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Full text of "Old Masonic lodges of Pennsylvania, "moderns" and "ancients" 1730-1800, which have surrendered their warrants or affliated with other Grand Lodges, compiled from original records in the archives of the R. W. Grand Lodge, R. & A.M. of Pennsylvania, under the direction of the Committee on Library"

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Cornell University Library 
HS 537.P42S12 

Old Masonic lodges of Pennsylvania "mod 

3 1924 021 433 309 

Cornell University 

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the Cornell University Library. 

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Which Have Stjerendeeed Their Warrants or 
Affiliated with Other Grand Lodges 

Compiled from Original Records 

In the Archives of the R. W. Grand Lodge, F. & A. M. of 

Pennsylvania, Under the Direction of the 

Committee on Library 





Covering Period 1779-1791 



Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1914, in the OfiEce 

of the Librarian of Congress at Washington, D. C, 

by J. Henht Williams, R.W.G.M. 

Committee on Library 


JULIUS F. SACHSE, Librarian 

An Edition of Fifteen Hundred Copies has been 
printed, of which this is No. 203 

Press op 

The New Era Printing coupanv 

Lancaster, pa. 

HAERiSBtma, December 1, 1913. 
Hon. John Wanamaker, 

Chairman, Committee on Library. 

I have carefully examined the proof sheets of the second 
volume of the "Old Masonic Lodges of Pennsylvania," which 
has been prepared under the direction of the Committee on 
Library of the Grand Lodge, by Brother Julius F. Sachse, 
Litt.D., Librarian. This work has been carefully done, and 
opens up to the Masonic Fraternity, many of the ancient rec- 
ords in our Archives. This volume covers the Eevolutionary 
period, and if anything, is even more interesting than the first 
volume, and I hereby authorize its publication, and recom- 
mend it to the Brethren at large. 

Fraternally yours, 


HE first volume of the History of the Old Masonic 
Lodges of Pennsylvania, "Moderns and An- 
cients," from 1730 to 1800, brought us down to 
June 19, 1778, when Philadelphia was evacu- 
ated by the British, and the Stars and Stripes 
again floated over the Independence HaU. We there gave 
the story of the "Moderns" — how the Altar of Freemasonry 
was set up in Penn's Sylvan City on the Delaware in the 
year 1730 — the town then consisting of a strip of houses 
from Vine to Walnut Streets, and from the Delaware River 
to Fourth Street. It also tells the story of the Grand Lodge 
of "Modems," as presided over by Grand Masters Allen, 
Murray, Franklin, Hamilton, HopMnson, Plumstead and 
Syng and the four Subordinate Lodges under their jurisdic- 
tion, and the Provincial Grand Lodge of "Ancients" with its 
twenty Subordinate Lodges, the last warranted being the 
Military Lodge in the Seventeenth Eegiment of Foot in the 
British Army, which was granted during the British occupa- 
tion of Philadelphia in the Revolutionary War. 

The second volume begins with the reconstruction, as it 
were, of the Provincial Grand Lodge, after the British had 
passed beyond the Delaware. The vicinity of Philadelphia, 
however, for some time thereafter, was the center of military 
activity, and it was almost a year later before the city assumed 
its normal conditions. One of the first results of the situation 


JPrintedly KinnaadjJeaeocK 

Feontispeecb 01" THE Ahiman Ebzon, Pennsylvania, 1783. 
(Original plate in museum of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.) 


which our Provincial Grand Lodge cast off its foreign allegi- 
ance and emerged into the present "E. W. Grand Lodge of 
F. & A. M. of Pennsylvania, and Masonic Jurisdiction There- 
unto Belonging." 

As was the case in the compilation of the first volume, 
acknowledgments are due the E. W, Grand' Secretary, Bro. 
John A. Perry, for courtesies extended to the compiler, and 
to Bro, James M. Lamberton, Past Master of Perseverence 
Lodge, No. 21, Senior Grand Deacon and Chairman of the 
Committee on Correspondence of the Grand Lodge, for many 
valuable suggestions in the preparation of copy, and the re- 
vision of the proof. Also to Bro. Oscar Jewell Harvey, Past 
Master of Lodge No. 61, for data and illustrations relating to 
the Masonic history of Wyoming Valley. To Bro. Frederic 
Eommel, Past Master of Lodge No. 45, for facts relating to the 
early history of Pittsburg, and Bro. A. B. Andrews, of 
Ealeigh, N. C, for photograph of the North Carolina Flag, 
used to illustrate the story of Lodge No. 20, A. Y. M, in the 
North Carolina Line. 

Julius F. Sachse, 
Librarian and Curator. 

November 22, 1913. 



Lodge No. 27, A. Y. M., A. Regimental Lodge m the 

Maetland Line 53- 55 


Lodge No. 27, A. Y. M., Held at Charleston, 

South Carolina 56- 63 


Lodge No. 28, A. Y. M., A Regimental Warrant 

FOE the Pennsylvania Line 64- 65 


Pennsylvania-Union Lodge, No. 29, A. Y. M., in 

THE Pennsylvania Line 66- 77 


Lodge No. 29, A. Y. M., Held at Cambridge, 

Dorchester County, Maryland 78- 82 


Lodge No. 30, A. Y. M., Delaware Regimental 

Lodge 83-85 


Lodge No. 31, A. Y. M., Held at "Wentz's Tavern, 

Philadelphia County 86- 97 


Lodge No. 32, A. Y. M., Held at Burlington, New 

Jersey 98-108 






Lodge No. 19, A. Y. M., A Regimental Waerant 

FOR THE Pennsylvania Artillery 1-36 


Lodge No. 20, A. Y. M., Granted to the North 

Carolina Line 37- 39 


Lodge No. 23, A. Y. M., Held at Middletown, 
Monmouth County, New Jersey 

40- 42 


Lodge No. 24, A. Y. M., Held in the Town of 
Reading, Berks County, Pennsylvania . . . 

43- 47 


Lodge No. 26, A. Y. M., Held at Carlisle, 
Cumberland County, Pennsylvania . 


48- 52 


St. Andrew's Lodge, No. 1, Held at Pensacola, 
West Florida, Later at Charleston, South 
Carolina 169—183 


St. Andrew's Lodge, No. 40, A. Y. M., Held at 

Charleston, South Carolina 184-196 


Lodge No. 41, Held at the Town of Portsmouth, 

ViRGiNLi. 197-204 


Lodge No. 42, A. Y. M., Held at Savannah, 

GEORGLi. 205-222 


Lodge No. 44, A. Y. M., Held at Duck Creek Cross 

Roads, Kent County, Delaware 223-230 


Lodge No. 46, A. Y. M., Held at Reading, 

Churchtown, Ephrata, New Holland, 
Ephrata and Lititz in Pennsylvania 231-241 


Lodge No. 47, A. Y. M., The Lodge of "St. John, of 
Scotland," Held at Cape Francois, St. 
Domingo 242-250 




Lodge No. 33, Held at New Castle and at 

Cheistlana Bridge, Delaware 109-115 


Lodge No. 34, A. Y. M., Held at Talbot Coitrt 

HoxJsE, Talbot County, Maryland 116-118 


Lodge No. 35, A. Y. M., Held at Joppa, Harford 

County, Maryland 119-128 


Lodge No. 36, A. Y. M., To be Held at the Re- 
spective Cantonments of the New Jersey 
Brigade 129-135 


Lodge No. 37, A. Y. M., Held at Princess Anne, 

Somerset County, Maryland 136-139 


Lodge No. 38, A. Y. M., To be Held at Easton, 

Northampton County, Pennsylvania 140-143 


Marine Lodge, No. 38, A. Y. M., Held at Charles 

TovPN, South Carolina, or Thereabouts 144r-152 


Lodge No. 39, A. Y. M., Held at Alexandria, 

Fairfax County, Virginia 153-168 



Caelisle Lodge, Lodge No. 56, A. Y. M., Held at 

Caklisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. 327-335 


Lodge No. 57, A. T. M., Held at Newtown, Bucks 

County, Pennsylvania , 336-344 


Lodge No. 58, A. Y. M., a Militaby Lodge in the 

Aemy op The United States 345-350 


Lodge No. 63, A. Y. M., Held at Lewis Town, 

Sussex County, Delaware 351-356 

Lodge No. 64, A. Y. M., Held at Greensbueg, 

Westmoreland County, PENNSYLVANLi 357-361 

Lodge No. 65, A. Y. M., Held at the Great Bend of 
THE Susquehanna River, Luzerne County 
Pennsylvania 362-370 


St. John's Lodge, Philadelphia, "Warranted by the 

Grand Lodge of Scotland 373-377 




Lodge No. 47, A. Y. M., Union of Franco- American 
Hearts, Held at Port-Au-Peince, Island op 
St. Domingo 251-283 


Lodge No. 47, Held at "Winnsborough, South 

Carolina 284r-285 


Lodge No. 48, A. Y. M,, Held at Bedford, Bedford 

County, Pennsylvania 286-288 


Lodge No. 49, A. Y. M., Held in Moreland Town- 
ship, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania 289-292 


Lodge No. 50, A. Y. M., Held at the Sign of the 
White Horse, East "Whiteland, Chester 
County, Pennsylvania 293-301 


Lodge of St. Louis, No. 53, Held in Philadelphia. . 302-305 


Lodge No. 54, Held at the Town of Washington, 

Washington County, Pennsylvania 306-316 


Lodge No. 55, A. Y. M., Held at Huntingdon, 

Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania 317-326 

1* XV 



Ameeican Union Lodge, No. 1, Held at Marietta, 

Northwest Territory (Ohio) 378-394 


Names 395-414 

Subjects 416-427 


flDIH a?aSonic %otistfi of prnnsSglbanfa 

Vignette, Uen P»&« 3'^ 

Head Piece, New Jersey " ^^ 

Initial "I" " 40 

Head Piece, Pennsylvania " *^ 

Seal, Vietue and Silence " ^^ 

Tail Piece, Urns and Seal " 4'^ 

Head Piece, Pennsylvania " ^^ 

Seal, Friendship " ^^ 

Tail Piece, Grand Lodge of Ireland " 52 

Head Piece, Maryland " 53 

Vignette, Urn " 53 

Tail Piece, Masonic " 55 

Head Piece, South Carolina " 56 

Seal, Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania " 56 

Tail Piece, Apron " 63 

Head Piece, Mason's Arms " 64 

Initial "N" " 64 

Head Piece, Pennsylvania " 66 

Initial "A" " 66 

Tail Piece, Arms of Pennsylvania " 77 

Head Piece, Maryland " 78 

Seal, Grand Lodge of Maryland " 78 

Tail Piece, Arms of Delaware " 82 

Head Piece, Delaware " 83 

Vignette, Urn " 83 

Head Piece, Lodge No. 31 " 86 

Tavern Sign, "The Rising Sun" " 86 

Silhouette, John "Wentz " 87 

Autograph, John Wentz " 89 

Seal, Grand Lodge, 1790 " 97 

Head Piece, New Jersey " 98 

Vignette, Seal " 98 



The AxiL Seeing Bye page 1 

Head Piece, The Dawn of Freemasonry 

Seal, Ancient 

Dirge, Roslin Castle 


Sullivan's Encampment 

Autograph, Rev. William Rogers 

Fac-Simile of Title Page, 1778 

Autograph, Arthur St. Clair 

Autograph, Edward Hand 

Autograph, Thomas Procter 

Arms, Carpenter's Company 

Autograph, William Irvine 

Old Redoubt, Pittsburgh, Pa 

Autograph, Isaac Craig 

Seal, Ancient, Lodge No. 45 

Autograph, Joseph Ashton 

Autograph, Andrew Porter 

Autograph, Francis Procter 

Autograph, John D. Webster 

Autograph, Robert Porter 

Tail Piece, Flags and Urn 

Head Piece, North Carolina 
























SDlii a^aiSonfc %otist0 ot laennsfglbania 

Head Piece, Georgia page 205 

Initial "T" " 205 

Head Piece, Delaware " 223 

Arms, Delaware " 223 

Tail Piece, Urn " 229 

Tail Piece, Holt Bible " 230 

Head Piece, Pennsylvania " 231 

Seal, Lodge No. 46 " 231 

Seal, Lodge No. 46 " 241 

Head Peecb, Scotland " 242 

Vignette, St. Andrew " 242 

Fac-Simile, First Page of Petition " 243 

Fac-Simile, Signatures to Petition " 245 

Tail Piece, Masonic " 249 

Tableau, Lodge No. 47 " 250 

Head Piece, St, Domingo " 251 

Seal " 251 

Seal, St. Domingo " 255 

Title Page, Constitution op Lodge No. 89 " 265 

List of Officers, Lodge No. 89 " 266 

Tableau, Members op Lodge No. 89 " 267 

Seal, Lodge No. 98 " 270 

List, St. Domingo Lodges " 273 

Tail Piece, St. Andrew " 283 

Head Piece, South Caeouna " 284 

Vignette, Virtue and Silence " 284 

Tail Piece, Apron " 285 

Head Piece, Pennsylvania " 286 

Vignette, Masonic < ' 286 

Head Piece, Apron Lodge No. 49 " 289 

Initial "T" " 289 

Tail Piece, Corn, Oil and Wine " 292 

Head Piece, Lodge No. 50 " 293 



Head Piece, Delawaeb page 109 

Seal, Lodge No. 33 " 109 

Tail Piece, Light " 115 

Head Piece, Maryland " 116 

Initial "0" " 116 

Head Piece, Mabyland " 119 

Seal, Joppa Lodge " > 119 

Tail Piece " 128 

Head Piece, New Jersey " 129 

Vignette, Urn " 129 

Tail Piece, Apron " 135 

•Head Piece, Maryland " 136 

Initial "A" " 136 

Seal, London Grove No. 11 " 139 

Head Piece, Bucks County " 140 

Seal, Virtue and Silence " 140 

Seal, Loge L'Amenite " 143- 

Head Piece, South Carolina " 144 

Vignette, Masonic " 144 

Seal, Sublime Scotch Lodge " 145 

Tail Piece, Masonic " 152 

Head Piece, Virginia " 153 

Seal, Lodge No. 39 " 153 

Fac-Simile, Washington's Letter, Lodge 39 " 158 

Fac-Simile, Lodge Notice of Lodge No. 39 " 163 

Arms, E Pluribus Unum " 168 

Head Piece, Florida " 169 

Seal, Grand Lodge of Scotland " 169 

Arms, England " 183 

Seal, St. Andrew's Lodge No. 40 " 192 

Head Piece, Virginia " 197 

Vignette, Masonic " 197 

Seal, Lodge No. 41 " 204 



Vignette, Militaby page 293 

Head Piece, France 

Aems, Pennsylvania 

Head Piece, Pennsylvania 

Initial ""W" 

Seal, Grand Lodge PENNSYLVANii, 1790. 

Head Piece, Apron Lodge No. 55 


Seal, Lodge No. 46 

Head Piece, Lodge No. 56 

Tavern Sign, Cross Keys 

Head Piece, Bucks County 

Initial "T" 

Seal, Carlisle Lodge No. 56 

Head Piece, U. S. Arms 

Vignette, Military 

Tail Piece, Urn 

Head Piece, Lodge No. 63 

Arms, Delaware 

Tail Piece, Urn 

Head Piece, Greensburg Lodge 

Tavern Sign, "Brown Bear" 

Tail Piece, "Masonic" 

Head Piece, Lodge No. 65 

Arms, Pennsylvania 

Tail Piece, Columns 

Head Piece, Philadelphia 

Seal, Grand Lodge op Scotland 

Tail Piece, Masonic Temple 

Head Piece, Flags 

Seal, State op Ohio 



Masonic Ceetificate of Bro. Bphbiam 

HowAED, JOPPA Lodge, 1764 facing page 119 

Rev, Bed. Andrew Huntee " " 129 

Beo. Geoege "Washington, CHROMOTYPE " " 153 

Bro. EusHA CuLLEN Dick " " 157 

Memorial op 31st Regiment op Foot " " 172 

Templae Certificate, Mt. Moeiah Lodge, 

No. 2 " " 175 

Masonic Royal Aech and Templae Cee- 
tificate Geanted by St. Andrew's 

Lodge, No. 1 " " 180 

Warrant, Grand Orient at Portsmouth, 

ViEGIOTA " " 203 

Cape Feancois, St. DoMESTGO " " 242 

Port-au-Prince, St. Domingo " " 251 

Meeting Places OP Lodges Nos. 88 AND 95 . . " " 270 
La Villb du Port de Paix and La Villb 

DES Cayes " " 274 

The Sign op the White Horse, Lodge 

No. 50 " " 293 

Petition for Warrant, Lodge No. 50, fac- 
simile between pages 296-297 

Ancient Apron, Lodge No. 50 facing page 300 

Masonic Lodge Certificate, Lodge No. 56. . " " 327 

Royal Arch Certificate, Lodge No. 56 " " 328 

Templar Certificate, Lodge No. 56 " " 333 



"Washington's Masonic Apeon, chromottpe. . . .Frontispiece 
Thatendanega saving Capt. McKinstert. .facing page 4 

Battle at "Wyoming " " 6 

Eev. William Rogers, D.D " " 9 

Original Stone Marking Graves op Bros. 

Davis AND Jones AT "Wilkesbabee " " 12 

Memorial Eeected in 1896, neae Laurel 

Run " " 13 

Beo. John Sullivan " " 14 

Beo. ELLis Dayton " " 18 

Masonic Certificate op Bro. Thomas 

Procter " " 23 

Masonic Certificate op Br«. "William 

Thorn op Lodge No. 45 " " 33 

Flag Caeeied by the Noeth Caeolina 

Beetheen dueing the Revolution, 

cheomotype " " 37 

Beo. "William Polk " " 38 

Petition poe "Waeeant Lodge No. 27, pac- 

simile letween pages 52-53 

Beos. Moedecai Gist and Otho H. "Wil- 
liams facing page 54 


iaDIb a^ttjSonic 3LotiSt& ot ^tnn&igltmia 

down to us. As stated in the preface to our oldest Minute 
Book, the Minutes prior to July 29, 1779, "were either mis- 
laid or carried away by some enemies to the Royal art, during 
the confusions of the War." 

This was the second regimental Warrant issued by the Grand 
Lodge of Pennsylvania, and was granted for a Lodge in the 
Pennsylvania Artillery, and given the Number 19 on the 
Roster. It, however, was the first Warrant of that character 
to be regularly issued by the Provincial Grand Lodge of 
Pennsylvania. By a strange coincidence, it was also the first 
Military Lodge of the "Ancients" to be connected with the 
Continental Army.^ 

The other Lodge to be so connected was the American 
Union Lodge, No. 1, warranted by the Grand Lodge of Massa- 
chusetts, "Moderns," February 15, 1776, some of whose 
papers, with a copy of their original Warrant, are now in the 
Archives of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.^ 

The first regimental Warrant issued by the Provincial Grand 
Lodge of Pennsylvania was during the British occupation of 

' There were no less than ten military Lodges working under regi- 
mental Warrants in the Continental Army, viz.: 

1. St. John's Eegimental Lodge in the United States Battalion, July 
24, 1775, warranted by the old Provincial Grand Lodge of New York, 
' ' Moderns. ' ' 

2. American Union Lodge, February 15, 1776, in the Connectieut Line, 
warranted by the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, "Moderns." 

4. Washington Lodge, in the Massachusetts Line, October 6, 1779, 
warranted by the Massachusetts Grand Lodge, ' ' Ancients. ' ' 

Under the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, "Ancients" — 

3. No. 19, Pennsylvania Artillery, May 18, 1779. 

5. No. 20, North Carolina Line, 1779. 

6. No. 27, Maryland Line, April 4, 1780. 

7. No. 28, Pennsylvania Line, 1780. 

8. No. 29, Pennsylvania Line, July 27, 1780. 

9. No. 30, Hiram Delaware Regiment. 

10. No. 36, New Jersey Line, March 26, 1781. 
»MSS., Vol. L, paquet 73, folio 11-24. 









'HE first Masonic "Warrant 
granted in Pennsylvania 
after the evacuation of 
Philadelphia by the British forces, 
in June, 1778, was a "Regimental 
Warrant for the Pennsylvania Ar- 
tillery, in the Service of the 
United States." It bore the date 
May 18, 1779. The immediate cir- 
cumstances under which this War- 
Irant was granted are not definitely known, as no Minutes or 
records of the Grand Lodge covering that period have come 

2 1 

down to us. As stated in the preface to our oldest Minute 
Book, the Minutes prior to July 29, 1779, "were either mis- 
laid or carried away by some enemies to the Royal art, during 
the confusions of the War." 

This was the second regimental Warrant issued by the Grand 
Lodge of Pennsylvania, and was granted for a Lodge in the 
Pennsylvania Artillery, and given the Number 19 on the 
Roster. It, however, was the first Warrant of that character 
to be regularly issued by the Provincial Grand Lodge of 
Pennsylvania. By a strange coincidence, it was also the first 
Military Lodge of the "Ancients" to be connected with the 
Continental Army.^ 

The other Lodge to be so connected was the American 
Union Lodge, No. 1, warranted by the Grand Lodge of Massa- 
chusetts, "Moderns," February 15, 1776, some of whose 
papers, with a copy of their original Warrant, are now in the 
Archives of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.^ 

The first regimental Warrant issued by the Provincial Grand 
Lodge of Pennsylvania was during the British occupation of 

^ There were no less than ten military Lodges working under regi- 
mental Warrants in the Continental Army, viz.: 

1. St. John's Eegimental Lodge in the United States Battalion, July 
24, 1775, warranted hy the old Provincial Grand Lodge of New York, 
' ' Moderns. ' ' 

2. American Union Lodge, February 15, 1776, in the Connecticut Line, 
warranted by the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, "Moderns." 

4. Washington Lodge, in the Massachusetts Line, October 6, 1779, 
warranted by the Massachusetts Grand Lodge, ' ' Ancients. ' ' 

Under the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, "Ancients" — 

3. No. 19, Pennsylvania Artillery, May 18, 1779. 

5. No. 20, North Carolina Line, 1779. 

6. No. 27, Maryland Line, April 4, 1780. 

7. No. 28, Pennsylvania Line, 1780. 

8. No. 29, Pennsylvania Line, July 27, 1780. 

9. No. 30, Hiram Delaware Eegiment. 

10. No. 36, New Jersey Line, March 26, 1781. 
" MSS., Vol. L, paquet 73, folio 11-24. 



Philadelphia, 1777-1778, and was granted to the British 17th 
Eegiment of Foot, to replace their Scotch Warrant, lost at 
the Battle of Princeton, January, 1777. It bore the Number 
18 upon the Pennsylvania roster, and its story has been fully 
told in the last chapter of volume one of this work.* 

It was during this unsettled period above mentioned, both 
Masonic and political, that Col. Procter's regimental Warrant 
was granted. The center valleys of Pennsylvania, during the 
year 1778, had been overrun by the hordes of the Loyalists 
and their Indian allies of the British under Butler* and 
Brant;** houses had been burned; settlers killed, and women 

'Vol. I, chapter XXV, pp. 361-389. 

* Col. John" Butler, of Tryon, now Montgomery County, N. T. At the 
breaking out of hostilities, he commanded a regiment of New York 
militia, and entered at once into the military service of the Crown. He 
commanded the sixteen hundred incarnate fiends who desolated Wyoming, 
Pennsylvania. The outrages which were perpetrated by Butler's corps 
cannot be related here. He was attainted during the contest, by the Act 
of New York, and his property confiscated. Cf. Sabin's "Loyalists of 
the American Revolution," Vol. 1, p. 278. 

"Joseph Brant (Thayendanega, the Mohawk Indian) was a man of 
considerable culture and education. He was a religious man and a, 
consistent Freemason, having been initiated at London, April 26, 1776. 
His certificate was signed by James Heseltine, Grand Secretary of the 
Grand Lodge of England, ' ' Moderns. ' ' He let no opportunity pass o£ 
saving the life or liberty of any Brother Mason, if withiu his power. 
The case of the American, Major Wood, is a matter of history; also 
that of Capt. John McKinstrey. In 1783, after the Revolution, Brant, 
with the loyal Mohawks, settled in Canada, where he built the first 
Protestant church in either Upper or Lower Canada. 

In nearly all histories it has been asserted that this celebrated Mohawk 
Indian chieftain was the Indian leader at Wyoming. He himself always 
denied any participation in this bloody expedition, and his assertions 
were corroborated by the British officers. In the subsequent wars upon 
the northwestern frontier, Brant and other individual chiefs were upon 
the warpath until Gen. Wayne's treaty with the northwestern tribes put 
an end to Brant's ambitious designs. 

After the close of the war. President Washington adopted the policy 
of attaching the Indians to the interests of the United States, and, at 
the same time, of persuading them to exchange the savage state for one 


and children carried off captives. These outrages had culmi- 
nated in what is known as "the Battle of "Wyoming." To 
punish the Indians for these atrocities, an expedition was 
planned under Gen. Sullivan against the Six Nations of 
Indians. Bro. Procter, with his artillery, was detailed to join 
this expedition. Strange as it may seem, upon the very day 
that this regimental "Warrant was granted (May 18, 1779), 
Bro. Procter, the "Warrant Master,' was commissioned by Con- 
gress, as "Colonel of Artillery in the Army of the United 

Upon the day after the granting of both Warrant and com- 
mission, Bro. Procter, with his warrant, left for Easton, where 
he joined Gen. Sullivan, the commander of the proposed 
expedition, upon the following day. May 20, 1779. 

During the previous month a small company of soldiers, 
under the command of Major Prowell, was sent out to re- 
inforce the garrison at "Wyoming and relieve the distressed 

of civilization. Audiences were given to various Indian chiefs. The 
greatest difficulty of the government was to induce Joseph Brant 
(Thayendanega) to come to Philadelphia. It was, however, accom- 
plished by the aid of Bro. Col. Thomas Procter, who arrived in the 
City with the redoubtable Indian chief on "Wednesday evening, June 20, 
1792, the meeting with Washington taking place upon the next day. 

The present writer has not been able to verify the tradition that Bro. 
Joseph Brant attended a Masonic Lodge in Philadelphia during his 
stay in the City ; but, being in charge of Col. Procter, it is quite probable 
that they sat together within the tyled portals of a Philadelphia Lodge. 

Vide "Pennsylvania-German in the Eevolutionary War, 1775-1783," 
by H. M. M. Eichards, Lancaster, 1908; "Hazard's Eegister," Vol. 
XIV, pp. 73, et seq.; "Pennsylvania Historical Collection," by Sherman 
Day, pp. 317, 438-9; Stone's "Life of Brant"; "Washington After the 
Eevolution," W. S. Baker, 1896; Dunlop's American Daily Advertiser, 
June 21, 1792. 

«The name of the Colonel of the Pennsylvania artillery has almost 
invariably been spelled Proctor in historical, military and Masonic 
documents. The proper spelling of his name, however, is Procter. This 
spelling is followed throughout this work. Vide autograph on page 23, 


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inhabitants in that section. When they were about three and 
a half miles from their goal an advance detachment was am- 
bushed, and Capt. Joseph Davis and Lieut. William Jones, 
two officers who were brother Masons, together with Corporal 
Butler and four privates, were scalped, tomahawked and 
speared by the savages. The bodies were left upon the ground 
by the Indians, and later buried by their surviving comrades.'' 

Two months later (June 23, 1779), when Gen. Sullivan with 
the main body of the army passed the spot (according to the 
diary of Chaplain William Rogers),* two boards had been 
fixed at the spot where Davis and Jones fell. 

Over the grave of Bro. Davis there was set up a piece of 
board, bearing these words, written with a piece of charred 
wood: "The place where Capt. Davis was murdered by the 
savages, April 23, 1779." At the grave of Bro. Jones there 
was also placed a board, which was smeared with his blood, 
and had inscribed upon it: "The blood of Lt. Jones." 



" In passing this- Melancholy Vale, a universal gloom appeared 
on the countenances of both officers and men without distinction, 
and from the eyes of many, as by a sudden impulse, dropped the 
sympathizing tear Colonel Procter, out of respect to the deceased, 

'Fide "History of Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania," 
■fay Bro. Oscar Jewell Harvey, A.M., Wilkesi-Barre, 1909, Volume II, 
p. 1167. 

'Fide i6id., p. 1182, also "Journals of Sullivan's Military Expedi- 
tion," Albany, 1887, p. 248. 


Cncamptmnt ot Winominu 

SDltt 9^a0onit fLotge^ at p^nmEf^Ibanfa 

ordered the music to play the tune of 'Roslin Castle/ the soft and 
moving notes of which, together with what so forcibly struck the 
eye, tended greatly to fill our breasts with pity, and to renew our 
giief for worthy departed friends and brethren."'"- 

The next day being St, John the Baptist's Day, and the 
whole army encamped on the shores of the Susquehanna, the 
Masonic Brethren assembled at Col. Procter's quarters on the 
bank of the river below the bend, within the present limits 
of the Tenth "Ward of Wilkes-Barre, almost, if not exactly, on 
the spot where, twenty years before, the Indian village of 
Teedyuseung had been" situated. A Masonic Lodge was opened 
in Procter's marquee, under his Pennsylvania regimental 
Warrant No. 19. Thus was the first Masonic Lodge erected 
in the central valleys of Pennsylvania, June 24, 1779. 

After the Lodge was closed Rev. William Rogers,* the 

"■"Koslin Castle" was always played by the military bands when a 
dead soldier was borne to his grave. After the reading of Washington's 
Farewell Address to the army in 1783, the bands struck up "Eoslin 
Castle, " and as the mournful strains lingered on the air the soldiers broke 
ranks for the last time. Vide "History of Lodge No. 61, F. & A. M.," 
by Oscar Jewell Harvey, Wilkes-Barre, 1897, p. 22. 

The castle of Boslin is an ancient ruin near Edinburgh, Scotland. It 
was the seat of the St. Clair family, Lords of Roslin. Sir Walter Scott 
refers to it in one of his poems. 

• Bro. William Eogers was born in Newport, E. I., July 22, 1751. He 
was the first student entered in Brown University. He graduated in 
1769, and in May, 1772, was ordained Pastor of the First Baptist Church 
in Philadelphia, then in La Grange Place, a narrow court on the west 
side of Second Street below Arch Street. He continued in charge until 
March, 1776, when he was appointed sole Chaplain of three battalions of 
Pennsylvania foot, and in January, 1778, was appointed Brigade Chaplain 
of the Continental Army, and as such preached the sermon on St. John 's 
Day, June 24, 1779, although not yet a member of the Fraternity. Eev. 
Eogers was made a Mason shortly afterwards in Procter's Military 
Lodge, and became an active Mason. Bro. Eogers continued as Brigade 
Chaplain of the Continental Army until June, 1781. In 1780 Tale, and 
in 1786 Princeton, made Bro. Eogers a Master of Arts. After his resig- 
nation from the army, and his return to Philadelphia, he took an active 
interest in Masonic affairs, and on September 19, 1786, petitioned Lodge 




^tmotial &nbittfi 

Brigade Chaplain (who was not then a Mason) , by invitation 
of the W. M. Bro. Procter, read to the assembled Brethren the 

eUc^^^t^ P ^ . Crul^ '^1 

^a.^^777^ Pc^.V/tf/ ^Ul^^-^"^ 

sermon which had been preached on the previous St, John 
the Evangelist's Day, December 27, 1778, in Christ Church, 
Philadelphia, by the Eev. William Smith, Grand Secretary 
of the Provincial Grand Lodge, and previously Grand Chap- 
lain of the old Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, "Moderns." 

No. 3 for membership, as stated in their minutes — ^"A Petition was 
received from Brother Eogers an Ancient York Mason, soliciting to 
become a member of this Lodge." He was admitted to membership, 
October 17, 1786. 

At the Washington memorial services held by the Pennsylvania So- 
ciety of the Cincinnati, Saturday, February 22, 1800, in the German 
Eeformed Church, Race Street below Fourth, Philadelphia, Bro. Rogers 
delivered the prayer. This was afterwards published by "particular 
request. ' ' 

In December, 1803, Bro. Eogers was appointed Chaplain of the Grand 
Lodge, an of^ce which he held consecutively until 1824, the year of his 
death. At the dedication of the Masonic Hall on Chestnut Street, north 
side, between Seventh and Eighth Streets, at St. John 's Lutheran Church 
on Eace Street below Sixth Street, Eev. Bro. Eogers offered the prayer 
and gave the benediction. He performed the same service in Zion Church, 
corner of Fourth and Cherry Streets, November 1, 1820, when the build- 
ing was re-dedicated after the destruction by Are, March 9, 1819. 

This prayer and benediction was printed, together with an address by 
T. B. Freeman before Hiram Lodge, No. 81, June 23, 1821. 

Bro. William Rogers was the last surviving Chaplain of the Revolu- 
tion. He was one of the original members of the Society of the Cincin- 
nati. He lived at No. 198 (old number) Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. 
He was a man of middle stature, and in his habits and manners was 
more than ordinarily refined. He died April 7, 1824, aged 73, and was 
buried in the church yard adjacent to the church. 

The Society of the Cincinnati was particularly invited to attend the 
funeral of their late fellow member, the Rev. Dr. Eogers, and the clergy 
of the City were also particularly invited to attend. 


This sermon had been preached by the Rev. Dr. Smith in 1778 
in the presence of General Washington, and afterwards 
printed and dedicated to him. It was one of these printed 
copies which was used by the Eev. Dr. Rogers upon this 

The text of this sermon was from 1 Peter II 16: "As free, 
and not using your liberty for a cloak of maliciousness, but 
as the servants of God." 

Toward the close of July, 1779, orders were issued for the 
army to break camp at Wyoming.^^ Before leaving the valley 
the Brethren resolved to give the two Brethren, slain during 
the previous April, a Masonic burial in consecrated ground. 

On the 28th of July, the Brethren of Col. Procter's Lodge, 
accompanied by the regimental band, proceeded to the moun- 
tain brow, where the graves of the slain were opened, the 
bodies raised with untold ceremonies and conveyed down the 
vaUey, in readiness for the services set for the next day.^^ 

The following account of this, the first Masonic funeral held 
in the Wyoming Valley, was prepared at the time by a Brother 
and forwarded to John Carter, Esq., of Providence, R. I., who 
published it on Saturday, September 18, 1779, in his Provi- 
dence Gazette and County Journal: 

"Wyoming, July 31st, 1770. On Thursday last, the 28th inst., 
agreeable to previous determination, the bodies of our Brethren 
Capt. Joseph Davis and Lieut. William Jones, who were massacred 
by the savages near this Post on the 23rd of April last, were rein- 
terred. This mark of respect we thought necessary for the follow- 
ing reasons : It being expressive of our esteem, and their not being 
buried in the proper grave-yard." 

" Copy in Grand Lodge Library. 

"Tor an extended account of Sullivan's Expedition, vide Diary of 
Sergt. Maj. George Grant of 3d New Jersey Eegt., in "Hazard's Eeg- 
ister," Vol. XIV, pp. 72 et seq. 

^Cf. Harvey's "History of Lodge No. 61, 1". & A. M.," before 
quoted, p. 24. 


^ftmon for tit TStnttit ot t^t ^oot 



Christ-Church, PHILADELPHIA* 
[For the Benefit of The POOR] 


o r 


O P T H E 


On Monday December 28, 177?. 

Celebrated, agreeable to their Con(Ht0fioA» 
as the Anniverfary of 

St. JOHN THE Evangelist. 

Pjovoft of the College and Ac«deniy of Philadelphia. 

Pbinted sr JOHN DUNLAP. 




The form of procession, being fixed on by Lodge No. 19, was 
as follows: 

24 Musketeers with reversed arms 

2 Tylers bearing their swords 

A band of music 

2 Deacons with wands 

2 Brethren bearing Orders 

The Holy Bible and Book of Constitutions 

supported by two Brethren 

The Reverend Brethren 

The Worshipful Master, with the Hon. Maj. Gen'l Sullivan 

Senior and Junior Wardens bearing their Columns 

The Treasurer and Secretary 

Past Masters 

The Brethren, two and two 

Brothers of the Army, two and two 

2 corps of drums ( muffled) and fifes, playing a solemn dirge. 

"The Brethren were neatly clothed, with jewels, etc., and were 
in numbers odds of one hundred and fifty. Just as we arrived at 
the grave, an exceedingly heavy gust of rain coming up prevented the 
delivery of a discourse which had been prepared for the occasion by 
Brother [sic] Eogers. A short prayer being by him offered up," 
we then committed their bodies in Masonic form to the dust; after- 
wards three volleys of small arms were discharged. The Brother- 
hood were attended by the Pennsylvania Infantry, commanded by 
Colonel Hubley, as likewise by a great concourse of people, — ^both 
inhabitants and soldiery. The melancholy scene was closed with that 
decorum usual among the Brethren, and the satisfaction of all the 

" Here the remains of the two Brethren rested in the old Wilkes- 
Barre graveyard for 88 years, until 1867, when, in view of the fact that 
the ground was to be abandoned as a place of interment, it was decided 
by the Brethren of Lodge No. 61, F. & A. M., to remove them to HoUen- 
back Cemetery. This was accomplished on June 24, 1867, with imposing 
ceremonies, both military and Masonic. For a full account of these 
ceremonies, vide "History of Wilkes-Barre, " Vol. II, pp. 1198-1199, 
before quoted. 

In the summer of 1896 Mrs. Martha (Bennett) Phelps, of Wilkes- 
Barre, caused to be erected, at her expense, on her property on Wilkes- 
Barre Mountain, a substantial stone monument to mark the site where 
the above two Brethren fell. Vide Harvey. 


•'"■ *> /■• '^ ^ ^ • ^ '-^ ^ :-^ r* 

r-'<-.7 l}%r ij/i' 

t' t r p I f I 





fbttbitt^ at mosa Point 

bystanders. A stone being prepared by our Brethren, Forest" and 
Story," with a suitable inscription, was fixed at the head of their 

Two days after these burial ceremonies General Sullivan 
and his army left Wyoming. 

As before stated, the sermon prepared for the occasion by 
Rev. Dr, Rogers could not be delivered on account of a heavy 
downpour of rain. 

After the expedition was encamped at Tioga Point, the Rev. 
Dr. Rogers preached the funeral sermon in "Masonic form," 
Wednesday, August 18, 1779, at the request of the Military 
Lodge No. 19. The text chosen was from Job VII 7: "Oh! 
remember that my life is wind."" In his diary Bro. Rogers 
states : 

"At eleven o'clock A.M. preached a sermon at our encampment 
in commemoration of the death of Captain Davis and Lieutenant Jones, 
vide observations of Thursday, July 29. Present General Sullivan" 

"Thomas Forrest, commissioned Captain in the Pennsylvania artillery 
battalion commanded by Major Procter, October 5, 1776; promoted 
Major, Pennsylvania State Eegiment of Artillery (Procter's), February 
5, 1777; promoted Lieutenant Colonel, December 2, 1778; resigned from 
the service, October 7, 1781; member of Congress, 1819-23; died in 
Germantown, Pa., March 20, 1825, aged eighty-three years. 

"'Samuel Story was an Englishman who joined the American army 
after the British evacuated Philadelphia, and was commissioned Third 
Lieutenant in the Pennsylvania state regiment of artillery, commanded 
by Colonel Procter. Later he was promoted Second Lieutenant, and May 
13, 1779, he was promoted First Lieutenant. He was appointed Adjutant 
of the regiment, February 13, 1780, and was promoted Captain-Lieutenant, 
October 7, 1781. He died in service in South Carolina, October 4, 1782. 

""In Memory of Capt. J. Davis of the 11th Penna. Eegt., also Lieut. 
William Jones, who were massacred by the savages on their march to 
the relief of the distressed inhabitants of Wyoming, April 23, 1779." 
Erected by the Brotherhood, July 25, the same year (1779). 

"Cf. "History of Lodge No. 61, F. & A. M.," before quoted, p. 26. 

"Gen. John Sullivan was a Mason previous to the Revolution; he 
later became the first Grand Master of New Hampshire. 


SDlti SS^a&onit %ortst& of ^mn&nltmia 

and family; General Maxwell" and family; the 11th Pennsylvania 
regiment, artillery; members of Lodge No. 19, with many other gen- 
tleman of the army."" 

The results of this expedition and the part taken therein 
by Col. Procter and his artillery are well known. The 
strongholds of the Indians were broken, and henceforth the 
safety of the settlers was assured. 

Col. Thomas Procter, commander of the Pennsylvania 
Artillery regiment, who was named in the "Warrant as Master 
of the New Lodge, was one of the most prominent Free- 
masons of that day. At the time when this "Warrant was 
applied for, he was Worshipful Master of Lodge No. 2, in 
Philadelphia. He resigned his office as Master, June 8, 1779, 
but not his membership in Lodge No. 2, "being under the 
necessity of leaving the city with his regiment." The Mili- 
tary Lodge No. 19, under the guidance of Col. Procter as 
"Worshipful Master, became an active body, dispensing Masonic 
light in the army, wherever stationed, among the officers of 
different regiments. We know that Lodges were held in the 
wilderness under Sullivan, also at Pittsburgh, and later at 
Easton, Northampton County, Pa., where it is stated that Col. 
Procter "has opened his military warrant in this Town,"^^ 
and in divers other places. 

Col. Procter as a soldier was brave, devoted, zealous and 
determined, occasionally stubborn. His unreasonable Irish 

^ General William Maxwell, of New Jersey. 

™ C/. " The Pennaylvania-German in the Eevolutionary War, 1775- 
1783," by H. M. M. Eicharda, p. 317; Pennsylvania Magazine of History, 
Vol. 4, pp. 462-469; Hayden's "Washington and his Masonic Com- 
peers," pp. 333-335, Proceedings of the Pennsylvania-German Society, 
Vol. XVII. 

" Vide petition for a Warrant for holding a Lodge at Easton, MSS., 
Vol. F, paquet 71, folio 11. 


B. FEBRUARY 17, 1740; D. JULY 23, 1795. 


Col, ptoctet*0 SDemanlifif 

temper frequently made trouble for him. One incident in his 
career will suffice to show this. 

Upon the occasion of the detail of his regiment to General 
Sullivan's command in the expedition against the Indians, 
Procter demanded of President Reed new uniforms for a por- 
tion of his regiment, and at the same time insisted upon 
his officers wearing their original provincial uniforms, blue, 
although the regulation colors for American Continental artil- 
lery were black and red. President Eeed entertaining, as may 
be surmised, no very kindly feeling for Procter, on account 
of the dictatorial and independent manner in which it was 
his custom to demand supplies from the State, reported this 
breach of discipline to both Washington and St. Clair. So 
well did these officers know Procter, that they deemed it best 



to make this concession. St. Clair writes to Reed: "The uni- 
forms of Procter's officers are blue, the General consents to 
it this year, but hereafter they must conform in uniform, as 
to color, to the corps they are in."^^ 

Unfortunately no official records or Minutes of this Lodge 
have thus far been found, and the story here presented is 
gleaned from the meager notices in the Minutes of the Grand 
Lodge and the fragmentary papers in the Archives. What 
few names we have of the Brethren of the original Lodge No. 
19 are gleaned from these papers, and show the kind of ma- 
terial composing this Military Lodge, which followed the 
vicissitudes of Washington and the Continental Army. 

" Vennsylvania Magazine of History, Vol. 4, p. 464. 


The present writer, however, has been unable to verify the 
current statements that "Col. Thomas Procter was at the 
camp at Morristown, N. J., during the winter of 1779-1780," 
and that "he was succeeded in the Oriental Chair by Gen. 
Edward Hand."^* Had Col. Procter been present upon that 
occasion, he would certainly have attended the Lodge meetings 
and been one of the signers to the celebrated address, issued 
at Morristown, N. J., February 2, 1780, having for its object 

„xi^,<^^^ ■^>z^>«e^-> 

the election of Gen. Washington as General Grand Master of 
the United States.^* 

Col. Procter, when in the vicinity of the City, and as oppor- 
tunity offered, represented his Lodge at the Communications 
of the Grand Lodge. Thus the first official notice we have of 
Lodge No. 19 is at the Grand Lodge of Emergency, held 
February 10, 1780, when Col. Thomas Procter, Master of the 
Kegimental Lodge No. 19, and acting Junior Grand Deacon, 
"generously paid, as an acknowledgment to this Grand Lodge, 
150 Pounds, the receipt of which is acknowledged by the 
Grand Treasurer. Bro. Procter also offer 'd very satisfactory 

™" History of Montgomery Lodge, No. 19," by A. H. Morgan, Lan- 
caster, 1887, pp. 25-27. This is probably an error, as no record sub- 
stantiating this statement can be found. — J. F. S. 

"*!Por a full account of this incident, vide: "Freemasonry in Penn- 
sylvania, 1727-1907," as shown by the Eecords of Lodge No. 2, F. and 
A. M., of Philadelphia, from the year A. L. 5727, A. D. 1727. Compiled 
from original sources by Norris S. Barratt, Past Master Lodge No. 2, 
and Julius F. Sachse, Past Master Lodge No. 91, Philadelphia, 1908, 
Vol. I, Chapter XII, pp. 399 et seq. Also "Origin of Masonry in the 
State of New Jersey," Trenton, N. J., 1870, pp. xviii-xxii. 


^a&onit Cctti6cate0 

reasons for not attending the last general Quarterly Com- 
munication, having been detained by business of a public 

December 18, 1780. At the Grand Quarterly Communica- 
tion, "Col. Procter, Mast'r of No. 19, reports that agreeable to 
order he has install'd the Officers of the New Military Lodge, 
No. 29, held among the Brethren of the Pennsylvania Line, 
but having been some time from his own Lodge, it is not of his 
power to make the proper returns at present. ' ' 

During the year 1780 the following certificates of member- 
ship were issued to the Brethren named : 

"Bear Sir 

"The bearer hereof, Lt. John Kean, waits on you to receive Mr. 
Thos. Armstrong's Certificat. You will please to issue the same and 

"your Hbl. Servt. 
"Thos. Procter. 
"Master No. 19." 

" To Eevd. De. Smith 
" Grand Secretary." 
" These are to Certifle that Mr. Thos. Armstrong A. Q. M., is a 
regular registered Member of Lodge No. 19, under the Eegistry of 
the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania and that he has during his stay 
amongst us behaved as become a Worthy Br., and recommend him 
for a Grand Certificate." 

"Thos. Procter 
"Master No. 19." 

"Feby. 4th 1780." 

"We do certify that Brother John Van Anglon is a regular Reg- 
istered Master Mason of Lodge No. 19 of the State of Pennsylvania 
and has during his Stay Amongst us behaved himself as become an 

* MSS., Vol. J, paquet 55, folio 48. 


Honest & "Worthy Brother & do Eeeommend him to the Right "Wor- 
shipful grand Lodge as such for their Certificate." 
" Given under our Hands at 

"Philadelphia 13th April, 1780. 
"Thos. Peocter, Master 
" Isaac Craig, S. W. 
" F. Procter, J. W." 
"P. Duffle 

Secretary P. T." 

" "We do Certify That the following Brethren are regularly Regis- 
ter'd Master Masons of Lodge No. 19 under the Grand "Warrant of 
Pennsylvania, Viz.: General, "William MaxweU, Col. Elias Dayton, 
Revd. Doctor Andrew Himter, Major John Hollingshead, Captain 
Aaron Ogden, Captain Joseph T. Anderson, Captain John Stantford, 
Lieutenant Derrick Lane, Lieutenant John Peck, Lieutenant Anthony 
Maxwell, Lieutenant Peter Talhnan, Lieut. "Will'm Piatt who has paid 
the Lodge dues, & during their Continuance among us have behav'd 
in a becoming Manner, "We therefore Request that Grand Lodge Cer- 
tificates be granted them." 

" Thos. Procter, Master." 
" Doctor William Smith " 

The above certificates were granted September 27, 1780. 

"This is to Certifle that Capt'n Jas. Pendleton of ArtiU'y has 
been Inoperly Entered, Passed & Raised as Master Mason, in Lodge 
No. 19 of the State of Pennsylvania, and since has behaved himself 
as Becometh a worthy Brother, and we do hereby Recommend him 
to the R. W. Gd. Secy, for a Grand Certificate agreeable to the Con- 
stitution of Masonry." 

"Thos. Procter, Mr. 

""William Adams S: W: P. T." 
" The Revd. Doctor "W. Smith." 

During the year 1780, Bro. Procter, as shown above, was 
Master of the Lodge, and Bro. Isaac Craig the Senior Warden. 

""nid., fol. 47. 
''Ihid., fol. 46. 
'•Ihid., fol. 47. 


'- 1 I 


dzaaiEfliineton'iet %ttttt 

Misunderstandings between Procter and President Reed of 
the Continental Congress were frequent, the status of the regi- 
ment and the method of its subsistence, it seems, being the 
principal causes of disagreement. The differences of opinion 
at length culminated in a downright quarrel, upon the occa- 
sion of a protest to Council by Procter and his regiment 
against the promotion of certain officers in it, which quarrel 
resulted in Procter's withdrawal from the army. His resig- 
nation was sent to General Washington on the ninth of April, 
1781, and was accepted on the eighteenth of the same month. 
The acceptance of Procter's resignation was accompanied with 
the following letter from the General who, although vexed at 
the Colonel for his hot-headed conduct, would not refuse to 
accord to him his due as a soldier:*" 

" Headquabtees, New Windsor, 20 April, 1781. 

"Sir: Tour favor of the 9th did not reach me until the 18th inst. 
I am sorry to find the situation of your domestic affairs renders it 
necessary for you to quit the service. It always gives me pain to 
part with an oflBcer, but particularly so with one whose experience 
and attention have made him useful in his profession. I cannot in 
justice to you permit you to leave the army without expressing my 
approbation of your conduct upon every occasion since you joined 
me in 1776, and wish you success in the line of life which you 
have now embraced. 

" I have signified my acceptance of your resignation which bears 
date of 18th inst. to the Board of War." 

" I am, sir, 

" Yr. most obt. and hble. servt., 
" G. Washington." 

Bro. Procter, after his resignation from the army, at once 
resumed his activity in the Grand Lodge and Lodge No. 2, at 

""'By-Laws of Montgomery Lodge, No. 19, A. T. M., Philadelphia," 
1868, pp. 49-50. 


the same time acting as representative of his old Military 
Lodge No. 19. 

Thus in the records of the Grand Lodge we find Bro. 
Procter in the following positions: Junior Grand Warden, 
p.t., February 10, 1780, July 27, 1780, August 6, 1782; 
Senior Grand Warden, p. t., December 27, 1782, June 24, July 
8, July 12, September 29, December 25, 1783. Elected Senior 
Grand Warden, December 27, 1783, and served during the 
year 1784 ; Deputy Grand Master, p. t., March 31, 1783 ; Proxy 
of Lodge No. 38, Charleston, S. C, December 27, 1783 ; Eepre- 
sentative of Lodge No. 46 in South Carolina, December 27, 

June 11, 1783. Bro. Procter was again elected as Master 
of Lodge No. 2 for the ensuing six months. Thus he con- 
tinued an active member of Lodge No. 2 until January 13, 
1787, when he was installed Master of a new Lodge erected in 
the city of Philadelphia, bearing the same number as his old 
Military Lodge. 

After the close of the Revolutionary War and the treaty of 
peace, the various regiments were disbanded and the Warrants 
of the Lodges attached thereto were either surrendered or 
vacated. The former was undoubtedly the case with Lodge 
No. 19. The Warrant remained dormant until after the Pro- 
vincial Grand Lodge asserted its independence in September, 
1786, when it was found that a new Lodge was needed in 
Philadelphia, whereupon Bro. Thomas Procter petitioned the 
Grand Lodge to issue a new Warrant to him and a number of 
Brethren of Lodge No. 2, bearing the number of his old mili- 
tary Warrant. 

At the first Quarterly Communication of the Independent 
Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, September 25, 1786, "a peti- 
tion was received from a number of Brethren, Members of 


caiattant tot %ottst Mo. 19 

different Warranted Lodges, held under the Jurisdiction of 
this Grand Lodge, praying a Warrant might be granted for 
holding a Lodge in this City, was read, and the same held 
under advisement." 

December 18, 1786, at a Grand Lodge, "A recommendation 
from a Number of the Brethren of Lodge No. 2, was read in 
favor of Bros. Thomas Procter, Young & Melbank for holding 
a Lodge in this City, N. 19, as mentioned in their petition last 
Quarterly Communication of this Grand Lodge. Whereupon, 
it was unanimously Resolved, that the prayer of the said peti- 
tioners, with others, be granted, and the Secy, is hereby 
required to make out a warrant in the name of the Brethren 
as mentioned heretofore." 

January 13, 1787. An extra Grand Lodge was convened, 
and the following action was taken:'"* 

"A Master Mason's Lodge opened in due form: — ^It appearing- 
from information of the Senior Grand Warden that this Lodge was 
convened for the purpose of constituting a new Lodge, N. 19, for 
which a Warrant has been granted and signed, Whereupon, Thomas- 
Procter was duly install'd Master; Charles Young, S. W., and J, 
Melbeck, J. W. of said Lodge, according to ancient form." 

Thus was the number of the old military Lodge revived, 
and down to the present day it is one of the most active Lodges 
in the Pennsylvania Masonic constellation. 

How the memories of the old Lodge in the Pennsylvania 
artillery lingered in the Jurisdiction, is shown by the follow- 
ing certificate found in the Archives of the Grand Lodge : 

"I hereby Certify that John Webster Esquire and late Captain 
Lt. of Artillery hath been regularly entered, passed, and Raised to 
the degree of Master Mason, in Lodge No. 19 being a Travelling 
warrant granted by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania to the 4th 

"'" Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 106. 


Regiment of Artillery and of which I was Honored as the leader 

"Thos. Peoctke late M." 
"Philad: April 16th 1794 

" To Be. Peter De Baebibr Dtjplessis 

" Grand Secretary." 

Shortly after the formation of Lodge No. 19 in 1787, a 
(^ serious difference arose between Bros. Thomas Procter and 
Charles Young, the Master and Senior "Warden of the new 
Lodge, about financial matters. This trouble, on account of 
the prominence of the two Brethren, came before the Grand 
Lodge, which appointed a committee to try the case. All of 
the voluminous depositions and reports on this case are in the 
Archives of the Grand Lodge.'^ 

December 15, 1788. At the Grand Quarterly Communica- 
tion a petition was presented by several Brethren, Members 
of this Grand Lodge, ia behalf of Brother Charles Young, 
being Read, "Ordered, on Motion and Seconded, that the fol- 
lowing Brethren be a Committee to enquire into the Facts set 
forth in the said petition, but that such Committee do not 
proceed upon the Business 'till the Return of Brother Procter 
who is absent, to this City, and not without giving Brother 
Procter personal notice of the place and time of meeting, viz. : 
J. Bankson, "W". Kidd, Ed. Pox, P. Wadman, and "W". 
Williams, who, or any three of them may proceed on the 

December 18, 1789. The Committee in the Case of Bro. 
Young and Procter presented their report, which was taken 
up and read, the same was then considered, adopted and con- 

" MSS., Vol. K, paquet 55, folio 29. 

»= MS8., Vol. H, paquet 51, folios 1 to 20. 


ptDctet bfi, Sonns 

firmed, And on motion and seconded, the same Committee 
were appointed to carry the said report into Execution.'" 

According to the Minutes of the Grand Lodge, three days 
later this action was reversed. 

December 21, 1789. "On Motion and Seconded, That the 
resolve of this Lodge upon the report of the Committee in the 
Case of Procter and Young be reconsidered, and in the mean- 
time the Committee appointed to carry the said report into 
effect, be directed not to proceed until further Orders, Where- 
upon, Ordered, that the same be adopted." 

This is the last mention of this celebrated case in the 
Minutes of the Grand Lodge. Just what the outcome was does 
not appear. That it was adverse to Bro. Charles Young is 
evident from the fact that his name does not appear as an 
active factor in the Grand Lodge after the above date. 

Bro. Procter, however, continued his active interest in the 
Grand Lodge. By the Minutes of the Grand Lodge we find 
that Bro. Procter filled the following stations : Junior Grand 



Warden, p. t., December 28, 1789 ; Senior Grand Warden, p. t., 
September 24, 1787, June 24, December 18, 24, 1789 ; December 
6, 1790, he was elected Senior Grand Warden, and re-elected 
the following year. 

"For report in full, vide "Freemasonry in Pennsylvania, 1727-1907," 
Vol. I, pp. 153 et seq. 


December 5, 1791. He was one of the committee that pre- 
sented an address to President Washington. 

December 27, 1796. Bro. Procter was appelated Grand 
Marshal. This office he fiUed until his death in April, 1806.^* 

"Bro. Thomas Procter was elected a member of the Carpenter's Com- 
pany in 1772; two years later he was elected one of the wardens of the 


company, and was instrumental in obtaining the use of the hall for the 
meetings of the Continental Congress. After his retirement from the 
army. Col. Procter became an active member of the various social, politi- 
cal and military organizations in Philadelphia. 

Col. Procter was one of the prominent members of the "Society of 
the Sons of Saint Tammany of Philadelphia, "and was chosen one of the 
chiefs of the society. May 21, 1785, and sachem. May 1, 1786. This 
society was originally instituted as a benevolent society on the com- 
mencement of our government in order to protect our red brethren and 
induce them to enter into treaties of peace with us and give up a savage 
border warfare. They were originally called Sons of Liberty and later 
Friends of the Constitution and Union of the States. 

Col. Procter was also one of the original members of the state society 
of Pennsylvania of the "Society of the Cincinnati," his name being 
the fortieth signature to the roll. 

Twenty-five years of life were vouchsafed to Col. Procter after the 
close of his revolutionary career, most of which was spent in the public 


Col. 'W^oma& ^tocttt 

In this position he marshaled the various processions of the 
Grand Lodge, the most important of which were the Wash- 
ington funeral obsequies, December 26, 1799, and February 
22, 1800. 

After the resignation of Col. Procter from the army, the 
Warrant of Number 19 was left for a time in the hands of 
Major Isaac Craig'** of the artillery, and Senior Warden of 
the Lodge, who succeeded Col. Procter as Master of the 
Regimental Lodge No. 19. Bro. Craig had taken a notable 
part in both the Monmouth and Sullivan campaigns of 1779. 
In 1780 Major Craig and a part of the artillery regiment 
were ordered to Fort Pitt with stores and cannon. They left 

By commission of Congress Bro. Procter served as Major of artillery 
from December 25, 1782, until October 22, 1783; Major of the artillery 
battalion of "Militia of the City and Liberties of Philadelphia," under 
commission from Governor Mifflin, from May 12, 1792, until April 12, 
1793, when he was promoted to be Brigadier General of the brigade 
composed of the "Militia of the City of Philadelphia." 

At the outbreak of the "Whiskey Insurrection," Brig. Genl. Thomas 
Procter was placed in command of the first brigade, which marched 
August 7, 1794. His last military commission bore date June 7, 1796, 
and appointed him Major General of the militia of the "City and County 
of Philadelphia." 

In civil life he filled many public and private positions — High Sheriff 
from October 20, 1783, to October 14, 1785; elected, September 10, 1790, 
City Lieutenant of Philadelphia, in which capacity he superintended the 
celebration of the arrival of Gen. Washington, November 23, 1790. 

Bro. Procter died, Sunday morning, March 16, 1806, in the sixty- 
eighth year of his age, at his residence in Arch Street, between Fourth 
and Fifth, and was buried at 3 o'clock on the following Tuesday after- 
noon, in the yard adjoining St. Paul's P. E. Church, on Third Street 
below Walnut. 

His funeral appears to have been strictly a military one. In the 
public papers the Cincinnati are invited, the members to wear the rib- 
band of the order with a strip of black passing along the center and a 
crape for thirty days upon the left arm. The officers of the first division 
of Pennsylvania militia, together with the legionary orders, were also 
invited. A careful search fails to find any mention of Masonic services, 
or even any notice of his death in the Masonic records. 


Carlisle, May 23, 1780, arriving at their destination, the 
present Pittsburgh, on the twenty-fifth of June, 1780. 

It appears that Major Craig, as Senior Warden, took the 
"Warrant with him, to the extreme western part of the State, 
and there erected upon the banks of the Ohio the first altar of 
Freemasonry under the Eegimental warrant of Lodge No. 19. 

In the year 1781, the artillery detachment under Bro. Craig 
was ordered to join Gen. George Eodgers Clark, at the falls of 
the Ohio,'" with the view of attacking Detroit. They left Fort 
Pitt July 29 and joined Gen. Clark at the falls; but the 
General being disappointed by the non-arrival of reinforce- 
ments, he was forced to abandon the expedition and the detach- 
ment returned to Fort Pitt, December 26, 1781.»« 

There can be but little doubt that the Warrant of No. 19 
was taken along on this expedition, and that upon more than 
one occasion a Lodge was opened, and the Brethren met in 
what was then the wilderness of the Northwest Territory, and 
that after the return of the Brethren to Fort Pitt meetings 
were held as regularly as the exigency of the service would 
permit, and they were attended by officers and soldiers from 
the other organizations at the garrison. This latter fact is 
clearly established by the following petition, which was pre- 
sented to the commanding general early in the following 
spring, quoted by Bro. Rommel in his Memorial history of 
Lodge 45 : F. & A. M., Pittsburgh, Penna." 

"The Humble Petition of a party of Non-Commissioned OflBeers 
and Soldiers belonging to the different Corps in the Garrison of Fort 
Pitt :— "■ 

" In 1778 George Bogers Clark camped at the falls on Ms way to Illi- 
nois, and the garrison he established there grew into the town of Louis- 
ville, Kentucky. Vide Wither 's "Chronicles of Border Warfare," re- 
vised edition, p. 146. 

" Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. TV, p. 260. 

""History of Lodge No. 45, F. & A. M., 1785-1910," Pittsburgh, 1912. 

"'" This document was found among the papers of Gen. Irvine, in the 


petition to <Btn, Mbint 

" Honourable General : — 

" We, the Non-Commissioned Officers aforementioned, most hmnbly 
beg leave to lay our Petition before the General, hoping your 
Gracious Consideration, and Vouchsafe to grant us our request. 

" Your Honor's Humble Petitioners, being a party of men, who 
has had the happiness, to Obtain a matter of great moment, from a 
most Ancient Society, that is kept up in all nations, and Kingdoms, 
in Christendom, and where no exception is made of any Man provid- 
ing he is found worthy of Obtaining it — 

"We your Honors, Humble Petitioners, Begeth Leave (as all 
places is not fit or Useful for us to sit or assemble in) that your 
honor would grant us that Privilege of Absenting ourselves with your 
Gracious Permission twice a Month out of the Garrison (Viz.) every 
first and third Monday evening in every month. So that we Can Un- 
molisted by any Person Secretly and Unanimously Assemble togather 
Under the Secret Rules and Ordinances that is no way Perjudicial to 
Country, State, or any Individual, there unto belonging. But shall 
always Indeavor to Distinguish ourselves by our Conduct and In- 
tegrity with our duty towards our Officers that is or shall be set 
over us. 

"And we most Humbly beg if it Please your Honor most Gra- 
ciously to Grant us our request, to return an answer in writing Pri- 
vately so that it may not raise any Jealousy in the Breasts of the rest 
of our Brother Soldiers ; And Likewise a pass Directed to the Officer 
of the day or Guard, So that we can pass at these times Aforemen- 

tioned without troubleing your Honor Excepting at a time when any 
emergency requires our particular attention Strictly to our duty of 
which we are all Evidently Senceable it may be required — ^Whereof 
your Honour will be pleased to Acquaint any one of us the Under- 
signers so that we may be forever obedient to your Honours most 
Gracious Orders. 

hands of his grandson, Dr. W. A. Irvine, of Warren County, Pa., and 
copied in 1859 by Hon. James "Weeks, of Uniontown, for Bro. Sidney 
Hayden. This copy is now in the Archives of Lodge No. 45, F. & A. M., 
at Pittsburgh. 


" And may your Honour be forever Induced with the same Wisdom 
to rule and Govern with same Justice & Equitty as we have Always 
found since we have Been Under your Honours Command. 

"H. Lee Sergt. Majr. Pennsa. Detachment. 

"Thos. Wood Serg. Maj. 

" Simon rLETCHER of ye Pa. Keg. 

Q: M: Detachment P. line 
" William Semplb Sergt. 
" John Haeris Corprl.'"'^ 
"Mathew Tout Sergt. 
" Michael Haulet 
" Mathw. Mcaitee Corpl. 
" John Htjtchson 
"Martin Sheeidon 
"John Kean 

"J. Williams Sergt. 7th V. B. 
" Fort Pitt April ye 15th 1782. 

" To the Honble. Wm. Ievine Esqr. 

Brigadier General Commanding" 

Some months after the presentation of the above petition, 
which was undoubtedly granted, Bro. Major Isaac Craig, who 
had become noted for his energy, activity and integrity, to be 
absolutely regular in his position as Master, made the follow- 
ing application to the Grand Lodge : 

September 2, 1782. At a meeting of the Grand Lodge, an 
application from Captain Isaac Craig, at Fort Pitt, for a 
"Dispensation to act there, the said Captain Craig being Legal 

■"' The John Harris who signed the ahove petition belonged to Procter ' 

The copy of the petition is correct in capitals, pvmctuation and 

Although the petition does not name the Ancient Society referred to, 
there is no room to doubt from the internal evidence that the writer was 
a Freemason possessing considerable knowledge of the institution. Gen. 
Irvine, who was very indulgent to those of his soldiers who were well- 
behaved and obedient to duty and discipline, promptly complied with the 
request. That none of the commissioned offieers signed the petition is no 
doubt owing to the fact that they already enjoyed the privilege prayed for. 


SI !^i0tortc Eantimatit 

successor to the Master of No. 19, and in possession of the 
"Warrant, but never legally installed, it was order 'd and Re- 
solved, that there is no necessity of a Dispensation to Capt. 
Craig, he being the Master elect and in possession of the War- 

NO. 19, A. Y. M., AT PITTSBURGH, 1780-81. 

rant of Lodge No. 19, but that a Dispensation go to some Past 
Master to install him." 

How the seed sown by the Brethren of Lodge No. 19 took 
root in central and western Pennsylvania, is shown by the 
various petitions to the Grand Lodge for Warrants to open 
Lodges at different places, both before and after peace was 

It is not known how long Masonic Lodges were held in Pitts- 
burgh under this travelling "Warrant of the Pennsylvania 
artillery, as there has been no positive record found as to just 
when this "Warrant was surrendered, whether before or after 


the edict of December 27, 1783,^' calling in all of these mili- 
tary or travelling Warrants. There is a strong presumption, 
however, that this Warrant was used by the Brethren on the 
Ohio until they applied for a new Warrant, which was granted 
by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, December 27, 1785, 
under the following conditions : 

A few days before the December Meeting of that year, R. 
W. Grand Master William Adcock was handed a letter'* ad- 
dressed to him by Bro. Michael Huffnagle** from Pittsburgh, 

"PrrrsBUHGH, Nov. 22nd, 1785. 
" Sir : Mr. Huffnagle will deliver you a minute of the proceedings 
of a number of Brethren Assembled in this place last evening for 
the purpose of obtaining a Warrant for holding a Lodge in this 
place and as they have done me the honor of Electing me to the 
Chair, I think it necessary to request leave to resign the OfiBee I have 
the honor to hold in the Grand Lodge I can Vouch for all the Breth- 
ren then Assembled. Mr. Huffnagle the Senior Elect will be in 
Fhilada. Mr. MeClery Junior Elect is known in No. 3. 
« The R. W. William Adcock, Esq. 

"I am, sir, 

" Your most Obt. Serv. 

"Wm. TmroN."" 

" Reprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Philadelphia, 1895, Vol. I, p. 68. 

•* Original in Archives of the Grand Lodge. 

" Bro. Michael Huffnagle was initiated in Lodge No. 2, together with 
Cols. Doherty and Espie, June 6, 1783, and raised by Col. Procter to the 
sublime degree of Master Mason. He served as Adjutant, 1st Continental 
Infantry, and later as Captain in the 8th Pennsylvania. He was one 
of the most prominent men in Pittsburgh. For a full account of Bro. 
Huffnagle vide Frederick C. Eommel's "History of Lodge No. 45, F. & 
A. M., 1785-1910," Pittsburgh, 1912, p. 90; also "Freemasonry in Penn- 
sylvania, 1727-1907," Vol. II, pp. 44r-45. 

"Bro. William Tilton, a Past Master of Lodge No. 3 in Philadelphia, 
was a prominent member of the Fraternity and serving in different sta- 
tions prior to his departure to and settlement in Pittsburgh, as Junior 
and Senior "Wardens, and upon at least one occasion occupied the station 
as Grand Master. For biographical sketch, vide Bro. Eommel's "His- 
tory" before quoted, pp. 89-90. 


75to, Sl?a/. 30aac Ccafg 

The enclosed minute was as follows : 

"Pittsburgh, Nov. 21, 5785. 
" At a meeting of the Brethren A. York, Master Masons. 

"Brs. "Willm. Tilton 
" Mich. HufEnagle 
« Wilbn. McClery" 
"WiUm. Butler" 
"Isaac Craig" 
" Joseph Asheton" 
" Thomas Wylie" 

" Bro. William McCleary, mentioned as Junior Warden in the warrant, 
according to Bro. Tilton 'a letter, also came from Philadelpliia. No record 
of him has thus far been found. 

"Bro. William Butler, Captain in 2d Pennsylvania Battalion, 1776, 
promoted to Major and Lieutenant-Colonel, 4th Pennsylvania, September, 
1776; Lieutenant-Colonel, 1779. 

"Bro. Isaac Craig was a native of County Down, Ireland, in 1741. 
He came to Philadelphia in the fall of 1765, working as a house 
carpenter. At the outbreak of the Eevolution, he was appointed Lieu- 
tenant of Marines in the American navy, and was present at the descent 
upon New Providence in the West Indies by the expedition under Com- 
modore Hopkins. After the return of this expedition Bro. Craig was pro- 
moted to a Captaincy of Marines, and in November, 1776, was ordered 
to join the army, doing duty as infantry. In this capacity Bro. Craig 
was present at the battles of Trenton and Princeton. March 3, 1777, 
Bro. Craig was appointed a Captain of Artillery in the regiment then 
formed under the command of Bro. Procter. In this capacity he was 
engaged in the battle of Brandywine, September 11, 1777, where he 
was wounded. In the next month he was present at the battle of Ger- 
mantown, and it was his battery which cannonaded Chew's house. He 
spent the winter of 1777-8 at Valley Forge, and in the spring was 
ordered to Carlisle, to learn the art of the laboratory in preparing muni- 
tions, in which Bro. Craig became an expert. He was appointed Major 
of artillery, October 7, 1781, and served until June 17, 1783. He was 
one of the original members of the state society of the Cincinnati. Bro. 
Craig was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society, 
January 19, 1787. 

Bro. Craig after the war remained in Pittsburgh, and became one of 
its most influential citizens. For a full biographical sketch of his career. 
Masonic, military and civil, vide "History of Lodge No. 45," before 
quoted, pp. 92 et seq., also "Life and Services of Major Isaac Craig," 
by Neville B. Craig, Esq., Pittsburgh, 1854. 


€>Iti St^a^ontc Eotiged of ^ennsi^Ibania 

" It was unanimously agreed to apply to the Right Worshipfull the 
Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania for a warrant to hold a Lodge in Pitts- 
burgh for the Benefit of the Brethren present, as well as those who 


may be hereafter brought to Light. We therefore humbly hope that 
our earnest Application will meet with encouragement. 

" The Brethren then proceeded to the election of OfiBcers for Sd. 
Lodge, When 

" Bro. Tilton, was elected Master 
" Br. Huflnagle, Senr. Warden & 
" Br. McClery, Junr. Warden. 

" Sign'd by order of the Master 

"Joseph Tilton, Secretary." 
" Endorsed 1785 Nov. 21. 
" Application for a 
" Warrt. for holding Lodge 
" at Pittsburgh 
"No 45." 

This petition and letter were presented and read before 
the Grand Lodge on St. John's Day, December 27, 1785, and 
it was agreed that the same be granted. Then the Secretary 
produced a "Warrant constituting and appointing the three 
aforesaid Brethren officers of Lodge No. 45. It wiU be noticed 
that Bro. William Tilton at that time was Junior Grand 
Warden of the Grand Lodge, and for several years an active 
factor of that Grand Body. Bro. Tilton, however, does not 
appear to have filled any office in the Grand Lodge after his 
appointment as Warrant Master of Lodge 45. 

« Tide p. 34 infra. 

"Bro. Thomas Wylie, one of the charter members, supposed to have 
been a Presbyterian clergyman. Nothing definite is known of his 
Masonic history. 



^^ 3 

'^ .'K 



■ -A ■ 





It will also be noted that the charter members were but nine 
in number, one of whom was Past Master Bro. Major Isaac 
Craig of Lodge No. 19 in the Pennsylvania artillery, and who 
erected the first Masonic Lodge on the banks of the Ohio. The 
present writer has not been able to trace the Masonic affilia- 


tion of the Brethren, except where noted, but some if not all 
had undoubtedly been brought to Masonic light on the banks 
of the Ohio, under the authority of the old military Warrant 
of No. 19. Lodge 45, as the logical successor of No. 19, is one 
of the few Masonic Lodges in Pennsylvania which, since her 
first organization, has continued uninterruptedly in her work 
through storms and persecutions, remaining firm in her faith, 
and now for over a century and a quarter shedding the light 
of wisdom and Fraternity in what is to-day the second city of 
our great Commonwealth. 


Members op the Militaey Lodge, No. 19, A. Y. M., with the 

Pennsylvania Artillery so far as can be gleaned 

from the various Documents m the Archives. 

Bro. Wiluam Adams, Surgeon, 4th Continental Artillery. 
Bro. Joseph T. Anderson, Regimental Paymaster and Brevet 

Major of New Jersey Brigade. 
Bro. John Van Anglon, Captain in 1st New Jersey Regiment. 
Bro. Thomas Armstrong, First Lieutenant, 5th Regiment in 

North Carolina Line. 

f^i^ ^/mh^ ^^i^^W- <f. %^<^/lif 

Bro. Joseph Ashton, 1st Sergeant, New York Artillery, later 
Captain Lieutenant, 2d Continental Artillery. 

Bro. Isaac Craig, Major, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Bro. Elias Dayton, Colonel of 3d New Jersey, later Brigadier 
General in Continental Army. 

Bro. Patrick Duffie, 3d Lieutenant in Procter's Artillery, 
later 1st Lieutenant and Captain, 4th Continental Ar- 

Bro. Thomas Forrest, Captain of Procter's Artillery; Major, 
4th Continental Artillery ; resigned as Lieutenant Colonel, 

Bro. John Hollingshead, Major of 2d New Jersey Regiment. 

Bro. Andrew Hunter, Chaplain, 3d New Jersey; afterwards 
Brigade Chaplain; served to close of the war. "Warrant 
Master, Lodge No. 36 in New Jersey Line. 

Bro. John Kean, Lieutenant. 

Bro. Derrick Lane, Captain in New Jersey Battalion; later 
served as Captain in the U. S. Infantry until 1785. 

Bro. Anthony Maxwell, Lieutenant in Spencer's New York 
Regiment, promoted from Sergeant to Ensign and Lieu- 


Wio&ttt of EoDse Bo. 19 

Bbo. William Maxwell, Brigadier General, Continental 
Army, Colonel of 2d New Jersey. 

Beo. Jambs McCluee, Adjutant, New Hampshire Militia, later 
Captain, 4th Continental Artillery. 

Beo. Aaeon Ogden, Regimental Paymaster, New Jersey Bri- 
gade, later Brigade Major to Maxwell's Brigade ; served to 
close of war; Lieutenant Colonel, 11th U. S. Infantry. 
Honorably discharged June 15, 1800. 

Beo. Ezea Patterson, Lieutenant, 2d Continental Artillery ; a 
native of New York. 

Beo. John Peck, Captain in the New Jersey Battalion to No- 
vember, 1783 ; also in New Jersey Militia. 

Beo. James Pendleton, Ensign and Lieutenant in 7th Vir- 
ginia; later Captain, 1st Continental Artillery. 

Beo. William Piatt, enlisted as private in 1st New Jersey 
Regiment, promoted Sergeant, Second and First Lieu- 
tenant, and Captain ; served to close of the war. 

Beo. Andeew Poetee, Lieutenant, 4th Maryland Battalion, 
later Lieutenant Colonel, 4th Continental Artillery. 


Beo. Feancis Peoctee, nephew of Col. Thomas Procter, Lieu- 
tenant of Procter's Artillery; retired with rank as Major, 
January 1, 1783. 

Beo, Thomas Peoctee, Colonel, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Beo. Jeeemiah Simmons. 


Bro. Samuel Story, Regimental Adjutant, and Captain Lieu- 
tenant, 4th Continental Artillery. 
Beo. John Stantfoed. 
Beo. Peter Tallman. 



Beo, John Webster, Sergeant in Procter's Artillery, later 
Quarter Master Sergeant, 4tli Continental Artillery. Dis- 
charged as Captain Lieutenant, June, 1783. 






^^HE third regimental Warrant 
t|L issued by the Provincial 
Grand Lodge of Pennsylva- 
nia was granted to the North Caro- 
lina contingent in the Continental 
Army. This Lodge was No. 20 on 
the Roster. Owing to the loss of all 
Minutes of the Grand Lodge prior 
to July 29, 1779, it is impossible to 
give the particulars under which it 
was granted, the names of the peti- 
'tioners, or the date of the Warrant, 
which however, if not May 18, 1779, must have been on or 
prior to October 4, 1779. 

The Minutes of the Grand Lodge of this date, upon which 
Pennsylvania Lodges, No. 21, then held in Lower Paxton, Lan- 
caster County, now Perseverance Lodge held at Harrisburg, 
Dauphin County (that county having been formed out of Lan- 
caster County) and No. 22 held at Sunbury, Northumberland 
County, were warranted, are also missing. A memorandum in 
the rough Minutes of the Grand Lodge states: "Leave room 
for Minutes of Oct. 4 in the hands of Cronin." Stephen 


Cronin was acting Grand Secretary and evidently never 
furnished the Minutes of this Communication. There is no 
mention whatever of this communication in the regular 

Lodge No. 20 is mentioned in several of the Minutes of 
the Grand Lodge as not having responded, nor is there any 
record that the North Carolina Brethren ever made any re- 
turns to the Grand Lodge; consequently the Warrant was 
finally vacated. 

The question naturally arises how it happened that the 
Provincial Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania was petitioned to 
issue a Warrant for the North Carolina Line in the Continental 
Army, as there was a Provincial Grand Lodge in their native 
State. This may be explained by the intimacy that existed 
between the members of the North Carolina brigade and the 
Pennsylvania troops in the Continental Army. 

The North Carolina Continentals reached Washington's 
Camp at Middlebrook, in Somerset County, New Jersey, on the 
Raritan River, fifteen miles south of Morristown,^ about the 
last of June, 1777, and were placed under the command of 
Maj. Gen. William Alexander (Lord Sterling). They took a 
prominent part in the Battle of Brandywine, and carried off 
the laurels at Germantown, October 4, 1777, where Maj. Wil- 
liam Polk" was badly wounded, but recovered and afterwards 
(1799-1801) became Grand Master of North Carolina. 

The North Carolina Line, greatly reduced by the casualties 
of war, shared the sufferings of the army in the hutted camp 

^ ' ' Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of A. 'F. and A. M. of North Caro- 
lina, 125th Annual Communication," Ealeigh, 1912, pp. 76-78. 

^Bro. William Polk, Major of 9th North Carolina Eegiment, later 
served under Generals Richard, Caswell, Davidson, Pickens and Sumpter, 
and saw much active service. He was the father of Bishop Leonidas 
Polk, the Confederate General. Bro. Polk died January 14, 1834. 


B. MECKLENBURG CO., N. C, JULY 9, 1768. 
D. RALEIGH, N. C, JANUARY 4, 1804. 

<^^t Mott^ CatoUna %im 

at Valley Forge during the winter of 1777-78, and were subse- 
quently present at Monmouth, and later at Stony Point, after 
which they were ordered, early in the year 1780, to join Gen. 
Lincoln at Charleston, South Carolina. 

It . appears that Freemasonry was strongly represented 
among the North Carolina troops while in the South. The 
same undoubtedly was the case when the brigade served in 
the vicinity of Philadelphia. The petition for this Warrant 
may have been presented at the same date as Col. Procter's 
and issued at the same time, or it may have been granted 
October 4, 1779, the date of the original "Warrant of Lodge 
No. 21 as suggested above. 

Bro. Marshall De Lancey Haywood, historian of the Grand 
Lodge of North Carolina, in his report, January, 1912, gives 
a full list of the soldiers of the Eevolution who were mem- 
bers of the Fraternity, in which he recites the names and 
Masonic affiliations of no less than seventy-three Brethren. 

How many of these were brought to true Masonic light 
under the Pennsylvania regimental Warrant No. 20, it is im- 
possible to even surmise at the present day, owing to the loss 
or absence of all reports, Minutes or documents from the old 
regimental Lodge. 

As the records of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania show 
no report from this Lodge at all, all the members of that regi- 
mental Lodge must have gone south with the North Carolina 
troops, and hence were unable to make reports. 

It is not improbable that the Warrant, papers and parapher- 
nalia of Lodge No. 20, fell into the hands of the enemy at the 
capitulation of Charleston, May 12, 1780, meeting the same 
fate as those of the Brethren of the Delaware regimental Lodge 
No. 30, at the battle of Camden, August 16, 1780, there being a 
report to that effect. 




la T was not until the close of the 
year 1779 that the Provincial 
Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania 
fully recovered from the con- 
fusions brought about by the 
British occupation of Philadel- 
phia, 1777-1778, and the subse- 
quent military movements, and 
disquieting rumors relative to the 
opposing forces. 
The loss of the former Minutes^ 
and papers of this Grand Lodge, the attainting for treason of 
some of the prominent Brethren in Philadelphia, and the de- 
parture of others from the City with the British soldiery, 
June, 1778, aU tended to unsettle the affairs of the Grand 
Lodge, which stiU nominally owed allegiance to the Grand 
Lodge of England. 

However, towards the close of the eventful year 1779, 
political affairs had assumed such shape in this vicinity, that it 

' Preface of earliest Minute Book of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, 
of July 29, 1779. Vide Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Volume 1. 


Cpmmnn(catipn!Si ot t^t (Eranti fiottst 

>yas thought prudent to again open the Grand Lodge, and elect 
and install the proper officers. As has been already set forth, 
during the previous July a number of the Brethren assembled, 
and determined that steps should be taken to again hold regu- 
lar Communications of the Grand Lodge for the government 
of the Craft. The first movement to that effect was to send out 
the following circular notice to every Lodge under the juris- 
diction of the Provincial Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania : 

The "W'full Master and Senior and Junior Wardens of Lodge N". 
— are requested to meet the R. W. Grand Master at Philad*., on the 
20"*. day of Dec"'., at which time he proposes to hold a General Com- 
munication of all the Lodges under the Grand Warrant of Penn- 
sylvania, agreeable to the late Resolve of a Grand Lodge held in 
this City to chuse Grand Officers for the ensuing year, in con- 
formity to the ancient and laudable usage of the hon. fraternity 
of free and accepted Masons. At -which time you are directed to 
produce your Warrant and Book of transactions and to pay all 
acknowledgments due from you to this Grand Lodge. — By order &c. 

W^. Smith, G. Sec. 

December 20, 1779. "A Grand Lodge of Communication was 
opened in due form, with Prayer by the Grand Secretary, Rev. 
Bro. William Smith, D.D., and an Anthem by Bros. Matthew 
Whitehead and Jacob Diegel" of Lodge No. 4. At this mem- 
orable Communication, the following officers were present : 

The Rt. Wpfull Wm Ball, Esqr. Grand Master in the Chair. 
John Coats, Deputy Grand Master; 
William Shutej Senior Grand Warden; 
John Howard, Junior Grand Warden; 
William Smith, Grand Secretary; 
Stephen Cronin, Senior Grand Deacon; 
Bernard, Junior Grand Deacon. 

It was at this Communication that a petition was pre- 
sented, signed by Isaiah Wool and five other Brethren from 
Monmouth County, New Jersey, praying for a Warrant for 



SDlti S^a0onit Eotig^isf of ptnnff^lbania 

holding a new Lodge. This "being read, the petition was 
unanimously granted, and a "Warrant ordered to be made out, 
when they shall have elected the proper officers." 

This suggestion was promptly acted upon, and at the Grand 
Lodge of Emergency held December 29, 1779, "Agreeable to the 
Unanimous Resolution of this Grand Lodge, to grant a War- 
rant for a New Lodge, to be held at Middleton, in Monmouth 
County in New Jersey, Brother Wm. Bostwich,^ the Master 
elect, received his Warrant, No. 23, and was accordingly in- 
stalled Master, and saluted in proper form. He was instructed 
how to install Br. Isaiah Wool,' S. Warden, and Br. John 
Motte,* Jr. Warden, of said Lodge." 

The location of this new Lodge was at Middleton (now 
Middletown), Monmouth County, one of the oldest settle- 
ments in the northeastern part of east New Jersey. Most of 
the early settlers were Baptists, and here in 1668 the first 
Baptist Church in New Jersey was built. 

Lodge No. 23, it appears, never made any returns or reports 
to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, nor was the Lodge ever 
represented at any of the subsequent Communications. The 
only additional mention of Lodge 23 to be found in the 
Minutes of the Grand Lodge is in a report of the committee 
on the state of country Lodges, made October 16, 1809: "No. 
23, Middletown, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Granted 
29th December, 1779. Joined the Grand Lodge of New Jersey. 
No Returns." 

°Bro. William Bostwich had been a First Lieutenant in the 3d New 
Jersey. He served until June 1, 1778. 

"Bro. Isaiah Wool, a native of New York, Lieutenant in Col. Lamb's 
New York ArtUlery, Captain 2d Continental Artillery, resigned, August 
21, 1780. He is said to have been made a Mason in Procter's Lodge, 
No. 19. 

*Bro. John Mott, First Lieutenant 3d New Jersey, later Captain, 
retired January 1, 1781, served also as Captain New Jersey Militia. 
Died May 31, 1831. 








T a Grand Lodge of Emer- 
gency, held January 26, 
1780, a petition was re- 
zed from a number of Brethren 
;he town of Reading, and County 
Berks, praying a Warrant for 
3ting and holding a new Lodge 
the said town and a convenient 
I tance round the same. 

Heading, on the left bank of the 
Schuylkill River, about 53 miles 
from Philadelphia, was laid out in 1748 by the agents of 
Thomas and Richard Penn, and became the county seat of 
Berks County, which was formed from Philadelphia, Chester 
and Lancaster Counties, March 11, 1752. The county was 
principally settled by Germans. In the town of Reading, 
however, at the time of petitioning for this Warrant, there was 
quite a sprinkling of the Quaker element, together with a 
number of Scotch Royalists, who had been captured and sub- 
dued in North Carolina. In addition to the above, Reading, 
during the Revolution, was a favorite place of resort for 
Philadelphians who wished to get away from the stormy 


political atmospliere of Philadelphia, and at the same time be 
out of the reach of any British marauding parties. 

The petition signed by seven Brethren in Reading was 
presented to the Grand Lodge at a Grand Lodge of Emer- 
gency held January 26, 1780, as follows : 

" Reading 10* Jan^. 1780 
" To the Bight Worshipfull Grand Master of the antient and Honour- 
able Fraternity of Free <& accepted Masons in the state of 
Pennsylvenia — 

"The Humble Petition' of the Brethren of the antient Society 
residing in the Town of Reading Humbley Sheweth 

" That we the subscribers having the good of the Fraternity at 
Heart, and labouring under many inconveniences on account of our 
distance from Philadelphia, most humbly desire your Warrent to 
constitute and hold a Lodge according to antient form in this Town 
of Reading to extend the Noble Arts to strengthen its pillars, and 
support the Royal Order, and we beg leave to recommend our worthy 
B"". Jonath" Potts Master, B'' Geo: Nagel, Senior and B''. James 
Diemer Jun''. Wardens; your complying with this our humble peti- 
tion and ardent request will ever be esteemed as a singular act of 
Brotherly Friendship and Love, by your most sincere Brethren and 
most obedient humble Servants 

«J. "W. Batten A: M^' 
"Donald M Leod A: M^" 

" Ch : SOBBE 

"Ja. Diemer A: M^ 
"ThoS WHrrE A: M^* 
"Geot Nagel A: M." 
"JonN Potts.'" 

> MSS., Vol. No. 164, f oUo 40. 

'Bro. John William Batten was a Sergeant in the British Artillery, 
and a member of one of the Military Lodges in the British army. He 
was captured by the Americans and sent as a prisoner of war to Phila- 
delphia, in the fall of the year 1779, where he was imprisoned in the 
old Walnut Street prison. September 14, 1779, he presented a petition 
to Lodge No. 2, praying that the Brethren of this Lodge would endeavor 
to get him his parole, and thus release him from durance. This petition 
was read and put to vote, when it was, by a majority, agreed that the 
interest of Lodge No. 2 should be exerted in favor of the above petitioner 
to get him his parole. (_Vide "Freemasonry in Pennsylvania, 1727- 


%ifbst Mo, 24, ja. g. 9?.» at mtabins 

After the petition from Reading was read, "the ballot was 
put whether the Petition from Reading be granted, the same 
was unanimously agreed to, and it was order 'd that a Warrant 
be made out for constituting a New Lodge at Reading to be 
number 'd 24. 

"Brother Jonathan Potts, the proposed Master of the new 
Lodge, No. 24, being introduced and found duly qualified, 

1907," Vol. I, p. 353.) This effort proved successful. Bro. Batten was 
released from gaol, upon his parole, and sent into the interior at Beading. 
Less than four months later, we find Bro. Batten's name heading a peti- 
tion to erect an altar of Freemasonry in that interior town on the 
Schuylkill Eiver. 

•Bro. Donald McLeod, one of the Scotch Eoyalists from North 

'Bro. Thomas White had been Piist Lieutenant of Montgomery's Penn- 
sylvania Battalion of the Flying Camp. He was taken prisoner at Fort 
Washington, November 16, 1776, and exchanged in 1778, and did not 
rejoin the army. 

° Bro. George Nagel, named in the Warrant of Lodge No. 24, as Senior 
Warden, a member of Lodge No. 3 in Philadelphia, had served in the 
Continental army from June 25, 1775, when he was commissioned 
Captain in Thompson's Pennsylvania Bifle Battalion until July 1, 1778, 
■when he retired as Colonel of the 10th Pennsylvania Eegiment. His 
Masonic certificate, as member of Lodge No. 3, A. Y. M., dated April 18, 
1777, is in the Archives of the Grand Lodge. 

*Bro. Jonathan Potts, named in the Warrant of Lodge No. 24 as 
Worshipful Master of the new Lodge to be erected in the borough of 
Beading, was one of the chief Surgeons in the Continental Army. He 
was with the troops on the Canadian Expedition in 1776, and during the 
following year was appointed Deputy Director-General of Hospital of 
the Northern Department. By act of Congress, November -6, 1778, it was 
resolved, ' ' that the unremitted attention shown by Dr. Potts, of the General 
Hospital in the Northern Department, as represented in Gen. Gates's 
letter to Congress of the twentieth of October, to the sick and wounded 
under his care, is a proof not only of his humanity, but of the zeal for 
the service of the United States, so deeply interested in the preservation 
of the health and lives of the gallant asserters of their country's cause, 
and that Congress therefore can not but entertain a high sense of Dr. 
Potts 's services, which he has rendered during this campaign, by the 
diligent discharge of his respective functions. January 22, 1778, Bro. 
Potts was transferred to the Middle Department, wherein he served with 
honor until October 6, 1780, when he retired from the service. During 


was regularly installed as Master of the said new Lodge, to be 
held in the Town of Reading, and five Miles round the same, 
and the Grand Secretary is Order 'd to prepare a Warrant 

The Warrant for No. 24 was duly made out, signed and 
sealed : 

" Now KNOW Ye that We, William Ball, Grand Master, John Coats 
Deputy Grand Master, Alexander Rutherford Senior Grand Warden, 
and Jacob Samuel Howel Junior Grand Warden present and legal 
Successors to the above named Provincial Grand OflBcers, as by the 
Grand Lodge Books, Reference being to them had may appear, by 
Virtue of the power to us granted by the above in part recited War- 
rant, do hereby authorise and impower our trusty and well beloved 
Brethren Jonathan Potts Esquire Master, George Nagel Esquire 
Senior Warden, and James Diemer Esquire Junior Warden of a 
New Lodge, Numb. Twenty-four to be held in the town of Reading 
in the State of Pennsylvania, or anywhere within five Miles of 
the said Town. — And We do further authorise and impower our 
said trusty and well-beloved Brethren Jonathan Potts, George Nagel, 
and James Diemer Esquires to admit and make free Masons, accord- 
ing to the most ancient and Honorable Custom of the Royal Craft 
in all ages and nations throughout the known World, and not eon- 
trarjrwise. And We do further impower and appoint the said Jona- 
than Potts, George Nagel and James Diemer and their Successors to 
hear and determine aU and singular. Matters and Things relating to 
the Craft, within the Jurisdiction of the said Lodge Number Twenty- 
four. And lastly, We do hereby authorise and impower our said 
trusty and well beloved Brethren Jonathan Potts, George Nagel and 
James Diemer to nominate, chuse and install their Successors to 
whom they shall deliver this Warrant, and invest them with all the 
powers and Dignities as Free Masons, and such Successors shall in 

a part of this time the seeond story of the Freemason's Lodge in Lodge 
Alley was occupied by the Medical Department of the Army, and was 
under the direction of Bro. Jonathan Potts. (Vide "Freemasonry in 
Pennsylvania, 1727-1907," Vol. I, p. 384.) 

