(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The golden book of India : a genealogical and biographical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated, of the Indian empire"

L^4 



BOUGHT WITH THE INCOME 
FROM THE 

SAGE ENDOWNENT FUND 

THE GIFT OF 

Henrg W. Sage 

1S91 



A- l3%iXS 



xyi/lf/rp 



Cornell University Library 
CS 1204.L64 



The golden book of India :a genealogical 




3 1924 022 932 630 




Cornell University 
Library 



The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924022932630 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



f^^i 



THE 

GOLDEN BOOK 



OF 



INDIA 



A GENEALOGICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF THE 
RULING PRINCES, CHIEFS, NOBLES, AND OTHER 

PERSONAGES, TITLED OR DECORATED 

OF THE INDIAN EMPIRE 



BY 



Sir roper LETHBRIDGE, K.C.I. E. 



HonUon 
MACMILLAN AND CO. 

AND NEW YORK 
1893 



'■ ''■■ t 

Printed by R. & R- Clark, EdUiiurgh 



"By Special Termission 
DEDICATED 

TO 

HER MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY 

(Victoria 

QUEEN EMPRESS OF INDIA 





INTRODUCTION 



I. — Sources of Information. 

10 official authority whatever attaches to this work, or to any 
statement in it. The Editor has received the most kind and 
valuable assistance from all those Indian officials who have 
charge of matters relating to Dignities and Titles ; but he is 
alone responsible for the contents of T/ie Golden Book of 
India. Much of the information has been derived from the Princes, Noble- 
men, and Gentlemen whose names are included herein. To each one has 
been sent, so far as it has been found possible, a prospectus of this work, with 
a request for information, and with specimens of the form in which that 
information is desired ; and in every case in which that appeal has been 
responded to, the fullest consideration has been given to the particulars 
submitted for insertion. It is hoped that, now the work in its experimental 
form is once before the Indian public, all those who are interested in its 
accuracy will send their suggestions, whether for additions, or for alterations 
or corrections, direct to the Editor, care of Messrs. Macmillan and Co., 
29 Bedford Street, Covent Garden, London, W.C. It will readily be under- 
stood that in a work of such magnitude, involving reference to some thousands 
of persons, individual correspondence must be impossible ; and consequently 
the Editor, while assuring those who favour him with their communications 
that these shall receive the most careful attention, hopes that he will be 
forgiven if he is unable to reply separately to each one. 

The task of compiling this much-needed work has been of far greater 
difficulty than was expected. Some of the difficulty has been due to its 
novelty ; for among those who have sent information regarding themselves 
and their families, there has naturally been little uniformity in method or 
scale. This difficulty will, it is anticipated, soon disappear. But the chief 
difficulty has been owing to the fact that India stands alone among civilised 
nations in possessing no special Department, College, or Chancery, charged 
with the duty — a very flecessary duty from the point of view alike of 



viii THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



expediency and of national dignity — of recording and certifying national 
honours and titles, of regulating their conferment, and of controlling their 
devolution where hereditary. The Foreign Department of the Government 
of India, being that Department which has charge of the relations of the 
Paramount Power with the Feudatory States and their Rulers, naturally and 
properly directs so much of this business of State as cannot by any possibility 
be shirked. But the question of the very necessary establishment of a 
Heralds' College, or a Chancery of Dignities, has only once (in 1877) 
been seriously faced — and then its solution was postponed. 

The results of this neglect are already deplorable, and must ere long 
receive the attention of the Government of India. Indian titles are officially 
defined to be, either by grant from Government, i.e. a new creation by Her 
Imperial Majesty the Queen Empress through her representative; or "by 
descent, or by well-established usage." The Government alone can be the 
judge of the validity of claims, and of their relative strength, in the case of 
titles acquired by " descent " or by " well-established usage." And it is clear 
that this Royal Prerogative, to be properly used, ought to be exercised openly 
and publicly through the medium of a regular College or Chancery. It is, 
of course, true that the Foreign Department possesses a mass of more or less 
confidential information, and thoroughly efficient machinery, for deciding all 
questions of the kind, when such questions are submitted to, or pressed upon, 
the notice of Government. But when that is not the case, there seems to be 
no public authority or accessible record for any of the ordinary Indian titles, 
or for the genealogy of the families holding hereditary titles. Much confusion 
has already arisen from this, and more is likely to arise. In the Lower 
Provinces of Bengal alone, there are at this moment some hundreds of 
families possessing, and not uncommonly using, titles derived from extinct 
dynasties or from common repute, yet not hitherto recognised formally by 
the British Government ; and these, sometimes justly, but more frequently 
perhaps unjustly, are in this way placed in a false and invidious position. 
The State regulation of all these matters, in a plain and straightforward 
manner, would undoubtedly be hailed with pleasure in India by princes and 
people alike. 

In equal uncertainty is left, in many cases, the position of the descend- 
ants of ancient Indian royal and noble families ; as also that of the Nobles 
of Feudatory States, the subjects of ruling and mediatised princes. 

Then, too, there is endless confusion in the banners, badges, and devices 
that are borne, either by the custom of the country or by personal assump- 
tion, by various families and individuals. Tod's learned work on The Annals 
of Rdjdsthdn'^ taught us long ago that badges and family emblems were as 

1 Colonel Tod says : "The martial Rajpoots are not strangers to armorial bearings. ... The 
great banner of Mewir exhibits a golden Sun on a crimson field ; those of the chiefs bear a 
Dagger. Amber displays X\^ panchranga, or five-coloured flag. The lion rampant on an argent 
field IS extmct with the State of Chanderi. In Europe these customs were not introduced till 
the period of the Crusades, and were copied from the Saracens' ; while the use of them amongst 



INTRODUCTION 



characteristic of Rajput chivalry as of the feudalism of Europe — appealing to 
similar sentiments, and similarly useful for historical and genealogical purposes. 
To this day hundreds of Chiefs and country gentlemen in Rajputana, in 
Central India, in Kathiawar, and in many other parts, use their ancestral 
devices in their seals or accompanying their signature. Thus every petty 
Thakur (as well as Chiefs of higher degree), from Oudh in the East to 
the Western Sea, who can trace his descent from the proud Chauhan 
clan of Rajputs that gave the last Hindu Emperors to Delhi and Ajmir, 
still claims his ancestral right to the Chauhan santak, or device on seal 
and for signature, called the "Chakra" (see the drawing at p. loo). 
Figures of Hanumdn (the Monkey God), of the Sacred Peacock, and of the 
Sacred Garur or Eagle, take the place, in the heraldry of the East, of the lions, 
the leopards, and the fleur-de-lys of the more elaborate and artificial coat- 
armour of the West. The kulcha, or "lucky chapdti" (biscuit), with the 
silver quatrefoils, on the green flag of the Nizam, the red oriflamme of the 
"Sun of the Hindus" (the Maharana of Udaipur), the falcon of Marwar, 
the Gangetic dolphin of Darbhanga, the white and green stripes of the late 
Sir Salar Jang, and many other hereditary devices and emblems, have long 
been and still are familiar in India. But there seems to be no authority by 
whom the use of such emblems is directed or controlled ; nor has the 
Government of India ever had the prudence to avail itself of the rich store 
of revenue that might easily, and indeed (from the historical and genealogical 
point of view) usefully, be raised from the fees and duties to be derived 
from the extended use of armorial bearings. It is hoped that the publication 
of this work may have some influence in inducing the Government of India 
to establish that very necessary institution, a Heralds' College or Chancery of 
Dignities, in connection with its Political Department — or, perhaps better, 
to petition Her Majesty to attach a duly-constituted Indian Department to 
the College of Arms in London under the Garter King of Arms. 

In the existing circumstances — it may be hoped only temporarily existing 
— described above, the Editor has felt constrained, very reluctantly in many 
cases, to decline to insert the particulars of any titles that have not been 
more or less formally recognised by the Government of India, except in 
about half a dozen very special cases, where there could not by any possibility 
be any doubt of the authenticity of the claims. For instance, in the case of 
the Raikat of Baikanthpur, in the district of Jalpaiguri, Bengal, the title appears 
to be unique in India — and there can be no doubt whatever that it has been 
borne by something like twenty generations of hereditary kinsmen of the Rajas 
of Kuch Behar ; some account of this singularly interesting title has been 
inserted, though there is some reason to doubt whether it appears in any 
the Rajpoot tribes can be traced to a period anterior to the war of Troy. In the Maha- 
bharat, or Great War, twelve hundred years before Christ, we find the hero Bheesama exult- 
ing over his trophy, the banner of Arjoona, its field adorned with the figure of the Indian 
Hanumdn. These emblems had a religious reference amongst the Hindus, and were taken 
from their mythology, the origin of all devices. "—^«Ka/i of Rdjdsthdn, vol. i. pp. 123, 
124. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



official list. And so, too, with a few well-known courtesy titles {see § 8 of this 
Introduction). 

2. — Method of Arrangement. 

After much thought and deliberation, it has been determined that, at 
least for this first edition of The Golden Book — which in many respects must 
necessarily have something of the nature of an experiment — the arrangement 
of the work shall be simply alphabetical. In future editions it is possible 
that the volume may be divided into separate parts, distinguishing between 
Ruling Princes on the one hand, and Dignitaries and Titled Personages of 
British India on the other — or possibly distinguishing between Territorial 
Titles and others. But the difficulties of classification would be exceedingly 
great in a large number of cases, and any attempt in that direction would 
certainly greatly delay the appearance of the work. And, after all, even the 
most careful and accurate classification would, for practical purposes, be of 
very little use ; for, as the next section of this Introduction will show, there 
is at present no strict gradation of titles — and of some titles the relative 
values, strange as this may seem, are different in different parts of India. 

In India itself, the relative social importance of the various Dignitaries 
included in this work is well known, and any attempt further closely to 
define precedence would be an invidious as well as unnecessary task. 

For European readers it may perhaps be sufficient to give very rough and 
general analogies from the European system. For instance, the relative posi- 
tion of such potentates as the Nizam of the Deccan or the Maharaja of 
Mysore to the Indian Empire may not unfitly be compared with that of the 
King of Saxony to the German Empire. The hereditary Maharajis, Rajas, 
and Nawabs of British India occupy a position very similar to that of the 
British Peerage at home ; while the holders of the lower titles may be com- 
pared with our Knights Bachelors, and the Knights and Companions of the 
Military Orders. Among the ruling chiefs, their comparative position and 
importance may also be estimated by observing the area and population of 
their respective States, as compared with the smaller Kingdoms and Princi- 
palities of Central Europe. 

3. — Indian Titles: General. 

A list of one hundred and ninety-six different titles known to the Govern- 
ment of India has been compiled in the Indian Foreign Office. Even this 
long list can hardly be regarded as exhaustive, for it does not include many 
dynastic appellations which have come to be regarded in the light of titles, 
such as Gaekwdr, the dynastic name of the Mahdrijds of Baroda; Stndhia, 
that of the Maharajas of Gwalior; Holkar, that of the Maharajas of Indore. 
Nor does It include such titles as that of Yuvardj or Jubardj {YouXhM Rajd), 
often applied (as lately in Manipur) to the heir to the Rdj. And it is of 
course exclusive of the Military Orders of Knighthood 



INTRODUCTION 



The majority of these titles are Hindu (derived chiefly from the Sanskrit 
language), or Muhammadan (derived chiefly from the Persian). The Bur- 
mese titles, though lengthy, are few in number ; while still fewer are Ara- 
kanese (or Magh), Thibetan, Afghan, Baluch, Somali, etc. Two distinguished 
Parsi families have received the English title of Baronet ; while one Madras 
family, the descendants of the old Nawdbs of the Carnatic, has the English 
title of "Prince of Arcot," called also " Amir-i-Arcot." The title of Prince 
is also often given by courtesy as the English rendering of the title of " Shah- 
zada," conferred by Her Majesty the Empress on certain descendants of the 
Tippu dynasty of Mysore, of the old kings of Oudh, and of former Amirs 
of Afghanistan. 

Some Indian titles are personal ; others have been recognised by Her 
Majesty as hereditary. It is intended in this work to distinguish those which 
are hereditary from those which are personal. 

In the list of one hundred and ninety-six titles mentioned above (which 
is given below, in section 1 1 of this Introduction, with a glossary of their 
meanings where known), some are specific titles, analogous to the English 
"Duke," "Earl," etc.; such are Mahdrdjd, Rdjd, Nawdb. Some are 
descriptive titles, somewhat analogous to the " Defender of the Faith " borne 
by our Gracious Sovereign ; such are ShamsJur Jang ("The Sword of War"), 
a title borne by His Highness the Maharaja of Travancore, and Fath Jang, 
one of the many titles borne by His Highness the Nizam of the Deccan. 
Titles of the latter form are generally confined to a single personage or 
dynasty; but a few are common to more than one %\2X^,zs, Lokendra ("Pro- 
ector of the World "), borne by the Chiefs of Dholpur and Dattia. 

4. — Indian Titles: Ruling Chiefs. 

The normal or typical title of Chiefs or Nobles of Hindu descent is Rdjd 
(in the feminine Rani), or some of its numerous kindred forms. Some of the 
latter are Rand, Rao, Rdwal, Rdwat, Rat, Raikwdr, Raikbdr, Raikat. To 
these is added, to indicate excess of* rank, the prefix Mahd (" Great "), as in 
Mahdrdjd, Mahdrdnd, Mahdrao, Mahdrdj-Rdnd, etc. The affix Bahddur 
("Brave," "The Hero") is very commonly added (as an extra honorific) to 
all Indian titles, Muhammadan as well as Hindu, and is placed at the end of 
the name, much like the English " Esquire." Safieb is a somewhat similar 
affix, and is very commonly used as a courteous form of address ; when used 
as the supplement of a title it indicates a rank somewhat less than Bahddur, 
— thus Rao Bahddur and Khdn Bahddur are titles usually of rather more con- 
sideration than Rao Saheb or Khdn Saheb. Thdkicr is also a frequently-used 
Hindu title. Some important feudatory Chiefs bear no other title, but it 
usually is of less consideration than Rdjd. 

Diwdn and Sarddr are titles very similar in character to that of Thdkur ; 
but they are common to Hindus and Muhammadans. 

The normal or typical title of a Chief or Noble of Muhammadan descent 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



is Nawdb (with Begam as its feminine form) ; usually with the honorific suffix 
of Bahddur, and in forms of courteous address with that of Saheb. The 
title of Shdhzdda (" King's Son ") is given to some descendants of the Tippu 
dynasty of Mysore, to some descendants of former Amirs of Kabul, and to 
some descendants of the old Kings of Oudh. Other Muhammadan titles — 
sometimes equivalent in consideration to Nawdb, but not always — are Wali, 
Sultdn, Amir, Mir, Mirza, Midn, Khdn ; also Sarddr and Diwdn, which are 
common to Hindus and Muhammadans. 

Among the Ruling Chiefs there are some exceptional titles, due sometimes 
to differences of language, sometimes to other known causes, and sometimes 
of unknown origin. The first and greatest of all the Princes of the Empire 
is always known as the Nizam of the Deccan — a relic of the time when His 
Highness's ancestors were mediatised kings under the Emperor of Delhi. 
The title, though implying in itself fealty to an Imperial authority, is one of 
the highest dignity, and can hardly be translated by any European title less 
august than " king " ; it is therefore a suitable title for the first mediatised 
prince under the Indian Empire, charged with the absolute rule over an area 
more than twice as large as that of Bavaria and Saxony combined, and a 
population greater than that of the two kingdoms named. 

Holkar and Sindhia are rather of the nature of dynastic names than of 
titles ; and the Gaekwdr (the title of one of the greatest of the Ruling Chiefs) 
is of a similar nature, having been originally a caste name ; and all these 
three are relics of the Mahratta Empire. 

Among the exceptional titles due to difference of language may be noticed 
that of Jdm, which is of Sindhi or Baluch origin ; there are two Jams of 
ruling rank in Kathiawar, and one in Baluchistan. The Ruler of Spiti, an 
outlying Himalayan principality in the Punjab, is known as the Nono of 
Spiti—" Nono " being a Thibetan form. One of the Assamese Rajas is known 
as "the Bohmong"; another simply as " the Mong Raja." Some of the Madras 
Chiefs have peculiar titles of local origin. Thus, the Mahardja of Calicut 
bears the historic title of "the Zamorin "—probably a local corruption of the 
Malayalam Samundri, or " sea-king." The Maharaja of Puducotta is known 
as " the Tondiman " ; and some other Madras Rajas are called " the Valiya 
Rajl" Nine Feudatories (eight in the Bombay Presidency and one at 
Muscat in Arabia) bear the title of Sultdn. The descendants of the ancient 
chiefs of Sind are called Mirs ; the Chief of Afghanistan is called Amir. The 
Chief of Kaldt in Baluchistdn is both a Mir and a Wali, and has been created 
(like the Amir of Afghanistan) a Grand Commander of the Star of India 
In the Aden territory, which is subordinate to the Bombay Government' 
some of the chiefs bear the title of Girad, which is of Somdli origin ; others 
are known by the Arabic titles of Sultdn, Amir, and Shaikh. Some of the 
heads of Hmdu religious bodies are hereditary feudal chiefs; and their title 



is Mahant. 



All, or most of the titles mentioned above, though recognised by the 
British Government, have come down to us from eariier times. Her 



INTRODUCTION 



Majesty has, in a few very special cases, authorised a change of title among 
the Feudatories ; as, for instance, when a Thdkur Saheb has been authorised 
to use the higher title of Mahdrdjd Bahddur. But, generally speaking, when 
it is wished to confer honour on a ruling prince, it is conferred, not by a 
change in the ancient title of chiefship, but by appointment to one or other 
of the classes of the Orders of the Star of India or the Indian Empire — 
by the addition of descriptive titles — by an increase in the number of guns 
authorised for the salute, such increase being usually a personal one — or by 
the conferment of Honorary military rank in the Imperial army. 

5. — Titles Recognised, and Regularly Conferred by Her Majesty 

THROUGH THE GOVERNMENT OF InDIA. 

In British India there is now a well-established order and gradation 
of nobility ; in which creations and promotions are made by Her Gracious 
Majesty's representative, the Viceroy, just as similar creations and pro- 
motions are made in England. In the higher ranks of this nobility, an 
additional step or grade in each rank is made by the custom, unknown as 
yet in England, of making the creation or promotion in some cases personal, 
in others hereditary. But no rank below that of Raja for Hindus, or Nawab 
for Muhammadans, is now created hereditary. 

Rai (or Rao in Southern and Western India) for Hindus, and Khdn for 
Muhammadans, are the first or least considerable tides conferred by the British 
Government. These, with or without the affix of Saheb, which adds to the 
dignity, are very commonly ex officio titles, held by the subordinate officers of 
civil departments. Next above Rai Saheb, Rao Saheb, or Khdn Saheb comes 
the title Rai Bahddur, Rao Bahddur, or Khdn Bahddur ; and this is the 
title — though it has sometimes also been made simply an ex officio tide — 
which is usually first conferred on Indian gentlemen who have distinguished 
themselves by their munificence, by their patriotism, or in any other way. 
Rai Bahddur is commonly used as the Hindu title in the Bengal Presidency, 
Rao Bahddur as that in the west and south of India, and Khdn Bahddur 
for Muhammadans and Parsis ; and this rank seems exactly analogous to that 
of Knight Bachelor in England. 

Above this rank is the title of Rdjd (with the feminine Rdni) for Hindus, 
Nawdb (with the feminine Begam) for Muhammadans; and this may be 
hereditary or personal— a remark which applies to all the higher ranks. 
Next higher is a Rdjd Bahddur, or a Nawdb Bahddur. Higher again, 
for Hindus, is the title of Mahdrdjd, and above that is Mahdrdjd Bahddur. 
It is one of the many anomalies of the Indian system as at present 
existing, that there do not seem to be any Muhammadan analogies to these 
last two highest Hindu titles, so that a Nawdb Bahddur may be the equal 
either of a Rdjd Bahddur, or of a Mahdrdjd Bahddur, according to 
circumstance. These seem to be very analogous to the various steps in the 
British Peerage. 



XIV THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

Parsis share with Muhammadans their lower titles. But where they have 
attained to higher rank than Khdn Bahddur, it has been indicated by 
appointment to one of the Military Orders, or by the conferment of British 
Knighthood, or (in two cases) by a British Baronetcy. 

The ordinary sequence of rank, then, in the aristocracy of British India, 
is indicated by the subjoined tables : — 

Hindus. Muhavimadans. 

Mahdrdjd Bahadur. Nawdb Bahddur. 

Mahirdjl Nawdb. 

Rdjd Bahddur. Khdn Bahddur. 

Rdjd. Khdn Saheb. 

Rai (or Rao) Bahddur. Khdn. 
Rai (or Rao) Saheb. 
Rai (or Rao). 

The eldest son of a Maharaja or Raja is called a Mahdrajkumar (or 
Maharajkunwar), or Rajkumar (or Rajkunwar), or simply Kumar (or Kunwar) ; 
and these titles have in some cases been formally conferred by the Govern- 
ment. Nawdbzdda, or Midn, is the title given to the sons of Nawdbs. 

Among the Barons of the Punjab there is a remarkable uniformity of 
title ; they are nearly all styled Sarddr or Sarddr Bahddur— and their sons 
are often styled Mian, though this is also an independent title, as is Diwdn 
also, in the Punjab. In Oudh and in the Central Provinces, on the other 
hand, there is the greatest diversity in the form of the territorial titles — 
Thdkur being the commonest title, but Rai is also frequent (and of far 
higher dignity than it seems to bear in some other Provinces), and so are 
Rdjd, Diwdn, and Rao. 

6. — Burmese Titles. 

The chiefs of the Shan and other tribes on the frontiers of Burma have 
the titles (equivalent to Rdjd or Thdkur, or other Indian titles) either of 
Sawbwa, or Myoza, or Ngwegunhmn. 

But the regular Burmese titles ordinarily conferred by the British 
Government are these : — 

(i) Ahmudan gaung Tazeik-ya Min (meaning " Recipient of a Medal for 
Good Service"), indicated by the letters A.T.M. after the name— much as 
the Companionship of the Bath in England is indicated by the letters C.B. 

(2) Kyet Thdye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min (meaning "Recipient of the 
Gold Cham of Honour"), indicated by the letters K.S.M. after the name. 

(3) Thuye-gaung Ngweda ya Min (meaning " Recipient of the Silver 
Sword for Bravery"), indicated by the letters T.D.M. after the name. 

7- — Titles as Rewards for Learning. 

It remains to notice two Imperial titles of ancient origin, as indicating 
exceptional distinction in learning, that were revived on the auspicious 



INTRODUCTION 



occasion of Her Majesty's Jubilee. Tliese are Mahdmahopddhydya for 
Hindus, and Shams-ul-Ulama for Muhammadans. It is noteworthy, as 
showing a wise regard for that reverence which great erudition has always 
commanded in the East, that holders of these titles, ranking equally among 
themselves according to date of creation, take rank directly after titular 
Rajas and Nawabs ; and thus the dignity is rendered somewhat analogous to 
the high dignity of a Privy Councillor in the United Kingdom. 



8. — Courtesy Titles. 

There are many titles habitually used in India — and a few have been 
admitted into this work — that are not substantive titles in the strictest sense 
of the term, but may best be described as courtesy titles. Of this nature is 
the title of "Prince" in most cases — though not in the case of the Prince of 
Arcot, who enjoys a title specially conferred by the Sovereign. The title of 
" His Highness," conferred or recognised by the Queen Empress, belongs as 
of right only to a limited number of the Feudatory Chiefs, and to a few of 
the Nobles of British India ; but it is very generally conceded, as a matter of 
courtesy, to most of the Feudatory Chiefs and the greater Territorial Nobles. 
The title of " His Excellency " has been specially granted to one or two 
Chiefs ; it is also commonly used, as a matter of courtesy, in addressing 
the responsible Ministers of the chief Feudatory States. 

The owners of some great Zaminddris or estates, especially in Madras, 
are sometimes styled Rajd. in common parlance, even when they have not 
received that title from the Sovereign. But there seems to be no authority 
for this ; nor — so far as is known to the Editor, and with the few exceptions 
above noted — is any name inserted in this work as that of a Raja, or as 
holding a similar title, unless recognised by the Government of India. 

Immemorial usage throughout India has conferred well - recognised 
courtesy titles on the heirs-apparent of the greater titles ; and in some cases 
on the second, third, fourth, and younger sons. There is at least one Raja 
whose eldest son bears the courtesy title of Kunwdr, the second son that of 
Diwdn, the third that of Thdkur, the fourth that of Ldl, and the fifth and 
younger sons that of Bdbu. It may here be noted that, in common use in 
Bengal, the title of Bdbu has degenerated — like the French Monsieur and 
the English Esquire — into a mere form of address ; but it belongs of right 
only to a very limited class — and particularly to the sons, not otherwise 
titled, of the greater titled personages. In Orissa, Chota Nagpur, and 
Central India, the eldest son of a Rajd, or Thdkur frequently bears the title 
of Tikait or Tikaildo ; and sometimes (but rarely) the second son bears the 
tide of Foihait or Pothaildo, and the third that of Ldl. But in most, prob- 
ably in all, cases, the younger sons are styled Bdbu. In some of the Orissa 
Tributary Mahals, and in Manipur and in Hill Tipperah and elsewhere, the 
heir-apparent is styled Jubardj or Yuvardj. In some other parts he is 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



called Diwdn ; while in the Punjab the heir-apparent of a territorial Sarddr 
is sometimes also called Sarddr, but more commonly he bears the title of 
Midn. 

The curious Marumakkatayam law of inheritance which prevails in 
Malabar and the extreme south of India — under which the succession is to 
the offspring of the female members of the family, among whom the next 
eldest to the Rajd is the heir-apparent — makes it very fitting that the rank of 
an heir-apparent, in those parts of India, should be marked by special titles. 
The heir-apparent to His Highness the Mahdrdjiof Travancore is often called 
by Europeans the First Prince of Travancore ; but his proper courtesy title is 
" the Elaya Rdjd." The same title is borne by the heir-apparent to His High- 
ness the Mahdrdja of Cochin. The heir-apparent to the Zamorin of Calicut 
bears, by courtesy, the interesting title of " The Eralpad." It will be seen 
that, under the Marumakkatayam law, no son of a Raja can ever be in the 
line of succession ; these receive the courtesy title of Achchhan. 

The colloquial use of the dynastic titles of Sindhia and Holkar may be 
illustrated by a somewhat similar Scottish usage, by which the actual Chief or 
Laird is colloquially known by the name of his estate. Mr. Cameron becomes 
" Lochiel " the moment he succeeds to the estate of that name ; so one of 
these young Princes becomes " Sindhia " the moment he succeeds to the 
Gwalior Raj, and the other becomes " Holkar " the moment he succeeds to 
the Indore Raj — the junior members of these ruling Houses using the title 
as their family name. 

9. — Armorial Bearings. 

The Editor has already pointed out, in an earlier section of this Intro- 
duction, the need that exists for the services of an Indian King of Arms and 
an Indian Heralds' College. Such an institution, provided due regard were 
paid to Indian sentiments and prejudices, would be immensely popular 
among the Chiefs and notables of India ; and a very considerable revenue 
might yearly be raised, with the greatest goodwill on the part of those who 
would pay it, from a moderate duty, similar to the one levied in the United 
Kmgdom, on the authorised use of hereditary cognisances or armorial 
bearings. At present an Indian noble is justly proud of a cognisance that 
has been honourably borne for centuries by his ancestors, and would prefer 
to use it with full legal authority ; but it is doubtful whether he can do so 
at all, except by a most difficult and most unusual application to the Earl 
Marshal of England and the Garter King of Arms in London, for an 
authorised grant. So, too, with more modern adoptions of coat-armour ; 
these have been authorised by the College of Arms in London for the two 
Indian Baronets, and perhaps for a few more— but as a rule the modus 
operandi is unknown. 

Wherever the Editor has been able to obtain a sketch of the cognisance 
or device usually used by any Chief— or that has been emblazoned on his 



INTRODUCTION 



banner, on such public occasions as the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi, on 
the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India — a 
copy has been given in this work in the actual form used, without regard to 
the question of its being duly authorised by the College of Arms, or of its 
being in accordance with the laws of European heraldry. It is hoped that 
in a future edition this laxity will not be necessary, and that steps will in the 
meantime have been taken to regulate the devolution of ancient cognisances, 
and the assumption of new ones. It is stated that some of the Feudatory 
States have placed coats of arms on the postage stamps in use within their 
limits ; and it is quite clear that the use of such emblems is rapidly becoming 
common. 

In the case of all those Chiefs whose banners were displayed at the 
Imperial Assemblage of ist January 1877, i-^- ^ 'he Chiefs of highest 
rank — the emblems then used were used " by authority " ; and copies of 
some of them have been obtained for this work. The editor will be glad to 
be favoured with copies of others, sent through Messrs. Macmillan and Co. ; 
and will give his best consideration to them, though he must not be taken to 
pledge himself to the insertion of any. 



10. — Ceremonies observed on the Installation of an Indian Noble. 

The Warrant conferring (or authorising the hereditary succession to) a 
title is called a sanad — sometimes spelt " sunnud." It is signed, on behalf 
of Her Majesty the Empress, by His Excellency the Viceroy ; and bears the 
Official Seal of the Empire. 

It is usual — though there appears to be no invariable rule — for the local 
representative of Her Majesty, on the occasion of the installation or 
succession of a Chief or Noble, to present him with a khilat, and receive 
from him a nazar in return. " Khilat " literally means " a Dress of 
Honour." It usually consists of pieces of cloth not made up ; but some- 
times it consists of arms, jewels, or other valuables, without any article of 
attire, although in most cases a turban and shawl form part of the gift. 
Indeed, a complete khilat may include arms, or a horse, or an elephant, or 
all of these together. The nazar (sometimes spelt nuzzur) must be of 
corresponding value to the khilat. 

In the case of a Mahdfaja Bahadur, or other noble of that rank, the 
khilat and sanad are presented, in full Darbdr, by the Governor, Lieutenant- 
Governor, or other Chief Civil Officer of the Province ; or if they are unable 
to be present, by the Commissioner of the Division at the sudder-station (or 
capital). 

To the Darbar are invited all the civil and military officers available, also 
all the Indian notables and gentry of the neighbourhood. 

The chair of the Presiding Officer is placed in the middle, and that of 
the nobleman to be installed on his right. The brother, son, and any of the 



xvill THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

relatives of the nobleman who may be present, occupy places, according to 
their station, in the right-hand line. 

The chairs for all the public functionaries are placed, according to their 
rank, on the left hand of the Presiding Officer's chair. 

The local notables and gentry occupy chairs, also according to their rank, 
on the right hand of the Presiding Officer. 

A company of soldiers is drawn up in front of the stairs, as a Guard of 
Honour. 

On the arrival of the noble near the stairs, the Sarishtadar or Munshi of 
the Presiding Officer leads him to the audience. All functionaries, out of 
respect to him, rise from their chairs on the Chiefs reaching the Presiding 
Officer ; who then asks him to take his seat. All functionaries and Darbaris 
must have assembled and taken their seats before the Chiefs arrival. 

After a short conversation, the Presiding Officer orders his Munshi to 
take the Chief to an adjoining room, prepared previously for the purpose, 
where he is robed with the different parchas of the khilat except the pearl 
necklace. After this, he is again brought into the Darbar room, and stands 
in front of the Presiding Officer. The latter, rising from his seat with all 
the functionaries present, then ties the pearl necklace round the neck of the 
Chief 

The Presiding Officer then orders the Munshi to read out the sanad. 
During the reading of the sanad the Presiding Officer and the functionaries 
resume their seats, while the Chief and the local notables and gentry 
rise. 

The Chief presents the usual nazardna of gold mohurs, and then all 
resume their seats. 

After a short pause, the Presiding Officer orders atr and pdn to be 
brought ; and standing up, serves out the same, first to the newly-installed 
Chief, and then to all the Indian notables and gentry present — the Munshi 
bringing up each one in turn to receive the atr and pdn. 

They all then take their leave, and the ceremony is at an end. 

The ceremony of the Installation of a Raja Bahadur, or titled personage 
of lower rank than a Mahardja Bahadur, is very similar to the one described 
above. But the Guard of Honour is not so large, and it is not necessary 
that the Chief Civil Officer of the Province should be present. Also, the 
sarpech, pearl necklace, or whatever may compose the khilat, is handed by 
the Commissioner to the Collector or Assistant Collector of the district in 
which the Chiefs estates are situated, and he requests him to invest the 
Chief with it. 

A ceremonial similar to those described above is observed when a 
Knight Grand Commander, or a Knight Commander, or a Companion of 
the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, or of the Most Eminent Order 
of the Indian Empire, is invested with the insignia of the Order by the 
representative of the Empress. 



INTRODUCTION 



II. — List of Indian Titles, with a Glossary of their 
Meanings where known. 



Titles. 



Achchhan 



Ahmiidan gaung Tazeik-ya Min (A.T.M. 

after name) 
Ahsan Jang . . . . . 

Ajdhat Sar Deshmukh 



Alijdh (Sindhia) 

Amin-ud-dauli (Tonk) 

Amir ... . . 

Amir-ud-dauld Sayyid-ul-Mulk Mumtdz 

Jang 
Amir-ul-Umara . 
Arbdb ... 
Asaf Jdh (Nizdm) . 

Azam ... 
Azam-ul-Umara (Baoni) 
Azim-uI-Iktidir (Sindhia) . 
Bahddur 

Bahddur Desai ... 
Bahddur Jang (Bhartpur) . 
BarSr Bans (Faridkot) 



Bardr Bans Sirmur (Ndbha) 

Begam (Bhopil. See Nawdb Begam) 

Beglar Begi (Kalit) . 

Bhup (Kuch Behar) .... 
Bohmong (Chief of the Regritsa 

Maghs) 
Brajendra (Bhartpur) 
Chaube . 
Chaudhri ...... 

Chhatrapati Mahdrdj (Kolhapur) 



Ddvar 
Deshmukh 



Meaning. 

Achchhan (Malayalam, a father, used 
also as a title of respect, and in 
Malabar applied especially to the 
males of the Royal family who have 
no ofiSce or official rank in the State 
(Glos. of Indian Terms). 

Recipient of a medal for good service 
(Burmese). 

Excellent in war. 

{Ajdhat, Persian Wajdhat), a title of 
honour to a Vicegerent or represent- 
ative, as one exhibiting the presence 
of a fully authorised deputy (Mar. 
Diet.) 

Of exalted dignity. 

Trustee of the State. 

Prince, chief. 

A prince of the State, distinguished in 
war. 

Chief of the nobles. 

Lord. 

An Asaf (Solomon's Wazir, according 
to the Muhammadans) in dignity. 

Very great. 

The greatest of the nobles. 

Most powerful. 

Brave ; a hero ; at the end of a name a 
title = the English "Honourable." 

Desdi (Mar.), ruler of a province. 

Brave in war. 

Offspring of a Bardr (a Jat tribe. The 
Rdjd of Faridkot is head of the 
tribe — Griffin). 

Sirmur, a crowned head. 

Lady ; queen ; title of Mughal ladies. 

Lord of lords. The Governor of 
Shiraz holds this title in Persia. 

Sovereign, king. 

(Arakanese) Head leader. 

Lord of Braj, an epithet of Krishna. 

A caste distinction. 

Head man of a village ; an honorific 

form of address. 
Lord of the umbrella. A king entitled 

to have an umbrella carried over 

him as a mark of dignity. 
A just prince, a sovereign. 
An hereditary native officer under the 

former Governments (Marathi). 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



Titles. 
Diler Jang (Dholpur) 
Dinkar Rao 

Diwdn ... 

Diwin Bahidur 

Farzand-i-Arjumand Akidat Paiwand 

Daulat-i-Inglishia (Ndbha) 
Farzand-i-Dilband Rashikhul-Iti-kid 

Daulat-i-lnglishia (Jind and Kapur- 

thala) 
Farzand -i -Dilpazir-i-Daulat - i - Inglishia 

(Rdmpur) 
Farzand - i - Khds - i - Daulat- i - Inglishia 

(Baroda, Patidla) 
Farzand- i-Saddat-i -NisMn-i-Hazrat-i- 

Kaisar-i-Hind (Faridkot) 

Fath Jang (Nizam) .... 

Fidwi-i-Hazrat-i-Malika-i-Muaz-zama-i- 

Rafi-ud-Darjd-i-Inglistdn (Sindhia) 

Gambhir Rao ..... 

Ghorpade. 

Girad .... 

Hdfiz-ul-Mulk (Bahdwalpur) 

Heladi Naik Bahadur Desai Nadu- 

gauda. 
Himmat Bahddur .... 
Hisdm-us-Saltanat (Sindhia) 
Hizabr Jang .... 
Ihtishdm-ud-dauld (Jaora) . 
Ihtishdm-ul-Mulk 
Imdd-ud-dauld (Baoni) 
Indar (Kashmir) 
Jai Deo (Dholpur) . 
Jalil-ud-dauld (Dujana) 

J^m 

Jamad^r ..... 
Khdn ' 

Khdn Bahidur .... 

Khdn Saheb. 

Khdnzdda 



Kiritapati (Travancore) 
Kulashekhdra (Travancore) 
Kumdr or KunwSr . . . . 

Kyet Thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min 

(K.S.M. after name) 
Lokendra (Dholpur, Dattia) 

Mahant 

Mahdrdj Kumir 

Mahdrdj Rink (Dholpur, Jhalawar) 

Mahdrdjd .... 



Meaning. 
Intrepid in war. 
Dinkar (Sanskrit), Day-maker, the sun. 

See Rao. 
A minister, a chief officer of State. 
See Diwin and Bahddur. 
Beloved and faithful son of the English 

Government. 
Beloved and trusty son of the English 

Government. 

Esteemed son of the English Govern- 
ment. 

Favourite son of the English Govern- 
ment. 

A son emblematical of the good 
auspices of Her Majesty the Empress 
of India. 

Victorious in battle. 

A servant of Her August Majesty the 
Queen of England, who is exalted 
in position. 

Sagacious chief 

A Somali title, apparently = a chief. 
Guardian, preserver of the country. 



Brave champion. 

Sword of the State. 

Lion of battle. 

Pomp of the State. 

Pomp of the country. 

Pillar of the State. 

Indra. 

God of victory. 

Glory of the State. 

(Sindhi) Chief 

Chief or leader. 

Lord, prince, title of Muhammadan 

nobles. 
Brave lord. 

Son of a Khin. Title of some Musal- 
mdn chiefs settled in Pandu Mehvas. 

Possessor of a diadem. 

Head (Shekhara) of the race (Kulam). 

Prince, son of a Rdji 

Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour 
(Burmese). 

Protector of the world. 

Head of a religious order. 

Son of a Mahdrdji. 

Supreme Rin^ or king. 

Great Rdjd or king. 



INTRODUCTION 



Titles. 
Mahirdjd Bahddur. 
MaMriji Dhirij or Mahdrij-Adhirdj 
Mahd.rdjd-i-Rdjagdn . 
Mahirdnd .... 

Mahdrdnd Dhirdj (Udaipur) 
Mahdrdni .... 

Mahdrao ..... 
Mahdrao Bahddur (Kota). 
Mahdrao Rdjd. (Alwar and Bundi) 
Mahdrdwal . ' . 
Mahdrfwal Bahadur. 
Mahdriwat (Partdbgarh) . 
Mahendra .... 

Majid-ud-dauli 
Malanmat Maddr. 
Maldz-ul-Ulama-ul-Fdzila . 

Malik 

Mdlwandar (Nibha) . 
Mani Sultdn (Travancore) . 

Mansur-i-Zam£n (Sindhia, Patidla) 
Midn 

Mihin Sardir (Baoni) 

Mir 

Mirza 



Mirza Bahadur. 
Mong Rijd 
Muazzaz-ud-dauld 
Mudabbir-ul-Mulk 
Muhtashim-i-Daurin (Sindhia) 
Mujdhid-ul-Mulk 
Mukhlis-ud-dauld (Bahdwalpur) 
Mukhtdr-ul-Mulk (Sindhia) 
Mulk .... 

Mumtiz-ud-daulct 
Mumtiz-ul-Mulk 
Mushir-i-Khds . 
Mushir-ud-dauld 
Mustakil Jang (Dujana) 
Mustakim Jang 
Mutalik .... 
Muzaffar-ul-Mamdlik (Nizdm) 
Naik .... 
Nasrat Jang (Bahdwalpur) . 
Nawdb .... 
Nawdb Bdbi (Balasinor) . 



Meaning. 

Lord Paramount king of kings. 

King of kings. 

Great Rdnd or king. 

Lord Paramount, king of kings. 

Great Rini or queen. 

Great Rao or chief. 

Supreme Rdjd or king. 
Great Rdwal or prince. 

Great Rdwat or prince. 
Great Indra. 
Glorious in the State. 

Asylum of the learned and erudite. 

Master, proprietor. 

Lord of wealth. 

The Sultdn par excellence. Mani — a 

jewel, a pearl. 
Victorious of the age. 
Lord, Master, title of sons of Rdjput 

princes. 
Mihin, greater, greatest, elder-born. 
Chief, leader. 
A contraction of Amir Zdda, " nobly 

born." When affixed to a name, it 

signifies " Prince " ; when prefixed, 

simply " Mr." 

Mong (Arakanese), a leader. 

Honoured of the State. 

Administrator or Minister of the country. 

(The most) powerful of his age. 

Warrior (for the faith) of the country. 

Devoted servant of the State. 

Ruler of the country. 

Probably a misprint or corruption of 

Malik, a king. 
Distinguished in the State. 
Distinguished in the country. 
Privy counsellor, choicest counsellor. 
Counsellor of the State. 
Firm in battle. 
Loyal in battle. 
Mutlak, principal, supreme. 
Victorious over kingdoms. 
Nayak, leader, chief. 
Victorious in battle. 
Vicegerent. 
BAbi, door-keeper. The founder of 

the family once held this post in the 

Mughal Court, and hence the title is 

given to his descendants. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



Titles. 
Nawdb Bahddur. 
Nawdb Begam (Bhopdl). 
Nizdm-ud-dauld (Nizdm) . 
Nizdm-ul-Mulk (Niz^) 
Nono (Spiti) . 
Padmandbha Dasa (Travancore) 
Pidwi .... 



Pancha-Hizdr Mansabdir . 

Pant Pratinidhi 

Pant Sachiv 
Patang Rao 
Prince (Arcot). 
Rafi-ush-Shdn (Sindhia) . 

Rai 

Rai Bahddur. 

Rai Rdydn (Banswara) 

Rai Siheb. 

Rais-ud-dauld (Dholpur) . 

Rij Rdjendra (Jaipur) 

Rdj Rajeshwar (Holkar), etc. 

Rdj Saheb 

Rdjd .... 

Rdjd Bahadur. 

Rdjd Dhirdj . 

Rdjd-i-Rdjag£n . 

Rdjeshwar. 

Rdnd 



Rdni .... 

Rao .... 

Rao BaMdur. 
Rao Saheb. 

Rashid-ul-Mulk (Baoni) 
Rdwal .... 
Rdwat .... 
Rukn-ud-dauld (Bahdwalpur) 
Rustam-i-Daurdn (Nizdm) . 

Rustam Jang . 
Saheb-i-Jdh (Baoni) 
Saif-ud-dauld . 
Sar Desdi 
Sdrfmad - i - Rdjahd 

(Orchha) 
Sdrdmad - i Rdjahd 

(Jaipur) 
Sarddr 
Sarddr Bahddur. 



Bundelkhand 



Meaning. 



Regulator of the State. 
Administrator of the country. 
(Tibetan) Young nobleman. 
Servant of Vishnu (the lotus-navelled). 
Or Pdrvi, clan title borne after their 

names by certain Mehvas Chiefs 

{Bombay Gazetteer). 
Noble holding a mansab or military 

rank of 5000 horse. 
Pratinidhi, a vicegerent ; title borne by 

a distinguished Maratha family. 
Sachiv, Minister, counsellor. 
From Patang, the sun, and Rao, prince. 

Of exalted dignity. 

(Prakrit Rai = Rdjd) Prince, chief 

Rai of Rais, prince of princes. 

Ruler of the State. 

Lord of kings, king of kings. 

Rajeshwar, king of kings. 

Rdj = Rdjd. 

King, prince. 

Paramount Rdjd, king of kings. 
Rdjd of Rdjds. 

From Rdjan ( = Rdjd) + Ka (expressing 

diminutiveness). 
Title of a prince or Rdji, especially 

among Rdjputs. 
Queen, princess. 
King, prince, chief. 



Director of the country. 
Prince, chief. 

Do. 
Pillar of the State. 
The Rustam (the most renowned of 

Persian heroes) of his time. 
A Rustam in battle. 
Possessed of dignity. 
Sword of the State. 
Chief Desdi or ruler of a province. 
Head of the Rdjds of Bundelkhand. 



Hindustan Head of the Rijds of Hindustan. 



Chief officer of rank. 



INTRODUCTION 



Titles. 



Saulat Jang (Tonk) 
Sawdi 



Sawdi Bahidur (Kutch). 

SawSi Rao. 

Send Khas Khel (Gaekwdr) 

Send Pati 

Shdhzdda .... 

Shaikh .... 

Shaikh-ul-Mushaikh . 

Shamsher Bahddur (Baroda) 

Shamsher Jang (Travancore) 

Shams-ud-dauM 

Shiromani (Bikanir) . 

Shrimdn Maha Naik Nadgauda 

Nagnuriebirada Himori. 
Shujd-at Jang . 
Sipahddr-ul-Mulk (Dholpur) 
Sipar-i-Saltanat (Kashmir) . 
Srindth (Sindhia) 
Sultdn .... 
Thdkur . . • . 

Thdkur Rdwat. 
Thdkur Saheb. 
Thdkur Send Rai. 
Thdkurdni 
Thuye-gaung Ngweda ya Min (T.D.M 

after name) 
Umdat-ul-Mulk 
Umdat-ul-Umara (Sindhia) 
Vanji (Travancore) . 
Vishwdsrao 
Wachandth 

Wdld Shikoh (Sindhia) 
Wali (Kaldt) . 
Walvi .... 



Wasava . 
Wazir-ud-dauld . 
Wazir-uI-Mulk (Tonk) 
Zamorin . 



Meaning. 

Fury of war. 

Literally, having the excess of a fourth ; 

i.e. better than others by 25 per cent. 

A Hindu title. 



Chief of the army, commander of the 

army of the State. 
Army-Chief, General. 
Prince-Royal, prince. 
Chief. 

Doctor of doctors (of law). 
A mighty man of the sword. 
The sword of war. 
The sun of the State. 
The gem, the best (of). 



Brave in war. 

Commander of the army of the country. 

Shield of the Empire. 

Lord of Fortune. 

Prince, ruler. 

Chief, feudal noble. 



Female Thdkur. 

Recipient of the Silver Sword for 

Bravery (Burmese). 
Chosen of the State. 
Chosen from among the nobles. 
Dynastic name. 

From Vishwds, trust, and Rao, prince. 
Vachan-ndth, Lord of Speech. 
Of high dignity. 
Prince, governor. 
Or Valvi. Clan title borne after their 

names by certain Mehvas Chiefs 

{Bombay Gazetteer). 
Or Vasava Do. 
Minister of the State. 

Do. 
Vernacular modification of Samundri, 

the sea king (Malayalam). 



NOTICE 

This Edition of The Golden Book of India is up to date. It con- 
tains the Honours conferred in January 1893 — including fifty-four 
new Titles, and nine appointments to, or promotions in, the Orders of 
the Star of India and the Indian Empire, gazetted in Calcutta on 2nd 
January 1893. 

Communications relating to the Second Edition should be ad- 
dressed to 

Sir roper LETHBRIDGE, K.C.I.E., 

c/o Messrs. Macmillan & Co., 
29 Bedford Street, 

CovENT Garden, 

LONDON, W.C. 

January ^isi, 1893. 



H^SSP^VHi^^^S 






B^^^^M^^^R^M 




I^RRIB 


^^■"IgBH 








^g^jW&t^jr^ 




^^r!ral^ 


Tl^^S^^'^ffn 






wi^' 






^ 


^^m 


kH^^^^ 


^alm 




^^^« 


WsSmm^^^'^ 


^^ 


^^1^ 








^^^ySKliMMa 




i^^ 


^^^Sm 


I^^^^S^^^j^ 










1^^ 


^^^^ 



ABAJI BALWANT BHISB, Rao Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on nth September 1884. 
Residence. — Bombay. 

ABBAS ALI walad MUHAMMAD KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary. The Mir is a descendant of one of the Mirs or 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Sind. 

ABBAS KHAN, MIRZA, CLE. 

The Mirza was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the 
Indian Empire, ist January 1882. 
Residence. — • 

ABDUL ALI, Khan Bahddur. 

The Kh£n Bahadur was born in 1863, and is a descendant of the old 
Nawabs of the Carnatic, being the son of Muazzaz-ud-daula, and grandson 
of His late Highness Azim Jah, first titular Prince of Arcot. He was granted 
the personal title of Khan Bahadur in 1876. 

Residence. — M adras. 

ABDUL ALI, MIR, Khdn Bahddur, and Sarddr. 

The titles are personal, and were conferred, the first on 22 nd January 
1873, and the second on 31st May 1891. 
Residence. — Bombay. 

ABDUL PATEH, MAULAVI, SAYYID, Khdn BahSdur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1887. 
Residence. — Ndsik, Bombay. 



ABDUL FIROZ KHAN (of Sdvanur), Nawdb. 
awab is the uncle of th 

Residence. — Dharwar, Bombay. 



The Nawab is the uncle of the ruling Nawab of Savanur in the Dharwar 
district. 



B 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



ABDUL PIROZ KHAN, Khdn Saheb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Bhusdwal, Bombay. 

ABDUL GHANI, KH'WAJA SIR, K.C.S.I., Nawdb (of Dacca). 

Born about the year 181 3. The title is hereditary, and was conferred 
on I St January 1877. The Nawab, who is famous throughout Bengal for 
his great wealth, liberality, and public spirit, is descended from the Bonda 
family, of Kashmiri origin. The Maulavi Abdullah, who was the son of 
the Maulavi Abdul Kadir, and was born in Kashmir, came to Bengal in the 
reign of the Emperor Mahmud Shdh, and established himself in Sylhet. 
His grandson was the Khwaja AlimuUah, who was the father of the subject 
of this notice. The Nawab Abdul Ghani first distinguished himself for his 
loyalty during the Mutinies of 1857, assisting the Government with infor- 
mation, advice, and funds. Placed his steamer. The Star of Dacca, at the 
disposal of Government during the famine of 1874, and after the cyclone of 
October 1876, for relief work. Has contributed largely to works of public 
utility, and on all occasions of distress. He has been a great benefactor to 
the city of Dacca, where he has supplied many public buUdings, and main- 
tains a Free School, a Madrasa for Muhammadan students, an almshouse, 
etc. He was created C.S.I, in 1871 ; Nawab (personal) in 1875 ; hereditary 
Nawab on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty 
as Empress, ist January 1877; K.C.S.I., 1886. His son is the Hon. 
Nawab Ahsanulla (^.».), born 1846. 

Residence. — Dacca, Bengal. 

ABDUL G-HANI, MAULAVI, Khdn Bahddur. 

An Extra Assistant Commissioner of the Punjab. Created a Khan 
Bahddur, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893. 
Residence. — Punjab. 

ABDUL HAKIM, MUNSHI, Khdn Saheb. 

Granted the title, as a personal distinction, 2nd January iBq^, for 
■emment services at Gilgit. 



Residence. — Gilgit, Kashmir. 



ABDUL HAKK, SAYYID, CLE., Sarddr Diler Jang Bahddur. 

. I^^ ^^'^^l' ^^°.i^ ^ descendant of the Karnal family, was in early life 
m the British service, and obtained the Companionship of the Indian 
Empire for distinguished service in the Police. He was lent by the British 
Government to the Government of His Highness the Nizam, attained very 
high office in the latter service, and was rewarded by the titles of Sarddr 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



Diler Jang Bahddur, and subsequently of Sarddr Dikr-ud-dauld Bahddur ; 
and the former of these titles was recognised by the British Government as 
a personal distinction. 

Residence.- — Hyderabad and Bombay. 

ABDUL HAKK, M AULA VI, Shams-ul-Ulama. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. It 
entitles the Maulavi to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular Nawabs. 

Residence. — Cawnpur, North- Western Provinces. 

ABDUL HAKK, MAULAVI (of Khairabad), Shams-ul-Ulama. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. It 
entitles the Maulavi to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular Nawabs. 

Residence. — Sitapur, Oudh. 

ABDUL HUSAIN KHAN, MIR (of Tando Mir), His Highness. 

Born 13th May 1850. The title is personal, and was conferred in recog- 
nition of his position as grandson of the Amir, who was the ruler of Sind at 
the time of the annexation. 

Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 

ABDUL ISLAM BIN ADAM, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist May 1880. 
Reside?tce. — Nisik, Bombay. 

ABDUL JABBAR, MAULAVI, Khdn Bahddur. 

The Khan Bahadur is a Deputy Magistrate of the 24-Parganas at 
Calcutta, and having rendered excellent service in that capacity, received 
the title as a personal distinction on 25th May 1892. 

Residence. — Calcutta. 

ABDUL KADIR, SAYYID, Khdn Bahddur. 

As the term Sayyid implies, this gentleman claims to be descended from 
the Prophet. He is a descendant of the old Nawabs of the Carnatic ; and 
his title of Khan Bahadur was recognised by the Government in December 
1890. 

Residence. — Madras. 

ABDUL KADIR, HAPIZ, Khdn. 

The Khan is sometimes styled Wajih-ulla-Khan-i-Hal ; his title, which is 
personal, was conferred by the Carnatic Nawab, but was recognised by 
Government in 1890. 

Residence. — M adras. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA, 



ABDUL KADIB KHAN walad ALI GAUHAR KHAN, MIR. 
The title is hereditary, the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). 
Residence. — ShiMrpur, Sind. 

ABDUL KABIM, SHAIKH HAFIZ, C.I.B., Khan Bahddur. 

Born 1838. The title was conferred on 24th May 1884, for services 
rendered by his ancestors, and for his own acts of public generosity. His 
father was present at the battles of Bharatpur, Kamon, and Shekhawati in 
the first Kabul campaign ; and his brother was rewarded by a khilat for his 
services in the first and second Punjab campaigns. The Khan Bahadur is a 
large landed proprietor in the district of Meerut, North-Western Provinces ; 
and has been created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the 
Indian Empire, 21st May 1890. 

Residence. — Meerut, North-Western Provinces. 



ABDUL LATIP, C.I.E., Nawdb Bahddur. 

' The Nawab Bahadur was born in March 1828. He traces his descent 
from the celebrated Generalissimo of Islam, Khalid Ibn Walid, entitled the 
" Sword of God," who died in the twenty-first year of the Hijrah. Shah 
Ain-ud-din of Baghdad was the first member of the family to settle in India. 
His descendant, Kazi Abdur Rasul, was made Kazi by the Emperor of 
Delhi, and sent to Faridpur in Bengal, where the family settled. A 
descendant, Kazi Fakir Muhammad, was a leading pleader of the Sadar 
Diwdni and Nizdmat Addlat at Calcutta ; and was a great oriental scholar, 
being the author of several works, of which the chief was the Persian Jdmi- 
ut-Tawdrikh or " Universal History." He was the father of the subject of the 
present notice; who entered the Government service in 1846, and after 
some service in the Educational Department in the Dacca College and the 
Calcutta Madrasa, became a Deputy Magistrate of the 24-Parganas in 
1849. Was appointed J.P. for Bengal, Behar, and Orissa, 1852. Acted for 
a short time as Police Magistrate of Calcutta, and has served three times as 
a Member of the Bengal Legislative Council. Has been a Member of the 
Board of Examiners since i860; has also been Member of the Central 
Examination Committee. One of the Income-Tax Commissioners for 
Calcutta, 1861-65. Fellow of the Calcutta University, 1863. In 1867 
received from Government a gold medal, and a set of the new edition of the 
Encyclopcsdia Britannica, with an autograph inscription by the Viceroy : " In 
recognition of his services in promoting native education, especially the 
education of those who like himself belong to the Muhammadan religion." 
In 1869 appointed one of the Commissioners to enquire into the state of 
the Calcutta and Hughli Madrasas, and received the thanks of Government 
for this work. Is a J.P. and Municipal Commissioner for Calcutta, and also 
for the suburbs ; Member of the Board of Management of the Reformatory, 
and of the District School Committee, 24-Pargands. Founder and Secretary 
of the Muhammadan Literary Society of Calcutta, established April 1863; 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



Hon. Secretary, Bengal Social Science Association ; Member of the 
Philological Committee of the Asiatic Society of Bengal ; a Trustee of the 
Indian Association for Cultivation of Science ; Member of Committee of 
Albert Hall, also of the District Charitable Society. Received the 
Companionship of the Order of the Indian Empire, ist January 1883. Was 
created a Nawab Bahidur in consideration of his eminent position and dis- 
tinguished public services on the occasion of the Jubilee of Her Most Gracious 
Majesty's reign, 1887. He has two sons — Abul Fazl Muhammad Abdur- 
rahman, Esquire, Barrister-at-law of the High Court, Calcutta ; Abul Khair 
Muhammad Abdus-Subhan, Khdn Bahadur {q.v.) 
Residence. — 16 Toltollah Lane, Calcutta. 



ABDUL LATIP AGHA JOHAR, Kkdn BaUdur. 

The title is personal; was conferred by the Carnatic Nawdb, and 
recognised by Government i6th December 1890. The Khan Bahidur also 
bears the Carnatic titles of Asad Jang Said-ud-daula, 

Residence. — Arabia. 



ABDUL LATIF LONDB, KAZI, Shams-ul-Ulama. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd January 1888, for 
eminent oriental scholarship. It entitles the Kazi to rank in Darbar immedi- 
ately after titular Nawabs. 

Residence. — Bombay. 



ABDUL MAHMUD KHAN, KMn Bahadur. 

Has done good service in the Medical Department, Bengal ; and received 
the title on ist January 1891, as a personal distinction. 
Residence, — Calcutta. 



ABDUL (ABDUE) RAHIM HAKIM, Khdn BaMdur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 6th April 1882. 
Residence. — Bushire. 

ABDUL (ABDUR) RAHIM, SHAIKH, KMn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890, for good 
service in the Medical Department. 

Residence. — Bengal. 

ABDUL (ABDUR) RAHIM KHAN, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877. 
Residence. — Bannu, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



ABDUL (ABDUR) RAHMAN, Khan Bahddur. 

The Khan Bahadur is a Deputy Commissioner in the district of Shimoga, 
Mysore, under the government of His Highness the Maharaja of Mysore, and 
received the title as a personal distinction on 2Sth May 1892. 

Residence. — Shimoga, Mysore. 

ABDUL (ABDUR) RAUF, MAULAVI, Shams-ul-Ulama. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890, for distinc- 
tion in oriental learning. It entitles him to take rank in Darbar immediately 
after titular Nawabs. 

Residence. — Patna, Bengal. 

ABDUL (ABDUR) RAZZAK, Khan Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888, for dis- 
tinguished medical service. 
Residence. — Jeddah. 

ABDUL (ABDUS) SAMAD, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887. 
Residence. — Indore, Central India. 

ABDUL VASA, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1843; a member of the Carnatic family, being the son-in-law of 
His late Highness Zahir-ud-daula, the second of the titular Princes of Arcot ; 
was granted the personal title of Khan Bahadur in 1875. 

Residence. — Madras. 

ABDUL WAHAB, MAULAVI, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887. The 
Maulavi's ancestors are said to have come from Kandahdr in the 10th 
century, and to have settled at Delhi. The family afterwards removed to 
Echoli in the Meerut district ; and one of his ancestors having been killed by 
Ragbars in the 17 th century, his heirs were granted the village of Echoli by 
firmdn of the Emperor of Delhi. In course of time this grant passed into 
the hands of the Rani of Landhaura. Abdul Wahab has rendered very 
distinguished service in the Police Department, and has been publicly com- 
mended and rewarded on many occasions. He is District Superintendent of 
Police at Ballia. 

Residence. — Meerut, North-Western Provinces. 

ABDUL WAHAB, HAJI, Khdn Bahddur. 

This gentleman (who, as the title of Hdji implies, has performed the 
Haj or Pilgrimage to Mecca) is connected with the Carnatic family ; and 
his title, conferred by the Carnatic Nawab, was recognised by Government 
as a personal one in 1890. 

Residence. — Madras. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



ABDULLA walad GHULAM MURTAZA KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Chiefs 
of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — ShikSrpur, Sind. 

ABDULLA KHAN, Nawdb. 

The title is hereditary, and the Nawd,b Abdulla Kh^n was specially 
selected to succeed to it in August 1881. The title had been recognised 
30th July 1875. 

Residence. — Dera Ismail Khdn, Punjab. 

ABDULLA KHAN, Khan Salwb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Sibi, Baluchistan. 

ABDULLA KHAN, Khdn Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd January 1888. 
Residence. — Ajmir, Rijputina. 

ABDUS SUBHAN, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born in 1849; has been granted the personal title of Khan Bahadur for 
good service under the Police Department of Madras. 
Residence. — Madura, Madras Presidency. 

ABDUS SUBHAN, SAYYID, CHAUDHRI, Nawdb. 
Granted the title of Nawab, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893. 
Residence. — Bogra, Bengal. 

ABHAI CHANDRA DAS, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 23rd May 1888, for good 
service as Deputy Magistrate and Deputy Collector of the 24-Parganas. 
Residence. — 10 Shama Charan Dey's Street, Calcutta. 

ABHAI CHARAN MITTBR, Rai Bahddur. 

Abhai Charan Mitter is a descendant of the Mitter family of Charimandel 
in Vikrampur, Dacca, originally imported from Rarh and stated to have been 
located in Charimandel by Chand Rai and Kedar Rai, the ruling Kayastha 
Sabas of Vikrampur. He is ninth in descent from Devaki Nandan Mitter, 
who first migrated to Charimandel. Born on the 12th May 1839. His 
father's name was Ram Kinker Mitter. He did meritorious service in the 
first Lushai Expedition, both as an explorer and as a contractor for 
transport ; and was kept for some time as a hostage by the Lushais. His 
services were equally valuable to Government in the last Chin -Lushai 
Expedition, when he supplied boats, coolies, and other means of transport, 
notwithstanding the difficulties caused by a severe outbreak of cholera. AVas 
rewarded with the title on ist January 1891. 

Residence. — Chittagong Hill Tracts. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



ABID ALI BAHADUR, KAMR KADE MIRZA, Prince. 
This is the courtesy title of the eldest son of the late King of Oudh. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

ABINAS CHANDRA BANBRJI, Rai Bahddur. 

Born 1846. Son of Babu Navin Chandra Banerji, of Bali, in the district of 
Howrah, Bengal. Educated in the Free Church Institution, Calcutta ; entered 
the service of His Highness the Mahardja of Patidla, 1866; appointed 
Director of Public Instruction, 1869; A.D.C. and Private Secretary to His 
Highness, 1875 ; worked for the organisation of the Bali Sadharani Sabha, a 
Public Association recognised by the Government, and made Secretary thereof, 
1882. In 1883 was elected Vice-Chairman of the Bali Municipality. In 
1887, on the occasion of Her Majesty's Jubilee, received the title of Rai 
Bahadur for good service; elected Chairman of the Bali Municipality in 
1890. Is an Honorary Magistrate. 
Residence. — Bali, Howrah, Bengal. 

ABU SAID, Khdn Bahddur. 

A member of the Carnatic family, and styled Zahir-ud-din Khan Bahd- 
dur. The title was conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic, and was recog- 
nised as a personal one by Government in 1890. 

Residence. — Madras. 

ABU TURAB FARRUKH MIRZA BAHADUR, Prince. 
This is the courtesy title of the fifteenth son of the late King of Oudh. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

ABUBAKR, BBARI, Khdn Bahddur. 

Granted the title of Khan Bahadur, as a personal distinction, 2nd 
January 1893. 

Residence. — Mangalore, Madras. 

ABUL ALI DARAGAH MIRZA BAHADUR, Prince. 
This is the courtesy title of the twentieth son of the late King of Oudh. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

ABUL HASAN, MAULAVI, Shams-ul-Ulama. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887 for 
eminence as an oriental scholar. It entitles him to take rank in Darbir im- 
mediately after titular Nawabs. 

Residence. — Lucknow, Oudh. 

i ABtJL KHAIR MUHAMMAD ABDUS-SUBHAN, MAULAVI, 

Khdn Bahddur. 

V,o^^\.t ^"-fK^^^f ^"''^ ^^^" ^^h^'^'^r- C.LE., of Calcutta. 
Born 27th September 1857. Traces his descent from the celebrated 

dir/[n thT °'/?"' ^'^^^^ ''" ^^"'^' -'"'l^d the " Sword of God," who 
died in the twenty-first year of the Hijrah. Shah Ain-ud-din of Baghdad, a 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



most learned saint, came to India first. Kazi Abdur Rasul was made Klazi 
by the Court of Delhi and sent to Bengal, and the family settled in the 
Faridpur district. Kazi Fakir Muhaminad, one of his descendants, was a 
leading pleader of the Sadar Diwdni and Nizdmat Addlat at Calcutta, and 
was a great oriental scholar, being the author of several works, chief among 
which was an universal history in Persian, called the Jdmi-ut-Tawdrikh. 
His son is the Nawib Abdul Latif Bahadur (?.w.), the father of the sub- 
ject of the present notice. The Khan Bahadur was educated at the Cal- 
cutta Madrasa and the Presidency College, Calcutta, where he was a 
scholar, prizeman, and medallist. Received the title of " Khan Bahadur " 
with his appointment as a Deputy Magistrate and Deputy Collector, on the 
loth September 1884. Vested with first-class Magisterial powers, 1888; 
appointed Secretary of the District Committee of Public Instruction at Arrah 
(Shahabad), 1886; a Member and Vice-Chairman of the District Board, 
Champarun, 1887; and a Municipal Commissioner of Patna, 189 1. Married, 
24th August 1889, Bibi Najmoon-Neesa Khanum, fourth daughter of 
Chowdhry Muhammad Rasheed Khan, Khan Bahadur of Nattore, district 
Rajshahi. 

Residence. — Gya, Bengal. 

ACHAL SINGH (of Kaimahra), Rdjd. 

Born 15th June 1880, and succeeded Raja Narpat Singh in 1886. The 
title is hereditary. The Raja of Kaimahra represents the elder branch of the 
Janwar family, the Raja of Oel representing the junior branch. They were 
originally Chauhan Kshatriyas in the service of the Sayyids of Pihani, having 
migrated from Rajputana in the i6th century. In the time of Sayyid 
Khurd, in 1553, their ancestor Jamni Khan obtained the post of Chaudhri 
of Kheri, with the right to levy a cess on all the lands in that Pargana, At 
a later period, when Than Singh was head of the family, he lived at Oel, with 
the title of Rai. Ajab Singh, who was the uncle and predecessor of the 
grandfather of the present Raja, in 1837 was acknowledged as Raja by the 
tribe, and the title was confirmed as hereditary in 1864. Sleeman states 
that the Raja of Oel attempted to seize the estates of his kinsman, Jodha 
Singh of Kaimahra, grandfather of the present Rija. The mother of the 
latter is the Rini Ranikunwar. 

Residence. — Kheri, Oudh. 

ADAEJI JAMSHBDJI, Khdn Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th October 1885. 
Residence. — Bombay. 



AFGHANISTAN, His Highness the Amir of. 

A Ruling Chief 

His Highness Sir Abdur Rahman Khan, G.C.S.I., Amir of Afghanistan, 
was born about the year 1843, and was placed on the throne by the British 
authorities on the 22nd July 1880. He is a younger son of the late Amir 
Sher All Khan, Amir of Kabul, and lived for some years as an exile, but was 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



brought back after the last Afghan war. The area of the State is about 
270,000 square miles; its population about 4,901,000, chiefly Muham- 
madans. His Highness is entitled to a salute of 2 1 guns ; and maintains a 
military force of 19,500 cavalry, 40,408 infantry, and 210 guns. 
Residence. — Kabul. 



AGAR (RBWA KANTHA), THAKUR GAMBHIR SING-H, 

Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born about 1867 ; is a Muhammadan of Rajput descent. The area of 
the State is about 9 square miles ; its population consists chiefly of Bhils. 
Residence. — Agar, Rewd Kdntha, Bombay. 



AGRA BARKHBRA (BHOPAL), BALWANT SINGH, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Thakur Balwant Singh is a Rajput Chief (Hindu), born about the year 
1827. He succeeded to the title, which is hereditary, on the 9th July 1859. 
The population of the State, which is situated in the Bhopal Agency, Central 
India, is about 4200, and consists chiefly of Hindus. 

Residence. — Agra Barkhera, Bhopil, Central India. 

AHMAD, MAULAVI, Khan Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890 "for loyalty 
and public spirit." 

Residence. — 70 Toltollah Lane, Calcutta, Bengal. 

AHMAD ALI KHAN, Khdn Bahddur. 
The Khan Bahadur has rendered good service on the Survey of India, 
and received the title as a personal distinction on 25th May 1892. 
Residence. — Calcutta. 



AHMAD BAKHSH, SHAIKH, Khdn Bahddur. 
Born 1 81 5. Son of Tir Bakhsh, who was in the service of the Raja of 
Nagpur; and whose ancestor, Malik Bal Lai, settled in the Fatehpur district 
in the reign of Shahab-ud-din Ghori. The Khan Bahadur served in the 
Bengal Light Cavalry from the year 1830; and took part in the campaign 
fpT;^'V f ^^' '" '^32, and in the Afghan war in 1839. He went through 
the Kabul campaigns, and joined in the pursuit of Dost Muhammad. For 
his loyalty during the Mutiny he was rewarded with a khilat, a jdgir (grant 
of lands), and the title of Khan Bahddur, which was conferred on him 
January 1866. 

Residence.— ^s.\.esx^wt, North-Western Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



AHMAD GURIKAL, MANJBRI, Khdn Bahddur. 

Bom 1825 ; granted the personal title of Khan Bahadur for good service 
in the Madras Police, from which he retired on pension in 1888. 

Residence. — Malabar, Madras Presidency. 



AHMAD HASAN KHAN, Nawdb Bahddur. 

Son of the Nawib Kalb Ali Khan, and a grandson of the late Saadat Ali 
Khan, King of Oudh. The title is personal. 



Residence. — Lucknow, Oudh. 



AHMAD HUSAIN KHAN, Nawdb {of Fatehpur). 

Born 1826. The title is hereditary. The family originally came from 
Teheran; its founder, Sayyid Ikram-ud-din Ahmad, accompanied the 
Emperor Humayun on his return from Persia, took service under the Delhi 
emperors, and was appointed a mansabddr by the great Akbar. His great- 
grandson, Muhammad Taki, was in office under the Emperor Alamgir, and 
was succeeded by his son Shah Kuli Khan. The grandson of the latter, 
Nawab Zain-ul-Abdin Khd,n, came to Oudh, was appointed chakladdr of 
Sarkars Kora and Kara under the Oudh Government, and obtained extensive 
jdgirs in the district of Fatehpur from the Nawab Asaf-ud-daula. He was 
succeeded by his son, Nawab Bakar Ali Khan, who transferred his head- 
quarters from Kora Jahanabad to Fatehpur. He was succeeded by his 
brother, Nawab Sayyid Muhammad Khan, the father of the present Nawab. 
The Nawab has two sons — Ali Husain Khan and Bakar Husain Khdn. 

Residence. — Bdkarganj, Fatehpur, North-Western Provinces. 



AHMAD HUSAIN KHAN (of PariAwan), SHAIKH, 
Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1865 ; succeeded 1877. The title is hereditary, and was conferred 
4th December 1877, on Dost Muhammad of Pariawan, on account of his 
services in the Mutiny. The founder of the family is said to have been 
Haji Abdul Rauf, who migrated from Mecca to Ghazni, accompanied 
Shahab-ud-din Ghori when he invaded India, and obtained the estate of 
Pariawan, consisting of eight villages, revenue free, for services rendered. 
Revenue was, however, assessed in the time of Nawab Saadat Ali Khan. 
Shaikh Gulam added to the estate by purchases, and was succeeded by his 
son, Haji Shaikh Dost Muhammad (see above), who did good service in the 
Mutiny, went on pilgrimage to Mecca, and died at Medina. Succeeded by 
his son, the present Khan Bahadur, who is an Honorary Magistrate. He 
has issue, two daughters. 

Residence. — PariSwan, Partdbgarh, Oudh. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



AHMAD KHAN walad MUHAMMAD HUSAIN, Mir. 
The title is hereditary, as being that of a descendant of the ancient Mirs 
of Sind. 

Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 



AHMAD KHAN, JAMADAE, Khdn Saheb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — nth Bengal Lancers, India. 



AHMAD KHAN, SAYYID, CLE. 

Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire, 1st January 1888. 
Residence,— r- 

AHMAD MUHI-UD-DIN, Khdn Bahddur. 

Son of Ibruth Jang BahMur, by a niece of the Hon. Sir Sharful Umra 
Bahadur, K.C.S.I. ; born 1835; married, 1864, to the second daughter of 
His Highness Nawab Zahir-ud-daula, G.C.S.I., second Prince of Arcot. 
Created Khdn Bahddur, 1874. Claims close connection, on both father's and 
mother's sides, with the Nawabs Rulers of the Carnatic. Was present at the 
Imperial Assemblage, Delhi, as a member of the Prince of Arcot's suite ; 
Secretary to the Prince of Arcot, 1877 to 1883. Was delegated to the 
Hyderabad Court, in 1884, by the Muslim community, Madras, for present- 
ing a congratulatory address to His Highness the Nizam, on his accession to 
the masnad. A member of the Madras Muhammadan Library. Founder of 
the Aujuman-i Islamiah of Madras ; which afterward was amalgamated with 
the Madras Central Muhammadan Association, when he was elected as a 
Vice-President of the latter. Vice-President of the Aujuman-i Himayat-i- 
Islam, Madras. Founder of the Muslim Herald, the first Muhammadan- 
English tri-weekly paper in India, which, though not now existing, was 
remarkable for its loyal spirit and moderate tone. 

Residence. — Mylapur and Adyar, Madras. 



AHMAD MUHI-UD-DIN, Khdn Bahddur. 

The Khan Bahadur is a member of the Carnatic family, being a son-in- 
law of His late Highness Zahir-ud-dauld, the second of the titular Princes of 
Arcot. He was born in 1842, and was granted the personal title in 1875. 

Residence. — Madras. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 13 



AHMAD SHAH SAYTID (of Sardhana), Nawdb. 

Born ist January 1835 ; succeeded in 1882. The family are Muswi or 
Mashadi Sayyids, descended from Hayat Ali Musa Raza, and originally 
residing at Paghman near Kabul. On account of services rendered to 
Alexander Barnes in his Kdbul mission, and subsequently to the English in 
their retreat from Kibul, they were expelled from Kabul and settled at 
Sardhana. At the time of the Mutiny, the head of the family, Sayyid 
Muhammad Jin Fishan, Khan Saheb, took the side of the Government at 
once. When the Mutiny occurred at Meerut, he raised a body of horse, 
consisting of his followers and dependents, and officered by himself and his 
relatives ; accompanied General Wilson's force to the Hindan ; was present 
in both actions, and thence to Delhi, where he remained with the head- 
quarters camp till the city was taken, when his men were employed to keep 
order in Delhi. For these eminent services the title of Nawab, with a suit- 
able khilat, was conferred on him. And each of his successors have received 
the title of Nawib for life on succeeding to the estates. 

Residence. — Sardhana, North-Westem Provinces. 

AHMAD-ULLA KHAN, Nawdb. 

Born 1 6th December 1827. The title was conferred on 26th February 
1885. The family claims descent from the Nawab Dadan Khdn, a Governor 
of the Punjab. One of its most illustrious ancestors was Nawab Muhammad 
Khan, who, on account of his loyal services, received the title of Khairandesh 
Khin from the Emperor Alamgir. The Nawab Ahmad-uUa Khan served 
the British Government for twenty-eight years as a Patrol in the Customs 
Department, and retired on pension in 1877 — having distinguished himself 
for his fidelity during the Mutiny, when he was wounded and twice robbed 
by the rebels. He is an Honorary Magistrate of the first class, and Vice- 
President of the Meerut Municipal and District Boards ; in which capacity 
he has been distinguished for his public spirit. 

Residence. — Meerut, North- Western Provinces. 

AHMAD-UN-NISA BBGAM SAHIBA, Nawdb. 
Grand-daughter of His late Highness Azim-ud-daula, the first of the 
titular Nawabs of the Carnatic; granted the personal title of Nawab, 1815. 
Residence. — Madras. 

AHMAD YAR KHAN, Khdn Bahddur. 

The Khan Bahadur has occupied an important position in the police of 
the Quetta-Peshin frontier, and received the tide as a personal distinction on 
25th May 1892. 

Residence. — Quetta, Baluchistan. 

AHSANULLA, THE HON. KHWAJA, C.I.B., Nawdb. 
Son and heir of the Nawab (of Dacca) Khwaja Sir Abdul Ghani, K.C.S.I., 
to whose life reference may be made for particulars of the family. The 
Nawab Ahsanulla, who was born in 1846, has long managed the large family 



14 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

property, and has followed in the footsteps of his father, both as a liberal 
and enlightened landlord, and in his large public benefactions. His sons 
are Khwaja Hafizulla Khin Bahadur and Khwaja Salimulla KhAn Bahadur. 
He is a member of the Legislative Council of Bengal, and belongs to many 
other public bodies. 

Residence. — Dacca, Bengal. 

AIYASWAMI SASTRIYAR, B., Rai Bahddur. 

Born 1836; was granted the personal title in 1887, for good service in 
the Madras Revenue Department. 

Residence. — Kumbhakonam, Tanjore, Madras. 

AJAIG-ARH, BUNDBLKHAND, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAJA 
SAWAI RANJOR SINGH BAHADUR, Mahdrdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 
His Highness was born on the 2gth September 1848, and succeeded to 
the Raj on the 9th September 1859. He is a Bundela Rajput, descended 
from the famous Maharaja Chhatrasal of Panna (g.v.) The second son of 
the Maharaja Chhatrasal was Jagat Raj, from whom are descended both this 
Chief and the Chiefs of Charkhari, Bijawar, and Sarila. His great-grandson, 
Maharaja Bakht Singh of Banda and Ajaigarh, received a sanad from the 
British Government in 1807; and Bakht Singh's great-grandson is the 
present Maharaja. Though Sawai was an old family title it was not recog- 
nised until 1877, when it was added to the title of Maharaj£ at the Delhi 
Imperial Assemblage on the occasion of the proclamation of Her Majesty as 
Empress of India. Ajaigarh has an area of 802 square miles, and a popu- 
lation of 81, 454, chiefly Hindus. His Highness's revenues are Rs.2, 25,000. 
He is entitled to a salute of 11 guns, and maintains a military force of 97 
cavalry, 544 infantry, and 13 guns. The family motto is Randhir Ajai Wir 
(The Steadfast in War is an Unconquered Hero). His Highness has two 
sons— Raja Bahadur Bhopdl Singh, aged 25 years; Diwan Senapati Taipal 
Singh, aged 17 years. 

Residence. — Ajaigarh, Central India. 

AJAMBAR SINGH DEO (of Anandpur), Thdkur. 

Born about 1832. The title is hereditary, and was recognised by 
Government on isth February 1873. The Thakur is connected with the 
Porahat family, which is descended (according to tradition) from a Rajput of 
Jodhpur who made a pilgrimage to Jagannath about twelve or thirteen 
centuries ago. His son is Babu Ajit Narayan Singh Deo. 

Residence. — Singhbhum, Bengal. 

AJRAUDA (WESTERN MALWA), DAULAT SINGH, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

.u Vf^"^^ •^^'''^' ?i"^^ ™' ^°™ ^^°"' *^ ye^^ 1835, and succeeded to 
the title m 1859. He is a Rajput Chief (Hindu). 

Residence. — Ajrauda, Central India. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 15 

AKALKOT, SHAHAJI MALOJI, alias BABA SAHBB RAJB 
BHONSLB, Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 
Rao Saheb Mehrban Shahaji Maloji Raje Bhonsle, alias Baba Saheb, is 
the son of Maloji Raje; born 1867. Is a descendant of the Bhonsle 
family. Educated at Rijiram College, Kolhdpur. Married, 1881, Laxumi- 
bai Saheb, daughter of Dhaibar Killedar of Baroda, and grand-daughter of His 
Highness the late Mahdrd,jd Khanderao Bahddur Gaekwdr of Baroda. Has two 
daughters, Guzra Raje and Putala Raje, aged six and three respectively. 
His accession took place in 1870; but being a minor the management of 
the State was in the hands of the British Government till 1891, when the 
administration of the State was made over to him. His step-grandmother is 
the Lady Kamaljabai Saheb, widow of Shahaji Raje II., alias Appa Saheb. 
His nearest relation is his second cousin, Tulaji Raje Bhonsle, son of the 
late Futtehsing, uncle to the late Maloji Raja. Shahaji Maloji, Sambhaji 
Tulzaji, and Bhavanji Raje of Kurla are the great-grandsons of the late Tulzaji, 
brother of Futtehsing II. The founder of the family was Ranoji, a son of Sayaji 
Lokhanday Patel of Parud in the Sewari Pargand of the province of Aurangabad, 
who, without being formally adopted, was taken by Sivaji, better known as Shao 
Rdjd (the son of Sambhaji and grandson of the great Sivaji), into his family, and 
had the family surname of Bhonsle of the Rdjds of Satara conferred upon him 
under the following circumstances : After the death of the Emperor Aurangzeb, 
Shao Rdjd was released from captivity by the Emperor Bahidur Shah. He was 
on his return to the Deccan, and had encamped at Parud, when he was attacked 
by Sayaji Patel, who appears to have been a partisan of the famous Tarabai 
(widow of Rajaram, who had assumed the reins of government). Sayaji was 
defeated and was killed in the fight. His widow took her three little boys and 
threw herself at the feet of the Rdj^, imploring his forgiveness and his protec- 
tion. The R^jd was moved with compassion, and being naturally of a kind- 
hearted disposition conceived the idea of taking care of the eldest of the children. 
He told the mother that if she would give up the boy, who was under ten years 
of age, he would provide for him, and she gladly gave her consent. Ranoji was 
a good-looking lad, and gained the favour of the 'R.i.]A. It happened that as the 
Rdji continued his march towards Satara some resistance was offered by the 
Bhils on the road, and it was necessary to disperse them. The nominal com- 
mand of the detachment employed on this occasion was given to the boy. The 
Bhils were defeated and dispersed, and the Rij^ was so well pleased with this 
fortunate omen of the child's future career that he changed his name to Futteh- 
sing. Futtehsing grew in favour and remained with the Rdjd at his Court at 
Satara. In 17 10 the \\i.]i. took him into his family and gave him the family 
surname of Bhonsle, and later conferred on him the Akalkot State as an heredi- 
tary y^^zV. Futtehsing died in the year 1760, and was succeeded by his adopted 
son Shdhaji Raje I., alias Baba Saheb, who in turn was succeeded by his elder 
son, Futtehsing II., alias Aba Saheb (the younger was Tulaji, who was granted 
the village of Kurla for maintenance). Futtehsing II. died in 1822, and was 
succeeded by his son Maloji Rdjd I., alias Baba Saheb, who was succeeded by 
his son Shdhaji Raje II., alias Appa Saheb, born 1821, died 1857 (his younger 
brother was Futtehsing). Sh^aji Raje II. was succeeded by his son Maloji 
Rdjd II., alias Buwa Saheb, born 1838, died 1870; succeeded by his son 
Shdhaji Raje III., alias Baba Saheb, the present chief. The area of the State 
is about 498 square miles, and its population is about 58,040, chiefly Hindus, 
though there are nearly 8000 Muhammadans. The Chief maintains a military 
force of 46 men and 7 guns. 

Residence. — Akalkot, Bombay. 



l6 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

AKBAR ALI, Khdn Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 15th March 1887. 
Residence. — Sdtdra, Bombay. 

AKBAB ALI, MIR, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th December 1864. 
Residence. — B ombay . 

AKBAE ALI, MIR, C.S.I., Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was originally conferred by His Highness the 
Nizam of the Deccan. The Khan Bahadur was created a Companion of the 
Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, 4th January 1869. 

Residence. — Hyderabad, Deccan. 

AKHIL CHANDRA MUKHARJI, Rat Bahddur. 

Granted the title of Rai Bahddur, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 
1893. 

Residence. — Calcutta. 

ALAGHASINGHARU BHATTAR, Mahdmahopddhydya. 

Born 1 81 7; was granted the personal title (entitling him to rank in 
Darbar immediately after titular Rajas), for his eminence as a Sanskrit scholar, 
on 15th February 1887, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her 
Most Gracious Majesty. 

Residence. — Srirangam, Trichinopoly, Madras. 

ALAM KHAN, MIR, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 5th September 1883, for 
distinguished military service. The Khan Bahidur holds the high rank of 
Risalddr-Major in Her Majesty's Army. 

Residence. — With ist Punjab Cavalry. 

ALAM SHAH, SAYTID, Kh&n Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Lahore, Punjab. 

ALBBL SINGH (of Lidhran), Sarddr. 

Born in 1824. The title is hereditary, and the Sarddr is descended 
fromSardar Jai Smgh, who joined the Nishanwala misl or confederacy, 
which opposed Zain Khan, the Governor of Sarhind, who was slain in battle. 
Ihe tamily did good service during the Mutiny. 

Residence. — Ludhidna, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 17 

ALI AHMAD, Khdn Bahddur. 

The Khan Bahadur, who is also styled Iktidar Jang Afsar-ud-daula, 
Rafat-ul-Mulk, derived his titles from the Carnatic Nawab ; and they were 
recognised by Government in December 1890. 

Residence. — Madras. 



ALI AHMAD KHAN, 

The title is hereditary, and the Mir is descended from one of the Mirs of 
Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shik^rpur, Sind. 



ALI BAHADUR KHAN (of Saidpur), Rdjd. 

The Rdjd is a Chib Rdjput of very ancient descent. His ancestor, Chib 
Chand, and his descendants long ruled in the neighbourhood of Bhimbar ; 
and one of the latter, Sadip Chand, adopted the Muhammadan faith in the 
Court of the Emperor Babar, and was confirmed by that monarch in his 
possessions, taking the name of Shadab Khan. This Chief acconxpanied the 
Emperor Humayun on many of his expeditions, and was at length killed 
in a quarrel. A descendant, Rajd Sultan Khan, was conquered by the 
Maharaja Gulab Singh of Jammu, who threw him into prison, where he 
died. After the first Sikh war, as the British Government made over 
Kashmir (including Bhimbar) to the Mahdrija Gulab Singh, the Raja Talab 
Singh removed to Saidpur, where the family has since been settled. The 
title is hereditary, and the Raja's son is named Ali Akbar Khan. 

Residence. — Saidpur, Jhelum, Punjab. 



ALI BAKHSH walad FAZL MUHAMMAD KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikirpur, Sind. 



ALI DOST, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1829 j was granted the personal title of Khan Bahadur for good 
service in the Madras PoUce on ist January 1878; retired on pension, 
1888. 

Residence. — North Arcot, Madras. 

ALI DUT KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

C 



i8 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

AT. T GAUHAR walad SHAH MUHAMMAD KHAN, Mir. 
The title is hereditary, as in the last-mentioned case, and for the same 
reason. 

Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

ALI GAUHAR KHAN, KMn Baliddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on gth June 1878. 
Residence. — Punjab. 

ALI HAIDAR walad ALI MUHAMMAD KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, as the Mir is descended from one of the Mirs or 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikirpur, Sind. 

ALI HASAN KHAN, Amir-ud-dauld Ihtisham-ul-Mulk, Bahddur, 

Shujdat Jang. 

The title is personal, and was originally conferred by the late Muhammad 
Ali Shah, formerly King of Oudh, in 1837. He is the grandson of the late 
Saadat Ali Khan, King of Oudh ; and his title was recognised on the 4th 
December 1877. 

Residence.— XAXckxiovi, Oudh. 

ALI HUSAIN walad ALI AHMAD KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, as the Mir is descended from one of the Mirs or 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

ALI HtrSAIN SARDAR MIRZA BAHADUR, Prince. 

The Prince is the fourteenth son of the late King of Oudh, and his title 
is a courtesy title, personal to himself. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

ALI HUSAIN KHAN, Shams-ud-dauld Mukhtar-ul-Mulk, 
Bahddur, Mustakim Jang. 
Is grandson of the late Saadat Ali Khan, King of Oudh. His titles were 
origmally conferred by the late Muhammad Ali Shah, King of Oudh ; and 
were recognised by Government, 4th December 1877. 
Residence. — Lucknow, Oudh. 

ALI JAN, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890. 
Residence. — North-Western Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 19 



ALI KHAN, SAYYID, Nawdb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the celebration of the Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Monghyr, Bengal. 

ALI MADAD KHAN walad SOHRAB KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, as the Mir is descended from one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

ALI MADAD KHAN walad AHMAD KHAN, H.H. Mir, Mir. 

Born 1835. The first title is personal. The second title (Mir) is heredi- 
tary, as His Highness is descended from the old Mirs or Chiefs of Sind. 
Residence. — ShiMrpur, Sind. 

ALI MARDAN KHAN walad RUSTAM KHAN, Mir. 

Born 13th July 1813. The title is hereditary. Belongs to the Suhra- 
bani branch of the Talpur family, formerly Amirs of Sind, being the son of 
Mir Rustam Khan, who was a ruling Amir at the time of the annexation. 
The Mir has two sons — Mehrdb Khan and Khudadad Khan. 

Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 

ALI MAZHAR SAHIB, HAFIZ, Khan Bahddur. 

Connected with the Carnatic family ; was granted the personal title on 
I St June 1888. 

Residence.— YJi.x^xx, Madras. 

ALI MUHAMMAD KHAN walad SADIK ALI KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Sind. 

ALI MUHAMMAD SHAD, SAYYID, Khan Bahddur. 
Is a descendant of the same family as the Nawab Vilayat Ah Khan, 
CLE. (^.».) ; and was granted the title on ist January 1891, in consideration 
of his social position and learning. 

Residence. — Patna, Bengal. 

ALI MUHAMMAD, Mirza. 
The title is hereditary. Is the son of Mirza Khusro Beg. 
Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



ALI MURAD KHAN walad AHMAD KHAN, Mir. 

Born ist September 1835. The title is hereditary; and the Mir is a 
son of the Mir Ahmad Khan of the Shdhwdni branch of the Talpur family, 
formerly Amirs of Sind. 

Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 

ALI NAWAZ walad SADIK ALI KHAN, Mtr. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Sind. 

ALI NAWAZ KHAN walad GHULAM SHAH KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

ALI NAWAZ KHAN walad GHULAM MURTAZA 
KHAN, Mir. 
The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — ShikSrpur, Sind. 

ALIM KHAN, JAMADAR, Khdn Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, for good 
military service, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most 
Gracious Majesty. 

Residence. — With 20th Bengal Infantry. 

ALIPURA, CHHATARPATI, C.S.I., Rao Bahddur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Rao of Alipura was born on the 29th August 1853 ; and succeeded 
to the Raj on the 3rd November 1871. He is a Rajput (Hindu) of the 
Fanhar clan ; and is descended from the Rao Mukund Singh, a Sarddr of 
Panna, whose grandson, Rao Pratap Singh, received a sanadixonx the British 
Government m iSoS. The old title of the family was Sewai Rao ; but Rao 
only was used until the year 1877, when the additional title of Bahadur was 
granted as a personal distinction at the Delhi Imperial Assemblage, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Majesty as Empress of India. The 
area of the State is 69 square miles; its population 14,891, chiefly Hindus. 
The Rao Bahadur was created a C.S.I, on 15th February 1887, on the occa- 
sion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. He maintains 
a military force of 6 cavalry, 277 infantry, and 3 guns. 

Residence.— l<!;:v^nx!i, Bundelkhand, Central India. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



ALIRAJPUR, RANA PARTAB SINGH, Rdnd of. 
A Ruling Chief (minor). 

The Rana Partab Singh is a minor. He was born about the year 1881, 
and succeeded to the Rdj on the 14th February 189 1. He is a Sisodiya 
Rdjput, said to be descended from the family of His Highness the 
Maharand of Udaipur. The area of the State is 836 square miles; its 
population is 56,827, chiefly Hindus, but including nearly 19,000 Bhils. 
The Rana is entitled to a salute of 9 guns, and maintains a military force 
of II cavalry, 169 infantry, and 7 guns. 

Residence. — ^Alirdjpur, Bhopdwar, Central India. 

ALLAH BAKHSH walad ALI BAKHSH, Mir. 

Born I St October 1865. The title is hereditary, the Mir being a son of 
Mir Ali Bakhsh of the Shahwini branch of the Talpur family, formerly 
Amirs of Sind. 

Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 

ALLAH BAKHSH walad GHULAM MURTAZA 
KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

ALLAH BAKHSH walad GHULAM- HUSAIN KHAN, Mir. 
The title is hereditary, for the same reason as above. 
Residence. — Shikirpur, Sind. 

ALLAH BAKHSH, MUNSHI, Khdn BaUdur. 

Granted the title of Khdn Bahidur as a personal distinction, in promo- 
tion from that of Khdn Saheb, 2nd January 1893. 
Residence. — Meshed. 

ALLAH RAKHIO walad GHULAM MURTAZA KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

ALLAHDAD KHAN, Nawdb. 

The title is hereditary, and the present Nawab, in 1889, succeeded his 
father, Nawab Sarfaraz Khan, C. S. I. Sarbuland Khan, the founder of the family, 
and the first Nawab of Mankerah, was an Afghan of the Saddozai, a ruling 
race of Kabul, and held the government of the Derajat under the Nawdb of 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



Multan. Subsequently he obtained, through the Kabul Government, 
possession of the Mankerah territory, and took up his residence at Bhakkar 
on the Indus. On his death in 1816 he was succeeded by Hafiz Ahmad 
Khan, his daughter's son, who was the great-grandfather of the present 
Nawab. He was succeeded by his son. Shah Nawaz Khdn; and in the 
latter's time, Ranjit Singh, after the conquest of Multan, besieged and took 
Mankerah. A treaty was, however, subsequently concluded, by which the 
Nawab was left in possession of a considerable territory. He was succeeded 
by his son, Nawab Sarfaraz Khan ; and the latter by his son, the present 
Nawab. 

Residence. — Dera Ismail Kh£n, Punjab. 

ALLAHDAD KHAN walad AHMAD KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 

ALLAHDAD KHAN walad WALIDAD KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

ALLAHDAD KHAN, RAISANI, MIR, Khdn Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Khanak and Barkhan, Baluchistan. 

ALTAP HUSAIN, SHAIKH (of Luoknow), Khdn Eahddur. 

Born 1842. The title is personal, and was conferred on 29th May 
1886. The Khan Bahadur is a son of the late Shaikh Kasim Ali, who was 
chakladdr in the time of Amjad Ah Shah. Is an Honorary Magistrate, and 
Member of the Municipal and District Boards, Cawnpur. 

Residence. — Cawnpur, North-Western Provinces. 

ALUMAL TRIKAMDAS BHOJVANI, Rao Saheb, 
Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1889. 
Residence. — Karachi, Sind. 

ALVA (REWA KANTHA), THAKUR RASUL KHAN, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 
Was born about the year 1875, and is a Muhammadan of Rajput descent. 
The area of the State is about 3 square miles, and its population consists 
chiefly of aboriginal Bhils. 

Residence. — Alva, Rewi Kfetha, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 23 



ALWAR, His Highness the Mahdrdjd Sawai of. 

His Highness the Maharaja is a minor, and only succeeded to the 
Raj in the year 1892, on the death of the late Maharaja, Lieutenant- 
Colonel His Highness the Maharaja Sawai Sir Mangal Singh Bahadur, 
G.C.S.I. He is a Rdjput (Hindu) of the Naruka clan, and is descended 
from Pratdp Singh, Rao of Macheri. The latter, on becoming Rija of Raj- 
garh, took the title of Rao Rdja of Macheri ; and subsequently, on bringing 
the whole of Alwar into subjection, he assumed the title of Mahirao 
Rdjd, and proclaimed his independence in 1770 a.d. The family was an 
offshoot from the ruling family of Jaipur. The area of the State is 3024 
square miles; its population 682,926, chiefly Hindus (but including more 
than 150,000 Muhammadans). His Highness is entitled to a salute of 15 
guns, and maintains a military force of 2189 cavalry, 3676 infantry, and 351 
guns. The revenue of the State is Rs. 2 6, 5 8, 7 9 2. 

Residence. — Alwar, Rdjputina. 



AMALA, RAJA RATAN SINGH, Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Raja was born about the year 1841, and is of Bhil descent. The 
State, which is one of the Ding States, in Khandesh, is about 119 square 
miles in area ; and its population, which consists chiefly of Bhils, Konknas, 
and other aboriginal tribes, is about 5300. 

Residence. — Amala, Khcindesh, Bombay. 



AMAN SINGH, Rao. 

Born 14th August 1876. The title is hereditary, and the traditional 
account of its origin is, that Raja Chhatarsal gave the village of Salaiyah in 
Pargand, Panwari in dowry to Sabha Singh, Panwar Thakur, to whom the 
Rdji's daughter was married, together with the title of Rao, which the family 
have ever since enjoyed. Rao Aman Singh's grandfather was Rao Nawal 
Singh. 

Residence. — Hamirpur, North-Western Provinces. 



AMAN SINGH (of Bhandra), Rdjd. 

The title is hereditary, and was originally derived from Raji Nizim Shd,h 
of Mandla. The title was conferred on Raja Nirpat Singh, grandfather of 
the present Raja. The latter's son is Kunwar Hanman Singh. 

Residence.— '^\is.vAx3., Jabalpur, Central Provinces. 



AMANAT PATIMA (of Basitnagar), 
See Basitnagar. 



24 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



AMAR CHAND, Rdjd. 

The Rajd, whose family is of Rdjput (Katoch) origin, succeeded his 
father, Rdji Sir Jodbhir Singh, in 1873. Sir Jodbhir Singh was brother-in- 
law of the Maharajd Ranjit Singh of Lahore, and was created a Knight of the 
Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, and granted a personal salute of 7 
guns, by the Government. He has several sons, of whom the eldest is Mian 
Narindar Singh. 

Residence.— '^sAsxax, Kdngra, Punjab. 



AMAR SINGH, Rai. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 30th August 1859. 
Residence. — Muzaffarnagar, North- Western Provinces. 



AMAR SINGH (of Rdmgarh), Midn. 

The title is hereditary. The family is of Rijput origin, and claims 
descent from Singar Chand, Rdja of Bilaspur (Kahlur). A descendant of 
Raja Singar Chand, named Khushal Singh, conquered Ramgafh and the 
adjoining territories, and built a fort at Ramgarh. 

Residence. — Rdmgarh, Ambila, Punjab. 



AMAR SINGH, Sarddr. 

Bom 1858. The title is hereditary. The family is of Jat origin, and is 
descended from Sardar Sujan Singh, who took possession of Shahkotand ten 
neighbouring villages in 1759 on the decline of the Mughal Empire. His 
successors were reduced to submission by Sardar Fateh Singh Ahluwalia, and 
subsequently by the Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore. 

Residence. — Shdhkot, J^andhar, Punjab. 

AMAR SINGH (of BaUoki), Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Jdlandhar, Punjab. 

AMAR SINGH (of Naugaza), Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Jdlandhar, Punjab. 



AMAR SINGH, Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence.~Q,nyiixi-viSS.2., Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK Of INDIA 25 

AMAE SINGH, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence. — Punjab. 



AMARENDRA KRISHNA DEB, 

Fourth son of the late Rija Kali Krishna Deb Bahddur, and a de- 
scendant of the famous Mahdrajd Navakissen Deb Bahidur, the founder of 
the Sobha Bazdr Rij family of Calcutta. 

Residence. — No. r Rdjd Kally Kissen's Street, Calcutta, Bengal. 



AMBIKA CHARAN RAI, Rai Bahddur. 

Born in 1827, at Behala, near Calcutta; son of the late Bibu Durga 
Prasad Rai. Is twelfth in descent from Raja Gajendranath Rai, who was a 
Minister in the Court of Delhi in the reign of the Emperor Jahangir. The 
family was settled at Anarpur near Dum-dum, but removed to Behala to- 
wards the close of the last century, on account of the Mahratta raids. The 
Rai Bahidur entered the service of Government in 1842, and in 1862 was 
appointed Chief Translator of the Calcutta High Court, Appellate Side. 
Has taken an active and enlightened part in municipal affairs, especially in 
connection with the South Suburban Municipality, of which he has been 
the elected Chairman ever since the introduction of the elective system. 
He has also been distinguished for public benefactions, in the building of 
schools, digging of tanks, and in other ways. On the occasion of Her 
Majesty's Jubilee he obtained from Government the title of Rai Bahadur, 
and a gold medal with the following inscription : " Presented by Govern- 
ment to Umbica Churn Roy, Zaminddr, Chief Translator, High Court, and 
Chairman, South Suburban Municipality, with the title of Rai Bahadur, in 
recognition of meritorious and faithful services to the State and Public. 
Presented on the occasion of Her Majesty the Queen Empress's Jubilee, 
1 6th February 1887, to Umbica Churn Roy of Behala, 24-Pergunnahs." 
He has four sons — Surendranath Rai, B.A., B.L., of the High Court, Cal- 
cutta ; Satyendranath Rai ; Amarendranath Rai ; Devendranath Rai. 

Residence. — Behala, Bengal. 



AMETHI, Rdjd of. See Madho Singh of Amethi. 

AMIN CHAND (of Bijwara), Sarddr Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1887. The 
Sardar Bahadur served for many years under the Punjab Government as 
Extra Assistant Commissioner and Assistant Settlement Officer, and was 
subsequently Judicial Assistant Commissioner and Judge of the Small Cause 
Court of Ajmir. He is of a Khatri family ; his son is Ram Chand. 

Residence. — Bijwdra, Hoshiirpur, Punjab. 



26 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



AMIR AHMAD, SAYTID, Shams-ul-Ulama. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty's reign, for eminent 
oriental scholarship. It entitles the holder to take rank in Darbar im- 
mediately after titular Nawd,bs. 

Residence. — North-Western Provinces. 



AMIR ALI, THE HON. SAYYID, CLE. 

Is a Puisne Judge of the High Court of Calcutta. He was created a 
Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, 1 5th February 
1887, in recognition of his position as an eminent member of the Calcutta 
Bar. Belongs to a family that claims descent from the Prophet. 

Residence. — Calcutta. 



AMIR ALI, SAYYID, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 21st July 1877. 
Residence. — Delhi, Punjab. 

AMIR ALI KHAN walad PAZL MUHAMMAD KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

AMIR HASAN, SAYYID, Khdn. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Allahabad, North- Western Provinces. 



AMIR HUSAIN, SAYYID, CLE. 

Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire, ist January 1888. 

Residence. — 



AMIR MUHAMMAD KHAN, JAMADAR, Khdn Saheb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty's reign, for military 

Residence. — With i ith Bengal Lancers. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 27 



AMIR SHAH, SAYYID, Khdn Bahddur. 

The Khan Bahadur received the title as a personal distinction on 25th 
May 1892. Is an Assistant Surgeon in the Medical Service, and Lecturer in 
Chemistry in the Lahore Veterinary Surgeon. 

Residence. — Lahore, Punjab. 

AMIR, SHAIKH, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1889. 
Residence. — Bombay. 

AMJAD ALI, SAYYID, Sarddr Bahddur. 

Son of Sayyid Anwar Ali. The title was conferred for eminent services 
in the Mutiny. His son is Sayyid Kasim Ali, Honorary Magistrate of 
Delhi. 

Residence. — Delhi, Punjab. 

AMLIYARA THAEUR JALAMSINGHJI AMARSINGHJI, 

Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 
The Thdkur, who is a Hindu of Koli (aboriginal) descent, was born 
about the year i860, and succeeded to the gadi on the 23rd April 1876. 
The State (which is in Mahi Kantha, Bombay Presidency) contains an area 
of about 157 square miles, and a population (chiefly Hindu) of 12,437. 
Residence. — Amliydra, Mdhi Kintha, Bombay. 

AMRIK SINGH, CHHACHI, Sarddr. 

