44 years, 21 of 
which he was Ordnance Storekeeper of Ceylon. 
This tablet was erected by his beloved widow and 
family. 

" Unto the upright there ariseth light in the 
darkness." Psalm cxii., 4. 

Also on tomb in Galle Face Cemetery. 



{ 20 ) 



St, Peter's Church, Toit-contd. 



Serial No. 
31 . 



Date. 

July 25 
1854 



Name. 



Thomas Dawson — contd. 



32 



May 4 
1861 



James Caulfleld 



Inscription. 



Originally a Bombardier, Royal ArtiUery, he was 
appointed on July 10, 1810, clerk in the CivU Ord- 
nance Department at Tricomalee. He was Deputy 
Storekeeper of Ordnance at Galle, 1828-1831. On 
November 6, 1814, he married Miss Margaret Flood 
at Trincomalee. Mrs. Lyons was a daughter (see 
No. 185). His second daughter, Frances Christina, 
married at Trincomalee, February 19, 1834, Henry 
E. A. Glasgow, clerk of Ordnance at Trincomalee. 
Another daughter (the 6th), Eleanor, married at 
Colombo, December 24, 1859, Mr. F. G. Vick, and his 
yoimgesfc daughter, Charlotte, married at Colombo, 
October 18, 1849, Sussex Charles Melford, Esq., 
Bombay Army, eldest son of S. F. MeHord Esq., 
Master in Equity and Judge of the Vice-Admiralty 
Court at Sydney, New South Wales. His eldest son, 
Thomas W. G. , died at Jaffna, March 21 , 1842, in his 
23rd year. Mrs. Dawson died at Colombo, March 17, 
1861. 

This tablet was erected by the Civil Service to the 
memory of James Catjlfield, late Treasurer of 
this Colony. He was born in Ireland, 19th July, 
1806. He died at Kandy, 4th May, 1861. 
Few men have lived more loved and respected, few 
have died more sincerely regretted. 

Arms on Tablet. — Barry of nine and — on a canton 
— a lion passant guardant. 

Crest. — A rose with three leaves. 
Also an inscription on tombstone in the Garrison 
Cemetery, Kandy. 

He was a son of the Rector of Skibbereen in Ireland, 
another son being Captain Henry Caulfleld, 58th Regi- 
ment. The third son, the Rev. Charles Caulfleld, 
became a West Indian Bishop. James began life as 
a midshipman in one of the old H. E. I. C.'s ships, 
but did not hke the hfe. His career in Ceylon dates 
from March 1, 1823, when he became an Assistant 
Superintendent in the Cinnamon Department under 
John Walbeoff (see No. 110). He was gazetted 
Fiscal of Colombo from January 1, 1832, and also an 
Assistant in the Cinnamon Department from March 
23 ; Assistant Government Agent, Galle, December 1, 
1833; Assistant Government Agent, Hambantota, 
April 1, 1834; on leave from January 5, 1836, to 
November 7, 1837, returning ia the Malabar, which 
brought Governor and Mrs. Stewa^rt Mackenzie and 
Mr. A. M. Ferguson to the Island ; Acting Assistant 
Government Agent, Western Province, and District 
Judge of Puttalam, December 1, 1839; confirmed in 
this appointment, February 1, 1841 ; District Judge 
of Mannar and Nuwarakalawiya, May 1, 1843; 
Assistant Government Agent, Northern Province, 
and District Judge, Mannar, January 1, 1845; 
Government Agent, North- Western Province, Octo- 
ber 1, 1845; Acting Treasurer, January 1, 1850; 
Government Agent, North- Western' Province, July 
1, 1851 ; confirmed as Treasurer, October 23, 1854. 
He died of disease of the heart of long standing. He 
married at Chilaw, October 17, 1840, Eliza, widow of 
Major S. A. Rehe, H. E. I. C.'s Service, and daughter 
of Captain French Gray (see Nos. 33 and 199). He 
had a son, Hans Charles Caulfleld, born in 1841, who ^ 
was in the Civil Service (1859-1867), and died June 26, 
1867, two days after landing at Southampton on 
leave after a stay for some time at Cape Town at the 
house of the Governor, Sir Philip Woodhouse, a former 
Ceylon Civilian and a friend of his father's. Another 
son, James, emigrated to America. His eldest 
daughter died at her uncle's house in the West Indies. 
He was one of those civilians of the forties who 
combined coffee planting with their official service — a 
propensity which ultimately brought about Lord 
Stanley's despatch of 1845 and the foundation of the 
present Civil Service. He went into partnership 
with Benjamin Dodsworth, M.D., who had married 
a daughter of John Walbeoff, C.C.S., Superintendent 
of the Cinnamon Department, under whom Caulfleld 
had worked, to whose children he had acted as 



( 21 ) 



St. Peter's Church, Fort — contd. 



■Serial No. 
32 ,, 



Date. 

May 4 
1861 



Name. 

James Caulfleld — cofitd. 



33 



Sept. 2 
1864 



Henry Rogers levers 



34 



June 13 
1865 



Charles Sim 



36 



36 



April 18 
1866 



Oct. 9 
1867 



James Dowding 



Percival Acland Dyke 



Inscription. 



guardian, and of whom he always spoke in the kindest 
terms. They purchased Crown land and planted it 
with coffee. The estate was called " Charlemont," 
after the Charlemont family, with which the Caulflelds 
were in some way connected, and Dodsworth worked 
it. Caulfield aupphed the capital, or part of it, from 
borrowed money, and the debt hung like a millstone 
round his neck nearly up to the last. In pursuance 
of the Secretary of State's ruling he was asked if he 
had given up his interest in land. His reply was 
that he had purchased the land from Government, 
almost on the recommendation of Government to 
civilians at the time to invest in land, as there was 
then no Widows' Pension Fund ; that he had spent a 
large sum on the estate; that it was worth £5,000 
sterhng, but that he was quite ready to make it over 
to Government for that price. The subject dropped 
and was not revived. He made nothing out of the 
estate in the long run, and Dodsworth retired and 
went to England. 

In memory of Lt. H. R. Ievees, R1. Artillery, who 
died at sea, 2nd Sept., 1864. Aged 32. W. M., 
No. 112, I. C. 

This tablet is erected by the Brethren of his Lodge. 

Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was, and 
the spirit shall return to God who gave it. 

He married at Colombo, June 14, 1860, EKza 
Anderson, only daughter of Major S. A. Rehe, H. E. 
I. C.'s Service (see No. 196). She was very tall and he 
was very short ; she was called " The Great Eastern." 
He must have been of the same family as the late 
R. W. levers, C.C.S., C.M.G. 

To the memory of Chaeles Sim, fourth son of John 
Sim, Esq., of Coombe Wood, Surrey, Lieut. - 
Colonel Royal Engineers, Surveyor- General of 
this Island, wlio died at sea two days after leaving 
Point de Galle on his voyage home on the 13th 
June, 1865, in the 44th year of his age. 

This tablet is erected by his sorrowing brother. 

Arms. — On a chevron between two mullets pierced 
in. chief and a battle-axe in base, a boar's head 
between two hands holding a dagger. 
Crest. — A Moor's head in profile. 
Motto. — " Quod verum tutum." 

There is a tablet, also with a medallion, in Holy 
Trinity Church, Colombo, erected by Freemasons in 
Ceylon. It ends "Multis ille bonis plebilis occidit." 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sim was appointed Surveyor- 
General, December 1, 1858, having acted in that capa- 
city from December 1, 1854, to December 23, 1855. 
He was on leave from November 16, 1860, to Sep- 
tember 23, 1861. He entered the Royal Engineers in 
1851, and was stationed at Kandy as a Captain in 
1854 and in 1866-7. 

Sacred to the memory of Cr. Sgt. Jambs Dov^ding, 
2nd Batt. 25 Regt., King's Own Borderers, who 
departed this life at Trincomalee, 18th April, 1866, 
in the 30th year of his age. This tablet is erected 
by the Sergeants of his Battalion. 

This tablet is erected by the Ceylon Civil Service in 
testimony of their respect for the memory of 
Pekcival Acland Dyke, for upwards of 45 years 
a member of the Service, and for the last 38 years 
of his life the Government Agent of the Northern 
Province of Ceylon. Known no less for his untiring 
devotion to the Public Service than for his capacity 
for administration and the zeal which he dis- 
played in promoting the interests of the people 
over whom he was placed. He rested from his 
labours on the 9th October, 1867. 
Arms. — Three cinque foils. 

He is buried in Chundikuli Churchyard, Jaffna 
(see under " Jaffna"). 



( 22 ) 



St. Peter's Church, Fott—contd. 



Serial Xo. 
37 .. 



Date. 

April 4 
1870 



Name. 

James Steuart 



38 



May 25 
1870 



Francis William Willisford 



39 



Nov. 12 
1871 



Aug. 9 
1871 



Eleanor Lorenz 



Charles Ambrose Lorenz 



40 



June 4 


J. Reeve 


1869 




Sept. 7 . 


, . C. S. Holroyd 


1870 




Feb. 28 . 


E. H. Downe 


J870 





Inscription. 



James Stbuakt of Colpetty. Born at Greenwich^ 
14th August, 1790. Died at Worcester, 4th April^. 
1870. 

" Into thy hands I commend my spirit, for Thou 
hast redeemed me, Lord." 

James Steuart succeeded James Chrisp as Master- 
Attendant on June 1, 1826, and retired on Sep- 
tember 30, 1855. He wrote "An Account of the 
Pearl Fisheries of Ceylon," which was published in 
Colombo in 1843, and "Notes on Ceylon and its- 
Affairs," pubhshed in London in 1862. " Steuart- 
Place," Colpetty, is calledafter him. He was " a man 
of considerable ability and of active habits, com- 
bining as he did the functions of merchant, banker, 
and boat-owner with those of Master Attendant and 
Superintendent of the Pearl Fishery." ( Ferguson. > 
(See Nos. 49 and 160.) 

In memory of Fkancis William Willisford, M.D. 

Bom August 7th, 1815. Died 25th May, 1870. 
I am the resurrection and the Hfe saith the Lord, he- 

that believeth in Me, though he were dead, yet 

shall he Hve. 

Fanny Durand WiUisf ord, a sister( ? ), married Captain. 
George Price, 5th Bengal Fusileers, October 9, 1860. 
A daughter married John Allanson Bailey, C.C.S., 
who retired as Government Agent, Kandy, in 1900.- 
A son, Frank Colebrooke, was in the Civil Service, 
and died at Galle in 1876. 

Sacred to the memory of Eleanob, wife of Charles 
Ambrose Lorenz. Born at Colombo on the 12th 
June, 1825. Died at Colombo on the 12th Novem- 
ber, 1871. 

Sacred to the memory of Charles Ambrose Lorenz, 
Barrister-at-Law and Advocate of the Supreme 
Court of this Island. Born at Matura, 8th of July, 
1829. Died at Colombo, 9th August, 1871. 

He was the second son of J. F. Lorenz {q. v.). 

" A keen lawyer and an accomplished scholar. A 
warmer heart, a more gifted mind, a nobler nature, 
and take him aU in aU a better man has not hallowed 
God's acre in Ceylon." {Ceylon Quarterly Magazine.f 
He started a literary magazine called " Young^ 
Ceylon," which lasted for two years, and edited 
the Examiner for some years. ' ' Perhaps the ablest 
Ceylonese of his generation." (Digby.) 

He was a Member of the Legislative Council, 
representing the Burgher community, until his 
death. A humorous skit of his on the proceedings in 
Council in 1860-6, illustrated with portraits of 
Sir Charles MacCarthy and the principal members, 
and called " The Christmas Debates of the Island of 
Ceylon," appeared in 1866. 

Mrs. Lorenz was a daughter of George Michael 
Nell, whose father, Frederick August Nell, came from 
the Cape of Good Hope as " hofmeister " to Colonel de 
Meuron, and married at Colombo, December 8, 1793, 
Catherina Petronella de Fonseca, of Colombo. Her 
mother was Maria BHzabeth Conderlag, and shfr 
married Charles Lorenz in 1849. 

To the memory of the Officers, Non-commissioned 
Officers, and Privates of the 73rd Perthshire Regt. 
who died during their last tour of service in the 
Island from 17th March, 1869, to 2nd February, 
1874. 

Major J. Reeve, 4th June, 1869. 

Capt. C. S. Holroyd, at sea at Galle, 7th Septem- 
ber, 1870. 

Ensign E. H. Downe, 28th February, 1870. 

S.-Sergt. M. Mulcahy, 31st July, 1871. 

Here follow the names of 1 Sergeant, 6 Corporals, 
and 48 Privates. 

The 73rd served three times in Ceylon. " Th& 
flank companies of the 73rd " formed part of the force, 
which embarked at Madras on August 1, 1795, under 



( 23 ) 



St. Peter's Church, Fort — contd. 



Serial No. 
40 , 



Date. 

June 4 
1869, &c. 



Name. 

J. Reeve, &c. — contd. 



Inscription. 



the command of Colonel Stuart {" Old Row "), for the 
purpose of capturing the Dutch possessions in Ceylon. 
The rest of the battalion seem to have followed them 
to the Island. In April-May, 1797, the regiment 
embarked at Point Pedro for Madras (having come 
there from Colombo for this purpose) in the H. E. I. 
C.'s extra ship Harriet. Captain J. B. Archer was 
' ' commanding of the Harriet ' ' at the time (so he signs 
in the Jaffna records). The embarkation took from 
April 29 to May 13. Tlie officers who embarked 
were Lieutenant-Colonel G. St. John (who had been 
Commandant at Trincomalee) ; Captains Mossman, 
Robertson, McLeod, McDonald, Steel, White, Bordes, 
and A. Rose ; Lieutenants Edw. Crofton, Suther- 
land, Gordon, Thomas, Downing, Power, Mac- 
pherson ; and Ensign Eraser. Majors Barbut and 
Jeanneret and Lieutenant the Hon. G. Turnour 
remained in Ceylon. Lieutenant Wm. McLeod was 
acting for the Prize Agent in December, 1795 
(see Cotton, p. 300). Other officers of the 73rd 
were Lieutenant Wm. Bagster, Commandant at 
Point Pedro, 1795; Lieutenant T. Campbell, 
Commandant at Mannar, 1796; Lieutenant 
G. Hamilton, Fort Adjutant, Jaffna, February to 
September, 1796. During this period Captain 
E. Rumley transferred to the Malay Regiment 
(October, 1802), and was one of the two officers who 
accompanied Major Davie into captivity at Kandy 
after the Watapuluwa massacre, and Lieutenant. 
Colonel Barbut (No. 301) died after the return of 
the troops from Kandy. Major Jeanneret was also 
dead by 1806, but whether he died in Ceylon or 
India I have not discovered. 

The second period was from 1814 to 1821. After 
some service in New South Wales the regiment 
returned to Ceylon 1,200 strong, a second battalion 
having in the meanwhile been raised. Three 
companies embarked at Sydney, January 25, 1814, 
and arrived at Colombo on March 25 ; another detach- 
ment arrived by the Windham on October 28, with 
Lieutenant- Colonel Geils ; CajDtains Murray, Kenny, 
Ritchie ; Lieutenants Campbell,Taylor, and Lyttleton. 
The last-named was a good artist, and published a 
book of " Sketches of Ceylon Scenery " in 1819. 

The regiment took part in the Kandyan war of 
1815, in which Lieutenant-Colonel M. O'Connell of 
the 73rd commanded the 3rd Division; also in the 
suppression of the Uva rebellion of 1817-1818. During 
this period it lost by death nineteen ofpcers, viz.. 
Majors Anthony Coane and Vallance, Captain 
Glenholme, Lieutenants McCreevy, James Taylor, 
Maclaine, killed in action, McConnell, Lid well. Holmes, 
McBain, Murphy, and Duncan Campbell, and 
Ensigns HaswaU, Coane, and Campbell (No. 62), 
Trydell and Koshorn, Roscrow, and Assistant- 
Surgeon MoDermott. In stances of the gallant conduct 
of the men of the 73rd are given in the despatches 
re the Uva rebellion, published in the Gazette and 
reprinted at the Ob'server Office, 1889 (pp. 141-196).* 

During the second year of the rebellion it "lost by 

death 356 men, or 42 per thousand The mean 

strength in 1819 was 566, and the mortality 160, or 
282 per thousand, and 105 were invalided, conse- 
quently the regiment may be said to have lost 621 
men iu two years. Only 12 of the men of the light 
company of 1817, consisting of about 1 10 individuals, 
survived to go home with the regiment in 1821. This 
company was very actively emploj^ed in the Kandyan 
country durins: the whole period of the insurrections." 
(Marshall's " Ceylon," pp. 210-11.) 

Captain Ritchie of the 73rd commanded in the 
district of Welassa from May, 1818, to the close 
of the rebellion in November, " exposed to diffi- 
culties of the most trying nature arising from an 
alarming and extensive sickness, which raged with 
the most fatal consequences to the troops under his 
command during a period of four months, and 
which would have warranted Captan Ritchie at any 
time in withdrawing the post of Kattabowa," and was 



* See also Ceylon Literary Register, vol. VI., pp. 62, 123. 



{ 24 ) 



St. Peter's Church, Fort — contd. 



Serial No. 
40 .. 



Date. 

June 4 
1869, &c. 



Name. 

J. Reeve, &c. — contd. 



41 



1877-1884 



Henry F. Phillpotts 



42 



June 13 

1884 



Alice Mary Gordon Budd 



43 



Aug. 5 
1886 



William Dumaresq Wright. 



44 



May 29 
1890 



William Henry Ravenscroft. 



45 



Nov. 5 
1890 



James Duff Robinson 



Inscription. 



thanked in General Orders by Sir Robert Brownrigg,. 
who could not " express in adequate terms the admira- 
tion he felt for his conduct " (November 22, 1818). 
Ensign Shoolbraid succeeded in capturing the chief 
MadugaUa, one of tlie leaders of the rebellion. Major 
Coane and Lieutenant Raymond were also thanked in 
General Orders, and Captain Glenholme, who died near 
the end of the rebeUion, also distinguished himself. 
Captains Stace, Drew, Lieutenants Butler, Holmes, 
Maclaine, McConnell, Murphy, Wentworth, and 
Taylor, and Ensign Lidwell also took an active part 
in the operations, and of these, Lieutenants Holmes, 
McConneU, Taylor, and Ensign LidweU succumbed 
during the covirse of the campaign, while Lieutenant 
Maclaine was killed. Lieutenant MacBain died just 
after its close, and Lieutenants Roscrow, Campbell, 
and Farren in 1820-1821. 

The 73rd is now the 2nd Battahon, the Black Watch. 

Sacred to the memory of their Commanding Officer, 
Major Heney P. Phillpotts, and their comrades 
who died in Ceylon, 1877-1884 {here follow the, 
names of eleven men). 

Erected by the surviving N.-C. Officers and men of 
No. 5 Battery, 1st Brigade, Eastern Division, 
Royal Artillery. 

Requiescat in Pace. 

Major Phillpotts was a son of "Henry of Exeter," 
Dr. Phillpotts, Bishop of Exeter. 

Many waters cannot quench love. 

In memory of a dear sister Alice Maey Gordon, 
the beloved wife of Edwabd Eraser Budd, 
who died at sea soon after leaving Colombo on 
the 13th of June, 1884. Aged 29 years. 

There shall be no more death, neither shall there be 
any more pain. 

In memory of William Dumaresq Wright of the 
Ceylon Civil Service, Colonial Treasurer, who died 
aged 53 years, on the 5th August, 1886, from 
injuries received on being thrown from his carriage 
ten days previously. 

This tablet is erected as a mark of their esteem by 
his friends in Ceylon. 

He was a son of Henry Wright, who was in the 
Civil Service, 1811-1846, and retired as Auditor- 
General. W. D. Wright entered the Civil Service in 
1853 ; was Government Agent, North- Western Pro- 
vince, 1871-1873; Principal Collector of Customs, 
1873-1881 ; Treasurer, February ;, 1882. He had 
recently returned to the Island from leave, and 
intended to complete a short period of service before 
retirement. He married at Colombo, July 4, 1857, 
Amy Delatre, yoimgest daughter of Colonel Samuel 
Braybrooke. An elder sister of hers , Harriet, married 
at Colombo, December 15, 1847, George Vane, C.C.S., 
afterwards Treasurer. 

The memory of the just is blessed. In grateful 
memory of the Hon. W. H. Ravenscroft, C.M.G., 
late Auditor-General and Controller of Revenue, 
Ceylon. Born 11th January, 1843. Died 29th 
May, 1890. 

This brass is erected by the Government Clerks. 

Mr. Ravenscroft was appointed Auditor-General, 
May 23, 1877. He had served in the Commis- 
sariat Department of the Army, 18,61-1874; was 
Auditor-General, Griqualand West, Jime 6, 1876. 

In dear memory of James Duff Robinson, Esq., son 
of John Joseph Robinson, Esq., Banff, N. B. 
Born 7th June, 1836. Died 5th November, 1890. 

And lies buried in Lindoola Churchyard. 

Deeply regretted by the whole European Community 
of Ceylon. Posuerunt Amici. 

He was a merchant of the firm of J. Duff Robinson 
& Co. , and a general favourite. 

The Lindula inscription is to the same effect. 



( 25 ) 



St. Peter's Church, Fort—contd. 



Serial No. Date. Name. 



Inscription. 



46 . . Oct. 4 . . James Robert Longden . . In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the 

1891 Holy Ghost. 

In memory of Sir James Longden, G.O.M.G. Born 
7th July, 1827. Died 4th October, 1891. Some 
time Governor of this Colony. 

Sir James Longden entered the Colonial Service in 
1844, and was Colonial Secretary of the Falkland 
Islands, 1857 ; President of the Virgin Islands, 1861 ; 
Lieutenant-Governor of Dominica, 1865 ; Lieutenant- 
Governor of British Honduras, 1867; Governor of 
Trinidad, 1879 ; British Guiana, 1874 ; Ceylon, 1877- 
1883. His son, Cyril Chapman Longden, has been 
Inspector-General of Police, Ceylon, since 1905. 

47 .. July 17 .. Charles Peter Layard .. To the memory of Sir Chaelbs Petee Layabd, 

1893 K.C.M.G. Born 9th December, 1806. Died 17th 

July, 1893. 

He entered the Ceylon Civil Service in 1828, and 
served the Colony for 50 years. For 30 years he 
was Government Agent of the Western Province. 

This tablet was erected by the members of the Civil 
Service and by a few personal friends, in recogni- 
tion of his high character, his public worth, and 
his many private virtues. 

The Layard family is well established in Ceylon. 
The first members of it to arrive were two sons of the 
then Dean of Bristol, the Very Rev. Charles Peter 
Layard, who both came to Ceylon in 1803-1804, viz., 
his second son, Henry Peter John Layard, and his 
third son, Charles Edward Layard, and they were both 
provided with posts in the Civil Service, the younger 
succeeding the elder as Second Assistant to the Agent of 
Revenue, Jaffna. H. P. J. Layard retired on January 
1, 1814, having held various appointments, such as 
Sitting Magistrate, Battioaloa ; Collector, Matara ; and 
Provincial Judge, Matara. He married a Miss Austen, 
and his son was Sir Henry Austen Layard of Nineveh 
fame. The younger brother remained in the Civil 
Service, having married at the age of 20, Barbara 
Bridgetina Mooyart (see No. 166), by whom he had 
26 children. In 1808-1814 he was Collector of Kalu- 
tara, where he had a house called "Mount Layard," 
on the left bank of the river (Bennett, p. 375), with 
a beautiful view of it. [Query : Was this " The Teak 
Bungalow" of later years?] He was Provincial 
Judge, Trincomalee, 1814-1815; ControUer-General 
of Customs, 1815-1816, Provincial Judge, Galle, 1822- 
1824; Collector, Colombo, 1825-1828; Paymaster- 
General, 1828-1832 ; and District Judge of Colombo 
North, 1836-1839; retired ISth July, 1839, and died 
December 19, 1864. His eldest son, Sir C. P. Layard, 
Government Agent of the Western Province, the 
subject of this inscription, was educated at St. John's 
College, Cambridge, and entered the Ceylon Civil 
Service in 1830. Ha was Eiscal and Sitting Magistrate 
at Jaffna in 1831 ; Assistant to the Collector, Colombo, 
1832 ; Assistant Government Agent, Colombo, and 
District Judge, Kalutar a, 1836; Assistant Government 
Agent, Colombo, and District Judge, Negombo, 1837 ; 
District Judge, GaUe, 1839 ; District Judge, Trinco- 
malee, 1840; District Judge, GaUe, 1860; Government 
Agent, Western Province, 1851 ; and acted on three 
occasions as Colonial Secretary in addition. " Layard' s 
Broadway," Colombo, is called after him. He was 
Commissioner for Ceylon at the Paris Exhibition of 
1878. He retired in 1879. He became C.M.G. in 
1871 and K.C.M.G. in 1876. His son. Sir Charles 
Peter Layard, was Attorney- General of Ceylon 
1892-1902, and Chief Justice 1902-1906. 
, C. P. Layard, senior, married May 29, 1830, his 

cousin, Louisa, daughter of Captain Clement Martin 
Edwards, CeylonRegiment, who had been on the staff 
of Sir Thomas Maitland in Ceylon (1805-1811), and 
had married a sister of H. P. J. and C. E. Layard. 

Bennett, who claims (erroneously, as it was culti- 
vated by Captain Thomas Nagel in the Varmi) to 
have introduced the cultivation of cassava from 
Mauritius into Ceylon, states that C. E. Layard was 
the only individual who paid any sort of attention to 
its culture. (" Capabilities of Ceylon," p. 127.) 

82-09 



( 26 ) 



St. Peter's Church, Fovt—contd. 



Serial No, 


Date. 


Name. 


48 .. 


Aug. 27 . 
1893 


. . Franeis Conningsby Hannam 
Clarke 



49 



July 8 
1896 



George Steuart 



50 



Oct. 17 
1898 



William Bowden Smith 



61 



1901-1902 



52 



63 



March 2 
1905 



Dec. 7 
1906 



Inscription. 



Men of the Royal Artillery, 
80th Company 



Edwin Arthur Russell Ben- 
ham 



Alexander Murray Ashmore 



Bugle. 
Ich dien. 

To the glory of God and in memory of Colonel F. C. H. 
Claekb, C.M.G., late R. A., Commandant, Ceylon 
Volunteers, who died at Brighton, 27th August, 
1893. 

This tablet is erected by his widow and officers of the 
Ceylon Volunteers. 

" The work of righteousness shall be peace and the 
efiect of righteousness quietness and confidence for 
ever." Isaiah xxxii., 17. 

Colonel Clarke was D. A.Q.M.G. (Intelligence Branch) 
at the Horse Guards, 1872-1880 ; employed in Russia, 
Turkey, and Greece, 1876-1879, on various missions 
xmder the War Office and Foreign Office ; Assistant 
Commissioner for Bulgarian boundary under the Treaty 
of Berlin, 1878 ; Commissioner for Ttirco-Russian 
boimdary in Asia, 1879 ; Assistant Quartermaster- 
General in the Transvaal Campaign of 1881 ; Military 
Secretary to Major-General Sir Evelyn Wood ; Pro- 
fessor at the Staff College, 1881-1884; Surveyor- 
General, Ceylon, L884 ; and Commandant, Ceylon 
Volunteers, 1886. He was author of " Staff Duties " 
and " The Franco-German War, 1870-1871 " (German 
official translation). 

Juvant Aspera Probum. 

In ever loving memory of George Stetjabt, founder 
of the firm of George Steuart & Co., Colombo, 
late of Waverley Lodge, Blackheath, Kent. Bom 
at Dover, 1st May, 1808. Died at Dover, 8th July, 
1896. 

Jesus said : " I am the resurrection and the life." 
" Before he left the Colony, Captain Steuart gave up 
his agency for Messrs. Arbuthnot & Co. of Madras ..... 
his brother, George, taking up the agency and 
founding the eminent firm of Messrs. George Steuart 
& Co." (Ferguson.) (SeeNo. 37.) He was at one time 
conunander of the Govenmaent steamer Seaforth, 
1840-1842. 

In memory of William Bowden Smith, a resident 
for 40 years in Ceylon. A Member of the Legis- 
lative Council and an esteemed representative of 
the planting and mercantile communities. This 
memorial is erected by friends who appreciated his 
worth in public life and valued Ms friendship. 
Bom 27th Dec, 1840. Died Oct. 17th, 1898. 
" Life's race well run. Life's work well d'one. Life's 
crown well won." 

He was a member of the firm of Sabonadiere & Co., 
and later of that of Cumberbatch & Co. 

To the glory of God and in memory of the under- 
mentioned N. C. Officers and men of the 80th Com- 
pany, Royal Artillery, who died whilst stationed 
in Ceylon, 1901-1902. 

Here follow the names of a Corporal and 5 Gmmers 
R. A. and of a Private of the A. O. C. 

To the glory of God and in loving memory of Edwis 

Abthub Russell Benham, eldest son of Edwaed 

Benham, of Syon Lodge, Isleworth. 
Bom the 2nd of March, 1851. Died at Colombo on 

the 2nd of March, 1905. In God I have put my 

trust. 

In memory of Sir Alexander Murray Ashmobb, 
K.C.M.G., died at Colombo, 7th Dec, 1906; 
after distinguished service in the Gold Coast, 
Ceylon, Cjrpms, the TransvaaJ, and British Guinea, 
he returned to Ceylon in 1904 as Lieutenant- 
Govemor and Colonial Secretary. This tablet is 
erected by the Members of the Ceylon Civil Service. 

Sir Alexander was in the Ceylon Civil Service from 
1876 to 1894, filling the offices of Police Magistrate, 



( 27 ) 



St. Peter's Church, Fort— contd. 



Serial No. 
53 



Date. 

Dec. 7 
1906 



Name. 

. Alexander Murray Ashmore — 

contd. 



54 



1904-1906 



Men of the Worcestershire 
Regiment 



55 



April 9 
1908 



R. K. Hyslop 



Inscription. 



PanwOa, 1878 ; Office Assistant, Western Province, 
1883 ; OfiSce Assistant, Central Province, 1884 ; Police 
Magistrate, Kandy, 1882 ; Government Agent, 
Sabaragamuwa, 1892 ; Principal Assistant to the 
Colonial Secretary, 1892-1894. In the latter year he 
acted as Colonial Secretary, Gold Coast, and was 
appointed Receiver-General, Cyprus, 1895. He was 
on the Transvaal Concessions Commission, 1900-1901, 
and became Government Secretary, British Guinea, 
1901, for a time administering the Government. 

" Firm." 

THE WORCBSTBRSHmE BEGIMBNT, SECOND BATTALION. 

In Memory of the following Non-Commissioned 
Officers and men who died wMle serving in Ceylon, 
1904-1906. 

Here follow the names of Corporal C. Bagnall, 
a Lance-Corporal, and 14 Privates. 

In memory of Lieut. R. K. Hyslop, Royal Engineers. 
Died Colombo, 9th April, 1908. Aged 24 years. 

He was a son of the late Colonel Maxwell Wither 
Hyslop. 



Galle Face Burial Ground. 

The Galle Face Burial Ground was opened in 1803. " On the borders of the lake of Colombo, on the 
south side of the Fort, lies another burial ground lately enclosed with palisades. It was rendered necessary for 
the garrison by the uncommon mortality which followed the campaign of 1803." (Cordiner, vol. I. , p. 42.) A wall 
was built round it towards the end of 1805, and the first inscription dates from 1809. It was consecrated 
by the Bishop of Calcutta (Middleton), after the consecration of St. Peter's, Fort, on May 22, 1821. It was called, 
rather flippantly, in the thirties and forties, "Padre Bailey's Godowns," after the Ven. Archdeacon Bailey, 
who chiefly officiated there during that period. 



Serial No. 
56 .. 



Date. 

Jan. 1 
1809 



Name. 

William Fraser 
David Dunn 



57 



June 10 
1812 



Richard Owen 



58 



June 13 
1815 



William Willerman 



Inscription. 

Sacred to the memory of Bombardier Will Fkaseb 
and Davbd DtraiTN of the Royal Regt. of Artillery, 
the former aged 24 and the latter 27 years, who 
were unfortunately drowned in Colombo Lake on 
the 1st day of Jany. , 1809. This stone was erected 
by a brother of the former, who deeply regrets the 
melancholy accident. 

A brother's feelings who can tell 
Like those who feel a brother's love ? 

Here lies the body of Ric ha rd Owen of the Royal 
Staff Corps, who was bom at Llanberis in Carnar- 
vonshire, North Wales, and died at Colombo on the 
10th of June, 1812. He was for several years and 
in many laborious campaigns the servant of 
Lt.-Col. Willerman, who sincerely lamented his 
death, and now lies by his side. 

Sacred to the memory of Lieut.-Col. William 
WiLLERMAif, D.Q.M.G., who died on the 13th of 
June, 1815, aged 41. To an ardent zeal in the 
performance of his military duties Lieut.-Col. 
Willerman united many acquirements, which 
grace the character and elevate the profession of a 
soldier. He had an extensive knowledge of ancient 
and modern languages, mathematical and astro- 
nomical science, and in military and topographical 
drawing he was eminently skilful. He had served 
with distinction in Flanders, Portugal, and Spain, 
and the decisive success of the late Kandian war 
was attributed by his grateful commander to his 



{ 28 ) 

Galle Face Burial Ground — contd. 

Serial Xo. Date Name. Inscription. 

58 .. June 13 .. William Willerman— confai. arrangements and combination. His manners were 
1815 mild and polished, his moral conduct honourable 

and upright. His religious opinions were founded 
on a firm belief in the Gospel and an humble 
reliance on the mediation of our blessed Saviour. 
The character of such a man was regarded with 
alieotionate esteem, his untimely death with 
deep regret. He was buried at his own desire close 
to the grave of his faithful servant, and this monu- 
ment was erected by Lieut. -Gen. Sir Robert 
Brownrigg , G.C.B. , who long had known his worth, 
and will ever deplore his loss. 

A stone obelisk. 

" He was seized with a violent fever on Friday, the 
10th, on Tuesday morning at 2 o'clock he became 
insensible, and at 7 he expired. 

" He Nvas the son of a Swiss Gentleman, descended 
from a noble German family, married to an English 
Lady of the Ancient Family of the Keckwicks (Keke- 
wich) in Devonshire, where he settled, and where 
Major Willerman was born. 

" In the beginning of the year of the breaking out 
of the French Revolution he was serving in the 
Dutch Guards of the Prince of Orange, through whom 
he obtained a Commission in the British Army. In 
1803 he was promoted Lieutenant of the Staff Corps, 
and he accompanied Sir John Moore to Sweden, and 
was present at the battle of Corunna. 

'■ To an extensive acquaintance with the Greek, 
Latin,German, Dutch, Spanish, and French languages, 
he added a correct knowledge of the principles of 
Mathematics and Astronomy. His talents in drawing, 
in perspective, his power of seeing at a glance the 
features and bearing of a Country and combining their 
relative positions with scientific precision, his ardour 
in the pursuit of Geographical knowledge and felicity 
of execution in every species of Military Plan or 
Topographical Drawing were entitled to the rank and 
character of real genius. He may be called the 
inventor of a kind of panoramic landscape drawing in 
whic.h more than ISO degrees of a Circle are represented 
to the eye, and his views executed upon this principle 
of some remarkable scenes, particularly the battles of 
Viemiera, at both of which he was present, have been 
admired by some of the. first Painters of the age. 

" His private excellence, mildness of disposition, 
and engaging behaviour will be long remembered with 
deep regret by those who were admitted to his more 
intimate acquaintance. 

" Owen had been with him through many dangers 
and hardships in Sicily, Portugal, and Spain, and he 
wished to be buried at his side. It was proposed to 
bury him in the Church, but Captain King stated that 
ho had heard him frequently declare his choice, if he 
died at Colombo, to have his grave close to the coffin 
of Richard Owen. 

" His eminent services in Flanders, Sicily, Portu- 
gal, and Holland have been repeatedly honoured with 
the approbation of His Royal Highness the Duke of 
York, the Duke of Wellington, Sir Ralph Abercromby, 
and Sir John Moore, and the fruits of his superior 
topographical genius will long remain in the Military 
Arcliives. 

" Lieu tenant- General Brownrigg knew Major Wilier- 
man's worth for years past, whose Companion in the 
Field he had been in some trying scenes , who witnessed 
his bravery, admired his attainments, and reaped the 
advantage of his aid, to whom he fully attributes in 
a great degree the success which attended the late 
operations in the Kandyan Provinces." {Gazette, June 
13, 1815.) Captain King was A.D.C. to General 
Brownrigg. Fort King was named after him. 
A Tribute to the Memory of Maior Willerman, 

by a Friend. 
Here sleeps the man whose noble soul pursued 
And labour'd solely for the public good. 
Who never from his arduous purpose swerv'd 
With joy obeyed and with devotion served. 



( 29 ) 



Galle Face Burial GxounA—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


58 .. 


June 13 
1815 


William Willerman— cow«d. 



59 



60 



Sept. 6 
1816 

Jan. 28 
1816 



Nov. 21 
1816 



James Sheridan 
Margaret Anne Sheridan 



Samuel Allen Wheeler 



61 



62 



Jan. 3 
1817 



Jan. 27 
1817 



Brindley Hone 



John Campbell 
Barrington Haswall 
William Conyngham Coane 



Inscription. 
The task performed, he sought no gainful post 
Nor wish'd to glitter at his Country's cost. 
Erom duty's path he never turned aside 
To pluck a wreath from pleasure or from pride. 
And in this age, for high achievements fam'd. 
With proud distinction Willerman is named. 
With more than comraon talents amply bless'd, 
Of every brilhant excellence possess'd, 
His were the sweet urbanities of life, 
The temper mild, untouched by envious strife. 
Unquestioned courage and a spotless name, 
His modest merit dignified his fame, 
Endow'd by natine with an active mind, 
To no contracted, narrow views confined. 
And though that mind to taste and science dear 
Too soon has left its habitation here. 
Why should we sorrow for its early flight 
To the fair fields of unalloy'd delight ? 
Death could to Willerman present no stiug. 
Who serv's his God, his Country, and his King. 
(Gazette of July 12, 1815.) 

Here Mes Bombdr. Sheeidak, Royal Artillery, who 
died on the 6th Sept. , Anno Domini 1816. Aged 22 
years. And Mabgabet Ai^-ne Sheridan, who 
died on the 28th Jany., 1816, aged 3 years and 10 
months. 

The daughter's name is given as '' Sarah " in the 
register. 

To the Memory of Captain Saml. Allen Wheeler, 
of His Majesty's 1st Ceylon Regt., who departed 
this life 21st November, 1816. Aged 42 years. 

He was appointed to the 1st Ceylon from the 80th 
Kegiment, June 30, 1812. He appears to have died 
at Galle. Letters of administration were issued to 
Lieutenant Paul Secluno, 1st Ceylon Regnnent, who 
also belonged originally to the 80th Regiment, and 
who had joined the 1st Ceylon, October 26, 1810. 

To the memory of Lieutenant Brindley Hone, of 
His Majesty's 1st Ceylon Regiment, who departed 
this life 3rd January, 1817. Aged 30 years. 

He joined the 1st Ceylon as a Second Lieutenant, 
April 6, 1810 ; Lieutenant, March 4, 1815. 

In memory of Ensigns John Campbell, Barrington 
Haswall, William Conyngham Coane, of His 
Majesty's 73rd Regiment, who were accidentally 
drowned in Colombo Roads when returning to the 
port from H. M. Ifhigenia on the night of 27th 
January, 1817. 

A large urn of masonry on a pedestal, conspicuous 
from the high road. 

Ensign J. Campbell joined the Regiment on July 29, 
1815, and was senior Ensi^ ; B. Haswall joined on 
August 1 ; and W. C. Coane on August 4, 1815. The 
latter was a brother of Major Anthony Coane. 

The following account of the catastrophe is taken 
from the Gazette. There is no memorial to Lieutenant 
Saunders, R.N. , who perished at the same' time. 
" Forster " should be Foster. The ofi&cer referred to 
was Lieutenant Isaac Foster of the Ceylon Regiment, 
who served for many years afterwards in Ceylon : — 

"On Monday, the 27th, about 8 o'c. in the evening, 
a Cutter from the Frigate Iphigenia was upset a 
little distance from the Zeburgh Battery. 

" There were on board Lieut. Saunders of the 
Iphigenia, Mr. Windsor, a Midshipman, eight seamen, 
and a boy, with Lieut. Forster of H. M. 2nd Ceylon, 
and Ensigns Campbell, Haswall, and Coane of the 
73rd Regiment. 

" Lieut. Forster, the Midshipman, and 6 seamen 
were saved, but Lieut. Saunders, all the three 
officers of the 73rd, two seamen, and a boy unfortu- 
nately perished. 



( 30 



Galle Face Burial Giowni—contd. 



Serial No. 
62 .. 



Date. 

Jan. 27 
1817 



Name. 

John Campbell, &c. — conld. 



63 



Feb. 9 
1817 



William Orr 



Inscription. 

" The night was clear and the moon shone bright, 
but the wind was blowing fresh, and the sea was 
running high. A great sea broke over the beam 
quarter, and she was instantly filled and turned keel 
upwards. Two of the seamen who could not swim 
clung to the boat and were saved. Lieut. Forster 
got hold of an oar, and with the help of one of the 
seamen reached the harbour, where after being nearly 
exhausted he was assisted by Mr. Windsor in saving 
himseK upon a Dhony. The other seamen escaped 
by swimming. Ensign Campbell was thrown upon 
the rocks at the mouth of the harbour, and every 
means were used in vain by the Medical Gentlemen 
to restore his lifeless body. In the course of the next 
morning Ensign Haswall and the bodies of the two 
sailors were found, and at 5 o'c. the two officers and 
the boy were interred in the burial ground on the 
South Esplanade. 

" H. E. the Governor, with the Staff, the Chaplain 
and Officers of the Iphigenia, the 73rd and the Officers 
of the other Regiments, and the Artillery attended. 
The Rev. Mr. Twisleton officiated. 

" The seamen were interred at 8. The two Officers 
were buried in one grave. On the morning of the 
30th, the body of Lieut. Saunders was brought ashore 
by Fishermen, and his fioneral was attended in the 
evening by the Commandant and all the Officers 
in Garrison. He was buried close to his fellow- 
Bufterers. 

" The body of Ensign Coane, we regret to say, has 
not yet been found. 

" Lieut. Saunders was much esteemed for his 
excellent disposition and lively temper by his brother 
officers. 

" The three young Officers of the 73rd were newly 
arrived from England. Ensign Coane was a re- 
markably fine young man, and a brother of Captain 
Coane of the same Regiment. He afterwards lost 
three other brothers in the service of their country, 
one at Buenos Ayres, another on the frontiers of 
Portugal at the battle upon the Coa, and a third who 
died of fatigue in a Campaign against the Mahrattas. 
He had a fourth brother, a captain in the 73rd 
Reg., who was severely wounded at the battle of 
Waterloo. 

" Ensign Haswall was to have performed a principal 
part in a play shortly to be performed." 

H. M. S. Iphigenia, Captain J. Tancock, was just 
about to start for home. She had arrived at Trinco- 
malee from Madras, July 20, 1816, bringing Sir 
William Coke. She left the Cape in April, 1816, 
" three weeks before the Challenger." She was then 
under the command of Captain John Rejm.olds. She 
left Trincomalee again for the Cape in 1817, and was 
to leave the Cape for England on October 16 of that 
year. The body of Ensign Coane appears never to 
have been recovered. There is no entry of his burial 
in the register. 

Sacred to' the memory of the late William Oeb, Esq., 
of H. M. Ceylon Civil Service, who departed this 
Ufe on the 9th February, A.D.1817. Aged 42 years. 
Leaving a wife and five children to lament his 
loss. 

He died at Colpetty, at the house of Robert 
Boyd, the Commissioner of Revenue. 

The first mention of William Orr is in 1800, when 
we find him " Resident of Magam Pattoo," a title 
and office inherited from the Dutch. He wrote a 
"Report on the Magam Pattoo," in which "the 
Leways or Natural Salt Reservoirs of the District of 
Mature " are described, dated October 17, 1800. 

Next, in 1802, he is " Superintendent of the Cotton 
Plantation at Carselle " (Karisal, in Mannar Island), 
and in that year he was suspended and committed 
for trial before the Supreme Court for iU-treating 
two coolies, giving them "18 or 20 stripes with a 



( 31 ) 



Galle Face Burial GrouM—contd. 



Serial No. 
63 .. 



Date. 

Feb. 9 
1817 



Name. 

William Orr — contd. 



64 



May 20 
1817. 



Patrick McGill 



65 



May 21 
1818 

Dec. 31 
1818 



James William Squire 
Crutwell 

James Nicholas tJrutwell 



Inscription. 



rattan." The charge was inquired into at Mannar 
by George Lusignan (No. 88), the Assistant Collector, 
on Jiine 18, and Orr discharged and allowed to resume 
duties. On April 14, 1803, he forwards a " plan of 
the Cotton Grounds," and asks for a ^n and screw 
to be sent to him from Colombo. He also wishes to 
be empowered to compel the wives of " WalUah " 
{VcUaiyar) coolies to work gathering cotton, as he 
cannot prevail on them to work, but this Lusignan 
does not approve. It was at this time decided that 
the establishment should be immediately suppressed, 
unless Orr thought it " desirable from the state of the 
plantation to keep up apart of it for some time longer." 
Lusignan calls on Orr to send in proposals re the 
Cotton Plantations. The Board of Revenue wishes to 
know whether any one would rent it (July 22, 1803), 
and Lusignan thinks that if Orr will not rent it, no one 
else will, and recommends the sale of the plantation 
by lots, as well as of the house, garden, and materials ; 
also of the cotton, which will probably sell well, " as 
there has been no intercourse with Candi for some 
time." Finally, Orr is told by the Board that he may 
retain " an establishment sufficient to keep the 
ground clear of weeds, and to report the extent that 
should be maintained, and for how long it should be 
maintained. ' ' But Orr reported that he had ' ' dissolved 
the Cotton Plantation entirely, as there is no hope of 
ever being able to procure returns adequate to the 
expense." On. October 1, 1803, he agreed to rent the 
plantation for seven years at a rent of one risdollar 
a year. Government to assist with coolies, and cotton 
to be free of all duties during that period. He bought 
the cotton remaining at 29 pagodas a tolam. In 
December he reported the state of the plantation to 
be very flourishing, but wanted 60 coohes, for whom 
Lusignan informs him that he must pay. But this 
arrangement seems to have soon come to an end j the 
plantation, house, and grounds were to be sold by 
public auction on October 7, 1804, and Orr had 
become successively Customs Master at Jaffna and 
at Trincomalee. He was an Assistant in the Pay- 
master-General's Office in 1808, and Sitting Magistrate 
of Negombo in June, 1809. He was Collector at 
Matura from January 2, 1811; Commissioner of 
Stamps from January 1, 1813; and Collector at 
Mannar from September 1, 1814. He died while 
holding this last appointment, and must have been 
on a visit to Colombo. He married at Colombo, 
February 12, 1808, Miss Margaret Mackay, and left 
five children. 

Sacred to the memory of Patrick McGill, late 
son of Qr. Master Serjt. T. McGill, who departed 
this life on the 20th May, 1817. Aged 13 years and 
4 months. 

Much regretted by his parents. 
The Quartermaster-Sergeant belonged to the 73rd. 

In memory of Lieut. James Squire Ckxttwell, who 
departed this life at Colombo, 21 May, 1818. 
Aged 37 years. Also of his soiu James Nicholas 
Cbtjtwell, who departed this life 31 Dec., 1818. 
Aged 3 months. 

This posthumous son was born on September 25. 
Lieutenant Crutwell belonged to the 83rd. 

" He had been seized with fever at Idamalpane, 
which Post he commanded, on the 14th, and set out 
on the 16th for Colombo, which he reached about 
midnight on the 18th, but his disorder increased with 
great violence until he simk under it on the morning 
of the 21st. Lieut. Crutwell had seen much service 
in Europe, and was well acquainted with several 
of the languages spoken on the Continent. He was 
a good proficient in Mathematical knowledge, which 
he applied practically to Military Topography. He 
has left, we regret to add, a Widow and 3 children to 
lament his loss." (Gazette.) He married, June 5th, 
1812, at Clifton, Somersetshire, Mary . 



( 32 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 
66 ., 



Date. 

June 1 
1818^ 



Name. 

Alexander Russell 



•37 



Aug. 3 
1818 



James Smith 



68 



69 



April 23 
1819 



Aug. 18 
1819 



John Hogarth 



Susanna Rogers 



70 



Sept. 12 
1819 



John Kelly 



70a 



Feb. 5 
1821 



Alexander Cadell 



71 



Feb. 17 
1821 



Thomas Smyth 



72 



Jan. 11 
1822 



William Phillips 



Inscription. 



Here lies the body of Alexander Russell, Sergeant 
in the 83rd Regt., who was born in NewMonkland 
in the County of Lanark, resided for some years at 
Huntley in Aberdeenshire, and died on the 1st of 
June ,1818. He had served in Spain and Portugal. 
He was wounded at Badajos, and was present in 
almost every battle won by the Duke of Wellington. 
Fighting for his country like a brave soldier, he 
received a mortal wound at Panella, and he died 
at Colombo like a good Christian. 

A large proportion of the men of the 83rd County 
Dublin Regiment, which arrived in Ceylon in 
November, 1817, from Cork and from the Cape, 
were veterans of the Peninsular War. 

Sacred to the memory of Lieut. James Smith, late 
H. M.'s 83rd Regt. in which he had served from its 
foundation until the day of his death, and in the 
West Indies and the Cape of Good Hope and 
through all the campaigns in Portugal and Spain. 
He died at Colombo on the 3rd August, 1818. 
Aged 42 years, deeply regretted by his Brother 
Oflficers. 

Sacred to the memory of Lieut. John Hogakth, 
2nd Bengal Volunteer Battalion, who died on board 
the Mary, transport, laying in Colombo Roads, 
23rd April, 1819. 

This monument is erected by his brother Ofi&cers as a 
mark of esteem for his memory. 

Sacred to the memory of Susanna Rogers, wife of 
R. Rogers, Esq., Ordnance Dept., who departed 
this life 18th August, 1819. Aged 35 years. 

Also of Mary, their daughter, died the 9th Oct., 1829. 
Aged 2 months. 

R. Rogers was Clerk of the Check, Civil Depart- 
ment of Ordnance, 1814, 

Sacred to the memory of John Kelly, of the Band 
of H. M. 83rd Regt., who died Sept. 12th, 1819, 
in the 26th year of his age. His sorrowing com- 
panions have erected this stone as a mark of their 
high admiration of his character as a man and as a 
"Christian. 

Adieu lov'd friend. Where thou art. gone 

Adieus & farewells are not known, 
For those who reach that blessed shore 
Shall hear this parting word no more. 

Sacred to the memory of Alexander Cadell, Esq., 
of His Majesty's Civil Service on this Island and for 
many years Civil and Military Paymaster-Greneral, 
in which Offices His kind manner and strict integrity 
obtained for him universal Regard and Approbation. 

He was preparing to return to his native Country 
when attacked by the illness of which he died, 
February 5th, 1821. 

He was born in Stirlingshire, North Britain, Feb. 
9th, 1781. 

A granite obelisk (see No. 8). 

To the memory of Thomas Smyth, late Sergt. in 
the 83rd Regt., who departed this Ufe on the 
17th Feb., 1821. Aged 25 years. 
Come brothers all with head and heart 

And drop a tear ere you depart 
For one whose virtues were sincere 
Till death had laid his body here. 

Captain W. Phillips, of His Majesty's 83rd Regt. , 
who departed this life January 11th, 1822. Aged 
41 years. 

"On the 20th (Feb., 1818) a party arrived from 
Taldenia under Lieutenant Philhps, 83rd Regiment, 



( 33 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial Xo. 
72 .. 



Date. 

Jan. 11 
1822 



Name. 

William Phillips— con<<J!. 



73 



Feb. 5 
1822 



Charles Ataell 



74 . 



75 



76 



77 



May 19 

1822 



July 3 
1822 



Julys 
1822 



June 17 
1823 



John Todd 



John Bannerman 



James Collins 



William Richardson 



Inscription. 



. at Hanwella, detached by Major Hext, to procure 
communication from thence. On his march 
Lieut. Phillips had been attacked, and a running 
fire kept up nearly the whole distance while 
passing Halhalle. The party sustained no loss 
whatever. Lieut. Phillips remained at Hanwella 
till the m.orning of 24th, during which no attack 
was repeated, and leaving 10 men of his party 
there, returned to Taldenia, meeting with a similar 
opposition to that he experienced in marching 
from it on the 20th, but equally without loss." 
(Gazette.) 

Lieutenant Phillips arrived at Colombo from 
the interior with Lieutenant Brahan, of the same 
Regiment, and Lieutenant Thomas Wilkinson, of the 
1st Ceylon Regiment, on November 25, 1818. 
Taldenia = Teldeniya, in Lower Dumbara, 12 miles 
from Kandy. Hallialle = HaUyela, is in the valley 
below, and close to Mad'iigoda Resthouse, in Uda 
Dumbara, 13J miles from Teldeniya. Hanwella is 
3 or 4 miles from Madugoda in another valley ,- 
towards Mim^ure and the Matale District. 

Sacred to the memory of Lieut. Charles Abell of 
H. M. 83rd Regt., who departed this life 5th 
Feb., 1822, aged 32 years. 

Lieutenant Abell was Commandant at Chilaw 1819- 
20, and appears to have been stationed afterwards 

at Kurunegala. He is no doubt the " Lieut. A 

of the 83rdRegiment" who accompanied Lieutenant- 
Colonel Jam.es Campbell, the Commandant at Kuru- 
negala, in 1822, on an " excursion" to Nahagedara, 
which combined sport and a tour of inspection. The 
Colonel says of him : "he volunteered to be of the 
party, but the character of the country bemg 
pretty well known, and the latter having his wife, 
a very lady-like person, then at Kurunega?!!^ 
with him, I was surprised, yet pleased, at his 
offering to accompany m.e ; for he was both an 
intelligent and an agreeable companion." ("Bxoilr-; 
sions, Adventures, and Field Sports in Ceylojsv^l" 
vol. II., p. 148.) He adds: 'fat this season it was 
thought by the natives that we had nothing to 
apprehend from sickness." The expedjtiiiJnj how- 
ever, was an unfortunate one for Lieutenant?^ bell. 
" On our way back to KurunegaUa, Mf.'A— ^-M-toM • 
me that the report of his gun, when fireflj shodK ajn^ 
annoyed him a good deal; for his head ached, 
and he did not feel himself well." The Sui'geqh, 
a few days later, reported him to be in great daiigei?, 
as the fever with which he had been attacked 
could not be subdued, and advised his being 
removed to the sea coast. " He was consequently 
sent off, accompanied by his greatly alarmed and 
sorrowing wife (both in palanquins), attendiCjJ' by 
the Surgeon as far as I could permit him to ^Srwjth 
them. But, alas ! poor A's days were numbered, 
for he died soon after reaching Colombo." (Ibid., pp. 
151-2.) 

Gunner Todd, late of the Royal Artillery, who de- 
parted this life at Colombo, XIX. May, 1822, 
aged 33 years. 

John Bannbemann, late Quarter Mr. Segt. 83rd 
Regt., who departed this life 3rd July, 1822, 
aged 35 years. 

Sacred to the mernory of Sergt. Jambs Collins, of 
H. M. 83 Regt., who departed this life 3rd July, 
1822, aged 28 years. 

This stone was erected by his brother Masons. 

In memory of Lieut. William Riohabdson, late of 
His Majesty's 83rd Regt. Bom in March, 1797, at 
Glentecle in Ireland. Died 17th June, 1823, at 
Ootooankandi, aged 26 years. 

He married Eliza, widow of Lieutenant T. H. Green, 
at Colombo, on October 28th, 1822. Ootooankandi 
(Utuwankanda) is visible from the railway, and is 

82-09 



34 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 

77 .. 



78 



Date. 

June 17 
1823 



Jan. 23 
1824 



Name. 

William Ricliardson — contd. 



79 .. May 27 ., 

1824 



William Russell 



John W. Summerfleld 



80 . . May 4 
1824 



. John Scott Rigney 



&1 .™_„iHay24 ., 
1824 



Felix O'Hara 



82 



83 



June 10 

1824 



June 14 
1824 



John Wall 



Henry W. Brahan 



Inscription. 

known as " Pulpit Rock," where the robber Sardiel 
was captured in 1864 by Sir Frederick Saunders, then 
Assistant Government Agent of Kegalla. The village 
is on the Colombo-Kandy road, and was the seat 
of the Assistant Agency of the Four Korales in the 
thirties, but was superseded by KegaUa. 

Sergeant William Russell, H. M. 83rd Regiment, 
who departed this life on the 23rd January, 1824, 
aged 30 years. 
But according to the Gazette he was 45. 

Sacred to the memory of Lieut. J. W. StrMMEKFiELD, 
of H. M. 83rd Regt., who departed this life on 
the 27th May, 1824, aged 29 years. 

He was a son of Major Thomas SiimmerSeld, also 
of the 83rd, and brother of Mrs. Twynam, mother 
of SirWiUiam Twynam, K.C.M.G., late Government 
Agent of the Northern Province. 

He was gazetted from the half-pay of the 83rd to be 
Superniomerary Lieutenant in the 2nd Ceylon Regi- 
ment, February 1, 1818, and to be 1st Lieutenant in 
the same Corps, December 24, 1818. He took part in 
the operation against the Kandyans in 1818, and was 
at the Katugastota ferry on July 19 of that year, 
when an accident occurred to some of Captain Piper's 
party returning from an expedition. There were in 
the ferry boat, or " catchpinel,"* Captain Piper, 
9 men, 5 women, and 2 boys. It began to leak ; the 
women got frightened and rushed to the other side, 
knocking Captain Piper into the water. Lieutenant 
Siunmerfield and his Sergeant of Pioneers and a 
boatman jumped into the water and succeeded in 
saving three of the women, but the other women and 
three pioneers were drowned. He appears after the 
close of the operations to have been stationed at 
Kandy, and on.January 9, 1820, we findhijn proceed- 
ing to Colombo with Captain Antill from Amunapura. 

Sacred to the memory of Lieut. Joh:n Scott Rigney, 
of H. M. 16th Regt., who departed this life at 
Colombo on the 4th of May, 1824, aged 43 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Lieut. Felix O'Haba, of 
H. M. 16th Regt., who departed this life on the 24th 
day of May, 1824, aged 32 years. 

Lieutenant O'Hara appears to have been Com- 
mandant at Padenij'a, 15 miles north of Kurmiegala, 
when Lieut.-Colonel James Campbell took up his 
duties as .Judicial Agent of Government for the Seven 
Korales in 1822, and he accompanied the latter on "an 
extensive excursion," which he made shortly after 
his appointment, " by the way of DamVjool to the 
beautiful but much dreaded neighbourhood of Minery 
Lake," and thence "across Nem'acalava " to the 
Kala-oya and Kantalai, returning by Padeniya to 
Kin?iuiegala. An account of this trip is given in 
Campbell's book, " Excursions, Adventures, and Field 
Sports in Ceylon," vol. II., pp. 167-260. He refers 
to Lieutenant O'Hara as '' a great favourite of mine," 
and " my obliging and agreeable friend, O'Hara." 
O'Hara died at Wiyangodde (Veyangoda ?) on his 
way to Colombo, sick no doubt of fevor or dysentery. 

Sacred to the memory of Lieut. John Wall, of H. M. 
16th Regt. of Foot, who departed this life on the 
10th day of June, 1824, aged 40 years. 

Lieutenant Wall was Staff Officer of Seven Korales, 
July 1, 1822, to May 25, 1824. 

Sacred to the memory of H. W. Brahan, son of 
Lieut. H. Beahan, who departed this life on .the 
14th of June, 1824. 

(See No. 84.) 



* This word is written by D'Oyly, catapinelU 
The word Jcattuppinai is now used for catamaran- 



It is the Tamil kattuppinal, and probably meant a raft on two canoes. 



( 35 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground— cowi^Z. 



Serial No. 
84 .. 



Date. 

July 2 
1824 



Name. 

Henry Brahan 



85 



86 . 



Feb. 26 

1825 


Eliza Moore 


Ma,rch 16 . 
1820 


. William Moore 


April 27 
1825 


Maria Lusignan 



87 



88 



June 3 
1825 



Aug. 28 
1825 



John Swinney 



George Lusignan 



Inscription. 



Sacred to the memory of Lieut. Hbnby Bkahan, 
late of H. M. 83rd Reg., who departed this hfe at 
Colombo, 2nd July, 1814, aged 44 years. 

This stone is erected by his four children, who deeply 
lament his loss. 

Possibly a brother of Lieutenant John Brahan of 
the same Regiment. He took part in the operations 
against the Kandyans in 1818. " On the 6th (Oct., 
1818) Major Coane sent out another party under 
Lieut. Brahan, who was fortunate enough to capture 
EUepola Adigar and his wife." {G'jzetie.) This wa« the 
celebrated Ehelapola. Lieutenant Brahan returned 
to Colombo, November 25, with Lieutenant Summer- 
field (No. 79). 

His eldest daughter , Mary Ann, married at Colombo , 
January 13, 1818, Lieutenant and Adjutant Henry 
Houf-'h, 83rd Regiment. 

Judging from his age he was a "ranker." The 
83rd, "much to its credit, had more officers in it 
who had been raised from the ranks than any other 
I have ever come across. They were not a little 
proud of this, and often talked of it. I can remember 
seven or eight of them at this distance of time." 
(Major Skumer in 1891, foe cit., p. 8.) 

Sacred to the memory of Eliza Mooeb, the beloved 
wife of Sergt. Moore of H. M. 16th Regt. of Foot, 
who departed this hfe 26 Feb., 1825, aged 36 years. 

Also of Wm. Mooee, their youngest son, who departed 
this life on the 16th March, 1820, aged 10 months 
and 16 days. 

In memory of Makia Lusignan, eldest daughter of 
Geoege Lttsignan and Augusta, his wife. Born at 
Trincomahe, 20th April, 1806. Died at Colombo, 
27th April, 1825. 

0. D. R. 
(See No. 88.) 

This stone is placed here over the remains of Private 
John Swinney, 16th Regt., by a master who is 
deeply sensible of the loss he has sustained by the 
death of so faithful (a) servant. Died on the 3rd 
June, 1825. 

In memory of George Lusignan, Esq., who, having 
filled various important situations in the Civil 
Service of this Island, died at Colombo, 28th 
August, 1825, in the 41st year of his age. 
0. D. R. 

Lusignan was one of " three boys of 13," the 
others being Sylvester Gordon and Robert Barry, 
who accompanied Governor North to Ceylon in 1798. 
They were borne on the Governor's &st establish- 
ment as " Copjrists," each at £100 a year. Lusignan 
is described by him, in a letter to the Hon. Heiu-y 
Dundas, Secretary of State, dated January 16, 1798, 
as " a good linguist, knows French, ItaUan, Greek, 
Latin, and Turkish, and is intended to succeed his 
father as Kin^^'s Interpreter." (Wellesley MSS., 
in Ceylon Literary Register, vol. XL, p. 228.) 
This destiny was not to be fulfilled, and Lusignan 
remained in Ceylon. On August 6, 1800, he was 
appointed Acting Secretary to the Committee of 
General Superintendence, and to the Law Committee 
in October, 1801, and by March, 1802, he was 
Assistant to Lieutenant-Colonel Barbut, the Com- 
missioner Extraordinary of Revenue and Commerce 
at Jaffna. On his death he succeeded him as 
" Agent of Revenue and Commerce " (a title subse- 
quently abandoned for that of "Collector") there. 
May 25, 1803, and continued to hold that appoint- 
ment for 2 J years. The circumstances which then 
brought about a change are related in Mr. Walter 
Frewen Lord's book 6n " Sir Thomas Maitland," 
from which I reproduce the following: — "The Col- 
lector of Jaffnapatam was a protege, not to say a 



( 36 ) 

Galle Face Burial Groxmi—contd. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

RS Ana 98 Runrep -Lnsiennn—rontd favourite, of North's, He had been rapidly advanced 

•• Aug. 28 .. George Lusignan contd. .. [^ ^j^^ ^^;^i,^^^^d although not much over twenty 

^ ®^^ years of age , he held one of the principal CoUectorships 

in the Island. He was ignorant of the language,* 
and completely in the hands of his sherishdar and his 
nominees. Private trade was not then definitely 
prohibited to Civil Servants, and the Collector traded 
largely on his own accoimt through the sherishdar.-] 
The Collecforate, of course, was ruined, and the 
country-side was in dismay. Maitland felt that the 
case must be dealt with immediately. He sent for the 
Collector and remonstrated with him, but without 
effect. He sent for him a second time, and the 
Collector almost told him to mind his own business. 
" I am sorely tempted to make an example of him," 
Maitland wrote, and he would have been perfectly 
justified in doing so, for although Maitland's know- 
ledge of men told him that the Collector was only a 
very foolish yotmg gentleman, his proceedings had 
all the appearance, not only of incapacity, but of 
flagrant dishonesty. But nothing would induce the 
Governor to publicly reprimand a Bang's officer if he 

could by any possibiUty avoid doing so the 

alternative course was that which the Governor 
adopted. He promoted the Collector from Jafifna- 
patam to Colombo. Here he had him imder his own 
eye ; and he persuaded the Collector of Colombo to 
exchange for Jaffnapatam .... 

' ' Thus appearances were saved. But there remained 
the recovery of the balances due to Government from 
the Collector personally and in his official capacity. 
These balances the Governor was by no means 
disposed to forego ; and yet their recovery wpuld 
necessitate a very long and complicated inquiry. In 
the ordinary course of the service this would have 
fallen to the new Collector, but Maitland would not 
hear of that. It would, to begin with, throw a vast 
deal of extra work on him, which he had not bargained 
for when he consented to the exchange ; and it would 
also in great measure undo the good of the exchange. 
So he deprived himself of the services of one of the 
ablest Civihans in the Island — ^Mr. Alexander Wood— 
and placed him on special duty for the inquiry. Thus 
everybody's susceptibilities were spared, at the 
expense of heavy labour on the part of the Governor. 
But Maitland had not done with the peccant Collector 
yet. He summ.oned him before Council and gave him 
a last chance. By this time the Collector had begun 
to understand what crossing the Governor meant. 
He made his submission, promised to do better, and 
was dismissed to his work with a reprimand, but not 
a pubKc reprimand. Maitland immediately inter- 
ceded for him with the Secretary of State. He was a 
very young man he urged, and quite capable of doing 
good work in the future. He almost made it a 
personal matter that the young man should be forgiven, 
and forgiven he was." 

Of Lusignan' s administration of the " Northern 
Provinces " glimpses are to be obtained from the 
.Jaffna diaries, but there is nothing to show that 
everything was not as it should be. There are 
itineraries of his circuits. He proposed to substitute 
for the joy tax (a tax on jewellery and ornaments) 
a head tax of 2 rixdollars, 1 J, or J rixdoUar, according 
to caste, aU castes being comprised under three classes 
(1804). He went over to Mannar from Arippu on 
October 25, 1803, to settle matters for an expedition 
into the Wanni under Captain Drieberg, "for the 
recapture of MuUetivoe. ' ' He has schemes for making 
advances in money and paddy to the people of the 



* I rather doubt this, in view of his capacity as a linguist, as testified to by North. — J. P. L. 

■j- This word has never, so far as I knc^v, been used in Ceylon. Probably the author means the " Peshoar to the Collector." 
In 1801 this " important office was held by a Moodeliar." (Jaffrw Diary.) The Cutcherry Interpreter was the most important 
native official on the Collector's stafE, and next to him was the Peshcar. During the Company's rule, 1795-98, Indian names 
were used to desoriba officials. There were on the Cutcherry staS at Jaffna, besides the Interpreter; an Aumildar, a Peshcar, a 
Sumprady, 4 or 5 Coniooplies, a Tombu Coniooply, and 6 Gomashtahs, and the Respadoors, or collectors of revenue under the 
Dutch, were re-appointed. There were 40 in " the Provinces of Jafina." There were also 37 Maniagars, and under the Maniagars 
were the " Parpattaoarars," a local title now extinct, meaning the people " who look after things." In 1804 there were 378 of 
them in the JaSna Provinces. There were also Patteagatyns for the fishers, and in the Mannar District a " Mottocara," a title 
that might be revived at the present day, for headmen appointed to prevent excessive speed by motor cars. 



( 37 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground— cowicZ. 



Serial No. 
88 .. 



Date. 

Aug. 28 
1825 



Name. 

George Lusignan — contd. 



89 ., 

90 ., 

91 ., 

92 . 



1825 



Nov. 29 
1825 



June 5 
1826 



Oct. 4 
1826 



Caroline Rowen 
Mary Beaumont 

John Fraser 

Robert Thompson 



93 



Nov. 29 
1826 



John Frederick Holland 



94 



Dec. 1 
1826 



Emily Garstin 



Inscription. 

Wanni to assist them in repairing the broken tanks 
and in sowing their fields, which he proposes to the 
Board of Revenue (August 16, 1804). 

Lusignan became Agent of Revenue, Colombo, 
on November 13, 1805, exchanging with William 
Montgomery, November 5, 1806, the Province mean- 
while remaining under the charge of Alexander Wood. 
He was appointed Provincial Judge of Trincomalee, 
February 26, 1806, and of Matara on July 13, 1808. 
He was Collector of Trincomalee from January 2, 
1811, and continued to act as such after he had 
received the appointment of Auditor- General until 
December 1, 1817, when he took up the Secretaryship 
of the Home and Judicial Department. He was 
Deputy Secretary to Government and Secretary for 
the Kandyan Provinces from 1819 until his death. 
It is perhaps significant that in 1811 the address 
which was given Sir Thonaas Maitland on his retiring 
from the Governorship, though it was signed by 
Civil Servants all over the Island, as well as by the 
Military, does not contain the name of Lusignan. 
He married at Colombo, March 27, 1805, at the age of 
20, Augusta Daniel. They lost a son at Trincomalee, 
March 31, 1812, aged 6 years and 10 months. 
Mrs. Lusignan died at Edmonton, October, 26, 1857, 
having thus survived her husband 32 years. 

Mr., Mrs., and Miss Daniel arrived from Madras 
with the Rodneys by the ship Glory in April, 1804. 

Caeoline, daughter of Quarter Master W. Rowen of 
the 16th Regt., who departed this life 2nd — , 1825. 

Sacred to the memory of the late Maey Beatjmont, 
widow, who departed this life on the 29th Nov. , 1825 , 
aged 70 years. 

To the memory of John, eldest son of Major John 
Frasee, H. M. Ceylon Reg., who died at Colombo 
on the 5th June, 1826, aged 1 year and 8 months. 

Sacred to the memory of Capt. Robt. Thompson, late 
of H. M. 83rd Regt., who departed this life 4th 
day of Oct., 1826, in the 65th year of his age. 
He was in active service 48 years. His kindness 
and affection as a husband and father gave addi- 
tional strength to the firmness and intrepidity of 
the soldier. 

This tablet is erected as a slight token of the great 
regard of his only surviving child and daughter. 

His eldest daughter, Barbara, married at the Fort 
Church, Colombo, December 2, 1818, Andrew Mitchell 
Gibson, Esq., of the naval service of the H.E.I. C, 

a younger brother of William Carmichael Gibson and 

Lewis Gibson. 

Sacred to the memory of John Fkedeeiok Holland , 
late merchant of Colombo, who departed this life 
on the 29th day of Nov., 1826, in the 31st year of his 
age. He is deeply regretted by those who knew 
his kindness and constancy as a friend, and his 
exemplary conduct as a son. 

There is a case, 'H.oWa.nd versus Winter, reported in 
Ramanathan's Reports, vol. I. 

Emily, sixth daughter of the Rev. Noeman Gaestin, 
Colonial Chaplain. Bom in Ireland, Dec. 1, 1815, 
and died at Colombo, Jan. 4th, 1826. 0. D. R. 
(See No. 108.) 

The letters O. D. R. occur also on the tombstones 
of Nos. 86 and 88. The O probably stands for ossa, 
as in O. T. B. Q., ossa tua bene quiescant ; O. I. B. Q., 
ossa illius bene quiescant; O. E. B. Q. R. C, ossa 
ejus bene quiescant resurgent condita, so that O. D. R. 
may be ossa demwm resurgent. (See Lewis and Short's 
Dictionary. ) 



( 38 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground— contd. 



Serial No. 
96 .. 



Date. 

Feb. 10 

1827 



Name. 

Thomas Bayly 



Inscription. 



June 27 
1827 



John Parker 



Sacred to the memory of, the late Major Thomas 
Bayly, H. M.'s Ceylon Regiment, who departed 
this life on the 10th Feb., 1827, aged 47 years. 
He served his King and Country 28 years in Egypt,. 

India, and Ceylon. 
This simple tribute of respect by his afflicted family,, 
■who in him deplore the loss of an affectionate 
husband and indulgent parent and kind friend. 

Major Thomas Bayly was bom at Devizes, August 1 , 
1779. He entered the Navy, was Midshipman on 
board the Circe frigate. Captain Winthrop, and 
taken prisoner in the first French War, 1793-98. 
He was treated with much severity during one 
year's captivity in the Citadel of Lille. When 
reUeved on the exchange of prisoners he returned 
to England. Having purchased a commission in 
the Connaught Rangers, he embarked with a 
detachment of his regiment in 1800 to join its 
headquarters at Bombay. On his arrival he found 
that the regiment had proceeded to Egypt, and 
followed it immediately, under the command of 
Sir David Baird. In that expedition he gained the 
Egyptian medal. On the cessation of hostilities 
he returned to the detachment left at Bombay, and 
was with it engaged in active service until 1804, 
when he was promoted to a captaincy in the 3rd 
Ceylon Regiment. He served with that regiment 
in Travancore and in other parts of the coast of 
Southern India, where it was assisting in quelling 
instirrections, and also in the Kandyan War of 1815, 
and to the end of the rebellion of 1817-18. He 
was in command of the troops at the execution of 
the chief Ellapola at Kandy on October 27, 1818. 

In 1818 he was appointed Commandant and Agent 
of Government of Three Korales, with headquarters 
at Buanwella, where he remained until his death. 
Here "Major B., the Commandant, not only paid me 
every attention, but also gave me much information 
about the surrounding country." (Campbell, p. 60.) 
He " died at Grand Pass on his way to Colombo 
from his station, which he left for the benefit of 
medical advice." He left a widow and nine children. 
" He was so universally known and respected that it 
must be quite unnecessary to offer any panegyric." 
[Gazette, March 3, 1827.) 

Major Bayly married, as an Ensign at Calcutta, in 
1800, Lydia Hammond, the daughter of an officer of 
the East India Company's Service. She died at 
Nuwara Eliya in 1848. Three of their sons went into 
the army. One was Captain F. B. Bayly, Ceylon 
Rifles. Another son, Robert Lionel, was in the 
Customs. The eldest, Thomas, was gazetted 2nd Lieu- 
tenant in the 3rd Ceylon, November 26, 1815, and was 
in that corps in 1816, and afterwards in the 19th and 
20th Regiments. He died at the Cape. 

Major Bayly was Commandant at Matara in 1811- 
13, where one of his sons, Charles Bisset, was born, 
and at Amunupura in 1816, where another son, Henry 
Hardy, was bom. His only surviving daughter 
married Lieutenant Duvernet, C.R.R. (see under 
"Nuwara Eliya"). 

In the Uva rebellion he was engaged in co-oper- 
ating with Major MacDonald in the operations in 
Welassa (see "The Uva Rebellion," pp. 6, 14, 16, 18, 
30). 

Captain John Pakkbe of His Majesty's Ceylon Regi- 
ment. Died 27th June, 1827, aged 56 years, 
leaving a disconsolate Widow, who caused this 
stone to be erected in memory of departed worth. 
Captain Parker came from the 46th Regiment and 
joined Ramsay's Regiment (subsequently called the 
Ceylon Regiment or the 2nd Ceylon Regiment) as an 
Ensign. He was in command of a party of this regi- 
ment at Katadenia (Kotadeniyawa, or Fort Frederic, 
on the Maha-oya, near Giriulla) in February, 1803 
(see Cordiner, vol. II., p. 170). About the middle of 
1804 we find him writing about the recruits for BaUlie's 
Regiment (the 3rd Ceylon) at Jaffna. On September 
1, 1804, he was appointed Adjutant of his regiment. 



( 39 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground— cowirf. 



Serial No. 
96 .. 



Date. 

June 27 
1827 



Name. 

John Parker — contd. 



97 



June 26 
1828 



Robert|Haddock 



Inscviption. 



and on September 5, 1805, he is gazetted Lieutenant, 
vice Loughlin, deceased ; Captain, 3rd Ceylon, June 4, 
1805; Captain, 2nd Ceylon, February 10, 1810. He 
was at that time Commandant of Hambantota, where 
he was succeeded by Captain Hardy, 19th Regiment, on 
October 17,1810. Captain Parker and Quartermaster 
John Staples of the 2nd Ceylon Regiment were tried 
before the Supreme Court, December 9-10, 1811, for 
the murder of Captain James Brown of the same 
regiment, whom Captain Parker had shot in a due]. 
Parker was foimd guilty of manslaughter, and 
sentenced to one week's imprisonment in the common 
jail of Colombo. Staples was acquitted. There is a 
short summary of the trial in the Gazette of December 
18, 1811, reprinted in the Ceylon Literary Register, 
vol. III., pp. 2, 3. The duel took place at Galle on 
November 17, 1810. Captain Brown was shot in 
the right side and died instantly. There is no record 
of the burial of Captain Brown, and his death is not 
given in the Gazette. He had married, April 18, 1808, 
Julia Eliza, daughter of the Hon. and Rev. T. J. 
Twisleton by his first wife. 

This was the first trial by jury in the Island " under 
the new Charter of Justice," and the Chief Justice, 
Sir Alexander Johnstone, presided at it. Capt. Parker 
married at Galle, in 1820, Petronella Confadie {sic). 
(See No. 164.) 

Sacred to the Memory of Bt.-Major Robt. Haddock, 
late of H. M. 97th Regt. of Foot, who was 
unfortunately killed by an elephant whilst 
sporting in the Neighbourhood of Ruwanwelle, on 
the 26th June, 1828, aged 41 years. Erected by 
his Widow. 

Captain, March 25, 1824. He was also " Agent of 
Government for the Kandyan Provinces of the 
Three Korles," having succeeded Major Bayly in that 
position, and his headquarters were at Ruwanwela. 
An account of the circumstances attending his death, 
taken from the deposition of Private Charles Young 
of the 97th, who witnessed it, is pubKshed in the 
Gazette of June 28, 1828. " Yesterday evening Major 
Haddock, Mr. Francis Bayly, and his brother went 
out at Ruanwelle to shoot a wild elephant that 
was in the jcmgle near that place. The gentlemen 
stationed themselves at a distance from each other 
outside the jimgle, some Cingalese people getting 
inside to drive the animal out. The elephant first 
came out where Mr. F. Bayly was stationed, who fired 
a shot and the elephant retreated again. About 
half an hova afterwards the elephant came out a 
second time near where Major Haddock and the 
deponent were posted — at that time the two Mr. 
Bayly's had joined them and they all fired together at 
the elephant, who stumbled but recovered himself and 
retired into the jungle ; the gentlemen then separated, 
but met on the other side of the jungle and loaded — 
the Cingalese people were then sent in to beat — 
Major Haddock placing the gentlemen in position at 
a distance from each other. Shortly afterwards the 
' elephant came out of the jimgle exactly where Major 
Haddock and the deponent stood, and so close upon 
them that the Major had scarcely time to level his 
gun ; having fired the Major retired upon the depo- 
nent, who then fired and turned the elephant. Major 
Haddock then ran round a bush and the elephant 
unfortunately coming in contact with him on the 
opposite side, seized him with his trunk round the 
body, threw him on the ground, and placing his foot 
upon the Major's breast, trampled upon his body. 
The deponent turned round for a double-barrelled 
gun that was with a Lascoryn, who, however, had 
disappeared. The deponent then went up, took hold 
of Major Haddock and pulled him away from under 
the elephant ; upon which the elephant tiu-ned roimd 
and went off. Major Haddock was not then quite 
dead, but apparently drawing his last breath : he 
could not speak. The deponent ran for the doctor 
of the station, but the Major died previous to his 
return." 



( 40 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 
97 .. 



Date. 

June 26 

1828 



Name. 

Robert Haddock — ocmtd. 



98 



June 30 
1828 



Hugh Fraser 



99 



1828 



John Woodford 
Thomas Woodford 



100 



April 10 
1829 



Alfred Mylius 
John Manwaring: 



Inscription. 

The death of Major Haddock is referred to by- 
Major Forbes in his " Eleven Years in Ceylon," 
vol. I., pp. 144-6, but he had evidently not seen this- 
account of it, for he attributes it to his inexperience 
and to the fact that he " had entrusted his spare gun 
to, a native, who fled when the animal first rushed out 
from the jungle." The disappearance of the native 
with the gun, it is clear from this account, made no 
difference whatever in the result. Strange to say 
Tennent does not mention the occurrence, though he 
tells every story that there is to tell about the elephant 
in Ceylon. 

Major Forbes states that Sir Robert WUmot 
Horton, Governor of Ceylon, erected a stone pillar 
with an inscription to mark the precise spot where 
Major Haddock met his death (p. 145). There is a 
stone pillar about a mile from Ruwanwela, which, 
tradition says, marks the spot, but it is an ancient 
Sinhalese pillar, and bears no trace of letter or inscrip- 
tion. It may, of course, have been used for tlis. 
pinpose, instead of the inscribed pillar originally 
intended. 

The Gazette goes on: "Major Haddock was not less- 
esteemed for his gentlemanlike deportment in society 
than as being a gallant officer and a good soldier. He 
had seen a great deal of service abroad, and in the 
course of the Peninsular War received three medals 
as honorable testimonials of his distinguished services 
in the field. His loss will be deeply felt by his brother 
officers and by those who had the pleasure of his 
acquaintance, but above all by his affectionate and 
now disconsolate widow, whom with three infant 
children he has left behind to mourn his melancholy 
and mitimely fate." 

Six service companies of the 97th Regiment 
arrived in Ceylon in the latter part of 1824. Major 
and Mrs. Haddock came out with the headquarters 
of the regiment in H.M.S. Princess Charlotte, which 
left England on April 10. On board also were Colonel 
and Mrs. MuUer and Thomas Skinner, afterwards 
Major Skirmer {see "Fifty Years in Ceylon," p. 59). 

To the memory of Lieut. -Col. Hugh Feasek, com- 
manding the Royal Eegt. of Artillery in the Island 
of Ceylon, who died on the 30th of June, 1828, 
aged 56 years. 

He is described in the Gazette as " late of Green- 
wich." He died at Trincomalee, it appears. He had 
" served His Majesty 34^ years in the Royal Regi- 
ment of Artillery with zeal and fidelity in various 
parts of the world. He was interred with the Military 
Honors due to his rank and was followed to the grave 
by most of the Civil andMihtary Officers of Colombo." 
{Gazette, July 5, 1828.) 

In memory of John and Thomas Woodford, who 

died in this Colony, Lieuts. of H. M. Ceylon Rifle 

Regt., aged the former 33 and the latter 26 years. 

This stone is raised by an affectionate brother. 

, Colombo, November 27th, 1828. 

No particulars available, except that Thomas died 
Jime, 1828, and John also in 1828. 

To the memory of Captain Alfred Mylitts, of the 
Ceylon Rifle Regiment, who died 10th April, 1829. 
Aged 36 years. Also that of Captain John Man- 
WAHESTG, of the same Corps and Staff Officer of 
Kandy, who died 17th April, 1829, aged 36. 

Two attached friends who were each deeply lamented! 
by their brother Officers. 

(For Manwaring see under "Kandy.") 
Alfred Mylius was the eldest son of Baron F. 
Mylius, and was bom March 8, 1793, at Frankfort. 
He was for a time a Midshipman in the Royal Navy. 
He joined the 2nd Ceylon Regiment, August 10,. 
1807. In the war of 1815 he was with the 8th 
Division, and defeated the Kandyans in a skirmish 
at "Wissenave," January 29, pursued the king to 
Teldeniya, February 15, and was in the vicinity of 



(41 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground— contd. 



Serial No. 
100 . 



Date. 

April 10 

1829 



Name. 
Alfred Mylius, &e.—contd. 



101 



Dec. 30 

1829 
Dec. 5 

1817 



Eva Conrady 
Christiana Conrady 



102 



Feb. 17 
1830 



John Thomas Burslem 



103 



April 9 
1830 



Edward Finch 



104 



105 



April 18 
1830 



May 1 
1830 



Rose Araminta Edwards 



Kenneth Mackenzie 



Inscription. 
Medamahanuwara when he was captured on February 
18. In the Uva rebellion his post was at "lUeka- 
wella" in Seven Korales. ("Uva Rebellion," pp.42, 
44-, 45.) The Gazette of April 18, 1829, states that he 
" had given numerous proofs of being a good officer. 
He was a very honourable and upright character, 
highly esteemed by his brother officers, and respected 
by all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance." 

He got his company April 29, 1819. 

He married August 13, 1827, at Kandy, Sarah 
Swinburne, who was a sister of Lieutenant and Adju- 
tant Joseph Swinburne of the 83rd Regiment. His 
son, Frederic Henry, born June 12, 1828, at Kandy, 
became a Lieutenant in the 15th Regiment, and was 
stationed with it at Kandy in 1848. He was after- 
wards Rector of Elmdon, near Birmingham, where he 
died January 8, 1896. He married at Streatham, 
September 3, 1857,Fanny, daughter of John Boustead, 
Paymaster of the 1st Ceylon Regiment, and his son. 
Rodney, is a planter in Ceylon. 

Sacred to the memory of Mrs. E. Conkady, widow of 
the late J. F. Conrady, Esqr., who departed this 
life at Colombo on the 20th Dec, 1829, aged 
64 years 8 months, and sincerely regretted by 
her family and friends. Beneath lieth also the 
remains of Cheistiana Conrady, daughter of tlie 
above, died at Colombo, 5th Dec, 1817. 

Mrs. Conrady was a daughter of Martinus Meckern 
of Groningen, Secretaris van Pohtie at Colombo, and 
Judith Charlotta Lever of Bergen-op-Zoom. She was 
the second wife of Johan Friederich Conrady. 

Captain Percival says ("Ceylon," p. 136): "At 
some of the Dutch houses, and in particular at 
Mynheer Conrade's at Colombo, I found the dishes 
extremely well dressed, and the fish in particular 
appeared exceedingly palatable to an Englishman." 
The credit was probably due to Mrs. Conrady (or 
Conradie, or Conradi, for we find all these versions of 
the name). The Conradis no doubt entertained 
largely, and many daughters of their numerous family 
married officers. Although J. F. Conrady had held 
high office under the Dutch Company, h^ started busi- 
ness in Colombo, after the British occupation, as an 
auctioneer. There was another family in Colombo 
named von Conradi , represented by Charles Frederic, 
Baron von Conradi, who married the eldest daughter 
of Captain Schneider in 1813. The two families were 
probably connected. 

Sacred to the memory of Lieut. John Thomas 
Burslem, 61st Regt., who died 17th Febr., 1830, 
aged 23 years. 

The 61st (South Gloucestershire), now the 2nd 
Battalion Gloucester Regiment, served in Ceylon, 
1828-40. The headquarters arrived by the Arab 
in November, 1828, and in the same month part of 
the regiment by the E. I. Company's chartered ships 
Maitland and James Sihhald. 

In Memory of the Hon'ble and Revd. Edward Finch, 
son of Heneage and Louisa, Earl and Countess of 
Aylesford, sometime Senior Colonial Chaplain and 
Principal of Schools in this Island. 

Born February 25th, 1792. Died April 9th, 1830. 

He arrived at Colombo by the Morning Star, 
October 5, 1827, having been appointed Colonial 
Chaplain at GaUe and Acting Chaplain to the Forces. 
In 1829-30 he was Senior Colonial Chaplain, ap- 
parently stationed at Colombo. 

Sacred to the memory of Rose Araminta Edwards, 
who departed this life the 18th April, 1830. 

This stone was placed here by her truly affectionate 
daughter. 

Sacred to the memory of Lt. Kenneth Mackenzie, 
58th Regt., son of Lieut. -Genl. Mackenzie, aged 
20 years. He died on 1st May, 1830. Deeply and 
sincerely regretted by his brother officers, by whom 
he was much esteemed. 

82-09 



( 42 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial Ko. 
105 . 



Date. 

May 1 
1830 



Name. 

Kenneth Mackenzie — contd. 



106 



Jan. 6 
1831 



Henry John Whiting 



107 



Jan. 29 
1831 



Stephen Beaufort 



108 



April 23 
1831 



Norman Garstin 



Inscription. 



' ' After a few days illness Lieut. Kenneth Mackenzie. 
Thus was cut off in the very spring of life, a young 
man whose highly honourable principles and man- 
liness of character gave every promise of being an 
ornament to the profession ; and had so fully engaged 
the esteem of his brother officers that the feelings that 
they have evinced for his worth , although they cannot 
but convey a melancholy satisfaction to his afflicted 
relatives, yet must at the same time more deeply 
impress upon their minds the severe loss they have 
sustained. His remains were attended to their last 
earthly abode by His Excellency the Governor and 
his staff, Sir Hudson Lowe and the greater part of 
the officers of the Garrison, and the whole of his own 
Corps off duty, who all appeared to feel a deep 
interest in the premature fate of this estimable young 
man." (Gazette, May 8, 1830.) 

His father was Colonel of the 58th Regiment (March 
1, 1828). Six service companies of this regiment, 
the Rutlandshire, now the 2nd Northamptonshire 
Regiment, were stationed in Ceylon, 1828-33. 

Sacred to the memory of Hbnby Johit, son of W. H. 
Whiting, Esqr., by his wife Elizabeth, born at 
Colombo on the 1st Dec, 1830, died 6th Jan., 1831. 
W. H. Whiting was in the Civil Service, 1826-56. 
He arrived by the ship Maitland, June 20, 1826 ; was 
Assistant to the Collector , Colombo , 1 828-32 ; married 
there, March 9, 1830, Elizabeth, fourth daughter 
of the Rev. N. Garstin (see No. 108) ; was Fiscal 
and Sitting Magistrate, Jaffna, 1832-33; Assistant 
Government Agent, Hambantota, 1833; Assistant 
Government Agent, Western Province, and District 
Judge, Foxxr Korales, 1833-37, with " a Cutchery at 
Ootooankandy " ; Assistant Government Agent, 
Eastern Province, and District Judge, Batticaloa, 
1837-39 ; Acting District Judge, Colombo, No. 1, 
North, 1839-43, during which period he came into 
collision with Robert Langslow, the District Judge of 
Colombo South ; and Government Agent, Eastern 
Province, 1845-56. His daughter, Elizabeth, married 
at Pussellawa on March 7th, 1854, James AlKx 
Wilkinson, late Captain, 15th Regiment, a brother of 
the " Gemini Generals," who took to coffee-planting, 
and bought Stellenberg and New Market estates (see 
No. 29). 

In memory of Stephen Bbatjkout, Esqr. , who departed 
this life on the 29th January, 1831, in the 52nd 
year of liis age. An affectionate husband, a Idnd 
father, a friend to tlie poor. 

Beaufort was, in 1823, supercargo of the ship 
Forbes, and arrived, with Mrs. Beaufort, at Colombo 
in November of that year. 

The firm of Beaufort & Huxham of Colombo became 
bankrupt in October, 1830. It was in existence in 
1823 or earlier. (See Bamanathan' a Reports, vol. I.) 

Anno Domini MDCCCXXXI. 

Vigesima Tertia die Aprilis His lapidibus subter 
depositse fuerunt Reliquiae Reverendi NoBMAif 
Gakstin A. M. quondam ^Edis Episcopalis Limeri- 
censis ex Prebendariis nuper Ecolesise Anglicanse 
hac insula peregrinantis senioris SaceUani Qui 
filius Anthony Gabstin Luthianensis Hibemia 
equitis Vixit LVIII tandemque hac via dignitatem 
assecutus est. 

He had been, besides Prebendary of Limerick, 
Rector of Kilpeacon in that diocese. Luthianensis == 
Louth. The Garstins still have a place, Castle 
Bellingham, near Braganstown, county Louth. 

The Rev. Norman Garstin was appointed Second 
Colonial Chaplain in 1821, and was stationed at 
Kandy from December, 1823, till the appointment 
of the Rev. Thomas Ireland in 1828. He was there 
again in June, 1832. A quantity of plate belonging 
to the deposed king was discovered in Kandy in 1823, 
and Mr. Garstin applied for it for the use of the 
Kandy church. Accordingly " a silver salver, a cup. 



( 43 ) 



Galle Face Burial GrouM—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


108 .. 


AprU 23 . 
1831 


. Norman Garstin'— con*rf. 



109 



June 6 
1831 



Maria Langford Wallett 



110 



Dec. 14 
1831 



JohB Walbeoff 



Inscription. ■<", 

■ and a pair of candlesticks," comprising part of the 
property, were handed over to him by Government. 
These articles have disappeared since then, and there 
is no note whatever of them beyond this extract 
from the Secretariat records dated December 26, 
1823. 

His eldest daughter, Eleanor Aim, married John W. 
Huskisson, C.C.S., at St. Peter's, Colombo, April 5, 
1825 ; his daughter Lucy married at St. Peter's, 
Colombo, February 12, 1825, Captain Botell Trydell, 
83rd Regiment ; his fourth daughter, Elizabeth, 
married at Colombo, March 9, 1830, W. H. Whiting, 
CCS. (see No. 106) ; his fifth daughter, Ann, married 
at Kandy, August 20, 1833, WUliam Lucas, Assistant 
Surgeon, CR.R. His youngest daughter married at 
Galle, David Baird Lindsay, August 10, 1843. His 
son, the Rev. Norman W. Garstin, LL.D., was the 
Colonial Chaplain at Galle. Another son was in the 
army. 

Makia Langfoed Wallett, 3rd daughter of Capt. 
Charles Wallett, of H. M. 61sfc Regt., died at 
Colombo, 6th June, 1831. 

(See No. 22.) 

Major Wallett, 61st Regiment, arrived with 
Mrs. Wallett and Miss Constantia B. Wallett, 
November 18, 1828, when the chartered E. I. Co. 
ships Maitland and James Sibbald brought part of 
the 61st. 

Constantia Emma WaUett married at Kalutara, on 
April 8, 1829, Captain Sadleir, 58th Regiment. 

Sacred to the memory of Joinq- Walbeofp, Esqr., of 
H. M. Civil Service in Ceylon, who died at Colombo 
on 14th Dec, 1831, in consequence of an accident 
in hunting in Kadirany, deeply regretted by his 
children and friends. Aged 39 years. 

Walbeoff was appointed 2nd Assistant at the 
Secretariat, January 2, 1811 ; Assistant to Collector, 
Colombo, and Vice-Ptesident of the Land Raad, 
Negombo, December 25, 1811 ; Assistant Collector, 
Chilaw, January 1, 1813 ; Collector, Chilaw and 
Puttalam, February 1, 1814; Superintendent, Cin- 
namon Plantations, 1822. This "situation was one 
of the most important and lucrative under the (Dutch) 
Government." ( "Autobiography of a Periya Durai," 
Ceylon Literary Begister, vol. III., p. 322.) It was 
continued under the British Government so long as 
cinnamon remained a Government monopoly. His 
headquarters, while Superintendent of the Cinnamon 
Plantations, were at Madama, Colombo, where there 
was a cinnamon depot, and he had a bungalow at 
Kadirane, where there were a store and a court-house. 
The bungalow, store, and court-house are to be seen 
at Goluwapokuna, four miles from Negombo. A 
square building there with verandah aU round is still 
known as the Nadu Salawa (court-house). 

While Walbeoff was Collector of Chilaw in 1815, 
the Shaw Allum transport, on a voyage from Mauritius 
to Calcutta with detachments of the 22nd and 87th 
Regiments, numbering about 250 men, went out of 
her coxjrse, mistaking the western for the eastern coast 
of Ceylon, and had to anchor off the island of 
Karativu in ten fathoms of water, surrounded by 
breakers and rocks, and with a heavy sea breaking- 
over her. Lieutenant Fenton managed to get ashore 
in a small boat and communicate with Walbeoff, who 
immediately set off to render assistance with several 
large boats from Calpentyn, reached the Shaw Allum 
on the evening of August 2, and disembarked the 
detachments at Calpentyn on the 5th, whence they 
marched to. Colombo. ("Asiatic Journal," Ceylon 
Literary Register, vol. V., p. 78.) 

He married, February 19, 1817, Jane, daughter of 
Baron von Lynden, Assistant Collector of Customs 
at Ja&a, and formerly of the Dutch army, but the 
marriage did not turn out a happy one. He sent his 
wife back to her parents in 1825, and to England a 
year later with her children, who were to be sent to 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


110 ,. 


Dec. 14 
1831 


. . John Walbeoff 



( 44^ ) 

Galle Face Burial Grouni—contd. 

Inscription. 

-contd. . . school. She returned by the Elphinstone, leaving 

London.February 22,1829, other passengers being the 
Tittertons and Mr. Trant. Titterton and Trant were 
witnesses at the trial, which was the result of this 
voyage, viz., an action by Walbeoff against Mitchell, 
Surgeon of the ship, which is reported in Ramaruithan's 
Reports, vol. I., pp. 135-142. 

tValbeoff was a great sportsman, and died from the 
effects of an accident while himting deer at Kadi- 
rane, through his horse carrying him with violence 
against a tree. He started at 3 p.m., and Mr. James 
Caulfield (see No. 32), his assistant, saw him shortly 
afterwards supported by Mr. Waring, another of his 
assistants, and another person, and carried in a chair. 
He informed him that " whilst in chase of some deer 
his horse ran against a tree and he fell off." His 
clothes were marked with green as if he had come 
against a tree. Caulfield put him in a carriage and 
was taking him to Colombo, when in Silversmith street, 
at 12.30 A.M., he died. He was seen in the carriage 
at Caulfield's house at Colombo by Dr. Kinnis, but 
he was then dead. An inquest was held at Colombo 
on December 13 by J. S. Rodney, Sitting Magistrate, 
and a jury of 13, on which were the Ven. J. M. 
S. Glenie and Lieutenant Joseph Vincent (No. 114). 
{Gazette, December 14, 1831.) 

According to tradition, the accident took place on a 
part of the plantations which now forms an estate 
called " Waringbungalowatta."- The tree was a 
cashewnut tree, and in the herd of deer that Walbeoff 
saw was one that was milk white — as it happened, a 
bad omen. 

The funeral was attended by the Governor and 
the Civil and Military officers. Walbeoff was very 
popular among the natives, judging from a letter in 
the Oazette of December 28 signed " ladiophilus " 
(probably S. Casie Chetty). This was owing to his 
goodwill and kindness towards them. " He was 
known as ' The good gentleman,' and was in every 
respect the father of the fatherless and the help of 
the poor." At the trial referred to elsewhere the 
Judge remarked : " The plaintiff will have the satis- 
faction of knowing that every attempt to injure his 
character has failed." 

There is an account by Boyd, imaginary or partly 
founded on fact, of a duel between Walbeoff, whom he 
erroneously calls a Dutchman, and " a general officer 
of the name of Smith or Brown, or some very plebeian 
one of that sort,*' also of his picnics, shooting parties, 
£m.d all the other gaieties at Kadirane. 

There is alsd an incorrect account of his death ; 
it is said to have been due to family troubles, which, 
of course, it was not : " he was never seen to smile 
again, and some time' after his mangled body was 
found at the bottom of a high cliff, on the top of which 
his horse was found quietly crunching the sweet 

grass The natives believe that Walbeofi's 

ghost still haunts the precincts of his old residence, 
and has been frequently met after dark wandering 
about the walks and glades of the cinnamon grounds." 
(Ceylon Literary Register, vol. III., p. 323.) 

The editor corrects this account by stating that 
Walbeoff was " not Dutch, but Welsh, of an old Pem- 
broke family, members of whom had been Governors 
of the Isle of Man. He was killed by a cheetah while 
hunting in Ceylon." The statement that the family 
belonged to Pembrokeshire appears to be incorrect. 
Mr. Edward Laws, an authority on Pembrokeshire, 
can find no trace of it there. So also is the statement 
as to the cheetah, but I think it must have been 
Walbeoff who had the two tame cheetahs described 
by Lieutenant-Colonel Campbell in his book (vol. II' > 
p. 381). If it was not Walbeoff, it was Henry Wright, 
at one time Agent of Revenue in Seven Korales. 

Walbeoff had, however, an adventure with two 
leopards, in which he was severely mauled, and it was 
probably an imperfect recollection of this incident 
which was the cause of Mr. A. M. Ferguson's mistake, 

A native was attacked by a leopard in the town of 
Negombo in May, 1812, and was badly wounded. 
Mr. Walbeoff, who was then the Assistant Collector, 



( 45 ) 



Galle Pace Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 
110 . 



Date. 

Dec. 14 
1831 



Name. 

John Walbeoff— cowfd. 



Ill 



March 2 
1832 

Aug. 21 
1832 



Anne Bond 
Sarah Bond 



112 



April 23 
1833 



Mary Titterton 



Inscription. 



went in pursuit on horseback armed with a double- 
barrelled gun, and followed by a servant carrying a 
rifle. He found the leopard in a small jungle a short 
distance off, fired at it with both barrels as it crouched 
behind a coconut tree, and wounded it. The leopard 
then sprang on him and fixed its teeth in the back of 
his head and his claws in his back, but after a time 
let go and went off. Walbeoff followed and shot it 
through the heart. It is stated that several instances 
had " lately occurred in the Island where the attacks 
of these destructive animals had not been confined to 
bullocks, &c., but has extended to the natives, many 
of whom have been severely wounded and some 
killed." This one measured, from " the tip of its nose 
to the insertion of its tail, 5 feet, and its tail 2 feet 10 
inches." (ffazeife. May 27, 1812.) An account of this 
adventure is given by Bennett, p. 184. 

Mrs. Walbeoff, after the death of her husband, 
married (2) Captain Irving, of a Westmoreland family, 
and after his death she went to England with an infant 
daughter. She married (3) Captain Fagan, C.R.R. , and 
lived after his death for many years with her daughter, 
Mrs. Noble, in whose house she died at a good old 
age." (Geylon Literary Register, vol. III., p. 389.) 

Walbeoft"'s elder daughter, Jane Eliza, married. May 
6, 1840, at St. Peter's, Colombo, Benjamin Dodsworth, 
M.D. , who was Caulfield's partner in coffee planting. 
He was in charge of Galmaduwa and Talwatta estates, 
about three miles below Kandy, on opposite sides of 
the Mahaweliganga, in the early forties. She died at 
Colombo, January 25, 1853. Their daughter married 
William Seward Le Feuvre, Superintendent of Police, 
1873-1890. His younger daughter, Katherine Eliza, 
married at Kandy. May 3, 1843, William Austin, 
planter of Hunnasgiriya. She died at Kandy, March 
26, 1844, aged ^9 years 4 months. 

Walbeoff's elder son, John, went to Cambridge, 
where he is said to have become a Wrangler as well as 
an athlete. He was in the Ceylon Customs, and died 
in England. He married Charlotte, daughter of R. C. 
Roosmalecocq. Their son, H. J. Walbeoff, was for 
many years Superintendent of Minor Roads in the 
Central Province. The other son , Frederic, employed , 
it is said, in the Survey Department, was buried at 
Trincomalee, April 24, 1849. 

Sacred to the memory of Anne, ■wife of Sergt. 
Saml. Bond of the Royal Artillery, who departed 
this life on the 2nd March, 1832. Aged 39 years. 
And to the memory of Saeah, daughter of the 
above, who departed this life on the 21st August, 
same year, aged 10 years. 

The good sense and beauty of this amiable girl 
gained her the affection of all who knew her, and 
to the deep lamented impression made upon her 
tender mind by the loss of her dear mother may be 
attributed the short time she survived her. Reader , 
whoever thou art, stop here and muse. Our 
life is short and transient, our death certain, the 
time and manner of it uncertain. Be ye therefore 
also ready, for in such an hour as ye think not the 
Son of Man cometh. 

This tomb is erected by the husband and father of the. 
above in token of his love and affection. 

Mary, wife of James Titteeton, Apothecary to the 
Forces, died at Colombo. Aged 42 years. 

J, Titterton died at Colombo, December 17, 
1836, aged 47 (no inscription). He married (2) at 
St. Paul's, Colombo, February 16, 1835, Jane 
WiUielmina Weerman. James Titterton was 
probably a son of " James Emanuel Titterton, Esq., 
of Enfield Wash, Middlesex," whose death at the age 
of 80 on November 8, 1835, is announced in the 
Ceylon Oazette. His daughter, Elizabeth Katherine 
Stewart, married Captain G, Schneider, May 19, 
1831. "Until 1832 he lived in a house in Colpetty 
belonging to John Walbeoff. He and Mrs, Titterton 
came out in the Elphinstone in 1829, which led to his 
being a witness in the Walbeoff case (see No. 110). 



( 46 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 
113 .. 



Date. 

July 27 
1833 



Name. 

Frederica Muller 



114 



Oct. 24 
1833 



Joseph Vincent 



Inscription. 



Sacred to the memory of Fbedebica Elizabeth, 
infant daughter of Col. Mullbb, who died at Mount 
Lavinia, 27th July, 1833. 

Colonel Henry F. MuUer was appointed to the 
command of the 1st Ceylon Regiment in January, 
1824, and subsequently was in command of the 
Ceylon Rifle Regiment, 1825-34, and also of the 
Fortress of Colombo. He arrived by the Pyramus, 
March 30, 1826. He was to have been tried by 
court-martial on October 1, 1834, on what charges- 
is not-stated, but sent in his unconditional resignation, 
which was accepted. He left Ceylon by the ship 
Seppings on September 25, 1834, and died at- 
Bremen in December, 1835. 

" He was a German officer, a nephew of Count 
Munster, and had been equerry to the Duke of Kent, 
in which capacity he went over to Germany to marry 
by proxy and bring to England the bride of His Royal 

Highness Colonel Muller was very kind to me. 

He had the private entree at Kensington Palace, the 
residence of the Duchess of Kent. My Colonel's 
wife was an extremely tall woman with very light 
hair, and would have been conspicuous anywhere." 
(" Fifty Years in Ceylon," by Major Skinner, pp. 
56-58.) 

There is another reference to Colonel Muller in the 
same book, which gives him rather a different charac- 
ter, but the date, 1819-20, is not reconcilable with 
the facts. Colonel Muller was not in command 
of the 1st Ceylon Regiment in those years, neither 
was the commanding officer a German. " We were 
commanded by a German officer, a nephew of 
Colonel {sic for ' Count' ) Munster ; he possessed a 
good deal of interest, but was a most arbitrary and 
cruel man. He tried and flogged for every offence ; 
at the constant punishment parades, sometimes two 
or three times a week, it was a common occurrence 
to see men faint and drop in the ranks" (p. 9). 
Major Skinner was evidently thinking of 1824-5, 
when he was Staff Officer and Colonel Muller was in 
command. 

His son. Lieutenant Muller, of the Ceylon Rifles, 
was drowned by the upsetting of a boat at the Cape 
of Good Hope in 1845. 

Sacred to the memory of Lieut. Joseph Vincent, of 
the 97th Regiment, who departed this life on the 
24th day of October, 1833, aged 33 years. 

The Officers of that Corps, desirous of commemorating 
their estimation of his many valuable qualities as 
an officer, a friend, and a companion, have erected 
this monument to their departed comrade. 

" On Thursday evening, at 5 o'clock, the remains 
of Lieut. Vincent, of H. M.'s 97th Regiment, were 
conveyed to the burial ground on Galle Face, accom- 
panied by the officers of his own Regiment, the Royal 
Artillery, the 61st, and the Ceylon Rifle Regiment. 
H. E. the Governor, the Major-General Coromanding 
the Forces, and several gentlemen of the Civil Service 
testifled by their attendance their respect for the 
memory of the deceased, in whom his brother officers 
have lost a worthy and honom'able companion and 
friend." {Colombo Journal, October 26, 1833.) 

Private John Masterson, of the 97th, was shot on 
Galle Face, September 25, 1833, for having struck 
Lieutenant "Vincent when the Lieutenant was in the 
execution of his duty as a member of a General Court- 
martial on August 30. {Ceylon Literary Begister, 
vol. III., p. 102.) 

This was the fourth and last mihtary execution in 
the Island, the others, which all took place also on 
the GaUe Face, or "Southern Esplanade" as it was 
called, being those of Private John Gould, 19th 
Regiment, on September 21, 1810, for mutiny at 
Galle ; Private John Stevenson, 73rd, on July 18, 
1814, for mutiny; Private John Jenny, 73rd, on 
October 27, 1817, for mutinous conduct and 
striking Captain Haddon Smith, of the same Regi- 
ment. 



( 47 ) 



Galle Face Burial GrouM—contd. 



Serial No. 
114 . 



Date. 

Oct. 24 
1833 



Name. 

Joseph Vincent — contd. 



115 
116 



Dec. 26 
1833 

Jan. 23 
1834 



James Smith 
W. Robinson 



117 

118 



Feb. 5 
1834 

May 24 
1834 



Henry Bruce Becltwith 
Mary Anne Ridsdale 



119 



Aug. 14 
1834 



Joseph Budden 



120 



June 8 
1835 



John Hastings Smith 



Inscription. 



William Boyd gives a detailed account of the 
execution of Masterson, and of the circumstances 
under which he struck Lieutenant Vincent, in the 
" Autobiography of a Periya Duiai," which came out 
in the Ceylon Literary Register, vols, II. and III., 
and was afterwards separately published. According 
to his story, which is probably partly imaginative, 
they were old friends and school-fellows, though it 
should be added that this statement is made on the 
authority of Captain LiUie, Masterson was a gentle- 
man ranker, and Lieutenant Vincent , whom he calls 
" Wallace," did his best to get him pardoned. The 
shock of finding that his efforts had been unsuc- 
cessful is said to have brought on brain fever, 
from which he died two days after the execution. 
Unfortunately for this story the interval was one 
month. (See Ceylon Literary Register, vol. 11, , pp. 
401-6.) Boydhad" forgotten Masterman's Christian 
name," and it will be noticed that he has made 
a slight change also in his surname. It is curious 
that the four unfortunate men were all called 
"John." Needless to say, the execution of Master- 
son was before Boyd's time. Boyd did not arrive 
xmtil 1841. 

James Smith, Esqr. , merchant of Colombo, who died 
26th Dec, 1833, aged 36 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Coir. -Sergeant W. Robestson, 
of H. M. 97th Regiment, who departed this life on 
the 23rd Jan., 1834, aged 30 years. 

He was a most affectionate husband, a kind father, 
a good soldier, an upright man, equally esteemed 
by the officers of his corps and all his brother 
soldiers. This tomb is erected as a tribute of 
respect to his memory by his disconsolate widow, 
who, with a young daughter, is left to mourn his 
irreparable loss. 

The 97th Regiment, now the 2nd Battalion Royal 
West Kent Regiment, was in Ceylon 1824-1836. It 
had ' ' only recently been raised. They were a fine lot 
of young fellows , the average age of the men being 
only nineteen. They retained their health in Colombo 
better than some of the other regiments." (Major 
Skinner, op. cit., p. 61.) 

Sacred to the memory of Henry Bbuce Beckwith, 
Esq., who died February 5th, 1834, aged 26. 

Sacred to the memory of Maey Anne, daughter of W. 
and S. Ridsdale (of the Cotta Church Mission), 
who departed this life May 24th, 1834, aged 11 
months and 20 days. 
Blissful transition from a world of pain 
To the bright realms where saints immortal reign. 

William Ridsdale married, April 7, 1832, at Colombo 
(St. Peter's), Susan Dorothea, eldest daughter of 
Captain F. W. von Drieberg. 

Sacred to the memory of Capt. Joseph Bttdden, of 
the 97th, who departed this Ufe on the 14th day of 
August, 1834, aged 49 years. 

His brother officers have erected this monument in 
expression of their regret in losing a worthy and 
estimable member of their Regiment, and their 
sense of his worth as an officer and a man. 

" Captain J. Budden from the 33rd Foot to be 
Captain 97th Regiment, June 22, 1826." He arrived 
at Galle, April 29, 1827, by the Maitland, which 
also brought W. H. Whiting for the Civil Service. 
He headed the address which the passengers 
presented to the captain of the vessel. 

Sacred to the memory of John Hastings Smith, the 
dearly beloved son of Major H. Smith, who died at 
Colombo on the 8th of June, 1835, aged 10 years 
and six months. 

This tomb is erected by his fond afflicted father as a 
small tribute to his memory. 



( 48 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 
121 ., 



Date. 

Dec. 24 
1835 

April 6 
1838 



Name. 

Thomas Hogg 
George John Hogg 



122 



March 30 
1836 



Katherine Charlotte Stewart 



123 



124 

125 

126 
127 



May 31 
1836 



Aug. 4 
1836 



Nov. 18 
1836 



Feb. 6 
1837 

May 1 
1837 



Isabella Grant 



John Hynde Cotton 

Alexander Duncan 

Anna Burton 
Ellen Ingham 



128 



June 6 
1837 



Florentina Longina Seraphina 
Theresa Sebastiana Josepha 
Bagenall 



Inscription. 



Sacred to the Memory of Thomas Hogg. Born 9th 
May, 1810, died 24th December, 1835, aged 25 
years 7 months and 15 days. 

And George John Hogg, born 25th October, 1817. 
Died 6th April, 1838, aged 21 years 5 months 
and 14 days. 

This tablet by their affectionate Mother, Catherine 
Hogg, Relict of the late Lieut. Thomas Hogg, 
H. M. Ceylon Regiment, 1839. 

Thomas Hogg, senior, was a Sergeant in the 3rd 
Ceylon Regiment in 1809 ;■ Quartermaster of the 
4th Ceylon, June 25, 1811. On the disbandment 
of the latter he joined the 2nd Ceylon, November 
25, 1816, and subsequently the 3rd Ceylon. He was 
Commandant at Idamalpane, 1816, and died at 
Atapitiya, 1818. He married at Colombo, June 3, 
1809, Catherine Burr, widow. 

Thomas Hogg, the son, in the Gazette of December 
31, 1831, "apprizes the Pubhcof this Settlement that 
he will on the 16th January, 1832, establish at his 
Premises, 9 Chatham Street, a Concern for the 
disposal of Merchandize on Commission." A daughter, 
BUzabeth, married at St. Paul's, Colombo, November 
14, 1831, Nathaniel Austin, son of Nathaniel Austin, 
Quartermaster, 3rd Ceylon, afterwards Deputy 
Assistant Commissary-General, Galle. 

Sacred to the memory of Katherine Charlotte, 
the beloved and lamented daughter of Algernon 
Stewart, H. M. Ceylon Civil Service, and 
Charlotte Anne his wife. Born 3rd February, 
1835. Died 30th March, 1836. 

Algernon Stewart was in the Civil Service, 1830-50, 
and retired as District Judge of Galle, February 18, 
1850. He married at St. Peter's, Colombo, November 
23, 1833, Charlotte Anne, daughter of Lieutenant- 
Colonel Clement, R.A. (see No. 132). She died, 
October 16, 1861, at Kensington Gardens. 

Erected by Captain T. J. Grant, H. M.'s 58th Regt., 
in memory of his beloved daughter Isabella, who 
died 31st May, 1836. Aged 2 years and 7 months. 

He married, March 27, 1838, at Trincpmalee, Isabel 
Bailey. A daughter, Mary Ann, was born at Kandy, 
October 31, 1832. 

To the memory of Lieut, and Adjutant John Hynde 
• Cotton, 90th Light Infantry, who died on the 4th 

August, 1836, aged 23. 
This monument is erected by his brother officers as a 
mark of their great esteem and affection. 

Sacred to the memory of Alexander Duncan, Esq., 
Asst. Surgeon in the 78th Regt., who died at 
Colombo on the 18th November, 1836, aged 22 
years. This monument was erected by his brother 
officers as a mark of their esteem and regret. 

Anna Bxjbton, wife of Thomas Burton, Chelsea 
pensioner, who died 6th Feb., 1837, aged 55 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Mrs. Ellen Ingham, 
wife of Major Ingham of the Ceylon Rifles, who 
departed this life on the 1st of May, 1837, aged 
31 years, leaving an afflicted husband, aged 
parents, and three children to lament her pre- 
mature loss. 

She was a daughter of Lieutenant Andrew Hope, 
Gun Lascars , and married ( 1 ) Captain Brahan , May 31 , 
1822, and (2) Captain Ingham, February 4, 1830. 

Sacred to the memory of Florentina Bagenall, 
Wife of the late Capt. John Doyle Bagenall, 
Ceylon Rifle Regt., who departed this life on the- 
6th June, 1837, aged 39 years, leaving a large 
family to deplore her untimely loss. 1841. 

Mrs. Bagenall, whose surname was Lequana, was 
Spanish, born March 14, 1798, and married Captain 
Bagenall, September 30, 1814. Captain Bagenall was- 



( 49 ) 

Galle Face Burial Ground — contd. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

128 .. June 6 .. Florentina Bageaall — contd. bom at MuUingar, Westmeath, May l, 1791, joined 

1837 the 87th Regiment as Ensign, January 4, 1807^ 

lost his left arm, and was wounded through the body 
at the battle of Talavera, Januaiy 28, 1809, went on 
half pay June 4, 1817, became Lieutenant in the 
29th Regiment March 5, 1827, and Captain in the 
Ceylon Rifles April 16, 1829, and came out to 
Ceylon in 1830. He left Ceylon as Brevet-Major in 
the ship Sarah on January 30, 1838, and died on 
the voyage home May 16, 1838. 

They had four sons: the eldest, William, joined 
the Ceylon Rifles, November 2, 1838, as 2nd 
Lieutenant; was employed in the Civil Engineer's 
Department in 1840; was Adjutant at Kandy in 
1846 ; on leave to England in 1847 ; became Captain 
on December 1, 1848; was Staff Officer of Trinco- 
malee in 1851-52, and left the Island in the latter 
year. He was, I believe, lost at sea withhis brother's 
family. 

The second brother, Henry S., was in the Civil 
Branch of the Ordnance Department from 1837, and 
was stationed at Trincomalee. He was transferred 
to Halifax, Nova Scotia, about 1852. At Halifax 
he married, on January 10, 1854, Louisa, daughter 
of Colonel Creighton, 95th Regiment. She and her 
family were all lost at sea on the voyage from Halifax 
to England, in charge of his brother William. He 
died about 1900. 

The third son, Edmund, was also in the Rifles, 
which he joined February 12, 1847. He left Ceylon 
in 1850. He was mauled by a tiger in the Madras 
Presidency , and died from the effects. 

The youngest brother, George, joined the 37th 
Regiment in Ceylon as Ensign, July 21, 1854. He 
was killed during the Indian mutiny at Arrah (see 
under " Dutch Church, Galle "). 

The second daughter, Isabel Maria, married Decem- 
ber 31, 1837, Lieutenant, afterwards Lieutenant- 
Colonel, J. M. Macdonald, C.R.R., who died at 
West Kensington some twenty years ago. Another 
daughter, Clara Anne, naarried at Kandy, July 

5, 1838, Lieutenant, afterwards Major, William 
John Kirk , of the same regiment. They lived in Edin- 
burgh. A third, Florentina Symonds, married April 

6, 1840, Ensign William Henry Underwood, 95th 
Regiment. He was transferred to the Ceylon Rifles, 
and retired in 1851 as a Captain, to live at the Manor 
House at Somerby, near Brigg, in Lincolnshire, the 
place associated with Tennyson's early days and of 
which Captain Underwood was squire. His eldest 
son is now the squire. He died in 1883. A foiu^h 
daughter, Cornelia Theresa, married at Galle, Jime 5, 
1844, Henry Templer, CCS. (see under " Kandy"). 
Their son is George William Templer, C.C.S., 1865- 
1895. 

Mrs. Underwood was buried at Trincomalee, May 
26, 1849, aged 26. 

