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Full text of "Aurelian Townshend's poems and masks"

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Cornell llTO^t^itg Jilrt!^t!g 

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Cornell University Library 
PR3175.T51912 



Aurelian Townshend's poems and masks, 





3 1924 013 166 610 




The original of tiiis book is in 
tine Cornell University Library. 

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http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924013166610 



Tudor ^ Stuart 
Library 



cAurelian Townshend? s 
Toems and Jllasks 



Henry Frowde 

Publisher to the University of Oxford 

London, Edinburgh, New York 

Toronto and Melbourne 



yiurelian Townskend's 
Poems and <3^asks 



Edited by 

E. K. CH^M'BERS 




zAt the Clarendon Tress 



M CM XII 



I 



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F\.?_1'5o<^v|- 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

PAGE 

INTRODUCTION ix 

Appendix A. The Family of Aurelian Townshend . xxxvi 

Appendix B. Documents of Aurelian Townshend's Travels 

during 1600-160} . . ... xxxvii 

POEMS FROM SONGBOOKS 

I. [To Mary Kirkej. ' Let not thy beauty make thee 

proud '........ 3 

II. To the Conntesse of Salisbury. ' Victorious beauty, 

though your eyes '...... 4 

III. Youth and Beauty. 'Thou art so fair, and yong 

withair J 

IV. A Dialogue betwixt Time and a Pilgrime. ■■ Aged man, 

that mowes these fields '..... 6 

V. A Bacchanall. ' Bacchus, I-acchus, fill our Brains ' . 7 

; VI. In praise of his Mistress. ' Thou Shepheard, whose 

intentive eye '....... 9 

VII. Sufferance. 'Delicate Beauty, why should you 

disdaine ' .......11 



vi CONTENTS 

PAGE 

VIII. 'When we were parted ' . . . .11 

IX. On his hearing her Majesty sing. ' I have beene in 

Heav'n, I thinke ' . . . . . • 1 3 

POEMS FROM MANUSCRIPTS 

X. To the Lady May. 'Your smiles are not, as other 

womens bee ' . . ...17 

XI. ' Though regions farr devided ' . .18 

XII. 'Come not to me for scarfs, nor plumes ' . .21 

XIII. Pure Simple Love. 'Hide not thy love and myne 

shal bee' ........ 2.8 

XIV. A Paradox. 'There is no Louer hee or shee ' -33 

XV. [To Charles the First]. ' 'Tis but a while, since in 

a vestall flame ' ...... 3^ 

XVI. An Elegie made by M^. Anrelian Townshend In re- 
membrance of the Ladie Venetia Digby. ' What 
Trauellers of matchlesse Venice say ' . . .38 

COMMENDATORY POEMS 

XVII. To the Right Honourable, the Lord Cary, eldest 
Sonne to the Earle of Monmouth. ' Verball Trans- 
lators sticke to the bare Text ' . . . -43 

XVIII. To the Incomparable Brothers, Mr. Henry, and Mr. 
William Lawes (Servants to His Majestic) upon the 
setting of these Psalmes. ' The various Musick, 
both for Aire and Art ' . . . . .44 



CONTENTS vii 

DOUBTFUL POEMS 

PAGE 

XIX. Mr. Townsends Verses to Ben Johnsons, in answer 

to an Abusive Copie, crying down his Magnetick 
Lady. ' It cannot move thy friend (firm Ben) 
that he ■ . . .49 

XX. Daphnis. Amyntas. 'Amyntas, ho! Didst thou espy, 

today' JO 

XXI. La Boiuinette. 'Shee's not the fairest of her name ' 51 

XXII. Upon kinde and true Love. '"Tis not how witty, 

nor how free ' . . . . . • J 3 

ALBIONS TRIUMPH jy 

TEMPE RESTORED 79 

NOTES loi 



INTRODUCTION 

Oblivion has scattered her poppy efFectively enough over the name 
of Aurelian Townshend, who is now but a shadowy figure dimly dis- 
cerned in the background of that bustling London of the early 
Stuarts and the Civil Wars. Yet in his day he walked with wits and 
poets, and, for certain touches of rareness here and there in his song, 
it becomes an act of piety to piece together what is known of him 
into a more complete account than has before been attempted, and 
to let it stand as a preface to this belated gathering of his scanty 
harvest. 

Anthony Wood, who mentions Townshend incidentally as one of 
the friends left to lament the death of Thomas Carew about 1 6^ 9, 
tells us that he was ' of the same family with those of Raynham in 
Norfolk' (_^thenae, ii. ^fS). Recent researches, for the more im- 
portant results of which I have to thank Mrs. R. B. Townshend of 
Oxford, make it possible to confirm this, and to place Aurelian more 
precisely in the family pedigree. The Townshends of Raynham, still 
represented by the present Marquis Townshend, arrived at dignity 
and importance under the Tudors over the stepping-stones of the 
law. Sir Roger Townshend, Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, 
who died in 1492-3, was father of another Sir Roger, who died about 
I J J r-z. This second Sir Roger had several sons. In the latter part 
of Elizabeth's reign the head of the main line of the house was his 
great grandson, a third Roger, son of Richard, son of John, who earned 
the honour of knighthood from Lord Admiral Howard at sea during 
the struggle with the Armada (Camden, ii. J7^), and died in i J90, 

b leaving 



X INTRODUCTION 

leaving a son John, who in his turn was knighted during the Cadiz 
expedition in 1^96 (Camden, ii. 71^). In 1^86 Roger Townshend 
had liis town mansion among the garden houses of Redcross Street in 
St. Giles', Cripplegate (J. J. Baddeley, St. Giles Without Cripplegate, 
17), and in 159^ his widow Jane, sister of Sir John Stanhope, after- 
wards Lord Stanhope of Harrington, was living in the Barbican, also 
apartof Cripplegate (/yatp/dA/^^.v. 114). In 1J98 « the faire Lady 
Townesend ' married Henry Lord Berkeley, and discontented Lord 
Chamberlain Hunsdon, whose daughter Elizabeth was wife of Sir 
Thomas, Lord Berkeley's son by a former marriage (Sydney Papers,ii. 92). 
The second son of the second Sir Roger was Sir Robert Townshend, 
who became Chief Justice of Chester, and was succeeded in this post 
by his son Sir Henry, the father of Hayward orHeywood Townshend 
of Lincoln's Inn, the author of a political diary printed as Historical 
Collections : or, an Exact Account of the Proceedings of the Four Last Par- 
liaments of Queen Eli'^^beth of Famous Memory (1^80), which is 
a work of value to historians. Heywood Townshend himself sat as 
member for Chester in the Parliament of 16^01, and records the 
compliment paid to him by Bacon, during the debate about mono- 
polies, on ' the wise and discreet speech made by the young gentleman, 
even the youngest in the assembly, that last spake '. He died in 
161^. Most of the pedigrees confine themselves mainly to these 
two lines of descent from the second Sir Roger (Norfolk and Norwich 
Archaeological Society, The visitation of Norfolk^ i. 30^; Blomefield, 
History of Norfolk^ vii. 1 3 I ; C. H. Townshend, The Townshend Family, 
and other American researches after antiquity), but two manuscripts 
(B. M. Harkian MS. 47 J (J, £ 3 7 ; Bodl. l^wlinson MS. B. 421, £ 103; 
cf. Appendix A) record the posterity of a third son, George Townshend 
of Dereham Abbey in the parish of West Dereham, Norfolk. George 
Townshend married in 1^16 a daughter of Sir Richard Thurston, 
Sheriff of London, and had a son John, also of Dereham Abbey, who 

married 



INTRODUCTION xi 

married Anne, daughter of Sir Richard Catlin, Chief Justice of 
the Queen's Bench. They had a daughter Franceline, who is said 
in the pedigrees to have married Edmond Neville, reputed Earl of 
Westmorland. And her daughter Franceline Neville married her 
distant cousin Heywood Townshend, of whom mention has already 
been made. Edmond Neville was not by rights Earl of Westmorland. 
The dignity was under attainder after the rebellion of Charles Neville, 
the sixth Earl, in 1J71. Edmund Neville was a collateral, who 
sought in vain to get it revived in his favour by James the First 
(D. Rowland, Account of the Home of Nevill, 53, 175). Nor was 
Franceline Townshend, strictly speaking, his wife, for on his death 
about 1^31 he left a widow Jane, to whom he had been married at 
least as early as lySo. The nature of his domestic arrangements is 
explained in the description of the English refiigees in Flanders given 
in James Wadsworth's English Sfanish Pilgrim (1^29), 6^ : — 

' There is one Neuill who stiles himselfe Earle of Westmerland, 
but his Earledom many times will scarce furnish him with a dinner, 
and were it not for his second wife [in margin, 'This Neuils first 
wife is yet lining in London '] who playeth the shee Physitian in the 
Archdutches Court, hee might be put oft times to narrower shifts, not- 
withstanding his 100 crownes pension a month.' 

Wadsworth's account of the matter is confirmed by the following 
entry in a list {S. P. Dom. Car. I, clxxxv. 82) prepared for Laud in 
163 1 by Thomas Mottershed, deputy registrar of the Court of High 
Commission, of persons who had, about 1619-13 as it seems, been 
committed to his custody by order of the Court : — 

'Mris. fFrancelliana Tounsend complaynid off to the Comissioners 
for notorious adultery vr^^ Mr. E. Nevill who in the beginning of 
Kinge James his raigne here in England sewed to be Earle of West- 
morland was uppon her apparance committed vnto me and my wife 
in sequistration, and there continued sub salua custodia till she was 
released, by order of the court.' 



xii INTRODUCTION 

I have only revived this ancient scandal because the adventurous 
lady appears to have been none other than the own sister of our poet. 
Neither the Harleian nor the Rawlinson manuscript names Aurelian, 
but Mrs. R. B. Townshend has been fortunate enough to find in 
Somerset House (P.C.C. Wmdsor,^i) the will, dated on i ith December, 
I J 83, of Thomas Townsend, yeoman, of Crymplesham in Norfolk, 
and in this the testator leaves a legacy of £30, together with ' all my 
shippe and lambes that bee or shalbe goinge or any way appertayning 
to the sheepes course of Crymplesham ', to Mr. Aurelianus Townsend 
and Mrs. Frauncis Townsend, children of his very good master, John 
Townsend, Esquire, of West Dereham. They are also to inherit 
the reversion of the testator's lands and tenements, after the deaths 
of his own wife Anne and daughter Joan. The execution of the 
will is left to John Townsend as residuary legatee, and failing him, 
John's wife Anne. It was in fact proved by John Townsend on 
nth August, 1586. 

Aurelian Townshend, then, was son of John Townshend of West 
Der^^nijJNorfolk, and third cousin of Sir Roger Townshend of 
Raynham, of Armada fame, and of Heywood Townshend, M. P. for 
Chester. He was bom at some date not later than 1583. He was 
still a young man in 1600, when he attracted the notice of Sir 
Robert Cecil, who formed the design of training him for the service 
of his son William Cecil, then a boy not yet at the University. 
Townshend had been ' well bredd ' and possessed *■ a good super- 
ficial! knowledge in the French and Italian tongues '. He also gave 
promise of being able to ' write faire hands ', an accomplishment more 
esteemed of in the seventeenth than in the twentieth century. 
Cecil sent him to Paris, and asked Sir Henry Neville, the ambassador 
there, to find him furnished lodgings, where he would have no 
opportunity of hearing English spoken, and to disburse his main- 
tenance and keep an eye on his morals and his religious exercises. 

With 



INTRODUCTION xiii 

With the fmgal mind that marks the founders of great families, he 
provided for Townshend's travelling expenses by entrusting him with 
despatches to Neville, and signing a warrant to the Treasurer of the 
Chamber for the charges of carrying them. Townshend reached his 
destination about the middle of April, and was placed by Neville 
in the house of a minister at a cost of ten crowns a month. He 
stayed abroad for three years, and seven letters written by him to 
Cecil during this time remain in the archives at Hatfield. I print 
them in Appendix B. Most of them are in the ' feire hands ', 
French or Italian, which his patron anticipated, and are full of ex- 
pressions of gratitude to Cecil and protestations of a desire to do him 
service. They also contain evidences that the J!;pung^ man, how- 
e ver good a lin guistj had much to learn in jlje_ experience of liie. 
After a year in Paris, Cecil sent him on to Italy. His letters from 
Venice contain such scraps of information as he could pick up for 
Cecil's benefit with regard to the supposed designs of the King of 
Spain, together with accounts of local events, including the burning of 
the Arsenal of Venice in July, itfor, of which he was an eye-witness. 
It is not, however, likely that Cecil, who had a competent agent at 
Venice in Dr. Thomas Wilson, relied very seriously upon Aurelian 
Townshend for intelligence. Aurelian does not seem to have been 
at all discreet in the choice of his acquaintances. In June, 1601, we 
find him writing to bespeak Cecil's good offices for a certain Dr. 
John Thomil, an Englishman by birth and a Canon of Vicenza, whom" 
he had met at Bologna on a journey to Florence, and who would 
gladly, as he learnt, come to England, if he could be assured of the 
protection of the powerful Secretary. A year or two later Thomil 
did come to England, as a Catholic emissary, and was harboured by 
the Venetian ambassador (L. Pearsall Smith, Letters of Henry Wotton, 
i. 331). In the following October, Townshend was more unlucky 
still, for he fell into the hands of Sir Anthony Sherley, an English 

adventurer. 



xiv INTRODUCTION 

adventurer, who had gone on an absurd mission in the hope of 
inducing the Shah of Persia to make common cause with the 
Christian princes of Europe against the Turks, and on his return had 
drifted to Venice, where he was now intriguing with Spain under the 
watchful eyes of Thomas Wilson, and endeavouring to escape from 
the burden of his debts. Sherley succeeded in borrowing from 
Townshend two hundred scudi of Cecil's money, and then left him 
stranded. Through the good offices of Donne's friend, Basil 
Brooke, Townshend obtained a hundred scudl from John Brown, an 
English merchant at Florence, and was thereby enabled to complete 
his peregrinations to Siena, and through Tuscany and the Romagna. 
On his return to Venice he gave Brown a bill of exchange upon 
Cecil. But this, as a note by Cecil's secretary endorsed upon one of 
Townshend's letters informs us, Cecil refused to accept. Townshend 
was summoned home. But his misfortunes were not yet over, for he 
sprained his ankle before he reached Strassburg, and then fell ill at 
Nancy and spent all his money, so that he had to beg of friends in 
order to pay his way to Paris. From here he sent Cecil a fresh 
appeal for funds on 7th February, 1503 ; and another warrant from 
Cecil to the Treasurer of the Chamber, dated on 27th April of the 
same year, indicates that Townshend had come back, as he had 
set out, in the capacity of a Queen's messenger. These dates, as well 
as Townshend's want of resources, make it clear that, when John 
Manningham wrote in his diary on 12th February, 16^03, that 'Ben 
Johnson the poet nowe lives upon one Townesend and scornes the 
world ', it cannot, as conjectured by his editor (T. Bruce, Manningham's 
Diary, 130), have been Aurelian to whom he alluded. 

There is nothing to show whether Townshend was actually employed 
on his return, in accordance with the original intention of his patron 
to wait upon William Cecil. This youth, who succeeded his father as 
second Earl of Salisbury in 161 2, married in 1608 Catherine Howard, 



INTRODUCTION xv 

a sister of the notorious Countess of Essex, and she is doubtless the 
Countess of Salisbury to whom, according to a superscription in 
Malone MS. 13, the lines beginning ' Victorious beauty ' (No. ii) were 
addressed. To these Aurelian Townshend has probably the best 
claim, although some manuscripts assign them to the Earl of Pembroke 
and one to John Donne. To me they do not seem to have the 
touch of Donne, who did, however, in August, 1614, address to Lady 
Salisbury a verse letter (^Poems, ii. 57) in that vein of courtly hyper- 
bole which marks all his literary compliments to noble dames. In " 
i<Jo8, the year of William Cecil's marriage, we find Townshend 
again abroad, in the company of Sir Edward Herbert, afterwards 
Lord Herbert of Cherbury, who describes him as *• a gentleman that 
spoke the languages of French, Italian, and Spanish in great per- / 
fection '. The party went from Calais to Paris, and thence to the 
seat of the Constable de Montmorency at Merlou or Mello, near 
Clermont. Here Herbert became embroiled with a Frenchman, who 
had discourteously snatched a knot of ribbon from the Constable's 
daughter, and Townshend was called upon to undertake the delivery 
of a challenge. Here too the boar was hunted, and Herbert boasts 
how he fought the quarry on foot with his sword, while Townshend 
and others ' did endeavour rather to withdraw me from, than assist 
me in the danger '. The whole summer was spent at Mello and at 
another house belonging to the Constable at Chantilly, and after 
a second visit to Paris Herbert finally returned to England with Sir 
Thomas Lucy of Charlecote in January, 1^09 (Herbert, Autobiography, 
87, 93, 100). It may be that this was not the end of Townshend's 
connexion with Sir Edward Herbert, for in a letter of 8th April, i<Ji J, 
to Herbert his stepfather. Sir John Danvers, states that he has 
repaid himself £yo 'about soe much w^h I had disbursed for you 
towards the hundred pounds imployed for Mr. Townsend and your 
other occasions ' (^Montgomeryshire Historical and Archaeological 

Collections, 



xvi INTRODUCTION 

Collections, xx. 84). On the other hand, I think there is some reason 
to suppose that Townshend re-entered the service of Robert Cecil, 
now Earl of Salisbury and Lord High Treasurer, for in the account 
by Dr. John Bowles of the Earl's fatal illness at the Bath and death at 
Marlborough on 24th May, 161 2, there is more than one mention 
of the name of one Townshend as in intimate attendance upon him. 
Bowles visited Salisbury on the 17th May and found 'noe company 
wth him but only Mr. Townsende ', and in describing the actual death- 
scene he relates that ' My lords head laye upon two pillowes upon 
Mr. Townesends lap' (Peck, Desiderata Curiosa, i. 205 ; ffist. MSS. 
X. 4. 1 2 ). Mr. Bruce (Manningham's Diary, 130) says that Townshend 
was steward in Cecil's household. But he does not give his authority, 
and I have a suspicion that the statement may rest upon a misreading 
of the phrase ' sometimes towards the Lord Treasurer Salisbury ' in 
John Pory's letter of 1^32 quoted below. 

Now follows a long gap of twenty years in the history of 
Aurelian Townshend, during which his way of life is altogether 
obscure. All that is known with certainty is that he was living and 
registering his children between 1622 and 1^32 in the parish of 
St. Giles, Cripplegate, in earlier years the London head-quarters of his 
Raynham kinsmen, and that on 3rd June, 1^29, he was successfiil in 
obtaining the wardship of Philippa Ivatt, the lunatic widow of Thomas 
Ivatt, searcher, of London (S.P. Dom. Car. I, cxliii. 40; cxliv, p. 567). 
Records in the College of Arms, of which a certified copy is in the 
hands of Mr. C. W. Townshend of Trevallyn, indicate that his wife 
was Anne, daughter of Edward Wythies of Copgrave, Yorkshire, and 
widow of William Agborough, who died in 161 9 and by whom she 
had a son Robert, who adopted Townshend's name. The children 
of Aurelian Townshend, ' gentleman,' are given by J. P. Collier 
(Memoirs of Actors, xxiv), citing the Cripplegate registers, as George 
(baptized 17th December, 1622), Mary (baptized 8th April, 1626), 

James 



INTRODUCTION xvii 

James (baptized 13th December, 1627), Herbert (baptized 23rd 
September, KJ31 ; buried 26'th February, 163 y), and Frances 
(baptized 17th September, 1631). 

Egiri3Mni£3 2, Townshend suddenly m^kesjjisappearanceas a writer 
ofjcourtjmasks. 0£ these there were two in which he had a share. 
He seems to have collaborated with Inigo Jones in the ' invention ' of 
the king's mask of Albion s 7riu>n£h on the 8th January, for which he 
probably wrote all the verses, and of which he certainly wrote the 
description which was subsequently published. To the queen's mask 
of Xsm fe Ijestored on the following 14th February he apparently only 
contributed the verses, while Inigo Jones made himself responsible 
fcr the whole of the 'invention' and also for the exceedingly 
cumbrous description. It is therefore to Jones rather than to 
Townshend that must be assigned whatever discredit attaches to the 
feet that much of Tempe Restored is plagiarized from the Ballet comique 
de la I{eine of Baltazarin de Beaujoyeulx, presented before Henri III 
of France in 1 582 at the wedding of the Due de Joyeuse and Made- 
moiselle Vaudemont. Townshend's own plot for Albion's Triumph is 
trivial, but__theJ|TOCsin_bothjimks_are gra and quite adequate 

for their purpose, which after all was little more than to furnish 
a libretto for the elaborate stage-architecture and ingenious machinery 
of Inigo Jones, and for the tuneful voices of Nicholas Lanier, 
Madame Coniacke and Mrs. Sheperd. John Pory, a gossip of the 
day, tells us that Townshend had been ' sometimes towards the Lord 
Treasurer Salisbury ', and that he got his opportunity at court through 
the disrepute into which Ben Jonson had fallen on account of certain 
satirical diatribes against his colleague and rival, the domineering 
and self-sufficient Inigo. I think it not improbable that Townshend 
may have been introduced by Edmund Taverner, who like himself 
had been in the train of Sir Edward Herbert in 1^08 (Herbert, 
u/iutobiografhy, 198) and was secretaiy to PhiUp, Earl of Montgomery, 

c the 



:(/'-:■ 



xviii INTRODUCTION 

the Lord Chamberlain, and as such was charged with the financial 
.arrangements for the masks. 

Townshend was not in any other year called upon for a mask. 
But he had now his place in the world of letters, and such verses by 
him and literary allusions to him, as can be dated, mostly belong to 
the next few years. An address (No. xv) to Charles the First, 
written in Aurelian's 'faire ' hand, is of 1^32—3. A lyric (No. viii) 
shows that he was admitted to court, and had the honour of hearing 
Henrietta Maria sing. On 8th August, 1^3 3, he was also admitted as 
' Aurelian Towneshend Esq.' to the fellowship of Gray's Inn (J. Foster, 
I{egister of admissions to Gray's Inn, 200). He sent an elegy (No. 
xvi) to Sir Kenelm Digby, during Digby's fantastic mourning for the 
lost Venetia, who died on ist May, 1^33. With Suckling, Carew, 
Davenant and others, he contributed verses of laudation (No. xvii) 
upon Lord Carey's translation of Bpmulus and Tarquin, published in 
1^37. Suckling introduces him into ^ Session of the Poets, which 
must have been written between September, 1633, when Lucius Gary 
became Lord Falkland, and the death of Ben Jonson in August, 
1^37. The touch of contempt in Suckling's lines is probably meant 
for Townshend rather than for George Sandys : — 

■^ Therefore the wits of the town came thither 



Sands with Townsend, for they kept no order '. 

To Townshend's friendship with Thomas Carew, Aubrey has already 
borne witness, although I think that there is nothing to justify Mr. 
Ebsworth's conjecture {iVork^ of Carew, 160) that Townshend was 
editor of the posthumous Poems of 1^40, and it is quite likely that 
Aubrey had little more to go upon than Carew's own verse letter to 
Townshend in those very Poems. This is of interest and shall be 
inserted here. 

IN 



INTRODUCTION 



IN ANSWER OF AN ELEGIACAL LETTER, UPON THE DEATH OF 

THE KING OF SWEDEN FROM AURELIAN TOWNSHEND, 

INVITING ME TO WRITE ON THAT SUBJECT. 

Why dost thou sound, my dear Aurelian, 

In so shrill accents from thy Barbican 

A loud alarum to my drowsy eyes. 

Bidding them wake in tears and elegies 

For mighty Sweden's fall ? Alas ! how may 

My lyric feet, that of the smooth soft way 

Of love and beauty only know the tread 

In dancing paces, celebrate the dead 

Victorious King, or his majestic hearse 

Profane with th' humble touch of their low verse ; 

Virgil, nor Lucan, no, nor Tasso, more 

Than both, not Donne, worth all that went before. 

With the united labour of their wit. 

Could a just poem to this subject fit. 

His actions were too mighty to be raised 

Higher by verse : let him in prose be praised. 

In modest faithful story, which his deeds 

Shall turn to poems. When the next age reads 

Of Frankfort, Leipzig, Wurzburg, of the Rhine, 

The Lech, the Danube, Tilly, Wallenstein, 

Bavaria, Pappenheim, Lutzen-field, where he 

Gained after death a posthume victory. 

They'll think his acts things rather feign'd than done, 

Like our romances of The Knight o' th' Sun. 

Leave 



INTRODUCTION 

Leave we him, then, to the grave chronicler. 

Who, though to annals he cannot refer 

His too-brief story, yet his journals may 

Stand by the Caesars' years, and, every day 

Cut into minutes, each shall more contain 

Of great designment than an Emperor's reign. 

And, since 'twas but his church-yard, let him have 

For his own ashes now no narrower grave 

Than the whole German continent's vast womb. 

Whilst all her cities do but make his tomb. 

Let us to supreme Providence commit 

The fate of monarchs, which first thought it fit 

To rend the empire from the Austrian grasp j 

And next from Sweden's, even when he did clasp 

Within his dying arms the sovereignty 

Of all those provinces, that men might see 

The Divine wisdom would not leave that land 

Subject to any one King's sole command. 

Then let the Germans fear, if Caesar shall. 

Or the united princes, rise and fall j 

But let us, that in myrtle bowers sit 

Under secure shades, use the benefit 

Of peace and plenty j which the blessed hand 

Of our good King gives this obdurate land ; 

Let us of revels sing, and let thy breath, 

(Which filled Fame's trumpet with Gustavus' death. 

Blowing his name to heaven), gently inspire 

Thy pastoral pipe, till all our swain's admire 

Thy song and subject, whilst they both comprise 

The beauties of the Shepherd's Paradise. 