Bro. Potts died in October, 1781, at the early age of thirty-six, at his 
home in Beading, and was buried in the family grave yard at Pottstown 
but without a stone to mark his grave. 

' MS8., Vol. 164, p. 39. Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, 
p. 21. 


Hotise j12o. 24, SL, @. 9?., at laeatidts 

like maimer nominate chuse and install their Successors &e. &c. &c. 
Such Installation to be upon, or near S' John the Evangelist's Day, 
during the Continuance of this Lodge forever. Provided always that 
the said above named Brethren, and their Successors pay due Respect 
to the Eight Worshipf uU Grand Lodge from whom they have their 
Authority, otherwise this Warrant to be of no force or Virtue. 
Given under our hands and the Seal of the Grand Lodge at Phila- 
delphia this fifteenth Day of February in the year of our Lord One 
Thousand Seven Hundred and Eighty and of Masonry Five Thou- 
sand Seven Hundred and Eighty.' 

"William Smith Grand Sedo 
" Jn° Wood G. Treasurer " 

Nothing is kaown as to the proceedings of Lodge No. 24, 
From a Minute of the Grand Lodge, November 22, 1781, it 
appears that the Warrant Master, Bro. Jonathan Potts, had 
died during the year, and the Warrant was in the possession of 
his executors. It was thereupon resolved, that Bro. George 
Nagel, the Senior Warden of No. 24, at Reading, procure the 
Warrant, and after calling the members together, that they 
elect officers for the ensuing year, and attend the next Com- 
munication to be installed. 

It does not appear that any action was taken by the Breth- 
ren of No. 24 upon this resolution of the Grand Lodge. As 
the Lodge was not represented after the above date and no 
returns were ever made, it is surmised that the Brethren could 
not maintain their organization, and surrendered their War- 
rant, which is now in the Archives of the Grand Lodge. 

' Original Warrant in Archives of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. 




(•■THE first petition for a "War- 

1|L rant for a Lodge to be lield 

west of the Susquehanna, 

was presented at a Grand Lodge 

of Emergency, held January 7, 

1780, viz. : 

"To THE Eight WoHSHiPFniiL W*^ 
Ball Grand Mastee, the Worship- 
full John Howard Sen'' Grand Warden, the Worshipfull John 
Wood Jim'' Grand Warden, and the Rest of the OfiScers of the 
Grand Lodge in Philadelphia — 

" The Petition of divers brethren in the town of Carlisle in the 
County of Cumberland 

" Respectfully sheweth 
" That your Petitioners have been each of them made under the 
sanction of a just & lawful Warrant and are solicitous of working 
in their Craft and promoting the benefits of it to Others, but they 
find they have no Authority so to do, unless by soliciting the Right 
Worshipfull The Grand Lodge for a Warrant for that purpose, and 
they flatter themselves, that upon brotherly Masonic principles they 
shall be indulged in their request : that they conceive Masonry to be 
Universal in its Nature and extent, and they do therefore most 
earnestly pray that a Warrant may be granted them in the Usual 
form to exercise the duties of the Craft in the said town of Carlisle 
and County of Cumberland; and do beg leave to recommend Brother 


Eobge 120., 24, SI, 18. 9?., at CatHsfle 

George Noarth Esq. as their Master: Brother Mathew Atkinson as 
their Senior Warden and Brother Charles Jenkins as their Junior 
Warden, Most Respectfully assuring the Right Worshipfull Grand 
Lodge that they shall ever Esteem it their Duty : as it is their inclina- 
tion, to conform themselves to the Orders, injunctions and Rules of 
the Grand Lodge, from which they shall derive their Origin. 

" Signed at Carlisle the S"" Nov"' 1779, by the brethren following, 
viz: — 

" Moses Fabeys 

" John Hunter 

"Percival Keax 

"John Pbddon 

" G. Noarth (by request) 

" Mathew Atkinson (by request) 

" ChaS Lukins (by request)' 

"ArchiD Campbell* 

"George BROvrar 

"Hugh Alexander." 

The petition is endorsed on the back : 

" Petition from Carlisle, Warrant ordered Nov 5, 1779. 
" N° Twenty six, to be held in the County of Cumberland, State of 
Pennsylvania or any where within miles of said town." * 

After the reading of the petition it was ordered to lie over 
for the determination of the next Grand Lodge, which met a 
week hence, January 13, 1780, when the petition for a new 
Lodge in the County of Cumberland came "again under con- 
sideration, and the Grand Secretary is directed to acquaint 
the proposed Officers, that on their personal application, or the 
personal application of the Master elect, and satisfying the 
Grand Lodge of all necessary requisites a Warrant will be 
granted according to the Pray'r of the Petition." 

'Bro. Charles Lukens, Major and Commissary of Military Stores, also 
Major of !Flower's Artillery Artificer Eegiment, retired from service at 
his own request, August 30, 1780. 

'Bro. Archibald Campbell, formerly Lieutenant in the 6th Pennsyl- 
vania Infantry. Died, 1788. 

• MS8., Vol. F, paquet 88, folios 39-40. 

5 49 

These conditions being complied with, the "Warrant was 
granted, it appears, March 19, 1780, and the Lodge was repre- 
sented by the "Warrant Master, Bro. George Noarth, in the 
Grand Lodge on June 24, July 27 and on September 25, 1780. 

Carlisle, where the new Lodge was to be located, was an 
ancient borough in the midst of Cumberland County, known 
for its wide streets and spacious public square in the center, 
which was crossed by the main road from Philadelphia and 
Pittsburgh and the road to Baltimore. 

During the Revolution, Carlisle was made a place of ren- 
dezvous for the American troops, and in consequence of being 
located at a distance from the theater of war, British pris- 
oners were also sent hither for secure confinement. 

At the Grand Communication, September 25, 1780, the 
question was raised "whether B™ Noarth as Master-elect of 
No. 26, never yet having attended at Carlisle to open his new 
Lodge or instal any of the officers, was entitled to a seat in 
this Grand Lodge, it was Ordered, as Six Months have not yet 
expired since the date of his "Warrant, that he write to his 
Wardens at Carlisle to attend the Grand Lodge in due time, in 
order to be installed, that the Lodge may be open'd in due 
form without Loss of time." 

Bro. Noarth, acting upon this suggestion wrote the follow- 
ing letter to the Brethren named as "Wardens in the Warrant. 

"PhiladA October 10* 1780 

" Esteemed Sirs : 

" You may reeolleet that during the last Winter we unitedly signed 

a petition to the grand Lodge for a Warrant to impower us to make 

Masons in the town of Carlisle and its vicinity. Our views in such 

a proceedure were laudable and calculated to check the growth of 

Clandestine Masonry which was making a rapid progress there. You 

were pleased to honor me with your good opinion so far as to put me 

in nomination for Master, and the brethren present shewed a similar 


fLottet Mo, 20, SL W, Sl?.» at €a.tlifHt 

degree of confidence in naming you to the other ofiBces. If I rightly 
recolleet we each subscribed Seventy Dollars for the purpose pro- 
posed, which was lodged in the hands of Brother Hunter and for 
which I took his receipt; and altho my Letter to the Eec*. Grand 
Secretary enclosing the petition did not reach him so early as I 
wished and expected, the right Worshipful Body to whom it was 
addressed were pleased to approve of your motives & choice, and 
upon my personal application directed that the Warrant should issue 
which was accordingly done. Since that time until the present it has 
lain in the secretary's hands ready for delivery, but as a number of 
months have elapsed since the time of their indulgence and no busi- 
ness been done they have called upon me to know cause of it. I have 
assigned them- the genuine reasons and they have directed me to 
write to the brotherhood upon the Occasion. 

" A variety of causes have prevented me from attending at Carlisle 
during the s umm er and fall, least the same causes should continue 
to the detriment of the Craft, and frustrate the motives that led to the 
petition, I must earnestly request & direct that you would call the 
brethren together and fall on some expeditious mode of sending down 
for the Warrant as well as of attending for the purposes of Instal- 
lation. The fees are, by a regulation of the Grand Lodge, six Hund* 
Dollars, and I herewith enclose an order on the Treasurer for that 
sum for the purpose. I expect to be in your Town some time in the 
next month, but should anything intervene to prevent it, I beg you 
will lay the Letter before the brethren and require their assistance 
which I am sure will be complied with. The money when sent may be 
directed to the Eev* D'. W™, Smith or M' Alexander Rutherford 
Dep. G«. M"-. 

" I feel a peculiar pleasure in assuring you of the expectation I 
have of its tending to the prevention of Clandestine Masonry in your 
Country, as every B"'. must know that those men are detrimental to 
the original charitable purposes of the Craft. 

" I am with the purest affection 
" Esteemed Brothers 

"Your obedient Hble Serv' 



" Mathew Atkinson & 1 

" Charles Lukens Esq" 

A copy of this letter was presented to the Grand Lodge, 


iSDltt 9l^a&onic fLoHt& in pennsc^lbania 

October 16, 1780, when upon "further consideration of the 
Warrant granted to B'. Noarth, as Master of No. 26 at Carlile, 
it is ordered that he be allowed till next Quarterly Communi- 
cation to pay the fees on the Warrant and to have the Officers 
regularly installed, and the Lodge open'd in due form, and if 
these requisites are not complied with the Warrant to be for- 

As no action appears to have been taken upon the letter 
sent by Bro. Noarth to the Brethren of Lodge No. 26, beyond 
the Susquehanna, the Lodge was presumably never properly 
constituted, and the Warrant was forfeited. 



'n<*'f^%^4^ ^ ^'^^^Si^z::r ^Ci-^^ i^ •t^^r' 


^„^ ^^^H^ ^ y ^ 


•^^ -^^ fi'C^- 




AT a Grand Lodge of Emer- 
gency, opened in due form, 
April 4, 1780, the follow- 
ing petition presented by Bro. 
Arch* Anderson "and a number of 
Brethren of the Maryland Line 
was read, praying a "Warrant to 
hold a new Lodge." 


Esq., Grand Master & the brethren- 
op THE G. Lodge of Pen."^ 

" The humble petition of a number 
of Brethren belonging to the Maryland Troops 

" Sheweth that your peti"'. being anxious to increase the royal art, 
but not having it in our power to meet together ■without proper 
authority, and as we are now on our way to So. Carolina humbly 
request a Warrant for that purpose, which if granted care shall be 
taken to pay all respect & dues to this Grand Lodge. & your 
pet'. &c." 

This petition was signed by : 

M. Gist 

ArohI^. Anderson 
John Davidson 
John Stewart 

John Hamilton 
John Lynch 
Otho H. Williams 

1 MS8., Vol. O, paquet 89, folio 38. 


SDltt 9^&&onic %tHist^ ot ^ennff^Vbania 

The rough draft of this Petition, which is reproduced in 
fac-simile, further states: — 

"If a Warrant should be granted the following Brethren are 
appointed officers 

" Brigadier General Mobdecai Gist,^ Master. 

" Col. Otho Holland Williams,* Senior Warden. 

" Major AiiCHiBALD Anderson,* Junior Warden." 

"The Lodge to be numbered Twenty-Seven, to be held as a 
Military Lodge for the Benefit of the Brethren of the Mary- 
land Line, without interfering with the Eights of any fix'd or 
stated Lodges, where the said Brethren may happen to be 
quartered. The Ballot being put it was unanimously carried 
in the affirmative. 

"The Lodge then call'd to refreshment, after which the 
Lodge opened again when B' Mordecai Gist, the new consti- 
tuted Master of N". 27, was installed in form." 

The only original matter in our possession relating to Lodge 

' Bro. Mordecai Gist, born in Baltimore, Md., in 1743, died in Charles- 
ton, S. C, in 1792. Brigadier-General Continental Army, January 9, 
1779. By the Act of October 14, 1780, it was "Besolved, that the thanks 
of Congress be given to Brigadier-Generals Smallwood and Gist and to 
the o£S.eerB and soldiers in the Maryland and Delaware Lines, the different 
corps of Artillery, Colonel Porterfield's and Major Armstrong's corps of 
Light Infantry and Colonel Armand's Cavalry, for their bravery and 
good conduct displayed in the action of the 16th of August last, near 
Camden, in the State of South Carolina." Bro. Gist served until the 
close of the war. 

°Bro. Otho Holland Williams, bom in Prince George Comity, Md., 
March, 1749, died about 1800; he enlisted in 1775, wounded and was 
taken prisoner at capture of Fort Washington, November 16, 1776. 
During his captivity he was promoted to Colonel of 6th Maryland, and 
to be Brigadier-General, Continental Army, May 9, 1782. Eetired Jan- 
uary 16, 1783. Died July 16, 1794. 

*Bro. Archibald Anderson, 2d Lieutenant of Hindman's Independent 
Maryland Company, January 14, 1776; 1st Lieutenant, September, 1776, 
Captain of 2d Maryland, December 10, 1776; Major 3d Maryland^ June 
10, 1777; Brigade Major Maryland Brigade, June 16, 1778; killed at 
Guilford, North Carolina, March 15, 1781. 


^ D 

iftnmaieiontg in Sl^atslanti 

No. 27, granted for the Maryland Line, is the application or 
petition to the Grand Lodge for a regimental "Warrant. A 
facsimile of this revolutionary relic is appended. 

This Warrant was applied for on the eve of the departure 
of the troops to take part in the campaign against the British 
in the Southern States, and offers a good illustration of how 
some of the regimental Warrants were used after the inde- 
pendence of the Colonies was assured. 

Bro. Schultz, in his "Freemasonry in Maryland," says: 
"It would be interesting to know who of the old Maryland 
Line were connected with this Lodge, but the records have 
been lost or misplaced, and it is perhaps impossible ever to 
ascertain. Many years ago I was informed by old Masons that 
Gen. Wm. Smallwood and Col. John Eager Howard were 
Masons; if so, in all probability, they were made in one of 
the Army Lodges, as their names are not found upon the 
records of the local Lodges in this State."* 

From a letter subsequently sent to the Grand Lodge we 
learn that this Warrant, papers, etc., of Lodge No. 27, were 
captured by the British at the battle of Camden, August 16, 
1780, and not recovered by Gen. Gist until after the evacua- 
tion of Charleston, December 14, 1782. What finally became 
of the old regimental Warrant is told in the following 

'Cf. Schultz, "History of Freemasonry in Maryland," Vol. I, p. 67. 
Cf. Note 3% p. 80. 




BOTHER GIST after the 
evacuation of Charleston, 
Decenil)er 14, 1782, recov- 
ered the Warrant, of the regi- 
mental Lodge No. 27, which the 
British had captured at the Bat- 
tle of Camden, August 16, 1780. 
At the close of the "War, Bro. 
Gist settled in South Carolina, 
retaining his old Military "War- 
rant, as is shown by the following letters sent to Philadelphia, 
and read before the Grand Lodge, September 28, 1786, viz. : — 

" Charleston 20 May 1786 
" Sir 

" This letter will be accompanied with an address from several 
respectable members of the Antient Craft, now residing in Charles- 
ton; which together with a copy of their proceedings under a Military 
Warrant granted me by your Right Worshipful Lodge will be laid 
before you. 

" The address having sufQciently explained the motives of our 
meeting I have only to account for my conduct in not corresponding 
with the Lodge before this; in which it wiU be necessary to go into 
a short detail of circumstances. 


SttttmaHtmtg in C|iatU0ton, &ont| Catolina 

" If you •will be pleased to refer to the Books of the Grand Lodge 
you wiU find the Warrant granted some time in April 1780 when the 
Maryland Division were on their march to the Southward. The 
hardships of the march, and the difficulties we had to encounter left 
little time for Masonick improvement, and on the 16 Aug' following 
the General Action near Camden, deprived me of all my Baggage, 
papers &c. and the Warrant has only been recovered since the evacu- 
ation of Charleston. 

" These reasons I conceive wiU be deem'd sufficient to clear me 
from any imputation of disrespect to your Eight Worshipful Lodge, 
and place our address upon proper ground. I flatter myself that as 
the customary fees for the Warrant No. 27 were duly paid, and the 
Warrant never since recalled that the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania 
will confirm our right of working under it in Charleston, but if they 
should be disposed to grant a new warrant in preference, that they 
will judge it equitable to dispense with any additional charge, but 
if this is inadmissable th^ Secretary will be pleased to forward an 
amount of the fees, which shall be remitted immediately 
" I have the Honor to be 
« "vvti Respect & Esteem 
" The Right Worshipful " Y' M° Obd' Sevt. 

" W^ Adcock Esq' " M. Gist." 

Grand Master." 


"At a Meeting of ancient Tork Master Masons known to each 
other & approved as such (settled and residing in South Carolina 
but not belonging at the time to any standing Lodge in that State) 
at M' M^Crady's Tavern in Charleston on Saturday March 18th 1786 

" Present : 

" Bro. Mordeeai Gist in the Chair 
" Ephraim Mitchell ' 
" James Mitchell" 
" Richard Brooke Roberts' 

^MSS., Vol. O, paquet 89, foUo 37. 

'Bro. Ephraim Mitchell, Major, South Carolina Artillery, taken pris- 
oner at Charleston, May 12, 1780. 

'Bro. James Mitchell, Captain South Carolina Artillery, wounded at 
Stone Ferry, South Carolina, June 20, 1779. 

* Bro. Richard Brooke Eoberts, Captain, South Carolina State Artillery, 


Bro. William Graham 
" "William Valentine 
" Edward M-^Crady 
" Thomas B. Bowen' 
" Alex. Praser Jmi'' 
" On Motion 

" Besolved That the Brethren -who constitute this Meeting do agree 
to form a Lodge of ancient York Masons & that they now proceed 
to appoint Officers for the same. 

" The meeting proceeded to ballot for a Master and Wardens when 
Brother Gen' Gist was chosen Master 

" Brother T. B. Bowen S. W. Brother E. Mitchell J. W. 
"Brother W. Graham Treas. Brother A. Eraser Sec^. 
"Brother Gist having laid before the Members of this Meeting 
a Military Warrant Number 27 granted him by the Right Worship- 
full Grand Lodge of Pensylvania requested their opinion upon the 
propriety of congregating under that Warrant until the Opinion of 
the Bight Worshipfull Lodge aforesaid can be obtained on the Sub- 
ject. On Motion Eesolved that the Worshipfull Master Wardens 
Treasurer & Secretary or any three of them be & are hereby ap- 
pointed a Committee to frame a letter to the Grand Lodge of Pensyl- 
vania upon this business & request their Answer may be transmitted 
as early as possible 

" Ordered That the Committee report on Monday Week. The 
Meeting adjourned to Monday the 27"' Inst. 7 o'Clock P. M. 

" A true Extract 

« T. B. BowEN." 

This was evidently followed by another address, dated 
August 1, 1786, which was sent in duplicate. Both copies 
are in the Archives of the Grand Lodge,'^ viz. : 

1779; Aide-de-Camp to Gen. Lincoln in 1782; Captain, U. S. Infantry, 
March 4, 1791; Major, 3d Sub-Legion, 1793, 4th Infantry, 1796. Died 
January 19, 1797. 

"Bro. Thomas Bartholomew Bowen, Captain, 5th Pennsylvania. Re- 
tired January 1, 1781, and settled in South Carolina. 

• Bro. Alexander Fraser, 1st Lieutenant, 1st South Carolina, taken pris- 
oner at Charleston, May 12, 1780. 

'MSS., Vol. O, paquet 89, folio 40. 


%ohst So. 27, SL. % 9?., at Cgatlesfton 

" Chaeleston, August 1»' 1786. 

"To the Right Worshipful William Adcock Esquire Grand Master 
of Masons; The Worshipful Deputy Grand Master, Grand Ward- 
ens, and Others the Officers and Members of the Grand Lodge in 

" The Subscribers Ancient York Masons in the Third Degree, 
known to each other and approved as True and faithful Brothers 
of the ancient Craft; Beg leave, with due respect, 

" Humbly to Represent, 

" That we, being settled & residing in Charleston, South Carolina, 
and not members of any particular Lodge therein ; and being anxious 
to extend the benign influence of Masonry, by forming & establish- 
ing a Lodge regular in itself and respectable in its Members; have 
congregated together under a Warrant granted from your Right 
Worshipful Body to our Worshipful Brother B. G. Mordecai Gist, 
as Master, and others therein named; numbered Twenty-six and 
bearing date the fourth day of April in the year of Masonry 5780: 
which, by reference to your Books, wiR fully appear. 

" That having proceeded to the choice of Officers, We have re- 
elected Brother Mordecai Gist, Master; and have also elected Brother 
Thomas B. Bowen Senior Warden; Brother Ephraim Mitchel, junior 
Warden; Brother William Graham, Treasurer; and Brother Alex- 
ander Fraser, jun'', Secretary: 

" That, willing to obviate every doubt of the legality of a Lodge 
so formed under a Military Warrant, we have determined to proceed 
no further for the present and to defer the consecration thereof, 
and the instalment of our said Officers, untill we are honor'd with 
your answer on the subject. 

"We therefore Pray that you, our Right Worshipful Brethren, 
in your Wisdom, and to the discouragement of the modem Seism 
which has too generally obtained footing in this State, Will be 
pleased to grant us a confirmation of the above recited Warrant; 
or such other Authority as you may deem sufficient to enable us to 
work the Works of Masonry according to the ancient Rites and 
Usages of the True Craft; in support of which our fervency, con- 
stancy and zeal may be depended on, as well as our obedience to 
the Grand Lodge. 


" We intreat your immediate answer; and are with great deference, 
brotherly love, and masonic attachment 

" Eight "Worshipful 

" Your affectionate Brethem 
and Humble Servants 
"M. Gist 
"T. B. BowBK 
" Ephraim Mitchell 
" "WiliiUm: Graham 
" Alex Feasee, Jun' 
" Edwabd MCGradt 
" J. Mitchell 
« JnO. M. Davis 
"Efos Reeves" 
" EichD B. Egberts " 

" We the Subscribers Masters & Pass Masters of Lodges viz. : 
Lodge Number 190 under the Eegister of Great Britain Lodge No. 38 
& Lodge No. 40 under the Eegister of Pennsylvania Do hereby 
Certify that Brothers Mordecai Gist Thomas B. Bowen Ephraim 
Mitchell William Graham & Alexander Eraser are known &I approved 
to us Master Masons in the ancient Craft of good Report & worthy 
of the Appointment of Officers in a Lodge of ancient York Masons. 

" Edward Weyman P. M. Lodge 38. Pt^^. Smith W. M. L. No. 

" A. Alexander W. M. L. No 38 

" Jeevis Henry Stevens W. M. Lodge No. 40.» 

These letters were read at the first Communicatioii of the 
Independent Grand Lodge, September 28, 1786, when it was 
ordered that the said request of the Brethren in Charleston 
be granted, and the Secretary desired to make the "Warrant 
out in the name of Mordecai Gist, Master, Thomas B. Bowen, 
Senior Warden, Ephraim Mitchell, Junior Warden. 

This Warrant evidently bore the same number as the old 
Military Warrant of the Maryland Line, No. 27. 

'Bro. Enos Beeves, First Lieutenant, 2nd Pennsylvania. Served to 
November, 1783, and settled in Charleston, S. C. 
•MSS., Vol. O, paquet 89, folio 40. 


T5vi>, (3i&V& C||atIe0tpn Hotist 

Nothing appears to be known of the history of this Lodge. 
It was evidently formed for the express purpose of making a 
fifth Lodge of "Ancients" in South Carolina, so that an 
"Ancient" Grand Lodge could be legally formed in that 
State, in opposition to the irregular (?) Grand Lodge of 
"Moderns," then claiming jurisdiction in South Carolina — 
an act which was consummated almost immediately upon re- 
ceipt of the Pennsylvania Warrant, No. 27. 

No mention of this is made by Dr. Albert G. Mackey in his 
"History of Freemasonry in South Carolina." Bro. Gist and 
the Brethren of his Lodge, however, became active factors in 
the formation of the Grand Lodge of South Carolina, An- 
cients, in 1787, in which Bro. Gist became the first Deputy 
Grand Master, serving in that office, 1787-88-89. In 1790, 
he was elected Grand Master, and held the office for two years, 
when he was succeeded by Bro. Major Thomas^ B. Bowen, who 
had been his Senior Warden under his reissued Pennsylvania 
Warrant No. 27. 

No reports of Lodge No. 27 at Charleston were ever made 
to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, as the Lodge almost im- 
mediately after the Warrant was issued joined the new inde- 
pendent Grand Lodge of South Carolina. As a matter of fact, 
this Grand Lodge was formed by the five Lodges which owed 
their fealty to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, as will 
appear in the history of Lodges 38, 40 and 47. 

The only further notice of Bro. Gist's Charleston Lodge in 
the Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania is con- 
tained in the report of the committee on "the State of Country 
Lodges," made to the Grand Lodge, October 16, 1809, where 
we find the following note : 

"No. 27, Charleston, South Carolina, not known when granted. 
Joined the Grand Lodge of South Carolina. No Eetums." 


It was while Bro. General Gist was Grand Master, in 1791, 
that Washington visited, as President, the Southern States — 
where he had never been — ^that he might make himself per- 
sonally acquainted with his feUow citizens residing in that 
portion of the country. 

On his arrival in South Carolina, President Washington 
was addressed by the Grand Lodge, A. Y. M., of South Caro- 
lina in the following language i^" 

" Sir : Induced by respect for your public and private character, as 
well as the relation in which you stand with the Brethren of this 
Society, we, the Grand Lodge of the State of South Carolina, Ancient 
York Masons, beg leave to offer our sincere congratulations on your 
arrival in this State. 

" We felecitate you on the establishment and exercise of a perma- 
nent Government, whose foundation was laid, under your auspices, 
by military achievements, upon which have been progressively reared 
the pillars of the Free Republic over which you preside, supported 
by wisdom, strength and beauty, unrivalled among the nations of the 

" The fabric thus raised and committed to your superintendence 
we earnestly wish may continue to produce order and harmony, to 
succeeding ages, and be the asylum of virtue to the oppressed of aU 
parts of the universe. 

" When we contemplate the distress of war, the instances of 
humanity displayed by the Craft afford some relief to the feeling 
mind: and it gives us the most pleasing sensation to recollect that, 
amidst the difficulties attendant on your late military stations, you 
still associated with and patronized the Ancient Fraternity. 

" Distinguished always by your virtues more than the exalted 
stations in which you have moved, we exult in the opportunity you 
now give us in haihng you, Brother of our Order, and trust from 
your knowledge of our institution, to merit your countenance and 

" With fervid zeal for your happiness, we pray that a life so dear 
to the bosom of this Society, and to society in general, may be 
long, very long preserved ; and, when you leave the temporal symboUo 

^Vide Mackey, "History of Freemasonry in South Carolina," pp. 


ma^UtifSton*^ Witiflie 

Lodge of this world, may you be received into the Celestial Lodge 
of light and perfection, where the Grand Master Architect of the 
universe presides. 
" Done in behalf of Grand Lodge. 
" Charleston, 2d May 1791. 

«M. Gist, G. M." 

To this address, Washington made the following reply : 

" To THE Graitd Lodge of South Carolina, Ancient Yoke Masons : 

" Gentlemen: I am much obliged by the respect which you are so 
good as to declare for my public and private character. I recognize, 
with pleasure, my relation to the Brethren of your Society; and I 
accept with gratitude, your congratulations on my arrival ia South 

" Your sentiments on the establishment and exercise of our equal 
Government are worthy of an association whose principles lead to 
purity of morals, and are beneficial of action. 

" The fabric of our freedom is placed on the enduring basis of 
public virtue, and will, I fondly hope, long continue to protect the 
prosperity of the architects who raised it. 

"I shall he happy on every occasion to evince my regard for the 
Fraternity. For your prosperity individually, I offer my best wishes. 

"Geo. Washington." 

This was the last official act of Bro, Gist, of which we have 
any record. He died in the following year, July 9, 1792. 





OTHING is known of the regi- 
mental Warrant noted in the list 
IS number 28, and granted to the 
Brethren in the Pennsylvania 
Line, except the short mention of 
the Lodge in the report of the 
"Committee appointed to enquire 
and Report what Lodges under 
the Jurisdiction of Your R. W. 
Grand Lodge have heretofore 
been Constituted, when they were so Constituted and their 
respective places of Meeting, which of the said Lodges have 
been otherwise Vacated or become extinct, and which of them 
Remain in full standing, the Amount, (so far as it is practic- 
able to be ascertained,) of the Dues owing by each Lodge when 
they have severally last communicated with the Grand Lodge 
and generally into the Circumstances and situation of all the 
Lodges out of the City of Philadelphia. Respectfully Report 
as follows, to wit: . . , That Lodge No. 28, Pennsylvania 
Line. Not known when granted. Vacated. No Returns.'"- 

' Vide Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. II, p. 416. 


Kebolt ot t^t ^mnfiigViania %im 

The Warrant No. 28 upon the Eegistry of Pennsylvania, 
was granted to Brethren in the "Pennsylvania Line," a body 
of troops composed of several Pennsylvania regiments in the 
Continental army. At the time when both Warrants No. 28 
and 29 were granted, there was considerable dissatisfaction 
among these troops, on account of being detained in the service, 
after their terms of enlistment had ceased, and they were un- 
willing to submit for a longer period to the usual privations of 
poor and uncertain pay, scanty food of bad quality, and 
wretchedly inadequate camp equipage and clothing. This 
condition culminated in a serious revolt, or mutiny, of a part 
of the Pennsylvania Line, at their camp at Morristown, New 
Jersey. On the night of January 1, 1781, they broke out in 
open revolt, and during the disturbance one of their officers 
was killed and another wounded. Under the leadership of 
their non-commissioned officers, they commenced a disorderly 
march for Philadelphia, but at Princeton were met by officers 
of the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania ; and, after 
a conference with the soldiers, a compromise was effected. 

This act, however, resulted in a reorganization of the Penn- 
sylvania Line, the retirement and shifting of some of the offi- 
cers, and undoubtedly acted adversely upon the Brethren who 
held Warrant No. 28 and expected to introduce the beneficence 
of Freemasonry in their battalions wherever located. 

Then again it may be that the Brethren holding this War- 
rant may have been ordered South early in the year 1781, and 
that their experience may have been the same as that of their 
Brethren in the Maryland, North Carolina or Delaware Lines, 
who lost their Warrants at the battles of Camden, Guilford 
Courthouse, Cowpens or Butaw. 




N almost absolute lack of docu- 
mentary records confronts the in- 
vestigator, who seeks informa- 
tion about the various regimental 
Masonic Lodges, in the armies of 
the Colonies during the Kevolu- 

This is due to several causes. 
The regiments, or battalions, to 
which they were attached, being 
in the field, were often divided, the detachments being sta- 
tioned in different places. Then again, as was the case with 
Col. Procter's Lodge, some were composed of Brethren in 
different arms of the service, and members from other states 
and regiments, which were not always brigaded together, and 
often separated at short notice. 

The uncertainty of holding regular stated meetings, through 
the needs of the service and the vicissitudes of war, all tended 
to interrupt the regular routine, and the sending of reports 
and remittances to the Grand Lodge, to which they owed 


P«nn0glbanfa mnitm %oH(> Mo, 20, SI, g. 9?. 

Not the least duty of these Brethren was the keeping secure 
the Warrant, minutes and records of their Lodge from theft 
while on the march or in the field, and, when at the front, 
from falling into the hands of the enemy. 

In the case of the Pennsylvania-Union Lodge, No. 29, A. Y, 
M., we have possibly more original authentic data than of any 
other regimental Lodge, giving us a complete list of the 
Brethren who applied for the original "Warrant. 

These fragmentary reports further show how these military 
Warrants were occasionally used in localities outside of the 
military organization to which they were granted, or was con- 
tinued in use after the war was over, and all regimental 
Warrants had been called in. 

At a Grand Lodge held in "due" form, July 27, 1780, the 
following petition was received from forty-eight Brethren of 
the Pennsylvania Line :^ 

"To the Bight Worshipfull TF™ Ball Esq" Grand Master, John 
Coats Esq" Bepv Grand Master, M" Alex" Butherford Sen" Grand 
Warden and Jacob Sam^ Howell Jun" Grand Warden of the 
Grand Lodge of Philadelphia. 

" We the subscribers Brethren in the Penns" Line of the American 
Army, have long lamented our not being invested with the Power to 
Meet and improve ourselves in the Antient and Honorable art of 
Free Masonry. In order to remedy this unhappy defect a Gen" 
Meeting of the Brethren in S* Line was conven'd, at which meeting 
it was imanimously determined a Petition should be drawn up pray- 
ing that a Warrant might be granted to the S* Brethren of the 
Penns* Line by which they might be authoris'd to meet in Lawfull 
Lodge there to improve themselves. Attend to and Study such things 
as may prove serviceable to the S* Lodge in particular and the craft 
in General. 

"Your Petitioners therefore pray that a Warrant may be made 
out Stiled the Penns' Union Lodge Nominating our worthy and well 
beloved Brother Major James Moore Master, Our Worthy B-other 

"MS8., Vol. O, paquet 90, folios 43-52. 


Jii° Eogers, Surgeon, to be Senior Warden, and our worthy brother 
John Pratt, Surgeon, Jun"^ Warden. 

" We further pray that in case our petition meets a favourable 
reception the Brethren aforesaid may be furnished with a set of 
bye laws as shall by the Grand Lodge be esteemed necessary." 

This petition was signed by no less than forty-eight Breth- 
ren. A duplicate copy of the same was made by Bro. John 
Pratt, the Junior Warden named in the Warrant, and attested 
by Col. Procter. This copy has come down to us. The names 
of the Brethren are, in some cases, misspelled; in others the 
given name is either omitted or the first letter only given, and, 
in some cases, incorrectly. The present writer has endeavored 
to supply the missing parts, correct the errors and, further, 
to identify these patriotic Brethren and give a short account 
of their services rendered their country during the struggle 
for independence, and, in a few cases, against the Indians in 
later years. 

In the following list, where no military record is appended, 
the Brethren were either non-commissioned officers, or the 
names are misspelled beyond identification; every effort has 
been made to identify these Brethren from the official records, 
without result. 

Major James Moore, named as Master in the Warrant, entered 
the service January 5, 1776, as Captain of the 4th Penn- 
sylvania Battalion. September 20, 1777, promoted Major 
of '1st Pennsylvania, transferred to 2d Pennsylvania, 
January 1, 1783, and served to November, 1783. 

John Eogers : [John R. B. Rodgers] , named as Senior Warden 
in the Warrant, was the Surgeon of the 1st Pennsylvania 
Regiment, served to June 3, 1783. Died January 29, 1833. 

The following are the names appended to the petition at 
whose request it was presented : 


&isntt& to tit petition 

William Gray. Captain, 4th Pennsylvania, retired January 
17, 1781. Died, July 18, 1804. 

E[dwaed] Spear. Second Lieutenant, 6tli Pennsylvania; 
1781, transferred to 1st Pennsylvania; served to No- 
vember, 1783; Lieutenant, U. S. Artillery Batalion, Sep- 
tember 10, 1787 ; Lieutenant, Artillery U. S. Army, Sep- 
tember, 1789; killed, November 4, 1791, in action witli 
the Indians near Fort Recovery, Ohio (St. Clair's defeat). 

A[ndrew] Johnson. First Lieutenant and Eegimental 
Quartermaster, 1st Pennsylvania. 

J[ames] Milagan [Milligan]. First Lieutenant, 4th Penn- 

J[ohn] Botd. Captain Lieutenant, 12th Pennsylvania, re- 
tired January 17, 1781. Died, February 13, 1832. 

W. Fernleae. 

F[rancis] Mantzies [Mentqes]. Lieutenant Colonel, 5th 
Pennsylvania, retired, January 1, 1783. 

J[ohn] Hughs [Httghes]. First Lieutenant, 4th Pennsyl- 
vania. Served to the close of the war. 

J[ohn] McKenet [McKinney]. First Lieutenant, 5th Penn- 
sylvania, served to June 3, 1783. Deputy Commissary 
of Purchases, U. S. Army, April 25, 1812; honorably dis- 
charged June 1, 1821. Died, November 25, 1833. 

F[rancis] White. Lieutenant, 10th Pennsylvania, retired, 
January 1, 1783. 

T. Pason. 

W[illiam] McCurdy. Captain, 11th Pennsylvania, served 
to June 2, 1783 ; Captain U. S. Infantry, August 12, 1784 ; 
resigned, June 4, 1791. Died, 1822. 

[John] Christer [Christie]. Captain, 5th Pennsylvania; 
transferred to 3d Pennsylvania ; served to June 3, 1783. 
Affiliated with Lodge No. 8, June 15, 1784. 


€>Iti 9^afionit %oHt0 of prnn^^lbania 

J[ohn] Bush. Captain Lieutenant, 3d Pennsylvania; re- 
tired, January 1, 1783. 

J Feenan, 

S[amuel] Smith. Captain, 5th Pennsylvania; retired, Janu- 
ary 17, 1781; Brigadier-General, Pennsylvania Volun- 
teers, War of 1812. Died, September 17, 1835. 

E Bevins [Wilder Bevins] . First Lieutenant, 4tli Penn- 
sylvania; transferred to 1st Pennsylvania, January 1, 
1783. Served to close of war. Died, August 3, 1809. 


E[ekurius] Beatty. Kegimental Paymaster; wounded at 
Germantown, 4th Pennsylvania; served to November 3, 
1783; Lieutenant, U. S. Infantry, August 12, 1784; 
Major in 1st Sub-Legion, September 4, 1792. Reagned, 
November 27, 1792. Died, February 3, 1823. 

J[ohn] McGowan. Brigade Major; wounded at German- 
town ; transferred to Invalid Regiment, February 3, 1781, 
and served to June, 1783. Died, November, 1805. 

J[ohn] Davis. Captain, 9th Pennsylvania; transferred to 1st 
Pennsylvania, January 17, 1781, retired, January 1 1783. 
Died, July 10, 1827. 

[Samuel] Moeeison. Lieutenant, 11th Pennsylvania; trans- 
ferred to 6th Pennsylvania, January 17, 1781. 

T[homas] Campbell. Captain Lieutenant, 4th Pennsylvania ; 
wounded at Germantown. Retired. January 1. 1783. 
Died, 1815. 

W[illiam] Henderson. Captain, 4th Pennsylvania; taken 
prisoner at Long Island, August 27, 1776. Retired, 
January 1, 1783. 

[Joseph] McClellan. Captain, 9th Pennsylvania. Re- 
signed, January 17, 1781, Died, October 24, 1834. 

[Caleb] North. Lieutenant Colonel, 9th Pennsylvania. 


&f|j;net;0 tp t^t petttton 

Retired, January 1, 1783. Affiliated with Lodge No. 8, 
Jime 15, 1784. Died, November 7, 1840. 
- McDowL [McDowell]. 

■W[alter] Stuart [Stewart]. Colonel, 12tli Pennsylvania; 
retired, January 1, 1783. In 1776 Bro. Stewart was 
Major, Aide-de-Camp to General Gates. By Act of Con- 
gress, November 19, 1776, it was "Resolved, that Major 
Stewart, who brought the late intelligence from Gen. 
Gates, and who is recommended as a deserving officer, 
have the rank of Lieutenant Colonel by brevet, and be 
presented with a sword to the value of one hundred (100) 

'W[illlam] Butler. Lieutenant Colonel, Commanding 4th 
Pennsylvania. Retired, January 1, 1783. Died, 1789. 

J. Kein. 

■W[illiam] Huston. First Lieutenant, 11th Pennsylvania; 
transferred to 6th Pennsylvania, January 17, 1781; to 
2d Pennsylvania, January 1, 1783, and served to June 3, 

J[ohn] Doyl [Doyle]. Captain, 6th Pennsylvania; served 
to June 3, 1783. 

P[rancis] Johnson [Johnston]. Colonel, 5th Pennsylvania. 
Retired, January 17, 1781. Died, February 22, 1815. 

J[osiah] Harmer. Lieutenant Colonel, commandant, 7th 
Pennsylvania; served to November 3, 1783; later. Lieu- 
tenant Colonel, Commandant of U. S. Infantry Regiment, 
and also Commander of the U. S. Army from August 12, 
1784, to March 4, 1791 ; Brevet Brigadier General, July 
31, 1787. Resigned, January 1, 1792. Died, August 29, 

A [dam] Hublet. Lieutenant Colonel, commandant 11th 


Pennsylvania. Retired, January 17, 1781. Died, May, 

J. Rogers. 

J[ames] Gbieb. Major, 10th Pennsylvania; wounded at 
Brandywine; Brevet Lieutenant Colonel, September 30, 
1783. Served to November, 1783. 

J [ames] Wilson, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania. Retired, Janu- 
ary 1, 1781. 

B[enjamin] Lodge. First Lieutenant, 6tli Pennsylvania. 
Served to June 3, 1783. 

A[iiEXANDEB] Stuart [Stewart]. Surgeon, lOtb Pennsyl- 
vania. Retired, January 1, 1783. 

T[homas] Creig [Craig]. Colonel, 3d Pennsylvania. Re- 
tired, January 1, 1783. Died, January 14, 1832. 

J [ames] Parr. Major, 7tli Pennsylvania. Retired, January 
17, 1781. 

T[homas Lloyd] Moore. Major, 9tli Pennsylvania. Retired, 
January 1, 1783. Later, Lieutenant Colonel, U. S. In- 
fantry. Honorably discharged, June 15, 1800. Died, 

T[homas] Pry. Captain, 2d Canadian (Hazen's) Regiment. 
Retired, Jajiuary 1, 1783. 

R[iohabd] Butler. Colonel, 9th Pennsylvania; transferred 
to 3d Pennsylvania, January 1, 1783 ; served to November 
3, 1783; Brevet Brigadier-General, September 30, 1783; 
Major-General United States Levies in 1791. Killed, No- 
vember 4, 1791, in action with Indians near Fort Re- 
covery, Ohio. 

T[homas] Church. Major, 4th Pennsylvania Battalion. Re- 
tired, January 17,1781. Installed May 16, 1786, as War- 
rant Master of Lodge No. 47 at Reading.^ 

'Cf. "Old Masonic Lodges of Pennsylvania," VoL I, p. 233. 


JnisitaUation ot SDtBicn^ 

E[van] Edwabds. Major, 11th Pennsylvania; former Aide- 
de-Camp to Gen. Lee; transferred to 4tli Pennsylvania, 
January 17, 1781. Retired, January 1, 1783. 

A[ndeew] Lttlb. Regimental Quartermaster, 12th Pennsyl- 
vania ; transferred to 1st Pennsylvania, January 1, 1783. 

Signed by me. 

John Pratt [named as Junior Warden in the Warrant]. 
The Brother who copied this petition was a Lieutenant 
in the 4th Pennsylvania, transferred to 3d Regiment, 
January 1, 1783; Regimental Quartermaster, May 22, 
1783; Lieutenant, U. S. Infantry, July 15, 1785; Regi- 
mental Quarter Master, October 3, 1786 ; Lieutenant, 1st 
Infantry U. S. Army, September 29, 1789; Captain, 
March 4, 1791. Resigned, December 5, 1793. 

Countersigned: Thos. Procter, 
Camp, June 2, 1780. 

The petition was countersigned and recommended by Col. 
Thomas Procter, Master of No. 19. After it had been read in 
the. Grand Lodge, the ballot being put, it was unanimously 
voted to grant them a Warrant for a new Lodge to be num- 
bered 29. 

At the Grand Quarterly Communication, December 18, 
1780, Colonel Procter, Master of No. 19, reported that, agree- 
able to order, he had installed the officers of the new military 
Lodge, No. 29, held among the Brethren of the Pennsylvania 

The following letter and proceedings of Lodge No. 29 were 
sent to Deputy Grand Master Rutherford early in the year 
1781; no action appears to have been taken thereon: 

" Dear Brother 

" I Beg leave to lay Before you the Proceedings of Lodge No. 29, 
eonceming the Child of our Deceased Brother Bittin [Bitting] which 
I am sensible will meet with your aprobation & am well assured 


Nothing will be Wanting in your Power to promote our Good 

"I am informed you will call a Grand Lodge next Week, & I 
Eegret that it will not be in my Power to Continue in the City till 
that time, I must therefore Request you will lay before the Eight 
Worshipfull Grand Lodge the Proceedings of our Lodge, I ask your 
Influence to have it taken up by them on a Liberal footing 

"When I consider the obligations we are under I can Hardly 
Doubt but every Lodge under your Jurisdiction wiU most Cheer- 
fully Concur with us in alleviating the Distress of the Widow & 

" I am D"- Brother 

" Should the other Lodges Not 
Come in this affair the 10 Pounds 
Annually we will Not think our- 
selves bound to Pay. 

" The Right Worshipfull D. G. Master 

" At.tbt B Rutherford." 

" wishing you Every Success 
" Yours affectionately 
" r. MOOEE Master 
« No. 29 " 

"In Lodge NO. 29 — Cokvened in Philadelphia 

« Peb^ 6, 1781 

"The peculiar Situation of our late Worthy Brother Adam 
BittiQg's Widow & three small Children, was made known to the 
Lodge by the Worshipful Master who requested that Ways and 
Means might be adopted to aleviate their present Distress as far aa 
our Circumstances wou'd admit, and the following Method being 
proposed as the most eligible to answer the laudable purpose was 
cheerfully agreed to — 

" That two, or three Brethren be appointed Guardians to take care 
of the eldest son of our deceased Brother, who it is our Wish should 
receive a genteel & Liberal Education from the Donations or Charity 
of the Fraternity, and the more fully to enable the Guardians to 
execute that Trust, We have agreed to raise the Sum of One hundred 
pounds in the new limitted State or Continental Currency, by the 
first Day of May next, which we shall put into the Hands of the 
Guardians to be appointed & also that We consider ourselves bound 
to pay annually to the said Guardians for the nursing Expence of the 
said Boy £10 from the funds of our Lodge untUl such time as his 
Education shall be eompleated and he be able to procure a Comfort- 
able living for himself. 

"But should the said Boy die before his Education can be eom- 


SLpVtal to t^t (Btanli fLottst 

pleated, then the Hundred Pounds put into the hands of the Guar- 
dians shall be refunded back to the said Lodge for other charitable 
purposes & also the Annual Sum of £10 shall 6ease. 

" Signed on behalf of the Lodge 
" T. Moore, masf." 

After the battle at Yorktown and the surrender of Com- 
wallis, October 19, 1781, the Pennsylvania brigade became 
separated, a part of the line being ordered southward, while 
another detachment of the Pennsylvania troops were stationed 
in Dorchester County on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, at 
Cambridge, on the Choptank River. After the latter was 
settled in their quarters, Bro. Thomas Bourke, the Master, 
sent the following letter to the Grand Lodge, which was read 
at the Grand Quarterly Communication, December, 1781 ; the 
reasons given therein were deemed a sufScient excuse for the 
non-attendance of their officers at this Communication. 

" Cambridge Dee' 19, 1781 
"Bight Worshipful 

"We had the honour of a Summons from the Grand Lodge sent 
to us under cover of a letter from B' J. Coats, which we received last 
night. As this is the first mark we have had of your attention to us, 
we felt a sensible pleasure, but lamented the impossibility of obeying 
the Summons. Our distance from Phila*% the Season of the year, 
and the time of notice rendered it impracticable. Our intention to 
conform to the ancient Constitution, and conduct ourselves as Masons. 
I have already mentioned in my letter to you last June, as also our 
wish to receive what instruction you, in your Wisdom, thought proper 
to give us. We are a young Body though flourishing. What instruc- 
tion we have as yet received we owe to our Worthy B' Coats who has 
watched us with a paternal, if I may be permitted the expression, 
care. He has frequently inspected our minutes and has approved of 
them. They are ready for your inspection. The Warrant shall be 
laid before you when I have the honour to meet you, which shall be, 
if possible, at your next communication, if you'll be so kind as to 
give timely notice. 

" We have not heard from B"- J. S. Howel who is an honorary 


member of our Lodge and is requested to represent us, however we 
make not the least doubt but he has acted a Brotherly part by us. 
Our arrearages we are ready to pay on Demand. We shall be pleased 
to receive a dozen Copies of the book of Constitutions and shall direct 
the money to be advanced to be lodged in the hands of B"' Howel. 

" I am, Right Worshipful, in behalf of Lodge No. 29, 
" Your very Hble Serv' and Brother 

" ThomS Bouhke* Master Lodge 29." 

The following petition was read before the Grand Lodge at 
the Communication on the evening of St. John's Day, De- 
cember 27, 1873 : 

" To THE Right Woeshipfull Graot) Master, Sen^ and Jtotiob 
Grand Wardens and Members of the Grand Lodge op 

" The Petition of Sundry Members of Lodge No. 29 Granted to the 
ofiBeers of the Penn" Line Humbly Sheweth 

" That your petitioners Entertain a due sense of the Honor Con- 
ferr'd upon them by Granting a Warrant whereby we were Enabled 
to Converse with More Ease and Enjoy'd Many Benefits while 
the Line remain'd in an Undevided State, but the Separation that 
took place among us in 1781 By a Number be Necessarily Detached 
to the Southard, among whom was Brother Moore who took the 
Warrent with him, leave'g a Majority of the Members in the State 
they were there fore Depriv'd of Receiving any Benefit from it. On 
the Return of the Warrent and Brethren to this place a Lodge has 
Never Been caU'd, and Major Moore who was Continued Master has 
taken the Warrent with him. The Jewels, Books and papers Belong- 
ing to the Lodge to his Command at Wyoming, where there is but one 
Member with him, who are station'd at a Great Distance, our Ex- 
penses of it are still going on with out the Least prospect of any 
Benefit Arrissing to Us from it. there is Money in the Hand of our 
old treasurer here that Cannot be appropriated to any Use. Initia- 
tion fees that we Cannot Receive and a Large Sum of Lodge Dues 
that we cannot Collect, and a Number of Members that want Clear- 

" Thomas Bourke, who signs himself as Master of No. 29, was a native 
of Maryland, and served as Captain in the 4th Maryland Battalion of the 
Plying Camp, July to December, 1776. 


%ttaU ot '^t&MUns matt&nt^ 

ances that Cannot Get them. We beg our situations may be taken 
into Consideration, and we hope the Right Worshipful! Grand Master 
&c. Will Call the present Warrent to the Body of the Lodge, Call it 
in Intirely or Grant Clearances (to the Members that wish it) from 
the Lodge. 

" Signed in Behalf of Eighteen Members (which is all that Could 
be Collected) by us their Committee 

"John DoYiiE 

"Ends Eekves 

" [Erkubius] Beattt 

" AndEW LTTIJi " 

" Dec' 26, 1783, 

The Minutes of the Grand Lodge continue: "On Motion 
it was Unanimously Agreed, That all travelling Warrants 
heretofore granted by this Grand Lodge, be called in by the 
Grand Sec":" 




^lY'^O^ ^ li^t °^ Warrants is- 
JJ] sued by the Grand Lodge 
of Pennsylvania it appears 
that a Warrant bearing the Num- 
ber 29 was granted to some of the 
Brethren, who were stationed or 
resident at the close of the Revolu- 
tionary War, at Cambridge, Dor- 
chester County, an important cen- 
ter on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, situated on the south 
bank of the Choptank River, which was navigable at that point. 
This Warrant was for a new Lodge, which grew out of the 
old regimental Pennsylvania-Union Lodge No. 29,^ whose War- 
rant was in the hands of the Warrant Master Bro. Moore, who 
was stationed elsewhere with a detachment of the Pennsyl- 
vania Line. 

Consequently the Brethren in the Pennsylvania Line sent a 
petition, signed by several of the Brethren, a committee of 
Lodge 29, requesting that the regimental Warrant should be 
called in, or that certificates may be given to the petitioners, 

' Vide Chapter XXXIV, supra. 


%ot>st Mo, 29, SL if. 9?., at CamfitibBe, 9^6, 

as they cannot receive any benefit from said "Warrant, as the 
Master of that Lodge is now at a great distance from this 
place (Cambridge, Maryland). This was read before Grand 
Lodge, December 27, 1783, and, upon motion, unanimously 
agreed, that all travelling "Warrants, heretofore granted by 
this Grand Lodge, be called in by the Grand Secretary, as 
already stated in the last chapter.^* 

The Cambridge Brethren, however, were given the same 
number as the old Lodge. That there were two separate and 
distinct organizations at Cambridge bearing the same number, 
is shown by the different Communications sent to the Grand 

The second "Warrant was evidently granted some time in 
1782, and the Lodge was a strictly Maryland organization. 
The officers were : 

Bro. Thomas Bourke,' W. Master, 

" William Jameson, Senior Warden, 

" John Stevens, Junior Warden, 

" Eobertson Stevens, Secretary. 

This Lodge became an active Masonic body, extending its 
influence into the surrounding counties, as is shown in the 
communications to the Grand Lodge, in the interest of 
Brethren in Somerset County, also on the Eastern Shore, 
resulting in the granting of another "Warrant for a Lodge in 
that part of Maryland. This "Warrant was numbered 37, and 
granted September 2, 1782.3 

In addition to the above, at the Grand Communication, 
December 23, 1782, 

" Reprint of Minutes of the Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 68. 
'Bro. Thomas Bourke, Captain 4th Maryland Battalion of the Flying 
Camp, July to December, 1776. 
'Vide Chapter XLIII, irnfra. 


" A dispensation for six months was given our worthy Brethren 
"WiUiam Smith G* Secy and John Coats, to initiate into the Mysteries 
of Ancient Masonry Gen. Hooper and others, Modem Masons, agree- 
able to a Letter from Brother Bourke, Master of N<> 29." 

Within a year after receiving the new Warrant, the Cam- 
bridge Lodge became an active factor in the abortive attempt 
to establish a Grand Lodge in Maryland. The first convention 
of Freemasons on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, for the 
purpose of forming a Grand Lodge independent of the Grand 
Lodge of Pennsylvania, was held at Talbot Court House, June 
17, 1783. Upon this occasion, the Cambridge Lodge was 
represented by its Senior and Junior Wardens. On the thirty- 
first day of July a "Grand Convention" was beld at the same 
place, when the Lodge was represented by the Master, Bro. 
Thomas Bourke, Bro. John Stevens, Junior Warden, and Bro. 
Robertson Stevens, Secretary. At this meeting Bro. Thomas 
Bourke was chosen Senior Grand Warden of the new 

On December 18, 1783, the convention again met at Talbot 
Court House and opened in due form, when a "Com- 
munication was read from the Grand Lodge of Pennsyl- 
vania."'* Cambridge was then named for the next place of 
meeting, and June 17, 1784, should be the day. 

However, this meeting was never held, as the movement 

The Cambridge Lodge, No. 29, continued under the Grand 
Lodge of Pennsylvania, and, in reply to a circular letter sent 
out by the Grand Lodge to all Subordinate Lodges, in refer- 
ence to securing a Lodge house, December, 1785, stated: 

"Letter in full, p. 130. "History of Freemasonry in Maryland," by 
Bro. Edward T. Schtdtz,- Baltimore, 1884. Cf. note 5, p. 55. 


(Sum %oHe ot St^atslanti 

" Cambridge Dobchestek Co. Maeyiand, 20* March 1786 
" Sir <t Brother 

" We were lately favored ■with a letter from the Grand Lodge of 
Pensylvania, requesting a contribution from us to enable them to 
build a house in Philad* for the use of that Lodge & others within 
its jurisdiction. This request was considered as early as possible in 
a full meeting of our Lodge, when it appeared to be the sense of the 
Brethren, that though we had held ourselves independent of the 
jurisdiction of the Pensylv" Grand Lodge, yet the failure on our 
side in supporting one on this shore, masonieally required a return 
to our ancient govemours. And that we were bound as far as 
capable to contribute, not only to the aggrandizement of your Lodge, 
but to bestow our mite in promotion of the general good of the 

"With this consideration in its due weight upon our minds, it 
remained an object of just deliberation, whether, in our present situ- 
ation, we could comply with your requisition, without disabling our- 
selves to build a house for our own meetings. The town affords not 
a proper room for our reception, & difficulties, of which a want of 
money is not the least, have prevented us from improving a grant 
similar to yours, & long ago made to us by a Brother, of a lot here, 
to accommodate the Lodge with a suitable building. Hence it was 
determined that you should be informed of our present inability to 
comply with your demand: confident, that as general Guardians of 
Masonry, you would acquiesce in our request, to dispense with a 
compliance to the recommendation of the letter. Assuring you at the 
same time, that we shall always be happy to keep up such a corre- 
spondence with you, as will ensure the general good of Masons. 

" We are with love & affection 

" Your Brethren 

" Signed by order of a committeel „j^g_ mCCtjlloch' Sen' Ward" " 
" of Lodge No. 29. J 

« The Rt W. M. of the Grand Lodge of PensylvV" 

In the meantime, September 25, 1786, the Grand Lodge of 

*Bro. James McCulloeh had served as 1st Lieutenant 5th Pennsyl- 
vania; he retired January 1, 1783. 
' MSS., Vol. O, paquet 90, page 49. 

7 81 

Pennsylvania had declared its independence, and severed its 
connection with the Grand Lodge of England. 

Acting upon this precedent, a new convention of deputies 
was called, from the several Lodges of the Eastern Shore of 
Maryland, at Talbot Court House, on Tuesday, April 17, 1787, 
and a Grand Lodge established, and the Grand Officers 
elected, amongst whom Bro. Thomas Bourke, of Lodge 29, was 
unanimously chosen Senior Grand Warden. 

At that time, Bro. Nicholas Hammond was Master of the 
Lodge; Bro. Daniel Sulivane, Senior "Warden; Bro. Nathan 
Wright,* Junior Warden ; Bro. James MeCulloch, Past Master, 
and Bro. John Stevens, Secretary. 

Upon the surrender of the Warrants to the Grand Lodge of 
Pennsylvania, No. 29, located at Cambridge, became No. 5 
under the Grand Lodge of Maryland. The Lodge ceased and 
became extinct about 1792. 

■Bro. Nathan Wright, Lieutenant in 3d Maryland regiment, served 
to close of war. 





'^/N the published list of Lodges 

^J "warranted by the Grand 

Lodge of Pennsylvania the 

following memorandum appears:^ 

"No. 30, — Altogether unknown 
whether there was a Warrant of this 
No. or not.'' 

The thorough examination of the 
old documents in the Archives of 
'the Grand Lodge, in the interests 
of this publication, has brought to light the fact that No. 30 
was a regimental Warrant, granted to the Delaware Regiment, 
naming Colonel David Hall Master. Bro. Hall was a son of 
Bro. David Hall, named in our Provincial Grand Warrant of 
July 15, 1761, as Senior Grand Warden. Colonel Hall did not 
march with his regiment when ordered south in 1780, having 
been disabled by his wounds received at the battle of German- 

^ ' ' The Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, Its Early History and Consti- 
tutions," Philadelphia, 1877, part 4, page 7. 


€>Iti ^a&onit %obst& ot Pfnitd^Ibanfa 

The "Warrant was evidently issued in the spring of 1780, 
prior to the departure of the Delaware and North Carolina 
troops for the south, to oppose the British in the Carolinas 
and Georgia. 


The Delaware Brethren were in the disastrous battle of 
Camden, fought August 16, 1780. The defeat was due to the 
over-confidence of Gen. Horatio Gates. It was in this battle 
that the baggage of the Delawarians fell into the hands of 


2D£lab)ate Witsitntntal JLottse 

the British, including the "Warrant, jewels and records of the 
regimental Lodge. 

The following memorandum was sent at the first oppor- 
tunity by Bro. George Purvis to Bro. Alexander Rutherford, 
Deputy Grand Master, at Philadelphia. Unfortunately there 
is no date upon the paper, as to when it was sent or received. 

" Memmorandum i» 

" The "Warrant & Jewells of Hirams Delaware Regimental Lodge 
were taken at the Battle of Camden the 16"^ of August 1780 by the 
Brittish Troops, & supposed by some of Col" Tarltons Legion they 
being in a waggon brought into Camden the day after the action 

en L" ( 
in "J 

" Geo. Purvis See"^ to 

said Lodge & in Camden \-" Col" David Hall Master 
when y» Waggon came 

Endorsement upon the back : 

" Letter respecting Jewels of Delaware traveUing Lodge, taken by 
the British, 1780." 

Bro. George Purvis, Secretary of the Lodge, was a native of 
Delaware, commissioned Second Lieutenant, Captain Patten's 
Company, Colonel Hall's Delaware Regiment, Continental 
Establishment, April 5, 1777, promoted successively First 
Lieutenant, Regimental Adjutant and Captain ; served to close 
of the war, and became one of the original members of the state 
society of the Cincinnati. Bro. Purvis, as it appears from the 
certificate granted him by Lodge No. 18, June 11, 1782, was 
made a Mason in St. John's regimental Lodge, held in camp, 
near Morristown. This certificate is now in the Archives of 
the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.^ 

" MS8., Vol. C, paquet 138, folio 7. 

'Vide "Old Masonic Lodges of Pennsylvania," Vol. I, p. 365; also 
MSS., Vol. J, paquet 54, f oUo 45. 





N the register of Masonic 
Lodges warranted by the 
Grand Lodge of Pennsyl- 

\. I Ilia, there are two noted under 

N limber 31, viz.: 

" No. 31,— Travelling Warrant, Phil- 
adelphia County, "Wentz's Tavern. — 
Not known when granted. Vacated. 
John Church, M.; J. A. Auld, S. W.; 
John Wentz, J. "W. 

"No. 31, — ^N orristow n, — Granted 
March 26, 1781. Surrendered and re- 
newed December 14, 1789. Vacated for 
delinquency April 6, 1806." 

These two Lodges were one and 
the same Lodge. The Warrant 
was originally granted for the Lodge to meet at Wentz's 
Tavern,^ in Whitepaine Township, Philadelphia County. This 
location was a central one, for the farming community of the 

^Por full account of which noted landmark, see The Miller's Beview, 
H. L. Everett, Publisher, Philadelphia, July 15, 1911, by Miss Qara 
Beck, of Centre Square. 


€o\ontl iofin mmti 

adjacent counties. Bro. John Wentz had inherited some prop- 
erty, and, in 1762, built a large brick house, to be used as an 
inn. Upon the sign-board, which swung in its yoke, high up 
in the air, there was painted a "Rising Sun," under which 
name the tavern was licensed. Locally, however, the house 
was known far and near as " Wentz 's Tavern," and in later 
years, after Montgomery County was formed, as the "Wheat 

This old building, which faces the historic Skippack Road, 
in the hamlet now known as Centre Square, Montgomery 
County, is still practically unaltered, and is occupied as the 
private residence of Mr. John Morris, a descendant of Bro, 
James Morris, of Lodge No. 8.^' 

Bro. John Wentz, the Warrant Master of Lodge No. 31, was 


a man of note and prominence. He was appointed Cornet of 
the troop of light horse in the militia. For twenty years he 

"C/. "Old Masonic Lodges of Pennsylvania," Vol. I, p. 226. 


served as Justice of the Peace. In 1804, he was elected Treas- 
urer of Montgomery County, and later served in other offices 
of honor and profit. 

Lodge No. 31, A. Y. M., was originated by a number of 
Brethren, who were members of Lodge No, 4, meeting in 
Philadelphia toward the close of the Revolutionary War, 
These Brethren, living in the northwestern part of Philadel- 
phia County (since 1789 Montgomery County), found it in- 
convenient to attend their Lodge meetings, owing to the dis- 
tance from the City, the bad state of the roads in winter, 
and uncertain weather conditions, together with the dangers 
incident to the military occupation of this territory. These 
Brethren first made an effort to affiliate with Lodge No. 
8, which met in the vicinity of their homes, and attended the 
meeting held September 14, 1779, at the house of Thomas Rees, 
in Upper Merion Township, and signified their desire to be- 
come members of Lodge No. 8. These negotiations evidently 
not proving satisfactory, these Brethren, December 18, 1780, 
petition sent to the Grand Lodge for a separate Warrant, which 
was read, and a committee appointed to inquire why they can- 
not meet with Lodge No. 8. This petition and the subsequent 
favorable report of the committee is set forth in full in the his- 
tory of Lodge No. 4, Volume I, Chapter VIII, pp. 148-150 of 
this work. 

The Grand Lodge, taking the report of the committee into 
consideration, "Order'd a Warrant, to be Numbered 31, to be 
made out, which was done accordingly, when John Church 
was install'd Master; Ja. Auld and John Wentz, Wardens of 
the said Lodge. The sum of nine pounds ten shillings State 
Money was paid as the fees on the said Warrant." The date 
of this Warrant was March 26, 1781. 


laeneinal ot dOlattant 

In the fall of the year, 1781, the following letter was re- 
ceived by the Grand Secretary : 
"Worshipful Sir' "Noreistowk, 23*. Sep*. 1781 

"As it is out of my power to attend the grand Quarterly Com- 
munication, occasioned by a call of the Militia, I flatter myself the 
Worshipfull the Grand Lodge will hold me Excused at Present, have 
it not at Present in my Power to Transmit a Transcript of Proceed- 
ings, but will attend to next Quarterly Conununication 

" Am with Due Eespect 

" Your Obed'- Humb= Serv'- 
" Jacob Auld Mas'-- No. 31." 

December 23, 1782, at the Grand Communication, "No. 31, 
being a new Lodge, begs the indulgence of another quarter, 
at which time they intend to pay in full." Although the 

Lodge appears to have been represented at divers times, no 
returns appear to have been made while the Lodge met at 
Wentz's Tavern. 

When the old Warrants were called by the Grand Lodge, 
after it had asserted its independence, September 25, 1786, 
Lodge No. 31 surrendered their old Warrant in 1789, and 
when renewed, under the date of December 14, 1789, the 
location of the Lodge was changed to Norristown, in Mont- 
gomery County, which, in the meantime (September 10, 1784), 
had been formed from a part of Philadelphia County, with the 
county seat at Norristown, on the Schuylkill River, which had 
been located and laid out by Bro. William Moore Smith. 

"MSS., Vol. O, paquet 91, folio 59. 


flDIli a^aiSonfc SoUBtiS of p^nniSKlbanfa 

Here the Lodge met for about seventeen years, taking the 
place of the old Provincial Lodge No. 8, which virtually dis- 
banded about that time. 

The officers named in the new Warrant were: Colonel 
George Smith, Esq., Master; Captain Amos Sturges, Senior 
"Warden, and Jonathan CuUey, Junior Warden. 

The following is from the Minutes : — 

" At a Meeting of Lodge No. 31 held at Norristown at the House 
of B'- Moore, December 6""- 1790.° An Entered Apprentices Lodge 
opened in due form and the Minutes of last Stated Lodge Night being 
Read, after which we Proceeded to Elect Officers for the ensuing 
Six Months, When 

" Brother Amos Sturgis was Elected Master 
" B''- John Miller was Elected Senior Warden 
"B'- Alexander Ramsey was Elected Junior Warden 
"B"'- Jn°- Pugh was Elected Treasurer 

" The Lodge not being satisfied with their Meetings being on 
Monday Nights Unanimously Agreed to have their Meetings for the 
Future on the first Saturday Night of Every Month. 

" On Motion made by B"'- Moore and Seconded by B' Sturgis to 
give some Assistance out of the Lodge Fund for the Support of 
gr. -^m (Jisiand, now Encapable of supporting himself, and Unani- 
mously Agreed to by the Rest of the Brethren present to give him 
Four Pounds to support him for Four Months to be paid to B' 
Neilson on Demand, for keeping him. 

" Brethren Present 

B"' CoUey, Master in the Chair; 

B"- Sturgis, S. W. 

B' Miller, J. W. 

B' Rice, B"- Eastbum. 

B"' Levering, B"^ Smith. 

"Visitor:— B' Fitzgerald 

" Lectured and Closed in good Harmony at 8 O'Cloek 'till next 
Stated Lodge Night." 

' MSS., Vol. 0, paquet 91, foUo 60. 


T5to, mmiam (BWtUn 

William Ghiselin was made a Mason in Philadelphia Lodge, 
No. 2, of the "Moderns," in August, 1752. Bro. Ghiselin was 
a silversmith by profession, and was an active Mason. He 
was elected Junior Warden of his Lodge in 1756, thence ad- 
vancing to Senior Warden and Master. For several years he 
served as Treasurer, and is referred to in Valentz's letter 
to FranMin.^ 

He eventually resigned from the "Modern" Lodge, and, on 
February 5, 1770, petitioned Lodge No. 2, A. Y. M., to be 
admitted a member. March 23, 1770, he was raised in the 
"Antient" way, after having been entered and passed. Bro. 
Ghiselin appears to have suffered financial reverses, as he ap- 
plied for the position of tyler. In this position he served for 
many years, tyling for the Grand and Subordinate Lodges. 

July 11, 1785, he presented a bill to Lodge No, 2 for 
£7-16-6 for services rendered the Lodge as tyler. 

July 7, 1785. An Extra Meeting of Lodge No, 2. Bro. 
Ghiselin, formerly "Tyler of this Lodge, was, by Bro, 
Howard, represented to be in Very indigant Circumstances, 
and that he conceived a ballance remained due to the said 
Bro. Ghisling for former services rendered this Lodge ; where- 
upon it was ordered that the Secretary should examine the 
former minutes in order to ascertain the same, and make a 
report accordingly." 

August 8, 1785. The committee were ordered to give an 
order in favor of Bro. Ghiselin on the treasurer for whatever 
balance that may appear due. 

The old Tyler after this appears to have drifted out -in the 
country district, as his name appears as a visitor upon the 
records of both Lodge No. 8 and No. 31. 

The old Brother was evidently taken in charge by the 

'■Vide "Old Masonic Lodges of Pennsylvania," Vol. 1, Chapter IV, 
p. 68. 


Brethren of Lodge No. 31, as appears from the following 
extracts from the Minutes of the Grand Lodge : 

June 24, 1800. At the General Grand Communication, 
Bro. "William Nelson "represented that the W. M''. of L". 
N°. 31 held at Norristown, having been in the City, but busi- 
ness not permitting his stay to attend the Coramunication 
had requested him to state to this Grand Lodge, That said 
Lodge N°- 31 were indebted to this Grand Lodge for several 
Tears Dues, but that they had supported our Ancient Brother 
Ghislin for a Number of Tears past, which they conceived 
would amount to, if not exceed, their G. L. dues. That the 
Members of the said Lodge are now few in Number and that 
their Funds are low and request that in Consideration of their 
having so supported Bro^ Ghislin, the said Lodge may be 
exonerated from the payment of their past Dues to this Grand 
Lodge, promising from this Time forward to be punctual in 
the discharge of the same." 

At the Grand Quarterly Communication, December 15, 
1800, "The Committee appointed on the 24"" June last, on the 
request made by Lodge No. 31 to be exonerated from the pay- 
ment of their Grand Lodge dues to that Time, in Considera- 
tion of their having supported Brother Ghislin, were dis- 
charged, and the Petition was referred to Bro™. Duplessis, 
Armstrong, Morton, M^Karaher and Johnson to report 

The Brethren of Lodge No. 31 evidently took charge of the 
old Tyler, until he was summoned to the Grand Lodge Above. 

March 4, 1793. Grand Lodge, Quarterly Communication. 
The following return: 

"Bro. Gr. Treasurer received £12.10. from Bro. Nelson, Master of 
Said Lodge, and £3.8.0 from Bro. Gr. Secretary." 

was read from Lodge No. 31, held at Norristown, and ordered 

to be entered upon the Grand Lodge books. 


B,0Sttt Ot fLoiSt So. 3t> SL> $. 9t?. 

" A Eetum of the Names of the Members of Lodge No. 31, held at 
Norristown under the sanction of a Warrant, dated December 14* 
A. D. 1789, Granted by the right Worshipful Grand Lodge of Penn- 
sylvania to Colonel George Smith Esq'. Captain Amos Sturges and 
M' Jonathan CoUey for to hold the said Lodge. The Return of the 
Present Members Names and their Grand Lodge dues given in the 
Grand Lodge the 2d Day of March, 1793 by Major William Nelson 
Master of No. 31. 

Name When Baised 

Alexander Moore 1789 

Michael Simpson 

James Adams 

William Nelson P. M 

Benj" Eastbourne 

David McGowan 

Benjamin Markley 

George Smith P. M 

Abraham Dufi&eld 

Amos Sturges P. M 

John Miller 

John Pugh 

Jonathan CoUey P. M 

Alexander Ramsey 

Thomas Smith 1790 March 1 

John Whiteman " May 3 

Benjamin Levering " Oct 4 

Joseph Ramsey " " " 

John Armstrong 1791 May 7 

William Armstrong " Nov. 5 

Joseph Peterman " Sept 3 

Joseph Levering " " " 

Israel Jones " Deo " 

Anthony Bitting " " " 

Amos StuU 1792 April 7 

William Fitzgerald " Aug 4 

Archibald Currie 1793 June 1 

James ChunneU « « " 

Nathan M<=VeaugH « " " 

Philip Crickboum 

John Bleaney 1794 Jan 4 


SDla 99a0onit JLoist^ ot ^mng^flimnia 

James Peterman 1794 Mar 1 

James Kirkpatriek 

March 3, 1794. The following additional return was re- 
ceived from the Lodge, read and ordered to be filed. 

" A Return of Our Initiations Since the Last Return March y" 2* 
1793 until the time bemg March 1, 1794:* 

Members Names. 




Archahald Currie 

April 6 

May 4 

June 1, 1793 

James Chunnell 


June 1 


Nathan M'^Veaugh 




Philip Crichbaum 

Sep'- 7 

March 1 


John Bleaney 


Oct'- 5 

Jan^- 4, 1794 

James Peterman 

Feb. 1 

March 1 

March 1 

James Kirkpatriek 

March 1 



" Wm. Fitzgebald, Secy- " 

December 1, 1794. The following letter was read before 
the Grand Lodge : 

" NoREiSTOWN November 6"" 1794 
" Bear Sir 

" I am Requested by the Master of Lodge N°- 31 to write to you 
to Know what the amount of the dues are from said Lodge to the 
Grand Lodge in order that they may be collected for the purpose of 

" if you will please to write a note by the Bearer hereof M'- 
Kinsley to me respecting said dues you will 
" much oblige your 
" most obe*- and very 
" humble Serv*- 
" Sam D. Shoemaker, Secy- pro tern. 
" Peter Le barbier Duplessis Esq." ° 

Upon a sultry night in August, in the year of grace 1795, a 

•MS8., Vol. O, paquet 91, folio 55. 
"Zftt.^., folio 56. 


TStot^n 3|anusl Si^ttmt 

young lawyer, scarce twenty-two years old, was approved, and 
entered in Lodge No. 31, at Norristown. This young man 
of Quaker parentage, a Philadelphian by birth, settled soon 
after his admission to the Bar, in the young town of Norris- 
town, and began the practice of law. The name of this young 
Brother was James Milnor, who, iu after years, became one of 
the brightest luminaries in the Masonic horizon, serving as 
Grand Master of the State, as Representative in Congress, 
and later, for years, as a minister of the Gospel. 

It appears that Bro. Milnor was elected Master of Lodge 
No. 31, shortly after he was raised to the sublime degree 
of a Master Mason. During or after his six months' term as 
Master, he removed to Philadelphia, and, on September 6, 
1796, affiliated with Lodge No. 3, A. Y. M. On St. John's Day, 
December 27, 1796, the R. W. Grand Master Bro. William 
Moore Smith appointed Bro. James Milnor, Junior Grand 
Deacon, which office he filled until December 27, 1798, when 
he was elected Senior Grand Warden. In 1799 and 1800, 
he was reelected to the same office ; in 1801 and 1803, he was 
Deputy Grand Master, and in 1805 he was elected Grand 
Master of Pennsylvania, and continued in that office by annual 
reelection, until the close of 1813. 

During his Grand Mastership, the old Masonic Hall in Chest- 
nut Street was erected, and, on its dedication, on June 24, 
1811, he delivered at St. John's Lutheran Church, in Race 
Street, Philadelphia, a public oration, at the close of which a 
distinguished friend and Brother said to him, as they were 
leaving the church: "Why, Right Worshipful, you are cut out 
for a clergyman." Little did that Brother then dream that 
the thought would one day be realized. 

June 6, 1796. At a Grand Quarterly Communication a 
petition "was received and read, signed by some Brethren 


who had withdrawn from Lodge N". 31 at Norristown, pray- 
ing a "Warrant may be granted them for holding a Lodge in 
the City of Philadelphia. On motion and seconded, agreed 
that the same be Continued over to the next Quarterly 
Communication. ' ' 

September 5, 1796. The petition "which had been con- 
tinued over from last Communication, signed by a number 
of Brethren who had withdrawn from Lodge 31, praying a 
Warrant may be granted them for holding a Lodge in the 
City of Philadelphia by the name of Orange Lodge, and that 
William Nelson may be constituted Master ; Alexander Moore, 
Sen"". W., and John Thompson, Jun'. W., was now taken under 
Consideration, and the prayer of the said Petition was granted, 
and B'. Grand See^ requested to make out a Warrant accord- 
ingly, and to be Numbered 71."* 

This was the genesis of the present Lafayette Lodge, No. 71, 
one of our old and flourishing Lodges. When the Warrant 
was granted, the Lodge was named Orange Lodge, as most of 
its members were Irish Presbyterians. The name of the 
Lodge was changed to Lafayette, by virtue of a dispensation 
from James Harper, R. W. Grand Master, September 26, 1825, 
in honor of Bro. Gilbert Motier Marquis de Lafayette, who 
during his visit to the country in 1824, attended an Extra 
Communication of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania on Oc- 
tober 2, at which time he was elected an honorary member 
of the Grand Lodge; and, in acknowledging this action, he 
assured the Brethren that he should never forget this mark 
of their kind distinction, by which he was "made a mem- 
ber of a body of which Franklin and Washington were 

' Reprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 259. 


SDtanst %ortst Mo, 7i, Si, $. 9?. 

The following Brethren were the charter members of Orange, 
now Lafayette, Lodge, No. 71 : 

Septembeb, 1796. 

Bro. Blaii Joseph, 

' Caney Hugh, P. M. 

' Donagon Neil, P. M. 

' Dolen Barney, P. M. 

' Gilbraith Andrew, P. M. 

' Higgins Charles, P. M. 

' Hamilton Samuel, 

' Mc Donald James, P. M. 

Bro. McKnight Matthew, 
McGurk Edward, 
Moore Alexanderj P. M. 
Murphy John, 
Nelson WUliam, P. M. 
Stuart Greorge, P. M. 
Thompson John, P. M. 

The Warrant of Lodge No. 31 was vacated for delinquency, 
April 6, 1806. 






rARCH 26, 1781, at a Quar- 
terly Communication of 
the Grand Lodge, the fol- 
lowing petition was read from a 
number of Brethren in New Jersey, 
praying for a Warrant to hold a 
Lodge in Burlington, one of the 
oldest settlements in West Jersey, 
the town being laid out in 1667. It 
was on the Delaware River, twenty 
miles northeast of Philadelphia. 
Burlington was the home and burial place of Col. Daniel Coxe, 
who was appointed by the Duke of Norfolk, Provincial Grand 
Master in 1730 of the Provinces of New York, New Jersey and 
Pennsylvania. Being the first person appointed to that station 
in North America, the full story of Daniel Coxe is told in 
Chapter I, Volume I, of this history. Col. Daniel Coxe is 
buried in St. Mary's P. E. Church in Burlington. 

The original petition in the Archives of the Grand Lodge 
sets forth : 

»MSS., Vol. O, paquet 92, foUo 61-68. 


ito&B« iJo. 32, a. g. 

" To the Bight Worshipful William Ball Esg^ Grand 
" Master of the State of Pennsylvatna 
" The petition of the Subscribers ' 

"humbly Sheweth That being at present wander- 
ing without Protection, and some Distance from the necessary Com- 
munication with the Brethren (as our meeting Lodge 25 at Bristol is 
attended with much DifiBculty and is frequently impassible at this 
Season of the Year) and being equally desirous to promote the Craft, 
have presumed to apply to the E' Worshipful Grand Lodge, hoping 
that our Conduct and Station in Life, together with the Situation of 
the Place will induce that E* Wor'"' Body to indulge us with their 
Protection. As further Eeason for this our Hope, we have applied 
to our worthy Brother Blathwaite Jones to examine the Subscribers, 
and give your E' Wor'"' Lodge his Sentiments concerning the Prem- 
ises, but wether he will write by this Conveyance we are not cer- 
tain; Upon the whole we shall wait with Impatience the Determiner 
tion of the E* Wor*"' Grand Lodge, and in the mean Time pray 

" Your affec°'« Brothers 
"Joseph Ellis" 
" Samuel Bulltjs 


"John Phillips" 
"James Ceatt" 
" Burlington 

" Jany 224 lygl" 

TMs petition was accompanied with the following warm 
recommendation from Bro. Blaithwaite Jones : 

" Eight "Worshipful Willum Ball EsqB Grand Master fob the 

State of Pennsylvania 
"Bight Worshipful Bro'' 

" Sundry Gent" of the City of Burlington having commimicated 
their sentiments to me as Masons & being desirous of having a pro- 
tection, but altogether unacquainted with the Eight Worshipful the 

"Bro. Joseph Ellis, Colonel, New Jersey Militia in 1776; Brigadier 
General, New Jersey Militia, February, 1777. 

'Bro. John Phillips, Ensign, 2d New Jersey; resigned, November 14, 
1777; died, May 25, 1831. 


Grand Master, have desired that (for your better information & 
satisfaction) I would write your Worshipful on that head. As their 
Characters are well known in this place to be good, I have with more 
boldness ventured to indulge their request, having Personal Knowl- 
edge of every one of them, and I flatter myself that your knowledge 
of my sentiments of the Craft will not admit of a doubt that should 
hinder their obtaining your protection; as a lasting Superstruction 
can be raised but on a good Foundation a Body without a head makes 
but a poor figure. I doubt not when you consider that the nearest 
lodge to them is at Bristol & crossing the Water is not only expen- 
sive, but very inconvenient. The reasonableness of their petetion 
will speak for itself. BurHngton is a place that I think may answer 
to promote the Craft in the Jerseys, and your protection may raise 
up such as may take the lead in a future Day. However what I have 
said on this head will be weighed by the Eight Worshipful Body in 
which you preside, whose determination we wait. I shall conclude 
that they are Worthy for whom they shall do this. Pray make my 
good wishes acceptable to your Right Worshipful Body & the Craft 
in General & am Right Worshipful Sir 

"Your affect'^ hum'« Serv* & 

"BlathwTE Jones 

" If their request shall take place, they desire that the following 
Brothers may be mentioned in the Warrant, viz : 

" Joseph Ellis, Master 
" Samuel Bullus, Sen' W. 
"Bethanath Hodgkinson, Jun' W. 

" Burlington Jan^ 22* 1781." 

The Grand Lodge taking the same into consideration, it was 
unanimoTisly granted, and the Deputy Grand Master and 
Senior Grand Warden were requested to go to Burlington and 
install the officers of the said new Lodge. 

As it appears from the minutes of the new Lodge No. 32, 
"that on the 30th day of March, 1781, an Emergent Grand 
Lodge was held in Ample Form, at Burlington, for the pur- 
pose of constituting the new Lodge. The members of the 


'^^e CStatist JLottst at 75uvlinston, S. 3I« 

Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania who were present, were Bros. R. 
W. Alexander Rutherford, D. G. M. in the chair; R. W. Blaith- 
waite Jones late D. G. M., acting as such p. t. ; R. W. Jacob 
Bankson, S. G. "W. ; and R. W. John Clark, acting as J. G. W. 
The Lodge was duly constituted, and Joseph Ellis was duly 
installed Master by R. W. Blaithwaite Jones, and when seated 
in the chair, was presented by R. "W. Alexander Rutherford, 
with the jewels of his office, the Book of Constitutions and the 
Warrant of his Lodge. Samuel BuUus as Senior Warden, and 
Bethanath HodMnson as Junior Warden, were then installed 
by the new Master and invested with the 'jewels and accom- 
plishments of their respective offices.' " 

This is the first record we have of the Grand Lodge opening 
a Grand Lodge outside of Philadelphia. No record of this 
Emergency Grand Lodge, held at Burlington, March 30, 1781, 
appears upon the Minutes of the Grand Lodge ; as a matter of 
fact few minutes of any Communications of this kind have 
ever been noted in the records of the Grand Lodge. 

The following extract of this old Provincial Warrant shows 
the powers and limitations of that document : 

" Now Know Ye, that we, William Ball, Grand Master; Alexander 
Rutherford, Deputy Grand Master; William Adcock, Senior Grand 
Warden, and Matthew Whitehead, Junior Grand Warden, present 
and legal successors to the above named Provincial Grand OfSoers, 
as by the Grand Lodge Books may appear, by virtue of the power to 
us granted by the above part recited Warrant, do hereby authorize 
and empower our trusty and well beloved brethren Joseph Ellis, 
Master; Samuel BuUus, Senior Warden, and Bethanath Hodgkinson, 
Junior Warden of a new Lodge, number thirty-two, to be held ia 
the city of Burlington, in the state of New Jersey, or within five 
miles of the same, and we do further authorize and empower our 
trusty and well beloved brethren Joseph Ellis, Master; Samuel 
BuUus, Senior Warden, and Bethanath Hodgkinson, Junior Warden, 
to admit and make Free Masons according to the Most Ancient and 
Honorable custom of the Royal Craft in all ages and nations thro'out 
the world and not contrariwise. And we do further empower and 


SDlb S^diionic Jiot>st& of ^tnn&ifVoania 

appoint the said Joseph Ellis, Master; Samuel Bullus, Senior 
Warden, and Bethanath Hodgkinson, Junior Warden, and their suc- 
cessors, to hear and determine all and singular matters and things 
relating to the Craft, within the jurisdiction of Lodge No 32. And 
lastly, we do authorize and empower our said trusty and well beloved 
brethren Joseph Ellis, Master; Samuel Bullus, Senior Warden, and 
Bethanath Hodgkinson, Junior Warden, to nominate, chuse and 
install their successors, to whom they shall deliver this Warrant and 
invest them with all their powers and dignities as Free Masons, and 
such successors shall in like manner nominate, chuse and install 
their successors, &e. &e.. Sue., such installation to be on or near St. 
John the Evangelist's day, during the continuance of this Lodge 
forever. Provided always, that the above named brethren and their 
successors pay due respect to the Right Worshipful Grand Lodge 
from whom they have their authority. Otherwise this Warrant to be 
of no force or virtue. 

" Given under our hands and the seal of the Grand Lodge at 
Philadelphia, this twenty-sixth day of March, in the year of our 
Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-one, and of Masonry 
five thousand seven hundred and eighty-one. 

"Wm. Smith, Grand Secretary 

Upon tlie reverse of the Minutes of the meeting held March 
30th, 1781, is endorsed the following receipt: 

"Received March 30th 1781, from the Worshipful Joseph Ellis, 
New Install'd Master under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of 
Pennsylvania Number Thirty & two. Two thousand one hundred and 
sixty dollars the dues to the Grand Lodge for granting their 

"Jaco. Bankson. 
« 2160 DoU'rs Con'l Curr-y." 


" Stated Lodge Night Thursday April 19, 1781 
" Enter'd Apprentices Lodge open'd with the Usual Penalties The 
Petitions of John Barker, John How, Lieut. Sam' Conn* and Andrew 

=» MSS., Vol. O, paquet 92, folio 63. 

*Bro. Samuel Conn, 2d Lieutenant, 4th New Jersey; transferred to 
2d New Jersey, July 1, 1778; retained in New Jersey Battalion, April, 
1783; served to November 3d, 1783. 


S^inntta ot %9hst Mo, 32, SI, g. Sip. 

Bankson" praying to become Members of this Lodge, were Severally 
red; Order'd to lie on the Books the Usual Time, and a Committee 
appointed to enquire into the Characters of the Persons (applying 
as aforesaid) and make report thereof at the next Stated Lodge 

"Lodge clos'd &c. 

" Stated Lodge Night, Thursday May 17, 1781. 
"Ent* Apprentices Lodge Open'd &c. 

" The Committee appointed the last Stated Lodge Night to enquire 
into the Characters of the Persons aforesaid, make report as follows, 
viz: That agreeable to their Appointment they have carefully en- 
quired into the Several Characters aforesaid, and find them to be 
Persons well known and of good Credit. Whereupon the Members 
present proceeded to Ballot for the Entrance of John Barker, John 
How, Lieut. Sam' Conn & Andrew Bankson, separately, who were 
unanimously approved of: And accordingly M' John Barker M'' 
John How and Lieut. Sam' Conn were initiated in the first Step of 
Masonry. Lodge clos'd &e. 

"Lodge of Emergency Tuesday May 29, 1781. 
"PeUow Crafts Lodge Open'd &c. 

"Brothers John Barker, John How, and Lieut. Conn were pass'd 
from an Enter'd Apprentice to a Fellow Craft. Lodge closed and 
an Enter'd Apprentices Open'd. M'' Andrew Bankson jun"'. having 
been balloted for, and approved of, the last Stated Lodge Night, was 
initiated in the first Step of Masonry. Lodge clos'd &lc. 

" Stated Lodge Night, Thursday June 21, 1781. 

" Enter'd Apprentices Lodge was open'd with the Usual Penalties 
M"". Anthony Heckless was proposed to become a Member of this 
Lodge by Brother How and his Petition presented for that Purpose. 
Whereupon a Committee was appointed &c. Lodge clos'd & an 
Ent* Apprentices open'd. Bro'' A. Bankson jun'' was pass'd from an 
Enter'd Apprentice to a Fellow Craft. Lodge clos'd and a Master 
Masons open'd &c. Brother John Barker was rais'd from a Fellow 
Craft to the Sublime Degree of a Master Mason, Lodge clos'd &c." 

"Bro. Andrew Bankson, Ensign 2d New Jersey; discharged, February 
5, 1777. 


"Sir & Brother 

" Inclosed I send you the Extracts of the Proceedings of our Lodge 
No. 32 which I must take the Liberty to request you will lay before 
the Grand Lodge. 

"Whether the Secretary has drawn them right or not I don't 
know; if he has not shall take it as a fav' if you wiU put them so. 

" I am with Esteem 

"Your friend & Brother 
" Jos. Ellis." 
" Jacob Bankson Esq'. 

"Burlington June 29'" '81. 

" Fees due to the Grand Lodge from No 32 for the last Quarter: 

" Joseph ElUs £ 1 

Samuel Bullus 1 

Bethaneth Hodgkinson 1 

John Phillips 1 

James Craft 1 

4 Initiations 1 - 


" Pees due Grand Lodge from S' John's Day Dec'. 1781 

" to S' John's Day Dec' 1782 

" March 21, 1782. 

"Initiation of Henry Cunningham 


d" Ab™ Hewlings 


April 18* 

do John Smith 


d" Michael Wetzell' 


Emergency April 28 

d" Thomas Kimble 


Emergency Aug' 1 

d° Captain Shaddock 





"Quarterly dues from Worshipf 










°Bro. Michael Wetzell, 2d Lieutenant, 2d Continental Artillery; trans- 
ferred to Corps of Artillery, June 17, 1783; served to November, 1783. 


SS^inntt^ of Itotisf Bo, 32, SL. $. 

J. Craft 


B. Hodgkinson 


John How 


And. Bankson 


D. Rhea 


G. Brearley 


from March '82 to — ^A. Hewlings 


d" to June W. Cunningham 


J. Smith 


M. Wetzell 


12'' Cap. Shaddock 


£2 "3 
Initiations 1"10 

Totals £3 " 13 

To Expences in sending a Member of this Lodge 
to the Communication in June last. This 
charge not allowed. 


"Total dues £1"18 

In the Minutes of the Grand Lodge, under date December, 
1781, it states : 

" No. 32 paid all dues to this day and the advance for nine books 
[Constitutions] amounting in all to forty-nine shillings and Six- 
pence to the Grand Treasurer."' 

"Lodge of Emergency "Wednesday Jan^ 9, 1782 
"Members Present: 

"E' W. Blaithwaite Jones Esq"" in the Chair 
S. Bnllus acting as S. W. 
J. PhUlips J. W. 

J. Craft S. D 

Capt'. Taubman J. D 

John Barker 

"B"" Sam' Bullus having been elected Master of this Lodge & B' 
John Phillips Jun' Warden to serve till next S' John's Day, they 
were install'd as such by the R* Worshipful B'' Blathw'" Jones Esq. 
and presented With their Jewells of ofSce. 

' Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 44. 


" stated Lodge Night Thursday Jan^ 17, 1782 
" Present as above & B' Hodgkinson & J. How 

Visiting Bro" 
Capt. Guion 

Lieut. Bradford 

D' Tunison 
Capt. Harvey 
Lieut Giles 




" B"' Hodgkinson having been elected Sen' Warden of this Lodge, 
Was instali'd as such by the Worshipful & presented with Ms 
JeweU of Office. 

" Stated Lodge Night Feb^ 21, 1782 
" Present as above. A Fellow Crafts Lodge was open'd with the 
usual Formalities. After a Lecture from the Chair the Lodge closed 
in good Harmony. 

« March 21, 1782. 

" Lieut Cunningham & Ab™ Hewlings receiv'd the first Step of 

« April 18, 1782. 
" Lieut^ Smith & Wetzell entered as above. 

"Emergency Api 28, 1782. 
" Tho. Kemble enter'd as above. 

" Stated Lodge May 16, 1782 
" Master Masons Lodge open'd & clos'd in due Form with 

"Emergency June 5, 1782 
"Fellow Crafts Lodge open'd and clos'd in good Harmony 

"Stated Lodge June 1782 
"Members present proceeded to Ballot for the Officers of this 
Lodge to serve till next S' John's Day, when the following Persons 
were elected: 


mmttsi ot nonce so. 32, SL g. a?. 