129 . . July 20 . . Edward Norman Bull . . Beneath are deposited the remains of Edward 

1837 NoEMAN Bull, son of Lieut. Bull, 78th Highldrs. 

Died at Colombo, 20th July, 1837, aged 16 months 
and 16 days. 

130 .. Aug. 23 .. Arnoldina Johanna Roddy. . Johanna, the beloved wife of Capt. C. H. Eoddy, 

1838 Ceylon Rifle Regiment, who died at Kandy, the 

23rd day of August, 1837, and who was re-interred 
here the 19th of May, 1838. 

Deeply and sincerely regretted. 
Also to the memory of two children of the above who 
died in birth. 

May they rest in peace. Amen. 

2nd Lieutenant Charles Hamilton Roddy married 
on August 30, 1828, at Colombo, Johanna, youngest 
daughter of J. F. Conradi. Her age is given in the 
"Ceylon Almanac" as twenty-nine, but she was 
baptized at St. Peter's, Fort, on August 26, 1806. 
A son, Charles Martin Conradi, was bom January 
15, 1832, and baptized at Kandy, April 2, 1832, the 
sponsors being Colonel Muller, Captain Martin Con- 
radi, and Miss Anna Conradi. 

X, 82-09 



( 50 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 
131 . 



Date. 

Jan. 30 
1838 



Name. 

John Alfred Boultbee 



132 



June 10 
1838 



John Albeck Clement 



133 



Aug. 9 
1838 



William Gorges 
Caulfield 



134 



Aug. 25 
1838 



Robert Crowe 



135 



Dec. 15 

1838 



George Fleming 



136 



Feb. 8 
1839 



Mary Messiter 



Inscription. 

. . This stone is placed here at the desire of his mother 
to mark the spot where rest the mortal remains of 
her only son, John Alfred Boultbee, who, far 
from the solace of maternal affection, died rejoicing 
in the consolation of the Gospel, on the 30th 
January, 1838. Aged — years. 

There was a J. Boultbee at Madawalatenna in 
1842-4. 

. . Sacred to the memory of Colonel John Albeck 
Clement, commanding the Royal Artillery in this 
Island, who departed this life on the 10th day 
of June, 1838, in his 59th year. 
By his death his family were bereft of a kind, indul- 
gent, and affectionate Husband and Parent, the 
Service lost a zealous and meritorious officer, and 
Society one of its most estimable members. 

The Clement family had been settled at Steep, 
near Petersfield, Hampshire, from the seventeenth 
century. 

Colonel Clement's daughters : Elizabeth Maria, 
married, April 28, 1836, William Ogle Carr, after- 
wards Chief Justice; and Charlotte Anne, married, 
November 23, 1833, Algernon Stewart, CCS. (see 
No. 122). His eldest daughter, Mary Ann, married 
on February 7, 1832, at Woolwich, Sir Thomas Swin- 
nerton Dyer, Bart., then a Captain, R.A. Colonel 
Clement's wife was Margaret Aime, daughter of 
General Francis le Maistre, R.E., Governor of Gaspe, 
Canada. Colonel Clement had served in the R.A. 
from 1798, chiefly in the Colonies. His son, Charle= 
Theophilus Clement, Captain, C.R.R., married Alice 
Meaden, a daughter of Captain David Meaden, C.R.R., 
at Kandy, January 1, 1852. He was at one time 
Staff Officer of BaduUa. He died at Carrick-on- 
Shannon, August 14, 1859. 

Crofton Wm. Gorges Croeton Caulfield, Ensign, 18th 
Royal Irish Regiment, who departed this life on 
the 9th August, 1838, aged 23. 
His brother officers erected this monument as a mark 
of the great esteem and respect in which they held 
him. 

Apparently he was not a relative of James Caul- 
field (No. 32). 

Sacred to the memory of Robert Crowe, Esq., who 
died at Colombo the 25th August, 1838, aged 
32 years. 

It was probably a son of his, Robert Crowe, of 
Colombo, who married at the Cathedral, Colombo, 
February 27, 1867, Frances Elizabeth, third daughter 
of George Wall. There was a firm, Messrs A. and 
R. Crowe & Co., in Colombo, in the thirties, which 
existed up to the seventies, interested in cotton at 
Tuticorin. 

. . In memory of George Fleming, Esq., of the Indian 
Navy, who departed this life 15th Dec, 1838, 
aged 23 years. 
Erected by his brother officers as a testimonial of 
their friendship and regard. 

Midshipman Fleming, I.N., was in command of the 
H. C. S. Tender Maldiva, engaged with the Surveying 
Schooner Royal Tiger, which was employed on the 
coasts of India, Ceylon, and the Malay Archipelago, 
in 1837-8. The Maldiva left Galle for Cochin on 
November 9, 1838, with Fleming in command. 

. . Sacred to the Memory of Mary, the beloved wife 
of Lieut. G. H. Messiter, of Her Majesty's 6th 
Regt., who departed this life on the 8th February, 
1839. 

Lieutenant and Mrs. Messiter and three children 
arrived at Colombo by the ship Morley on January 
19, 1839. 



( 51 



Galle Face Buiial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. Date. 

137 . . March 24 
1839 
Nov. 8 
1839 



Name. 
Elizabeth Haslam 

Elizabeth Haslam 



138 



May 1 
1839 



Sarah Rogers 



139 



June 21 
1839 



Isabella Gillio Norris 



140 



June 28 
1839 



Mary Jane Parlett] 



141 



Nov. 27 
1839 



Charles Wyndham Burdett 



142 



June 13 
1840 



Alexander Wilson Archer. . 



I f Inscription. 

Sacred to the Memory of Elizabeth, the beloved wife 
of the Revd. J. F. Haslam, Church Missionary in 
the Island. She died at Cotta, 24th March, 1839. 
Aged 25 years and 11 months. Also Elizabeth, 
the infant daughter of the above, who died at 
Cotta, 8th November, 1839, aged SJ months. 

The Haslams had only arrived in Ceylon by the 
Symmetry on January 7, 1839. 

Saeah Rogers, wife of lieut. and Adjt. Rogees, 
H. M. 95th Regt., aged 44 years. 

WUliam Armstrong Rogers, Lieutenant and Adju- 
tant, 96th Regiment, married (2) at GaUe, November 
16, 1840, Maria Josina Catherine, only daughter of 
Lieutenant Frederick Ostheyden, Ceylon Rifle Regi- 
ment. His daughter, Eliza Jane, had married at 
Colombo, on September 3, 1840, Assistant Surgeon 
P. H. aarke, 96th Regiment. 

Lieutenant Ostheyden came from the Cape Regi- 
ment, in which he was Ensign, to the 2nd Ceylon, 
January 26, 1811. He was Commandant at Kurune- 
gala in 1815 (from JJ'ebruary 6), and Fort Adjutant, 
GaUe, 1816-19. He returned to the Cape by the 
Oaroline, which left GaUe on November 27, 1838, but 
he was still in the regiment in 1840. His name 
disappears from the " Ceylon Almanac " in 1843. 

Here lies the remains of Isabella Gillio, the beloved 
wife of Peancis Beooke Norris, died at Colombo 
on the 21st June, 1839, aged 29 years. 

The Gazette gives the date of her death as July 22. 

F. B. Norris was Civil Engineer, 1833-60, with 
which office, until 1846, was combined that of 
Surveyor-General. " He was dismissed in Sir George 
Anderson's time for allowing the head clerk to 
embezzle money. . . .-, became a railway contractor in 
India, where, we believe, he died." (See Ceylon 
Literary Register, vol. VI., pp. 252, 259.) 

There was a C. W. GDlio, Third Judge of the Court 
of Appeal and Circuit for the Western Division, 
Madras, in 1813. 

He had married again by 1841. Writing to 
Governor Stewart Mackenzie on August 29 of that 
year he says : " Mrs. Norris is quite pleased with 
what little she has seen of Colombo, and when I can 
take her to the mountains she will be highly delighted 
with Ceylon." She had arrived by the Tigris on 
August 13, 1841. 

Mary Jane Parlett, born 21 Oct., 1813, died 28th 
June, 1839. 

She was the wife ofCharlesDawkinsParlett, who was 
a Member of the Legislative Council, and who died at 
Colombo, March 11, 1840, aged 28, of heart disease. 
He was a merchant (CD. Parlett & Co.), and was in 
the Island in 1832. He married in that year (Mary) 
Jane, daughter of A. Lube, Esq., of New Bond street. 
The firm of Parlett & Co., of Colombo, was existing 
in 1861, but failed in that year. A Miss Julia Parlett 
married at Colombo, January 23, 1840, Captain J. 
Skelton , of the barque Egyptian. She had come out as 
a passenger in his ship, the Africa, on June 23, 1838. 

To the memory of Sir C. W. Burdett, Bart., bom 
at St. Augustine, East Florida, Febr. 19th, 
1771, died at Colombo, Nov. 27, 1839. 

Of Burthwaite, Yorkshire, 5th Baronet, and a 
Lieutenant-Colonel in the Army. He died unmarried. 
Letters of administration of his estate were issued in 
February, 1840, to David Wilson and A. C. Archer. 
His mother was Sarah , daughter of Joseph Hasley of 
Boston, which accounts for his birth in America. 
He arrived at Colombo by the Eleanor from Swan 
River on March 1, 1838. 

Alexander Wilson Aecher, Esq., who departed 
this life June 13th, 1840, aged 33 years. 

Of the firm of Wilson Archer & Co. He died of 
remittent fever. He was a Member of the Legislative 
Council. 



( 52 ) 



Galle Face Burial GvonM—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


143 .. 


Nov. 17 
1840 


. Emily Layard 



144 



Aug. 21 
1841 



Horatio Suclding 



145 



Oct. 9 
1842 



William Dickson 



146 



Oct. 11 
1842 



Lulce Kelly 



147 



Sept. 9 
1842 



Lewis Gibson 



Inscription. 
Sacred to the memory of Emily, wife of Brownlow 
Edwabd Layabd, Captain in H. M. Ceylon Rifles, 
who died in Colombo, Nov. 17th, 1840, aged 23 

years. 

Captain Brownlow Layard was a son of Charles 
Edward Layard (see No. 47), and was bom April 18, 
1820, and died February 21, 1890. He married (1) 
on Jime 19, 1839, Emily Kensington, the subject of 
this inscription ; (2) October 18, 1842, Caroline 
Fenton, a niece of his first wife ; and (3) January 10, 
1854, L. H. Carter. Probably his first wife was a 
daughter of H. W. Kensington, M.C.S. (see Cotton, 
p. 149). A sister of hers married Sir George Ander- 
son, Governor of Ceylon, 1850-55. 

Sacred to the memory of Major H. Suckling, 90th 
Light Infantry, who died on the 21st August, 
1841. Aged 50 years. 

This, monument was erected by his sorrowing widow 
and children as a memorial of their affection for a 
kind husband, a good father, and an excellent 
man. Sorrow not as those who have no hope. 

He died of dysentery. The Colombo Observer gives 
the date of his death as August 20. He figured in the 
MacPherson court-martial (see No. 158). 

Major and Mrs. Suckling and two sons arrived by 
the ship Valleyfleld at Colombo on Marcli 7, 1836. 
He was Commandant of Kotmale, staltioned at 
Nuwara EUya in 1839. Mrs. Suckling an«i her two 
sons had left for London by the ship AcMlhs on 
November 2, 1840. His son, Captain HoA-atio John 
Suckling, was the author of " Ceylon, by am Officer, 
late of the Ceylon Rifle Regiment." Hie died at 
Mortlake, September 4, 1906, aged 82 years. 

Sacred to the memory of the late Capt. William 
Dickson, H. M. Ceylon Rifle Regimeik, who 
departed this life on the 9th October, 184fe, aged 
28 years. This monument is erected v\j his 
bereaved mother and afflicted family. * 

Probably a son of Francis Dickson (see No. 163,1 

Sacred to the memory of Luke Kelly, M.TX, 
Assistant Surgeon to the Forces, who died afc 
Colombo, 11th October, 1842, aged 38 years. 

This stone was erected by his sorrowing widow in 
memory of a most affectionate husban/d and kind 
father. J, 

He was father of Lillie Kelly. A dauAghter, Louisa 
Lillie, married WilUam Walker Hume, C':!.C.S., 1854- 
1883. Another daughter, Emily Marffa Campbell, 
married at Trincomalee, November 21, fl855, James 
Wheler Woodford Birch, C.C.S., 1852-73 $, afterwards 
Colonial Secretary of the Straits SettW ,ments, who 
was murdered at Perak in October, 1873^. 

His eldest son, Luke Frederick, bom( at Chilaw in 
1838, was in the Civil Service, and \ v^hile Police 
Magistrate of Chavakachcheri was dismisLised in 1868, 
as the result of the report of a Comma ssion which 
inquired into charges against hun at Jaffrj la. He was 
buried in Matale Churchyard, Novemb^i,r 25, 1888. 
He had originally been in the Surveyi^r-Generara 
Department. yy 

Lewis, son of W. C. Gibson, Esqr., andit^i his wife 
Louisa, born 23rd Feb., 1840, died 9 S^ t., 1842. 

Adjoinmg are the graves of three other'^infant 
children of the Gibsons : William, born Jvme loV died 
June 15, 1836 ; Carolina, born and died Apr'Ju' 20, 
1837; and Carolina Frances, third daughter f lom 
October 21, 1846, died October 18, 1847. f., , 

WiUiam Charles Gibson was a son of Lewi knum, 
and was in the Civil Service, from 1832-186' ! ng 



( 53 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 

.147 . . 



Date. 

Sept. 9 
1842 



Name. 

Lewis Gibson — contd. 



148 . . April 9 . . Joseph Steuart 
1843 



149 . . Sept. 16 . . Maria Pritcliett 
1843 



15Q . . Sept; 22 . . David Ewing 
1843 



151 



Sept. 25 
1843 



Anna Allan Campbell 



Inscription. 



the office of Colonial Secretary from 1860 to 1869. 
He married, February 15, 1834, Louisa S., daughter 
of C. E. Layard (see No. 47), his first cousin. He 
had two sons in the Civil Service, James Whitaker 
Gibson, 1865-1890, and Thomas Maitland Gibson, 
1871-1887, and a brother, Thomas Lewis Gibson, 
1845-1869, who died on leave while District Judge 
of Kandy. His daughter, Mary, married Frederick 
Richard Saunders, CCS. (who died in 1910 as Sir 
Frederick Saunders, K.C.M.G.), at Colombo, on 
October 26, 1867. 

Joseph Steuabt, Master Mariner of the Port of 
Dover, and Commercial Agent, Colombo, who 
departed this Ufe on 9 April, 1843, aged 44 years. 
He was a brother of James Steuart (No. 37). 

Sacred to the memory of Mabia, the beloved wife 
of Mr. J. Peitchett, who departed tliis life on the 
16th Sept., 1843, aged 22 years and 4 months. 

Mr. Pritchett was Chief Engineer of the first Govern- 
ment steamer, the Seaforth, which was "christened" 
by Mrs. T. H. Twynam at Bombay, in 1840, 
and called after the family title of the Mackenzies, 
Mr. J. A. Stewart Mackenzie being then Governor. 
She was the first steamer owned by the Colony, having 
been ' ' ordered by Sir Wiknot Horton for the regular 
inspection of the Pearl Banks." She was employed 
in taking the Governor round the Island, in taking 
troops to and from Trincomalee, and the Supreme 
Court to and from Jaffna. From 1843 to 1850, or 
thereabouts, she was chiefiy employed in carrying the 
mails to and from Bombay. She was a paddle 
wheel steamer of 207 tons register, and had two engines 
of 30 horse power each. She had a poop, under which 
were two cabins , and there was one aft , " a good private 
apartment," and a cuddy, round which there were six 
berths. She was built at Bombay under the super- 
vision of Captain T. H. Twynam, on the lines of one 
of the fastest steamers on the Dover-Calais fine, but 
being built of teak, a heavy wood, drew six inches 
more water than was anticipated, and an arrangement 
had to be made to raise the paddle wheels. On one 
of her voyages she left Bombay on September 12 and 
arrived at Colombo on September 18, 1843, having 
taken 143 hours on the voyage, 135 of which were 
xmder steam. She took Mr. Stewart Mackenzie to 
Bombay on his relinquishing the Government in 1841, 
leaving Colombo on April 5. Joseph W. Higgs, son of 
the Master Attendant, who had been Second Master on 
H.M.S. Algerine, was appointed to the command of 
the Seaforth in 1843, succeeding George Steuart 
(No. 49). She was xised by Captain James Steuart in 
one of his inspections of the Pearl Banks when she was 
caught in a cyclone. She did very, little of this 
work, and was never employed at a Pearl Fishery. 
She was a good sea boat, and Sir William Twynam 
recollects the beautiful way in which she mounted 
the waves at the entrance to the Colombo harbour. 

Mr. Pritchett married, in 1847, at Trinity Church, 
Colombo, (2) Emma, eldest daughter of T. Stephens, 
Campden Hill Terrace, Kensington, and " the pretty 
sister of old Jack Stephens, of Cooroonduwatta " 
(W. D. Gibbon). He died at Colombo, December 
10, 1863. She survived him and married (2) Josias 
Lambert (No. 223) at Kandy, November 4, 1854. 

Sacred to the memory of David Ewing, Esqr., 
Surgeon, H. M. Ceylon Rifle Regt., who died at 
Colombo on the 22nd Sept., 1843, aged 50 years. 
This tribute to his memory is erected by his 
afflicted wife, who was left with two children to 
mourn his loss. 

In memory of Anna Allan, wife of Smollett J. D. 
Campbell, Esqr. , and daughter of John 0. Geant, 
Esqr., formerly Captain in H. M. 78th Highlanders. 
She died at Colombo, September 25th, 1843, 
aged 33 years. 

This monument is erected by her sorrowing husband. 



( 54 ) 



Galle Face Burial Grovind—contd. 



Serial No. 
151 .. 



Date. 

Sept. 25 
1843 



Name. 
Anna Allan Campbell — contd. 



152 



Oct. 6 
1843 



William Gardiner Gumming 



Inscription, 



They had only arrived from Bombay by the barque 
Ann Milne on August 24. " Mr. Smollett Campbell, 
so well known in the Colony as the former Cashier of 
the Bank of Ceylon, returned to Colombo in order to 
open a branch of the Bank of Western India. It is 
also intended, we understand, to establish a branch 
in Kandy." {Colombo Observer, August 28, 1 843. ) He 
married(2), at BycuUah Church, Bombay, September 
28, 1846, Mary Adelaide, second daughter of 
WiUiam Tyndall, Esq., late 2nd Dragoon Guards. 
He was then in the Oriental Bank Corporation at 
Bombay. 

In memory of William Gaedestee Cummlng, Esqr.,. 
Deputy Queen's Advocate of Colombo, born at 
Forres, North Britain, on the 25th day of July, 
1816, and died at Colombo on the 6th day of Oct., 
1843. 

He died of epilepsy. He was a proctor in 1842, and 
afterwards admitted advocate. He appeared in the 
case of R. W. Langslow versus W. H. Whiting, 
and obtained a transfer of the case from the 
District Court of Colombo South, over which 
Robert Langslow presided, to that of Kalutara for 
trial. R. F. Morgan (afterwards Sir Richard) appeared 
on the other side. 



153 



Jan. 22 
1844 



Caroline Julia Lillie 



154 



Mar. 20 
1844 



Philip William Mainwaring 
Temple 



155 



Jan. 25 
1844 



John Michael Staples 



156 



July .18 
1844 



Martha Holt 



Sacred to the memory of Cakoline Julia, youngest 
daughter of Bt. Major T. Lillie, Ceylon Rifle 
Regiment, who died at Colombo, 22nd January, 
1844, in her 20th year. 

Major Thomas Lillie's smviving daughter, Charlotte- 
Hansford, married Lieutenant Donald Duncan 
Graham, C.R.R., at Kandy, November 12, 1845. 
Major Lillie was in the 58th in 1833, in which ye3r he 
was Staff Officer of Seven Korales. By 1840 he had 
been transferred to the Ceylon Rifles, and was A.D.C. 
to Governor Stewart Mackenzie. He was a Water- 
loo man. He became a coffee planter, and was the 
owner of Nayapane Estate, Pussellawa, in the early 
coffee days. William Boyd talks of him. (' ' Autobio- 
graphy of a Periya Durai.") 

In memory of Philip William Malnwarestg, second 
son of Cheistopheb and Lucy Temple, bora 
October 11th, 1843, died March 20th, 1844. 

Christopher Temple, in 1843, was Deputy Queen's 
Advocate, Western Circuit. He was educated at 
Shrewsbtu'y and Magdalene College, Cambridge. B. A. 
1833 ; M.A. 1840 ; called to the Bar at Lincoln's Inn 
1836; Deputy Queen's Advocate, 1840; District 
Judge, Colombo, January 1, 1845 ; Acting Junior 
Puisne Justice, 1846-56; confirmed as Junior Puisne 
Justice, October 1, 1856 ; confirmed as Senior Puisne 
Justice, January 1, 1863 ; retired 1873. He was a 
brother of Robert Temple, C.C.S., and father of 
Christopher Temple. Henry Temple, sohcitor in the 
Supreme Court of Judicature, Madras, who died in 
August, 1804, was probably a relative. 

Sacred to the memory of John Michael Staples,, 
son of John James Staples, Esq., of H. M. 
Ceylon Civil Service, who died at Colombo on 
the 25th day of Jany., 1844, aged 19 years. 

A youth of great promise, but cut down like a. 
flower. 

J. J. Staples' youngest son, Edward Ackland, died 
at Colombo, January 19, 1861, aged 21 (see No. ISi).. 

Sacred to the memory of Martha, the beloved wife 
of W. Holt, Esqr. , H. M. 95th Regt. , who departed 
this Ufe, 18th July, 1844. Aged 30 years. Leaving 
a loving husband and three children to deplore- 
her loss. 
Holt was Quartermaster. 



( 55 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 
157 .. 



Date. 

Aug. 22 
1844 



Name. 

Henrietta Layard 



158 



Oct. 16 
1844 



James MaePherson 



Inscription. 



Henrietta, daughter of Henry Lewis and 
Catherine Thtjetle Layard, born 6 Sept., 1843, 
•died 22nd August, 1844. 

A son, George Lewis, born August 27, died Novem- 
ber 11, 1842, is commemorated on another stone. 
Hem"y Lewis Layard, who was born April 1, 1808, 
was second son of C. E. Layard (see No. 47), and 
was a Captain in the Ceylon Rifles, and afterwards a 
merchant at Colombo, belonging to the firm which 
became Darley, Butler & Co. He married, December 
31, 1835, Catherine Thurtle Dent, and died February 
24, 1871. 

Sacred to the memory of James MAcPHERSON,Esqr., 
late Lieut. -Col. of the Ceylon Eifles, and of Ralia, 
N.B., who died on the 16th Oct., 1844. 

" Lieut.-Col. MaePherson of the Ceylon Rifles was 
an old ofificer of long service and strange experiences. 
He was the first who came under the fire of the French 
at the battle of Busaco. Napier tells how he and 
another officer had descended a hill where the British 
were posted overnight on purpose to watch the advance 
of the enemy. They lay down and slept amongst 
the fern and furze bushes, and were roused before 
daybreak by the near tramp of the French tirailleurs. 
MaePherson and his companion thought discretion 
the better part of valour and took to their heels up 
the steep hillside, the French following in crowds, and 
blazing away at them whenever the detached masses 
of misty clouds , which hung over the momitains , moved 
aside and exposed the panting young fellows to the 
view of their pursuers. Singular to relate, neither 
was touched by the French fire, and MaePherson 
served through the remainder of the Peninsular war, 
He afterwards served through the first Biu-mese war, 
in one of the actions of which he was wounded on the 
head. He was subsequently promoted to the command 
of the Ceylon Rifle Regiment. " ( " Autobiography of a 
Periya Durai," Ceylon Literary Register, vol. III., 
pp. 273-74. ) He was brought into the Ceylon Rifles as 
Lieutenant-Colonel, and appouited Commandant of 
Kandy, March 27, 1835, andofTrincomalee, April 14, 
1840, but he had not been a year at the latter place 
before his behaviour was such that it involved a trial by 
court-martial, which took place at Colombo in 1841, 
the trial being continued by adjoiu-nments from July 5 
to August 9. The account of the proceedings reads 
like a page from " Charles O'Malley " or " Harry 
Lorrequer." Among the charges were, that while 
Commandant he had, in a state of intoxication and 
improperly dressed, on the night of March 28, 1841, 
ordered the sentry of the 90th Light Infantry at the 
main guard to run him through with his bayonet, and 
that he had placed a native armed with a broomstick 
as sentry instead, and that he. had threatened the 
lives of Major Horace Suckling, 90th (see No. 144), the 
next senior officer of the Garrison, and Lieutenant 
Alfred Thomas Heyland, 95th, Staff Officer of Trinco- 
malee, on several occasions, by, in the first place, 
declaring to Lieutenant Nicholas Fenwick , of the Ceylon 
Rifles, that if Major Suckling and Lieutenant Heyland 
hurt him by court-martial, he would rip their guts 
out, and they should die the death of a dog. He was 
also charged with declaring to Assistant Surgeon 
Luke Helly, M.D., that he would take the lives of 
these officers, and with declaring in the presence of a 
lance-corporal and a private of the 90th that he would 
send a party of Malay soldiers of the Ceylon Rifles, 
take these two officers, miuder them, and wash his 
feet iti their blood. He was further charged with 
having, while in a disreputable state of intoxication, 
sent for a sergeant of the 90th to his quarters and made 
him take off his jacket and stock, handed him a chair, 
and insisted on his drinking wine. He was found guilty 
of some of the milder of the charges and sentenced 
to be cashiered, but at the same time it was brought 
to the notice of the Horse Guards that the medical 
opinion was that " he was liable to fits of excitement 
by the wounds he had received and by the results of a 
malignant jungle fever contracted during a dangerous 



( 56 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 
158 .. 



Date. 

Oct. 16 
1844 



Name. 

James MacPherson— com<(?. 



159 



July 1 

1845 



Julia Mackwood 



160 



Sept. 28 
1845 

Sept. 13 
1845 



Barbara Bridgetina Layard 
Francis Georgina Layard 



161 



May 1 
1846 



Edward Lisle Ryder 



162 



June 10 
1846 



Champion Thompson 



163 



Nov. 3 
1846 



Petronella Parker 



Inscription. 



inland journey on public duty to Trincomalie, under- 
which he is still labouring. ' ' The authorities accepted 
this view, and he was pardoned, in order that he might 
retire and receive the value of his commission 
(February 26, 1842). This he did. He appears to- 
have been subsequently engaged in coffee planting, 
and to have purchased Helboda Estate, Pussellawa. 
The late Mr. A.M.Ferguson, CM. G., refers to "Colonel' 
MacPherson of Helbodde, known in the Peninsular 
wars as ' Fighting MacPherson. ' ' ' Lieutenant-Colonel 
MacPherson and Lieutenant Fenwick came out in the 
ship Tigris, which arrived at Colombo on January 21 „ 
1836. 

Sacred, to the memory of Julia, the beloved wife of 
William Mackwood, who departed this life on the 
1st July, 1845, aged 38 years. 

William Mackwood started as a merchant in 
Colombo in 1841 or 1842, and four or five years later 
was joined by his brother Frank, who was a planter 
at Kadugannawa, and they founded the firm of Mack- 
woods & Co. In the seventies the s was dropped 
from the name of the firm, which became Mackwood 
& Co. , as at present. They owned Galboda and other 
estates in the early coffee days. This was 
W. Mackwood's first wife. They came out by the 
Symmetry, July 18, 1841. She was a Miss Trivett, 
probably a daughter of the Captain of the ship 
Achilles in 1840-41, J. F. Trivett. 

In memory of BABBAKABRiDGETEsrA, wife of Charles 
Edwaed Layabd, Esq., Ceylon Civil Service, died 
20th Sept., 1845, aged 56 years. And of 
Fkajstces Geoegina, daughter of the above. Died. 
15th Sept., 1845, aged 19 years. 

She was fourth child of Gualterus Mooyaart,. 
Administrateur of Jaffna under the Dutch Company, 
and was bom there, February 20, 1789, married 
December 9, 1804, and had twenty-six children by 
her husband, C. E. Layard (see No. 47). 

To the memory of Edwaed Lisle Ryder, of Calcutta, 
7th son of the Hon'ble Hbney Rydee, Bishop of. 
Lichfield and Coventry, born August 20, 1818, 
died May 1, 1846. 

W. Dudley Ryder, eldest son of the Bishop, born 
1813, was appointed to act as Clerk to the Executive 
and Legislative Councils during the absence of W. C. 
Gibson, Esq., May 15, 1845. "We hear that a 
gentleman named Ryder, a lawyer by profession, is 
coming out from England to preside over all matters- 
connected with the Colonial Secretary's Department." 
{Colombo Observer, February 13, 1845.) He acted as 
Queen's Advocate in 1848, gave evidence in 1850 
before the Special Committee of the House of 
Commons appointed to inquire into the administration 
of the Government of Ceylon, and was afterwards 
British Arbitrator to the Mixed Court of Justice 
at Havanna (1858) and to the Mixed Court of Justice 
of New York (1862). This was a younger brother. 
The Bishop was third son of the first Baron Harrowby. 

Beneath lie the mortal remains of our beloved son, 
Champion Thompson. He died on the 10th June. 
1846, in the eleventh year of his age. An 
irreparable loss to his parents. 

Third son of Mr. W. Thompson, who was a merchant 
in Colombo, 1843 (or earUer), and Member of the- 
Legislative Council, 1863-64. 

Sacred to the memory of Petronella Pabkee, 
Widow of Cap. John Paekee, Ceylon Regiment, 
who departed this life on the 3rd November, 1846,. 
aged 64 years. 

This tribute of affection by her nieces, Maey and. 
Eliza Dickson, who in her lost a kind Aunt and 
sincere friend. 

She was a daughter of John Frederic Conradi, and 
married Captain Parker on April 26, 1820, at Galle 
(see No. 95). J 



( 57 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground— conftZ. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


163 .. 


Nov. 3 




1846 



Name. 

Petronella P,arker — contd. 



164 



Dec. 1 
1846 



Leopold Saxe Coburg Fraser 



165 



April 19 
1847 



Adolph Coutourier de St. 
Clair 



166 



Sept. 8 
1847 



John Andrew Napier 



167 



Feb. 3 
1848 

June 23 
1828 



Mary Dalziel 
James Dalziel 



Inscription. 

She was long a resident at Galle, and owned the 
house No. 12, Middle street, now occupied by- 
Messrs. Volkart Bros., until her death. The Misses 
Dicksons were daughters of Francis Dickson, who 
married another daughter of J. F. Conradi, Caroline 
Augusta , on July 22 , 1 808. He was then Commander 
of the Government brig Ariel, and succeeded W. C. 
Gibson as Master Attendant at Galle in 1816. He 
died at Galle, September 6, 1825, leaving a widow 
and five children. His eldest daughter, Caroline, 
married on March 26, 1831, Lieutenant Nagel, 97th 
Regiment. 

Lieut. Leopold S. C. Frasee, Ceylon Rifle Regt., 
eldest son of Major A. Fbaseb, of Flemington, 
Scotland, A.D.C. to His Excellency Sir Colin 
Campbell, K.C.B., Governor of the Island, who 
died at Queen's House on the 1st December, 
1846, aged 27 years. 

He arrived by the Achilles in October, 1841, and 
was appointed D.A.A.G., vice Captain Wilson, 
October 12,1 841 , to January 1 , 1842. He must have 
been a godson of Leopold I. of Belgium. 

To the memory of Colonel Adolph CotrrotrBiEE de 
St. Clair, who died of a fall from his horse on the 
19th April, 1847, in the 55th year of his age. 

The accident happened in the Cinnamon Gardens. 
He was agent in Ceylon of Baron Delmar, a 
French capitalist, most extensively engaged in 
planting operations, who, among other estates, 
owned Delta, Pussellawa, and Dotale. In the 
period 1846-51, together with coffee planting, cotton 
cultivation, " equally with sugar, received extensive 

trials, and with equal want of success by the 

agents of Baron Deknar, to whom the once well- 
known planter, Mr. Cruwell, had acted as Private 
Secretary." (A. M. Ferguson.) 

In memory of John Andeew Napiee, ControDer of 
Customs for the Port of Colombo, who died 
September 8th, 1847, aged 47 years. 

He was appointed Controller of Customs for the 
Northern and Eastern Provinces, December 17, 
1841. "He was thrown from his carriage at GaUo 
about two months before his death, and never re- 
covered from the injury to his spine which he then 
received." {Colombo Observer, September 9, 1847.) 

He married at Cardiff, September 6, 1838, Frances 
Isabella Huntiagdon. A son, William Henry, was 
baptized at Jaffna, March 29, 1842, and a daughter, 
Catherina Clementina Arabella, was baptized October 
19, 1843, who on June 5, 1861, at St. Giles, Camber- 
well, married WilUam Robert, son of John T. Purcell. 
The Napiers arrived at Colombo by the barque 
Sumatra on December 17, 1841. 

Sacred to the memory of Maey, wife of John 
Dalziel, Esq., Police Magistrate of Colombo, who 
died at Colpetty, 3rd Feby., 1848, aged 50 years. 

And of his Brother James Dalziel, of the 78th 
Highlanders, who died at Colombo, 23rd June, 
1828, aged 28 years. 

John Dalziel was bom in 1798 in the parish of New 
Deer, Aberdeenshire, the son of a farmer. He had 
fought, as a lad of 17, at Waterloo with the 76th High- 
land Light Infantry, and came to Ceylon with the 78th 
Regiment, in which he was a Colour-Sergeant, when 
on June 8, 1829, he married, at St. Peter's, Colombo, 
Mary Low. He was Quartermaster-Sergeant in 1838, 
and lost his only child, John Irwin, aged nearly five 
years, January 10, 1838. He " gained the heart of 
Mrs. Stewart Mackenzie, whose father had raised the 
regiment, by welcoming her at Galle in full Highland 
dress, which well set off his eminently handsome 
person and good address." (A. M. Ferguson.) He 
was appointed Superintendent of Police, Colombo, 
October 1, 1839 ; PoKce Magistrate, Colombo, 1844. 
He was on leave from April 19, 1848, to January,! 850. 



( 58 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground— cowirf. 



Serial Xu. 


Date. 


Name, 


167 


Feb. 3 

1848 


Mary Dalziel, &c. — contd. 



168 



169 



Oct. 4 
1847 



March 8 
1848 



Johanna Reddie 



John Barret 



170 



171 



July 14 
1848 



Jan. 13 
1849 



James Balfour Ogilvy 



Ann Heyward 



172 



Aug. 23 
1849 

Jan. 31 
1843 

Sept. 27 
1846 

Dec. 3 
1846 



James Stephen Preston 
Frances Narcissa Preston 
Richard William Preston 
Alice Maud Mary Preston 



Inscription. 

" When passing Aden, Colonel Hamilton plaoe<i him 

by his side on parade and held him up to his old 

regiment as an example of what a good and steady* 

soldier might become." (A.M. Ferguson. ) He acted 

•for three months as Police Magistrate, Gampola, in 

1857 ; was Acting District Judge of Kalutara from 

1858 to 1861. He retired on October 1, 1864, and 
died at Bayswater, May 23, 1873, aged 76. He left 
no surviving children by his first wife, but by his 
second wife, Eliza, daughter of Robert Wilson, 
whom he married at Colombo on February 23, 
1853, and who died at New York, April 25, 1909, 
aged 84, he had two sons, John Arthur, who 
married, November 15, 1876, Janet Susan Elizabeth, 
youngest daughter of Alexander Lorimer, M.D., 
Deputy Inspector-General of Hospitals, Madras, and 
Robert Wilson, who died September 16, 1903, at 
Vryheid, South Africa, aged 45. Dr. Lorimer died at 
Lee, Kent, September 14, 1878. 

" There was Sergeant Dalziel, of the 78th Regiment, 
a Buchan man, who, beginning life as a hand-loom 
weaver in the village of Stuartfield, rose to be PoUoe 
Magistrate and Commissioner of the Court of Requests 

in Colombo who in the course of his duties had 

to try and convict the now notorious Colonel Valentine 
Baker." (W. Boyd, " Ceylon and its Pioneers," 
Ceylon Literary Register, vol. II., p. 274.) 

Sacred to the memory of Johanna Reddie, who 
died at Rock House, Colombo, on the 4th day of 
Oct., 1847, aged 23 years. 

She was the youngest daughter of David Bryce of 
Calcutta, and married John G. Reddie, Esq., at GaUe, 
on March 5, 1845. 

Sacred to the memory of Capt. John Babrbt, only 
son of John Barret, Esqr., of Scarborough, who 
departed this life March 8th, 1848, aged 31 years. 

Thou hast taken thy rest in a strange country, and 
the home of thy youth is desolate, yet the bed of 
thy slumberiug is sacred. Round about it hang 
the loves of an' affectionate wife and many weeping 
and sorrowing relations. 

Sacred to the memory of J. B. Ogilvy, Esq., 
Bengal Civil Service, died July 14th, 1848, 
aged 42. 
He died at Mount Lavinia. 

Sacred to the memory of Ann, the beloved wife of 
William Lash Heywaed, who departed this life 
on the 13th January, 1849, aged 28 years. 

W. L. Heyward was master of the ship Morning 
Star, and had a disagreeable experience with one of 
his passengers in 1846 or 1847. Assistant Surgeon 
M. TweddeU, of the Ceylon Rifles, had him arrested 
for a debt of 11 guineas for professional services 
rendered to him and Mrs. Heyward on board that 
vessel. He was ordered to pay 3 guineas and was 
released, and Surgeon TweddeU had to pay his costs, 
and was denoim.ced in the Colombo Observer for his 
high-handed conduct. In August, 1847, Surgeon 
TweddeU relieved Dr. Fergusson at Trincomalee. 

In memory of James Stephen Peeston, who died 
at Colombo, 23rd August, 1849. Aged 30 years. 

Also of Feances Naecissa, died 21st January, 
1843 ; Richard William, died 27th Sept., 

1846 ; and Alice Maitd Mary, died 3rd December, 
1846. 

Mr. Stephen Preston belonged to the firm of Venn, 
Preston & Co. " The noted emporium of Venn, 
Preston & Co., which sold everything from a needle 
to a sheet-anchor." {" Autobiography of a Periya 
Durai," Ceylon Literary Register, vol. III., p. 189.) 
He " arrived by the Symmetry 8 years ago. There 
were ten passengers, of whom only two are now Uving. 
He died of dysentery." (Ceylon Times.) The firm 
suspended payment in the following October. 



( 59 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 

173 .. 



Date. 

Oct. 11 
1849 



Name, 

Cornelius William Moffat 



174 



Dec. 11 
1849 



Charles Augustus Whitehouse 



175 



Dec. 17 
1849 



Ann Meaden 



176 



June 13 
1850 



Emiry Jane Fraser 



177 



July 15 
1850 



Mark Evans 



178 



Aug. 19 
1850 



Mary Catherine Lyons 



179 



Sept. 30 
1850 



John Chisholm 



Inscription. 

In memory of Cornelius William Moffat, M.A., 
of the Middle Temple, Barrister-at-Law. Born 
12th December, 18]^1. Died 11th October, 1849. 

Erected by his sorrowing widow and his parents. 

" A gentleman, well known here for his unassuming 
manners, cultivated mind, and amiable disposition. 
He died of consumption." (Ceylon Times, October 
12, 1849.) 

Chas. Augustus Whitehouse, born August 6th, 
1812, died December 11, 1849, aged 37. 

He was a " General Estate Agent, Plantation, Patia- 
gamme " (in Deltota). He died of dysentery on his 
way to Colombo. He was a brother of E. S. White- 
house. He died on the same day that Thomas Clark 
married, at Jaffna, E. S. Whitehouse's sister-in-law, 
Ellen JuUa Lemarohand, but those were not the days 
of telegrams. 

"Cotton received extensive trials equally with 
sugar and with equal want of success in the Jaffna 
Peninsula by the brothers Whitehouse." (A. M. 
Ferguson.) 

Sacred to the memory of Ann, wife of Capt. 
Meaden, late of the Ceylon Rifle Regt., who died 
at Colombo, on the 17th December, 1849, aged 
49 years. 

She married Captain Meaden, then a non-com- 
missioned officer of the 83rd, at the Cape of Good 
Hope, January 8, 1815. Their son married Captain 
C. T. Clement (see No. 132). 

Sacred to the memory of Emily Jane, daughter of 
John Chables Keb, Esqr., of the Island of 
Grenada, and wife of Gbobgb Fbaseb, Esq., who 
died at Slave Island on the 13th day of June, 1850, 
aged 34 years, endowed with all the social virtues 
and with all that adorns and elevates the female 
character. She was universally beloved and 
esteemed, and her early death is deeply lamented 
by her sorrowing husband and all who knew her. 

Sacred to the memory of Mark Evans, late Lieut. - 
Colonel of the Royal Artillery, who died at 
Colombo, July 15th, 1850, aged 60 years. 

This tribute to an affectionate and beloved husband 
is erected by his sorrowing widow. 

She left for England by the barque Symmetry on 
December 19, 1850, which arrived on AprU 29, 1851 , 
having called at St. Helena only. Mr. H. T. Armitage , 
then a boy going home to school, was a fellow- 
passenger. 

In memory of Mary Catherine Lyons, widow of 
the late Capt. N. J. Lyons, who departed this 
Ufe on the 19th of August, 1850, aged 40 years 
and 11 months. 

To my Mother. 

With thee dear Mother though I roam 

This lone cold world from shore to shore. 
My heart can never find a home 

Like that I loved with thee of yore. 
And wheresoe'er I turn my feet, 

Whatever friends I yet may see, 
Oh life hath not a hour so sweet 

As that I pass in thoughts of thee. 

She was the eldest daughter of Thomas Dawson 
(see No. 31) by his first wife, and married Captain 
Norrison J. Lyons at Trincomalee, December 17, 
1833. He died at Macao in 1846. He was commander 
and owner of the brig Eleanor. 

John Chisholm, late Quartermaster, 37th Regt. , who 
died at Colombo, 30 Sept., 1850, aged 39 years. 
This inscription is erected by his widow, who with 
three children laments her bereavement. 



( 60 ) 



Galle Face Burial GrouM—contd. 



Seria) No. Date. 

180 . . Nov. 15 
1850 



• Name. 

Eliza Mary Butler 



181 



182 



Feb. 19 
1851 



March 19 
1851 



John Murray 



John F. Haslam 



183 



184 



Sept. 11 
1851 


. . WilUam Minchin 


Jan. 21 

1852 


John James Staples 


July 2 

1858 


Cecil Loughlin Staples 



185 



186 



March 12 
1852 



May 28 
1852 



Robert MacGregor 



Philadelphus Bain 



Inscription. 
Here lie the remains of Eliza Maby BrTLEE, born 
February 21, 1849. She was the daughter of 
Samuel Butlee, of Colombo, merchant, and 
Eliza Hullman, his wife. 

Samuel Butler was one of the earliest members of 
the Agricultural Society. He belonged to the firm of 
Darley, Butler & Co. 

He was in 1841 " the partner who took charge of 
the planting department of Ackland, Boyd & Co.'a 
business." WilUam Boyd describes a journey made 
with him from Kundasale to the Knuckles about 
this time. (" Autobiography," chap. VIII.) 

John Mtjkbay, son of Geoege Mueeay, Esqr., 
of Ancoats Hall, died 19th Febr., 1851, from an 
injury sustained by a fall from his horse, aged 
31 years. 

Sacred to the memory of the Revd. John F. Has- 
lam, B.A., of St. John's College, Cambridge, late 
Principal of the Christian Institution of the 
Church Missionary Society at Cotta. He died in 
Colpetty, 19th March, 1851, aged 37 years. 

(See No. 137.) He married (2) on December 6, 1842, 
at Cotta, Sophia Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev. 
Joseph Bailey, C.M.S. Mr. Haslam was, on January 
31, 1840, appointed Principal of the Colombo 
Academy, but in a few weeks resigned and resumed 
his appointment at Cotta. 

In memory of William Minchin, Capt. H. M.C. R. R., 
who died at Colombo, 11th Sept., 1851, aged 
29 years. 

Sacred to the memory of John James Staples, Esq., 
Ceylon Civil Service, District Judge of Kandy. 
Born 8th November, 1798. Died at Colombo 21st 
January, 1852. And his second Son, Cecil 
Lotjqhlin. Born 31st October, 1834. Died 2nd 
July, 1858. 

J. J. Staples was a son of Quartermaster John 
Staples, of the 2nd Ceylon Regiment (No. 348). He 
was an advocate, and appeared for the defence at 
the trial of Mr. George Winter for libel in 1834 
with Mr. E. P. Wilmot. By 1840 he was "an 
advocate in large practice." (Digby.) He was 
appointed District Judge of Kandy South, January 
22, 1842; ditto of Kandy North, February 1, 
1842 ; confirmed as District Judge of Kandy South, 
November 1, 1843; District Judge, Kandy, January 
1, 1845, and held this poiit until his death. There are 
several references to him in Lieutenant Henderson's 
" History of the Rebellion in Ceylon during Lord 
Torrington's Government," due to his connection 
with Captain Albert Watson, who married his 
daughter, Emily Loughlin, May 1 , 1848. He refers to 
him as Mr. Staples, commonly known as " Jorroeks." 
There is a description of him in the " Autobiography 
of a Periya Durai " (Ceylon Literary Register, vol. 
III.) : " A very talented man, and in some respects a 
thorough Enghshman in feeling. He behaved well 
in trying to stop the riots that preceded the Matale 
rebellion" (pp. 250, 300). (See Ncs. 202 and 206.) 

Another daughter, Hem-ietta Caroline, married 
Lieutenant Algernon Robson Sewell, 15th Regi- 
ment, at Kandy, on March 14, 1850. 

His youngest sister, Jemima, married at Colombo, 
in May, 1837,^ George Howard. 

In memory of Capt. Robt. MacGbbgoe, Pay- 
master, H. M. 15th Regt., who departed this life 
on the 12th March, 1852, aged 39 years. 

This stone is erected as a memorial by his discon- 
solate widow. 

Sacred to the memory of Philadelphus Bain. 
Born at Berwick, N. B., 17th Sept., 1830. Died 
in Colombo, 28th May, 1852. 

He was Deputy Accountant in the Oriental Bank 
Corporation. 



( 61 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground— contd. 



Serial No, 
187 .. 



Date. 

Dec. 26 
1852 



Name. 

Henry Skeen 



188 



189 



190 



May 30 
1853 

July 15 
1853 



June 8 
1853 



June 13 
1854 



Robert Imray 
Sarah Imray 



A. P. Smith 



F. Grimes 



191 
192 



July 19 
1854 

July 22 
1854 



Alice Wall 

Margaret Letitia Hope 



193 



July 30 
1854 



Eliza Caulfield 



ineoription. 



In memory of Henry Skeen, late Asst. Govt. 
Printer, Ceylon, this monument is voluntarily 
erected by those to whom he endeared himself by 
his uniform kindness as a superior. Bom July 
16th, 1831. He arrived in Ceylon 11th July, and 
died Dec. 26th, 1852. 

His body here to rest conveyed, 

Into the earth like Jesus laid. 
Like His shall rise again. 

Meanwhile his flesh doth rest in hope, 
Till in His likeness wakened up 

Out of whose hands no dust shall fall, 
But rise immortal at His call, 

With Him for evermore to reign. 

Henry Skeen was a brother of the late WUliani 
Skeen, the first professional Government Printer of 
Ceylon, and an uncle of the late George Skeen, who 
was Government Printer from 1881 to 1906. William 
Skeen was the author of " Adam's Peak," and other 
poems. 

Sacred to the memory of Robbet Imray, Quarter- 
master, H. M.'s 15th Regt., died May 30th, 1853, 
aged 53 years. 

Also of Sarah, wife of the above, died July 15th, 
1853, aged 42 years. 

Their daughter, Mary Amie, married S. Day 
Thwaites, a brother of Dr. Thwaites, at Kandy, on 
July 17, 1854. 

In memory of A. P. Smith, Lieut., C. R. Regt., who 
died of cholera, 8th June, 1853. Aged 30 years. 

He joined in 1847, and was employed under the 
Commissioner of Roads. 

Sacred to the memory of Qr. Mr. Serg. F. Grimes, 
Ceylon Rifle Regiment, who departed this life on 
the 13th June, 1854. 

This tablet is erected by his affectionate wife. He 
was amiable in his purposes as well as in his 
private character. He was sincerely regretted by 
a large circle of friends. 

Requiescat in pace. 

Alice, wife of George Wall, born April XIII, 
MDCCCXXII, died July XIX, MDCCCLIIII. 

Sacred to the memory of Margaret Letitia, wife 
of Lieut. -Col. Hope, Royal Engineers, who died 
at Colombo, 22 July, 1854. Aged 47. 

Lieutenant-Colonel John Isaac Hope died at Exeter, 
April 17, 1861. Hisson,Maj or-Gener al John Edward 
Hope, late R.A., died at Remenham, Henley-on- 
Thames, September 18, 1909, aged 81. His daughter, 
Elizabeth Sanwix, was married December 4, 1855, at 
St. Peter's Church, Colombo, by the Ven. Archdeacon 
Matthias, to James Brown Alston (of Alston, Scott & 
Co.), who died, June 12, 1898, at Loancroft, Bromley, 
Kent, aged 77. He was the third son of George 
Alston, of Muirburn, Lanarkshire, and father of 
George Hay Alston, of Whittall & Co. ; James 
Edward Alston, of Bois Bros. & Co. ; and John Hope 
Alston, of Alston, Scott & Co.," and afterwards of 
Darley, Butler & Co., Tuticorin. 

Eliza, daughter of the late Capt. French Gray, 
and wife of Hon'ble James Cattlpield of the 
Ceylon Civil Service. Aged 39 years. 

Her first husband was Major Samuel Adolphus 
Rehe, of the 26th Native Infantry, who died on 
November 14, 1837, at Calicut (see Cotton, 
p. 255). She married James Caulfield at Chilaw, 
October 17, 1840. Their son, Hans Charles, was 
baptized at Jaffna, September 6, 1841, the sponsors 
being H. Caulfield, Rev. C. Caulfield, and Annie 
Caulfield. Mrs. Caulfield's brother, French Gray, 
married Susan Jane Warburton at St. James's 
Nellore, Jaffna, December 3, 1840. 



( 62 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 
194 . 



Date. 

Nov. 4 
1854 



Name. 

Lucy Ann Bailey 



195 



May 31 
1855 



Harriet Elizabeth Heale 



196 



Oct. 8 
1855 



John Fraser 



197 



Oct. 9 

1855 



Philip Francis Miller 



198 



Nov. 13 
1855 



William Newman 



Inscription. 

In memory of Lucy Ann Bailey. Bom October 
8th, 1822. Died November 4tli, 1854. 

She was first wife of the Rev. Joseph BrooW 
Halliley Bailey, whom she married at Colombo, 
July 22, 1843. She was daughter of the Rev. W.- 
Sawyer, Chaplain, H. B. I. C. (see Cotton, p. 279). Mr. 
Bailey married (2) Georgiana, daughter of the Rev. 
Wm. Henry Simons, Colonial Chaplain at Kandy, on 
December 10, 1857. A son by his first wife was- 
J. AUanson Bailey, C.C.S., 63-1899. 

Habbiet Elizabeth, the beloved wife of Aethur. 
Wellington Heale. Aged 32 years. 

A. W. Heale was in 1846 connected with the firnt 
of Hudson, Chandler & Co. at Colombo. He married 
at the Cathedral, Madras, Harriet Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter of George Helmore, Esq., of Arlington,. 
Street, Piccadilly, May 20, 1846. Charles Urquhart- 
Stuart married a Miss Helmore, sister of the Rev. 
Mr. Helmore, L.M.S., probably sister of Mrs. Heale. 
The Rev. Thomas Helmore, of musical fame, was, L 
think, another relative. 

A. W. Heale died at Blackheath, August 20, I860. 

Sacred to the memory of John Fbaseb, of the 

Ceylon Civil Service, who died at Colombo, 8th 

October, 1855. Aged 42 years. 
This tribute of affectionate esteem to his valued 

friend was erected by Dr. Andbew Feegttson,- 

Inspector-General of Hospitals. 

John Fraser was Secretary of the School Commis- 
sion, Commissioner of the Loan Board, and Record-^ 
keeper at the Secretariat from May 1, 1848, till his- 
death, and in the Fifth Class of the Civil Service. 
He acted as Principal Assistant to the Colonial 
Secretary from January 18, 1856. Andrew Ferguson- 
was "Principal Civil Medical Officer and Inspector- 
General of Hospitals, 1850-58. 

Sacred to the memory of Philip Feancis Milleb,. 
Captain of the Royal Artillery, who died of fever 
on the 9th October, 1855. 

He was the third son of Lieutenant-Colonel Fiennes- 
Saunderson MiUer, C.B., late 6th Liniskilliiig. 
Dragoons, of Radway, County of Warwick, 
England. , 

His age was 29. 

Sacred to the memory of William Newman, late- 
of Oodewelle, who died at Colombo, 13th Novem- 
ber, 1855, aged 47 years. 

He was on Udawela estate in 1839. He married 
at Kandy, July 22, 1839, Mary Flood, who also 
resided at Udawela. He died on board a vessel in 
the harbour. 



199 



April 11 
1856 



Robert Molesworth Jones . 



200 



201 



April 17 
1856 



April 18 
1856 



Annie Holland Cohen 



George Parsons 



To the cherished memory of Robeet Moleswoeth 
Jones, 2nd son of Rear- Admiral the Hon'ble Alb. 
Jones. He died on the 11th April, 1856, after a 
short iUness on his arrival at Ceylon, aged 43 
years. 

This stone has been erected to his memory by his- 
colleagues and friends in the Admiralty. 

Annie Holland Cohen, born at Hastings, 10 
January, 1828. Died at Colpetty, 17 April, 
1856. Universally beloved and regretted. 
(See No. 213.) 

Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Geoege 
Paesons, for many years a Missionary of the 
Church Missionary Society in South Ceylon. He 
died at Colombo, April 18th, 1856. Aged 42 
years. 



( 63 ) 



Galle Face Burial GronnA—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


202 .. 


April 24 . 
1856 


William Ogle Carr 



203 



Feb. 21 
1857 



Eliza Madeline Sauliere 



Inscription. 

Sacred to the memory of Sir William Ogle Cabk, 
Knight, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of 
this Island, younger son of T. W. Cabe, Esqr., of 
Eshott, Northumberland. He was born in 
England, November 13, 1802, arrived in Ceylon 
August, 1833, died April 24, 1856. 

Also in memory of William Ogle Carb and 
Clement Norton Cakb, infant sons of Sir 
William Ogle Caee, both of whom died in the 
Island. 

He was Queen's Advocate, 1834-1840, and was 
appointed to the Supreme Court, February 15, 1840, 
He married at Colombo, April 28, 1836, Elizabeth 
Maria, daughter of Colonel Clement (see No. 132). 
He prosecuted in the MoUgoda trial " for raising a 
rebellion. ' ' The trial took place at Kandy , and lasted 
six days, January 12-17, 1835, and ended in an 
acquittal. Digby converts him into an Irishman by 
caUing him " Sir W. O'Carr." 

In memory of Eliza Madeline Satjlibee, aged 

23 years. 
Leaving her husband and two young children to 

moan her loss. 

Her husband, F. SauUere, was an engineer and a 
Frenchman. He was buried. May 2, 1864, aged 57. 
She was a Miss Roosmalecocq, and married him at 
Colombo, May 15, 1854. 



204 



May 23 

1857 



William Linton 



205 



July 2 

1857 



Theodore Glenie Staples 



Sacred to the memory of Captain W. Linton, who 
departed this Mfe 23rd May, 1857, aged 54 years. 

He was Commander of the barque Morning Star, 
1834, of the barque Iris in 1841, both well-known 
passenger vessels. 

The Morning Star was attacked and plundered 
by a pirate brig of ten guns near the island of Ascen- 
sion on one of her voyages to England in 1828. She 
had left Colombo on December 13, and was chased and 
overhauled by the brig on February 19. One of the 
crew was killed and six wounded. The pirate took 
away the captain, second mate, and a soldier of the 
78th. What became of them does not appear, 
nor who the captain was, but the Morning Star 
continued her voyage and arrived at the Downs on 
April 16. She was laden with coffee and cinnamon, 
of which 300 bags had to be thrown overboard to 
save the ship from fire. Every shroud and backstay 
had been cut, and an attempt made to cut through 
the main mast. The passengers were robbed of 
their clothes and money. In 1837 "there resided 
in Hospital Street, Colombo, a Mrs. Fowler, who 
had been on board the Morning Star when this 
British ship was taken possession of by pirates."* 
(A. M. Ferguson.) According to Boyd, " the captain 
was tied to the main-mast and brutally murdered." 
("Autobiography," p. 20, Ceylon Literary Register, 
vol. II., p. 386.) 

Another passenger was Mrs. Walker, wife of Mr. 
Andrew Walker, C.C.S., who, from 1823 to 1833, was 
in the Cinnamon Department, and afterwards District 
Judge of Negombo and of Kandy. He was an uncle 
of Sir Edward Noel Walker, Colonial Secretary of 
Ceylon, 1888-99. 

Theodore Staples, youngest son of Henry J. 
Staples, Esqr., bom 26tli May, 1839, died 2 July, 
1857. 

Henry John Staples was elder brother of John 
James Staples (No. 184). He, too, was an advocate, 
and appeared for the defence in the Mohgoda trial 
in 1835, for which he was paid 500 guineas and 
presented .with a gold chain. He was Commissioner 
of Requests, Colombo, 1845-59, going on pension 
on September 1 of the latter year, and dying in 
London about 1865. He was of a musical turn, and 

* There is an account ofthe attack on the Morning Star 
in " Chambers' Journal" for May, 1885. 



( tt4 



Galle Face Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


205 .. 


July 2 . 
1857 


Theodore Glenie Staples— cowid, 



Inscription, 
wrote the words and music of two ballads : "Oh 
were I but a butterfly rover " and " Come weep with 
me, love,'" and paid Sims Reeves one hundred guineas 
to sing them in his drawing room. He had two other 
sons, Dr. Henry Tonnon Staples of the Civil Medical 
Department (1869-1886), who died August 8, 1893, 
and was of a poetical turn, and Lieutenant-Colonel 
Frederic Blair Staples of the Ceylon Rifles, and after- 
wards of the 80th and 93rd Regiments, 1855-1873, 
who died March 31, 1909, at Streatham. He was 
Chief Constable of Stockport, 1874-1889. His family 
are of a theatrical turn, as he was himself. H. J. 
Staples' daughter married H. P. Levering, Survey 
Department, 1873-1901. 



206 



Aug. 5 
1857 



William Huxham 



207 



Sept. 9 
1857 

Feb. 20 
1858 



Maria Cawthorne 
William Cawthorne 



In memory of William, fourth son of W. Huxham, 
Esqr., died 5th August, 1857, at Colombo, aged 
19 years. 

William Huxham belonged to the firm of Beaufort 
and Huxham, Colombo, which he carried on under 
the same name after the death of Mr. Beaufort in 
1831. He was a merchant at Colombo as early as 
1819, and he was still one in 1857. He lived at 
Mutwal. He seems to have been away from the 
Island for some years after 1843. In the coffee days 
he owned several estates, Kelebokka, Galhiriya, 
MaduUsele, Oonoonoogalla in the Madulkele district, 
PettigoUa and Balangoda in Sabaragamuwa, Mora- 
gahagoUa in Lower Dumbara, also Wattegoda in 
Kotmale. In 1861 he wrote a letter to the Madras 
Times complaining of the " Toryism " that had 
characterized the Ceylon Government for many years 
past, and hoping for better things. He married at 
Colombo, February 2, 1824, Jemima, eldest daughter 
of Captain Clarke, 1st Ceylon Regiment, whose 
youngest daughter, Sophia, married Charles Brown- 
rigg, C.C.S., the same day. Mrs. Huxham had twin 
sons at Quilon, July 19, 1829 (see No. 212). 

In memory of Maeia, the beloved wife of William 
Cawthoene, Esqr. She died at Colombo, 9th 
September, 1857, aged 31 years. Also of 
William Cawthoene, Esqr. , who was accidentally 
killed at Kandy on 20th February, 1858, aged 
50 years. 

The register at Kandy gives his age as 46. He died 
from injuries received by the upsetting of his vehicle. 
He seems to have come out about 1846, when he 
kept the " Yattiantotte Stores," and he also had a 
store at Ambegamuwa. He is described in the 
directory of the " Ceylon Almanac " of 1851 as a 
merchant at Yatiyantota. In 1861-52 he was on 
Laxanewatta, a coconut estate in Three Korales. In 
1853-56 he was proprietor of, or agent for, Pitakanda, 
a coffee estate in Lower Bulatgama. He had given 
this up by 1857 to W. Davidson, and was proprietor 
of Raddetottewatta in the same division. He had 
also been " Postholder " at Ambagamuwa in 1850-53, 
with an allowance for performing this work of £18 a 
year, and in this, too, he was succeeded by W. 
Davidson. 



208 



Dec. 20 . 
1858 


Thomas Affleck 


April 14 . 
1859 


. William Affleck 



Sacred to the memory of Thomas Affleck, of 
Bogambra Mills, Kandy, died at Colombo, 
20th Dec., 1858, aged 27 years. Also William 
Affleck, died 14th April, 1859, aged 32 years. 

James Affleck died at Diella estate, Kurunegala, 
November 20, 1867, aged 46, " after 47 hours' 
iUness, of apoplexy." 

The Afflecks started the Bogambra Mills, which 
were afterwards taken over by Mr. John Walker of 
Roseneath, and were the headquarters of the firm of 
Walker, Sons & Co., imtil that firm removed to 
Colombo. The older firm was originally Affleck & 
Gordon, engineers (1847), and subsequently J. 
Affleck & Co. (1850-57). They were th^ contractors 
for the building of St. Paul's Kandy, between 1841 



( 65 



Galle Face Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


208 .. 


Dec. 20 

1858 


. . Thomas Affleck, &c. 



Inscription. 

-contd. and. 1863. James Affleck's name first appears in the 
directory in the " Ceylon Almanac " of 1845 aa 
resident at Kandy, and he was there in 1857, apparent- 
ly in business on his own account. The firm came to 
an end in 1858-59 with the deaths of Thomas and 
William. (See a story about one of the Afflecks by 
Boyd in the Ceylon Literary Register, vol. II., p. 282.) 
A Captain Thomas Affleck died January 12, 1860, 
at Barnfield House, Ayr. 



209 



Dec. 27 
1858 

Aug. 26 
1851 

June 10 
1844 



Jane Parsons 

Mary Maria Charlotte 
Skinner 

Gerald John Parsons 



210 



211 



Jan. 11 
1859 



Feb. 18 
1859 



Frances Elizabeth Hardinge 



Mary Ann Higgs 



212 



Aug. 12 
1859 



Brownrigg Huxham 



Jane Parsons, the beloved wife of Gother Mann 
Parsons, Ceylon Civil Service. She was born on 
the 26th Dec, 1809, married on the 20th Sept., 
1826, and died at Colombo on the 27th of Dec, 
1858, aged 49 years. 

Also in this vault rest, the remains of Mary Maria 
Charlotte Skinner, wife of Capt. Henry 
Skinner, Ceylon Rifle Regt., and daughter of the 
above Gother Mann and Jane Parsons, who 
departed this life at Slave Island, Colombo, on the 
26th August, 1851, aged 24 years. Beneath are 
also deposited the remains of Gerald John, the 
4tli and infant son of the above Gother Mann 
and Jane Parsons, who died at Colombo on the 
10th of June, 1844, aged 1 month. 

Mary Maria Charlotte, the eldest daughter, married 
Captain Skinner at Colombo, November 7, 1846. 
The 3rd daughter, Charlotte Mann, married Captain 
James Cameron Fielding, C.R.R. 

Sacred to the memory of Frances Elizabeth, the 
beloved wife of Capt. Hardinge, 50th Regt., 
who departed this life at Colombo on the 11th 
January, 1859, aged 35 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Mary Anne, wife of 
Commander Higgs, Royal Navy, Master Attend- 
ant of Colombo. Died 18th February, 1859, 
aged 50 years. 

She was a daughter of Thomas Craven (No. 218), 
and naarried Captain Joseph Higgs, R.N., at Trinco- 
malee, November 10, 1834. Captain Higgs was at 
Copenhagen on Nelson's flagship. 

Brownrigg, eldest son of W. Huxham, Esqr., died 
at Colombo, aged 34 years. 

He was called after his uncle, Charles Brownrigg, 
second son of Sir Robert Brownrigg, who was born 
October 4, 1797, entered the Civil Service October 2, 
1811, at the age of 14, retired October 1, 1829, and 
died in January, 1854. B. Huxham was a planter on 
Tunisgala in the Knuckles district in 1854^57. In 
1851 he was in Hewaheta. 



213 



June 2 
1860 



William Cohen 



William Cohen, aged 41 .... This monument is 
erected by his sorrowing widow. 

He was a planter on Wakkettewatta (Weketiya) 
in Sabaragamuwa in 1856-57. He married at Port 
Louis, Mauritius, on August 24, 1852, Ann Elizabeth 
Hanning. 



214 



June 2 
1860 



Robert Duncan Gerard 



BoBEET Duncan Geraud, aged 42. 

A man of note among the coffee planters of the 
forties and fifties. He was a partner of " Sandy 
Brown " in the firm of Gerard, Brown & Co. at 
Kandy, in 1853, subsequently R. D. Gerard & Co. 
He was one of the original members of the Ceylon 
Agricultural Society foimded at the end of 1841. At 
the store of the firm in Kandy coffee was " stored 
and despatched and advances made on crops." 

" R. D. Gterard was a Londoner, and came to Ceylon 
in the same vessel with R. B. Tytler. He opened and 
planted up Degalle in the Dumbara Valley. About 
1845 he began to acquire the agency of several other 
estates, and in the course of a few years he had 



( 66 ) 



Galle Face Burial Gionnd—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


214 .. 


June 2 
1860 


Robert Duncan Gerard- 



215 



June 26 
1860 

April 24 
1862 



Susan Jumeaux 



Louis Migot Jumeaux 



216 



217 



218 



Dec. 24 
1860 



Dec. 27 
1860 



Jan. 5 
1861 



John William Little 



William Brigstoclc 



Thomas Craven 



219 



June 18 
1861 



Annie Challis Thornton 



Inscription. 

. — contd. established a very large and prosperous business in 
Kandy. Gerard possessed the soul of a gambler. 
I never knew a man with so speculative a disposition. 
I have heard or read that, when he returned to 
England, the ship in which he sailed carried so large 
a cargo of his coffee, that the rise or fall of a single 
shilling on the cwt. in the London market meant 
£1,000 either of profit or loss to him. He very 
foolishly began to speculate on the Stock Exchange, 
where he met cleverer and perhaps more experienced 
or more unprincipled men than himself, with the 
natural result that in the course of a remarkably short 
space of time he was cleaned out of the whole of his 
immense fortune, and returned to Ceylon a much 
poorer, if not a much wiser man, where, after living 
for a year or two on the charity of his former friends , 
" he ultimately died in Mr. Tytler's house in Kandy." 
(W. Boyd, in Ceylon Literary Begister, vol. VI. , p. 354. ) 
The statement as to the place of his death must be 
a mistake. 

Sacred to the memory of Susait, the beloved wife of 

Louis Jumeattx, C.C.S., who departed this life at 

Colombo on the 26th June, 1860. 
Also LoTTis Jtjmeatjx, C.C.S., who departed this life 

on the 24th day of April, 1862, in the 46th year of 

his age. 

Louis was a son of John Pierre Jumeaux (No. 28). 
He was Magistrate at Chavakachcheri from October 1 , 
1846 ; and afterwards at Colombo, 1848 ; Madawala- 
tenna, March 1, 1863; Kurunegala, September 1, 
1853 ; Negombo, May 8, 1854 ; at CSiavakachcheri, 
January 26, 1856 ; and at Negombo, February 16, 
1856 ; and finally District Judge of Negombo, which 
post he held at the time of his death. A brother of his , 
Edmimd , was a planter on Belle Vue estate, Kotmale, 
and died at Coconada. 

He married Susan Armitage, a sister of John 
Armitage, who founded the firm of Armitage, Scott 
& Co. in 1837-38, and was a Member of the Legislative 
Council for some years from 1847. John Armitage 
married Louis Jumeaux' s sister, Fanny Henrietta. 
A son of the former couple was Arthur Jumeaux, who 
was in the Ceylon Civil Service, 1865-76 ; retired, 
April 18, 1876, after holding appointments as Police 
Magistrate, Kayts, Avisawella, and Matara ; and died 
a year or two afterwards. A son of the latter couple 
is Mr. Harry Turnour Armitage of Dunbar estate, 
Hatton, whose godfathers were George Tumour, the 
Oriental scholar, and James Steuart, the Master 
Attendant. 

Sacred to the memory of John William Little, 
C.C.S., died 24th December, 1860, aged 43 years. 

He was Magistrate at Avisawella at the time of his 
death. He married, February 23, 1859, at Matara, 
Hannah Susan, youngest (Jaughter of R. C. Roos- 
malecocq. She married (2) the Rev. WiUiam ElUs. 

In memory of William Beigstock, Master of the 
Barque Walsoken, who died in Colombo Roads, 
27th December, 1860, aged 33 years. Erected by 
his brother shipmates. 

Sacred to the memory of Thomas Craven, Esq., 
Naval Architect, late Naval Storekeeper at Trin- 
comaHe, who died 5th January, 1861, aged 76 
years. 

, He was " Superintendent of Ships Building" at 
Bombay in 1830. His daughter married Captain 
Higgs, R.N. (see No. 211). 

Annie Challis Thornton, nee Lamprell, wife of 
Capt. H. B. Thornton, who suddenly, on the 
19th June, 1861, departed this life, aged 21 years 
and 4 months, deeply regretted by her loving and 
disconsolate husband, relatives, and friends. 
Requiescat in pace. 
Captain Thornton was master of the ship Queen of 
India. The ship arrived from Melbourne on the 



( 67 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground— cowici. 



alNo. 


Date. 


Name. 


19 .. 


June 19 
1861 


Annie Challis Thornton— cowici. 



20 



Aug. 21 
1861 

Aug. 27 
1845 



Jessie Tod Leslie 



George Tod Leslie 



21 



!22 



J23 



Nov. 6 
1861 


Mary Jane Spratt 


Feb. 19 . 
1862 


Henry Dudley 


Oct. 5 
1862 


. Josias Lambert 



J24 



Nov. 20 
1862 



Jane Haultain 



25 



26 



May 5 
1863 



Nov. 27 
1863 



Alfred John Lane 



Sarah Kettyles 



Inscription. 

18th, and Captain and Mrs. Thornton went ashore 
on the 19th, and proceeded to the Royal Hotel, 
where Mrs. Thornton died while dressing to go 
out for a drive. She had been married less than six 
months. 

The Royal Hotel stood on the site of the Post 
OflSce in the Fort. It was opened on February 6, 

1844, by Jonas Segar. Mr. Hugh Blaoklaw describes 
it and the Galle Face Hotel of 1856 as being 
" paragons of dirt." 

In Memoriara. Jessie Tod, Relict of Andkew W. 
Leslie, Boghall, Fife, Scotland, died at Colombo, 
August 21st, 1861, aged 61 years. 

George Tod Leslie, died at Singapore, August 27th, 

1845, aged 26 years. 

The beloved mother and brother of Barbara Glass 
Leslie, Wife of the Rev. Charles Merson, 
Colonial Chaplain, St. Andrew's Church, Colombo. 

In memory of Mary Jaj^te, the beloved wife of the 
Rev. Thomas Spratt. She died at Colombo, 
• 6th Nov., 1861. 

In memory of Henry Dudley, of Wilton, Wiltshire, 
Captain and Paymaster of the Ceylon Rifle Regt. , 
who died on the 19th February, 1862, aged 42 
years. 

In memory of Josiah Lambert, of Galheria, 
KaUebokka Valley, died 5th October, 1862, aged 
40 years. 

The name seems to be correctly, Josias. 

He was, I believe, a son of Josias Lambert, F.G.S. , 
an experienced sugar planter who was in the Island 
in the forties, and took a prominent part in the 
proceedings of the Agricultural Society, which was 
founded on November 29, 1841. J, Lambert, 
senior, became its Vice-President. A paper by J. 
Lambert, senior, on the cultivation of sugarcane, was 
published in Ceylon in 1841, and in the Observer of 
April 28, 1842, there appeared the translation from 
Spanish by him of a report on the cultivation and 
preparation of tobacco, issued by a Commission 
appointed by the Spanish Government. He died at 
Oviedo, in Spain, April 21, 1849, aged 51. The son 
was Superintendent of Galhiriya, which belonged to 
W. Huxham. WiUiam Boyd describes the elder 
Lambert as " the son of a Commander in the R.N., 
and as a handsome middle-aged man, and a bachelor," 
but he was more probably a widower. He also 
remarks that he " understands Scotch as well as the 
natives." (" Autobiography," p. 80, and Ceylon 
Literary Register, vol. VT., p. 370.) The younger 
Lambert married a daughter of John Stephens, 
widow of J. Pritchett of the Seaforth (No. 149). 

Sacred to the memory of Jane , the beloved wife of 
Arthur de T. Haultain. She died at Colombo, 
20th November, 1862, aged 27 years. 

She married A. F. de Tou&eville Haultain, of 
Kehelwatta estate , Udapalata , at Colombo , on June 1 , 
1855. She was a daughter of Lieutenant T. Robertson 
of the Gun Lascars. Her husband was on ParagaUa 
estate, Dolosbage, in 1856 and in 1862. A Mrs. 
Haultain, widow of Captaia Haultain, Madras Army, 
died at Paris, March 17, 1858. 



50th (or Queen's) 
May, 1863, aged 



In memory of Capt. A. J. Lane 

Regt., died at Colombo, 5th 

34 years. 
Erected by his brother officers. 

He was stationed at Kandy hx 1860. 

Sacred to the memory of Sarah, the beloved wife of 
C. Kettyles, Esqr., 2-25th Regt., The King's 
Own Borderers, who died at Colombo on the 27th 
Nov., 1863. Aged 34 years. 



( 68 ) 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


226 .. 


Nov. 27 . 
1863 


Sarah Kettyles 



227 



June 13 
1864 



Galle Face Burial Ground — contd. 

Inscription. 
-contd. Beloved and respected by all who knew her. 

How sweet the hour of closing day, 
When all is peaceful and serene 
And the broad sun's decHning ray 
Sends a mild lustre o'er the scene. 
Such was this Christian's parting hour, 
So peacefully she sank to rest. 
And Faith, rekindUng all its power, 
Lit up the languor of her breast. 
There was a radiance in her eye, 
A smile upon her wasted cheeks, 
That seemed to tell of Glory nigh 
In language that no tongue can speak. 
Lord, that we may thus depart 
Thy joys to share. Thy face to see. 
Impress Thine image on our heart, 
And teach us how to walk with Thee. 

Christopher Kettyles was Quartermaster of the 
2nd-25th Regiment. It is said that his name was 
originally spelt " Kettles." 

M. S. 

CAKOLI BOSS MITCHELL 

HENEICI MITCHELL 

SCOT. ECCL. MONQ. 

PASTOEIS 

MINIMS NATI 

QUEM EILIUM OPTISSIMUM 

FEATREM GAEISSIMUM 

IMMATURA MOETE 

ABEEPTUM 

OHEISTTJS AD SE 

ARCESSIVIT 

VIXIT ANNOS XX 

MENSES IX DIES HI 

OBHT Xni KAL JUN 

MDCCCLXIV. 

I have not been able to ascertain what place 
" MONQ " stands for. " monq " may stand for Mon- 
quhltter, a parish ia Aberdeenshire. " minimb nati " 
also seems incorrect. 



Charles Ross Mitchell 



228 



Feb. 10 
1865 



Cloudesly Shovel Fltzroy 
Mason 



299 



March 29 
1865 



Richard Reginald Scott 



230 



July 25 
1865 



James Swan 



Sacred to the memory of Cloudesly Shovel 
FiTZEOY Mason, District Officer of Puttlam, died 
at Colombo, 10 February, 1865, aged 34 years. 

He was in the Commissioner of Roads' Department. 
The bridge over the Hulu-ganga, at Teldeniya, 
Central Province, was erected by the 3rd Division of 
Pioneers under his superintendence, March 1, 1859- 
March 20, 1860, as is shown by the inscription on it. 

Sacred to the memory of Riohaed Reoinald 
Scott, Esq., eldest son of the late Capt. J. K. 
Scott, and late Master Attendant, Negapatam, 
who departed this life on the 29th March, 1865, 
aged 28 years 5 months and 23 days, leaving behind 
his severely afflicted mother and a large circle of 
relatives and friends to mourn his irreparable loss. 

In memory of James, eldest son of Alexander 
Swan, of Hythe, Kent, who died 25th July, 1865, 
aged 55 years. 

Also his infant daughter Emma. 

The following announcement appears in the Ceylon 
Times, 1846 : " At Bockawelle Grange, on 17th Oct., 
the lady of James Swan, Esq., of a son." " James 
Swan of Bockawella " was appointed a Member of the 
Legislative Council in September, 1848. Bokkawala 
is in the Harispattu division of the Kandy District, 
6 miles from the 9th mUestone on the Galagedara road. 
The estate is near Morankanda, and in 1843 James 
Swan and his brother, William, are given in the 
directory of the " Ceylon Almanac " as resident on 



( 69 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground— conic^. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


230 . . 


July 25 
1865 


. James Swan- 



-contd. 



231 



Oct. 11 
1865 



Alfred James 



232 



Sept. 27 
1865 



Richard Theodore Penne- 
father 



233 .. 


Oct. 31 
1865 


John Lamb 


234 .. 


Jan. 2 
1866 


Edward Coviei 


235 . 


June 17 
1866 


James Massie 



Inscription. 
'* the Morankanda plantation," of which, no doubt, 
the Bokkawala estate formed a part. WiUiam died in 
that year, and James seems to have remained until 
1846, when he removed to Colombo to take an active 
part in the business of Swan, Keir & Co. , and later in 
the firm of James Swan & Co. The Bokkawala estate 
is now the property of the De Soyzas, and is not under 
cultivation. A daughter of Alexander Swan, Anna 
Maime, married at Kandy, Jim^e 18, 1845, Louis 
George Morgan, youngest son of Lieutenant-Colonel 
H. Bird, of the 16th Regiment. Whether W. Aber- 
cromby Swan, whom Mr. A. M. Ferguson describes as 
an accomplished writer on planting life and the 
creator of " Peter Donaldson " and many other 
characters, and as drilling his coolies in military 
fashion, was a relative, I do not know. 

In memoriam, Alfred James, Ensign, 25th Regt., 
the King's Own Borderers. He was accidentally 
drowned in the Colombo lake on the 11th October, 
1865, while endeavouring to save the life of his 
native boatman. 

Erected by his brother officers as a tribute of respect. 

Mr. George Armitage, a son of Mr. John Armitage, 
was in the boat with him. There was a diflSculty in 
stopping the boat, which was under sail. 

A private of the 97th was drowned in the Colombo 
lake, August 9, 1833. 

RiCHAED T. Pennepatheb, Auditor-General, Ceylon, 
died 27th Sept., 1865, aged 37 years. 

He had served in British North America from 1848 
to 1861, and was appointed Auditor-General from 
June 24, 1861. 

In memory of John Lamb, of Watagala Estate, who 
died in Colombo, 31 Oct., 1865, aged 47 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Edward Covien Acason, 
of Barnet, Herts, who died Second of January, 
1866, aged 

In memoriam, James Massie, CCS., 17 June, 
1866. 

His age was 22. He was brother of Mr. Robert 
Massie, CCS. (1865-1888), and a nephew of the 
Rev. Dr. Massie, L.M.S., at one time a missionary at 
Madras. He was a Cambridge man, and joined the 
Civil Service in 1862. He was Acting Assistant 
Government Agent, Trinoomalee, from August 1, 
1864, and Acting Assistant Government Agent, 
Kxunm.egala, August 1, 1865, in which appointment 
he was confirmed on October 16 the same year. His 
first fixed appoititmentwas Commissioner of Requests, 
&c., Chavakachoheri, from August 1, 1865, but he did 
not take up the work of that appointment. At the 
time of his death he was acting as District Judge of 
Ratnapvu-a. 



236 



237 



June 26 
1866 



Oct. 22 
1866 



Ann Butler 



Hamlet Wade Thompson 



In memory of Ala's, Relict of the late Thomas 
Butler, many years matron of the Female 
Orphan Asylum, Colombo. Born 2nd August, 
1802. Died 26th June, 1866. 

To the memory of Hamlet Wade Thompson, 
Ensign, 25th Regt., the King's Own Borderers, 
who was accidentally shot at Colombo on the 22nd 
October, 1866, aged 20 years. 

Erected by his brother officers as a mark of esteem. 

He was practising pistol shooting at his quarters 
with Lieutenant J. A. Lawrie, R.A., Ensign F. 
Forjett, 25th Regiment, and Assistant Surgeon 
G. J. H. Watt, 26th, when a " Monte Cristo " 
pistol, held by the latter, went off just as he was 
presenting it, and Ensign Thompson was shot through 
the head. 



( 70 



Galle Face Burial GTound—contd. 



Serial No. 
238 . 



Date. 
1867 



Name. 
J. Fraser 



239 



March 24 
1869 



Henry King Fenwick 



240 



July 1 
1869 



Charles Merson 



241 



Jan. 17 
1870 



Gother Mann Parsons 



242 



243 



Feb. 28 

1870 



Sept. 15 
1871 



Edwin Henry Downe 



Nathaniel Westaway 



Inscription 

Dr. Frasee, D.I.G. Hos. Died 1867. 

This is a very insignificant tombstone, and the 
lettering is nearly illegible — the date almost altogether 
so, but I take the date to be 1867, as Dr. Fraser's 
name disappears from the " Ceylon Almanacs " ii 
1868. He was Deputy Inspector-General of Hos- 
pitals, Ceylon, 1864-1867. Whether he is the same 
officer as the J. Fraser, M.D., who was in 1863 
Surgeon of the 50th Regiment in Ceylon, I cannot say, 
but it seems likely. Strange to say there is no 
reference to Dr. Fraser's death in the local papers, or 
in the obituary in the " Ceylon Almanac." 

In memory of Lieut. Hbney King Fenwick, Ceylon 
Rifle Regt., died 24th March, 1869, aged 29 years. 

Erected as a mark of esteem by his brother officers. 
There was a Captain Thomas Lyle Fenwick. in the 
Ceylon Rifles in 1831. He was gazetted Lieutenant, 
Ceylon Rifles, August 10, 1826, while Quartermaster. 
In the Literary Gazette of October 1, 1831, he adver- 
tised for publication " A History of Ceylon under 
the Government of Lt.-Genl. Sir Edward Barnes," 
also " Notes of a Voyage from Ceylon to England, with 
some remarks on the Present State of the Mauritius, 
the Cape of Good Hope, St. Helena, and the Island of 

.. Ascension," but neither work seems to have been 
published. I imagine he was the father of the subject 
of this inscription. There was a Lieutenant Nicholas 
Fenwick in the Ceylon Rifles in 1 844. He had been in 
the 61st Regiment, and may have been another son. 

Sacred to the memory of Rev. Chablbs Meeson, 
M.A., Assistant Minister, Arbroath, afterwards 
Presbyterian Chaplain of St. Andrew's Church, 
Colombo, Ceylon, where he died 1st July, 1869, in 
the 47th year of his age, and 25th of his Ministry. 

This stone is erected by his sorrowing mother, 
Elizabeth Smith, widow of the late Rev. Peter 
Meeson, M.A., Mathematical Master, Elgin 
Academy, Scotland, as a token of respect for her 
only and much beloved and deeply lamented son. 

" A female school (at Moratuwa), im.der the super- 
intendence of the Rev. C. Merson, is supported by the 
Scottish Ladies' Association for the Advancement of 
Female Education in India." (Spence Hardy's 
" Memorials," page 188.) 

In loving memory of Gothee Mann Pahsons, Capt., 
Ceylon Rifles, elder son of G. M. Paesons, Esqr., 
who fell asleep 17th January, 1870, aged 37 years. 

He married a Miss Waller. 

Gother Mann Parsons, senior, was a Lieutenant in 
the Royal StaH Corps in Ceylon in 1826. He was 
appointed an Assistant Engineer in 1833 ; Assistant 
Civil Engineer, October 1, 1837 ; Civil Engineer, 
November 30, 1844 ; and was also a Commissioner of 
the Loan Board from April 16, 1846. He retired on 
October 16, 1854, and died in 1872. 

" Parsons , who had been in the Pioneer Corps under 
Sir Edward Barnes, became Chief Assistant to Mr. 
Norris in the Civil Engineer and Surveyor-General's 
Department, and was with Mr. Norris dismissed in 
Sir G. Anderson's time, for allowing the head clerk to 
embezzle money. Through the interest of the Hon. 
G. C. Talbot, Parsons was restored to thet'public 
service." (Ceylon Literary Register, vol. VI., p. 253.) 

Edwin Heney Downe, Ensign, H. M. 73 Regt., 
bom 14th January, 1849, died at Colombo, 28th 
Feb., 1870. 

Erected in loving remembrance by his mother and 
sister. 

In memory of Nathaniel Westaway, Lieut., R.A., 
second son of N. Westaway, Esq., of St. Helier, 
Jersey. 

Erected by his sorrowing brothers and sisters. 
(The date given is the date of burial.) 



{ 71 ) 

Galle Face Burial Ground— cow^rf. 

Serial No. Date. Name. 



Inscription. 



244 . . Oct. 8 . . Frank R. Gorman . . In memory of Frank R. Gorman, eldest son of 

1872 Capt. W. J. Gorman, bom Nov. 22, 1856, died 

8th Oct., 1872. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Gorman, whose father was 
Commandant and Police Magistrate of Moreton Bay, 
was in the Ceylon Rifles until it was disbanded, 
was Adjutant 1852-53, and afterwards Colonial Store- 
keeper and Lieutenant-Colonel of the Ceylon Light 
Infantry Volunteers. He married a daughter of 
Lieutenant-Colonel William Twisleton Layard, a 
son of C. E. Layard (see No. 47). There was an 
Adjutant Owen Gorman, 69th Regiment, in Ceylon 
in 1832. 

245 . . Nov. 19 . . Arthur Stuart Baynes . . Sacred to the memory of Arthur Stuart Baynes 

1872 Army Control Department, died 19th November, 

1872, aged 44 years. 

246 . . Sept. 17 . . Thomas Dyer Thistleton In memory of Thomas Dyer Thistlbton Dyer, 

1873 Dyer Lieut.-Col., Madras Army, died 17th Sept., 1873, 

on board ss. Viceroy, off Colombo, aged 57. 

247 .. Nov. 17 .. Edward Alexander Lawrance In loving memory of Edward Alex. Lawrance, 

1873 Surgeon-Major, Bombay Army, who died at 

Colombo, 17th November, 1873, aged 37 years. 

248 . . June 3 . . Anna Staples . . Erected by Annie and Georgiana Staples to the 

1874 memory of their beloved mother, rehct of the late 

J. J. Staples, C.C.S., born 25 Nov., 1803, died at 
Staples House, Colombo, 3rd June, 1874. 

She was a Miss Anna Loughlin, daughter of Mr. 
Michael Loughlin, and married J. J. Staples in 1821 
(see No. 184). Mr. M. Loughlin was the proprietor of 
" Loughlin's Auction Rooms" of the first years of 
British rule. He married a Miss Anna Williams at 
Colombo, January 23, 1803, and died at Bombay, 
June 20, 1822, aged 65. She died at Madras, 
January 2, 1816, " aftera long illness on this Island." 

249 . . July 29 . . Joseph Rimmers . . Sacred to the memory of Private Joseph Rimmers, 

1874 aged 22 years. Private George Wilson, aged 25 

George Wilson years, of H. M. 57th Regt., who were accidentally 

drowned while bathing on the 29th July, 1874. 
This stone was erected as a token of respect by the 
ofiScers and men of E Company. 

250 . . Aug. 16 . . Eliza Harriet Hall . . Sacred to the memory of Eliza Harriet, 2nd 

lg'74 daughter of G. M. Parsons, Esq., and the beloved 

wife of W. G. Hall, Esqr. , died 16th August, 1874, 
aged 44 years. 

W. G. Hall was son of Quartermaster William Hall, 
and was in the Public Works Department for many 
years. He was generally known as "Billy Hall," 
and is described by Lieutenant Henderson as " a Civil 
Servant of the Roads Department and one of the 
most energetic of the officers of the Government. 
He was employed at Dambool to assist the miUtary in 
various ways." ("Matale Rebellion," p. 162.) This 
was in 1848. He died at Colombo, July 3, 1889. 
Mr. A.M. Ferguson says of him , writing in 1 8 8 6 : "In 
Ambagamuwa, in May, 1840, in the heart of a portion 
of the five hundred square miles of forest which then 
constituted the wilderness of the Peak, but which is 
now one series of plantations, some abandoned. . . . 

I met Mr. Wm. Hall, who still lives to recount 

the main incidents of British rule in Ceylon or the 
narratives of many who were connected with his 
family, including the poetical Major Anderson." 
("Ceylon in 1837-46," p. 31.) This refers to 
Captain Thomas Ajax Anderson of the 19th Regiment, 
who was in Ceylon 1798-1816, the author of " Poems 
written chiefly in India," published in 1809 out 
of a poem called " The Wanderer in Ceylon," which 
was published in 1817, and of others contributed to 
the Government Gazette, which for twenty years or 
more had a " Poet's comer." In 1811 he was tried 
by court-martial for ( 1 ) " submitting to be told by his 
cormnanding officer that he had told a lie," and (2) 
for not having fulfilled his written promise to leave 
the regiment within a year of his departure for 
England on September 24, 1807. He was acqtutted 



( 72 ) 



Galle Face Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 
250 .. 



Date. 

Aug. 16 

1874 



Name. 

Eliza Harriet Hall- 



-contd. 



251 



June 27 
1877 



Maud Edith Moncriefl 
St. George 



Inscription, 
on the first charge, but found guilty on the second, 
and pubUcly reprimanded. This did not, however, 
induce him to quit the regixuent or to cease writing 
poetry, for next year he published " Ceylon : a Poem 
in Three Cantos," and in 1815 he took part for the 
second time in a Kandyan war, commanding the 
force which marched from Batticaloa. He must 
have been a connection by marriage of the Halls. 
W. G. Hall married (1) on July 11, 1843, Julie, 
eldest daughter of J. Piachaud, (2) in 1867 the 
subject of this inscription, and (3) a sister of G. W. 
Worthington, C.C.S., 1859-1892. 

Maud Edith Moncbieff St. George, the beloved 
daughter of H. H. and Agjstbs St. Geoege, aged 
2 years 11 months. Drowned by the capsizing 
of the boat between the wharf, Colombo, and 
ss. Almora, 27th June, 1877. 

Lieutenant-Colonel St. George was Assistant Com- 
missary, Ordnance Store Department, at Colombo, 
1874-77, and was again stationed at Colombo in 1890. 
He contributed to the Journal of the Royal Asiatic 
Society a translation from the Spanish of Joao Rod- 
riques de Sae Menzes' "Rebellion de Ceylon," which 
was read at a meeting on November 22, 1890. 



The Colombo Pettah Burial Ground. 



The " kerkhof " of the Dutch Church in the Fort, which used to lie on the site of the " Gordon Gardens," 
is situated, in accordance ^vith the custom of the Dutch, just outside the Fort in the Pettah. "It is 
enclosed by a low wall having two gates, one leading into Main street, one of the busiest thoroughfares in 
Colombo, the other into Keyzer street, in which a fair amount of native traffic is carried on." It is probable 
that there were no burials in the compound of the Dutch Church in the Fort, except within the area of the church 
itself, and there is very Uttle ground round Wolvendaal, which superseded it. In the Pettah Burial Ground 
were interred all Dutch people who did not care to pay the high fees charged for burial within the church, and 
in the first few years of the British occupation all members of the British community who died within that 
period. Even after the opening of the GaUe Face Cemetery there were burials occasionally of British officers, 
civil and mihtary, and of their wives and children in the Pettah. It was the burial place of Wolvendaal 
and of St. Peter's. The Wolvendaal register shows, that in Dutch times it was divided into two portions : " het 
binnen kerkhof" for Europeans and "het buiten kerkhof" for Christian natives, but the two portions appear to 
have been in the same enclosure without a dividing waU. The burial ground, which was originally open on all 
four sides, with a street on each side, has of late years been enclosed by buildings on two sides erected for shops 
and o&ces, and it is probable that these encroachments may go further. In fact, a two storey shop has quite 
recently been erected on the Keyser street side, which until then had been quite free of buildings. 

The following is a continuation of the description of the Pettah Burial Ground, quoted above, froi^ the 
Madras Mail (1902) :— 

' ' A few of the monuments are crumbling to pieces ; some of the slabs of granite over the remains of British 
officers are partially sunk out of position and almost covered with weeds and grass. A few of the tombstones, 
principally of the Dutch, have apparently been removed, for there are gaps here and there, and impressions where 
some of the smaller stones have been. The Dutch tombstones are of a different kind of granite and less massive 
than the EngUsh ones , and almost square. They seem to be all of one pattern , having the symbol of Time and the 
emblems of Mortahty executed in bas-reUef . The headings of the epitaphs generally begin with ' Hier-onder rust ' 
or ' Hier-onder legt.' " I may add here that many of the Dutch memorials are small head stones of the pattern 
of the Dutch gable, with a seventeenth century air about them, both as to style and lettering. "The 
inscriptions on several of the English slabs are cut pretty deeply, some to the extent of almost half an inch. 
To the west there is a fairly extensive portion almost level, and probably at one time covered with graves. Not 
a single memorial is there to be found to indicate the resting place of the British soldier. Perhaps the wooden 
crosses and slabs set up at the heads of the graves by loving comrades have long since perished. A few garden 
flowers grow wild, chiefly the pink oleander, the golden cup, and some stragghng and stunted chrysanthemums." 

Captain T. A. Anderson, in a note to his poem " The Wanderer in Ceylon," pubUshed in 1817, states that 
" The gallant Captain Hardinge of the St. Fiorenzo, who was killed in action with the French Frigate La Pied- 
montaise off Colombo, was buried there together with many officers of rank, such as General Doyle, Colonels Petrie, 
Bonnevaux, Barbut, Blair, Blakeney, Hunter, Hayter, &c., not to mention many distinguished Admirals and 
Generals in the earUer periods of the Colony, who did honour to their respective nations." Capt. Hardinge, a 
younger brother ot Lord Hardinge, was killed on 8th March, 1808, towards the end of a three days', engagement 
with the French frigate in the gulf of Mannar. (See Cotton, p. 45.) 



( 73 ) 



Pettah Burial Ground— cow^tZ. 

There are the tombstones with inscriptions of Colonels Petrie and Barbut and of Major Blair still to be seen, 
but none of the rest. As Lieutenant-Colonel Hunter died at Trincomalee, Lieutenant-Colonel Hayter at Jaffna, 
and Lieutenant Blakeney perished in the Kandy massacre, it is curious that they should be interred in the 
Pettah. Captain Anderson describes the Pettah Burial Ground in the following verses in the same poem (Canto 
III.), and his note, quoted above, explains the allusions. There is no sign of any " Lusian" tomb in the place, 
i)ut it may have been originally used as a burial ground by the Portuguese : — 



That square with walls encompassed round 
Is the colonial burial ground. 
How many a restless plotting brain 
Its narrow limits now contain ! 
The mind which fixed upon this spot. 
Where human grandeur is forgot. 
With rev'rence views the silent scene, 
And ponders what each once has been ! 

Some Lusian warriors here may sleep. 
Who boldly plough'd the eastern deep. 
And undismay'd by perils bore 
The cross to many a pagan shore. 
By fierce, but erring zeal impell'd, 
Their daring course undaunted held ; 
How swift their empire rose and fell 
Let history's mournful records tell ! 
And here those Belgic chiefs repose. 
Who tore the laurel from their brows. 
Who cheok'd their rivals' proud career. 
And fix'd a rising empire here. 
Till conqu'ring Britain won the gem 
And fix'd it in her diadem ! 
Then pause, and in this sober hour, 
Behold the emptiness of pow'r ; 
How vanished all their regal state, 
No ready slaves around them wait. 
No sycophants are on the watch. 
Each motion, word, or look to catch ; 
Ah, no ! the fawning minions run 
To worship at the rising sun ! 

Within that vault's capacious breast 
Some patriot chief perhaps may rest. 
No crowds now listen to that voice 
That bade a sinking land rejoice ! 
Some beauty, proud of youthful grace, 
The kindest heart, the sweetest face, 
Whose thrilling glance bade all adore. 
Now hears the tender vow no more ! 
Perchance some bard, whose tuneful lyre 
Was richly fraught with heaven's own fire, 
How silent all its silver tones. 
The Ij^e its absent lord bemoans ! 
And some have cross'd the swelling wave, 
From poverty's cold grasp to save 
A parent or a drooping wife. 
And mingling in these scenes of strife, 
Indulg'd a hope, their little hoard 
Might comfort to their age afford ; 
Yet here, away from every friend, 
Those cherish'd dreams have found an end. 
Others, who at their covintry's beck. 
Have firmly trod the reeking deck. 



And 'mid the battle's purple tide 
Have on the eastern billow died ; 
Some to these distant shores who came 
In tented fields to purchase fam.e, 
Who proudly hop'd a name to raise, 
That bards might harp in future days ; 
But found, too late, these forests yield 
No glorious wreath, no hard-fought field ! 
Disease, the warrior's wily foe. 
Has laid their sanguine ardour low ; 
And with the coward, and the slave, 
They share one undistinguish'd grave ! 
From all their arduous labours free, 
The fathers of this colony 
Repose upon this spot of earth, 
Far from the land that gave ^nhem birth, 
And palsied is the head and hand 
That bravely fought or wisely plann'd ! 
These melancholy thoughts impart, 
A solace to a wounded heart. 
While every gleam of happier hue 
Steals like the rainbow from my view, 
This weed-grown monumental space 
Recalls that dear-lov'd youth's embrace, 
Who hail'd with me this distant realm, 
While hope and rapture rul'd the helm. 
Whose early spring tide, bright and clear, 
Gave promise of a fruitful year, 
It might have sooth'd his parting breath. 
If he had met a soldier's death. 
The meed of the distinguish' d few 
Who nobly bled at Waterloo ! 
But here the hapless youth, denied 
This guerdon of a warrior's pride, 
And on this unfrequented spot 
He died unhonor'd and forgot, 
Wither'd in manhood's opening prime, 
A martyr to a burning clime ! 
E'en he, a trifler 'mid the throng 
Who boast the melody of song, 
Who pom's this meditative lay 
O'er these forgotten mounds of clay. 
Pass but a few brief years and then 
He slumbers with his feUow men. 
And may perchance as widely claim 
Some slight memento of his name, 
May, far from his paternal halls. 
Repose within these very walls. 
And not a living soul retain 
The memory of his idle strain, 
Fled like a summer's morning haze. 
That vanishes e'en while we gaze. 



" The dear lov'd youth " may have been Lieutenant John Kerr of the 19th, who died at Colombo on January 
17 1803 a brother officer of Captain Anderson's of the same standing ; or Lieutenant Saunders, or Lieutenant 
Nixon of the same regiment, who died in 1810 ; or Lieutenant John Winn, who died at Colombo the same year, and, 
I think was also of the 19th. The other three officers who died at Colombo between 1796, when the regiment 
arrived'in Ceylon, and 1812, when apparently Anderson wrote his poem, were officers of some service. 

Name. Inscription. 

Willem Meyer . • Hier leyt begraven Willem Meyer. Overladen den 

6 Xber Ao. 1678. Out synde 60 jaaren. 
(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XVIII., p 62.) 



Serial No. 
252 .. 



Date. 

Dec. 6 

1678 



253 



June 18 
1680 



Catharinna Magnus Brunek 



Hier legt begraven Cathaeinna Magnus huysvrouw 
van den Vryborger Joan Jacob Beunek. 
Begraven den 18 Juny, 1680. Haer ouderdomwas 
21 jaer en 4 maent en 18 dagen. 
(Ibid., vol. XVn.,p. 35.) 

The lettering on this tomb is quaint. It is in high 
relief. U is used for V everywhere, and all the N's 
are upside down. 



( 74 ) 



Pettah Burial Ground— cow^i. 



Serial No. 
253 .. 



254 .. 



255 



Date. 

June 18 
1680 



Jan. 6 
1684 



June 11 
1684 



Name. 

Catharinna Magnus Brunek 

— contd. 



Joan de la Court 



Thomas van Vliet 



256 



July 31 
1684 



Catharina Elisabeth Alstorpf 



257 



April 1 
1686 



Jan Weemayer 



258 



Jan. 9 
1688 



Cornelis Gerardsz van 
Kempen 

Joan Gerardsz van Kempen 



259 



Jan. 7 
1689 



Sigismundus Moor 



260 



Feb. 16 
1689 



Job Goutier 



Inscription. 

John Jacob' Brunek of Worms (Germany) was the- 
Chief Surgeon of the Casteel of Colombo in 1671, when 
he married Catherinna, born at Colombo, 1659, the- 
daughter of Mattheua Magnus, of Gulick, and An- 
thonica Ferreira. He appears to have left the service- 
of the Company, as in 1680 he was a " vryburger." 

Hier legt begraven Den. E. Capitain Joan dje la. 

CoTTBT van Luyck, out 48 jaren, 10 mndn en 21 

daen. Obiit den 6 Jany, Ao. 1684. 
(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XVII., p. 33.) 
The lettering is finely cut in high relief. 

Thomas VAN Vlijit. Obiit 11 Juny, Anno 1684. 
(Ibid., vol. XVIII., p. 53.) 

Arms. — The same as those of Joan van Vliet^ 
already blazoned. 

The inscription is a peculiar style of raised lettering. 

Thomas van Vliet was born at Tuticorin in 1683, 
being the son of Joan van VUet of Schiedam, Chief of 
Tuticorin, and Maria van Rhee. 

Catharina Elisabeth Alstorpf geboren tot 
Colombo den 27 January, Ao. 1683. Obiit ulto. 
July, 1684. 

Catharina Elisabeth Alstorpf, born at Colombo 
on the 27th January, 1683, died 31st July, 1684. 

Perhaps daughter of Gerrardus Alstorpf of Deven- 
ter. Secretary of the Weeskamer (Orphan Chamber),, 
and Christina Groenenburg. They were married at 
Colombo on January 13, 1677. 

Hier leyt begraven Jan Weemayer in syn leven 
cruytmaker. Obit den 1 April, Ao. 1686. 
{Ibid., vol. XVIII., p. 61.) 

He was the husband of Annetje Jansz Verhaare of 
Batavia, who married, as widow Weemayer, Hubert 
van Kranendonk of Rotterdam, " Crugt maker," = 
powder maker. 

Hier onder leyt begraven Cornelis Gerardsz van 
Kempen, geboren tot Amster, anno 1665. Obiit 9 
Januarii, 1688. 

Hier onder leyt begraven Joan Gerardsz van 
Kempen, geboren tot Amster, anno 1665. Obiit 
9 Januarii, anno 1688. 

(/6id., vol. XVII., p. 37.) 

Evidently twin brothers, who died on the same day. 

There was a Jan van Kempen, Onder koopman, 
who was married to Anna de Heyde, and had a son 
Rutgaert, baptized at Tuticorin, November 11, 1683, 
by the Rev. Simon Cat. Anna de Heyde was probably 
the daughter of Rutgaert de Heyde, Commandant 
of the Madura Coast, and Christina Bgger, who were 
sponsors at the baptism. Anna married (2) John 
Staff orts. Superintendent of the Cinnamon Depart- 
ment. 

Hier rust Sigismundus Moor in syn leven vryborgher 
te deeser steede, out 50 jaaren, overleeden 7 
January, 1689. 

Here rests Sigismundus Moor, free burgher of this 
city, aged 50 years, died 7 January, 1689. 

Sigismundus Moor was a native of Villach, Carinthia 
(Germany), and married (1), 1670, Dominga Suarus of 
Colombo, and (2), 1677, Anna Coningh of Colombo. 

Hier leyt begraven den eersamen Job Goutiee, in 
syn leven vryborgher in vicepreses van't civile 
collegie. Gestorven den 16 Febry, Ao. 1689, out 
62 jaaren. 

(Ibid., vol. XVIII., p. 54.) 

Job Goutier was a vryman (i.e. , a person not in 
the Company's service) so early as 1669, when he was 
livmg at Colombo. His wife was Andrezia Ferreira. 

(See No. 267.) 



( 75 ) 



Pettah Burial GrouM—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


261 .. 


July 20 
1690 


. . Zacharias Kakelaar 



262 



Jan. 25 
1691 



Rachel Brunek 



263 



May 3 
1694 



Maria de Wandel 



264 



June 26 
1694 



Isabella Dier 



Inscription. 
Hier leyt begraven den E. Zacharias Kakelaar 
zalr. in syn leven Koopman en secretaris alhier, 
gebooren den 18 Maart, 1652, overleden den 20 
July, 1690. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C,B., vol. XVII., p. 21; vol. 
XVIII., p. 56.) 

He married Petronella van Zon. 
Hier rust de eerbare juffrouw Rachel BROtrwBRS, 
huysvrouw van den Opperchirurgyn des Castls. 
Colombo, Jan Jacob Betjnek out 24 jaer 9 maand 
en 11 dagen, ende overleeden den 25 January, 
anno 1691. 

(Ibid., vol XVIIL, p. 57.) 

Rachel Brouwers or Brouwer was of Amsterdam. 
Whether she was a relative of Gorvernor-General 
Hendrik Brouwer (born 1580, died 1643) has not been 
ascertained. She was the second wife of J. J. Brunek, 
whom she married on December 27, 1682, at Colombo. 
<See No. 253.) 

The Governor-General was the father of Hendrik 
Brouwer, born at Amsterdam, October 21, 1624, the 
great jtirist. 

Genes. 49, vers 18. Op Uwe Saligheydt wachte ick 
Heere. (I have waited for Thy salvation, 
Lord.) 
Hier rust d. eerbaer E. juffrou Mael^ Geeeetsen van 
Colombo, in haer leven huysvrouwe van den 
schippr. Jan de Wandel. Sy is geboren den 12 
Juny , 1664. Overleden den 3 May, Ao. 1694. Haer 
ouderdom 29 jaer 11 maenden 9 dagen. 
(Ibid., vol. XVIII., p. 62.) 

Jan de Wandel, of Maldegem in East Flanders, 
north-west of Ghent. He married Maria Gerritsen, 
widow of Matthys Cornelisz, on January 10, 1683. 

Gen. 49, v. 1.8. Op Uwe saligheit wagte ik Heere. 

Hier rust d'eerbare Isabella Lambeets, geboren tot 
Colombo, in hare leven huysvrouwe van Coeneaad 
DiEE, Luyt. der Burgery. Overleden 26 Juny, 
Ao. 1694, out 36 jaaren. 
(76id.,vol. XVII.,p. 32.) 
See No. 273. 

Coenraad Dier was a native of Ntirenburg, and 
married (1) at Colombo, March 18, 1683, Isabella 
Lamberts, the divorced wife of Willem van Loo. He 
married (2) at Colombo, January 15, 1696, Anna van 
Salingenof Colombo, born at Colombo, 1678, daughter 
of Jan van Salingen, vryburger, and Maria Linds. 
Anna van Salingen married as widow Dier on August 
7, 1707, Albert van Wede of Pulicat, Onderkoop- 
man, and Master of the Mint at Negapatnam. Albert 
van Wede gave a power of attorney, November 4, 
1707, to Jacomina van Wede, widow of Pieter Calen- 
drini, Jan Maartensz, Onderkoopman and Secretaris, 
Negapatnam, and Wouter van Wede, Assistent, 
Negapatnam. Albert van Wede's mother was Anna 
van Wede, then deceased. There was one Albert van 
Wede of Utrecht, Koopman, Tegenepatnam, born 
June 28, 1641, died Pulicat, July 28, 1681. (Cotton, 
p. 19.) One Cornelis van Wede was married to 
Neeltje Pietersen (died Pulicat, October 1, 1655), 
daughter of Captain Pieter Huybrechtsen. (Cotton, 
p. 185.) In the " Monumental Remains of the Dutch 
East India Company," by Alex. Rea (Archaeological 
Survey of India. New Imperial Series XXV.), a 
sketch is given (Plate XV.) of the arms on the tomb- 
stone of Neeltje Pietersen. The first quartering of the 
dexter impalement contains the Van Wede arms, 
blazoned as follows by Rietslap (Armorial General) : — 
D'Argent a six fleurs-de-lis de gueules. Cimier deux 
t§tes et cols de heron adosstes au naturel. This crest 
is over the shield on the tombstone. The surtout or 
inescutcheon contains the arms of the Anthonisz 
family of Ceylon, allied, according to tradition, to the 
Maartensz family. Pieter Huybrechtsen was a native 
of Rotterdam (died Pulicat, March 21, 1669, aged 70 



( 76 ) 



Pettah Burial Ground— cow^^Z. 



Serial No. 


Date.- 


Name. 


264 .. 


June 26 
1694 


. . Isabella Dier — contd. 



265 



March 5 
1695 



Maria Toorzee 



266 



267 



Oct. 22 
1695 



April 16 
1697 



Thomas Albertus 



Quiryn Goutier 



268 



Sept. 20 
1697 



Pasquel de Orta 



269 .. 



Jan. 25 
1701 



Livina Brouwer 



270 



Jan. 8 
1702 



Jacob Pietersz^Loos 



Inscription. 

years). His wife was Assentia Pietersen (died Pulicat, 
September 11, 1669, aged 68 years). (Rea, Platfr 
XXI.) 

Jan Maartensz van Suohtelen, Corporal of the 
Adelborsten (Cadets), married (I) Johanna Maar- 
tensz, who died at Pulicat, January 27, 1662, aged 
33 years (2 Wapenheraut, 248). His second wife was 
Gertruida Pietersen, who died at Pulicat, September 
6, 1670, aged 28 years. His eldest daughter by the- 
second marriage was Margarita Maartensz (died in 
Pulicat, January 25, 1685, aged 21 years), wife of 
Abraham Dormieux. (Rea, Plate VI.) 

Psal. 63 V. 4. Uwe goedertierenJieit is beter dan het 
leven ( ). " Thy loving Idndness is better than 
life." 

Hier rust juffw. Maeia Pij}CK in haer leven huys- 
vrouwe van J. Tooezej!, Constapel Majoor en 
iQgenieur op Ceylon. In den Heere ontslapen den 
5 Maart, 1695, out 28 jaren 9 maanden en 24 dagen. 
(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XVII., p. 36.) 
Her husband was Jan Christiaansz Toorzee of 
Wiburg in Jutland, whom she married on December- 
Si, 1682, at Colom.bo. She was born at Gorcum,, 
South Holland. 

Ter gedagtenis van Thomas Albjietus en syn leven. 
Baas-metselaar. Obyt 22 October, Ao. 1695.^ 

Translation.— To the memory of Thomas Albertus > 
during his life chief mason. Died October 22, 1695. 

There was a Thomas Albregt of Insbruck, mason, in 
Colombo in 1684, perhaps the same person. 

Hier rust Qtjieyn Goutijje out 29 jaaren. Sterf d. 
16 April, Ao. 1697. 

(Ibid., vol. XVIII.,p. 56.) 

He was son of Johannes Goutier, of Dordrecht, and 
Andrezia Ferreira, and was baptized at Colombo, 
March 28, 1669. He married at Colombo, July 10,. 
1689, Elizabeth Chiap of Colombo. (See No. 260.) 

Ter gedagtenisse van Pasquel dp Oeta, de salig. 
Sterf t den 20 September, 1697, out 

{Ibid., vol. XVII., p. 38.) 

Pasquaal de Orta, Assistent, Colombo, married 
there, June 24, 1691, Wilhelmina Jansz of Colombo. 
She married, on February 6, 1701, as widow de Orta,. 
Salomon Riers of Colombo, boekhouder. 

Hier rust de eerbare jufEr. Livina Jansz geboortig 
van Rotterdam in haar leven weduwe wylen d*' 
eersame Geeaedtts Beouwjee zab. in den Heere 
ontslaapen 25 January, Ao. 1701, out 68 jaren 8 m. 
en 15 dagen. 
{Ibid., vol. XVII., p. 35.) 

This Gerardus Brouwer died before January 4, 
1699, and was no doubt a relation of Rachel Brouwer 
of Amsterdam and Alida Brouwer of Amsterdam, 
wife of Jan de Haan of Dordrecht, Fiscaal, Colombo, 
1677, and thereafter, 1709, wife of Abraham Emans 
of Amsterdam, Dissave of Jaffna. The Governor- 
General Mattheus de Haan was bom at Dordrecht 
in 1663, and was the son of Adriaan de Haan (Notary 
of Dordrecht and afterwards an Onderkoopman in 
the service of the Dutch East India Company) and 
Johanna van Wyngaarden. The Governor-General 
married, circa 1692, Francina Tuwaart. His only 
child Adriana died at Batavia, July 22, 1727, as the 
wife of Stephanus Versluys (born in Middelburg,. 
1691), Governor of Ceylon (1729). 

Hier legt begraven den eersamen Jacob Pieteesz 
Loos van Amsterdam in syn leven Baas van's 
Comps. wapenkamr alhier , geboren den 1 5n. Febry. ,. 
1655. Obyt 8n. Jany. , anno 1702. 
(Ibid., vol. XVIII., p. 61.) 

He was " the chief of the Company's armoury." 
Jacob Pietersz Loos married at Colombo, on June 1, 
1681 , Margarita Diiksz de Vries of Colombo. 



( 77 ) 



Pettah Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


271 .. 


Jan. 14 . 
1702 


Cornells Haneeop 



272 



273 



274 



Nov. 25 
1702 



July 26 
1702 



Dec. 23 
1705 



Hendrick Jacob van Toll 



Coenraad Dier 



Pieter Roos 



275 .. 



April 28 
1707 



Rachel Crytsman 



276 



June 7 
1708 



Joannes Strick 



277 



Jime 9 
1708 



Joanna Roos 



278 



Sept. 21 
1709 



Joannes Huysman 



M 



Inscription. 
Hier leyt begravn. Cornelis Hanecop van JafEnapm. 
in zyn leven adsistt. ten dienste der E. Comp. 
Gebooren den 16 Septber, Ao. 1674, en overleden 
den 14 Janry., 1702. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XVIII. , p. 60.) 

Arms. — Argent, three crescents sable 1 . 2. 

Crest. — A crescent as in the arms. 

Cornelis Hannecop, Chief of Calpentyn, was the 
husband of Maria Magdalena Cherpentier of Woerden 
(South Holland, west of Utrecht), who died at 
Galle, March 25, 1699, as wife of WiUem Loquet of 
Rynbach (Germany, Cologne), her second husband, 
whom she married on February 17, 1692. 

Hier leyt begraven Mr. Hendrick Jacob van Toll 
in synleven adsistent in Comps. dienst. Overleden 
den 25 Novembr., anno 1702. 
(Ibid., vol. XVIII., p. 60.) 
Hier onder rust den E. Coenraat Dier, Capitn. 
deser stede burgery, Natus Neurenb. 6 Feby., 
1655. Obyt. 26 July, Ao. 1702. 
(Z6id., vol. XVni., p. 53.) 
(See No. 264.) 
Hier rust het lyk van de E. Pietbb Roos in syn leven 
ondercoopmn. presidt. van V^eesmeesteren en 
civilen raad albier. Overleden den 23en. Xber, 
Ao. 1705, oud 49 jaaren 10 maanden. 
(/6*d.,vol. XVIII.,p. 58.) 

Pieter Roos was the husband of Joanna Boddens. 
(See No. 277.) 
Hier ondr. rusVd'eerbar. Juffw. Rachel Hogerlinde 
huysvw. van den Boeckhoudr. en ontfangr. van's 
Comps. gerechtighedn. alhier Johann CRYTSMAJ>r. 
Geboorn. den 24 July, Ao. 1684, en overledn. den 
28 April, Ao. 1707, out 22 jam. 9 maanden en 4 
dagen. 

(/6id.,vol. XVIII,. p. 51.) 

She was perhaps the daughter of Pieter Willems 
Hogerlinde of Dordrecht and Anna Hoepels of Colom- 
bo. Johann Crytsman, the receiver of the Company's 
taxes, was a native of Breslau, and married Rachel 
Hogerlinde on November 6, 1701. She died seven 
days after the birth of her child, Pieter Bmestus 
Crytsman. 

Hier onder rust 't leyk van d'E Joannes Strick zal. 
in syn. leven onderkoopman en cassier alhier. 
Geboren in 't jaar 1668, den 15 Septemb. en over- 
leden den 7 Juny, 1708, ond 40 jaren 9 maanden en 
25 dagen. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., pp. 225, 285, 286; vol. XVII., pp. 
14, 15, 22, 30, 32 ; vol. XVIII., p. 63.) 

Anns. — Argent, three merlettes sable. 

Crest. — An ostrich's head argent. 

He was perhaps the son of Cornells Strick, Dissave 
of Colombo, and Abigail Ketelaar, and married 
Susanna Magdalina Wenkebnen. 
Thedate of birth should apparentlybe 1667, not 1668. 

Hier onder rust 't lyck van d'eerbare juflFrouw Joanna 
Boddens, laetste weduwe wylen den ondercoop- 
man Pieter Roos zaliger. Overleden den 9 Juny., 
Ao. 1708, oud 44 jaren. 

(Ibid, vol. XVIII.,p. 67.) 

(See No. 274.) 
Hier rust den onderkoopm. Joannes Huysman. 
Geboren op Jaff. den 25 Feb., 1670. Overl. tot 
Colombo den 21 Sept., Ao. 1709, oud synde 39 
jaren 6 mn. en 26/0. 

(Ibid., vol. XVIII., p. 59.) 

He was the son of Marten Huysman of Rotterdam, 
Director of Bengal, and MagdaLLna Christelyn. He 
married a Baroness van Reede (Christina or Margarita) . 

82-09 



( 78 ) 



Pettah Burial Ground— cow^rf. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


279 .. 


June 26 . 
1720 


. Anna Hoflant 



280 



June 16 
1721 



Oct. 9 
1721 



Otilia Brummer 



Dirck Antony Brommer 



281 



282 



June 28 
1721 



1728 



Dominea Hals 



Johanna Maria Albinus 



283 



Oct. 24 
1737 



Joan Pieter Clop 



Inscription. 
Rust plaets van den eerbai'e jufEr. Anna Gevertz 
van Colo, in haer leven huysvrouw van den assistent 
PijETBE, Hoflant. Overleden den 26 Juny., 1720, 
oud 29 jaren 5 maanden en 27 dagen. 
(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XVIII., p. 52.) 

There were two persons of the name of Hoflant, who 
settled in Ceylon from Holland, evidently brothers, 
viz. , Gerrit Hoflant of Amsterdam and Govert Gerritsz 
Hoflant of Amsterdam. Pieter Hoflant was born at 
Colombo, and was evidently the son of Gerrit Hoflant, 
who married at Colombo, December 1, 1680, Wilhel- 
mina Cloi^penburg of Zwolle, as, lie names his eldest 
son, who was baptized at Colombo, April 28, 1709, 
Gerrit, no doubt after the child's grandfather — the 
usual practice with the Dutch. Pieter Hoflant was 
married to Anna Gevertsz at Colombo,DeceTOber 4, 1707. 

Hier rust de eerbaare juffr. Othja Borimcan zalr. 
geweese huysvrouw van den boeckhouder Sr. 
DiECK Beummer, Gebooren op Colombo den 4 
September, Ao. 1700, den 16n. Juny., Ao. 1721, 
in den Heere ontslaepen. 

Hiermede rust Dieck Antony Bkommjje soontje 
van den boeckhouder Dibok Beommjer en Otilia 
BoEMAN. Geborn. d. 29 M. 1721, dn. 9 October, in 
dn. Heere ontslaepen. 

(Ibid., vol. X.y III., p. 59.) 