Born 1836. The title is hereditary. Is son of Sardar Nehal Singh, who 
married the only daughter of Sardar Gurmukh Singh, and was allowed to take 
the name of Chhachi and to succeed to his father-in-law's jdgir. Sardar 
Nehal Singh did valuable service to Government in the rebellion of 1848; 
and for his loyalty in the time of the Mutiny received an additional /(^^zV. 
In 1857 the present Sardar (then Amrik Singh, eldest son of Sardar Nehal 
Singh) raised a risala of mounted police and took them down to Oudh, 
where they did excellent service. 

Residence, — Rawalpindi, Punjab. 

AMRIE SINGH, HASSANWALIA, SARDAR, Rat Bahddur. 

Granted the title of Rai Bahadur, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 
1893. 

Residence. — Punjab. 

AMULAE SHIVDAS, Rao Saheb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. 
Residence. — Ahmadabad, Bombay. 



28 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

ANANDA DIN, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1883. 
Residence. — Indore, Central India. 

ANANDA GAJAPATI "RAZ, Mahdrdjd Sir F., G.C.I.E. 
See Vizianagram. 

ANANDATONAI RAI, Jidjd Rai. 

This is one of the titles that appear not to have been formally recognised 
by Government. It was originally conferred for approved service by the 
Emperor of Delhi. The earliest Rajas were Raja Pratapaditya Rai and Raja 
Basanta Kumar Rai. 

Residence. — Khulna, Bengal. 

ANANTA CHARLU, P., Rai Bahddur. 

Born 1844 ; is an advocate of the High Court, Madras, and appointed 
Member of the Madras Municipal Commission in 1884. Granted the 
personal title in 1887. 

Residence. — Madras. 

ANTAEJI NARAYAN KOTNIS, Rao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence. — Vingurla, Bombay. 

ANTHONY, MAUNG-, Thuye-gaung Ngweda ya Min. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 1st January 1890. It means 
" Recipient of the Silver Sword for Bravery," and is indicated by the letters 
T.D.M. after the name. 

Residence. — Legaing, Burma. 



APJI AMAR SINGH, Rao Bahddur. 

conferred on i( 
Majesty's reign. 
Residence. — Kotah, Rdjputdna. 



T J^^ r'ix ^f/o"ferred on i6th February 1887, on the occasion of the 
Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. 



APPAJI RAOJI, Rao Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 9th April 1883. 
Residence. — Sholapur, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 29 



APPU SASTEIYAR, S., Rao Bahddur. 

Born 1855; was granted the personal title in 1889 for services to 
education. 

Residence. — Kumbhakonam, Tanjore, Madras. 



ARGOT, Prince of. See Muhammad Munawwar Ali, Khdn Bahddur, 

Prince of Arcot. 

ARGOT, THE PRINCESS OF, Nawdb. 
The title is a personal one, recognised in 1886. 
Residence. — ^^Madras. 

ARDESAR DORABJI (of Ahmadabad), Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1889. 
Residence. — Ajmir. 

ARJUN SINGH (of Ghahal), Sarddr. 

Born 1845 j succeeded his father Sardar Joala Singh in 1852. The title 
is hereditary. The Sardar comes of a Chahal Jat family. Its founder, Katha 
Singh, was in the service of the Bhangi Sardars, who had taken possession of 
Lahore in 1764; and his son Karm Singh, on the overthrow of the Bhangi 
chiefs, took service with the Mahariji Ranjit Singh, and ultimately became 
one of his most powerful Sardars. He was killed in the battle of Theri on 
the Yusufzai border ; and his eldest son, Sardar Gurmukh Singh, died of 
cholera at Kohat. Sardar Joala Singh, father of the present Sarddr, was at 
this time only four years old ; so the Maharaja Ranjit Singh resumed many 
of the jdgirs of the family. 

Residence.- — Amritsar, Punjab. 



ARUMUGAM PILLAI, M., Rao Bahddur. 

Born i860 ; was granted the personal title for good service in the Madras 
Revenue Department. 

Residence. — Ponneri, Chengalpat, Madras. 



ARUR SINGH (of Naushahara Nangal), Sarddr. 

Of a Shergil Jat family. The title is hereditary; the founder of the 
family was Sardar Mirza Singh, who joined the Kanahayya confederacy. 
His son, Sardar Kanh Singh, and his grandson, Sardar Jassa Singh, were in 
the service of the Majithia Chief. 

Residence. — Amritsar, Punjab. 



30 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



ASAD KHAN, C.I.E., Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary, as the Sardar is the Chief of the Sarawan Brahuis. 
He was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire, ist January 1878. 

Residence. — Baluchistan. 



ASAD-ULLA KHAN, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd January i 
Residence. — Meerut, North-Western Provinces. 



ASGHAR ALI, SAYYID, C.S.I., Nawdb Bahddur. 

Born about the year 1831 ; son of the Nawab Tahwar Jang. The Sayyid 
is the descendant and representative of the famous Nawab Muhammad Reza 
Khan Bahadur, otherwise known as Muzafifar Jang, the Naib Subahdar of 
Bengal, who rendered very faithful service to Government in the time of 
Lord Clive. The title of Nawab Bahadur was conferred on him in 1862, as 
a personal distinction, "in consideration of his descent from a noble of 
historical reputation, his father's liberal patronage of native education, and 
his unblemished reputation." Has been a Member of the Bengal Legislative 
Council, and a Municipal Commissioner for the town of Calcutta. Created 
C.S.L in 1866. 

Residence. — 156 Lower Circular Road, Calcutta, Bengal. 



ASGHAR EBZA, SAYTID, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the celebration of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. Is a pro- 
minent Zdmindar (landowner) of Krishnaganj in Purniah, Bengal. 

Residence.— Vxxxmah, Bengal. 

ASHRAF-UD-DIN AHMAD, SAYYID, Khdn Bahddur. 

Mutawali of the Hughli Imdmbard. Created a Khan Bahadur, as a 
personal distinction, 2nd January 1893. 
Residence. — Hughli, Bengal. 

ASKARAN, SETH, Rao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1889. 
Residence. — Raipur, Central Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



31 



ASMAN JAH BAHADUR, His Excellency the Nawdb Sir, K.C.I.E. 
Prime Minister of the Deccan. 

Born in 1839. Is great-grandson of Mir Nizd,m-ud-din Khdn, the second 
Nizdm of the Deccan ; and one of the three Premier Nobles of the Hydera- 
bad State, known as the illustrious Shamsiya family. His Excellency's family 
name is Muhammad Mazahr-ud-din Khan, and his full titles are Rafath 
Jang, Bashir-ud-daula, Umdat-ul-Mulk, Azam-ul-Umara, Amir-i-Akbar, Asmdn 
Jah Bahadur. The Begam Bashir-un-Nissa Sahiba, daughter of the second 
Nizdm, was married to the Nawab Tej Jang, Shams-ul-Umara, Amir-i-Kabir ; 
and the sons of this royal marriage were the Nawab Muhammad Sultan-ud- 
din Khan Sabkat Jang, Bashir-ul-Mulk (father of His Excellency), and the 
Nawab Muhammad Rafi-ud-din Khan Umdat-ul-Mulk. The former died 
before his father. The latter succeeded to the titles of Shams-ul-Umara, 
Amir-i-Kabir; and in 1869, on the death of His Highness the Nizam Afzul- 
ud-daula, became Co-Regent of Hyderabad with the late Sir Salar Jang, in 
consequence of the minority of His Highness the present Nizam. Under 
the Regency the present Prime Minister held the important office of Minister 
of Justice, as it was considered essential that at such a time that post should 
be occupied by one of the highest nobles of the State; and in 1875, when 
the late Sir Salar Jang was absent in Europe, His Excellency, in conjunction 
with another nobleman, acted as Prime Minister and Regent, and received 
the thanks of the Government of India for the skill and ability displayed 
in this exalted capacity. On subsequent occasions also he occasionally 
acted for the late Prime Minister during the absence of the latter from 
Hyderabad. With his brother he acted as the representative of his 
uncle, the then Co-Regent, on the occasion of the reception of His Royal 
Highness the Prince of Wales at Bombay; and he also accompanied 
His Highness the Nizam to the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi in 1877, 
and received the Delhi Medal. In 1877 the Amir-i-liabir died, and 
in 1883, on the death of Sir Salar Jang, the Nawab became a member 
of the Council of Regency, and acted as administrator of the State 
during the visit to Calcutta of His Highness the Nizam and the two adminis- 
trators later in the same year. In 1887 he was deputed by His High- 
ness as his representative in London on the auspicious occasion of the Jubilee 
of Her Most Gracious Majesty's reign, and maintained the dignity of his 
illustrious kinsman's position, as First Prince of the Empire, with an ability 
and liberality that left nothing to be desired. His Excellency had the honour 
of being personally presented to Her Majesty the Empress at Windsor Castle. 
Before his return to the Deccan he was chosen by His Highness for the 
highest post in the State, that of Prime Minister ; and in this great and 
arduous office, his conspicuous success has gained the hearty approval of His 
Highness, and the congratulations of the whole world. With the loyal and 
brotherly co-operation of his distinguished kinsman, His Excellency the 
Vikar-ul-Umara (also one of the three Premier Nobles of the State), and all 
the most able statesmen of Hyderabad, he has raised the government of 
His Highness the Nizam's territories to the highest state of efficiency and 
enlightenment. On the auspicious occasion of the celebration of the Jubilee 
of the reign of Her Majesty the Queen Empress in 1887, he was created a 
Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire ; and 



32 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

the speech of the British Resident, when investing him with the insignia on 
that occasion, bore ample testimony to the appreciation of the Imperial 
Government. Similar sentiments were expressed by the late Viceroy of 
India, Lord Dufiferin, on the occasion of Sir Asman J£h's visit to Calcutta 
in 1888. 

Sir Asman Jah, like his noble kinsman, the Vik^r-ul-Umara, is famous 
for his unbounded hospitality, for his proficiency as a sportsman, and in other 
accomplishments of social life ; and both these noblemen, like their kinsman 
Sir Khurshid Jdh, K.C.I.E., have shared the fortune of their ancestor the 
Nawib Tej Jang, Shams-ul-Umara, Amir-i-Kabir, in allying themselves by 
marriage with Princesses of the Royal House of Hyderabad. 

Residences. — Bashir Bagh, Hyderabad ; Sarumagar, Hyderabad ; Johinnuma, 
Hyderabad. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 33 

ASMAN JAH BAHADUR, MIRZA, Prince. 
The title is the courtesy title of the second son of the late King of Oudh. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

ASOTHAR, Rdjd of. See Lachhman Parshad Singh. 



ATA HUSAIN, SAYYID, Nawdb. 

Born i860. The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 
1887, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious 
Majesty. Married the daughter of His late Highness the Nawab Muntazim- 
ul-Mulk, Mohsin-ud-dauM Faridun Jah Sayyid Mansur Ali Khin Bahddur 
Nasrat Jang Nazim of Murshidabad ; and has issue Mahi-ud-din Husain, born 
1885 ; and Main-ud-din Husain, born 1887. Is descended from Sayyid Khdn 
Dastur, a Persian follower of the Emperor Humayun, distinguished for his 
bravery, who became Zaminddr of Surjyapur, Purniah, in the Subah of Bengal. 
Succeeded by his son-in-law Sayyid Rai Khan, who obtained d^farmdn from the 
great Akbar Shah, Emperor of Delhi ; and Sayyid Rai KhAn's son. Raja Sayyid 
Raja, obtained the title of Raja from Shah ShujA, Nazim of Bengal, in the year 
of the Hijrah 1052. After several generations one of his descendants, Raja 
Sayyid Muhammad Jalal of Surjyapur, was defeated by the Nawab Saulat Jang 
at his fort of Jalalgarh, as recorded in the Siyar-ul-Mutakharin. His grandson, 
Rdja Sayyid Faqr-ud-din Husain, was a distinguished Zaminddr ; he took the 
decennial settlement from the British Government. Succeeded by his son. 
Raja Sayyid Dedar Husain ; and the latter by his son, Rdja Sayyid Inayat 
Husain (father of the present Nawib), who rendered good service to Govern- 
ment both during the Mutinies and in the Bhutan war of 1864. The 
Nawdb Sayyid Ata Husain is an Honorary Magistrate of the Krishnaganj 
subdivision, a Member of the Central Committee of the Imperial Institute 
in India, and a Life-Member of Lady Dufferin's Fund. 

Residence. — Khagra, Pargand Surjyapur, Purniah, Bengal. 



ATA MUHAMMAD KHAN, KHAGWANI, Nawdb. 

Is a descendant of the Khagwani (Afghan) family, and was created a 
Nawdb in 1875. His father, a distinguished soldier named Gholdm Sarwar 
Khdn, accompanied Major Lumsden to Kandahar, and on his death the 
Nawab Ata Muhammad Khan succeeded 'to the command of his troop. Was 
selected by General Nicholson, who summoned him from Bannu in 1857, to 
join his movable column ; greatly distinguished himself in the subsequent 
campaigns, and on one occasion bravely saved the life of a British ofificer, 
Lieutenant Humphrey. The Nawab was selected to succeed Nawab Gholam 
Hasan Khan as the British representative at the Court of the Amir of 
Kdbul. He has five sons — Ahmad Khdn, Muhammad Khan, Muhammad 
Nawdz Khdn, Mahmud Khdn, and Hamid Khdn. 

Residence. — Dera Ismail Khdn, Punjab. 



34 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



ATA MUHAMMAD, SHAIKH, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1889 for distin- 
guished service in the Medical Department. 
Residence. — Hodeida. 

ATAR SINGH (of Bhadaur), Sarddr Sir, K. CLE. 

Son of Sardar Khark Singh; born 1833; is Chief of Bhadaur, a branch 
of the Phul family, from which descend the Chiefs of Patiala, Jind, and 
Ndbha ; educated in Sanskrit at Benares ; rendered good service to British 
Government during Mutiny, 1857 (thanked by Government and exempted 
from payment of six months' commutation-tax) ; elected a Member of Asiatic 
Society of Bengal 1869, of Senate of Punjab University (then University 
College) 1870, of Anjuman-i-Punjab 1870, and Vice-President thereof 1880, 
and in that year Patron of the Sat-Sabha Punjab, and Member of the Sri- 
Guru-Singh Sabha, Lahore, and of the Bengal Philharmonical Society; in 
1877, on the occasion of the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi, received the 
title of "Malaz-ul-Ulama-ul-Fazila"; removed his Library of English, 
Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit, and Gurmukhi books from Bhadaur to Ludhiana, 
where it was pubhcly opened on 24th May 1878; in 1873 translated the 
Sakhee Book, or doctrines of the Sikh religion, from Gurmukhi into English, 
in 1876 the Travels of Guru Tej Bahadur and Guru Gobind Singh, a.nd in 
1875-76, for the Government, several chapters of the Granth (Sikh Scriptures) 
into Urdu (thanked by Government and Secretary of State) ; appointed 
Member of General Committee of Darbar Sahib (Golden Temple), Amritsar, 
1883, and Vice-President and Trustee, Khalsa College Establishment 
Committee, 1890; founded Sri-Guru-Singh Sabha at Ludhiana and made 
President thereof 1884; granted, 1887, the title of Mahamahopadhyaya 
(entitling him to rank in Darbar immediately after titular Rajas) ; President 
of the Khalsa Divan ; Life-Member of the Punjab Branch of the Countess 
of Dufferin's Fund; created CLE. 1880, K.C.I.E. 1888; appointed 
Member of the Committee of Management of the Aitchison Chiefs' College, 
Lahore. 

Residence. — Bhadaur House, Ludhidna, Punjab, India. 

ATHGARH, RAJA SRI KARAN BHAGIRATHI BIWARTA 
PATNAIK, jRdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

The Raja, who is a Hindu of Kayasth descent, was born about the year 
1844, and succeeded to the gadi on the 8th February 1869. Descended 
from the Rdjd Niladri Deo Barman, who founded this State in very early 
times by conquest ; and twenty-seven generations have intervened between 
him and the present Rdjd. The State is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals, 
Bengal ; its area is about 168 square miles, and its population (chiefly Hindus) 
is about 31,000. The Rajd maintains a military force of 341 men. 

Residence. — Athgarh, Orissa, Bengal. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 35 



ATHMALIK, MAHARAJA MAHBNDEA DEO SAWANT, 

Mahdrdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

The Mahdrijd, who is a Hindu of Kshatriya descent, was born about 
the year 1848, and succeeded to the gadi on the 4th February 1877. This 
State is said to have been founded by one Pratap Deo, who, with seven other 
brothers of the Rajd of Jaipur, came with their famihes on a pilgrimage to 
Puri. For some reason or other they had a quarrel with the Rija of Puri, by 
whom two of the brothers were put to death. The remaining five brothers 
fled for their lives to the hills, and settled at Bonai, of which they took 
possession, and of which one of the brothers was made Raja. The sister of 
this Rajd of Bonai married Balbhadra Bhanj, a brother of the Keunjhar Raja, 
who, having plotted to dethrone his brother, was put to death by him. 
Balbhadra's wife fled to Bonai, and although the Raja of Keunjhar sent 
ambassadors there to bring her back, Pratap Deo refused to allow her to 
return, and went with her to Ramganj in Bod, where she gave birth to a son. 
At that time a Brahman named Gobardhan Deo was Rajd of Bod, and as 
his only son was dead, he adopted Pratip Deo's nephew as his son and heir. 
At this time a Rajd who was a Dom by caste was ruling on the north of the 
Mahanadi. Pratap Deo defeated him, and becoming ruler of his dominions, 
founded a village and named it Pratap-pur after himself. The elevated 
plain across the Handpagarh is, to the present day, renowned as the 
garh of the Dom Rajd ; and a village called Pratap-pur still exists near it. 
Pratdp Deo found a handa (metal top) in a tank which he was excavating 
there, and gave the place and the State the name of Handpa. In course of 
time one of the Chiefs who ruled after Pratdp Deo divided the State into 
eight subdivisions, and placed a Chief over each, with a view of bringing 
the aborigines into subjection. Hence the State changed its name from 
Handpa to Athmalik ("eight chiefs"). The State (which is one of the 
Orissa Tributary Mahals) has an area of 730 square miles. Its population, 
21,774, is chiefly Hindu; but there are more than 5000 aboriginal hill-men. 
The Mahardja has a military force of 360 men and i gun. 

Residence. — Athmalik, Orissa, Bengal. 



36 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

ATMA SINGH (of Padhana), Sarddr. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd January 1888. 
Residence. — Lahore, Punjab. 

ATMARAM BABA (of Gursarai), Rdjd Bahddur. 

Born 1 83 1. The title was conferred on and September 1882. The 
Raja is a Dakhani Pandit (Mahardshtra Brahman) whose family settled in 
Gursarai under the Peshwas. Dinkar Rao Ana was sent from Puna, after 
the death of Gobind Rao Bundela, Subahddr of Jalaun, to manage the 
Jalaun district and other territories of the PeshwA in Bundelkhand. His 
second son was the Raja Kesho Rao Dinkar, father of the present R£j4; 
who, with his four sons, performed the most eminent military services to the 
Government throughout the Mutiny in every part of the much-disturbed 
Jhansi division, and received in acknowledgment the title of Raja Bahadur 
with a khilat and valuable grants. His son succeeded him in 1882. 

Residence. — Gursarai, Pargand Garotha, Jhansi, North- Western Provinces. 



ATTAR SINGH (of Maloha), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary; and the Sardar belongs to a Khatri family, 
descended from the Sarddr Dydl Singh, whose sons were dispossessed of 
much of their territory by the Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore. 

Residence. — Maloha, Ambdla, Punjab. 



AULAD ALI, MAULAVI SHAIKH, Khdn Bahddur. 

Was an Assistant Superintendent of Police, Bengal, and in that capacity 
rendered valuable services to the Government. He has subsequently taken 
an active and useful part in the municipal work of Gya, where he has been 
an Honorary Magistrate and Member of the District Board and Municipal 
Committee. 

Residence. — Gya, Bengal. 

AULAD HUSAIN, CLE., Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. He was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the 
Indian Empire, ist January 1882. 

Residence. — Raipur, Central Provinces. 

AUNDH, SHRINIVAS PARASHURAM, Pant Pratinidhi of. 

A Ruling Chief. 
The Pant Pratinidhi of Aundh, who is a Hindu Chief of Brahman 
descent, was born on the 27th November 1833, and succeeded to the gadi 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 37 

on nth June 1848. He was a Member of the Bombay Legislative Council 
from 1866 to 1868. He has four sons — Parashuram Rao, Gangadhar Rao, 
Bhawan Rao, and Bhagwant Rao. The State was formerly a feudatory of 
Sdtara ; and this was indicated by the title Pratinidhi, which meant " the 
likeness or representation of the Raja," and was conferred on the Pratinidhi 
Parashurdm Trimbak during the reign of the Rajd Rajaram Maharaj of 
Satara. The title of Pant was adopted by Parashuram Pratinidhi in 1846, 
on which occasion he paid a nazar of Rs. 2 5,000 to the Raja of Sdtdra. 
Residence. — Aundh, Sitira, Bombay. 



AUNG GYI, MAUNG-, Kyet Thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. It means 
" Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour," and is indicated by the letters 
K.S.M. after the name. 

Residence. — Ye-u, Burma. 

AUTAR SINGH (of Mananali), Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Ambdla, Punjab. 



AVCHAR, NAIK YBSHWANT BADAL, Naik of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Naik, who is a Bhil (of aboriginal descent), was born about the 
year 1877. The area of the State (which is one of the Dang States in 
Khandesh, Bombay) is about 8 square miles, with a scanty population of 
about 500 Bhils. 

Residence. — Avchar, Khdndesh, Bombay. 

AYODHYANATH MISR SAMAVBDI, PANDIT, 

Mahdmahopddhydya. 

The title is personal (entitling the holder to take rank in Darbar immedi- 
ately after Rajas), and was conferred on ist January 1890, for eminence in 
oriental scholarship. 

Residetice. — MuzafFarpur, Bengal. 

AZAM ALI, SAYYID, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd September 1853. 
Residence. — Murshidabad, Bengal. 



AZAM GAURISHANKAR UDBSHANKAR, C.S.I. 

See Gaurishankar. 



38 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



AZAM SHAH, Rdjd. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Ndgpur, Central Provinces. 

AZIM HUSAIN KHAN, Khdn 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 30th July 1886, for dis- 
tinguished military services. 

Residence. — With 5th Punjab Cavalry. 

AZIM KHAN, KUNDI, Khdn BaUdur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence, — Dera Ismail Khin, Punjab. 

AZIM -UD -DIN KHAN, General {of Rdmpur), Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1854. The title was conferred on ist January 1885. Is an 
Umarkhel Pathan of the Yusufzai tribe of Afghans, descended from the old 
family of the Nawabs of Najibabad. His grandfather, Nawib Najib-ud- 
daula, held the title of Amir-ul-Umara, and was Prime Minister at the Mughal 
Imperial Court of Delhi. He succeeded his uncle, Nawab Ali Asghar, Khan 
Bahddur, C.S.I., as General Commanding the Rampur State troops, and as 
confidential vakil for the Court to the British Government. Is Vice-President 
of the Council of Regency, Rd,mpur State. 

Residence. — Moradabad, North-Western Provinces. 

AZIZ-ULLA, AKHUND (of Matare), Khdn Bahddur. 

The title of Khan Bahadur is personal, and was conferred on 2Sth 
January 1865. 

Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 

AZMAT ALI KHAN (of Karnal), Nawdb Bahddur. 

Born 1833. Is of a Jat family, claiming descent from King Naushirwan, 
who are styled Mandul Naushirwani. Muhamdi Khan, great-grandfather of 
Nawab Azmat Ali Khin, and his two brothers, were in the service of the 
Mahrattas at the head of 200 horsemen, and were rewarded by a grant of 
extensive lands in Muzaffarnagar and elsewhere. During the Mahratta war, 
Muhamdi Khan aided the British forces ; and at its close exchanged his 
lands in the Doib for the Pargana of Karnal, one-third of which descended 
to the ancestor of Nawab Azmat Ali Khdn. During the disturbances of 
1857, the Nawab Ahmad Ali Khdn, father of the present Nawdb, most 
loyally aided the Government with all his retainers ; and his services were 
suitably recognised on the restoration of order. The present Nawdb formally 
received that title in 1868; and the further addition of Bahddur on ist 
January 1891. 

Residences. — Karndl, Punjab ; and Jaroda, Muzaffarnagar, North - Western 
Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 39 

BA TU, MAUNG, Kyet Thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty's reign. It means 
" Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour," and is indicated by the letters 
K.S.M. after the name. 

Residence. — Henzada, Burma. 

BA U, MATING, Thuye-gaung Ngweda ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty's reign. It means 
" Recipient of the Silver Sword for Bravery," and is indicated by the letters 
T.D.M. after the name. 

Residence. — Salwin, Burma. 

BA WA, MAUNG, Kyet Thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 29th May 1886. It means 
" Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour," and is indicated by the letters 
K.S.M. after the name. 

Residence. — Rangoon, Burma. 

BABA KHBM SINGH, CLE. 

Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire, ist January 1879. 

BAGHAL walad GHULAM NAJAP KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

BACHITTAR SINGH (of SMhabad), Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Ambdla, Punjab. 

BADAN SINGH (of Malaudh), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary, the Sardars of Malaudh (like those of Bhadaur) 
being descendants of Phul, and therefore of the same stock with the Phulkian 
Chiefs of Patiala, Jind, and Nabha. The family is Jat Sidhu, and conquered 
the district of Malaudh from the Afghans of Maler Kotla in 1754. Sardar 
Badan Singh's father was Sardir Mit Singh, who, with his brother Fateh 
Singh, did good service during the war of 1845-46, supplying fifty horse- 
men, and himself fighting in person at the battles of Mudki and Firuzshahr. 
In 1857 he showed conspicuous loyalty, being always ready with men and 
money to assist the Government ; he received as a reward the remission of 



40 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

a year's commutation money, while one-sixteenth of the whole sum was 
excused in perpetuity. In 1872, when Malaudh was attacked by the Kukas, 
Sarddr Badan Singh was badly wounded by the rebels. 
Residence. — Malaudh, Ludhidna, Punjab. 

BADAR-I-MUNIR, ShAhzdda. 

The title is personal, and was recognised 4th February 1853, the 
Shahzdda being a descendant of the royal family of Kabul. 

Residence. — Ludhidna, Punjab. 

BADI-UD-DIN, KHWAJA, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th February 1882. 
Residence. — Bulddna, Bardr. 

BADRI DAS, MUKIM, Rat Bahddur. 

Born 1833. The title was conferred on ist January 1877, on the occasion 
of the celebration of the Proclamation of Her Majesty as Empress of India. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

BADRI DAT TOSHI, PANDIT, Rai Bahddur. 

Born 4th October 1830. The title is personal, and was conferred on 
1 6th February 1887, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her 
Most Gracious Majesty. The Rai Bahadur's ancestor held the office of 
Minister of Kumaon in the time of the Chand and Gurkhd Raj. 

Residence. — Kumaon, North-Western Provinces. 

BAGHAL, RAJA DHYAN SINGH, Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief 
Born about 1841 ; succeeded to the gadi 26th July 1878. Belongs to 
a Puar Rajput (Hindu) family, descended from Ujjab De, who came from 
Ujjain, and conquered Baghal at an unknown date. The State was overrun 
by the Gurkhas from Nepal between 1803 and 1815 ; but after their expul- 
sion in the latter year, the Puar chief (about twenty-fifth in descent from 
Ujjab De) was recognised by Government. Kishan Singh, who had been 
raised to the rank of Raja in 1875, died on 23rd July 1877, and was suc- 
ceeded by his infant son, Rdjd Moti Singh; but the latter also died on 12th 
October 1877, when the present Rdjd, a collateral descendant of Ujjab De, 
succeeded. The area of the State (which is one of the Simla Hill States) 
^ about 124 square miles; its population 20,633, chiefly Hindus. The 
Kdjd maintains a military force of 150 infantry and i gun. 
Residence. — Baghal, Punjab. 

BAGHAL SINGH, Rai Bahddur. 
The title was conferred on 24th May 1883. 
Residence. — Sialkot, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 41 



BAGHAT, RANA DALIP SINGH, Rdnd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born i860; succeeded to the ^aifz on the 31st January 1862. Belongs 
to a Rdjput family, the ancestor of whom came from Dorar Nagri in the 
Deccan, and acquired possession of the State by conquest. During the 
Gurkha wars (1803-15) the conduct of the then chief, Rdna Mohindar 
Singh, had been unfriendly; so on the expulsion of the Gurkhas, three- 
fourths of the Baghat State was sold to Patiila for Rs. 1,30,000 and the 
remaining fourth was granted to Rina Mohindar Singh and his heirs. He 
died without issue on nth July 1839, and the State was at first treated as 
lapsed; but in 1842 Lord EUenborough restored it to Rana Bije Singh, 
brother of Mohindar Singh. He died in January 1849, leaving no direct heir, 
and the State was at first again treated as lapsed ; but in 1 86 1 Lord Canning 
restored it, for good and loyal conduct, to Umaid Singh, a cousin of the late 
Rand. But before the sanad conferring the grant could be prepared, Umaid 
Singh died, and his last request was that his son Dalip Singh might succeed 
him. In January 1862 a sanad was granted to Rana Dalip Singh. The 
area of the State (which is one of the Simla Hill States) is about 60 square 
miles; its population 8339, chiefly Hindus. The Rana maintains a military 
force of 25 soldiers. 

Residence. — Baghat, Punjab. 



BAGLI, THAKUR RAGHUNATH SINGH, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Thakur is descended from a Rahtor Rajput family (Hindu). He 
was born i860 ; and succeeded to ih.& gadi m. January 1869. The State is 
enclosed within that of Gwalior, so that its exact area is not known. Its 
population is 14,645, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Bagli, Indore, Central India. 

BAHADUR ALI KHAN, Nawdb Bahadur. 

The Nawab Bahadur is the son of the Nawab Amir Ali Khan, who was 
the grandson of His late Majesty Shuja-ud-daula, King of Oudh. 
Residence. — Lucknow, Oudh. 

BAHADUR SINGH, THAKUR, Rao Saheb. 

The title was conferred on ist January 1877, on the occasion of the 
Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. 
Residence. — Masuda, Ajmir. 

BAHAR MAL, Rao. 

The title was conferred on 1st January 1877, on the occasion of the 
Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. 
Residence. — Merwara. 



42 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



BAHAWALPUE, HIS HIGHNESS RUKN-UD-DAULA NASRAT 
JANG HAPIZ-UL-MULK MUKHLIS-UD-DAULA NAWAB 
SIR SADIK MUHAMMAD KHAN BAHADUR, G.C.S.I., 

Nawdb of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born in 1862 ; succeeded to the gacfi in 1866. Belongs to a Daudputra 
(Muhammadan) family, whose ancestor came from Sind about the middle 
of the 1 8th century. Muhammad Sadik Khan was Governor of Bahawalpur 
under the Sikh Government; and the chiefs of his clan retained virtual 
independence till his second son, the Nawab Bahdwal Khan I., reduced the 
whole tribe, and consolidated his power. By the treaties of Lahore between 
the British Government and the Maharajd Ranjit Singh, the latter was con- 
fined to the right bank of the Satlej ; and thereby Bahiwalpur was protected 
from the Sikhs. The Nawab rendered faithful assistance to the Government 
in the first Afghan war; and during the siege of MuMn the troops of 
Bahawal Khd.n III. co-operated with Sir Herbert Edwardes. Bahawal Khan 
III. was succeeded by his younger son, Saadat Yar Khan ; but the latter was 
subsequently deposed by his elder brother, Haji Khdn, who after his victory 
assumed the name of Fateh Muhammad Khan. He died in 1858, and was 
succeeded by his son, who assumed the name of Bahdwal Khan IV. He 
had to face some serious rebellions, and died suddenly in 1866, leaving his 
son, the present Nawib, a boy of only four years old, in a difficult and 
dangerous position. It was resolved, however, by the Paramount Power, that 
the young Nawab should be supported ; and during his minority the adminis- 
tration was placed in British hands, native officers being appointed, so that 
there might be no break in continuity of system on the Nawab's coming of 
age. Since then vast improvements have been made in the irrigation system 
of the country, which depends upon inundation canals for the greater part of 
its cultivation. Existing works have been entirely remodelled, and new 
canals constructed in several parts of the territory, the result of which is that 
the revenues have nearly doubled. Courts of Justice have been established, 
under the general control of a Chief Court, presided over by three native 
gentlemen, and are highly popular. A system of Public Instruction, com- 
prising primary, middle, and superior education, has been set on foot; a 
central jail has been built, and the prison system greatly improved. Three 
new towns have been founded. A stud farm for improving the breed of 
horses has been started, and the extensive jungles have been placed under 
the scientific supervision of a trained Forest Conservator. The area of the 
State is 17,285 square miles; its population is 573,494, chiefly Muhamma- 
dans, with 91,272 Hindus. His Highness the Nawab Bahadur maintains a 
military force of 443 cavalry, 1352 infantry, and 11 guns, and is entitled to 
a salute of 1 7 guns. He was created a Knight Grand Commander of the 
Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, i6th November 1880. 

Residences. — The Palace, Bahdwalpur, Punjab ; Bahdwalpur House, Lahore. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



43 



BAI (INDORB), THAKUR MANRUP SINGH, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

The Thdkur is descended from a Rajput (Hindu) family, and succeeded 
to the ga^i in 1880. 

Residence. — Bai, Indore, Central India. 

BAIDYANATH PANDIT, Rdjd. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1889. 
Residence. — Cuttack, Bengal. 

BAIKANTHA NATH DB, Kumdr, Rdjd Bahddur. 
The title was conferred on ist January 1889. 
Residence. — Balasor, Bengal. 

BAIKANTHPUR, RAIKAT PANINDRA DEB, Raikat of. 

This is one of those customary titles (of which there are many, especially 
in Bengal) which have never been officially recognised by Government, and 
which consequently must, for the present, be regarded as only courtesy titles. 
The family is said to be descended from a brother of the founder of the 
Kuch Behar Rd,j ; and the title " Raikat," which is of high antiquity, has 
been held to indicate that the early Raikats of Baikanthpur were Prime 
Ministers and Commanders-in-Chief of the Kamrup kingdom, of which Kuch 
Behar was an important part. The present Raikat is stated to be the 
twentieth in succession who has inherited the title ; and during the last 
Bhutan war the family rendered good service to Government. 

Residence.- — Baikanthpur, Jalpaiguri, Bengal. 



BAIKUNTA NARATAN SINGH, Rdjd. 

This is one of the titles that appear never to have been formally recog- 
nised by Government. The Raja is the Zaminddr of Tundi in Manbhum. 
The family claims to be of Surya Vansa Rajput descent, and to have come from 
Ajudhya. They have the following system of titles for the various members 
of the family of the Zaminddr or proprietor of the Rdj. For the head of 
the family, Rdjd ; for his wife, Rdni. 



1st son 




Tikait. 


1st son's 1st son 


. Thdkur 


2nd son 




Kumdr. 


,, ,, 2nd son 


Kumdr, 


3rd son 




Thdkur. 


„ „ 3rd son 


Nunu. 


4th son 




Nunu. 






Sth and 


younger sons . 


Bdbu. 







For a similar system prevailing in the Nawdgarh family, see under 
Banwari Lai Singh, Rajd. 

Residence.-^^luxii^, Mdnbhum, Bengal. 



44 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

BAISNI (of Khimsipur), Thakurani. 
The title of Rao is hereditary in this lady's family. 
Residence. — Farrukhabad, North-Western Provinces. 

BAJANA, MALEK NASIB KHANJI DARITA KHANJI, 

Tdlukddr of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 14th May 1820 ; succeeded to the gadi 23rd April 1841. 
Descended from a family of Jat Musalmans ; is usually styled " Malek Shri." 
His son is named Jiwan Khan. The area of the State is 183 square miles; 
its population 15,877, partly Hindu, partly Muhammadan. The Malek Shri 
maintains a military force of 60 cavalry and 230 infantry. 

Residence. — Bajdna, Kdthidwdr, Bombay. 

BAKAR ALI KHAN, SAYYID, CLE. 

Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire, ist January 1883. 

Residence. — 

BAKAR MIRZA, Mirza Bahddur. 

The Mirza Bahddur is a son of the Nawdb Mumtaz-ud-dauld, who was a 
grandson of His late Majesty Muhammad Ali Shah, King of Oudh. 
Residence. — Oudh. 

BAKASRBI, Diwdn, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 21st June 1872. 
Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 

BAKHSHI KHOMAN SINGH (of Indore), C.S.I. 

Was created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of 
India, ist January 1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most 
Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. 

Residence. — Indore, Central India. 

BAKHSHISH SINGH, SINDHANWALIA, Sarddr. 

The Sardar succeeded Sardar Shamsher Singh (who had adopted him as 
a scion of the same family, with the consent of Government) on the death 
of the latter in 1873. The Sindhanwalia family, Jats of the Sansi tribe, is 
the acknowledged head of all Sikh families between the Bias and the Indus ; 
and is descended from the same stock as the late Maharaja Ranjit Singh of 
Lahore. The common ancestor, Budh Singh, had two sons, Chanda Singh 
and Jodh Singh ; the latter was the forefather of the late Royal family of 
Lahore, while from the former descended Sardar Shamsher Singh and the 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 4S 

Sindhanwalia family. On the occasion of the rebellion of Diwan Mul Raj, 
Sardar Shamsher Singh remained faithful to the British Government, and in 
December 1846 he was appointed a member of the Council of Regency. 
On the final annexation of the Punjab his jdgirs were continued to him for 
life, and in 1862 he was appointed an Honorary Magistrate, and was per- 
mitted to adopt the present Sardar, a large portion of his jdgirs to descend 
in perpetuity, and the title to be hereditary. 
Residence. — Rdjd Sansi, Amritsar, Punjab. 



BAKHSHISH SINGH, Kunwdr. 

The title is personal. 
Residence. — Lahore, Punjab. 

BAKHTAWAR SINGH, Rai Bahddur. 

Is a Court Official of the Mewar State (Udaipur), Rajputana. Received 
the title as a personal distinction on 25th May 1892. 

Residence. — Udaipur, Rdjputdna. 

BAKHTGARH (Bhopdwar), THAKUR PARTAB SINGH, 

Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

The Thakur was born in 1863, and succeeded to the gadi in 1869. He 
is descended from a Rajput (Hindu) family. The population of the State is 
8258, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Bakhtgarh, Bhopiwar, Central India. 

BAKHTIYAR SHAH, Prince. 

The title is a courtesy one. His father. Prince Anwar Shah, was a 
member of the Tippu family of Mysore, and grandson of Tippu Sultan. 
Residence.— -C^<iVi\.\.3,. 



BAL MUKA.ND, RAI, Rai Bahddur. 

Born 5th November 1834. The title is personal, and was conferred on 
1 6th February 1887, the Rai Bahadur having received a Certificate of Honour 
at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi in 1877. His ancestors (who were 
Khattris) came from the Punjab about 300 years ago, and became mer- 
chants at Agra. He did good service in the Mutiny of 1857, by saving 
some of the records of the Agra Board of Revenue; and in 1866 was 
appointed a permanent Deputy Collector. 

Residence. — Agra, North- Western Provinces. 



46 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

BAL PARUSHURAM PANDIT, Rao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 30th March 1870. 
Residence. — Satara, Bombay. 

BALA PARSHAD, PANDIT, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty the 
Empress. The Rai Bahadur had done good service in the Rajputana-Mdlwd 
Railway PoHce, and retired on pension on ist November 1891. He has no 
son ; his brothers are Pandit Manik Parshad of Indore, born 1 85 1 ; and 
Pandit Kalika Parshad of the Bombay Police (retired in 1891), born 1857. 

Residence. — R^jputdna-Mdlwd Railway Police. 

BALA SHASTRI AGASB, Mahdmahopddhydya. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty the 
Empress, in recognition of eminence in oriental scholarship. It entitles him 
to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular Rajas. 

Residence. — Ratnagiri, Bombay. 

BALAJI KRISHNA BBNDIGBRI, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 29th May 1886. 
Residence. — Belgaum, Bombay. 

BALASINOR, NAWAB MUNAWAR KHANJI, Bdbi of. 

A RuHng Chief 

Born 1 844 ; succeeded his father, Nawab Jorawar Khanji Babi, in 
November 1882. This family is Pathan (Muhammadan), claiming descent 
from Sher Khanji Babi, son of Bahadur Khanji Bdbi, a distinguished officer 
in the Imperial Service of Delhi. The area of the State is 189 square miles ; 
its population 46,328, chiefly Hindus. The Nawab Babi maintains a 
mihtary force of 60 cavalry, 177 infantry, and 5 guns, and is entitled to a 
salute of 9 guns. 

Residence. — Balasinor, Rewd Kintha, Bombay. 

BALAVADRA PRASAD DAS, Rdjkumdr Bairiganjon Bhuyan 

Mahdpatra. 

This is one of the titles that seem never to have been formally recognised 
by the Government. The family belongs to the Ganga Vansa, the ancient race 
of the Gajapati kings of Orissa, from whom the title was derived. The Raj- 
kumar has done good service by providing elephants for Government in time 
of war. His eldest son, whose name is Umakanta Das Mahapatra, bears the 
title of Tikait Bdbu ; the younger sons — Bisambhar Dds, Nityananda Das, 
Sachidananda Dds, Achutananda Das — are all styled Bdbu. 

Residence. — Balason, Orissa. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 47 



BALBAHADUE SINGH, Rdjd. 
The title is hereditary, and was conferred on ist January 1886. 
Residence. — Raigarh, Central India. 

BALBIE SINGH (of Kattahr), Rdjd. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Kdngra, Punjab. 

BALDEO SINGH (of Awa), Rdjd. 

Born loth July 1850. The title is hereditary, the tradition being that 
it was originally conferred by the Maharana of Udaipur. Belongs to a family 
of Jadon Rajputs, descended from Thakur Chatarbhuj, a Zaminddr of Nari 
in the Chhata Pargana, who, in the time of Muhammad Shah (1719-48), 
settled at Jalesar. His grandson, Bakht Singh, gave military service to the 
Maharaja of Bharatpur and the Thakur of Amargarh, and gradually estab- 
lished himself as an independent Chief Finally he obtained a sanad from 
the Mahrattas, authorising him to build a fort at Awa ; and his successor, 
Hira Singh, built the existing fort. In the Mahratta war Hira Singh was 
able to render some service to the British Power; and consequently in 1803 
obtained from General Lake a sanad confirming him in possession. He was 
succeeded by his son, Pitambar Singh, who is said to have been recognised 
as a Raja by Lord Auckland in 1838. Pitambar Singh adopted from the 
descendants of the younger brother of Bakht Singh, Raja Prithvi Singh. 
The latter did excellent service during the Mutiny ; he raised horse and foot, 
attacked the insurgent villages, restored the whole of the neighbourhood to 
order, collected the revenue, and remitted it to Agra. " In fact," to quote 
the Report of the District Officer, " he held the country till the taking of 
Delhi, and the arrival of our own troops enabled us to resume possession." 
He died in 1876, leaving one son. Raja Chatarpal Singh, a minor. The 
latter died in 1884, and was succeeded by his cousin, the present Raja. 

Residence. — Awa, Etah, North-Western Provinces. 

BALIKRAM, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist April 1881. 
Residence. — Bulddna, Berar. 

BALKISHAN AMAR SINGH, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 25th June 1884. 
Residence. — Ndsik, Bombay. 

BALLABH DAS, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 3rd February 1883. 
Residence. — Jabalpur, Central Provinces. 



48 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

BALSAN, RANA BIR SINGH, Rdnd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born i860; succeeded to the gadi 17th November 1884. Belongs to 
a Rajput (Hindu) family, his ancestor, Alak Singh, the founder of the family, 
having been a scion of the ruling House of Sirmur. The Chiefs of Balsan 
were feudatories of Sirmur till 1815, when a.sanadwa.s granted by the British 
Government. Bhup Singh, the grandfather and predecessor of the present 
Chief, did good service in the Mutiny of 1857, and was rewarded with the 
title of Rana. His son, the Kunwar Govardhan Singh, predeceased him ; so 
he was succeeded by his grandson, the present Rana. The area of the State 
(which is one of the Simla Hill States) is 51 miles; its population is 5190, 
chiefly Hindus. The Rani maintains a military force of 50 infantry. 
Residence. — Balsan, Punjab. 

BALUCH KHAN, Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Baluchistan. 

BALWANT RAO (of Karwi), Rao. 

Born 1828. The title is hereditary. Is a Mahratta Brahman, the grand- 
son by adoption of Venaik Rao, who was the son of Amrit Rao, brother of 
the last Peshwa, Baji Rao. His two uncles joined in the rebellion of 1857, 
and their estates were confiscated, and themselves deported. But Balwant 
Rao proved his loyalty, and is now the head of the family at Karwi. He 
has adopted a son, Moreshwar Rao, born 17th August 1872. 

Residence. — Karwi, North- Western Provinces. 

BALWANT RAO BHUSKUTB, Rao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence.— Ykmxix, Central Provinces. 

BALWANT RAO GOPAL JAVDEKAR, Rao Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 31st January 1883. 
Residence. — Poena, Bombay. 

BALWANT SINGH (of Bir Chima), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary, the Sardar being the head of the younger branch 
of the Phulkian family of Malaudh {see Badan Singh, Sardar), descended from 
Phul, the common ancestor of the Houses of Patiala, Jind, Nabha, and 
Bhadaur. He is the son of the late Sardar Hakikat Singh of Bir. On the 
death of his brother, Ranjit Singh, he succeeded to the Bir estate, having 
before held that of Chima only. He is an Honorary Magistrate, and did 
excellent service in the troubled times of 1857. 

Residence. — Ludhidna, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 49 



BALWANT SINGH (of Botala), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary, the Sardar being a descendant of Dhanna Singh, 
who was an associate of Sardar Jodh Singh, great-grandfather of Maharaja 
Ranjit Singh. 

Residence. — Gujrdnwila, Punjab. 



BALWANT SINGH (of Rangarh Nangal), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary, the Sardar being descended from a Rdjput family 
whose ancestor came originally from Bikanir, and founded Rangarh Nangal 
in the Gurdaspur district, Punjab. Sarddr Karam Singh was the head of the 
family in the time of the Maharajd, Ranjit Singh ; and when the latter seized 
Lahore and Amritsar, Karam Singh gave in his allegiance. His grandson, 
Sardar Argan Singh, served in the battle of Sobraon. During the rebellion 
of 1848 he joined the rebels, and his estates were confiscated. A consider- 
able pension was subsequently granted to him. The late Raja of Nabha was 
a second cousin of Sardar Balwant Singh, as Sardar Argan Singh's sister 
married Raja Devindra Singh, Chief of Nabha. 

Residence. — Gurddspur, Punjab. 



BALWANT SINGH (of Barehta), Thdkur. 

Born 1836. The title is hereditary, the ancestors of the Thakur having 
been in the Narsinghpur district from time immemorial, and long known for 
their loyalty ; it was originally conferred by one of the ancient Gond Rajas 
of Mandla. Belongs to a Raj Gond family; his son is named Barilol 
Singh. 

Residence. — Barehta, Narsinghpur, Central Provinces. 



BALWANT SINGH (of Piprasur), Rdjd. 

The title is hereditary, the Raja being the son of the Raja Anrudh Singh, 
and descended from Debi Singh, Raja of Orchha. 

Residence. — Sigar, Central Provinces. 



BAMANBOR, The Chief of . 
A Ruling Chief. 

The area of the State is 12 square miles, with a population of 987. 
Residence. — Bamanbor, Kdthiiwir, Bombay. 



BAMBO KHAN, Jam. See Bhambo Khan, Jdm. 

E 



50 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



BAMRA, RAJA SUDHAL DEO, C.I.B., Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born about 1849; succeeded to the gadi on 12th May i86g. Is 
descended from a Gangabansi Rajput family, from the same stock as that of 
the Gajpati Rajas of Puri in Orissa, which acquired the Bamra territory by 
conquest in early times. He was created- a Companion of the Most Eminent 
Order of the Indian Empire, ist January 1889. The Raja's son, Sachidan- 
and, bears the courtesy title of Tikait Babu. The area of the State is 1988 
square miles; and its population is 81,286, many Hindus, but with over 
50,000 belonging to Abor (aboriginal) tribes. 

Residence. — Bamra, Central Provinces. 

BANGANAPALB, NAWAB SATYID PATH ALI KHAN 

BAHADUR, C.S.I., Nawdb of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born loth July 1848; succeeded to the gadi in 1868. Is a Shiah 
Muhammadan, and a Sayyid (or descendant of the Prophet). He was 
created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, ist 
January 1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious 
Majesty as Empress of India. The family held an ancient title, Jagirdar of 
Banganapale; the title of Nawab was conferred in 1876. His son is named 
Sayyid Gulam Ali Khan. The area of the State is 166 square miles; its 
population 30,754, chiefly Hindus, the Muhammadans being 5952. The 
Chief has a salute of 6 guns. 

Residence. — Banganapale, Madras. 

BANSDA, MAHARAWAL SHRI PRATAPSINGHJI 
GULABSINGHJI, Edjd of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 6th December 1863; succeeded to the gadi on the 6th March 
1876. The family is Solanki Rajput (Hindu), and is styled "Vansdia"; it 
is descended from a chieftain of ancient times named Muldeoji. The area of 
the State is 215 square miles ; its population is 34,908, chiefly Hindus. The 
Maharawal maintains a military force of 24 cavalry, iii infantry, and i 
gun, and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. 

Residence. — Bansda, Surat, Bombay. 

BANSPAT SINGH (of Barah), Rdjd. 

Born 1834. The title was conferred as a personal distinction on 30th 
November 1858, for eminent services rendered during the Mutiny, the Raja 
having loyally supported the police, escorted the revenue-collections during 
the disturbances, and proceeded in December 1857 with 1000 followers to 
rid Pargani Khairagarh of a formidable band of rebels who had gathered 
there. Is descended from the same ancestry as His Highness the Maharaja 
of Rewah, and belongs to a Baghel Rajput family. 

Residence. — Barah, Allahabad, North- Western Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 51 



BANSWARA, HIS HIGHNESS RAI-I-RAYAN MAHARAWAL 
SRI LACHMAN SINGH BAHADUR, Mahdrdwal of. 

Bom 30th January 1838; succeeded to the gadi in 1842. Is a 
descendant (through the Maharawal Udai Singh of Dungarpur, q.v.) of the 
Maharanas of Udaipur (" Children of the Sun "), and consequently a Sisodiya 
Rajput. Udai Singh, Maharawal of Dungarpur, gave the territory of 
Banswara to his younger son Jagmal Singh, with the title of Maharawal. 
The area of the State (including that of its feudatory Kusalgarh) is about 
1500 square miles ; its population 175,145, chiefly Hindus, but with about 
50,000 Bhils (aboriginal). The Maharawal maintains a military force of 
640 cavalry, 783 infantry, and 14 guns. His Highness is entitled to a 
salute of 1 5 guns. His son is the Maharaj-Kunwar Sambhu Singh Bahadur. 

Residence. — Bdnswdra, Rdjputdna. 

BANTWA (GIDAR), SAMAT KHAN BABI, Khan of. 
A Ruling Chief. 
Born 1854; descended from a Pathan (Muhammadan) family. 
Residence. — Gidar, Kdthidwir, Bombay. 

BANTWA (MANAWADAR), KHAN SHRI PATHBH-UD-DIN 

KHANJI, Khdn of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1835 ; succeeded to the gadi 28th March 1888. There are now 
four divisions of the Bantwa State ; the united area is 221 square miles, the 
united population 38,517, chiefly Hindus. The Chief of Bantwa has the 
title of Khan Shri ; his family name is Babi. 

Residence. — Manawadar, Kdthidwdr, Bombay. 

BANWARI ANANDA DEB, Mahdrdj Kumdr. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on the Maharaj Kumar as the 
adopted son of the late Maharaja Jagatindra Banwari Govinda Bahadur of 
Banwaribad, who rendered good service during the famine of 1866-67. The 
Maharaja Jagatindra's father, Nityananda, received from the old Mughal 
Government the title of " Azimat-ullah Amir-ul-Mulk Jagatindra Danishnanda 
Sipahdar Jang Bahadur.'' 

Residence. — Murshidabad, Bengal. 



BANWARI LAL SINGH, Rdjd. 

This is one of the titles that appear never to have been formally 
recognised by Government. The family claims that its ancestor came from 
Baghelkhand, and set up the Raj of Palganj in Hazaribagh; and that a 
branch of this family obtained the Zaminddri of Nawagarh in Manbhum, 



52 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

part of which is held by the present Raja, part by Thakur Giridhdri Singh, 
and part by the Thakurani, widow of Thakur Bhola Prasad Singh. In Rdja 
Banwari Lai Singh's branch of the family the following titles are held : — by 
the head, Rdjd ; by his wife, Rdni ; by the eldest son, Tikait ; by the 
second son, Kumdr ; by the third son, Thdkur ; by the fourth son, Nunu ; 
by the fifth and younger sons, Bdbu. 

Residence. — Nawigarh, Minbhum, Bengal. 



BANYIN, KUN SAW, Myoza of. 
A RuHng Chief. 

The Myoza is one of the Shan Chiefs, and rules over a State of about 
230 square miles. 

Residence. — Banyin, Shan States, Burma. 

, BAONI, His Highness the Nawdb Bahadur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Nawab was born in 1863; and succeeded to the gadi on the 5th 
October 1883. He is descended from a Pathan (Muhammadan) family of 
Bundelkhand ; and his full titles are — " His Highness Azam-ul-Umara, 
Fakhr-ud-daula, Main-ul-Mulk, Saheb-i-Jah, Mihin Sardar, Nawab Muhammad 
Hasan Khan Bahadur, Zafar Jang." His ancestor, the Nawab Ghazi-ud-din 
Khan, at one time Minister at the Imperial Court of the Mughals, was 
grandson of Asaf Jah, Nizam of Hyderabad, and was also connected with the 
family of the Nawab Vazir of Oudh. He obtained a grant of fifty-two villages 
from the Peshwa in Bundelkhand. His son, the Nawab Vazir-ud-daula 
Khan, was recognised as Chief by the British Government. The grandson 
of the latter was the Nawab Muhammad Mehdi Hasan Khan, the father of 
the present Nawab. 

The family banner was displayed at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi in 
1877, with the motto, "The authority is God's, and the country is God's." 
The area of the State is about 117 square miles; its population is 17,055, 
chiefly Hindus, but with 2342 Muhammadans. The Nawab Bahadur 
maintains a military force of 9 cavalry, 185 infantry, and 2 guns. He is 
entitled to a salute of 1 1 guns. 

Residence. — Baoni, Bundelkhand, Central India. 



BAPU DEVA SHASTRI, CLE., Mahdmahopddhydya. 

Born I St November 182 1. The title is personal. It was conferred on 
1 6th February 1887, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of 
Her Most Gracious Majesty the Empress, in consideration of emin- 
ence as an oriental scholar; and it entitles him to take rank in Darbar 
immediately after titular Rajas. Belongs to a Mahratta Brahman family, 
long settled, in a good position as bankers and men learned in Hindi 
theology, at Tonka on the Godavari in the Ahmadabad district. Educated 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 53 

at Nagpur ; became Professor of Mathematics in the Benares College in 
1842. In 1852, received a reward of Rs.2000 from Government for a 
Hindi treatise on algebra, and in 1869 a khilat of Rs. 1000 and two shawls. 
Is a Fellow of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, of the Royal Asiatic Society, 
and of the Calcutta and Allahabad Universities. Is the author of many 
works on Sanskrit literature and mathematics; and in 1878 was created a 
Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. 
Residence. — Benares, North- Western Provinces. 



BAPU RAO PATWARDHAN, PANDIT, Rao Saheb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. 
Residence. — Ndgpur, Central Provinces. 

BAPUBHAI DAYASHANKAR, Rao Saheb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 17th July 1867. 
Residence. — Ahmadabad, Bombay. 



S4 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

BARAMBA, EAJA BISAMBHAR BIRBAR MANGRAJ 
MAHAPATTAR, Rdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1880; succeeded to the gadi 15th July 1881, and is still a minor. 
The Raja is descended from a Kshatriya (Hindu) family. The history of 
the Baramba State commences from the year 1305 a.d., with Hatakeshwar 
Raut, a famous wrestler, who served Kishori Narsingh, the ruler of Orissa, 
and in recognition of his valour was presented with two villages (by name 
Sonkha and Mohuri) on the north bank of the Mahanadi river, three miles 
south of the present Baramba headquarters. These two villages were then 
owned and inhabited by Kandhs. Hatakeshwar drove them away to about 
four miles north and settled in Baramba, which has since been the residence 
of all his successors up to the present time. The two villages, Sonkha and 
Mohuri, which were close to one another, have since been amalgamated into 
one, and are known by the name of Sonkhameri. It is difficult to ascertain 
what was the area of the two villages when they were presented by the 
Orissa ruler, but in all probability it never exceeded four square miles. The 
founder, however, extended the limit of his possession to about eight square 
miles before he died, leaving his younger brother, Malakeshwar Raut, to 
succeed him. 

The second Chief, Malakeshwar Raut, who reigned eighteen years, ex- 
tended the limit of the State to Ogalpore, about three miles west of Sonk- 
hameri, and five miles south-west of Baramba. He discovered the temple 
of the goddess Votaika or Bruhadamba or Bodama at Ogalpore, and out of 
respect for this goddess named the State after her. Jambeshwar Raut, the 
fourth Chief, who reigned from 1375 a.d. to 1416, conquered the Kandh 
Chief of Kharod, eight miles north-west of Baramba, and annexed his posses- 
sion (about twenty square miles), thus raising the area of the State to about 
thirty-six square miles. The fifth Chief, Bholeshwar Raut, conquered the 
Khandayat or Chief of Amatia, six miles west of Baramba, and extended the 
limit of the State to Ratapat, eight miles west of the headquarters, and the 
present boundary between the Baramba and Narsinghpur States. It was 
during the reign of this Chief, who reigned for forty-three years (from 
1416 A.D. to 1459), that the farthest western limit of the State was reached. 
His successors increased their possessions to the east of the headquarters, 
but made no attempt to extend the State farther on the west. Kanhu Raut, 
the sixth Chief, reigned for fifty-five years (from 1459 a.d. to 1514), and 
extended the limit of the State to Mohulia, about five miles east of Baramba. 
Nabin Raut, the ninth Chief, reigned for twenty-three years (from 1537 a.d. 
to 1560). During his reign the State attained its largest limit, from Ratapat 
in the west to Bidharpur in the east, eighteen miles, and from the range of 
hills separating Hindol from Baramba to the banks of the Mahanadi, about 
eight and a half miles, and this is the present limit of the State. In the 
reign of the twelfth Chief, Krishna Chandra Mangrdj, who ruled from 
1635 A.D. to 1650, the Mahrattas invaded the country, but the Chief acknow- 
ledged their supremacy, and was required to pay a tribute of 6335 kahans of 
cowries per annum. Padmanava Birbar Mangraj Mahapatra, the seventeenth 
Chief of the State, was a very weak ruler, who reigned from 1748 a.d. to 
1793. During the first part of his reign the Raja of Khandpara invaded the 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 55 

State, drove out the Chief, and remained in possession of it for nearly 
thirteen months. Rd,jd Padmanava sought for and obtained the assistance 
of the Rdja of Khurda, and recovered possession of the State. During the 
latter part of his reign, in the year 1775, the Raji of Narsinghpur invaded the 
State, and took possession of two of its important forts, Kharad and Ratapat. 
The Raja was powerless to expel the invaders, so he appealed to the Mah- 
rattas, and with their assistance and intercession was able to regain possession 
of the forts. It seems that the Mughals never exercised direct supremacy 
over the Chiefs of this State. The Mahrattas, however, did so, and 
there are letters extant which show that they fixed the annual tribute 
of the State from the year 1183 to 1185 Amli, and collected the same 
directly from the Chiefs. There are also three other old letters of 
interest in the records. In one of these the Mahrattas intimate their 
having recovered the Ratapat Gur from the Narsinghpur Raja ; in another 
they required the presence of the Baramba Raja to settle a boundary 
dispute between Baramba and Narsinghpur ; the third is addressed to the 
Raja of Narsinghpur, and contains the decision of the Mahratta Govern 
ment regarding the possession of Kharad and Ratapat. The area of the 
State (which is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals) is about 134 square 
miles; its population 29,772, chiefly Hindus, but with over 3000 belonging 
to aboriginal tribes. The Raja maintains a military force of 709 infantry 
and 3 guns. The family emblem is a leopard. 

Residence. — Baramba, Orissa. 



S6 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



BARAUNDHA, RAJA THAKUR PRASAD SINGH, Rdjd 

Bahddur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born in 1847 ; succeeded to the gadi on the i8th August 1886. Is a 
Raghubansi Rajput, descended from a family of the highest antiquity in 
Central India. Thirty-four generations are said to have ruled at Rusin in 
the Banda district ; then four more at Birgarh in the territory still belonging 
to the family ; four more at Murfa, partly in Banda and partly in this terri- 
tory. Then the Raja Mohan Singh came to Baraundha, and ruled there, 
and obtained a sanad fiom the British Government in 1807. His son ruled 
at Paturkuchar, and two more generations. Then the Raja Ragbirdayal, 
father of the present Raja, ruled partly at Paturkuchar, partly at Baraundha, 
and received the additional title of "Bahadur" on the occasion of the 
Imperial Assemblage at Delhi in 1877. The area of the State is 239 
square miles; its population is 17,283, chiefly Hindus. The Raja Bahadur 
maintains a military force of 15 cavalry, 75 infantry, and 6 guns, and is 
entitled to a salute of 9 guns. 

Residence. — Baraundha, Bundelkhand, Central India. 



BARDIA, Rao of. See Barra. 

BARITA, MAHARAWAL SHRI MANSINGHJI, Rdjd of 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 4th October 1855; succeeded to the gadi sth March 1864. 
Descended (like the Chiefs of Chhota Udaipur) from a Chauhan Rajput (Hindu) 
family, sprung from Patai Rawal, the last Chauhan Chief of Champanir. The 
area of the State is 873 square miles ; its population is 66,822, chiefly Hindus. 
The Maharawal maintains a military force of 38 cavalry, 250 infantry, and 
3 guns, and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. 

Residence. — Bariya, RewA Kdntha, Bombay. 

BARJORJI DORABJI PATBL, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1889. 
Residence. — Quetta, Baluchistan. 

BARJORJI RUSTAMJI, MISTRY, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence. — Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 57 



BARODA, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAJA SAYAJI RAO III., 

G.C.S.I., Mahdrdjd Gaekwdr of. 

A Ruling Chief, and one of the Premier Princes of the Empire. 

Born 17th March 1863; succeeded to the gadi on the 27th May 1875. 
The Gaekwar's full titles are — His Highness Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia 
Maharaja Sayaji Rao Gaekwar Sena Khas Khel Shamsher Bahadur, 
Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. 
He is the descendant of the famous Mahratta leader, Damaji Gaekwar, who 
obtained from the Shahu Rajd of Sd,tara the title of Shamsher Bahadur for 
his bravery at the battle of Ballapur, fought against the Imperial forces of 
Delhi at the close of the 17th century. Damaji Gaekwar died in 1721, and 
was succeeded by his nephew and adopted son Pilaji Gaekwdr, who obtained 
from the Shahu Rajd the additional title of Send Khas Khel (see Introduction, 
§ 11) on the conclusion of the wars with the Peshwa. Pilaji was assassinated in 
1 73 1, and was succeeded by his son Damaji II. ; who, during a period of about 
forty years of almost incessant warfare, played a most prominent part in the 
history of India, and firmly established the Gaekwari power throughout 
Gujardt and the neighbouring districts of Western India. In 1732, the same 
year in which his father was murdered by a Mughal emissary, he reconquered 
the capital of Gujarat, Baroda, from the Mughal Viceroy ; and that city has 
been the capital of the Gaekwars ever since. He commanded a division at 
the great and decisive battle of Panipat in 1761. He invaded Kathiawar, 
and forced many of its princes to pay him tribute ; he conquered the ancient 
city of Anhalwara Patan, and also Ahmadabad, the old capital of Gujarat. 
After his death, his two sons Govind Rao and Fatheh Singh became 
Gaekwars in succession ; and the latter was succeeded by Ananda Rao, a 
son of Govind Rao Gaekwar. In 1803 a Treaty was concluded with the 
British Power, under which a British Resident was appointed to the Court of 
Baroda, and provision was made for the maintenance of a strong subsidiary 
force. Ananda Rao was succeeded by Sayaji Rao I., whose reign was long 
and on the whole prosperous ; and he was followed by three of his sons in 
turn, Ganpat Rao Gaekwar, Khande Rao Gaekwar, and Mulhar Rao 
Gaekwar. His Highness Khande Rao Gaekwar rendered loyal service to 
the Government at the time of the Mutiny. But the rule of his successor 
was disgraced by misgovernment ; and it terminated in his deposition under 
painful circumstances. After these misfortunes, the Paramount Power exer- 
cised the greatest care and . diligence in seeking out, from among the 
scions of the Gaekwiri family and the descendants of Pilaji, a successor 
to the gadi, who should be in every way well fitted to discharge the duties 
of that exalted station. Their care has been amply rewarded ; for, by the 
consent of the whole world, it would be impossible to find a ruler more 
devoted to the welfare of his subjects, or one better qualified to do credit 
to the Imperial choice, than His Highness the present Maharaja Gaek- 
war, who was adopted by Her Highness the Maharani Jamna Bai, the 
widowed consort of Khande Rao Gaekwar — and installed by the Agent of 
the Governor-General, who invested him with a State Dress of Honour on 
the 27th May 1875. 

The reign of the Mahardja Gaekwar Sayaji III. has been one of amazing 
progress and prosperity. For His Highness himself, it has not been without 



58 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

the deep shadows of domestic bereavement; for in April 1885 he lost 
his first wife, Her Highness the Mahirani Chimnabai, niece of the Princess 
of Tanjore, whom he had married in 1880, and who had borne him three 
children — two daughters, who had died during the lifetime of their mother, 
and a son and heir named Fatheh Singh Rao, who has happily survived. In 
December 1885 His Highness took as his second wife a Princess of the 
House of Dewas in Central India, Her Highness Chimnabai, the present 
Maharani, who was invested by Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen 
Empress with the insignia of the Imperial Order of the Crown of India in 
1892. Of this marriage there has been issue two sons, named Jaisingh 
Rao and Sivaji Rao respectively, and a Princess named Indira Raja. 

The young Gaekwar had for several years the advantage of the co-opera- 
tion, as Minister of Baroda, of one of the ablest Indian statesmen of modern 
times, the Raja Sir Madhava Rao, K.C.S.I. The colleagues and successors 
of Sir Madhava — the Khan Bahddur KAzi Shahab-ud-din, C.I.E., the Diwan 
Bahadur Laxuman Jagannath, the Khan Bahadur Pestanji Jahangirji, C.I.E., 
the Rao Bahadur Vinayak Janardhan Kirtane, the Khan Bahadur Khurshidji 
Rustamji, and the present Prime Minister, His Excellency the Diwan Bahadur 
Manibhai Jasbhai — have also been statesmen of great ability and devotion. 
And many other names might be mentioned of distinguished officers of the 
Baroda Government during the present reign. The early years of His 
Highness were guided by the judicious care of an extremely able and 
sympathetic English gentleman, Mr. F. A. H. Elliot, C.I.E., who still retains 
high office in the Baroda State. In 1875 the Gaekwar, attended by Sir 
Madhava Rao and the chief officers of the State, went to Bombay to meet 
His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales ; and shortly afterwards was 
honoured by a visit of His Royal Highness to the capital of Baroda, where 
the auspicious event was celebrated by the most magnificent hospitalities. 
On the I St of January 1877 His Highness, on the invitation of H.E. the 
Viceroy, attended the Imperial Assembly at Delhi to celebrate the Proclama- 
tion of Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen as Empress of India, and 
on that occasion was invested with the title of Farzand-i-Khds-i-Daulat-i- 
Inglishia (see Introduction, § 1 1) by Lord Lytton as the representative of the 
Empress. 

In May 1887 His Highness, accompanied by the Maharani, set out on 
an extended tour to the continent of Europe. After passing several months 
in Italy, Switzerland, and France, His Highness arrived in England in the 
following November. On the 5 th of December the Maharaja proceeded to 
Windsor, and had the honour of being most cordially received by Her Most 
Gracious Majesty the Queen Empress. His Highness, having previously 
received the honour of Knighthood, was on this occasion invested by the 
Queen Empress with the insignia of a Grand Commander of the Most 
Exalted Order of the Star of India. A second visit was paid to Europe by 
His Highness in 1889, which also greatly restored his health and vigour. 
But the hot climate of Gujarat, and excessive mental exertion, made it im- 
perative on him in the spring of 1892 to visit Europe once more; and 
accordingly His Highness left India a third time on 7th May 1892. With 
the Maharani he has again been graciously received by Her Majesty, who 
honoured the Maharani by personally conferring on her the insignia of the 
Imperial Order of the Crown of India. These visits of His Highness to 
England have been fruitful of the most valuable results to the Baroda State, 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 59 

and are in themselves evidence of the interest he takes in the social and 
material progress of his people. Both in 1887 and again in 1892, he has 
been attended by one of his ablest officials, the Rajashri Vasudeo Mddhava 
Samarth, who now holds the position of Chief Officer with His Higfcness. 

By the direction of His Highness scientific land-revenue survey has been 
introduced throughout the State, the existing revenue laws have been revised, 
new ones framed, and various restrictions and petty imposts, as well as 
transit duties, which entailed much hardship on the ryots, have been gradu- 
ally abolished. By these and various other means, the cultivators have been 
greatly encouraged to increase their holdings and improve their condition. 
The existing local regulations are being codiiied for securing a speedy and 
efficient administration of civil and criminal justice, in which work he has 
allowed the people to take part. His Highness has issued certain rules for 
the better working of the Police, and has brought up the military forces 
to a state of efficiency. But the greatest attention of the Maharaja Gaekwar 
has been given to matters of education. He has given a strong impetus to 
primary and higher education, as well as to technical training in industrial 
arts and handicrafts. There is an Arts College at Baroda, which is affiliated 
to the Bombay University, and teaches iip to the B.A. and B.Sc. standards. 
The vernacular schools have received a large accession to their number, and 
are still to be further multiplied by the establishment of thirty new schools 
every year. A recent rule to recognise by Government grants-in-aid every 
school which has not less than sixteen scholars on its roll has called into exist- 
ence hundreds of village schools for the instruction of the masses, hitherto 
untouched. Schools have also been opened for people of low castes, and 
boarding schools for the lowest and hitherto utterly neglected classes. 

Classes for teaching native music and scientific agriculture have been 
opened, whilst the establishment of a technical school for imparting a know- 
ledge of modern industries, and for improving the various handicrafts of the 
people, testifies to the anxiety His Highness entertains for the industrial 
progress of his State. Nor has the Maharaja Gaekwar forgotten the claims 
of female education, for in the various schools in his dorninions not only are 
girls given a sound mental training, but the physical training and the homely 
arts of sewing, embroidery, and cookery are not neglected. Hospitals and 
dispensaries have been provided in almost all the principal towns of the State ; 
and it has been lately decided to appoint a lady-doctor for administering to 
the medical needs of the female population. The magnificent new Palace, 
and various handsome buildings for schools, colleges, and hospitals, evince 
the keen desire of His Highness for the promotion of public works. Rail- 
ways have been extended in the territory of Baroda, and at present the State 
owns no less than 178 miles of railway. One of the most important recent 
engineering undertakings is the construction of extensive works at Ajwa for 
supplying the city of Baroda with pure water at the cost of about thirty lacs 
of rupees. 

The effects of the good and enlightened government of the present 
Gaekwir, and the consequent progress and prosperity of his State and people, 
were well summed up in a speech made by the late Viceroy of India, Lord 
Dufferin, on the occasion of His Excellency's visit to Baroda in November 
1886, from which may be quoted the following words : — 

" Although your Highness, with characteristic modesty, has passed very 
lightly over the many excellent works of a like nature which have been con- 



6o THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

structed under your auspices, all who are inhabitants of this place know that, 
thanks to the intelligent energy which has been exhibited by their ruler, few 
cities and few States have ever made greater progress in everything which tends 
to improve the social condition of their inhabitants than the State and city over 
which your Highness so auspiciously and benevolently rules. The air of 
universal prosperity which characterises your capital and district which surrounds it, 
the. happy and contented appearance of your people, are all marks of conscientious 
and intelligent administration, which have met my eye on every side ; the noble 
buildings which are rising in all directions under your Highness's auspices, and 
amply generous provision which you have made both for the needs and gratifica- 
tion of your people, have confirmed me in the opinion which I had already reason 
to entertain, that in your Highness India possesses one of the most promising, 
high-minded, and wise rulers with which she has been ever blessed. It is diffi- 
cult to convey in words the satisfaction which a Viceroy experiences at being able 
to arrive at such a conclusion in regard to one of the most influential and import- 
ant of Her Majesty's feudatory Princes. In your Highness I feel the Queen 
Empress possesses indeed the noble arkan-i-dawlut, a firm and trusted pillar of 
State, and that the Indian Government is entitled to regard you as a sympathetic 
and worthy coadjutor in its great work of advancing the general happiness and 
prosperity of the inhabitants of Hindustan. Believe me, Mahdrdji, there is no 
object dearer to my heart than to acquire the confidence and goodwill of the 
Princes of India, to make them feel with what kindly feelings I regard them, how 
anxious I am in respect to their rights, to maintain their dignity, to add to their 
consideration and izzatj but it becomes ten times easier to do this, and is a 
more perfect labour of love, when the conduct of a native ruler is so worthy of 
praise and admiration as your own." 

The State is one of the largest, richest, most populous, and most advanced 
in India. It contains an area of 8570 square miles. Its population is 
about 2,185,005, chiefly Hindus; but there are 174,980 Muhammadans, 
46,718 Jains, and 81 18 Parsis. The revenue of the State is about 
Rs. 1,53,00,000 per annum (at par ;^i, 530,000). In area the State of 
Baroda is considerably larger than either Saxony or Wiirtemberg ; its 
population is greater than that of Greece, and not much less than that of 
Switzerland. The Maharaja Gaekwar maintains a military force of 3562 
cavalry and 4988 infantry, with 38 guns. His Highness is entitled to a 
salute of 2 1 guns. The family colour is that red which is called Bhagwd, 
the colour of the red earth of the Mahabaleshwar hills. 

Residence. — Baroda, Western India. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 6i 

BARODA or SHBOPUR (GWALIOR), RAJA BIJAI SINGH, 

Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Bom 1862 ; succeeded to 'C!\& gadi 27th September 1865. Is a Kshatri 
Gaur (Hindu). The area of the State is 150 square miles; its population 
9000, chiefly Hindus. The Raja maintains a military force of 50 cavalry, 
400 infantry, and 5 guns. 

Residence. — Baroda, Gwalior, Central India. 

BARRA or BARDIA, RAO DAUKAL SINGH, Rao of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Rao was born in 1850; and succeeded to the gadi on the 25th 
August 1865. Is of a Rajput (Hindu) family. The population of the State 
is about 650, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Barra, Western Mdlw^, Central India. 

BARWANI (BHOPAWAR), RANA INDARJIT SINGH, Rand of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1840; succeeded to the gadi on the 15th August 1880. Is a 
Sisodiya Rajput, akin to the ruling House of Udaipur. The area of the 
State is 1362 square miles; its population 56,445, chiefly Hindus, with 
8605 belonging to aboriginal tribes. The Rana maintains a miltary force of 
17 cavalry, 225 infantry, and 9 guns. He is entitled to a salute of 9 
guns. 

Residence. — Barw£ni, Central India. 

BASANTA SINGH, CHAUDHRI, Rai Bahddur. 

Granted the title, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893. Is a 
landholder in the Bijnor district, North-Western Provinces. 
Residence. — Bijnor, North- Western Provinces. 

BASAWA SINGH (of Laroa), Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Jdlandhar, Punjab. 

BASHAHR, RAJA SHAMSHER, SINGH, Rdjd of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1839; succeeded to the gad/ in 1849. Belongs to a Rajput 
(Hindu) family claiming descent, through 120 generations, from Sri 
Krishna. It is said that Parduman Singh, grandson of Sri Krishna, came to 
Bashahr from Benares to marry the daughter of the Raja Bavasa Deo ; and 
that he ultimately slew Bavasa Deo, and obtained possession of the Raj. 
Between 1803 and 18 15 Bashahr was overrun by the Gurkhas; but on 
their expulsion in the latter year, the British Government granted a sanad to 
the Raja, confirming him in the possession of all his territories, except 



62 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

Rawani, which was given to Keonthal. The area of the State (which is one 
of the Simla Hill States) is 3257 square miles; its population is 64,345, 
chiefly Hindus. The Raja has a son named Tika Raghunath Singh. He 
maintains a military force of 100 infantry and 2 guns. 
Residence. — Bashahr, Punjab. 

BASHIR AHMAD, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born i860. Is the son-in-law of His late Highness Prince Intizam-ul- 
Mulk, third Prince of Arcot. Granted the title as a personal distinction in 
1887. 

Residence. — Madras. 

BASHIYAM AIYANGAE, V., Rai Bahddur. 

Is a B.A. and B.L. of the University of Madras ; appointed a Fellow of 
the University in 1880; Member of the Legislative Council of Fort St. 
George in 1888; granted the title as a personal distinction in 1887. An 
advocate of the Madras Bar. 

Residence. — Madras. 



BASITNAGAR, AMANAT PATIMA, Begutn of. 

Born 1832. Is the widow of the Nawab Dost Ali Khan of Basitnagar, 
who was succeeded on his death in 1864 by the Nawab Husain Ali Khan. 
On the death of the latter in 1871 the Begum succeeded to the title and 
estates. The family is of Pathan origin, and is descended from Dildar Khan, 
third son of the Nawab Diler Khan of Shahabad. The latter was a dis- 
tinguished Afghan officer under the Emperor Aurangzeb, who sent him to 
Shahabad to punish the Pande Panwar Brahmans, who had plundered a 
convoy of Imperial treasure on its way from Khairabad to Delhi. He slew 
all the bandits, and was granted their extensive possessions rajdgir, with the 
titles of Nawab and Haft Hazdri or commander of seven thousand. He 
founded the city of Shahabad, and built the great fort known as the Bari 
Deohri ; and his descendants held the grants rent free till Saadat Ali Khan 
resumed them. The title of Nawab was recognised by Government as 
hereditary in 1864. 

Residence. — Shdhabad, Hardoi, Gudh. 

BASODA (BHOPAL), NAWAB AMAR ALI KHAN, Nawdb of 

A Ruling Chief 

The Nawab was born about 1830; and succeeded to the ^flif? on the 
6th February 1864. He is a Pathan (Muhammadan) descended from the 
Nawab Dalel Khan, founder of the Kurwai State (^.v.) The area of the 
State is about 22 square miles; its population 7772, chiefly Hindus, but 
with 1454 Muhammadans. His sons are— Miin Haidar Ali Khan and 
Yusuf Ali Khan. 

Residence. — Basoda, Bhopdl, Central India. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 63 

BASTAR, RAJA BHAIRAM DEO, Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 21 St May 1839; succeeded to the gadi 2 7 th August 1853. Belongs 
to an ancient Rajput family of high caste ; whose founder, Kakati Partabrudra, 
came from Warangal in the Deccan, and settled at Bastar about the beginning 
of the 14th century. The area of the State is 13,062 square miles; its 
population 196,248, of whom over 36,000 belong to Gond, Bhil, and other 
aboriginal tribes, the rest being chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Jagdalpur, Bastar, Central Provinces. 

BASTI, Rdjd of. See Mahesh Sitla Bakhsh Singh. 

BAW, MAUNG HLAING, Ngwegunhmu of 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Ngwegunhmu is one of the Shan Chiefs, and rules over a State of 
about 350 square miles. 

Residence. — Baw, Shan States, Burma. 

BAWNIN, SAW KIN, Myoza of 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Myoza is one of the Shan Chiefs, and rules over a State of 30 square 
miles. 

Residence. — Bawnin, Shan States, Burma. 

BAWZAING, MAUNG KYA YWBT, Ngwegunhmu of 
A RuKng Chief. 

The Ngwegunhmu is one of the Shan Chiefs, and rules over a State of 
20 square miles. 

Residence. — Bawzaing, Shan States, Burma. 

■ 

BECHARDAS VBHARIDAS, DBSAI, Sarddr, Rao Bahddur. 

Born 26th February 1844. Third son of the Rao Bahadur Desai 
Veharidas Ajubhai, whose eldest son, Desai Haridas Veharidas, is now Diwdn 
(Prime Minister) of the Jundgarh State in Kathiawar. Educated at Nadiad 
and Ahmadabad. Appointed Member of the Local Board of Taluka Anand, 
Zilla Kaira in 1867. Was the chief promoter of the "Agricultural Com- 
mittee" appointed at Nadiad in 1878, and of the exhibitions of agricultural 
products of the district held at Nadiad since the year 1883. President of 
the Municipal Committee, Nadiad, from 1886 to 1889; received the title of 
"Rao Bahadur" from Government in 1887; elected a Member of the 
Legislative Council, Bombay, in 1888; and granted the title of "Sardar" in 
the same year. The family claims descent from the Kshatriya family reigning 
in the Punjab in the time of Alexander the Great ; subsequently migrating to 
Malwa, its leading member is said to have been appointed there Diwan. 



64 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

Twelve hundred years later part of the family is said to have migrated to 
Adalaj, near Ahmadabad, in the time of Siddhraj Jayasingh, and a branch 
ultimately settled at Nadiad. The founder of this branch having rendered 
good service to the then Mughal Emperor, was invited to the Imperial 
presence, and received the title of Desdi with estates and pdlkhi from the 
Emperor. Vaghjibhai, the fourth in lineal descent from the founder, rendered 
valuable services both to the Peshwa and to the Gaekwar ; and also played 
an important part in bringing about a compromise after the battle of Adas 
in 1775. For this he received in indm the village of Bilodra, which the 
family enjoyed up to 181 6. Prabhudas, the grandson of Vaghjibhai, assisted 
Colonel Walker in settling the terms of the treaties made by the British 
Government with the Mehwasi Thakurs in the Mahi Kantha, and received a 
pdlkhi in indm from the British Government in 1806. Desai Prabhudas's 
grandson was Desai Veharidas Ajubhai (the first mentioned above), who was a 
member of the Vatan Commission, and Honorary Second Class Magistrate. 
He was invited by Government to the Imperial Delhi Assemblage in 1877, 
where he received the title of " Rao Bahadur." 

Residence. — Kaira, Bombay. 

BED SARAN KUNWAR (of Agori Barhar), Rdni. 

Born 1 85 1. The title is hereditary, the Chandel Rajas of Barhar being 
descended, it is said, from Pari Mai and Bari Mai of Mahoba in Bundelkhand, 
who some hundreds of years ago took service with Raja Madan of the Baland 
family of the Kharwar tribe, and after killing him, divided his country and 
founded the three principalities of Barhar, Bijaigarh, and Bardi, in Rewah. 
About a century later, near the year 1290, the exiled Balands collected a 
force, surprised the fort and palace of Agori, and killed every male of the 
Chandel race. But one of the queens of the fallen Chandel Raja, who had 
fled to the forest, shortly afterwards gave birth to a prince, who was named 
Orandeo, from the shield (pran) on which he was cradled. When he grew 
up, his merits attracted the notice of the Raja of Kantit ; who gave him his 
daughter in marriage, and helped him to recover the Barhar Raj, about the 
year 131 o. In 1745 Sambhu Sah was Raja, and he was conquered and 
expelled by Raja Balwant Singh ; but in 1781 Warren Hastings, as Governor- 
General, ordered the restoration of Adil Sah, the grandson of Raja Sambhu 
Sah. The estates continued in the possession of the family till 1852, when 
Raja Raghunath Sah died, and they came under the Court of Wards. His 
son, Raja Kesho Saran Sah, attained his majority in 1868 ; but died without 
issue in 187 1, leaving his widow, the present Rani, in possession of the 
estates for her life. Her heir is Babu Jagannath Prasad Singh of Jamgaon, 
who is descended from Babu Rachpal Singh (brother of Raja Adil Sah, 
mentioned above), and is about 35 years of age. 

Residence. — Rdjpur, Mirzapur, North- Western Provinces. 

BEHRAMJI DADABHAI, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 23rd October 1831. The Khan Bahadur's name is also sometimes 
spelt Byramjee Dadabhoy. The title was conferred on 3rd April 1880, as a 
personal distinction, in recognition of highly meritorious service in many 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 65 

important and responsible public offices. The Khan Bahadur is the eldest 
son of the late Khan Saheb Dadabhai Shapurji, an eminent public servant, 
who had received a sherpao (or " Dress of Honour ") from the Bombay 
Government in 1837, and the title of Khan Saheb in 1847. Educated at 
Thanna, and Surat, and Elphinstone College, Bombay. Entered the Govern- 
ment Service in 1853; and having distinguished himself in various civil 
capacities, was specially selected in 1865 to succeed Colonel Dunsterville as 
Deputy Registrar-General and Registrar of Bombay — being the first gentle- 
man of Indian birth ever appointed to fill that high office. Appointed J. P. 
in 1869; in 1872 a Delegate of the Parsi Chief Matrimonial Court in 
Bombay; in 1879 acted as Inspector-General of Registration ; in 1878, and 
again in 1880, elected a Member of the Municipal Corporation of the City 
of Bombay ; and served in many other public offices " with credit to himself 
and advantage to the public," as testified by the Bombay Government when 
in 1880 he was recommended for the title of Khan Bahadur. He was 
married, 28th February 1848, to Bale Sonabaie, eldest daughter of Khan 
Saheb Cowashaw Sorabshaw Taleiyarkhan of Surat ; and has issue. His 
sons are — (i) Jehangeer Byramjee Dadabhoy, born 1864, married 1885 to 
Khorsetbanu Hormusjee Pestonjee Cama ; and (2) Manikji Behramji 
Dadabhai, born 1865, barrister-at-law of the Middle Temple 1887, J.P. for 
Bombay 1888, Municipal Councillor for Bombay i88g; married 1884 to 
Jerbanu Dadabhai Palanji Bhedwar. His daughters are — (i) Awabaie, 
born 1 85 1, married 1865 to Ardasir Cursetji Ghandie, who died in 1874 ; 

(2) Dhanbaiji, born 1859, married 1877 to Dhanjibhoy Nasirwanji Ghista ; 

(3) Pherozebaie, born 1861, married 1877 to Framji Cursetji Rustamji 
Thanawala. His brothers are — (i) Cowashaw Dadabhoy, born 1845, married 
1865 to Jerbaie Bargorji Hadda ; (2) Cursetjee Dadabhoy, born 1850, 
married 1886 to Gulbaie Jamsetjee Seenawala. 

Residence. — Foras Road, Byculla, Bombay. 

BEHRAMJI JEHANGIRJI RAJ KOTWALA, Khdn Bahdiur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred 24th May 1889, in recognition 
of his public services. The Khan Bahadur's name is also sometimes spelt 
Byramjee (or Byramji) Jehanghirji Rajkotwala. Is a Delegate of the Parsi 
Matrimonial Court at Karachi, and Member of the Sindh Sabha ; was 
Honorary Special Magistrate at Nasik and Karachi from 1869 to 1890; 
acted as Chairman of the Nasik Municipality in 1880 and 1883. 

Residence. — Karachi, Sind. 

BELASAR PARIDA, Sdmant Rai. 

This is one of the titles that appear not to have been formally recognised 
by Government. It was originally obtained from one of the old Rajas of 
Kujung. 

Residence. — Cuttack, Orissa. 

BELT RAM, Rai Bahddur. 
Granted the title, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893, for emi- 
nent services in the Lahore Medical College. Is an Assistant Surgeon. 
Residence. — Lahore, Punjab. 

F 



66 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

BENARES, HIS HIGHNESS SIR PRABHU NARAYAN SINGH, 
K.C.I.B., Mahdrdjd Bahddur of. 

Born 26th November 1855; succeeded 13th June 1889; has issue — 
Kunwar Aditya Narayan Singh, born 6th November 1875. The family are 
Brahmans of the Bhuinhar clan ; and their traditions go back to the year 
1000, when a Brahman ascetic of Utaria, a village near Benares, foretold the 
succession of his posterity to the dominions then governed by a Hindu Raja. 
Some centuries later, in the decay of the Mughal Empire, some of the family 
who attempted to assert a turbulent independence were severely chastised by 
one of the lieutenants of the Emperor Farrukhsiyar. In the succeeding 
reign Mausa Ram, the eldest brother of the branch occupying the ancient 
seat of the family in Utaria, rose to great favour with the Governor of 
Benares under the Nawab Vazir of Oudh. On the death of Mausa Ram in 
1739 his son Balwant Singh sent an offering to Delhi, and received from the 
Emperor his confirmation in the government of the Jaunpur, Benares, and 
Chunar districts, with the possession in his own right of four Parganas, and 
the title of Raji Bahadur, which the family has held as an hereditary title 
•ever since. In 1763, when the Emperor and the Nawab Vazir of Oudh 
marched eastward to expel the British from Bengal, Raja Balwant Singh was 
•compelled to join them, but his troops took no part in the battle of Baksdr, 
being stationed on the other side of the Ganges, and when he fled to one of 
his hill fortresses he was called back to receive confirmation of his posses- 
sions under the British Power. On the death of Balwant Singh in 1770 the 
Nawab Vazir of Oudh desired to seize the Benares territory, but the British 
Government compelled him to recognise Chait Singh, the son of Balwant 
Singh, as Raja under the British suzerainty, and by the treaty of 1775 the 
territory was finally declared British. The differences between Raja Chait 
Singh and the Calcutta Government under Warren Hastings are historically 
famous, as they became the subject of one of the articles of the impeachment 
that was framed against the great Governor-General. The Raja was deprived 
of his government, which was given on conditions to his nephew, Rdja 
Mahip NarAyan, son of Balwant Singh's daughter, and he died in exile at 
Gwalior under the protection of the Mahiraja Sindhia. Raja Mahip Narayan 
died in 1795, and was succeeded by his son Udit Narayan Singh; and the 
latter in 1835 by his nephew and adopted son. Raja Ishri Parshad Narayan 
Singh Bahadur, who, for his loyal services at the time of the Mutiny, received 
in 1859 the title of Mahdraja Bahadur as a personal distinction. On the 
ist January 1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious 
Majesty as Empress of India, the Maharaja Bahadur was created a Knight 
Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India ; and on 
his death in 1889 he was succeeded by his nephew and adopted son, the 
present Raja. On the 8th February 1889 the late Maharaja Bahadur had 
been granted the privilege, as a personal distinction, of being addressed as 
" His Highness," and in September of that year the present Rajd, was granted 
the same privilege, with the title of Maharaja Bahadur, also as personal dis- 
tinctions. The Maharaja has been exempted from personal appearance in 
the Civil Courts, and has been assured by sanad that, in the case of failure of 
natural heirs, the Government will permit and confirm any adoption of a suc- 
cessor made by himself or any future Raja that may be in accordance with 
Hindu law and the customs of his family. He is entitled to a salute of t 3 guns. 

Residences. — Rdmnagar, Benares ; Chakya, Mirzapur. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 67 



BBNKAT EAO. See Vyankat Rao 

BBRI (BUNDBLKHAND), RAO BIJAI SINGH, Jdgirddr of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 14th February 1848 ; succeeded to the gadi i8th March 1862. Is 
a Puar Rajput, descended from Acharjya, who married a daughter of the 
Maharaja Jagat Raj, son of the Maharaja Chhatarsal of Jaitpur, and received 
the j'dgir of Beri. He was succeeded by his son, Khuman Singh, whose 
son, Jugal Prasad, received a sanad from the British Government. His 
grandson, Bishnath Singh, adopted the present Jagirdar, who is a descendant 
from the Maharaja Jagat Raj by a collateral line. The title is hereditary ; 
the Jagirdars have sometimes been styled Sawai Rao, from their ancestor 
Jagat Raj. The present Rao's son is Kunwar Bahadur Noni Raghuraj 
Singh. The State has an area of about 2 8 square miles, and a population of 
about 5000, chiefly Hindus. The Rao maintains a military force of 10 
cavalry, 66 infantry, and 2 guns. 

Residence. — Beri, Bundelkhand, Central India. 



BBTTIAH, MAHARAJA SIR HARBNDRA KISHOR SING-H, 
K.C.I.B., Mahdrdjd Bahddur of. 

Born in March 1854 ; succeeded his father, the late Maharaja Rajendra 
Kishor Singh Bahadur, in 1883, and in 1884 received the title of Maharaja 
Bahadur as a personal distinction, with a khilat and sanad from the hands of 
the Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal. Created a Knight Commander of the 
Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on ist March 1889. Belongs to 
a Jaitharia Brahman (Hindu) family, descended from Gangeshwar Deo, who 
settled at Jaithar in Saran, Bengal, about the year 1244 a.d. One of his 
descendants. Agar Sen, having possessed himself by force of arms (during 
the later years of the reign of the Emperor Jahangir) of a considerable terri- 
tory in Champaran, declared himself a Raja, and ultimately obtained a 
confirmation of that title from the Emperor Shah Jahan. In 1659 he was 
succeeded by his son. Raja Guj Singh, who built the palace of the family at 
Bettiah. He incurred the anger of the Emperor of Delhi by the annexation 
of many surrounding districts, and after successfully resisting one party of 
Imperial troops sent against him, was captured by a second party, and carried 
a prisoner to Delhi. He was subsequently released, and confirmed in his 
possession, on his undertaking to send an annual offering of jungle and other 
produce to Delhi. He died in 1694 a.d., leaving six sons, of whom three 
died without issue. The eldest, Raja Dalip Singh, succeeded his father at 
Bettiah, the second was the ancestor of Raja Sheoraj Nandan Singh of 
Seohar in Muzaffarpur {q.v.), and the third was the ancestor of the Zamindars 
of Madhubani in Darbhanga. Dalip Singh's son and successor. Raja Dhrup 
Singh, received & firmdn from the Emperor Farrukhsiyar. In 1760 he was 
summoned to help the Emperor Shah Alam in his expedition to Bengal • and 
subsequently, to escape the exactions of the Nawab Mir Kasim of Patna, he 
poisoned himself, and was succeeded by his daughter's son. Raja Jugalkishor 
Singh. The latter, after many vicissitudes of fortune, seems to have been 



68 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

recognised by the British Government ; and his grandson, Raja Anandakishor, 
received the title of Maharaja Bahadur, with a khilat, as a personal distinction 
from Lord William Bentinck for good services rendered during the Nepalese 
war. He was followed by his brother and his nephew successively ; atnd the 
latter, the Maharaja Rajendrakishor Singh, who succeeded in 1855, rendered 
good service in the time of the Mutiny, and also during the great famine. He 
was succeeded in 1883 by his only son, the present head of the family, who 
was appointed a Member of the Legislative Council of Bengal in January 
1891. The Maharajd was created a Knight Commander of the Most 
Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, 2 8th June i i 
Residence. — Bettiah, Champiran, Bengal. 



BBYPORE, Valiya Rdjd of. See Rama Varma Raja, Rdjd. 

BBZANJI SOHRABJI, Khan Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on i8th August 1881. 
Residence. — B ombay. 

BHABAR, The Chief of. 
A Ruling Chief 
The area of the State is 80 square miles; its population is 7222. 
Residence. — Bhabar, Pdlanpur, Bombay. 



BHADARVA, RANA FATBH SINGH SARDAR SINGH, Rdnd of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born about 1850 ; succeeded to thegadi 26th January 1888. The area 
of the State is 27 square miles; its population 9185. 
Residence. — Bhadarva, Rewd Kdntha, Bombay. 



BHADAUR. See Atar Singh, Sardar, Sir, K.C.I.E. 



BHADAURA (GUNA), RAJA MADHO SINGH, Rdjd of 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Raja is descended from a Sisodhiya Rajput (Hindu) family; was born 
in the year 1876, and succeeded to the gadi on the 10th May 1883. The 
State has a population of about 4000, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence.— Bha.da.ura, Guna, Central India. 



BHADAWAR, Mahdrdid of See Mahendra Mahendra Singh. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 69 

BHADVA, JARBJA BHAV SINGH JI, Chief of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born about 1826 ; succeeded to the gadi in 1843. The area of the State 
is 7 square miles; its population 1231, chiefly Hindus. 
Residence. — Bhadva, Kdthidwir, Bombay. 

BHAG RAM, PANDIT (of Jdlandhar), Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on nth August 1885. 
Residence. — Kashmir. 

BHAG SINGH (of Sikandra), Sarddr. 

Descended from Dargaha Singh, who acquired a considerable territory by 
conquest in 1759 a.d. His possessions were subsequently reduced by other 
Sikh Sardars. He had four sons, of whom the third, Sardar Agar Singh, 
was the father of Sardar Bhag Singh. The Sardar has a son, named Jowahir 
Singh. The title is hereditary. 

Residence. — -Ambila, Punjab. 

BHAGAT SINGH, Sarddr Bahddur. 

Born 1846. The title is personal; and was conferred on 19th April 
1886, in recognition of eminent services in the Department of Public Works, 
Rajputana. Claims descent from an ancient Kshatriya family of Sikh 
Sardars, of the " Party of Raja Sahibsingh," settled in the district of Gujrat, 
Punjab. The Sardar Bahadur has four sons living — Sardar Krishna Singh 
Kapur (barrister-at-law of the Middle Temple, 1887), Lahore; Sardar Vishnu 
Singh Kapur (of the Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester, and of the 
Middle Temple) ; Govind Singh ; Hari Singh. 

Residence. — Kapur Mahil, Gujrat, Punjab. 

BHAGAT SINGH (of KapurthalA), Sarddr, CLE. 

The Sardar was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the 
Indian Empire, ist January 1890. 
Residence. — Kapurthald. 

BHAGWAN BAKHSH (of Pokhra Ansari), Rdjd. 

Born ist September 1872. The title is hereditary, and was recognised 
as such, 4th December 1877, when the Raja succeeded his father. Raja 
Umrao Singh, as a minor. The family is a younger branch of the Amethia 
Chattris {see Rameshwar Bakhsh Singh, Raja of Amethi), descended from 
Prithvi Chand, Raja of Kilinjar. His descendant, Jamdhor Singh, had 
three sons, of whom the third was Ram Singh, who, on the division of the 
estates, took Pokhra Ansari, with the title of Rao. It is said that his great- 
grandson, Rao Kalian Singh, saluted a celebrated fakir with the respectful 



70 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

address of Bandagi Midn, and the grateful saint responded with a blessing on 
the " Raja," whence the title was ever afterwards borne by this branch, who 
are known as the "Bandagi Mian Amethias." A descendant, Rao Amar 
Singh, endeavoured to assert his independence in the time of Shuja-ud-daula, 
after the latter had been defeated by the English ; but he was subsequently 
defeated and slain by the Nawab's forces. His son, Madho Singh, 
ultimately regained most of his possessions. After his death, the property 
saw many changes, and at last fell into the hands of Raja Sahajram 
Bakhsh. He was followed by Raja Umrao Singh, the father of the present 
Raja. 

Residence. — Rowni, Haidargarh, Bara Banki, Gudh. 



•BHAGWAN DAS, Rai Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 29th May 1886. 
Residejtce. — Rangoon, Burma. 

BHAGWAN SINGH, Sarddr Bahadur. 

Born 1834. Belongs to a Jat family, whose founder, Sardar Ram Singh, 
acquired the territory of Buner and other districts in 1 7 5 1 a.d. The family 
appear to have done good service during the Gurkha Campaign, the first 
Sikh war, and lastly during the Mutiny in 1857. For the latter service 
they received as a reward the remission of a year's commutation tax, and 
one-sixteenth of the whole has been excused in perpetuity. The Sardar 
Bhagwan Singh, whose title of Sardar is hereditary, is an Honorary 
Magistrate in the Ambala district ; and on ist January 1890 received the 
title of Sardar Bahadur as a personal distinction. His son is named 
Brijandar Singh. 

Residence. — Sohana Bedwan, Ambila, Punjab. 

BHAGWANT DAYAL, THAKURAI, Mai Bahddur. 

Granted the title of Rai Bahadur, as a personal distinction, 2nd 
January 1893. The present Thakurai, who has done good service on 
several occasions, received the thanks of Government for his measures 
of famine relief. He claims descent from Raja Dushasan Singh of 
Dadand, of a very old Rajput family in Rajputana. One of his ancestors 
took service under Raja Mansingh, Raja of Palamau, whose throne after- 
wards he contrived to seize. Thakurai Ramban Singh, an ancestor of the 
present Thdkurai, rendered good service when the English first took Palamau ; 
and Thakurai Chhatardhari Singh, great-grandfather of the present Thakurai, 
obtained from Government many rewards, including a jdgir, the title of Rai 
Bahadur, a khilat and sarpech, etc., for his services at the time of the Kol 
rebellion. The father also of the present Thakurai did good service at the 
time of the famine in 1873, and received a sanad at the Imperial Assemblage 
at Delhi in 1877. 

Residence. — Chainpur, PdMmau, Lohdrdagd, Bengal. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 7i 



BHAGWAT MAHANTI, Rai Bahadur. 

Born 3rd March 1821 ; son of Jugal Mahanti, belonging to a family of 
Karan or Utkal Kayasthas. Entered the service of the Government of 
Bengal in the year 1839, and served for more than fifty years in a large 
number of offices with ability and fidelity, retiring on pension in 189 1. In 
1870 he received a gold watch and chain from the Bengal Government, in 
recognition of "his long and valuable services," as well as in consideration of 
"his successful exertions during the famine of 1866 " ; and in 1886 the title 
of Rai Bahadur was conferred upon him as a personal distinction. The Rai 
Bahadur has seven sons — Ramkrishna Mahanti, Jaikrishna Mahanti, 
Bhuvaneshwar Mahanti, Nandakishor Mahanti, Govindacharan Mahanti, 
Paramanand Mahanti, and Sadanand Mahanti. 

Residence. — Pompalo, Kothdesh, Puri, Orissa. 



BHAIRON SINGH (of Maslai), Rao. 

Born 22nd March 1855. The title is hereditary; and is said to have 
been originally received from Gori Shah, Badshah. In 1820 the then Rao 
received a sanad from Sir John Malcolm. The Rao has a son, named 
Omar Singh. 

Residence. — Nimir, Central Provinces. 



BHAISAXHO, Bhuniia of. See Ghari. 

BHAISAUNDA (Bundelkhand), CHAUBB GHHATARSAL 
PRASAD, Jdgirddr of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

The Jagirdar is of a Chaube Brahman (Hindu) family, descended from 
Ram Krishna Chaube, Killadar of Kalinjar [see Paldeo), and was born about 
the year 1878. He succeeded to \hs. gadi on the i6th January 1886. The 
area of the State is 12 square miles ; its population over 4000, chiefly 
Hindus. The Jagirdar's great-grandfather, Newal Kisor, was third son of 
Ram Krishna Chaube, referred to above ; and received a sanad from the 
British Government. The Jagirdar maintains a force of 52 soldiers. 

Residence. — Bhaisaunda, Bundelkhand, Central India. 



BHAISOLA or DOTRIA (BHOPAWAR), THAKUR BHIM 
SINGH, Thdkur of 

A Ruling Chief. 

The Thakur is descended from a Rajput (Hindu) family ; and was born 
about the year 182 1. Succeeded to the gadi in the year 1842. The 
population of the State is nearly 3000. 

Residence. — Bhaisola, Bhopdwar, Central India. 



72 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



BHAJJI, BANA DURGA SINGH, Rdnd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1842 ; succeeded to the gadi on the i8th November 1875. 
Belongs to a Rajput family, whose founder in early times came from Kangra, 
and acquired the State (which is one of the Simla Hill States) by 
conquest. It was overrun by the Gurkhas between 1803 and 18 15; and 
after their expulsion was confirmed in the possession of the Rana by a sanad 
from the British Government, dated 4th September 1815. Its area is 94 
square miles; population 12,106, chiefly Hindus. The Chief maintains a 
military force of 60 infantry and i gun. 

Residence. — Bhajji, Punjab. 

BHALUSNA, THAKUR MULSINGHJI, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief 
Born about 1852 ; is descended from a Koli (Hindu) family. 
Residence. — Bhalusna, Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay. 