For who like Her (whose loose discourse is far 



More 



INTRODUCTION 

More neat and polished than our poems are. 
Whose very gait 's more gracefiil than our dances) 
In sweetly-flowing numbers my advances 
The glorious night when, not to act foul rapes 
Like birds or beasts, but in their angel shapes, 
. A troop of deities came down to guide 
Our steerless barks in passion's swelling tide 
By virtue's card, and brought us from above 
A pattern of their own celestial love j 
Nor lay it in dark sullen precepts drown'd, 
But with rich fancy and clear action crown'd, 
Through a mysterious fable (that was drawn, 
Like a transparent veil of purest lawn, 
Before their dazzling beauties) the divine 
Venus did with her heavenly Cupid shine. 
The story's curious web, the masculine style, 
The subtle sense, did time and sleep beguile ; 
Pinion'd and charm'd they stood, to gaze upon 
Th' angel-like forms, gestures and motion ; 
To hear those ravishing sounds, that did dispense 
Knowledge and pleasure to the soul and sense. 
It filJ'd us with amazement to behold 
Love made all spirit ; his corporeal mould 
Dissected into atoms, melt away 
To empty air, and, from the gross allay 
Of mixtures and compounding accidents. 
Refined to immaterial elements. 
But when the Queen of Beauty did inspire 
The air with perfumes, and our hearts with fire, 
Breathing from her celestial organ sweet 
Harmonious notes, our souls fell at her feet, 



And 



xxii INTRODUCTION 

And did with humble reverend duty more 
Her rare perfections than high state adore. 

These harmless pastimes let my Townsend sing 
To rural tunes j not that thy Muse wants wing 
To soar a loftier pitch, for she hath made 
A noble flight, and placed th' heroic shade 
Above the reach of our faint flagging rhyme ; 
But these are subjects proper to our clime. 
Tourneys, masques, theatres, better become 
Our halcyon days. What though the German drum 
Bellow for freedom and revenge, the noise 
Concerns not us, nor should divert our joys j 
Nor ought the thunder of their carabines 
Drown the sweet airs of our tuned violins. 
Believe me, friend, if their prevailing powers 
Gain them a calm security like ours, 
They'll hang their arms upon the olive bough. 
And dance and revel then, as we do now. 

Gustavus Adolphus fell at Liitzen on ^th November, 16^1, and the 
English pens were vexed at his loss. I find a series of ten elegies 
in the Third Pan of The Swedish Intelligencer (1^33), amongst the 
authors of which are Henry King and Sir Thomas Roe ; but neither 
here nor elsewhere one that can be identified with Townshend's. 
Carew's reference at the end of his poem to The Shepherd's Paradise 
has led his editors to suggest that Townshend may have been the 
author of that tedious pastoral, wherein Henrietta Maria played at 
court during January, 1^33, and provoked a criticism in Prynne's 
Histriomastix (1^33), which more than anything led to the clipping 
of Prynne's ears. But Carew's words do not really bear out any 
such interpretation, and a reference by Suckling in ^ Session of the 
Poets fiilly confirms the printer's statement in the itff 9 edition of the 

play 



INTRODUCTION xxiii 

play that the author was Walter Montagu. One wo uld gladly_k ngaL- 
what relations existed JhetTffppn^_Tf;ynthi?jui...and h '^-JIgd^£l£^-''"'.l.f' -'' 
^J!i£ii£Lf^?°H££JSS5i5iIJl3tlj.^-t-!-Eeiv There is, however, little to 
help out a conjecture. The ' close intimacy ' which has been alleged 
(^D.JV.B. s. V. Townsend) is probably inferred from the passage in 
Manningham's Diary, which, as shown above, must relate to some 
Townshend other than Aurelian. When Jonson was supplanted at 
court, he wreaked vengeance upon Inigo Jones as In-and-in Medlay 
in The Tale of a Tub (1^33), and with Medlay he couples as author 
of a burlesque mask one ' Diogenes Scriben, of Chalcot, the great 
writer ', who may perhaps be meant for Townshend, although specific 
traits on which an identification can be based are missing. Towns- 
hend, almost alone of contemporary wits, contributed nothing to 
Jonsonus yirbius in 1^38, and although, if the verses on The Magnetic 
Lady (No. xix) are really his, he had come gallantly to Jonson's 
defence against Alexander Gill in 1^32, our pleasure at finding him 
capable of this piece of generosity is clouded by the suspicion that 
after all they may belong to Zouch Townley. A yeau later, at any 
Tate, in writing his elegy on Venetia Digby (No. xvi), he paid due 
tribute to Venetia's accredited poet. 

It was from the Barbican in Cripplegate that Townshend sent 
iis elegy to Carew, and he was still at the Barbican when the 
notice of him now to be quoted was written some years later. This 
comes from the jottings made, according to Gsllier in 1842 (^Shakf- 
jpeare, I. xcvi) and Dyce in 1843 (^Beaumont and Fletcher, I. xvii), both 
of whom saw the book, upon the margins of a copy of a i6'42 edition 
of Roper's Life of More, and ascribed in Horace Walpole's hand on 
the title-page to Philip, Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery. As 
a matter of fact, there is not, so far as I know, any 1^41 edition of 
Roper's Life of More, or any seventeenth-century edition other than 
that of 1^2^. I have not been fortunate enough to get a sight of 

the 



xxiv INTRODUCTION 

the book, which still exists in private hands, and I can therefore only 
guess that 1642 is the date, not of the printed volume, but of the 
manuscript jotting. It reads as if it belonged to the period of the 
Civil Wars, when the palmy days of wits and poets had already fled. 
Pembroke, it maybe noted, had been Lord Chamberlain in 16 ^z 
when Townshend brought his masks to court, but resigned his office 
in 1^41 and threw in his fortunes with those of the Parliament. 
I quote his account of Townshend from Dyce's transcript. 

' Mr Aureliand Townesend, a poore & pocky Poett, but a marryed 

man & an howsekeeper in Barbican, hard by ye now Earl of Bridge- 

) waters. Hee hath a very fine & fayer daughter, M^a to the Palsgraue 

first, and then afterwards ye noble Count of Dorsetj a Priuy Councelour 

j& a Knight of ye Garter. Aurelian would bee glad to sell an 100 

(verses now at sixepence a peice, Jo shillinges an 100 verses.' 

Either poverty or a sense of injustice led Townshend to petition the 
House of Lords for a protection, which was granted on 3rd March, 
1643 (^Lords' Journals, v. ^32-6), against arrest by Isaac TuUey, 
silkman, on a claim of £600 for silk and fringes supplied for 
Lewis Boyle, Viscount Kinalmeaky, one of several ennobled sons of 
Richard Boyle, the first Earl of Cork. Possibly Townshend may 
have been in some way attached to Kinalmeaky, who had fallen in 
the battle of Liscarrolon 3rd September, 1^42, but he repudiated any 
personal debt to Tulley, and claimed to be a servant of the King. 
Of this there is some little confirmation in a notice of one 'Townsend ' 
whose status is not defined, as concerned with the negotiations of 
some household officers for arrears of livery during February, 1642 
(5. P. Dom. Car. I, cccclxxxix. J 8). What post, if any, Townshend 
held, I do not know. Mr. E. I. Carlyle (^D.N.B.) says that he was 
' apparently a gentleman of the privy chamber', but gives no authority. 
I should think some office in the wardrobe more likely. 

Townshend's dainty verses to his daughter (No. i) contain an 

allusion 



INTRODUCTION xxv 

allusion to her conquest of a prince. Charles Louis, the Elector 
Palatine, came to England for the first time in October, kJjj:, and 
remained until February, 1637. He returned in 1641 and left in the 
summer of 1^41, just before the outbreak of hostilities. Finally he 
came in 1^44, to prosecute relations with the Parliament (M. A. E. 
Green, Eli'j^beth of Bohemia^, 323, 336, 34^, 357, 3^2). One of his 
mother's letters mentions his amorous reputation in 16^6; but if 1^42 
is really the date of Lord Pembroke's note, the intrigue with Mary 
Townshend must have been an incident of his second visit. As she 
was baptized on 8th April, i6z6, she had entered early upon her career 
of gallantry. Her second protector, Edward Sackville, fourth Earl 
of Dorset, is the same who was in earher life the lover of Venetia 
Stanley, and figures as the Mardontins of Sir Kenelm Digby's Memoirs. 
' The vices he had,' says Clarendon, ' were of the age, which he was 
not stubborn enough to contemn or resist.' And indeed the tolerant 
court of Charles and Henrietta Maria was little inclined to look 
askance at Mary Townshend. A manuscript in the Bodleian (^shm. 
MS. 204, £ 107) contains, amongst other prescriptions written by Sir 
Theodore de Mayerne, one 'Pour M™ Marie Townsend 29 Apuril 
1^44 '. I do not transcribe it, partly because the Latin of physicians 
is a grimoire, and partly because there ought to be some limit to the 
indiscretions even of a literary biographer. The point is that on 
29th April, 1^44, Henrietta Maria was at Exeter, where Mayerne 
visited her (^D.N.B. s. v. Mayerne), and I have very Httle doubt that 
Mary Townshend was in her train. On 25th February, 1^45, the 
lady's marriage is recorded by William Dngdale, the herald, in his 
diary (^Life, 84) as follows :— 

' Mi^ Geo. Kirke one of the Groomes of his Ma'ies bedchamber 
maryed Mrs Mary Tounsend, daughter of Mi' Aurelian Tounsend, in 
ye Quire of Christ church, in Oxford. The King gave her ; she being 
the admired beauty of the tymes.' 

d The 



xxvi INTRODUCTION 

The King not merely honoured the wedding with his presence j 
he also, for a sum of ^f 2,5:00 down, settled upon the bride a join- 
ture of £joo, to be charged upon the revenues of the Honour of 
Grafton (S. P. Dom. Car. 11, 1676-7, p. iji)- George Kirke, with 
whom the Townshends thus entered into alliance, was a typical 
example of the Caroline courtier by profession. His father, also a 
George Kirke, of Scottish extraction, had served King James, from his 
infancy to his death, firstly as Groom of the Bedchamber and then 
as Gentleman of the Robes. The younger Kirke followed a very 
similar career. He was Groom of the Bedchamber to Prince Charles 
in 1613 and was continued in the same place on the accession with 
a fee of /^^oo a year. About 1^38 he claimed to be the King's 
' ancientest servant '. In 1^30 he succeeded the Duke of Buckingham 
as Gentleman of the Robes, and he seems to have held both offices 
throughout the reign, with a possible interval in 16^38, when he 
described himself as ' off the stage of the court ' and able to ' play no 
usefiil part to do my friends any service '. As Gentleman of the 
Robes he had to do with court masks, and to him, as well as to 
Taverner, a payment was made in connexion with Townshend's 
^Ibions Triumfh. There is frequent mention in state papers 
of his broils with other household officers, of grants made to him, 
and of attempts of suitors to approach the King through his means. 
He feathered his nest busily, undertook draining enterprises in the 
Fens, provoked riots by his enclosures in Gillingham Forest, secured 
trading privileges in Guinea and in Canada. In 1^41 he was accused 
of detaining trust fimds to the amount of ^'40,000. One of his 
colleagues in his Guinea adventures was Sir Kenelm Digby, and he is 
probably the G. K. whose haltingverses to Venetia Stanley are amongst 
Digby's papers (Poems, 14). Mr. Warner, when aimotating those 
papers, suggested that he was also the ' FameUcus ' of Digby's auto- 
biographical romance (Private Memoirs, 143), 'one that served the 

King 



INTRODUCTION xxvii 

King in the same place that he did,' who intrigued with the equally 
unidentified ' Nugentius ' to slander Venetia, the ' Stelliana ' of the 
narrative. I have taken a particular dislike to George Kirke, and 
am sure that he was capable of slandering any woman, if he had an 
end to gain. Nevertheless I do not think that Mr. Warner's con- 
jecture is very plausible. Digby was of the Privy Chamber, not the 
Bedchamber, and therefore not in ' the same place ' as Kirke. More- 
over the Guinea syndicate in which Digby and Kirke were partners 
was formed in 163 1, and was therefore subsequent to the falling out 
between Famelicus and Theagenes, who is Digby, over the Stelliana 
affair. 

Mary Townshend was not the first wife of George Kirke. On 
2nd January, itfz/, he had married Anne, daughter of Sir Robert 
Killigrew. Charles was at the wedding and presented the bridegroom 
with a life-interest in the manor of Sheriff Hutton in Yorkshire 
(5. P. Dom. Car. II, cliv. (J8). A news writer records that the King 
or the Duke of Buckingham was thought to have made the match, 
and that its solemnization was rendered sensational by the arrest of 
one Gottier, a musician, for misconduct with the Earl of Carlisle's 
daughter (^Court and Times of Charles the First, i. 183). Mrs. Kirke 
played in The Shepherd's Paradise in 166^, and in April, 1^37, became 
dresser to Henrietta Maria (W. Knowler, Strafford Papers, ii. 73). 
Two portraits of her by Vandyke are extant. One has recently 
been lent to the National Gallery from the collection of Lord Lucas ; 
the other, in which she is represented sitting with Lady Dalkeith, 
after-wards Countess of Morton, is at St. Petersburg. A daughter 
was buried in Westminster Abbey on 23rd May, 1^40 (Chester^ 
Westminster Registers, 1 34). There was also by 1^41 a son Charles, 
on whom the King seems to have settled, probably in reversion, the 
Keepership of Whitehall, to which, under a patent of 1 8th July, i ^42, 
his father laid claim at the Restoration as his heir (S. P. Dom. Car. 1, 

cccclxxvii, 



xxviii INTRODUCTION 

cccclxxvii, p. 4f 3 ; S. P. Dom. Car. II, Ixviii. 3^; Cakndar of Treasury 
Books, i. 3<?f)- On 6th July, 16413 London was moved with the 
sudden tragedy of Anne Kirke's death by drowning in the Thames. 
A barge, in which she was in company with the Earl of Denbigh, 
Lady Kinalmeaky, and Jane Lady Garnwallis, struck upon a piece of 
iioating timber, while shooting the arch of London Bridge, and was 
upset J and ' sweet Mrs Kirke ' alone of that gay party was not saved. 
The accident is noted in the Abbey registers (Chester, 135), in the 
diary of the Earl of Cork, Lady Kinalmeaky 's father-in-law (Grosart, 
Lhmoye Papers, 1st s. v. 180), and in several contemporary letters 
(5. P. Dom. Car. I, cccclxxxii. 23, 24, 50; Cowfer MSS. n. z88). 
' The Queen has taken very heavily the news,' reports one writer, 
' and, they say, shed tears for her.' It was a theme for elegies. 
There is one in Robert Heath's Clarastella (1650), another in Henry 
King's Poems, Elegies, Paradoxes and Sonnets (16J7); but the most 
elaborate is that of Henry Glapthorne, appended to his Whitehall 
(1643), in which two poems are combined in an ' Anniversarie ', 
plainly modelled on the celebrated laments of John Donne for 
Elizabeth Drury. During the earlier part of the civil wars, George 
Kirke continued to exercise his functions as Gentleman of the Robes, 
and as such is found maintaining communications between Charles 
at Oxford and the Parliament in London {Hist. MSS. iv. 233 j v. 
^9j ^93 113)- By 26th February, 1646, the date of his second 
marriage with Mary Townshend, he had joined the King in Oxford, 
and for this delinquency his estate was sequestrated in the following 
April. Subsequently he was allowed to compound for one-tenth of 
its value, for which he paid in all 3^76^ (^Calendar of Committee for 
Compounding, 1469). 

There is no reason to suppose that Mary Townshend made a 
faith&l wife. Sir Walter Scott owned a manuscript version (Somers 
Tracts, 2nd ed. v. 473) of the satirical pamphlet The Parliament of 

Ladies 



INTRODUCTION xxix 

Ladies (16^47), which contained some passages not in the printed 
edition, and in one of these the name of ' Mrs Kirke ' is bandied with 
that of Prince Maurice, the younger brother of her first protector, 
the Elector Palatine. The Parliament of Ladies was issued, according 
to a note in George Thomason's copy, on i^th April, 1^47 ; but the 
scandal must then have been old, as Prince Maurice had left England 
on 8th July, 1646, a fortnight after the surrender of Oxford, and 
only a few months later than the date of the Kirke marriage. In 
April, 1^47, George Kirke went out of London, and left ^fioo for his 
wife's maintenance in the hands of one Fitchett, a Yeoman of the 
Woodyard. This sum Fitchett detained, and in July, 1^48, Mary 
Kirke had to petition the House of Lords for its recovery (^Hist. MSS. 
vii. 3^, ji). The best that can be said for the Kirkes is that they 
both seem to have served Charles the First to the end. When the 
King fled from Hampton Court on nth November, 1^47, he left a 
letter for Colonel Whalley, who had been his custodian, in which 
amongst other things he begs him to restore certain pictures to their 
owners ; and one of these is ' my wife's picture, in blue, sitting in 
a chair', which is to be sent to Mrs. Kirke (Lords' Journals, ix. J 20). 
In the following September, George Kirke was one of the Grooms 
of the Bedchamber appointed to wait upon Charles at a conference 
with Commissioners of the Parliament at Newport in the Isle of 
Wight (-(4 Declaration of the Order of the Treaty, 1^48). 

It is at some ti me after his appeal to Parliament in March, 
i^437^S^ureIian_^ownshend_di from sight. Dugdale's 

reference to him rather suggests that he was ahve at the date of his 
daughter's wedding. His last datable poem is that (No. xviii) con- 
tributed to the (A}sds:£j^salmes of Henry and William Lawes. This 
was published in(i,^48,jbut Townshend's verses bear internal evidence 
of havinpbeen written before the death of William Lawes in Sep- 
tember,/i^45.) It is very unlikely that Townshend, who in signing 
^*»— ^ his 



XXX INTRODUCTION 

his own name always spells it ' Tounshend ', is the ' Tounsend ' of the 
rather feeble commendatory lines (No. xx) to Clement Barksdale's 
Nympha Libethrls of itfji. I strongly suspect that he is the 'Mr 
Townshend, Gent.' whose name appears amongst those of the servants 
and attendants included in Sir Thomas Fairfax's passport of 19th June, 
1646^ for the Princes Rupert and Maurice to leave England after 
the fall of Oxford (E. Warburton, Prince l{ufert and the Cavaliers, iii. 
33j). If so, he may have gone either with Rupert to France or 
with Maurice to the Hague. He was now an oldish man, as he was 
certainly born by 1583, and it is fair to assume that he did not 
survive the Commonwealth. His stepson, Robert Agborough, seems 
to have adopted his name at least as early as 1^48. In July of that 
year Agborough took arms for the King under the Earl of Holland, 
was captured and imprisoned, and subsequently allowed to cross the 
seas and return, on giving a bond not to act against the Parliament. 
He is described as Robert Townsend of London. In 16^0 he again 
went abroad under recognizances to Holland (S. P. Dom. 1^48-9, pp. 
17 J, 183, 2,10, 233, 239,241,325, 33 1} S.P. Dom. i^fo,pp. n^, 
f39, ?4o). On 14th January, 1^52, he compounded for ^fi. 13J. 4^., 
being one-sixth of his estate, and is described as Robert Agberowe, 
alias Townsend, of London {Cal. of Committee for Compounding, 2588). 
He was knighted on 31st May, 1660, two days after the return of 
Charles II to Whitehall, being then of Hem near Holt, Denbighshire, 
and afterwards of Coventry (Le Neve, Pedigrees of the X^nigbts, 57). 
His descendants moved from Hem to Trevallyn, also in Denbighshire, 
and are now represented by Mr. C. W. Townshend, of Trevallyn. 
According to Burke (^Landed Gentry) he was appointed a Gentleman of 
the Privy Chamber. In 1670 he was in business relations with George 
Kirke (Cj/. Treasury Books, iii. 3 98). Mrs. R. B. Townshend has kindly 
communicated to me an abstract of his will in Somerset House, dated 
1684. In this there is mention of his brother, George Townshend, 

who 



INtRODUCTION xxxi 

who can be no other than his half-brother, the son of Aurehan. 
George Townshend also took arms for the King, was in prison in 
1^50, when he had business relations with the Earl of Denbigh, and 
was released in 1^59 (5. P. Dom. 16^0, pp. 1^0, ^6z, 469, 477 ; 
S. P. Dom. i6j9-6o,pp. iitf, 118, 181). I cannot identify him with 
any George Townshend mentioned in the later state papers, and do 
not know what became of him. 

The Kirkes were just the sort of people to come back at the 
Restoration, and come back they did with a vengeance. George 
Kirke, who claimed to be ' much straitened in fortune by his loyalty ', 
recovered his annuity of zos. a day, originally granted in i6zi, and 
his fee as Groom of the Bedchamber to the late King. He also held 
both the Keepership and the Under Keepership of Whitehall, the 
former apparently as heir to his son Charles, who was dead by 166^ 
{S. P. Dom. Car. II, Ixviii, p. 4J ; Ixxxix. 9). His functions included 
the custody of his Majesty's Great Garden and New Orchard within 
the Palace of Whitehall, of the masking habits and other goods 
committed to his care within the said Palace, of the Coney Yard near 
the Cockpit in Westminster, and of his Majesty's several houses called 
Paradise, Hell, and Purgatory, and five other houses adjoining the 
Exchequer and employed for public use (C«/. Treasury Bookf, i. 660). 
For all his places, he was often in pecuniary difficulties. In 1666 he 
found himself in prison for a sum of ^4,000 which he claimed to have 
spent on robes and wearing apparel for Charles I (5. P. Dom. Car. 
II, chv. 68). In 167 1 his official allowances were stopped until he 
made a payment due to the Receiver (Ca/. Treasury Books, iii. 744). 
His not very glorious hfe ended in 1675. On the i6^th of May he 
was buried in St. Margaret's, Westminster (Chester, 295). Mary 
Kirke, Aurelian Townshend's daughter, made an unsuccessful claim 
in 1663 to a privilege in the office of the Volary Keeper (S- P. Dom. 
Car. II, Ixxi. 60). In the same year she was appointed nurse to 

James, 



xxxii INTRODUCTION 

James, Duke of Cambridge, son of the Duke of York, and begged 
a present from the King at the christening (^Hist. MSS. iv. 179). 
She was also placed on the list of participants in the chimney money 
in 166% {Cal. Treasury Sook^, ii. 287). 'M^'s Kirks ' rooms are shown 
next those of the Duke of York's in the well-known plan of 
Whitehall engraved by Vertue in 1747 and probably dating from 
1^53-70 (E. Sheppard, The Old B^yal Palace of Whitehall, ad fin.; 
W. L. Spiers, ^n Autograph Plan by Wren, in London Topographical 
Record, ii. 23). In 1674 she received a grant of rooms in the palace 
during life, and on her husband's death she received a pension of 
£2,^0, and also petitioned for the jointure bestowed on her by 
Charles I at her marriage in 16^6 (5. P. Dom. 1673— y, p. 190; 
1676—7, p. 132). Her will, dated in April, 1701, was proved in 
February, 1702 (Chester, 295). George Kirke was also successful 
during the last years of his life in procuring the continuance to 
his sons Charles, apparently the second of that name, and Philip, 
of his posts of Keeper and Under Keeper of Whitehall. Another 
son was Percy, notorious in history for the brutalities of his ' lambs ' 
after the stricken field of Sedgmoor (S. P. Dom. 167^-$, pp. 209, 
400; 167^-6, p. ifi); Lady Lucy Hamilton Sandys, who was 
buried near the font of Westminster Abbey in 1^87, is said to have 
been a daughter (Chester, 218). Two other daughters became 
windlestraws on the wanton flood of the Restoration. Diana received 
in 1664 a sum of £2,000, due to her father from the late King (S. P. 
Dom. Car. II, c, p. <Jj6). Her mother was reputed to have sold 
her as a girl to the Duke of York and Henry Jermyn (^Queries and 
Answers from Garraways Coffee House). She married Aubrey de 
Vere, 20th and last Earl of Oxford, and her subsequent relations 
with Henry Sidney, Earl of Romney, seem to be reflected in the 
spitefiil references of his mistress Grace Worthley about \6%i to 
' Mr Kirks bastards ' and ' the common Countess of Oxford and her 

adulterous 



INTRODUCTION xxxiii 

adulterous bastards' (R. W. Blencowe, Diary of Henry Sidney, I. 
xxxiii). I suspect her to have been the ' Mra Diana ' who had the 
entree to Sir Edward Montagu's house in Westminster, and with whom 
Pepys had an amorous encounter in September, 1660 (^I>iary,i. 13^). 
If so, although she is called ' daughter ' to ' M^s Kirk ' in Qiteriet and 
Answers, she is more likely to have been her step-daughter. She was 
buried in Westminster Abbey on 1 6th April, 17 19 (Chester, 29?). 
Mary Kirke, the younger^ was identified by Horace Walpole in mistake 
with the Miss Warmestry of Grammont's Memoirs (ed. Goodwin, i. 
24—9 ; I Notes and Queries, viii. 461). She was maid of honour to 
the Duchess of York in 1674. Her portrait was painted by Sir 
Peter Lely. Amongst her lovers were the Duke of Monmouth, Lord 
Mulgrave, and Lord Mordaunt {^tland MSS. ii. 27 ; Egmont MSS. 
ii. 51). In or after 1676 she married Sir Thomas Vernon of Hodnet 
in Shropshire, who left her ill-provided for in 1^83. She died at 
Greenwich in 171 1. She also may have been a daughter either of 
George Kirke's first wife or of his second ; her age rather suggests 
the latter. It seems hardly worth while to trace the Kirkes any 
further. I, for one, have had enough of them. 