" Brommer" is the older form of spelling. 

Dirk Brummer of Bremen was married to Otilia 
Borman (Borremans) at Colombo, May 22, 1718. She 
was the daughter of Antony Borremans of Keulen, 
vryburger, and Gertruida Cornells van der Piette 
(marriage, Colombo, June 26, 1694). 

Dirk Brummer and Otilia Borremans had a son, 
Theodorus Antony, baptized at Colombo, June 1, 1721. 
This must be the same child as Dirk Antony referred 
to in the epitaph. 

Hier leyt begraven de eerbare jufr. Dominoa Suaetts , 
waarde huysvrouw van den E. Jacob Hals, Burger, 
Capit. deser stede Colombo. Obyt den 28 Juny, 
Ao. 1721, oud 40 jaren 9 dagen. 

{Ibid., vol. XVni.,p. 55.) 

Hier onder rust JoHAinsrA Maeia Toorzee in haer 
leven waarde huysvrouw van den ondercoopm. 
WiLLEM Beenard Albinus, geboren tot Batavia 
den 17 July, Ao. 1707, overleden Ao. 1728, out 
21 jaren 5 maanden en 16 dagen. 

Here rests Johanna Maria Tooezee, in her life-time 
the beloved wife of the onderkoopman Willbm 
Beenard Albinus , bom in Batavia on the 17 July, 
1707, died 1728, aged 21 years 5 months and 16 
days. 

Johanna Maria Toorzee was the daughter of Johan 
Christiaan Toorzee, of Wiburg in Jutland, Constapel- 
Majoor, by his second wife Sibilla Rex of Matara. 
(See No. 265.) 

She married William Albinus, at Colombo, on 
March 4, 1725. 

Willem Bernard Albinus of Leyden, onderkoopman, 
arrived in the Indies on the the ship Jacoba, was 
afterwards Governor of Malacca, and Johanna Maria 
Toorzee was his first wife. He married (2) at Colombo 
on May 14, 1730, Maria Henrietta van de Parra, 
sister of the Governor-General, and (3) at Batavia, 
on June 17, 1750, as retired Governor of Malacca, 
Adriana d'A'bleing of Batavia, widow of John Her- 
man Theiling, Raad-ordinair. 

{Ibid., vol. XVII., pp. 15, 36.) 
Hier onder rust de E. Joan Pieter Clop van Solingen 
in syn leeven luitenant van de HonorabUe Militier 
en gebooren den 1 Augusto, anno 1700. Over- 
leeden den 24 October, anno 1737, oud 37 jaaren 
2 maanden en 23 daagen. 
{Ibid., vol. XVII., p. 32.) 



( 79 ) 



Pettah Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 
283 .. 



284 



Date. 

Oct. 24 

1737 

Oct. 13 
1740 

Jvdy 13 
1754 



Name. 

Joan Pieter Clop — contd. 



Anike Fockes 
Johanna Isabella Nieper 



528 



Oct. 3 
1786 



Susanna Petronella Charlotte 
Sluysken 



286 



Aug. 25 
1796 



George Petrie 



287 



March 13 
1800 



John Ewart 



Inscription. 

Arms. — Argent, on a bend, between two lions 
rampant, three besants .... 

Orest. — A bust of a man holding in his dexter hand 
a mallet and in his sinister a sabre. 

Hier leggen begraven Anikj) Fockes in syn leven 
Baas der Scheepstimmerlieden alhier. Overleden 
den 13 October, anno 1740, en desselfs oudste 
dogter JoHAJSTNA Isabella Fockjjs huysvrouw van 
den Chirurgynma joor te Gale Jan Willbm Niepjjb. 
Hier overleeden den 13 July, Ao. 1754. 
(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XVIII., p. 55.) 

Anika (Aucke) Fookes was a native of Amsterdam, 
and married at Colombo, May 31, 1722, Catherina 
van Laten of Colombo, daughter of Gerrit Jarisz van 
Laten, of Embden, and Isabella Pietersz. Jan Willem 
Nieper was a native of Verden, Westphalia, and 
married Johanna Isabella. 

He was head of the ships' carpenters. " Chief 
of the ship and house carpenters" was a well known 
officer under the Dutch Company, equivalent, I 
am told, to a Provincial Engineer of the Public 
Works Department. " Scheepstimmerman " was a 
subordinate officer. The word "Baas" has been 
taken into the Sinhalese language. It has been sug- 
gested that it is the same as the English-American 
word " Boss." The use of it by the Dutch as an 
equivalent for " chief " is apparently peculiar to 
Ceylon. (See No. 270.) 

Hier onder rust S. P. C. Modeler, huysvrouw van den 
Colombose Hoofd Administrateur P. Sluysken, 
end 40 jaaren 2 maanden en 6 daagen. Gtebooren 
den 28 July, 1746. 

(Ihid., vol. XVII., p. 36.) 

She married Pieter Sluysken of Amsterdam, at 
Galle, on July 17, 1763. 

She was daughter of Major Jan Hendrik Modeler 
of Braeekel (Brenhelen ?), who married on November 
4, 1741, at Colombo, Gertuida Augustin of Batavia, 
widow. 

Sacred to the memory of Gboege Peteib, Esq., 
a Lieutenant-Colonel in the British Army and 
Commandant of this Garrison, who died the 25th 
day of August, 1796, in the 45th year of his age. 
During 33 years of constant and often the most 
arduous service, he was equally distinguished as 
an officer and a mian of honour. 

Memoriae Sacrum Geobgeii Petbie, armigeri Bri- 
tannico in Exercitu chiharchi, hujusce necnon 
arcis prsefecti qui die 25 Mensis Augusti, anno 
domini 1796, aetatisque suae 45 obiit. Qui in 
rebus arduis per triginta et tres annos et civis et 
ducismunerihus rite functus eximie laudis praemium 
et meruit et retuUt. 

An obelisk with a marble tablet in front and at the 
back, enclosed by a stone wall. " Columbo was 
particularly unfortunate in the loss of its three first 
governors after it came into our hands, aU in the 
space of one year. The first was Colonel Petrie of 
the Seventy-seventh regiment." (Percival, p. 110.) 
The early age at which he entered the King's 
service is noticeable. Lieutenant-Colonel Barbut 
joined at 16, (See No. 296.) 

The 77th was at the capture of Colombo inFebruary, 
1796. Lieutenant-Colonel Petrie besieged and cap- 
tured Cochin in 1795. (See Cotton, p. 264.) 

John Ewabt, M.D., Physician-General to His 
Majesty's troops in India, and Inspector-General 
of Hospitals in Ceylon. Died 13th March, 
MDCCC, aged XXXV. years. 

A splendid slab, a species of hornblende, the letters 
being deeply cut and perfectly chiselled. 

When Governor North arrived in October, 1798, 
he found Dr. John Briggs, of the Madras Establish- 
ment, Head Surgeon of the Island. He was replaced 
by Dr. Ewart. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


287 .. 


March 13 . 
1800 


. John EwATt—contd. 



( 80 ) 

Pettah Burial Ground — contd. 

Inscription. 

Dr. Ewart was appointed Physician-General in 
Ceylon about June, 1798, and he came out armed with 
regulations for Ceylon hospitals, but Governor North 
assured him that he " would not aUow changes in 
MiUtary departments without highest order," so he 
informs the Secretary of State. Dr. Ewart began 
his short Ceylon career by attempting reforms in the 
direction of promoting temperance among the troops 
by writing to Lord Mornington, under date May 6, 
1799, on the subject of the bad health of the soldiery 
because of the too great facility in getting spirits. 
" My plan was to give good pay to commandants and 
staff officers for preventing their family or men from 
bribing them for permission to get hquor, and to 
allow the arrack renter only one shop in each garrison 
town, and to subject that shop to the Commandant 
and Town Major to destroy adulterated hquor, and 
raising the retail price to 20 fanams per gallon. 
I intended to import cheap white Cape wine, but 
could not close with the merchants." He wrote on 
May 6, 1799: " As it refers directly to the Military, 
I forward copy of this letter to Sir Alured Clarke. I 
have seen hospital returns of India and Ceylon for 
nine months. The majority of serious diseases and 
the mortahty among troops have proceeded directly 
from unrestrained excess of arrack and toddy, which 
have been rendered more pernicious by the infusions 
of poisonous herbs. I have received voluminous 
complaints from Surgeons from all India. Our 
soldiers in foreign service have received, and now 
consider it a right, hquor gratis. Officers get emolu- 
ments from its sale to troops. Smuggling takes place." 

Governor North was annoyed at Ewart's writing 
direct to the Secretary of State, instead of " through 
the Lieut.-Governor, who is now the representative 
of supreme power in Ceylon," and what happened to 
Dr. Ewart's schemes of reform does not appear. He 
had trouble, too, with one of his suborcQnates. In 
November, 1799, he charged Surgeon Thomas Clarke 
of the 19th Regiment with disobedience of orders. 
Clarke was placed under arrest by General De Metiron, 
Commanding the Forces in Ceylon, but was " allowed 
to leave for Europe owing to the state of his mind." 

North was, as we have seen aheady, pre-disposed 
against Ewart, and a difference on the question of 
court-martials gave rise to further friction and to the 
following ebullition on the part of the Governor : — 
" That Prince of Idiots, Dr. Ewart, storms against 
my proclamation which deprives him of his birth- 
right, which he states is neither Trial by Jury nor 
Habeas Corpus, but Court-Martial." But they were 
reconciled before Dr. Ewart's death, as the Governor 
records on March 16, 1800 : " Dr. Ewart died of a 
violent fever ; we were reconciled the day before his 
death." (Wellesley MSS. in Ceylon Literary Register, 
vol. II., pp. 223, 230, 247, 263, 286.) 

288 . , Feb. 1 . . Dugald Campbell . . Captain Dttgald Campbell, H. M.'s 88th E«giment. 

1801 Son of Major-General D. Campbell, Honourable 

E. I. Co.'s Service. ObiLt 1 Feb., 1801, se. s. XIX. 
A slab of black granite in a good state of preser- 
vation. Possibly it is " 85th Regiment." General 
Dugald Campbell succeeded General Stewart as Com- 
mandfer-in-chief of the Forces of the Madras Presi- 
dency on December 12, 1804. He married Miss 
Elizabeth Mackay, at Madras, July 31, 1777. 

289 . . July 31 . . Richard Williams . . Sacred to the Memory of Richard Williams, who 

l^^l died on the 31st day of July, 1801, aged 45 years, 

Feb. 3 .. Rose Williams and of Rose, his wife, who departed this Ufe on 

1820 the 3rd February, 1820, at the age of 62 years. 

Both distinguished for their parental tenderness and 

social virtues. 
In life beloved and ia death deplored. 

A Miss Anna Williams married Michael Loughlin 
(see No. 184, and Cotton, p. 181) at Colombo, January 
23, 1803, and a Miss Elizabeth Williams married at 
Colombo, January 25, 1804, Austin Flower, who was 
appointed on April 13, 1803, Sitting Magistrate for 
the Pettah of Colombo, and combined with this office 



( 81 ) 



Pettah Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


289 .. 


July 31 
1801, &c. 


. . Richard Williams— cowtd. . . 



290 



Feb. 11 
1803 



Catharina Elizabeth Recker- 
man 



291 



April 5 

803 



Willim OUenranshaw 



292 



April 8 
1803 



Abraham Robinson 



Inscription, 
that of Private Secretary to the Puisne Judge, 
Edmund Henry Lushington. They had a son, born 
December 19, 1804. 

There was a " Lieutenant J. Loughlin " in the Ceylon 
Regiment, who proceeded to England for a year on 
March 22, 1804. He may have been a relative of 
Michael's. J. Parker was gazetted Lieuteaant, " vice 
LoughUn, deceased," September 5, 1805. " Lieut. 
John Loughlin " died in 1803 at PoonamaUee. (See 
Cotton, p. 181.) 

Hier rust Cathakina Elizabeth Wolff, huisvrouw 
vandenHeer J. H. Reckbbman. Gebooren den21ste 
Maart, 1773,enoverleedendenllstePebruary, 1803. 
(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XVIIL, p. 58.) 

Jan Hendrik Reckerman was for years Fiscal at . 
Colombo under the British Government. He was a 
son of Jan Hendrik Reckerman of Onna (Onnaing ?, 
France), vaandrig (ensign), and Cornelia Merciana 
Franohimont. Catherine Elizabeth Wolff was a 
daughter of Jan Sebastian Wolff, of Amsterdam, and 
of Anna Cornelia Lensz. Her first husband was 
Hendrik Willem Prancke. 

Sacred to the memory of Wm. Ollenbanshaw, late 
Lieut, in H. M. 65th Regt., who died on the 5th 
day of April, 1803, aged 25 years. 

A detachment of the 65th or 2nd Yorkshire North. 
Riding Regiment, now the 1st Battalion York and 
Lancaster Regiment, arrived in Ceylon on November 
2, 1802, from the Cape, and left for India at the end 
of 1803. It seems to have been but a small detach- 
ment, andinAugust, 1803, the only officers of the 66th 
in Ceylon were Lieutenant- Colonel George Maddison, 
who succeeded Lieutenant-Colonel Robertson as Com- 
mandant of Colombo in June of that year, and Lieu- 
tenants Thomas Watson and Philip de Lisle. On the 
despatch of the army to Kandy in 1803 Lieutenant 
OUenranshaw was sent up to superintend' the for- 
warding of stores from Port Frederic at Kotadeniyawa, 
but "the endemial fever occasioned by the noxious cli- 
mate soon proved fatal." Like Lieutenant Patrick 
Campbell, whom he succeeded, he had been "selected 
on account of his talents and merit to an office of great 
trust and importance." (Cordiner, vol. II., p. 192.) 

Sacred to the memory of Abeaham Robinson, late 
Lieutenant and Adjutant of H. M. 51st Regt. , who 
med en the 8th of April, 1803, aged 40 years. 

Captain Percival, in his diary of March 14, 1800, 
en route with General Macdowal's embassy to Kandy, 
says : " From* Colombo we learnt that the 61st 
Regiment from Madras had arrived there and 
disembarked in order to form part of the garrison." 
The 51st, or 2nd Yorkshire (West Riding Regiment), 
served in Ceylon from 1800 to 1807, and lost many 
officers and men dm^ing the period, especially in the 
Kandyan war of 1803. 

" On the 6th of April a detachment of sick which 
had left Candy on the 1st arrived in Colombo. In 
this party was Lieutenant and Adjutant Abraham 
Robinson of the 51st and Lieutenant Arthur Johnston 
of the 19th. The former expired the following day ; 
the latter went to sea and recovered " (to be after- 
wards the hero of the retreat from Kandy in 1804). 
(Cordiner, vol. II., p. 198.) 

Lieutenant Robinson had also been Fort Adjutant 
of Colombo before leaving with General Macdowal's 
forces for Kandy. 

" On the 11th of April 400 men of the 51st Regi- 
ment appeared under arms at Colombo on their 
arrival from Kandy. In little more than two months 
three hundred of them were buried, having laid the 
foundation of disease in the interior." (Captain 
Johnston's " Narrative," pp. 90-1.) 

Lieutenant Robinson's widow, EUzabeth, married 
at Colombo, March 30, 1805, Quartermaster Thomas 
Taylor of the Caffre Corps, who died at Trincomalee 
in 1814. In October, 1816, No. 2, York street, 
belonging to her, is advertised in the Gazette for sale. 



( 82 ) 



Pettah Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 
293 ., 



Date. 
May 3 
1803 



Name. 

Ann Young 



294 



May 5 
1803 



Edward Bullock 



295 



May 15 
1803 



David Blair 



Inscription. 
Sacred to the memory of Mrs. Ann Young, wife of 
Lieut, and Adjutant Young, H. M. 65th Regt., 
who died 3rd May, 1803, aged 26 years. 

Lieutenant John Young was Quartermaster of the 
detachment of the 65th at Colombo from December 
28, 1802, and was appointed Adjutant on February 
23, 1803. 

Sacred to the memory of Edwabd Bullock, late 
Captain in H. M. 65th Regt., died 5th May, 1803, 
aged 37 years. 

The Gazette of May 11, 1803, gives the date of his 
death as "Wednesday, the 4th instant." On March 
13 he was sent with fifty men of the Grenadier Com- 
pany of the 66th and fifty Sepoys of the Ceylon Native 
Infantry to Katadenia (Kotadeniyawa) via Negombo 
to reheve that post. He was there joined by another 
twenty-five men of the Grenadier Company. " Every 
individual of the party was seized with the fever, one 
after another, and sent down in boats to Colombo ; 
and at the end of three weeks Captain Bullock was 
the only European remaining at Fort Frederic. He 
had received instructions to remove the stores by the 
river and canal to Negombo, as it had been determined 
to destroy and abandon this post, on account of the 
extreme unhealthiness of the station. He exerted 
himself with great spirit, and fell a sacrifice to the 
service ; and at the end of one month from the 
commencement of his march, Lieut. Hutchins and two 
privates were the only persons of the party who 
remained ahve. This officer recovered by going 
immediately to sea, a total change of air being one of 
the most successful remedies for this dreadful malady. 
The sufferers of the 65th Regiment were all picked 
men, about six feet high, and from eighteen to twenty- 
three years of age ; they had orJy landed from the 
Cape of Good Hope on the 2nd November, 1802. 
The disease from which they suffered resembled in its 
symptoms the yellow-fever of the West Indies, and 
in general it baffled the skill of the physicians, and 
resisted the power of medicine." (Cordiner, vol. H., 
pp. 193-4.) See also Captain Johnston in his "Narra- 
tive," p. 90. 

The site of the fort is now a teak plantation, with 
a Public Works Department circuit bungalow in the 
middle of it, on the road from Negombo to GiriuUa, 
18 miles from the former. It is feverish at certain 
times of the year. 

This was the second officer lost by the detachment 
of the 66th on service at Colombo in April-May, 1803. 
(See No. 291.) 

Sacred to the memory of Major David Blaib of the 
Honourable the East India Company's Service, 
Aide-de-camp to His Excellency the Honourable 
Frederick North, Governor of Ceylon, Commissary 
General of Grain and Provisions on that Island. 
He died the 15th of May, 1803, aged 41 years. 

A stone similar to Dr. Ewart's (No. 287) and cut 
equally well, both material and workmanship being 
far superior to the slabs found in modern cemeteries. 

Captain Blair belonged to the 1st Madras Native 
Infantry, and was A.D.C. to Governor North in 
September, 1799. He joined the force which was 
being organized to operate against the King of Kandy 
on February 1, 1803. He was also " Barrack-Master 
General on Ceylon." 

Captain Anderson wrote some verses " On the 
Death of Major Blair," which are contained in bis 
book of " Poems written Chiefly in India," which he 
published in 1809. These verses are deseribed by him 
as " Written during a Time of Great Mortality from 
the Jungle Fever," and are as follows : — 
" Is not the tyrant weary yet ? 

And must another blow 

Fill every bosom with regret, 

And lay the worthy low ? 



( 83 ) 



Pettah Burial Ground— coni^?. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


295 .. 


May 15 . 
1803 


. . David BXair—contd. 



296 



May 21 
1803 



Burton Gage Barbut 



Inscription. 
Oh , how the king of terrors must 

Exult in such a prize ! 
Since he has level'd in the dust 

The virtuous and the wise ! 

If upright conduct, spotless mind. 

Integrity severe ; 
If honour, worth, and truth combin'd. 

May claim an honest tear ! 

Then we may surely weep for Blair, 

Since Death's unerring dart, 
Which never yet did mortal spare. 

Ne'er piere'd a nobler heart ! 

To soothe our sorrows here below 
Heaven sometimes deigns to send, 

The richest gift it can bestow. 
An ever-faithful friend ! 

When suddenly that friend is torn 

From our admiring eyes. 
In bitterness of soul we morn 

The loss of such a prize ! " 

Sacred to the memory of Bueton Gage Babbut, 
Esquire, late Colonel in His Maj's Service, who 
departed this life on the 21st May, 1803, in the 
44th year of his Age , 29 of which he had passed 
in the Service of the King. 

A fine stone slab, about 8 ft. by 4 ft. , with the letter- 
ing deeply out in a flowing hand. 

He came over with the 73rd Regiment, which 
had covered itself with glory at Seringapatam, and 
was engaged with the 71st and 72nd in the oapttue, 
successively, of Trincomalee, Point Pedro, Jaffna, 
Mannar, and Calpentyn, in August-November, 1795. 
In December of the year he was Commandant at 
Jaffna. He was present at the capture of Colombo 
in February, 1796, when he commanded the flank 
companies of his regiment , which , according to Captain 
Percival, " were foremost in giving the Malay Troops 
fighting for the Dutch such a warm reception that 
they soon retired very precipitately with great loss " 
(pp. 91-2). After this he appears to have been on the 
coast until June , when on the 1 7th , at Arnee he married 
Miss Eliza Nixon, and he then retiu-ned to Jaffna as 
Major and Commandant. From January to July, 
1797, he was again at the coast, engaged part of the 
time in seeing about a stallion and brood mares for 
Delft. In October he was appointed ' ' Superintendent 
of the Company's Stud at Delft and Two Brothers " 
(Iranaittivu), and in the foUo^i^ing February " Collec- 
tor of the Revenue and District of Jaffnapatam," on 
the death of the first " Resident and Superintendent 
of Revenue. ' ' He became Lieutenant-Colonel in July. 
He was again at the coast in February, 1799. On 
September 25 he was appointed, with Captain T. W. 
Kerr and Lieutenant J. Yomig, on a commission " for 
settling the Districts of Batticaloa, the Wanniya, &c. ," 
and during November he visited Cundaatje, Mannar, 
and CalpentjTi, and in February, 1 800, MuUaittivu and 
Batticaloa, no doubt on work connected with this com- 
mission. He was also Deputy Quartermaster-General. 
The 73rd was then at Poonamalle. In AprU, 1800, 
he was at Mannar. On May 5 the commission made 
its report and was dissolved. He paid a fourth visit 
to the coast in February, 1801, returning on February 
28, and on March 27 we find him urging on Govern- 
ment " the necessity of the Civil Architect constructing 
new tanks in the Wanny, " and undertaking to trans- 
mit an account of the old tanks which may stand in 
need of repair. At the same time he instructs the Civil 
Architect that " new tanks are to be made at every 
stage from Werteltivu to Kokalay, the whole of that 
distance being without water. The repair of the old 
tanks is to be commenced hereafter." (The Civil 
Architect was Lieutenant Richard John Cotgrave, 
R.E.) In April he was at Arippu engaged with the 
Pearl Fishery. On July 12, 1802, he is encamped " at 
the Dam on the Mossalie " (Musali), and is writing to 
Govermnent on the subject of the regulations for the 
management of Government forests, which had been 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


296 .. 


May 21 . 
1803 


. Burton Gage Barbut 



( 84 ) 

Pettah Burial Grovind—contd. 

Inscription. 
-coiitd. . . issued in December by the Board of Revenue, and 
which he criticises. The cost of the establishment 
which it will be necessary to maintain will be greater 
than the revenue which will be derived from the sale of 
timber, and it will be difficult to find suitable natives 
for the office of " Muhandii-am of the Woods." He 
advocates the export of timber, which should pay duty 
at 30 per cent. , and not the entire prohibition of the 
felling of timber. He had proved himself a useful 
revenue officer, and Governor North in one of his 
despatches speaks of "his assiduity, firmness, zeal, 
and success," and on February 18, 1801, the title of 
his ofifioe was changed to " Commissioner Extra- 
ordinary of Revenue and Commerce for the Northern 
Districts," which included the Wanni, Puttalam and 
Calpentyn, Trincomalee and Batticaloa. When the 
expedition against Kandy was organized at the begin- 
ning of 1803, he was entrusted with the command of 
a force consisting of one company of the Madras 
Artillery, five companies of the 19th, the greater 
portion of the Malay Regiment, and a complement of 
lascars and pioneers, which was to proceed to Kandy 
from Trincomalee. Accordingly he left Jaffna for 
Trincomalee on January 14, marched from Trinco- 
malee on February 4, was at Allettavely on the 9th, 
Minneri on the 12th, " Gonavie " on the 13th, and on 
the 14th at " Dalovoy," and expected to reach 
Nalanda where ' ' the Dissave of Matola ' ' was supposed 
to be posted in force. There is no record, however, 
of any resistance, and on February 20 he reached 
Watapuluwa, on the opposite bank of the Mahaweli- 
ganga, and joined General Maodowal. Kandy was 
occupied on the 21st. With the Malay Regiment he 
met "the Rajah Moottoo Swamy " on the 22nd, 
and proceeded to Kandy on the 24th or 25th. At 
Minneri he had given orders for " the Candian Prince 
Mootoo Swamy " to be sent to Candely* lake under 
the charge of Captain von Drieberg. He is to be 
taken into Trincomalee with the guard, if necessary. 
Captain T. A. Anderson was one of the officers of the 
19th who took part in this expedition, and his die^ry 
is printed at the end of some of the copies of his 
" Poems written Chiefly in India." On March 3 
Barbut left Kandy with General Maodowal. On 
March 31 he was appointed " Commissioner Extra- 
ordinary and Plenipotentiary from Government to 
the Court of Kandy." Macdowal returned with his 
forces to Colombo, and Barbut proceeded to Damba- 
deniya with Governor North, which they reached on 
May 1. On the 4th he contracted fever there and 
returned to Colombo on the 8th, dying a fortnight 
later. It is said that at Dambaderuya he discovered 
a plot against North by the Kandyans, which he 
frustrated by getting him to return to Colombo. 
There is no doubt that he was a very able offl.cer both 
in his military and in his civil capacity. Peroival 
refers to the many improvements introduced by him 
into the Northern Districts. " His conduct has 
rendered him equally esteemed by his coimtrymen 
and the natives," and Governor North said of hitn, 
as early as 1799, writing at " Arippo, September 
3, 1799 : " Barbut is the only good Collector, but 
he is alas not a Company's servant. Proved his 
integrity after examination of a million of malicious 
petitions against him." (WeUesley MSS., Ceylon 
Literary Register, vol. II., p. 254.) From which it 
appears that the malicious petition flourished then, 
as it does now, in the Island. Mrs. Barbut had 
left for Europe by the Bengal in the preceding 
December. The executors of his estate were Sir 
Eccles Nixon, Major-General in the Company's Ser- 
vice, who, no doubt, was his father-in-law, Captain 
Thomas William Kerr of the Ceylon Regiment, Cap- 
tain John Campbell (of the 73rd), and Mrs. Elizabeth 
Barbut. He had 200 lachams or about 8J acres of 
land at Ilpecarwe (Iluppaikadavai), in the Maimar 
District, and the executors were granted a lease of it 
for 96 years " in consideration of the labour and 
expense in clearing and rendering it fit for cultivation, 

* Kantalai tank, 24 miles from Trincomalee. 



( 85 ) 



Pettah Burial Ground— con^^^. 



Serial No. 
296 .. 



Date. 

May 21 

1803 



Name. 

Burton Gage Bathut—contd. 



297 



Aug. 7 
1803 



Christianus Camp 



298 



1803 



Jfr. Const 



299 



April 16 
1804 



Robert Riddel 



N 



Inscription, 
which the late Colonel Barbut was at." Lusignan, 
who had succeeded him as Collector, applied after his 
death, in 1803, for leave " to piirchase a part of the 
late Colonel Barbut's garden of 200 lachams survey- 
extent for 2,012 rix-dollars 1 fanam," but evidently 
this was not allowed. The following fact is interesting 
in this connection: In 1905 I was at Iluppaikkad- 
avai and met a youth called Joseph Barbut, who was 
the last of that name in the village. He was to all 
appearance a Tamil. The lands which were originally 
Colonel Barbut's are called Pallanarikamani and 
Pallavachchikamam, but this youth had no posses- 
sion of them. This part of Iluppaikkadavai was 
colonized by Portuguese and other European descen- 
dants, who have still such names as Leanders, Spek, 
Mackintyre, &c., but are to all intents and purposes 
now Tamils. This has given its name to the river 
close by, which is locally called " the Paranki-aru." 
The lease expired in 1900, but I am sure no one in 
Ceylon besides myself knew of its existence. 

Barbut was assisted in his charge of the Northern 
Districts by Frederic Gahagan, a Madras civilian, 
who acted for him during his absences at the coast, 
and who, we learn from the Wellesley MS., was 
his cousin. Gahagan was appointed Acting Collector 
of Jaffna, March 29, 1799; Assistant Collector at 
Jaffna, October 29, 1799. He returned to Madras on 
October 11, 1801, and died at Nellore, May 19, 1815. 
(Cotton, p. 276.) 

Geheiligd ter gedachtenis van den weleerw. en zeer gel. 
Hear Christianus Camp in zyn Eerw. leeven S. S. 
Th. Min. Cand. te Colombo. 
Geb. te Amsterdam den 20 Maart, 1745. Overleeden 
den 7 Augs., 1803, in den ouderdom van 58 jaaren 
4 m. en 28 d. 
(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XVII., p. 34.) 
He married Catherina Bosch of Amsterdam. 

Jfe. Const. 
(Juffrouw Const.) 

This refers, no doubt, to Maria Elizabeth Lochveld, 
the wife of Severinus Kunst (Konst) of Stockholm, 
the daughter, perhaps, of Jan Hendrick Lochveld of 
Maagdenburg, Kwartier meester, Colombo. 

RoBEET Riddel, late Lieutenant and Adjutant, His 
Majesty's Caffre Corps, who departed this life 
April 16th, 1804, aged 44 years. 

His monument has apparently disappeared sine 
1902, when a copy of the inscription appeared, amon 
others from the Pettah burial ground, in an articl 
contributed to the Madras Mail. 

In June, 1802, he was at Matara in command, as 
an Ensign of the Matara Independent Conipany. He 
accompanied Captain Beaver's force from Matara to 
the relief of Tangalla Fort, besieged by Kandyans, 
which force arrived there on May 28, 1803. He was 
left there with a considerable force of Europeans and 
Sepoys. He was thanked for his assistance on this 
occasion by Captain Beaver. Mr. John D'Oyly was 
with Captain Beaver as a volunteer, and was 
also thanked. On September 10 Ensign Riddell 
marched from Tangalla to Hambantota, arriving there 
next day. He found the garrison there under Ensign 
Pendergast in a state of blockade from August 23. 

The Kandyans were repulsed, and Ensign Pendergast 
thanked. Ensign Riddel was transferred from the 
Matara Independent Company to the Caffre Corps on 
November 6, no doubt as a reward for his services. 

His only daughter, Caroline, married at Colombo, 
June 16, 1812,Worthington Thomas Gylby, Assistant 
Surgeon, 4th Ceylon Regiment (the Caffre Corps), to 
which post he had been appointed from the rank of 
Hospital Mate, August 30, 1810. The name is foim.d 
spelt " Riddel" and " Riddell." Judging from their 
ages. Lieutenant 'Riddel and Adjutant Robinson 
(No. 292) had risen from the ranks. 

82-09 



( 86 ) 



Pettah Burial Ground — contd. 



ierial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


300 .. 


Nov. 8 . 
1807 


. Child of John Wilson 



301 



1806 
1808 



North Wemyss Twisleton 
Caroline Twisleton 



302 



Aug. 31 
1809 



Lewis Gibson 



303 



Sept. 23 
1809 



Arnoldina Johanna Laughton 



Inscription. 
Hie manent iterum revivescere reliquiae infantis 
filiffi Chiliarchi Joannis Wilson, Q.M.G., Qu« 
non ad hunc mundum, ad gloriam autem et caeli 
beatitudinem nata prima die vitse mortalis periit. 

Novembris octava A.D. 
MDCCCVII. 

An infant daughter of Lieutenant-Coloael John 
Wilson, who was appointed Deputy Quartermaster- 
General in Ceylon, July 25, 1805, from the half pay 
of the 5th Garrison Battalion, and arrived with his 
wife, Mrs. Margaret Wilson, in the Windham, which 
also brought the new Governor, Sir Thomas Maitland. 
He was afterwards Colonel of the 4th Ceylon, and 
Brigadier-General in Ceylon (November 23, 1810). 
He administered the Government as Lieutenant- 
Governor from the departure of Sir T. Maitland to 
the arrival of General Brownrigg, March 19, 1811, to 
March 10, 1812. 

Thomas Maitland, son of Lieutenant-Colonel John 
Wilson and Margaret, his wife, was baptized at St. 
Peter's, Fort, April 15, 1806. Colonel Wilson died in 
England, January 18, 1818. He is not to be confounded 
with Maj or-General Sir John Wilson , who administered 
the Government in 1831, or with Major John Wilson, 
Barrack Master-General, who died at Colombo in 1809, 

NoKTH Wbmyss, died 1806, and Caboline, who died 
in 1808, two infant children of the Hon. and Revd. 
T. J. Twisleton and Anna, his Wife. 

Vitse summa brevis, his brevissijna ! 

(See No. 13.) 

The boy was called after the Governor, the Hon. 
Frederick North, and the Maj or- General at Colombo, 
David Douglas Wemyss, 1804-5. 

Here lie the remains of Lewis Gibson, infant son of 
Lewis and Caroline Gibson. Born 19th and died 
the 31st August, 1809. 

Lewis Gibson was a brother of William Carmichael 
Gibson, and was Agent of Revenue at Matara under 
George Gregory of the East India Company's Service, 
who was successively Collector of Revenue at Galle and 
Colombo in 1799-1801. Later Gibson was Deputy 
Paymaster and Garrison Storekeeper at Galle, and 
retired January 1, 1814. He married at Galle on 
November 20, 1806, CaroUne Bethia Layard, sister 
of Charles Edward Layard (see No. 47). The 
marriage was celebrated by the Rev. W. H. Heywood 
on special license from the Governor, Sir Thomas 
Maitland, who was himseK present. The register 
containing the entry of this marriage was lost at sea 
with the Rev. W. H. Heywood in 1809 (p. 1), and in 
consequence James Maitland made affidavit before 
the Rev. T. J. Twisleton, as J. P. and Sitting Magis- 
trate, in 1812, that he had been present at the 
marriage, and Twisleton certified that he had seen the 
original entry. This James Maitland was probably 
Sir Thomas Maitland's " Clerk." He had a clerk of 
that name, but there was another James Maitland in 
the Civil Service, who was, in 1806, Assistant to the 
Accountant-General. Lewis Gibson was the father of 
William Charles Gibson and Thomas Lewis Gibson of 
the Civil Service (see No. 147). 

Sacred to the Memory of Arnoldina Johanna db 
Ly , wife of Geoege Laughton , Esq. , Master Atten- 
dant of this port, who died 23rd Sept., 1809, in the 
27th year of her age, leaving a disconsolate 
husband, who with three children, together with 
her aged parents, has to deplore the loss of the 
most affectionate of Wives, the tenderest of 
Mothers, the most dutiful of Daughters, and, from a 
life of unaffected piety, virtue, and benevolence, 
was deeply regretted by all who knew her. 

The Wolvendaal register records the burial on 
September 24 of " De Housvrouw Van den Engelsche 
Compagnye Meester Lotten." Her sister, Dorothea 
Agatha, married (1) Captain J. W. Young, R.N., (2) 



( «7 ) 



Pettah Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


303 .. 


Sept. 23 . 
1809 


. Arnoldina Johanna Laughton 

amtd. 



304 



March 29 
1811 



Seraphina Sansony 



305 



306 



June 4: 
1811 



Sept. 23 
1811 



Abraham Gordon 



Barbara Theodora de Jong 



307 



Dec. 12 
1811 



James Scratchley 



Inscription. 
- Captain Edward Lockyer , 1 9th Regiment. They were 
daughters of Andreas Edwardus de Ly, Onderkoop- 
man of Galle. Mrs. Laughton had a son at Colombo, 
Aug. 28, 1804. G. Laughton married (2) at Colombo, 
eight months after the death of his first wife, Eliza- 
beth, widow of Major Hilliard, 89th Regiment, who 
had died at Colombo on April 29, 1811. "Captain 
George Laughton " was a merchant in Jaffna in 1802, 
trading in tobacco, and with the Hon. George 
Turnour, also a Jaffna merchant at the time, and 
two Dutchmen, Messrs. Verwyck and KJ?oon, signed 
a memorial to the Board of Revenue asking for certain 
concessions, which was unsuccessful. In May, 1800, 
he was acting as Master Attendant, Colombo ; in Octo- 
ber of the same year he was Customs Master there ; a 
year later he was acting in a similar capacity at Galle, 
and it was during this period, no doubt, that he 
contracted his first marriage. He was again acting 
as Master Attendant at Colombo in December, 1802. 
In 1803he was Acting Commissioner of Grain and Pro- 
visions. He retired as Master Attendant, Colombo, 
January 1, 1814, and was Kving up to 1839 or 1840. 
His name disappears from the " Ceylon Almanac " 
in 1841. 

Geheyligd ter gedagtenis van Seraphina Sansony. 
GeboorendenO Decembr., 1801. Overleeden 29th 
Maart, 1811, oud 9 jaaren 3 maanden en 20 
dagen. 
(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XVIIL, p. 53.) 

She was the daughter of Dr. Joseph Sansony and 
Johanna Dorothea Julia Wilhelmina Schorer, widow 
of Samuel Pieter Foenander of Calmar in Sweden, and 
daughter of Jan Willem Schorer of Middleburg, Chief 
of Trincomalee, by his second wife Juliana Cornelia 
Lebeck. 

Sacred to the memory of Abraham Gordon, late of 
His Majesty's Ordnance, who died June 4, 1811. 

His widow Susanna married, six months after his 
death, J. O. Thibeaudo, also of the Ordnance (see 
No. 314). The latter was one of the administrators of 
his estate. 

Sacred to the memory of Barbara Theodora Hinc- 
KBL, wife of C. A. DE Jong, who died on the 23rd 
September, 1811, aged 19 years. 

Barbara Theodora Hinckel was the first wife of 
Casparus Adrianus de Jong, the son of Barent de 
Jong, boekhouder, and Helena Petronella Witz. Bar- 
bara Theodora Hinckel was no doubt the daughter 
of George Philip Hinckel of Marsenheim and Anna 
Maria Handel of Colombo. 

Jambs, infant son of James and Maria Scratch- 
ley. He departed this life the 12th December, 
1811, aged 13 days. 

James Scratchley was Assistant Surgeon, R.A., 
Colombo, 1806, and subsequently Surgeon of the 
" Troop of Light Dragoons " at Colombo (1814-1818). 
He was a son of James Scratchley of Winterslow near 
Salisbury, an officer in the Army, and was at Harrow 
School at the same time as Lord Pakaerston, with 
whom he made a life-long friendship. He married at 
Colombo, July 18, 1810, Maria Roberts, a daughter of 
Lieutenant C. W. L. Roberts, 2nd Ceylon Regiment. 
She had a daughter born at Colombo on January 13, 
1813. He was, on leaving the Island on February 20, 
1818, presented with an address ' ' by the numerous and 
respectable body of Burghers of the Town of Colombo ,' ' 
in which he was eulogized "for his readiness to aid 
and succour the afilicted, and the kind attention and 
pleasing manner with which he had invariably treated 
his patients." He and his family left by the Mary, 
transport, on March 6. His youngest son, born August 
24, 1835, became Major-General Sir Peter Scratchley, 
Special Commissioner of New Guinea. He died on 
December 2, 1885. James Scratchley was bom in 
1783. He died at Paris, of cholera, on Jime 15, 1849. 



( 88 ) 



Pettah Burial Ground — contd. 



erial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


308 .. 


Feb. 21 


. . Christian Wilhelm Suther- 




1812 


land 



309 



Nov. 23 
1185 



Archibald McCreevy 



310 



June 5 
1816 

March 12 
1817 



Andrew O'Shea 



Henry O'Shea 



311 



Aug. 21 
1816 



George Gunn 



312 



Sept. 28 
1817 



Margaret Conway 



313 



Jan. 19 
1818 



Abraham White 



Inscription. 

Sacred to the memory of Christian Wilhelm, the 
son of Mr. Daniel Stttheeland, born 27th March, 
1794, died the 21st February, 1812. 

Daniel Sutherland was Master of the Sloop Oertruyda 
from 1808 (or earlier) to 1812. In the Gazette of 
April 22, 1812, he advertises for sale the Qertruyda, 
riding at Colombo. She was a brig, and trading 
between Tuticorin and Colombo. 

He himself was buried ia the Pettah cemetery, 
April 11, 1813. Judging from this son's names, lus 
wife was Dutch or German. 

Sacred to the memory of Lieutenant Archibald 
McCreevy, late of H. M.'s 73rd Regt., who died 
23rd Nov., 1815, aged 28 years. 

He died ' ' after a short but most severe iUness of 
the Yellow Fever." His " amiable and prepossessing 
manners had marked him to his Brother OfiScers as a 
most promising Military character. To his family and 
friends it will be a consolation that his life though 
short had been in the strongest manner uniformly 
Moral and Religious." {Gazette, November 16, 1816.) 

He joined May 9, 1810. 

Andrew, son of Lieut. O'Shea, H.M. 19th Regt. 
He was bom on 27th May, 1815, died 5th June, 
1816. 

Also to the memory of Henry, infant son of Lieut. 
O'Shea. He died on the 12th March, 1817, aged 
8 days. 

Lieutenant O'Shea joined the 1 9th as Ensign, June 1, 
1808 ; Lieutenant, June 15, 1810 ; married Eliza, 2nd 
daughter of Lieutenant C. W. L. Roberts, whose sister 
had married Assistant Surgeon Scratchley (see No. 307) 
at Colombo, August 10, 1813. He was Deputy Assist- 
ant Commissary at Hambantota in May, 1816. 

Captain O'Shea was killed in the first Burmese war. 
His eldest son, Andrew Charles Byng, was buried at 
Kandy on June 6, 1816, by the Rev. George Bisset. 
Another son, Rodney Payne, became a Captain in the 
army, and married a daughter of Sir Lucius Curtis, 
Bart. Their son is Professor of Chemistry at Sheffield 
University. Mrs. O'Shea died at Croydon in 1877. 

Sacred to the memory of the late George Gtjnn, 
watch-maker of Colombo, who departed this life 
on the 21st day, August, a.d. 1816, aged 57 years, 
leaving a wife and 7 children to lament his loss. 

A Mr. Wilham Gunn died at Colombo, September 
11,1827, aged 28 , probably a son. It may have been 
a daughter of the latter who married Mr. J. W. 
Brett at Colombo on October 11, 1843. J. W. Brett 
died on board the Jemina on September 9, 1853. 
Sacred to the memory of Margaret, late wife of 
Lieut, and Adjut. Conway, 3rd Ceylon Regt. 
Departed this Ufe 28th Sept., 1817, aged 37 years 
6 months. 

The register of St. Peter's makes her " BKza." 
Lieutenant Samuel (or James) Conway lost no time in 
marrying again. On December 6, 1817, he married 
Mary Gimn, widow, at Colombo — possiblv the widow 
of No. 311. ■^ 

She opened a school for boys and girls at house 
No. 8, Hospital street, on July 15, 1822. This school 
was attended by, among others. Sir Richard Morgan. 
She died June 6, 1829. Lieutenant Conway was 
Garrison Sergeant-Major of Bombay, when on May 1, 
1814, he was appointed Adjutant of the 3rd Ceylon, 
with rank of 2nd Lieutenant. 

Sacred to the memory of Abraham White, Esq., 
late Surgeon of His Majesty's 1st Ceylon Regi- 
ment, aged 36 years. 

" The sickness which led to his death was occasioned 
by bemg exposed during the greater part of the day 
m gomg to a ship in sight of this Fort, where Medical 
aid was required, and returning thence in very severe 
weather on the night of the 9th instant. The 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


313 . 


Jan. 19 

1818 


. . Abraham White- 



K 89 ) 

Pettah Burial Ground — contd. 

Inscription. 
-contd. . . untimely fate of this valuable member of Society, 
always forward in the performance of acts of humanity, 
will long be regretted by his Friends and the Poor 
of this place, to whose summons he always attended, 
and whose distresses he readily relieved. What then 
must be the poignant feeling of his afflicted Widow, 
left in distressed circumstances with 7 children, still 
too young to know or appreciate the extent of their 
loss, or the cause of their STHviving parent's sufferings." 
{Gazette, January 24, 1818.) 

He came out to Ceylon as Assistant Surgeon in the 
66th Regiment, and was appointed Medical Store- 
keeper, Trincomalee, December 30, 1807, and to 
the charge of Jaffna, April 1, 1811. He married at 
Jaffna, June 13, 1807, Theodora Elizabeth, daughter 
of Captain F. W. von Drieberg. 

A son of his, J. C. White, was one of the earliest 
planters in Ceylon, and had charge of the first coffee 
estate, Sinhepitiya, Gampola. He was living at 
Auckland, New Zealand, in 1899. He was born at 
Jaffna, and was taken to England, along with an elder 
brother, by his father in 1815, at the age of six. He 
attributes the death of his father to "yellow fever 
caught in attending upon a vessel which put into 
Colombo for medical advice," but he is evidently 
incorrect as to the cause of death, as yellow fever 
is not known in Ceylon. C. E. Layard, C.C.S., who 
" lived at Bagatelle, a little beyond the Cinnamon 
Garden," and had " a fine country residence at 
Caltm-a," was his guardian. He and his brother had 
been promised commissions by the Duke of York for 
his father's services. The elder brother received a 
commission in the 38th Regiment, was transferred 
to the 44th, and was Adjutant of the regiment when 
it was stationed at Cabul, and fell in the Khyber Pass 
during the fatal retreat of the British in 1841-2, 
when only one man saved his Ufe, Dr. Bryden. J. C. 
White retixrned to Ceylon in 1825, and was at Ham- 
bantota next year staying with his uncle Captain C. 
Drieberg, when this officer and his wife both died of 
fever the same day, October 8, 1826. He gave up his 
planting appointment in 1839 and went to Australia, 
entered the service of the Australian Agricultural 
Company, and in 1899 had been resident in Australia 
for sixty years. A yoionger brother, George, was 
bom at Jaffna, August 30, 1812, but what became of 
him I do not know. Mr. J. C. White says : " Sir 
Edward Barnes and Lady Barnes took an interest in 
my sisters, who were often invited to the country 
residence at Mount Lavinia. ' ' ( Ceylon Literary Regis- 
ter, vol. v., pp. 194—6.) The yomigest sister, Susan, 
married Edward Maltby, August 18, 1834. He was 
Sub-Collector of Customs, Mannar, 1843-4, and had 
his quarters in the Mannar Fort, and included in them 
the building now known as Christ Church, which is 
described, in the Colombo Observer of 1844, as "a 
consecrated building since the time of the Dutch." 
Complaint is made by a correspondent that "the 
pulpit is now used in securing provisions, and the 
permanent communion table is now used as a place 
for keeping sundries belonging to the family." 
(Colombo Observer, April 11, 1844.) Sir William 
Twynam recollects this state of affairs with regard 
to the church. E. Maltby was afterwards in the 
Telegraph Department. 

314 . . Feb. 22 . . Christie Isabella Ross . . Here lie the remains of the once interesting but 
1818 unfortunate Ckeistie Isabella Ross, who died 

22nd February, 1818, aged 17 years and 10 
months. 

Mourn not my Brothers and Sisters dear, 
The time will come when you'll lie here. 

Prepare my friends for die you must, 
And hke your sister sleep in dust. 

In what way she was " unfortunate " appears from 
the baptismal register of St. Pete 's Church, Fort, 
Colombo, which records the baptism on February 28, 
1818, of Joseph Ross, son of Joseph Oliver Thibeaude 
(Civil Ordnance) by Christie Isabella Ross, deceased, 
bom February, 1818. 



( 90 ) 



Pettah Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 
314 . , 



Date. 

Feb. 22 

1818 



Name. 

Christie Isabella Ross — contd. 



Inscription. 



315 



316 



March 2 
1818 

March 7 
1818 



Oct. 13 
1827 



A. J. Bolhard 



Petronella Elizabeth Marselis 



Christina Elizabeth Mar- 
selis 



317 



May 15 
1818 



Mary Traachell 



318 



April 22 
1820 



Thomas George Cleather 



319 



July 26 
1820 



William Henry Cleather 



I have been unable to trace the parentage of the 
unfortunate girl herself. The Wolvendaal register 
merely has the entry " Het lyk van de yonge juffrow 
Ros." 

J. O. Thibeaudo or Tibeaudo was Storekeeper in the 
Civil Ordnance Department at Colombo. He married, 
December 18, 1811, "Susanna Gordon, widow," 
whom I take to have been the widow of Abraham 
Gordon of the Ordnance (No. 305), and a daughter, 
Julia, was baptized at St. Peter's, April 19, 1814. He 
and his family left Ceylon by the hired transport 
Regalia in April, 1818. He died at Banagher, King's 
County, Ireland, in 1844. 

Richard William Thibeaudo was Storekeeper of the 
Ordnance Department in 1830. 

Hier onder legt begn. de burger A. J. Bolhakd oud 
45 jaaren 3 maanden. Overl. den 2 Maart, 1818. 
(Journal, R.AS., C.B., vol. XVII., p. 37.) 

Hier onder legt begraven Petronella Elizabeth 
Maeselis. Geb. den 24ste. Dec, 1816. Overl. 
den 7de Maart, 1818. 

en 

Cheistina Elizabeth Ketel huisvrouw van Johan- 
nes Marselis. Gteb. den 15de Novr., 1783. 
Overl. den 13de Octr., 1827. 

(Ihid., vol. XVIII., p. 52.) 

She was most likely a daughter of Michael Fredrik 
Ketel of Colombo. She was second wife of Johannes 
Marselis, Third Surgeon, whom she married on May 
4, 1810. His first wife was Gertuida Jansz, whom 
he married on April 30, 1797. 

Sacred to the memory of Mrs. Mary Tkanchell. 
Died 15th May, 1818, aged 21 years 10 months. 

(Ihid., vol. XV., p. 255; vol. XVII., p. 25.) 

" On Friday, the 15th instant, at Colombo, where she 
had been for a few days for the benefl.t of medical 
advice, the lady of John Tranchell, Esq., Sitting 
Magistrate of Negombo. Mrs. Tranchell was greatly 
and deservedly respected while living by her numer- 
ous friends, who now sincerely lament the mournful 
stroke of affliction which so early in life has removed 
her from an affectionate husband and three small 
children, the youngest only five weeks old." {Gazette.) 

She was a daughter of Captain Selway, 89th Regi- 
ment, and married John (alias Pieter Cornells Johan- 
nes) Tranchell in 1814. Her sister, Elizabeth, 
married his brother. Lieutenant Gustavus Adolphus 
Tranchell, 3rd Ceylon, in October, 1813. Her 
daughter, Mary Harriet, bom in 1817, married (1) in 
1834 Sergeant, afterwards Lieutenant, J. A. Shaw, 
61st Regiment, at Trincomalee in 1834; and (2) Mr. 
Justice Hayes. John and Gustavus Adolphus were 
sons of Johannes Tranchell of Romelanda in Sweden, 
who died in 1805, and his wife Maria Magdalena 
Sievertsz, who died at Trincomalee also in 1818 (see 
under " Trincomalee "). 

Sacred to the memory of Thos. G. Cleathee, son 
of Capt. W. H. Cleathee by Amelia, his wife, who 
died on the 22nd of April, 1820, in the 7th year of 
his age. 

With pious confidence beyond his years. 
His dying thoughts betray no childish fears. 

He said, repeating a fond parent's prayer, 
God, receive my soul into Thy care. 

In memory of William Henry Cleathee, a Captain 
in His Majesty's 1st Ceylon Eegt., who departed 
this life on the 26th day of Julj , 1820, aged 37 
years. 

Gentle and firm, affectionate and brave, 
A soldier, a Christian fills this grave. 

Of steadfast honour, and of maimers kind. 
Unshaken truth and independent mind.. 



( 91 ) 



Pettah Burial Ground — coritd. 



Serial No. 

319 .. 



Date. 

July 26 
1820 



Name. 

William Henry Cleather — contd. 



Inscription. 

Him a loved partner and dear children mourn ; 

By fell disease from their embraces torn, 
As husband, father, friend, he felt the rod. 

But for himself bow'd meekly to his God. 

Captain Cleather was in the 2nd Ceylon Regiment, 
and from May 1, 1807, was Fort Adjutant at Galle, 
where, on December 17 the same year, he married 
Amelia Loodan. Sm-geon Michael Reynolds of the 
Malay Regiment, formerly of the 51st, was one of 
the witnesses. He was Fort Adjutant of Jaffna from 
July 1, 1808, till January 22, 1810, when he took up the 
similar appointmient at Colombo, which he held until 
March 31, 1811. He joined the 4th Ceylon, Novem- 
ber 11, 1810. He was transferred to the 3rd Ceylon, 
February 22, 1816, on the disbandment of the 4th 
Ceylon, and to the 1st Ceylon, February 25, 1817, on 
the disbandment of the 3rd Ceylon. He took part in 
the operations in Uva in November in 1 8 1 8 , and was in 
charge of the post at Ahapola diiring Colonel Kelly's 
absence at Badulla in January, 1818, marched to 
Usanwella, May 10, arrived at Colombo, July 2. 
" His residence in the jungles of Wellassy and labo- 
rious march appear to have agreed with him, for we 
never saw him apparently in better health." In 
August he was employed in destroying villages on the 
right bank of the Maha-oya. He was at Hanguran- 
keta with Colonel Hardy on September 2. He sallied 
out next day with twenty men, and within half a mile 
of the fort attacked a body of the enemy, which soon 
fled. He was " in the neighbourhood of Hanguran- 
keta composing everything in the Province of Hewa- 
hetty," then marched to Panella, and was there on 
October 19, found everything satisfactory, moved on 
on October 20 towards Wiyaluwa, intending to cross 
the Kin?imdu-oya and the Uma-oya, and to join 
Major Macdonald at Happatagama on 21st. He was 
at Kandy in November, and acted as Judge Advocate- 
General at the court-martial on Kepitipola and 
Pilame Talawwa and other Kandyan prisoners. He 
was, no doubt, a son of "Thomas Cleather, Esq.," 
whose death at Plymouth on February 25, 1819, 
aged sixty-four, is announced by an obituary notice 
in the Gazette, in which he is described as " a truly 
virtuous, upright, and honourable man, universally 
beloved and respected. As a mark of the veneration 
and esteem in which he was held, both in his native 
town and neighbourhood, his remains were followed 
to the grave by no less than fifty gentlemen." It is 
also annoimced that his widow, Mrs. A. Cleather, 
died at the same place on March 18, aged forty- 
three. The Misses E. and M. Cleather had left 
for England by the ViUoria on January 1 of that 
year. 



320 



Feb. 15 

1822 



William Bell 



Sacred to the memory of William Bell, son of Lieut. 
Jas. Bell, who died on the 15th February, 1822, 
aged 6 years 7 months. 

James Bell was gazetted 2nd Lieutenant in 
Baillie's Regiment {3rd Ceylon), March 28, 1806; 
transferred to 2nd Ceylon Regiment as 1st Lieutenant, 
April 25, 1815 ; was Commandant of Nalanda in 1816, 
and of Hettimulla, 1817; Assistant Engineer, Pioneer 
Corps, February 1, 1820. 



321 



Aug. 27 
1824 



John Litson 



Sacred to the memory of Johk Litson, commander of 
the Ship Thames, who departed this life on the 
27th day of August, 1824. 

There appears to have been a family of this name in 
Ceylon about this time. Mary Ann, aged 3| years, 
daughter of Thomas Litson, Esq. , and Sarah, his wife, 
wereburiedat Jaffna, January 5, 1828. The Thames 
left Cowes on February 22, and arrived at Colombo 
June 30, 1824, bringing Government stores and 
recruits for the European regiments. Captain 
Litson died at the house of Messrs. Boyd and 
Holland. 



( 92 ) 



Pettah Burial Ground — cx)ntd. 



Serial No. 
322 .. 



Date. 

April 9 

1826 



Name. 

Mary Morris 



323 



324 



Nov. 2 
1826 

June 12 
1827 



Junias Bumsted 



Susanna Margareta Camp. 



325 



April 22 
1829 



Georgiana Harriet Fermier 



326 



Nov. 10 
1830 



William Gibson 



327 



Feb. 4 
1831 



Jacob Anthon Muller 



Inscription. 

Sacred to the memory of Maey, eldest daughter of 
Major MoEEis,' 97th Regt., who departed this life 
April 9th, 1826, aged nineteen years and a half. 

Six service companies of the 97th were stationed at 
Colombo in 1826. Major William Morris was senior 
Captain, Major Haddock coming next. He entered 
the army June 4, 1814 ; Captain, March 25, 1824. 

Sacred to the memory of Junias Btjmsted, late 
commander of the schooner Mary, who died 2nd 
November, 1826, aged 25 years. 

Hier rust mejuffrouw Susa. Maega. Camp geb von 
Hagt tedergehefd en deugd zaame echtgenoote 
van den Heer Joannes Camp. G«booren den 13 
May, 1772 : overleeden den 12 Juny, 1827. 
(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XVII., p. 34.) 

They were married at Colombo on October 4, 
1795. She was the daughter of Arent von Hagt and 
Susanna Maria Cheval, and granddaughter of 
Augustus von Hagt of Hamburg and Margarita 
Verlangen of Colombo. She had been married first 
to Pieter Johan MuUer. 

G-EOEGiANA Habbiet, Daughter of the late Dr. 
Fbemiee. Bom 29th April, 1814, died 22nd 
April, 1829, aged 15 years. 

Dr. Fermier was at Trincomalee in 1823 as Medical 
Sub-Assistant, and is mentioned in Surgeon W. H, 
Young's diary as having been one of the medical men 
who attended Quartermaster Hall in his last illness. 
When and where Dr. Fermier died does not appear. 
Possibly he was the " Dr. F., a friend of mine" — of 
Lieutenant-Colonel Campbell. (Ceylon Literary Re- 
gister, vol. II., p. 327.) 

Sacred to the memory of William Gibson, formerly 
Master Attendant at Trincomalee, died lOth 
November, 1830, aiged 37 years. 

" At the house of Mr. Read, near Colombo, on the 
10th instant, after a long and very painful illness, 
William Gibson, Esqr. , Assistant Customs Master of 
Jaffnapatam and formerly Master Attendant of 
Trincomalee, aged 37 years. His amiable disposition 
and agreeable manners endeared him to all who had 
the pleasiore of his acquaintance." (Gazette, Novem- 
ber 27, 1830.) 

He was Assistant Customs Master at Jaffna, 1828- 
1830. He was not apparently related to WiUiam 
Carmichael Gibson. Mr. Joseph Read was a partner 
in the firm of W. C. Gibson & Co. , which Bennett refers 
to in 1843 as " the oldest commercial firm in the 
Island." He says of Read, the surviving partner : — 

" Joseph Read, Esq., who resides at Colombo, than 
whom few, if any, are better acquainted with the 
internal and external commerce of the Colony, is an 
admirable specimen of the old British merchant, 
combining with every quality that can fix confidence, 
and ensure esteem, the most genuine Caledonian 
hospitality, for which, distingmshed as his countrymen 
are everywhere (and where they are not it is next to 
an impossibility to discover), Mr. Readmay perhaps be 
equalled, but cannot be excelled." (Bennett, p. 159.) 

" This Prince of Ceylon Merchants had a large and 
commodious house uison the hill overlooking the bay " 
(p. 33). This is no doubt the hiU above the resthouse 
at Weligama. He was, with George Hay Boyd and 
J. HiQebrand, one of the first unofficial members of 
the Legislative Council, appointed in 1834. 
Hier onder rust 't leyk van Jacob Anthon Mullee 
iu zyn leven chirurgyn te Tutucoryn. Geboren 
28 May, 1743, overleeden 4 Feb., 1831, oud 87 
jaaren 8 maanden en 8 daagen. 
Below rests the body of Jacob Anton MtrLLEE,in his 
life-time Surgeon of Tutucorin.born 28 May, 1743, 
died 4Feb. , 1831 , aged 87 years 8 months and 8days. 

There was a Jacob Anton Muller (son of John 
WUlem Muller and Sara Cornelia Maas) baptized at 
Tuticorin, July 20, 1755. 



( 93 ) 



Pettah Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


328 .. 


June 5 




1836 




Dec. 22 




1834 



Name. 

Dieterick Cornells Fretz . 
Andreas Wilhelmus Fretz 



329 



March 4 
1837 

Oct. 20 
1852 

April 17 
1859 

June 6 
1860 

Feb. 14 
1871 



Samuel Stuart Curgenven 
Fredrlch Ludulg Straube . 
Theodore Lavaliere 



Inscription. 
Sacred to the memory of Dieteeick Coenelis 
Febtz, bom 6th May, 1787, died 5th June, 1836, 
and Ms son Andreas Wilhelmus Febtz, bom 23rd 
January, 1816, died 22nd December, 1834. 

Dieterick Cornells Fretz (born at Matara, May 6, 
1787, baptized at Colombo, August 5, 1787) was the 
son of the last Commandeur of Galle , Dieterick Thomas 
Fretz of St. Goar (Hesse Nassauw) and Cornelia 
Reyniera van Sanden of Jaffna. His son Andreas 
Wilhelmus, born at Colombo, January 23, 1816, and 
baptized there March 17, 1816, was the child of his 
third marriage (June 22, 1814) with Johanna Ger- 
truida Wilhelmina Mottau. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., pp. 240, 269.) 

This tablet was erected to the memory of Samuel 
Stuaet Curgenven, died March 4, 1837. 

Frbdeich Luduig Straube, died October 20th, 
1852. 

Theodore Lavalieee, died April 17th, 1859. 



Charlotte Eugenie Curgenven Charlotte Eugenie Curgenven, died June 6th, 

1860. 

Charles Richard Curgenven Charles Richard Curgenven, died Febmary 14th, 

1871. 

S. S. Curgenven was Storekeeper of H.M.'s Naval 
Yard, or, as he was at first called. Naval Officer at 
Trincomalee, from 1822. He married, March 23, 1822, 
atTrincomalee, Charlotte Eugenie, daughter of Jean 
Martin Lavalliere. He died at Colombo, aged 46. 
His daughter, Clara, married at St. Peter's, Colombo, 
on July 28, 1842, in her sixteenth year (born at Galle, 
June 12, 1827), Edward Himae Smedley, C.C.S., who 
was a first cousin of the novelist , Frank Smedley. His 
eldest daughter, Winifred, married F. L. Straube, who 
was a merchant at Colombo, 1846-1852, and was for 
some time a planter on Delta estate, Pussellawa. 
Another daughter, Eugenie Elizabeth, married, Octo- 
ber 23, 1845, Thomas Chandler Power, C.C.S., and a 
third, Eveline Theodora, married Lieutenant WiUiam 
Harper Mytton, R.A. , on January 20, 1853, atKandy. 
Lieutenant Mytton was a brother of Jack Mytton 
of Halston, the sportsman, who set fire to himself to 
ciu-e the hiccough. (See " Life of Jack Mytton" and 
" Highways and BjTvays in North Wales," by A. G. 
Bradley, p. 432.) -Charles Richard Curgenven was a 
son of Samuel Steuart, and was in the Civil Service, 
1861-1871 : Police Magistrate, Avisawella, January 
1, 1861-5; Police Magistrate Jaffna, 1868; and was 
Assistant Government Agent at Mullaittivu, 1867-8. 
At the time of his death he was Assistant Government 
Agent, Colombo. He married Catherine Lydia, 
daughter of Captain James Stewart, C.R.R., at 
Colombo, May 20, 1861. Another son, Samuel 
I Lavalliere, was gazetted Ensign in the 37th Regi- 

ment, July 9, 1853, retired as Captain, and died 
about 20 years ago. A story of the Curgenven family 
and their connection with the Madras Presidency, 
which began in 1699, is told by Mrs. F. Penny in her 
book " On the Coromandel Coast," pp. 93-6. The 
first member of the family who came to India, Thomas 
Curgenven, a free merchant of Madras, was taken 
prisoner by the pirate Angria, " Admiral to the Sou 
Raja,* then at war with the Enghsh at Bombay," 
on a voyage from Surat to Bombay, and served as a 
galley slave at the oar for five years, but eventually 
escaped to England, where he died, in 1729, at 
Walthamstow. " He was the son of William Curgen- 
ven, a gentleman of good family in Cornwall." His 
uncle, the Rev. Thomas Curgenven, Rector of 
Folke, Dorsetshire, married a sister of Thomas Pitt, 
the Governor of Fort St. George (1698-1709) and great 
aunt of Lord Chatham. Theodore LavaUiere was 
a son of Jean Marie LavaUiere, who was Sitting 
Magistrate and Customs Master, Negombo, 1815, 



* Or, to use the delightful old " Qui Hye's" spelling, the " Sow Roger.' 



82-09 



( 94 ) 



Pettah Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 
329 .. 



Date. 
March 4 
1837, &c. 



Name. 

Samuel Stuart Curgenven, 
&e. — contd. 



330 



July 11 
1837 



Anne Whitfield 



331 



May 3 

1838 



Elizabeth Rudd 



332 



Feb. 18 
1841 



Frederika Antoinetta Roos- 
maleeocq 



Inscription, 
succeeding T. R. Backhouse, C.C.S., and afterwards 
Assistant Customs Master, Galle; Customs Master 
and Sitting Magistrate, Hambantota, 1826. He died 
May 10, 1831. Theodore was in the Civil Service 
from 1831, when he became Sitting Magistrate of 
GaUe (January 3) , and ditto of Pantura (September 1 ), 
From 1833 to 1836 he was Assistant Collector of 
Customs, Jaffna, and from 1836 (May I) to 1840 
District Judge of The Islands ; from 1841 to 1846 
District Judge of Colombo, No. 4 (Caltura) ; from 1846 
to 1848 Acting District Judge of Colombo ; and from 
1852 to his death District Judge of Kandy. While 
District Judge of Kalutara a duel was arranged 
between him and Lieutenant Remmett, C.R.R., to 
be fouglit on July 30, 1842, but the Superintendent 
of Police arrived on the spot just as the principals 
were placed. Lavalliere's second was T. L. Gibson, 
who was then acting as District Judge of Colombo, 
and Remmett's was Lieutenant Gwilt, C.R.R. 

Sacred to the memory of Anne, daughter of C. T. 
Whitfield, Esq., Surgeon, Royal Artillery, who 
departed this life the 11th day of July, 1837, 
aged 14 years. 

C. T. Whitfield was Assistant Surgeon, R.A., 1818. 
He came out by the Svrat-Casfle wliich left England 
December 10, 1817, and arrived at Trincomalee, 
May 18, 1818. He was then 'an Assistant Surgeon. 
He was, in addition, Superintendent of the Vaccine 
EstabUshment at Colombo, 1827. I am inclined to 
think that " 1837 " should be 1827, for I cannot 
find that Surgeon Whitfield was in Ceylon in 1838. 

In memory of Mrs. E. Rudd, who died May 3, 
1838, aged 35 years. 

Henry Rudd married at Colombo, December 20, 
1817, Elizabeth Briggs, by whom he had a son, Henry, 
who married Emma Piachaud, and had by her three 
sons, H. P. and Louis, planters, and Walter, late 
Colonial Surgeon of Jaffna, and several daughters, two 
of whom married well-known planters (C. Spearman 
Armstrong and T. C. Owen). H. Rudd senior's young- 
est daughter, Angelina, married, 27th December, 
1849, John Stephens of Kurunduwatta, also a well- 
known planter in his day, and his daughter, Lucinda, 
married James Strachan, founder of the Colombo 
firm of Carey, Strachan & Co. The Strachans' 
daughter, Alice, married Lawrence St. George Carey, 
one of the principal coffee estate proprietors of the 
seventies. H. Rudd's nephew, William Rudd, was 
assistant to George Bird, the first coffee planter, on 
Sinhepitiya estate, Gampola, the first coffee estate, 
and afterwards himself an estate proprietor. 

pREDEEiKA Antoinetta Roosmalecocq, wife of 
Robert Roosmalecocq. Born 17th September, 
1801. Died 18th February, 1841. 
Erected by her sorroAAdng husband. 

Sh^ was a daughter of Andreas WUhehnus Mottau 
of Wezel by Ehzabeth PetroneUa Kofferman, and 
married Robert Carl Roosmalecocq on September 17, 
1821. Their son was Andrew Henry Roosmalecocq, 
C.C.S., 1845-1883, who died in 1896. He had a son, 
Gerard Charles Roosmalecocq, C.C.S., 1872-1896. 
Robert Carl was second son of Petrus Jacobus by 
his marriage, in 1783, with Susarma Henrietta Leem- 
bruggen, was baptized at Galle on September 29, 
1799, and died at Galle on April 19, 1852. 

Andreas Wilhelmus Mottau was born in 1771 and 
died at Batavia in October, 181.0. His wife's 
parents were Hermanis Frederic Kofferman of 
Baatbergen and Johanna Rodrigo. R. C. Roosmale- 
cocq's daughter, Hannah Susan, married J. W. Little, 
CCS. (No. 216). The first Roosmalecocq of whom 
anything is known in Ceylon was Captain Ambrosius 
Roosmalecocq of Dokhum, who was the father of 
Pieter Jacobus and grandfather of Pieter Carolus, 
Robert Carl, and Jacobus Ambrositis, all of whom 
left descendants in Ceylon. Pieter Jacobus' wife was 
a daughter of Henrious Leembruggen of Leyden, Chief 
of the Cinnamon Department. (See Cotton, p. 334.) 



( 95 



Pettah Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 
333 ., 



Date. 

March 6 
1843 



Name. 

Charlotta Frederica Barber 



334 



1844 



Anna Susanna Gogerly 
Caroline Torriano 
Charlotte Caroline Torriano 



335 



June 5 
1847 

Dec. 24 

1828 



William Henry Kelaart 

Anna Jolianna Frederika 
Kelaart 



336 



April 28 
1851 

Dec. 31 

1852 



Cliarles MoSat Young 
Frederick Young 



Inscription. 
Here lies all that was mortal of Charlotta Fbedbb- 
ICA, a truly pious and consistent Christian, wife of 
Charles Arnold Barber, the only child of John 
Appleton. Born 5th October, 1821, died 6th 
March, 1843, aged 22 years 5 months and 1 day. 

Fare thee well ! thou lovely stranger. 

Guardian angels take your charge, 
Freed at once from pain and danger, 

Happy spirit, set at large. 
In the silent tomb we leave thee 

Till the resurrection mom. 
When our Saviour will receive thee 

And restore thy lovely form. 

This monument was erected by the afflicted parents. 

The monument, in the recently revived Gothic 
style of the period, done in cement, is very conspicuous 
at the corner of the ground near Main Street. It is 
gradually crumbling away. 

Sacred to the memory of Anna Susanna Gogeely. 
Bom Van Lynden, wife of Rev. D. G. Gogerly ; 
also of Caroline Torrlano and Charlotte 
Cabolinb Torrl4.no, who all died in the faith of 
the Gospel with a joyful hope of eternal life 
through Jesus Christ. 1844. 

Mrs. Gogerly was the eldest daughter of' Baron 
Stephen van Lynden and widow of J. G. du Bois 
de Lassossay (see No. 110). 

His first wife died, September 20, 1821, at Madras, 
where she had gone for the voyage. She had only 
been a short time in Ceylon. " Mr. and Mrs. D. J. 
Gogerly " are described as being during this period in 
charge of the Printing Department of the Wesleyan 
Mission. "Mrs. Torriano and Miss Gogerly" were 
passengers by the ship Tigris for London, August 18, 
1839. Robert Wells, C.C.S., retiring, was also a 
passenger. 

Sacred to the Memory of Willlam Henry Kelaart, 
late Ceylon Civil Service, who departed this life on 
the 5th June, 1847, aged 58 Years. And of his 
beloved wife Anna Johanna Fredbbika, Eldest 
daughter of Johannes Jacobtjs Meyer of Berlin, 
who departed this hfe on the 24th December, 1828, 
aged 33. 

He was in the Medical Department, not in the Civil 
Service, and was an " Assistant Apothecary to the 
Forces" at Colombo in 1839 (Bennett, p. 114) and 
" Apothecary" in 1846. He was a son of Johannes 
Jeronymus Kelaart of Colombo, by his wife Johanna 
Eugenia Koenders of Colombo, and was baptized there 
February 15, 1789. His son. Staff Surgeon Edward 
Frederick Kelaart, M.D., wrote much on natural 
history and geology in the Journal of the Royal 
Asiatic Society, Ceylon Branch, the " Ceylon 
Calendars," &c., 1850-9, also Prodromas Faunae 
Zeylanicce, Colombo, 1852. He died at sea on board 
the ss. Bipon, August 31, 1860. His family have 
settled in England. 

Sacred to the memory of Charles Moffat, son of 
Surgeon W. H. Young, Ceylon Rifle Regt., and 
Mary Anne, his wife, who died 28th Apnl, 1851. 
Aged 2 years and nine months. Also of Frederick 
their son, who died Dec. 31st, 1852, aged 2 months. 

William Henry Young was a son of John Young, 
Senior Surgeon to the Hull General Infirmary for half 
a century, who died March 24, 1832. He was Staff 
Assistant Surgeon, and succeeded Dr. Tod as Acting 
Surgeon of the 83rd Regiment at Trincomalee in 
1823, and was one of the medical men who attended 
Quartermaster Hall in his last illness at Trincomalee 
in September, 1823. He was gazetted Surgeon to the 
Ceylon Rifles, September 4, 1828. He married a 
Miss Dent. His son, Mr. John Dent Young, formerly 



( 96 ) 



Pettah Burial Gvound—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


336 ,. 


April 28 . 

1851, &c. 


. . Charles MoQat Young, &c, 

contd. 


337 .. 


May 24 
1858 


. . Francis Dicli 



338 

339 



Oct. 19 
1863 

May 27 
1865 



John Ellis 



Herbert Springett 



Inscription. * 
of the Public Works Department, says : " The last 
descendant of her family was my cousin, Capt. M. 
Dent, 21st Madras Native Infantry, who died at 
Aden on his way home on sick leave." (Ceylon 
Literary Register, vol. II., p. 327.) 

Beneath are deposited the remains of Feanois 
Dick, died 24th May, 1853. 

Aet. XXIV. 

Tliis memorial is raised by a few of his friends. 

"The brothers Dick, sons of a wealthy Highland 

land owner ". The younger brother was glad 

to take a subordinate situation in Baker's Nuwara 
Bliya establishment, and the last time I saw him he 
was in cliarge of that gentleman's hounds." [Ceylon 
Literary Register, vol. II., p. 282.) 

A Francis W. Dick was fined £5 and sentenced to 
seven days' imprisonment, October 22, 1846, for an 
assault on Lieutenant John Anthony Layard, C.R.R. 
He was in Colombo, 1844-1850, possibly longer. He 
may have been the brother of Frederick Lacy Dick 
alluded to by William Boyd. (See imder " Holy 
Trinity Church, Colombo.") 

John Ellis of Barrington, N.S., who died 19th 
October, 1863, aged 16 years. 

Hebbbet, third son of the late Willm. S. Pitt 
Speingett, Esq. , of Worthing^ Sussex. Born April 
13th, 1849, Biddenden, Kent. Died May 27th, 
1865, Colombo. 



St. Paul's Burial Ground, Colombo. 

St. Paul's Burial Ground is just opposite Wolvendaal Church on the other side of the road which skirts 
the back of the church. It was consecrated on May 29, 1821 , by Bishop Middleton. Though next to Wolvendaal, 
it was the churchyard of St. Paul's Church, which was opened on September 1, 1816, consecrated on September 25, 
1821, re-opened on July 5, 1846, having been rebuilt after a fire, and was much in favour as a church in the forties 
a ad fifties. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


340 .. 


Nov. 4 


Wilhelmina Catherina Dam- 




1822 


man 



June 6 
1827 



Wilhelmina Caroline Armour 



Inscription. 

To the memory of Wllhelmina Catheeina, widow 
of August Feedeic Dammaist, Junior Merchant, 
Dutch East India Company, wto died 4th No- 
vember, 1822, aged 65 years. 

She was a Meyer, and she and her husband appear 
to have settled at Tuticorin, where he was Mint 
Master. Their daughter married Bev. A. Armour. 
This tablet and those to Armour and his wife were 
all built into the walls of a masonry tomb, which is 
falling to pieces. This one had fallen out, and was 
buried face downwards in front of the tomb ; that to 
Armour was found near by, hidden by rank grass. 
Here lieth Wilhelmina Caeoline, her daughter, 
wife of Rev. A. Aemoue, who died 6th June, 1827, 
aged 49 years. 

She was a daughter of August Frederic Damman, 
and was baptized at Tuticorin, March 10, 1776. She 
was the third wife of the Rev. A. Armoiu-. 

" Mrs. Armour's funeral was attended by the 
Governor and many gentlemen, civil, military, and 
clerical. Mrs. Armour was a pattern of sincerity, 
openness, and candour, and detested duplicity and 
dissimulation in every form. To the indigent she was 
benevolent and liberal, and to all she delighted to be 
kind and good. Though death in her was infinite gain, 
yet her removal will long be lamented by many who 
knew her, and especially by her family connections, 
for whom her affection and love were unbounded, for 



( 97 ) 



St. Paul's Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


340 .. 


Nov. 4 




1822, &c. 



Name. 

Wilhelmina Catherina Dam- 
man, &c. — contd. 



Nov. 30 

1828 



Andrew Armour 



Inscription. 

' When such friends part, 'tis the survivor dies.' " 
{Gazette, Jime 9, 1827.) 

" Mrs. Armour was one of those good Dutch house- 
wives, famous for the making of pleasant sweetmeats 
and savoiiry curries." (" Jubilee Memorials of the 
Wesleyan Mission, 1814r-1864," by R. Spence Hardy, 
p. 69.) 

In memory of the Rev. A. Ahmotjb, Colonial Chaplain 
of St. Paul's Church, who died 30th Ncvember, 
1828. Aged 59 years. 

Andrew Armour, a Scotchman, born near Glasgow, 
enlisted at seventeen years of age, served in the 
suppression of the rebellion in Ireland of 1 798. There 
is a story which was told some years ago by the late 
Mr. Charles Liesching, C.C.S., in the ooluimis of the 
Ceylon Observer, of his having been condemned by a 
court-martial to be shot, on the ground that he had 
been secretly attending meetings of the rebels, when 
he had really only been going daily to say his prayers 
in a retired spot, and of his having been saved from 
death by the General in command, who was convinced 
of his honesty and set aside the finding and sentence 
of the court-martial. He went to Gibraltar with the 
51st Regiment, and Ijecame a Sergeant. He came out 
with the regiment to Madras in 1 7 9 8 , where he ac quired 
a knowledge of Tamil and other languages. In 1800 
he came to Colombo with the 51st Regiment, and 
was appointed Interpreter of the Supreme Court at 
Colombo. Soon afterwards he obtained his discharge. 
He also took charge of the Seminary at St. Sebastian's. 
He was a widower, when on January 17, 1802, he 
married Petronella Sauwer, or Sauer, probably a 
daughter of John GodUeb Sauer and Sarah Elizabeth 
Honter , who was baptized at Tuticorin, April 11,1781, 
as Anna Petronella Sauer. On November 5, 1809, he 
with his family arrived at Colombo from Tuticorin by 
the sloop Oertruyda (see No. 308), and was appointed 
" a Proponent to the Caffres in the Portuguese 
language, and English Proponent to the Cinglese " — 
a curious jumble of races and tongues. He wished 
also to be appointed, says Archdeacon Twisleton, 
" Proponent to the Portuguese, a neglected body of 
persons in the Pettah." By 1815 he had been 
appointed " First English Teacher on the School 
Establishment " and was headmaster of the Colombo 
Seminary, which stood on the site of AE Saints' 
Church, Hulftsdorp. On October 22, 1816, he 
preached before Bishop Middleton, who had arrived 
the previous day by the cruiser Aurora, accompanied 
by Mrs. Middleton and the Ven. Mr. Barnes, Arch- 
deacon of Bombay, and was stopping at King's House. 
" His Lordship was particularly condescending in his 
obliging notice of the Rev. Mr. Armour," says the 
Gazette. In 1821, on Bishop Middleton's second visit 
to the Island, he was ordained deacon, and in 1825 
priest by Bishop Heber on his visit. He became 
Chaplain of St. Paul's Church, which had been opened 
on September 1, 1816, and was for years afterwards 
known as " Armour's Church." " He was able to 
preach in Sinhalese, TamU, Dutch, and Portuguese, 
and it is said that he was acquainted with thirteen 
different languages." (SpenceHardy,p. 67.) He was 
one of the band who helped to complete Tolfrey's 
translation of the Bible, and also was one of the 
translators of the New Testament and Psalms into 
Indo-Portuguese. {Ibid). " Armour Street," leading 
from Silversmith street to Grandpass, where he resided 
for many years in a big corner house now used as a 
dispensaiy, is a reminder of his good services. The 
Govemmeni Gazette said of him at his death : ' ' He was 
a man highly esteemed and beloved by all Classes o E 
Society, and particularly by the Dutch and Portuguese 
inhabitants of this Settlement, among whom his 
labovu-s were chiefly exercised and to whom he proved 
himself a most faithful and valuable Minister and 
an affectionate and sincere friend, and whose spiritual 
and temporal interests he at all times laboured to 
promote, both in his public and private character." 
(December 6, 1828.) 



( 98 ) 



St. Paul's Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


341 .. 


March 29 . 
1825 


John Morris 



342 



M3rch 3 
1829 



Henry Pennell 



343 



March 21 
1831 

AprU 12 
1832 



Emily Jane Selkirk 
John Selkirk 



344 



Aug. 6 
1834 



George Alexander Staples. 



Inscription . 

Sacred to the memory of John Mobbis, late Com- 
mander of the Government brig Hebe, who died 
on the 29th March, 1825. Aged 63 years. 

Morris succeeded Mathew Frewyer in the command 
of the Government cutter Wilhelmina in 1813. She 
was 60 tons burthen. It is interesting to find that 
in April, 1816, the Wilhelmina called at that benighted 
port, MuUaittivu. The same year Morris was 
appointed to the Government brig Hebe, and was 
succeeded by N. Onetto. The Wilhelmina was 
advertised for sale on September 11, 1817, but 
whether she was sold or not does not appear. In any 
case her subsequent fate was tragic. In January, 
1819, while she was on a voyage, the Javanese crew 
mutinied, massacred the Captain N. Onetto, his wife, 
and the rest of the crew, plundered the vessel, and 
scuttled her. They then landed in the jolly boat " on 
the Pedir coast in the Port of Mordoo." Sonie of 
them were captured by the King of Acheen, who 
handed them over to Sir Stamford Raffles. The Hebe 
was advertised for sale, " as she now lays with aU her 
stores," in the Colombo Roads at the end of 1818. 

Morris left a widow and two sons and three 
daughters. The eldest son, John, married Johanna 
Romana Christofielsz. He died early, and his only 
daughter, Mary Ann, married H. W. Andree. The 
other son, Henry, was a coffee planter, and was killed 
by the fall of a tree while superintending felling oper- 
ations on Madawalatenna estate on September 8, 1842. 
In Jime of the following year another superintendent 
named Page was killed in the same way on the same 
estate. The eldest daughter, Catherine, married 
Luke PhiUp Christoftelsz, the next, Ann, married 
Charles van Dort of the Royal Engineers' Depart- 
ment, and the third, Eliza, married (1 ) Henry Mylius, 
grandson of Baron von Mylius, and (2) W. Herft. 

In memory of Heney Pennell, Son of Hbney 
Pennell, Esq., and Maby Susannah, his wife. 

He died on the 3rd March, 1829, in the 3rd year of 
his age. 

Henry PenneU was in the Civil Service from June 8, 
181.4, thl October 1, 1829, when he' retired on a 
pension of £500 a year, which he drew until his death 
in 1885 — altogether a sum of £28,000. He held 
revenue appointments in Nuwarakalawiya, at Batti- 
caloa, Trincomalee, and Kandy, and was Provincial 
Judge of Matara and TangaUa, and at the time of his 
retirement and of the death of this child, of Colombo. 
The " Cej'lon Almanac" of 1824 contains a notice of 
the death at Lyme Regis on September 26, 1823, of 
" Mrs. PenneU, relict of the late Lovell Pennell, and 
mother of Lady Giffard." Hardinge Giffard, Advo- 
cate Fiscal, arrived in Ceylon in October, 1810, and 
so did Miss Pennell, whom I take to have been a sister 
of Mrs. , afterwards Lady, Giffard. Add to this, that 
at the baptism of this chUd, who was born October 27, 
1826, at Trincomalee, Sir Hardinge Giffard was a 
sponsor (by proxy), and I infer from these facts 
that Henry PenneU was a son of LoveU Pennell, and 
brother-in-law of Sir Hardinge Giffard. 

Sacred to the memory of Emily Jane, daughter of 
the Revd. J. Selkiek and Anne his wife, died 
March 21st, 1831, aged 9 months. 

Also John, their infant son, died April 12th, 1832, 
aged 2 days. 

The Rev. James Selkirk belonged to the Church 
Missionary Society, and was the author of a book 
called " Recollections of Ceylon," which was published 
in London in 1844. 

Geoege Alexandee Staples, third son of John 
Staples, Esq., Qr. Mr. of H. M. 2nd Ceylon 
Regt., who departed this life on the 6th day of 
August, 1834. Aged 29 years 8 months 9 days. 
(See Nos. 184, 205, and 346.) 

He at one time kept an " Academy for Boys " at 
Colombo. 



( 99 ) 



St. Paul's Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 
345 .. 



Date. 

Jan. 12 
1835 



Name. 

William George Norris 



346 



347 



Jan. 24 
1838 



Aug. 26 
1839 



Caroline Staples 
John Staples 



348 



April 20 
1841 



William Stewart 



349 



March 28 
1843 



James Stewart 



Inscription. 
William George, the first-born son of the Hon'ble 
William Noeeis, Esq., Second Puisne Justice of 
the Supreme Court, and Feabne, his wife. Bom 
8th March, 1832, died 12th January, 1835, 
aged 2 years and 9 months. 

He died at Maradana, where Mr. Norris liad a house. 
Another son is the well-known novelist, William 
Edward Norris. The only daughter, Anne Grace, 
married on August 15, 1871, Sir Arthur Havelock, 
Governor of Ceylon, 1 890-6. The Hon. WiUiam Norris 
was Second Puisne Justice, 1834-6, Chief Justice 
1836, when he was appointed to the Recordership of 
Penang. In 1835 Mr. Justice Norris presided at 
Kandy at the trial of the Chief Mohgoda Disawa and 
five other Kandyans, including Dunuwila Disawa 
and two Buddhist priests, for raising rebellion. The 
trial lasted six days (January 12-17), and ended 
in an acquittal. On the jury were Henry Wright, 
C.C.S., W. H. Whiting, C.C.S., George Bird, E. J. 
Darley, W. Ridsdale, C.M.S., and J. G. Watson, 
Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, and seven 
natives. George Turnour, Government Agent of 
Kandy, was a witness. W. O. Carr, the King's 
Advocate, was the prosecutor, and H. J. Staples 
defended. Major Skinner says of the Adigar and his 
trial : " The Government felt obliged to bring his 
case before judicial investigation, but the Supreme 
Court, I was happy to find, fully acquitted him and 
all the others who had been, I believe, maliciously 
reported to be implicated with him " (p. 190). 

Sacred to the Memory of Caeollne, second daughter 
of Quarter Master J. Staples, who d.eparted this 
life on the 24th January, 1838. Aged 31 years. 

Sacred to the Memory of John Staples, Esq., late of 
H. M. 2nd Ceylon Regt., who was born at Ring- 
wood in the County of Hampshire, England^, 8th 
October, 1770, and died at Colombo, 26th August, 
1839, aged 69 years. 

He was tried with Captain Parker in 1811 on 
accoimt of the Parker-Brown duel, in which he .acted 
as second to Captain Parker. He was acquitted. 
His yoimgest daughter, Jemima, married at Colombo, 
in May, 1837, George Howard. His eldest son was 
H. J. Staples, his second son J. J. Staples. 

Sacred to the memory of William Stewart, Esq., 
late a Lieutenant H. M. 2nd C.R. Bom 25th 
September, 1793. Died 20th April, 1841. 

He was appointed 2nd Lieutenant in the 3rd Ceylon, 
August 2, 1811, 1st Lieutenant 2nd Ceylon, Septem- 
ber 18,1818. He was , I think , a brother of Lieutenant 
James Stewart (No. 349). After his retirement he 
became an oil merchant and had a chekku mill, and 
was known in consequence as " Vanniya Stewart." 
He married a native of the Island. His daughter, 
Sophia, born 1824, married at Colombo, January 11, 
1847, John William Marshall of the Colombo 
Customs, and brother of Henry Thomas Marshall of 
the P. andO., Galle. She died September 2, 1906. 

Sacred to the memory of Capt. James Stewart, 
H. M. Ceylon Rifle Regt., and Assistant Commis- 
sary-General. Bom on the 19th December, 1794. 
Died on the 28th March, 1843, aged 48 years 3 
months and 9 days. 

He was appointed 2nd Lieutenant, 3rd Ceylon, 
August 3, 1811 (the day after 2nd Lieutenant William 
Stewart's appointment to a cormnission in the same 
regiment). 

He was Assistant Conunissary-General at Ruwan- 
wella in 1817-1818. Like his brother, he married 
a native. His eldest son, James, became Queen's 
Advocate (see No. 351). His son, Charles Henry, 
became Senior Puisne Justice, and for a short time 
acted as Chief Justice, was made a C.M.G., and in 
.Tune, 1878, was offered, but declitied, the Chief 



( 100 ) 



St. Paul's Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No 


Date. 


Name. 


349 .. 


March 28 . 
1843 


James Stewart— co?i«rf. 



350 



351 



Feb. 13 
1850 



Nov. 18 
1851 



Frederic Assat 



James Stewart 



Insoriptioa. 
Justiceship of the Straits Settlements. One daughter, 
Louisa, married George Alexander Mackenzie, another, 
Catherine Lydia, married C. R. Curgenven, C.C.S., 
and a third married Christoffelsz de Saram, CCS. 
(184.5-1870). 

Pkedebio Assat. Born at Wampoa in China on 
the 14th July, 1787. Died at Colombo, Ceylon, on 
the ISTebniary, 1850, aged 63 years and 7 months. 

In memoria in etema erit justuB. 

Sacred to the memory of the Hon'ble Jambs Stewart, 
Esquire, Acting Queen's Advocate, eldest son of 
the late Capt. James Stev^aet, C.R.R. Born at 
Colombo, March 24th, 1821. Died November 
18th, 1851. 

A tablet to his memory, paid for by public subscrip- 
tion, was lost with the Sumatra on the Basses in 1858 
or 1859. James Stewart was the eldest son of Captain 
James Stewart, C.R.R. (see No. 349). He was bom 
March 24, 1821, educated at the Colombo Academy 
under the Rev. Joseph Marsh, and admitted a Proctor 
of the Supreme Court at the age of nineteen, and was 
appointed Deputy Queen's Advocate for the Midland 
Circuit on the death of William Gardiner Cumming ia 
1843, on the recommendation of Sir Arthur BuUer, 
the Queen's Advocate. On the division of the Bar 
into advocates and proctors, he was enrolled advocate 
in December, 1844. He became Deputy Queen's 
Advocate for the Island on the appointment of Sir 
Arthur Buller to the Calcutta Bench in November, 
1848, H. C. Selby being promoted to the office of 
Queen's Advocate. He succeeded Selby as Queen's 
Advocate and Member of the Executive and Legis- 
lative Councils in December, 1849, thus attaining 
this position in his 29th year. " Of the manner in 
which he presided over his important department and 
regulated the machinery of the whole it is impossible 

to speak in terms of too great admiration 

His practice as a private advocate increased rapidly. 

He was the standing counsel of the great 

majority of mercantile houses and proprietors of 
estates and of the banks His skill in narrat- 
ing facts, in arguing upon probabilities, in marshal- 
ling and sifting evidence, shone brilliantly in cases of 
fact and in his openings and replies in criminal trials." 

(Digby, vol. I., pp. 206-7.) But his health 

broke down from overwork — " debility induced by 
constant exercise of mind and deep and anxious 
thought, and to his want of due sustenance and rest — 
for so intense was the interest that he took in business 
that he utterly neglected both whenever any matter 
of importance engaged his attention — so that it was a 
matter of constant occurrence with him whenever 
he had a case in Court or any other serious engage- 
ment to attend to, to leave home and remain the 
whole day without a single morsel of food to support 
him." After a short illness he finally sank on Novem- 
ber 18 without a struggle. He was given a public 
fimeral. A contemporary newspaper writer said of 
him: "His great eminence as a lawyer, his spotless 
integrity as a man, made his services inestimable and 
his life invaluable to the Government and the country. 
His immensurable superiority to all his compeers, 
without any patronage bestowed on him or interest 
in his favour, by the plain force of his own brilliant 
yet self -acquired talents, Mr. Stewart achieved a high 

position for hiniself He was only thirty years 

of age when he died, and he acquired his knowledge in 
this country, where the means of obtaining a general, 
much less a legal, education were few and humble. 
Is it surprising under such circumstances that his 
countrymen should point to his career with pride, 
and should feel a satisfaction in extoUing the merits of 
an individual, who with all the difficulties which lay 
in his path, and in spite of the disadvantages under 
which he laboured, attained a distinction and wrought 
his way to official rank, such as was gained by no 
Euro-Asiatic before him, either here or on the conti- 
nent of India ? " 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


351 .. 


Nor. 18 . 
1851 


. James Stewart— cowici. 



{ 101 ) 

St. Paul's Burial Ground— co^fri. 

Inscription. 
" He wag a slightly built young man, with a warm 
brown complexion and bright intelligent eyes, which 
told of the Southern blood which was mixed with the 
cold Northern stream flowing through his veins." 
(William Boyd, Ceylon Literary Reqister, vol. III., 
p. 312.) 

352 .. Ja^„24 .. John Gualterus Kats .. Inmemoryof the Rev. J. C.Kats, Colonial Chaplain, 

^'*"* who officiated at St. Paul's Church since 26 Sep- 

tember, 1843, and died on the 24th January, 1864. 

He was appointed Catechist in September, 1842; 
ordained Deacon, May 29, 1843, by Dr. Spencer, 
Bishop of Madras, and Priest on November 17, 1844 ; 
appointed Colonial Chaplain from November 1, 1843, 
succeeding the Rev. J. C. Arndt at St. Paul's. He 
was an extempore and able preacher. It is said that 
during his time the number of persons at the services 
in Portuguese amounted to over 400 and frequently 

more In his days St. Paul's witnessed the 

days of her prosperity It was resorted to 

by persons of all nationalities. (Monthly Literary 
Register, vol. III., p. 87.) 

His wife died at Trincomalee in 1831. He was at 
that time in charge of the Wesleyan Chapel there. 



Wolvendaal Church, Colombo. 

The name " Wolvendaal" is the Dutch rendering of the Portuguese " Agoa de Loupe" (modern loho), 

meaning " The dale of -vyolves," i.e., a marsh or swamp frequented by jackals.* The hill on which the church 

standi must have taken its name from the surrounding low ground. The church was built in 1749, probablyon 

the site of an older building , Portuguese or Dutch . There was certainly a Portuguese ' ' cloister ' ' here , and no doubt 

a church. It is supposed to have been originally intended as a church for the native adherents of the reformed 

church, but, if so, that intention was not kept, and owing no doubt to the ruinous condition of the church in the 

Fort, it superseded the latter as the official church of the Dutch Company, and special pews were provided in it 

for the Governor and the other high officials. It was dedicated on March 6, 1757. It occupies a commanding site 

on a hill overlooking the harboiu", from which, with its squat central lantern covered with slates, it is a conspicuous 

object. Percival refers to it as "a very handsome and spacious church in the Black Town, about a mile distant 

from the Fort," but it is described by another writer as " a massive building of very heavy architecture, with 

enormously thick walls, as if intended to stand a siege." (Digby, vol. I., p. 183.) Meanwhile the church which 

stood on the open space now known as the Gordon Gardens in the Fort, which had been built by the Portuguese, 

and had been the chief church of the Company until the opening of Wolvendaal, gradually went to decay, and 

at the time of the British occupation appears to have been roofless. The tombs which it contained "were 

consequently exposed to the destructive violence of the tropical rains, which they were neither constructed or 

intended to resist," though it had still with its crypt and vaults continued to be used as a place of sepulture after 

the opening of Wolvendaal. In 1813 "the British authorities, after consultation with the principal Dutch 

inhabitants and with their consent and approbation," determined to remove the bodies to the church at Wolvendaal, 

where proper vaults were prepared for their reception. Accordingly, the remains of five Dutch Governors and of 

their wives and families, altogether of two dozen or more persons, were ren^oved to Wolvendaal Church with 

considerable pomp. The ceremony took place on the night of September 4, 1813, by torchlight, and the procedure 

which was to be followed was prescribed by an order published in the Gazette of September 2. In most cases the 

tombstones appertaining to the distinguished persons whose remains were thus removed no doubt followed them 

within a short time, and probably also there were removed to the new church the tombstones of other officials whose 

names are not mentioned in the list published in the Gazette. This would account for the fourteen tombstones 

inside and the five outside Wolvendaal Church, which date from 1662 to 1736, i.e. , from a period before the present 

church was built, but which do not appertain to persons whose remains are mentioned as having been removed 

to it in 1813. There are, in addition, twelve tombstones inside and two outside the church which did so appertain, 

' and seven monuments were erected inside the church during the thirty-nine years of Dutch rule, which remained 

after the opening of the church. The seven Dutch tombstones outside the church, which for nearly ninety years 

lay lust as they had been dumped down in the churchyard, have in recent years been erected against the outer 

walls of the church. 



* In a chart in Baldseus, page 105 (Beschryving der Oost-Indische Kusten Malabar en Choromandel als cock Cejlon. 
Amatfirdam Ao 1672) explanatory of the siege of Colombo, Ao. 1656, there is shown " de Kerck Agoa de Loepo zjnde 't 
1 Zr,r,fl,rt ^fl'n de Heer Maioor Jan van der Laan " (the church Agoa de Loepo being the quarters of Major Jan van der Laan). At 
logement van «« ^^fj^^^J j^ ^"^lled the " heuvel van Agaa de Lupe " (the hill of Agua de Lupe). 

another pla^ (page ll^O)^^^^^^ ^^^^^ Simonsz' report, Colombo, January 28, 1707, he says (Ceylon, Frangois Valentjn, p. 315): 
.,m ■ „„J^»rnf Wolvendaal aroot bvna 13 morgen alwaar 'tPortugees klooster AgadaLupa nogstaat. Dog zo vermaakt dat 
- Tuin g«'i*^*^^^^°',7^gXndi^ word gehoudon." (Garden called Wolvendaal, in extent about 13 morgen, where 

th Prtuauese cloister Agada Lupa still stands, but so altered that it is now used as the residence of the Kandyan Ambassadors.) 

82-09 



( 102 ) 



Wolvendaal Burial Ground — contd. 

As regards at least five of the eminent persons whose ashes were removed to Wolvendaal, whatever memorials 
there were have disappeared. They were either " lost in transit " or appropriated to other uses — a conamon fate 
of tombstones. The most noteworthy of these memorials was the monument of General HuKt , who commanded the 
Dutch forces at the siege of Colomho in 1656, for in all probability the name Hoist given in the Government Gazette 
of September 2, 1813, is a mistake for HuLft. His body lay for some time, during the continuance of the siege, at 
the " Groote Kerk " at GaUe, and was in 1658 removed to Colombo and laid under a stately mausoleum. Every 
vestige of this has disappeared, though there is a rumour that the stone which bore the inscription was used, 
turned the other way, for Sir WiUiam Coke's monument, which was erected five years after the removal from the 
Fort church to Wolvendaal. Possibly it was used, three months after such removal, for lady Louisa Rodney's. 
Another disappearance stiU more to be regretted was a stone containing an inscription " in pure Portuguese over 
a King of Cotta, who was converted to the Catholic Faith in 1550, who died in 1607." This refers to Don Juan- 
Dharmapala, 1542-1581. There are also missing the memorials of Adam de Lannoy of Breda, Koopman and 
" Soldy-boekhouder of Colombo," and of his wife Theodora Wilhelmina Theobeeren of Soerabaiya, who died 
in 1794 and 1776 respectively, relatives of Governor van Eck, as well as those of Colonel Paravicini di Capelle, 
whose hatchment stands over the organ loft, and of his second wife, the widow of Governor Falck. Of the three 
other hatchments in the church whicli have always been in Wolvendaal, one is that of the wife of the last Governor, 
Johan Gerard van Angelbeek. She died in 1793, but has no other memorial, while her husband, who died in 1799, 
has neither tomb nor hatchment. It is probable that none was ever erected, and the same is probably the case 
with regard to the sons of Commandeur Fretz , whose remains with those of Governor Angelbeek and his wife 
were also among those removed to Wolvendaal. 

The three hatchments in Wolvendaal, though they aU commemorate persons buried in the Fort, no doubt 
were originally placed in Wolvendaal, and were not removed there in 1813. The Fort church was roofless, and 
could afford no protection for such memorials. In fact it is known from the Wolvendaal registers that the two 
commemorating the wives of Governors van de Graaffi and van Angelbeek were placed in the church in 1805 by 
the Hon. George Melville Leslie, Paymaster-General, who had married a daughter of Governor van de Graaff. 

The burial register goes back to 1803 only. 

Captain Anderson, who has been already quoted, tells, in his " Wanderer in Ceylon," the following 
tale of a lady buried in Wolvendaal Church, which he states is a " melancholy fact." It is impossible to 
identify her ; there is no inscription that suits. These verses must be her only commemoration : — 

Yon shady slope then let me gain. To one, a soldier from his yoUth : 

And view that unassuming fane. Whose modest worth, unknown to fame. 

That monument of pious hands. With no proud lineage grac'd his name ! 

A Christian church in heathen lands. What pen can paint the throes of pride 

WTien first the tearful, trembling bride, 
Her lowly lover's nam.6 reveal'd, 
And own'd their Nuptial faith was sealed ? 
The rising wrath the father felt 
As still the lovely pleader knelt, 
" A parent's curse attend thy bed, 
(Thus to the shudd'ring bride he said) 
" Degenerate girl ! now hear thy doom, 
" Thy future joyless years consume : 
" And wither that too-fatal bloom, 
' ' Where noxious exhalations rise 1 
" In Java's pestilential skies ! " 
Then fiu'ious, rising from his seat, 
He spm-n'd the victim from his feet. 
Fain would I image the despair, 
The comfortless, distracted air. 
The changing passions that assail 
The lover at the harrowing tale ! 
How swift he flew, how gently prest 
The hopeless sufferer to his breast ! 
" Albert," the moxu-ner faintly said, 
" A father's curse is on my head ! 
" Oh, were my sainted mother here, 
" Her daughter's breaking heart to cheer ! " 
Again he strained her to his heart, 
" Clara, be mine that grateful part ; 
" Perhaps my unremitting love 
" The barbed arrow may remove ! 
" In my fidelity be found 
" A balsam for the ranlding wound ! " 

Brief be the melancholy tale ! 

The watchful father's pow'rs prevail. 

His sleepless vengeance quickly found 

A warlike bark to Java bound : 

Six tedious months had nearly wan'd 

Before the destin'd port they gain'd : 

And time's smooth balsam slow but sure 

Had staunch' d the wound it could not cure ! 

But Java's unrelenting sky 

Soon stole the lustre from her eye. 

An hectic tinge, a fiery glow, 

Declar'd the footsteps of the foe ; 

Yet, tho' she felt the coming stroke. 

No murmur from the sufferer broke ; 



Within that solemn pile are laid 
The ashes of a high-born maid, 
A victim of imhallow'd scorn, 
Tho' once to princely titles bom. 
And of each female grace possest 
That could adorn the gentle breast. 

Where Rhine's majestic current flows. 
Her patrimonial tow'rs arose. 
And there beneath a mother's view, 
The apple of her eye she grew ! 
There as along her evening walk. 
She pluck' d the flow' ret from its stalk. 
And heard the murmiu-s of the tide. 
And saw the purple shadows glide. 
When eve's rich colours, bright but brief. 
Were hung on every growing leaf. 
In such an hour, in such a scene. 
Well might the doating mother ween. 
Nor hall, nor palace, cot, nor bow'r. 
Could boast a fairer, sweeter flow'r ! 
Had that fond parent lived to know 
The hand that dealt the vital blow, 
Oh, had she thought her riper years 
Were doom'd to banishment and tears. 
And that an equatorial sky 
Should dim the sparkle of that eye ! 
But heav'n in mercy from her sight. 
The future kindly veiled in night ; 
The smiling mother sunk to rest. 
Upon her darUng daughter's breast. 

Her father, haughty, selfish, old, 
Of look austere, deportment cold ; 
Whose avaricious hopes and fears. 
Increased with his increasing years. 
Now sternly bade her plight her hand. 
To one, the wealthiest of the land, 
But of a base unfeehng mind, 
A temper sordid and unkind, 
Who strove the shrinking maid to buy. 
Nor sought for kindness in her eye : 
But she had pledged her virgin troth , 



( 103 , 



Wolvendaal Burial Ground— cow^rf. 



Not Albert's teuderness could savo 

The victim from an early grave ; 

One hope seem'd only to remain, 

To trust the ocean wave again, 

And try if some more genial shore 

To her flush' d cheek could health restoi^' ! 

To renovate her sinking frame 

Hither the woe-worn wand'rer came. 

But where can human science find 

An opiate for a womided mind ? 

Like a gaunfc fiend, upon her breast, 

That fatal curse still hourly prest ; 

Fast sinka the poor, heart-stricken maid. 

Vain, vain, is every earthly aid ! 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


353 .. 


March 3 . 
1662 


Ina Bosemis 



354 



June 26 
1662 



SiblUa de Leeuw 



355 



Juno 25 
1663 



Sigismundus Monitanier 



356 



May 24 
1664 



Hercules Lindebora 



She bless'd her parent, clos'd her eyes. 
And sought her mother in the sides ! 

Albert appeared to meet his lot 
At first as if he felt it not ; 
But in the wandering of his eye 
A soleraa purpose you might spy, 
A fearful wildness dwelling there, 
Resulting from confirm' d despair ; 
An agonizing, bitter scorn,* 
That told how deep the rankling thorn ! 
Slowly he left the sacred shade, 
Where all his soul's best hopes were laid, 
Return' d to Java, fought and died. 
And joined once more his injur'd bride I 

Inscription. 

Ika VAif DER HoOL. Out 22 jaars huysvrouwe v. 
WiLHBLM Bosemis, in den Heere gerust den 3 Maar, 
Ao. 1662. 

Arms. — Dexter shield a heart saignant, a 

canton gules. 

Crest. — A cross. 

Sinister shield. — Partyperpale: (l)perfess, vert and 
argent, in base an anchor ; (2) vert, a cross couped 
argent. 

Greet. — A plume of ostrich feathers (?). 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., pp. 223, 264.) 

SiBiLLA DE Leeuw. Obiit den 26 Juny, Ao. 1662. 

Sibilla de Leeuw, baptized at Colombo, Dacember, 
1661, was the daughter of Adriaan de Leeuw of Har- 
lingen (Friesland) and Maria Dureus of Batavia, 
perhaps the daughter of Andries Dureus of Scotland, 
who was Chief Surgeon in Batavia ( 1 625-37 ). Andries 
Dureus was married (1), Batavia, February 27, 162.5, 
to Sara Seroyen of Amsterdam, (2), Batavia, February 
15, 1629, to Anna van Nederhoven of Dordrecht, and 
(3), Batavia, August 20, 1637, CatharinaStroombergen 
of Campen, the widow of Pieter Nannielsz, Koopman. 
Dureus is the Latinized form of Dure (Durkee). 

There was an Andries Dure in Colombo in 1 657 , who 
appears as a sponsor at a baptism, on September 13, 
1657, with Magdalena Dure, evidently his wife. He 
was most probably the son of the Chief Sm^geon and 
father of Maria Dure (Durhee) , born 1 652, died October 
2, 1686, the wife of Anthony Mooyaart of Amsterdam, 
born 1639, who came out as an Under Surgeon 
to Ceylon. He was the grandfather of Anthony 
Mooyaart, Commandeur of Jaffna. 

SibiUa de Leeuw's godmother was Sibilla Scholten, 
tbe wife, no doubt, of Marten Scholten, who was 
marrid to Sibilla Herverdonck. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 218 ; vol. XVIL, p. 12.) 

Hier leit Sigismundus Monitaniee. Out 12 jaar, 2 
maanden. Gestorven den 25 Ju., 1663. 

(Ibid., vol. XVIL, pp. 14, 15, 27.) 

He was, perhaps, the son of Frangois Monitanier, 
tlie Fiscaal of Colombo, who married Dorothea 
Schatvelt. Isabella Margareta Monitanier of Delft waa 
married at Colombo, 1671, to Johan Marten Franoen 
of Anhalt, Chief Surgeon of Colombo. 

Hier leyt begraven den E. Hercules Lindbborn in 
zyn leeven vrycoopman kapiteyn der burgerye 
ende viesepresis van't Civile Collegie deser stat 
Colombo. Geboortich van Drontem out 42 jaren 
7/m. en 11 dagen. Overleeden den 24 Mev, anno 
1664. 
Arms. — On a mound a (linden) tree. 
Crest. — A tree, as in the arms. 

Hercules Lindeborn was married to Johanna Linde- 
born. Two of his daughters, Sara and Ehzabeth, 
are buried at Pulicat. ("Indian Monumental In- 
scriptions," Cotton, p. 189.) There was a Lindeborn, 
Chief of Honimoa (1708). " Drontem " is Drontheim 
in Norway. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 219; vol. XVIL, p. 12.) 
This tomb is outside the church. It was moved here 
from the Fort Dutch Chwch in 1813. 



( 104 ) 



Wolvendaal Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


357 .. 


Jan. 3 
1667 


. Jacomina van Goens 




June 22 


Esther van Goens 




1668 





358 



Sept. 23 
1684 



Adriana Blom 



359 



Dec. 3 
1686 



(Marten) Scholte 



Inscription. 
Hier rast Jacomina Rosegaabd en Esther de 
SoLBMNE huysvrouwen van Ryckxof van Goens, 
raed ord. van India, Gouvemerend, Ceylon, 
Malabaer en Madure. Overleden den 3 Janu, 
Ac. 1667, d'ander 22 Juny, 1668. 

^rms.— Quarterly of four. (1) Party per pale (a) 
azure, an eagle displayed issuing from the pale line, 
(6) a stag springing contourne. (2) Party per pale 
(a) azure, the sun in his glory, (6) barruly of eleven, 
gules and argent, the 6th charged with 5 mallets. (3) 
Gules, an hour glass fesseways. (4) Party per pale (a) 
party per pale, [aa) gules, a flevu?-de-lys issuing from 
the pale line, (66) barruly of eleven, gules and argent, 
(6) gules, a baton argent, sin?tout, a lion rampant. 

Jacomina Rosegaard was bom in Leyden in 1616, 
being the daughter of Bartholomeus Rosegaard. She 
was married (1) to Lieutenant Jan Lievens and (2) at 
Batavia, September 13, 1640, to Rycklof van Goens 
(senior). Governor of Ceylon. Esther de Solemne, the 
second wife of Rycklof van Goens, born in 1640, was 
the daughter of Captain David de Solemne and 
Catherina Malbergh. Rycklof van Goens (junior) 
was a child of the second marriage, having been born 
at Batavia, June 11, 1642. He was Governor of 
Ceylon April 12, 1675, to December 3, 1679 ; was twice 
married, (1) at Colombo, March 17, 1667, to Louisa 
Brasser of Dantzio, and (2) to Catharina van 
Adrichem, daughter of Dirk van Adrichem, Director 
of Surat. 



p. 219; 
394.) 



vol. 



(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., 
XVIL, pp. 13, 66, 67 ; vol. XVIIL, p. 

Outside the church. Probably removed here from 
the Fort Dutch Church. 
Hier leyt begraven de eerbare juf . Adeiana Alebos, 
huysvrouwe van den koopman en secre. des 
gouvernements v. Ceyln. Flobis Blom, gebooren 
in Tayouan,op'teylandt Formosa, den 13Decembr., 
Ac. 1656, en sterft den 23 Sepr., 1684, in't Casteel 
Colombo. 

In the " Lapidarium Zeylanicum " there is next to 
this epitaph (p. 5) a coat of arms as follows : — 

Party per pale : (1) Three birds rousant ; (2) a cross 
hiomette in chief and five lozenges in base. 

Crest. — A bird, as in the arms. 
• (Ihid., vol. XV., pp. 219, 256, 257 ; vol. XVIL, pp. 
13,26.) 

Adriana Alebos was evidently the sister of Nicolaas 
Alebos of Tayouan (Formosa), Dissave of Colombo. 

FIorisBlom was a native of Zaardam (N. Holland). 

This tombstone is outside the church. It was 
removed here from the Fort Dutch Church. 

Hier n dit kleyn vertregk, leyt den vermaerden belt, 
die Scholte die weleer, gloekmoedigh sloegvytvelt, 
den trotsen loysatien, en vyt haer stergke stede, 
wien ziel rust nu by God, ind' aerde zyne leede. 
Geboore den 12 Novemb. , Ao. 1620, obyt 3 Desemb. 
Ao. 1686. 

Arms a bunch of grapes between four 

vine leaves conjoined saltirewise. 
Crest. — A plume of ostrich feathers. 

This epitaph evidently refers to Captain Marten 
Scholten. He was married to SibUla Hervendonk, 
perhaps daughter of Joris Herverdonk, Resident of 
Eandy. (Baldseus's " Ceylon," p. 66.) 

(Ihid., vol. XL, p. 63; vol. XV., p. 218; vol. 
XVIL, p. 12.) 

At the siege of Colombo by the Dutch, Marten 
Scholtes (Scholte), Lieutenant of the Galle Rifles, 
Captain of Galle, and renowned in the Sinhalese and 
Malabar wars, was the first to scale the walls (March 
6, 1656) of the bastion St. Joan. He was wounded in 
the arm in the encounter. (Baldseus's " Ceylon," 
p. 122.) In 1665 he was sent to the King of Kandy's 
territories with Captain du Pont and the Koopman 
van Goens, to take possession of certain provinces. 



( 105 ) 



Wolvendaal Burial Gvouni—contd. 



erial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


359 .. 


Dec. 3 
1686 


. . (Marten) Scholte— cowitZ. 



360 



Aug. 19 
1690 



Joan van Vliet 



361 



Oct. 4 
1695 



Johanna Margarita van Toll 



362 



Oct. 24 
1696 



Henrietta van Rhee 



Inscription. 

The epitaph is an attempt at versification, as indi- 
cated by the commas. 

This stone is outside the church. It was probably 
removed here from the Fort Dutch Church. 

This will be seen by the following rendering in 
modern Dutch : — 

Hier in dit Klein vertrek 
Ligt de vermaard held 
Die Scholte die weleer 
Kloekmoedig sloeg uit veld 
Den trotsehe Lus'tanien 
En uit hare sterke stede 
Wiens ziel rust nu by God 
In d'aarde zyne leede (sic) 

Leede is an archaic word introduced for purposes of 
rhythm in place of lyh (body). The Portuguese in 
the East were often called " the haughty Lusitanians." 
The epitaph may be translated: "Here, in this 
small recess, lies the famed hero, that Scholte who 
long since vanquished the haughty Lusitanians and 
drove them out of their fortress. His soul rests with 
God, his body in the earth." As an example of a 
vainglorious epitaph it may be compared with No. 
1,242 on page 125 in Cotton's List. 

Hier rust d'E. Joan van Vliet in syn leven opper- 
coopman en hooft op Tutucoryn. Geboren 11 
January, Ao. 1656. Obyt 19 Augusto, 1690, out 
synde 34 jaren 7 maanden en 8 dagen. 

Arms. — Azure, three spears placed bendwise, points 
directed sinister. 

Crest. — A spear erect. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 222; vol. 
XVII., pp. 13-14 ; vol. XVIII. , p. 53.) 

Joan van Vliet was a native of Schiedam, and 
married (1) at Tuticorin, June 2, 1676, Susanna 
Alvarez, perhaps daughter of Fernandez Alvarez, 
Dissave (Valentyn's " Ceylon," p. 154), (2) Maria van 
Rhee, (3) at Colombo, August 16, 1682, Wilhelmina 
de Witt of Utrecht, widow of WUlem van Dielen of 
Haarlem, Opperkoopman. 

Outside the church. Probably from the Fort Dutch 
Church. 

Hier rust d'eerbare jufEr. Johanna Margarita 
SCHILHOORN in haar leven warde huysvrouw van 
den oppercoopman Gerrit van Toll. Out 17 
jaren 9 m. 11 dagen. Geboren tot Batavia, over- 
leden den 4 en October, Ao. 1695. 

[Ihid., vol. XV., p. 223; vol. XVIL, p. 14 ; vol. 
XVIIL.p. 60.) 

Johanna Margarita Schilhoorn was the first wife of 
Gerrit van Toll of Utrecht (married at Colombo, June 
13, 1694). His second wife (married at Colombo, 
January 1, 1697) was Catharina Constantia van Vhet 
of Tutucorin, the daughter of Joan van Vhet and 
Maria van Rhee. 

Hier legt begraven Henrietta van Kriekenbebk 
huysvrouwe van Thomas van Rhee, Raad extra- 
ordinair van India, Gouvernr. en Directr. des 
Eylands Ceylon en obiit 24 Octr., setatis 56 jaren. 

Arms. — Party per pale: (1) three stags' heads, the 
two in chief a£front6. (2) Nine escutcheons (?) 3.3.3, 
a chief sable. 

(76id., vol. XV., pp. 223, 224, 247, 258 ; vol. XVIL, 
pp. 13, 14, 22, 49, 50, 69.) 

Henrietta van Kriekenbeek, born October 1, 1640, 
at Wyk by Duiorstede (Province of Utrecht), was the 
daughter of Rutgerus van Kriekenbeek of the same 
town, the founder of the family in Ceylon. She came 
out to Ceylon with her father in 1659 in the ship 
Zeelandia, and was married at Galle, August 1, 
1661, to Thomas van Rhee of Wyk by Duurstede, 
born December 16, 1634, died at Batavia, March 31, 
1701. Thomas van Rhee was probably the son of 
Captain Willem van Rhee (Artillery), bom 1697, died 



( 106 ) 



Wolvendaal Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


362 .. 


Oct. 24 
1696 


. . Henrietta van Rhee contd. 


363 .. 


Nov. 5 
1700 


. . Willem van Rhee 




April 23 . 


. Catliarina Aflricana van 




1700 


Dielen 



364 



March 31 
1702 



Barbara Margarita van der 
Duym 



365 



Nov. 26 
1702 



Gerrit de Heere 



366 



Feb. 28 
1709 



Abigail Strick 



Inscription. 

at Wyk by Duurstede, March 10, 1667, by his wif» 
Margarita van Hengst, bom at Wyk by Duurstede, 
December 12, 1598, died there April 28, 1667. 

Outside the church. Probably removed here from 
the Fort Dutch Church. 

Hier leggen begraven den E. Heer Willbm van Rhee 
in zyn leven oppercoopman en hoofd-administra- 
teur des Ceylonsen G-ouvernements, en desselfs 
huysvrouw d'eerbare Cathabina Affbica2^a van 
Dielen, de laarste geboren den 7 Juny., Ao. 1670,. 
en overleden den 23 April, 1700, mitsgaders den 
eersten geboren primo December, Ao. 1663, en 
overleden den 5 November des opgem>3lten jaars- 
1700. 

Arms. — Dexter shield (van Rhee). — Gules, three 
stags' heads argent. 

Sinister shield (van Dielen). — On a fess azure, 
three stars or, the chief party per pale ; (1) or, a tre& 
debruised by a stag courant contoum^ ; (2) gules, a 
pascal lamb passant argent. In base, or, a lion 
couchant guardant giiles, armed and langued azure, 
holding in his paws a ball azure. 

Crest (over the two shields). — A stag issuant. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., pp. 223, 224, 247,. 
258; vol. XVII.,pp. 13, 14, 22, 26, 43, 69.) 