John Phillips W. Master 

James Craft S. Warden 

John How J. Warden 

J. Ellis Treasurer 

J. Hewlinge Sec' 

"W. Master appointed A. Bankson S. Deacon; H. Cunning- 
ham J. D. 

" Emergency June 24, 1782. 
"The Master & Wardens were install'd and presented with their 
Jewells & accomplishments 

« Stated Lodge July 18, 1782 
"A charge was brought against B'' Kimble by B'^ Smith & sup- 
ported by B™ Hewlings & Wetzell. The charge being of such a nature 
that it could not be overlook'd by the Lodge, and the Culprit having 
nothing to say in his own Defence, by the unanimous consent of the 
Lodge he was Expell'd after admonition from our Worshipful B' 
Phillips and Advice for his future Behaviour. 

" Emergency Aug=t 1, 1782 
" Capt. Shaddock received the first Step of Masonry. 

" Stated Lodge Aug»t 18, 1782 
" Master Masons Lodge open'd & clos'd in good Harmony. 

" Stated Lodge Sep* 19, 1782 
"An enter'd Apprentices Lodge was open'd with the Usual For- 
malities. A Letter was presented by the W. Master from the R'. W. 
Grand Master respecting the Initiation of Bryan Hynes purporting 
that if he Wanted but a few Months of the Age of 21, and should be 
found Worthy he saw Nothing improper in his receiving the first 
Step of Masonry. But this Lodge being sufficiently informed that 
he was not more than 19 years of Age thought it most advisable not 
to proceed without a Special Dispensation for that Purpose. 

" Stated Lodge Oct' 17, 1782 
" Fellow Crafts Lodge open'd & closed in good Harmony. 

« Stated Lodge NoV 21, 1782 
" A Master Masons Lodge was open'd & closed in good Harmony. 


" Stated Lodge Dee-- 19, 1782. 
" Members proceeded to the Election of Officers for the next 
Six Months when the following Persons were Elected : 

J. Ellis W. M. 

J. How S. W. 

B. Hodgkinson J. W. 

" The Worshipful appointed B' Craft S. Deacon, B"" Bankson, 
J. D. A motion was made, seconded & thirded that B"^ Phillips 
request the Grand Lodge to allow the Expences of sending a B^ to 
meet them at Philadelphia in June, last when the Grand Lodge did 
not meet agreeable to their Advertisement. 

December 23, 1782, we find upon the Minutes of the Grand 
Lodge : 

" No. 32 produced their proceedings and a return of the Members 
with the dues to this day Am' to £3.13 

Paid by Bro. Philips to Bro. Young G* Treas. 1.18.4 

Due this day from No. 32 £1.14.8 

The next information we have about Lodge No. 32, appears 
in the Minutes of the Grand Quarterly Communication, held 
June 12, 1786. 

"It is reported to this Grand Lodge that the Warrant granted 
for holding a Lodge in City of Burlington, No. 32, is in some person's 
hands in that place and is made no use of. Ordered, that the Sec^. 
be requested to write to some Brother residing in that place, and 
requesting him to use his endeavors to find the same and transmit it 
to the Grand Lodge.^ 

" Burlington Lodge, No 32, does not appear to have been repre- 
sented at the New Brunswick Convention of 1786, when the Grand 
Lodge of New Jersey was formed. The agreement, however, entered 
into and signed by such as were present at the Convention was sub- 
sequently signed in behalf of No. 32, by Samuel Bullis, P. M., John 
How, Bethanath Hodgkinson and James Craft." 

" The Penna. Warrant was surrendered in April, 1787, to join the 
G. L. of New Jersey.^" 

'Reprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 92. 

" Vide ' ' Origin of Masonry in New Jersey, 1786-1857, ' ' p. xxvi. 

" Vide Eeprint of Minutes of the Grand Lodge, Vol. II, p. 417. 





T the Grand Quarterly 
Communication of the 
Grand Lodge, held De- 
cember 18, 1780, a petition from 
n ^ some Brethren in New Castle, 
J Delaware, belonging to Lodge 
No. 5, held at Cantwell's Bridge, 
was read, praying for a Warrant 
to hold a Lodge alternately, at 
New Castle and Christiana Bridge, both places being in New 
Castle County, Delaware. This petition was accompanied by 
a very warm recommendation in their favor, from the Master 
of No. 5,^ whereupon the petition was unanimously granted. 
The Warrant was No. 33 upon the Roster of the Grand Lodge. 
New Castle was one of the oldest settlements on the Dela- 
ware, being at the head of Delaware Bay. When the English 
obtained possession in 1664, New Castle became the seat of 
government and a port of entry. 

Christiana Bridge, now the village of Christiana, on Chris- 
tiana Creek, at the head of tide water navigation, is about ten 

» Cf. Vol. I, Chapter IX, p. 177. 


SDlb Si^a0onit %oiise& of pennsislbanfa 

miles southwest of Wilmington, and, before railroad days, 
was an important stage stand on the highway between Phila- 
delphia and Baltimore. That and its situation on Christiana 
Creek, made the place one of double strategic importance, dur- 
ing the revolutionary period. 

The officers named in the Warrant were : Bro. Joseph Israel, 
Master; Joseph Kilkead, Senior Warden, and John Clark, 
Junior Warden. 

At the Communication held March 26, 1781, the Deputy 
Grand Master, R. W. Bro. Rutherford, was requested, as soon 
as convenient, to go down to New Castle and install the officers. 

Bro. Rutherford evidently attended to this duty, and the 
new Lodge entered upon a successful year, as is shown by the 
following letter : 

" New Castle May 14* 1781 

"Brother Butherford^ 

" I have the Pleasure of informing you by Brother Arch* Alex- 
ander, that Lodge No. 33 has been twice in due form opened agree- 
able to the time fixed for holding the same at its institution and that 
from the good order and regularity with which its Members conducted 
themselves, the particular attention and respect paid to the Chair, 
and several other favorable appearances, I flatter myself we shall be 
able to support the Dignity of Masonry, and add to the Number of 
worthy Brethren ; and likewise careful of preserving the good opinion 
and Esteem, which I hope is entertained of us by the Grand Body. 
Brother Alexander will deliver you seven pounds and ten shillings 
in specie, for the Warrant and other expenses incurred at the insti- 
tuting of our Lodge; which the several Members have been very 
dilligent to collect that it might be sent up before your next Quar- 
terly Communication. If that sum should not be look'd upon sufl- 
cient, please to inform us by Brother Alexander, and we shall be 
very careful to procure the remainder; by whom we shall be very 
glad to receive a Letter from you with information when the Quar- 

' MS8., Vol. I', paquet 93 folio 15. 


%0liSt Mo, 33, SL, ^, 9t?. 

terly Communication will be held. I have the pleasure of subscribing 
myself with all due respect; by order of our "Worshipful Master, 
"Your sincere friend 
" and Brother 

"E. M. William JunT- Secrecy- 

" To Bro'- Alex''- Rutherford.'" 

The plan of holding the Lodge at a different place on alter- 
nate years, does not appear to have been a success. As a 
majority of the Brethren preferred New Castle, they appealed 
to the Grand Lodge, December, 1781, for a modification of that 
part of their Warrant; when, on representation from the 
Master of Lodge No. 33, that it would be extremely incon- 
venient to alter their plan of meeting from New Castle, as 
most of the Members had removed there, permission was 
granted to hold it at whichever of the above places a majority 
of the Brethren should think most convenient. 

Monday, September 2, 1782. A letter from Lodge No. 33 
was read before the Grand Lodge, containing satisfactory 
reasons for their non-attendance. They also informed the 
Grand Lodge that No. 33, had been under the necessity of 
expelling from their Body, one of their members. 

March 31, 1783. Brother John Stockton, Master of Lodge 
No. 33, paid the sum of Nine dollars into the hands of Bro. 
Joseph Howell, Jun., on account of dues for s* Lodge. 

Lodge No. 33 was one of the twelve Lodges represented upon 
that memorable September 25, 1786, when the Grand Lodge 
declared itself independent of "Great Britain or any other 
Authority whatever." 

The Lodge does not appear to have been represented in the 
Grand Lodge, after the above meeting until March, 1790, 

The next notice of the Lodge appears June 2, 1792, when 
the Grand Secretary presented a return of the members of 


SDla 9^asronic fLo'ast& of p^nnstslbania 

Lodge No. 33, which was sent to him with five pounds, nineteen 
shillings, in full for their dues to the first day of December 
1791. It appears by the said return that there are nineteen 
members. "On Motion and Seconded, the same was ordered 
to be filed and entered on the Minutes as foUoweth, (to wit) :" 

"New Castle, March, 1792. 

" A List of the Officers and other Members of Lodge No. 33, with 
their Quarterly Dues, &c., to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania from 
the first of March, 1790, to the first of December 1791. 

Wors' Edward Eoche, Master. John Stockton. 

Henry Darby, S. Warden George Monro. 

James Riddle, J. Warden. James Boothe. 

Joseph Israel, Treas'. James M° CuUongh. 

Henry Barry, Secretary. James M^Cahnont. 

Kensey Johns. Levi Adams. 

William M^Kennan. Wilham M^Clay. 
Archibald Alexander. 

" Fifteen Members before the first day of March, 1790, and @ 1/p' 

quarter each, is £5.5.0. 

" William Dixon, admitted August 5, 1790, @ Do. p' Do.. . 0.5.0. 

" James Monro, raised in Feb^-. 1791, @ Do. p' Do 0.3.0. 

" Of James Monro's initiation fees appropriated to the use of 

the Grand Lodge 0.5.0. 

" Matthew Pierce, admitted August, 1791, Quarterly Dues . . 0.1.0. 
" George Read Jun---. admitted Feby 2«-. 1792. 

" Total amount of Dues to the Grand Lodge £5.19.0. 

" (Errors excepted.) 
" Signed, Henet Baeet, SecP-> Lodge No. 33? 

April 20, 1779. The following letter was sent to the R. "W. 
Grand Msister, inviting him and the Grand OfSeers to visit the 

'MSS., Vol. r, paquet 93, foUo 17. 


fLoHt Mo. 33, SL, If. 9?. 

" Bight Worshipfull 

" I am directed by Lodge No. 33 to Inform you and the officers of 
the Grand Lodge that Lodge No 33 would be hapy in Receiving a 
visit from the officers of the Grand Lodge when ever it will suit your 
convenience I am with due Respect you* Brother* 

"John Crow Secretary 
" April 20, 1799." " of Lodge No. 33. 

(Endorsement on back.) 

"20 April 1799 

" Invitation from Lodge No 33 to the Grand Officers to visit said 

Upon receipt of this, Deputy Grand Master Israel, Acting 
Grand Master, sent the following order to Grand Secretary 

"B^ S'- 

" I am unacqnanted with the presiding Master of the Wilmington 
Loge but Recomend to Rite to Col"- Thom=- Keane how I think has 
bin Master of that Loge. I send by your son a Letter from the 
Sect'- of No. 33 I segest to you the propriaty of meeting at Chester 
on Tusday; Wilbnington, Wedndsday; Newcastile on Thursday, & 
for the purpose pf siting of in a proper time to meet at my house 
on Tusday at 2 Oclock. Thay will have to Call the Willmington 
Loge Speshelly, but the two others meet on thare stated nights 

"I am Sir with Respect yours &c 
" George A. Baker Esq.-^- " " Israel Israel 

The E.. W. Grand Secretary wrote as follows : 

" I am direct by y» R. W. G. M. to inform y» W. M. of L. No. 14 
that he tog'' w* his G. Off™ proposes making y« L. a G. V. on W y^ 
1°' of May next. No ret^ have been rec* from y° Lo for a long time 
past & I do not know who at present is W. M. of y^ same. I there- 
fore make free to request y° fav'' of your com: this to y« W. M. of 
s* L. No. 14 "lam George A. Baker,* 

" Gr Se(^y." 
* MSS., Vol. F, paquet 93, f oUo 19. 
9 113 

This Grand Visitation was evidently made. No account of 
it, however, has come down to us. The following is the com- 
plete roster of Lodge 33, as recorded upon the Register of the 
Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania :" 

" Eegisteb of Lodge No 33 Held at New Castle Del. 

When Initiated 




Joseph Israel, 

A. 1790, 

Mar. 1, 

W. M. 1790, '91, '92, '93, 
'94, '95, '96, '97, '98. 

George Monro, 

A. 1790, 

Mar. 1. 

Henry Darby, 

A. 1790, 

Mar. 1. 

William M'Kinnan, 

A. 1790, 

Mar. 1. 

Edward Roche, 

A. 1790, 

Mar. 1. 

Arch* Alexander, 

A. 1790, 

Mar. 1. 

John Stockton, 

A. 1790, 

Mar. 1, 

James M^Cullough, 

A. 1790, 

Mar. 1. 

James Riddle, 

A. 1790, 

Mar. 1, 

W. M. 1799. 

James Booth, 

A. 1790, 

Mar. 1. 

Kensy Johns, 

A. 1790, 

Mar. 1. 

Jacob Webb, 

A. 1790, 

Mar. 1. 

James M°Callmont, 

A. 1790, 

Mar. 1. 

Henry Bai'ry, 

A. 1790, 

Mar. 1. 

Levi Adams, 

A. 1790, 

Mar. 1. 

WUliam M-^Clay, 

A. 1790, 

Mar. 1. 

William Dixon, 

A. 1790, 

Aug. 5. 

James Monro. 

Mathew Pierce, 

A. 1791, Aug. 

George Read, Jur., 

A. 1792, 

Peb. 2. 

Jediah Davidson, 

A. 1793, 


Maxwell Biens, 

I. 1792, 


W. M. 1799. 

John Bird, 

I. 1797, 


W. M. 1800, '01, '02, '03. 

John Darragh, 

I. 1797, 


Thomas Shallcross, 

1. 1797, : 


Thos M'^Kean Thomson, 

I. 1797, 


John Crow, 

I. 1797, 


John Baptist. 

"Eegister of MemberSj 

, Vol. I, page 202. 


no0tn of Hobs* Mo. 33, a. S. 9?. 

Maxwell Biens, A. 1796, Dec, 

William Euth, I. 1799, Feb., W. M. 1802. 

John Smith, I. 1799, Mar. 

Jacob Colesberry, I. 1799, Mar. 

Michael King, I. 1799, Mar. 

James Darby, 1. 1799, March. 

Alexander Forrest, A. 1799, July. 

Evan Thomas, A. 1800, May 1. 

Thomas Moore, A. 1799, Sept. 5. 

Thomas Janvier, I. 1799, Nov. 7. 

William Brady, I. 1799, Dec. 5. 

Antrim Conaro, A. 1800, Jan. 2. 

John Adams, I. 1800, Feb. 6. 

John Janvier, I. 1800, Mar. 6. 

Alex'. Duncan, I. 1800, Mar. 6. 

W™. Clark Carpenter. 

Alexander Cowan, A. 1801, Feb. 

Francis Haughey, I. 1801, Feb. 

Christopher Weaker, A. 1801, May. 

William Irwin, I. 1801, July. 

William Pusey, I. 1801, July. 

Hugh Mercer, A. 1801, Sept. 

The Warrant of this Lodge was vacated for unmasonic eon- 
duet the fifteenth day of September, 1806. 




N June 24, 1780, a petition from a 
number of Brethren in Talbot 
County, Maryland, praying for a 
Warrant for a new Lodge to be held 
at Talbot Court House, now the 
town of Easton, was presented be- 
fore the Grand Lodge by the Deputy 
Grand Master, R. "W". Bro. John 
Coats. This was accompanied by 
the following personal letter,^ 

which, on account of the interesting revolutionary matter it 

contains, is here given in full : 

"Bear Brother {^Goats] 

" Some few Weeks past I was favoured with yours by our Brother 
Stevens informing me that you had understood a few of the Brother- 
hood in Talbot were inclined to procure a Warrant and form a Lodge 
at the Courthouse which was truly the case and from the Friendly and 
Brotherly hint you was pleased to give, we drew up a Petition in legal 
form to the Grand Lodge (of whom give me leave to congratulate 
you as one) for you to procure us a Dispensation which cannot fail 
of succeeding if your Approbation go along with it. The hurry of 
Business at the time prevented my answering your Letter which I 
hope will sufficiently appologise for the neglect. We delivered the 

1 MSS., Vol. C, paquet 138, folio 12. 


Petition to Brother Stevens addressed to you, since -which we have not 
heard any thing more about it. Pray have you had an Oppertunity 
of doing any thing for us or is there a Prospect of our succeeding. 
I am anxious to have the Warrant effected that we may be doing 
something more particularly as the Distance is so very considerable 
from us to No. 17. Should we be so Happy as to obtain a Warrant 
we Purpose before we go to Labour to repair to our respective Lodges 
and part on even Ground. Whatever the expence may be the Money 
shall be remitted whenever you think Proper with our grateful thanks 
for the favour. I hope your Lady and dear little Daughter are well 
which I sincerely congratulate you of. By a Gentleman from An- 
napolis a few days past who is lately from North Carolina we learn 
that the Enemy have beyond a doubt surrounded Charles Town. That 
General Clinton had sent in a summons to demand Possession of the 
Town. That General Lincoln had returned for answer that he would 
surrender provided he would be permitted to come out with the 
Honors of War. Should this be true and the offer accepted on the 
part of Clinton we are inclined to believe that Clinton will violate 
his Contract and make a Saratoga affair of it. Some Gentlemen are 
of Opinion that Lincoln will make an obstinate defence and keep 
possession if possible. His Army being superior in number, good 
health, good Spirits and Nine Months Provisions; should this be the 
case it may be of infinite Advantage to us, although I confess my 
fears are that it is not in our possession at this time. Some ground 
less reports have lately prevailed among us that a French fleet had 
appeared to the Northward with Eight or Ten thousand Land forces 
on board and that General Washington had put his Army in Motion 
and that New York was the object; they have not yet appeared and 
suppose they should have arrived is it good policy to bring the forces 
to the Northward when we are in want of them to the Southward. 
You perhaps may be better advised, if so and time permits I should 
be glad to be informed. The Business of the Courts and Land 
Office commands most of my Time so that I may with Truth say 
I live in a State of Slavery, but could I have the Opportunity of 
entering the Threshold of the Temple once more it would afford 
great refreshment to me. I hope it will not be long before I shall 
be that much Happy which is the hearty wish and desire of Dear 
Sir Your Affectionate Brother & 

" Very humble Servant 

" Chaelbs Gardiner " 
" Talbot Court House June 8'". 1780. 


After the petition and letter were read, Bro. Coats left the 
matter for the consideration of the next Grand Lodge. 

July 2, 1781. The Grand Lodge resumed the consideration 
of the petition from Talbot County, Maryland, which was unan- 
imously granted. The Warrant was Number 34 upon the 
Eoster, and the Lodge was to be held at the village known as 
Talbot Court House, or within five miles of the same. 

Bro. John Coats, Deputy Grand Master, and the Rev. Bro. 
WiUiam Smith, Grand Secretary, were appointed to go to 
Maryland and install the officers, to wit : 

Bro. Charles Gardner, Master. 
" Eichard Skinner, S. W. 
" John Stevens, J. W. 

A Letter of Deputation from Lodge No. 34 to Bro. "W". 
Moore Smith, to represent the said Lodge in the Grand Lodge, 
was read at the Quarterly Communication, December, 1781, 
and allowed. 

This appears to have been the last communication from 
Lodge No. 34, to the Grand Lodge. Talbot Court House ap- 
pears to have been the chief center for the abortive attempt 
to establish a Grand Lodge on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, 
a full account of which is given in the history of Lodge No. 6 
(Volume I, p. 195 of this work) , and strange as it may appear 
two of the most prominent factors in this movement were Bro. 
John Coats, R. W. Deputy Grand Master of Pennsylvania, 
and the Rev. Bro. WiUiam Smith, R. W. Grand Secretary. 

Upon the surrender of its Warrant to the Grand Lodge of 
Pennsylvania, in 1787, the Lodge joined the Grand Lodge 
of Maryland, which was finally formed on April 17, 1787, 
and became No. 6 of that Jurisdiction. The Lodge ceased 
about 1794. 



1 !^ s ^1 




^^ HE oldest known records, re- 
\9j lating to Freemasonry in 
former Baltimore County, 
Maryland, are in the hands of Gen- 
eral Thomas J. Shryoek, M. "W. 
Grand Master, of the Grand Lodge, 
A. F. & M. of Maryland, and con- 
sist of a Certificate and receipt 
given by the Master and "Wardens 

SEAL OP JOPPA LODGE, NO. 2, „ _ , - -. „ , ^ j • t 

of Lodge No. 2, located m Joppa,^ 
Baltimore (now Harford) County, Maryland, viz.: — 

"Let There Be Light. 

" To All WorsMpful Masters and Wardens of Regular 


"We the Master and Wardens of Lodge No. 2 Baltimore County 
Maryland Do recommend unto You Our Brother Ephrain Howard 
of the Frst Degree (E P) and as appears by our Redgester; And 
that you will accept of him if on Trial and examination he shaU be 

^Joppa is an old settlement near the Gunpowder Biver, about half 
way between Baltimore and the Susquehanna River. 


so found. Given at Lodge in Joppa the 25th. Day of August A D 

1764 A M 5764 and under the Seal thereof. 

"EiCHAED Wagstaite, Master 
"Samuel Parsons 
"John Boyd 

Attached is a CTirious Seal of Square and Compass. 
On the back is endorsed: — 

" James Armstrong, Secty pro tempore " 

" Admitied 1764, Ephraim Howard 

Certificate " 

Also : — 

"Ephrain Howard debtor to General Charity 
for impression of the Seal. 

"Thos. Gassaway Howard 

" Treasurer." 

This certificate is aceompanied by a receipt, as follows : 

" Received August 11th. 1764 A M 5764 Brother Ephrain Howard 
l/13s for fee admitted to the Degree of Entered Apprentice at our 
Lodge in Joppa. 

"Thos. G. Howard" 

In the Archives of the Grand Lodge of Maryland there is 
the "Warrant for a Masonic Lodge to be held at the old town 
of Joppa, in Baltimore (New Harford) County, Maryland. 

This Warrant, according to Bro. Schultz, the historian of 
the Grand Lodge of Maryland, bears the date of August 8, 
1765, and was granted by Lord Blaney, of Castle Blaney, who 
was the R. W. Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of the Most 
Ancient and Honorable Society of Free and Accepted Masons 
of England. This, it will be noted, was the Grand Lodge of 
the so-called "Moderns." 

' Book of Proceedings in Grand Lodge of Maryland. Cf. Schultz, 
" FreemasonTy in Maryland," p. 33 et seq. 


3Ioppa %oHt> Bo, I, "9^oittn^" 

By virtue of said Warrant, Lodge No. 1 was opened^ at 
Joppa, November 21, 1765, the officers being : 

Eev. Bro. Samuel Howard, Master. 

" Richard WagstafiE, Senior Warden. 

" John Hammond Dorsey, Junior Warden. 

There were present upon that occasion, 

Master Masons : 
Bro. Edward Fell, Bro. James Wetherall, 

" Thomas "Ward, " Joseph Eeroyd, 

" Daniel Barnet, " Joseph Smith. 

Fellow Crafts: 

Bro. Eiehard Wells, Bro. John Norris, Jr., 

" Hammond John Cromwell, " Samuel Cross. 
" Freeborn Brown, 

It will be noted that the above certificate is dated before the 
Warrant of this Lodge in Bro. Schultz' history. In the Lodge 
in Bro. Schultz' history of Joppa, Bro. Wagstaffe was one of 
the Wardens. In this Lodge he is the Worshipful Master. 

Accordingly there must have been at least two Masonic 
Lodges in Baltimore County, Maryland, prior to the granting 
of the Blaney Warrant or Charter. 

It will be noted that the Joppa Lodge, according to its 
Warrant, was of the "Moderns." This fact, for some un- 
known reason, appears to have been overlooked by the mem- 
bers, who either knew nothing of the two English Grand 
Lodges — so-called "Moderns" and "Ancients" — or else sup- 
posed there was no difference between the various Lodges ; and 
an effort was made, early in the year 1766, to enter into com- 
munication with the Philadelphia Brethren — "Ancients." 
For this purpose, Richard Wagstaff, Senior Warden of Joppa 
Lodge No. 1, went to Philadelphia, and, upon his return, 


flDIH Sl?ai6(onfc JLoUst^ "»t pfnn^gltianfa 

" Made report that he lately had been at Philadelphia and that he 
■was desired by the Master and Brethem of Lodge No. 3 Ancient 
York Masons in the Aforesaid City to make a motion to this Lodge 
that they should be glad to carry on a regular Correspondence with 
Lodge No 1 Ancient Masons Joppa which desire was Lnmediately 
agreed to. Master and Brethem names and place of meeting are 
taken down as follows 

"Held at John Kelleys in"] " John Fallwell, M : 
" Pewter Platter Alley Philadel- [■ " Henet Dawkins, S : "W. 
phia." J "Thomas Bedman, J: W." 

It will be seen by the above report, that the Philadelphia 
Brethren of Lodge No. 3 supposed the Joppa Lodge No. 1, 
to be of the "Ancients." 

When Bro. Wagstafif came to Philadelphia, he first at- 
tempted to visit Lodge No. 2, A. Y. M., but was not admitted, 
as appears from the Minutes of that Lodge, viz. :* 

May 13, 1766. "One Eichard Wagstaffe a person from 
Maryland desired to visit us, whereupon Bros. Jones & Lennox 
were ordered to examine him and upon tryal he was not found 
worthy, the principal reason Being Examined whether he had 
not been concerned in Clandestanly making. Acknowledged 
he had & for other sufficient reasons was refused admittance." 

Afterwards Bro. "Wagstaff applied to Lodge No. 3, with 
better success, as is shown by the above extracts from the 
Minutes of Joppa Lodge.* 

The Brethren of Joppa Lodge, No. 1, meeting occasionally 
at Harford Town, and subsequently alternating at "Joppa" 
and Belle Air (Belair) , continued to work under the authority 
of the "Modems," until the outbreak of the Revolution, 
when, it appears, the Lodge suspended its labors until May 2, 
1781, when it was again opened "in the Town of Joppa and 
carried on with decorum and regularity, by the following 

' Cf. ' ' Freemasonry in Pennsylvania, ' ' Vol. I, p. 165. 

* The Early Minutes of Lodge No. 3, A. T. M., covering 1766, are lost. 


"a?0liwns(" 60. *'SLntientg» 

elected officers: Reverend George Hughes "Worsley, Master, 
Richard Mills, Senior Warden, and William AUender, Junior 
Warden and their successors till November following; about 
vsrhich time, one of the Brethren made application to No. 15, 
Fells Point, to be admitted as a visitor and was rejected for be- 
ing a 'Modern' Brother, therefore the Brethren of the Joppa 
Lodge were unwilling to continue Modern Masons any longer 
and for their Satisfaction sent their Warrant by the hands of 
M' Robert Moore of Baltimore Town, to the Grand Lodge of 
Philadelphia to have their important opinion of the matter. 
It was their opinion that it was a Modern Warrant."" 

Bro. Robert Moore arrived in Philadelphia with the War- 
rant, and reported to Bro. Rutherford, and the latter, as 
Acting Grand Master, at once summoned a Grand Lodge of 
Emergency, which convened, October 18, 1781. 

When a letter from Mr. William AUender was read to the 
Grand Master "enclosing a Warrant from Lord Blaney to 
hold a Lodge at Joppa, praying advice and Directions from 
this Grand Lodge. 

"Whereupon, Resolved, That it appears to this Grand Lodge 
that the Warrant is a modern one ; but that if on proper appli- 
cation, some of the members of the Modern Lodge so held at 
Joppa are found worthy, and enter 'd, pass'd, and rais'd in 
one of the ancient Lodges at Baltimore, that then, on the 
Recommendation of that ancient Lodge to this Grand Lodge, 
we shall think it conducive to the Benefit of the Craft to 
grant them a new Warrant if they Surrender their Modern 
one, and in the mean time. We recommend it to the Lodges to 
be cautious in not admitting them to sit with them while 
remaining Moderns."* 

"Book of Proceedings in Grand Lodge of Maryland. Cf. Schultz, 
"Freemasonry in Maryland," Vol. I, p. 302. 

"Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 42. 


SDltt 9t^a0onic fLohse^ ot penmEt^Ibanta 

After the close of the Grand Lodge, the following letters 
of advice were sent to Bro. Moore and Mr. AUenander : 

"PhiladA Oct'- 22, 1781. 


"Sir — If M'' William AUenden or any other of the Gentlemen of 
the Body to which he belongs aplies to you to go over the ground in a 
proper manner, I request you will render him any assistance in your 
power to Confirm the business he is embarked in, you paying that 
atention which is necess^> &i let me hear from you as Soon as Con- 
venient on the Occation. 

« I am Sir 

" y humble Serv*. 

"AlexK Rutheepoed 
"Baltimore" " D. G. M. 

"PhiladA Oct'- 22, 1781. 

" Your favor of the 14 Curr' was handed me by M"'- Robert Moore; 
agreeable to what you mention I desired the Grand Lodge to be Called, 
which was accordingly done, I presented your letter to the body, at 
same time M"" Moore laid your Warrant before them, when after 
Strict tryal, & examination every member then present gave their 
Opinion — the Warrant was Modern, — You desire me to give my advice 
of the mater; from what hath been Say* in the foregoing tis just ia 
my opinion, the Warrant is Modern, it is the Wish & desire of the 
Grand Lodge, if agreeable to you & the other Gentlemen that you & 
not less than two or three more of your body aply to either of the 
bodies in Baltimore for permission to go over the ground again — & 
as Soon as that is done M"" Moore will give you and the other Gentle- 
men his opinion & advice in what manner to aply for an Antient 
Warrant to the Grand Lodge of the State of Pennsylvania, which 
I am pretty well Convinced will be Complied with' 

«I am Sir 

" Your Humble Serv' 
" AlexK Rutheepoed 
"Copy "D.G.M. 

" M' WiUiam Allenden 

" near Baltimore " 

' Vide MSS., Vol. C, paquet 138, foUo 17. 
'Hid., folio 18. 


petition tot MHattant 

The Brethren in Harford County acted upon the advice of 
Bro. Eutherford, to qualify the requisite number of Brethren 
in Lodge No. 16 in Baltimore, as appears by the following 
letter from Bro. Robert Moore to Bro. Rutherford : 

"Baltimore January 9th 1782 
"Dear Sir: 

" The letter you deliver* to my care for M"' W™ Allender of Joppa 
I had the pleasure to deliver before I reaeht home, haveing accident- 
ally met with that Gentleman and one of the other Concern* at M' 
PhiUps' on the road, at the same time gave them verbal Instructions 
how to proceed if they agreed on to apply for an Antient Warrant. 
— in a few days after three petitions were presented to Lodge No 16 
at our monthly meeting by M' Allender, M'' Bretbury & M'' Gods- 
grace, they were in due time accepted, and going over the Ground 
became Antient Master Masons. Soon after at their request I went 
to Joppa with two more Brothers and assisted by one E>octor Budd 
(who near lives near Joppa) an old acquaintance of mine in the 
Masonic way, where we sett two more of the Modem Gentlemen 
Right viz. M'' Day & M' Weston. Doctor Budd I found as he was 
settle*, there intended to joyne as soon as an Antient Warrant was 
got, and I was assure* of one or two more who I know to be Antient, 
and lives not far from Joppa that will Joyn them. So that it is my 
opinion there is sufficient of them to do business. Br. AUender who 
they appoint Masf. has been often with me. I have examin* and 
instructed him, I find his knowledge of Masonry is such that there 
wants only to erase some few footsteps of the Modem tract, when 
(as he is both anxious and industrious) I have not the least doubt he 
wiU be able to Rule govern and instruct as he ought to do, I have 
promis* them that every assistance in my power shall not be wanting, 
which they shall have at any time only applying. 

" Their petition will go with this which I make no doubt will be 
granted, I declare myself satisfle* it shou* the more so as I know 
the characters of Several of the Gentlemen particularly the sub- 
scribers. — I shall write by this opportunity to Brof Bernard and 
send some acknowledgement to the G. Lodge from No. 16 in regard 
to which I shall write fully to him. I am D' S'' your very Respectful 
& affect* friend & Broth' » " RobT Mooee." 

The following petition accompanied the above letter : 

• MS8., Vol. O, paquet 85, folio 32. 


"To THE Right Woeshipi'ul the Grand Master, Deputt Grand 
Master, Grand Wardens and Brethren op the Right Worship- 
ful the Grand Lodge of Ancient York Masons in Philadblphia. 
" The Humble Petition of William AUender, George Gouldsmith 
Presbuiy, William Godsgraee, Edward Day, John Weston and several 
others have for these Sixteen Years past met and Assembled together 
as Free Masons : under a Warrant granted in the Year 1765, to the 
Rev. Samuel Howard, by a Grand Lodge in London ; and have always 
conducted ourselves agreeable to the orders and Instructions given 
with said Warrant, not knowing but what we were sufficiently quali- 
fied to be admitted into any Lodge of Masons throughout the Globe; 
till very lately we were informed otherwise by some of the Brethren 
in Baltimore : yet doubting we agreed and sent the Warrant by Bro. 
Robert Moore of Baltimore to your Right Worshipful Grand Lodge; 
for full Satisfaction on the return of the Warrant which you Assured 
us was Modem, we were favored with a Letter of Instructions from 
the Right Worshipful Alexander Rutherford G. M., which Instruc- 
tions we have followed in every Respect by Brother Moore and 
Brother AUenders Letters to Brother Rutherford, the Lodge will be 
particulary informed of our proceedings. . . . 

" Your Petitioners now humbly hope and expect there is nothing 
left undone on our parts that may impede or delay your granting 
us a Warrant : which we would wish to have with as much expedition 
as may possibly be convenient to the Grand Lodge, as there are 
several very worthy Members of our former Lodge who wish and 
are impatient to be as we, and it would give us infinite pleasure if we 
could have it by the Bearer. 

" The Grand Lodge will please to nominate Brother William 
AUender, Worshipful Master, Brother George Gouldsmith Presbury 
Esq'., Sen"' Warden, and Brother William Godsgraee Junior Warden, 
the Lodge is to be held in the Town of Joppa, in Hartford County, 
Maryland. In humble hope of your favour for the success of Antient 
Masonry in General, and the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, in par- 
ticular, your petitioners shall forever Pray. 
" January 4'"' 1782. 

"N. B.— The Grand Lodge will be 
pleased to be more than ordinary 
particular to appoint Joppa to be 
the place specified in the Warrant 
to hold the Lodge in, and in very 

Wn.TiTAM Allendeb 
Geo. Gould. Peesbdbt 
William Godsgeace 
Edvstard Day 
John Weston 
_ John Gwinn 
126 No. 35 

loppa JLoHt Bo. 35, SI. ^. 9^. 

strong Terms as also to make the Warrant invalid and of no effect 
held in any other place except the Town of Joppa, and be pleased 
further to make all Lodges Clandestine that is held out of Joppa by 
virtue of this Warrant expected which we think will sufl&eiently 
hinder any removal of our Lodge or Warrant which we humbly Pray 
wHL be agreeable to your Right Worshipful Grand Lodge. 

" Signed by Order of your Petitioners Edward Day, Secretary." ^' 

This petition was read at a Grand Lodge of Emergency, 
held February 16, 1782, and the prayer was unanimously 
granted, the Lodge to be held at Joppa only, and the number 
to be 35. 

The officers of the new Lodge were : 

William Allender, Master. 

George Goldsmith Pressbury, Senior Warden. 

William. Godsgrace, Junior Warden. 

Bro. Godsgrace died shortly afterwards and Bro. Edward 
Day was selected as Junior Warden. "The officers went to 
No. 15, Federal Hill, Baltimore, and were there installed in 
a Past Master's Lodge." 

Among the early membership were the following : 

John Weston, Maj. Samuel Caldwell, 

Eobert Moore, Samuel Day, 

W™ Eae, Capt. James Phillips, 

George Budd, Edward Carvil Tolley, 

Patrick Finegan, Capt. Samuel Budd, 

Ephraim Cole, Gabriel Vanhom, 

Edward Day M^Comas, Wm. Kerr, 

John Stevenson, James Giles, 

Eobert Young Stokes, Gabriel Christie, 

Capt. Chas. Baker, Ralph Bond, 

Stephen Onion, John Smith, 

Maj. Samuel Smith, Abraham Jarrett, 

Gilbert Jones, Bamet Johnson of Thomas, 

"MSS., Vol. O, paquet 94, folio 11. 


iSDltt St^aieiottic %ottst& ot ^mn&nlbania 

Bamet Johnson of Baxnet, 
Benj. Preston, 
Joseph Wheeler, 
James Lee, 
ToUey Worthington, 
Wm. M'^Comas, 
Archibald Eobinson, 
Moses Maxwell, 
Clement Skerritt 

James Taylor, 
Wm. Welsh, 
Gittings Gover, 
Harry Gough, 
Wm. Smith, 
Robert Amos, 
John Hay, 
John BuU, 
Mathew Snowdy, 

Many of the above were members of the old Modern Lodge, 
and had therefore to be re-initiated. 

The next notice we find of the Lodge upon the Minutes of 
the Grand Lodge is under date of March 29, 1784, when Bro. 
Rutherford acknowledges to have received £4.15.0, "being in 
part of Dues from Lodge No. 35, held at Joppa." 

Lodge No. 35 does not appear to have joined the Grand 
Lodge of Maryland, or to have participated in either of the 
conventions held upon the Eastern Shore, to form a Grand 
Lodge. The Lodge appears to have existed until the year 1792. 


B. VIRGINIA, 1752 D. WASHINGTON, D. C, FEB. 24, 1823. 






T a meeting of the Grand 
Lodge, held Monday, Sep- 
tember 2, 1782, the follow- 
ing petition, signed by twenty 
Brethren, officers in the New 
Jersey Brigade, in the conti- 
nental army, was read, praying 
for a warrant, to hold a travel- 
ling military warrant, to be at- 
tached to the said line : 

" To the Worshipful Grand Lodge 
of the State of Pennsylvania?- 

" The petition of the officers of the Jersey Line most respectfully 
Sheweth that your petitioners are deeply sensible of the advantage 
and utility of masonry acruing to that part of mankind who are dis- 
posed to lead their lives agreeably to the rational and benevolent 
rules of its constitution; and wishing to promote the honor and 
dignity of the craft we would most earnestly request of your worship- 
ful body to grant us a Warrant according to the nature of our situ- 
ation, that we may be enabled to proceed to business with that order 
and decency which are the ornaments of sober and rational men. 

^MSS., Vol. P, paquet 95, folio 43. 

10 129 

And farther we would request that our worthy Brother the Rev* 
Andrew Hunter/ whom we have chosen for that purpose, may be 
appointed our master in masonry. Our worthy Brother Captain 
Joseph I. Anderson' Senior Warden, and our worthy Brother Cap*"- 
Aaron Ogden' Junior Warden. Any other favors which you in your 
wisdom shall Judge conducive to our reputation and well-being shall 
be most gratefully acknowledged and sedulously improved, And your 
petitioners as in duty bound shall pray. 

" Jersey Huts "> 

"May 25* 1782" j 

The following names were signed to above petition : 

Matt[hias] Ogden, Col. Served as a volunteer in the Expe- 
dition to Canada and was wounded at Quebec, December 
31, 1775; Lieutenant-Colonel, 1st New Jersey, March 7, 
1776 ; Colonel, January 1, 1777 ; taken prisoner at Eliza- 
bethtown, New Jersey, October 5, 1780; granted leave 

'Eev. Bro. Andrew Hunter was the son of a British officer, born in 
Virginia in 1752. He was licensed to preach by the first Presbytery of 
Philadelphia in 1773. He was appointed a Brigade Chaplain in 1775, 
and served throughout the Eevolution, receiving public thanks from Gen- 
eral Washington for valuable aid at the Battle of Monmouth. He later 
became a Chaplain in the Navy. Bro. Hunter died in Washington, D. C, 
February 24, 1823. 

'Bro. Joseph J. Anderson, Ensign, 3d New Jersey, May, 1776; 1st 
Lieutenant, November 29, 1776; promoted. Captain, October 26, 1777; 
transferred to 1st New Jersey, January 1, 1781; Eegimental Paymaster 
from October 26, 1777, to close of the war; Brevet Major, September 30, 
1783. He died April 17, 1837. 

* Aaron Ogden, Paymaster, 1st New Jersey, December 8, 1775, to 
November, 1776; Brigade Major to Maxwell's Brigade from March, 1778 
to 1780; promoted to Captain, February 2, 1779; served to close of war; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, 11th TJ. S. Infantry, January 8, 1799; honorably 
discharged, June 15, 1800. Captain Ogden was entrusted by Washington 
with the delicate commission relating to Andre and Arnold, and bringing 
about the surrender of the latter. After the close of his military career 
he studied law, and served as Presidential Elector, State Senator, and, 
in 1812 as Governor of New Jersey. He died in 1839, at the age of 
eighty-three years. 


&isntt^ to ^ttititm, Eotigt Mo, 36, SL, @. 9$, 

April 21, 1783, to visit Europe and did not return to the 
army; Brevet Brigadier-General, September 30, 1783. 
He died March 21, 1791. 

F[rancis] Baebee, Lieut. Col. Major, 3d New Jersey, Janu- 
ary 18, 1776; Lieutenant-Colonel, November 28, 1776; 
wounded at Monmouth, June 28, 1778 ; wounded at New- 
town, August 29, 1779; wounded at Yorktown, October 
14, 1781 ; transferred to 1st New Jersey, January 1, 1781 ; 
Colonel, 2d New Jersey, 1783 ; accidentally killed by the 
falling of a tree, February 11, 1783. 

G [iLEs] Mead, Capt. 1st Lieutenant, 1st New Jersey, Decem- 
ber 10, 1775, to November 10, 1776; 1st Lieutenant, 1st 
New Jersey, November 29, 1776; Captain, October 29, 
1777, and served to close of war. 

J[ohn] N[oble] Gumming, L* Col. 1st Lieutenant, 2d New 
Jersey, November 29, 1775 ; Captain, November 30, 1776 ; 
Major, 1st New Jersey, April 16, 1780; Lieutenant- 
Colonel, 2d New Jersey, December 29, 1781 ; Lieutenant- 
Colonel Commandent, February 11, 1783; retained in 
New Jersey Battalion, April, 1783, and served to Novem- 
ber 13, 1783. 

Jn° [John] Holmes, Cap*. 2d Lieutenant, 1st New Jersey, 
February 9, 1776; 1st Lieutenant, November 28, 1776; 
Captain, February 1, 1779, and served to June 3, 1783. 

'W[iiimAM] Piatt, Cap'. Private and Sergeant, 1st New 
Jersey, December, 1775, to August, 1776 ; 2d Lieutenant, 
August 20, 1776; 1st Lieutenant, January 15, 1777; 
Captain, March 11, 1780, and served to April, 1783. 

A [eel] Wetman, Capt. Ensign, 1st New Jersey, August 4 
to November, 1776; Ensign, 4th New Jersey, November 
28, 1776 ; 2d Lieutenant, February 17, 1777 ; 1st Lieuten- 
ant, November 1, 1777; transferred to 2d New Jersey, 

July 1, 1778; Captain-Lieutenant, April 16, 1780; trans- 
ferred to 1st New Jersey, January 1, 1781 ; Captain, 1st 
New Jersey, January 1, 1781, and served to April, 1783. 
The name also spelled Wayman. 

Sam [xjb] 'l Sebly, Lieut. Ensign, 1st New Jersey, October 4, 
1777; 2d Lieutenant, October 29, 1778; 1st Lieutenant, 
March 11, 1780 ; retained in New Jersey Battalion, April, 
1783, and served to close of war. 

Silas Paeeott, Lt. 2d Lieutenant of Spencer's Additional 
Continental Regiment, January 4, 1778; retired, April 
23, 1779 ; Ensign 1st New Jersey, June 1, 1780 ; to rank 
from January 4, 1778, and served to April, 1783. 

Eden Bureowes, Lt. Sergeant, 1st New Jersey, December, 
1776; 2d Lieutenant, March, 1777; 1st Lieutenant, 
January 4, 1778 ; retained in New Jersey Battalion, April, 
1783, and served to November 3, 1783. 

Absalom Maetin, Lieut. Paymaster, 4th New Jersey, Novem- 
ber 28, 1776; Lieutenant, 1st New Jersey, November 2, 
1777 ; Regimental Paymaster, February 1, 1779, to June, 
1783; Captain, January 6, 1783, and served to close of 
war ; Captain, 27th United States Infantry, May 20, 1813 ; 
honorably discharged, June 1, 1814. 

Deeick Lane, Lieut. 2d Lieutenant, 4th New Jersey, Novem- 
ber 28, 1776 ; 2d Lieutenant, 2d New Jersey, February 5, 
1777; 1st Lieutenant, November 8, 1777; Regimental 
Quartermaster, April 3, 1779; Captain-Lieutenant, July 
5, 1779; Captain, February 11, 1783; retained in New 
Jersey Battalion, April, 1783, and served to June 3, 1783 ; 
Captain, United States Infantry Regiment, August 12, 
1784 ; resigned, November 24, 1785. 

Luther Halset, Lieut. Sergeant, 2d New Jersey, November, 
1775; Regimental Adjutant, 2d New Jersey, November 


Memt0 to ^ttition, llobse J|2p. 36, SL, $. 9^. 

28, 1777 ; retained in New Jersey Battalion, April, 1783 ; 
brevet Captain, September 30, 1783, and served to 
November 3, 1783. 

Jn° Peck, Lieut. 2d Lieutenant, 2d New Jersey, November 

29, 1776 ; 1st Lieutenant, November 10, 1777 ; Eegimental 
Paymaster, April 2, 1778, to January, 1783 ; retained in 
New Jersey Battalion, April, 1783; brevet Captain, 
September 30, 1783; served to November, 1783; served 
also as Captain in New Jersey Militia. 

John Euecastle [Rencastle]. Private, Corporal and Ser- 
geant 3d New Jersey, December, 1775, to November, 1777 ; 
2d Lieutenant, 3d New Jersey, November 1, 1777; 1st 
Lieutenant, April 7, 1779 ; transferred to 1st New Jersey, 
January 1, 1781, and served to April, 1783. 

John Blair, Lieut. Ensign 4th New Jersey, November 28, 
1776; 2d Lieutenant, 3d New Jersey, May 1, 1777; 1st 
Lieutenant, November 1, 1779; Regimental Adjutant, 
November 1, 1780; transferred to 1st New Jersey, Janu- 
ary 1, 1781, and served to April, 1783. 

J[ONATHAnr] Rhea, Lieut. Ensign, 2d New Jersey, January 
1, 1777 ; 2d Lieutenant, April 1, 1778 ; retained in New 
Jersey Battalion in April, 1783, and served to November 
3, 1783. 

Jacob Hakeis, Surg'n. Surgeon 's-Mate, 1st New Jersey, 
November 28, 1776; Surgeon 's-Mate, 4tb New Jersey, 
February 26, 1777 ; transferred to 1st New Jersey, July 1, 
1778; Surgeon, November 16, 1782; retained in New 
Jersey Battalion, April, 1783, and served to November, 

E[PHRiAM L.] Whitlock, Lieut. Ensign, 4th New Jersey, 
November 28, 1776 ; 2d Lieutenant, January 1, 1777 ; 1st 
Lieutenant, November 23, 1777; transferred to 1st New 


Jersey, July 1, 1778; retained in New Jersey Battalion, 
April, 1783; brevet Captain, September 30, 1783, and 
served to November, 1783; Major, ISth United States 
Infantry, May 1, 1812; Lieutenant-Colonel, 14th Infan- 
try, November 14, 1813; honorably discharged, June 15, 
Absalom Bonham, Lieut. 2d Lieutenant, 4th New Jersey, 
November 1, 1777 ; transferred to 2d New Jersey, July 1, 
1778; 1st Lieutenant, March 27, 1780, and served to 
April, 1783. 

The prayer of the New Jersey Brethren was unanimously 
granted. The Warrant contains several restrictions' and sets 
forth : 

" That "We, William Ball, Grand Master, Alexander Rutherford, 
Deputy Grand Master, William Adeock, Senior Grand Warden, 
William M^IIvaine, Junior Grand Warden, present and legal suc- 
cessors to the above-named Provincial Grand Officers,' as by the 
Grand Lodge Books may appear, by virtue of the power to us 
granted by the above in part recited Warrant, do hereby authorize 
and empower our trusty and well-beloved Brethren, the Rev. Andrew 
Hunter, (present Chaplain to the New Jersey Brigade), Master, 
Captain Joseph Insley Anderson, Senior Warden, Captain Aaron 
Ogden, Junior Warden of a new travelling Lodge, Number Thirty- 
six, to be held in the respective Cantonments of the aforesaid New 
Jersey Brigade, and not elsewhere. And we do further authorize 
and empower our said Brethren, the Reverend Andrew Hunter, 
Master, Captain Joseph Insley Anderson, Senior Warden, and Cap- 
tain Aaron Ogden, Junior Warden, to admit and make Free Masons 
according to the most ancient and honorable custom of the Royal 
Craft in all ages and nations thro'out the known World and not 
contrary- wise (and this Grand Lodge doth by the Powers vested in 
them, strictly enjoin and require that no citizens be initiated under 
the said Travelling Warrant Number Thirty-six while in the vicinity 
of any Lodge of Ancient Free Masons within the United States of 

' Vide original Warrant in Archives of the Grand Lodge. 

' Alluding to names mentioned in the introduetorj part of the Warrant. 


%ottgt Bo, 30, a, g. ^. 

America, excepted only when special Dispensations shall be granted 
for the purpose aforesaid by the Grand Master, or, in his absence, by 
the Deputy Grand Master of such Grand Lodge wheresoever this 
Lodge may be convened)." 

At an extra meeting of the Grand Lodge, Philadelphia, 
December 11, 1782, the "Rev*. Andrew Hunter was duly 
recommended in form to the R. "W. Grand Master in the chair, 
for Installation as Master of Lodge No. 36, granted to the 
New Jersey Brigade, 2* Septem'. last, and was accordingly 

June 17, 1784. The Grand Secretary, Bro. Joseph Howell, 
Jr., reported that he had received £6.10.0 from Bro. Procter 
in full for travelling "Warrant No. 36, of the Jersey line and 
paid the same to Hall and Sellers in part for printing 500 
copies of Doctor M'Gaw's sermon. 

Six months later, December 20, 1784, the "Warrant was sur- 
rendered to the Grand Lodge, and is now in the Archives of 
the Grand Lodge, and is believed to be the only original 
American military "Warrant in existence. 




Ixiili. Jlk. I "^ ^ Communication of the Grand 
.^lllllilll^ Lodge, Monday, September 2, 

1782, R. W. Bro. Wiliam BaU, 
Grand Master, stated that a let- 
ter was received, and by him 
"communicated to the Grand 
Lodge, from B"- Bourke and 
Smith, respecting the situation 
of several very respectable and 
ancient Characters in the part of 
Maryland in which they live, 
who being of the modern Order wish to go over again in the 
ancient form, and requesting the Indulgence of a Dispensa- 
tion; Whereupon, Resolved, That the Grand Master grant a 
Dispensation to B""- John Coats, late D. G. M., and B''- Smith, 
present G. Sec^-- or either of them, taking to their assistance 
such Brethren as they may see proper, to enter into the 
Mysteries of Masonry, General Hooper and such other respect- 
able and unexceptionable Characters as come within the de- 
scription of the above Letter. ' ' 
At the same Grand Communication, the following petition 


JLoHt Mo. 37, a. g. 

was presented and read from some Brethren in Princess Anne, 
Somerset County, Maryland. 

" Camb'gB. IS'" June 1782 
"Sir & Brother 

" I take the Liberty to inclose a Petition from some of our Brethren 
to your care Confident that its being granted will be of service to the 
Craft we earnestly request the G. L. will comply with their Prayer 

" They live fifty miles from this place, are worthy members, their 
conduct wUl do honor to the Craft' 

" I am Sir & Brother 

" Your very Hble Serv* 
" To " Thomas Bourkb 

" William Moore Smith, Esq." Master Lodge No. 29. 

"To The Eight Worshipful Grand Master, Deputy Grand 
Master, Senior and Junior Grand Wardens of the Grand 
Lodge in Philadelphia 

" The humble petition of sundry of your Brethren, inhabitants of 
Somerset County in the State of Maryland, Sheweth that from a 
Sincere conviction of the great utility of the royal Craft, they were 
induced to apply, and become members of Lodge No. 29, under your 
Jurisdiction, which is held in Cambridge, Dorchester Cof-, and have 
endeavored to improve themselves by its glorious precepts to the 
best of their abilities, but finding the distance so great from the 
place of their residence to the Lodge, that it is impractable for them 
to pay that attention, which is their wish, and they think their duty, 
they flatter themselves that the Grand Head from which they spring 
will countenance their desire of spreading their noble science, as f arr 
as their influence can possibly extend, they would wish to inform you 
that they live in a part of the Country Genteely settled, and at the 
distance of fifty miles from the Lodge, they at present belong to, and 
have no doubt of adding a number of Worthies to the Fraternity; 
they can with pleasure inform you that they have met with the appro- 
bation of their own Body. Their number at present is six, who upon 
a meeting have chosen your Petitioners as their OflScers, and should 
we be favor'd with your concurance, either by dispensation (i£ a 
Warrant cannot be immedeally granted) or by a Warrant, we request 

" MSS., Vol. O, paquet 90, folio 47. 


it may be held in Princess-Anne, Somerset County, and your Peti- 
tioners as in duty bound will ever pray 

" N. B. our Brother will obviate ^ " Lev. Winder, M. 

any difficulty in forming and ( " JnO- Waters Ju''- S. W. 

instaling us. ) " Francis J. Henry, J. W. 

« Cambridge IS''' June 1782 " 

After the above petition was read, it was ordered to lie 
over until next Communication, and ordered that the Grand 
Secretary inform the petitioners, that the Grand Lodge expect 
a Certificate from the Officers of the Lodge, in which they 
were made, respecting their behaviour and the propriety of 
granting a Warrant to them. 

At the Grand Communication, December 23, 1782, the fol- 
lowing letter was handed from the chair, and read : 

" Bight Worshipful " Cambridge Dec""- IS'''- 1782. 

" WM. Ball" 

" I had the honour of a letter from Brother W"- Smith Dep^ Q. 
See-"'- dated Sep''- last which the sickness of his father prevented my 
receiving before the last of November. A violent inflammation in 
my breast prevented me from answering it ere now. We have ob- 
served the contents ; and I am ordered to inform you that the mem- 
bers of our Lodge who applied for a Warrant to hold a new Lodge 
in Somerset, an adjoining County, whose names we sent you in my 
last are good members — an honour to the Craft. Their Distance 
from us is our only motive for wishing a separation — and the advan- 
tage which would arise from extending our knowledge the cause of 
our admitting them. 

" I may, perhaps, be out of order, if I am, impute it to igno- 
rance, by requesting that you would not order us to attend you but 
at such seasons of the year as will make travelling easy to us — ^We 
live at a distance and in the Winter the Weather is so severe that we 
cannot obey your orders without fear and trembling — We are anxi- 
ous that you should have a good opinion of us — I know we deserve 
it — Our Zeal for the Craft and the flourishing state of what I may 

' MSS., Vol. C, paquet 138, folio 23. ^ 


%OtiSt 120. 37, a. g. 9?. 

call an infant Lodge will atone for any neglect on our side when I 
may remind you that we have received no instructions but what our 
own observations and the advice of Brother Coats have afforded us 
— I repeat it — To hear from you often will lay the Lodge under 

"I am, Right Worshipful, 

"Your a££'"- brother and hble 
" Serv'- 

"ThomS- Botjbke 

" Bro. Smith, G* See^-- being present, and giving the said Brethren 
a good Character. A ballot was called for and taken, and it being 
approved of, Ordered that the Sec^- make out a "Warrant agreeable 
to their Petition, the Offlcers to be: Levin Winder, Master; John 
Waters, Jun., Senior Warden ; and Francis J. Henry, Junior Warden; 
the Warrant N°- 37." 

This was the ninth and last Lodge warranted in Maryland 
by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. 

Lodge No. 37 was one of the five Lodges which participated 
in the abortive attempt to establish a Grand Lodge on the 
Eastern Shore of Maryland, in June, 1783. Upon this occa- 
sion, the Lodge was represented by its Master, Bro. Levin 

At the formation of the Grand Lodge of Maryland in 1787, 
Lodge No. 37 was represented by Bros. John Done, Levin 
Winder and Richard Waters. Bro. Done, the Master of No. 
37, was unanimously chosen Junior Grand Warden. Lodge 
No. 37 became No. 7 under the Grand Lodge of Maryland, and 
ceased in the year 1793, 




T the meeting of the Grand 
Lodge, on Monday, Sep- 
tember 2, 1782, the follow- 
ing petition was presented, 
signed by a number of Brethren 
in Easton, in the County of 
Northampton, for a Warrant to 
hold a Lodge in the town of 
Easton : 

"To THE Right Woeshipful Grand Lodge of Ancient York 
Masons foe the District of Pennsylvania and places united 


" The Petition of the Subscribers 

"most respectfully Sheweth 

" That they are situated upwards of Fifty MUes from any war- 
ranted Lodge, and deprived of any Opportunity of communicating 
regularly with each other as Masons, they therefore Pray that if the 
Place may seem proper to the Grand Lodge, a Warrant may be 
granted to be held in the Town of Easton in the County of North- 
ampton, as it will certainly tend to promote those Principles of 
Universal Benevolence & Philanthropy which from the great Basis 
on which all our Structures are erected, & to the extending the Line 

^ MSS., Vol. F, paquet 71, folio 11. 


JLoHt Bo, 38, SU g. 191?., at Canton 

of Beauty, Order & Harmony which so particularly characterizes the 
Institution. There are several very worthy Characters here & in 
Sussex County in Jersey, who, already enlighten'd would be happy 
to profit by the Warrant, & others who walk in Darkness who would 
rejoice to be brought to Light. Our Brother Colonel Procter, who 
has opened his Military Warrant once in this Town, is we believe 
a Proper Person to inform the Grand Lodge of the Situation of the 
Place & of names proper to be inserted in the Warrant for Officers 
" And your Petitioners &e 

" Proposed Officers : 

" WillM- M. Smith Esq"'- Master 

" Alexander Patterson Esq'- S. W. 

" ME- Theop. Shannon, J. W. 

" WM Moore Smith 

" AlexK Patterson 

"Phil. Shrawdeb, Cap*- of the Bifle Corps. 

" Theophilus Shannon 

" John Dick 

" Jac^- Humphrey 

" JnO- Bush 

" Easton August T'"- 1782 

" Granted Unanimously Sep'- 2, 1782 in Grand Lodge." 

The following note, partially erased, was written at the 
bottom of the petition : 

" The Grand Lodge will excuse the Liberty I take in recommend- 
ing the Subscribers to the withm Petition in the wannest manner 
both as men & Masons 

" W" Smith." 

The petition was addressed : 

"William Ball, Esquire 
" Philadelphia." 

It is endorsed on the back: 

"Aug'- 7, 1782, Petition for a Warrant for holding a Lodge at 
Easton No. 38. Warrant vacated." 


The Brethren signing this petition were all prominent men, 
the Brother named for Master in the petition was the son of the 
Rev. William Smith the Grand Secretary, and later became the 
Grand Master, serving during the years 1796-1797. Another 
curious feature of this petition was the recommendation of the 
Rev. Grand Secretary. In the original, however, a pen was 
drawn through these lines. 

Upon the reading of the petition it was unanimously 
granted, to be numbered No. 38. The proposed ofScers to be 
named in the Warrant were: 

Beo. William Moobe Smith, Esq. Master; 
" Alexander Patterson Esq. Senior Warden 
" Theophilus Shannon, Junior Warden. 

Easton, the seat of justice of Northampton County, is situ- 
ated at the confluence of the Delaware and Lehigh rivers. In 
the advantages of its position and the beauty of its surround- 
ing scenery, it could vie with any town in the State. Easton, 
during the Revolution, was also a strategic point, and the 
starting place of the Sullivan Expedition against the Indians 
in 1779, on which occasion, Masonic meetings were held, under 
Bro. Procter's Warrant No. 19, the Lodge in the Pennsylva- 
nia Artillery Regiments, as mentioned in Chapter XXVI of 
this work.^ 

Of the history of this Warrant so auspiciously granted, we 
have absolutely no account. Whether a Lodge was ever 
opened at Easton, under the authority of this Warrant, and 
meetings held, has thus far remained an impenetrable mystery, 
so far as documentary evidence is concerned. Not a scrap or 
record has been found to throw any light upon the subject. 

' Vide page 14, supra. 


%otiSt J12D. 38, SL, g. 9?.» at (ta^ton 

In a report to the Grand Lodge by a Committee on the State 
of Country Lodges, made October 16, 1809, it is stated : 

"No ( ) On the 2°4 September, 1782, the Grand Lodge Ee- 
solved, that the prayer of a Petition for a "Warrant for holding a 
Lodge at Easton. Northampton County, be granted. But it does not 
appear that anything further was done in the business"* 

■ Beprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 407. 






the colonial period, and 
after the close of the Revo- 
lution, proved a fertile field for 
the various Masonic Bodies ; thus, in 
the early days, we find a Grand 
Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons, 
"Moderns," with a number of Sub- 
ordinate Lodges — the Grand Lodge 
of South Carolina Ancient York 
Masons, Lodges working under the 
Grand Lodge of Scotland, and 
another St. Andrew's, under a War- 
rant from the Grand Lodge at St. 
Augustine "The Grand Lodge and Sovereign Grand Council 
of the Sublime Princes of Masonry," "Sublime Grand Lodge 
of Perfection," and later the Cerneau Rite of Perfection, and 
others of lesser importance. 

Freemasonry was originally introduced into South Carolina 
by Bro. Thomas Whitemarsh,^ a member of St. John's Lodge, 


aparfitf %otifse, il2o. 236, " a^obetnief ♦• 

No. 1, of Philadelphia, whom Benjamin Franklin sent to 
South Carolina in 1731, to establish a branch printing office in 
Charleston. Little is known of the Lodge erected in 1731 
or 1732, except the memorandum in Franklin's Journal, dated 
September, 1734, that he had sent twenty-five "Constitutions" 
to South Carolina^ and the notice in the Pennsylvania Gazette, 
No. 480, February 15 to 21, 1737-8, of a Masonic Celebra- 
tion in Charleston, South Carolina. 

Marine Lodge, No. 236, at Charleston, working under the 
Grand Lodge of England, "Moderns," in the year 1782 had 

Fac-Simhe of Seal potjnd among the Peankun Papers at the 
Amebican Philosophical Societt. 

upon its roster Bro. Edward Weyman, a gentleman of "high 
standing and much respectability, both as a Man and Mason." 
Toward the close of the Eevolutionary War — ^it was in the sum- 
mer of 1782 — Bro. Weyman had occasion to come to Phila- 

' Memorial Volume, Franklin Bi-Centenary Celebration, Grand Lodge 
of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1906, p. 125. 
'Ibid., page 94. 

11 145 

delphia; when there he attempted to visit one of the Ancient 
York Lodges, supposing them to be of the same Fraternity as 
himself. But, on trial, he found his mistake, and resolved to 
become an Ancient York Mason. 

Bro. Weyman, thereupon, obtained a Dispensation from 
Deputy Grand Master Alexander Eutherford, which he pre- 
sented to Lodge No. 2, A. Y. M., in Philadelphia, and asked 
to be entered, passed, and raised in the "Ancient" way. 
Shortly afterwards, in July, 1782 (the exact date is not re- 
corded), an Extra Lodge of No. 2 was opened in due form by 
the Master Bro. Charles Young. Seven members and five 
visitors were present. An Entered Apprentis Lodge was 
opened and Mr. Edward Weyman was balloted for and ap- 
proved. The Extra Lodge then adjourned to the following 
Thursday evening, July 25, 1782, at five o'clock, to comply 
with said dispensations, when an Entered Apprentis Lodge 
was opened, and Edward Wayman was entered; Entered Ap- 
prentis Lodge closed, and Fellow Craft Lodge opened, when 
Bro. Weyman was passed, after which a Master's Lodge was 
opened and Bro. Weyman was raised to the sublime degree of 
a Master Mason. 

Bro. Edward Weyman at once took an active interest in 
his Lodge, and perfected himself in the Ancient work. 

At the Grand Communication, held at Philadelphia, De- 
cember 23, 1782, the following petition was read: 

"To THE Right WoRSHiPFCJiiL Grand Master and Wardens 
Antient York Masons of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania' 

" The Petition of the Subscribers most 
"Respectfully Sheweth 

" That having the highest veneration for the welfare of the Craft 
from its excellencies and Virtue, impressed over the minds of Man- 

" HSS., Volume P, paquet 96, folio 31. 


petition tot WLatvant 

kind, have the most desirable effect, that when by its influence the 
most different Sects and Sentiments have been brought together, in 
the Bonds of Unity and Brotherly Love. 

" The further to promote this desirable end by us, we your Peti- 
tioners most humbly beseech the Right Worshipfull the Grand Lodge 
to grant their warrant & Authorities to hold and convene the Craft 
and make Masons after the form of the most Antient Usages, in or 
near Charles Town in the state of South Carolina where we shall at 
all Times acknowledge a due Submission and Obedience to all the 
Edicts of your worshipfull Body when honor'd with them 

" Prompted by Zeal of being serviceable to our fellow Creatures 
and having the prosperity of the Society at heart, are willing to 
exert their Best endeavors to promote the principles of Masonry, 
and have agreed to form themselves into a New Lodge to be named 
the Marine Lodge No. at Charles Town in the State of South 
Carolina, and have nominated Brother Edward Weyman to be the 
Master, Myer Moses to be Senior Warden & David Hamilton, to be 
Jun'' Warden, then and there to make, pass & Raise Masons accord- 
ing to the Regular forms of the Society and to execute all the other 
duties of a regular constituted Lodge. 

"May Virtue, Wisdom & Beauty ever adorn the Craft is the 
sincere wish of your affectionate Brethem 

" Edward Wetmait 
"Meter Moses 
" David Hamilton 
" Peter Bounethbau 
"Alexander Amsandeb 
"RobT Howard 
"Paul Priohard 
" Andrew Stewart 
" George Williams " 

After the reading of above petition, it was ordered that the 
prayer of their petition be granted and the "Warrant be 
Number 38. 

Thereupon Bro. Weyman resigned from Lodge No. 2, and 
asked for a certificate. This application, with its endorse- 
ment of the Master, Bro. Eichard Wistar, is now in the 
Archives of the Grand Lodge. 


SDlh 9^!i&onic JLottst^ of pennsi^Ibania 

" These abb to Ceetipt that Brothers Edward Weyman and David 
Hamilton have discharged their Initiation Fees & Lodge Dues to 
this Day, Decern' 26, 1782 — "Will Fisher Jurf late Treas'' 

Lodge No. 2.* 
" Bro. Joseph HoweU D. G. Sec^- " 

The certificate is endorsed : 

" I with pleasure remit you the within testimony from B"" Fisher 
& can only add that as Master of No. 2 I am very sorry that the 
Lodge is likely to become a sufferer by Brother Weymans quiting us 

Richard Wistae M^ No 2 
" To Jos. HoweU " G. L. Certificate given 25 Jan^- 1783 

" D. G. Secretary « J. Howell, D. G. S." 

Decemler 27, 1782. St. John's Day, Grand Lodge — 
"Brother Edward "Weyman was duly recommended in form to 
the R. "W. Grand Master, William Adcoek, in the Chair, for 
Installation, as Master of Lodge No. 38, to be held in Charles 
Town, South Carolina, and was accordingly Installed." 

March 31, 1783. At the Quarterly Communication, it was 
unanimously agreed, "That from the peculiar situation of 
Bro. Weyman, Master (of a New Lodge to be held in Charles 
Town So. Carolina) of No. 38, this Grand Lodge do admit 
Brother Weyman to receive the Warrant, drawn for the said 
Lodge from the Grand Treasurer; Brother Weyman giving 
his obligation to the G*. Treas'. for the payment of the same 
as soon as may be." 

June 24, 1783. St. John's Day. The following letter ad- 
dressed to the E. W. Grand Master, from Brother Weyman, 
Master of Lodge No. 38, held at Charles Town, South Carolina, 
was read, informing of the undue influence of certain persons 
who make profession of Masonry there, and requesting advice 
in the same, when Brothers Rutherford, Procter and Jennings 
were appointed a Committee for that purpose. 

* MSS., "Volume J, paquet 54, folio 5. 


^tetma^ontg in &ontg CatoUna 

" Charles Towk, 31=' May 1783. 
" Bight worshipful Grand Master.' 

" I have the pleasure to inform you, that upon my arival at Charles 
Town, the wardens and myself of the Marine Lodge No. 38 have 
proceded according to powers given us in and by a warrant granted 
by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, with the assistance of the 
Master and Wardens of Lodge No. 190 ancient York Masons, who 
have with due regard acknowledged the Jurisdiction by which we 
work, and received us in the politest manner, becoming good and 
faithful Masons. 

" We have entered, passed and raised five and twenty of the former 
members that chearfuUy received the true light, and purpose in 
masonic order to begin our first stated meeting, on Monday the 2* of 
June on the most enlarged, and universal principles, by cultivating 
the social virtues and improve in all that is good, and amiable; that 
the genious of Masonry may preside and under her sovereign sway, 
endeavour to act with becoming dignity. 

" Masonry is so good so valuable a science that it tends to instruct 
the mind, tame each unruly passion, expels rancor, hatred and envy, 
reconciles men of all religions and of all nations; it is an universal 
cement, binding its followers to charity, good will and secret friend- 
ship, calculated to promote the truest freedom, and teaches men to 
lead quiet lives ; in short, its precepts are a complete system of moral 
virtue, upon these principles we shall ever be happy to see any of our 
brethren that may honor us with their company. 

" Our stated meetings are the first and third Mondays in every 
month, and I could wish to have a list of the warranted Lodges and 
places of meeting, the proceedings of the Grand Lodge, and any new 
regulations or books published for the good governing of the craft: 
I perceive great inconvenience in being so great a distance from the 
grand Lodge, the want of a proper Jurisdiction to settle occurrences 
that happen, and that require immediate interposishon. 

" There are of modem Lodges in Charles Town (viz) Sollomons 
No. 1, Union Lodge No. 2, a Masters Lodge No. 5. There is also a 
certain Doct'' George Carter, formerly a member of and Master of 
Lodge No. 190, but on having some difference of a private nature 
with the present Master Brother Robert Knox, he thought proper 
to separate from the Lodge and by some undue influence is possesed 
of a warrant granted by the Grand Lodge at St. Augustine, for 

' MSS., Volume P, paquet 96, folio 33. 


pensicola, in West Florida, by the name of St. Andrews Lodge No. 1, 
said Carter has formed a Lodge of the same name and number in 
Charles Town, and make Masons, he has also diseover'd the secret 
of the chair, and given other instructions to John Troup master of 
the above Union Lodge No. 2, by which means he imposed on the 
Master of No. 190, by telling him he was made an ancient mason in 
Scotland, and visited that Lodge once before I came in, upon my 
acquainting Brother Knox that said Troup was made in Charles 
Town, 1756 and never was out of it since; he has refused to see 
Carter or any of the members admitted in that unwarranted manner, 
and upon my receiving this information I thought it my duty to dis- 
corage all such unconstitutional procedings therefore have refused 
said Carter and his members admitance in the Marine Lodge No. 38, 
untill I receive your advice on that head. 

" The modem masons are very numerous and respectable, and seem 
inclinable to turn to the Right, having several applications to that 
purpose, I also find a disposistion in many of the ancient masons 
to have a Grand Lodge form'd here, how far that may be practicable 
or right, cannot take upon me to Judge of, but apprehend it is my 
duty to inform the Grand Lodge under whose Jurisdiction I am, of all 
matters and things that may be done contrary to ancient usage, or 
that have the least tendency to subvert good order or hurt the repu- 
tation of the Craft. 

" A proper Jurisdiction at hand, and a uniformity of proceeding 
is not only necessary but useful and pleasing, it ought always to 
prevail among masons, as it strengthens all the ties of friendship 
and equally promotes love and esteem. 

" I hope. Sir, your candour will readUy overlook any inaccuracies 
in this Letter, that you may discover, as my earnest desire is to have 
open and free communications with you on every occasion touching 
the Craft. 

"Please to make my compliments to Brothers Procter, Young, 
Ord, Howel and all worthy brethren of our Venerable Order. 
" I am, Right Worshipful, 

" with the greatest respect 
" your most 
" Obed' Servent 
"and Brother 
" Edwabd Weyman Master of 
" William Addcoek Esquire. " the Marine Lodge No. 38." 


9^avint ILotst* Bo. 38, SL, p. 9t^. 

" Brethren,' 

"I have the honour to acquaint you that at a meeting of Lodge 
No. 38, held at Charleston the 24"^ day of August 1783 acting under 
the Jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, you were 
regularly and unanimously elected as proxies to represent them in the 
said Grand Lodge. Powers properly authenticated agreeable to the 
2* Kule of the lO"" Section in the book of constitutions, commission- 
ing you for that purpose will accompany this — I trust it will be un- 
necessary to use many arguments to induce you to accept of the 
appointment: your character for universal philanthropy, and your 
well known zeal for the the Ancient fraternity, wiU, I am confident be 
sufficient to stimulate you to manifest your affection and exert your 
abilities for a lodge whose local situation prevents them from having 
a voice in the Grand Lodge by any other mode. 

"I am 
" Brethren, 

" Your Affectionate Brother &| 
Obed'- Humble Serv' 
" South Carolina \ " Edwabd Weyman 

« Char^.ton 17 October 1783 j " Masf Lodge No. 38 

" Colonel Thomas Procter — Major Charles Young & Richard 
Wistar, Esquire." 

"SotJTH Caeoliita, Chableston' 

" Marine Lodge, No. 38, Ancient York Masons, held at the Lodge 

" Room, Lodge Alley, August 24t^ 5783. 
" The Lodge proceeded to balot for brethren to represent them 
in the Grand Lodge in Philadelphia; on casting up the votes it 
appeared that Colonel Thomas Procter was regularly and unani- 
mously Elected Master — ^Major Charles Young, Senior Warden and 
Richard Wistar Esquire Junior Warden. 
Edward Weyman M: 

"Resolved, That Brother Colonel Thomas Procter (as proxie) do 
report Lodge No. 38 in the Grand Lodge in Philadelphia, as Master — 
Major Charles Young Senior Warden and Richard Wistar Esquire as 
Junior Warden — and that the Worshipful do inform them thereof 
" Extract from the Journal this 18"" day of 
" October 1783, -and in Masonry 5783 

"Tho Gordon, Secretary." 

'Ihid., folio 36. 
nUd., folio 35. 


The above letters appear to have been the last communica- 
tions received by the Grand Lodge from Marine Lodge, No. 
38, although the Lodge was regularly represented by the ap- 
pointed proxies. 

When the "Grand Lodge of South Carolina, Ancient York 
Masons," was formed by the five "Ancient" Lodges in 
Charleston, January 1, 1787, in which movement Marine 
Lodge, No, 38, was a prominent factor, it is a noteworthy 
fact, that a,t least three of the principal officers were Penn- 
sylvania Masons, viz. : Hon. William Drayton, Grand Master ; 
Hon. Mordecai Gist, Deupty Grand Master; Edward Wey- 
man, Esq., Senior Grand Warden. 

Lodge No. 38 appears to have been represented by proxy 
upon the September 25, 1786, when the Grand Lodge asserted 
its Independence. No returns or further reports from this 
Lodge have been found in the Archives of the Grand Lodge of 
Pennsylvania. It is known, however, that Marine Lodge, No. 
38, became an active body, spreading Masonic light and 
charity in the town wherein it was located, and, in 1787, be- 
came one of the five "Ancient" Lodges that formed the Grand 
Lodge of South Carolina Ancient York Masons. 







OME months after the surren- 
der of Cornwallis at York- 
town, a number of Brethren 
living in Alexandria, Virginia, held 
[ a meeting to organize a local Lodge 
in that town on the Potomac. Rob- 
ert Adam, one of the most promi- 
nent citizens, was proposed as Master 
for the new Lodge, when formed, and it was resolved to peti- 
tion the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania for a Warrant. 

The Alexandria Brethren, as Bro. Lamberton, in his "Wash- 
ington as a Freemason,"^ states, "were doubtless in ignorance 
of the formation of the Grand Lodge of Virginia" (which, as 
a matter of fact, at that time seems to have suspended opera- 
tions), "and under date of April 6, 1782, sent an application 
for a Warrant, naming Robert Adam, a warm personal friend 
of Washington, as the proposed Master," viz: 

^ ' ' Washington as a Freemason, ' ' by Bro. James M. Lamberton, P. M., 
Lodge No. 21, in "Memorial Volume, Washington Sesqui-Centennial 
Celebration, Nov. 5, 1902, Grand Lodge, F. & A. M., Pennsylvania," 
Philadelphia, 1902, p. 140. 


SDlt S^a^onit EoHBtjS of p^nniSglbanfa 

" To THE Eight Wobshippull the Grand Lodge op the State or 

" The Pett" of the Brethren of Alexandria^ 
" Sheweth 

"That, veneration for the noble institution of Masonry, and a 
remembrance of the many happy hours spent in Company -with our 
Worthy Brethren, joined to the deep sorrow we feel for the neglect 
and alarming decay of this Useful and important Science in this 
place, induced us first to conceive the Scheme of erecting a Lodge 
in this Town. As we hope, you will not only Judge our motives in 
thus associating, laudable, but eminently Characteristick of that 
peculiar spirit, which has ever distinguished the Sons of Masonry, 
we beg that in the fullness of your Authority you will grant us a 
"Warrant for the holding a Lodge to be named the Alexandria Lodge 
and we flatter ourselves that our Work will give General Satisfaxj- 
tion to the Brethren. 

" John Aluson, Sen'' Beacon " Robert Adam, Master 

" David Stuart, Jun'^ Deacon " M. Ryan, Sen'' Warden 
" April 6, 1782. " Will Hunter, Jr., J. W. 

"Robert MCCbea, Secfv- 

This petition was presented at the Quarterly Communica- 
tion on September 2, 1782. The Warrant, however, was not 
granted, as it appeared that Mr. Robert Adam, named for 
Master, was a clandestine or irregular Mason. To overcome 
this difficulty Mr. Adam, at the suggestion of Bro. Elisha 
CuUen Dick, a member of Lodge No. 2, came to Philadelphia, 
early in the year 1783, and applied for a dispensation from 
the Grand Master, to apply to Bro. Dick's Lodge for initiation 
and membership. The following is the record as it appears 
upon the Minutes of that Lodge : 

January 29, 1783. ' ' An Extra Lodge was opened in due 
form by Bro. Richard Wistar, the Master of Lodge No. 2, in 
the City of Philadelphia, there were present, thirteen Members 
and seven Visitors, An Entered Apprentice Lodge opened, 
when a despensation was read from William Adcoek Esq. the 

'Original petition in Archives of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. 


%OhSt Mo, 39, SL, 9. 9?. 

R. W, Grand Master, in favor of Robert Adams, a Virginian 
and a Clandestine Mason. His business not permitting him to 
remain the usual time for initiation. He was balloted for, 
approved and entered. After which a F. C. Lodge was opened 
and Bro. Adams was passed a Fellow Craft." 

January 31, 1783. "An Extra Lodge was again opened 
by Bro Richard Wistar, Present seventeen Members and, 
eight Visitors. A Master's Lodge was opened and Bro. Robert 
Adams was raised to the sublime degree." 

Bro. Robert Adam, a son of the Rev. John Adam, D.D., and 
Janet Campbell, of Kelbride, Scotland, was bom May 4, 
1731 ; he emigrated to America in 1753, and, after a short resi- 
dence at Annapolis, Md., established himself at a pleasant 
country residence in Fairfax County, Virginia, about four 
miles from Alexandria. He was a gentleman of refined taste, 
cultivation and wealth, and interested himself in everything 
that could promote the prosperity of his adopted home. 

The inference that Bro. Adam was made a Mason, during 
his residence at Annapolis,^ in a "Modem" Lodge, working 
under a Massachusetts Warrant, is without foundation, as the 
Minutes of Lodge No. 2, A. Y. M., of Philadelphia, show that 
he was a clandestine, and not a "Modern," Mason, when he 
applied for the Warrant at Philadelphia. 

Upon Bro. Robert Adam's return to Virginia, the plans to 
organize the Lodge at Alexandria were perfected. 

The petition from Alexandria, however, was not acted upon 
by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, until an Extra Grand 
Lodge, held February 3, 1783, when the Minutes show:* 

"A Petition being preferred to this Grand Lodge on the 2*- 
Septem. last, from several Brethren of Alexandria, in Virginia, for 

"Cf. "The Lodge of Washington," Alexandria, Va., G. H. Eamey & 
Son, 1899, p. 17, note 1. 
* Keprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 59. 


SDltx 99a&onit %otst& ot ^tnn&Tglbanta 

a Warrant to hold a Lodge there, which was ordered to lie over to 
the next Communication, in consequence of Bro. Adam, the proposed 
Master thereof, being found to possess his knowledge of Masonry 
in a Clandestine Manner, since which the s*- Bro. Adam, having gone 
thro' the several Steps of Ancient Masonry in Lodge N"' 2, under 
the Jurisdiction of this E. W. G. Lodge, further prays that a War- 
rant may now be granted for the purposes mentioned in said 

" Ordered, That the Prayer of said Petition be complied with, and 
that the Sec^- present Bro. Adam with a Warrant to hold a Lodge of 
Ancient Masons in Alexandria, in Virginia, to be numbered 39. 

"Bro Robert Adam was then duly recommended, and presented 
in form to the E. W. Grand Master in the Chair, for Installation as 
Master of Lodge N"- 39, to be held in the Borough of Alexandria, 
in Fairfax County, Virginia, and was accordingly Installed as such." 

The first meeting of the new Lodge, for organization, was 
held at Alexandria, on February 25, 1783, Bro. Col. Thomas 
Procter and Bro. Charles Young having come from Philadel- 
phia to organize the Lodge and install the officers. 

Upon this occasion, the Minutes show, "the following per- 
sons convened and opened 'an Entered Apprentices' Lodge, in 
due form, with a prayer particularly applicable to the occa- 
sion, " viz : 

Bro. Charles Young, in the chair, 
" Thomas Procter, Senior Warden, 
" Eobert Adam, Junior Warden, 
" John Allison, Senior Deacon, 
" Peter Dow, Junior Deacon, 
" Elisha Cullen Dick, Secretary. 

The Acting Secretary, Bro. Dr. Dick, then read the War- 
rant, the pertinent part of which is as follows : 

" Now Know Ye, That we, William Adcoek, Esq., Grand Master, 
Alexander Eutherford, Deputy Grand Master, Thomas Procter, 
Senior Grand Warden, and Geoi^e Ord, Junior Grand Warden, 
present, and legal successors to the above-named Provincial Grand 



3t06Bt B9, 39, Si, H. 9?, 

Officers, as the Grand Lodge books may appear, by virtue of the 
power to us granted by the above in part recited warrant, DO hereby 
authorize and empower our trusty and well-beloved brethren, Robert 
Adam, Master, Michael Ryan, Senior Warden, and William Hunter, 
Junior Warden, of a New Lodge, No. 39, to be held in the Borough 
of Alexandria, in Fairfax County, Virginia, or within five miles of 
the same." 

The first election of officers under the Pennsylvania Warrant 
was held on the 21st of December, 1783, when the following 
persons were duly elected : Robert Adam, Worshipful Master ; 
Robert M"=Crea, Senior Warden; Elisha C. Dick, Junior 
Warden; William Herbert, Secretary; William Ramsay, 

On Christmas Eve of that year (December 24, 1783), Wash- 
ington returned to Mount Vernon, having on the previous day, 
at Annapolis, resigned publicly his commission to Congress, 
after having previously ascertained that Congress preferred 
that method of a personal audience to his merely sending in 
his resignation in writing." 

The Brethren of Alexandria at once (December 26, 1783) 
sent Washington the following letter, signed by the officers of 
the Lodge : 

" Sir : Whilst all denominations of people bless the happy occa^ 
sion of your excellency's return to enjoy private and domestic 
felicity, permit us, sir, the members of Lodge No. 39, lately estab- 
lished in Alexandria, to assure your excellency, that we, as a mystical 
body, rejoice in having a brother so near us, whose preeminent 
benevolence has secured the happiness of millions; and that we shall 
esteem ourselves highly honored at all times your excellency shall be 
pleased to join us in the needful business. 

""The Lodge of Washington," p. 19. 

•"Memorial Volume, Washington Sesqui-Centennial Celebration, Nov. 
5, 1902," p. 141. 


iDIti 99&0onit HotigeiEi ot ^mn^^Vaania 





3ribitaUon to (Btmtal WXa^Unston 

"We have the honor to be, in the name and behalf of No. 39, 
your excellency's 
" Devoted friends and brothers 

Robert Adam, M. 
E. C. Dick, S. W. 
3. Allison, J. W. 
Wm. Ramsay, Treaa. 
" TTis Excellency General "Washington " 

To this note of greeting, Washington sent the following 
reply (see fac-simile opposite) 

" Mount Vernon 28"'- Deo'- 1783 
" Gentlemen' 

"With a pleasing sensibility I received your favor of the 26"'-, 
and beg leave to offer you my sincere thanks for the favorable senti- 
ments with which it abounds 

"I shall always feel pleasure when it may be in my power to 
render service to Lodge No. 39, and in every act of brotherly kind- 
ness to the Members of it; being with great truth 

"Your affect* Brother 
" and obed*- Servant 
«Qo "Washington 
" Rob*- Adam Esq.'- Master 
" & the Wardens & Treas'- 
« of Lodge No. 39." 

The officers of Lodge No. 39 invited "Washington to join the 
Lodge at the banquet to be given at "Wise's Tavern, in Alex- 
andria, on St. John the Baptist's Day, June 24th, 1784. The 
invitation was accepted, and is so noted in his diary.* 

The Minutes of the Lodge, on June 24, 1784, show "His 
Excellency, G. "Washington," first among the ""Visiting Mem- 
bers;" and also, 

'Original in the collection of Alexandria-Washington Lodge, No. 22, 
'Alexandria, Virginia. 

'""Washington after the Revolution, 1784-1799," by "William Spohn 
Baker, Philadelphia, 1898, p. 9. 


" The Worshipful Master read a most instructive lecture on the 
rise, progress and advantages of Masonry, and concluded with a 
prayer suitable to the occasion."* 

After dinner, the Brethren returned to the Lodge room, 
when the record says : — 

" The "Worshipful Master, with the unanimous consent of the 
Brethren was pleased to admit his excellency General Washington 
as an honorary member of Lodge No. 39. Lodge closed in perfect 
harmony at six o'clock."* 

The Pennsylvania Packet or the General Advertiser, pub- 
lished in Philadelphia, on Tuesday, July 13, 1784, contains the 
following, under the heading "Alexandria, July 1:" 

" On Thursday, the 24th ult. the brethren of Lodge No 39 met at 
their lodge-room to celebrate the Festival of St. John the Baptist, 
where a discourse adapted to the occasion was delivered by the 
worshipful master — After which they walked in procession accom- 
panied by their illustrious brother his exceUeny general Washington, 
to Mr. Wise's tavern, where they dined and spent the remainder 
of the day in enjoyments becoming their benevolent and respectable 

Another item of Masonic interest, during the same year, 
was the visit of Bro. Lafayette to Mount Vernon, in the 
month of August, when he brought for Washington a Masonic 
apron of white satin, beautifully embroidered, with colored 
silks, showing a number of Masonic emblems. It is this apron 
that Washington wore, September 18, 1793, when he laid the 
Corner-stone of the Capitol at the Federal City (Washing- 
ton, D. C). 

After Washington's death, it was presented by his legatees, 
in 1816, to the Washington Benevolent Society of Philadel- 

' ' ' Memorial Volume, Washington Sesqui-Centennial Celebration, Nov. 
5, 1902," p. 141. 


Wla&Unston'fi ^a^onic Sifton 

phia, and when that society dissolved, in 1829, it was pre- 
sented to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. It is carefully 
preserved and protected in the Museum of the Grand Lodge. 

This priceless relic, for a long period, had suffered from the 
exposure to the light and inroads of time, the brilliant color 
having faded and the satin becoming discolored, A painting 
has lately been made under the direction of the writer, show- 
ing, as near as possible, the apron in its original colors, a 
reproduction of which is shown upon the opposite page. 

The beautiful box which contained the apron, and also a 
sash, was presented to Alexandria-Washington Lodge, No. 22 ; 
and, having been kept with the Watson-Cossoul apron, which 
that Lodge so justly treasures, some have been led into think- 
ing that that apron was the one worn by "Washington when 
he laid the Corner-stone of the National Capitol in 1793, but 
such is not the f act.^° 

The next public Masonic function after the celebration of 
St. John's Day, June 24, 1784, in which Washington is known 
to have taken part with a Lodge under the jurisdiction of 
Pennsylvania, was at the funeral of his friend, Bro. Wil- 
liam Eamsay, of Alexandria, who was the first elected treas- 
urer of Lodge No. 39, serving one year in that office. Bro. 
Eamsay died in February, 1785, and was buried with Masonic 
honors. Washington notes the occasion in his diary as 
follows :^^ 

" Saturday, February '12. 

" Received an Invitation to the Funeral of WU" Ramsay Esq' of 
Alexandria — the oldest Inhabit' of the Town ; & went up — ^walked in 
procession as a free mason — M"" Ramsay in his Ufe time being one & 
now buried with the ceremony & honors due to one." 

" ' ' Memorial Volume, Washington Sesqui-Centennial Celebration, Nov. 
5, 1902," p. 143. 
" Ibid., p. 144. 

12 161 

Brother Lamberton, in his address on ""Washington as a 
Freemason," gives the following additional items about Bro. 
Kamsay's funeral :^^ 

"That you may see that Washington was no fair-weather 
Brother, I read what he writes further in his diary that day 
as to the weather: 

"'Mercury at 44 this morning — 44 at noon — and 44»at night. 

The Sun rose clear this morning, but it soon over cast began to 
snow & then to rain w* continued until 10 o'clock — about noon the 
wind sprang up pretty fresh from the n° west & grew colder.' 

"In the Pennsylvania Packet or the Daily Advertiser, pub- 
ished in this city on Tuesday, March 1, 1785, under the head- 
ing of 'Alexandria, February 17,' is an account of the death 
of "William Ramsay, who was the first inhabitant, and died on 
the 10th inst., aged sixty-nine. This account, which I found 
was copied from the Virginia Journal and Alexandria Adver- 
tiser of February 17, concludes as follows : 

" ' His remains were interred on the 12th, in the Episcopal Church- 
yard, and attended by a very numerous and respectable Company, 
preceded by the Brotherhood of Free Masons in Procession, with the 
solemnities usual on such occasions.' "^' 

There is no documentary evidence to show that "Washington 
took part in any other public Masonic function while the 
Alexandria Lodge was under the jurisdiction of Pennsylvania 
than the two occasions above enumerated.^* 

^ lUd., p. 145. 
^Ibid., p. 145. 

" Washington, so far as known, attended the following public Masonic 

1. Procession in Philadelphia, Festival of St. John the Evangelist, 
December 28, 1778. 

2. Festival of St. John the Baptist, June 24, 1779, with the American 
Union Lodge, at the Eobinson House on the Hudson, New Tork. 


flDur jQDIlitjait %oHt Motitt 

Among the many treasures in the Archives of the Grand 
Lodge of Pennsylvania, there is an original Lodge notice of 
Lodge No. 39, dated August 25, 1786." It is a family tra- 
dition that this identical notice was sent to Washington, and 



OU are defired to meet the Master and Bre-v 
?THREN ol^LeDCE No. 39, Aiicient York Ma-| 

«t / ©'Clock this Evcnmg/1 
By Order of the Mafter, 


■■£9^>^^'^ji/- j;<.c*-ctaty. 

Alexandria, ^^LA^i/tw^Xf , 178 

as such was treasured by the wife of President Madison 
("Dolly Madison"), and was kept in her jewel case, whence it 
came into the possession of the writer, who presented the 
Masonic relic to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. 

In the month of August, 1786, a circular letter^' was ad- 
dressed to the Lodge, by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, 
with the information that at the Quarterly Communication of 

3. Festival of St. John the Evangelist, December 27, 1779, with 
American Union Lodge, at the Morris Hotel, Morristown, New Jersey. 

4. Festival of St. John the Evangelist, December 27,, 1782, with King 
Solomon's Lodge, at Poughteepsie, New York. 

5. Festival of St. John the Baptist, June 24, 1784, with Lodge No. 39, 
at Alexandria, Virginia, 

6. The Masonic funeral of Bro. "WiUiam Eamsay, February 12, 1785, 
at Alexandria. 

7. Laying of the Corner-stone of the Capitol at the Federal City 
(Washington, D. C), September 18, 1793, upon which occasion Washing- 
ton walked in the procession. 

»MSS., Vol. A, foUo 81. 

" Cf. Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 90. 


SDltt a^aiSonfc EolifftiS of |&«nnfl(?Ibanfa 

that Grand Lodge, to be held on the 4th Monday in September 
of that year, it was intended to consider, and determine the 
question of establishing the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, 
independently of Great Britain, or of any other authority, 
and requesting the presence of the Lodge, either by its proper 
officers, or by a deputation, in writing, authorizing some 
Master Mason, or Masons, to represent the Lodge upon the 
determination of the question. 