It is perhaps a little surprising, in view of Lord Pembroke's de-^ 
scription of Townshend as a professional poet in 1^42, that, with the 
exception of the two Masks, no play or volume of poems should, so fiir 
as we know, have come from his pen. Even in the innumerable 
manuscript anthologies, or commonplace books, as they are somewhat 
inaccurately called, of the seventeenth century, his verse s show but 
rarely beside Donne's or Carew's . Out of the immense store of such 
volumes in the British Museum and the Bodleian, only ten (5. M. 
Harl. 3991, ^918, ^ddl. 11811, 21433, 25303, 25707, 29386, 
ig^^6 ; Bodl. ^shm. 36, Malone 13), together with one at Dublin 
(r. C. D. 877, formerly G. 2. 21) and one in an Oxford College 
{Worcester, 58), have contributed to the present collection. Of these 

e the 



xxxiv INTRODUCTION 

the most interesting is the Malom MS., since three of the four poems 
which it contains are unique copies. This manuscript is also a valuable 
source for the poems of Sidney Godolphin. I have a suspicion that 
one at least of its anonymous contents, a piece of thirty-two lines 
beginning — 

Thou that loued'st once now loue noe more, 
ffor feare to show more loue then brayne ; 

may be Townshend's, but the game of conjectural attribution is so 
dangerous with seventeenth-century verse that I refrain from printing 
it. The single poem by Townshend most commonly found is that 
addressed to Lady Salisbury (No. ii). In ^jz^his and another of 
Townshend's poems (Non^_2)_ were printed with musical settings by 
William Webb and Henry Lawes respectively, but without the author's 
name, in John Playford's Select MttskaU ^yres and Dialogues. In i^Jj 
and I (Jf J the same music-publisher issued the first two books of a series 
of ^yres and Dialogues by Henry Lawes. The words to four pieces in 
the first book and three in the second are by Townshend and are duly 
ascribed to him. Five of the songs used by Playford also appeared 
during i^jy in a printed anthology, John Cotgrave's Wiis interpreter, 
anonymously, and in some cases at least from texts other than 
Playford's. One of them, a Bacchanalian ditty (No. v), made its 
way into various drolleries and songbooks of the latter half of the 
seventeenth century, and in these other pieces of Townshend's are 
also occasionally found. Thereafter Townshend passed for a couple of 
centuries into an oblivion which the reprinting of two of his songs 
from Playford's volumes in the Anecdotes of Literature (1812) of 
William Beloe can hardly be said to have broken. He did not, 
however, escape the research of that fine student of lyric excellence, 
my friend Mr. A. H. Bullen, who disinterred the lines to Lady May 
(No. x) and printed them in his Sfeculum ^mantis of 1889. It is to 

Mr. 



INTRODUCTION xxxv 

» 

Mr. Bullen that I owe my own interest in Townshend, which led me 
about 1893, if my memoiy serves me, to copy out the poems in the 
Malone MS. with a view to the edition which I have at last succeeded 
in completing. In the meantime others have played with the idea 
of an edition; notably the late Dr. Grosart, who came across the 
7". CD. manuscript, and included an imperfect list of Townshend's 
poems in some privately printed proposals for a volume oi Literary Finds 
which he issued in 1894, and in a subsequent article in Englische 
Studien for 1899. 

In conclusion, I desire to express my thanks for help and en- 
couragement to Mr. Bullen himself, to Lady Holroyd, to Mrs. R. B. 
Townshend, to Mr. C. W. Townshend of Trevallyn, to Professor 
H. J. Allen, to Principal W. H. Hadow ; and particularly to the 
Marquis of Salisbury, who gave me leave to transcribe and print 
Townshend's letters from the Ha-tfield MSS., and to his Lordship's 
courteous librarian^ Mr. R. T. Gnnton. 

E. K. C. 

Gerrard's Cross, Bucks. 
10th March, 1911. 



APPENDIX 



XXXVl 



INTRODUCTION 



APPENDIX A 

THE FAMILY OF AURELIAN TOWNSHEND 

sir Roger Townshend 



I 
I. John 

I 
Richard 



3. George 
John =p Anne Caclin 



I I 

z. sir Robert 4.. Giles 

Sir Henry 



Sir Roger William -j- Anne -j- Aurelian 

I Agborough Wythies 

Sir John Sir Robert Agborough, 

I alias Townshena 
Sir Roger 



I 



Franceline =p Edmund 
Neville 



T. 



Franceline ^ Heywood 
Neville 



I I I I 

Anne = George = Mary George James Herbert Frances 
KilHgrew Kirke 

Charles Percy Philip Charles Diana =: Aubrey de Vere, Mary = Sir Thomas 

Earl of Oxford Vernon 



NOTES 



l_From Harl. MS. 47 $6, f. 37^, of c. 1624, mith 
later interlineatitms~\ 

George Townesend .... daugh) 
of Dereham Abbye ::p to 
in Com. norffolke 
3^'^ Sonne to y 
Roger 



John Townsend of 
Dereham Abbye in 
norffolke esquier 
Sonne and heire 



Francalina Town) 
daughter and Sole 
heire ma? to 



Ann (Elii.) daiJ 
CO (Rich) Caclyne 
Lord Chiefe Justices 
of England 



Edmond Erie of 
Wescmerland 



Francalina Neuell 



[From Bodl. Rami. M.S. B. 4-22,/. loj] 

Georgius Townesend de Dere- =7= 
ham Abbey in Com. Norfit 
gent. 



Elizabeth filia Rici 
Catlyn capittis Justrc? 
de Banco ^ 



Jofies Townesend de 
Dereham Abbey pr* 
dca 



Francalina filia B heres 
vxis Edi Nevill ar dci 
Comitis Westm?land 

Francalina Nevill. 

APPENDIX 



APPENDIX B 

DOCUMENTS OF AURELIAN TOWNSHEND'S TRAVELS 
DURING 1600-1^0? 



[1600, April I. Entry in Account of the Treasurer of the Chamber {Fife Ojjice 
Declared Accounts, Roll 5^3, m. _y7^)3 

To Aurelianus Townesend vppon a wanaunt signed by Mi' Secretary 
dated at the courte at Richmond primo die Aprilis 16^00 for his charges 
and paynes being sente with letters for her Ma*''' seruice to Sr Henry 
Nevill knighte her highnes AmbassadS resident with the fFrenche 
kinge xiij'i vjs viij<l. 

II 

[ft. d. (April 1600} Sir Robert Cecil to Sir Henry Neville (Ralph Winwood, 
Memorials, i. 167)] 

. . . Having now imparted unto you as much as the present tyme 
afFordethj I must conclude my letter with a request. This bearer is 
a young gentleman, whose name is Townshend ; he hath bin well 
breddj and by his owne Industrie attayned to a good superficiall 
knowledge in the French and Italian tongues, and would be able 
with a little exercise to write faire hands. My end is (at his returne) 
to haue him attend upon my boye, in which respect I can be content 
to be at some moderate charge with him. Now Sir I shall take 
it for a very great favour, if you will please to cause some of 
your people to place him in ia chamhre garnie in Paris, and to agree 
for all charges incident. For I know by experience, that if those 
yong men that goe over were severed from companie of English, 
that their language would increase in much shorter tyme : and I am 
purposed he shall not stay longe, and doe desire his tongue may be 
pure. To this I must adde only this request, that you would be pleased 
(even for my poore boyes sake your wive's cosen) that Mr Wynwood^ 
or some of yours may hearken whether he use any riottous life or 

disorder. 



xxxviii INTRODUCTION 

disorder, and certifie me, to the intent that I may gesse whether he 
be fitt to be neere my sonne : And further, that you will direct him to 
resort to the exercises of the reformed religion, and that you will be 
pleased to give him leave to repaire to your godly exercises ; but in 
no sort to be conversant in your house, because it is full of English. 
When you have done me these frendly offices, (to trouble yourself 
for my sake) I pray you certifie me how the state of the charges stands, 
and I will pay it here to whom you will assigne : A course which 
I think meeter to be used, than to have left him to make his own 
provision for any of those things. And because I meane to proportion 
the charge he shall put me to, I desire to heare from you before 
I assigne him any other receipts, especially for uncertaine expences, 
both because it may be a motive to lavish spending, and because my 
meaning is (though he be a gentleman born) to have him fashioned 
in his disposition to do my sonne service. Only I doe desire that your 
stuard or secretary may give him such mony from time to time, for 
apparell and other necessaries, as you shall think fitt; which I will 
see discharged, though not with ten in the hundred, yet with the 
interest of many thanks. . . 

Ill 

[1600, April 19. Sir Robert Cecil to Sir Henry Neville (Ralph Winwood, 
JAemoriah, i. 171)] 

... I have now receaved two especiall packetts lately from you, 
(since I wrote unto you by young Towneshend). . . . 



IV 

[iSoo, April 24.. Sir Henry Neville to Sir Robert Cecil (Ralph Winwood, 
Memoriais, i. 175)] 

I receaved more then 8 daies since your Honor's letter by Mr 
Townshend, which I have difFerred to answeare hitherto for want of 
a messenger. And this being the first opportunity offred, I would 
not omitt it ; but was willing to let your Honor understand, that 
I have placed Mr. Townshend in a minister's house, where I am sure 
he shall be very well used, and have many helpes both for the language 

and 



APPENDIX B xxxix 

and any other studye he affects ; which he could not have elsewhere. 
The charge of his lodging and dyett will be ten Crownes a moneth, 
which I will see disbursed from time to time as it shall be due, and 
likewise furnish him for his other wants as your Honor requireth. 
I will be carefull allso to looke into his conversation, so to make some 
judgment of him whether he be fitt for that imployment that your 
Honor designes him for, which I know to be of great regard and 
importance unto you. . . . 



[i6oi, January 12. Aurelian Townshend to Sir Robert Cecil [Cecil Papers, Ixxxiv. 
6s ; abstracted In Calendar of Hatfield M.SS, xi. 2.) ; possibly not holograph] 

Monsieur 

Par vostre commendement ie suis adverty de vostre plaisir : Et 
puis que i ay adressc ma responce a celuy qui m'a envoye I'advertice- 
ment de vostre bouche, il me reste seulement de me rapporter bien 
humbleme* a vous Monsieur de ce que i ay bien, ou mal faict. Et si 
vous trouvez que par imprudence i ay oultrepasse les bornes de 
la raison en ma despence, ie ne m'en sjaurois nullement excuse r, 
veu que mon insuffisance tesmoigne contre moy que ie n'ay rien 
meritc. Mais si au contraire (pensent au desir que i ay de vous obeir, 
et servir) vous n'estimez pas la faulte si grande, qu'elle ne puisse estre 
ensevelie en vostre bonte ie vous supplie aussi tres humbleme* de 
croire que ie n'ay sjeu fournir a ce que i ay entreprins, a moindre 
frais. Neantmoins si i ay tellement employe ma peine, que quelque 
fruict en revient Je ne perdrey iamais tant Li resouvenance que i ay de 
mon devoir, que ie ne vous la presente en sa saison comme a celuy 
qui en a este la cause efficiente. Et si il vous plaire (^appres que ie suis 
desengage) de me retirer pour vous servir de moy, ou de m'envoyer 
quelque part, d'ou ie pourey revenir plus propre a vostre service, mes 
desirs seront tousiours accomplis en vos commendements. N'ayant 
autre but que de vous estre 
Monsieur 

Tres humble et tresobeissant serviteur 

Aurelianus Tounshend 
A Paris Ie iz de Janvier i6qi. 



xl INTRODUCTION 

[^ddressei] A Monsieur 

Monsieur Cicile Chevalier Conceiller au grand Conceil de la Royne 
d'Engleterre et Secretaire de ses commendements 

A Londres. 
[Endorsed^ 1600 ii Jan: yo'^ HonM servant Aurelian' Tounsend. 

From Paris. 

VI 

[1601, April z8. Aurelian Townshend to Sir Robert Cecil (Cecil Papers, Ixxxv. 

163; Calendar, -xi. 180); apparently holograph] 
Monsieur 

Vos commendements m'ont tousionrs este des arrests ausquels j'ay 
voulu obeir, mais le dernier m'est si agreable que ie vous en eusse 
sans doubte supplie n'eust este que ie craignois de vous rendre Ie 
fruict de mes peines trop cher, par une despence nouuelle : mais 
puis qu'il vous a pleii de me commender chose si conuenable a mes 
desirs, ie vous ay voulu auertir, Monsieur, que i entreprendrey le voiage 
d'ltalie tant plus volontiers, que ie pense en retourner plus propre 
a vous seruir. Dont i' espere que vous n'en doubtes nullement, veu 
que mon bien, aussi bien que mon deuoir y est attache. Et en cecy 
ie me console que ie vous suis entre les mains ouconques que ie serei, 
qui ne faillirez de donner ordre (celon vostre bonte et prudence 
accoustum^e) pour les choses que vous sjaurez m'estre necessaires, 
et dont ie m'en rapporte dn tout a vostre discretion, estant bien 
esloigne dn desir des choses superflues. Vous baisant donques tres- 
humblement les mains, i attendrey vostre plaisir par les prochaines 
lettres, et vous suis cependent, et cerey tousiours, et a iamais 
Monsieur 

Tres humble et tresobeissant seruiteur 
Aurelianus Tounshend 
A Paris le 28 d'Auril 1601. 

[Sealed, and ^ddressed^ A Monsieur 

Monsieur Cicile Cheualier Conseillier au grand Conseil de la Roine 
d'Angleterre et Secretaire de ses commendements. 
A Londres. 

[Endorsed] 28 Aprill 1601. Aurelianus Townshend to my Mr. 

VII 



APPENDIX B xli 



VII 

[1601, July 4. Aurelian Townshend to Sir Robert Cecil [Cecil Papers, Ixxxvi. 137 ; 
omitted from Calendar) ; apparently holograph] 

Illus™o et Eccell™" Signer mio 

Dopo ch' il fallo del Clanss°i° il S^ Bembo lo fece spettacolo 
d' insolita vergogna a sui pari, non ho sentito altra noua che quella 
della memoiia sua, laquale lo 6 restate tale, che quelli che lo erano 
piu stretti amici hora piu bramano ch' il suo nome sia estinto con la 
vita sua ; ma non ci 6 trombetta, pari a quella della Fama, percioche 
I'echo suo risona nella lingua d'ogniuno, et a gli Medici solo e concesso 
ch' il sole illustra i loro successi e che la terra nasconda gli errori sui, 
comme dice Nicocles; pero non bisogna fidarsi della Fortuna ne 
d' altra qualsiuoglia cosa che il douere inquanto alia Fama. Basta che, 
si per mezzo di traditori tutti gli dissegni ch' haueua questo anno per 
il mondo il Re di Spagna lo fossero riusciti, andaua a risico di farsi 
Monarca ; ma essendone impedito dalla S.V. Illus"*' et i pari suoi, 
non ha potuto stringer quello che a abbracciato, et noi altri godemmo 
della soUta dolce pace, non essendo soggetti ad altra seruitu che la 
desiderata, laquale mi sara tanto piu agradeuole quanto piu longa. 
Et suppUco la S.V. Eccell°>'>' che mi habbia per escusato, se il mio 
parlar non e Toscano e pollito, perche qnello non e il proprio di 
questo luogo J credo che a Vinegia per altre cose sono : donde baciando 
humillissimamente la mano alia S.V. Eccellm^' la prego ogni grandezza 
desiderata, et somma felicita. 

Della S.V. Illustrissima 
Di Vinegia il 4. Humilissimo et diuotissimo seruitor 

di Luglio I (Jo I Aureliano Tounshend. 

[.^rddressed] Al Illusmo et Eccell«>o Signor mio il St Roberto 
Cicil Secretario principale et Consellere nel gran Consillo della 
Regina d' Ingilterra. 

[Endorsed] 4 Julij 1601. Yo^ Ho^a seruant Mr Aurelianus 
Townesend from Venyce. 

f VIII 



xlii INTRODUCTION 



VIII 

[1601, July a;. Aurelian Townshend to Sir Robert Cecil [Cecil Facers, Ixxxvii. 
13 ; Calendar, xi. 289) ; apparently holograph] 

Illus"io et Eccell™" So"^ mio 
Poi che gli infiniti fauori de'i quali mi va ogni giorno di piu in piu 
obligando V.S. paiono figliuoli ligitimi della Hberallita vostra, pin 
tosto che pretnii del poco merrito mio, non posso dir altro che quello 
che mi 6 parso altiavolta probabile, mi € hora dimostiatiuo, et che 
medesimo nelle cose picole la S.V. vuole mostrarsi grande : piacesse 
a Dio che con I'efFetto io potessi conseguire l^nima mia bramosa 
di seruir la : ma sforsandomi al possibile, io ho scritto alia S.V. 
Eccell™^ quanto piimo ho possato per vn Mercante Inglese, che mi 
promesse che la mia lettera non haurebbe reccappito che le mani di 
V.S. Illus™°5 o di qualche suo seruitor di casa. M4 io vorrei che la 
tardansa di quel Mercadante, oueio la dilligensa di questo messo vi 
facesse receuer quest' ultima inansi che quella prima vi fosse giunta ; 
perche in quello ho fatto il fallo, et in questa la scusa. Supplico dun- 
que humillissimamente la S.V. che non creda che per ignoranza io 
habbi preso il nome del lUus™*' Bembo per quello del Clariss™" 
Iseppo Donnati, ma che per inauertenza io habbi fatto commune la 
punitione, a chi era solamente commune il peccato : sappia dunque 
V.S. ch'il Bembo c scampato, et il Donnati piccato a S. Marco : et 
ancora che peccar in vna minima cosa sia peccato piu grande che 
d' hauer fallito in vna magiore, perche le cose piu volgare da ognivno 
debbono esser sapute piutosto per schiuar vergogna, che per acquistar 
lode, nondimeno credendo che la S.V. Illus"!" ne sia stata auertita 
molto inanzi la mia et da bocca piu meriteuole, io spero che la mia 
incorretta sara corretta, non che scusata, del giuditio et somma 
benignita sua. Le nouelle d* adesso sono in parte del Basha che com- 
mandaua per il gran Turco in Argier,il quale volendo venir in Turchia 
per la sua moghe Christiana e stato tradito a gli Napolitani et adesso 
e a Napoli ; in parte del saccheggiamento di BafFa, Citta principale 
in Cipria, et dicono che gli Spagnoli et Napolitani hanno portato via 
cinque millioni d'oro questo doppo vn mese in qua. Adesso il Re di 
Spagna ha indubitatamente sopr' il mare vn armata di cento naui et 

gallere 



APPENDIX B xliii 

gallere per il meno et non e saputo da nissuno onde vanno, infuoia al 
Papa, a se stesso, et al Principe d'Aria, gouernator di Napoli, et il 
Daca di Parma che vi sono gennerali j dicono ancora alcuni che lo sa 
il gouernator di Millano il Conte di Fuentes ; alteri non lo sanno, ma il 
suo dissegno e di molti sospettato et temuto sia qualsinoglia. La peste 
6 adesso grandissima a Constantinapoli ; si dice che vi muorono due 
milla per giomo. Per vltima et vera noua i' ho visto il fiiogo dentro 
I'Arsenal di Venegia che vi e stato posto per vn certo Italiano il 24 
di questo mese, che mentre che ogniuno era in piazza per veder due 
Sassi in berlina tiro per tre o quatro volte vn pistoletto carricato di 
fiiogo artifisiale dentro al solfo, et vi accese vn fiiogo grandissimo, 
che non fii estinto infin alia matina seguente alle 10 hore non senza 
spese et danno del publico, perche con il solfo vi fu arso parte d'vna 
gallera et altre cose che ancora non si sanno. Lui che I'ha fatto e 
prigione. Altro non ho da scriuer a V.S. lUus^o^ solamente la supplico 
che se le altre noue sono altro che vere, che lo creda error del volgo ; 
per questa lo tengo io certissima per hauerla vista. Cossi baciando 
humilissimamente la mano a V.S. la prego ogni felicita. 

Delia S.V. Illusma 
Di Vinegia il 17 Humill^o et diuotiss™o Seruitor 

di LugUo 160J. Aureliano Tounshend. 

[addressed] Al Illus™» et Eccellmo S°^ mio il Signor Roberto 
Cicil Secretario et Consilliore al gran Consillio della Ser'ssima 
Regina d' Ingilterr^. 

[Endorsed^ 27 July I ^01. Aurelianus Towneshend to my Mr 



from Venice. 



IX 



[1602, Tune ^'j. Aurelian Townshend co Sir Robert Cecil {Cecil Papers, xciii. 

iio; Calendar, xii. 19 f) ; possibly not holograph] 

Illusmo et Eccellmo Sigi'e mio 

Se quando io presi quelli vltimi 200 scudi io mi fossi inuiato alia 

volta d' Inghilterra non vi saria hora caggione di nuoua spesa, ne 

percio haueria paura d' esserne in bando della vostra gratia. Ma per 

non hauere alhora passato Venetia mi parse di non essere ancora 

stato 



xliv INTRODUCTION 

stato in Italia, pero vago di sapere, et della vista di cose nuove riuolsi 
il pensiero al viaggio di queste bande ; et a Bologna (volendo andar 
a Fiorenza) io mi imbattei nella compagnia di quel Dottore Thornil 
Inglese Canonnico di Vicenza (del quale io ne ho digia fatto 
auertita la S.V. Ills"'* per le mie lettere sciitte alle 9 di Maggio) et 
essendoci incaminati insieme a Fiorenza, egli mi scoperse quanto io 
scrissi ultimamente alia S.V. Eccell™* et hauendo pratticato con esso 
lui d'indi in qua ho per certo che se la S.V. lUus™* si degniara di 
abboccarsi seco ne restera di cio sommamente appagato. Egli per 
certi suoi affari ritorno da Fiorenza al suo Canonnicato, et io gli 
feci compagnia : hora egli e partite per Roma et partendo mi promesse 
di darmi reccappito gli con ogni sicurta et di accompagniarmi ancora 
infin a Napoli, per questa caggione ho volto adesso di nuouo zoo 
scudi che mi faranno (con altri che io ho di resto) non solamente 
per questo viaggio, ma per ritornare ancora in Inghilterra; et se per 
le lettere della S.V. Illus™°' mi sara commandato di menarlo meco in 
Inghilterra, egli verra meco volontierissima a questo patto pero che 
la S.V. Eccell™^. ]o riceua nella sua protettione, et gli faccia scudo 
contra quella che vorranno molestarlo. So che la S.V. lUus™* 
mettera presto in non cale i danari, ma forse si marauigliara del mio 
ardire che faccio questo da me senza il suo commandamento; ma come 
non ho paura che mi cappiti alcun male di qua, cossi ho speranza al 
mio ritorno di chiarire la S.V. lUus™* d'ogni sospetto che la potera 
hauere di me che saro in eterno 

Della S.V. Eccell™" Humilisi^o et diuotis™" seniitore 
di Venetia alii 13 Aureliano Tounshend. 

di Giunio i6oz. 

[Sealed, and addressed'] Alio Illus™o et Eccellmo Monsigre il Sig^e 
Roberto Cicill Secretario principale et Consigliero della Serenis- 
sima Regina d'Inghilterra. 
A Londra. 

[Endorsed'] ij Junij new stile, 1601. Aurelianus Townshend to 
my M'. 



APPENDIX B xlv 



[i6o2., October 14.. Aurelian Townshend to Sir Robert Cecil {Cecil Papers, xcvi. 
1 1 ; Calendar, xii. 4^4.) ; apparently holograph] 

Illmo et Eccmo Sigra mio 

Ho piu volte auertito la S.V. Ill^a per lettere di Fiorenza, et di 
Sienna, del grauissimo danno che per haaere imprestato due cento 
scudi al Caualiero Antonio Sherley ho riceuuto, et benche il ramarrico 
di quel fatto di continuo mi prema per il mancamento di quelli 
danarij contuttocio piu mi pauenta il peggio, cioe che V.S. 111™* meco 
non s' adiri d' esser stato liberale del suo, liberale dico poi che ho 
voluto arrischiare quelle che non era mio senon inquanto che io sono 
della S.V. humiliss™o senutore. Ma se all' incontra la S.V. lUma 
sapesse in fauor mio con quanto artifizio egli ordiua la trama doue 
finalmente io rimasi inuiluppato, forse non harebbe la S.V. da 
marauigliare se vn giovane pare mio non e stato forte a combattere 
r amore, il rispetto, et le promesse di don Antonio ; Et se il passato mio 
errore non mi fa hora appresso della S.V. indegno di fede, la mi creda 
ceito che se io non I'hauessi creduto, et non Io credessi ancora osser- 
uandissimo in generale dello nostro stato, et in perticulare della S.V., 
I'amore che da poueretto gli ho portato mai non haueria vinto lobbligo 
che da suddito, et da semitore inuiolabilmente porto alia patria, et 
alia S.V. Ill™'\ Questo poco ho preso ardire di scriuere alia S.V. 
Bccma di questa materia infin a tanto che colla prima commodita io 
possa di bocca dir quello a V.S. che a scriuere saria troppo lungo : et in 
questo mentre confidandomi nella sua sollita bonta, so che mi auan- 
zara sempre piu tempo a difFendermi colla verita dalle callunnie ; che 
a qiielli callunniatori che falsamente m' accusaranno non auanzara, 
veduto che non per male ch' io habbia fatto mi vonno persequitare, 
ma per leuarmi 1' appoggio della vostra gratia. Questa lettera vi sara 
arreccata alle mani per ordine di Giouanni Browne Mercante Inglese 
a Fiorenza, che ad instanza dVn gintilhuomo addomandato il Sig'e 
Basiho Brooke (osseruandissimo della S.V. Ill™") m' ha imprestato 
cento scudi, obligandosi pero il detto Sig^e Brooke, occorrendo che 
la S.V. non accettasse le mie lettere, di pagarle del suo. Questa 
somma di danari mi ha spesato per la Toscana, per la romagnia, et 
per assai altre parti della Italia, infin adesso che sono ritornato a 

Venetia, 



xlvi INTRODUCTION 

Venetia, doue se fosse stato possibile d' hauer riscosso il mio, io harrei 
ripagato questi loo scudi, et col resto inuiatomi alia volta del- 
ringhilterra senza altro. Ma essendo che Don Antonio ha sempre 
speranze maggiori che la raggione dello stato suo non comporta, sono 
sforzato ricorrere dalla S.V., hauendo promesso al detto SigJ's Brooke 
di ripagarlo questi quatrini, o veramente di fame auertita la S.V. 
Illma. Doppo il mio arrivo qui a Venetia ho visto ordine della S.V. 
Ecc™* che non mi imprestasse piu danari, ilquale se io hauessi vn poco 
prima inteso a Fiorenza, non harria intrigato questo gintilhuomo, 
et manco tiapassato il termine impostomi dalla S.V. 111™*. Quanto 
prima potr6 trouare commodita di venire in Inghilterra senza piu in- 
teressare la S.V. Ill™», verr6 per mostrarla che non c6 nissuno che sia, 
ne sara mai piu 

Delia S.V. Eccellma 

Humiliss"io et diuotiss™" seruitore di 
Aureliano Tounshend. 
di Venetia alii 24 di Ottobre i6oz. 

[addressed] All J\l'^° et Ecc^o Sigi^e mio et Patrone oss^o il Sigi^e 
Roberto Cicill Secretario et Consiglire della Sere™* Regina 
d'Inghilterra. 

A Londra. 

[^Endorsed] 24 Octobr: l6oz. 

M^ Aurelianus Towneshend to my M' 

from Venice with a byll of Exchange of i/H wot my mr refused 
to accept. 