Willem van Rhee was born at Negapatnam, being 
the son of Thomas van Rhee and Henrietta van 
Kriekenbeek. He married Catharina Africana van 
Dielen of Haarlem at Colombo on April 13, 1687. 
She was no doubt of the same family as Willem 
van Dielen of Haarlem, Chief of Masuhpatnam. 
(born August 5, 1650, died at Pulicat, October 13, 
1688), who married at Colombo, January 9, 1678,. 
WiUiehnina de Witt of Utrecht (Cotton, p. 192), 
and as Johanna van Dielen of Haarlem, who married 
at Colombo, March 17, 1686, Lodewyk van Raben- 
haupt of Nymegen (a town on the river Waal in 
Holland, South of Arnhem). Isaac van Dielen 
(Cotton, p. 269) no doubt belonged to the same family. 

Ter gedachtenisse van Mejuffrouvw Baebaea Mak- 
gaeita Cadensky huysvrouw van D.' E. Adam 
VAN DEE Dtjym geboren tot Coohim, anno 1678, 
den 11 Augustus, obiit ultmo. maert 1702, out 23 
jaeren 7 maenden 20 dagen. 

(Ihid., vol. XV., p. 226 ; vol. XVII, p. 14.) 

Barbara Margarita Cadensky was perhaps the sister 
of Pieter Cadensky of Cochin, Assistent, who married. 
May 2, 1706, Johanna Lodewyks of Negapatnam. 
Adam van der Duym was Commandeiu: of Jafina 
(1705-08). It was during his term of office that thfr 
Dutch Church there was built by Martinus-Leusekam. 

Hier onder rust den wel. Edele Heer Geeeit de 
Hebee in zyn leeven extraordinie. raad van 
Nederlands India, Gouverneur en Directeur van't 
Eyland Ceylon, de custe Madure ext. Obiit Colombo 
den 26 Novembr., Ao. 1702, out 45 jaaren 8/m en- 
26 dagen. 

Arms. — . ... an eight-spoked wheel. 
Crest. — A plume of ostrich feathers. 
(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 225.) 

Gerrit de Heere was born in Amsterdam, March 1, 
1657, and married, at Batavia, Johanna Maria van 
Riebeek, the daughter of the Governor-General 
Abraham van Riebeek and Elisabeth van Osten of 
Delft, and granddaughter of Johan van Riebeek, the 
founder of Cape Colony, and Maria Quevellerius. De* 
Heere's widow married the Governor-General Joan 
van Hoorn. 

Hier onder rust het lyck van mejuffrw. Abigail. 
Keetlaae laast wedwe. van den oppercoopm. «o. 
dessave der Colombose landen Hr. Coenblis Stbick 
zalr., geboren Ter Goes den Isen. January, 1639, en 
overleden ult., Februar., Ao. 1709, oud 70 jaren 7 
maenden 10 dagen. 



( 107 ) 



Wolvendaal Burial GrouM—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


366 .. 


Feb. 28 . 
1709 


. Abigail Strick 



-contd. 



367 



April 26 
1719 



Cornells van der Parra 



368 



Sept. 25 
1714 



Susanna Margarita Sehorer 



369 



April 16 

and 25 

and May 7 

1719 



Constantia Moll 

Adriana Henrietta Moll 

Bitterina Moll 

(Children of Arnold Moll 
and Christina van Reede} 



370 



April 7 
1722 



Francois van Beaumont 



Inscription. 

Arms. — Vair-taille, five lozenges conjoined bend- 
wise. 

Crest. — A plume of ostrich feathers. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B. , vol. XV. , pp.225, 285,286; 
vol. XVII., pp. 14, 15, 22, 30, 32 ; vol. XVIII. , p. 63.) 

Ter Goes is the capital of the island of South 
Beveland (Zeeland). 

Hier rust den E. Coenblis van der Pabra in syn 
leeven coopmn. en sekretars. dieses eylants Ceylon, 
alhier tot Colombo geboren Ao. 1687 den 31 
Januari, obit Ao. 1719 den 26 April, oudt synde 
32 jaaren, 2 maenden en 26 daagen. 

Cornells van der Parra, baptized at Colombo. 
February 6, 1687, was the son of Rombout van der 
Parra of Amsterdam, Dissave of Colombo, by his wife 
Maria Strick of Colombo, whom he married there on 
July 11, 1683. Ronxbout married (2) at Colombo. 
1695, Henrietta Wiokelman (Winkeknan?) of Galle. 
Comelis married at Colombo, October 26, 1709, 
Gertruida Susanna Spannuyt of Amsterdam, and 
these were the parents of Petrus Albertus van der 
Parra, born at Colombo, September 29, 1714, 
Governor-General of the Dutch Indies. 

Mitsgaders zyne dogter Susanna Margar. huys- 
vrouwe van den ondercoopman en dispencier 
Daniel Schorer. Geboren den 5den April, 1696, 
oud 19 jaar, 5 maanden 20 dag. en overleden 25en 
Septr. , 1714, soo mede haar dogtertje. 

Arms (van der Parra). — Per fess, or and azure, 
in chief an eagle displayed sable, in base a chevron 
argent between three pears of the last. 

Grest. — An eagle, as in the arms. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., pp. 227, 262, 263; vol. XVII., 
p. 16.) 

There is no connection between this tombstone 
and No. 367. Daniel (Bernardszoon) Schorer was a 
native of Ter Goes (Beveland), and came out to the 
Indies in the ship Serjeantsland in 1705. 

Rust plaats der 3 gesusterjes Constantia tot Jaff. 
geb. den 27 May, 1711, Adriana Henrietta dto. 
den 27 April, 1712, Bitterina tot gale dto. den 
4 Augo., 1714. Overleden den 16 en 25 April en 
7 May, 1719, alien Kinderen van de Hr. Arnold 
Moll opperk. en Ceylons hoofd administrat. en 
mejoffrou Christina vait Reede. 

Arms. — Party per fess, in chief three moles, in base, 
argent, two barrulets dancette sable. 

(Ihid., vol. XV., pp. 229, 230, 236, 265, 277 ; vol. 
XVII., pp. 16, 27, 29.) 

Christina van Reede died at Batavia, April 13, 1731 , 
was the daughter of Gerard van Rhee. The strange 
name Bitterina is a feminine form of Bitter — a name 
of frequent occurrence in the van Reede family. 
There was a Lieutenant Bitter van Reede in Ceylon 
in 1693. 

Outside the church. Probably removed here from 
the Port Dutch Church. 

Hier rust jonckheer Francois van Beaumont oud 24 
jaaren vyf. maanden en 7 dagen. Overleeden den 
7 April, 1722. 

Arm^. — Azure, a ship in full sail, or ; on a chief or, 
a lion passant, sable. 

Grest. — ^A Uon issuant, sable, armed and langued 
gules, between a pair of wings or and sable. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., pp. 229, 235 ; vol. XVII., pp. Iti, 
18.) 

Frangois van Beaumont was perhaps the son of 
Cornells van Beaumont of Breda, Fiscaal, Cape^ and 
Dehana Blesius, daughter of Johannes Blesius of 
Breukelen (N. Holland), Fiscaal, Cape, and 
granddaughter of Rev. Dominions Blesius of 
Breukelen. 



( 108 ) 

Wolvendaal Burial Ground — contd. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

371 .. June 11 .. Isaac August Rumpf .. Inluctuossimumobitumprsenobilisetinoomparabilis 

1723 viri domiiu et magistri Is. Aug. Rttmpf, ordinarii 

(dum viveret) concilii Ind. Orient, membri et 
gubematoris per universam insularu CeyloimanseDa. 
Conditur hoc tumulo illustris pars infima Rumpfi 
Spiritus aethereos pervolat usque polos Occidit janL 
nostro corruscans lumine cselo Sol sed heu miseroa 
nos manet atra dies, Ille gubemandis populis 
miserisque juvandis Natus amor nostri temporis 
ecce jacet Vos Ceylonnenses saxum quoties videatis 
Fundite vos lacrymas, nam pater interiit. Natus,. 
Ao. 1673 vigesimo primo Novembr., denatus Ao. 
1723, undecimo Juny. 

Arms. — Quarterly of four : 1 and 4 gules, a 
five-pointed star or, 2 and 3 party per bend 
wavy, or and azure, a rose counterchanged. Over 
aU, on an inescutcheon argent, a bull rampant langued 
gules. 

Crest. — A bull affront^. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., pp. 228,229;. 
vol. XVII., pp. 16, 58 ; vol. XVIII., pp. 68, 325.) 

The earliest known ancestor of this fajnily was 
Johannes Rumpf, Baron of Weilros, a Colonel in the 
Regiment of Emperor Maximiliaan II. , who died in 
action in the year 1566. He was the grandfather of 
the great-grandfather of Isaac Augustyn Rumpf, who 
was bom in The Hague, November 21 , 1673. He was 
a Doctor of Laws of Leyden University, and arrived 
in the Indies in 1707 in the ship H Huis ter Loo for 
the chamber Amsterdam, and succeeded Hendrik 
Bekker as Governor on December 5, 1716. He was 
the son of Christiaan Constantyn Rumpf and Anna 
Margarita Bee , and married Gysberta Johaima Blesius,. 
the sister of Deliana Blesius, wife of Cornelis van 
Beaumont. Gysberta Johaima Blesius married, as 
the widow Rumpf, at Batavia, on March 16, 1726, 
Mr. Everhard Kraayvanger of Macassar, Advocate 
Fiscaal of India, and widower of Maria Catharina 
de Vos. 

This epitaph was versified in English with consider- 
able skill by the late Mr. E. C. Dumbleton, Crown 
Counsel, as foUows : — 

Hidden beneath this tombstone's shade 
The mortal part of Rumpf is laid. 
Illustrious dust ! His spirit high 
Now flits beyond the ethereal sky ; 
Sunk is the sun that gleamed so bright. 
Changed is our day to " Death's Dark Night." 
Born to command and grief assuage — 
The fondest hope of this our age ! 
Lo, Ceylonese, lo ! Here he lies, — 
Whene'er this stone confronts your eyes, 
Grudge not the tribute of a tear 
To parent worth that's buried here ! 

372 . Oct. 19 . . Johannes Hertenberg . . Hier legt begraven den Edelen groot agtbaaren Heer 

1745 Johannes Hebtenbbbg, raad extraordinaris van 

Nederlands India, Gouvemeur en Directeur desea 
Eylands Ceylon en deszelfs onderhorigheden etc. 
Gebooren t'Oudkarspel Ao. 1668, d. 15 April. Obiit 
op Colombo d. 19 Octob. 1725, out 56 jaaren 6 
maanden 4 dagen. 

Arms. — On a fess, between a stag courant in chief 
and three hills in base, three trefoils. 
Crest. — A stag's head. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 231 ; vol. XVII., p. 53.) 

Johannes Hertenberg came out to the Indies in the 
ship De Oroote Vischery as Third Surgeon in 1687. 
He was Commandeur of Galle, 1713, and Governor of 
Ceylon from January 12, 1724. Oudkarspel is a small 
town to the north of Alkmaar , but his birthplace is 
given also as Enkhuyzen. Onderhorigheden is the 
modern " dependencies." 

Removed here from the Fort Dutch Church. 



( 109 ) 



Wolvendaal Burial Ground— cowfi. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


373 .. 


Feb. 22 
1735 


. . Jacob Hals 




Nov. 16 


. . Johannes Adrien Overbeek 




1733 


(grandson) 



Inscription. 
Ter gedagtenisse Van Jacob Hals oudt Capitain der 
Colombose burgerye, geboren tot Amsterdam den 
6 May, amio 1668, overleeden tot Colombo den 22 
February, Ao. 1735, oudt 66 jaaren, 9 maanden en 
17 dagen, mitsds. g. ds. selfs. klynsoon Johans. 
Adbibn Oveebeek, geboren tot Tutucoryn, 
dn. 3 Febry.,Ao. 1725, ovrldn. tot Colbo.dn. 163 
Novr., Ao. 1733, oudt 8 jaaren 9 maanden en 1 
dagen. 

Arms.—Fer fess, in chief a crowned figure consisting 
of a ball covered with two leaves, in base three arrow 
heads fessways and directed vertically downwards 
issuing from the fess line. 

Crest. — ^A helmet between a pair of wings. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., pp. 232, 251, 2-5 
287 ; vol. XVIL.pp. 18, 24 ; vol. XVIII., p. 56.) 

Jacob Hals married, (1) Dominga Suarus at 
Colombo, February 19, 1696. His daughter of this 
marriage, Elisabeth, was the wife of Daniel Overbeek, 
Governor of Ceylon. Hals married, (2) March 15, 
1722, Sophia van Giethoom of Colombo, widow of 
Nicolaas Moor and daughter of Hermanus Albertsz 
van. Giethoorn. 



374 . . Dec. 13 . . Jacobus Wilhelmus Baltha^ 
1736 zarus, Baron von Imhoff 



Jacobo Wilhelmo Balthazabi W. Bar. von Imhoff 
Gtjstav Wilhelm ex Cath. Magdal. Huysman, 
fil. nat. min. plur. da. nat. Batavia 20 Mart, 1735, 
denat. Colombo 13 Decemb. 1736, aetat. mens. 20, 
dies 23 parent, moestiss. pos. 

Arms. — Quarterly of four : 1 and 4, gules, a lion 
marine, or (Imhoff) ; 2 and 3, party per pale, gules and 
argent, an annulet counterchanged (Gundelfinger). 
Over all : an inescutcheon or, on which a crowned 
double-headed eagle displayed, sable. 

Crest. — A crowned double-headed eagle displayed, 
sable. 

The arms on the 16 shields on the sides of the stone 
are as follows : — 

Dexter. 

Imhoff. — (Already blazoned. ) 

Boreel. — Argent, a chevron sable between three 
hunting-horns sable ; on a chief gules a lion passant, 
guardant, or. 

Imhoff. — (Already blazoned.) 

Corel. — Azure, on a mount, a tree or. 

Lewezoven. — Argent, a portcullis gules. 

Coy mans. — Quarterly : 1 and 4 barry of 6, argent 
and azure, on a chief gules, three bessHits or ; 2 and 3, 
or, 3 bulls' heads sable. 

Lewezoven. — (Already blazoned. ) 

Trip. — Gules, 3 pattens or. 

Sinister. 

Huysman. — Per fess, in chief, two prongs argent, 
placed saltire-wise ; in base a bull arrets gules. 

Pelgrom. — Quarterly: (1) argent, a double-headed 
eagle displayed gules, beaked and membered azure ; 
(2) two weasels rampant and affront^, gules ; (3) 
argent, three six-spoked wheels sable; (4) or, a pine 
tree eradicated, vert. 

Waegberg. — Or, a crowned Uon rampant, sable. 

Everson. — Argent, a drake contourn^. 

Hasfeley.—QuaTterly : 1 and 4, argent, a chevron 
between three five-pointed stars ; 2 and 3, argent, 
five billets (2 and 3). 

Pigeon. — Argent, three lance-heads gules. 

Emougher. — Quarterly : 1 and 4 argent, 2 boar 
spears adoss6 ; 2 and 3, argent, a chevron between 
three fieurs-de-Iys. 

Hebert. — ^Argent. 

{Ibid., vol XV., pp. 232, 233, 234, 258, 287; 
vol. XVII., p. 27 ; vol. XVHI., p. 59.) 

Gustaaf Wellem Baron von Imhoff was born at 
Leer on the Eems (Westphalia, East Friesland) on 
August 8, 1705, and was the son of WeUem Hendrik 
Baron von Imhoff and Isabella Sophia Boreel. He 

82-09 



( 110 ) 

Wolvendaal Burial GiouM—contd. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

374 . . Dec. 13 . . Jacobus Wilhelmus Balthazarus, entered the service of the Dutch Bast India Company 
1736 Baron von ImhoS — contd. in 1725 as onderkoopman, was Governor of Ceylon 

July 23, 1736, to March 12, 1740, and appointed 
Governor-General December 2, 1740. On the orders 
of Governor-General Adriaan Valckenier he was 
placed xmder arrest and sent back to Holland, where 
he arrived on September 19, 1741, but the States- 
General confirmed him in his office. He died in 
Batavia, November 1, 1760. He married in 1734 
Catharina Magdalena Huysman (who died at Batavia, 
July 22, 1744), daughter of the Director-General 
Antony Huysman and Johanna Catharina Pelgrom. 
Jacob Wilhelm Balthazar was the only child of this 
marriage. 

The sixteen quarterings on the tombstone are 
explained as follows in the Journal of the Dutch 
Burgher Union of Ceylon, vol. II., p. 91 : — 

Willem Boreel was the son of Jacob Boreel, Burgo- 
master of Bergen-op-Zoom, who died in 1636 at the 
age of 84. He was himself a Burgomaster, viz., of 
Middelburg, and died at Paris, where he was the 
Ambassador, on September 29, 1668, his wife Jacoba 
Carel having predeceased him there on January 17, 
1657. Jacob Boreel, their son, was born on March 1, 
1630, and died on August 21, 1697. He was Burgo- 
master of Amsterdam, and married Isabella Coymans, 
the daughter of Balthazar Coymans and Maria Trip, 
the daughter of Elias Trip, a Director of the Dutch 
East India Company, and Alette Adriaansz. Their 
daughter Isabella Sophia Boreel married WiUem 
Hendriok Baron van Imhoff , " Geheimraad van der 
Vorst van Oostfriesland en Drost van Lieroost." 
These were the parents of the Governor of Ceylon, 
whose wife Catharina Magdalena Huysman derives 
from a family long settled in the East. Antony 
Huysman of Rotterdam sailed for Batavia in 1646 
with his wife Lea van Waesberg, taking with them 
their four children, of whom one was Marten Huys- 
man, born at Rotterdam in 1635. Lea van Waesberg 
died on the voyage, and Antony Huysman at 
Batavia, 1673. Marten Huysman rose to be the 
Director-General of Bengal, where he died in 1684, 
having married at Batavia, 1664, Magdalena 
Chastelyn, born 1644, died at Batavia, 1698. Antony 
Huysman (the son of Marten) was born at Jaffna in 
1668, and died at Batavia, September 19, 1728, as 
Director-General of the Dutch Indies. Johanna 
Catharina Pelgrom of Amsterdam, born October 20, 
1686, was his second wife, he having married her in 
Bengal on October 20, 1686. She was the daughter 
of the " ontvanger generaal " of the Dutch Indies, 
Jacob Jacobszoon Pelgrom (whose mother was SibUla 
Everson) , and Catharina Pigou, ' ' Vrouw der Miljaad." 
The daughter of Antony Huysman was Catharina 
Magdalena Huysman, born in Bengal, June 11, 1708. 
She was married to the Governor of Ceylon (after- 
wards Governor-General) at Ba!tavia, April 20, 1727. 
It may be noted that Lowezoven, Waegberg, Haste- 
ley, Pigeou, and Emougher on the tombstone should 
be Van Levetzow, Waesberg, Chastelyn, Pigou, and 
De Moucheron. 

375 . . Dec. 19 . . Josina Jacoba Crytsman . . Hier lyden rust mejuffrouw Josina Jacoba van 
1736 Wynbbegen huysvrouw van het Ponnecail's hoofd 

Johannes Ferdinandtts Crytsman. Geboren 
den 22 September, Ao. 1709. Overleden den 19 
December, 1736. Out 27 jaaren 2 maanden en 28 
daagen. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., pp. 231, 232, 256, 
286; vol. XVIL, pp. 17, 26.) 

Josina Jacoba Wynbergen was born in The Hague, 
and was married to Johannes Ferdinandus Crytsman 
at Colombo on May 15, 1735. Johannes Ferdinandus 
Crytsman, born at Colombo in 1709, was the son of 
Johannes Crytsman of Breslau, Commissioner of the 
Arecanut Department, Colombo, by his fourth wife 
Gertruida de Haau. "Ponnecail's hoofd" means 
Chief of Pondekayl, a small Dutch mttloment in those 
days to the south of Tutucorin. 



( 111 



Wolvendaal Burial Ground— cow^c?. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 




376 .. 


Dec. 27 


. Diederiek Christiaan 


van 




1741 


Domburgh 





377 



Oct. 13 
1749 



Richard van Minnen 



378 



Feb. 26 
1752 



Geraard Johan Vreland 



379 



Aug. 10 
1755 

July 30 
1755 



Anna Henrietta Loten 

Albert Anthoni Cornells van 
der Brughen 



Inscription. 
Hier onder legt en rust het lyk van den Jonkheer 
DiERK. Cheistit. vn. DoMBimGH eenigste soon van 
den Eden. Hear Mr. Didertk van Dombuegh, in 
leven Gouverneur en Directr. van't Byland Ceylon 
met dies resorts en Mevrwe. Euphemia Engelbert 
egteleeden. Geboren in't Casteel Colombo den 
4en. October, Ao. 1734. Overleeden den 27en. 
December, 1741 , oud zynde 7 jaaren, 2 maenden en 
23 dagen. 

Arms. — Quarterly of four : 1 and 4, harry of six, 
argent and gules ; 2 and 3, argent, three fishes ranged 
fessways, embowed, and haurient. 

Crest. — A fish's head (?) between a pair of wings. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 231 ; vol. 
XVII., pp. 17, 63.) 

Diederiek van Domburg was born in Utrecht in 
1685, being the son of the Raadsheer Cornells van 
Domburg. He was Governor of Ceylon from January 
21, 1734, to Jixne 7, 1736. Euphemia Engelbert was 
born on March 4, 1711, being the daughter of 
Heinrich Engelbert (van Beveroorde). Met dies 
resorts, i.e., with the dependencies thereof. 

Removed here from the Fort Dutch Church. 
Hier rust den opperkoopman en Ceylons hoofd 
administrateur D. E. Heer Richard van Minnen, 
gebooren te Amersvoort den 6 November, Ao. 1706. 
Overleeden den 13 Octbr., 1749, oud Z3mde 42 
jaaren 11 maanden en 7 dagen. 

Arms. — Party per pale , ( 1 ) half of the double-headed 
eagle displayed issuing from the pale line ; (2) per 
fess, 6 rosebuds, three in chief and three in base. 

Crest. — A double-headed eagle displayed. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., pp. 234, 285 ; vol. XVII., pp. 18, 32.) 

Removed here from the Fort Dutch Church. 

Richard van Minnen was married, (1) November 29, 
1739, to Johanna Hester Mooyaarfc, the eldest 
daughter of Anthony Mooyastrt, Commandeur of 
Jaffna, and Elisabeth Ursula Woutersz, and, (2) 
November 27, 1743, to Rachel Steiger of Batavia, 
who died August 15, 1776, after having contracted 
two marriages , one with Warner Berghuys of Jaffna, 
and another with David Boelen of Amsterdam. 
Amersvoort is a town in the Province of Utrecht. 

Hier rust het lyk van den Wei Edele Groot Agtbaare 
Heer Geraard Johan Vreland , raad extraordinair 
van Nederlands India, Gouverneur en Directeur 
van het eyland Ceylon, de custe Madure en de 
verdere onderhoorigheden. Gebooren tot Utrecht 
den 24 September, Ao. 1711. Overleeden tot 
Colombo den 26 February, Ao. 1752, oud zynde 
40 jaaren 5 maanden en 2 dagen. 

Arms. — On a mount three trees ranged fesswise. 
Crest. — A tree, as in the arms. 
{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 234; vol. XVII., pp. 17, 18,44; 
vol. XVIII., p. 408.) 

Removed here from the Fort Dutch Church in 1813. 

Gerard Johan Vreeland came out to the Indies in 
1739 in the Knappenhoff as an assistent. He wtis 
the son of Gerard Vreeland and Petronella van 
Romont. He married Susanna Petronella Visboom, 
born in Colombo, 1687, the daughter of Marcus 
Visboom of Colombo and Cornelia van Wynbergen, 
and granddaughter of Johannes Visboom of Amster- 
dam, Commissioner of the Aiecanut Department, 
and Anna Margarita Mazius of Cochin. Vreeland 
was Governor of Ceylon from March 6, 1751. 
(See No. 384.) 

Hier verwachten eene verheerlykte opstandinge de 
sterfelyke overblyf sels van wylen de welgeboore 
vrouwe Anna Henrietta van Beaumont gemaa- 
linnevan Joan Gideon Loten, raad ordinair van 
Nederlands India, Gouverneur van't Eyland Ceylon 
met dies onderhoorighed en. Gebooren aan Caap de 
Goede Hoop den 13 November, 1716, in den eght 



( 112 ) 



Wolvendaal Burial Ground— cow^c?. 



Serial No. 
379 .. 



Date. 

Aug. 10 
1755, &c. 



Name. 

Anna Henrietta Loten, &c. 

— contd. 



380 



March 29 

1760 
May 29 

1759 



Susanna Engelberta Sehreu- 
der 

Huybert Joan Schreuder 



Inscription. 



381 



May 24 
1761 

Sept. 14 
1761 

Dec. 9 
1761 



Susanna Adriana Moens . . 
Petronella Adriana Moens 
Johannes Godefridus Moens 



getreeden te Batavia den 24 Augustus, 1733, en 
ontslaapen te Colombo den 10 Augustus, 1755 
Als meede van haar welgeboorens eenige doghter's 
zoontje Job. Albebt Anthoni Coknelis van dek 
Bbughen te Colombo gebooren den 24en. Maart, 
1754, en overleden den 30 July, 1755. 

Arms.— Party per pale: (1) {Loten) Or, 3 buds 
vert, ranged 2 and 1, the stalks of the two in chief 
issuing from the bud in base ; (2) (van Beaumont) 
(already blazoned). 

Crest. — A pair of wings. 

(Journal, E.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., pp. 229, 235; 
vol. XVII., pp. 16, 18; vol. XIX., pp. 217-271.) 

Removed here from the Port Dutch Church. 

Anna Henrietta van Beaumont was the daughter of 
Comelis van Beaumont, Independent Fiscaal, Cape, 
and Deliana Blesius. 

Joan Gideon Loten, " the naturalist Governor of 
Ceylon," was a native of Utrecht, where he was bom 
on May 16, 1710, being the son of Jan Carel Loten 
and Maria Aartsen van Juchem. He married (2) in 
Bansted (Surrey), July 4, 1766, Letitia Cotes, 
daughter of Rev. Dr. Digby Cotes and Elisabeth 
Bannister. He died in Utrecht on February 25, 
1789, and his second wife on June 11, 1810, at New 
Burlington street, London. She was niece to the 
Coxmtess of Northington, and granddaughter of 
William, Lord Digby of Coleshill, Warwickshire, 
Prebendary of Litchfield and Principal of Magdalen 
Hall, Oxford. Dirk WUlem van der Brughen of 
Bergen-op-Zoom (North Brabant) married in Batavia, 
July 19, 1752, Amoldina Deliana Cornelia Loten of 
Samarang, the daughter of the Governor. Albert 
Anthoni Cornells van der Brughen was a son of this 
marriage. Loten was Governor of Ceylon from 
September 30, 1752, to March 17, 1757. 

Hier onder rusten de lyken van de welgeboore 
jonkvrouw Susanna Engelbebta Schbeudek geb. 
te Souratta den 30 April, 1743, en overl. te Colombo 
den 29 Maart, 1760, en jonkheer Htttbebt Joan 
SoHEEUDEE, geb. te Colombo den 4en. Febr. 1759 
en gest. den 29 Mey desselven jaars, benevens nog 
een jong geboore dogtertje, kinderen van Joan 
ScHEEtTDEE, raad extraordin. van Nederl. India, 
Gouverneur en Directeur van't Byland Ceylon met 
dies onder horigheden. 

Arms. — A sheaf of three branches, two saltire- and 
one pale-ways. 

Crest. — ^A branch as in the arms, between a pair of 
wings. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 235.) 

Removed here from the Fort Dutch Church. 

Joan Schreuder was bom in Hamburg on February 
12, 1704, and died in Batavia January 16, 1764. He 
married in Batavia (as widower of Johanna Gode- 
frieda de la Fontaine), on May 12, 1737, Maria 
WUhelmina Lammens of Cloosterzande, aged 25 years. 
Schreuder was Governor of Ceylon from March 17, 
1757, to November 11, 1762. 

A daughter of Governor Schreuder's, Wilhelmina 
Johanna, married (1) Dirk van der Sluys, and (2) 
Reynier van Vlissingen, the Dutch Governor of Coro- 
mandel. She died in 1804. 

Hier legt begraaven Susanna Adbiana Potkbn huis- 
vTouw van den onderkoopman en oud eerste clerq 
van Politie Ahriaan Moens gebooren te Colombo 
den 27 Augs., 1726, en daar overleeden den 24 Meyr 
1761,nevens hun dogtertje Pbteonblla Adbiana 
gebooren te Colombo den 30 April, 1760, en daar 
overleeden den 14 Septembr. 1761, en zoontje 
Johannes Godefridus gebooren te Colombo den 
7 Mey, 1761, en daar overleeden den 9 December 
daaraan. 



( 113 ) 



Wolvendaal Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


381 .. 


May 24 . 
1761. &c. 


. Susanna Adriana Moens, &e, 

contd. 



382 



April 1 
1765 



Lubbert Jan Baron van Eck 



383 



April 2 

1768 

May 3 
1765 



Sara Maria Moens 
Adriana Maria Moens 



Inscription. 

— Arms : Dexter shield (Moens, already blazoned). 
Sinister shield.— Ov , a pot 

Arms round the shields. 

Potken. — (As above.) 
Munts. — Argent, a pelican in her piety. 
Ecoma. — A female head between four bells (?). 
Van der Putte. — Gules, three annulets or. 

(Journal, R.A.S.,C.B., vol. XV., pp. 230,236,261; 
vol. XVII., pp. 16, 19, 27, 28 ; vol. XVIII., p. 72.) 

Susanna Adriana Potken was the daughter of Rev. 
Gerrardus Potken of Oldenzaal (Overysel) and Sophia 
Magdalena Ecoma. She was first married to Rev. 
Mattheus Wermelskircher. Rev. Gerrardus Potken 
was evidently the son of Gabriel Potken and Agnita. 
Muntz. Gerrard Willem Stork (from whom the Stork 
family of Ceylon derive). Burgomaster of Oldenzaal, 
married, in 1717, Agnita Potken, the daughter of 
Gabriel Potken and Agnita Muntz. Adriaan Moens 
was a native of Middelburg. 

Hier legt begraven de Hoog Welgeboren Heer 
Ltjbbert Jan Baeon van Eck, Heer van Overbeek, 
raad extraordr. van Nederlands India, Gouverneur 
en Directeur van het Eyland Ceylon met dies on- 
derhorigheeden, hier te Colombo overleden den 
1 April, 1765, nae van bevorens het genoegzaam 
ontoegankelyk en door de natur als onverwinnelyk 
ryk van Candia met dies hoofdstad in perzoon voor 
de Compagnie ingenomen en dies Koning op de 
vlugt verdreeven te hebben. 

Arms. — Party per pale vert and gules, a bend 
argent. 

Supporters. — Two lions or, langued gules, re- 
guardant. 

Motto. — " Vincere aut mori." 

(Ihid., vol. XV., p. 236; vol. XVII., p. 19; vol. 
XVIIL, pp. 63, 73, 118.) 

Removed here from the Fort Dutch Church. 
Lubbert Jan Baron van Eck was bom at Velp, a 
village in Gelderland, east of Arnhem, on March 26, 
1719. He was the son of Samuel Baron van Eck and 
Jacoba Wilhelmina Maria Coutis. Van Eck was 
Governorof Ceylon from November 11, 1762, to May 13, 
1765. The principal event during his administration 
was the invasion of Kandy by the Dutch, referred 
to in the epitaph. 

Hier legt begraven Saba Maria Raket huysvrouw 
van den opperkoopman en zoldy boekhouder 
Adriaan Moens, geboren te JafEanapatnam den 
13 May, 1734, en te Colombo overleeden den 2 
April, 1768, neevens hun dogtertje Adriana Maria 
geboren te Colombo den 25 April, 1765, en daar 
overleeden den 3 Mey daaraan. 

Arms : JJexter shield (Moens). — Gules, a chevron 
or between three trefoils argent. 

Sinister shield (Raket). — A cross engrailed sable, 
cantoned ( 1 and 4) by two pairs of antlers sable. 

Side shields. 

Rahet. — (As above.) 

Sandra. — Quarterly of ioxvc. 1 and 4 barry of 
four 2 and 3 argent, a lion rampant. 

Surtout. — An inescutcheon charged with the sun in 
his splendour. 

Swinnas. — Argent, on a mount a tree and a stag (?) 
courant. 

Verwyk. — ^Argent, in chief, between two palms, 
a house, approached by an avenue of palms. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., pp. 230, 236, 264; vol. XVII., 
pp. 16, 19; vol. XVIIL, p. 73.) 

Sara Maria Raket was the second wife of Adriaan 
Moens (married on May 22, 1763). She was probably 
the daughter of Jan Helfrig Raket, Chief of Mannar, 
1743, and Magdalena Swinnas. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


384 .. 


Oct. 4 
1768 


. . Pieter Libert Schmidt 



( 114 ) 

Wolvendaal Burial Ground — contd. 

Inscription. 

. . Hier rust Pieter Libert Schmidt, opperkoopmair 
en Ceilons hoofd Administrateur. Geboren te 
Utrecht, d. 15 Maart, 1723, overleeden d. 4 
October, 1768. 

Arms. — Party per fess, azure and gules, iu chief 
three roses, in base three stars (5). 

Crest. — A rose (?) between a pair of wings. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 230; voL 
XVII., p. 17.) 

Removed here from the Fort Dutch Church. 

Pieter Libert Schmidt was married on July 4, 1758, 
to Susanna Petronella Visboom, widow of Gerard 
Johan Vreeland. (See No. 378.) 

385 . . June 22 . . Agnita Clara van de Graaff Hier rust vrouwe Agnita Clara Samlandt waarde 
1773 en seer geliefde egtgenoot van Willem Jacob van 

DE Graafi' opperkoopman en secunde van Komps. 
Etavelissement en op de Mallabaar. Gebooren 
den 29 Deoembr., 1745, overleeden den 22 Juny,. 
1773. 

Arms : Dexter shield ( Van de Gfraaff). — Argent, 
two fesses battled-counter-embattled sable, on a 
canton or, a double eagle displayed of the second. 

Sinister shield (Samlandt). — Gules between a beam 
(?) or fess ways, three standing pillars or. 

Arms on the side shields. 

Samlandt. — (As above.) 

Emans. — Vert, two standing pillars or, the upper 
part of the sinister pillar falling behind the other. 

Bierens. — Argent, three bells 

Toorse. — Party per pale, (1) argent two escallops 
placed palewise ; (2) per fess argent and gules, in chief 
a fess battled-counter-battled. 

(Ihid., vol. XV., pp. 226, 240, 248; vol., XVII.„ 
pp. 15, 26, 47, 51, 67; vol. XVIII., pp. 69, 70.) 

Removed here from the Fort Dutch Church. 

Willem Jacob van de Graaff (bom May 28, 1737, at 
Huysen in Gelderland) was the son of Sebastiaan van 
de Graaff (born 1705 at Rotterdam, died 1767 at 
Leerdam), a Major in the Dragoons, and Gertruida van 
Vinceler, and grandson of Cornells van de Graaff (bom 
1647 at Dordrecht, died 1729 at Portsmouth, as 
Commander of the frigate Starrenburg) and Anna 
Lucia van Lidth de Jeude. He was Governor of 
Ceylon from February 7, 1785, to August 1, 1794 
Agnita Clara Samlandt was the first wife of the- 
Governor, the marriage having taken place in Galle 
on March 7, 1762. She was the daughter of Abraham 
Samlandt, Commandeur of Galle, and Maria Agnita 
Bierens, the daughter of Dirk Bierens and Catharina 
Toorzee, and granddaughter of Jan Bierens of Amster- 
dam, Chief of Madura, and Anthonica Magnus. 
Abraham Samlandt was the son of Barent Samlandt 
and Johanna Clara Erhans, and grandson of Barent 
Barentsz Samlandt of Haarlem and Hester Schatteman. 

386 .. April 22 .. Gerard Reynier de Cock .. Den22April,Ao. 1777, is hier ter rust gelegt Gerard 

1777 Reynier de Cock onderkoopman en als gewezen 

Gaalse erste pakhuysmeester naar Nederland 
veriest. 

Arms. — Argent, a unicorn 

{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 237 ; vol. XVII., p. 19.) 

387 . . June 15 . . Henrietta Tugendreicli, Den 15 Juny, Ao. 1778, is hier ter ruste gelegt 

1778 Baroness de Reder Henrietta Tugendreioh Baronesse de Rbdee 

beminde egt-genoote van Cobnelis de Cock, 
opperkoopman en Dessave der Colombosche omme- 
landen. 

Ommelanden (lit. , sxirrounding lands) was the name 
given to the low lands of the Province of Groningen, 
to distinguish them from the city. The whole is 
known as Groningen en ommelanden or Stad en Land 
van Groningen. The Dutch seem to have adopted the 
expression in Ceylon. Cf. also Gommandeur der Stad 
en Landen van Gale. 

Arms. — Argent, an eight-spoked wheel. 
Supporters. — ^Two unicorns. 



( 115 ) 



Wolvendaal Burial Ground— contd. 



Serial No. 
387 .. 



Date. 
June 15 

1778 



Name. 

Henrietta Tugendreich, Baron- 
ess de Reder — contd. 



388 



June 15 
1781 



Susanna Philipsz 



389 



Sept. 9 

1782 



Judith Charlotta Mekern 



390 



Feb. 6 

1785 



Iman Willem Falek 



Inscription. 
Crest. — A wheel, as in the shield. 

(Journal, E.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., pp. 237, 260; voL 
XVII., pp. 19, 28 ; vol. XVIII., p. 63.) 

Cornells de Cock, Private Secretary (1766) to 
Governor Falck, was a native of Embden (Hanover), 
and married at Colombo, February 1, 1766, Henrietta 
Tugendreich , Baroness de Reder of Liohnitz. She was 
no doubt the daughter of Friedrich Wilhelm, Baron de 
Reder, Commandant of Jaffna, and sister of Constantia 
Agnita and Maria Helena Classina de Reder. 

Constantia Agnita, Baroness de Reder, was born at 
Zutphen(Gelderland), September 13, 1741, and married 
at Batavia, January 23, 1763, Dr. Christiaan Rose 
of Neu-Riippin (Middelmark, Brandenburg), Comman- 
deur of Jaffna. Maria Helena Classina, Baroness de 
Reder of Zutphen , was married ( 1 ) to Thomas Thornton , 
Chief of Calpentyn, and (2) at Colombo, January 21 
1770, to General Arnoldus Franckena of Yselmtmden 
(a small town south of Rotterdam). 

Den 15 Juny, 1781, is hier ter ruste gelegt 't leyk van 
mejufirouw Susanna Schaeff waarde huysYrouw 
van den Predikant alhier Heneictjs Philipsz. 

Arms.- — AzuJi, a dexter hand holding a sabre. 

Crest. — An arm, as in the shield. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., pp. 237, 239 ; vol. XVII., pp. 19, 
20, 29, 31.) 

Jan Christoffel Scharff of Sangerhausen (Upper 
Saxony, Thuringia) married at Colombo, March 21, 
1734, Elisabeth de Saram of Colombo. Their 
daughter Susanna was baptized at Colombo, Decem- 
ber 8, 1743, and married there on November 4, 1759, 
Rev. Henrious Philipsz. 

Hier rust Judith Chaelotta Levee in leeven 
huysvrouw van Maetintjs Mekben, opperkoopman 
en opperhoofd van Tutukoryn. Geboren te 
Bergen-opden-Zoom den 11 Januari, 1753, en over- 
laden te Kolombo den 9 September, 1782. 

Arms : Dexter shield (Mekern). — Argent, three 
greyhounds courant. 

Crest. — A bird. 

Sinister shield. — On a fess, between a horse coiirant 
in chief and six besants 3.2.1 in base, ten besants 
ranged fessways. 

Crest. — A horse's head. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., pp. 238, 240, 241, 271, 272; 
vol. XVII., pp. 20, 67.) 

Removed here from the Fort Dutch Church. 

Martinus Mekern was a native of Groningen, and 
married Judith Charlotta Lever at Colombo on March 
29, 1772. Their daughters Eva and Anna Helena were 
the wives of Johann Friedrich Conradi of HUdersheim 
(Treves) and Lieutenant (Navy) Perius Muntz of 
Harlingen (Friesland). Bergen-op-den-Zoom (Bergen- 
op-Zoom) is a town in North Brabant, 23 miles south- 
west of Breda. 

Hier is ter ruste gelegd 't lyk van den wel Edelen 
grootagtbaaren Heer Mr. Iman Willem Falck, 
Raad Ordinair van Nederlands India, Gouvemeur 
en Direeteur van 't eiland Ceilon en resort van dien. 
Grebooren te Kolombo in den jaare 1736, en over- 
ledenden6Febr.,1785. 

Arms. — Gules,' a falcon with wings expanded or. 
Crest. — A falcon, as in the arms. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., pp. 238, 239, 255; vol. XVIL, 
pp. 20, 25, 47, 68 ; vol. XVIIL, pp. 73, 75, 76.) 

Removed here from the Fort Dutch Church. 

Iman Willem Falck was the son of Frans Willem 
Falck of Keulen, Dissave of Matara, and Adriana 
Gobius of Samarang, the daughter of Johan Frederick 
Gobius , Governor of Malacca, and Margaritha Elisabeth 
Heynen. Iman Willem Falck married in Batavia, 
February 19, 1763, Theodora Rudolphina de Wendt 
of Batavia , daughter of the Brigadier Gerardiis Bylanus 
de Wendt and Johanna Wilhelmina Muntz. Falck 
was Governor of Ceylon from August 9, 1765. 



( 116 



Wolvendaal Burial Ground — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


390 .. 


Feb. 6 




1785 



Name. 
Iman Willem Falck — contd. 



Inscription. 
Ter gedagtenisse van den Wei Edelen groot agtbaaren 
Heer Iman Willem Falck, in 't leeven Raad Ord., 
van Nederlands Indien, Gouvemeur en Directeur 
van 't eiland Ceylon en resorte van dien. Geb. te 
Kolumbo den 25 Maart, Ao^ 1736, overleeden te- 
Kolumbo den 6 Feb., Ao. 1785. 
A wooden hatchment ( Wapenbord). 



391 



July 4 
1789 



Catharina Camp 



392 



May 19 
1790 



Rev. Henricus Phillpsz 



Hier rust ter algemeene opstanding mejuffr. Catha- 
rina Bosch in haar Edel. leven gelievde egtgenote 
van den Eerw. Heer Chbistianits Camp. Was- 
gebooren te Amsterdam den 12 December, 1747, 
alhier ontslaapen den 4 July, 1789, in den ouderdom 
41 jaaren 6 maanden en 22 dagen. 

Op Jesus 't vaste fondament 
Haar hoop alleen was heengewent. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., pj 239 ; voL 
XVII., p. 32.) 

En den wel Eerwaarde Heer Heneicits Philtpsz 
leeraar in de gereformeerde gemeente alliier. Ge- 
boren den Ao. 1733, en, na een 32 jaarig predik- 
ampt, overleden den 19 May, 1790. 

Artns. — Argent, a naked woman standing with her 
left arm over the back of a unicorn passant and 
brochant sur le tout. In base the word yiXXfTcrco?. 

Crest. — Out of a coronet a unicorn's head. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., pp. 237, 238, 239, 241, 242 ; voL 
XVII., pp. 20, 21 ; vol. XVIII., pp. 72, 77.) 

Rev. Henricus Phihpsz was the son of Lienege 
Philip Philipsz Wijecoon Panditaratne, Maha Mudali- 
yar. He was educated at the Colombo Seminary, and 
afterwards sent to Holland with Willem Jurgen 
Ondaatje. 

They both studied at Utrecht. PhiKpsz was in 
Amsterdam before he left for Utrecht, as appears 
from his "attestation" dated October 5, 1752. He 
returned to Ceylon with W. J. Ondaatje, and was 
stationed at Colombo as Predikant. He preached 
in Sinhalese and Dutch. 

Philipsz married at Colombo, November 4, 1759, 
Susanna Scharff. Their son Gerardus Phihpsz was 
also educated in Holland, and returned to Ceylon as 
Predikant. He married on July 29, 1792, Johanna 
Adriana van Dort. Cornelia Henrica Philipsz, the 
daughter of Henricus Philipsz, married (1) July 26, 
1789, AdoliDh Marten Heyman of Leeuwestein (Fran- 
conia), and (2) October 20, 1793, Christof!el de Saram 
Wanigesekera Ekenaike, fourth Maha MudaUyar, 
the son Of Domingo de Saram Wanigesekera 
Ekenaike. 



393 . . 1790 Cornelia Reyniera Fretz . . 

1806 . . Johanna Catharina Hen- 
rietta Meyer 



Overl. Ao. 1790. Hier onder rusten Cornelia 
Reyniera Fretz, gebooren vanSanden, Johanna 
Catharina Henrietta Meyer en haare breeder, 
Ao. 1806 overl. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., pp. 240, 269, 270.) 

Dietrich Thomas Fretz, the last Commandeur of 
Galle, and husband of Cornelia Beyniera van Sanden 
of Jaffna, was the son of Jan Frans Fretz of Hessen 
and Anna Gertruida Herpel. 

Johanna Catharina Henrietta Meyer, bom at 
Colombo, 1800, was the daughter of Rev. David 
Meyer of Ham (Westphalia) and Justina Susanna 
Fretz, the daughter of Diederich Thomas Fretz of 
St. Goar (Hesse-Nassau), Commandeur of Galle, and 
Cornelia Reyniera van Sanden of Jaffna, and grand- 
daughter of Jan Frems Fretz of Hesse and Anna 
Gertruida Herpel. The brother referred to in the 
epitaph was perhaps Diederich Thomas Meyer, bom 
in 1797. 

Diederich Thomas Fretz married (2) Gertruida 
Henrietta Bartels of Tutucorin, the daughter o£ 
Jeronymus Bartels and Natalia Gomes. 



( 117 ) 



Wolvendaal Burial Ground, Colombo— cow^cZ. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


394 .. 


June 18 


. Christina Elizabetli van de 




1792 


Graaff 



395 



June 18 
1792 



Christina Elizabeth van de 
GraafI 



396 



Feb. 13 
1793 



Jakomina van Angelbeek 



397 



£ 



Inscription. 
Hier rust vrouwe Christina Elizabeth van Angel- 
beek waarde en zeer geliefde egtgenoote van 
WiLLEM Jakob van de Graaff raad-ordinair van 
Nederlands India en Gouverneur van Geilon. 
Geboren den 30 January, 1756, en overleeden den 
18Juny, 1792. 

Arms : Dexter shield {Van de Oraaff). — Already 
blazoned. 

Sinister shield {an Anglebeek). — Party per fess, 
barry-wavy of 4, azure and sable, in chief, three fish- 
hooks fessways, the points turned to the sinister. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., pp. 226, 240, 
241 ; vol. XVII., pp. 23, 26, 47, 67 ; vol. XVIII., pp. 
69, 70.) 

Willem Jacob van de Graafi, born May 28, 1737, 
was the son of Captain Sebastiaan van de Graaff and 
Gertruida van Viaceler. His brother was Adriaan 
Sebastiaan van de Graafi, " Directeur der Cultures 
op Ceylon," who was married to Maria Agnita Baatke, 
daughter of the Commandant of Jaffna. A sister, 
Anna Lucia, who died in Ceylon, 1791, was the wife 
of Johan Hendrik Willem de Ranitz. Another sister, 
Maria Aletta, was the wife of Johan Christiaan van 
Angelbeek, son of Johan Gerrard van Angelbeek and 
Jacomina Lever. A niece of Willem Jakob van de 
Graafi, Agnita Clara, was married to Friedrich 
Heinrich Baron von Mylius, who died in Matara, 
August 14, 1807, as Judge of the Provincial Court of 
Galle. Christina Elizabeth van Angelbeek, the second 
wife of Willem Jakob van de Graaff, was the sister of 
his brother-in-law. 

Removed here from the Fort Dutch Church. 

Ter gedachtenis van Vrouwe Christina Elizabeth 
van Angelbeek, gemaaten van den Heer Willem 
Jakob van de Graaff, Raad-Ordinair van 
Nederlands Indien, Gouverneur en Directeur van 
Ceylon. Gebooren den 30 Jan., 1756. Gestorven 
den (18) Juny, 1792. 

Arms. — ^Van de Graafi and van Angelbeek impaled. 
A wooden hatchment. 

This was erected in 1805 in Wolvendaal Church by 
the Hon. George MelvUle Leslie, Paymaster-General 
(1802-7), son of the Earl of Leven and Melville, who 
had married at Colombo on November 27, 1802, 
Jacomina Gertruida, daughter of Governor van de 
Graaff. She was born in 1787, so that she was fifteen 
at the time of her marriage. She had a daughter, 
Marie Christina, at Colombo, November 10, 1803. A 
brother of Governor van de Graaff of Ceylon, Cornehs 
Jacob van de Graaff, was Governor of the Cape. 
A daughter of his married Baron F. Mylius, who died 
at Matara in 1807. 

Ter gedachtenis van Vrouwe Jakomina Lever 
echtgenoote van den Heer Johan Gerard van 
Angelbeek, Raad-Ordinair van Indien, Gouver- 
neur van Malabar. Gebooren aan de Kaap de 
Groede Hoop den 18 Augt., 1732. Overleeden te 
Kolumbo den 13 Eebr., 1793. 

Arm,s. — Van Angelbeek and Lever impaled. 

A wooden hatchment. 

This was also erected by the Hon. George Melville 
Leslie in 1805. 

It is ctirious that very little is known genealogically 
of Johan Gerard van Angelbeek. He was a native of 
West Friesland, and came out to the Indies in the ship 
Schakenbos as a Cadet in 1751. Jakomina Lever was 
the daughter of Abraham Lever of Amsterdam and 
Margarita Paasen. Van Angelbeek was Governor of 
Ceylon from August 1, 1794. 

The Family Vault of 
Capt. Gaxiltebus Schneider. 
Buried : 
Louisa Maria van Conrady, Granddaughter of 
Capt. Schneider, died 28th January, 1817. Aged 
7 months and 4 days. A son of Baron van 
Conrady and Grandson of Capt. S.. died 16th 

82-^9 



( 118 ) 

Wolvendaal Burial Ground, Colombo — contd. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

397 — contd. .. .. .. May, 1818. Aged 3 days. Johanna Geetrttyda 

Baroness van Conrady, eldest daughter of Capt. 
S. , died 21st July, 1822. Aged 24 years 8 months 
16 days. Henby Schneideb. Eoosmalb Cocq, 
Grandson of Capt. S., died 4th December, 1829. 
Aged 2 years 7 months. Sophia Magadalena 
Schneider, well beloved wife of Capt. S., died 
20th Deer., 1830. Aged 30 years 8 months and 
29 days. Charles Fredrick Baron van Con- 
rady, Son-in-law of Capt. S., died 11th January, 
1833. Aged 57 years 4 months and 8 days. 
Stephen Hendrick Roosmale Cocq, Son-in-law 
of Capt. S., died 29th May, 1833. Aged 40 years 
4 months 11 days. 

Captain Schneider was born at Jaffna, November 
23, 1772, and died at Colombo, September 10, 1841. 
He was a son of Lieutenant Johan Hendrik Schneider 
of Kirchheim, Hesse Cassel (who was born July 15, 
1753, and died at Chilaw), by his wife Christina 
Elizabeth Schoorman, who was born on June 1, 1749, 
and died January 29, 1779. Captain Schneider 
married (1), February 5, 1797, Sophia Magdalena 
Staats, who was born on March 21, 1780, and died 
on December 20, 1830. She was a daughter of 
Jacobus WiUielmus Staats and Anna Gertruida Runs- 
dorff. His eldest daughter married Baron Charles 
von Conrady on February 7, 1813, at Colombo. He 
at first held a Commission in the 60th Regiment, but 
was gazetted 1st Lieutenant, 3rd Ceylon, on March 
20, 1806, and was appointed to the command of 
Kalutara, November 1, 1808, and to be Fort Adjutant 
of Matara, TangaUa, and Hambantota on September 
5, 1812. His second daughter, Maria Henrietta, born 
November 10, 1805, married on September 14, 1817, 
S. H. Roosmale Cocq, who was Sitting Magistrate of 
Kalutara from 1823 to 1827, and of' Negombo from 
1827 until his death. He was a son of Pieter Jacobus 
Roosmale Cocq of Dokhum in Friesland, Sitting 
Magistrate of Ambalangoda (see No. 332). 

Captain Schneider married (2), on May 19, 1831, i.e., 
five months after the death of his first wife, Elizabeth 
Catherine Stewart, daughter of James Titterton (see 
No. 112). He had been in the Dutch service, and 
took charge of the Colonial Engineer's and Sxu'veyor- 
General's Department on the departure of George 
Atkinson in 1810. Atkinson retired January 1, 1811, 
and Schneider succeeded him, holding the appoint- 
ment imtil the arrival of P. B. Norris in 1833. He 
wrote a report on the tanks in the Wanny in 1807, 
and also one on the Galle, Matara, and Hambantota 
Districts in 1808, and was the compiler of the "first 
map of Ceylon of any value in the British period." 
Spence Hardy praises him: "A name we cannot 
mention without a record of the high respect in which 
he was held by all classes in the Colony. In his 
attendance at worship, including an early morning 
service, he was most exemplary. To all places he was 
accompanied by a half-wit, who quietly remained at 
the door imtil his master's return, however long the 
detention or late the hour." (" Jubilee Memorials," 
p. 80.) 

The Wesleyan Missionaries presented him in 1817 
with a silver cup bearing a suitable inscription, as a 
memorial of his " services in superintending the 
erection of the Wesleyan Mission Estate in Colombo." 

His first wife, too, was the subject, even at a 
comparatively mature period of its career, when it was 
becoming more official and matter of fact, of a long 
and eulogistic notice in the Gazette, which contains 
the following obituary : — 

"At Grand Pass on Monday Morning the 20th 
Instant, Mrs. S. M. Schneider, the Wife of Captain 
Schneider, Colonial Engineer and Sm^veyor-General. 

" The many excellencies which shone in the charac- 
ter of this Lady and so eminently adorned the sphere 
in which she moved, demand from her bereaved 
family and friends something more than a passing 
tribute of regret. 



( 119 ) 

Wolvendaal Burial Ground, Colombo— cowM. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

a97 — contd. . . . . . . <' Mrs. Schneider was a bright example of all the 

amiable qualities of her sex, gentle and unobtrusive, 
yet accomplished and prepossessing in her manners, 
she uniformly obtained the respect and esteem of 
strangers; whilst fidehty, affection, and watchful 
solicitude rendered her in no ordinary degree the 
object of admiration and endearment in the domestic 
circle. Nor can the truly charitable disposition of the 
deceased be lost sight of. Providence had placed this 
excellent Lady in affluent circumstances, and she 
experienced the highest gratification in relieving the 
destitute and comfortiag the sorrowful. Amongst 
the numerous survivors whom her lamented death has 
overwhelmed with grief there are not wanting the 
poor and the afflicted, whose distress and calamities 
her kindness and bounty have often soothed and 
mitigated. 

" Another distinguished trait in Mrs. Schneider's 
character was the genuineness and permanence of her 
friendship. Her esteem was not rashly tendered, but 
when once obtained, nothing but baseness or ingrati- 
tude coxild ever remove it. She was no " summer 
friend," but adhered to those whose worth she knew 
in the winter of their troubles as well as in the sun- 
shine of their prosperity. 

" For the last two or three years of her life, Mrs. 
Schneider was seldom free from suffering, but 
resignation to the will of Heaven has rarely been 
more steadily and perseveringly displayed. As her 
end approached, she earnestly sought the deep and 
holy comforts of rehgion. Nor did she seek in vain. 
Her confidence in the Redeemer was distinctly 
expressed, and with a mind at Peace with God and all 
her fellow-creatures, she calmly sunk into the sleep 
of death. 

" Her memory wiU long be cherished with deep 
regret and melancholy tenderness . " ( Gazette , Decem- 
ber 25, 1830.) 

There appear to have been three families named 
Von Conrady in Ceylon. The others were represented 
by Johan Priedrich Conradiof Kirchheim, 1776-1802, 
and Carl August Conrady of Kirchheim, 1802-1808. 
Probably these two were brothers, and aU three 
families were connected. (See No. 101.) 

398 . . 1822 . . Johanna Jacoba Palm (born Hier onder rast Johanna Jacoba Palm, geb. Boo- 

Boogaard) gaard, overl. 1822 in troostvolle verzekering van't 

eeuwig wederzien in haar lykheid betreuren wy 
achtergelaten niet als hoopeloozen hetzy belyke 
verlifE deeze dierbare beminde huysvrouw en 
waardege moeder, oud 38 jaaren, van Rotterdam. 
(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 241.) 

Johanna Jacoba Boogaard was the wife of the Rev. 
Johan David Pahn, a German, who started life as a 
weaver. He was sent out by the London Society 
(Londensch Genootschap) in 1803. His daughter by 
his first marriage, Maria Christina Gerrardina, born 
in Jaffna, October 9, 1805, was the wife of Henry 
Theodore Ebell. He married, secondly, Elizabeth 
Lloyd, and had by her {i.a.) Sophia Margarita, born 
at Colombo, August 20, 1814, married there, January 
14, 1829, Rev. Thomas Salmon, Missionary, Sxzrat ; 
and Dorothea Frederica, born Colombo, January 
10, 1818, married September 11, 1845, W. H. Clarke. 
His son by the second marriage. Rev. John David 
Palm, was born in Colombo, November 14, 1815, 
and married there, January 20, 1845, Louisa Anna 
Wells. 

Jolm David Pakn died September 10, 1842, but 
there is no inscription to his memory. Wilham 
Henry Clarke, B.C.L., was eldest son of the Rev. W. 
Clarke, Rector of St. John's, Chester. He became an 
Advocate of the Supreme Court, February 20, and 
was afterwards successively Police Magistrate of Ben- 
tota (Balapitimodera) , District Judge of Kurunegala, 
and Recorder of Rangoon. Dr. Clarke is described as 
"of Queens' College, Cambridge," but the B.C.L 
was an Oxford degree. 



Serial So. 


Date. 


Name. 


399 .. 


April 9 
1824 , 


. . Cornelia Henrietta de Saram 



( 120 } 

Wolvendaal Burial Ground, Colombo— con^d 

Inscription. 

Hier onder legt begraven Cornelia Henrietta 
Philipsz, dogter van den Eerwaarde Heer Henri- 
KTjs Philipsz, echtgenoote van Christoftel de 

[ Saeam vierde Maha-Modlier van 'S Gouverneurs 
Porta. Overleeden 9 April, 1824, oud 59 jaaren, 
4 maaden en 8 dagen. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 241 ; vol. 
XVTL, pp.. 20, 21 ; vol. XVIII., pp. 72, 77.) 

400 . . July 30 . . Albertus Cornells de Vos . . Hier rust het lyk van den Heer ALBERTtrs Cornelis 
1827 de Vos. Geboren te Gale den 8ste. February, 

1774, overladen te Colombo den 30ste. July, 1827. 
(Ibid., vol. XV., pp. 241, 272.) 

Albertus Cornelis de Vos was the brother of Johannes 
Andreas de Vos. The family derives from Victor de 
Vos, who married at Bruges, December 27, 1642, 
Maria, born 1614, the daughter of Josse Jooris and 
Marie Bussier. 



Holy Trinity Church, St. Sebastian's Hill, Colombo. 

This Church was consecrated on January 1, 1847, by Bishop Chapman. It was for some time 
pre-eminently the Civil Service Church, as it is now that of the Burgher community. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

401 .. Aug. 29 .. Frederick Lacy Dick .. In memory of Frederick Lacy Dick, the fourth son 
1847 of Samuel and Mary Sherson Dick of Upper 

Mount, Bonchiu-ch, Isle of Wight. He was Magis- 
trate of the District Court of Negombo in this 
Island, and on the evening of the 29th August, 
1847, was assassinated in the 32nd year of his age, 
leaving a widow, who four months afterwards gave 
birth to a son. Accompanied by a few of the police 
he went to a lone house in the country to recapture 
a notorious criminal whom the native police feared 
to encounter, and was shot through a window by 
an unseen hand. He was an upright and zealous 
Magistrate and greatly esteemed within his juris- 
diction. Also Frederick Lacy Dick, son of the 
above , born 8th January , 1848 , and died at Colombo 
21st March in the same year. 
Also Adeline, born 30th March, 1847, at Negombo, 
and died six days after her birth. 

Also inscription on tomb in Galle Face Cemetery. 
William Boyd has the following references to the 
Dicks in his "Autobiography" : — 

" Whilst lingering on the espla.nade, I was joined by 
an old friend, Mr. George Hicks, formerly a brother 
planter, who like myself had suffered from, the hard 
times,' and who, instead of reaping a handsome in- 
come from his coffee estates, had been glad to obtain 
a situation under Government as PoUce Magistrate of 
Negombo. After the usual greetings we adjourned to 
his house, close at hand, where I was introduced to 
his newly-wedded wife, a handsome, bright-eyed 
English girl." (" Autobiography," p. 617.) 

In his " Ceylon and its Pioneers," there is another 
allusion to the circumstances under which Dick 
became PoUce Magistrate of Negombo, and here he is 
given bis proper surname, but the wrong Christian 
name is retained. It shows Boyd's extraordinary 
capacity for mixing up facts and fancies, people 
and things, that in the " Autobiography " he had 
abeady used the name " Hicks " to denote another 
PoUce Magistrate, viz., "the Police Magistrate of 
Ricklagasgodde " (" Autobiography," p. 556), and 
that, as a matter of fact, there was a Police Magistrate 
of RikiUgasgoda in 1845 named William Fiedeno 
Hicks, who was appointed to that Court on the same 
day that F. L. Dick was appointed to Negombo, viz., 
October 1, 1845. (Ceylon Literary Register, vol. III., 
p. 321.) 



( 121 ) 

Holy Trinity Cliureh, St. Sebastian's HiU, Colombo— contd. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

401 .. Aug. 29 .. Frederick Lacy Dick— conid. " The brothers Dick, sons of a wealthy Highland 

1847 landowner (who served in Mauritius — Ed., Ceylon 

Literary Register), spent many thousands of pounds 
on Attaltenna, and when the crash came they lost it 
all. The eldest, George, got a Government situation 
as Police Magistrate at Negombo. Shortly after 
' receiving this appointment he went with some of his 
peons to apprehend a criminal who escaped from 
prison. Trying to force an entrance through a 
window he was shot through the throat, and was 
carried home a corpse to his newly-mamed wife, 
whom he had left only a few hours before." {Ceylon 
Literary Register, vol. II., p. 282.) 

In the " Autobiography," too, there is a highly 
coloured account of the shooting of Dick, pp. 628-9, 
which is attributed to the act of the criminal whom he 
went to arrest, but this is not correct. The following 
account of it appeared in the Colombo Observer, 
September 2, 1847, into which it was copied from the 
Ceylon Times. The editor remarks that it appears 
to be a correct account, and that the conclusion to 
be drawn from it is that Mr. Dick fell a victim to 
over-zeal, amounting to imprudence : — 

" The melancholy fate of Mr. Dick, the Police 
Magistrate at Negombo, who was killed on Friday 
evening last by a shot fired by a native of the name 
of Singo Appoo, whilst in search of a man who had 
escaped from custody under a charge of felony, has 
given rise to so many contradictory explanations of 
the tragical occurrence that we feel it our duty to 
devote most of our editorial space to a report of the 
circumstances of the occurrence, vouching at the 
same time for its perfect authenticity. 

" It would appear that in the course of Friday, Mr. 
Dick from the Bench had inflicted a fine of £5 each on 
four of the Aratohchies or Peons who had allowed one 
Daniel Appoo, a suspected robber, to escape from 
their custody. The Aratchchies stimulated to exertion 
by this merited punishment, reported on the evening 
of Friday that the thief Daniel Appoo was at a place 
called Wellikanai but that he had armed himself and 
had declared that he would not be taken alive. Mr. 
Dick on hearing this determined in person to appre- 
hend a man who thus so daringly set the laws at public 
defiance, and having armed himself with pistols, 
accompanied by Mr. Northmore (a civilian then 
staying with him) and a few constables, proceeded in 
search of the robber Daniel Appoo. 

"As the circumstances of this case so deeply affect all 
classes here, and proximately the Government also in 
the proper administration of its executive enactments, 
we think it will be not uninteresting (as we have the 
valuable opportunity) to give as far as we can an 
account of the proceedings sUghtly in extenso. A 
witness Don Juan Appoo said that on Friday evening, 
about 7 P.M., he was sent for by the Magistrate's 
Interpreter, Mr. Pereira, who desired him to go to a 
place called Pallanchena with Mr. Dick to assist in 
capturing a robber called Daniel Appoo. He went 
with the deceased, who was also accompanied by Mr. 
Northmore, one Oodooma Lebbe, a Police Sergeant, 
and another constable ; this constable, Pedro, was 
asked to show the party the way to Wellikana — the 
suspected retreat of the thief Daniel — and on arriving 
there they surrounded one house, and the party 
ordered some of the inmates of the house to light their 
lamp and open the door ; this being done, the occu- 
pants were found to be two women and some men, 
who after having their abode searched were allowed 
to go to rest. Mr. Dick, then accompanied by Mr. 
Northmore and the peon, proceeded to a house in the 
vicinity which was inhabited by one Juan Appoo (the 
thief's father). The inmates of this house having been 
roused, Juanis Appoo was desired to get a light from 
an adjoining cottage to enable the Magistrate to 
search the house, but as Mr. Dick thought the man 
might take an opportimity to escape, it was thought 
necessary that Mr. Northmore should accompany 
him the distance, about 200 yards. During Mr. N.'s 
absence Mr. Dick, having left some peons round the 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


401 .. 


Aug. 29 
1847 


. . Frederick Lacy Dick — ccmtd. 



( 122 ) 

Holy Trinity Church, St. Sebastian's Hill, CoXomho—contd. 

Inscription, 
house, was induced to search the adjoining house- 
situated in a betelnut plantation a short distance off ^ 
in the hope of finding the thief. With this view, and 
with some of the peons, Mr. Dick jumped over a fence 
and approached the house cautiously. Hearing 
people conversing, he left Juan Appoo in front of the 
house, whilst he went to the rear to reconnoitre ; after 
tliis he knocked at the back door, when a woman 
inside in a loud tone of voice demanded the cause of 
the noise. On her caUing out " Who's there ? " Juan 
Appoo, the constable, told her not to be afraid as it 
was the PoUce Magistrate of Negombo ; the woman 
then made use of an indecent expression ; Mr. Dick 
then, it is supposed, not finding the door opened, 
proceeded to an adjoining small window to which 
there were a few wooden bars, and whilst looking 
through them the woman said "What are you looking 
at ? Take the gun and shoot him! " Juan called out 
" Don't fire, it is the Magistrate of Negombo " ; he had 
barely uttered these words when, hearing the report 
of a gun fired from the inside, he ran round to the 
back of the house and found Mr. Dick lying on his- 
back on the ground bleeding excessively from a 
wound in his neck ; he once opened his eyes and then 
closed them in death. The report of the gun speedily 
brought Mr. Northmore to the spot, and eventually ,- 
after unavailing me ans were taken t o render assistance , 
the corpse was taken in a cart to the Police Station in 
Negombo." 

It was stated in the Observer of September 8, 1847,- 
that the Governor had granted a pension of £100 per 
annum to the widow. Mrs. Dick was Anne Elizabeth , 
daughter of Charles Edward Layard, C.C.S., born 
November 21, 1824, married F. L. Dick on March 
16, 1846, at Colombo. She married (2) on October 
28, 1852, Major RoUeston, 84th Regiment, and they 
went through the Mutiny. She died at Pembroke 
Dock, October 24, 1860. 

402 . . July 3 . . Emily Roosmalecocq . . Sacred to the memory of Emily, the beloved wife of 

1855 Robert Charles Roosmalecocq of Tuticurin 

in Southern India and eldest daughter of the late- 
Samuel Giedlestone, Esqr., Q. C, Bencher of the 
Middle Temple. She departed this life on the 3rd 
July, 1855, at Colombo, aged 30, and is interred 
in the family vault in Wolfendal Church. This 
tablet is erected by her alHicted husband near this 
spot where they often worshipped God. 

She is buried (Outside Wolvendaal Church, where 
there is a tombstone with inscription which gives the 
date of her birth, which took place in London, as 
June 21, 1825. She was the first wife of R. C. 
Roosmalecocq, who was a son of Jacobus Ambrosius, 
the third son of Pieter Jacobus Roosmalecocq and 
therefore nephew of Robert Carl Roosmalecocq (see 
No. 332). Robert Charles Roosmalecocq married (2) 
Susanna Caroline Winter, who when left a widow 
married (2) Edward Cosby Daly, and (3) General John 
Thornhill Bushby. She was a daughter of George 
Winter of Baddegama. R. C. Roosmalecocq was in 
the cotton trade. He died December 25, 1866, at 
Torquay. 

403 . . Jan. 27 . . Richard Francis Morgan . . In memory of Sir Richard Francis Morgan, Kt. , 

1876 Queen's Advocate of Ceylon, born 21st February, > 

1821, died 27th January, 1876. 
Even so, Father, for so it seemed good in thy sight. 
Mat. 11, 21. 

(The verse should be 26, not 21.) 

" About the middle of the eighteenth century a. 
Welshman named Morgan, of an adventurous turn of 
mind, tired of the dullness and seclusion of the 
Cambrian principality, and attrsicted possibly by 
reports of the famed pagoda tree of the East, sailed 

for Hindustan He accepted office under the 

Madras Government, married in India, and wa& 
eventually laid to rest in its soil. His children, 
meanwhile, had grown up around him, and were 
filling posts of usefulness in Southern India, som& 



( 123 ) 



Holy Trinity Church, St. Sebastian's Hill, Colombo— conic^. 



arial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


403 .. 


Jan. 27 
1876 


. , Richard Francis Morgan— 

contd. 



Inscription, 
being in office in Travanoore. One of them, Richard 
Morgan, owing to the presence of the Dutch at 
Tuticorin and other ports in the south, had acquired a 
knowledge of the Dutch language ...... When in 1796 

the British had taken possession of the Island the 

Indian Presidencies had to be indented on for officials 

Richard Morgan found his opportunity, passed 

over the narrow Straits of Manaar, and took office 

as Dutch translator to the Government. He 

subsequently arranged and classified the State records, 
and prepared the translation of Van Leeuwen's 

Roman-Dutch Law into Enghsh He was chiefly 

instrumental in 1816 in getting up the petition to the 
Prince Regent for the manumission of slaves. He 
was for a time master of the Colombo Seminary, which 
was estabUshed by the Dutch towards the end of the 
eighteenth century — the only superior school at this 
time in the Colony. He next became a Proctor of the 
Supreme Court and afterwards Port Magistrate. 

"Richard Morgan married (1804) Behrana Lucretia 
Lourens, daughter of Dr. Jan Lourens, who lived at 
Whist Bungalow, which during a cholera epidemic he 
turned into a hospital, and who himself feU a victim 
to that disease. The house obtained its name from 
having been chosen by a whist club of British officers, 
who in the earliest years of the century to while away 
the tedium of garrison duty met at this bungalow on 
certain days in the week to feast and play.' ' ' ' Life of 
Sir Richard Morgan," by Wm. Digby (vol. I., p. 66). 

The Whist Bungalow is alluded to by Cordiner. Sir 
Richard Morgan's biographer is mistaken in leaving 
it to be inferred that Dr. Lourensz was living at Whist 
Bungalow at the time of his daughter's marriage, 
which took place in 1804, to Richard Morgan, senior, 
for in the Oovernment Gazette of 1821 we find an 
advertisement of "an Elegant Fete " which is to take 
place " at Whist Bungalow Club on 23 Nov." 
Dinner was to be served " at the bungalow on the 
bank of the Mutwal River," followed by " a Ball at 
Mr. Byrne's new house." Mr. Henry Byrne was the 
Puisne Justice, 1819-1820, who succeeded Sir William 
Coke. Dr. Lourensz must have purchased the bunga- 
low some years afterwards. With his death it passed 
into the possession of the Morgan family, and with 
brief intervals it was their residence up to 1876. It 
stUl retains its name. 

Richard Owen Morgan of Masulipatnam was married 
to Behrania Lucretia Lourensz at Colombo on 
June 10, 1804. She was the daughter of Jan Henricus 
Lourensz, third Sm-geon of the Colombo Hospital, and 
Martha Elisabeth Jinke. He had four sons, of whom 
Richard Francis Morgan, bom February 21, 1821, in 
Prince's street, was the youngest. He died a month 
after the birth of his youngest son. R. P. Morgan 
attended a Dame's school kept by a Mrs. Taylor, 
" presumably wife or widow of a non-commissioned 
officer in one of the many regiments which then 
garrisoned Ceylon." (Digby.) This was no doubt 
the widow of Quartermaster Thomas Taylor, 
Paymaster of the Caffre Corps. He ne*t went to 
" George Staples' Academy," and afterwards was a 
pupU at Cotta and at Colombo of the Rev. Joseph 
Marsh, the first principal of the Colombo Academy. 
He was in England in March-July, 1840, became a 
proctor, 1841, then advocate when the two branches 
of the lawyers' profession were separated (1835-1841). 
On December 19, 1844, at Wolvendaal Church, he 
married Classina Joceline Sissouw, a grand niece of 
Mr. Justice Hillebrand's, of whom "it is credibly 

recorded that being very anxious to acquire the 

English language, as soon as the capitulation was 
effected, he made the acquaintance of the more 
intelligent men among the soldiers, and by bribes of 
drink and food obtained from them a knowledge of 
the English tongue." (Digby, p. 18.) He appeared 
for the O. B. C. in the great Rajawella case. 

R. F. Morgan was made an Unofficial Member of 
the Legislative Council representing the Burghers in 
1851. He became District Judge of Colombo, October, 
1856 ; Acting Junior Puisne Justice, December, 1856 ; 
Acting Queen's Advocate, November, 1857 ; and 



( 124 ) 



Holy Trinity Church, St. Sebastian's Hill, Colombo— cowM. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


403 .. 


Jan. 27 . 
1876 


Richard Francis Morgan 

contd. 



Inscription. 

Queen's Advocate on January 1, 1863, an appointment 
which he held until his death. He was acting as Chief 
Justice in 1874^5, and was offered the permanent 
appointment, but deoUned it on the score of health. 
He was " the first of Her Majesty's Eurasian subjects- 
to be knighted." (Digby, vol. I., p. 33.) "One 
who was honoured as no Burgher before him had been 
honoured." (Ibid., Preface.) "Both he (Lorenz) and 
Sir Richard Morgan were of vital importance to the 

Burgher community the event (of his death) of 

Sir Richard was indeed a loss to that community 
generally, but a fatal one to that highly intelligent 
and respectable community, whose interests he fear- 
lessly advocated," so wrote General Studholme 
Hodgson in October, 1876. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


404 .. 


Aug. 14 
1866 


. Georgina Skinner 



Christ Church, Galle Face, Colombo. 

This church was opened on October 13, 1853. It lasted for forty-six years, when it was pulled down 
and a new church built following the lines of the first building. It was opened on March 18, 1899. 

Inscription. 

. . Sacred to the memory of Geoegiana, the beloved, 
and honoured wife of Major T. Skinner, Com- 
missioner of Public Works, Ceylon, daughter of the 
late Lieut.-General Bueebll, C.B. Bom 20th 
June, 1818, died in the Red Sea (Lat. 25-04 N., 
Long. 35-16E.) 14 Aug., 1866. A true and devoted 
wife, an exemplary mother, a sincere friend, she 
Uved in spotless honour and consistent truthfulness 
of character, strong in the faith of her Saviour's 
love and in the ef&cacy of His atonement. She 
hved in the assured hope of a resurrection to- 
eternal Hf e through the sacrifice and the righteous- 
ness of the Blessed Redeemer. That her seven 
children may honour her memory in striving by 
God's help to follow her precepts and to emulate 
her example, that her love of truth in thought, 
word, and action, and her uncompromising and 
endearing virtues may shed an illumination on her 
descendants for generations yet to come, and that 
England may long be blessed with such mothers 
for her sons is the earnest prayer of her bereaved 
husband. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Burrell was in command of the 
18th Royal Irish Regiment in Ceylon in the thirties. 
His daughter married Captain T. Skinner, Ceylon 
Rifles , then acting as Surveyor-General, at Colombo on 
December 19, 1838. Their son, Thomas Skinner, was 
in the Ceylon Civil Service, 1860-1896, retiring as 
Postmaster-General. A daughter married Mr. M. H. 
Thomas of Galheriya, well known as a coffee, and 
later as a tea, planter of Galheriya, Kelebokke Valley. 

Major Skinner was a son of Captain Skinner, R.A.^ 
who was stationed at Trincomalee, 1812-1820 or there- 
abouts, and was born May 20, 1804. He joined the 1st 
Ceylon Regiment as 2nd Lieutenant on December 2, 
1819. He was the great road maker of Ceylon. He 
has left an account of his work in his " Fifty Years 
in Ceylon — ^An Autobiography," published in 1891. 
When he finally left the Island in 1867, his fifty years 
of incessant work were thus summarized in the Ceylon 
Observer ; — " He has survived to see a magnificent net- 
work of roads spread over the country, from the sea 
level to the passes of our highest mountain ranges ; 
and instead of dangerous fords and ferries, where 
property often suffered and life was too frequently 
sacrificed, he has lived to see every principal stream 
in Ceylon substantially bridged or about to be spanned 
by structures of stone or iron. Whereas before his 
time there were strictly no roads in the Island, Ceylon, 



( 125 ) 



Christ Church, Galle Face, Colombo— contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


404 .. 


Aug. 14 
1866 


Georgina Skinner 



-contd. 



405 



July 25 
1866 

May 31 
1866 

May 21 
1866 



James Cameron Fielding 
William Guy 
Thomas Miller 



406 



July 5 
1868 



George Alexander Mackenzie 



407 



May 18 
1869 

Aug. 8 
1860 



Catherine Rossiter 

Mary Ellen Ladbrooke 
Rossiter 



Inscription, 
with an area of 25,000 miles, can now count nearly 
3,000 miles of made roads, one-fifth of which consist 
of first class metal roads, and another fifth of excellent 
gravelled high ways. Add to this the restoration of 
inland navigation — the canal system — and the impetus 
given to many another public work, and we have the 
bare outline of such a life of unselfish usefxilness to 
his fellow-men as few have been privileged to show." 
(Quoted in " Two Happy Years in Ceylon," vol. I., 
p. 179.) 

In memory of Captain J. C. Fielding, Ceylon Rifles, 
who died at Sea on passage to Japan, 25 July, 
1866. Aged 35 years 7 months. Also of Lieut, 
and Adjt. William Gtty, Ceylon Rifles, who died 
at Sea on passage to England, 31 May, 1866. 
Aged 49 years 9 months. And of Quartermaster 
T. Miller, Ceylon Rifles, who died at Stoke, 
Devon, 21 May, 1866. Aged 58 years 11 months. 

This tablet is erected by their brother offlcers. 

Captain Fielding joined the Rifles, April 10, 1849, 
as 2nd Lieutenant; Lieutenant March 16, 1855; 
Captain August 15, 1859; and was Commandant of 
Puttalam 1857 ; on leave to England in 1859-1860. 
He married, on February 10, 1869, at Pussellawa, 
Charlotte Mann, third daughter of Gother Mann 
Parsons (No. 209). 

Lieutenant Guy was Adjutant from October 1, 
1858 ; on leave to England in 1859-1860. 

Quartermaster Miller joined the regiment on 
December 11, 1846, and became Quartermaster July 5, 
1853. His daughter, Elizabeth Ann, married at 
Colombo, May 8, 1861, D. G. Mantell, who retired as 
Surveyor-General. 

Luceo non uro. 

In memory of Geobge Alexander Mackenzie ,Esqr. , 
of Dundonnell, Rosshire, Scotland, for many years 
a resident of this town and a member of the firm 
of George Stewart & Co. He departed this life 
on the 5th July, 1868. Aged 50 years. 

This tablet is erected by his bereaved widow, Louisa, 
daughter of the late Captain Stewart, C.R.R., in 
affectionate remembrance of a loving and devoted 
husband. 

The date of their marriage was February 23, 1853, 
and it took place at Colombo. I have heard that after 
her husband's death she married his brother, which 
seems impossible. Another sister married C. R. 
Curgenven, and a third Christoffelsz de Saram (see 
No. 349). A brother of hers was for a time Police 
Magistrate of Calpentyn and of Kandy. 

Catherine, the beloved wife of Tho. Rossiter, who 
died at Colombo on the 18th of May, 1859. Aged 
28 years. Also of Mary Ellen Ladbrooke, her 
infant daughter, who died at Colombo on the 8th 
of June, 1860. Aged 15 months. * 

Also an inscription on tomb in Galle Face Cemetery. 

He died in January, 1867, at the residence of his 
son-in-law, Mr. Darlington, at Dundrum, County 
Dublin. 

The first appearance of the name Rossiter in Ceylon 
is in the " Ceylon Almanac " of 1846, which gives 
" J. W. Rossiter " as a planter at " WUpitte, Matale." 
He does not appear in that of 1847, but there is a " J. 
Rossiter " at Galle in 1847-1849, but his occupation 
is not given. In the Almanac of 1852 a " T. Rossiter " 
appears as Inspector of Police at Galle, and lie was 
there in that capacity until 1854 (T. W. Rossiter). 
In the Almanac of 1855-9 there is no T. W. Rossiter, 
but " J. M. Rossiter " is on Orokande estate. Central 
Province. In 1860 he disappears, arid in his stead " E. 
Rossiter " is on Orokande, and another " Rossiter" 
in Ambegamuwa. In 1861 E. M. Rossiter is at 
Kurunegala, E. Rossiter at Kegalla, and we learn that 
the Ambegamuwa planter was " J. Rossiter." In 
1862 he was still there, but the Kurunegala Rossiter 

82-09 



( 126 ) 



Christ Church, Galle Face, Colombo — contd. 



Serial No. 
407 .. 



Date. 

May 18 
1869, &c. 



Name. 

Catherine Rossiter, &c. 



408 



Nov. 10 
1860 



Henry Whitley 



409 



May 16 
1881 



Robert Vetch Dunlop 



410 



April 18 
1896 



John Davies Thomas 



411 



1831-1903 



Inscription. 
-contd. was " E. A." In 1863 E. M. Rossiter was stiU on 
" Oorakanda " and J. A. Rossiter in Ambegamuwa 
(Tellisingala) , and T. W. Rossiter, the former Inspector 
of Police, re-appears as a planter. In Peterson's 
Almanac for 1869 his name appears as "Thomas 
Wrixon Rossiter," with the note that he had gone to 
ETirope, and with this Almanac his name disappears 
from the Island. In 1869-1870 E. M. Rossiter was 
on Dmisinane, Pundalu-oya, and J. A. Rossiter on 
Rathnelikelle, Dimbula. 

. . To the memory of the Rev. Henby Whitley, M.A., 
Queen's (sic) College, Cambridge, Missionary of the 
Church Missionary Society, Pastor of this Church 
in which for 5 years he ministered to congregations 
worshipping in three different languages, Enghsh, 
Sinhalese, and Tamil; he was also a faithful and 
earnest preacher of the Gospel to the heathen 
population of the town and a valued fellow-labourer 
with his missionary brethren, by whom he was 
esteemed and sincerely loved. He died in the 
adjoining Mission house of fatal injuries received 
through the falling of a wall in the Church premises 
on the 10th November, 1860. This tablet was 
erected by the members of his congregation, in 
testimony of the respect and admiration of his 
character which they shared with all that knew 
him. And of their own deep affection for him as 
their Pastor and unfading remembrance of his 
Christian ministrations. 

There is also an inscription on his tomb in the Galle 
Face Cemetery. His age was 34. 

. . The Rev. Robert Vetch Dttnlop, Incumbent of 
Holy Trinity, Scarborough, and for 20 years con- 
nected with the Oriental Bank. Bom Oct. 8, 1834, 
and entered into rest May 16, 1881. 

He married Frances Elizabeth,. daughter of Sir 
Charles Peter Layard, on July 10, 1862. 

. . The Rev. J. Davibs Thomas, for 33 years a 
missionary of the Church Missionary Society in 
South India and Ceylon. Died at Colombo on 
April 18, 1896. Aged 56 years. 

He was a son of the Rev. John Thomas of Megnana- 
puram in the Tinnevelly District, a well-known 
C. M. S. Missionary in his time, who introduced the 
English parochial system, working from the centre he 
had chosen among the hundreds of villages that lay 
scattered all round — a man of many gifts and accom- 
plishments. He had been brought up " as a 
solicitor, and was an excellent lawyer. He was an 
excellent singer, a good musician, and well acquainted 
with the science of music. As a builder he had no 
equal in Tinnevelly." (Bishop Caldwell, quoted in 
Ceylon Literary Register, vol. II., pp. 397-8.) 

. . In loving memory of C. M. S. Missionaries who hav 
worked in Ceylon and entered into rest. 
Rev. J. Marsh, 1831 Rev. B. Ward, 



Rev. T. Browning, 1838 
Rev. J. Knight, 1840 
Rev. J. Bailey, 1844 
Rev. R. Mayor, 1846 
Rev. C.Greenwood, 1850 
Rev. P. Haslam, 1850 
Rev. S. Lambrick, 1854 
Rev. H. Collins, 1860 
Rev. W. Whitley, 1860 
Rev. A.D.Gordon, 1865 
Rev. G. Parsons, 1866 
Rev. J.T.Johnston, 1871 
Rev. G. S. Faught, 1873 
Rev. G. Pettitt, 1873 



1879 

Rev. E. Blackmoee, 1879 

Rev. G. 0. Trimnell, 1880 

Rev. J. Selkirk, 1880 

Rev. J. PicKFORD, 1882 

Rev. R. Brent, 1885 

Rev. W. Oakley, 1886 

Rev. W. Adley, 1887 

Rev. P. W. Taylor, 1887 

Rev. J. Allcock, 1888 

Rev. J. Wood, 1889 

Rev. E. M. Griffith, 1890 

Rev. R. W. Perry, 1890 
Rev. C. C. Macarthue, 1892 

Rev. J. O'Nbil, 1896 



Serial No. Date. 

411 .. 1831-1903— con/d 



( 127 ) 

Christ Church, Galle Face, Colombo— contd. 

Inscription. 

.. Rev. J. D. Thomas, 1896 
Rev. G. T. Fleming, 1896 
Rev. S. HoBBS, 1898 

Rev. H. Powell, 1898 
Rev. R. Collins, 1900 



Name. 



412 



1825-1905 



Rev.R.T.DowBiGGiN, 1901 
Rev. E. T. HiGGENS, 1901 
Rev. S. Coles, 1901 

Rev. A. A. PiLSON, 1902 
Rev. J. Ireland Jones , 1 903 



" Their works do follow them." 
A brass tablet in chancel, erected by C. M. 



S. 



Missionaries. Of those named, Messrs. Greenwood, 
Haslam, Whitley, Parsons, Knight, Bailey, Black- 
more, Oakley, Allcock, Griffith, Perry, Thomas, 
Fleming, Dowbiggin, Pilson, and Ireland Jones died 
in Ceylon. 

In loving memory of C. M. S. Missionaries who have 
worked in Ceylon and entered into rest. 

Mrs. J. Bailey, 1825 Mrs. J. Sblkiek, 1876 

Mrs. J.Ireland Jones, 1877 



1839 
1845 
1852 



Mrs. T. Browning, 
Mrs. J. Knight, 
Mrs. P. Haslam, 
Mrs. E. T. HiGGENS, 1854 
Mrs. S. Lambriok, 1860 
Mrs. G.C.Trbvenell, 1861 
Mrs. B. Waud, 1864 

Mrs. W. Oakley, 1866 
Mrs.^J. PiGKFORD, 1866 
Mrs. G. S. Paught, 1870 
Mrs. R. Mayor, 1870 
Mrs. C. Greenwood, 1872 
Mrs. J. Wood, 1873 



Mrs. W. Adley, 1880 

Mrs. P. Glanville, 1883 

Mrs. G. Parsons, 1896 

Mrs. S. Coles, 1898 

Miss H. M. Spreat, 1898 

Mrs. J. Allcock, 1899 
Mrs.J.lRELAND Jones, 1899 

Mrs. J. Carter, 1899 

Mrs. W. Clark, 1900 

Mrs. R. Parqiter, 1900 

Mrs. J. D. Simmons, 1900 

Mrs. J. Ilsley, 1905 

" Wliose faith follow." 

A brass tablet in chancel, erected by 0. M. S. 
Missionaries. Of those named, Mrs. Knight, Haslam, 
Higgens, Oakley, and Carter died in Ceylon. 

Mrs. O'Neil has been omitted, who died at Jaffna 
in 1848. The name on the tablet in St. James's 
Church, Nellore, Jaffna, is spelt " O'NeiU." Mrs. 
Pargiter, the first wife of the Rev. R: Pargiter, is 
also omitted: She died at Jaffna in 1849. 



Wesleyan Chapel, Dam Street, Pettah, Colombo. 

" On the 23rd December, 1816, the chapel in the Pettah was completed and opened for public worship. 
It was erected after the model of Brunswick Chapel, Liverpool. The gentleman who acted as master builder was 

Captain Gualterus Schneider of the Royal Engineers The purchase of the site and the erection of the 

various buildings cost upwards of Rs. 30,000 The entire establishment consisted of a place of worship, a 

dwelling house for two famOies, a large schoolroom, printing and bookbinding offices, a type foundry, and 
warehouses. The first sermon at the opening of the chapel was preached by Mr. Clough from Psalm CXXII., 16, 
and in the evening Mr. Harvard officiated, preaching from Luke II., 14, when the Governor was present, also Lady 

Brownrigg, and nearly all the principal Europeans in Colombo The chapel, as described in the Government 

Gazette, was almost an amphitheatre, with three rows of elevated seats nearly all round. The same building is still 

the principal place of worship for the Wesleyans in the Pettah In 1863, under the direction of Mr. Bough, 

the arrangement of the seats was altered, and all are now placed upon the same level . . ^ . . . The pulpit was 
formerly at the same end as the entrance porch. There are mural monuments to the memory of Dr. Coke and 
Mr. Ault and of Mrs. Clough and Mrs. Scott, the wives of Missionaries." (Hardy, pp. 80-1.) 

Inscription. 
. . Sacred to the memory qf the late Revd. Thomas 
Coke, LL.D., of the University of Oxford, 
General Superintendent of the Wesleyan Metho- 
dist Missions, who was an ardent lover of immortal 
souls, and a zealous and persevering Friend and 
Advocate of Christian Missions among the Heathen. 
By his Instrumentality, Liberahty, and Personal 
Exertion, the Wesleyan Methodist Missions were 
introduced and established in all the four Quarters 
of the Globe ! Their success in the Conversion of 
Sinners lay nearest his heart, and was one of the 
chief sources of his joy while on earth. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


413 .. 


May 3 
1814 


Thomas Coke 



( 128 ) 



Wesleyan Chapel, Dam Street, Pettah, Colombo— contd. 



Serial No. 
413 .. 



Date. 

May 3 
1814 



Name. 

Thomas Coke — contd. 



414 



April 1 
1815 



William Ault 



Inscription. 

Thousands of Real Converts will hail him blessed in 
the Great Day. His last principal Undertaking 
was the Introduction of the Mission to Asia. For 
this purpose, Uke that primitive and eminent 
Missionary St. Paul, he mthstood the earnest 
entreaties of his numerous Friends, and at the 
advanced age of 67 years he left his native 
and much beloved Country under the express 
sanction of the British Government, and bearing 
Letters testimonial from several of the principal 
Characters in the State, being accompanied by Six 
other missionaries, the Revd. Messrs. Lynch, Ault, 
Erskine, Harvard, Squance, and Clough, and 
burning with fervent zeal for the Conversion of the 
Inhabitants of India, he was followed by the tears 
and prayers of anxious multitudes. His consti- 
tution, however, sunk under the Change of Chmate, 
and from intense Application to preparatory 
Studies, he died on the Voyage, May the 3rd, 1814, 
Happy in that Saviour whom he had so success- 
fully preached to others ; and his mortal Remains 
were interred at sea in lat. 2° 29' South, and long. 
59° 29' East. 

This tablet, inscribed by his surviving missionary 
Companions and Sons in the Ministry, is designed 
as a pubUc and constant Memorial of their 
unceasing respect, affection, and reverence for his 
Person and Character. 

August, 1816. 

Dr. Coke was a native of Brecon, and was for a time 
curate at South Petherton. In 1809 Sir Alexander 
Johnston, Chief Justice of Ceylon, visited England, 
and was instrumental in procuring the establishment 
of a mission in Ceylon, and his attention was directed 
by Wilberforce to the Wesleyan Methodists as being 
the most likely to assist him in the execution of his 
plans. The result was the despatch of Dr. Coke 
and his companions. An interview with Surgeon 
Morton, R.A. , who had resided some years in 
Ceylon, determined him to undertake this mission. 
Dr. Coke, Mr. Harvard, and Mr. Clough embarked on 
December 30, 1813, at Portsmouth in the Gahalon, a,nd 
the rest in the Lady Melville. One day in the Indian 
Ocean Dr. Coke was found dead in his cabin. The 
rest of the party arrived at Bombay, on May 21. On 
June 20 they embarked for Ceylon, leaving Mr. 
Harvard at Bombay, and arrived at Galle, June 29. 
The Rev. George Bisset, the Governor's Private 
Secretary, was sent from Colombo to bid them 
welcome to the Island. It was recommended that 
they should occupy the principal sub-stations and 
commence the teaching of schools in the English 
language, for which a small allowance would be made. 
Accordingly Messrs. Lynch and Squance proceeded 
to Jaffna, Mr. Ault to Batticaloa, Mr. Erskine to 
Matara, and Mr. Clough remained at Galle. 

Sacred to the Memory of the Reverend William 
Ault, Wesleyan Methodist missionary, who 
having laboured with great acceptance in England 
as a Minister of the Gospel for many years, 
voluntarily Sacrificed the scenes of Popularity 
and Friendship with which he was surrounded for 
the arduous and less flattering Occupation of a 
Christian Missionary. On his Arrival in Ceylon 
his sphere of Labour was Batticaloa and its 
Environs (on the Eastward of the Island). His 
anxious Exertions for the Spiritual Good of the 
Natives of that Place Evidenced the Purity of the 
Motive which introduced him into the Missionary 
Work. Every Cottage in his District had received 
his Pastoral Visits, and had echoed with his 
affectionate, famihar, and efi&cacious Advice ! 
Even the heathen beheld him — revered him — 
loved him, and committed their Children to his 



( 129 ) 



Wesleyan Chapel, Dam Street, Pettah, Colomho—contd. 



Serial No. Date. Name. 



Tnsoiiption. 



414 . . April 1 . . William Ault—contd. . . Care, consenting to their use of the Bible as their 

°-^" principal School Book ! His Missionary race was 

short : He died among the People of his Charge, 
" in sure and certain Hope," April the 1st, 1815, 
after labouring among them only eight months ! 
Over his Grave the Inhabitants of Batticaloa erected 
at their own Expense a monument of his Worth, 
and of the Admiration with which he had inspired 
them. He was beloved and respected by all 
Descriptions of Men from the most inferior Member 
of his Flock to the highest existing Authorities in 
the Island, They aU paid a Tribute to his Memory. 
This stone was erected by his affectionate surviving 
Fellow-Labourers, the Wesleyan Methodist Mis- 
sionaries in Ceylon, as a lasting Token of their 
warmest regard. 

August, 1816. • 

" On the 30th of December, 1813, Dr. Coke, Mr. 
Harvard, and Mr. Clough embarked at Portsmouth 
in the Cahalon, and the rest of the party with 
Captain Loohner intYiS Lady Melville, both Indiamen. 
Mr. Harvard and Mr. Ault were accompanied by their 

wives On the 21st of May they entered the 

harbour of Bombay On the 20th of June all 

the missionaries, with the exception of Mr. and Mrs. 
Harvard, embarked for Ceylon, and on the 29th they 
arrived at Galle , after a rapid passage. W. C. Gibson, 
the then Master Attendant, was the first person to 

welcome them to the Island The first to land 

were Messrs. Lynch, Squance, and Clough ; Messrs. 
Ault and Erskine were detained somewhat longer on 
board, during which period the ship was driven further 
to sea, so that when they left in the luggage boat it was 
impossible to make the harbour of Galle, and they had 
to direct their course towards Belligam. At this time 
their situation was well calculated to produce alarm. 
They were unable to say a single word to the unknown 
natives in whose hands their lives were placed. Mr. 
Ault became nervous, under the impression that the 
boatmen were about to run them ashore in some 
unfrequented spot, and murder them. However, 
they had no such intention, and in the middle of the 
night they landed safely at Belligam, where they were 
hospitably entertained by the Magistrate, and then 
assisted on their way to Galle." (" Jubilee Memo- 
rials," pp. 64-5.) The Commandant of GaUe was 
Lord Molesworth, who joined in the general pleasure 

expressed at the arrival of the missionaries 

The Bev. George Bisset, the Governor's Private Secre- 
tary, was sent from Colombo to bid them welcome to 

the Island it was agreed " at a meeting that 

Mr. Lynch and Mr. Squance should go to Jaffna, 
Mr. Ault to Batticaloa, Mr. Erskine to Matara, and 
that Mr. Clough should remain at Galle." 

Mr. Ault was eight days in reaching Batticaloa by 
dliony. In giving an account of his voyage he says, 
" I had a very unpleasant voyage. Our food as well 
as our water fell short. I have been twice in the sea, 
but happily escaped with life. I fell overboard from 
the dhoney ; and on landing at Batticaloa in a small 
canoe, it swamped. I jumped out and reached the 
land the best way I was able." 

The tombstone at Batticaloa disappeared " about 
40 years ago." (See under " Batticaloa.") 

415 June 30 . . Margaret Clough . . Margaret, Wife of Benjamin Clough, Wesleyan 

jg27 Missionary, and only daughter of William Moely 

of Doncaster in the County of York. This monu- 
ment is erected by her sorrowing friends desirous of 
paying a tribute of respect to the character of a 
truly pious and consistent Christian who died at 
Colombo, the 30th day of June, in the year 1827. 
Aged 24 years. 

The first minister resident here was Mr. Harvard, 
who was succeeded by Mr. Clough. 

Next to Gogerly " the man who has exercised the 
greatest influence upon the interests of the Island 
among the departed members of the mission is 



( 130 ) 



Wesleyan Chapel, Dam Street, Pettah, Colombo — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


415 .. 


June 30 
1827 


Margaret Clongh—coTdd. 



416 



July 13 
1829 



Sarah Rebecca Ladbrook 
Hume 



417 



Oct. 4 
1829 



Richard Stoup 



Inscription. 

Benjamin Clough. He was born at Bradford in- 
Yorkshire ; won the esteem of Dr. Coke and became 

his most constant companion A vessel in 

which he sailed from Colombo to Galle in 1822 struck 
on a rock about five miles out from Gindura, and 
when the Captain reached the Galle harbour there 
were four feet of water in the hold and it became a 

wreck He was seized with jungle fever when 

on an official visit to Jaffna about the year 1837, soon 
after which he finally left Ceylon, and in 1853, April 
13, he died suddenly at Southwark in the sixty-second 
year of his age." (Hardy, p. 303.) 

He published " A Dictionary, English and Singha^ 
lese," in 1830, and " A Pali Grammar and Vocabu- 
lary " in 1824 ; also translated the Pali work " Kama- 
wachan," under the name of "The Ritual of the 
Buddhist Priesthood," which was printed by the 
Royal Asiatic Society. 

"In 1821 an English and Sinhalese Dictionary 
was published by Mr. Clough, extending to 628 pages 
Svo. and containing about 25,000 words. Nine years 
afterwards the same indefatigable student published 
a Sinhalese and Bnghsh Dictionary, extending to 
852 pages and containing about 40,000 words. Both 
volumes were dedicated to Sir Edward Barnes. The- 
Government paid for the expense of printing and 
binding and received without payment 100 copies of 
the work." (Hardy, p. 227.) 

The history of the compilation of this Sinhalese 
Dictionary is as follows, according to Spence Hardy. 

" A collection of Singhalese works had been made by 
Mr. Samuel ToHrey of the Civil Service, which, on his 
return to England, he presented to the Government 
and received in return a handsome remuneration. 
On his death soon afterwards Sir John D'Oyly was- 
requested to prepare the work for the press, but this 
he declined, as it contained only a small portion of 
the words in the Singhalese language and scarcely 
any of the high words ; it having been compiled 
for the purpose of assisting the servants of Govern- 
ment in the daily routine of office, without any 
reference to the literature of the coimtry. The under- 
taking was declined by the compiler's brother on the 
same ground. The arrangement was defective ; the 
words were multiplied to an unnecessary extent by 
appearing many times over, with only different 
terminations ; and no attempt was made to discover 
the root of the word. The assistance received from, 
this source was therefore small, and whatever credit 
the work is entitled to must be given to Mr. Clough." 
(Hardy, pp. 277-8.) Hardy is wrong in thinking (1)' 
that Samuel Tolfrey was the brother of WiUiam ; (2) 
that the book was handed over to Government on 
the death of Samuel. Samuel did not die until 1830, 
in retirement. Sir John D'Oyly died in 1824. 

Sarah Rebecca Ladbeook, daughter of Mr. W. 
Fuller of London, and Wife of Alexander 
Hume , Wesleyan Missionary. She died at Colombo 
on the 13th July, 1829. Aged 29 years. In life 
unaffected and deep piety, and a conduct regulated 
by an uncommon mildness, fidelity, and prudence 
marked her character. In death she exemplified 
entire resignation to the mil of God, the enjoyment 

of a well grounded faith. 

Partly illegible. She was married to Mr. Hume- 
at St. Paul's, Pettah, Colombo, on December 29, 1824. 
" On 9th of Aug. (1819) the foundation stone of 
the chapel at Negumbo was laid by Mr. Hume, who 
had recently arrived from England, and he gave an 
animated address." (" Jubilee Memorials," p. 105.)- 

Sacred to the memory of Rev. Rd. Stotjp, Wesleyan 
Missionary, who departed this Hfe at Colombo on 
Sunday the 4th October, 1829. Aged 28 years. 
As a man he was characterised by simplicity of 
manners and gentleness of disposition ; As a 
Christian by fervent piety and devotion ; As a 
minister of the Gospel by faithfulness and love tO' 
the souls of men ; As a missionary by diligence 



( 131 ) 



SeriaS No. 
417 .. 



1829 



Wesleyan Chapel, Dam Street, Pettah, Colombo— coti^cZ. 

Date. Name. Inscription. 

Oct. 4 . . Richard Stoup— cowfei. . . and zeal. The Dutch and Burgher inhabitants 

of Galle among whom he laboured for upwards of 
three years have erected this tablet as a memorial 
of affection and esteem. 

There is a copy of the inscription in ' ' Jubilee Memo- 
rials," p. 216. 

" Richard Stoup was born at Boston in Lincoln- 
shire, and educated at the Grammar School of that 
town. After a residence in Ceylon of nearly six years 
he died at Colombo on the 5th of October, 1829, 
having previously suffered months of intense pain 

from indurated liver He was buried in St. 

Paul's graveyard, where the tower of the Dutch Church 
throws its shadow on his grave at eventide." (Hardy, 
p. 301.) 



418 



Sept. 11 
1859 



Mary Jane Scott 



419 



Sept. 6 
1862 



Daniel Gogerly 



Mary Jane, Wife of Rev. John Scott, Wesleyan 
Missionary. She died September 11th, 1859. 
Aged 25 years. 

She was a daughter of Mr. WilHam Ford, and 
married the Rev. J. Scott at Colombo on October 30, 
1858. Mr. Scott was in Ceylon 1866-64. He was 
Missionary at Galle 1 860-64. He opened the Wesleyan 
Chapel at Moratuwa in 1859. 

In memory of the Revd. Daniel Gogeely, for 
twenty-four years the General Superintendent of 
the Wesleyan Ministry in South Ceylon. He was 
a profound Oriental Scholar, a wise administrator, 
and an eminent preacher of the Gospel. To him 
the Churches of the Island are deeply indebted for 
his exertions in promoting education, his exposure 
of the errors of Buddhism, and his labours as a 
translator of the Holy Scriptures. 

After a residence of 44 years in Ceylon he died 
venerated and beloved. 

September 6th, 1862. Aged 70 years. 

His tombstone in the Pettah Burial Ground makes 
him 72 (see No. 334). According to the "Jubilee 
Memorials" he was born in London in 1792. He 
arrived in Ceylon in 1818, and took charge of the 
mission press. 

In 1823 he was accepted as a missionary, and fifteen 
years later was appointed Chairman of the Sinhalese 
District. He died September 6, 1862, in the 71st 
year of his age. " Mr. Gogerly gained an extensive 
acquaintance with Buddhism. He had a profound 
knowledge of Pali and of the voluminous works in 
that dialect. He wrote numerous papers in the 
Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (Ceylon Branch) 
" On Buddhism," &c., and these and otliers have 
recently been collected and republished. Mr. Gogerly 
resided for some time at Dondra before he became 
the general superintendent of the mission. It was 
here that he matru'ed his knowledge of PaU, as he took 
advantage of being in the neighbourhood of the 
learned priests of the district to enter upon the study 
of the more abstruse parts of the Buddhistical 
system. The mission library at Colombo is 
indebted to him for some of the most valuable of the 
Buddhistical works that it contains, which were 
written for him at the temple during his residence 
at Dondra." (Hardy, p. 239.) 

" It was necessary for the missionaries to acquire 
as intimate a knowledge as possible of the very volu- 
minous sacred books. During forty-four years of 
mission life Mr. Gogerly toiled at this labour of love, 
producing his first book on the subject in 1848, and 
persevering until his death in 1862." 

' ' When he first propounded his discoveries as to the 
real doctrine of primitive Buddhism, he was assailed 
by nearly every Pali scholar in the' Island, and his 
conclusions totally denied. But he calmly 
defended his position, and by numerous quotations 
from their most authoritative writings this solitary 
Western student was able to lead the most profound 
expositors of Buddhism into its deepest mysteries, 
and prove that they were utterly wrong in their 
estimate of its niost essential principles." (Miss 
Gordon Cumming, vol. I., pp. 289-90.) 



( 132 



Wesleyan Chapel, Dam Street, Pettah, Colombo — contd. 



Serial No. 
420 . 



Date. 

April 16 

1868 



Name. 

Robert Spence Hardy 



421 



Nov. 25 
1885 



Samuel Hill 



Inscription. 

In memory of the Rev. Robert Spence Hardy^ 
Honorary Member of the Royal Asiatic 
Society and late General Superintendent of the 
Wesleyan Mission in South Ceylon. As a devoted 
Christian, the author of many works of learning 
and piety, and an able and zealous Minister of 
Christ, he glorified God and promoted the welfare 
of mankind. After labouring as a missionary in 
Ceylon for 22 years and making fuU proof of his 
ministry in various parts of Great Britain, he died 
at Headingley, near Leeds, April 16th, 1868> 
Aged 64 years. 

Robert Spence Hardy wrote several books and 
papers on Buddhism, e.g., " Eastern Monachism " in 
1850; "A Manual of Buddhism" in 1853; "The 
Sacred Book of the Buddhists " in 1863 ; the article 
on " Gotama Buddha " in the "Encyclopaedia Britan- 
nica" ; " A Word Book in Three Parts in EngUsh and 
Singhalese" in 1843; "Jubilee Memorials of the 
Wesleyan Mission in Ceylon " in 1864. 

In 1865 he returned to England, " leaving behind 
him a reputation for profound scholarly learning. 
His works were among the first to awaken the interest 
in the faith of 470,000,000 of their feUow men." (Miss 
Gordon Gumming, vol. I., p. 291.) 

Rev. Samuel Hill, Principal of Wesley College and 
Superintendent of this circuit. He died November 
25th, 1885, aged 31, after an earnest and success- 
full career as a Missionary for Christ. 



Baptist Church, Cinnamon Gardens, Colombo. 



422 



June 2 
1844 



Ebenezer Daniel 



423 



Nov. 2 
1849 



Jacob Davies 



In gratitude to Almighty God and in affectionatfr 
remembrance of the eminent virtues of the Revd. 
Ebenezer Daniel, Minister of the Gospel in 
connection with the Baptist Mission, who after a 
period of 14 years' labour in Ceylon 

In joumeyings often 

In weariness and painfulness 

In watchings often 

In hunger and thirst 

In fastings often 

In cold and nakedness 
died at Colombo 
on the 2nd day of June, 1844, in tne sixtiecn year 
of his age. 
This tablet was erected from the voluntary subscrip- 
tions of christians of all denominations. The 
surplus was by the desire of the subscribers 
remitted to his orphan children. 

This tablet was removed from the Baptist Chapel 
in Prince street, Pettah, when that building was 
closed in 1905. The remains were at the same time 
removed to the General Cemetery. 

" Chater, om- pioneer Missionary of the B.M.S., 
was followed by Ebenezer Daniel, called the ' Apostle 
of Ceylon.' When exhuming the remains in May 
last for re-interment in the Cemetery, curiously 
enough a gentleman's glove in good preservation was 
found in the grave. It is believed to have been a 
custom when the Governor of the Colony attended a 
funeral for him to throw his glove in the grave above 
the coffin. We shall be glad if any of our readers 
can enlighten us further as to this." (" Baptist 
Intelligencer " for November, 1905.) 

In affectionate remembrance of the eminent piety 
and learning of The Revd, Jacob Davies, Baptist 
Missionary, who after a period of 5 years' labour 
in Ceylon died at Colombo on the 2nd of November, 
1849, in the 34th year of his age. 

This tablet has been erected by christians of all 
denominations who attend his preaching and 
exhortations. 



( 133 ) 



Baptist Church, Cinnamon Gardens, Colombo— cowirf. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


423 .. 


Nov. 2 
1849 


. . Jacob I>a,vies—contd. 



424 



May 22 
1859 



Christopher Elliott 



Inscription. 

He is buried outside Wolvendaal Cliurch, where 
there is a tombstone with inscription which states 
that his age was 38. According to the newspapers 
ho died of cholera, which had been raging among 
the men of the 37th Regiment at Colombo. 
In February, 1849, the Rev. Jacob Davies 
espoused the cause of the Kandyans against 
Lord Torfington's Government and the new taxes. 
His son, James Acworth Davies, was the most 
eminent Judge of his time in the Madras Civil 
Service (1868-1906), and died as Sir J. A. 
Davies, September 17, 1906, after serving many 
years as a Judge of the High Court, Madras. 

" Poor Mr. Davies of the Baptist Mission died 
on February the 2nd, and was buried at the 
Wolfendal Church yesterday, Mr. Palm officiating. 
He suffered much from the climate, and the 
immediate cause of his death was an attack 

of dysentery I have often heard the truth 

revealed by him with a clearness, force, and 
eloquence that seemed to be peculiar to him, and 
in which he was unrivalled." (" Sir R. Morgan," 
by Wm. Digby, pp. 157-58.) 

In memory of Christopher Elliott, M.D. , Principal 
Civil Medical Officer, a deacon of this church, and 
a preacher of the Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ 
to the congregations assembling in this place. 

As a servant of Christ 
An enlightened citizen 
A discerning philanthropist 
And a skilful physician. 

Having served his day and generation well — ^he died 
in the Lord at Colombo, on May 22nd, 1859, aged 
49 years. This tablet is erected by the members 
of the church and congregation with whom he was 
wont to worship. 

He was born at Clonmore in the barony of 
Ivert, County Kilkenny. He married (1) in 
1837 Jessie Selina, daughter of Mr. William 
Clark, a merchant who was the first to import 
Manchester goods into Ceylon, and (2) in.l858 Miss 
Bessie Scott of Woodstown, County Waterford. 
He is buried outside Wolvendaal Church, where 
there is a tombstone with inscription to himself 
and his wife Jessie, "who died 7th March, 1855, 
aged 47." 

"Before the advent of a free press in 1834, 
in the shape of the Observer, the Colombo Journal 
had been issued from the Government Printing 
Office, and was the repertory of much valuable 
information. Besides the Governor, his son-in-law 
Mr. Tufnell, and Mr. George Lee, the Post- 
master-General, wrote for the paper, and so 
did many officials. When the Journal was stopped 
by order of the Home Government and the 
Chronicle established to oppose the Observer, 
under the editorship of the late Mr. C. ElUott, 
Mr. George Lee was constituted editor of the 

Chronicle, and wrote with much smartness 

Dr. BlHott, Mr. Lee's opponent in the press, 
and the opponent of the Governor, whom the 
latter certainly did not surprise, was an Irishman 
of much ability and strong convictions, which 
he expressed with the warmth natural to his 
countrymen. As a journalist he may, like the rest 
of us, have sometimes erred, but he was always 
honestly anxious for the welfare of his adopted 
country and the cause of justice, truth, and pure 
Christianity. In private life he was a good man, 
humane and charitable to a degree, and ever 
ready to help the poor, the friendless, and 
the oppressed. This is but an inadequate tribute 
to the memory of one with whom for many 
years I was most intimately associated, and 
to whose post in the press of Ceylon I 
succeeded when he was appointed the first Principal 
Civil Medical Officer of Ceylon, dying too soon 



( 134 ) 

Baptist Church, Cinnamon Gardens, Colombo — contd. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

424 . . May 22 . . Christopher Elliott — conld. . . thereafter for the interests of the country and 

2859 people he loved so warmly and served so well. 

Although Messrs. E. J. Darby and George Winter 
had preceded him in the editorship of the Observer, 
Dr. Elliott was really the father of the free 
press in Ceylon, and as such, as well as Christian 
philanthrophist and useful medical man, was 
worthy of having his memory held in high 
honour." (Mr. A. M. Ferguson, C.M.G., in a 
lecture given in 1886, published at the Ceylon 
Observer Office.) 

" Dr. C. Elliott, who was then the proprietor 
and chief conductor of the Observer. A warm- 
hearted Irishman, our late friend threw the 
whole energy of his nature into whatever cause 
he advocated, and I do not think I exceed the 
truth when I say that mainly to his personal 
influence and efforts were due the attention 
which Ceylon affairs then received in the 
Parliament and Press of Britain, culminating in 
the recall of the Governor, the Colonial Secretary 
(Sir J. E. Teiment), and Mr. (now Sir Philip) 
Wodehouse. It is very true that Mr. Henry 
Baillie in leading the movement, and Mr. Disraeli 
and others in supporting it, may have had party 
objects in view to some extent. But no charge 
of this nature could he against such men as the 
late Robert Peel, Gladstone, John Bright, 
Joseph Hume, and other independent statesmen. 
A flood of light was, by means of the evidence 
taken by the Parhamentary Committee and the 
papers produced, thrown on many social and 
political questions of great interest connected 
with Ceylon, and one great principle was decided 
on, — that, at whatever cost, the agents of Govern- 
ment through whom the people were ruled and 
through whom justice was administered should be 
spread over the land, until it would be impossible 
again for any large section of the people to be 
able to say, as many of the Matale rebels said, that 
they had never seen the face of a white man. 

" The lectvu'er, having been Dr. Elliott's asso- 
ciate, and having fought by his side all through the 
exciting period of 1848-50, may not be supposed 
capable of delivering an impartial opinion on the 
part which Dr. Elliott and the Observer took in the 
controversies of that day. But, while admitting 
that errors were committed and some things 
written which were afterwards regretted, I think 
I may claim that we were actuated by a desire 
to vindicate justice and right, and to promote 
the best interests of the country of our adoption. 
Lord Torrington, who several times consulted his 
Council as to the expediency of arresting the 
conductors of the Observer, subsequently. met Dr. 
Elliott on terms of cordial goodwill, while Sir 
Emerson Tennent has acknowledged in his 
published works such aid as the lecturer, his old 
political opponent, was able to render him in his 
great and greatly successful efforts to illustrate the 
history, progress, and position of Ceylon. He 
carried to his grave the respect of rulers and 
people." {Ibid.) 

He came out to Ceylon in 1834, and was 
stationed at Badulla. He resigned this appoint- 
ment in 1836, for private practice and a guarantee 
of £300 a year as Editor of the Golombo Observer. 

Like his successor in the editorship , he certainly 
had a bitter tongue, and during his regime the 
Observer was almost entirely taken up with 
vehement attacks on most of the more prominent 
European officials of the time. From the Colonial 
Secretary (Mr. P. Anstruther) down, no one escaped. 
Sir Arthur BuUer, Mr. Saunders, Mr. Cripps, &c., 
all had their turn, and so had the " Puseyites " 
among the Government chaplains, who preached 
in " white gowns," or had choral services. He was 
appointed Principal Civil Medical Officer in 1858, 
when the department was freed from military 
control. He was succeeded by Dr. W. P. Charsley. 
He was the father of Edward Elhott, C.C.S., 
1863-97. 



( 135 ) 



Baptist Church, Cinnamon Gardens, Colomho—contd. 



Serial No. 
425 . 



Date. 

April 30 

1866 



Name. 

James Allen 



Inscription. 
Sacred to the memory of the Revd. James Allen^ 
who, after a laborious career of twenty years in 
this Island, as a missionary of the Gospel in 
connection with the Baptist Missionary Society, 
died at Colombo on April 30th, 1866, aged 56 years. 
At the time of his death, as for many years pre- 
viously, he was pastor of the church meeting in 
this place, and was to its members and to all whom 
his ministry reached a faithful and eloquent 
preacher of the Gospel of the Grace of God. The 
church and congregation to whom he so long 
ministered have erected this tablet in affectionate 
regard to his memory. 

" Mr. Allen preached a very impressive sermon" 
at the funeral of the Rev. Mr. Davies at Wolvendaal. 
" Heard of Mr. Allen's death after five days' fever. 
A good man is lost to the world ; but he has become 
one of the garnered treasures of heaven." (" Sir R. 
Morgan," Digby, p. 313.) 



St. Lucia's Cathedral, Colombo. 



426 



July 5 
1905 



Theophili Andrese Melizan . 



Heic. Sita. Sunt. Ossa. 
Theophili Andrew Melizan 
Gongr. Oblrum B.M.V.I. 
Archiepi, Columben. Seeundi 
E Galha Flagitante. Populo 

Translata 
Magno Xti fidehum Concursu 
X Kal Jan MCMVI. Sepulta 
Qui Massihee V. Kal. Oct. MDCCCXLIV. Natus 
Ecclesiis Jaffnensi Decem 
Columbensi Duodecim Annis 
Faustissime Rectis 

A. Pio P.P.X. Pontificio SoUo Assistens 
Romanusque Comes Creatus 
Dilectus Deo et Hominibus 
Tolosse Obiit V Kal Jul MCMV 
R.I.P. 



St. Philip Neri's Church, Pettah, Colombo. 



427 



Aug. 15 
1860 



Guiseppe Maria Bravi 



Heic situs est in pace Christi 

JosEPHUS Maeia Bkavi 

domo monte sancto in Piceno 

ab adolescentia alumnus famihse Silvestrin. 

episcopus Columbi in insula Ceylana 

cujus eximia virtus 

in Indis ab errore ad Evangelii legem vertendis 

fructus uberes tuUt 

morbo quo conflictabatur 

decessit in Erythrseo ItaUam repetens 

An. MDCCCLX. die festo D.N. Marise in coelum receptae 

quo die quindecim ante annis 

Ceylanum littus attigerat 

annum agebat XLVII. 

Vive in Deo 

eique bonas pro tuis Indis preces 

ad.move. 

He died on board the Nubia, near Suez. He was 
Bishop of Tipasa, i.p.i., and Vicar Apostolic of 
Colombo. 

" Sunday, 13th January, 1850. — ^Attended St. 
Lucia's Cathedral to witness the consecration of my 

friend Bravi Bishop Gaetano Antonio officiated 

as consecrator. " (" Diary of Sir Richard Morgan' .s 
Life," vol. I., p. 163.) 



( 136 ) 



St. Mary's Church, Bolawatta, Colombo. 



Serial No. 
428 .. 



Date. 

Aug. 7 

1857 



Name. 