The following letter was sent to the Grand Lodge, in reply 
to the above circular, which unfortunately arrived too late to 
be of service ; consequently Lodge No. 39 was not officially rep- 
resented upon that memorable September 25, 1786, when the 
Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania declared itself "Independent of 
Great Britain or any other authority : ' ' 

"Alexandria September IS"" 1786 
" Brother" 

"Tour circular Letter of the S"" of August We have had the 
Honor of receiving, and the same was laid before the Brethren of 
Lodge No. 39, and duly considered, by whom I am instructed to 
express their Regard and Esteem for the Fraternity round the Globe 
wherever dispersed, particularly the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, 
the Promotion of whose Honor and Interest they have much at 
Heart, and fervently wish to advance. The Subject proposed being 
of the greatest Importance and Magnitude, the collected Wisdom of 
the whole, under your Jurisdiction, becomes necessary to decide 
thereupon, and from our youth and inexperience in Masonic Matters, 
We may be inadequate to determine on the Propriety of the Measure, 
We shall however, endeavour to prevail on some of our Officers to 
appear for us at the proposed Meeting; If in case we shou'd not 
succeed We flatter ourselves of being excused on account of our 
Locality, and the little Intercourse our Members have at present 
with Philadelphia. It might be alledged. We cou'd provide against 
this by appointing some of the Brethren there to represent us; and 
which plan we wou'd most cheerfully adopt but have not the neces- 
sary Acquaintance with any Brethren (Brothers Procter and Young 

"MSS., Vol. A, folio 79. 


petition to CStanti %ottst of mtsinia 

excepted) and they ■we are Well informed, represent other Lodges 
under your Care. That we are as separate and Independant of 
Great Britain as of Denmark is politically true; and as we owe 
them no Subjection as a State or Nation, how can the Subjects of 
the One owe any to the Subjects of the other? If it is answered 
none, then query, how this political Truth may with propriety be 
applied to the Masonic Order, Who, as they do not intermeddle with 
State Matters, ought not to draw arguments from thence to dis- 
member themselves from the Jurisdiction of those they hold under, 
except from similar Burthens or Impositions, exacted inconsistant 
with Masonry: But those, no doubt, are the Matters to be discussed. 
We have only to request (in case We shou'd stand unrepresented) 
that you will inform us of the Result of your Deliberations. 

"I am, with due respect 

"Your Brother and Servant 
"Dennis Ramsay, See'-" 

A circular letter from the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania 
was received on the tvrenty-third of February, 1787, inform- 
ing Lodge No. 39, that that Grand Lodge had been established 
independently of Great Britain, and that it desired the return 
of the Warrant issued to this Lodge on February 3, 1783, in 
order to its renewal under the new organization. Desiring to 
be governed in accordance with the usages of Masonry, in 
determining the course to be pursued, it was ordered, at this 
meeting, "That Col. Michael Eyan a member of the Lodge, be 
requested to inquire of James Mercer, Esq., upon what prin- 
ciple he was appointed Grand Master of the different Lodges 
held in Virginia." On the third of March, 1787, Col. Ryan 
reported that he had made the necessary inquiry of the Hon. 
James Mercer, late Grand Master, and was "happy to say, that 
the Grand Lodge of Virginia is constitutionally appointed 
consistent with the strictest rules of Masonry, and independ- 
ently of all foreign jurisdiction." The Lodge then decided 
that it would be more convenient for it to work under the 


mn ^a&onit fLoHt^ ft ^mnm^ania 

authority of the Grand Lodge of Virginia, than under that 
of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. 

Nothing seems to have been done as to securing a Virginia 
Charter for over a year, when, on April 28, 1788, Bro. "William 
Hunter, Jun., a member of the Lodge, being in Richmond, 
attended the "grand half yearly stated Communication" of 
the Grand Lodge of Virginia, and on his own responsibility 
applied for a Charter, which was grahted, as the Grand Lodge 
Minutes of that date show.^^ 

At the next meeting of the Lodge, May 29, Bro. Hunter 
reported his action, whereupon the Lodge did four things: 
first, it voted unanimously to apply for a Charter to the Grand 
Lodge of Virginia; secondly, it thanked Bro. Hunter for his 
action in applying for a Charter; thirdly, it "proceeded to 
the appointment of Master and Deputy Master to be recom- 
mended to the Grand Lodge of Virginia, when George Wash- 
ington, Esq., was unanimously chosen Master ; Robert McCrea, 
Deputy Master, W°- Hunter, Jun., Senior Warden and Jno. 
Allison Junior Warden ; ' '" and fourthly, appointed two com- 
mittees, one "to wait on General Washington and inquire if it 
will be agreeable to him to be named in the charter," and the 
other to apply to the Grand Lodge at Richmond for a Charter. 

During the summer nothing seems to have been done except 
to obtain the consent of Washington to the use of his name. 

At the meeting held October 25, 1788, a committee was 
again appointed to make application for the Charter, ' ' agree- 
able to the former order of this Lodge, ' ' and immediately fol- 
lowing, in the Minutes of the next meeting, on November 22, 
is recorded a copy of the application, in which is the following : 

""Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Virginia, from 1777 to 1823," 
Vol. I, p. 37. 
» Minutes of Lodge No. 39, May 29, 1788. 


(Stnttal ma&'^inston a0 dSJatcant 9^a0ttt 

" The Brethren of Lodge No. 39, Ancient York Masons • . . under 
a warrant from the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania . . . have at 
sundry preceding meetings resolved to ask your honorable society 
for a new warrant, which has already been communicated to you 
by letter, and also by our Brother Hunter personally, who hath 
obtained an entry of this Lodge on your minutes. . . . 

" It is also the earnest desire of the members of this Lodge that 
Brother George Washington, Esq., should be named in the charter 
as Master of the Lodge." 

At the regular meeting in December, the time of the annual 
election, the new Charter had not arrived, and accordingly 
Lodge No. 39, as its Minutes show, held its election, at which 
"His Excellency, George Washington, was unanimously 
elected Master. 

Bro. Lamberton says: "It will thus be seen, a fact I have 
not seen stated before, that not only was Washington elected 
the Charter Master of Lodge No. 22, on the roll of the Grand 
Lodge of Virginia, but was also the last duly elected Worship- 
ful Master of Lodge No. 39 on the roll of the Grand Lodge of 
Pennsylvania; and he was consequently a member, certainly 
a member-elect, of this Grand Lodge. There is, therefore, 
ample justification, if any was necessary, for the celebration 
by this Grand Lodge, "^o 

The last meeting of Lodge No. 39, Pennsylvania, was held 
on January 20, 1789, and the first meeting of Lodge No. 22, 
Virginia, on February 21, 1789, by which time the Charter, 
which was issued as of April 28, 1788, had arrived, as the 
Lodge Minutes show.^^ The Charter, which was signed by 
Edmund Randolph, who was Governor, as well as Grand Mas- 
ter, of Virginia, names "our illustrious Brother George Wash- 
ington Esquire, late general and commander-in-chief of the 

" ' ' Memorial Volume, Washington Sesqui-Centennial Celebration, Nov. 
5, 1902," Grand Lodge F. & A. M., Pennsylvania, p. 149. 
=" Minutes of Lodge No. 22, February 21, 1789. 


forces of the United States," and the three other Brethren 
recommended by the Lodge. 

In view of certain inaccuracies ia ' ' The Lodge of Washing- 
ton," and in " Washington The Man and The Mason," by 
Bro. Charles H. Callahan, P. M., the facts have been given in 
detail regarding the Virginia Charter. 

Under this Charter the Lodge still continues to work, the 
name having been changed to Alexandria-Washington Lodge 
on December 11, 1805.^^ 

For a further history of this Lodge, under its Virginia 
Charter, the reader is referred to the monumental work by 
Bro. Charles H. Callahan, P. M., "Washington The Man and 
The Mason," lately published under the auspices of the Me- 
morial Temple Committee of the George Washington Masonic 
National Memorial Association. 

'"'Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Virginia, from 1777 to 1823," 
Vol. I, p. 341; see also p. 323. 







J N looking up material for 
the history of the Lodge 
working under the 
Warrant bearing the number 
40 upon the roster of the Pro- 
vincial Grand Lodge of Penn- 
sylvania, a bundle of long- 
forgotten documents was 
found in our Archives, faded 
and yellow with age, covered 
with the dust of years. Upon examination these papers 
proved to relate to a long-forgotten American Grand Lodge, 
one of which the present writer has never seen any extended 
record, in any of the numerous histories of Freemasonry in 
The official title of this Masonic body was "The Grand 

^ A Charter was granted by the Grand Lodge of Scotland in 1768 for a 
Lodge in East Florida of which there is now no trace. American edition 
by K. r. Gould, vol. 4, p. 502, "History of Freemasonry." 


Lodge op the Southern District of North America." It 
was located at St. Augustine, the capitol of the English prov- 
ince of East Florida. It was a Provincial Grand Lodge, hold- 
ing its charter under the Grand Lodge of Scotland. Gen. 
James Grant, Governor and Commander-in-Chief was the 
Grand Master; William Drayton, Deputy Grand Master; 
Alexander McKenzie, Senior Grand Warden; Frederick 
George Mulcaster, Junior Grand Warden, and David Yates, 
Grand Secretary. 

In the Records of the Grand Lodge of Scotland, under date 
of March 15, 1768, there is the following entry: "having 
read a petition from James Grant, Esq., Governor of the 
Province of East Florida, Henry Cunningham, late Senior 
Warden of the Grand Lodge of Scotland, and many other 
Brethren residing in the province aforesaid, craving a charter 
for holding a Lodge there by the stile and title of 'Grant's 
East Florida Lodge,' and also entreating the Grand Lodge 
would appoint the said Governor James Grant Provincial 
Grand Master over the Lodge in the southern District of North 
America. The Grand Lodge granted the desire of that peti- 
tion, and authorized a charter to be made out accordingly, and 
likewise a Commission appointing Governor James Grant, 
Provincial Grand Master over the Lodges in the southern 
district of North America." 

"Grant's Bast Florida Lodge" was Number 143 upon the 
roll of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. From the "Charter," 
quoted below, it will be seen, by comparison, that this Lodge 
subordinate to the Grand Lodge of Scotland was a different 
body from the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons 
FOR THE Southern District of North America. 

There is no record of this Provincial Grand Lodge in the 
lists of ' ' cut-off ' ' Lodges, in the ' ' Constitution and Laws of the 


<^Se CSttMb %o\iSt at &t Siusn&tint 

Grand Lodge of A, F, & A. Masons of Scotland," Edinburgh, 
1904. This Grand Lodge evidently became dormant, and was 
"cut-off" under article 132, of the Scottish Constitution, which 
states, that "Any Provincial or District Grand Lodge, which 
has not assembled for the space of two years becomes 
dormant. ' '^ 

Just how many Subordinate Lodges were warranted by this 
"Grand Lodge of the Southern District of North America"^ 
is not definitely known. 

In the year 1763, at the peace of Fontainbleau, both East 
and "West Florida came into the possession of the British, and 
it was during their military occupation that this Grand Lodge 
was constitoed at St. Augustine. The British regime in the 
Floridas, however, was short, as in 1780 the Spaniards re- 
captured Pensacola and recovered "West Florida. By the 
peace of Versailles, in 1783, East Florida was also regained 
by the Spaniards. 

The first "Warrant granted by this Grand Lodge was to a 
number of Brethren, members of St. George Lodge No. 108 of 
the Register of Scotland,' held in his Majesty's Thirty-first 
Regiment of Foot, stationed at that time at Pensacola, "West 

In the year 1765, the Thirty-first Regiment of Foot, also 
known as the Huntingdonshire Regiment of Foot, with its 
two Regimental Masonic Lodges, was embarked in England 
for Pensacola, the capital of West Florida, which had been 
ceded to Great Britain by Spain in 1763. On the passage out, 

' Cf . ' ' The Constitution and Laws of the Grand Lodge of Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons of Scotland, ' ' Edinburgh edition, 1904, p. 49. 

° There were two Military Lodges in the 31st Regiment of Foot, both, 
warranted by the Grand Lodge of Scotland, viz.: "Fort George" Lodge 
No. 100, instituted in 1760, and "St. George" Lodge No. 108, instituted 
in 1761. Both Lodges have long since been removed from the roll of 
the Grand Lodge of Scotland; Lodge 108 in 1816— Lodge 100 in 1852. 


the transport having the regiment on board put into Blue- 
Field Bay, Jamaica, at the time the yellow fever was raging 
with great violence in that island. The Thirty-first took the 
infection, and, unfortunately, carried it to Pensacola, where 
the Brethren and soldiers continued to suffer most severely; 
so great was the mortality, and so rapid the disease in its 
course, that the regiment could not supply men to carry their 
comrades to the grave. The Brethren who attended the 
funerals of their brother soldiers in the morning, while the 
Brethren in the regiment were strong enough to preserve some 
ceremony, were, in many instances, consigned to the tomb in 
the evening. 

It appears by the newspapers of the period, in which allusion 
is made to the mortality, that, at one period of the pestilence, 
the regiment could muster only a corporal and six men for 

Yet, notwithstanding this terrible ordeal, both regimental 
Lodges appear to have kept their organizations intact, and, as 
shown by these records, St. George 's Lodge, No. 108, recovered 
its activity and became an active Masonic body in Pensacola, 
on the Gulf of Mexico. In the latter part of the year 1770, or 
early in 1771, this regiment was ordered away from Pensa- 
cola, and in the autumn of 1772 was embarked for St. Vincent. 
This left the resident members of Lodge No. 108 who were 
not soldiers without a Lodge, whereupon they petitioned the 
said Grand Lodge for a Warrant to erect a Lodge at Pensacola, 
under the name of St. Andrew's Lodge, No. 1. 

Their prayer was granted, and a "Warrant issued. This 
document was found in the Archives of the Grand Lodge of 
Pennsylvania, and reads: 

* Cf . " Historical Record of the Thirty-first, or Huntingdonshire Eegi- 
ment of Foot," London, 1836, p. 33. 




"To ALL AND SUNDRY to whose Knowledge these Presents shall 
come Greeting: In God everlasting. Whereas upon Application to 
the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons for the Southern 
District of North America under the Register of Scotland by Francis 
Donnman, James Mitchell, Daniel Hicky, William Dutton, Alexander 
Strother, Robert Dalrymple, Patrick Morgan, James Crawford, John 
Amer and Peter Miller setting forth that the Petitioners have for 
some time past been Members of Lodge No. 108. of the Register of 
Scotland held in his Majesty's Thirty-first Regiment of Foot and as 
the said Regiment was about to leave the Province they had unani- 
mously agreed to Petition the Grand Lodge for a Charter to hold 
a Lodge under the Name and Title of St. Andrews Lodge No 1 West 
Florida and that they were determined to act in every respect as 
regular Brethren and proposed the said Francis Donnman for Master, 
James Mitchell for Sen' Warden, Daniel Hicky for Jun' Warden, 
Patrick Morgan for Treasurer and James Crawford for Secretary. 
And praying that it might please the Grand Lodge to grant them a 
Charter of Erection in the usual form which Petition having been 
considered by the Grand Lodge they authorized the underwritten 
Patent of Constitution and Erection to be expeded in the Petitioners 
Favours. Know Ye therefore that the Most Worshipful the 
Grand Master for the Southern District of NO. America under the 
Register of Scotland and the Grand Lodge thereof aforesaid have 
constituted erected and appointed and hereby constitute erect and 
appoint the Worshipful Brethren above named and Successors in all 
Times coming to be a true and regular Lodge of Free and Accepted 
Masons by the Style and Title of St. Andrews Lodge No 1 West 
Florida and appoint and ordain all regular Lodges under the Consti- 
tution of the Grand Lodge to hold own and respect them as such 
giving granting and committing to them and their Successors full 
Power and Authority to meet assemble and convene as a regular 
Lodge and to admit and receive Apprentices pass Fellow Crafts and 
raise Master Masons upon Payment of such Composition for support 
of their Lodge as they shall see convenient and to elect and choose 
Masters Wardens and other Officers annually or otherwise as they 
shall have occasion recommending to the Brethren aforesaid and their 
Successors to Reverence and obey their Superiors in all things lawful 
and honest as becomes the Honour and Harmony of Masonry the 
said Brethren by accepting of this Present Charter becoming faith- 
fully bound and engaged not to desert their said Lodges so consti- 
tuted nor upon any pretext whatsoever to make any separate or 


Schismatical Meetings without Consent of their Master and Wardens 
for the Time nor collect Money or other Funds separate from the 
common Stock of their Lodge to the Prejudice of the Poor thereof 
They and their Successors in all Time coming being also obliged to 
obey and pay all due Regard to the Acts Statutes and Regulations 
of the Grand Lodge already made or hereafter to be made for the 
Utility Welfare and Prosperity of Masonry in general and to pay 
and perform whatever is stipulated or demanded of them for the 
support of the dignity of the Grand Lodge and to Record in their 
Books which they are hereby authorized to keep this present Charter 
of Constitution and Erection with their own Regulations and Bye 
Laws and their whole Proceedure from time to time as they shall 
occur to the end the same may be more easily seen and observed by 
their Brethren subject always to the review of the Grand Lodge 
and also the Brethren aforesaid and their Successors are hereby 
required punctually to attend the whole General Meetings and Quar- 
terly Communications of the Grand Lodge by their Representatives 
being their Master and Wardens for the Time or by lawful Proxies 
in their names provided such Proxies be Master Masons or Fellow 
Crafts of some established Lodge holding of the Grand Lodge to 
the End they may act and vote in the Grand Lodge and be duly 
Certiorated of the Proceedings thereof Declaring their Precedency in 
the Grand Lodge to commence from the date hereof and to the End 
these Presents may be more effectually kept and preserved the same 
are hereby appointed to be recorded in the Books of the Grand 
Lodge. Given at the Grand Lodge in Town of St. Augustine in the 
Province of East Florida upon the third day of May A. D. 1771. By 
the MOST Worshipful his Excellency James Grant, Esq''- Govemour 
and Com m ander in Chief in and over the said Province Grand 
Master Mason for the Southern District of North America The 
Right WoRSHiPPuii William Drayton Esquire Deputy Grand Master 
The Right Worshipful Alexander M'=Kenzie and Frederick George 
Mulcastor Esq" Grand Wardens and the Seal of the Grand Lodge 
is appended hereunto in presence of David Yates Esq' Grand Secre- 
tary and John Haley Grand Clerk. 

'James Grant G. M. 

WM. Drayton, D. G. M. p. T. 

AlexK M-'Kenzie, S. G. W. 

FredE Geo. Mulcastor J. G. W. 

" Signed 

" Signed 
" David Yates G. SeC 
« John Haley G. Clk." 174 

St^ount ^otial Eotis^, Bo. 2 

The second Warrant issued by this Grand Lodge was a regi- 
mental one, and was granted in 1779 to the Mount Moriah 
Lodge, in the 35 Regiment of Foot, which was stationed on 
Mount Fortune, Island of Saint Lucia, one of the Windward 
group, lying between Martinique and St. Vincent. These 
Brethren, as was then the custom, conferred both the Royal 
Arch and Templar degrees under their Blue Lodge Warrant. 
One of their Templar certificates, fortunately, has come down 
to us, viz. : 

"In the Name of the Most Holy Glorious and Undivided Trinity, 
Pather, Son, and Holy Ghost. 

"By the Captain General, and Grand Wardens of Warrant N" 2 
Mount Moeiah, On the Eegestry of America. 

"We doe hereby Certifle and Attest that the Bearer hereof our 
Trusty and well Beloved Brother Sir Phillip Crofton was by us 
IstaUed and Dubbed A Knight of the Most Noble and Right Worship- 
ful Oder, Sir Knights Templars, he having with Fortitude, and due 
honor Justly supported the Amazing Trials Attending his Admission 
" We therefore recommend him as A worthy and Valient Brother. 
" Given from under our hands. At our Assembly in Mount Fortune, 
Island of Saint Lucia, with the Assembly's Seal hereunto Affixed, 
this the 14* Day of April Anno Domine 1779. Anno Lap. 5779. 

" Sir George Cookbuen G. G. 
"Sir Daniel Miller \ 
"Phillip Crofton J 
"Sir John Frib, G. Sect. 

St. Andrew's Lodge, No. 1, constituted May 3, 1771, became 
an active Masonic body at Pensacola, until the Spaniards, in 
1780, again came into possession of West Florida, by the 
reduction of Pensacola, when all Freemasons were driven 
out by the Dominican priests accompanying the victors. 

After that part of Florida was again in the hands of the 
Spaniard, such Brethren as were not in the military service 
fled to Charleston, South Carolina, which was then in posses- 


sion of the British under General Clinton, taking their War- 
rant, papers and Masonic clothing to that Province. 

In the beginning of the year 1782, the Brethren of St. 
Andrew's Lodge attempted to reorganize at Charleston, and 
sent the following letter to the offlcers of their Grand Lodge 
at St. Augustine, East Florida, which was then a British 
possession : 

" Bight Worshipful Sir^ 

"[Document No. 2.] "ChaS Town 9''' reb^- 1782 

" and Brethren 
" We part of the members of Saint Andrews Lodge No. 1 West 
Florida (holding by Deputation under you) have taken this oppor- 
tunity of writing to acquaint you that the unfortunate Reduction 
of Pensacola by the Spaniards hath distributed the members of our 
Society to divers parts of the World so that we cannot all Joio 
together in writing and as we the few that are here being conscious 
that it is our duty to inform you that we have the Charter of that 
Lodge here in Charlestown together with the Book of Minutes from 
the first meeting of the Lodge. As we at present know not of any 
thing worth relating with respect to the Craft shall conclude with 
assuring you that as soon as we can Conveniently have a meeting 
among ourselves to consult about what is best to be done with those 
valuable Papers and when determined we will do ourselves the 
Honor of acquainting you with our Resolution. We will be exceed- 
ing happy at having a few hnes from you together with your direc- 
tions relating to what is to be done with the Charter. 
" We are with the greatest Respect 
"Right Worshipful Sir 
" and Brethren 

"Your most obedient 
" and most 

"Humble Servants 
"P. S. 

" This letter will be handed you 
by Brother Mann of Lodge No. 
190 who we hereby recommend 
as a worthy Brother — 

" Thomas Underwood, Master, 
"John Simpson Pass Master 
"H. Beaumont, Jmm*" Wardert 
"ThqS- Pashlet 8. Stewart 

'MSS., Vol. H, paquet 98, folio 9. 


" Right Worshipful Master Wardens and Members of the Grand 
Lodge for the Southern District of North America. 

St, Augustine." 

This appeal from the Brethren at Charleston was answered 
by the Grand Officers of the Grand Lodge of the Southern 
District of North America as follows: 

" [Document No. 3.] 

"In the Grand Lodge held at Saint 

" Augustine the 14"' day of March, 5782 

"Bight Worshipful Master and Members of St Andrews Lodge 

No. 1 
" West Florida.* 
"We have received by the Hands of Brother William Johnston 
formerly of your Lodge, your Letter of the 9th day of February last, 
intimating to us your concern for not having it in your power to 
hold a Lodge under your Charter and expressive of your very laud- 
able zeal for the Craft — It is with deep concern and sincere sjmi- 
pathy that we regret the Calamities of War, and condole with you 
on your expulsion from West Florida by which means your members 
no doubt are dispersed and you are deprived of frequent Com- 
munion and fellowship for your mutual improvement and the benefit 
of the Craft — ^Your Letter has been laid before the Grand Lodge 
and it is their opinion, that you having a dispensation from the 
Grand Lodge may and you are hereby authorized to Constitute and 
hold a Lodge at Charlestown, South Carolina under your Charter 
until it shall please God to restore you to the Ancient Seat of your 
Lodge in West Florida. Provided you have the Master and a Suffi- 
cient number of Members of the same to form a Lodge. 
"We heartily wish you well 

"John Forbes D. G. M. 

"David Yeats S. G. W. 

"Henet Young, J. G. W. 
"John Haley G. S." 

In the meantime, the Brethren, to properly establish them- 

* MSS., Vol. H, paquet 98, folio 10. 
13 177 

selves at Charleston, issued a summons to the Masters of all 
the Ancient York Lodges in Charleston, to try and examine 
them, whether they were legitimate "Ancient" Masons, or 
After the examination the following report was signed: 

" [Doemnent No. 4.] 

" CHABLiES Towsr April 26, 1782 
"From Summons being Issued to all the Masters of Ancient 
Lodges of Free & Accepted Masons constituted and Warranted in 
Charles Town aforesaid &c. 

"We the undernamed Persons having duly Inspected and Ex- 
amined the Warrant or Constitution serving under the Grand Lodge 
of the Southern District &c are of Opinion that from the tenor of 
the Warrant Granted to them That Lodge No 1 by the name of St. 
Andrews Lodge (that Said Lodge) are legally entitled to Work as 
Ancient Masons thro'out the Southern District & are entitled to all 
due honor Given under our hands the day & date Above Written 
"JnO Kenneburgh Master Lodge N' 106 

"George Carter P. M. L AT" 190 

" J. H. Bushworth Master N" 90 

" AlexB Smith P. M. L No 190 

" Jeremiah Wright M. L No 535 


"The Resolutions of the meeting of the Officers of the different 
Antient Lodges in Charlestown report on the Charter of St Andrews 
Lodge No 1 referred to in the memorial." 

St. Andrew's again became an active Masonic body, until 
the close of the year 1782, when Charleston was evacuated 
by the British, and was once more an American city. 

By the vicissitudes of war and European diplomacy, the 
whole of Florida in 1783 came again under the control of 
the Spaniards and the Eoman Church, and thus the life of 
the "Grand Lodge of the Southern District of North America" 
ended with the evacuation of St. Augustine by the British 


SiViftal to CStanti %otse ot ^em^nVaania 

The Brethren of St. Andrew's Lodge now stranded, as it 
were, at home, and bereft of their governing body, sent the 
following given below, together with attested copies of all of 
their papers, to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, as the 
"Grand Lodge of North America." 

These documents were laid before a Grand Lodge of Emer- 
gency, July 8, 1783. 

"To the Most Worshipful the Grand Master and Brethren of the 
Grand Lodge of North America <&c &c Sc^ 

" The Memorial of the Brethren of St. Andrews Lodge No. 1 late 
of West Florida and now of Charles, South Carolina, in full Lodge 

" Most humbly Sheweth 

"That your memorialists obtained a Constitution or Warrant 
from the Grand Lodge of the Southern District of North America 
holding Charter under the Grand Lodge of Scotland dated at St 
Augustine in the Province of East Florida upon the third day of 
May, A. D. 1771 as wiU more fully appear by an attested Copy of 
our Charter herewith transmitted (No. 1) — That your memoralists 
wrought under the said Constitution as regular registered Masons con- 
formable in all respects to the Tenets and Principles of the Antient 
and Honourable Craft from the Time of their Erection till the fall 
of Pensaeola in West Florida. That your memorialists having with- 
drawn themselves from Pensaeola in West Florida on the Reduction 
thereof to Charles Town, South Carolina did on the 9th Feb-^- 1782 
address themselves to the Grand Lodge of the Southern District of 
North America aforesaid in the manner represented in a Copy of 
the same herewith transmitted to which we beg leave to refer you 
(No. 2) 

"That your memorialists did on the 14th day of March 5782 
receive a Letter from the Grand Lodge aforesaid in answer to their 
Letter a true Copy thereof is herewith transmitted to which we also 
beg leave to refer you (No. 3) — That your memorialists on the Receipt 
of the said Letter previous to their forming themselves into a Body 

'MSS., Vol. H, paquet 98, folio 11. 


or using their Eight of Erection did issue Summonses to the Masters 
and Wardens of all regular Constituted Lodges of Antient Masons 
assembled in Charles Town aforesaid and on a meeting had on the 
26th of April, 1782 those who thought proper to attend the said 
meeting came to such Resolutions as are herewith transmitted and 
attested to which we beg leave to refer you (No. 4) — ^That your 
memorialists having a sufficient number of members of St. Andrews 
Lodge No. 1 aforesaid agreeable to the Directions of the Grand 
Lodge aforesaid having for their Master John Simpson, Heniy 
Beaimiont Sen"" "Warden, Thomas Pashley Jun' Warden, Geo. Boles 
Sec"' and William Duncan, Tyler, did on the 30th day of April 
5782 Erect, Congregate and form themselves into a Body agreeable to 
Antient usage by the Style and Title of St. Andrews Lodge No. 1 
late of West Florida aforesaid, in Charles Town South Carolina 
aforesaid. That your memorialists have ever since the 30th April 
1782 as recited, regularly convened their Lodge and have supported 
the Grand Laws and been governed by them, and have also supported 
their Bye-Laws, and have entered apprentices, passed Fellow Crafts 
and raised Master Masons agreable to Antient Usage and Constitu- 
tion, and have elected Officers regularly in their respective Body and 
have agreable to the Tenuity of their Understandings promoted the 
true Interest Honor and Welfare of the Antient and Honorable 
Fraternity and Peace, Love and Harmony hath ever subsisted in our 
Lodge to this Period. 

" That your memorialists most humbly pray that the Most Wor- 
shipful the Grand Master and Brethren of the Grand Lodge presid- 
ing in North America and holden at Philadelphia will be most 
graciously pleased out of his and their accustomed Bounty Benevo- 
lence and Goodness to receive them under their Protection and into 
your Favour by establishing our Constitution and renewing our 
Warrant and placing us upon your Register and under your Juris- 
diction by the Style and Title of St. Andrews Lodge No. 1 (late of 
West Florida) or in such other Form and manner as shall seem meet 
and most expedient to your superior Wisdom, Justice and Groodness. 
That your memorialists have transmitted a List of the names of the 
members of St. Andrews Lodge No. 1 and of which our Lodge now 
consists to which we beg leave to refer you whereby it will appear 
that our Lodge is in a thriving and flourishing Condition. (No. 5.) 

"Your memorialists therefore submits the whole Premises to 
your serious Consideration hoping that with Expedition and 



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ll'fH t*>. 

•"In ein In 



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dispatch you will be pleased to transmit to us the Confirma- 
tion and Kenewal of our Charter. 
" And as in Duty bound we will ever pray &c &e 

"Geo Cartbk, Master. 
"Thos Pashlet, S. W. 

"WM- NiSBETT, /. W. 

"Lambert Lance, Treas'' 
"John CoLiiETT, Secretary." 
" [Document No. 5.] 

"A List op the Members op St. Andrews Lodge No. 1 Late op 
West Flortoa Now op Charles Town South Carolina, viz : 
June 17838 

Doctor George Carter Master 
Thomas Pashley Senior Warden 
William Nisbett, Esquire Junior Warden 
Cap* John Hamilton, Senior Deacon' 

Peter Valton Junior Deacon 

Cap*- John Collett Secretary 
Lambert Lance Esquire Treasurer 


William Glen Jun'' Esquire 

Thomas Gough Esquire 

Cap*- Richard Mason' 

Cap*- Jervis Henry Steven 

John Miller Esquire 

William Shrine Esq' 

Cap*- Thomas Jervey 
Cap*- Samuel Wells 
Cap*- Alexander Petrie* 

"MSS., Volume H, paquet 98, folio 15. 

'John Hamilton, 2d Lieutenant, 1st South Carolina, 1777; 

Brigade-Major to Colonel Pinckney, May 10, 1778; wounded at Stono 
Ferry, June 20, 1779; 1st Lieutenant, July 30, 1779; taken prisoner at 
Charleston, May 12, 1780. 

'Eichard Mason, 1st Lieutenant, 2d South Carolina ; Captain, 

November 25, 1778 ; taken prisoner at Charleston, May 12, 1780. 

•Alexander Petrie, Ist Lieutenant, 2d South Carolina ; wounded 

at Savannah, October 9, 1779. 


Cap'- Albert Eouxi" 
Cap'- William Parsons 

Col. David Hopkins 
Cap'- Richard Brooke Roberts^^ 
Andeon St. John Esq'- 
Francis Tate Esq^ 
Alexander Frazier, Esquire 
William Frazier, Esq"^ 
Lieut. Charles Brown^^ 

Abraham Newton Esq' 
Thomas Fuller Jun' Esq' 
Doctor James Stewart Esq' 
Col. John Baddsley. 

All of these copies sent were certified hy the foUowing 
notarial certificate: 

"South Carolina 

"By John Troup Notary Publiek duly admitted and residing in 
Charles Town in the State of S" Carolina afores*- 

" These are to Certifle to aU to whom these presents shall come 
that I have examined and compared with the Original the within 
Coppy & do find it in all things to agree & corespond therewith 

" In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand, & Seal Notarial 
at Charles town afores* this T"" day of June 1783 

" John Troup, N. P." 

These papers, addressed to the R. W. Grand Master, were 
laid before the Grand Lodge of Emergency of Philadelphia, 

" Albert Eoux, 1st Lieutenant, 2d South Carolina , 1776 ; Captain, 

October, 1779; wounded at Savannah, October 9, 1779; retired Janu- 
ary 1, 1781. 

"Richard Brooke Roberts, Captain, South Carolina State Artillery 
Regiment, 1779; Aide-de-Camp to General Lincoln in 1782; Captain, 2d 
TTnited States Infantry, March 4, 1791; assigned to 2d Sub Legion, 
September 4, 1792; Major 3d Sub Legion, February 28, 1793; assigned 
to 4th Infantry, November 1, 1796; died, January 19, 1797. 

"Charles Brown, Lieutenant, 1st South Carolina, December 8, 1779; 
taken prisoner at Charleston, May 12, 1780, exchanged July, 1781, and 
served to close of war. 


fLttttt to 3tot^n Mtuman 

July 8, 1783, and received a full reading, "Agreed, that a 

Letter be written to the Master and Brethren of S'- Andrew's 

Lodge, referring and recommending them to our worthy 

Brother, Edward Weyman, of Lodge N"- 38, to whom a letter 

is also requested to be written, granting full power and 

authority to act, agreeably to directions to be given to him by 

this G«- Lodge."" 

"From records in our Ardiives, it appears that, after the expulsion 
of the "Grand Lodge of the Southern District of North America" from 
St. Augustine, in Florida, the Brethren then located at Morant Bay, in 
the Island of Jamaica, and in 1786 constituted and warranted the 
"Lodge of St. John of Scotland, held at Cape Francois, on the Island 
of St. Domingo. The full story of this Lodge will be found in Chapter 
LIU of this work. 





T a Grand Lodge of Emer- 
gency held July 12, 1783, 
"on Motion, Ordered, 
that the Sec^ prepare and draw 
a Warrant (for the brethren of 
S'- Andrew's Lodge, N"- 1), to be 
N"- 40, which Warrant is to be 
transmitted to Bro. Weyman, 
Mas''- of Lodge N"- 38, to be by 
him delivered to the Master and members of S'- Andrew's 
Lodge N"- 1, provided that the Master and members of s* Lodge 
are found to be of the Ancient and honorable Fraternity, and 
accepts to be under this Jurisdiction. 

" Ordered, That two dozen Books of the Constitutions be 
sent to Bro. Weyman, he to be charged with the same, the 
sum of six pounds." 

Letter to the Beetheen op St. Andrew's Lodge at 


" Gent" (& Brethren^^ " Gbanb Lodge July 12 1783 

"Your memorial together with sundry papers relative thereto, 
" MSS., Volmne H, paquet 98, folio 16. 


JLtttet^ of In&tvuction 

was received & laid before the Grand Lodge in this city on the 
8* Inst. 

"The sincere desire of the brethren of St. Andrew's Lodge to 
promote the Interest, Honor & Welfare of Masonry, appears too 
fuUy in their proceedings to require comment; — their decent Sub- 
mission, together with the satisfaction they have endeavored to 
render us, merits our liveliest approbation 

" The distance between us, Brethren, renders such enquiry as 
might illustrate particular facts, wholly impracticable; sufler us 
therefore to recommend to you our worthy brother M' Edward 
Weyman, of Lodge No. 38, who is fully instructed and authorized in 
every matter which relates to your request; and who will present 
you with a warrant from this Grand Lodge as soon as he hath com- 
plied with their directions 

" Our most earnest wishes are to cultivate Harmony among our 
brethren, and we are fully persuaded that nothing unconstitutional 
on our behalf, will appear in the proceedings of our valuable 
Brother Weyman. 

"As soon as your business is fuUy accomplished, we shall be 
happy to hear from you; and if any thing in future can be added 
to promote your happiness, we will most ehearfully attend to the 
request of the honorable Lodge of St. Andrews. 

"We are Gent" & Brethren with sincere respect 

"Your affectionate Brethren 
" Signed by order of the Grand Lodge 

" Joseph HowEiii Jr. By. Gr. Sec'y 

Letter op Instruction to Bro. Edward Weyman, op Lodge 

No. 38. 

"Grand Lodge July 12f. 1783 
" Dear Brother^* 

" We take this opportunity to acknowledge your very affectionate 
favor of the 31st of May last, and are no less obliged to you for 
the receipt thereof, than those worthy & excellent sentiments with 
which it abounds respecting the Interest & Dignity of the Craft. 
On this score suffer us to add that your letter cannot perhaps receive 
a better answer, than to acquaint you in general, that we perfectly 
concur with you in your ideas of Masonry. Great Obligations we 

» MSB., Vol. H, paquet 98, folio 17. 


apprehend axe likewise due to you for your own Zeal & Industry in 
opening and conducting the Lodge under your care and protection; 
and there is every reason to think, it will be attended with very 
happy and salutory effects, and reflect on you that becoming honor 
& respect to which you seem so highly entitled to. 

"We confess we enjoy a most peculiar pleasure in finding the 
Modems discover a disposition to commence Antients: This pleasure 
is much enlivened & refined when we consider as you justly observe, 
the "Modems" are very numerous. We cannot suspect or doubt 
your inclination to reform any misled or misguided Masons & to lead 
those modems from their unfortunate dark into the proper light 

"Your favor was presented to the Grand Lodge the 24th Ult" & 
must inform you that they considered of the different subjects to 
which you wished to invite their attention 

" We presume that it will be unnecessary to inform you that we 
have received a Memorial together with sundry papers relating 
thereto from the members of St. Andrews Lodge No. 1. Their 
humility and submission to this Grand Lodge is a very presimitive 
proof that they wiU upon application present you with the originals 
for your perusal, inspection & determination, & that more especially, 
as we have referred them to Lodge No. 38 for every necessary 

"Permit us to observe with respect to the application of St. 
Andrews Lodge, that as many difficulties occurred on the Considera- 
tion of circumstances, whether the Lodge was composed of regular 
brethren or clandestines, it was the opinion of the G*- Lodge that 
they should apply to Lodge No. 38 for the investigation of that 
important point, and if you should be satisfied on the subject, then 
we have no objection to comply with their wishes & expectations by 
placing them on the most respectable footing, such as is suited to a 
Constitutional Lodge and conduces to the welfare of the Brother- 
hood at large. To effect so laudable a purpose the Grand Lodge has 
thought expedient to transmit you a Warrant constituting the said 
Lodge, No. 40, which is the next number to the Lodges already under 
our Jurisdiction. We do not conceive ourselves justified from either 
precedent or Usage to insert the name of the Lodge in the Warrant 
which request is therefore left to the option of the Lodge in case 
they should be found worthy and wish to accept it. 

"We have the pleasure to forward you 24 Copies of the Book 
of Constitutions which have been lately published. If this number 
should be insufficient you can have as many more as you think proper 


%o\tSt Jl2o. 40, Si, $. 

on application. "We trust they wUl be very essential in cultivating 
the proper rule & measure without which no Lodge can retain its 
dignity over the Workmen or its consequences & weight in the world 
which hath not seen the light. 

"We most sincerely join you in lamenting the distance between 
us. We are very sensible it must be attended with numberless incon- 
veniences; but the Grand Lodge has to interpose & from no other 
principle than a delicacy and doubt they entertain of the propriety 
of forming a Grand Lodge among you — We should therefore be 
happy you would endeavor to make your situation as agreeable as 
possible for the present, and the hand of all revealing time will prob- 
ably in the course of events effect something in your favor. 

" Eest assured D' B"^ we shall at all times be willing and anxious 
to yield every service we can afford tending to maintain the Har- 
mony & Brotherly Love among you — ^We cannot suflttciently express 
our affectionate sentiments for you, and feel ourselves bound towards 
you by Chords of the greatest partiality. Wishing you every kind of 
happiness & that you may experience the blessed results of those 
valuable sentiments with which your letter teems, particularly in 
reconciling men of all religions & nations & inculcating every species 
of Masonic & moral Excellence, we remain with distinguished esteem 
"Tour affect. Brethren 
" Signed by order of and in behalf of the G. L. 
" Joseph Howell jr. Dy. Gr. Sec'y. 
«P. S. 

"Agreeably to your request we enclose you a list of the Lodges 
under the jurisdiction of this Graijd Lodge. 

" * Therefore as many of the copies as are deemed necessary you 
will be pleased to furnish St. Andrew's Lodge with, should they 
comply with the sentiments we have before imparted to you — ^which 
you can replace by the first oppo^-" 

Henceforth the old St. Andrew's Lodge, No. 1, of Florida, 
became Lodge No. 40 upon the Eoster of the Grand Lodge of 
Pennsylvania. That Bro. Edward Weyman performed the 
duty imposed upon him by the Grand Lodge, is shown by the 
letter from him under date of August 28, 1783, and by two 
letters from Bro. George Carter, to the Grand Lodge of Penn- 


sylvania, dated September 5, 1783, and read before that body 
September 29, 1783 : 


"28* August 1783 
" Dear Brother^^ 

"Your favor from the Grand Lodge I Received ■with the Books 
and Papers which shall be fully answered in due time. This will be 
handed you by our worthy Brother Benjamin Nones member of 
Lodge No. 38. which I take the liberty to recomend to all Brethren 
of our Ancient Fraternity. Lodge No 38 upon Investigating the 
several matters recomended by the Grand Lodge relating to St. 
Andrews Lodge No 1 have for prudential reasons agreed to deliver 
the Warrant for holding Lodge No. 40 in Charles Town ; which was 
accepted of and are become Subordinate to the Grand Lodge of 

"I am with the greatest respect 
"your Friend & Brother 
"Edwaed Weyman 
"Joseph Howell Jun' 
«D. G. S." 

"Chaklestok 5* Sep'- 1783 

" Your much Esteemed favor of the 12"* July ult°- came to hand 
in due course and was (on receipt thereof) laid before Our Lodge. 

" The Fraternal and polite reception which our Memorial met 
with in Grand Lodge, and their readyness in granting Our Request, 
hath fill'd the hearts, and inspired the breasts of all the brethren of 
Our Lodge with the liveliest sense of Gratitude, and the warmest 
sentiments of Duty and respect for the Grand Lodge in General. 

" The Worshipful the Master of Lodge No 38 conveined a meet- 
ing thereof on the 10th ulf- where, a Committee from Our body 
attended for the purpose of giving the necessary satisfaction required 
of us by the Grand Lodge w'^'' was done to content of the whole. 

"And on the 13th he Install'd the proper Officers agreeable to 
Ancient usage & form (as proxy to the Grand Lodge,) and handed 
us the Warrant which you were so kind as to forward us for w"^'' we 
have paid the fees, we have also received 16 books of Constitution for 

"MSS., Vol. H, paquet 98, folio 18. 
"MSS., Vol. H, paquet 98, foUo 21. 


JLotiSt Mo. 40> a. g. 9?. 

which B' Weyman will acct. with you also. I suppose when he 
made a complaint against me to the Grand Lodge, that he was not 
informed that Brother Jn° Troup (alluded to) had been a long time 
since an Ancient Masf- Mason, and has many months since been 
raised to the Sublime degrees of Eoyal Arch Mason, and a Knight 
of the Red Cross, in our Lodge late St. Andrew's No 1. 

" We most heartily regret the loss we sustain in not being person- 
ally acquainted. Our body, embolden'd by the hope of your honour- 
ing us, as our Representative, or Proxy in Grand Lodge, have 
Order'd that I should make that request, and at the same time send 
you a prop'- power for that purpose, with a blank for you to fill up 
with the name of whatever Brother may be most agreable to your 
choice as your coleague. We also inclose a Letter to the Grand 
Lodge, which We beg leave to recomend to your care; as also a list 
of the members of Our Lodge &c. 

"We heartily regret that the Ancient & Honorable Craft is not 
on a more respectable footing (in this place) than at present it 
appears to us upon. However upon the Grand Lodges making the 
necessary enquiries therein, they may more competantly Judge how 
to redress those evils which no doubt wiU be the case 

"We shall Esteem all your future favors to us as singular Honor; 
and permit us to assure you that the strictest attention and respect 
shall constantly be paid by us. 

"I have the Honor to subscribe myself in the 
"name, & behalf of Lodge No. 40 

"Your most obedient 
" Serv' and Brother 

"Geo. Caeteb, Master" 

" Chablbston S'" Sep'- 1783 
" Most Worshipful Sir" 

" Officers and Members 

"We the Master, Officers & Brethren of Lodge No. 40, under 
your Auspices; & late St. Andrew's Lodge No. 1 &c. return you 
our Tratemal, Dutiful, and sincere thanks, for your attention to 
the prayer of our Memorial of the 8*"- July ulf- and for the Warrant 
which you were most Graciously pleased to forward to us, the 
receipt of which we embrace the earliest opportunity of acknowledg- 
ing. We have given full satisfaction to our Worshipful Brother 

" MSS., Volume H, paquet 98, folio 23. 


Edw. Weyman and to the Brethren of his Lodge No. 38, in all 
matters with which the Most Worshipful the Grand Lodge were 
pleased to Commission him relative to our Lodge (late St. Andrew's 
No. 1) at a meeting held for that purpose, the lO""- of August ulf- — 
and he presented us with your "Warrant the 13"^ Aug'- (and as 
proxy or representative for the Grand Lodge) Install'd the prop'r 
Officers, agreeable to Ancient usage, and form, &c. 

"Permit us Most Worshipful Sir & Brethren, to assure you that 
our chief studdy at all times shall be to promote the true Interest 
and Honor of the Ancient Craft, and to be Governed & be ameanble 
to the Grand laws, &; instructions, which in future you may be 
pleased to direct. 

"We most sincerely regret that the state of the Most Ancient 
Craft (in this place) is not upon a more respectable footing than 
it appears to us — there can be no doubt but that the Most Worshipful 
the Grand Lodge will have the necessary inquiries made, which we 
hope will be attended with the most salutary consequences. 

" We shall look upon ourselves as highly honor'd by receiving all 
your future commands, which shall be attended to with punctuality, 
alacrity and aU due respect. 

"We have the honor to remain with the most profound respect 
and Esteem 

"Most Worshipful Sir 
" Officers and Brethren 
"Your most obed' 
" and Humble Serv^" 
" Geo. Carter Master of Lodge No. 40 
"Sen'-- War^ 
"Jurf Ward"" 

The following report was found in the Archives; it does 
not appear when this communication was read before the 
Grand Lodge: 

"Charlestok 29th Dec'- 1783 
"& Brother 

" Tour much Esteemed favor of the 12"»- ult"»- came to hand in due 
course, and am Infinitely Oblig'd to you for your Introduction to 
" MSS., Volume H, paquet 98, foUo 20. 


IBlepptt (torn &out|^ CatoUna 

Our Valuable & Worthy Broth'- Young who is a Gentleman of real 
worth, Honor and Information. I now have the pleasure of In- 
forming you that all Differences between Lodge No 190, Ancient 
Masons and Our Lodge No. 40 are Happily accomodated, and the 
three Lodges here of Ancient Masons, Viz: Nos. 38, 40 & 190 dined 
togather & Celebrated the Festival of St. John, with Harmony, 
Order, Sobriety & Regularity. We return you and Our Worthy 
Brother Doc'- Mieh'- Jennings Our warmest thanks for the Honor 
you have done us. Permit my requesting you'l make my most 
■respefetfuU Compliments Acceptable to him. Our Lodge have Unani- 
mously confer'd the Honor on themselves of appointing you, & Our 
Brother Jennings Honorary Members of the same, in order to testifie 
their Gratitude and Esteem. 

" I should have ans*- your polite favor sooner, but waited for Our 
Election of OflScers for the ensuing six months, who are appointed 
as follows Viz'-: Thomas Pashley, Master; Jervis Henry Stevens, 
Sen'- Ward"- ; Clement Crook Blake Stevens, Jun' Ward"- 

"George Warley, Sen' Deacon; 
Dan' Mazyck, Jun'- Deac"- 
George Carter, Treasur'- 
Lambert Lance, Sec'^- 
Sam'- Sheppard, Tyler. 

" Our Master is a Steady Worthy man & I hope will do Justice 
to the Craft & to his Lodge 

"We have been under the disagreable necessity to Expel one of 
our members who has been latterly very refractory, in order to deter 
others from the like conduct, and to support Harmony & Order in 
Our Lodge. The causes were: first he apply'd to our Eoy'I Arch 
Chapter to be made therein, & afterwards ref us'd to pay the admis- 
sion fees, agreeable to our Bye Laws; and on the 21st of Nov'- last 
at a regular meeting he came to the Lodge (as Jun'- Deacon) & 
after taking his place Cloath'd & Jewel'd he got up (without any 
cause or provocation) took of his Jewel & Quit the Lodge Room 
without Asking leave from the Chair, or taking leave of the Brethren, 
and as he passt the Tyler he told him that he should never have the 
trouble of Opening the door for him, as he intended never to return 
to the Lodge. The Lodge upon this resolved that unless he made a 
prop' Apology to the Lodge the next night of meeting, that the 
Bye Laws of the Lodge should be put in force ag'- him, and instead 


of attending & so doing he abscented himself, and spoke very dis- 
respectfully of the Lodge to many of the members, who declared the 
same in Lodge, therefore the members present Unanimously came to 
the Resolution that He the said Alexander Petrie (at a meeting had 
the 5th December, 1783, at the Lodge Room) should be henceforth 
Expelled this Lodge for the same and that notice thereof shou'd be 
sent to the Grand Lodge, and to all regular Lodges of Ancient 
Masons iu Charleston assembled. Extract from the Minutes 

"I shall transmit you a List of our Members by our brother C. 

"I remain with the most profound respect and Esteem 
"Dear Sir 

"Your most Obed'- Hum" 
« Serv'- & Broth'- 
"Geo. Cabter 


'P. M. Lodge No. 40" 

We have in our Archives a manuscript folio,'^* entitled 


LODGE N. 40 

Charleston South Caeolina 

Commencing the 13* August 1783 

and Ending June 24"' 1784. 
» MSS., Volume 174, paquet 98. 


TSio^tn ot JLottst So. 40, SI, % St?. 

At the end of this folio there is a list of members of Lodge 
No. 40, June 24, 1784: 

"George Carter, Master and Treasurer 
Thomas Pashley Past Master 
Jervis Hen'''^- Stevens Sen'^- 

Clemt- C. B. Stevens Jun^ - ^<^^^^^ 

r , > Deacons. 

n'' j 
James Mittigan Sen'' 
Greenbery Hughs Jun'' 
James Miller, Secretary 
Sam' Sheppard, Tyler (but not a Member) 
Jos. Vincent Burd 
Kh*- Brook Roberts 
W" Parsons 
Tho=- Lining 
John Boomer 
John Baddeley 
Rev*- Chas. Fred. Morcau, Chaplain 

" John Lewis, Hon''- D' 

Lewis Ozier 
Jos. Raven Mathews 
Abraham Da Costa 

Jos. Howell "I „ „ , 

TV j.» Tii- 1.1 T • y Honorary Memo''' 
Doet'- Mich' Jennmg J " 

David Hopkins D" 

Andeon St. John, Honorary Memh'''- 

Isaac Delyon 

Abraham Delyon 

D' James Fallon 

James Brown 

O'Brien Smith— Totall 28 

"Geo. Cabteb, Master. 

"Errors Except." 

St. Andrew's Lodge, No. 40, became an active Masonic 
body in Charleston, and kept in touch with the Grand Lodge 
of Pennsylvania, through its representative. 

December 20, 1784. A letter was read before the Grand 
Lodge, from "the Worshipful George Carter, M"'- of Lodge 
14 193 

No. 40, likewise the Keturns of that Body; from which it 
appears that the Proceedings against Brother Alexander 
Petrie were regular and masonic. This Lodge is nevertheless 
of Opinion, that if B'' Petrie make such acknowledgements as 
may appear satisfactory, that he be again received into said 
Lodge, and that Brothers Howell and Jennings, Representa- 
tives of N°- 40, endeavor to reconcile Matters between B' 
Petrie and that Body." 

April 21, 1785. At an Extra Grand Lodge, the Secretary 
stated "that he had received the sum of 40 Dollars for "War- 
rant N"- 40, held in Charlestown. " 

December 18, 1786. "A deputation was read before Grand 
Lodge No. 40 held in Charles Town S" Carolina Authorizing 
Bros. Gavin Hamilton and "W" Delaney to represent them 
in Grand Lodge." 

September 24, 1787. At the Grand Quarterly Communica- 
tion "The Deputy Grand Master Bro Jonathan Bayard Smith 
informed the Lodge that the following Letter had been re- 
ceived from No. 40, complaining of the proceedings of the 
Grand Lodge at Carolina." 

" Chaelestoit Sotjth Carolina 27 April 1787. 
"Right WorsUpfuW 

" As there have been two General Conventions held latterly in this 
City for the purpose of Electing Grand Officers, and forming a 
Grand Lodge in this State. And as the proceedings of both Conven- 
tions were Illegal Unconstitutional, and un-Masonic in all Respects. 

" We the Members of St. Andrews Lodge No. 40 have Entered our 
regular protest against the entire of their proceedings. 

" We therefore embrace the Earhest Oportunity of informing you 
that we intend Memorial and Remonstrating to your Grand Lodge 
and laying their proceedings and Conduct before the Grand Lodges 
in America, as well as those of London and Dublin, so soon as matters 

""MSS., Volume H, paquet 98, foHo 31. 


Application tot |3e)» aaiattant 

are properly arranged for that purpose. This is done by the unani- 
mous request of Our Lodge and conformable to the Duty we owe to 
the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. 

"We have the Honor to acknowledge the Receipt of your favour 
dated the T""- Inst, (together with that of the Deputy Grand Secre- 
tary's) and in Conformity to your desire Transmit you herewith the 
Names of the Grand Offlcers who signed our Warrant viz. : William 
Adcock, Grand Master; Alex. Rutherford, D''- Grand Master; Thos. 
Procter, S''- Grand Warden; George Ord, Jun"" Gr*- Warden; Cha'- 
Young, Grand Treasurer; William Smith, Grand Secretary; Joseph 
Howell, Jun''-, Deputy Grand Secretary; dated at Philadelphia the 
12 July, 5783, and directed to Doctor George Carter, Master; Thomas 
Pashley, Sen""- Warden; William Nesbit, Junior Warden; to be held 
in the City of Charleston State of South Carolina, or within Five 
MUes of the same under the Stile & Title of St. Andrews Lodge No. 
40, recorded in Grand Lodge Book A page 253 the 12 July 1783 
A. M. 5783 signed Joseph Howell Jun' Deputy Grand Secretary. 

"As soon as Convenient to have our New Warrant forwarded 
to us, we shall look upon ourselves highly honor'd by the favour 

" Our present Officers are Jervis Henry Stevens, Master, Thomas 
Pashley, Senior Warden, Greenbury Hughes Junior Warden, George 
Harding Treasurer, Joseph Ganther Secretary. We sent our depu- 
tation to Brothers Gavin Hamilton and Will™- Delany of your City 
Early last spring 1786 as our proxies in Grand Lodge, but since 
that have never been favored with a line from them even to acknowl- 
edge their acceptance of that office, should they decline, would 
Esteem it a particular favour of you to nominate any Two Brethren 
of your Body to represent Lodge No. 40 in Grand Lodge, as I am a 
perfect stranger to all the Brethren of your Grand Lodge, who shall 
upon being known to us be furnished with proper documents for 
that purpose. 

" I have the Honor to submit myself in the name of our Lodge. 
"Right WorshipfuU Sir 

"Your Most Obedient Serv* & 
"Affectionate Brother 

"Jervis Henry Stevens, 

"Master of Lodge No. 40." 

Shortly after this letter was written, the old Warrant of 
Lodge No. 40 was returned so that it might be renewed by the 


Independent Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. It was renewed 
at once, under date of May 25, 1787, as requested by the Lodge. 

" It was then moved and Seconded, that the said Letters be referred 
to a Committee, Whereupon, the following Brethren were appointed 
a Committee, who, or any of them, are empower'd to Act upon the 
Business, viz.: J. B. Smith, G. Hamilton, A. Humphreys, Thos. 
Procter and P. Wadman." 

December 27, 1787. "On Motion and Seconded that the 
report of the Committee to whom was referred the several 
Letters and Communications mentioned in the Minutes of the 
last meeting of the Grand Lodge, Sept. 24, 1787, be recon- 
sidered by the Committee before it be forwarded to Carolina." 

June 16, 1788. At the Grand Quarterly Communication 
"The business of the Committee to whom were referred the 
Letters from Carolina, and to the same Committee was re- 
ferred a Letter from Jervis Henry Stevens, Master of St. 
Andrews Lodge N. 40, which was read and such Committee 
was ordered to prepare a Letter to the Grand Lodge in Caro- 
lina ; also, one in answer to the above Letter from N. 40 and 
transmit the same as soon as possible." 

In the meantime St. Andrew's Lodge, No. 40, surrendered 
its "Warrant of 1787, and, together with Lodges Nos. 38 and 47 
of Pennsylvania, and Nos. 190 and 236 under the Athol Grand 
Lodge of England, formed the Grand Lodge of South 

At the union of the Grand Lodges in Charleston in 1817, 
St. Andrew's Lodge, No. 40, became St. Andrew's Lodge, No. 
10, and continued to work until 1890, when it became dor- 
mant, and was dropped from their roll. 





jN June 17, 1784, the follow- 
ing letter from Bro. Thomas 
Crafts and addressed to 
Deputy Grand Master Alexander 
Rutherford, was laid before the 
Grand Lodge, enclosing a petition, 
signed by Bro. Crafts and other 
members, requesting a "Warrant for 
a Lodge to be held at Portsmouth, 
in the State of Virginia. 

"Portsmouth 26 April 1784 

" Dear Brother^ 

"Inclosed you have a Petition to 

the Grand Lodge hoping you do all 
in your power to meet Inmiediately, as the Bearer Capt° Goffigau 
of Schooner Daphne is on a Charter Party and to wait only Six 
Days, at same time I hope you make all Interest to compleate the 
same, notwithstanding I am not present to deUver the partition, 
remember an Instance when you & I was Members of the Grand 
Lodge the Petition from Baltimore came and was granted all Ex- 
penses accruing therefrom please to Call on Capt"- Gofiggan to whom 

" MSS., Vol. G, paquet 138, foUo 33. 


I have given Orders to pay, being in haste shall conclude letting you 
know your son is return'd back by Springing a Leak, Your assistance 
to the Capt°- in any thing he may want will be acknowledged as 
done to 

"Dear S'- 

"Your faithfull Brother 
" Thomas Crafts 
" If you please you may seal the Petition 
" please Excuse Blunders being in Haste." 

To THE Eight "WoBSHn-FULL the Grand Master, Deputy Grand 
Master, Senior and Junior Wardens and the best op the 
worthy members op the Grand Lodge op Free and Accepted 
Masons op Pennsylvania^ 
"The Petition of the Subscribers humbly sheweth That: Having 
the Good of the Craft at Heart & wUling to (improve in) and extend 
the same throughout the Globe, to all worthy Men desiring to be 
introduced & instructed in the Antient Craft, But being prevented to 
hold a Lodge through want of a Charter agreeable to the Ancient 
Custom, therefore hoping you will take the same into consideration 
and grant us Liberty by a Warrant under the direction of the follow- 
ing Officers and their Successors Annually chosen and your Peti- 
tioners in Duty bound will ever pray. 

" Thomas Grafts, M. 
"Willis Willson, S. W. 
" Obediah Bosworth, J. W. 
"James Hunter, Treas''- 
" Alexander Phillips, Secv- 
" Benjamin Putnam 

WTO /• Stewards 

"John Smith 


"AuG^- Slaughter, S. Deacon 
" MusHKOW, J. Deacon 
"WM- Cunningham 
" James Hammond 
" P. S — This Warrant is to hold a Lodge in the Town of Portsmouth 
in the State of Virginia. 

" To the Right Worshipf ull the Grand Master of Pennsylvania " 

Bro. Thomas Crafts was an old Member of Lodge No. 2 in 
Philadelphia. From the records of that Lodge, we learn that, 

^MSS., Vol. T, paquet 99, folio 5T. 


awarrant CBtantrt tot %otise Bo, 41, Si, g. 9?. 

upon the night that Bro. Thomas Procter was admitted a mem- 
ber of that Lodge, June 14, 1771, he at once proposed Thomas 
Crafts, who was entered July 10, 1771, in the old hall in 
Videll's Alley; passed, August 14; raised, August 14; elected 
Senior Warden, November 27; Master, December 27, 1772, 
He served as Secretary from May 12, 1773, to March 9, 1774, 
when he went to reside in Virginia. 

The petition of the Brethren, as read before the Grand 
Lodge, was unanimously agreed to, and the Grand Secretary 
was ordered to prepare the Warrant, with the names of 
Thomas Crafts as Master, Willis Wilson as Senior Warden, 
and Obadiah Bosworth as Junior Warden. 

June 26, 1784. At a Grand Lodge of Emergency. 

Agreeably to order the Grand Secretary presented a War- 
rant constituting and appointing B"'- Thomas Crafts as Master, 
Broth'- Willis Wilson as S. W., and B'- Obadiah Bosworth as 
Junior Warden of Lodge N°- 41, to be held at the Town of 
Portsmouth, in the State of Virginia, which being signed by 
the OfScers of the Grand Lodge, Brother Crafts, agreeably to 
antient Usage, was in due form installed as Master of said 
Lodge N"- 41, and returned thanks on the part of the petition- 
ing Brethren for the Honour conferred on them.^* 

December 20, 1784. At the Grand Quarterly Communica- 
tion, the following letters, addressed to the Deputy Grand 
Master, were read and approved, one enclosing £15 as pay- 
ment for Warrant No. 41, and another acknowledging receipt 
of said Warrant : 

" Portsmouth 4th August 1784 
"Dear S'^ 

"After my Arrival I summond'd the Brethren together and told 
the Warrent was compleated and I could not bring it, you not being 

°" Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 74. 
' MSS., Vol. G, paquet — , folio 34. 


in the Way at my Departure I thougM the most prudent step to 
prevent giving offence, therefore I shall expect no matter concerning 
it, win transpire from you Brother Gibbs Jones is here and expects 
to be ia Philadelphia shortly who desires to be Bearer of the Warrent 
and we think the most proper Person for the care thereof, I shall 
wrte you by hiTn in the mean time believe me to be with Brotherly 

"Your Sincere Friend 
" Thomas Crafts " 

"PoETSMOUTH 13 August '84 
" !><■ Brother* 

" Our Brother Jones calling on me at an Nonplus and could not 
stay prevents my being able to be particur in sundry things and 
Articles of Inteligence, He waits on you for our Warrent which he 
will advance you the Money pray remember me to all the Brethren 

" I remain 

"Your Faithfull 

"Beotheb T. Craits" 

"Portsmouth 14 Sepf- 1784 

" By Capt°- Bombary We send you the Money for the Warrent 
that is in your possession which was Granted to a Lodge to be held 
here No 41 as your Abstenee has been means of our not receiving it; 
has been disagreeable to some of the Members and the Fault or De- 
ficiency seems to redound on me — Notwithstanding I have declared 
that every matter relative thereto was finished and I was Instaled 
Master of that Lodge and Officers thereto subscribed 

"I remain 

«Dr gr 

« Your Faithful Brother 

"and Friend 

"Thomas Crafts 

" Alexander Rutherford 
"Deputy Grand Masf- 
" Philadelphia 

*IUd., folio 35. 

• MS9., Vol, T, paquet 99, folio 58. 


€tttmciitt& ot JioHt Bo> 41, SL, H. 9?. 

" N. B. Please to Seal & Enclose the Warrent & send by Capt" 

Endorsed : 

" Capt" Bombary, Stampen's Worff, a Skipper from Verginey " 

" Portsmouth Virginia 12 DeC '84 
" Dear S''" 

" Time not permitting must be brief, have only at present to In- 
form you we have formed our Body and have Initiated sundry 
Gentlemen as Members the Bearer Capf- GoflBgan is one but very 
lately; therefore I hope you wiU receive him as such as believing that 
he will make a Worthy Member. The Grand will be informed of our 
proceedings next Opportunity, by that time I hope we shall have all 
matters fixed; for my part I have made myself equal to a Slave to 
get things on its proper Basis and form a Lodge in due Order but 
ever being willing the Dignity of the Craft shall ever be kept up 
shall spare no pains to see they act on the Square. 

" I remain D' Brother 
" Yours 

" Thomas Ceapts. 
" P. S. — ^Excuse imperfections in haste. 

My Love to the G:M: and all the 

Brethren & Accept the same yourself 

My Tamily all at present are Well. 

" Dear S' — I should be glad you would introduce Capt° Goffigan to 
Colonel Procter," 

The following certificates of Lodge No. 41 were found in 
our Archives: 


" We do hereby certify that Brother Edward Hansford is a regular 
registered Free Mason in Lodge No. 41 in the Town of Portsmouth 
m Virginia & has been raised to the degree of Master Mason; that 
during his stay amongst us he has behaved himself as a worthy 

•MSS., Vol. T, paquet 99, folio 59. 
' MSS., Vol. J, paquet 54, folio 53. 


Brother — and as such, we recommend him to all the Brethren round 
the Globe. 

" Given under our hands and Seal of the Lodge this 
SEAL 21st day of September in the year of our Lord Christ 

1785 and in the year of Masonry five thousand seven 

hundred and eighty-five 

" Thomas Ceatts Masf- 
"JosH- Holmes Pro Tern, Sen''- Warden 
" James Huntbb Jun'' Warden pro. tern. 
" Thomas Bland, Secv" 

" We the Master, Wardens &e of Lodge No 41, Held in Portsmouth 
Virginia Do Certify that the Bearer hereof John Wilson, Was regu- 
larly entered, passed & raised to the Sublime degree of a Master 
Mason, Li -which Character he has behaved as a Worthy Brother. 
Our Zeal for the Craft induces us to Eecommend him to the Fraternal 
Love and Affection of the Worshipfull Lodges of the Universe. Li 
Testimony Whereof We have hereunto Signed our Hands and Affixed 
our Seal of the said Lodge this Sixteenth day of July in the Year of 
our Lord One thousand Seven Hundred & Ninety & of Masonry Mve 
thousand Seven Hundred & Ninety.* 

" James Haepee, Master 
SEAL Nathaniel Coopee, S. W. 

Paul Dale Luke, /. W. 

"Attested Alex^- Phillips, Secretary." 

That the Brethren of Lodge No. 41, tinder the Grand Lodge 
of Pennsylvania, and later Virginia, did not have the territory 
to themselves, is shown by the fact that the ' ' Great Orient of 
Prance" also claimed jurisdiction in Eastern Virginia, and 
there established an "Orient de Portsmouth, en Virginie, Etat 
de I'Amerique du Nord, ou regne le Silence, I'Union, et la 

This was in the latter part of the eighteenth century. The 
distinctive title of the subordinate body was "The Provincial 

' MSS., Vol. K, paquet 55, foUo 35. 


O - 

^ -5 -a p 3 
' 1 J 2: ^ -a 

. _ ;:_, in 5r ii I 
■ r„ <U p I I i ^ . 

^^- I'i 9 lit'? •l|-3 1- ■ = Hi '^^- "" «■ 









UJ (5 

i § 
^ i 

















laosttet of %oHe Mo> 4t, Si. $. 91^. 

Lodge of Wisdom No. 2660." How long it existed is not 
known. Our chief information of this Lodge is gleaned from 
an old parchment in our Archives, dated the sixth of the 
second Month of the year 5795, which is reproduced in reduced 
facsimile upon the opposite page. 

Register of Lodge No. 41, Held at Portsmouth, Va. 

When Initiated 
Name. or 


Thomas Crafts, 

A. 1784, June 26, P. M. Master 1784. 

Willis Wilson, 

A. 1786, July 3, P. M. 

Obediah Bosworth, 

A. 1784, June 26. 

James Harper, 

I. 1784, Dee. 4, P.M. 

Nathaniel Cooper, 

I. P. M. 

Paul D. Luke, 

John Wilson, 

I. 1788, June 3. 

John Mushrow, 

A. 1786, Apr. 19. 

WiUiam Crooker, 

I. 1785, Apr. 20, P.M. 

James Marno, 

I. 1788, June 2. 

William Kim, 

A. 1785, Apr. 25. 

Alexander Phillips, 

A. 1784, July 17. 

William Cimningham, 

William Goochild, 

I. 1786, Apr. 19. 

Thomas HiU, 

I. 1786, Apr. 19. 

George Beal, 

I. 1786, Mar. 15. 

Laban GofiSgon, 

I. 1784, Dec. 4. 

Davis Davis, 


William King, 

I. 1786, Feb. 4, F. C. 

WiUiam Stokes, 

L 1786, June 27, F. C. 

Thomas Simpson, 

L 1785, Jan. 20. 

Joshua Hains, 

I. 1788, June 12. 

Thomas Adams, 


Benjamin Crow, 

I. 1788, Aug. 27, F. C. 

Henry Kain, 


John Bisom, 

I. 1788, May 13, P. M. 

John Lybum, 


Ralph Goffigon, 

I. 1785, Feb. 17. 

Thomas Bland, 

I. 1785, Feb. 17. 


S>lh 99a0onit llotig{0 ot p^nnsislbania 

Samuel Westeoat, 
Josiah Parker, 
John Beal, 
Joseph Fulgiom, 
Samuel Brown, 
Isaiah Moody, 

I. 1785, Dee. 21. 
A. 1784, Dec. 23, F. C. 
A. 1790, May 26. 

I. 1790, June 5. 

I. 1790, June 5. 

I. 1786, Mar. 15. 

This Lodge was vacated April 7, 1806. 

Seal of the Lodge Established at Poetsmouth, Vikqinia, in 1795, 
THE Geand Okient OP Fkance. 





HE earliest records of Freemasonry 
in Georgia is found upon the Rec- 
ords of the Grand Lodge of Eng- 
land, "Moderns," wherein it is 
stated that : 

" The Charity of the Society was 
solicited in the Grand Lodge of Eng- 
land — December 31, 1733 — ^to enable 
the trustees of the new colony ' to 
send Distressed Brethren to Georgia, 
where they may be comfortably pro- 
vided for.' In 1735, a deputation to 
M"" Roger Lacy, for constituting a Lodge at Savannah, was granted 
by Lord Weymouth. This — the second American Lodge on the 
English roll — was doubtless the body referred to by Whitfield in his 
diary, where he records under June 24, 1738 (Savannah), 'was 
enabled to read prayer and preach with power before the Free- 
masons, with whom I afterwards dined.' In all, three English war- 
rants were issued for Savannah. Grey Elliot was appointed Prov. 
G. M. by Lord Aberdour (1757-61), and he was succeeded by the 
Hon. Noble Jones about the year 1772." 

" The Charity of the Society was solicited in the Grand Lodge of 
England — ^December 31, 1733 — to enable the trustees of the new 
colony *to send Distressed Brethren to Georgia, where they may be 


SDlh St^a^ontc JLoise& of penn^^Ibanta 

comfortably provided for.' In 1735, a deputation to M"" Roger Lacy, 
for constituting a Lodge at Savannah, was granted by Lord Wey- 
mouth. This — the second American Lodge on the English roU — ^was 
doubtless the body referred to by Whitfield in his diary, where he 
records under June 24, 1738 (Savannah), 'was enabled to read 
prayer and preach with power before the Freemasons, with whom I 
afterwards dined.' In all, three English warrants were issued for 
Savannah. Grey Elliot was appointed Prov. G. M. by Lord Aber- 
dour (1757-61), and he was succeeded by the Hon. Noble Jones 
about the year 1772." 

There is a curious entry found in one of the old Moravian 
diaries at Bethlehem, in Pennsylvania, telling the story of 
two Zinzendorf missionaries, who itinerated, in the early 
forties of the eighteenth century, among the Germans who 
had settled in Georgia, and there met a Freemason. This 
entry related to a Masonic pioneer, Bro. Mackary [sic], who, 
it appears, was living in the country, away from village or 

The names of these two Moravians were Leonhard SchneU 
and Robert Hussey, who, like all the Moravian missionaries 
at that time, were obliged to keep a record of their daily 
events and experiences. At the time in question, they were 
journeying from South Carolina into Georgia, where there 
were several settlements of Germans. The entry pertinent to 
our story is as follows : 

"December 22, 1743.. After passing Georgetown, and crossing a 
large stream, and passing through a dense swamp, we travelled 
eight miles, we came upon solid ground, where in a nearby house, we 
again refreshed ourselves with our own bread and potatoes, and 
after a further journey of twelve miles, we arrived at an English- 
man's house, where we remained over night. Our host's name was 
Makary, a Freemason. Who told us much about his Brotherhood, 
how they aided and assisted each other, and when one coming from 
America, met another from Africa, they could recognize one another. 

" They, however, were obliged to bind themselves with an Oath, not 
to reveal any of their Mysteries. 


SLn Catlg 9?aiefonfc Wittotrt 

"1 said, *I am also a Brother and belong to a Brotherhood.' 
Whereupon, he looked me in the face and said that there was nothing 
about me to indicate or prove, that I was a Freemason, I then told 
him, that my Brqtherhood, consisted entirely of Sinners, who hath 
sought Grace, and a remission of their sins in the blood of Jesus. 

" Whereupon he remained silent for a time, and then began to talk 
about other matters." 

It would be interesting if some further light could be thrown 
upon this early Masonic pioneer, Brother Makary, who, at 
that early day, settled in the wilds of Oglethrope's colony, and 
there, in the wilderness, kept alive his Masonic affiliation, at 
least in his memory. Whether Bro. Makary was brought to 
true Masonic light in England or in one of the early Lodges 
of the "Modems" in Georgia, or could he have been, per- 
chance, one of those "distressed Brethren" who were sent to 
Oglethorpe's colony by the Grand Lodge of England, remains 
an unsolvable problem, as there is no certainty that even the 
name is correctly given in the German Diary of Bruder 

The first record we have of "Ancient" Freemasonry in 
Georgia appears in the letters and petition, sent in 1784, to 
the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania by several Brethren in 
Savannah, which resulted in the issue to them of a Warrant, 
Number 42, upon the Roster of the Grand Lodge of Penn- 
sylvania, this is shown by the Minutes .of the Extra Grand 
Lodge, held October 29, 1784, when the letter given below, 
directed to the Grand Secretary was read from Bro. Justus 
Herman Scheuber, Acting Secretary to the Brethren named 
in the accompanying petition, for a Warrant to hold a Lodge 

in Savannah, Georgia. 

" Savannah 23« August 1784 
"Dear Brother^ 

" Our last address to the Grand Lodge was a Petition for a War- 
rant, to hold a Lodge in this Place with impatience we wait for the 
ensuing Quarterly Communication f or an Answer. 

'ma., folio 53. 207 

" Since our address with the Approbation and Concurrence of the 
Antient Lodges in South Carolina, we eagerly pursue the Business 
of the Craft. 

"It being represented to the Lodge, that Hyman Eeason, is in 
great Demand, and worthy the attention of all Antient Lodges, it 
excited the Lodge, to order me to write You for two Books of that 
Edition, published by order of the Grand Lodge of Philadelphia — 

" Capt Cassen is directed to pay any Demands You may have 
against the purchasing the Books, which are earnestly requested, to 
be sent us by the first oppertunity 

" Your compliance will greatly oblige the Lodge but in particular 
" Your 

"Friend and Brother 

" Justus Habtmak Scheuber 
" Secretary 
" Howell Esqr Secretary to Grand Lodge of Antient York Masons 
in the City of Philadelphia" 

" Georgia, 21"* June 1784 

" To THE Eight "Worshipful Grand Master and Other Officers 
OF THE Grand Lodge in the City of Philadelphia.^ 

" The Petition of the Subscribers Citizens of the town of Savannah 
of State Aforesaid. 

" Humbly Sheweth 

" That they have been initiated, pas* & Eais* to the sublime degree 
of Master Masons in a Eegularly constituted Lodge of Ancient York 
Masons — ^being desirous of perfecting themselves in the Business of 
the Graft promoting the grand designs of the Institution 

" We beg leave to inform you 

" That there is no Eegular Lodge of Ancient Masons in this State, 
and only one of Modems, by which means we are unable to enjoy 
many of the privileges, and Advantages of the Masonic Institution. 

" Therefore Eight Worshipful, Worshipful and Worthy Brethren 
— ^We crave assistance: and beg you to grant us a Constitution 
Agreeable to the Ancient regulations of the Fraternity, and forward 
the same to us as soon as possible. At a meeting of the Brethren 
for the purpose of Nominating OfBcers, Brother Thomas Elfe, was 

»MSS., Vol. U, paquet 100, foUo 55. 


^ttition to (Btanit Hottet ot penmefslbanfa 

chosen Master. Bro"' Oliver Lewis Sen' War*" & Bro"' Balthaser 
Shafier Jun' Warden. Brother Paul Snider, has sign* a Certificate 
in our favour and is known to many of you we doubt not you will 
pay due faith and credit to the same The Expence &e of Granting 
us a Constitution we will punctually remit to you, and beg the advice 
& Directions of your Et Worshipful Lodge at all times 

" With Eespect and Esteem we are Brethren your Cordial Friends 
and Humble Servants. 

" Thomas EiiPB 
" Oliver Lewis 
"Bai/thaser Shaiter 
" Edward Walsh 
"Justus Hartman Scheubee 
" AbrM- Da Costa 
"Ben Wilson 
" Ralf Db Pass 
" Smith Clabendon 

"I do hereby Certify that the Brethren who have sign* the fore- 
going Petition have been Regularly Initiated, pass* and Raise* in 
Regularly Constituted Lodges, and do Reeomend them to Your 
Worshipful Grand Lodge as Brethren worthy of your Notice 

" .•/.•/Paul Sntdeb 

" To William Adcock Esquire 
Grand Master of the Grand Lodge 

Endorsed : 


f r* b B th 1 " ^"^ "^^^ '^'^^ 

_ , ^^ , y " Letter from Savannah Soliciting 

John Parks J a Warrant" 

The petition, as will be seen, is dated June 21, 1784. As 
the Brethren in Savannah did not receive a prompt reply — the 
despatch of the mails between these two points being irregular 
and uncertain — a second letter was sent, by another sea cap- 
tain. This was dated August 23, 1784. Both of these Com- 
munciations were read before the Grand Lodge, October 29, 

15 209 

After the above petition and letter were read, it wasiresolved, 
that the Grand Lodge could not consider them as regularly 
constituted, but as the Brethren highly respect them, Bros. 
Farrel, Farmer and Howell, were appointed a committee to 
answer their letter. 

Bro. Joseph Howell, the Grand Secretary, made the follow- 
ing reply to the letter of Bro Seheuber : 

« Sir & Brother^ " Philadelphia 1»' November 1784 

" The address of the 21=' June of a number of Brethren in 
Savanna and yours to me of the 23* August last I laid before the 
Grand Lodge the 29"' ult. 

" The Grand Lodge are perfectly willing to comply with your 
desire but are prevented for the present by a Resolve of theirs which 
requires the money to be paid for the Warrant at the time of delivery 
otherwise the Secretary is to be accountable. I have informed the 
Brethren of this. The Committee appointed to Answer the address 
by Letter & which will accompany this — ^With your Letter I received 
a Guinea this sum I suppose was sent by you altho not mentioned 
in your Letter. I have sent you two Books of Hyman Reason pub- 
lished by Order of the G. L of Pennsylvania the price of which is 
two dollars, the balance 20/ I shall retain untiU I shall have the 
pleasure of hearing from you. 

" This Letter will be forwarded to you by our worthy Brother 
Geo Reid who leaves the City tomorrow for Charles Town where he 
will reside in a pubHc Capacity, if no early opportunity offers from 
Savannah I request you will send your letters to Mr Reid who will 
forward them & I flatter myself he will arrive in sufficient time to 
transmit this and receive your answer before the Departure of 
Cap" AUibone who is now at Charles Town 
" I am with esteem 

" Your Bro'' & Hbl Ser 

« J. Howell " 

Endorsed : 

" Copy Letter (42) 
to Justus Hartman Seheuber 
1 Nov 1784 Savannah 
P. Geo Reid." 

^lUd, folio 50. 


fLotist Mo, 42, SL, H. 9?. 

This letter, together with the following report of the Com- 
mittee appointed by the Grand Lodge, was sent to the Brethren 
in Georgia : 

" Gentlemen- " ^^^^^ ^ November 1784 

"Your Letter of the 21' June last was laid before the Grand 
Lodge the 29' ult° and in answer thereto — We are directed by the 
G* Lodge to inform you of their chearfuUness to comply with the 
prayer of your Petition but are deprived for the present in con- 
sequence of a fixed Resolve of theirs, wherein it is expressed ' that 
all Warrants hereafter granted by this Grand Lodge shall be paid 
for before deUvery of the same, otherwise the Secretary to be held 

" We shall be extremely glad to hear from you as soon as possible, 
and if your wish continues to have a Warrant you will please send 
the sum of fifteen pounds this Currency that being the fixed price. 
You are also requested to inform us if Bro' Paul Snyder still resides 
with you, as it will be necessary to send a Dispensation for him to 
Install the W Master &c before you can proceed to work. 

" This Letter is honored by our Worthy Brother George Raid 
Esq. who will reside at Charles Town in a public Capacity, this 
Gentleman we recommend you to for any advice you may have occa- 
sion for, he will take charge of any Letters for the Grand Lodge or 
either of us. 

" Signed Lewis Paemeb 

" Patrick Fberall \- Committee " 
"John Howell 

" Attest Thomas Else 
Oliver Lewis 


The Brethren in Savannah, not having received the two 
above Communications from Philadelphia by the latter part 
of November, sent the following letter to the Grand Lodge : 

" Savannah Georgia November 23'* 1784 
"In the year of Masonry 5784 
" Honotired Brother^ 

" Some time in June last, our Body of Ancient York Masons, then 
first convened in this State, had the Honour to send the Original of 

*IMd., foUo 56. 
'Ihid, folio 57. 


the inclosed Copy of a Petition, to your Right "Worshipfull Grand 
Lodge for a Constitution, which was forwarded hence by Capt 

" Also on the 23* of August I did myself the Honour, by order of 
the Body of Ancient Masons, to remind you of this Bussiness, and 
besides requested you, the Purchase of — and remitting unto us, Two 
Volumes of Hyman Reason, as published by order of Tour R. W. 
Grand Lodge, for which Captain Brother Casson who received the 
Letter, had engaged, and was qualified to make you the requsite 

" Our Body is at present under just Doubts, Whether these Letters 
were ever received by you, for certainty in this instance, you should 
have favoured us, by so many opportunities we have had from your 
quarter, with a Receipt of them. 

" I am therefore ordered by the Body so convened, to request you, 
to be pleased, to lay this our Petition before the next quarterly 
Communication, and to forward as speedely as possible unto us, the 
wished for and with anciety long expected Constitution. 

" The Expenses & accruing on this Bussiness wUl be punctually 
and instantly remitted unto You which I beg leave to assure on my 
Honour as a Mason shall be done, immediately we know the amount 
of them. 

" Whatever may be the Reason of our not having been honoured 
with an Answer; I hope Tou will be kind enough, and I claim it 
from you as a Brother Mason, in the name of our Body, to acquaint 
us of it. 

" To shew the good opinion entertained of us by our Brethren 
abroad give me Leave, as one instance to inclose the Copy of a Letter 
from Lodge No 38 in Charleston. 

"Nothing retards the Noble Business of the Craft being eagerly 
pursued by us, but the want of the Constitution, which we hope wiU 
be no longer withheld from us; and in these Hopes I am with great 
Esteem and regard and true Brotherly Love 
"Honoured Brother 
" Your Cordial friend & Brother 
" Justus H. Scheubeb Secretary 
"to the Body of Ancient York Masons 
" so convened in Savannah 

"N. B. 
" Should the Pees of the Constitution 
be absolutely necessary, before sending 


EoftBt /^o, 42, a. g, 9?, 

a member of our Body, has wrote to 
our worthy Brother Major Charles Young, 
who I do not doubt will acquaint you 
of it" 

" Mr Jacob Howel 

Grand Secretary to the R W Grand Lodge 
Acient York Masons of Pennsylvania 

favored by Cap* Giffird "• 

In the Minutes of the Quarterly Communication of the 
Grand Lodge, held December 20, 1784, we find that this letter 
was duly received, and acted upon : 

"Ordered, That the G*- Secretary prepare a Warrant, with the 
name of Thomas Else as Master, Oliver Lewis as Sen'- Warden, and 
Belthaser S chaffer as Junior Warden of N"- 42, to be held at 
Savannah, in the State of Georgia, and to be dated Ocf- 29th, 1784." 

After considerable delay, the letters from Bro. Howell, and 
the Conunittee were received by the Brethren in Savannah, 
and were immediately responded to, as shown by the following 
letter : 

" Savanah 12*'' January 1785 
" Sir and Brother' 

"Your favour, as also the Letter of the R W Grand Committee, 
were received here the 7"" inst and laid before the convention of 
Ancient York Masons, were it diffused General Satisfaction, on find- 
ing our Bussiuess so far advanced. 

"Li regard to the money not being sent with the Petition, was 
for want of knowing the amount, and your Bight WorshipfuU Grand 
Lodges, Resolve respecting it 

"I am ordered to transmit to you by Capt Casson the Bearer 
here of Thirty Eight Dollars, which with the Balance in your Hands 
as per your last, will amount to the £15. The sum Demanded. 

' These letters were all sent by captains of coasting vessels. 
' MSS., Vol. U, paquet 100, folio 54. 


" Brother Paul Snyder, tho' a Resident in Charleston has promised 
us, to do the ofiBee of Installation 

"We are proud of your Recommodation of Brother George Reid 
Esq'' and wish to be personally acquainted with that Gentlemen, in 
the meantime we shall be happy, of holding a Correspondence with 
your R W. Grand Lodge — as also to be favored with any instructions 
from you through him. 

" To conclude we earnestly request Your Kind and speedy atten- 
tion in forwarding us the Constitution, as nothing else prevents the 
eager Pursuit of the Bussiness of the Craft 
" I have the Honor to be 
" Sir & Brother 
" Your very humble & most obdeint Servant. 

"Justus H Scheubee Secry 

"By order of the Body of Ancient York Masons so Convened in 
Georgia To Br Joseph Howell Jun'r Grand Secry favored by Capt. 
Casson. together with 38 Dollars in Specie " 

" Read March 28 — 85 From Br H. Scheuber in Savannah." 

Upon the receipt of Bro. Scheuber 's remittance, the appli- 
cation was again brought before the Grand Lodge at the next 
Quarterly Communication, held March 28, 1785 : 

" A Letter from B''- Justus H. Scheuber to the Secretary was read, 
forwarding 38 dollars for Warrant N°- 42, which was paid to the 
Grand Treasurer. The Warrant was produced and signed by the 
Grand Officers." 

The Warrant was sent forthwith, with the following letter 
from the Grand Secretary : 

" PhtTiAdelphia the 31 March 1785 
" Dear Sir^ 

" Your favor of the 12* Jany with thirty eight dollars c/o Capt 
Casson came safe to hand. 

'Ibid, folio 59. 


'Sntttt^Uns €otu0vontimtt 

"1 now do myself the pleasure to inclose you the Warrant Con- 
stituting Lodge N» 42 to be held in Savannah as also a Dispensation 
for brother Paul Snyder to Install the Officers of said Lodge — ^You 
■will observe the Dispensation Mentions the Officers Agreeably to 
"Warrant, but as I am informed that Bro Oliver Lewis the proposed 
S. W. died since the Application was made — ^I am authorized to 
inform the Master and Brethren of Your Lodge that when Bro 
Snyder opens the Lodge and installs the Master & J W. the Mem- 
bers of Lodge No 42 will then make choice of a Brother in the 
Koom of our Deceased Brother which Brother wUl be Installed by 
hiTn in like manner. 

"I shall be happy to hear from you by every opportunity but 
more especially to acknowledge the receipt of this with enclosures. 

" As Brother Snyder at Charleston, I think it would be most 
prudent for you to write him & send a Copy of the Dispensation 
least any accedent might attend the Original however this you will be 
the best judge of. 

" You will please observe that for every person Initiated in your 
Lodge that the G Lodge is to receive 5/ this money for such Initiaten 
& 4/ ^ Year from each member to be applied to the Charity Fund 
I am in hopes to have sent you by this conveyance a few copies 
of the sermon that was delivered before the Brethren on St John's 
Day last, but on application to the Printer they will not be ready for 
delivery previous to Capt Cassons — departure 

" I by my best complements may be presented to the Brethren of 

"Yours Sincerely 

" J Howell Jun'e 

" Bro Justus H. Scheuber 
" Savannah " 

Endorsed : 

"Draft of a Letter from G* Secretary 

Philad^ 31 March 1785 
to Justus H Scheuber Sec'y 

Lodge N" 42 " 

We next have the following interesting correspondence be- 
tween the Brethren of Lodge No. 42, at Savannah, and the 
Grand Lodge. Referring to the different dates, we see how 


slow and uncertain the communication was between the States, 
at that early day of our national existence. As will be seen 
the letters were all delivered through the medium of the cap- 
tains of the various trading sloops, or coasting vessels. 

" Savannah ll'" May 1785 
" Sir & Brother 

"Agreable to Orders from the Wf' Master & the Brethren of 
Lodge N° 42 I do myself the honour to reply to yours of the 31'* 
March 1785. Directed to Brother J H Scheuber then Secretary and 
which we had the pleasure to receive together with the Warrant, 
Dispensation &c. Brother Snyder arrived from Charleston did in 
the 7"" Instant install the different officers agreeable to your 

" With Hearts truly inspired & elated we dedicated the Lodge to 
the Grand Architect of the Universe; Confiding in his divine assist- 
ance, we hope to rear the Building by the hands of Philanthropy, 
and Cement our work with the Mortar of human kindness. 

" We shall pay the most pointed attention to the observation of 
your commands & regularly transmit our Annual Dues & such occur- 
rences as may be worth your notice. 

" We beg leave to request an account of the Lodges holding from 
your right Worshipfull Grand Lodge in America 

" With due Eespect I have the honour to be Sir & Brother 
" Yours Sincerely 

"Ulrio Tobler 

" Joseph Howell Jun"" Esq' 
. "Philadelphia" 

Endorsed : 

« rec* 20 May 1785 
answered June 4. 1785 " 

(There does not appear any record upon the Minutes of the 
Grand Lodge, that this letter was brought before that body. 
It appears to have been answered by Bro. Howell, the Grand 
Secretary, shortly after its receipt, as noted upon the back of 
the letter.) 


Jnttttfttins €ottefi9on'utnte 

" PhiladA ^ih June 1785, 
" Sir £ Brother'' 

" This acknowledges the receipt of your favor of the 11* May last, 
and have agreable to your request inclose you three Sermons preached 
last S' Johns Day before the Brethren, subjoined to each is a list of 
the present Grand Officers as also of the Lodges, under the Jurisdic- 
tion of the G Lodge of Pennsylvania. 

" As I expect to move to New York shortly I must request you to 
direct any Letters you may send the G Lodge, to WiUiam Adcock 
Esquire G* Master 

" Wishing prosperity & happiness to the Brethren of Lodge No 42, 
and that they may work together in all brotherly affection 
" I subscribe myself their Brother 

"& Hbl Servant, 

" J Howell Jr. 
Ulric Tobler Sec 

Endorsed : 

"June 4^1785 (Copy) 
to M' Ulrie Tobler Secy 
No 42 " 

(It was not until toward the end of November, 1785, that 
word was received by the Grand Lodge that the sermons had 

been duly received.) 

« Savannah W Nov' 1785. 
" To the Right WorshipfuTi^" 

"The Grand Master and Other Officers of the Grand Lodge of 

"Yours of the 4* June accompanying three Sermons we only 
rece* 12"' Inst 

"Deriving our Constitution from your Honourable Lodge, We 
think it our duty to apprise you of every circumstance that may in 
the Least affect Masonry. 

" It is with much heartfelt concern that any ancient Mason should 
lay himself open to eensur of any species more particul arly that of 

'Ibid, folio 57. 
^Ibid., folio 58. 


acting as we presume Ineonsistant and to his obligation and every 
principle of Masonry. It has been Reported to us, and we are 
afraid with too much truth, That Certain Ancient Brethren now 
members of a Modern Lodge held in this place have been Initiating 
Persons in the Antient Mysteries of Masonry — ^We have summond 
Brother Bucroft three times to attend our Lodge to account for his 
conduct — ^Whom we hear acts as Master on those Occasions, and as 
often has he evaded obeying such Summons 

" As no Ancient Lodge Except that of No 42 is held in this Place, 
that has come to our knowledge — ^We Beg Leave to Request as a 
Lodge that has The Welfare of Masonry Sincerely at Heart that 
this Letter should be Read to the members Present at your quarterly 
communication — ^As likewise your Sentiments Respecting the Con- 
tents of the same 

" With our Respects — and By Order of The Worshipful Master 
and this Lodge 

" I Subscribe Myself 
"Your Affectionate Brother 
" and very Humble Serv' 

" John Pancock Secy 
"F T 
" William Adcoek Esquire 
Grand Master 

of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania 
Held in 

PhUadelphia " 

Endorsed : 

« 15 Nov 1785. 
Letter from Savannah 

respect to the conduct of the members of Lodge 42 " 

This letter was read before the Grand Lodge, on St. John's 
Day, December 27, 1785, whereupon it was agreed, "That a 
Letter be prepared by the Committe, appointed to form By- 
Laws, in answer to Brother John Pancock, the Secretary of the 
Lodge in Savannah, giving such Admonition as may appear 
Necessary on the Occasion." 