[1603, February 7. Aurelian Townshend to Sir Robert Cecil (Cecil Papers, xci. 
106; Calendar, xii. 621); apparently holograph] 

Monsieur 

Ayant prins la hardiesse de vous escrire dernierement de Venize^ 
ie me suis le plus tost que i'ay poeu enchemine appres mes lettres, 
et n'estoit que mes intensions pour honestes qu'elles soient sortisent 
tousiours malheureuse fin, ma lengue auroit deia faict le deuoir de 
ma plume vous ofFrant mon trez humble seruice ; Mais la haste qui 
m'a pouse par les froidures, et les autres incommodites de la saison, 

pour 



APPENDIX B xlvii 

pour vous baiser les mains m'en a neantraoins iusques icy retarde, 
faisant silourdement hurter mon cheual centre vn mulct charge, qu'en 
ceste rencontre ie me suis demis une iembe par la cheuille, dont i'en 
ay longuement este mallade a Strosburg, d'ou prenent mon chemin 
deuers Nency, ie m'en ay encores si mal trouue que i'y ay nonseule- 
ment despendu ce teste d'argent que i'avois, mais y suis encores 
demeure pour trente escas, qui ont este paiez pour moy par un gentil- 
home de Madame la soeur du Roy, qui m'a mene a Paris, ou pour sa 
satisfaction i ay eu recours a Monsi" du Moulin qui m'en a oblige ; or 
n'ayant icy a qui m'addresser il faut que i'y demeure attendent vostre 
plaisir, lequel ne me s^auroit estre moins fauourable, que par cy 
deuant, n'ayant onques este cause d'aucun mien merite, mais pre- 
cedent tousiours de vostre singuliere bonte, et benignite, Et quant a 
mes demerites, ie m'assure qu'ils ne m'accuseroient pas tant devant 
vous si vous en eussiez este aussi bien tesmoing, come vous en estes 
juge tantseulemeiit. J'espere que mes fiiturs comportements vous 
esclairciront mieux Ie passe, ou pour Ie moins vous fairont paroistre 
que mon coeur n'a iamais flechy de son deuoir vous demeurant 
tousiours 

Monsieur 

Tres humble et tres obbeissant seruiteur 

Aurelianus Tounshend. 
De Paris Ie 7 de Fevrier itfoj. 

l^^ddresseci] A Monsieur 

Monsieur Cicille Conseillier et Secretaire d'Estat a la Royne 
d'Angleterre 
A Londres. 
\_Endorsed] 7 Februarij 1601. 
Aurelianus Townshend to my M^' from Paris. 



[1603, April 27. Entry in Account of the Treasurer of the Chamber {Fife Office 
Declared Mcmnti, Roll J4.3, m. 9+')] 

Aurelianus Townsende vppon a warraunte signed by M"^ Secretarie 
dated at Whitehall xxvijmo die Aprilis 1603 for his chardges & paines 
in bringing l^s for his matP servyce from Parys in Fraunce x''. 



Poems 
from Songbooks. 



I. 

LEt not thy beauty make thee proud 
/Though P rinces do adore thee, 
Since time & ficknes were alow'd 
To mow fuch flowers before thee. 

Nor be not my to that degree, 

Thy friends may hardly know thee. 

Nor yet fo comming or fo free, 
That every fly may blow thee. 

A fliate in every Princely brow, 

As decent is requir'd, 
Much more in thine, to whom they bow 

By Beauties lightnings fir'd. 

And yet a ftate fo fweetly mixt 

With an attractive mildnefle. 
It may like Vertue fit betwixt 

The extreams of pride and vilenefle. 

Then every eye that fees thy face 

Will in thy Beauty glory, 
And every tongue that wags will grace 

Thy vertue with a story. 

II. 

3 



11. 

To THE COUNTESSE OF SALISBURY. 

VIdorious beauty, though your eyes 
Are able to fubdue an hoaft, 
And therefore are unlike to boaft 
The taking of a little prize. 
Do not a fingle heart difpile. 

It came alone, but yet fo arm'd 

With former love, I durft have fworne 
That where a privy coat was worne. 
With charad:ers of beauty charm'd. 
Thereby it might have fcapt unharm'd. 

But neither fteele nor ftony breatt 

Are proofe againft thofe lookes of thine, 
Nor can a Beauty lefle divine 
Of any heart be long pofleft. 
Where thou pretend'ft an intereft. 

Thy Conqueft in regard of me 
Alafle is fmall, but in refpedt 
Of her that did my Love protect, 

Were it divulged, deferv'd to be 

Recorded for a Victory. 

And 



And fuch a one, as fome that view 
Her lovely face perhaps may fay, 
Though you have ftolen my heart away, 
If all your fervants prove not true, 
May fteale a heart or two from you. 



III. 

Youth and Beauty. 

THou art fo fair, and yong withall. 
Thou kindl'ft yong delires in me, 
Reftoreing life to leaves that fall. 
And fight to Eyes that hardly fee 
Halfe thofe frefh Beauties bloom in thee. 

Thole, under fev'rall Hearbs and Flowr's 
DilguiPd, were all Medea gave. 

When flie recal'd Times flying howrs. 
And aged MJon from his grave. 
For Beauty can both kill and lave. 

Youth it enflames, but age it cheers, 
I would go back, but not return 

To twenty but to twice thofe yeers j 
Not blaze, but ever conftant burn, 
For fear my Cradle prove my Urn. 

IV. 



IV. 
A Dialogue betwixt Time and a 

PiLGRIME. 

Tyllgr. Aged man, that mowes thefe fields. . 
^Time. Pilgrime fpeak, what is thy will ? 
Pilgr. Whofe foile is this that fuch fweet 
Pafture yields ? 
Or who art thou whofe Foot ftand 
never ftill ? 
Or where am I ? Time. In love. 
Tilgr. His Lordfhip lies above. 
Time. Yes and below, and round about 

Where in all forts of flow'rs are 
growing 
Which as the early Spring puts out. 
Time fals as faft a mowing. 
Pilgr. If thou art Time, thefe Flow'rs have 
Lives, 
And then I fear. 
Under fome Lilly fhe I love 
May now be growing there. 
Time. And in fome Thiftle or fome Ipyre of 
gralTe, 
My lyth thy ftalk before hers come may 
pafle. 

Pilgr. 

6 



?ilgr. Wilt thou provide it may. Time. No. 

'Pil^. Alleage the caufe. 
Time. Becaufe Time cannot alter but obey Fates 

laws. 
Cho. Then happy thofe whom Fate, that is the 

ftronger, 
Together twitts their threads, & yet draws 

hers the longer. 



A Bacchanall. 

Ty^cchus, I-acchus^ fill our Brains 
-'-'As well as Bowls with fprightly ftrains : 
Let Souldiers fight for pay or praife, 

And mony be the Mifers wifti, 
Poor Schollers ftudy all their dayes, 
And Gluttons glory in their difti : 

'Tis wine, pure wine, revives fad fouls, 
Therefore give us the cheer in Bowls. 
Bacchus, I-acchus, &c. 

Bacchus, I-acchus, &c. 

Let Minions Marfhall ev'ry hair, 

Or in a Lovers lock delight. 
And Artificiall colours wear. 
We have the Native Red and White : 
'Tis Wine, pure Wine, &c. 

Bacchus 



Bacchus^ I-acchusy &c. 

Take Phefant Poults, and calved Sammon, 

Or how to pleafe your pallats think, 
Give us a fait Welt-phalia Gammon, 

Not meat to eat, but meat to drink : 
'Tis Wine, pure Wine, &c. 

Bacchus^ I-acchus^ &c. 

Some have the Ptifick, fome the Rhume, 

Some have the Palfie, fome the Gout, 
Some fwell with fat, and fome confume, 

But they are found that drink all out : 
'Tis Wine, pure Wine, &c. 

Bacchus, I-acchus^ &c. 

The backward fpirit it makes brave, 

That forward which before was dull j 
Thofe grow good fellows that were grave, 

And kindnefs flows from cups brim full : 
'Tis Wine, pure Wine, &c. 

Bacchus^ I-acchusy &c. 

Some men wantYouth,and fome want health, 

Some want a Wife and fome a Punke, 
Some men want wit, and fome want wealth, 
But they want nothing that are drunke : 
'Tis Wine, pure Wine, &c. 

VI. 



VI. 
In praise of his Mistress. 

THou Shepheard, whofe intentive eye 
On ev'ry Lamb is fuch a Ipy, 
No wily Fox can make them lefle, 
Where may I find my Shepheardefs ? 

A little paufing then layd hee, 

How can that Jewell ftray from thee r 

In Summers heat, in Winters cold, 

I thought thy breft had been her fold ? 

That is indeed the conftant place 
Wherein my thoughts llill fee her face, 
And print her Image in my heart, 
But yet my fond eyes crave a part. 

With that he fmiling fayd, I might 
OF Chloris partly have a fight, 
And fome of her perfedlions meet 
In ev'ry flow'r was frefti and fweet. 



The 



The growing Lilly bears her fkin, 

The Violet her blew veins within, 

The blufhing Role, new blown and fpread. 

Her fweeter cheek, her lips, the red. 

The Winds that wanton with the Spring 
Such Odours as her breathing bring. 
But the refemblance of her eyes 
Was never found beneath the Ikies. 

Her charming voyce who ftrives to hit, 
His Object muft be higher yet ; 
For Heav'n and Earth, and all we fee 
Difperfed, collected, is but Ihee. 

Amaz'd at this difcourfe, me thought 
Love both Ambition in me wrought. 
And made me covet to engrofle 
A Wealth would prove a Publick lofle. 

With that I ligh'd afhamed to fee 
Such worth in her, fuch want in mee j 
And doling both mine eyes, forbid 
The World my light lince Ihe was hid. 



VII 

lO 



VII. 

Sufferance. 

DElicate Beauty, why ftiould you difdaine 
With pity at leaft to leflen my pain ? 
Yet if you purpofe to render no caufe, 
Will and not Reafon is Judge of thofe Lawes. 

Suffer in filence I can with delight 
Courting your Anger to live in your fight, 
Inwardly "i^^^iIH} and like my difeafe, 
Alwaies provided my fufferance pleafe. 

Take all my comforts in prelent away. 

Let all but the hope of your favour decay. 

Rich in reverfion He live as content. 

As he to whom Fortune her fore lock hath lent. 



VIII. 

TI 



Vlll. 

WHen we were parted, 
Though but for a while, 
From my brelt ftarted 
A poft ev'ry mile : 

But I feare, none were dired:ed 
From your bofome to me ; 

For a beauty fo afFed:ed 

Looks for Love cuftome free. 

Tis then no marveill 
My ftate fhould decay, 

Brought to be fervil 
And kept from my pay. 

But ingratefull to the giver. 
Know the Sea as your King 

Can as well exhauft a river, 
As you fuck up a fpring. 

And though triumphing 
You rowle to the Main, 

Small ftreames are fomething 
And part of your train. 

Ufe me gently then that follow. 
Made by cuftome fo tame, 

I am filent whileft you fwallow 
Both my tears, and my name. 

12 



TX. 



IX. 
On his hearing her Majesty sing. 

I Have beene in Heav'n, I thinke, a 
For I heard an Angell ling, 
Notes my thirfty ears did drinke. 
Never any earthly thing 
Sung fb true, fo fweet, to cleere j 
I was then in Heav'n, not heere. 

But the blefled feele no change, 
So I may miftake the place, 
But mine eyes would think it ftrange, 
Should that be no Angels face j 
Pow'rs above, it feems, defigne 
Me ftill Mortall, her Divine. 

Till I tread the Milky way, 
And I lofe my fences quite, 
All I wifh is that I may 
Hear that voice, and fee that fight. 
Then in types and outward Ihow 
I fhall have a Heav'n below 



13 



Poems 
from Manuscripts. 



If 



X. 

To THE Lady May. 

YOur fmiles are not, as other womens bee, 
Only the drawing of the mouth awrye ; 
For breafts and cheekes and fforeheadwee may fee, 

Parts wanting motion, all ftand fmiling by. 
Heaven hath noe mouth, and yet is fayd to fmile 

After your ftile j 
Noe more hath Earth, yet that fmyles too, 

Juft as you doe. 



Noe lympering lipps nor lookes can breed 
Such imyles as from your fface proceed. 
The funn muft lend his goulden beames. 

Soft windes their breath, green trees their 
fliade, 
Sweete ffields their flowers, cleare fprings their 
Itreams, 
Ere fuch another fmyle bee made. 
But thefe concurring, wee may fay, 
Soe fmiles the fpring, and foe fmyles louely Maye. 

XI. 

D 17 









f^^.-^" XI 






T Hough regions farr devided (v 
And tedious trad:s of tyme, 
By my miffortune guided, 

Make abfence thought a cryme j 
Though wee weare fet a funder 
As fFarr, as Eaft from Weft, 
Loue ftill would worke this wonder, 
Thou fliouldft be in my breaft. 

How flow alafle are paces, 

Compar'd to thoughts that flye 
In moment back to places, 

Whole ages fcarce defcry. 
The body muft have paufes ; 

The mynde requires noe reft ; 
Loue needs no fecond caufes 

To guide thee to my breaft. 

Accept in that poore dwelling. 

But welcome, nothing great. 
With pride noe turretts fwelling. 

But lowly as the feate j 
Wher, though not much delighted, 

In peace thou mayft be bleft, 
Unfeafted yet unfrighted 

By rivalls, in my breaft. 



i8 



But 



But ,this is not the dyett, 

That doeth for glory ftriue j 
Poore beawties feeke in quiet 

To keepe one heart aliue. 
The price of his ambition, 

That lookes for fuch a giieft, 
Is hopelefle of fruition 

To beate an empty breaft. 

See then my laft lamenting. 

Upon a cliffe I'ie fitt, 
Rock Conftancy prefenting, 

Till I grow part of itt j 
My teares a quickfand ffeeding, 

Wher on noe iFoote can reft, 
My fighs a tempeft breeding 

About my ftony breaft. 

Thofe armes, wherin wide open 

Loues fleete was wont to putt. 
Shall layd acrofle betoken 

That havens mouth is fhutt. 
Myne eyes noe light fhall cherifli 

For Ihipps att fea diftreft, 
But darkeling let them perifli 

Or fplitt againft my breaft. 



19 



Yet 



(n^^' Yet if I can difcouer 
^ ^- When thyne before itt rides, 

To ftiew I was thy louer 

Pie fmooth my rugged fides, 
And foe much better meafure 

Afford thee then the reft. 
Thou flialt haue noe difpleafure 
By knocking att my breaft. 



XII. 

20 



XIL 

COme not to me for fcarfs, nor plumes, 
Nor from the needy look for gould j 
Incenfe wee haue, but noe perfumes, 
Nor noe fuch fleece in all our flbld, 
As Jafon Vonn, 
But wooll home fpunn 
To keepe us from the winters cold j 
And when our garments fhould be thinne," 
We leaue the ffleece and take the fkinn ; 



Which heere we neither pinke, nor race, 

Unlefle a bramble or a thorne, 
Deriding of the printers place, 
Supply his offices in fcorne j 

Nor yet much leflS 
Striue to poflefle 
Things that might be as well forborne. 
What wee can Ipare, wee neuer lack ; 
A ftieapheards wardrobe is his back. 

Our 

21 



Our roofes are low, our cabins fmall, 

Our loues, as well as loaues, are browne, 
Yet foe contented there withall, 
Wee feeke noe finer in the towne ; 

iFor thach and mudd 
Sometimes haue ftood, 
When lead and marble weare blowne downe, 
And loue, they fay, as often relts 
In fimnburnt, as in fhowy breafts. 



And by^my fheapheards kalander, 

Tis 'iou^) alone, thou com'ft to feeke, 
And our predictions feldome erre, 
ffor though unftudied in the Greeke 
Or Hebrew tongue, 
Sheapheards haue sung 
Southlayings, which the learned like. 
And I may hitt perhaps on this 
Upon a trueth when dodtors mifle. 



The 

22 



The pulcee of loue beates in our eyes, 

And when that goes as quick as yours, 
Admit the patient feldom dies, 
Experience noe fuch life afliires ; 
fFor as the ftone 
Kills not alone. 
But ffeavers frequently procures. 
Which deaths fadd offices fullfill, [ 

Soe loue muft ceafe, or death will kill. \ 



Take but the country aire a while, 

And if thou wilt defcend foe lowe. 
To pleale thyne eare, wee'll raife our ftile, 
Which foe refind perhaps may grow. 
Thy hearing fence 
Shall not ftirr hence. 
Admit thyne eyes from court doe goe ; 
For euery homely thing we haue^ 
Att leaft in title, fhalbe braue. 



23 



A mountaine toppe Ihalbe thy throne, 
Thy Percian carpetts flowry feildes j 
Thy cooch with green mofle ouer growne, 
As unfhorne veluet, fummer yealds ; 
Thy lamp by night 
The conftant light, 
That glifters, wher the gloworme builds. 
Thy fparver a well tufted tree, 
Ore heaven itfelfe, thy canopy. 



A larke (hall call thee from thy reft, 
And ling thee mattens euery day j 
The nightingall that warbells beft 
Shall vefpers euery evening faye j 

The wife ant preach, 
And bees ftiall teach 
Us, how to rule, and to obaye j 
A crane the watch and ward Ihall keepe, 
And noe lambe bleat, to breake thy sleepe. 



And 
24 



And if a flPeather of Loues winges, 
To flacken and retard his flight, 
The goulden-headed fhaft he brings, 
Impoverifliing his quiver quite, 

The scarfe fame tyes 
About his eyes. 
Thy ftepps may hitherward invite, 
Thou mayfl: from this tyme forth difpofe 
Of him and vs, and each of thofe. 



Thou needes muft thinke, I know full well 

Wher Loue refides, that undertake 
Without the helpe of charme, or fpell, 
Hee fliall foe quick appearance make. 
Yet thinke withall 
His power not fmail, 
That in the plurall number fpake. 
Though likely to be fick and ill, 
Hee is fo apt to make his will. 



But 



2J- 



I 



But as the wifeft forte difpofe 

Of all they haue in perfect health, 
Leaft wayward ficknefle fancy thofe 
That are unworthy of their wealth, 
So paffion free 
Doe I by thee. 
Scorning thou fhouldft come in by Health, 
Or watch my weakenefle or a ffitt 
Of loue. and foe inherite itt. 



Att court new fFafhions are not ftrange, 

But heere wee euer keepe our old j 
There loue (they say) confifts in change, 
Heere, after one, all ours are told. 
,'H, The firft is laft, 

<^.,V,' *^ Becaufe wee cait 

X^"*^ One hand can but another hold; 
But they haue loues, wee underftand, 
fFor euery finger of the hand. 



Brothers 
26 



Brothers and lifters, cofens, freindes, 

And two fcarce parted in the wombe 
At court, for their peculiar ends. 

Hard by Loues cradle build their tombe. 
Heere hee furviues 
Eyther two liues, 
Or els ffills up an empty roome ; 
And after inch a league beginns, 
Though ftrangers borne, wee dye like twinns. 



And after death the lowly mynde 

And humble fpirite rayfed by grace 
A place in glory fooner finde 

Than they who vainely feeke a place. 

Thou mayft foe caught 
Perhapps be brought, 
Though flow at firft, to mend thy pace, 
And caft thy purple roabes away, 
To take a fcripp and flieapheards grey. 



XIH 
27 



XIII. 

Pure Simple Love. 

Hide not thy love and myne flial bee 
Open and free j 
No mafk dooth. well upon thy face. 
Lett thole that meane more hurt provide 

Love of a guide, 
Or of fome clofe retyring place. 
A harmles kille would make us thinck 
Love hath no Nedtar elfe to drinck. 



Our loves are not of age to will 

Both good and ill, 
For thine, alas, is but new borne, 
And myne is yett to yonge to fpeake. 

How can they breake 
Or hold Loves civill Lawes in fkorne ? 
Wee might go naked if fome fpie, 
Apt to traduce us, ftood not by. 

Had 
28 



Had wee been that created paire, 

Eve half fo faire, 
Or Adam lov'd but half fo well, 
The Serpent could have found no charme 

To doe us harme, 
Or had fo much as tyme to tell 
His tale to thee, or I to view 
An apple where fuch cherries grew. 



Yett had hee ledd mee to thy breft. 

That waye was beft 
To have fcdud: mee from thy lipp. 
Thofe apples tempt mee moft ; They bee 

Fruit of that Tree, 
That made our firft forefathers flipp. 
I dare not touch them leaft I dye 
The death thou threatneft with thyne Eye. 

Yett hee that meanes not to tranfgres 

Needes fearr the lefle, 
For what hath Juftice heere to doe 
But with her fkales ? Her fword may lye 

As Ufeles by, 
When fliee comes downe to Judge us twoe ; 
For no perfuations can infed: 
Thyne innocence or my refpedt. 

29 



If all the flings of envy laye 

Strewde in our waye, 
And tongues to tell of all wee did, 
As our affed:ion waxeth old, 

Shall itt growe cold ? 
Loves Elementall fire forbid 
Such froft and fnowe, for paft all doubt, 
If our fparks dye, his fire will out. 

Though thanckfull hands and eyes may prove 

Cyphers of love, 
Yett, till fome figure bee prefixt, 
As oos, by thoufands or alone. 

Stand all for none. 
So, till our lookes and fmiles bee mixt 
With further meaning, they amount 
To nothing by a iuft account. 

How golden was that age that lett, 

When Couples mett, 
Theire lips and hands doe what they woulde, 
Left out theire haires and more fkinn bare, 

Then now they dare j 
For libertie mifunderftood 
Is counted lightnes, and when twoe 
Maie doe amife, tis thought they doe. 

Yett 
30 



Yett fince there bee fome people ftill, 

That meane no ill, 
The worlde is not fo full of linne, 
Butt that wee maie finde fome place yett 

Proper and fitt 
To adt our mutuall friendlhip in, 
And fome Spectators to allowe 
Of our old loving fafhion now. 

Then will I lay my cheeke to thyne. 

And thoa (halt twyne 
Thy maiden armes about my neck. 
And I will compas in thy wafte 

With arms as chafte, 
And one anothers eyes bedeck 
With little babies which fliall bee 
Our unpolluted progenee. 

Belides weele doe fuch childifli things, 

Though Love have wings, 
Hee Ihal bee lothe to fly awaye j 
And reftles tyme, as lothe to pafle 

By with his glafe. 
Shall ofler everie foote to fl:aie ; 
One fpinn, the next draw out our yeeres. 
And the third Fate lett fall her flieeres. 

If 

31 



If anie Lovers of one fort 

Hether refbrt, 
Theyll fitt them with our modeft fceanes, 
And prompted by a wanton eye 

Quicklie difcrye 
Wee know not what fuch adtion meanes, 
Butt runn awaye and leave the Stage 
To them and this corrupted age. 

And if her eyes, cleareft and beft 
Of all the reft, 
Surveigh theife Lynes trad: with Loves dart, 
Prefume to afk her, ere you go, 

Whether or no 
Shee wilbe pleafd to adt her part j 
Which if fliee be afhamd to doe, 
Intreat her to excufe mee toe. 



XIV. 
32 



XIV. 

A Paradox. 

THere is no Louer hee or Ihee, 
That euer was or can be falfe. 
Tis paiEon or fymplycitie 

Or fome Apoftacie that calls 
Thofe votaries, thofe dead folke foe j 

For if we goe 
To vowes, to prayers, to paines, to all 
The penuries Monafticall, 

No bare foote man. 
Rock Hermitt or Carthufian, 
Can in a courle of life liiruiue 
More ftrict or more contemplatiue. 

For till that Iparke of fyre be out, 

As holy men are not allowed 
Among the Saints nor goe aboute 

To proue them felues in fufFerance proud, 
Soe was there neuer Louer found 

But under ground j 

And 

F 33 



And if he tooke the ftyle before, 
And name uncanonized wore, 

People might fay, 
This Saint hath nere a holliday, 
But like a bold, unbidden Gueft, 
Intrudes uppon anothers feafte. 

What defperate challenger is he, 

Before he vanifh in his flame, 
What ere his paines or patience be, 

That dares aflume a Martyrs name ; 
For all the way he goes he 's none. 

Till he be gone. 
'Tis death, not dyeing, that muft doe 
This right to them and Louers too. 

Which they approue, 
That make and marr the Lawes of loue. 
Yet better cheape can none acquire 
This Crowne of thomes, this Robe of fire. 

'Tis not a yeare will ferue to trye 

How weake ones faith is or how ftrong ; 
In this auftere Societye 

Probation lafts a whole life long. 
No obferuation finglie vowd 

Is here allow'd. 

Two 
34 



Two heartes muft ioyne and then thofe two 
Muft both alike beleeue and doe j 

But as a twynn, 
This coUedge takes no fellow in j 
At home, abroade, in all affaires, 
They liue, they dye, they goe, by payres. 

And as two Turtells that haue pearcht 
And interchangd their f eruent eyes. 
When each in others bofome fearcht. 

If either Male or Female dyes 
And the liue Bird furvyuith ftill 

To prune and bill, 
Not only this that neuer pynde 
Is thought of fome forgettfull kynde, 
But that 's denyde 
To be a Turtle true that died j 
So fares it here that paft all doubt 
Th' inftind: of Loue findes Louers out. 

Hard happ when death cannot afliire 

What our whole Hues haue deerely bought, 

But we muft Relatiues procure 
To Anfwer euery Louing thought. 

'Tis much to dye j 'tis more to fynde 
Two of my minde. 

XV. 

35- 



s 



XV. 
Ir, 



'> 



Tis but a while, fince in a veftall flame 
Barren, but bright, the Tuders royall name 
Beloued expir'd ; then God a Steward fent 
With many Tallents, fitt for gouernment. 
This patriarch did butt two fonnes begett, 
Whereof one fhines, the other funne is fett. 
Father and fonne did their firft fruits reftore 
Unto the Giuer, and he gave them more. 
The hopefull Charles and Mary full of 

grace j 
And it were courtjQiip out of time and place 
To prayfe them yet, till Men and Women 

growne 
Giuing them prayfe, we giue them but their 

owne. 
Get us a Blacke prince to the white we haue, 
A Henry Monmoth, and a Richard braue 
As Coeur de Lion, lineally placet 
On thy throne, Charles the fearles, and the 

chaft. 