Horatius Bettachini 



Inscription. 
Hie jacet 
HoEATius Bettachini 

Italus 
Ep Torons. et Primus 
Jaffnse V. Ap. 
Qui multis laboribus et contrariets. non paues. eum, 
ad, Per D. Js. Xum. mores, reformum. lucmg. 
Evangm. intr. pagas. propagm. per 14 ans. et 10 
mens, sincro. zelo et frucu. laborans, tandem 
post diutm. crudelm. hecticam invic. patienta. 
latam, pane coel. dev. refects. Redemptori suo 
animam tradidit VII. Kal. Aug. A.D. 1857. 
R.I.P. 
He was Bishop of Torona, i.p.i. , and Vicar Apostolic 
of Jaffna. 



St. Anthony's Church, Kochchikade, Colombo. 



429 



Aug. 3 
1892 



Christopher Ernest Bonjean 



Hie jacet 
Cheistophortjs Eenesttts Bonjeatst 

Congr. Oblrum Marise Immtse 

Archiepiscopus Columbensis primus 

pontificio soUo assistens 

comes romanus 
pastor vigUantissimus 
scriptis, verbo et opere clarus 
veritatis ardens propugnator 
christianse Juventutis pie educandae 
f autor assiduus 
e Ricomago Arvernorum 
oriilndus 
rexit 
Jafeiensem ecclesiam quindecim 
Columbensem annis novem 
Obiit Columbi die III., Aug. MDCCCXCII. 
Jlltatis suse anno LXIX. 
R.I.P. 



General Cemetery, Colombo. 



430 



431 



May 5 
1866 



Jan. 5 
1867 



Fanny Caley 



Henry Byerley Thompson 



Sacred to. the Memory of Fanny, wife of J. A. 
Caley, Esq. , CCS. , died 5th May, 1866. Aged 32. 

James Augustus Caley was in the PubUc Works 
Department, 1844-68, and retired as Assistant Civil 
Engineer. This was the first burial in the new 
cemetery. 

In memory of The Honourable Heney Byerley 
Thompson, late Puisne Justice of the Supreme 
Court. Died 5th January, 1867. 

He was a son of Dr. Anthony Todd Thompson, and 
married at Brighton on June 3, 1858, Sarita, daughter 
of Count de Beaumont. He had been appointed 
Queen's Advocate, Ceylon, on May 3 of that year. 
He acted as Junior Puisne Justice in 1861-62, and was 
confirmed in that office on January 1, 1863. The 
circumstances attending his death were tragic. His 
body was found on the sand of the seabeach opposite 
the residence of Sir E. B. Creasy at Wellawatta, 
where he had been residing diMUxg the absence of the 
latter. " The body lay on the sand with the waves 
dashing over it. The probability seems to be that 
having deposited his hat and umbrella on the beach, 
and stooping to bathe his face with the sea water, he 
had fallen forward, and from the state of his health 
was unable to recover himself and so was drowned. 
The verdict at the inquest was fotind drowned. The 
idea of suicide seems out of the question." The 
Ceylon Observer adds : " The state of Mr. Thompson's 



( 137 



General Cemetery, Colombo— co^^ri. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


431 .. 


Jan. 5 
1867 


. . Henry Byerley Thompson 

contd. 



432 



Sept. 10 
1869 



Francis Edward Hall 



433 



April 18 
1870 



Prideaux Selby 



434 



Dec. 20 
1873 



Arthur Mainwaring 



Inscription, 
general healtla — indicated by his appearance — ^was 
such as to show how hazardous the experiment of his 
return to this climate was. • For some time before his 
death he liad suffered from fever and sleeplessness , to 

relieve which he imprudently resorted to opiates 

So has passed away a man originally of fine parts, 
of considerable learning and fair ability as a writer. 
He was the author of several works, prominent among 
which was a clever book, ' The Choice of a Profession.' ' ' 
{Ceylon Obsemer, January 7, 1867.) His age was 44. 
He also compiled " The Institutes of the Laws of 
Ceylon," published in 1866, a book that used to be 
useful for Civil Service examinations in Ceylon. His 
youngest brother, JohnCockburn, was drowned while 
batning in the sea at Tenby in South Wales on May 
26, 1860. 

Francis Edward Hall, Madras C.S., born 26th 
December, 1843, died 10th September, 1869. 

He was Assistant Collector of South Arcot, and he 
died at the Seamen's Hospital, Colombo. He had 
embarked on the Mahratta atMangalore on September 
3, en route to North Arcot, and landed at Colombo on 
September 8 suffering from fever. There was some 
difficulty about procuring his speedy admission into 
hospital , which gave rise to comments in the papers 
and an official inquiry, in which Dr. Willisford was 
involved. 

Sacred to the memory of Prideaux Selby, of the 
Ceylon Civil Service, and eldest son of the late 
Henry Collin gwood Selby, Esq., Queen's Ad- 
vocate of the Island, who died suddenly in 
Colombo, April 18th, 1870. Aged 26. 

Prideaux Selby was in the Civil Service 1865- 
1870. He was acting as Police Magistrate, &c., of 
Point Pedro from May 16, 1863, when he was on 
March 2, 1865, appointed to a Writership. He 
acted as PoUce Magistrate at Jaffna from December 
16, 1865, to February 1 , 1866. He obtained the fixed 
appointment at Point Pedro on February 1, 1866, 
and that of Assistant Government Agent, Kurunegala, 
on August 1, 1867. He acted as District Judge, 
Matara, from January 1 to April 7, 1868, when 
he was appointed to act at Colombo as Police 
Magistrate until June 30, 1868. He was the son of 
Henry Collingwood Selby, Queen's Advocate, 1848- 
1858, who came from the Cape with Sir Anthony 
OHphant, Chief Justice, 1840-1854. H. C. Selby's 
wife was a lady of Dutch descent from the Cape. He 
was highly respected in the Island. He had a brother , 
John Selby, who was an Advocate in Ceylon, and 
was associated with Dr. Elliott in the agitation 
against Lord Torrington and Sir James Emer- 
son Tennent, which arose over the seq\iel of the 
Matale rebellion of 1848. Another brother was an 
actor at the Adelphi Theatre when Benjamin Webster 
was lessee. A third brother was in the Indian Navy. 

Sacred to the memory of Arthur Mainwaring, 
Ceylon Civil Service. Died at Colombo, 20th 
December, 1873. Aged 30. 

Arthur Mainwaring was the eldest son of the Rev. 
John Mainwaring, M.A. , and married Mary Char- 
lotte, second daughter of Colonel Hamilton, C.B. , 
D.A.G.,late of the 78th Regiment, on June 17, 1867. 

He was Private Secretary to the 'Senior Puisne 
Justice, Mr. P. J. Sterling, in 1862, and in the Civil 
Service from 1865-1873. He was Registrar of 
Lands, North -Western Province, December 15, 1863. 
He acted as Commissioner of Requests and Police 
Magistrate, Harispattu (Galagedara), from November 
1, 1865, and was appointed a Writer, December 19, 
1865 ; Joint Police Magistrate, Kurunegala, April 1, 
1865 ; Police Magistrate, Haputale, December 17,1867 ; 
Acting Assistant Goverimient Agent, Kandy, June 
16, 1867 ; Landing and Tide Surveyor, Galle, February 
1, 1868; and Acting Landing Surveyor, Colombo, 
September 15, 1869. 



( 138 ) 



General Cemetery, Colombo— cow^cZ. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


435 .. 


Feb. 21 . 

1874 


. Johan Nietner 



436 



April 3 

1874 



Thomas McConnell 
John Rose Bain 
James Laing 



437 



438 



Feb. 21 

1884 



Sept. 28 
1884 



439 . . July 18 
1886 



440 . . July 31 

1887 



John Alexander Bell 



John Woodcock 



Edward Seymour Fowler 



William Ferguson 



441 



April 1 

1889 



John Studholme Brownrigg 



Inscription. 



J. NlETNEE. 1874. 

He was a planter and proprietor with Mr. Staniforth 
Green of Fernlands estate, Pundalu-oya, and was of 
considerable attainment as an entomologist. He 
contributed varioiis "Entomological Papers," being 
descriptions of a new Ceylon Coleoptera, to the Journal 
of the Bengal Asiatic Society of 1856-57, and to the 
Journal of the Ceylon Asiatic iSooiety, 1856-58. He 
wrote a pamphlet , ' ' The Coffee Tree and its Enemies ,' ' 
which was pubhshed in 1858 and again in 1880. He 
arrived at Colombo by the Bteaxnev Manchester , Captain 
J. Donnan, from Tuticorin, March 14, 1868, but this 
was not his first appearance in the Island, as he was 
in Colombo in the firm of A. and R. Crowe & Co. as 
early as 1853. In 1857 he became a planter and pro- 
prietor of Fernlands estate, Pundalu-oya, where he 
lived as superintendent. 

In memory of Thomas McConnell, who lost his Ufe 
whilst bathing near Mount Lavinia on 3rd April, 
1874. Aged 29 years. 

John Rose Bain, who lost his life on 3rd April, 
1874, trying to save his friend from drowning. 
Aged 34 years. 

James Laing, who lost his life on 3rd April, 1874, 
trying to save his friends from drowning. 

They were in this life true and happy friends even 
unto death, and now God with Thee they rest. 

Erected by their sincere friend D. Mackintosh. 
McConnell of Glasgow was of Messrs. Alstons, 
Scott & Co.'s milla at Borella ; Bain, of Tain, 
Rosshire, was Manager of the Ceylon Company's 
mills ; and Laing, whose age was 59, an Aberdeenshioe 
man, was Superintendent of the Bridge of Boats at 
Grandpass. McCormeU got into difficulties while 
bathing in the sea, and Bain and then Laing went to 
his assistance. 

John Alexander Bell. 

He was a planter on Hillside, Dolosbage, in the 
sixties ; afterwards Police Magistrate of Dimbula, 
" the planter magistrate." 

John Woodcock, Assistant Resident Engineer of the 
Minicoy Lighthouse, who died at Colombo from 
fever contracted in the erection of the above light- 
house, aged 43. 

Edwaed Seymour Fowler, C.C.S., 4th son of the 

Rev. Robert Fowler, M.A. , of Tunbridge Wells, 

Kent. 
This stone is raised by his mother and by his 

friends in Colombo, where he died aged 22. 

He had only been out a few months. 
William Feegitson, F.L.S., who died at Kelvin 

Grove, Colombo, aged 67. 

William Ferguson joined the Survey Department in 
1839. "He devoted his leisure to botany and ento- 
mology, and his knowledge of the plants and insects of 
Ceylon became most intimate. Many of his papers 
appeared in the Ceylon Observer and in the ' Tropical 
Agriculturist.' He pubhshed at Colombo 'The 
Scripture Botany of Ceylon,' n.d. ; ' Description of the 
Palmyra Palm,' 1850 ; 'The Timber Trees of Ceylon,' 
1863; 'Notes on Ceylon Ferns,' 1880; and ui the 
Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic 
Society, an ' En\uneration of Ceylon Grasses,' 1880.' 
(See Trimen, vol. V., p. 375.) 

He was for many years Superintendent of Works 
under the Colombo MunicipaUty. 

" A distinguished botanist and a keen lover of 
natural history in all its branches. " (" Two Happy 
Years in Ceylon," vol. I., p. 73.) 

General John Studholme Brownrigg, C.B. Born 
September, 1814. 

He was a son of John Studholme Brownrigg, 
M.P. for Boston, eldest brother of Governor Sir 
Robert Brownrigg. General J. S. Brownrigg was 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


441 


AprU 1 . 

1889 


. John Studholme Brownrigg — 

contd. 



( 139 ) 

General Cemetery, Colombo — contd. 

Inscription. 
Colonel of the 95th Regiment with which regiment he 
was in Ceylon in the forties. He married on September 
11, 1840, Katherine, second daughter of Sir W. H. 
William8Wynne,K.C.H. ,and (2) Beatrice Laura, the 
daughter of Chevalier L. des Anges. She married (2) 
Chas. Fitzroy Alox. Halifax Bagot. 

442 . . May 23 . . Anne Ferguson - . . Sacred to the memory of Anne Mackeeeas, the 

1890 beloved wife of A. M. Fbegtjson, who died at 

Dec. 26 . . Alastair Mackenzie Ferguson Colombo, aged 74. Her dying testimony was, 

1892 " I have known Christ for 60 years." 

Also Alastaie Mackenzie Feegtjson. Born at 
Cannon Bridge, Rossshire, Scotland, Jan. 23, 1816. 
" A ready writer." Ps. 45, 1. 

He " after he had served his own generation by the 
Will of God feU on sleep." Acts. 13, 36. 

A. M. Ferguson arrived with Governor Stewart 
Mackenzie by the ship Malabar, which left Byde on 
August 4, and arrived in Colombo roadstead on 
November 7, 1837. He opened an " Auction and 
Retail Commission Room" at Colombo on April 16, 
1838 ; he was shortly afterwards in the Survey De- 
partment, and was Acting PoUce Magistrate of Point 
Pedro when.onAugust 20, 1844, at Jaffna, he married 
Anne Mackerras of Colombo. He was in the Jaffna 
peninsula from June, 1841, to February, 1846, and it 
was while he was hving in 2nd Cross street with 
Richard Rudd that he and his brother William had 
a fracas with James Byles, Lieutenant John Brewse 
Kersteman of the Ceylon Rifles, the Commandant, 
and Daniel Quinton, the svirveyor who made a survey 
of Delft island. The rest of his Ufe may be said to 
be the history of the Ceylon Observer. 

Miss Gordon Cumming says of him, writing in 1891 
("Two Happy Years in Ceylon," vol. I., p. 72, 
1892) :— 

" A name closely associated with Ceylon for the last 
fifty years has been that of Mr. A. M. Ferguson, who 
for forty-four years has ably edited the leading news- 
paper of the Colony, The Ceylon Observer, and whose 
knowledge on all subjects connected with the Isle 
causes him to be regarded as a sort of Ceylonese Ency- 
clopaedia." 

The following account of the paper and his con- 
nection with it is taken from a recent issue : — 

" The Ceylon (as the Colombo) Observer was started, 
on 4th February, 1834, by the Colombo merchants 
as an organ to open for public criticism the Govern- 
ment of Sir R. Wilmo1>Horton, who had virtually 
established an official organ in the Colombo Journal, 
later changed, by orders from home, into the Oovern- 
ment Gazette. The late Mr. B. J. Darley, one of the 
founders of Messrs. Darley, Butler & Co., was for 
some time editor, but not so long as Mr. George 
Winter, formder of the well-known Baddegama firm 
and property. The merchants, getting tired of the 
press management, very soon sold the concern to 
the late Dr. Christopher Elliott. Dr. Elliott 
continued to be sole editor (as well as proprietor) of 
the little weekly, and, later, bi-weekly sheet, until 
1846, when he appointed as his editor Mr. A. M. Fer- 
guson, who had been a regular contributor, both in 
prose and poetry, from the day of his arrival in the 
Island in 1837. One of the greatest triumphs of the 
paper of Dr. Elliott and his editor was found in the 
Parliamentary inquiry, which resulted in the recall of 
Governor Lord Torrington and the resignation of 
Sir Emerson Tennent in 1849-50 ; and a unique 
service, we believe, in the history of the world's 
Newspaper Press, was the Observer ' Carrier Pigeon ' 
service, carried on for mail purposes, once a fortnight 
between Point de Galle and Colombo, the pigeons 
bringing two columns of news in from | hour to IJ 
hour for over 7 years — 1850 to 1857— the ' Fall of 
Sebastopol ' being thereby announced and a salute 
for the same fired from the Colombo ramparts many 
hours before the coach arrived with the steamer's 
mails. In 1859 Dr. Elhott was appointed the first 
" Principal Civil Medical OfiScer " of Ceylon, and had, 



( 140 ) 



General Cemetery, Colombo — contd. 



Serial X'.. 


Date. 


Name. 


442 .. 


May 23 . 
1890, &c. 


Anne Ferguson, &c, 



-contd. 



443 



June 21 
1892 



Thomas McCausland Twigg 



444 



1888-1892 



Men of the Gordon High- 
landers 



445 



Sept. 28 
1893 



Marcus Synnot Crawford 



446 



March 7 
1899 



Hayman Thornhill 



Inscription. 

accordingly, to sever his connection with the press,. 
and so sold the Observer and its business to Mr. A. M. 
Ferguson, who, in November, 1861 , got out his nephew 
as assistant editor and reporter. It was still the 
day of small things in Colombo — no Reuter's tele- 
grams, a fortnightly mail from Europe ; and yet the 
community enjoyed the luxury of a daily newspaper 
after a varied fashion ; for the Observer came out on 
Monday and Thursday, the ' Times ' on Tuesday 
and Friday, and the ' Examiner ' on Wednesday and 
Saturday. This continued for several years ; but in 
1867 at our suggestion the ' Colombo ' was changed 
to the Ceylon Observer and a tri-weekly issue begun ; 
while some years later it became a daily. The com- 
mencement of the Observer ' Hansard ' dates from 
1868, when verbatim reports of the Legislative Council 

proceedings were published Mr. A. M. 

Ferguson continued to be the active editor of the 
Observer (with latterly frequent intervals ' on the 
hills ' of ' Abbotsford ' which he loved so well) up 
to 1879, when he finally vacated his chair in the 
Observer office ; but he continued to read and write for 
the paper, wherever he was, up to the day of his 
lamented death in December, 1892, in his 77th year 
— completing 55 years' residence in the Colony, 33 as 
working editor and 46 in connection with the Observer 
altogether. And so when the Melbourne Exhibition 
came on in 1881, he was by one acclaim called to be 
' Commissioner,' and on his return was presented «vith 
a splendid testimonial, gold watch, plate, and purse, 
by the planters and merchants, while soon after came 
the honour of ' C.M.G.' " 

Mr. A. M. Ferguson, the proprietor of Abbotsford 
estate, Dimbula, is a son of Mr. A. M. Ferguson. 
Another son, Mr. Donald W. Ferguson, who died at 
Croydon on June 29, 1910, is well known as a writer on 
antiquarian and literary subjects, chiefly Portuguese 
and Dutch, connected with the Island, and as a 
contributor of various papers to the Royal Asiatic 
Society and to the Ceylon Branch of it. 

Thojmas McCausland Twigg, C.C.S., Eldest son of 
Rev. T. Twigg, Vicar of Swords, Ireland. Born in 

Dublin, 8th May, 1856. Died in Colombo 

Pater moerens posuit. 
He joined the Civil Service in 1878. He was Office 
Assistant to the Government Agent, Western Province, 
at the time of his death. He had been Commissioner 
of Requests, Colombo. He was of Trinity College, 
Dublin. 

In memory of Colour Sergeant G. Foot, Corporal J. 
HiTCHm, Lc. Corporals D. McLottghlin, E. H. 
Fabvell, Mc McDonotjgh (here follow the names 
of 23 privates). 

Erected by the OfiScers, Warrant Officers, Non-Com- 
missioned Officers, and Men of the 1st Battalion 
Gordon Highlanders, Ceylon. December, 1888, to 
January, 1892, Colombo, Kandy, Trincomalee. 

Marcus Synnot Crawford, of the Ceylon Civil 
Service, who was accidentally drowned while 
bathing at Mount Lavinia. Aged 38 years. 

Civil Service 1878-1893. Grain Commissioner. 
First Pohce Magistrate of Hatton, 1885. 

He was educated at Sherborne School and a scholar 
of Exeter College, Oxford, where he took a fffst 
class in classics at moderations and a second class 
at his degree examination in 1878. His father was 
Rector of Cookstown in Ireland, and commuted at 
the time of the disestabhshment of the Irish Church, 
and afterwards held the living of Milton Abbas. The 
father was a noted Trinity College, Dublin, scholar, 
and philologist of the old-fashioned school. 

In memory of Dr. Hayman Thornhill, B.A., M.B., 
the beloved husband of Cecelia Augusta Thorn- 
hill. Born 3rd May, 1849. 

At Rest. 

Erected by his brother officers in the Civil Medical 
Department. 



{ 141 ) 



General Cemetery, Colombo— con/c/. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


446 .. 


March 7 
1899 


Hayman Thornhill- 



447 



Dec. 4 
1899 



Lionel Frederick Lee 



448 



Nov. 21 
1900 



James Meaden 






At' 



■■/" 



rfa 



449 



April 1 
1901 



Harold L. Lowrie 



450 



Nov. 26 
1901 



Charles Stuart Knox 



Inscription. 
-contd. He was originally in the Naval Medical Service , and 

married on December 7, 1874, Cecilia Augusta, 
daughter of Mr. John S. Harper, Naval Storekeeper 
of Trincomalee. He was of Trinity College, Dublin, 
and son of William Johnstone Thornhill, Prebendary 
of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Rector of Rathcoob, 
Diocese of Dublin, by his first wife Mary Anne 
Young; his second wife, whom he married at St. 
Andrew's, Dublin, on September 6, 1871, being 
Louiza Augusta Grove Annesley, daughter of 
Lieutenant-General Arthur Grove Annesley. 

. . In memory of Lionel Feedebick Leb, Treasurer of 
this Colony. Born Deer. 4th, 1845. Entered into 
rest Deer. 4th, 1899. ' ' 

The Lord is good and His mercy is everlasting. 
This stone is erected by his brother Civil Servants 
and many other friends iatoken of the high regard 
in which theyheld him. 

He was in the Civil Service, 1864-1899, and was 
Superintendent of the Census of 1881 and of 1891, 
when acting as Registrar-General. He served at 
Kegalla, Tangalla, Galle, Matara, and Jaffna as Dis- 
trict Judge, and as Principal Collector of Customs and 
as Fiscal at Colombo and Kandy. He was a son of 
George Lee, C.C.S., 1831-1860. George Lee was a 
highly accomplished literary man, son of an Amster- 
dam merchant who came out in 1831 on the staff of 
Sir R. Wihnot Horton, and was " Superintendent of 
the Printing Press ' ' and editor of the Ceylon Chronicle , 
which was started on May 3, 1837, and discontinued 
on September 3, 1838. He was Postmaster-General 
from 1844 to 1860. He married Miss Martha Austin, 
daughter of James Austin and Sophia Hill, at Kandy, 
on October 2, 1841, who had come out in the same 
ship with him in that year, and another of his sons 
is Henry Austin Lee, of the Forejgn Office. Lionel 
Lee married, on August 1, 1868, EUen Annie, fourth 
daughter of Robert Wright Norfor, Commissioner of 
Stamps, Madras. 

. . Lt.-Col. J. Meaden, of the Ceylon Rifles and late 
57th Regt. Died at Colombo aged 69. 

He was a son of Captain David Meaden (No. 175), 
and was born April 21, 1831. He joined the Ceylon 
Rifles as 2nd Lieutenant, February 27, 1852 ; Captain, 
May 19, 1857 ; was stationed at Trincomalee when the 
regiment was reduced in 1870. "When Colonel 
Meaden was stationed at Trincomalee in 1872, within 
easy reach of the brackish lake Tamblegam, he went 
out snipe shooting on seventeen days between January 
and April and bagged 482^- couple, the highest record 
being fifty-two couple one day, the lowest being two 
couple." (" Two Happy Years," vol. II., p. 90.) 

He married at Galle, November 16, 1861, Susan, 
third daughter of John Joachim Vanderspar of Galle. 

"Had not Captain Meaden, whilst digging the 
foundation of his house near the lake of Kandy, also 
discovered hidden wealth of fabulous amount, and 
from being a very poor man had he not suddenly 
become a very rich man ? " (" Autobiography of a 
Periya Durai," p. 388.) Whether there is any truth 
in this story the compiler knows not. There is some 
corroboration of it. Is there not land at Kandy still 
described in deeds as " Captain Meaden's land" ? 

. . Habgld L. Lowhib, 3rd Engineer, H. M. Transport 
Atlantian, who was killed by a shark whilst bathing 

in Colombo Harbour, aged 25 years. 

Erected as a token of respect by members of the 
crew and a few friends. 

His leg was bitten off. He was picked up and taken 
on board the P. & O. ss. Borne , but died the same day 
on board the Atlantian. 

. . Captain Charles Sttjabt Knox, The Gloucestershire 

Regt. B. 22nd September, 1872 Erected 

by his Brother Officers. 

The 1st Battahon Gloucestershire Regiment, 
formerly the 28th Foot, came to Ceylon from South 
Africa in 1900 in charge of Boer prisoners, and was 
stationed at Diyatalawa and Ragama Camps. 

82-09 



( 142 ) 



Serial No. 


Datp. 


Name. 


451 .. 


March 22 . 
1627 


Philip de Oliveyra 



Colombo Museum. 

There are four Portuguese tombstones at the Colombo Museum, and another stone with a Portuguese 
inscription. The stones which bore the first two inscriptions given below have upfortunately disappeared. 

Inscription. 

. . SEPULTTTEA DO CAPITAO MOE E GOVEENADOK DESTE 
EEYNO PHELIPE DB OUVEYEA, CONQT7ISTADOE 

d'elle, e fttndadoe de TODAS SUAS IGEEJAS. 
goveenotj nove anos, nos quaes venceo em 
batalha tees EEYS. FOY SETJ FALECIMENTO 
COERENDO A EEA, PE. 1627, OS DIAS, A 22 DE 
MARCO ; SENDO DE IDADE DB 53 AJSTOS. DEYXOXT O 
EBYNO i^ PAZ, E QUIETACAO, A SETJ DEOS, E A 
SETT EEY. 

" The grave of the Captain Major and Governor of 
this Kingdom, Phelipe de OUvejrra, the conqueror 
thereof and the founder of all its churches. He held 
the Government for nine years, in the course of which 
he conquered three kings in battle. His death occurred 
on March 22, 1627, when he was 53 years of age. He 
left the kingdom at peace and in tranquiUity, to his 
God and to his King." 

Phelipe de Oliveyra was buried in the middle of 
the Capela Mor, close to the steps of (the image of ?) 
Our Lady of Miracles (presumably in the church called 
after her). After a year it was proposed to transfer 
his bones to the Convent of St. Francis in Colombo, 
but finally they were placed in an urn which was let 
into a wall of the chapel and closed with a block of 
stone. At the top of this were inscribed his arms, at 
the bottom 3 crowns and the royal sceptres. In the 
middle, on an azure ground, was engraved the inscrip- 
tion given above. 

The information is taken from De Queyroz, book 
IV., chap. 6. (Conquista Temporal e. Espiritua) 
de Ceilao.) 



452 



1536 



Lulz Monteiro 



Aqvi iaz Lviz Monteiro de Setvvel 
o primerio vigairo confirmado e primaz 
nesta ilha de Ceilao 
qve edefiqvov esta terra de igreias e cristaos 
e fez Sao L90 e esta casa 
com aiutorio dos fies cristaos e sev. 
Ho gram iuizo esperamdo 
iaco aqui nesta morada 
da vida camsada 
descamsaodo 
e dos gramdes trabalhos e desaras de Ceilao 
na era de 1536. 

The above is Mr. D. W. Ferguson's reading of the 
inscription on a tombstone which, in 1836, was 
discovered at the Battenberg basticyi in the Fort, 
Colombo, by some workmen engaged in clearing 
away some accumulated rubbish and remains of old 
buildings. The stone has since disappeared. Mr. 
Ferguson remarks : — 

" The only word I am doubtful about in the above 
is ' Lviz . ' Cunha Rivara' s version reads ' Luiz , ' which 
seems the best solution. The correct translation is 
as follows : — 

" Here lies Luiz (?) Monteiro of Setuvel, the first 
confirmed vicar and primate in this island of Ceylon, 
who edified (or built up) this land with churches and 
Christians, and built Saint Lawrence and this house 
with the help of the faithful Christians and his own. 

' Awaiting the great judgment, 
I lie here in this abode. 
From toilsome life 
Resting.' 
And from the great labours (or troubles) and dis- 
honours of Ceylon, in the year 1536. 
"Regarding Lmz (?) Monteiro, I have failed to 
obtain any information beside what is told us in his 
epitaph. The church of Sao Lourenjo, or Saint 
Lawrence, was the oldest in Colombo, and stood near 
where the root of the breakwater now is, and where 
the Battenberg bastion used to be ; in fact, where the 
stone was discovered. It and the ' house ' connected 



( 143 ) 



Colombo Museum— contd. 



■Serial No. 
452 . 



Date. 
1536 



Name. 
Luiz Monteiro — contd. 



453 



June 23 
1565 



Fernando Rodriguez 



Inscription, 
with it are shown, I think, in Ressende's plan of 
Colombo. The church gave its name to the older of 
the two parishes into which the Portuguese city was 
divided (Ribeii'o , I. , xii. ) . It will be noticed that in the 
epitaph occur foui' lines of verse, rhyming 1, 2, 2, 1, 
and here comes in a very curious fact, to which Mr. 
David Lopes of Lisbon drew my attention some years 
ago. It is that on the tombstone of the great 
Portuguese poet Gil Vicente the very same lines (with 
a slight difference) are found." 

For a further discussion as to how these lines came 
to be used on stones so far apart as Evora and 
Colombo, and as to the fate of the Colombo stone, 
see Journal R.A.S., C.B., vol. XVIII., pp. 362-6. 

Aqui jaz Helena Roiz molher que foy de Pernao 
Roiz qus mataras em Berberim Falaceo a 23 de 
Junho de 1565 Anos. 

[Here lies Helena Roiz, who was wife' of Fbenando 
Roiz, whom they murdered at Berberim. Died 
on the 23rd of Jime in the year 1665.] 

This stone was dug up near the site of the Batten- 
berg battery in the Fort of Colombo nearly thirty 
years ago, when the Breakwater works were 
begun. (See Journal R.A.S., C.B., vol. XVIII., 
p. 360.) 

He probably met his death " in the general mas- 
sacre by Tribuli Pondar " at Beruwala. (Donald 
Ferguson.) »■ 



454 



March 19 
1624 



Bras Munes 



Pater Noster Ave Maria Pola alma de Bkas Munes 

que faleceo em 19 de Marco de 1624 esta he sua 

sepultura e de seus herdeiros. 
[A pater noster, an ave Maria, for the soul of Beas 

MoNiz, who died on the 19th ctf March, 1624. This 

is his tomb and that of his heirs.] 

This stone was discovered a few years ago near the 
site of the Battenberg battery in the Fort. (See 
Journal B.A.S., C.B., vol. XVIII., p. 360.) 



455 



1646 



Joana Godinho 



ESTA SEPVLTVEA HE DE lOANA GODINHA E DE SEVS 
EEDEIEOS O QUAL FES HVM FO POE NOME JOAO DA 
FOCA. 

" This tomb is of Joana Godinho and of her heirs, 
which was made by one named Joao da Fonseca." 
The contraction " Foca " evidently represents " Fon- 
seca," and Mr. F. H. de Vos has identified the arms 
as those of Joan de Fonseca. " Godinha " is a 
mistake of the engraver for "Godinho," and " o qual" 
for " a qual." 

Inscription under a coat of arms consisting of a 
shield charged with five stars arranged 2,1, 2, and 
underneath the shield the date 1646. 

This stone was disinterred some fifteen years ago 
from an old well near the Gordon Gardens in Colombo 
' Fort, which was formerly a burial ground. 



456 



1647 



" Capella dos irmaos da confraria do santiss Rosario 
seu arco novamente feito na era de 1647 sendo 
prezidente Balthzar da Veiga." 

[" Chapel of the Brethren of the Confraternity of the 
most Holy Rosary. Its arch was rebuilt in. the 
year 1647, Balthzar da Veiga being President."] 

Inscription showing that it once stood (over the 
main doorway probably) in the wall of the chapel of 
a Portuguese religious house. 

" In the 17th century there was in India a Portu- 
guese, wealthy and pious, it seems, named Balthazar da 
Veiga, much affectioned to the Jesuits, who died 14th 
January, 1652, and his remains lie in the Sacristy of 
the well-known Church of Bom Jesus,, Old Goa, on a 
sarcophagus, with epitaph, granted by the Society of 
Jesus. (Professor Graeias of New Goa.)" 



( 144 ) 



Colombo Museum— contd. 



Serial No. 
457 .. 



Date. 
July 14 
1648 



Name. 

Paulo Gomes Maria de 
Miranda 



Inscription. 



" Esta sepultra he de Po Gomes e de su (a molher) 
Maria de Miranda falesco A 14 de Julho de 1648 
(An) OS." 

[" This tomb is of Paulo Gomes and of his (wife) 
Maria de Miranda, died on the 14th July, 1648 

"] 

This stone had apparently, after its removal from 
the Portuguese church or burial ground in the Fort, 
where it was originally placed, been used for some 
building demolished probably at the time the Break- 
water was begun ; for it has two holes drilled across 
the surface of the face of the stone, one transversely 
and the other longitudinally at the foot. 



Junction of Queen Street and Prince Street, Fort, Colombo. 



458 



March 19 
1838 



Edward Barnes 



Lieutenant-General Sir Edward Barnes, G.C.B., 
K.M.T., K.S.A. 

Erected by the European and native inhabitants of 
Cejlon and friends in Ceylon and India to testify 
their respect and affection for his person and to 
perpetuate the memory of his distinguished mih- 
tary services and the important benefits conferred 
by him upon this Colony during his administra- 
tion of the Government from 1820 to 1822 and 
from 1824^1831. He died March, 1838. Aged 
62 years. 

He died on March 19. This statue stands at the 
end of Prince street, and facing down it as the begin- 
ning of the road from Colombo to Kandy, which was 
made during Sir Edward Barnes' administration and 
at his initiation. It is said that when it was objected 
that there were mountains and rivers in the way, his 
answer was, "Blast the rocks and dam the rivers." 
The statue is by Weeks, and was erected on June 18, 
1847. There is a painting of him in the Kandy 
Library, which was subscribed for by tlie members 
in 1838. 

He arrived at GaUe by the Dauntless on July 19, 
1819, and took command as Commander-in-Chief of 
the Forces in Ceylon, and was appointed Lieutenant- 
Governor, February 1, 1820, on the departure of 
Governor Brownrigg. He left in 1822. 

He had been in the 31st and 99th Regiments ; 
served on the staff in Spain and Portugal, and was in 
command of a brigade at the battles of Vittoria, the 
Pyrenees, Nivelle, Mve', and Orthes, also in the 
Netherlands campaign and France in 1818; was 
severely wounded at Waterloo. He was a Knight of 
the Austrian Order of Maria Theresa and of the First 
Class of St. Anne of Russia. 

He was appointed Governor, and arrived by the 
Hercules on January 18, 1824, and assumed the 
Government. He left for Calcutta on October 13, 
1831, having been appointed Commander-in-Chief in 
India. He was recalled in 1834 " in consequence of a 
difference of opinion with the Viceroy on the subject 
of the necessity for an army of exercise in the North- 
west Provinces diaring the cool season." 

He married, July 3, 1823, Maria, eldest daughter of 
Walter Fawkes, Esq., of Famley Hall, Yorkshire. 
Their youngest daughter, Amelia Henrietta, married 
the Rev. William Parry, vicar of Timsbury, Hants. 
She died at Sork-el-Gharb, Mount Lebanon, Ss^ria, 
March 30, 1874. 

" Such a true soldier as Sir Edward Barnes, whose 
equal for largeness of heart, generosity, and nobleness 
of mind I have never known in my position of life. 
He was a commander for whom any soldier would 
have considered it the highest privilege to have served 
even unto death. It was impossible to ride in his. 
cortige without being inspired with the most devote 



( 145 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


458 .. 


March 19 . 
1838 


. Edward Barnes — contd 



Junction of Queen Street and Prince Street, Fort, Colomho— contd. 

Inscription, 
enthusiasm. How weU any raan who ever served 
under that perfect soldier can realize the description 
the late Sir Robert Arbuthnot gave of a desperate 
attack which he once saw Sir Edward make on a 
French position. The scene of the attack was an 
orchard, walled all round, to which he took his brigade 
up in open columns of companies ; and then having 
fired his men with his own enthusiasm, he rode his 
charger on the wall, cocked hat in hand, and cleared 
it in the most splendid style. Sir Robert Arbuthnot 
said it was the finest sight and most effective attack 
he had ever witnessed. Sir Edward was at the time an 
exceedingly fine, handsome man." (Skinner, p. 67.) 



In the Museum Grounds, Colombo. 



459 



1892 



William Henry Gregory . , 



The Right Honourable Sir William Gregoby, 
K.C.M.G., Governor of Ceylon. Erected by the 
inhabitants of the Island to commemorate the 
many benefits conferred by him upon the Colony 
durmg his administration of the Government from 
1872 tp 1877. He died in 1892. 

A statue. The creation of the North-Central 
Province, the resuscitation of Anuradhapura, the 
encouragement of irrigation, and the " Gregory Lake" 
at NuwaraBliya were his most notable achievements 
as Governor. 

Sir William Gregory was the only son of Robert 
Gregory of Coole Park, Gort, Covmty Galway, by his 
wife Elizabeth O'Hara of Rahoon. He says this of 
his ancestry : " My great-grandfather was the son of 
Henry Gregory, who hved in Galway. He seems to 
have been a man of considerable vigour of character, 
for he ran away from home, made his way to India, 
got into the employment of the Bast India Company, 
and therein made a very large fortune. In those daya 
the pagoda tree had not shed all its golden fruit, and 
my relative was certainly not behind his neighbours 
in gathering it. He married in India — whom I do 
not know ; but I strongly suspect the lady had a good 
deal of native blood in her veins. He had three sons 
in India: Robert, Richard, and William." (See his 
"Autobiography," p. 2.) 

He was a grandson of William, and was born at 
Dublin, July 13, 1817. He was M.P. for Dublin, 
1852-57, and for County Galway, 1857-72. 



Church Missionary Society Churchyard, Cotta. 



460 



Oct. 11 
1840 



Joseph Knight 



Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Joseph Knight, 
born Oct. XVII., A.D. 1787; died Oct. XI., A.D. 
1840. He laboured as a Missionary in connec- 
tion with the C. M. Society at Jaffna for more 
than 20 years ; was wrecked off the Cape on his 
way home in 1838, when he is thought to have 
contracted an affection of the lungs, of which he 
died shortly after his return to Ceylon. 
His end was peace. 

The Rev. Joseph Knight was one of the first mis- 
sionaries of the Church Missionary Society, who 
arrived in Ceylon on July 11, 1818, the others being 
the Revs. R. Mayor, Samuel Lembrick, and Benjamin 
Ward. In the preface to Winslow's " Comprehensive 
Tamil and English Dictionary," published at Madras 

in 1862, it is stated that " it was commenced 

by the Rev. J. Knight, Church Missionary at Jaffna. 
The plan embraced not only a TamU-Enghsh lexicon 
of the common and poetic dialects, but, on a smaller 
scale, an English-Tamil Dictionary, and one of Tamil 
sjraonyms. Mr. Knight, who was an accurate Tamil 
scholar, laboured diligently in collecting mate- 
rials for these publications" (page vii.). 

He married (1) Mrs. S. B. Richards, and (2) Mrs. 
E. S. Nichols, both widows of American Missionaries. 
By one of these marriages he became brother-in-law 
of the Rev. Dr. Poor of the American Mission. 

82-09 



( 146 ) 



Church Missionary Society Churchyard, Cotta — conid. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


461 .. 


March 19 . 
1844 


Joseph Bailey 



Inscription. 
Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Joseph Bailey 
of Cotta, Senior Missionary, Chairman and Secre- 
tary of the Church Mission in Ceylon, who died at 
Cotta, March 19th, 1844, aged 47 years and 3 
months. His brother missionaries and the cate- 
chists and other native helpers connected with 
the Mission have united with his sorrowing family 
in erecting this tribute of affectionate regard and 
esteem. 

The obituary notice in the Golomho Observer states 
that he died on March 20. He arrived in Ceylon 
in 1821. 



Wellawatta. 

There is a banyan tree near " Layard's FoUy,". close to the roadside where the toll station stood, and 
under it is a stone with the following inscription. The letters are inuch worn : — 

462 . . 1820 . . . . . . To Him whose gracious aim in mercy bends 

And light and shade to all alike extends 
Who guards the traveller on his weary way 
Shelters from storms and shades from solar ray 
Breathe one kind wish for her, one pious prayer 
Who made this sheltering tree her guardian care 
Fenced in from rude attacks the pendent roots 
Nourished and framed its tender infant shoots. 
O traveller, if from milder climes you rove 
How dearly will you prize this Indian grove. 
Pause then awhile, and ere you pass it by 
Give to Sophia's name one grateful sigh. 
A.D. 1820. 

Who the lady guardian of this tree was I have not 
been able to discover. Possibly it was Mrs. Marshall. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Campbell refers in his " Excur- 
sions " to Mr. and Mrs. Marshall's " charming abode 
situated on the seashore about 3 miles from Colombo." 
This was in 1821 or 1822, and the distance would make 
WeUawatte their residence, taut I do not know Mrs. 
Henry Augustus Marshall's Christian name. Mrs. 
M. J. Smyth's name was Sophia, but her husband was 
Collector, Galle, in 1817-20, and on leave in 1820-21. 
Mr. and Mrs. Smyth came up to Colombo from Galle 
in the ship Laura, December 15, 1818, and he died at 
Colombo, August 20, 1824. 

Lady Brownrigg was also " Sophia," but she left 
with SirR. Brownrigg for England by the ship Eclipse 
on February 1, 1820. 



KALUTARA. 
The Dutch Burial Ground. 

There is only one Dutch inscription in this burial ground now discoverable, though there are several 
dilapidated tombs buUt of cabook and plastered over, which doubtless date back to Dutch times. If they had 
slabs bearing inscriptions they have lost them. There are other Dutch burial grounds in the Kalutara District, 
at " LansipaDiya " (which means " the Dutch Church ") between Kalutara and Paiyagala, and at Beruwala (the 
" Barberjn " of Portuguese and Dutch times) , but if there were any tombstones there they have disappeared or got 
buried under the surface. 

" Sixty years ago, at the time when there were no metalled roads and the interior was ruled by a native 
king, Caltura, which is 26 miles from Colombo, was a favourite place of resort for the invalid and the hunter. 
Wild animals, especially deer and hogs, abounded in the neighbourhood. There was a small garrison in the fort 
' for the purpose of overawing the native Singhalese,' and to keep up the communication with the south. The 
Commandant determined all the disputes among the peasants. There was a sugar plantation, and some Dutch- 
men distilled rum. But all these are things of the past The old fort still stands, just in that 

unintsresting position when a place is neither a residence nor a ruin, and a Commandant would be as much out of 
place as tlie member of parHament once was for old Sarum. The waters of the river rush past it, after having 
been crossed by their first and last bridge, and parted for a moment by a small green isle, but they have a most 
decided objection to being lost in the sea, after coming from among the clouds that rest upon the highest peak 
of the Island, and rolling over emeralds and rubies and sapphires, and passing places where Adam, if we may 



( 147 ) 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


463 .. 


June 10 
1803 


Balthazar Rock 



Dutch Burial Ground, Kalutara— cowii. 

believe tradition, in the far awaj' time mingled his tears with their young rUls. They ought to enter the ocean 
nearly opposite the fort, but instead of that they run a considerable distance southward, with only a narrow sand 
bank between them and the breakers, and then, as if stealthily, and ashamed that they are obliged to do it, leave 
the coconut trees that they have so long mirrored, and are soon lost in the mightier waters that receive them, 
as they do the rain-drops, and with no more notice." (Hardy, pp. 197-8.) 

Inscription. 

Balthazae. Rock geb. te Mosbach Ac. 1751 d' 10 
April, overl. 1803 d' 10 Juny. 

(Journal, R. A.S. , C.B. , vol. XV. , p. 286 ; vol. XVTI. , 
p. 32.) 

Balthazar Rock of Mosbach (a town close to 
Manheim) was married, on February 5, 1786, to 
Elisabeth Kerkhoven of Kalutara, daughter of Tobias 
Kerkhoven and Gertruida Gysbertsz. Maria Rock, 
the daughter of Balthazar Rock, was the wife of 
George Wendt of Gross Breesen (Lauenburg, Prussian 
Pomerania), who came out to Ceylon in the year 
1 792 by the ship Vasco de Oama. He was the ancestor 
of the Wendt family of Ceylon. 

Sacred to the memory of Edward Aechbe Tuenour, 
Esq., second son of the Honourable Gboegb 
TuENOUE and grandson of Edwaed, First Earl of 
Wmterton. Died 10th September, 1834. Aged 30 
years. 

He was gazetted 2nd Lieutenant in the 2nd Ceylon 
Regiment on July 17, 1823. His mother was Maria 
Emilie de Bausset. 



464 



Sept. 10 
1834 



Edward Archer Turnour 



465 



March 22 
1861 



Angus 



466 



Sept. 2 
1861 



Robert Farrance 



467 



Dec. 26 
1881 



Francis Graham Bell 



Erected by the European Members of the Survey 
Department in memory of Mrs. John Astgits, who 
was cruelly miu:dered by her own Sinhalese servant 
on the 22nd March, 1861, at the vUlage Dodan- 
godde. The bereaved and disconsolate husband, 
a Surveyor, unable to resume his duties, left 
Ceylon, and soon afterwards was drowned at Sea. 

Her Christian name is not given in the obituary 
notice in the " Ceylon Almanac." 

The murder was cormxiitted by the cook between 
3 and 6 p.m., while Mr. Angus was away surveying. 
All that was valuable in the house was stolen, chiefly 
silver and a considerable amount in notes, including 
the last remittance of public money for the payment 
of cooKes, &c. Dodangala is 6 miles from Kalutara. 
The cook confessed to the crime. So far as I have 
been able to ascertain, this is the only instance of an 
English woman being murdered by a native in Ceylon. 

Robert Paeeancb Aged 55 years. 

" He belonged to a well-to-do English family, but 
was ' fast,' and enlisted in the 90th Light Infantry. 
He was helped by Sir R. W. Horton, and Mr. Stewart 
Mackenzie gave him a start in the Civil Engineer and 
Smveyor-General's Department, where his prospects 

were very good. But after a long struggle for 

existence he died a broken-hearted man." (Ceylon 
Literary Register, vol. V., p. 50.) He wrote an 
account of the first ascent of Adam's Peak by a 
British Governor, which is pubHshed in the Ceylon 
Literary Register, vol. V., p. 50. This took place in 
1837 (February 23), by Sir R. Wilmot Horton. He 
was at Jaffna in 1839-40. 

iiis father held a position in connection with the 
Houses of Parhament, and he himself had been a tutor 
in the family of Sir James Mackintosh. He had to 
leave the Survey Department, and was for some time 
connected with the Examiner newspaper, of which he 
was the editor for ten years. He afterwards devoted 
himself to private tuition. He was the editor of the 
Examiner in 1856. 

He married, at St. John's, Chimdikuh, Jaffna, 
on June 5, 1839, EUza Maria Burke, a daughter of 
Lieutenant Burke, C.R.R. 

Feanois Graham Bell Aged 31 years. 



( 148 ) 



The Fort, Kalutara. 

On the nortli-east angle of the ianer fort is a slab set in a pyramid of brick, with an inscription in memory 
of a child of the Hon. John Rodney, who in the twenties had a house at Kalutara. 

" Sixty years ago the only military (sic) men in the place (Kalutara) were the Hon. John Rodney, son of the 
famous Lord Rodney, who was accustomed to fire salutes on great occasions from a bamboo battery, and his 
friend Dr. De Hoedt of the medical staff, whose cheerful readiness to oblige travellers and strangers was greatly 
appreciated." (Spence Hardy in " Jubilee Memorials," 1864.) 

Inscription. 
Respect and spare the remains of our lost child. 
Aud may mercy avert from you a like affliction and 
grief beyond words. 

Edwabd Anthony, infant son of John Rodney and 
Antoinette his wife. Departed this life the 20th 
August, 1824. Aged 17 months and 24 days. 

Be not grieved beyond measure for thy deceased child. 
He is not dead, but has only finished that journey 
which we ourselves must make to the general ren- 
dezvous of manldnd, where under the mercy of God 
we may yet Hve together in another state of being. 

The Hon. J. G. Rodney married in 1815 
Antoinette Elizabeth Rejme, born in 1799, daughter 
of Benedict Edward Reyne and Hillegonda Rosetta 
van Rossum (widow of J. H. Sohroter). 

The Rodney family were living at Kalutara, 1826 
(or earlier) to 1836. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


468 .. 


Aug. 20 
1824 


Edward Anthony Rodney 



Compound of St. John's Church, Kalutara. 

469 . . Dec. 7 . . Lily Conolly . . In loving memory of Lily Conolly, wife of P. W. 

1885 Conolly, Esq., who died at Kalutara, aged 33 

years. Not lost but gone before. 

Patrick William Conolly was in the Civil Service. 
1866-1895, and was acting as District Judge of 
Kalutara at the time of his wife's death. 



The Cemetery, Kalutara. 

470 .. June 22 Frances Field Wilmot .. Lilovingmemoryof Teances Field, wife of Colvillb 

1902 Eaedley Wilmot, District Judge of Kalutara, & 

daughter of James Beuyn Andrews, bom at New 

York, 12th Jany., 1870, died at Kalutara 

On the Earth the broken arcs. 

In the Heaven a perfect round. 

For the things which are seen are temporal. 

But the things which are not seen are eternal. 

C. Bardley Wilmot was in the Civil Service, 1879- 
1905, and was District Judge of Kalutara at the time 
of his wife's death. 



BENTOTA. 

471 , , .^ . . " Here there is a church built in precisely the same 

style as the one at Ambalangoda. It stands a con- 
siderable way inland, so that passengers by the train 
who would wish to see it have to raake a slight 
incursion into the country to do so. It is now used 
as the Government Anglo-vernacular school. Over 
the gateway is a stone slab bearing the following 
inscription : — 

FECIT 
G:A:S 
A.D. 1755 
" ' Who was C. A. S.? ' is a question that has exer- 
cised the minds of many of ova own generation. The 

pious builder appears to have been careful to 

hide his identity from posterity. But very recently 
we were able to throw a Uttle hght upon this vexed 
question. At a little distance from Bentota is a 
village called Pitigala, where the Dutch had a miUtary 
fort or redoubt and a garrison. Among the Com- 
manders placed in charge here was, about the time 



( 149 ) 



B entota — contd. 



"Serial No. 
471 . 



Date. 



Name. 



472 



July 18 
1764 



Andreas Amabert 



Inscription, 
in question, a French or Swiss officer of the name of 
Claude Antoine Scofi&er. He belonged to one of the 
foreign regiments hired by the Dutch, but like many 
of those who thus came out in the service of the East 
India Company, he became a more or less naturalized 
subject of the United Provinces, embraced the tenets 
of the Heidelberg Catechism, and married a Dutch 
lady of the name of Johanna Jacoba Heymans. It 
seems more than probable that he was the builder of 
the church. A tombstone placed in the middle of the 
floor is inscribed with the name of Andreas Amabert, 
a native of Dauphin6 in France. Several other stones 
are said to have existed, but they are no longer to be 
seen." (R. G. Anthonisz in Ceylon Literary Register, 
vol. VI., pp. 285-6.) 

Claude Antoine Scoffier, onderkoopman, was a 

native of Middelburg, and married Johanna Jacoba 

Heymans of Batavia, widow of Adriaan Mooyaart. 

She married, thirdly, December 20, 1761, Johannes 

.Jacobus ScharflE of Colombo. 

Andreas Amabert van Grenoble in d' Dauphinery 
deser Luytenant MUitair en Commandant te 
Petegelle. Obijt den 18 July Anno Dom. 1764 te 
Bentotte. Legt hier begraven. Wagt op d' 
Zalige opstandinge. 

(Journal, II.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 276; vol. 
XVII., p. 31.) 



NEGOMBO. 
The Dutch Churchyard. 

There stood within its walls the Dutch Church, demolished in all probabiUty early last century, after it 
3iad fallen into disrepair. 



Serial No. 
473 . 



Date. 
1673 



Name. 

Sigismundus Monitanier 



474 



Jan. 29 
1677 



Elisabet Stuart 



475 



June 29 
1677 



Maria Mazius 



Inscription. 
Hier leit Sigismundus Monitanier out 12 jaar 11 

maanden Gestorven den 22 in't jaar 1613. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 265.) 
The year 1 61 3 is a mistake for perhaps 1 673. Sigis- 
mundus was probably the son of Fran9ois Monitanier. 
Fiscal, Colombo, 1658, and Dorothea Schatvelt. 

Hier leyt begraven Elisabet Herris huysvrouw van 
d. luyt LoDBWYK Stuart cut geweest 22 jaaren. 
Gestorven den 29 Jany Anno 1677. 

(Journal, R. A.S. , C.B. , vol. XV. , p. 265 ; vol. XVII. , 
p. 29.) 

She was perhaps the daughter of Willem Herris, 
who baptized a child, Joris, at Colombo, on Novem- 
ber 29, 1657. Her husband must have been of Scotch 
descent. 

Hier rust de eerb. godtsal. juffr. Maria van Gbel 
huisvr. van den Praedt. Marc. Mazius. Overleden 
den 29 Jun. Anno 1677. 50 jaren oudt. 
Godt was en is Haar lot. 
(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 265.) 

This stone lies close to that of Bemardus Manlych, 
and they bear the same " holy text." Possibly this 
inscription inspired the other. 

Marcus Mazius was a native of Abbehausen in 
Oldenburg, and was sent out to the Indies by the dassis 
of Walcheren. He arrived in the Indies February 8, 
1665, in the ship Den Swarten Bui. In June, 1655, 
he was stationed in Formosa, and afterwards, 1666-74, 
at Cochin, and at Negombo in 1676-91. From 1691 
he was at Colombo. He resigned in 1693 at the age 
of 80, and died at Colombo April 23, 1706. He was 
one of those who escaped from the massacre of the 
Dutch at Formosa in the vear 1661. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


476 .. 


June 3 




1686 



( 150 ) 

Dutch Churchyard, Jiegomho—contd. 

Name. Inscription. 

. . Rutgaert Frederik Wagman Hier leyt begraven Rtjtgabrt Fkbdk. Wagman^ 

vaendrich in dienst der E. Compy. Obit den 
3 Juny, Ao. 1686 's avonds ten 6 uren. 

(Journal. R.A.S.. C.B., vol. XV., p. 264.) 
Ludovici only gives the shield, a crane holding in 
its dexter claw a ball, but it is surmounted by a 
helmet and crest — the latter the same flgin-e of a 
crane as in the shield. 

477 . . June 26 . . Bernardus Manlych . . Hier rust de konstryck Beknaedtjs Mastlych van 

1687 Bordeaux, in syn leven opperchirurgus, oudt 55 

jaar, obit ady 26 Juny 's avonds ten 9 uuren Ao. 
1687. 

Godt was en is syn lot. 

" Here rests the skilful Bernardus Manlych of 
Bordeaux, during his life chief surgeon, aged 65 years, 
died on 26th June, in the evening at 9 o'clock, in the 
year 1687. God was and is his lot." 

Over it is a coat of arms, which is described by Mr. 
F. H. de Vos as follows : — 

" Party per fess : {1) [or ?} between the capital letters 
S and H a demi-lion iss. [sa ?]. [2) [sa .?] five arrows 
ranged in fess, heads in chief [the upper half of a water- 
wheel, or]. Crest, a demi-lion." Mr. F. H. de Vos 
says: " Reading the above, leaving out the words in 
parentheses, it would be a description of the arms,, 
but I have suggested tinctures and a demi-waterwheel 
instead of arrows, as these are the colours and charge 
on the arms of a noble family by name Mannlich. 
The demi-waterwheel (demi roue de moulin) in the 
Mannlich arms is the lower half of the wheel. I take 
the arrows in the Manlych arms to be the teeth of the 
demi-wheel. Yet even on this theory there is a 
difference between the two coats, the Manlych arms 
bearing the demi-waterwheel with its arc above the 
diameter. The letters ' S H ' perhaps mean Salvo 
Honore or Salvator Hominum, the latter perhaps as a 
compliment to his surgical skill. Above the shield 
are the initials B. M. (Bernardus Manlych)." 

The custom of stating the exact hour of death is 
foimd on this and another tombstone at Negombo 
and on two others in the " Lapidaritim." The exact 
age is nearly always given in years, months, and days. 
This stone lies next to those of Constantia van Reede 
and of the wife of Marc Mazius. 

There are nine Dutch tombstones at Negombo ; of 
these, Ludovici gives four only in his " Lapidarium 
Zeylanicum," and strange to say he leaves out that 
on the most elaborate tombstone of any, viz., that of 
Bernardus Manlych, though he gives those on the 
two stones next to it. 

Bernardus Manlych had by his first wife Helena a 
daughter, Helena, baptized at Negombo,' April 18, 
1669, and by his second wife Antonioa a son, Ber- 
nardus, baptized at Negombo, December 9, 1661. 
This Bernardus married Louisa Douwe. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 266; vol. 
XVII., p. 29.) 

478 . . Sept. 12 . . Fran90is Meyndert van den Hier leyt begraven F. M. van den Beegh, gebooren 

1695 Bergh op Colomb. den November en overfeed. 12' 

September 95. zynde oudt gewe. 10 m. en 

3. dagen. 

"Here lies buried F. M. van der Bergh, born at 
Colombo the 9th November, and died the 12th Sep- 
tember, — 96, aged 10 months and 3 days." 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 274; voL 
XVIL, p. 31.) 

A flat stone lying next to that over the wife of 
Lodewyk Stuart, the letters much worn. The first 
two figures of the date are illegible. 

Frangois Meyndert van den Bergh was bom at 
Colombo on November 9, 1694, and baptized there 
on November 18, 1694. He was the son of Antony 
van den Bergh, assistent, baptized at Colombo, 
May 20, 1660, and Maria Meindertsz CloppSnburg of 
Colombo, his wife, whom he married on May 23, 1680. 
Antony was the son of Francois van den Bergh and 
Maria de Souza. The Cloppenburg family was from 
ZwoU (Overyssel). Edward Hendrik Cloppenburg of 



( 151 ) 



Dutch Churchyard, Negombo— co^^rf. 



Serial No. 
478 , 



Date, 

Sept. 12 
1695 



Name. 

Franyois Meyndert van den 
Bergh — contd. 



479 



May 24 
1695 



Anthonie van der Veen 



480 



May 24 
1695 



Maria van Holten 



481 



Nov. 9 
1698 



Anna Constantia van Reede 



482 



Feb. 9 
1796 



Thomas Hetheringfon 



483 



Jan. 7 
1813 



Geliermis Cornells Koel- 
meyer 



Inscription. 
Zwoll, boekhouder, married, 1696, Florentina Bloeme 
of Colombo ; Anna Helena Cloppenburg of Zwol) 
married at Colombo, May 5, 1680, Jacob Swart of 
Amsterdam ; Wilhelmina Cloppenburg of Zwoll 
married at Colombo, December, 1680, Gerrit Hofland 
of Amsterdam , assistent ; Cornelia Elisabeth Clop- 
penburg of Zwoll married at Colombo, Jime 5, 1689, 
Gerrit van der Sohexir. Maria Meindertsz Cloppen- 
burg was also probably from Zwoll, but inaccurately 
stated in the marriage register as being of Colombo. 
They were in all probability brother and sisters. 

Obyt. Anthonie van deb Veen, overleden 24 Mey, 
a. 1695. 

" Anthonie van der Veen died 24th May, 1695." 
This seems to be the work of an illiterate person. 
The first word can stand for nothing but obiit, 
a word which is superfluous, as overleden follows. 

Anthonie van der Veen was probably the son of 
Jillis Jillisz van der Veen and Pasquellade Silva,who 
were in Colombo 1686-88. About this period one 
Johanna van der Veen of Alkmaar was the wife of 
Isaac van Hek of Schoonhoven, storekeeper, Colombo. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 275.) 

Hier rust d. E. erbare godtzal. Mabia Betjton huisvr 
van den sergiat Anthoni van Holten overleden 
24 Mey an. 1695. 

"Here rests the chaste, pious Maria Bruton, wife 
of the Sergeant Anthoni van Holten, died the 24th 
May, 1695." 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 275.) 

It is noticeable that she and Anthonie van der Veen 
died on the same day and are buried in adjoining 



These are small headstones close together. They 
had sunk considerably, and I had to get them raised 
before I could decipher them. 

Anna Constantia van Reede out 6 m. 0. den 
9 Nov. 1696. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 265.) 

Arms. — Argent two barrulets dancette, sable. 

Ludovioi represents this stone as the same siz^ as 
the one depicted at the top of the plate, but in reality 
it is about half the size. 

Anna Constantia van Reede was probably the 
daughter of Bitter van Reede, Lieutenant, and Con- 
stantia van Reede. 

Here lyeth the remains of Lieuten. Thomas 
Hetheeington, of his Majesty's 52nd Regmt. , who 
departed this Life at Negombo the 6th day of Feb- 
ruary, 1796, in the 24th year of his Age. iSinceiely 
regretted by his friends and Brother Officers, who 
have erected this to his Memory. 

This is the earliest British tombstone, after the 
British occupation, in the Island. The 52nd arrived 
at Point Pedjo just after the capture of Trincomalee, 
in August, 1795, from Negapatam, and joined the 
troops that had taken part in that affair (the 72nd 
and the flank companies of the 71st and 73rd, two 
battalions of Sepoys, and a detachment of Artillery 
and Pioneers), relieved the 72nd, which retxu-ned to 
Negapatam, and took part in the assaults on Negombo 
and Colombo. 

Lieutenant Hetherington must have died on board 
a troopship , or have only just landed. Negombo was 
taken on the 9th, and Colombo exactly a week later. 
There was no resistance at Negombo. The fort was 
found abandoned, except for a few invaUds. 

Hier leyd begraven Geliermis Coenelis zoon van 
den Heer Leonaedtjs Theodositjs Koelmeyer. 
Geb. den 10 Febr. 1803 en overleeden op den 
7 Jan. 1813 in den ouderdom van 9 jaren 10 maan- 
denen 17dagen. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 275.) 



( 152 



Dutch Churchyard, Negombo— cow^(7. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


484 .. 


June 10 
1822 


. . Joseph Clements 



Inscription. 

To the memory of Joseph Clements who was bom at 

Ashlone July 19th, 1819, and drowned at Negombo 

10th June, 1822. 
Escaped to the mansions of hght and lodged in the 

Eden of love. 
The Rev. Samuel Allen caused this stone to be 

erected. 

By " Ashlone," of course Athlone is intended. 

He was a son of Sergeant Clements of the 16th 
Regiment, and was drowned " in a pool near the 
town," probably the Kamachodai pond, the most 
considerable " pool " in or near the town. There is a 
superstition among the Moormen that a golden ship 
sails on the pond every Friday night, and that this 
ship is guarded by a devil who lives at the bottom of 
the pond. If the ship be interfered with it will 
disappear ; the de^dl will rise and invoke the aid of 
the sea, which will then inundate the country and 
destroy the inhabitants. 

Sergeant Clements seems to have been afterwards 
Sergeant-Major of the Ceylon Rifles. There was a 
Sergeant-Major John Clements of the Ceylon Rifle 
Regiment in 1837-38, whose eldest daughter, Jane, 
married Colour-Sergeant Alexander Fisher of the 
97th at Colombo, January 10, 1838. 



485 



June 5 
1828 

Aug. 7 
1830 



Leendart de Quaker 



Maria Florentina de Quaker 



486 



June 26 
1841 



Thomas Oswin 



In memory of Leendart de Quaker, Esqr., a mem- 
ber of the late Landraad Court, born on the 18th 
May, 1762, died on the 5th June, 1828, aged 66 
years and 17 days ; and his wife Maria Florentina 
La Hey, bom on the 16tb August, 1767, died on 
the 7th August, 1830, aged 62 years 11 months and. 
2 days. 

(The Gazette gives the date of his death as July 6.) 

The De Quakers appear to have been settled at 
Negombo for two or three generations. Abraham 
de Quaker, whose wife was Christina Pietersz, had two 
sons: Pieter, born Jiily, 1719, and Leendert, bom 
1722, both baptized at Negombo. This Leendart 
must have been a son of one of them. C. D. de 
Quaker, District Stuveyor, died at Colombo, October 
10, 1839, aged 58. 

La Hey should be De la Haye. A certain " Duo 
Don Samuel de la Haye " married " Dona Maria," 
and had three sons, all Dons, and one daughter born 
between 1773 and 1780. 

Don Samuel was no doubt a descendant of one ot 
the six ambassadors to Kandy who were left behind 
there in 1672. De la Haye was the French Viceroy 
hi the Indies, who was defeated by Van Goens in that 
year. He had sent three ambassadors to Kandy, of 
whom one was returned. He then sent a fourth 
ambassador, Laisne de Nancler de LanaroUe, with 
six other Frenchmen, who were detained at Kandy 
and never left it. Of the six, four were living in 
1707. One of the six was a De la Haye, probably a 
relative of the Viceroy. 

(See Journal, R.A.S., C.B., 1870, and a paper on 
Frangois Carron by F. H. de Vos in a later Journal.) 

To the memory of Thomas Oswln, District Judge at 
this station, who departed this hfe on the 26th of 
June, 1841. Aged 41 years. 

He joined the Civil Service, April 23, 1833, and was 
Sitting Magistrate and Custom Master of GaUe in that 
year, and on August 1 was appointed Superintendent of 
Police for the Fort and Gravets of Colombo. He was 
appointed District Judge of Colombo No. 3 and 
Assistant to the Government Agent of the Western 
Province, February 17, 1838; also of Colombo No. 2 
(Negombo) in 1839, and became a member of the 
"New Civil Service" on January 1, 1841. He 
married on May 5, 1835, at Peradeniya, Charlotte 
Elizabeth Wright. Mrs. Oswin and family 
England by the ship Euphrates on Decembe^ 
which also took away Mrs. Surgeon and 
and two Misses Whiting. 



a, »jnarioi-ijo 
Qil^^ftfor 
be^^^ta|k 

M^^^H 



( 153 ) 



Dutch Churchyard, Negombo — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


487 .. 


Dec. 27 




1853 



Name. 

Prederica Adolphina Pereira 



488 



Mawih 16 
1873 



Peter John RoosemaHe Cocq 



489 



Aug. 6 
1877 



Dorothea Jannetta Green 



490 



Jan. 29 
1840 



Peter Justinus Schwallle 



Inscription. 

In memory of Fkedbrica Adolphina, th6 beloved 
wife of CoRNELitrs B. Pereira, daughter of Lieut. 

Hedbbttrouw. Born 24 Aug., 1799 aged 

54 years 4 m. 3 days. 

This is inserted as it illustrates the case of a Dutch 
woman marrjring a Sinhalese. 

In lovmg memory of Peter John Roosemale Cocq, 
born 1st Decembei, 1821 ; aged 51 years. 

He was a son of Pieter Carolus Roosmalecocq, 
and married Henrietta Dorothea, eldest daughter of 
D. J. Fretz, Deputy Ordnance Storekeeper, on March 
26, 1855. Pieter Carolus, who was baptized in 1791, 
and who married a Von Banzow, was a son of 
Pieter Jacobus Roosmalecocq, and grandson of 
Ambrosius Roosmalecocq of Dokhum (see No. 332). 

To the dear memory of Dorothea Jannetta, 
daughter of Henry Watkins Green and Emily 
Mary his wife. Bom Febr. 13th, 1877. 

H. W. Green was in the Civil Service, 1870-95. 
He was of Marlborough School and Lincoln College, 
Oxford, and of a literary turn, and wrote a novel 
called " Walter Lee," poems in the St. Thomas's 
College Magazine, and a Primer of Agricultm-e. 
He was Assistant Government Agent of Negombo, 
1877-83, and has a road there called after him ; 
Director of Public Instruction, 1883-88 ; and retired 
as Principal Assistant to the Colonial Secretary. 

Peter JirsTiNusScHWALLiE born Oct 6th, 1801, died 
at Negombo, under his maternal roof, January 
29th, 1840, aged 38 years 3 months. 
Q. D. R. 

" In one of my ramblings I alighted on a rock slab 
in a garden at 2nd Division, Hunupitiya. As the 
slab appeared to be a smooth one I examined it with 
two others at close quarters, and found the slab 
answering for the washing of clothes. 

' ' At first I saw this stone about 57 years ago lying 
under a nam-nam tree growing in the garden of 
Widow Mrs. Hendrick Alphonso. This garden (on 
which a Convent Church is now built) lies immediately 
east of the present Negombo railway yard. Mrs. 
Hendrick Alphonso was twice married. Her maiden 
name was Petronella Potsnitz. Her first husband 
was a Mr. Schwallie, a French descendant. He was 
a Government sm^veyor, I believe,, and had a son, 
Mr. Frank Schwallie, also a surveyor, stationed at 
Colombo, and a daughter, who lived with her mother 
at Negombo. Mr. Frank Schwallie, surveyor, was 
often employed as surveyor to do District Court 
work in Colombo in the later fifties, when the District 
Court Bench was presided over successively by Mr.. 
R. F. Morgan, Mr. George Lawson, and Mr. C. H. 
Stewart." {Ceylon Observer, August, 1910.) 

There is a Schwallie mentioned in the list of Civil 
Servants who had died before 1803, given by 
Cordiner. He was a surveyor. 



St. Mary's Church, Negombo. 



491 



March 19 
1895 



Giovanni Battista Vistarini 



MONSIGNOR VlSTARIN-I. 

The tombstone, with inscription recording merely 
his name and the date of his death, was shattered 
when the new dome of the church fell on April 29, 
1901, and has been replaced by an altar. So great 
was the fame of Monsignor Vistarini, who was- popu- 
larly known as "the angelic priest," that there are 
many pilgrims annually to this shrine. 

He was born on September 1, 1817, at Lodi, near 
B'lilan. His father. Signer Americo Vistarini, was 
highly coimected, and was a judge. His mother, 
Signora Camilla, was the daughter of a marquis and 
niece of a Governor of Vienna. He was ordained 
priest on June 13, 1840. He did not belong to any 

82-09 



( 154 ) 



St. Mary's Church, Hegomho—contd. 



serial Nn. 


Date. 


Name. 


491 ., 


. March 19 . 


. Giovanni Battista Vistarini — 




1895 


contd. 



Inscription. 

religious order, but was a secular priest. He was a 
doctor in Theology and Philosophy. He arrived in 
Ceylon on December 7, 1846, and began his labours 
in the Northern Vicariate under Bishop Bettachini, 
and in 1 857 was transferred to Colombo under Bishop 
Bravi. Shortly afterwards he was appointed ,to the 
Negombo Mission, and laboured there for 37 years, 
where his name became a household word. He is 
buried in St. Mary's. 



The Cemetery, Negombo. 



492 



Aug. 22 
1882 



William Carry 



493 



Dec. 3 
1896 



Emily Amelia Carry 



William Caeey, formerly of King's County, Ireland. 
Aged 62 years. Deeply mourned. 

He was Superintendent of the Orphan Asylum, 
1852-53 ; in 1868 of Waljapola coconut estate, near 
Minuwangoda, in the Negombo district; and later of 
the cinnamon and coconut estate of Goluwapokuna, 
near Negomibo. 

Emily Amelia Caeey, widow of William Caeey, of 
Enniskillen, Co. Fermanagh, Ireland. Aged 72. 



Esplanade, under the Banyan Tree, Negombo. 



494 



1863 



Deus Nobis H^c Otia Fecit. 
Arbori per annos XIV. 

Summa cura servat hunc lapidem supposuit. 
C. P. Layaed. 
An. Dom. MDCOCLXIII. 



( 15S ) 



GALLE. 
The Dutch Church. 

" In the Fort of Galle the large and airy structure in which the Dutch Burghers still hold their services was, 
according to tradition, erected by a lady Gtertruyda Adriana le Grand, wife of the Commandeur Casparua de 
Jong. The story goes that this lady, who had been childless for many years, made a vow that if she should ever 
have a child she would build a church as a thank-offering to God. Her hopes being at length realized by the birth 
of a daughter, the present church arose on the site of an ancient Portuguese Capuchin convent. All this is tradition. 
No stone slab let into the wall or floor of the building, or any record among the archives of the Consistory, has yet 
been found to corroborate the story, but there is a nameless painted hatchment on the wall, the oldest memorial 
of its land in the building, which would appear to have been placed there in memory of its founder. The shield 
of arms bears charges which have a striking resemblance to those of the family of the De Jongs to be found rudely ' 
sculptured on one or two tombstones in Galle and JaSna. The baton and other insignia of a Commandeur 
displayed around the hatchment indicate that that person was a Commandeur, and the date 1758 was very 
probably that .of the death of Commandeur Casparus de Jong. He appears to have been, about this time, 
succeeded in office by the Commandeur Abraham Samlant. In an old German work, ' AUemeuste Geographisch 
Oostindien,' published at Leipzig in 1767, a ground plan of the Fort of Galle is shown of the year 1736, in 
which a piece of open ground occupies the site of the present Dutch Church. This may seem at first to contradict 
the theory of the Portuguese convent, but it is reasonable to suppose that the convent had existed there at an 

earlier time and been demoHshed by the Dutch in their well-known hatred of the Roman CathoHcs To refer 

to some of the changes wrought in the interior of the building within the present century Perhaps the most 

noticeable was the removal of the old Commandeur's pew, built of satinwood and velvet-hned. The last 

to use this pew was the Commandeur Dietrich Thomas Fretz, who with his family continued to sit in it Sunday 
after Sunday for many years after the British occupation. When he was removed the pew was closed for ever, 
no one of inferior rank being allowed to occupy it. At length, being no longer of any practical use, it had to ;^aeld 
to the vandalism which in our own times appears to have httle regard for the old things and the old ways of our 
fathers. Another pew which stood against the wall of the north transept, used by the various boekhouders of 
the Dutch East India Company, had to make room about fifty years ago for the platform and massive communion 
rails required for the Episcopahan services, which were then held in this church. About the same time the huge 
memorial tablet of Commandeur Samlant, resplendent in golden colours, which stood on the wall facing the 
main entrance to the church, was moved to its present less prominent position, so that more Ught may be introduced 
into the church by a window, which window was glazed with small panes in imitation of the old windows which 
had existed from the Dutch times. 

" In former times, but within the memory of old men of our own generation, the vaulted ceihng of the 
church was of a beautiful celestial blue and studded with stars of gold to represent the canopy of heaven. 

The blue is now quite faded, and the stars are no longer to be seen No true idea of the old place as it 

stood say eighty years ago could be conveyed unless we referred to the benches and the stiff -backed chairs 
which then filled the centre of the building. These were long ago replaced by slender movable pews or seats. 
No reading desk like the one now used was then to be seen, and the floor was paved by small dark-coloured 
bricks The large tombstones which He under the staircase were only placed there in 1881 , when the old graveyard 
was dismantled and the bones removed to the church." (R. G. Anthonisz in Ceylon Literary Register, vol. VI., 

x)x> 253—4.) 

Many of the tombstones in the church did not originally belong to it, and are not in situ. How they came 
there is explained by Mr. F. H. de Vos in the following passage from an article of his on " Old Galle," which 
• appeared in the Ceylon Literary Register (vol. II., pp. 341-2) :— 

" Opposite the office of Messrs. J. J. Vanderspaar & Co., on the strip of ground now overgrown with grass 
and having a few trees on it, stood in very early times the old Dutch Church, or the Groote Kerk- a.s it is called 
in Valentyn The only traces of this church at one time discernible by people of the present century were a, 
number of gravestones placed side by side and parallel to each other along the ground. In the year 1853, when 
the Consistory of the Dutch Church decided on removmg the bodies of the Dutch interred ia the old cemetery to 
the present church these stones were also removed, and were used to pave the floor of the building, where they 
still lie It was in the Groote Kerk that the body of General Hulft was temporarUy laid durmg the contuiuance 
of the siege of Colombo by the Dutch. The historian Baldseus relates that it was first deposited in a vault 
underaroxmd evidently outside the church, and that in 1657, by order of the Governor Adriaan van der Meydeii, 
it wa= interred with great ceremony inside the church near the pulpit, his arms, buckler, sword, and spurs 
beine against the wall. The remains were afterwards, m the year 1658, after the capture of Colombo, removed 
thither There is reason to beUeve that the old church occupied a much larger site than that sho^vn by the 

small plot of grass-grown land now seen, and it is a curious fact that when a few years ago the drain under the small 
cross road was laid open, several gravestones with uisoriptions and armorial bearings and dates correspondmg to 

that of the church were found underground Underneath the floor of the (present) church , covermg the whole 

area of the head of the cross, is the burial vault of the church. In the time of the Dutch, burials were regulated 
bv a scale of fees • the highest fee being for a burial mside the vault, the next for a burial in graves dug in the 
hodv of the church and the lowest for one in the vaults outside. After the British occupation it appears that a 
fpw of the leading Dutch famiUes claimed the exclusive right of burial in the vault outside the church, from having 
«nm p. member of the famfly buried there, and the fee was a high one, whfle burials ui the church contmued to be 
alWed to those who chose to pay the fee, which, accordmg to Dr. Dahnaans, was one hundred rix-doUars m 
Pnlnmbn The vault outsidc the church appears to have been hi disuse for a very long time. It extends from 
the walls of the church to the parapet waU of the church garden and is roofed over with a pavement. It is 
supposed to consist of two chambers ; the one on the church side has never been opened withm the memory of 
3one living, but up to a few years ago the other chamber could have, at any time, been entered by an unaer- 
ground flight of steps, though no traces of any burials were then visible. The last bunal in the vault inside the 
church took place in 1863." 



( 156 ) 



Serial N... 


Date. 


Name. 


495 .. 


July 25 
1662 


Burchart Coq 



The Dutch Church, Galle—contd. 

' ' The church was built between the years 1752-54, and the painted hatchment referred to has subsequently 
been discovered to contain the arms of the Commandeur Ras Maequet." (Journal, " Dutch Burgher Union of 
Ceylon," vol. I., pp. 137, 175.) 

Inscription. 

. . Hier legt begraven Bubchaet Coq in syn leven 
gewees. Capt. tot Galle in dienst der vereenigde 
Nederlandtsche Oost Indische Comp. Out 63 jare. 
Overleeden den 25 July, Ao. 1662. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XL, pp. 235, 279; 
vol. XV., p. 267.) 

Arms. — Argent, a castle 

Crest. — A stag's head. 

" Buchart Coq arrived ia Ceylon in the ship Huys 
te Swieten, and was killed by a soldier at Galle. He 
was sent as ambassador to the King of Kandy." 
{Ceylon Monthly Literary Register, vol. I., p. 81.) 
This tombstone was discovered on -the site of the 
Oroote Kerk. 



496 



Aug. 28 
1673 



Johanna Maria van 
Herental 



497 



Nov. 13 
1684 



Lourentius Hemling 



498 



July 3 
1693 



Susanna Wiehelman 



Hier rust Johanna Maeia Bax gen. v. HbeentaIi, 
sterf 28 Aug., 1673, oudt 10 maande en 5 dagen. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 279; vol. XVII., p. 31 ; vol. 
XVIII., p. 78.) 

Arms. — Quarterly 1 and 4. Or, three gourds vert, 
2 and 3. Or, three closets azure, on a chief gules, a 
lion rampant argent. 

Surtout. — ^Argent, on a chief gules, a lion rampant 
argent. 

This tombstone was for years lying in the compound 
of the old Kachpheri at Magalla, and was finally dis- 
covered in a drain close to the staircase leading to 
the District Court of Galle. 

Johanna Maria Bax was baptized at Colombo on 
October 27, 1672, being the daughter of Major Johan 
Bax and Aletta van Hinlopen. Johan Bax belonged 
to the family Bax called " van Herental" {genaamt 
van Herental). He was afterwards Governor of the 
Cape, where he died on June 29, 1678. Aletta Hin- 
lopen was the daughter of Jacob Hinlopen, schepen 
and raad of Amsterdam, and Maria Huydecoper van 
Maarsseveen, who married (2), as widow Bax, Jan 
van Leenen. The arms are tlae quartered shields of 
the families of Bax van Herental and Bax de Hertoge, 
with a shield of pretence bearing the arms on the 
chief in the second and third quarterings. 

Hier legt begraven den Eerwaerdigen GodzaUge Hoogh 
geleerden Heer Lourentitts Hemung, in zyn leven 
Bedienaer des Heyl Evangeliums in de gemeynte 
Christe tot Gale. Overleden den 13 November, 
Ao. 1684, out 42 jaren. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 280 ; vol. XVIII., p. 68.) 
Arms. — Argent, a castle (?). 

Lourentius Hemhng was a native of Leyden, was 
educated in the " Staten CoUegie," and came out to 
Ceylon in 1669. 

This stone was fo\md built into a drain in the 
street leading to the new gate from Chturch street, 
Opposite the Police quarters. 

Grafsteen dekkende 't doode hchaam van JufE 
Susanna Dubhee, huysvrouw van den coopman 
en Gaals Admimstrateur Magnus Wichelman. 
Overleden den 3 July, 1693, cud geweest synde 
42 jaaren en 3 maanden. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 268 ; vol. XVII., p. 30.) 

Arms. — Quarterly 1 and 4. Argent,_^a castle.... 
2 and 3 argent, three birds contourn6. 

Crest. — ^A castle as in the arms. 

Fomid with Nos. 503 <van Leesten) and 610 (van 
Lynden) in a drain in Leyn Bahn street, near the 
site of the Oroote Kerk. 

Susanna Durhee was in all probability the daughter 

of AndriesDurhee andMagdalena Her sister, 

Maria Durhee (bom December 23, 1651, died October 



( 157 ) 



The Dutch Church, Galle—contd. 



rial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


498 .. 


July 3 
1693 


. . Susanna Wichelman — contd. 



499 



July 28 
1697 

March 25 
1699 



Willem Loquet 

Maria Magdalena Loquet 



500 



Jan. 12 
1697 



Maria Magdalena Bolner 



501 



Oct. 21 
1697 



Joanna Maria Mode 



502 



Sept. 14 
1698 



Pieternella Verdonk 



Inscription. 

2, 1686), was the wife of the surgeon Anthony Mooy- 
art of Amsterdam, who was stationed at Matara 
(1669-73). Andries Durhee was most likely the son 
of Andries Durseus (Latinized form of Durhee), 
a Scotchman and doctor at Batavia (1628-48). 
Professional men in early times, notably clergymen, 
generally married into families, members of which 
followed the same profession. Magnus Wichebnan 
died as Director of Persia on July 8, 1705. 

Dese sark bedekt de lichamen van Willem Loquet 
VAN Rynbeek in zjoileven coopman en administra- 
teur tot Gale. Geboren den 16 Juny, Anno 1659, 
en overleden den 28 Juli, An. 1697. En desseKs 
huysvrouw Maeia Magdalena Chebpentier van 
WoEEDEN. Geboren den 10 Augusto An. 1648 en 
overleden den 25 Maart, 1699. 

( Journal, R.A.S.,C,B., vol. XV., p. 267 ; vol. XVII., 
p. 30.) 

Arms. — Dexter shield (Loquet): a bull's head 
affronts, collared and belled 

Sinister shield (Oherpentier) : argent, three stars 
(5) 

Crest. — ^A bull's head as in the arms. 

Maria Magdalena Oherpentier was first married, on 
February 17, 1692, to Comelis Hannecop, Chief 
of Calpentyn. 

Hier leyt begraven jufE. Maeia Magdalena van 
DEE Heyden Huysvrouw van den E. Heer 
Carel Bolner Commandeur der stad en landen 
van Gale, Mature. Overleeden den 12 Januario, 
Ao. 1697. 

Translation.— Rere lies buried Juff. Mabia Magda- 
lena VAN DER Heyden, wife of the Hon. Caeel 
Bolner, Commandeur of the Gitj and Lands of 
Galle and Matara. Died on January 12, 1697. 

Arms. — ^Argent, a bull's head affronts in chief, 
and two horseshoes in base. 

Carel Bolner was a native of Dantzic. He was 
thrice married, (1) to Magdalena Snevens ; (2) at 
Colombo, February 1, 1682, to Maria Magdalena van 
der Heyden of Hoorn, by whom he had a daughter 
baptized at Colombo, December 25, 1683 ; and (3) on 
March 5, 1 702, to Susanna van Schayck (died Malacca, 
February 4, 1707), widow of the Rev. Harmanus 
Specht of Utrecht, who died at Colombo in 1697. 
Susanna van Schayck was baptized at Colombo, 
May 5, 1661, being the daughter of Andries van 
Schayck of Utrecht and Abigail Ketelaar of Ter Goes, 
daughter of Jan Ketelaar and Susanna Haringmans, 
Susanna van Schayck' s first husband was Hendrik 
Schook, koopman. 

Hier legd begraven jufE. Joanna Maela Baalde, 
huysvrouw van Mons. Willem Mode, ondercoop. 
en Fiscaal tot Gale. Geboren tot Amsterdam den 
2 Marty, Ao. 1664. Obiit den 21 October, Ano. 
1697. Oud 33 jaren 7 maenden en 10 dagen. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 267 ; vol. XVn., p. 30.) 

Arms. — Sable, a chevron or, between three fleurs-de- 
lys argent - 

Crest. — A fleur-de-lys as in the shield. 

Joanna Maria Baalde was the daughter of 

Baalde and Cornelia van OuweIand,and was previously 
married to Johannes Brengman. Willem Mode married 
(2) Susanna Mattheus. The arms on the stone are 
the same as those of the Rev- Philip Baldseus, which 
surname is the Latinized form of Baalde. 

Gravesteen dekkende het doode lichaam van jufE- 
Pieternella de Riddee wed. wylen den Capitein- 
Luytenant Coenelis Verdonk. Overleden den 
14 September, Anno 1698. Oud 24 jaaren en 8 
maanden. 

Translation. — Tombstone covering the dead body of 
JufE. Pieternella db Ridder, widow of the late 
Captain -Lieutenant Coenelis Verdonk. Died on 
September 14, 1698. Aged 24 years and 8 months. 



( 158 ) 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


502 .. 


Sept. 14 . 
1698 


. Pieternella Weidonk—contd. 



503 



Sept. 7 
1702 



Maria Elizabeth Agota 



504 



17.04 



Christlaan Mulhousen 



505 



Jan. 1 
1706 



506 



May 13 


Liviiiia Valk 


1708 




April 8 


. . Willem Valk 


1708 





607 



Oct. 5 
1709 



The Dutch Church, Galle—contd. 

Inscription. 

Arms. — (Verdonk.) 

Azure, a lion rampant argent, armed and langued 
gules. 

Crest. — -A demi-lion issuant. 

This tombstone, together with that of Maria 
Magdalena van der Heyden, was recently found on 
the site of the Oroote Kerk. 

Hier onder leyt begraven mejuff Mabia Elizabeth 
VAJsr Lbesten, huysvrouw van den Eerw. Febdrik: 
NicoLAAS Agota. Obyt den 7 Septem., A. 1702,. 
oudt zynde, 40 jaar. 

(Journal, R.A.S. , C.B. , vol. XV., p. 268 ; vol. XVII. ^ 
p. 30.) . 

Arms. — Gules, in chief three swords in pUe argent^ 
points downwards, pommeled and hUted of the 
second ; in base, a bUlet between 8 fleiirs-de-lys, 3, 2, 3. 

Crest. — An eagle's head. 

Found with Nos. 498 and 510. 

Fredrik Nicolaas Agota came out to the Indies in 
the ship Bermster, and married (1) Sara Visvliet, 
(2) Maria Elizabeth van Leesten, and (3) Louisa 
Perpetua van Oudshoom van Sonnevelt, Maria 
Elizabeth van Leesten was no doubt a relation of the 
Rev, Johannes van Leesten stationed at Matara in 1 7 11 . 

er rust Cheistiaan Mulhousen der 

koopm e Compy en go des Cey 

ernemen 6 January leden de 

Ac. 1704 cud aren en 

{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 281.) 

Found in the back yard of a house in Chandos 
street in the Fort, built into the wall of a welL 
Evidently from the old churchyard close by, which 
is now the site of a Municipal market. 

Sandrina Reets van Sonne- Hier onder leyt begraven mejufirouw Sajstdrina 
velt Rests, geboren tot Uyttrecht den 7en AprU, 

Anno 1668, waarde huysvrouw van D. E. Jacobus 
VAN OuTSHOORN VAN SoNNEVELT, onderkcoopman 
en soldy boekhouder alhier, mitsgaders oud Fiscl 
der custe MaUabr. Overleden primo Januay 
Ao. 1706, oud zynde 37 Iren, 8 maenden en 24 dagen. 

[Ibid., vol. XV., p. 244.) 

Arms. — Dexter shield : quarterly 1 and 4, gules 
three hunting-horns argent. (Outshoorn) 2 and 3. 
Or, three fleurs-de-lys gules (Sonnevelt). 

Sinister shield : argent a dog ( ? ) rampant. 

These spouses had a son, Alexander Nicolaas, 
baptized soon after the death of the mother. Their 
will (January 11, 1703) mentions- their children 
Welhelmina, Welheknina Henrietta, Pieter Gabriel, 
and Maria Henrietta. 

Hier onder rusten de eerbaere Livinia Goutier,. 
huysvrouw van de Ed. Aernout Valk, koopman 
en administratetir des Gaalse Commandements, 
Geboorentot Colombo den 2en October, Ao. 1672. 
Obyt 13en May, Ao. 1708. Oud 35 jaren 7 maenden 
en 11 dagen. 

Zoomede haare zoon Willem Valk van Colombo, 
gebooren den 18en Juny Ao. 1695. Obyt ady 
8en April, Ao. 1708, oud 12 jaren lOmaandenen 
20 dagen. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., pp. 245, 287 ; vol. XVII. , p. 21 ;. 
vol. XVIIL, pp. 54, 56.) 

Livinia Goutier, baptized at Colombo October 20, 
1672, was the daughter of Johannes Goutier of Utrecht , 
vryburger, and Andreza Ferera. Aernout Valk was 
perhaps the son of Adriaan Valk and Anna Gomez. 

De erbare en deugderyke juffrouw Elizabeth van 
Hees van Vlissingen, huysvrouw van den Fiscaal 
Daniel Tistb, moeder van een kind is in haar 
42ste jaar op den 5en October, Ao. 1709, zaKgh 
overleden leght hier begraven en verwagt d' opstan-^ 
dinge. 

Posuit superstes maritus. 



Elizabeth Tiste 



( 159 



The Dutch Church, Galle— conicZ. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


507 .. 


Oct. 5 
1709 


. . Elizabeth Tiste — conld 



Inscription. 

( Journal, B.A.S.,C.B., vol. XV., p. 278 ; vol.XVIL, 
p. 31.) 

Daniel Tiste of Stokholm married Elizabeth van 
Hees of Flushing at Colombo, on September 25, 
1701. The child referred to is perhaps Maria Sibilla, 
baptized at Colombo, 1704, who married (1) at 
Colombo, September 10, 1719, Jacobus Gast of 
Tutucorin, and (2) at Colombo, February 8 , 1728, 
Pieter van Dalen of London, Sergeant, who married 
(2) at Colombo, October 14, 1731, Elisabeth Ravens of 
Colombo. 



508 . . Nov. 23 . . Joan van Velsen . . Hier onder rust in vrede het lyk van den E. Heer 

1709 Joan van Velsen in zyn leven Commandeur der 

Stad en landen van Gale, Mature, etc. Geboren 
tot Leyden den 2 July, Anno 1655. Obyt den 
23en Nov.., 1709, oud 54 jaren, 4 maenden en 
21 dagen. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 243 ; vol. XVII., p. 21.) 

Arms. — Argent, three bells 

Crest. — A bell as in the arms. 

Joan van Velsen was married to Anna Pyl and had 
ason, Johan, whowas living at Leyden in 1712, and 
afterwards left for Batavia as a cadet. 

509 . . March 13 . . Richardina Magdalena Doude Hier onder rust 't lyk van Richabdina Magdalena 

1710 DoTJDE, jonge dogter. Geboren tot. Jaffana- 

patnam den 8ten October anno 1700 en in den 
Heere ontslapen tot Gale den 13ten Maert anno 
1710. 

(J6id., vol. XV., p. 243.) 

Arms. — Party per pale (1) a dexter arm holding a 
hammer, (2) a hart's head eabossed. 

She was no doubt the daughter of Rev. Gerrardus 
Doude (D'Oude) of Leyden and Susanna Robertina 
Collaart, as he was stationed at JaHna in 1700 in 
succession to the Rector of the Seminary there, the 
Rev. Adriaan de Mey. 



510 



May 15 
1710 



Joanna Henrietta Weyns 



511 



Jan. 17 
1715 



Don Theodose de Costa 



helmet contourne between two 



Heir onder rust 't lyk van D'Edele gebooren deugd en 
zedenrycke juffrouw Joanna HbnbiettaCollabd 
VAN Lynden, in haar leven waerde huysvrouw van 
de Heer Isaac Weyns, opperkoopman en Dessave 
tot Mature, mitsgaders secunde van't Gaalse 
Commandement. Geboren tot Delft den 2en 
October Ao. 1670 en salig in den Heere ontslapen 
den 15 May Ao. 1710. Oud 39 jaer, seven maenden 
en 13 dagen, zynde trouwd geweest 21 jaren, 
maendn en 2 dagen. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 247.) 

Arms. — Argent, a stag's head eabossed. 

Crest. — An open 
branches (?). 

Found with Nos. 498 and 503. 

There was a Sophia Weyns of Haarlem (widow of 
Jan van Dam, boekhouder), who married at 
Colombo, June 19, 1712, Michiel Panned of Middel- 
burg, onderkoopman, Colombo. 

Hier onder rust Don Theodose de Costa soons zoon 
van de gewesen Banacke zaliger Don Joan de 
Costa in syn leven geweest tolk Mohotiaar en 
Mohandiram der inlandse guarde van de Heeren 
Commandeurs tot Gale. Geboren den 18en May 
Ao. 1672. Obyt 17en January anno 1715 oud 
geweest zynde 42 jaern 7 maenden ende 30 dagen. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 246.) 

" Grandson of the Banacke." 

There was a Don Joan de Costa (junior) who was 
Sabandhaar (Customs Officer) of GaUe, and married 
(I) Dona Gimara, and (2), November 5, 1676, Anna 
de Floris Perera. He was perhaps the son of 
Don Joan de Costa, Sabandhaar, who accompanied 
General Hulf t to the Kandyan court. 



( 160 ) 



The Dutch Church, Galle—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


512 .. 


Oct. 31 
1716 


Monica Winekelman 



Inscription. 
Onder dit sark in een kist leyd het doode leyk en rust 
van Monica Roseboom in haar leven huysvrouw 
van den opperchirurgn Fredbik Willem 
WiNCKELMAN : natis op Gale Ao. 1688 den 22 
October : Obyt Ao. 1716 ultmo October. 
(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol, XV., p. 247.) 

Perhaps daughter of Hendrik Roseboom and Isabella 
Andriesz. Their daughter Magdalena Roseboom,. 
baptized at Galle, December 8, 1696, married 
Benjamin Cooymans. 



513 



June 5 
1717 



Gellius Geldesma 



Hier onder rust den Eerwaarde Hr Gellius Geldesma^ 
bedienaar der geraeynte Jesu Ohristi. Overleden 
den 5 Juny 1717, out 33 jaeren en 2 maanden. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 247 ; vol. XVII., p. 22.) 

Gellius Geldesma was married to Johanna Jacoba 
de Carpentier of Negapatnam. She married, as 
■widow G«ldesma, on February 6, 1718, Jonker Joan 
van Naarden of Utrecht, onderkoopman, Colombo. 

Gellius Geldesma was a student at Franeker in 1696, 
arrived at Java on February 10, 1713, and was sent 
to Ceylon (GaUe) in 1715. 



514 



Dec. 25 
1718 



Jan Dondien 



515 



July 15 
1719 



Johanna Taay van Wezel . , 



516 



July 30 
1721 



Nicolaas Brasser van Heuvel 



617 



April 28 
1734 



Adriana Berghuys 



Hier rust 't lyck van den Eersamen Jan Dondien 
in syn leven vrycoopman en sergeand der burgery 
tot Gale. Geboren t' Antwerpen den 21 January 
Ao. 1662. Overleden den 25 December Ao. 1718, 
oud zynde 56 jaren 11 maanden en 5 dagen. 
{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 248 ; vol. XVIT., p. 22.) 

He married as a soldaat at Colombo on September 
25, 1689, Maria Woutersz of Colombo. 

Hier legt begraven Juffr Johanna van Rhee huys- 
vrouw van den E. Heer Cobnelis Taay van 
Wezel gewezen pi. gesaghebr. deses Commande- 
ments en Dessave van Mature. Geboren tot Naga- 
patnam den 19 Mey Ao. 1668 en gestorvendenl5 
July Ao. 1719 out 46 jaren een maenden 26 dagen. 
{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 247 ; vol. XVH., p. 22.) 

• Arms. — Party per pale. (1) Van Rhee (already- 
blazoned), (2) per fess, in chief a Hon rampant, in 
base a shield coup6 between three stags" heads. 

Johanna van Rhee was the daughter of Thomas 
van Rhee of Wyk-ter-Duurstede, Governor of Ceylon,, 
and Henrietta van Kriekenbeek of the same town. 
Cornelis Taay van Wezel was a native of Dordrecht. 
The name Taay van Wezel is due to a marriage of a 
Mr. van Wezel with a Miss Taay. It is curious to- 
note that one Maria Taay (born 1692), daughter of 
Hendrik Taay and Anna van Wezel, was the wife of 
Johan van den Burg, Heer van Naaldwyk (4 Wapen- 
herut, p. 235). 

Hier onder rust den Assistent Nicolaas Bkassbe 
VAN Hetjvbl jongste en lievste soon van den 
Commandeur Nicolaas van Hetjvel. Gebooren 
den 15 Augs. Ao. 1701 tot Trinconamale, en over- 
leden den 30en July Ao. 1721 tot Gale. 
{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 250.) 

Arms. — Party per fess : ( 1 ) party per pale, (a) argent 
three nenuphar leaves, (6) argent harry of five, 
argent and gules ; (2) azure, a boar's head argent, 
flanked by two antlers argent paleways, the point of 
the dexter directed downwards. 

Crest. — A sinister hand holding an arrow directed 
bendwise. 

As an onderkoopman he was at Manaar in 1687, 
where his wife, Ana van Cralen, lies buried. 

Hier legt begraven Adbiana Swinnas huysvrouw 
van den Gaals opperchirurgyn Diek Beeghuys. 
Overleden den 28 April Ao. 1734, oud 44 jaren, 1. 
maand, 20 dagen. 



( 161 



Serial No. 
517 . 



Date. 
April 28 
1734 



The Dutch Church, Galle 

Name. 

Adriana Berghuys— c<m«rf. 



-contd. 



518 



Dec. 4 
1735 



Elizabeth Margaritta de 
Jong 



519 



April 11 
1737 



Gesina EUsabet Overbeek . . 



520 



Sept. 11 
1737 



Jaeobus van der Horst 



521 



Dec. 13 
1737 



Abraliam van der Hart 



522 



Dec. 28 
1738 



Elizabeth Overbeek 



623 



Dec. 13 
1739 



Carel Pieter Swensen 



Inscription. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 249; vol. 
XVII., p. 23.) 

Adriana Swinnas, Magdalena Swinnas (wife of Jan 

Helfrig Raket), Maria Swinnas (wife of van 

Buren) were evidently sisters of Hubertus Swinnas 
of Rotterdam, an onderkoopman at Negapatnaro, 
1739. 

Hier onder legd begraven het lyk van Elizabeth 
Makgaeitta Hbywen vrouw van de Glials gerag- 
hebber Imajst de Jong, gebooren te Batavia 29 
Maert Anno 1689 en overleden in het rusthuys van 
^^blangodde, onder het district van Gale op den 4 
)eceniber 1735 en begraven den 5 daeraan, oud 
Vnde 45 jaaren 8 maanden en 5 dagen. 
(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 242 ; vol. XVIIL, p. 395.) 
4rms.— Quarterly : ( 1) or, a doe rampant (Heynen) ; 
(2) argent, three roses gules (van Nes) ; (3) or, an eagle 
displayed gules (Roman) ; (4) azure, a lion rampant 
argent, armed and langued gules. 
Crest. — A Uon as in the arms. 

She was the daughter of Johannes Heynen 
and Welheknina van Nes, and granddaughter of the 
Rev. Bartholomeus He5m6n and Margareta Roman, 
daughter of Rev. Johan Roman of Haarlem, Predikant 
at Batavia. She married, (1) at Batavia, May 5, 
1707, Johan Fredrik Gobius; and (2) at Malacca, 
October 7, 1730, Iman de Jong of Zierikzee, son of 
Johan de Jong of Zierikzee and Sara Daneken. He 
was Commandeur of Galle, 1737, and dieid at Jaffna, 
December 13, 1737, as Commandeur there. 

Ter gedagtenisse van Gesina ELis.ffBET Overbeek. 
Gebooren tot Tutucoryn den 11 September Anno 
1734 en overleden tot Gale den 11 April 1737 oud 
twee jaren en seven maanden. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 252.) 

Gesina Elisabet Overbeek was the daughter of 
Daniel Overbeek of Amsterdam, Commandeur of 
Galle, and Elisabeth Hals of Colombo. 

Hier onder leyd begraven den Capitein der Burgeryen 
alhier D. E. Jacobtts van dee Horst. Overleeden 
den 11 September 1737. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 252.) 

Arms. — Party per saltire, or, 1, 2, 3 a trefoil; 4, 
a pigeon volant holding in its beak a twig. 
Crest. — A demi-pegasus. 

Ter gedagtenisse van Abraham van der Hart in zyn 
leeven schipper in den dienst der E. Compagnio 
laatste bescheyden geweest op 't sehip "St. 
Laurens." Gebooren tot Maaslandsluys den Anno 

overleden tot Gale den 13Decembr Ao.l737 

oud jaaren maanden en 

daagen. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 251.) 

Arms. — Argent, a heart pierced by two arrows 
saltirewise, the arrow heads in base. 

Crest. — A heart pierced as in the arms, but the 
arrow heads directed upwards. 

Ter gedagtenisse van juffrouw^ Elizabeth Hals 
huysvrouvire van den Commandeur Daniel Over- 
beek. Geboren den 20 Aug. 1701, overleeden den 
28 Deer. 1738 oud seven en dertig jaaren vier 
maanden en agt dagen. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 251 ; vol. XVIL, p. 24; vol. 
XVIIL, p. 55.) 

Daughter of Jacob Hals of Amsterdam, Captain of 
the Bxjrgery, and Dominga Suarus. 

Ter gedagtenisse van D. E. Carel Pieter Swensen 
schipper en equipagiemeester tot Gale. Geboren 
tot Colombo den 18 Juny Ao. 1691, overleden 
tot Gale den 13 December 1739, oud 48 jarea 
6 maanden en 4 dagen. 

82-09 



( 162 ) 



The Dutch Church, Galle—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


523 .. 


Dec. 13 . 
1739 


Card Pieter Swensen- 



-contd. 



524 



Feb. 7 
1743 

Nov. 17 
1743 

April 23 
1751 



Joan Mattheus Nieper 
Catharina Agnita Nieper 
Jacob Fredrick Nieper 



525 



Oct. 21 
1747 



Elizabeth de Jong 



626 



April 13 
1758 



(Ras Macquet) 



Inscription. 

(Journal, R.A.S.,C.B., vol. XV., p. 282; vol. XVII., 
p. 32.) 

Arms. — The same as those on the tombstone of 
Maria Sophia Ravens. 

This tomb was found buried in the groimd, with 
only a small portion of one corner emerging from it, 
at the Municipal market in Pedlar street in 1898, 

Carel Pieter Swensen was the son of Pieter Swensen 
of Calmar (?), schoolmaster, and Isabella Pieris. 
He was married to Maria Sophia Ravens of Jaffna, 
who was afterwards the wife of Jacob de Jong, 
Commandeur of Jaffna. 

" Equipagiemeester " = Master Attendant. 

Hier onder rust Joan Mattheus Nieper geboren Ac. 
1742 den 15 December : gestorven den 7 February 
Ao. 1743. Catharina Agnita Nibpee geboren 
den 1 July 1743, gestorven den 17 November in het 
selfde jaar. Jacob Fredrick Nieper geboren 
den 2 October Ao. 1744, in den Heere ontslapen 
den 23 April Ao. 1751 in ouderdom van 6 jaren 
en 6 maanden en 25 daagen. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 252; vol. XVII. , p. 24.) 
Arms. — Party per fess, gules, in chief three ducks 
fessways. 

Children of Jan Willem Nieper of Verden, Surgeon- 
Major, Galle, and Johanna Isabel Fockes. 

Hier legt het lichaam onder verslonden door de doot 
maar egter leeit de ziel by God in Abrams schoot 
van Mejuffrouw Elizabeth Mooyaabt in den 
Heere ontslapen op Saterdag voor de middag 
omtrent de Klokke elf unzen den 21 October Anno 
1747 in den ouderdom van 47 jaaren 5 maanden en 
11 dagen zynde in haar leeve gemalinne van den 
E. Agtb : Heer Jacob de Jong Commandeur der 
Stad en Landen van Gp-le Mature. 
salige matroon hier rust gy in den Heer 
, Die nu U misse moet die vind U weleens weer 
Wanneer het lichaams stof verheerlyk rysen sal ' 

Dat is een iders lot by 't salig sterf geval. 

Job. 19, vers. 25. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 250 ; vol. XVII. , p. 23.) 

Arms. — Quarterly: (1) two tridents saltirewise ; (2) 
a mermaid (?) ; (3) a barrel fessways ; (4) the letters 
E. M. 

Crests. — Dexter : the tridents as in the arms. 

Sinister : a mermaid (?) holding a trident. 

The following contemporaneous record of the death 
of Elizabeth Mooyaart is taken from the family 
papers of the Mooyaart family : — 

"On the 21st Oct., 1747, there slept in the Lord 
in Galle our very dear and most worthy sister, Eliza- 
beth Mooyaart, who was married to the Commandeur 
there, the Hon. Jacob de Jong, and this whilst in 
good health and up and doing, she was seized with 
a fit whilst opening a box and expired immediately. 
Although this is a hard and cruel blow to us, we must 
resign ourselves to the will and pleasLwe of the Lord." 
The passage is, of course, in Dutch. 

Elizabeth Mooyaart was the daughter of Mcolaas 
Mooyaart and Johanna van Esohweiler. Jacob de 
Jong was bom at Mannar, and was the son of Jacob 
de Jong of Ter Veer and Johanna Pasque de 
Chavonnes of Hulst. 

Obiit den 13 April Ao. 1758, setat .50 j. 2 m. 19 d. 

{Ibid., vol. XVII., p. 24.) 

Arms. — (Macquet.) Azure, two arrows tipped or, 
placetl saltirewise and directed downwards ; in chief, 
a star (5) of the second. 

Crest. — A sinister arm embowed and vambraced 
azure, holding an arrow as in the arms, directed 
dexter. 

A hatchment (wapenbord). 

Arms of Ras Macquet, Commandeur of Galle. He 
was married to Johanna Corneha Takel, bom at 
Colombo, 1718, daughter of Cornells Takel of Amster-. 
dam, onderkoopman, and Maria Sager of Colombo. 



( 163 



The Dutch Church, Guile— contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


527 .. 


Oct. 7 




1764 



Name. 

Anna Maria Schuttrup 



528 



529 



May 3 
1766 



May 8 
1766 



Abraham Samlant 



Abraham Samlant 



530 



Aug. 5 
1785 



Maria Cornelia de I^y 



531 



Oct. 11 
1785 



Anna Jacoba Kraayenhoff 



Inscription. 

Hier legt begraven mejuffrouwe Anna Mabia van 
DER Linden weduwe van wylen Den E. Heer 
PiETEB Eldbes Schutteup, oppcrkoopman en 
Colombose Dessave. Geb. te Batavia den 14 Septr. 
1719. Obiit den 7 Octobr. 1764 eene vrouwe die 
door veele deugden haar by God en menschen 
heeft aangenaam gemaakt. Zalig zynde die in den 
heere sterven. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 253.) 

Arms. — Dexter shield (Schuttrup) : a tower of four 
stages, the first and fourth mounted each with two 
guns pointed dexter and sinister. 

Sinister shield (van der Linden) : argent, on a mount 
vert, a linden- tree proper. 

Daughter of Johannes van der Linden, onderkoop- 
man, Batavia. Pieter Elders Schuttrup was the son 
of Abraham Schuttrvip of Amsterdam and ComeUa 
Elders. 

Hier legt begraven den Wei Edelen Agtbaaren 
Hr. Abraham Samlant Commandeur der Stad en 
Landen van Gale en Mate. Geb. den 12 Aug. 1713 
en hier t'Gale overln. den 3 Mey 1766. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., pp. 226, 248.) 

Ter gedachtenis van den Wl. Ed. Ag. Hr. Abraham 
Samlant van Colombo. Geboren den 12 Aug. 
1713 en als Gommandeur te Gale overleden den 
8 May 1766. 

Arms. — Centre shield (Samlant) : already blazoned. 

Two dexter shields on the side. 

Samlant. — (As above.) 

Lerrvmens. — Vert, a fess gules between three lozenges 
or, two in chief and one in base. 

Two sinister shields. 

Emans. — (Already blazoned.) 

Martiens. — Vert three roses argent. 

A hatchment. 

Barent Barentsz Samlant of Haarlem, Vryburger, 
married at Colombo, August 10, 1687, Hester Schatte- 
man of Colombo, and had by her Barent Samlant, 
bom at Colombo, 1688, married, 1712, Johanna Clara 
Emans, daughter of Abraham Emans of Amsterdam, 
Chief of the Cinnamon Department. Their son was 
Abraham Samlant, who married Agneta Bierens, 
daughter of Dirk Bierens and Catherina Toorzee. 

Hier legt begraaven Vrouwe Maria Cornelia 
Schuttrup, gemaabnne van den Raad Extraordi- 
nair van Nederlands India en Kommandeur alhier 
Arnoldus de Ly. Was gebooren te Gale 30 Nov. 
1742, gehuwt te Colo. 7 Nov. 1756, overleeden 
den 5 Aug. 1785, eene dogter van wylen den oppcr- 
koopman en Colombo's Dessave Pibter Elders 
Schuttrup en Ajtna Maria van der Linden. 

ZaUg zyn de dooden die in den Heere sterven. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 248 ; vol. XVII., p. 23.) 

Arm^. — Dexter shield (De Ly) : quarterly 1 and 
2 sable, a chevron or, between three fleura-de-lys or : 
2 and 3, party per pale (1) sable, two stars (5) or, 
paleways (2) gules, a pine argent. 

Sinister shield (Schuttrup) : already blazoned. 

Amoldus de Ly was a native of Bergen-op-Zoom. 
His son, Andreas Everardus de Ly, studied at 
Harderwyk (1776), returned to Ceylon, and married 
Dorothea Petronella van der Spar. Their daughters 
were Arnoldina Johanna and Dorothea Agatha. The 
former married George Laughton of London, Customs 
Master, and the latter married (1) Captain John 
William Young, and (2) Captain Edward Lockyer, 
19th Regiment. 

Ter gedagtenisse van de waardige en ooyt volvreede 
vrouwe Anna Jacoba van db Leur, teeder 
beminde en dierbare egtgenote van den Heere 
Cornelius Dionysius Keaayenhofp, opper- 
coopman en gezaghebber der stad en landen van. 



( 164 ) 



The Dutch Church, Galle — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


531 .. 


Oct. 11 
1785 


Anna Jaeoba Kraayenhofl— 

contd. 



532 



July 4 
1790 



Johan Fredrik Andrae 



533 



Nov. 26 
1791 



Clara Josina Sluysken 



534 



June 30 
1800 



Theobald von Hugel 



Inscription. 

Gale en Mature. Gebooren den 12 April, 1747, en 
tot bitter leedweezen van alien die haare deugden 
en groote zielshoedanigheeden bekend waeren 
zaJig in den Heeren ontslapen den 11 October, 
Ao. 1785. 
{Journal, B.A.8., C.B., vol. XV., p. 249; vol. 

XVIL.p. 23.) 

Arms. — Dexter shield (Krayenhoff) : argent three 
rooks sable. 

Sinister shield (Van de Leur) : quarterly : 1 and 
4 azure a swan argent, 2 and 3 or, 3 pots sable. 

Anna Jaeoba van de Leur was a native of Oude- 
tong, and married at Colombo, December 8, 1765, 
Major Pierre Duflo of Kouen. She married (2), 
December 17, 1769, Cornelius Dionysius KrayeuhoH 
of Hoorn, who, after her death, married in 1788 
Appollonia Magdalena van Angelbeek of Batavia, 
widow of Frederik Jacob Billing, Dissave of Colombo. 

Hier rust het lyk van -wylen den Wei Edelen Man- 
hafte Hear Johan Fredrik Andeab in leeven 
Capityn-Luytenant der Honorable Militie te 
Cochin. Geboren te Golding in Saxen den 5 Maart 
1752, gestorve hier te Gale den 4 July, 1790, in den 
ouderdom van 38 jaaren en 4 maanden. Zjn Wei 
Edele Manhafte was hier te Gale kort voor desselfs 
overlyden aangekomen om na Europa zyn vader- 
land terug te keeren edog wierd het tydelyk teegen 
het eeuwige verwisselend ende in deeze aangename 
hoop bedroogen. 

Mensch meest bereyd te sterven. 

{lUd., vol. XV., p. 249.) 

Arms. — A shield charged with a representation of 
St. Andrew bearing his cross. 

Crest. — -A wreath (?). 

Johan Fredrik Andrae was married to Josina 
Magdalena van Haren of Cochin, and had a daughter, 
Maria EUzabeth, born at Cochin, January 10, 1788; 
died Galle, April 22, 1809; married at Galle, March 
29, 1805, Johan Friedrich Lorenz of Tempelburg, 
Police Magistrate of Matara. 

Aftother daughter, Wilhelmina Magdalena Andrae, 
was the wife of John Godheb Buttenmuller of Lud- 
wigsburg, Lieutenant, Wm'temburg Regiment. 

Josina Magdalena van Haren married (2) at Galle, 
February 27, 1791, Dirk Haiting. She was most pro- 
bably the daughter of Reynier van Haren of Carapen, 
hoofd administrateur of Cochin, where he died on 
March 16, 1789, aged 55 years. 

Ter gedagtenisse van de Eersame jongvrouwe Claea 
JosnsTA teedergeUefde en dierbare dogter van den 
Wei Edelen Achtbare Heer Pieter Slxjysken, 
Commandeur der Stad Gale en landen van Mature, 
etca. Geboren den 14 May, 1776, en tot bitter 
leedwezen vanaUe die hare deugden en zielhoedanig- 
heeden bekend waren zalig in den Heeren onts- 
lapen den 26 November, 1791, in den ouderdom 
van 15 jaren 4 maanden en 12 dagen. 
Met luister kon haar harte en yder streele 
En in haar vaders borst de diepste wonde heele. 
(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 244 ; vol. XVIL, p. 36.) 
Arms. — Azure a greyhound sejant and contourn6 
argent, collared or. 

Crest. — A greyhound as in the arms. 
Clara Josina Sluysken was bom at Colombo, and 
was the daughter of Pieter Sluysken of Amsterdam 
and Susanna Petronella Medeler, the daughter of 
Major Hendrik Medeler of Braekel and Gertruida 
Augustin of Batavia. 

Hier rust het lyk van wylen den Hoog Wei Gebooren' 
Heer Theobald von Hugel in leeven Colonel 
en Commandt van het Hertoglr. Wurtemberse 
Regimt., ChevaUer de I'ordre militaire pour le 
merite. Gebooren te Strasburg den 20 April, 1739, 
Overleedn. te Gale den 30 Juny, 1800. 
(" Lapidarium Zeylanioum," p. 64.) 



( 165 ) 



The Dutch Church, Galle—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


534 .. 


June 30 




1800 



Name. 

Theobald von Hugel — contd. 



535 



June 30 
1800 



Theobald von Hugel 



536 



Jan. 26 
1801 



Grace Beck 



537 



Nov. 24 
1806 



Mattheus van dei- Spar 



Inscription. 

The former Queen's House at Galle, now belonging 
to Messrs. Clark, Spenoe & Co. , was at the time when 
Lieutenant-Colonel James Campbell landed at Galle 
in 1819 said to be haunted by the ghost of Colonel 
von Hugel. " Here the reputed ghost is that of 
an old fat Dutch colonel, who died many years 
ago when Commandant of Galle ; and his spurs (he 
having been a knight) still hang up in the church 
upon a finely decked escutcheon. I have not as yet 
had a visit from Heer von Hugel." (" Excursions, 
Adventures, and Field Sports in Ceylon," by 
Lieutenant-Colonel James Campbell, vol. I., p. 99.) 

A Lieutenant von Hugel left Ceylon for Calcutta 
on March 27, 1817. 

Ter gedachtenis van den Hoogwelgebooren Heer 
Theobald von Htjgel, Colonel, Commandant van 
het Regiment van Wurtemberg, Chevalier de 
I'ordre Militair pour le merite. Gebooren te Stras- 
burg d. 20 April, 1739. Overleeden, den 30 Junv, 
Ao. 1800. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 253; vol. 
XVII., p. 25.) 

Arms. — Quarterly : 1 and 4 gules, 6 cannon balls 
heaped 1, 2, 3. 2 and 3 azure, a sinister hand 
embowed and vambraced, sable, issuing out of clouds 
and holding a sword, sable. 

Supporter {dexter). — A greyhound regardant, argent, 
collared or. 

A hatchment. 

One Johan Christiaan von Hugel, Captain, Wur- 
temburg Regiment, married at the Cape, February 
15, 1789, Alberta Elizabeth AUeman. Possibly a son. 

To the memory of Mrs. Geace Beck, who departed 
this life in the thirty- eighth year of her age on the 
26th January, 1801. To commemorate her amiable 
virtue as an affectionate and fond wife, a tender 
step-mother, a warm and steady friend, her dis- 
consolate husband hath caused this tablet to be 
placed over her ever to be revered remains. 

Conjugam optima, muUerum amantissama Vale. 

Hier onder legt begraven Mattheus van dee Spar, 
Koopman en gewezen administrateur des Gaalsch 
Commandements in dienst van de Nederlandsche 
Oost Indiasche Maatschappy. Gebooren te Jaffana- 
patnam den 19 May, 1730, gestorven te Gale den 
24 November, 1806. 

Hy- die de dood verwon. 

Zal onze leydsman zyn 

En geven in der nacht 

Een holder zonneschyn. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 243; vol. XVII., p. 21.) 

Arms. — Party per pale ( 1 ) per f ess in chief a star ( 6) , 
in base an anchor (2) per bend sinister and two bend- 
lets. 

Crest. — A star as in the arms. 

Mattheus van der Spar was the son of Johannes 
van der Spar and Johanna Coorn. There were 
many persons of the name of van der Spar settled in 
the north of the Island from early times. With the 
disappearance of the old Dutch Church registers it is 
now somewhat difficult to connect these persons with 
each other, but piecing together genealogical scraps 
collected from other sources the following result can 
be obtained : — 

Johannes van der Spar : opperhoofd, Manaar ; 
Administrateur, GaUe, 1717; married Anna Verwyk, 
the daughter of Jurgen Verwyk, Vryburger, Jaffna, 
and had by her the following children : — 

1. Jurgen, Opperkoopman and Hoofd-adminis- 
trateiw, Colombo ; Raad Ordinair, Batavia. Born at 
Jaffna; died Batavia, February 6, 1766; married (1) 
Anna Adriana Woutersz, died 1738, daughter of 
Gualterus Woutersz, Commandeur of Jaffna; (2) at 
Batavia, March 6, 1756, Johanna Fluyt of Nega- 
patnam, the widow of Christoffel MoU. Of the first 
marsi^ge, Johannes Gualterus, born at Jaffna, died 



( 166 ) 



The Dutch Church, Galle — contd. 



Serial No. 
537 . 



Date. 

Nov. 24 

1806 



Name. 

Mattheus van der Spar- 



Inscription. 

-contd. before November 19, 1759, married at Batavia, 
September 24, 1757, Henrica van de Polder of 
Utrecht. 

2. Maria Magdalena, baptized at Colombo, 
December 24, 1711. 

3. Philippus, alive in 1760, Administrateur , 
Jaffna, died there 1762, married Johanna Maria 
Brengman. 

4. Johannes, Consumptie-boekhouder, Mannar, 
married Johanna Coorn. 
Anrui, baptized at Colombo, June 23, 1715. 
Juatinus, married Maria Petronella Dormieux. 
Laurens, baptized at Galle, September 21, 



538 



Sept. 21 
1812 



Catherina van Schuler 



539 



Jan. 18 
1816 



John Twisleton Harvard 



540 



Oct. 11 
1819 



Elizabeth Kadensk;^ 



1746, 

5. 