BHAMBO EHAN,/i»2. 

Born 1835. The title is hereditary, having been originally conferred on 
the Jam's ancestor, Saispal, when converted to Muhammadanism by Sayyid 
Jalal-ud-din. The Jam has two sons — Khan Muhammad Alam Khan and 
Gulam Ali Khan ; they bear the titles of Mian and Khan respectively. The 
Jam is a considerable Jagirdar in the district of Shikarpur. 

Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

BHAN PARTAB (of Imjhira), Rdjd Bahddur. 

The title is hereditary; and was conferred on i8th July 1858 on Raja 
Surat Singh Bahadur (cousin of the present Raja), who was conspicuous for 
his loyalty, and for the brave resistance he and his followers offered to the 
rebels, in the Mutiny of 1857. Belongs to a Lodhi family, whose ancestors 
had in early times the title of Thakur, and have been settled in the 
Narsinghpur district from time immemorial. In 1835 the title of Rao was 
conferred on Surat Singh (afterwards Raja Bahadur) by the Raja of Delehri. 
When Raja Surat Singh died in 1870, the succession of his uncle. Raja 
Manbodh Singh Bahadur, was recognised by the Government. He was 
appointed an Honorary Magistrate ; and on his death was succeeded by his 
only son, the present Raja Bahadur. 

Residence. — Narsinghpur, Central Provinces. 

BHAO MUNSARAM, Rao Bahddur. 

Granted the title, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893, for eminent 
services in municipal work. Is a Commissioner of the Poona Municipality. 
Residence. — Poona, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 73 



BHAO SINGH (of Piparia), Thdkur. 

Born 1858. The title is hereditary. The Thakur succeeded his father, 
Thakur Bhagwan Singh. 

Residence. — Piparia, Jabalpur, Central Provinces. 

BHARADPURA (BHOPAWAR), BHUMIA UDAI SINGH, 

Chief of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

The Chief is a Bhilala, born about 1848 ; succeeded to the gadi'va. 1858. 
The population of the State is 1724, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Bharadpura, Bhopdwar, Central India. 

BHARAT SINGH, Manki. 

This is one of the titles that appear never to have been formally recog- 
nised by the Government. The Manki has a son named Jagannath Singh, 
who bears the title of Babu. 

Residence. — Mdnbhum, Bengal. 

BHARTPUR, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAJA BIRJINDAR 
SAWAI SIR JASWANT SINGH BAHADUR, BAHADUR 
JANG, G.C.S.I., Mahdrdja of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1 8 5 1 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor in 1853: invested with full 
powers 4th March 1871. Is of a Jat (Hindu) family, descended from Bal- 
cliand, who founded the Bhartpur State about the beginning of the i8th 
century. The fifteenth in descent from Balchand was the Maharaja Brig 
Singh, and seven generations further comes His Highness the present Maha- 
raja. The banner of this Chief is coloured red ; its motto is, Sri Lachmanji 
Sahai. His son is the Kunwarji Ram Singh Bahadur. The area of the 
State is about 1974 square miles; its population 645,540, chiefly Hindus, 
but with 105,666 Muhammadans and 4499 Jains. His Highness maintains 
a military force of 1647 cavalry, 8207 infantry, and 54 guns. He is entitled 
to a salute of 1 5 guns, and 2 guns more as a personal distinction. 

Residence. — Bhartpur, Rdjput^na. 

BHASKARA, Rdjd. See Ramnad. 

BHATKHBRI, RAWAT SHBO SINGH, Rdwat of 
A Ruling Chief 

The Rawat is a Chandrawat Rajput (Hindu), born about the year 1842 ; 
succeeded to the gadi in 1861. The population of the State is 2234, chiefly 
Hindus. 

Residence. — Bhatkheri, Western Mdlwd, Central India. 



74 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 




BHAUNAGAR, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAJA SIR TAKHT- 
SINGHJI JASWATSINGHJI, G.C.S.I., Mahdrdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 6th January 1858 ; succeeded to the gadi on the death of his father, 
Jaswatsinghji, K.C.S.I., in April 1870. Educated first at Bhaunagar, he was 

one of the first Princes who joined 
the Keatinge Rajkumdr College at 
Rajkot, where he studied for three 
years, and was distinguished for his 
diligence and docile and amiable 
disposition — a favourite with both 
schoolfellows and masters. On 
leaving the Rajkumar College in 
1874 his studies were continued 
under a specially selected tutor, 
Captain (now Colonel) H. L. Nutt, 
of the Bombay Staff Corps. During 
his minority the State was jointly 
administered by an European officer 
of Government associated with a 
native Minister of State; but in 
March 1877 His Highness took the place of the native Minister, and 
so continued until within nine months of attaining his majority, when 
(5th April 1878) he was placed in sole charge. On the 24th May 1881 
Her Majesty the Empress of India conferred the honour of a EJiight 
Commander of the Star of India on His Highness, in which exalted Order 
he was advanced to Grand Commander on the ist January 1886; and His 
Excellency the Viceroy five years later conferred as a personal distinction 
the high title of Maharaja. His Highness has married six wives, five of 
whom are alive — their Highnesses Rani Shri Nahniba, Rani Shri Hariba, 
and Rani Shri Bajirajba, married 1874; Rani Shri Bairajba, married 1879; 
and Rani Shri Keserba, married 1888, and has issue. His sons are — 

Kumdr Shri Bhausinghji, bom 26th April 1875. 
Kumdr Shri Mangalsinghji, born 3rd June 1881. 

His Highness's daughters are — 

KumSri Shri Rdmbd. 
Kumdri Shri Kesib£ 
Kumd,ri Shri Rupalibi. 

Any account of the predecessors of His Highness would cover the history 
of the illustrious tribe or clan of the Gohel Rajputs of Kdthiiwdr, of whom he is 
the Chief, and after whom the eastern part of the province of K^thidwdr is called 
Gohelvvad. The Gohels claim to be descended from the celebrated Pindavs, 
who belonged to the lunar or Chandravansi race, and so trace their line from the 
celebrated Shalivahan, the founder of the Shaka era, while Colonel Tod and 
others assert that the Gohels belong to the Solar race. The old family title of 
"R^wal" was earned (as appears at page 258 of Tod's Western India) at the 
memorable battle of Chitor, fought with AM-ud-din Khilji in 1303 A.D. There 
are evidences going as far back as 812 A.D. which show that the Gohels ruled in 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 75 

Saurashtra (Kithidwdr) from a very remote period. On the fall of the Delhi 
Empire, when the Mahratta power gradually rose into importance, the capital of 
the State was at Sihor, with Bhausingji as ruler, at which time (1722-23 a.d.) an 
encounter with the Mahratta army took place near Sihor, and resulted in the 
defeat of the Mahrattas. The struggle showed the weakness of the position of 
the capital, and Bhausingji chose the present site and founded the city of Bhau- 
nagar, which he considered more secure. He died in 1764 A.D., and was suc- 
ceeded by his son Akherajji. Akherajji assisted the Mahrattas against the 
Mughal Viceroy Mominkhan, and in 1771 assisted the British Government in re- 
ducing the pirate stronghold of Talaji. It was this ruler, too, who, at the request 
of the Resident at Baroda, gave shelter to Raghundth Rao Peshwd, then a 
refugee, sending him to Bombay in one of his own vessels. Akherajji died in 
1772, and was succeeded by his son Wakhatsinghji. Wakhatsinghji largely ex- 
tended his dominions, was a wise ruler and intrepid soldier, and during his life- 
time cultivated the friendship of the British then trading in Surat. He died in 
1 81 6, and was succeeded by his son Wajesinghji, who after a prosperous reign, 
extending over a period of thirty-six years, died in 1852, and was succeeded by 
his grandson Akherajji III., his son Bhausingji having died during his lifetime. 
Akherajji III. died in 1854, and having no male issue was succeeded by his 
brother Jaswatsinghji, who died in 1870, and was succeeded by his son 
Takhtsinghji, the present ruler. The latter has effected great and rapid improve- 
ments in his dominions. Liberal in his charities, generous in his grants for the 
public good, he has constructed over 120 miles of railway at an expense of over 
eighty lacs of rupees, intersected his State with roads, studded the country with 
important public works, beautified his capital with permanent buildings of a most 
ornamental character, instituted a State Council, and revised the State laws, civil 
and criminal. At his capital he has from time to time received special visits 
from their Excellencies the Governors of Bombay ; and in 1 890 was honoured by 
a visit of His Royal Highness the late Duke of Clarence and Avondale, who, 
journeying to a new port founded by His Highness in the South Coast, and now 
known as Port Albert Victor, there laid the foundation-stone of the new harbour 
works. His loyalty to the British Crown is second to none in India, and he has 
recently, at a cost of over five lacs of rupees, formed for Imperial service a regi- 
ment of Lancers — 350 strong — of men chiefly of his own clan, of which corps he 
is Honorary Colonel. 

The area of his State is 2860 square miles ; the population 464,671, and 
the annual gross revenue Rs.41, 00,000. 

Arms. — Gules, an eagle or displayed ; in chief on a canton of the second, a 
lion statant of the first. Crest. — An Eastern galley argent profile in full sail. 
Supporters. — Two bulls argent rampant, service with bezant. Motto. — 
f-^vn 75|»T S'ST ofTTT (" ^^i^ proposes but God disposes ") on a label azure. 

Residence. — The Motibagh Palace, Bhaunagar. Club. — The Indian North- 
brook, 3 Whitehall Gardens, London. 



76 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



BHAWAL, RAM SINGH, Seim of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born about 1864, succeeded to the gadi 25th September 1889. The 
Seim is a Khasi, and his State is situated in the Khasi and Jaintia Hills. Its 
population is about 555, chiefly Khasis and Christians. 

Residetice. — Bhawal, Khasi and Jaintia Hills, Assam. 

BHAWANI GHULAM PAL (of MahuU), Rdjd. 

Born 1844. The title is hereditary, the Raja being a Surajbans Rajput, 
descended from the family of Alakdeo and Tilakdeo, who killed Kaulbil the 
Rajbhar about the year 1580, and seized his domains situated in the Pargand 
of Mahuli, Basti district. Subsequently the family obtained the title of Pal 
from the Emperor of Delhi. The Raja has a son named Lai Narendra 
Bahadur Pal. 

Residence. — Mahson, Basti, North-Western Provinces. 

BHAWANI PRIYA BARNANI (of Gauripur), Rdni. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890. 
Residence. — Goilpdra, Assam. 

BHIKAM NARAYAN SINGH (of Deo), Rdjd Bahddur. 

See Deo. 

BHIKAN KHAN, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1 22 1, Fasli &ra.. The title is personal, and was conferred on ist 
January 1877, for eminent services during the famine of 1873-74. Has a 
son, named Golam Dastgir Khan. 

Residence. — Muzafifarpur, Bengal. 



BHIKHAJI AMUT CHAUBE, Rao Saheb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888 for eminent 
services in the Medical Department. 
Residence. — Baroda, Bombay. 

BHIMACHARYA BIN RAMBHAT LALKIKAR, 

Mahdmahopddhydya. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd January 1888, for 
eminent scholarship and oriental learning. It entitles him to take rank in 
Darbar immediately after titular Rajas. 

Residence. — B ombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 77 



BHINGA, RAja of. See Udai Partab Singh. 

BHOJAKHBRI, RAO BHAWANI SINGH, Rao of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

The Rao is descended from a Rajput (Hindu) family, and was born 
about the year 1858 j succeeded to the gadt on the 9th December 1879. 
The population of his State is about 250, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Bhojakheri, Western Mdlwd, Central India. 

BHOLA RAM, Rai Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence. — 

BHOLANATH BISWAS, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 



78 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 




BHOPAL, HER HIGHNESS NAWAB SHAH JAHAN 
BEGUM, G.C.S.I., C.I., Begum of. 

A Ruling Princess. 

Her Highness the Nawab Shah Jahan Begum is the seventh in Hneal 
descent from the famous Dost Muhammad Khan, founder of the Bhopal 

dynasty; was born 3rd July 1838, and 
succeeded to the gadi on the i6th November 
1868. Dost Muhammad was an Afghan 
officer in the service of Aurangzeb, who took 
advantage of the weakness of the Mughals 
after the death of that Emperor to establish 
his independent authority in Bhopal and the 
neighbouring districts. The State of Bhopal 
has usually been on the friendliest terms 
with the British authorities. In 1778, on 
the occasion of General Goddard's march 
across India; in 1809, at the time of General 
Close's expedition; and again in 181 7, at the 
1 commencement of the Pindari war, Bhopal 
did good service to the British Power. An 
interesting feature in Bhopal history has been 
the fact that the Princesses of the ruling family have very frequently 
taken the most prominent part in the administration of the State. 
Kudsia Begum was succeeded in 1837 by her son-in-law, the Nawab 
Jahangir Muhammad ; and the latter, on his death in 1 844, was succeeded 
by his widow, Her late Highness Sikandar Begum, mother of the ruling 
Princess, who was succeeded by the latter in 1868. The first husband 
of Her Highness the Nawab Shah Jahan Begum died in 1867, leaving one 
daughter, the Nawab Sultan Jahan Begum ; the latter has been acknowledged 
as Her Highness's heir-apparent. Her Highness was created in 1872, in 
recognition of her high administrative qualities, a Grand Commander of the 
Most Exalted Order of the Star of India; and has subsequently been 
appointed by Her Most Gracious Majesty the Empress to the Order of the 
Crown of India. In 1871 she contracted a second marriage with the 
Maulavi Muhammad Sadik Husain, Nawab Consort, a descendant of a noble 
family of Bokhara. The heir-apparent, the Nawab Sultan Jahan Begum, was 
married in 1874 to Ahmad Ali Khan, a member of the Afghan clan, the 
Mirazai Khel, from which the Bhopal family is descended. 

The area of the State is 6872 square miles ; its population is nearly a 
million, chiefly Hindus, but including over 80,000 Muhammadans, 6000 
Jains, and about 120,000 belonging to aboriginal tribes. Her Highness the 
Nawab Begum maintains a military force of 803 cavalry, 2030 infantry, and 
69 guns; and is entitled to a salute of 19 guns, with 2 guns more within 
the limits of the Bhopal territory. 

Arms. — Vert, a tower or within twelve musk blossoms proper in bordure. 
Crest. — A sheaf of arrows charged with a lily argent. Supporters. — Mahsir 
(fish), proper. Motto. — Nasr Mimdlah. 

Residence. — Bhopdl, Central India. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 79 

BHOPAL SINGH (of Urni Piparia), Thdkur. 

Born 1827. The title is hereditary, having been originally derived from 
the Gond Rajas of Mandla. Is descended from a Rajput family of the 
Kshatriya tribe, clan Chandra-Bansi-Tomar (or Tomar of the Lunar race). 
This family claims to be descended from Rija Anang Pal, who reigned at 
Delhi in 1193 a.d. After the subversion of the Tomar dynasty, the family 
is said to have migrated to the Gwalior and Jhansi territories, where some of 
its branches remain. Two brothers of this family, Bisram Singh and Narwar 
Singh, were called in by the Gond Raja of Mandla, and provided with military 
appointments. They captured the fort of Ajaigarh and subdued the country 
round Mandla and Kurai ; and were rewarded with the tdluka Sainkhera. 
In 1842 the Thakur Bhopal Singh, with his father and brother, captured a 
rebel, and were rewarded by Government with the village of Pat Ras. 
Rendered good service in the time of the Mutiny, and was rewarded with 
a money grant and z. parwdna. In 1867 the Thakur was made an Honorary 
Magistrate. 

Residence. — Piparia, Narsinghpur, Central Provinces. 

BHOR, SANKAR RAO CHIMNAJI, Fant Sachiv of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1854. Succeeded to the ^a^/ 1 2th February 187 1. Is a Brahman 
(Hindu) ; the Pant Sachiv was one of the eight hereditary Ministers of the 
old Mahratta Empire. The present Pant Sachiv is the natural heir of 
Chimnaji Pandit, the late Pant Sachiv ; who was adopted by Raghunathrao 
on payment of nazars to the Raja of Satara and to the British Government. 
The area of the State is 1491 square miles, and its population 145,876, 
chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Bhor, Poona, Bombay. •* 

BHOTB KHAN LALKHAN, Khdn Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. 
Residence. — KMmgaon, Berar. 

BHUBAN MOHAN, Kumdr. 

The title is personal, and was conferred i8th July 1861. The Kumar is 
the son and successor of the late Raja Haris Chandra, who was the Chief of 
the Chakma clan in the - Chittagong Hill Tracts, and who rendered good 
service in the Lushai Expedition of 1871-72, by supplying coolies, boats etc. 

Residence. — Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bengal. 

BHUGANGA BHUSAN RAI, Edjd Rai. 
This is one of the titles that appear never to have been formally recog- 
nised by Government. It was conferred by the Emperor of Delhi for 
approved service, the earliest Rajas being Raja Pratapaditya Rai and Rai.i 
Basanta Kumar Rai. 

Residence. — Khulna, Bengal. 



8o THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

BHUP INDRA BAHADUR SINGH (of Kantit), Rdjd. 

See Kantit. 

BHUP INDRA BIKRAMA SINGH (of Piydgpur), Edjd. 

See Piyagpur. 

BHUP SINGH, Rao. 

Born 1 85 1. The title is hereditary. Is descended from Dalip Singh, 
Bais Thakurj who, 300 years ago, came at the head of his tribe, and 
took possession of the Pargana of Kot Salbahan. DaHp Singh had two 
sons, Rao Singh and Karam Singh ; and the descendants of Rao Singh, one 
of whom was Baldeo Singh, father of Bhup Singh, have always borne the 
title of Rao. Rao Baldeo Singh did excellent service in the time of the 
Mutiny, and received a commendatory parwdna in reward. He also 
received a Certificate of Honour at the Imperial Assemblage of Delhi in 
1877 ; and was appointed an Honorary Magistrate. 

Residence. — Bhanpur, Budaon, North-Western Provinces. 

BHUP SINGH, BAGGA (of Dabanwala), Sarddr. 

Born 1836. The title is hereditary. Belongs to the Bagga (Jat) family, 
formerly of great wealth and power in the Gurdaspur district. Descended 
from Sardar Amar Singh, who overran the greater part of the district. His 
son and successor, Sardar Bhag Singh, survived his father only three years ; 
and on his death his cousin Budh Singh took possession of the estates, to 
the exclusion of Bhag Singh's son, Hari Singh. But Budh Singh was 
deprived of his possessions by the Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Subsequently 
the Lahore Darbar assigned a jdgir t(5 Hari Singh, who was the father of the 
present Sardar. 

Residence. — Gurdaspur, Punjab. 

BHUPBNDRA NARAYAN RAI (of Madhavapassa), Rdjd. 

This is one of the titles that appear not to have been formally recognised 
by Government. The family at one time possessed three farmdns of the 
time of the Emperor Muhammad Shah, bearing the seal of the Nawab 
Murshid Kuli Khan, confirming Udai Narayan Rai in the Zaminddri of 
Chandradip, Bakarganj. 

Residence. — Madhavapassa, Bdkarganj, Bengal. 

BHUPBNDRADBB RAI, Rdjd Rai and Mahdsai. 

This is a title that appears not to have been formally recognised by 
Government. The family claims to have received it from the Emperor 
Aurangzeb in the year 1090 Hijrah ; and states that the original sanadyizs, 
in their possession up to the time of the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi, 
in 1877. 

Residence. — Bansberid, Hooghly, Bengal. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 8i 



BHUTAN, HIS HIGHNESS SANGAY DORJI, Deb Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

His Highness the Deb Raja is a Buddhist by religion, and a Thibetan 
by race. He succeeded to the gadi on the 23rd August 1885. The area of 
the State is about 20,000 square miles; its population is estimated at 
200,000, chiefly Buddhists. 

Residence. — Bhutan. 

BHDTNATH DB, Rai Bahadur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. 
Residence. — Raipur, Central Provinces. 

BHUVAN MOHAN VIDYARATNA, Mahdmahopddhydya. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty the 
Empress. It entitles him to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular 
Rajas, and was given for eminent oriental learning, especially in Sanskrit. 
Is a professor in the Nadiya tols, the ancient Sanskrit University of 
Bengal. 

Residence. — Nadiyd, Bengal. 

BHYSONDA. See Bhaisaunda. 

BICHHROD I., THAKUR RAT AN SINGH, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief 

The Thakur is descended from a Rajput (Hindu) family; was born 
about the year i860, and succeeded to the gadi on 17th April 1874. The 
population of his State is about 366, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Bichhrod, Western Mdlwd, Central India. 

BICHHROD II., THAKUR MADHO SINGH, Thdkur of 
A Ruling Chief 

The Thakur is descended from a Rajput (Hindu) family ; was born about 
the year 1847, ^^^ succeeded to the gadi in 1878. 
Residence. — Bichhrod, Western Mdlwd, Central India. 

BIHARI LAL KHAZANCHI, Rao Saheb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. 
Residence. — Jabalpur, Central Provinces. 

G 



82 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

BIHAT, RAO MAHUM SINGH, Jdgirddr of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Rao is descended from an ancient Bundela Rajput (Hindu) family, a 
collateral branch of that which rules at Orchha. He was born on i6th 
November 1858, and succeeded to the gadi on the 9th April 1872. Arjun 
Pal, who ruled at Mahoni, was the common ancestor of the Orchha and Bihat 
families — his third son, Dya Pal, settling at Etaura, and subsequent genera- 
tions occupying Gurha in Bihat State, and finally Bihat itself. Aperbal Singh, 
Chief of Bihat, obtained a sanad from the British Government in 1807. 
The area of the State is about 13 square miles ; its population 4704, chiefly 
Hindus. The Rao maintains a military force of 5 cavalry, 75 infantry, and 
I gun. 

Residence. — Bihat, Bundelkhand, Central India. 

BIHORA, THAKUR SARDARBAWA, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1854. Area of State is rather under i square mile; its popula- 
tion is chiefly Bhil (aboriginal). The Thakur belongs to a Rajput (Muham- 
madan) family. 

Residence. — Bihora, Rewd Kdntha, Bombay. 

BIJA, THAKUR UDE CHAND, Thdkur of 
A Ruling Chief 

Born 1829. Succeeded to the gadi 1841. Belongs to a Rajput family 
(Hindu), whose founder, Garab Chand, came from Ujjain in early times and 
conquered this territory. It was overrun by the Gurkhas between 1803 and 
1815 ; but when they were expelled by the British in the latter year, the 
Thakur was confirmed in possession by a sanad, on conditions of feudal 
service. The State (which is one of the Simla Hill States) has an area of 
4 square miles, and a population of 1158, chiefly Hindus. The Thakur 
maintains a military force of 10 men. 

Residence. — Bija, Punjab. 

BIJAI BAHADUR (of Chichli), Rdjd. 

Born 1849. Succeeded his father, Raja Nizam Singh, in 187 1. The 
title is hereditary ; and was originally conferred by the Gond Raja of Mandla, 
dating so far back, it is said, as 921 a.d. The sanad has been destroyed by 
age. In 1808 a flag, a staff, a belt, and a drum were bestowed on Raja 
Sangram Shah by the late Nawab Sidak Ali, Subahdar of the Nagpur Raja, 
for the capture of a famous rebel named Mir Khan. The family were settled 
at Fatehpur in Hoshangabad until 1227; when Pahar Singh, the younger 
son of Raja Bariya Singh of Fatehpur, came to Chichli and Sangal. The 
present Raja's father. Raja Nizam Singh, rendered good service to Govern- 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 83 

ment in the time of the Mutiny in 1857; and received, in consideration 
thereof, a sanadoi loyalty, dated 19th September 1859, together with a sword 
of honour and a money grant. He was also made an Honorary Magistrate. 
The Raja Bijai Bahadur has a son whose name is Lai Saheb. The family 
banner is a yellow flag ox pitambar, with chauri and staff; the motto on the 
Raja's seal is Sado Sahai Narsingh, Nizam Singh Sut Bijai Bahddur Singh, 
which is " May the god Narsingh always help Bijai Bahadur Singh, son of 
Nizam Singh." 

Residence. — Narsinghpur, Central Provinces. 

BIJAI CHAND MAHTAB, Mahdrdj-Kumdr. See Burdwan. 

BIJAI SINGH MEHTA, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1878. 
Residence, — Jodhpur, Rdjputina. 

BIJAWAR, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAJA SAWAI BHAN 

PARTAB SINGH BAHADUR, Mahdrdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 24th December 1842. Succeeded to the gadi 23rd November 
1847. His Highness the Chief of Bijawar, like those of Charkhari and 
Ajaigarh, is descended from Jagat Raj, the second son of the Maharaja 
Chhatarsal ; and the Bijawar territory is a portion of that which was ruled by 
his great ancestor. The second son of Jagat Raj was Birsinghdeo of Bijawar ; 
and the son of the latter, named Kesri Singh, obtained a sanad from the 
British Government in 181 1. The great-grandson of the last-named is the 
present Maharaja Bahadur. The area of the State is about 974 square miles ; 
its population 113,285, chiefly Hindus, but with 2405 Muhammadans and 
2506 Jains. His Highness maintains a military force of 100 cavalry, 1000 
infantry, and 1 3 guns ; and is entitled to a salute of 1 1 guns. The family 
is Bundela Rajput (Hindu) ; its motto is Agni fratdp Vishwesha (Hindi, 
meaning " As fire resplendent, the Lord of the World ") ; and its banner was 
unfurled at the Delhi Imperial Assemblage in 1877. 

Residence. — Bijdwar, Bundelkhand, Central India. 

BUNA, DIWAN MAKUND SINGH, Jdgirddr of. 
A Ruling Chief 

Is a member of the Hashtbhaiya family (see Dhurwai), who are Bundela 
Rajputs, the State being an offshoot of that of Orchha {q.v.) Born January 
1838 ; succeeded to the gadi in 1850. Diwan Sawant Singh of Bijna was 
the second son of Diwan Rai Singh, the common ancestor of the Hashtbhaiya. 
Sawant Singh's grandson, Surjun Singh, obtained a sanad from the British 
Government in 1823 ; and his grandson is the present Chief The area of 
the State is 27 square miles; its population 2084, chiefly Hindus. The 
Chief maintains a mihtary force of 4 cavalry, 30 infantry, and 2 guns. 

Residence. — Bijna, Bundelkhand, Central India. 



84 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



BIJNI, Rani of. 

Is the widow of the late Raja Kumud Narayan Bhup of Bijni, and is in 
possession of the Bijni estates. The Bijni family is descended from a 
younger son of one of the Rajas of Kuch Behar i^q.v^ 

Residence. — Bijni, Godlpdra, Assam. 



BIKANIR, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAJA RAJ RAJBSHWAR 
SIROMAN SRI GANGA SINGH BAHADUR, Mahdrdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief 

Born 1879. Succeeded to the gadi 19th August 1887. Is a Rahtor 
Rajput, descended from Bika Singh, the founder of Bikanir, who was the 
sixth son of Rao Jodha, Chief of Jodhpur {q.v^, claiming descent from 
Umalrai, fifty-sixth in descent from Rama. The title was confirmed to the 
family, in the person of the Maharaja Guj Singh, by the Emperor Ahmad 
Shah of Delhi in 1752 a.d. The Bikanir flag is yellow and red — the former 
representing Lakshniindrdyan, and the latter Devi. The area of the State is 
22,340 square miles ; its population 509,021, chiefly Hindus, but with over 
50,000 Muhammadans and 21,000 Jains. His Highness (who is still a 
minor) maintains a military force of 400 cavalry, 564 infantry, and 91 guns. 
He is entitled to a salute of 1 7 guns. 

Residence. — Bikanir, Rdjputdna. 



BILASPUR, Rdjd of See Kahlur. 



BILAUDA, THAKUR SAMRAT SINGH, Thdkur of 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born about 1872; succeeded to the gadi as a minor in 1878. Is 
descended from a Rajput (Hindu) family. The population of the State is 
about 276, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Bilauda, Western Mdlwd, Central India. 



BILBARI, MHOSHA walad VAGHU, Chief of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born about i860. Is descended from a Puar family. The State is one 
of the numerous Dang States in Khandesh ; its area is under 2 square miles, 
and its population about 14 18, chiefly Bhils (aborigines). 

Residence. — Bilbari, Khdndesh, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 8$ 



BILOD, The Khdn of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

This State is in Western Malwd, Central India, and the succession to the 
gadi yis.^ undecided at the time when information was obtained in 1891. 
The population is about 600, partly Hindus, partly Muhammadan ; the ruling 
family is Muhammadan. 

Residence. — Bilod, Central India. 

BIPIN BIHARI DATT, Rat Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 6th July 1888. 
Residence. — Hugli, Bengal. 

BIPIN KRISHNA BASU (BOSB), Hat Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. 
Residence. — Nigpur, Central Provinces. 

BIR SHAMSHER JANG, K.C.I.B., Mahdrdjd Sir. 
Prime Minister of Nepal. 

His Excellency the Prime Minister of Nepal was, on 25th May 1892, 
created a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of 
India. 

Residence. — Khatmandu, NepdI. 

BIR SINGH DEO (of Kud,rpur), Thdkur. 

Born 18 16. The title is hereditary, and was originally conferred on an 
ancestor of the present Thakur by one of the Gond Rajas of Mandla. Is 
uncle of Thakur Kirat Singh, and a sharer in the tdluka of Kuarpur. His 
sons are (i) Kunwar Himalchal Singh, (2) Kunwar Surat Singh, (3) Kun- 
war Himat Singh. 

Residence. — Jabalpur, Central Provinces. 

BIRA SINGHA NARAYAN RAI (of Madhavapassa), Rdjd. 

This is one of the titles that appear not to have been formally recognised 
by Government. The family at one time possessed three farmdns of the 
time of the Emperor Muhammad Shah, bearing the seal of the Nawab 
Murshid Kuli Khan, confirming Udai Narayan Rai in the Zaminddri of 
Chandradip, Bakarganj. 

Residence. — Madhavapassa, Bdkarganj, Bengal. 

BIRESHWAR DATT, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887. 
Residence. — Jabalpur, Central Provinces. 



86 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



BISHAN CHAND DUDHURIA, Rai Bahddur. 

Born loth June 1852. The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd 
January 1888 for his liberal philanthropy and public services. Owns lands in 
the districts of Maimansingh, Murshidabad, Birbhum, Burdwan, Bhagalpur, 
Faridpur, and Rajshahi, and has always contributed to charitable and other 
funds, opening annachatras (or poor-houses) in times of famine, etc. His 
son is named Bijai Singh Dudhuria, born November 1879. His brother is 
Rai Budh Singh Dudhuria Bahadur (^.w.) 

Residence. — Azimganj, Murshidabad, Bengal. 



BISHAN DATT (of Barwara), Thakur. 

Born 1 83 1. The title is hereditary. The tdluka was given to the family 
of Anrudh Singh Baldeo Sahai by Raja Nizam Shah of Mandla about 1743. 
Residence. — Barwara, Jabalpur, Central Provinces. 



BISHAN SARUP, MUNSHI, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1889. 
Residence. — Kekri, Ajmir. 



BISHAN SINGH (of Bheri), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary. The Sardar belongs to a Jat family, descended 
from Sardar Mahtab Singh, Miran Kotia, a Sikh Chief famous for his prowess, 
who lived in 1761 a.d. His son, Sardar Rai Singh, acquired by conquest 
some villages in the Ambala district more than a century ago. 

Residence. — Bheri, Ludhidna, Punjab. 



BISHAN SINGH (of N4bha), Diwdn, CLE. 

The Diwin was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the 
Indian Empire on ist January 1890, for distinguished services to the State 
of Nabha in the Punjab. 

Residence. — Ndbha, Punjab. 

BISHBN LAL SINGH (of Kendi), Rdjd. 

This is one of the titles that have not been formally recognised by Govern- 
ment. The family is descended from Raja Nabir Singh, who was Zaminddr 
of Kendi, in the Hazaribagh district, at the commencement of the i8th 
century. The Raja has a son, named Iswar Prasad Singh, who bears the 
courtesy title of Tikait. 

Residence. — Hazdribagh, Bengal. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 87 

BISHBSHWAR BAKHSH SINGH, Rat. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Jaunpur, North-Western Provinces. 

BISHBSHWAR BAKHSH SINGH, Rai. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Partdbgarh, Oudh. 



BISHNATH SINGH (of Katra Balkhera), Thdkur. 

The title is hereditary, having been originally conferred by Raja Nizam 
Shah, Gond Raja of Mandla. 

Residence. — Jabalpur, Central Provinces. 

BISHNU CHANDRA DATTA, Rai Bahddur. 

Has rendered good service as Deputy Postmaster - General, Eastern 
Bengal, and received the title as a personal distinction on 25th May 1892. 

Residence. — Dacca, Bengal. 



BISHUN NARAYAN (of Sidli), Rdjd. 

The title is hereditary, and was conferred on 14th August 1868. Is the 
son of the late Raja Gauri Narayan, descended from a family said to be 
descended from the ancestors of the Maharaja of Kuch Behar. The founder 
received a jdgir from the Raja of Kuch Behar ; his descendants subsequently 
became subjects of the Mughal Empire, and in 1765 came under British rule. 
They were under Bhutiya control for some time, and reverted to British control 
after the Bhutan war in 1865. 

Residence. — Godlpdra, Assam. 



BISHUNATH SINGH, Rao. 

Born 15th September 1870; succeeded his father on ist October if 
The title is hereditary, and is said to have been conferred originally on 
Raghubar Singh, Thakur, father of Rao Bishunath Singh, by Raja Gyan 
Chand. 

Residence. — Cawnpur, North-Western Provinces. 



BOBBILI, Rdja of. 
See Venkatasveta Chala-pathi Ranga Rao, Ravu, Rdjd. 



88 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



BOD, RAJA JOGINDRA DEO, Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born about 1857 ; succeeded to the gadi on 5th October 1879. Belongs 
to a Kshatriya (Hindu) family, founded by Ganda Mardan D.eo, seventy 
generations back. The title of Raja has been enjoyed since the time of the 
Mahratta rule ; it was formally recognised by the British Government on 
2 1 St May 1874, in the lifetime of the late Raja Pitambar Deo, father of the 
present Raja. The eldest son of the ruling Raja is called the Jubaraj ; 
the younger sons Babus. It is said that the Rdjas of Bod have always 
been famous for their loyalty to the Emperors of India who were in power 
from time to time. Formerly there was a main route through this State to 
the Central and Western Provinces, and whenever any persons duly credited 
by the Muhammadan or Mahratta rulers passed over it the Rajas of Bod 
used to render them every assistance, and thus earned their favour. When 
Raja Pratdp Deb was the ruler, certain officers of the Muhammadan Emperor 
were passing through this State with troops en route to Puri. Some of the 
troops having caught fever it was necessary for them to halt there for about 
a month, during which time the Rajd treated them very hospitably, and 
gained their good opinion. On their reporting the facts to the Emperor, the 
title of " Swasti Sri Derlakhya Dumbadhipati Jharkhund Mandaleswar " was 
conferred upon the then Rajd. This title continued till the time of Rajd 
Banamali Deb, when certain Mahratta officers went to Sonpur to realise 
peshkash, and committed much violence. The people of Sonpur formed a 
conspiracy to kill the officers, who fled to Bod for refuge. The Sonpur 
people continued their pursuit up to Bod, where the Rajd took them 
prisoners and sent them to Nagpur. This conduct of the Chief very much 
pleased the Mahratta ruler, who conferred the title of " Swasti Sri Prabala- 
pratapaditya Parutapa Danasampanna Jharkhand Badshah" on the Rdja. 
This title was subsequently abbreviated to "Jharkhand Paichha"; and in 
consideration of the above, the Raja was once for all exempted from paying 
peshkash to the Mughal and Mahratta rulers. The area of the State (which 
is one of those known as the Orissa Tributary Mahals) is about 2064 square 
miles; its population 130,103, chiefly Hindus, but over 37,000 belonging to 
aboriginal tribes. The Raja maintains a military force of 592 infantry and 
2. guns. 

Residence. — Bod, Orissa. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 89 

BOLANDRA, THAKUR SALAMSINGHJI, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born about 1865. Is descended from a Rajput (Hindu) family. The 
area of the State is about 14 square miles; its population about 873, chiefly 
Hindus. 

Residence. — Bolandra, Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay. 

BOMANJI SOHRABJI, XMn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. 

Residence. — Poona, Bombay. 

BONAI, RAJA INDAR DEO BAHADUR, Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born about 1836; succeeded to the gadi on the 12th September 1876. 
Rendered good service to the Government during the Keonjhar disturbances 
in 1867-68. Is descended from a Kshatriya (Hindu) family, who call them- 
selves Kodam Bangsa, because the progenitor of the race was born under a 
kodam tree. The infant, it is said, was abandoned, and was in danger of falling 
into the hands of an enemy, when a peacock swallowed it, and kept it in his 
craw until the danger was over ; and in gratitude the family adopted the 
peacock as its crest. The title of Tikait is the courtesy title of the heir- 
apparent ; that of Potait is borne by the second son, that of Ldl by the third 
son, and Bdbu by the younger sons, if any. The Raja Bahadur has the 
following sons — Tikait Nilambar Deo, Potait Bishambar Deo, Lai Hari 
Krishna Deo. The area of the State (which is one of the Chota Nagpur 
Tributary Mahals) is about 1297 square miles; its population 24,026, chiefly 
Hindus. 

Residence. — Bonai, Chota Ndgpur, Bengal. 

BORKHBRA, THAKUR AMAR SINGH, Thdkur oj. 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Thakur is descended from a Rajput (Hindu) family. 
Residence. — Borkhera, Indore, Central India. 

BORKHBRA (WESTERN MALWA), THAKUR BHAIRON 

SINGH, Thdkur OJ. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born about the year 1858 ; succeeded to the gadi in 1873. The popula- 
tion of the State is about 1 000, partly Hindus, partly Muhammadans. 
Residence. — Borkhera, Western Mdlwd, Central India. 



90 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

BRAHMA NARAYAN SINGH, Thdkur. 

This is one of the titles that appear not to have been officially recognised. 
The Thakur's sons all bear the courtesy title of Bdbu. 

Residence. — Mdnbhum, Bengal. 

BRAJA GOPAL SINGH, Rdjd. 

This is one of the titles that have never been formally recognised by 
Government. The Raja's elder son is styled Tikait, his name is Madan 
Mohan Singh ; and the younger, whose name is Sarat Chandra Singh, has 
the title of Hikim. 

Residence. — Mdnbhum, Bengal. 

BRAJA KISHOR SINGH, Rdjd. 

This is one of the titles that appear never to have been officially recog- 
nised by Government. The family claims to be of Rajput descent. The 
Raja's eldest son, named Ramakanai Singh, bears the courtesy title of 
Jubardj ; the second, named Syamsundar Singh, bears that of Hikim ; the 
third is styled Kumdr. In this family no name is given to a son till he 
attains the age of twelve years. The younger sons of the Raja, below the 
third, are styled Bdbu, except the fourth, who sometimes has the courtesy 
title of Bara Thdkur. 

Residence. — Birabhum, Minbhum, Bengal. 

BRAMHA NAND MAL, Paik-Rai. 

This is one of the titles that appear not to have been formally recognised 
by Government. It was originally conferred by one of the old Rajas of 
Kujung. 

Residence. — Cuttack, Orissa. 

BRIJ BHUKAN LAL, Rat Bahddur. 

Born 1820. The title is personal; and was conferred on 24th May 
1882, the Rai Bahadur having held many important public offices, having 
retired on pension in 1872, and having been granted a medal by Govern- 
ment at the Imperial Assemblage of Delhi on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. Is an Honorary Magistrate of Lucknow ; one of the founders of the 
Jubilee High School, Lucknow ; President of the Kayastha Sadar Sabha of 
India, 1888 ; and Secretary to the Trustees of the Husainabad Endowment. 
Has borne for many years a high character for loyalty and benevolence. 
His son is named Ananda Prasad, born 1846; his grandson, Bansi Dhar, 
born 1874; his great-grandson, Manohar Lai, born 1891. 

Residence. — Lucknow, Oudh. 

BRIJ LAL GHOSH, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 8th October 1879. 
Residence. — Lahore, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 91 

BRIJ RAJ SINGH (of Bhaddu), Rdjd. 

The title is hereditary. The family is Rajput, and claims descent from 
the Pandus, being of the same stock as the families of Kulu, Bisauli, and 
Bahadurwah. Its founder, Raja Jai Singh, was a tributary of the Kanahya 
Sardar, Jaimal Singh. His grandson. Raja Umaid Singh, on the grant of the 
hill territories by the British Government to the Maharaja Ghulab Singh of 
Kashmir and Jammu, was dispossessed of his territories, but received a 
pension from the British Government from the territories ceded by the Maha- 
raja to meet this and similar claims. He settled in Nurpur, Kangra district. 

Residence. — Kdngra, Punjab. 

BUDDHA KHAN, Khdn. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 18^,77, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. 

Residence. — Hathan, Merwara. 

BUDH SINGH DUDHURIA, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd January 1888. Is a 
brother of the Rai Bishan Chand Dudhuria Bahadur (?■.».) 
Residence. — Murshidabad, Bengal. 

BUDHO KHAN walad MUHAMMAD ALI KHAN, Mir. 
The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or 
Chiefs of Bind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 

BULAKA SINGH, Sarddr. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd January 1888. 
Residence. — Lahore, Punjab. 

BUN BBHARI KAPUR (of Biirdwan), Rdjd. 

Title of Raja conferred, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893. 
Born nth November 1853 ; adopted by the third brother of the late 
Maharaja Adhiraj Mahtab Chand Bahadur of Burdwan on 31st August 
1856. Appointed Diwdn-i-Rdj of Burdwan in 1877, and Vice-President 
of the Burdwan Raj Council in 1879. At the Imperial Assemblage 
of Delhi on ist January 1877, on the occasion of the Proclama- 
tion of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India, received a 
Certificate of Honour, was appointed Honorary Magistrate, and Member 
of the District Board of Burdwan; and on 23rd January 1885 a Member 
of the Bengal Legislative Council. Appointed Joint Manager, Burdwan 
Raj estate, 1885, and sole Manager in 1891 ; and has rendered admirable 
services to the Burdwan Raj and to the country for many years past. He is 
the natural father of the present Maharaj-Kumar of Burdwan (who is still a 
minor) ; a brother-in-law of the late Maharaja Aftab Chand Bahadur, and a 
nephew of His Highness the late Maharaja Mahtab Chand Bahadur of 
Burdwan. 

Crest. — A horse's head, erased, proper. 

Residence. — The Bonabas, Burdwan. 



92 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



BUNDI, HIS HIG-HNBSS MAHARAO RAJA RAGHUBIR 
SINGH BAHADUR, Mahdrao Rdjd of. 

Born about 1868; succeeded to the gadi 28th March 1889. Is a 
Chauhan (Hara) Rajput (Hindu), descended from Rao Deo Singh, son of 
Rao Bakht Singh Deoji, who founded the State of Bundi about the year 
1242 A.D. The flag of the family is coloured yellow, with the motto Sri 
Rangesh Bhagt Bundesh Ram Singhe, meaning " Raja Ram Singh, ruler 
of Bundi, is a believer in Raghunathji." The State is situated in that part 
of Rajputdna known as the Haraoti and Tonk Agency. Its area is 2300 
square miles; its population about 254,701, chiefly Hindus, but with 9477 
Muhammadans and 3 1 o i Jains. His Highness maintains a military force 
of 446 cavalry, 1835 infantry, and 144 guns; and is entitled to a salute of 
17 guns. * 

Residence. — Bundi, Rdjputdna. 

BUR SINGH (of Mukerian), Sarddr, Sarddr BaMdur. 

The first title is hereditary, the second is personal, and was conferred on 
ist June 1888. The Sardar and his brothers were important Sardars during 
the reign of the Mahajara Sher Singh of Lahore. When Sher Singh was 
assassinated, Sardar Budh Singh (brother of Sardar Bur Singh) was killed on 
the spot, and his cousin severely wounded. Sarddr Bur Singh was deputed 
to Fatehgarh to remain in attendance on Shdhzada Shahdeo Singh, son of 
Maharaja Sher Singh, who accompanied the Maharaja Dalip Singh to that 
place. 

Residence. — Mukerian, Hoshidrpur, Punjab. 

BURDWAN, MAHARAJ-KUMAR BIJAI CHAND MAHTAB, 

Mahdrdj-Kumdr of. 
Born 19th October 1881. Succeeded the late Maharaja Aftab Chand 
Mahtab Bahadur, Maharaja of Burdwan. Belongs to a Kapur Kshatriya 

family of Kotli in Lahore, Punjab, 
whence Abu Rai, the founder of 
the Burdwan Raj family, migrated 
to Bengal. Was adopted by the 
late Maharaja, and is the son of 
Raja Bun Behari Kapur of Burd- 
wan (?.w.), a scion of the same 
family, who is also the guardian 
and manager of the large estates 
of the young Mahdraj- Kumar. 
Abu Rai Kapur settled in district 
Burdwan; and in 1657 a.d. was 
appointed Chaudhri and Kotwal 
of Rekabi Bazar, etc., under the 
Fauzdar of Chakld Burdwan. He 
was succeeded by Babu Rai, who owned Pargand Burdwan and three 
other estates, and also succeeded his father as Chaudhri. Then followed in 
succession his son Gyaneshyam Rai, and his grandson Krishna Rdma Rai ; 
the latter received a farmdn from the Emperor Aurangzeb, dated 24th 




THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 93 

Rabiwal Akhir, in the thirty-eighth year of his reign (1695 A.D.), confirming 
him as Zamindar and Chaudhri of Burdwan. Succeeded by his son Jagat 
Rama Rai, who received a similar farmdn from the Emperor Aurangzeb, 
dated 5th Jamadiwal Awol, in the forty-third year of his reign (1700 a.d.); 
and again his son, Kirti Chandra Rai, who succeeded, received a similar 
farmdn from the same Emperor, dated 20th Sawab, in the forty-eighth year 
of his reign (1705 a.d.), mentioning him as Zamindar and Chaudhri of 
forty-nine Mahals in Fargand Burdwan. Kirti Chandra Rai received a 
second farmdn from the Emperor Muhammad Shah, adding some Mahals, 
in the year 1736 a.d. He was succeeded by his son Chitra Sen Rai; 
who, in the twenty-first year of the reign of the Emperor Muhammad 
Shdh (1740 A.D.), received 2^ farmdn recognising him as Zamindar of 
Chakld Burdwan, and giving him the title of Raja. He was succeeded by 
his cousin, the nephew of Kirti Chandra, Raja Tilak Chandra Rai ; who 
received a sanad from the Emperor Ahmad Shah, dated 7 th Rajab, in the 
seventh year of his reign (1753 a.d.), confirming him as Raja of Burdwan, 
etc. In 1765 he received another sanad from the Emperor Shah 
Alam, granting an increase of the Zaminddri, and the additional title of 
Bahadur ; and about the same time the same Emperor wrote him a friendly 
letter, intimating his creation as Raja Bahadur, and also as a Commander of 
4000 infantry. To this, in the official farmdn that followed, was added also 
the command of 2000 cavalry ; and lastly, in the ninth year of the Emperor 
Shah Alam (1768 a.d.), he received from the Commander-in-Chief, by order 
of the Emperor, a sanad conferring the title of Maharaja Adhiraj, and making 
him a Commander of 5000 infantry and 3000 cavalry, with authority for 
guns, bands, nakara, etc. He was succeeded by his son, the Maharaja 
Tej Chandra Rai, who, in 1 771 a.d., received a similar sanad to the last- 
named. He was succeeded by his adopted son, Maharaja Mahtab Chand, 
who, in 1833 A.D., received a far7ndn from Lord William Bentinck, 
Governor-General, confirming him in the title of Maharaja Adhiraj Bahadur. 
In 1868 he obtained for himself and his descendants the license of Her 
Majesty to bear the arms and supporters described below ; and at the 
Imperial Assemblage at Delhi on ist January 1877, on the occasion of the 
Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India, he was 
granted, as a personal distinction, the right to receive a salute of 13 guns. 
He managed his great estates with so much success that they became some 
of the most prosperous in Bengal ; and at the time of the Santal Rebellion 
in 1855, and again during the troubles of the Mutiny, the Maharaja did 
everything in his power to strengthen the hands of the Government, by 
placing elephants and bullock-carts at the disposal of the authorities, and by 
keeping open the communications in the neighbouring districts. On his 
death in 1879 he was succeeded by his adopted son, the late Maharaja 
Aftab Chand Mahtab, who, on attaining his majority in 1881, was installed 
at the Palace, Burdwan, in all his father's honours and possessions. He 
died prematurely in 1888, and was succeeded by his adopted son, the 
present Maharaj-Kumar, who is still a minor. The family colour is dark- 
blue with scarlet facings. The arms are azure, an ancient Hindustani shield 
proper, between in chief a crescent argent and in base two swords in saltire, 
points downwards, also proper. The crest is an iron-gray horse's head, 
couped, around the neck a riband azure, and pendent therefrom an 
escutcheon of the last, charged with a lotus-flower proper. The supporters 



94 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

are, on either side an iron-gray horse regardant, around the neck a riband 
gules, and pendent therefrom an escutcheon of the last, charged with a lotus- 
flower proper. 

Residences. — The Palace, Burdwan, Bengal ; Mahtab Manzil, and Dilaram, 
and Dar-ul-Bahr (Dilkusha Gardens), Burdwan ; The RijMti, Chinsurah, Bengal ; 
The Rdjbdti, Kalna, Bengal ; The Aftab House, Alipur, Calcutta ; The Rosebank, 
Darjiling ; The Retreat, Kurseong, Bengal ; and other residences at Bhigalpur, 
Benares, Cawnpur, and Agra. 

BURHAN-UD-DIN-KHAN, FAKIR SAYYID (of Lahore), 

Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd January 1888. 
Residence. — Bhopil, Central India. 

BTA GrALB, MAUNG, Ahmtidan gaung Tazeik-ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1889. It means 
"Recipient of the Medal of Honour for Good Service," and is indicated 
by the letters A.T.M. after the name. 

Residence. — Pegu, Burma. 

BYRAMJBB DADABHOY, Khdn Bahddur. 
See Behramji Dadabhai, Khdn Bahddur. 

CALICUT, MAHARAJA SIR MANA VIKRAMA BAHADUR, 
K.C.S.I., Zamorin of. 
Born 19th March 1820 ; succeeded to the gadi 26th March 1868. The 
present Zamorin is believed to be the 1 1 9th in descent from the founder of 
the family, who derived his title from Cheraman Perumal, the last Emperor 
of Malabar. The tradition is that there were two youths of the Eradi caste 
from Pumthura, near Erode, who rendered Cheraman Perumal, the last 
Emperor of Malabar, signal service in subduing the stronghold of an eastern 
invader, the Chola King of Choladesh. When Cheraman Perumal became a 
Buddhist in 352 A.D., and retired from political life, dividing his empire of 
Malabar among his eighteen feudatories, it chanced that these two youths were 
absent on a pilgrimage to Benares, so they were overlooked in the distribution 
of territory. At the last moment they returned, and were presented by the 
Emperor with his Imperial sword, and a small piece of land called Kokorikot 
— whence the modern Calicut — Cheraman Perumal bidding them win what 
more they wanted with the sword. Accordingly, when Vasco da Gama 
arrived at Calicut in 1498, he found the descendant of one of these youths, 
the Zamorin of Calicut, ruling over the greater part of South Malabar. From 
that time the Zamorins were mainly engaged in wars with the Rajas of Cochin 
and their allies, the Portuguese. The family follows the well-known Maru- 
makkatayam law of inheritance, by which the succession is always to the 
offspring of its female members only ^ among these the next eldest male to the 
Zamorin is the heir-apparent. In 1766 the then Zamorin, being beleaguered 
by Haidar Ali of Mysore, set fire to his palace, and voluntarily perished in 
the flames. Thenceforward the Zamorins were (with short intervals of 
attempts at rebellion) the subjects of Haidar and Tippu, until the Calicut 
territory was ceded to the English by the treaty with Tippu in 1792. The 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 95 

present Zamorin was appointed a Fellow of the Madras University in 1882, 
created a Maharaja Bahadur in 1878, and a Knight Commander of the Most 
Exalted Order of the Star of India on 25th May 1892. His heir-apparent 
under the Marumakkatayam law is Mana Vikrama Raja, born 1832, who 
bears the courtesy title of " The Eralpad." 

Residence. — Calicut, Malabar District, Madras. 

CAMBAY, HIS HIGHNESS NAWAB JAFAR ALI KHAN 

SAHBB BAHADUR, Nawdb of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born in the year 1 848 ; succeeded to the gadi nth June 1 880. Belongs 
to a Mughal (Shiah Muhammadan) family, descended from Mirza Jafar 
Nizam-ud-dauld,, who married the daughter of Momin Khan Dehlami, agent 
for Surat and Cambay. The Nawab at the time of the Treaty of Bassein in 
1802 was Fateh Ali Khan, who was succeeded by his brother Bandeh Ali 
Khan, and the latter by his nephew, the Nawab Husain Yar Khan, father of 
the present Nawab. The full title of His Highness is Sardar Nawab Najib- 
ud-daula, Mumtaz-ul-Mulk, Munim Khan Bahadur, Dilawar Jang Dawe 
Ekbalu, His Highness Jafar Ali Khan Saheb Bahadur, Nawab of Cambay. 
His Highness married in 1876 the Bibi Gauhar Khanum Saheb, and in 1882 
the Bibi Khurshid Jahan Begum. The area of the State is about 350 square 
miles; its population about 86,000, chiefly Hindus, with about 12,000 
Muhammadans. The Nawab maintains a military force of 36 cavalry, 496 
infantry, and 1 2 guns, and is entitled to a salute of 1 1 guns. 

Residence. — Cambay, Kaira, Bombay. 

CASHMERE, His Highness the Mahdrdjd Bahadur of. 
See Jammu and Kashmir. 

CHADCHAT, Thdkur of. See Santalpur and Chadchat, Thdkur of. 

CHAMBA, HIS HIGHNESS RAJA SHAM SINGH, Rdjd of 
A Ruling Chief. ^ 

Born in 1866 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor in 1873. Belongs to a 
Rajput (Hindu) family, descended from the Raja Sail, who in very early times 
came from Marwar to Chamba. In 1846 the State came into the possession of 
the British Government after the first Sikh war, and a part of it was made 
over to the Maharaja Golab Singh of Jammu and Kashmir. Subsequently, 
however, by an arrangement made with the latter in 1847, Chamba came 
again entirely under British control, and it was assigned to the then Raja, 
Raja Sri Singh, and his heirs. On his death in 1870 he was succeeded by 
his brother, Raja Gopal Singh, who abdicated in 1873, and was succeeded 
by the present Raja. In 1854 the sanitarium of Dalhousie was surrendered 
to the Government by the Raja of Chamba, in consideration of the remission 
of part of the yearly tribute, and in 1867 the cantonments of Bakloh and 
Balun. The area of the State, which is very mountainous, being situated in 
the Himalayas, on the frontiers of Kashmir, is about 3092 square miles; its 



96 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

population 115,773, chiefly Hindus, but including 6859 Muhammadans. 
The Raja maintains a military force of 12 cavalry, 200 infantry, and 3 guns, 
and is entitled to a salute of 1 1 guns. 
Residence. — Chamba, Punjab. 

CHAND MAL, SETH, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. 

Residence. — Ajmir, Rdjputdna. 

CHANDAR SHIKHAR (of Sissaindi), Rdjd. 

Born 29th October i860; succeeded the Raja Kashi Prasad in 1873. 
Belongs to a Tiwari Brahman family, on whom the title of Raja was con- 
ferred by King Amjad Ali Shah of Oudh, and it was recognised as hereditary 
by the British Government in 1877. Raja Kashi Prasad was consistently 
loyal during the Mutiny, and gave great assistance to British ofiScers. He 
was specially mentioned in Lord Canning's Proclamation of March 1858 as 
one of the six loyal Oudh Talukdars, and was granted large estates as a 
reward. 

Residence. — Sissaindi, Lucknow, Oudh. 

CHANDASINGH KANSINGH SHAHANI, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence.- — Sind, Bombay. 

CHANDRA KANTA TARKALANKAR, Mahdmahopddhydya. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty, in recog- 
nition of eminence in oriental learning. It entitles the holder to take rank 
in Darbar immediately after titular Rajas. 

Residence. — Mymensingh, Bengal. 

CHANG BHAKAR, BHAYA BALBHADRA SINGH, Bhaya of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born about the year 1825 ; succeeded to the gadi ist December 1865. 
Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family, that is a collateral branch of the Korea 
Chauhdn Rajputs, descended from Jorawal Singh, a younger step-brother of 
Raja Garib Singh of Korea. The Bhaya's brother is named Lai Ran 
Bahadur Singh. The State is one of those known as the Chota Nagpur 
Tributary Mahals. Its area is about 906 square miles ; and its population 
about 13,466, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Chang Bhakar, Chota Ndgpur, Bengal, India. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 97 



CHARKHARI, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAJ-ADHIRAJ 
SIPADAR-UL-MULK MULKHAN SINGH BAHADUR, 

Mahdrdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Bora January 1872 ; succeeded to the gadi loth July 1880. Belongs to 
the famous Bundela Rajput family founded by Bir Singh in the 13th century, 
who first took the clan name of Bundela, and from whom are descended a 
very large number of celebrities in Central Indian history, including the royal 
families of Orchha, Panna, Dattia, Ajaigarh, Charkhari, Bijawar, Sarila, Jigni, 
Jaso, Lughasi. One of these descendants, the Maharaja Chhatarsal, acquired 
the sovereignty of Eastern and Northern Bundelkhand. Being hard pressed 
by the Mahrattas, he adopted the Peshwa as one of his sons, who thus 
obtained one-third of his dominions, including Sagar, Kalpi, etc. His eldest 
son inherited Panna, while from the second son, Jagat Raj, descended the 
Chiefs of Ajaigarh, Charkhari, Bijawar, and Sarila. The son of Jagat Raj 
was Kirat Singh ; and the grandson of the latter, the Maharaja Vikramaditya 
of Charkhari, received a sanad from the British Government in 1 804. His 
grandson was the Maharaja Jai Singh, who attended the Imperial Assemblage 
at Delhi in January 1877, and in celebration of the Proclamation of Her 
Gracious Majesty as Empress of India received the additional title of 
Sipadar-ul-Mulk. His son is the present Maharaja, who succeeded as a 
minor in 1880, attained his majority in January 1892, and assumed the 
Government of his State at a grand Darbar held at Charkhari on loth 
November 1892. At this Darbar were present, besides the Maharaja and the 
young Raja of Sarila, all the principal jagirdars, thakurs, and officials of the 
State, numbering more than a hundred. The area of the State is 788 square 
miles; its population about 143,000, chiefly Hindus, with 6000 Muham- 
madans. The motto of the family is Singhasanesho ran Vijayi (" The 
Master of the Throne is the Victorious in War "). The Maharaja maintains 
a military force of 188 cavalry, 1552 infantry, and 42 guns, and is entitled 
to a salute of 1 1 guns. 

Residence. — Charkhari, Central India. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



CHENTSAL EAO, P., CLE. 

Born 1832 ; Sarishtadar of the Madras Revenue Board, 1872 ; Fellow 
of the Madras University, 1875; Superintendent of Stamps and Stationery, 
1882 ; Member of the Legislative Council of Fort St. George, 1887, and of 
the Governor-General's Council, 1892 ; cr. CLE., 1887. 

Residence. — Madras. 



CHBPPADIRA TEIMMIAH, Rai Bahddur. 

Is the Subahdar of the Yedenalknad, Kurg, and received the title as a per- 
sonal distinction on 2Sth May 1892. 

Residence. — Mercara, Kurg. 



CHBRRA, HAJAN MANIK, Seim of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born about 1833; succeeded to the gadi 24th May 1875. The Chief 
and his people (said to number about 9000) are Khasis. This is one of the 
Khasi and Jaintia Hill States. 

Residence. — Cherra, Khasi Hills, Assam. 



CHBT SINGH (of Bhikra), Rao. 

Born isth April 1851. The title is hereditary, and has long been recog- 
nised. The family are Sengar Rajputs, descended from the Rajas of Rura 
in Etawah. The Rao has a son and heir, named Lala Tej Singh, born 8th 
October 1866. 

Residence. — Bhikra, Etdwah, North- Western Provinces. 



CHBTAN SHAH, Khan Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. 

Residence. — Shdhpur, Punjab. 



CHHALIAR, RAWAL CHHATRASINGHJI, Rdwal of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born about the year 1863; succeeded to the gadi 21st June 1888. 
Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family, which pays a tribute to the Gaekwar of 
Baroda, as well as to the Paramount Power. The area of the State is about 
9 square miles. 

Residence. — Chhaliir, Rewd Kdntha, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 99 

CHHATARPUR, HIS HIGHNESS RAJA VISHWANATH 
SINGH BAHADUR, Rdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 29th August 1866; succeeded to \!as. gadi 14th November 1866. 
Belongs to a Puar Rajput (Hindu) family ; descended from the Sardar Soneh 
Sah, a Sardar of the Panna Raj, who was in military possession of the 
Chhatarpur/a^> when the British acquired Bundelkhand. He was granted 
a sanad by the British Government in 1806, and was succeeded by his son, 
the Raja Partab Singh. The grand-nephew of the latter was the Raja Jagat 
Raj, the father of the present Raja. The family motto is Agni pratdp 
Vishweshah (" As fire resplendent, Lord of the World "). The area of the 
State is 11 69 square miles; its population about 167,700, chiefly Hindus, 
with about 5500 Muhammadans and 749 Jains. The Raja maintains a 
military force of 39 cavalry, 814 infantry, and 39 guns, and is entitled to a 
salute of 1 1 guns. 

Residence. — Chhatarpur, Bundelkhand, Central India. 



CHHATRA KUNWAI (of Amgaon), Rdjd. 

The title is hereditary, and was originally derived from Raja Hindi Shah 
of Garha-Mandla. The family is Lodhi. 

Residence. — Jabalpur, Central Provinces. 



CHHATRA SINGH, Subahddr-Major, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th June 1887 for eminent 
military service. 

Residence. — Burma. 

CHHBDI LAL, LALA, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was bestowed on ist June 1888. The Rai 
Bahadur's grandfather, Lala Sadasukh, was a wealthy grain and cotton 
merchant in Cawnpur. 

Residence. — Cawnpur, North-Western Provinces. 



CHHOTA BARKHBRA, BHUMIA MUGAT SINGH, Bhumia of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Bom 1865 ; succeeded to the gadi 14th September 1889. Is descended 
from a Bhilala family. The population of the State is about 125, chiefly 
Hindus. 

Residence. — Chhota Barkhera, Bhopdwar, Central India. 




100 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



OHHOTA UDAIPUR, MAHARAWAL SHRI MOTISINGHJI, 

Rdjdof. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1859; succeeded to the gadi 7 th July 1881. Belongs to a 
Chauhdn Rajput (Hindu) family, descended from the famous Patai Rawal, 
the last Chauhan Chief of Champaner, from whom 
also descend the Chiefs of Baria. When Cham- 
paner was captured by the Muhammadans under 
Muhammad Begar in 1484, the Chauhans moved 
to Chhota Udaipur and to Baria. The Raja 
Jitsinghji, father of the present Raja, bravely 
resisted Tantia Topi during the Mutiny of 1857 ; 
and the latter was defeated by General Parke 
when encamped before the town of Chhota Udaipur. 
The family at one time occupied a fort at Mohan ; 
Ta^ Scmtak of the Chauhan jt pays tribute to the Gaekwar of Baroda. The 

Rajputs, called Chakra, used r ^ r^ • i r. 

in the seal and for signature, area of the State IS aDOUt 873 squarc miles; its 
(A circle with four rwj«&j or population about 71,000, chiefly Bhils or Kolis 

Indents as radu at the car- ^ ^ , , , , ^ ., mi ■»«■ 1 / / 'i 

dinai points.) Or Other aboriginal tribes. Ihe Maharawal main- 

tains a military force of 50 cavalry, 256 infantry, 
and 4 guns ; and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. 

Residence. — Chhota Udaipur, Rewd K£ntha, Bombay. 

CHIKLI, GUMAN SINGH, Chief of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born about the year 1864; succeeded to the gadi ist November 
1888. Is a Muhammadan, but descended from a Wasava Bhil (aboriginal) 
family. The area of the State is about 200 square miles; its population 
about 1444, chiefly (aboriginal) Bhils. 

Residence. — Chikli, Khdndesh, Bombay. 

CHIKTIABAR, BHUMIA UMBD SINGH, Bhumia of 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born about 1845; succeeded to the gadi in 1864. The population of 
the State is about 415, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Chiktiabar, Bhopdwar, Central India. 

OHINOHLI, NAIK JINMYA walad GUDAD BHAVAN, Chief of 

A Ruling Chief. 

The State is also called Dang Chinchligadad, being one of the numerous 
Dang States in Khandesh ; and the Chief or Naik, sometimes called Zimna 
walad Bhawan, is a minor and unmarried ; belongs to an aboriginal Bhil 
tribe. The area of the State is about 2 7 square miles ; and its population 
about 1668, 

Residence. — Chinchli, Khdndesh, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



CHIRAKAL, KERALA VARMA RAJA, Valiya Rdja of. 

Born 1849. Is the head of one of the branches of the Kolattiri House, 
the Raja of Kolattiri having been one of those chieftains among whom Chera- 
man Perumal, Emperor of Malabar, divided his dominions when he became 
a Buddhist and retired from the world in 352 a.d. In 1734 the Chirakal 
Raja was acknowledged by all the members of the Kolattiri House as the 
head of the family, and was entrusted with the administration. The Raja at 
the time of Tippu's invasion in 1789 was named Rama Varma, and he 
committed suicide to avoid falling into the hands of the conqueror. A 
prince, who took refuge in the jungles until the English obtained possession 
of the country, was recognised by them in 1795 as Raja. The family, like 
that of the Zamorin of Calicut and other Chiefs of Malabar, follows the 
Marumakkatayam law of inheritance ; by which the succession is to the off- 
spring of its female members, among whom the next eldest male after the 
Raja is his heir-apparent. The late Valiya Raja of Chirakal was called 
Rajaha Raja ; and he was succeeded by the present Valiya Raja under the 
Marumakkatayam law. He receives an allowance from Government, in 
compensation for the estate that belonged to his ancestors. 

Residence. — Malabar, Madras. 



CHIRODA, DEVI SINGH, Chief of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

This Chief is of a Rajput (Hindu) family. His State contains an area of 
about I square mile; with a population of 241, chiefly Hindus. 
Residence. — Chiroda, Kithiiwir, Bombay. 

CHITPAL SINGH (of Nurpur Chitpalgarh), Rdjd. 

Born 7th August 1847; succeeded his father as Raja in 1852. The 
title is hereditary, and was so recognised on 9th May 1866. The Raja 
represents one of the chief families of the ancient Sombansi race, and is the 
most direct descendant of the great Rajas of Partabgarh. The Raja Duniapat, 
who possessed Partabgarh, was succeeded by his widow, the Thakurain Kusal 
Kunwar, who adopted Shiuratan Singh of Karain and Tarwal. His son was 
the Raja Dhir Singh of Chitpalgarh ; and the grandson of the latter is the 
present Raja, who was educated at the Partabgarh High School, was appointed 
to the Statutory Civil Service in 1881, and is now an Assistant Commissioner 
in Oudh. 

Residence. — Partdbgarh, Oudh. 

CHORANGLA, RAWAL RAMSINGHJI, Rdwal of 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born about the year 1846, of a Rajput (Hindu) family. His State 
contains an area of nearly 4 square miles, and a population of about 1300, 
chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Chorangla, Rewd K^ntha, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



CHOTA LAL SIJWAR, CLE. 

Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire, ist January 1884. 

CHOTA NAGPUR, Mahdrdjd of. 
See Pratap Udit Nath Sahai Deo, Mahdrdjd. 

CHUIKADAN, Mahant of. See Kondka. 

CHUMILAL VENILAL, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887. 
Residence. — Broach, Bombay. 

CHURA, THAKUR BBCHARSINGHJI RAISINGHJI, Thdkur of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 9th February 1840; succeeded to the gadt ist January 1844; is 
a scion of the Wadhwan family, being a Jhala Rajput, and thus connected in 
race with the ruling Houses of Wankaner and Dhrangadra. The present 
Thakur has a son and heir, named Kumar Madhavasinghji. 

Residence. — Chura, Kdthidwdr, Bombay. 

COCHIN, HIS HIGHNESS RAJA SIR VIRA KERALA 
VARMA, K.C.I.E., Rdjd of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1846 ; succeeded to the gadi in 1888. Belongs to a Hindu family 
of pure Kshatriya blood, claiming descent (with the Royal House of Travan- 
core) from the ancient Chiefs who ruled from Gokura in North Kanara to the 
southernmost point of India. In the time of Haidar Ali in Maisur, the Raja 
of Cochin was tributary to that potentate ; but in 1798 he signed a treaty, 
acknowledging himself tributary to the British Power.. The father of the 
present Raja was His Highness the Raja Rama Varma, who was created a 
Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India in 187 1. 
The armorial bearings of the family are a palanquin with umbrella, lamp, and 
conch or chank-shell. The heir of His Highness the Raja is the Prince 
Rama Varma, Elaya Raja, born 1852. The area of the State is 1361 square 
miles ; its population about 600,000, chiefly Hindus, with about 33,000 
Muhammadans and 136,000 Christians. His Highness maintains a military 
force of 1 6 cavalry, 327 infantry, and 4 guns ; and is entitled to a salute 
(hereditary) of 17 guns. 

Residence. — Tripuntora, Emakolam, Southern India. 

COOCH BBHAR, Mahdrdjd of See Kuch Behar. 
CUTCH, His Highness the Rao of See Kutch. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 103 



DABHA, MIAN GULAB MIYAN, Mian of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Bom 5th November 1837 ; succeeded to 'Cos. gadi 27th July 1854. Is 
one of the Gaekwar's tributaries. Belongs to a family claiming descent from 
the Jhala Rajputs of Halwar in Kathiawar ; his ancestor, Hari Singhji, who 
was in the service of Shah Mahmud Begara of Gujarat, became a Musalman 
in 1483. His son and heir is Kunwar Motamiyan. The area of the State 
is about 99 square miles; its population is 1922, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Dibha, Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay. 

DABIR, Bhumia of. See Jamnia. 

DABRI, THAKUR PARBAT SINGH, Thdkur of 

A Ruling Chief 

Born 1878; succeeded to the gadi as a minor in 1885. Belongs to a 
Rajput (Hindu) family. 

Residence. — Dabri, Western Mdlwd, Central India. 

DAD MUHAMMAD KHAN, Khdn Bahadur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. 

Residence. — Dadu Dero, Sind. 

DADABHAI HORMUSJI DUBA, Khdn Bahddur. 

The Khan Bahadur received the title, as a personal distinction, on 25 th 
May 1892 in recognition of great public services. 
Residence. — B ombay. 

DADABHAI PALANJI, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 21st April 1882. 
Residence. — Poona, Bombay. 



DADHALYA, THAKUR JASWANT SINGHJI, Thdkur of 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1830. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family that came originally 
from Udaipur. His ancestor Vikaji was in the service of Kalyan Mai, Rao 
of Idar, from whom he obtained the grant of Dadhalya in 1674 ; is tributary 
to the Gaekwar and to Idar. The area of the State is 7 2 square miles ; its 
population 3877, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Dadhalya, Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay. 



104 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



DAPLAPUR, Chief of. &^ Jath. 

DAJI GANGAJI RANB, Rao Bahddnr. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on loth April 1873. 
Reside7tce. — Bombay. 

DAJI GOVIND GUPTB, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 28th February 1883. 
Residence. — Thana, Bombay. 

DAJI NILEANTH NAGARKAR, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877. 
Residence. — Poona, Bombay. 



DAL CHAND (of Sahanpur), Rai. 

Born October 1827. The title is hereditary. Is the representative of a 
Jat family of ancient origin, who came from Jind in the middle of the 
1 6th century. A scion of this family, named Muchh Padarath, founded 
the town of Nagal on the Ganges ; and rising to high favour with Prince 
Salim (afterwards the Emperor Jahangir) in the Court of the Emperor Akbar, 
obtained a Dress of Honour, the title of Rai, and the grant of the territory 
between Nagal and Barhapura. The Rai Tapraj Singh, grandfather of the 
present Rai, was a man of great influence. The Rai has four sons — Partab 
Singh, Harbans Singh, Jagat Singh, and Bharat Singh. 

Residence. — Sahanpur, Bijnaur, North-Western Provinces. 



DAL SINGH (of NAhil), Rao. 

Born 1842 ; succeeded his father, Rao Jetsingh, in 1884. The title is 
hereditary. Belongs to a family of Katehria Rajputs, claiming descent from 
Rao Hari Singh, who, in the i6th century, settled in Gola Raipur on the 
river Khanant. A farmdn of the Emperor Shah Jahan, dated 1 645, con- 
ferred the Z/iminddri of Gola on Vikrama Singh, a descendant of Rao Hari 
Singh, and subsequently the family removed to Nahil. They had many 
struggles with the Pathans during the 17 th and i8th centuries, in the 
course of which, on one occasion, the Rao Gopal Singh, Katehria Thakur 
of Nihil, was slain in an engagement, leaving only a widow and two infant 
sons as the sole representatives of the family. Rao Jetsingh, father of the 
present Rao, did good service in the Mutiny, defending the town of Pawayan 
when the Maulavi Ahmadullah Shah besieged it in 1857 ; and he also supplied 
provisions to the British forces on their arrival in the district. The Rao Dal 
Singh has three sons — Bechu Singh, Jagannath Singh, and Sardan Singh. 

Residence. — Ndhil, ShdhjahiLnpur, North- Western Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 105 



DALIP SINGH, aC.S.I., His Highness the Mahdrdjd. 

The title is personal. His Highness the Maharaja, who lives in Europe, 
is the representative of the "Lion of the Punjab," the famous Maharaja 
Ranjit Singh of Lahore, under whom the Sikh power rose to its highest 
point. 

Residence. — Europe. 

DALIP SINGH (of Kiilu), Rai. 

Born 1862. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a family whose founder, 
Sudh Singh, emigrated from Mayapuri to Kulu in the beginning of the 
14th century, and established himself there, assuming the title of Raja. 
His son. Raja Bahadur Singh, succeeded him, and greatly extended his 
dominions by conquest. The family enjoyed independence up to the time 
of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore, who wrested the country from the 
Rai Jitsingh, the last independent Raja of Kulu, but bestowed the Wazir-i- 
Rupi estate in Kulu on Rai Thakur Singh, a relative of Jitsingh's. This 
grant, with the hereditary title of Rai, was confirmed by the British Govern- 
ment by a sanad dated 24th October 1846. On his death Rai Thakur 
Singh was succeeded by his son, Rai Gayan Singh, who was the father of 
the present Rai. 

Residence. — Kingra, Punjab. 



DALISNA, THAKUR DAULAT SINGH, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1857. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. The population of 
the State is 765. 

Residence. — Dalisna, Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay. 

DALPATRAM DATABHAI, CLE. 

Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire, 6th June 1885. 
Residence. — B ombay. 

DALPATRAM PRANJIVAN KHAEAR, Rao Saheb. 

Born at Diu on ist November 1835. The title is personal, and was 
conferred on i6th February 1887. Was educated at the Elphinstone College, 
Bombay, where he took high honours. Appointed to the Bombay Education 
Service, 1859; greatly distinguished himself as Educational Inspector of Kutch, 
as tutor to His Highness the Rao of Kutch, and in other ways. Has written 
and edited many important works. Retired on pension in 1866; and in 
1887 received the title in honour of the Jubilee of Her Most Gracious 
Majesty's reign. Is a Member of the Managing Committee of the Seth 
Gokuldas Tejpal Charities, and a Trustee of the same ; also a Member of the 



io6 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, and other learned Societies. The 
Rao Saheb married, 1859, Devkorbai, daughter of Meghji Jadavji, physician 
of Bhaunagar, and has a son, Mazaulal, born nth November 1870. He is 
a Brahma-Kshatriya by caste, and belongs to a family long settled in the 
Portuguese dominions in Western India. 

Residence. — 10 Cowasji Patel's Tank Road, Bombay. 



DAMARA KUMARA MADDU VBNKATAPPA NAYUDU 
BAHADUR GARU (of Kdlahasti), Rdjd. See Kdlahasti. 

DAMODAR DAS, Rai Bahddur. 

An Honorary Magistrate of Bareilly. Granted the title, as a personal 
distinction, 2nd January 1893. 

Residence. — Bareilly, North-Western Provinces. 

DAMODAR NARAYAN, Rao Saheb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence. — B ombay . 

DANAKOTI MUDALIYAR, A., Rai Bahddur. 

Born 1852. A landowner in Madras, and Member of the Madras 
Municipal Commission, 1885. Granted the personal title of Rai Bahadur, 
1887. 

Residence. — M adras. 



DANAKOTI RAJU, W. E., Rao Bahddur. 

Born 1839. M.D. of Madras; appointed a Fellow of the Madras 
University, 1875. Granted the personal title of Rao Bahadur, 1889. 
Residence. — Madras. 



DANTA, MAHARANA JASWANTSINGHJI HARISINGHJI, 

Mahdrdnd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 14th October 1850; succeeded to the gadi ist December 1876. 
Is tributary to the Gaekwar and to Idar. Belongs to a very ancient family 
of Pramara Rajputs, who are said to have come from Ujjain, and to have 
settled in Sind in the year 809 a.d. The area of the State is 2300 square 
miles; its population about 18,000. The Maharana maintains a military 
force of 70 cavalry and 67 infantry. 

Residence. — Danta, Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



107 



rg glBHAN o^ 




DARBHANGA, MAHARAJA SIR LACHHMBSWAR SINGH 
BAHADUR, K.C.I.B., Mahdrdjd of. 

One of the Premier Nobles of British India. 

Born 1856; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 20th October i860. 
In the great Bengal famine of 1873-74, the Maharaja expended nearly 

;^3oo,ooo in charitable relief; and has 
since then always taken the foremost 
part in every public philanthropic work 
in Bengal, and indeed in every part of 
the Empire — to which his vast revenues 
have been largely devoted. 

Belongs to an ancient Rajput 
family, whose ancestor, Mahesh Thakur, 
obtained the title of Raja, and the grant 
of the Darbhanga Raj, from the Mughal 
Emperor of Delhi, Akbar the Great, 
early in the i6th century. Mahesh 
Thdkur died in the year 1558 a.d., 
leaving five sons — Ram Chandra Thakur, 
Gopal Thakur, Achit Thakur, Parmanand Thakur, and Subhankar Thakur. 
Some of the elder sons succeeded in turn to the Raj, but they all died without 
issue, and the family was continued in the line of the youngest son, the 
Raja Subhankar Thakur. He died in 1607, leaving six sons. Of these 
the eldest, Purushottam, succeeded to the Raj ; and on his death in 
1642 was succeeded by his brother, Sundar Thakur. He held the Raj for 
twenty years, and dying in 1662 was succeeded by his eldest son, Mahinath 
Thakur. The latter died in 1684 without issue, and was succeeded by his 
brother, Nirpat Thakur, who ruled till 1700 a.d., when he died, and was 
succeeded by his son, the great Raja Raghu Singh. He obtained the con- 
firmation of the hereditary title of Raja through the Nawab Mahabat Jang, 
who was at that time Mughal Subahddr of Behar. He also obtained firom 
the Mughal Government the grant of the lease of the whole of the Sarkdr 
Tirhut — including the modern districts of Muzaffarpur and Darbhanga — on 
the payment to Government of an annual revenue of Rs. 1,00,000. The 
enormous value, in those early times, of this grant may be gathered from the 
fact that in 1685 a.d. the revenue of Sarkdr Tirhut was officially returned 
at Rs.7, 69,287. At one time, during the administration of the Raja Raghu 
Singh, the Nawib Subahdar, jealous of the vast wealth accumulated by the 
Raja, seized his property and carried off his family as prisoners to Patna, the 
Raja himself only preserving his liberty by prompt flight. Subsequently, 
however, he was restored to favour, and received large grants from the 
Mughal Government, on condition that he should "do justice, relieve 
distress, and put the country in a flourishing condition." These stipulations 
have been- liberally fulfilled by Raja Raghu's descendants and successors in 
the Raj. This Raja built a large mud fort at Bhawara, near Madhubani, the 
ruins of which still remain there, and the family resided there for the next 
half-century. He died in 1736, and was succeeded by his son, the Raja 
Bishnu Singh. The latter died without issue in 1740, and was succeeded by 
his brother, the Raja Narendra Singh, who received large grants from the 
Nawab Subahddr Ali Vardi Khan, on condition of his engaging for the 



io8 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

revenue, and supporting the interests of the Mughal Government. The Rdja 
Narendra Singh died without issue in 1760; but he adopted Pratdp Singh, 
the great-great-grandson of Nardyan Thikur, younger brother of the Rd,jd 
Sundar Thdkur, and son of the Rajd Subhankar Thdkur mentioned above. 
Raja Pratap Singh determed to remove the family residence from the fort of 
Bhawara ; and he built a new RAjbari at Darbhanga, to which he removed 
in 1762, and it has been the seat of the family ever since. Rdja Pratdp 
Singh died in 1776, and was succeeded by his brother, the Rdjd Madhu 
Singh. In that year the Rdjd received from Shdh Alam, the Mughal 
Emperor of Delhi, the grant of Dharmpur, in the district of Purniah. The 
Rdjd Madhu Singh, during a long administration of thirty-two years, had 
frequent disputes with the Calcutta Government in regard to the revenue 
payments and the extent of his rights over the land. These disputes at one 
time became so acute that the settlement was made with others ; but ulti- 
mately he obtained from the Board of Revenue the restoration of his estates. 
The Rdjd Mddhu Singh died in i8o8, leaving five sons — Kishan Singh, who 
died without issue ; Chhatar Singh, who succeeded him, and three others. 
Chhatar Singh is the first of the Darbhanga Rdjds who is recorded to have 
held the higher title of Mahardjd Bahddur, though it is probable that it had 
also been held by some at least of his ancestors. The Mahdrdja Chhatar 
Singh, who succeeded to the gadi in 1808, lived till 1839; when, on the 
ground of old age, he made over his estates and the title to his elder son, 
Rudra Singh — giving to his younger son, Bisdeo Singh, for maintenance, the 
Rdj villages in Jarail, four ^houses, two elephants, and apartments in the 
Darbhanga Palace. He asked to have Rudra Singh's name entered in the 
Bengal Revenue Roll, and died a few days afterwards. These arrangements 
led to extensive litigation, as the younger son claimed a larger share of the 
estates. Ultimately the High Court decided that the law of inheritance in 
this family must follow the family custom, and not the ordinary Hindu law ; 
and by the family custom (or Kuldchdr) the eldest son succeeds to the Raj, 
the younger obtaining sufficient properties in land for their maintenance, 
which lands (as under feudal tenure) revert to the Raj on failure of male 
issue. The Mahdrdja Rudra Singh died in 1850, leaving four sons — Mahesh- 
war Singh (who succeeded him), Ganeshwar Singh, Nitreshwar Singh, and 
Gopeshwar Singh. For ten years the Mahdrdja Maheshwar Singh held the 
Rdj. He died on 20th October i860, leaving two sons — Lachhmeswar Singh 
(who succeeded him, and is the present Mahardjd Bahddur) and Rdmeshwar 
Singh (who is now the Rdjd Rdmeshwar Singh Bahddur, q.v^ 

The Mahdrdjd Lachhmeswar Singh Bahddur of Darbhanga was under the 
guardianship of the Court of Wards during his minority ; and had the great 
advantage of having, as tutor, a very able and sympathetic English gentle- 
man, Mr. Chester Macnaghten, whose capacity for this work was so marked 
that he was afterwards selected by the Government for the Principalship of 
the Rdjkumdr College at Rdjkot, in Kdthidwdr, for the Princes and Chiefs of 
Western India. Since the Mahdrdja attained his majority he has entirely 
devoted himself to the public duties of his position as one of the greatest 
Nobles of British India. He has long served as a Member of the Legislative 
Council of the Viceroy, and taken a leading part in the debates of that body. 
During the lengthened discussions on the important Bengal Tenancy Bill, he 
acted (in conjunction at first with the lamented patriot, Kristodas Pdl, and 
subsequently with the Rdjd Pidri Mohan Mukharji, C.S.I.) as the repre- 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 109 

sentative of the landowners of Bengal and Behar ; and received the warm 
recognition of the ability and moderation he brought to bear on this and 
other questions from successive Viceroys. To the public at large he is best 
known as one of the most munificent of living philanthropists. In addition 
to the ;!f 300,000 expended in charitable relief during the Bengal famine of 
1873-74, in every time of scarcity the Maharaji's arrangements for meeting 
it have been on a splendid scale, and have been in many cases the models 
for the Government measures. He has built, and entirely supports, a first- 
class Dispensary at Darbhanga, which cost ;£^34oo ; a similar one at 
Kharakpur, which cost ;^35oo; and largely contributes to many others. 
He has built an Anglo-vernacular school at a cost of ;^i49o, which he 
maintains, as well as nearly thirty vernacular schools of different grades ; and 
subsidises a much larger number of educational institutions. He has con- 
structed hundreds of miles of roads in various parts of the Raj, planting 
them with tens of thousands of trees for the comfort of travellers. He has 
constructed iron bridges over all the navigable rivers of the Raj, and completed 
an elaborate system of irrigation-works, for prevention of famine. In carrying 
out his duties as one of the largest landowners of India he has had the 
advantage of the assistance of several very able English managers in succession, 
specially selected with the approval of the Government — including Colonel 
Money of the Staff Corps, Mr. G. W. Llewhellin and Mr. Henry Bell, formerly 
of the Bengal Civil Service. With the aid of these gentlemen and others, 
the Darbhanga Rij has attained the proud position of being regarded as the 
model for good and benevolent management. The Maharija has devoted 
special attention to all agricultural improvements, and especially to improve- 
ments in the breeds of horses and cattle in Behar. He is a liberal patron of 
the turf, and has been the owner of the largest and most valuable racing-stud 
in India, under experienced English trainers ; and he is also a keen sportsman 
and a first-rate whip, his jungles on the Nepal frontier affording some of the 
best sport in the country. The new Palace at Darbhanga, with its immense 
stables, its botanical and zoological gardens, and its many beautiful surround- 
ings, is well known in England by the sketches that have appeared in the 
London illustrated papers. 

Most of the Maharaja of Darbhanga's munificence has been devoted to 
objects of charity pure and simple, such as famine-relief, medical aid, and 
the like. But he has also contributed very largely to objects of general 
public utility — as, for instance, in the gift of Rs.so,ooo to the funds of the 
Imperial Institute. In celebration of Her Majesty's Jubilee he remitted a 
large portion of the rents of all his tenants for the year 1887. It has been 
computed that since his succession to the Raj an aggregate sum of some- 
thing like two millions sterling has been expended on charities, works of public 
utility, and charitable remissions of rent. 

On the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious 
Majesty the Maharajd Bahadur was created a Knight Commander of the 
Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. The family cognisance is the 
Gangetic dolphin or sacred fish of the Hindus. The Darbhanga Raj com- 
prises large portions of the modern districts of Darbhanga, Muzaffarpur, 
Monghyr, Purniah, and Bhagalpur. The capital, Darbhanga, is the civil 
station of the district of the same name ; it is a large and thriving town, with 
a population (by the census of 1881) of 65,955, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Darbhanga, Tirhut, Bengal. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



DARGAHI LAL, Rai Bahddur. 

Born 2 1 St November 1816. The title is personal, and was conferred on 
2nd January 1888, in recognition of eminent public services as a Municipal 
Commissioner of Cawnpur since 1862, and an Honorary Magistrate since 
1879. The Rai Bahadur is a Kayagth by caste, and is a native of Bilgram 
in the Hardoi district ; but has practised as a Pleader at Cawnpur since 
1842. 

Residence. — Cawnpur, North-Western Provinces. 



DARIA KHBRI, THAKUR ONKAR SINGH, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief 

Born 1 861; succeeded to the gadi 9th April 1888. Belongs to a 
Rajput (Hindu) family ; the predecessor of the present Thakur was Thakur 
Ranjit Singh. The area of the State is about 6 square miles ; its population 
about 616. 

Residence. — Daria Kheri, Bhopdl, Central India. 

' DARKUTI, RANA RAM SARAN SINGH, RdnA of. 
A Ruling Chief 

Born 1843; succeeded to the gadi 15th October 1883. Belongs to a 
Rajput (Hindu) family, whose founder came from Marwar at an unknown 
date and settled in the Simla Hills. Twenty-three generations bore rule ; 
and the father of the present Chief was the Rana Ram Singh, who succeeded 
to the gadi in 1856. The Gurkhas overran this State, with others in the 
Simla Hills; and when they were expelled by the British in 1815 the then 
Rana was confirmed in possession. The area of the State is about 4 square 
miles; its population 590, chiefly Hindus. The Rana maintains a military 
force of 10 infantry. 

Residence. — Darkuti, Simla Hills, Punjab. 



DARYA KHAN, Khan Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on loth April 1867. 
Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 



DARYAO SINGH (of GMt Piparia), Thdkur. 

Born 1 83 1. The title is hereditary, and was originally conferred by the 
Mughal Emperors of Delhi. The ancestors of the Thakur obtained Ghat 
Piparia in jdgir from the former Government of Sagar. 

Residence. — Sdgar, Central Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



DAS MAL, DIWAN, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. 

Residence. — Lahore, Punjab. 

DASPALLA, RAJA CHAITAN DEO BHANJ, Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1854; succeeded to the gadi 21st January 1873. Belongs to a 
Kshatriya (Hindu) family, said to be of the Solar race ; descended from a 
younger son of the Raja Narayan Bhanj of Bod (f.v.) The title of Raja has 
been enjoyed by the head of the family since the time of the Mahrattas ; and 
was formally conferred by the British Government, 21st May 1874. The 
cognisance of the family is a peacock with tail spread. The area of the 
State, which is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals, is about 568 square miles ; 
its population about 42,000, chiefly Hindus, but including about 13,000 
Kandhs and other aboriginal tribesmen. The Raja maintains a force of 343 
infantry and 8 guns. 

Residence. — Daspalla, Orissa, Bengal. 

DATANA, THAKUR BHAWANI SINGH, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1864; succeeded to the gadi loth December 1880. Belongs to 
a Rajput (Hindu) family. 

Residence. — Datana, Western Mdlwd, Central India. 

DATTIA, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAJA LOKINDAR 
BHAW^ANI SINGH BAHADUR, Mahdrdjd of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 13th August 1854; succeeded to the gadi 20th November 1857. 
Belongs to the great Bundela Rajput family descended from Bir Singh, who 
took the clan name of Bundela, and settled in Bundelkhand in the 13th 
century ; and from whom are descended the ruling families of Orchha, Dattia, 
Panna, Ajaigarh, Charkhari, Bijawar, Sarila, etc. In the time of the 
Emperors Akbar and Jahangir, the Maharaja Bir Singh Deo was ruler of 
Orchha; and his second son, Bhagwan Rai, became ruler of Dattia. The 
State came under British control, with other territories in Bundelkhand, by 
the Treaty of Bassein, concluded with the Peshwa in 1802. The Raja 
Parichhat of Dattia, whose first treaty with the British Government is dated 
1804, sided with the British throughout the subsequent wars with the 
Mahrattas ; and was rewarded in 181 7, on the deposition of the Peshwa, by 
a new treaty and enlarged territories. His adopted son was the Raja Bijai 
Bahadur of Dattia ; and the adopted son of the latter is the present Chief, 
whose succession was disputed by Arjun Singh (an illegitimate son of the 
Raja Bijai Bahadur), but was enforced by British troops. The ancient title 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



of the family was Maharaja Rao Raja. In 1865 the Government recognised 
the title of Maharaja as hereditary ; and on ist January 1877, at the Imperial 
Assemblage at Delhi, in honour of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious 
Majesty as Empress of India, the title of Lokindar was added. The motto 
of the family is Wir dalap Sharandah (" Lord of the Brave Army, Giver of 
Refuge"). The area of the State is about 836 square miles; its population 
about 183,000, chiefly Hindus, but including some 9000 Muhammadans. 
His Highness the Maharaja maintains a military force of 945 cavalry, 5203 
infantry, and 124 guns; and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. 
Residence. — Dattia, Bundelkhand, Central India. 



DAULAT EAM, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1883. 
Residence. — Jilandhar, Punjab. 

DAULAT SINGH (of Kaksis), Rdjd. 

Born 2nd October 1830. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a family 
which is a branch of the Kachhwaha Rajput clan from Lahar, of Surajbansi 
origin, claiming descent from Raja Dula Rai of Narwar. His son Indarpal 
in the year 1033 a.d. came to Indarki and Lahar, and established a branch of 
the family there, dispossessing the Meo clan. The eldest son of Raja Indarpal 
was Raja Bawan Pal, who seized Rampur in 1241, and reigned there. The 
fifth in descent from Bawan Pal was the Raja Aman Deo, who seized Kaksis 
and all the neighbouring territory. His descendants suffered much from the 
Bundela invasion in 1558; and subsequently from the exactions of the 
Peshwa and Sindhia. The head of the family was confirmed in possession 
of the estates that remained to him when the country came under British 
control in 1841. The Raja has a son and heir, Raghunath Singh, aged 
about thirty-four years. 

Reside?tce. — Sikri, ParganS Madhogarh, Jalaun, North-Westem Provinces. 

DAULATRAI SAMPATRAI, MUNSHI, Rao Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Surat, Bombay. 

DAYA KISHAN, Rai. 

Born sth December 1842. The title is hereditary. Is the son of Rai 
Hingan Lai, Kayasth, formerly Tahsildar of Dehra Dun ; who had ayi^Vand 
the honorary title of Deputy Magistrate and Collector conferred on him on 
4th August 1858, for special services rendered to the Government during 
the Mutiny in the Jaunpur district. The Rai has a son and heir named 
Madan Makund, born 2 sth February 1865. 

Residence. — Jaunpur, North-Western Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 113 



DAYAL SINGH (of Majithia), Sarddr. 

Born in 1848 a.d. The title is hereditary, derived originally from the 
Sikh Government, and confirmed by the British Government. The family is 
of the Shergil Jat tribe. The great-grandfather of Sardar Dayal Singh, who 
was named Jodh Singh, was a feudal retainer of Sardar Amar Singh Baggah, 
who possessed a large territory in the district now called Gurdaspur, and held 
a considerable yrf^zX He died in 1788. His only son, Sardar Desa Singh, 
remained in the service of the Baggah Sardars till 1809. He entered the 
service of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh on the reduction of the Baggah Sardars, 
and accompanied the Maharaja in his famous expedition to Kangra. After 
the expulsion of the Gurkhas he was appointed Governor of the Hill States. 
He continued to perform valuable service ; and with his son, Sardar Lahna 
Singh, received extensive grants from Ranjit Singh. He died in 1832, and 
was succeeded in all his estates and honours by Sardar Lahna Singh, father 
of the present Sardd,r, who received charge of the hill territory between the 
Ravi and the Sutlej. He proved a most capable Governor ; but on the rise 
of Rdji Hira Singh to power, he left the Punjab for a pilgrimage, to avoid 
the enmity of Pandit Jalla. After the close of the Sutlej Campaign he 
returned to Lahore at the invitation of the Council and the Resident, and 
consented to join the Council. Subsequently, however, foreseeing further 
troubles, he determined to leave the Punjab; and in January 1848 he left 
for Benares, where he died. He was a skilful mechanist and an original 
inventor ; and greatly improved the Sikh ordnance. 

Residence. — Majithia, Amritsar, Punjab. 



DAYAL SINGH (of Vadala), Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Sidlkot, Punjab. 

DBBI PARSHAD, Rai. 

The title is personal ; was originally conferred by Carnatic Nawab, and 
recognised December 1890. 

Residence. — Hyderabad, Deccan. 

DBBI PARSHAD, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890. 
Residence. — Central Provinces. 



DBBI SINGH (of Rdjw4ra), Rao. 
Born i860. The title is hereditary, and has come down from ancient 
times. The family is Bundela Rajput, and is a branch of that of the Rajas 
of Chanderi. 

Residence. — Rijwdra, Lalitpur, North-Western Provinces. 

I 



114 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



DBBI SINGH, CHAUDHRI (of Asaura), Rai Bahddur. 

Born 4th September 1839. The title is personal ; and was conferred on 
7th December 1888, for the Chaudhri's services in connection with the 
improvement of agriculture. 

Residence. — Meerut, North-Western Provinces. 

DBDHROTA, THAKUR PUNJAJI, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1850. Belongs to a Koli (aboriginal) family. The area of the 
State is about 10 square miles ; its population about 11 00. 
Residence. — Dedhrota, Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay. 

DBLAN SINGH (of Kaimori), Rao. 

Born 1 85 1. The title is hereditary, having been originally conferred 
by Nizam Shah, Gond Raja of Mandla. Rao Anrudh Singh, the father of 
Rao Delan Singh, rendered good service to the British Government during 
the Mutiny of 1857. 

Residence. — Jabalpur, Central Provinces. 



DEO, RAJA BHIKAM NARAYAN SINGH BAHADUR, Rdjd of. 

Succeeded his father, the late Maharaja Sir Joy Prakash Singh Bahadur 
of Deo, K.C.S.I., in 1881. Belongs to a Sesodiya Rajput family, and claims 
to be descended from the ancestors of His Highness the Maharana of 
Udaipur, through Raja Rai Bhan Singh Bahadur. The Raja Fatheh Narayan 
Singh, in 1782, and again in 1804, was rewarded by Government for his 
services with a grant of land and other honours. He was succeeded by his 
son, Ganesam Singh, who in 1 8 1 6 was similarly rewarded with the grant of a 
Zaminddri ; and the son of the latter, Babu Manti Bhan Singh, rendered 
excellent service in the Kol insurrection of 1831. Manti Bhan Singh was 
succeeded by his son, Joy Prakash Singh, who was conspicuous for his loyalty 
and faithful services during the Mutiny in 1857 ; and for his laudable exer- 
tions in keeping this part of the district in order, and in quelling the insurrec- 
tion in the Chutia Nagpur division, he was at first honoured with the title of 
Maharaja Bahadur, and then in 1866 created a Knight Commander of the 
Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. His only son is the present Raja 
Bahadur. 

Residence. — Gya, Bengal. 

DEO NANDAN SINGH, Rdjd. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1891, "for his 
high rank and position, and public spirit." Is a younger son of the late 
Raja Raghu Nandan Singh, Raja of Sheohar, a brother of the late Raja Sheo 
Nandan Singh Bahadur, and an uncle of the present Raja of Sheohar. 

Residence. — Sheohar, Muzaffarpur, Bengal. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 115 



DEO RAO VINAYAK, Rao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. 
Residence. — Akola, Berar. 

DEODAR, WAGHBLA ANANDSINGH CHANDAJI, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1843; succeeded to the ^a(/«' in 1888. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) 
family. 

Residence. — Deodar, Pilanpur, Bombay. 

DEODAR, WAGHELA DEWAJI CHANDAJI, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1837; succeeded to the gadi in 1888. Belongs to a Rajput 
(Hindu) family. 

Residence. — Deodar, Pdlanpur, Bombay. 

DEODAR, WAGHELA GAMBHIR SINGH, Thdkur of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1834 ; succeeded to the gadi ist April 1890. Belongs to a Rajput 
(Hindu) family. 

Residence. — Deodar, Pdlanpur, Bombay. 

DEODAR, WAGHBLA SARDAR SINGH, Thdkur of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1853 ; succeeded to the gadi ist April 1890. Belongs to a Rajput 
(Hindu) family. 

Residence. — Deodar, Pdlanpur, Bombay. 

DERBHAVTI, RAJA BHONRAO RATNU, Rdjd of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1870. The Chief belongs to a Bhil (aboriginal) family. The State, 

which is one of the Dang States in Khandesh, contains an area of about 76 

square miles, and a population of nearly 5000, chiefly Bhils and Konknas 

(aboriginal tribes). 

Residence. — Derbhavti, Khdndesh, Bombay. 

DBROL, THAKUR RAMSINGHJI, Thdkur of 
A Ruling Chief. 
Born 1853. Belongs to a Koli (aboriginal) family. The area of the 
State is about 10 square miles; its population is 1224, chiefly Hindus. 
Residence. — Derol, Mdhi K^ntha, Bombay. 



ii6 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



DBVALIA, Thdkur of. See Agar. 

DBVBNDRA NATH MALLIK, Kumdr. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i8th July 1861 ; the Kumar 
being the eldest son of the late Raja Rajendra Nath Mallik. The family 
name is Sil ; but the hereditary title of Mallik having been granted by the 
old Mughal Emperors, has been adopted as a family name. The family is 
very ancient ; its pedigree for twenty generations is in existence, and its head 
has long been reckoned the Dalapati or Chief of the Shuvarnavanik caste, 
and of the Brahmans of that clan. The crest of the family is an oval star 
enclosing a lion. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

DEVENDRA NATH SAHAI DEO, Thdkur. 

The title is hereditary, and was originally conferred by the Maharaja of 
Chota Nagpur, and confirmed on 23rd December 1872. The family is a 
younger branch of that of the Rajas of Chota Nigpur, and is said to be 
descended from the pandrik ndg or sacred Serpent ; its cognisance or 
crest is a cobra with a human face under the expanded hood. 

Residence. — Lohdrdaga, Bengal. 

DBWA SINGH (of Bahram), Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Jdlandhar, Punjab. 

DBWAS, HIS HIGHNESS RAJA KRISHNAJI RAO PUAR, 

Rdjd of (Senior Branch). 

"JBdbd Saheb." 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born November 1849 ; succeeded to the gadi 18th March 1861. Belongs, 
with His Highness the Rajd of Dewas of the Junior Branch (who is called 
the " Dada Saheb "), to a Puar Rajput family, descended from a common 
ancestor with the Raja of Dhar. The Raja Kaluji had two sons, Tukaji and 
Jiwaji, and these sons received from Baji Rao Peshwa the grant of the Dewas 
State in common— the descendants of Raja Tukaji being known as the Senior 
Branch or " Baba Saheb." Tukaji was succeeded by Krishnaji, and the latter 
by Tukaji II., who adopted Rukmangad Rao, commonly known as Khasi 
Saheb. He succeeded Tukaji II. in 1824; and, dying in i860, was suc- 
ceeded by his adopted son, the present Chief. 

The two Rajas of Dewas, Senior Branch and Junior Branch (or Baba 
Saheb and Dada Saheb), reside in different palaces in the same town of 
Dewas ; but the rule of each Chief is distinct within his own limits. Both 
Chiefs rendered good service during the Mutiny. 

The area of the territories under the rule of the Baba Saheb is 155 square 
miles; population about 73,940, chiefly Hindus, but including nearly 8000 
Muhammadans. His Highness the Raja maintains a military force of 70 
cavalry, 594 infantry, and 14 guns; and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. 

Residence. — Dewis, Indore, Central India. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 117 



DBWAS, HIS HIGHNESS RAJA NARAYAN RAO PUAR, 
Rdjd of (^Junior Branch). 

" Dddd Saheb." 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 20th December i860; succeeded to the gadi 8th August 1864. 
Belongs, with His Highness the Raja of Dewas of the Senior Branch (who is 
called the " Baba Saheb), to a Puar Rajput family, descended from a common 
ancestor with the Raja of Dhar. The Raja Kaluji had two sons, Tukaji and 
Jiwaji, and these sons received from Baji Rao Peshwa the grant of the Dewas 
State in common — the descendants of Raja Jiwaji being known as the Junior 
Branch or "Dada Saheb." Jiwaji adopted Anand Rao Puar, who, in 1837, 
adopted Haibat Rao, who succeeded him. The latter died in 1864 and was 
succeeded by his son, the present Raja. 

The two Rajas of Dewas, Senior Branch and Junior Branch (or Baba 
Saheb and Dada Saheb), reside in different palaces in the same town of 
Dewas, but the rule of each Chief is distinct within his own limits. Both 
Chiefs rendered good service during the Mutiny. 

The area of the territories under the rule of the Dada Saheb is 134 
square miles; population 68,222, chiefly Hindus, but including nearly 7000 
Muhammadans. His Highness the Raja maintains a military force of 79 
cavalry, 166 infantry, and 6 guns, and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. 