The Brethren in Savannah, not having received any response 


m,tpott ttom JloHe Bo, 42, si. g. 

from the Grand Lodge by May of the following year, sent the 
following letter to Grand Master Adcock : 

" Savannah W-^ May 5786 
" Bight Worshipful Grand Master^''- 

"Brother Howell Grand Secretary in his last advised us of his 
Intention for New York and that we should direct our future Cor- 
respondence to yourself, in consequence of which & by order of 
Lodge No 42. I now do myself the Honour to address you, and 
beg leave to inform you that our last of November past directed to 
yourself, was by Brother Capt. McKerdy, via Baltimore, in it our 
duty compels us, to Apprise your Right Worshipful Grand Lodge 
of what we then conceived the Misconduct of a Brother should that 
Letter not have come to hand we beg leave briefly to recapitulate, 
and afterwards explain ourselves on that head. 

"We then did inform you that Brother Bucroft — together with 
some other Ancient Masons, Members of Solomons Lodge of this 
place, at that time a Modem Lodge did intiate the members of that 
Lodge who were Modems, into the mysteries of the Ancient Craft. 

" As we at that Time knew of no Authority he had for so doing we 
several Times, in vain desired his attendance at our Lodge to inform 
us by what Authority he had acted in the manner aforesaid — Some- 
time after, and previous to last St John's day our Worshipful 
Master received a letter from the Worshipful Master of Solomons 
Lodge informing him that, altho' they had hitherto worked as 
Modems their Constitution was ancient, and we being apprised that 
the Grand & Deputy Grand Masters of their Grand Lodge were 
Ancient Masons, Our Worshipful Master was requested to examine 
their Constitution & which if he found to be ancient to acknowledge 
them as such they having already been made by the Brethren before 
attended to — Our Worshipful Master being satisfied that the Con- 
stitution was ancient! we, on St Johns day joined them in pro- 
cession and for some time after that period there was a Mutual Inter- 
course between the Lodges. 

" We beg that we may be fully understood by your right Worship- 
ful Grand Lodge, that altho', we have acknowledged them ancients 
the propriety of which we respectfully Submit to you we do not 
entertain the most distant Idea of casting off our dependence on that 
Body from whom we derive our Existence as a Lodge, we can only 

'^liid, foUo 63. 


acknowledge the Authority of their Grand Lodge over those holding 
from it. 

" We place to the Credit of the right Worshipful Grand Lodge, 
for the Initiation of Twenty five & the arrears of Twenty Seven 
Brethren, and should have long since remitted had we known who 
was Grand Treas""- since St Johns day last, when these arrears be- 
came due and which we respectfully be leave to be informed of in 
order that we may take the first good opportunity that offers to 
forward same. 

" I beg leave to conclude with requesting the Honour of a con- 
tinued and as far as possible punctual intercourse and have the 
Honour to be 

" By Order of Lodge No 42 
" Eight Worshipful Grand Master 
" Your Affectionate Brother 
"ad Most Obedient Serv* 

"Mat^ Johnston 
" Seety PT 

" To William Adcock Esq 
Grand Master 
of the Grand Lodge of 
Pennsylvania " 

This letter was read before the Grand Lodge at the Quar- 
terly Communication, June 12, 1786, whereupon it was 
"ordered that the Grand Secretary reply to the same, and is 
requested to make out, and transmit the Statement of their 
accounts to them." 

The next communication we have from Lodge No. 42, 
received by the Grand Lodge, was the following letter from 
Bro. Thomas Blfe, Master of Lodge No. 42, informing the 
Grand Lodge that they had taken a Warrant from the Grand 
Lodge in Georgia. This letter was read before the Grand 
Lodge at the ^Quarterly Communication, March 31, 1788. No 
action seems to have been taken in the matter : 


Stttma^onvg in CStotsia 

" Sir & Brother^^ 

"We received your friendly communication by Brother Proctor, 
with the sermons and prayers for which we are much obliged. 
There having existed for years past, several Lodges in this State, 
under a Grand Lodge of very early date, constituted by England; 
they come to the resolution prior to the last St Johns day of estab- 
lishing an independent jurisdiction, similar to the proceeding adopted 
by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvani 

" Feeling an attachment to a jurisdiction so local, and perceiving 
benefits must flow to the craft among us, in the possession of a fund 
from which immediate relief could be had to the distressed in this 
part of America, the certainty of prompt redress, correction and a 
general and friendly intercourse between the several Lodges here 
we concurred in the Measure 

" In addition to these reasons the certainty of the proper establish- 
ment of the orginal Lodge of this state ; which fully authorized was 
in the practice of constituting particular Lodges, many years prior to 
the late war: their work at present being perfectly ancient knowing 
also that the Grand Lodge Pennsylvania would encourage such 
dispositions as they tend to strengthen our independence and will be 
a means of universal intercourse between the several Masonic Com- 
munities in the United States 

" We would with pleasure transmit you the arrears due by Lodge 
42 but an emission of paper Money which has considerably depre- 
ciated prevents it, at present however we shall take the earliest oppor- 
tunity of discharging those necessary dues. 

" Happy in having had a correspondence, we wish for a continu- 
ation of it 

« Tho desunited with respect to authority, we are still the same in 

every sentiment of esteem for our original institutions We feel the 

same friendly wishes for the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania that we 

formerly had " We remain 

« Worthy Sir & Brother 

" Your Brother 

,,„,„. " Thomas Elfe Ma*'' 

" Savannah Georgia 

May 25* 1787 


J B Smith D G M 


" Honored by Col Proctor " 

' Ibid, folio 66. 


Endorsed : 

" Letter from Tho= Elf e 
Mas'' of No 42 in Georgia 
rec* July 7* 1787 
read 31=* March 1788 
formed a Gr: Lo: there 
& of their arrearages" 

" Savannah 26* May 5795 
" Bight Worshipful Sir, and Brother^^ 

"By direction of Hirams Lodge N" 2. under the jurisdiction of 
the Grand Lodge of Georgia formerly No 42 under your jurisdiction; 
I address you on the subject af a Balance of Arrears due by Lodge 
N° 42 to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, which appears to be 
51 *^ /loo*'' dollars, and which will be paid you by the Bearer of this, 
our worthy Brother Joseph Habersham Esq — This Balance has been 
a long time due, and it is with peculiar regret, I observe that the 
funds of Lodge N" 42 have hitherto been insufBcient to the pajrment 
thereof — ^A line from your Grand Treasurer acknowledging the pay- 
ment now made will confer a favor on Eight Worshipful Sir . 
" Your M» Ob* Servant 

" EiCH^ MiLLEB Treasurer 
to Hirams Lodge 

" To the Eight "Worshipful Grand Master of the State of Penn- 

The following endorsement is on the back of the above letter. 

" March 1=*. 1797 Eeceived from George A Baker Grand Secry 
the within mentioned sum of Fifty one dollars & 87% Cents which 
he received of Joseph Habersham Esq and for which I have given a 
Eeceipt to be transmitted to Lodge No 42 as received from them by 
the hands of said Habersham 

" John MCElweb 
" Gramd Treasurer." 

The above letter completes the story of Lodge No. 42, A. T. 
M., under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. 

"Ibid, folio 67. 




URING Colonial days, the prin- 
cipal settlement in Duck 
Creek Hundred, a township 
of Kent County, Delaware, was 
known as Duck Creek Cross Roads. 
Its location is about eight and one- 
"""^ ~ half miles from Delaware Bay, on 

Green's branch of Duck Creek, and about half way between 
"Wilmington and Milford. January 16, 1806, the name of the 
town was changed by an Act of Assembly to Smyrna. 

At the Quarterly Communication of the Grand Lodge, held 
June 23, 1785, the following letter of recommendation and 
petition was read before the Grand Lodge : 


" DOVBK April 21=t Anno Dom" 1785 
"A. M. 5785 
" To THE Right Woeshipful the Grand Master, and to the Grand 
Wardens, and Other the OfiScers of the Grand Lodge held in the 
City of Philadelphia, and State of Pennsylvania.^ 
"The Masters and- Wardens, and Other the Officers of the Lodge 
by the No. 18 of Antient York Masons, held in the Town of Dover 
in the County of Kent and Delaware State formerly annexed as the 

^ MSS., Vol. AA, paquet 101, f oUo 3. 


Territory of the Province of Pennsylvania, Send Greeting — ^It ap- 
pearing to this Body that we are become too numerous and sundry 
members living in and near the Vicinity of the Village commonly 
called Duck Creek Cross-Eoads, in this County having some time 
heretofore made application that we should be pleased to indulge 
them with our Recommendation to the Right "Worshipful Grand 
Lodge for the appointment and Establishment of a Lodge of Free 
and accepted Masons to be held in the said Village commonly called 
Duck Creek Cross Roads in this our County of Kent and Delaware 
State Considering our selves as yet subject and ameniable to your 
Right "Worshipful Grand Lodge for our Conduct and Transactions 
relative to Masonry, until Other Grand Regulations and Rules for 
our Good Order and Government therein shall take place, "Which 
application having been attended to and we having favoured their 
request. This is therefore to Certify that we the Officers of the 
said Lodge No. 18, do hereby recommend unto the Right "Worshipful 
Grand Lodge, our "Worthy Brother Daniel Cummins, a Past Master 
of our Body, to be appointed as Master of a new Lodge to be by 
you Granted and Established to be held in the Village commonly 
called Duck Creek Cross Roads, likewise we Recommend our Brother 
Samuel Freeman to be appointed in the same "Warrant, as the Senior 
"Warden, and our Brother James Berry as the junior "Warden in the 
same. "Who have all, severally paid all due obedience, and dis- 
charged their respective dues to this our Lodge No. 18, and are 
hereby recommended to the Right "Worshipful Grand Lodge for their 
Countenance and f uUfihnent of this their wish and Expectation in the 
Business wishing them aU success therein. Given under the seal of 
our Lodge at Dover the date aforesaid. 

" By order of the Master of Lodge No. 18 
" Simon "W. "Wilson, Sec'-"- 

" Endorsed on back : Recommendation from Lodge No. 18, Dover, 
To the Grand Lodge in Pennsylvania, To Daniel Cummins, Samuel 
Freeman & James Berry, for Duck Creek." 

" Delawaeb State, Kent County So*- June 1785 A. M. 5785 
" To THE Right "Woeshipfuii the Grand Master and to the Dep''- 
Grand Master, Grand "Wardens, and other Grand Officers of the 
Grand Lodge of Antient York Masons held in the City of 
Philadelphia and State of Pennsylvania.^ 

' MSS., Vol. AA, paquet 101, folio 4. 


petition tot (laiatrant 

"We the Subscribers being Members of sundry of the Lodges 
under the Jurisdiction of the said Grand Lodge, namely, of No. 5, 
No. 6, and No. 18, Resident in and near the Village commonly called 
Duck Creek Cross Roads, in the County of Kent af°*- twelve miles 
distant from the Lodge No. 18, at Dover, likewise fifteen miles from 
No. 6, at George Town As also. Twelve miles from No. 5, at Appo- 
quinomink, And it being found very Inconvenient to us on account 
of the distance to attend the several Lodges to which we particularly 
belong, and having obtained the Consent & Approbation of our said 
Lodges for our Seperating & Withdrawing ourselves from them, and 
Liberty being given us to apply to the Grand Lodge for a Warrant 
to Establish a Lodge of Antient York Masons to be held in the Vil- 
lage of Duck Creek Cross Roads. Tor which purpose A Recom- 
mendation hath been required & Granted from Lodge No. 18. We 
therefore pray the Grand Lodge to indulge us in our Application by 
Granting us a Warrant for that purpose agreeable to the Recom- 
mendation from Lodge No. 18 in favor of the Officers therein ap- 
pointed, namely, B' Daniel Cummins Master, Samuel Freeman, Sen'- 
Warden, & James Berry, Jun''- Warden ; and we shall as in all duty 
bound Ever Pray 

"William Johnson, Master Lodge No. 18 
" Geoege Saxton, Sen^ Warden No. 18. 
"John Venn, JuW- Warden, No.lO(?) 

"AlexDB- Worknot, No. 18 

"William Pope No. 18 

"DanL- Cummins No.l8(?) 

" James Beret No. 18 

" SamI-- Freeman No. 18 

« Jos. Diskill No. 18 

" We the OfBeers of the several Lodges whose Number is annexed 
to our Respective Names do Recommend the Persons named in this 
Petition, to the notice of the Grand Lodge for their countenance in 
the application 

" Duncan Beard J. W. No. 5 
"William Jordan No. 5 
« Mark McCall P. M. No. 18 
" Peter B. Puet No. 18 

"Jambs Tilton No. 18 

" Joseph Diskill No. 18 

« ChaS Pope No. 5 

16 225 

SDli ^a&onic JLoHstfi of ^mnHnViania 

"Eben^- Blackston No. 6 
" Simon W. Wilson t 
requested his name to |- No. 18 

be put to this J 

" SamL Ceosbt No. 18 

" Petition for a Warrant, June 1785, No. 44 " 

Whereupon it was 

"Unanimously Agreed, That agreeably to the Prayer of several 
petitioning Brethren a Warrant be granted, appointing B"'- Daniel 
Cummings, Master; B'. Samuel Freeman, Senior Warden; and B' 
James Berry, Junior Warden, of Lodge No. 44, to be held in the 
Village, called Duck Creek, in the State of Delaware, (Cross Boads), 
and that the same be prepared by the Secretary as soon as possible. 
B' Rutherford paid into the Hands of the Treasurer £15. in full for 
the aforesaid Warrant. 

" Ordered, That a Dispensation be sent with the said Warrant, 
empowering B" Mark McCall, Duncan Beard, WOliam Johnson, and 
William Bradford, or any two of them, to install in due form the 
said Brothers Daniel Cummings, Samuel Freeman, and James Berry."' 

• Eeprint of the Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 82. 

The above named Brethren performed the duty assigned 
them, and made the following report to the Grand Lodge : 

"Duck Ceeek X Roads Delawaee State 
"Dec- lef- 1785 
" To THE Right Worshipful the Grand Master and the Other 
Grand Officers of the Grand Lodge of Antient Masons held in 
the City of PhUad^ for the State of Pennsylvania.* 

" These are to Certify that in Consequence of Instructions to us 
sent by the Right Worsh^- Grand Officers for the express purpose. 
We did on the 21^'- day of July last past regularly Enstall B'' Daniel 
Cummins as Master of Lodge No. 44, at Duck Creek Cross Roads; 
as also B' Sam'- Freeman, Senior Warden, and B""- James Berry Jun' 
Warden of the same; and did in due order Constitute the said Lodge 
viz: No. 44 agreeable to the Tenure of this Warrant, to be held in 

* MSS., Vol. AA, paquet 101, folio 5. 


Hottst Bo. 44, a, ^, 9^, 

said place on the First Thursday in each and every Month. In 
Witness our Hands 

" No. 44 

" Original Members 10 

10 months for the above 40/. 

6 invitations -.SO/. 

amount of dues of the young 
members 7/8 

£4. 13. 1.8 

"Mabk McCall 
" Duncan Beabd 
"WM- Beadi-oed 


" Endorsed Letter from Duck Creek Cross Roads respect^- Instal- 
lation of Officers. 

" The Eight Wors'p'- Grand Master of Masons. Philad*- Dec''- 16, 
1795 " 

At the memorable Quarterly Communication, held Septem- 
ber 25, 1786, when the Grand Lodge "Resolved, That this 
Grand Lodge is, and ought to be, a Grand Lodge, Independent 
of Great Britain or any other Authority whatever," Lodge 
No. 44 was represented by Bro. Samuel Freeman, Senior 
"Warden, who, at the same time, presented the following 
report : 

"Sept'- 7, 1786 

" A list of the old Members of Lodge No. 44" 

" B'- Dan' Cummins, W. M. 

"B'- Sam' Freeman S. W 

" B'' James Berrey, J. W. 

" B'' Isaac Carty 

"B"'- Eben'- Blackeston 
B'- Charles Pope 
Br. ^m. Jordan 

Br. ^m. Pope 

•MSS., Vol. AA, paquet 101, folio 6. 


mn 99a0(mit %ot>st& of prnniSHlbania 

B'- Sam'- Crosbey 

B' Alex*''- Worknott 
" The first meeting of the above members as a Body was Aug"- 4"^ 


"List of New or young Members and when Eaised Master in 

No. 44: 

B'- James Steel Rased Sepf- S*- 1785 
B'- John Sterlin do Oct>-- 15, 1785 
B^- John Brooks do Feb'- 2, 1786 
B^- George Harris do Ap>- 15*- 1786 
B'- Charles Carpon do July 15«' 1786 
B' W°- Eees do Aug^*- 3'*- 1786 

" B'- John Jack from Lodge 547 in the Kingdome of Ireland ad- 
mitted a Member of No. 44 July 15""- 1786." 

The two letters given below are also in our Archives : 

" Lodge No. 44 Duck Creek Cross Roads Sept"^- 23* A. D. 1789.« 

" On Information from the Grand Lodge that they would have a 
Meeting on the last Monday of this Instant, and Requesting that we 
would send a Member to Represent us at said Meeting, the Lodge By 
order of the Master was Convened and Appointed Brother Charles 
Pope P. M. to transact all the business of this Lodge that is Neces- 
sary their to be done. 

" Given under our hands & the Seal of this Lodge 

"Daniel Cummins Master 
"RobT- Keenohan, SeeV- 

During the summer of 1790, Bro. Pope returned the original 
Warrant of Lodge No. 44 to the Grand Lodge. The "Warrant 
was renewed under date of September 6, 1790. This fact is 
noted in the Minutes of the Grand Lodge under date of 
December 6, 1790. 

"Lodge 44. Transactions of September last appoint'd Brother 
Charles Pope, to act and do for s* Lodge So far as to obtain a New 
Warrant for the same, from the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, as 
such have not been had since the declaration of Independence, he 

" MSS., Vol. AA, paquet 101, foUo 7. 


fLo\ise Bo, 44, St. g. 9?, 

herewith Returning a former Warrant obtained for holding the same. 
" Witness*- in presence of 

« June 1790 

John Claek Masf- 
Alex^^ Wobknot, 8. W. 
ChaS- Cabson J. W. 
EbenneK- Cloak S. D. 

" DavD- Cakty, Secretv- 
"Nov- ye 6"> 1790. 
" Endorsed Warrant renewed Sepf 6, 1790 

"ChS Pope." 

At the Quarterly Commiinication of the Grand Lodge, De- 
cember 5, 1791, "Bro. Jonathan B, Smith, the R. W. Grand 
Master, presented a return of the Members of Lodge No. 44, 
held at Duck Creek Cross Roads, Kent County, in the State 
of Delaware. On Motion and seconded the same was read and 
ordered to be entered on the minutes as follows, viz, : 

" For the Inspection of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania^ 
"A Return of the Members who wrought under the former, and 
now work under the present Warrant, of Lodge No. 44, held at 
Duck Creek Cross Roads, Kent County, Delaware State. 

''Ibid., folio 8. 
'Hid., folio 9. 


SDUt S^a&onit %otistiS ot prnn^^Ibania 

The present 
Working Members 

Those who have 
Obtained Certificates 



Charles Pope 
William Jordan Jr. 
Alex'- Worknot, J. D 
John Starling 
Charles Carson, M. 
William Eeese 
William Dailey, J. W. 
Ebenezer Cloak 

James Berry 
William Cope 
James Welsh 
Samuel Crosby 

Isaac Carty 
James Steel 
John Brooks 
George Harris 
John Jack 

Daniel CmnTnings 

March 3, 1791 
Samuel Freeman 

June 2, 1791 
Ebenezer Blackiston 

March 3, 1791 
James Henry 

March 3, 1791 

John Clark 
Eobert Smith 
Thomas Dixon 
Eob*- Kemohan 
David Carty, S^- 
William Wartenby 
Jacob Stout, Jun'- 
Eobert Johnson, S. W. 

Jan^- 6, 1791 
Jacob Pennington, S. I 

Jan^- 6, 1791. 
Eichard Miller 

March 3, 1791 


I do hereby certify that the above is a Just return 
agreeable to our resolution of the 1* September, by 
Order of the Master, and Members present 

David Caett Sect^- 

This order was made Sep'- 1=^ 1791, as by their 
transactions appears. 

N. B. — ^Peter Mome has subscribed the bye laws 
whose name is not returned. 

This is the last record we have of this old Lodge. In the 
"List of Lodges" it merely states "Has ceased long since. 
Returns to 1791. Nothing paid." 







Lodge, upon the Eoster of 
the Grand Lodge of Penn- 
sylvania, changed its place 
(( f $ \ \ ^^ meeting as often as the Lodge 

I |\ \ I |l| originally registered as No. 47, 

. J-il I 1 1 [i 'I ; . r and later as No. 46. During the 
forty years (1785-1826) of its 
existence, the Lodge was moved 
——*"*- from place to place, no less than 

six times. As originally warranted by the Grand Lodge, De- 
cember 27, 1785, it was located at Reading, Berks County, 
Pennsylvania, and was known as Lodge No. 47. Five years 
later, the Master and other members sent a petition to the 
Grand Lodge, praying leave to remove said Lodge from Read- 
ing to Churchtown, in the County of Lancaster, At the Grand 
Quarterly Communication, held June 7, 1790 : 

" On Motion and Seconded, It was Resolved, that their Warrant 
be renewed to meet at Churchtown aforesaid, or within five miles of 
it; the said Lodge to be hereafter Called No 46."^ 

'Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. 1, p. 145. 


Churclitown was a village of some eight or ten dwellings 
and a store and a tavern, in Caernarvon Township, Lancaster 
County, on the road leading from Lancaster to Reading. The 
residents were chiefly descendants of the early settlers, who 
were Welsh Churchmen (Episcopalians), hence the name. 

The Brethren, however, did not confine their meetings to 
the village of Churchtown, but took advantage of the five-mile 
limit. This caused more or less inconvenience to a number 
of the members, and, in 1795, culminated in a division of the 
Lodge. It appears from the Minutes of the Lodge, that on : 

" August SO*!^ 1794 
" This being the Stated Lodge Night the Lodge met & Open'd ia 
the degree of an Enter'd Apprentice.^ 

" This night after being Call'd to Refreshment for a Certain Space 
of time — afterwards being call'd to Work, it was Voted for whether 
the Members who wish to have a Warrant of their own should have 
or not — ^it was agreed upon that such members who wish to have it 
should first pay up their initiation money into the Treasurers hands 
& then make a Regular & Personal demand of their Sertiflcates & 
also a recommendation to Grand Lodge in Order that they may have 
a Warrant of their Own.'' 

" 27 December 1794 
"This being the Stated Lodge night & also St. Johns Day the 
Brethren met & the Lodge Open'd in a degree of Master Mason. 

" This night it was agreed by the Majority of the Lodge that 
Davies Olds, David Morgan, Reese Moore & M. Kaler, John Good & 
David Jones, should be appointed to Estimate the Value of the 
Jewels & other Implements belonging to the Lodge & adjusted & 
that the Warrant now held here Shall be taken to Church Town & a 
new Warrant be granted to the members who wish to attend at 
this House. 

" This night it was agreed upon that the Warrant now held here 
shall be & Remain in this House^ & the Lodge held here as Usual 

'Minute Book of Lodge No. 46, Number 204 in Archives of Grand 

' The Lodge at that time was evidently held at an inn in Berks County, 
beyond the Lancaster County line. 


S!>ii>i0ion of £otige JBo. 46, SL. $. 9^, 

Untill a new Warrant & Jewels be obtained for this place at which 
time the present Warrant N°- 46 Shall be removed to Church Town 
with what money or Jewels the Comittee Shall determine — if it 
should so happen that the Committee appoints should not all unite 
it is Mutually agreed that a majority of them agreeing their deter- 
mination shall be decision — ^the day appointed for the Committee to 
meet is Wednesday next." 

"This night B' Baum was Elected as Master B' Kaler as Sen'' 
Warden & B' John Jones Jun. as Jun'. Warden for the new Lodge 
which Warrant they are to obtain. 

" This night a petition was wrote to the Grand Lodge that a new 
Warrant should be had. B' Baun as Master of the new Lodge 
& B' M. Kaler Esq. as Sen'' Warden &I B' John Jones Jr. as 
Jun"" Warden. After which the Lodge Closed in perfect Harmony 
at Seven O'Clock." 

The proposed petition, however, did not come before the 
Grand Lodge until some months later, as appears from the 
Minutes of the Grand Lodge : 

« June the !»'• 5795 

"At the Grand Lodge Quarterly Communication a Petition was 
received from a number of Brethren of Berks County, members of 
Lodge N"- 46, praying a Warrant may be granted them for dividing 
the said Lodge and holding a Lodge in Robinson Township in the 
said County, 

"■Whereupon, on motion and seconded, resolved, that the Prayer 
of the said Petition be granted, and B'- Secretary was directed to 
make out the same in the name of John Christian Baum, Master; 
Mathias Keller, Sen''- Warden, and John Jones, Jun''- Warden, and 
ordered not to deliver the said Warrant until the said Lodge N°- 46 
is removed from the place where the same is intended to be held." 

This new Warrant bore number 66, and the Lodge was to 
be held in Eobinson Township, Berks County, and was known 
as " Union Lodge, No. 66." 

After another lapse of five years, the Lodge, in the mean- 
time, having lost many of its members, the Warrant was trans- 
ferred to several members of Lodge No. 66, as shown by the 


SDlti Ss^a&onit flotse^ of ^ttin^i^lbania 

following Petition read at the Quarterly Communication, 
held December 2, 1799 : 

" To the Bight Worshipful the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania and 
Masonic Jurisdiction thereunto belonging: The Humble Petition of 
Your Subscribers, Members of Union Lodge No. 66 held in Caernar- 
von Township, Berks County, with the consent of said Lodge do 
Pray, That your Eight Worshipful Grand Lodge may take into 
Consideration the Uwconveniency of your Petitioners at the distance 
of Eighteen Miles and upwards from the aforesaid Lodge Room, and 
wishing to attend regular and to be Members of some Regular Lodge 
we Pray that you may grant us Privilege to move the Warrant N"- 
46, now held in possession of Three Brethren in Church Town, Lan- 
caster County, with their consent to Ephrata in Cocalico Township 
in the same County of Lancaster. And Your Petitioners as in Duty 
bound will ever pray. (Signed) Jn"- Wright, M. M., Henry Ream, 
M. M., Jacob Kaufrode, M. M., John Senseman, M- M., John 
Meheny, M. M. We, the Subscribers, do recommend the above 
Brethren to your Right Worshipful Grand Lodge as Worthy Breth- 
ren and pray the above Petition may be granted. (Signed) 
Mathias Kaler, M. M., Jacob Kimmel, M. M., John Jones, M. M., 
Thomas Kennedy, M. M., Isaac Lewis, M. M., Thomas Kirlin, M. M. 
We, the Subscribers, Members of Lodge N°- 46, have agreed to 
deliver our Warrant to the above Petitioners in Case the Right Wor- 
shipful Grand Lodge will grant their request, which we heartily 
pray may be done. (Signed) James Evans, Henry Hambright, 
David Morgan; which Petition was referr'd to Bro"- The R. W. D. 
G. M., M^Caraher and Coyle to examine and Report thereon."* 

'Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. 1, p. 375. 

On June 2, 1800, the Grand Lodge granted the petition of 
the Brethren, and the Lodge was moved to the village of 
Ephrata, on the Cocalico Creek, in the northern part of Lan- 
caster County, where the road from Lancaster to Reading 
intersects with the Brandywine and Paxtang road, leading 
from Downingstown, now Downingtown, to Harrisburg. This 
village was upon the east side of the Cocalico, and at that 
time contained from fifteen to twenty dwellings, two taverns, 
a store and a paper mill. 


<Ege WiWtet on tjge €otalico 

Beyond the Cocalico, just over the stone bridge, was the 
mystical settlement of the Ephrata Community with its 
brotherhood and sisterhood, and community houses." There 
does not appear, however, to have been any intercourse 
between the members of the mystical community and the 
Masonic Brethren. So far as the writer can judge, there 
were but two names akin to the families connected with the 
Sabbatarian Community at the Kloster, viz. : Jacob Senseman 
and Jacob Kimmel.* 

Lodge No. 46 met at Ephrata with varied success, and after 
several notices had been sent to the Lodge by the Grand Sec- 
retary, respecting their delinquency, and no attention being 
paid thereto, the Warrant was finally vacated, by the Grand 
Lodge, at the Quarterly Communication April 7, 1806, and a 
demand made for the surrender of the "Warrant, books, papers, 
jewels, furniture and funds of the Lodge. 

At the Communication of the Grand Lodge, held September 
1, 1806, the following 

" Petition^ was received from the late Lodge N"- 46, lately held at 
Ephrata, Lancaster County, and read, and is in the words following, 
to wit: 

" Ephrata, May ISti". 1806. 

" To THE Eight WoESHipruL Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. 

" Gentlemen and Brethren, 

" We duly Acknowledge the Receipt of your 
Communication through the Hand of your Grand Secretary. We 
humbly pray you as a Band of sincere Brothers, to rescind your 
Resolution of the T*- April, 1806, as relates to us, (Lodge N"- 46,) 
for we are at all times ready to comply with every Resolution of the 
Right Worshipful Grand Lodge, and we herein remit to you the 

Tor a full account of the Ephrata Community, vide "The German 
Sectarians, ' ' Vols. I and II, by Julius F. Sachse, Philadelphia, 1899. 
'Ibid.. Vol. II. 
'Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, '^ol. II, p. 207. 


balance, being Twenty Five Dollars, due by our Lodge to the Bight 
Worshipful Grand Lodge, and we pray and beseech you to rescind 
your resolution in favor of us, and pray your early communication 
on this Subject for our Government. 

"By the Unanimous Resolution of Lodge N"- 46. 

" (Signed) Jacob Raprots, P. Tern., 
" Worshipful Master. 

"P. S. Since writing the within Letter, We have agreed to remit 
to the Grand Lodge Thirty Dollars, which please pass to our Credit 
and forward us a Receipt." 

To this petition a letter from Bro'- Kirkpatrick, W. M'- 
of Lodge N"- 43, at Lancaster, was subjoined, which is in the 
words following, viz. : 

"Lancaster 11* July, 1806. 

" At the request of Bro''- Kaufrode, late Master of Lodge N"- 46, 
I address you a line at this Time corroborative with the preceding; 
the reason he alledges for a Balance appearing against their Lodge 
must proceed from the delinquency of the former Members which 
composed it at Church Town, Two only of which belong to it at 
present, the remainder being formerly Members of Morgan Town 
and other Lodges. 

" The Statement which accompanies this he declares to be all their 
Lodge are justly indebted to the R. W. G. Lodge, but in place of 
Thirty Dollars as stated in the annexed Letter, you will find Forty 
Dollars inclosed. The surplus after closing the former Dues he 
wishes placed to the Credit of their Lodge, And wishes an Answer 
with the Resolutions of the R. W. G. Lodge on the Subject addres'd 
to me by Mail as soon as possible. 

" With much respect Your Friend, &c., 

" (Signed) WHiLiAM Kirkpatrick." 

( Address 'd) 

" George A. Baker, G. Secr^- 

" Said Petition was accompanied with an Account of their Grand 
Lodge Dues up to December last. 

"Whereupon, On Motion made and Seconded, Resolved, 
That the said Sum of Forty Dollars (which Bro""- Baker 
Acknowledged to have received, be accepted in fuU of the 


Witmobal ot t^t HoUge to Mfm l^ollanti 

Grand Lodge Dues due from the said late Lodge N"- 46, to 
this Grand Lodge to the present Time, And that the said 
Lodge N"- 46, be fully reinstated in their former standing," 

The Lodge continued to meet at Ephrata until some time 
during the year 1812, when the Master and a few of the 
Brethren removed the Lodge to New Holland without first 
obtaining the consent of the Grand Lodge. 

This was brought to the notice of that Body at the adjourned 
Quarterly Communication, held October 5, 1812, when 

"A Petition from the W. Master and several Members was read 
setting forth that the late "W. M'- and a few Members had irregu- 
larly removed the Lodge from Ephrata to New Holland, about 7 or 
8 Miles from Ephrata, and praying redress.* 

"A Letter from Bro^- John Hart, P. M. of said Lodge, in favor 
of said removal, was read. Whereupon, said Petition and Letter 
were referr'd to Bro™- Lippincott, Kittera and Cutbush to examine 
and Report thereon. 

" The Committee on the subject of the removal of Lodge N"- 46, 
from Ephrata to New Holland made Report at the Adjourned 
Grand Quarterly Communication of the Grand Lodge held Novem- 
ber IG""' 1812, which was read and is as follows, to wit : 

"To THE R. W. Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania and Masonic 


"The Committee to whom was referred the Petition of George 
Kintzel and others relative to the removal of Ephrata Lodge, N"- 46, 
Respectfully Report. 

" That from an examination of the Papers submitted to them, the 
removal of Ephrata Lodge appears to have been the result of a 
Motion brought fairly before the Lodge, and decided by a Majority 
of which the then W. M. was One. 

" The Error from which this Application arises, is the belief of 
the Brethren that the Consent of the Master Elect, who was Installed 
on the 26*''> of May and before the Motion for removal was decided 
upon, should have been given to it; they seem to have been ignorant 
that the powers and Duties of the Installed Brother did not com- 

" Eeprint of Minutes of Graad Lodge, Vol. Ill, p. 196. 


mence until the June following, and that upon the Evening referred 
to he had no privileges beyond any other Member. 

" The Applicants are also mistaken in stating that a place 7 or 8 
Miles Distant is without their Warrant. 

" While the Committee are wUling to consider this Application to 
the Grand Lodge as arising from ignorance of Constitutional reg^a- 
tions which the Brethren ought to have known; they consider the 
language of the Petition, such as is not expected from Brotherly 
kindness and regard for each other; nor the Facts set forth with 
that Candor, which an only view to the Interests of the Craft require. 

" The fitness or otherwise of the place is so much a matter within 
the Discretion of the subordinate Lodge, that your Committee do not 
feel disposed to enquire or Report, whether its present place of Meet- 
ing is or is not preferable to the former. But as a Majority of the 
Lodge have decided upon the removal, it reasonably may be con- 
cluded that it is most proper. From this View of the Subject, Your 
Committee beg leave to submit the following Resolution. 

" Resolved, That this Grand Lodge Confirm the Removal of Eph- 
rata Lodge N"- 46, to New Holland. 

" (Sign'd) Samuel Lippincott, T. ' 

"Thomas Kittera. - Committee." 

"Jambs Cittbush. 

" Which Report was Accepted and Resolution Adopted." 

New Holland, to which Lodge 46 was moved, is a neat vil- 
lage in Earl Township, Lancaster County, on the road leading 
from Lancaster to Morgantown. It is about twelve miles 
northeast from Lancaster. It is built on one long street, and 
then contained about twenty-five dwellings, a tavern, a store 
and a church. 

The move to New Holland, however, was not a successful 
one, and, at the General Grand Communication, on St. John 
the Baptist's Day, June 24, 1813, a petition was presented 
from said Lodge, praying the Grand Lodge to sanction their 
re-removal from New Holland back to Ephrata, which prayer 
was granted. 

Again located in their old quarter, on the banks of the 


memobal ot m %oHe to JLititi 

Cocalico, the Lodge remained until 1825, when the Brethren, 
after a precarious existence, applied to the Grand Lodge for 
permission to move the Lodge to Lititz, in Lancaster County. 
This was granted, April 4, 1825.' 

Lititz (Leditz), a settlement of the Moravian Brethren, 
eight miles due north of Lancaster, in Warwick Township, 
Lancaster County, then contained about seventy dwellings, 
several stores, taverns, and the school and community houses 
of the Moravian Brethren. 

Shortly after this final removal, the Grand Lecturer, in his 
report on the Lodges beyond the City of Philadelphia, to the 
Grand Lodge, March 5, 1827, states that he had visited Lodge 
"N°- 46, Lititz, Lancaster County, 1826, Oct. 11 and 13. 
The officers and members of this Lodge stood in need of the 
instruction which was given to them at two meetings which 
the lecturer attended. The lodge has been many years in a 
very low state but since its recent removal to Lititz it has 
somewhat revived."^" 

The Brethren, however, weathered the Anti-masonic storm, 
which swept over our State from 1828 to 1832, until February 
6, 1837, when the Warrant was vacated for non-payment 
of dues. 

Following is the Roster of the Lodge, while held at Church- 
town, or within five miles thereof : 

Lodge No 46. held at Church Towk Lancastee County. 

Ebmoved to Ephrata same County by permission 

OF G. L OF 2* June 1800.^^ 

Register of the Members of Lodge No. 46 Ancient York Masons, 
held at Church Town in the County of Lancaster, in virtue of a 

» Reprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. T, p. 397. 
" Reprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. V, p. 425. 
" Vide "Register of Members," Volume 1 in Archives of Grand Lodge, 
ofSce of R. W. Grand Secretary. 


iSDIti Si^a^onit JLottstH ot ^tnn0igVaania 

Warrant granted by the Right Worshipful Grand Lodge of Penn- 
sylvania bearing date of V"" Day of June A. C. 1790 and of Masonry 
5790 ; and Recorded in the Book of Records of Warrants B Folio 8. 
and of their Initiations Admissions, Passings, Raisings &c &c from 
the Commencement of Said Lodge 



Members, &c. 


Of "What 

When Initiated 

I or 



Thomas Church, 




1790, June 

7, Master in 


John Moyers, 




1790, June 


John Jordan, 




1790, June 


William Bell, 




1790, June 


Benjamin Spyker, 




1790, June 


John Whalebone, 




1790, June 


W™ Meinnerbeck, 




1790, June 


Henry Hambright, 



John Hetzel, 



John Luther, 



John Edwards, 




1791, June 


John Barem, 




1791, June 


Davis Old, 



1791, June 


John Jones, 



1791, Sept. 


Jonathan Jones, 



1791,. Sept. 


John Good, 



1791, Oct. 


David Jones, 



1791, Dee. 


William Lewis, 



1791, Dec. 


Edward Cahill, 



1791, Dec. 


James Evans, 



1791, Dee. 


Jesse Bennet, 



1792, Feb. 


John Robinson, 



1792, Feb. 


Thomas Evans, 



1792, Ap--. 


Daniel Morgan, 



1792, May 


Mathias Kehler, 



1792, Aug. 


Henry Ream, 



1792, Sept. 


John Jones, Sen', 



1792, Dec. 


Samuel Jones, 



1792, Dec. 


Ezekiel Evans, 



1793, Feb. 


Edward Dougherty, 



1793, Jan. 


William Witman, 



1793, Jan. 


Daniel Shultz, 




1793, Jan. 


JLoHt 40, SL. % a?. 

James Good, 

M. M. 

I. 1793, Feb. 


John Ludwiek, 

M. M. 

I. 1793, Mar. 


Samuel Lewis, 

M. M. 

I. 1793, Mar. 


Eees Moore, 

M. M. 

I. 1793, Aug. 


John Wright, 

M. M. 

I. 1793, Sept. 

28, Master, 1800. 

Hartman Lighthizer, 

M. M. 

I. 1793, Oct. 


John Knox, 

E. A. 

I. 1794, July 


Samuel Harris, 

M. M. 

L 1794, Nov. 


Thomas Kennidy, 

M. M. 

I. 1794, Nov, 


Abner Lewis, 

M. M. 

I. 1795, Apr. 


Charles Cramp, 

M. M. 

I. 1795, June 


Francis Morgan, 

E. A. 

I. 1795, Dec. 


Henry Ream, 

P. M. 

A. 1800, June 


John Coynman, 

M. M. 

A. 1800, June 


John Senseman, 

M. M. 

A. 1800, June 


Jacob Kaffroth, 

M. M. 

A. 1800, June 


John M"=Collom, 

M. M. 

I. 1800, Aug. 


SEAL or LODGE NO. 46, A. T. M. 







OME time during the latter part of 
the year 1785, two letters written in 
French were received from a Lodge 
held at Cape Francois. These letters were 
given to Bro. P. Barbier Duplessis, later 
E. W. Grand Secretary, for translation 
into English. The translations were laid 
before the Grand Lodge, at an Extra Grand 
Lodge, held February 3, 1786. 

The first of these communications proved 

to be a petition soliciting a Charter, and 

was directed to "His Excellency, Monseigneur "Washington, 

General of the Armies of America and Serene Grand Master." 

The translation is as follows: 

" Most Serene Grand Master'^ 

" A Society of Brethren united at the East of Cap Franeois wish 
to proceed in their works agreably to the true principles of Masonry. 

^MSS., Vol. Jj, paquet 72, folio 4. 


(Kttutal dOlaiei^inston CStanti S^eiiittt 

QL^ A^ito^a'eSi, cMi4 


iS^ie^tafi^HjUQzaM^ .>^, 


'uHA- ofut^^/i^fgaf-ot. 2atee— 


»-^aaUiaiu!r^tlM/uA.^tf*^ . 



SDltt 9^a&onit fLoH(^ of ^tnndnlitania 

Could they apply to any one else better able, than you, to furnish 
them with those principles in all their purity? 

" I have been, by a resolve of this day empowered to sollieit and 
entreat of you the favor of a Charter. We shaE be very happy in 
seeing Brotherhood cement an union which the interest of both 
nations has already formed. 

"Being at the head of this new Society I shall, more than any 
one else, feel the price of such a favour, and my heart shall enter- 
tain the most grateful remembrance 
" It is with those sentiments that I am 

"Most Serene Grand Master 

" Your &e 

" Villain 
" (Senior) " 

This petition was accompanied by the following letter 
(translation) : 

" On the tenth of the fifth month of the true Light 5785 and of 
vulgar era the tenth of July 1785, the Lodge of St John d'Ecosse 
Established at the East of Cap Prangois in the Coast and Island 
St. Domingo, regularly met in the usual form has been opened by 
the signs known to the only Sons of Light under the Maillet of our 
most beloved Brother Villain Baron our Worshipful Master. 

" Each Brother having taken his seat, the right Worshipful said 
that we had never been called to the interior part of the Temple 
upon a business of more consequence and more interesting. That 
our Society formed in Silence, had either by number either by the 
asiduity of our works, attained such a degree as required, a lawful 
existance to be given to it. Therefore we had to Consider whether 
application should be made to the East of France or of North 
America for the purpose of soliciting constitutions 

" The Eight Worshipful having expatiated the matter was of 
opinion that most parts of the Lodges of franee having neglected 
the Discipline Established by the English & which have been the 
principle of Masonry, it is proper to apply to the head spring and 
to a Scoth Lodge, added to this the particular Tittle of St. John of 
Scotland given to our lodge from its beginning. Therefore he 
thought the application shou'd rather be made to General Washing- 
ton, Grand Master of all the Lodges in North America, in the grand 
loge at Philadelphia. 


&{snatuȣi to t^t petition 




Ut^ /^ac^^^yid^^^^i^^ 

■/i^i4/6 c^'i^ix-.'^^/tare/^.-^^^^^ 

^> V L. 

^' y -f- 

j^^j^e^ee/K/n^d-d...^ f^ Xk»/<,<^ c/<r att^^a^c^^* 



" The matter taken into consideration all the Brethren have 
approved of the Right Worshipful's opinion, and he has been 
desired & empowered to soheit a charter of that most Serene Gr. 
Master & have all signed the present resolve with the Venerable [i. e. 
Master] & our Secretary^ 

After the above communications were read, and, the same 
being taken into consideration, it was resolved that a War- 
rant be granted in the names of Jn°- L. Galbert Barron, 
Master; John B. Gauthrow, S. "W., and Ant. Pailliez, J. W.; 
and the Secretary was directed to make out the Warrant, and 
ordered that a Dispensation be sent to John Ant. Marialbert, 
P. L. Bp Bonamy P. de L'orme and P. Villaia to install the 
officers in due form. 

In the meantime it appears that the actions of Bro. French, 
who was the bearer of the above letters, excited the suspicions 
of some of the Brethren of the Grand Lodge, as to his author- 
ity and identity. This coming to the knowledge of Bro. 
French, he wrote to a party in New York for a letter of identi- 
fication, which was sent to the R. W. Grand Master, Bro. Wil- 
liam Adcock, and was read before the Grand Lodge, March 
27, 1786. 

"New York 1st. March 1786. 
" MK- WM Hadcock 


"I received a Letter from M''- A. French dated Philad* IS"" 
Peby- wherein he informs me " that you had some suspicions of his 
being the person that was intrusted with the Letters from Cape 
Frangois" I have now to inform you that I was present in the 
Lodge at the Cape when a Letter was delivered to M'' French, 
directed to His Excellency Gen' Washington, the purport of which 
was requesting His Excellency to grant them a Warrant to work 
under him as Grand Master of the United States, in preference to 
the one they have at present. I did not leave the Cape till some- 

" MSS., Vol. L, paquet 72, folio 6. "" 

»MSS., Vol. L, paquet 72, folio 7. 


Slction upon t^e ^ttition 

time after M''- French, and they to the very last hour of my depart- 
ure express'd the greatest anxiety, and impatiently would wait an 
answer & requested that should I see M"'- F. on my arrival in 
America, to urge him to get the business done as quick as possible. 
From the particular attention & respect paid to several Brethren 
from the diff'' States while I was there, It gives me a deal of con- 
cern to learn that in return for their CivUities, their Business has 
been so long delayed, hoping they may soon be relieved from their 
anxiety by an answer p' first opportunity 

"I remain Your 

"most hb'- Serv* 

"Anthony Ernest. 
"M'- William Hadcock 

" Philadelphia." 

"It was moved and agreed upon that be appointed a 

Committee to inquire relative to the Letters received from Cape 
Frangois whether there is a Lodge held there and to reply to their 

" Letter from Anthony Ernest read March 27, 1786, of A. French 
& Cape Francois 

" The Minutes record It was moved and agreed upon, that Brother 
Humphreys be appointed to address a Letter in reply to those 
received from a number of Brethren of a Lodge held at Cape 
Frangois, informing them that their Letters were received and laid 
before this Grand Lodge by a Mr. French, whose conduct has been, 
during his continuance with us, very unbecoming a Gentleman and 
Brother, and to request to be fully advised by them on the subject." 

"Gap FBANgois Sep'- S*"- 1786.* 

No copy of Bro. Humphrey's reply to the Brethren at Cape 
St. Francois has thus far been found. It appears, however, 
that the Brethren at St. Domingo, despairing of obtaining a 
Warrant from the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, applied to 
the "Provincial Grand Lodge of the Southern District of 
North America," which, after having been forced, by the 
vicissitudes of war, to leave St. Augustine, was then located 
on the island of Jamaica. 

* Reprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 89. 


That the prayer of the Brethren at Cape Francois was 
granted appears by the following letter, written after they 
had received advice from Philadelphia, that their prayer to 
the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania had also been granted and 
a Warrant issued, bearing the "Number 47," viz:" 


" I am directed by the Worshipful Master of the Lodge St John 
of Scotland & Union of Harts Without Disguise held at Cap 
Frangois, to inform you that from the time they gave their Instruc- 
tions to Brother French respecting the Constitution, they have never 
rec'd the least account from Viim or from your Lodge, altho' they 
have wrote several letters on the subject — In Consequence of which 
Despairing of Success from your Lodge, they made application to 
the Provincial Grand Lodge of St. Andrew held at Morant Bay in 
the Island of Jamaica who has honour'd them with a Constitution, 
Constituting & Erecting them under the distinctive title above 

"With respect to Brother French he was Certainly impower'd 
to receive the Constitution & rec'd 15 Joes for that purpose, he 
was introduced in the Lodge as a Brother belonging to a Lodge in 
Philadelphia & having been inform'd that they wish'd for a Charter 
from your Lodge Said he Co'd Easily obtain it, on that ace*- he 
rec'd the Commission. However unworthy hopes these Circum- 
stances will be a SufBeient Apology for Transmitting the papers by 
Brother Leufer. 

" I am also Desired to inform you that Brothers Gautherd & 
Bonnamy have been descarded our Lodge on account of their having 
Conducted themselves in a manner unbecoming the Carecter of 
Masons, that since that time they have assembled a few Brethren 
such as themselves & formed a kind of Lodge, as we hear they 
intend applying to you for a Constitution we give you this 

" The Brethren of our Lodge will at all times be exceeding happy 
to see any of their American Brethren that may pass this way. 
they return the Grand Lodge a thousand thanks for the attention 
they have paid them, as they see the papers have been ready these 

" Cf. Vol. I, p. 127. 

" MSS., Vol. L, paquet 72, folio 8. 


JSittum ot t8« prnnslKlbania Mlattant 

seven months past, begs you'll Excuse the trouble they have given 
you as they were misfortunate annough not to know that their 
wishes were accomplished 

" I have the honour to be Bretheren 

« Yours p' 3 •'• 5 •'• 7 •'• 

"J. "Wyue" 
Endorsed :'' 

"Bead in G. Lodge 18th. Dee. 1786. 
" John L. G. Babon, W- 1 
" John B. Gautherot, S. W. i-No. 48 [sic] 
" Antoine Pailliez, J. W. J 

to be called ' St. John of Scotland/ & held at Cape Frangois in the 
Island of St. Domingue. 
"page 290 

" 3«- Tebruary 1786 
" Domingue " 

This letter was read in Grand Lodge, December 18, 1786. 
It does not appear upon the Minutes that any action was 
taken in the premises. 

Further, it appears from abov6 letter that this Lodge con- 
cluded to work under the Warrant obtained from the Provin- 
cial Grand Lodge at Jamaica, and returned the "Warrant 
granted them by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, and the 
fact is so noted on the Minutes.^ 

' Cf. Reprint, Vol. I, p. 141. 

' Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 140. 

SDlii iSl^aisionic fLotts^^ ot l^fnnsislbanfe 



XiitiX^ — ^ 


—thiam — 
-mXuimt, sib.— 



t/teleue^Aaucntj I —cc~-'t,<nsiJ— 


•SUmE^iA-tX iV 



f. 4 

■ •^Lola^ 


— ^yy- 





















T a Grand Lodge by adjourn- 
ment, held at Philadelphia, 
December 18, 1789, a petition 
in the French language was received 
from a number of Brethren of Port- 
au-Prince, in the island of St. Do- 
mingo, in the French "West Indies, 
praying to be favored with a Warrant 
from the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. This was read; 
whereupon their request was unanimously granted, and the 
Grand Secretary directed to make out one. No. 47.^ 

December 25, 1789. Grand Lodge by adjournment. The 
R. "W. Grand Master informed the Lodge that "agreeably 
to the the resolve of the 18*. instant, a Warrant has been 
issued for holding a Lodge in the city of Port au Prince, in 
the Island of S'- Domingo, in the French West Indies, in the 
name of Bro. Pierre Augustin Riquet du Belloy, Master ; Bro. 
Guisseppe Olivier, Sen''. Warden, and Bro. Pierre Joseph 

* Reprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 127. 


Jullien, Junior Warden; the said Lodge being No. 47, and 
called Union of Franco- American Hearts ; that the said War- 
rant had been forwarded with a Dispensation to Bro. Laurent 
De la Place, Celestin Lef ebere and Louis HameU, to install the 
said officers." 

Port-au-Prince, also known as "Port Republician," one of 
the most important settlements on the Caribbean Sea, was the 
capital city and chief seaport of the island of San Domingo 
(Hispaniola, Haiti), in the West Indies. In 1789, the island 
was a French possession, with a large population of French, 
Negroes, and many free Mulattoes. 

The petition asked for a Warrant to hold a "Lodge of St. 
John of Jerusalem" under the distinctive title De la Reunion 
des Coeurs Franco Americains. 

Almost all of the communications, reports and papers sent by 
this body to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania are still in the 
Archives of the Grand Lodge at Philadelphia,^ are all in the 
French language, and no translations have come down to us. 

Following is a translation of the petition for the Warrant,' 
dated August 11, 1789 : 

Translation : 

Request to the Grand Lodge op Pennsylvania* 

The Lodge op St. John op Jeeusalem, vtith the Dis- 
tinctive Title "The Reunion op Franco- American 

To THE Respectable Grand Lodge op Pennsylvania. 
To the Glory op the Grand Architect op the Universe 


Very Illustrious and Very Dear Grand Master 

"At the foot of the great Areliitect of the universe we beg to 
2 MS8., Vol. Y, paquet 102, folio 19. s ibid. 4 ihid. 


^ttitim tot QQlaccant 

ofEer our respectful homage of tender afEeetion uniting the Free- 
masons of the two hemispheres. WE STRIVE, WE SEEK and 
WE ASK. Hear us, show us, grant us. Masonry owes its origin 
to the needs of the spirit and of the body, and the isolated man also 
iieeds a tie uniting him to his fellow man. The sacred friendship 
descended unto earth and enchained the men bom with a generous 
inclination, and endowed them with a soul inclined toward the arts, 
sciences and a liberal education. The seven arts which we know 
and which have been transmitted to us by the wise Hermes, the con- 
quering Nimrod, and which your nation practise with so much dis- 
tinction and honor, have at all times contributed to the formation of 
temples, erected to the virtue and to good order; — it is principally 
in your country that these famous monuments of Masonic zeal exist — 
as your plans and edifices are astonishing the whole univers, it is 
therefore not surprising that Free Masons from another Kingdom 
seek to claim light at your hearth and to place themselves under 
your colors. 

" Several Free masons of different Nationalities, living at present 
under the torrid zone, have united in spirit and affection to practise 
the duties and obligations, and enjoy the privileges, which the Royal 
art accords to all its true proselytes. Being desirous of cementing in 
ourselves the august truths contained in it, and of enjoying the 
advantages which it presents, we have opened, and will welcome with 
emotions of sensitiveness and of pleasure all of our American 
brethren to our Lodge (erected under the distinct title of the 'Re- 
union of the hearts — ^Franco American'), who come invested with 
authentic certificates from the different lodges of which they are 

" Our object in that respect wiU prove to you that we desire to 
fraternize with you in the fullest manner, as by the distinctive title 
of our * Orient ' has already come to be ours in common. 

" We have, very much honored Grand Master, shown our zeal for 
the American Free masonry stiU further, — ^the majority of the 
brethren, forming our Orient, live on the coast where your merchant 
ships land, — we have appointed a representative to give us informa- 
tion of all the vessels, as they arrive, and as soon as we are informed 
that the Captain or some of the crew are free masons, we offer them 
all the services which circumstances will permit to be useful to them. 
In presenting to you then by a step very masonic the homage of our 
fraternal affection, we venture to-day to ask from you a recompense 
worthy of you, worthy of us, in associating us with your work and 


jQDIti S^a&onic HoHgnei of ^tnti^jflbmia 

granting to us a constitution of the symbolic rree-masonry, which 
■will enable us to work under the auspices of you with our American 
brethren and to give to our work the regularity to which all regular 
Free masons must aspire. 

"Therefore we confer upon T.'. M.'. Bro. Pierre Le Barbier 
Duplessis — ^whom we choose for our representative, all the necessary 
powers to solicit our constitution, together with a sufficient number of 
certificates to prove and attest to the whole universe that we are 
invested with the ineffaceable character of Free Masons. Among 
these certificates there is one of the F.'. illustrious brother Celestin 
le Febure,^ as in his property of Master also one as of Prince 
Chevalier Magon R.". 0.'. d'heredon, under the title of Rose Croix, 
whom we ask you to make your representative, and to be the bearer 
of your orders and to constitute our lodge according to the forms and 
conditions that you might impose. We will pay to your Orient all 
the expenses, as well those resulting according to the constitution as 
well as the splendor of your Orient. We beg to ask you, if you find 
it 'd propos/ to give to the first Masonic American captain, who 
easts anchor in this Port, a special order that, together with the 
illustrious brother Le Febure, he examine our Orient, and to Judge 
our work. Although made Masons, in France we practise the 
modem English Masonry which is in use in the most part, of your 
lodges; our very dear brother Osson de Verrieres is — ^himself — an 
English Mason, as stated in the certificate attached to this Petition, 
and our venerable Mr. Riquet^* is of the Supreme degree in the 
1' art Royal, practised in France as well as in England, and Penn- 
sylvania where he has worked during his last voyage in several of 
your Lodges, assisted by T.". M.'. Bro. Le Barbier Duplessis, 
Sovereign Prince du Royal, secret, with whom he had before worked 
in France in the lodges of symbolic masonry, and rejoiced and wept 
in the chapters of the supreme degrees, with which he is invested. 
Will you, very illustrious and very generous brother, take under 
consideration the motives and the object of our requests — ^the charity, 
the benevolence — and the tender friendship which direct them and 
are the moving forces. Grant us a place in your hearts, as we place 
you in ours, with sincerity. Already harmony, friendship and 
mutual services have united our two nations, which the Royal art 
and the practising of the Sublime mysteries unite in still stronger 
ties, principally between the Free Masons of the two nations, who 

6 Celestin Lef ebre. 

5a Pierre- Augustine Eiquet, an employe in the Royal Magazine. 


^ttition tot USLau&nt 

undoubtedly are the elite and the best support of the countries, by 
the virtuous principles which direct them. 

" Therefore we strike, we seek, we ask, Open unto us, show us, 
GEANT US the constitution under No. and name of Lodge St Jean 
de Jerusalem. With the distinctive title of the 'Anglo-French- 
American Reunion of hearts,' embodies conditions foreseen and to 
foresee, which we will fulfill with honor, zeal, humility and sub- 

" We will never cease to make our vows at the foot of the great 
architecte of the universe, to pray to Him, to always link together 
the French and American hearts, to bless our union and to ask him 
that our united homages may mount to the foot of his throne like 
the incense of Abel's, and fall again over you and over us in dew 
and a rain of peace, health -and prosperity. 

" By Grace we Celestin Le Februre, resident at Port-au-Prince, in 
the names, and qualities, distinctions and privileges expressed by our 
certificate Telco.". dated the 15th day of November of the year 5786, 
and our letter of A.'. C, the 5th of April 7787, we accept with 
pleasure the honorable mission, with which you charge us S.*. 
Telac". L.'. of the Reunion of the Franco- American hearts, and we 
pray for the happiness and splendour of free Masonry, and the 
Grand Orient of Pennsylvania. In accord with these worthy 

" Port-au Prince the 11th day of the 8th month of the M.'. 5789 

"(Signed) LeFebitre) 

. "To-day the eighteenth day of the 8th month of the 1' era Ma 
5789 the Lodge, assembled, certify that the signature of Brother 
Lef ebure above is his own ; and join to this petition a duplicate signed 
by the brethren ' en blanc ' to be substituted by the present petition, 
and to be fiUed out in the case that this formality wiU be necessary." 


August 16, 1790. Grand Lodge, Extra Communicatioii. A 
deputation was read from Lodge No. 47, Port-au-Prince, 
under the hand of the Master and Secretary and the seal of 
the said Lodge, appointing Bro. Peter Le Barbier Duplessis 
to represent them in the Grand Lodge.* 

Bro. Peter Mary Le Barbier Du Plessis was one of the 
most active and honored members of the Grand Lodge, filling 
many positions of honor and trust in the Craft, from 1790 
to the time of his death, in 1815, viz., Grand Secretary, from 
1790 to 1794; Deputy Grand Master, from 1808 to 1813. The 
esteem in which he was held is shown by the tribute paid to 
his memory by his Brethren of the Grand Lodge and the Craft 
at home and abroad. 

At the end of Bro. Duplessis' term as E. "W. Deputy Grand 
Master, December 28, 1812, the following action was taken by 
the Grand Lodge:'' 

On motion made and seconded. 

" Resolved Unanimously, That this Grand Lodge deeply sensible of 
the long and faithful services of the late R. W. Deputy Grand 
Master, Bro"'- Peter Le Barbier Duplessis, Esq""-' do direct that a Past 
Master's Jewell of Superior Beauty with Appropriate Hangings be 
prepared and presented to him in Grand Lodge by the R. W. Grand 
Master, with an Appropriate Address Conveying the High sense this 
Grand Lodge entertains of the Zeal, fidelity and ability with which 
he has fulfilled the Duties of the Various Stations he has occupied in 
the Craft, and especially of the High Office from which Indisposition 
has obliged him to retire 

" Resolved, that Bro''^- Tybout and Samuel F. Bradford be a Com- 
mittee to procure said Jewell and Hangings." 

April 19, 1813. At a Grand Extra Communication.^ 

6 Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 148. 

7 lUd., Vol. Ill, p. 222. 

8 lUd., p. 262. 


75to, ^tttt %t TStitbitV SDU9W0i& 

" In compliance with the Eesolution passed in Grand Lodge on the 
Twenty Eighth Day of December, 5812, The Right Worshipful Grand 
Master presented to the Right Worshipful Brother Peter Le Barbier 
Duplessis, late Deputy Grand Master, with a Past Master's Jewel of 
superior Beauty and Appropriate hangings. The Jewel was of Gold 
and the workmanship of the greatest beauty. The Emblematical 
devices were finely conceived, and the hangings, made of the richest 
Materials, were decorated in a corresponding style of taste and 
elegance. The R. W. Grand Master in an Appropriate address, 
alluding to the many and signal services rendered the Craft, and 
Assistance given to himself by Brother Duplessis, besought him to 
continue his watchful care over the Interest of the institution, and 
concluded in terms of high commendation of his Zeal, fidelity and 
abUity, tendering him the thanks of the Craft and his own in par- 
ticular, and wishing him a fuU measure of the blessings of this life, 
and of that which is to come. 

" Brother Duplessis in Answer requested the R. W. Grand Master 
and the Grand Lodge, to be assured of the high sense which he enter- 
tained of the honor done him by so flattering a Testimonial of his 
conduct, which, said he, would have been an invaluable reward for 
Teal services, whilst his were in his own opinion only supposed ones, 
and in terms of great sensibility and Affection, reciprocated the good 
wishes of the Brethren, avowing his devotion to the order and his 
readiness to employ the feeble remnant of his days in promoting the 
Interest and advancement of the ancient Craft." 

The exact place and date of his birth in France are not 
known, nor are there any records to show when and where he 
was made a Mason. In the petition for a Warrant by the 
Brethren in St. Domingo, it states that one of the Brethren 
had sat with Bro. Duplessis in a symbolical Lodge in France." 
From our records it appears that he was admitted in Mont- 
gomery Lodge, No. 19, in Philadelphia, January 13, 1787, and 
was elected Worshipful Master, June, 1790; he resigned, and 
joined Harmony Lodge, No. 52, December 28, 1791, from 
which Lodge he withdrew, June 9, 1792, to become Warrant 

9 Vide, p. 254, infra. 

18 257 

SDltj 9$a0onic ^oHt& of ^enn&v^bania 

Master of the new French Lodge in Philadelphia, St. Louis, No. 
53, formed, as stated in their petition, by French Emigres.^" 

June 7, 1806, Bro. Duplessis was admitted a member of 
Columbia Lodge, No. 91, at Philadelphia, of which he re- 
mained a member until his death, November 8, 1815, after a 
long and painful illness, in the sixty-seventh year of his age. 

Bro. Duplessis was also a member of the "Lodge of Grand 
Elect, Perfect and Sublime Masons" in Philadelphia, as ap- 
pears from the old minute book of that organization, in the 
Archives of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. 

Bro. Duplessis was a conveyancer, scrivner, notary public, 
and sworn interpreter for foreign languages. In his will, Bro. 
Duplessis mentions a son George, and daughters Helena and 
Sophia, wife of John Dubarry, his son-in-law, from whose 
house, No. 11 North Eighth Street, he was buried. 

The following notice appeared in the local papers : 

"Grand Lodge op PennsyijVania,^^ 

"Philadelphia, Sth Nov. 1815. 

" The Officers and Members of the Grand Lodge, and of the 
Subordinate Lodges in and near the City, and all sojourning 
Brethren, are invited to meet at the New-Hall in Chestnut street, on 
Friday the 10th instant, precisely at half past eight o'clock, A. M. 
ia order to join in Procession, by Lodges, to attend the Funeral of 
their late Brother PETER LE BARBIER DUPLESSIS, Esq. late 
Past Deputy Grand Master. The Brethren will appear dressed in 
Black, or as much so as may be convenient, and having their Aprons, 
Jewells, &e. and White Gloves. 

" By order of the E. W. Grand Master, 

" Geokgb a. Bakee, 
" Grand Secretary." 

November 20, 1815. At a Grand Extra Communication, R. 

10 Cf . Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 187. 
iiPoulson's American Daily Advertiser, Thursday, November 9, 1815. 


'^tibvitt to T5to, S!)U}flt&fii0 

W. Grand Master Samuel F. Bradford paid following tribute 
to the late Deputy Grand Master, E. W, Bro. Duplessis.^ 

" It is with much sorrow the Grand Master has to notice that since 
our last Grand Communication, Death has summoned to the World 
of Spirits our much regretted and beloved Past Deputy Grand 
Master, Peter Le Barbier Duplessis. In this Providential Visitation 
our Institution has experienced no common loss. His Zeal for the 
Order was unbounded, his Industry in its cause unceasing, and his 
Wisdom and Experience in Masonry seldom if ever excelled. May 
his memory be dear to every true Mason. May his Masonic attain- 
ments remain an Exemplar of Honourable Ambition, and may the 
suddenness of his departure teach us that we are all hastening to that 
Bourne from which no Traveller returns. The Grand Master need 
hardly say that every Masonic Honour which was in the power of the 
Grand Lodge was paid to the Memory of the Deceased, nor that the 
solemnity of the Funeral Ceremonies and good Conduct of the 
Brethren were such as reflected great Credit on the Institution." 

The next notice we have of this Lodge was at the Grand 
Quarterly Communication, held June 6, 1791, when Bro. 
Duplessis, the Grand Secretary, and Eepresentative of Lodge 
No. 47, held at Port-au-Prince, informed the E. W. Grand 
Lodge that by a letter "bearing date May 15 last, from the 
said Lodge, he was directed to present the E. W. G. Lodge of 
Pennsylvania with several papers written in the French 
Language, such as Extracts from their Minutes and Eesolves, 
Letters, Blanks of their Certificates as well for actual as 
Honorary Members, a list of their Officers and Members 
printed on white Satin, &"•> and presented the same accord- 
ingly, when, On Motion and Seconded, the same were referred 
to Bro. Vanden Brock and M°Cree, who are to examine them 
and report thereon. "^^ 

September 5, 1791. At the Grand Quarterly Communica- 

12 Reprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. Ill, p. 407. 

13 nid., p. 162. 


tion Bro. Grand Secretary, Duplessis, the Representative of 
Lodge No. 47, "informed the Lodge that he had received 
several Papers of the greatest Importance from the said 
Lodge, and desired a special Committee should be appointed 
to consider them. 

"Whereupon, on Motion and Seconded, the Committee 
heretofore appointed to consider some Communications from 
said Lodge were discharged, and all Papers relative to them 
were referred to Bro. Mason and M^Cree."^* 

October 13, 1791. An Extra Communication was held to 
receive the report of this Committee, viz:^° 

" The R. W. Grand Master mentioned the immediate purpose of 
his calling this R. W. Grand Lodge was to receive the report of 
the Committee to whom was referred the several Communications 
and papers from Lodge N°- 47 the Union of Franco-American 
Hearts held at Port au Prince and to take order thereon, and the 
said Committee reported as follows: 

"'To the Right Worshipful Grand Master, Deputy Grand 
Master, Officers and Members of the Right Worshipful Grand Lodge 
of the State of Pennsylvania in Communication met. 

" ' The Committee to whom was referred the several Communica- 
tions from Lodge N"- 47, held at Port au Prince, in the Island of 
Hispaniola under the name of the Union of French and Anaerican 

" ' Beg leave to report 

"'That in Pursuance of their appointment they have examined 
the said Communications, and are happy to find that the Brethren 
of the said Lodge have so eminently shown their Zeal for the Royal 
Art, and manifested their readiness to perform the Duties which 
are dictated by our Honorable Institution, Especially by giving 
assistance to Brethren in Distress, faithfuUy complying with every 
Ancient Rule and Regulation known to them, and soliciting further 
Instructions from your R. W. G. Lodge; and also by adopting such 
regulations as were necessary for their internal Government. 

" ' Your Committee observe with regret that information is given 

lilbid., p. 167. 

15 md., pp. 168 et seq. 


%orist 120. 47, ^otUatt'^tintt 

of the Death of the first Master and founder of Lodge N'- 47, Bro. 
P. Augustine Riquet du Belloy, whose Masonic abilities had en- 
deared him to the Brethren of his Lodge, and whose unremitted 
Exertions for the advancement, Honour, and respectability of 
Masonry created that desire to pay a joint Tribute to his Memory 
among his Brethren that the Praiseworthy and the Meritorious so 
justly claim. The Communications referred to your Committee 
further mention, That the unsettled State of the Political Affairs of 
the Island of Hispaniola, and the unhappy Divisions which have 
in consequence so generally prevailed in that Government, they have 
not disturbed or prevented the Continuance of their Masonic Meet- 
ings, nor obstructed the Business of the Craft; That, through their 
representative, Bro. Duplessis, your Grand Secretary, they have pre- 
sented a List of their Members, printed on white Satin | That they 
propose to forward the sum due for their Warrant, &c., as soon as 
a safe opportunity presents; That part of the said Monies were 
paid about twenty months ago to Brother La Plase, one of the 
Deputies from your R. W. Grand Lodge who was to have sent or 
brought the same; That they profess the greatest Submission and 
Obedience to all Orders and Communications from your R. W. G. 
Lodge, and express a Desire of having frequent Information on 
such Heads as will be beneficial to them, or at least serve to prove 
that they are not unworthy of your Pellowship and Brotherly 

"'Your Committee had before them the Memorial respecting 
Bro. La Posse and Biraud, together with the several papers therein 
mentioned, but as no papers are received from either Bro. La Fosse 
or Bro. Biraud, your Committee cannot give any opinion on the 
Subject; they therefore hope that a reconciliation has taken place, 
and everything has been settled in a Brotherly and Masonic Manner. 

" ' Your Committee therefore proposes to offer the following : 

"'Resolved, That the R. "W. G. Lodge do approve of the Pro- 
ceedings of Lodge N"- 47 to the 24"i of June last, when some differ- 
ences happened. That they join in Sympathy with the Brethren 
of the said Lodge in the death of their late worthy Brother Peter A. 
Riquet du Belloy, their founder, and their first Master, and that they 
approve of the manner used in paying that Honour to his Memory 
which his Lodge conceived expedient and necessary. 

"'Resolved, that this R. W. G. Lodge do cordially accept the 
return made and the Communications received, and that the Thanks 
of this R. W. G. Lodge be given to them for their Masonic attention 


jSDIti 99a0onic %o)JSt& of pennsislbanfa 

and regard to this R. W. G. Lodge, and that this G. Lodge will at 
all times feel a pleasure in Corresponding with Lodge N"- 47, in 
assisting their Members in the laudable Pursuit of Masonic Knowl- 
edge, and will with Cheerfulness confer on them such favors as are 
consistent with the Ancient Usages and Regulations of our Insti- 

" ' Resolved, That Bro. Grand Secretary, the Representative of 
Lodge N° 47, be directed to transmit our said Brethren in Port au 
Prince, agreeably to their request, such information concerning the 
Duties of and the manner of Proceeding in Lodges under this Juris- 
diction as can with consistency be committed to writing; That the 
R. W.. G Master be directed to issue a Dispensation to the Brethren 
of Lodge N"- 47 authorizing them to continue their Meetings and 
workings as heretofore until the R. W. G. Lodge shall have de- 
termined on the Difficulties between the said Lodge and Bro. La 
Fosse and Biraud, in case the same is not otherwise settled, and 
that Information shall be given by the representative of Lodge N"- 
47, to Bro. La Fosse and Biraud of the Memorial and papers re- 
specting them, requesting that they will give their answer, and 
furnish such Documents and Vouchers (if any they have) that may 
be useful in their Justification, and that the Secretary of Lodge N"- 
47 be directed to furnish the said Brethren with a Certified Copy 
of this Resolution. 

" ' Resolved, That the thanks of this R. W. G. Lodge be given to 
the representative of Lodge N°- 47, Bro. Peter Le Barbier Duplesssis, 
for his Attention in receiving and delivering these Communications, 
as well as for his zeal in the Service of the Craft in general. 
" ' Signed, 

"'Ben. Masoit, 
"'J. M'Cree. 

" ' Philadelphia, IS"" October, 1791.' " 

Nothing appear to have been heard from the Brethren in 
Port-au-Prince for almost a decade. This was evidently owing 
to the revolutions, unsettled conditions on the Island and 
changes of ownership. 

At the Grand Quarterly Communication of the Grand 
Lodge, held December 1, 1800, two letters from Lodge No. 47 
were brought to the notice of the Grand Lodge. One was 


JLoist Mo, 47, ^ott'-att'-ptinct 

dated December 6, 1799; the other one, dated January 11, 
1800, laments the death of General "Washington. 

The Committee on Correspondence reported upon these two 
letters as follows :^* 

" Your committe further Keport, that the Lodge La Reunion des 
Cceurs Franco Americains, No. 47, at Port Repoblician, in the 
Island of St. Domingo by their Communication, dated December 6, 
5799, after repeating the Assurances of their respect and Brotherly 
Affection towards the R. W. Grand Lodge, inform that owing to the 
Circumstances of the Colony they were obliged for several Months 
to suspend their works, after which Time they did resume them; 
that they cannot transmit the Account of their Works, nor of the 
motives which induced them to suspend them, nor the amount of 
their annual dues, adding that they will forward them as soon as the 
whole is prepared. They crave the continuance of the good will of 
the Grand Lodge, which they flatter themselves they have never 
ceased to deserve. They recommend Bro. Gettin, One of their 
Members, whom we find to have been taken and carried to Jamaica. 

" In their subsequent Communication, the Lodge sincerely lament 
the loss of our Illustrious Bro. George Washington and partake of 
the general sorrow his Death has caused, not only to Masons but 
to aU who knew him; they send an Extract of their proceedings of 
the 17'" of the 11 Month, 5799 (11 January, 1800,) whereby it 
appears that on that Day, they met with a Considerable number of 
other Brethren, to render a funeral Honour to the Memory of our 
most Illustrious and well beloved, late Brother George Washington, 
late President of the United States, &c. The Lodge was beautifully 
prepared in a manner suitable to the Grand Occasion, and the Cere- 
monies were performed agreeably to usage amongst Ancient Masons 
and Bro. Bedens, Orator of the Lodge, delivered an Oration which 
met the general approbation and Copies whereof will be forwarded 
as soon as printed. The Lodge repeat the same particulars as in 
the preceding Communications. 

" The return of their Members accompanying the last Com- 
munications, states Fifty One Members whose Civil qualities and 
Masonic abilities promise a speedy increase of Ancient Masonry in 
the Island of S'- Domingo. Philad*-- December 1«'. 5800. (Sign'd) 
P. L. Barbier Duplessis, James Milnor, Committee." 

16 Ibid., p. 441. 


Owing to the political and disturbed conditions of both 
San Domingo and France during the last decade of the 
eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth centuries, 
Freemasonry, for some unexplained reason, spread rapidly 
over the island of St. Domingo. Masonic Lodges were erected 
in different parts of the island, all of which held Warrants 
from the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, and worked in the 
French language. 

At the beginning of the nineteenth century, we find no less 
than four Lodges regularly constituted, of which 

Lodge No. 47, RiSunion des Coexjks Feanco-Americains, at 
Port Republieain (Port-au-Prince), granted December 18, 
1789, was the oldest and most important.^^ 

Lodge No. 87, Les Feeers Reunis, at Le Cap (Cape Haytien, 
Cap. Frangois), a seaport town of Haiti, on the north coast, 
85 miles northeast of Port-au-Prince. Granted December 15, 

Lodge No. 88, La Concorde, at St. Marc, a settlement on the 
west coast of San Domingo, 44 miles west of Port-au-Prince. 
Granted May 4, 1801." 

Lodge No. 89, Les Feeeres Sincerement Re-Unis, at Aux 
Carges, du Fond de L'Isle a Vachas, San Domingo, on the 
coast, about 92 miles southwest of Port-au-Prince. Granted 
May 4, ISOl.^' 

Under these conditions it was found necessary to have some 
superintending authority in that island. 

IT Vacated April 7, 1806. Cf . ' ' The Grand Lodge F. & A. M. of Penn- 
sylvania. Its Early History and Constitution from A. D. 1730. ' ' Phila- 
delpbia, 1877, p. 10 of Appendix. 

18 Ibid., p. 11, Vacated April 7, 1806. 

1-9 Ibid., Vacated April 7, 1806; reinstated September 15, 1806; sur- 
rendered September 4, 1809. 

20 Ibid., Vacated April 7, 1806. 


%(flist Mo, 89, Ifilt'&'Vat^t 


De la R.-. L/. N^ 89, 



D E 


A l'O.'. DES Cayes du Fond de l'Isle-a-Vache» 

Chez les FF.*. Gauchet, Lagrange ei C. Imprimeurs, 
du GouvernemCnt. 


MSS., Vol. y, paquet 122, folio 53. 

SDltt S^a&onic Hobsfd ot p^nn^^Ibania 


y Jean Marie Bonfour , TCideur pnUle , ni i La- 
glnevx d^partement da Lain , ag^ de Sy ans. IVlbr* 
honn.-. du souv .: chap.-, de la triple unit^ O 
du Poit-H^publicaia K .*• A.: It ^ Fondateur, 


ij Louis Silvain Pigeon , directeur de THopital mi> 
litair«,ne i yfommorentin en Sdogne ag6 de 67 
•ns.: M .-. ECC .-. Fondateur. 


V Donate Nathan ^ iot«rpr£te de la langue Anglai> 
se, n6 h. Liyourne en Italie, ag£ de 34 aut.* 
K •• A •'. R ^ JFohdateur. ■ 


y/" BaSmond Gobincau , greffier de la municipality 
de TokbecA , n^ k Izoa , d^partement de la Giron- 
de , ag6 de 4? ans* P *'* ^ •'• Fondateur. 


^ Louis Bernard Baurais , pharmacien n<^ & AmieDl , 
•g6 de 33 ant. M .'. 


MSS., Vol. T, paquet 122, folio 55. 


Hotise Mo, 89» l&U'a'Vat^t 


De$ff,\ qui Composent la 

S0D8 le Titre distinctil 
DES FF .: 
finckement Retnis. 

De rancienOB C«rstitntion d'-»ore^, r^guWr^ 
ment constitute k I'O .•■ des Caves , daparteoieot 
du Su(], isle e£ cAte de) Saidt'bomiasue, 60 Am^ 
rlqiieparlB T.-- R .^ G •. L '-de Pen.jilfflnie somite 
h i'O .-. de Pbitadelphie > le ao*""** jour du e*""*- moi« 
I'an de la y.'. Inmi^re £801. 

A V^poque du %'jioi9. jour in io<<Be. laols Van de 
}%. V.'.luiQiire 59oi, 


MSS., Vol. Y, paquet 122, folio 55. 


Consequently, at the Grand Quarterly Communication, held 
December 7, 1801, the R. W. Grand Master, Brother Jonathan 
B. Smith, sent the following letter to the Grand Lodge :^^ 

« Dee'- 7, 1801. 
"R. W. AND Respected Beethrbn: 

"Brother Duplessis, as Representative of several Lodges under 
this Jurisdiction in the Island of S*- Domingo, has submitted to me 
their request that I would create a Superintending Authority in that 
Island over the Lodges now or hereafter to be established there. 
Notwithstanding, agreeably to antient usage and aU the Books I 
have had an opportunity of consulting, I might have thought myself 
well warranted in proceeding, and the distances of these Lodges and 
the difficulty of regular intercommunication between them and the 
Grand Lodge evince to my Mind the Expediency of the measure, 
Yet I was not willing to Act on this Subject without first submitting 
it to the consideration of the Grand Lodge. If they shall judge it 
necessary to take any Order herein, or by their Wisdom can suggest 
anything which may tend to the advantage of the Craft, or the 
Honour or Advantage of the Grand Lodge, I or my Successor, 
should the Grand Lodge be pleased to make a change, wiU un- 
doubtedly accord with their views. 

" Brother Duplessis will submit the Application referred to above 
to the Grand Lodge and give the necessary information. I barely 
mention that it appears that Six Lodges are now regularly con- 
stituted on that Island. AppUcations are made for Two more, and 
I am well informed they are much pleased with the antient mode 
of working, and as far as they can procure instruction wish to con- 
form to it exactly, and that they profess an inviolable attachment to 
the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. 

"I have put into the hands of Bro'- Duplessis extracts from 
several Books on the subject. 

" With great respect and Esteem, 

" I am R. W. and Br°-. Tour Affectionate B''-. 

(Sign'd) « J. B. Smith." 

"Whereupon, Brother Duplessis having read the Applica- 
tion referred to in the said Letter also extracts from Old Con- 
stitution Books concerning Provincial Grand Masters and 

21 Reprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. 11, pp. 18-19. 


^tobindal (Bvmtt JLottst ot &t SDominso 

having presented Two Resolutions on the subject, On Motion 
and Seconded, The whole was committed to the R. W. Grand 
Officers and Bro"'- Duplessis whose proceedings shall also be 
the proceedings of this Grand Lodge and as such entered on 
the Minutes." 

December 21, 1801. At an Adjourned Quarterly Com- 
munication, the Committee appointed on the request for estab- 
lishing a superintending Authority over the Lodges in the 
Island of S'- Domingo made the following report, which was 
approved of :^^ 

" To THE Eight Worshipful the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. 
" The Committee appointed to consider the Letter from the Eight 
Worshipful Grand Master, Jonathan Bayard Smith, Esquire, and 
the Eesolutions presented by Brother Peter Le Barbier Du Plessis 
concerning the appointment of a Provincial Grand Master for the 
Island of S*- Domingo beg leave to Eeport: That they have con- 
sidered the Subject with due attention and are of opinion That it 
is expedient that a Provincial Grand Master be appointed and 
deputed for the Island of S'- Domingo aforesaid who shall be in- 
vested with the Eank of a Deputy Grand Master in this Grand 
Lodge and with the powers, privileges, and Honours of a Grand 
Master in his said District shall do and perform therein under the 
Authority of this Grand Lodge all such Matters and Things as ap- 
pertain to the said Office according to the most Ancient and Honour- 
able Custom of the Eoyal Craft in all Ages and Nations. That 
Tour Committee having searched the Oldest Eecords do find that the 
Appointment of such an OflBcer is a prerogative of the Eight 
Worshipful, the Grand Master and agreeable to their appointment 
have desired the Eight Worshipful Grand Master to appoint and 
depute as Provincial Grand Master for the Island of S'- Domingo 
such Brother as he may think proper with such instructions as his 
Wisdom will suggest to him. 
« Philadelphia, December 19* 5801. 

(Sign'd) " Israel Israel. 

" James Milnor. 

" Jn°- W. Vancleve. 

"P. Le Barbier Duplessis." 

22 lua., Vol. II, p. 24. 


In pursuance of the above report, the Provincial Grand 
Lodge was established under date of January 9, 1802. 

So far as known four Lodges were established by this Pro- 
vincial Grand Lodge, which were placed upon the Roster of 
the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania : 

Lodge No. 95, La Humiijte, at Anse-a-Veau (Luse a Veau, 
location not identified), St. Domingo. Granted by the Pro- 
vincial Grand Lodge of St. Domingo, December 6, 1802.^* 

Lodge No. 97, Paepaite Harmonie, at St. Domingo, estab- 
lished by the Provincial Grand Lodge of St. Domingo. Granted 
September 5, 1893.='* 

Lodge No. 98, La Persevekance, at Abricots, St. Domingo, 
a seaport town of Haiti, near the northwest extremity of the 


peninsula, established by the Provincial Grand Lodge of St. 
Domingo. Granted September 5, 1803.^5 

Lodge No. 99, La Temple du Bonheur, at Arcahaye, St. 
Domingo (location not identified), established by the Pro- 

23 Vacated April 7, 1806. 

24 ma. 

25 Vacated April 7, 1806; reinstated March 21, 1808; finally vacated 
October 27, 1810. 


— J '- ' 




7 J>t //mnvi/ 

J'on4 e^jytrforH 

VlilK BU BO-inftO MK K/ANSE -A- VEA..U, 



JLottst^ in &t. SDomingo 

vincial Grand Lodge of St. Domingo. Granted December 5, 

September 5, 1803. " Bro''- Duplessis presented sundry papers he 
had received from the E. W. Provincial Grand Master of the S'- 
Domingo containing an Account of the Installation of the Provincial 
Grand Lodge aforesaid, at Port Republican on the 1°' Day of June, 
5802, the Names of the Grand Officers and a List of the Lodges 
under their Jurisdiction to that date. Six in Number, to wit: 

"Lodge The Union of Franco American Hearts, N"- 47, at Port 

Eepublican, late Port au Prince. 
"Lodge Les Freres Reunis, N»- 87, at the Cape. 
" Lodge Concorde at S'- Marc, N"- 88. 

" Lodge Les Freres Sincerement Reunis at Aux Cayes, N"- 89. 
"Lodge L'Humilite at Lause a'Veau, N"- 95. 
"Lodge La parfaite Harmonic, S*- Domingo. 
" Said last mentioned Lodge ' La parfaite Harmonie ' not having 
been reported to this Grand Lodge before, (it having been 
Constituted since the receipt of the last Communication from 
the said Provincial G. Lodge,) the same is to be Registered 
and Numbered and have precedence and Rank in this Grand 
Lodge as of this Date and the Number and Rank therefore 
of the said Lodge is 97. 
"Bro''- Duplessis informed the Grand Lodge that the unhappy 
Circumstances of the Colony had prevented the meetings of the 
Provincial Grand Lodge and of several Lodges and that the R. W. 
Provincial Grand Master would as soon as possible forward the 
proper Returns, Dues, &c. 

"Bro'- Duplessis also presented a List of the OfiBcers and Mem- 
bers of Lodge N°- 89, on the 25"" August, 5801, the Day of their 
Installation by Bro'- Jacques Michot, Pierre Courroy and Ignace 
Salomon, Deputized for that purpose, also a List of the Officers and 
Members of the said Lodge on S*- John the Evangelist's Day, 5801. 
" It appeared by the said Communication that Bro''- Duplessis is 
Honorary Member forever of the said Lodge, also that he is duly 
appointed Proxy of the said Lodge N°- 89. 

"Bro'- Jean Marie Bonjour, W. M""- of said Lodge N"- 89, in- 
formed the G. Lodge that owing to the continual Dangers and 
Distress the Colony was exposed to from the Negroes, the greatest 

26 Vacated April 7, 1806. 


part of the Brethren who had escaped with their lives, had en- 
deavoured to procure a passage to the Country or Europe and that 
many had been plundered of all they had saved by the British 

December 5, 1803. At the Grand Quarterly Communica- 
tion, "A Eeturn was made from Bro''- Hacquet, K. W. Deputy 
Provincial Grand Master of the Provincial Grand Lodge 
established by this Gr. Lodge at Port au Prince in the Island 
of S'- Domingo, of Lodges under the Jurisdiction of said Pro- 
vincial Grand Lodge, being 8 in Number, whereof Two are 
New Lodges, Viz : 

"Lodge La Perseverance, held at Abricots, and 

' ' Lodge Le Temple du Bonheur, held at Arcahaye. 
which said Two Lodges are to be Eegistered and Numbered 
and have precedence and Kank in this Grand Lodge as of this 
Date and the Number and Rank of Lodge La Perseverance is 
98 and of Lodge Le Temple du Bonheur, 99."" 

April 7, 1806. It was "Resolved, That the "Warrant of the 
Provincial Grand Lodge of St. Domingo be vacated, said Pro- 
vincial Grand Lodge having ceased by reason of the disturb- 
ances in that Island." 

The following copy of a letter sent to the Brethren in the 
West Indies was found in our Archives :^* 

"PniLADa- 6 May 1806 
" W. Sir & Bro.''- 

" Not knowing where any of the Officers of the late Prov'- G. L. of 
S'- Domingo are, except yourself, I take the liberty of enclosing to 
you the Resolution of the Grand Lodge respecting the vacation of 
the Warr*- of y'- s^- Prov' G. L. by reason of its having ceased on 
ace* of the unhappy disturbances in S*- Domingo. If you are pos- 
sessed of the Warrant, Papers, &c. or if not in your possession but 
in your power to procure them you will have the goodness to trans- 

27 Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. II, p. 104. 

28 MSS., Vol. Y, paquet 199, folio 15. 


%i&t ot %ot>st0 in &t, SDomtngo 





mit them to me agreeably to the said Resolution & the regulations 
of the Gr. Lodge, but if they cannot be procured I would request the 
favor of you giving me what information you can respecting them. 
I also enclose to you, for the like purpose, Circulars to the late 
Officers of the late Lodges N"- 47, 87, 88, 89, 95, 97, 98 & 99 all 
which were lately under the Superintendance of the said late 
Provincial Grand Lodge, and thank you to do the needful, or what 
may be in your power to do, respecting them. 

" I would also request the favour of being fully informed, on 
the following subject, if in your power to give the Information or 
to procure it 

" The Warrant of Lodge No. 87 was granted 15* DeC 1800 

" The Warrants of Nos. 88 & 89 were granted 4 May 1801 

" Three Warrants, together with the Dispensation to constitute the 
Lodges, were delivered to Bro' Peter Le Barbier Duplessis, but with- 
out being paid for. It was stated that he was to forward them to 
S'- Domingo & that the money was to be remitted to him and that 
he was to pay the same to the Grand Lodge, but the G. Lodge has 
never been paid for them, neither has there ever any Grand Lodge 
Dues been received on account of either of said Lodges. 

" The Grand Lodge has never rec'd any Thing on acco* of the 
Lodges No. 95, 97, 98 & 99 all which were established by the said 
late Provincial Grand Lodge. 

" The Grand Lodge has never ree* any Thing from the said late 
Provincial Grand Lodge 

" On the 8"" Decem' 1800 there were 5 Dispensations in blank 
deliv* to Bro'' Duplessis for holding Lodges in S'- Domingo, and on 
the 12* October 1801 there was 1 Dispensation in blank deliv* to 
him for holding a Lodge in S' Domingo & 7 Dispensations in blank 
for passing Brethren to the Chair in S' Domingo all said DispensB/- 
tions, being 13 in number, were to have been sent by him to S' 
Domingo & if used the money was to have been sent to him & by 
him to be p* to the G. Lodge and if not used the Dispensations were 
to have been returned. None of them have been returned and no 
money has ever been paid to the Grand Lodge on account of them 

" As no monies have been received for any of the said Warrants 
or Dispensations, nor any other monies or Dues from any of the s* 
Lodges as before mentioned it is therefore much desired to be in- 
formed whether any monies have been remitted and if so from what 
Lodge or Lodges? for what account whether for the Warrants, Dis- 
pensations or Grand Lodge Dues? by whom sent? at what Time? 



vi'K m<: LA. vij-i.E nv port de paix 



^tobtncial (Btmtt S^otige at &t, gago 

and by whom received here? as it is of consequence to be informed 
on this subject. 

" I hope it may be in your power to procure and give the desired 
information "W. Sir & Bro' "I Salute you Fraternally." 

The following commuiiication vras sent to the Grand Lodge 
in both the French and English languages ; it was read before 
the Grand Lodge, September 1, 1806, and was referred to the 
Committee on Correspondence to report thereon :^* 

"The Past Master's Council of The R.'. L.*. N"- 88, York's Con- 
stitution, under the distinctive name of Concordia, Constituted by 
the most 111.'. G.'. L.'. of Pennsylvania in the case of S'- Marc 
in the Island of S*- Domingo on the 4"' of May 1801 Now re- 
established & Sitting at S* Yago in the Island of Cuba. 

"To the most lU.'. & most S.'. G.'. Master & R.'. B.'. James 
Mjlnor and to the most 111.'. & most R.'. G.'. L.'. of Penn- 

Most 111.'. & most S.'. G.'. master & most R.". R.". B.". B.'J 

"The Past Master's Council N"- 88 being the Council of the R.". 
L.'. Concordia said number & authorized by the same; has been 
apprised with the Greatest Satisfaction that in consequence of your 
virtues — of your capacity & perfect knowledge in the art of 
Masonry.', you was raised by an unanimous vote to the eminent 
Dignity of G.'. which was filled formerly by the E.'. & W.'. B,'. 
j' B.'. Smith. 

"Be so good most S.*. G.'. M''.*. to accept of The Sincere Com- 
pliments and Brotherly Felicitations of the L'^.'. Council & be per- 
suaded of their best wishes that you might enjoy many years a 
Dignity on which you can't but reflect a great Honour. 

"Be so good, too, to remember our most lU.'. & most R.'. B.'. j' 
B.'. Smith of our Brotherly devoted Respect. 

" The R.'. L.'. No. 88 claims your protection in a very important 

"The most R.'. B.'. Barbier Duplessis, sent towards you in the 
capacity of its Deputy, will give you an account of the facts and 
motives he is to present you in its name, as well as to the most 111.'. 
G.*. Lodge. 