6. 

7. 
1716. 



Ter gedagtenis van Mejuff Catherina Mabtheze 
gehuwd geweest met den Heer Elias van Schtjlee. 
Gebooren den 2 November, 1783, en overleede te 
Gale den 21 September, 1812. 
Haare goede en lieflyke hoedaanigheeden maakten 
haar by een ider bemind en haar vroegtydig verlies 
verwekt een hartgrievend smert aan haaren on- 
troostbaaren echtgenoot en onnoozel dogtertje. 
Uxor amata vale ! Sed quis tua busta rigamus has 
lachrymas nostre pignus amorie habe. 

(Journal, R.A.S.. C.B., vol. XV., p. 245; vol. 
XVII., p. 22.) 

Arms. — (Van Schuler.) Or, a fess embattled — 
counter-embattled sable. 

Crest. — A peacock's feather. 

Supporters. — Two griffins or. 

These are the Van Schuler arms. 

Catherina (Francina) Martheze was married to Elisis 
van Schuler at Matara on September 4, 1811. 
She was the daughter of Nicolaas Bemardus 
Martheze of Galle (born 1750), boekhouder, by his 
second wife Francina Gerardina Solomina Kersee of 
Jaffna, and the granddaughter of Bartholomeus 
Martheze of Jaffna and Elizabeth Bernarda Truyns 
of Galle. 

Elias van Schuler (baptized at Galle, March 17, 
1793, died April 3, 1817) was the son of Pieter 
Wilem Ferdinand Adriaan van Schuler of Utrecht, 
Dissave of Matara, and Wilhelmina Catharina 
Leembruggen, and grandson of Jan van Schuler of 
Amsterdam, a Receiver-General of Utrecht, and 
Baroness Adriana Sophia vanReede vanOudshoom. 
(" Nederlandsche Leeuw," vol. XXVI., p. 294.) 

In memory of John Twisleton Harvard, infant 
son of the Revd. W. M. Harvard, Missionary, 
who was born at Colombo, November 4th, 1815, 
and died at this place January 18th, 1816. 

Named after the Archdeacon. 
" Associated with Mr. Clough in the first years of 
the mission was William Martin Harvard. He was in 
Ceylon 1813-1818, and died in 1857. He wrote 'A 
Narrative of the Establishment and Progress of the 
Mission to Ceylon and India,' published in 1823. 
The history of the commencement of the mission 

was written by him in a work of great 

interest, one of the first narratives of any 

length published on modern missions," (Hardy, 
p. 303.) 

" On 15th of January, 1815, Mr. andMrs. Harvard, 
with their infant, left the harbour of Bombay and 
embarked for Ceylon, but they had a long and 
dangerous passage, and did not reach Ceylon until the 
23rd of February. They met with the same kind 
reception, particularly from Lord and Lady Moles- 
worth, who were about to embark for England in the 
transport Amiston, in which the Molesworths were 
lost." (Ihid., p. 69.) 

Sacred to the memory of Elizabeth Kadensky. 
Born 11th January, 1767. Died 11th October, 
1819. 

Perhaps a daughter of Johan Pieter Kadensky and 
Ester Henrietta Theodora Bagman of Galle. 



( 167 ) 



Serial No. 


Date. 


541 .. 


June 15 




1829 



The Dutch Church, Galle 

Name. 

Ana Benjamina Barendsz 



-contd. 



542 



Aug. 9 
1832 



Mary MeKenny 

Robert Newton MeKenny 



643 . . Oct. 6 
1835 



Jan Marten Wittensleger 



644 . . Jan. 6 



Johannes 



645 



Mlehiel Adriaens 



Inscription. 

Hier leyd begraven Mejuffrouw Ana Benjamina 
Gereitsz weduwe van den te Colombo overleeden 
boekhouder de Heer Johannes Barendsz. Over- 
leeden op Gale den 15 June 1829 in haar ouderdom 
van 89 jaaren. 

Zy verwagt nu de zalige opstandinge der dooden. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 245 ; vol. XVII., 
p. 22.) 

Ana Benjamina Gerritsz married Johaones 
Barendsz on November 30, 1755. 

In memory of Mary, wife of John McKenny, Wes- 
leyan Missionary. Who died the 9th of August, 
1832. Aged 48 years. And likewise her son 
Robert Newton. 

" John MeKenny was born at Coleraine, and was 
one of the men chosen for the rrussionary work by 
Dr. Coke. He was first stationed at the Cape of Good 
Hope, but as he was not allowed to exercise his 
ministry in that Colony, he came forward to Ceylon. 
He was the means of the erection of several chapels 
in the Island, and was for some time the Chairman 
of the District. He was in Ceylon 1816-1834. In 
1832 he was appointed to superintend the Wesleyan 
churches in Australia. He died 1847." (Hardy, 
p. 302.) 

" On the 6th of July, 1820, the chapel atNegombo 

was consecrated to the service of God In the 

evening Mr. McKenny preached." (Hardy, p. 106.) 
He was afterwards stationed at Siduwa in Negombo 
District. He opened a school at Wekade, a mile 
beyond Panadure, in 1822. 

Mary Smyth was married to Rev. John McKenny 
at St. A,ndrews, Dublin, on December 22, 1813. He 
had by her two sons, bom at Jaffna, viz., William 
Smyth and Robert. John McKenny married (2) at 
Colombo, July 8, 1833, " Sarah, relict of the late 
James Macrae." 

Tot gezegent aandenken van wylen den Eerwaarden 
Heer Jan Marten Wittensleger, gebooren te 
Galle den J3 May, 1763. Overleeden den 6 October 
1835. 

Hy wJerd voor de Gemeente alliier bevestigt als 
diaken in 1804, als ouderUng in 1812 en als propo- 
nent in 1823. In deze ampten heeft de zalige zich 
loffelyk gekweten en de Gemeente riiim 28 jaaren 
gesticht met onvermoeyden vlyt in leere en in 
lev en. Zyn nederige wandel was steeds opregt, 
gepaart met edela zugt y ver en lief de voor Gods eer. 
En voor't heil zyner mede menschen, zyae gezind- 
heid en handelwyze deed hem onder ons uitmun- 
ten in eJke zyner levens betrekkingen. 

Als een waardig man, als een edele Vriend, als een 
waar Christen, als een trouwe dienaar en naar- 
volger van Jesus zynen God en Heer. 

Gesticht door de gemeente te Galle 1836. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., pp. 246, 279.) 
He was the sonof Jan Wittensleger of Amsterdam 
and Arembewellege Junesa. 

Hier end Johannes \ an Nieuwcas 

boekhoude dienst der Ed Obyt 6 

Janua Zynde 28 jaar dagen. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 281.) 

Found at the same time and place as No. 506. 

Hier onder leyt begraven den E. Michibl Adriaens 
in syn l3ven coopman en administrateur \a,n Gale 
is in d ;n Heer gerust den 5 anno 

{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 279; vol. XVIL, p. 31 ; 
vol. XVIIL.p. 67.) 

Found at the same time and place as No. 497. 

Miohiel Adriaens of Hertogenbosch was married 
to Maria de Cunha, by whom he had a son, Michiel, 
baptized at Colombo on August 18, 1658, and a 



( 168 ) 



The Dutch Church, Galle—contd. 



Serial No. 
545 



Date. 



Name. 

Miehiel Adriaens — contd. 



546 



Nov. 21 
1838 



George Hay Boyd 



547 



March 18 
1840 



Gertruida Petronella Sehroter 



Inscription, 
daughter, Lucretia, baptized at Colombo, Februarys, 
1661. There is no date on the stone. Perhaps the 
Administrateur was the son. 

The arms are difficult to blazon. In chief there 
are ranged, f ess- wise, a' sun in his splendour, a 
scroU(?), a hand issuing out of clouds holding a 
wreath ( ?). In base a human figure holding in his ( ?) 
dexter hand a flag, and in the sinister a ball sur- 
mounted by a crescent decrescent. The human 
figure is riding on what appears to be a flying griffln. 
The crest is a dog (?). 

Perhaps the arms were suggested by Revelation, 
chap. XII. 
In Memory of Geoegb Hay Boyd, a native of 
Crimond, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, and Fourteen 
years Merchant in Colombo. Who died at Galle, 
21st November, 1838. Aged 42 Years. 

He left Colombo on November 15, 1838, by the 
Caroline, with Mrs. Boyd and family, his partner, 
Mr. George Ackland, and Dr.Dodsworth, intending to 
l^proceed to England, but he died on board the vessel 
in Galle harbour on the 21st. The Caroline left for 
the Cape on the 27th, taking Lieutenant Ostheyden, 
C.R.R., as a passenger for that place, and the Rev. 
Mr. TrimneU to England. Mrs. Boyd remained 
behind. She had a son at Colombo on January 
15, 1839. His only daughter Mary married at North 
Silver street, Aberdeen, September 12, 1861, Rev. 
Alexander Cumming. He belonged to the firm of 
Ackland & Boyd. 

His namesake, WilUam Boyd, gives the following 
account of him in the Ceylon Literary Register : — 

" He was a son of the Rev. William Boyd of Cri- 
mond, and a partner in the flrm of Ackland & Boyd 
of Calcutta and Colombo, represented in Ceylon now 
by Messrs. Darley, Butler & Co. The firm started in 
April, 1829, and suspended payment in the great coffee 
monetary crash of 1848. Mr. George Ackland was a 
merchant in Colombo as early as 1828, andMr. George 
Boyd must have been there as early as 1824. 

' ' At the time of Capt. Bird's happy venture in coffee 
planting, he saw at once that a new era was dawning 
on that country, and he lost no time in communi- 
cating his views to his kinsman and partner. Govern- 
ment land was then selling at five shillings per acre, 
and these three gentlemen immediately took measures 
to purchase large tracks of many thousand acres in 
all the most eligible districts in the interior. They 
bought Moorootie in the Four Korales ; Kondesalle, 
Salwattie, Galmadua Ugha Pettie, Pallikele, Degalle, 
and Dodangolle in the Doombra Valley. They 
bought the whole of theMadoolkelle, Oonangalle, and 
Kelebokka valleys ; as also Wellakanda and Pitta- 
kanda oh the HimasgLria range. They bought the 
Mooragaha and Goomera valleys on the Knuckles, 
besides large tracks of land in Saffragam, Hantane, 
and Hewahettiya." 

William Boyd describes him as "a tall, hand- 
some, reserved-looking man, with a cahn, dignified 
bearing." {Ibid, p. 389.) 

' ' Mr. George Bird planted the greater part of 
Kondesalle for the firm, whilst two young men, 
Messrs. Hudson and Stephens, better known as 
' Jerry ' and ' Stumps, ' began to clear Palhkelle 
lander his direction, and Mr. R. B. Tytler, who had 
some experience of coffee planting in Jamaica, was 
engaged to take charge of the estates already opened, 
and also those about to be opened for the firm in 
Ceylon. Shortly after his arrival at Galle Mr. George 
Boyd was thrown from his horse and died at Galle 
from the effects." 

As usual, William Boyd is romancing when he 
professes to give the cause of his death. George 
Boyd was a member of the first Legislative Council 
of Ceylon in 1834. He came out to Ceylon as 
Commander of an Indian trader, the Mary. 
Sacred to the memory of Mrs. Gertruida Petro- 
nella Gilbert, Widow of the Reverend Carl 
Frederick Schroter. Born on the 18th Novem- 
ber, 1774, and died on the 18th March, 1840. 



( 169 ) 



The Dutch Church, Galle—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


547 .. 


March 18 , 

1840 


. Gertruida Petronella Schroter— 

contd. 



Inscription, 
a daughter of Jan 



548 



Feb. ii 
1845 



Blanche Fredrika Cripps 



549 



Sept. 18 

1845 



Mary Ann Garstin 



550 



May 9 

1847 



John Henry Rabinel 



551 



May 18 
1849 



Anne Rabinel 



552 



Feb. 19 
1850 



Johanna Plantina Rabinel 



She was a daughter of Jan Jacob Gilbert of 
Gertruidenberg, boekhouder, by his marriage with 
Bernarda Susanna KJriekenbeek. Her brother. Jaco- 
bus Cornells, married Charlotta Thomasina Nagel, 
and had a son, Thomas Bernard, who married the 
widow of Lieutenant Burke, 2nd Ceylon Regiment, 
who was a Miss Bridgetina (Biddy) Prior, and married 
Lieutenant Burke on May 26, 1813. Thomas 
Bernard's eldest daughter, Victoria MoNaghten, 
married on December 28, at Galle, Ebenezer Gracie, 
eldest son of Rev. Robert Gracie, M.A. , of Hastings. 

The Rev. Carl Frederick Schroter was the son of 
Carl Fredrick Schroter of Hildesheim, Dissave of 
Jaffna, and Helena Cornelia Kriekenbeek. Dissave 
Carl Fredrick Schroter came out to the Indies in 1751 
in the ship Spandewaal, and died at Colombo in 1805. 

Sacred to the Memory of Blanche Fbbdbika Cbepps , 
who departed this life on the 22nd February, 1845. 
Aged 18 months. 

Her father, George Hinde Cripps, was in the Civil 
Service, 1822-32, and was Government Agent of 
the Southern Province from November 1, 1838, until 
his retirement on June 16, 1852. He died in 1869. 

George Hinde Cripps was married to Sarah 

Elizabeth , and had three other children born 

at Galle, viz., Laura Elizabeth (born 1837), Edward 
Montagu (born 1839), whose godfather was Raymond 
Cripps, George St. Vincent (bom in 1842). The 
godfather of Blanche Fredrika was Frederick Cripps. 

Sacred to the Memory of Mrs. Maey Ann Garstin, 
Wife of Lt.-Col. Gabstin of the Bengal Engineers, 
who departed this life on the 18th of Septr., 1845. 
Aged 27. 
' The Lord gave and the Lord hath taken away ; 
blessed be the name of the Lord." 

Whether Lieutenant-Colonel Garstin was related 
to the Ceylon Garstins (No. 108) I do not know, 
but it is probable. 

Sacred to the Memory of John Hbnky Rabinel , Esq. ^ 
of the Ceylon Civil Service, who died May 9t.h, 
1847. Aged 47 years. 

" Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." 

J. H. Rabinel, baptized at Matara, May 25, 1800, 
was a son of John David Rabinel (see No. 552), and 
was Police Magistrate of Galle at the time of his 
death. He had been District Judge of Tangalla, to 
which office he was appointed on August 1, 1844. In 
1846 he was charged by Mrs. Sirr, wife of the Deputy 
Queen's Advocate, who wrote a book about Ceylon, 
with having shaken his fist at her. 

Sacred to the Memory of Anne, Widow of John 
Henby Rabinel, Esq., of the Ceylon Civil Service, 
and eldest daughter of Edmond Larken, Esq., of 
Bedford Square, London. She died on the 18th 
of May, 1849. Aged 48 years. ■. 

" Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of His 
Saints." Ps. cxvi., ver. 15. 

They were married on May 6, 1846. She was, I 
think, his second wife. 

Sacred to the Memory of Johanna Plantina de 
MooB, Widow of John David Rabinel, Esq., of 
Point De Galle. She died on tho 19th of February, 
1850. Aged 73 years. 

" The Memory of the Just is blessed." 

She was a daughter of Pieter Arent de Moor, 
boekhouder, by Christina Gertruida van Coeverden, 
whom he married at Galle on August 16, 1767. 
He was the son of Arent Pietersz de Moor, Fiscaal of 
Galle, by his wife Agnita Maria Bierens. Arent 
Pietersz was a son of Lieutenant Pieter de Moor of 
The Hague by his wife Johanna Oberst. Johanna 
Plantina's elder sister. Aima Cecilia , married Captain 
Edward Graham. Bengal Artillery, of St. Andrews, 

82-09 



( 170 ) 



The Dutch Church, Galle — contd. 



Serial Ko. 


Date. 


Name. 


552 .. 


Feb. 19 


Johanna Plantina Rabinel — 




1850 


contd. 



553 



Nov. 12 
1852 



Henrietta Anne Vanderspar 



554 



Dec. 17 
1852 



Eliza Austin 



555 



Jan. 19 
1853 



Catherine Christoffelsz 



Inscription. 

Scotland. Another sister, Jolianna Maria, married 
(1) Friederich Wilhelm Heinrich Gossewyn, Baron 
von Marken, (2) Captain Lucas Aems on July 17, 
1796, and (3) Johan Godlieb Buttenmuller of Lud- 
wigsbuig, Lieutenant, W'urtemburg Regiment. John 
David Rabinel belonged to Middelbm'g, and for some 
time was a judge in the H.E.I.C.'s service 
at Malacca. He had two sons, John Henry and 
J. Marie. The latter became a sailor, and died in 
India. There were three daughters : one married 
Edward Sampson Waring, C.C.S., another G. S. 
Brook, and the third R. Brook. In 1823 Mrs. 
Rabinel sued M. J. Smyth, C.C.S., on a bond. 
(Ra?nanathan's Reports, 1820-33, p. 70.) 

Arms. — (Rabinel.) Party per pale, argent, a lion 
rampant (2) ermine, three leopards' heads. A chief 
party per pale (1) three stars (2) a leopard passant. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 273.) 

Sacred to the Memory of Heneietta Anne, Wife of 
Capt. Wm. C. Vandbrspae of the Ceylon Rifle 
Regiment, who died on the 12tli of November, 
1852. Aged 25. 

She was third daughter of E. S. Waring, C.C.S., 
and married Captain Vanderspar at Malale, August 
12, 1845. 

Here lie the Remains of Eliza, the beloved wife of 
Wm. AtrsTHsr, Esq. Died 17th December, 1852, 
aged 39 years. 

Ehza was the daughter of Thomas Garvin and 
Abigail Palm (born at Matara, November 12, 1790). 
Abigail Palna was first married to James Eckley. 
She was the daughter of Matthias Frederic Pahn of 
Batavia, Doctor of Laws, " geauthorizeerde te 
Matara." William Austin was the son of Nathaniel 
Austin (see No. 557). 

In Memory of Catherine Cheistofeblsz, tlie Beloved 
wife of Luke Philip Christoffelsz and the eldist 
daughter of Capt. John Morris, Commander of 
the Government Brig Hebe. She was born on the 
17th August, 1815, died at Colombo on the 19th 
January, 1853, leaving five sons and two 
daughters and many relations and friends to 
deplore her loss. This tablet is erected by her 
sorrowing Husband who mourns not without hope, 
for "Blessed are the dead wlio die in the Lord." 
Deu. xiv., 13. 

Luke Philip Christoffelsz (born 1811) was the son 
of Johannes Justinus Christoffelsz and Roemana 
Boekholst. 



5.56 



Jan. 21 
1853 



J\me 12 
1862 



George Winter 



Edward James Winter 



Sacred to the Memory of George Winter, Esq., of 
Baddagamma, near Galle, who departed this life 
21st January, 1853. Aged 55 years. 

Also of Edward Jajies Winter, second son of the 

above, who died at Galle, 12th June, 1862. Aged 

31 years. 
This tribute of affection is raised to the memory of 

those so dearly loved in life by those who are left 

to mourntheir loss. 
" The Lord gave and the Lord hath taken away, 

blessed be the name of the Lord." 

There is an inscription on the tomb of George 
Winter in the Churc-h of England cemetery ; also to 
his widow, Sarah, who died January 7, 1892. He 
was for a time editor of the Colombo Observer. 

He wa.s in IX'l'.i supercargo of the ship 
Clarke, Master, which arrived at Colombo 
and went on to Calcutta, returning to Colq 
December. 

Clarke and Winter were . partners, and 
bankruijt in February, 1825. Winter then 
Messrs. jMuskett and Young in partnershi 
became head of the firm in November, 1821 




( 171 



The Dutch Church, Gsille—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


556 .. 


Jan. 21 




1853, &c, 



Name. 

George Winter, &c.—contd. 



Inscription, 
firm of George Winter & Co. was dissolved, May 15,. 
1828, and the business carried on by J. E. Young. 

In 1834, with George Rivers and Nicholas Bergman, 
the printers, he was tried before the Supreme Court 
for a libel on Thomas Os*in, Superintendent of 
Police, Colombo, whom, he had charged with gross 
negligence and misconduct for having refused a 
warrant of arrest against Rivers' servant, but 
acquitted. Mr. Justice Rough, Senior Puisne Justice, 
presided. 

He was the pioneer of sugar cultivation and of 
other enterprises in Ceylon. " He and his descendants 
managed to make sugar cultivation pay on a small 
scale on the banks of the Gindura river at Baddegama, 
near Galle. So long as the great mail companies 
made the latter port their headquarters, there was 
always a steady and fauiy profitable demand for 
raw sugar for the supply of the ships which brought 
coal for the steamers." (A. M. Ferguson in Ceylon 
Literary Register. Vol. II., p. 15.) George Winter 
married Sarah Cressy. Their eldest son was George 
Walter Winter. His eldest daughter, Sarah Aim, 
married in April, 1844, at St. Brelades Church, 
Jersey, Joseph Deslandes, junior, Swedish and Nor- 
wegian Consul for this Island. Another daughter 
married Robert Charles Roosmalecocq. 

The following of his children were baptized in the 
Church of England, Galle, viz. , Edward James (1830), 
William Sextus (April 4, 1836). Lydia Septima (April 
4, 1836), Alfred Octavius (September 26, 1836), Ellen 
Nora (April 12. 1838), and Harriet Decima (July 14, 
1839). LydiaSeptima Winter married at Baddegama, 
January 6, 1858, Haverstock Hodsell Bowman. 
Harriet Decima, who died at the Queen's Jubilee Hos- 
pital, Earl's Court, August 4, 1906, was the wife of 
William Elphinstcne Underwood. 



557 



June 7 
1853 



Nathaniel Austin 



558 



April 6 
1853 



Mary Cecilia Twynam 



Here He the Eemains of Nathaniel Austin, Sr. , Esq. , 
for 31 Years Depty. Asst. Commissary of Galle. 
Died 7th June, 1853. Aged 68 years. 

He was Quarterinaster of the 3rd Ceylon Regiment, 
and married Sophia Frederica, daughter of Frederick 
Willem Calesky of Grandzee (Brandenburg), Ser- 
geant of the Wm'tembiu-g Regiment, by Eliza Rodrigo, 
his wife. A son, Nathaniel, died at Galle, January 7, 
1855. He married at St. Paul's, Colombo, November 
14, 1831, Elizabeth Hogg, daughter of Lieutenant 
Hogg, C.R.R. , and they were the parents of Nathaniel 
James Austin, the Proctor, ancl editor of the taw 
reports known as Austin's^ Reports. Another son, 
WiUiam, married January 2. 1832, Ehza Garvin, and 
left mmaerous descendants at present settled in Galle. 

Bennett describes an experiment in the hatching 
of Hawk's bill turtles carried out by " a Portuguese 
lady at Point de Galle, the wife of an officer of the 
late 3rd Ceylon Regiment (Nicholas [sic) Austin, 
Esquire, of the Colonial staff) " (p. 275). 

In memory of Mary Cecilia Twynam, Wife of 
Thomas H. Twynam, Esq., Master Attendant of 
Pt. De GaUe. 

This Tablet is erected by many Officers of the 
Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Com- 
pany, who desire by it to record the feelings of 
gratitude and esteem which mingle with their 
sorrow for her loss. Her hospitahty to them when 
in health knew no bounds, and to her motherly 
kindness many of them have been indebted for the 
alleviation of their sufferings when in sickness. 
They feel that in her they have lost a sincere 
friend and kind comforter in the hour of trouble. 
Died on the 6th day of April, 1853, in her 56th 
year. 

Also an inscription on her tomb in All Saints' 
Cemetery. 

She was a daughter of Major Thomas Summerfield 
of the 83rd and widow of l^ieutenant Hawkins, R.N., 
who lost his life in the West Indies in trying to save 



( 172 ) 
The Dutch Church, Galle—contd. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

558 . . April 6 . . Mary Cecilia Twynam — contd. a man who had fallen overboard. She came out to 

1853 Ceylon with her two children in a man-of-war, and one. 

of the midshipmen on board was P. A. Dyke, then a 
little boy, who used to come to Mrs. Hawkins in his 
troubles with the other middies. One of the sons 
entered the Royal Engineers and became Sir John 
Hawkins, K.C.M.G. He served for some time in 
Ceylon, and afterwards in Tasmania and Ireland, and 
received his decoration for his services on the Bound- 
ary Commission. Mrs. Hawkins married Captain 
Tluomas HoUoway Twynam at Trincomalee on 
July 8, 1823. He was in command of H. M. 
schooner Cochin, which was at Galle on January 15, 
1821, succeeded Edward Killwick as Master Attend- 
ant, Trincomalee, in 1822, and Francis Dickson as 
Master Attendant, Galle, in 1825. Major Summer- 
field's fourth daughter, Letitia, married Captain 
Hilton, Commanding Ceylon Light Dragoons, on 
December 12, 1821, at Colombo; another, Alexander 
(sic) Jessie, married at Colombo, March 18, 1824, 
Captain WiUiam Cuthbert Ward, R.E., afterwards 
General Ward ; another, Margaret James Knowles, 
married Captain Peter Crofton, 1st Ceylon Regiment 
(from whom Sir tWUliani Twynam got his second 
name), on April 27, 1823, at Trincomalee; and a 
fifth, Lieutenant-Colonel Geddes, 83rd Regiment (see 
No. 10). 

Major Summerfleld had served through the Penin- 
sula war, like most of the officers and men of the 
83rd. He died at Limerick in 1832 or 1833, after 
the return of the regiment. There is a tablet in a 
Limerick church to his memory. He was a stern old 
soldier and a strict disciplinarian. Mrs. Twynam 
was devoted to him, and was in the Peninsula in the 
camp when he was fighting in the front. 

Thomas HoUoway was son of John Twynam of 
Whitchurch Manor, bom 1760, died 1825, by liis 
wife Elizabeth Talmadge. .John Twynam was at the 
bombardment of Copenhagen in the Glattim, under 
the Crown batteries, and gave an account of it to Sir 
William Twynam and his brother. The Twynam 
family settled in Hampshire circa 1560. It is 
descended from Sir Robert Twynam, who was an 
Admiral in the time of Richard I. He married (2) 
Mary, daughter of the Ven. T. J. Twisleton and 
widow of WUham Gisbome, C.C.S., who died in 1839. 
She died December 17, 1873. T. H. Twynam, by his 
first wife, was the father of Sir William Crofton 
Twynam, K.C.M.G., -CCS. (retired). 

559 . . July 2 . . Susanna Francina de Breard Sacred to the memory of Susanna Feancina, 

1854 Daughter of the late Johanne.s Thbodositts 

Rudolph, Esq., Widow of Mabib Joseph 
Benjamin de Beeaed, Esquire, of Rochefort, 
France, who died on the 2nd of July, 1854. 
Aged 84. 

She was the daughter of Johannes Theodosius 
Rudolph of Wyenzee and Gertruida Wolff of 
Colombo. 

Marie Joseph Benjamin de Breard was the sixth 
son of Nicolas Marcellin de Breard and Marie de 
Gourville. He was a Captain in the De Meuron 
Regiment. 

560 . . Nov. 8 . . William Henry Trant . . Sacred to the memory of William Heney Teant, 

1^^^ Esq., Deputy Storekeeper, Ordnance Dept., who 

died on the 8th of Xovr., 1855, aged 47, 
Cast down but not destroy'd. II. Cor. iv., ver. 9. 

He died at Colpetty, Colombo, and is buried in 
t/he Galle Face Cemetery, where there is a tombstone. 
He was stationed at Galle horn 1831. He married 
in Galle, July 30, 1835, Susan Margaret Giesler, the 
daughter of Lieutenant Gerard Godfried Archibald 
Giesler, 2nd Ceylon Regiment, and Dorothea Sophia 
Susanna de Breard, and the granddaughter of Albert 
Henry Giesler of Lisbon, a boekhouder in the Dutch 
service, and Susanna Gertruida Staats. 

He was a witness in tlie Walbeoff trial. 



( 173 ) 



The Dutch Church, GaWe—contd. 



Serial No. 
561 . 



Date. 

March 31 

1857 



Name. 

John Joachim Vanderspar 



562 



July 30 

1857 



George Bagenall 



563 



March 17 
1858 



Jemima Logan 



Inscription. 
Sacred to the Memory of John Joachim Vandee- 
SPAE, Esq., Justice of the Peace, Consul in Ceylon 
for H. M. the King of the Netherlands, who died 
at Galle on the 31st March, 1857. Aged 61. 

Fear not : for I am with thee : I will bring thy seed 
from the East and gather thee from the West, I 
will say to the North, give up, and to the South, 
keep not back, bring my sons from far, and my 
daughters from the ends of the earth. — Isaiah 
XLIII., 5, 6. 

The same inscription is on his tomb in the Dutch 
cemetery, where three infant sons — William Louis, 
died December 27, 1825 ; Charles Benjamin, died 
January 27, 1837 ; and Harold de Breard, died 
September 19, 1840 — are buried. 

He was the son of Mattheus Vanderspar, Ad- 
ministrateur, GaUe, by his second wife Johanna 
Gertruida Fybrandsz, the daughter of the Rev. 
Johan Joachim Fybrandsz and Catharina Ehzabeth 
Dormieux. He married at Colombo, June 1, 1818, 
Dorothea Sophia Susanna de Breard, the daughter 
of Marie Joseph Benjamin de Breard of Rochefort 
and widow of Lieutenant G. Giesler. 

J. J. Vanderspar was left an orphan in 1806 at the 
age of 11, under the guardianship of Jacques David 
d'Estandau, who had married his haK-sister Johanna 
Arnoldina de Bordes. " Out of a large patrimony, 
to which he should have siicceeded on coming of 
age, but a trifle it appears actually came to him. It 
was therefore under great hardship and by dint of 
untiring energy that he gradually amassed the wealth 
and built up the fortune which he left to his sons 
and daughters." {Ceylon Literary Register, vol. III., 
p. 399.) 

Susanna Francina Rudolph (wife of Marie Benjamin 
de Breard) was one of the thirteen children of Jan 
Theodosius Rudolph of Wyenzee, who married in 1760 
Gertruida Wolf. 

In memory of George Bagenall, Lieut. H. M. 37th 
(North Hampshire) Regt., who fell in action near 
Arrah, Bengal, 30 July, 1857, aged 20 years. 

This tablet has been erected by his comrades left in 
garrison at Galle and other sincere friends as a 
tribute of their esteem and affectionate regard. 

Yotmgest son of Captain J. D. Bagenall (see No. 
128). He joined the 37th as an Ensign on July 21, 
1854. 

George Bagenall was a subaltern of the company 
of the 37th Regiment stationed at Galle, which was 
commanded by Captain H. P. Harrison, who married 
Miss Fanny Twynam, a sister of Sir WUham Twjmam. 
This company formed part of the wing of the regiment 
sent to Calcutta by Governor Sir Henry Ward when 
the mutiny broke out. Captain Harrison took his 
company with young Bagenall as one of his subalterns , 
as part of the detachment sent to the relief of Arrah. 
It fell into an ambush in the night, in which many men 
were shot down in the dark. Captain Harrison and 
Ensign Bagenall managed to reach the river, and 
were swimming to the boat when Harrison was shot 
through the arm, but managed to reach the boat. 
Bagenall was also shot and went down in the river. 
Sir William Twynam says : "I saw the GaUe company 
in 1856, and a finer body of men you could not wish 
to see — fine well-set-up men. The advance from the 
boats in the dark night was opposed by Harrison and 
other officers, who advised waiting for daylight, but 
the Commanding Officer was obdurate, and hence the 
terrible disaster." 

Sacred to the memory of Jeivitma, the wife of James 
M. LoGAiif, Esquire, of GaUe, and daughter of the 
late Stephen Claek Noeeis, Esquire, of London, 
who died on the 17th March, 1858,- in the Slst 
year of her age. 



( 174 ) 



The Dutch Church, Galle—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


563 .. 


March 17 . 
1858 


. Jemima Logan — contd. 



Inscription. 

Also an inscription identical with this on her tomb 
in the Church of England cemetery at GaUe. 

Jemima was the second daughter of Stephen Clark 
Norris. She married James Murray McGregor Logan 
at Galle, on October 21, 1857. 

J. M. Logan was manager of the branch of the O.B.C. 
at Galle. 



564 



Aug. 28 
1858 

Nov. 3 
1858 



Robert Balkhuysen 
Boyle Balkhuysen 



In memory of Robeet Balkhuysen, late Medical 
Assistant, who died at Hambantota on the 28th 
August, 1858, in the 39th year of his age. And 
his brother Boyle Balkhttysen, late a student, 
Medical CoUege, Calcutta, where he died on the 
3rd November, 1858, in the 20th year of his age. 

This tablet is erected by their afflicted friends in 
token of their esteem and affection. 



565 



March 12 
1861 



William Charles Vanderspar 



Sacred to the Memory of William Chables Vander- 
spar, Major, Ceylon Rifle Regiment, who died at 
Galle on the 12th of March, 1861, aged 39 years. 

" In the midst of life we are in death." 



He joined the Rifles as 2nd Lieutenant, October 9, 
1842, and was gazetted Captain and Brevet-Major, 
September 28, 1847. 

He was a son of J. J. Vanderspar (No. 561). 
His first wife died at Galle (see Na. 553), and he 
married (2), while Commandant at Galle, on Novem- 
ber 9, 1859, Georgiana Margaret, youngest daughter 
of J. Avarne, Esq., R.N., at Galle. A daughter by 
his first wife married Luke Kelly (see No. 146). 



566 



March 16 
1868 



Henrietta Sophia Vanderspar 



567 



June 12 
1903 



Peter Daniel Anthonisz 



Sacred to the Memory of Henrietta Sophia, eldest 
daughter of the late Major Vanderspar, Ceylon 
Rifle Regiment, who died at Galle on the 16th of 
March, 1868, aged 21 Years. 

" Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." 

Rev., xiv. chap., 13 ver. 

Mourn not the dead, 'tis they alone 
Who are the peaceful and the free. 

The purest oHve branch is known 
To twine about the cypress tree. 

In piam oeternamque memoriam viri doctrina 
benignitate amore in patriam insignis Petri 
Danielis Anthonisz. Medicinse doctoris necnon 
illustrissime ordinis sanctorum MichseHs et Georgii 
socii, qui natus XXV. Junii, MDCCCXXII., sevi 
spatium finivit XII. Junii, MCMIII. 

A hatchment. 

There is an inscription on his tomb at the Dutch 
burial ground, Galle (see No. 645). 

The hatchment is of wood, painted in colours and 
gilded. It is nearly 10 feet in height. The prevailing 
colour is a light stone, relieved in parts by brown or 
chocolate. The upper part contains the emblem of 
medical science, a snake entwined on a cross. It is 
borne on a shield of light blue supported on either 
side by ecclesiastical figures carved in high relief, and 
painted flesh tint, with wings of gold. The figures 
rest on white flags tipped with gold ; each one has a 
branch of pahn leaves, while the one on the right is 
shown blowing a trumpet, and that on the left dis- 
playing a garland. The lower portion of the tablet 
is taken up with a slab bearing the epitaph. Over 
this hangs a heraldic hatchment beariag the family 
arms of the deceased emblazoned in gold and colours, 
from which the Star of the Order of St. Michael and 
St. George is suspended. The inscription is of gold 
on a dark ground. 



( 175 ) 



Dutch Cemetery, Galle. 

" The Dutch kerkhof is outside the Port, and bears the comparatively recent date 1786 and the words 
Memento Mori on the quaint lychgate. It was opened when for sanitary and other reasons it was thought 
proper to close the old cemetery within the Fort, which stood where the Municipal markets now stand, and bore 
on a stone slab over its gateway the date 1710. The larger number of the epitaphs found here are in EngUsh, but 
a few Dutch stones are to be seen mth one or two armorial escutcheons." (F. H. de Vos in Ceylon Literary 
iJegrisier, vol. II., p. 356.) 

The burial ground is crowded mth vaults and tombs of the later Dutch fashion, the former almost on the 
surface of the ground, and the latter large and tasteless structures ornamented with masonry imitations of coffins 
on the top, sloping down to the foot ; and Bennett, writing in the first quarter of last century, has some strong 
remarks upon the proximity of the burial ground to the high road : "A very great nuisance, for during the 
prevalence of the south-west monsoon the pestiferous stench that is diffused by the abominable custom of allowing 
coffins to be laid one over the other in the tombs, and considerably above the surface, is indescribable." 
(Bennett, p. 357.) 



Serial No. 
568 . 



Date. 
Aug. 18 
1789 



Name. 

Adrianus Cornelius Lever. 



Inscription. 
Hier rust den Edele gestrenge Heer Adbiantjs 
CoENELiusLBVEBin zyu leven Major en Command- 
ant der Militie te Gale, gebooren te Breda in den 
jaare 1746 den 2 November. Overleeden den 18 
Augustus Anno 1789 in denouderdom van 42 
jaar 9 maand en 16 daagen. 

(Journal, R. A.S.,C.B.,vol. XV., p. 271 ; vol. XVII., 
p. 31.) 

Arms. — Dexter shield (Lever) : already blazoned 
(see No. 396). 

Sinister shield (Oostdyk): or, an anchor renverse 
sable between two escallops of the second. 

JC/. Cotton, "Indian Monumental Inscriptions," 
p.' 37.) 

Adriaan ' Cornelis Lever married, April 1, 1770, 
Susanna Isabella Oostdyk and predeceased her. She 
afterwards married at Galle, December 13, 1789, 
Isaac de Miron du Rocliat of Neuchatel, a Captain 
in the Meuron Regiment stationed at Galle, and, after 
his death, J. G. Gr adman. She was the daughter of 
Adriaan Oostdyk of Zierikzee, Superintendent of the 
Galle Corle, and Maria Byl. 



569 . . May 21 . . Fredrick Christiaan von 
1791 Mullertsz 



Hier onder legd begraven het lyk van den Heer 
Feedeick Cheistiaan von MtTLLEETZ, gebooren 
te Kolding in Judland den 7 JanuaTy 1753 in 
leeven Lieutenant en Commandant te Crangeanoor, 
overleeden op de 21 Mayl791 ter stede Gale in den 
ouderdom van 38 jaaren vier maenden en ses 
daagen. 

Nog rust hy hier naarby het lyk van zyn Edele beide 
kinderen. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 269; vol. XVIL. p. 30.) 

Fredrick Christiaan voii Mullertsz was married to 
Anna Gertruida Elizabeth Medeler, the daughter of 
Major .Jan Hendrik Medeler and Gertruida Augustin. 

A daughter of Fredrick Christiaan von Mullertsz, 
Petronella Charlotta Gertruida, was married, JuIjj^ 22, 
1804, to Adriaan Hendrik Ebell. Another daughter, 
Gertruida Elizabeth, married Lieutenant Charles von 
Drieberg, 1810. * 



570 



Oct. 4 
1791 



Jean Chevret 



Hier rust het lyk van wylen den Weledele Manhafte 
Heer Jean Cheveet, Capitein Commandant der 
Artillerie alhier. Geboren te Parys den 25 
December en overleden den 4 October 1791 in den 
ouderdom van 57 jaren 9 maanden en 10 dagen. 
{Ibid.,vo]. XV., p. 271.) 



571 



Nov. 9 
1795 



Wiliam Kirton 



Here repose the body of Capityn Wiliam Kieton, 
late Commander of the Hon'ble English Company's 
snow Elizabeth. Deceased the 9th day of 
November, 1795. Aged 42 years. 

The engraving was probably done by a Dutch 
stone-cutter who knew little or no English. The 
word before " Ehzabeth " appears to be "snow," 
which was a term a^jplied in the 18th and early 19th 
centuries to ships of a certain kind. 



( 176 ) 



Serial No. 


Date. 


572 .. 


July 30 




1804 



Dutch Cemetery, Galle—contd. 

Name. 

Frederic Conrad Worsley . . F. C. Woesley. 

months. 



573 



Sept. 16 
1804 



Carl Christiaan Conradi 



574 



Nov. 24 
1804 



Barend Nicholas Degen 



575 



May 9 
1805 



Lucas Aems 



576 



1805 



Thomas Sansony 



Inscription. 
Died 30th. July, 1804, aged 4 



577 



Aug. 19 
1806 



Petronella Henrietta Smitz 



Son of Captain Edward Worsley, R.A. , and Mary, 
his wife, baptized June 28, 1804. They arrived by 
the Windham, which brought the first detachment of 
Royal Artillery to Ceylon in June, 1803. Captain 
Worsley was appointed Commandant of Matara in 
September. 1805. 

Hier rust Gael Christiaan Conradi geb den 18 
Maart 1802, en overladen 16 Sept., 1804, Kleinzoon 
van Diet. Thom. Feetz. 

(Joui-nal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 268.) 
Diedi'ich Thomas Fretz of St. Goar, Hesse Nassau, 
was the last Commandeur of Galle. By his second 
wife, Gertrmda Henrietta Bartels of Tuticorin,he had 
a daughter, Maria Sophia, who married Carl August 
Conradi. These were the parents of Carl Christiaan. 

Sacred to the memory of Baebnd Nicholas Degen, 
who expired on the 24th of November, 1804, aged 
49 years 3 months and 7 days. 

I see the Lord of Glory come 

And flaming guards around 
The skies divide to make Him room 

The trumpet shakes the ground 
I hear the voice " Ye dead arise " 

And so the graves obey 
And waking saints with jayful eyes 

Salute the expected day 
Why should our moxxrning thoughts delight 

To grovel in the dust 
Or why should streams of tears unite 

Around the expiring just ? 

He was "assistent " at Galle, March 7, 1784, when 
he married Elizabeth Magdalena de Haan, widow of 
Abraham Walles , boekhouder. He was no doubt a son 
of Johan Jacobus Degen and Theodora Molenhouwer. 

Hier rusten de waerdige overblyfsels eens brave mans 
LtrCAS Aems in leeven Capt. der Zee in dienst van 
het Nederl. Indiasch. bewind en equipagie meester 
deser plaetze. Grebooren te Amsterdam den 25 Mel, 
overleeden den 9 Mai 1805. 

{Tbid., vol. XT., p. 273 ; vol. XVIL, p. 31.) 
A perpendicular granite slab "ornamented " with a 
death's head. 

Lucas Aems married, July 17, 1796, Justina Maria 
de Moor, widow of Baron von Marken. She was a 
daughter of Pieter Arent de Moor and Christina 
Gertruida van Coeverden (see No. 552). 

D. O. M. Thomae Sansony fiUo amatissimo parentes 
moetissimi. H.P.M., A.D. MDCCCV. 

D. O. M. = Deo Optimo maximo. 

H. P. M. = Hie or hoc posuerunt monumentum or 
mortuum,. 

The inscription is almost illegible. 

Thomas Sansony or Sansoni was the fourth son of 
Joseph Sansoni, senior. 

Sacred to the memory of Mrs. Petronella 

Henrietta Smitz, who departed this life in the 

25th Year 3 months and 9 days of her age on the 

19th of August, 1806. To commemorate her 

amiable virtues as an affectionate and fond wife 

and tender mother, a warm and steady friend, her 

disconsolate husband hath ca.used this tablet to 

be placed over hel' ever to be revered remains. 

Conjugum optima mulierum amantissima vale. 

(Found fallen into the vault to which it belonged.) 

A grim vault surmounted by a brickwork imitation 

of a coffin, in accordance with the fashion of the time. 

She was the second wife of Joseph Smitz, and was 

a daughter of Henricus Vollenhoven of Utrecht. 

Joseph Smitz of Dusseldorp was Agent of Revenue at 



( 177 ) 



Dutch Cemetery, Galle — contd. 



rial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


577 .. 


Aug. 19 . 


. Petronella Henrietta Smitz 




1806 


— contd. 



578 



March 24 
1810 



James Townsend Harding 



579 



Feb. 18 
1811 

Sept. 13 
1816 



Dorothea Petronella de Ly . 
Dorothea Agatha Loekyer 



580 



Oct. 15 
1811 



Johanna Gertrude Vander- 
spaar 



2b 



Inscription. 
Galle, 1801-3 ; Acting ditto at Batbicaloa , August 29, 
1803, where he led a most successful expedition 
against the Kandyans (see Cordiner). He left 
Batticnloa about 1805, and went to Hambartota as 
Agent for Salt, which appointment he held until his 
death on June 27, 1812. He had been in the 
employment of the Dutch and English Governments 
in the Island for upwards of 25 years. His first wife 
was Maria Christina Haas, whom he married at 
Colombo on September 12, 1790 ; and he married a 
third wife on December 3, 1809, viz., Caroline 
Elizabeth Niesing Francke of Tuticorin, who after 
his death married an Englishman named Read. 

His eldest daughter, Dorothea Carolina, married at 
Galle, on November 3, 1812, Assistant Surgeon Hugh 
Rose, of the 3rd Ceylon Regiment, who died at 
Trincomalee a little more than 18 months afterwards. 
Another daughter, Editha Petronella Elizabeth, 
married at Galle, on July 19, 1820, Andreas Cornelius 
de Vos, a grand-imcle of Mr. F. H. de Vos. 

The body of James Townsend Harding, aged 15 
years, lies buried here. He was unfortunately 
drowned on the 24th March, 1810, to the great 
regret of his master, Lieut. Sweedland, R.N., who 
for his faithful services raises this monument to 
his memory. 

A circular slab. ' ' There is no raised monument to 
be seen : if such there was, it has fallen and mixed 
with the dust, as probably has been the case with 
manv." (Article in the Ceylon Review, May-July, 
1895") 

Ter zaliger gedachtenis van Mejuff. Dorothea 
Petronella van dee Spar, huysvrouw van den 
Heer A. E. de Ly, geb. den 12 May, 1764, engest 
den 18 February, 1811, en Mejuff. Dorothea 
Agatha de Ly, huysvrouw van Capt. Edmd. 
LocKYEE, geb. den 21 January, 1790, en gest. den 
13 September, 1816. 

Hier verwagten zy de opstandinge der dooden en 
zalig zyn zy die in den Heeren stervern. 

Dorothea Petronella van der Spar was the daughter 
of Matheusvan der Spar, Administrateur, Galle, and 
Dorothea Cornelia van Dam, his first wife. 

Andreas Everardus de Ly was the son of Arnoldus 
deLy of Bergen-op-Zoom, Commandeur of Galle, and 
Maria Cornelia Sohuttrup. He studied at Harder- 
wyk in 1776. His eldest daughter, Arnoldina 
Joharma, was the wife of George Laughton of 
London, Customs Master, GaUe. His second 
daughter was Dorothea Agatha, who was married (1) 
to Captain John William Young, and (2) to Captain 
Edmund Loekyer, 19th Regiment, on August 12, 
1806. Captain Loekyer married (2) Sarah, second 
daughter of John Morris, Esq., of Pljrmouth, on 
• October 6, 1816, *.e., in less than a month after the 
death of his first wife, which seems extraordinary, 
but is true, for on December 19, 1813, Mrs. Dorothy 
Loekyer arrived from England by the Monarch 
transport with two children, and on December 19, 

1817, Captain and Mrs. Loekyer arrived at Colombo 
by the Ajax with three children, Mrs. Loekyer 
having had one on the voyage out from England. 

Andreas Everardus de Ly married (2) at Galle, 

1818, EKsabeth Theresia HoUebeek. 

Sacred to the memory of Johanna Gertrude, 
daughter of the late Revd. J. J. Fybrandsz, 
Widow of Matthew Vandeespaar, Esqre. , Senior 
Merchant of the Dutch Bast India Company 
Service, who died on the 15th October, 1811,^ 
aged 55 years. 

Joan Joachim Fybrandsz, baptized at Colombo, 
March 5, 1724, was the son of Joan Fybrandsz and. 
Anna de Silva (d' Almeida). He was married to 
Catharina Elizabeth Donnieux. Johanna Gertrude, 
their daughter, married (1), February 17, 1771, 
Jacobus de Bordes of Amsterdam, and (2), July 29, 
1781, Matthew Vanderspaar. 

82-09 



( 178 ) 



Duteh Cemetery, GaMe—contd. 



Serial No. 
580 . 



Date. 

Oct. 15 

1811 



Name. 

Johanna Gertrude Vander- 
spaar — contd. 



581 



Oct. 23 
1811 



Johanna Elizabeth Fretz . . 



582 



583 



July 30 
1813 



June 17 
1814 



Anthony R. O'Donnell 



George B. More 



584 



June 20 
18)5 



Johanna Gerrardina de Vos 



585 .. 

586 .. 



587 ., 



Oct. 24 
1815 

May 28 
1817 



Sept. 27 
1818 



George Aldons 



John Cassidy 



Ralph CoxoD 



Inscription. 

The Rev, J. J. Fybrandsz was sent to be educated 
at the Dutch Company's expense at the University of 
Leyden. 

' ' Biographisch Woordenboek van Oost-Indische 
Predikanten (C. A. L. van T. de Bruyn)," p. 140. De 
Hervormde Kerk in " Ned. Oost-Indie (de Bruyn)," 
p. 618. 

Ter gedachtenisse van wylen Mejuf Johanna 
Elizabeth d'Estandau gehuwd geweest aan den 
Heer Dieterich Cornelius Fretz. Geboren te 
Gale 18 Augustus, 1789, overleeden den 23 October, 
1811, in den ouderdom van 22 jaaren 2 maanden 
en 10 dagen. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 270.) 
Johanna Ehzabeth d'Estandau was the daughter 
of Jean Jacques David d'Estandau of Rynsberg and 
Johanna Amoldina Ehsabeth de Bordes. Dieterich 
Cornelius Fretz, bom at Matara, May 6, 1787, was 
the son of Dieterich Thomas Fretz, Commandeur of 
Galle, and Cornelia Reyneira van Sanden of Jaffna. 
He married (2) Sophia Adriana van Schuler, and (3) 
Johanna Gertruida WUhelmina Mottau. 

Johanna Elizabeth d'Estandau married D. C. Fretz, 
October 19, 1808. 

Lieut. A. R. O'Donnell, of His Majesty's First 
Ceylon Regiment, died 30th July, 1813, aged 27 
years. 

Lieutenant O'Donnell joined the 1st Ceylon as a 
2nd Lieutenant, July 19, 1810. 

Lieut. G. B. More, of His Majesty's First Ceylon 
Regiment, who died 17th of June, 1814, aged 33 
years. 

A stone, over which the pathway runs, and which 
is therefore covered with sand. 

He joined in 1811. The register of the Dutch 
Church records the burial on June 20 of " the English 
Lieutenant More," which looks as if he haA died 
at an outstation. 

Hier legt mejuff Johanna Gerraedina Krygek 
huisvrouw van den Heer Johannes Andreas de 
Vos. Overleeden den 20 Juny 1815 in den onder- 
dom van 43 jaren 9 maenden en 15 dagen. Zy 
verwagt nu de zalige opstanding van den dood. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 272.) 

Johanna Gerrardina Kryger was born at Tuticorin , 
being the daughter of Comehs Kryger and Maria 
Ehsabeth Broeckman. 

Johannes Andrias de Vos was the son of Pieter de 
Vos , onderkoopman , and Magdalena Meyer , and great- 
grandson of the original settler Oliver de Vos of 
Bruges (Belgium). 

Hier Onder Rust George Aldons Geboren Den 4 
Juny 1813 en overleden Den 24 October 1815. 

Sacred to the memory of John Cassidx, Esq., 
Surgeon of H. M.'s 1st Ceylon Regiment, departed 
this life on the 28 Maj , 1817, aged 27 years. 

He was appointed Surgeon, 1st Ceylon Regiment, 
on November 1, 1816, from the late 4th Ceylon, 
'vice White retired on half pay. 

Sacred to the memory of Major R. CoxoN of 1st 
Ceylon Regt., who died at Aliput in the Kandian 
Provinces, on the 27th September, 1818, aged 41 
years. 

"An erection six feet high composed of polished 
granite slabs. There are four walls and a roof sloping 
in the four directions." Possibly this is only a 
cenotaph. . 

He arrived with Assistant Surgeon McNulty — also 
destined to a very short career in the Island, for he 
was Idlled in the Uva rebellion — by the Prince Regent 
transport in May, 1816. On June 21 they both 
went from Trinoomalee to Colombo in the Kandyan. 



( 179 ) 



Serial No. 
587 . 



Date. 

Sept. 27 
1818 



Dutch Cemetery, Galle 

Name. 

Ralph Coxon — contd. 



-contd. 



588 



Apnll2 
1819 



Charles H. Hay Fane 



589 



Aug. 28 
1819 



Robert NichoUs 



590 



Nov. 15 
1819 



Donald MeBean 



Inscription. 
There is no entry of burial, though the register 
goes back further than 1818. One wonders how the 
body was removed from AUput to Galle, if it was 
removed. Captain Coxon was appointed A.D.C. to 
the Governor Sir Thomas Maitland on December 3, 
1810; Major of Brigade on October 3, 1811; Assist- 
ant Quartermaster-General and attached to the 4th 
Division of the army proceeding to Kandy January 20, 
1815. On the (Outbreak of the Uva rebellion he 
was jDut in command of Alupota, and he had some 
fighting in the jungle near there on Januarj^ 23, 1818. 
His work there is described in the obituary notice 
which appeared in the Gazette : — 

" In our last paper we mentioned with regxet that 
Major Coxon was so much out of order as that it was 
judged necessary for him to go tb the Sea Coast, but 
in fact he had been long ill, and ought many weeks 
ago to have removed from Alipoot to a better climate, 
if zeal for the public service had not quite overpower- 
ed in his mind every consideration for his own safety. 
He had begun and carried on with singular ability the 
difficult work of pacifying and conciliating the people 
of that part of Ouva, and his ardent desire to complete 
his object led him, in spite of several warnings 
of severe illness, to neglect his own life. Amongst 
all the officers who had distinguished themselves 
in this varied and difficult warfare, Major Coxon set 
the example of treating the Kandyans with that 
happy mixture of firmness and levity which secured 
a punctual obedience without diminishing their 
friendly disposition ; he possessed a thorough know- 
ledge of the native character, and he availed himself 
of it with so much temper and skill as to gain their 
confidence and attach them to his person ; he found 
the people around him all hostile : he prevailed upon 
them to abandon their jungles, build huts, and live 
under their protection, and he was the first who made 
advantageous use of the rebels whom he reclaimed 
by persuading them to labour for a moderate hire in 
clearing the roads, cutting down the jungle, and other 
important works. Major Coxon by continuing, 
debilitated as he was from long severe illness in the 
unwholesome climate of Alipoot, exposed his life to 
as much risk as he who faced the cannon or stood 
the charge at Waterloo, with the prospect before him 
of a far less glorious death. Were the Kandyan war 
to continue, his loss would be severely felt, and a 
generous public will not the less regret his death 
because his eminent services have contributed to a 
final success which wiU preclude the demand for such 
meritorious exertions." {Gazette, October 3, 1818.) 

Mrs. Coxon left for England by the Vittoria oh 
January 1, 1819, with the Misses Cleather. 

Sacred to the memory of Lieut. Oh. H. Hay Fane, 
H. M. 73 Reg. , who was suddenly carried off by spas- 
modic cholera, 12th April, A.D. 1819, Aet. 31 Ann. 
Hie disconsolate widow raised this monument as 
a memorial of the irreconcilable loss herself and 
infant son have sustained. 

This tombstone was found in November, 1910, 
after it had been buried for years. 

Sacred to the memory of Robt. Nicholls, Esqre., 
late Paymaster of the H. M. XIX. Regiment. 
Died 28th August, 1819, aged 69 years. 

He was appointed Paymaster on April 14, 1803, 
and had served in the 19th Regiment " upwards of 
16 years, and by amiable and affable virtues had 
endeared himself to the Colony at large, but only 
those who were intimately acquainted with him could 
know his worth." [Gazette, September 4, 1819.) 

Sacred to the memory of Donald McBean, Lieut.- 
Col. 19th Regt. of Inf., Ob. 15th November, 
1819. ^tat Ann. 64. Who had during 42 years 
nobly borne the Commissions conferred on him 
by our Gracious Sovereign Geoege the 3rd, 
finished his Military career as Commandant of 
Point de GaUe. 



( 180 ) 



Dutch Cemetery, Galle—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


590 .. 


Nov. 15 
1819 


Donald McBean 



-contd. 



591 



June 8 

1822 



Ellen Maria Templer 



592 



Sept. 14 
1821 



Sarah Wilhelmina Stroeff 



593 



Sept. 16 
1825 



James Rowland Morgan 



Inscription. 

An obelisk about 24 feet in height, surmounted by 
an urn, the most conspicuous monument in the 
cemetery. 

Lieutenant-Colonel McBean arrived with the 89th 
Regiment, to which he then belonged, in 1809. 
He exchanged with Lieutenant-Colonel Rainsford, 
November 1, 1817. The 89th lost both its senior 
officers in Ceylon: Major Hilliard in conmiand, who 
died httle more than a fortnight after he landed, and 
Lieutenant-Colonel McBean, who took the place of 
Major Millier, and was in command as senior officer on 
duty in the garrison, five days after the 89th landed. 

To the memory of Ellen Mabia, infant daughter of 
F. J. Templee, Esq., of H. M. Civil Service, and 
Elienoee Templeb, his wife. Bom October 10th, 
1821. 

"A two-foot erection of brickwork, on which a 
granite slab has been plastered horizontally. The 
tomb is neglected and is coming down." (Ceylon 
Review, July, 1895.) 

Francis James Templer was in the Civil Service, 
1817-47. He came out with Mrs. Templer and 
family by the ship Alexander, which left on July 5 and 
arrived at Colombo on November 13, 1817. He had 
married at Falmouth on April 16, 1816. He was 
successively Provincial Judge, Calpentyn; Agent of 
Government, Ratnapupa ; Sitting Magistrate, 
Colombo ; Collector of Chilaw ; Collector of Colombo 
and Government Agent, 1833-43; Fiscal, Jaffna, 
1845: Treasurer, October 1, 1846. He was Agent of 
Government at Ratnapura at the time of this child's 
death. He died in October, 1854. He was father of 
Francis BuUer Templer, CCS. 

His eldest daughter, Catherine Mary, married 
Philip E. Wodehouse, C.C.S., afterwards Sir Philip 
Wodehouse, Governor of the Cape, on December 19, 
1834. His daughter Annie Henrietta married 
ArthiM William Buller, afterwards Sir Arthur BuUer, 
Queen's Advocate. 

Sacred to the memory of Sabah Wilhelmina 
Beechmajst, Widow of Anthoni Stboeff, 'who 
died on the 14th September, 1821. 

A stone vault. " It is a capacious one, and is 
ornamented with masonry on its roof. That it was 
intended to serve a family is apparent." (Ceylon 
Review, loc. ait.) 

She was a daughter of Frederic Brechman and his 
wife Maria Elizabeth Claasz, and granddaughter of 
Johannes Brechman and his wife Catharina Malyn. 
She was baptized at Galle, October 17, 1761, and 
married Anthoni Stroeff at Galle, September 14. 1771. 
He was probably a son of Ernst Stroeff of Straelsund, 
" Baas van de Scheeps en Huistimmerlieden " (Baas 
of the Ships and House Carpenters). 

The " Stroeff s not being now known at Galle, and 
the name being absent from Ferguson's Directory, 
I suppose the family is extinct." (Ceylon Review, 
loo. cit.) W. Stroeff was a signatory to the petition 
for the emancipation of slave children in 1818. 
(Regulation 9, 1818.) 

Sacred to the memory of James Rowland Morgan, 
Esq., Assistant Staff Surgeon to the Forces, who 
died at Galle, the 16th September, 1825, aged 
Thirty-one years. 

The inliabitants of Galle and Matara have erected this 
humble tribute of their grateful respect for departed 
worth. By profession fitted for the noblest offices 
of humanity, Mr. Morgan ever devoted himself 
to their exercise in the hour of sickness and distress 
to all in need of his assistance, whether rich or 
poor, white or black. No consideration of 
trouble or inconvenience interposed bet 
and that which he had marked out as 1; 
duty towards his fellow creatures. His 
afforded the best proof of his real princi 
him the last Enemy had no terrors, and 




( 181 ) 



Dutch Cemetery, Galle — contd. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

oys .. Sept. 16 .. James Rowland Morgan — cow<d. the best hope, he bowed with resignation to the will 
1825 of his Creator and left this world of trial under the 

blessed influence of faith in Christ. 

Globia Deo. 

Bennett refers to his tomb as " remarkable for its 
architecture," and relates the sad circumstancea 
which marked the commencement of his short career 
in Ceylon : — 

" On the 27th of June, 1823, Mr. Morgan arrived in 
Colombo Roads with his wife and tlu'ee little children, 
♦ two of whom were girls and the other an infant boy. 

He soon afterwards landed, and having made the 
requisite arrangements for their reception returned to 
the wharf for the piu-pose of going on board for his 
family ; but the wind blew dead upon the land, it being 
the south-west monsoon , and not a boat would venture 
out. Soon afterwards two boats were observed ,to 
leave the ship, of which, when about midway, one 
was upset, and Mr. Morgan liberally offered money 
and used every entreaty in his power to urge the native 
boatmen to goto the assistaneeof their fellow creatures, 
Uttle imagining that at the time he was so zealous iu 
humanity's cause the chief sufferers were those most 
dear to himself, until the other boat reached the shore, 
when the first objects that met his view were his two 
apparently lifeless children and the corpse of the poor 
child's maid with the dead infant in her arm in the 
bottom of the boat, but the body of his wife had 
disappeared. The two children, both girls, survived 
the dreadful catastrophe. For a time the effect upon 
Mr. Morgan's mind was so great that the very worst 
consequences were dreaded, but his naturally robust 
constitution and rehgious temperament enabled 
him to weather the storm, and he gradually acquired 
the tranquilhty so necessary for the prosecution of his 
professional duties; but in little more than two years 
that constitution which had been gratuitously and 
constantly exposed to all the vicissitudes of weather 
and a tropical sun through his zeal for the benefit of 
his suffering fellow creatures sunk under the intense 
exertions of philanthropy ; and the gratitude of the 
inhabitants of the district of Galle and Matura was 
thus publicly acknowledged in honour of his memory." 
(Bennett's " Capabilities of Ceylon," p. 358.) 

Possibly he was a son of the Rev. Rowland Morgan, 
Rector of Wattisfield and Vicar of Rendham in 
Suffolk, a friend of Bennett's (p. 296). 

He attended in 1824, whUe a Hospital Assistant at 
Hambantota, Archdeacon Twisleton when he returned 
to that station iU, after travelling to the eastward of 
it. While at Hambantota he had for a neighbour 
Bennett. 



594 



1826 



George Tower 



695 



April 13 

1827 



Mary Annie Catherine 
Twynam 



596 



June 23 

1827 



Charles Scott 



George Towee, Esqre., Assistant Surgeon, H. M. 
45th Kegiment. Died 1826. Aged 29. 

" A year after the last mentioned ; both young 
men, and probably comrades and victims together to 
the effects of an unaccustomed Eastern climate." 
[Ceylon Review, loc. cit.) 

Sacred to the Memory of Maky Annie Catheeine, 
daughter of Thos. H. Twynam, Esqre., who 
departed this life April 13th, 1827, aged 1 year 
5 months and 18 days. 

Daughter of Thomas HoUoway Twynam and Maria 
Cecilia Summerfield. 

Sacred to the memory of Charles Scott, Esquire, of 
the Ceylon Civil Service and late Provincial Judge 
of Galle and Matura, who died at Galle on the 
23rd of June, 1827, aged 36 years. 

" A tomb cut of granite slabs cemented together 
and forming four walls and a roof, the inscription 
being cut on one of the slabs." (Ceylon Beview.) 

Charles Scott was appointed a Writer, February 1 , 
1808, arrived by H. M. S. Belliqueux, August 26, 
1808 (transferred from the H. C. ship Bengal), and 
was appointed 2nd Assistant in the Commissioners 



( 182 ) 



Dutch Cemetery, Galle—contd. 



rial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


596 .. 


June 23 . 

1827 


. Charles Scott 



-contd. 



Inscription. 

of Revenue Office, June 11, 1809 ; Assistant, Janu- 
ary 31, 1810; Assistant to the Collector, Jaffna, and- 
Fiscal, Jaffna, March 27, 1811 ; Vice-President of the. 
Land Raad at Matara, December 25, 1811 ; Provin- 
cial Judge, GaUe, March 25, 1812 ; ditto at Trine o- 
malee, 1815-17; was on leave, March 1, 1817; 
Provincial Judge, Colombo, 1820-22 ; Collector of 
Jaffna, February 6, 1822 ; Provincial Judge, Galle 
and Matara, 1825. While holding this appointment, 
on January 19, 1815, the same ship Bengal (by which 
he had come out to the Island in 1808) took fire and 
^ent down in Galle Roads. He was dining on board 
at the time with the Captain (NichoUs). He helped 
to get the passengers into boats, but twenty lives 
were lost, including those of Captain NeweU of the 
Alexander, Lieutenant Daniels, Mr. Loane, Master of 
the Malacca, and Mr. Baxter, 2nd Mate of the Surrey. 
The Gazette contained the following obituary notice : — 
" A Civil Servant of nineteen years' standing, during 
which period he had filled the situation of Provincial 
Judge in most of the ijrincipal Districts in the Island, 
and administered his official duties with no less satis- 
faction to those over whom his jxu'isdiction extended, 
than with honour to the purity of his own heart and 
credit to the soxmdness and rectitude of his judgment. 
Generous, independent, hospitable, and kind, his 
name is ever associated with the best feeling of human 
nature, and we are assured that society at large will 
join with us in sincerely deploring his untimeljr 
death. The deceased has left an amiable and dis- 
consolate widow to mourn his loss, who in life was 
an affectionate son, a tender husband, and a warnx 
friend." (June 30, 1827.) He was a very big man, 
and there is a chair in the Jaffna Kachcheri, of the 
circular Dutch office-chair pattern, which is said to 
have been his. 

Sir William Twynam told me a story of Scott and 
James Agnew Farrell of the CivU Service, who was 
Provincial Judge of Jaffna when Scott was Collector 
there, being great friends and both sceptics, and 
having made a compact that if there were a really 
Supreme Being, the one that died first would appear 
to the other after death. Presumably, though at 
this point the story stops short, Scott appeared to 
Farrell, who was at the time of Scott's death Pro- 
vincial Judge of Colombo. There is a reference to 
Scott in Cordiner, vol. II., p. 243. 



597 



Aug. 8 

1827 



Jacobus Zybrandsz 



To the memory of Mr. Jacobus Zybeandsz, late 
Vaccinator of Galle, who departed this life on the 
8th August, 1827, aged 52 years. 

! Death where is thy sting, 
O ! Grave where thy victory. 

I. Cor. 15, 55. 



598 



Dec. 6 

1827 



Horace Ximenes 



599 



Jan. 14 
1831 

July 18 
1832 

July 20 
1S32 



Margaret Mary Durand 
Deacon 

Edward Durand Deacon 



Henry Augustus Durand 
Deacon 



Sacred to the memory of Horace Ximenes, youngest 
son of Colonel Ximenes, 16th Infy. Born 10th 
July, 1827. Died 6th December, 1827. 

Colonel and Mrs. Eliza Ximenes arrived by the 
ship Hihherts from London on March 1,1826. He was 
Commandant at Galle. He and Mrs. Ximenes left 
Galle for Calcutta by the H. C. C.'s ship James Sib- 
bald in November, 1828, arriving at Calcutta on 
January 11 , 1829. An address was presented to him 
by the Burgher inhabitants of Galle signed by 40, and 
another by the Dutch inhabitants signed by 36. This 
was on November 14, 1828, on his departure. 

Here lies the remains of Mabgaeet Mary Durand 
Deacon, daughter of Lieut. Thomas Deacon, 
Staff Officer at this Station, and of Martha Ann, 
his Wife, who died Jany. 14th, 1831, aged IS 
months and 12 days ; also of Edward Durand 
Deacon, son of the above, who died 18th July, 
1832, aged 18 months ; also of Henry Augustus 
Durand Deacon, son of the above, who died 20th- 
July, 1832, aged 2 months and 26 days. 



( 183 



Dutch Cemetery, Galle—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


599 .. 


Jan. 14 
1831, &e. 


. Margaret Mary Durand 
Deacon, &c. — contd. 



Inscription. 

Lieutenant Deacon belonged to the 73rd Regiment. 
He was Fort Adjutant at Trincomalee, 1819-23, and 
at Colombo, 1824-25. He was married £0 his wife 
Martha Anne de Couoy at St. George's, Hanover 
square, August 31, 1809. Another daughter married 
William Moir, Pa5rmaster of the 16th and of the 2nd 
Ceylon Regiments, in the Civil Service from July 1, 
1825, to May 1, 1840, whose first wife had died at 
Calcutta ia 1817, aged 31. He was the father by his 
second wife of Robert Wilham Durand Moir, C.C.S., 
1864-92, who died in 1909, and of Mrs. Twynam, 
wife of WilHam Crofton Twynam, CCS. Yet 
another daughter married Wilham Steuart. 



600 



Feb. 10 
1831 



Louis Sanson! 



Sacred to the memory of Louis Sansoni, Esqr., of 
His Majesty's Civil Service and late Collector of 
Point de Galle, who died on the 10th February, 
1831. 

A torub of the same type as Mr. Charles Scott's. 

He was a brother of Joseph Sansom,who is described 
as an Itahan. Joseph Sansoni was a medical man, 
and was appointed to act as assistant to the Garrison 
Surgeon, Colombo, January 30, 1803, and was in 
medical charge of the Matara Garrison in 1804. He 
married at Colombo, July 27, 1800, Johanna Dorothea 
Juliana WiUiehnina Schorer, the widow of Captain 
Samuel Peter Foenander, and died November 3, 1807. 
Louis Sansoni married at GaUe, February 26, 1828, 
Lydia Twynam, sister of Captain Thomas HoUoway 
Twynam, then Master Attendant at Galle. Left a 
widow in 1831, she returned to England by the ship 
Symmetry, and in 1834 married Mr. Thomas 
Swindale Harvey of the firm of Hancock and Harvey, 
tea merchants, Great St. Helen's, Bishopsgate street. 
She drew a pension of £300 a year from the old 
Widows' Pension Fund for some 50 years or more, 
she and Mrs. William Moir being the last two pen- 
sioners. " Child as I then was, I recollect perfectly 
Tindell's old ship the Symmetry, then one of the crack 
passenger ships of Ceylon, coming off Galle on her 
way to England to take my aunt on board." (Sir 
William Twynam in 1909.) There were no children 
by this marriage of Louis Sansoni's, and the family is 
extinct in the male line. 

Louis Sansoni was Customs Master, Jaffna, in 
1813-15 ; Deputy Postmaster in Ceylon for the 
General Post Office in London, September 1, 1816 ; 
Postmaster-General, Ceylon, vice Egbert Bletterman, 
October 1, 1816, which post he held till 1826, when 
he was appointed Collector of GaUe and Matara. 
He seems also to have held the office of Private 
Secretary to two Puisne Justices (Sir W. Coke and 
H. Bjrrne), 1816-19, though it is cxirious that it 
should have been held with the Postmaster-General- 
ship , though of course in those days the latter was not 
an onerous post. 



601 



March 1 
1831 



Joseph Sansoni 



Sacred to the memory of Joseph Sansoni, Esq., 
born 14th February, 1808. Died 1st March, 1831. 
Aged 23 years and 18 days. 

A tomb resembling the preceding. 

He was a posthumous son of Joseph Sansoni. 
Another son, James Rowland, was probably called 
after Dr. James Rowland Morgan (see No. 593), bom 
December 10, 1806, died November 8, 1837, at 
Colombo ; with him the family became extinct in 
the male line. 

Sir William Twynam can just recollect his death. 

Another Joseph Sansoni, probably a son of Louis, 
married (1) Mary Elizabeth Atkinson, and (2) Sara 
Henrietta Staats, July 7, 1832. He had two daughters 
by his first wife, the younger of whom married H. A. 
Foenander in 1852, and three daughters and a son by 
his second. One of them also married a Foenander 
in 1852. The son died young. 



Serial N"o 


Date. 


Name. 


602 .. 


July 30 
1832 


William Carmichael Gibson 



( 184 ) 

Dutch Cemetery, Galle — contd. 

Inscription. 

Sacred to the memory of William Caemich^el 
Gibson, Esqre, who departed this life on the 30th 
July, 1832, aged 63 years. 

Mors optima est perire dum lachrymantes sunt. 

As there were two Layard brothers in the Civil 
Service in the early years of British rule in Ceylon, so 
there were two Gibson brothers in other branches of 
Government service, and the two families soon became 
doubly connected by marriage. William Carmichael 
Gibson was Master Attendant at Galle from 1796 to 
1803 and at Colombo till March 6, 1816, when he 
retired "to follow mercantile pursuits." Gibson 
must have originaUy " foUowed the sea," either as a 
naval or mercantile commander, for he is spoken of 
as " Captain Gibson," and while at Galle on July 11, 
1805, at 8 A.M., he had the exciting experience of 
seeing what he took to be " fom- ships of the enemy's 
fleet " off the coast. He reported this to Colombo, 
and said he would " despatch his boat to Trincomalie 
with the intelhgence." They proved to be a French 
ship of the line, supposed to be the Marengo, and a 
French frigate in chase of the ship Sarah of Bombay, 
bound to China, Captain C. Mackintosh, who ran 
her ashore at Dodanduwa, rather than have her 
captured. The fourth vessel was the H. E. I. C.'s 
ship Brunswick, which was taken by the French. 

He was the founder of one of the first Ceylon firms, 
that of W. C. Gibson & Co., which at fh-st did business 
at Galle, and afterwards started a branch of the firm 
or removed altogether to Colombo. W. C. Gibson 
seems to have continued to reside at Galle, and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Campbell, in his "Excursions, 
&c. ," refers to " Mr. and Mrs. Gibson and their dehght- 
fully situated and agreeable mansion " (p. 324), which 
I take to have been " Closenburg," afterwards the 
residence of the P. & O. Company's agent. Captain 
Bayley ; but the firm had a Colombo branch, and in 
1843 Bennett refers to it as " the oldest commercial 
firm in the Island." On the death of W. C. Gibson, 
Joseph Read, the surviving partner of the firm, 
carried on the business. 

W. C. Gibson and his family went to England in 
1810 in the same ship as Thomas Thackeray RenneU, 
CCS. The Gibsons of Ceylon were sons of William 
Gibson, a merchant of Edinburgh, by his wife Mary 
Cecilia, daughter of James Balfour of Pihig. This 
William Gibson was second son of John Gibson of 
Durie, by Helen, daughter of the Hon. William 
Carmichael of Diwie. John was son of Alexander 
Gibson, who was second son of Sir Alexander Gibson 
of Pentland and Adiston, one of the principal Clerks of 
Session, descended from a Thomas Gibson of the time 
of James IV. , who was a Baron of the County of Fife. 

A younger brother of William Carmichael and Lewis 
Gibson was Andrew Mitchell Gibson of the Naval Ser- 
vice of the East India Company, who married Miss 
Barbara Thompson at Colombo in 1818 (see No. 92). 

603 . . Jan. 7 . . Maria Elizabeth Frith . . Sacred to the memory of Maeia Elizabeth Feith, 

1833 who departed this life on the 7th January, 1833, 

aged 24 years. 

May 20 . Maria Carolina Frith . . To the Memory of Maeia Caeollna, her mfant 
1833 daughter, who died at Bombay, May 20th, 1833, 

aged 9 months and 3 days. 

There was a Major John W. Frith in the 58th 
Regunent, which was stationed ui Ceylon, 1828-37; 
He arrived with a detachment of the regiment by the 
transport Amity on October 28, 1828. A daughter 
of C. E. Layard's, Carolina Louisa, married a Captain 
John Griffith Frith on October 21, 1828, at Colombo. 

604 , July 18 . . Fransina Maria Rose . . Hier legt begraven het lyk van de menschlievende 

1833 echtgenote van den Hear Joseph Rose in name 

Fransina Maria Baptist. Geboren den 4 Nov- 
ember, 1762, overleden den 18 July, 1833, in den 
onderdom van 70 jaaren 8 maanden en 14 dagen. 
(Jomnal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 270.) 
Fransina Maria Baptist was the daughter of Jacobus 
Baptist and Elizabeth d'Almeda. 



( 185 ) 



Dutch Cemetery, Galle—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


605 .. 


Sept. 21 
1834 


. Daniel Loret 




Oct. 20 
1836 


Frederick Loret 



606 



Feb. 14 
1836 



Gerald Benjamin Giesler 



Inscription, 
Sacred to the Memory of Daniel Lobet, who 

departed his life at Galle on the 21st September, 

1834, aged 57. 
Filial Affection has caused this tablet to be placed 

over the remains of departed worth. 
Also sacred to the memory of Frbdekick Lobet, 

who died at Galle on the 20th October, 1836, 

aged 30 years. 

GLOBIA DEO. 

The Lorets were no doubt of French descent. 
Daniel Loret married Helena Kale, by whom he had 
a son, Augustus Frederick, born August 7, 1806. A 
descendant of his was the owner of Loret's Hotel, 
GaUe, opposite Ephraums' shop in Middle street. 

" The gift of a harmonium valued at £75 " to the 
Wesloyan Chapel by Mr. Loret is recorded by Mr. 
SpenceHardy. ("Jubilee Memorials, "p. 216.) There 
is a case Loret versus Vanderstraaten reported in 
Ramanathan's Reports, 1820-33. 

Gbeald Benjamin, son of the late Gebald Godebey 
Abohibald Giesleb, Esqre., of the 2nd Ceylon 
Regiment, who died on the 14th February, 1836, 
aged 19. 

Lieutenant Giesler of Mullaittivu married, on 
March 27, 1814, Dorothea Sophia de Breard, who on 
his death at Jaffna, which occurred on January 17, 
1816, while he was Commandant of Mullaittivu, 
married J. J. Vanderspar. This son was born at 
Colombo on July 23, 1816, a posthumous child. 



607 



Oct. 6 
1836 



Jan Marten Wittensleger . 



608 



Oct. 10 
1837 



William Mason 
Thomas Riehley 



io 



Tot gezegent aandenking. 

Hier rusthet lyk van den Eerw. Heer Jan Mabten 
WiTTENSLEGEB, Proponent van de Geref . gemeente 
te Gale. Geb. te Galle den 13 May, 1763, over- 
leden den 6 October, 1836, en de nakomelingen. 
(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 279.) 

Sacred to the memory of Private William Mason, 
aged 20, of the 90th L. Infantry, and Thos. 
RiCHLEY, Seaman, aged 33, of the Hon. E. I. C. 
Service, who were unfortunately upset in a boat 
and drowned in the Harbour while returning from 
the Hon'ble E. I. C. C. Surveying tender Gardiva 
on the night of the 10th Oct., 1837. As a mark 
of affection and regard for their comrade and 
messmate and of sympathy for their fate, the 
Detachment of the 90th Infantry stationed at 
Galle, in conjunction with the Royal Tiger and her 
tender, have caused this stone to be erected to 
mark the spot where buried in one grave an able 
seaman and a promising young soldier rest from 
their labours. 

Within the dark and silent grave, 
Here lies a soldier and sailor just as brave, 
And when the awful trumpet sounds 
They axe for settled quarters, bound. 

The surveying schooner Royal Tiger, F. F. Powell, 
Indian Navy, Commander, arrived at GaUe from 
Peres Banbos on January 14, 1837, and returned 
there on February 6. She was at GaUe again on 
May 29, and left for Chagos Archipelago on June 24. 
She arrived at GaUe again on September 16 and left 
for Palk's Bay on September 25. She was then 
accompanied by the tender Maldivia, Midshipman 
Fleming in command (see No. 135). On October 7 
she was at Kayts, bound for Ramissaram. On 
October 24 she arrived at GaUe from Palk's Bay. 

The Cardiva, WUliam Christopher commanding, 
arrived at Galle from the Chagos Archipelago on 
October 8. Besides the surveying schooner Royal 
Tiger and these two tenders, there were another 
surveying schooner the Shannon and the surveying 
ship Benares, aU belonging to the Indian Navy. 

82-09 



( 186 ) 



Dutch Cemetery, Galle — contd. 



Serial No. 
609 . 



Date. 

Jan. 10 
1838 



Name. 

John Irwin Dalziel 



610 



May 25 
1838 



Willoughby Smith 



611 



612 



Feb. 28 
1840 



Aug. 21 

1842 



Helena Pattison 



Clement Stewart 



613 



May 2 
1844 



William Matthews 



614 



615 



Feb. 21 
1845 



May 3 
1845 



Richard Henley Pally Clarke 



Johann Friederich Wilhelm 
Lorenz 



Inscription. 

Sacred to the memory of John Iewtn, son of John 
Dalziel, Esq., J. P., Police Magistrate of Coldinbo, 
and Maey, his Wife. Bom at Trincomalee, 18th 
Feby., 1833. Died at Galle, 10th January, 1838, 
and buried here. 

(See No. 167.) 

A square brick pillar with granite slabs. 

Sacred to the memory of WrLLOUGHBY Smith, Esqre. , 
Late Commander of the Barque Soobrow of 
Bombay, who died at GaUe on the 25th May, 1838, 
in the 28th year of his age. 

This Tomb has been erected by his Widow as a 
sincere tribute of her affectionate esteem for his 
memory. 

Helena, daughter of Lieut. Pattison, 10th Regt., 
'who died Feb. 28th, 1840, aged one year. 



A granite slab. 

She was the daughter of Lieutenant J. 
Pattison, 10th Regiment, and Eliza Johanna. 



R. G. 



Clement, Son of Algernon Stewart, Esqre., 
Ceylon Civil Service. Died August 21st, 1842. 

(See No. 122.) Algernon Stewart was District 
Judge of GaUe, 1840-50. He retired February 18, 
1 850. He was the son of the Hon. B. R. Stewart and 
Lady Katherine Stewart. 

Sacred to the memory of William Matthews, died 

at GaUe on the 2nd May, 1844, in the 38th year of 

his age. 
This tomb is erected by Major-General Kennett, in 

grateful remembrance of his service during 16 

years. 

Matthews was on Gallegodde estate, near Ambalan- 
goda. General Brackley Kennett of the Bombay 
Army was killed by his butler at Coonoor at the age 
of 87, October 12, 1857 (see Cotton, p. 285). 

Sacred to the memory of Richard Henley Pelly 
Clarke, Late of the H. E. I. C. Bengal Civil 
Service, who died at Galle on his way to England, 
Feby. 21st, 1845, aged 35 years and 4 months. 

A four-walled tomb with stone tablet. He was 
Magistrate and Collector of Bareilly. 

Sacred to the memory of Johann Friederich Wil- 
helm Lorenz, late Sitting Magistrate of Matara. 
Born at Tempelburg-in Prussian Pomerania, 25th 
June, 1772. Died at Galle in Ceylon, 3 May, 
1845. 

He was the father of Charles Lorenz (see No. 39). 
He married (1) at Galle, on July 12, 1801, Susanna 
Wilhelmina Ludovioi ; (2) at Galle , on March 29, 1805, 
Maria EHzabeth Andr6e ; (3) on September 21, 1813, 
Anna Petronella Smith. Charles Lorenz was a son of 
the third wife, the last of seven children and the 
second of two sons. The other son, John Henry, was 
in the Registrar of Lands Department. J. F. W. 
Lorenz had an eventful career, as appears from the 
following accoimt of it from the Ceylon Qtiarterly 
Magazine (1871), quoted by Digby : — 

" A native of Prussian Pomerania, (he) was born at 
Templeburg in 1772 of parents in the middle rank 
of life. The father, Jolm Andre Lorenz, a Captain 
of the Schwartz Cuirassiers, having faUen in the 
war raging at the time when his son was only five 
years old, and his mother being dead, he was placed 
at school in Potsdam, whence he was afterwards 
transferred to the Military College in Berlin as a free 
student, at the instance of his godfather, the <~ 
of his father's regiment. At college, while yet| 
ten years of age, he gave promise of that vail 
talent of which in after years and in a foreign I 
gave such astonishing proofs. Among the in| 
of his youthful experience, he used to relate 



( 187 ) 



Dutch Cemetery, Galle — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


615 .. 


May 3 
1845 


. . Johann Friederich Wilhelm 
Lorenz — contd. 



Inscription. 

little satisfaction a visit of Frederick the Great to the 
college. It was an examination day, and prizes were 
to be distributed. Carlyle's hero-king, who, in addi- 
tion to his other real accomplishments, pretended to 
the gift of poetry, had composed some verses in 
honour of the occasion. He called upon the dictation 
class, and recited his own verses for the boys to write 
them down, pronaising the boy who could do the 
lires correctly the royal prize. The dux of the class 
stepped forward and wrote off the lines correctly 
enough, but the king detected a slight error, and asked 
whether any of the boys found a mistake in the lines. 
Young Lorenz then walked up, rubbed out the small 1 
with which the initial word of the first line " Lieben " 
was commenced, and wrote a capital L in its place. 
The king was highly pleased, and handed him a book 
of poetry bound in red morocco. Another of the 
recollections of his early days was the death of 
Frederick the Great in 1786, when all the students of 
the Military College were marshalled in the palace 
yard and moved in procession to vi6w the body laid 
out in regal state. 

"When he was closing his eighteenth year, ha made 
up his mind to leave home and seek his fortune in the 
Indies, that El Dorado which fired the imagination of 
the adventurous youths of Europe with dreams of the 
pagoda tree, which waited only to be shaken to scatter 
a shower of golden wealth. An uncle of his, who had 
left Germany many years previous, and who was 
supposed to have settled in India, was an additional 
inducement. He commenced his journey to the sea 
coast in midwinter, a bundle on a stick over his 
shoulder, very little cash in his purse, but with a 
heart beating high with hope, willing to dare and able 
to accomplish much. The perils and hardships of 
that journey in winter's cold and amid winter's snow 
he often used to recall, and none of the hardships or 
privations to which he had to submit diu-ing the 
earUer portion of his career in Ceylon, great and many 
though they were, could compare with that first 
winter jom-ney. He paid his way, as most German 
youths on their travels do even at the present day, by 
playing the flute "at the farmhouses where he sought 
food and shelter. Some times a weU-to-do farmer 
would ask him to rest a few days, and he repaid their 
hospitality by giving the young maidens lessons in 
music or ii writing, and helping the old people to 
answer correspondence or in making up their accounts. 
One day while passing a lonely snow-covered heath 
he met an old Jew, who asked to tell his fortune for a 
penny. Eminently dreamy and superstitious as is 
the German mind, this encounter seemed to him a 
special arrangement of Providence for giving him an 
insight into that future w^hich, notwithstanding the 
rosy hues in which a vivid imagination had pictured 
it, was yet a mysterious blank to him. To penetrate 
within the sanctuary of the future, to know something 
of what was to be, was a temptation which, under 
such circumstances, even a less superstitiously con- 
stituted temper of mind could hardly resist, and 
crossing his palm with the penny he held it out. The 
Jew scanned the lines, and bid him beware of rivers 
and streams, for death by drowning was written in the 
map of destiny, unless a happy conjunction of the 
stars sent a blade of grass to save him. This prophecy 
of evil was not calculated to reassure his hopes, and 
thoughtful and pensive he walked on. The country 
was all covered with snow, and streams, rivers, and 
bridges were undistinguishable under the white 
shroud, in whioh winter had clothed the earth. 
Picking his way as he best could he held on to what he 
believed was the road, when towards evening, and 
within sight of a sheltering farmhouse, he missed the 
track, and breaking tlirough the soft crust of snow 
fell into a stream and was carried away by the current. 
A labourer passing by who had seen the accident ran 
to his assistance, picked him up, and helped him to 
reach the farmhouse, where, under the kind attentions 
of the good people, he soon came round. On his 
relating his adventure with the Jew, the labourer who 
had assisted him out of the water was present, and 
confirmed the prediction ; for, said he, it was the 



188 ) 



Dutch Cemetery, Galle — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


615 .. 


May 3 
1845 


. . Johann Friederich Wilhelm 
Lorenz — contd. 



616 



July 8 
1845 



Henry Agar 



Inscription. 

clump of rushes he had held on to that saved him 
from dro-wTung. He left Europe, embarking at 
Amsterdam in the year 1792, and after a perilous 
voyage, which in those days could only be accom- 
plished by doubUng the Cape of Storms, landed at 
Galle the following year. Whatever may have been 
his enthiosiasm on first setting foot on the Island which 
was to be his home for aye, the reception he met with 
from the Dutch authorities was not the most encoura- 
ging. It was the transition period of their rule, and 
coming events had already begua to cast their darken- 
ing shadows over Dutch ascendency in the East. He , 
however, set to qualify himself for the futtire. His 
first care was to learn Dutch, his second to acquire a 
knowledge of Portuguese, and when the British took 
possession of the Island he had no national prejudices 
to prevent his giving his hearty allegiance to the 
British Government. Under the new order of things, 
he devoted his attention to the study of English, and 
in the course of a few months he achieved so much 
success that his talents were recognised by Mr. North 
(afterwards the Earl of Guildford), then Governor of 
Ceylon, who appointed him Fiscal of Colombo. He 
was without doubt the most accomplished foreigner in 
the British service of the time. His English was 
perfectly idiomatic, though he spoke with a foreign 
accent, while his Dutch and Portuguese were scarcely 
less perfect. From Colombo his next appointment 
was to the Sitting Magistracy of Morawa korale, 
whence he was transferred to Gettemane, and finally 
to Matara, where he continued till 1834, when he 
retired on pension. Ho was highly esteemed by the 
former Judges of the Supreme Court — Sir Hardinge 
Giffard, Sir Richard Ottley, Sir Charles Marshall, Sir 
Wilham Rough, and others — who always spoke in the 
highest terms of Mr. Lorenz as an active, able, and 
experienced Magistrate. During his tenure of office 
under Government he made several valuable reports 
on the agricultural condition of that part of the Island 
with which he was more intimately famihar, and 
Bennett, in his " Ceylon audits Capabilities," mentions 
the fact that he was the first to try the cultivation of 
the potato in the Island. His first experiment was 
made at Beralapanatara, where also he tried to grow 
wheat, but failed. The writer has seen the place 
where, as Sitting Magistrate, he held his Court. The 
old Magistrate's residence has now made way for a 
resthouse, and the only evidences of his connection 
with the place now left are some coconut trees and 
a rambatum tree planted by him." 

J. F. Lorenz -was appointed "Translator and Secre- 
tary to the Fiscal, Galle," in Jime, 1801, and Secre- 
tary of the Provincial Court of Matara, April 15, 1803. 

Erected to the memory of Heney Agae, Esqre., 
Lieut., Ceylon Rifle Regt. Died at Galle on the 
8th July, 1845. Aged 25 years. By Rowland 
Agar, Staff Asst. Surgeon, August 31st, 1851. 
De Mortuis Nil nisi bonum. 

" The tomb is fom-- walled and roofed ; the record is 
on a stone tablet." {Ceylon Review.) 

According to the register his age was 27. The name 
is spelt " Eagar " in the obituary annoimcement in the 
Colombo Journal. Rowland Agar was buried in the 
same cemetery on October 24, 1852. Henry Agar, 
Lieutenant 90th Light Infantry, of the County of Kerry 
and of Ceylon, married Miss Fanny Chamberlain, late 
of Paris and of KiUarney, niece of the late Richard 
Habnett, Esq. , Coimty of Cork, in 1840. Probably he 
was a son of John Eagar, Esq. , of Ballybar and Sober, • 
in the County Kerry, whose second daughter, Emily, 
married at St. Peter's, Colombo, on November 29, 
1843, W. B. Piu-neU, Esq., 90th Light Infantry, 
second son of B. Purnell, Esq., of Stavenake Park, 
Gloucestershire. The family settled in Ireland at the 
time of Cromwell's occupation of it. 

A daughter of Lieutenant Agar, Ceylon Rifles, died 
at Kandy, March 10, 1843. 

A tomb very like this one and that of R. H. P. 
Clarke (No. 614) has lost the tablet that was once on 
it. Possibly it is that of Dr. Agar. 



( 189 ) 



Dutch Cemetery, Gsd\e—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


617 .. 


March 3 
1846 


Robert L. Craig 



618 



619 



620 



Aug. 21 
1846 



Oct. 11 
1846 



July 11 
1847 



William Hogg 



Otto Hellefeld 



John Baskerville Mortimer . 



621 



622 



Aug. 1 

1847 



June 18 
1848 • 



Mary Ann Purchase 
Courtenay Chambers 



623 



June 23 
1849 



Thomas Homfray Denham 



624 



Sept. 17 
1850 



Francis Brownrigg Bayly 



625 



Aug. 6 
1853 



Mary Murray Raitt 



Inscription. 
Sacred to the memory of Robert L. Ceaig, who died 
March 3rd, 1846, aged 63 years. 

"A vault, for a single interment, of pretentious 
brickwork with a slab of slate plastered into it." 
{Ceylon Review.) He died at Weligama. 

" Mr. Robert Craig lost his money, and I may add 
his life , from embarking in sugar culture. He worked 
up a coffee estate in the Kadugarmawa District in the 
early days of 10 cwt. an acre until he was able to sell 
out for £12,000. To liim and to his family this was 
considerable wealth , but he was unfortunately induced 
to spend the price received for his coffee estate in 
opening a sugar plantation near Matara. The enter- 
prise was a failure, poor Craig had lost his all, and he 
died like so many others from heart disease, the restilt 
doubtless of anxiety and depression." (A. M. F., 
in Ceylon Literary Register, vol. II., p. 15.) 

Sacred to the memory of Mr. William Hogg, who 

died on the 21st August, 1846. 
This tomb has been erected by a few friends as a 
token of respect. 

Otto Hellefeld, Esq., of Hamburg, who died on 
the passage from Calcutta to Bombay. 

He was a partner in the firm of Huschke Wiltem- 
bach & Co. , of Bombay and Calcutta. 

Lieut. J. B. MoETiMEK, 34th Light Infantry, Madras 
Army, who departed this lite on July 11th, 1847. 
This monument has been erected as a token of 
esteem by his brother officers. 

" A small granite slab deposited on the gromid 
carelessly." {Ceylon Review.) (It had, of course, 
fallen down.) This was the state of the monument 
in 1895; the stone has probably by this time dis- 
appeared. 

Maey Ann, the beloved wife of Joseph William 
Purchase, who departed this Hfe 1st August, 
1847, aged 37 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Colonel Courtenay 
Chambers, Lieut.-Colonel of the 25th Regiment of 
the King's Own Borderers, who departed this life at 
Point de Galle on the 18th June,1848, aged 50 years. 

" A tablet of marble 18 inches square stands loosely 
from the earth , in which it has been buried to a depth 
of 2 inches." {Ceylon Review. ) 

Sacred to the memory of Thomas Homfray Denham, 
youngest son of Capt. J. J. Denham, born 22nd 
July, 1825, died 23rd June, 1849. 

The newspaper gives June 22 as the date of death. 
He came from Calcutta, and was a passenger by the 
Bentinck steamer. Captain J. J. Denham was Com- 
mander of the Shaw Allum in 1817 (see No. 110). J 

Sacred to the memory of Francis Brownrigg Bayly , 
late Captain, Ceylon Rifle Regiment, who died 
September 17th, 1850, aged 43 years. 

Erected by his sister E. Bayly. 

He was son of Major Bayly (see No. 95), and was 
born at Colombo, October 28, 1807; 2nd Lieutenant, 
C. R. R. , January 2, 1828; 1st Lieutenant, May 8, 1835 ;. 
Captain, May 2, 1845 ; Commandant of Matara, 1833, 
of Hambantota, 1843-44, of BaduUa, 1845-46 ; Staff 
Officer of Galle, 1846-50. 

Mary Murray, the beloved Wife of Captain Raitt, 
16th Regt., N. I., aged 34 years, who departed this 
life at Point de Galle on the morning of the 6th 
August, 1853. 

There was another Captain Raitt in the Ceylon 
Rifles, 1839-49, who died in the latter year, but J 
do not know whether they were related. He was 
H. A. Raitt, and took a prominent part in Ceylon 
racing. This Mrs. Raitt probably was on the voyage 
home or out. 



( 190 ) 



Serial No. 
626 . 



627 



Date. 

Aug. 7 
1854 



Jan. 25 
1855 



Dutch Cemetery, Galle 

Name. 

Charles Edward Vanderspar 



-contd. 



Charles Brymner 



628 . 


. Aug. 2 
1857 


. . Thomas Gibson 


629 . 


. Oct. 2 
1857 


. . James Allen 


630 . 


. Feb. 23 

1858 


, . John Henderson 



631 



Aug. 25 
1858 



Margaret Gibson 



632 



Oct. 15 

1858 

June 22 
1860 



W. H. Denham 
Elizabeth Mary Denham 



633 



634 



635 



Sept. 3 
1864 



Jan. 8 
1867 



Aug. 13 
1868 



Enos Hughes 



Tempe Stanley Drew 



Anne Steel 



In.soi'iption. 

Chaeles Edwaud, son of J. J. Vandeespak, Esq.^ 
who died on the 7th August, 1854, aged 30. 

(See No. 561.) 



iSacred to the memory of Ohakles Bkymnee, late 
3rd Engineer of the P. & 0. Steam Ship Shanghai, 
who departed tliis life on the 25th January, 1855, 
aged 26 years. 

This stone has been erected by his brother officers as 
a token of respect and esteem. 

Thomas Gibsoit, Merchant, Melbourne, son of the 
late Thomas Gibson, Banker, Ayr, Scotland, died 
at Galle, aged 24 years. 

Aged 33. 

A granite column broken off short. 

Sacred to the memory of John Hbndekson, Late 
Commander of the ship Lodore, who departed this 
life 23rd February, 1858, aged 45 years. 

This stone is erected by the merchants and his 
brother ship masters, Galle. 

Sacred to the memory of Mrs. Mabgabet Gibson, 
who died at Galle on the 25th day of August, 1858, 
aged 85 years. 

A tomb resembling that of Mr. Charles Scott. 

She lived for many years at Gibson's Hill, Galle, 
and founded the Buona Vista Orphanage. There is 
a stained glass window to her memory in All Saints' 
Church. She was a daughter of John Sharpe, Esq., 
of Madras, and married William Carmichael Gibson 
at Madras in October, 1794. 

They had two daughters, Margaret Cecilia, who on 
Jime 19, 1812, married William Henry Hooper, 
CCS. (1805-26), then Collector of Galle, and Mary, 
who married on June 11, 1827, Captain Robert 
Luxmoore, 16th Regiment. 

Sacred to the memory of Revd. W. H. Denham, for 
four years Pastor of the Baptist Church at Faver- 
sham, Kent, and fourteen years Missionary at 
Serampore and Theological Professor at the Mission 
CoUege, who died at Galle on his way back to India 
on October 15,1858, aged 48 ; and also Eliza- 
beth Maey Denham, his Wife, who died 22nd June, 
1860, and is interred at Abney Park Cemetery, 
Stoke Newington. 

Enos Htjghes, Bangor, North Wales; Master of 

Ship Viscount Sandon. 
This stone was raised as a tribute of affection by 

the officers of the ship. 

Sacred to the memory of Tempe Staj^ley, the beloved 
wife of Capt. C. M. Drew, died at Galle. 

Captain Drew was Superintendent of PoUce at Galle. 
and died at Kandy, March 4, 1868. 

In memory of my dear Nannie, 1868. 
He gave thee 
He took thee 
And He will restore thee. 

She was the wife of Donald Steel, a tea planter, 
Caohar, Assam. She arrived at Galle from Calcutta 
in the ss. Candda on August 10, 1868, and died there 
of cholera on the 12th, aged 29 years. 

She and he;r husband were on their way to Australia. 
She was the daughter, born February 11, 1839, of 
Richard Davis Webb, a master printer and publisher 
of Dublin, belonging to a highly respected family of 
Dublin Quakers. She married Donald Steel at Rath- 
gar, on March 26, 1868. He was lost overboard near 
Galle a few years after her death, on the voyage from 
Calciitta to Australia. 



( 191 ) 



Dutch Cemetery, Ga\\e—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


636 .. 


Jan. 1 
1873 


Janie Grant 



637 



638 



Aug, 8 
1873 



Sept. 5 
1875 



William Mcintosh 



William Bruce Manson 



639 



Jan. 18 
■ 1880 



Dorothea Sophia Vanderspar 



«40 



641 



Feb. 4 
1883 



Oct. 30 
1883 

Marcb 12 
1854 



George McRitchie Bisset , 

Frederick William de Vos . 
Sophia Elizabeth de Vos 



642 



643 



«44 



Dec. 19 , 

1887 


, . John Smith 


July 3 
1889 


, . Lizzie Paterson 


Nov. 21 , 
1885 


. . Elsie Paterson 


Oct. 29 . 
1892 


. Loringe Fosseth 



645 



June 12 
1903 



Peter Daniel Anthonisz 



Inscription. 

Janie, the beloved -wife of George Hugh Gbajstt of 
Bhagulpore, Bengal, and daughter of Dr. & Mrs. 
Keillee of Edinburgh. Born in Edinburgh, 26th 
July, 1851, & died in Galle Harbour of fever 
after a short illness. 



WiUjIAM MoIntosh, of Dundee 
ger, India Jute Coy.'s Mills, 



Scotland, Mana- 

Serampore, near 

Calcutta, who died at Galle aged 35 years. 



William Bbucb Manson, a native of Thurso, Scot- 
land, Late Manager of Bagonbarry , the property of 
his Uncle the late Kenneth Stttheeland Bkodie, 
in the Presidency of Bengal, who died at Point De 
Galle aged 40 years. 

This tablet is placed here by his Uncle's Trustees in 
testimony of his worth as a faithful and ef&cient 
Manager. 

Mbs. D. S. Vandbespak, born 11th June, 1799. 

She was a daughter of Marie Joseph Benjamin de 
Breard and his wife Susanna Franoina (see No. 559), 
and married (1) on March 17, 1814, Lieutenant 
Godfried Archibald Gerrit Benjamin Giesler, 2nd 
Ceylon Regiment, who died at Jaffna on January 
17, 1816; and (2) John Joachim Vanderspar (see 
No. 661) on June 1, 1818. By her first husband 
she had a son bom at Colombo, July 23, 1816. 

Geoege MoRitchie Bisset, "beloved husband of 
Rachel Ann Rab aged 42 years. 

Bisset' s shop at Galle was well known in the seventies 
and early eighties. 

Feedeeick William de Vos. Born 22nd July, 

1829 

Requiescat in pace. 

He was the son of Pieter Willem de Vos and 
Charlotta Eliza von Hagt. 

Sophia Elizabeth, the beloved wife of F. W. de 
Vos, Esq., who died at GaUe aged 24 years. 

This was the first wife of Mr. F. W. de Vos, a sister 
of Dr. P. D. Anthonisz. They were the parents of 
Mr. F. H. de Vos. 

John Smith, only son of the late Rev. Wm. Smith, 
Chapel of Garioch, Scotland, born Feb. 25th, 
1841. 

Erected by C. A . Paterson , Principal of the Church of , 
Scotland Mission CoUege, Madras, in memory of 
Lizzie Watt, his wife, who died suddenly of 
typhoid fever at GaUe, aged 32 years; and of 
Elsie, their elder daughter, who died at Bridge 
of Allan, Scotland aged 1 year. 

Capt. Loeinge Fosseth, Master, American Barque 
Normande. Born at Bristol, Maine, U.S.A., April 

20th, 1835. Died at GaUe aged 57 years 

6 months and 9 days. 

Erected to his memory by his Officers and Crew. 

Sacred to the memory of Peter Daniel Anthonisz, 
M.D., F.R.C.S.E., M.R.C.S., M.R.C.P., Companion 
of the Most Distinguished Order of St. Michael & 
St. George. Bom 25th June, 1822 

Arms — Argent, a lozenge gules between three 
besants of the second, fracted on dexter side. Star 
of the order suspended from shield. 

Crest — A lozenge gules between a pair of wings 
addorsed. 

There is also a Latin inscription on a wapenbord 
in the Dutch Church, Galle (see No. 567), and the 



{ 192 ) 

Dutch Cemetery, GsiHe—contd. 



Serial No, 


Date. 


Name. 


645 .. 


June 12 . 
1903 


. Peter Daniel Anthonisz 



lasciription. 

-contd. clock tower on the ramparts bears the following, 
inscription : — 

Anthonisz Clock Tower. 

This tower erected by public subscription to the 
perpetual memory of Peter Daniel Anthonisz. 
(born in GaUe) in testimony of his skill and 
benevolence in relieving human suffering. 

The clock is the gift of Samson d'Abrew Rajapakse, 
J.P., of Kosgoda. 

MDCOCLXXXIII. 

He entered the Medical Department in 1838 as a 
Sub-Assistant, and by 1858 had risen to the position 
of Colonial Surgeon. He made several visits to 
England and walked the hospitals there and on the 
Continent. He acted as Principal Civil Medical 
Officer on three different occasions. He retired in 
188C. He was for many years a member of the 
Municipal Coimcil of Galle, and was also representative 
of the Burgher community in the Legislative Council. 
He was a man of genial disposition and unbounded 
charity. 

He was born at Galle, June 25, 1822, the eldest 
son of Leonardus Henricus Anthonisz and Susanna 
Dorothea Deutrom, only child of Johannes Jacobus 
Deutrom and Anna Magdalena Kellar. 



All Saints' Cemetery, Galle. 

TMs is a few yards from the Dutch Kerkhof. Church of England people were for many years buried in 
the latter, though the Church of England register was separately kept. This cemetery is in itself a visible 
memorial of the time when GaUe was the point of call for steamers, for the majority of inscriptions in it refer to 
persons who were merely passers by and had no connection with the Island. In fact, GaUe was so well known 
as a point of call that it is generally referred to in early British times and untU later outside the Island as " Point 
de GaUe," a -name under which the town was unknown to the Dutch. Nowadays no one in th.e Island talks 
of it as " Point de GaUe." The burial register dates from 1815, and opens with some burials at Jaffna. The 
earUest burial registered at Galle is dated April 30 in 1817. Until 1844 they took place at the Dutch Church or at 
the Dutch Burial Ground, and there were some burials at the latter even after that year. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

^. 646 .. Aug. 19 .. John James Sargent .. Sacredtothememoryof Major John James Sabgbnt, 

1844 late of H. M. 18th Royal Irish Regt., who died at 

Point de GaUe on the 19th August, 1844, in the 
54th year of his age, from the effects of fever 
contracted while serving in China, where he was 
also wounded in action. 
This monument is erected by his bereaved children, 
who lost in him an ever kind, affectionate, and 
much-loved father. 

His wife, Frances Matilda, died in March, 1841, at 
Trincomalee. A daughter, Matilda, aged 17, died at 
Kandy, December 22, 1842. (No inscription.) His 
eldest daughter, Catherine Anne, married Lieutenant 
William Twisleton Layard, C.R.R., August 11, 1834, 
and his second daughter, Elizabeth, married (1) 
Henry Warrington, Naval Officer at Trincomalee, 
June 3, 1839, at Trincomalee, and (2) James Sinclair^ 
M.D., on March 16, 1857, at Colombo. 

The 18th left Trincomalee for the China war by 
H. M. S. Rattlesnake on May 3, 1840. Major Sargent 
came out to Ceylon in the 58th Regiment, and in 1840,.' 
as a Captain, was holding the appointment of Staff 
Officer of Trincomalee, having succeeded Captain 
Wynn, who died in 1838, and having " effected an 
exchange into the 18th with a considerable loss to be 
able to retain it." This was on December 14, 1838. 
(" Miscellaneous Military Papers " in Ceylon Literary 
Register, vol. V., p. 3.) He and his family are the 
subject of one of William Boyd's stories, which, how- 
ever, he says, was told him by an officer at Aldershot 
in 1871. It refers to a " Capt. Sergeant of the 78th, 
who died in Ceylon, leaving a son and daughter 
entirely destitute. No one took any charge of, or 
interest in, these two unfortunate waifs, and they 
stood a very good chance of forming units amongst 
the numerous army of lapsed masses, when McDonald, 
who had been Pay Sergeant in their father's Company, 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Nome. 


646 .. 


Aug. 19 
1844 


. . John James Sargent— confd. 



( 193 ) 

All Saints' Cemetery, GaXle—contd. 

Inscription, 
took them in. hand, brought them up as the children 
of a gentleman, clothed, educated, and waited on 
them as if he had been their servant ; and when the 
son. Jack Sergeant, arrived at man's estate, interest 
was made with the Commander-in-Chief to get him 
a commission in the army. He was accordingly 
gazetted to the Ceylon Rifles, and was shortly after 
sent to China, where he and other two or three old 
Ceylon officers lost their lives in some obscene brawl 
with natives. I never heard what became of Miss 
Sergeant. Possibly she may be living in Ceylon at 
the present day." (" Days of Old in Ceylon," in 
Ceylon Literary Register, vol. VI., p. 369.) 

There is a foundation of truth in this story, but 
like all Boyd's stories a good deal of it is fiction. 
His memory, as usual, played him false in important 
details, and the editor of the Ceylon Literary Register 
remarks with respect to it : " Some strange mistake, 
or there must have been two officers of the same name." 
He, however, confirms the statement that an officer 
named Sargent went from Ceylon to China, became 
eventually " a full General, and still survives " (1892). 
As Major-General he some years ago commanded the 
forces in China. According to the same authority, 
too, the part of the story about the purchase of the 
commission is true, though the friend in need who 
supplied the money for it was " Mr. William Mae- 
Cullagh, an Irishman, a planter in Ambegamuwa " 
{Ceylon Literary Register, vol. VI., p. 369), and not 
Sergeant McDonald. Here are more difficulties, for 
there was no planter named MacCullagh in Ceylon in 
1844-45, though there was in 1846-48. To which it 
may be added that Major Sargent had two sons, who 
were school boys at Galle with Sir William Twynam. 
The elder obtained a commission in the 18th ; it is 
true that he was hit on the head with a brick in China, 
but he was not killed ; he was a wild boy, and Mrs. 
Twynam was of opinion that it woul^ do him good, 
as his own mother had not been able to manage him. 
The other joined the 95th, and was subsequently in 
the 3rd Biiffs. Sir William Twynam met him at Malta 
years afterwards, when he was thinking of retiring, 
but as it was supposed that war between England and 
France was imminent, he decided to remain. This 
fixes the date as 1859: He had been a great stam- 
merer, but was completely cured. It was he who 
became a General. 

647 . . Sept. 8 . . Gilbert Thompson . . Gilbert Thompson, Carpenter of the barque Kite, 

1850 who was killed by ^n accidental fall from an inn 

window in the Port of Galle, in the 28th year of has 
age. His attached and sorrowing friends, the crew 
of the vessel, have raised this tablet to his memory'^ 

648 .. Oct. 30 .. William Sims .. W. Sims, Esqre., CCS. , who died at Galle, aged 38 

1852 years. 

He was Police Magistrate of Galle at the time of hjs 
death. He was appointed Commissioner of Requests 
and Police Magistrate of Madawalatenna (Galagedara) , 
December 1, 1846. 

649 . . Jan. 25 . . Richard P. Gower . . Riohaed P. Gower of Tenby, Pembrokeshire, South 

1853 Wales, Chief Officer of the P. & 0. S. N. C. Service, 

aged 28 years. 

650 . . Feb. 21 . . Archibald Cunningham Lieut. A. Cunningham Graham, of the Bombay 

1853 Graham Army, son of Robert Cunningham Graham of 

Gartmore, who departed this life at Galle 

aged 27 years. Generous, high spirited, and affec- 
tionate, his early decease has been the SQurce of 
great affliction to a large circle of friends and 
relatives. 

651 .. April 1 .. Daniel White .. Daniel White, Esqre., of the Madras Civil Service, 

1853 late Collector and Magistrate of the District of 

Nellore, who died at Galle aged 43 years. 

Writer, 1829 ; Collector of Nellore, 1850. Married, 
March 13, 1834, Miss Charlotte Nicholls, daughter of 
Solomon Nicholls, M.C.S. (" Prinsep," p. 153.) 

2 D . 82-09 



( 194 ) 



All Saints' Cemetery, Galle — contd. 



Serial No. Date. 

652 . . April 15 
1853 



Name. 

Robert Henry Ryan 



653 . , 

654 . 

655 .. 

656 .. 

657 .. 

658 .. 

659 .. 



April 30 
1853 



Feb. 26 
1854 



July 23 
1854 



Oct. 6 
1854 

May 14 
1855 



Sept. 1 
1855 



May 26 
1856 



Robert William Wheatstone 
Peter Greenhalgh 

Harry Cecil Saunders 

James Nicholson 
John Rollo Prideaux 

Sophie Ernie Birch 

Francis Bell 



660 



661 



Oct. 22 
1857 



July 17 

1858 



Buxton Parker 



Thomas Davis Lushington 



662 



€63 



Aug. 22 
1858 



Aug. 23 
1858 



Philip Lovell Collyer Philips 



Robert Bridge 



Inscription. 
Died at this place Egbert Henry Ryan, Esqre., of 
the Bombay Civil Service, in the 28th year of his 
age. He was the fourth son of the Right Honour- 
able Sir Edward Ryan, late Chief Justice of 
Bengal. 

Lieut. Robert William Wheatstone, 7th Regt. 
B. N. I., aged 36 years and 4 months. Deeply 
lamented by his bereaved vnie, and universally 
regretted by all who knew him. ' 

Erected to the memory of Peter Greenhalgh, late 
Third Engineer of the P. & 0. C. S. S. Bengal, 
aged 32 years. This tablet was erected by his 
brother. 

The burial place of Harry Cecil Saunders of the 
Bengal Civil Service, who died at sea, aged 24 
years. 

James Nicholson, Merchant, Calcutta, who died at 
Galle aged 26 years. 

Lieut. John Rollo Prideaux, late of H. M. 23rd 
R. W. Fusileers, who died at Point de GaUe 
aged 20. 

Sophie Ernie, the beloved wife of Ernest George 
Birch, Esq., of the Bengal Civil Service, who died 
at Galle in the 24th year of her age. 

Francis Bell, of Calcutta, SoUcitor, Third son of 
George Joseph Bell, Professor of Scots Law in 
Edinburgh University, who died at sea on board 
the Nubia, on his way to England, aged 33. 

It seems a curious coincidence that five years later, 
viz., on September 23, 1861, there should have died 
at sea on board the P. & O. steamer Simla, on his 
way home from Ceylon, James Francis, only son of 
George Skene, Professor of Law at the University of 
Glasgow. 

Buxton Parker, Third Officer of H. Majesty's 
Steam Transport Mauritius, Son of Langston 
Parker, Esq., M.D., Birmingham, who died on 
board, aged 27 years. 

Thomas Davis Lushington, Esqre., Madras Civil 
Service, 3rd Son of the late Edmund H. Lushing- 
ton, Esqre., of Park House, Kent, and formerly 
Puisne Judge of this Colony. Died oH Point de 
Galle, aged 45 years. 

He died on board the Hydaspes. A son of his, 
H. V. Lushington, was a planter for some years in the 
Kelani Valley. 

Writer, 1832 ; Collector of Ganjain, 1858. Married, 
February 7, 1850, Mary, second daughter of Charles 
May Lushington, M.C.S. (" Prinsep," p. 91.) He 
was a brother of Edmund Law Lushington, Professor 
of Greek at Glasgow, who married Tennyson's sister 
(see " In Memoriam "), and of Sir Franklin Lushing- 
ton, the Metropolitan Magistrate. 

Edmund Henry Lushington (born July 11, 1766) 
was the son of Rev. James Stephen Lushington of 
Rodmersham, Prebendary of Carlisle, and Mary, the 
daughter of the Right Rev. Edward Law, Bishop of 
Carlisle. He married (2), April 12, 1810, Sophie, 
daughter of Thomas Philips of Sedgeley. He was 
Puisne Judge, 1802-05, and Chief Justice (acting), 1805. 

Sacred to the memory of P. Lovell Collyer 
Philips, Lieut, in Her Majesty's Rifle Brigade. 
He died at Point de Galle of Dysentery, aged 
22 years. 

He was in the 4th Battalion. 

Captain Robert Bridge, late 72nd Bengal Native 
Infantry, aged 35 years. 



( 195 



Serial No. 
664 . 



665 



666 

667 

668 

669 
670 
671 
672 
673 
674 



Date. 

Nov. 19 

1858 



April 28 
1859 



Nov. 9 
1859 



June 29 
1860 

Oct. 25 
1860 



Aug. 15 
1862 



Sept 17 
1862 



Nov. 6 
1863 



Aug. 17 
1865 



Sept. 12 
1865 



Nov. 2 
1865 



675 "•;> -Dec. '29 
1865 



676 



Jan. 27 
1866 



677 



Nov. 15 
1866 



All Saints' Cemetery, GaMe—contd. 

N*™e- Inscription. 

Alexander Lawrence Tweedie Captain A. L. Tweedib, 36th Regiment , M.N.I, eldest 

Son of Major-General M. Tweedie, Madras Army, 
who died at sea. 
He died on board the ss. Bengal, aged 38. 



Arthur Blackmore 



William Carpenter Rowe . . 

Philip William Legeyt 
William Austin 

Elizabeth Augusta Flower 
James Hume 
Mary Susanna Parker 
George Smith 

George Stretton Watson . . 
. J. H. Sonnenkalb 

Arthur Westbrooke Burton 

William Hall 



Arthur Bagley 



678 . 


. Nov. 17 . 
1866 


Richard Joseph Bro 


679 ., 


, Dec. 29 
1866 


, . Arthur James Ceely 


680 .. 


Jan. 3 

1868 


. Henry Castilla 



Akthub Blackmore, H.M.S. Purveying Department, 
youngest son of Edwabd Blackmore, Esqre., 
of Alresford, Hampshire, England. He died 
dearly beloved and deeply regretted on his passage 
home from China, aged 23 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Sir William Cabpenter 
Rowe, Chief Justice of Ceylon, who departed this 
life November 9th , 1859, in the 59th year of his age. 
He was Chief Justice, 1856-60. 

Philip William Legeyt, Bombay Civil Service, 
Member Legislative Council of India. 

Here Ue the remains of William Austin, who died at 
Galle, aged 52 years. 
(See No. 554.) 

Elizabeth Atjgitsta Flower, beloved wife of 
William Inglis, C.E., G. I. P. Railway, died at 
Gahe, aged 27 years. 

James Hume, Esqre., for many years the Senior 
Magistrate of Calcutta, who died on board the ss. 
Gandia, off the Port, in the 54th year of his age. 

Mary Susanna, the beloved wife of Will ia m C. 
Parker, E. I. Railway, Agra, who died on board 
the Gandia at this place, aged 24 years. 

George Smith, Esqr., late of Hongkong. Eldest 
son of George Smith, Esq., of Manchester. Died 
at Galle, aged 26 years. 

George Stretton Watson, of Breston, Notting- 
hamshire, England, Captain H.M. 88th Connaught 
Rangers, aged 33 years. 

J. H. Sonnenkalb, Esq., Consul of Prussia and for 
the free City of Hamburg, who died deeply regret- 
ted at Galle. 



He owned in 1851 an estate called 
Mukalana," at Mapilagama, Galle. 



■ Cooda 



Arthur Westbrooke Burton, Esq., son of the late 
E. S. Burton, Esq., ChunhiUhouse, Northampton- 
shire. He died on board the ss. Behar near this 
Island, and was buried in this place. Aged XXV. 
Years. 

William Hall, Chief Mate of the Barque Sanderson 
of Sunderland, of Newbum Hall, Northumber- 
land, who was accidentally killed by falling into 
the ship's hold while on duty in this Port, aged 27 
years. 

Erected by his affectionate mother, E. Hall. 

Lieut. Arthur Bagley, R.N. Born at Athlone, 
Ireland, 27th March, 1827. Died suddenly on 
board the ss. Nubia. This Tablet is erected by 
his sorrowing widow and other relatives and his 
late shipmates. 

Richard Joseph Browne. Born at Lisbon, Feb- 
ruary 8th, 1873. Died on board the Steamer 
Nvbia when returning home from Calcutta, and 
was interred in this place. 

Arthur James Ceely, 42nd Royal Highlanders 
(The Black Watch), aged 32. 

Capt. Henry Castilla, aged 45, who died at Point 
de GaUe, Ceylon, on his way home from China. 



( 196 ) 



All Saints' Cemetery, GsiWe—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name, 


681 .. 


Feb. 24 
1868 


. . John Nutt 



682 .. 



683 . . 