Residence. — Dewds, Indore, Central India. 

DBY, KANNY LALL, C.I.B., Rat BaMdur. See Kanhai Lai De. 



DHABLA DHIR and KAKARKHBRI, THAKUR CHAND 
SINGH, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born about 1836 ; succeeded to the gadi in 1871. Belongs to a Rajput 
(Hindu) family. The State, which is in the Bhopal Agency, contains an 
area of about 10 square miles, and an estimated population of about 1000, 
chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Shujdwalpur, Bhopal, Central India. 

DHABLA GHOSI, THAKUR GOPAL SINGH, Thdkur of 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born about 1820; succeeded to the gadi in 1854. The population of 
his State (which is in the Bhopal Agency) is about 400, chiefly Hindus. 
Residence. — Shujdwalpur, Bhopdl, Central India. 

DHAKJI KASHINATHJI, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence. — Bombay. 



ii8 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

DHAMASIA, THAKUR KALUBAWA, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1834. Belongs to a Rajput (Muhammadan) family. The area of 
the State is about 5 miles ; its population is chiefly Bhil (aborigines). 
Residence. — Dhamasia, Rew£ Kdntha, Bombay. 

DHAMI, RANA FATBH SINGH, Rdnd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1855 ; succeeded to the gadi 26th January 1870. Belongs to a 
Rajput (Hindu) family, whose founder, on the invasion of India by Shahab- 
ud-din Ghori in the 14th century, fled from Rajpura in the Ambala dis- 
trict, and conquered the territory of Dhami. The State was formerly a 
feudatory of Bilaspur, but was made directly dependent on the British Power 
on the expulsion of the Gurkhas by the latter in 18 15. The j'a^fli/ recognis- 
ing the Rana is dated 4th September 18 15. The present Rana succeeded 
the Rana Govardhan Singh in 1870. The area of the State is 29 square 
miles ; its population about 3300, chiefly Hindus. The Rana maintains a 
military force of 60 infantry. 

Residence. — Dhami, Simla Hills, Punjab. 

DHANJIBHAI PAKIRJI COMMODORE, KMn Bahddur. 
Created a Kh^n Bahadur, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893. 
Residence. — Marri, Punjab. 

DHANJISHA BDALJI MANA, Khdn Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 29th June 1886. 
Residence. — Karachi, Sind. 

DHANJISHA HORMASJI, KMn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887. 
Residence. — Kithidwdr, Bombay. 

DHANPAT RAI, Rdjd. 
The title is personal, and was recognised on 9th December 1864. 
Residence. — Lucknow, Oudh. 

DHANPAT RAI, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. 
Residence. — Peshdwar, Punjab. 

DHANPAT SINGH DUGAR (of Baluchar), Rai Bahddur. 
Born 1 84 1. The title is personal, and was conferred on 13th December 
1866. The Rai Bahadur, son of the late Pratap Singh Dugar of the Oswal 
caste, is a leading man among the Jains, and has founded many Dharmsalas 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 119 

for the use of his co-reKgionists in various parts of India, and pubHshed and 
distributed the Jain sacred books. He is a banker and manufacturer, having 
houses in most of the great cities of Bengal, and has been distinguished for 
his Hberahty and pubHc spirit. He has been twice married, and has three 
sons — Babu Ganpat Singh and Babu Narpat Singh by the first wife, and 
Babu Maharaj Bahadur Singh by the second. Is an Honorary Magistrate. 
The family emigrated about 150 years ago from Kishengarh in Rajputana, 
and settled at Baluchar and Azimganj, in the district of Murshidabad, 
Bengal. 

Residence. — Azimganj and Baluchar, Murshidabad, Bengal. 



DHAR, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAJA SIR ANAND RAO 
PUAR, K.C.S.I., CLE., Rdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 8th April r844; succeeded to the gadi 21st November 1864. 
Belongs (with their Highnesses the Rajas of Dewas, Senior and Junior 
Branch) to the great Puar Rajput (Hindu) family, said to be descended from 
the famous Hindu legendary heroes, King Vikramaditya and Raja Bhoj. 
Raja Bhoj is said to have been the first Puar to come to Dhir. About the 
year 1730 Anand Rao Puar, Raja of Dhar, was acknowledged by the Peshwa, 
Baji Rao, to be the head of the Puars. One of the great historical Prin- 
cesses of India, celebrated for her courage and abilities, and the determina- 
tion with which she resisted the attacks of Sindhia and Holkar, was the Rani 
Mina Bai, widow of Anand Rao II., who was the great-grandson of his 
namesake. The Rani was succeeded by her adopted son. Raja Ramchandra 
Puar, who adopted Jeswant Rao, the half-brother of the present Raja. Raja 
Jeswant Rao died in 1857, and the State was confiscated for rebellion 
during the Mutiny, but it was restored in 1864 to the present Raja, who was 
then a minor. The title of Viswas Rao (" Faithful ") is said to have been 
conferred on this family by the Maharajas of Satara, as the descendants of 
Sivaji and the heads of the Mahratta Empire, but it has not been recognised 
in recent years. The area of the State is about 1 740 square miles, and it 
has many feudatories. The population is about 148,000, chiefly Hindus, 
but including about 12,000 Muhammadans and about 19,000 aborigines. 
The present Raja has been granted the title of Maharaja as a personal dis- 
tinction, and created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire, ist January 1883 ; he had been created a Knight Commander of the 
Most Exalted Order of the Star of India on 1st -January 1877, on the occasion 
of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. His 
Highness maintains a military force of 367 cavalry, 1249 infantry, and 5 
guns ; and is entitled to a salute of 1 5 guns. 

Residence. — Dhir, Bhopiwar, Central India. 



DHARAM NARAYAN, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd January iJ 
Residence. — Ambila, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



DHARAM NABAYAJSr PANDIT, C.I.E., Rai BaMdur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 15th February i860. 
Residence. — Indore, Central India. 

DHARAM SING-H (of Biohuri), Sarddr. 

Born 1857. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Jat family, of Manjha, 
Punjab. Sardar Dargaha Singh acquired considerable territory by conquest 
in 1759 A.D., but his descendants were deprived of the largest portion of 
their estates by the Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The grandson of the Sardar 
Dargaha Singh was Sardar Dewa Singh, who was the father of the present 
Sardar. 

Residetice. — Bichuri, Jdlandhar, Punjab. 

DHARAMPUR, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARANA SHRI 
NARAYANDEVJI RAMDBVJI, Rdjd of. 

Born 3rd September 1840; succeeded to the gadi 20th January i860. 
Belongs to the Solar race of Udaipur, and is consequently a Sesodiya Rajput. 
His Highness's ancestors have borne the title of Maharana from time imme- 
morial. They were the Rajas of the Surat district when the British first 
came to the country, and have always been recognised by the Paramount 
Power. His Highness has four sons — ^Shri Dharamdevji, Shri Mohandevji, 
Shri Haridevji, and Shri Baldevji. His banner bears a golden-yellow sun in 
the centre of the field, in virtue of his descent from " the Sun of the Hindus," 
the Udaipur Chief. Has two grandsons, also several daughters and grand- 
daughters ; and has received a sanad guaranteeing him the privilege of adop- 
tion. The area of the State is 794 square miles ; its population about 
102,000, chiefly Hindus. His Highness maintains a military force of 40 
cavalry, 171 infantry, and 4 guns ; and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. 

Residence. — Dharampur, Surat, Bombay. 

DHARMA RAO NAYADU, R., Rao Bahadur. 

Born 1857; appointed Deputy Collector in 1869; Assistant Commis- 
sioner of Salt Revenue in 1880; granted the personal title of Rao Bahadur 
in 1890. 

Residence. — Cocanada, Godivari District, Madras. 

DHARMRAJ KUNWAR (of Parhat and R4jdbaz&r),. i?a«/. 

Born 1854; succeeded her late husband, the Raja Mahesh Narayan of 
Rajdbazar, on nth October 1878. The family are Raghubansi Rajputs, 
whose founder came from Kaliangarh Sawain, and acquired the territories of 
Rajabazar. The neighbouring Rajas conferred the title of Raja by tilak 
some 200 or 300 years ago, and the late Raja was the seventh who had 
borne the title. He was Raja of Parhat, in the district of Partabgarh, Oudh, 
as well as of Rajabazar ; and was an Honorary Magistrate both in Oudh and 
in the North-Western Provinces. 

Residence. — R£jd.bazd.r, Garwdra, Jaunpur District, Nortli-Western Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 




DHARNANDA, THAKUR BHIM SINGH, 

Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1859 ; succeeded to the gadt in December 
1887. Belongs to a Chauhan Rajput (Hindu) 
family, descended from Thakur Chhatar Sal, who 
was recognised by the British Government in 
■^RdfutfcauIdcL^r-S 1843. The population of the State is about 

in the seal and for signature. SOOO, chiefly HinduS. 
(A circle with four Trisulas or . , , , . ,^ ^ , t j- 

Tridents as radii at the car- Residence. — Dhamanda, Gwalior, Central India. 

dinal points.) 

DHARUP SINGH, Rao Saheb. 

The title is hereditary. The ancestor of this family, Rao Kehari Singh, 
did good service with Sultan Muhammad, Nawab of Rahatgarh, in return for 
which he received the title and considerable grants. The father of the 
present Rao Saheb was the Rao Jag Raj Singh. 

Residence. — Sigar, Central Provinces. 

DHAUKAL PARSHAD, MUNSHI, Rai BaUdur. 

Born 27th February 1828. The title is personal, and was conferred on 
2nd January 1888. Belongs to a Kanungo family oi Pargand Karsoli, and 
rendered good service to Government during the Mutiny. Is an Honorary 
Magistrate. 

Residence. — Mainpuri, North-Western Provinces. 

DHBNKANAL, RAJA SURA PRATAP MAHINDRA 
BAHADUR, Rdjd of. 

A RuUng Chief. 

Born 1884; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 29th August 1885. 
The family are Kshatriya Hindus, and were anciently feudatories of the 
old Rajas of Orissa ; said to have been founded by Harihar Samant Singhar, 
who established himself in Dhenkanal after killing the aboriginal Raja 
Dhenka, from whom the State derives its modern name. The titles of 
Samant, Singhar, Brahmarbar were conferred on the family by the old Rajas 
of Orissa. Subsequently the title of Mahindra Bahadur was conferred by 
the Mahrattas, who also recognised the title of Raja, which finally was con- 
ferred on the predecessor of the present Chief by the Government of India 
in 1874. The family crest and seal is the minaketana, a flag bearing the 
emblem of the sacred fish. The area of the State, which is one of the 
Orissa Tributary Mahals, is 1463 square miles; its population about 208,316, 
chiefly Hindus, but including about 80,000 Savars and other aboriginal 
tribesmen. The Raja maintains a military force of 343 infantry and 8 guns. 
Residence. — Dhenkanal, Orissa, Bengal. 

DHIRAJ KARAN, Rai Bahadur. 
Granted the title of Rai Bahadur, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 
1893. 

Residence. — Monghyr, Bengal. 



'22 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



DHOLPUR, His Highness the Mahdrdj Rdnd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1862 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 9th February 1873. The 
full titles of this Chief are-^Major His Highness Rais-ud-daul4 Sipahdar-ul- 
Mulk, Maharaj-Adhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana Nihal Singh, Lokindar Baha- 
dur, Diler Jang, Jai Deo. Belongs to a Jat (Hindu) family, which traces its 
pedigree back to the nth century, when it held lands under the Pudr Kings 
of Delhi. In later times it acquired territory on the banks of the Chambal, 
and was powerful in the 1 8th century, when the Rana of Gohad, ancestor of 
the present Maharaj Rana, joined the British troops in the Mahratta war in 
1779. The title of Rana had been recognised by the Emperor Sikandar 
Lodi of Delhi, but in 1779 the British recognised the Rana as Maharaj 
Rana. In 1805 Lord Cornwallis granted Gohad to Sindhia, and in exchange 
granted to the Maharaj Rana Kirat Singh (ancestor of the present Chief) the 
territories of Dholpur, Bari, and Rajakhera. Kirat Singh was succeeded by 
Bhagwant Singh, who showed great loyalty during the Mutiny of 1857, and 
was created a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of 
India. His son married a daughter of the late Raja of Patiala, but died 
before his father, leaving a son and heir, the present Maharaj Rana, who 
succeeded his grandfather in 1873. The area of the State is 1200 square 
miles; its population about 250,000, chiefly Hindus, but including 18,000 
Muhammadans and 2500 Jains. The Maharaj Rana maintains a military 
force of 139 cavalry, 1588 infantry, and 32 guns. His Highness is an 
Honorary Major in the British army, and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. 
The family colour was azure, but in an encounter towards the end of the last 
century the then Chief captured from the Thakurs of Bamraoli a golden- 
yellow flag, with a figure of Hanuman (the monkey-god) in the centre of the 
field, and this has been subsequently adopted as the family cognisance. 

Arms. — Or, a " Hanumdn " gules, on a chief azure a sword between two 
towers or. Supporters. — Two Rdjput warriors in full armour. Orest. — 
A " Narsinghji " (man-lion) proper. Motto. — Mitra Mitra, Amitra Amitra 
(" Sure friend, sure foe.") 

Residence. — Dholpur, Rdjput^na. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 123 



DHRANGADRA, HIS HIGHNESS SIR MANSINGHJI 
RANMALSINGHJI, K.C.S.I., Rdj Saheb of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born nth January 1837; succeeded to \!a& gadi on the death of his 
father, His late Highness the Raj Saheb Ranmalsinghji, K.C.S.I., on 28th 
October 1869. Is the head of the Jhala Rajputs, and the Chief of this 
family has consequently long held the title of Raj Saheb, while the title of 
" Maharana " is commonly used by the Jhala clansmen of their chief, and it 
is also commonly used as the vernacular equivalent of " His Highness," the 
title conferred by the Queen Empress. The Jhala Rajputs are said to have 
entered Kathiawar from Sind in the 8th century a.d., and the founder of this 
dynasty is stated to have been Harapal Devji, who obtained from the 
Solankhi Rajput Chief of Patan the grant of the district subsequently known 
as Jhalawar in Kathiawar. It may be noted that the State of Jhalawar in 
Rajputana was founded in the beginning of the i8th century A.D. by Jhala 
emigrants from Kathiawar. His Highness's ancestors — from whom also 
descend the Chiefs of Wankaner, Limri, Wadhwan, Chura, Sayla, and Than- 
Lakhtar — were settled first at Patri in Ahmadabad ; then at Halwad in 
Kathiawar; and finally at Dhrangadra. Sir Mansinghji has been dis- 
tinguished for the enlightened character of his administration, especially in 
the matters of public instruction and internal communications. He has 
established an efScient girls' school at Dhrangadra, and many good schools 
throughout the State ; and has constructed many good roads, and other 
public works. To commemorate the visit of His Royal Highness the Duke 
of Edinburgh to Bombay in 1870 His Highness contributed a large sum 
towards the erection of a Dharmsdla at Rajkot ; and his loyalty was still 
more conspicuously displayed on the occasion of the landing of His Royal 
Highness the Prince of Wales at Bombay in 1875, which was celebrated by 
the erection and endowment of the Albert Edward Hospital at Dhrangadra. 
His Highness was prevented by serious illness from attending the Imperial 
Assemblage at Delhi on the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as 
Empress of India, but he was on that occasion created a Knight Com- 
mander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, and received the 
addition of four guns to his salute as a personal distinction. When he was 
presented with the insignia of the Star of India, at the same time as His 
Highness the Jam of Nauanagar, the Political Agent, speaking for the 
Government, said : " His Highness the Raj Saheb of Dhrangadra commands 
respect as the head, both of the Jhala tribe and of a ruling house second to 
none in domestic virtue. He now accedes to the honours enjoyed by his 
father. Sir Ranmalsinghji, the worthy son of a worthy sire. The decorations 
granted to these princes are the natural ornaments of exalted hereditary rank." 
Much sympathy was felt for His Highness when, in 1879, he lost his eldest 
son and heir, the late Rajkumar Jaswantsinghji, whose son (the grandson of 
the present Chief) is now the heir-apparent to the gadi. The area of the 
State is 1156 square miles; its population about 100,000, chiefly Hindus, 
but including about 6000 Muhammadans. The Raj Saheb maintains a 
military force of 103 cavalry, 470 infantry, and 9 guns; and is entitled to a 
salute of 15 guns. 

Residence. — Dhrdngadra, Kdthiiwir. 



124 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



DHROL, THAKUR SAHEB HARISINGHJI JAISINGHJI, 
Thdkur Saheb of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1846; succeeded his father, the late Thakur Saheb Jesinghji, 26th • 
October 1886. Is a Jareja Rajput, descended from a brother of Jam Rawal, 
the first Jam of Nauanagar, who founded that State in 1542 a.d; and the 
family is also the same as that of His Highness the Maharao Raja of Kutch. 
The area of the State is about 283 square miles; its population is about 
22,000, chiefly Hindus, but including nearly 3000 Muhammadans. The 
Thakur Saheb maintains a military force of 25 cavalry, 285 infantry, and 6 
guns ; and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. 

Residence. — Dhrol, Kdthiiwdr, Bombay. 

DHULATIA, THAKUR FATBH SINGH, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born about 1866 ; succeeded to the gadi in 1872. Belongs to a Rajput 
(Hindu) family. 

Residence. — Dhulatia, Western M^wi, Central India. 

DHURWAI, DIWAN RANJOR SINGH, Jdgirddr of 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born about 1833 ; succeeded to the gadi 14th January 1851. Belongs 
to a Bundela Rajput (Hindu) family, descended from the Raja Bir Singh Deo 
of Orchha. The area of the State, which is one of the Hashtbhai jdgirs, is 
about 18 square miles; its population is about 1600, chiefly Hindus. The 
Jagirdar maintains a military force of 10 cavalry, 100 infantry, and 3 guns. 

Residence. — Dhurwai, Bundelkhand, Central India. 

DILAWAR SINGH (of Tilokpur), Midn. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Kingra, Punjab. 

DINA NATH, PANDIT, Rai Bahddur. 
Granted the title, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893, for eminent 
service in the Police. 

Residence. — Central Provinces. 

DINABANDHU NYAYARATNA, Mahdmahopddhydya. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887 for 
eminence in oriental learning, on the occasion of the Jubilee of Her 
Majesty's reign. It entitles him to take rank in Darbar immediately after 
titular Rajas. 

Residence. — Konnagar, Bengal. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 125 

DINAJSTATH GHOSH, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on nth December 1884. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

DINENDRA NARAYAN RAI, Kumdr. 

Honorary Magistrate and Municipal Commissioner of Calcutta. Granted 
the title of Kumar, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893. 
Residence. — Calcutta. 

DINK A R RAO, SIR, K.C.S.I., Rdjd Mushir-i-Khas Bahddur. 

Born 1819. The title is hereditary. The Raja comes of an ancient 
Dakhani family of the Bombay Presidency, but usually resides in Agra, 
Cawnpur, or Benares, in the North -Western Provinces. Was Minister of 
His late Highness the Maharaja Sindhia of Gwalior till 1859 : subsequently 
became Superintendent of the Dholpur State, and was a Member of the 
Baroda Commission. The Raja was created in 1866 a Knight Commander 
of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. At the Imperial Assemblage 
at Delhi, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty 
as Empress of India, he received the title of Raja Mushir-i-Khas Bahadur as 
a personal distinction, and on 28th August 1884 this was declared hereditary. 
His son and heir is named Raghunath Rao Dinkar, born 4th August 1858. 

Residence. — Agra, North- Western Provinces. 

DINSHA DOSABHAI KHAMBATTA, Khdn Saheb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i8th August 1881. 
Residence. — Disa, Bombay. 

DIWAN CHAND, Rat. 

Born 1835. The only son of Diwan Ganpat Rai; who was in favour 
with the Maharaja Ranjit Singh, appointed by him tutor of his grandson, and 
rewarded by the grant of a jdgir and the appointment of Hazurnavis. 
Descended from a family whose ancestor, Gaggan Mai, was distinguished, in 
the time of the Emperor Akbar, as the founder of Ghartal in Sialkot, and 
obtained the title of Malik. His grandsons, Diwan Ramji Mai and Shamji 
Mai, earned the title of Diwan in the time of the Emperor Aurangzeb ; Ramji 
Mai was appointed Hazurnavis, and Shamji obtained a command in the 
Kabul army. The family left Ghartal for Jammu, and subsequently for Dera 
Nanak; but Diwan Nand Gopal, the grandfather of Rai Diwan Chand, 
returned to the ancestral home. His son was Diwan Ganpat Rai mentioned 
above, who was appointed by the Maharaja Sher Singh officer in charge of 
the magazines. He was a brave soldier, and fought in the battles of Pesha- 
war, Multan, and Dera Ismail Khan; and throughout the rebeUions of 1847 
and 1848 attached himself to the British Resident. The Rai Diwan Chand 
was for some time Tahsildar of Roras in Wazirabad ; has subsequently been 
an able and successful journalist and author, as well as distinguished in 



126 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

municipal and university work, and is Vice-President of the Punjab Press 
Association. Received the title on 24th May 1889. Has two sons, Munshi 
Brij Lai and Munshi Gayan Chand. 
Residence. — Sidlkot, Punjab. 

DIWAN MUHAMMAD, SATYID, Khdn Saheb. 

Granted the title, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893, for eminent 
services in the post of Mir Munshi of the British Agency at Kdbul. 
Residence. — Kharar, Ambdla, Punjab. 

DODA KHAN, Mulk. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Sind. 

DOSABHAI PRAMJI KARAKA, C.S.I. 
A distinguished citizen and official of Bombay, late Collector of Bombay 
and Chairman of the Justices. Created a Companion of the Most Exalted 
Order of the Star of India on ist January 1877, on the occasion of the 
Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. 

DOSABHAI PBSTANJI, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Surat, Bombay. 

DOST ALI KHAN walad AHMAD KHAN, Mir. 
The title is hereditary, the Mir being descended from one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikirpur, Sind. 

DOST ALI KHAN, Nawdb. 
The title is personal. 
Residence. — Tijpur, Sind. 

DOST MUHAMMAD walad WALIDAD KHAN, Mir. 
The title is hereditary, the Mir being descended from one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

DOTRIA. See Bhaisola. 

DRUG SINGH (of Sarekha), Thdkur. 
Born 1836 The title is hereditary ; and is stated to have been originally 
conferred by the Gond Rajis, Harade Shdh and Nizam Shih of Mandla. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 127 

The family is Gond (aboriginal), and is descended from Thakur Bhik Rai ; 
whose grandson, Thakur Ranju Singh, was father of Thakur Prithi Singh, and 
grandfather of the present Thakur. Thakur Drug Singh has three sons — 
Thakur Jai Singh, Deo Singh, and Sardar Singh. 
Residence. — Seoni, Central Provinces. 

DUDHPUR, THAKUR ANUPBAWA DADABAWA, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 
Born 1878; succeeded to thQ gadi 18th November 1888. Belongs to 
a Rajput (Muhammadan) family. 

Residence. — Dudhpur, Rewi Kdntha, Bombay. 

DUQRI, MIAN KHUDA BAKSH, Midn of. 
A Ruling Chief 

Born about 1854 ; succeeded to ths gadi 5th December 1883. Belongs 
to a Pindari (Muhammadan) family. 

Residence. — Dugri, Bhopdl, Central India. 

DUJANA, JALAL-UD-DAULA NAWAB MUHAMMAD MUM- 
TAZ ALI KHAN BAHADUR MUSTAKIL JANG, Nawdb of 

A Ruling Chief 

Born 1864 ; succeeded to the gadi 15th October 1879, on the death of 
the late Nawab Muhammad Saadat Ali Khan. The Nawab belongs to an 
Afghan (Muhammadan) family ; whose founder, Abdus Samand Khan, with 
his sons, obtained the grant of large estates from Lord Lake as a reward for 
service rendered. The tenure was made hereditary, and other territories 
added, by a sanad dated 4th May 1806. The Nawab Abdus Samand Khan 
was succeeded by his son Dunde Khan, and he by the Nawab Hasan Ali 
Khan, who was the father of the late Nawab Muhammad Saadat Ah Khan. 
The area of the State is 89 square miles; its population 23,416, chiefly 
Hindus, but including nearly 6000 Muhammadans. The Nawab maintains 
a military force of 25 cavalry and 140 infantry. 

Residence. — Dujdna, Rohtak, Punjab. 

DULAM SINGH (of Piparia), Tkdkur. 

Born 1850. The title is hereditary. The Thakur is a grandson of 
Thakur Ananta Singh, who was a brother of Thakur Prithi Singh, the father 
of Thakur Drug Singh of Sarekha (see above). The title was originally 
derived from the Gond Rajas of Mandla. 

Residence. — Seoni, Central Provinces. 

DUMRAON, MAHARAJA SIR RADHA PRASAD SINGH 
BAHADUR, K.C.I.E., Mahdrdjd of 

Born 14th August 1841. Belongs to an ancient Kshatriya (Hindu) 
family, claiming descent from the Raja Vikramaditya of Milwa, through the 
Raja Bhoj Singh, who founded the ancient Hindu city of Bhojpur, the ruins 



128 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

of which are distant about one mile from Dumraon, in the district of Shah- 
abad. One of the descendants of Raja Bhoj Singh was Narayan Mai, on 
whom it is said that the Mughal Emperor Jahangir conferred the title of 
Raja in the year 1604 a.d. ; and his son, grandson, and great-grandson in 
turn received the same title. The last-named was the Raja Haril Singh, who 
in the year 1720 a.d. received from the Emperor Muhammad Shah the title of 
Rdji, extensive grants of land, and the command of 1000 infantry and 800 
cavalry. His son was the Raja Chhatardhari Singh, who also obtained the 
same title and further grants from the Emperor Muhammad Shah in 1746 
A.D. Chhatardhdri's son was the Raja Vikramaditya Singh, who received his 
title in 1771 a.d. from the Emperor Shah Alam, and subsequently obtained 
a confirmation thereof and sundry grants from the British Government. His 
son, Jai Prakds Singh, seems to have obtained the title of Mahdrdji from the 
Marquess of Hastings in 181 6. He was succeeded by his grandson, Janaki 
Prasid Singh, who died whilst a minor ; and the latter in turn was followed 
by his uncle, the late Mahdraji Maheshwar Bakhsh Singh (father of the 
present Mahdrija), who was a younger son of the Rijd Jai Prakds Singh, 
born 20th October 1803, and succeeded to the Raj in 1844. The Maharaja 
Maheshwar Bakhsh Singh took a leading part in the reception of His Royal 
Highness the Prince of Wales ; and was honoured with the gift of a portrait- 
medal from His Royal Highness, and a letter of acknowledgment of his 
services. He was reported to stand conspicuous for his loyalty and liberality 
on all occasions, and was created a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted 
Order of the Star of India. Dying in 1881, he was succeeded by his son, 
the present Mahdraja Radhd Prasad Singh Bahadur. The latter had been 
created a Rdjd during the lifetime of his father, for good service rendered 
during the great famine of 1873-74; and he had also been honoured by 
receiving a portrait-medal from His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, 
and a letter of acknowledgment for services rendered in the reception of His 
Royal Highness. On succeeding his father he received the title of Mahdraja 
Bahddur as a personal distinction, 13th January 1882. 
Residence. — Dumraon, Shdhabad, Bengal. 

DUN, MAUNG, Thuye-gaung Ngweda ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. It means 
" Recipient of the Silver Sword for Bravery," and is indicated by the letters 
T.D.M. after the name. 

Residence. — Katha, Burma. 

DUN J SHETAN (of Spiti), Nono of Spiti. 

The title is hereditary, the Nono being the descendant of the Tibetan 
Chiefs, formerly feudatories of Ladakh in Tibet. Since the conclusion of 
the first Sikh war in 1846, Spiti has been an outlying subdivision of the 
Himalayan district of KAngra, Punjab; and is administered by British 
officials with the aid of the Nono, who is an Honorary Magistrate. The 
population of the valley— which is covered by deep snow every year from 
December to April— is hardly 3000, almost entirely Tibetan in race. 

Residence.— '&iA\, Kdngra, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 129 



DUNGARPUR, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAWAL UDAI SINGH 

BAHADUR, Malidrdwal of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Bora 22nd May 1839; succeeded to the gadi 28th September 1846. 
Is a Sesodia Rajput, descended from a branch of the ruling family of 
Udaipur, the " Sun of the Hindus." The Maharawals of Dungarpur were 
ributary, from time to time, to the Mughal Emperors of Delhi and to the 
Mahrattas; from whom they were finally rescued by the British Power, 
a treaty being concluded in 1818. The Bhils were reduced to submission ; 
and in 1825 the Maharawal Jaswant Singh, being found incompetent, was 
deposed by the Government, and his adopted son Dalpat Singh, second son 
of the Chief of Partabgarh, appointed to succeed. Subsequently the 
Maharawal Dalpat Singh succeeded to the gadt of Partabgarh ; so the British 
Government permitted him to adopt the present Maharawal (then a minor) 
to succeed him in Dungarpur. The Maharawal has a son and heir, the 
Maharaj Kunwar Khuman Singh. The distinctive family colour is red. 
The area of the State is about 1000 square miles; its population about 
154,000, chiefly Hindus, but including 3609 Muhammadans and 67,000 
Bhils (aborigines). His Highness the Maharawal maintains a military force 
of 251 cavalry, 535 infantry, and 8 guns; and is entitled to a salute of 
I s guns. 

Residence. — Dungarpur, Rdjputdna. 

DUR MUHAMMAD KHAN, KHAGWANI, Bahadur 
The title is personal, and was conferred on nth March 1859. 
Residence. — Dera Ismail KMn, Punjab. 

DURGA GHARAN LAHA, C.I.B., Maharaja. 

Born 23rd November 1822. The title is personal, and was conferred 
on 30th May 1891. The Maharaja, whose family name is more commonly 
spelt " Law," was born at Chinsurah ; educated at the Hindu College, 
Calcutta; senior partner of the firm of Messrs. Prawn Kissen Law and 
Company, and a Zamindar ; appointed Justice of the Peace and Honorary 
Presidency Magistrate; first native Member of the Port Commission; 
Member of the Bengal Legislative Council 1874 ; a Member of the Senate 
of the Calcutta University; elected a Governor of the Mayo Hospital nth 
April 1878; Member of the Imperial Legislative Council 1882; Commis- 
sioner for the Reduction of Public Debt February 1882; Sheriff 1882 ; 
made a Companion of the Indian Empire 24th May 1884 ; President of the 
British Indian Association in 1885 and 1888; the title of Raji was con- 
ferred in 1887; again appointed a Member of the Imperial Legislative 
Council 1888 ; the title of Maharaja conferred in 1891 ; and exempted from 
personal attendance in Civil Courts 27th January 1892. The Maharaja has 
two sons — the Maharaj-Kumar Kristo Dass Law, born 24th February 1 849 ; 
and Maharaj-Kumar Rishee Kesh Law, born 4th May 1852, both Honorary 
Presidency Magistrates. 

Residence. — 2 Comwallis Street, Calcutta. 



130 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



DURGA GATI BANARJI, Rai Bahddur. 

Is. a distinguished member of the Uncovenanted Civil Service. Obtained 
the title on ist January 1891, "for good work as Personal Assistant to the 
Commissioners of the Patna and Presidency Divisions, and as Collector of 
Stamp Revenue and Superintendent of Excise Revenue, Calcutta." 

Residence.— Q.<i\.cxAXz.. 

DURGA PARSHAD, Rai Bahddur. 

Born 8th September 1827. The title was conferred on ist January 1885, 
as a personal distinction. Belongs to a family which came originally from 
Kanauj in the Farrukhabad district and settled in Bareli. Educated at Bareli ; 
appointed to the Education Service in 1852, in which he served with great 
distinction, and was made Inspector of Schools of the Western Circle of Oudh 
in 1870. At the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi on ist January 1877, on 
the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress 
of India, received a Silver Medal and a Certificate of Honour. In 1883 
appointed Inspector of Schools for Rohilkhand, and retired on pension m 
1885. Is an Honorary Magistrate, and has filled many important public 
positions. The Rai Bahadur has three sons— Kunwar Kanhia Lai, born 
1850; Kunwar Lai Bahadur, born 1863; Kunwar Jagdamba Prasad, 
born 1870. 

Residence. — Bareli, North- Western Provinces. 

DURGA PARSHAD, Rai Bahddur. 

Born 9th October 1843. The title was conferred on 29th May 1886, as 
a personal distinction. Belongs to a family that came originally from Lahore 
and settled at Benares, purchasing estates in various districts. His grand- 
father was Kanhaiya Lai, who was treasurer of Gorakhpur 1802-14. Was 
appointed an Honorary Magistrate in 187 1, and has rendered good service 
in that capacity. Received a Certificate of Honour at the Imperial Assem- 
blage of Delhi on ist January 1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation ot 
Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India ; and in 1879 was presented 
with a khUat in recognition of his services in the famme of 1876-77. Is a 
Member of the Legislative Council of the North-Western Provmces. 

Residence.— ^oxikV^nx, North-Western Provinces. 

DURGA PRASAD, PANDIT, Mahdmahopddhydya. 

The title was conferred, as a personal distinction, on the 2Sth May 1892, 
in recognition of his eminence as an orienta.1 scholar. It entitles him to take 
rank in Darbar immediately after titular Rajas. 

Residence. — Jaipur, Rdjputina. 

DURGA PRASHAD GHOSH, Rai Bahddur. 
The title was conferred on ist January 1878, as a personal distinction. 
Residence.— Vmz'^i, Bengal. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 131 



DURJAN SINGH (of Patehpur), Rdjd. 

Born 22nd July 1837. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Raj Gond 
family that claims an antiquity of more than 900 years, the tradition being 
that the jdgir of Fatehpur was granted to their ancestors in 939 a.d. A 
sanad of the Raja Kamal Nain, Gond Raja of Mandla, dated 1500 a.d., is 
still in existence, conferring or confirming ^\% jdgir. 

Jiesziience.—H.osha.nga.ha.d, Central Provinces. 



DWAEIKA NATH MUKHARJI, J?m Bahddur. 

Born in February 1831. The title was conferred on isth March 1882, 
as a personal distinction. Belongs to a Kulin Brahman family of high caste, 
descended from the famous Kamdev Pandit. Educated at the Nizamat 
College, Murshidabad. Appointed to the Public Works Department in 1849 ; 
and from 1856 to 1889 executed many very important works in Fort 
William and elsewhere. Rendered valuable service during the Mutiny of 
1857; retired on pension August 1889. His grandfather, Navakisor 
Mukharji, was in the service of the late King of Oudh ; and his father, the 
Diwan Radhanath Mukharji, was in the Public Works Department, and 
became Diwan to Her Highness the Nawab Bhao Begam. Has a son and 
heir, Babu Devendranath Mukharji. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

DWARKA TEWARI, SUBAHDAR, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890. 
Residence. — Nepil. 

BDALJI PBSTANJI, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th February 1875. 
Residence. — Mhow, Central India. 

BLAYA RAJA, The. See Travancore, Mahdrdjd of; 
also see Cochin, Rdjd of. 

PAGHPUR MIRZA, Mirza Bahddur. 

Is the son-in-law of the late Wajid Ali Shah, King of Oudh. Son of 
Nawab Mumtaz-ud-dauM, son of Asghar Ali Khan, eldest son of Muhammad 
Ah Shah, third Kmg of Oudh. On the death of the latter he was succeeded 
by his second son, Amjad Ali Shah, though the Nawab Mumtaz-ud-dauld 
the son of the eldest son, was alive. Mumtaz-ud-dauM married Zinat-un- 
Nissa, the daughter of Malika Zamani, one of the consorts of Nasir-ud-din 
Haidar, second king. 

Residence. — Oudh. 



1.32 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



PAIZ ALI KHAN BAHADUR (of Kotah), NAWAB SIR, 

K.C.S.I. 

The Nawdb Bahidur was created a Knight Commander of the Most 
Exalted Order of the Star of India, 31st December 1875. 
Residence. — Kotah, R^jputdna. 

FAIZ MUHAMMAD KAZI, KMn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 12th April 1876. 
Residence. — Karachi, Sind. 

FAIZ-ULLA KHAN, KMn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on loth July 1878. 
Residence. — Jodhpur, Rijputdna. 

PAIZ-UN-NISA, CHAUDHRAIN, Naw&b Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1889. 
Residence. — Tipperah, Bengal. 

FAKHR-UD-DIN HAIDAR ALI KHAN, SAYYID, Nawdb 
Intikhab-ud-dauld. 

Is a grandson of the late Wajid Ali Shah, King of Oudh, being the son 
of the Nawab Azmat-ud-daula, who married one of the King's daughters. 
The title was granted to Azmat-ud-daula by King Wajid Ali Shah in 1849. 

Residence. — Oudh. 

FAKIRJI JIWAJI, Khdn Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 3rd February 1882. 
Residence. — Bombay. 

PARDANJI PBSTANJI, KMn Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 8th October 1874. 
Residence. — Poona, Bombay. 

FARID-UD-DIN, MAULAVI, SAYYID, KMn BaMdur. 

Born September 1827. The title is personal, and was conferred on 1 6th 
February 1887, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her . Mo t 
GracS Maje ty, for distinguished service as a Judge. The family traces it 
torfromSayyid Abdul Khair, of Khursan, who settled m Kara, distnct 
illahaVin thfyear 1300. The Khin Bahadur's ancestors received^««/ 
grants from the Mughal Emperors for their ability and learning. 

Residence.— ki-i^-, North-Westem Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 133 



FAEIDKOT, His Highness the Rdjd Bahddur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1842 ; succeeded to the gadi 22nd April 1874. His full titles are 
— His Highness Farzand-i-Saadat-i-Nishdn-i-Hazrat-i-Kaisar-i-Hind Barir Bans 
Raja Bikram Singh Bahadur, Raja Bahadur of Faridkot. Is the head of the 
Barar Jat tribe of Sikhs, the family tracing their origin from Barar, seventeenth 
in descent from Jesal, the founder of the Jesalmir State, and the ancestor of 
the Sidhu and other illustrious Jat clans. A descendant of Barar's, named 
Ballan, rose to eminence in the time of the Emperor Akbar. His nephew 
built Kot-Kapura, a fort about six miles south of the town of Faridkot ; and 
a descendant named Sardar Hamir Singh became independent Chief of 
Faridkot in 1782. In 1808 Faridkot submitted to the Maharaja Ranjit 
Singh, and the territory was granted to Diwan Mokam Chand, the Lahore 
General. But when in 1808-9 the British Government demanded from the 
Maharaja the surrender of his conquests on the left bank of the Sutlej, 
Faridkot was given back to its ancient possessors; and in 1845, when the 
first Sikh war broke out, the Sardar Pahar Singh of Faridkot attached him- 
self to the English, using his utmost exertions to collect supplies and carriage, 
and furnishing guides for the army. Pahar Singh received as his reward the 
title of Raja, together with half the territory confiscated from the Raja of 
Nabha, and in this obtained possession once more of Kot-Kapura, the 
ancestral seat of his family. He was succeeded by his son, the Raja Wazir 
Singh, who joined the English in the second Sikh war, and greatly dis- 
tinguished himself during the Mutiny of 1857 by seizing mutineers, guarding 
the ferries over the Sutlej, and attacking a notorious rebel named Sham Das, 
whose village he destroyed. His troops served with credit under General 
Van Cortlandt in Sirsa and elsewhere. For these services Raja Wazir Singh 
received the additional titles of " Barar Bans Raja Saheb Bahadur," a hhiiaf 
of increased value, and a salute of 1 1 guns. He was also exempted from 
the service of ten horsemen, which he had previously had to provide ; and in 
1862 he received a sanad conferring the right of adoption. The present 
Raja has given up excise and transit duties in exchange for compensation. 
The area of the State is 612 square miles; its population 97,034, of whom 
40,182 are Sikhs, 27,463 are Hindus, and 29,035 are Muhammadans. His 
Highness maintains a military force of 70 cavalry, 300 infantry, and 6 guns; 
and is entitled to a salute of 1 1 guns. 

Residence. — Faridkot, Punjab. 



'34 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



PARRUKH MUHAMMAD TAEI ALI, Mirza Bahddur. 

Is the grandson of the late Amjad Ah Shah, fourth King of Oudh, being 
the son of Mirza Dara Sitwat. The title was conferred by King Muhammad 
Ali Shah on Prince Dara Sitwat in 1838. 

Residence. — Oudh. 



PARRUKH SHAH. See Muhammad Farrukh Shah. 



PARRUKH SIYAR, Shdhzdda. 

Is a descendant of Shah Shujd, the King of Kabul, who was restored to 
the throne of Afghanistan by the British. The title is a personal one, and 
was recognised 4th February 1853. 

Residence. — Ludhi£na, Punjab. 



PATBH KHAN walad ABBAS ALI KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Sind. 



PATBH KHAN walad AHMAD KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Amirs 
of the Talpur family. Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 

Residence. — Shikirpur, Sind. 



PATEH KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

PATBH KHAN, Nawdb. 

The title is personal ; a courtesy title. 
Residence. — Hala, Sind. 

PATBH KHAN, MIR (of Mirpur), His Highness. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on loth November 1877, His 
Highness being a descendant of the Amir who was ruling at the time of the 
conquest. 

Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 135 

PATBH KHAN, Khan. 
The title is hereditary, and was conferred on ist January 1877. 
Residence. — Chang, Merwara. 

PATBH KHAN GHBBA, SARDAR, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd January 1888. 
Residence. — Rawalpindi, Punjab. 

PATBH SHBR KHAN, TIWANA, MALLIK, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title was conferred on 31st January i860 as a personal distinction. 
Belongs to an ancient Rajput family, the Tiwanas of Mitha Tiwana, who 
claim common descent with the Sials of Jhang and the Ghebas of Pindigheb, 
all in the division of Rawalpindi, Punjab. Amir Ali Khan was the founder 
of the family ; and his son, Mir Ahmad Khan, built Mitha Tiwana, which 
became a flourishing town under his successors, Dadu Khan and Sher Khan. 
Dadu Khan was killed in a skirmish with his own son Sher Khan, who then 
became Chief. His grandson, Ahmad Yar Khan, submitted to the Maha- 
raja Ranjit Singh , and the nephew of Ahmad Yar Khan, Fateh Khan, held a 
command under Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa till the death of that General in 
1837. Subsequently he was placed in charge of the Bannu territory by 
Raja Dhyan Singh, Prime Minister at Lahore. On the outbreak of the re- 
bellion in 1848 Fateh Singh, on the recommendation of Lieutenant Edwardes, 
was appointed Governor of Bannu. He did good service, but his fort of 
Dalipnagar was besieged by the mutineers, and he was shot down in the 
gateway. He was succeeded by his son, Fateh Sher Khan, the present 
Mallik, who served as one of Major Edwardes's chief officers. In the 
Mutiny of 1857 he rendered excellent service in the Hissar and Jhajjar terri- 
tories, and was rewarded with an extensive /a^/r, as well as the title of Khan 
Bahadur. 

Residence. — Shdhpur, Punjab. 



PATBH SINGH (of Pawayan), Rdjd. 

Born loth October 1858. The title is hereditary, and the present Raja 
succeeded his adoptive father on the 17th May 1889. Belongs to a family 
of Gaur Rajputs, who first came into the district of Shahjahanpur to help the 
Rani of Nahil against the Pathans. Udhai Singh, the leader of the second 
expedition, founded the town of Pawayan. At the time of the cession in 
1802 the great-grandson of Udhai Singh, named Raja Raghunath Singh, was 
Raja of Pawayan, and he was confirmed in his possessions by Mr. Wellesley, 
the Deputy Governor. He was succeeded in 1825 by his widow the Rani • 
and the latter, having adopted Raja Jagannath Singh (the uncle and adoptive' 
father of the present Raja), died in 1850. The Raja is an Honorary 
Magistrate. 

Residence. — Shdhjahinpur, North-Westem Provinces. 



136 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



FATBH SINGH (of Thehpur), Sarddr. 

Born 1823. The title is hereditary. Descended from Sardar Milka 
Singh, who was one of the most powerful of the Sikh Chiefs during the latter 
half of the last century. He died in 1804, and his son, Sardar Jiwan 
Singh, died the next year. The Maharaja Ranjit Singh then seized the 
largest portion of the estate, giving Sardar Anand Singh, the son and heir of 
Jiwan Singh, yig'/rj in Firozpur district. Sardar Anand Singh died in 183 1, 
leaving his only son, the present Sardar, a minor of eight years of age. On 
the annexation of the Punjab the Sardar's personal jd^r was confirmed to 
him for life — one quarter to descend to his son, who is named Shamsher 
Singh, born in 1843. 

Residence. — Thehpur, Lahore, Punjab. 



FATBH SINGH, RAJ (of Dilwara), Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd January 1888. 
Residence. — Mewd.r, Rdjput^na. 

FATH ALI, Nawdb, C.S.I. See Banganapale, Nawdb of. 

FAUJDAR KHAN (of Ashti), Nawdb. 

Born about 1825. The title is hereditary. The Nawab is the son of 
Nawab Hatam Khan ; and is descended in a direct line from the Afghan 
Chief, Muhammad Khan Niazi, to whom Ashti was granted as a jdgir by 
the Emperor Jahangir of Delhi. The title of Nawab was conferred by the 
Emperor Shah Jahan, and has been recognised by the British Government. 
The Nawab has a son and heir named Hatam Khan. 

Residence. — Ashti, Wardha, Central Provinces. 

FAZL AHMAD KHAN (of Panipat), Nawdb. 

The title is hereditary. Is descended from the Nawab Lutf-ulla Khan, 
whose great-grandson, Nawab Bakar Ali Khan, was the grandfather of the 
present Nawab. The family occupied important posts under the Mughal 
Emperors of Delhi. The Nawab Bakar Ali Khan was succeeded by his son, 
the Nawab Aman-ulla Khan ; he rendered excellent service to Government 
during the Mutiny of 1857, and was rewarded with" a considerable grant of 
lands. He was succeeded by his elder son, the present Nawab. 

Residence. — Pfeipat, Kamal, Punjab. 

FAZL ALI walad MUHAMMAD KHAN, Mir. 
The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of the Mirs who were 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Sind. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 137 



FAZL HUSAIN, SHAIKH, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1826. The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1882, 
in recognition of eminent services rendered during the famine of 1877. 
Residence. — Lucknow, Gudh. 

PAZL HUSAIN KHAN walad SOHRAB KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of the Mirs who were 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

FAZL IMAM SAYTID, Khdn Bahadur. 

The title is personal; and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Patna, Bengal. 

PAZL MUHAMMAD walad ALI BAKHSH KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of the Mirs who were 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 



PIEOZ KHAN (of Bari), Rdjd. 

The title is hereditary. The Raja is a Gakkar Chief, son of Raja Ali 
Gauhar Khan. The Gakkars trace their descent from Kai Gohar, a native 
of Ispahan in Persia, whose son. Sultan Kaid, is said to have conquered 
Badakshan and part of Thibet. They were settled in the Punjab about 300 
A.D. ; and their conquest of Kashmir, and their resistance to the Emperor 
Babar, are historical events. The Raja has two sons, named Sher Ahmad 
Khan and Gauhar Rahman. 

Residence. — Hazdra, Punjab. 



PRAMJI ARDBSAE, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1888. 
Residence. — Ahmednagar, Bombay. 

GABAT, THAKUR VAJBSINGH, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1875 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor ; is a tributary to Idar, 
and belongs to a Koli (aboriginal) family. The State has an area of 22 
square miles; and a population of 1430, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence — Gabat, Mdhi Kintha, Bombay. 



138 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



GABBAR SINGH (of Kaimori), Rao. 

The title is hereditary ; and was originally conferred by Raja Bikram 
Shah, Gond Raja of Mandla. The family is said to be descended from 
Shiani Shah Rao, who first bore the title of Rao. 

Residence. — Jabalpur, Central Provinces. 

GAD, Thdkur of. See Garh. 

GADHI, RAJA UMAR SINGH walad DBVRAO, Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1868 ; succeeded to the gadi 6th October 1886. The area of the 
State, which is one of the Dang States of Khandesh, is 170 square miles ; its 
population 6309, chiefly Bhils, Konknas, and other aboriginal tribes. 

Residence. — Gadhi, Khdndesh, Bombay. 

GADHKA, AZAM JADBJA SHIVSINGHJI GOVINDJI, 

Tdlukddr of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1869; succeeded to the gadi a.s a minor, 26th November 1870. 
Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. The area of the State is 23 square 
miles; its population 2252, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Gadhka, Kdthidwd,r, Bombay. 

GAGAR MAL, LALA, Rai Bahddur. 

The title was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the occasion of the 
Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty's reign, as a personal distinction. 

Residence. — Amritsar, Punjab. 

GAJAMAN KRISHNA BHATAVADBKAR, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence. — Baroda. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



139 




GAJAPATI RAO, G. N., J?djd, CLE. 

Born 2nd December 1828. Is a scion of the ancient Goday family of 
Vizagapatam in the Northern Circars, Madras Presidency, and Zamindar of 

Ankapalle and other estates. Educated in the 
Hindu College, Calcutta. Was a Member of 
the Madras Legislative Council from 1868 to 
1884; and a Fellow of the University of 
Madras. The title of Raja was conferred 
upon him in 1881 ; and the Companionship 
of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire in 1892. Has established and main- 
tains several schools ; presented the statue of 
Her Majesty the Queen Empress of India to 
the city of Madras in honour of Her Majesty's 
Jubilee in 1887 ; and has given large donations 
to many public objects. Has received from 
His Holiness the Pope Leo XIII., through 
His Delegate Apostolic in East Indies, in 1891, 
a mosaic picture as a mark of appreciation of his kindness shown to the 
Catholics of Vizagapatam. The Raja's grandfather, Sri Goday Jaga Rao, 
distinguished himself in the service of Government about the middle of the 
1 8th century. It was of him that the Honourable Court of Directors in a 
communication to the Government of Fort Saint George, dated 17 th April 
1789, wrote: "We concur in the acknowledgment your Government have 
rendered of the zeal for our interests manifested on various occasions by 
Goday Jugga Row." Sri Jaga Rao was succeeded by his son Sri Goday 
Soorya Narayan Rao, father of the Raja; born 1792, died 1853. Lord 
Connemara, when publicly complimenting the Raja on his presentation of the 
statue of the Queen Empress to the city of Madras, said of this gentleman : 
" The Raja's father, Goday Soorya Nardyan Rao, followed in the footsteps of 
his father, founded various charitable institutions, and during the famine of 
1833 fed a large number of poor in the neighbourhood of Nellore. He also 
contributed largely to various public works." The Raja's crest is a rising 
sun over a Hindu device, with the motto, " I desire the Light," in Sanskrit 
and Latin. 

Residences. — The Mahal, Vizagapatam ; and The Mansion, Madras. 



140 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



GAJINDAR SINGH (of Majithia), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary. Belongs to the same family of the Shergil Jat 
tribe as his first cousin the Sardar Dayal Singh of Majithia (see Dayal 
Singh), both Sardars being grandsons of Sardar Disa Singh. The father 
of Sardar Gajindar Singh was Sardar Ranjodh Singh, half-brother of Sardar 
Lahna Singh, being the son [of Sardar Disa Singh by another mother. He 
was a General in the Sikh Army. 

Residence. — Amritsar, Punjab. 

GAJEAJ SINGH (of Hirapur), Thdkur. 

Born 1832. The title is hereditary; and is said to have been first 
acquired from Raja Narbar. Belongs to a Rajput family of the Bais-Suraj- 
Bansi, or Bais Solar race ; said to have come from the neighbourhood of 
Delhi in the time of the Gond Rajas. Anup Singh, one of his ancestors, 
rendered military service to the Raja of Pitehra ; for which he received a 
jdgir in Sagar territory. The Thakur has five sons — Than Singh, Bhagwant 
Singh, Ajmir Singh, Bisal Singh, and Kaliar Singh. 

Residence. — Hirapur, Narsinghpur, Central Provinces. 

GALE MAUNG, Kyet Thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1889. It means 
" Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour," and is indicated by the letters 
K.S.M. after the name. 

Residence. — Tavoy, Burma. 

GANDA SINGH (of Dhiru Majra), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary. The Sardar is the present head of the Dhiru 
Majra Sardars, who come of a Jat family. He has taken great interest in 
educational matters. 

Residence. — Dhiru Majra, Ludhidna, Punjab. 

GANBSH BALKRISHNA HANCHINAL, Azam. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 26th November 1883. 
Residence. — Belgaum, Bombay. 

GANBSH GANGADHAR, Rao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890. 
Residence. — Mihi Kdntha, Bombay. 

GANBSH GOVIND, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 17th October 1884. 
Residence. — Poona, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 141 



GANBSH SITARAM SHASTRI, SAR SUBAH, Rao Bahddur. 

The title was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the occasion of the 
Jubilee of the reign of Her Majesty the Queen Empress, as a personal 
distinction. 

Residence. — Baroda. 

G-ANGA BISHTU RAI, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 6th December 1 884. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

GANGA CHARAN DAS, Rai Bahddtcr. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1883. 
Residence. — Indore, Central India. 



GANGA PARSHAD SINGH, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 6th July 1888. 
Residence. — Darbhanga, Bengal. 



GANGA RAM, Rai. 

Born 181 1. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Khatri family that 
has long resided at Delhi, but came originally from Nawashahr, in the 
Jalandhar division of the Punjab. Several members of the family obtained 
positions of trust and honour under the Mughal Emperors ; and one, Nagar 
Mai, obtained the title of Maharaja. The Rai has four sons — Baldeo Singh, 
Ram Singh, Sham Singh, and Surat Singh. 

Residence. — Delhi, Punjab. 



GANGADHAR SHASTRI, Mahdmahopddhydya. 

The title was conferred on 16th February 1887, on the occasion of the 
Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign, in recognition of his eminence in oriental 
learning. It entitles him to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular 
Rajas. 

Residence. — Benares, North- Western Provinces. 



GANGAJI RAMJI, Rao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890. 
Residence. — Bombay. 



142 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



GANGPUE, RAJA RAGHUNATH SIKHAR DEO, Rdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1849 ; succeeded to the gadi 28th November 1858. Belongs to a 
Kshatriya (Hindu) family, known as the Sikhar family of Sikharpur or 
Pachete in Mdnbhum. The Raja's eldest son and heir bears the title of 
Tikait, and is named Tikait Harinath Sikhar Deo. The area of the State, 
which is one of the Chota Nagpur Tributary Mahals, is 2484 square miles; 
its population 107,985, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Gangpur, Chota NcLgpur, Bengal. 



GANPAT RAI (of Deri Ghazi Khan, Punjab), C.I.E., Diwdn. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1883. The 
Diwan, for eminent services rendered to Government as an Extra Assistant 
Commissioner in Baluchistan, was created a Companion of the Most Eminent 
Order of the Indian Empire on 2Sth May 1892. 

Residence. — Baluchistan. 



GANPAT RAO (of Jaisinghnagar), Rao. 

Born 1845. The title is hereditary, and was originally conferred by the 
old Mahratta Government. The ancestors of this family were a branch of 
that of the ancient rulers of Sagar. The Rao has a son and heir, named 
Narayan Rao. 

Residence. — Jaisinghpur, Sdgar, Central Provinces. 



GANPATRAO MOROBA PITALB, Rao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 31st January 1870. 
Residence. — Bombay. 

GANPATRAO RAMCHANDAR, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 31st October 1879. 
Residence. — Ujjain, Central India. 



GARAB SINGH (of Nandsa), Thdkur. 

The title is hereditary, having been originally conferred by the Rajas of 
Deogarh. The Thakur is Jagirdar of Pachmari, and his jdgir was originally 
held by a family of Mowasses of Korkors, the hereditary guardians of the 
Cave of Mahadeo, in the Pachmari Hills. 

Residence. — Nandsa, Hoshangabad, Central Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



143 




The Santak of the Chauhan 
Rajputs, called Ckakra, used 
in the seal and for signature. 

(A circle with four Trisulas or 
Tridents as radii at the car- 
dinal points.) 



GARH, THAKUR CHANDEASINGHJI, 

Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1866; succeeded to the gadi loth 
November 1884. Belongs to a Chauhan Rajput 
(Hindu) family, descended from a younger brother 
of one of the ancestors of the Chief of Chhota 
Udaipur, to whom the Thakur of Garh is tributary. 
The State, which is the largest in the Sankhera 
Mehvas, contains an area of 1 34 square miles ; its 
population is almost entirely Bhil (aboriginal). 

Residence. — Garh, Rewi K^ntha, Bombay. 




The Santak of the Chauhin 
Rijputs, called Chakra, used 
in the seal and for signature. 

(A circle with four Trisulas or 
Tridents as radii at the car- 
dinal points.) 



GARHA, RAJA BALBHADAR SINGH, 

Rdjd of. 

A Ruhng Chief. 

Born 1870; succeeded to the gadi 7th April 
1881. Belongs to a Chauhan Rajput (Hindu) 
family. The State is feudatory to Gwalior, and 
was formerly a portion of the Rajhugarh jdgir. 
Its name is sometimes spelt Gharra. Its popula- 
tion is about 9500. 

Residence. — Garha, Guna, Central India. 



GARHWAL, Rdjd of See Tehri. 



GARRAULI, DIWAN BAHADUR CHANDRA BHAN SINGH, 

Jdgirddr of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1884; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 16th March 1885. 
Belongs to the Bundela Rajput (Hindu) family, of the Orchha stock that has 
given rulers to so many States of Central India {see Panna, Ajaigarh, Dattia 
Charkhari, Bijawar, Sarila, Jigni, Jaso, Lughasi, eta) Man Singh, the 
younger grandson of Rudra Pratap (founder of Orchha), was the founder of 
the Satgharia branch of this family, from which descend the Garrauli Chiefs. 
Diwan Gopal Singh obtained a sanad iiora the British Government in 1812. 
He was succeeded by his son, Diwan Parichhat, on whom the additional 
title of Bahadur was conferred, 17th October 1844. The area of the State 
is 25 square miles; its population 4976, chiefly Hindus. The Diwan 
Bahadur maintains a military force of 2 cavalry, 56 infantry, and 4 guns. 

Residence. — Garrauli, Bundelkhand, Central India. 



144 THE GOLDEN BOOIC OF INDIA 



GAUHAR KHAN, C.I.B., Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary, the Sardar being the Chief of the Jalawan 
Brahuis of Baluchistan. He was created a Companion of the Most 
Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on the institution of that Order, ist 
January 1878. 

Residence. — Baluchistan. 



GAUR OHANDBR MAN SINGH HARI CHANDAN MURDRAJ 
BHRAMARBAR RAI (of Parikud), Rdjd. 

Born in November 1850. The title is hereditary, and the present Raja 
succeeded to the gadi on the death of his father. Raja Chandra Sikhar Man 
Singh, in 1872. Belongs to an ancient family, whose founder was the Raja 
Jadu Raj. He possessed Parikud and other territory in the time of the 
Mughals. He fought against the Subahdar of the province on behalf of the 
Nawab Parasuramraj Pandit, and defeated him, receiving large grants of terri- 
tory from the Nawab as his reward. Towards the close of the Mahratta rule 
the Raja Harisebak of Parikud was defeated by the Raja of Khurdah, and 
lost most of his possessions. Raja Chandra Sikhar Man Singh, predecessor 
of the present Raja, showed great liberality in the time of the Orissa famine 
of 1866, and was created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the 
Star of India. 

Residence. — Parikud, Puri, Orissa, Bengal. 



GAURHARI RAI, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 7th April 1884. 
Residence. — Midnapur, Bengal. 



GAURIHAR, RAO SHAMLB PRASAD BAHADUR, Jdgirddr of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1859; succeeded to the gadi on the death of the late Rao Gaja- 
dhar Prasad, 14th November 1887. Belongs to a Brahman (Hindu) family, 
that held the title of " Sawai Rajdhar " from ancient times. At the beginning 
of the present century Rajdhar Raja Ram, the head of the family, was 
a Sardar of the Banda-Ajaigarh State, and Governor of its fort of Bhuragarh 
at Banda. He became a leader of note, and in 1807 was granted the 
Ga-vxihax Jdgir by the British Government. His son, Rajdhar Rudra Pratap, 
did excellent service, and incurred great personal loss at Banda. For this 
the Government conferred on him, in the Cawnpur Darbar of 1859, the 
title of Rao Bahadur, a khilat, and the right of adoption. The area of the 
State is 72 square miles; its population is 10,691, chiefly Hindus. The 
Chief maintains a military force of 43 cavalry, 198 infantry, and 6 guns. 

Residence. — Gaurihar, Bundelkhand, Central India. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 145 



GAUBISHANKAR UDBSHANKAE, AZAM, C.S.I. 

Born 2ist August 1805; was for a long time the Diwdn or Prime 
Minister of the State of Bhaunagar {q.v.), in Kathiawar, where he so 
distinguished himself by his vigorous administration and numerous reforms 
as to earn from Sir Bartle Frere, then Governor of Bombay, the high praise 
of being " one of the best and ablest of modern native statesmen." At the 
Imperial Assemblage of Delhi, ist January 1877, on the occasion of the 
Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India, he was 
created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, with 
a Medal of Honour. He retired from the service of the Bhaunagar State in 
1879, having been honourably engaged in it for a period of no less than 
fifty-seven years. 

Residence. — Bhaunagar, KithidwSr. 

GAVRIDAD, AZAM JADEJA PRATAPSINGHJI MBRUJI, 

Tdlukddr of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1839; succeeded to the gadi in 1855. Belongs to a Rajput 
(Hindu) family. The State, which was the original seat of the Chiefs of 
Palitana, has an area of 27 square miles; and a population of 2381, chiefly 
Hindus. The Talukdar maintains a military force of 1 1 cavalry, 1 9 infantry, 
and 2 guns. 

Residence. — Gavridad, KdthiiwSr, Bombay. 

GAWHALI, Chief of See Raysinghpur. 

GAYA PARSHAD (of Pindarna), Thdkur. 

Born 1852. The title is hereditary, having been originally conferred by 
Raja Mardan Singh of Garhakota. An ancestor of the family, named Rawat 
Parshad, saved the life of the Raja Mardan Singh from the Raja of Tehri, 
and obtained from him a sanad on copper-plate, granting him lands and the 
title of Thakur. He has one son, Thakur Bhairao Parshad. 

Residence. — Pindarna, Sdgar, Central Provinces. 

GBROLI, Diwdn Bahadur of See Garrauli. 

GHANSHAM SINGH (of Mursan), Jidjd Bahddur. 
Born 1851. The title is hereditary, and having long been recognised by 
Government, was formally conferred on 3rd December 1859, for the excellent 
services of the Raja Tikam Singh, grandfather of the present Raja, during the 
Mutiny of 1 85 7 . The Raja comes of a family of Baisni Jats, having a common 
ancestor with the Raja Har Narayan Singh of Hathras in Aligarh — a Jat Chief, 
by name Makhan, who came from Rajputana and settled in the neighbourhood 
of Mursan. His great-grandson, Thakur Nand Ram, died in 1696, leaving 
fourteen sons, of whom one was named Zulkaran. The latter left a son named 
Khusal Singh, who obtained lands from the favour of the Nawab Vazir of 

L 



146 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

Oudh, Saadat Khan. He died in 1749, and was succeeded by his son Phup 
Singh, who largely increased the family estates, and assumed the title of Raja. 
His son Bhagwant Singh succeeded in 1798, and also increased the estates, 
and was granted &jdgtr by the British Government for good service performed 
in Lord Lake's campaign. He died in 1823, and was succeeded by Raja 
Tikam Singh, of whom above. Raja Tikam Singh was also created a 
Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. He died in 
1878, and was succeeded by his grandson, the present Raja, who is an 
Honorary Magistrate. 

Residence. — Mursan, Aligarh, North-Western Provinces. 

GHARI, BHUMIA NAHAR SINGH, JBhumia of. 

Born about 1839 ; succeeded to the gadi in 1864. Belongs to a 
Bhilala family. The State is also called Bhaisakho; its population is 
about 980. 

Residence. — Ghari, Bhopiwar, Central India. 

GHAERA, Rdjd of. See Garha. 

GHAUS SHAH KADARI, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, in celebra- 
tion of the assumption of the Imperial title by Her Most Gracious Majesty 
the Queen Empress. 

Residence. — Kadar, Mysore. 

GHAUSIA BBGAM, Nawdb. 

Is the half-sister of His late Highness Muhammad Ghaus, the last of the 
titular Nawabs of the Carnatic. Was granted the personal title of Nawab in 
1822. 

Residence. — Madras. 

GHAYAS-UD-DIN ALI KHAN, DIWAN, Shaikh-ul-Mushaikh. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Majesty as Empress of India. 
Residence. — Ajmir. 

GHATAS-UD-DIN JALA-UD-DIN KAZI, MIR, Khdn Saheb. 
Granted the title, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893. 
Residence. — Ndsik, Bombay. 

GHAZANPAR ALI, MIR, Khdn. 

A member of the Carnatic family. The title is a personal one ; and, 
having been originally conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic, was 
recognised 1890. 

Residence. — Madras. 

GHORAM KHAN, RIND, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 21st February 1884. 
Residence. — Karachi, Sind. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 147 



GHORASAR, THAKUR DADA SAHBB SURAJMALJI, Thdkurof. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1869 \ succeeded to the gadi 5th January 1883. Belongs to a 
Dabbi Rajput (Hindu) family. Is tributary to the Gaekwar. The area of 
the State is 40 square miles ; its population 8400, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Ghorasar, Mdhi Kintha, Bombay. 

GrHULAM AHMAD, Khdn Bahadur Kasim Jang. 

The title, having been originally conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic, 
was recognised in 1890. 
Residence. — Madras. 

GHULAM AHMAD, MIRZA, CLE, 

Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire, 24th May 1881. 

Residence. — 

GHULAM AHMAD-ULLA, Khdn. 

The title, having been originally conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic, 
was recognised 1890. Is styled Muhammad Khair-ulla Khan. 
Residence. — Madras. 

GHULAM AKBAR KHAN walad HUSAIM BAKHSH, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the anne.xation. 
Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 

GHULAM ALI, Khdn Bahddur. 

A member of the Carnatic family. The title, having been originally 
conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic, was recognised 1890. 
Residence. — Madras. 

GHULAM ALI walad ZULPIKAR KHAN, Mir. 
The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of the Talpur Mirs, 
who were ruhng in Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 

GHULAM ALI KHAN walad KHAN MUHAMMAD, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 



148 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



GHULAM ALI KHAN walad GHULAM SHAH KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shik^rpur, Sind. 

GHULAM BABA, MIR, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 27th June 1878. 
Residence. — Surat, Bombay. 

GHULAM DASTAGIR, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is a personal one, and was conferred in January 1888. 
Residence. — Trichinopoli, Madras. 

GHULAM GHAUS, MUNSHI KHWAJA, Khdn Bahddur Zulkadr. 

Born 1822. The title is personal, and was conferred on 6th June 1885. 
Belongs to a family that left Kashmir towards the close of the Durrani 
dynasty on the occasion of a political outbreak, and removing to Tibet, 
engaged in commerce at Lhassa ; but subsequently migrated to Nepal, and 
finally settled at Benares. Khwaja Ghulam Ghaus succeeded his uncle as 
Mir Munshi to Government, and held that post till his retirement in 1885. 
Rendered loyal service during the Mutiny of 1857, for which a sanad a.nd 
khilat were conferred upon him. 

Residence. — Allahabad, North-Western Provinces. 



GHULAM GHAUS. See Ghulam Muhammad Ghaus. 

GHULAM HAIDAR walad MUHAMMAD KHAN, Mir. 
The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Sind. 

GHULAM HASAN, SHAIKH, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on and January 1888. 
Residence. — Amritsar, Punjab. 

GHULAM HUSAIN walad NAJIP ALI KHAN, Mir. 
The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shik^rpur, Sind. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 149 



GHULAM HUSAIN walad ALI GAUHAR KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 



GHULAM HUSAIN (JATI), Malik. 

Born about 1847. The title is hereditary, the tradition being that it 
was first conferred by Sultan Murad Khan, son of Sultan Muhammad Khan 
of Constantinople. There is also a sanad from Muhammad Shah, Emperor 
of Delhi. Belongs to a Jat (Muhammadan) family. 

Residence. — Karachi, Sind. 



GHULAM HUSAIN KHAN walad IMAM BAKHSH 
KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind. 

Residence. — Shik^rpur, Sind. 



GHULAM HUSAIN KHAN walad AHMAD KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikcirpur, Sind. 

GHULAM JILANI, Khan. 

The title, originally conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic, was recognised 
in 1890. 

Residence. — Madras. 

GHULAM KADIR KHAN walad KHAN MUHAMMAD 
KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shik^rpur, Sind. 

GHULAM KADIR KHAN, Khan Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence. — Gwalior, Central India. 

GHULAM KASIM KHAN, KATI KHBL (of Tank), Nawdh. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 6 th October 1882. 
Residence. — Dera Ismail Khdn, Punjab. 



ISO THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



GHULAM MAHMUD, Khdn. 

The title is a personal one, and having been originally conferred by the 
Nawab of the Carnatic, was recognised in 1890. Is styled Niamat Khan. 
Residence. — M adras. 

GHULAM MAHMUD, 'S.hZl, Khdn Bahddur Mutasib Jang Mustafi- 
ud-dauld Sharf-ul-Muik. 

The title is a personal one, and having been originally conferred by the 
Nawab of the Carnatic, was recognised in 1890. 

Residence. — Madras. 

GHULAM MOHI-UD-DIN, Khdn. 

The title is a personal one, and having been originally conferred by the 
Nawab of the Carnatic, was recognised in 1890. 

Residence. — Madras. 

GHULAM MOHI-UD-DIN, Khdn. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1881. 
Residence. — Kashmir. 

GHULAM MUHAMMAD, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1850. Is son-in-law of His late Highness Prince Intizam-ul-Mulk, 
the third of the Princes of Arcot ; granted the personal title of Khan Bahadur 
in 1887. 

Residence. — Madras. 

GHULAM MUHAMMAD GHAUS, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1 86 1. Is son of Muazzaz-ud-daula, and grandson of His late 
Highness Azim Jah, the first of the titular Princes of Arcot. Granted the 
personal title of Khan Bahadur in 1876. 

Residence. — Madras. 

GHULAM MUHAMMAD HAIDAR, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1834. Rendered eminent service in the Madras Police, for which 
he received the tide as a personal distinction in 1887. Retired on pension 
in 1890. 

Residence. — Karur, Coimbatore, Madras. 

GHULAM MUHAMMAD HAJI, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 3rd April 1884. 
Residence. — Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 151 



GHULAM MUHAMMAD, Haji, Khdn Bahddur Ghalib Jang Sharf- 

ud-dauld. 

The title is a personal one, and having been originally conferred by the 
Nawab of the Carnatic, was recognised in 1890. 
Residence. — Madras. 

GHULAM MUHAMMAD HASAN ALI, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1850. Son of Sardar Jang. Granted the title of Khan Bahadur 
as a personal distinction in 1883. 
Residence. — Madras. 



GHULAM MUHAMMAD KHAN walad RUSTAM KHAN, 

Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of the Talpur Mirs, 
who were ruling in Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 

GHULAM MUHI-UD-DIN, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1852. Granted the personal title of Khan Bahadur in 1885, for 
good service in the Railway Department. 
Residence. — Tanjore, India. 

GHULAM MURTAZA, Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Baluchistan. 

GHULAM MURTAZA KHAN walad CHAKAR KHAN 
(of Rahuja), Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of the Talpur Mirs, 
who were rulers of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

GHULAM MUSTAFA KHAN, HAJI, walad GHULAM 
HAIDAR, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 

GHULAM NABI, MUNSHI, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title'is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the celebration of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. 
Residence. — Punjab. 



152 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



GHULAM NABI ALI, Khdn Bahddur Nasir Jang. 

The title is a personal one, and having been conferred originally by the 
Nawab of the Carnatic, was recognised in 1890. Is a member of the 
Carnatic family. 

Residence. — Madras. 



GHULAM NABI KHAN walad IMAM BAKHSH KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary. The Mir is a descendant of one of the Mirs or 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 



GHULAM NAJAP KHAN walad IMAM BAKHSH KHAN, 

Mir. 

The title is hereditary. The Mir is a descendant of one of the Mirs or 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 



GHULAM RASUL, MIYAN, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890. 
Residence. — Peshdwar, Punjab. 

GHUND, Chief of. 
Is a feudatory of the Raja of Keonthal {q.v.), and rules over one of the 
Simla Hill States. 

Residence. — Ghund, Simla Hills, Punjab. 



GIDHAUR, MAHARAJA RAVANESHWAR PRASAD SINGH 
BAHADUR, Mahdrdjd Bahddur of. 
Born 1859. Belongs to a Kshatriya family of the Chandra Vansi or 
Lunar sept, whose founder was Bir Vikram Singh. His ancestors had come 
frt)m Mahoba in Bundelkhand, and setded at Bardi in Rewah, and he was 
the younger brother of the Raja of Bardi. From him the ninth in descent is 
said to have built the temple of Baidyanath. Raja Dalar Singh, fourteenth 
Raja, is stated to have received Afarmdn from the Emperor Shah Jahan in 
1 65 1. Raja Gopal Singh was recognised by the British Government; and 
his grandson was the well-known Sir Jaimangal Singh Bahadur, K.C.S.I., on 
whom the tide of Maharaja Bahadur was conferred for his eminent services 
during the Santal insurrection and the Mutiny of 1857. On ist January 
1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as 
Empress of India, Sir Jaimangal Singh received the hereditary title of Maha- 
ri,ja Bahadur. He was succeeded by his son, Maharaja Shiva Prasad Singh 
Bahadur ; and the latter by his son, the present Maharaja Bahadur, who is 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA IS3 



well known for his benevolence and loyalty. Educated in Sanskrit, Persian, 
Hindi, and English ; married in 1885, and has a son and heir, born in 1890. 
Received a khilat from the Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal on succeeding to 
the title, also the privilege of exemption from attendance in Civil Courts. 
The family cognisance is a trisul, or trident of Siva. 
Residence. — Gidhaur, Bengal. 

GIRDHARLAL ULATRAM, Rao Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 27th December 1872. 
Residence. — Ahmadabad, Bombay. 

GIRIAPA TIMAPA DESAI, Heladi Naik Bahddur Desai Nadugauda. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Belgaum, Bombay. 



GIRIJA NATH RAI (of Dindjpur), Mahdrdjd. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1884. Is the son 
of the late Maharani Sham Mohini of Dinajpur ; and belongs to a family 
settled in the Dinajpur district since the time of Akbar, at which time one 
of its ancestors, named Srimanta Datta, was Zamindar of Dinajpur. His 
daughter married Hari Ram Rai, who had been Diwan to the Zamindar of 
Idrakpur. The son of this marriage was Suka Deb Rai, who died in 1677. 
His son. Raja Jai Deb, was Raja of Dinajpur from 1677 to 1682; and was 
succeeded by his brother, Raja Prannath, from 1682 to 1723, who adopted 
a young relative named Ram Nath, who succeeded to the Raj, and died in 
1760. A grandson of the latter by adoption, named Radha Nath, was Raja 
from 1780 to 1801 ; at his accession he owned the greater part of the three 
districts of Dinajpur, Maldah, and Bogra, but after the Decennial Settlement 
the bulk of the estate was sold for arrears of revenue. His grandson was 
the Raja Tarak Nath, 1840 to 1865, husband of the late Maharani Sham 
Mohini, and adoptive father of the present Raja. The title of Maharani was 
formally conferred on that lady in 1875, for her eminent benevolence during 
the great famine of 1873. 

Residence. — Dindjpur, Bengal. 

GIRISH OHANDAR DAS, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd April 1874, for eminent 
public services. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

GIRISH CHANDAR GHOSH, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 19th August 1879, for 
eminent services as Judge. 

Residence. — Hugli, Bengal. 



154 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



GIRISH CHANDAR RAI, Rat Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1889, for eminent 
public services. 

Residence. — Nalthoba, Bengal. 

GOBARDHUN DAS, SAH, Rai Bahddur. 

Born 29th October 1856. The title is personal, and was conferred on 
ist January 1886, for eminent public services as a Municipal Commissioner 
of Lucknow, and an Honorary Magistrate. Belongs to an Agarwala family ; 
and is one of the sons of Sah Benarsi Das, late a banker at Lucknow, and a 
partner in the banking firm of Sah Behari Lai, Lucknow. 

Residence. — Lucknow, Gudh. 

GOBIND RAM, Rao Bahddur. 

Born 15th December 1851. The title was conferred, 2nd January 1888, 
as a personal distinction, for his services on the District Board and Municipal 
Committee, and especially for consideration shown to his debtors in proceed- 
ings under the Jhansi Encumbered Estates Act. Belongs to a Gaur Brahman 
Pattiwal family, whose ancestor, Khem Chand, emigrated to Jaipur from 
Jesalmir, and there established a commercial house; and subsequently 
established three more houses in Jhansi. The Rao Bahadur's uncle 
rendered good service during the Mutiny of 1857. 

Residence.— Ya&asi, North-Western Provinces. 

GOBIND RAO NARAYAN, Rao. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Allahabad, North-Western Provinces. 

GOBIND SAHAI, Diwdn. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Gujrdnwila, Punjab. 

GOBIND SINGH (of Beona), Rdjd. 

Born 29th November 1872. The title is hereditary; and is stated by 
the family to have been obtained in the year 1746 from the Mahrattas, after 
the defeat of the Bundelas by the combined forces of the Peshwa and Nawab 
Khan Bangash of Farrukhabad. Belongs to a Bundela Rajput family, and is 
the son of the late Raja Parachat, who died on 3rd March 1878. 

Residence. — Jalaun, North- Western Provinces. 

GOBIND SINGH, THAKUR, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1889. 
Residence. — Jaipur, Rijput&a. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA I5S 

GODB NARATAN GAJAPATI RAO, Rdjd. See Gajapati. 

GOGAJSr CHANDRA RAI, Mai Bahddur. 
Granted the title of Rai Bahadur, as a personal distinction, for eminent 
services rendered in the Benares Opium Department, 2nd January 1893. 
Residence. — Benares, North-Western Provinces. 

GOKAL DAS, SETH, Rdjd. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1889. The Raja 
had been created a Rao Saheb in 1867, on account of his liberal contributions 
towards the erection of the Jabalpur Town Hall. His father was Seth Kushal 
Chand, a wealthy banker of Jabalpur, who rendered good services during the 
Mutiny in 1857 ; a gold medal was presented to him by the Government for 
his liberal help in fitting out the Madras Column. 

Residence. — Jabalpur, Central Provinces. 

GOEAL NARAYAN, Rai. 

Born 1842. The title is hereditary; having been originally conferred by 
the Nawab Shuja-ud-daula Bahadur on an ancestor of the family named 
Lachmi Narayan, Khattri, who was Daroga of the palaces of the Begam. 
The Rai's father was the Rai Baldeo Narayan, alias Chotu Lai. The Rai 
is also known by the name of Chotu Lai ; he has three sons — Babu Kesri 
Narayan, Mahabir Narayan, and Badri Narayan. 

Residence. — Allahabad, North-Western Provinces. 

GOKUL CHANDRA SINGHI, Rai Bahddur. 

Born 1825 ; son of the late Babu Uma Charan Singhi, of Khishma, 
Nadiya, Bengal. Has rendered good service in the Small Arms Ammunition 
Factory at Dum-Dum ; and received the title on the ist January 1891, in 
recognition thereof. Belongs to a Kayastha family descended from Rai 
Lakshman Singha of Chaula, who was the Gushtipati or " Chief of the clan " 
among the Maulik Kayasthas. Muralidhar Singha first settled in Khishma in 
the beginning of the 17th century; and it is stated that Raja Kali Prasanna 
Singha of Calcutta, translator of the Mahabharata, is a lineal descendant of 
this family. The Rai Bahadur married a daughter of the late Babu Chandra 
Nath Mustafi, Zamindar of Ula in Nadiya District, whose ancestors are stated 
to have held the post of Accountant-General under the Nawab Nazims of 
Bengal. The Rai Bahadur has three sons — Anukul Chandra Singha, born 
1865; Bankim Chandra Singha, born 1870; Atul Chandra Singha, born 
1875. His eldest son. Satis Chandra Singha, is deceased; but has left a 
son and heir, Probodh Chandra Singha, born 1881. 

Residences. — Dum-Dum, near Calcutta; 173 Comwallis Street, Calcutta; 
Khishma, Nadiyd District, Bengal. 

GOLAK CHANDAR CHAUDHRI, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. 

Residence. — Chittagong, Bengal. 



156 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



gonda^ 




GONDAL, HIS HIGHNESS THAKUR SAHBB SIR BHAG- 
WATSINGHJI SAGEAMJI, K.C.I.B., Thdkur Saheb of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 24th October 1865 ; succeeded to the gadi 14th Decertiber 1869 
as a minor. Belongs to a Jareja Rajput (Hindu) family, tracing its origin to 

the renowned Krishna; descended from the 
Nawanagar-Rajkot family ; is a Kumbhani, being 
a descendant of Kumbhoji I., founder of the 
Gondal dynasty ; was only four years old when 
he succeeded his father, who died in 1869, 
when on a visit to Bombay. The following is 
a brief summary of the history of this ruling 
family: (i) Kumbhoji I., founder of the Gon- 
dal dynasty; 1634-49 a.d. Succeeded by his 
son (2) Sagramji I., 1649-1714 a.d. Succeeded 
by his son (3) Hdloji, 1714-53. Succeeded 
by his son (4) Kumbhoji II., 1753-90 a.d., was 
a most powerful chief; was both a warrior and 
a statesman, and aggrandised his possessions by 
conquest and statecraft. Succeeded by his 
grandson (5) Muluji, 1790-92 a.d. Succeeded 
by his son (6) Ddjibhai, 1 792-1800 a.d., was a patron of letters, and was 
especially fond of poetry. Succeeded by his uncle (7) Devdji, 1800-12 a.d., 
was a brave soldier and a wise ruler. Succeeded by his four sons one after 
another — (8) Nathuji, 1812-14 a.d.; (9) Kanuji, 1814-21 a.d.; (10) 
Chandra Sinhji, 1820-41 a.d.; (ii) Bhanabhai, 1841-51 a.d. ; (12) Sag- 
ramji II., 1851-79 A.D., was a very quiet and pious Chief. Succeeded by 
his son, the present Thakur Saheb. During his minority the State was at 
first administered direct by the British Government, but afterwards a Joint- 
Administration was introduced. He was educated at the Rajkot Rajkumar 
College and also at the Edinburgh University. His College career has been 
reported to be eminently successful ; in order to give the finishing touch to 
his education, he undertook a voyage to Europe in 1883, in the company of 
Major (now Colonel) Hancock ; returned after six months ; published an 
account of his tour under the title "Journal of a Visit to England in 1883 "; 
was associated with Major (now Colonel) Nutt in the administrative business 
of his State, and assumed sole charge on the 24th August 1884. The reply 
made by him on the occasion of his installation to the address of the Political 
Agent, Colonel West, was pronounced by Government to be highly creditable 
to him, both as regards the tone and the matter of it, showing " good feeling 
and good taste, and his description of his duties as a ruler evinces a sound . 
and clear judgment." Three years after his installation the Thdkur Saheb was 
publicly complimented by the Governor, Lord Reay, in the following words r 
" Thakur Saheb, though you have only been three years on the gadt, I believe 
you have acted up to the pledges you then gave." Nominated a Fellow of the 
Bombay University ; and a Vice-President of the Deccan Education Society 
at Poona. Having been imbued with a love of science, he again proceeded 
to Scotland in 1886, to reside for a time at the Edinburgh University ; which, 
in appreciation of his " exemplary quest of knowledge," conferred on him the 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 157 

honorary degree of LL.D. in 1887. The same year he was requested to be 
a member of the deputation from the Kathiawar Chiefs that waited on Her 
Majesty the Queen Empress at the time of the celebration of Her Most 
Gracious Majesty's Jubilee; and on that occasion was made a K.C.I.E. 
Returned to India in August 1887. Takes a keen interest in the adminis- 
trative business of the State, and is a joint-proprietor of the " Bhaunagar- 
Gondal " and " Gondal-Porbandar " railways, in which concerns he has invested 
about ;^5oo,ooo. Is taking steps to connect his capital with the main line 
of railway. Besides railways, the territory has many macadamised roads, 
schools, hospitals, municipalities, rest-houses, infirmary, post and telegraph 
offices, courts of justice, and other appliances of an improved administration. 
Owing to the excellence of his administration, the British Government was 
pleased to raise Gondal from the rank of a second-class to that of a first-class 
State in Kathiawar. In 1889 his wife — daughter of His Highness the 
Maharana of Dharampur — being taken very ill, the doctors advised her to go 
to England for a change, and His Highness was obliged to take her there for 
the benefit of her health. This is the first instance of a Rajput consort of a 
Ruling Chief ever venturing to overcome her caste prejudices. Her Highness 
was received by Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen Empress, and 
personally invested with the Imperial Order of the Crown of India. The 
Thakur Saheb has contributed numerous donations to deserving public 
institutions ; has relieved his subjects of the burden of many obnoxious 
taxes, and remitted a vast amount of debt which his people owed him. His 
subjects, in return, have voted him a statue by public subscription. 

Arms. — A belt and sword with the word "Gondal" at the top. Motto. — 
(Sanskrit) Sajyam cha Saiyam, in Devanagari character, meaning " Ready 
and True." His Highness's sons are — Kumdr Shri Bhojraj, heir- apparent, 
born 1883 ; is being educated in Edinburgh. Kumir Shri Bhupat Sinhje, born 
1888 ; is in England with his parents. 

Residence. — Gondal, Kdthiiwir, Bombay. 



1S8 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



GOPAL CHANDAR MUKHARJI, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1889. 
Residence. — Calcutta. 

GOPAL CHANDRA MUKHARJI, Rai Bahddur. 

Has rendered good service as Chairman of the Kasipur-Chitpur Muni- 
cipality, Calcutta; and received the title as a personal distinction on 25th 
May 1892. 

Residence. — Calcutta. 

GOPAL DAS, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1884. 
Residence. — Lahore, Punjab. 

GOPAL MOHAN SARKAR, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1887. 
Residence. — Calcutta. 

GOPAL RAO (of Rehli), Rao. 

The title is hereditary. Is the son of the late Rao Kishen Rao ; and 
descended from Govind Pandit, who came to Sagar with the Mahratta ruler 
from Puna, and being a relative of the latter, was made Mdmlatddr of Rehli. 

Residence. — Sdgar, Central Provinces. 



GOPAL RAO, PANDIT, Rao Bahddur. 

Born 6th August 1832. The title was conferred on 2nd January 1888, 
as a personal distinction, for eminent public services. His ancestors, during 
the Mahratta Government, held the post of Secretary to the Raja of Sagar 
for three generations ; and consequently his father and grandfather received 
political pensions from the British Government after the annexation. The 
Rao Bahadur himself rendered excellent service to Government at the risk 
of his life during the Mutiny of 1857, for which he received the grant of two 
villages in the Jalaun district for his life. His family is Dakhini Brahman. 

Residence. — Jhdnsi, North-Western Provinces. 

GOPAL RAO HARI DESHMUKH, Rao Bahddur. 
Born 1 8th February 1823. The title was conferred on i st January 1877, 
as a personal distinction, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most 
Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. Educated at Puna. Served the 
Government with the highest success and distinction from 1844 to 1879, 
when he retired after occupying the place of Joint Judge and Sessions Judge 
of Nasik, and other high positions in the Judicial Service. Invited to be 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 159 

present at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi ip 1877. Granted revival of 
political pension in 1877. Member of Bombay Legislative Council, 1880. 
Name entered in the list of First- Class Sardars of the Deccan for rank and 
precedence, 1 88 1. Appointed Prime Minister of Ratlam (^.».), 1884. Has 
been a prominent social reformer, having been put out of caste for ten 
years for his advocacy of widow remarriage, and for sending his second 
son, Krishnarao Gopal, to England for education. Is a copious author, 
acquainted with many languages, and writing under the nom-de-plume of 
Lokahitawddi. Is President of the Bombay Branch of the Theosophical 
Society, Bombay Arya Samaj, Puna Arbitration Court ; and Vice-President of 
the National Indian Association. Is descended from Vishwanath Sidhaye, a 
Deshmukh (hereditary farmer of the revenue), 1690-17 17, many of whose 
descendants held high office under the Government of the Peshwa. 
Residence. — Puna, Bombay. 

GOPAL RAO SHIVDBO (of Malegaon), Sao Bahadur. 

Born 29th June 1843. The title is hereditary, having been originally 
conferred by the Peshwa. The Rao Bahadur's mother enjoys a pension 
from the Government. 

Residence. — Ndsik, Bombay. 

GOPALA CHARIYA KRADKAR, Mahdmahopddhydya. 

The title is a personal one, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, 
in recognition of his eminence in oriental learning. It entitles him to take 
rank in Darbar immediately after titular Rajas. 

Residence. — Gwalior, Central India. 

GOPALA PADHYB GURJAR, Mahdmahopddhydya. 

The title is a personal one, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, 
in recognition of his eminence in oriental learning. It entitles him to take 
rank in Darbar immediately after titular Rajas. 

Residence.- — Ratnagiri, Bombay. 

GOPALA, P., RAO, Rao Bahddur. 

Born 1856. Member of the Berhampur Municipal Council, 1884; 
Chairman, 1887. Granted the title as a personal distinction in 1891 for his 
eminent municipal services. 

Residence. — Berhampur, Ganjam, Madras. 

GOPALJI SURBHAI DBSAI, Rao Bahddur. 
Born 24th June 1832. The title was conferred on 13th January 1882, 
as a personal distinction, for eminent public services in the Educational 
Service, which extended from 1853 to 1892. Is a son of Desai Surbhai 
Dayalji of Puni, Surat, an important Zaminddr in that district. Received the 
title of Rao Saheb in 1864; and the sanad conferring the title of Rao 



i6o THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

Bahadur in 1882 was delivered to him in full Darbar by the Political Agent 
at Bhaunagar. Has received the thanks of Government for his services (in 
conjunction with his father) in bringing about the settlement of Wattans in 
Surat ; also in connection with archaeological researches in Kathiawar, and 
with the settlement of the wording of the " Fashzamin " bonds entered into 
by the Kathiawar Chiefs. Appointed Fellow of the Bombay University, 1885 ; 
Educational Inspector, Northern Division, Bombay Presidency, 1885. Is 
President of the Kathiawar General Library, Rajkot ; a Life Member of the 
East India Association, and of the Gujarat Vernacular Society. 
Residence. — Surat, Bombay. 

GOPI MAL, Rai. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 31st May 1871. 
Residence.' — Firozpur, Punjab. 

^GOPINATH GURU, Hao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887. 
Residence. — Kilahandi, Central Provinces. 

GOVARDHAN SINGH (of Rd,mgarh), Midn. 

The title is hereditary in this branch of the -family. The head of another 
branch of the same family is Sardar Ranjit Singh (?.».), who holds the hereditary 
title of Sardar. Descended from a Rajput family, whose great ancestor was 
Raja Singar Chand, Raja of Bilaspur (Kahlur). His younger son was Kalal 
Chand, tenth in descent from whom was Surat Singh, whose four sons, with 
their retainers, aided the Raja of Nahan to conquer Suchawar, Ramgarh, and 
other territories, and received Ramgarh as their share. Sardar Khushal 
Singh was the only one of the four who left any children. He built the fort 
at Ramgarh ; and his grandson, Gopal Singh, was the grandfather of Mian 
Govardhan Singh. 

Residence. — Ambdla, Punjab. 

GOVIND LAL RAI, Rdjd. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd January 1888, in 
recognition of the Rajd's "liberality and public spirit." 
Residence. — Rangpur, Bengal. 

GOVIND RAO (of Jaisinghnagar), Rao. 

Born 1841. The title is hereditary, having been originally conferred by 
the old Mahratta Government, and subsequently recognised by the Govern- 
ment of India. The Rao, like his kinsmen, Rao Ganpat Rao (g.v!) and 
Rao Ram Chand Rao of Jaisinghnagar, is descended from ancestors who 
were connected with the former rulers of Sagar ; and to one of them, 
named Rao Ganpat Rao, the parga?id of Jaisinghnagar was made over as 
its talukdar. 

Residence. — S£gar, Central Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA i6i 

GOVIND RAO (of EeMi), Rao. 

The title is hereditary. Is a younger brother of Rao Gopal Rao of 
Rehh {q.v.) 

Residence. — Rehli, Sdgar, Central Provinces. 

GOVIND SAKARAM HOSUR, Rao Saheb. 

Granted the title, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893, for eminent 
municipal services. Is Vice-President of the Saundatti Municipality, Bombay. 
Residence. — Saundatti, Belgaum, Bombay. 

GOVINDRAO RAMCHANDRA GARUD, Rao Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1887. 
Residence. — Dhulia, Bombay. 

GUL HASAN KHAN, Khdn Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877. 
Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 

GULAB SINGH (of Meanoni), Rao Saheb. 
The title is hereditary. 
Reside7ice. — Sdgar, Central Provinces. 

GULAB SINGH (of Bina), Rao. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Sdgar, Central Provinces. 

GUNABHIRAM SARMA BARUA, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the celebration of the Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty's 
reign. 

Residence. — Nowgong, Assam. 

GUR SAHAI, LALA, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890. 
Residence. — Punjab. 

GURBAKHSH SINGH (of Kot Shera), Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Gujrdnwdia, Punjab. 

GURU PRASAD, PANDIT (of Benares) Mahdmahopddhydya. 

The title is a personal one, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, 
in recognition of his eminence in oriental learning. It entitles him to take ■ 
rank in Darbar immediately after titular Rajas. 

Residence. — Lahore, Punjab. 



i62 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



GWALIOR, His Highness the Mahdrdjd Sindhia of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1877 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 3rd July 1886. Is the 
head of the great Mahratta House of Sindhia. Full title is — " His Highness 
Mukhtar-ul-Mulk, Azim-ul-Iktidar Rafi-ush-Shdn Wdla Shikoh Muhtashaim-i- 
Daurdn, Umdat-ul-Umara, Maharaj-Adhiraj Alijdh Hisam-us-Saltanat Maharaja 
Madho Rao Sindhia Bahadur Srinath Mansur-i-Zaman, Fidwi-i-Hazrat-i- 
Malika-i-Muaz-zama-i-Rafi-ud-Darjd-i-Inglistan" (see Introduction, §11). His 
Highness, who rules over an area about equal to that of Holland, Belgium, 
and Saxony combined, and over a population more numerous than that of 
Switzerland or of Greece, is descended from the famous Ranoji Sindhia, the 
son of a Dekhani pdtel, who became a member of the household of the 
Peshwi Balaji Rao, and subsequently a successful commander of the Peshwd's 
cavalry. Ranoji Sindhia was succeeded by his second son, Mahadaji Sindhia, 
who was one of the greatest soldiers and cleverest statesmen ever produced 
by India. He greatly distinguished himself at the battle of Panipat in 1761 ; 
and, taught by that disaster, he disciplined and strongly organised his army, 
•chiefly under French officers, and in this way, though nominally still a servant 
of the Peshwa, he became in 1764 really the ruler of Hindustan. He died 
in 1794, and was succeeded by his grand-nephew, Daulat Rao Sindhia, 
whose reign of over thirty years is part of the history of India. The battles 
of Assaye, won by Sir Arthur Wellesley (afterwards Duke of WeUington) in 
1803, and of Laswari, won by General Lord Lake, in 1804, the Treaty of 
Sarji Anjangaon in 1805, and the Pindari war in 1817 are important land- 
marks in the career of Daulat Rao Sindhia. On his death he commended 
his State and his younger widow, the famous Baiza Bai, to the care of the 
British Government. Jhankuji Sindhia subsequently succeeded to the gadi 
by adoption, marrying the grand-daughter of Baiza Bai, who was at first regent 
of the State. Family dissension, however, ensued ; Baiza Bai had to leave 
Gwalior in 1833, and Jhankuji Sindhia died without issue in 1843. His 
widow adopted a young scion of the Sindhia family, who succeeded under 
the title of Jaiaji Rao Sindhia. He displayed great courage and loyalty 
during the Mutiny of 1857, when his army revolted to the mutineers, and he 
himself and his Minister, Sir Dinkar Rao, were compelled to flee to Agra. 
He was restored and brought back to Gwahor by Sir Hugh Rose on 19th 
June 1858, and received many great and well-deserved honours durmg the 
rest of his long reign. He obtained the right of adoption, numerous titles, 
extensive grants of additional territory, and an increase to his army ; and 
became successively an Honorary General in the British army, a Knight 
Grand Cross of the Bath, a Knight Grand Commander of the Star of India, 
and a Companion of the Indian Empire. The present Maharaja, Madho 
Rao Sindhia Bahadur, succeeded as a minor in 1886. The family colour, 
famous on so many battle-fields, is bhagwd, orange or brick-red, the flag of 
that colour bearing on its field the representation of a serpent holding the 
sun and moon in its coils — referring to a legend that Ranoji Sindhia, when 
an infant, was sheltered from the heat of the sun by the expanded hood of a 
cobra. The area of the State is 29,046 square miles; its population 
3,030,743, chiefly Hindus, but including more than 160,000 Muhammadans, 
12,000 Jains, and 167,000 aborigines of various tribes. The Maharaja 
Sindhia maintains a military force of 5504 cavalry, 11,040 infantry, and 48 
^uns. His Highness is entitled to a salute of 19 guns, and within the 
limits of Gwalior territory to a salute of 2 1 guns. 
Residence. — Gwalior, Central India. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 163 

GYANODA KANT EAI, Rdjd. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 6th July 1888. 
Jiesidence.—] tssore, Bengal. 

HABIB KHAN, Sarddr Bahadur. 

The title is personal. 
Residence. — Peshdwar, Punjab. 

HABIB-UR-RAHMAN, KAZI, Khan Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. 
Residence. — Burhdnpur, Central Provinces. 

HACHARAO AKBAT HARIHAR, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1889. 
Residence. — Belgaum, Bombay. 

HADI HUSAIN KHAN, SAYYID, Khan Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1878. 
Residence. — Delhi, Punjab. 

HADOL, Thdkur of. See Harol. 

HAPIZ ABDUL KARIM, SHAIKH, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1838. The title is personal, and was conferred in 1884 for services 
rendered by his ancestors, and for his own acts of public generosity. His 
father was present at the battles of Bharatpur, Kamon, and Shekhawati in the 
first Kabul campaign ; and his brother was rewarded with a khilat for his good 
services in the first and second Punjab wars. 

Residence. — Meerut, North- Western Provinces. 



HAIDAR ALI KHAN walad ALI AKBAR KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 



HAKIM KHAN, MALIK, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. 
Residence. — Shihpur, Punjab. 



i64 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



HAKK NAWAZ KHAN (of Dera Ismail KMn, Punjab), 

Khdn Bahadur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 8th May 1885. 
Residence. — Baluchistan. 

HALARI SHAMANA, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on i8th May 1885. 
Residence. — Mercara, Coorg. 

HAMID ALI, MUNSHI. See Muhammad Hamid Ali. 

HAMID HUSAIN, MAUL AVI SAYTID, Shams-ul-Ulama. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the celebration of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. It entitles 
him to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular Nawabs. 

Residence. — North- Western Provinces and Gudh. 

HAMIR SING-H (of Bayeri), Thdkur Sawai Rai. 

Born 1838. The title is hereditary, but its origin is not known. Is a 
Korkars Girassia Chief. Rendered assistance to the Magistrate of Harda 
during the Mutiny of 1857, for which he received a khilat. Has two sons — 
Thakur Umrao Singh and Thakur Sardar Singh. 

Residence. — Hoshangabad, Central Provinces. 

HAMIR SINGH (of Mohli), Thdkur. 

Born 7th August 1825. The title is hereditary, and was originally con- 
ferred by the Raja of Benares. Belongs to the same family as that of the 
Rajas of Hatisi in Damoh district, Central Provinces. This branch of the 
family obtained the jd^r of Mohli from the former Government of Sagar. 
Has two sons — Kunwar Khalak Singh and Mohan Singh. 

Residence. — S£gar, Central Provinces. 

HAMIR SINGH (of Pali), Rao. 

Born 1823. The title is hereditary. This Bundela Chief belongs to the 
family of the ex-Raja of Banpur, whose estates were confiscated after the 
Mutiny of 1857. His son and heir is Nirbhai Singh, aged thirty-one years. 

Residence.— ^s.n^^xr, Lalitpur, North- Western Provinces. 

HANUMAN SING-H (of Barwdra), Thdkur. 

Born 1 84 1. The title is hereditary, having been originally conferred on 
his ancestors by the Gond Raja of Mandla, Raja Nizam Shah. Is an 
Honorary Magistrate of Jabalpur district. 

Residence. — Jabalpur, Central Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 165 

HAP A, THAKUR WAKHATSINGHJI, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1877 ; succeeded to the gadi 4th August 1889. Belongs to a Koli 
(Hindu) family. Is at present a minor, and the State under the management 
of the Mahi Kantha Agency. The late Thakur was named Madhusinghji, 
and his widow, the Thakurani Surajbai, is living. The State contains an 
area of 79 square miles, and a population of 1546, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Hapa, Mihi Kintha, Bombay. 



HARBALLABH NARAYAN SINGH (of Sonbarsa), Maharaja. 

Born 7th June 1846. The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd 
January 1888. The Maharaja had received the title of Raja in 1875 for 
eminent services rendered during the famine of 1873-74, and had been 
granted the title of Raja Bahadur on ist January 1877, on the occasion of 
the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. 
Created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, 
2nd January 1893. The family cognisance is a flag, bearing on it the 
figure of an elephant. 

Residence. — Bhdgalpur, Bengal. 



HARBANS RAI (of Hatri), Rdjd. 

Born 7th April 1835. The title is hereditary, and is said to have been 
first conferred by a Muhammadan King, in 1494-95, on the Raja Sahal Shah 
of Bakhtiyargarh. Succeeded the late Raja on 8th May 1848. Rendered 
good service to Government during the Mutiny of 1857. Has two sons, of 
whom the elder enjoys the title of Diwan — Diwan Kishori Singh and Bhan 
Partab Singh. 

Residence. — Damoh, Central Provinces. 



HARBANS SINGH, Rdjd. 

Born 1846. The title is hereditary, the Raja being the brother and the 
adopted son of the famous Sardar Tej Singh, who was Commander-in-Chief 
of the Sikhs in the first Sikh war, subsequently appointed President of the 
Council of Regency, and on 7th August 1847 created Raja of Sialkot. 
Throughout the rebellion of 1848-49 the Raja Tej Singh remained faithful to 
the Government, and on the annexation of the Punjab the jdgirs of himself 
and his cousin, Sardar Bhagwan Singh, son of Jamadar Khushal Singh, were 
confirmed for life. Raja Tej Singh rendered excellent service by raising 
horsemen during the Mutiny of 1857, and as a reward, in 1862, two-thirds of 
\aijdgir was granted in perpetuity, and he received a sanad authorising him 
to adopt an heir. He died in December 1862, having adopted his brother, 
the Raja Harbans Singh, who now enjoys the title and estate. 

Residence. — Lahore, Punjab. 



'66 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



HARBANS SINGH (of Kandaula), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary, the Sardar belonging to the same family as those 
of the Sardars Tara Singh of Manauli, Uttam Singh of Ghanauli, and other 
Sardars of the Ambala division. The founder of the family was Sardar 
Khushal Singh, who achieved conquests in the Manjha, and took possession 
of the town of Jalandhar. In 1756 a.d. he had large Cis-Sutlej possessions ; 
they were subsequently wrested from the family by the Maharaja Ranjit 
Singh of Lahore, but ultimately came under British control with the other 
Cis-Sutlej territories. Sardar Dayal Singh, the grandson of Sardar Khushal 
Singh, succeeded to the Kandaula estates, and his grandson is the present 
Sardar. For services during the Mutiny of 1857 the Sardars of this loyal 
family received large remissions from the Government. 

Residence. — Kandaula, Ambdla, Punjab. 

HARDBRAM ANUPRAM MUNSHI, Rao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on i8th December 1888. 
Residence. — Bombay. 

HARDHIAN SINGH, Rai Bahddur. 
Granted the tide, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893. Is an 
Honorary Magistrate of Delhi. 

Residence. — Delhi, North-Western Provinces. 