29 MS8., Vol. T, paquet 199, folio 11. 


" Their purpose is to get a Decision from the G.'. L.*. in order to 
ascertain whether it has been in the power of the most 111.'. & most 
W.'. B.'. Mathieu Dupostel, either as G.'. Provincial Master of 
Santo Domingo, or as Deputy G.". Master of the most 111.*. G.". 
L.'. of Pennsylvania to authorize the E.'. L.'. N°- 88 Constituted 
at S* Marc's to continue its operations at S' Yago De Cuba. If so 
the present representative is of no avail, if not the Honour & the 
Deference that are due to his talents & more over the Sacred Prin- 
ciple that a L.'. can't never be induced into error by the Person it 
has been authorized to consider as its Superior, are not these suffi- 
cient motives to ratify & regularise an authorization though illegal 
but granted, on principles of justice & Humanity? 

" Whatever might be the case the Past Master's Council in the 
name of the L.'. N"- 88 ask you the favour to grant them 

" 1 A Declaration or a Decree that might Justify the Conduct of 
the G.'. Provincial Master & Deputy G.'. Master & approve of his 
authorization & of the G.'. Provincial Comity's. If not at least a 
Decree agreeable to the said authorization 

"Finally in case of an utter impossibility of these things, new 
Constitutional Begulations under our numero 88 in order that we 
may open a new L,*. Sn regularise our operations till this Present 

" We do beg you to Cause our instruments & expeditions, which by 
this said opportunity are forwarded to our most W.*. B.'. & 
Deputy, to be represented to you. They consist of 

" 1 The authorization of the G.". Master & G.'. Provincial Comity 

on the date of the 6* day &) of the e"' month, 5805 No. i«* 

"2 The invoice letter directed to the most W.". B.'. Moret de 

Guiramand our V.'. of the same date No 2^ 

"3 Our instrument of installation on the 7*-^ day of the T* 

month i^Q_ li 

" 4 Our tableau for the present year No. 4*^ 

"5 Our present Petition No. 5** 

" 6 A bill of $50 Drs. for the expenses No. d«» 

" We hope you will do us the favor of a speedy answer. 
"Do indulge us the favor to be with a High Consideration & a 

submissive and B.'. Devotion 

"Your Devoted and Affectionate B.'. The members of the Past 

Masters Council No. 88. 

"MoEEL DE Guiramand 

«YbIe. R •_ J^^-» 


Witfott ot Committee 

September 15, 1806. The Committee of Correspondence'* 
"to whom were referred several Communications from the 
late Provincial Grand Master of S'- Domingo and from the 
late Lodge N"- 88 and 90, made Report, which was read and 
is in the words following, to wit:" 

"To the Eight Worshipful the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania: 

" The Committee of Correspondence to whom were referred sundry 
Communications from Lodge La Concorde, N"- 88, presented by the 
E. W. Grand Master and Bro"'- Le Barbier Duplessis, also a Letter 
from the E. W. Mathieu Dupotet, late Provincial Grand Master in 
the Island of S'- Domingo, and an Address and Petition from the 
Worshipful Master and Brethren of Lodge La Perseverance, N"- 98, 
late at the Abricots in the Island of S'- Domingo, presented by Bro""- 
Duplessis, beg leave to Eeport. 

"That they have taken the whole in their serious Consideration 
and find that a Considerable Number of Brethren, Members of the 
different Lodges under your Jurisdiction at S'- Domingo having had 
the good fortune to escape from the Hands of the Blacks, had taken 
refuge in the Spanish Island of Cuba, as well as several other 
Masons, which gave room to frequent private Committees and 
Clandestine makings, to scandal and abuses of all kinds. That the 
good Masons were exasperated at such Conducts and applied at 
several Times to the E. W. Mathieu Duportel, late Provincial Grand 
Master of S'- Domingo, who was at Baracoa in the said Island, with 
several Members of the said Provincial Grand Lodge, informing him 
of what was doing every Day and requested he would by virtue of 
his Authority and Powers grant Warrants for New Lodges on 
Dispensations to open the Lodges, late from S'- Domingo, whose 
Officers were then at S'- Yago, pleading the absolute necessity to put 
an end to the said scandals and irregularities, by giving to true 
Masons a central point to unite themselves in and establishing a 
Tribunal that might judge and punish the guilty, or at least give 
them an opportunity to return and follow the paths of Wisdom and 

" That the said E. W. Mathieu Duportel, though convinced that his 
Authority and of the Provincial Grand Lodge of S'- Domingo, had 
been superceded by the removal from the Island, as well as the 

30 Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. II, pp. 211 et seq. 


subordinate Warrants, yielding to the imperiousness of Circum- 
stances and convinced that the establishment of a Lodge at S'- Yago 
was the only means to put a stop to those evils and to render to 
Masonry those advantages it would otherwise have lost by the con- 
fusion and Anarchy wherein it had fallen in that City, thought 
proper and even indispensable, to submit the whole to a Grand 
Committee he called for the purpose at Baracoa aforesaid, on the 
6^^ of August, 5805, and the result of their deliberations was that for 
the reasons above stated, under the most imperious Circumstances, 
and in Order to promote the respectability and Advancement of the 
Order, they Eesolved to Authorize our Worthy Brother, Morel de 
Guiramand, Master of Lodge La Concorde, N"^ 88, to open the said 
Lodge until further Orders conforming themselves to General Regu- 
lations of Masonry and those of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania." 

" That the said Lodge was by virtue of said Authorization, opened 
at S'- Yago, and have since proceeded to their works with the regu- 
larity and Zeal which are the Characteristic of True Masons and 
that they pray the R. Worshipful Grand Lodge to sanction their 
Works and the continuance thereof. 

" Your Committee are sensible that the powers of the Provincial 
Grand Master and Grand Lodge had absolutely ceased, but they are 
of opinion that the Conduct and interference of the R. W. G. 
Master and other Members of the Provincial Grand Lodge of S*- 
Domingo, to save Masonry from disgrace in a Country where the 
People are already so much prepossessed against it, and at a Time 
when the most imperious necessity commanded an immediate remedy, 
are laudable and deserve the approbation and thanks of this Grand 

" Your Committee offer the following Resolutions. 

" Resolved, That so much of the Resolutions of the R. W. Grand 
Lodge of the 7"" of April last past, as Vacates the Provincial Grand 
Lodge of S*- Domingo and the Warrant of Lodge N°- 88, be 

" Resolved, That the Powers and jurisdiction of the Provincial 
Grand Master and Grand Lodge, late of S'- Domingo be extended to 
the Island of Cuba, over the Lodges formerly constituted at S'- 
Domingo aforesaid, until the further Orders of this Grand Lodge. 

" Resolved, That the Grand Lodge do sanction and confirm the 
proceedings of Lodge " La Concorde, N"- 88 " since the 6"" August, 

"Resolved, that the Address and Petition of Lodge La Per- 


Hepoct ot €ommittet 

severance, N"- 98, and the complaiat of Lodge N"- 88, against them, 
be referred to the Provincial Grand Master and Grand Lodge afore- 

Philad«-. Sepf- 15*". 5806. 

"P. Lb Bahbier Duplessis. 
"Robert Lewis. 
"Tho=- Hbnnessy." 

"Whereupon, On Motion made and Seconded, Resolved, 
that the said Resolutions be taken up separately. 

"The First of the said Resolutions being read and Con- 
sidered was Unanimously Adopted. 

"The Second of the said Resolutions being read and Con- 
sidered was Unanimously Adopted. 

"The Third Resolution being read and Considered was 
Unanimously Adopted. 

"The Fourth Resolution being read and Considered was 
Unanimously Adopted. 

"On Motion made and Seconded, Resolved, That the Com- 
mittee of Correspondence transmit Copies of the said Report 
and proceedings to the Provincial Grand Lodge of S'- Do- 
mingo and Cuba and to Lodge N°- 88. 

"Bro'- Duplessis paid the Sum of $50. on Account of Lodge 
N°- 88, into the Hands of Bro''- Grand Treasurer." 

The Brethren of Lodge No. 47, however, seem to have kept 
their organization intact as well as they could, during these 
troublous times, until all of the white residents in the island 
were expelled by the negroes. 

The "Warrant was vacated by the Grand Lodge for delin- 
quency, April 7, 1806. The document, however, was retained 
by the Brethren, as is shown by the following petition pre- 
sented in Grand Lodge by R. W. Deputy Grand Master 
Duplessis, September 15, 1808 :" 

31 Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. II, pp. 354-356. 


"The R. W. Deputy Grand Master presented a Petition 
which was transmitted to him from New Orleans, which was 
read, and is in the words following, to wit: 

"To the E. W. Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania: 

" The Petition of Louis John Susson, John Zanieo and Peter 
Ambruse Cuvillier, formerly Members of the W. Lodge N°- 47, and 
called Union of Franco American Hearts, formerly had at Port au 
Prince in the Island of S'- Domingo mider the Warrant and Au- 
thority of your Right "Worshipful Grand Lodge, Humbly Sheweth: 

"That your Petitioners having been driven away from their 
Country by the late events which expelled aU the White Inhabitants 
from the Island of S*- Domingo, they took their refuge in the Bosom 
of the United States, where their Countrymen have ever found the 
most generous assistance and Hospitality during the whole course of 
their Misfortunes. 

" That Chance conducted some of the Members of Worshipful 
Lodge Number 47, to New Orleans on the Banks of the Mississippi 
River, and that the same good luck made them find in the possession 
of One of them, the Warrant delivered by Your W. G. Lodge to the 
said Lodge N"- 47, and registered in the Book of Registry of Tour 
Warrants, Fol. 291, &e., a Faithful Copy of which wiU be annexed 
to this Petition. 

"And Whereas your Petitioners are strongly impressed with a 
desire of contributing as much as possible to the Glory of the Royal 
Craft, they Resolved to apply to your Worshipful Grand Lodge in 
Order to be Authorized to resume their works at New Orleans under 
the same Number and Denomination as they did in Port au Prince, 
untUl they may be enabled to hold them in the latter place, and for 
that purpose they have associated to them the other Masons whose 
Signatures are affixed to this Petition. 

"Wherefore, they pray your right Worshipful Grand Lodge to 
grant them the Authorization which may be necessary to them for 
performing the object mentioned in the Petition, and in Case the 
above prayer should suffer any objection, your Petitioners pray 
your Worshipful Lodge to grant them a Warrant for establishing 
a New Lodge here under the Name of the desired re-union. 


Wio&tet ot %obst Bo, 47 

"Done at New Orleans this Fifth Day of August, A. C. One 
Thousand Eight Hundred and Eight, and of Masonry 5808. 
(Sign'd) " Stjssof, Master. " J=. Pitot. 

"Zanico, S. W. «M. Pacaot. 


" Chables Maett. " Edwaed Beooks. 


"Which Petition was duly recommended agreeably to the 
Eegulations of this Grand Lodge. 

"Whereupon, On Moti6n made and Seconded, Resolved, 
That a Warrant be granted for holding a Lodge at New 
Orleans agreeably to the prayer of the said Petition, and that 
Bro'- Grand Secretaiy make out a Warrant accordingly, and 
that the said Lodge be N"- 112. 

"Resolved, That the Brother who shall be Deputed to Con- 
stitute said Lodge N"- 112, be directed to receive from the 
above named Petitioners, the Warrant of the late Lodge N"- 
47, and that he transmit the same to this R. W. Grand 
Lodge. "^^^ 

Roster of Lodge No. 47, Union of Feanco-Ameeican 

Heaets, held at Port-au-Peince, in the Island 

of St. Domingo.*' 

When Initiated 
Name. Admitted. 

Francis Pemot B. A. Master 

Louise Jean L P. M. 

Jean Huard B. A. 

Bidderson Pascal B. A. 

Isaac Sargeoire P. M. 

Jaequese Legriel P. M. 

Amant Morin P. M. 

32Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. II, p. 356. 

33 Register of Members, Vol. I, Office of E. W. Grand Secretary. 


j3Dltt St^as^onic JLortst0 ot p^nnsislbania 


Louisettatharin Chamview P. M. 

Antoine Joseph Carpentier P. M. 

Michael Suche P. M. 

Joseph Rosselin P. M. 

Henry Bacque M. M. 

Jean Duver P. M. 

Jacques Michot P. M. 

Francois Thebaud R. A. 

Alexander Girardon P. M. 

Louise Prudor M. M. 

Robert Edward Lefebre M. M. 

Etone Gretten P. M. 

Meyer E. A. 

Pierre Amaud Fizellier P. C. 

Michael Alexander Ferdriel E. A. 

Julede Marie Marqueron F. C. 

Francis Bellair M. M. 

Bernard Baillargeau M. M. 

Antoine Mathieu Dupotel P. M. Master in 1800 

Jean Pierie Mozel de Guiramand. . P. M. 

Germain Haequet P. M. 

Pierre EUsee Bedence P. M. 

Alexandre Fourmer P. M. 

Blaise Julien Thounon P. M. 

Claude Louis Antoine Maillet P. M. 

Jean Baptiste Marquille P. M. 

Jean Delande P. M. 

Simon Cuper M. M. 

Jacques Philippe Puglier P. M. 

Jean Joseph Itter P. M. 

Pierre Pelissier P. M. 

Jean Baptiste Faulk M. IVL 

Jean Zamico P. M. 

Jean Baptiste Morice* P. M. 

Frederic Perdriel P. M. 

Joseph Dupont P. M. 

Quillaume Dubocq P. M. 

Louis Ragnos P. M. 

Etienne Laurent Mole P. M. 

Louis Dusilliet P. M. 


lSiO0ttt D( HotlSt Bo. 47 


Pierre Comet P. M. 

Jean Baptiste Gouley P. M. 

Jean Baptiste Poitier M. M. 

Etienne Magny M. M. 

Francois Daumas M. M. 

Marc Barrault F. C. 

Francois PouUault E. A. 

Eutrope Clement E. A. 

Mounier E. A. 

Jean La Grange E. A. 

Joseph LehoTix E. A. 

Pierre Lespiault E. A. 

Francois Nouel P. M. 

Etienne Fourteau P. M. 

Bartholomy Brunetau P. M. 

Etienne AcUand E. A. 

Pierre Le Barb Duplessis P. M. 




T. JOHN'S DAY, December 27, 
1785. At a meeting of the Grand 
Lodge, Bro. Thomas Procter pre- 
I sented a petition from several Brethren 
in South Carolina, praying for the 
benefit of a Warrant to hold a Lodge 
at the village of Winnsborough, in the 
State of South Carolina.^ 
This petition was accompanied with a letter from Bro. 
Edward Weyman, who was one of the most prominent Free- 
masons in South Carolina.^ 

The village of Winnsborough, for which this Warrant was 
asked, was the county seat of Fairfield District, in the center 
of the State. 

It was unanimously resolved,^ that the prayer of the peti- 
tioners be granted, and that the Secretary complete the War- 
rant as soon as possible. 

No records have thus far been found in our Archives re- 
specting this Lodge. There can be no doubt about a War- 
rant being issued and sent to Bro. Edward Weyman, as there 

1 Reprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 87. 

2 Cf. Chapter 45, 47 infra. 

8 Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 87. 


HotiBe B9. 47 at {izainn^botougj^ 

is evidence of an Ancient Lodge being in operation in Winns- 
borough, as early as 1788, which, according to Mackey, was 
then known as Lodge No. 6. He further states that he had 
seen the Minute Book of that Lodge from 1795 to 1810.* 

A thorough search has been made in our archives for Bro. 
Weyman's letter, without avail. Neither can any records be 
found as to the names of the petitioners or Warrant officers. 

It is known, however, that the Brethren of the Lodge took a 
firm stand in resisting what is known as the Union of Lodges 
in South Carolina in 1808. When they gave "every assur- 
ance that the Lodge would cheerfully agree with Lodge No. 
31 in supporting the ancient landmarks of the craft, and, to 
the extent of their power, would prevent any junction with 
Modern Masons. ' '^ 

4 Cf . " The History of Freemasonry in South Carolina, ' ' by Albert G. 
Mackey, Columbia, S. C., 1861, p. 513. 

5 Ihid. 





|ECEMBER 28, 1789, at a 
Grand Lodge by adjourn- 
ment, "On Motion and 
Seconded, the Lodge was called 
from Labour to refreshment, and 
being called again to Labour, fol- 
lowing Petition was read from a, 
number of Brethren of Bedford 
County, praying this Right Wor- 
shipful Gr* Lodge would please 
to grant them a warrant to constitute them a Lodge at Bed- 
ford, ete."^ 

" To THE Right Worshipfdii Grand Master, Deputy Grand 

Master, Grand Officers & Members of the Grand Lodge ov 

Pennsylvania & Masonic Jurisdiction thereunto belonging 

" The Petition of James Martin past Master, Barnard Dougherty 

& David Espy Master Masons inhabitants of Bedford County.^ 

"Most Humbly Sheweth That your Petitioners have been duly 
entered passed and raised under the Jurisdiction of your Right 
Worshipful Grand Lodge; That they live at a very considerable 
Distance of any Warranted Lodge, whereby they are deprived of the 
great benefit of improving in the royal art, and of contributing as 
much as it is their duty and sincere wish to the good of the Pra- 

1 Bepnnt of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 131. 

2 MS8., Vol. P, paquet 103, folio 41. 


ilotise Bo, 48 

temity : That it is their opinion that the establishing of a Lodge at 
Bedford would greatly promote the advantage of the Craft as there 
are in that neighborhood many Gentlemen wishing to be made Masons 
and several Modern Masons desirous of joining your Jurisdiction 

" Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray your right Worshipful 
Grand Lodge would be pleased to grant them a Warrant for holding a 
Lodge at Bedford aforesaid in the name of 'James Martin, Esquire, 
Master, Barnard Dougherty, Esquire, Senior Warden & David Espy, 
Esquire, Junior Warden, And as in duty bound your Petitioners will 
ever pray « j^jies Martin 

"Baenaed Dougheett 
"David Espy 
"Philadelphia Dec^ 28, 1789." 

Whereupon, on motion and seconded, the prayer of the 
petitioners was unanimously granted, and Ihe Gr* Sec'y 
ordered to make out the said Warrant, No. 48, 

January 4, 1790. At a Grand Lodge by Adjournment 
after the election of a Grand Master,^ and installation of the 
Grand Officers. The E. W. G. Master Jonathan Bayatd 
Smith then proceeded "to the Installation of Bro. James 
Martin, Master, named in the Warrant lately granted for 
holding a Lodge in the Town of Bedford, when the Reverend 
Brother William Smith, Doctor of Divinity, opened the Busi- 
ness by a prayer suitable to the occasion, and the said Bro. 
Martin being installed, the G* Secretary proclaimed the said 
Lodge duly constituted No. 48." 

June 7, 1790. Bro. James Martin paid £13.0.0 for the 
Warrant of Lodge No. 48, and four Constitution books. 

Bedford, where the New Lodge was located, was the seat of 
justice of Bedford County, situated on the "great" road 
(Chambersburg and Pittsburgh Turnpike in later years), 
leading from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh. Where it crosses 
the Raystown branch of the Juniata River, Bedford is two 
hundred miles west of Philadelphia and one hundred miles 

3 Reprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, "Vol. I, p. 142. 


east of Pittsburgh. It was formerly called Raystown, after 
one Ray, who had in the early days built a few cabins where 
Bedford now is. 

[Bedford County was originally a part of Cumberland 
County, and was established March 9, 1771, and named by 
Governor John Penn, in 1776, from a fort of this name within 
the county, which was probably named from the Duke of Bed- 
ford under George II.] 

Bedford, at the early day, when Lodge No. 48 was erected, 
does not appear to have been a fertile field, for the extension 
of Freemasonry, as the only return of members made to the 
Grand Lodge was in December, 1800, when they reported 
seven members, up to September of that year. 

May 14, 1805. They were again notified of their de- 

As no response was received to this notice it was resolved, 
April 7, 1806, that the Warrant of Lodge No. 48 be vacated, 
and that the Grand Secretary demand a surrender of the 
Warrant, books, papers, jewels, furniture and funds of the 
said Lodge, agreeably to the Twenty-sixth Article of the Rules 
and Regulations of the Grand Lodge. 

Ketubn op Members op Lodge N^. 48, Ancient York MiSONS.* 

James Martin P. M. A. 1792 Ap". 26. 

David Espy S. W. A. 1792 Ap'. 26. 

William M>=Dermott J. W. A. 1792 Ap'. 26. 

James Heydon E. A. I. 1792 Ap'. 26. 

William Ward E. A. I. 1792 Ap'. 26. 

Terence Campbell >.. E. A. I. 1792 Ap'. 26. 

John Fletcher E. A. I. Aug*- 29, 1793. 

John Webster M. M. A. Ap>. 30, 1794. 

John McCartney E. A. I. March 28, 1796. 

W°- SmaU M. M. A. Sep*. 28, 1798. 

This Lodge was finally vacated for delinquency April 7, 1806. 
*MSS., Vol. P, paquet 103, folio 44. 





Ar^N?**" ^jl 




^^^ C^^j^ 1 ^ 






HE following letter, soliciting a 
"Warrant for holding a Lodge 
in Moreland Township, Mont- 
gomery County, Pennsylvania, 
was read at the Grand Quar- 
terly Communication, Decem- 
ber 17, 1787.1 


Master and Grand Wardens of 
THE Grand Lodge of Pennsyl- 

"The Petition of Members of sundry Lodges from the City of 
Philad* and Counties of Montgomery and Bucks 

"Most humbly sheweth — 

That your Petitioners labour under many Inconveniences on Account 
of the great distance we live from the different Lodges to which we 
respectively belong, and therefore cannot gain that Khowledge in the 
Art and Mystery of Masonry that would do Honour to the Craft. 

"Tour Petitioners therefore pray that your worshipful Body 
would take our Case under Consideration and if found worthy grant 
us a Warrant for holding a Lodge in Moreland Township, Mont- 
gomery County, and that W™- Dean, Esq., may be appointed Master, 

1 MSS., Vol. P, paquet 104, folio 47. 
20 289 

W™- Bennet, Sen' Warden, and Abraham Dufi&eld Jim'- Warden 
of s* Lodge. 

" And your Petr's. as in Duty bound will ever pray. 
" Moreland Township " W^- De4N 

Montg^- County "WM Bbnfet 

Deer. i4tt ^^737 " « Abraham Dupfield 

"Adam Hern 
"Jacob Bennet 
" Isaac Hough, Secru" 

This was ordered to lie over, as no recommendation ac- 
companied the same. 

Moreland Township, Montgomery Comity, was originally a 
part of the Manor of Moreland in Philadelphia County, said 
to have been granted by William Penn to John Moore, Judge 
of Admiralty, and collector of customs at Philadelphia. When 
Montgomery County was established the township was divided, 
a part being situated in each of the two Counties. 

Nothing further appears to have been done in the matter 
by the Moreland Brethren, nor does it appear that a Warrant 
was issued at that time. 

Three years later, September 6, 1790, the appended petition 
was presented to the Grand Lodge by a number of Phila- 
delphia Brethren. 

According to the Minutes of the Grand Lodge,* on motion 
and seconded, ordered, that the Petition of Bro. Col. W". 
Dean and others, praying for a Warrant to hold a Lodge in 
Moreland Township in Montgomery County, shall be granted, 
and the Grand Secretary is directed to make out the same, 
N". 49, in the names of W"". Dean, M'. W"". Bennet, S'. W°., 
and Abraham Duffleld, J'. W". 

The following petition was then read from a number of 
Brethren praying for a Warrant to hold a Lodge in the City 
of Philadelphia, to be called No. 13. 

2Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 150. 


■I^ttition tot mattmt 

"To THE Eight Woeshh'ful Grand Master, Wardens, and 
Brethren in Grand Lodge of the Common Weai/ch of Penn- 
sylvania, AT Quarterly Communication met. 

" The Memorial & Petition of sundry Antient York Masons of the 
City of Philadelphia' Most humbly Sheweth 

" That your Petitioners hath hitherto been members of your Anti- 
ent & Honorable Fraternity, & under your Worshipful Jurisdiction 
Constitutionally Admitted & Passed. That your petitioners hath 
ever had a Veneration & regard for the Honor, Constitution, and 
Principals of the Antient Craft, but that from a Number of un- 
avoidable & unforseen circumstances We have been detached from 
the Lodges under which we have been admitted and are now Scattered 
as Sheep having no Shepherd. 

" That from an Emulous desire of promoting the principals & 
Fellowship of the Antient Craft, and a particular respect for the 
Honor of the Institution, We your petitioners have Associated to- 
gether, and most humbly pray that your Right Worshipful Authority 
would be pleased to Constitute us under your Right Worshipful 
Jurisdiction as Warrant No. 13 which we are inform'd is Vacant. 
And we do most humbly promise as Brethren not only to preserve 
that order and Harmony which Masons should support, but to attend 
strictly to the Constitution and Principals of the Antient Craft, and 
also to endeavour to place the Honor of the Fraternity on as Respect- 
able a footing as hath hitherto ever been known; In which prayer 
should your Right WorshipfuU Lodge deem us worthy. We your 
petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray &"• 

« Philad» Sep' B*-^ 1790 " 

"Rob''' Jones 
"George Goddard." 

"Recommended by William Allison 

David Copeland John Alexander 

P. Le Barbier Duplessis Fred. E. Molineaux 

J. M^Cree Richard Hunt." 

Whereupon, on motion and seconded, ordered, that the 
prayer of the petitioners shall be granted, but said Lodge 
shall be called No. — , and the Grand Secretary is directed 
to make out the Warrant accordingly. 

3 MSS., Vol. P, paquet 104, folio 48. 


From the endorsement by the Grand Secretary, upon the 
back of the petition, it will be seen that the Grand Lodge 
decided that the Warrant be No. 49. 

" Endorsement : 
« Sept- 6, 1790 

" To the Right "Worshipful! Grand Master, "Wardens & Brethren in 
Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. 

" The Petition of Sundry Masons for the Vacant "Warrant No. 13. 
Philad* Sep' 6'" 1790. Granted to be No 49." 

This action of the Grand Lodge was evidently not satis- 
factory to the Brethren from Philadelphia, so no "Warrant 
bearing the number 49 upon our roster was ever issued. In 
the "Warrant Book in the Grand Secretary the page (305) 
for that number is blank. 





5 3 












'ODGE No. 50, erected at the 
'Sign of the White Horse" 
Tavern, Bast Whiteland, 
Chester County, a landmark on 
the old Lancaster road — accord- 
ing to the old distance tables, it 
was 26 miles, 1 quarter and 18 
perches — ^west of the Court House 
at Second and Market Streets, in 
Philadelphia, from which, at that 
period, all distances were reckoned. 
This Lodge was the virtual successor to the old Provincial 
Lodge No. 8, whose place of meeting was within a radius of 
five miles of Valley Forge, and whose story was fully told 
in a previous chapter.^ 

After Lodge No, 8 had virtually disbanded, in the year 1789 
a number of the Brethren living in Chester County, and who 
had been companions in arms during the War for Independ- 
ence, made application for a new Warrant. 

lEeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 153. 


Their petition was presented at th^ Quarterly Comnranica- 
tion, December 6, 1790. 

"Praying for a "Warrant^ to hold a Lodge at the Sign, of the 
White Horse, in East Whiteland, in the County of Chester, or at any 
other place within five miles of it. 

" On Motion and Seconded, the Prayer of the Petitioners was 
granted, and the G. Secretary directed to make out the Warrant in 
the names of Bro. John Smith,* Master; John Bartholomew,* Senior 
Warden, and John Christie,^ Junior Warden, No. 50." 

" December 7** 1790.^ A Grand Lodge opened in Ample form. The 
R. W. Grand Master informed the Brethren that the purpose of this 
Meeting was to instal the OflScers of Lodge No. 50 to whom a War- 
rant was granted at the last Quarterly Communication, and all the 
Brethren who had not passed the Chair having been requested to 
withdraw, the R. W. Grand Master Jonathan B. Smith appointed 
Bro. Vanden Brock and Few to examine Bro. John Smith, mentioned 
in the Warrant, the Master of the said Lodge N"- 50, who reported 
that upon due examination they had found the said Bro. Smith pos- 
sessed of all Skill, Ability and other requisite qualities to preside 
over a Lodge, and introduced him as such; Whereupon, the R. W. 
G. Master installed the said Bro. John Smith, Master of said Lodge 
No. 50, according to ancient forms, and he was proclaimed as such, 
and the said Lodge duly constituted, when the new installed Master, 
in behalf of the Brethren of his Lodge, returned thanks for the 
Honour conferred on them." 

"June (J«* 1791: Bro. Smith, Master of Lodge No. 50, pre- 
sented a Copy of their Proceedings and Bye Laws which were 
referred to the above Committee. He also paid seventeen 

2 Cf . Vol. I, Chapter XII, pp. 211-249. 

3 Bro: John Smith, originally a member of Lodge No. 3, joined Lodge 
No. 8, June 15, 1784. Bro. Smith was a Past Master and served as an 
officer in the infantry during the Eevolution. 

* Cf. Vol. I, p. 220. 

B Bro. John Christie, late member of Lodge No. 29, also of Lodge No. 8. 
Ibid., p. 231. 

« Reprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 154. 
7 Ibia., p. 162. 


€^&tttt 99tmbtv& of fiottst Bo, 50 

Shillings for a Quarter of Dues and an Initiation, into the 
Hands of Bro. G. Treasurer." 

The Charter Members of Lodge No. 50, all of whom had 
been Members of Lodge No. 8, were : 

Bro. John Christie, 

" John Davis (Dr.),* 

" Ezekiel Howell,' 

" Persifer Frazer," 

" Cromwell Pierce,^"- 

" Thomas Cummins,^^ 

" John Smith," 

" John Bartholomew,^* 

" Thomas Boss," 

" John Davis,^* 

" Joseph McClellan," 

" Arthur Rice. 

The meeting place of the New Lodge, and where the regular 
meetings were held for sixteen years, was at the "Sign of the 
White Horse," also known as the "Upper White Horse," to 
distinguish it from an inn in Willistown Township, Chester 
County, which had a similar sign board. This ancient land- 
mark in East Whiteland Township, situated as it was on the 

8 Cf . Vol. I, p. 227. 
» ma., p. 231. 

10 Ibid., p. 216. 

iiTbid., p. 222. 

12 Ibid., p. 221. 

lit Ibid., p. 231. 

lilbid., p. 220. 

IB Ibid., p 232. 

i» Bro. John Davis (2) was a Native of Tredyffrin, and a son-in-law of 
John 8. Morton, one of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence. 
He died near Paoli, July 10, 1827, aged 74 years, and was buried in the 
ground of the Great Valley Presbyterian Church. 

nibid., p. 248. 


old Lancaster road, then the great highway between the east 
and the west, stands on the hanks of the Bast Valley Creek, at 
a point where the roads leading from Conestoga, the TeUow 
Springs in the Pickering Valley, the long Ford on the Schuyl- 
kill at Moore Hall, the Turk's Head, Goshen, Willistown and 
Chester all converged into the great road from Lancaster to 

The first candidate, who was entered, passed and raised, 
within the portals of Lodge No. 50, was Charles Dilworth,^* 
March 12, 1791. The first Brother to be admitted was Bro. 
James Bones, P. M. 

June 6, 1791. A Deputation was read before the Grand 
Lodge from Lodge No. 50, under the hand of the Worshipful 
Master, and the seal of the Lodge and countersigned by the 
Secretary, appointing Bro. Joseph Few^° who had been Regi- 
mental Quarter Master 4th Continental Artillery during the 
Eevolutionary War to represent them at the Grand Lodge. 

In the following year, 1792, there were two initiations; 
1793, two initiations, one admission; 1794, four initiations; 
1795, six initiations; 1796, four, etc. 

The original warrant ofiSeers served in their respective ofiBees 
until June 1800, being regularly re-elected every six months. 

The new Lodge continued to prosper and flourish. This era 

18 Charles Dilworth was the tavern keeper at Dilworthtown, Birmingham 
Township, Chester County, and in 1791 was the high sheriff of Chester 

18 ' ' The Eight Worshipful Grand Master informed the Brethren that 
he had ordered the Grand OfBcers to appear with marks of Mourning on 
their Aprons in Memory of our late Right Worshipful and Worthy 
Brother Joseph Few, Deputy Grand Master of this Eight Worshipful 
Grand Lodge, who had departed this life. On Motion and Seconded, 
Unanimously Eesolved, that the Grand OfSeers shall appear with the 
same Marks of Mourning at every meeting and Communication, and on 
St. John's Day next, and ordered, that it be recommended to the differ- 
ent Lodges held in this City to observe the same." September 3, 1792. 
Eeprint of Minute of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 189. 





















Eobge il2o. 50, SL, g. a?. 

of prosperity, however, before the close of the century received 
a severe check. This was the result of two causes. One of 
these was the removal of the county seat of Chester County 
from Chester on the Delaware to the "Turk's Head," now 
West Chester, a few miles to the southeast of the White Horse. 
The other was caused by the building of the Lancaster turn- 
pike, the course of which at this point lay far to the southward 
of the old Inn, and as the new road at once became the great 
highway of travel, the consequent diversion of travel and 
patronage, together with the establishment of a natural gath- 
ering place at the new county seat, left our Inn nothing 
more or less than merely an isolated cross-road country tavern. 
It was not long before the old hostelry became as deserted as 
it had previously been the center of life and activity. Still 
the Brethren continued to meet at the old Inn with varied 
success, notwithstanding the great changes which had taken 
place in the vicinity. In June, 1800, new officers were elected : 
Brother John G. Bull, serving as W. M. until December, 
1801. The following Brethren were elected and served as 
Master of the Lodge, while it met at the Sign of the White 
Horse, viz. : 

December 1801, Bro. Marmaduke Pearce. 
December 1802, Bro. John Rowland. 
June 1803, Bro. Cromwell Pearce. 
December 1803, Bro. John G. Bull. 
December 1804, Bro. John Lindsey. 
December 1805, Bro. Joseph Pearce. 
June 1806, Bro. Isaac Darlington. 

It was during the term of Brother Porter, who was elected 
Master December 27, 1806, that permission was obtained from 
the Grand Lodge to remove the place of meeting to the borough 
of West Chester. 


At an Adjourned Quarterly Communication, held Monday, 
January 5, 1807,^" the following Return and Petition were 

"Lodge No. 50, held at the Sign of the White Horse, Chester 
County. Election Return, returning Bro''- John Ewing Porter, W. 
M.; Bro' Ephraim BufSngton, S. W.; Bro'- Samuel Osborne, J. W.'; 
Bro''- John Gronow Bull, Treasurer; Bro'- Isaac Darlington, Secre- 
tary. Eetum of Members, also Account of Grand Lodge Dues. A 
Petition from said Lodge (No. 50,) praying permission to remove 
said Lodge to the Borough of West Chester in the said County and 
to hold the future meetings of said Lodge thereat or within Five 
Miles thereof, was read. Whereupon, On Motion made and Seconded, 
Eesolved, That the prayer of the said Petition be granted." 

The new home of the Lodge was situated in a room over the 
Prothonotary's oflSee, which was then on the southeast corner 
of the present Court House yard. The first meeting was held 
in the new location, June 5, 1807. 

Nothing occurred to mar the peace and harmony within the 
portals of Lodge No. 50, until the storm of anti-Masonry, with 
its baneful influence and results, broke over our state. The 
effect was widespread, and the eastern end of the county, where 
our Lodge was held, soon became a hotbed of anti-Masonry. 
Petitions were circulated against the Fraternity, and intro- 
duced into the Legislature, the Brethren were denounced 
from the rostrum as well as the pulpit, the envenomed darts 
of bigotry and intolerance being chiefly hurled at Lodge No. 
50, as it was known to be the most important Masonic center 
in the county. The effect of this crusade soon became apparent 
among the members of the Lodge, the Brethren gradually 
dropped off under the great pressure — social, religious and 
political — ^brought to bear upon them, until there were few 
of their number left. 

As the dark clouds of political excitement continued to 

20 Reprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. II, p. 243. 


JSio&tet of JLotst Mo. 50, SL 9. 9?. 

gather during the anti-Masonie period, 1826-1832, and the 
outlook for the Brethren became darker and darker, the anti- 
Masonie candidate eventually being elected Governor of the 
State, the Lodge at last succumbed to the pressure brought to 
bear by the fanatics and their misguided followers; so at the 
January meeting, 1835, the few remaining Brethren who had 
the courage to avow themselves as Masons, directed the treas- 
urer to dispose of the securities, consisting of railroad stock, 
etc., held by the Lodge. At the subsequent meeting in May, 
he was directed to pay the sum of twelve hundred dollars to 
the Treasurer of the Chester County Cabinet of Natural Sci- 
ences to be applied toward the purchase of a lot of chemical 
and philosophical apparatus. In the following September the 
Lodge suspended labor, and the charter was finally vacated by 
the Grand Lodge, January, 1838. Thus ended the direct 
descendant from the old Military Lodge at Valley Forge, after 
an honorable existence of almost half a century, and among 
whose roll of over one hundred and fifty Brethren may be 
found the names of some of Chester County's most honored 
sons and prominent citizens. 

EosTEE OF Lodge NO- 50, Held at White Hoese, Chester Co. 

When Initiated 
Name. or Admitted. 

John Christie A. 1790, Nov. 6. 

John Davis A. 1790, Nov. 6. 

Ezekiil Howell A. 1790, Nov. 6. 

Persifer Frazer A. 1790, Nov. 6. 

Cromwell Pierce A.. 1790, Nov. 6. 

Thomas Cummins A. 1790, Nov. 6. 

John Smith A. 1790, Nov. 6. 

John Bartholomew A. 1790, Nov. 6. 

Thomas Ross A. 1790, Nov. 6. 

John Davis A. 1790, Nov. 6. 

Joseph MeClelan A. 1790, Nov. 6. 

Arthur Rice A. 1790, Nov. 6. 


When Initiated 
Name. or Admitted. 

Charles Dilworth I. 1791, Mar. 12. 

James Eoues A. 1791, Sep. 10. 

John Quinn I. 1792, Mar. 10. 

Richard Robinson I. 1792, Apr. 14. 

Jacob Humphreys A. 1793, Oct. 12. 

John H. Coats I. 1793, Mar. 9. 

Dennis Wheelen I. 1793, Dec. 14. 

William Davis I. 1794, Jan. 11. 

Charles Willing I. 1794, May 10. 

Daniel Masey I. 1794, Aug. 9. 

WUUam Davis I. 1794, Dec. 13. 

Samuel Downing I. 1795, Apr. 11. 

Joseph HemphiU I. 1795, May 9. 

Abel Thomas I. 1795, Sep. 12. 

Cromwell Pierce I. 1795, Sep. 12. 

WiUs HemphiU I. 1795, Nov. 14. 

John 'G. Bull I. 1795, Nov. 14. 

William Worthington I. 1796, Aug. 13. 

John Worthington I. 1796, Sep. 10. 

Robert Frazer I. 1796, Oct. 8. 

John Smith I. 1796, Dec. 10. 

Evan Pugh I. 1797, Feb. 11. 

Jesse Roberts I. 1797, Feb. 11. 

Evan Phillips I. 1797, Apr. 8. 

John Shippen I. 1797, Mar. 11. 

William McWilliam I. 1793, Feb. 10. 

Edward Pearce I. 1798, Sep. 10. 

Thomas Taylor I. 1799, May 11. 

Washington Hannum I. 1799, Aug. 10. 

Marmaduke Pearce I. 1799, Aug. 10. 

Samuel Davis ; . . . I. 1799, Dec. 14. 

John Robinson I. 1800, Mar. 8. 

John Roland I. 1800, Nov. 8. 

Daniel Crousel I. 1801, Feb. 14. 

Thomas Lindsey I. 1801, Mar. 14. 

Jacob Neiler I. 1801, May 9. 

Joseph Pearce I. 1801, Oct. 10. 

Stephen Bowers I. 1801, Nov. 14. 

Thomas Parke I. 1801, Dee. 12. 

John Taylor I. 1802, Apr. 10. 






























z S 

JSio0ttt ot %oHt Bo, 50, SI, @. 9^, 

When Initiated 

Name. or Admitted. 

John Bowling I. 1802, Aug. 14. 

James D. Bernard I. 1802, Sep. 11. 

Richard Budder I. 1802, Oct. 9. 

John Lindsey A. 1802, Feb. 13, 

David Tearsbey I. 1803, Jan. 8. 

Joseph Vernon. 

George Norman I. 1804, Nov. 10. 

Moses McCloskey I. 1805, Feb. 9. 

Daniel Hiester, Esq I. 1805, May 11. 

Isaac Darlington, Esq I. 1805, May 11. 

John E. Porter, Esq I. 1805, June 24. 

Ephraim BufiBngton I. 1806, April 12. 

Samuel Osborne I. 1806, May 10. 

Jacob Righter I. 1806, Sept. 13. 

Joshua Baldwin I. 1806, Dec. 13. 

John Duer, jun' I. 1807, Feb. 14. 

Joseph Osborne A. 1807, Sep. 12. 

Isaac Tussey, Jun' I. 1807, Nov. 14. 

David Dickey I. 1808, Jan. 9. 

Josiah Ankrim A, 1808, Jan. 9. 

Caleb Bradley I. 1808, Aug. 13, 

Major McVeagh I. 1808, Dee. 10. 

Emmor T. Weaver I. 1815. Feb. 11. 

Henry Fleming I. 1815. Feb. 11. 

David Moody I. 1809, Sep. 9. 

William Darlington I. 1809. Oct. 14. 

Abner Miller I. 1810. Apr. 14. 

Joseph Jackson I. 1811. Aug. 10. 

Joel Way. 1811. Oct. 12. 

William Thomas. 1811. Nov. 9. 

Liba Pyle I, 

John Havard Davis. 

David S. Andrews I. ' 1812. Apr. 11. 

Sea Pusey I. 

Jeremiah Bailey I. 1813. Sep. 12. 

Samson Bable I. 1814. Jan. 8. 

John D. Curran I. 1814. Jan. 8. 

Joel C. Daily I. I8I4. Jan. 8. 

John Trimble I. I8I4. Aug. 13. 

Benj. Jefferies I. I8I4. Mar. 12, 





T. JOHN 'S DAY, June 24, 1792. 
A Grand Lodge was opened in 
ample form,^ when a petition 
was received from sundry Brethren 
"praying for a Warrant to hold a 
Lodge in this City, to be called the 
Lodge of S'- Louis, No. 53. On Motion 
and Seconded, the prayer of the peti- 
tioners was unanimously granted, and the Grand Secretary 
was directed to make out a Warrant in the names of Peter Le 
Barbier Duplessis, Esq'- Master; Baron de Beauvois, Senior 
Warden, and — De Chateaubriant, Junior Warden." 

" To THE Eight WoESHiPFuii Geand Master Officers & Members 
OF THE Grand Lodge or Pennsylvania and Masonic Jurisdic- 

" The Petition of the Subscribers some of whom late Members of 
different Lodges working under the jurisdiction of your R'- W- 
Grand Lodge 

" Humbly Sheweth 

" That your Petitioners have seen with a real sorrow that of late 
many worthy Brethren were compelled to abandon their relations, 

1 Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 687. 

2 MS8., Vol. T, paquet 105, f oUo 73. 


JLotst ot &t ILmi^t |3p. 53, SI, $. 9^, 

Friends & Property to save their own lives from a threatening & im- 
mediate danger, who having taken shelter in this Country, are, as it 
were, deprived of the satisfaction they would otherwise enjoy, by the 
difficulty they labor uhder owing to their being ignorant of the Lan- 
guage in which the Different Degrees are held in this City : That your 
Petitioners, conscious that it is a duty incumbent on every true Mason 
to welcome his Brethren from all parts of the Globe, and to do every- 
thing in his Power to procure them the means of continuing and 
advancing in the practice & improvement of the Grand work; sunder 
these Considerations, and actuated by the purest Zeal for the advan- 
tage of the Eoyal Art, are desirous to form a new particular Lodge 
under your Jurisdiction by the name of " the Lodge of S*- Louis " 
to be held in this City, at such place as shall be most agreeable to 
your Petitioners, wherein they propose to work in the Trench, and in 
the English Language as occasion may require. 

" They therefore pray your R' W Grand Lodge would grant them 
a "Warrant to establish a Lodge in the said City to be called " The 
Lodge of S'- Louis" in the names of Peter Le Barbier Duplessis, 
Esq'- Master; Baron De Beauvoir Senior Warden, & — De Chateau- 
briant Junior Warden. 

" And your Petitioners will ever pray &c. 

" Philadelphia June 15* 5792 B. Emaigee 

"Recommended by W^ Moore Smith 

" Jaco : Bankson P. Le Babbier Duplessis 

" Sam' Bence Aaron S. Laurance 

" John Jones M' William Nichols 
" J. M" Cree 
"Rob* Crozier." 

" Endorsed 
" June 25'" 5792 
" Petition 
" of a number of Brethren 
" to hold a Lodge in the City 
" of Philadelphia to be 
" called ' The Lodge of S'- Louis ' 
" Granted to be No. 53." 

This petition sets forth the special reasons for which this 
application is made, and the class of residents in our City at 
that time. 


SDlti St^a0onit Eotigesi of ^tnn&nlimnia. 

The revolutions in France and the "West Indies had driven 
many prominent Frenchmen to America. Philadelphia then 
being the seat of the Federal Government, the most prominent 
of these emigres of the ancienne regime naturally came to 
Philadelphia, prominent among whom at the time Lodge St. 
Louis was constituted were no less celebrities than the Duke 
of Orleans, afterwards Louis Philippe, King of France, and 
his iwo brothers, Montpensier and Beaujolais, Talleyrand, the 
Duke de Liancourt, Valney, De Noailles, Talon and many 

The Masonic certificate of his "Serene Highness, Louis 
Philippe Joseph D 'Orleans, Due de Chartres, afterwards King 
of France," is in the certificate collection of the Grand Lodge 
of Pennsylvania.' This interesting document was found by 
the writer among a lot of French certificates obtained in Paris 
during the present summer. 

As stated in above extracts from our Minutes, the petition 
was granted forthwith. 

At the next Quarterly Communication, September 3, 1792, 
the Grand Master "informed the Lodge that a Number of 
Brethren had applied for a Warrant to hold a Lodge in the 
City of Philadelphia, by the name of S'- Louis Lodge, No. 53, 
which had been granted them in the names of Peter Le Barbier 
Duplessis, Master ; Baron de Beauvois, Senior Warden, and — 
De Chateaubriant, Junior Warden; and the Master and 
Wardens attending, they were duly installed to their respective 
offices, and the said new Lodge was declared and proclaimed 
duly constituted, and the same was ordered to be registered 
in the Grand Lodge's Books, and the Secretary was directed to 
notify the same to all particular Lodges working under this 

3 French Certificate, No. 2919. 


JLoHe ot &t. JLoiilfi, MO' 53> SL, !?♦ 9?. 

The Grand and Subordinate Lodges at this time held their 
meetings at the meeting house of the Free Quakers at the 
southwest comer of Fifth and Arch Streets. The days appro- 
priated for the use of Lodge S'- Louis were the second and 
fourth "Wednesdays of each month. 

The time when Lodge S'. Louis was erected in Philadelphia 
was not an auspicious one, as it was during the next year — 
1793 — ^that Philadelphia was visited by the dreadful scourge 
of yellow fever, which for a time almost depopulated the city. 

The returns made by Lodge 53, were on December 27, 1792 : 


Peter Le Barbier Duplessis, M''-* 
Baron De Beauvoir, S. W. 
De Chateaubriant, J. W. 
William M. Smith 
Peter Le Maigre 
W"- Nichols 
A. G. Frannies 
John Berkley 
John Redman 

A. S. Lawrance Dee'- 27"' 1792 

Peter Le Baebiee Duplessis M'- 

June 24, 1793, December 27, 1793, June 24, 1794. Lodge 
St. Louis, No. 53, evidently did not flourish, as the last repre- 
sentation in the Grand Lodge appears to have been on St. 
John's Day, December 27, 1794. The Master, Bro. Duplessis, 
was the Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania 
during this period. 

No further records of this Lodge are known. 

*MSS., Vol. T, paquet 105, folio 74. 

21 305 





sylvania, was the first Comity 
established by the Legislature 
after the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. It was taken from 
Westmoreland County by the Act 
of March 28, 1781, and was in the 
southwest corner of the State. 
The county seat of the same name 
was in the center of the County, 
about twenty-six miles southwest 
of Pittsburgh. 
At the Grand Communication, held June 24, 1792, after 
the Warrant was granted for the French Lodge of St. Louis, 
No. 53, another petition was presented by sundry Brethren 
from the extreme southwestern part of Pennsylvania.^ These 
Brethren were from the town of Washington, praying for a 
Warrant to hold a Lodge in the said Town, viz.: 

1 Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 187. 


^ttitim tot Wiattmt 

" To THE Right Worshipful Masteb and Members of the Grand 
Lodge of Pennsylvania.^ 

" We your Humble Petitionars James Chambers, James Whiteside 
and Robert Pee Regular Master Masons As has appeared from our 
Sartiflcates and Trials Before our Adjacent Brethren in Pittsbnrge 
under the Sanction of your grand Approbation and some time ago 
we made Application to your Honours for a warrant By the Hands 
of James Ross and David Reddick Esq'rs and Received an Answer 
which let us know that without five we Could not obtain a warrant. 
But now we have got a sufleient Number that wiU Answer that End 
and we send you our Cartifieates and Being all well known to Each 
other in said Art. 

" Do most Humbly Intreat that you permit us to have a warrant 
to be held in the Town of Washington and there to support the true 
and Honourable Character of masonry and promote the good Effects 
of so laudable Antient and Just an undertaking and for the True 
performance of which we do pledge our Faith to keep the Honor of 
the Secrate Art StiU in View. 

" Your Worships Compliance shall Ever Bind us to Pray Whilst we 
have the Honour to be Gentlemen your most obediant and Faith- 
ful! Brethren and Humble Serv** 
" Recommended by 

" P. Le Barbier Duplessis " James Chambers 

"J. MCCree "Robert Fee 

" John Jones, M'- « James Whiteside 

"Cyrus Beckwith 
"Leonard Trier 
"John Farahan 

"We send this and our Certificates by the Hand of Captian 
William Faulkner^ and Money suficient for the Warrant. If your 

2 Cf. MSS., Vol. X, paquet 106, folio 3. 

3Bro. William Faulkner was a captain in the U. S. Army, and, in 
August, 1792, the government used his house as an inspection ofSce. He 
was threatened with scalping, tar and feathers, and compelled to promise 
not to let his house be used for that purpose, and to publish his promise 
in the Pittshurgh Gazette. 


Honnours please to Call on him he will Let you know our Characters 
and he will Deliver this By his own hand 
« Washington May the 28«'- 1792." 

" Endorsed 

" June 25«' 1792 
" Petition to hold a Lodge 
" in the Town of Washington 

« Granted No 54." 

"On Motion and Seconded, the prayer of the Petitioners 
was unanimously granted, and the Grand Secretary was 
directed to make out a Warrant in the names of James Cham- 
bers, Master; Jas. Whiteside, Senior Warden, and Cyrus Beck- 
with, Junior Warden; the said Lodge to be N"- 54." 

This Lodge, at that time, was the most westerly duly consti- 
tuted Lodge, not alone in Pennsylvania, but within the thirteen 
original Colonies. 

The new Lodge met on the third Tuesday of the month. 

December 7, 1793. A recommendation from the Master and 
Wardens of Lodge No. 54 was read before the Grand Lodge, 
in favor of a number of Brethren for a Lodge at Fort Burd 
(Brownsville, Fayette County). 

January 10, 1794. Lodge No. 54 made the following return -. 
they also sent a copy of their By-Laws and a copy of their 
earliest Minutes: 

" Washington 10*^ Jan=f 1794* 

" Brethren Beloved. In the arrival of brother Motty our Worship- 
full Late Master Brother James Chambers Conceived it necessary to 
direct me to make return of the Election for ofiScers of Lodge No. 54 
at Last stated Meeting to you. Our Election was Unanimous, Viz: 
Brother Absalom Baird Master Brother John Hoge Sen' Warden 
Brother W™ Arbutton Junior Warden. 

" In testimony whereof our said Worshipf uU Late Master has here- 

4 MSS., Vol. X, paquet 106. folio 4. 


75pfiai»fi of %ohst Mo, 54, SL, g. 

unto subscribed his Name and authorized me to aflBx the Seal of the 
Lodge this 10*"' Jan^- 1794 

" Tests : Jon» Morris See*'- " James Chambers Master. 

" Endorsed 

« Jan'y 10, 1794 
" Return of the Officers 

" of Lodge No 54 
"Registered by G. A. B." 

Verbatim copies of these By-Laws and Minutes are repro- 
duced, as they give an insight into the Masonic life on what 
was then the borders of civilization. 

"By-Laws op Lodge No. 54 held in the Town op WASHiNGKroii 

" Preamble 

"Whereas it is essential to the beauty Harmony and strength of 
our Antient Society that the Laws and Regulations for the Govern- 
ment of every individual Lodge be established agreeably to the first 
principles of the Craft and also that the first principles be declared 
in the regulations as well to keep them in perpetual remembrance by 
the already initiated Brethren as to give such necessary information 
to all who may be desirous to join themselves in the Bond of Tree- 
masonry — Be it therefore known that to become a brother of our 
Society a belief in the eternal God as the great Architect of the 
Universe, is the first great essential, a Mason is to observe the moral 
Law, and in no case to act contrary to the dictates of his own Con- 
science, he must avoid the Error of bigotry and superstition making 
use of his own Reason according to that Liberty wherewith he is made 
free, he must allow liberty of Conscience to all men, having Charity 
and Brotherly Love for all, he must be a good subject to the State 
in which he lives, as his obligations thereto will be greatly inforced 
by his duty as a Mason, he is to be a lover of quiet and be obedient 
to the Civil powers so far as they infringe not his limitted bounds of 
Reason and Religion, he must not be concerned in or privy to any 
plot against the State, but consider the welfare of his Country the 
peculiar care of a Mason — ^he must be industrious and not eat any 
man's bread for naught ; he must endeavour to abstain from all malice 

Bjiid., folio 5. 


and Slander and chearfully obey those set over him on account of 
their superior qualifications, however inferior they ma:y be in worldly 
rank for as a free and accepted Mason preeminence of virtue and 
knowledge he is to consider as the only slandard of True Nobility, he 
must know himself Capable of keeping secrets as it will be inforced 
upon him by the strongest obligations, he must be free bom, of the 
age of twenty-one years, of Good report, of sufficient natural endow- 
ments, with an estate, office, trade, occupation or some known way 
of acquiring an honest Livelihood; he must be upright in his body 
not deformed or dismembered, but of hole and intire Limb as a man 
ought to be; and for the more immediately well ordering and Con- 
ducting this Lodge it is hereby ordained by the Master, Wardens 
and Brethem thereof at this their Communication 

" 1^' That the regular stated meetings of this Lodge shall be on 
the third Tuesday of every month and the hour of meeting shall be 
from seven o'clock till ten in the evening from the 25"" of March to 
the 25* of September, and six till nine from the 25"' of September 
till March; the Lodge shall be opened within one half hour after the 
time ordered for meeting, and the List of the Brethren's names called 
over by the Secretary or who ever officiates for him 

" 2* The officers of this Lodge shall be chosen by Ballot by the 
Brethem present on the stated Lodge night before every Saint John 
the Evangelist's day, who shall serve untill the next Saint John 
the Evangelist's day except in case of sickness, absence from home, 
resignation or misconduct, and if any brother shall refuse to act 
when chosen he shall pay a fine of three Dollars to the Treasurer for 
the use of the Lodge. 

" 3* The new elected master shall have power with the consent of 
the Lodge to appoint two Brethem properly qualified to serve as 
deacons and may also appoint a Secretary and Stewarts any of whom 
neglecting or refusing to act shall pay for the use of the Lodge three 
dollars — except the Brother so neglecting or refusing has acted in the 
same capacity before in which case there shall be made by the master 
a new appointment but if the Lodge chooses the appointment shall 
be by ballot. 

" 4* When the Master or his deputy takes the Chair and Calls to 
order the Brethem shall take their seats and on proper notice their 
shall be profound silence, whoever brakes it first, unless by the 
Master's order shall be publickly reprimanded, no private conferences 
shall be held while the Lodge is open, nor shall any Brother move 
from his seat without leave from the Chair except the officers who 
have the imediate care of the Lodge. 


Sg«3E:ah)0 pf fiotist Mo, 54, ia. n. a?. 

" 5"^ One Brother only shall speak at a time and but once on the 
same subject without leave from the Chair except to explain himself, 
or when called upon by the Master; every brother when he addresses 
the Chair shall rise, nor shall any brother interupt him while speaking 
unless the master finds him wandering" from the point under the 
penalty of being reprimanded for\ the first offence by the Master, for 
the second fined half a dollar, and for the third expelled the Lodge 
untUl he shall acknowledge his fault and obtain forgiveness 

" 6** No Visitor shall be admitted in Lodge hours untill he be first 
duly examined and approved of upon report made to the Chair or 
well known to be an Antient Mason to two or more of the Brethem 
then present; and no visiting brother shall be admitted without the 
Consent of the presiding oflftcer. 

" T^ Any person who shall hiss or make divertion of a brother for 
what he shall have said, or who shall raise any angry dispute or 
quarrels to the disturbance of the Lodge shall for the first offence 
be fined two dollars, for the second four Dollars and be solemnly 
«xcluded and declared incapable of being a member untill he shall 
with due submission ask forgiveness of the Lodge and obtain it. 

" 8"" Any brother who shall profanely curse or swear in open Lodge 
shall for the first offence forfeit anl pay one Dollar, for the second 
two Dollars, and for the third be excluded from the Lodge for the 

" 9* No Brother shall sue or go to Law with a brother in ordinary 
cases untiU he first make his complaint to the Lodge to which such 
brother belongs, and if satisfaction can not be had by that means, 
the party agrieved shall obtain leave from the Lodge to apply to the 
Civil law for the recovery of his just demands. 

« 10* Every member shall every Lodge night pay to the Treasurer 
one fourth of a doUar, two-thirds for the Contingent fund and one- 
third for the Charity fund, and i£ any member shall leave twelve 
months dues in arrear he shall be excluded the Lodge and shall not 
be re-admitted untill he shall have paid up all such arrearages, with 
the addition of three Dollars to the Charity fund; provided always 
that if any brother shall be going abroad or inclines to retire from the 
Lodge he shall on paying up his Lodge dues obtain a Certificate 
thereof and shall be considered as exonerated from all further dues 
-while abroad or while choosing to be so retired 

" 11* If any member shall disclose any matter which the majority 
shall judge proper to be kept secret he shall be dealt with according 
to the nature of the offence, at the discretion of the Lodge. 

"12*'^ If any person shall be present at the entering, passing or 


raising of any person in a Clandestine manner such offender shall 
be deemed unfit for this Communion, except all the oflScers and two- 
thirds of the members agree in pardoning him, and in that case he 
shall pay the sum of thirty dollars to the Charity fund and all arrears 
that may have become due from the time of his expultion to his 
receiving Grace. 

" 13* Any person desirous of becoming a member of the Lodge 
shall apply to the Secretary or some other member of the Lodge for 
him who shall read over all the By-Laws to him, and on his approv- 
ing shall give hiTn a petition praying to become a member, which shall 
be presented by the brother who proposes him and which shaU lye 
on the Books at least one month before he is balloted for, and such 
brother shall deposit one doUar of the Candidates money to insure 
his attendance; if he is approved and initiated into the mistery he 
shall pay six dollars into the fund, which money is to be paid before 
he is entered, if he is not approved of his money which he advanced 
will be returned, but if the Lodge agrees to his admission and he 
refuse to be made he shall forfeit the sum deposited by the brother 
who proposed him, &c 

" 14* Any Ancient Mason desirous of becoming a member of this 
Lodge shall produce a Certificate of his good behaivour in his former 
Lodge upon which he shall be proposed and balloted for as men- 
tioned in the preceding article except in extraordinary cases when he 
may be admitted without a Certificate if the Lodge shall judge it 
expedient and that his reasons for such want are satisfied, and on 
admission he shall pay one Dollar and a half to the fund. 

" IS* That any person passed or raised in the Lodge on a stated 
Lodge night shall pay no more than the Lodge dues, but if a Lodge of 
Emergency be called then the person entered passed or raised shall 
pay all the expences of the night. 

" 16* Every member for non-attendance on a stated Lodge night 
shall pay a fine of one-half of a Spanish milled Dollar except in 
cases of sickness or being out of Town. 

« 17th jf an ancient Mason applies to become a member of this 
Lodge, or a person of Good Character applies to be entered passed 
or raised, and if it be put to ballot with white and black Counters or 
Balls, if there be put one black Ball against him he cannot be ad- 
mitted, but if it is looked up as an extraordinary case and unexpected 
by the Majority of the Brethem present the Master may order all 
the Brethem to attend the next regular stated Lodge night and may 
demand the reason why such person shall not be admitted, and then 
the Brother who put in the Black Ball shall declare his reasons for 


7&2'f^ai»& ot Kottst Mo* 54, Si, H. 9?. 

so doing if he hath not already done it to the Master in private in 
which case if the reasons are satisfactory to the Master they shall not 
be made known nor the Brother's name mentioned As a single Ball 
or Counter may be put in thro mistake it shall be a rule to put about 
the box again, but if more than one should appear that precludes 
any further inquiry. 

"List of the members belonging to Lodge No 54 at their first 
formation : 

" James Chambers, Master. 

" Absalom Baird, Sen'' Warden. 

" Cyrus Beckwith, Jun'' Warden. 

" Will" Sherard, Sen'' Deacon. 

" W"- Arbutton, Jun'' Deacon. 

" John Farahan, Tyler. 

" March G*"" Stated Lodge night. Jonathan Morris, John Watt & 
James Chambers were entered as apprentices; also, William Stewart 
entered & passed. 

"March 7* Extra Lodge — William Stewart raised to a Master 

"Apr' 16*. Jona"- Morris, John Watt & Ja^ Chambers were 
passed & raised. Cha"- Call entered. Hugh Dougherty rejected. 

" May 21^'. Charles Call passed & raised. 

" June 18* Daniel Motty entered 

"Aug*- 20*. Daniel Motty passed 

" Sept- 18* Daniel Motty raised. Chads. Chalf ant, Benj°- White, 
John Bowls, John Cristmas & Michael Sowers, entered and passed. 

" Sept* 19. Lodge of Emergency. — Chads. Chalf ant, Benjamin 
White, John Bowls, John Cristmas & Michael Sowers raised to the 
Degree of Master; and David Crawford entered. 

" Sep*- 27. David Crawford passed & Eaised. 

" Oct. 15. John Hoge, Esq., entered. 

"Nov. 13 John Hoge, passed & raised. Sam' Marshal, James 
Powell and Zephaniah Beal rejected. 
" Endorsed : By Laws of No. 54. Eeg* by G. A. B." 

This commumcation from Lodge 54 was the last received by 
the Grand Lodge for a decade. During that time the Lodge 
had become dormant, owing to political troubles, which arose 
in the southwestern part of the State, shortly before Lodge 54 
was warranted. Washington County was the hotbed of the 


Whiskey Insurrection, 1791-1794, and it was there that great 
meeting of the insurgents was held against the Federal Gov- 
ernment in 1794. There is no record of any of the Brethren 
of Lodge No. 54 taking any active part against the Government. 

The next communication received by the Grand Lodge is the 
foUowiag letter from Absolam Baird, the W. M. of the Lodge, 
after its revival : 

"Washington 18* April 1804. 
"D'^ Sir:« 

"John Willson, Esq., a Brother of ours will deliver this to you; 
it is well known that during our late political squabbles, principles 
were forsaken for party purposes in consequence of which our Lodge 
No. 54 was discontinued. A number of members who were not, nor 
cannot be swayed by such motives have requested me to write to you 
to know whether the Warrant can be renewed or if a new Warrant 
must be applyed for. Brother Willson, in whom you may repose the 
greatest confidence, will take the trouble to arrange the business. 
Our funds are exhausted therefore I doubt whether any dues can be 
expected for the time past. 

" I am with the greatest respect & Esteem 
"right Worshipful Sir 

"your sincere friend & Brother 
"Israel Israel Esq. "A. Baird. 

" G. M. of Penn»- " 

" Endorsed 
" Washington 18* April 1804 
" Letter from Absolam Baird 
"respecting Lodge No. 54." 

March 4, 1805. At the Grand Quarterly Communication 
Bro. Israel Israel, R. W. Grand Master informed the Brethren 
that he "had lately been at the Town of Washington, in Wash- 
ington County in this State, that Lodge No. 54 held at that 
place had been disunited and had not had any meeting for 
about four years past, that he had directed the Lodge to be 
convened and that they had again commenced their Labours 

elhid., folio 7. 


JSioattt of EoliBt Mo. 54, SL, g. 9?. 

with great Zeal and promised fair to become a very flourish- 
ing Lodge."' 

After a somewhat precarious existence the Warrant was 
finally vacated, April 4, 1814. 

Roster of Lodge No. 54 Held at the Town of Washington. 

When Initiated 
Name. or 


James Chambers A. 1792, June 25. 

Absalom Baird A. 1792, June 25. 

Cyrus Beckwith A. 1792, June 25. 

William Sherard A. 1792, June 25. 

William Arbatton A. 1792, June 25. 

John" Farcher A. 1792, June 25. 

Jonathan Morres I. 1793, Mar. 6. 

John Watt I. 1793, Mar. 6. 

James Chambers I. 1793, Mar. 6. 

William Stewart I. 1793, Mar. 6. 

Charles Call I. 1793, Apr. 16. 

Hugh Dougherty. 

Daniel Motty I. 1793, June 18. 

Chads Chalfant I. 1793, Feb. 18. 

Benjamini White I. 1793, Sep. 18. . 

John Bowls I. 1793, Sep. 18. 

John Cristmas I. 1793, Sep. 18. 

Michael Sowers I. 1793, Sep. 18. 

David Crawford I. 1793, Sept. 19. 

John Hoge I. 1793, Oct. 15. 

Samuel Marshal. 
James Powell. 
Zephaniah Beall. 
David Cooke. 
Jacob Shaffer. 
Joseph Pentecost. 
John Simonson. 
John Wilson. 
Alexander Reed. 
Thos. G. Johnston. 

7 Eeprint of Minutes of GTrand Lodge, Vol. II, p. 146. 


When Initiated 
Name. Admitted. 

Parker Campbell. 
David Morris. 
John McGiU. 
Zephaniah Bell. 
David Acheson. 
James Dougherty. 

David Pediek A. 1805, May 27. 

Thomas Hutcheson A. 1805, May 27. 

William Cooke A. 1805, May 27. 

Abraham Lattimore A. 1805, May 27. 

John Israel A. 1805, May 27. 

Jonathan Pediek I. 1805, Mar. 25. 

Joseph Dunlap I. 1805, Apr. 22* 

James Ashbrook I. 1805, Apr. 22. 

George Jackson I. 1805, May 31. 

Hugh Workman I. 1805, July 22. 

John Porter I. 1805, July 22. 

Henry Postlethwait I. 1805, July 22. 

James Dunlap I. 1805, Sep. 23. 

John McMun I. 1805, Sep. 23. 

Joseph Swearingen I. 1805, Oct. 24. 

John Mullen I. 1805, May 27. 

William Mcetkiske. 






■lUNTINGDON was the county 
seat of a County of the same 
name; it was in the center of 
I the State. The borough was on the 
west side of a branch of the Juniata 
River, about forty-five miles northeast 
of Bedford and ninety miles west of 
The town of Huntingdon was laid out a short time before 
the Revolutionary War, by Bro. William Smith, Grand Chap- 
lain of the Grand Lodge of "Modems," and later (after 1778) 
Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania 

Bro. Smith named the town after Selina, Countess of Hunt- 
ingdon, whose acquaintance he had made in England. The 
County, in 1787, took the same name. Previous to that time 
the place was known as "Standing Stone." 

The petition for a warrant to hold a Lodge at Huntingdon 
was presented at a Special Grand Lodge, July 12, 1792. This 


was recommended by Bros. P. Le Barbier Duplesses and J. 
McCree, viz. : 

" To THE Right Wohshipful, the Grand Master of the Grand 
Lodge of Pennsylvania. 

" The Petition of several regular free Masons of the Town of Hunt- 
ingdon in the County of Huntingdon and Commonwealth of Penn- 

" Humbly Sheweth 
" That your Petitioners are desirous of having a Lodge established 
in the Town of Huntingdon. Therefore, they humbly request the 
Right Worshipful Grand Lodge may be pleased to grant a Warrant 
to Jno. Cadwallader as Master, Jno. Marshall, Senior Warden, Wm. 
Kerr, Junior Warden for the above purposes and as in duty bound 
shall ever pray, &e. 

"John Cadwallader 
"John Marshall 
"William Kerr 
" Wm. Stewart 
"James Elliott 
" June 22nd, 1792." 


"I am well acquainted with Brother Cadwallader and am of 
opinion that a Lodge established at Huntingdon, under his Direction, 
will tend to promote Harmony and brotherly love on our frontiers. 

" W. Moore Smith. 

"June 22nd, 1792. 

"Petition of establishing a Lodge in Huntingdon. No. 55." 

" Whereupon, on Motion and Seconded, Resolved, That the prayer 

of the Petitioners be granted, and Bro. Grand Secretary was directed 

to make out a Warrant in the names of John Cadwallader, Master; 

John Marshall, Senior Warden; and William Kerr, Junior Warden; 

the said Lodge to be called No. 55."* 

No returns being received from Lodge No. 55, after tbeir 
constitution, until toward the close of the century, and then 

1 MSS., Vol. U, paquet 107, folio 3. 

2 Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 288. 


JLotiSt iRO. 55, SL $. 99, 

only after the Brethren had been repeatedly admonished by 
the Grand Lodge in reference to their delinquency. This 
brought the two following letters from the Lodge to Bro. 
George A. Baker, the Grand Secretary, and were both read 
before the Grand Lodge, September 1, 1800, who stated he had 
given the necessary instructions : 

" Sir and Brother; — * 

" The Besolution of the Grand Lodge as to the Suspension and 
Vacation of Warrants for non-pajrment of Grand Lodge dues, Along 
with Doctor McGaws Oration have Reached us. It has been supposed 
by some of our Brethren in that their dues are payable out of the 
Funds of the Respective Lodges, but although most of us are con- 
vinced that they must be paid out of the private pockets of the 
individual Members, yet we have thought it right to have the advice 
and sanction of the G. Lodge. This has been the cause of our delay 
in paying up ova: dues. Be so kind as to send an answer in course 
of past. 

" I Remain Sir and Brother with due Respect your Most W. and 
M. Sr. 

" Jas. Patton, M. 
" Huntingdon 18th June 1800." 


"18 June 1800. 

" Letter from Lodge No. 55 respecting their dues. 
" Read in Grand Lodge 1st Septr. 1800, and Grand Seery. informed 
that he had given the necessary instructions." 

" Arch Street, 17th July, 1800. 
"D. Sir, 

" On my arrival I went to your former place of residence but found 
you had removed.* 

" It was my wish to be informed of the manner of making up the 
amount of Lodge Dues. Some of the Members of Lodge No. 55 are 
of opinion that 4/- annually must be paid to the Grd. Lodge funds, 
by each member, as Grd. Lodge dues, and I have a memo, from you 

3MSS., Vol. U, paquet 107, folio 13. 
4 MSS., Volume TJ, paquet 107, folio 14 


some time ago (not official) wherein I am induced to think that 
those dues are payable out of the funds of the sub-ordinate Lodge. 
Being anxious to have our Lodge dues fixed up, I have it in charge 
from Lodge No. 55 to call on you for an extract of the rules and 
regulations respecting this point of our Masonic duty. 

"You will please furnish me by Friday evening, if convenient, 
otherwise you will be so good as to drop your communication in the 
postoffice, I am. Dr. Sir, yours with esteem, &c., 

"John Cadwalladeb " 


«17th July, 1800. 
" Letter from John CadwaUader respecting Dues of No. 55. 
" Bead in Grand Lodge 1st Septr. 1800." 

The next communication from some of the Huntingdon 
Brethren was the following petition, sent to the Grand Lodge 
which was read, December 15, 1800, and which shows the 
struggle of these Brethren in this sparsely settled section of 
our State. 

" To THE Eight Worshipful the Grand Lodge op Pennsylvania. 

" The Memorial and Petition of the Master, Wardens and Brethren 
of Lodge No. 55 held in the Town of Huntingdon.* 

" The Memorialists beg leave to submit to the Grand Lodge the 
following Statement of facts relative to the funds and resources of 
their Lodge. Owing to a neglect which they cannot altogether justify, 
the Annual Dues to the Charity Fund of the Grand Lodge have never 
been paid by Lodge No. 55, but they have herewith transmitted to 
the Secretary a statement of the Dues from the date of their War- 
rant up to St. John's Day 12 December last & of Initiation Fees 
up to this time, from which it will appear that the sum of 104 Dol- 
lars 55 Cents is due to the Grand Lodge. This debt will nearly 
exhaust their funds (there being but a few dollars left) and leave 
your Memorialists without any resource (voluntary contribution ex- 
cepted) in cases of distress & relief of poor & sick brethren. They 
have further to state that it has been in contemplation for some time 
past to erect a suitable Lodge in the Town of Huntingdon, but this 
heavy debt (considering their funds) if it should be demanded will 

5 MSS., Volume U, paquet 107, folio 12. 


JLoHi Mo* 55, SL, g. 9?. 

put it out of their power, now especially as a part of their Brethren 
have lately applied to this Lodge for their approbation to have a 
new Warrant to congregate at Alexandria, a small town about 9 
miles from Huntingdon. 

" The Memorialists have no hesitation in petitioning the Grand 
Lodge for their Brotherly assistance. The Benevolence Masonic 
spirit of its Members aije well known and they trust that the remit- 
ting the dues of this Lodge as stated in the Account herewith sent 
will be attended with no detriment to them, as it will be a particular 
favor conferred on the Memorialists. They think it their duty like- 
wise to mention that the Grand Lodge may depend on their punctu- 
ality in the future payment of Dues. 

" James Kedie, Master 
" Jos. Patton, S. W. pro tern 
" Thos Whittakee, J. W. protm. 
"Huntingdon 31st Sept. 1800." 


«31st Sept. 1800. 

" Petition of Lodge No. 55 praying a remission of Dues. 

"Eead in G. L. 15 Deer. 1800 and referred to 

"Bros. Duplessis 
McKasaker & 
Johnston to report thereon. 

" Committee reported 2nd March, which was adopted 16th March 

The Eeport of the Committee appointed on the Petition of 
Lodge No. 55, was again read on March 16, 1801, in the words 
following, to wit:^ 

" To THE Eight "Worshipful the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania; 

" The Committee to whom were referred the Petition of Lodge No. 
55, Praying the Grand Lodge would remit their dues, under different 
pretences, beg leave to Report, that they have considered the said 
Applications, and are of Opinion that agreeably to the regulations 

6 Reprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 465. 
22 321 

of the Grand Lodge the Dues should be paid annually, and are the 
only support of the Grand Lodge; That the payment thereof should 
not be dispensed with but under very special Circumstances, which is 
not the case in either of the present applications. Your Committee 
is consious that every Lodge should contribute in the same manner 
to the support of the Grand Lodge, and such a precedent, once estab- 
lished, would not only Materially injure the Funds of the Grand 
Lodge, but be considered by many Lodges as sufficient reason for 
making such application from Time to Time. 

"Your Committee are sensible that the present peculiar situation 
of the Grand Lodge is owing to want of punctuality of the Lodges 
in the pa3Tnent of their annual dues, which if regularly paid would 
have enabled the Grand Lodge to purchase or build a suitable place 
for their meeting and of the several Lodges m this City, Whereby 
the advancement and respectability of the Craft would be much 

" Your Committee beg leave to recommend that such Time should 
be granted to the delinquent Lodges _as their particular Cases may 
be found to deserve. 
" Philada., March 2, 5801. 

"P. Le Babbiee DuPiiBssis, 
"Daniel McKaeahee, 
"Jno. Johnston." 

Which report was adopted. 

When the action of the Committee became known in Hunt- 
ingdon, it brought forth the following characteristic letter 
from Bro. John Cadwallader: 

" Huntingdon, 20 Jan. 1801. 
"D. Sir d; Brother: 

" Some few months ago I caused a return of Lodge No. 55, to be 
made upon the blank, which you gave me in July last. It appears 
that upwards of one hundred Dollars are due to the R. W. Grd. 
Lodge. As the Warrant issued in my name, I was soUcitious to have 
the dues paid up, and drew in favor of J. B. Smith, Esqr., for as 
much as would enable him to pay the Grd. Treasr., but I am informed 
that a few Members of our Lodge sent a petition to the Grand Lodge, 
to be exonerated of their dues instead of making payment, according 
to the return. 


EDbge ilJo. 55, a. g. 

" I never saw their Memorial or Petition, or, I would have advised 
them against such a novel thing. 

" I hope you will be so good as to give me a short extract of the 
Minutes of the R. W. Grd. Lodge repeating the petition of our Lodge, 
that I may see, whether it was exonerated from Grand Lodge dues — 
or not. I am lame or would see you in 10 or 12 days, but, when able 
to travel, will do myself the pleasure of calling on you. In the mean- 
time, I am very respectfully, 



" Huntingdon, 20th Jany. 1801. 
" Letter from John Cadwallader, Treas. of Lodge No. 55. 
" Bead in G. L. 2nd March 1801."^ 

The two foUovring letters from Lodge No. 55 were also 
found in our Archives : 

" Stated Meeting of Lodge No. 55. 

in Huntingdon on the first Monday in December 1802. 

" Master Mason's Lodge in full form, Worshipful Master John 
Cadwallader addressed the Lodge, stating that much imputation of 
consequence would rest on the members of this Lodge, if they did 
not openly and publicly disavow brotherhood with Robert Smith late 
of Alexandria in this county, an adopted member of this Lodge, as 
he has shewn to them, and to the world that he is unworthy the name 
of man, much less of Brother, as he has most shamefully disgraced 
honesty and good neighborhood, and has practised the most base 
deception, fraud and villainy among his creditors, many of whom are 
members of innocence. It is a duty the members of this Lodge owe to 
themselves and to the Fraternity of the craft to promulgate such 
flagrant violations of Truth, Honor & Honesty and purge from 
among Masons such depraved dregs of society who may have un- 
fortunately crept in among them. If Robert Smith be not expelled 
& and the Right Worshipful Grand Lodge immediately informed of 
the expulsion, the Members of this Lodge must bear a stigma, and 
partake in the infamy properly attached to such characters. 

" On motion made and seconded, Robert Smith was expelled by 
the unanimous voice of the Lodge. 

T MS8., Vol. U, paquet 107, folio 15. 

8 MSa, Vol. U, paquet 107, folio 19. 


" Ordered that the Right Worshipful Grand Lodge be immediately 
notified of this measure. 

" Extract from the Minutes. 
" (George A. Baker, Grand Secretary.) 

" John M. Kennan, Secretary." 

" Huntingdon, 16 Deer. 1802. 
"D. Sir: 

" It was my ■wish, and intention to see you before this date, to have 
the inclosed returns filed, but our friend and Brother James Kedie, 
Esq., late Master of Lodge No. 55, will wait on you. He has left 
us to go to England to reside. He has our certificate and wishes to 
have one from the Grand Lodge. I have advised him to leave the 
matter to your friendly arrangement. At the same time he will be 
very anxious to attend the Grand Lodge, if there should be a meet- 
ing before he embarks. He will be governed by your judgment. 

" Your politeness to him wiU confer a favor upon your friend, 
Brother and most obedient servant. 

" George A. Baker, Esq., 

" Seery. E. "W. Grand Lodge."» 

" John Cadwalladee, 

"Master No. 55. 

The warrant of Lodge No. 55, at Huntingdon, was finally 
vacated, April 7, 1806. 

Roster of Lodge No. 55, held in Town of Huntingdon. 

When Initiated 
Name. or 


John Cadwallader A. 1792, July 12. 

John Marshall A. 1792, July 12. 

William Kerr A. 1792, July 12. 

Dr. James Nesbett A. 1792, July 12. 

James Elliott A. 1792, July 12. 

John Patton L 1792, Aug. 9. 

Alexander Drummond. 

Dr. Jn° Buchanan I. 1792, Oct. 1. 

William Williams A. 1792, Oct. 2. 

» MSS., Vol. U, paquet 107, folio 20. 


mpiSter 0f %oHt Mo* 55, fH, g. 9?. 

Eobert. Eiddle, Esq I. 1792, Oct. 4. 

James Clark I. 1793, Feb. 18. 

W". P. Chester I. 1793, Apr. 4. 

Ja^ M-'Murtrie, Esq I. 1793, June 24. 

Thomas Whittaker I. 1794, July 7. 

Joseph Patton I. 1794, July 7. 

James Scoals A. 1794, Sep. 11. 

Thomas Tepton I. 1794, Sep. 11. 

Jacob Weider. 

John Adam I. 1795, Feb. 2. 

Ellis Evans I. 1794, Nov. 12. 

James Foley. 

Levi Wheeler I. 1795, Feb. 2. 

William M=Faden. 

James Crawford I. 1795, Dec. 9. 

John Crawford I. 1796, Feb. 8. 

Alexander Emitt. 

Sam> Marshall, Esq I. 1796, Apr. 16. 

Benjamin Patton I. 1796, June 30. 

Thomas M^Cay 

Matthew Gray, Esq A. 1796, Oct. 3. 

James Maize I. 1796, Oct. 15. 

Eobert Simpson, Jr I. 1796, Nov. 19. 

W-" Moore (Barrie Foyle) I. 1797, Feb. 6. 

James Wilkinsj 

John M'^Kennan A. 1797, Dec. 27. 

Joseph Cadwallader I. 1797, Aug. 11. 

Eobert Lawrence I. 1798, Jan. 3. 

Michael Duffy A. 1798, Jan. 25. 

James Ashman I. 1798, Feb. 5. 

John Borland I. 1798, June 4. 

John Beatty I. 1798, June 4. 

William M^Connell I. 1798, June 21. 

Benjamin Law I. 1798, June 21. 

James Kedie I. 1798, June 4. 

Lewis Mytinger . . .' I. 1798, July 10. 

John Galbraith, Esq I. 1799, Feb. 13. 

John Miller I. 1799, May 13. 

John Breddon. 

John Boyd I. 1799, Mar. 4. 

Lazarus Brown M°Lain. 

Edward O'Breen I. 1799, Dec. 16. 


Doef George Wilson I. 1795, Dec. 9. 

Mark Law I. 1796, Nov. 25. 

Samuel Galbreath I. 1800, Jan. 22. 

Thomas Provines I. 1800, Jan. 22. 

George Hudson I. 1800, July 7. 

David Ne-wingham I. 1800, Aug. 4. 

George Shaltz I. 1800, Aug. 4. 

Chas. W. Hale I. 1800, Aug. 28. 

Robert Wray A. 1799, Dee 27. 

James McLaughlin I. 1801, June 24. 

Alexander King I. 1800, June 24. 

Samuel Galbraith I. 1801, Dee. 

Robert Huntor I. 1801, Aug. 3. 

William Wilson I. 1801, Sep. 7. 

SEAl OF LODGE No. 46, A. T. M. 



















yCj^ARLISLE, where Lodge No. 
\^ 56 was erected in 1792, was 
an important military post 
on the road from Philadelphia to 
Pittsburgh. It was about one hun- 
dred and eighteen miles west of 
Philadelphia. Carlisle became a 
town in 1782. 

"October 29*^ 1792. Grand 
Lodge, Special Communication.^ 

"A Grand Lodge was opened in 
ample form and the Right Wor- 
shipful Grand Master informed the 
Brethren that he had called the 
Grand Lodge to lay before them a 
Petition from a Number of Breth- 
ren at Carlisle, praying for a "Warrant to hold a Lodge in the 
Borough of Carlisle, viz. : 

1 Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 189. 


" To THE R. W. Geand Lodge of Pennsylvania^ 

" We the under Named Petitioners in the Borough of Carlisle do 
Pray that this our Humble Petition may be Excepted by your 
E:W:G: Lodge. 

"As being Tryed & found worthy by our Ajiscent Breatheren in 
Harrisburg to Obtain A regular warrant. Your Compliance to shall 
be Greatfuly Aecknowledged By your Humble Petitioners 

" Carlisle 10"' Oef 1792 
" & in the Year of Masonry 5792 
" We the Petitioners so recommend. 1 

" William Lbybuen j" 

" Hugh Mcculloch Senior Warden 
" Robert Leybubn Jun'' Warden 

"RichD- Greenfield 
"JnO- Underwood 
"Robert Irwin 
" JaS- Brown 
"John Taylor 
"John Gibson 
" JnO Gilespy 
" Tobias MCCluee " 

" Whereupon, the said Petition and a receommendation from the 
Lodge N° 21, at Harrisburg, were read, and on Motion and Seconded, 
the Petitioners' prayer was granted, and the Grand Secretary was 
directed to make out a Warrant accordingly, in the names of William 
Leybum, Master; Hugh M'=Cullock, Senior Warden, and Robert Ley- 
bum, Junior Warden ; the said Lodge to be called N° 56." 

The following eommunication was received from the Secre- 
tary of Lodge No. 56. The letter was evidently filed without 
being read before the Grand Lodge as shown by the endorse- 

" To THE R. W. G. Master op Pennsylvania 

" Gen^ & 'Brethren^ 

"According to apointment of our Noble & Right Worshipful 
Grand Master — ^Wee cawl'd on the Master Brother James Michel of 
Harrisburgh N°- 21 to attend our Installation in Compliance to our 
request he attended with S. & Jr. Wardens on the 16 Ultimo. At 

2 MSS., Volume V, paquet 108, folio 1. 
3J6td., folio 2. g28 


























%ottst Mo* 50, SI, g. 

which time Having lustald Brother William Leybum Master Brother 
Hugh M'CuIIough S Warden Brother Rob'- Leybum J. Warden. 

" We now air happy to Congratitulate with you on they Business 
& hopes from our Exersition & attention in this cause That our 
Comutions will be of long Duration and tend to our Mutual Satis- 
faction is the Sincere wishes of this Body — and that you may live 
long to govern a Society which is founded on Wisdom, supported by 
Morality and adorned by Benevolence, must delight all who have 
Judgment to Discern, Eeligion to guid, and the Sineerest Brotherly 
Love to regulate their Conduct and to cement the strictest Union 
amongst Masons is the ardent wish of Lodge N°- 56 

" Signed by Order 
" Carlisle Jan^- 8"" 1783 " Tobias MCClube, Sec^- 

" The following is a list of our members Names 
B""- William Leybum, Master B' John Gibson 

B' Hugh M^CuUugh S. W. B' Rich* Greenfield 

B' Rob* Leybum J. W. B' W"- Boyd 

B'' Tobias M°Clure B"" Thomas Armstrong 

B' John Gelaspy B'' Francis Gilaspy 

B'' James M^Donnald B"' Rob'- Taylor 

B'' James Brown B' William Oliver. 
B' Rob'- Irwin 

" Endorsed 
" January 8'" 1793 
" Letter from the Secretary of 
" No. 56 Carlisle & List of 
" Members. 15 Members." 

The new Lodge first met in Bro. Leyburn's house in 
Louther's Street, and moved from thence to what was called 
the Cross Keys Hotel, on Bast Prospect Street, owned by Bro. 
Robert Taylor, the Treasurer of the Lodge. 

At an Adjourned Communication of the Grand Lodge, held 
December 17, 5798, the following petition of William Thorn, 
formerly a member of Lodge No. 56, held at Carlisle, was 
read :* 

"Pittsburgh, 1798 

" Sir — I was presented by Lodge No. 45 with a Late Grand Lodge 

*IUd., folio 10. 


Comunieation which give an account of my Expulson from Lodge 
No. 56, Carlisle so therefore I thought proper to petition the grand 
for a Redress and I Request the feavour of you To present this 
Petition to them. It would Swell this Epistle two much to Give you 
a perticluar Detail of what Give Ris to this unmeretid Expulson 
therefore Let the folowing principil parte Suflce. In Ganury '97 
In Carslile I fell In Company with Robert Lebum Master and Dic- 
tator of No. 46 (sic) and I Blamed him for Refusing to give my 
Brother a CertiEucat on acount of a booke I got In pitsburg and left 
with him as I went to Philadelphia. I told him that my brother 
Solemnly promised not to give the Booke to any person but myself 
and therefore It was vain to Expect him to give It to them he warmly 
Replyd that my Brother never Shuld get a Certifeecat untLll he give 
the booke. I told him I had the Book now he then said If I kept It 
he Certunly would Inform the Grand Lodge. I told him the would 
Laugh at him If he had no other outher Cause of Compleant he Said 
he had another I asked what it was he said he heard that I Denyd 
the old and new testament to be the wourd of God I told him I 
thought part of them was True Good & usefuU But as for them 
being Dictated by God more then another Good Booke I was Doubt- 
fuU. Som More altracation tooke plase But this Is the heads & the 
next Silent knight I went to visit them Intending it to be the Last 
time when Mr. Lybum Desired me to withdraw I obead and was 
called up Shortely after and told I was Excluded for one year on 
account of my wiced opinions. I asked them how the Could expell 
me & me not a Member of there Lodg the told me the Did not 
Looke upon It as an expultion but I was not to Sit In 56 for a yeare 
I then withdrew and heard nothing of It Since untiU lately &c. Sir 
Im Conshious that my Moral and Masonick Conduct Is Blameless 
therefore I pray you to have a fair Investigation. I am With Senti- 
ment of Respect your feaithfull friend and Brother 

"William Thorn 

" Mr. Andrew Nealson. 

" Endorsed 
" Letter from William Thorn 
"to Bro' Andrew NUson 
" Read in G. L. 17 Dec' 1798 and 
" ref err'd. See William Thorn's Petition " 

" Said Petition was accompanied with a Certificate under the Seal 
of the Lodge N"- 45, held at Pittsburgh, dated 6"> of Nov"" last, 


SLVPt&l to CSt&ria Eotige 

Certifying that during the said Petitioner's residence in Pittsburgh 
he had " behaved himself as an industrious, sober, careful, worthy 

" The following Letter under the Seal of Lodge N°- 56, dated the 
13* July last, to Bro""- James McDonald, Proxy of said Lodge, setting 
forth the cause of the said expulsion, was then read: 

" Carlisle July 13, '988 

"■ Sir And friend I hope that you all are well in the City as wee 
are in The Westard preas be to God for it Sir in regard to William 
Thorn being Excluded it was on this ace' which I think was a Verry 
Just One he on a Surtan Day Denied Our blessed Lord and Savour 
to be his redeemer Aaid says that he has No More power Than 
a Nother Man He then was Called to an Open Lodge And then 
Soparted the Same, then the brethren present Would Not Sit with 
him On Ac' of What he had Saad Nor Countinance him as a Mason 
And wee think that wee are Justiflabel in Excluding him from our 
Lodge the reason wee had it in Our power was he was Arched in our 
Lodge and had Never Drawed his Surtifycat for the same thank 
God for it and I wish that Such a Man Never had been a Mason I 
Think that he Renounceis all Masonry He was Excluded for One 
year Only in Order to See if he would Chang his Mind But he Stil 
saports the same therefore he Aught be Datested by All Men. But 
Wee lave it to the better Judgment of the Right Worshipful Grand 
Lodge and hopes that we may receive an anser to this His Brother 
Joseph Thorn a few Days a Go told Me that Williams Mother is 
Almost Destrected About it in regard to his beleef Sir plase to show 
this to brother Nelson he Nowes the Entemals of it and I hope that 
he and such as he wiR Justify the Case. 

" May the Great God be your Derecters All. 

" Your Sincear frend and B' 
" Sir RoBT. Lbtburn 

" Endorsed " Sir Alex^ Irvine 

" Letter from Lodge No 56 to " Sir John Underwood 

" Bro"- James McDonald " Sir John rEAzisR 

" concerning Expulsion of William " Sir Jas Crafoord 
" Thorn 

" Read in G. L. 17 Dec' 1798 and 
"referr'd. See William Thorn's Petition" 

sEeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 336. 
6 MS8., Vol. V, paquet 108, f oUo 12. 


' ' "Whereupon, on Motion made and Seconded, the said Peti- 
tion and all matters relating thereto were referr'd to Bro™- 
Israel Israel, Milnor, Griffith, Baker and Watson to examine 
and Report thereon. 

" The Committee appointed on the IT"" Instant, on the Petition of 
Brother WiUiam Thorn, made Report in the words following: 

" To THE Right Worshipful the Grand Lodge of PennsyiiVAnia. 

The Committee appointed on the Petition of Bro. William 

Thorn, complaining op his Expulsion from Lodge No. 56, at 

Carlisle, beg leave respectfully to Report:' 

" That they have examined and considered the Documents and 
other Proofs with which they have been furnished, and find that by 
the Returns of the said Lodge, it appears that our said Brother was 
expelled by Lodge No. 56, on the 8^^ of March 5797, and that he 
had previously obtained a Certificate of discharge from said Lodge, 
and in Consequence thereof a Certificate from this R. W. Grand 
Lodge, which latter Certificate is dated Oct 3, 5795. Of course it was 
not in the power of Lodge No. 56 to Expel Bro^ Thorn, he not being 
at the time it took place a Member thereof; the Committee do not 
think it necessary to add anything relative to the merits of the ground 
of Expulsion stated by the Lodge, but from what has appeared to 
them they believe it right to state that the proceedings of Lodge N"- 
56 in this instance have not exactly squared with the rules of 
Masonry, and they feel anxious that care should be observed by the 
Lodges under our Jurisdiction to weigh the Causes of Complaint 
against their members very seriously before they pronounce the most 
Solemn and Severe punishment Masonry can inflict. In the case sub- 
mitted to the Committee they recommend a resolution of the Grand 
Lodge declaring the Expulsion of Bro. William Thorn to be unma- 
sonic and void Sign'd Israel Israel, John Barker, Cadw""- Griffith, 
James Milnor, Matth. Watson." 