Feb. 28 
1868 



May 5 
1868 

Dec. 18 

1868 



687 



688 



689 



690 ., 



691 



692 



693 ., 



Dec. 29 

1868 



Feb. 17 
1869 



Feb. 12 
1871 



April 18 
1871 



Dec. 12 

1871 



Jan. 13 

1872 



Sept. 10 

1872 



Charles George Bury 



Christopher Edmund 
Temple 

Christopher Edmund 
Temple 



684 . 


. Sept. 5 
1868 


. . George Shield 


685 . 


. Dec. 19 

1868 


. . Fran90is Stradiot 


686 . 


Dec. 26 

1868 


. . Mary Anne King 



George P. Thompson 



John Black 



Samuel Stanhope Wyrill 



Francis Chadwick Corbet . 



William Hovarden Thacker 



JIames Hayward 



Henry M. Myers 



Inscription. 
John Nutt, late of Shanghai, China, \dio died on 

board the P. & 0. Co.'s Steamer China, aged 

29 years. 
This monument is erected by a few of his intimate 

friends in China. 

Chaelbs George Bury, Anningkande Estate, 

Ceylon. 
This tomb is erected by his sorrowing relations. 
In 1861 he was on Raxawa estate, PanwUa. 

Christopher Edmund Temple. Born 26th Septem- 
ber, 1841 Also his only child, 

Christopher Edmund. Bom 26th November, 
1868. 

Also a stained glass window to the memory of the 
former in All Saints' Church. 

He was a son of Christopher Temple, Q.C., Deputy 
Queen's Advocate, Colombo, and was Deputy Queen's 
Advocate, Galle, at the time of his death ; married, 
on December 12, 1867, at the Cathedral, Colombo, 
Alice Anne, eldest daughter of Bishop Claughton of 
Colombo. She married (2) Sir John Douglas, Colonial 
Secretary of Ceylon, at Colombo. 

George Shield, Paymaster, H.M.S. Arcus. Aged 

27 years. 

A la Memoire de FRAN901S Stradiot, Directeur de 
Musique du Gouvemeur de Madras. Ne a Hal 
Belgique le 11 Juin, 1820, Decode, Galle, le 19 
Decembre, 1868. 

Mary Anne King, the beloved wife of Mr. Edward 
King of the P. & 0. Co.'s Service, who died at Galle, 
aged 37 years. 

Calmly she sleeps a child of God from sin and trouble 
free. Sincerely the path of life she trod. 

George P. Thompson, A.M., Interpreter H.B.M.'s 
Consulate, Swatow, China, who died ofE the Port 
on his passage from Hongkong to England, aged 

28 years. 

This stone was erecte|ti^jji,hi8 sorrowing relatives in 
Aberdeen, Scotland^; 

John Black, Esqre. Jjjjj Glasgow, who di^ at Galle 
in his 50th year. 

He founded the firm'W^iHHfcJ^sick & Op., which 
after his death was most successiulPpfeBBjdfel on by 
his widow for many years (see No. 718). 

Samuel Stanhope, Chief Officer of the Steamer 
Said, and son of Henry and Jane Wyrill of 
Scarborough, Yorkshire, England, who died m the 
Hospital at this place, aged 28 years. 

Francis Chadwick Corbet, Nav. Lieutenant, 
Royal Navy, Commanding H.M. Adventure,, who 
died on his homeward voyage on board the Behar 
off Galle aged 38 years. 

The best of sons and brothers. 

William Hovakden Thacker, Calcutta and Bom- 
bay, Sohcitor, who was ordered to Ceylon for the 
benefit of his health , and died upon his arrival at 
Galle aged 43 years. 

James Hayward, Midshipman, son of the late 
Johnson Hayward of Southville, Reading, who 
died from the effect of an accident on the ship 
Walmer Castle. 

Henry M. M^ees. Born in Cambridge, New York, 
U.S.A., February 6th, 1842. Died at Sea. 

There is rest in Heaven. 

Erected by his bereaved brother and travelling 
companion, P. V. N. Myers. 



( 197 ) 



All Saints' Cemetery, GaMe—contd. 



Serial No. 

694 . 

695 . 



Date. 
Feb. 17 

1873 

June 17 
1873 



Name. 

Charles Snow 

J. G. W. Grant Ozzard 



696 
697 

698 



Dec. 13 
1873 

March 20 
1874 



Feb. 18 

1875 



John Ward Braham 



William Adams Ridgeway 



George Justus Schrader 



699' 



700 



701 



702 



703 



Feb. 27 
1875 

Feb. 23 
1875 



March 17 
1876 

March 20 
1876 



Aug. 10 
1876 



Dec. 16 
1876 



Agnes Jessie Delmege 
Robert John Delmege 

Edward Chilner Boodle 
John Learmonth 



Frederick Augustus Barnard 
Glover 



Edward William Spenser 
Login 



704 



May 7 
1877 



Phil. Paul Goldsehmidt 



Inscription. 
Charles Snow, Son of Lieut.-Colonel P. T. Snow, of 
the Madras Army, aged 19 years. 

J. G. W. Grant Ozzard, Midshipman of H.M.S. 
Thetis. He was the eldest son of J. W. Ozzaed, 
Paymaster-in-chief, Eoyal Navy, who in the outset 
of his career was struck down by fever in the 
R«d Sea, and died on board in this Harbour, aged 
16 years. 

In Memory of our beloved son, John Ward Braham, 
Officer P. & 0. Company, aged) 25. 

Wm. Adams Ridgeway, Lieut. H.M. 1st Batn. 14th 
Regt., who died at sea, aged 26 years. This 
stone is erected to his memory by his brother 
Officers as a mark of their esteem and affection. 

The Venerable George Jtjsttjs Schrader, LL.D., 
Archdeacon of Colombo, Chaplain of All Saints' 
Church, Galle, and Bishop's Commissary. Died 
at Galle, aged 46 years. 

The Venerable George Justus Schrader was the 
son of George Justus Schrader and Magdalena Eliza- 
beth Amdt, daughter of Bernard Christiaan Arndt 
and Anna Elisabeth de Niesse. 

He married at Jafina, on April 19, 1853, his cousin, 
Helena CorneHa Arndt, who died at Gampola on 
April 19, 1859. He was chaplain of Pussellawa, 
1859-61, and of Galle, 1861-75, where he was instru- 
mental in building All Saints' Church, the finest 
ecclesiastical edifice of the Anglican Church in Ceylon. 
He was a good preacher and much respected. 

The family derives from Justus Schrader of Bruns- 
wick, who settled in Ceylon about 1710. 

Agnes Jessie, fondly loved wife of E. T. Delmege. 
Esq. Bom 14th July, 1849 Aged 25 years. 

Also Robert John, infant Son of above. A beloved 
wife and an only child. 

Delmege, Reid & Co. is a well-known firm in the 
Colony. 

Edward Chilner Boodle, son of the Rev. Thos. 
and of Georgiana Frances Boodle, Vicarage, 
Virginia Water, Surrey. Born February 2nd, 1843. 

John Learmonth, who died at Galle, Ceylon, from 

Smallpox aged 47 years. 

Erected by his brother William, of Melbourne, 

Australia. 

In Memory of Frederick Augustxts Barnard 
Glover, one of the Judges of Her Majesty's High 
Court, Calcutta. Born 29th Jany., 1825. 

This Monument is erected by his sorrowing wife and 
children. 

In Memory of Edward William Spenser Login, 
eldest son of Sir John Spenser and Lady Login. 
Died at Galle. 

This was an elder brother of Rear- Admiral Spenser 
Henry Metcalf Login, C.V.O., A.D.C. to the King, 
who took part in the naval operations in the Ashantee 
war, and at Suakim in 1884-85. Sir John Spenser 
Login died in 1863. 

In Memoriam. Dr. Phil. Pattl Goldschmidt. Geb. 
in Danzig (Preussen) Den 19ten December, 1850. 
Gest. in Point de Galle, Den 7ten Mai, 1877. 

Dr. Goldschmidt was appointed for the purpose of 
collecting copies of old Sinhalese and other inscrip- 
tions in the Island and translating them, a work in 
which he was very successful, though the expostire 
led to his contracting the malarial fever from which 
he died. He published " Reports on the Inscriptions 
found in the North-Central Province" (Sessional 



( 198 



All Saints' Cemetery, Galle — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


704 .. 


.May 7 . 
1877 


. . Phil. Paul Goldschmidt — contd. 



705 



706 



707 



Nov. 6 
1877 

May 22 
1871 

Feb. 21 
1890 

Nor. 8 



Aug. 8 
1878 



Ann Blyth 

Ernest Blyth 

Mary Catherine Blyth 

Thomas Munson Barker 
Frances Ann Graham 



708 



709 



March 28 
1879 



Aug. 24 
1880 



Gilbert Laird 



Ann Cecilia Brook 



710 



711 ., 



712 



713 



July 28 
1881 



Dec. 3 
1881 



April 18 

1888 



Feb. 5 
1892 



John Stewart Cumley 



Sarah Mann Maingay 



John Richards 



Sarah Anne Maddoek 



Inscription. 

Papers IX. and XXIV. of 1875) and " Reports oa 
Inscriptions found in the North-Central Province and 
in the Hambantota District " (Sessional Paper XI. 
of 1876, republished in the Indian Antiquary, VI., 
November, 1879); also "Notes on Ancient 
Sinhalese Inscriptions " (in the "R.A.S. Journal, C.B., 
vol. VI., p. 1). 

Ann, wife of Daniel Blyth, aged 47 years ; also 
Ernest, their son, aged 4J years ; and Mary 
Catherine Blyth, their daughter, aged 25 years. 
Erected by her husband and children in loving 
remembrance. 

Daniel Blyth was for a long time Master Attendant 
at Galle. 

Thomas Mtjnson Barker aged 42. 

In the last days of the steamer lines the New 
Oriental Hotel at Galle was managed by Mrs. Barker. 

Frances Ann, the beloved wife of D. D. Graham, 
who died at Galle aged 43 years. 

Captain Donald Duncan Graham was in the Ceylon 
Rifles and subsequently in the Police. He retired as 
Superintendent of Police, Galle. This was his second 
wife, a Miss Creasy, whom he married at Galle on 
March 13, 1869; his first wife, Charlotte Hansford 
Lillie, daughter of Captain Thomas LilUe, having 
been married to him on November 12, 1845, at 
Kandy. His third wife was a Miss Parsons. 

Gilbert Laird, Master Mariner. Born 14th Jany., 
1844, at St. Margaret's Hope, Orkney, Scotland. 

Died on board the Jeanie Louttit , and is 

interred here. 

The barque called on March 29 to bury the master. 
She belonged to Mr. D. Louttit, of Wick, Caithness. 

Ann Cecilia, widow of the late Richard Brook, 
Esq., Royal Navy, and Master Attendant of Trin- 
comalee aged 72 years. 

She was youngest daughter of Jean David Rabinel, 
and married R. Brook on September 3, 1823, at 
Galle. Her sister, Ariana Maria, married at Galle, 
January 15, 1818, R. Brook's brother, George Shaw 
Brook, who was Ordnance Storekeeper at Galle, 
1818-24. A daughter of George Shaw Brook, 
Emilia, married R. J. Dunlop at Jaffna on July 6, 
1847, and the same day and at the same place her 
sister, Eliza Cecilia, married Thomas Gordon, a 
coconut planter in the Jaffna peninsula. A daughter 
of Richard Brook, Oreana, married (1) at Galle, on 
November 3, 1846, Edward Charles Elwall, M.D. , and 
(2) at Colombo, in October, 1854, Charles Patten 
Walker, CCS. 

Erected by Isabel R. Cumley, a small token in 
true love and deep sorrow to the memory of her 
attached husband John Stewart Cumley, Esqr., 
Ramang Banka, Batavia, Isle of Java, who died 
suddenly on his voyage to Europe, aged 33 years. 

Sarah Mann, the beloved wife of C. F. C. Maingay. 

She was sixth daughter of Gother Mann Parsons 
(see Nos. 209 and 241), and married Charles Frederick, 
son of Captain Maingay, R.N., on August 6, 1868, at 
Nuwara Eliya. 

John Richards, of Newport, Pern., Wales, late Chief 
Officer ss. Shakspear, who died at Sea off this 
port, aged 41 years. 

Erected by the Captain and Officers , by his widow's 
permission. 

Sarah Anne Maddock, widow of the late Henry 
Lathom Maddock, or Pallai, Jaffna, who died at 
GaUe. 

This stone is erected in loving remembrance by her 
two sons. 



( 199 ) 



All Saints' Cemetery, Galle—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


713 .. 


Feb. 5 




1892 



714 



715 .. 



716 



717 



718 



Sept. 14 
1895 



Sept. 26 
1899 



Sept. 15 
1904 

June 16 
1905 



Nov. 13 
1905 



Name. 

Sarah Anne Maddock— cowJti. 



H. Bruckshaw 



Cecilia Augusta Thornhill, 



Thomas Thompson 



Sydney Herbert Hobday 



Isabel Swinburn Black 



Inscription. 
She was the daughter of George Shaw Brook and 
Ariana Maria Rabinel, and married H. L. Maddock 
at the Fort Church, Jaffna, on April 23, 1856. He 
was on Kaddakadu estate, Pallai, which belonged to 
his uncle Sir Henry Maddock, an Indian Civilian. 

Capt. H. Bbttckshaw. Erected by the Captain, 
Officers, and Engineers of the ss. Umzint as a 
tribute of respect. 

Cecilia Augusta Thoenhill. Born 8th March, 
1845. 

. Widow of Dr. Hayman Thornhill and daughter of 
J. S. Harper, late Naval Storekeeper, Trincomalee. 
She was killed in a carriage accident. 

Thomas Thompson, 2nd Mate, ss. Katanga, aged 
30 years, who was killed by a fall from aloft 
in execution of his duty. 

Sydney Herbert Hobday, District Engineer, 
P. W. D., second son of Richard & Mary M. 
Hobday. Born at Ramsgate, England, 7th June, 
1878. Died at GaUe. 

Isabel Swinburn Black, widow of the late John 
Black, who entered into rest on the 13th Novem- 
ber, 1905. 

(See No. 688.) 



Wesleyan Chapel in the Fort, Galle, 



720 



Dec. 5 
1845 



Julia Bridgnell 



721 



Oct. 2 
1848 



Eliza Bridgnell 



722 



Sept. 18 
1851 



W. H, A. Dickson 



Julia, fourth daughter of the Revd. W. Bridgnell, 
Wesleyan Missionary, and Eliza, his wife, born at 
Matura, May 27th, 1831, died at Colombo, Decem- 
ber 5th, 1845, and buried there in the Pettah 
Wesleyan Chapel near the remains of her sister, 
Anne Amelia, where both rest till " The dead shall 
hear the voice of the Son of God and shall come 
forth absent from the body present with the Lord." 
Erected by her bereaved and sorrowing parents. 
Sudden as o'er the sky a cloud is spread. 

Death swept over Julia from our weeping sight , 
As a flower cut down, a shadow fled, 

Her spirit passed away and all was night. 
To Him who burst the iron of death, 

And op'd the wide eternal gate of heaven. 
Strong in our love but stronger in our Faith, 
We gave her back who but awhile was given. 
Here lies (all that was mortal of) Eliza Bridgnell , 
the faithful, afEectionate, and much-loved wife of 
William Bridgnell, Wesleyan Missionary, born 
February 17th, 1810. 

The Rev. William Bridgnell was in Ceylon, 1822- 
49; died 1858. He published "An English Gram- 
mar in Sinhalese and English" and " A Dictionarj^, 
Sinhalese and English," 1847. 

In memory of the late Rev. W. H. A. Dickson, 
Wesleyan Missionary of South Ceylon, who died 
at Madras on the 18th of September, 1851, aged 
25 years. A few friends at Galle, where he spent 
the last years of his faithful and laborious ministry, 
have erected this tablet as a memorial of his 
exemplary piety and devotedness. > 

"The names ofRichardStoup(No.417)and William 
H. A. Dickson, both of whom died young, are still 
fragrant as the perfume of the na tree." (" Jubilee 
Memorials," 1814-64, which contains a copy of the 
inscription, p. 216.) 

After a residence in the Island of less than five years 
he removed to Madras, where he died. He was in 
Ceylon from 1846. 



( 200 ) 

St. Mary's Cathedral, Galle. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

723 . April 8 . . Stephen Charles Vanderstraaten in lovtng memory 

1854 OF 

Dec. 29 . . Harriet Frances Vanderstraaten Stephen chaeles vandbestkaaten 

1°^® CEYLON CIVIL SERVICE 

DIED AT GALLE 

ON THE 8th April, 1854 

AGED 49 YEARS 

AND OF HIS WIFE 

HARRIET FRANCES 

DAUGHTER OF THE LATE 

DR. BRYAN O'CONNOR OF LONDON 

DIED AT JAFFNA 

ON THE 29th DECEMBEEr, 1846 

AGED 35 YEARS. 

FEAR NOT, FOE I AM WITH THEE. I WILL BRING 
THY SEED FROM THE EAST, AND GATHER THEE 
FEOM THE west; I WILL SAY TO THE NOETH, 
GIVE up; and TO THE SOUTH, KEEP NOT BACK; 
BEING MY SONS FEOM FAE, AND MY DAUGHTEES 
FEOM THE END OF THE EARTH. ISA. XLIII., 5, 6. 

Stephen Charles Vanderstraaten was the son of 
Vincent William Vanderstraaten and Anna Wilhelmina 
Thomasz, and grandson of Engelbert Vanderstraaten 
of Singen (Baden), who came out in 1742 in the ship 
Rynsburg, and Susanna Thysz of Colombo. 

V- W. Vanderstraaten was for many years Registrar 
of the Supreme Court. His brother, Pieter Lodewyk 
Vanderstraaten, was Sitting Magistrate of Jayela, 
between Colombo and Negombo, 1816-18, and at 
Negombo, 1818. Four of V. W. Vanderstraaten's 
daughters married Englishmen: Eliza Catherina 
married John Comyns Bulkley, Assistant Surgeon, 
16th Regiment, at Colombo, June 7, 1821 ; Anna 
Maria Catherina married James Carroll, Royal Irish 
Regiment, at Colombo, November 14, 1838 ; the fifth 
daughter, Antoinette Helena, married C. Beling at 
Colombo, October 28, 1839 ; the sixth daughter, 
C. M. L. , married H. Exshaw Smith, third son of 
Major Haddon Smith, July 27, 1835 ; the youngest 
daughter, Eugenia Lucretia, married T. St. George 

C. R. Thompson, Ordnance Department, at Colombo, 
November 18, 1839. 

724 . . April I . . Benedict Martin, O.S.B. . . Hie Vitas Resurrectionem Expectant Defleti E. 

1876 Cari Cineres Benedicti. Martin. Sodalis Domo 

Hispan 0. S. B. qui Sacra Expeditione Ad Vige- 
simum Aiuium Strenue Perducta Catholicam 
Fidem Hac In Insula Docuit Auxit Firmavit 
Templum Deo iEterno In Honorem Magnse Jesu 

D. N. Matris Impensa Cura Erigi Jussit Majora 
Proponens Kal Apr MDCCCLXXVI ^t Ann Lxi. 
Pie Obiit Ut Vixerat Anima Desideratissima Si Te 
Coeli Incolam Habeant Nostrum Memor Esto Qui 
Titulum Perdolentes Ponimus. 

This inscription is on the slab over the grave inside 
the church. Over the main entrance outside is the 
following : — - 

R. P. Benedictus Martin Apost. Miss. Monachus 
Benedictinus Compostellse Ex villa Garcia De 
Campos In CasteUa Veteri Apud Hispaniam Phi- 
lipi — Nis Insulis Peragratis Subsidia Comparans 
Ecclesiam Hanc A Fundamentis Erexit Pergrati 
Galle Catholici Pro Patri Hoc Memoriale Dicare 
Voluerunt. 

A.D. 1873. 

He was a native of Villa Garcia .de Campos in Old 
Castille, and was a Benedictine of the monastery at 
Campostella in Galicia. 



( 201 ) 



St. Mary's Cathedral Cemetery, Galle. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


725 .. 


May 11 
1867 


.. William O'Brien 



726 ., 

727 .. 

728 .. 



Feb. 9 
1871 



June 4 
1871 

Dec. 13 
1871 



D. Rafael Uriz 



Joseph-Louis le Fauelieur 

Anne Maria Clementine 
Young 



729 



Jan. 17 

1877 



J. 6. Martial Louvain 
Pesecheloche 



730 



March 12 
1881 



John Kenneth Moran 



731 



Jan. 23 

1884 



William A. Coulter 



Inscription. 

William O'Brien, late Captain Royal Bengal 
Artillery, died at Point De Galle on the 11th of May, 
1867 , aged 28 years. This tablet was erected to his 
memory by his affectionate brother Jambs O'Brien, 
Ballinalachen, Co. Clare, Ireland. 

Captain O'Brien fell out of a window of the Oriental 
Hotel on May 10. He was said to be a relative of 
General Sir Terence O'Brien. 

The inscription is rapidly becoming illegible. 

Aqui Yace D. Rafael Uriz Capn Mercte Espanol. 
FaUecio 9 Pebr. 1871. 

Here lies D. Rafael Uriz, Captain of a Spanish 
merchantman, died, &c. 

Ici Repose Joseph-Louis le Fatjcheur, Ne Le 21 
Septembre 1839 Decede Le 4 Juin 1871. 

Anne Maria Clementine, wife of William 
Mandilhon Young, daughter of P. H. Chermont, 
died at Galle. Aged XXXVIII years. 

The particule nobiliaire is absent on the stone. 

Anne Maria Clementine de Chermont was the 

daughter of Prosper H. de Chermont and 

Gottelier. Her sisters, Celine, Auralia, and Eurania, 
married Robert BuUer Young, James Hawke, and 
Alfred Gottelier, respectively. ProsperH.de Chermont 
was a relative of Prosper de Chermont, Conunandant 
of the French forces at Pondicherry, where he died on 
September 13, 1793. The Commandant had a son, 
Prosper Lubin de Chermont, who died at Pondicherry, 
October 4, 1793, aged 18 months. 

Pax. — J. B. Martial Louvain Pesecheloche. 
Ne a VUle Franche D' Aveyron Franchoe le 26 
Octobre , 1 842 . Decede a bord — de la Galissioniere . 
"Franchoe" is evidently a mistake for "France." 
The following is from a Geographical Dictionary of 
1887 : — " ViUe Franche de Rouergue, chef lieu 
d'arrondissement du department do 1' Aveyron a 56 
kilometres ouest de Rodez, au confluent de I'Alezon 
et de I'Aveyron. 

John Kenneth Moran, aged 44. 

Rest, beloved, ne'er forgot ; 

Though bereaved, I murmur not ; 
Bending to the Almighty's rod, 

I resign thee to my God. 

He was brought ashore ill from a steamer three days 
before his death. 

In. memory of W. A. Coulter, died at Galle, 
aged 35 years. 

His sister was the wife of J. W. Daveran, who after- 
wards changed his name into Brskine. 



BADDEGAMA. 
Baddegama Church. 

Consecrated by Bishop Heber on September 25, 1825, which event is commemorated by a tablet in the 
church. Baddegama is 12 miles from GaUe on the Gindura river. It is 7 mUes from Hikkaduwa railway 
station to Halpatota ferry, which is three-quarters of a mile from the Baddegama resthouse. It was at Badde- 
gama that Greorge Winter established the only sugar estate in Ceylon that has lasted. 

Date. Name. Inscription. 

July 14 . . Robert Mayor . . In memory of the Rev. Robert Mayor, the founder 

1846 of this Station, and by whose exertions this church 

was buUt, who after nearly ten years of faithful 
labour in this country, was compelled by the loss 
of his health to return to England, when he after- 
wards became successively Rector of Coppenhall 
and Vicar of Acton in the county of Chester, at 



Serial No. 
732 . 



JU £i 



82-09 



( 202 ) 

Baddegama Church— contd.. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


732 .. 


July 14 

1846 


. . Robert Ma,yor—contd. 



Inscription, 
which last place he died in perfect peace on the 
14th of July, 1846, aged 55. His friends in 
Ceylon erected this tablet as a tribute of their 
affectionate remembrance of his character and 
labour. 

Mr. Mayor was one of the first Church Missionaries 
who arrived in 1818 (see No. 460). 

While at Baddegama Mr. Mayor had a son, the 
Rev. John Byton Bickersteth Mayor, of St. John's 
College, Cambridge, born January 28, 1825, who 
became Professor of Latin at Cambridge in 1872, 
and author of several classical, philological, and anti- 
quarian works. He died December 1, 1910. Another 
son, born there in 1828, Rev. Joseph Bickersteth 
Mayor, was Professor of Classics at King's College, 
London, 1870-79. Mrs. Mayor was Charlotte, 
daughter of Edmund Bickersteth of Watton, and 
she was married to Mr. Mayor at St. George's, 
Everston (Liverpool), on September 4, 1817. 

" At Baddegama, the Church Missionary Station, 
arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea, L.) is extensively 
cultivated, and the natives are greatly indebted to the 
example originally set them by the Rev. Messrs. Ward 
and Mayor for the introduction of this invaluable root 
into culture in this district." (Bennett, p. 360.) 

" In August, 1819, the late Rev. Robert Mayor 
(father of Professor J. E. B. Mayor, of Cambridge) 
left Galle, at that time the chief town of Ceylorf, where 
he had been working for some time, and settled in a 
large village, named Baddegama, some twelve miles 
off Having obtained a free grant from Gov- 
ernment of a large hill on the banks of the beautiful 
Gindara river, he quickly set to work to clear the 
jungle and level the top of the hill. He soon built 
a house and a large schoolroom, both of which are 

in use to this day In February, 1821, the 

foundation stone of a large church was laid. The 
building was put up partly by private subscription 
and partly by a grant given by the Governor, 
Sir Robert Brownrigg, who took a warm interest 
in it. By February, 1823, the church was nearly 
finished. Some idea of the difficulties overcome in 
its erection may be gathered from the fact that 
700 lb. of gunpowder were used in blasting out the 
foundations alone. The missionaries comment on 
the generosity of the Government in sparing so 
much of this material, although an insurrection was 
going on in the Kandyan Provinces at the time. On 
March 1 1th of the same year the church was formally 
opened by the Archdeacon in the presence of a large 
congregation, amongst whom were the chief Govern- 
ment officials and their families from Galle, and Sir 
Richard Ottley, the Chief Justice, who presented the 
communion plate to the church. 

" There was no Bishopof Colombo in those days, and 
it was not till September, 1826, that the Bishop of 
Calcutta, the saintly Reginald Heber, visited this 
outlying part of his huge Diocese. On Saturday, the 
24th, the Bishop, with Mrs. Heber, reached Badde- 
gama, and on the Sunday the Bishop consecrated the 
church and afterwards the burial ground. Almost aU 
the European residents from Galle and a great number 
of natives were present. The Bishop preached from 
Gen. xxviii., 16, 17, and in the afternoon confirmed 
thirteen persons. Just before embarking at Goalie, on 
his return to Calcutta at the end of the month, the 
Bishop wrote to his friend, the Vicar of Shawbury, 
in Shropshire, Mr. Mayor's father, telling of his visit 
to his son. It gives one some idea of the tremendous 

separation of Anglo-Indians in those days 

to learn that before these letters reached England 
the good Bishop had received his home-call on 
April 3rd, 1826, at Trichinopoly, in South India. 

" In later years Baddegama became one of the most 
famous missionary and educational centres of the 
Island, and to-day amongst the Sinhalese upper classes 
throughout Ceylon may be found many in every walk 
in life who themselves or their fathers were educated 
here. But with the transfer of the official and com- 
mercial centre from Galle to Colombo, nearly seventy 



( 203 ) 



Baddegama Church — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


732 ., 


July 14 
1846 


. . Robert Mayor— cojifrf, 



733 



734 



April 18 
1866 



1819 



George Parsons 



C. M. S. Missionaries 



Inacription. 
miles north, a great change must have come over the 
work, and although it is still vigorously carried on, 
the former glory of the station has been eclipsed by 
newer institutions 

" The old church in its simple beauty remains a 

monument to the zeal of Robert Mayor The 

edifice, after nearly one hundred years of this 
destructive climate, stands in sore need of repairs 
to its woodwork. The stone fabric will probably 
never need any serious repairs. It is splendidly built, 
of solid granite masonry." (Guardian.) 

Repairs to the woodwork have since been carried 
ovit. 

Sacred to the memory of the Revd. Geobgb Parsons, 

who departed this life April 18, A.D. 1866. Aged ■ 

41 years. 
This tablet was erected by the Singhalese Christians 

of this district, in remembrance of his Labours 

among them for a period of 16 years. 



In Memoriam. 



Rev. R. 
Rev. B. 
Rev. G. 
Rev. G. 
Rev. H. 
Rev. C. 
Rev. G. 
Rev. J. 



Mayor 

Ward 

TrimneU 

Faught 

Powell 

Greenwood 

Parsons 

AUcock 



1819 to 

1820 to 
1828 to 
1828 to 
1839 to 
1841 to 
1849 to 
1869 to 



1828 
1828 
1845 
1836 
1843 
1850 
1866 
1883 



whose faith follow. 



Baddegama Churchyard. 



735 



736 



737 



738 .. 



Nov. 17 
1830 

Feb. 3 
1835 

June 9 
1836 

June 21 
1850 



Sept. 27 
1868 



Susan Margaret Faught 

Marcus Steers Faught 
Godfrey Steers Faught 

Charles Greenwood 
Lydia Septima Bowman 



739 



April 1 
1875 



George Walter Winter 



740 
741 



Oct. 12 

1883 

Nov. 30 
1886 



Alfred Oetavius Winter 



William Haverstoek Curtis 



Susan Margaret, infant daughter of the Rev. G. S. 
Faught and Anne, his wife. Aged 12 days. Born 
Nov. 5, A.D. 1830 

Marcus Steers, youngest son of the Rev. G. S. 
Faught and Anne, his wife, aged 6 months, born 
August 3, 1834, and also of his infant brother 
Godfrey Steers, born March 19th 

Sacred to the memory of the Revd. Charles Green- 
wood, Church Missionary, Baddegama, who was 
drowned whilst bathing in the river, June 21st, 
1850, aged 37. 

Lydia Septima, wife of Havebstock Hodsoll 

Bowman, born August 1st, 1834 1868. Also 

in memory of Hayerstock Hodsoll Bowman. 
Born March 28th, 1833. 

Lydia Septima was the daughter of George Winter 
and Sarah Cressy. She was married to Mr. Bowman 
at Baddegama on January 6, 1858. 

Mr. Bowman married (2) Adelaide Bourbon 
Hayley (born April 10, 1838), the daughter of 
Thomas Harrop Hayley of Castleford, by his first 
wife Juliana Robinson. Thomas Harrop Hayley was 
the son of William Hayley and Catherina Harrop. 

Li memory of George Walter Winter, son of 
George and Sarah Winter, born in Mauritius, 
Oct. 24, 1825, died at Baddegama ..... 

(See No. 556.) 

He was gazetted Writer in the Civil Service, March 
13, 1846, but seems to have left it immediately, as 
there is no record of his having received any subse- 
quent appointment. 

Alfred Octavius Winter. Born 10th June, 

1836 

Son of George Winter and Sarah Cressy. 

In loving memory of William Hayerstock, first born 
child of Steuart & Anne Curtis. Born 6 Sep- 
tember, 1883. Drowned 30 November, 1886. 

S. Curtis married a Miss Bowman. The Bowmans 
were partners of the Winters in the sugar estate. 



( 204 ) 



AMBALANGODA. 

There is an old Dutch building on the side of the road in front of the Resthouse — ^the church at Ambalan- 

goda "a poor barn-like building, which travellers between Colombo and Galle must frequently gaze upon, 

without ever imagining that it had at any time been a place of worship. It is characteristic of the village 

churches which the Dutch bujjt a plain oblong-shaped structure with low walls all round and pillars and 

rails above. A stone slab let into one of the walls outside explains that the building was put up in 1755 by 
Adriaan Oostdyk, Opziender of the GaUe Korle. Here services were regularly held in Sinhalese by the school- 
master proponents, and in Dutch during their church and school visitations by the clergymen from GaUe 

Ambalangoda in those days was a far more important station than it is now. As the residence of civil and military 
officials, it was almost a little town. Adriaan Oostdyk, the builder of the church, was a high official in the 
Companj^'s service. At the time of its building he held the rank of a Koopman and the post of Superintendent of 
the Cinnamon Trade, an office next only to that of the Adminstrateur of the Galle Commandement. His duties 
frequently took him towards Ambalangoda, Cosgoda, and Bentota, and it is most likely that for long periods he 
had to make a temporary residence in the old Rust Huis of Ambalangoda. It is said that the floor of the church 
was paved with several tombstones of distinguished men buried within, but none of these are now to be seen, and 
the explanation given is that the floor had been subsequently raised by earth being filled in. Among those 
buried within this once hallowed, but now desecrated, place was the Count Jean GuillaumeDu Bois De Lassosay, 
who, after retiring from the Regiment of Luxemburg, of which he was the Colonel Commandant, served the British 
during the early years of their occupation of Ceylon as Sitting Magistrate of Ambalangoda." (R. G. Anthonisz, 
Ceyon Literary Register, vol. VI., p. 285.) 



■Serial No. 
742 



Date. 
1750 



Name. 

Adriaan Oostdyk 



Inscription. 
aEBOTJWD DOOE 
ADEIAAN COST 
DYK OMDERK 
EN OPS DER QA 
LE COBLA 1750. 

Translation. — Built by Adriaan Oostdyk, onder- 
koopman, Superintendent of the GaUe Corle, 1750. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., pp. 271-72.) 
Adriaan Oostdyk of Zierikzee married at Colombo, 
June 19, 1746, Maria Byl of Colombo, daughter of 
Lambertus Byl and Engaltine Ziep. Their daughter, 
Susamia Isabella (baptized at Galle, February 14, 
1751, d. Sadras, Jxme 9, 18Q8), married (1), April 1, 
1770, Major Adrianus Cornells Lever of Breda, (2), 
December 13, 1789, Isaac de Meuron de Rochat (d. 
Madras, March 22, 1800), and (3), November 5, 1801, 
Captain J. G. Gradman of the Meuron Regiment. 



MATARA. 

"Matara somewhat resembles Caltura and Negombo, but with this difference, that it has two forts, one 
on each side of the river, the walls of which are more regularly and strongly built than in either of the other 
two places, but the one on the further side of the river from Belhgam, which is the larger, has never been finished, 
and is. open towards the sea, like the earher fortifications in GaUe, and towards the river. In this the public 
buildings are situated, so that it is nearly free from aU appearance of dilapidation ; but it has a quiet about it 

that scarcely comports with the push and bustle of modem days Formerly the river at Matara was crossed 

by two bridges, without balustrades. It was then a long time without a bridge at aU, but it has now one bridge, 
well protected at the sides and covered by a roof. Near the seashore is a smaU island, round which the breakers 
roll, and further on there is a bold chff, the highest on this part of the coast." (Hardy, p. 226.) 

The last bridge referred to has now been replaced by an iron bridge, which has no roof. The chff aUuded 
to is Browne's Hill, called after John Dennis Browne, who was Assistant Government Agent of Matara in the 
forties. 

' ' In itself it is a dull enough Uttle town, -ndth hardly anything of the grand or the subhme in the immediate 
landscape to give it any title to romantic beauty. The broad NiU-wala-ganga flowing calmly and placidly 
through the town, with an occasional canoe sculled along by a single fisherman sitting at the stern and patiently 
whipping the waters ; the broad and open sea stretching far away as the eye can reach, with hardly ever a sail 
within sight to break the sharply defuied fine of the horizon ; the grim old ramparts that close it on one side ; the 
narrow streets with buildings aU of the old Dutch style ; and a population as primitive as at the date when the 
Dutch Burghers smoked their long pipes and sipped their Scheidam and went for their noonday siesta, Matara 
seems a fossil rehc cast up for the purpose of intensifying the contrast between the past and the present. But 
if the town itseU has stood stiU while everything around it was marching on, it is not altogether devoid of its own 
pecuharly quiet beauties, especiaUy to the stranger who enters its environs. Outside the fort your sight first 
alights on the Redoubt Van Byk, now desecrated with workshops, and next the broad river, fiowing lazily past 
crossed by a neat iron lattice bridge. In the days of which we write it was a wooden structure, and if not so 
elegant as the one by which it has since been replaced, it was more in keeping with the rustic beauties of the scene. 
On the north, within a tew miles of the fort, rose Nyman Kande, hke a sohtary sentinel, in the midst of an inter- 
minable plain of paddy fields ; and further on, tier over tier, the distant hiU ranges, imtU the view in that direction 
was shut out by the towering heights of the Gongalle chain, 'its northern battlement of hiUs.' Turning your 



( 205 ) 



Matara — contd. 

«yes again to the south there was the sea, a wide expanse of blue waters which stretched away until bounded by 
tne distant sky line ; while to your left, looking on from the top of the main gate, you saw the red chffs of Browne's 
■tliu, and further on Dondra Head (the Sunium of Ptolemy) thrusting its gaunt arm as if in very defiance of the 
angry surf, which every moment threatened to drown it in ocean wave." (Hardy, p. 226.) 

A- +■ -1^° town in Ceylon, not relatively ia proportion to its size but absolutely, has produced such a number of 
distinguished men as Matara," among them Governor Falck, Sir Henry Lawrence, and C. A. Lorenz. "Matara 
...... enjoyed this reputation for the intellectual superiority of her sons even in the time of the native sovereigns ; 

and though some doubt may rest on the tradition which makes it the birthplace of KaUdasa, there can hardly be 
■any that for many centuries under their own native sovereigns the men of Matara always carried away the palm 
7, , ®''*^y merit ; and even at the present day the Kandvans seem to entertain a pious reverence for the learning 
■of Matara." (Digby, vol. II., p. 217.) ■' ^ 

The Dutch Church is a plain building with round-heg^ed windows on each side, a verandah along ithe 
south side, with the entrance in the middle. It bears a date showing that it was repaired in 1769 while Daniel 
Burnat was Dessave. 



Serial No. 
743 . 



Date. 

Dec. 25 

1686 



May 19 
1687 



Dutch Church, Matara. 

Name. Inscription. 

Barbara Lambertyn . . Hier leyt begraven Babbaba Yongeung huysvrouw 

van den oppermeester Lambertus Lambeetyn, 
overleden den 25 December out 22 jaren. Anno 
1686. 



Bernardus Lambertyn 



744 



Oct. 4 
1703 



Gabriella Sehepmoes 



745 



Nov. 17 
1709 



Pieter Christiaansz Bolscho 



746 



June 29 
1711 



Isaac Weyns 



747 



Aug. 7 
1737 



Frans Willem Talk 



Anno 1687 den 19 Mey is desselfe soontje Beknabdus 
Lambeetyn overleden out 3 maenden en 5 dagen. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 255.) 

Lambertus Lambertyn was a native of Deventer. 

He married, secondly, Constantia Mooyaart, bom at 

Matara, February 25, 1673, the daughter of Anthony 

Mooyaart of Amsterdam, surgeon, and Maria Durhee. 

Hier leyt begraven Gabbiella du Tbamblay huys- 
vrouw van den Dessave Am. Schbpmoes. Geboren 
op Colombo den 6 December, Ao. 1663 : obyt den 
4 October Ao. 1703. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 255; vol. XVIL, p. 25.) 
Gabriella du Tramblay was married to Abraham 
Sehepmoes on- May 9, 1677, and was perhaps the 
sister of Louis du Tramblay, Captain of the Burgery, 
Colombo, who was married to Francisca Carvaly and 
had a son, FeUx, baptized at Colombo, May 25, 1681. 
Abraham Sehepmoes was a native of Rotterdam, 
having come out in the ship 't Wapen van Rotterdam. 
He died in 1718. He was Dissave (Colombo), 1703; 
Chief of Simiatra (Westkust), 1705-1707; and Com- 
missioner of Marriage Causes (Batavia), 1718. 

Hier onder rust de Hejer Pieteb Chbistiaansz Bols- 
cho in syn leven oppercoopman eii sekunde des 
Gaals Commandent. Geboren Ao. 1649 tot Odense 
in Denemarken en alhier den 17 Novemb Ao. 1709 
overleeden oud 60 jaren. 
(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 254.) 

Bolscho was Dessave of Matara, 1707. (Valentyn, 
p. 333.) 

Hier onder leyt het leyk van den Hear Isaac Weyns 
in syn leven oppercoopman en Dessave tot Mature 
Mitsgaders Secunde des Gaalse Commandements. 
Geboren den 15 Mei 1655, overleden den 29 Juny 
1711, oud zynde 56 jaren 1 maand en 16 dagen. 
(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 254.) 

Isaac Weyns was marrie'd to Johanna Henrietta 
Collard van Lynden of Delft, whose tombstone is in 
the Dutch Church, Galle. He was Fiscaal (Banda), 
1696-97; Chief of Lonthoir, 1697-1701. Therewasin 
Ceylon one Sophia Vfeyos, of Haarlem, who was 
married (1) to Jan van Dam, boekhouder, and (2) at 
Colombo, June 19, 1712, to Michiel Panneel of Middel- 
burg, Fiscaal of Colombo. 

Ter lofEehcker gedagtenisse van D. Heer Mr. Fbans 
Wdllem Falk in zyn E. leven oppercoopman en 
dessave van Mature, een man voortreflyk door zyn 
geboorte en deugd als andere goede hoedanigheden, 
weggeruckt door de doot die niemand verschoont 
in den bloey van zyn dagen, als zynde gebrn. tot 
Keulen den 7 December 1710 en overleeden tot 



( 206 



Dutch Church, ^ataia—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


747 .. 


Aug. 7 
1737 



Name. 

Frans Willem Falk — contd. 



Inscription. 



748 



1756 



An infant daughter of 
Jan Bauert 



Mature den 7 Augustus 1737, oud ses en twintig 
jaren, agt maanden en een dag. Hier rustende 
ter zaligen opstandinge. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., pp. 238, 239, 255 ; 
vol. XVII., pp. 20, 25, 47, 68.) 

Frans Willem Falk (of Keulen) was the son of 
Lieutenant-Colonel Otto Willem Falk and Constantia 
Margarita Meinertshagen. He was married at 
Colombo, MayS, 1735,to Adriana Gobiusof Samarang, 
the daughter of Johan Frederik Gobius, Governor of 
Malacca, and Margarita Elisabeth He5men. Otto 
Willem Falk was bom on August 4, 1659, and died 
at Utrecht on December 26, 1730, being the son of" 
Tammo Falk, born 1621, died 1697. 

Arms. — Gules, a falcon essorant, or. 
Crest. — A falcon as in the arms. 

Ter gedagtenisse van het jong gebore dogtertje van^ 
den opperkoopman en Dessave van Mature De E.. 
Heer Jan Baueet, den 27 September, 1756, 
geboren en kort na dies geborn. overleeden. 
(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 255.) 

Jan Bauert was a native of Trepto (Mecklenburg). 
He was Lieutenant and Chief of the Fort of Kalutara, 
and for some time Dessave of Matara, and married at 
Colombo, September 29, 1744, Catharina Berghuys 
of Galle, daughter of Dirk Berghuys and Adriana 
Swinnas. His other children were : — 

Dorothea Adriana Bauert, baptized at Kalutara, 
1745. . 

Wilhelmina Elisabeth Bauert, baptized at Colombo, 
December 3, 1747. 

Julius Valentyn Bauert, baptized at Colombo,- 
February 16, 1749, married there, October 27, 1771, 
Maria Magdalena Potken, daughter of Gabriel Willem 
Potken and Henrietta Huberta Racket of Jaffna. 



749 . . Dec. 7 . . Johannes Ferdinandus 
1758 Crytsman 



Ter gedagtenisse van De E. Heer Johannes Perdi- 
NANDTTS Crytsman, oppercoopman en Secunde 
van 't Gaals Commandements mitsgs. Dessave 
deser Landen. Geboren te Colombo den 17 April 
anno 1709, overleden den 7 December 1758, oud 
49 jaren 8 maanden en 20 dagen. 

Beati sint in Domino morientes. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., pp. 232, 256, 286; vol. XVIL,. 
pp. 17, 26.) 

Arms. — Party per fess; (1) party per pale (a) a 
double-headed eagle displayed, (6) a swan nageant ; 
(2) argent, a man proper, holding in his dexter hand 
a sabre, and in his sinister a bouquet of flowers. 

Crest. — A man as in the shield. 

Johannes Crytsman of Breslau was perhaps the 
brother of Louis Crytsman of Breslau , who married at 
Colombo, Jiuie 27, 1692, Isabella Christiaans of 
Colombo. Johannes Crytsman was Commissaris of 
the Arecanut Department, Colombo. He was fivfr 
times married. The name of his first wife is unknown. 
His second wife, whom he married at Colombo, May 
22, 1695, was Simonia van de Rondewerken. By her 
he had a son, Johannes Christiaan, boekhouder, who 
married Laurentia Dominious, daughter of Cornelis 
Dominious and Johanna Herding, daughter of Hen- 
drik Herding of Zutphen and Florentina Bosgaert of 
Rotterdam (widow of Lieutenant Jacob Pietersz de 
Vos). His third wife, whom he married at Colombo, 
June 15, 1698, was Elisabeth Roelants, daughter of 
Dominious Roelants of Ghent and Maria Perez of 
Colombo. His fovuth wife, whom he married at 
Colombo, November 6, 1701, was Rachel Hogerlinde. 
His fifth wife, whom he married at Colombo, May 25, 
1708, was Gertruida de Haan, daughter of Jan de 
Haan of Dordrecht, Fiscaal of Colombo, and Alida. 
Brouwer of Amsterdam. Johannes Ferdinandus 
Crytsman was a child of this marriage. He was twice 
married: (1) at Colombo, May 15, 1735, to Josina 
Jacoba Wjoibergen of The Hague, and (2) to Anna. 
Gertruida Laiu'entsz of Colombo. 



( 207 ) 



Dutch Church, Matara— conic?. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


750 .. 


Aug. 7 
1777 



Name. 

Plantina Johanna de Moor 



Inscription. 

Ter gedagtenis van de jonghe JufEer. Plantina 
Johanna de Moor. Gebooren te Mature den 
10 den November, 1774. Overleeden den 7 den 
Augustus anno Domini 1777. 
(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XVII., p.' 41.) 
Plantina Johanna de Moor was the daughter of 
Pieter Arent de Moor and Christina Gertruida van 
Coeverden. Pieter Arent de Moor, baptized at 
Colombo, Noi^ember 18, 1744, was the son of Arent 
Pietersz de Mdor, Fiscaal, Colombo, bom 1711, and 
Agnita Maria Bierens. Arent Pietersz de Moor was 
the son of Pieter de Moor of The Hague and Johanna 
Obrak. A sistei; of Plantina Johanna de Moor was 
Johanna Plantina de Moor, the wife of Jean David 
Rabinel. 



751 



May 8 
1793 



Carl Jonas Tranehell 



Carl Jonas Tranohell, Geb. den 11 February, 
overl. den 8 May, 1793. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 255; vol. XVII., p. 25.) 

Arms. — Only the crest of the TrancheU arms is here 
given. The arms are . argent, on a chevron gniles, 
three escallops argent. 

Crest. — A crane. 

Motto. — Quisque suae fortmise faber. 

Johannes Tranehell, a native of Romelanda 
(Sweden), was born there in 1754, his parents being 
Per Tranchelius and Brita Maria Ring. He was 
Consul in Ceylon to King Gustavus Adolphus IV. of 
Sweden, and married at Colombo, November 14, 1784, 
Maria Magdalena Sieverts of Colombo, who died at 
Trincomalee, May 14, 1818, and was the founder of 
the family in Ceylon. Carl Jonas was a child of this 
marriage. Of his sons, the elder, Pieter Cornells 
Johannes, died as Sitting Magistrate of Weligama 
on October 31, 1828, at Galle. The other, Gustavus 
Adolphus, died as Lieutenant-Colonel of the Ceylon 
Rifles at Trincomalee on Junf 1, 1867. Of his 
daughters, Maria Wilhelmina Sophia married on 
February 9, 1807, at the age of siixteen, Lieutenant 
George William Stewart of the 19fct Regiment, who 
afterwards became Major and Postmiaster-General of 
Ceylon ; Anna Elizabeth married ( 1 ) , on November 4 
1809, at the age of fifteen, at Matara, Captain Adam 
Tate Gibbons, who was a merchant at Trincomalee, 
of the firm of Neill and Gibbons, in 1804 and later; 
and (2), W. Thomas Stannel; Cecilia Charlotte was 
the wife of Charles Skeane. Mrs. Stewart died at 
Boulogne in 1866. Joharmes Tranehell died on July 
7, 1807, at Jaffna, where he was then Provincial 
Judge (see No. 317). 



752 



Jan. 6 
1802 



George Lawrence 



Herelieth the body of George Lawrence, aged two 
years eight months and twenty- three days, son of 
Captain Lawrence of H. M. 19th Regt. of Foot 
January 6th, A.D. 1802. 

This was an elder brother of Sir Henry Lawrence, 
who was born at Matara in 1806 ; of John, 1st Lord 
Lawrence, who was born at Richmond in Yorkshire 
in 1811; of Sir George Lawrence; and of Major- 
General Richard Charles Lawrence, C.B., Resident of 
Nepaul and Deputy Commissioner of the Southern 
Hill States, who died in 1896. Lieutenant Alexander 
Lawrence, who had married Letitia Catherine Knox 
in 1797, was gazetted " Captain-Lieutenant " iij the 
19th Foot from the 77th Foot, AprU 17, 1800, and 
was Commandant at Matara, 1802-05, and at Galle, 
during the absence of Lieutenant-Colonel Logan 
at the war, ui 1803. He left Ceylon with his family 
by the Lord Hawkesbury in March, 1808, and was 
afterwards in command of the Depot at Richmond 
and at Ostend in the Waterloo campaign, and died 
at Chfton (Major, 4th Garrison BattaUon, 1812). 
If Mrs. Lawrence used to talk of her boys as her 
" Matara diamonds " as the Ceylon tradition relates, 
they were George and Hemy, not " Henry and 
John. ' ' The baptismal register of St. Peter' s Church , 
Colombo, shows that Captain Lawrence had the 



( 208 ) 



Dutch Church, Matara — contd. 



Serial No. 

752 



Date. 

Jan. 6 

1802 



Name. 

George Lawrence — contd. 



753 



March 15 
1804 



John Henry Ludovici 



754 



Aug. 14 
1807 



Frederick Mylius 



Inscription. 

following children " received into the church " oa 
Febraary 14, 1808 :— 

(1) Letitia Caroline, born on January 6, 1802. 

(2) Alexander William, born July 1, 1803. 

(3) George St. Patrick, born March 17, 1805. 

(4) Henry Montgomery, born June 28, 1806. 
The last named became Sir Henry Lawrence. It 

is to be noted that his eldest daughter, named above, 
was born on the day that his eldest son, the subject 
of this inscription, died, and that his name George was 
given also to the third son. 

Captain Alexander Lawrence is thus described by 
Lieutenant-General Sir J. J. McLeod-Innes, R.E.,. 
V.C., in Ms book on " Sir Henry Lawrence, ther 
Pacificator" (Clarendon Press, 1898) : " a veteran of 
Seringapattam, who had passed through a career of 
hard service, wounds, and privations, a typical son 
of Derry, strong, brave, resolute, peculiarly simple- 
minded, and conscientious ; characteristics of which 
he left the inheritance to his large family of sons and 
daughters." 

A son of Major-General Richard Lawrence, 
Brigadier-General R. C. B. Lawrence, C.B., was 
recently in coromand of the Forces in Ceylon. 

Sacred to the memory of John Heney Ltjdovici, 
late Garrison Surgeon of Matura, born in Amster- 
dam on the 19tli of May, 1765. Died at Mature, 
on the 15th of March, 1804. 

Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord. 

This tomb is in the vestry. 

He was the son of Lourens Ludovici of Markt- 
Elbach and Johanna Margareta Elsebeen Westerhof 
of Furstenouw, and was baptized at Amsterdam,. 
May 13, 1765. There is evidently some mistake about 
the date- of birth or baptism. His diploma is dated 
1780, and the date of birth given in the inscription 
would therefore make him fifteen at the time he 
received it. He was then Third Chirurgyn, and he 
must have come out with that rank. 

He was Assistant Surgeon of the Malay Regiment 
at Matara in 1800. 

He married at GaUe, June 17, 1789, Gertruida. 
Rudolphine Hofiman, born November 22, 1772, 
daughter of Christoffel William Hoffman of Berlin, 
bom October 11, 1747, and of Johanna Marguerita- 
MeurUng of GaUe, daughter of John MeurMng of 
Vestervik in Sweden and of Cassander Pietersz. J. H. 
Ludovici had nine children, the youngest of whom, 
also called Johan Hendrik, was the father of Leopold 
Ludovici, editor of the Ceylon Examiner and com- 
piler of " Lapidariiim Zeylanicum." This J. H. 
Ludovici married Sophia Veenekam, a daughter of 
Lieutenant Carl Lodewyk Veenekam, who was in the- 
British service. 

Sacred to the memory of the late Febdeeick Baeon" 
Mylius , Judge of the Provincial Court of Point GaUe ,. 
Matura, etc., born at Stuttgard on the 18th May,- 
1762, deceased at Matura on the 14th August, 1807- 

Friedrich (Heiru'ich) Baron Mylius was the son of 
Ernst Heimlich Baron Mylius and Benedikte Elisabet 
Bohm. He was a Lieutenant successively in the^ 
Artillery, Hussars, and in the Wurtemburg Regiment 
before he entered the Civil Service. He married on 
May 11, 1788, Agnes Clara van der Graaff , daughter of 
CorneUs Jacob van der Graaff, Governor of the Cape,- 
towhom he was A.D.C. , and Hester Cornelia Reynet. 
She was therefore the niece of WiUiam Jacob van der- 
Graaff, Governor of Ceylon. His children were : — 

(1) Henry Jacob Theobald, died young. 

(2) Loms Fran9oise Georgiana Frederica, died 

young. 

(3) Alfred, Captain, C.R.R., born at Frankfort,. 

May 8, 1793, died at Colombo, April 3,. 
1829, married August, 1827, Sarah, 
daughter of Colonel Joseph Swinburne,. 
83rd Regiment. 

(4) Adriana Sophia, born Jime 24, 1794, married. 

Lieutenant G. F. Dick, 1st Ceylon Regi- 
ment, on June 30, 1810. 



( 209 



Serial No. 
754 . 



Date. 

Aug. 14. 

1807 



Dutch Church, Matara — contd. 

Name, 

Frederick Mylius— cow«rf. 



755 



May 21 
1813 



Alexander Maepherson 



756 



April 28 
1818 



French Gray 



21- 



Inscription. 

(5) Carl August Etienne, born at Celle (Hanover). 

(6) Henrietta Maria Wilhelmina, born January 

28, 1797. 

( 7 ) Johan Christiaan Theobald , bom at Colombo , 

1798, died at Kandy, April 20, 1843. 

(8) Frederick Aletta, born March 1, 1800, mar- 

ried at Colombo, November 12, 1821, 
General George Macdonald {Captain 16th 
Foot, 1821). 

(9) Jacomina Clara, born October 2, 1801, mar- 

ried at Colombo, June 8, 1818, John 
William Carrington, CCS. 

(10) George Frederick, bom May 18, 180.3, at 

Colombo. 

(11) Robert Dekesnay Rodney, Major, C.R.B., 

bom June 1, 1804, married Eliza Gray. 

(12) Lambert Twistleton, bom April 10, 1806. 

He was Fiscal, Colombo, and President of the 
Pisoal's Coiu"t, 1799, and was appointed "Sitting 
Magistrate for the space between the Galle Gate and 
the Tamarind Tree," November 3, 1802 ; Coroner 
of Colombo (in addition), November 21, 1804; Sitting 
Magistrate of Colombo, June 12, 1805, succeeding 
Thomas Farrell ; " President of the Court of Justices 
to be held twice a month at Caltura, July 13, 1805 ;" 
Provincial Judge, Galle and Matura, November 20, 
1805. He was also Registrar of Lands, Colombo, and 
' ' President of the Board of Native Commissioners 
in the District of Colombo " from February 27 to 
November 20, 1805. On September 16, 1799, he 
wrote to Government suggesting that slaves, as at 
the Cape, be sent to the Fiscal for punishment, and 
that their own masters be not allowed to punish them, 
as "in many houses the slaves are very ill-treated. 
Also that no woman be sold without her husband, 
nor father and mother without their children." 

Bennett has a somewhat invidious reference to 
Baron Mylius' appointment to the Civil Ser ace. See 
also a reference to him in " Sir Thomas M. itland," 
by W. Frewen Lord. 

Arms. — Per fess, argent and or : a fess gules t itween 
three roses proper, ranged fess-wise, in chief, & .d the 
lower half of a mill-wheel, sable, in base. 

The crest is not distinguishable, but should be a 
grifSn issuant. 

He died, according to the Gazette, "after a short 
illness." In a Gazette Extraordinary of August 21, 
1807, a notice was published intimating that moneys 
levied in execution not having been paid in due time 
to the individuals entitled to the same, " all indi- 
viduals having claims of this' nature on the Provincial 
Court of Galle and Matvu-a " were "to deliver the 
same to J. W. Carrington, Esq., or the Acting 
Provincial Judge of Matura." Carrington eventually 
married a daughter of the Baron's. 

To the memory of Capt. Alexander Macpheeson , of 
his Majesty's First Ceylon Regiment, late Com- 
mandant of Tangalle, who died on 21 May, 1813. 
Aged 35 years. 

Lieutenant Alexander Maepherson, 47thRegiment, 
was gazetted Captain in Champagne's Regiment (1st 
Ceylon Regiment), March 26, 1806. 

lie was Commandant of Tangalla at the time of 
his death. 

Sacred to the memory of French Gray, late a Cap- 
tain in His Majesty's 1st {sic) Ceylon Regt., aged 
39 years, who departed this life at Matura on the 
28th day of April, A.D. 1818, in consequence of 
a fever contracted at Kattragam while in the 
zealous discharge of his PubUc Duty, leaving a 
disconsolate widow and six children of tender years 
to deplore their irreparable loss. He was a good 
husband and an affectionate father and a warm 
friend. Weep not, he is not lost but gone before. 

Ensign French Gray of the 66th Regiment was 
gazetted Lieutenant in the Malay Regiment, vice 
Baptist J. Young, deceased, on September 15, 1804. 
He was Commandant of Batticaloa in 1813. 

82-09 



( 210 ) 



Dutch Church, Matara — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


756 .. 


April 28 . 
1818 


. French Gray — contd. 



Inscription. 

He married, on January 6, 1807, at Jafina, Ursula 
Theodora Mooyaart, bom at Jaffna, October 12, 1784, 
died there, December 13, 1847, the daughter of Wouter 
Christoffel Mooyaart and Cornelia Anthonia Dormieux , 
and granddaughter of Anthony Mooyaart, Comman- 
deur of Jaffna, and Elizabeth Ursula Woutersz. His 
son, French Gray, married at Jaffna, December 3, 
1840, Susan Jane Warburton, the daughter of 
Lieutenant Cosby Warburton by his first wife. Cosby 
Warburton married secondly Arabella Cope Burleigh, 
born 1813, died s.p. April, 1848, daughter of Dr. George 
Burleigh, M.D., Police Magistrate of Kayts, and 
Rebecca Kingsley. Captain French Gray's daughter 
Sarah married Robert RusseU, Assistant Staff 
Surgeon, on February 1, 1826. His daughter Caro- 
line married Henry Smith, Ceylon Rifles (?), at 
Jaffna Fort Church, January 10, 1833. 



rial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


757 .. 


Oct. 20 . 
1810 


. Carl Johan Elsenhanz 



758 



Oct. 26 
1811 



Anthonetta Maria Theodora 
Ehrhardt 



Dutch Cemetery, Matara. 

" The old burial ground seems to be neglected very mucli, and those gentlemen who are carrying out the 
duties of elders and deacons of the Dutch Reformed Church should be ashamed of themselves to see the last 
resting place of their fathers and forefathers left neglected." (A Colombo resident writing in Ceylon Literary 
Register in 1890, vol. V., p. 122.) The same is true to-day. The entrance has been built up; the only access to 
the burial ground is by climbing the wall. 

Inscription. 
Hier rust Gael Johan Elsenhanz zoon van den 
Lieutenant MiUtaire HoU. dienst Cakl Fbed. 
Elsenhanz. Geboren den 22 Jan. , 1784, overleed 
20 Oct., 1810. 

{Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., _p. 274; vol. 
XVII., p. 65.) 

Carl Frederik Elsenhanz of Bernhausen was 
married at Matara, May 5, 1792, to Maria Theresia 
de Leeuw, born 1776, daughter of Pieter de Leeuw 
and Anna Maria Gosen. Carl Johan Elsenhanz was 
their son. 

Hier legt ter rust het lyk van den overledene Jufvouw 
Anthonetta Mabla Theodoea Deybeet, echt- 
genoot van den Eerw. Heer J. S. R. Ehehaedt. 
Gebooren den 13 Juny, 1779, overleedt den 25 
October, 1811. Oud zynde 32 jaaren 4 maanden en 
22 dagen. Zalige zyn de doode die in den Heere 
sterven van nu aen zo zegt de Geest op dat zy 
rusten mogen van hunnen arbeid. 
(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 273.) 

Anthonetta Maria Theodora Deybert was born at 
Jaffna, and married at Galle, August 10, 1805, Johan 
Pieter Mattheas Ehrhardt of Langenzaltz (Thuringen). 
She was the daughter of Johan Godfried Deybert of 
Amstad (Schwarzbm-g, Sonderhausen), Captain of 
the Jagers, Trincomalee, and Euphrosine Elisabeth 
Baptist of Colombo. Her brother, Jacob Bernard 
Deybert, was baptized at Colombo, December 14, 
1774, and died at Batavia, February 23, 1808. He 
received his education in Holland, and came out to 
the Indies in 1791 in the ship Vasco de Oama as a 
Marine Cadet, and was Administrator of the Iron 
Magazine at the time of his death. He married at 
Batavia, March 5, 1800, Johanna Wilhelmina Lette 
of Ley den. His great-grandson Jan Fredrik Christiaan 
Deybert is a Captain of the Artillery in the service of 
the Dutch East Indies. 

Ter gedagtenisse van den Heer Johan Philipsz 
Woutbesz, Negotie overdrager, geweest in de 
Edele Hollandsche dienst op Mature. Overleeden 
April 4, 1828, oud 78 jaaren. 



759 



April 4 

1828 



Johan Philipsz Woutersz 



( 211 ) 



Dutch Cemetery, Matara — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


759 .. 


April 4 
1828 


. . Johan Philipsz Woutersz 

contd. 



760 



June 30 
1854 



James Dunbar Robertson. 



Inscription. 
Translation. — To the memory of Johan Philipsz 
WouTEESz, who was Negotie-overdrager in the Hon. 
Dutch Service in Matara. Died 4 April, 1828, 
aged 78 years. 

Johan Philipsz Woutersz was the uncle of Maria 
Theresia de Leeuw, wife of Carl Frederik Elsenhanz 
(see No. 757). 

In memory of James DimBAR Robeetson, late 

District Judge of Matara, who died on the 30th 

June, 1854, aged 42 years. 
This monument is erected by a few of his affectionate 

relatives in token of their regard and esteem for 

him. 

J. D. Robertson married at GaUe, June 9, 1834, 
Wilhelmina Magdalenade Vos, bom October 17, 1810, 
daughter of Johannes Andreas de Vos and Johanna 
Gerrardina Kryger. 

He was PoUce Magistrate at Gampola from 
October 1, 1845, and must be the Magistrate referred 
to by WiUiam Boyd in his " Autobiography of a 
Periya Durai," in not too flattering terms. He was 
District Judge of Tangalla in 1846. At the time of his 
marriage he was Government schoolmaster at Galle. 



The Cemetery, Matara. 



761 



Oct. 20 

1887 



Fannie Catherine Hopkins . 



Sacred to the memory of FAinsriE Catherine, the 
dearly beloved wife of Edward Francis Hopkins, 
C.C.S., Dt. Judge of Matara, and daughter of 
Charles John Battersby, Esqr., Cramlyn, Cy. 
Westmeath, Ireland. 

She fell asleep October 20, 1887. 

Mr. E. F. Hopkins, B.A., Trinity CoUege, Dubhn. 
was in the Civil Service^ 1874-1907, retiring as 
Government Agent, Eastern Province. 



St. Thomas's Church, Matara. 



762 



Dec. 8 
1900 



Walter Bayly 



To the glory of God and in memory of Walter 
Bayly, some time Reader of this Church, bom 
14 June, 1873, died 8 Dec, 1900, this screen 
was erected by his Ceylon friends. Consummatus 
in brevi exflevit tempora multa. Sap. iv., 13, R.I. P. 

He had been for eight years in the New Guinea 
Mission. 



Palliyawatta, near 107th milestone on the road from Matara to Tangalla 

763 Anril 2 . . Si man de Li vera 



April 2 
1795 



Ter eere van Lienne Siman de Livera. 

4/1795/2. 



obit 



From the name Palliyawatta it seems hkely that 
there was a Dutch church or school here. 



( 212 ) 



TANGALLA. 
Old Burial Ground. 



This is just outside the wall of the fort, now the jail, 
Serial No. Date. Name. 

764 . . Dec. 29 . . Charles William Lewis 
1816 Roberts 



Inscription. 
Sacred to the memory of Captain Chas. Wm. Lewis 
Roberts, of H. M. 2nd Ceylon Regiment, who 
departed this life on the 29th December, 1816. 
Aged 42 years. 

He was Commandant of Hambantota at the time of 
his death. He was appointed, while 2nd Lieutenant, 
to the command at Tangalla, February 1, 1811 ; 1st 
Lieutenant, March 17, 1811 ; to have the colonial 
rank of Captain and to command the Malaj' and 
Sepoy invahds stationed at Hambantota and PaHtoo- 
pane ; and to be Staff Ofl&cer of the Mahagampattoo 
district, November 16, 1814. 

Captain Roberts was son of Edward Roberts, said 
to have been a Magistrate of Preston, Lancashire, by 
hiswifeMary Ensor. He married, about 1792. Nancy 
Hamilton Lever, daughter of Richard Lever by Alice 
Hamilton, his wife, supposed to be a descendant of 
the 3rd Duke of Hamilton. He had many brothers, 
one being a Captain in the Royal Artillery. He had 
seven daughters and one son : the eldest daughter, 
Maria, born December 25, 1793, m^arried James 
Scratchley, Surgeon, R.A. : she died July 18, 1857 
(see No. 307) ; the second, EUza, born 1797, married 
Captain O'Shea, 19th Regiment (see No. 310); the 
third daughter, Nancy, died unmarried ; the fourth, 
Jane, born in 1803, died in 1893 at Croydon ; the 
fifth, Charlotte, born 1805, died in 1893 at Southsea; 
the sixth, born in 1809, married Alexander Acheson, 
and died at Croydon in 1884. Their daughter, 
Georgina Adelaide, married Mr. Charles Crow of 
Croydon. The youngest daughter married the Rev. 
J. Smith of Aberdeen. The son, Edward James 
William, born in 1810, died in 1894 at Toronto, 
Canada. A son of his survives. 



On the Bund of the Ennipitiya Tank. 



765 



April 15 
1819 



Maria Dorothy Altendorf . . 



Here alas, lays buried under 

Prom Soul and Spirit asunder 

The Body 

of Lady 

Mabia Dorothy Ketblhack, 

Who was in her hfe 

A most pious wife 

During twenty years marriage 

To 

Mr. Lawrence Peter Altendorf, 

Chief Clerk of the Katchery 

. of Tangalla. 

Born at Cochien on the 8th of 

July, A.D. 1767. 

And expired the 15th of April, 

A.D. 1819, 

At Tangalla. 

This epitaph is e\ddently the composition of a 
Dutchman, iraperfectly acquainted with English ; 
hence the peculiar phraseology and the use of the 
word " Lady " for " Mrs." 

Lawrence Peter Altendorf, baptized at Galle on 
June 16, 1771, married Maria Dorothy Ketelhack 
(widow of Lieutenant Coint) on November 29, 1799. 
He was the son of Johannes Altendorf and Adriana 
Dorothea Durven, and grandson of Marten Lodewyk 
Altendorf of Berlin, and Maria Jansz. 



{ 213 ) 
HAMBANTOTA. 







Esplanade. 


Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


766 .. 


Aug. 7 


. . Henry John St. John . . Sa 



Inscription. 
I to the memory of Henry John St. John, 
1821 Esquire, late of his Majesty's Civil Service in 

Ceylon, third son. of Lieutenant-General the 
Honourable Frederick St. John, and nephew of 
Earl Craven and Lord Viscount BoLmGBROKE 
and St. John, who died at Paltoopane of a bihous 
fever on the 7th August, 1821, aged twenty-three. 
Most deeply regretted by his numerous friends and 
acquaintances. In Celo Quies. 

This monument is opposite the Assistant Govern- 
ment Agent's x'esidence, and close to it is another 
grave without inscription. They have probably 
given rise to the saying that at Hambantota the only 
prospect the Assistant Government Agent has from 
his house is the graves of his predecessors, though 
the same has been said of Mullaittivu. At the latter 
place, though there is a graveyard in front of the 
Assistant Government Agent's house, none of his 
predecessors is buried in it. 

H. St. John was on a shooting excursion. He had 
but recently arrived in Ceylon, and was appointed 
Assistant to the Collector on February 1 , 1821. " The 
many amiable traits in his character and disposition 
had already acquired him the goodwill and regard of 
all who knew him and the friendship and attachment 
of his more immediate intimates. He can be remem- 
bered by the former as the gentleman in every act of 
his short career among them, while his constant cheer- 
fulness, great obligingness of disposition, and the 
Kberal character of his sentiments and conduct will 
long preserve in the recollection of the latter the 
loss they have sustained in his death." (Oazette, 
August 14, 1821.) 

A younger brother, Charles, of Henry's father and 
of the third Viscount Bolingbroke and St. John had a 
grandson, Henry Craven St. John, Captain, R.N., who 
married a daughter of J. S. Rodney, CCS. 



The Cemetery, Hambantota. 

767 . . March 31 . . James Speedy . . Sacred to the memory of Jambs Speedy, Esqr., 

1861 Staff Assistant Surgeon, who departed this Ufe 

on the 31st of March, 1861, aged 24 years. This 
monument has been erected by his brother officers 
and a few other sincere friends in token of their 
affectionate regard and esteem. 

Ho died " after an illness of four days' remittent 
fever, before Dr. Loftus could reach him. He was 
much esteemed by the people of Hambantota." 
(Colombo Observer.) 

768 . . June 20 . . Eliza Katherine Steele . . In loving memory of Eliza Katherine, the beloved 

1875 wife of Thomas Steele, who died June 20th, 

1875, aged 32. 

Thomas Steele, C.C.S., Assistant Government 
Agent, Hambantota, married Elizabeth Katheriae, 
daughter of Captain Jolly, at St. Paul's, Kandy, 
on June 8, 1865. Another daughter married Sir 
William Kjmsey, late Principal Civil Medical Officer. 
Thomas Steele was the third son of William Steele, 
author of " The Beauties of Gilsland " and poems, 
and was born at Walton, near Brampton, Cumber- 
land, on May 27, 1834. He was educated at Croft 
House School. 

"In 1856, on the first throwing open of Civil Service 
appointments to competitive examination, he was 
nominated by Lord Taunton and obtained a place 
in the Civil Service of Ceylon. He sailed for Ceylon 
on September 4th, 1856. He retired on pension in 
1876. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


768 .. 


June 20 . 
1875 • 


. Eliza Katherine Steele 



( 214 ) 

The Cemetery, Hambantota— cowfe?. 

Inscription. 

-contd. " While in Ceylon he held tho appointments of 
District Judge at Chilaw; Assistant Government 
Agent at Kurunegala and at Galle; Magistrate and 
Commissioner at Kandy, in the Central Province ; 
Assistant Government Agent of Hambantota. 

"In 1871 he published a metrical version of the 
' Kusa Jatakaya, an Eastern Love Story ' (Messrs. 
Trubner and Co.), a poetical legend of one of the- 
incarnations of Buddha, one of the m.ost attractive 
works in the whole range of Sinhalese literature. 
Mr. Steele also published in 1871 a volume of original 
poems entitled ' Under the Pahns ' (Messrs. Samp- 
son, Low, Marston and Co.). 

"Mr. Steele was instrumental in bringing under 
administrative control and regulating the number of 
pilgrims attending the yearly pilgrimage to Katara- 
gama, which, for a long series of years, had been too 
frequently the source and disseminating means of 
spreading cholera, smallpox, and other destructive 
diseases over the whole of Ceylon and Southern. 
India. The changes made have had the happiest 
effects in reducing disease. 

' ' He took an active part in promoting the formation 
and restoration of the large irrigation works at liirama 
and Tissamaharama. 

" Mr. Steele was twice married, his first wife being 
Miss E. K. Jolly, eldest daughter of Captain John 
Keith Jolly, H.E.I.C.S., of Farieland, Kandy, at on© 
time member of the Legislative Council of Ceylon ; 
and his second. Miss Hellen Stavert, daughter of 
A. Stavert, Dykecrofts, Liddlesdale, a near relation 
of the distinguished family of Malcolms of Burnfoot,. 
Langhobn. 

" Mr. Steele was proprietor of Friarsgarth (where he 
resides), of Scaur Estate, Irthington, and Bracken- 
bank, on the banks of the river Eden, above Wetheral, 
all in Cumberland, for which county he was a 
Justice of the Peace." (Abridged from " The 
Biographer," 1895.) 

769 . . Dec. 1 . . Arthur Heberdea Baker . . Sacred to the memory of Authub Hebbeden Bakeb,. 
1892 son of John Gaulai^d Bakee of Mahagastotte, 

Nuwara Eliya, born August 30, 1849, died 
December 1st, 1892. 

John Garland Baker and his wife are buried at 
Nuwara Eliya. He was a brother of Sir Sam.ueL 
Baker. 



( 215 ) 



JAFFNA. 
Dutch Church. 

"This church is, in point of date, the oldest of the existing ecclesiastical edifices of the Dutch in 
€eylon. It was erected in 1706— nearly half a century previous to the building of the churches at Wolvendaal 
and Galle— during the administration of the Honourable Adam van der Duyn, Commandeur of Jaffnapatam. 
The architect and builder was Martinus Leusskam, who is described in an old family record as Baas Landmeter 
m the Company's Service at Jaffnapatam, i.e., chief of the Survey Department, with rank of an onderkoop- 
man. The resident clergyman was the Rev. PhiUppus de Vriest, and the following formed the Consistory : 
Arnout Mom, Alexander Ravens, Jan Lodewyk Stomphius, Marten Anthonisz, Jan Marten Verdonk, and 
Louis Verwyk." (R. G. Anthonisz in "Journal of the Dutch Burgher Union," vol. II., p. 99.) 

" The date over the main entrance is 1706 ; but an older building probably occupied this site, as the 
-church contains tombstones of, inter alia, 1666, 1672, 1673, and 1693 let into the floor, and no doubt in situ. 

" The Portuguese church, according to the plan of the fort in Baldseus's book, stood near the opposite 
corner of the fort gresn, so that the Dutch would seem to have built a church on a different site, and this 
church was either rebuilt or a new church built in 1706. The present church possesses the beU of its Portu- 
guese predecessor, bearing the legend of ' N. S. dos Milagres de Jafanapatao' (Our Lady of Miracles of 
Jaffnapatam) and the date 1648. The bell was until repently in the beKry, but has been removed into the 
vestry for better preservation. Sketches of the exterior and interior made by the German geometrician and 
traveller Heydt in 1733 show what the church was hke in that year, and their fidelity derives corroboration 
irom some water-colour drawings made by a Dutchman, 0. Steiger, in 1760, which are preserved in the Rijks 
Museum at Amsterdam. The church is little changed at the present day. Both artists repisesent the lantern 
as having externally a balustrade carried on the walls at the spring, capped with eight stone or cement balls 
at the corners, and the roof of the lantern is more high-pitched than it is at present. The disappearance of 
these two features is a decided loss to the building, the lantern now being too squat to be effective. 

" The details of the belfry are rather different, but this may be due to the artists having not paid much 
attention to copying their exact form. 

" The interior, too, is much the same. The pulpit is now what is known as a chaUce pulpit ; but the 
•shaft or column on which it stands is of different workmanship from the rest of the pulpit, and the old 
engravings show that originally the pulpit was attached to the wall. The sounding-board is the same as it was, 
suspended by a twisted iron rod. 

"The present organ gallery, which is of wood, seems to have been erected at the same time as the 
alteration in the pulpit was made. The organ in Heydt's time, stood on a platform supported by stone pillars 
at the west end, but in 1760 there was a stone platform at the end of the north transept. The window here has 
been built up. We need not, however, regret the substitution for the original gallery of the present wooden one, 
seeing that it has given us the quaint carved and painted panel on which is represented King David, very bald, 
harping on his harp and glancing between whiles at the Psalm book resting on a reading desk of the eighteenth 
■century, on the open page of which is displayed the beginning of a psalm written in the Greek language and 
alphabet 

" The Commandeur's pew, which is at the angle of the chancel and south transept opposite the pulpit, 
has been somewhat altered, and so have the stalls next to it. Both Heydt and Steiger depict the former with 
twisted columns, which have since been replaced by rounded ones with capitals. It and the stalls are of 
different Ceylon woods, the mouldings of the latter being ebony. These stalls are of typical Dutch outhne, 
surmounted by shells carved in ebony. 

' ' There are stalls of plainer pattern the whole length of the western walls of the nave and transepts. Some' 
of the wooden hat pegs and of the iron brackets for lamps or candles still remain, and there is a wooden peg 
on the front panel of the pulpit on which the precentor, before seating himself in the desk below, used to hang, 
just above his head, his firee-cornered hat. 

"The doors have large iron hinges, bolts, and handles of Dutch pattern ; that of the Commandeur's pew 
is of brass on a brass plate of artistic design. 

" A curious external feature is the staircase leading up the wall and over the gable of the north transept 
to the west gable, and up this gable to the beffry. 

" It should be added that the interior was to some extent re-arranged when, in the earher part of last 
<;entury, English services were held in it. A platform with altar rails was erected at the east end, and a font 
supplied at the west. It is probable that there were originally stalls against the east wall, in accordance with 
the Dutch fashion. The church is now the property of the Ceylon Government ; but with the permission of 
Crovernment services are occasionally held in it." (J. P. Lewis in Architectural Review, August, 1907.) 

Inscription. 

. . Hierrust Maegaeita Romans, gewesene huysvrouw 
van den Predikant Bartholomeus Heynen. 
Obiit 27en Augusti anno 1666 out 18 jaeren. 
(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XVIH., p. 395.) 

This stone was found in 1904 beneath the masonry 
flooring of the Commandeur's pew. A portion at the 
top had been cut off to make it fit in. 

Margarita Romans was born at Batavia, being the 
daughter of the Rev. Johannes Romans of Haarlem, 
Predikant, Batavia, and Maria, the daughter of 
Hendrick Pot of Amsterdam, whom he married at 
Batavia, November, 1647. Johannes Romans was the 
son of Adriaan Romans , a shopkeeper of Haarlem . He 
died in 1668. Bartholomeus Heynen was born at 
Paraiba (Brazil) in the year 1644, and was Prediliant 
at Jaffna in conjunction with the Rev. Phihp Bal- 
daeus. He died in 1686. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


770 .. 


Aug. 27 
1666 


Margarita Heynen 



( 216 ) 



Dutch Church, Jaffna — contd. 



Serial No. 

771 . 



Date. 

Aug. 15 

1672 



Name. 

Joris Hartsinck 



77: 



Sept. 1 
1672 



Marten Huismans 



Inscription. 
Hier leyt begraven JoRis Hartsinck in syn leve» 
ondercoopman in dienst der Vereenigde Neder- 
lantse Oost-Indische Compe. Overleeden den 15 
August, 1672. Oud 29 jaren. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XVni., p. 394.) 

Arms. — Barry wavy of 6, azure and argent ; on a 
chief gules, a orescent or. 

Orest. — A Hon issuant, proper, holding in his dexter 
paw a thorn branch vert. 

This stone was also discovered in 1904 beneath th& 
flooring of one of the two sets of stalls probably set 
up in English times in the " chancel" of the Dutch 
Reformed Church. 

Vorsteman van Oyen (Stam en Wapen boek van 
aanzienlyke Nederlandsche Famihen) says that the- 
family derives from Pieter Hartsinck, who married in 
1403 Francyn Pietersz. Their son Adriaan married 
Soetj© Coster Marytje, daughter of Adriaan^ 
married Hugo Willemsz. The son of this marriage, 
Willem Hugens, assumed the name and arms of the 
Hartsinck family. He was the great-great-grand- 
father of Joris Hartsinck, who received the name of 
Joris from his grandfather, who was Burgomaster of 
Meurs. The parents of Joris were Carel Hartsinck, 
Director-General of the Dutch Indies (died 1667), and 
Sara de Solemne, the half-sister of Ester de Solemne, 
the wife of Rycloff van Goens (senior). Governor of 
Ceylon. 

Hier onder Jongen Marten leyt 
Een lely van Huismans stam gemelt 
Vier Maenden was syn levens tydt 
En twintich dagen meer beschreyt. 
Obiit 1 Sept., Ao. 1672. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 258; vol. XVH., p. 27.) 
Marten Huismans, bom at Jaffna, was the son of 
Marten Huismans of Rotterdam, Director of Bengal, 
and Magdalena Chasteljm, and grandson of Antony 
Huismans of Rotterdam and Lea van Waesberg. Ho- 
was therefore the xincle of Catharina Magdalena 
Huismans, wife of Governor Gustaaf Willem Baron 
van Imhoff. 



773 



Sept. 23 
1675 



Barent van Sehuylenburg 



Hier legt begraven Barent van Sohuylenbitrg, in 
syn leven Capiteyn ten dienst der E. Compe. 
Overleden den 23en September, Ao. 1675. 

Wat leven erft. 

Vergaet en sterft. 

(i^id.. Vol. XVin.,p. 67.) 

Arms — Or, three crampons, sable. 

This tomb was discovered by the compiler in 1904 
under the wooden platform erected at the east end in 
British times to serve for the sanctuary. The officer 
it commemorates was in command of the garrison 
of Mannar in 1665. It consisted of 78 Germans. (See 
" Instructions from the Governor-General and Council 
of India to the Governor of Ceylon," 1656-65, pub- 
lished at the Government Printing Office, Colombo, 
1908, p. 106.) 

Barent van Sehuylenburg was the father of Anna 
van Sehuylenburg of Jaffna, who mamed, in 1715, 
Otto Cloot of Dordrecht, born 1662, died as Com- 
missioner of Marriage Causes, Batavia, in 1733. Otto 
Cloot was previously married to Mechteld Hagemans. 
Their daughter, Gerardina, was the wife, firstly, of 
Marten Huismans, born Jaffna, 1673, died Batavia, 
1708, the son of Marten Huismans and Magdalena 
Chastelyn ; secondly, of Pieter van Hoorn, widoweifof 
Magdalena Huismans , the sister of her first husband ; 
thirdly, of CorneKs van Bynkershoek, the great Dutch 
judge and jurist. Gerardina Cloot was therefore the 
aunt of the wife of Governor van Imhoff. 



774 



Sept. 22 
1679 



Laurens Pyl 



Hier leyt begraven Laurens Pyl een jonge zoontje 
vandenHeere Commandeur Laurens Pyl, geboren 
den 4en Mey en overleden den 22en September,. 
1679. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 257 ; vol. XVH., p. 26.) 



( 217 ) 



Dutch Church, Jaffna — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


774 .. 


Sept. 22 
1679 


. Laurens Pyl— cow«cZ, 



775 



Feb. 12 
1693 



Susanna Blom 



776 



July 30 
1693 



Gerardus van Rhee 



777 



July 3 
1694 



Floris Blom 



778 



April 6 
1705 



Francois van de Sande 



779 



Nov. 7 
1705 



Barta Augustin 



2g 



Inscription. 
Commandeur Laurens Pyl was a native of Amster- 
dam, and came out as a hooplooper, i.e., in 
expectation of getting office under the Company, in 
1654, in the ship de Vreede. He married Johanna 
van Dielen of Haarlem, by whom he had, besides 
Laurens, a daughter, Gysberta, born at Jaffna, 
married at Colombo, December 7, 1690, Claas Alebos, 
Dissave of Colombo. 

Hier leyt begraven JufEr. Susanna Sebbingiers, 
huysvrouw van d. Hr. Commandeur Flobis Blom, 
gebooren tot Haarlem den 26 February, 1669, en 
gestorven tot Jaffanapatnam den 12 Febr., 1693. 
Fui quod es 
Sum quod eris. 
(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 257.) 

Floris Blom was a native of Zaandam. He married 
secondly, Susanna Serringiers at Colombo, January 
27, 1686, his first wife being Adriana Alebos. 

Dese sark bedekt het en laetste overschot van 

Gbraedtjs van Rhee wiens ziele rust by God. 
Geboren tot Nagapatm. den Sen Augusto Ao. 1670, 
overleden 30 en July, Ao. 1693, oud 22 jaren 11 
maanden en 27 dagen, in zyn leven boekhouder. 
{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 258.) 
Arms. — (Van Rhee) already blazoned. 

Gerrardus van Rhee was the son of Thomas van 
Rhee of Wyk-by-Duurstede, Governor of Ceylon, 
and Henrietta van Kriekenbeek of the same town. 
Thomas van Rhee was probably the son of Captain 
Willem van Rhee (Artillery), died at Wyk-by- 
Duurstede, March 10, 1667, by his wife Margarita 
van Hengst, born at Wyk-by-Duurstede, December 
12, 1598, died there April 28, 1667. 

Hier rust de Commandeur Flobis Blom, geboren tot 
Sardam anno 1651 den 27 October en alhier over- 
leden den 3 July, 1694, out 42 jaaren en 8 maan. 
{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 256; vol. XVII., p. 26.) 

Arms. — Azure, a swan argent, beaked gules, 
between two water lilies (?) and nageant in a water, 
argent. 

Crest. — Three ostrich feathers. 

These arms are the dexter impalement of the chief 
on the arms of Pieter Florisse Bloni, Vice-admiral, 
seventeenth century. They were, according to 
Rietstap (Armorial General) : coupe au 1 parti : 
(a) d'azur a un cygne d'arg. bq. de gu. nageant sur 
une eau d'arg.: (6) d'arg. a un navire de trois mats au 
nat. pavillionn6 de gu. la poupe a sen. soutenu 
d'une mer d'arg. : au 2 de gu a trois canettes d'arg. 
nageantes sur une mer du meme. 

Floris Blom of Saandam married (1) Adriana 
Alebos, and (2) Susanna Serringiers. (See No. 776.) 

Onder dese sark rust den Eerwe. Heer FBAN901S van 
DE Sande in syn leven geweest bedienaer des 
goddelyken woorts van de gemeynte Jesu Christi, 
alhier overleden den 6en April, Ao. 1705, hebbende 
geleeft 39 jaren 7 msenden en 20 dagen. 
(/6*ci., vol. XV.,p. 261.) 

Arms. — Argent, 3 trefoils gules. 
Grest. — A trefoil as in the arms, between a pair of 
wings gules. 

Frangois van de Sande sailed for the Chamber 
"Amsterdam" as Predikant in the Banibeek. He 
arrived at Batavia on November 22, 1700, and was 
sent to Ceylon, July 17, 1702. 

Hier onder legt en rust Babta Beckeeing huysvrouw 
van den Coopman en administrateur Atjgusttjs 
Augustin, overleden den 7 November, Ao. 1705, 
op Saturday, out synde 56 jaaren ses maenden en 
29 dagen. 

[Ihid., vol. XV., p. 216.) 

82-09 



( :il8 ) 



Dutch Church, Jaffna — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


780 .. 


May 22 
1727 


Swem Anderson 



781 



Feb. 10 
1729 



Arnold Moll 



782 



Oct. 25 
1731 



Elbregt Brengman 



783 



April 28 
1737 



Jurriaan Potken 



Inscription. 
Swem Anderson van Stockholm in desselts leven 
Commandeur van 't coningryck Jaffanapatnam, 
oud 60 jaren en 6 maenden en in den Heere gerust 
den 22en May, Ao. 1727. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 262; vol. 
XVn., p. 28.) 

Arms. — A naermaid issuing from the sea and 
holding in her dexter hand a trident directed down- 
wards. 

Crest. — A peacock's feather. 

Swem Anderson married (1) at Colombo, June 12, 
1695, Agnita Stuart of Colombo, and (2) at Colombo, 
April 22, 1707, Maria Munster, born September 
10, 1676, widow and third wife of Hendrik Nicolaas 
Hesse of Ulm (Thuringen). Hesse married (1), Feb- 
ruary 3, 1686, Johanna Margarita van den Veen, 
and (2) at Colombo, August 3, 1687, Susanna 
Magdalena Mooyaart. 

Hier onder rust 't lyk van den Wei Edelen Heer 
Arnold Moll, in desselfs leven geweest Raad 
Extra- Ordinair van Nederlands India en Com- 
mandeur van het Koningryk Jaffanapatnam, 
geboren tot Batavia den 5en May, Ao. 1675, en in 
den Heere gerust den 10 February, Ao. 1729, oud 
53 jaaren 9 maanden en 5 dagen. 

(/6«"d., vol. XV., p. 257.) 

Arms. — Argent, 3 moles. 

Crest. — A mole between a pair of wings. 

Arnold Moll married Christina van Reede. He 
was probably the son of Cornells Moll, Secretary of 
the Weeskamer, Batavia. His daughter Gysberta 
Augustina, born at Colombo, April 18, 1717, died July 
16, 1740, was married to Mauritz Pasque de Cha- 
vonnes of Bergen-op-Zoom, son of Mauritz Pasque 
de Chavonnes, Governor of the Cape (1714—34). 

Epitaphium. 
Hier onder rust 't lyk van D'Heer Elbregt Breng- 
man, in desselfs leven geweest coopman en 
administrateur van Jaffanapatam, geboren tot Gale 
den 4 Maart, 1685, en in den Heere gerust den 25 
October, Ao. 1731, oud 46 jaren 7 maanden en 21 
dagen. 

(Ihid., vol. XV., pp. 251, 257, 258; vol. XVII., 
p. 27.) 

Arms. — ^Argent, a man, proper, carryiog a load . 
suspended on a pole over the right shoulder. 

Crest. — A man as in the arms. 

Elbregt Brengman, baptized at Galle, March 4, 
1685, was the son of Jan Brengman of Bremen and 
Johanna Maria Baalde. Elbregt married (1) Agatha 
Otley, and (2) Sara Moll. 

Hier leyd begraven de Heer Jtjrriaan Potken 
van Oldenzeel, in syn Eds. leeven coopman en 
Administrateur deeses JafEanapatnamsen Com- 
mandements, gebooren den 7 Augusto, Ao. 1698, 
overleeden den 28n. AprU, Ao. 1737, oud 38 
jaren 8 maanden en 21 dagen. 

(Ihid., vol. XV., p. 261 ; vol. XVH., p. 28.) 

Arms. — Quarterly: 1, argent, a pelican vulning 
herself (Muntz). 2 and 3, argent, a pot proper 
(Potken). 4, azure, a three-masted ship, or, on a 
sea, vert (Woutersz). 

Crest. — A pair of wings. 

Stone 8 feet 2 inches by 4 feet. 

Jurriaan Potken married Hester Agathe Woutersz, 
daughter of Gualterus Woutersz, Commandeur of 
Jaffna, and Hester Otl*y. She married, as widow 
Potken, Christopher Kleybert of Schwynfurt, Dis- 
save of Jaffna. 

Jurriaan Potken, Gerrardus Potken, Wilhelmina 
Potken, and Agnita Potken were children of Gabriel 



( 219 ) 



Dutch Church, Jaffna — contd. 



Serial No. 
783 ■ . 



Date. 

April 28 

1737 



Name. 

Jurriaan Potken — contd. 



784 



Dec. 13 
1737 



Iman de Jonge 



785 



May 15 
1741 



Daniel Agreen 



786 



Jan. 7 
1745 



Christopher Kleybert 



787 



March 9 
1749 



Abraham' Aarnoutsz 



Inscription. 
Potken and Agnita Muntz. Gerrardus was a Predi- 
kant in Ceylon, and died at Colombo, August 8, 1762. 
He married, (1) Sophia Magdalena Ecoma, ajgd (2), 
at Colombo, Jiine 16, 1737, Clara van Wynbergen of 
Leyden. WiUielmina was married to Jan Philip 
Stork, brother of Garrard Willem Stork, Burgomaster 
of Oldenzaal, who married Agnita Potken. Jan Philip 
Stork was the ancestor of the Stork family of Ceylon. 

Hier legt begraven het lyk van Den E. Hear Iman 
DE Jonge van Zierikzee, in zyn leeven Comman- 
deur van Jaffanapatnam. Overleeden den 13 



December, 
den en . . . 



Ao. 1737, oud 
dagen. 



jaren maan- 



(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 259; vol. 
XVII.,p. 27.) 

Arms. — Or, a fess onde azure between ten stars, five 
in chief (2, 3) and five in base (3, 2). 

Stone 8 feet 7 inches by 4 feet 3 inches. 

Iman de Jong, born at Zierickzee, January 10, 
1698, was the son of Johan de Jong and Sara Danc- 
kers. He married at Malacca, October 7, 1731, 
Margarita Elisabeth Heynen, widow of Joan Fredrik 
Gobius, Governor of Malacca, whose daughter, 
Adriana Gobius, was the mother of Iman Willem 
Falck, Governor of Ceylon. 

Hier legt begraven het lyk van den E. Agtb. Heer 
Daniel Agreen van Jongkopping in de prov. 
Smaland , in zyn E . leven Commandeur van Jaffana- 
patnam, overleden den 15 May, Ao. 1741, oud 
jaaren maanden en dagen. 

Geen wysheid was ooyb zoo groot 
Als dikmaals denken om den dood. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 259.) 

Arms. — Argent, a chevron between three trefoils. 

Crest. — A trefoil between a pair of wings. 

Stone 8 feet 4 inches by 4 feet 2 inches. 

Jonkopping is the chief town of a district of the 
same name in Sweden, province of Smaland, 82 miles 
north-east from Gottenburg. 

Hier legt begraven den Ed. Agtbare Heer Chris- 
topher KiiEYBBRT, geboorteg van Swynfort, in 
syn wel Edele agtbare leeven opperooopman en 
Dessave van 't Koningryk Jaffanapatnam. 

Overleeden den 7 January, Ao. 1745, in den ouderdom 
van 47 jaaren 9 maanden en 3 daagen. 
{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 260; vol. XVH., p. 28.) 

Arms. — ^Argent, an anchor , on a chief azure, 

three trefoils (1, 2). 

(Johannes) Christopher Kleybert married Hester 
Agatha Woutersz, daughter of Gualterus Woutersz, 
Commandeur of Jaffna, and Hester Otley. 

The daughter of Christopher Kleybert, Magdalena 
WiUieknina Hester Kleybert, was married to Chris- 
tiaan van Teylingen, Governor of Coroiiiandel. 
Their son Theodorus, Chief of the Cirmamon Depart- 
ment (Ceylon), married Elizabeth ComeKa Schroter. 
{Gf. Cotton, " Indian Monumental Inscriptions," 
p. 313.) 

Stone 8 feet 4 inches by 4 feet 2 inches. 

Hier onder legt begraven het lyk van den E. Heer 
Abraham Aarnoutsz van Batavia, Oppercoop- 
man en Dessave alhier, gebooren den 26 Decembr. , 
Ao. 1703, overleden Ao. 1749, den 9 maart 
'snagts ten half 2 uuren oud 45 jaren 2 maanden 
en 11 dagen. 

{Ibid., vol. ID/., p. 262.) 

Stone 8 feet 4 inches by 4 feet 2 inches. 

Abraham Aarnoutsz married Antonia van Pelt, 
who afterwards married Jacob de Jong, Commandeur 
of Jaffna. 



( 220 ) 



Dutch Church, Jatina,—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


787 .. 


March 9 
1749 


. Abraham Aarnoutsz — contd. 



788 



Aug. 23 
1749 



Maria Sophia de Jong 



789 



790 



Oct. 12 
17.51 



Nov. 18 
1748 



Susanna Anthonia de Jong 



Julius Abraham Aarnout- 
sen 



791 



July 30 
1766 



Johanna Wirman 



792 



Jan. 1 
1767 



Anthony Mooyaart 



793 



March 26 
1769 



Friedrich Wilhelm, Baron de 
Reder 



Inscription. 
The arms are difficult to blazon. They seSm to be : 
argent, 14 capital letters I ranged in fess 6, 5, 3, the 
second and foiirth and the second of the second and 
third rows respectively being surmounted by a billet 
gules. Crest : a peacock. A family of Pelten bears 
the arms argent, a bend azure between 6 billets 
sable, ranged en orle. 

Hier onder legt begraven het lyk van Mejuffw, 
MaAia Sophia Ravens van JafEanapatnam in haar 
leven huysvrouw van den Ed. Heer Commandeur 
alhier Jacob de Jong, geboren, Ao. 1706, den 24 
Juny, overladen Ao. 1749, den 23 Augs. 'snagts 
ten 11 uuren oud 43 jaren 1 maand en 29 dagen. 
(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 260.) 

Arms. — Party per pale, (1) a demi-eagle issuing 
from the pale line, (2) party per fess, a bird contoum^ 
in chief and a trefoil in base. 

Crest. — An eagle (?), wings expanded. 

Her first husband was Carl Pieter Swensen, son 
of Pieter Swensen, schoolmaster, and Isabella Pieris. 

Maria Sophia Ravens was perhaps the daughter of 
Sixtus Bartholomeusz Ravens and Rosaira Dangeru. 

Hier rust het lyk van Mejuffrouw Susaitna Antho- 
nia VAN Pelt waarde huysvrouw van den E. 
Agtbaren Heer Jaffanapatnams Commandeur 
Jacob de Jong, geboren te Batavia den 22 Maart, 
1727, obiit den 12 Octobr., 1751, oud 24 jaren 6 
maanden en 27 dagen. 

Nog legt hieronder het Zoontje van gemeld JuSws 
Julius Abeaham Aaenoutsen, natus te Colombo 
den 21 Mey, 1747, obiit den 18 November, 1748, 
oud 1 jaar 5 maanden en 27 dagen. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 260; vol. XVII. , p. 28; vol. 
XVin., pp. 6.3, 64.) 

(See No. 787.) 

Hier legt begraven mejuff Johanna Verwyk huys- 
vrouw van den ondercoopman en cassier Aarnout 
WiRMAJsr, gebooren te JafEanapatnam in den jaare 
1738 den 25 January, overleden den 30 July, 1766, 
oud 28 jaaren 6 maand. 5 d. 
(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 262.) 

Ik bevindt nu gewis^ 

Dat sterven mjm gewin is. 
Hier onder legt het lyk van den Ed. Agtbaaren 
Heer oud Commandeur Anthony Mooyaaet, 
alhier gebooren den Gen December, Ao. 1698, 
overleden Po. January, Ao. 1767, oud 68 jaaren 
en 25 dagen. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., pp. 225, 234, 250, 251, 255, 258, 
262, 285 ; vol. XVII., pp. 18, 23, 27, 28, 31.) 

Arms. — A mermaid issuing from the sea and holding 
in her dexter arm a trident. 

Crest. — A mermaid as in the arms. 

Stone 8 feet 4 inches by 4 feet 2 inches. 

Anthony Mooyaart was the son of Nicolaas Moo- 
yaart and Johanna van Bsohweiler, and grandson 
of Anthony Mooyaart of Amsterdam, surgeon, and 
Maria Durhee. 

Fred. Wilh. liber Baron de Reder, Nat. Goldbergse 
in Silesia, D. XXV., Maii MDCCVI. Mort. JafEana- 
patnam D. XXVI. Mart. M.D.CCLXIX. 
[Ibid., vol. XVni., p. 63.) 

' ' A curious and elaborate wooden hatchment 

in the quasi-classical and sentimental style 

of the period. The Baron's coat of arms , surmounted 
by Time, represented by his head and wings onTy, 
one wing being folded, is flanked by the figure of 
a lady in classical costume, who turns away to wipe 
her tears with a handkerchief, and by a suit of 



( 221 ) 



Dutch Church, Jaffna— confc^. 



Serial No. Date. 

793 .. March 26 
1769 



Name. 

Friedrieh Wilhelm, Baron de 
Reder — contd. 



794" 



March 27 
1769 



Fredrik Willem, Baron de 
Reder 



795 



Dec. 16 
1773 



Johanna de Vos 



796 



June 23 
1774 



Hendrina Philipina Nagel. 



797 



June 15 

1788 



Maria Sophia de Bock 



Inscription, 
armour and modern military emblems. At the foot 
a boy reading from a book proclaims with a trumpet 
the Baron's title and services. At the back among 
other flags is a white one with a gold border, and 



displaying the monogram 



in gold — apparently 



the banner of the Dutch Company." (Architectural 
Review, vol. XXII., p. 77.) 

Arms. — Same as those of Henrietta Tugendreich, 
Baroness de Reder, already blazoned. 

Friedrieh Wilhelm, Baron de Reder of Goldberg, 
came out to the East Indies as a Sergeant in the 
service of the Dutch Company in the ship Amsterdam 
in 1762. He was a Major in 1766. He married 
Constantia Carohna, Baroness van Kerbus. Their 
daughter Constantia Agnita, born at Zutphen, 
September 13, 1741, married at Batavia, January 23, 
1763, -Dr. Christiaan Rose, Commandeur of Jaffna. 

Fredrik Willem, Baron de Redee, Majoor en 
Commandant te Jaffanapatnam. Begraven den 
27 Maart Anno 1769. 

(Journal, R. A.S. , C.B. , vol. XV. , p. 260 ; vol. XVH. 
p. 28; vol. XVIII.,p. 63.) 

This inscription is on his tomb in the floor of the 
church close to the hatchment. 

Hier onder legt begraven het lyk van Mejuffrouw 
JoHAiJNA VAN DutTEEN Van Gale, in haar leeven 
huyvrouw van den Opperkoopman, Secunde en 
Dessave van Jaffanapatnam GeeS,it de Vos. 
Gebooren Ao. 1736, den 13 April, en overleden Ao. 
1773, den 16 December, oud 37 jar. 8 maanden en 3 
dagen. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 258 ; vol. XVII., p. 27.) 

Arms. — Party per pale, (1) on a mount vert, a 
tree proper, (2) or, a fox rampant, gules. 

Stone 8 feet 8 inches by 4 feet. 

Gerrit de Vos of Negapatnam was the brother of 
Thomasia de Vos, the wife of JanSchaarken, Adminis- 
trateur, Galle. Gerrit de Vos married (1) at Galle, 
SeiJtember 30, 1753, Johanna van Duuren, born at 
Galle, April 13, 1736, daughter of Dirk van Duuren 
and Gertruida van den Broeck. He married (2) at 
Jaffna, June 22, 1777, Aletta Speldewinde of Jafina, 
widow of the Chief Siwgeon August Christiaan Gotter. 

Hende. Phil. Vos huysvrouw van den Ordinr. 
vuurwerker Thomas Nagel. Geboren 20 May, 
anno 1754. Overleeden 23 Juny, anno 1774. 

(Ibid., vol XVIII., p. 64.) 

Hendrina Phihpina Vos, baptized at Colombo on 
August 9, 1754, was the daughter of Hendrik Marten 
Vos of Bussenbot, Chief of Kilkare and Resident of 
Manipaar, and Johanna Carlier. She was the first wife 
of Thomas Nagel. He married, (2), Johanna Sophia 
Brochet de la Touperse, daughter of (Johannes) Louis 
Brochet de la Touperse of Metz and Ursula Magdalena 
Otley, (3), July 23, 1797, Petronella Numan, widow 
of the Rev. Johannes Engelbert Hugonis. 

This stone was found let into the floor of a bungalow 
on a coconut estate at Navatkuh, 4 miles from 
Jaffna, to which it had been removed by one of the 
Toussaints who owned the estate. It is stated 
that he found it in the compound of his house at 
Jaflna, but as it is exactly the same size as the stone 
forming the flooring of the Jaffna Dutch Church, it 
would seem as if it had originally come from that 
building, to which it has now been restored. 

Hier legt begraven Maria Sophia Wiemelskirchee 
in haar Ed. leven liefwaarde huysvrouw van den 
opperkoopman, Secunde en Dessave desses Com- 
mandements Daniel de Bock. Gebooren te 
Colombo den 16 April anno 1743 en alhier over- 
leeden den 15 Juny, armo 1788. Oud 45 jaaren 1 
maand en 29 dagen. Zalig zyn de dooden die in 
den Heere sterven. 

(Ibid., vol. XV., p. 259 ; vol; XVII., pp. 16, 27.) 



( 222 ) 



Dutch Church, Jaffna— con^c?. 



Serial No. 
797 . 



Date. 

June 15 

1788 



Name. 

Maria Sophia de Boclt- 



798 



799 



Feb. 19 
1801 



April 19 
1813 



Elizabeth Turnour 



George Turnour 



Inscription. 

-contd. Arms. — Per fess, in chief a churcli ( Wirmelskircher) ,. 

in base 3 pots (Potken). 

Crest. — A church as in the arms. 

Stone 8 feet 6 inches by 4 feet 4 inches. 

Maria Sophia, Wirmelskircher was the daughter of 
Rev. Mattheus Wirmelskircher and Susamia Adriana 
Potken. Daniel de Bock was a native of Amsterdam, 
and was married to Maria Sophia Wirmelskircher at 
Colombo on March 20, 1763. 

. . Elizabeth Turnour, daughter of the Honourable 
George Turnour and of Emilie, his wife. Born 
May the 26th, 1800. Died February the 19th, 1801. 
See next inscription. 

. . Sacred to the memory of the Honourable George 
Turnour, fourth son of Edward and Ann, Earl 
and Countess of Winter ton. 

He was born at Shillinglee Park, in Sussex, 'on the 
4th of February, 1768, and departed this life on 
the 19th AprU, 1813. 

The uniform tenor of his progress through life proved 
him a truly virtuous man and a sincere Christian, 
by exemplary conduct under severe misfortunes, 
and perfect resignation to the will of God. 

He was endowed with considerable talents and a 
most benign and amiable disposition, which gained 
the affection of all who knew him. 

This monument is raised by his afflicted widow. 

The first Earl of Winterton was Edward Garth, 
who assumed the name and arms of Turnour on 
succeeding to his maternal property. He was raised 
to the peerage of Ireland in 1761. The family seat 
is Shilhngle Park, near Petworth, Sussex. George 
Turnour was his fourth son, born February 4, 1768, 
and was an Ensign in the Bengal Native Infantry 
(Cadet, 1783; Ensign, February 9, 1785). He was 
transferred to the King's service in 1789, came to 
Ceylon as a Lieutenant in the 73rd, and was appointed 
Fort Adjutant at Jaffna on its capture in 1795. He 
married Emilie de Bausset, daughter of M. Pierre de 
Bausset and his wife Marie Johanna Sinon (see 
Cotton, pp. 367, 369), at Pondicherry the following 
year. In 1797, having transferred to the 19th Regi- 
ment, he became Commandant at Mannar, where he 
remained until January, 1800. At the pearl fishery 
of 1799 he acted as Superintendent. In July, 1802, 
we find him, with George Laughton, J. Verwyk, and 
Willem Itroon, heading a memorial from the mer- 
chants of Jaffna to Government against the proposed 
increase of duty on tobacco from 25 to 33 per cent., 
which was to start from August 1. In 1802-1807 he 
had left the army and was engaged with his father- 
in-law in trading in paddy and tobacco at Jaffna and 
Cochin, with a godown in the Jaffna Pettah, and the 
Jaffna diaries show that in July, 1803, he made an 
offer to Government to buy " all the paddy at 
Moelitivoe within 15,000 parras at nine fanams per 
parra. Government to pay expenses of loading and 
giving him two months' credit." The reply was 
that " there were only 45,000 parras at Moelitivoe, 
which it was hoped to sell at 9J fanams free of 
expense," and the offer was therefore declined. But 
his mercantile career was not successful, and in 
Januarys 1807, he become insolvent. A meeting of 
his creditors was held at Jaffna in August. A 
quantity of " Jagal or Jawzy chanks" and of "Putty 
or Pottie chanks" belonging to his estate was adver- 
tised for sale at Condaatje during the ensuing pearl 
fishery. On March II the same year he was 
gazetted "Agent of Revenue of the Wanni." (See 
" Vanni Districts Manual.") He was placed on the 
Civil establishment from January 1, 1811. On 
January 1, 1813, he was appointed Assistant to the 
Collector at Jaffna and Sitting Magistrate and Fiscal, 
and he held, in addition, the appointment of " Tobacco 
Agent," but he died the same year. His eldest son 
became the celebrated Oriental scholar. Mrs. Turnour 
had another son, Edward Archer, born at Jaffna.. 



( 223 ) 



■Serial No. 
799 . 



Date. 

April 19 
1813 



Dutch Church, Jaffna— cowicZ 

Name. 

George Tumour— cow^rf. . . 



800 



April 8 
1826 



George Burleigh 



Inscription. 
Her daughter, Anne Emily, married M. de Pariset at 
Pondi-oherry ; the second daughter, Frances, married 
in IS'ZO, Wilham Granville, C.C.S., who retired on 
April 12, 1840, as Treasiwer. The third daughter, 
Jane, married in 1832. Captain Henry Alexander 
Atchisoii, C.R.R. The Hon. George Turnour's 
youngest sister. Lady Elizabeth, married Francis 
Richardson, M.C.S. She died on July 6, 1818, in 
Upper Berkeley street. 

Sacred to the Memory of George Bubleigh, Esq., 
M.D., Surgeon of the 2nd Ceylon Eegiment, whose 
body Ues near this spot. He departed this life 
April 8th, 1826, aged 55 Years. Doctor Burleigh 
served on Board H. M. Ship Brunswick in the 
memorable action of the 22nd & 29th May & 
1 June, 1794, under Lord Howe, throughout 
the Rebellion in Ireland in 1793 & during the 
Kandyan insurrection in 1817 & 1818. 

He was a son of John Burleigh, third son of Hercules 
Burleigh, Captain in Colonel Mitchelburn's Regiment 
at the siege of Derry, by his wife Mary Jackson. 

He married Rebecca Kingsley (see No. 810). In 
a memorial addressed to the Duke of Wellington in 
1815 she gives the following account of his services :— 

" He entered the navy in 1792, was appointed 
Surgeon's Mate on board the Brunswick, 74 guns, 
and was on board during the action of 28th and 29th 
May and 1st June, 1794, under Lord Howe. The 
ship being disabled was paid off, and Dr. Biorleigh 
was appointed to the Essex Fencibles as Assistant 

Surgeon was appointed Surgeon remained 

and served during the rebellion till the reduction of 
the regiment in 1801. He was then appointed to the 

38th Regiment in 1802 through the interest of 

my near relative Lord Norbury , Chief Justice of Ireland. 
He served in the 38th Regiment until 1806, when he 
was transferred from the Irish to the English establish- 
ment with a promise of the surgeoncy of the 

95th on his arrival in England, but was unfortunately 
taken prisoner on his passage by a French privateer 
with myself and three children and taken into 
Calais, from thence to the depot of Valenciennes, 
where we remained from December, 1805, to Decem- 
ber, 1813. A portion of the 9th and 30th Regiments, 
being wrecked oH the coast about the same time, were 
taken prisoners and sent off to Valenciennes, com- 
manded by Colonel Devereux, who, being ordered to 
Verdun with other officers, requested Dr. Burleigh to 
take medical charge of his men, which he did from 
that period, with the whole of the prisoners amounting 
to 3,000 men, British soldiers, men-of-war's men, 
merchant-sailors, and detenus." He also acted as 
paymaster, "for which he received the thanks of the 
Duke of York and the Commissioners of the Navy on 

his return to England in 1814 He remained an 

Assistant Surgeon till his return to England in 1814, 

when the Duke of York ordered him to be 

appointed to the first vacant surgeoncy, which was 
that of the 2nd Ceylon Regiment, which he held till 
his death in 1826. In December, 1813, when the 
allied armies entered the north of France, we were 
sent from Valenciennes at forty-eight hours' notice 
with the whole of the prisoners to Tours, and from 
thence to Limoges, where all remained till the peace 
of 1814. Dr. Bm'leigh was the only officer that 
marched and remained with the prisoners dm-ing that 
severe march in the depth of winter, and during the 
march he afforded the men every comfort in his power , 
supplying them with shoes, fltannel waistcoats, and 
drawers, and on many occasions with carts to convey 
the sick. Myself, with eight children, accompanied 
them on the march, and was a witness to the poor 
fellows' siifferings." 

The Burleighs settled in County Down in 1649. 
The first settler was " Captain of a ship of war in the 
Solent, and was with a number of his men under the 
window of Carisbrook Castle when Charles I. en- 
deavoured to escape. For this he was imprisoned at 
Winchester, but managed to escape to Irelahd. He 



( 224 ) 



Dutch Church, Jaffna — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


800 .. 


April 8 
1826 


. . George Burleigh r-contd. 



801 



March 26 
1840 



Maria Wallett 



802 



Dec. 18 
1840 . 



Edward Buckton 



803 



May 5 
1843 



Susanna Petronella Drieberg 



Inscription. 

belonged to a Hampshire family." (" The Wolfes of 
Forenaghts," published at Guildford, 1893.) 

The eldest daughter of Dr. George Burleigh, Anna 
Maria, born November 2, 1802, at Colombo, married 
at Colombo, October 25, 1818, Lieutenant Richard 
Thomas Wolfe of the 59th Regiment, thus making a 
further link between the families of Toler and Wolfe. 
His third daughter, Eliza Toler, bom February 4, 
1808, at Kayts, married, February 11, 1825, Joseph 
Price, C.C.S., afterwards District Judge of Jaffna, 
who retired from the CivU Service, 1861, and settled 
at Upper Skenshaw, Herefordshire. He died March 
20, 1864, and was buried in the churchyard of St. 
Mary's, Monmouth. She died at Jaffna in 1860 and 
was buried at Chundikxili. The second daughter,. 
Catherine Vassall, born February 4, 1808 (a twin), at 
the house of the Sitting Magistrate, Kayts, married, 
October 1, 1830, Henry Ffoliott Powell, late Captain, 
C.R.R., of Brandlesome Hall (see Burke). The 
fourth daughter, Eleanor Toler, married Robert 
Atherton. The fifthdaughter, Arabella Cope, born 
March 26, 1812, married. May 20, 1841, Captain Cosby 
War burton. She died at Jaffna , and was buried there , 
March 31, 1848. 

Sacred to the Memory of Makia, the beloved wife of 
Major Chables Wallbtt, Ceylon Rifles, Com- 
mandant of Jaffna. She departed this life on 
26th March, 1840. Aged 50 years. 

And Pray let her remains lay undisturbed. 

Major Wallett was Commandant at Jaffna, 1840-42,^ 
succeeding Major Haddon Smith, and was succeeded 
by Lieutenant J. Kersteman, C.R., September, 1842, 
He left with his daughter for London by the Tigris on 
December 20, 1840. (See Nos. 22 and 109.) 

Maria Winder Cooper married Captain Charles 
Wallett, 6 1st Regiment, at the Temple Church, Bristol, 
on January 1, 1810. They had a daughter, Maria, 
born at Jaffna, August 23, 1831. Edward Rawdon 
Power, C.C.S., was one of the sponsors. 

Near this Ues the body of Edward Buckton, Esq.. 
who died on the 18th December, 1840, in tk& 
Thirty-ninth year of his age. 

He was appointed Controller of Customs, Northern 
Province, on a salary of £500 a year, and arrived 
from Bombay in the Colombo in 1840. He died of 

dysentery. 

In the Name of the Blessed and Undivided Trinity 
S. M. of Mrs. S. Deibbbeg (Widow of the late 
Captain Deibbeeg, C.R.) , who for many years was 
a resident of this Town and worshipped God in 
this Church. She died the 5th May, 1843, on 
board the Schooner Fannj off Tootokurin, 
being then in the 75th year of her age. 

But the path of the just is the shining light which 
shines more and more unto the perfect day. 
Amennaie Exonorie. 

She was Susanna Petronella Tarre, probably 
related to Captain James Tarr6, 3rd Ceylon, who 
entered the army as Ensign in the 60th Regiment, and 
joined the 3rd Ceylon in 1806, and was Fort Adjutant, 
Jaffna, 1810-12 ; Assistant Commissary, Jaffna, 
1813; and ditto, Galle, 1814. She was born at 
Tuticorin in 1768. The Gazette notice of her death 
states ' ' that she had resided above half a century in 
this Colony universally respected by all her acquaint- 
ance." The Fanny was at the time on a trip from 
Trincomalee to Tuticorin. Her family was no doubt 
French. She wrote a letter in French, dated Jaffna,. 
April 15, 1604, to Dr. Thomas Christie, Medical 
Superintendent- General, regarding the va/jcination 
of her four children. Captain Friedrich Wilhelm 
von Drieberg (afterwards cut down to Drif berg) was. 
son of Colonel Diedrich Carl von Drieberg of the Dutch 
Service and his wife Johanna Martina Aubert. He 
was Commandant of Puttalam in 1802, and of 
Mullaittivu in 1803-05. He died at Jaffna in 1807. 
(See Cotton, p. 317.) 



( 225 



Dutch Church, JaSna,—contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


804 .. 


Mays 
1845 


John George Edward Bur- 
leigh 



805 



March 
1846 



Caroline Harriet Price 



806 



May 28 
1846 



William Kingsley Burleigh 



807 



Deo. 13 
1847 



Ursula Theodora Petronella 
Gray 



Inscription. 
Sacred to the Memory of John G. E. Buelbigh, 
Captain in Her Majesty's Ceylon Rifles. Comman- 
dant of Putlam, where he died May 5th, 1845. 
Aged 45 years. 

John George Burleigh was eldest son of Dr. George 
Burleigh. He was born June 28, 1801, was gazetted 
Ensign in the 83rd Regiment, April 29, 1819, and 
Lieutenant, March 2, 1821 ; also served in the Ceylon 
Rifles, and died while Commandant of Puttalam. 
He married (1), on December 31, 1833, at Jaffna, 
Catherine Sturlo, and (2), Amelia Bircham, tt, niece 
of Lieutenant-Colonel Bircham, C.R.R. She died at 
Chilaw. 

A paper by S. Casie Chitty, " Remarks on the Site 
and Ruins of TammanaNuwara," was read before the 
Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland 
on February 1, 1849. It was accompanied by a map, 
which was supplemented with drawings from the pen 
of Lieutenant Burleigh, Ceylon Rifles, then Com- 
mandant of Puttalam, depicting two groups of the 

pillars with the siurounding jungle, &c 

These ruins were, according to Casie Chitty, first 
discovered by James Caulfleld, the Assistant 
Government Agent of the district. [Monthly Literary 
Register, vol. III., p. 214.) 

Sacred to the Memory of Caroline Haeeiet Peice, 
fourth daughter of Joseph Peice, Esq., of Her 
Majesty's Civil Service of Ceylon, who departed 
this life March, 1846. Aged 13 years and 8 
months. 

She was born Julys, 1832, according to the baptismal 
register of the Fort Church. 

Sacred to the Memory of William K. Buelbigh , Esq. , 
of Her Majesty's Ceylon Civil Service. Died at 
Sea, May 28, 1846, aged 41 years. 

William Kingsley Burleigh was born June 14, 1804. 
He was magistrate of Mallagam, and died off the 
Cape of Good Hope, unmarried. 

Uesttla Theodoea Peteonella Mooyaaet, the 
ReUot of Captain Eeench Geay of the Ceylon 
Regiment, and Grand-daughter of Commodore 
Anthony Mooyaaet. Died in Jaffna on the 13th 
December, 1847, aged 60 years. 

She was a daughter of Wouter Christoffel Mooyaart, 
son of the Commandeur Anthony Mooyaart and his 
wife Cornelia Anthohia Dormieux. 