HARDIT SINGH (of Daydlgarh), Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Ambdla, Punjab. 

HARDIT SINGH, ROZA, Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary ; and Sardar Hardit Singh succeeded his father, 
the brave and loyal Sardar Kdhan Singh, in June 1864. Sardar Kahan 
Sineh was the grandson of Tek Singh, who was in the service of the Bhangi 
Sardirs of Lahore, and received from them the grant of the village Nodhpur. 
Kihan Singh entered the service of the Mahirajd Ranjit Singh in 1822 ; 
and on the recommendation of General Ventura, was appointed Com- 
mandant in the Life Guards, served with his regiment in Kulu Mandi, and 
elsewhere, and being severely wounded in the attack on Raja Suchet Singh, 
was promoted to be Colonel, with large emoluments. He fought on the 
sfkh side in the battles of Sobraon and Firuzshahr. After the annexation 
Colonel Kihan Singh lost his jdgirs, but was granted a pension by the 
British Government. When the Mutiny broke out in 1857 he was one o 
the first Chiefs selected for service by Sir John Lawrence and, starting a 
once for Delhi with fifty-three of his retainers, he served with the Guides tiU 
the fall of the city, being again severely wounded in one of the rebel sallies. 
For these services he received substantial rewards from the Government, in- 
cluding the regrant of some of his old Sikh/i^w. 

Residence.— \.^o^^, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 167 



HARENDRA KISHOR SINGH, Mahdrdjd Sir, K.CJ.E. See Bettiah. 

HARI APPAJI, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd January 1888. 
Residence. — Baroda. 

HARI CHAND (of Lahaul), Thdkur. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Lahaul, Kdngra, Punjab. 

HARI CHAND (of Bhabaur), Rai. 

The title is hereditary. The Rai belongs to the same family as that of 
the Rajas of K^ngra, Jaswan, Goler, Siba, Datarpur, etc. ; being descended 
from Raja Pirthi Chand, son of Raja Beni Chand. The Rai Karm Chand, 
in the time of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh, held a \zxgs. jdgir in this district ; 
and his grandson, Rai Ratan Chand, died 24th October 1884, and was suc- 
ceeded by his son, the present Rai. 

Residence. — Bhabaur, Hoshidrpur, Punjab. 

HARI CHAND YAJOJI, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877. 
Residence. — Bombay. 

HARI CHARAN SARMA, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 3rd October 1872. 
Residence. — Cachar, Assam. 

HARI MOHAN THAKUR, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 6th July 1888. 
Residence. — Bhdgalpur, Bengal. 

HARI NARAYAN KALE, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877. 
Residence. — Ratnagiri, Bombay. 

HARI RAJ SINGH (of Kashipur), Rdjd. 
Born 1857. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a family connected 
with that of the Chand Rajas of Kumaun, being descended from Pahar 
Singh, a younger son of Raja Baz Bahadur Singh, Raja of Kumaun from 
1638 to 1678. In the time of Raja Dip Chand of Kumaun (1748-77), 
Mohan Singh, grandson of Pahar Singh, became Bakshi or head of the 
army. He eventually seized and imprisoned Rdjd Dip Chand, and, on the 
death of the latter in prison in 1777, proclaimed himself Raja under the 



i68 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



title of Mohan Chand. He himself was killed in 1788 by Harak Deb 

Toshi, who again was driven out by Lai Singh, brother of Mohan Singh, 

with the aid of Faiz-uUah Khan of Rdmpur. Mahendra Singh, son of 

Mohan Singh, was installed as Raja by Lai Singh, who claimed for him the 

protection of the Nawab of Oudh, as recognised owner of the Tarai. In 

1790, however, the Gurkhalis from Kathmandu invaded Kumaun and 

defeated the forces of Mahendra Singh, who fled with his uncle, Lai Singh, 

to Kota, and fixed upon Kilpuri as his headquarters, where he endeavoured 

to enlist troops for an attack upon Kumaun. Hearing this, the Gurkhali 

general, Amar Singh Thapa, marched on Kilpuri and thus deprived the 

Kumaunis of their only rallying-point. Mahendra Singh and his partisans, 

deprived of every acre that they could lay claim to, fled to the Oudh 

Subahddr, and representing that the tract from which the Gurkhali had 

ousted them formed a part of the Tardi, which of right belonged to the 

Nawab, requested his aid in recovering it from the Gurkhalis. A war with 

Nepal would probably have resulted had not the good offices of Mr. Cherry 

promoted an understanding, by which the Gurkhalis agreed to yield up all 

pretensions to the low country. At the same time provision was made for 

the retention by the exiled family of some doubtful tenure of a portion of 

the Tarai for their subsistence. Mahendra Singh retired first to Rudrapur 

and then to Kilpuri ; but, owing to bad management, this Pargana was 

reduced to a swamp, and was rendered so unhealthy that on the petition of 

the representatives of the family to the British Government, it was exchanged 

for the confirmation of possession in taluqa Chachait in the Pilibhit district. 

Kunwar Partab Singh, son of Mahendra Singh, sued his uncle, Lai Singh, 

for a share in Chachait, but his claim was dismissed. He then petitioned 

the Government, who gave him Rs.250 per mensem in 1B20. Partab 

Singh's claim to Bazpur was also negatived. Lai Singh had held possession 

as head of the family and retained it. Guman Singh, son of Raja Lai 

Singh, received a sanad from the British Government in 1828, as Raja. His 

son, Raja Shiuraj Singh, C.S.I., rendered good service during the Mutiny of 

1857 ; and was rewarded with the Order of the Star of India, and with an 

increased grant. He died in October 1886 ; and was succeeded by his son, 

the present Raja, who married a daughter of Kupendra Bikram Singh of 

Nepal, and has a son named Kunwar Udai Raj Singh. The Raja is an 

Honorary Magistrate. 

Residence.— K.3.i)\\pm, Tardi, North-Western Provinces. 



HART RAOJI CHIPLUNKAR, Rao Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd January 188B. 
Residence. — Poena, Bombay. 

HARI SINGH (of Nadaun), Mian. 

The title is hereditary. The Mian is a brother of Raja Amar Chand of 
Nadaun, and a younger son of the Raja Sir Jodhbir Singh, brother-in-law of 
the Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore, who died in 1873. The Mian is an 
Extra Assistant Commissioner of the Punjab. 

Residence. — Nadaun, K^ngra, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 169 



HARI SINGH, Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. Is one of the Sikh Sardars of the Ludhiana 
district, Punjab. 

Residence. — Ludhidna, Punjab. 

HARI SINGH (of Pindit Lala), Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. The Sardar is one of the Sardars of the Gujrat 
district, Punjab. 

Residence, — Gujrdt, Punjab. 

HARI SINGH (of Akalgarh), Biwdn. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Gujrdnwila, Punjab. 

HARI SINGH, SARDAR, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Siilkot, Punjab. 



HARIHAR DATT DUBE (of Badlapur), Rdjd. 

Born 1856. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a family of Dube 
Brahmans, who came originally from Amauli in the Fatehpur district, where 
their ancestor, Sheo Lai, was an eminent banker. In 1788 Sheo Lai Dube 
was appointed farmer of the revenues of Jaunpur by Mr. Jonathan Duncan, 
the Resident at Benares ; and obtained the title of Raja for killing a noted 
rebel named Saltanat Singh. The sanad conferring the tdluka of Badlapur 
on Raja Sheo Lai Dube, dated November 1797, is in existence, and was 
signed by Sir John Shore, then Governor-General. The present Raja is a 
great-grandson of Raja Sheo Lai Dube, and is an Honorary Magistrate. 

Residence. — Jaunpur, North-Western Provinces. 



HARIHAR SHASTRI DRAVIDA, Mahdmahopddhydya. 

The title is a personal one, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, 
in recognition of his eminence in oriental learning. It entitles him to take 
rank in Darbar immediately after titular Rajas. 

Reside?ice. — Indore, Central India. 

HARILAL AMBASHANKAR, Rao Sakeb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1879. 
Residence. — Sural, Bombay. 



170 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



HARINDAR SINGH (of Kandaula), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary ; the Sardar belongs to the same family as those 
of the Sardars Tdrd Singh of Manauli, Uttam Singh of Ghanauli, and 
other Sardars of the Ambala division. For an account of the Kandaula 
branch of this family, see Harbans Singh (of Kandaula), Sardar. The 
Sardar is a grandson of Sardar Dayal Singh of Kandaula. 

Residence. — Kandaula, Ambdla, Punjab. 

HARISH CHANDRA MITTRA, Rat Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

HARNAM SINGH, AHLUWALIA, Kunwdr, CLE. 

Born 19th January 185 1. Is a son of His late Highness the Raja Sir 
Randhir Singh, G.C.S.I., of Kapurthala, and only brother of the late Raja 
Kharak Singh of Kapurthala, and uncle of the present Raja of Kapurthala 
{q.v) Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire on ist January 1885. 

Residence. — Kapurthala, Punjab. 

HARNAM SINGH (of Kharar), Sarddr. 

Born 1857. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Khatri family, whose 
ancestor, Sardar Dayal Singh, took possession of considerable territory in the 
Hoshiarpur, Firozpur, and Ambala districts. His sons were deprived of 
much of their land by the Maharaja Ranjit Singh; but the eldest, named 
Sardar Dharm Singh, secured some lands in Kharar, Ambala district. His 
grandson, Sardar Ganda Singh, rendered excellent services during the Mutmy 
of 1857, and received a kUlat from the Government in acknowledgment 
thereof. ' He died at Patiala about the year 1876; and was succeeded by 
his son, the present Sardar. 

Residence. — Ambila, Punjab. 

HARNAM SINGH (of Lidhran), Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Ludhidna, Punjab. 

HARNAM SINGH (of Moron), Sarddr. 

Born 1861. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Jat family, that came 
orieinallv from Varpal, in the Amritsar district. About i7S9 Sardar balig 
sS obtS possesion of territory around Moron. The faimly fell under 
the power of the Mahirija Sher Singh; but when the Jalandhar doab was 
ceded to the British after the first Sikh war, a considerableyi^^ was con- 
firmed to the head of the family in perpetuity, and is now enjoyed by Sardar 
Harnam Singh. 

Residence.— l&S3XvA\a.x, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 171 



HARNARAYAN SINGH (of Hdthras), Rdjd. 

Born 9th December 1864. The title is personal, and was conferred on 
I St January 1877, as a continuation of the title of the Raja's adoptive father, 
Raja Gobind Singh of Hathras. Belongs to a Jat family, whose founder, 
named Makhan, came from Rajputana about the year 1600, and settled in the 
neighbourhood of Mursan. His great-grandson, Thakur Nand Ram, died 
in T696, leaving fourteen sons, of whom one was Zulkaran Singh, ancestor 
of Raja Ghansham Singh of Mursan (^.w.), and the other was Jai Singh. 
The great-grandson of the latter, Thakur Daya Ram, established himself as 
an independent Chief in his fortress of Hathras, at that time one of the 
strongest in the country. The fortress was, however, captured by General 
Marshall in 181 7, and the Thakur's estates confiscated. The latter, on his 
death in 1841, was succeeded by his son, Thakur Gobind Singh. He 
distinguished himself by most valuable services during the Mutiny of 1 85 7 ; 
and was rewarded in 1858, by Lord Canning on behalf of Her Majesty, with 
the title of Raja and extensive grants of land. Raja Gobind Singh was 
succeeded by his adopted son, the present Raja ; who is an Honorary 
Magistrate. 

Residence. — Aligarh, North- Western Provinces. 



HAENATH CHAUDHRI (of Dubalhdti), Rdjd Bahadur. 

Born 1833. Is the son of the late Anandanath Rai, of Dubalhati in the 
district of Rajshahi, Bengal ; who was descended through a long line of 
ancestors from Kasiram Rai. The title of Raja Bahadur was conferred as a 
personal distinction on the ist January 1877, on the occasion of the 
Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. The Raja 
Bahadur had received the title of Raja on the 12th of March 1875, "^ recog- 
nition of his eminent services during the famine of 1873-74. 

Residence. — Rijshdhi, Bengal. 

HAEO SUNDARI DBBIA (of Siarsol), Mahdrdni. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. The Maharani had already received the title of Rani on 12th March 
1875, for her eminent services during the famine of 1873-74. Belongs to a 
family descended from Govinda Prasad Pandit. 

Residence. — Bardwan, Bengal. 



HAROL, THAKUR JAWANSINGHJI, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief 

Born 1883 ; succeeded to the gadi 22nd March 1888. Belongs to a 
Thakerda (Hindu) family. The State contains a population of nearly 3000, 
chiefly Hindus. Its name is also spelt Hadol. 

Residence. — Harol, Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay. 



172 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



HARSA SINGH (of Mughalohak), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary. Belongs to an ancient Sikh family, famous for 
the conspicuous bravery of its members. Sardar Anup Singh, of Probyn's 
Horse, was one of the most distinguished officers in the army throughout the 
Mutiny campaigns of 1857, 1858, and 1859. He was present at the fall of 
Delhi, at the capture of Lucknow, and on many other great occasions ; was 
four times wounded, and had three horses wounded under him. He also 
fought with great distinction in the China campaign in i860, and subse- 
quently in the disturbances on the north-west frontier. He twice received 
the Order of Valour for bravery in the field. In 1876 he accompanied His 
Royal Highness the Prince of Wales to England, and was honoured with the 
marked approval of Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen Empress and 
the Royal Family. He died in 1885, amid universal expressions of regret, 
and was succeeded by the present Sardar. 

Residence. — Mughal Chak, Gujrdnwdla, Punjab. 




HASAN ALI BEY BFFENDI, 

Khdn Bahddur. 

Is a leading member of the Karachi Bar, 
and was in 1886 appointed Consul for Turkey 
by His Imperial Majesty the Sultan. Presi- 
dent of the Sind Branch of the Central National 
Muhammadan Association, 1884; also Presi- 
dent of the Karachi Madrasa Board, managing 
the Karachi Muhammadan College, which has 
an endowment fund of about six lakhs of 
rupees. 

Residence. — Karachi, Bombay. 



HASAN ALI walad MUHAMMAD KHAN, Mir. 
The title is hereditary, the Mir being a representative of one of the 
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Sind. 

HASAN ALI walad MUHAMMAD AISAN, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. 
Residence. — Karachi, Sind. 



HASAN ALI KHAN, C.I.B., Nawdb. 
The title is hereditary. The Nawdb was created a Companion of the 
Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire sth February 1881. 
Residence. — Baluchistan. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA I73 



HASAN ALI KHAN, MIR, His Highness. 

The title is personal. His Highness is the representative of one of the 
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 

HATI SINGH (of Chandgarh), Rao. 

Born 5th September 1844. The title is hereditary, and is said to have 
been originally conferred by Gori Shah Padishah. The family is descended 
from Prithi Singh, who was eleventh in descent from the famous Bhoj Raj. 

Residence. — Nim^r, Central Provinces. 



174 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



HATWA, MAHARAJA SIR KRISHNA PARTAB SAHI 
BAHADUR, K.C.I.E., Mahdrdjd Bahddur of. 

Born October 1857. Belongs to a Baghochhia Brahman family, that 
claims to have been settled as Rajas in the district of Saran for 102 generations. 
The patronymic of the earlier Rajas was " Sen," this in the sixteenth descent 
was changed to "Singh," in the eighty-third to "Mai," and in the eighty-seventh 
to "Sahi." The traditions of the family state that the title of Maharaja was con- 
ferred on the eighty-sixth in this line, the Maharaja Kalyan Mai, and that of Maha- 
raja Bahadur on the eighty-seventh, the Maharaja Isham Karan Sahi Bahadur, 
both by the Emperor of Delhi. In the time of Akbar it is said that the 
Maharaja Jubraj Sahi Bahadur obtained possession of Pargand Sipa by killing 
the Muhammadan Chief Kabul Muhammad, probably one of those Muham-' 
madan Chiefs who had rebelled against the Imperial authority in Southern 
Behar. Four generations later the Maharaja Sardar Sahi invaded the Majauli 
Raj, and destroyed their garh or fort, and imposed as terms of peace on the 
Chief of Majauli the condition that he and his descendants were not to dis- 
play their nishans and dunkas (flags and drums) till these should be re- 
taken from the Hasipur (or Hatwa) Rajas. The eldest son of the Maharaja 
Sardar Sahi died before his father ; he was succeeded by the second son, the 
Maharaja Fateh Sahi Bahadur, who was a rebel against the British Govern- 
ment in 1767, in the time of Warren Hastings, and ultimately fled to the 
Gorakhpur jungles. His cousin, Babu Bassant Sahi, displayed his loyalty 
by assisting the Government with his retainers, and doing all in his power 
to arrest Fateh Sahi. But in 1775 he was surprised by the rebel and killed, 
and his widow ascended the funeral pyre, and was burnt with her husband's 
head on her lap. Bassant Sahi's son, Babu Mahes Datt Sahi, followed in his 
father's footsteps, and the Government was about to proclaim him the rightful 
successor of the rebel Fateh Sahi when he died, leaving a son, Babu — after- 
wards Maharaja — Chhatardhari Sahi. In 1790, when the Decennial Settle- 
ment was in contemplation. Lord Cornwallis, after inquiring into all the 
facts and the usages of the family, granted to the latter the estates of Fateh 
Sahi; and in 1837 the title of Maharaja Bahadur was conferred upon him. 
This title was renewed in October 1858 in favour of the Maharaja Rajendar 
Partab Sahi, and by the sanad of 31st August 1874 in favour of the present 
Maharaja Bahadur. At the time of the Santal insurrection, and again during 
the Mutiny of 1857, the Maharaja Chhatardhari Sahi Bahadur rendered most 
valuable services to the Government, and was rewarded at the close of the 
Mutiny with the grant of a portion of the confiscated estates of the rebel 
Kunwar Singh. He was succeeded by his great-grandson, the late Maharaja 
Rajendra Partab Sahi Bahadur, who died in 187 1, leaving a minor son, the 
present Maharaja. The latter attained his majority and was installed on the 
o-adi on 31st August 1874. He received a medal of distinction at the 
Imperial Assemblage at Delhi in 1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation 
of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India, and in 1889 he was 
created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire. The family cognisance consists of a shield between two swords, 
with tigers as supporters, and underneath is the motto — " «(««m^»rx:^^" 
Residence. — Hatwd, Sdran, Bengal. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 175 



HAZURA SINGH, SUBAHDAR, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 25th March 1880. 
Residence. — Rewa, Central India. 

HIMMAT SINGH (of Katra Balkheda), Thdkur. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Katra Balkheda, Jabalpur, Central Provinces. 

HINDOL, RAJA JANARDAN MARDRAJ JAGDBB, Rdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 185s ; succeeded to \kit. gadi 18th July 1877. The title of Raja 
has always been enjoyed by the head of this family since Mahratta times, and 
was formally recognised by Government in 1874. The State was founded 
by two brothers named Lakshman Mahratta and Bharat Mahratta, scions of 
the family of the Khemdi Rdja in Ganjam. The present Raji, who suc- 
ceeded his brother, Raji Fakir Singh Mardraj Jagdeb, is stated to be twenty- 
fifth in succession from them. His father was Raja Ishwar Singh Mardraj 
Jagdeb. The family cognisance is a dagger. The area of the State is 312 
miles ; its population 33,802, chiefly Hindus. The Raja maintains a mili- 
tary force of 148 infantry and 2 guns. The State is one of the Orissa 
Tributary Mahals. 

Residence. — Hindol, Orissa, Bengal. 

HINDUPAT (of Bharrai), Rao Saheb. 

Born 1836. The title is hereditary, and was originally conferred on Rati 
Rao, the founder of the family, by the old Mahratta Government of Deori. 
Has two sons — Diwan Malkhan Singh and Diwan Gajraj Singh. 

Residence. — Sdgar, Central Provinces. 

HINDUPAT (of Ghat Piparia), Thdkur. 
The title is hereditary. The present Thakur is the son of the late 
Thakur Orjuri Singh. The family is descended from ancestors who obtained 
the village of Ghat Piparia, with the title of Thakur, from the old Mahratta 
Government of Sagar. 

Residence. — Ghat Piparia, Sdgar, Central Provinces. 

HINDUR (NALAGARH), RAJA ISRI SINGH, Rdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1832 ; succeeded to the gadt i6th December 1876. Belongs to a 
Rajput (Hindu) family, whose founder was named Aji Singh, and the present 
Raja is twenty-fifth in succession from him. The State was overrun by the 
Gurkhas, but they were expelled by the British forces in 1815-16, and in 
that year the Raja received a sanad confirming him in the possession of all 



176 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

his territory except the fort of Malaun, for which the Thdkuri of Barauli was 
substituted. Subsequently, in 1846, the fort was restored to him. The area 
of the State is 249 square miles; its population is 53,373, chiefly Hindus, 
but including 7201 Muhammadans. The Raja maintains a military force of 
375 infantry and 4 guns. 

Residence. — Hindur, Punjab. 

HIRA, EAWAT (of Dewair), Thdkur Rdwat. 

The title was conferred on ist January 1877 as a personal distinction, on 
the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress 
of India. 

Residence. — Merwara. 

HIRA SING-H, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty, for 
eminent ofificial services in the Survey. 

Residence. — Survey of India. 

HIRA SING-H, MAN (of Manawala), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Man Jat family, descended from 
Sardar Sarja Singh, whose grandson, Colonel Budh Singh, Mdn, served 
throughout the Sutlej Campaign, and after its close was sent with the Sher 
Singh brigade to assist the Mahdrdja Guldb Singh to subdue the rebellion in 
Kashmir. The Colonel rendered excellent service in this campaign ; and 
also throughout the Multan rebellion (or second Sikh war), in which he was 
severely wounded when fighting gallantly under Major Nicholson against the 
rebels in the Margalla Pass. On the annexation he was rewarded with 
extensive lands. On his death he was succeeded by his son, the present 
Sardar. 

Residence. — Amritsar, Punjab. 

HIRA SINGH, SARDAR (of Jamdan), Rdjd. 

Born 5th May 1839. The title of Raja was conferred on 7th December 
1888 as a personal distinction, to mark the appreciation of the Government 
of the Sardar's exertions for the improvement of agriculture in Oudh. Is the 
son of Sardar Bahadur Jai Singh, of the Gondon Khatri Sikh family of 
Jamdan, who was an officer in the army of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh of 
Lahore; was subsequently appointed by Lord Lawrence to the ist Sikhs. 
For his gallant conduct and loyalty during the Mutiny of 1857 he was made 
a Sardar Bahadur; and in 1858 was rewarded with a large grant of lands. 
He died in November 1865, and was succeeded by his son, the present 
Raja, who was himself a distinguished officer in Fane's Horse, and served 
through the Mutiny campaigns and in the China war. Since his retirement 
from the army he has lived for many years on his estates in Oudh, devoting 
himself to their improvement. 

Residence. — Bahraich, Oudh. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 177 



HIRAPUE, RAO CHHATAR SINGH, Rao of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1821 ; succeeded to the gadi ist May 1841. Belongs to a Rdjput 
(Hindu) family. The population of the State is 963, chiefly Hindus. 
Residence. — Hirapur, Bhopil, Central India. 



HITTU RAM, C.I.B., Rai Bahddur. 

Born 1842. Has long been a distinguished political officer on the 
frontier of Baluchistan and Afghanistan, having entered the service in 1859, 
when he received a reward for preparing a " History of Dera Ghazi Khan 
District and Frontier." Appointed to special duty for Kalat in 1875 j 
accompanied Sir Robert Sandeman on two missions to Kaldt, and received 
a khilat in 1877 for his services thereon, also the title of Rai. Appointed 
Extra Assistant Commissioner of the Punjab in 1879; and in same year 
received a khilat at the Kalat Darbar, and was placed in charge of Sibi 
district. Received the title of Rai Bahidur as a personal distinction, 20th 
April 1 88 1, having served in the Political Department throughout the Afghan 
war of 1880-81, with medal. In the same year he received a jdgir, and in 
1882 was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire. Was in charge of arrangements for supplies, etc., for the Afghan 
Boundary Commission, 1884, across the Baluch Desert; and received thanks 
of Government for the same. Was on special duty in the Bolan Pass, in the 
military preparations for the expected outbreak of hostiHties between England 
and Russia, March 1884 to November 1885. Deputed to hold charge of 
Las Bela State on the death of the Jam in 1889, pending installation of 
successor; and was on special duty with Sir R. Sandeman in 1889-91, and 
specially commended. 

Residence. — Sibi, Baluchistan. 



HLAING, MAUNG (Shwedabo of Baw), Thuye-gaung Ngweda 

ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. It means 
" Recipient of the Silver Sword for Bravery," and is indicated by the letters 
T.D.M. after the name. 

Residence. — Shan State of Baw, Burma. 



HLB, MAUNG, AhmiUan gaung Tazeik-ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1889. It means 
"Recipient of the Medal of Honour for Good Service," and is indicated by 
the letters A.T.M. after the name. 

Residence. — Maulmein, Burma. 



178 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



HME, MAUNG, Kyet Thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty's reign. It means 
" Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour," and is indicated by the letters 
K.S.M. after the name. 

Residence. — Prome, Burma. 

HOLKAR, His Highness the Mahdrdjd Bahadur {of Indore). See Indore. 

HOPON, KUN WARA, Myoza of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

The area of the State, which is one of the Shan States on the frontier of 
Burma, is about 400 square miles. 
Residence. — Hopon, Burma. 

HORMASJI ADARJI PATEL, Khan Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. 
Residence. — Surat, Bombay. 

HOSHANGJI JAMASPJI, DASTUR, Khdn Bahddur, Shams-ul-Ulama. 

These titles are personal; the first was conferred on ist January 1878, 
and the second on ist January 1890. The title of Shams-ul-Ulama entitles 
the Khdn Bahd,dur — who is also a "Dastur" or High Priest of the Parsis of 
the Deccan — to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular Nawibs. The 
Dastur Jamaspassa family are descended from Assaji. The last Dastur 
of that family, the Dastur Nasarwanji Jamaspji, Khan Bahadur, rendered 
valuable services to Government during the time of the Mutiny ; and 
received the tide of Khan Bahadur as a reward for them in 1868. The 
title of Shams-ul-Ulama was conferred on Dastur Hoshangji Jamaspji in 
recognition of his eminence in oriental learning. 

Residence. — Poona, Bombay. 

HUSAIN walad SHAIKH MADAR, SHAIKH, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. 
Residence. — Belgaum, Bombay. 

HUSAIN BAKHSH walad GHULAM HAIDAR KHAN, Mir. 
The title is hereditary, the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Sind. 

HUSSAN. See Hasan. 

HUTWA, Mahdrdjd Bahddur of See Hatwa. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



179 




HYDERABAD (or, The Deccan), His Highness the Nizam of, G. C.S.I. 
A Ruling Chief, and the Premier Prince of the Indian Empire. 

Born 1 8th August 1866; succeeded to the masnad as a minor, on the 
death of his father, His late Highness the Nizim Afzul-ud-daula, 26th 
February i86g. 

The Nizam's fuU titles are — His 
Highness Asaf Jah, Muzaffar-ul- 
Mamalik, Rustam-i-Dauran, Arastu-i- 
Zaman, Nizam-ul-Mulk, Nizam-ud- 
daula, Nawab Mir Sir Mahbub Ali 
Khan Bahadur, Fath Jang, Knight 
Grand Commander of the Most 
Exalted Order of the Star of India. 
Belongs to a family of the highest 
antiquity and importance among 
Muhammadan rulers, being lineally 
descended from the first Khalif, 
Abu Bakr, the successor of the 
Prophet. His descendant, after a 
long line of intervening generations, 
was the Turkoman Chief named 
Ghazi-ud-din, one of the greatest of the Generals of the Emperor Aurangzeb, 
who was the hero of the capture of Bijapur in 1686 a.d. ; he was 
largely concerned in the overthrow both of that kingdom and of the 
Golkonda dynasty, and in the establishment of the Mughal power in 
the Deccan, which then became a subah (or province) of the Mughal 
Empire of Delhi. His son and successor was Chin Kulij Khan,^ 
better known as the great Asaf Jah, the real founder of the Hyderabad 
dynasty. He was born in 1644; and in 17 13 was appointed Subahddr or 
Viceroy of the Deccan by the Emperor Farukh Siyar, with the title of Nizam- 
ul-Mulk (Administrator of the Country), which has ever since been retained 
by his descendants. He reigned till 1748, attaining the great age of 104; 
and throughout this lengthened career, with occasional vicissitudes of fortune, 

1 Kulij or 2«^y^sometimes spelt Chillich — is the Turki word for sword ; and Kulij 
Khin, as a title, bears the same meaning as the Persian Shamsher KMn. On the title of 
Asaf Jah, subsequently borne by the Nawab Chin KuUj Khan and his descendants, the 
learned Professor Blochmann gives this note : " Asaf was the name of the Vazir of Solomon, 
who like his master is proverbial in the East for wisdom. During the reign of Akbar three 
grandees received this title. Badaoni, to avoid confusion, numbers them Asaf Khan I., II., 
and III. . . . Jahangir conferred the title of Asaf Khan (IV.) on Abul Hasan, elder brother 
of the Empress Nur Jahan, and father of the Empress Mumtaz Mahal (or Taj Bibi, Shah- 
jahan's wife), whose mother was a daughter of Asaf Khan II. During the reign of Shahjahan, 
when titles containing the word Dauld were revived, Asaf Khan was changed to Asafud- 
daula; and this title was conferred on Asaf-ud-daula Jumlat-ul-Mulk Asad Jang, a relation 
of Asaf Khan IV. Under Ahmad Shah, lastly, we find Asaf-ud-daula Amir-ul-Mamalik, 
whose name, like that of his father, Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah, occurs so often in later Indian 
history." 

As the ancient titles of the Mughal Empire are retained among the nobles of the Deccan, 
and are still conferred by His Highness the Nizam, it may here be noted that in ascending 
order they contain the words Jang, Dauld, Mulk, and Umara or Jah. Titles containing 
the words Jah or Umara may be compared with EngUsh Dukes or Marquesses ; those con- 
taining Mulk with English Earls; those containing DaulA with Viscounts; and those 
contamingyo»^ with Barons. 



l8o THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

he continually increased his power during the days of the declining vigour of 
the Mughal Empire. 

The dynasty, thus established as the greatest native Power in the Indian 
Peninsula, has been almost uniformly closely attached to the British Power in 
India, and has consequently obtained from English writers the style of " Our 
faithfully ally the Nizim." At all the most critical periods in the history of 
the Indian Empire — in the Mysore wars, in the Mahratta wars, during the 
Mutiny of 1857, and recently when Russian invasion seemed probable — the 
Nizam of the day has always rendered invaluable help. 

Of Asaf Jah, the founder of the dynasty, an English writer thus 
speaks : — 

" Content, however, with actual sovereignty, he never assumed its title and 
insignia. The family, indeed, to the last professed subordination to the Court of 
Delhi, and the Nizam's successors continued to be formally confirmed by mandates 
from the Mogul Emperors. The immunity enjoyed by Nizam-ool-Moolk, in a 
practical surrender of the Deccan to his rule, appears to have been merely due 
to his essential importance as the only available check to the growing power and 
harassing incursions of the Mahrattas — a constant source of disturbance and 
alarm to his titular master. The evening of his eventful life, whose span is said 
to have exceeded a century, was spent by the first Nizam with singular retention 
of extraordinary physical and mental faculties, in his so strangely gained prin- 
cipality, when death closed in 1748 a career remarkable and prominent in a 
stirring and productive time. Impartial estimates of his character can hardly be- 
grudge his descendants a pride in the founder of their name and renown, for his 
politic compass and tenacious hold of independent power were unstained by 
treachery or cruelty, and the later annals of the family are similarly clear of the 
grosser incidents of conquests. He left them, too, an example of equanimity 
undaunted in adversity and superior to elation by success." 1 

After the death of the aged Nizam-ul-Mulk the throne of the Deccan 
was long and fiercely contended for, with varying fortunes, by his grandson 
Muzaffar Jang, and his sons (uncles of Muzaffar Jang), known as Ghazi-ud-din, 
Nasir Jang, Salabat Jang, and Nizim Ali. Involved in these wars were also 
the English and French forces in the Carnatic, and the armies of the Mahrattas 
and of the Nawabs of Arcot. It was the Nizdm Saldbat Jang who finally 
adopted the city of Hyderabad, on the river Musi, as his capital ; its ancient 
name was Bhagnagar, and it had been founded in 1585 by Muhammad Kutb 
Shah, King of Golkonda. In 1761 Saldbat Jang was dethroned by his 
brother Nizam Ali, who put him to death in 1763, and reigned till 1803 — 
playing a prominent part during the whole of that period in the incessant 
wars with the English, the Mahrattas, and the Sultins of Mysore, Haidar and 
Tippu. The first treaty between the British Power and the Nizam was con- 
cluded in 1766, followed by great and permanent treaties in 1798 and 1800. 
In accordance with these engagements, after the defeats of the Mahrattas at 
Laswdri and Assaye, the Nizam received large accessions of territory, including 
the great and rich province of Berar ; and similarly after the conquest of 
Tippu the NizAm shared in the division of territory. Nizdm Ali died in 
1803, and was succeeded by his son, the Nizam Sikandar Jah, who was 
served in turn by three famous Prime Ministers, Mir Alam, Munir-ul-Mulk, 

1 Quoted in the learned and voluminous History of Hyderabad Affairs, compiled for 
private circulation in 1883 by the Maulavi Sayyid Mehdi Ali, Nawab Mohsin-uI-Mulk, 
Secretary to the Government of His Highness the Nizam. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



and the Raja Chandu Ldl. In 1829 Sikandar Jah was succeeded by his 
son, the Nizam Nasir-ud-daula, who reigned till 1857. He had no great 
liking for affairs of State, which he left largely to the care of his Prime 
Minister, the Nawdb Suraj-ul-Mulk, who died in 1853, when the Nizam 
appointed his nephew, the well-known Sir Salir Jang, to succeed him in the 
office of Minister. Nasir-ud-daula is described as having " a gracious dis- 
position to private charity, and with much bountiful kindness to his de- 
pendants." He died in May 1857, just before the outbreak of the Mutiny, 
and was succeeded by His late Highness the Nizam Afzul-ud-daula, father of 
the present Nizam. 

The loyalty of the late Nizam and his troops during the crisis of 1857 
has been well commemorated by an English writer in the following 
words : — 

"When, on the 17th of July in that memorable year, after a frantic pro- 
mulgation oi Jihdd or Holy War on the part of the indigenous Muhammadans of 
both Southern and Northern India, the Rohillas attacked the Residency, and 
were repulsed by troops under the command of the late Colonel Briggs, had the 
Nizam, untried as he then was, aided the movement, or even openly avowed 
sympathy with the mutineers, there can be no doubt that any success at Hydera- 
bad would have proved a signal for revolt to the bigoted and fanatic Muhammadan 
population, not only there, but in all Central, Western, and Southern India, 
and that our terrible straits elsewhere would have been multiplied and sorely 
aggravated. For we had at the time but one European corps at Secunderabad, 
the military station, and camped at Trimulgherry, about two miles from the 
central arsenal, which must have been left in the charge of native soldiers if 
attacked from the capital. . . . But the Nizam was firm in his alliance, attracting 
to our side all that was respectable in his Court and capital. The traditions of 
the family also, and old memories of rescue from the Mahrattas, were with us, 
and not inefficacious in our hour of need. 

"And now for the behaviour of the Hyderabad contingent. In this force, 
recollect, are thousands of the same caste as those whose relatives elsewhere were 
murdering their officers, or marching towards the Mogul standard at Delhi. 
From these came emissaries, not only to their brethren of the contingent, with 
letters and personal entreaties to join, but to the Court itself. The greater 
portion of the contingent was presently ordered into the field, and a brigade of 
all arms was pushed into Central India, where they fought, under Sir Hugh Rose, 
with bravery and endurance unsurpassed by any corps in the Service. With only 
eighteen hours' warning, i.e. receiving their orders at seven in the morning, and 
starting at midnight of the same day, these troops took the field, and were absent 
from their homes for fifteen months, remaining the whole of that time under 
canvas, leaving their own fertile plain of the Deccan behind them, until, after 
fighting their way inch by inch, they bathed in the holy river at Calpee, after a 
signal victory obtained over the rebels at that place. Instancing a few of their 
exploits, I may mention that at Mehidpoor, the seat .of former triumph to the 
contingent, when they formed a part of Sir John Malcolm's army in 1 81 7, they 
arrived, after a forced march of sixty miles, in time to rescue an Enghsh lady ; 
and finding that the enemy, consisting of the Mehidpoor contingent and the 
escaped garrison of Dhar, had made away with the Mehidpoor battery and 
ajsenal stores, they immediately, after despatching Mrs. Timmins to the camp of 
the Bombay column, rattled off in pursuit, the enemy having got several hours' 
start of them. They overtook the rascals late in the afternoon, about twelve 
miles distant from Mehidpoor, charged, and captured both battery and stores, 
cutting up a large number of mutineers, and severing at a blow, from the enemy. 



i82 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

most important means of offence and defence, which a week later would assuredly 
have been in position and used against us when the great battle, which lasted 
throughout four days, was fought at Mundessoor. The troops, especially the 
native portion, lived almost entirely on parched grain collected from the fields in 
the neighbourhood, and immediately submitted to the process of hand manipula- 
tion over the fire. It is not my intention to trace here the further exploits of the 
Hyderabad contingent troops, beyond noticing the fact of their rapid journeys in 
advance of the main columns they accompanied, returning only to headquarters 
when a general action was to be fought. On the thousands of miles marched by 
the cavalry of this force, accompanied often by the infantry and artillery, I need 
not dwell. Sir Hugh Rose termed these troops 'the wings of my army.' With 
the restoration of peace came full time for recognising the Nizam's fidelity and 
active aid. Presents to the value of ;£ 10,000 were made to His Highness, and 
the Star of India was conferred on him. The territory transferred in '53 to our 
management was now yielding more than the requisite revenue, and a new arrange- 
ment was accordingly proposed, under which, in i860, districts of the value of 
13 lacs were restored to the Nizam, together with a transfer of the principality 
of Shorapoor, whose Rajah had been seduced into the rebellion of the Southern 
Mahratta country. This acquisition affords an annual surplus of ;£i 5,000. We 
also remitted the entire debt." 

The Nizam Afzul-ud-daula, G.C.S.I., died in 1869, and was succeeded 
by his son, the present Nizam, who has followed all the best traditions of his 
ancestors, and has demonstrated his attachment to the Empire in even more 
striking fashion. In 1885 he offered to send troops to aid the Government 
in Egypt ; and in the same year, when there was a menace of Russian 
aggression on the Afghan frontier, he repeated the generous offer. But it 
was in 1887, in the year of the Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty's 
reign, that His Highness gave the most signal proof of his princely loyalty. 
In August of that year His Highness wrote the following most remarkable 
and patriotic letter to the Viceroy of India : — 

" Hyderabad, August 26. 

" My Friend, — No inhabitant can be indifferent to the persistent advance 
of another great military power towards India ; to the necessity that exists for 
putting the frontier in a proper state of defence ; and to the burden it imposes 
on those charged with its safety and the care of the Empire. All who have the 
welfare of India at heart are bound to consider what should be done, and to 
show they are heartily in sympathy with those who are endeavouring to place 
the frontier in a proper state of defence, so as to ward off all danger from our 
hearths and homes. The Princes of India have not been blind to the movement 
of events. We reahse the financial responsibility the present state of affairs 
imposes on the Indian Exchequer. It seems to me that the time has arrived for 
showing in some open manner that India is united on this question, and for that 
reason I write now to spontaneously offer to the Imperial Government a con- 
tribution from the Hyderabad State of twenty lakhs annually for three years, for 
the exclusive purpose of Indian frontier defence. This is my offer in time of 
peace. At a later stage you can count upon my sword. — Your sincere friend, 

" Mir Mahbub Ali Khan." 

The effect of this letter on public opinion throughout the world was very 
great. Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen Empress was pleased to 
express her warm appreciation of the loyal action of His Highness in the 
following letter, by His Excellency the Viceroy's hand : — 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 183 



"Simla, October T. 
" My Friend, — I have received from Colonel Marshall your letter of the 
26th of August, and send this reply by his hands. It is difficult for me to 
express in fitting terms my sense of the ready loyalty and goodwill which have 
prompted your Highness to come forward at this time with so generous an offer, 
emanating as its does from the head of one of the largest and most important 
States in India. It is indeed a striking proof of the friendly feelings entertained 
towards Her Majesty and the British Government by the Princes of the Empire ; 
and I had the greatest satisfaction in acquainting the Queen Empress with the 
contents of your Highness's kharita. There is no doubt that the advance of a 
great military power towards the borders of India has imposed on the Govern- 
ment the obligation of taking those precautions for the defence of our frontier 
which are adopted by all nations on becoming conterminous with each other, no 
matter how friendly their existing relations. This duty undoubtedly has con- 
siderably added, and will continue to add for some time, to the expenditure of 
the Government of India ; and it is a convincing proof both of your Highness's 
statesmanlike capacity as well as of your generosity that you should have been 
the first among the Princes of India to recognise the principle that the Native 
States are as much interested as the rest of the Indian population in assisting 
the Government to take whatever measures may be necessary to preserve the 
borders of the Empire from any dangers which may arise from external com- 
plications. Again thanking your Highness in the name of my Government, as 
well as in the name of Her Majesty and the Government of England, for the 
noble example which you have set, — I remain, my friend, yours sincerely, 

" DUFFERIN." 

And the appreciation of the people of England of the friendly action of 
the First Prince of the Indian Empire was aptly expressed in the following 
leading article in the Times : — 

" This is an intimation, which no one can misinterpret, that the great Native 
Courts, who are outside the red line of British administration, have been alive to 
the incessant encroachments of Russia in the direction of India, and now per- 
ceive that this advance constitutes a danger for them as well as for us. We 
beheve that feeling is shared by every potentate, great or small, from Travancore 
to Cashmere, yet it has remained voiceless, not for want of will, but rather of 
knowledge as to how and when to speak. With remarkable acumen the Nizam 
has not only seen that the time has come, but he has chosen the very best and 
the most original mode of giving vent to the pent-up feeling of a large section of 
the Indian population. In time of war and invasion, or, indeed, of any military 
operations beyond the frontier, the rulers of the Native States would be com- 
pelled to play a certain part, and we should receive, as we have received before, 
the offer of their military contingents. But we are fortunately not in any immi- 
nent risk of war or invasion, although we have sanctioned an expenditure of some 
ten millions sterling on frontier defence, and it is this which makes the Nizam's 
princely gift all the more gratifying and significant. There is absolutely no prece- 
dent in Indian history for the Nizam taking this step in time of peace, nor, indeed, 
for any Native Court admitting the least responsibility in regard to the financial 
embarrassments of the Central Government, even if caused by expenditure on 
objects from which that Court derives a direct benefit. The action of the Nizam, 
magnificent in itself, is enhanced by all the attendant circumstances. It is quite 
unexpected, the step having been taken by the Nizam entirely on his own 
initiative. . . . We can assure His Highness that his generous friendship will 
wake a responsive feeling in the breasts of the British people, not merely for the 
noble proportions of his contribution to frontier defence, but for the loyal feelings 



i84 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

which inspired him to place on unmistakable record before the world the unanimity 
of opinion in India on the subjects of English rule and Russian aggression. 
The Nizam's act cannot fail to arouse our enthusiasm at the same time that it 
furnishes a unique compliment to our authority and power. 

" The impression produced by the Nizam's letter will not be limited to India 
or this country, although its full effect will be felt most in the Peninsula of 
Hindostan, where the ruler of Hyderabad speaks as the great political chief 
among the fifty million Mahomedans of the Empire. The great service which 
he has rendered our Government and cause is that, at a moment when even the 
suspicion of compulsion could not exist, he has come forward with the frank 
declaration that in his opinion every ruler and native of India has a common 
interest in the security of the country against external attack. In doing this he 
has not only committed his own person and dynasty to a policy of implacable 
hostility to a foreign invader, but he has set all the feudatories of the Indian 
Empire a splendid example. If any other Indian chief had taken this step the 
deed would have been in a personal sense quite as gratifying, but it would not 
have possessed the same political significance. When an Indian Mahomedan 
talks of the secular power of Islam, his expressed thought may be for the Sultan 
as Caliph, but his real conviction is that for him personally the Nizam is quite 
as important a personage. The Nizam has spoken not only ' as the oldest ally 
of the English in India,' but as the foremost Mahomedan potentate in our 
quarter of Asia. He is an infinitely greater prince, tested by his revenue, the 
number of his subjects, and his own personal enlightenment and that of his 
Government, than the Ameer of Bokhara, who is termed the Head of Islam in 
Central Asia. . . . The silly stories which those adventurers who wish to make 
a livelihood out of Russian credulity have been circulating about English oppres- 
sion in India, and especially at the expense of Mahomedans, have now received 
the clearest possible refutations at the hands of the most representative Mahome- 
dan prince in the Peninsula. The Nizam's letter is also important as putting an 
end to all possible ambiguity as to the cordial relations and good understanding 
subsisting between the Central Government and the chief feudatories of India. 
A great deal too much notice has been paid to alleged disaffection at native 
courts and capitals, instigated by outside intriguers ; and the armies and the 
social state of Native States, kept up in conformity with written treaty, may 
perhaps have been scanned with too closely critical an eye under the sudden 
perception of what might be a concealed danger. The Nizam's letter annihilates 
such petty and personal criticism. It is impossible after this to suspect Hydera- 
bad of being less staunch in the cause of defending India than ourselves ; and 
when the greatest and most powerful of Indian States is thus outspoken we may 
feel sure that the rest will not lag far behind. The Nizam has been good 
enough to take the most effectual steps to shatter the pleasing behef of Russian 
commanders and some Continental critics, that when the Czar's armies move 
towards the Indus the discontented princes and peoples, alienated by the greed 
and tyranny of England, will rise to welcome them as deliverers, so that the 
contest will be virtually over before the first shot is fired. . . . The present 
Nizam has bettered his predecessor's example. He has anticipated the crisis 
which may be before that country, and he declares in the most emphatic and 
unequivocal manner that if the fatal hour comes he will be with us, and that 
' England can count on his sword.' This we never doubted, but what is as 
surprising as it is welcome is that he has discovered the very best way to convince 
the world that his words are sincere, and not mere lip service. It would be 
futile to talk of making the Nizam some adequate return, for there is no repaying 
such generosity and cordiality as he has shown. But we cannot do less than 
admit that he acquires an additional claim on our confidence and consideration 
by conferring an inestimable service on the whole of the Empire, and one which 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 185 

no one but he, as the first of Indian princes, and the greatest magnate in alliance 
with the Crown, could have rendered with the same effect. British politicians 
can learn from his action the moral that British authority in India is both 
popular and useful, and at the same time that the menace from Russia is 
regarded by the responsible representatives of the Peninsula as a real and 
growing danger. In the union of those who will suffer from it 1,3 to be found 
absolute security, both now and in the future, and the Nizam has shown that 
this union exists." 

In November 1892 the Marquess of Lansdowne visited His Highness's 
capital in State, as Viceroy of India; and was entertained at dinner 
by the Nizam, who took the opportunity, when proposing the health of his 
distinguished guest, to reiterate his sentiments of loyalty and friendliness 
in the following words : — 

" The historical friendship that has existed between my State and the British 
Government has not been confined to mere mellifluous words, but has been 
tested by deeds — deeds in which the best blood of Hyderabad was shed in 
defence of British interests, deeds in which British blood was spilt in defending 
the throne of a faithful ally. This friendship is a most precious legacy left to me 
by my ancestors, which I am not only most anxious to maintain but to increase 
by continuous deeds of loyal amity." 

And the speech of the Viceroy reciprocated these sentiments ; the following 
is an extract from it : — 

" His Highness the Nizdm rules over an area of 100,000 square miles and a 
population of over eleven millions of human beings. It is perhaps instructive, in 
order to give a correct idea of the importance of the State, to recall the fact that 
its population is about five times that of Denmark, considerably more than double 
the population of the Netherlands, of Norway, Sweden, and of Turkey in Europe, 
while it is also considerably more than double that of the great island Continent of 
Australia and of that vast Dominion of Canada in which I had for some years the 
honour of representing Her Majesty. His Highness's territories comprise some 
of the richest in natural resources of any in India, and it is not too much to say 
that given a Government founded upon justice and personal security, there is no 
reason why the State should not be what His Highness, I am sure, desires it to 
be, an example to the rest. And I may add that there is no ruler whom, upon 
personal grounds, the Government of India is more desirous of supporting and 
encouraging in the discharge of his onerous duties than His Highness the Nizdm. 

" I have had the advantage of meeting several of those who have had official 
relations with him, and they are all agreed in bearing witness to the personal 
qualities which have attracted to him the sympathy and goodwill of those with 
whom he has been brought into contact. It is satisfactory to know that he has 
on more than one occasion shown by his acts that he is sincerely anxious to do 
his duty as the ruler of this important State. I may refer in illustration of my 
meaning to the liberality with which the support of the State has been given to 
such useful measures as the improvement of the water-supply of Secunderabad, 
and to the public spirit shown by His Highness in connection with the appoint- 
ment of the Chloroform Commission, ably presided over by Surgeon-Lieutenant- 
Colonel Lawrie — an enquiry which has already produced scientific results of 
importance, and which shows that His Highness is prepared to recognise the 
claims of a philanthropy transcending the limits of his own possessions." 

The progress of the State of Hyderabad under the rule of this brave and 



i86 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

patriotic Prince has been most surprising, and is evident in every department 
of public affairs. In communication and means of locomotion, in education, 
in sanitation, in the administration of justice, police, and prisons, in finance, 
in revenue-administration and surveys, and in every other department, the 
most thorough reforms have been attempted with marked success. The 
recent increase in trade and manufactures — cotton-spinning, cloth and silk 
weaving, shawl-making and the like — has been most marked. It is not too 
much to say that the Nizdm is idolised by his people ; on the occasion of his 
serious illness in 1884, the prayers in all the mosques, and the public 
anxiety throughout the State, reminded every one of the feeling evoked in 
England by the illness of the Prince of Wales. The Nizam has had the 
advantage of being served by many of the ablest and most experienced and 
successful Statesmen that India has produced, among whom the most 
prominent have been the late Sir Salar Jang, the late Shams-ul-Umara, and 
the living members of the great Shamsiya family — Sir Asman Jah, Sir 
Khurshid Jah, and the Vikir-ul-Umara. And to these may be added the 
Nawab Safdar Jang, Mushir-ud-dauM, Fakhr-ul-Mulk Bahadur, Minister of 
Justice ; the Nawab Shahab Jang, Mukhtar-ud-daula Bahidur, Minister of 
Police ; the Nawab Nizam Yar Jang, Hasim-ul-Mulk, Khdn-i-Khanan, Minister 
of the Miscellaneous Department ; and the Nawab Asaf Yar-ud-daula, Asaf 
Yar-ul-Mulk Bahadur, Member of Council. And among the Ministers who 
have successfully administered the important Departments of State under the 
Council may be mentioned the Nawab Mehdi Ali (Mohsin-ul-MuIk), the 
Nawdb Mushtak Husain (VikAr-ul-Mulk), the Nawdb Mehdi Hasan (Fateh 
Nawaz Jang), the Nawab Sayyid Husain Ali Bilgrdmi (ImAd-ul-Mulk), the 
Nawib Chiragh Ali (Azam Yar Jang), and the Sarddr Diler Jang (Diler-ud- 
dauM). By the aid of these Ministers His Highness has developed his 
State by a great railway — which he opened in person on the 3rd of April 
1886; he has established an extensive system of public instruction, based 
on the most perfect models, both for elementary and for secondary education ; 
he has purified the administration of justice, and put it on a par with that in 
British India ; he has repaired the neglect of centuries in the maintenance 
and construction of tanks and wells, and in the sanitation of the great cities 
of the State, and especially in the capital. He has introduced and largely 
carried out a scientific system of Revenue Survey, and safeguarded the rights 
of the poorer cultivators. The great central jail of Hyderabad, although it 
contains some of the most desperate criminals in India, is admirably arranged 
and administered, and is becoming a valuable centre for jail-manufactures. 
His Highness has cared for the medical wants of his female subjects by 
employing lady-doctors, establishing schools for the training of nurses, and by 
many similar benefactions. Some of the sons of the Hyderabad nobles are 
sent to England, at the cost of the State, to be educated. The Nizam has 
also established a system of famine-relief, for use in time of famine, based 
on the Report of Sir James Caird's Famine Commission, that may be 
compared with that of British India. In every way the progress attained, 
especially of late, has been most remarkable and gratifying. 

His Highness's personal staff is at present constituted as follows : Private 
Secretary, the Nawdb Imd,d-ul-Mulk Bahddur ; Military Secretary and Aides- 
de-Camp, the Nawab Mahbub Yar Jang Bahddur, Major the Nawdb Afsar 
Jang Bahidur, and the Nawab Dawar-ul-Mulk Bahidur ; Surgeon-in-attendance, 
the Nawdb Sultdn-ul-Hukama. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 187 

The family banner of the Nizdm is coloured yellow, and it bears in its 
centre a disc, which represents the "Lucky Chapati" of the first Nizdm. 
This family cognisance took its origin in the following incident. When the 
first Nizam was departing to the wars in the Deccan, a holy man came 
forward to give his benediction to the hero of the faith, and presented him 
with a chapdti as an emblem of good fortune ; this chapAH the warrior carried 
with him as an amulet through all his successful campaigns, and his 
descendants have ever since borne the device called the kulcha on their 
banner. 

The Nizam rules his State in a constitutional manner, through the medium 
of a Prime Minister — His Excellency Sir Asman Jah, K.C.I.E. — with a 
Council of State, whose chief member is the Vikar-ul-Umara. His Highness 
has fixed days in the week when he transacts public business with the 
Council ; and thrice a week the Prime Minister attends at the Palace, with 
all reports, financial statements, and other documents, thereby keeping the 
Nizam fully informed of the state of public affairs. His Highness is said to 
take a personal interest in all that goes on ; and indeed, for some time before 
the appointment of the present Prime Minister, he acted as his own Minister, 
with the aid of an English officer lent him by the Viceroy. He is a keen 
sportsman, and a proficient in all manly exercises, especially in that of tent- 
pegging, which is his great amusement, and in which he is very expert. 

The area of the Nizam's dominions — including the Berars or Hyderabad 
Assigned Districts, which are temporarily administered by the British 
Government in trust for him — is about 98,000 square miles ; its population 
is nearly 13,000,000, chiefly Hindus, but with over a million Muhammadans. 
It is by far the largest, richest, and most populous of the feudatory States of 
India ; it is three times as large as Bavaria, and more than twice as populous. 
The Nizam maintains a mihtary force of 6228 cavalry, 24,068 infantry, and 
3S guns; exclusive of the Paigah or Household Troops. His Highness is 
entitled to a salute of 2 1 guns. 

Residence. — Hyderabad, Deccan. 



i88 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

IBRAHIM KHAN. See Muhammad Ibrdhim Khdn. 

IBRAHIM SAYYID. See Muhammad Ibrdhim, Maulavi, Sayyid. 

ICHHRA SINGH, Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Gujrdnwdla, Punjab. 

IDAR, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAJA SRI SIR KESRISINGHJI 
JAWANSINGHJI, K.G.S.I., Mahdrdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1864; succeeded to the gadi 26th December 1868. Belongs to 
the great Rahtor Rdjput (Hindu) family, said to spring from the second son 
of the legendary hero Rdma, and therefore of the Solar race ; of whom the 
principal Chief is His Highness the Mahdrajd of Jodhpur, and to which also 
belong the Chiefs of Bikanir and Kishangarh in Rajputdna, and other 
important Princes. In 1729, when the famous Abhai Singh, Rahtor Rdja 
of Jodhpur, was Subahddr of Gujarat under the Emperor Muhammad Shdh, 
and his brother Bakht Singh Rahtor was the conqueror of Nagar, two other 
brothers, named Anand Singh Rahtor and Rai Singh Rdhtor, established 
themselves at Idar by force of arms. The Peshwd and the Gaekwdr soon 
despoiled the young State ; and the Raja Sheo Singh Rahtor, son of Anand 
Singh, who died in 1791, was compelled to lose part of his territories, and to 
pay tribute to the Gaekwar. This tribute is still paid by the Chief of Idar, 
who in return receives tribute from some other minor States. Sheo Singh 
was succeeded by his son Bhawan Singh, who died shortly afterwards, leaving 
the gadi to a minor son, the Rdja Gambhirsinghji. The latter was succeeded 
by the Mahdrajd Jawansinghji, K.C.S.I., who was a Member of the Legislative 
Council of Bombay, and died in 1888, leaving his son, the present Mahdraja, 
as a minor. His Highness was educated at the Rajkumdr College at Indore. 
His State has an area of 2500 square miles; and a population of 258,429, 
chiefly Hindus, but including 8700 Muhammadans and 6266 Jains. The 
Mahdrdjd has obtained a sanad of adoption; and was created a Knight 
Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India on 15th Feb- 
ruary 1887, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most 
Gracious Majesty. His Highness maintains a military force of 54 cavalry, 
100 infantry, and 21 guns; and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. 

Residence. — Idar, Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay. 

IJPURA, THAKUR GOBARSINGHJI, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1850. Belongs to a Koli (aboriginal) family. His State has a 
population of about 392, chiefly Hindus. 
Residence. — Ijpura, Mdhi Kdntha. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 189 



ILAHI BAKHSH, SHAIKH, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1889. 
Residence. — Ajmir. 

ILOL, THAKUR WAKHATSINGHJI DIPSINGHJI, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1864; succeeded to the gadi i6th April 1866. Belongs to a KoH 
(Hindu) family; was educated at the Rajkumar College, Rdjkot. The 
State of Ilol is tributary to the Gaekwar, and also to Idar. Its area is 44 
square miles; its population is 5603, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Ilol, Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay. 

ILSIPAT HUSAIN, MIR, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1889. 
Residence. — Baroda. 

IMAM BAKHSH walad SHBR MUHAMMAD KHAN 
(of Mirpur), Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 

IMAM BAKHSH (of Raikot), Eai. 
Belongs to a Rajput Muhammadan family, that claims descent from the 
same stock as that of the ruling house of Jaisalmir. Its founder, Tulsi Ram, 
second son of Raja Dulchi Ram of Jaisalmir, is said to have become a con- 
vert to Islam in the year 1833. His descendants occupied Raikot till the 
death of Rani Bhagbari in 1852, when the territory lapsed to the British 
Government. Rai Imam Bakhsh is a distant relative of the late Rani, and has 
succeeded to her private estate. He has three sons — Amir Khan, Fateh 
Khan, and Faizulla Khan. 

Residence. — Raikot, Ludhidna, Punjab. 

IMAM BAKHSH KHAN, BOZDAR, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1834. The title was conferred on loth April 1884 as a personal 
distinction, in recognition of his eminent services in the Survey Department 
as an explorer of unknown tracts on the Frontier. He has done especially 
valuable work as an explorer in the Gilgit country, also in Zhob and the 
Ghumal country, and in the Shirani Hills. He has taken part also in ex- 
ploring expeditions to the Vaziri country, to Buner, to Agror, Kandahar, and 
Kabul. He is a Member of the Municipal Committee of Dera Ghazi Khan ; 
and has received a khilat and a chair in Darbar from the Government. 

Residence. — Dera Ghizi Khin, Punjab. 



190 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



IMAM BAKHSH KHAN walad MUHAMMAD HASAN 
KHAN, His Highness. 

The title is personal, His Highness being a representative of the ruling 
Chiefs or Mirs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 

Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 



IMAM BAKHSH KHAN, MAZARI, SIR, K.C.I.B., Mir, Nawdb. 

The first title (of Mir) is hereditary, the second (of Nawab) is personal, 
and was conferred on 23rd February 1877, in recognition of his loyal and 
zealous services in Sir R. Sandeman's mission to Kalat. Belongs to a Mazari 
Baluch family that claims descent from Amir Hamza, the uncle of the 
Prophet, whose son, Kul Charag, emigrated from Persia to KaMt, and settled 
in Kach and Makran. A descendant, Batil Khan, received the title of 
" Mazar," meaning a lion in the Baluch language, on account of his gallantry 
in the battles with the Lashiris, and hence the name of this Baluchi clan. 
Bahram Khan, the father of Sir Imam Bakhsh, received a sanad from the 
Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore. During the Mutiny of 1857 Sir Imam 
Bakhsh gave conspicuous aid to the Government ; and was created a 
Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, 
24th May 1888. He is an Honorary Magistrate of the first class, and one 
of the most influential and loyal Chiefs on the Baluch frontier. His eldest 
son, named Bahram Khan, was born in 1857, and has married the daughter 
and only child of his cousin, Sher Muhammad, which marriage ensures the 
Tamanddrship, or headship of the clan, to Sir Imam Bakhsh's descendants. 

Residence.— Dera. Ghdzi Khdn, Punjab. 



IMAM SHARIF, Xkdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887. 
Residence. — Survey of India. 

IMDAD ALI KHAN walad HASAN ALI KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a representative of the Mirs or 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 

Residence. — Sind. 

IMDAD IMAM, MAULAVI, SAYYID, Shams-ul-Ulama. 

The title was conferred on 24th May 1889 as a personal distinction, in 
recognition of his eminence as an oriental scholar. It entitles him to take 
rank in Darbar after titular Nawabs. 

Residence. — Patna, Bengal. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 191 



INAYAT ALI KHAN walad MIR GHULAM SHAH, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a representative of the Mirs or 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 



INAYAT ALI EHAN, MIRZA, Ali Kadr Bahddur. 

Is a grandson of the late Muhammad Ali Shah, King of Oudh, being the 
son of the Nawab Sir Mohsin-ud-daula, K.C.S.I., who married the King's 
daughter. The title, which is a personal distinction, was first conferred by 
King Muhammad Ali Shah in 1839, and was recognised by Government in 
1877. Is a trustee of the Husainabad Endowment. 

Residence. — Lucknow, Oudh. 



INAYAT HUSAIN KHAN, MUNSHI, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born September 1834. Belongs to a Pathan family, and has been in 
the service of the Government since 1850. During the Mutiny he rendered 
valuable services at the risk of his own life and property, and for these he 
has been rewarded with a grant, and on 6th June 1885 obtained the title of 
Khan Bahadur as a personal distinction. 

Residence. — Allahabad, North-Western Provinces. 



INAYAT HUSAIN SHAIKH, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 25th November 1870. 
Residence. — Hyderabad, Deccan. 

INAYAT-ULLA KHAN, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Gwalior, Central India. 

INDAR DEO (of Akhrota), Rdjd. 

The title is hereditary. The family is of ancient Rajput origin. Its 
founder was Raja Ranjit Deo, Raja of Jammu, the son of Raja Darab Deo, 
who was the ancestor of the Maharajas of Jammu and Kashmir. Raja 
Indar Deo's grandfather was the ruling Chief at Jammu, who was ejected by 
the Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore when he conquered that territory. He 
is the son of the late Raja Raghbir Deo. 

Residence, — Akhrota, Pathdnkot, Gurdaspur, Punjab. 



192 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



INDAR KUNWAR (of Balrdmpur), Mahdrdni. 

The Maharani, being the widow of the late Maharaja Sir Digbijai 
Singh, K.C.S.I., of Balrampur, is the largest landowner in Oudh, and the 

guardian of the heir to the Chiefship of 
Balrampur, adopted by her. The hereditary 
title of Raja dates from the i6th century. 
The family' is a younger branch of the Janwar 
family of Ikauna, in the Bahraich district {see 
Narpat Singh, Raja of Gangwal). Madho 
Singh, the younger brother of Raja Ganesh 
Singh of that family, made some conquests 
between the Rapti and Kuana rivers ; and 
his son, Balram Singh, founded the town of 
Balrampur. Some of his successors, the 
Rajas of Balrampur, successfully resisted the 
exactions of the Nawabs Vazirs of Oudh. 
Raja Newal Singh, who ascended the gadi 
in 1777, is one of the most famous warriors 
of the line. In 1836 the late Sir Digbijai 
Singh, K.C.S.I., then a boy of eighteen, 
became Raja. Throughout the Mutiny of 1857 he took the most active and 
conspicuous part on the side of the Government from first to last, and in 
the final campaign aided in driving the rebel leaders across the frontier into 
the Nepal Tardi. He was one of the five loyal Talukdars specially mentioned 
in -Lord Canning's Proclamation of 1858 ; and in 1866 was created a Knight 
Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. He was for 
some time a Member of the Viceroy's Legislative Council, and enjoyed a 
personal salute of 9 guns, with many other honours and dignities. He 
died on the 27th May 1882. The Maharani adopted, as son and heir, 
Udit Narayan Singh, a child nearly related to the late Maharaja ; and in 
1883 this adoption was ratified by the Government. 

Arms. — Argent, on a fesse azure between in chief a sword in bend 
surmounted by a matchlock in bend sinister, and in base on a mount a tiger 
couchant, all proper, an Eastern crown between two stars of six points of the 
first. Crest. — On a wreath of the colours, upon a trunk of a tree eradicated 
fessewise and sprouting to the dexter, a falcon surmounted by a rainbow, all 
proper. Motto. — Fide et Justitid. 

Residence. — Balrdmpur, Gonda, Oudh. 




THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 193 



INDAR NARAYAN, Rat. 

Born 1850. The title is hereditary, and was conferred on 5th June 
1858. Belongs to a Brahman family of Kashmir. The late Pandit Rai 
Kishan Narayan was Settlement Deputy Collector of Sagar in the Central 
Provinces at the time of the Mutiny of 1 85 7, and greatly distinguished him- 
self by his courage and fidelity, which were of the greatest value to the local 
authorities throughout the time of the disturbances. As a reward he received 
the hereditary title of Rai, with a grant of lands. On his death his son, the 
present Rai, who is a Subordinate Judge in the North-Western Provinces, in- 
herited the title and estates. He was educated at Agra, and has two sons — 
Brij Narayan and Iqbdl Narayan. 

Residence. — Cawnpur, North-Western Provinces. 



INDAR NARAYAN SINGH, Mahdrdj-Kumdr. 

The title is personal. The Maharaj-Kumar is the son of the late Maha- 
raja Gopal Chandra Singh, who obtained the title in 1867, "on account of 
his many acts of public liberality." The Maharaja was the husband of the 
Rani Janaki Kumari, eleventh in descent from Raja Banha Singh, and owner 
of Pargana Sultanabad in the Santal Parganas. 

Residence. — Maheshpur, Santdl Parganas, Bengal. 



194 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



INDORB, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAJ-ADHIRAJ SHIVAJI 
RAO HOLKAR, BAHADUR, aC.S.L, Mahdrdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born i860 ; succeeded to the gadi on 12th July 1886. His Highness's 
full titles are — His Highness Maharaj-Adhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Sir 
Shivaji Rao Holkar Bahadur, Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted 
Order of the Star of India. Holkar is the dynastic name of the Princes of 
this great Mahratta family, who have occupied a very conspicuous place in 
the history of India since the first half of the i8th century. It is derived 
from Hoi, the name of the village on the Nira river in the Deccan, where, 
in 1693, was born Malhar Rao, the founder of the dynasty. It is an in- 
teresting fact in connection with the history of this Principality, that its 
administration has twice, at important periods, been in the hands of ladies of 
the family — once, most successfully, in those of the famous Ahalya Bai 
(1765-95), and once (less happily) in those of Tulsi Bai (1811-17). Malhar 
Rao adopted a military life in his early youth, and in the year 1724 entered 
the service of the Peshwa, from which time his rise was very rapid. Eight 
years later he had become the Commander-in-Chief of the Peshwa's armies, 
had conquered the Imperial Subahdar of Malwa, and had received, from the 
gratitude of the Peshwa, the territory of Indore, with most of the conquered 
territory. He continued to strengthen his position, and at the great battle of 
Panipat, in conjunction with Sindhia {see Gwalior, Maharaja of), he com- 
manded one division of the Mahratta hosts. After that disaster he retired to 
Indore, and devoted himself to the development of this great Principality, 
which he left in 1765 to his grandson, a minor named Mali Rao Holkar, in 
a. state of prosperity. The latter died in a few months ; and the administra- 
tion was then assumed by his mother, Ahalya Bai, the daughter-in-law of the 
first Holkar. Aided by her Commander-in-Chief, Tukaji Rao Holkar, this 
clever and courageous lady ruled for thirty years, and left Indore, at her 
death in 1795, in a well-ordered and prosperous condition. Thereon much 
disorder ensued. At last Jeswant Rao Holkar, an illegitimate son of Tukaji, 
amid many vicissitudes of fortune, managed to maintain the position of the 
family. He defeated the combined armies of Sindhia and the Peshwa in 
1802, and took possession of the Peshwa's capital of Poona; which, how- 
ever, reverted to the Peshwa by British intervention after the Treaty of 
Bassein in the same year. Again, after the Treaty of Sarji Anjengaon, war 
ensued between Jeswant Rao Holkar and the Paramount Power, with varying 
fortune, till at length, in 1805, Holkar was forced to surrender to Lord Lake, 
and sign a treaty on the banks of the river Bias in the Punjab. He died in 
1 81 1, leaving a minor son, Malhar Rao Holkar; and the administration was 
carried on by Tulsi Bai, one of the concubines of the late Maharaja, as 
Queen Regent. She was murdered in 1 8 1 7 by her own officers ; but the 
Indore army was defeated by the British forces at the battle of Mehidpur, 
and the Treaty of Mandesar followed in 18 18, by which Malhar Rao Holkar 
became a feudatory Prince of the British Empire. He died in 1833 with- 
out issue. Martand Rao Holkar was adopted as his successor, but was 
speedily deposed by his cousin, Hari Rao Holkar. The latter, dying in 1843 
without issue, was succeeded by his adopted son, Khandi Rao, who died in 
1844, and was succeeded by adoption by His late Highness the Maharaj- 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 195 

Adhiraj Tukaji Rao Holkar, father of the present Chief. Tukaji Rao was 
only eleven years old at the date of his accession, and was the second son of 
Bhao Holkar. In 1852 he attained his majority, and was invested with the 
full management of the State. In 1857 the Indore army mutinied, and 
besieged the British Resident, Sir Henry Durand, at Indore, who was ex- 
posed to much difficulty and danger in taking off the women and children to 
a place of safety at BhopaL The Maharaja, however, remained loyal, and his 
rebellious troops soon after were forced to lay down their arms. The Maha- 
raja subsequently received a sanad of adoption, an increased personal salute, 
and the rank of a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of 
the Star of India. He died in 1886, and was succeeded by the present 
Maharaj-Adhiraj Bahadur. His Highness has visited England, and is known 
as a Prince of great enlightenment and ability. Like his illustrious father, he 
has received the rank of a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted 
Order of the Star of India. The area of his State is 8400 square miles ; its 
population about 1,055,000, chiefly Hindus, but including about 73,000 
Muhammadans, and 86,000 belonging to various aboriginal tribes. In size 
the State of Indore may be compared with the kingdoms of Saxony or 
Wiirtemberg, but is larger than either. In population it may be compared 
with the Grand Duchies of Hesse or Baden, being more populous than the 
former, and less so than the latter. His Highness maintains a military force 
of 3231 cavalry, 6128 infantry, and 65 guns. He is entitled to a salute of 
2 1 guns within the limits of Indore territory, and 1 9 guns elsewhere. 

Residence. — Indore, Central India. 



igS THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



INDRA BIKRAMA SINGH (of Raipur Ikdaria, Itaunja), Rdjd. 

Born 24th November 1864. The title is hereditary, having been 
assumed by Rai Dingar Deo, ancestor of the Raja, and having been 
recognised as hereditary by the Government in 1877. Belongs to a 
Puar Rajput (Hindu) family, of the Vasishta Gotra or clan ; tracing their 
descent from Deo Ridh Rai, eighth son of Raja Rudra Sah of Dharanagar or 
Deogarh, who took service under the King of Delhi, and obtained from him 
important commands. The Rajas have before their residence a large square 
stone, which they hold in almost sacred reverence. They say that they 
brought it from Delhi, and that it is the symbol of their right to the estates 
granted to them by the Emperors of Delhi. The late Raja Jagmohan Singh 
died in 1881, four months after attaining his majority, and was succeeded by 
his brother, the present Raja, then sixteen years old, as a minor under the Court 
of Wards. Educated at Canning College, Lucknow ; attained his majority, 
and received possession of his estate 2nd January 1886. 

Residence. — Itaunja, Mahona, Lucknow, Gudh. 



INGHAR SINGH, Rao Bahadur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, o" the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Charkhiri, Central India. 



ISHRI PARSHAD TEWARI, Rai. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence.— Qt-rAxzS. Provinces. 



ISHRI SINGH (of Nadaun), Mian. 

The title is hereditary. Is a near relative of the Raja Amar Chand of 
Nadaun {q.v), and a descendant of the Raja Sir Jodhbir Chand, K.C.S.I. 
Residence. — Kdngra, Punjab. 



ISHWAR DAS, Rai Bahddur, Rdjd Ddyawant. 

Born 13th June 1826. The titles are personal, and having been con- 
ferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic, were recognised by the Government 
1890. His grandfather, the Rai Raja Makhan Lai Bahadur, and his father, 
Rai Raja Tikam Chand Bahadur, both successively held important posts 
under the Nawabs of the Carnatic. Belongs to a Kayastha family, claiming 
descent from the famous Chitragupta. Has received the thanks of Govern- 
ment for his public services and his benevolence. His adopted son is named 
Lachmi Das. 

Residence. — Madras. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 197 

ISHWAR DAS, PANDIT, Hai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1889. 
Residence. — Peshdwar, Punjab. 

JABRIA BHIL and JABRI, MIAN YUSUP MUHAMMAD, 

Midn of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1874; succeeded to \}a& gadi loth May 1888 as a minor. Belongs 
to a Pindari (Muhammadan) family, descended from Rajan Khan, brother of 
the Pindari leader Chitu. The State is tributary to Gwalior, and contains a 
population of about 1000, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Jabria Bhil, Bhopdl, Central India. 

JADAB CHANDAR BARUA, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 30th August 1888. 
Residence. — Nowgong, Assam. 

JADU. See Yadu. 



JADUNATH DEO (of Aul), Kumar. 

Is the son of the late Raja Padmalabh Deo of Aul, who was born in 
1830, succeeded to the gadi in 1840, and has recently died. Is descended 
from the ancient Royal family of Orissa. The Maharaja Makund Deo, the 
last Maharaja of Orissa, was conquered by the Raja Man Singh (see Jodhpur) 
as Viceroy of the Mughal Emperor towards the close of the 1 6th century. 
When subsequently Rant Chandra Deo, belonging to another family, was 
proclaimed Maharaja of Orissa by the headmen of the country, his title was 
disputed by the two surviving sons of Makund Deo, of whom the elder was 
also called Ram Chandra Deo, and the disputes were finally settled by Raja 
Man Singh in 1580 a.d., who appointed Ram Chandra Deo, the son of 
Maharaja Makund Deo, to be Raja of Aul, and his brother to be Raja of 
Sarungar of Patiya, while the other Ram Chandra Deo was made Raja of 
Khurda. In 1803 the Raja of Aul acknowledged fealty to the British 
Government. 

Residence. — Aul, Orissa, Bengal. 



JADUNATH HALDAR, Rai Bahddur. 

Born 5th April 1832. The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th 
May 1889. His great-grandfather was in the service of the Nawab of Mur- 
shidabad in Bengal, and was granted by him the appellation of Haldar, which 
his descendants retain as their family name. After the British conquest of 
Bengal he was appointed Tahsildar of Khas Mahal in Barrackpore. During 



198 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

the Mutiny the Rai Bahadur was a prisoner in the hands of the rebels for 
five months, and has subsequently rendered excellent service in the Police of 
the North-Western Provinces. 

Residence. — Allahabad, North-Westem Provinces. 

JADUNATH MUKHARJI, Rai BaUdur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 22nd May 1876, "for 
liberality displayed by him in various matters of public progress and im- 
provement." Granted the title of Rai Bahadur, as a personal distinction, 
2nd January 1893. 

Residence. — Hazdribagh, Bengal. 



JAFAR ALI KHAN, CLE. 

Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire, 25th June 1887. Is an officer in Her Majesty's Army, with the 
rank of Risalddr. 

Residence. — Calcutta. 

JAPAR ALI KHAN, Nawdb Bahadur. 

The title is personal. Is the grandson of the late Amjad Ali Shah, King 
of Oudh, being the younger son of Nizam-ud-daula, who married a daughter 
of the King. 

Residence. — Lucknow, Oudh. 

JAPARABAD, Chief of . See Janjira. 

JAGADINDRA NATH RAI (of Ndtor), Mahdrdjd. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877. Belongs to 
a Saritra Brahman family, who were eminent for many generations as Maha- 
rajas of Nator, and at one time owned the greater portion of the Rajshahi 
district. It is stated that the title of Maharaja Bahadur was conferred on 
Ram Jiban Rai by the Emperor of Delhi, and another sanad from Delhi was 
conferred on his grandson, the Maharaja Ram Krishna Rai Bahadur of 
Ndtor. His son was the Maharaja Bisvanath Rai Bahadur of Nator, who is 
said by the family to have been granted a political pension by the British 
Government in 1806. His grandson was the Maharaja Gobindanath Rai 
Bahadur of Ndtor, the (adoptive) father of the present Maharaja. 

Residence. — Nitor, Rdjshdhi, Bengal. 

JAGADISHWAR CHATTARJI, Rai Bahddur. 

Born 17th March 1846. The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd 
January 1888, for long and approved service in the Opium Department, in 
which he held an important position. Belongs to a Brahman family of 
Bengal. 

Residence.-~Q\\&i:\^Mx, North-Westem Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA I99 

JAGANNADHA RAO, VALLURI, Rai BaUdur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887. 
Residence. — Vizianagram, Madras. 

JAGAT BAHADUR (of Umri), R&jd. 

Born 17th November 1850; succeeded to the gadi 23rd October 1872. 
The title is hereditary. Is the senior representative of the ancient Bilkhari 
(Rajput) Chiefs of Fort Bilkhar, the vast ruins of which remain to this day in 
the mauza of Agyapur ; descended from Ghaibar Sah, fourth son of Jaswant, 
and great-grandson of Balbhaddar Dikhit, who built Fort Bilkhar after the fall of 
Kanauj. About 600 years ago one of his descendants, Raja Ram Deo, was 
the Bilkharia Chief of Patti and Fort Bilkhar, but was deposed by his son-in- 
law, Bariar Singh Bachgoti {see Madho Prasad Singh, Rai), who slew his son 
Dalpat Sah, and seized the fort, leaving only a few villages to the descendants 
of Raja Ram Deo. The present Raja has a son and heir, named Lai 
Krishna Pal Singh. 

Residence. — Umri, Partdbgarh, Oudh. 

JAG-AT SINGH, Sarddr Bahddur. 
The titlfe is personal. 
Residence. — Sidlkot, Punjab. 

JAGATI>AL BAHADUR SINGH (of Raipur Bichaur), Rai. 

The title is hereditary. Is the son of the late Rai Jagmohan Singh (who 
died on 9th April 1886) and of the Thakurain Sultan Kunwar, who now 
holds the estate of Raipur Bichaur as the heir of her late husband (see 
Sultan Kunwar, Thakurain). Belongs to the Bachgoti clan of Rajputs (see 
Ranbijai Bahadur Singh, Diwan), and is descended from Hirda Singh of Patti 
Saifabad. In 1818 Rai Pirthipal Singh held the estate, and was dispossessed 
by the Nawab Nazim, but restored after three years. 

Residence. — Raipur Bichaur, Partdbgarh, Oudh. 

JAGJIWANDAS KHUSHALDAS, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877. 
Residence, — Surat, Bombay. 

JAGJODH SINGH, Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary. Is the son of the late Kunwar Peshawara Singh 
of the Lahore family. 

Residences. — Sidlkot, Punjab ; and Bahraich, Oudh. 

JAGNISHAN SINGH, C.I.B. (of Atra Chandapur), Rdjd. 

Born 2 1 St August 1841; succeeded 1864. The title is hereditary. 
Belongs to the great Kanhpuria (Rajput) family {see Surpal Singh Bahadur, Raja 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



of Tiloi), being descended from Raja Madan Singh of Simrauta, third son of 
Prasad Singh, who was seventh in descent from Kanh, the Kshatriya founder 
of Kanhpur in the time of the great Manik Chand. The seventh in descent 
from Madan Singh was the Raja Mandhata Singh, who was in possession of 
Chandapur at the time of the conquest of Oudh by Saadat Khan. The Raja 
Shiudarshan Singh had half the estate confiscated at the time of the Mutiny 
in 1857. His grandson, the present Raja, is an Honorary Magistrate, and 
received a Medal of Honour at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi on ist 
January 1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious 
Majesty as Empress of India ; and subsequently for good services he has 
been created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. 
Residence. — Chandapur, Rai Bareli, Oudh. 



JAHAN KADR MIRZA MUHAMMAD WAHID ALI 
BAHADUR, Prince. 

The title is personal — a courtesy title of the Prince, as a son of the late 
King of Oudh. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 



JAHANDAD KHAN (of Khanpur), Rdjd, Khdn Bahadur. 

The first title (Raja) is hereditary, and the second (Khan Bahadur) is per- 
sonal, and was conferred on 2 4th May 1 8 8 1 . Belongs to a family of the Gakkar 
tribe, who overran Kashmir in early times, and were formidable opponents of 
the Emperor Babar. Is the son of Raja Haidar Bakhsh Khan ; has acted as 
Extra Assistant Commissioner of the Punjab. His son and heir is named 
Fazaldad. 

Residence. — Hazdra, Punjab. 



JAI CHAND (of Lambagraon), Rdjd. 

Born 1870. The title is hereditary, and was conferred on 12th December 
1851. Belongs to the Katoch family of Rajputs, and is head of the Kangra 
family. Raja Parmad Chand died childless in exile at Almora, and was 
succeeded by his relative. Raja Partab Chand, the father of the present 
Raja. 

Residence. — Kdngra, Punjab. 

JAI SINGH (of Guler), Rdjd. 

The title is hereditary, and was conferred on 28th February 1878, the 
Raja being the brother of the late Raja Shamsher Singh of Guler, and having 
previously enjoyed the hereditary title of Mian. His son and heir is named 
Rughnath Singh. The family is connected with that of His Highness the 
Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir by marriage. It is an offshoot of the 
families of Kangra and Lambagraon. 

Residence. — Guler, Kdngra, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



JAI SINGH (of Siba), Rdjd. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 7th August 1878. The Siba 
family is an offshoot of the Guler family {see Jai Singh, of Guler, Raja), which 
itself was an offshoot of that of Kangra. Is descended from Sibaru Chand, a 
younger son of the Raja of Guler, who conquered the Siba territory, calling 
it Siba after his own name. Raja Ram Singh, the last of the old hereditary 
Rajas of Siba, died without male issue in 1875. The territory lapsed to the 
Paramount Power, but as an act of favour to His Highness the Maharaja of 
Jammu and Kashmir, who is related to the family by marriage, the territory 
and title was continued to a scion of the family named Raja Bije Singh. He 
died in 1878, and was succeeded by his son, the present Raja. 

Residence. — Siba, Kdngra, Punjab. 

JAIBANS KUNWAR (of Kaithola), Hdni. 

Born 1849. The title is hereditary. The Chief of Kaithola is the head 
of the great Kanhpuria family {see Surpal Singh and Jagnishan Singh), being 
the representative of Sahas, the eldest son of Kanh. From him a line of 
twenty descents from father to son ends in the late Raja Mahesh Bakhsh of 
Kaithola, who died without male issue in 1881. The estates were under 
Government management for some time, and were then handed over to the 
present Rani, the widow of the late Raja. 

Residence. — Partdbgarh, Oudh. 

JAIKISHAN DAS, C.S.I., Hdja Bahadur. 

Born 24th November 1832. The title is personal, and was conferred 
on 1 8th January i860. Belongs to a family of Chaubd Brahmans, who fled 
to Etah from Muttra in the reign of Ala-ud-din Ghori, because they had slain 
the Kazi of Muttra. Chaubd Ghansham Das, having long been in Sovern- 
ment service, and having retired on pension, in 1857 rendered most valuable 
aid to the Government, although blind and infirm; and ultimately was 
surprised and slain by the rebels at Kasganj. His brother, the present Raja 
Jai Kishan Das Bahadur, had loyally supported him, and was rewarded with 
the title and a grant of lands and other honours in i860. He was created 
a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India in 1870. Is a 
Fellow of the Allahabad University, and Deputy Collector of Bareilly. 

Residence. — Moradabad, North-Western Provinces. 

JAIMAL SINGH (of Thalia), Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — ^Jilandhar, Punjab. 

JAIPRAKASH LAL, CLE., £ai Bahddur. 

The title is personal; and was conferred on 31st August 1881. The 
Rai Bahadur was for many years the Diwan of the Dumraon Raj, and 
rendered excellent service in that capacity. On 25th May 1892 he was 
created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. 

Residence. — Dumraon, Bengal. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 




JAIPUR, HIS HIGHNESS SIR MADHO SINGH 
BAHADUR, G.C.S.I., Mahdrdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1861 ; ascended the gadi as a minor i8th September 1880, and 
was invested with full governing powers on attaining his majority in September 

1882. Is the Chief of the famous 
Kachhwaha tribe of Rajputs, de- 
scended from the legendary hero 
Rama, and therefore of the Surya- 
vansi or Solar race. Tod devotes 
a large part of his learned Annals of 
Rdjdsthdn to the history of this 
family, which, indeed, is no unim- 
portant part of the history of India. 
Tod says of the ruling family of 
Jaipur (otherwise called Amber or 
Dhundar) : " A family which traces 
its lineage from Rama of Koshala, 
Nala of Nishida, and Dola the lover 
of Maroni, may be allowed ' the 
boast of heraldry'; and in remembrance of this descent, the Cushites [Kach- 
hwaha] of India celebrate with great solemnity the annual feast of the sun, 
on which a stately car, called the Chariot of the Sun, Surya ratha, drawn by 
eight horses, is brought from the temple, and the descendant of Ramesa, 
ascending therein, perambulates his capital." 

The full title of the Maharaja is — His Highness Sardmad-i-Rajaha-i-Hin- 
dustan Raj Rajendra Sri Maharaj-Adhiraj Sawai Sir Madho Singh Bahadur, 
Knight. Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India 
{see Introduction, §11). 

From Rama, the hero of the Rdmdyana, the greatest of the legendary 
heroes of India, to Dhola Rao, the founder of the Jaipur State in 967 a.d., 
there are enumerated 34 generations ; and from Dhola Rao to the present 
Maharaja, 106 generations. Early in the nth century a descendant of 
Dhola Rao named Hamaji conquered Amber from the Minas, and fixed 
his court there; and Amber remained the capital of the dynasty until 
the time of Jai Singh II., who transferred it to Jaipur in 1728. In the 
time of the Great Mughal, the Emperor Akbar, Raja Bhagwan Das of 
Jaipur was one of the first Princes of the Empire. Overcoming Rajput pride 
of race, he gave his daughter in marriage to the Emperor's son and heir. 
Prince Salim, afterwards the Emperor Jahangir, and was himself one of the 
greatest Imperial commanders. But his adopted son and successor, the 
Raja Man Singh, was the most famous of all the Imperial generals. He and 
his Rajputs carried the arms of the Empire successfully into Orissa, Bengal, 
Assam, and Kabul ; the chronicles of the age are full of the exploits of the 
brother-in-law of the Emperor, and he was successively Governor of Kabul, 
Bengal, Behar, and the Deccan. His nephew, the Raja Jai Singh, known as 
the Mirza Raja, was equally famous throughout the wars of Aurangzeb in the 
Deccan ; he it was who effected the capture of the famous Sivaji, founder of 
the Mahratta Power ; and he is said to have fallen a victim to the jealousy of 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 203 

the Emperor, who caused his death by poison. Some generations later, in 
the time of the Emperor Muhammad Shah, the second Jai Singh was famous, 
not only as a warrior, but also as an astronomer. He built observatories at 
Jaipur (to which place he removed his capital from the hills of Amber, five 
miles off), Delhi, Benares, Muttra, and Ujjain. After the death of the Raja 
Jai Singh II., the subsequent history of the family is much occupied with 
leagues with Udaipur and Jodhpur against the Imperial Power, with contests 
with Jodhpur for the honour of marrying a Princess of Udaipur, with Rajput 
rivalries and defections, and with Mahratta raids. In order to regain the 
privilege of marrying Princesses of the House of Udaipur — which honour 
they had forfeited by marrying a daughter to the Mughal Emperor — the 
Rajas of Jaipur agreed that the issue of a marriage with an Udaipur Princess 
should succeed to the Raj even before an elder brother by another Rani ; 
and this promise, coupled with the rivalry of the Rajas of Jodhpur for the 
same privilege, produced endless troubles and disasters. In the time of the 
Raja Jagat Singh, Amir Khan, the notorious Pindari leader (afterwards Nawab 
of Tonk), sided first with the Raja of Jaipur against Jodhpur, and then with 
the Raja of Jodhpur against Jaipur ; and devastated each country in turn. 
At last, in 1818, the British Government intervened; took the Jaipur State 
under its protection, and the Raja became one of the great feudatories. 

The late Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh succeeded to the gadi in 1835. 
He rendered excellent service throughout the Mutiny of 1857, and again in 
the famine of 1868. As a reward, he twice received an increase to his 
salute; he was created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted 
Order of the Star of India ; and on the occasion of the Imperial Assemblage 
at Delhi, on the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India, he was appointed a Councillor of the Empire, and received a suitable 
addition to his titles and territory. The banner of His Highness that was 
unfurled at Delhi on that auspicious occasion was exceedingly interesting, as 
showing the close approximation of Rajput and European heraldic devices ; 
for the Rajput Pancharanga was properly rendered as " A Barry of 5 — gules, 
vert, argent, azure, or " ; and the solar lineage of the Kachhwaha Prince was 
indicated by the device " In chief a Sun in its splendour." The late 
Maharaja died in 1880 ; and was succeeded by his adopted son, a scion of 
the Kachhwaha race, the present Maharaja. 

The area of the State is 14,465 square miles; and its population 
2,534,357, chiefly Hindus, but including more than 170,000 Muhammadans 
and nearly 50,000 Jains. Jaipur is therefore larger than either Holland or 
Belgium, and more populous than Greece. The Maharaja maintains a 
military force of 3578 cavalry, 16,099 infantry, and 281 guns; and is 
entitled to a salute of 19 guns (including 2 guns personal). There are 
many Rajput Chiefs who are feudatories of His Highness. 

Arms. — Barry of 5, gules, vert, argent, azure, or; in chief a Sun in its 
splendour. Crest. — A kuchnar tree proper, bearing cinquefoils argent. Sup- 
porters. — A tiger and a white horse. Motto. — " Jato Dharma Stato Jayo." 

Residence. — Jaipur, Rdjputdna. 



204 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



JAISALMIR, HIS HIGHNESS MAHAEAWAL SALIVAHAN 
BAHADUR, Mahdrdwal of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Bom 1886; succeeded to the gadt as a minor 12th April 1891. Is the 
Chief of the Jadu Bhatti Rajputs, claiming direct descent from the divine 
Krishna, and undoubtedly boasting a lineage hardly less ancient than that of 
the great Maharana of Udaipur himself The tribe takes its name from 
Bhati, who was its leader in very remote ages, when settled in the Punjab ; 
whence it appears to have been driven by conquerors from Ghazni, and to 
have gone to the oasis of the Great Indian Desert, which it has ever since 
inhabited. Deoraj, born in 836 a.d., was the first to take the title of Rawal, 
and he founded the city of Deorawal. One of his descendants, the Rawal 
Jaisal, founded the city of Jaisalmir, and built a strong fort there, about the 
year 1156 a.d. More than a century later, when Mulraj II. was Rawal, 
Jaisalmir was captured and sacked by the Moslem troops of the Emperor 
Ald-ud-din, in 1294 a.d., after a siege that had lasted eight years; and this 
was the occasion of one of the great Sakas so famous in Rajput history — 
when Mulrdj and his warriors, having slain all their women and children, 
cased themselves in armour, put on the saffron robe, bound the mor or 
nuptial crown on their heads, and then sword in hand sallied forth to die 
amid the slaughtered heaps of the foe. Again a similar disaster befell the 
city in 1306 a.d., not long after it had been repaired by the Rawal Dudu. 
Finally, in the reign of the Rdwal Sabal Singh, the brave Bhattis were com- 
pelled to become feudatories of the Emperor Shih Jahan. Outlying pro- 
vinces were subsequently wrested from them by the neighbouring States of 
Jodhpur and Bikanir ; till at length in 1 8 1 8, under the rule of the Rdwal 
Mulraj, the State came under the protection and control of the British Power, 
and has enjoyed the blessings of peace. On the death of the Rawal Ranjit 
Singh, his younger brother, the late Mahdrdwal Bairi Sal, succeeded to the 
gadi in 1864 ; and he was succeeded in 1891 by the present Mahdrdwal. 

The area of Jaisalmir is 16,447 square miles; its population about 109,000, 
chiefly Hindus, but including about 28,000 Muhammadans. In extent it may 
be compared with Switzerland or Holland ; but is larger than either. His 
Highness maintains a military force of 140 cavalry, 353 infantry^ and 25 
guns ; and is entitled to a salute of 1 5 guns. 

Residence. — Jaisalmir, Rdjputdna. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 205 

JAISINGH RAO ANGRIA, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24tli May 1889. 
Residence. — Baroda. 

JALAL-UD-DIN, KAZI, Khdn Bahddur. 
An Extra Assistant Commissioner in Baluchistan. Granted the title of 
Khan Bahddur, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893. 
Residence. — Quetta, Baluchistdn. 

JALAL-UD-DIN, SHAIKH, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty's reign. 
Residence. — Kamdl, Punjab. 

JALAM SINGH (of Amoda), Rdwat. 

The title is hereditary ; and the present Rawat succeeded to the title and 
estates on the death of his father, the late Rawat Lakshmi Singh of Amoda. 
Belongs to a Tuar Rajput family, descended from Jet Singh. 

Residence. — Amoda, Nim^r, Central Provinces. 

JALIA DEVANI, JARBJA MANSINGHJI, Tdlukddrof. 
A Ruling Chief. 
Born 1852 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 31st December 1868. 
Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. The area of the State is about 36 
square miles; its population 2383, chiefly Hindus. The Talukdar maintains 
a military force of 4 cavalry and 3 5 infantry. 
Residence. — Jdlia Devini, Kdthidw^r, Bombay. 

JAM KHAN walad MUHAMMAD KHAN, Mir. 
The title is hereditary, the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs 
who were Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 

JAMIAT SINGH (of Ghoriwaha), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary, the Sardar being of a Jat family, descended from 
Sardar Sukha Singh, who in 1759 established his power at Ghoriwaha in the 
Hoshiarpur district. The family subsequently fell under the power of the 
Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore. Sukha Singh's grandson was the Sardar 
Partab Singh, father of the present Sardar. 

Residence. — Hoshidrpur, Punjab. 

JAMKHANDI, RAM CHANDRA RAO GOPAL, Chief of . 

A RuHng Chief. 
The Chief of Jamkhandi also bears the name of Appa Sahib Patwardhan. 
Born 1834; succeeded to the gadi as a minor i8th November 1840. 
Belongs to a Brahman (Hindu) family. The area of his State is 492 square 
miles; its population is 83,917, chiefly Hindus, but including 7628 Muham- 
madans. The Chief maintains a military force of 52 cavalry, 943 infantry, 
and I gun. 

Residence. — Jamkhandi, Southern Mahratta Country, Bombay. 



2o6 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



JAMMU AND KASHMIR, COLONEL HIS HIGHNESS MAHA- 
RAJA PARTAB SINGH INDAR MAHINDAR BAHADUR 
SIPAR-I-SALTANAT, G.O.S.I., Mahdrdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1850; succeeded to the gadi 12th September 1885. Is the son 
of the late Maharaja Ranbhir Singh, G. C.S.I. ; and grandson of the late 
Maharaja Ghulab Singh, the founder of the dynasty, who was constituted 
Feudatory Chief of the hill-territories east of the Indus and west of the Ravi 
(with certain specified exceptions) by the treaty of March 1846, concluded 
after the close of the first Sikh war. Belongs to a Dogra or Jamwal Rajput 
family (Hindu) of ancient lineage, claiming descent from that of the former 
Rajas of Jammu. The Maharaja Ghulab Singh was the great-grandson of 
the Raja Dharabdeo ; and a grandson of the Mian Jorawar Singh, who was a 
brother of Raja Ranjit Deo. He began life as a cavalry soldier, and became 
a trusted officer under Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore, who conferred on 
him the principality of Jammu. At the outbreak of the first Sikh war he 
had been elected Minister of the Khalsa, and was one of the most con- 
spicuous Sikh leaders ; and after the battle of Sobraon he negotiated a 
separate treaty with the British Power, by which he acquired the Feudal 
Chiefship of jammu and Kashmir on payment of a sum of 75 lakhs of 
rupees. In the Mutiny of 1857 he rendered excellent service, and sent 
a contingent to Delhi. He died in August 1857, and was succeeded by 
his third and only surviving son, the late Maharaja Ranbhir Singh, G.C.S.I., 
who was a munificent patron of learning, and did good service in connection 
with the British Mission to Yarkand. He had the distinguished honour of 
receiving His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales at Jammu in 1876; he 
also had his salute raised to 21 guns, by the addition of 2 guns as a 
personal distinction. In January 1877, on the occasion of the Proclama- 
tion of Her Majesty as Empress of India, he was gazetted a General in the 
Army, and created a Councillor of the Empress. The Maharaja died on 
1 2th September 1885, and was succeeded by his eldest son, the present 
Maharaja, who was created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted 
Order of the Star of India on 25th May 1892. The area of his State is 
79,784 square miles; and its population is about 1,500,000, including 
nearly a million Muhammadans, about half-a-million Hindus, and over 
20,000 Buddhists. In point of area, the State is more than double the 
combined area of Bavaria and Saxony, and equal to that of any three or four 
of the smaller European kingdoms put together. His Highness maintains a 
military force of about 8000 cavalry and infantry, and 288 guns; and is 
entitled to a salute of 2 1 guns within the limits of the State, and to one of 1 9 
guns in the rest of India. 

Residence. — Srinagar, Kashmir ; and Jammu, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



207 



JAMNIA, BHUMIA HAMIR SINGH, Bhumia of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1855 ; succeeded to the gadi in 1863 as a minor. Belongs to a 
Bhilala family — the Bhilalas being reputed to spring from the intermarriage 
of Rajputs and Bhils. The founder of the family was Nadir Singh, a famous 
Bhumia of Jamnia. 

Residence. — Kunjrod, Jdmnia, Bhopdwar, Central India. 

JAMSHEDJI DHANJIBHAI WADIA, KMn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. 

Residence. — Bombay. 

JAMSHEDJI PRAMJI PALKIWALA, Khan Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1883. 
Residence. — Bombay. 

JAMSHEDJI RUSTAMJI, Khdn Saheb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i8th August 1881. 
Residence. — Bombay. 

JAN MUHAMMAD WALI ALI MUHAMMAD KHAN, Mtr. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs 
who were Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 
Residence. — Sind. 




The Santak of the Chauhan 
Rajputs, called Cltakra, used 
in the seal and for signature. 

(A circle with four Trisulas or 
Tridents as radii at the car- 
dinal points.) 



JANAK PRITA, Rani. 

The title is hereditary, the Rani being the last 
surviving Rani of the late Raja Narayan Singh of 
Sambalpur. The Rajas of Sambalpur were Chauhan 
Rajputs of very ancient lineage. Balram Das 
Chauhan conquered Sambalpur about the year 
1445 ; and left it to his elder son Raja Hirda 
Narayan, while his younger son became Raja of 
Sonpur (q.v.) The Chauhan device is the chakra 
— a circle with four tridents {trisul) as radii, pointing 
north, east, south, and west, as shown in the 
margin. The Rani uses this device on her seal, 
and for signature. 

Residence. — Sambalpur, Central Provinces. 



2o8 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



JANAKI BALLABH SEN (of Dimla), Rdjd. 

The title was conferred "for liberality and public spirit," on ist January 
1891. 

Residence. — Dimla, Kangpur, Bengal. 



JANG BAHADUR KHAN, CLE. (of Nanpara), Rdjd. 

Born 1845. The title is hereditary ; and the Raja succeeded his father, 
the late Raja Munawar Ali Khan, in 1847. Belongs to a Pathdn family, 
descended from Rasul Khan, Togh Pathdn, a Risaldar in the service of the 
Emperor Shdh Jahdn, who in 1632 sent him to Salondbdd to coerce the 
Banjaras who had overrun the jdgir of Salona Begam, the wife of Prince 
Ddrd. For his performance of this duty he received the grant of Nanpara. 
In 1763 his descendant Karam Khdn of Nanpara obtained the title of Raja 
from the Nawab Shuja-ud-dauld. The present Rajd was created a Companion 
of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire in 1886. He is an 
Honorary Magistrate ; and has a son and heir named Muhammad Sadiq 
Khan, born 1870. 

Residence. — Bahraich, Gudh. 



JANI BIHARI LAL, DIWAN, Rao Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty's reign. 
Residence. — Bhartpur, Rdjputdna. 

JANJIEA, NAWAB SIDI AHMAD KHAN, Nawdb of. 
A Ruling Prince. 

Born 1863 ; succeeded to the gadi 28th January 1879. Belongs to an 
Abyssinian family of Sunni Muhammadans, claiming descent from Sidi 
Sarul Khdn. The family were Abyssinian admirals of the fleet of the 
Muhammadan kings of Bijapur, who in 1670 transferred their allegiance 
to the Emperor of Delhi, Aurangzeb. The Mahrattas often tried to conquer 
the island of Janjira ; but were always successfully resisted. The Nawdb is 
also Chief of Jafarabad, a small State in Kdthiawar. The area of the State 
is 324 square miles; its population is 76,361, chiefly Hindus, but including 
13,912 Muhammadans. The Nawab maintains a military force of 310 
infantry and 179 guns ; and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. 

Residence. — Janjira, Koldba, Bombay. 



JANJIT alias NANBI RAJA (of Darri), Sawai. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Sdgar, Central Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 209 



JANKI (of Pamakheri), Thdkur. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Sdgar, Central Provinces. 

JANKI KUNWAR (of Paraspur), Rdni. 

Born 1839. The title is hereditary; the Rani succeeded her late 
husband, Raja Randhir Singh, on i6th June 1878. The head of the family 
is the chief of the six Thakurs of Chhedwara, famous for their turbulence 
in the times before the annexation of Oudh. They claim descent from the 
Kalhans Rajis of Khurdsa, through Maharaj Singh, second son of Achal 
Narayan Singh. A descendant, named Newal Singh, obtained the title of 
Raja while on a visit to the Court at Delhi ; and it was recognised as 
hereditary in favour of the late Raja, Randhir Singh. The Rani's son and 
heir is Bikramajit Singh. 

Residence. — Paraspur, Gonda, Oudh. 



JAORA, MAJOR HIS HIGHNESS .IHTISHAM UD - DAULA 
NAWAB MUHAMMAD ISMAIL KHAN BAHADUR PIROZ 
JANG, Nawdb of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 185s ; succeeded to the gadi 30th April 1865 as a minor. 
Belongs to a Pathan (Muhammadan) family, descended from Nawab Ghafur 
Khan, an Afghan of the Swati tribe, brother-in-law of the famous Amir Khan 
of Tonk, whom he represented at Holkar's Court. After the battle of 
Mehidpur, Nawab Ghafur Khan, being in possession of this territory as a 
grant from Holkar, was confirmed by the British Government. The present 
Nawab has been appointed an Honorary Major in the British Army. The 
State, which is feudatory to Indore, has an area of 581 square miles ; and a 
population of 119,945, chiefly Hindus, but including 13,318 Muhammadans 
and over 2000 Jains. His Highness maintains a military force of 63 cavalry, 
177 infantry, and 1 5 guns ; and is entitled to a salute of 1 3 guns. Jaora, 
the capital of the State, is a station on the Rajputana-Malwa railway. The 
Nawab has a son and heir named Muhammad Sher Ali Khan. 

Residence. — Jaora, M^lwi, Central India. 