"Which Report having been read, it was Moved, Seconded and 
Agreed, That the said Report be accepted, and that Bro''- Grand 
Secretary furnish Lodge N°- 56 and Bro. Thorn with a Copy of the 
same, and Lodge N"- 56 be requested to enter the same on their 

Strange as it may appear, judging from the illiteracy of the 

' Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, "Vol. I, p. 339. 











3 E 









no0ttt ot Eobge J12U. 50, Si, g. Q?. 

above correspondence, the oiBcers of the Lodge not only con- 
ferred the three symbolical degrees, but also the "Noble and 
Sublime Degree" of Royal Arch, Super Excellent, Ark, Mark 
and Link Masonry, Knight of that Most Noble Order of 
Knights Templar, Knights of Malta and Knights of the Medi- 
terranean and Red Cross, as shown by the three certificates 
in our Archives, which are here reproduced in reduced fac- 
simile. These certificates are the only evidence we have that 
the Degrees of the Ark, Mariner and Link and Knights of the 
Mediterranean were ever conferred in our Jurisdiction. 

The Warrant of Lodge No. 56 was finally vacated by the 
Grand Lodge for unmasonic conduct, June 2, 1802. 

Roster or Lodge No. 56, Held in the Borough of Carlislhi 

When Initiated 
Name, or 


William Leybum, P. M A. 1792, Nov. 26. 

Hugh M<=Culloch, P. M A. 1792, Nov. 26. 

Robert Leybum, P. M A. 1792, Nov. 26. 

Tobias M^Clure, M. M A. 1792, Nov. 26. 

John Gilaspy, M. M A. 1792, Nov. 26. 

Abraham Miller, M. M A. 1794, Aug. 13. 

James Brown, P. M A. 1792, Nov. 26. 

Robert Irvin, P. M A. 1792, Nov. 26. 

John Gibson, M. M A. 1792, Nov. 26. 

Richard Greenfield, M. M A. 1792, Nov. 26. 

William Boyd, P. M A. 1792, Nov. 26. 

Thomas Armstrong, P. M A. 1792, Nov. 26. 

Francis Gilaspy, U. M A. 1793, June 9. 

Robert Taylor, P. M A. 1792, Nov. 26. 

William Oliver, M. M A. 1792. Dec. 22. 

John Taylor, P. M A. 1792, Nov. 26. 

John Underwood, M. M A. 1792, Nov. 26. 

William Elder, P. M A. 1792, Nov. 26. 

James Seoales, P. M I. 1793, Feb. 13. 

John Potts, M. M I. 1793, Feb. 13. 

Patrick M^Ginniss, M. M I. 1793, Mar. 13. 


WiUiam Thorn, P. M I. 1793, June 12. 

"William Fleming, M. M I. 1793, Oct. 9. 

John Wallace, P. M I. 1793, Oct. 9. 

Samuel Haze. 

Joseph Eaton, P. M A. 1794, May 15. 

Thomas Johnston, P. M I. 1794, Aug. 13. 

Joseph Thorn, M. M I. 1794, Aug. 19. 

John Bell, P. M A. 1794, Nov. 12. 

George McKemwon, M. M I. 1795, Jan. 14. 

WiUiam Thorn, M. M A. 1794, Feb. 1. 

William Beaty, P. M A. 1795, June 24. 

Andrew Glendennan, M. M A. 1795, June 24. 

James Glendennan, P. M I. 1795, Sep. 9. 

Thomas Hamilton, P. M A. 1796, Jan. 13. 

John Palmer, P. M A. 1796, Feb. 10. 

Alexander Irwin, P. M I. 1796, Jan. 13. 

Samuel Jackson, P. M I. 1796, Jan. 27. 

Thomas Griffith, P. M A. 1796, Mar. 9. 

John Frazer, P. M A. 1796, Mar. 9. 

Samuel Caldwell, P. M I. 1796, Feb. 10. 

Patrick Duris, P. M A. 1796, Apr. 13. 

Jonathan Wallis, P. M I. 1796, Mar. 9. 

James Crawford, P. M I. 1796, Mar. 9. 

Charles M^Manis, P. M I. 1796, Mar. 9. 

Eobert Brown, P. M A. 1796, Apr. 13. 

Joseph Anderson, P. M I. 1796, Apr. 13. 

Alex"- Johnston, P. M I. 1796, June 8. 

William Steel, P. M I. 1796, May 11. 

Eobert Seaton, M. M I. 1796, June 8. 

Joseph Steel, M. M I. 1796, Apr. 13. 

Charles Barclay, P. M I. 1796, June 8. 

Samuel M-'Coy, P. M A. 1796, July 13. 

David M^MuUin, P. M A. 1796, Oct. 12. 

Henry Bams, P. M A. 1796, Dec. 14. 

Alexander Bams, P. M A. 1796, Dec. 14. 

Robert Young, P. M A. 1796, Dec. 14. 

Robert Porter, P. M I. 1796, Aug. 10. 

Mark Blair. 

Charles M'=Clure, P. M I. 1796, Nov. 9. 

Moses Bullock, P. M A. 1797, Apr. 12. 

John M-^Naughton, P. M A. 1797, Apr. 12. 

Robert M'=Lane, P. M A. 1797, May 10. 


laoiStet ot floHt Mo. 50, SL, g. 9$, 

Roger MulhoUen, P. M A. 1797, Mar. 8. 

John Johnston, P. M. ,. A. 1797, Aug. 9. 

Jonathan Willis, P. M A. 1797, Deo. 13. 

James Woodney, P. M A. 1797, Dee. 13. 

James Moore, P. M A. 1797, Dec. 13. 

Robert Crooks. 

Patrick Hasson. 

James Turner, E. A. F. C, ... A. 1797, Oct. 11. 

James Stafford, E. A A. 1796, Aug. 10. 

Richard Haughton, M. M I. 1797, June 14. 

Joseph Anderson, P. M A. 1798, Apr. 11. 

John "Wray, M. M I. 1798, Apr. 11. 

James Lamberton, M. M I. 1798, Apr. 11. 

Hugh Wallace, P. C I. 1798, July 11. 

George Kline, M. M I. 1798, July 28. 

William Bell, M. M ; I. 1798, June 28. 

Joseph Duncan, F. C I. 1798, Aug. 8. 

Joseph M°Candliss, M. M I. 1798, Aug. 8. 

Frederick T. HaUer, M. M I. 1798, Aug. 27. 

James Scobey, M. M I. 1798, Dec. 12. 

William Ferrice, E. A I. 1798, Sep. 12. 

Richard Johnston, E. A I. 1798, Feb. 14. 

William Swarbridge, M. M A. 1799, Apr. 10. 

Frederick Speck, M. M I. 1799, May 28. 

Armstrong Brandon, F. C ■ I. 1799, July 10. 

James Bums, M. M I. 1799, Aug. 6. 

Reuben Scott, M. M I. 1800, Mar. 13. 

James Armstrong, M. M I. 1800, June 11. 

James Blair, M. M I. 1800, Aug. 10. 

Frederick Sheppley, E. A I. 1800, Sep. 23. 

James Connor, M. M I. 1801, Feb. 11. 

Christopher Lamberton, F. C I. 1801, April 1. 

John Lafferty, M. M A. 1800, Aug. 30. 

James Oldham, M. M I. 1801, May 18. 

George Robeson, E. A I. 1801, June 11. 

Patrick McLaughlin. 

William Cortney I. 1801, Sep. 10. 

David Cortney I. 1801, Nov. 11. 

John Lamberton I. 1801, Nov. 25. 

Thomas Wilson I. 1801, Dee. 9. 

Patrick Reyley I. 1801, Dec. 9. 

Richard Bull I. 1802, Jan. 13. 

Robert Taylor A. 1802, Mar. 10. 




I HIS was the second warrant 
granted for a Lodge at New- 
town, Bucks County, Pennsyl- 
vania. The first Lodge at this 
place was No. 11 upon the Eoster 
of the Grand Lodge, and its his- 
tory will be found in Chapter 
XV, in the first volume of this 

March 4, 1793. At a Quar- 
terly Communication the follow- 
ing Petition was read from a number of Brethren in Newtown, 
Bucks County, praying for a Warrant to hold a Lodge in the 
said town, recommended agreeably to the regulations of this 
Grand Lodge : 

" To THE Eight Worshipful Jonathan Bayaed Smith, Esquire, 
Grand Master, and the Brethren of the Grand Lodge of the 
State of Pennsylvania.^ 

" The Petition of the Subscribers humbly shewetb that they, im- 
pressed with the important Principles of Masonry, and desirous to 
advocate the exercises thereof as far as in their power, as well as to 

1 MSS., Vol. X, paquet 109, folio 23. 


Eotrge Bo. 57, SL. g. 

extend its beneficial influences among their ivorthy fellow citizens, beg 
that your Bight Worshipful Lodge will be pleased to grant a War- 
rant at your next Communication to Reading Beatty, Master; James 
Hanna, Senior Warden, and Nicholas Wynkoop, Junior Warden, 
for the purpose of holding a Lodge in Newton, in the County of 
Bucks, giving them jurisdiction to exercise all the duties thereof at 
any place within five miles of the same; And in the meantime, that 
the Eight Worshipful Grand Master grant a Dispensation for exer- 
cising its functions until the said Communication — and your Peti- 
tioners will ever pray, etc. 

" Geo. Wall. " Beading Beatty. 

" Theophilus Foulke. " James Hanna. 

" Joseph Erwin. " Nicholas Wynkoop. 

" James Tate. " James Baynet. 

" Patrick Hunter. « John Torbert. 

" Josias Ferguson. " Andrew MoMinn. 

" Jonathan Done." 

" Whereupon, on Motion and Seconded, the prayer of the Peti- 
tioners was unanimously granted, and the Grand Secretary was 
directed to make out a Warrant accordingly in the names of Read- 
ing Beatty, Master; James Hanna, Senior Warden, and Nicholas 
Wynkoop, Junior Warden; the said Lodge to be called No. 57. 

" 1793. 

" Petition for a Warrant to hold a Lodge in Newton, Bucks County. 

" Prayer granted March 4th, 1793. No. 57. 

«B. W. Sir & Br.; 

" Be pleased to issue a dispensation agreeably to the prayer of the 
within application. 

"Yrs. &e., 

" J. B. Smith, G. M. 
" Jany. 3, 1793. 
" P. Le Barbier Duplessis, Esq., Gr. Secy. 

" Dispensation issued acord.y for one month Jan.y 4th." 

On March 19, 5793,^ 

" Brother Samuel Benezet by Virtue of a Dispensation from the 

2 Ibid., folio 24. 
23 337 

SDln St^a^onic %oiise& ot ^tnn&iS;Vaania 

Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania installed the following Brethren 
of&cers of Lodge No. 57, Newtown, viz; 

Reading Beatty, W. M. 
Jas. Hanna, S. W. 
Nicholas Wynkoop, J. W. 

"The following Brethren were called to the assistance of the 
Worshipful Master, as officers at the Installation : 

John White Swift, P. M., S. W. 
Aug. WiUet, P. M., J. W. 
Jno, Torbert, P. M., S. D. 

" True extract from the minutes. 

" Jno. D. MtTERAT, Secy. 

" May 29th, 1793." 

" Report of the Proceedings op Lodge 57, whilb acting under the 
DisPENaiTioN PROM Grand Lodge.^ 

"Newton, Jany. 10th, 5793. 

"By virtue of a Dispensation granted and directed to Reading 
Beatty, a Master Mason, An Entered Apprentice Lodge was opened 
this evening in due Form at the house of Andrew McMinn. 


Reading Beatty, W. M. 
James Hanna, S. W. 
Nicholas Wynkoop, J. W. 
Jno. Torbert, S. D. 
Jno. D. Murray, J. D. 


James Tate, 
Josiah Ferguson, 
Andrew McMinn, 
Jno. D. Murray. 

" The Lodge proceeded to the Election of Treasurer and Secretary 
when James Raquet was elected the former and John D. Murray, the 

3 lUd., folio 24. 


%0tt1St ilJo. 57, ja, g. s$. 

latter. It was moved by Bro. Murray and seconded that a Committee 
of Three be appointed to draw up a set of Bye-Laws for the Regula- 
tion of this Lodge, and to make report thereof to the first meeting 
after a warrant obtained. Brothers Murray, Hanna and Wynkoop, 
the Committee. It was agreed Brother Hanna should make inquiry 
and take proper measures for obtaining a warrant from the Grand 

" Lodge closed in harmony about 9 o'clock." 

"Nkwtown, Jany. 19th, 5793. 
" A meeting of the Lodge was holden this evening. 


Beading Beatty, W. M., 
James Hanna, S. W., 
Nicholas Wyncoop, J. W. 
John Torbert, S. D., 
Jas. Raquet, J. D., 
Jno. D. Murray, Secy., 

James Tate. 

"An Entered Apprentice Lodge was opened in Form. The fol- 
lowing brethren, agreeably to a Resolve, advance Five Dollars each 
for the purpose of defraying the charges attending the procuring a 
Dispensation, &e.; The Worshipful Master, Senior and Junior 
Wardens, John D. Murray, Jas. Raquet, Jas. Tate, Jas. Hanna. Peti- 
tions were presented from William Irving, Esquire, Jno. Wilson and 
Saml. Torbert praying for the benefits of Masonry and a committee 
vz. Tate & Wyncoop, appointed to make enquiry. 

"Lodge closed in Form." 

At a stated meeting held Tuesday, Jany. 22, 5793. 


Nicholas Wyncoop, W. M., P. T., 
John Torbert, S. W., P. T., 
Jas. Raquet, J. W., P. T., 
Jno. D. Murray, S. D. & Secy., 
Jas. Tate, J. D., P. T. 

SDin Sl^a&onit %o\tst& of ^mn&TgVaaniti 

" Apprenticed Lodge opened. Preparing for initiation, — Brothers 
Raquet & Murray a Committee. 

" Lodge closed in harmony to meet Jany. 28, 5793." 

" At a meeting Holden Jany. 28, 5793. 

Present Brethren 

Reading Beatty, W. M. Jas. Tate, 

James Hanna, S. W., Andrew McMinn, 

Nicholas Wyncoop, J. W., Patrick Hunter, 

Jno. Torbert, S. D., 

Jas. Raquet, J. D., Visiting 

Jno. D. Murray, Secy. Saml. Benezet, W. M. of Lodge 25, 

Augt. Willet, P. M., 
Francis Murray, Eqsuire. 

" Brother Saml. Benezet at the request of the Worshipful took the 
Chair. An Apprentices Lodge was opened Ln Form. The Report of 
the Committee on Request, concerning Wm. Ewing, Jno. Wilson and 
Saml. Torbert was referred over to the next meeting. Messrs. Werts 
and Hicks being favorably reported were approved of by ballot and 
this evening took the first step in Masonry. A Committee of Wyn- 
coop and Murray were appointed to procure a further continuance of 
the Dispensation. Robert Sample and Daniel Martin applied to 
become Masons. 

" Lodge closed in harmony at 9 o'clock." 

"At a Lodge* convened Tuesday, Feby. 12th, 5793. 


Reading Beaty, W. M., 
Jas. Hanna, S. W., 
Nicholas Wyncoop, J. W., 
Jno. Torbert, S. D., 
Jno. D. Murray, Secy. 

George Wale, 
Jno. C. Doane, 
Wm. Bennet, 
Theophilus Foulke 
4 This meeting is under the continuanee of the Dispensation. 


Hottse il2o. 57, Si, 9. a?. 


Francis Murray, Esqr., 
Saml. Gibbs, Esqr., 
Joshua Anderson, Esqr., 
Thomas Kop, W. M. of Lodge 50 
Samuel Benezet, W. M. of Lodge 25 
Col. Augustine Willet 
Mr. John Cassidy. 

" Brother SamL Benezet at the request of the Worshipful took 
the chair. 

" A Fellow Craft was opened in Form. Daniel Martin & Eobert 
Sample were balloted for and approved after which Brothers Wertz 
& Hicks were raised to the Degree of Fellow Craft. Fellow Crafts 
Lodge closed & Apprentices opened when Robert Sample and Daniel 
Martin were initiated in the first step of Masonry. Brothers F.. 
Murray and Joshua Anderson, Ancient Masons, on their request were 
balloted for & admitted Members of this Lodge. A Petition was 
read from Isaac Vanhom Esqu. & Committee appointed. Messrs. 
Weing, Torbert & Wilson referred over. 

" Lodge closed in Form to meet on February 12th, 5793." 

" At a Lodge held February 12th, 5793 


Beading Beatty, W. M., 
Jas. Hanna, S. W., 
Nicholas Wyncoop, J. W., 
Jno. Torbert, S. D., 
Jas. Tate, J. D. P. 
Js. Hicks, Secy. P. T. 

Francis Murray. 

"A Fellow Crafts Lodge was opened. Isaac Vanhom Esquire 
was this evening balloted for & approved of. Samuel Torbert was 
on motion, allowed to withdraw his petition. Jno. Wilson informed 
the Lodge by Brother Hanna, that for certain domestic reasons, he 


begd. to withdraw his petition. Wm. Ewing Esquire had leave to 
withdraw his also. 

" Lodge closed in Form and Harmony at 9 o'clock." 

"At a Lodge holden February 26th, 5793. 


Reading Beatty, W. M., 
Js. Hanna, S. W., 
Nicholas WjTicoop, J. W., 
Jno. Torbert, S. D., 
Jas. Raquet, J. D., 
Jno. D. Murray, Secty. 


Francis Murray 
Isaac Hicks 


Richd. Backhouse Esquire 
S. Benezet Esquire 

" A Fellow Crafts Lodge was opened in Form. Brother Daniel 
Martin was raised to the Degree of a Fellow Craft. Fellow Crafts 
Lodge closd. & Masters opened when Brother Isaac Hicks was raised 
to the Sublime Degree of a Master Mason. Masters closd. & Fellow 
Crafts opened when an Apprentices Lecture weis given by S. Benezet. 

" Lodge closd. in Harmony." 

"1793 March, 

"Minutes of the proceedings of Lodge 57, while acting under a 

" Registered in October 1797 by G. A. Baker." 

The next information we have of this Lodge is the following 
appeal by the Brethren at Newtown and the action of the 
Grand Lodge : 


%9Ht Bo, 57, SL g. 

" January 22nd, A. L. 5798. 

"At Grand Lodge, by Adjournment, there was read an Extract 
from the Minutes of Lodge No. 57," held at Newtown, Bucks County, 
of the 4th December last, addressed by way of Petition to this R. W, 
Grand Lodge and the different Lodges of this City, was read. It set 
forth that said Lodge since its establishment had had many difficulties 
to encounter for want of a permanent place of Meeting in which they 
could with safety keep their Records, &c., for remedy whereof they 
had undertaken a building for that purpose, in which they had so 
far Succeeded as to have it completely enclosed, but their funds fall- 
ing Short of completing it they Solicit Donations to enable them to 
complete the same and appomting Brothers Foulke, Van Horn and 
Wertz, a committee to visit the Philadelphia Lodges with a view of 
procuring their Brotherly Assistance to complete said Building. At 
same time a letter from the Worshipful Master of said Lodge to 
Brothers Van Horn and Foulke was read. It contained a description 
of the building, and intimated that it was conceived that a Donation 
of Five Hundred Dollars would complete the Edifice. 


"Report of Committee on the Petition of Lodge No. 57. 
" Read in Grand Lodge 5th March 1793. Not approved of. 
" Moved that 80 Dollars be granted. — ^Negatived. 
"Moved that 50 Dollars be granted. — Carried." 

" On Motion made and seconded, Brothers Milnor, Hiekling, J. Mc- 
Elwee, Watson and Robert Taylor were appointed a Committee to 
take the premises into Consideration and report thereon." 

" The committee appointed at the Adjourned Grand Lodge, held 
on the 22nd January last, on the Petition of Lodge No. 57, held at 
Newtown, made their report to the Grand Lodge 5th March, A. L. 
5798 in the words following ; " The Committee appointed to take 
into consideration and make Report on the Application of Newtown 
Lodge, No. 57, beg leave to report it as their Opinion and recom- 
mendation that One Hundred Dollars be granted out of the funds 
of this Grand Lodge to said Lodge No. 57, for the purpose of assist- 
ing in completing the building for Masonic purposes which they have 
begun, and they also beg leave to advise that this Grand Lodge 
recommend the Subject to the Consideration of the several Lodges 

5 Ibid., folio 37. 

6 Eepriat of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. 1, p. 309. 


in this City, for their Brotherly Aid in so good a Work;' which 
report was not approved of. 

"A Motion was made and Seconded, that the sum of Eigty Dol- 
lars be granted by the Grand Lodge to Lodge No. 57, for purposes 
above mentioned. 

" Passed in the negative. 

"A Motion was then made and Seconded, to grant the Sum of 
Fifty Dollars for the above purpose. 

" Carried in the aflSrmative." 

It appears that Lodge No. 57 had a more or less precarious 
existence, which was partly caused by its proximity to Lodge 
No. 25, at Bristol. The warrant was finally vacated for 
delinquency, April 7, 1806. 

/ . ', . .'■■■.A 






rASHINGTON'S Adminis- 
tration as President, at 
almost the very outstart, 
was beset by Indian troubles in 
the Northwest Territory, as Ohio 
was then called, caused by the in- 
stigation of the British, who had 
not delivered the military posts 
held by them on the northern 
frontier, as called for "by the 
Treaty at Paris. 
The first expedition against the Indians under General 
Harmer ended in his disastrous defeat, on the banks of the 
Ohio, September 20, 1790. Gen. St. Clair, who succeeded him 
in October, 1791, was fearfully defeated, November 4, 1791, 
on the banks of a small stream that runs into the Wabash, 
in what is now Mercer County, Ohio. 

There do not appear to have been any military Lodges in 
either of Harmer's or St. Clair's Expeditions, though quite 
a number of the officers in St. Clair's army were members of 
the Fraternity. 

The defeat of St. Clair caused the utmost consternation 
throughout the country. Efforts were at once made by Presi- 


flDia Sl?a0onic %oHt& ot ptnniSglfaanta 

dent "Washington to reorganize the army and General Anthony 
Wayne^ was placed in command. 

General Wayne at once commenced to recruit and organize 
a new army, which was to be known as the Legion of the 
United States. Toward the close of the summer of 1792, 
"Wayne moved his camp to a position on the Ohio, about 
twenty-seven miles below Pittsburgh, so as to be nearer the 
seat of hostilities. To this camp he gave the name of Legion- 
ville. There he remained during the winter, recruiting his 
army and instructing it regularly in its military duties. 

It was at this period that the following application was 
sent to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania for a "Warrant for a 
travelling Military Lodge, in the Legion of the United States : 

BERS OF THE Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania 

" Brothers, 
"We the subscribers, Officers in the Army of the United States, 
cantoned at Legionville, known and approved Master Masons request 
that you ancient and honorable body will grant us a warrant, for the 
establishment of a Lodge of Ancient York Masons, limited to the 
movements of the American Army. 

" Should this request meet your approbation we propose Brother 
Robert Mis Campbell, Captain of dragoons, our Master — ^brother 
Samuel Tinsley, Lieut, of Infantry, Senior — and brother William 
Eaton, Captain of Infantry, Junior Wardens — 

" We do authorize our brother Major John Stagg to represent us 
in Grand Lodge, and to carry into effect the object of this request. 

" We are. Brothers, with fraternal esteem, 
" ChaS- Hyde " your very obedient 

" Henrt B. Towlbs " very humble servants 

Lieut. 4** S. Leg"- " R*- M=- Campbell, Cap"- L. D. 

" AbrM- Jones " Jacob Slough, Cap"- of Infantry. 

Corn*- L. D. " W^- Faulkner, Cap"- Bifle Corps. 

"W. MacRea "Joseph Brock, Cap*- Infv- 

Lieut. Infantry "William Eaton, Cap"- Infv- 

" Richard Sparks " BenjN- Price, Lieut. 4 S. L. 

Cap* Bifle Corps. 

1 Gen. Anthony Wayne was one of the few Eevolutionary officers who 
was not a Freemason. 346 

House So. 58» SL g. a?. 

" We the subscribers being well acquainted ■with the Brethren sub- 
scribing to the within Petition beg leave to recommend the prayer 
of the same — 

"Thomas Procter 
"Jno. Stagg, Jun^*- 
"Ben. Mason 
" M. W. Ball 
"John McClelland, 
" Endorsed 
" March 25, 1793 
" Petition for a Warrant 
" for a Lodge in the Army 
" of the United States 
" Granted No. 58 

" The Rt Wp'ful Grand M-- Wardens & Members 
" of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania 
" in Philadelphia 

" March 25, 1793. Grand Lodge, Special Communication.^ 
"A Grand Lodge was opened in ample form and the Eight 
Worshipful Grand Master J. B. Smith informed the Brethren that 
the purpose of calling the Grand Lodge, was to lay before them a 
Petition he had received from a number of Brethren in the Service 
of the United States at Legionville, praying for a Warrant to hold 
a Lodge limited to the movements of the American Army, which 
petition was read, and the same being recommended agreeably to the 
Regulations of this Grand Lodge, on Motion and Seconded, the 
prayer of the Petitioners was unanimously granted, and the Grand 
Secretary was directed to make out a Warrant accordingly in the 
names of Robert Mis. Campbell, Master; Samuel Tinsley, Senior 
Warden; and William Eaton, Junior Warden. The said Lodge to be 
called No. 58, to be held wherever the Master of the said Lodge for 
the time being shall be stationed in the Army of the United States." 

Following is the personelle of the Brethren of this Lodge so 
far as known: 

Beo. Robert Mis Campbell was a native of South Carolina, 
and a past master. He joined the Legion, March 14, 1792, 

2 Of. Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 199. 


and was commissioned Captain, October 7, 1792. Bro. Camp- 
bell was killed by the Indians, while leading the first charge, 
August 20, 1794. 

Bro. Samuel Tinsuet was a Virginian. He served as 
Captain in a Virginia State Regiment from 1778 to 1782; 
commissioned Lieutenant, March, 1792; promoted to Captain, 
February 9, 1794; transferred to 1st Infantry, November 1, 
1796 ; honorably discharged, June 1, 1802 ; died, October, 1833. 

Bro. William Eaton, a native of Vermont, joined the 
Legion as Captain, September 4, 1792; resigned from the 
Army, July 10, 1797. 

Bro. Jacob Slough, a Pennsylvanian, Captain in the Levies 
of 1791 ; joined the Legion, ]\Iareh 16, 1792 ; discharged, No- 
vember 1, 1796 ; died, January 27, 1838. 

Bro. "William Faulkner, a Pennsylvanian, Captain in the 
Levies of 1791; joined the Legion, September 4, 1792; re- 
signed, January 30, 1794. 

Bro.*. Joseph Brock, a Captain in the Infantry, a native 
of Virginia, later of the Artillery ; resigned, July, 1800. 

Bro. Benjamin Price, a native of Maryland; Lieutenant 
in the Levies of 1791; captain in Legion, September, 1792; 
discharged, November 1, 1796, 

Bro. Charles Hyde, a native of Vermont; Ensign in first 
Sublegion, September 4, 1792 ; Captain, 1st Infantry, March 
3, 1799 ; discharged, June 1, 1802. 

Bro. Henry Beverly Towles, of Virginia, Lieutenant in 
the Levies of 1791; joined 4th Sublegion, September 4, 1792; 
killed in action by the Indians, August 20, 1794. Bro. Towles 
fell in the first charge against the Indians. 

Bro. Abraham Jones, Cornet in Light Dragoons, October 
7, 1792; Lieutenant, February 20, 1794; resigned, October 1, 
1796; died, January 28, 1831. 


MJagne'si tCtfliute to tfie TS>ttf^tm 

Bbo. William MacRea, Pennsylvanian, Lieutenant in Vir- 
ginia Levies of 1791 ; joined 3d Sublegion, September 4, 1792 ; 
discharged as Colonel of Artillery, April 19, 1824; for ten 
years faithful service in one grade ; died November 3, 1832. 

Bro. Richard Sparks, a Pennsylvanian, Captain in Rifle 
Corps ; honorably discharged as Colonel, June 15, 1815 ; died, 
July 1, 1815. 

Bbo. John Stagg, a native of New York. He was a Revo- 
lutionary soldier, and served as Brigade Major of Conway's 
Brigade. He died, December 28, 1803. 

The result of Wayne's campaign against the Indians is well 
known. It resulted in the signal defeat of the Indians and 
their British and Canadian allies, on the banks of the Miami, 
August 20, 1794. 

In this final victory, Bro. Robert Mis. Campbell commanded 
the legionary cavalry and, turning the left flank of the enemy, 
fell in the first charge. 

Special tribute is paid to Captain Campbell and other 
Brethren in Wayne's report of the battle to the Secretary of 
War,^ dated from Headquarters, Grand Glaize, 28 August, 
1794, viz.: 

" The wounds received by Captains Slough and Price, and Lieu- 
tenants Campbell & Smith of the legionary infantry, by Captain Van 
Renselaer of the dragoons, and Captain Eawlins, Lieutenant M"- 
Kenney and Ensign Duncan of the Mounted Volunteers bear honor- 
able testimony of their bravery & conduct. 

" Captains H. Lewis and Brock with their companies of light 
infantry had to sustain an imequal fire for some time which they 
supported with fortitude. In fact every officer & soldier who had an 
opportunity to come into action displayed that true bravery which 
will always insure success. 

" But whilst I pray this first tribute to the living I must not forget 

3 Cf . "Major-General Anthony Wayne and the Pennsylvania Line," 
by Charles J. Stille, Philadelphia, 1893, p. 324 et seq. 


the gallant dead, among whom we have to lament the early death of 
those worthy & brave ofScers, Captain Mis. Campbell of the Dra- 
goons, and Lieutenant Towles of the light infantry of the legion who 
fell in the first charge." 

The peculiar condition attached to this "Warrant "that it 
was to be held wherever the Master of Said Lodge for the 
time being shall be stationed in the army," evidently accounts 
for the fact that no returns were ever received from the 
Lodge, the Legion being in active service in what was then 
an almost unsettled wilderness inhabited only by the savages. 
The Master of the Lodge in whose keeping the Warrant was, 
commanded the advance of the army, and was killed while 
leading the advance on the day of the final battle. 

The Warrant was undoubtedly lost through the hazardous 
enterprises in which the brethren of Lodge No. 58 were 
engaged in the service of their country. 





!; AT 28,1794. A Grand Lodge 
was opened in ample form 
and the R. W. G. Master 
J. B. Smith informed the Brethren 
that he had convened them together 
in order to lay hef ore them a Petition 
^^"'"^^'^'^'"^^'^^ of a number of Brethren praying for 

a Warrant to hold a Lodge in the town of Lewes, in the County 
of Sussex, State of Delaware, whereupon, on motion and sec- 
onded, the following petition was read : 

" To THE Right Worshipitjij Grand Master, Senior and JtrNioR 
Wardens and the rest of the worthy Brethren of the Grand 
Lodge op Pennsylvania. 

"Whereas there are in and about the neighborhood of the Town 
of Lewis, in the County of Sussex, and State of Delaware a con- 
siderable Number of Brethren who are very anxious of establishing 
a Lodge at this place being very sensible that the oftner an oppor- 
tunity can be had of assembling together the more bright they will 
become in Masonry and the more will Brotherly Love prevail. We 
have for that purpose nominated and appointed Brothers David Hall 
as Master, John Clark as Senior Warden and James Wiley as Junior 


" The petitioners therefore request that a warrant may be granted 
them from your honorable body whereby they may be enabled to 
hold a Lodge at this place and all obedience shall be given to meet 
constitutional rules and regulations as now are or hereafter may be 
established by your honorable body. 

" And your petitioners will pray, &c., 

" Jambs Elliott David Hall 

"John Pisheb John Clark 

" Theodore "Wilson James Wilet 

Thos. Fisher 

" Lewis, May 22nd, 1794." 

"I do hereby certify that I am well acquainted with the within 
named David Hall, John Clark, James Wiley, Thomas Msher & 
James Elliott & that I have sat and worked with them as Brothers 
in a Master Masons Lodge in the County of Sussex. 

"May 26th, 1794." 

"John Vining 
"Seth Willis 

"I do find Jeann Willey to be A Eegular Master Mason and 
worthy of your Notice. 

" Jam. Cummings." 


" May 28, 1794. Application for a Lodge at Lewis in the State of 
Delaware. Granted."^ 

The petition being recommended agreeably to the regula- 
tions of this Grand Lodge, the prayer of the petitioners was 
unanimously granted, and the Grand Secretary was directed 
to make out a Warrant accordingly, in the names of David 
Hall, Master; John Clark, Senior "Warden, and James Willey, 
Jr. Warden, the said Lodge to be called 63 (Sixty-three).^ 

At the same meeting the following dispensation was issued : 

1 MSS., Vol. U, paquet 111, folio 43. 

2 Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, "Vol. I, p. 209. 

' 352 

%ottst Bo. 63, SL, g. 

"The Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania and Masonic Jueisdiction 
thereunto belonging 

" To Brother Jesse Green, Past Master Mason- of Lodge No. 10 
George Town Sussex County Delaware 

" Greeting 
" In Pursuance and by virtue of the Power & Authorities vested 
in us We do hereby authorize, Impower and request you to call to 
your assistance a sufficient number of Ancient Masons to open a 
Lodge in the Town of Lewis in the County of Sussex State of Dela- 
ware and when assembled in proper form and order to install agree- 
ably to our ancient Customs Brother David Hall, Master, Brother 
John Clarke, Senior "Warden and Brother James Willey Junior 
Warden of a New Lodge No. 63 to be held under our jurisdiction at 
Lewes aforesaid presenting to said Lodge our Warrant and Book of 
Constitutions & render them when formed a respectful Charge in our 
name and of your doings in this case you will make us a proper 
return. This dispensation to continue in force for three months from 
the date hereof & no longer. 

"Given under our Hand and Seal of the 
Grand Lodge at Philadelphia this 
Twenty-eighth day of May A. L. Five 
thousand Seven hundred & Ninety-four. 
" J. B. Smth, G. M. 
" P. Le Baebier Duplessis, G. Secy." 

How well Bro. Jesse Green performed this duty is shown 
hy the report to the Grand Lodge. 

" Sussex Countt (State op Delaware. 

" In Pursuance of and by virtue of the Power and Authority in 
me vested and agreeably thereto I do hereby certify that on twenty- 
fourth day of June Anno Lucis five thousand and Seven hundred and 
ninety-four I did install Brother David Hall as Master and James 
Wiley as Junr. Warden. Witness my hand the day and year 

"Jesse Green. 
"Brother Clark being indisposed was not installed and absent. 

" Jesse Green."* 

a MSS., Vol. U, paquet 111, folio 44. 
24 353 

SDltt St^n&onic fLo\>si^ ot ^tnn&igVimia 


"^une 24, 1794. 

"Eeturn of the Instn. of the officers of Lodge No. 63 in 
Lewis Town, State of Delaware by Brother Jesse Green, 
"Received Oct. 25th, 1794."* 

The town of Lewes, where Lodge No. 63 was erected, is in 
Lewes Hundred, Sussex County, Delaware, the most southerly 
of the three Counties of the State. The ancient town of Lewes 
is situated on a high tract of land, on Lewes Creek, and its 
settlement by the whites dates back to 1622. It is opposite the 
breakwater in the Delaware Bay, in full view of the gaping 
mouth of the Delaware Bay and the great ocean beyond. 

Bro. David Hall, who was named as "Warrant Master, was 
Col. David Hall, former member of Lodge No. 18 and later 
Master of the Delaware Regimental Lodge, No. 30. He was 
the son of David Hall, the first Senior Grand Warden of the 
Provincial Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, and is so named in 
the Warrant of 1761. 

The first and only return from Lodge No. 63 at Lewes, 
Delaware, was received in December, 1797 — the original is in 
the Archives of the Grand Lodge — and the only information 
it contained was that one of their members had been expelled. 

No further returns being made by the Lodge, they were 
finally informed, under date of April 2, 1800, by Resolution 
of the Grand Lodge, that unless their dues are discharged by 
St. John's Day in December next, or satisfactory reasons 
given why they are not discharged, their Warrant will be 
considered suspended. 

This brought forth the following reply from the Master, 
Bro. David Hall : 

4 MSS., Vol. U, paquet 111, folio 44. 


EoUge 120. 63, a. g, fl?. 

" Lewis, June 6th, 1801. 

"B. Sir: 

" Your favor of March last directed to the Master of Lodge No. 63 
came safe to hand and should long before this have done myself the 
honor of giving an answer to it, but the situation of our Lodge has 
been such for some time past it has been with considerable difficulty 
the members can be collected. You are no doubt acquainted with 
the unfortunate misunderstanding that took place between two of 
the Brethren belonging to this Lodge and the fatal consequences; 
since that Period a great falling o££ has taken place and that con- 
fidence which ought to have existed between Brethren has been much 
weakened and I much fear it will be with considerable difficulty that 
this Lodge can have a name among the number. We have been much 
diminished by Deaths and Removals and the principal reason of our 
non-compliance with the resolutions of the Grand Lodge of March 
last is that our Treasurer died about the time of the Reception of the 
letter containing them. He having in his hand more than sufficient 
to answer all demands against the Lodge. As soon as the money can 
be secured from the Executrix our intention is to pay our dues. At 
all events our determination is whether we fail or not in getting the 
money from the Estate of our deceased Brother, to settle with the 
Grand Lodge, for that purpose our accounts will be forwarded in as 
speedy a manner as we conveniently can. I am, with the greatest 
Respect and Brotherly Love, 

" Yours &c., 

« D. Hall." 


"Lewis Town June 6. 1801. 

" Letter from D. Hall, "W. M. of Lodge No. 63. 

" Read in G. L. 15th June 1801. Taken up 23d June and ordered 
to lie on the table. Read 31st Deer. 1801 and ordered to be placed 
on the Files of No. 63."= 

The warrant of Lodge No. 63 at Lewes, Delaware, was finally 
vacated for delinquency, April 7, 1806. 

MSS., Vol. U, paquet 111, folio 48. 


SDltx Si^a0onit %ottse& ot ^enn^^Vtmia 

EosTER or Lodge No. 63, held at Lewis Town. 

When Initiated 
Name. or 


David Hall A. 1794, Nov. 7. 

John Clarke A. 1794, Nov. 7. 

James Wiley A. 1794, Nov. 7. 

Theodore Wilson A. 1794, Nov. 7. 

William Polk A. 1794, Nov. 7. 

John Warrington A. 1794, Nov. 7. 

John Fisher A. 1794, Nov. 7. 

Edward L. Lay A. 1794, Nov. 7. 

Nathaniel Heckman A. 1794, Nov. 7. 

James Derickson I. 1795, Jan. 7. 

Levin Derreckson I. 1796, April. 

David King I. 1796, April. 

Jonathan Cathell L 1796, April. 

William Shankland I. 1796, Oct. 

Benjamin Wolfe I. 1796, Oct. 

William Russell I. 1797, Feb. 7. 

Bobert Holiston I. 1797, June 2. 

John Cole I. 1797, June 2. 

James Mellechops A. 1797, June 23. 

George Cooke A. 1797, June 23. 

Timothy Caldwell A. 1797, Oct. 6. 





'REENSBURG, the county 
seat of Westmoreland 
County, now one of the 
important centers of Masonic 
activities and charity in the State 
of Pennsylvania, with its Lodges, 
Chapter, Council and Command- 
ery, in the early days of our Com- 
monwealth, was the home of one 
of the pioneer Lodges in the west- 
ern part of the State. 
When the application for a warrant was made to the Grand 
Lodge in the year of Masonry A. L. 5795, the town of Greens- 
burg was a small settlement on the road leading from Pitts- 
burgh to Bedford, thirty-one miles east of the former city. It 
was laid out not long after the burning of Hanna's Town by 
the Indians in 1782. 

The Campbell family, of which the warrant Master of 
Lodge No. 64 was a prominent member, were the earliest 
settlers of the town and vicinity. 

Greensburg is one of the few towns in Pennsylvania, dating 
back to the eighteenth century, which are devoid of historical 


incidents. The only one connecting the town with Revolu- 
tionary history, is that ia later years it was the home of Bro. 
General Arthur St. Clair, whose remains rest in the Presby- 
terian Grave Yard, under a stately monument erected by his 
Masonic Brethren of the present day. 

The manuscript records of Lodge No. 64, unfortunately, 
are missing in the Archives of the Grand Lodge, or at least 
have thus far not been found ; consequently the story of this 
Lodge is compiled from the meagre details found in the 
Minutes of the Grand Lodge. 

March 17, A. L. 5795. "At a Special Communication of 
the Grand Lodge, an order from the R. W. Grd. Master "Wil- 
liam Ball to Br. Secy, was read, requesting him to summon 
the OfiScers of the Grand Lodge in order to lay before them 
a Petition of a number of Brethren praying for a Warrant to 
hold a Lodge in the Town of Greensburg, in the County of 
Westmoreland, Whereupon, on motion and seconded, the said 
Petition being read, and the same being recommended agree- 
able to the Regulations of this Grand Lodge, the prayer of 
the Petitioners was Unanimously granted, and the Gd. Secy, 
was directed to make out a Warrant accordingly in the names 
of Terrence Campbell, Master; John Hatch, Senr. Warden, 
and Denny McClure, Junr. Warden, to be called No. 64 

At an Adjourned Communication of Grand Lodge, 17th 
Deeemr. A. L. 5798, a letter from No. 64 was read. It was 
accompanied by the following Returns, to wit: 

"Eetum of Members up to St. John's Day last, returning 16 
Standing Members, and the Election Return of Officers for 12 Months 
from Last St. John's Day, Returning Robert Cooper, Master; Wil- 
liam Rayen, Senr. Warden; James Walker, Junr. "Warden; Robert 
Irwin, Junr., Secretary; Robert Irwin, Senr., Treasurer; And a Copy 

1 Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, pp. 221-222. 


WiO0ttt ot fLoHt Mo, 64, SL @. 

of the Bye Laws of said Lodge were referred to Brothers Barker, 
Griffith and Patton to examine and report thereon."" 

The Committee appointed on December 17, 1798, on the 
Bye Laws of Lodge No. 64, made report in the words follow- 
ing, to wit: 

" To THE Eight Worshipful the Grand Lodge op Pennsylvania: 

"We, the Committee appointed on the 17th December, 5798, to 
examine the Bye Laws of Lodge No. 64, held at Greensburg, respect- 
fully Report, That they have carefully examined the said Bye Laws 
and find them eonsistent with Masonry, except Article the Third, 
which they conceive should be expunged, as it might have a tendency 
to create Religious Disputes within the Lodge, which would be incon- 
sistent with Masonic Principles. The Article which your Committee 
objects to is in the following words, viz. : 3rd. If any Member of this 
Lodge be debarred the Privileges of the Church to which he belongs, 
he shall also be debarred the privileges of this Lodge until he pro- 
duces the Crime that he is charged with in writing, Signed by the 
Minister, to the Worshipful Master when in the Chair, when he shall 
have an impartial Trial, and if found Guilty of the Crime alleged, 
the punishment shall be agreeable to the Nature of the Offense. 
Philada. 17th Jany. 1799. (Signed) John Barker, Cadwr. Griffith, 
Chas. Patton."* 

Whicli report was approved of and the Grand Secretary 
was directed to transmit a copy thereof to the said Lodge 
No. 64. 

A Commission from Lodge No. 64 held at Greensburgh, 
appointing Bro. John McElwee their proxy, was read in Grand 
Lodge 13th November A. L. 5799.* 

At a Quarterly Communication of the Grand Lodge De- 
cember 2, A. L. 5799, "A letter from Lodge No. 64, dated 30th 
August last was read ; it had enclosed Twenty Five Dollars in 
Bank Notes which were receiv'd by Bror. Grand Secretary, 

2 Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, pp. 335-336. 
« Beprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 343. 
4Beprmt of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 371. 


the 7tli Sepr. last, and also enclosed the following Returns, 
&e. Return of Members up to St. John's Day last, returning 
14 Standing Members. 

"Account of their Grand Lodge Dues up to the same period, 
and Election Return of St. John's Day last, returning Robert 
Irwin, M. ; James Walker, S. W. ; Robert Irwin, junr., J. W. ; 
George Armstrong, Secry. ; Robert Cooper, Treas,"^ 

A letter dated July 18, 1800^ from Lodge No. 64, held at 
Greensburg, attested under seal of the Lodge, was read. It 
stated that Bros. John Campbell, James Clark and William G. 
Elder, from Somerset, had prayed said Lodge to recommend 
them to this G. Lodge to obtain a Warrant for holding a Lodge 
in the Town of Somerset, and recommended them accordingly. 
"No Petition having been received for a Warrant as above, 
the said Recommendation was Order 'd to lie on the Table."* 

Lodge No. 64 originally met at an inn known as The Sign 
of the Bear, until the year 1814, when the Lodge was removed 
on the first of April to the Sign of General Washington, East 
Comer of Main and Attermans Streets, an Inn kept by Brother 
Griffith Clark, who late kept at the Bear.'' 

The Lodge, after a somewhat precarious career, caused by 
internal Anti-Masonic and political troubles, finally lost their 
Warrant, September 4, 1837. 

KosTER OP Lodge No. 64, heu) in Greensburg, Pennsylvania. 

When Initiated 
Name. or 


Terence Campbell A. 1795, Mar. 17. 

John Fratch A. 1795, Mar. 17. 

Denny M^Clure A. 1795, Mar. 17. 

Timothy Bewell A 1795, Mar. 17. 

5 Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 374. 
« Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 431. 
T Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. Ill, p. 355. 


1R,00t«t Of Ko^iSt 120. 64, SL g. 

John Young I. 1796, Jan. 13. 

Thomas Chreig, Esq I. 1796, Apr. 11. 

John Probest I. 1796, Oct. 10. 

James M^Mahon A. 1796, Dec. 12. 

Eobert Cooper I. 1796, Dec. 12. 

Kobert Irvin, Sr A. 1797, June 10. 

William Ruyn I. 1797, Aug. 15. 

John EUeott I. 1797, Sep. 11. 

Robert Williams I. 1797, Nov. 13. 

James Walker I. 1797, Dee. 11. 

John Cannon Taylor. 

Alex' Johnson A. 1797, Nov. 13. 

John Hill A. 1798, Feb. 12. 

Samuel Nelson I. 1798, Mar. 12, 

Robert Bell. 

Robert Irwin, Jr I. 1798, May 14. 

George Armstrong, Esq A. 1799, May 14. 

John MoWilliam I. 1798, Aug. 13. 

William G. Eder A. 1798, June 24. 

William B. Campbell I. 1798, Feb. 11. 

Richard Mathews I. 1799, May 12. 

John Stuart I. 1799, Nov. 10. 

John Boyle. 

John Smith I. 1800, Feb. 10. 

James M^'Kaskey. 

John Mills I. 1800, Nov. 10. 

W". M^Granaghan I. 1801, Jan. 12. 

Henry Wise I. 1801, May 11. 

Thomas See A. 1801, Sep. 4. 

William Cope. 

James Monteeth A. 1802, Jan. 11. 

Samuel Brown A. 1802, Jan. 11. 

Nathaniel Stuart I. 1802, Jan. 11. 

WiUiam Candess I. 1807, Dec. 14. 




COUNTY, pennsylvanm:. 

OME time during the year 
1791, several of the Brethren 
living in the scattered settle- 
ments in the northeastern part of 
the State, and near the southern 
border of the State of New York 
wrote a letter to one Archall Shaw, 
of Philadelphia, asking for informa- 
tion how they could obtain a warrant to erect a Masonic Lodge 
within the section lying within what is known as the "Great 
Bend" of the Susquehanna River, in Luzerne (now Susque- 
hanna) County, Pennsylvania. 

This letter was dated from Willingshorough, September 16, 
1791. The location of this place has not been identified. 

As shown by the endorsement upon the back of the paper, 
it was brought to the attention of the Grand Lodge and 
answered by the Grand Secretary, October 11, 1791. 

" WniLiNGSBOEOUGH, Sept. 16th, 1791. 

"1 am informed that you belong to the fraternity of Tree & 
Accepted Masons, and as there is a nmnber of the brethren, at the 


House iRO. 63, SI, % 

great bend on the Susquehanna River and its visinity who wishes to 
jbe formed into a lodge as there is no lodge in this part of the 
County — and not knowing the members of the Grand Lodge or who 
in particular to apply to in order to git a charter and the expense 
thereof for Charter,, juels, &e which perhaps you can do us the favor 
to inform us of the Method we must take, expense, &c. of our giting 
a Charter. 

" & you will much oblige your 
" friends with respect, 


" Dudley Holdridge." 

"Sept. 16th, 1791. Letter from Bro. Dudley Holdridge asking 
for information concerning a Warrant. Answered October 11th, and 
sent a Copy of the new regulations."^ 

Nothing further was heard from these Brethren at the Great 
Bend until the spring of 1795, when a regular petition was 
received, in response to which R. W. Grand Master Wm. Ball 
convened a Special Grand Lodge, April 11, 1795, and informed 
the Brethren he had convened them in order to lay before them 
a petition of a number of Brethren, praying for a warrant to 
hold a Lodge at the Great Bend of the Susquehanna Eiver, 
in the County of Luzerne. 

" To The Right Woeshippul G. M : 

" The Petition of your Subscribers humbly shewth that they now 
reside at and Near the Great Bend of the Susquehannah River and 
belong to the Ancient Fraternity and the great distance we now live 
from any Lodge induces us to Petition to your Honour for a Worant 
Authirozeing us to open a Lodge at the Sd. Great Bend make pass 
and raise Masons, and as the petitioners now lives from any Lodge 
is about Twenty Miles and the veneration we have for the Craft hope 
may Be Sufficient for us to obtain a Worant as other Brethren hes 
done Be fore us. 
and that we Recommend Mr. Dudley Holdredge as a man Sutible for 

1 MSS., Vol. U, paquet 112, folio 26. 


the appointment of a Master who his servd as a Senior and Junior 
Wordens in Friend Ship Lodge No. 72 in WUliamstown State of 

"■which is the Request and prayer of your Petitioners 

"Dudley Holdeedgb 
"AsABEL Gregory 
" To the Eight Worshipfull " Johk Biddlecome 

Grand Master for the State of " Elisha Hammond 

Pennsylvania, I Robert Lettis " Josiah Stow 

Hooper, late Deputy Grand Master " Jotham Parkeb 

for the State of New Jersey do, "Jeee Leonard 

on the Communications that I have " Aaron Reiva 

made to Brothers Chapman, Ball & " Daniel Bush. 

Hiltshimer Recommend the above 
application & I do vouch for 
Mr. Gregory. 

" RoBT. L. Hooper." 

" We the Subscribers Recommend the within petitioners for a "War- 
rant agreeable to the Prayer of their Petition. 

" Thos. Hiltsheimer. 
"William Ball." 


" April 11th, 1795. Warrant granted and signed by Grand Officers 
this day wherein Asahel Gregory was appointed Master, John Biddle- 
come Senr. Warden & Elisha Hammond, Junr. Warden. Dr. for 
Warrant H. P. Town. 

" Lodge to be held in County of Luzerne at the Great Bend of The 
Susquehanna River."^ 

Whereupon, on motion and seconded, the said Petition was 
read, and the same being recommended agreeable to the regu- 
lations of this Grand Lodge, the prayer of the Petitioners was 
unanimously granted, and the Grand Secretary was directed 

2 M8S., Vol. TJ, paquet 112, folio 25. 


3toli0« Bo, 65, SI. 9. 9^. 

to make out a Warrant accordingly in the names of Asahel 
Gregory, Master ; John Biddlecome, Senr. "Warden, and Elisha 
Hammond, Junr. Warden; the said Lodge to be called 

The village of Great Bend is in the extreme northeastern 
part of Pennsylvania. It is near the border of the State of 
New York, at the mouth of Salt Lick Creek, where it enters 
the Susquehanna'. This river makes a capricious bend out of 
the State of New York into the northern part of the county, 
and after turning round Ocquago Mountain, recrosses the 
boundary, thus the name Great Bend. 

January 2, 1797. At an adjourned Lodge the following 
credentials were read, appointing Bro. Thomas Town, the 
Senior Grand Warden, to represent Lodge No. 65, in the 
Grand Lodge : 

" To THE Eight WoESHn>PUL Grand Master Officers and Mjembers 
OF THE Grand Lodge of PENNSYiiVANiA. 

" Whereas your Et. Worshipful Grand Lodge on the Eleventh day 
of April Anno Lucis 5795 granted a Warrant & therein nominated 
Bro. Asahel Gregory Master, John Biddlecom, Sen. W. & Elisha 
Hammond, Jun. W. to hold a Lodge at the Great Bend of the Susque- 
hanna Eiver In Luzerne County, No. 65 

and whereas the distance from Philadelphia where your Grand Lodge 
is held renders it impossible for our ofScers to attend & represent our 
said Lodge at your Quarterly communication & adjourned meetings — 

" In Consideration thereof, reposing Confidence in our Bro. Thomas 
Town, who resides in Philadelphia — ^we hereby nominate. Constitute 
& Appoint him our said Brother — & invest him with full Power to 
represent our said Lodge in your W. Grand Lodge on all occasions, 
Communications and Meetings — and to act in behalf of our Lodge in 
as full and ample a manner as our officers might or could do if 
personally present. 

" In Testimony whereof we the officers of our said Lodge have 

3 Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 223. 


SDIU 9^a0onic fLottstfl of ^tnn&^lbunia 

hereunto set our hands this twenty eighth day of December in the 
year of Masonry 5795. 


" Seey. pro tern. 

"AsAHEii Gregory, W. M. No. 65 
"Dudley Holdeidge, 8:. W:. 
" JoTHAM D. CuRTiss, J: W:* 


" Deer. 2d, 1795. 

" Thomas Town's appointment to represent Lodge No. 65 in the 
Grand Lodge. 

" Read 2nd Jany. 1797." 

Whereupon, on motion made and seconded, Bro. Town was 
accordingly recognized as representing said Lodge 

April 23, 1798. Returns of Lodge No. 65 were read before 
the Grand Lodge, viz. : 

" Return of Members up to St. John's Day last, returning 29 stand- 
ing members. Their Election Return of Officers for 6 months, from 
St. John's Day, June last, returning Oliver Trowbridge, Msister; 
Dudley Holdridge, Senior Warden; Jotham W. Curtiss, Junior 
Warden; Elnathan Gregory, Secretary; Samuel Rexford, Treasurer."' 

Also the following copy of their By-Laws: 

"Bye laws of Lodge No. 65. 

" Sect. 1. That this Lodge shall consist of all those brethren that 
has been subscribers for this Warrant and all those who shall or has 
received the benefits of Masonry from the authority of this or any 
other lawful warranted lodge of the ancient fraternity of free & 
accepted masons — they having a Certificate threrfrom or sufficient 
vouchers to the satisfaction of the lodge that they have lawfully 
obtained same — and they signing the bye laws and becoming subject 
to the government thereof shall be considered in every respect as law- 
ful members of this lodge. 

*MSS., Vol. U, paquet 112, folio 27. 

5 Reprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 320. 


75pfLa^& ot JLohst Bo* 65> Si, g. 9?. 

" 2nd. That no person shall receive the benefit of masonry in this 
lodge without first having his name Entered on the minutes of the 
lodge book in open lodge at least one month before admission unless 
it be some known character nor then unless it be a case of Emergency 
for which they shall first Deposit ten Dollars into the hands of the 
secretary or before admission for his initiation fees. 

" 3d. Whereas the Craft hath greatly suffered by the admission 
of disgraceful & inferior Characters no ways worthy to receive the 
benefits of Masonry it shall therefore be the duty of the lodge not 
to propose any person as a Candidate unless he is a person of moral 
good character such as is capable of concealing secrets and is capable 
of following some occupation for a livlihood and who shall be a free 
man and not a bondman. 

" 4th. When any candidate is admitted it shall be by the consent 
of the whole lodge and shall be received by open ballot and if there 
shall appear of one black or negative ballot it shall be a sufficient 
objection that the candidate shall not be admitted at that time and 
whereas such objection may in time be removed when he may be 
ballotted for a second time, then if there appears a negative ballot 
he shall be considered as unworthy of being admitted or ballotted for 
in the lodge afterward. 

" 5th. The treasurer shall receive all the monies belonging to the 
lodge for initiation fees or any other way and shall pay out of the 
same all bills of Expense which shall be allowed by the lodge and 
signed by the Master and he shall likewise keep an accurate account 
of what monies he received and bills of Expense, &c so that he may 
settle with the lodge therefor, which settlement shall be made on 
Each Lodge night preceding St. John's Day. 

" 6th. The Secretary shall keep the key of the lodgebook of bye 
laws and book of record in which he shall keep Exact minutes of the 
proceedings of the lodge, the monies they receive, bills of Expense, 
&c so that the lodge may be able to settle with the Treasurer therefor — 

" 7th. If any complaint shall be brought against any Brother 
or Member of this lodge for wrongly defaming a brother's character, 
divulging any part of our sacred order to those to whom it doth 
not belong or any other misdemeanor which instead of conferring 
honor on the Craft should bring shame and disgrace on the fraternity, 
it shall be the Duty of the lodge carefully to examine such com- 
plaint and if it should be well supported, it shall be in the power of 
the lodge to expell such offender from ever having a seat in this lodge 
afterwards but if such complaint shall not be supported the lodge 
shall receive him as before a bosom friend. 


" 8th. In order that the lodge may not be imposed on by a pre- 
tender no candidate shall have his name entered on the minutes of 
the lodgebook for initiation without first depositing two DoUars into 
the hand of the Treasurer which shall remain to the use of the lodge 
provided such candidate makes no further application, but if applica- 
tion be made and not accepted of by ballot the money shall be 
returned back to such candidate. 

" 9th. Whereas there are some characters found unworthy of 
being admitted into our sacred order and to prevent such characters 
from receiving any injury to their reputation by reason of being 
rejected or ballotted against in this lodge and in order that no Brother 
shall make known to any person whatever what the objections were 
or who made them or even whether such candidate was ballotted for 
or against unless it be to inform such candidate thereof. 

" 10th. If any Brother who may have been initiated in any other 
lawful warranted lodge makes application to this lodge to be passed 
to the degree of fellow craft or raised to the siblime degree of Master 
Mason he shall pay to the Treasurer of this lodge Three Dollars and 
one third for each degree he receives. 

" A true copy from the original. 

" Elnathan Ghegory, Secretary." 


" Bye Laws of Lodge No. 65. 

"Read in Grand Lodge 23d April 1798 and referred to Bro. W. 
Nelson Griffiths & J. R. Taylor. 

" Committee Reported 17th Deer. 1798 and report approved."' 

Which, upon motion were referred to Bros. "W. Nelson, 
Griffiths and John R. Taylor to examine and report thereon, 
and vcho made the following report, at the adjourned Com- 
munication, December 17, 1798: 

" The Committee to whom was referred the byelaws of Lodge No. 
65 on the 23rd of April last 

"Having Examined the said Bylaws, find them agreeable, to the 
Constitution and Regulation of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, 
except the following word; in the 2nd Sect, of said bylaws, after 
the word admition, viz, unless it be some known charactor, nor then 

e MSS., Vol. U, paquet 112, folio 33. 


W^o^Ut ot %otst Mo. 65, SL, S. 

unless it be a Case of Emergency, as the Power of making Masons, 
in Case of Emergency, belongs to the R. W. G. Master or his Deputy, 
we are of opinion, that the said words, in the 2nd Sect, of said by- 
laws, are contrary to the Constitution & Regulations of the Grand 
Lodge of Pennsylvania, and out to be Expugned. 
« Phila. Deer. 17th, 5798. 

"Wm. Nelson 

" Cadw. Grippfith."' 

"A Motion was made and Seconded to take up the Report 
of the Committee on the Bye Laws for further Consideration. 
On the Question being taken it was lost."^ 

The warrant was finally surrendered, October, 16, 1809. 

RosTEK OP Lodge No. 65, held at the Great Bend op the Susque- 
hanna, Luzerne County. 

When Initiated 
Name. or 


Dudley Holdridge A. 1795, April 11. 

Asabel Gregory A. 1795, Apr. 11. 

John Biddlecom A. 1795, Apr. 11. 

Josiah Stow A. 1795, Apr. 11. 

Elisha Hammond A. 1795, Apr. 11. 

Jeremiah Lenard A. 1795, Apr. 11. 

Abner Marthis A. 1795, Apr. 11. 

Jotham Curtis 1. 1795, May 27. 

Samuel Rexf ord I. 1795, June 10. 

Ozeas Crampton I. 1795, May 27. 

Joseph Potter I. 1795, June 10. 

Levy Roath I. 1795, June 10. 

Nathaniel Holdridge ^ I. 1795, June 10. 

Jonathan Newman L 1795, Aug. 16. 

Jotham Parker A. 1795, Aug. 6. 

Oliver Hale I. 1795, Sep. 17. 

Asa Eddy I. 1795, Nov. 10. 

John Cunnisighan I. 1795, Dec. 28. 

7 MSa, Vol. U, paquet 112, folio 34. 

8 Eeprint of Minutes of Grand Lodge, Vol. I, p. 337. 

25 369 

When Initiated 
Name. or 


Abel Kent, Jr I. 1795, Dee. 28. 

Elnathan Gregory I. 1796, May 31. 

Isaac Guernsey I. 1796, May 31. 

William Whitney I. 1796, May 31. 

Peter Guernsey I. 1796, May 31. 

Oliver Trowbridge A. 1796, May 31. 

Nathan Dean I. 1796, July 12. 

Elemuel Gary I. 1796, Oct. 14. 

William Ball I. 1796, Oct. 14. 

Boyer Delano I. 1796, Dee. 26. 

Joshua Whitney I. 1796, Dee. 26. 

Isaac Stuyter I. 1796, Dec. 26. 

Eri Keeler I. 1796, Dec. 26. 

William Shaw A. 1796, Dec. 26. 

Joseph Leonard I. 1797, Feb. 22. 

Daniel Hudson I. 1792, Feb. 22. 

Elijah Forbes A. 1796, May 31. 

George Harper I. 1797, June 23. 

Elephalet Kellog I. 1797, June 23. 

Trowbridge Allen I. 1797, June 23. 

Sylvanus Hatch A. 1797, June 23. 

Daniel Summers. Daniel Stone. 

David Branson. Levy Manvill. 

Samuel Woodcock. Amos Bidwell. 

John Moore. Abel Osbom. 

Cyrus HotchMss. William Guthre. 

Amos Griggs. David Taylor. 

AUen Andrews. 





3N the year of Grace April 
5, 1774, a petition was 
presented in the Grand 
Lodge of Scotland to the 
Grand Committee held at 
Edinburgh April 5, by Bro, 
Hugh Jameson for a Lodge to 
be held at Philadelphia under 
the name of "St. John's" 
Lodge. This petition was from 
Alex. Bartram, a Scotchman, for some years a resident of 
Penn's City on the Delaware, who sent the petition to his cor- 
respondent in Scotland. This prayer was granted as appears 
from the following attested extracts from the Minutes of the 
Grand Lodge of Scotland.^ 

Extract prom Minutes of Grand Lodge. 

"Grand Committee, 5* April, 1774. 
" Present, 
" Alex. M'^Dougall Esq., Grand Secretary. 
" David Bolt, Grand Clerk 

1 Original in Archives of the Grand Lodge, MSS., Vol. C, p. 97. 


iSDlb 9^a0onic Eobsfd of ^tnn0jflbania 

" Lodges 

"Edinburgh St. David's, Bro. Henry Home, Mr. 
"Edinburgh St. Andrew's, Bro. M'^Pherson, Mr. 

" Upon reading a letter from Mr. Alex. Bartram of Philadelphia, 
addressed to Mr. Hugh Jamieson Merchant in Paisley, craving a 
Charter of Constitution and Erection for a Lodge to be held in the 
sd. town of Philadelphia, under the title of St. John's. 

" Ordered accordingly." 

"Quarterly Communication, Grand Lodge, Edinburgh, 16th May, 


" Present, 

" The Right Worshipful James BosweU Esq. G. M. p. t. 
" The Worshipful Brother Bain Whyte, Senr. G. W. p. t. 
" The Worshipful Brother Smith, Junr. G. W. p. t. 
" with representatives from a number of Lodges. 

" Confirmed also the Minutes of the 5th April last 

"Freemason's Hall 
" Edinburgh 

"28"' June 1913" 

" Certified a true Extract 

" David Reid, Grand Secretary 
" Grand Lodge of Scotland 

No returns from this Lodge were ever received by the 
Grand Lodge of Scotland. 

This Alexander Bartram had formerly been a member of 
Lodge No. 2 in Philadelphia. He was evidently a Scotch 
Mason, and first appears upon our records November 13, 
1764, as a visitor in Lodge No. 2, after which he was present 
at almost every subsequent meeting of the Lodge until April 
9, 1765, when the foUovsdng appears upon the Minutes: 
"Bro. Alex. Bartram who has often been a visitor in this Lodge 
now hath apply 'd & requested that he be admitted to become 
a Regular Member of this Body. And the Lodge taking the 


TSto, jaitjan&ec Sattcam 

same into Consideration proceeded to a Ballatt & the said Bro. 
Bartram being found worthy he was accordingly admitted to 
the Benefits of this Lodge." Henceforth he became an active 
member of the'Lodge. 

December 37, 1765. Alex. Bartram was chosen and in- 
stalled Junior Warden of the Lodge. 

"December 27, 1770. Bro. Alex. Bartram was elected and in- 
stalled as Senior Warden of the Lodge at the meeting of Lodge No. 2, 
in Videll's Alley 

"April 19, 1771. Bro. Alex. Bartram made a motion whether or 
No Bro Hall had acted the part of a Brother Mason with regard to 
this Body, it was thought by the Body in general that he had been 
very much deflcient touching the accompts together with some other 
Pertieulars relative to Masonry and Bro. Hall is excluded from this 
Body. Bro. Alex. Bartram propos'd some allegations against Bros 
Blaithwaite Jones D. G. M. & Jno. Howard and as Bro Jones was 
not present the Master thought it not proper to give a hearing antill 
it was presented in a proper manner, because the Master would not 
give a Hearing to the above affair." 

Notwithstanding this action we find the following in the 
Minutes of May 28, 1771 : 

"Note the Two Wardens Alex Bartram & W"- Smith had due 
notice By the Grand Master's orders & refused to attend on which the 
Grand Master order'd we should proceed to settle the aceo°- which 
was accordingly done and by order of the Grand Master Signed." 

At the meeting, June 13, 1771, it was ordered that the E. 
W. M. Alex Rutherford — Alex Bartram — ^W"- Smith and John 
Howard proceed to Collect the Dues of this Lodge & Continue 
to do so untill the whole be Collected, 

As no notice of above was taken by Bro. Bartram, who ab- 
sented himself from the Lodge, the following resolution was 
passed at the meeting, November 13, 1771: 


" It is agreed by the Brethren present that there shall be an Extra 
Lodge called on aecompt of our late Brethren W™- Smith and Alex. 
Bartram to show cause why they have not attended this five months 

" According to appointment last stated lodge night for Alex Bart- 
ram & WiUiam Smith Wardens of No 2 to show Cause if any they 
have for their Non attendance & to pay Lodge dues." 

As no response was made this summons the following action 

was taken at the Extra Meeting called for November 27, 1771 : 

"Alex Bartram, being particularly Summonds and not attending 
this Lodge but treating this Body with Contempt by sending the 
Summonds unopened, besides the Contempt put upon this Worship- 
full body, they have violated the Trust in which they were solemnly 
engaged as Wardens. It was ballatted wether he should continue a 
member of this Body or not, it was carried iq the Negative."^ 

Alex Bartram, being virtually expelled by this action of 
his Lodge, does not appear to have attempted to get into 
Lodge No. 3, or if so he was unsuccessful. 

Evidently brooding over his trouble, and being with the 
Loyalist party during the political troubles prior to the out- 
break of the Kevolution, he applied to the Grand Lodge of 
Scotland to set up a Masonic Lodge in Philadelphia in opposi- 
tion to his old lodge, most all of whose members were on the 
patriot side. That Bartram received his charter is shown by 
the Minutes of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. Whether he 
ever made use of it or succeeded in erecting a Lodge in Phila- 
delphia under the Warrant is not known, as no report or 
return was ever made from such Lodge to the Grand Lodge 
of Scotland. 

Nothing further in our records is found about Bro. Alex 
Bartram until during the British occupation of Philadelphia 
during the Kevolution, when Alex Bartram, together with 
three other Tories or Loyalists (Hugh Stewart, Thos. Books 

' Cf. Freemasonry in Pennsylvania 1727-1907, Vol. I p. 121. 


Bto. SLItJEamiJt Sarttam 

& Thos. Dewees), attempted to get possession of the Provincial 
Grand Warrant of Pennsylvania of 1761. In this scheme, 
however, they were thwarted by Bro. Thomas Procter, who 
secured the Warrant, which is still in the Archives of the 
Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. 

After the evacuation of Philadelphia by the British, June, 
1778, and the reoccupation by the American forces, Alexander 
Bartram was attainted of treason and his estate confiscated. 
His losses in consequence of his loyalty were estimated at no 
less than £5,000. Tradition states that he died at Shelbume, 
Nova Scotia. 







'OR more than a century there has 
been stored in the Archives of the 
Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania a 
bundle of papers, now yellow and faded 
by age, relating to the first American Mili- 
tary Lodge, viz. : "American Union Lodge, 
No. 1, ' ' originally warranted as a Military 
Lodge in the Connecticut Line. This Lodge when warranted 
was of the "Moderns,"^ but it appears that when the docu- 
ments in our possession were written, 1791-1801, they were 

Copies of the following letter were evidently sent to other 
Grand Lodges, as one appears to be on file in the Archives of 
the Grand Lodge of New York.^ 

The first letter received by our Grand Lodge from the 
Brethren of "American Union Lodge, No. 1," at Marietta, 
Ohio, was dated May 5, 1791. It was accompanied with a 
copy of the original "Warrant, granted by Grindley, Deputy 

^Vide "History of Freemasonry in the State of New York," by 
Charles McClenachan, Vol. 1, p. 333, New York, 1888. 
2 Ibid., p. 393. 


petttion tot Kecognftfon 

Grand Master of Massachusetts, February 15, 1776. This let- 
ter asked for recognition, viz. : 

" To THE Most WoRSHiPFuii the Geand Lodge of Antient Masons 
IN THE State of Pennsylvania the Brethren of the Antibnt 
Craft North West of the River Ohio send G-keeting* 

" An extensive Country having lately been opened N. West of the 
Ohio to which many brethren from Europe as well as the different 
States in America have removed, who bringing with them a knowl- 
edge of the sacred Mysteries were desirous of enjojdng those inesti- 
mable benefits of Masonry which flow from its well-regulated Insti- 
tutions, and anxious that the light which shineth in Darkness might 
Illumine their paths in this Wilderness of the West, Have therefore 
incorporated themselves into a Lodge under a Warrant by the name 
of The American Union Lodge No. 1. 

" That the greatest Harmony may ever subsist between us & the 
Brethren of the Confederate States, for the more full enjoyment of 
every benefit which can arise from the mutual exchange of good 
Offices with the Antient Craft throughout the World, we have thought 
it expedient to address the said Lodge of Pennsylvania on the subject. 
Have enclosed a Copy of the Warrant under which we work together 
with our Bye-Laws & a list of the present oflicers. Under the same 
Warrant a Lodge was held in the Connecticut Line of the Army at 
different places in course of the late War. Many worthy Brethren 
from different States of America were Initiated into the sacred 
Mysteries of the Craft. 

" We beg leave to observe that previous to opening this Lodge 
within the Western Territory — ^Being fully impressed with the neces- 
sity of our strict adherence to the principles of Masonry its Consti- 
tutions & most Antient Customs in a matter of such Magnitude as 
the opening of a Lodge in this extensive Country & being sensible 
that our Brethren in the Confederate States would naturally be led 
to inquire by what Authority a Lodge had been erected in a Country 
where no Grand Lodge Existed. Wherefore we entered into a full 
examination of the Rights of Masonry with every Circumstance of 
its Jurisdiction in America 

" We find that previous to the late Revolution all Masonic Juris- 
diction in America was derived from Europe Delegated to Grand 
Masters in & over certain Districts, that since the War the Masonic 

i MSS., Vol. L, paquet 73, folio 15. 


Bodies in the different States have considered themselves Independ- 
ent of Europe, have formed their Grand Lodges by Electing a 
Grand Master & other Officers necessary to compose the same, that 
this System has taken place where there was no Grand Lodge pre- 
vious to the Revolution as well as in those States where Grand 
Masters had been appointed from Europe. Erom hence we con- 
cluded that as the Grand Lodge in the different States now acted 
by virtue of powers derived from their being Elected to those 
Offices, their Jurisdiction could not extend beyond the limits of the 
States in & over which they had been Elected and that of course the 
Federal Territory was not within the Jurisdiction of any of the 
present Grand Lodges in the respective States. 

" We then proceeded to examine the Warrant of which the en- 
closed is a copy & found that the Grand Master who granted it was 
duly appointed Provincial Grand Master over all of N. America where 
no special Grand Master was appointed That his Warrant to Joel 
Clarke Esq. was amply sufficient for opening a Lodge in any part 
of his Jurisdiction. That our present Master was duly invested with 
the same in the course of the late War being his successor in office. 
That the power contained in that Warrant had never been revoked 
by the office from whence they Issued, but that they now remain in 
fuU force. 

" And as there was no particular Grand Lodge having Jurisdic- 
tion at this time over the Western Territory. And as the said Terri- 
tory was clearly within the Jurisdiction of the Grand Master who 
granted this Warrant at the time of its Issuing. Therefore we de- 
termined that the Warrant referred to as above was fully & amply 
sufficient for opening a Lodge within the Territory N. West of the 
Ohio. Accordingly the Master with a due number of the former 
members being present the Lodge was opened in ample form & 
Incorporated agreeably to the antient Customs of the Royal Craft. 
And we have to request that we may be recognized as such in the 
different Grand Lodges in our sister States in America. We beg 
leave further to observe that the extent of the Western Territory, 
the rapid increase of Inhabitants & the number of the worthy, will 
soon make it necessary for the full enjoyment of the benefits of 
Masonry, that more Lodges be established within the Territory. That 
in pursuance of the example of some of the Confederate States who 
had no Grand Master previous to the Revolution & have since 
formed a Grand Lodge by electing a Grand Master we conceive our- 
selves as being the Masonic Body Corporate within the Eederal 
Territories & duly invested with every power necessary to eonsti- 


€>ctsinal aziiattant at 1776 

tute Rules & govern the same agreeably to the Constitutions & antient 
Customs of the Royal Craft throughout the World. Having thus 
explained the Principles on which we have opened a Lodge in this 
Western World We have the fullest confidence that the Principles of 
Masonry, its Constitutions & Customs, on the fairest Constructions, 
will justify our Proceedings. We are equally certain that should we 
have been led into an error by false reasonings the Grand Lodge will 
be persuaded However that sincerity and an anxious wish to promote 
the Good of the Craft have guided the Measures, & that they will 
conceive it their duty to point out the errors & guide our Steps into 
the paths in which we ought to walk. We have only to request that 
every Impediment may be removed which might prevent the mutual 
exchange of good offices between the Brethren of this & every habit- 
able part of Creation, & that nothing may prevent the light which 
shineth in the East from spreading its benign Influencies even to the 
going down of the Sun. 

"May the fullest enjoyment of every Blessing attend the Grand 
Lodge in this life & that to come. With the most earnest wishes for 
the Health, Peace & Happiness to all Mankind & Cordial affection 
to the enlightened throughout the World. 

" Marietta May 

« 5'" 1791 
" To the Grand Lodge of 
" Pennsylvania." 

"We are most Worshipful Brothers 
« Tour most Ob'd' & 
" Humble Serv"' 
"Rupus Putnam J. W. 
" Benj Tuppbr S. W 

The following copy of the original Warrant of 1776 accom- 
panied the above letter, and is now in the Archives of the 
Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania: 

" To Joel Clarke Esquhie Greeting^ John Rowe G. Master 

"By virtue of the authority invested in me, I hereby, reposing 
special trust and confidence in your knoweldge & skill of the Ancient 
Craft, Do appoint and constitute you the said Joel Clarke Esq' 

B MSS., Vol. L, paquet 73, p. 14. 


Master of the American Union Lodge, now erected in Roxbury, or 
wheresoever your Body shall remove on the continent of America; 
provided it be where no grand master is appointed. You are to 
promote in your Lodge the greatest harmony, brotherly love, and to 
keep up to the Constitutions, for the reputation of the Craft. In 
your Makings you are to be very cautious of the moral characters 
of such persons, as also of Visitors, and such as desire to become 
members of your Lodge (such as were not made in it) You are to 
transfer to the Grand Lodge a fair account of the choice of your 
oflBcers, as well present as future. Any matters coming before your 
Lodge that cannot be adjusted you are to appeal to, and lay the 
same before the Grand Lodge for a decision. You are as often as 
the Grand Lodge meets to attend with your two Wardens; of the 
time and place the Grand Lodge shall meet you will have previous 
notice. In order to support the Grand Lodge, your Lodge is to pay 
into the hands of the Grand Secretary each quarterly night the sum 
of twelve shillings L. Money. All which you will pay a due regard 
to. This Commission to remain in full force and virtue untill re- 
called by me or my successor in office 

" Given under my hand and the hands of the Grand Wardens the 
seal of the Grand Lodge first affix'd, this 15* day of Feb^- Anno 
Mundi 5776 and of salvation 1776. 
" Signed 

Richard Gridlet, Depv- G^ Master 
"WillM- Babbeck S'' G* Warden 
" By order of the Dep^- G* Master 

" Recorded WillM Hoskins G. SeC- 
" Copy. Anslem Tupper Sec^ A. U. L." 

There is no record upon our Minutes that this communication 
was ever read before the Grand Lodge, or that any action was 
taken in the premises. There was, however, some action taken 
upon above request, as it states, in a subsequent letter,* that 
they received an answer from the Grand Lodge of Pennsyl- 
vania, ackowledging them to be a "just and regularly consti- 
tuted Lodge." 

Then again in the letter to the Grand Lodge, dated January 
10, 1793, the Brethren at Marietta acknowledge the receipt of 

3 Infra, p. 22, Letter to Grand Lodge, April 6, 1801. 


a letter from our Grand Lodge, dated May 25, 1792, together 
with a copy of the Ahiman Rezon presented to them by our 
Grand Lodge. 

Twenty months later a MS. copy of the By-Laws of the 
Lodge was sent to the Grand Lodge as follows : 

" By Laws of The American Union Lodge No. 1' 

"Article 1°'- 

" This Lodge being held under a Warrant granted to a Traveling 
Body by the Name of The American Union Lodge & not Numbered 
but being the first regular Lodge opened in Federal Territories is to 
be Denominated No. 1 is to consist of the usual Officers pointed by 
the Constitution & such number of Members as in Lodge duly as- 
sembled by unanimous ballot shall be deemed proper. 

"Article 2* 

" This Lodge is to be held on the first Monday in Each Month & 
■within the Federal Territory at such Places as the Body duly notified 
& amply assembled shall in open Lodge by Majority Determine. 

"Article 3* 

"This Lodge to be Opened from the Autumnal to the Vernal 
Equinox at 5 o'clock P. M. & to be closed Nine— from the Vernal to 
the Autumnal Equinox to be opened at 6 o'clock P. M. and closed 
at 10 o'clock — of the Thne and place of meeting the Members are to 
take due Notice and attend accordingly as no further notice will be 
given with respect to the Stated Meetings. 

"Article 4"^ 

" The Officers of this Lodge are to be chosen on the Lodge Night 
precedmg the Festival of St. John the Evangelist & St. John the 

"Article 5* 

"The Votes in this Lodge respecting admission of Members, 
Innitiations, Passings & Raisings to be by BaUot & Unanunous. 
Such Matters as respect the Chusmg of Officers passing of Laws, 

elbid., p. 17. 


Committees, removals &e to be by Ballot & determined by Majority 
the Master having a Casting Vote. 

"Aeticle 6"'- 

" No Brother to be admitted a Visitor in this Lodge unless Vouch'd 
for by some known Brother or can produce to a Committee (ap- 
pointed by the Master for that purpose) such credentials as his 
having been regularly initiated in a just Lodge as wiU satisfy the 
Master & Brethren & when in the Latter ease he must address the 
Master a Visitor thus admitted may have permission to give his 
opinion on such Subjects as perticularly respect the good of the 
Craft but he cannot give his Vote. 

"Article 7*-^- 

" No Candidate can be Initiated in this Lodge unless he is Vouched 
for by one Brother, a Member, that he is of Lawful Age, Defective 
in neither Body or Mind is of good moral Character has an Estate, 
professional employment Trade or Occupation by which he is en- 
abled to maintain his Family Support the Dignity of the Craft and 
this Lodge in particular 

"Article S* 

"No Brother can be admitted a Member in this Lodge unless he 
can produce the Credentials as in Article 6"" and is Vouch'd for as 
in Article T* or at least that he was in such Circumstances at the 
Time of his being Initiated & by misfortune not his own fault he is 
become otherwise. 

"Article Q* 

"Every Candidate made pass'd or Rais'd in this Lodge signing 
the bye-Laws commences Membership of course & will be considered 
such until he signifies his intention to the contrary 

"Article 10*'' 

"AU Applications of Candidates for Innitiation or admission of 
Members to be in writing to specify the applicant's Name Title Trade 
or Occupation & place of Residence & must be handed to the Master 
in Open Lodge by the Brother Vouching for him who must be a 
member counter Sign the application and consider himself respon- 
sible for all expense. 


>6g-ltai»si ot Simttttan WLnion JLoHt 

"Abticlh 11* 

" The Brother who proposes & becomes a Voucher for a Candi- 
date for Initiation must deposits two Dollars which sum if the Candi- 
date is not accepted shall be punctually returned if accepted and 
does not apply to be made Forfeit to the Lodge & if accepted & 
made to be considered as a part of their initiation Fee here after 
pointed out 

"Abticle 12* 

" The Fees for admission of Members, Initiations &c are Stated 
as follows, viz: 

For admitting a Member 1 Doll 

For Initiation of a Candidate, Viz: 
Initiation including deposit . . 3 Dolls, "l 

Fund of Charity 3 Dolls I 7 Dolls 

To Clothe the Lodge 1 DoU J 

For passing a Member 1 DoU. 

" passing a Brother not a Member 2 " 

" raising a Member 2 " 

" raising a Brother not a Member 3 " 

To the Secretary for a Certificate 1 Doll 

For the Tyler, Viz: 

For Each Night 1 Dime 

" Each Initiated passed or raised 3 " 

" Each Member quarterly 5 " 

Visiting Brethren Each Night 2 " 

"Aeticle 13* 

"All Fees Dues and Fines are to be secured or occasionally de- 
posited in the chest as the Lodge may direct & any member refusing 
or Neglecting to pay his quarterages previous to the Election of 
OiBcers shall be deprived of his vote. 

"Article 14* 

" The Chest apparatus and Furniture necessary for transacting the 
business shall be the Property of the Lodge & delivered into the care 
of some responsible Brother. 

"Article 15* 

"The Secretary of the Lodge shall keep fair Records of their 
Transactions of the Initiations &c. a Register of the Names of 
26 385 

Candidates Initiated pass'd & rais'd, Visiting Brethren &c. and all 
things proper to be committed to writing he shall issue Summons at 
the Master's direction for the Calling of Special Lodges he is to 
receive all Monies & to pay the same to the Treasurer Entering the 
same on what account & from whom received in the Record of the 

"Article le"" 

" The Treasurer shall receive all Monies from the Secretary pay 
them out agreeable to such Directions as the Lodge duly assembled 
shall Determine to keep fair Record of Receits & payments & 
account with the Lodge whenever Required. 

"Article l?'" 

" The Steward is to take his orders from the Lodge make such 
Provision for Feasts & Entertainments as he may be directed he is 
also to assist the Junior "Warden in providing Refreshment for the 
Labourers always remembering that no more Liquor than to the 
amount of 6 cents for each Brother present can be called for & charged 
to the Lodge without a special order from the Lodge the preceding 
Lodge Knight no person but the Steward to order Liquors on 
account of the Lodge & he to be answerable for all over and above 
the allowance. 

"Article IS"" 

"The Articles of this Constitution being the Basis on which all 
by-Laws are made Due attention is to be paid to each and every 
perticular of them with respect to the power priviledge & Authority 
of the Lodge its officers their duty the duty of Members both within 
& without the Lodge their Conduct towards Superiors inferiors & 
Equals as Individuals as Members of Society as Masons as Moral 
Subjects and every departure from the rules of Propriety or which 
s^all be deemed such by a majority of the Lodge assembled the 
Transgression will be Dealt with according to the Rules of Masonry 
& it is considered the duty of this Lodge to hear and determine the 
Complaints of this Body and use every Endeavour to consiliate the 
affections of Brethren and to Convince the World that we live as 
Brethren, but in such differences of opinion as may require the 
decision of Law or when any Brother is Lost to the advice given this 
Lodge is not to involve themselves in disputes by making them- 
selves parties in such Disputes. 


3Bg»3lai»s» ot SLmttican WLnion JLotse 

"Article 19'" 

" As Charrity is the great Bond of Brotherly Love the Cement of 
Society the Supreme end of Masonry and as there is no Lodges in 
the French Territory superior to this where our fund of Charity can 
with propriety be plain this fund of Charity of the Lodge is to be 
under the Direction of the Master and Brethren Members of this 
Lodge assembled and to be deposited with the Treasurer & for the 
better relieving the necessities of such as may be the proper objects 
of Charity it is determined that the Master, two Wardens & two 
Brethren, Members, chosen by the members themselves be a Standing 
Committee and three to be a quorum provided one of the three was 
chosen by the Member & shall have power to receive the application 
of Brethren for Charity hear and report the same to the Lodge and 
when they may deem immediate assistance necessary they may order 
a sum not exceeding five Dollars to a distress'd Brother to be paid 
out of the funds of Charity they are to hold at least one meeting every 
quarter to enquire into the State of the Charity funds & devise ways 
and means for puting them in such a state as may afford the greatest 
relief to the Distresses of the Fraternity & be productive of lasting- 
advantage to the antient craft in the Federal Territory and where- 
ever dispersed in the wide world & as one Charity ought not to be- 
circumscribed to narrough Bounds The Distress of others not of the 
Fraternity may also be admitted -within the discretionary Judgment 
of the Committee of Charity under the same restrictions pro-vided 
however the proceeding of former Committee of Charity their Rules 
& Regulations are to be the Ruling Points by which this Lodge is to 
govern itself. 

" Article 20* 

" This Lodge duly assembled and vested with the usual power 
Solemly ratify and Confirm the foregoing articles & Declare them to 
be binditig on Every person who shall subscribe the same however 
reserving to the Lodge when assembled in. Due & ample form the 
power to ad diminish alter explain & amend the foregoing articles 
pro-vided they do not depart from the antient land Mark except the 
5th Qth yth ^ gth articles which are declared irrevocable -without the 
consent of every member within the Bill of Mortality. 

Copy Anselm Tupper Secretary. 


" List of the present Officers of the American Union Lodge No. 1 
holden at Marietta May 5^^ 1791 : 

"Worshipful — Jonathan Heaht Master 
"Worshipful — BenjN Tupper — SeW Warden 
"Hon''' — RuPus Putnam, Jun'' Warden 
" Anselm Tupper Secretary 
"Robert Oliver Treasurer 
" WillM Burnham Steward." 

The next letter we have was dated January 10, 1793, there 
is no record when it was received; 

"To the Right Worshipful the Master, Giticers, & Members 
OF the Grand Lodge of Penstlvania — 

" Brethren — 

"Having addressed you during the last Autumn, but doubting 
whether our letter has yet been received, We are again happy to 
acknowledge the Receipt of yours of the 25th of May last, together 
with the valuble Book of Constitutions which you were pleased to 

" With grateful Pleasure we accept your kind proffers of ' Infor- 
mation & Assistance which may be necessary,' and your Offer of 
"Correspondence, we esteem a singular Mark of fraternal AJfeetion, 
from which we cannot fail to receive Light and Instruction. 

" It affords us a peculiar Satisfaction that our Warrant meets with 
your Approbation, & that you recognize us as a just & regular Lodge, 

" Animated with the Countenance & approbation of so respectable 
a Lodge, We shall look up to it as our Patron and Guide; and 
persevere in the Attainments of the Sublime art and Masonic Virtue. 

" Whenever it shall become necessary for us to erect more Lodges 
we shall take the Liberty to make Application to you for Warrants 
to authorize their formation. 

" Our establishment of this first Lodge in this Wilderness (we 
hope) is but the dawning of a Light which shall hereafter pervade the 
remotest Bounds of this extensive Territory. 

"The Bearer of this wiU be the Worshipful Past Master the 
Honourable Rufus Putnam esquire, our beloved Brother 

" That the Father of Light may illumine all our Paths & have 


%ttttt& to t^t (IStanti EPtige 

you in his holy keeping is the axdent Prayer of your affectionate 
Brethren in the West 

" By order of the Lodge 

" Rob''' Oliveb, Master. 
" Marietta January 10*- 1793 

"Anselm Tuppeb Secretary." 

" Marietta Jan^ 10, 1793. 

" Bead June 3*. Referred to Committee on Correspondence No 3 
" Marietta Lodge 1 " 

There does not appear to have been any action taken, nor 
report made by the Committee on Correspondence, to which, as 
shown by the endorsement, it was referred, as during the sum- 
mer of 1793 Philadelphia was almost devastated by the scourge 
of yellow fever. All meetings and gatherings were forbidden 
and suspended during the summer and autumn of that year. 
No meeting of the Grand Lodge was held between St. John's 
Day, J\me 24, and December 2 of that pestilential year. It 
may well be assumed that the matter was either overlooked or 

The next information we have from the American Union 
Lodge is the following communication, which was read in 
Grand Lodge, June 2, 1800, and ordered to be filed : 

" Marietta lO"' April 1800 
" Wor^ Sir and Brother 

" In conformity to the regulations, and directions of the American 
TJnion Lodge No. One, holden at Marietta Territory of the United 
States Northwest of the River Ohio, I do myself the honor to trans- 
mit the enclosed to your particular care and attention 

" I am "Worshipful Sir and Brother 

with the pure sentiments of Brotherly 
affection, Your Obedient 

"Humble Servant 
" Benjamin Tupper Secv- 
" M' George A. Baker." 
" Endorsed : 


" Communication from " American Union Lodge No. 1 " held at 

« Eee'd in Grand Lodge 2* June 1800 & ordered to be filed." 

" To the • Eight Worshipful Grand Master, deputy Grand Master, 
Wardens, other Officers and Brethren of the Grand Lodge of the 
most ancient and honorable Fraternity of Free and Accepted 
Masons of Pennsylvania; the American Union Lodge No. One held 
at Marietta Territory of the United States northwest of the River 
Ohio sendeth greeting' 

"Right Worshipful 

" With pleasure and gratitude we acknowledge your fraternal atten- 
tion, in the communication of December last. From so respectable a 
Body as the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania such attention is pecu- 
liarly flattering and one our grateful obligations are increased from 
the reflection that as we are not under your immediate care and 
patronage, your communication must originate from affection to the 
Lodge and regard to Masonry in general. Being not sufficiently 
numerous in this Territory to form a Grand Lodge, we are happy to 
correspond in the manner which is in our power, sensible of your 
condeseention in admitting the correspondence, and hoping soon to be 
in a situation to communicate with you in a form more correspondent 
to ancient usage. 

" There are now in the Territory four or more Lodges, and others 
we expect will soon be constituted; With respect to either of them 
we are unable to give particular information excepting of the one 
which now addresses you And we are happy to inform that no Ex- 
pulsions have taken place in this Lodge, and but one Suspension since 
our first organization. The person suspended was E2a-a Lunt, an 
Officer in the late Revolutionary War, who soon after removed to 
Kentucky and from thence to one of the Southern States. 