And 
3<i 



And when Greate Brittaine Males enow haue 

feene 
To be our Kings, get each Land elfe a Queene 
Louely, and louing, as your Machles Bride, 
Miffortune-free j or elfe if feauen tymes 

try'd, 
Out or that furnace may they come and 

fhyne 
Like the pure Golden Princefle Pallatine. 
Meane while, what chofen veflells muft they 

be ! 
That can not wifh (vewing their pedigree) 
An Adtiue vertue, or a paffiue grace, 
But may be found in their owne Stocke and 

Race. 
May euery Branch of thyne a Scepter growe. 
And from thy Iburce a Sea of Vertues flowe 
Aboute the world,till Fame with outftretch't 

wings 
Style Charles the Patterne, & the Roote of 

Kings, 

A. TOUNSHEND. 



XVI. 

37 



XVI. 

An Elegie made by Mr Aurelian 
TowNSHEND In remembrance of 
THE Ladie Venetia Digby. 

WHat Trauellers of matchlefle Venice lay, 
Is true of thee, admir'd Venetia j 
Hee that ner'e saw thee, wants beleife to reach 
Halfe thofe perfedlions, thy firft fight would 

teach. 
Imagination can noe Ihape create 
Aery enough thy forme to imitate ; 
Nor bedds of Rofes, Damafk, red, and white. 
Render like thee a fweetnes to the fight. 
Thou wer't eye-Mufike, and no fingle part, 
But beauties concert j Not one onely dart, 
But loues whole quiuer ; no prouinciall face, 
But uniuerfall ; Beft in euery place. 
Thow wert not borne, as other women be. 
To need the help of heightning Poefie, 
But to make Poets. Hee, that could prefent 
Thee like thy glafle, were fuperexcellent. 
Witnefle that Pen which, prompted by thy parts 
Of minde and bodie, caught as many heartes 

With 
38 



With euery line, as thou with euery looke ; 
Which wee conceiue was both his baite and hooke. 
His Stile before, though it were perfect fteele, 
Strong, linooth, and ftiarp, and fo could make us 

feele 
His loue or anger, Witnefes agree, 
Could not attradt, till it was toucht by thee. 
Magneticke then, Hee was for heighth of ftyle 
Suppof 'd in heauen ; And fo he was, the while 
He fate and drewe thy beauties by the life, 
Vifible Angell, both as maide and wife. 
In which eftate thou did'ft fo little ftay. 
Thy noone and morning made but halfe a day j 
Or halfe a yeare, or halfe of fuch an age 
As thy complexion fweetly did prefage. 
An houre before thofe cheerfull beames were fett, 
Made all men loofers, to paye Natures debt j 
And him the greateft, that had moft to doe, 
Thy freind, companion, and copartner too, 
Whofe head fince hanging on his penfiue brelt 
Makes him looke juft like one had bin poQeft 
Of the whole world, and now hath loft it all. 
Dodors to Cordialls, freinds to coxmfell fall. 
Hee that all med'cines can exadly make, 
And freely give them, wanting power to take, 
Sitts and fuch Dofes howerly doth difpenfe, 
A man vnlearn'd may rife a Dodlor thence. 



39 



I that delight moft in vnufuall waies, 
Seeke to aflwage his forrowe with thy praife, 
Which if at firft it fwell him vp with greife, 
At laft may drawe, and minifter releife ; 
Or at the leaft, attempting it, exprefle 
For an old debt a freindly thanckfulnefle. 
I am no Herald ! So ye can exped: 
From me no Crefts or Scutcheons, that refled 
With braue Memorialls on her great Allyes j 
Out of my reach that tree would quickly rife. 
I onely ftryue to doe her Fame Ibm Right, 
And walke her Mourner, in this Black and 
Whight. 



40 



Commendatory Poems. 



41 



XVII. 
To THE Right Honourable^ the Lord 

CaRYj eldest SONNE TO THE EaRLE 

OF Monmouth. 

VErball Tranllators fticke to the bare Text, 
Sometimes fo clofe, the Reader is perplex't, 
Finding the words, to finde the wit that Iprung 
From the firft writer in his native tongue. 
The Ipirit of an Authour being fled. 
His naked lines looke like a body dead. 
Lefle Criticke, more ludicious, you prefent 
No Authour ftrip't, but full of Ornament : 
Or rather Galiko-like defcry 
Daily new Starres, and fix them in our fkie : 
Whofe diftance Davenant Ihowes; How pure 

they be 
We heare by Carew, but by you we fee. 
This vertue Suckling fweetly doth exprefle j 
What I can adde, would make thofe lights feeme 

lefle. 
Malve:^ and your Lordfhip would decline 

From 

43 



From your true height by a poore praife of mine j 
The bell is then, fo weake a braine can doe, 
In their Gold-fcales to weigh both him and you. 

Tour Lordjhips mojl humble fervant^ 

A. TOUNSHEND. 



XVIII. 

To THE Incomparable Brothers^ 
Mr. Henry^ and Mr. William 
Lawes (Servants to His Ma- 
jestie) upon the setting of 
these Psalm es. 

THe various Mulick, both for Aire and Art, 
Thefe Arch-Muficians, in their fev'rall waies 
Compof 'd, and Adted, merit higher praife 
Then wonder wanting knowledge can impart. 
Brothers in blood, in Science and AiFedtion, 
Belov'd by thofe that envie their Renowne, 
In a Falfe Time true Servants to the Crowne, 
Lawes of themfelves, needing no more direc- 
tion. 

The 
44 



The depth of Mufique one of them did found, 
The t' other took his flight into the aire : 
O then thrice happy and induftrious paire, 
That both the depth and height of Mufique 
found. 
Which my fweet Friend, the life of Lovers pens, 
In fo milde manner hath attain'd to do, 
He looks the better, and his hearers too ; 
So in exchange all Ladies are his friends. 
And when our Meditations are too meane 
To keep their raptures longer on the wing. 
They foar'd up to that Prophet and that King, 
Whofe Love is God, and Heav'n his glorious 
Scene : 
Setting his Pfalmes, whereby both they 

and we 
May finging rife to immortalitie. 

A. TOUNSHEND. 



4; 



Doubtful Poems. 



47 



XIX. 

Mr. Townsends Verses to Ben John- 
sonsj in answer to an abusive 

CoPIEj CRYING DOWN HIS MaG- 

NETicK Lady. 

IT cannot move thy friend (iirm Ben) that he 
Whom the Star-Chamber cenfur'd, rimes at 
thee, 
I gratulate the method of thy fate, 
That joyn'd thee next in malice to the State. 
So JSero, after paricidall guilt, 
Brooks no delay till Lucan's blood be Ipilt ; 
Nor could his malice find a fecond crime, 
Unlefle he flew the Poet of the time. 
But (thanks to Hellicon) here are no blowes • 
This Drone no more of lling then honey Ihewes. 
His verfes Ihall be counted Cenfure, when 
Caft Malefad:ors are made Jury-men. 
Mean while rejoyce, that fo diigrac't a quill 
'Tempted to wound that worth, time cannot kill. 
And thou that dareft to blaft Fame fully blown, 
Lye buried in the ruines of thy owne. 
Vexe not thine alhes, open not the deep, 
The Ghofts of thy Ilaine name had rather fleep. 

XX. 
H 49 



XX. 



'Daphnis. Amyntas. 

T~\ Jmyntas^ ho ! Didil thou elpy, today, 
J~^- A mountain-Nymph pafs nimbly by this 
way? 

Her Garments handfom were, though no- 
thing brave : 

Her Cheek and Eye, fuch as thy Phyllis 
have. 

J. Daphnisy to Roell houfe early fhe went, 

To her brave Lord, fome Token to prefent. 

D. Jmyntas^ Thanks : No better newes I'd 
hear: 

I know, ftie'l find a noble welcom there. 

Toiinfend. 



XXI. 



XXI. 

La Boiuinette. 

SHee 's not the fairelt of her name, 
And yet flie conquers more then all lier race. 
She has other motiues to Inflame, 

Befides a louely face ; 
She has witt & Conftancy, 
Charmes that take the Sovale more then the Eye 
Tis not Euery Louer 
Knows how to difcouer 
Such Diuinjty. 



And yet She is an Eafie booke, 

Writt in faire Language for the meaner witt, 
A llately Garbe, a Glorious looke, 

And all things juftly fitt. 
Yet time Ihall undermine 
That glorious outfide that appeares foe fine. 

When the Common louer 

Shrinkes and giues her ouer, 
Then Shee 's only mine. 

To 



To the Platonik that Apply's 

His deare addrefles only to the mind, 
The bodie but a Temple fignifies, 

Wherein the Saint 's inflirin'd. 
To him it is all one, 
Whether the walls be marble or of ftone ^ 

For in holy places. 

Which old time defaces, 

There 's moil deuotion fhewne. 



xxir. 

f2 



XXII. 

Upon kinde and true Love. 

' ^ I % not how witty, nor how free, 
J[ Nor yet how beautifull flie be, 
But how much kinde and true to me. 
Freedome and Wit none can confine, 
And Beauty like the Sun doth fliine, 
But kinde and true are onely mine. 

Let others with attention fit, 
To liften, and admire her wit. 
That is a rock where He not fplit. 
Let others dote upon her eyes. 
And burn their hearts for facrifice, 
Beauty 's a calm where danger lyes. 

But Kinde and True have been long tried 
A harbour where we may confide, 
And fafely there at anchor ride. 
From change of winds there we are free, 
And need not feare Storme's tyrannic, 
Nor Pirat, though a Prince he be. 



f3 



ALBIONS 

TRIVMPH. 



PERSONATED IN A 

Maske at Court. 

^j the Kinps aS^f ale/lie and—^ 
hu Lords, /^::-.r^ 






The Sunday after Twcffe;7|^|^ 
Night, idji. 




L O NT) O U. 



Printed by Aug : Mathmt for V.okrt Alia at the Blackfi 
Beare In Pauls Church-yard. 1 63 1 . 




A L B I O N S 

TRIVMPH. 

He King and Queenes Maiefty 
having iignified their pleafure 
to haue a new Maske this 
New yeare, Mafter Inigo lones 
and I were employed in the In- 

vention. And we agreed the 

fubie of it fhould be a Triumphe in ALBI- 
POLIS the chiefe City of ALBION. The 
Triumpher, ALBANACTVS, And ALBA 
this Hands Goddefle. Names not improper, 
eyther for the Place, or for the Perfons: ALBION 
being (as it once was) taken for England; A L- 
BANACTFS^ for the King, %«/ in Albania 
natus : Borne in Scotland. And AL B A^ for the 
Queene whofe native Beauties have a great affi- 
nity with all Purity and Whitenefle. The Kings 

A 2 devo- 

1 y? 



devoting himfelfe to this Goddefle, is but the 
feeking of that happy Vnion which was preor- 
deyned by the greateft of the Gods. lO FE there- 
fore fends downe ME%CV%T to ALB A^ to 
acquaint her that he had decreed a Tryumph, 
which (a farre of) Ihe might behold : Concea- 
ling his further Councells, vntill ALBAJSAC- 
T FS were fubdued to Love and Chaftity, by 
CF?ID and DIANA, who defcend, and 
having conquerd the Conquerer, They Ihew him 
the Queene. The King, yeilds, And prefents 
himfelfe a suppliant, to the Goddefle AL 2 A. 
She embraces him, And makes him Copartner 
of her Deity. 

The "Dejcription of the 
Scene. 

The firft thing that prefented it felfe to the eye, 
was the Ornament that went about the Scene : 
in the middeft of which, was placed a great 
Armes of the Kings, with Angels holding 
an Emperiall Crowne, from which hung a 
Drapery, of crimfon Velvet, fringed with gold, 
tackt in feverall knotts, that on each-fide, with 
many folds, was wound about a Pillafter \ in the 

freeze, 
>-8 



(3) 
freeze, were feilones of feverall fruites in their na- 
turall colours, on which, in gratious poftiires lay 
Children fleeping; at each end was a double 
ftieild, with a Gorgons head, and at the foot of 
the pillafters, on each fide, ftood two Women, 
the one young, in a watchet Robe looking vp- 
wards, and on her head, a paire of Compafles of 
gold, the poynts ftanding towards Heaven : the 
other more ancient, and of a venerable alped;, ap- 
parreled in tawney, looking downewards ; in the 
one hand a long ruler, and in the other, a great 
paire of iron Compafles, one poynt whereof, 
ftood on the ground, and the other touched part 
of the ruler. Above thei r heads, were fixt, comper- 
timents of a new compofition, and in that over 
the firft, was written Theorica^ and over the fecond 
Pra^ica^ fliewing that by thefe two, all works 
of Architedlure, and Ingining have their perfe- 
ction. The Curtaine being fuddenly drawne vp, 
the firft Sceane appeared, which reprefented a 
I{omane Atrium^ with high Collombs of white 
Marble, and ornaments of Architecture of a com- 
pofed maner of great proiedture, enricht with car- 
ving, and betweene every retorne of thefe Col- 
lombs, ftood Statues of gold on round pedeftalls, 
and beyond thefe, were other peeces of Archi- 
tecture of a Pallace royall. 

A 3 Over 



(4) 
Over all was a ferene skie, out of which a 
cloude began to breake foorth, and as it difcen- 
ded, a perfon was difcovered, fitting in it, which 
by his Petafus and Caduceus, was knowne to be 
Mermry^ the meflenger of love. 



The firft Song. 

Behold I I come not from above^ 
To hyde^ or hunt out wanton hove^ 

Or doe what Man can doe : 
But to jpred all my nimble wingSj 
And like a God^ doe Godlike things 

Gratefully and Gratious too. 
Obferue! But fee ye be not nyce. 
Prepare to give.^ and take advice.^ 

As wife-Men ought to doe : 
Leji when your fuhtile witts haue done.. 
Tour Notesy like Motes^ thought in the Sunne 

Proove farre beneath vs too. 
Admyre ! but cenfure not their Powers.^ 
That fnke not with Times fandy hovores^ 
As m or tall Creatures doe. 
And fince the Shaft that is adreji^ 
At Heaven may hurt the Shooters breafi., 
Be pleas' d and pleafe vs too. 

Orpheus. 
60 



Orpheus^ Amphion^ Arion and three old Poets and 
Muficians more, rayfed by his Charming Rod, 
reply from Earth. 



The firft Chorus. 

Happy, thrice happy is that houre 

Wherein a God defcends, 
Eyther in perJoTij or in powre 

And Mans poorefiate befriends. 

ME1{^CFI{T .defcends to Earth, and atten- 
ded by Orpheus, and the reft walke vp, and draw- 
ing neere the perfon of the Goddefle ALBA, 
to a foft fweete Muficke that playes behind him. 
In voce J^dtativa, he declares the fubftance of his 
Commifsion. 

The fecond Song. 

Olimpian 10 V E to the bright AL B A fends 
No vulgar God to beare his deare Commends. 
And vptth pure eyes, and a paternall hand. 
This Vniverfe having furvey^d, and jjian^d. 
In Councell with himfelfe, he hath decreed, 
Fromfayre ALB I POL I S Jhall foone proceede 

A 
dt 



A "Triumph : Mighty ^ as the Man deJigrPd 
To iveare thofe Bayes s Heroicke^ as his mind ; 
lufi^ as his aUions ; Glorious^ as his l^igne. 
And like his Vertues^ Infinite in Treyne. 
TP Immortall Swannes^ contending for his Name^ 
Shall beare it finging, to the Houfe of Fame. 
And though at dijlance yet High lOVE is pleas'' d 
Tour laboring eyes jh all with his fight be eas*d. 
"This from a God^ vnto a Goddefie fent^ 
A God ^lates^ that could vfe Complement: 
But whenfuch States^ negotiate by fuch meanes 
We Jpeake in ARs.^ and fcorne words trifling Scenes. 

Having delivered his Embaflage ME1{CFJ^ 
gently retiring, Orpheus and his Poetick Quire In- 
fpir'd with Divination fing. 

The fecond Chorus. 

Te Powers Divine make roome^ prepare a Seate 
On the Northfide^for ALB AN ACT the Great., 
Earth is not fruitlefie : nor your nombers full., 
Therms One to come will make fome Starrs looke dull. 

Arrived at the Scene againe and meaning to 
reafcend, MET{CVI{T finding fome impedi- 
ment 

(52 



ment by the way of queftion adrefles himfelfe to 
the Company. 

The third Song. 

MERCVRY. 

What maps me Jo vnnimbly ryfe^ 

That did defcendfo fleete ? 
There is no vp-hiU in the skyes s 
Clouds Jiay not featheredfeete. 
CHORVS. 
Thy wings are fin^d: and thou canji fly 
Butjlowly now J fwift MERCVRY. 

MERCVRY. 
Some Lady heere^ is Jure too blame 

That from Loves flarry skyes^ 
Hath Jhot Jome Beame, or Jent fome flame ^ 
Like Lightning., from her Eyes. 
CHORVS. 
Taxe not the Starrs., with what the Sunne., 
Too neere aprocPt [infens^t) hath done. 

MERCVRY. 
Pie rorole me in Auroras Dew., 

Or lye in Tethis bed i 
Or from coole Iris begge a few., 
Pure Opale Jhewrs new (bed. 

B CHO- 

6l 



(8) 
CHORVS. 

Nor DeWy nor Jhervers^ nor Jea can Jlake 
Thy quenchle^e heate^ but Lethes lake. 

When MERCVRY is Re-affiim'd into Hea- 
ven in Pompe. Here the Scene is changed into 
the Forum of the City of Albipolis^ and AlbanaUm 
triumphing, attended like a Roman Emperor 
is feene a farre ofFto pafle in pomp. 

The Scene is turned into an Amphitheater, 
with people fitting in it, a Patritian and a Plebe- 
ian come forth, &c. 

Enter Flatonkus and Publtus. 

Pui, Though I have eam'd it with the fweat of my 
browes in January, yet I am glad I faw it, for there never 
was fuch a fight feene. 

Pla. What fight Puiltus ? 

PuL The Triumph. 

Pla. Whofe Tryumph ? 

Pul>. The Timmph of ALB^N^CTFS. 

Pla. Didft thou fee it ? 

Pul>. See it, yes, and feele it too. Every one there (I can 
aflure you) went not vpon his owne feete. 

Pla. No, I thinke, fome rid. 

Pu6. They did fo ; for fome rid me. Some trode on my 
toes. Some cryed, fome kept it in ; for my part, I confeft 
all, for feare 1 fhould have beene pieft to death. 

P/a. 

<J4 



(9) 

Via. Though thy body was pincht, .thine eyes were 
feafted. 

tub. Were not yours fo too ? 

Via. Yes. 

Vuh. Where flood you ? 

Via. I flood not, 

Vub. You had the better friends fir, I pray v'here 
fate you ? 

Via. In my fluddy. 

Vub. Is not your fluddy backward ? with a Ihop-light in 
it, where one can fee nothing but the skye ? 

Via. I confefTe it, what of that ? 

Vub. Why then you faw no Triumph. 

Via. But I did, and a true one, thine was but a fliew. 

Vub. If what I faw was but a fliew, what you faw was 
but a fliadow, or at the mofl a Vifion. For it feemes your 
body kept home, though your fpirit walkt. 

Via. It did fo. And travelled to better purpofe then mofl 
men doe, that goe, and fee, and fay, but know nothing. 

Vub. To coiifiite that Herefie of yours, I have gone, and 
feene, and know, but I will fay nothing. 

Via. That's impoffible j The meate thou hafl lately fed 
vpon, is fo windy, out it muft, thou wilt burfl elfe. 

Vub. Faith fir, I am very full indeede. 

Via. Purge then, and tell thy Doftor all. 

Vub. ALBANACTVS CiESAR fi^om his 
fumptuous Pallace, through the high-flreets of A L B I- 
P O L I S rid Triumphing, on a Chariot, made 

Via. Of wood, perhaps guilt, perhaps gold. But I will 
fave you all thofe charges, if you will goe on to the Per- 
fons, and let the Pagents alone. 

Vub. Sir I faw him not as he was borne, naked, but fince 
you affed fuch brevity, 1 faw the King and a great deale 
more, and fo I turn'd my backe, and went away. 

B z Via. 

K 61; 



via. Nay good Vublm^ now thou art too briefe. 

Vuh. When you beginne to tell your dreames. Tie not 
iogge you, till you wake of your felfe. 

P//7, Nay prethee be not angry. 

Bub. 1 am not angry, but a little fhort-winded vpon oc- 
cafion. Yet to give you fome fatisfadion becaufe you have 
done me wrong. Before C^SAR March't Captive 
Kings, with their hands bound. And Ladies, with their 
Armes acrofle, furious wild Beafts, great Giants, and little 
Dwarfes with Lidlors, and Pifbors, and a number of 
Priefts that were as you would have them. In their fliirts. 
Thefe with certaine Princes that were behind him : made 
vp a Triumph too great to come out of any mortall mans 
mouth. 

P//7. That's moft certaine. 

Bub. I meane in words. But as you hunt me you would 
hunt a Hare off her leggs. 

Via. I confeffe thou haft made more hafte, then good 
fpeede : But for a fupplement to thy lame Story, Know, I 
have feene this brave ALBANACTVS CAESAR, 
feene him with the eyes of vnderilanding, vew'd all his 
Adtions ; look't into his Mind : which I finde armed with 
fo many morall vertues that he dayly Conquers a world 
of Vices, which are wild Beafts indeede. 

For example Ambition, is a Lyon; Cruelty, a Bearej 
Avarice, a Wolfe. Yet He fubdues them all. To be fhort, 
no Vyce is fo fmall, to fcape him : Nor fo great, but he 
overcomes it : And in that fafhion he Triumphes over all 
the Kings, and Queenes that went before him. AH his 
Paffions, are his true Subiedts : And Knowledge, Judgment, 
Merit, Bounty and the like, are fit Commanders, for fuch a 
Generall, Thefe Triumph with him. And thefe are the 
Princes you faw about him. And this Publius, is more 
then you can finde in the ftreete. 



66 



(^0 

Puh. I graunt it. But yet graunt me one Requeft deare 
Platonicus ? 

Pla. What's that? 

Puk Goe but with me to the Amphitheater. 

P/a. To Gaze. 

Pui. Yes. 

Pia. Why beforehand I know there will be Gladiators, 
SaltatorSy and fights to pleafe the People, Wert not thou 
better flay here, and fee C^SAR prefent himfelfe to this 
iayre Goddefle, feeking fweete reil, after all his labors. 

PuB. I Ihould fleepe at fuch a fight. 

Pla. Then after a Play, thou art all for a Pryze. 

Puh. AU together, and fo (I hope) are you. 

Pla. At this time, I am. For I will goe with thee, if it be 
but to teach thee to Reade in thy owne Booke. Outfides, 
have Infides,' Shells, have Kernells in them. And vnder 
every Fable, nay (almoft) vnder every thing, lyes a 
Morrall. Publius flumhles at aflone. 

What art thou doing Publius. and floops to take it vp. 

Pub. Lifting vp the ftone I Itumbled at. 

Pla. To what ende ? 

Pub. To fee what lyes vnder it. 

Pla. What fhould lye vnder a ftone, but a Worme, or a 
Hogloufe. 

Pub. If there lye not a Morall vnder it, then have you 
taught me falfe Dodrine. 

Pla. Such thankes have they that teach fuch Schol- 
lers. Come away Foole, they beginne to throng to the 
Theater. 



Such kind of paftimes as Vi(9:orious Emperors were 
wont to prefent as fpedacles to the People, are heeie pro- 
duced for Anti-Maskes vpon the ftage. 

B 3 The 



67 



The Anti-Maskes enter. 

Firft, Fooles 



r Salt at or s ~\ 

Secondly, < or v 7 

(JTumhlers.)) 
rPugili p 

Thirdly, ^ or J^ 3 

iBuffeters 3 

Fourthly, Satyrs like Dauncers i 

Fiftly, One Giant , and Pigmies f 

r Gladiators ^ 

Sixtly, < or v. 4. 

(^Fencers j 
r Mimicks ~) 

Seventhly, < or V 7 

(.Morefcoes 3 

This Enterlude being paft, CFPID emula- 
ting the glory of an Invidl Conquerer, defcends ; 
Invokes DIANA-. And invites her to fet upon 
thefe yet unconquer'd Conquerers. She appeares 
in her Chariot, and he in a Cloud. 

The Defcription of the Maskers and the 
Place. 

The Scene is changed into a pleafant Grove 
of ftraight Trees, which rifing by degrees to a 
high place, openeth it felfe to difcover the afped: 
of a ftately Temple j All which, was facred to 
10 VE ; In this groue, fatt the Emperour ALBA- 
NACTVSj attended by fourteene Confuls, 

who 
(J8 



(^3) 
who Itood about him, not fet in ranks, but in fe- 
verall gratious poftures, attending his commands : 
his habite, like a Romane Emperour in a Curafe 
of yellow Sattin embrodered with filuer, his gor- 
get clincant, cut round, and on his breaft an Angels 
head imboft of gold, the Labells of the fleeues, 
and fliort Bafes of watchet embrodered with the 
fame, the vnder fleeues, and long ftockings of 
white, on his head a Burgonet richly enchaft 
with filuer, turn'd vp before in a fcrowle, with an 
artificiall wreath of Lawrell, out of which, 
fprang rayes like a piked Crowne, the habite of 
the Confuls were after the fame manner, excep- 
ting the rayes of gold, ifluing from his Lawrell 
wreath. 

The Dialogue betweene Cvpid and 
Diana. 

Cvpid. 
Sit notfecure, nor thinke in eafe 
Still vndijpleas^dj yourfelues to pleafe : 
Diana, Chafi Diznajioope, 
And helpe to wound this warlike troope. 

Diana. 
Wants Love a Bowe, orjhaft of mine? 
This Juit will make my Crejcent Jhine. 



Cvpid. 



69 



(H) 

C V P I D. 



Love is grown tvife^ and meanes to bring 
To hisfmart Bovpe, a double firing. 
Behold our Marke ? taks*t thou not pride 
In fuch a Glory to devide ? 



Diana. 



/ doe^ I doe^ Jince I am fure^ 

When we two ioyne^ our flames are pure. 

CvpiD and Diana. 

^s pure, and Cleere, as Albas skin, 
As her f aire Fame, or thoughts within : 
Pure as my felfe s nay pure like Thee, 
Now Love is that which Love Jhould be. 

They come vpon the Scene, and the Clowde 
and Charriot goe vp. 

The Chorus below fing. 