JASDAN, KHACHAR ALA CHELA, Chief of . 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1833; succeeded to the gadi in 1852. Belongs to a Kathi 
(Hindu) family. The State, which is tributary to Baroda and Junagarh, 
contains an area of 283 square miles; and a population of 29,037, chiefly 
Hindus. The Chief maintains a military force of 60 cavalry, 354 infantry, 
and 5 guns. 

Residence. — Jasdin, Kd.thid.wir, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



JASHPUR, RAJA PRATAP NARAYAN SINGH DEO 
BAfiADUR, C.I.B., Rdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1822 ; succeeded to the gadi 24th October 1845. Belongs to a 
Kshatriya (Rajput) family, formerly feudatories of the Mahrattas of Nagpur, 
that came under British control in 1818. Rendered good service in the 
military operations in 1857 against the mutineers and rebels in Udaipur and 
Palamau. Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the 
Indian Empire, 2 ist May 1890. The area of the State is 1947 square miles ; 
its population is 90,240, chiefly Hindus. The Raja has a military force of 
2 guns. 

Residence. — Jashpur, Chota NAgpur, Bengal. 

JASMBR SINGH, Sarddr. 

Born 1848. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Jat family, descended 
from Sardar Gurbaksh Singh, who acquired the territory of Thol Thangor, in 
the Ambala district of the Punjab, by conquest in 1759 a.d. During the 
Sikh rebellion of 1848-49, and again in the Mutiny of 1857, this family 
rendered good service to Government, and were rewarded for the latter 
service. On the death of Sardar Jawahir Singh, he was succeeded by his 
two sons, the present Sarddrs— Kishan Singh and Jasmer Singh of Thol 
Thangor. The Sardar Jasmer Singh has two sons — Ram Nariyan Singh 
(born 1863) and Sheo Narayan Singh. 

Residence. — Thol Thangor, Ambala, Punjab. 

JASO, DIWAN JAGATRAJ, JAGIRDAR, Diwdn of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born i860 ; succeeded to the gadi 7th July 1889. Belongs to the great 
Bundela Rijput family, descended from the founder of the Orchha State that 
has given ruling families to Panna, Dattia, Ajaigarh, Charkhari, and most of 
the other States of Bundelkhand. Bhartichand, the founder of the Jaso 
State, was the fourth son of the Mahdrija Chhatrasal ; and his great-grandson, 
Diwan Murat Singh, received a sanad from the British Government in 18 16. 
The Diwan Bhopal Singh received the additional title of Bahddur as a 
personal distinction, at the Imperial Assemblage of Delhi on the occasion of 
the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. The 
area of the State is 75 square miles ; its population over 80,000, chiefly 
Hindus. The Diwan maintains a military force of 2 horsemen, 60 infantry, 
and 4 guns. 

Residence. — Jaso, Bundelkhand, Central India. 

JASWANT RAI, Rat Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign, in consideration of eminent 
services in the Army Medical Department. 

Residence. — Sh^hpur, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



JASWANT SINGH (of Nurpur), Rdjd. 

Born 1836. The title is hereditary. Nurpur is a hill principality to the 
west of Guler. The Rdja belongs to a Rajput family, descended from Jit 
Pal, who came from Delhi about 700 years ago, and established himself at 
Pathdnkot. Subsequently the family removed to the hills; and Nurpur 
became their capital in the time of Raji Basu, about the year 1 640 a.d. At 
the time of the conquests of the Mahdraja Ranjit Singh of Lahore, Rajd Bir, 
father of the present Rajd, was Riji of Nurpur. He endeavoured to resist 
Ranjit Singh; but being compelled to take refuge in Chamba, was given up 
by the Raja of Chamba, and imprisoned in the fortress of Gobindgarh. 
Subsequently he was ransomed by his brother-in-law, Sardir Charat Singh, 
for Rs.85,000 ; and in 1846 raised the standard of revolt, besieged 
Nurpur, and died before its walls. He was succeeded by the present Rija, 
who has received a large grant from the British Government. 

Residence. — Nurpur, Kingra, Punjab. 



JATH, AMRITRAO RAO SAHBB DXPBJjm, Jdgirddr of . 
A Ruhng Chief. 

Born 1835 ; succeeded to the gadi 28th July 1841 as a minor. Belongs 
to a Mahratta (Hindu) family. The late Jagirdar, Ramrao, died in 1841 
without issue; whereon his widow, Bhagirthibai, adopted Amritrao, the 
present Jigirdar. The Daphle is also Chief of Karasgi ; and the jdgir of 
Daphlapur (or Daflipur) is also really a part of this State, and will revert to 
it on the demise of the three widows of the late Chief. The founder of the 
Jath State was the hereditary pdiel, or headman, of Daflapur village. The 
area of the State is 884 square miles; its population is 49,491, chiefly 
Hindus, but including 2842 Muhammadans. 

Residence. — Jath, Bijdpur, Bombay. 

JAWAHIR LAL, LALA, Hat Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence. — India. 

JAWAHIR SINGH (of Chamdri), Rao. 
Born 1845. The title is hereditary, having been originally granted by 
the Raji Mori Pahlodh of Chanderi, and subsequently confirmed under 
British rule. 

Residence. — Chamdri, Sdgar, Central Provinces. 

JAWASIA, RAWAT LAL SINGH, Rdwat of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1858; succeeded to the gadi in 1882. Belongs to a Rajput 
(Hindu) family. The population of the State is about 607, chiefly Hindus. 
Residence. — ^Jawisia, Western Mdlwi, Central India. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



JAWHAR, PATANGSHAH VIKRAMSHAH MUKNI, Rdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1855 ; succeeded to the ^a^/ 29th June 1866 asaminor. Belongs 
to a Koli (Hindu) family, descended from Jaya Mukni, a freebooter who 
possessed himself of this territory about 1335. His son, Nim Shdh, obtained 
the title of Rdja from the Emperor of Delhi in the year 1341. The late 
Rdja Vikrimshah died in 1865 ; and his widow, the Rani Lakshmibai Saheb, 
adopted the present Rija, who was then called Malhar Rao, son of Madhav- 
rao Dewrao Mukni, a descendant of Rdji Krishnd, Shih, ninth Rajd of Jawhdr. 
The State has an area of 534 square miles; and a population of 48,556, 
chiefly Hindus. The Raji maintains a military force of 8 cavalry and 25 
infantry. The family cognisance is an arrow, barbed, point downward. 

Residence. — Jawhir, Th^na, Bombay. 



JEJEEBHOY, SIR JAMSBTJBE, Baronet, C.S.I. 

Born 3rd March 1851 ; succeeded his father, the late Sir Jamsetjee 
Jejeebhoy, second Baronet, in 1877 ; when (in accordance with the special 
Act of the Indian Legislature of i860) he assumed 
the name of Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy in lieu of Manekjee 
Cursetjee. Is the third Baronet ; and has been 
created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of 
the Star of India. Is a merchant of the city of 
Bombay, a Magistrate, and Member of the Legis- 
lative Council of Bombay. Belongs to a family 
that has long been regarded as the leaders of the 
Parsi community of Western India. The first 
Baronet, Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy, K.C.B., of Bom- 
bay, was so created in 1857, in recognition of his 
unbounded munificence and public spirit, and of 
his undoubted loyalty. His very great wealth was 
used in promoting the good of others; and the second 
Baronet, who died in 1877, also earned a similar 
reputation for benevolence and liberality. In i860, the special Act of the 
Indian Legislature, referred to above, was passed with the sanction of Her 
Most Gracious Majesty, enacting that all future holders of the title, on 
succeeding to it, shall relinquish their own names and assume those of the 
first Baronet. The present Baronet, in 1869, married Jerbai, daughter of 
Shapurji Dhanjibhai, Esq. ; and has a son and heir, Cursetjee, born nth 
November 1878. Sir Jamsetjee's brothers are: (i) Cowasjee Cursetjee, born 
25th November 1852, married, in 1869, Gulbai Rustamji Wadia ; and (2) 
Jamsetjee Cursetjee, born i860, married, 1882, Awabai Shapurji Dhanjibhai. 
The family arms are azure, a sun rising above a representation of the 
Ghats (mountains near Bombay) in base, and in chief two bees volant, all 
proper. The crest is a mount vert, thereon a peacock amidst wheat, and 
in the beak an ear of wheat, all proper. 

Re.ndence. — Mazagon Castle, Bombay. 




THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 213 

JBTPUR, AZAM VALA LAKSHMAN MBRAN, Idlukddr of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1849; succeeded to the gadi 17th September 1883. Jointly 
rules Jetpur with several other Talukdirs. The State is tributary to Baroda 
and Junigarh. 

Residence. — Jetpur, Kdthidwd.r, Bombay. 

JBTPUR, AZAM VALA SURAG GANGA, Tdlukddr of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1799; succeeded to the gadi 1st September 1847. Joint- 
Talukdar of Jetpur with several others. 

Residence. — Jetpur, Kithidwdr, Bombay. 



JBTPUR, AZAM VALA NAJA KALA DEODAN, Tdlukddr of. 

A Ruling Chief 

Born 1865 ; succeeded to the gadiiifii June 1890. Is Joint-Talukdar 
of Jetpur with several others. 

Residence. — Jetpur, KdthidwSr, Bombay. 



JHABUA, HIS HIGHNESS RAJA GOPAL SINGH, Rdjd of 

A Ruling Chief 

Born 22nd February 1841 ; succeeded to the ^a^f/ as a minor in October 
1 84 1. Belongs to the great Rathor Rajput family of the Maharajas of 
Jodhpur, Idar, etc. The title of Raja was bestowed on Kishan Das, a 
remote ancestor of the present Raja, by Ala-ud-din, the Emperor of Delhi, 
as a reward for a successful campaign in Bengal, and for punishing the Bhil 
Chiefs of Jhabua, who had murdered an Imperial Viceroy of Gujarat. The 
State, which was at one time tributary to Indore, has an area of 1336 square 
miles; and a population of 92,938, chiefly Hindus, but including nearly 
50,000 belonging to the aboriginal Bhil and other tribes. The State flag is 
red. The Raja maintains a military force of 64 cavahy, 253 infantry, and 
4 guns ; and is entitled to a salute of 11 guns. 

Residence. — Jhabua, Bhopdwar, Central India. 



JHALARIA, Thdkur of. See Jhalera. 



214 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



JHALAWAR, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAJ RANA ZALIM 
SINGH, BAHADUR, Mahdrdj Rdnd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1864 ; succeeded to the gadi 24th June 1876 as a minor. Is a 
Chief of the Jhala Rijputs, whose ancestors came from Jhaliwar in Kdthia- 
war. In 1709 a.d. Bhao Singh, a younger son of the Chief of Halwad in 
Kd,thid,w£r, took some retainers with him and went to Delhi. His son 
Madhu Singh rose to high favour and rank in the service of the Mahdrd,ja of 
Kotah ; his sister was married to the heir, and his descendants thus acquired 
the title of Mamd (" maternal uncle ") in Kotah. Ultimately, in 1838, a portion 
of the State of Kotah was cut off, with the consent of the Maharaja and of 
the British Government, and erected into the State of Jhalawar, under one 
of Madhu Singh's descendants, Madan Singh, son of Zalim Singh, who had 
long been the successful administrator of Kotah. Madan Singh received the 
title of Mahardj Rin£ His son, Prithi Singh, did good service during the 
Mutiny ; and was succeeded in 1 8 7 6 by his adopted son, the present Mahdraj 
Rdna, as a minor. His Highness was educated at Mayo College, Ajmir; 
and was invested with full powers of government on attaining his majority in 
1884. The State has an area of 2694 square miles; and a population of 
340,488, chiefly Hindus, but including 20,863 Muhammadans. His High- 
ness maintains a military force of 403 cavalry, 3873 infantry, and 94 guns ; 
and is entitled to a salute of 1 5 guns. 

Residence. — Jhalra Patan, Rijputdna. 



JHALERA, THAKUR HATTB SINGH, Thdkurof. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1858 ; succeeded to the gadi 22nd May 1884. This is a Girdda 
State, connected with Gwalior. 

Residence. — Jhalera, Bhopdl, Central India. 



JHARI GHARKHADI, NAIE SUKRONA walad 
CHAMBARYA RESHMA, Chief of. 

Born 1850. Belongs to a Bhil (aboriginal) family. The State (which is 
one of the Dang States of Khandesh) has an area of 8 square miles ; and a 
population of 167, chiefly Bhils. 

Residence. — Jhari Gharkhadi, Khdndesh, Bombay. 

JIGNI, RAO LAKSHMAN SINGH BAHADUR, Rao of 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born i860; succeeded to the gadi a.s a minor 16th September 1871. 
Belongs to the great Bundela Rajput family, descended from the founder of 
the Orchha State, which has given ruling families to Panna, Dattia, Ajaigarh, 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 215 

Charkhari, Jaso, and most of the States of Bundelkhand. The founder of 
Jigni was the Rao Padam Singh, one of the sons of the great Maharaja 
ChhatarsaL His great-grandson was the Rao Prithi Singh, who received a 
sanad from the British Government in 1810. His grandson by adoption 
(being adopted from the kindred ruhng family of Panna) is the present Rao, 
who received the additional title of Bahadur at the Imperial Assemblage of 
Delhi, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as 
Empress of India. The area of the State is 2 2 square miles : its population 
is 3427, chiefly Hindus. The Rao Bahadur maintains a military force of 47 
infantry and 3 guns. 

Residence. — Jigni, Bundelkhand, Central India. 



JIND, HIS HIGHNESS PAEZAND-I-DILBAND RASIKH-UL- 
ITIKAD DAULAT-I-INGLISHIA RAJA-I-RAJAG-AN RAJA 
RANBHIR SINGH BAHADUR, Rdjd Bahddur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1878 ; succeeded to the gadt as a minor 7th March 1887. Belongs 
to the famous Phulkian family of Sidhu Jats, descended from Phul, the 
common ancestor of the ruling families of Patiala, Jind, Nabha, and other 
Punjab States. Phul was twenty-ninth in descent from the Rawal Jaisal 
Singh, the head of the Jadu Bhati Rajputs, who founded Jaisalmir in 
1 1 56 A.D. A great-grandson of Phul, named Gajpat Singh, obtained the title 
of Raja of Jind from Shah Alam, Emperor of Delhi in 1772. His son. 
Raja Bhag Singh, aided Lord Lake in his pursuit of Holkar in 1805, and 
was accordingly confirmed by the British Government in his possessions. In 
1857 Raja Sarup Singh of Jind was the first to march against the mutineers 
of Delhi ; and he and his troops took a prominent part in the siege and 
capture of the city, for which services he received large extensions of his ter- 
ritory. He died in 1864, and was succeeded by his son, the Raja Ragbir 
Singh, who was created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted 
Order of the Star of India; and at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi, ist 
January 1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious 
Majesty as Empress of India, he was appointed a Councillor of the Empress. 
The present Raja succeeded in 1887. The area of his State is 1259 square 
miles; and its population is 249,862, chiefly Hindus, but including 34,247 
Muhammadans and 4335 Sikhs. His Highness maintains a military force 
of 379 cavalry, 1571 infantry, and 12 guns ; and is entitled to a salute of 11 
guns. 

Residence. — Jind, Punjab. 



JIND "WADO walad AMIR ALI KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a representative of one of the 
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 

Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 



2i6 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



JIT SINGH (of Maheru), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Jat family, descended from Sardar 
Rdmdis Singh and Sardar Gurdds Singh, two brothers, who took possession 
of Maheru at the time of the decline of the Mughal Power. In 1799 A.D., 
when the Maharaji Ranjit Singh became all-powerful in the Punjab, Sarddr 
Charat Singh of Maheru made his submission to him, and retained his pos- 
sessions. His son, Sarddr Jawahir Singh, succeeded, and was confirmed in 
eleven villages. But on his death, and the succession of Sarddr Jaimal 
Singh, these were resumed with the exception of Maheru. The Sarddr 
Jaimal Singh did good service in the time of the Mutiny in 1857, and on his 
death was succeeded by the present Sarddr. 

Residence. — Maheru, Jdlandhar, Punjab. 

JIWAN SINGH, C.I.B. (of Buruja), Sarddr. 

Born 1842. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Jat family, descended 
from Sardar Ndnu Singh, who came from Jhawal Mandan, in the Manjha or 
central tract of the Punjab, in 1759 A.D., and took possession of Buruja and 
the surrounding territory. The present Sarddr did good service, both in the 
war of 1845-46, when he was a minor, and also in the Mutiny of 1857. For 
the latter he received a considerable reward. He has a son and heir, named 
Gajindar Singh. 

Residence. — Ambdla, Punjab. 

JIWAN SINGH, C.S.I. (of SMhzddpur), Sarddr. 

Born i860. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Jat (Sindhu) family, 
descended from Sarddr Dip Singh, who was the Mahant of the " Damdama 
Saheb," or resting-place, which was the retreat of the Guru Govind Singh, the 
tenth and last Sikh Guru, after his defeat by the Imperial army of Delhi. A 
large number of Sikhs assembled around Dip Singh, who was ultimately slain 
in a battle with the Governor of Lahore. Dip Singh was succeeded by 
Sudha Singh, who fell in a battle with the Governor of Jdlandhar, and has 
always been known among Sikhs as " Shahid," or the Martyr, which became 
a family name. His successor was Sarddr Karam Singh, who took possession 
of some territory in the Singhpura district, which, with the other Cis-Sutlej 
territories, came under British control in 1808-9. Sarddr Sheo Kirpal Singh, 
Shahid, did good service in the time of the Mutiny of 1857, and was re- 
warded by Government ; and his son is the present Sardar, who was created 
a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India on ist January 
T891. 

Residence. — Shdhzddpur, Ambdia, Punjab. 

JIWAN SINGH (of Atari), Sarddr. 

Born 1835. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Sidhu Jat (Rajput) 
family, descended from Kanh Chand. His great-grandson was the famous 
Sarddr Shdm Singh, whose daughter was betrothed to the Prince Nau Nihdl 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 217 

Singh, grandson of the Mahdrajd Ranjit Singh. When the Sikh army in- 
vaded the Cis-Sutlej territory, Sardar Shdm Singh disapproved of the war, but 
being reproached with his inaction he joined the camp, and fell in battle in 
1846. His sons were Sardar Thakur Singh and Sardir Kanh Singh, and 
after the annexation much of the family estate was confirmed to the latter. 
He died without issue in 1872, and his estates were allowed to devolve on 
Sarddr Ajit Singh, son of Sardir Thakur Singh, and a younger brother of the 
Sardar Jiwan Singh. The latter is the eldest son of the late Sardar Thdkur 
Singh. He has two sons, named Partib Singh and Changa Singh. 
Residence. — Atdri, Amritsar, Punjab. 



JIWAN SINGH, THAKUR (of Jakhnoda), Rao Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence. — Alirdjpur, Central India. 

JOBAT, RANA SARUP SINGH, Rdnd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1866 ; succeeded to the gadi in 1874 as a minor. Belongs to the 
R^htor tribe of Rajputs (Hindu) ; occupies a fort picturesquely situated on 
the summit of a steep rocky hill, shut in on three sides by forest-clad moun- 
tains, and overlooking the town of Jobat. The area of the State is 132 
square miles; its population 9387, chiefly Hindus, but including 3916 
belonging to Bhil and other aboriginal tribes. The Rana maintains a mili- 
tary force of 5 cavalry and 44 infantry. 

Residence. — Jobat, Bhopiwar, Central India. 

JODH SINGH (of Chapa), Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Amritsar, Punjab. 

JODHA SINHA (of Kakhauta), Rao. 

Born 1838. The title is hereditary. The Rao belongs to an old Sengar 
family, who settled in Pargand Auraiya in Etawah. He has a son and heir, 
named Lala Guman Singh, born 27th February 1870. 

Residence. — Kakhauta, Etdwah, North- Western Provinces. 



2l8 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 




JODHPUR, HIS HIGHNESS SIR JASWANT SINGH 
BAHADUR, G.C.S.I., Mahdrdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Bom 1837; succeeded to the gadi 13th February 1873. Is the Chief 
of the great RAhtor tribe or clan of the Rijputs, claiming direct descent 

from the legendary hero Rdma, and, like 
the Sesodias of Udaipur and the Kachhwdhas 
of Jaipur, representing the royal line of the 
Surya Vansa or Solar race. His full titles 
are — His Highness Rdj Rajeshwar Mahardj- 
Adhiraj Sir Jaswant Singh, Bahddur, Knight 
Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order 
of the Star of India. The proper name of 
the State, the capital of which is Jodhpur 
(from the, name of its founder), is Mirwdr 
— anciently Marusthdn, " the land of death," 
a term applied formerly not only to the 
country of Marwar, but to the whole of the 
Great Indian Desert from the Sutlej to the 
Indian Ocean. Tod, in his learned Annals 
of Rdjdsthdn, says of the family of the 
Jodhpur Mahiraja — " It requires neither Bhat nor Bard to illustrate its 
nobility ; a series of splendid deeds which time cannot obliterate has 
emblazoned the Rahtor name on the historical tablet. Where all these 
races have gained a place in the Temple of Fame it is almost invidious 
to select, but truth compels me to place the Rahtor with the Chauhan 
on the very pinnacle." In Tod's work the Annals of Mdrwdr occupy a 
place only second to those of Mewar (or Udaipur), and present a most in- 
teresting view of feudalism in India. Even to the present day the feudal 
Thakurs of Rajputana — feudatories of their Highnesses the Maharand, of 
Udaipur, the MaharAjas of Jodhpur and Jaipur, and the other Princes of this 
territory — are nobles of high account and great local power. Up to 
1 1 94 A.D. the Rahtor family were rulers of the vast Empire of Kanauj. The 
famous Jai Chand was the last King of Kanauj, and his grandson, Sivaji, 
migrated westward to Marwar. Scions of the family became rulers of Bikanir 
and Kishangarh in Rajputana, of Idar and Ahmadnagar in Gujarat, and else- 
where. Mandor, the ancient capital of Marwar, was conquered by Rao 
Chanda, who was tenth in descent from Sivaji, about the year 1382 a.d. 
His grandson Jodh, the eldest of twenty-four sons of Rinmal, moved the 
capital from Mandor to Jodhpur in 1459 a.d. After resisting the Emperor 
Babar and the Afghan Sher Shah, jodh ultimately had to submit to the 
Great Mughal, Akbar, and sent his son Udai Singh to take service at Delhi ; 
and ultimately Udai Singh's sister, the famous Jodh Bai, became the consort 
of the Mughal monarch. When Udai Singh's son. Raja Sur Singh, succeeded 
to the gadi of Jodhpur, he rose to high favour with his Imperial uncle, and 
was the general of Akbar's troops who added Gujarat and the Deccan to the 
Mughal Empire. His son, Raji Jaswant Singh, was the general whom the 
Emperor Shah Jahan sent against his rebellious son Aurangzeb, and was 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 219 

defeated by the latter. The successor of Jaswant Singh was a posthumous 
son, the famous Ajit Singh. In his time Aurangzeb in person attacked 
Rajputana, sacked jodhpur, and ordered the conversion of the Rajputs to 
Muhammadanism. But Ajit Singh formed a league with Udaipur and 
Jaipur, and the combined forces of the three great Rajput States held in 
check the armies of Aurangzeb. One stipulation of this league is famous, 
and was disastrous to Jodhpur and Jaipur by reason of the domestic feuds it 
caused. It was to the effect that the Jodhpur and Jaipur families, who had 
lost the privilege of marrying Princesses of Udaipur because they had given 
their own daughters to the Mughal Emperors, should recover this privilege, 
on condition that the issue of any marriage with an Udaipur Princess should 
succeed to the Raj before all other children. Ajit Singh was murdered by 
his son Bakht Singh, and heavy troubles thereafter befell the Rahtor family. 
There was a long war between the Rajas of Jaipur and Jodhpur, who were 
rival suitors for the hand of a Princess of Udaipur. Amir Khan, the great 
Pindari leader (afterwards Nawab of Tonk), took sides, first with Jaipur, then 
with Jodhpur, and plundered and utterly exhausted both States in turn. At 
last the British Government intervened, and by a treaty in 18 18 Jodhpur 
became a feudatory of the Paramount Power. Raja Man Singh died in 
1843, leaving no son, and the nobles and Court officials, with the consent of 
the British Government, elected Takht Singh, Raja of Ahmadnagar, a 
descendant of Ajit Singh, to the vacant gadi. The Raja Takht Singh did 
good service during the Mutiny of 1857. He died in 1873, and was suc- 
ceeded by the present Maharaja. His Highness has been created a Grand 
Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. The area of 
his State is 37,000 square miles ; its population is 1,750,403, chiefly Hindus, 
but including about 155,000 Muhammadans and about 172,000 Jains. In 
point of extent the Jodhpur State is larger than any of the smaller European 
States, and is somewhat larger than Bavaria and Saxony combined ; in popu- 
lation it surpasses the Grand Duchy of Baden. The Maharaja maintains a 
military force of 3162 cavalry, 3653 infantry, and 121 guns; and is entitled 
to a salute of 2 1 guns (including 4 guns personal). The family cognisance 
is the falcon, the sacred garur of the Solar Rajputs. The arms of His 
Highness, as displayed on the banner presented to him by the Empress of 
India at the Imperial Assemblage of Delhi in January 1877, on the occasion 
of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress, are shown 
in the margin. 

Residence. — Jodhpur, Rdjputdna. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



JOG-BSH CHANDRA CHATTARJI (of Anuliya, RAndghdt), 

Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. 

Residence. — Assam. 



JOGINDRA NATH RAI (of NAtor), Kumdr. 

The title is personal. The Kumar is the son of the late Raja Anan- 
danath Rai Bahadur, C.S.I. 

Residence. — Rijshdhi, Bengal. 



JOTINDRA MOHAN TAGOR, SIR, K.C.S.I., Mahdrdjd Bahddur. 

See Tagore. 



JUBBAL, RANA PADAM CHAND, Rdnd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1861 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 17th March 1877. 
Belongs to a Rahtor Rajput family {see Jodhpur), claiming descent from the 
ruling family of Sirmur, which preceded the present dynasty. Originally 
tributary to Sirmur, this State (which is one of the Simla Hill States) was 
freed by the British after the conclusion of the Gurkha war, and the Rana, 
Puran Singh, received a sanad from Lord Lake in 1 8 1 5. After great vicissi- 
tudes of fortune, Puran Singh (who had given up his State to the British 
Government) died in 1849, ^"d it was then resolved to restore the State to 
his son, Rana Karm Chand. The latter died in 1877, and was succeeded 
by his son, the present Rana. The area of the State is 257 square miles; 
its population is 19,196, chiefly Hindus. The Rana maintains a military 
force of 50 infantry. 

Residence. — Jubbal, Simla Hills, Punjab. 



JUMKHA, BBOHARBHA BARTAL, Chief of 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1836. Belongs to an aboriginal tribe. 
Residence. — Jumkha, Rewi Kdntha, Bombay. 

JUMMOO AND CASHMERE, 
His Highness the Mahdrdjd Bahddur of. See Jammu and Kashmir. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



JUNAGARH, HIS HIGHNESS SIR BAHADUR KHANJI 
MUHABAT KHANJI, G.C.I.B., Nawdb of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1856 ; succeeded to \.h.& gadi 29th September 1882. Belongs to a 
Babi Pathan (Muhammadan) family. Is ninth in succession from Sher Khan 
Babi, the founder of the State, who about the year 1735 expelled the Mughal 
Governor and established his own power. The late Nawab, Sir Muhabat 
Khanji, was created Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the 
Star of India in 1871. He died in 1882, and was succeeded by his son, 
the present Nawab, who was invested with the insignia of a Knight Grand 
Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on 20th 
November 1890. The area of the State is 3279 square miles; and its 
population is 387,499, chiefly Hindus, but including 76,401 Muhammadans. 
His Highness maintains a military force of 251 cavalry, 1972 infantry, and 
66 guns ; and is entitled to a salute of 11 guns. 

Residence. — Jundgarh, Kdthiiwdr, Bombay. 

JWALA PBRSHAD, Hai Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 7th January 1876. 
Residence. — Ujjain, Central India. 

JWALA SINGH (of Jharatili), Sarddr. 

Born 1846. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Sindhu Jat (Rajput) 
family, descended from Dip Singh, the Mahant of the " Damdama Saheb," 
or resting-place of the Guru Govind Singh (see Jiwan Singh, Shahid, Sardar). 
His successor, Sudha Singh, falling in battle with the Governor of Jalandhar, 
the family have since been known by the name of Shahid ("Martyr"). 
Sardar Jwala Singh, son of Sardar Jit Singh of Jharauli, is the present head 
of the Jharauli Shahids. He has two sons — Devindar Singh and Mohindar 
Singh. 

Residence. — Jharauli, Ambdia, Punjab. 

JWALA SINGH (of Wazirabad), Sarddr. 

Born 1822. The title is hereditary. The Sardar is the youngest son ot 
the Sardar Ganda Singh, who was in attendance on the Maharaja Sher Singh 
when that prince was assassinated, and was severely wounded in the 
endeavour to defend him. Sardar Ganda Singh was killed at the battle of 
Firuzshahr. Sardar Jwala Singh is an Honorary Magistrate. 

Residence. — Gujrdnwdia, Punjab. 

JYOTI PRASAD GARGA (of Maisadal), Rdjd. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890, for his 
" liberality and public spirit." The Raja is the present representative of 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



the Maisadal family. Their title of Raja is said to have been conferred by 
the old Nawabs of Bengal. The first Raja was the Raja Janardhan Upad- 
hyaya. Two ladies of this family at different periods — the Rani Janaki Devi 
and the Rani Mathura Devi — have been in charge of the Raj. The late 
Raja, Lakshman Prasad Garga of Maisadal, is recorded to have rendered 
good service during the Orissa famine of 1866. 
Residence. — Maisadal, Midnapur, Bengal. 

KABIL SHAH, SAYYID, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. 

Residence. — Thar and Parkar, Sind. 

KACHI BARODA, THAKUR DALBL SINGH, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1839; succeeded to the gadi 1864. The State is tributary to 
Dhar, to which it is adjacent, and contains a population of about 3000. 
Residence. — Kachi Baroda, Bhopiwar, Central India. 

KADATTANAD, MANA VARMA RAJA, Valiya Rdjd of. 

Born 1820. The title is hereditary, the present Raja being the twenty- 
sixth in descent. Belongs to a Samanda family, which originally held the 
rule over a district named Vatakumpuram. One of his ancestors was driven 
out of Vatakuriipuram by the Zamorin of Calicut, and thenceforward the 
family ruled a district on the Malabar coast, extending originally from Mahe 
to Badagara, where the Raja now lives. This territory is said to have 
been granted by the Cherakal Raja of Kolathiri. In 1766 Haidar Ali of 
Mysore invaded the country, and the Raja took refuge with the East India 
Company's officers in Tellicheri ; and again, when the Sultan Tippu invaded 
the country, the Raja and his family took refuge with the Maharaja of 
Travancore. In 1792 the Raja entered into an agreement with the British 
Government to receive an annuity as compensation for the estates of his 
ancestors. Like the other Malabar Rajas, the family follows the Marumak- 
katayam law of inheritance, by which the succession is with the offspring of 
its female members, the next eldest male to the Raja being always his heir. 
The late Raja Udaya Varma was born in 181 1, and succeeded to the title on 
23rd June 1858. He died recently, and was succeeded by his heir under 
the Marumakkatayam law, the present Raja. 

Residence. — Badagara, Malabar District, Madras. 

KADIR BAKHSH, MUNSHI, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. 
Residence. — Lahore, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 223 



KADIR HUSAIN, Khdn. 

The title is personal, and was originally conferred by the Nawab of the 
Carnatic, and recognised in 1891. 

Residence. — Madras. 



KADIR HUSAIN, Khdn Bahddur Ausif Jang Itimad-ud-dauld. 

The titles are personal, and were conferred originally by the Nawab of 
the Carnatic, and recognised on i6th December 1890. 
Residence. — Madras. 



KADIR MOHI-UD-DIN, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, it was conferred originally by the Nawib of the 
Carnatic, and recognised on 16th December 1890. 
Residence. — M adras. 



EADIRDAD KHAN GUL KHAN, CLE., Khdn Bahddur. 

The Khan Bahadur is a Deputy Collector in Sind j and for his services to 
the State was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire on 25th May 1892. 

Residence. — Sind. 



KAHLUR, HIS HIGHNESS RAJA BUB CHAND, Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1872 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 3rd February 1889. 
Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family, claiming descent from Argok, a Rija 
whose territory was situated in the Deccan. Harihar Chand, a descendant 
of Argok in the fourteenth generation, came on a pilgrimage to Jwalamukhi, 
a sacred place in the Kangra district of the Punjab ; he saw Jhandbhari, in 
the Hoshiarpur district, and, attracted by the place, conquered it and settled 
down there. One of Harihar Chand's sons conquered and took possession 
of the Chamba State {q.v.) ; another carved out a principality for himself in 
Kanidon; while a third son, Bir Chand, founded the State of Kahlur or 
Bilaspur. From 1803 to 18 15 the State was overrun by the Gurkhas, and 
after their expulsion it was confirmed to the then Raja by a sanad from the 
British Government, dated 6th March 181 5. The Raja Hira Singh, pre- 
decessor of the present Raja, rendered good service during the Mutiny of 
1857, and was rewarded with a salute of 11 guns. The area of the State 
(which is one of the Simla Hill States) is 448 square miles ; its population is 
86,546, chiefly Hindus. The Raja maintains a military force of 40 cavalry, 
620 infantry, and 11 guns, and is entitled to a salute of ri guns. 

Residence. — Kahlur, Simla Hills, Punjab. 



224 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



KAHN. See Kanh. 

KAILASH CHANDAR MUKHARJI, Hat Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1887, for "long 
and meritorious service in the Bengal Secretariat." 
Residence. — 20 Durjipara Street, Calcutta, Bengal. 

KAISAR MIRZA, Nawdb Bahddur. 

The title is personal, the Nawab Bahadur being the grandson of a 
daughter of the late Muhammad Ali Shah, King of Oudh. He is the son of 
the Nawab Abul Hasan Khan. 

Residence. — Oudh. 

KAKARKHBRI (BHOPAL), Thdkur of. See Dhabla Dhir. 

ElAKKU MAL, Rat Bahddur. 

Born 28th February 1849. The title is personal, and was conferred on 
1 6th February 1887, on the occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. 
Belongs to a family that migrated from the Punjab in 1751, and settled at 
Ajudhya. His father was Treasurer under the Kings of Oudh, and was 
subsequently appointed Feshkar by the British Government. He has rendered 
loyal and meritorious service as Chairman of the Fyzabad Municipal Board. 

Reside/ice. — Fyzabad, Oudh. 

KALAHANDI, Bdjd of. See Karond. 

KALAHASTI, KUMARA MADDU VENKATAPPA, Hdjd oj. 

Born 1850; succeeded recently to the gadi on the death of his father, 
the Raja Damarakumara Maddu Venkatappa Nayudu Bahadur Garu, C.S.I. 
Belongs to an ancient family, that acquired importance in the 15th century 
under the Government of the Rajas of Vijayanagar, and increased in con- 
sequence of the decline of that dynasty. Under the Muhammadan Govern- 
ment the head of the family held the position of a Mansabddr of 5000 
foot ; and a sanad granted by the Emperor Aurangzeb of Delhi made the 
family directly subordinate to the Nawab of Arcot. An ancestor of the 
Raja was the local Naik who procured for the English from the Raja of 
Chandragiri the privilege of settling at Madras and of building a fort there ; 
and his father's name being Chenappa, he stipulated that the place should be 
called Chenappa-patnam. The late Raja received the Companionship of the 
Most Exalted Order of the Star of India from His Royal Highness the Prince 
of Wales, at the Darbar held at Calcutta on ist January 1876. The family 
banner is the " Hanumadwajam," or flag bearing the device of Hanuman 
(the sacred monkey) in five colours. The Raja owns large estates in Nellore 
and North Arcot districts, Madras. 

Residence. — Kdlahasti, Nellore, Madras. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 225 

KALAT, HIS HIGHNESS BBGLAR BBGI MIR SIR MUHAM- 
MAD KHODADAD KHAN, G.C.S.L, IVa/i of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1838; succeeded to the gadt in 1857. The title of Beglar Begi 
was conferred on one of His Highness's ancestors, named Nasir Khan, by 
the great Persian invader Nadir Shah in 1739. Nasir Khan subsequently 
was embroiled in wars with the King of Kabul, Ahmad Shah Abdali, and 
later on became a trusted leader of that monarch's troops. Nasir Khan 
died in extreme old age in 1795, and was succeeded by his son Mahmud 
Khan. In 1839, at the time of the first Afghan war, Mehrab Khan was 
the Wali of Kalat and ruler of Baluchistan ; on account of his supposed 
treachery (which was afterwards discovered to have been falsely attributed to 
him by his Wazir), the town and fort of Kalat were stormed by General 
Willshire, and the unfortunate Mehrab Khan was among the slain. In 1841, 
however, his son Nasir Khan was reinstated by the British, whose army 
thereon evacuated the country; and in 1854 a treaty was ' concluded, 
stipulating for the protection of the State by the British Power. Nasir Khan 
died in 1856, and was succeeded by his brother, the present Wali. His 
Highness had an interview with the Viceroy of India (Lord Lytton) in 1876 
at Jacobabad, when the treaty of 1854 was renewed and extended; and, 
with his great vassals, he attended the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi in 1877, 
on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Majesty as Empress of India, 
and was created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of 
the Star of India. Throughout the Afghan war of 1878-79 the Wali 
rendered the most valuable aid to the Government— placing all the resources 
of his country at its disposal, and sending his son and heir-apparent to 
accompany the General in command of the army passing through his 
territory. The area of the State is about 91,000 square miles; its popula- 
tion is about 150,000, chiefly Muhammadans. His Highness maintains a 
military force of 300 cavalry, 1500 infantry, and 6 guns; and is entitled to a 
salute of 2 1 guns (including 2 guns personal). 

Residence. — KaUt, Baluchistan. 

KALB ALI KHAN, MIRZA, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 22nd June 1828. The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th 
May 1889, for his " distinguished loyalty in the Mutiny and his good services." 
The Khan Bahadur was formerly Sub- Judge of Unao, and has had a long and 
distinguished service in the Judicial Department. 

Residence. — Unao, Gudh. 

KALB KHAN, MAJOR, Khdn Bahadur. 
Governor of Gilgit. Granted the title of Khan Bahadur, as a personal 
distinction, and January 1893. 
Residence. — Gilgit, Kashmir. 

KALI BAORI, BHUMIA SHBR SINGH, Bhumia of. 
A RuUng Chief. 
Bom 1859; succeeded to the gadi in 1874. The Bhumia receives 
allowances both from Dhar and from Gwalior, on condition of preserving 

Q 



226 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

order in certain territory. The State contains about 1700 inhabitants, 
chiefly Hindus. The Chief belongs to a Bhilala family. 
Residence. — Kdii Bdori, Bhopdwar, Central India. 

KALI KISHAN GHOSH, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888, in recognition 
of highly meritorious service in the Army Medical Department, in which the 
Rai Bahadur has been an Assistant-Surgeon. 

Residence, — Ndgpur, Central Provinces. 

KALI KUMAR DB, Rai Bahddur. 

Granted the title of Rai Bahadur, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 
1893, for eminent services in the Currency Department. 
Residence. — Calcutta. 

KALI PADA MUKHARJI, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 1st January 1890. 
Residence. — Orissa, Bengal, 

KALIKA DAS DATT, Rai Bahddur. 

Born 3rd July 1841 ; son of the late Rai Golak Nath Datt. Educated 
at the Krishnagar and Presidency Colleges of the Calcutta University (B.A., 
i860 ; B.L., 1861). Appointed to the Judicial Service in 1861, and became 
Diwan of the State of Kuch Behar in August 1869. Was formally invested 
with insignia of office in 1870, and became Member of the Kuch Behar State 
Council. Has rendered long and meritorious service as Minister of the Kuch 
Behar State, and in recognition thereof was granted the title of Rai Bahadur 
on I St January i8gi. Has three sons — (i) Charu Chandra Datt, born i6th 
June 1876 ; (2) Atal Chandra Datt, born 5th June 1878 j (3) Nirmal Chandra 
Datt, born 23rd January 1881. 

Residences. — The Dewdnkhdna, Kuch Behar, Bengal ; Meral, Burdwan, 
Bengal ; and 4 Gangddhar Babu's Lane, Calcutta. 

KALIYAN SINGH (of Jhawaro) Rao. 

Born 1863. The title is hereditary, having been originally conferred by 
the old Mahratta Government of Deori, and subsequently recognised by the 
British Government. 

Residence. — Jhawaro, Sigar, Central Provinces. 

KALIYAN SINGH, THAKUR, Rao Saheb. 

The title of Rao Saheb is personal, and was conferred on ist January 
1877. 

Residence. — Junian, Ajmir. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 227 



KALIYANA SUNDARAM CHBTTIYAR, Rao Bahddur. 

Born 1837. The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June i{ 
Was appointed a Deputy-Collector in 1878. 
Residence. — Cuddalore, Madras. 



KALSIA, SARDAR RANJIT SINGH, Sarddr of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1 881; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 28th August 1886. 
Belongs to a Jdt (Sikh) family, originally of Kalsia in the Lahore district, 
whose founder, Sardar Gurbakhsh Singh, conquered this territory in the last 
century. His son, Jodh Singh, was a brave and able man, who made con- 
siderable conquests in the neighbourhood of Ambala towards the close of the 
century. When the Cis-Sutlej States came under British protection, Sardar 
Jodh Singh followed the general example. His grandson, Sardar Lahna 
Singh, was the grandfather of the present Sardar. The area of the State is 
169 square miles; its population is 67,708, chiefly Hindus, but including 
19,930 Muhammadans and 5923 Sikhs. The Sardar maintains a military 
force of 48 cavalry, 181 infantry, and 3 guns. 

Residence. — Kalsia, Punjab. 



KALU KHAN (of Kuldchi), Xhdn Bahddur. 

The title was conferred on nth March 1859. The Khan Bahadur 
belongs to the family of the Chief of the Gandapur clan of the Kulachi 
country in the Dera Ismail Khan district of the Punjab, and belongs to the 
Bira Khel (Afghan) tribe. In the Multan campaign of 1848-49 Kalu Khan 
and his father Ali Khan raised a force of several hundred men of the Bira 
Khel tribe of Afghans, and rendered excellent service throughout the second 
Sikh war, for which Kalu Khan received a large pension from Government. 
When the Mutiny of 1857 broke out, he immediately raised a force of 200 
horse and 400 foot, and leaving 200 foot with the Deputy-Commissioner of 
Dera Ismail Khan for the posts on the Sulaimani border, he joined Sir 
Herbert Edwardes with the remaining 200 horse and 200 foot at Peshawar, 
where he served throughout the crisis with distinguished loyalty. For this 
he received a valuable khilat, a perpetual jdgir, and the title of Khan 
Bahadur. 

Residence. — Dera Ismail Khin, Punjab. 



KALU KHBRA, RAO UMBD SINGH, Rao of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1830 ; succeeded to the gadi 1843. The Rao belongs to a Rajput 
family, and his title is hereditary. The State contains a population of about 
1000. 

Residence. — Kalu Khera, Western Mdlwi, Central India. 



228 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



KAMADHIA, MIR ZULFIKAR ALI, Tdlukddr of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Belongs to a Muhammadan family in the Gohelwar Print, Kathiawar. 
The area of the State is 4 square miles; its population about 772, chiefly 
Hindus. 

Residence. — Kamadhia, Kithidw^r, Bombay. 

KAMALPUE, THAKUR MADAN SING-H, TMkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1850; succeeded to the gadi nth October 1881. Receives an 
allowance, in lieu of land rights, from Gwalior. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) 
family. 

Residence. — Kamalpur, Bhopdl, Central India. 

KAMATA PATI GHOSAL, Rat Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1889, for dis- 
tinguished service in the Bengal Police. 

Residence. — Naihdti, Bengal. 

KAMBAKHSH HASAN MIRZA BAHADUR, Prince. 
The Prince is the tenth son of the late Wajid Ali Shah, King of Oudh, 
and bears the title of Prince as a personal or courtesy title. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

KAMR KADR MIRZA. See Abid Ali Bahadur. 

KAMRAN SHAH, Rdjd. 

Born 1840. The title is hereditary, having been originally conferred by 
the ancient Gond Rajas of Deogarh and Nagpur, and subsequently recognised 
by the British Government. Belongs to a family of Gond (aboriginal) origin, 
that is, a younger branch of the family of Raja Sulaiman Shah of Deogarh 
and Nagpur. The family became Muhammadan about 200 years ago. In 
i860 the British Government confirmed his jdgirs in perpetuity to Raja 
Kamran Shah, in consideration both of his own loyal services during the 
Mutiny, and of his father's good services previously rendered. The Raja is 
an Honorary Magistrate, and Member of the local Municipal and. School 
Committees. He has two sons, named Kuar Omri Shah and Kuar Sultan 
Shah. 

Residence. — Ramangan, Hoshangabad, Central Provinces. 



ZAMR-UD-DIN, FAKIR, Khdn Bahddur. 

s personal, and vi 
e Jubilee of Her 

Residence. — Lahore, Punjab. 



The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 229 



KAMTA RAJAULA, RAO BHARAT PARSHAD, J&girddr of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born i8th July 1847; succeeded to the gadi 23rd October 1874. 
Belongs to a Kayastha (Hindu) family, descended from Sardar Ajudhya 
Parshad, an agent of the State of Charkhari (?.».), who became an agent of the 
Kalinjar Chaubds, and obtained from them the jdgi'r of Kamta. His son, 
Rao Gopal Lai, received a sanad from the British Government, and, dying in 
1874, was succeeded by the present Jagirdar. The area of the State is 4 
square miles ; its population is about 1500, chiefly Hindus. The Jagirdar 
maintains a military force of 1 5 infantry and i gun. He has sons, of whom 
the eldest is named Bhaya Ram Parshad. 

Residence. — Kamta Rajaula, Bundelkhand, Central India. 

KANGSBU, Myoza of. 
A Ruling Chief. 
This Chief rules over one of the Shan States, on the frontiers of Burma. 
Residence. — Kangseu, Shan States, Burma. 

KANH CHAND, Rat Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. 
Residence. — Kdngra, Punjab. 

KANHAI LAL DB, C.I.B., Rai Bahddur. 

Born 24th September 1831. The title of Rai Bahadur is personal, and 
was conferred on 6th June 1872, for distinguished medical services. The 
Rai Bahadur is a son of the late Radha Nath De, Rai Bahadur, and the 
name is very commonly spelt " Kanny Lall Dey." He was educated at the 
Medical College of Bengal, where he graduated with distinction in 1854, and 
in the same year was appointed to a Professorship of Chemistry in the Cal- 
cutta Medical College, and a Chemical Examiner to Government. In 1862 
he was appointed Professor of Chemistry in the Presidency College of the 
University of Calcutta, and from that time his honours — professional, scien- 
tific, and other — have been exceedingly numerous. He was appointed suc- 
cessively Member British Medical Association, 1863 ; Honorary Member, 
Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, 1863; additional Chemical Ex- 
aminer to Government, 1867-72; teacher of Chemistry and Medical Juris- 
prudence to the Vernacular Classes, Calcutta Medical College, 1869-84; 
Fellow of the University of Calcutta, 1870; Member Faculty of Medicine, 
University of Calcutta, 1871 ; Rai Bahadur, 1872; Justice of the Peace, 
1872; Member Committee of the Economic Museum, 1874; Professor of 
Chemistry and Government Chemical Examiner, Calcutta Medical College, 
1877-78; Municipal Commissioner, 1877-85; Member Central Committee 
for the Selection of the Vernacular Text-Books, 1887 ; Certificate of Honour 
in recognition of services to the State on the occasion of Her Majesty's 
assumption of the Imperial title, 1877 ; Examiner in Medical Jurisprudence, 



230 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

1878; Fellow Chemical Society, London (F.C.S.), 1880; Vice-President of 
the Calcutta Medical Society, 1881 ; Presidency Magistrate for Calcutta, 
i88i ; Member of Committee and Juror at the Calcutta Exhibition of Indian 
Art Manufactures, 1881-82; Juror at the Jaipur Exhibition, 1883, also Cal- 
cutta International Exhibition, 1883-84; created a Companion of the Most 
Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, 1884; appointed Member of the 
Syndicate, Calcutta University, 1886; Member District Charitable Society, 
Calcutta, 1886; Honorary Fellow College of Physicians, Philadelphia, 1886. 
The Rai Bahadur is the author of treatises on chemistry, physics, and 
medical jurisprudence in Bengali. He has helped to develop the drug 
resources of India, and written an elaborate descriptive catalogue of same. 
He represented India at the International Exhibition, London, 1862 ; Uni- 
versal Exposition of Paris, 1867 and 1878; Vienna Universal Exhibition, 
1872; Melbourne Exhibition, 1880; Amsterdam Exhibition, 1883; World's 
Industrial Cotton Centennial Exposition, New Orleans, U.S.A., 1884-85; 
and Colonial and Indian Exhibition, 1886, for which received certificates 
and medals, also thanks of the Government. The Rai Bahadur has a 
son, named Priyalal De (the name is very frequently spelt Preo Lall Dey), 
born 24th July 1855 ; a Fellow of the Chemical Society of London (F.C.S.), 
1886; Presidency Magistrate for Calcutta, 1890. 

Residences. — 1 1 Beadon Street and 62 Aheritola Street, Calcutta, Bengal. 



KANHAI LAL JHA, PANDIT, Mahdmahopddhydya. 

The title is a personal one, and was conferred on ist 'January 1890 for 
eminence in Oriental learning. It entitles him to take rank in Darbar imme- 
diately after titular Rajas. 

Residence. — Darbhanga, Bengal. 

KANHAYA LAL, Rai Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 30th March 1876. 
Residence. — Lahore, . Punjab. 

KANHAYA LAL, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal* and was conferred on ist January 1890. 
Residence. — Amritsar, Punjab. 

KANKER, MAHARAJ-ADHIRAJ NARHAR DEO, Mahdrdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 13th May 1850; succeeded to \!as. gadi zs a minor 5 th December 
1853. Belongs to a very ancient Rajput family, whose ancestors, according 
to tradition, were raised to the gadi by a popular vote in very early times. 
During the dominion of the Haihai Vansi dynasty in Chhattisgarh the 
Kanker Zaminddrs were rich and prosperous. The area of the State is 639 
square miles; its population is 63,610, chiefly Gonds (aboriginal tribe). 

Residence. — Kanker, Raipur, Central Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 231 



KANNAYYA CHBTTI, K.V., Rao Bahddur. 

Born 1857. The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888 
for eminent services to the State. Was elected a member of the Madras 
Municipal Commission in 1885. 

Residence. — Madras. 

KANNY LALL DEY, C.I.B., Rai Bahddur. See Kanhai Lai De. 

KANTARAWADI, SAWLAWI, Myoza of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Myoza is the chief of one of the Karen States in Eastern Karenni, 
Burma. The population consists chiefly of Karens. 
Residence. — Kantarawadi, Eastern Karenni, Burma. 

KANTI CHANDAR MUKHARJI, C.I.B., Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. The 
Rai Bahadur was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the 
Indian Empire on ist January 1891, for distinguished services as Diwan or 
Prime Minister of the State of Jaipur in Rijputana. 

Residence. — Jaipur, R^jputdna. 

KANTIGYI, Chief of. 
A Ruling Chief. 
This Chief rules over one of the Shan States on the frontier of Burma. 
Its population consists almost entirely of Shans. 
Residence. — Kantigyi, Shan States, Burma. 

KANTIT, RAJA BHUP INDRA BAHADUR SINGH, Rdjd of 

Born 1863; as a minor succeeded his father, Raja Rajendra Bahadur 
Singh, in the year of his birth. Belongs to an ancient family of Gaharwar 
Rajputs, said to be a branch of that of the Rahtors of Kanauj, and descended 
from Gudan Deo. In ancient times, for a long series of years it appears 
that there was a Gaharwar Raj of the Kantit family, settled at Benares, and 
owning domains in Mirzapur district, south of the Ganges. In 1758 the 
Raja Vikramaditya Singh of Kantit was driven out by Balwant Singh, the 
first Raja of Benares (f.w.); but after the flight of Raja Chet Singh of 
Benares in 1781, Raja Govinda Singh, son of Raja Vikramaditya, recovered 
his possessions. He was succeeded by his nephew and adopted son. Ram 
Ghulam Singh, whose son was Raja Mahipal Singh ; and the latter in turn 
was succeeded by his son, Jagat Bahadur Singh. He died in 1850, leaving 
two minor sons, of whom the elder. Raja Rajendra Bahadur Singh, 
succeeded his father, but hardly lived to attain his majority. On his death 
he was succeeded by the present Raja. 

Residence. — Bijaipur, Mirzapur, North-Western Provinces. 



232 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



KAPILAS KUMARI (of Phiilgliar), Rdni. 

The title is hereditary. The Rani belongs to a very ancient Gond 
family, descended from the Chanda stock of Gond Rajas, 800 years ago. It 
is said that the title of Raja was conferred on an ancestor by one of the 
ancient Kings of Delhi, before the family left Chanda. Until recently the 
Phulghar Zamindari was classed as a Gurjhat feudatory State ; but the late 
Raja Jagsai died without legitimate heirs in 1867, and the State lapsed into 
the form of a Zamindari, in the hands of the late Rani Sagan Kumari of 
Phulghar, who was the lawful wife of the Raja Prithi Singh. The Rani 
Sagan Kumari was more than seventy years of age when she succeeded to the 
estate, as she was born before the commencement of the present century ; she 
was succeeded by the present Rani. 

Residence. — Phulghar, Satabalpur, Central Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 233 

KAPURTHALA, His Highness the RdjA of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Bom September 1872 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 5th 
September 1877. The Raja's full title is — His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband 
Rasikhul-Iti-kad Daulat-i-Inglishia Raja- i- Raj agan Raja Jagatjit Singh 
Bahadur. Belongs to a Jat Kalal (Sikh) family, well known under the 
distinguished name of Ahluwalia, from the village of Ahlu near Lahore. 
The Sardar Jassa Singh was one of the most conspicuous of the leaders who 
consolidated the Sikh Power during the disorders and weakness of the 
Mughals, consequent on the invasions of Nadir Shah and Ahmad Shah 
Durani. He died without issue, and was succeeded by Sardar Bagh Singh, 
a descendant of his uncle. The Chiefs of Kapurthala largely extended their 
territories and power; and the name of Sardar Bagh Singh's successor, 
Sardar Fateh Singh, was associated with that of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh 
in the first Sikh treaty concluded with the British Government In 1826 
Sardar Fateh Singh sought the protection of the British Power against Ranjit 
Singh ; but in the first Sikh war his troops fought against the British at the 
battle of Aliwal, and on this account his Cis-Sutlej territories were confiscated. 
In the second Sikh war his son Sardar Nihal Singh rendered good service ; 
and in recognition of it he was created a Raja in 1849. On the outbreak 
of the Mutiny in 1857, the Raja Sir Randhir Singh, G.C.S.I., of Kapurthala, 
volunteered the services of himself and all his followers. He strengthened 
the hold of Government in the Jalandhar Doab, and then volunteered to aid 
in the subjugation of the rebellious Province of Oudh. His offer was 
accepted ; and accompanied by his brother, the brave Sardar Bikrama Singh 
Bahadur, C.S.I., he marched to Oudh at the head of 2000 horse and foot 
and four guns. This force fought no less than six actions with the rebels, with 
conspicuous valour on the part alike of the Chief, his brother, and his 
followers. They held most important positions — first at Bani to protect the 
Lucknow and Cawnpur road, and afterwards at Daryabad ; and captured ten 
guns from the rebels. The Kapurthala troops remained in Oudh for a 
whole year ; and the Raja Sir Randhir Singh received as a reward for his 
loyalty and bravery large estates there, confiscated from the rebellious Rajas 
of Bhitauli, Baundi, and Ikauna, as well as a khilat of Rs. 10,000, and 
many other honours. In 1870 he set out to visit England, but unfortunately 
died at Aden on the way. He was succeeded by his son, the Raja Kharak 
Singh, father of the present Raja ; leaving also a younger son, the Kunwar 
Harnam Singh, CLE. (?.».), and a daughter married to the Sardar Buta 
Singh of Sirnanwa. The area of the State is 598 square miles; its 
population is 252,617, chiefly Muhammadans, but including 82,900 Hindus 
and 26,493 Sikhs. In addition to this, the Oudh estates of His Highness 
have an area of 700 square miles, and a population of 253,000. The Raja 
maintains a military force of 197 cavalry, 829 infantry, and 13 guns; and is 
entitled to a salute of 1 1 guns. 

Residences. — Kapurthala, Punjab ; and Bhitauli, Baundi, and Ikauna 
Oudh. 



234 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

KARA AHMAD. See Muhammad Jam Jah Ali. 

KARAM HUSAIN walad ALI GAUHAR KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

KARAM KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or 
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Shikirpur, Sind. 

KARAMDAD KHAN (of Pharwdla), Rdjd. 

The title is hereditary, and the Raja succeeded his father in March 
1865, as the foremost of the Gakkar Chiefs of the Punjab. The Gakkars 
trace their descent from Kai Gohar, of Ispahan in Persia, whose son. 
Sultan Kaid, is said to have conquered Badakshan and a part of Tibet. For 
many hundreds of years the Gakkars were undoubtedly possessed of great 
power and a wide extent of territory ; they overran Kashmir in very early 
times, and traces of their occupation are still to be found in the north and 
west of that country. They are usually of the Shia sect of Muhammadans. 
When the Emperor Babar invaded India, Hati Khan was the Chief of the 
Gakkars ; and in the Emperor's Autobiography there is a notice of his 
contest with that Chief. Babar marched against Pharwala — then, as now, 
the capital of the Gakkars — in 1526 a.d., and captured it after a gallant 
resistance, Hati Khan making his escape from one gate of the town as 
Babar's troops entered by another. Sultan Mukarrab Khan was the last 
independent Gakkar Chief, and in his day the power of the Gakkars was very 
great. He defeated the Yusufzai Afghans and the Chief of the Khattaks, 
and captured Gujrat, overrunning the Chib country as far north as Bhimbar. 
He joined Ahmad Shah Durani on his several invasions of India, and was 
treated by that monarch with the greatest consideration, being confirmed in 
the possession of his large territories, which extended from the Chinab to the 
Indus. Mukarrab Khan was at last defeated by the powerful Sikh Chief, 
Sardar Gujar Singh, Bhangi, and compelled to retire across the Jhelum, 
giving up his possessions in the Chaj Doab. His power being thus broken, 
the rival Chiefs of his own tribe declared against him, and he was 
treacherously put to death. He left four sons, of whom the youngest was 
Sultan Shadman Khan, grandfather of the present Raja. The family were 
greatly impoverished, weakened, and stripped of most of their possessions, by 
the attacks first of Sardar Gujar Singh, and subsequently of Anand Singh, 
Thipuria, grandson of the famous Sardar Milkha Singh of Rawalpindi. In 
1826 the family was conceded some proprietary rights in Pharwala, the 
ancient cradle .and home of their race. Shadman Khan's eldest son was 
Hay at-ulla- Khan, who became Raja ; he rendered excellent service under 
Captain Abbott in 1848-49, and again during the Mutiny of 1857. He was 
succeeded by the present Raja in 1865. 

Residence. — Pharwala, Rawalpindi, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 235 



KARAN SINGH, Rao. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Aligarh, North-Western Provinces. 

KARASGI, Cfe/^/ ife^Jath. 



KARAULI, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAJA BONWAR PAL DEO 
BAHADUR YADUKUL CHANDRA BHAL, Mahdrdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1862 ; succeeded to the gadi 14th August 1886. Is the head ot 
the great Jadun clan of Rajputs, who claim descent from Krishna, and are 
called the Chandravansi or Children of the Moon. The title of Maharaja 
has descended to them from the remotest antiquity. Probably the first 
historical personage in the pedigree is Bijai Pal, who built the fort of Biana 
in 995 A.D. Arjan Deo, in 1348 a.d., estabUshed the State, and founded 
the capital of Karauli in Rajputana. The Maharaja Dharm Pal became 
Maharaja of Karauli in 1 644 a.d. ; and the present Maharaji Bahadur is 
ninth in succession firom Dharm Pal. The Maharaja Madan Pal rendered 
good service during the Mutiny of 1857, sending a body of his troops against 
the Kotah mutineers ; and for these services he received an addition of two 
guns to his salute as a personal distinction, and was created a Knight Grand 
Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. The area of 
the State is 1208 square miles j its population is 148,670, chiefly Hindus, 
but including 8836 Muhammadans. His Highness maintains a military 
force of 281 cavalry, 1640 infantry, and 56 guns ; and is entitled to a salute 
of 1 7 guns. The family banner is coloured yellow. 

Residence. — Karauli, Rdjputdna. 



KARBNNI, WESTERN, PO BYA, Chief of . 
A Ruling Chief. 

Po Bya is Chief of one of the Karen States in Burma. Its population 
consists almost entirely of Karens. It has three feudatory dependencies — 
Bawlake, Kyetpogyi, and Naungpale. 

Residence. — Western Karenni, Burma. 

KARIM KHAN, Sarddr Bahadur. 

Born 1 81 3 J belongs to a Pathan (Afghan) family settled in Unao, Oudh. 
He was distinguished for his bravery and loyalty during the Mutiny of 1857, 
when he held the military rank of Subahdar ; and in recognition thereof he 
received the title of Sardar Bahadur as a personal distinction, by a sanad 
dated i8th September i860. 

Residence. — Unao, Oudh. 



236 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



KARIM-UD-DIN AHMAD, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence. — Meerut, North-Western Provinces. 



KARODIA, THAKUR CHAIN SINGH, Thdkurof. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1864; succeeded to the gadi 26th October 1880. Belongs to a 
Rajput (Hindu) family. 

Residence. — Karodia, Indore, Central India. 

KAROLI, THAKUR BHAWANSINGHJI, Thdkurof. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1856; belongs to a Koli (aboriginal) family. The area of the 
State is 12 square miles; its population about 1500, chiefly Hindus. 
Residence. — Karoli, Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay. 

KAROND, RAJA RAG-HU KBSHAR DEO, Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1871 ; succeeded to the gadi 7th April 1881. Belongs to an 
ancient Rajput family of the Nagbansi (snake-race) clan — the cognisance of 
the Nagbansi clan is the sacred Serpent — descended on the female side from 
the original Gangabansi dynasty of Karond, and on the male side from the 
Rajas of Satrangarh in Chota Ndgpur. The late Raja, Udit Partab Deo, for 
his good services to Government, received the honour of a personal salute of 
nine guns, which was conferred on ist January 1877, on the occasion of the 
Proclamation of her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. The 
present Raja is thirty-first in descent from the founder of the dynasty. The 
area of the State is 3745 square miles; and its population is 224,548, 
chiefly Gonds (an aboriginal tribe). The Raja is entitled to a salute of 
9 guns. 

Residence. — Karond, Sambalpur, Central Provinces. 



KARVETNAGAR, Rdjd of 
See Kumara Venkata Perumal Raz, Rdjd. 

KASHI CHANDAR DATT, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 

Residence. — Joinshar, Dacca, Bengal. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 237 



KASHI NATH BISWAS, Rat Bahddur. 

Born October 1830. The title was conferred on i6th February 1887, 
on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
The Rai Bahadur's great-grandfather was in the service of the Nawab Nazim 
of Bengal ; and his father and grandfather were employed under the 
Governor-General's agent at Benares. He entered the Judicial Service in 
1856; became a first-grade Subordinate Judge in 1875, and received a 
Silver Medal of Honour at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi in January 
1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Majesty as Empress of 
India. He received the title of Rai Bahadur in recognition of his long and 
meritorious services as a Judge. 

Residence. — Benares, North-Westem Provinces. 



KASHINATH LAKSHMAN, Rao Bahddur. 

Born i6th July 1833. The title was conferred on 24th May 1883, for 
long and distinguished service in the Police Department, in Khandesh, 
Bombay. The Rao Bahadur belongs to a Karhada Brahman family, and 
was the soa of Lakshuman Krishna, of the Political Department and Police 
of Khandesh. Was invested with the title of Rao Bahadur at a Darbar held 
at Dhulia on 15th June 1883. In 1846 he married Ganga, the only 
daughter of the late Jagirdar of Waroda ; and has issue four sons — 
(i) Martand, born 30th July 1865, married Lakshmibai, daughter of 
Purushotam Pant Khandekar; (2) Waman, born 27th July 1867, married 
Jankibai, daughter of Prathad Pant Shahane, Mamlatdar of Tasgaon ; (3) 
Govinda, born 28th August 1871, married Gopikabai, daughter of Madhava 
Rao Khandekar Phadnis, late Mamlatdar of Satara; (4) Gopal, born 24th 
June 1878, married Rukhminibai, daughter of Narayan Rao Bhopatkar of 
Azvi. 

Residence. — Jalgaon, Khandesh, Bombay. 



KASHINATH TRIMBAK TBLANG, CLE., The Hon. 

A distinguished member of the Bombay Bar. Was created a Companion 
of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, 23rd May 1884. 



KASHMIR, His Highness the Mahdrdjd Bahddur of. 
See Jammu and Kashmir. 



KASIM HUSAIN TAJ-UL-MULK MIRZA BAHADUR, Prince. 

The Prince is the ninth son of the late AVajid Ali Shah, King of Oudh ; 
and accordingly bears this title as a personal or courtesy title. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 



238 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

KASSALPURA, THAKUR MANAJI, TMkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1823; belongs to a Koli (aboriginal) family. The population of 
the State is about 400. 

Residence. — Kassalpura, Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay. 



KASTUR CHAND, SETH, Rai BaMdur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 

Residence. — Kdmthi, Central Provinces. 

KASTUR CHAND, Seih. 

The title is personal ; it was originally conferred by the Nawab of the 
Carnatic, and was recognised on i6th December 1890 by the British 
Government. 

Residence. — Jaipur, Madras. 



KATARI SUBBARAYUDU NAYUDU, Rai Bahddur. 

Born in 1837. The title was conferred on 25th June 1884, for 
meritorious services rendered in the Madras Police. Son of the late K. 
Subbarayudu Nayudu. Educated at Masulipatam. After four years' service 
in the Inam Commission, was appointed to the Madras Police in the Kistna 
district in 1866. Received a Gold Medal from the Mysore State for courage 
and ability shown in suppressing a notorious gang of dakaits. In 1891 
received a jewelled Sword of Honour for similar services from the British 
Government. Has two sons — Katari Narayanaswami and Katari Subbarao. 

Residence. — Nandigama, Kistna, Madras. 



KATHI, CHANDRA SING-H RAHI PADRI, Chief of . 
A Ruling Chief 

Born 1866 ; belongs to a Bhil (aboriginal) family. The area of the 
State, which is one of the Mewas States in Khandesh, is about 500 square 
miles; its population rather over 10,000, chiefly Bhils. The Mewas Chiefs 
maintain a force of irregulars, called Sibandis, who collect the revenue, attend 
the Chiefs, and keep order on the frontier and perform other police duties 
under the Khandesh Superintendent of Police. Besides these irregulars, a 
considerable number of Bhil headmen, naiks, are bound, if called upon by 
their Chiefs, to furnish from 30 to 50 bowmen apiece. 

Residence. — Kdthi, Khindesh, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 239 



KATHIWARA, THAKUR BAHADUR SINGH, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1839; succeeded to the gadi in 1865. Belongs to a Rajput 
(Hindu) family. The area of the State is 68 square miles ; its population 
is 2376, Hindus and Bhils. The Thakur maintains a military force of 39 
infantry. 

Residence. — Kathiwdra, Bhopdwar, Central India. 

KATOSAN, THAKUR KARANSINGHJI RANAJI, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1850 ; succeeded to ih&gadi 2-i.%\. January 1869. Belongs to a Koli 
(Hindu) family. The population of the State is about 1743. 
Residence. — Katosan, Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay. 

KAWARDHA, THAKUR RAJPAL SINGH, Thdkur of 
A Ruling Chief 

Born 13th November 1849 j succeeded to the gadi nth December 1874. 
Belongs to a Raj Gond (aboriginal) family, claiming descent from Sham 
Chand, from whom the present Thakur is thirteenth in descent. His father 
was the Thakur Ram Singh of Pandaria. The area of the State is 887 square 
miles ; its population is 86,362, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Kawardha, Bildspur, Central Provinces. 

KAWASJI HORMASJI DADA CHARJI, Xhdn Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1889. 
Residence. — Aden. 

KAWASJI JAMSHBDJI LALKAKA, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born ^1 9th September 1851. The title was conferred on 21st February 
1884, for' eminent services rendered to the State in the Postal Department. 
Belongs to a Parsi family, son of Jamshedji Dosabji Lalkaka. Is a Justice 
of the Peace, April 1881. Acted as Deputy Postmaster- General of the 
Central Provinces and Berar in 1889, and of Rajputana in 1890. Married, 
3rd December 1873, Manikbdi, daughter of Nasarwanji Khurshidji Sabavala 
of Suratj and has issue two sons — Jahdngir, born 29th May 1875, and 
Kaikhushro, born 27th June 1878. 

Residence. — Ahmadabad, Bombay. 

KAWASJI KAIKHUSRU, Khdn Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1889. 
Residence. — Bombay. 



240 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



KAYATHA, THAKUR SHBODAN SINGH, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1848 ; succeeded to the gadi 1863. Belongs to a Rdjput (Hindu) 
family. 

Residence. — Kayatha, Indore, Central India. 

KAZIM ALI, Mirza Bahadur. 

The Mirza Bahddur is the grandson of the late Muhammad Ali Shah, 
King of Oudh, being a son of the Mirza Azim-us-Shan Bahadur, son of that 
monarch. 

Residence. — Oudh. 

KAZIM ALI KHAN (1), Nawdb Bahadur. 

The Nawib Bahadur is a grandson of the late Muhammad Ali Shah, 
King of Oudh, being a son of the Nawab Muazzam-ud-daula Bahadur, by a 
daughter of that monarch. 

Residence. — Lucknow, Oudh. 

KAZIM ALI KHAN (2), Nawdb Bahddur. 

The Nawab Bahadur is a great-grandson of the late Saddat Ali Khan, 
King of Oudh, being a son of the Nawab Ikhtiar-ud-dauM Bahddur, who 
was a grandson of that monarch. 

Residence. — Lucknow, Oudh. 



KEDAR NATH CHATTARJI, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 6th June 1885. 
Residence. — Bali, Bengal. 

KEDAR NATH KUNDU CHAUDHRI, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1884. 
Residence. — Howrah, Bengal. 

KBHAR SINGH (of Khiva), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Sikh family descended from the 
Sardar Rai Maha Singh ; who, with his son, Sardar Laha Singh, fell in battle 
in the service of Sarddr Charat Singh, head of the Sikh misl ox confederacy 
known as Sukarchakia, and grandfather of the Mahardjd Ranjit Singh of 
Lahore. Sardar Amar Singh, son of Laha Singh, was taken into the service 
of Sardar Charat Singh, received a jdgir, and served with distinction under 
Charat Singh's son, Sarddr Daydl Singh, and under his grandson the Maha- 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 241 

rdja. After his death his three sons, Sarddrs Fateh Singh, Daydl Singh, and 
Mohar Singh, rose into favour with the Maharaja; and the last especially 
distinguished himself in an action with the Afghans at Khiva in the Gujrat 
district. Mohar Singh subsequently retired to Benares, and the Maharaja 
Ranjit Singh confiscated his Jdgt'rs. His brother, Sardar Dayal Singh (grand- 
father of the present Sardar), fought in the battle of Attock, 1813, where he 
was severelywounded; and he was again wounded in the expedition to Kashmir, 
for which he received some valuable j'dgirs. He died in 1832 ; and his son, 
Sardar Bishan Singh, died two years afterwards, leaving Elishan, a child of 
two years of age. Sardar Kishan Singh was loyal in the time of the Multan 
rebellion of 1848-49 ; and later, in the time of the Mutiny of 1857, he 
rendered good service to Government, and was rewarded for it. He died in 
i860, and Sardar Kehar Singh is the surviving member of the family. He 
is also known as the Sardar Nand Singh. 
Residence. — Khiva, Gujrdt district, Punjab. 



KEONTHAL, RAJA BALBIE SAIN, Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1852; succeeded to the gadi 23rd August 1882. Belongs to a 
very ancient Rdjput family, that bore the title of Rana from early times till 
1857, when the title of Raja was conferred on Rana Sansar Sain for his 
services in the time of the Mutiny. After the expulsion of the Gurkhas a 
portion of the State was made over to the Maharaja of Patiala, and the 
remainder was confirmed to the then Rana by a sanad of the British Govern- 
ment in 1815. He has six feudatory Chiefs subordinate to him, viz. the 
Chiefs of Thiog, Koti, Ghund, Kheri, Madhan, and Ratesh ; and of these 
the first four are tributaries. The area of the State is 112 square miles ; its 
population is 31,154, chiefly Hindus. The Raja maintains a military force 
of 108 infantry and 2 guns. 

Residence. — Keonthal, Simla Hills, Punjab. 

KERALA VARMA RAJA, Rdjd. See Chirakal, Valiya Rdjd of. 

KERALA VARMA RAJA, Rdjd. See Kottayam, Valiya Rdjd of 

KEROWLBB, His Highness the Mahdrdjd of. See Karauli. 

KBSHAB KANT A SINGH, Rdjd. 

Born November 1852. The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd 
February 1861, the Raja being the grandson and representative of the late 
Raja Chandra Kanta Singh, the last reigning Raja of Assam. Belongs to 
the historical Ahom dynasty, who were rulers in Assam for many centuries, 
and are said to have been originally Shans from Burma. The first Raja of 
the dynasty who adopted Hinduism is stated to have been Chuhum-Pha, who 
succeeded to the gadi in 1497 a.d. From him the fourth in succession, 
Rajd Chutum-Hla, adopted the Hindu name of Jayadhajiya Singh ; and he 



242 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

was reigning at the time of the Mughal invasion by Mir Jumla under the 
orders of the Emperor Aurangzeb. The invasion was unsuccessful, and the 
Ahom Raja extended his frontier to Goilpard. The greatest of the dynasty 
was Rdja Rudra Singh, who succeeded to the gadi in 1695 ; and in the next 
century their power decayed. Rdja Gaurindth Singh was the titular Rajd. 
when the British first sent a force into Assam in 1792 to restore him after 
his expulsion by the Koch Raja of Darrang. Then followed an invasion of 
the Burmese, who ruled the country till the first Burmese war ; at the close 
of which Assam was ceded by Burma to the British Power. Rdji Gaurindth 
Singh had been succeeded in title by his brother, Rdjd Chandra Kanta Singh ; 
and the grandson of the latter is the present Rdjd. The family cognisance is 
an Arowan (Royal Umbrella) and Sripus Kalki (Golden Head-dress). 
Residence. — Gauhdti, Assam. 



KESHAVRAO BHASKAEJI, Rai Bahadur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. 

Residence.— 'Sioyx^s.y. 

KESRI SINGH (of Lakhnadon), Thdkur. 

The title is hereditary, the Thakur being the representative of one of the 
ancient Chiefs of the Seoni district. 

Residence. — Lakhnadon, Seoni, Central Provinces. 



KESRI SINGH, O.I.E. (of Kuchawan), Rao BaMdur. 

The title of Rao Bahadur is personal, and was conferred on i st January 
1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty 
as Empress of India. He has subsequently been created a Companion of 
the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. 

Residence. — Mdrwdr, Rdjputdna. 

KET, MAUNG, Kyet Thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. It means 
" Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour," and is indicated by the letters 
K.S.M. after the name. 

Residence. — Yaw, Burma. 

KBUNJHAR, MAHARAJA DHANURJAI NARAYAN BHANJ 

DEO, Rdjd of. 
A RuUng Chief. 

Born 27th July 1849 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 4th September 
1861. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family, claiming descent from Joti 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 243 

Bhanj, a brother of Adi Bhanj, the founder of the Moharbhanj State (^.z'.), 
thirty-four generations back. The following is the local tradition as to the 
way in which the Keunjhar Rajas got the patronymic of Bhanj, in which the 
State got the name of Keunjhar, and in which its borders were enlarged : — 
Jai Singh, a son of Man Singh, the Maharajd of Jaipur in Rajputana, came to 
visit the shrine of Jagannath in Puri. He married Padmavati, the daughter of 
the Gajapati King of Puri, Pratipendra Deb, and received as her dowry the 
State of Hariharpur, which then comprised the two States of Moharbhanj and 
Keunjhar. Two sons were born to him, the elder of whom was named Adi 
Singh and the younger Joti Singh. In mauza Rarua in killa Hariharpur 
there was a petty Zamindar named Mayura Dhvvaja in possession of five pirs. 
He was conquered by Prince Adi Singh, and deprived of his Zamindari. The 
Gajapati King of Puri, hearing of the success of Prince Adi Singh, conferred 
on him the title of Bhanj. Since that time the above title has been 
hereditary in the Moharbhanj and Keunjhar Raj families. Adi Singh on his 
accession to the gadi changed the name of Hariharpur into Moharbhanj, and 
in commemoration of his conquest of the territory of Mayura Dhwaja, called 
it and the villages comprised in it Adipur Pir, after his own name. Prior to 
his death, Jai Singh separated from his killa a portion of land which at 
present goes by the name of Nijgarh zillah, and left it in possession of his 
younger son, Joti Bhanj. Thereupon the latter left Moharbhanj, and 
established a garh (fort) at Jotipur, where he dwelt. Subsequently he 
removed his headquarters to a place where there was a spring (jhar) in an 
ebony (kendu) forest ; and since then the headquarters and the killa itself 
are called Kendu-Jhar or Keunjhar. Jotipur Garh, with its adjoining villages, 
was annexed to killa Keunjhar and called Jotipur Pir. The boundaries of 
killa Keunjhar since its foundation by Joti Bhanj up to the reign of Govind 
Bhanj are laid down in the topographical maps which were prepared by 
Government between 1850 and 1862. Govind Bhanj being offended for 
some reason or other with his father, Trilochan Bhanj, retired to Puri and 
lived there. He was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the army of the 
Gajapati King of Puri, and gained a victory for him in the battle of Kanchi- 
Cavery in the Madras Presidency. Soon after, being informed of his father's 
death, he got the permission of the Puri Raja to return home. Before his 
departure he obtained as a reward from the Raja the Zamindari of Athgarh, 
which adjoined the eastern border of the Keunjhar State, and on his return 
from Puri he was installed on the Keunjhar gadi. Since that date the zillah 
of Athgarh has remained annexed to killa Keunjhar. It is commonly 
known as Anandpur. In 1794 a.d. Janardan Bhanj married Krishnapriya, 
the daughter 01 Manipal and grand-daughter of Arnapurna, the Rani of Pal 
Lahera, and received as dowry the Zamindari of Pal Lahera. On the death 
of Krishnapriya in 1825, the petty Zamindars of Pal Lahera combined with 
the ryots of that State and opposed Janardan Bhanj's possession of Pal 
Lahera. From 1794 to 1825 the Raja of Keunjhar had full authority over 
Pal Lahera ; and though the latter was subsequently made independent, it 
still pays its tribute through the former. The title of Raja is hereditary in 
this family, and dates from the period of the Mahratta dominion in Orissa ; 
it was formally conferred by the British Government in 1874. The title of 
Maharaja was conferred on the present Chief as a personal distinction, 
ist January 1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most 
Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. The cognisance of the family is a 



244 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

peacock with the tail spread. The area of the State, which is one of the 
Orissa Tributary Mahals, is 3096 square miles; its population is 215,612, 
chiefly Hindus, but including nearly 20,000 belonging to various aboriginal 
tribes. The Maharaja maintains a military force of 2949 infantry and? 32 
guns. 

Residence. — Keunjhar, Orissa, Bengal. 

KHADIJA BBGAM SAHIBA, Princess. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on nth March 1866. 
Residence. — Madras. 



KHAIR-UN-NISA BBGAM, Her Highness the Nawdb. 

The title is personal ; it was originally conferred by the Nawab of the 
Carnatic, and recognised on i6th December 1890. Her Highness is the Shadi 
widow of His Highness the late Nawab Ghulam Muhammad Ghaus Khan, 
last titular Nawab of the Carnatic. 

Residence. — Madras. 



KHAIRAGARH, KAMAL NARAYAN SINGH, Zaminddr of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1879; succeeded to the gadi on the death of Lai Umrao Singh, 
19th February 1891. Belongs to a Raj Gond (aboriginal) family, claiming 
descent from the ancient royal family of Garha Mandla. The area of 
the State is 940 square miles; its population is 166,138, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Khairagarh, Raipur, Central Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 245 



KHAIRPUR, HIS HIGHNESS MIR SIR ALI MURAD KHAN, 

G.C.LB., Mir of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Bom 28th June 1815; succeeded to the gadi 20th December 1842. 
Is the representative of the historical Baluch family called Talpur, that con- 
quered Sind in 1783 a.d. In that year Mir Fateh Ali Khan Talpur 
established himself as Rais of Sind; and subsequently his nephew, Mir 
Sohrab Khan Talpur, with his two sons, named respectively Mir Rustam and 
Ali Murad — the last-named being the present Mir of Khairpur — founded the 
Khairpur branch of the Talpur rulers of Sind. Mir Sohrab Khan gradually 
extended his dominions until they extended from the Jaisalmer Desert on the 
east to Kachh Gandava in Baluchistan on the west. In 18 13 he ceased to pay 
tribute to Afghanistan; and in 1832 Khairpur was recognised as a separate 
State from the rest of Sind, in a treaty with the British Power. During the 
first Afghan war, when most of the Sind Mirs were believed to be hostile, the 
Mir Ali Murad Khan cordially supported the British policy. Consequently, 
when, after the close of that war, the victory of Miani (Meeanee) effected 
the conquest of Sind, and the rest of Sind was annexed and incorporated 
in the British territory, the State of Khairpur retained its political existence 
as a feudatory of the Empire. In 1866 a sanad was granted to His High- 
ness, guaranteeing the succession according to Muhammadan law ; and he 
has recently been created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Eminent 
Order of the Indian Empire. His Highness's sons are Mir Faiz Muhammad 
Khan, Mir Jan Muhammad Khan, and Mir Ghulam Haidar. The area 
of the State is 6109 square miles; its population is 129,153, chiefly 
Muhammadans, but including more than 26,000 Hindus. His Highness 
maintains a military force of 700 cavalry, 774 infantry, and 32 guns; and is 
entitled to a salute of 19 guns (including 4 guns personal). 

Residence. — Khairpur, Sind, Bombay. 



246 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



KHAJURIA, MIAN KARIM BAKSH, Midn of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1859; succeeded to the^a^/ 24th December 1863. Belongs to a 
Pindari (Muhammadan) family. The population of the State is 467, chiefly 
Hindus. 

Residence. — Khajuria, Bhopdl, Central India. 

KHALTHAUN, THAKUR HARGATAN SINGH, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1864; succeeded to the gadi in 1883. Belongs to a Kshatriya 
Yadav (Hindu) family. The area of the State is 5 square miles ; its popula- 
tion is about 8000, chiefly Hindus. The Thakur maintains a military force 
of 15 cavalry and 50 infantry. 

Residence. — Khalthaun, Gwalior, Central India. 

KHAN BABA KHAN, Khdn Bahadur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. 

Residence. — Peshawar, Punjab. 



KHAN MUHAMMAD walad ^fJKlA MUHAMMAD KHAN, 

Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). 

Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

KHANDBRAO APPAJI, GUPTB, Rao Saheb. 
The title is personal. 
Residence.— Thini, Bombay. 

KHANDERAO SIDRAMAPA DBSAI NADGAODA (of Kurbet)i 

Shrimdn Maha Naik Nadgauda Nagnuriebirada Himori. 

The title is hereditary, having been originally conferred by the Chief of 
Anigundi on an ancestor, for having cleared the jungles of Gokak of the 
bandits who frequented them — and having been recognised by the British 
Government. Belongs to a Mahratta (Hindu) family claiming descent from 
Jogi Nikumbi Naik, through a long series of generations. Khanderao Baba 
Saheb succeeded his father Sidramapa Balapa Desai. 

Residence. — Belgaum, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 247 



KHANDBRAO VISHWANATH BASTE, Rao Bahddur. 

Born 1845. The title of Rao Bahadur is personal, and was conferred 
on I St January 1877, at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi, on the occasion 
of the Proclamation of Her Majesty as Empress of India — when he also 
received a Medal of Honour. Is also a First Class Sardar of the Deccan ; 
and claims the hereditary rank of Sardar. Belongs to a Konkanasth 
Brahman family, resident from early times in Velneshwar, in the district of 
Ratnagiri ; originally the family name was " Gokhle," changed at a later date 
for " Raste." The founder of the family was named Ballah. His descend- 
ant, Shamji Naik, had three sons, who entered the service of the Shahu 
Raja of Satara, in which they acquired important positions. The second of 
these, named Bhikaji, had a daughter married to the Peshwa Narayan Rao ; 
the eldest, named Haribaji Naik, was the ancestor of this family. His great- 
grandson, Khanderao Nilkant Raste, was appointed to a military command 
by the celebrated Nana Farnavis under the Peshwa Mahadeo Rao Narayan ; 
he served with great success in many campaigns, and rose to high honours, 
with considerable grants of land. His son, Vishwasrao Khanderao, was a 
Sardar of the Deccan of the second class ; he was granted a pension by the 
Government in 1819, and was succeeded by his son, the present title-holder. 
The Rao Bahadur was educated at the Poona College ; was a Member of the 
Bombay Legislative Council, 1884-86; is a Magistrate for Poona, and also 
for Kolaba, and a Justice of the Peace for the town and island of Bombay. 

Residence. — Poona, Bombay. 

KHANDPARA, RAJA NATOBAR SINGH MARDRAJ 
BHRAMARBAR BAI, Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 
Born 1837 ; succeeded to the gadi 28th February 1867. Belongs to a 
Rajput (Hindu) family, claiming descent from a younger son of the Nayagarh 
family, seventy-one generations ago. The Raja Raghunath Singh of 
Nayagarh had two sons. The elder son, Harihar Singh, became Raja of 
Nayagarh, and the younger, Jadunath Singh Mangraj, retained possession of 
four Garhs, or forts, as his share, viz. Kadua, Ghuntsahi, Sardhapur, and Khed- 
pada, all in Nayagarh. There was at that time a Chief ruling over a tract from 
Ogalpur to Harichandanpur in Khandpara. Him the said Mangraj defeated, 
and took possession of his territory. Gradually in course of time and by 
dint of arms, his son Pitabas Singh, his grandson Narayan Singh, and 
his great-grandson Balunkeswar Singh extended their dominions, and 
strengthened the State of Khandpara. The petty chiefs who ruled within 
the jurisdiction of this State during these times, and their subjects, were 
savage aborigines. The Rajas of Khandpara defeated these petty Chiefs, 
gave education to the savages, cleared the jungles, formed villages, and 
civilised the country. Up to the reign of Raja Narayan Singh Mangraj, 
Khandpara extended on the east up to Banki, on the west to Balaramprasad 
in Daspalla, on the north to Kantilo, and on the south up to Jogiapali in 
Nayagarh. During the reign of Banamali Singh Mardraj Bhramarbar Rai, 
son of Raja Balunkeswar Singh Mangraj, the Raja of Bod did not give the 
State to his adopted son Makund Deb Bhanj, whom he had brought from 
Moharbhanj, but gave it to another person whom he subsequently adopted as 



248 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

his son. This gave offence to Makund Deb Bhanj, and he consequently 
sought help from the Rdjd of Khandpdr^ Banamili Singh Mardrdj Bhramarbdr 
Rai. This Banamdli was a brave and powerful R^jd, and expert in war. 
He engaged the Rajd of Bod, and after defeating him made the said Makund 
Deb Bhanj Rajd. over a part of Bod territory, and gave the new State- the 
name of Daspalla. Raja Jadundth Singh Mangrdj, the founder of the 
Khandpara State, got the title of Mangrdj from the Mahardjd of Orissa, and 
it was enjoyed from his time down to Balunkeswar Singh. Banamali Singh, 
the son of Balunkeswar Singh, was a very powerful Chief, and defended the 
Mahdrdjd of Orissa from the attacks of his enemies. The latter gave him as 
a reward the title of Bhai Mardrdj Bhramarbdr Rai, which has been enjoyed 
by successive Chiefs to the present day. During the reign of Rdjd Nilddri 
Singh Mardrdj Bhramarbdr Rai, Raghuji Bhonsl^, the Mahdrdjd of Nagpur, 
gave the Raja a flag, which is still used. When Orissa was first conquered 
by the British Government, Rdjd Narsingha Singh Mardrdj Bhramarbdr Rai 
gave assistance to the chief military officers of the British Government, and 
received an elephant and a cannon in recognition thereof The present Raja 
is a son of the late Rdjd Krishna Chandra Singh Mardrdj Bhramarbdr Rai ; 
and succeeded his brother, the late Kunja Vihari Singh Mardrdj Bhramarbdr 
Rai, who died without issue in 1867. The title of Rdjd is hereditary in the 
family, and dates from the period of the Mahratta dominion in Orissa ; it was 
formally recognised by the British Government in 1874. The cognisance 
of the family is a tiger's head. The State, which is one of the Orissa Tributary 
Mahals, has an area of 244 square miles, and a population of 66,296, chiefly 
Hindus. The Rdjd maintains a military force of 1085 infantry and 12 guns. 
Residence. — Khandpdrd, Orissa, Bengal. 

KHANIADHANA, RAJA CHHATAR SINGH, Jdgirddr of. 
A RuUng Chief. 

Born 1863; succeeded to the ^«if2 13th December 1869. Belongs to 
the great Bundela (Rdjput) family of Orchha, that has given ruling 
families to Panna, Datia, Ajaigarh, and most of the States of Bundelkhand. 
Amresh was a younger son of the Mahdrdjd Udit Singh of Orchha, and 
received the territory of Khaniddhdna as his portion. Much of this territory 
was taken away by the Mahrattas. Fourth in descent from Amresh was the 
Rdjd Gumdn Singh, who received a sanad from the British Government in 
1863. Gumdn Singh died in 1869, and was succeeded by the present 
Jdgirddr; who on ist January 1877, at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi, 
on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Majesty as Empress of India, 
received the title of Rdjd as a personal distinction. The area of the State is 
84 square miles; its population is 13,494, chiefly Hindus. The Rdjd 
maintains a military force of 5 cavalry, 65 infantry, and 2 guns. 

Residence. — Khaniddhdna, Bundelkhand, Central India. 

KHARAL, MIAN SURSINGHJI SARDARSINGHJI, Midn of. 

A Ruling Chief 
Born i860; succeeded to the gadi 20th April 1884. Belongs to a 
Koh (Muhammadan) family. The area of the State is 1 6 square miles ; its 
population 3189, chiefly Hindus. 

Resideftce. — KhardI, Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 249 



KHARSBDJI RUSTAMJI, Khdn Bahadur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Majesty as Empress of India. 
Residence, — Baroda. 



KHAESIA, THAKUR BALWANT SINGH, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1855 ; succeeded to the gadi 26th September 1876. Belongs to a 
Rajput (Hindu) family. 

Residence. — Kharsia, Bhopd.1, Central India. 

KHARSOWAN, THAKUR MAHBNDRA NARAYAN SINGH 

DEO, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1869; succeeded his father, Thdkur Raghunath Singh Deo, 2nd 
March 1884, as a minor. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family, descended 
from a younger son of the ancient Porahat family, that came into Orissa in 
very early times from Jodhpur in Rajputana. The title of Thakur was 
originally bestowed by the Raja of Porahat, and has been conferred on the 
Chief as a personal distinction. The State (which is one of the Chota 
Nagpur Tributary Mahals) has an area of 149 square miles, and a population 
of 31,051, chiefly Hindus. The Thakur has a military force of 3 guns. 

Residence. — Kharsowan, Singhbhum, Chota Ndgpur, Bengal. 



KHBRAWARA, THAKUR VAJBSINGHJI, Thdkur of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1847. Belongs to a Koli (aboriginal) family. The area of his 
State is 27 square miles ; its population is over 1300, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Kherawara, Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay. 

KHBRI, Chief of 

Is a feudatory of the Raja of Keonthal {q.v}}, and rules over one of the 
Simla Hill States. 

Residence. — Kheri, Simla Hills, Punjab. 

KHBRWASA, THAKUR PARTAB SINGH, Thdkur of 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1880; succeeded to the gadi as a minor in 1887. Belongs to a 
Rdjput (Hindu) family. The population of the State is about 500, Hindus 
and Muhammadans. 

Residence. — Kherwasa, Western Mdlwd, Central India. 



250 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



KHBT SINGH (of Gobra), Rdjd. 

Bom 4th February 1842. The title is hereditary, having been originally 
conferred by one of the old Gond R^jas of Garha-Mandla, and confirmed by 
Government. Is a descendant of Raja Karan ; and rendered good service in 
the campaigns that followed the Mutiny of 1857. 

Residence. — Gobra, Damoh, Central Provinces. 

KHETTAR (KSHBTTRA) CHANDAR BANARJI, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 6th December 1884, for 
services rendered in the Public Works Department. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

KHIANDA, MADAN SINGH, Chief of . 
A Ruling Chief 

Born 1880; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 27th December 1889. 
The population of the State is about iioo, chiefly Hindus. 
Residence. — Khianda, Guna, Central India. 

KHILAWAN SINGH (of BUehra), Rdjd. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — S^gar, Central Provinces. 

KHILCHIPUR, RAO BAHADUR AMAR SINGHJI, 
Rao Bahddur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1834 ; succeeded to the gadi 27th November 1868. Belongs to a 
Khichi Rajput (Hindu) family, descended from Durjan Sal, a Khichi Chief 
The area of his State is about 272 square miles; its population 36,125, 
chiefly Hindus. The Rao Bahadur maintains a military force of 45 cavalry, 
202 infantry, and 2 guns; and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. The 
family has a white banner (with black silk tassel), bearing the efl!igy of 
Hanumdn, the monkey-god. The Rao Bahadur's eldest son is named Ldlji 
Bhawani Singh. 

Residence. — Khilchipur, Bhopil, Central India. 

KHIRASRA, JARBJA RAISINGHJI JIJIBHAI, Tdlukddr of 

A Ruling Chief 
Born 1850; succeeded to the gadi ist January 1872. Belongs to a 
Rajput (Hindu) family. The area of his State is 1 3 square miles ; its popu- 
lation is 4377, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Khirasra, Kdthiiwir, Bombay. 

KHITABAT KHAN. See Muhammad Ghaus, Shaikh. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 251 



KHITISH (KSHITISH) CHANDAR RAI (of NadiyA), 
Mahdrdjd Bahadur. 

Born i6th April 1868. The title was conferred on ist January 1890, as 
a personal distinction, when the Maharija Bahidur came of age after a long 
minority ; and it has been enjoyed by the Rajas of Nadiya (or Nuddea) for 
many generations, having been first conferred by the Emperor of Delhi on 
the Maharaja Rudra ten generations ago. Belongs to a Kulin Brahman 
family of the highest caste, claiming descent from the famous Bhatta 
Narayan, one of the five Brahman apostles whom King Adisur brought to 
Bengal from Kanauj. A farmdn bearing the seal and signature of the 
Emperor Alamgir is extant, in which the Raja Rudra is addressed as Raja. 
His great-grandson, the Maharaja Krishna Chandra Rai, received tvro farmdns 
from the Emperor Shdh Alam, conferring on him the title of Maharaja. 
Since the establishment of British rule in Bengal each Raji of Nadiya in 
succession has been created a Maharaja Bahadur. The late Maharaja Satis 
Chandra Rai Bahadur, Rdja of Nadiya, was eminently loyal to the Govern- 
ment, and exceedingly liberal, especially to his tenants and to educational 
institutions. He presented a beautiful park as the site for the Krishnagar 
State College of the Calcutta University, at the town of Krishnagar, which is 
the capital of Nadiya ; and he subscribed largely to the funds, both for the 
building and for the endowment of that important institution. The present 
Maharaja Bahadur was his son by adoption, and has only recently (1890) 
attained his majority. 

Residence. — Krishnagar, Nadiyi, Bengal. 

KHOJANKHBRA, THAKUR BAKHTAWAR SINGH, 

Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief 

Born i860; succeeded to the gadi in 1878. Belongs to a Rajput 
(Hindu) family. The population of the State is about 500. 
Residence. — -Khojankhera, Western Mdlwd, Central India. 

KHORY, A. M., Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. 
Reside7ice. — Mhow, Central India. 

KHUDA BAKHSH, MAULAVI, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1883, as a 
reward for highly meritorious service as Government Pleader. 

Residence. — Patna, Bengal. 

KHUDA BAKHSH KHAN walad JAM NINDO, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being the representative of one of the 
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. He is the only son of the 
Jam Nindo Khan, a member of the Sohribani branch of the Talpur family. 

Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 



252 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

KHUDA BAKHSH KHAN, USHTABANA, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence. — P unjab. 

KHUDADAD KHAN walad KHAN MUHAMMAD 
KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being the representative of one of the 
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

KHUDADAD KHAN, Khdn Saheb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd January 1888. 

Residence. — Sukkurri, Sind. 

KHUMAN SINGH (of Ghatakheri), Thdkur. 

The title is hereditary. 

Residence. — Nimdr, Central Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 253 



KHURSHID JAH, BAHADUE, K.C.I.B., SIE, 

Nawdb, Shams-ul-Umara, Amir-i-Kabir. 

One of the Premier Nobles of the Hyderabad State. 

The Nawab Bahadur, who was born about the year 1838, is the present 
representative (with his brother, the Vikar-ul-Umara, q.v., and his cousin, Sir 
Asman Jah, q.v^ of the great and powerful Shamsiya family, the first among 
the noble families of Hyderabad, which has been frequently connected 
by marriage with the Ruling House, and entrusted with the hereditary 
command of the Paigah or Household Troops of the Nizam. Descended 
from the famous captain, Shaikh Abul Khair Khan, Imam Jang, Shamsher 
Bahadur, who was a Mansabddr in Malwa under the Emperor Aurangzeb. 
He attached himself to the fortunes of the great Asaf Jah, the founder of the 
Hyderabad dynasty, under whose banner he rose to the highest commands. 
In 1745 he defeated a Mahratta force, and under the successors of Asaf 
Jah, the Nizams Nasir Jang and Salabat Jang, he continued his successful 
career. In 1752 he died at Burhanpur; and was succeeded by his son, 
Abul Fateh Khan Teg Jang, who became the first Noble of the Nizam Ali, 
obtaining the command of the Paigah or Household Troops, immense 
territorial possessions, and the titles of Shams-ud-daula, Shams-ul-Mulk, and 
Shams-ul-Umara. He died in 1786, when campaigning in Panghul; and 
was succeeded by his son, who at the early age of four had received from 
the Nizam the titles of Ba-ud-din Khan, Imam Jang, Khurshid-ud-daula, and 
Khurshid-ul-Mulk. He succeeded to all the honours of his father, and 
became a famous scholar and savant, receiving at various times the titles of 
Teg Jang, Shams-ud-daula, Shams-ul-Mulk, Shams-ul-Umara Bahadur, and in 
1827 the title of Amir-i-Kabir. In 1849 he became for a short time Prime 
Minister of Hyderabad. He died in 1862, leaving two sons, Umdat-ul-Mulk 
(who became Amir-i-Kabir) and Ikhtidar-ul-MuIk (who became Vikar-ul- 
Umara). The former died in 1877, when the latter succeeded him in the 
family honours, and as Co-Regent of the State, adding the title of Amir-i- 
Kabir to that of Vikar-ul-Umara. He died in 1881, leaving two sons, the 
Nawab Sir Khurshid Jah Bahadur and the Nawab Vikar-ul-Umara (Ikbal-ud- 
daula, Bahadur). Sir Khurshid was created a Knight Commander of the Most 
Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on i6th February 1877, on the occasion 
of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty ; and he has held 
the offices of Member of the Council of Regency, and Member of the 
Council of State. The Nawab is a fine Persian and Urdu scholar, and has 
travelled in many parts of India. Like their noble kinsman Sir Asman Jah, 
both Sir Khurshid Jah and his brother the Vikar-ul-Umara have shared the 
fortune of their ancestor, in allying themselves in marriage with Princesses of 
the Royal .House of Hyderabad. In his palace at Hyderabad are to be 
seen the sword and armour of his ancestor, Abul Fateh Khan Teg Jang, a 
warrior of great size and height. 

Residences. — Hyderabad ; Shams-ul-Umar4's Baradari, Hyderabad. 



254 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



KHUSHAL SINGH (of Rajaur), Hdjd. 

Born 1 846. The title is hereditary ; the Raja being one of the Chiefs 
of the Chauhan Rajputs, and boasting a direct descent from Prithird,], the 
last Chauhan Rajput Emperor of Delhi, whose 
romantic history is sung by every Hindu bard, and 
whose fall virtually transferred the sovereignty of 
India from the Hindus to the Muhammadans. 
Prithiraj perished in battle with Shahab-ud-din 
Ghori in 1193 a.d. Eighth in descent from him 
was the famous Bhoj Raj of Hansi, who re- 
conquered Ajmir, the old home of the Chauhan 
Rajputs — Prithird,j having been the son of a 
Chauhin Rdja of Ajmir by a daughter of the 
Tomdra Rdjput Raja of Delhi, Anang Pd.1, and 
having been adopted by his maternal grandfather at 
Delhi. Fifth in descent from Bhoj Raj was Dhira 
Raj, who migrated from Hansi to Bilram; and 
fourth in descent from him was Sakit Deo, who 
whose descendants were the Chauhan Rajas of 
Bhupdl Deo, had two sons, Yahini 




The Saniak of the Chauhan 
Rajputs, called Chakra, used 
in the seal and for signature. 

(A circle with four Trisulas or 
Tridents as radii at the car- 
dinal points.) 



founded Sakit, and 
Sakit and Rajaur. His grandson, 
Sahai and Udaicharan ; the latter founded the family of the Chauhan 
Rajas of Mainpuri, the former remained as Raja of Sakit and Rajaur. 
Seven generations later Raja Sawant Sen was driven out of these 
ancestral possessions by the army of Ibrahim Shih Lodi, Sultan ot 
Delhi ; but after the subversion of the Lodi dynasty by the invasion of 
Babar and his Mughals, Sawant Sen's grandson, named Chakra Sen, was 
enabled to return to Sakit and Rajaur as a feudatory of the Mughal Emperor. 
Eight generations followed each other in peaceful possession of the Rdj 
under the strong arm of the Mughals ; and Rdja Hari Singh in the time of 
Aurangzeb was famous for his prowess, won many battles, and was high in 
the favour both of that Emperor and of his successors, the Emperors Farukh- 
siyar and Muhammad Shah. But in the time of Hari Singh's son, Raj 
Singh, the country was given up to anarchy ; and during this disturbed period 
Sakit was seized by the Nawab of Farukhabad, and was lost for ever to the 
Chauhan Rajas of Rajaur. Raj Singh's grandson was Raja Datta Singh ; and 
the grandson of the latter was the late Rdja Drigpdl Singh, father of the 
present Raja. Rajd Khushal Singh has two sons, Kunwar Lai Jagmohan 
Singh, born 1873 > ^-'^d Kunwar Ldl Dharm Singh, born 1883. 

Residence. — Rajaur, Etah, North-Western Provinces. 



KHUSHALRAI SARABHAI, Eao Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. 

Residence. — Ahmadabad, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 255 



KHYRIM, A. KHUR SINGH, Seim of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1843; succeeded to the gadi 4th December 187 1. The Seim is 
Chief of one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States, the population of which 
is about 24,000, and consists of Khasis and Christian converts. 

Residence. — Khyrim, Khasi Hills, Assam. 

KINNU RAI, Rai Bahddur. 

Born 1829. The title is personal, and was conferred on 6th June 1885, 
in recognition of his loyal services during the time of the Mutiny in 1857, 
when he protected the Stud property of the Government at the risk of his 
own life. 

Residence. — Ghdzipur, North- Western Provinces. 



EIRALI, CHOLU walad APSINGH NAIK, Chief of 
A Ruling Chief 

Born 1861 ; succeeded to the ^a^/z ist November 1886. Belongs to a 
Bhil (aboriginal) family. The State (which is one of the Dang States of 
Khandesh) has an area of 12 square miles; and a population of 16 71, chiefly 
Bhils. 