808 



April 22 
1848 



Arriane Cecelia Dunlop 



809 



■ March 27 
1850 



Arriane Maria Brook 



2h 



Sacred to the Memory of Aeriane Cecelia Dunlop, 
infant daughter of R. J. Dunlop, Esq., who 
departed this Ufe on the 22nd April, 1848. Aged 
22 days. 

R. J. Dunlop, who was a coconut planter on 
lyakachchai estate, Pallai, married Emilia, daughter 
of George Shaw Brook, who was Assistant Collector of 
Customs, Jaffna, brother of Richard Brook, Master 
Attendant of Trincomalee. His son, Richard Henry, 
Lieutenant, C.R.R. , married Theodosia Eleanor 
Hastings, daughter of Joseph Lee of Malpas, on 
October 12, 1858. He was engaged in the operations 
in the Matale District in 1848, and was, on many of 
the courts martial. He died a General. 

Sacred to the Memory of Arriane Maria Beook, 
widow of the late George Shaw Brook, Esq., 
Ordnance Dept., Colombo, who departed this 
Ufe on the 27th March, 1850, at Jaffna, Ceylon. 
Aged 53 years. 

This tablet was erected as a small token of affection 
by her afflicted children, to whom she had been 
always a good a'ld affectionate mother. 

She was a daughter of John David Rabinel of 
Middelburg and Johanna Plantina de Moor. 

82-09 



( 226 



Dutch Church, Jaffna — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


809 .. 


March 27 . 
1850 


Arriane Maria Brook- 



-contd. 



810 



Dec. 21 
1863 



Rebecca Burleigh 



811 



1621 



Antonio Alvares 



812 



1640 



Manoel de Silveira Coufinho 
Izabel Scares 



813 



Paulo Fereira Menezes 



Inscription. 
Her husband, G. S. Brook, was stationed at Galle, 
1818-24, and afterwards at Colombo and Jaffna. 
Colonel Clement, Captain. Parke, F. J. Templer, and 
Or. S. Brook formed the Managing Committee of the 
Colombo race meeting held in January, 1835. He 
went on leave to England in 1838, and died at 
Colombo on February .5, 1839, aged 44. . 

In Memory of Rebecca Bubleigh, Relict of Dr. 
Geoege Bttrleigh, C.C.S., who departed this life 
in Jaffna on the 21st of December, 1853. Aged 
78 years. 
This tablet is erected by her much loved Grand- 
daughter, M. S. C. December, 1856. 
She was full of good works and alms deeds which she 
did, and a humble servant of her Saviour. 

Rebecca Burleigh was a granddaughter of Daniel 
Toler of Beachwood, Tipperary, who married Rebecca 
Minehin. His daughter, Eleanor Toler, married 
John Kangsley, and Mrs. Burleigh was their daughter. 
The Kingsleys resided near Nenagh, Co. Tipperary. 
She was related to the Wolfes of Forenaghts, to which 
family General Wolfe and the Rev. Charles Wolfe, 
author of " The Burial of Sir John Moore," as also 
Lord KUwarden, the Irish Chief Justice, who was 
murdered at Dublin, July 23, 1803, belonged. 

Another member of the Wolfe family and a nephew 
of Lord Kilwarden, John Wolfe, a " Captain- 
Lieutenant " on half -pay of the .5tli Regiment, was 
appointed a Captain in the 1st Ceylon Regiment, 
April 27, 1803. He died at Chelsea, December 22, 
1818, and was buried at Dudley, Worcestershire. 

A. sister of Mrs. Burleigh went to America, where 
she married, and had a daughter, who married Captain 
Legge, the author of the book on Ceylon birds. 

" M. 8. C." stands for Mary Spencer Campbell, the 
wife of Frederick Hugh Pearson Campbell, C.C.S., 
whom she married on April 18, 1848, at the Fort 
Church, Jaffna. She was the fifth daughter of 
Joseph Price, C.C.S., District Judge of Jaffna. 
Dr. George Burleigh's daughter Eliza Toler, by his 
wife Rebecca, was married to Joseph Price at Kayts 
on February 12, 1825, by the Rev. Joseph Knight. 

Sepultura de AifTOiirio Alvares e de seus erdeiros 

621. 
["The tomb of Antonio Alvares and of his heirs, 

1621."] 

Peculiarities in this inscription are the combination 
of the letters D and E in. the words " de " and 
"erdeiros," a similar combination of the letters Vand 
A in " Alvares," and the omission of the first figure of 
the date in 1 62 1 . This mamier of writing the date was 
customary at the period, just as we write 09 for 1909, 
omitting two figures instead of one. The dimensions 
of this tomb are 5 feet 10 inches by 1 foot .5 inches. 

Esta sepultura he de Mangel de Silveira 
CouTiNHO e de sua molher Izabel Soarbs e de 
seus erdeiros 1640 (1). 

[" This tomb is of Manoel de Silveira Coutinho 
and of his wife IzAiEL Soares and of their heirs."] 
The date is more likely 1640 than anything else. 
The peculiarity about this inscription is the use of an 
archaic form of R (thus, '^) and the combinations 
of N and H, V and A, &c. It is much rougher cut 
than the first inscription, the kind of stone used 
being different also. The size is 4 feet 7 inches by 
1 foot 2 inches. The Portuguese seemed fond of long 
narrow tombs, in contrast to the Dutch, whose 
tombstones were generally of very ample dimensions. 

Esta sepultura he de Paulo Fekeira Mene (?) he 

de seus herdeiros. 
[" This tomb is of Paulo Fereira Menezes and of 

his heirs."] 

The date is illegible, and the word " Mene " not 
distinct. It may be " Mene," in which case it 



( 227 ) 

Dutch Church, Jaffna — contd. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

813 . . . . Paulo Fereira Menezes — contd. probably is a contraction of Menezes, or possibly 

" Melo," another well-ltnown name. 

Of these tombstones, the flrst two were found in 
1902 inside the Jaffna fort, and the last outside it on 
the glacis, in use as a stepping stone to a small shrine 
dedicated to Mxmi Appar. They have been placed in 
the vestry of the church. Another Portuguese 
tombstone was found in the fort at the same time, 
with part of a coat-of-arms and the letters " V.D." 
on it. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XVIII., pp. 350-53.) 



Pettah Cemetery, Jaffna. 

There is no doubt that tombstones and name slabs have been removed from this burial ground during 
the last hundred years. In 1905 a scone was found out in two, lengthwise, to form the doorstep of a houss in 
one of the Jaflfna " cross streets." The inscription had been carefully chipped out; so carefully that all that 

could be made out after the most minute examination was the words " Ter Gedagteni van Angehna Pr. 

Maria Wilhemina den Wei Edele Heer " Another stone of 1841 was found at a mason's 

house. He had removed it to build a new tomb close by. 

814 . . Sept. 9 . . Anna Elizabeth van^Coe- Hier onder rust het lyk van Mejuffrouw Anna 

1777 verden ~ Elizabeth Mom in leven huisvrouw van den 

Koopman en administrateur alhier de Heer 
Johannes Baebeetus van Coeveeden. Geboren 
den 26 July, 1723, en overleden den 9 September, 
1777. 
{Ibid., vol. XVII., p. 39 ; vol. XVIII., p. 85.) 
Arms. — Vert, a cross moline, or. 

Anna Elizabeth Mom was perhaps the daughter of 
Arnaud Mom of Jaffna, who was a surgeon in 1697 
and onderkoopman in 1733. 

815 . . Sept. 7 . . Jean Frangois Even du Hil Hier onder rust het lyk van den Wei. Ed. Manh. 

1787 Heer Jean FEANgois Even dtj Hil in leeven 

Capetein-Luytenant der Honorabile MiHtie. Over- 
leden Jaffanapatnam den 7 Sept. A. 1787. Oud 
29 jaaren. 
{Ibid., vol. XVn., p. 39.) 

The following is a translation of an entry in the 
diary of Mr. William Abraham Kriekenbeek : — 

" On the 27th May, 1804, I was married at Jaffna- 
patnam by the Rev. Mr. Morgappa to Miss Frangoisa 
Ursula Frederika Even du Hil, daughter of Capt. 
Jean Frangois Even du Hil and Ester Dulcina Brochet 
de la Touperse. She was born there on the 29th 
April, 1787. My father-in-law aforesaid was acci- 
dentally shot dead on the 18th July, 1787, while out 
hunting, by one Mr. Hendrick Anthony Johnson, 
who was also him.ting in the same company. This 
happened in one of the islands of Jaffnapatnam, and 
my said mother-in-law then married Mr. Christoffel 
Gerard Keegel, surgeon there, and died on the 27th 
August, 1815." 

The discrepancy as to the date of death is curious. 

A house in First Cross street, Pettah, Jaffna, with 
very ornamental doors and windows, the former 
having brass-mounted panels, belonged to the family 
of Brochet de la Touperse. Captain Jean Louis 
Brochet of Metz was " late Commandant of Artillery " 
at Jaffna under the Dutch Company, and in 1796 was 
trading in palmyras, &c. , in Jaffna. He married, 
February 10, 1760, Ursjla Magdalena Otley of 
Jaffna, who died on Jim.e 10, 1810, aged 65 years 8 
months and 19 days. He proceeded to the pearl 
fishery in April of that year with his " toney." In 
July, 1803, he was given by Government an allowance 
of 50 rix-dollars a month, but this was discontinued 
two months later, because the pensions to Dutch 
prisoners were to be renewed. 

Captain Even du Hil married Ester Dulcina 
Brochet de la Touperse, who died August 27, 1815. 
She married (2), April 18, 1790, Dr. Christoffei 
Gerard Keegel. 



228 



Serial No- 

816 



Date. 
1772 



B. 



Pettah Cemetery, Jaffna — contd. 

Name. Inscription. 

J. Craft . . B. J. Cbaft, Lieutenant. Obiit 1772, setatis 47. 

{Joru-nal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XVII. , p. 40.) 



817 



818 



May 20 
1817 



May 9 
1823 



Louisa Rodrigo 



Thomas Nagel 



Hier onder rust het lyk van Lotjisa db Silva in 
leven huisvrouw van Alexander Rodeigo. 
Geboren te Colombo den 5 November, 1785. 
Overleden den 20 May, 1817. 
(Ibid., vol. XVII., p. 4L) 

Thomas Nagel. Gebooren den 5 Febry., 1740, in 
Nederlandsche dienst geweesen Land Regent in de 
Wanny. Overleeden den 9 May, 1823. 
(Ibid., vol. XVII., p. 40 ; vol. XVIII., p. 393.) 

T. Nagel is described in tlae Jaffna Kacheheri 
records of 1796 as "late Regent of the Wanny or 
the Provinces under Mullativoe," and as "late Land- 
holder at Mullativoe." He held this office from 
1783 to 1795. On February 8, 1796, the Assistant 
Resident at Jaffna, Mr. John Jervis, forwarded to 
Lord Hobart, Governor and President in Council, 
Fort St. George, a packet containing sundry papers 
in the Dutch language which he had obtained from 
Nagel, and he remarks in forwarding it: "I have 
every reason to believe the Provinces of the Wanny 
will become shortly very valuable to the English 
Company, and I am not probably too sanguine in 
affirming that they wiU be more so with due 
management and attention than even the districts 
dependent on Jaffanapatnam." These hopes have 
not been fulfilled. He adds: " Whilst every praise 
is to be given to Mr. Nagel for the improvement he 
has made in the Wanny, it is but too evident that 
his lease of that country was particularly advan- 
tageous to and favourable to his own interests." 
From this it would appear that Nagel's tenure of 
the Wanny was of the nature of a farm under the 
Dutch Company. One thing that he did for it was 
to introduce the cultivation of inanyokka (cassava). 
He handed over to Jervis a minute on the subject 
of his administration, " which is so voluminous, and 
enters into such particular detail that it cannot be 
immediately copied." In July he obtained leave fop 
his dhoney to go fromKayts to.Mullaittivu to remove 
his furniture from there. Jervis appears to have 
consulted him on the question of the collection of 
the revenue , for in September we find him laying it 
down as an axiom that " the Malabars will always 
3ay, according to their custom, that they cannot 
pay." In December, when eight of the Dutch 
Burghers of Jaffna petitioned against Lieutenant- 
Colonel Barbut's proclamation that all coast slaves 
must be considered free yjeople, as contrary to the 
4th Article of the Capitiolation, Nagel and J. F. 
Meybrink took the opposite view, and gave in a 
counter petition. 

Jervis mentions that Nagel had a numerous family 
(see No. 796), but nothing seems to be known about 
them, except that one daughter, Carolina, married 
on July 4, 1802. at Jaffna, Lieutenant Richard 
William Cot^ra-v (^ the first •• Civil Engineer " under 
There was another Nagel at 



the British regime. 



Jaffna, who had been in the Dutch Engineer Corps. 
This was Gerrit Joan Xagel, who was "Lieutenant 
enTitulier Ingenieur' in 1792. He was probably 
a son of Thomas Nagel, as on one occasion the latter 
made a payment to the Assistant Resident on his 
behalf. G.J. Nagel and Mr. Hopker , also formerly of 
the Dutch Engineer Corps, made a plan in October, 
1796, for re-0])ening the channel connecting the fort 
moat with the sea, so as to get rid of the flood water 
which was threatening to inundate Jaffna in the rainy 
weather. The former opening had been filled up by 
Lieutenant-Colonel Barbut. The plan was adopted, 
and the work carried out at the instance of Jervis. 
There were at least two other Nagels in the Dutch 
Service in the latter half of this century, viz., 
Adriaan, " geauthorizierd " at Matara in 1765, and 
Fredrik, vaandrig (ensign) at Batticaloa in 1767. 



229 ) 



Pettah Cemetery, Jaffna— cowfc?. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


818 .. 


May 9 
1823 


. . Thomas Nagel— cow<d. 



819 



820 



Jane 5 
1824 



Aug. 14 
1829 



J. Dl. van Schoonbeek 



Adriana Gertruida Anderson 



821 



Jan. 17 
1831 



Anna Henrietta Vanderspar 



822 



April 30 
1831 



Johanna Jacoba Stutzer 



823 



March 24 
1844 



Theodora Cochrane 



21 



Insciiption. 
There was a Lieutenant Nagol in the 97th Regiment, 
who married a daughter of Francis Dickson at Galle 

in 1831. , „ . 

Thomas Nagel was " Extra-ord. Vuurwerker at 
Jaffna in 1767, " Ord. Vuurwerker en Landmeeter 
at Jaffna in 1769, Lieutenant in 1780, and Captam 
in 1789. The title of "Lieutenant Fireworker' m 
the Artillery was in use in the British army up to 
the first decade of the nineteenth century. It was 
the rank below Lieutenant. 

Hier onder rust den wel Edeln. Heer J. Dl. van 
Schoonbeek. Geboren te JafEanapatnam. Anno 
1781 den 23 Nov. Overl. 1824 den 5 Juni. Oud 
42 jaa. 6 maa. 12 dag. 
(Journal, R.A.S., O.B., vol. XVn., p. 41.) 

Adriana Gbktbuida Toussaint, wife of J. T. 
Andeeson in the 43rd year oi her age. 

She was the daughter of Barent Justinus Toussaint 
and Jacomina Gterardina Giffening, and grand- 
daughter of Johannes Toussaint and Anna Elizabeth 
Kriekenbeek. 

James Thomas Anderson, was a captain, probably 
a sea captain, and an Englishman. It issupposed to 
be his monogram in floriated ironwork which is over 
one of the doors of a house in Main street, now occu- 
pied by Machado & Co. This was his first wife. He 
had five daughters and two sons by her. One daughter 
married the Rev. M. Carver, three others Toussaints. 
One son, James Thomas, married Amelia, daughter 
of Samuel HolloweU and granddaughter of James 
Hollo well of Wexford. James Thomas Anderson, 
senior, married (2), at GaUe, Joharma Henrietta 
Susanna de Vos, widow of Reynier von Aiken. His 
only child by this msffriage, Sara Helena, married 
Raoul Piachaud of Negombo, grandson of Major 
Francis Piachaud of the De Meuron Regiment, bom 
at Nion, Canton Bern. 

Sacred to the memory of Anna Henrietta Vander- 
spar, widow in the 78th year of her age. 

Aona Henrietta Dormieux was the daughter of 
Isaak Dormieux by his second wife Anna Mauritz 
Cuyck van Mierop. She was married (1) to Abraham 
Evert Lebeck, ajid (2) , as his second wife, to Johannes 
van der Spar, the brother of Mattheus van der Spar, 
Administrateur of Galle. The first wife of Johannes 
van der Spar was Adriana Dorothea van Bern. Isaak 
Dormieux was the son of Abraham Dormieux and 
Petronella Verschuur, and grandson of Abraham 
' Dormieux of Amsterdam and Margarita Maartensz 
van Suchtelen, daughter of Jan Maartensz van 
Suchtelen and Gertruida Pietersz. Abraham Dormieux 
of Amsterdam was baptized there March 23, 1657, 
being the son of Jacobus Dormieux and Annetj© 
Hendrioksz van Grolshagen. (See Nos. 637, 886.) 

Sacred to the memory of Johanna Jacoba Lb 
Beck, widow of John Arnold Stutzer, M.D., 
formerly of Stockholm, but for many years an 
eminently respected and useful inhabitant of this 
place in the 62nd year of her age. 

Dr. Stutzer died at Jaffna in July, 1821, but is 
uncommemorated, or more likely perhaps the stone 
has disappeared. 

Johanna Jacoba Lebeck was probably daughter of 
Abraham Evert Lebeck and Anna Henrietta Dor- 
mieux. A daughter of Dr. Stutzer, Jane Alexandra 
Stutzer, married at Trincomalee, November 13, 1828, 
Lieutenant C. F. Thomson, 16th Regiment. 

To the memory of Theodora, the beloved wife of 
Major Cochrane, C.R. Regiment. Obiit March 
24, 1844. ^tatis suss 48. 

The souls of the righteous are in the hands of God, 
and though they may be afflicted in the sight of 
men, yet is their hope full of immortality. 

82-09 



( 230 ) 



Pettah Cemetery, Jaffna— co?t«rf. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


823 .. 


March 24 . 
1844 


. Theodora Cochrane— cowfe^. 



Inscription. 

Theodora J. W. Stutzer, who was another daughter 
of Dr. Stutzer, was second wife of Captain George 
Cochrane, C.R.R., whom she married at Jaffna on 
July 28, 1831. He married (3), on July 19, 1848, 
Maria Eliza Tranchell, widow of Staff Surgeon A. H. 
Hallj and died at Trincomalee, December 12, 1860. 
His first wife Jane died at Trincomalee on Jaxiuary 
30, 1830. His daughter by the second marriage, 
Mary Jane Cochrane, married at the Fort Church, 
Jaffna, October 2, 1845, George Beatson. This 
marriage was repeated on November 27, 1845, owing 
to an inforpiality in the license. 

Colonel Cochrane was Commandant of Jaffna from 
January, 1841, and founder of the Jaffna Friend-in.- 
Need Society and Hospital. The foundation stone of 
the latter was laid in 1840. It was maintained by the 
Society until 1906, when it was taken over by Govern- 
ment. Colonel Cochrane "must have left Jaffna early 
in 1847. He showed me what I think was a silver 
cigar case presented to him. by the subscribers to 
the Friend-in-Need Society on his departure." (Sir 
William Twynam, writing in 1910.) (See No. 
1003.) 



824 



April 15 
1849 



James Byles 



James Byles, born September, 1816, died April 
15th, 1849, aged 32. 

He was a coconut planter, and opened Karandi estate 
in the PachchilapaUi division. He was a brother of 
Sergeant Byles, well known on account of " Byles on 
Bills." He was, it was said, inclined to be wild, and 
was sent out to Ceylon by the family to do something 
for himself. The following incident seems to confirm 
this opinion: — Accompanied by Lieutenant John 
Brewse Kerstemen of the Ceylon Rifles and Daniel 
Quinton of the Survey Department, he proceeded on 
November 27, 1843, to the house in Second Cross 
street, Jaffna, where A. M. Ferguson, afterwards of 
the Observer, lived with Richard Rudd. ' He charged 
the former with having said of him , ' ' Mr. Byles plants 
merely for his amusement, he being, according to 
his own account, a man of great expectations, and 
duelling being his serious business." A. M. Ferguson 
had also expressed his ' ' honest opinion respecting the 
excess of planting operations in the north," and this 
apparently did not please Byles. The result was 
that Byles struck .A. M. Ferguson with a cane, and 
Quinton and Kerstemen struck William Ferguson , who 
was also present. Byles and Kerstemen were each 
fined £10 and Quinton £5. 

A further result of this fracas was a commission to 
inquire into the conduct of the civil and military 
officers concerned in it, but nothing came of it. 

' ' Jack Kerstemen was a wild Irishman, good- 
hearted, and a general favourite. He left the Ceylon 
Rifles owing, it was said, to his having got into trouble 
over alleged cheating at cards." William Boyd tells 
a story of his trying to obtain a pardon from Governor 
Lord Torrington for a criminal whom the Fiscal 
had unsuccessfully tried to hang at Kandy, but the 
' pardon was too late. 



825 



Oct. 24 
1849 



John Bradley 



Sacred to the memory of John Bbadley, Esq., late 

Lieutenant of H.M.S. C.E. Regt aged 

43 years. 

Leaving behind him a disconsolated (sic) wife and 
three children to bemoan his irreparable loss. 

Lieutenant John Bradley was Acting Adjutant in 
August, 1846. James Matthew Bradley, who was in 
the Survey Department, married at the Fort Church, 
Jaffna, on April 18, 1848, his cousin Charlotte 
Louisa, third daughter of Joseph Price, District 
Judge of Jaffna.* She was born January 25, 1831. 
He died at Jaffna on April 4, 1850, aged 30. His 
widow married, on February 14, 1855, (2) John 
Addams- Williams of Llangibhey Castle, Monmouth- 
shire, a coconut, coffee, and tea planter, who came 
out in 1846 and died at Rattota, August 9, 1909, 
in his 81st year. He opened Ariali estate. 



( 231 ) 

Pettah Cemetery, Jaffna— cowfi. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

826 . . -^Pn^ 27 . . Emily Sabonadiere . . Sacred to the memory of EMiLy, the beloved wife of 

^°^" P. K. Sabonadiebe aged 27 years. 

John Scipio Sabonadiere married at St. James's, 
Westminster, April 7, 1789, Louisa Barbauld, the 
authoress. Their son, Rev. Carey Charles Alfred, 
born at Chelsea, died at St. Quentin, 1838, married 
Sophia Durand of Port Guernsey. Their son, Francis 
Richard, born at Meaux (District Seine), February 
8, 1823, died July 18, 1891, married (1) Emily 
Murray, daughter of General Murray, and (2) , August 
19, 1854, Mary, daughter of C. E. Layard, bom May 
31, 1832, died January 4, 1864. 

827 . . Sept. 4 . . Alexander Thomas Anderson Alexander Thomas Andebson, Merchant of Kandy, 

1868 Native of Peterhead, Aberdeenshire, died at Point. 

Pedro in his 30th year, and lies buried here. 

He belonged to the firm of Keir Dimdas & Co. 



St. John's Church, Chundikuli, Jaffna. 

The church stands on the site of a Portuguese Church, dedicated Hke the present Roman Catholic Church 
in the parish of Chundikuli to St. John the Baptist. The old church was rebuilt or repaired by the Dutch. 
It was replaced by the present church belonging to the Church Missionary Society in 1860. The new church, 
not with much regard to historical associations, is dedicated to St. John the Evangehst. The foundations of a 
portion of the old building can stiU be traced. 

" In the middle of the year 1859 the main part of the old schoolhouse was stiU standing. The old church 

had been partly demolished, and the school building was a continuation of the church , with a common wall 

between. Their site now forms the road, not exactly opposite the present church, but a little further to the east. 
The road then ran from the town straight to the church porch, from that point turning south and then east, 
exactly as in the NeUore church to-day. Government, which in those days in Jaffna meant of course Mr. 
Dyke, desired to rectify this awkward bend in the road, and as the church and scfi.ooIhouse stood in the way, 
resolved to remove the obstructive buildings and erect a new church instead. This was no doubt the apparent 
sequence oif events. But I suspect that the real inwardness of the matter was that Mr. Dyke found the old 
church — ^built, of course, by the Dutch — ^ugly and heavy in look, and in fact, for the walls were about 5 feet 
thick, the doors and windows were as deep and massive as castle gates almost, and an infinite number of coats 
of whitewash were peeling off the walls — and probably made up his mind to see in its place a daintier, airier 

structure the very opposite of the clumsy old building in all respects, and that he seized upon the curve 

in the road as a convenient excuse for carrying out his design. This, of course, is only a surmise There 

were inside the church a good many past Dutch administrators, their wives and children, lying buried. Their 

crumbling bones were taken up with aU care, and re-interred in the present St. John's Church burial 

ground. There were, so I was told, the remains of a lady which were found in face and figure almost as fresh as 

life, but they crumbled to dust in a few minutes after exposure I do not know what the schoolhouse was 

originally intended by the Dutch builders for. There was, besides, a number of rooms large and small, one large 

haU with a gallery next the chancel of the church, with one common wall between I think it was in 

1860 the last traces of the church and schoolhouse disappeared." (J. M. Hensman in the " St. John's College 
Magazine," 1906.) 

The schoolroom was probably the chancel of the Portuguese Church. 
Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

828 . . March 31 . . Charlotte Elizabeth Pargiter Sacred to the memory of Chaelotte Elizabeth 
1849 Paegiteb, the beloved wife of the Reverend 

RoBEBT Pargitee, Church Missionary at this 

Station aged 33 years. 

Her remains are interred in a vault in front of the 
chancel. 

The Rev. Robert Pargiter succeeded the Rev. James 
Talbot Johnstone, who was the first Priacipal of the 
Chundikuh Seminary, now St. John's College, in 
1847, and was Principal until 1864, when he left for 
Nuwara Eliya. He had come out as a Wesleyan 
Missionary, but left that connection and was ordained 
Deacon and Priest in 1846 and 1847, respectively, by 
Bishop Chapman. In 1865-1876 and again in 1878- 
1886 he held the office in England gf Association 
Secretary of the C. M. S. , andin 1885 he Was appointed 
Vicar of Towersey, Diocese of Oxford. "He was 
twice married in Ceylon, first to a Miss Jones in 1844, 
and secondly to Anna Matilda, born 1832, daughter of 
the Rev. J. D. Palm, senior, of the Wolvendaal Church 
(see No. 398), in 1851. Both marriages were solem- 
nized at Holy Trinity Churah , Colombo . He had a son , 



( 232 ,) 



St. John's Church, Chundikuli, Jaffna — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


828 ., 


March 31 . 
1849 


Charlotte Elizabeth Pargiter- 

contd. 



829 



June 13 
1863 



Edwyn Stanhope White- 
house 



830 



June 17 
1863 



, . Catherine Emily Pole 



Inscription. 
- Robert Stott Pargiter, C.C.S., who died as Assistant 
Agent of Negombo in 1876; also two daughters, 
one of whom, Eliza Annie, married Reginald Carolus 
Pole, CCS. (1862-1883), on March 22, 1864; and 
the other, Charlotte Matilda, on May 9, 1877, at 
GaUe, his brother, John Pole, a planter of Dikoya.who 
is still in the Island, and much interested in imple- 
ments of the stone age. R. C Pole died in 1897. 
He had a son, Reginald Carolus Stuart Pole, bom 
December 10, 1864, who was for a time in the 
Ceylon Survey Department. The Rev. R. Pargiter 
is stm Uving (1910), aged 94, 

Sacred to the memory of Edwyn Stanhope White- 
house, Esqr., who departed this life at Jaffna 
aged 39 years. 

Also an inscription on his tomb in the churchyard 
adjoining. He was one of the pioneer coconut 
planters in the Jaffna Peninsula and the proprietor of 
Mukamalai coconut estate near Kodikamam, and 
was the only European planter with whom Mr. Dyke 
had much to do. 

" Cotton culture on a large scale was tried in the 
Jaffna Peninsvda by the brothers Whitehouse and 
Messrs. Clarke and Hardy between 1837 and 1846, 
and it was conclusively proved that it could not be 
carried on so as to pay European enterprise." 
(A. M. Ferguson,) (See No. 174.) He bought over 
5,000 acres of Crown land in Pachchilapallai, which 
were the subject of an inquiry in the Land Resump- 
tion Ordinance in 1906. He died intestate. 

Hemarriedat Jaffna, March 23, 1847, EUza Maria le 
Marchand, whose younger sister, Ellen Julia, married • 
Thomas Clark , December 1 1 , 1 849 , at Jaffna. Thomas 
Clark founded the firm of Clark, Spence & Co., of 
Galle, about 1866. He had been in the H. E. I. Oo.'s 
service (Indian Navy), and left it to become first a 
coconut, and then a coffee, planter. As a coconut 
planter he was the manager of Sir Herbert Maddock's 
estate of Kelvelmoere, on which he built a large 
bungalow, to the cost of which Sir Herbert, who 
visited Jaffna in 1853, took exception, with the result 
that Mr. Clark left. His son; Thomas Staines Clark, 
is a partner in Messrs. Clark , Young & Co. of Colombo. 
E. S. Whitehouse was a brother of C A. Whitehouse 
(see No. 174). The Misses le Marchand resided at 
Jaffna with their father Michael Joseph le Marchand. 
A brother, FrancLs Wharton le Marchand, was 
Manager of the O. B. C. at Kandy, and married 
Alice Capel Higgs (died Kandy, January 24, 1849). 

Sacred to the memory of Catherine EMiLy, the 
beloved \vife of Heney Pole, Esqr., C.C.S., and 
fifth daughter of Joseph Price, Esq., C.C.S. 
aged 27 years. 

Gentle, most affectionate and confiding, a faithful 
wife, a loving and obliging friend, charitable to all, 
and fuU of gratitude for little kindnesses, humbly 
hut firmly beUeving in the Lamb of God whose 
most precious blood cleanseth from all sin, her 
sole trust was in Him. Her remains are interred 
by the side of her mother, Eliza Tolee Peice, in 
the north-east portion of the burial ground belong- 
ing to this Church. 

This memorial is erected by her ever sorrowing 
husband. 

June 17th, A.D. 1864. 

She was born May 7 , 1835. She married at Jaffna, 
on February 2, 1853, Henry Pole, who was in the 
Civil Service, 1845-71. He was Police Magistrate, 
MuUaittivu, from August 1,1845; ditto atGallefrom 
July 1, 1847; ditto at Jaffna, July 7, 1848; Assistant 
Government Agent, Mannar, May 1, 1867; District 
Judge, Matara, 1861, and of Batticaloa; and retired 
April 1, 1871. 

He was related to the Pole-Carews and the BuUers 
of Morval, and uncle of R. C. Pole, C.C.S,, and of John 
Pole, who are sons of his brother, the Rev. Reginald 
Pole. A daughter of the latter, Henrietta Maria, 



{ 233 ) 



St. John's Church, Chundikuli, Jaffna — contd. 



Serial No. 
830 .. 



Date. 

June 17 
1863 



Name. 
Catherine Emily Pole — c(ynM. 



Inscription, 
married H. F. Mutukistna, Deputy Queen's Advo- 
cate, April 9, 1865. Mrs. Eliza Toler Price was a 
twin daughter of Dr. George Burleigh, the other 
twin being Catherine Vassall, who married Captain 
Powell, C.R.R. She was born February 4, 1808, and 
was married to Joseph Price at the house of the 
Sitting Magistrate, Kayts, by the Rev. Joseph Knight, 
on February 11, 1825; she died in 1860. Joseph 
Price retired on April 17, 1862, as District Judge of 
JafEna. He joined the CivU Service January 1 , 1821 , 
and spent 37 out of his 41 years' service at Jaffna, as 
Sitting Magistrate, Assistant to the Collector, Fiscal, 
and District Judge. He was Collector of Batticaloa 
from February, 1825, to April, 1827, and of Mannar 
for the year following. He died March 20, 1864. 
(See No. 800.) 



Chundikuli Churchyard, Jaffna. 



831 



Sept. 27 
1865 



Alexander Murray 



832 



Oct. 9 
1867 



Pereival Acland Dyke 



Sacred to the beloved memory of Alexander 

MuBBAY, District Judge of Jaffna aged 

52, and to an infant son and daughter. 

He was appointed Government Counsel for 
Prisoners, July 18, 1846; Government Reporter to 
the Supreme Court, December 11, 1846; Acting 
Police Magistrate and Commissioner of Requests, 
Calpentyn, 1847 ; Deputy Queen's Advocate, Southern 
Circuit, October 13, 1849 ; ditto. Northern Circuit, 
1850; Acting District Judge, Batticaloa, January 1, 
1859 ; ditto Kandy, July 16, 1862. He was amember 
of the Scottish Bar, and was admitted an Advocate 
of the Ceylon Bar in 1849. He was the father of 
Colin Alexander Murray, I.S.O., Ceylon Civil Service, 
1868-1904 ; of the late Alexander Murray, Director 
of Public Works, Straits Settlements ; of Sir George S. 
Murray, sometime a member of the Legislative Coim,cil 
at Singapore; and .of William Murray, late Ceylon 
Police, renowned as a sportsman in his time. 

Peecival Acland Dyke, C.C.S., more than 40 years 
Govt. Agent of the Northern Province, born in 
1805, who died in his tent at Koppay 

Also a tablet in St. Peter's Chiu-ch, Colombo, 
in which his second Christian name is misspelt 
" Ackland " (see No. 36). He belonged to the 
Aclands of Devon and the Dykes of Somersetshire. 
In the eighteenth century Sir Thomas Acland married 
the daughter and heiress of Thomas Dyke of Tetton, 
Somersetshire. 

" For some time past alarming accounts had been 
received of his health, but yet we were inclined to 
believe that there was no danger, from the fact that 
he was known to attend to business. About three 
weeks ago it was aimounced that he had summoned 
his Principal Assistant, Mr. Twynam, from Mannar 
to be ready to assist liim in case he should get worse. 
Letters dated the 5th stated that no hope was enter- 
tained of his recovery. He would touch nothing, and 
seemed to be dj^ng from weakness. On the 6th, 
however, he began to take noiu-ishment, and for a 
time appeared to be gradually improving'. On the 
8th he was reported " much better, rapidly improv- 
ing." This proved, however, the flicker of the flame 
before it dies out. At 5 in the morning, as a friend 
writes (the telegram said 3), he expired " quite happy 

and easy in his mind and clear to the last 

after five-and-forty years of unremitting devoted 
service Mr. Dyke died in harness, leaving behind him 
a memory which will be fondly cherished by every, 
well-wisher to Ceylon as well as by the natives whom 
he so impartially and judiciously governed. We use 
that last word advisedly,, for Mr. Dyke was in every 



( 234 ) 

Chundikuli Churchyard, Jaffna — contd. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

832 . . Oct. 9 . . Percival Acland Dyke — contd. sense a Rajah in Ja£Ena, and the JafEaa people invari- 
1867 ably treated him. as such. They knew they were safe 

in his hands, and they liked him ; but his disciplinarian 
habits astounded them, and we doubt if there is or 
ever has been a Government Agent so thoroughly 
feared. At the appearance of Mr. Dyke the most 
forward Jaffna youth (and none of them are remark- 
able for their modesty) would subside into awe, and 
as ' the great man ' always travelled in state, his 
visit to an outlying part of the province was an event 
to be dreaded, though appreciated, and above all to 
be long remembered. Notwithstanding his austerity, 
however, the natives always felt that Mr. Dyke was 
a friend, because he took such an absorbing interest 
in native affairs, and because he defended their claims 
against all other classes 

" Those unconnected with Government who visited 
Jaffna have often complained of the hauteur and 
brusqueness of the late Government Agent, and they 
had doubtless some reason so to do. Mr. Dyke for 
some time appears to have held the old Indian theory 
that interlopers were to be avoided ; but we must 
question whether the conduct of some of those gentlemen 
did not make his dislike to their presence greater than 
it would otherwise have been. However, latterly we 
learn his whole bearing was much more conciliatory, 
and there are few of the Planting and Mercantile- 
Community of Jaffna who will not deeply deplore the 
event which has deprived them of such a Government 
Agent. 

" The point of his character which assumed hauteur 
to outsiders, we need hardly remind our readers, 
appeared as independence to even the highest 
Government officials. The refusal to accept a higher 
salary than was appropriated by the Select Conamittee 
of 1858 to his office and successor ; his appeal 'to 
public opinion through the columns of this journal 
(which led to the promulgation of the ' Gagging 
Minute ' by Sir Charles MacCarthy), when Red 
Tapeism assailed him where he could not defend 
himself ; his recent refusal to receive the Governor 
as his guest ; — will all be fresh in the recollection of 
our readers, and will stir up in them that feeling 
which ' pluck ' never fails to command. That he 
was unbending to a fault, — even obstinate, — we are 
constrained to confess ; that he seldom or never 
deserted a hobby, and that he frequently missed, 
golden opportunities, we admit ; but the enterprise 
he exhibited himself and to which he stimulated 
others, the real interest in native welfare, the 
open-handed charity he displayed, threw all these 
faults into the shade 

' ' He commenced life in the Navy, and was a Mid- 
shipman when he was appointed to the Ceylon Civil 
Service on May 15, 1822, being then, we believe,^ 
only seventeen years of age. He came out with 
Sir Edward Barnes in the Hercules. His first 
appointment was Extra vVssistant in the Colonial 
Secretary's Office, to which he was gazetted January 
18, 1824. On March 1 he became Assistant to the 
Collector at Jaffna, and on February 1, 1825, Fiscal 
and Sitting Magistrate of that station. He left 
Jaffna in February, 1827, for Trincomalee, and held 
' the offices there successively of Provincial Judge and 

Collector till October, 1829, when he returned to 
Jaffna as its Collector, w^iich office (" Government 
Agent " as it was afterwards called) he held till 
January, 1843, when he was induced, principally by 
the strong persuasion of his friend, Mr. Anstruther, 
who had the highest opinion of Mr. Dyke's merits, 
but contrary, as was well known at the time, to his 
own inclinations, to take the office of Auditor- 
General and to join the Executive and Legislative 
Councils. Before the end of that year, however, at 
his earnest request, he was permitted to give up the 
Audit Office and to return to the Kachcheri at Jaffna, 
'which he held till his death.* When Mr. Anstruther 
vacated the office of Colonial Secretary, the post 

* The statement on his tomb that he was " more than 40 years Government Agent " is not correct. It should be " 3S 
years." He was 4 years " Collector " and 34 years " Government Agent." 



( 235 ) 

Chundikuli Churchyard, Jaffna— cowifZ. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

832 . . Oct. 9 ,. Percival Aeland Dyke — contd. was offered to Mr, Dyke, and it was only on his 

1867 refusal to accept the same that the Secretary of 

State was solicited to send a gentleman out, and 
Sir James Emerson Tennent was selected by Earl 
Derby. This steady refusal of promotion , which would 
have secured him the highest place in the Civil Service, 
anda largeamoim.tof power and patronage, and would 
in aU probability (fromthehigh estimate formed of him 
in Downing street) have opened to him much higher 
colonial honours, is an evidence of the extreme con- 
scientiousness which always distinguished him. His 
friends who had long known him and worked with him 
— foremost among these, Mr. Anstruther — ^believed 
him fully equal to the place, and felt confident that a 
man of Mr. Dyke's farseeing views, close habits of 
thought and reasoning, and mature judgment would 
have been invaluable in the Cotmcils of Government. 
But Mr. Dyke was not the man to undertake that 
which he felt he was not fully equal to— he would 
not, under any circumstances, condescend to wear 
false appearances. Retiring in his habits, he shrunk 
from scenes likely to draw men's eyes upon him ; 
devoted to a province in which he had spent his life, 
whose interests had absorbed his attention, and whose 
wants he thoroughly understood, he doubted his 
capacity to adnunister the affairs of the Island 
generally, and no inducements, with increased 
emolvmients, or power, or patronage opened to him, 
could induce him to swerve from the strict line of duty. 

' ' He went home only once for the benefit of his health 
in January, 1861, but he remained in England for 
eight months only, although his leave extended over 
eighteen. Mr. Dyke took an active part in the 
preparation of the Road Ordinance (No. 8 of 1848), 
which has been the means of so much good, over- 
spreading the coxmtry with a network of roads 
calculated to benefit all classes of the people. He 
was also for a long series of years the Superintendent* 
(ex-officio) of the Pearl Fishery, until Mr. Vane was 
appointed for that special duty in 1860. In 1858 
the Legislative Council, as we already mentioned, 
reduced the salary of the Agency from £1,500 to 
£1,200 per annum, Mr. Dyke being allowed the 
former salary till the occurrence of a vacancy. This 
gave rise to a very able representation from Mj". Dyke, 
who refuse:! to draw his salary at the former rate so 
long as the Council thought that it was assigned to 
him as a matter of favour ; it was humiliation to him 
to receive unearned remuneration. The result was 
that the Secretary of State took part with him against 
Sir Henry Ward's Government, and another Ordinance 
(No. 11 of 1859) was passed to put the salaries of the 
Northern Province on a right footing. During his 
tenure of office as Auditor-General in 1843, lasting 
only for eleven months, we understand that a marvel- 
lous change took place in the system of the Audit 
Ofiice. The code of new instructions (1847) and 
improved forms respecting accounts originated, it 
seems, with the late Government Agent, to whom 
the Lords of Her Majesty's Treasury paid a high 
compliment for his sound judgment in these matters. 

" The revenue of the Northern Province, under 
Mr. Dyke's administration, increased between the 
years 1838 and 1858 from £27,000 to £41,000 without 
the pearl fishery, and to £65,000 with it. In 1859 the 
revenue without the pearl fishery was £44,384 ; in 
1862 it rose to £47,580; in 1866 it was £51,583." 
(Colombo Observer.) 

Sir William Twynam's mother, then Mrs. Hawkins, 
widow of a naval officer, Lieutenant Hawkins, and 
daughter of Major Summerfield of the 83rd, came out 
to Ceylon in a man-of-war, and Mr. Dyke, then a 
little boy, was, by a curious coincidence, a midshipman 
on the ship, and used to run to Mrs. Hawkins in his 
troubles with the other middies . Mrs . Hawkins married 
Captain Thomas Holloway Twynam, and her son, 
now Sir William Crofton Twynam, K.C.M.G., was 
destined to be, after a short interval, Mr. Dyke's 
successor in the Northern Province, and to retire in 
1896 with a service of 50 years, exceeding even that 
of his venerated chief. Between them they adminis- 
tered the Province for 66 years. 



( 236 ) 



Chundikuli Churchyard, Jaffna— cow^c?. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


833 .. 


March 24 . 
1868 


Harriet Pilkington 



834 



June 25 
• 1873 



James Frederick Layard 



835 



Aug. 30 
1875 



Robert John Dunlop 



836 
837 



838 



839 



1879 



Aug. 19 
1883 



March 13 
1890 

April 27 
1895 



£. B. Biackmore 



Inscription. 

Sacred to the memory of Harriet, the beloved wife 
of Joseph Brabazon Pilkington, Ceylon Civil 
Service aged 28 years. 

Her children rise up and call her blessed. — Prov., 
chap. 31, verse 25. 

J. B. Pilkington was appointed a Writer, Februarjr 
6, 1867, and Police Magistrate, Kayts, February 1, 
1868. There was a namesake, H. T. Pilkington, who 
was Acting Deputy Postmaster-General, and died on 
the voyage home in August, 1871. 

In memory of James Frederick, eldest son of 
Jane and J. G. Layard, late Ceylon Civil Service 
aged 25 years. 

He was bom October 21, 1848. James Gay Layard 
retired from the Civil Service on pension on February 
28, 1851, on £100 a year. He was thirteenth child of 
Charles Edward Layard and was called after James 
Gay, C.C.S., 1808-1820, who was know as "The 
Duke." J. G. Layard married, on December 8, 1846, 
Anne Campbell. He died on November 28, 1894. 

To the memory of Robert John DTI^^LOE, who 
departed this hfe at Jaffna, aged 60 years. 

Not lost but gone before. His end was peace. 

He married, on July 6, 1847, at JafEna, Emilia, 
daughter of George Shaw Brook. He was a coconut 
planter on lyakachchai East, Pallai, and was in 
charge of Tatchahkadoo, belonging to Major Catherst, 
in 1862. His wife died on June 10, 1853, and was 
buried in Chvindikxili Churchyard (no inscription). 
(See No. 709.) 

E. B. Blackmore, CM.S. Died 



Christopher Edmonds 



840 



Dec. 19 
1901 



In memory of Rev. 
1879. 

Sacred to the memory of Christopher Edmonds, 
CCS. Bom Sept. 17th, 1853 

He was in the Civil Service 1876-1883, and was 
Assistant Collector of Customs, Jaffna, at the time of 
his death. He was the only son of C. W. L. Edmonds, 
of Bishopstowe, Wiltshire. 

Sacred to the memory of Edward Mottle Griffith, 
Missionary, C.M.S., aged 47, who died at NeUore 
after 8 years' labour in JafEna. 

Helen Plxjmptre Thorpe, the dear wife of William 
Edward Thorpe of the Ceylon Civil Service 

aged 26 years. 

Quid tantum insano juvat indulgere dolori 
Dulcis conjux. Non hsec sine numine Divum 
eveniunt. 

The quotation is from Virgil, .^Eneid, IE., 776-7. 
W. B. Thorpe joined 1891, and was Office Assistant 
to the Govemnient Agent at the time. 

Cecil Sophia Margaret Geddes In loving memory of Cecil Sophia Margaret 

Geddes, widow of the late J. G. Geddes, of Pallai, 
Ceylon. Born May 22, 1842. Died in JafEna 



Edward Moule Griffith 



Helen Plumptre Thorpe 



841 



842 



Dec. 9 

1885 

Dec. 12 
1892 

Nov. 4 
1909 



Charles Henry Paterson 
Georgina Paterson 

Kenneth Perks 



Erected by her sorrowing children. 

She was seventh and youngest daughter of Joseph 
Price, C.C.S., and married, on December 14, 1866, at 
Jaffna, John Gordon Geddes, coconut planter at 
Pallai, youngest son of Captain Alexander Geddes of 
the 42nd Regiment. 

Sacred to the memory of Charles Henry Paterson 

aged 59 years ; and Georgina, his wife, 

aged 69 years. 

C. H. Paterson was lessee of Kayankadu and 
Narundan coconut estates, Pallai, in 1868. 

Kenneth, younger son of Alfred and Elizabeth 

Alice Perks, who died at JafEna iahis 26th 

year. Erected by his friends in the Civil Service. 

He was Police Magistrate of Jaffna. He had only 
joined in 1907. He was a victim to enteric. 



( 237 ) 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


843 .. 


Dec. 16 

1848 


, . Elizabeth O'Neill 



Nellore Church and Churchyard, Jaffna. 

St. James's Church, NeUore, stands on the site of au old Portuguese-Dutch Church, and a portion of the 
former building was probably incorporated in the present church, which belongs to the Church Missionary Society. 
Nellore was one ol the Portuguese-Dutch " parishes " of Jaffna. 

Inscription. 
. . Sacred to the memory of Elizabeth, the beloved 
wife of Eevd. James O'Neill, who departed this 
life on the 16th of December, 1848, set. 27. After 
the short space of 2 years & 9 months, spent in 
mission labour, she exchanged earth for heaven. 
Some of her last words were, "Very, very, very 
happy." Her life though short was useful, and 
her death blessed. 

A tablet in the church. 

The Rev. James O'Neill was ordained priest at the 
Fort Church, the first Church of England ordination 
at Jaffna. 

. . Sacred to the memory of A. E. Osboene, who 
departed this life January 25th, 1855, in the faith 
of her Redeemer. 

. . Sacred to the memory of Mary Ajstne, beloved and 
devoted wife of Rev. Thomas Eoulkbs, Church 
Missionary Society, Madras, and daughter of 
Revd. E. B. Ashley , Vicar of Woobum, Bucks, who 
died at NeUore, Feby. 6th, 1859, aged 22 years. 
A meek and quiet spirit which is in the sight of God 
of great price. Her remains are buried in this 
church in a vault near this spot. 
" Woobum" (sic) foy Woburn. 



844 



845 



Jan. 25 
1855 

Feb. 6 
1859 



A. E. Osborne 



Mary Anne Foulkes 



St. Mary's Cathedral, Jaffna. 



846 



July 15 
1849 



Robert William Langslow. 



2k 



To the memory of Robeet Wm. Langslow, Esq., 
B. A. , Deputy Queen's Advocate of Jaffna. Eldest 
son of RoBT. Langslow, Esq., late District Judge 
of Colombo. Bom at Shropshire, 14th August, 
1819 

The inscription referred to is of interest from the 
parentage of the subject of it. His mother was an 
aunt of William Makepeace Thackeray. His father, 
Robert Langslow, married Sarah Jane Henrietta 
(commonly called Sehna) Thackeray, a sister of 
Richmond Thackeray, of the Bengal Civil Service, 
the novelist's father. It is interesting, in view of 
Mr. Langslow's somewhat stormy career in Malta and 
Ceylon, to learn from Lady RitcHie, Thackeray's 
daughter, that her father always spoke with great 
affection of Mr. Langslow. The late Lord Chief 
Baron, Sir F. Pollock, married a daughter of Captain 
Richard Langslow, brother of Robert Langslow, 
senior. 

Sir William Hunter, in his book " The Thackerays 
in India," states that one of Richmond Thackeray's 
eisters " married the Attorney-General of Ceylon," 
but Robert Langslow was Attorney-General, not of 
Ceylon, but of Malta. Mrs. Langslow was bom on 
August 7, 1797, and married Robert Langslow at 
St. Bride's, Fleet street, October 3, 1818 ; died on 
April 8, 1847, at Powis place, Bloomsb\iry, and was 
buried at the West London Cemetery. Robert 
Langslow was bom August 22, 1790, died at New 
Inn, in the Strand, on December 9, 1853, and was 
buried at the West London Cemetery. 

Robert Langslow was a barrister of the Middle 
Temple, and went the Western Circuit. In 1832 he 
was appointed Attorney-General of Malta. Soon 
after Sir Henry Bouverie's appointment to the Gover- 
norship in 1836 differences arose between him and 
Mr. Langslow. The result was that the Attorney- 
Generalship was abolished. Mr. Langslow was next 
appointed District Judge of Colombo South , with a 

82-09 



( 238 ) 

St. Mary's Cathedral, Jaffna— cow^cZ. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

846 . . July 15 . . Robert William LangslOW — contd. promise of promotion to the Supreme Court. H© 
1849 succeeded W. C. Gibson — date of appointment 

January 27, 1841 — and came out to Ceylon by the 
Symmetry, which arrived on July 18, his fellow 
passengers being W. Gaskell and D. M. Watt and 
Mr. and Mrs. Mackwood. It is noteworthy that this 
was the first appointment of a barrister from England 
to the Colombo District Court Bench, such appoint- 
ments having hitherto been held by members of the 
Civil Service, and it was in consequence of a 
representation from the Ceylon public to the Home 
Government. In 1842 friction arose between Mr. 
Langslow and the local Government , which culminated 
in Ms suspension by Governor Sir Cohn Campbell in 
December, 1843, and eventually in his dismissal by 
the Home Government (Lord Stanley's) in 1844, 
on charges of '' dilatory justice, and insubordination 
and contempt towards the Governor." He returned 
to England in May, 1845, petitioned Parliament to 
reconsider his case in December, 1846, and it came 
before the House of Commons, when Messrs. Escott 
and F. Baring pleaded his cause, but without 
success ; while in the press it was advocated by the 
Spectator and the Daily News. Earl Grey had taken 
the same view as Lord Stanley, and Mr. Gladstone 
had also refused to re-open the question, but a 
promise was given by the Home Government that he 
would be eUgible for re-employment. Mr. Langslow 
appears to have been an able man ; but at the same 
time very eccentric , and with a tendency to oppose 
all constituted authority. The Chief Justices of 
Malta and Ceylon (the latter being Sir A. Oliphant) 
both bore the highest testimony to his character, 
and Sir Colin Campbell himself admitted that he 
was indefatigable in the discharge of his duty. Sir 
H. Bouverie, on the other hand, regarded him as 
" an enemy to all persons in authority," and charges 
had been made in Malta that he had supported his 
son (the subject of this inscription) against the Magis- 
trates, and that he had "led a factious and discon- 
tented party to embarrass the Government." 

Of his eccentricity as District Judge of Colombo 
South there are numerous instances. In January, 
1842, soon after his arrival, he put an advertisement 
in the Colombo Journal, intimating that his law books 
woTild be sold by auction, "solely because the owner 
has now ascertained that he cannot any longer afford, 
out of the small salary paid to him as a Judge, to keep 
up a law library for the service in effect of the Govern- 
ment and the public." He gave this sale as a reason 
for fearing that he might not be able to discharge his 
duties as efficiently as their importance demanded. 

A dispute had arisen between the Queen's Advocate 
and himself as to the cases to be committed for trial 
before him. Having permitted 338 criminal cases to 
accumulate before him, he locked up the whole of the 
records and sent them to the Queen's Advocate, 
suspending the administration of justice because he 
happened to be engaged in a mere technical dispute 
with him. 

He commented on the conduct of the Judges of the 
Supreme Court in setting aside a conviction of his , in 
which he had sentenced Lieut. Pugh of the 95th to a 
fine and to imprisonment for lashing a native with his 
whip within the precincts of the Court, that "however 
they might feel such conduct consistent with their 
oaths he could not, and if it was to be again tried he 
would inflict the imprisonment before the appeal 
could be had." The defence was that the lashing 
was accidental. 

Of R. W. Langslow's short career there is little to 
record. He was bom at Worcester (not "at Shrop- 
shire " as stated in the inscription) ; entered at Jesus 
College, Cambridge ; was Assistant Secretary of the 
District Court, Colombo South, and pro tern. Secretary 
of an Association called "The Society of the Friends 
of Ceylon" (March, 1843); was appointed Deputy 
Queen's Advocate of the Northern Circuit ; married 
Elizabeth Johanna, daughter of John Gerard 
Kriekenbeek, Advocate and Dutch Interpreter to the 
Supreme Comt, on January 30, 1845, at Jaffna. 



( 239 ) 

St. Mary's Cathedral, Jaffna— cowi^Z. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Iiiscription. 

846 . . July 15 . . Robert William Langslow— conirf. " He had been dining the evening before his death 
1849 with Capt. Campsie of the Rifles in perfect health, 

but during the night he was seized with cholera and 
expired after an attack of a few hours' duration." 
(Ceylon Times, July 20, 1849.) 

While Assistant Secretary of the District Court of 
Colombo South he brought an action in that Court, 
of which his father was Judge, against Mr. Whiting, 
District Judge of Colombo North, for having assumed 
the office of Judge without authority, and having 
tried him for an assault on Mr. F. J. Saunders, CCS. , 
at the Queen's Birthday baU of 1842. The case was 
transferred to the Kalutara Court, but in the mean- 
while Mr. Langslow, senior, entered judgment by 
default against his brother Judge of the North Court. 
On appUcation to the Supreme Court the case was 
dismissed. 

J. G. Kriekenbeek died at Colombo, April 3, 1826, 
aged 54, and is buried in the Pettah Cemetery, where 
there is an inscription. Mrs. R. W. Langslow died on 
January 2, 1888. 

R. W. Langslow's son, also Robert, bom September 
20, 1847, was educated at the Gregorian University, 
Rome, was a Knight of the Holy Sepulchre, a Ph.D. , 
and a Lieutenant in the Notts Militia, entered the 
Ceylon Survey Department in 1877, and in 1888 was 
Acting District Engineer at Kuala Lumpur, Perak. 
He married Maria Josephine Teresa,, daughter of 
Francis Dickson, Assistant Collector of Customs, 
Trincomalee, August 30, 1880. 

The District Judge's second son, William, who also 
figured in the disputes in Malta and Ceylon, was 
Uving unmarried in 1868. There are no Langslows 
now in the Island. 

This was not the only connection between the great 
novelist and the Island. On May 2, 1804, Thomas 
Thackeray Rennell was appointed First Assistant to 
the Agent of Revenue of GaUe and Matara, he was 
appointed Assistant to the Agent at Jaffna, November 
5, 1806, and he left Ceylon for England on February 
'23,1810. He was , no doubt , a son of Jane Thackeray , 
a sister of the novelist's grandfather, William Make- 
peace Thackeray, of the Bengal Civil Service, by her 
marriage with Major James Rennell of the H.E.I.CS. , 
who was the leading geographer in England, if not 
in Eiorope, for a period of fifty years. (See " The 
Thaekerays in India," by Sir W. Hunter, pp. 77-8,) 



St. Peter's Wesleyan Chapel, Pettah, Jaffna. 

847 .. March 1 .. William Walton ,. Sacred to the memory of the Kev. Wm. Walton, 

1866 Wesleyan Missionary, bom at Stalybridge, 

• England, Deer. 24, 1834, died at Madras....*.. 
A laborious and faithful minister. His last words 
were " I am going to Glory." 

848 . . Nov. 7 . . John Mitchell . . Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Johu Mitchell, 

1866 Wesleyan Missionary, born at Loughborough, 

England, Aug. 9th, 1839, died of Cholera at Jaffna, 
Ceylon, Nov. 7th, 1866, whilst ministering to the 
wants of the afficted. His end was peace. 

849 . . May 26 . . Fanny Lily Rhodes . . In affectionate remembrance of Fanny Lily, the 

1870 beloved wife of the Rev. John 0. Rhodes, Wes- 
leyan Missionary, Jaffna 

850 .. 1889 .. John Kilner .. Ingratefulmemory of theRev. JohnKilner, D.D., 

for 28 years a wise, devoted, and successful 
missionary to the Tamil people, who loved him, 
and afterwards a general Secretary of the Wesleyan 
Missionary Society. This tablet is erected by 
T. M. Tampu, P.M. Bom 1824. Died 1889. 

851 . . Sept. 29 . . F. W. Newham . . Ld memory of the Rev. E. W. Newham, bom at 

1893 . Dewsbury, England, May 16th, 1869, died by 

carriage accident at Point Pedro, Ceylon 

Short toil, eternal rest. 
Erected by his brother missionaries. 



( 240 ) 



St. Peter's Wesleyan Chapel, Pettah, Jaffna — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


852 .. 


June 1 
1902 


. . Annie E. Stephenson 



Inscription. 

In affectionate memory of Annie E. Stephenson, 

born 27th Sept., 1866 who by her beautiful 

character, tender love for children, and devotion 
to the women of this country rendered faithful 
service for 11 years as a missionary in Jaffna. 

This tablet is erected by her co-workers. 



Graveyard of St. Peter's Wesleyan Chapel, Jaffna. 



853 ., 



854 ., 



1817 
1818 

March 7 
1824 



Thomas Falkner Osborne 
Susan Osborne 

Mary Carver 



Sacred to the memory of Thomas Palknek Osborne, 
who died in infancy, 1817. Also of Susan 
Osborne, who died in infancy, 1818. 

Mary, wife of the Rev. Robert Carver, aged 

20 years. 



Christ Church, Pettah, Jaffna. 

855 .. Feb. 19 .. Peter Frederick Toussaint . . Sacred to the memory of Peter Frederick Totrs- 
1861 saint, Esq., District Judge of Point Pedro. Born 

29th Octr., 1792 

Erected by his son, John Toussaint, Esq. 

(An attempt has been made to obliterate the " Esq." 
in the last line.) 

P. F. Toussaint was Sitting Magistrate of Chava- 
kachcheri in 1823-24, and of Point Pedro 1824-33, 
becoming District Judge in 1833. He was also 
Assistant Collector of Customs at Point Pedro. He 
married Anna Elisabeth Gratiaen, who died at 
Batticaloa, August 30, 1861, daughter of Gustavus 
Adolphus Gratiaen by his second wife, Maria Euphro- 
sine van der Sprinkel, daughter of Pieter van der 
Sprinkel and Euphrosine KeUens. 

Peter Erederick Toussaint was the son of Barent 
Justinus Toussaint and Rebecca Nagel, and grandson 
of Johannes Toussaint and Anna Elisabeth Krieken- 
beek. Johannes Toussaint was son of Louis Toussaint 
and Maria Comelisz, and"- grandson of Mattheus 
Toussaint, of Doornik (Tournay -Belgium), and Angela 
Rodriguez. Gustavus Adolphus Gratiaen was the 
son of Johannes Franoisous Gratiaen, of Bruges 
(Belgium), and Anna Aletta Kokaart, and grandson 
of Michael Gratiaen, a carpet manufacturer of Bruges. 

A correspondent of the Oolombo Observer of March 
7, 1861, writes : " In the demeanour of Mr. Toussaint, 
gravity, patience, and urbanity were exhibited. He 
exhibited nothing of that captious bearing towards 
the counsel who appeared before him. In domestic 
life he was without a stain, whether of temper or 
principle. Singularly able and of unblemished 
purity, he moreover exhibited aU those quaUties that 
make a man respected and beloved. His unselfish- 
ness, tenderness, and condescension as a parent — his 
urbanity and polished manners as a gentleman, 
ehcited for him the respect and esteem of all who 
knew him — ^his gay and cheerful spirits even in 
advanced hfe, all, all, contributed to make him 
■almost our idol." This eulogy reminds us of the 
Government Gazette of early days. 

The bearers at his fiuieral at the Pettah Cemetery 
were the Rev. R. Pargiter, Messrs. L. Liesching, R. J. 
Diinlop, and G. S. Brook. 



( 241 ) 



Serial No. 
856 .. 



Uduvil Church (American Mission), Jaffna District. 

Date. Name. Inscription. 

Jan. 11 . . Harriet Wadsworth Winslow In memory of Habeiet Wadswobth, wife of Rev. 
1833 MiBON Winslow, who was born April 9, 1796. 



857 



March 10 
1838 

March 13 
1838 



John M. S. Perry 
Harriet Joanna Perry 



858 
859 
860 



June 8 
1844 

Sept. 3 
1849 

June 14 
1883 



George Henry Apthorp 



Mary R. Ajfthorp 



Eliza Agnew 



861 



June 18 
1893 

Oct. 26 

1874 



. Levi SpauUing 
Mary Spaulding 



There is also a tablet to the three children of M. and 
H. W. Winslow, the eldest of whom, Harriet Maria, 
died of cholera on November 27, 1825, on the same 
day as the child of the Spauldings, aged 3 years and 
9 months, and at the same place, UduvU. 

The Rev. M. Winslow was afterwards stationed at 
Madras, and was married at Batticotta Church on 
^ March 12, 1845, to Mrs. Mary Dwight, widow of Rev. 
R. O. Dwight, both being then residents of Madras, 
^ by the Rev. John T. Johnston, C.M.S. He married 
thirdly, at Boston, May 20, 1857, EUen Augusta 
Reid. 

Mr. Winslow was the compiler of the " Standard 
Comprehensive Tamil and English Dictionary," 
published at Madras in 1862. He was stationed in 
the Jafina Peninsula in the fifties. 

" The materials collected were transferred to 

the American Mission in Jaffna. From them, in part, 
the Rev. Levi Spaulding, M.A., brought out the 
contemplated Taiml Dictionary," and " in 1852 Mr. 
Spaulding , who had assisted in first prepariag the work , 
brought out a second edition in Jaffna" of the Tanul- 
EngUsh Dictionary, which subsequently in a third 
edition became known as " Winslow' s Dictionary." 
(Preface to " Winslow's Dictionary," p. vii.) 

In memory of the Rev. John M. S. Peeky, Missionary 
of the A. B. C. F. M., who died March 10, 1838, 
aged 32 years, and his wife Haebiet Joanna, who 
died three days later, aged 22 years, both of 
Cholera. 

There was cholera again in the Jaffna Peninsula in 
1838, at Batticotta and at Point Pedro. The Perrys' 
only daughter had been attacked, but had recovered. 
The deaths at Point Pedro were for some time 35 a 
day. 

To the memory of Rev. Geoege Henby Apthoep, 
born May 31, 1798 aged 46 years. 

Maby R. Apthoep, born Mar. 10, 1808 aged 

41 years. 

In memory of Eliza Agnew, born Jany. 2, 1809. 
Forty-three years she laboured for the women of 
Jaffna. Not slothful in business, fervent hx spirit, 

serving the Lord And being dead she yet 

speaketh. 

The Uduvil Girls' Boarding School, commenced in 
1824, " grew to very great importance under the care 
of Miss EUza Agnew, ' the mother of a thousand 
daughters,' as she was lovingly called by the people. 
Domestic duties tied her to her home (in New York) 
until she was a woman of thirty, when the death of 
her only near relation left her free to follow her early 

' impulse, and she was allowed to join the newly- 
established American Mission at Jaffna. There she 

I worked without intermission for forty- three years, 
loved and loving, and teaching several generations, 
the children and even some grandchildren of her first 
pupils. Upwards of a thousand girls studied im^der 
her care." (' ' Two Happy Years in Ceylon," vol. II. , 
p. 360.) 

In memory of Rev. Levi Spatilding, D.D., bom 
August 22, 1791, died at Oodoovil, aged 81 years 
and 10 months. And Maey, his wife, born Oct. 24, 
1795, aged 79 years. 54 years missionaries among 
this people 

They lost their eldest daughter, Sarah Jane, from 
cholera, aged 5 years, on the same day and at the 
same place as the Winslows' child. " Father and 
Mrs. Spaulding and, I think. Father Smith, each gave 
upwards of fifty years' work to Ceylon." (" Two 
Happy Years in Ceylon," vol. 11., p. 369.) 



(242 ) 



Graveyard of American Mission, Uduvil, Jaffna District. 



Serial No. 

862 ., 

863 ., 



864 
865 

866 

867 
868 



Date. 

Jan. 28 
1837 

May 9 
1842 



May 4 
1865 

Nov. 2 
1868 



Aug. 15 
1882 

July 22 
1887 

July 31 
1890 



Name. 

Lucy B. Minor 
Eunice Smitli 



Margaretta P. Robins 



Inscription. 

Mrs. Lucy B. Minor, born July 18, 1809 



ExnsricB, wife of Rev. John C. Smith, bom April 19^ 
1810 

The Rev. Mr. Smith, " Father Smith," was long at 
TelUpaUai, where he established the Industrial School. 

Maegajietta p. Robins aged 28 years. 



Georgiana Kniglit Sanders Georgiana Knight Sanders-, wife of Reverend 

M. D. Sanders, American Missionary, born May 

15, 1825, at Stafford, Conn., U. S. A., died 

at Batticotta, Ceylon. 

Harriet E. Townshend . . Haeimet E. Townshend fell asleep in Jesus 

after 14 years of loving service in Udupiddy Girls'^ 
School. 

Susan Reed Howland . . Susan Reed, the wife of the Rev. Wm. W. Howland, 

born Heath, Mass., U. S. A., Oct. 2, 1819, arrived 
in Jaffna, April, 1846, died at Oodoovil 

Eurotas Parmelee Hastings Rev. E. P. Hastings, D.D., born April 17, 1821 



869 . 


June 2 
1891 


. . Mary Randall Hitchcock 


870 . 


. Aug. 26 
1892 


. . WilUam Ware Howland 



" Here, as in the Haweian Isles, the venerable- 
American missionaries, several of whom have toiled 
here ceaselessly for haK a century, are* affectionately 
designated " Father " of their flock. Thus, the late 
much-loved Principal of the College, Father Hastings, 
is succeeded in office by Father Howland." (" Two- 
Happy Years.in Ceylon," p. 368.) 

Mary Randall Hitchcock, born Febry. 12, 1868^ 



Rev. William Ware Howland, born Brookfields,. 
Mass., Feby. 25, 1817, arrived Jaffna, April, 1846. 



Churchyard of American Mission, Tellippalai, Jaffna District. 



871 



May '7 
1821 



Susan Poor 



In memory of Mrs. Susan Poor, wife of Rev. Daniel. 

Poor, D.D., who died at TiUipaUai aged 31 

years. 

There is also an inscription on this tomb to the 
memory of the Rev. Dr. Poor. 

" At TUUpally, near Jaffiia, Mrs. I'oor, the -wife of 
the Rev. T>. Poor, American Missionary, resident at 
that station. 

' ' This amiable female left America in company -with 
her husband and several others belonging to the same 
Society, with the self-denying, yet truly benevolent 
and Christian design of devoting her future life to the- 
instruction of the Heathen. Possessing a highly- 
cultured mind, -with the most amiable Christian 
disposition, she was well justified for the work to 
which she had volimtarily devoted herself. Her 
career in the retired part of this Island, which the 
Mission chose as the sphere of their labours, was but 
short, and only allowed time sufficient for those who 
were the objects of her anxious care to obtain but a 
faint idea of her superior worth. During her residence 
at TUUpally she entered with aU her heart into the 
design of the Mission, ready on aU occasions to engage 
in anything for the benefit of the Heathen ; her 
watchful eye was ever open to the situation of all 
classes of natives — ever ready to become their 
instructor, their guide, and their protector. In the 
accomplishment of this object she was patient in 
trials, firm in difficulties, and persevering in everything 
that opposed her efforts, and it is worthy of being 
recorded that when called to leave her worii, she had . 
a school of 40 native children under her own immediate 
care and daily instruction. Thus, she lived a short 
but valuable Ufe, which was an ornament to the 
Christian cause. The affliction which terminated the 
life of this valuable member of society, though short, 
was severe. She bore it with resignation, was joyful 
in her sufferings, and to the last moment triumphed,. 



{ 243 ) 



Churchyard of American Mission, Tellippalai, Jaffna HistnGt—contd. 



Serial No, 
871 . 



Date. 

May 7 
1821 



Name. 

Susan TfooT—contd. 



«72 



Aug. 3 
1822 



James Richards 



873 



S74 



Nov. 24 
1825 



April 26 

1825 

Feb. 4 

1837 



Lydia Middleton Woodward 

S. B. Knight 
E. S. Knight 



Inscription. 

in anticipation of the great prospect before her. She 
was highly beloved by the Society of which she was a 
member, was greatly respected and esteemed by all 
who had the pleasure of her acquaintance, and her 
death will be deplored by thousands who knew her in 
her native land. She has left three small children, 
who, with her bereaved husband, will feel and lament 
the loss of such a parent and of such a partner." 
{Gazette, April 19, 1821.) 

Dr. Poor married (2), early in 1823, Miss Knight, 
sister of the Rev. Joseph Knight, C.M.S., who was 
then at Nellore. (See No. 460.) 

In memory of the Rev. James Richaeds, A.M., 

American Missionary aged 36 years, one 

of the Projectors of the first missions from his 
country. He gave himseK to the work. A 
Physician both to the soul and body, he was in 
health laborious, in sickness patient, in death 
triumphant. He was not, for God took him. 

His widow married the Rev. Joseph Knight, C.M.S- 
He arrived with Mrs. Richards, Dr. and Mrs. Poor, 
the Rev. B. Meigs and Mrs. Meigs, and the Rev. E. 
Warren, March 22, 1816. (See No. 460.) 

In memory of Mrs. Lydia M., wife of the Rev. H. 
Woodward aged 30 years. 

Mr. Woodward married again, and his widow, 
Clarissa Emerson Frost, married at Batticotta, on 
December 22, 1836, William Todd, widower. 

Sacred to the memory of Mrs. S. B. Richards 

and of Mrs. B. S. Nichols the 

first and second wives of the Rev. Joseph Knight, 
Missionary of the C. M. Society. 
(See No. 872.) 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


875 .. 


Feb. 3 
1855 


, . Daniel Poor 



Batticotta Churchy Jaffna District. 

Over the door of the Portuguese-Dutch Church, now in the occupation of the American Mission, is an 
inscription in Dutch stating that the church was repaired in 1678, or as it quaintly puts it, " Doen Maken door 
den Hear Commandeur Laurens Pyl." (See No. 774.) 

Inscription. 
. . In memory of the Rev. Daniel Poor, D.D., born at 
Danvers, Mass. , June 27th, 1789, lajxded at Qolombo 
March 22nd, 1816, died at Manepy, Feb'y. 3rd, 
1855. Aged 65 years and 7 months. In him a 
fervent piety uaited with rare gifts to form an 
earnest and successful Missionary. Of a happy 
temper, fertile invention, large charity, and single 
aim, he readily won a strong influence over all 
classes of people, and was widely honoured as a 
Father and Friend. Every great pubHc interest 
secured his zealous advocacy. Deenaing himself a 
debtor to the wise no less than to the unwise, he 
laboured to establish aad further a broad system 
of thorough religious and scientific education as a 
meaps of christianizing heathen learning. For 
eleven years he presided over the Batticotta 
Seminary with distinguished ability. The rest of 
his mission life was spent at TiUypaUy, Manepy, 
and Madura, India, where he threw his whole 
energies into the work he most loved — ^preaching 
the Gospel. Ever looking for and hasting the 
coming of God, he greeted the last sudden summons 
with the joy of the watchful waiting servant. His 
memory is blessed. 
This tablet is erected as a token of grateful affection 
by the people to whose salvation he devoted his 
long life. 

His grave is at Tellippalai. 

.. In memory of Revd. Marshall D. Sandees, bom 
July 3rd, 1823, at WiUiamstown, Mass., U. S. A., 
died August 29th, 1871, at Batticotta.^ 



876 



Aug. 29 
1871 



Marshall D. Sanders 



( 244 ) 

Churchyard, Batticotta. Jaffna District. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

877 „. Aug. 22 . . Harriet Benedict Meigs . . In memory of four children of Rev. B. C. and Mrs.. 
1831 S. M. Meigs. 

Habeiet Benedict, born Nov. 28tli, 1816 

March9 .. Sarah Maria Meigs Sakah Mabia, -born Jan. 6th, 1816, died March 9th, 

1823 1823, aged 8 years. 

Two twin sisters, born May 2nd, 1831, and died the 

same day. 

Mr. and Mrs. Meigs arrived with the Rev. D. and 

Mrs. Poor by the American brig Dryad on March 22, 

1816. The vessel left Newbury Port on October 23, 

1815. 



Old Burial Ground, Point Pedro, Jaffna District. 

878 . . Aug. 26 . . John Frederick Theile . . J. F. Theile, aged 71 years. 

1865 The interest of this tomb Ues in the fact that it is 

the only known rehc of the Theiles left in the Northern 
Province. No one, either in Point Pedto or Jaffna, 
now can say who J. P. Theile was or what he did, but 
he was no doubt a son of Johan Ernst Theile, soma 
account of whom wiU be fovmd in the " Vanni Dis- 
tricts Manual" (p. 34). J. E. Theile had been a 
Lieutenant in the LaxLd Service of the Dutch Com- 
pany, had been a prisoner of war under the British 
Company, and had taken service under the latter at 
MuUaittivu. In November, 1814, he was appointed 
Sitting Magistrate of Point Pedro, which post he 
retained until his death, of the date of which there 
is no record. His son, Thomas, succeeded him as 
Sea Customer and Sitting Magistrate at- Werteltivoe 
(Vidattaltivu) in the Mannar District m 1814, and 
in 1816 held the similar appointment at Puttalam. 
He married Sophia, and had a daughter, baptized at 
Puttalam , April 3,1817. Thomas was later Secretary 
of the District Court at Jaffna. He was probably an 
elder brother of the subject of this inscription. The 
following description of the old Lieutenant occiu?s in a 
letter written from the Jaffna Kachcheri in October, 
1796, by Mr. John Jervis, Assistant Resident, to 
Captain 'Strickland Kingston, Commissary of Provi- 
sions at Trincomalee : "A Lieutenant Theile , formerly 
of the Dutch Service, a man who bears a good character 
and has a large family of children to support, is settled 
at Mulletivoe. Indeed I understand he has long 
resided in that country and has acquired a great art in 
shooting and taking the wild buffalo, and is also con- 
versant with curing the flesh. In a conversation I had 
with that intelligent old oflfieer the last time I visited 
Mulletivoe, he assured me, were he supported and 
employed by our Government and furnished with a 
few rifle-barrelled muskets, powder and balls, and 
casks for containing flesh, he could engage to supply 
you with a very large qauntity of this salted wild 
meat." Shortly afterwards Mr. Theile received an 
advance of 250 rix-doUars for this purpose. There 
had been a difficulty at Trincomalee in obtaining a 
sufficient quantity of meat for the troops, and Mr. 
Jervis, who had recently had the same difficulty at 
Point Pedro, suggested wild buffalo meat, droves of 
wild buffaloes being innumerable in the MuUaittivu, 
district ; but it must be that of the wild buffalo, as 
"the flesh of the tame animal has generally disagreed 
with our Europeans, but that of the jungle animal, 
which I have tasted myself, is highly dehcious and 
esteemed by the natives as extremely wholesome — • 
salted also, I can say from experience, it is remark- 
ably fine." This appears to be a fact not generally 
known, as one has few opportunities nowadays, even 
in MuUaittivu District, of tasting wild buffalo. 

An amusing anecdote relating to him is to be found 
in Bennett's " Ceylon " (p. 226) :— 

" Formerly the Sitting Magistrate at Point Pedro 
was a Prussian gentleman of the name of Theile who 



( 245 ) 



Old Burial Ground, Point Pedro, Jaffna DistviGt—contd. 



Serial No. 

878 . 



Date. 

Aug. 26 
1865 



Name. 
John Frederick Theile—contd. 



879 



Dec. 31 

1884 



Godfrey Dominick Lyle 
Browne 



Inscription. 

had served under Frederick the Great. He was a 
fine specimen of the Prussian Grenadier of the old 
school, being not less than six feet three inches in 
height. Mr. Theile entertained the late Sir William 

Coke (vide No. 6) and myself upon our landing 

at Point Pedro from Trincomalee with the greatest 
hospitality ; and after dinner, a few extra glasses of 
Sir William's champagne took a pleasant effect on the 
old gentleman, for shouldering a crutch to show how 
fields were won, he desired his daughter, a very 
pretty girl, to play a favourite Prussian march, and 
'advancing arms' with my gun, marched about the 
room as erect as if he had been sixty years younger 
than he really was." 

J. F. Theile was probably the John Theile who 
married at Jaffna, September 22, 1816, Louisa 
Elizabeth Rulach. 

In memory of Godfrey Dominick Lyle Beowne, 
C.C.S., sou of the Rev. Atjgitsttjs Beowne, of 
Dublin. Born 1854, died 1884. 

Jesus saith. Have faith ia God. 

He was in the Civil Service 1876-84; Police Magis- 
trate at Panadure and Matale, He was Police Magis- 
trate of Point Pedro at the time of his death. The 
monument was erected by Sir William Twjmam. 



Market Place, Point Pedro, Jaffna District. 

In Baldseus (3rd edition), p. 717, is the following passage: — "Just before the church stands a tall 
tamarind tree, which affording a very agreeable shadow in the heat of the day, the people are often instructed 
by the minister to the number of three thousand." The illustration in the book shows the tree standing close 
to the landiifg place opposite the present pier, with a preacher in a pulpit and a crowd before him under the 
" agreeable shadow" of the tree. But as the tree stood before the church it must have been in the market 
place, about three hundred yards from the sea, and not close to it as represented in the engraving.. However, 
an inaccuracy of this kind in the pictures illustrating Baldseus's book is of no importance. We have only to 
contemplate the mountains and lakes introduced into his picture of the island of Delft. The top of the tree is, 
as it is, visible from the landing place, and is a conspicuous landmark from the sea. This is the only reference 
to the tree in the book, but it has given rise to the notion that Baldaeus himself preached under this tree. 
Very likely he did, but he does not say so. There is a large tamarind tree in the market place, which must be 
quite 300 years old, known as " Baldaeus's Tree," and on September 5, 1760, Point Pedro was visited by the 
Danish Missionary, Christian Frederick Schwarz, of the S. P. C. K., "for the purpose of seeing the tree under 
which the celebrated Baldseus, who accompanied the first Dutch expedition to Ceylon, addressed his first 
discourse to the natives." (Cotton, p. 365.) In 1906 a stone was erected under the tree, commemorating this 
event. 

BALDiEUS' TEEE 

1658 

Visited by Schwarz 

5th September, 1760. 

♦-" Opposite the tree used to stand, until they were removed by Mr. Dyke to their present sites, the Police 
Court^and the Magistrate's bouse, and near them stood the Dutch Church, now long demolished. (See " Spolia 
Zeylanica,";^vol. III., p. 211.) 



KAYTS. 

Compound of the Resthouse. 



jrial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


880 .. 


Feb. 23 . 
1828 


. . John Atherton 



21, 



Inscription. 
John, infant son of Rob. Atheeton, Esqr., died 23rd 
Feb., 1828, aged 3 days. 

This was while Robert Atherton was " Superin- 
tendent, Sitting Magistrate, and Fiscal of the Pro- 
vince of Delft," in succession to Captain Edward 
Nolan. (See No. 998.) 

82-09 



{ 246 ) 



MANNAR. 
Christ Church, in the Fort. 

When the Dutch Church in Mannar town tumbled down — in the cyclone of 1814, I beUeve — a long 
rectangular building in the Fort was set apart as a church for the garrison and residents, but, according to the 
Colombo Observer of 1844, it had been " a consecrated building since the time of the Dutch." Here the word 
" consecrated " is probably not used in a strictly ecclesiastical sense. 

This is the church that in that year was used by the Sub-CoUector as a part of his quarters, the pulpit 
for storing provisions in and the altar for keeping sundries on belonging to his family (see p. 81). The Dutch 
tombstones in the old church were removed to it and lei into the floor, probably in 1814 or shortly afterwards, 
the Portuguese tombstones in 1904. Fragments of two other Portuguese tombstones, found in the paved floor 
of the entrance to the Fort, sufficient to display two coats of arms and in each case a portion of the lettering, 
have been built into the wall of the church. The arms have been identified as those of (1) Aranjo and Ribeiro 
quartered, and (2) of Alcacova and Carneiro quartered. 
Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 

881 . . Sixteenth . . Maria de Lacerda . . pe. ne. 

century pola alma de 

DONA M DE LACEE 

DA MOLHEE DE 10 DE 

MBLO DE SAPAIO F^ D A° 

Mr. S. Haughton, while he was Assistant Agent at 
Mannar about 1883, had fotmd a stone trough in his 
compound which had been devoted by his predecessor 
to the feeding of pigs , and had rescued it from this base 
use, as he noticed that it had a Portuguese inscription 
on the lower side, and had built it up in his stables as a 
trough for his horse — with the inscription underneath. 
In 1903 the stone was mounted on a pedestal in the 
church. The stone is a small one, and this portion is 
evidently only the canopy or superstructure of a tomb 
of some height. It is of a peculiar shape, like the 
roof of a house, and the dimensions are, length along 
ridge at top 21 inches, along base 40 inches, width at 
base 24 inches, height 14 inches. With regard to the 
inscription, " PR. NR." stands for " Pater noster," 
and " pola " is a way of writing " por a." The in- 
scription therefore should be translated, " A pater 
noster for the soul Of Dona," &c. With regard to the 
name of the lady, it appears to be Dona Maria de 
Lacerda, this latter being a well known Portuguese 
surname. The inscription goes on, "Molher de lo. de 
Melo de Sapaio Fa D Ao," and then ends abruptly. 
The rest of it was no doubt on another stone which 
supported this canopy-like stone, and this stone has 
disappeared. The last line overlaps from the sloping 
to the vertical surface, and was evidently continued 
down below on the other stone. " F D " is most likely 
a contraction for " Filha D," and the inscription here 
ends with the letters Ao, probably a contraction for 
Antonio. 

The translation would therefore be "A pater 
noster for the soul of Dona Maria de Lacerda, wife of 

loao de MeUo Sampayo, daughter of " 

Unforttinately the name of the lady's father and the 
date are missing, but the name of the Portuguese 
gentleman that is preserved is of historical interest. 

There is a reference to an officer of this name in a 
" History of the Company of Jesus in Asia," by an 
Italian member of the Order, Father Danielle Bartoh, 
who hved 1608-85, which, relating how on one 
occasion the plague was stopped by St. Francis 
Xavier, adds : " Many more details are given about 
what happened in the island of Mannar (where took 
place the martyrdom of 600 Christians, which we 
related a few pages higher up). The fact is made 
known to us by the report of an eye-witness, D. 
Giovanni MeUo Sampaio, a Portuguese nobleman, 
who in after years held the ofiace of Captain in the 
fortress of the same island and in the Kingdom of 
Kandy." Doubtless we have here part of the 
tombstone of the wife of this officer. 

Mr. Donald Ferguson writes: "The Captain of 
Mannar (where the memorial was found) in 1587-88 
was Joao de MeUo, according to Couto (V., x. i.), 
who in a previous decade (V., i. vii.) mentions him 
by his full name, Joao de MeUo de Sampaio. He 
was probably the same person whom Couto names 
in dec. IX. , cap. xiu. , as son of Dr. Gaspar de MeUo ; 
if so, he was brother-in-law to the unlucky Pedro 
Lopes de Sousa (Couto, X., i. ix.), who met his fate 
on the Kandyan hills in 1594 (Ribeiro, I., vii.). 



( 247 ) 



Christ Church, in the Fort, Mannav—contd. 



jrial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


881 ,. 


Sixteenth . 
century 


. Maria de Lacerda— con<rf. 



Inscription. 

When Jo£io de Mello de Sampaio assumed the charge 
of Mannar I do not know, but Couto tells us (V. , i. viii. ) 
that it was during his captaincy that there were 
unearthed at Mantota certain coins and an iron chain, 
which were thought to be Roman. This occurred, 
says Couto, in ' 1574 or 1575,' which I take to be an 
error for ' 1584 or 1585.' The great Portuguese 
historian also informs us that the above-mentioned 
relics were taken with him, to be presented to the 
King of Portugal, by Joao de Mello when he sailed 
from India in '1590' (actually 1592) by the ' S. 
Bernardo,' which was lost with all on board. As to 
Dona Maria de Lacerda, I can only say that she was 
possibly the daughter of one of the Pereiras de 
Lacerda whom Couto mentions as taking pait in the 
defence of Columbo and Cota." 

A marble tablet with the following inscription has 
accordingly been erected by Government on the, 
pedestal which now supports the tombstone: — "This, 
memorial of the wife of Joao de Mello Sampayo, 
Captain of Mannar, 1584-7, found in the Residency 
grounds, was set up here, 1904." 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B,, vol. XVIII., p. 355.) 



882 



Dec. 12 
1687 



Anna van Heuvel 



883 



May 26 
1697 



Henrietta van der Parra 



Anna van Cralen huysvrouw van den ondercoop- 
man Nicolaas van Hetjvel, oud 32 jaaren 
Sterft den 12 December, Ao. 1687. 
{Ibid., vol. XV., pp. 250, 263.) 

Nicolaas van Heuvel was afterwards (1719-21) 
Commandeur of Galle. (See No. 516.) 

Hier onder rust d. eerbaare juffr. Henrietta 
WiCHBLMANS huysvTouw Van den Coopman 
RoMBOUT VAN DER Parra, out 21 jaar 2 maanden 
en 12 dagen. Overleden 26en May, anno 1697. 

Arms. — Party per pale. 1. Van der Parra (already 
blazoned). 

2. Quarterly .(1 and 4) argent, a castle (WicheU 
mans). (2 and 3.) Three birds (1, 2). (Durhee.) 

Henrietta Wichelmans , or Wichelman, bom at Galle , 
was the daughter of Magnus Wichelman and Susanna 
Durhee. Rombout van der Parra of Amsterdam, and 
Dissave of Colombo, married Henrietta Wichelmans 
as his second wife, at Colombo, on October 9, 1695. 
Rombout and his first wife, Maria Strick, were the 
grand parents of Petrus Albertus van der Parra, 
Governor-General of the Dutch Indies. (See Nos. 
367, 498.) 

This stone had been cut into two nearly equal parts 
one containing the coat of arms and the other the 
inscription. They had been placed apart in the 
floor of the Fort church with other tombstones in 
between. In 1894 I was able to effect their re- 
jionction by means of the PubUc Works Department. 



884 



March 12 
169-. 



Lambert van Buren 



Hier onder rust D. E. Lambert van Bttren by syn 
leven zynde ondercoopmn. en opperhoofd tot deser 
plaatse, out 48 jaaren 11 maanden en 12 dagen : 
overleden den 12 maert 169-. 

{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 263 ; vol. XVII., p. 29.) 

Lambert van Buren married Magdalena van 
Avarne. He was the founder of the family in 
Ceyfon. 



885 



Feb. 6 
1701 



Susanna Bout 



Hier rust Juffr. Susanna de Mey huysvrouwe van 
den onde koopman en M'anaars opperh. D. E. 
PiETER Bout, overleden den 6en February, Anno 
1701, out 28 jaaren 3 maanden en 2 dagen. 
{Ibid., vol. XV., p. 263 ; vol. XVIL, p. 29.) 

Pieter Bout, who was a native of Alkmaar, married 
(2), at Colombo, August 7, 1701, Agneta Ram of 
Amsterdam. 



( 248 ) 



Christ Church, in the Fort, Mannar — conid. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


886 .. 


Feb. 23 , 
1740 


, . Johanna van der Spar 




May 28 . 
1775 


. Joannes Christianus 
der Spar 



van 



887 



. Oct. 21 
1744 



Magdalena Raket 



March 1 
1746 



Abraham Roos 



889 



March 2 
1750 



Pierre de Salve 



890 



April 
1752 



Jacob Henderik Vogelaar 



Inscription. 

Hier rusten in den Heere op 23 Feb., 1740, Mejuff 
JoHjmNA CooRN (huysv.) van den (Hee)r Joha 
(v)ander Spar en op 28Mey, 1775, haar Klynsoon 
den jongen Hoer Joannes Christianus van der 
Spar. 
Translation. — Here rest in the Lord on February 23, 
1740, Johanna Coorn, wife of Mr. Johannes van der 
Spar, and on May 28, 1775, her grandson, the 
young Mr. Joannes Christianus van der Spar. 
(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 243.) 
Joannes Christianus van der Spar was baptized 
atGalle on January 15, 1758, being the son of Mattheus 
van der Spar and Dorothea Cornelia van Dam. (See 
No. 537.) 

This stone was found in 1905, one-half let into the 
pavement of the presbytery of St. Mary's Church, 
Mannar, and the other in a similar position at the 
presbytery of the Church of St. Sebastian in the same 
town. Through the courtesy of the Bishop of Jafina 
they were removed from these positions and put 
together again in the floor of the Fort Church, to 
which all the other Dutch tombstones of Mannar 
had been transferred many years before. The 
missing portions of the lettering of the word ' ' Housv. ' ' 
have been cut in cement, the tops only of the original 
letters having been left. 

Hier onder rust de E. Juffrouw Magdalena Swinnas, 
huysvrouw van den ondercoopman en opper- 
hoofd den E. Hr. Jan Helfrig Raket, over- 
leeden den 21 October, Anno 1744, oud Zynde 39 
jaaren 2 maanden en 20 dagen. 

Jan Helfrig Raket was chief of Mannar. (See Nos. 
383, 517.) 

(Hid., vol. XV., p. 264.) 

Arms. — Argent, on a mount a tree, supercharged 
with a doe coiorant. 

Or est. — A doe as in the arms. 

Hier leyt begraven 't lyk van den E. Heer Abraham 
Roos van Amsterdam, in syn leeven Commandeur 
van Jaffanapatnam. Overleeden den eersten 
Maart, Ao. 1746, oud 45 jaren en 7 maanden. 
(Ihid., vol. XV., p. 264.) (See No. 274.) 
Arms. — Party per pale (1) argent, a doe rampant 
contourn^. (2) Sable, a rose or, stalked and barbed 
vert. 

Hier onder rust den Heer Pierre de Salve gebooren 
op het buys KiUesteyn te Lexmand op den 17 
Maart, Ao. 1705, in syn Es. leven ondercoopman en 
opperhoofd van Manaar. Obiit den 2 Maart, Ao. 
1750, oud zynde 44 jaren 11 maanden en 16 dagen. 

(Ibid., -vol. XV., p. 263.) 

Pierre de Salve (de Bruneten) was the son of Jean 
Antoine de Salve and Cornelia Haakbond. Pierre's 
brother was Major-General Jean Marc de Salve, who 
died at Lille, September 12, 1768. Pierre de Salve 
married Johanna Catharina Meyer, bom at Galle in 
1724, daughter of Christiaan Meyer and Elsebe 
Brelofsberg. Johanna Catharina Meyer married, as 
widow de Salve, at Galle, July 22, 1750, Rev. Andreas 
Fredrik Schultze. 

Arms. — Party per fess gules within a bordure • 

2 wolves courant, one in chief and the other in base. 

Crest. — A plume of ostrich feathers argent. 

Hier onder rust den j. gebooren soon van den E. Heer 
Vaandrig alhier Jacob Vogelaar met name Jacob 

Henderik Vogelaar : overleeden den April, 

Anno 1752, oud 2 maanden en 27 daagen. 

(Johan) Jacob Vogelaar, of Witzenhausen, married 
(1), on July 25, 1745, Anna Maria Bock of Colombo ; 
and (2), on April 20, 1755, Anna Sophia Scharff 
of Colombo, the sister-in-law of the Rev. Henricus 
Philipsz. Anna Sophia Scharff was the daughter 
of Jan Christoffel Scharff of Sangerhausen and Eliza- 
beth de Saram. (See No. 392.) 

(Ihid., vol. XV., p. 264; vol. XVII., p. 29.) 



( 249 ) 



Serial No. 
891 . . 



Date. 

April 5 

17— 



Christ Church, in the Fort, Msmnav—contd. 

Name. Inscription. 

Erasmus Hansz . . Hier onder rust Eeasmus Haijsz van JafEanap. in 

syn leven geweest Negotie boekJh.ouder alhier, 
overleden den 5 April, Ao. 17 — , oud synde 40 jaren 
— maand. en 1 dag. 

(Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XV., p. 263.) 



Dutch Burial Ground, Mannar. 

Many name plates must have been removed from the monuments in this burial ground, which, until 

recently, was unenclosed by fence or wall. Not a single Dutch inscription is to be found, yet Mannar, under 
the Dutch, was an important place. 

Serial No. Date. Name. Inscription. 



892 



Jan. 19 
1900 



G. C. Blechinberg 



G. C. Blechinbeeg. 

A wooden memorial, existing in 1905, but not 
likely to last long. He was engineer in charge of 
the Giant's Tank, and died of malarial fever at 
Murankan. He was, I have heard, a Dane, and 
there was a curious story about his parentage. He 
was said to be connected with the highest in his 
native country. 



Resthouse Compound, Arippu, Mannar District. 



893 



April 14 

1878 



Charles Leys 



Sacred to the memory of Chaeles Leys, of the 
Oriental Bank Corporation, who died of sunstroke at 
Marisikaddi on the 14th April, 1878, aged 35 years. 

Mr. Leys came from Jaffna to Marichchukkaddi the 
day before with Mr. Thomas Twynam, a son of the 
Government Agent, in a Sinhalese outrigger canoe, 
without any protection from the sun. They went 
out shooting, 7 miles from Marichchukkaddi, in the 
morning. Mr. Leys felt very Ul, but walked back 
part of the way to Marichchukkaddi in the afternoon, 
and was carried the rest. He died the same evening 
at the resthouse there. His body was carried the 
same night to Arippu, where it was buried, Mr. G. M. 
Fowler, C.C.S., the Assistant Government Agent, 
holding the inquest and reading the burial service. 



Marichchukkaddi, Mannar District. 
Compound of Roman Catholic Church at Mullikulam. 

This church is a mile or thereabouts inland from the coast at Marichchukkaddi. 



Serial No. 
894 . 



Date. 

May 5 
1836 



Nan^e. 

John Gerrit Freywer 



Inscription. 
Sacred to the memory of John Geeeit, son of 
Matthew Feeywee, commander of the Govern- 
ment barque Wellington, born 3rd April, 1812, died 
5th May, 1836, aged 24 yeais. Im- 2d. ' 

(The second name is spelt ' ' Gerrard ' ' in the Gazette. ) 

Mr. Freywer was commander of the ketch Mahomed 
Bux in. 1810, and succeeded J. Steddy in the command 
of the Government cutter Wilhdmina in 1813 (see 
No. 341). In 1816 he was commander of the brig 
Ceylon. The WilhelmiTha was advertised for sale in 
September, 1817. She was "of 60 tons burthen." 
From 1824 to 1828 he was in command of the colonial 
brigantine Anna, in 1833 of the Wellington, and later 
of the schooner Fly, and again of the Wellington, and 
in 1841 of the barque La Felice, trading between 
Colombo and Tuticorin. 

On February 28, 1833, he sailed in the Wellington 
for Arippu and the pearl banks, having on board 
Governor Sir Robert and Lady Wilmot Horton, to be 
present at the opening of the fishery, and on March 7 
took them back in her to Colombo, 

Mrs. S. Freywer, wife of M. Fre3rwer, died at 
Colombo, June 16, 1822. 

The parish priest in 1902 set about demolishing 
his tomb, as the occupant did not belong to the 
Roman CathoUc Chtirch, but at the instance of 
Mr. E. B. Denham, C.C.S., the Assistant Government 
Agent, who represented the matter to the Bishop, 
the work of demohtion was stopped and the tomb 
repaired. 



{ 250 ) 

Kachchilaimadu, Mullaittivu District. 

In the village clearing, under some large tamarind trees, which are probably old enough to have witnessed 
the fight, is a stone erected by Mr. R. A. G. Festing, Assistant Government Agent, 1904-5, to mark the place 
where Captain F. W. von Driberg defeated Pandara Vanniya in 1803. The spot was pointed out to the compiler 
by a villager, who said that it had been shown him by his grandfather. " Pandara's Tree," a tamarind tree, 
remains to mark the Vanni chief's temporary residence in the viUa'ge, which is 2J miles from Oddusuddan on the 
road from Oddusuddan to Putukudiyiruppu. Oddusuddan, where there is a resthouse, is on the road from 
Mankulam to Mullaittivu, 15| miles from the latter place. 

Hereabouts Captain von Driberg defeated 
Pandara Vanniya, 31st Oct., 1803. 

" In 1803, on the opening of hostilities between the British and the King of Kandy, Pandara Vannyan, one of 
the dispossessed Vanni Chiefs, who had once before been pardoned for rebellion and had been reinstated by 
the British Government as a chief in that portion of the Vanni bodering on the Nuwarakalawiya, District, again^ 
revolted and undertook to expel the English from his country. With the assistance of a body of Kandyans imder the 
Disava of Nuwarakalawiya he overran the Vanni, and on August 25th, 1803, attacked the Government house at 
Mullaittivu in great force, drove out the garrison, which was under the command of Captain von Driberg of the 
' Invahd Malays,' and seized the fort. Captain von Driberg withdrew his small garrison in good order to boats, 
which had been sent to Mullaittivu to secure his retreat, and by this means to Jaffna. The insurgents were 
subsequently ' driven from Mullaittivu and its neighbourhood by a detachment sent from Trincomalee under 
Captain Edward Madge of the 19th Regiment,' and Kumaras6kara, Mudaliyar of Mullaittivu, and several others who 
were strongly suspected of treason, were captured and executed. Another detachment was sent from Jafina under 
Lieut. John JeweU of the 19th Regiment, which on its march burned some strong works thrown up by the 
insurgents and seized a considerable quantity of cattle. A third under Captain von Driberg marched from Mannar 
and surprised Pandara's forces at Kachchilamadu at 5 a.m. on October 31, killed a great many of them, took 
46 prisoners, and got possession of one Kandyan gun, mounted on a low carriage, carrying a ball of IJ lb. weight, 
fifty-five stand of arms, twelve pikes, two swords, two creeses, one toayonet, one barrel, and two baskets of 
ammunition. Sixteen houses in which Pandara had stored his possessions were burnt, and his people were dispersed 
in different directions in the jungle, and eventually driven out of the Vanni. The power of the Vanni chiefs was thus- 
finally and effectually extinguished." ("Vanni Manual," pp. 18, 19.) 



BATTICALOA. 

Batticaloa was the first place in Ceylon visited by the Dutch under Admirals Joris van Spilbergen and 
Sebald de Weert in 1602 and 1603 respectively, and the first place captured by them in Ceylon was afio Batticaloa. 
This happened in 1638. The Dutch demolished the Portuguese fort, which was triangular in shape, and a 
picture of which is given in Baldseus's " History of Ceylon," and built the present one in 1640. 

The Dutch Church stood within the fort, but there is no trace of it except a stone bearing the following 
inscription : — 

DESK KERK IS GESTIGT 
DEN 13 FEB. AO. 1740 
WAAR VAN DEN EEESTEN 
STBBN IS GELEYT DOOR 
MEJTJFBW MA. M. DE MOOR 
HUYSV VAN't OBPBRHT. 
DE E. MB. RD. BTJYK 

Maria Margarita de Moor was the eldest daughter of Pieter de Moor, of The Hague, and Johanna Obrak. 
She was baptized at GaUe on August 5, 1718, and married, on May 30, 1734, Mr. Raymond Buyk of Batavia, 
Chief of Batticaloa. (See Journal, R.A.S., C.B., vol. XVII., p. 42.) 

There is a tomb just outside the western gate of the fort of a late Dutch pattern (a masonry coffin on a 
pedestal), but it has no inscription. It is the tomb of a Parsee lady who was landed from a vessel suffering 
from measles, and who was isolated in the fort, and in her "place of" burial "in the time of Mr. Atherton," 
Government Agent. 



Ault Memorial Hall, Batticaloa. 

This building stands on the site of the old garrison church of early British times. The church was 
demolished when the present St. Andrew's Church was built, and the site sold to the Wesleyan Mission. The tablet 
and tombstones which it contained lay for some time in the compound of the Wesleyan Chapel, and when the 
hall was built, five of them were let into the walls of that structure. The tomb of Mr. Ault, which was in the-" 
old church originally, and one or two others had by that time disappeared. This accounts for the two inscriptions 
on the same wall relating to Mrs. Sawers, one of which belongs to the tombstone and the other to the memorial 
tablet. In the case of Captain Jones, the tablet must have been removed from the dibris of the old church to its 
present resting place at Tandanvenveli, a mile and a quarter from the fort. No doubt Mrs. Sawers, Captain Jones, 
Mr. Robert Smith, and Mrs. Rudd were buried within the walls of the old church, or in the compound in which it 
stood, probably the former, as the haU occupies the whole extent of the site. 

The tablet commemorating Mrs. Sawers is a handsome oval one of white marble, with a border of black 
marble of Greek pattern. It is built into the centre of the end wall of the haU, and is flanked by the gravestones of 
Captain Jones on the (proper) right and of Robert Smith on the left. The side walls display the tombstones of 
Mrs. Rudd (right) and Mrs. Sawers (left). They are unfortunate in their surroundings, and I can imagine that 
Simon Sawers would not be pleased if he could see what had befallen the handsome memorial tablet which he had 
erected to his wife " untimely gone." The Memorial HaU, so-caUed, a rather mean building, is hardly a memorial, 
and it is not used as a haU. It is now a book depot, and when I visited it in March, 1910, packing cases were 



{ 251 ) 



Ault Memorial Hall, Batticaloa— cowit^. 

-piled up against the walls to within a few inches of the memorial stones. One wonders why it did not occur to the 
responsible authorities to have had them built into the walls of the new church, where at least the " atmosphere " 
would have been more congenial, and they would have been sometimes seen by persons who took an interest in the 
■cml and miMary annals of the country. To such the monuments of the wife of Simon Sawers and Captain Jones 
especially would seem to have deserved better" 



Serial No. 
895 .. 



Date. 

April 1 

1815 



Name. 

William Ault 



896 



Oct. 2 
1814 



Mary Sawers 



897 



! Oct. 2 
1814 



Marie Sawers 



Inscription. 

Sacred to the memory of Rev. William Ault, 
Wesleyan Missionary. This stone is placed over 
his mortal remains by the Protestant Burghers of 
Batticaloa as a testimony of the esteem and 
regard with which they were impressed by his 
exemplary piety, moral goodness, and the religious 
instruction which he imparted to them during the 
short period that he was permitted by Providence 
to remain among them. Obiit 1st April, 1815. 
This stone disappeared about forty years ago. 

The following obituary notice appeared in the 
Oovernment Oazette of April 19, 1815 : "At Batticaloa 
on the 1st instant, after a tedious illness of three 
months, the Reverend W. Ault, one of the Wesleyan 
Missionaries who arrived about a year ago. Bi§ 
sincere piety, his ardent zeal, indefatigable industry, 
and modest unassuming manners gained the esteem 
and respect of all at that Station, both Europeans and 
Natives. Presenting rare quahfications for the 
meritorious and useful work he had undertaken, his 
success in the short space of 8 months in raising 
among a niunerous body of Natives, nominally 
Christian, at that place a respect for and a decent 
observance of at least the external form of Religion 
was truly remarkable, and although he had not to 
boast of having made any converts from either the 
Heathen or Mahometan Faith to that of Christianity, 
yet by the establishment of eight Schools for the 
education of Hindoo children and by his talents and 
address having so far overcome the scruples and 
prejudices of their parents as to introduce the reading 
of the New Testament as the only School book to the 
more advanced scholars he has laid the foundation 
for a more extensive propagation of otit faith." 
(Oazette, April 19, 1815.) 4 k'*i^, 

Here lie interred the remains of Maey, the wife of 
S. Sawers, Esq., His Britannic Majesty's Civil 
Service of Ceylon, and daughter of the late 
Mr. RoBEET Slbbald of Dunbar in Scotland, who 
died when but in the prime of life on the 2nd 
October, 1814, leaving her husband and two 
infant children to lament their unspeakable loss. 
Untimely gone ! for ever fled, 



The remaining verses are illegible, but they are 
apparently the same as those which appear in the 
Oazette of October 19, 1814, and should therefore 
read — 

" Untimely gone ! for ever fled. 
The roses of the cheek so red, 
Th' affection warm, the temper mUd, 
The sweetness that in sorrow smil'd. 
The heart where goodness overflow'd. 
The cheek where youth and freshness glow'd, 
A clod amid the valley lies. 
And ' dust to dust,' the moiwner cries !" 

Sacred to the memory of Maeie, the wife of SiMOU 
Sawees, Esqr., Collector of Batticaloa. Nat. 30th 
December, 1782. Obt. 2nd October, 1814. As 
she was eminent for piety, charity, and every virtue 
that adorns domestic or social Ufe, so she hved 
respected and beloved and died deeply lamented 
by all who knew her. 

Sweet peace and heavenly hope and humble joy, 
Divinely beamed on her exalted soul. 

Simon Sawers married Mary Sibbald at Edinbmrgh, 
February 5, 1805. (I take this to be the suiname, 
but the first part of the name on the tombstone 
is illegible. ) Her death was due to childbirth. On 



( 252 ) 



Ault Memorial Hall, Batticaloa — contd. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


897 .. 


Oct. 2 
1814 


,. Marie Sawers — contd. 



898 



Feb. 21 
1815 



Mary Rudd 



Inscription. 

September 18 she had given birth to a son. The 
Gazette thus refers to her death : " In the prime of life 

the Lady of Simon Sawers, Esq., leaving two 

infants too yoimg to deplore their irreparable loss. 
While the premature death of this accomplished 
woman is deeply to be lamented, the remembrance 
of her tender soUcitude as a Mother, her fond 
affection as a Wife, and her poUshed urbanity of 
manner as a Member of Society will long afford a 
melancholy consolation to her surviving friends. "^ 
Simon Sawers was Collector of Batticaloa at the tim& 
of her death. 

He came out to Ceylon as a Civil Servant in 1805, 
and was straightway appointed Assistant Cpllector at 
Batticaloa, but at the end of the year went to Chilaw 
in a similar capacity, with the addition of that of 
Customs Master, Calpentyn. On July 15, 1807, hfr 
became Sitting Magistrate, Colombo, and on June 13, 

1808, Assistant Collector at Trincomalee. In June, 

1809, he went back to Batticaloa, this time as Actings 
Collector and Customs Master, in which appoint- 
ment he was confirmed on March 1, 1812. On April 
22, 1815, he was appointed First Assistant to the 
Resident and Agent of Government at BaduUa. On 
May 20, 1816, he became Commissioner of Revenue at 
Kandy, or "Third Commissioner in charge of the 
Revenue Department." He vras again Assistant 
Resident at Badulla, 1817-18, and Revenue Commis- 
sioner at Kandy 1819-20. This he exchanged for 
the senior position of Judicial Commissioner from 
August 14, 1821, which he retained imtU December 
30, 1826, when he left Kandy for England on retire- 
ment. His retirement dates from July 3, 1827, when 
he received a pension of £600 a year. On leaving 
Batticaloa on April 25, 1815, he was presented with 
an address signed by Captain T. A. Anderson, the 
Commandant, Lieutenants O'Shea of the 19th and 
James Bagnet of the 73rd (afterwards Collector), and 
Assistant Surgeon J. Scott. The Gazette referred to 
his departure from Kandy in the following terms : — - 
" Mr. Sawers has been employed in the Kandyan 
Provinces ever since they came into British possession, 
in 1815, and has by his integrity and firmness of 
character inspired the natives with respect and 
confidence in the British Government, and at the 
same time by his suavity of manner and conciliatory 
disposition excited strong feelings of personal attach- 
ment, for we hear that a series of fetes have been given 
in Kandy on the occasion of Mr. Sawers' retirement , 
demonstrative of the high respect and regard in which 
he was held by all classes of the community." 

He was one of the executors of the will of Alexander 
Cadell (see Nos. 8, 70a), and we find him writing on 
January 1, 1842,' from 69, Queen street, Edinburgh, 
to request that certain moneys belonging to the 
estate be not paid to Mr. J. Read of the house of 
W. C. Gibson & Co. , as he had cancelled his power 
of attorney in his favour. He died on June 18, 1849, 
at Edinburgh. He was the author of " A Digest of 
Kandyan Laws," and of " A Journey from Kandy- 
via Adam's Peak to Caltura in 1819," printed in the 
Memoirs of the Wernerian Society of Edinburgh, 
vol. 4, part 2, page 396. He is referred to, while 
Assistant Resident at Badulla, in General Orders 
dated November 10, 1818, as having " returned from 
Badulla, where his services have been of such essential 
advantage during the war, to give his assistance at 
Kandy in making an improved system of Govern- 
ment for the Kandyan Provinces in peace." 

Sacred to the memory of Maey, the wife of Hbnrt 
RtTDD, Esquire aged 20 years. 

Mrs. Rudd came out with her husband, an engineer 
from Norfolkshire, with several other engineers and 
millwrights in the ship Emma, which arrived at 
Colombo from London on November 30, 1813. He 
was Assistant Superintendent and Engineer of the 
rice mills at Batticaloa, which were maintained by 
Goverimient, from 1814 to 1817. When they were 
discontinued, or perhaps later, he set up as a carriage 
builder at Colombo, and there is an advertisement in. 



( 253 } 



Ault Memorial Hall, Batticaloa— cowfc?. 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


898 ,. 


Feb. 21 . 
1815 


Mary BniA—contd. 



899 



Oct. 29 
1815 



Robert Smith 



900 



April 18 
1818 



Thomas Aldersey Jones 



Inscription. 

the Oovernment Gazette of 1829 that " Henry Rudd 
makes gigs at from 500 to 600 Bds. and four-wheeled 
carriages at proportionate rates." His business was 
carried on in a two-storey house, overlooking the 
Pettah burial groiind, which is still standing. In 
1830 he was commissioned by Government to bring 
out the pumping machinery for the Puttur well, 
in the Jafina Peninsula. The experiment proved a 
failure. On this occasion he brought out also with 
him his nephew, WUHam Rudd, who had been trained 
as a fitter at Maudslay's factory, to help him in his 
carriage building, but was destined to achieve dis- 
tinction as a pioneer coHee planter. French Gray, 
returning from school, was a fellow passenger. 
Henry Rudd married again at Colombo in 1817. 
The two Rudds are the ancestors of several well- 
known famiUes long connected with the Island. 
(See No. 331.) 

Henry Rudd (senior) was the father of (1) Henry, 
who married at Colombo, September 13, 1853, Emma 
Margaret Piachaud ; (2) George William, who married 
at Colombo, Jemuary 3, 1864, Eugenie Piachaud ; 
(3) Lucy, who married James Straohan ; (4) Angelina,, 
who married John Stephens. A daughter of Henry 
Rudd and Emma Margaret Piachaud married C. 
Spearman Armstrong, and another daughter, T. C. 
Owen. Henry Rudd (senior) died at Bayswater, 
February 25, 1857. His nephew, William Rudd, 
married Plantina OteUne Prins, daughter of CorneUs 
Arnoldus Prins, Advocate Fiscal. (See under " Old 
Garrison Cemetery, Kandy," No. 1177.) 

Sacred to the memory of Mr. Robert Smith, Mer- 
chant, who departed this life on the 29th of 
October, 1815, aged 45 years, A model parent 
and friend beloved by all who knew him in this 
sphere. 

His widow, Anna Catherina Christina who- 

died in 1824, married Samuel James. He had a son, 
Robert, who died at Trincomalee, June 25, 1816. 
(See No. 936.) 

Here lie the remains of Thomas Aldersey Jones, 
Captain in the 19th Regiment, who died on the 
18th of April, 1818, aged 36 years. The manly 
firmness of Captain Jones' military conduct was 
shown in the steady discipline of the men under his 
command. The friendly kindness of his private 
Hfe was rewarded by the general confidence and 
esteem of the regiment in which he served and of 
the society which knew his worth. 

Captain Jones was the third son of John Lloyd 
Jones, Esqr., of Maesmawr in the coimty of 
Montgomery. He married on the 4th February, 
1813, Susan, 2nd daughter of Wil. Thornes, 
Rector of Cardeston and Vicar of Alberbury in 
the county of Salop. His afflicted widow and 
three young children are left to mourn his loss. 
(See No. 5.) 



Roman Catholic Church at Tandanvenveli, Batticaloa. 



901 



April 18 
1818 



Thomas Aldersey Jones 



Sacred to the memory of Thomas Aldeesey Jones, 
Captn. in H. M. 19th Regt., died and was buried 
at Batticaloa the 18th of April, 1818. 

17 years of Service in the 19th Regt. on the Continent 
of India [a]nd in the Island of Ceylon. Captain 
Jones was distiaguished [by the co]nstant appro- 
bation of his Commander, [rejspect of his Inferiors. 
Size, 1 foot square. 

The parish priest writes in 1906 : " The fragment 
wiU be kept in the Roman Catholic Church at Batti- 
caloa, and preserved from further mutilation. The 
place where it was embedded is imknown." The 



chittch is about 1 J mile from Batticaloa fort. 



2 M 



82-09 



( 254 ) 



Batticaloa Town. 

At the junction of 3rd Cross street with Hospital street, by the side of the main thoroughfare, on land which 
formerly belonged to the Mooyaarts , is a flat tombstone enclosed by a stone wall about 8 feet high , with the following 
inscription. Owing to the height of the wall the fact that there was a tomb here had been for years forgottrai. 
The stone was in excellent preservation, though covered with scrub, when it was recently rediscovered. 

HERB REST 

THE PEACEFTTL REMAINS OF 

CHRISTIANA SOPHIA JOHN 

RELICT OP 

THE REV. D. CHRISTOPHER SAML JOHN 

OF THE ROYAL DANISH MISSION 

AT TRAQITEBAB 

OBIIT BATTICALOA 30 DECEMBER 1821 

^T. 70 YEARS 

OH ! HOW SHE LONG'd 
TO HAVE HER PASSPORT SIGN'd, AND BE DISMISS'd 
'tis done ! AND NOW SHE'S HAPPY ! THE GLAD SOtTL 
HAS NOT A WISH UNCROWN'O. EV'n THE LAG FLESH 
RESTS TOO IN HOPE OF MEETING ONCE AGAIN 
ITS BETTER HALF NEVER TO SUNDER MORE. 

The word " lag " may be intended for " log," though this hardly makes more sense. The Danish form of 
the name would be Jahn, but probably it was angUcized. Johanna Catherina, daughter of the Rev. Dr. and Mrs. 
John, married, on February 27, 1815, at Tranquebar, James Nicholas Mooyaart, who was Assistant Collector of 
Revenue at Batticaloa in 1825. He died in 1886 in his 97th year (see No. 1051). Of him the following legend 
is recorded : — ' ' He held stoutly to the theory that dying was by no means inevitable to the man who had the 

opportunity of taking care of himself, and that it would be his own fault if he died and when he turned 

97 without any sign of an intention of shuffling off this mortal coil, people began to think he was going to 
exemphfy his theory in his own person. And when after all the end did eventually come, it was by no means 
a disproof of his theory." One cold morning, instead of waiting patiently for the housemaid to light the fire in 
his bedroom, he got up and did it himself, with the result that he caught a chill and died. (E. Woodhouse, in 
" Notes by the Way," p. 18.) 



Serial No. 


Date. 


Name. 


902 .. 


July 27 
1730 


Susanna Thonnon 



The Cemetery, Batticaloa. 

" Within the Port, and scattered about three sides of a grassy common, are white houses all roofed with 
red tiles, each bungalow standing in its own pleasant garden. The peaceful cemetery occupies a prominent 
position on this green common, one side of which is washed by the lake whose farther shores are densely clothed 
with cocoa-pahns." ("Two Happy Years in Ceylon," vol. II., p. 78.) The burial ground contains about 
twenty dilapidated old Dutch and British tombs of heavy masonry, from all of which, with one or two exceptions, 
the name slabs have disappeared. One is completely enveloped by a banyan tree. There is a small headstone, 
the greater part of which is undecipherable. ' ' The stones are said to have been removed from time to time 
by the dhobies for their own use," so the local headman reports. 

Inscription. 

. . Hier onder leyt seer soeten rust juffrouw Susanna 
Thonnon (geboren van der Horst). Overleden 
den 27 July, Anno 1730, tot gemeen 

Translation. — Hereunder lies the sweet resting (?) 
Susanna Thonnon (born van der Horst), died on 
July 27, 1730, to the general 

Susanna was the daughter of Jan Jansz van der 
Horst, Scheepstimraerman, and Elizabeth Blslant, 
and was baptized at Colombo on October 22, 1702. 

There is a Van der Horst buried at Galle (see No. 
520). A " sceepstimmerman " is a ship's carpenter. 

This is a roughly cut stone at the end of a shapeless 
mass of masonry, and is rapidly becoming illegible. 
It seems to be the composition or work of an illiterate 
person. " Seer soeten rust" may mean aa above, or 
"may she rest very sweetly," or "very sweet one 
rest," as if it were in parentheses. 

. . Here heth Jane Davidson, aged two months and 
one day. Daughter to Mr. Alex. Davidson, 
Chief of Vizagapatam. Her afflicted parents have 
caused this tomb to be erected to the memory o. 
the angehck rafant. 
Suffer little children to come unto me for of such is 
the kingdom of God. 

Saint Mark. 
Died twentieth December, one thousand seven 
hundred and seventy-nine. * 



903 



Dec. 20 

1779 



Jane Davidson 



( 255 ) 



The Cemetery, Batticaloa— cowfc?. 



Serial No. 
903 . 



Date. 

Dec. 20 

1779 



Name. 

Jane Davidson — contd. 



904 



Oct. 17 
1813 



Robert A. Gordon 



905 



May 10 
1814 



Jonathan Fudge 



906 



907 



Jan. 22 
1815 



July 28 
1856 

April 25 
1874 



Jemima Walker 

Susan Jane Gray 
French Gray 



Inscription. 

This is a flat tombstone with raised letters and an 
ornamental border very well cut, and is as perfect 
to-day as the day it was erected. 

During the Dutch occupation of Batticaloa, coasting 
vessels of the Dutch and other European nations 
trading with the Bast Indies used to come from 
Vizagapatam, Pulicaat (near Madras), Cuddalore, and 
Negapatam to Trincomalee, Kottiar, and Batticaloa. 
The child must have died during the visit of one 
of these vessels in which Mr. Davidson and family 
were passengers. 

For Alexander Davidson, see Cotton, p. 356. He 
died at Vizagapatam on September 20, 1791. 

Mr. R. GoBDON, late Captain of H. M. 66th Regt. 
aged — years. 

Age illegible on tomb. 

A small headstone with a masonry tomb behind 
crumbling away, the letters nearly illegible. Captain 
Gordon's estate was being administered at Colombo 
from 1821 to 1831. The date may be October 7. 

Sacred, to the memory of Jonathait Fudge, a native 
of Dorsetshire in England, who died in this place 
on the 10th May, 1814, while in the prime of life. 
He was for several years