Bow-bearing Gods,Jhoote,Jhoote, and hit, 
And make our Caesar greater yet: 
Tet leave him with vs. Let himjhine 
Still heere j And make him all Devine 

Cupid 
70 



Cupid and Diana fhoot at the Maskers, and AL- 
BANACTVS yeilding to the Gods, mooves 
downe the fteps in a ftately pace to Mufick made 
by the Chorus of Sacrificers, that fing as the Maf- 
kers defcend. 

The fourth Song. 
Te Worthies of this Ile^ 

"That led by your brave Chief e^ 
In an Heroick fiyle^ 

Have over done Belief e: 
Subdu'd ^j ALB AS eyes 
Come downe^ Loves Sacrifice ! 

It is nojhame to yeild^ 

Where t'is in veyne tofirive : 
The Gods would quit the field. 
Should they thefe rvarres revive 
Or Conquerd, by her Eyes, 
Come doTone Loves Sacrifice. 

Streight Cedar, that hall flood, 
ihejhock of many a wind: 
The top of this Tall wood. 
By a high hand defignd 
Subdued by ALBAS Eyes, 
Come downe Loves Sacrifice ! 

When the Maskers are all come downe the 
fteps, the High Priefts and Sacrificers, treading a 

C grave 

71 



(15) 

grave Meafure walke vp toward the Queene 
ringing. 

The fift Song. 

Great ALBA though eche Grande heere^ 

At this High Court of thine^ 
Like a true Liege Man doth appeere^ 

And offers at thy Shryne : 
It if no Conquefi for thifie Eyes^ 

When petty -P rinces fall^ 
That are fame Jingle Beauties pryfe. 

Or a lone-Vertues Thrall : 
Heere comes the Trophe of thy prayfe^ 

The Monarch of thefe Iles^ 
The Mirror of thy CheerefuU I{ayesj 

And Glory of thy Smyles : 
The Vertues and the Graces all^ 

Muji meete in one^ when fuch Starrs fall. 

The King and the Mashgrs 

dance the mayne Maske. 

Afterward taking his feat by the Queene. 

The Scene is varied into a Landfcipt, in 

which was a prolped: of the Kings Pallace of 

Whitehall^ and part of the Citie of London^ feene a 

farre off, and prefently the whole heauen opened, 

and 
72 



(^7) 
and in a bright cloud were feene fitting fine per- 
fons, reprefenting Innocency, lufiice^ Hjligion^ Af- 
feBion to the Countrey, & Concord^ being all Com- 
panions of Peace, and thus attired. Innocency, a 
woman in a pure white robe, with a garland of 
flowers on her head : lufiice, a woman in a yallow 
garment richly adorned, her mantle white, and 
on her head golden rayes, in her right hand a 
Iword, and in the middefl: thereof an Emperiall 
Crowne : J{eligion, a woman in a fliort Sur- 
plufle of lawne full gathered about the neck, and 
vnder it a garment of watchet, with a fliort vale 
of filuer, and about her head, beames of gold like 
the Sunne, and in her left hand, ftiee held a booke 
open : AffeUion to the Countrey, a young man 
in a Coat armour of yallow, with a purple Man- 
tle, his buskins adorned, his plumed Helme of 
filuer, and in his hand a Garland of long grafle : 
Concord, a man in a skie coloured Robe, and a yal- 
low Mantle j on his head a Garland of wheate, 
and in his hand a bunch of arrowes tyed together 
with a white band, thefe moving towards the 
earth fing together as followeth. Prayfing their 
Piety, and wilhing they may perpetuate them- 
felues by a Royall Pofterity, Prefent them with 
feverall Guifts. 

C2 The 



73 



"■ Concord, 
b Affection to 
the Countrey. 
" Inocence. 
"J luftice. 
« Religion. 



(i8) 

The fixth Song fung by the five 

Deities. 

Bles^t Payre whofe prayers like Incence rife^ 

Openings and pulling downe the Skies 

Take your J{mard\ lufi Oiyee mett^ 

So hand in hand live many a Day^ 

And may your Vertuous minds beget 

IJpie that never Jhall decay , 

And jo be fruitful! every way. 

May Plenty Vxotev&-like appeare^ 

Varying your Pleafures every yeare. 

Wee five come freely to impart^ 

Such favors as we can afforde : 

One gives his " Hand, the next his "^ Heart, 

The third her ' Robe, the fourth her ^ Sword, 

The fifth full many a ^ Suppliant Word. 
And to fulfill your future Blijfe^ 
Sweete Yq^lcc falutes you with a Kjfie. 

Then from the vpper part of the heauen, was 
feene to follow this : Another more beautifull 
cloud, in which alone triumphant fat Peace^ a wo- 
man in a carnation Robe richly adorned, a vale of 
filver, and on it a Garland of Olive, and in her 
hand a branch of Palme, Proclaiming her large Be- 
nefits, And the Worlds Ingratitude. 

Peace 

74 



Peace Sings alone the seventh Song. 

Frighted by Day ,• ^nd in the Night difeas% 
I fled to Heaven f and left the World dij^leas^d. 
Fond Men thatfirive more for a Province there^ 
Then looking vpward to poffejje a Sphere. 
Tet vamjuyij^t and FiBorious, both at lajiy 
Their weary Limmes, on my Joft Bed would cafi. 

The Five in the lower Clowde confefsing her 
great Bounty., Anfwere. 

The Five. 

Two 2 Lyons, and Lambs togeather lye, 

When Lovly Peace fiands fmtling by 

Two 2 Temples and Townes by thy flayed hand, 
Firji learne to l{ife. And then to Stand. 

All f ^Tm not the Laurel Tree that brings, 
Anointing Oyle for f acred Kings: 
Thofe Princes fee the happieji Dayes, 
Whofe Olive Branches Ji and for Bayes. 

When the fine perlbns which firft defcended 
were come to the earth, the cloud that bare them, 
was in an inftant turned into a richly adorned 
Throne, And out of the foure corners of the 

C 3 Scene 

7r 



(20) 

Scene proceede 4. Gods, Neptune, Plutus, Bellonay 
and Cebele, complaining of eafe and Plenty 

The eighth Song. 

Armes are layd by : Earely and late. 
The Traueller goes Jafe to Bed: 
Men eate and Drinks in Mafiie Plate, 
And are with Deinties day ly fed. 
Why Jhould this He ahoue the reji. 
Be made i^great Gods) the Halcions n^? 

The f. Deities thus refblue them. 
Imperious Peace her f elf e Defcends 

The foure Gods. 
Then here our fear ch, and wonder ends, 
Wee'lfieale away 

Peace. 

Earths ^lers,flay! 
The foure Gods. 
Doth f oft Peace call? 

Peace. 
Tes : and. willjlreight employ yee All. 
The foure Gods 

How, and wherein ? 
The J-. in the lower Clowde. 
Give eare, your Charge doth now begin. 

Peace 
76 



(-0 

Peace gives them their Charge. 
Neptune to Sea, And let no Sayle^ 
Meete Alb ions Fleet e. But make it veile. 
Bellona Arme^ That Foes may fee. 
Their LUlies kept by Lyons be. 
Their fruitfuU fields (Cebele) make 
Pay Centuple for all they take. 
And let Both Indies (Pluto) meete., 
And lay their wealth at Kl^'R h.S feete. 

The foure Gods reply 
When Peace commands fuch p leafing things. 
From Love and Time wee'lfieale their wings. 

For a Conclufion, the Gods, Poets, and Priefts 
ioyne, and fing a Valedid:ion to Hymens Twin the 
MAKjr-CHA\LES. 

The laft generall Chorm. 

Loaden with Wealth and Honor may, 
Thefe Gods returne to crorvne this Bay, 
And Mary-Charles whofe mindes within. 
And Bodyes make but Hymens Twin, 
Long live they fo. And Brefi, to Brefi, 
May Angels fing them to their I{efl. 

Thofe 



(22) 

Thofe that will prayfe the ftrud:ure and chan- 
ges of the Scene. The fweetenefle and variety 
of the Muficke. Or the Beauty of the Figures, and 
Paces, I thinke may doe it with caufe enough. 

But for the Invention and writing of the 
Maske, I was as loath to be brought vpon the 
Stage as an vnhanfom Man is to fee himfelfe in 
a great Glafle. But my Excufe, and Glory is, The 
King commanded, and I obeyed. 

AVRELIAN TOVNSHEND. 



The Maskers Names. 

The King 

I E. Holland 8 S\ Rob. Stanley 

r E. Newport 9 M\ Goringe 

g Lo. Doncajler 10 S\ JVtl: Brook§ 

4 L. Donluce 11 S\ lohn Mainard 

5- L. Wharton ix M\ D'tmmoch^ 

6 L. Taget 13 M\ (LAhercromy 

7 L. Bruce 14 M\ Murrey 

FINIS. 

78 



TEMP 

RESTORD 



A Mafcj 




uc 



Prefcntcd by the Qveene , and foure- 

tecne Ladies, to the Kings Ma- 

I E s T I E at Whitehall on 

Shrove-Tucfday. 

I 6 ^ r. 




LONDON: 

Printed by A. H for Robert Allet, 
and George Baker. 
1631 




T E M P E 

RESTORED 

The Argument. 

Irce by her alurements inamo- 
red a young Gent, on her per- 
fon, who a while lived with 
her in all fenfuall delights vntill 
vpon fome iealofie conceived, 
fhee gaue him to drinke of an 
inchanted Cup, and touching him with her gol- 
den wand transfbrmd him into a Lyon. After 
fome time fliee remembring her former loue, re- 
transfbrmed him into his former fhape. Which 
he reafiiming tooke the firft occafion by flight to 
quitt the place and comming into the prefenceof 
his Maieftie, whofe fight frees him from all feare 
he relates the Itory of his fortune. 

When Circe had notice of her Lovers efcape it, 
A 2 put 




M 



put her into a furious anger and then into a la- 
mentation or loue pafsion. But being confblated 
by her Nymphes ; fliee commands that all fuch 
delights be prepared as may fweeten her Ibrow : 
and presently all the voluntary beafts vnder her 
fubied:ion are introduced to make her fport. 
After which the way being firft prepared hy Har- 
mony, and the influences j divine Beautie accom- 
panied withfoureteene jftars of a happy conftella- 
tion,defcends to the Muficke of the Spheares znA. 
ioyneth with heroicke vertue, where in prefence 
o^ hue & Cupid, Circe knowing the defigne of the 
deftinies on this glorious Enterview, voluntarily 
delivers her golden rod to MINERVA. So all 
the inchantments being diflblued. TEMPE 
which for a time had beene poflelt by the volun- 
tary beafts of CI1{CES Court j is reftored to 
the true followers of the MFSES. 

The defcription of the Sceane. 

INthevpper part of the border ferving for or- 
nament to the SCENE, was painted a faire 
compartment of fcrowles and quadratures, in 
which was written TEMPE ^ESTAF:R^A- 
TVM. On each fide of this, lay a figure bigger 
then the life, the one a woman with wings on 
her head like MEl^VRJE and a pen in her 
hand : the other a man looking downe in a 

booke 
82 



booke lying open beforehim,and a torch lighted 
in his hand : that figur'd Invention ; this Know- 
ledge. Neere to thefewere children holding oug- 
ly Maskes before their faces in action as if they 
would afright themj others ridingontame beafts 
and fome blowing liich wrethen Trumps as 
make confufed noyfe, in the corners lat other 
Children hardning of darts in Lamps. But In- 
vention & Knowledge leeme not to be diverted 
from their ftudy by thefe childifh bugbears. In 
the midft of the two fides of this border in Ihort 
neeces fat two ougly figures, the one a woman 
with a forked tongue, and fnaky lockes, and 
the vnderpart of a Satyre,this Hagge held in her 
hand a fmiling vizard crown'd with Rofes, and 
was figured for Envie,vnderthe Maske of friend- 
fhip. On the other fide was fitting as horrid a 
man Satyre with a wreath of poppy on his head, 
anda Frog fittingon the forepart thereof^ and a- 
boue a Batt flying, this reprefented curious I^o- 
rance. The reft of the Border was fild vp with 
leverall fancies, which left I Ihould be too long 
in the defcription of the frame, I will goe to the 
picture it felfe, and indeed thejfe ftiowes are no- 
thing elfe but pi(5itures with Light and Motion. 
A Curtaine being drawne vp, the Lightfome 
Scene appear'd, ftiewing a delicious place by na- 
ture and art j wljere in a Valley inviron'd with 

A 3 Hils 

83 



(4) 
Hils a farre ofF was feated, a profpedt of curious 
Arbours of various formes. The firft order of 
marble Pillafters. Betweene which were neeces 
of rocke worke and Statues : Ibme fpurting 
water received into vazes beneath them, and o- 
thers ftanding on Pedeftals. On the returnes of 
thele Pillafters run (lender Cornilhments. From 
which was raifed a fecond order of gratious 
termes with womens faces which beare vp the 
ornaments. Vnder this to a leaning height was 
a Balleftrata inricht. All this fecond ftoryfeem'd 
of filver worke mixt with frefh Verdures which 
on the tops of thefe arbours covered fome of the 
returnes, in the forme of tipes with tender bran- 
ches dangling downe ; others were cover'd flatt, 
and had flower pots of gold for finifhing. Be- 
hind thefe appear'd the tops of flender trees, 
whofe leaues feem'de to moue with a gentle 
breath comming from the farre off Hills. 

Out of this pleafant place comes in haft, a yong 
Gentleman, looking often backe, as if he feared 
a purfuit; and beeing come into the midft of the 
roome, looking ftill diftradtedly about him, hee 
wipes his face with a handkercher, and then ad- 
vanceth towards the State, and Ipeakes. 
The fugitive Favourite. 

Was I a Lyon I that am now afraid I 
I feare no danger s nor I feare no Death ,• 

But 
84 



But to be I^etransform'd, into a Beafi : 
Which while I was^ although 1 mufl confejfe^ 
I was the Braueji : What could Jhee doe lejje^ 
That f aw me SubieSl^ to no bafe dejire : 
Tet was there in me, a Promethean fire. 
That made me covet to be man againe. 
Governed by I^eajon, and not ruPdby Senfe. 

Therefore IJhunne this place of J{efidence, 
Andflye to Vertue : in whofe ecwfull fight. 
She dares not come, but in a Maske, and crouch, 
As low as I did, for my liberty. 

Her Bowre is pleafant, and her Palace ^ich ,■ 
Her Fare Delicious, and her Language fine ,• 
Butjhall the Soule, the Minion of the Gods, 
Stoope to her VajfaRs ? Orfiand by andfierue. 
While they fit /welling, in her Chayre of Stated 

Tis not her ^od, her Philters, nor her Herbes, 
(ThoughfironginMagicke) thatcan boundmensmindss 
And make them Prisoners, where there is no wall. 
It is confent that makes a perfeU Slaue: 
And Sloth that binds us to Lufis eafie Trades, 
Wherein we ferue out our youths Prentijhip, 
Thinking at lafi, Louejhould enfranchise vs, 
Whome we haue neuer, either feru'd or knowne : 

" He finds no helpe, that vfes not his owne. 

The fpeech ended the Gentleman lyes downe 
at the feet of the Lords feates. 

Then the further part of the Sceane opening, 

there 



there appeares feated on the fide of a fruitful! hill, 
a fumptuous Palace, with an open Tarras before 
it,andagreatftaireofreturne,defcendingintothe 
lower grounds ; the upper part environ'd with 
walles of Martjle, alongft which were planted, 
Cyprejie trees. From the foot of the hill, Circe at- 
tended by the JSayades^znd. Dry odes comes foorth 
in fury, for the efcape of the young Gentle- 
man, her Lover ; and hauing traverft the ftage 
with an angry looke, fings to her Lute. 

The Song of Circe^ reprefented by 
Madam Coniacke. 

Cir: Dijjembling Tray tor ^ now 1 fee the caufe^ 
Of all thy fawning^ was hut to he free: 
"Twas no tforn othmg, thou hadfi teeth andclawes^ 
For thou haji made a cruellprey of me. 
Her 4 Nymphes. 
Ingratitude is apt^ to flinke away, 
Andjhunne that bounty., which it cannot pay. 
Circe : And he u gone {aye me) is fiolne from hence.. 
And thispoore Casket of my hre^y hath left 
Without a Hart: that Jhould for recompence, 
Haue lockt in two : mqfi inhumane theft ! 

Her foure Nymphes. 

Send not your fghesj after a fickle mind., 
That Sayles the faster for fuch Gales of wind. 

Circe. 
8d 



Circe. Then take my key esl and Jhew me almy wealth. 
Leade me abroad I Let me my JubieBs viervl 
BringmefomePhyfick! though thatbringno health! 
Andfeyne me pleajures^ Jince I finde none true. 



Chorus. 



Tee willing Servants I And ye Soules confined 
To feveraujhapes, by powerfuR Herbes and Art., 
Appearey transform d each tn your Jeuerall kind^ 
Andfiriue to temper the dijiemper'd Heart, 
Offullen Circe, fiung with Cupids dart. 

Her fbng ended,fliefits,and before her are pre- 
fented all the An timasques,conlifting of Indians, 
and Barbarians, who naturally are beftiall, and 
otherswhich arevoluntaries,and but halfe trans- 
formed into beaftes. 

Here come forth all the Anti-masques. 

p.- n. 7. Indians adoring their 
I Pagode. 

„ J C I. Hare. 
Second < u j 
2 2, Hounds. 

Third 4.. Lyons. 

B Fourth 

87 





(M 




Fourth, 


c^. Apes. 

lAn AJJe like a Pedante, teaching 


Fifth, 


I them Prick-fang. 
6. Barbarians. 




Sixth, 


T. Hogges. 




The Laft Anti-Masque 
2. Indians. 


confifting of 




2. Hounds. 






2. Apes. 

1. Aje. 

2. Lyons. 

2. Barbarians. 






2. Hogges. 





The Anti-Mafques being paft j Circe and her 
Nymphes retire towards the palace from whence 
fhee came, and the Sceane returnes into the vale 
ofTEMPE. 

Harmony comes foorth attended by a Chorus 
of Mufique, and vnder her conduct f ourteene 
Influences of the ftars, which are to come. Shee 
with the Chorus goes vp to the State and lings. 

Harmony prefented by M"» Shep. 

Not as my felfe^ but at the bright^ Starre^ 
Thatjhines in Heaven^ come to J{eigne this day 

And 
88 



(9) 
And thefe the Beames and Influences are 
Of Confiellations^ rehofe Planeticke fway^ 
T hough fome foreJeBj all mvfi; alike obey. 

Chorus. 

Such a Coniunilion^ of aujpicious lights^ 
'M.eete but in Honor ^ offome l{egall rights. 

Harmony and her Quire. 

Ladies ! lend vs your eares. 

And let no Louers Jigh be heard I 

Or Suite, (^though ii^) be now prefer'd 

A confort of the Spheres, 
Admits no whijper, nor no found. 
But what is dejcant, to their ground : 

Nor can we hold ye long. 

For there are Stars to rife. 

That farre aboue, our fong 

Are Mujicke to all eyes. 

They retire 

A Saraband. 

If any Beauty here. 
In her owne glajje appear e 
Or Louers eye, mofl cleere? 
Looking hut vp,fhe may with fmall adoe 
Perceiue that flatters, and her feruant too. 

B 2 Her 

N 89 



(10) _ 

Her Song ended they retire with a Saraband 
and the foureteene Influences fall into their 
daunce. Which beingpafl: they are placed on the 
degrees by the Lords and Ladies where they fitt 
to fee the Majque. 

Then the Scene is changed into an oriental! 
skye, fuch as appeares at the Sun riling,and a far 
off is feene a Landfcipt and a calme Sea which 
did terminate the Horizon j in the hither part 
was a Haven with a Citadell, and oppofite to 
that, were broken grounds and craggey rocks. 

In the midft of the ay re the eight Spheares in 
rich habites were feated on a Cloud, which in 
a circular forme was on each fide continued 
vnto the higheft part of the Heaven, and feem'd 
to haue let them downe as in a Chaine. 

To the Muficke of thefe Spheares there ap- 
peared two other Clouds defcending, & in them 
were difcovered eight Stars j thefe being come to 
the middle Region of the skie, another greater 
Cloud came downe aboue them; Which by little 
and little defcending,difcovered other gliftering 
Stars to the number of fixe : and aboue all in 
aChariot of gold-fmithes workes richly adorned 
with precious lemmes, fat divine Beauty, over 
whofe head, appear'd a brightnefle, full of finall 

ftarres 
90 



ttarres that inviron'dthe topof the Chariot, ftri- 
king a light round about it. 

The eight Stars that firlt defcended being by 
this time paft the Spheares came forth, and the 
Clouds on which they lat with a fwift motion 
returningvpagaine,andtheotherftilldefcending 
Ihewed a pleafing contention betweene them as 
they paft. When divine Beauty and her atten- 
dants were lighted, that great Cloud that bare 
them flyes vp againe,leavingtheChariotftanding 
on the Earth. 

This fight altogether was for the difficulty of 
the Ingining and number of the perfons the grea- 
tett that hath beene feene here in our time. For 
the apparitions of fuch as came downe in the 
ayre, and the Chorufses ftanding beneath arrived 
to the number of fifty perfons all richly atti- 
red, ftiewing the magnificence of the Court 
of England. The defcription of the feverall Ha- 
bitesof the maine Mafque, Anti-Mafques^wixh all 
the perfons imployed, would make a booke a- 
lone as big as this, and aske more time in fetting 
downe then can bee now fparedj onely thus 
much the Queenes Maiefties was in a garment of 
watchet Sattine with Stars of filver imbrodered 
and imboft from the ground, and on her head a 
Crowne of Stars mixt with fome fmall falls of 

B 3 white 

91 



(12) 

white Feathers. And the Ladies were in the fame 
manner. The ftufFe was rich and the forme No- 
ble, and all futing to the Munificence of fb great a 
Queene. 

The Higheft Sphere reprefented 
by M'. Laneere. 

When Divine Beautie^ will vouchsafe tofioope^ 
And moue to Earth : "'tis fit the Heauenly Spheres^ 
Should he her Muficke : And the Starrie Troope^ 
Shine rotind about her^ like the Crown ejhe weares. 

Chorus. 

No mortall Brefi, 
Can entertaine : 
So ffreat a Guefl, 
Andfuch a Trayne. 

Higheft Sphere. 

/ cannot blame ye if ye ga^^e^ 
Andgiue fmall eare to what I fay: 
Forjuch a prefence will ama\e^ 
And fend the Senfes all one way. 

Chorus. 
92 



(^3) 
Chorus. 
The Mujick that yee heare^ is dull^ 
But that ye fee J is Jvpeete indeed: 
In euery Part exaSl^ and full , 

From whence there doth an Ayre proceed^ 
On which tP Intelligence s feedy 
Where faire and good^ infeparably conioynd^ 
Create a Cupid, that is neuer blind. 

The Queene and the Ladies dance their Entry j 
after which Harmony^ and the higheft Spheare 
ling, affifted by all the Chorus together. 

The Song, 
Harmony. 

How rich is earth ? and poore the skies ? 
Depriu'd of heauenly Beauties eyes ? 

Whofe Image men adore. 
The eighth Sphere. 

Heroicke Vertue^ is that kind 

Of Beautie^ that attraSls the mind^ 

And menjhould mofi implore. 

The reft of the Spheres, 
lanus was happy that could fee ^ 
Two wayes at once : And happier he 
That round about him kept 
Watches^ that neuer flept. 

Cho: 

93 



(H) 

Cho : But we mofi happy, that behold. 

Two that haue tum'd this age to Gold, 

Making old Saturns ^eigne. 
In theirs, come backe agatne. 
Andfince more, tP obieEl, then thejight, 
Makes ^eche f^eUator Blefi / 
How are we rauijht with delist. 

That Jee the beji. 

The Maskers dance their maine Dance, which 
done, and the Queene feated vnder the Itate by 
his Maieftie, the Scene is againe changed into a 
fliady wood, and a new Heaven appeares diffe- 
ring in fhape and colour from the other. In the 
midft of which hue fitting on an Eagle, is leene 
hovering in the ayre with a glory beyond him. 
And at that inftant Cupid from another part of 
the Heaven comes flying forth, and hauing paft 
the Scene, turnes foaring about like a bird, and 
at the fame time Pallas, Circe and her foure 
Nymphes appeare on the Stage : the great Chorus 
confilting of fine and thirty Mulitions Handing 
below to affift them. 

Cupid : It is but lufiice, to torment a heart. 

That tortured thoujands: And my gentle reigne. 
So wrongd with aaing of a Tyrants part, 

I mufi I^ejtreyne, 

My 

94 



My powre abused s u4nd right my iniurd Treyne. 

lupiter. 

Thou clainPfi her SubieBls : And I claime the Soyle^ 
As Soueraigne Lord : The Hecatomesjhee brings^ 
Though great Oblations^ yet deduc'dfrom Spoyle^ 

Are fordid Things: 
Andfent of Earth : Vertue pure Incenfe brings. 

Circe : 

The Godsj more freedome did al/orvj 
when loue turned lo to a Cow. 

Pallas : 

Are mortall Creatures., growne fo proud 
To taxe the Skye^for euery Cloud: 
Circe : Man-Maide^ bee gone ! 

Pallas : 

Though I could tume thee., to a Stone 
lie begge thy peace : 
lupiter : Deare Daughter ceafe I 

Circe : 

Ceafe Dreadfull loue ! Finding thy Drift, 
My Bounty, fball prevent thy Guift: 
ThiiMachles Payre, 
I make, my Heire : 
All I poffeffe, I heere, J^efgne, 

C Thou 

9T 



(Id) 

Thou hajl thy will : And I haue Mine. 
lupiter: 
Shee giues but whatjhee can not keepe. 

Cupid: 
Then was the wound I gaue her deepe. 

Both: 

T^was I whofe power none can withfiand^ 
That opened both her heart, and hand. 

The Valedidtion. 
How would they mourne, to looje yee quite ! 
That are Jo loath, to fay. Goodnight. 
Tet wee may pleade, in our Excufe, 

Should you, thefe Loanes of Loue forfake 
The Gods themfelues, fuch Sommes would take 

And pay vs, vfe. 

When this was paft, the Eagle with love flew 
vp, and Cupid tooke his flight through the Ayre, 
after which theHeauens clofe. Palas andCirce re- 
turnes into the Scene with the Nymphes, and Cho- 
rus; andfo concluded the laft/«^(?r;w^^?am. After 
which the Queene and her Ladies began the Re- 
vels, with the King and his Lords, which conti- 
nued all the night. 