" With you we sensibly feel the loss we have sustained in the death 
of Washington our Beloved Brother; and tho he never graced our 
meetings or Processions with his presence ; yet the happy effects of his 
Masonic and civic virtues; of his heroism, Wisdom, patriotism and 
policy have reached the West they have extended to every extreme of 
the United States; and like the sun at high Meridian have cheared 
enlightened and animated; not only America, but the whole civilized 
World. On the first intelligence of his decease this Lodge unanimously 

7 Ihid., p. 21. 


Si csttat Calamity 

agreed to wear mourning for six months; as a just, respectful, and 
aflfectionate Tribute to bis memory; and we cannot but receive sub- 
lime satisfaction in the Intelligence, that all our Brethren in the 
East unite with us in esteem, veneration, and respect, for so dis- 
tinguished, and so amiable a character. " He was indeed an illus- 
trious Brother Citizen and Chief; In peace and in War in council 
and in action, pre-eminent." Religion and Government which are 
specially taught by the Mysteries of our Order were eminently con- 
spicuous in our departed Brother. But we do not mourn as those 
without hope; Tho to us the loss is great to Mm the gain infinitely 
exceeds it; The Supreme Grand Master has remanded him from a 
terrene to expand his ample mind in the boundless duties and enjoy- 
ments of a Cestial Lodge, whose builder is the Great Architect of 
the Universe " When labour will be without pain, and refreshment 
the most exhilerating, where light in sacred mysteries is constantly 
increasing and when by swift progressive steps the worthy are 
exalted. May we not indulge the pleasing thought that one part of 
the labour which now employs our beloved Washington is as a 
Guardian Angle to attend the Brotherhood, to give timely notice of 
approaching danger, to inspire us with spiritual wisdom, that being 
established in strength and adorned with moral beauty, we may be 
raised to that Celestial Lodge constituted by the Supreme Grand 
Master of the Universe, and over which he with peculiar pleasure 

" With sentiments of esteem, Affection and 

respect we are Right Worshipful Brethren 

Tours in the strongest Masonic Bonds 

"By the unanimous Order of the Lodge assembled 
in due, and ample form, April 7"* Anno Lucis 5800 
"Benjamin Tupper, See''" 

The next communication vras dated a year later and tells 
of the serious calamity which overtook the Lodge at Marietta 
on the night of March 24, 1801 : 

" American Union Lodge No 1 holden at Marietta in the North- 
western Territory on Monday the 6* day op April Anno 
Luois 5801, to the Grand Lodge op the most ancient and 



Pennsylvania, respectfully sendeth Masonic salutations 

"Bight Worshipful.^ 

" The transactions of the Grand Quarterly communication of De- 
cember last, together with a List of the Lodges under your juris- 
diction, and of the expulsions and rejections communicated to the 
Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania during the last year, transmitted to 
us by your Secretary, have been gratefully received. Influenced by 
our mutual fellowship and affection, and relying on your disposition 
to grant us every necessary relief consistent with propriety, we 
transmit the following communication. 

" On the night of the 24'*' of March last the house in which we 
performed our Masonic Labours, with all the Furniture, Cloathing, 
working Tools and Jewels of the Royal Arch and Master's Lodge 
with the Charter, were consumed by fire. Our By-laws, Records and 
accoimts being at the house of the Secretary escaped the calamity. 
The loss to us is very considerable, exclusive of the Charter. In the 
year 1791 we addressed the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania and for- 
warded a copy of our Charter and By-laws: To which we received 
an answer acknowledging us a ^ust and regulary constituted Lodge. 
Our present situation pleads your friendly aid, and from your kind- 
ness already exhibited towards us, we doubt not you will give us that 
relief which our circumstances require. Although our Charter be 
consumed, we do not conceive that this event has destroyed our 
regular standing as a Lodge, or has deprived us of our Banlc. We 
therefore request that the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania wiU renew 
our Charter in such a mode as shall re-instate us in former rank 
and privileges. 

"We are happy to inform you that no rejections, suspensions, 
or expulsions have taken place in our Lodge since the last com- 
munication. Our present Officers are as follows, viz: 

" Brother Return J. Meigs, Master 

" Brother Ichabod Nye, Senior Warden 

"Brother William Skinner Junior Warden 

" Brother David Putnam, Secretary 

" Brother Levi Whipple, Treasurer. 

" By order of the Lodge. 

"David Putnam, Secretary 

8 Hid., p. 22. 


W^t (15tanti Eobse ot SD^io 

" George A. Baker, Esquire 

" Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania." 

" Endorsed 
" 6 April 1801 
" Letter from ' American Union 
" Lodge No 1 ' held at Marietta 
" read in G. L. 15 June 1801 
" ans. is* by G. Sec^ agreeably to 
"Resolutions of G. Lodge." 

" Marietta July 21=' 1801 
"■ Worshipful 

" This will be handed to you by our worthy Brother William 
Skinner of the American Union Lodge No One, who is by the Master 
requested to wait on you for the purpose of being informed whether 
you have received a communication from this Lodge of the 6* of 
April last directed to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania and if 
received what proceeding have been had thereon, and lest that com- 
munication may by any accident have failed of being received a 
Duplicate thereof is enclosed. 

" Any information you shall please to give, or communication you 
may have to make to the American Union Lodge, Brother Skinner 
will take the charge of 

"I am Worshipful Brother & Sir 
"with due consideration 
"your Obedient Servant 

" David Putnam 

" To George A. Baker Esq. 

" Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania." 
" Endorsement 
« Marietta 21=' July 1801 
" Letter from American Union 
" Lodge No 1 with Duplicate of their 
" Communication of 6"" April 
"read in G. L. Sept. 7, 1801" 

There is no record upon our Minutes of any action being 
taken upon this appeal. 

When, seven years later, a Grand Convention of Freemasons 
in the State of Ohio was held at Chillicothe, January, 1808, 


for the purpose of forming a Grand Lodge in that State, the 
most prominent delegates in this Convention were Bro. Past 
Master Robert Oliver and Bros. Ichabod Nye and William 
Skinner, of American Union Lodge, No. 1, of Marietta. 

When the organization was completed, Bro. Past Master 
Eufus Putnam, of American Union Lodge, No. 1, was chosen 
as the first Grand Master of the new Grand Lodge and Bro. 
David Putnam, Grand Secretary.' 

Toward the close of the year 1808, Bro. Putnam sent the 
following letter to the Grand Lodge of Ohio, containing his 
resignation : 

" To THE Grakd Lodge of the most ancient and HONORABiiE so- 


" It was with high, sensibility and gratitude I received the informa- 
tion, that the grand convention of masons convened at Chillicothe in 
January last, elected me to the office of grand Master, of your most 
ancient and honorable society; but, however sensibly I feel the high 
honor done me by the convention, and am disposed to promote the 
interest of the craft in general, and in this state in particular, I must 
decline the appointment. My sun is far past the meridian; it is 
almost set; a few sands only remain in my glass; I am unable to 
undergo the necessary labors of that high and important office; unable 
to make you a visit at this time, without a sacrifice and hazard of 
health, which prudence forbids. 

"May the great Architect under whose all seeing eye, all masons 
profess to labor, have yon in his holy keeping, that when our labors 
here are finished, we may, through the merits of him that was dead, 
but is now ahve, and lives forevermore, be admitted into that temple 
not made with hands eternal in the heavens — Amen; So prays your 
friend and brother, 

"Rupus Putnam. 
"Marietta, Dee. 26th, 1808" 

Proceedings of the Grand Convention of Freemasons in the State of 
Ohio, Chillicothe, 1809, p. 6. 






Arbatton, William, 315 
Arbutton, Wm., 308, 313 
Aberdour, Lord, 205, 206 
Aclland, Etienne, 283 
Adams, James, 98 

John, 115, 325 

Eev. John, 155 

Levi, 112, 114 

Robert, Master, 153, 154, 155, 

156, 157, 159 

Thomas, 203 

WiUiam, 18, 34 

Adcocfc, William, E.W.G.M., 30, 57, 
59, 101, 148, 150, 156, 195, 209, 
218, 219, 220, 246 

Alexander, Alexander, 147 

A., 60, 110, 112-114 

• John, 291 

William, Maj. Gen. (Lord 

Sterling), 38 
Allen, Trowbridge, 370 
AUender, WiUiam, 123, 124, 125, 

126 127 
AUibone, Captn., 210 
Allison, John, 154-156, 159, 166 

William, 291 

Amer, John, 173 
Amos, Eobert, 128 
Anderson, Archd., 53, 54 

Joseph, 334, 335 

Joseph L, Captain, 18, 34, 

130, 134 

Joshua, 341 

Andre, 180 
Andrews, Allen, 370 

■ David S., 301 

Ankrim, Josiah, 301 
Armand, Colonel, 54 
Armstrong, 92, 821 

George, 360, 361 

James, 120, 335 

John, 93 

Major, 54 

Thomas, 17, 34, 329, 333 

WiUiam, 93 

Arnold, 130 
Ashbrook, James, 316 
Ashman, James, 825 
Ashton, Joseph, 84 
Atkinson, Mathew, 49, 51 
Auld, Ja., 88, 89 

J. A., 86, 88, 89 

Bable, Samson, 801 
Backhouse, Eichard, 342 
Bacque, Henry, 282 
Baddeley, John, 193 
Baddsley, Col. John, 182 
Bailey, Jeremiah, 801 

Joel C, 301 

Baillargean, Bernard, 282 
Baird, Absalom, 308, 313, 314, 315 
Baker, 332 

Capt. Chas., 127 

George A., 113, 258, 222, 286, 

824, 342, 889, 398 


iSDIti SS^a^onit Eotise0 ot penn^slbania 

Baker, W. S., 4-159 

Ball, Wm., E. W. Gr. Master, 41, 

46, 53, 67, 99, 101, 134, 138, 141, 

136, 347, 364, 370 
Baldwin, Joshua, 301 
Bankson, 108 

Andrew, 103, 105, 107 

J., 22 

Jacob, 101, 102, 104, 303 

Baptist, John, 114 

Barbeck, Wilhn., 382 

Barber, Francis, 131 

Barclay, Charles, 334 

Barem, John, 240 

Barker, John, 102, 103, 105, 359 

Barns, Alexander, 334 

- Henry, 334 
Barnet, Daniel, 121 
Beauvois, Baron de, 304, 305 

John L. G., 249 

Villian, 244 

Barratt, Norris S., 2, 16 
Barrault, Marc, 283 
Barron, Jno. L. Galbert, 246 
Barry, Henry, 112, 114 
Bartholomew, John, 294, 295, 299 
Batten, J. W., 44, 45 

Baum, John Christian, 233 
Bauvais, Louis Bernard, 266 
Baynet, James, 337 
Beal, George, 203 

John, 204 

Beall, Zephaniah, 313, 315 
Beard, Duncan, 225, 227 
Beatty, Erkurius, 70, 77 

John, 325 

Beading, 337, 338, 339, 340, 

341, 342 

Beaty, William, 334 

Beaujolais, 304 

Beaumont, H., 176, 180 

Bedens, 263 

Beckwith, Cyrus, 307, 313, 315 

Bedence, Pierre Elisee, 282 

Bell, John, 334 

Eobert, 361 

BeU, William, 240, 335 

Bellair, Francis, 282 

BeUoy, Pierre Augustus Bequet du, 

251, 260 
Bence, Samuel, 303 
Benezet, Samuel, 337, 340, 342 
Bennet, Jesse, 240 
Bennett, Jacob, 290 

Wm., 289, 290, 340 

Berkley, John, 305 
Bernard, 41, 125 

James D., 301 

Berry, James, 224, 225, 226, 227, 

Bevins, B. Wilder, 70 
Bewell, Timothy, 360 
Biddlecome, John, 364, 365, 369 
Bidwell, Amos, 370 
Biens, Maxwell, 114, 115 
Biraud, 261, 262 
Bird, John, 114 
Bisom, John, 203 
Bittin (Bitting), Adam, 73, 74 
Bitting, Anthony, 93 
Blair, John, 133 

■ Joseph, 97 

Blaekston, Eber., 226, 227, 230 
Blair, James, 335 

Mark, 334 

Blaney, Lord, 120, 121 
Bleaney, John, 93, 94 
Boles, George, 180 
Bombary, Captn., 200, 201 
Bones, James, 296, 300 
Bonjour, Jean Marie, 266, 271 
Boomer, John, 193 

Bond, Ralph, 127 

Bonham, Absolom, 134 

Bonnamy, 248 

Boothe, James, 112, 114 

Bostwich, Wm., 42 

Bosworth, Obediah, 198, 199, 203 

Bounetheau, Peter, 147 

Bourke, Thomas, 75, 76, 79, 80, 82, 

137, 139 
Bowen, Thomas, B., 58, 59, 61 


lntit% ot iRattud 

Bowers, Stephen, 300 
Bowls, John, 313, 315 
Boyd, John, 325 
J(ohn), 69, 120 

Wm., 329, 333 

Boyle, John, 361 
Bradford, Lieut., 106 

Samuel F., 256, 259 

Bradford, Wm., 227 
Brady, William, 115 
Bradley, Caleb, 301 
Brandon, Armstrong, 335 
Branson, David, 370 

Brant, Joseph (Thayendanega), 

Brearley, G., 105 
Breddon, John, 325 
Bretbury, 125 
Brock, Joseph, 346, 348, 349 

Vanden, 259 

Brooks, Edward, 281 

John, 228, 230 

Brown, Charles, 182 

Freeborn, 121 

George, 49 

James, 193, 328, 329, 333 

Eobert, 334, 361 

Samuel, 204 

Brunetau, Bartholomy, 283 
Buchanan, Dr. Jno., 324 
Bucroft, 218, 219 

Budd, Dr. George, 125, 127 

Samuel, 127 

Budder, Richard, 301 
Buffington, Ephraim, 298, 301 
Bull, John, 128, 297 

John Gronow, 298, 300 

■ Richard, 335 

Bullock, Moses, 334 

Bullus, Samuel, 99, 100, 101, 102, 

104, 105, 108 
Burd, Jos. Vincent, 193 
Burnham, Willm., 388 
Burns, James, 335 
Burrowes, Eden, 132 
Bush, Daniel, 364 

Bush, J(ohn), 70, 141 
Bushworth, J. H., 178 
Butler, John, 3 

E(ichard), 72 

WilUam, 31 

W(illiam), 71 

CadwaUader, John, 318, 322, 324 

Joseph, 325 

Cahill, Edward, 240 
Caldwell, Samuel, 127, 134 

Timothy, 356 

Call, Chas., 313, 315 
Callahan, Chas. H., 168 
Campbell, Archd., 49 

Janet, 155 

Terence, 288, 358_, 360 

John, 360 

T(homas), 70 

Eobert Mis., 346, 348, 349 

Parker, 316 

William B., 361 

Candess, William, 361 

Caney, Hugh, 97 

Carpenter, Antoine Joseph, 282 

Wm. Clark, 115 

Carpon, Charles, 228 
Carson, Chas., 229, 230 

Carter, George, 149, 150, 178, 181, 
187, 190, 191, 192, 193, 195 

John, 10 

Carty, David, 230 

Isaac, 227, 229, 230 

Gary, Elemuel, 370 

Cassen, Capt., 208, 213 

Caswell, General, 38 

Cathell, Jonathan, 356 

Chamau, 281 

Chambers, James, 307, 309, 313, 

Chalfant, Chad, 313, 315 
Chapman, 364 

Charnview, Louisettatharin, 282 
Chester, Wm. P., 325 
Chreig, Thomas, 36 
Christee, John, 299 


iSDlti 9^a0onit JLotiSt& of ^mn&nlbania 

Chiister (Christie), J(ohn), 69 
Christie, John, 294, 295 

• Gabriel, 127 

Chunnell, James, 93, 94 
Church, John, 86-88 

Thomas, 240 

T(homas), 72 

Glairy, Ar. T., 15 

Clark, George Eodgers, 26 

Griffith, 360 

James, 825, 260 

■ John, 101, 110, 229, 230, 352, 

Clarke, Joel, 381 
Clarendon, Smith, 209 
Clement, Eutrope, 283 
Clinton, 117 

General, 176 

Cloak, Ebenner., 229, 230 

Coats, John, 41, 46, 67, 75, 80, 
116, 118, 136 

John H., 300 

Cockburu, Sir George, 175 
Cole, Ephraim, 127 

John, 356 

Colesberry, Jacob, 115 
Colley, Jonathan, 90, 93 
Collett, John, 181 
Conaro, Antrim, 115 
Conn, Sam, 102, 103 
Connor, James, 335 
Cooke, David, 315 

George, 356 

William, 316 

Cooper, Nathaniel, 202, 203 

Eobert, 358, 360, 361 

Cope, William, 230, 361 
Copeland, David, 291 
Cornet, Pierre, 282 
Cortney, David, 335 
Courroy, Pierre, 271 
Cowan, Alexander, 115 
Coxe, Daniel, 98 

Coyle, 234 
Coynman, John, 241 
Crafoord, Sir James, 331 

Graft, James, 99, 104, 105, 107, 108 
Crafts, Thomas, 197, 198, 199, 200, 

201, 202, 203 
Craig, Isaac, 18, 25, 26, 28, 29, 31, 

32, 33, 34 

Neville B., 31 

Cramp ton, Ozeas, 369 » 
Cramp, Charles, 241 
Crawford, David, 315 
James, 173, 325, 334 

John, 325 

Cree, J. Mc, 307 

Greig (Craig) T(homas), 72 
Grichbaum, Philip, 93, 94 
Christmas, John, 313, 315 
Crofton, Sir Philip, 175 
Crocker, William, 203 
Crooks, Eobert, 335 
Cromwell, Hammond John 121 
Cronin, Stephen, 38, 41 
Crosbey, Saml., 226, 228, 230 
Cross, Samuel, 121 
Crousel, Daniel, 300 
Crow, Benjamin, 203 

John, 113, 114 

Crozier, Eobert, 303 
Culley, Jonathan, 90 
Gumming, J(ohn) N(oble), 131 
Cummins, Daniel, 224, 225, 226, 

227, 228, 230 
Gummings, J. A. M., 352 
Cummins, Thomas, 295, 299 
Cunningham, H., 104, 107 

Henry, 170 

Lieut., 106 

■ W., 105, 198, 203 

Cunnisighan, John, 369 
Cuper, Simon, 282 
Curran, John D., 301 
Currie, Archibald, 93, 94 
Curtiss, Jotham D., 366, 369 
Cutbush, James, 237, 238 
Cuvillier, Peter Ambruse, 280, 281 

Da Costa, Abraham, 193, 209 
Dailey, William, 230 


3ntiix ot iRatmsf 

Dalrymple, Eobert, 173 
Darby, Henry, 112, 114 

James, 115 

Darlington, Isaac, 297, 298, 301 

William, 301 

Darragh, John, 114 
Daumas, Francois, 283 
Davis, 6 

Davis, 203 

John (Dr.), 295 

John, 295, 299 

J(ohn), 70 

' John Havard, 301 

Jno. M., 60 

Joseph, 6, 10, 13 

Samuel, 300 

"William, 300 

Davidson, General, 38 
Jediah, 114 

John, 53 

Day, Edward, 125, 126, 127 
Dayton, Elias, 18, 34 
Dean, Nathan, 370 

Wm., 289, 290 

De Cihateaubriant, 304, 305 
Delande, Jean, 282 
Delaney, Wm., 194, 195 
Delano, Boyer, 370 
Delyon, Abraham, 193 

Isaac, 193 

DeNoaiUes, 304 

De Pass, Ealf, 209 

Deriekson, James, 356 

Derreckson, Levin, 356 

Dick, EUsha CuUen, 154, 156, 157, 


John, 141 

Dickey, David, 301 
Diegel, Jacob, 41 
Diemer, James, 44, 46 
Dilworth, Charles, 296, 300 
Diskill, Jos., 225 
Dixon, Thomas, 230 

WUUam, 112, 114 

Done, Jonathan, 337 
Doane, Jno. C, 340 

27 401 

Doherty, Col., 30 
Dolen, Barney, 97 
Donagon, Neil, 97 
Donnman, Francis, 173 
Dorland, John, 325 
Dorsey, John Hammond, 121 
Dougherty, Bernard, 286, 287 

Edveard, 240 

Hugh, 313, 315 

Dow, Peter, 156 
DowUng, John, 301 
Downing, Samuel, 300 
Doyl, (Doyle) J(ohn), 71 
Doyle, John, 77 
Drayton, Wm., 152, 170, 174 
Drummond, Alexander, 324 
Dubarry, John, 258 
Duer, John, Junr., 301 
Dubocq, Quillaume, 282 
Duffie, P., 18 

Patrick, 34 

Duffield, Abraham, 93, 289, 290 
DufEy, Michael, 325 
Duke de Laincourt, 304 

of Norfolk, 98 

Duke of Orleans Louis, Philippe, 

Duncan, Alexr., 115 

Ensign, 349 

Joseph, 335 

William, 180 

Dunlap, John, 11 

Joseph, 316 

Duplessis Pierre Le Barbier, 22, 

92, 94, 242, 254, 256, 257, 258, 
259, 260, 261, 262, 263, 268, 269, 
271, 274, 279, 283, 303, 304, 305, 
307, 318, 321, 322, 337 

Dupont, Joseph, 282 

Dupostel, Mathieu, 276, 277 

Dupotel, Antoine Mathieu, 282 

Duris, Patrick, 334 

Dusilliet, Louis, 282 

Dutton, William, 173 

Duver, Jean, 282 

SDir> SS^a0onic JLo^st^ ot ^tnn&v^ttania 

Eastbourne, Benjn., 93 
Eastburn, 90 
Eaton, Joseph, 334 

Wm., 346, 348 

Ecroyd, Joseph, 121 
Eddy, Asa, 369 
Eaer, William G., 361 
Edwards, E(van), Major, 73 

John, 240 

Elder, William, 333 

William G., 360 

EUeott, John, 36 
EUiot, Grey, 205, 206 
Elliott, James, 318, 324, 352 
Ellis, Joseph, 99, 100, 101, 102, 

104, 107, 108 
Elfe, Thomas, 208, 220, 221, 222 
Else, Thomas, 211, 213 
Emaigre, B., 303 
Emitt, Alexander, 325 
Ernest, Anthony, 247 
Erwin, Joseph, 337 
Espie, Col., 30 
Espy, David, 286, 288 
Evans, Ellis, 325 

Ezekiel, 240 

James, 234, 240 

Thomas, 240 

Everett, H. L., 86 
Ewing, Wm., 341 

Fallon, Dr. James, 193 
Earahan, John, 307 
Farcher, John, 315 
Eajfeys, Moses, 49 
Farmer, Lewis, 210, 211 
Farrel, 210 

Faulk, Jean Baptiste, 282 
Faulkner, Wm., 340, 348 

William, 307 

Febure, Celestin le, 254, 255 

Fee, Robert, 307 

Fell, Edward, 121 

Ferdriel, Michael Alexander, 282 

Ferguson, Josias, 337, 338 

Fernan, J., 70 

Fernlear, W., 69 
FerraU, Patrick, 211 
Ferrice, William, 335 
Few, Joseph, 296 
Finegan, Patrick, 127 
Fisher, John, 352, 356 

Thomas, 352 

■ wm, Jr., 148 

Fitzgerald, Wm., 90, 93, 94 
FizeUier, Pierre Arnaud, 282 
Fletcher, Simon, 28 
Fleming, Henry, 301 

William, 334 

Fletcher, John, 288 
Foley, James, 325 
Forbes, EUjah, 370 

John, D.G.M., 177 

Ford, 106 

Forrest, 13 

Forrest, Alexander, 115 

Thomas, 34 

Fosse, La, 261, 262 

Foulke, Theophilus, 337, 340, 343 

Fourmer, Alexandre, 282 

Fourteau, Etienne, 283 

Fout, Mathew, 28 

Fox, Ed., 22 

FrankUn, 91-145 

Frannies, A. G., 305 

Eraser, Jr., Alex., 58, 59, 60 

Fratch, John, 360 

Frazer, John, 334 

Persifer, 295, 299 

Robert, 300 

Frazier, Alexander, 182 

Sir John, 331 

Freeman, Samuel, 224, 225, 226, 

227, 230 

T. B., 9 

French, 246, 248 
Frie, Sir John, 175 
Fulgiom, Joseph, 204 
Fuller, Thomas, 182 
Fury, Peter, 225 

Galbreath, Simon, 326 

3ntie£ o( M&tnt0 

Galbraith, John, 325 

Samuel, 126 

Ganther, Joseph, 195 
Gardiner, Charles, 117 
Gates, Horatio, 45, 71, 84 
Gautherd, 248 
Gautherot, John B., 249 
Gauthrow, John B., 246 
Getten, Btone, 282 

Ghiselin (Gisland), William, 90, 

Gibbs, Samuel, 341 
Gibson, John, 328, 329, 333 
Gilaspy, Francis, 329 

John, 328, 329, 333 

Gilbraith, Andrew, 97 
Giles, James, 127 

Lieut., 106 

Giradon, Alexander, 282 
Giramand, Jean Pierre Mozel 

Guiramand, Morel De, 276 
Gist, Mordecai, 53, 55, 56, 57, 

59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 152 
Glen Wm., Jr., 181 
Glendennan, Andrew, 334 

James, 334 

Gobincau, Baimond, 266 
Goddard, George, 291 
Godsgraee, William, 125, 126, 
Goffigan, Laban, 197, 201, 203 
GofSgon, Ealph, 203 
Goochild, Wilson, 203 

Good, James, 241 

• John, 232, 240 

Gordan, Tho., 151 
Gough, Harry, 128 

Thomas, 181 

Gouley, Jean, Baptiste, 283 
Gooer, Gettings, 128 
Graham, William, 58, 59 
Grange, Jean La, 283 
Grant, George, 10 

James, 170, 174 

Gray, Matthew, 325 
William, 69 

Green, Jesse, 353 

Greenfield, Eichard, 328, 329, 333 
Gregory, Asabel, 363, 364, 365, 
366, 369 

Elnathan, 366, 368, 370 

Gridley, Eichard, 382 
Grier, J(ames), 72 
Griffith, 332 

Cadwr., 332, 359, 369 

91, Thomas, 334 

Griffiths, W. Nelson, 368 
Griggs, Amos, 370 
Guernsey, Isaac, 370 

Peter, 370 

Guion, Capt., 106 
Guthre, William, 370 
Gwinn, John, 126 

Habersham, Joseph, 222 
de, Hacquet, Germain, 272, 282 

Hadcock, Wm., 246, 247 

Hains, Joshua, 203 
58, Hale, Chas. W., 326 

Oliver, 369 

Haley, John, 174, 177 

Hall, David, 352, 353, 354, 355, 356 

David, 83, 84, 85 

Haller, Frederick T., 335 
Halsey, Luther, 132 

127 Hambright, Henry, 234, 240 
Hamell, Louis, 252 
Hamilton, David, 147, 148 

Gavin, 194, 195, 196 

John, 53 

John, 181 

Samuel, 97 

Thomas, 334 

Hammond, Elisha, 364, 365, 369 
James, 198 

Nicholas, 82 

Hand, Edward, 16 

Hanna, James, 337, 338, 339, 340, 

341, 342 
Hannum, Washington, 300 
Hansford, Edward, 201 
Harding, George, 195 


SDlti Si$&0omt %oHe^ ot ptnitiaislbania 

Harmer, J(osiah), 71, 345 
Harper, George, 370 

James, 96, 202, 203 

Harris, George, 228, 230 

Jacob, 133 

John, 28 

Samuel, 241 

Hart, John, 237 
Harvey, Capt., 106 

Oscar Jewel, 6, 8 

Haseltine, James, 3 
Hasson, Patrick, 335 
Hatch, John, 358 

Sylvanius, 370 

Haughey, Francis, 115 

Haughton, Bichard, 335 

Hauley, Michael, 28 

Hay, John, 128 

Hayden, Sidney, 27 

Haywood, Marshall DeLancy, 39 

Haze, Samuel, 334 

Heart, Jonathan, 388 
HecMess, Anthony, 103 
Heckman, Nathaniel, 356 
Hemphill, Wills, 300 
Henderson, William, 70 
Hennessy, Thos., 279 
Henry, Francis, J., 138 

James, 230 

Herbert, Wm., 157 
Hern, Adam, 290 
Heseltine, James, 3 
Hetzel, John, 240 

Hewlings, Abr'm, 104, 105, 106, 107 
Hewlinge, J., 107 
Heydon, James, 288 
Hicky, Daniel, 173 
Hicks, Isaac, 342 

Js., 341 

Hiester, Daniel, 301 
Higgins, Charles, 97 
HUl, Thomas, 203 
Hiltshimer, Thomas, 364 
Hindman, Lieutenant, 54 
Hodgkinson, Bethanath, 99, 100, 

101, 102 ,104, 105, 106, 108 

Hoge, John, 308, 315 

Holdbridge, Dudley, 363, 364, 366, 

Holdridge, Nathaniel, 369 
Hollingshead, John, 18, 34 
Holmes, Jno. (John), 131 

Josh., 202 

Holston, Eobert, 356 
Hooper, Gen., 80, 130 

■ Eobert Littis, 364 

Hopkins, Commodore, 31 

David, 193 

David, 182 

Hoskins, Willm., 382 
Hotehkiss, Cyrus, 370 
Hough, Isaac, 290 

How, John, 102, 103, 105, 106, 107, 

Howard, 91 

Ephraim, 119, 120 

John, 41, 48 

John Eager, 55 

Eobert, 147 

Eev. Samuel, 121, 126 

Thos. Gassaway, 120 

Howel, Jacob Samuel, 46, 67, 75, 


Jacob, 208, 213, 219 

Howell, 213 

Ezekiel, 295, 299 

J., 210, 217 

Joseph, 135, 148, 185, 193, 

194, 195 

John, 211 

Joseph, Jr., 215, 216 

Huard, Jean, 281 
Hubble, Capt., 106 
Hubley, Jr., Adm., 6 
A(dam), 7, 71 

Colonel, 12 

Hudson, Daniel, 370 

George, 326 

Huffnagle, Michael, 30 
Hughes, Greenbury, 195 
Hughs, Greenbery, 193 
• (Hughes), J(ohn), 69 


Intttt ot M&rnt^ 

Humphreys, A., 196 
Humphrey, Jacob, 141, 300 
Hunt, Richard, 291 
Hunter, Andrew, 18, 34, 134, 130, 

James, 198, 202 

• John, 49 

Patrick, 337 

Robert, 326 

WilUam, 154, 166, 167 

Hussey, Robert, 206 
Huston, ■W(illiam), 71 
Hutchson, John, 28 
Hyde, Charles, 346, 348 
Hynes, Bryan, 107 

Irvine, Wm., 27, 28 

W. A., 27 

Irving, Wm., 339 
Irwin, Robt., 328, 333, 334, 358, 
360, 361 

William, 115 

Israel, Israel, 113, 269, 314, 332 

John, 316 

Joseph, 110, 112, 114 

Irvin, Sir Alexr;, 331 
Itter, Jean Joseph, 282 

Jack, John, 228, 230 
Jackson, George, 316 
Joseph, 301 

Samuel, 334 

Jameson, William, 79 
Janvier, John, 115 

Thomas, 115 

Jarrett, Abraham, 127 
Jean, Louise, 281 
Jefferies, Benjamin, 301 
Jenkins, Charles, 49 
Jennings, Michael, 148, 193, 194 
Jervey, Capt., Thomas, 181 
Johns, Kensey, 112 
Johnson, 92 

Alexr., 361 

A(ndrew), 69 

Barnet of Thomas, 127 

Johnson, Barnet of Barnet, 128 

' (Johnston) !P (rands). Col., 

Robert, S.W., 230 

Thomas G., 315 

WilUam, 225 

Johnston, Alex., 334 
Johnston, Jno., 321, 322, 335 

Matw., 220 

Thomas, 334, 335 

Jones, 6 

Abrm., 346, 348 

Blathwaite, 99, 100, 101 

David, 232 

Gibbs, 200 

GUbert, 127 

Israel, 93 

John, 233, 234, 240, 303, 307 

Jonathan, 240 

Noble, 205, 206 

Robert, 291 

■ Samuel, 240 

WilUam, 6, 10, 13 

Jordan, John, 240 

. WilUam, 225, 227, 230 

JulUen, Pierre Joseph, 251 

Kaffroth, Jacob, 24 
Kain, Henry, 203 
Kaler, M., 232, 233, 234 
Kaufrode, Jacob, 234, 236 
Kean, John, 17, 28, 34 

Perceval, 49 

Keane, Thorns., 113 
Kehler, Mathias, 240 
Kedie, James, 321, 324, 325 
Keeler, Eri, 370 
Kellog, Elephelat, 370 
Kein, J., 71 
Keller, Mathias, 233 
Kennan, John M., 324 

WilUam, 112 

Kenneburgh, Jno., 178 
Kennedy, Thomas, 234, 141 
Kensy, John, 114 
Kent, Jr., Abel, 370 


SDlb SS^&0onic fLoUst^ of ^mn&nViania 

Kernohan, Eobt., 228, 230 
Kerr, Wm., 127, 318, 324 
Kidd, Wm., 22 
Kilkead, Joseph, 110 
Kim, William, 203 
Kimble, Thomas, 104, 107 
Kimmel, Jacob, 234, 235 
King, Alexander, 326 

David, 356 

Michael, 115 

William, 203 

Kinsley, 94 
Kintzel, George, 237 
Kirkpatrick, James, 94 

William, 236 

Kirlin, Thomas, 234 
Kittera, Thomas, 237, 238 
Kline, George, 335 
Knox, John, 241 

Knox, Eobert, 149, 150 
Kop, Thomas, 341 

Lacy, Eoger, 205, 206 

Lafayette, Gilbert Motier Marquis 

de, 96, 160 
LafEerty, John, 335 
Lamb, Col., 42 
Lamberton, Christopher, 335 

James, 335 

James M., 153, 162 

John, 335 

Lance, Lambert, 181, 191 
Lane, Derrick, 18 

• Derrick, 34, 132 

Lattimore, Abraham, 316 
Law, Benjamin, 325 

Mark, 326 

Lawrance, Aaron S., 303, 305 
Lawrence, Eobert, 325 

Lay, Edward L., 356 
Lee, H., 28 

James, 128 

Lefebre, Celestin, 252 

Eobert Edward, 282 

Legriel, Jacquese, 281 
Lehoux, Joseph, 283 

Leod, Donald M., 44 
Le Maigre, Peter, 305 
Leonard, Jere, 364, 369 

Joseph, 371 

Lespiault, Pierre, 283 
Levering, Benjamin, 90, 93 

Joseph, 93 

Leufer, 248 
Lewis, Abner, 241 

H., 349 

Isaac, 234 

Eev. John, 193 

OUver, 209, 211, 213, 214 

Eobert, 279 

Samuel, 241 

William, 240 

Leyburn, Eobert, 328, 330, 331 

Sir Eobert, 331 

William, 328, 329, 333 

Lighthizer, Hartman, 241 
Lincoln, Gen., 58, 117, 182 
Lindsey, John, 297, 301 
■ Thomas, 300 

Lining, Thos., 193 

Lippincott, Samuel, 237, 238 

Lodge, B(enjamin), 72 

L. Orme, P. L. Ep. Bonamy Pde, 

Loyal Mohawks, 3 
Ludwick, John, 241 
Luke, Paul Dale, 202, 203 
Lukins, Chas., 49, 51 
Luther, John, 240 
Lyburn, John, 203 
Lynch, John, 53 
Lytle, A(ndrew), 73, 77 

Maekary (sic), 206, 207 
MacEea, W., 346, 349 
Mackey, Albert G., 61 
Macon, Chevalier, 254 
Madison, Dolly, 163 

President, 163 

Magny, Etienne, 283 

Maillet, Claude Louis Antoine, 282 
Maize, James, 325 


3lntie£ ot Bamt0 

Mann, 176 

Mantzies (Mentges), X'(rancis), 69 
Marialbert, John Ant.j 246 
Markley, Benjamin, 93 
Manville, Levy, 370 
Marno, James, 203 
Marqueron, Julede Marie, 282 
Marquille, Jean Baptiste, 282 
MarshaU, John, 318, 324 

Saml., 313, 315, 325 

Marthis, Abner, 369 
Martin, Absalom, 132 

Daniel, 341, 342 

James, 286, 287, 288 

Marty, Charles, 281 
Masey, Daniel, 300 
Mason, Ben, 260, 262, 347 

Eichard, 181 

Mathew, Jos. Baven, 193 

Richard, 361 

Maxwell, Anthony, 18, 34 

General, 14, 18 

Moses, 128 

William, 35 

Mazyck, Danl., 191 
Mcetkiske, William, 316 
Mead, G(iles), 131 
Meheny, John, 234 
Meigs, Eeturn J., 392 
Meinnerbeck, Wm., 240 
Melbank, J., 21 
Mellechops, James, 356 
Mentges, F., 69 
Mercer, Hugh, 115 

James, 165 

Meyer, 282 
Michel, James, 328 
Michot, Jacques, 271, 282 
Mifflin, Governor, 25 

Milagan (Milligan), J(ames), 69 
Miller, Abner, 301 
Abraham, 333 

Sir Daniel, 175 

James, 193 

John, 90, 93, 181, 325 

Eichard, 222 

Miller, Peter, 173 

Eichard, 230 

Milligan, James, 193 

Mills, John, 361 

MUnor, James, 95, 263, 269, 275, 

Mitchell, Ephraim, 57, 58, 59, 60 

James, 57, 60, 173 

Mole, Etienne Laurent, 282 
Molineaux, Ered B., 291 
Monro, George, 112, 114 

James, 112, 114 

Montpensier, 304 
Monteeth, James, 361 
Moody, David, 301 

Isaiah, 204 

Morcau, L., 281 

Moreau, Eev. Chas. Ered., 193 
Moore, Alexander, 93, 96, 97 

E., 70, 74 

James, 67, 68, 335 

John, 90, 124, 290, 370 

Eees, 232, 241 

Eobert, 124, 125, 126, 127» 


T., 75, 76, 115 

T(homas Lloyd), 72 

• Wm. (Bane Foile), 325 

Morgan, A. H., 16 

Daniel, 240 

David, 232, 234 

Erancis, 241 

Patrick, 173 

Morice, Jean Baptiste, 282 
Morin, Amant, 281 
Morris, Davis, 316 
— — James, 87 
John, 87 

Jona., 309, 313, 315 

Morrison, (Samuel), 70 
Morton, 92, 321 
Morton, John S., 295 
Moses, Myer, 147 
Motte, John, 42 

Motty, Daniel, 308, 313, 315 
Mounier, 283 

SDltt 9$a0onic 3Lohse& ot ^enn&nVaania 

Moyers, John, 240 

Mulcaster, Frederick George, 170, 

Mullen, John, 316 
Mulhollen, Boger, 33^ 
Murphy, John, 97 
Murray, Francis, 341, 342 

Jno. D., 338, 339, 340, 342 

Mushrow, John, 203 
Mylinger, Lewis, 325 

McAfee, Mathew, 28 
McCall, Mark, 225, 227 
McCalmont, James, 112, 114 
McCandliss, Joseph, 335 
McCaraher, 234 
McCartney, John, 288 
McCay, Thomas, 325 
McClay, "William, 112, 114 
McCaery, William, 30, 31, 32 
McClelland, John, 347 
McClellan, Joseph, 295, 300 

(Joseph), 70 

McCloskey, Moses, 301 
McClure, James, 35 

Charles, 334 

— — Denny, 358, 360 

Tobias, 328, 329, 333 

McCollom, John, 241 
McComas, Edward Day, 127 

Wm., 128 

MeConneU, WilUam, 325 
McCoy, Samuel, 334 
McCrady, Edward, 57, 58, 60 
McCrea, Robert, 154, 166 
MeCree, J., 259, 260, 262, 291, 303, 

McCuUoch, Hugh, 328, 329, 333 

Jas., 81, 82, 112, 114 

McCurdy, W(illiam), 69 
McDermott, William, 288 
McDonald, James, 97, 329, 331 
McDowl (McDowell), 71 
McElwee, John, 222 

John, 359 

McFaden, William, 325 

McGaw, Dr., 135 
McGill, John, 316 
McGinnis, Patrick, 333 
McGowan, David, 93 

J(ohn), 70 

McGranaghan, Wm., 361 
McGurk, Edward, 97 
McHvaine, William, 134 
McKasaker, 321 
McKaraher, Daniel, 92, 322 
McKemwon, George, 334 
McKaskey, James, 361 
McKeney (McKinney), J(ohn), 69 
McKennan, John, 325 
McKenney, Dt., 349 
McLain, Lazarus Brown, 325 
McKenzie, Alexander, 170, 174 
McKerdy, Capt., 219 
McKinnan, William, 114 
McEanstrey, John, 3 
McKnight, IVIatthew, 97 
McLane, Robert, 334 
McLaughlin, James, 326, 335 
McLeod, Donald, 45 
McMahon, James, 361 
McManis, Charles, 334 
McMinn, Andrew, 337, 338 
McMullin, David, 334 
McMun, John, 316 
McMurtrie, Jas., 325 
McNaughton, John, 334 
McVeagh, Major, 301 
McVeaugh, Nathan, 93, 94 
McWiUiam, John, 361 

Wm., 300 

Nagel, Geo., 44, 45, 46 
Nathan, Donato, 266 
Neiler, Jacob, 300 
Nelson, Samuel, 361 

William, 92, 93, 96, 97 

Nesbett, Dr. James, 324 
Newingham, David, 327 
Newman, Jonathan, 369 
Newton, Abraham, 182 
Nichols, William, 303, 305 


Mtttt ot Mutmd 

Nilson, Andrew, 330 
Nisbett, Wm., 181, 195 
Noarth, George, 49, 50, 51, 52 
Nones, Benjamin, 188 
Norman, George, 301 
Norris, John, Jr., 121 
North (Caleb), 70 
Nouel, Francois, 283 
Nye, Ichabod, 392, 394 

O'Breen, Edward, 325 

Ogden, Aaron, 18, 35, 130, 134 

Matt (Mas), 130 

Oglethorp, Colony, 207 
Old David, 240 
Oldham, James, 335 
Olds, Davies, 232 
Oliver, Guisseppe, 251 
Robert, 388, 389 

WilUam, 329, 333 

Onion, Stephen, 127 
Ord, George, 195 
Osborn, Abel, 370 
Osborne, Joseph, 301 

Samuel, 298, 301 

Ozier, Lewis, 193 

Paeaud, M., 281 
Pailliez, Ant., 246 

Antolne, 249 

Palmer, John, 334 
Pancock, John, 218 
Parke, Thomas, 300 
Parker, Josiah, 204 

Jotham, 364, 369 

Parks, John, 209 
Parr, J(ames), 72 
Parrott, Silas, 132 
Parsons, Samuel, 120 

WilUam, 182, 193 

Pascal, Bidderson, 281 

Pashley, Thomas, 176, 180, 181, 

191, 193, 195 
Pason, T., 69 
Pattens, Capt., 85 
Patterson, Alexander, 141 

Patterson, Ezra, 35 
Patton, Benjamin, 325 

Chas., 359 

James M., 319 

John, 324 

Jos., 321, 325 

Pearce, Cromwell, 297 

Edward, 300 

Joseph, 297, 300 

Marmaduke, 297, 300 

Peck, John, 35 

• John, 18, 133 

Peddon, John, 49 
Pedick, Jonathan, 316 
Peoples, Capt., 212 
Pelissier, Pierre, 282 
Pendleton, James, 35 

Jas., 18 

Penn, Bichard, 43 

Thomas, 43 

Wm., 290 

Pennington, Jacob, 230 
Perdriel, Frederic, 282 
Pentecost, Joseph, 315 
Pernot, Francis, 281 
Peterman, James, 94 
Joseph, 93 

Petrie, Alexander, 191-194 

Alexander, 181 

Phelps, Mrs. Martha Bennett, 12 

PhiUps, Mr., 125 

Phillips, Alexander, 198, 202, 208 

James, 127 

Evan, 300 

John, 99, 104, 105, 107, 108 

Piatt, Will'm, 18, 35, 131 
Pickens, General, 38 

Pierce, Cromwell, 295, 299 

Matthew, 112, 114 

Pigeon, Louis, Silvain, 266 
Pinckney, Col., 181 
Pitot, Js., 281 

Place, Laurent De la, 251-261 
Polk, Bishop Leonidas, 38 

WilUam, 38, 356 

Pope, Chas., 225, 227, 228, 229, 230 


iSDIb S^a&onit %ot)St& of ^enndiglbania 

Pope, William, 225 
Porter, Andw., 35 

John, 316 

Eobert, 334 

John Ewing, 297, 298, 301 

Porterfield, Colonel, 54 
Poxtier, Jean Baptiste, 283 
Potter, Joseph, 369 
Potts, John, 333 

Jouathn., 44, 45, 46, 47 

Poullault, Francois, 283 
Powell, James, 313, 315 
Pratt, John, 68, 73 

Presbniy, Geo. Gouldsmith, 126, 

Preston, Benj., 128 
Price, 106 

Benjamin, 346, 348, 349 

Prichard, Paul, 147 
Probest, John, 361 
Procter, Francis, 18, 35 

Thomas, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 13, 

14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 
23, 24, 25, 30, 31, 68, 73, 135, 
148, 151, 156, 164, 195, 196, 198, 
201, 221, 284, 347 

Provines, Thomas, 326 
ProweU, Major, 4 
Prudor, Louise, 282 
Pry, T(homas), 72 
Pugh, Evan, 300 

Jno., 90, 93 

Puglier, Jacques Philippe, 282 
Purvis, Geo., 84, 85 
Pusey, Sea, 301 

William, 115 

Putnam, Benjamin, 198 
Pyle, Liba, 301 
Putnam, David, 392-393 

Eufus, 381, 388, 394 

Quinn, John, 300 

Eae, Wm., 127 
Rafrots, Jacob, 236 
Eagnos, Louis, 282 

Eamsay, Dennis, 165 

Wm., 157, 159, 161 

Eamsey, Alexander, 90, 93 

Joseph, 93 

Eandolph, Edmund, 167 

Eaquet, James, 338, 339, 340, 342 

Eawlins, Capt., 349 

Eayen, William, 358, 361 
Bead, Greorge, 114 
Eeam, Henry, 234, 240, 241 
Eeddick, David, 307 
Bedman, John, 305 
Eeed, Alexander, 315 

George, 112 

President, 15, 19 

Eees, Thomas, 88 

Wm., 228, 230 

Eeid, Geo., 210, 211, 214 
Beeves, Enos, 60, 77 
Eeyley, Patrick, 335 
Eeiva, Aaron, 364 
Eexford, Samuel, 366, 369 
Ehea, D., 105 

' J(onathan), 133 

Bice, 90 

Arthur, 295, 300 

Eichard, General, 38 
Eiehards, H. M. M., 14 
Biddle, James, 112, 114 

Eobert, 325 

Eighter, Jacob, 301 

Eiquet, Pierre Augustine, 254 

Eoath, Levy, 369 

Eoberts, Jesse, 300 

Eichard Brooke, 57, 60, 182, 


Eobeson, George, 335 
Eobiuson, Archibald, 128 

John, 240, 300 

Eichard, 300 

Eoehe, Edward, 112, 114 
Eogers, J., 72 

John (John E. B. Eodgers), 


Jno., 68 


3nti(£ of M&mtfi 

Eogers, Eev. WiUiam, 6, 8, 9, 10, 

12, 13 
Eoland, John, 300 
Eommel, F. C, 26, 30 
EosB, James, 307 

Thomas, 295, 299 

Eosselin, Joseph, 282 

Eoux, Albert, 182 

Eowe, John, 381 

Eowland, John, 297 

Euecastle (Eencastle), John, 133 

Eussell, William, 356 

Euth, William, 115 

Eutherford, Alexander, 46, 51, 67, 
74, 85, 101, 110, 111, 124, 125, 
126, 128, 134, 148, 156, 195, 197, 

Eyan, Michael, 154, 165 

Sachse, Julius F., 16 

St. Clair, Genl. Arthur, 15, 357 

St. John, Adeon, 182, 193 

Salmon, Ignace, 271 

Sample, Eobert, 341 

Sargeoir, Isaac, 281 

Saxton, George, 225 

Schaffer, Belthaser, 213 

Scheuber, Justus Herman, 207, 208, 

209, 210, 212, 214, 215, 216 
Schnell, Leonard, 206, 207 
Schultz, 55, 80, 120, 121 
Scoals, James, 325, 333 
Scobey, James, 335 
Scott, Eeuben, 335 

Sir Walter, 8 

Seaton, Eobert, 334 
See, Thomas, 361 
Seely, Samuel, 132 
Semple, William, 28 
Senseman, Jacob, 235 

John, 234, 241 

Shaddock, Capt., 104, 105, 107 
Shaffer, Balthaser, 209 

Jacob, 315 

Shallcross, Thomas, 114 
Shaltz, George, 326 

Shankland, WiUiam, 356 
Shannon, Theop, 141 
Shaw, Archall, 362 

William, 370 

Sheppard, Saml., 191-193 
Sheppley, iPrederiek, 335 
Sherard, Willm., 313 
Sheridon, Martin, 28 
Shippen, John, 300 
Shoemaker, Sam. D., 94 
Shrawder, Phil, 141 
Shrine, William, 181 
Shryock, Thomas J., 119 
Shultz, Daniel, 240 
Shute, William, 41 
Simmons, Jeremiah, 35 
Simonson, John, 315 
Simpson, John, 176, 180 

Michael, 93 

Jr., Eobeit, 325 

Thomas, 203 

Skerritt, Clement, 128 
Skinner, WUliam, 392, 394 
Slaughter, Augs., 198 
Small, Wm., 288 

Slough, Jacob, 346, 348, 349 
Smallwood, Wm., 54, 55 
Smith, 90, 107 
Alexander, 178 

George, 90, 93 

John, 104, 106, 115, 127, 198, 

294, 295, 299, 300, 361 
Jonathan Bayard, 194, 196, 

221, 229, 268, 287, 294, 336, 

Lt., 349 

Joseph, 121 

O'Brien, 193 

Ptr., 60 

Eev. Dr., 10, 17, 18, 51 

Eobert, 230, 323 

S(amuel), 70, 127 

Thomas, 93 

William, 9, 11, 39, 41, 47, 80, 

102, 118, 128, 136, 138, 141, 195, 
287, 317 


€>lti SS^a&onic %oriSt& ot ^mn&nlMnia 

Smith, WiUiam Moore, 89, 95, 137 

141, 303, 305, 318 
SneU, Bruder, 207 
Snider, Paul, 209 
Snowdy, Mathew, 128 
Snyder, Paul, 209, 211, 214, 216 
Sobbe, Ch., 44 
Sowers, Michael, 313 
Sparks, Richard, 346, 349 
Spear, E(dward), 69 
Speck, Frederick, 335 
Spyker, Benjamin, 240 
Stafford, James, 335 
Stagg, John, 346, 349 

Jno., 347 

Stantford, John, 18, 36 
Starling, John, 230 
Steel, James, 228, 230 

Wm., 334 

SterUn, John, 228 

Steven, Jervis Henry, 181, 191, 193 
Stevens, 116, 117 

Clement Crook Blake, 191, 

193, 196 

Jervis Henry, 60, 193, 196 

John, 79, 80, 82 

Eobertson, 79, 80 

Stevenson, John, 127 
Stewart, Andrew, 147 

Dr. James, 182 

John, 53 

Wm., 313, 315, 318 

Stockton, John, 111, 112, 114 
Stokes, Robert Young, 127 

William, 203 

Stone, Daniel, 370 
Story, Samuel, 13, 36 
Stout, Jacob, 230 
Stow, Josiah, 364, 369 
Strother, Alexander, 173 
Stuart, David, 154 
' George, 97 

John, 361 

Nathaniel, 361 

(Stewart), Walter, 71 

(Stewart), A(lexander), 72 

Stull, Amos, 93 
Sturges, Amos, 90, 93 
Stuyter, Isaac^ 370 
Suche, Michael, 282 
Sulivane, Daniel, 82 
Sullivan, 14 

Genl. John, 4, 6, 12, 13, 15 

Summters, Daniel, 370 
Sumpter, General, 38 

Susson, Louis John, 280, 281 
Swarbridge, William, 335 
Swearingen, Joseph, 316 
Swift, John White, 338 

Talleyrand, 304 
Tallman, Peter, 18, 36 
Talon, 304 
Tarlton, Col., 85 
Tate, Francis, 182 

James, 335, 338, 339, 341 

Taubman, Capt., 105 
Taylor, David, 370 
James, 128 

John, 300, 328, 333 

John Cannon, 361 

J. R., 368 

Robert, 329, 333, 335 

Thomas, 300 

Tepton, Thomas, 325 
Thebaud, Francois, 282 
Thomas, Abel, 300 

Evan, 115 

William, 301 

Thompson, John, 96, 97 
Thomson, Thos. McKean, 114 
Thorn, Joseph, 331, 334 

WiLiam, 329, 331, 332, 334 

Thouron, Blaise Julien, 282 
Tilton, James, 225 

William, 30, 31, 32 

Tolley, Edward Carvil, 127 
Torbert, Jno., 337, 338, 339, 340, 
341, 342 

Samuel, 341 

Towles, Henry B., 346, 348 
Town, Thomas, 365, 366 


Intttt ot ilJanwiBi 

Trier, Leonard, 307 
Trimble, John, 301 
Troup, John, 150, 182, 189 
Trowbridge, Oliver, 366, 370 
Tunison, Lieut., 106 
Turner, James, 335 
Tupper, Anslem, 382, 388, 389 

Benj., 381, 388, 389, 391 

Tussey, Isaac, 301 

Tybout, 256 

Underwood, Sir John, 331 

John, 333 

Jno., 328 

Thomas, 176 

Valentz, 91 
Valentine, William, 58 
Valney, 304 
Valton, Peter, 181 
Van Anglon, John, 17, 34 
Vancleve, Jno. W., 269 
Van Horn, 343 
Vanhorn, Gabriel, 127 

Isaac, 341 

Van Eenselaer, Capt., 349 
Venn, John, 225 
Vernon, Joseph, 301 
Verrieres, Osson de, 254 
Villain, Baron, 244 

P., 246 

Vining, John, 352 

Wadman, P., 22, 196 
"WagstafEe, Richard, 120, 121 
Walker, James, 358, 360, 361 
Walsh, Edward, 209 
Wall, George, 337 
Wallace, Hugh, 335 

■ • John, 334 

Wallis, Jonathan, 334 
Ward, Thomas, 121 

William, 288 

Warley, George, 191 
Wartenby, William, 230 
Warrington, John, 356 


Washington, 3, 10, 15, 16, 19, 24, 
25, 96, 117, 153, 157, 159, 163, 
166, 167, 246 

Watson, Jno., 138, 332 

Matth., 332 

Watt, John, 313, 315 
Way, Joel, 301 

Wayne, Genl. Anthony, 345, 349 

Wayman, 132 

Weaker, Christopher, 115 

Weaver, Emmor T., 301 

Webb, Jacob, 114 

Webster, John, 21, 288 

John B., 36 

Welder, Jacob, 325 
Weeks, James, 27 
WeUs, Eiehard, 121 

Samuel, 181 

Welsh, James, 230 

Wm., 128 

Wentz, John, 86, 87, 88, 89 
Wentzel, Michael, 104, 105, 106, 

Wertz, 341 

Westcoat, Samuel, 204 
Weston, John, 125, 126, 127 
Wethuall, James, 121 
Weyman, Edward, 183, 184, 185, 

188, 189, 190, 284 

Abel, 131 

Edward, 60, 145, 146, 147, 

148, 150, 151, 183, 184, 185, 188, 

189, 190 

Edward, 153 

Weymouth, Lord, 205 
Whalebone, John, 240 
Wheelen, Dennis, 300 
Wheeler, Joseph, 128 

Levi, 325 

Whipple, Levi, 392 
White, Benjamin, 313, 315 

E(rancis), 69 

Thos., 44-45 

Whitfield, 205 

Whitehead, Matthew^ 41, 101 

Whiteman, John, 93 i 


SDlb St^a^onic Eotiscet ot ^mn&^Vaania 

"Wliitemarsh, Thomas, 144 
"Whiteside, James, 307 
■Whitfield, 205, 206 
Whitlock, E(phraim L.), 133 
"WMtney, Joshua, 370 

"William, 370 

Whittaker, Thos., 321, 325 
"Wiley, James, 352, 356 
"Wilkins, James, 325 
"WiUet, Aug., 337, 338, 341 
"Willey, Jeann, 352 
"Williams, George, 147 

Otho H., 53, 54 

Robert, 361 

E. M., Ill 

"Wm., 22 

J., 28 

"William, 324 

"Willing, Charles, 300 
Willis, Jonathan, 335 

Seth, 352 

"Wilson, Ben, 209 

George, 326 

John, 202, 314, 315, 341 

Simon, "W., 226 

Theodore, 352 

Thomas, 335 

"William, 326 

"Willis, 198, 199, 203 

J(ames), 72 

"Winder, Lev., 138 

"Wise, Henry, 361 

Wistar, Richard, 147, 151, 154, 155 

Witman, "William, 240 

"Wolfe, Benjamin, 356 

Wood, Thos., 3, 28, 48 

Woodward, 106 

Woodcock, Samuel, 370 

Woodney, James, 335 

Wool, Isaih, 41, 42 

Workman, Hugh, 316 

Worknot, Alexdr., 225, 228, 229, 

Worsley, George Hughes, 123 
Worthington, John, 300 

ToUey, 128 

Wm., 300 

Wray, John, 335 

Robert, 326 

Wright, John, 241 

Jno., 234 

Jeremiah, 178 

< Nathan, 82 

Wylie, J., 249 

Thomas, 32 

Wynkoop, Nicholas, 337, 338, 339, 
340, 341, 342 

Tates, David, 170, 174 
Tearsbey, David, 301 
Teates, David, 177 
Toung, Ciharles, 21, 22, 23, 151, 
156, 164, 195, 213 

Henry, 177 

John, 361 

Robert, 334 

Zamico, Jean, 282 
Zanico, John, 280, 281 



Alexandria Lodge^ No. 21, 154 

• WasMngton Lodge, No. 22, 

159, 161, 168 
American Grand Lodge, 169 

Union Lodge, Morristown, N. 

J., Mentioned, 163 

"Ancient" Freemasonry in Geor- 
gia, First record of, 207 
Ancient Mason, Criticism of, 217 
Anti-Masonic Storm, 239, 298 
Anti Masonry, Storm of, 298 
Application for Charter, 166 

for a New Warrant by Lodge 

No. 39, 167 

Apron— Sash, 160, 161 

Arms of the Carpenter's Company, 

Athol Grand Lodge of England, 

Ark, degree, 333 
Autographs, 84 

Battle of Brandywine, 31, 38 

of Camden, 39 

of Germantown, 31, 38 

of Trenton, 31 

British 17th Eegt. of Foot, War- 
rant granted by Provincial 
Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, 
1777-1778, 2 

By Laws, Montgomery Lodge, No. 
19, 19 

of Lodge No. 64, 65, 359, 366, 

368, 369 

Cambridge Lodge, No. 29, 80, 81 

Carpenter's Company Arms, 24 

Certificate of Lodge No. 41, 201 

Charity of the Society Solicited, 

Charter granted by the Grand 
Lodge of Scotland in 1768, for 
a Lodge in East Florida, 169 

Members of Orange Lodge, 

now Lafayette Lodge, 71 

Churchtown, 231 

Circular Letter from Grand Lodge 
announcing establishment of In- 
dependent Grand Lodge, 1787, 

Columbia Lodge, No. 91, 258; Du- 
plessis, Admitted a Member, 
June 7, 1806, and continued 
until his death, November 8, 1815 

Communications of Grand Lodge, 

Communication to Grand Master, 
Officers and Members of Grand 
Lodge F. A. M. Masons of Penn- 
sylvania, petition for Warrant 
for Lodge No. 41 to be held in 
the Town of Portsmouth, Va., 

Complaints, Perseverance No. 98 
and of Lodge No. 88, be re- 
ferred to Provincial Grand Mas- 
ter and Grand Lodge of St. 
Domingo, 279 


(Bmnal 3HHi« 

Constitution De La Lodge, No. 89, 

Convention of Deputies Called, 82 

held for the purpose of Elect- 
ing Grand OfScers, illegal, 194 

Conway's Brigade, 349 

County Seat of Chester County, 
Eemoval of, 297 

Defeat of Indians and British, 349 
Dedication of Lodge No. 42, 216 

Masonic Hall, Chestnut St., 9 

Delaware Coat of Arms, 82, 83, 


• Eegimental Lodge, No. 30, 83 

DiflEerences between Lodges No. 

190, No. 40 and No. 38, happily 

accommodated, 191 
Dispensation to Install Officers of 

Lodge No. 42, 215 
Distress of Widow and Orphan of 

Bro. Bittin (Bitting), 73, 74 
Division of Lodge No. 46, 233 
Dues from Lodge No. 46, 235, 237 

Early Lodges of the "Moderns" 
in Georgia, 207 

Members of Lodge No. 15, 


Eleventh Pennsylvania Eegiment, 

England, Grand Lodge, Eecord of, 
205, 207 

Encampment of Wyoming, Sketch 
of, 7 

Extracts from the Minutes of 
Lodge No. 40, Charleston, S. C, 
192; Maryland, Grand Lodge, 
Attempt to form, 80; Formed, 
April 17, 1787, 81-82; Proceed- 
ings, 120; Massachusetts, Grand 
Lodge Moderns, 2; New Jersey, 
Grand Lodge Formed, 1786, 108 ; 
North Carolina, Grand Lodge, 
Proceedings, 38 ; Pennsylvania, 
Grand Lodge, Grand Lodge of 

Emergency, 16 ; Travelling War- 
rant Called in, 77, 79; Inde- 
pendent from England, 82, 164, 
165; Early History and Consti- 
tution, 83; Grand Lodge North 
America, 179, 180; Letters and 
Communications, 196; Place of 
Meeting, 1793, 305; Scotland, 
Grand Lodge, Petition for Lodge 
East Florida, 170; Warrant St. 
Andrews Lodge, No. 1, Late of 
West Florida, now of Charles- 
ton, S. C, 180; South Carolina, 
Grand Lodge, Formation of, in 
1787, 61, 62, 63, 152, 196; Ad- 
dress to President Washington, 
63; Virginia, Grand Lodge, For- 
mation of, 153, 165, 166, 167 

Facsimile of Mem. sent to Grand 
Lodge of Pennsylvania by Hiram 
Lodge of Delaware, 84 

Fees, Dues, 104, 105, 108, 112 

Festival of St. John the Baptist 
with Lodge No. 39, Alexandria, 
Va., June 24, 1784, 163 

the Evangelist, Decem- 
ber 27, 1779, with American 
Union Lodge at Morris Hotel, 
Morristown, N. J., 163 

December 27, 1782, 

with King Solomon's Lodge at 
Poughkeepsie, N. T., 163 

Fifth Pennsylvania, 81 

First Grand Master of New Hamp- 
shire, 13 

Masonic regimental Warrant 

Granted in Pennsylvania, 1 

Eecord of Ancient Free- 
masonry Appears in Letter in 
1784, 207 

Flowers, Artillery Eegiment, 49 
Form of Procession fixed on by 
Lodge No. 19, 12; Sermon 
preached by Eev. Wm. Eogers, 
Dee. 28, 1778 

iSDlti SS^si&onit Eotise0 ot ^enn^TgVaania 

Fort George Lodge, No. 100, insti- 
tuted in 1760, under Grand 
Lodge of Scotland, 171 

Fort Pitt, 26 

Fort Washington, Capture of, 54 

Fourth Maryland Battalion, 79 

Franklin and Washington Asso- 
ciate, 96 

Freemasonry in Maryland, History 
of, 55, 123 

in Pennsylvania, 1727-1907, 


French Lodge of St. Louis, No. 53, 
Warranted June 24, 1792, — 

Funeral of Thomas Procter, Brig. 
Genl., 25 

Gist, M., Portrait of, 55 

Grand Lodge Delaware, Seal, 109 

of Pennsylvania, Seal, 

43, 56, 97, 140, 143 

at St. Augustine, 149, 

171, 173, 174 

of Scotland, 170 ; Seal 

of, 169; Warrant, St. Andrew's 
Lodge, No. 1, Late of West 
Florida, now of Charlestown, S. 
C, 180 

of the Southern Dis- 
trict of North America, Expul- 
sion of. From St. Augustine, 
Fla., 183 

Orient of Pennsylvania, 255 

Grant's East Florida Lodge, No. 

143, 170 
"Great" Orient of France, 202 

Harmony Lodge, No. 52, 257 
Hindman's Independent Maryland 

Company, 54 
Hiram 's Delaware Eegimental 

Lodge, 85 

Lodge, No. 2, under Grand 

Lodge Georgia, formerly No. 42, 
under Grand Lodge Pennsyl- 
vania, 222 

Hiram Lodge, No. 81, 9 
Historic Landmark, 29 
History of Freemasonry in Mary- 
land, 80 
of Wilkee-Barre, 6 

Inn, Sign of the Bear, 360 
Installation of Officers of Lodge, 
No. 44, 227 

Joppa Lodge, No. 35, Seal of, 119 

Knights Templar, 333 
of Malta, 333 

of the Mediterranean, 333 

of the Bed Cross, 333 

King Solomon's Lodge, Pough- 

keepsie, N. T., 163 

Laying Corner Stone of the Capi- 
tol at Federal City (Washing- 
ton, D. C), 163 

Life and Services of Major Isaac 
Craig, 31 

"Link" Masonry, 333 

Lodge Alley, 151 

No. 45, Seal of, 33 

No. 46, Seal of, 241 

Letter to B. W. Master, Wardens 

and Members of Grand Lodge of 
Southern District of North 
America, 177 

Last Lodge Warranted in Mary- 
land by the Grand Lodge of 
Pennsylvania, 139 

Lodge No. 1, American Union, 
Held at Marietta, North- West 
Territory, Ohio, Copy Original 
Warrant, 378; Letter to Grand 
Lodge Pennsylvania, 379, 388, 
389, 394; By Laws, 383; Officers 
of, 388-392; Serious Calamity, 
391; Letter to Grand Secretary, 
393; in the Continental Line, 
Warranted, February 15, 1776, 
by the Grand Lodge of Massa- 
chusetts (Moderns), 2 

(Stnn&i 'Sntitt 

Lodge of St. John d Ecosse, East 
of Cap Francois, 244 

of St. John of Jerusalem, 

■with the distinctive title, The 
Eeunion of Eranco-American 
Hearts, 252 

Under Military Warrant, 59 

No. 47, Eeunion des Coeurs 

Eranco-Americains at Port Ee- 
public. Mentioned, 264, 281; 
Surrendered old Warrant, 196 

of St. John of Scotland held 

at Cape Eraucois on the Island 
of St. Domingo, Mentioned, 183 

' St. John of Scotland and 

tTnion of Harts, 248 

St. John's Eegimental, in the 

United States Battalion, July 
24, 1775, Warranted by the Old 
Provincial Grand Lodge of New 
York (Moderns), 2 

■ St. Andrew's, No. 1, Pensa- 

cola, Fla., Warrant bearing No. 
40, Charleston, S. C, Petition 
for Warrant, 172; Warrant 
Granted, 172; Minutes, 173; 
Eoster, 181; Warrant Surren- 
dered, 196 

No. 11, Portsmouth, V., Men- 
tioned, 202 

No. 1, "Moderns," held at 

Joppa, Md., Warrant dated No- 
vember 21, 1765, 121 

No. 2, held at Joppa, Har- 
ford Co., Md., Warrant bears 
date of Grand Lodge of Mary- 
land, August 8, 1765, 119 

No. 2, Mentioned, 2, 14, 19, 

30, 44, 91, 155; Eree Masonry 
in Pennsylvania, 1727-1907, 16; 
Masonry Certificate, 22 

■ ■ No. 3, Mentioned, 30, 45, 95, 

122, 294 

No. 4, Mentioned, 41; Meet- 
ing in Philadelphia toward the 

end of the Eevolutionary War, 
Lodge No. 5, Cambridge, this 
Lodge was old No. 29 held at 
Cambridge, under Grand Lodge 
of Pennsylvania, after surrender 
of Warrant became No. 5 under 
Grand Lodge of Maryland, 82; 
Mentioned, 109-125 

No. 5, Duck Cross Eoads, 

Del., Mentioned, 225 

No. 5, held at Cantwell's 

Bridge, Del. (Old No. 29), Men- 
tioned, 109, 225 

No. 6, Georgetown, Del., 

Mentioned, 225 

■ No. 6, Maryland, History, 

warranted April 17, 1787, Ceased 
about 1794; this Lodge grew out 
of Lodge No. 34, 118 

No. 6, of South Carolina, 

Mentioned, 285 

• No. 8, held in upper Merion 

Township, Pa., Mentioned, 71, 
88, 90, 91, 293, 295; Petition 
for new Warrant, 293; Eoster, 

No. 10, St. Andrew's, Orig- 
inally No. 40, Dropped from the 
roU, 196 

No. 11, held at Newtown, 

Bucks Co., Pa., Eirst Lodge at 
this place, 336 

No. 14, warning letter from 

Gr. Secy., 113 

No. 15, FeU's Point and 

Federal HiU, Mentioned, 123, 

No. 16, held in Baltimore, 

Mentioned, 125 

No. 17, Mentioned, 117 

No. 18, St. John's Eegimen- 
tal, Camp near Morristown, Pa., 
Mentioned, 85 

No. 18, Dover, Del., Eecom- 

mendation for Warrant for New 


iDltt Si^afionic %ortst^ ot ^mn^tlbania 

Lodge, No. 44, to be held at 
Duck Creek, 224 

Lodge No. 19, Pennsylvania Begi- 
mental Warrant, 1; Mentioned, 
14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 25, 29, 42, 
73, 257; Form of Procession, 12; 
Pirst Official Notice, 16 ; Serious 
differences, 22, 42 

No. 20, Ancients, in North 

Carolina Line, Warranted by 
Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, 
1779; Ancients Warranted, 2; 
Warrant and paraphernalia fell 
into the hands of the Enemy, 39 

No. 21, Lower Paxton, Lan- 
caster Co., Pa., now Persever- 
ance Lodge, at Harrisburg, 37; 
Mentioned, 328 

■ No. 22, Virginia, Pirst Meet- 
ing, Warrant issued April 28, 
1788, 167 

No. 22, held at Sunbury, 37; 

First meeting, 167 

No. 23, held at Middletown, 

N. J., 39; Warranted Dec. 29, 

1779, 40; No returns, 42 

No. 24, held in Town of 

Beading, Warranted, 43; Offi- 
cers, 45, 47 

No. 25, held at Bristol, Men- 
tioned, 99 

No. 26, held at Carlisle, Pa., 

48; Petition for Warrant, 49; 
Granted, 49; Forfeited, 52; 
Warrant issued March 9, 1780, 
— ; Warrant forfeited, 52 

No. 27, Ancients, 53; Mary- 
land Line, Warranted April 4, 

1780, by the Grand Lodge of 
Pennsylvania, "Ancients," War- 
ranted, 2; Petition for Warrant 
for new Lodge, 53; Mentioned, 
73; Warrant captured by the 
British at Battle of Camden, 
Aug. 16, 1780, 55 

Lodge No. 27, held at Charleston, 
S. C.J 56; Warrant recovered, 
56; No report, 61 

No. 28, Pennsylvania Line, 

Warranted, 2; 1780, "Ancient," 
Nothing known of Eegimental 
Warrant, 64; Vacated — no re- 
turns, 64 

No. 29 (Union), Penn'a, 66; 

Lack of Information, 66; War- 
rant Applied for, 67; Duplicate 
Copy, 68; Becord of Members, 

No. 29, Cambridge, Md., 78; 

Warrant grew out old Pennsyl- 
vania Union Lodge, No. 29, 78; 
Warrant surrendered to Grand 
Lodge, Pennsylvania, and be- 
came Lodge No. 5, under Grand 
Lodge of Maryland, 82; Men- 
tioned, 137 

No. 30 (Hiram), Delaware 

Begiment, — ; Warrant evidently 
granted in the Spring of 1780, 
84; Warrant, etc., fell into the 
hands of the British, 84; at the 
Battle of Camden, Aug. 16, 1780, 
39, 85 

No. 31, Wentz Tavern, Penn- 
sylvania, Travelling Warrant 
Granted March 26, 1781, 86; 
Mentioned, 91; Warrant Sur- 
rendered, 89; Location Changed 
to Norristown, taking place of 
Provincial Lodge, No. 8, dis- 
banded, 89; Warrant renewed, 
89; Eoster, 93; Warrant Va- 
cated, 97 
— — ■ No. 31, Surrendered Old War- 
rant in 1789, Eenewed under date 
of December 14, 1789, location 
Changed to Norristown, Sept. 10, 
1784, taking the place of Pro- 
vincial Lodge No. 8, which Vir- 
tually disbanded about that 
time, 89, 90, 95, 96 

(!5fn(t:al 9ntie£ 

Lodge No. 32, held at Burlington, 
N. J., Petition for Warrant, 98 ; 
Granted, 100; Eoster, 104; 
Penna. Warrant Surrendered 
April, 1787, to join G. L. of New 
Jersey, 108 

No. 33, New Castle, Chris- 
tiana Bridge, Del., Warranted, 
109 ; Expulsion of Members, 111 ; 
Desire Change of Place of Meet- 
ing, 113; Eoster, 114; Warrant 
Vacated, 115 

• No. 34, held at Talbot Court 

House, Maryland, 116, 117, 118; 
Warranted July, 2, 1781, War- 
rant Surrendered in 1787 and 
joined Grand Lodge, Maryland, 
which was finally formed April 
17, 1787, and became No. 6 of 
that Jurisdiction, Lodge ceased 
about 1794, — 

No. 35, held at Joppa, Har- 
ford Co., Md., 119; Became No. 
2 under Grand Lodge of Mary- 
land, 121; Members, 121; Alter- 
nating places of Meeting Joppa- 
Belair, 122; Early Membership, 
127; Lodge No. 35 does not ap- 
pear to have joined Grand Lodge 
of Maryland, 128 

No. 36, held at Eespective 

Cantonments of the New Jersey 
Brigade, 129 ; Petition for War- 
rant, 129; Eoster, 131; War- 
rant granted, 134; Warrant sur- 
rendered, 135 

No. 37, held at Princess 

Anne, Md., Petition for War- 
rant, 137; Warrant granted, 
139; Became No. 7, under Grand 
Lodge of Maryland, 139; War- 
rant No. 37, Maryland, Granted 
Sept. 2, 1782, 79 

No. 38, Easton, Petition for 

Warrant, 140; Proposed OflScers, 

141; Warrant granted, 141; 
Vacated, 141 
Lodge No. 38, Charleston, S. C, 
under Eegister of Penna., 60, 61, 
183, 184, 185, 188, 212; InstaUa- 
tion of Master, 148; Warrant 
Surrendered, 196 

No. 39, at Alexandria, Peti- 
tion for Warrant, 153; Warrant 
granted, 156; OflScers of, 157 
First Election of Ofacers, 157 
Letter to G. Washington, 157 
Letter from G. Washington, 158 
Min. of Lodge, 159; Washing- 
ton's Apron, 160; Oldest Lodge 
Notice, 163; Last Meeting, 167 

No. 40, St. Andrew's Charle- 
ston, S. C, Originally No. 1 of 
Pensacola, 187 ; Warrant granted, 
186; Eoster, 193; Old Warrant 
surrendered and renewed, 195; 
Warrant Surrendered, 196 

No. 41, Portsmouth, Va., Pe- 
tition for Warrant, 197; 
Granted, 198; Officers, 199; 
Mentioned, 201; Eoster, 203 

No. 42, Savannah, Warranted 

by G. Lodge, England, 205; 
Warranted by G. Lodge, Penna., 
213-221; Warranted by G. 
Lodge, Georgia, 220; Dues to 
G. L., Penna., 221 

No. 43, Lancaster, Mentioned, 


No. 44, Duck Creek Cross 

Eoads, Petition for Warrant, 
224; Granted, 226; Officers, 226; 
Warrant returned to Gr. Lodge, 
228; New Warrant from G. L. 
of Penna., 228 ; Eoster, 230 

No. 45, Pittsburg, Penna., 

History of, 26; Petition for 
Warrant, 32 ; Granted, 32 ; Men- 
tioned, 329; Ancient Seal, 330 

No. 46, South Carolina, Men- 
tioned, 20 


SDlti ^a0onic %otistfi ot ^mn&igVieinia 

Lodge No. 46, at Beading, Church- 
town, Bphrata, New Holland and 
Lititz, Penna., Originally reg- 
istered as No. 47, 231; Request 
renewal of "Warrant No. 46, 231; 
Warrant held, 233; Warrant 
Vacated, 239; Petition for rein- 
statement, 239 ; Warrant granted, 
240; Boster, 340 

No. 47, A. Y. M., the Lodge 

of "St. John of Scotland," 
held at Cape Francois, St. Do- 
mingo, 242, 248 

No. 47, Union of Franco- 
American Hearts, at Port au 
Prince, St. Domingo, Petition 
for Warrant, 251; Petition 
Granted, 251 ; Communication, 
263; Warrant Vacated, 279; 
Eoster, 281 

No. 47, at Winnsborough, S. 

C, Mentioned, 61; Petition for 
Warrant, 284; Warrant granted, 
284; later known as No. 6, 285 

No. 48, at Bedford, Pa., 

Warrant asked for, 286; War- 
rant Granted, 287; Warrant Va- 
cated, 288 

No. 49, held at Moreland 

Township, Penna., Petition for 
Warrant, 289; Warrant granted, 

No. 49, Philadelphia, Orig- 
inally petitioned for Warrant 
for No. 13, Vacant, 290; War- 
rant granted to be No. 49, 291 ; 
but not issued, 292 

No. 50, held at the Sign of 

the White Horse, East White- 
land, Chester Cfo., Pa., Petition 
for Warrant, 293; Petition 
Granted, 294; Charter Members, 
295; Eoster, 299; Vacated, 299 

No. 53 (St. Louis), held in 

Philadelphia, Petition for War- 
rant, 302 ; Warrant granted, 304 ; 

Eeturns, 305; Nothing further 
known, 305; Warrant granted 
June 24, 1792, — 
Lodge No. 54, A. T. M., held at the 
Town of Washington, Washing- 
ton Co., Pa., Warrant granted 
May 28, 1792, Petition for War- 
rant, 306; Granted, 308; By 
Laws, 309; Eoster, 315; Va- 
cated, 314 

No. 55, Huntingdon, Pa., Pe- 
tition for Warrant, 317; Peti- 
tion Granted, 318; Suspension 
of Warrant, 319 ; Eoster, 324 

No. 56, at Carlisle, Pa., Peti- 
tion for Warrant, 327; Petition 
Granted, 328; Members, 329; 
Letter to Grand Lodge, 332; 
Eoster, 333 

No. 57, Newtown, Penna., Pe- 
tition for Warrant, 336; Peti- 
tion Granted, 337; Ofacers, 338; 
Warrant Vacated, 344 

No. 58, Military Lodge, Peti- 
tion for Warrant, 345; Petition 
Granted, 347; Warrant lost, 350 

No. 61, History of, 8; Men- 
tioned, 10; Eemoval of remains 
of Brethren from Old WUkes- 
Barre Grave Yard, 12 

No. 63, Lewis Town, Del., 

Petition for Warrant, 351; In- 
stallation of Ofacers, 354; Eos- 
ter, 356; Warrant Vacated, 355 

No. 64, held at Greensburg, 

Westmoreland Co., Pa., Petition 
for Warrant, 357; Petition 
Granted, 358; By Laws, 359; 
Eoster, 360; Vacated, 360 

No. 65, held at Great Bend 

of the Susquehanna Eiver, Lu- 
zerne Co., Pa., Petition for War- 
rant, 362; Petition Granted, 
365; By Laws, 366; Eoster, 369; 
Warrant surrendered, 369 

No. 66, Union Lodge, War- 


CSmtt&l Intiet 

rant asked for, 233; Grand 
Lodge for permission to move 
the Warrant to Ephrata (No. 
46), 234 
Lodge No. 71, Orange, Afterward 
changed to Lafayette, 96, 97 

No. 81, Hiram, mentioned, 9 

No. 87, Les Ferers Keunis, 

at la Cap, Cape Haytien, Men- 
tioned, 264; Warrant asked for, 
274; Vacated, 274 

No. 88, LaConcorde at St. 

Marce, San Domingo, Warranted, 

No. 88, LaConcorde, San 

Domingo, 264; Warrant granted, 

No. 89, Les Fereres Sineere- 

ment Ee Unis, at Aux Cayes, 
San Domingo, Warranted, 264; 
Constitution, 265; Officers-Tab- 
leau, 266; Vacated AprU 7, 1806, 
264, 274 

No. 90, St. Domingo, 277 

No. 95, La Humilite, Anse-a 

Veau, St. Domingo, Warranted 
by Provincial Grand Lodge of 
St. Domingo, 270; Vacated, 274 

No. 97, Parfaite Harmonie, 

at St. Domingo, Established by 
Provincial Grand Lodge of St. 
Domingo, Sept. 5, 1803, 270, 274 

No. 98, La Perseverence, at 

Abricots, St. Domingo, Granted 
by Provincial Grand Lodge of 
St. Domingo, Sept. 5, 1803, 270; 
Vacated, 272, 277 

No. 99, La Temple Du Bon- 

huer, at Arcahaye, St. Domingo, 
Warranted by Provincial Gr. 
Lodge, St. Domingo, Sept. 5, 
1803, 271; Vacated April 7, 
1806, 272, -274 

No. 100, Mentioned, 191 

in City of Philadelphia to be 

called No. 13^ Petition for War- 

rant to hold a, 290; Warrant 
granted and No. 49 to be the 
number, 292 
Lodge No. 108^ St. George's, Pen 
sacola, Fla., Mentioned, 172; 
Afterwards became St. Andrew's 
Lodge, No. 1, 187; Afterwards 
became No. 10 under Gr. Lodge 
of South Carolina, 196 ; Dropped 
from EoU, 196 

No. 112, New Orleans, War- 
rant granted, 281; To receive 
Warrant of the late Lodge No. 
47, - 

190, under Eegister of Great 

Britain Lodge No. 3g and Lodge 
No. 40, 60-149, 176 

No. 547, Kingdom of Ire- 
land, Mentioned, 228 

Lodges under jurisdiction of Pro- 
vincial Grand Lodge of St. Do- 
mingo, The Union of Franco- 
American Hearts, No. 47; Les 
Freres Eeunis, No. 87; Concorde, 
No. 88; Les Feres Sincerement 
Eeunis, No. 89 ; L. HumUite, No. 
95; La Parfaite Harmonie, No. 
— , 271, 273 

Marine Lodge No. 38, Charleatown, 
S. C, 144; Petition for War- 
rant, 136; Warrant granted, 147 

No. 236, A. T. M., held 

at Charleston, S. C, 145 

"Mark," degree, 333 

Maryland Coat of Arms, 53, 78, 
116, 119, 136 

and Delaware Brigade, 54-57 

Masonic Apron of White Satin, 


Certificate of Col. John Proc- 
ter, 22 

Funeral of Bro. Wm. Eam- 

say, Feb. 12, 1785, at Alexan- 
dria, Va., 163 


)SDlti 9^sifionic JCottstH ot ^tnn&vl^ania 

Masonic Hall, Chestnut St., Dedica- 
tion of, 9 

Massachusetts, American Union 
Lodge (Moderns), Warranted 
February 15, 1776, 2; Washing- 
ton Lodge, Warranted October 
6, 1779, 2 

Masters Lodge, No. 5, Charles 
Town, S. C, 149 

Members of Military Lodge, No. 
19, With Pennsylvania Artillery, 

Memorial Committee of the George 
Washington Masonic Associa- 
tion, 168 

Volume, Washington Sesqui- 

Centennial Celebration, 160, 161, 

to Grand Lodge from Lodge 

No. 55, 321 

Military Lodges: (1) St. John's 
Begimental Lodge, 2; (2) 
American Union Lodge, Count. 
Line, 2; (4) Washington Lodge, 
Mass., 2; (3) No. 19, Penna. 
Artillery, 2; (5) No. 20, North 
Carolina Line, 2; (6) No. 27, 
Maryland Line, 2; (7) No. 28, 
Penna. Line, 2; (8) No. 29, 
Penna. Line, 2; (9) No. 30, 
Hiram, Delaware Eegt., 2; (10) 
No. 36, New Jersey Line, 2 

■ Warrants of Lodges Nos. 19 

and 45, 33, 56 

Modern and Ancients, 121-122, 123 
Monmouth, 39 

Montgomery Lodge, No. 19, His- 
tory, 16; By Laws, 19, 257 

Mount Moriah Lodge, No. 2, Regi- 
mental Lodge Warrant granted 
in 1779, 175 

Fortune, Island of St. Lucia, 

Vernon, 160 

Moravian Diary, Old, 206 
Mutiny, Pennsylvania Line, 65 

National Capitol in 1793, 161 
New Jersey Brigade, 10, 35, 99, 

New Jersey Coat of Arms, 40, 98 
New York, St. John's Regimental 

Lodge (Moderns), (Warranted) 

July 24, 1775, 2 
Noble and Sublime Degrees, 333 
North Carolina, Seal of, 37 
Note of Greeting to G. W., 159 

Officers and Members of Lodge 

No. 33, 112, 113 
Ofacers of Lodge No. 57, 338 
Officers of Lodge No. 64, Greens- 
burg, Pa., 358, 359 
Oglethorp Society, 207 
Old Hall, Videll's Alley, 199 
• Lodge Notice, 163 

Masonic Lodges of Pennsyl- 
vania, 1730-1800, 1 

Military Lodges Revived, 21 

Military Warrant of Lodges 

Nos. 19-45, 33 

Redoubt, 1764, Alleged place 

of Meeting of the Military 
Lodge No. 19, at Pittsburgh, 
1780, 1781, 29 

Wilkes-Barre Grave Tard 

marker, 13 
Orient de Portsmouth en Virginia 

Btat, de I'Amerique du Nord, 

on regno le Silence, 1 'Union et 

la Paix, 202 
Origin of Freemasonry in New 

Jersey, 16, 108 

Payment for Warrant, Lodge No. 
41, 199 

Pennsylvania ' ' Ancients ' ' Lodge 
No. 19, Warranted June, 1778, 
1 ; Lodge No. 20, North Carolina 
Line, Warranted 1779, 2; Lodge 
No. 27, Maryland Line, War- 
ranted April 4, 1780, 2; Lodge 
No. 28, Pennsylvania Line, War- 

CSmttal Inbti 

ranted 1780, 2; Lodge No. 30, 
Hiram, Delaware Eegiment, 2; 
Lodge No. 29, Penna. Line, War- 
ranted July 27, 1780, 2; Lodge 
No. 36, New Jersey Line, War- 
ranted March 26, 1781, 2 
Pennsylvania Artillery Battalion, 

Society of the Cincinnati, 

Washington Memorial Service, 
Feb. 22, 1800, 9 

Coat of Arms, 43, 48 

Line, Mutiny, 65 

Union Lodge No. 29, 66, 67, 

68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 78 

Warrant No. 27, 61 

Personnel of Lodge No. 58, 347 
Petition for Warrant to hold a 

Lodge of St. John of Jerusalem 
under the distinctive title De la 
Keunion des Coeurs Franco- 
Americains, 252, 255, 264 

Philippi, Louis, Masonic Certifi- 
cate, 304 

Polk, William, Portrait of, 39 

Portrait of M. Gist, 55 

Provincial Lodge No. 8, 90 

Provincial Lodge of Wisdom, No. 
2660, 203 

Preface of Earliest Minute Book 
Grand Lodge Penna., July 29, 
1779, 40 

Proceeding G. L. N. Carolina, 
125th Anniversary, 38 

Procession in Philadelphia Festi- 
val of St. John the Evangelist, 

Procter, Thomas, Regimental War- 
rant, 3; Band Music, 5; Artil- 
lery Park, 7; Eecord of, 20; 
Death of, 25; Funeral of, 25; 
Penna. Artillery Eegt. Warrant, 

Proposed Officers of Lodge No. 38, 

Protest of Members of Lodge No. 
40, 194 

Provincial Grand Lodge of New 
York Warranted, St. John's 
Regimental Lodge in the United 
States Battalion, July 24, 1775 
(Modern), 2 

of Penna., 169, 270 

of St. Andrew 

held at Morant Bay, Island Ja- 
maica, 248 

St Domingo, Va- 
cated April 7, 1805, 277 

of the Southern 

Dist. of North America, 247 

Master of St. Domingo, 


Oflaeers, 156 

Lodge of Wisdom, No. 2660, 

Purvis, George, Certificate granted 

him by Lodge No. 18 in 1782, 


Quaker Element, 43 

Ramsay, Willm., Funeral of, 161 
Regimental Warrant for the Penn- 
sylvania Artillery Service of 
United States, May 18, 1779, 1 

Warrants Should be Called 

in, 78 
Register of Lodge No. 33, 114, 115 
Removal of Lodge No. 46 from 
Ephrata to New Holland and 
back to Ephrata, 237, 238, 239 
Return of Members of Lodge No. 
44, Duck Creek, for Inspection 
of Grand Lodge of Penna., 229- 
Rogers, Wm., Autograph, 9 
Roster: Lodge No. 54, 315; No. 
55, 324; No. 56, 333; No. 63, 
356; No. 64, 360; No. 65, 369; 
St. Andrew's Lodge, No. 1, 181; 
Lodge No. 31, 93; Lodge No. 33, 


SD\\) Si^a^onit ^oHt& ot ^enn^TeVamia 

114; Lodge No. 36, 131; Lodge 
No. 40, 193; Lodge No. 41, 203; 
Lodge No. 44, 230; Lodge No. 
46, 240; Lodge No. 47, 281; 
Lodge No. 50, 299 
Eoyal Arch, 333 

St. Andrew's Lodge, No. 1, West 
Florida, 150; Warrant of. Con- 
stituted May 3, 1771, 172, 173, 
176, 178, 179, 180, 181; This 
Lodge became Lodge No. 40 
upon the Roster of the Grand 
Lodge of Penna. Aug. 28, 1783, 
187; Letter from to Lodge No. 
190, 176; Memorial for War- 
rant, 180 

No. 10, Chartered 

originally No. 40, 1817, Con- 
tinued to Work until 1890 and 
was dropped from the roll, 196 

No. 40, Warranted, 

184; Warrant Surrendered, 196 

St. Clair, Defeat of, 345 

St. George's Lodge, No. 108, insti- 
tuted in 1761, under Gr. Lodge 
of Scotland, 171, 172, 173 

St. John's Lutheran Church, 9, 95 

St. John's, N. Y., Regimental 
Lodge, 2, 85 

St. John of Scotland, 249; Under 
Warrant from Prov. Gr. Lodge 
at Jamaica, — ; Returned War- 
rant granted by Gr. Lodge of 
Penna., — 

St. Louis, No. 53, 258 

St. Mary's P. E. Church, Burling- 
ton, 98 

Scotch Royalists, 43 

Sermons, by Wm. Smith, Benefit 
of the Poor, 11; by Wm. Rogers, 
11; Sermons and Prayers Re- 
ceived, 221 

Signatures to the Petition from 
Lodge of St. John d'Ecosse, 245 

Silhouette of John Wentz, 87 

Sign of Genl. Washington, the, 360 
Sixth Maryland, 54 
Society of the Cincinnati, 9 
Solomon's Lodge, No. 1, Modern, 

Charles Town, S. C, 149, 219 

N. T., 163 

South Carolina Coat of Arms, 56 
South Carolina, Grand Lodge 

Eormed, by Lodges No. 27, 38, 

40, 47, 61 
Southern Dist. of North America 

Grand Lodge, holding Warrant 

under Grand Lodge of Scotland, 

170, 173 

Stony Point, 39 

Sullivan's Encampment, 7; Expe- 
dition, 10 

Summons, 75, 163 

Summons to the Masters of All 
Ancient York Lodges in Charles- 
ton, 178 

Super Excellent, 333 

Suspension and Vacation of War- 
rants, 319 

Sublime Scotch Lodge, Charleston, 
S. C, Seal, 145 

Tableau, 250 

Tableau Lodge, No. 89, 267 

Thayendanegea (Joseph Brant), 

Print, 5 
Third Maryland, 54 
31st Regt. of Eoot — Known as 

Huntingdonshire Regt. of Foot, 

171, 173 
Thirty-Fifth Regt. of Foot, 175 
Thompson's Penna. Rifle Bat- 
talion, 45 

Thorn, Wm., Certificate, 33 

Three English Warrants for Sa- 
vannah, Ga., 205 

Tioga Point, 13 

Traveling or Military Warrants, 
21, 30, 86 

Travelling Warrants Called in, 77, 

©fncral Unttt 

Union of Grand Lodges in Charles- 
ton in 1817j St. Andrew's Lodge 
No. 40 became St. Andrew's 
Lodge No. 10, Continued to 
Work until 1890, — 

Union Lodge No. 2, Charlestown, 
S. C. (Modern), 149, 150 

Valley Forge, 31-39 

Vignette from Certificate of Grand 

Lodge of Ireland, 52 
Virginia Journal and Alexandria 

Advertiser, 162 

Warrants Lost, 65 

Washington Lodge in the Massa- 
chusetts Line Warranted Octo- 
ber 6, 1779, by the Massachu- 
setts Grand Lodge, ' ' Ancients, ' ' 2 

Warrants Surrendered by Lodges 
No. 40, 38, 47 of Penna. and Nos. 
190-236 under Athol G. L. of 
England and formed Grand 
Lodge of South Carolina, 196 

Washington, George, proposed as 
Genl. Grand Master, 16 ; Address 
by Grand Master of Grand 
Lodge of South Carolina in 

1791, 62 ; Eeply to Grand Lodge 
of South Carolina, 63; Letter to 
Lodge No. 39, 158-159; Honor- 
ary Member of Lodge No. 39, 
160; Death of, 160; Funeral 
Honors, 263 
Washington Memorial service, 9; 
After the Revolution, 159; Be- 
nevolent Society of Phila., 160; 
Apron and Sash, 161; Masonic 
National Memorial Assn., 168 

His Masonic Compeers, 14; 

The Man and the Mason, 168 

Monseigneur, addressed as 

Serene Grand Master, 242 

Washington's farewell address to 

the Army, 8 
Watson-Cossoul Apron, 161 
Wayne, General, Treaty with the 

Northwestern tribe, 3; Tribute 

to his Bro. Masons, 349 
Whiskey Insurrection, 25, 314 
Wise's Tavern, Alexandria, 160 
Wentz Tavern, 86-87 

Zion Church, Philadelphia, 9 
Zinzendorf Missionaries, 206