Residence. — Kirali, Khandesh, Bombay. 



KIRAT CHAND (of Lambagraon), Midn. 

The title is hereditary, the Mian being the brother of the late Raja 
Partab Chand of Lambagraon, and the uncle of the present Raja, Jai Chand 
(y.».) of Lambagraon, who is the head of the great Katoch Rajput family of 
Kangra. The Mian is the younger son of Mian Rudra Chand of Lamba- 
graon, who was the grandson of the Raja Tegh Chand of Kangra, and who 
became the head of the Kangra family on the failure of the elder branch. 

Residence. — Lambagraon, Kdngra, Punjab. 



KIRPAL SINGH (of Dhin), Sarddr. 

Born 1836. The title is hereditary. The Sardar is the head of a Jat 
family of Sikhs, descended from Sardar Parsa Singh. The latter was the 
nephew and heir of Sardar Sham Singh, who at the time of the decline of 
the Mughal Empire came from the district of Amritsar, conquered the terri- 
tory of Dhin in the Ambala district of the Punjab, and settled there. Parsa 
Singh's grandson was the Sardar Ranjit Singh, who was slain by Kanh Singh, 
and who was succeeded by his son, the present Sardar. 

Residence. — Ambila, Punjab. 



256 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



KIRPAL SINGH, KUNJAHIA (of Botala), Sarddr. 

Born 1832. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Kshatriya family of 
Sikhs, descended from Sardar Dhanna Singh. The latter was an associate of 
Sardar Nodh Singh, the great-grandfather of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh, and 
he and his descendants followed the fortunes of the ancestors of Ranjit 
Singh. Sardar Kirpal Singh's father, Sardar Ganda Singh, was in attendance 
on the Mahd,rija Sher Singh when that prince was assassinated, and was 
severely wounded in the endeavour to defend him, and was subsequently 
killed at the battle of Firuzshahr, where Sardar Kirpal Singh was also 
wounded. But at the time of the outbreak at Multan, Sardar Kirpal Singh 
was at Hazara, and remained faithful to the British Government, and was 
subsequently confirmed in \\\^jdgirs. His brother, Sardar Partab Singh (^.z*.) 
of Botala, is an Extra Assistant Commissioner of the Punjab. 

Residence. — Gujrdnwdla, Punjab. 

KIRPAL SINGH, Sarddr, Rai Bahddur. 

These titles are personal. The first (Sardar) was conferred on 2nd 
January 1888, and the second (Rai Bahadur) on 24th May 1889. 
Residence. — Rawalpindi, Punjab. 

KISHAN. See Krishan and Krishna. 

KISHAN DATT SINGH (of Oel), Rdjd. 

Born 1861 ; succeeded his father, the late Raja of Oel, on the i8th of 
October 1879. The title is hereditary, having been originally conferred by 
the late King of Oudh in 1849, ^.nd recognised by the British Government 
in December 1877. Belongs to the Jan war family of Kheri, Oudh, of 
which the elder branch is represented by the Raja Achal Singh {q.v.) of 
Kaimahra. But the late Raja of Oel, Raja Anrudh Singh, was recognised as 
the head of the Kheri Janwars on account of his great wealth and ability. 
The family were originally Chauhan Rajputs in the service of the Sa)fyids of 
Pihani, having migrated from Rajputana in the i6th century. In the time 
of Sayyid Khurd, Jamni Khan Janwar became Chaudhri of Kheri in 
1553 A.D., with the right to levy a cess on all the lands in that Pargana. His 
descendants gradually increased their possessions, the Chaudhri Parbal Singh 
Janwar owning Oel, Kaimahra, and Khogi ; and his descendant, the Rai 
Than Singh, of Oel, owning many more villages. In 1838 Rai Umrao 
Singh was the head of the family. The Rai Bakht Singh, grandfather of the 
late Raja Anrudh Singh, built a large and handsome temple at Oel. The 
Raja has a son and heir, named Kunwar Baldeo Singh. 

Residence. — Oel, Kheri, Oudh. 

KISHAN KUMAR, RAI (of Sahaspur), Rdjd. 
Born 25th December 1848. The title of Raja is personal, and was con- 
ferred on 24th May 1882, the family title being Rai. Belongs to a Kshatriya 
(Rajput) family, said to have come from the Punjab, and settled in the district 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 257 

of Moradabad, in the reign of the Emperor Muhammad Shah, by whom the 
title of Rai was conferred on its then head. On the cession of Rohilkhand, 
Rai Atma Ram, great-grandfather of the present Rajd, was chakladdr of 
Bijnor, and subsequently he entered the service of the British Government. 
His grandson, the late Rai Pardaman Kishan, rendered good services during 
the Mutiny of 1857-58, assisting the British officers who had taken refuge at 
Naini Tal by sending them money and information. For these services he 
was rewarded with a grant of estates. The present Raja received a Medal of 
Honour at the Imperial Assemblage of Delhi on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India; and a khilat at the Agra Darbar of loth February 1879. He is an 
Honorary Magistrate. He has a son and heir, Kunwar Raj Kumar. 
Residence. — Sahaspur, Morddabad, North- Western Provinces. 

KISHAN KUNWAR (of R&mpur), Rani. 

Born September 1857. The title is hereditary, the Raja of Rampur 
being the acknowledged head of the Rahtor Rajputs in Northern India, and 
boasting direct descent from the famous Jaichandra, the last Rahtor Raja of 
Kanauj, who was slain in 119 1 a.d., when the Empire of Kanauj was sub- 
verted by Shahab-ud-din Ghori. Their Highnesses the Maharajas of Jodh- 
pur and Bikanir (^.z'.) are descended from the eldest son of Jaichandra, the 
former being the head of the whole Rahtor clan ; and the Raja of Rampur is 
descended from his second son, who was named Jaipal. Prajanpal, the fifth 
in descent from Jaipal, left Kanauj, and established himself at Khor, where 
the family remained for many generations. There Jaideo, fourteenth in 
descent from Jaipal, was attacked by Altamsh, and driven out after a siege of 
twelve years. Eight generations later Karan Singh settled in the district of 
Budaun. His great-grandson. Raja Pratap Rudra, received a grant of terri- 
tory from the Nawab of Farukhabad for assisting him against the RohUlas ; 
and subsequently the Raja Ramsahai, twenty-eighth in descent from Jaipal, 
established the family residence at Rampur in Etah, where it still remains. 
At the time of the cession of the territories of the Nawab to the British, 
Nawal Singh was the Raja of Rampur, and his grandson, the late Raja Ram 
Chandra Singh, was the husband of the present Rani. He died on 20th 
May 1883, and was succeeded by his widow. The Rani has a grandson and 
heir, named Lai Jagmohan Singh, born in 1877. 

Residence. — Azamnagar, Etah, North- Western Provinces. 

KISHAN PARTAB BAHADUR SAHAI (of Tamkuhi), Rdjd. 

Born 1848. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Bhuinhar Rajput 
family, claiming descent from Mayur Bhat, more than a hundred generations 
back A descendant, named Raja Fateh Sahai, Bhuinhdr Rdja of Hoshiar- 
pur in Saran, after the battle of Baksar in 1764, was driven from his Raj by 
the troops of the East India Company, and settled on the Tamkuhi estates, 
previously purchased by him, in Gorakhpur. Raja Fateh Sahai's grandson 
was the father of the present Raja, and obtained from the British Govern- 
ment the recognition of his title as hereditary. The Raja has a son and 
heir, named Kunwar Satrajit Partab Bahadur Sahai, born 27th July 1864. 

Residence. — Tamkuhi, Gorakhpur, North- Western Provinces. 



2SS THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



KISHAN SINGH (of Rai), MMk. 

The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Rajput family, descended from 
Raja Indar Singh, who ruled in Shahpur in the Kdngra district. He married 
a daughter of the Katoch Raja of Kangra (see Jai Chand, Raja of Lamba- 
graon, Kdngra), whither he fled when driven out of his own territory by Rdjd 
Pirthi Singh; and his grandson, Midn Ishri Singh, father of the present 
Miin, obtained a considerable /li^/r from the Raja Sansar Chand of Kdngra, 
son of Raja Tegh Chand. Ishri Singh's sister was married to the Jammu 
Rajd, Dhian Singh. 

Residence. — Rai, Kdngra, Punjab. 

KISHAN SINGH, Sarddr. 

Born 1847. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Jat (Sikh) family, 
descended from the Sarddr Gurbakhsh Singh, who acquired some territory in 
the Ambdla district by conquest in 1759 a.d. The representatives of the 
family rendered good service during the first Sikh war of 1845-46, and also 
zX the time of the Mutiny in 1857. 

Residence. — Ambdla, Punjab. 

KISHAN SINGH, MILMYAL, Rai Bahddur. 

Born 13th August 1850. The title was conferred on 12th December 
1884, in recognition of his remarkable services to the State, and to science, 
as an explorer in Nepal, Great Tibet, Mongolia, and elsewhere. Belongs to 
a Rdjburah family of Rajputs long settled in Kumdun, who, during the rule 
of the Chands and Gurkhas there, held lease of the Pargands of Johdr and 
Dhdnpur. In 181 2 his father, Deo Singh, procured the release of two 
British subjects from Tibet. The Rai Bahadur has been deputed on explora- 
tion duty four times ; and has received honours from the Royal Geographical 
Society, and the Geographical Society of France, as well as substantial 
rewards from the Government. 

Residence. — Kumdun, North-Westem Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



259 




KISHANG-ARH, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAJ-ADHIRAJ 
SARDUL SINGH BAHADUR, G.C.I.E., Mahdrdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 
Bom loth December 1857 ; succeeded to the ^a^// 2Sth December 1879. 
Is one of the Chiefs of the great Rahtor clan of Rajputs (see Jodhpur), and 

belongs to the Kishansinghot sept or 
sub-clan, so-called from Kishan Singh, 
who was the founder of this State and 
city, and was the second of the twelve 
sons of Raja Udai Singh of Jodhpur, 
nicknamed Mota Rdjd (the Fat Raja) 
by the Emperor Akbar. His Highness 
is a Hindu of the Ballabhkul Vaish- 
nava sect, and was the son and successor 
of the late Maharaja Pirthi Singh. 
He was married in 1870 a.d. to the 
eldest daughter of the Maharao Umed 
Singhji of Sirohi, and on ist January 
1892 was created a Knight Grand 
Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. His High- 
ness has only one son, the Maharaj-Kunwar Madan Singh, bom 2nd 
November 1884, who is now the heir-apparent, as in March 1880 the Maha- 
raja had the sorrow of losing an elder son when only five years old. The 
Maharaja has two younger brothers — Maharaj Jawan Singhji, and Maharaj 
Raghunath Singhji. The families most nearly related to His Highness are the 
Rdjwin (or royal) family groups of Fatehgarh and Ralaota, which are, how- 
ever, connected with him only in the seventh and eighth degree of relation- 
ship respectively. As descendant of the Mota Raja, Udai Singh of Jodhpur, 
the Maharaja has sub-clan relationship with the Chiefs of Jodhpur and 
Bikaner in Rajputana ; Ratlam, Jhabua, Sailana, Sitamau, and other Rahtor 
chiefs in Central India ; and Idar in Gujarat. By marriage His Highness is 
related to all the other great Rajput Houses, being himself the head of one of 
the greatest and most illustrious ; viz., with the Sesodias of Udaipur and 
Partabgarh, with the Kachhwahas of Jaipur and Alwar, the Hara houses of 
Bundi and Kotah, the Bhatis of Jaisalmir, and the Jhalas and Shekhawats. 
Among the more important of these matrimonial connections, which are 
interesting as illustrating the inter-marriages of the most illustrious Rajput 
Houses, may be mentioned the following : — 

With the Sesodias of Udaipur (the family of" The Sun of the Hindus""). 

1. His Highness's grandmother (widow of the Mahdrdjd. Mokham 
Singh of Kishangarh) is a daughter of the Mahdrdnd Amar Singhji of 
Udaipur. 

2. His Highness's eldest sister is Dowager Mahdrdni of Udaipur, being 
a widow of the late Mahdrdnd Sajan Singhji. 

3. His Highness's son and heir-apparent, the Mahdrdj-Kunwdr Madan 
Singh, has been recently betrothed to the fourth daughter of His High- 
ness the present Mahdrdnd Fateh Singhji. 

The Kachhwdhas offaifur. 

His Highness's third sister is married to the present Mahdrdjd Sawai 
Madho Singhji, Chief of Jaipur, and is the Mahdrdni of Jaipur. 



26o THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

The Kachhwdhas of Alwar. 

His Highness's second sister was married to the late lamented Mahd- 

r^jd Mangal Singhji, late Chief of Alwar, and was the (Pdt) head Mahd- 

rdni of Alwar. 
The Haras of Bundi . 

1. The late Mahdrdji Ramsingh of Bundi's mother was a Kishangarh 
Prince^. 

2. His Highness's niece, a daughter of Mahdrdj Jawdn Singhji, has 
been recently betrothed to the younger brother of the present Mahdrdjd 
of Bundi. 

The Jhdlds of Jhdldwdr. 

His Highness's fourth and youngest sister is married to the Mahir^j 
Rdnd Zalim Singhji, present Chief of JhdMwir, and is the (Pit) head 
Mahirini of Jhdldwir. 

To the above may be added that His Highness's mother was a Princess 
of the " Ranawat " (Sesodia) clan, being a daughter of the late Raja Dhiraj 
Madho Singhji of Shahpura. In addition to the titles given above, formally 
recognised by the Government as belonging to the Maharaja of Kishangarh, 
His Highness also bears those of Umdai Rajhai and Buland Makmi. The 
area of the State is 724 square miles; its population is 112,633, chiefly 
Hindus, but including 8492 Muhammadans and 6295 Jains. The Maha- 
raja maintains a military force of 499 cavalry, 2000 infantry, and 51 guns; 
and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. 

Anns. — Argent, three towers proper, two and one ; in chief a Barry of 
5 — gules, vert, argent, azure, or. [This is the Rdjput Pancharanga, see Jaipur.] 
Supporters. — Two horses. Crest. — A falcon rising, proper. [This is the 
sacred Garur, the cognisance of the Rdhtor Rdjputs, see Jodhpur.] Motto. — 
The Hindi words Niti Riti, meaning " Law and Usage." 

Residence. — Kishangarh, Rijputdna. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 261 



KISHOR SINGH (of Patehpur), Rdjd. 

Born I St August 1834; succeeded his father i6th March 1861. The 
title is hereditary, having been originally granted by the Raja Kamal Nain, 
Raj Gond Raja of Mandla. Belongs to an ancient Raj Gond family, that 
claims an antiquity of more than 900 years in their present jdgir of Fateh- 
pur. The tradition in the family is that the jdgir was granted to them in 
939 A.D. An ancient sanadm the possession of the Raja records the grant 
(or possibly the confirmation) of the jdgir to the family by the Raj Gond 
Raja of Mandla in 1500 a.d. The Raja is an Honorary Magistrate, and has 
two sons — Lai Thdkur Singh and Lai Mahip Singh. 

Residence. — Fatehpur, Hoshangabad, Central Provinces. 

KISHOR SINGH (of Ghamari), Rao. 
Born 1 840. The title is hereditary, and the Raos of Chamdri formerly 
held great possessions in the Sagar district. The title was originally con- 
ferred by the Raja Mori Pahludh of Chanderi, and, has been recognised by 
the British Government. The Rao has two sons, the elder (who has the 
courtesy title of Diwan) being Diwan Parichhat Singh Jangjit, and the 
younger being Jujhar Singh. 

Residence. — Chamdri, Sdgar, Central Provinces. 

KODB NARAYANASWAMI NAYUDU, Rai Bahddur. 

Born 1846. The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 
1887, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious 
Majesty. Entered the Government service in 1874; has rendered good 
service both in the Central Provinces and in Madras. During the Rumpa 
and Gudiem disturbances, 1879-86, served with much distinction in the 
Madras Police, and again in the Golugonda Hill disturbances of 1891. 

Residence. — Vizianagram, Vizagapatam, Madras. 



262 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



KOLHAPUR, HIS HIGHNESS SHAHU CHHATRAPATI 
MAHABAJ, Rdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1875 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor on 17th March 1884. Is 
a descendant of the Mahratta family of Sivaji the Great, the founder of the 
Mahratta Empire, being descended from Raja Rdm, his second son, and 
husband of the famous Tara Bai. Sivaji's elder son Sambhaji was taken 
prisoner by the Emperor Aurangzeb, and ultimately executed ; and his son 
Shahu was long detained in prison by the Mughals, but obtained his liberty 
in 1707, fixed his capital at Satdra, and asserted his rights as the heir of 
his grandfather Sivaji. Meanwhile Rajd Ram had died, and his widow, Tara 
Bdi, a woman of great ability and courage, assumed the administration of 
Kolhapur in the name of her elder son Sivaji II., who was an idiot child of ten 
years, and proclaimed him Raja of the Mahrattas. The latter died in 17 12, 
when his half-brother Sambhaji (son of RAja Ram by another wife) succeeded • 
him, and removed Tdra Bai from the administration. The contending 
claims of Shahu, Rdja of Satdra, and Sambhaji, Raja of Kolhapur, were at 
length settled in 1731, when precedence was surrendered to Satara, and the 
independence of Kolhapur acknowledged. In 1 8 11 a treaty with the British 
Power was concluded, by which Kolhdpur became a feudatory ; and as the 
Raja remained faithful to the British cause in the war against the Peshwa in 
181 7, he received some additional territory. A descendant, Sivaji III., died in 
1866, and on his deathbed was allowed to adopt his sister's son. Raja Rdm. 
In 1870 Rdjd Rdm visited Europe, and died at Florence on his return 
journey. His adopted son was Sivaji Mahdraja Chhatrapati IV., who was 
made a Knight of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. He became 
insane, and the Government appointed a relative, the Chief of Kagal, as 
Regent. Sivaji IV. died in December 1883, and was succeeded, by adop- 
tion, by His Highness the present Rdjd, who was the eldest son of the 
Regent. The area of the State is 2816 square miles; and its population is 
800,189, chiefly Hindus, but including 33,022 Muhammadans and 46,732 
Jains. The Rdjd has eleven feudatory Chiefs subordinate to him, of whom 
the most important are those of Vithdlgarh, Bdvda, Kapshi, Kdgal, Ichal- 
karanji Torgal, and Datva. His Highness, with his feudatories, maintains a 
mihtary force of 255 cavalry, 1902 infantry, and 67 guns; and is entitled to 
a salute of 19 guns. 

Residence. — Kolhdpur, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 263 



KONDKA, MAHANT SHAM KISHOR DAS, Mahant of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1838; succeeded to the ^a^/ 13th December 1887. Belongs to 
a Bairagi (Hindu) family of Mahants, or Chief Priests, the regulations of his 
order permitting marriage. The area of the State is 174 square miles; its 
population is 32,979, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Kondka, Raipur, Central Provinces. 

KOREA, RAJA PRAN SING-H DEO, Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1857 ; succeeded to the gadi 4th April 1864 as a minor. Belongs 
to a Rijput (Hindu) family, claiming descent from a Chauhan Rdjput Chief 
named Dhawal Singh, who came to Korea from Rdjputana about 600 years 
ago, and conquered the country. The title of Rdji is hereditary in the 
family from early times, and was formally conferred by the British Govern- 
ment in 1875. The area of the State (which is one of the Chota Nd,gpur 
Tributary Mahals) is 1631 square miles; and its population is 29,846, chiefly 
Hindus. 

Residence. — Korea, Mdnbhum, Chota Ndgpur, Bengal. 



264 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



KOTAH, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAO UMBD SINGH 

BAHADUR, Mahdrao of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1873; succeeded to the gadi nth June 1889. Like His High- 
ness the Mahdrao Raja of Bundi, the Maharao is one of the chiefs of the 
Kara sept of the great Chauhan clan of Rajputs — Kotah forming with Bundi 
the tract known for centuries as Haraoti, after the name of that sept. Is 
descended from Madhu Singh, the second son of the Rao Ratan of Bundi, 
who about the year 1625 a.d. was granted the feudatory Chiefship of Kotah 
and its dependencies, for his services to the Emperor Jahangir against his re- 
bellious son, who afterwards became the Emperor Shah Jahan. Similar services 
to the latter Emperor were rendered by Madhu Singh's son and successor, 
Mokand Singh ; who, with three of his brothers, fell in a battle at Ujjain 
against Shah Jahan's rebellious son, who afterwards became the Emperor 
Aurangzeb. Mokand Singh was succeeded by his son Jagat Singh. Early 
in the present century, Kotah, greatly weakened by intestine dissensions, was 
attacked by Jaipur and by the Mahrattas, to whom it became tributary. It 
was only saved from ruin by the extraordinary abilities of its great Minister, 
Zalim Singh, to whom the Maharao gave up the active task of ruling the 
State. During a Ministry of forty-five years Zalim Singh raised the State of 
Kotah to great prosperity Ultimately, in 1838, it was arranged that Zalim 
Singh's descendants should receive independent charge of a part of the State, 
as feudatories of the Empire ; and this part became a separate Principality, 
under the name of Jhalawar {q.v.) The late Maharao, Chhatra Sal Singh, 
succeeded his father in 1866; and on his death in 1889 was succeeded by 
his adopted son, the present Maharao, as a minor. His Highness is at 
present a student in the Mayo College, Ajmir ; he is as yet unmarried, but 
is betrothed to a daughter of His Highness the Maharana of Udaipur, which 
is the most illustrious marriage that can be made by a Hindu Prince. The 
area of the State is 3797 square miles; its population is 517,275, chiefly 
Hindus, but including 32,866 Muhammadans and 4750 Jains. His Highness 
maintains a military force of 949 cavalry, 5756 infantry, and 148 guns, and is 
entitled to a salute of 17 guns. The family banner is orange in colour, 
displaying a figure of the Garur or sacred falcon of the Hara Rajputs. 

Residence. — Kotah, Rdjputdna. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 265 



KOTHARIA, JARBJA JETHIJI, Tdlukddr of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1828 ; succeeded to the gadi 8th January 1857. The State, which 

is tributary to the Nawab of Junagarh, has an area of 6 square miles, and 

a population of 2366, chiefly Hindus. The Chief maintains a military force 

of 4 cavalry and 38 infantry. 

Residence. — Kothiria, Kdthidwdr. 

KOTHI, RAJA BAHADUR BHAGWAT BAHADUR SINGH, 

Raj a of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1852; succeeded to the gadt 5th June 1887. Belongs to a 
Baghel Rajput family (Hindu) ; his father was Raja Ran Bahadur Singh ; 
and the family have been seated in Kothi for a great many years, and 
were confirmed in possession by the British Government. The area of the 
State is 90 square miles; its population is 18,386, chiefly Hindus. The 
Raja maintains a military force of 35 cavalry, 210 infantry, and 4 guns. 

Residence. — Kothi, Baglielkhand, Central India. 

KOTHIDB, BHUMIA MOTI SINGH, Bhumia of 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1850; succeeded to the gadi in i860. Belongs to a Bhilala 
family. The population of the State is about 500. 
Residence. — Kothide, Bhopdwar, Central India. 

KOTI, Chief of 

Is a feudatory of the Raja of Keonthal (^.z/.), and rules over one of the 
Simla Hill States. 

Residence. — Koti, Simla Hills,' Punjab. 

KOTRA SANGANI, THAKUR MULVAJI TOGAJI, Thdkur of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1873; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 23rd November 1887. 
Belongs to a Jareja Rajput family. The area of his State is 74 square 
miles; its population is 8642, chiefly Hindus. The Thdkur maintains a 
military force of 8 cavalry, 142 infantry, and 4 guns. 

Residence — Kotra Sangani, Kdthidwar. 

KOTTAYAM, KERALA VARMA RAJA, Valiya Raja of 
Born 1842. Belongs to a family that claims to be of Kshatriya origin, 
and to have come from the east and acquired sovereignty in Wainad. 
Subsequently they appear to have acquired some territory from the Raja of 



266 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

Chitrakal in Malabar, either by a gift or in war. On Haidar's invasion of 
Malabar the Raja and all his family fled to Travancore ; returned in 1782, 
but fled to Travancore a second time on Tippu's invasion in 1789, and died 
there. The family, like that of the Zamorin of Calicut and other Chiefs of 
Malabar, follows the Marumakkatayam. law of inheritance, by which the 
succession is to the offspring of its female members, among whom the next 
eldest male after the Rdja is his heir-apparent. The late Valiya Rdjd of 
Kottayam was called Shangara Varma Raja ; and he was succeeded by the 
present Valiya Rajd under the Marumakkatayam law. He receives an 
allowance from Government in compensation for the estate that belonged 
to his ancestors. 

Residence. — Malabar, Madras. 

KOURB KHAN, JATOI, Khdn Bahddur. 

Honorary Magistrate of Muzaffargarh. Created a Khan Bahadur, as a 
personal distinction, 2nd January 1893. 
Residence. — Muzaffargarh, Punjab. 

ERISHAN DATT RAM (of Singha Chanda), Rdjd. 
The title is personal, and was recognised in 1877. 
Residence. — Gonda, Gudh. 

KRISHNA CHANDAR RAI, Rai Bahddur. 

Born in 1823. The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th July 
1885, "for long and meritorious service under Government." The Rai 
Bahadur rendered excellent service as Deputy-Magistrate and Deputy-Collector 
of Diamond Harbour. Belongs to an old Baidya family, formerly of Mur- 
shidabad, now settled in the Dacca district, and known as the Baira Rais ; 
descended from Sri Chandra Rai, who served under the Nawib Shaista 
Khin, and received from him a khilat. Educated at Dacca College ; 
appointed to the service of the Government of Bengal in 184 1. Is an 
Honorary Presidency Magistrate of Calcutta, Vice-President of the East 
Bengal Association, etc. He has five sons — Lalit Chandra Rai, physician, 
born 1852 ; Vipina Chandra Rai, D.L., of the Judicial Service, born 1854; 
Hem Chandra Rai, M.A., B.L., born 1864; Sarat Chandra Rai, B.L., born 
1867 ; Gnan Chandra Rai, B.A., born 1870. 

Residence. — Baira, Minikganj, Dacca, Bengal. 

KRISHNA NATH, PANDIT, NYAYAPANCHANANA, 

Mahdmahofddhydya. 

The title was conferred, as a personal distinction, on 24th May 1892, 
in recognition of his eminence as a Sanskrit Scholar. It entitles him to 
take rank in Darbdr immediately after titular Rdjds. The title Nydyapan- 
chdnana is a literary title or degree, conferred by the learned Pandits of the 
Sanskrit University of Navadwipa or Nadiyi, and refers to proficiency 
in the Nydya school of logic. 

Residence. — Purbasthali, Nadiyd, Bengal. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 267 



KRISHNA PBRTAP SINGH SAHI, K.C.I.B. (of Hutwa), 
Mahdrdjd Bahadur. See Hatwa. 

KRISHNA SAH, LALA, Rat Bahddur. 
Born i8th March 1856. The title was conferred on 2nd January 1888, 
as a personal distinction, in recognition of his services as an Honorary 
Magistrate and Member of the Municipal Commission of Nainital. Is the 
son of the late Lala Moti Ram Sah, the well-known banker, who rendered 
distinguished services to the Government in the time of the Mutiny in 1857, 
and received a handsome reward for them. Belongs to a Rajput family of 
the North-Western Provinces. 

Residence. — Nainitil, North-Western Provinces. 

KRISHNA SAHAI, LALA, Rai Bahddur. 

Born 2nd April 1824. The title was conferred on 2nd January 1888, as 
a personal distinction, in recognition of his services as an Honorary Magistrate 
and Member of the District Board of Meerut. The family has from time 
immemorial been bankers and landowners in the North-Western Provinces. 

Residence. — Meerut, North-Western Provinces. 

KRISHNA SINGHj PANDIT (Thakur of Bhoar), Mahdmahopddhydya. 

The title is a personal one, and was conferred on ist January 1890, for 
eminence in oriental learning. It entitles him to take rank in Darbar 
immediately after titular Rajas. 

Residence. — Bhoar, Madhubani, Darbhanga, Bengal. 

KRISHNAJI LAKSHMAN NALKAR, CLE., The Hon. 

A Member of the Viceroy's Legislative Council. Was created a 
Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, ist January 
1888. 

Residence. — Calcutta. 

KRISHNALAL OCHAVRAM, Rao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 30th July 1886. 
Residence. — Ahmadabad, Bombay. 

KRISHNARAO GAJANAND, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 30th July 1886. 
Residence. — Ratnagiri, Bombay. 

KRISHNARAO MALHARRAO, Vishwasrao. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Khindesh, Bombay. 



268 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



KRISTBNDRA EAI (of BoUhar), Rdjd Bahddur. 

The title was conferred on i6th February 1887, as a personal distinction, 
on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Majesty. He belongs to 
an old Kulin Brdhman family, originally called Sanydl, and long settled at 
Bolihar in the district of Rajshahi, Bengal. Is descended from Ram Rai 
Sinyil, whose grandson was Ram Chandra Rai. His grandson was the Rdjd 
Rajendra Rai, whose adopted son was the Rdjd Shiva Prasdd Rai, father of 
the present Rdjd Bahddur. He rendered good service to the Government 
during the scarcity of 1874. 

Residence. — Bolihar, Rdjshdhi, Bengal. 

KRISTO CHANDAR GHOSH, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888, for good 
service in the Opium Department. 
Residence. — Bankipur, Bengal. 

KSHBTRA CHANDRA ADITYA, Rai Bahddur. 

The Rai Bahadur has rendered good service in the Military Accounts 
Department, and received the title as a personal distinction on 25th 
May 1892. 

Residence. — Simla. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 269 



KUCH BBHAR, LIEUT. - COLONEL HIS HIGHNESS MAHA- 
RAJA SIR NRIPENDRA NARAYAN BHUP BAHADUR, 
G.C.I.E., Mahdrdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 4th October 1862; succeeded his father, the late Maharaja 
Narendra Narayan Bhup Bahadur, in August 1863. Belongs to a Kochi 
family that has held uninterrupted sovereignty for the last 382 years in this 
territory, since their first settlement in the plains ; from which family also 
descend the Bijni and Darung Houses of Assam, the Raikats of Baikanthapur 
{(j.v}) in Jalpaiguri, and the Panga family in Rangpur. His Highness was 
educated,^rrf, in the Wards Institute at Benares ; secondly, under the guardian- 
ship of Mr. H. St. J. Kneller, in the Bankipur College, Patna, and next as a 
Law Student in the Presidency College, Calcutta. During his minority the 
State rendered good service in the Bhutan war 1863-65, for which two 
guns were presented to His Highness by the British Government. Was 
presented with medal and sword in 1877 at the Imperial Assemblage at 
Delhi, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as 
Empress of India. Married, in March 1878, the eldest daughter of the 
famous Reformer, Kesub Chander Sen. Was sent to England the same year 
to complete his education, under the joint guardianship of Surgeon-Major 
(now Sir) Benjamin Simpson and Mr. Kneller. Returned to India in the 
spring of 1879, and was formally installed on his ancestral gadi on the 8th 
November 1883, by the Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal. The titles of 
Maharaja Bhup Bahadur were recognised as hereditary by the Government 
of India in 1885. His Highness was appointed Honorary Major in the 
British Army in the same year. He visited England in the Jubilee year 
1887, to take part in the rejoicings on the occasion of the Jubilee of the 
reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty, with the Maharani and children, and 
was invested with the Insignia of Grand Commander of the Most Eminent 
Order of the Indian Empire by Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen 
Empress herself, the Maharani being invested with the Imperial Order of the 
Crown of India in the same year. Was made Honorary Aide-de-camp to 
His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel 
in the British Army. The Maharaja in 1888 established the Brahmo Somaj 
or the Reformed Church in the State of Kuch Behar. He founded the 
Victoria College for higher education therein, and granted a long term 
settlement of revenue to his subjects for thirty years, assessments being 
made on the most approved principles. His Highness established the India 
Club at Calcutta in 1882, founded Nripendra Narayan Hall at Jalpaiguri in 
1883, and presented house and lands at Darjiling, wherewith the Lowis 
Jubilee Sanitarium was started at that station in 1887, and established the 
"Anandamayi Dharmasala" (almshouse) in 1889. The Maharaja's age is 
now thirty, and he has issue, four sons and two daughters. While in 
England in 1887 he received the distinguished masonic honour of Past 
Grand Senior Warden of England at the hands of the Most Worshipful the 
Grand Master, made District Grand Master of Bengal in 1890, installed 
District Grand Mark Master of Bengal, 1891. 

The area of the State is 1307 square miles; its population is 602,624, 
chiefly Hindus, but including 174,539 Muhammadans. His Highness main- 



270 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

tains a military force of 9 cavalry, 176 infantry, and 4 guns, and is entitled 
to a salute of 13 guns. The ancestral banner of the family displays a sword 
and a blade of grass (with which, according to tradition, one of the Maharaja's 
ancestors cut off the head of an enemy as an offering to the Goddess Kali). 
The supporters are a tiger and an elephant. The crest is a "Hanuman," 
holding a club in each hand. 

Residences. — Kuch Behar, Bengal ; Calcutta ; Darjiling. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 271 

KUDRAT AZIZ. See Muhammad Kudrat Aziz. 

KUDRAT-ULLA, SHAIKH, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 12th October i860. 
Reside?tce. — Birbhum, Bengal. 



KUMARA VBNKATA PERUMAL RAZ (of Edrvetnagar), Edjd. 

The title is hereditary, having been in the family from early times, and 
confirmed by the British Government in 1802. Is the son of the late Raja 
of Karvetnagar, Raja Kumara Bomma Raz. Belongs to a family that was 
called the Bomma Raz (or " Bomrauze ") family, that rose to power in the 
district of North Arcot about 200 years ago, in consequence of the decline of 
the Vijayanagar dynasty. The family cognisance is a white flag with the 
device of a boar on its iield ; the family motto, borne on its seal, is Kdrvet- 
nagar Venugopdlaswdmi Sahdyam, meaning "May Venugopalaswami — the. 
deity of Karvetnagar — assist." 

Residence. — Karvetnagar, North Arcot, Madras. 



KUMHARSAIN, RANA HIRA SINGH, Rdnd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1851 ; succeeded to the gadi 12th November 1874. Belongs to a 
Rajput family, whose founder, Kirat Singh, came from Gaya about 1000 a.d., 
and acquired possession of the State by conquest. The State, formerly a 
feudatory of Bashahr, was taken under direct British protection after the 
expulsion of the Gurkhas in 181 5, by a j'araai/ dated February 181 6. Rana 
Kehr Singh died without issue in 1839, and in consideration of his early 
attachment to British interests during the Gurkha war, the Government 
confirmed the State to a collateral heir of the family named Rana Pritam 
Singh. His successor was the Rana Bhawani Singh, who was succeeded in 
1874 by the present Rana. The area of the State, which is one of the Simla 
Hill States, is 94 square miles; its population is 9515, chiefly Hindus. The 
Rana maintains a military force of 45 infantry and i gun. 

Residence. — Kumharsain, Simla Hills, Punjab. 



KUMUD KRISHNA SINGH (of Susang), Mahdrdjd. 
See Susang, Mahdrdjd of. 

KUN KYI (SAWBWA), Kyet Thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 17th April 1890. It means 
" Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour," and is indicated by the letters 
K.S.M. after the name. 

Residence. — Mone, Burma. 



272 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



KUNHIAR, THAKUR TBGH SINGH, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1836; succeeded to the gadi in 1867. Belongs to a Rajput 
(Hindu) family ; descended from Bhoj Deo, who in early times came from 
jammu, and conquered this territory. The State was overrun by the 
Gurkhas at the beginning of the century ; but on their expulsion by the 
British in 181 5, it was confirmed to Rao Puran Deo, the then Thakur, by a 
sanad dated 4th September 181 5. The present Thdkur succeeded Rao 
Kishan Singh on the death of the latter in 1867. The area of the State is 
9 square miles ; its population is 1923, chiefly Hindus. The Thdkur has a 
son named Shib Singh, and maintains a military force of 2 o infantry. 

Residence. — Kunhiar, Simla Hills, Punjab. 



KUNJAL SINGH (of Bhdtgaon), Rdjd. 

The title is hereditary. Belongs to a family descended from Jogi Rai, 
who was the Diwan of Kalyan Sai, Rajd of Ratnapur. 
Residence. — Bhdtgaon, Bildspur, Central Provinces. 



KURANDWAD (Senior Branch), CHINTAMAN RAO RAGHU- 

NATH, alias BALA SAHBB PATWARDHAN, Chief of . 

A Ruling Chief 

Born 14th February 1850; succeeded to the gadi 25th January 1876. 
Belongs to a Konkanasth Brahman (Hindu) family, claiming descent from 
Hari Rath, of Kotwadi. His descendant, Trimbak Rao of Kotwadi in the 
Konkan, obtained Kurandwad ,in i?idm, and was succeeded by his son, 
Nilkanta Rao, who received the saranjam and the title of Sardar from the 
Peshwd. The Chief has a son and heir named Bhalchandra Rao, with 
the title of " Anna Saheb." The area of the State, which is in the Southern 
Mahratta country, is 182 square miles; its population is 35,187, chiefly 
Hindus, but including 3409 Muhammadans. The Chief maintains a 
military force of 10 cavalry, 164 infantry, and 2 guns. 

There are three chiefs of Kurandwad, all of the Patwardhan family, the 
Bala Saheb Patwardhan being the Chief of that division of the State that is 
known as " Kurandwdd (senior branch)," — being rather a larger part ; while 
the Bdpu Saheb Patwardhan and the Daji Saheb Patwardhan are jointly the 
Chiefs of that part that is known as " Kurandwad (junior branch)." 

Residence.-^-Kvxsxi&vfiA, Southern Mahratta Country, Bombay. 

KURANDWAD (Junior Branch), GANPAT RAO HARIHAR, 
alias BAPU SAHBB PATWARDHAN, Chief of 

A Ruling Chief 

Born 1839; succeeded to the gadi 5th April 1854. Belongs to a 
Konkanasth Brahman family {see Kurandwdd, senior branch). Shares the 
Chiefship of this State with the Daji Saheb Patwardhan. The State has 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 273 

an area of 114 square miles, and a population of 25,811, chiefly Hindus, 
but including 2548 Muhammadans. The Chiefs maintain a military force of 
12 cavalry, 306 infantry, and i gun. 

Residence. — Kurandwid, Southern Mahratta Country, Bombay. 



KURANDWAD (Junior Branch), HARIHAR RAO VINAYAK, 

alias DAJI SAHBB PATWARDHAN, Chief of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1852 ; succeeded to Xh& gadi as a minor 5th April 1854. Belongs 
to a Konkanasth Brahman (Hindu) family {see Kurandwad, senior branch). 
Shares the Chiefship of this State with the Bapu Saheb Patwardhan {vide supra). 

Residence. — Kurandwid, Southern Mahratta Country, Bombay. 

KURWAI, NAWAB MUNAWAR ALI KHAN, Nawdb of 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1869; succeeded to the gadi 15th January 1887. Belongs to a 
Pathan (Muhammadan) family, descended from Nawab Dalel Khan, an 
Afghan leader. His descendant, the Nawab Muhammad Nazaf Khan, 
succeeded to the gadi in 1858. Having rendered good service to Govern- 
ment, and being without male issue, he was permitted to adopt his grandson, 
the son of his eldest daughter, who is the present Nawab. The family 
banner is green, bearing on its field a crescent. The area of the State is 
about 140 square miles; its population is 24,631, chiefly Hindus, but 
including 3609 Muhammadans. The Nawab maintains a military force of 
12 cavalry, 190 infantry, and 9 guns. 

Residence. — Kurwai, Bhopdl, Central India. 



KUSALPURA, Thdkur of See Kassalpura. 



274 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



KUTCH 




CQURAGE-ANDCONFIDENCE 



KUTCH, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAO SHRI MIRZA RAJA 
SAWAI SIR KHBNGARJI BAHADUR, G.C.I.B., Rao of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born i6th August 1867; succeeded to the gadi 19th December 1875. 
Is Chief of the Jareja Rajputs, who came to Kutch from Sind early in the 

14th century, under the leadership of his 
ancestor, the Jam Lakha Phulani, son of 
Jdra, from whom the clan takes its name. 
Lakha is said to have completed the con- 
quest of Kutch in the year 1320 a.d. His 
descendant, Khengar, when only a lad of 
fourteen, slew a lion with his sword at a 
hunting party with the King of Ahmadabad, 
who was so much pleased with this feat that 
he conferred on the young prince the 
territory of Morvi, in the north of Kathiawar, 
with the title of Rao. After this the Rao 
Khengar succeeded in making himself the 
master of the whole of Kutch, with the 
city of Bhuj for his capital, in 1548 a.d. 
Khengar's uncle, the Jam Rawal, fled to 
Kd.thiawar, and founded the State of Nawanagar, the rulers of which are still 
called Jdms. The Rao Khengar I. was succeeded by Rao Bharmal I., 
during whose reign, from 1585 to 1631 a.d., the government of Gujarat 
passed from the Kings of Ahmadabad to the Mughal Emperors. Bharmal, 
who was at the head of a large military force, visited the Emperor Jahdngir 
in 1 61 7, and received from him most costly presents, including his own 
horse, elephants, dagger, and a sword with diamond-mounted hilt. A de- 
scendant, Rao Lakhpatji, who reigned from 1741 to 1760 a.d., set up a 
cannon-foundry, and introduced other manufactures from Europe by the aid 
of an adventurer named Ramsingh ; and the mechanical skill and working in 
metals, for which the craftsmen of Kutch are still famous, date from this reign. 
In 1809 the rulers of Kutch sought British help ; the Rao Raidhan II. being 
on the gadi, but the administration of the State being carried on by a very 
powerful and ambitious Prime Minister named Fatheh Muhammad. A treaty 
was signed in that year, and again another in 1812. In 1813 both Fatheh 
Muhammad and the Rao died. The latter was succeeded by his son, Rao 
Bharmal II. ; but there was so much disorder in the State that the British 
Power was compelled to intervene, and to send troops into the Principality 
in 181 6, and again in 18 18-19. On the latter occasion the Rao was 
deposed, and his son, the Rao Desalji II., succeeded as a minor, and ruled 
happily for more than forty years, till i860. He took vigorous measures to 
suppress infanticide, satt (or the burning of widows on the funeral pile of 
their deceased husbands), and the trade in slaves. On the death of Rao 
Desalji in i860, the Government of Bombay thus recorded the official 
appreciation of his career : " Marked by a love of truth and plain dealing, 
Rao Desalji was probably more than any one else in Kutch learned in the 
traditions and customs of the Province. He was a careful and painstaking 
judge, and a staunch and devoted ally of the British Government. With the 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 275 

help of a few Chiefs and Court servants he managed the whole business of 
the country, and by his knowledge of their character, friendly intercourse, 
and timely concessions, avoided any struggle with the Jareja chiefs." The 
" Jdreja chiefs " referred to are the BMyad — brotherhood or frerage of the 
ruling family, being all descendants of the first Rao. The Rao Desalji II. 
was succeeded by his late Highness the Maharao Pragmalji, father of the 
present Rao. During the fifteen years of his rule, i860 to 1875, he showed 
himself anxious to improve the management of the State. He framed codes 
for the guidance of his officers in matters of civil and criminal justice, he 
undertook works of public usefulness, and introduced State systems of public 
instruction and of vaccination. In recognition of his excellent administra- 
tion he was in 1 8 7 1 honoured with the title of Knight Grand Commander of the 
Star of India. Unlike his forefathers, none of whom left Kutch, he thrice 
visited Bombay — in 1870 to meet His Royal Highness the Duke of Edin- 
burgh, in 187 1 to take part in a Chapter of the Star of India, and in October 
1875 to meet His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. These happy visits 
are marked by important public works dedicated to their Royal Highnesses 
— the Albert Edward Breakwater and Harbour Works at Mandvi, which 
have cost over 1 2 lacs of rupees, and the Alfred High School at Bhuj, the pro- 
vincial centre of education; and the establishment of two "Rao Shri 
Pragmalji Scholarships " in the Elphinstone College, and two in Sir Jamsetji 
Jijibhai's School of Art, Bombay. His Highness Rao Pragmalji was described 
by the British authorities as "most enlightened and liberal," as well as a 
"loyal, consistent, and devoted friend" of the British Government. Rao 
Pragmalji built a palace at Bhuj at a cost of about Rs. 2 0,00,000 ; con- 
structed the Pragsar Tank, which is an immense reservoir of rain water in 
the Chadwa range of hills, and a causeway in the large Hamirsar tank ; he 
also built the Jail (Rs.79,509), the Hospital, the Horse and Elephant 
Stables (R.s. 1,84, 303), and the Schools at Bhuj and Mandvi; remitted 
transit duties, and occasionally remitted import duties in times of scarcity or 
deficient rainfall. He ordered out cotton gins, and introduced screw presses, 
and finished the Bhuj-Mandvi road. He was a great sportsman, and killed 
many wild animals, including a number of panthers. The total expenditure 
on pubHc works started during His Highness Rao Pragmalji's reign amounted 
to Rs.32,41,435. He was succeeded in 1876 by His Highness the present 
Maharaja, Rao Khengarji, who was described at that time by the British 
Political Agent as "a most promising boy of ten." In 1877 Sir Richard 
Temple, as Governor of Bombay, visited the State, and complimented the 
young Prmce on his general progress, and on the accuracy and ease with 
which he could converse in English— his education having been mainly in 
the hands of M. Chhotalal Tewakram and Captain J. W. Wray of the Staff 
Corps. He was admitted into the Council of Administration, at an unusually 
early age, in 1882 ; and on nth August 1884, having attained his majority 
of eighteen years of age, he was invested with full powers of State. On 
14th November of that year Sir James Fergusson, as Governor of Bombay, 
visited Bhuj, and held a grand Darbar for the purpose of formally installing 
His Highness, m the name of the Queen 'Empress, as Rao of Kutch. In 
the course of his speech on that occasion Sir James Fergusson said : " I 
venture to augur very favourably of His Highness's reign. His natural intelli- 
gence has been well developed, his mind has been instructed by a liberal 
education, he possesses a complete knowledge of the circumstances and 



276 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

wants of his country and people, but more hopeful still are his disposition 
and character. The frequent opportunities which I have had of judging of 
them, as well as the unanimous testimony of those who have known him 
from childhood, convince me that he possesses a kind heart as well as a clear 
judgment, and cherishes a resolute adherence to the call of duty. These 
qualities are not unknown to his subjects, and they cannot fail to deepen 
their hereditary attachment to his family and person, which is so remarkable. 
It may indeed actuate him to deserve and reciprocate it. I doubt not that 
it will. I shall deem myself very ignorant of character if His Highness does 
not realise our best anticipations." 

On the 2nd March 1885 a Darbar was held at the Bhuj Palace for the 
investiture of His Highness with the hereditary distinction of "Sawai 
Bahadur," conferred on the rulers of Kutch by the British Government. In 
1887 His Highness proceeded to England to represent the Princes of the 
Bombay Presidency on the occasion of the celebration of the Jubilee of the 
Queen Empress, and during his absence he entrusted his State to his Diwan, 
Rao Bahadur Motilal Lalbhai. 

Whilst in England His Highness was created a Knight Grand Com- 
mander of the Indian Empire. He takes a deep interest in education, and 
especially in the education of women. He founded a Sanskrit school or 
Pathshala, at a cost of Rs. 2 5,000, and named it after his mother. He also 
founded the Fergusson Museum and Library at Bhuj, an institution erected 
as a memorial of the Governorship of Sir James Fergusson. This last cost 
Rs. 32,000. To encourage learning he has founded various scholarships of more 
or less importance, and has also inaugurated a fund from which deserving 
scholars desirous to study in England or America can obtain their expenses. 
Among the scholarships for females may be mentioned the one to Kutch 
females attending the Grant Medical College in Bombay, the " Kutch Barton 
Scholarship " to Kutch females attending the Training College at Ahmadabad 
or Rajkot, scholarships for female assistant-teachers at Bhuj, the Rao Shri 
Khengarji scholarships, and one for girls attending the High School at Puna. 
For males the Rao has founded scholarships for Kutchis receiving scientific 
and technical education in England, for students receiving agricultural or 
other scientific education in India, for Kutchis attending the Veterinary 
College at Bombay, the Veterinary School at Puna and the College of Science 
at Puna ; also scholarships open to any citizen of Bombay attending the 
Ripon Technical School, Bombay ; and further gives annual prizes for quali- 
fying for any professional function in connection with a mill, and for the work 
ot a captain of a steamer. It should be mentioned that the scholarships for 
Kutchis resident in Bombay alone were established at a total cost of 
Rs. 2 5,000. As a further stimulus to education, and especially with the 
object of encouraging native talent and spreading knowledge amongst the 
people, the Darbar annually commissions competent persons to write essays 
on various subjects, and to translate standard English works into the Gujardti 
language. 

In the matter of public works considerable improvements have been 
effected within recent years in connection with the extension of roads, the 
pier and reclamation works, and the erection of new buildings. Since the 
accession of His Highness to the gadi the expenditure incurred by the Darbar 
on works of public utility has amounted to Rs.66,24,672. 

Great attention is paid by His Highness to well-irrigation, which has been 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 277 

found by experience to be most suited to the peculiar requirements of the 
Province, the rainfall being limited and precarious. Other means of irriga- 
tion have also been adopted. Under his guidance strenuous efforts have 
also been made in the direction of reclamation of waste land. In the course 
of the last fifteen years the number of acres of waste land brought under the 
plough amount to 83,890, and fifteen new villages have been established. 

His Highness is a thorough sportsman, fond of pig-sticking, shooting, and 
all manly exercises. He is, moreover, a firm though conciliatory ruler, and 
is regarded by his subjects with a deep and ardent attachment. He married 
the daughters of the Thakur Saheb of Sayla, and of the Rana Jalamsinghji, 
cousins of His Highness the Raj Saheb of Dhrangadra, in Kathiawar (^-v.), 
on 19th February 1884. The occasion of this marriage was remarkable for 
the substitution for the old custom of giving Fulekas (grand dinners and a 
nightly procession, according to old practice) of a small Darbir, at which 
nazars were paid, which His Highness touched, and remitted to be utilised 
in furthering the cause of female education. His sons are named — Mad- 
hubha, otherwise called Vijayarajji, born 2nd September 1885 ; and 
Manubha, born 12th September 1888. 

His Highness's brother is named Karansinghji, born in 1870, and 
educated at the Rijkumar College, Rajkot ; he visited England on the occa- 
sion of Her Majesty's Jubilee in 1887, and was then created a Companion of 
the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, and married a daughter of 
the House of Aramda, in Okha, Kathiawar, in March 1889. His Highness's 
sister was married to His Highness the Maharaja of Bikanir {g.v.), in Raj- 
putana. 

The State has an area of 6500 square miles, exclusive of the Runn of 
Kutch, which is about 9000 square miles; its population is 512,084, chieily 
Hindus, but including 118,797 Muhammadans and 66,663 Jains. His 
Highness maintains a military force of 354 cavalry, 141 2 infantry, and 164 
guns ; and is entitled to a salute of 1 7 guns. 

Arms. — The coat of arms adopted by His Highness's family is most inter- 
esting, as illustrating Oriental heraldry. The sketch given in the margin is 
taken from a document kindly supplied by the Kutch Darbdr, and was described 
by His Excellency the Diwdn of Kutch in 1876 in the following words : — 

"(l) The Fort of Bhujia, which overlooks the capital of Bhuj. (2) The 
Moon, showing that the reigning family belongs to the Lunar dynasty. (3) 
The Crown, and the Jari Patka flag (with representations of the sun and the 
moon), emblematic of royalty. (4) The Mahi Muratab, a flag with a gold-fish 
at the top, presented to a former Rao of Kutch by an Emperor of Delhi. This 
is considered a valued present, and is carried in State in all ceremonials by 
sowaris on the back of an elephant. (5) The Trident of the family goddess, 
and old weapons of the family. (6) A Boat, showing that Kutch is a maritime 
Power. (7) Two Horsemen, representing Kutch as a horse-producing country, 
and showing specimens of her military retainers. (8) A Cow, representing the 
customary title of a native potentate. (9) A killed Tiger, indicating the great 
historical event from which the title of Rao was derived. (10) The Motto 
adopted by the family, showing the attributes by which' the first Rao Khengir 
succeeded in regaining his lost patrimony." 

Residence. — The Palace, Bhuj, Kutch, Western India. 



278 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



KUTHAR, EANA JAICHAND, Rdnd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1845 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 27 th December 1848. 
Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family ; claiming descent from Surat Chand, 
who came in early times from Kishtwdr in Jammu, and conquered this 
territory. The State was overrun by the Gurkhas between 1803 and 181 5, 
and after their expulsion by the British was confirmed to the then Rana by a 
British sanad dated 3rd September 18 15. The area of the State (which is 
one of the Simla Hill States) is 19 square miles; its population is 3648, 
chiefly Hindus. The Rana maintains a military force of 40 infantry. 

Residence. — Kuthar, Simla Hills, Punjab. 

KUVARJI KOWASJI, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born ist March 1822. The title was conferred on i6th February 1887, 
as a personal distinction, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her 
Most Gracious Majesty. Appointed to the service of the Bombay Govern- 
ment in 1 840, and during a service of forty-six years held various important 
posts with credit to himself and advantage to the State. Retired in 1886 
on a special pension, on account of his "long and highly meritorious services." 
Was appointed in the same year a Delegate in the Parsi District Matrimonial 
Court of Surat. Is an Honorary Magistrate of the First Class. Has a son 
named Pestanji Kuvarji Kowasji, born i860. 

Residence. — Surat, Bombay. 

KYAING KAN, KUN UN, Myoza of. 
A Ruling Chief 

This Chief is Myoza of one of the Shan States on the frontier of 
Burma. Its area is about 450 square miles ; its population chiefly consists 
of Shans. 

Residence. — Kyaing Kan, Shan States, Burma. 

KYAING LUN, KUN MAUNG, Myoza of 

A Ruling Chief. 

This Chief is Myoza of one of the Shan States on the frontier of 
Burma. Its area is about 30 square miles; its population almost entirely 
Shans. 

Residence. — Kyaing Lun, Shan States, Burma. 

KYAING TON, Sawbwa of 

A Ruling Chief. 

This Chief is the Sawbwa of one of the Shan States on the frontier 
of Burma. He has four feudatory chiefs tributary to him — those of 
Kyaing Thingyi, Maingthal, Thinaung, and Thin Nyut. The population 
consists chiefly of Shans, with a few Yins. 

Residence. — Kyaing Ton, Shan States, Burma. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 279 

KYAINa TONGYI, Chief of . 
A Ruling Chief. 
Is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier. 
Residence. — Kyaing Yongyi, Shan States, Burma. 

KTAUKKULBYWA, MAUNG THAING, Ngwegunhmu of 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Ngwegunhmu is Chief of one of the Shan States on the frontier of 
Burma. The area of the State is about 80 square miles. 
Residence. — Kyaukkuleywa, Shan States, Burma. 

KYAW GAUNG, MAUNG, Thuye-gaung Ngweda ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. It means 
" Recipient of the Silver Sword for Bravery," and is indicated by the letters 
T.D.M. after the name. 

Residence. — Ye-u, Burma. 

KYAW LAW, MAUNG, Thuye-gaung Ngweda ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. It 
means " Recipient of the Silver Sword for Bravery," and is indicated by the 
letters T.D.M. after the name. 

Resideiice. — Pagdn, Burma. 

KYETHI BANSAN, EUN THAN, Myoza of 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Myoza is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier. 
The area of the State is about 300 square miles. 
Residence. — Kyethi Bansan, Shan States, Burma. 

KYON, MAUNG PO, Ngwegunhmu of 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Ngwegunhmu is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma 
frontier. The area of the State is about 1 5 square miles. 
Residence. — Kyon, Shan States, Burma. 

KYWB O, MAUNG U, Kyet Thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 6th June 1885. It means 
" Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour," and is indicated by the letters 
K.S.M. after the name. 

Residence.- — Rangoon, Burma. 

LAGHHMAN. See Lakshman. 



28o THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



LACHHMAN DAS HAZARIKA, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 3rd March 1880. 
Residence. — Lakhimpur, Assam. 

LACHHMAN DAS SBTH, CLE. 

Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire, 29th May 1886. 
Reside Jice. — ■ 

LACHHMAN PARSHAD SINGH (of Asothar), Rdjd. 

Born 1847. The title is hereditary. The Raja is descended from 
Deogaj Singh, who came from Khichhidara or Raghugarh in Central India 
in 1543, and married the daughter of the Rajd, of Aijhi, and subsequently 
succeeded to the possessions of his father-in-law. About 150 years later 
Araru Singh was in possession of the Asothar Zaminddri, with two co- 
sharers ; but owing to the oppression of the latter he became reduced 
to the position of a cultivator. A curious tradition is told of him, that 
he was once sleeping under a mahua tree, overcome ' with the fatigue of 
his laborious occupation, when an Ahir named Bidhotar, who was at work 
in the neighbouring field, observed a large cobra approach the sleeping 
man, endeavouring to screen his head from the rays of the sun with its 
expanded hood ; and when Araru resumed his ploughing, he presently 
found a great golden treasure, with which he repurchased all his ancestral 
estates, and became both rich and powerful. His son, Bhagwant Rai, 
built the fort at Ghazipur, and defied the Imperial troops for a long 
time; but in 1760 a.d. he was captured by treachery and slain. He 
was succeeded by his son, Rup Rai, who died in 1780, leaving the 
Raj of Asothar to his son Bariyar Singh. Subsequently most of the 
family possessions were resumed by the Nawab Vazir, Asaf-ud-daula, and 
only a pension left to the Raja. Bariyar Singh's son, Duniapat, obtained 
a confirmation of his father's pension from the British Government in 1805. 
Duniapat's adopted son, Raghubir Singh, died in the former's lifetime; 
and Duniapat was succeeded in 1850 by Raghub^r's adopted son, the 
Raja Lachhman Parshad Singh. The Raja is an Honorary Magistrate; 
and has issue two sons — Kunwar Narpat Singh and Kunwar Chandra 
Bhukhan Singh. 

Residence. — Asothar, Fatehpur, North-Western Provinces. 

LACHHMAN RAO, Rao Saheb. 

Born 8th May 1845. The title is hereditary, the Rao Saheb being 
descended from Rao Vinayek Rao, who was the Diwan or Prime Minister 
of the late Mahratta ruler of Sdgar. Vinayek Rao came originally from 
the Deccan, and was appointed by the Mahratta Government first to be 
Mamlatdar. On the cession to the British Government the family received 
hereditary pensions. The Rao Saheb is an Honorary Magistrate. He has 
a son — Rao Ganpat Rao Saheb Subahddr. 

Residence. — Sigar, Central Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 281 

LACHHMAN SINGH, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1882. The 
Rai Bahadur belongs to a family from Cawnpur, North- Western Provinces. 
Residence. — Bombay. 

LACHHMAN SINGH (of Wazirpur), Rdjd. 

Born 19th October 1826. The title was conferred on ist January 1877, 
as a personal distinction, at the Imperial Assemblage of Delhi, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress 
of India. Belongs to a Rijput family of the Jadon clan, originally resident 
at Karemna in Rajputana. About 130 years ago Karemna was burnt 
by the troops of the Raja of Macheri (Alwar) in his war with the Raja 
of Bhartpur; and Kalyan Singh, the ancestor of Lachhman Singh, took 
refuge in Bhartpur. His eldest son was appointed Fotehddr of Pargana 
Ruphas by the Rajd of Bhartpur, but was subsequently poisoned; and 
the younger son, Lachhman Singh's grandfather, took service in Sindhia's 
army. He died at Aligarh a few months before the capture of that fortress 
by the British, and his sons removed to Agra. His grandson, the present 
Raja, entered the Government service in 1847 ; ^f^d for his services during 
the time of the Mutiny, and generally to the cause of education, he has 
received the title of Rdja, a khilat, and various grants. 

Residence. — Bulandshahr, North-Western Provinces. 

LAOHHMBSHWAR SINGH, SIR, K.C.I.B., Mahdrdjd Bahddur. 

See Darbhanga. 

LACHHMINARATAN SINGH, DEO (of Kera), Thdkur. 

The title was conferred on ist January 1877, as a personal distinction, 
on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as 
Empress of India. The Thakur is one of the representatives of the great 
Porahat family, from which are descended the feudatory chiefs of Serikala 
and Kharsawan, and other Chota Nagpur chiefs in the district of Singbhum. 

Residence. — Kera, Singbhum, Bengal. 

LAKHPAT RAI, Rat. 

Born 1825. The title was conferred on 8th October 1875, ^s ^ 
personal distinction, in recognition of the Rai's exertions in improving the 
city of Peshawar. He belongs to a Kshatriya family, and is the son of the 
late Diwan Bhawani Das, who held the responsible and important ofSce 
of Daftri in Peshawar during the Durani and Sikh rule. The Rai is 
an Honorary Magistrate and a member of the Municipal Committee of 
Peshawar. 

Residence. — Peshdwar, Punjab. 

LAKSHMAN JAGANNATH, Biwdn Bahddur. 
Born 15th August 1835. The title was conferred on i6th February 
1887, as a personal distinction, on the occasion of the Jubilee of Her 



282 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

Majesty's reign. Belongs to a Chandraseniya Kdyastha Prabhu family ; 
second son of Jagannath Baji Rao, Mamlatdar in Khandesh. Prior to 
his appointment as Prime Minister of the Baroda State he had rendered 
long and meritorious services to the Bombay Government; and while 
Deputy Collector of Sholapur endeared himself to the people to such 
an extent that they called their market after his name, " Lakshmanpet." 
In 1874 he became Assistant Revenue Commissioner of the Northern 
Division of the Bombay Presidency; and shortly afterwards was invited 
to aid Mr. Dadabhai Naoroji (subsequently M.P. for Central Finsbury) 
in the administration of Baroda. He became, first, Subahdar of the Naosari 
district, then head of the Revenue Department in 1883, and finally in 1886 
Diwdn or Prime Minister of the State. He retired in 1890 with a pension 
from the British Government, and handsome allowances from the Gaekwar. 
He married Bdi Sitabdi, and has issue six daughters — Gujabdi, Chandrabai, 
Chingubai, Dhakubai, Naobai, and Sundrabai. 

Residence. — Nar^yan Pet, Poona, Bombay. 

LAKSHMAN JIVAJI TILVE, Rao Saheb. 

Granted the title, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893, for 
eminent services in the Postal Department. 
Residence. — Ahmedabad, Bombay. 

LAKSHMI KANTA RAO PANTULU, JIDDU, Diwdn Bahadur. 

Born 7th November 1833. The title was conferred on i6th February 
1887, as a personal distinction, on the occasion of the Jubilee of Her 
Majesty's reign. Educated in the Nobles College, Masulipatam. Entered 
the service of the Madras Government in 1855, ^^^ has rendered long and 
meritorious service ; appointed Deputy Director of Revenue Settlement in 
1883. On the occasion of the Proclamation of her Most Gracious Majesty 
as Empress of India at the Imperial Assemblage of Delhi on ist January 
1877, he received a Medal of Honour. Has issue three sons — (i) J. 
Sundarayya, B.A., born 1861 ; (2) J. Lakshmayya, born 1869 ; (3) J. Sundara 
Nana Rao, born 1874. 

Residence. — Cuddalore, Madras. 

LAKSHMI SHANKAR MISRA, PANDIT, Rat Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890. 
Residence. — Benares, North- Western Provinces. 

LAKSHMILAL DAULATRAI, Rao Saheb. 

Granted the title, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893, for 
eminent services in the Baroda Residency. 
Residence. — Baroda. 

LAL BEG, Khdn Saheb. 

Granted the title, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893, for 
eminent magisterial services in the Ganjam Hill Tracts, Madras. 
Residence. — G^njim, Madras. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 283 



LAL MADHAVA MUKARJI, Rai Bahadur. 

Born in 1841. Belongs to a Kulin Brahman family, and is the son of 
Ishwar Chandra Mukarji, an old and much respected merchant of Calcutta. 
Educated at the Free Church College of the Calcutta University; and 
subsequently graduated at the Calcutta Medical College. During the great 
Orissa famine of 1866 he was appointed Medical Officer in charge of the 
famine hospitals that were opened at Chitpore and Sealdah for the relief of 
the famine-stricken. His good services there were duly acknowledged by 
the Government of Bengal. He then successively held the appointments of 
House Surgeon of the Calcutta Ophthalmic Hospital for thirteen years, and 
teacher of Ophthalmic Medicine and Surgery in the Campbell School for 
three years. He has taken a very prominent place among the great oculists 
of the world, and was deputed by the Government of India to Rajputana, 
to attend upon His Highness the Maharaja of Jaipur, whose eyesight he 
successfully restored. He translated into Bengali the English text-book on 
the Diseases of the Eye, by Dr. Macnamara, which has been highly eulogised 
by the most competent authorities. In 1879 he was elected a Municipal 
Commissioner for the town of Calcutta ; and has been re-elected in three 
subsequent successive elections. Has been several times Member of the 
Town Council of Calcutta. Was appointed a Fellow of the Calcutta 
University in 1881 ; and in 1890 became a Member of the Syndicate. He 
is an elected Member of the Council of the Calcutta Bethune Society ; of the 
Calcutta Health Society ; and of the India Club. He is a Justice of the 
Peace for the town of Calcutta. He is the first native gentleman who has 
been honoured with the Presidentship of the Calcutta Medical Society. He 
is also the President and Honorary Lecturer of Ophthalmic Medicine and 
Surgery in the Calcutta Medical School. When Her Majesty the Empress, 
in recognition of his distinguished medical services, was pleased to confer 
upon him the title of Rai Bahadur, the Government of India also presented 
him with a handsome sword and a richly-embroidered sword-belt. 

Residence. — Calcutta. 

LAL MADHUB MOOKBRJBB, Jiai Bahadur. 
See Lai Madhava Mukarji. 

LAL RAG-HURAJ SINGH (of Pandaria), Thdkur. 

The title is hereditary. The founder of the family was Sham Chand ; 
and the late Thakur Gajapal Singh was thirteenth in succession. He was 
the younger brother of the Thakur Rajpal Singh, feudatory Chief of 
Kawardha {q.v.) Thakur Gajapal Singh has been recently succeeded, at 
Pandaria, by Thakur Lai Raghuraj Singh. 

Residence. — Panddria, Bilispur, Central Provinces. 

LAL SINGH, Rao. 

Born 1844. The title is hereditary. The Rao belongs to a Chandel 
family; descended from the Raja Sheoraj Deo, who in the year 1393 of the 
Samvat era came from Kanauj to Shiurajpur in Cawnpur district, and 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



established his rule over the neighbouring country. He conferred on Sirghu 
Deo the title of Rao, and allowed him to settle in mauza Sipai, and ever 
since the Chandels of this house have been recognised as holding the 
title of Rao. The Rao has a son named Dharmraj Singh. 
Residence. — Sipai, Cawnpur, North-Western Provinces. 

LAL SINQH (of Bheri), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary. The Sardar is the cousin of Sardar Bishan Singh 
(^.w.) of Bheri, in the district of Ludhiana, Punjab. Belongs to a Jat (Sikh) 
family, descended from Sardar Mahtab Singh, Miran Kotia, a Sikh Chief, 
well known for his prowess, who flourished about the year 1761 a.d. His 
son, Sardar Rai Singh, acquired by conquest some territory in the Ambala 
district more than a century ago. The family came under British protection, 
with the other Cis-Sutlej Chiefs, after the first Sikh war. Sardar Ratan 
Singh succeeded his father, Rai Singh ; and his grandsons are the Sardars 
Bishan Singh (son of Sardar Sarmukh Singh) and Lai Singh (son of Sardar 
Gurmukh Singh) of Bheri. 

Residence. — Bheri, Ludhidna, Punjab. 

LAL SINGH (of Talwandi), Sarddr. 

Born 1822. The title is hereditary. The Sardar is the grandson of the 
Sardar Dal Singh Naharna, who was adopted by the widow of the great 
Sardar Fatah Singh, Kalianwala, and inherited his large possessions. He 
died in 1823, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Sardar Atar Singh, who, 
about the year 1846, received a seat in the Council of Regency, which he 
retained until the annexation of the Punjab. On the occasion of _the 
outbreak at Multan, Sardar Atar Singh joined the British under Major 
Edwardes. His son, the present Sardar Lai Singh, was at first carried off 
by the troops ; but afterwards escaped, and joined the same side. Sardar 
Atar Singh died in 1851, and was succeeded by the present Sardar. 

Residence. — Talwandi, Amritsar, Punjab. 

LALA SAHBB (of Imlai), Rdjd. 

Born 1862. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Raj Gond 
(aboriginal) family, whose ancestors came from Dhamda to Mandla, and 
obtained somejagirs from Sheo Raj Rai, the Gond Raja of Mandla, because 
they were caste-fellows of the Raja. This was in 1624 a.d., and the family 
have been settled at Imlai in the Jabalpur district ever since. One of their 
ancestors married a daughter of the Rajput house of Ratanpur. 

Residence. — Jabalpur, Central Provinces. 

LALGARH, DIWAN HARI SINGH, Diwdn of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1877 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 22nd December 1888. 
Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. The State contains a population of 
about 2500, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — -Ldlgarh, Western Mdlwd, Central India. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 285 



LALIT MOHAN SINGH, Rai Bahddur. 

The Rai Bahadur has rendered good service as an Honorary Magistrate, 
and as Vice-Chairman of the District Board of Hughli, Bengal. Received 
the title as a personal distinction on 25th May 1892. 

Residence. — Hughli, Bengal. 

LALJI PUESHOTAM RAI, Rao Bahddur, Diwdn Bahddur. 

Both these titles are personal. The former was conferred on 15th 
December 1881. The second title, that of Diwan Bahadur, was conferred 
on 25th May 1892, for good service as an assistant to the Resident at 
Baroda. 

Residence. — Baroda. 

LALLU LACHHMAN SINGH, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1869. 
Residence. — Dholpur, Rdjputina. 

LALUBHAI EA.SANDAS, Rao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January i88g. 
Residence. — Baroda. 

LALUBHAI NANDLAL, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 3rd February 1886. 
Residence. — Ahmadabad, Bombay. 

LANGRIN, U., BOR SINGH, Seim of. 
A Ruling Chief 
Born 1850; succeeded to the gadi 23rd September 1874. The 
population of the State (which is one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States, 
Assam) is about 1200, and consists of Khasis and Christians. 
Residence. — Langrin, Khdsi Hills, Assam. 

LAS BBLA, MIR HAJI JAM SIR ALI KHAN, K.C.I.B.,/^/^i of. 

A Ruling Chief 

Born 1849; succeeded to the gadi 21st January 1889. The Jam was 
formerly a feudatory of the Wall of Kalat, but has now the direct protection 
of the British Government, through the Governor-General's Agent for 
Baluchistan. He was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of 
the Indian Empire on the institution of that Order, ist January 1878- 
and was promoted to be a Knight Commander of the same Most Eminent 
Order, 2nd January 1893. The area of the State is about 8500 square miles, 
and its population about 56,000, chiefly Muhammadans. The Jam maintains 
a military force of 33 cavalry, 276 infantry, and 4 guns, and is entitled to 
a salute of 9 guns as a personal distinction. 

Residence. — Las Bela, Baluchistan. 



286 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



LATHI, THAKUR SURSINGHJI TAKHTSINGHJI, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1875; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 4th November 1878. 
Belongs to a Gohel Rajput (Hindu) family, which claim to be Suryavansi 
(of the Solar race), as descendants of the legendary hero Rama. The 
Gohel sept of Rajputs are said to have occupied a part of Marwar for 
twenty generations, until they were expelled by the Rahtors (see Jodhpur) at 
the end of the 12 th century. Thence, under their Chief, Sejak, they 
migrated to Kathiawar, about the year 1260, and are at present represented 
in Kathiawar by the ruling families of Bhaunagar, Rajpipla, Palitana, and 
Lathi. The founder of the Lathi State was Sarangji, second son of Sejak, 
whose eldest son became the ancestor of the Chiefs of Bhaunagar, whilst the 
third son was the ancestor of the Chiefs of Palitana. One of the Thakurs of 
Lawa married his daughter to Damaji Gaekwar, the great ancestor of the 
Gaekwars of Baroda ; and gave the estate of Damnagar as a dowry, being in 
return exempted personally from tribute. The State is tributary both to 
Baroda and to Junagarh ; and in addition to the tribute the Chief of Lawa 
annually offers a horse to the Gaekwar of Baroda, probably in commemoration 
of the relationship between the families. The town of Lathi, which is the 
capital, is now a station on the Bhaunagar- Gondal railway; it has the 
palace of the Thakur, a Dharmsdla, a good Dispensary, Post and Telegraph 
Office, and the Lathi Anglo- Vernacular School. The area of the State is 42 
square miles; its population 6804, chiefly Hindus. The Chief maintains 
a military force of 12 cavalry, 25 infantry, and 10 guns. 

Residence. — Ldthi, Kdthidwir, Bombay. 



LATIF ALI KHAN walad AHMAD, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Shikirpur, Sind. 

LATIP HUSAIN KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 



LAW YAN, MAUNG, Kyet Thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. It 
means " Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour," and is indicated by the 
letters K.S.M. after the name. 

Residence. — Mandalay, Burma. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 287 



LAWA, THAEUR DHIRAT SINGH, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Thakur belongs to the Kachhwaha Rajput family — that is, the ruling 
family of Jaipur (^.v.), the State having originally belonged to Jaipur, and 
having been granted by the Maharaja of Jaipur to one of the scions of his 
family. It was conquered by the Pindari leader, Amir Khan, in the course 
of his Jaipur and Jodhpur campaigns ; and the Thakur of Lawa then 
became a feudatory of Amir Khan's State of Tonk. In 1867, however, this 
connection was terminated, and Lawa came under the direct protection of 
the British Government. The area of the State is 18 square miles; its 
population is 2682, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Liwa, Rdjputdna. 

LAXAMAN. See Lakshman. 



LAXUMAN JAGANNATHJI, VAIDYA, Diwdn Bahddur. 
See Lakshman Jagannath. 

LB BUN YU, Kyet Thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. 

Granted the title, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893. It is 
indicated by the letters K.S.M. after the name, and means " Recipient of the 
Gold Chain of Honour.'' 

Residence. — Rangoon, Burma. 

LBGYA, KUN LB, Sawbwa of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Sawbwa is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier, 
the area of which is about 1000 square miles. The population consists 
almost entirely of Shans. 

Residence. — Legya, Burma. 

LBHNA SINGH (of Manasawal), Rand. 

Born 1 80 1. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a very ancient Rajput 
family, that claims to be descended from the legendary hero Krishna, through 
Basu Chand, who is said to have taken possession of Garhmuktesar, and to 
have reigned there about 2000 years ago. His descendant, Jodh Chand, 
with three brothers, is said to have visited Jwalamukh on a pilgrimage, and 
on that occasion to have taken possession of Manasawal and the surrounding 
territory in the Hoshiarpur district. Rana Chigar Chand, thirty-third in 
descent from Basu Chand, made his submission to the Maharaja Ranjit 
Singh, and is said to have been confirmed by him in some of his lands. The 
Rana has four sons — Opindar Singh, Madho Singh, Janardhan, and another. 

Residence. — Manasawal, Hoshidrpur, Punjab. 



288 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

LEHNA SINGH, CHIMNI, Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Gujrdnwala, Punjab. 

LIAKAT HUSAIN, Khdn Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence. — Meerut, North- Western Provinces. 

LIKHI, THAKUR JASWANT SINGHJI, Thdhur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1886 ; has recently succeeded to the gadi as a minor. Belongs to 
a Koli (aboriginal) family. The area of the State is 30 square miles; its 
population is 1307, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Likhi, M^hi Kdntha, Bombay. 

LIMBAJI RAO TUKAJI RAO, Rao Sdheb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 4th May 1885. 
Residence. — Bijdpur, Bombay. 

LIMBDI, ThdkurSaheb of. See Limri. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 289 



LIMRI, THAKUR SAHBB SIR JASWANTSINGHJI, 

FATBHSINGHJI, K.C.I.B., Thdkur Saheb of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 23rd May 1859; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 30th January 
1862. Belongs to a Jhala Rajput (Hindu) family; claiming a common 
descent with the Chief of Dhrangadra from Harpaldev, who came from the 
north in very early times, and established himself in that part of Kathiawar 
called Jhalawar from the name of his sept. The present Chief, who suc- 
ceeded his father, the Thakur Saheb Fatehsinghji, was educated at the 
Rajkumar College, Rajkot, and finished his education by visiting England 
in company with the Principal of that College. He attained his 
majority in 1877 ; and on ist August of that year was installed as ruler. 
In 1884 the Government of Bombay, in recognition of the ability and 
industry with which he conducted the administration of his State, appointed 
him a Member of the Legislative Council of Bombay. In 1887 he was 
selected as one of the representatives of the Princes of Western India to 
present their loyal congratulations to the Queen Empress on the auspicious 
occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign ; and on that occasion he had 
the honour of receiving from the Empress in person the insignia of a Knight 
Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. He extended 
his tour to all the chief places of interest in the United Kingdom, in Canada, 
and in ' the United States ; and was the guest successively of the Lord- 
Lieutenant of Ireland, of the Viceroy of the Canadian Dominion, and of the 
President of the United States. He has the reputation of being a most able 
and painstaking ruler, and has received high acknowledgment of his ability 
and success from successive Governors of Bombay. The area of the State 
is 344 square miles; its population is about 43,000, chiefly Hindus, but 
including more than 4600 Muhammadans. The Thakur Saheb maintains a 
military force of 35 cavalry, 174 infantry, and 28 guns, and is entitled to a 
salute of 9 guns. 

Residence. — Limri (or Limbdi), Kathidwdr, Bombay. 



290 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



LOGHASSI, Rao Bahddur of. See Lughasi. 

LOHARU, NAWAB AMIR-UD-DIN AHMAD KHAN 

BAHADUR, PAKHAR-UD-DAULA, C.I.B., Nawdb of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1859; succeeded to the gadt 31st October 1884. Belongs to an 
Afghan (Muhammadan) family, descended from Ahmad Bakhsh Khan, who 
was employed by the Raja of Alwar in the negotiations with Lord Lake in 
1806. In recognition of his services he received Loharu from the Raja, 
and the feudal possession of Firuzpur from the British Government. His 
son, Shams-ud-din Khan, succeeded him, but was executed at Delhi in 
1835 for compassing the murder of the British Resident at Delhi. In con- 
sequence of this Firuzpur was confiscated ; but Loharu was subsequently 
restored to the brothers of the Chief, who had no share in his guilt, Amin-ud- 
din Khan and Zia-ud-din Khan; and Amin-ud-din was the great-grandfather 
of the present Nawab. The title of Nawab was restored to the family, in 
1866, as a personal distinction; and in 1874 it was conferred on the Chief 
in recognition of good administration. Created a Companion of the Most 
Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, 2nd January 1893. The area of the 
State is 226 square miles; its population 13,754, chiefly Hindus, but including 
1 5 1 7 Muhammadans. The Nawab maintains a military force of 94 men. 

Residence. — Lohdru, Hissdr, Punjab. 

LORINDA MAL, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd January 1888. 
Residence. — Peshdwar, Punjab. 

LU THA, MAUNG, Kyet Thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. It 
means " Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour," and is indicated by the 
letters K.S.M. after the name. 

Residence. — Myingyan, Burma. 

LUGHASI, RAO BAHADUR KHBT SINGH, Rao Bahddur of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 2ist July 1856 ; succeeded to the gadi 3rd January 1872. Belongs 
to the great Bundela Rajput (Hindu) family of the Orchha House, from which 
are descended the ruling families of Panna, Datia, Ajaigarh, and most of the 
other States of Bundelkhand ; all tracing their lineage from the same epony- 
mous hero, Bir Singh, who first adopted the clan name of Bundela. His 
descendant, the Maharaja Chhatrasal, possessed large territories in Bundel- 
khand ; and is famous for having called in the aid of the Mahrattas against 
the Mughal Power, and having adopted the Peshwa as one of his sons, who 
thereby acquired a third of his dominions, and a footing in Bundelkhand. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 291 

Chhatrasal's eldest son, Hardi Sah, succeeded him at Panna ; and he had 
two sons, the elder of whom became Raja of Panna, while the younger, 
Salira Singh, became Diwan of Lughdsi. His son, the Diwan Dhiraj Singh, 
received a sanad fiom the British Government in i8o8. Tliree generations 
have intervened between Dhiraj Singh and the present Chief. In 1857 the 
Diwan Sardar Singh of Lughasi was loyal to the Government during the time 
of the Mutiny, though half the villages of the State were laid waste by the 
rebels in consequence of his fidelity. As a reward for these services, the 
Diwan received the hereditary title of Rao Bahadur at the Cawnpur Darbar 
of 1859, together with a khilat, a valuable /a^V, and a sanad authorising the 
privilege of adoption. The present Rao Bahadur is grandson of Sardar 
Singh. The area of the State is 47 square miles; its population 6159, 
chiefly Hindus. The Rao Bahadur maintains a military force of 6 cavalry, 
78 infantry, and 7 guns. 

Residence. — Lughdsi, Bundelkhand, Central India. 

LUNAWARA, MAHARANA SHRI SIR WAKHATSINGHJI, 
K.C.I.B., Rdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born nth August i860 ; succeeded to the gadt as a minor 7th October 
1867. Belongs to the family of the great Solanki clan of Rajputs, claiming 
descent from Sidraj Jaisingh, the ruler of Anhalwara Patau and Gujarat. The 
Maharana's ancestors are said to have established themselves as Chiefs of 
Virpur in 1225 a.d. ; and in 1434 a.d. Rana Bhimsinghji removed to Luna- 
wara across the Mahi. The State was tributary both to Baroda and to 
Gwalior ; but the rights of the latter were transferred to the British Govern- 
ment in 1 86 1. The Maharana was educated at the Rajkumar College, 
Rajkot; and was installed as ruler in August 1880 on attaining his majority. 
He was created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the 
Indian Empire, 25th May 1889. The area of the State is 388 square miles ; 
its population about 76,000, chiefly Hindus, but including over 3000 
Muhammadans. The Maharana maintains a military force of 201 cavalry, 
29s infantry, and 40 guns, and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. 

Residence. — Lundwdra, Rewd Kdntha, Bombay. 

LUTF ALT KHAN, SAYYID, C.I.E., Nawdb. 

The title of Nawab was conferred on i6th February 1887, as a personal 
distinction, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious 
Majesty. The Nawab has also been created a Companion of the Most 
Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. 

Residence. — Patna. 

LWB-B, MAUNG KYI, Ngwegunhmu of. 
A Ruling Chief. 
The Ngwegunhmu is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma 
frontier, which has an area of about 30 square miles. Its population 
consists almost entirely of Shans. 

Residence. — Lwe-e, Shan States, Burma. 



292 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

LWBLON, MAUNG KAN CHOK, Myoza of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Myoza is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier ; 
its area is about 400 square miles. The population consists almost entirely 
of Shans. 

Residence. — Lwelon, Shan States, Burma. 

LWEMAW, MAUNG SHWB PYI, Ngwegunhmu of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Ngwegunhmu is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma 
frontier; the area of which is about 25 square miles. The population 
consists almost entirely of Shans. 

Residence. — Lwemaw, Shan States, Burma. 

MADAD ALI, MIR, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1819. The title was conferred on nth January i86g, as a personal 
distinction, together with a khilat. Belongs to the family of Barha Sayyids 
of Muzaffarnagar. Rendered good service for thirty-three years as Tahsildar 
and Deputy Collector ; and in recognition of his services during the Mutiny 
he received a khilat and a grant of land. 

Residence. — Allahabad, North-Western Provinces. 

MADAN GOPAL (of Padrauna), Rai. 

Born 1829. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a family of Kurmis, 
claiming descent from the celebrated Mayyura Misra, being thus connected 
with the families of the Rajas of Majhauli and Tamkuhi (?.».) Rai Isri 
Partab rendered good service in the Mutiny, and was an Honorary Magistrate 
for ten years before his death, when he was succeeded by his son, the pre- 
sent Rai. 

Residence. — Padrauna, Gorakhpur, North-Western Provinces. 

MADAN MOHAN BAISAK, Rai Bahddur. 

Granted the title of Rai Bahadur, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 
1893, for eminent services in the Postal Department. 
Residence. — Calcutta. 

MADHAN, Chief of 

Is a feudatory of the Raja of Keonthal (^.w.), and rules over one of the 
Simla Hill States. 

Residence. — Madhan, Simla Hills, Punjab. 

MADHAVA RAO, SIR TANJORE, K.C.S.I., Rdjd. 
The title of Raja was conferred on ist January 1877, as a personal 
distinction, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious 
Majesty as Empress of India ; at which time Sir Madhava Rao was Diwan 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



293 



or Prime Minister of Baroda {q.v.) Sir Madhava is well known, not in 
India alone, but throughout the British Empire, as one of the ablest, most 
distinguished, and most patriotic of modern Indian Statesmen. His early 
years were largely devoted to the service of the State of Travancore, where 
he was guardian and tutor of the Maharaja, and where his abilities were con- 
spicuously displayed in the development of that State. He was selected by 
the Government of India for the difficult and important post of Prime 
Minister of Baroda at a great crisis in the history of that State ; and his 
admirable services have been abundantly recognised, both by His Highness 
the Gaekwar, and by the Government of India. 
Residence. — Madras. 



MADHAVRAO JANOJI PUAR, Rao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 9th April 1883. 
Residence. — Ndsik, Bombay. 

MADHAVRAO MALHARRAO (of Nagar), Vishwasrao. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Khindesh, Bombay. 

MADHAVRAO SOMAJI MORE, Rao Bahddur. 

Granted the title, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893, for 
eminent services in the Salt Department. 
Residence. — B ombay. 



MADHO PRASAD SINGH (of Adharganj), Rai. 

Born nth October 1847. The title is hereditary, the Rai being the 
representative of the great Bachgoti sept of Rajputs, sprung from the ancient 
and illustrious family of the Chauhan Rajputs of 
Mainpuri {q.v.) The sept having incurred the 
excessive wrath of the Emperor Ala-ud-din of 
Delhi, who vowed its extermination, the survivors 
emigrated, and for safety's sake adopted the name 
of Vasishtagoti (contracted into Batasgoti, and 
ultimately Bachgoti), from the saint who called 
forth their ancestor (the Agnikula) from the fire to 
defend the Munis of Mount Abu against the 
demons. The Chief, Bariar Singh, descendant 
of Chahir Deo, Prithvi Raj's brother, left Sambhal- 
garh, and wandering eastward, settled about 1248 
A.D. in Sultanpur, Oudh. He married the 
daughter of Raja Ram Deo, Bhilkaria, Chief 
of Patti, became chief military officer under 
the Raja, and ultimately dispossessed his brother-in-law, and seized 
the territory. His descendant, Bodh Singh, received the title of Rai 




The Santak of the Chauh£n 
Rajputs, called Chakra, used 
in the seal and for signature. 

(A circle with four Trisulas or 
Tridents as radii at the car- 
dinal points.J 



294 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

from the Hasanpur Raja of Sultanpur, and aiding the Nawab Shuja-ud- 
daula in his war against the British, was defeated with him at the battle 
of Baksar in 1775 a.d. His grandson, Rai Mihrban Singh, was driven 
into exile by the Nawab, and his fort of Kot Bhilkar was sacked by the latter 
about the year 1780. His three sons, who in turn succeeded, gradually re- 
acquired much of the family property. The youngest, Rai Sitla Bakhsh, was 
succeeded by his elder son, Rai Kalka Bakhsh Singh ; and the latter by his 
brother, the present Rai, on 23rd November 1857. He is an Honorary 
Magistrate and an Assistant Collector. 

Residence. — Dalippur, Partibgarh, Oudh. 

MADHO RAO, Rao and Potddr. 
Born 31st January 1832. The title is hereditary, having being originally 
conferred by the old Mahratta Government of Sagar. The Rao's grandfather 
was an important officer of that Government ; and he was succeeded by his 
son, the Rao Lachman Rao, who was appointed Mamlatdar of Narsinghpur, 
and received a political pension from the British Government on the cession. 
He was succeeded by his widow, the Mussamat Parvati Bai, who still enjoys 
a pension ; and the Mussamat adopted the present Rao. 

Residence. — SSgar, Central Provinces. 

MADHO SINGH (of Amethi), Rdjd. 

Born 29th November 1823. The title is hereditary, having been in the 
family from early times. Is the Chief of the Bandhalgoti sept of Rajputs, 
claiming descent from Suda Rai, a scion of the Kachhwaha (Surajvansi) 
dynasty of Jaipur (q.v.), who is said to have migrated from Narwargarh, 
conquered the Bhars of Amethi, and built a fort at Raipur. The sixth in 
descent from him was Mandhata Singh, who was childless ; but with the aid 
of a saint's prayers a son was born to him, who was called Bandhu, in 
memory of the circumstances of his birth — whence the clan name of Band- 
hugoti or Bandhalgoti. Raja Gurdat Singh in 1743 was besieged at Raipur 
by the Nawab Safdar Jang ; Raipur was taken and destroyed, and the Raja 
escaped to Ramnagar, which thenceforward became his headquarters. His 
grandson was the Raja Hara Chand Singh, who was the grandfather of the 
late Raja Bisheswar Singh, and also of the present Raja. On Bisheswar 
Singh's dying childless in 1842, he was succeeded by his cousin, the present 
Raja. In the time of the Mutiny in 1857 the Rajd at first distinguished 
himself by protecting the refugees from Sultanpur, whom he safely conducted 
to Allahabad. Later, however, he joined the rebels; but in August 1858 he 
surrendered his fort at Amethi, and was ultimately pardoned. In 1860 he 
was made a Magistrate. He has a son and heir, Lai Lachhman Singh. 

Residence. — Amethi, Sultdnpur, Oudh. 

MADHO SINGH, Rai Bahddur. 

Born 1 82 1. The title was conferred on 24th May 1883, as a personal 
distinction. Belongs to a Kshatriya family of the Bais clan, whose ancestors 
nine generations ago came from Baiswara in Oudh, and settled in the Jaunpur 
district. The Rai Bahadur rendered valuable service during the time of the 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 295 

Mutiny in 1857, and from the first boldly took the side of the Government. 
He rendered every assistance to Government, and protected the lives and 
property of several indigo-planters ; for these services he received a sanad 
and a grant of land, and subsequently the title of Rai Bahadiir. 
Residence. — Jaunpur, North-Western Provinces. 

MADHO SINGH, THAKUR, Hao Saheb. 

The title was conferred on ist January 1877, as a personal distinction, 
on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as 
Empress of India. 

Residence. — Kharwa, Central Provinces. 



MAGORI, THAKUR HIMATSINGHJI, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief 

Born ist March 1832 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor on the death 
of his father, the late Thakur Fatehsinghji, 2nd February 1835. The Thakur 
belongs to the illustrious family of the Chiefs of the Rahtor clan of Rajputs, 
claiming descent from the legendary hero Rama, and the ancient Rahtor 
Emperors of Kanauj of the Suryavansi or Solar race, through the House of 
Idar ; the founder of the Magori family, Ratansinghji, having been a younger 
son of a Rawal of Malpur (?.w.), who was descended from a younger son of 
one of the ancient Raos of Idar (^.w), who in turn was descended from the 
second son of the last Rahtor sovereign of Kanauj. Certain payments called 
hichri are made annually by this State to Idar. The Thakur has two sons, 
Kunwdrs Mokhamsinghji and Daulatsinghji. The area of the State is 75 
square miles; its population 3076, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Magori, Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay. 

MAHA SINGH (of Kharsal), Sarddr. 

Born 1849. The title is hereditary. 
The Sardar Maha Singh belongs to a 
Gond (aboriginal) family, claiming descent 
from Urdhabo Gond, a soldier of fortune 
who came from Garha-Mandla, and settled 
in Sambalpur, acquiring z,jdgiriox military 
services from the reigning Raja of Sam- 
balpur. The head of this family uses the 
Gond device as a signature. 

Residence. — Kharsal, Sambalpur, Central 
Provinces. 



MAHAB ALI walad ABBAS ALI KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation {see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Sind. 




296 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



MAHABIR PRASHAD SAH, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on loth September 1875, for his 
liberality during the famine of 1873-74, and in recognition of the good 
services of his family to the Government. 

Residence. — Siran, Bengal. 



MAHADAJI BALLAL LAGHATE, Rao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890. 
Residence. — Bombay. 

MAHADBO GOVIND RANADB, CLE., Rao Bahddur. 

Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire isth February 1887, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of 
Her Most Gracious Majesty. 

Residence. — B ombay . 

MAHADEV WASUDEV BARVE, CLE., Rai Bahddur. 

The title of Rai Bahadur is personal, and was conferred on ist January 
1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as 
Empress of India. The Rai Bahadur has been created a Companion of the 
Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. 

Residence. — Ratnagiri, Bombay. 

MAHARAJ SINGH (of Haldaur), Rdjd Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1878. 
Residence. — Bijnaur, North-Western Provinces. 

MAHARAJ SINGH (of Patan), Rao. 

The title is hereditary, having been originally conferred by the Mughal 
Emperor of Delhi, through the Subahdir Ghairat Khan, for good services in 
capturing the fortress of Dhamoni. Belongs to the same family as that of the 
Rao Bhopdl Singh of Sehora, in Sagar district. The Rao Mahardj Singh is 
the son of the late Rao Khuman Singh of Patan, whom he succeeded. 

Residence. — Patan, S^gar, Central Provinces. 

MAHARAJ SINGH, THAKUR, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Reside7ice. — S%ar, Central Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 297 



MAHARAM, KISON SINGH, Seim of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Bom 1859; succeeded to the gadi 15th December 1877. The Seim is 
the Chief of one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States, under the Chief Com- 
missioner of Assam; its population is 7591, consisting chiefly of Khasis 
and Christians. 

Residence. — Maharam, Khdsi Hills, Assam. 



MAHBUB BAKHSH, XMn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1879. 
Residence. — Delhi, Punjab. 

MAHBUB KHAN, Khan Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1884. 
Residence. — Muzaffargarh, Punjab. 

MAHBNDRA LAL KHAN, Rdjd. See Midnapur, Rdjd of. 

MAHBNDRA LAL SIRCAR, CLE. 

Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire, ist January 1883. 



298 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 




The Santak of the Chauhan 
Rdjputs, called Chakra, used 
in the seal and for signature. 

(A circle with four Trisulas or 
Tridents as radii at the car- 
dinal points.) 



MAHBNDRA MAHENDRA SINGH, RAJA (of BhadAwar), 
C.I.B., Mahdrdjd. 

Born 26th September 1835. The title of Mahdrdji is personal, and 
was conferred on 2Sth July 1881 ; but the title of Raja of Bhadawar is here- 
ditary, and the Mahdrdja is the present head and 
representative of one of the greatest and most 
powerful historical families of the North-Western 
Provinces. He is the Chief of the Bhadauriya 
sept of the illustrious Chauhdn clan of Rdjputs; 
has married a sister of the Rdja of Mainpuri, who 
is the Chief of all the Chauhdns, and has a son and 
heir, Maharajkumar Mahendra Sumrat Singh, born 
nth October 1875. The Mahdraja has been 
exempted from personal appearance in the Civil 
Courts, and (together with his retainers) from the 
operation of certain provisions of the Arms Act. 
He was created a Companion of the Most Eminent 
Order of the Indian Empire, 30th May 1891. 
Achal Deo was the ancestor of the Bhaddwar 
family at the time of Timur's invasion, and he appears to have given 
the name of Bhadauriya to his sept of Rdjputs, from the village of 
Bhadaura, on the right bank of the Jumna, in the Agra district. In the 
time of the Emperor Akbar, Rajao Rdwat, then the head of the family, 
slew a famous Meo freebooter named Haitu, and obtained great honours 
and rewards from the Great Mughal, including the title of "Mahendra," 
Lord of the Earth. In the Ain-i-Akbari of Abul Fazl, the grandson of 
Rajao Rdwat is entered as a mansabddr of 500, with the title of Raja. 
At the Court of the Emperor Shah Jahdn, the Rajd Padam Singh, 
Bhadauriya, was a mansabddr of 1500. Azam Shah, the son of Aurangzeb, 
and the Emperor Muhammad Shah, granted sanads to the family, copies 
of which are in existence. During the palmy days of the Mughal Empire 
the Rdja of Bhaddwar was reckoned, with the Rajas of Jaipur, Jodhpur, 
and Bundi, as one of the four Hindu " Pillars of the Empire " ; and the 
history of the family is full and interesting. In the time of Lord Lake's 
campaigns against the Mahrattas, and subsequently, the Rdjas of Bhaddwar 
rendered valuable aid to the British arms. The late Raja Samait Singh, who 
died without issue in 1840, was the son of Raja Partab Singh; and the 
present Mahdrdjd was the adopted son of Rajd Samait Singh, and succeeded 
him. The Mahdrdjd " showed conspicuous zeal and loyalty " during the period 
of the Mutiny of 1 85 7 ; his levies barred the way of the mutineers through his 
territories, and successfully guarded the ghdts of the Chambal and Jumna. 
Residence. — Naugaon, Agra District, North- Western Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 299 



MAHBSH CHANDRA OHAKRAVARTTI, Rai Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 29th May 1886. 
Residence. — -Jessore, Bengal. 



MAHBSH CHANDRA NYAYARATNA, C.I.E., 

Mahdmahopddhydya. 

The title of Mahamahopadhyaya was conferred as a personal distinction 
on 1 6th February 1887, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her 
Most Gracious Majesty, for eminence in oriental learning. It entitles him 
to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular Rajas. The Mahamahopad- 
hyaya, who is one of the most distinguished Sanskrit scholars in India, 
belongs to a Kulin Brahman family of the highest rank, the Bhattacharyya 
family of Ndrit, which has long been distinguished for the zealous cultivation 
of Sanskrit learning, and the number of learned Pandits it has produced. 
His father, Harinarayana Tarkasiddhd.nta, and his two uncles, Guruprasada 
Tarkapanchanana and Thakurdasa Chiiramani, were eminent Pandits. He 
married, in the year 1848, the daughter of Pandit Ram Chdnd Tarkabagis of 
Sonagachi, in the Jehanabad subdivision of the district of Hugli. He has 
a brother. Pandit Madhabchandra Sarbabhauma, Sabha Pandit of Moisadal 
Raj. He has a daughter and three sons — Manmathanath Vidyaratna, M.A. 
(of the Financial Department of the Government of India), born April 1863; 
Munindranath Bhattacharyya, M.A., B.L. (Vakil of the High Court of 
Calcutta), born February 1868; and Mahimanath Bhattacharyya, B.A., 
born April 1870. He was created a Companion of the Most Eminent 
Order of the Indian Empire, 24th May 1881 ; and the estimation in which 
he is held by Indian scholars is marked by his title of " Nyayaratna." He 
succeeded, after an interval. Professor E.B. Co well (now Professor of Sanskrit 
in the University of Cambridge) as Principal of the Sanskrit College of 
Calcutta. During the tenure of the Principalship he has taken the initiative 
in the institution, by the Government of Bengal, of an examination, called the 
Sanskrit Title Examination, for the conferment of titles on meritorious 
students of special departments of Sanskrit learning. To this examination 
are admitted students from indigenous institutions (called Chatuspathis or 
Tols) as well as from the special classes that have been organised in connec- 
tion with the Sanskrit College. The Title Examination has been the means 
of stimulating in some measure, all over Bengal, the rather waning zeal 
for the cultivation of Sanskrit learning. The titles given — Nyayaratna, 
Vidyaratna, etc. — are those of the ancient Sanskrit Pandits in the Universities 
of Nadiya, Benares, and elsewhere. He has edited, with copious Notes, the 
Kdvya Prakds ; also the Mimdnsd Darsana, and the Black Yajur Veda. He 
has written many pamphlets, such as Remarks on Daydnanda SarasvaiVs 
Veda-Bhdshya, Tidasidhdrana Mimdnsd, The Authorship of Mrichchhakatika, 
Lupta Samvatsara. He has done much for the general encouragement of 
Sanskrit learning ; and also, by pecuniary help and otherwise, in furtherance 
of famine-relief, the promotion of education, and the opening out of means 
of communication. He maintains a secondary school (a High Anglo- 
Sanskrit School) at his native village of Narit ; and he has not only greatly 
improved the roads in and near about this village, but has taken a leading 



300 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

part in the opening out of good roads and tramways in his native District. 
The Mahamahopadhyaya is a Member of the Bengal Asiatic Society, the 
Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, the Calcutta University, 
the Board of Examiners, the Central Text Book Committee of Bengal, the 
Behar Sanskrit Samdj and the Anthropological Society of Bombay ; and he 
has lately been elected a Foreign Member of the Hungarian Academy of 
Sciences at Buda-Pesth. He is also Joint-Secretary of the Hindu Hostel 
Committee, a Member of the Bethune (Girls') College Committee, and a 
Visitor of the Government Engineering College at Sibpur in the neighbour- 
hood of Calcutta. 

Residences. — Calcutta ; and Ndrit, Amta, Howrah. 

MAHBSH SITLA BAKHSH SINGH (of Basti), Rdjd. 

Born 1848. The title is hereditary, the Rdjas of Basti belonging to a 
Kshatriya family claiming descent from a scion of the ancient Rijds of 
Kalhans. The founder of the latter family was Sej, who, with Tej his brother, 
in the 14th century came to Oudh and conquered the territories of the 
Dom Rdja of Gonda. Tenth in descent from Sej was Raja Achal Singh, 
who granted Basti to his cousin, ancestor of the present Raja. The Raja 
has two sons — Lai Patesir Partab Narayan Singh, born 8th August 1870 ; and 
Babu Bhavaneshwari Part£b Narayan Singh, born 23rd February 1873. 

Residence. — Basti, North- Western Provinces. 



MAHBSHWAR PRASAD SINGH, Mahdrdj-kumdr Rao. 

Is the brother of the Mahirija Bahadur of Gidhaur in Bengal. Educated 
in Sanskrit, Persian, Hindi, and English. 

Residence. — Gidhaur, Bengal. 

MAHIMA RANJAN RAI CHAUDHRI, Rdjd. 

Born 3rd February 1854. The tide was conferred on i6th February 
1887, as a personal distinction, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of 
Her Most Gracious Majesty. The Rajd is the son of the late Babu Sambhu 
Chandra Rai Chaudhri. Belongs to the Chaudhri family of Kakina, Rang- 
pur, whose ancestors first settled in the district in the reign of Charles I., at 
which period Rama Nath Chaki was in the service of the Rijd of Kuch 
Behar. His son, Raghu Rdm, became the Sendpati or Commander-in-Chief 
of the Kuch Behar forces. His son, Rdm Nardyan, became the first Zamin- 
ddr of Kakina under the Mughals when they gained possession of Rangpur 
in 1687, and obtained the title of Chaudhri ; he died in 17 10. His son, 
Rdji Rai Chaudhri, and his grandson, Rudra Rai Chaudhri, followed in suc- 
cession; the latter died in 1768, shortly after the passing of Rangpur into 
British possession. His son, Rasik Rai Chaudhri, died in 1770, leaving a 
minor son and heir; his widow, Alaknanda Chaudhurani, successfully ad- 
ministered the Zaminddri until her son. Rim Rudra Rai Chaudhri, succeeded 
in 1784. The latter, who was distinguished as a philanthropist and scholar, 
died in 1820, and was succeeded in turn by his eldest son and grandson; 
the latter dying without issue in 1850 was followed by his cousin Sambhu 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 301 

Chandra Rai Chaudhri (son of Rdm Rudra's younger son), mentioned above 
as the father of the present Raja. He was renowned as a Vedania scholar, 
and a friend to Sanskrit learning ; he founded a Bengali press, and kept a 
number of Pandits engaged in translating Sanskrit works into Persian, and 
vice versa. His son, the present Raja, educated at Rangpur School, suc- 
ceeded to the estate as a minor ; attained his majority in 187 1. Has founded 
several schools and charitable institutions ; is a poet, author, and speaker on 
religious and political subjects, and a composer of many national songs. He 
married in 1868 Man Mohini Rai Chaudhurani, and has issue, a son, Kumar 
Mahendra Ranjan Rai Chaudhri, born 19th September 1874. The family 
crest is an angel, volant, proper; the motto — Nisi Dominus frustra. 
Residences. — Rdjbiri, Kakina ; Rangpur, Benares. 