The Allegory. 
In the young Gentleman, who Circe had 
firft enamored on her Perfon, and after, through 

lealoufie 
96 



(^7) 
lealouiie conceiued, Transformed into a Lyon. 
And againe remembring her former Love, re- 
transform'd into his former fhape, is figured 
an incontinent man, that ftriving with his af- 
fections, is at laft by the power of reafon per- 
fwaded to flye from thofe Senfuall defires, which 
had formerly corrupted his Judgement. 

Circe here fignifies delire in generall, the 
which hath power on all living Creatures, and 
beeing mixt of the Divine and Senfible, hath 
divers eflPedts, Leading fome to Vertue, and 
others to Vice. Shee is defcribed as a Queene, 
having in her fervice,andfubiedlion,thei\^»?^/^x, 
which participate of Divinity, figuring the 
Vertues,and thebruiteBeafts,denoting the Vices. 
The defcription of her perfon, of extraordinary 
Beauty^ and fweetnefle of her voyce, fhewes that 
defire is moved either by fight or hearing,to loue 
Vertue^ or the contrary, and the BeautifuU alpedl 
of her inchaunted Palace, gliftering with gold, 
and Precious Ornaments, that defire cannot bee 
moued without apparance of Beauty^ either true 
or falfe. 

The DryadeSj and Nayades, Nymphes of the 
Woods, and Waters, that is to fay j the good fpi- 
rits defufed through all the Vniverfe, are fervants 
to this Queene, and liue with her in all Liberty 

C 2 and 

o 97 



(i8) 
and pleafure, whofe imployment is to gather 
the moft exquiiite Herbes, and Flowers of the 
earth, for the fervice of their Miftresj Figuringthe 
Vertues and Sciences^ by which the delire of Mans 
Spirits are prepared and difpofed to good, the 
beafts, in part transformed, who contrary to 
their Natures,make her fport, reprefents vnto vs 
that Seniiiall defire makes men loofe thtvcVertue 
and Valour, turning Parafites and Slaues to their 
Bruitifh affections. That thefe Intemperate 
Beaftes of Circes Court, fliould for a time poflefle 
TE MPE. The happie retreat of the Mufes and 
their followers, is meant, the inchantments of 
vitious impoftureSjthat by falfe meanes, feeke to 
extirpate the true I^o\xev%o£ Science arxdVertue^to 
whom of right only that place belongs. 

That divine Beauty OLCCom^zxPcd with a troope 
of Stars of a happy Conftellation ioyning with 
Heiroicke vertue fliould diflblue the inchant- 
ments, and Circe voluntarily deliver her golden 
rod to Minerva^ is meant that a divine Beame 
comming from aboue, with a good inclination, 
and a perfect habit of vertue made, by the Har- 
mmyoithe Irafcible andconcupifcible parts obe- 
dient to the rationall and higheft part of the 
foule. Making man onely a mind vling the bo- 

dy 



(I?) 

dy and affedtions as inftruments, which being his 
true perfection, brings him to all the happinefle 
which can bee inioyed heere below. 

In Heiroicke vertue is figured the Kings Ma- 
ieftie, who therein tranlcends as farre common 
men, as they are aboue 5eafts, he truly being the 
prototipe to all the Kingdomes vnder his Mo- 
narchic, of Religion, luftice, and all the Fertues 
ioyned together. 

So that Corporeall Beauty, confifting in fi- 
metry, colour, and certaine vnexpreflable Graces, 
fhining in the Queenes Maieftie, may draw vs 
to the contemplation of the Beauty of the foule, 
vnto which it hath Analogy. 

All the Verfes were written by M^ Aurelian 
Torvnefend. 

The fubie<a: and Allegory of the Mafque, 
with the defcriptions, and Apparatus of the 
Sceanes were invented by Inigo I ones. Surveyor of 
his Maiefties worke. 



FJNJS. 



99 



y 



The names of the Influences 
reprefented by 



Lo. Herbert. 

Lo. EUefmere. 

Lo. Rich, of Hott. 

Mr. Hen. Howard of Berk. 

Lo. Grey of St am. 

M'. ¥hil. Herbert. 

M'. Ch. Cauendijh. 



La. Ma ViUiers 

La. Eliza. CeciU. 

La. ^l. Egerton. 

La. Eliza. Feilding. 

La. Fy^». Howard of Berk. 

La. Eliza. Gray of St am. 

La. Diana CeciU. 



The Names of the Malquers. 



The Qveenes Maiestie. 



Coun. Oxford. 
Coun. Canaruan. 
La. Ann. Rujfell. 
La. -(^w». Cavendijh. 
La. Af/?. 2?»/ei7. 
M'^ ViB. Cary'. 



Coun. CarliJIe, 
Coun. Newport. 
La. 2CiJ. Egerton. 
La. ^w». Feilding. 
La. Howard. 
M'=. Tadget. 
M«. 5o/J. C<r77. 



I OO 



NOTES 

I. 

' Let not thy beauty mak^ thee fraud.' 

This is anonymous in Playford, Select MuHcal ^yrei(i6$i'),f. 34 ; 
{l^yj), p. 19 ; Select ^yres and Dialogues (1659), p. ^6. The setting 
is by Henry Lawes. The 16^9 collection uses as a title Beauty a fading 
Ornament. The poem is anonymous also in Cotgrave, Wits Interpreter 
(l^jy), loij and in f/arl. MS. 3991, f- 74, where it is marked as the 
seventh of a group of nine songs, of which others are not by Townshend. 
But in ^ddi. MS. 1939^, f. 10, a music-book compiled c. 167 8-8 z 
by Dr. Edward Lowe of Christ Church and the Chapel Royal, it has 
the heading ' Aurelian Townsend, to his daughter, M^is Kirke '. This 
manuscript also gives the air by Lawes. 

The text is from Playford, collated with the two MSS. and with 
Cotgrave. 

St. 1, 1. 2. Thy friends may hardly] That scarce thy freindes 
may, .^ddL 

St. 3, 1. I. state] seat, ffarl. 
1. 2. As decent is] Is desent if, ^ddl. 
1. 3. in] is, fTarl. 
1. 3 . bow] loue, .yiddl. 
1. 4. lightnings] Ughtning, Cotgrave, Harl. 
St. 4, 1. 3. Verme] Justice, ^ddl. 
1. 4. vilenesse] wildness, ^ddl. 
St. J, 1. I. eye that %t^%\ eyes that see, Playford (l^J'2 only), eye 
that seeks, Ifarl. 

1. 2. Will] May, ^ddl. 

1. 3. wags] way, Harl. 

1. 3. will grace] shall praise, .Addl. 

1. 4. vertue] vertues, Harl. 

lOI 



NOTES 



II. 



' victorious beauty, though your eyes.' 

This is anonymous in Playford, Select Musical yiyres (itfji)jp. 21 j 
(i^J j), p. J J Select .Ayres and Dialogues (i6s^\ p. zo. The setting 
is by William Webb. The 11? J 9 collection uses as a title Lome's 
Victory. The poem is anonymous also in Cotgrave, Wits Interpreter 
(itf J j), 2.4, in ^ddl. MS. 2J707,f. 172^, and in two copies in T. C. D. 
MS. G. 2. 21, if. 293, 368. It is ascribed to the Earl of Pembroke 
(presumably William Herbert) in three closely agreeing manuscripts, 
Harl. MS. 3910, f. 112^, ^ddl. MS. 21433, ^ "9j ^nd ^ddl. MS. 
2j3o3,f. 129. It was printed as Donne's, on the strength of an ascrip- 
tion in one of the three manuscripts used by the editor, in Sir John 
Simeon's Unfublished Poems of Donne (^Philobiblon Society's Publications,, 
vol. iii, i8j5-7). Here it has the title ^ JVaming. In my edition 
of Donne's Poems (ii. 25J), I classed it amongst the Doubtful Poems, 
and noted a copy in Malone MS. 13, f- J i, in which a second hand 
has set Townshend's name to the poem, and has also added the 
address ' To the Countesse of Salisbury', which does not occur in any 
other copy. Townshend's connexion with the house of Cecil, and 
the £ict that the Malone MS. contains others of his poems in unique 
copies, help to render the ascription plausible. I have since found 
confirmation of it in a second ascription to him of a copy in Worcester 
Collie MS. J 8, f. 237. 

The Countess of Salisbury intended was probably Catherine- 
Howard, daughter of Thomas Earl of Suffolk, and wife from 
I December, 160S, of William Cecil, who became second Earl of 
Salisbury on 24 May, 16 iz. Donne did in fact write a Verse Letter 
to her in August, 1614 (Poems, ii. 57). 

The text is that of Playford, collated with, and in several points- 
corrected by, the Harleian, Addl., Malone, and T. C. D. manuscripts- 

St. I, I. 3. unlike] not like, Malone. 

L J^ single] little, fiarl., ^ddl. 21433, ^J3°3- 

St. 2, 1. I. It] I, Playford. 
1. I. but] and, Malone. 
1 3. where a] as that, Playford. 
102 



NOTES 

1. J. Thereby it] Thereby Ij P/^y/orrf. From that it, ^M. 15:707. 
St. 3,1. I. breast] brasse, Play ford. 

1. 2. Are proofe against] Are proofes against, PUyford. Canne 
resiste, ^ddl. ij707. 

1. 3. lesse] soe, Malone. 

1.4. Of] By, 7'/«jy/ord. 

1. J. thou pretend'st] you intend, P/.ij'/oj-fi. you pretende, ^ddl. 
35707. 

St. 4, 1. I. Thy] The, PUyford. 

1. 2. is] was, Harl., ^ddl. 21433, ^J3°3- 

1. 3. Love] Heart, Malone. 

1. 4. Were] Where, PUyford. 

1. 4. deserv'd] deserves, Malone, .Addl. 1J707. 
St. J, 1. I. a] an, Malone, T. C. D. (ind cofy). 

1. I. some that] chance to, PUyford. 

1. 2. say] stay, PUyford, T. CD. (ut cofy). 

1. 3. stolen] stole, PUyford, T. C. D. 
Ojtgrave has a curiously corrupted text, which I subjoin. 

Song, 

Victorious beauty, though your eyes 
Doe conquer when you sit or rise. 
Doe not a single heart despise. 
Or the taking of so small a prize ; 
It came alone (yet so well arm'd) 
With characters of beauty charm'd. 
That so it might remain unharm'd ; 
But steel, nor yet the strongest brest. 
Are proof against those eyes so blest. 
Or can a beauty so divine 
Which is inferiour unto thine. 
Of any heart be long possest 
Where they pretena an interest ? 
The conquest in regard of me 
Is small, but in respect of thee 
(Which if divulg'd) deservest to be 
Recorded for a victory. 
And such a one, as men may say. 
Though you have stolne my heart away ; 
If that your servant prove not true, 

May steal a heart or two from you. 

103 



NOTES 

III. 

' Thou art xo fair, andyong withalL' 

This is printed, with music, and ascribed to Aurelian Townshend in 
H. Lawes, ^yres and Dialogues, Book i (r^yj), p. 29, and reprinted 
in W. Beloe, Anecdotes of Literature (1812), vi. 19^. 

IV. 
' ^ged man, that mowes these fields,' 

This is printed, with music, in H. Lawes, ^yres and Dialogues, 
Booki (i^J3), p. 3 6>x, and ascribed to Aurelian Townshend. Another 
copy, anonymous and without the title, in Cotgrave, JVits Interpreter 
(ifi'yy), 97, yields some errors and two corrections. 

1. I. mowes] moves Lawes. 

1. 4. Foot] fort, Cotgrave. 

1. 9. puts]^ falls, Cotgrave. 

1. 17. Pilgr, . . . may] Omitted by Cotgrave. 

1. 18. Because] Omitted by Cotgrave. 

1. 20. twists] twist. Lanes. 



' Bacchus, I-acchus, fill our Brains.^ 

This is printed, with music, in H. Lawes, .Ayres and Diahgutty 
Book i (165:3)3 p. 9 bis, and ascribed to Townshend. An anony- 
mous copy in Cotgrave, Wits Interpreter (i^Jj), 116, furnishes one 
correction of Lawes' text. Anonymous copies also appear under the 
title -rf Glee, In Praise of Wine, in ^n Antidote against Melancholy 
{x66\), 39, and underthe title The Virtue of Wine in the \66\, 1670, 
and 169 1 editions of Merry Drollery (ed. J. W. Ebsworth, 218). 
These omit the ' Bacchus, I-acchus ' burden altogether and have other 
variants not worth recording. The piece is in Wit and Mirth, ^n 
Antidote .Against Melancholy. The Third Edition, Enlarged (1682), 100, 
which is apparently related to the Antidote against Melancholy of 1661. 

104 



NOTES 

Here it has the initial burden, and the heading *^ Glee to Bacchus. 
By Ben Johnson." It is also in T. D'Urfey, Wit and Mirth : or Pills 
to Purge Melancholy (1719)5 ^- '443 which is certainly related to the 
i^8i volume. Here it lacks the initial burden, and has the heading 
'Bacchus Tum'd Doctor. The Words by Ben. Jonson.' From 
D'Urfey 's it got into other popular collections. J. Ritson, English 
Songs (1783), ii. 42, queries the ascription to Jonson, and thinks 
that the verses may have been found in The Poems of Ben Johnson 
Junior (1671). But they are not there. 

St. 1, 1. 6. their] the, Cotgrave. 

1. 7. pure wine . . . sad souls] 'tis wine . . . poor souls, Cotgrave 
(^printing the burden in full to all stt., and repeating the variant 'tis wine 
in stt. 2, J, and 6). 

St. 2, IL I, 2. Omitted by Cotgrave in this and the following stt. 

St. 3, 1. 3. Phesant Poults] Phesant, Poules, Cotgrave. 
1. 6. meat to eat] meet to eat, Co^rave. 

St. 4, 1. 4. the Palsie] Palsie, Lames. 

St. 6,\. J. wit] friends, Cotgrarue. 

VI. 
' Thou Shefheardj whose intentive eye.' 

This is printed, with music, in H. Lawes, ^yres and Dialogues^ 
Book i (1^^3)3 P- ^° ^"3 ^"^^ assigned to Townshend. The first 
stanza, stt by Lawes as a trio, is also in .Addl. MS. 29386, f. jy, 
with the note 'Words Mr. Townsend'. An anonymous copy 
is in Cotgrave, Wits Interpreter (i^yj), 117, and another, with 
corruptions not worth recording, in the second (r66i) edition of 
Wit and Drollery, 103. There are reprints in W. Beloe, Anecdotes 
of Literature (1812), vi. 197, E, Arber, The Milton .Anthology 
(1899), 208, and J. W. Ebsworth, Poems of Caretv, 228. Ebsworth 
gives the poem the title His Mistress Found, and says — I know not 
on what authority — that it is a reply to the following poem, on one 
Elizabeth Wheeler, variously ascribed to Carew in his Poems of 1540, 
and to Herrick in his Hesferides of 1^48, from which {Muses Library, 
ed. i. 132) this text is taken. 

P lOf 



NOTES 

Mrs. Elii^ Wheeler, under the Name of the Lost Shepherdess. 

Among the myrtles as I walk'd, 

Love and mjr sighs thus intertalk'd : 

Tell me, said I, in deep distress, 

Where I may find my shepherdess. 

Thou fool, said love, know'st thou not this ? 

In everything that's sweet she is. 

In yond' carnation go and seek, 

There thou shalt find her lip and cheek : 

In that e'namell'd pansy by. 

There thou shalt have her curious eye : 

In bloom of peach and rose's bud, 

There waves the streamer of her blood. 

'Tis true, said I, and thereupon 

I went to pluck them one by one. 

To make of parts a union : 

But on a sudden all were gone. 

At which I stopp'd : said love, these be 

The true resemblances of thee; 

For, as these flowers, thy joys must die. 

And in the turning of an eye : 

And all thy hopes of her must wither. 

Like those short sweets, ere knit together. 



St. 1,1. I. 

St.5r,l. 1. 
St. 7, 1.4. 



xjin.E tiiuoc diiuiL awccis, eic K.111L LUgl 

intentive] attentive, ^ddl. 
Lilly bears] lilies bear, Cotgrave. 
Dispers'd] dispierc'd, Lowes. 



VII. 

' Delicate Beauty, why should you disdaine.' 

This is printed, with music, in H. Lawes, The Second Book, of ^yres 
and Dialogues [i6%^\ i o, and ascribed to Townshend. It also appears, 
with Lawes' music, in Playford, Select ^yres and Dialogues, Book ii 
(i(f(f9), 41. 

VIII. 

' when rve mere farted^ 

This is printed, with music, in H. Lawes, The Second Book^ of ^yns 
and Dialogues (i^yj), 19, and ascribed to Townshend. 

io6 



NOTES 

IX. 

' / have heme in Heav'n, 1 1 
This is printed, with music, in H. Lawes, The Second Boo\of ^yres 
and Dialogues (itfy j), 21, and ascribed to Townshend. An anony- 
mous copy, with the title On his Mistress Singing, is in E. P., 
Mysteries of Zove and Eloquence (l^jS), 66. 
St. 2, 1. 2. jnistake] mislike, JE. P. 
1. 4. that] it, E. P. 

X. 

' Tour smiles are not, as other womens bee.' 

This is assigned to 'Au: Townsend* in Malone MS. 13, £ J3, by 
the copyist of the poem. The title is in a second hand. From this 
manuscript the poem was printed by A. H. BuUen, Speculum ^mantis 
(1889), 125. 

I suppose the Lady May intended to have been Judith, daughter 
of Sir William Foley of Boxted, Suffolk, and second wife of Sir 
Humphrey May. She was married on 3 Feb., 1616, and is mentioned 
as one of the intended performers in a Mask of Amazons planned, 
but not given, during the Christmas of 1617—18 (Birch, Court and 
Times of James the First, i. 4J1). Sir Humphrey May became Vice- 
Chamberlain of the Household in 1629. He died in 1630; Lady 
May in 1661, being then aged 6^. In ^shm. MS. 47, f. 49, are 
some lines On Namaniell Fetid, suspected for too much Familiarity w^^ 
his M"^ Lady May. Field was a well-known actor. The lines, 
which do not deserve quotation in full, begin : — 

' This is the sweet and pleasant month of May.' 

XL 

' Though regions farr deuided. 

This is ascribed in Malone MS. 13, f. J 9, to ' Au: Townsend ' in 
the hand of the copyist of the poem. It has not, so far as I know, 
been printed before. 

107 



NOTES 

XII. 

' Come not to me for scarfs, nor plumes.' 

This is ascribed in MaLone MS. 13, £ 75, to ' Au: Tounsend ' in 
the hand of the copyist of the poem. It has not, so far as I know, 
been printed before. 

XIII. 

' Hide not thy Ine and myne shal bee.' 

This is found in two versions, a longer and a shorter. Neither 
has, so far as I know, been printed before. The longer version, of 
thirteen stanzas, occurs only in T. C. X>. MS. G. i. 21, f. 319, and 
is there ascribed to ' Townesend '. Another copy, on f. 472, of the , 
same manuscript, is defective, owing to the loss of the page con- 
taining all the stanzas after the fourth, and it is, therefore, impossible 
to say how long it originally was. It is headed To his iW*. entreating 
her to shunn the concealerrf. of her affection, and is anonymous. The 
shorter version, consisting of the first six stanzas only, is in Harl. 
MS. 6918, £ 19, with the title ^ Sonnet, and in ^ddl. MS. 1^707, 
f. 149, without a title. In both manuscripts it is anonymous. 

I have followed in the main the text of the longer version, and 
add a collation. 

St. r, 1. I. love] face, T. C. D. (i« copy). 

1. 4. those that meane more hurt] such as raeane hurt, ^ddl., 
T. C. D. (2,nd copy), such as meane hurts, Harl. 
1. y. of] Omitted by T. C. D. {md copy). 
1. 7. would] will, Harl., ^ddl., T. C. D. (md copy). 
St. 2, 1. I. loves are] love is, T. C. D. (istcopy). 

1. 3. For] Omitted by Harl., ^ddl., T. C. D. {md copy). 
1. 4. is] Omitted by Harl,, T. C. JO. (ind copy). 
1. y. How] How then, Harl., ^ddl. 
1. 8. by] nigh, Harl., ^ddl., T. C. D. (2nd copy). 
St. 3, 1. 4. could] would, ^ddl. 

1. 6. so much as tyme] as much tyme as, T. C. D. {2nd copy). 
1. 7. to thee] to mee, T. C. D. (ist copy), for mee, Harl., ^ddl. 
St. 4, 1. 2. was] were, Harl., ^ddl., T. C. D. {2nd copy). 

108 



NOTES 

1. 4. mee . . .bee] but sure they be, Marl., T. C. D. (2nd cofy). 
but saye they bee, ^ddl. 

1. J. Fruit] Fi-uits, ^ddl., T. C. D. {2nd copy). 
1. J. T. C. D. (2nd cofy) ends here. 
1. 6. That] Which, UarL, .Addl. 
1. 6. forefathers] forefather, Harl. 
St. f , 1. I. Yet hee that] But yett who, ^ddl. Yett who, fiarl. 

I. z. lesse] lest, T. CD. 

II. 4, 5. Her . . . by] Inverted by Harl., ^ddl. vnith I. 6. 
1. 7. persuations] Example, Harl.., Wddl. 

1. 8. Thyne] Her, Hurl.., ^ddl. 
St. 6,\. I. If . . . of] Though all the tongues of, Harl., ^ddl. 
1. r. envy] Slaunder, Harl. Slanders, ^ddL 
1. 5. And . . . tell] Apt to informe, fiarl.^ udddl. 
1. 4. affection] affections, T. C. D. 
1. 6. Elemental! fire] Universall power, T. C. D. 
1. 6. forbid] for, T. C. D. 
1. 8. If] When, T. C. D. 
1, 8. his . . . out] this Aire goes out, ^ddl. these flames go out, 

T. CrD. 

1. 8. Harl., ^ddl. end here. 
St. 8, 1. 8. Maie] Doubtful in MS. 
St. 9, 1. 3. sinne] ex coniectura. skorne, MS. 
St. II, 1. I. childish] Doubtful in MS. 

1. 4. restles] Doubtful in MS. 
St. 12,1. I. one] ex coniectura, oni:, MS. 

1. 2. They 11] £*• coniectura. Illfgible in MS. 

XIV. 

' There is no Louer hee or shee.' 
This exists in a longer and a shorter version. Of the longer there 
are five texts. Two of these, in ^ddL MS. 1 J707j (• i^^, and T. C. D. 
MS. G. 2. 21, f. 390, are anonymous; the other three, in ^ddl. 
MS. 11433, f- 14^) -^ddl. MS. 11811, f. 47, and ^ddl. MS. 2J303, 
f. I J J^, have ascriptions toAurelian Townshend; in the last of these 
his name has been substituted for that of G. Goring. The shorter 

109 



NOTES 

version, consisting of stanzas i and 6 and portions of 3 and 4 only, 
appears in a second copy in T. C. D. MS. G. 2. 21, f. 45^, and in 
^shm. MS. ^6, £ 27^, in both cases anonymously. As far as I know, 
the poem has not been printed before. 

The text is that of ^ddl. MS. 21433, ^^^ ^ ^^'^^ collated the 
other manuscripts, which yield a few corrections. 
Title. A Paradox] Omitted in T. C. D. (both copies'). 
St. 1,1. 2. be false] befall, T. C. D. {\st cop). 

1. 4. Apostacie] Apostata, 2T4JJ, 2JJOJ, 2JJoy, T. C. D. (znd 
copy), ^shm. 

1. 4. calls] call, T. C. D. {ist copy). 

1. J. folke]folkes,//5z/, 200^,2/707, T. C. D. (ist copy), ^shm. 
1. 7. to vowes, to prayers] to prayers, to vowes, T. C. D. (^Ist 
copy). 

St. 2. Omitted by T. C. D. (znd copy). 
St. 2,1. I . fyre] life, 2jyo'j. 
1. 2. are] be, ^shm. 

1. 3. Among] amongst, T. C. D. (ijt copy). 
1. 3. nor] or, 11811, T. C. D. (1st copy), ^shm. 
1. 4. in sufferance] in sufferings, 11811. in sufferiag, T. C. D. 
(ist copy), by sufferinge, .Ashm. 

1. J. Louer] Omitted by 11811. lord, ^shm. 
1. 6. But] Save, 2jyo'J. 

1. 8. name] T. C. D. (ist copy), names. The rest. 
1. 8. wore] more, 2143], 2JjOJ. 

1. 10. hath] T. C. V.(lst copy), ^shm. had. The rest. 
St. 3, 1. 3. What ere] Whatso'ere, 11811, T. C. D. (bath copies). 
1. 3. paines] paine, T. C. D. (ist copy). 
1. 4. dares ]^ dare, 2/707. does, T. C. D. (ist copy). 
I. 4. a] to, 11811. 

1. 5. way] wayes, T. C. D. (ist copy). 
I. J. he's] is, T. C. D. (both copies). 

I. 8. them] thee, T. C. D. (md copy). 

II. 9, 10. Omitted by T. C. Z>. (znd copy). 

1. 10. make . . . Lawes] makes or marrs the Law, T. C. D. (ist 
copy), make or marr the lawes, ^shm. 
1. I o. of loue] and loue, 11811. 
no 



NOTES 

1. II. Yet] It, r. C. D. {1st copy). For, T. C. D. (md cofy). 
1. 12. This . . . this] That . . . this, 11811, 2^707. This . . . that, 
2/jOJ, r. C D. (znd copy). 

St. 4, 1. 2. ones] our, 7/5//, r. c. D. {ist copy). 
1. 2. or] nor, 2^707. 
1. 3. Societye] satietye, 2^'JO']. 
1. 4. lasts] last, 2i4}j. 
I. f . obseruation] obseruations, 214] j, 2^'jo']. 

I. %. singlie] single, 11811. 

II. J-8. Omitted by T. C. D. {xnd copy). 
1. 7. Two] For, T. C. D. (ij» copy). 

1. 8. both] Omitted by 214^], ^Si^}. 

1. 9. But] For, r. CD. {%ndcopy). 

1. 10. takes] letts, T. C. D. (md copy). 
St. J. Omitted by T. C. D. (indcopy). 
St. y, 1. I. And] Omitted by T. C. D. (ist copy). 

1. I. that] which, 11811, 2jyoj. 

1. 3. When] And, 11811, 2^70"]. 

1. 3. in others] in other, 2^jOj. the others, 2^707. anothers, 
T. C. D, (iJt cop), ^shm. 

1. y. And] If, T. C. D. (ist copy). 

1. 6. and] or, T. C. D. (ist copy). 

1. 7. this that] this which, 11811, 2yjoy. that which, -^shm. 

1. 8. kynde] mynde, 214J). 

1. 10. truejbird, r. C. D. (ist copy), doue, ^shm.y 2^707. 

1. II. that] for, 11811, 2^707, T. C. D. (ist copy), ^shm. 

I. II. past all] without, 11811. 
St. 6, 1. 2. our whole] all our, T. C. D. (md copy). 

1. J. 'tis more] but more, 2Jjoy. 

1. 6. my] this, I1811, T. C. D. (md copy), ^shm, 

XV. 



' 'Tis but a while, since in a •vestall flame.' 

;n out &ir a 
sheets as Egerton MS. z6o^ 



This is written out feir on a large sheet bound up with other loose 
, f. 6i. It is signed 'A. Tounshend ', and 



III 



NOTES 

may be a holograph, intended for presentation to Charles I. It has 
not been printed before, so far as I know. The date of composition 
can be fixed within narrow limits, by the mention of Prince Charles 
(born 29 May, 1630) and Princess Mary (born 4 November, 163 1), 
and the absence of mention of Prince James (born 14 October, 
KJ33). 

XVI. 

' What Trauelkrs of matchlesse Venice say.' 

This is the last of a book of poems on Venetia Digby, constituting 
^ddl. MS. 3015:9. The poem begins on £ 13. The last two lines 
are missing through the loss of the last leaf of the manuscript. 
They are supplied from a copy printed by H. A. Bright, Poems from 
Sir j^nelm Digby s Papers (1877), for the Roxburghe Club. This also 
supplies the signature ' A. Tounshend ' and the endorsement ' For 
the Rightly Honorable Knight S^' Kenelme Digby '. It has the title 
^n Elegy in Remembrance of the Lady Venecia Digby. In a note to 
this edition Sir G. F. Warner says that the lines are ' probably in the 
original autograph of Townsend '. The anonymous author of The 
Life of Sir Xienelm Digby (1896), 124, mentions and quotes parts of 
a copy in his possession ' in Sir Kenelm Digby 's own handwriting *. 
This has the same title as Mr. Bright's copy and the signature ' Aurelian 
Townshend '. The texts agree throughout, except that the Roxburghe 
Club edition has Lynes . . . they for Stile ... jf in 1. 21 and Stryue for 
Seekf in 1. 4^, and that the Life has helps for help in 1. 14 and and for 
a in 1. Jo. 

Venetia, Lady Digby, whose career it is not necessary here to 
recapitulate, died on May ist, 1^33, and the poem must have been 
written soon after that date. The poet referred to in 11. 17-28 is, 
of course, Ben Jonson. 

XVII. 

' Verhall Translators stickf to the bare Text.' 

This, with verses by Suckling, Carew, Davenant, Tho. Wortley, and 
Robert Stapylton, is prefixed to ' I{pmulifs and Tarytin. Translated 
by H. Ld. Cary of Lepingto. 1^38.' This is the second edition. The 

112 



NOTES 

British Museum copy (8ooj, a. z6) of the KJ37 edition, has no 
commendatory verses, but they may have been on the first sheet, 
which is mutilated. This edition has the title-page ' I^mulm and 
Tarquln. First Written in Italian By the Marques Virgilio Malvezzi : 
And now taught English by l€L.* 

XVIII. 

' The various Musicl\, both for ^ire and ^rt,' 

This, with verses by James Harington, Milton, and Fr. Sambrooke, 
is prefixed to ' Choke Psalmesfm into Musick^, for three Voices. Composed 
by Henry and William Lawes, Brothers; and Servants to his Maiestie ' 
(1648). It would seem, however, from internal evidence, to have 
been written before the death of William Lawes in September, 164J, 
probably upon the first appearance in print of the settings by the 
brothers Lawes, as an accompaniment to the translations from the 
Psalms included in George Sandys' .A Paraphrase upon the Divine 
Poems (1638). The translations themselves, without the settings, 
were first published in George Sandys' ^ Paraphrase upon the Psalms 
(1^35). 

XIX. 

' It cannot move thy friend (firm Ben) that he.' 

This is printed under ' Mr. Townsends ' name in the title in Wit 
and Drollery (i6j6), 18, together with Alexander Gill's verses be- 
ginning ' Is this your Loadstone then that must attract ', and Jonson's 
own reply, beginning ' Shall the prosperity of a pardon still '. But 
it must be very doubtful whether it is rightly credited to Aurelian 
Townshend, for it occurs also in ^shmolean MS. 38, p. y8, and is 
thus headed, ' Mr. Zoucli Townlye to mi" Ben Johnson against m^' 
Alexander Gills Verses wrighten by hym against the play called the 
Magnettick Ladye ', At the end is 'finis Zouch Townlye '. Townley 
matriculated at Christ Church in 1618, took his M.A. in i6zi, and 
became deputy Orator to the University. He has commendatory 
verses in Jonson's Poems (1640). Some lines ascribed to him are in 
Brit, Mus. ^ddl. MS. 33998, f. 42l>, and Sloane MS. 826, and are^ 
Q 113 



NOTES 

printed from the latter in Poemt and Songs relating to George yillkrs 
Duhf of Buckingham (Percy Soc. xc. 74). They begin — 

' Enioy thy bondage, make thy prison know 
Thou hast a liberty thou canst not owe,' 

and are verses of consolation to John Felton, Buckingham's popular 
murderer. It appears from S. P. Dom. Car. I, cxix. 33, as cited by 
M. Castelain, Bm Jonton, 941, that an inquiry took place, and Ben 
Jonson gave testimony to Townley's authorship of the verses, of 
which he had himself been suspected. Oddly enough, Alexander 
Gill was at the same time in trouble for drinking Felton's health. 
The Magnetic Lady was licensed by Sir Henry Herbert for the Black- 
friars on 12 October, 1632 (Malone, Variorum Shakfsfeare, iii. 231). 
I have collated the Ashmolean copy. 

1. 2,. rimes] rayles, ^shm. 

1. 6. delay] delayes, ^shm. 

1. 7. malice] Mischiei^ ^shm. 

1. II. Censure] censures, ^shm. 

1. ijf. that] who, Ashm. 

1. \6. thy] thyne, ^shm. 

1. 18. Ghosts of thy] Goste of thyne, ^shm. 

XX, 

' ^myntas, ho ! Didst thou espy, today.' 

This is amongst the commendatory verses to Clement Barksdale's 
' Nymfha Libethrts : or the Cotswold Muse, Presenting some extempore 
Verses to the imitation of yong Scholars' (i^f i). This is assigned 
to Aurelian Townshend by Mr. E. I. Carlyle in the D. IV. B., but 
there is no other trace of his existence so late as i6ji, and I suspect 
that the lines, like some other of the commendatory verses in the 
book, were written by one of Barksdale's pupils. Rowell appears to 
have been a farm belonging to Lord Chandos. S. E. Brydges, who 
edited the Nymfha Libethrit in i8i5, says that Barksdale was 
sheltered at Sudeley during the civil wars, and afterwards kept a 
private school at Hawling in the Cotswolds. 

114 



NOTES 

XXI. 

' Shee's not the fairest of her name.' 
The text is taken from flarl. MS. 3991, f. 41. There are printed 
copies in Cotgrave, JVtts Imerfreter (i<?Jj), jy, (i(?7i), 161 ; 
choke DroUetyX^^i^)} 99 C^d- Ebsworth), with the title Upon his 
Constant Mistresses Wit and Drollery (1661')^ l6z ; Oxford Drollery 
(1670)3 86j with the title '^ Song, Tune, la bouenet' ; LoyalGarland 
{l6%6\ 64 (ed. Percy Soc), with the title The Ptatonic\L<mer. The 
poem is included here, because Mr. J. W. Ebsworth, who had a large 
acquaintance with the floating verse of the seventeenth century, 
notes of it (Poems of Carew, "8), that it is ' said to have been written 
by Aurelian Townshend'. He does not, however, give any authority 
for the statement. At an earlier date, in a note on Choice Drollery 
(p. 301), Mr. Ebsworth had suggested a common authorship with 
No. xxii, and had added, ' One clue, that may hereafter guide us 
to the authorship, we know the lady's name. It was Freeman.' 
Probably he inferred this from JVlt and Drollery, where the poem is 
headed by the word ' Freeman ', as if it were a title. It is followed 
by a poem beginning ' Sure 'twas a dream, how long fond man have 
I', similarly headed ' Freemans Adieu to Love', and this by a third, 
beginning ' Fear not my Genius to unfold ', also headed ' Freeman '. 
To me this suggests, not that the lady's, but that the author's name 
was Freeman, and I take him to have been Sir Ralph Freeman, 
author oi Imfeiiale (1^39), a play in which are some neat lyrics. 

XXII. 
' '7";j not horv witty, nor how free.' 
The text is from Choice Drollery (^16 ^6'), 98 (ed. Ebsworth), corrected 
in one place (st. 3, 1. 2, ^ for ^nd') from a copy in Harl. MS. 3991, 
i. 16. The poem is printed also in Cotgrave, Wits Interpreter (^16 'y'i^, 
4 ; (1671), 108, with the title What is most to be lihfd in a Mistress, 
and therefrom by A. H. Bullen, Speculum ^mantis, 61. It is only 
included here because of Mr. Ebsworth's belief (Cfco/ce Drollery, 302) 
that it has the same author as No. xxi, which immediately follows 
it in Choice Drollery, and his subsequent identification of that author 
with Townshend (^Poems of Carew, 228). 
0^2 I 15" 



NOTES 



ALBION'S TRIUMPH. 

I have seen four copies of this mask, which represent three 
different states of the text. These are set up in the main from the 
same type, and clearly do not constitute separate editions ; I doubt 
whether bibliographers would even dignify them with the description 
of separate issues. The variants are confined to sheet C, containing 
pages (ij) to (22) of the original, and 71 to 78 of the present 
edition. They are indicated in detail in the notes, and the states 
are distinguished as I, II, and III. State I {Bodl. MaLone 187) 
contains the sheet in its earliest form. In state II {Brit. Mm. ^44. 
c. 81) a misplaced passage has been transferred to its right place, 
with a consequent change of catchword on p. (16), and a super- 
fluous comma has been eliminated. In state III (Brit. Mus. i6z. 
e. 16 and Dyce Collection, South l^msington) these changes are re- 
tained, and in addition an inadequate stage-direction and a mis- 
print are corrected on p. (19) and Townshend's name is added by 
way of signature on p. (22). Dr. W. W. Greg (Xwf of Masques, 2j) 
does not distinguish between states II and III. The text of the 
present edition was originally set up from photographs of the Bod- 
leian copy, but has been corrected in proof to represent state III. 
In all the copies except Brit. Mus. ^44. c. 8 1, the binder has occa- 
sionally clipped the text. I have made good all deficiencies due to 
this cause. I have also corrected a couple of obvious misprints, 
but I have made no attempt to remedy the obviously chaotic punc- 
tuation. The letterpress of the present line-for-line reprint is half 
an inch narrower than that of the original. 

The mask was presented as the King's mask on 8 January, 1^32, 
in Inigo Jones's Banqueting House, still standing in Whitehall. 
Contemporary letters contain the following references to it and to 
the Queen's mask of Temfe ^stored, presented on the following 
February 14. On 20 December, 163 1, Sir Thomas Edmondes 
wrote to Henry Vane (S. P. Dom. Charles I, cciv. 80) : — 

' The Duke de Vendosme, having obtained permission to return into France, 
will not stay to see either the King's or the Queen's masques, which are to be 
acted on Twelfth Day and at Shrovetide.' 

116 



NOTES 

On 12 January, 1632, John Pory wrote to Sir Thomas Puckering 
(Brit. Mus. HarUlan MS. 7000, £ 318% printed inaccurately from 
a transcript of T. Birch in The Court and Times of Charles the First, 
ii. If8):— 

• The last Sunday at night the Kinges masque was acted in the banquetting 
house, the Queens being suspended till another time, by reason of a sorenes 
which fell into one of her delicate eyes. The Inventer or Poet of this masque 
was Mr. Aurelian Townshend sometimes towards the lord Treasurer Salisbury, 
Ben Jonson being for this time discarded, by reason of the predominant powei 
of his Antagonist Innigo Jones, who this time tweluemoneth was angry with 
him for putting his owne name before his in the title-page, which Ben Jonson 
made the subject of a bitter Satyr or twee against Innigo.' 

The title-page which caused trouble between Ben Jonson and 
Inigo Jones was that of Loves Triumfh through Callifolis, presented 
on 9 January, 1631, which bore the words 'The Inuentors. Ben 
lonson. Jnigo lones '. Sir Thomas Edmondes wrote again to Henry 
Vane on i J February, 1^32 (_S. P. Dom. Charles I, ccxi. 45) : — 

'At Shrovetide this King and Queen intend going to Newmarket, which 
together with this years double masques still increases the charge.' 

It is clear that Townshend wrote the published description, as 
well as the acted words of Albion's Triumfh. P. Reyher, Les 
Masques ^n^lais, 392, 393, says that Inigo Jones took the costume 
of Concord from C. Ripa, Iconologia "vero Descrittione d' Imagini delle 
yirtu (161 1), 92, and that his designs for Albion's Triumph are 
still extant. I suppose them to be amongst the unpublished designs 
at Chatsworth. Official account-books cited by Reyher, ^30, show 
that £1,000 was advanced to Edmund Taverner and £400 to 
George Kirke to meet the expenses of the mask. 

p. J J. Titk-fage']. The dwarf S in the first line is common to all 
copies. 

p. 62, 1. 7. pleas'd] plea'd, Bodl., B.M. (both copies'), Dyee. 

p. ^3. The third Song]. This has been reprinted by F. E. 
Schelling, Seventeenth Century Lyrics ^ 26. 

p. ^9, 1. 10. scrowle] serowle, Bodl., B.M. {both cofies), Dyce. 

117 



NOT5S 

p. 723 11. 20—4] / has the fallowing, distributed over this page and 
the next, with which for a catchword : — 

' Afterward taking his seat by the Queene praysing their Piety, and wishing 
they may perpetuate themselues by a Royall Posterity, Present them with severall 
Guifts. 

The Scene is varied into a Landscipt, in which, was a prospect of the Kings 
Pallace of Whitehall, and part of the Citie of Londm, scene a farre oflF, and 
presently the whole heauen opened,' 

p. 73, 11. 23-^. Praysing . . . Guifts] Omitted here by I. 

p. 74, margin^. These notes are left whole by the binder in 
Brit. Mas. ^44. c. 8 1 alone : there are traces left in the Bodleian 
and Dyce copies, but none in Brit. Mus. 162. e. 16. 

p. 74, catchword] The, /, //. 

p. 7 J, 11. I, 2. Peace. . . Song] The seventh Song, /, II. 

p. 7y, 1. 17. Anointing] Annoiting, I, II. 

p. 78, 1. 10. AVRELIAN Tovnshend] Omitted by /, //. 



TEMPE RESTORED. 

I have seen three copies of this mask, which represent three states 
of the text. One issue only is recorded by Dr. W. W. Greg (Zwt 
of Masijues, 2 j). The variants, which are recorded in detailin the 
notes, are confined to sheets A and B ; sheet C is the same in all 
three copies. State I of sheet A is found in Brit. Mus. 6^44. c. 82, 
and in the copy in the Dyce Collection, South Kensington. State II, 
found in Bodl. Malone 221, only differs by the correction of an error 
due to the duplication of two lines on pages (j) and (6) of state I. 
Sheet B offers a more difficult problem. State I is again found in 
the British Museum copy. It contains numerous slight variants, 
which have been altered in both the other copies. These, however, 
differ between themselves, mainly as regards the position of the 
song of the Spheres. On the whole I think that the Dyce copy 
represents state II of the sheet and the Bodleian copy state III, in 
which the song has been transferred from pages (12) and (13) to 
pages (10) and (i r). I am driven to this conclusion (a) by the 
fact that the original catchword white has been retained on page 

118 



NOTES 

(u) of state IIIj where it is wrong, from state II, where it was 
right ; (6) by the fact that the catchword of state II to p. (7) has 
been corrected in state III; and (c) by the fact that the page 
number (13) has been transferred with the block of text which it 
headed in state II and appears by error for (i i) in state III. An 
attempt seems to have been made to correct the error, which has 
resulted in (11) finding itself, by a further error, where (7) should 
be. If I have got the bibliography right, it must be added that 
the change which brought state III into existence was a mistake. 
Clearly the song of the Spheres is in its right place in state II, 
after and not before the entry of those who smg it. I have there- 
fore in this respect corrected the text, which was set up for this 
edition from photographs of the Bodleian copy. The letterpress 
although a line-for-reprint, is half an inch narrower than that of the 
original. In other matters the method of editing has been the same 
as for Albion's Triumfh. In all the three copies the bottom margins 
have occasionally been clipped by the binders. 

The mask was presented as the Queen's mask at Whitehall on 
Shrove Tuesday, 14 February, 1^32. It is referred to in the letters 
quoted in the notes on Albion's Triumfh above. The verses are 
stated in the text (p. ^^') to have been written by Townshend, but 
the style in which the description is composed differs from that of 
Albion's Triumfh, and I suspect that the writer was Inigo Jones. 
P. Reyher, Les Masqms Anglais, 201, 374, regards the mask as 
perhaps the chef-d'auvre of Inigo Jones in its command of scenic 
effect, and calls attention to its indebtedness as regards literary 
motive to Baltasar de Beaujoyeulx, Salet Comique de la B^yne, faict aitx 
nofces de Monsieur le Due de loyeuse & madamoyselle de Vaudemont so, soeur 
(lySi), which was presented at the court of Henri III of France on 
I J October, i J82. The opening episode of the fiigitive from Circe 
(p. 84) follows Very closely the opening of the Balet Comique, from 
which also suggestions were doubtless taken for the intervention 
of Pallas (p. 94) and the explanation of the allegory of Circe (p. 
96) included in the description. The greater part, however, of 
the long Salet Comique finds no representation in Temfe I{estored, 
while, on the other hand, the antimasks (p. 87) and the episode 
of Harmony and the Spheres (p. 88) are not due to the model. 

119 



NOTES 

M. Reyher traces in this episode a reminiscence of Campion's Lords 
Mas\ of 1613 (ed. Bullen, 2.01), in which also Jones took part. 
Reyher, 5: 11, prints from Lord. Chamberlain's Bookf, dccxxxviii, 287, 
the following detailed account of the costume worn by the lad who 
played the Fugitive Favourite. 

A warrant for a A Warraunt to ye great Wardrobs for ye providing of these 
Habitt for Mr. parcelles following for a masqueing habit for Mr. Thomas 
Thomas Killigrcw. Killigrew one of His Majesties Pages of Honor who is to 

present the person of an enamoured Courtier in the Masque 
presented by the Queenes Majestie at Shrouetide next and that you cause them 

to bee completely fitted and furnished, vizt, 
Masqueing habit. A doublet of white Satin, Breeches of Carnation Satin 

Cloake of the same coloured Satin lined with Carnation 
coloured Plush trimmed with siluer lace : silke stockins of pearle color white 
shooes Roses and Garters of Carnation, a Hatt and a feather A falling Band with 
lace of the newest fashion Gloues Girdle and pointes sutable and such other thinges 
as shall bee requisite for that purpose, Febr. 8, 1631. 

Official account-books cited by Reyher, J30, show that £800 was 
advanced to Edmund Tavemer for the expenses of the mask. 

p. 7g. Title-page, Bakek]. The misprint for 'Baker' is common to 
all three copies. 

p. 83, 1. zo. curious] curions, B.M., Dyce, Bodl. 

p. 8j, 11. 2^-8. The . . . Then] Omitted by S.M., Dyce, in both of 
which the last three lines run : — 

The further part of the Sceane opening there appeares seated on the side of a 
f ruitfiill hill, a Sumptuous Palace, with an open Tarras before. 

In both copies the catchword is clipped off. The last two lines of the 
page are repeated as the first two lines of the next page. 

p. 8y, catchword^ Clipped in Bodl. with the comma and lower part of the 
last line. 

p. 8^, 1. 6. Circe] Ciece, B.M., Dyce, Bodl. 

p. S6, 1. 12. Madam Coniack^. Of this lady I know nothing. 

p. 8^, 1. 17. Nymphes] Nympes, B.M., Dyce, Bodl. 

p. 87.] mispaged (l l) for (7) in Bodl. 

p. 87, I. 17 — p. 88, 1. J. First . . . iSiiggw] B.M. has on p. (7) — 

7. Indians adoring their 
> Pagote. 

120 



NOTES 



I. Idoll. 

1. Hare. 

2. Hounds. 
4. Lyons. 

3. Sifes. 

and on p. (8) — 

xAn .Asse iike a Pedante^ teaching 

them Prich^song. 
6. Barbarians. 
S- Hogges. 

p. 87, catchaor£\ An, B.M. ; Fourthly, Dyce. 

p. 88, 1. 6. consisting of] Omitted by B.M. 

p. 88, 1. 16. retumes] returning, B.M. 

p. 88, 1. 19. conduct] conducts, B.M. 

p. 88, 1. 21. M™. Shep.]. It appears from the B.M. reading on 
p. 93 that the lady's full name was ' Sheperd ■■. I know nothing 
of her. 

p. 90, 1. I . Saraband] Sarabant, B.M. 

p. 90, 1. 6 — p. 91, 1. 8]. Bodl. here inserts on fp. (10) and ( 1 1) mis- 
paged (13), the passage ' The Highest Sphere . . . neuer blind' printed 
in the present edition^ foUotoing pp. (12) and (13) of B.M. and Dyce, as 
p. 92, /. y to p. 93, /. 8. The catchword to p. 91 in Modi, is white (in 
error for Stars} and that to p. 92 is much. 

p. 903 II. 6, 7. Sun . . . scene] Sunne rising, and a farre off, B.M. 

p. 90, 1. 10. Haven] Heaven, B.M. 

p, 90, catchword^ Starrs, B.M. 

p. 91, 1. 16. Chorusses^ Chorus, B.M. 

p. 91, 11. 19-21. The . . . imployed] B.M. has — 

In the descripcion of the Severall habites of the main tiasftes and Masijuers 
and Chorus with all the persons imployd, 

p. 92, 1. 3. Munificence^ Ma^ificence, B.M. 
p. 92, 11. J, 6. The . . . I,aneere'\ B.M. has — 

The Highest Sphere; Mr. Laneere represents. 

p. 92,y. 6. Mr. Laneere\. A number of members of the Lanier 
family were upon the musical establishment of Charles the First's 

121 



NOTES 

Qjurt. This was probably Nicholas Lanier, a lutenist, who was 
Master of the King's Music. 

p. 9I5 1. 16. Highest Sphere] Mr Laneere, B.M. 

p. 93, 1. 13. Harmony M>r8 Sheperd, B.M. 

p. 93, 1. 17. The eighth Sphere] Mr. Laneere, B.M. 

p. 93, 1. 21. The . . . Spheres] The Spheres, B.M. 

p. 93, catchtpord] Chorus, B.M. 

p. 94] mispaged (84) for (14) in all three cofks. 

p. 94, 1, 6. °eche spectator] euery Seer, B.M. 



122 



TABLE OF FIRST LINES 



The initials in brackfts refer to Albion's Triumph (A. T.) and 
Restored (T. R.). 



Aged man, that mowes these fields 
Among the myrtles as I walk'd (Carew or Herrick) 
Amyntas, ho ! Didst thou espy, today . 
Armes are layd by : Earely and late (A. T.) . 
Bacchus, I-acchus, fill our Brains . 
Behold ! I come not from above (A. T.) 
Bles't Payre whose prayers like Incence rise (A. T, 
Bow-bearing Gods, shoote, shoote, and hit (A. T.) 
Come not to me for scarfs, nor plumes . 
Delicate Beauty, why should you disdaine 
Dissembling Traytor, now I see the cause (T. R.) 
Frighted by Day ; And in the Night diseas'd (A. T.) 
Great Alba though eche Grande heere (A. T.) 
Happy, thrice happy is that houre (A. T.) 
Hide not thy love and myne shal bee . 
How rich is earth ? and poore the skies ? (T. R.) 
I have beene in Heav'n, I thinke . 
If any Beauty here (T. R.) .... 
It cannot move thy friend (firm Ben) that he 
It is but Instice, to torment a heart (T. R.) . 
Let not thy beauty make thee proud 
Let Souldiers fight for pay or praise 
Loaden with Wealth and Honor may (A. T.) 
Lyons, and Lambs togeather lye (A. T.) 
Not as my selfe, but as the brightest Starre (T. R.) 
Olimpian Iove to the bright Alba sends (A. T.) 
Shee 's not the fairest of her name 
Sit not secure, nor thinke in ease (A. T.) 

123 



Tempe 



PAGE 

6 

106 

50 

76 

7 

60 

74 
70 

21 
I I 

S6 
7$ 
7i 
61 
28 
93 
13 
89 

49 
94 
3 
7 
77 
7J 
88 
61 

51 

6g 



TABLE OF FIRST LINES 



PAGE 

The various Mnsick, both for Air« and Art . . * 44 

There is no Louer hee or shea . . . . -33 

Thou art so fair, and yong withall ..... j 

Thou Shepheard, whose intentive eye ..... 9 

Though regions farr devided . . . . . .18 

'Tis but a while, since in a vestall flame . . . -36 

'Tis not how witty, nor how free . . . . • • f 3 

Verball Translators sticke to the bare Text . . . -43 
Victorious beauty, though your eyes . . ... 4 

Was I a Lyon ! that am now afraid (T. R.) . . . .84 

What mak's me so vnnimbly ryse (A. T.) . . . • ^J 
What Trauellers of matchlesse Venice say . . • 3^ 

When Divine Beautie^ will vouchsafe to stoope (T. R.) . . 91 
When we were parted . . . . . . . li 

Why dost thou sound, my dear Aurelian (Carew) . . . xix 
Ye Powers Divine make roome, prepare a Seate (A. T.) . . 6i 

Ye Worthies of this He (A. T.) 71 

Your smiles are not, as other womens bee . . . .17 



Oxford : Horace Hart, Printer to the University