MAHIP SINGH (of SaUyA), Rdjd. 

The title is hereditary, having been originally conferred by the Raja 
Hindi Shah, Gond Rajd of Garha-Mandla. Belongs to a family claiming 
descent from Tej Singh, of Tejgarh, in the Damoh district of the Central 
Provinces. Raja Chandra Hans received the title of Raja, and some lands 
in the Jabalpur district, from Raja Hindi Shah of Garha-Mandla, for services 
rendered in demolishing Nanagarh, a fort in the Bilaspur district. -Raja 
Chandra Hans was succeeded by his son, who was the father of the present 
Raja. 

Residence. — Saliyd, Jabalpur, Central Provinces. 



MAHIPATRAM RUPRAM NILKANTH, C.I.B., Rao Saheb. 

The title of Rao Saheb is personal, and was conferred on the 26th 
March 1861. The Rao Saheb has also been created a Companion of the 
Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. 

Residence. — Ahmadabad, Bombay. 



MAHLOG, THAKUR RAGHNATH CHAND, Thdkurof. 
A Ruling Chief 

Born 1861; succeeded to the gadi i6th May 1880. Belongs to a 
Rajput (Hindu) family, claiming descent from the Rajput Chief Rana Hari 
Chand, who in early times came on a pilgrimage, conquered the country, and 
founded the State of Mahlog. The Gurkhas overran the district between 
1803 and 1815 ; and on their expulsion in the latter year by the British 
Power, the Thakur was confirmed in the possession of his State by a sanad 
from the British Government, dated 4th September 181 5. Thirty-four 
generations of chiefs intervened between Rana Hari Chand and the late 
Thakur Dalip Chand, who succeeded to the gadi in 1849, and died in 1880. 
Mahlog is one of the Simla Hill States, and its area is 53 square miles ; its 
population about 9169, chiefly Hindus. The Thakur maintains a military 
force of 30 men. 

Residence. — Mahlog, Simla Hills, Punjab. 



302 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



MAHMUD JILANI, SHAIKH, Shams-ul-Ulama. 

This title is a personal one, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, 
on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty, 
for eminence in oriental learning. It entitles him to take rank in Darbdr 
immediately after titular Nawabs. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 



MAHMUD KHAN, MIE (of Kaldt), O.I.B. 

Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire, ist January 1878. 

Residence. — KaMt, Baluchistdn. 



MAHMUDABAD, Rdjd of. See Muhammad Amir Hasan Khan. 
MAHOMED. See Muhammad. 
MAHOMET. See Muhammad. 

MAHTAB KUNWAR (of Katiari), Rdnt. 

The title of Rdja was conferred, as a personal distinction, on the late 
Raja Tilak Singh of Katiari, in the district of Hardoi, Oudh, on the 23rd 
of April 1878. The Raja has recently died, and his widow, the Rdni, has 
succeeded him. 

Residence. — Katiari, Hardoi, Oudh. 

MAHTAB SINGH (of LidhrAn), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary, the Sardar being a descendant of Sardar Jai Singh, 
who joined the Nishanwala misl or confederacy which opposed Zain Khan, 
the Governor of Sirhind, who was slain in battle. Sardar Jai Singh obtained 
considerable territories in Lidhran, Ludhiana, and in Kharar, Ambala, about 
1759 A.D. On the invasion of Ahmad Shdh Durani he fled to the hills, and 
lost some of his Ambdla possessions, which before his return had fallen into 
the hands of the Maharaja of Patiala. He was succeeded by his only son, 
Sardar Charat Singh, who had three wives, by each of whom he had children, 
who succeeded to his estate in accordance with the rule of Chanda Vanda, 
which is the custom of this family. Sardar Mahtab Singh is the son of the 
Sardar Budh Singh, who was born in 181 2, and rendered excellent service 
to Government during the Mutiny of 1857, for which he received a suitable 
reward. 

Residence. — Lidhrdn, Ludhiana, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 303 



MAIHAB, RAJA EAGHBIR SINGH, RdjA of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1843 j succeeded to the gadi as a minor in 1852. Belongs to a 
Jogi (mendicant ascetic) family of Hindus; descended from Beni Hazuri, 
who was in the service of the Bundela Raja of Panna, and ultimately obtained 
from his master Xh^jdgir of Maihar, with the title of Rais. When Baghel- 
khand became British territory by the Treaty of Bassein in 1802, Durjan 
Singh, the youngest son of Beni Hazuri, was in possession of Maihar, and 
he was confirmed by the British Government. The grandfather of the 
present Raja was the grandson of Durjan Singh. The Raja Raghbir Singh 
obtained the title of Raja, in place of the older title of Rais, on 14th February 
1869; he has a son and heir, named Jadbir Singh. The area of the State 
is 400 square miles; its population is 71,709, chiefly Hindus, but including 
more than 10,000 belonging to aboriginal tribes. The Raja maintains a 
military force of 8 cavalry, 227 infantry, and 7 guns ; and is entitled to a 
salute of 9 guns. 

Residence. — Maihar, Baghelkhand, Central India 



MAING KAING, KUN HMON, Myoza of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

The Myoza is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier, 
which has an area of about 800 square miles, and a population consisting 
almost entirely of Shans. 

Residence. — Maing Kaing, Shan States, Burma. 



MAING NAUNG, KUN TUN, Myoza of 

A Ruling Chief. 

The Myoza is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier, 
which has an area of about 900 square miles, and a population consisting 
mainly of Shans, with a few Yins. 

Residence. — Maing Naung, Shan States, Burma. 



MAING PAN, KUN HLAING, Sawiwa of 

A Ruling Chief. 

The Sawbwa is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier. 
This State has four considerable feudatory States on the other side of the 
Sal win river, named Maing Han, Maing Sut, Maing Ta, and Maing Tun. 
Including these its area is about 3000 square miles ; and most of the 
Sawbwa's subjects are Shans. 

Residence. — Maing Pan, Shan States, Burma. 



304 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



MAING PUN, KUN TI, Sawbwa of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Sawbwa is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier, 
which has an area of about 800 square miles, and a population consisting 
mainly of Shans. 

Residence. — Maing Pun, Shan States, Burma. 

MAING SBIK, KUN PWIN, Myoza of. 
A Ruling Chief 

The Myoza is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier, 
which has an area of about 4000 square miles (more than three-fourths as 
large as the kingdom of Saxony), and a population consisting almost entirely 
of Shans. 

Residence. — Maing Seik, Shan States, Burma. 

MAING SHU, KUN MAHA, Myoza of 
A Ruling Chief 

The Myoza is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier, 
which has an area of about 100 square miles, and a population consisting 
mainly of Shans, with a good many Yins. 

Residence. — Maing Shu, Shan States, Burma. 

MAING SIN, KUN "K^KSST, Myoza of 
A Ruling Chief 

The Myoza is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier, 
which has an area of about 50 square miles, and a population consisting 
largely of Shans, with some Yins. 

Residence. — Maing Sin, Shan States, Burma. 



MAINPURI, Rdjd of. See Rampartab Singh of Mainpuri, Jidjd. 
MAJHAULI, Jidjd of. See Udai Narayan Mai of Majhauli, Hdjd. 



MAKAT SINGH, Rao. 

Born 1832. The title is hereditary, having been originally conferred on 
the Thakur ancestors of the Rao Makat Singh by the Raja Gyan Chand, and 
having long been recognised. The Rao has two grandsons — Lai Singh, born 
28th June 1869; and Ladan Singh, born 2nd April 1874. 

Residence. — Cawnpur, North-Western Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 305 



MAKRAI, RAJA BHARAT SAH, Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1846; succeeded to the gadt 5th December 1866. Belongs to a 
very ancient Gond (aboriginal) family, in which the title of " Raja Hatiyi 
Rai," originally conferred by the Emperor of Delhi, has been held from time 
immemorial. The Raja is entitled to be attended by a red-coloured flag as 
a banner, and a dhanka or drum. The State has an area of 155 square 
miles; and a population of 16,764, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Makrai, Hoshangabad, Central Provinces. 



MAESUD ALI KHAN, MAULAVI, Khdn Bahddur, Wall Kddr. 

Born 1 2th July 1829. The title of Khin Bahddur was conferred on ist 
January 1886, and that of Wali Kadr on 2nd January 1888, both as personal 
distinctions, and in recognition of the position and eminent services to the 
Government of the Maulavi and his family. Belongs to a Pathan (Umarkhel) 
family of the Muhammadans, long resident in Shahjahanpur, well known 
for their loyalty, many members of which have rendered good service in 
the Judicial Service. The Khan Bahadur was appointed to the Judicial 
Service in 185 1 ; and when at Gajner during the Mutiny of 1857 he saved 
the records of his office from the rebels. On retirement from the Govern- 
ment service he acted for some time as Chief Justice of the State of Bhopal, 

Residence. — Shdhjahdnpur, North-Westem Provinces. 



MAKSUDANGARH, RAJA RAGHUNATH SINQH, Rdjd of. 

A RuUng Chief. 

Born 1849 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor in November 1865. 
Belongs to a Khichi Rajput (Hindu) family, claiming descent from Raja 
Durjan Sal, an ancient Khichi chief of the Rajputs. The State is a feudatory 
of Gwalior; its population is about 12,000, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Maksudangarh, Bhopdl, Central India. 



MALAISOHMAT, U. LAT SINGH, Seim of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1859 ; succeeded to the gadi loth April 1890. The Seim is Chief 

of one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States, under the Chief Commissioner 

of Assam J its population is about 450, consisting chiefly of Khasis and 

Christian converts. 

Residence. — Malaisohmat, Kh£si Hills, Assam. 



MALAE RAJ, Rai Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence. — 

X 



3o6 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



MALBR KOTLA, HIS HIGHNESS NAWAB MUHAMMAD 
IBRAHIM ALI KHAN BAHADUR, Nawdb Bahddur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1858; succeeded to the gadi i6th July 187 1. Belongs to an 
Afghan family, whose ancestor. Shaikh Sadr-ud-din, came from Kabul about 
the end of the 15 th century, and obtained in marriage a daughter of the 
Afghan Emperor of Delhi, with a territory in the province of Sirhind as her 
dowry. Fifth in descent from him was Bazid Khan, who obtained the title 
of Nawab from the Emperor Alamgir, and founded the town of Maler Kotla 
in 1657 A.D. The State gradually became independent during the decay of 
the Imperial power of Delhi in the i8th century, but being under Afghan 
and Muhammadan rulers, it was frequently involved in feuds with its Sikh 
neighbours, and especially with the powerful Chiefs of Patiala. In 1732 the 
Nawab Jamal Khan aided the Imperialist troops against Raja Ala Singh of 
Patiala; and again in 1761 the same Nawab aided the forces of Ahmad 
Shah Durani against the Sikhs. Jamal Khan's son, however, the Nawab 
Bhikan Khan, experienced the vengeance of the Sikhs ; and being hard 
pressed by the forces of the Raja Amar Singh of Patiala, was forced to sign 
a treaty, under which peace ensued for many years. In 1787 the Rajd of 
Patiala aided the Nawab of Maler Kotla against the Sikh Sardar of Bhadaur. 
In 1794 a combination of Sikh Sardars attacked Maler Kotla under the 
Bedi Saheb Singh, a descendant of the great Sikh Guru, Baba Nanak. 
The Nawab was besieged in Maler Kotla, and reduced to extremities, when 
he was saved from destruction by the intervention of the Raja of Patiala. 
In General Lake's campaigns against the Mahrattas, the Nawab of Maler 
Kotla joined the British army with all his followers; and in 1809 was taken 
under British protection, and guaranteed against the encroachments of the 
Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore. The late Nawab, Sikandar Ali Khan, in 
1862, obtained the assurance of the British Government that any succession 
in accordance with Muhammadan law would be respected ; and accordingly, 
when he died without issue in 1871, he was succeeded by the present Nawab,. 
the heir of a collateral branch of the family. The area of the State is 164 
square miles; its population is about 71,000, of whom the Sikhs number 
about 28,000, the Muhammadans about 24,000, and the Hindus about 
16,000. The Nawib enjoys the title of "His Highness" as a personal 
distinction. He maintains a military force of 60 cavalry, 228 infantry, and 
6 guns ; and is entitled to a salute of 1 1 guns, including 2 guns which were 
added to the salute as a personal distinction on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Majesty as Empress of India. 

Residence. — Mdler Kotla, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 307 



MALHAR RAO, INGLI, Rao. 

Born 1827. The title is hereditary, the family having been the rulers 
of Jabalpur district during the time of the Mahratta Government. The Rao 
possesses a sanad of the time of the Emperor Shdh Alam, which styles his 
ancestor Raja Ambaji Bahadur Ingli, and shows that at a Darbar held by 
the Emperor Shdh Alam a very high position was conferred on this family, 
and the management of several tdlukas entrusted to them. Rao Gangddhar 
Ingli, father of the present Rao, was ruler of Jabalpur under the Mahratta 
Government. 

Residence. — Jabalpur, Central Provinces. 

MALIA, THAKUR MODHJI MULVAJI, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1st July 1846 ; succeeded to \![\z gadi 23rd June 1875. Belongs 
to the great Jareja Rajput (Hindu) family which has given ruling Houses to 
Kutch, Nawanagar, and Morvi ; the Malia family being an offshoot of the 
Morvi branch. The Thakur has a son and heir named Raisinghji. The 
area of the State is 102 square miles; its population 11,224, chiefly Hindus. 
The Thakur maintains a military force of 25 cavalry, 49 infantry, and i gun. 

Residence. — Malia, Kdthidwdr, Bombay. 

MALLIBM, HAIN MANIK, Seim of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1843 ; succeeded to the ^ai// i6th December 1868. The Seim is 
Chief of one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States, under the Chief Com- 
missioner of Assam; its population is 12,338, consisting chiefly of Khasis 
and Christian converts. 

Residence. — Malliem (or Mylliem), Khd.si Hills, Assam. 

MALPUR, RAWAL DIPSINGHJI SHBOSINGHJI, Rdwal of 
A Ruling Chief. 
Born 1863; succeeded to the gadi 12th April 1882, on the death of 
his father, the late RAwal Sheosinghji Khumansinghji. The Rawal belongs 
to the illustrious family of the Chiefs of the Rahtor clan of Rajputs, claiming 
descent from the legendary hero Riima and the ancient Rahtor Emperors of 
Kanauj of the Suryavansi or Solar race, through the ancient Raos of Idar. 
The Rawal is the direct descendant of Rawal Virajmal, the founder of the 
Malpur State, who was a younger son of Kirathsinghji, eighth Rao of Idar. 
The area of the State, which is tributary to Baroda, and pays kichri to Idar, 
is 324 square miles; its population 14,009, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Mdlpur, Mdhi Kintha, Bombay. 

MAN, MAUNG-, Thuye-gaung Ngweda ya Min. 

The title (which is indicated by the letters T.D.M. after the name) is 
personal, and was conferred on 2ot'h May 1890. It means " Recipient of 
the Silver Sword for Bravery." 

Residence. — Prome, Burma. 



3o8 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



MAN SINGH, CLE., Sarddr Bahddur. 

Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire, ist January 1886. 
Residence. — Punjab. 

MAN SINGH (of Sarwan), Rao Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 31st October 1879. 
Residence. — RatlSm, Central India. 

MAN SINGH, SODHI, Sarddr Bahddur. 
The title was conferred on 24th May 1882, as a personal distinction. 
Residence. — Firozpur, Punjab. 

MAN SINGH, THAKUR, Rai Bahddur. 

The title of Rai Bahadur is personal, and was conferred on 1 2th March 
1875, i"^ recognition of the excellent services rendered by the Thakur in the 
famine of 1873-74. 

Residence. — Sukpur, Bhigalpur, Bengal. 

MANA SINGH (of Mokal), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary. The Sardar is the head of the Mokal family of 
Sindhu Jats, whose ancestors rose to considerable power and importance 
during the reign of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Sardar Bela Singh (cousin 
of Sarddr Kahan Singh, Mana Singh's father), with his son Surjan Singh, 
fought on the Sikh side at the battles of Mudki, Firuzshahr, and Sobrdon ; 
and Bela Singh, severely wounded at Sobrdon, was drowned in the Sutlej in the 
vain attempt to ford the river after the bridge-of-boats had been broken down. 
In 1858 Sardar Mana Singh was appointed an officer of the 5th Banda 
Military Police ; and in September he greatly distinguished himself by the 
gallantry with which he led his troop against very superior numbers of the 
enemy — when he was wounded in the head, and his horse was wounded 
under him. On his retirement in 1861 he was made Honorary PoHce 
Magistrate of twenty-eight villages in the neighbourhood of his ancestral seat 
of Mokal; and in 1862 received a considerable grant of land. He has 
three sons — (i) Narayan Singh, born 1849.; (2) Partab Singh, born 1852; 
(3) Lai Singh, born 1855. 

Residence. — Mokal, Lahore, Punjab. 

MANA VARMA RAJA, Rdjd. See Kadattanad. 

MANA VIERAMA BAHADUR, K.G.S.I. (of Calicut), 
Mahdrdjd Sir, Zamorin. See Calicut. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 309 



MANA VIKRAMA RAJA, Rdjd, The Eralpad. 

Bom 1832. "The Eralpad" is the courtesy title borne by the heir- 
apparent to the Zamorin, or First Rd.ja of Calicut, under the Marumakka- 
tayam law of inheritance, by which the succession goes to the offspring of 
the female members of the family, amongst whom the eldest male is the heir- 
apparent. The Eralpad bears also the title of Second Raja of Calicut (see 
Calicut). 

Residence. — Calicut, Malabar District, Madras. 

MANCHBRJI KAWASJI MARZBAN, C.I.E., Khan Bahddur. 

Born 7th July 1839. The title was conferred on ist January 1877, as a 
personal distinction, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most 
Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. A respected member of the Parsi 
community, the Khan Bahadur was educated at the Elphinstone High School, 
the Poona College, and the Poona School of Engineering. Has rendered 
distinguished service in the Public Works Department of Bombay, is a C.E., 
and the Executive Engineer of the Presidency City of Bombay, in recognition 
whereof he has been created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of 
the Indian Empire, as well as Khan Bahadur. Is a J.P. of Bombay ; Fellow 
of the Bombay University ; an Associate Member of the Institute of Civil 
Engineering, and a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects. 
Was elected President of the Municipal Corporation of the City of Bombay in 
April 1890. Married Gulbai, daughter of Danaji Kueeoji, Mirza; and has 
issue, a son, named Murzban, born 15th August 1858; and a daughter, 
Mithibai, married to Jehangir D. Mugasett, Esq., of Calicut. 

Residence. — Bombay. 

MANCHERJI MBHRWANJI BHAUNAG-RI, CLE. 

Has acted as the representative of His Highness the Maharaja of 
Bhaunagar on many important occasions in England ; and was created a 
Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, 28th June 
1886, for his distinguished services both to the State of Bhaunagar and to 
the Indian Empire. Is a Member of Council of the National Indian 
Association and of other public bodies. 

Residence. — Bhaunagar, Kdthidwdr, Bombay; and Northbrook Indian Club, 
London. 

MANCHERJI RUSTAMJI DHOLU, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. 
Residence. — Aden. 

MANDAWAL, RAWAT KESRI SINGH, Rdwat of. 
A Ruling Chief 
Born 1858 ; succeeded to the gadt as a minor in 1861. Belongs to a 
Doria Rajput (Hindu) family. The population of the State is about 2000. 
Residence. — Manddwal, Western Mdlwi, Central India. 



310 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



MANDI, HIS HIGHNESS RAJA BIJE SAIN BAHADUR, 

Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1846; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 26th January 1851. 
Belongs to a Rdjput (Hindu), family of the Chandravansi or Lunar race; 
whose successive Rajas ruled from the earliest ages over the combined States 
of Suket and Mandi, until the year 1200 a.d. About that time the reigning 
Chief of Suket, named Sahu Sain, quarrelled with his younger brother ; the 
latter left Suket to seek his fortunes elsewhere, and his descendant, Ajbar 
Sain, founded the town of Mandi, and was the first Raj^ of this State. At 
the time of the Gurkha invasion in 1803, Isri Sain was the Raja of Mandi; 
he submitted to the invaders on condition of being left unmolested. After 
the expulsion of the Gurkhas by the British Power in 181 5, Mandi came 
under the control of the Superintendent of the Hill States appointed by the 
Sikh Government of Lahore ; and it suffered greatly from the turbulence 
of the Sikh army after the death of the Mahardja Ranjit Singh in 1839. 
General Ventura, the Sikh commander, invaded the State, and reduced the 
celebrated fort of Kamlagarh, and the Raja in vain besought the aid of the 
British. But at last, about the time of the first Sikh war, the British 
Government consented to intervene. In February 1846 the Raja Balbir 
Sain formally tendered his allegiance. By the treaty of March 1846 with 
the Sikhs, Mandi with the whole of the Jalandhar Doab was ceded to the 
British Government ; and Raja Balbir Sain in October of the same year 
received a sanad, confirming him in his possessions under conditions of 
feudal service. Balbir Sain died in 1851, and was succeeded by his son, the 
present Rdji, then a minor. According to the traditions of the country 
there were at one time no fewer than 300 fortresses in this State ; but of 
these only about ten now exist in any preservation — the most famous being 
the hill-fort of Kamlagarh mentioned above. The area of the State is 11 25 
square miles; its population is about 140,000, chiefly Hindus, but including 
more than 2000 Muhammadans. The Raji Bahadur maintains a military force 
of 25 cavalry, i6oo infantry, and 10 guns; and is entitled to a salute of 11 
guns. 

Residence. — Mandi, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 3" 

MANDVA, RANA JITSINGHJI, Rdnd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 
Born 1877 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 13th September 1890. 
Belongs to a Rdjput (Hindu) family. The area of the State is 7 square 
miles. 

Residence. — Mandva, Rewd Kdntha, Bombay. 

MANBSHWAR BAKHSH SINGH (of MaUanpur), Rdjd. 

Born 1850. The title of the family having been originally Rao, that of 
Rdja was recognised as hereditary in 1864, when the present Raja succeeded 
to it as a minor. Belongs to a Raikwar family, descended from the Raikwars 
of Baundi {see Sarabjit Singh, Raja). The founder of this branch"of the 
family was Ratan Singh. About the year 1580 a.d. the family acquired 
considerable possessions in the Sitapur district ; and subsequently extended 
their territory into the districts of Kheri and Bahraich. Raja Maneshwar 
Bakhsh Singh, Raikwdr, was educated at Benares and^ Lucknow under the 
Court of Wards, by whom his estates were managed for many years. He is 
an Honorary Magistrate ; and has a son and heir, Kunwar Debi Bakhsh 
Singh. 

Residence. — Mallanpur, Kheri, Oudh. 

MANGAL, RANA JIT SINGH, Rdnd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1830; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 9th November 1844. 
Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. The State was anciently a feudatory of 
Kahlur (g.v.) ; but after the expulsion of the Gurkhas, who had overrun it 
from 1803 to 1815, by the British Power, the latter declared Mangal to be 
dependent only on the British Government. The sanad of the latter is dated 
20th December 181 5. The Rana has a son and heir, named Tilok Singh. 
The area of the State, which is one of the Simla Hill States, is 13 square 
miles; its population is 1060, chiefly Hindus. The Rana maintains a 
military force of 2 5 men. 

Residence. — Mangal, Simla Hills, Punjab. 

MANGAL SINGH, G.I.B. (of Bhinai), Rdjd Bahddur. 
The title was conferred on ist January 1877, as a personal distinction, 
on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as 
Empress of India. 

Residence. — Ajmir. 

MANGAL SINGH, THAKUR (of Q,&v^, Rai BaUdur. 

The title of Rai Bahadur is a personal one, and was conferred on ist 
January 1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious 
Majesty as Empress of India. 

Residence. — Alwar, Rdjputina. 



312 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

MANIBHAI JASBHAI, Diwdn Bahddur, His Excellency. 
Prime Minister of Baroda. 

Born 1844. The title of Diwdn Bahidur was conferred, as a personal 
distinction, on 30th October 1884. His Excellency has rendered valuable 
service to His Highness the Gaekwar, to His Highness the Rao of Kutch, 
and in other States of Western India. Belongs to a Vadnagra Nagar 
Brahman family of Nariad in Gujarat. In 1870 he was invited by His 
Highness the Nawab of Junagadh to a seat in his Council ; and becoming 
Chief Justice of that State, he introduced important reforms in the Judicial 
and Police Departments. Between 1872 and 1876 he rendered admirable 
service as native assistant to the Resident, first at Palanpur, and then at 
Baroda; and on 25th September 1875, at a public Darbar held at Baroda, 
the title of Rao Bahadur was conferred on him, together with a valuable 
khilat. In May 1876 Mr. Manibhai was appointed Diwan of Kutch, at the 
express desire of His late Highness the Maharaja Pragmalji, then Rao of 
Kutch. Here he introduced great and most beneficial reforms in all 
departments, especially in the collection of the revenue, and in education 
and sanitation ; and his tact and judgment largely contributed to the settle- 
ment of a long-standing dispute as to jurisdiction between the Rao and 
his feudatories of the Royal House, the Bhayad. In 1884 he obtained the 
title of Diwan Bahadur, with a valuable khilat. With a short interval, 
during which he returned to the Baroda Service, he administered the govern- 
ment of Kutch until the close of 1885 ; and on again returning to Baroda, 
he received very substantial recognition of the value of his services from 
His Highness the present Rao of Kutch. For more than four years he was 
at the head of various departments in Baroda; and in May 1890 the 
Mahirajd Gaekwar appointed him Diwan or Prime Minister of that great 
State. In Baroda his administration has been thoroughly successful, and he 
has also published some important works in Gujarati and English. He has 
issue, three daughters and two sons — Motibhai (of the University of 
Bombay), aged about twenty-four ; and Hirabhai, aged about fifteen. 

Residence. — Petlad, Baroda State. 



MANIKJI KAWASJI DOTIVALA, Khdn Bahddur. 

Granted the title of Khan Bahddur, as a personal distinction, in recog- 
nition of eminent services rendered to the Public Works Department of 
Bombay, 2nd January 1893. 

Residence. — Bombay. 



MANIPUR, RAJA CRURA CHAND, Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1886; succeeded to the gadi i8th September 1891. Belongs to a 
Kshatriya (Hindu) family, descended from Rdjd Churai Romba, who obtained 
the Rdj about the beginning of the i8th century. His adopted son (formerly 
named Pamheiba) was the Rdjd Gharib Nawdz, who made several successful 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 313 

invasions of Burma. In the time of his grandson, the Raja Jai Singh (alias 
Ching Tung Romba), the Burmese invaded Manipur; the Rajd was com- 
pelled to seek British aid, and a treaty was concluded in 1762. Again in 
1824, in the reign of the Rdja Gambhir Singh, the State was overrun by the 
Burmese ; but the latter were at length expelled by the aid of British levies, 
and when peace was concluded in 1826 Gambhir Singh was able to extend 
his boundaries by the inclusion of the Kubo valley. The latter territory was, 
however, restored to Burma in 1834. In that year the Rija Gambhir Singh 
died, and the State subsequently has suffered much from internal dissensions 
and frequent changes of rulers. These disorders at length became unendur- 
able, and in 1890 the Government of India resolved to put an end to them. 
The first attempt to intervene was disastrous, as it was attended by the 
massacre of a considerable British force, including some high officers of 
State. The outrage was immediately followed by condign punishment, and 
all those who were responsible for the massacre were either hanged or other- 
wise rigorously dealt with. In this State the Prince next in succession to 
the gadi has the courtesy title of Yuvardj or Jubardj, and the next in dignity 
to him is called the Sendpati (sometimes spelt "Senaputty "). On the 
deposition of the late Rdji— who had enjoyed the title of Mahirajd, as a 
personal distinction — these persons were found to have been implicated in 
the recent outrages, and were punished accordingly. The State had techni- 
cally lapsed, on account of the rebellion ; but it was resolved to select a 
youthful Rijd, from among the descendants of the ruling family, and to 
continue the political existence of Manipur as a feudatory State, and there- 
upon the present Raja was placed on the gadi. The State has an area of 
about 8000 square miles, and a population estimated at about 220,000, 
chiefly Hindus, but including about 4881 Muhammadans, and 85,288 
belonging to various Hill tribes. 

Residence. — Manipur, Assam. 



MANOHAR SINGH (of Pathr&la), Sarddr. 

Born 1839. The title is hereditary. Sardar Diwan Singh, grandfather of 
the present Sardar, and son of Sardar Sohel Singh, about the year 1759 a.d. 
conquered certain territory in the Jalandhar district. His brother-in-law, 
Sardar Baghel Singh, was also a celebrated Sikh leader of those days. When 
the Maharaja Ranjit Singh conquered the Jalandhar Doab, he deprived the 
family of much of their possessions. One of the sons of Sardar Diwan 
Singh was the late Sardar Fateh Singh, father of the present Sardar. Sardar 
Manohar Singh has two sons — Sardar Sundar Singh and Sardar Dasaundha 
Singh. 

Residence. — Pathrdia, Jilandhar, Punjab. 



MANSA, RAWAL SHRI TAKHTSINGHJI, Edwal of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1877 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor i8th May 1889. Belongs 
to a Chaura Rajput (Hindu) family, whose founder, Rawal Sursinghji, a scion 
of the ancient Chaura Rajput dynasty that reigned at Anhilwara Patan, 746 



314 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

to 942 A.D., appears to have obtained an assignment of territory at Mansa on 
the downfall of the Anhilwdra Patan dynasty. The late Rdwal of Mansa, 
Rd,jsinghji Bhimsinghji, was fourteenth in descent from Sursinghji. The 
area of the State is 73 square miles; its population is 13,299, chiefly 
Hindus. 

Residence. — M^nsa, Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay. 

MANSHARAM walad WATANMAL, Rao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 14th January 1888. 
Residence. — Sehwan, Sind. 

MAOIONQ, JIT SINGH, Seim of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1842; succeeded to the gadt 27th August 1867. The Seim is 
Chief of one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States, under the Chief Com- 
missioner of Assam ; its population is 1 646, consisting chiefly of Khasis and 
Christian converts. 

Residence. — Maoiong, Khdsi Hills, Assam. 

MAOSANRAM, SAM BURAI, Seim of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1877; succeeded to the ^a^/ as a minor 28th March 1890. The 
Seim is Chief of one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States, under the Chief 
Commissioner of Assam ; its population is 1104, consisting chiefly of Khasis 
and Christian converts. 

Residence. — Maosanram, Khisi Hills, Assam. 

MARDAN SINGH (of Pindd,rna), Thdkur. 

Born 1854. The title is hereditary, having been originally granted by 
the Rija Mardin Singh of Garha-Mandla to an ancestor of this family named 
the Rawat Parshdd, who had saved his (the R^jd's) life from the Rdjd, of 
Tehri. Belongs to the same family as that of the Thikur Gaya Parshad of 
Sagar. 

Residence. — Pinddrna, Sigar, Central Provinces. 

MARIAO, BUROM, Seim of 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1863; succeeded to the gadi 5th May r888. The Seim is Chief 
of one of the Khdsi and Jaintia Hill States, under the Chief Commissioner 
of Assam; its population is 3669, consisting chiefly of Khdsis and Christian 
converts. 

Residence. — Mariao, Kh£si Hills, Assam. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 31S 

MARTAND "WAMAN SHOTRI, Rao Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887. 
Residence. — Poona, Bombay. 

MARWAR, His Highness the Mahdrdjd of. See Jodhpur. 



MASUD ALI MIRZA BAHADUR, Prince. 

The Prince is the twelfth son of the late King of Oudh, and bears the 
title as the courtesy title of his high rank. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 



MATA DIN, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890. The Rai 
Bahadur has rendered long and meritorious services to Government in the 
Judicial Department, and was for some time Subordinate Judge of Muzaf- 
farpur. 

Residence. — Patna, Bengal. 



MATHWAR, RANA RANJIT SINGH, Rdnd of. 
A Ruling Chief 

Born 1861 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor in 1865. Belongs to a 
Bhilala family. The area of the State is about 140 square miles; its 
population is about 2630, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Mathwdr, Bhopiwar, Central India. 



MAUKMB, KUN HMON, Sawbwa of 
A Ruling Chief 

The Sawbwa is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier, 
which has an area of about 2500 square miles, and a population consisting 
almost entirely of Shans, but with some Yins. 

Residence. — Maukme, Shan States, Burma. 



MAULADAD KHAN walad WALIDAD KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being the representative of one of the 
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation {see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 



3i6 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

MAUNG MAN, KUN WA, Myoza of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Myoza is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier, 
which has an area of 25 square miles, and a population consisting almost 
entirely of Shans, but with some Yins. 

Residence. — Maung Man, Shan States, Burma. 

MAYA DAS, Rat. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Firozpur. Punjab. 

MAYARAM SHAMBHUNATH, Rao Saheb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 28th June 1878. 
Residence. — Sural, Bombay. 



MBGHRAJ KOTHARI, alias MBGHRAJ OSWAL 
(of Murshidabad, Bengal), Rai BaMdw. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 8th October 1867, for services 
rendered to Government during the Bhutan war. 

Residences. — Goilpdra, Assam ; and Azamganj, Murshidabad. 

MBHDI ALI, Nawdb Mohsin-ul-Mulk. 

The Nawab is at present Secretary to the Government of His Highness 
the Nizam of the Deccan. For distinguished services to that Government His 
Highness was pleased to confer on him the title of Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk. 
The Nawab has occupied some of the most responsible posts in the State 
of Hyderabad, in whose service also he has visited Europe, with his colleague 
the Nawab Mehdi Hasan, Fateh Nawaz Jang Bahadur, and received the high 
acknowledgments both of His Highness the Nizdm and of the British 
Government. 

Residence. — Hyderabad, Deccan. 



MBHDI ALI KHAN, Nawdb BaUdur. 

The title is personal, the Nawdb Bahddur being the son of Nawdb Jafar 
Ali Khan, who was the grandson of a daughter of Saddat Khdn, Burhdn-ul- 
Mulk, King of Oudh. The Nawdb Bahddur is an Honorary Magistrate in 
Oudh. ■ ^ ^ 

Residence. — Oudh. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 317 



MEHDI HASAN, Nawdb Fateh Nawaz Jang Bahddur. 

The Nawab Bahddur is at present Home Secretary to the Government of 
His Highness the Nizam of the Deccan, having been promoted to that office 
from the high and responsible post of Chief Justice of Hyderabad. For 
distinguished services to that Government His Highness was pleased to 
confer on him the title of Nawab Fateh Nawdz Jang Bahadur. The Nawdb, 
who is well known as a powerful writer in the Ti7nes and other organs of 
public opinion, has been identified with some of the most important and 
valuable reforms in the State of Hyderabad, in whose service also he has 
visited Europe, with his colleague the Nawab Mehdi Ali Mohsin-ul-Mulk, and 
received the high acknowledgments both of His Highness the Nizam and of 
the British Government. 

Residence. — Hyderabad, Deccan. 



MEHDI HASAN KHAN, Nawdb Bahddur. 

The title is personal, the Nawab Bahadur being the son of Ikhtiar-ud- 
daula, grandson of Saddat Ali Khan, King of Oudh. 

Residence. — Oudh. 



MBHDI HASAN KHAN, MIRZA, Nawdb Bahddur. 

The title is personal, the Nawab Bahadur having married the daughter 
of a daughter of the late Muhammad Ali Shah, King of Oudh. The Nawab 
Bahadur is the son of Mirza Ali Jah Bahadur. 

Residence. — Oudh. 



MEHDI HUSAIN KHAN, Nawdb Bahadur. 

The Nawab Bahadur is the son of Mirza Wala Jah Bahadur, and 
holds this courtesy title as a descendant of one of the Kings of Oudh. 
The Mirza Wala Jah Bahadur's grandfather was the grandson of the son of 
one of the daughters of Saadat Khan, Burhan-ul-Mulk, King of Oudh. 

Residence. — Oudh. 



MEHR SINGH, CHHACHI, Sarddr. 

Born 1857. The title is hereditary, the Sardar being the head of a 
Kohli Kshatriya family, whose ancestor, Sardar Tehil Singh, came long 
ago from Bhatneo, settled at Salargarh in Chhach in the Rawalpindi district 
of the Punjab, and made considerable conquests. A descendant of Sardar 
Tehil Singh, named Sardar Jiwan Singh, entered the service of the Maharaja 
Ranjit Singh of Lahore ; served with credit at Bannu, Tank, Mitha Tiwana, 



3i8 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

and elsewhere ; and for eight years was stationed at Dera Ismail Khan. 
During the rebellion of 1848 Sardar Jiwan Singh, with his son Sardar 
Gurdit Singh (father of the present Sardar), rendered excellent service to the 
Government ; they joined Lieutenant (afterwards Sir Herbert) Edwardes, and 
served under him to the end of the war. Sardar Jiwan Singh died in 1852, 
and was succeeded by his son Sardar Gurdit Singh, who again rendered 
admirable service to the Government during the Mutiny of 1857. He was 
succeeded by his eldest son, the present Sardar. 

Residence. — Jhelum, Punjab. 



MBHR-ULLA KHAN, SARDAR, Nawdb. 

The title of Nawab is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890. 
Residence. — Baluchistan. 

MBHRAN KHAN, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1889. 
Residence. — Upper Sind Frontier District. 

MBHRJIBHAI KUVARJI TARAPURWALA, C.I.B. 

Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire, 24th May 1888. 

Residence. — Bombay. 



MEMA MAL, LALA, Rai Bahddur. 

Born 1838. The title was conferred on 2nd January 1888, as a personal 
distinction, in recognition of long and meritorious service to the Govern- 
ment in the Ordnance Department, especially during the Afghan campaigns 
of 1878-79-80. Belongs to a Khatri family settled in the Delhi district; 
son of the late Lala Ghazi Ram of Delhi. Educated in the Delhi College ; 
appointed to the Ordnance Department in 1859. 

Residences. — Calcutta, Bengal ; and Chipiwira, Delhi, Punjab. 

MBNGNI, JARBJA MADHAVASINGHJI MANSINGHJI, 

Tdlukddr of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1847; succeeded to the^a^f/ 12th September 1864. Belongs to 
a Rajput (Hindu) family. The area of the State is 34 square miles ; its 
population is 3454, chiefly Hindus. The Talukdar maintains a military 
force of 2 2 infantry and 3 guns. 

Residence. — Mengni, Kithiiwdr, Bombay. 

MEWAR, His Highness the Mahdrdnd of. See Udaipur. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 319 



MIDNAPUR, RAJA MAHENDRA LAL KHAN, RdjA of. 

Born ist September 1843. The title of Raja was conferred on i6th 
February 1887, as a personal distinction, on the occasion of the Jubilee of 
the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty, in recognition of his " public 
spirit and liberality on many occasions." Belongs to the family of the 
Zamindars of Narajol, descended from Udaya Narayan Ghosh, which 
family has held possession (with one interruption) of the Midnapur Raj since 
the time of the Raja Ananda Lai Khan (June 1800), who was the elder 
brother of the grandfather of the present Raja. Just before the close of the 
last century, Trilochan Khan of Narajol was called in to aid the Ranis — 
widows of the Raja Ajit Singh, the last of the older line of Midnapur Rajas. 
Trilochan Khan was the first cousin, on the mother's side, of the Raja 
Jeswant Singh, father of Raja Ajit Singh. He was succeeded by his nephew 
Sitaram Khan, who in turn was succeeded by his sons, Ananda LAI Khan, 
Nanda Lai Khan, and Mohan Lai, Khan. Ananda Lai Khan at length 
succeeded to the whole of the Midnapur Raj. The family has had the 
misfortune of being involved in frequent and heavy litigation. Raja Mohan 
Lai Khan was succeeded by his son Raja Ajudhya Ram Khan, father of 
the present Raja, in 1830. In January 1877, on the occasion of the Procla- 
mation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress, he received a Certificate 
of Honour. He died in 1879, and was succeeded by the present Raja, 
who is a distinguished musician, and the composer of several Hindu musical 
works. When the Raja in 1887 was invested with the title, the Lieutenant- 
Governor of Bengal, after addressing him in terms of eulogy, added : " I 
take pleasure in investing you with the well-earned dignity which the 
Viceroy has bestowed on you ; the representative of a very ancient family 
in Midnapur, which received its honours from the Mughal Government, you 
have devoted your wealth and influence, as your father did before you, 
to the service of your fellow-countrymen. In endowments and donations 
to schools, libraries, and hospitals, in the construction of the Narajol em- 
bankment, and above all in the remission of rents to your tenantry in bad 
years, you have set a noble example." The Raja has a son and heir, 
named Narendra Lai Khan, born 17th September 1867. 

Residence. — Midnapur, Bengal. 



MIR HUMAYUN JAH, BAHADUR, C.I.B. 

Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire, ist January 1880. 

Residence. — Madras. 



MIR KHAN, SAYTID, Sarddr Bahadur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred in 1858. 
Residence. — Bulandshahr, North- Western Provinces. 



320 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



MIR WAZIR ALI, Khdn Bahddur. 

The Khan Bahadur is an Honorary Magistrate of Lucknow ; and for 
his public services received the title as a personal distinction on 25 th May 
1892. 

Residence.— Isackaov), Oudh. 



MIRAJ (Senior Branch), GANGADHAR RAO GANPAT, alias 
BALA SAHBB PATWARDHAN, Chief of . 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1866 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 6th June 1875. Belongs 
to the Patwardhan (Brahman) family, to whose ancestor, Govind Hari 
Patwardhan, the grant of the Miraj State, with the title of Sardar, was made 
by the Peshwa Madhava Rao in 1764 a.d. In 1820 the State was 
divided into four shares, of which two lapsed in 1842 and 1845 respectively. 
Of the two that remain as feudatory States, the present Chief of the senior 
branch was educated at the Rajkumar College, Indore, and ranks as a 
First Class Sardar in the Southern Mahratta country. The area of the 
State is 320 square miles; its population is 69,732, chiefly Hindus, but 
including 7473 Muhammadans. The Chief maintains a military force of 
5 1 cavalry, 494 infantry, and 7 guns. 

Residence. — Mirdj, Southern Mahratta Country, Bombay. 



MIRAJ (Junior Branch), LAKSHMAN RAO HARIHAR, alias 
ANNA SAHBB PATWARDHAN, Chief of 

A Ruling Chief 

Is a minor, being the son of the late Harihar Rao Dada Saheb, who 
was born in 1833, and succeeded to the gadi sth February 1876. Belongs 
to the Patwardhan (Brahman) family, to whose ancestor, Govind Hari 
Patwardhan, the Peshwa Madhava Rao in 1764 a.d. granted the Mirij 
State with the title of Sardar. In 1820 the State was divided into four 
shares, of which two lapsed in 1842 and 1845 respectively. Of the two 
that remain as feudatory States, the present Chief of the junior branch is 
the grandson of the late Lakshman Rao Anna Saheb, who was the grandson 
of Gangddhar Rao Govind, son of the above-mentioned Govind Hari 
Patwardhan, founder of the State. The family banner is known as bhagwaj- 
henda, and is an ensign of a red colour ; and the Chief is entitled to be 
attended by danka (kettledrums), pdlki (State palanquin), lagi (flags), and 
other marks of dignity. The area of the State is 207 square miles; its 
population is 30,541, chiefly Hindus, but including 1667 Muhammadans. 
The Chief maintains a military force of 25 cavalry, 253 infantry, and 
5 guns. 

Residence. — Mirdj, Southern Mahratta Country, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 321 



MIRZA HAIRAT, PROFESSOR, Shams-ul-Ulama. 

The title is a personal one, and was conferred on 25th May 1892, in 
recognition of his eminent attainments in oriental scholarship. It entitles 
him to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular Nawabs. 

Residence. — Elphinstone College, Bombay. 

MIT SINGH (of Dhandwal), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary, the Sardar being descended from a Jat leader, 
Sardar Mdn Singh, who conquered the territory of Dhandwal, in the district 
of Hoshiarpur, about the year 1759 a.d. 

Residence. — Jdlandhar, Punjab. 

MITHAN LAL, PANDIT, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 13th November 1884. 
Residence. — Delhi, Punjab. 

MITRA, A., Rai Bahddur. 

Granted the title of Rai Bahadur, as a personal distinction, for eminent 
medical services in Kashmir, 2nd January 1893. Is L.R.C.P. and L.R.C.S. 
of Edinburgh. 

Residence. — Kashmir. 

MOBYB, KUN YAN, Sawbwa of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

The Sawbwa is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier, 
which has an area of about 1000 square miles, and a population consisting 
almost entirely of Shans. 

Residence. — Mobye, Shan States, Burma. 



MOHAN LAL, SAH, Rai Bahddur. 

Born 1841. The title was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty, in 
recognition of his loyalty during the Mutiny of 1857, and of his eminent 
services on the Local and District Boards. He belongs to an important 
Brahman family long settled in the district of Agra. 

Residence. — Agra, North-Westem Provinces. 

MOHANLAL RANCHORDAS JHAVBRI, Rao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th August 1888. 
Residence. — Bombay. 



322 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



MOHANPUR, THAKUR HIMMATSINGHJI UMBDSINGHJI, 

Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1876; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 6th October 1882. 
Belongs to a Puar Rdjput (Hindu) family, claiming descent from the ancient 
Raos of Chandrawati near Mount Abu in Rajputdna. Jaspdl, the founder 
of this branch of the family, moved from Chandrawati to Harol in Mdhi 
Kdntha in 1226 a.d. Thirteen generations later Thakur Prithwi Raj 
moved to Ghorwara. The late Thakur,. Umedsinghji Daulatsinghja, was 
born in 1854, succeeded to the gadi in 1875, s-nd died in 1882. The 
area of the State is 560 square miles; its population is 14,677, chiefly 
Hindus. It is tributary to Baroda, and pays kichri to Idar. 

Residence. — Mohanpur, Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay. 

MOHARBHANJ, RAJA SRIRAM CHANDRA BHANJ DEO, 

Hdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1872 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 29th May 1882. Belongs 
to a Kshatriya (Hindu) family, claiming descent from Adhi Bhanj, said to 
have been a Kachhwaha Rajput, and a connection of the then Raja of Jaipur. 
Adhi Bhanj is believed to have come from Rdjputana into Orissa about 
2000 years ago, and gradually to have established his authority over the 
country between the Subarnarekha river and the borders of Dhenkanal. 
Subsequently a member of the Moharbhanj family named Joti Bhanj 
established himself in the southern part of this territory as Rdja of 
Keunjhar, and Adhi Bhanj retained the country between the Subarnarekha 
and Baitarani rivers, which is Moharbhanj proper. Thirty-nine generations 
of Rajas intervened between Adhi Bhanj and the late Rdja, Krishna 
Chandra Bhanj Deo, who was granted the title of Maharaja, as a personal 
distinction, on ist January 1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation of 
Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India — as also his grandfather, 
the Raja Jadundth Bhanj Deo, had many years before been granted the same 
personal distinction for his service in quelling a rebellion in the Kolhan. 
The eldest son and heir-apparent of the Rajd. in this State is entitled to the 
courtesy title of " Tikait Babu " ; and the family cognisance is the sacred 
peacock with tail spread. The area of the State, which is one of the Orissa 
Tributary Mahals, is 4243 square miles; its population is 385,737, nearly 
equally divided between Hindus and aboriginal tribesmen. The Rajd 
maintains a military force of 5 1 2 infantry and r i guns. 

Residence. — Moharbhanj, Orissa, Bengal. 

MOHI-UD-DIN SHARIF, Xhdn Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1878, for dis- 
tinguished medical services. The Khdn Bahddur has been made an 
Honorary Surgeon. 

Residence, — Madras. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



323 



MOHKAM SINGH (of Partd,pner), Rdjd. 
Born 20th January 1864. The title is hereditary, dating from a time 

before the Muhammadan Empire. The Rijd is one of the Chiefs of the 
illustrious Chauhan clan of Rajputs, boasting a 
lineal descent from Prithvi Rd,ja, Chauhan Raja 
of Ajmir and Delhi, the last Hindu Emperor. 
In the 13th or early in the 14th century the 
Raja Sumar Sah (grandson of Karan Singh, son 
of Prithvi Raja) conquered the Meos in Etawah, 
Cawnpore, and the surrounding districts, and 
established himself as Raja in the western part 
of the Etawah district. His descendants built 
the great fort of Etawah; but when that was 

The Santak of the Chauh4u captured bv the Mahrattas under Hari Pant, the 

Rijputs, called CA^^ra, used ^ , . , -r^ /, r-.- i i i /-n • r i_ -i^ ^i. 

in the seal and for signature. Raja Partab Singh, the then Chief, built ttie 
(A circle with four Trisuias or existing fort of Partapner. The late Raja, 
Lokindra Singh, succeeded as a minor; his uncle 
and guardian, Zohar Singh, rendered good service 
to the Government during the Mutiny of 1857. The present Raja suc- 
ceeded on the death of his father, Raja Lokindra Singh. 
Residence. — Partapner, Etowah, North-Western Provinces. 




Tridents as radii at the car- 
dinal points.} 



MOMBIE, KUN MAUNG-, Sawbwa of. 
A Ruling Chief 

Born 1883. The Sawbwa is Chief of one of the Shan States, on the 
Burma frontier. Succeeded recently to the chiefship as a minor ; and 
during his minority the State is administered by the Chief Commissioner of 
Burma. The area of the State is about 2100 square miles; its population 
consists almost entirely of Shans. 

Residence. — Momeik, Shan States, Burma. 

MONB, KUN KYI, K.S.M., Sawbwa of. 
A Ruling Chief 

The Sawbwa has received from the Viceroy, as representing Her Majesty 
the Empress, the honour of K.S.M. {JCyef Thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya 
Min, meaning "Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour"), for the good 
services rendered by him to the Imperial officers, and his good adminis- 
tration. He is the Chief of one of the most important of the Shan States, 
Burma ; which, with its feudatory Kyaing Ton, has an area of about 3000 
square miles, and a population consisting almost entirely of Shans. 

Residence. — Mone, Shan States, Burma. 



MORBSHWAR RAO, Jiao Saheb. 
The title is hereditary, the Rao Saheb being the descendant and repre- 
sentative of Rao Vinayek Rao, who was the Prime Minister of the old 
Mahratta Government of Sagar. He had originally come from the Deccan, 



324 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

and having been appointed a Mamlatdar by the Mahratta Government, 
ultimately rose to be Prime Minister. The family also held the title of 
Subahdar under the Mahrattas. The late Rao Saheb Kishan Rao was born 
in 1824, and was an Honorary Magistrate. He died recently, and was 
succeeded by his son, the present Rao Saheb. 
Residence. — Sdgar, Central Provinces. 

MORO GOPAL PANDHARI, Rao Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1883. 
Residence. — Poona, Bombay. 

MORO KRISHNA DABHOLKAR, Rao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1882. 
Residence. — Ahmadnagar, Bombay. 

MOROBA KBSHRI NATH SENJIT, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd January 1888. 
Residence. — Bombay. 

MORVI, HIS HIGHNESS THAKUR SAHEB SIR WAGHJI 

RAVAJI, K.C.I.E., Thdktir Saheb of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 17th April 1858; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 17th February 
1870. Belongs to the illustrious Jareja Rajput (Hindu) family, that has also 
given ruling Houses to Kutch, Nawanagar, Malia, and other States; the 
Thakur Saheb of Morvi is also Jagirdar of Amerdi, in Kutch, which possesses 
a port named Jangi. He was educated at the Rajkumar College, has 
visited Europe, and administers the affairs of his State in person. The 
State, which is tributary to Baroda and Junagarh, has an area of 821 miles; 
and a population of 89,964, chiefly Hindus, but including 11,942 Muham- 
madans. His Highness maintains a military force of 121 cavalry, 1155 
infantry, and 7 guns, and is entitled to a salute of 1 1 guns. 

Residence. — Morvi, K^thidwir, Bombay. 

MORWARA, Thdkur of. See Tharad and Morwara. 

MOTA BARKHERA, BHUMIA BHARAT SINGH, Bhumia of 

A Ruling Chief 
Born 1835. Belongs to a Bhilala family; the Bhilalas are generally 
accounted aboriginal, but according to some accounts are the descendants of 
intermarriages between Rajputs (Hindu) and Bhils (aboriginal). The popu- 
lation of the State is about 4000. 

Residence. — Mota Barkhera, Bhopdwar, Central India. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 325 

MOTA KOTHARNA, THAKUR PARBATSINGHJI, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1st December 1848; succeeded to the gadi on the death of his 
father, the late Thakur Hiraji, 6th November 1864. The Thakur claims to 
be descended from the great Chauhan clan of Rajputs. The State has a 
population of 595, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Motd. Kotharna, Mdhi K^ntha, Bombay. 

MOTI SINQH (of Mandhata), Thdkur. 

Born 3rd December 1848. The title is hereditary, the Thakur being a 
descendant of the ancient Rajas of Mandhata. The founder of the family 
was the Thakur Chhattar Singh. 

Residence. — Mandhata, Nimdr, Central Provinces. 

MRA U, MAUNGr, Ahmiidan gaung Tazeik-ya Min. 

The title was conferred, as a personal distinction, on 2nd January 1893. 
It is indicated by the letters A.T.M. after the name, and means " Recipient 
of the Medal for Good Service." The Maung is Extra Assistant Com- 
missioner and Akunwan of Akyab, Burma. 

Residence. — Akyab, Burma. 

MUAZZIM HUSAIN, SAYYID, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title was conferred on i6th February 1887, as a personal distinc- 
tion, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious 
Majesty. 

Residence. — Barisdl, Bengal. 

MUBARAK KHAN walad GHULAM SHAH KHAN, Mir. 
The title is hereditary, the Mir being the representative of one of the 
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation {see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 

MUBARAK KHAN walad WALI MUHAMMAD KHAN, Mir. 
The title is hereditary, the Mir being the representative of one of the 
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation {see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

MUDHOL, VYANKAT RAO BALWANT RAO RAJB 

GHORPARB, alias BALA SAHEB, Chief of . 

A Ruling Chief 

Born 9th April 1861 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 27th March 
1862. Belongs to the Bhonsle-Ghorpare family; which, though Mahratta, 
claims descent from Chob Rao, said to have been a son of the Maharana of 
Udaipur, who came to the Deccan in very early times, and obtained from 
the King of Bijapur the territory of Mudhol with the title of Raja. The family 



326 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

is also said to have a common ancestor with Sivaji the Great, the founder 
of the Mahratta Empire. The second family name of Ghorpare is said to 
have been given because, one of its ancestors managed to scale a fort 
previously deemed impregnable, by attaching a cord to the body of a 
ghorpad. or iguana, and thereby drawing himself up. The family banner is 
called the " Bahuta " ; and is a triangular flag or ensign of three colours — 
white, black, and green. The Chiefs of Mudhol fought against Sivaji, but 
ultimately took military service under the Peshwds. Vyankat Rao I., the 
grandfather of the present Chief, became a feudatory of the British Power. 
He died in 1854, and was succeeded by his son, Balwant Rao ; who died in 
1862, and was succeeded by his son, the present Chief. He holds the rank 
of a First Class Sardar of the Southern Mahratta Country. His State has 
an area of 362 square miles; and a population of 52,163, chiefly Hindus, 
but including 3710 Muhammadans. The Chief maintains a military force 
of 20 cavalry, 387 infantry, and i gun. 

Residence. — Mudhol, Southern Mahratta Country, Bombay. 

MUDIN SHERIP. See Muhi-ud-din Sharif. 

MUHABAL walad G-HULAM NAJAP KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being the representative of one of the 
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

MUHAMMAD ABBAS, MIRZA, Nawdb Bahadur. 

The title is personal. The Nawdb Bahadur enjoys it as the husband of 
a grand-daughter of the late Saadat Ali Khan, King of Oudh. He is the 
son of the Nawab Sharik-ud-daula. 

Residence. — Oudh. 

MUHAMMAD ABBAS, MUFTI MIR, Shams-ul-Ulama. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty, for 
eminence in oriental learning. It entitles him to take rank in Darbar 
immediately after titular Nawabs. 

Residence. — Bengal. 

MUHAMMAD ABBAS HUSAIN KASRA BAKHT MIRZA 
BAHADUR, Prince. 

The title is personal, and is the courtesy title of the Prince, as twenty- 
fourth son of the late King of Oudh. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

MUHAMMAD ABDUL ALI, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1858. The title is personal, and was conferred on 30th March 
1876, the Khan Bahadur being a son of Rashid-ud-daula, half-brother of His 
late Highness Azim Jdh, the first of the titular Princes of Arcot. 

Residence. — Madras. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 327 



ABDUL BARI, Khdn Bahdiur. 

Born 1858. The title is personal, and was conferred on 30th March 
1876, the Khan Bahddur being a grandson of Rashid-ud-daula, half-brother 
of His late Highness Azim Jah, the first of the titular Princes of Arcot. 

Residence. — Madras. 



MUHAMMAD ABDULLA BADSHAH SAHEB, HAJI, 
Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Madras. 



MUHAMMAD ABDUR RAHMAN, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal ; it was conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic, 
and recognised on i6th December 1890. 
Residence. — Madras. 

MUHAMMAD ABU TALIB KHAN, Majid-ud-daulA Mumtdz-ul-Mulk 
Bahddur, Rustam Jang. 

The title is personal; it was originally conferred in 1838 by the late 
Muhammad Ali Shah, King of Oudh, and has been recognised by 
Government. Has married the grand-daughter of the late Muhammad 
Ali Shah, King of Oudh ; and is the son of the Nawab Hashmat-ud- 
daula. 

Residence. — Lucknow, Oudh. 

MUHAMMAD APZAL KHAN, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1881. 
Residence. — Dera Ismail Khdn, Punjab. 

MUHAMMAD APZAL KHAN, LIEUTENANT-COLONEL 
WAZIRZADA, C.S.I., Nawab. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 8th October 1886. The 
Nawab had received the title of Khan Bahadur on 3rd August 1874; and 
was created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, 
24th May 1881. 

Residence.— Vt.'^kviz.r, Punjab. 

MUHAMMAD AHMAD ALI, Nawab Bahddur. 
The title is personal, the Nawab Bahadur being the son of Mirza 
Jalil-us-Shan, grandson of the late Muhammad Ali Shah, King of Oudh. 
Residence. — Oudh. 



328 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



MUHAMMAD AJMAL, SAYYID, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890, for 
loyalty and good services rendered to Government. 
Residence. — Barh, Bengal. 

MUHAMMAD AKBAR KHAN, ORAKZAI, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1881. The Khan 
Bahadur belongs to an Afghan family of the Orakzai clan. 
Residence. — Peshdwar, Punjab. 

MUHAMMAD AKRAM HUSAIN AFSAR-UL-MULK MIRZA 
BAHADUR, Prince. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of this nobleman as twenty- 
second son of the late King of Oudh. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

MUHAMMAD AKRAM KHAN, SIR, K.O.S.I. (of Arab), 
Nawdb Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 25th September 1868. The 
Nawab Bahadur is Chief of Amb, on the right bank of the Indus, where he and 
his ancestors have long been independent. He also holds Western Tanawal, 
in the Hazara district, from the British Government. Belongs to a Pathan 
(Muhammadan) family ; and his father, Jahandad Khdn, son of Painde 
Khdn, was a loyal Chief, who rendered good service in the time of the 
Mutiny in 1857. The Nawab Bahidur Sir Muhammad Akram Khan 
showed active and gallant conduct in the field, fighting on the side of the 
British Government, and rendered effective aid during the disturbances in 
Agror on the Hazara frontier. In recognition of these services he was 
created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, and 
given the title of Nawib, in 1868; and subsequently he has received the 
higher title of Nawab Bahddur, and been promoted to be a Knight 
Commander of the same Most Exalted Order. 

Residence. — Hazdra, Punjab. 

MUHAMMAD ALI, Mirza Bahddur. 

The title is personal, the Mirza Bahadur being a son of Rafi-us-Shdn 
Mirza Muhammad Naki Ali Bahadur, and grandson of the late Muhammad 
All Shah, third King of Oudh. 

Residence. — Oudh. 

MUHAMMAD ALI, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. 

Residence. — Bangalore, Mysore. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 329 

MUHAMMAD ALI, MIR, Nawdb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. 

Residence. — Faridpur, Bengal. 

MUHAMMAD ALI, MIEZA, Bedar Bakht Bahddur. 
The title is personal, the Mirza being a descendant of the Oudh family. 
Residence. — Lucknow, Oudh. 

MUHAMMAD ALI MIRZA BAHADUR, Prince. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title held by the Prince as the 
eleventh son of the late King of Oudh. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

MUHAMMAD ALI, T., Khdn Bahddur. 

Granted the title of Khan Bahadur, in promotion from that of Khan 
Saheb, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 1893. 
Residence. — Madras. 

MUHAMMAD ALI KHAN, Nawdb. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Sehwan, Sind. 

MUHAMMAD ALI KHAN (of Hasanpur), Rdjd. 

Born 24th May 1857. The title is hereditary. The Raja is the head of 
the Musalman branch of the great Bachgoti sept of the illustrious Chauhan 
clan of Rajputs, — for an account of the Hindu branch of this family see the 
accounts of Madho Prasad Singh, Rai of Adharganj, and Partab Bahadur 
Singh, Rdja of Kurwar. Of the two grandsons of Bariar Singh, one, Chahar 
Sen, was the ancestor of the Adharganj Rais ; the other, Rup Singh, had 
three grandsons, of whom the second, Prithipat Singh, was the ancestor of 
the Kurwar Rajas, while the eldest, Jai Chand, was the ancestor of 
this Hasanpur family. His son, Tilok Chand, fell a prisoner into the hands 
of the Emperor Bdbar, and to regain his liberty adopted the Muhammadan 
faith, his name being changed to Tatdr Khan. He also received from the 
Emperor the title of Khan-i-Azam, whence his family have the name of 
Khanzadas. His grandson, Hasan Khan, was a favourite of the Emperor 
Sher Shah, who visited his capital of Hasanpur (previously called Narwal), 
and gave him the right of creating Rajds in Eastern Oudh. The Rajl 
Husain Ali took an active part against the Government in the Mutiny of 
1857, and commanded the rebel infantry at the battle of Sultanpur in 1858, 
in which his only son was killed. Under the terms of the general amnesty 
he recovered his estates; but died in i860, and was succeeded by his brother 
the Rdja Khairat Ali, father of the present Raja. The latter succeeded in 
1869 ; and is an Honorary Magistrate. 

Residence. — Hasanpur, Sultanpur, Oudh. 



330 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



MUHAMMAD ALI KHAN, Nawdb Bahddur. 

The Nawdb Bahddur bears this courtesy title as the grandson of the late 
Amjad Ali Shdh, fourth King of Oudh. The Nawab Bahadur's father was 
the Nizam-ud-daula, who married the daughter of that monarch. 

Residence. — Oudh. 

MUHAMMAD ALI KHAN (of KunjpurA), Nawdb. 

The title is hereditary, the Nawab being the descendant of a Pathan 
family founded by the Nawdb Nijabat Khan about the close of the last 
century. He came from Kdndahar with a following of free lances, and 
ultimately established himself at Kunjpurd. He aided the invader Nddir 
Shah, and obtained from that Emperor the title of Nawab. In 1808-9 
the Chief of Kunjpurd, with the other Cis-Sutlej States, came under British 
protection. In the rearrangements after the second Sikh war, in 1849, 
Kunjpurd became British territory, and its Chief was invested with Magisterial 
power. The Nawdb Muhammad Rahmat Khan, great-grandson of the 
Nawab Muhammad Nijabat Khdn, left four sons, of whom the eldest died 
without issue ; and the second, the Nawab Gholdm Ali Khan, who succeeded 
him, was the father of the present Nawdb. The latter has a son and heir 
named Muhammad Ahmad Ali Khan. 

Residence. — Kunjpurd, Kamdl, Punjab. 

MUHAMMAD ALI KHAN, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Meerut, North- Western Provinces. 

MUHAMMAD ALI KHAN (of Chitari). 
See Muhammad Mahmud Ali Khdn. 

MUHAMMAD ALI NAKI KHAN, Mirza Bahddur. 

The title is personal, the Mirza Bahddur being the son of the Nawdb 
Imdm Ali Khdn, who was the grandson of the late Shujd-ud-dauld, King of 
Oudh. 

Residence. — Oudh. 



MUHAMMAD ALLAHDAD KHAN, Sarddr Bahddur, 
Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1825. The title of Sarddr Bahddur was conferred on 24th June 
1859, as a personal distinction, for his eminent services during the Mutiny; 
and the additional title of Khdn Bahddur, also as a personal distinction, was 
conferred in 1878. The Sarddr Bahddur comes of a Pathdn family, 
distinguished on both sides for their military services; his maternal 
grandfather was Commander-in-Chief of the forces of Hdfiz Rahmat Khdn of 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 331 

Rohilkhand, whilst his paternal grandfather was an officer of high rank in 
the army of the King of Oudh. He is a retired Risalddr of the First Punjab 
Cavalry ; and distinguished himself so much by his valour and loyalty during 
the Mutiny of 1857 that he was created a Member of the Order of British 
India of the First Class, with the title of Sardar Bahadur, and a grant of 
some land. He has several sons. 

Residence. — Bareilly, North- Western Provinces. 

MUHAMMAD AMIN KHAN, KHAN EEL, Xhdn Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 27th March 1880. 
Residence. — Kohd.t, Punjab. 

MUHAMMAD AMIR, Khan Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence. — Peshdwar, Punjab. 

MUHAMMAD AMIR HASAN KHAN, SIR, K.C.I.B. 
(of Mahmudabad), Rdjd, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1849; succeeded his father, the Raja Nawab Ali Khan, in 1858. 
These titles are hereditary, and were conferred by the British Government 
on 4th December 1877, 24th May 1883, and 5th March 1884, having been 
originally derived, with other honours, from the Mughal Emperors of Delhi 
and from the Kings of Oudh. The Raja of Mahmudabad is also entitled to 
be addressed as " Amir-ud-daula, Sayyid-ul-Mulk, Mumtaz Jang," a distinction 
proposed for him by Sir Henry Davies when Chief Commissioner of Oudh, 
as a special mark of recognition of his public services. The Raja is the first 
cousin of the Raja of Paintepur ; and though belonging by birth to the 
younger branch of the family, is the head of the elder branch by adoption. 
The family is Shaikh Sadiki ; but they are usually called Khanzadas, because 
at some remote period the title of Khan was bestowed on one of their 
ancestors. The founder of the family was Shaikh Nathu, who about 1360 
A.D. was employed by the King of Delhi against the Bhars, and was re- 
warded for his services by the grant of large estates in Fatehpur. His 
descendant, Daud Khan, being a General in the Delhi army, was created a 
Nawab ; and Daud's grandson, the Nawdb Bazid Khan, obtained the addi- 
tional titles of Bahadur, Muzafifar Jang, and some others. The Nawdb 
Daud Khan's son, Mahmud, founded the town of Mahmudabad about 1677, 
and it has ever since remained the seat of the family. He was Imperial 
Governor of Jaunpur, and died at that place. A descendant, the Nawab 
Muhammad Imam Khan, divided his estates between his two sons ; the 
elder, the Nawab Muhammad Ikram Khan, retained Mahmudabad, while 
the younger, Maghar Ali Khan, obtained Belahra, and became the ancestor 
of the Rajas of Paintepur and Belahra. Muhammad Ikram Khan's two sons, 
Sarfaraz Ali Khan and Musahib Ali Khan, both died without issue; the 
widow of the latter, who succeeded him in 18 10, was at the head of the 
Mahmudabad estate till 1838, when she died, having adopted a cousin from 
the Belahra side, named Nawab Ali. The latter was an able man, who 
greatly increased the estate ; he was also a distinguished scholar and poet. 



332 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

He died in 1858; and was succeeded by his only son, the present Rdji, 
who was a minor under the Court of Wards till 1867. Educated at Sitipur 
School, Benares College, and Canning College, Lucknow. In 1871 he was 
elected Vice-President of the British Indian Association, and has since been 
President of that important body. At the great Darbdr held by the late 
Lord Lawrence in Lucknow, he was presented with a Sword of Honour ; and 
on 2nd January 1893, was created a Knight Commander of the Most 
Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. He is an Honorary Magistrate, and 
has the powers of an Assistant Collector. He has a son and heir, named 
Ali Muhammad Khdn, born 1881. 

Residence. — Mahmudabad, Sitipur, Oudh. 



MUHAMMAD ANWAR-UD-DIN, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1849. The title is personal, and was conferred on 30th March 
1876, the Khan Bahadur being one of the sons of Rashid-ud-daula, half- 
brother of His late Highness Azim Jah, the first of the titular Princes of 
Arcot. 

Residence. — Madras. 

MUHAMMAD ANWAR-UL-HAJE, MAULAVI, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence. — Abu, Rdjputdna. 

MUHAMMAD ASGHAR, ALI, Mirza Bahddur. 
The title is personal, the Mirza Bahadur being the son of the Mirza 
Khurram Bakht, and grandson of the late Muhammad Ali Shd,h, King of 
Oudh. 

Residence. — Oudh. 

MUHAMMAD ASGHAR HUMAYUN JAH MIRZA BAHADUR, 

Prince. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of the sons of His late 
Majesty the King of Oudh. The Prince is the sixteenth son. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

MUHAMMAD ASHRAP (of Asifpur), Chaudhri. 
The title was conferred as a personal distinction in 1877. 
Residence. — Asifpur, Hardoi, Oudh. 

MUHAMMAD ASKARI, Mirza Bahddur. 

The Mirza Bahidur enjoys this title as a personal distinction, as being 
the son of Prince Rafi-uz-Shdn Mirza Muhammad Naki Ali Bahadur, and 
grandson of His late Majesty Muhammad Ali Shdh, King of Oudh. 

Residence. — Oudh. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 333 



MUHAMMAD ASKARI BULAND JAH MIRZA BAHADUR, 

Prince. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title enjoyed by this nobleman as 
seventh son of the late King of Oudh. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

MUHAMMAD ASLAM KHAN, C.I.B., Sarddr Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 22nd October 1881. Was 
created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, 1 5th 
February 1887, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most 
Gracious Majesty. 

Residence. — Peshdwar, Punjab. 

MUHAMMAD ASLAM KHAN, KAZI, C.M.G. 

Has been created a Companion of the Most Distinguished Order of St. 
Michael and St. George. 

MUHAMMAD AZIM (of KakraH), Chatidhri. 

Born 1853 ; succeeded his father, the late Raja Khaslat Husain, in 1882. 
The title of Chaudhri is hereditary, having been so under the old Govern- 
ment of Oudh, and so recognised by the British Government in 1877. The 
head of the family was, before the annexation of Oudh, Chakladdr or Chaudhri 
of Sandila. The present Chaudhri's grandfather, Chaudhri Hashmat Ali, 
was well spoken of by Sir William Sleeman in his account of Oudh. He at 
first took part against the Government in the Mutiny of 1857, and was a 
noted and active rebel leader, frequently engaged with the British troops, and 
acting as Nazim of Hardoi and the neighbouring districts. He had, however, 
the reputation of being an honourable enemy, never guilty of any cruelties ; 
and early in 1858 he tendered his submission, and became as active on the 
side of the Government, being engaged in many actions against the rebels. 
For these services he received a khilat and a grant of land. He was suc- 
ceeded by his son, Chaudhri Khaslat Husain, who was an Honorary Magis- 
trate and Assistant Collector, Secretary to the Aujuman-i-Hind of Oudh, and, 
shortly before his death, was given the rank of R^ja as a personal distinction. 
The present Chaudhri is an Honorary Magistrate ; he has a son and heir, 
named Muhammad Jan, born 1867. 

Residence. — Hardoi, Oudh. 

MUHAMMAD AZMAT ALI KHAN. See Azmat Ali Khan. 

MUHAMMAD BABAR MIRZA BAHADUR, Prince. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title enjoyed by the Prince as the 
sixth son of the late King of Oudh. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 



334 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



MUHAMMAD BAHRAM SHAH (of Eassapagla), Shdhzdda. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on nth June i860, in recogni- 
tion of the Shahzada's position as a lineal descendant of Tippu, Sultin of 
Mysore. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

MUHAMMAD BAKAR walad AHMAD KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being the representative of one of the 
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation {see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Shikirpur, Sind. 

MUHAMMAD BAKAR ALI (of Kotaha), Mir. 

The title is hereditary ; the Mir belonging to a Sayyid (Muhammadan) 
family, claiming descent from Kdsim Ali Khan, who was the Physician to the 
Imperial Court at Delhi, and acquired the Kotaha territory in the last cen- 
tury in the following circumstances. The ruler of Kotaha was a Rijput Rajd 
named Dup Chand, a feudatory of the Raja of Sirmur. Being expelled by 
the Sirmur Raja, he repaired to Delhi to get assistance from the Emperor ; 
and having given one of his daughters to the Imperial zandna, and forced his 
son to embrace Isldm, he obtained some troops to reinstate him. The force 
was accompanied by the Imperial Physician, Kasim Ali Khan, as Political 
Agent. Both the Raja Dup Chand and his son, Fil Murad, died without 
issue ; so Kasim Ali Khan then established himself in their place at Kotaha. 
His grandson, Mir Muhammad Jafar Ali Khan, obtained from General 
Ochterlony, after the expulsion of the Gurkhas in 1815, the grant of the 
jdgir of Kotaha. During the Mutiny of 1857 the Mir Muhammad Akbar 
Ali Khdn was suspected of sympathising with the rebels, and his fort at 
Kotaha was destroyed. Again, in 1864, the fort was rebuilt, contrary to the 
orders of Government ; it was again destroyed, and the Mir banished. He 
died in exile, and his grandson, the present Mir, was reinstated in his 
estates. He has two sons — Sayyid Muhammad and Muhammad Jdfar Ali. 
Residence. — Kotaha, Ambdla, Punjab. 



MUHAMMAD BAKAR ALI KHAN (of Kunwa Khera), 

Nawdb. 

Born 1851; succeeded his father, the late Nawab Amjad Ali Khin, in 1875. 
The title is hereditary, having been originally conferred by the King of Oudh, 
Muhammad Ali Shah, on an ancestor of the present Nawdb, and recognised by 
the British Government in 1877. The Nawab is descended from Khwdja 
Safi, a Kashmiri noble who took service with Asaf-ud-daula, fifth King of 
Oudh. Khwdja Safi's son, Hikim Mehndi, was Ndzim of Muhamdi and 
Khairabad from i799toi8i9; Prime Minister to Nasir-ud-din Haidar from 
1830 to 1832, and to Muhammad Ali Shah in 1837. As Chakladdr he 
made the district a garden, constructed numerous public works, and gained 
the universal respect and affection of the people. He died 24th December 
1837, and left a portion of his vast property to his brother's son, Ahmad 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 335 

All, Nawab Mundwar-ud-dauld, who was the Prime Minister of the King 
Muhammad AH Shih, and himself connected by marriage with the King's 
family. The latter was succeeded by his son, Nawib Ashraf-ud-daula, Amjad 
Ali Khan, who was a General in the army of the King of Oudh. He was 
succeeded by his son, the present Nawdb, in 1875. 
Residence. — Kunwa Khera, Sitdpur, Oudh. 

MUHAMMAD BARKAT ALI KHAN, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title was conferred on 29th May 1868, for distinguished military and 
police services. Belongs to a Pathan family; descended from Muhammad 
Sahab Khdn, who followed the Nawab Bahadur Khan from Peshawar into 
India. The Khdn Bahadur's father, Muhammad Arif Khan, was the son of 
AbduUa Khan, alias Buddu Khan ; he entered the service of the British 
Government, and on retirement on pension received a grant of land. The 
Khan Bahadur entered the service of the British Government in 1847, *nd 
rendered good service as a police officer in the Hoshiarpur district. In 1848 
he was severely wounded in the fight at the Amb Bagh in the Jashwan Dan ; 
where, under the orders of Lord Lawrence, then Commissioner of the Trans- 
Sutlej States, he gallantly showed the way up the hill to attack the insurgents 
posted on the top. Subsequently he became Risaldar of the Mounted Police 
at Amritsar, and assisted in the capture of the 26th Native Infantry mutineers. 
In i860 he was appointed Tahsildar of Lahore, and distinguished himself 
by his exertions in the cholera epidemic at Lahore in 1867; and sub- 
sequently in raising mules and muleteers for service in Abyssinia. Appointed 
Extra Assistant Commissioner of Lahore ; and has received the thanks of 
the Government of India and of the Punjab for his valuable political ser- 
vices. He is a Member of the Senate of the Punjab University ; and has a 
son and heir, named Bashir Ali Khan. 

Residence. — Lahore, Punjab. 

MUHAMMAD PAIZ ALI KHAN, SIR, K.C.S.L (of PaMsu), 

Mumtaz-ud-dauld, Nawdb. 

The titles are hereditary, and were conferred on 9th September 1870 
and 1 2th July 1881. Created a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted 
Order of the Star of India, 28th January 1876. Belongs to an ancient 
Musalman Rajput family, whose ancestors were Badgujars who settled in the 
Bulandshahr district about 11 85 a.d. Partdb Singh was invited by Prith- 
viraj, the last Chauhan Emperor of Delhi, to assist him against the Chandels ; 
and he subsequently settled at Pahasu, where the family have ever since been 
seated. He received a large territory as the dowry of his wife, the daughter 
of the Dor Raja of Kol. Eleventh in descent from him was Lai Singh, a 
favourite of the Emperor Akbar, who received from the Emperor the title of 
Lai Khan ; hence this branch of the family is called Lalkhani. During the 
reign of Aurangzeb, the family became Musalmans ; and in 1774 the 
Emperor Shah Alam granted a large estate to Nahar Ali Khan. He and 
his nephew, Dundi Khan, opposed the British in the Mahratta war in 1803, 
and lost their estates. Dundi Khan was pardoned ; but again rebelling, his 
estates were given to Mardan Ali Khan, another nephew of Nahar AU Khan, 
who had been faithful to the British cause. His large territories were divided 



336 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

among his five sons ; one of them, the late Murdd AH Khan, was the father 
of the present Nawab of Pahasu. Murad Ali and his son, Sir Faiz Ali, 
behaved with conspicuous loyalty and bravery throughout the Mutiny of 
1857. The latter was Commander-in-Chief of the Jaipur troops, and ren- 
dered most valuable services, and was rewarded with a khilat, an extensive 
grant of lands, and the various honours already noted. He has distinguished 
himself as the Prime Minister of the State of Jaipur, and also as the Super- 
intendent of the State of Kotah. Is a Fellow of the Allahabad University, 
and has been exempted from personal appearance in the Civil Courts. He 
has a son and heir, named Muhammad Fayaz Ali Khdn, born 1856. 
Residence. — Pahd.su, Bulandshahr, North-Western Provinces. 

MUHAMMAD FARRUKH SHAH, Shdhzdda (Prince). 

Born 1850. The title of Shahzdda was conferred on i8th May 1881, as 
a personal distinction, in recognition of the Prince's position as grandson of 
the late Prince Gholam Muhammad, and great-grandson of the late Tippu, 
Sultan of Mysore, the English equivalents of that title being indicated by 
the courtesy titles of His Highness or Prince. The Prince also bears the 
title of " Honourable " as a Member of the Bengal Legislative Council, to 
which he was appointed in 1887, and reappointed in 1889. Was Sheriff of 
Calcutta for the year 1891. Is an Honorary Magistrate, President of the 
Central National Muhammadan Association, and one of the leading Muham- 
madan nobles of Bengal. His grandfather, the late revered Prince Gholam 
Muhammad, was well known both in India and in England. He twice visited 
England, and had the honour of being received by Her Majesty the Queen 
and the late Prince Consort, from whom he received some valuable presents. 
Some letters written to him by the late Prince Consort are preserved by 
Prince Farrukh Shah as the most valued heirlooms of the family. Prince 
Farrukh Shah's father was the late Prince Ahmad Halim-uz-Zaman, who 
died in 1884. 

Residence. — -Taliganj, Calcutta, Bengal. 

MUHAMMAD FAZL-ULLA, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1868. The title was conferred on 8th October 1875, as a personal 
distinction, in recognition of his position as son of His late Highness Zahir- 
ud-daula, the second of the titular Princes of Arcot. 

Residence. — Madras. 

MUHAMMAD GHAUS, HAJI, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal ; it was conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic, and 
recognised on i6th December 1891. Is also styled Intizam Khan Bahadur. 

Residence. — Madras. 

MUHAMMAD GHAUS, SHAIKH, Khdn. 

The title is personal ; it was conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic, 
and recognised on i6th December 1891. 

Residence. — Madras. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 337 



MUHAMMAD GHAYAS-UD-DIN, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1889. 
Residence. — Thagi and Dakaiti Department. 



HAMID, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1850. The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th January 
1883, in recognition of his position as the son of the Nawab Ahmad-un-Nisa 
Begam, daughter of the Nawab Azim-un-Nisa Begam, and grand-daughter 
of His late Highness Nawab Azim-ud-daula, penultimate Nawab of the 
Carnatic. 

Residence. — Madras. 



MUHAMMAD HAMID ALI, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 23rd June 1829. The title was conferred on i6th February 1887, 
as a personal distinction, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her 
Most Gracious Majesty. Belongs to a Shaikh Sadiki family of ancient descent. 
His grandfather, Muhammad Jamil-ud-din Khan, received from the Emperor 
Shah Alam II. the titles of Nawab and Khan Bahadur. The Khan Bahadur 
has rendered good service as a Judge in the Punjab. 

Residence. — Sahdranpur, North-Westem Provinces. 

MUHAMMAD HAMID-ULLA, SATYID, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal ; it was conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic, and 
recognised on i6th December 1890. 

Residence. — Hyderabad, Deccan. 

MUHAMMAD HASAN ALI, Mirza Bahddur, Sulaimdn Kadr. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of the Mirza Bahadur as a 
son of the late Amjad Ali Khan, fourth King of Oudh. 
Residence. — O udh . 

MUHAMMAD HASAN ALI, Mirza Bahddur. 

The title is personal, as the courtesy title of a grandson of the late 
Muhammad Ali Shah, third King of Oudh. The Mirza Bahadur's father 
was Mirza Khurram Bakht. 

Residence. — Oudh. 



MUHAMMAD HASAN ALI, Mirza Bahddur. 
The title is personal, as the courtesy title of a grandson of the late 
Muhammad Ali Shah, third King of Oudh. The Mirza Bahadur's father 
was Mirza Azim-us-Shan. 

Residence. — Lucknow, Oudh. 



338 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



MUHAMMAD HASAN ALI KHAN, His Highness Mir. 

Born 14th August 1824. Is the son of His late Highness Mir Nasir 
Khan of Sind, who was born in 1802 ; became one of the ruling Mirs or 
Princes of Sind in 1833, and died in 1845, two years after the annexation of 
that Province. He was succeeded by His Highness the present Mir ; who 
was born in the Fort of Hyderabad, and is now a political pensioner, living 
in his own village, about three miles from Hyderabad, the ancient capital of 
the Amirs of Sind. Before the annexation the Sindi title of the Mir Nasir 
Khan was " Sarkdr Faiz Asar " ; and that of the present Mir was " Sarkdr 
Rafiatmaddr." 

Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 

MUHAMMAD HASAN AZAD, MAULAVI, Shams-ul-Ulama. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on 
the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty, for 
eminence in oriental learning. It entitles him to take rank in Darbar 
immediately after titular Nawabs. 

Residence. — Delhi, Punjab. 

MUHAMMAD HASAN KHAN, Mirza Bahddur. 

The title is personal, as the courtesy title of a son-in-law of the son of 
the late Muhammad Ali Shdh, third King of Oudh. The Mirza Bahadur's 
father was Mirza Muhammad Jafar Khan. 

Residence. — Oudh. 

MUHAMMAD HASAN KHAN, Mirza Bahddur. 

The title is personal, as the courtesy title of a great-grandson of the late 
Shuja-ud-daula, King of Oudh. The Mirza Bahadur's father was the Nawab 
Hasan Ali Khan, grandson of that monarch. 

Residence. — Oudh. 

MUHAMMAD HASAN KHAN walad IMAM BAKHSH 
KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being the representative of one of the 
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation {see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

MUHAMMAD HASAN KHAN BAHADUR, KHALIFA SAYYID, 
C.I.E., Wazir-ud-dauld Mudabbir-ul-Mulk. 

The title was conferred on 20th January 1883, as a personal distinction, 
for eminent services rendered to the State of Patiala, and to the Empire. 
His Excellency is the Prime Minister of the State of Patidla ; and was 
created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, ist 
January 1886. 

Residence. — Patidla, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 339 

MUHAMMAD HASAN, HAJI, Khdn Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 23rd February 1888. 
Residence. — Kermanshah, Persia. 

MUHAMMAD HASHIM AKHTAR JAH, MIRZA BAHADUR, 

Prince. 

The title is personal, as the courtesy title of the twenty-first son of His 
late Majesty the King of Oudh. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 



MUHAMMAD HUSAIN BAKR KAMYA, MIRZA BAHADUR, 

Prince. 

The title is personal, as the courtesy title of the nineteenth son of His late 
Majesty the Kling of Oudh. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 



MUHAMMAD HUSAIN, KHALIFA SAYYID, Mushir-ud-dauld, 
Mumtaz-ul-Mulk, Khdn Bahadur. 

The title of Khan Bahadur was conferred on 24th May 1889, as a 
personal distinction, for good services rendered to the State of Patiala and 
to the Empire ; and the other titles were similarly conferred, 2 oth January 
1883. Is the Foreign Minister of the State of Patiala. 

Residence. — Patiala, Punjab. 



MUHAMMAD HUSAIN KHAN, Khdn Bahadur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1886, for good 
services rendered in the Army Medical Department as Assistant Surgeon. 
Residence. — Lahore, Punjab. 



MUHAMMAD HUSAIN KHAN, SUBAHDAR, Khdn Bahadur. 

The title was conferred on i6th February 1887, as a personal distinction, 
on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty, in 
recognition of good military services as an officer of the Second Sikhs. 

Residence. — 2nd Sikh Infantry. 



MUHAMMAD IBAD-ULLA, Khdn Bahadur. 

Born 1839. The title is personal, and was conferred on 8th October 
1875, in recognition of his position as son of His Highness Zahir-ud-daula 
the second of the titular Princes of Arcot. ' 

Residence. — Madras. 



340 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



MUHAMMAD IBAD-ULLA, KMn Bahddur. 

Born 1837. The title is personal, and was conferred on 30th March 
1876, in recognition of his position as son of Rashid-ud-dauM, half-brother 
of His late Highness Azim Jah, the first of the titular Princes of Arcot. 

Residence. — Madras. 



MUHAMMAD IBRAHIM, MAULAVI, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1856. The title was conferred on ist June 1888, as a personal 
distinction. Belongs to a Muhammadan family, whose ancestor, Kdzi Fakhr- 
ud-din, settled in Jaunpur in the t\me of the Mughals. For important 
services rendered during the Mutiny of 1857, Hdji Imim Bakhsh, grand- 
father of the Khan Bahadur, received a khilat and a considerable grant of 
land. The Khan Bahadur is an Honorary Magistrate. 

Residence. — Jaunpur, North- Western Provinces. 



MUHAMMAD IBRAHIM ALI AWALI MARTABAT, MIRZA 
BAHADUR, Prince. 

The title is personal, as the courtesy title of the eighth son of His late 
Majesty the King of Oudh. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 



MUHAMMAD IBRAHIM KHAN, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 3rd August 1874. 
Residence. — Peshdwar, Punjab. 



MUHAMMAD IJAZ HUSAIN KHADIM-UL-AIMA, MIRZA 
BAHADUR, Prince. 

The title is personal, as the courtesy title of the twenty-third son of 
His late Majesty the King of Oudh. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 



MUHAMMAD ISHAE, SAYYID, Tirazish Khdn Bahddur, Khdn 
Bahddur, Shams-ul- Ulama. 

This title is personal; it was conferred on i6th February 1887, on 
the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty, for 
eminence in oriental learning. It entitles him to take rank in Darbdr 
immediately after titular Nawdbs. 

Residence. — Madras. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 341 



MUHAMMAD ISMAIL KHAN, SIAL (of Jhang), Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 31st January i860, for 
great and conspicuous services to Government. The Sials of Jhang are 
a Muhammadan clan (originally Rijputs, but long ago converted to Islam) 
of great antiquity, claiming descent from Rashid Khan, and until the time 
of the Mahdrdjd, Ranjit Singh they possessed great power in the country 
bordering on the Chenab. After the Mahdrajd had unsuccessfully attacked 
Multin in 18 10, he carried off Ahmad Khan, then Chief of Jhang (whom 
he suspected of favouring Muzaffar Khan, the Nawab of Multdn), as a 
prisoner to Lahore. Subsequently Ahmad Khdn received a considerable 
jdgir in the Amritsar district; and on his death it was continued to his 
elder son, Mdyat Khan (the elder brother of the present Chief). Mayat 
Khdn was killed, fighting on the side of Diwdn Sawan Mai against the 
Raja Goldb Singh of Jamniu. Muhammad Ismail Khan, the present Chief, 
in 1848, at the request of Major (afterwards Sir) Herbert Edwardes, raised 
a force, and used his influence, which was great in the district, on the 
side of the Government. During the Mutiny his services to the Government 
were conspicuous. He has a son and heir named Kabir Khan. 

Residence. — Jhang, Punjab. 



MUHAMMAD ISMAIL SAHBB, MIRZA, Xkdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890. 
Residence. — Madras. 



MUHAMMAD JAFAR ALI KHAN, Nawdb Bahddur. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of a grandson of the 
late Muhammad Ali Shah, third King of Oudh. The Nawab Bahadur 
is the son of the late Muazzam-ud-daula, who married a daughter of that 
monarch. 

Residence. — Lucknow, Oudh. 



MUHAMMAD JALAL, MIRZA BAHADUR, Prince. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of the fifth son of the late 
King of Oudh. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 



MUHAMMAD JAM JAH ALI KARA AHMAD, MIRZA 
BAHADUR, Prince. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of the third son of the late 
King of Oudh. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 



342 THE GOLDEN DOOK OF INDIA 



MUHAMMAD JOGI, MIRZA BAHADUR, Prince. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of the fourth son of the late 
King of Oudh. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 



MUHAMMAD KAME-UD-DIN HAIDAR, Mirza Bahddur. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of a grandson of Amjad 
Ali Shah, fourth King of Oudh. The Mirza Bahadur's father was Mirza 
Mustafa Ali Haidar, son of that monarch. 

Residence. — Oudh. 



MUHAMMAD KARAMAT-ULLA, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1870. The title is personal, and was conferred on 8th October 1875, 
in recognition of his position as a son of His late Highness Zahir-ud-daula, 
the second of the titular Princes of Arcot. 

Residence. — Madras. 



MUHAMMAD KARIM, MUNSHI, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born January 1835. The title was conferred on i6th February 1887, 
as a personal distinction, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of 
Her Most Gracious Majesty, in recognition of eminent services to the 
State. Belongs to a very ancient Muhammadan family, claiming descent 
from Omar, the second Khalif of the Prophet, and from Jamdl-ud-din 
Husain, whose doctrines are followed by the majority of Sunni Muhamma- 
dans. An ancestor came to India in the reign of the Emperor Muhammad 
Tughlak, and having received certain grants of land, settled in Kahmpur. 
His descendants removed to Muhammadabad, when that town was founded 
by Muhammad Ibrahim Surkhi. During the time of the Mutiny of 1857 
the Khan Bahadur rendered good service by sheltering refugees, by procuring 
supplies and information, and by helping to place a bridge of boats across 
the Rapti. For these services he was made a Deputy Collector, and 
received, as a khilat, a Sword of Honour bearing a suitable inscription. 
In 1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty 
as Empress of India, he received a Medal of Honour and a Certificate 
of Honour ; and in 1887 the title he now holds. 

Residence. — Azimgarh, North-Western Provinces. 



MUHAMMAD KARIM-ULLA, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1851. The title is personal, and was conferred on 8th October 
187 s, in recognition of his position as a son of His late Highness Zahir-ud- 
daula, the second of the titular Princes of Arcot. 

Residence. — Madras. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 343 



MUHAMMAD EASIM ALI, Mirza Bahddur. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of a grandson of the late 
Muhammad Ali Shdh, third King of Oudh. The Mirza Bahddur is the 
son of Rafi-u-Shdn Mirza Muhammad Naki Ali Bahd,dur, one of the surviving 
sons of that monarch. 

Residence. — O udh . 



MUHAMMAD KASIM HUSAIN KHURSHBD JAH, MIRZA 
BAHADUR, Prince. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of the eighteenth son of 
the late King of Oudh. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 



MUHAMMAD KAZIM HUSAIN KHAN (of Paintipur), Rdjd. 

Born 1852 ; succeeded his father Raja Ibad Ali Khd,n in 1870. The 
title is hereditary, having been originally conferred on Ibad Ali Khin in 
1853 by the King of Oudh, and subsequently recognised by the British 
Government in 1877. Belongs to the Shaikh Sadiki family known as 
Khanzadas, and is the first cousin of the Raja of Mahmudabad. For 
the family history down to the time of Muhammad Imam Khan, see the 
account given of this family under the heading " Muhammad Amir Hasan 
Khan, Raja of Mahmudabad." When Muhammad Imam Khan divided 
his estates, the younger son, Mazhar Ali Khan, received Belahra in Bara 
Banki as his portion ; and his grandson, the late Raja Ibad Ali Khan 
(father of the present Raja of Paintipur), also acquired Paintipur, and became 
Raja of Paintipur as well as Belahra. The Raja has a son and heir, born 
in 1889. 

Residence. — Paintipur, Sitdpur, Oudh. 



MUHAMMAD KHAN walad G-HULAM HAIDAR KHAN, 

Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a representative of one of the 
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation {see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Sind. 



MUHAMMAD KHAN (of Kot Sarang), Rdjd. 

The title is hereditary, the Rajd, being the head of the Janjoah Rajput 
family of Kot Sarang. The Janjoah tribe of Rajputs were in early ages 
very powerful They were settled near the Salt Range, but having become 
divided among themselves, they were dispossessed of much of their territory 
by the Gakkars {see Karamdad Khan Gakkar, Raja of Pharwala) and by 
the Awans. Raja Sarang was the founder of the Kot Sarang family. He 
built the fort called Kot Sarang after his name, and was celebrated for 
his valour; and was ultimately slain in a fight with the Afghans near 



344 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

Makhad. The sixth in descent from him was Rijd Fateh Khan, father 
of the present RAja, who was also a distinguished Chief. The family were 
dispossessed by the Awans, but were subsequently granted some land by 
the Sarddr Dhanna Singh Malwai, a General of the Mahdrajd Ranjit Singh 
of Lahore. Rajd Muhammad Khan has three sons — Ahmad Khdn, Sarddr 
Khdn, and Aziz Khin. 

Residence. — Jhelum, Punjab. 



MUHAMMAD KHAN, Sarddr Bahddur. 

The title was conferred in 1857, as a personal distinction, in recognition 
of his services during the Mutiny campaigns, and his conspicuous bravery 
as an officer of the distinguished Corps of Guides. He retired as a 
Risaldir-Major on a special pension 187 1, and received a grant of lands 
in the district of Peshdwar. He is an Honorary Magistrate of Peshawar. 
The Sarddr Bahddur has three sons — Yusaf Ali, Sabz Ali, and a third (still 
a minor). 

Residence. — Peshdwar, Punjab. 



MUHAMMAD KHAN (SIKANDAE KHAN), DBHLVI, Khdn 

Bahddur. 

The title was conferred on i6th February 1887, as a personal distinction, 
on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Thdna, Bombay. 



MUHAMMAD KHAN, HAJI, Nawdb. 

The title was conferred on i6th February 1887, as a personal distinction, 
on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Dera Ghdzi Khan, Punjab. 



MUHAMMAD KHAN, LAGHARI, Sarddr, Nawdb. 

Born 1819. The title having been originally conferred by the Mir Nur 
Muhammad of Sind on the Nawdb's father, Wall Muhammad, in considera- 
tion of his services and of his having been wounded several times in battle, 
it has been recognised as hereditary by the British Government. Belongs 
to the Laghari clan of Baluchis, and claims descent from Hot Khdn Laghari, 
who came to Sind from Kohistan with his son, Ghuldm Muhammad Khan, 
and remained in the service of the Mirs of Sind. Has rendered good service 
to Government as an Extra Assistant Collector of Sind, for which he enjoys a 
pension; and he also holds %ora&jdgirs in the districts of Hyderabad and 
Shikdrpur, Sind. The Nawdb has a son and heir named Fateh Muhammad 
Khdn. 

Residence. — Hala, Sind. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 34S 



MUHAMMAD KUDRAT AZIZ, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 8th October 1875, in re- 
cognition of his position as son-in-law of His late Highness Zahir-ud-daula, 
the second of the titular Princes of Arcot. 

Residence. — Madras. 



MUHAMMAD LATIP, SATTID, Khdn Bahddur. 

Received the title, as a personal distinction, on 25th May 1892, in 
recognition of eminent public services rendered as Extra Judicial Assistant 
Commissioner. 

Residence. — Punjab. 



LUTP-ULLA, MAULAVI HAPIZ, Shams-ul-Ulama. 

This title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty, for 
eminence in oriental learning. It entitles him to take rank in Darbar 
immediately after titular Nawabs. 

Residence. — Madras. 



MUHAMMAD MAHMUD, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1845. The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th January 
1883, in recognition of his position as son of the Nawab Ahmad-un-Nisa 
Begam, the daughter of Nawab Azim-un-Nisa Begam, and grand-daughter of 
His late Highness Nawab Azim-ud-daula, penultimate Nawab of the Carnatic. 

Residence. — Madras. 



MUHAMMAD MAHMUD ALI KHAN (of CMtari), Nawab, 
Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 9th October 1826. The Nawab belongs to the same Musalman 
Rajput family as the Nawab Sir Muhammad Faiz Ali Khan, K.C.S.I., of 
Pahasu, who is his nephew ; and the family history down to the time of the 
Nawab Mardan Ali Khan, father of this Nawab, is given under that heading. 
When the estates of the Nawab Mardan Ali Khan were divided among his 
sons, Chitari came to Muhammad Mahmud Ali Khdn. He rendered good 
services during the Mutiny of 1857, and as a reward, on i6th September 
1859, he received the title of Khan Bahadur as a personal distinction, with 
a khilat and a grant of lands in Bulandshahr district. At the Imperial 
Assemblage at Delhi on ist January 1 877, on the occasion of the Proclamation 
of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India, the title of Nawab was 
conferred on him, as a personal distinction, for life ; and declared hereditary, 
2nd January 1893. 

Residence. — Bulandshahr, North- Western Provinces. 



346 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



MUHAMMAD MAJID MIRZA, Mirza. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of a grandson of the late 
Amjad Ali Shdh, fourth King of Oudh. The Mirza is the son of the Mirza 
Muhammad Hasan Ali, Sulaiman Kadr i^q.v^, who is the surviving son of 
that monarch. 

Residence. — Oudh. 



MUHAMMAD MOHSIN, MUNSHI, KMn Bahadur. 

Born 23rd April 1831. The title was conferred on i6th February 1887, 
as a personal distinction, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her 
Most Gracious Majesty, in recognition of his long and faithful services to 
Government. He is a nephew of the Chaudhri Muhammad Ashraf, 
Chaudhri of Asifpur {q.v^, in the Hardoi district. He rendered excellent 
service during the Mutiny of 1857, and has been appointed a Deputy 
Collector in Oudh. 

Residence. — Bilgrdm, Hardoi, Oudh. 



MUHAMMAD MOHSIN, SAYYID, Khdn Bahddur, Zul-Kadr. 

Born 1832. The title is hereditary, and was conferred on loth September 
1 86 1, on the father of the present Khin Bahadur, the Sayyid Muhammad 
Nasir Ali Khan. He was the Deputy Collector of Allahabad at the time of 
the Mutiny in 1857, and rendered loyal services to the Government. He 
separated himself from the rebels, and assisted the garrison in the Allahabad 
Fort by communicating information, furnishing supplies, and oflering money. 
In recognition of these services he received a khilat, the grant of some con- 
fiscated estates, and the hereditary title of Khan Bahadur, Zul-Kadr. His 
son, the present Khan Bahadur, Zul-Kadr, succeeded on the death of Nasir 
Ali Khin, and has been appointed a Deputy Collector of the North-Western 
Provinces. He has a son and heir, the Sayyid Muhammad Ahsan, born 
22nd August i86g. 

Residence. — Jaunpur, North-Western Provinces. 



MUHAMMAD MUNAWWAR ALI, Khdn Bahddur, Prince of Ar cot. 

Born 1859 ; succeeded the late Amir-i-Arcot (Prince of Arcot) in 1889, 
and ranks as the first noble of the Carnatic. Is the representative of the 
former Musalmdn dynasty of the Nawabs of the Carnatic, descendants of the 
famous Anwar-ud-din, who was created Nawdb of the Carnatic by the Nizam 
of the Deccan. His son was the Nawab Muhammad Ali Khdn, Walajdh 
Nawab of the Carnatic, who was supported on the masnad of Arcot by the 
exploits of Clive against the French under Dupleix. His grandson was the 
Nawdb Azim-ud-daula, titular Nawdb of the Carnatic, whose son was His late 
Highness Prince Azim Jah, first Prince of Arcot, who was granted the latter 
title by Her Majesty's letters patent, dated and August 1870. He was 
succeeded by His late Highness Zahir-ud-dauld, second Prince of Arcot, 
whose full titles, according to local usage, may here be recited — His Highness 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 347 

Azim Jah Umdat-ul-Umara, Amir-ul-Umara, Sirdj-ul-Umara, Madar-ul-Mulk, 
Umdat-ul-Mulk, Azim-ud-daula, Asad-ud-daula-al-Ingliz Zahir-ud-daula, 
Muhammad Ali Khan, Muhammad Badi-ullah Khdn Bahadur, Zulfikar 
Jang, Fitrat Jang, Sipahsalar, Prince of Arcot. The present Prince of Arcot 
is the son of Muazzaz-ud daula Khan Bahadur, and grandson of His late 
Highness Azim Jah, first Prince of Arcot. He was granted the title of Khan 
Bahadur, 3rd March 1876, and succeeded as Prince of Arcot in 1889. His 
son and heir is named Muhammad Ali, born 1882. 
Residence. — Amir-Mahdl, Madras. 



MUHAMMAD NABI, Khdn Saheb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Calcutta. 



MUHAMMAD NAIYIM, MAULVI, Shams-ul-Ulama. , 

Born 20th November 1834. This title is personal, and was conferred 
on 1 6th February 1887, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her 
Most Gracious Majesty, for eminence in oriental learning. It entitles him 
to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular Nawdbs. Belongs to the 
family of Khwaja Abu Ismail AbduUa, Anseri, known as the Khwaja Pir of 
Herat. The family was held in great esteem and respect by the Mughal 
Emperors of Delhi. 

Residence. — Lucknow, Oudh. 



MUHAMMAD NAJAP KHAN walad IMAM BAKHSH 
KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Shikirpur, Sind. 

MUHAMMAD NAKI ALI, Rafi-us-Shan, Mirza Bahddur. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of the only surviving son 
of His late Majesty Muhammad Ali Shah, third King of Oudh. The Mirza 
Bahadur has three sons, all bearing the title of Mirza Bahadur, Muhammad 
Askari, Muhammad Kasim Ali, and Muhammad Ali {see under each of their 
names). 

Residence. — Oudh. 

MUHAMMAD NAKIALI DILAWAR JAH, MIRZA BAHADUR, 

Prince. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of the seventeenth son of 
the late King of Oudh. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 



348 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



MUHAMMAD NAKI KHAN, SAYYID, Muazziz-ud-dauld, 
Ihtisham-ul-Mulk, Bahddur, Ahsan Jang. 

The title is personal; it was originally conferred by His late Majesty 
Wajid Ali Shah, King of Oudh, in 1849, ^.nd was recognised by the British 
Government in 1877. The Sayyid is the son of the late Mirza Abul Kasim 
Khdn, and married the daughter of His late Majesty Amjad Ali Shdh, fourth 
King of Oudh. 

Residence. — Lucknow, Oudh. 



MUHAMMAD NIZAM-UD-DIN, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1840. The title is personal, and was conferred on 8th October 
1875, in recognition of his position as son-in-law of His late Highness Zahir- 
ud-daula, the second of the titular Princes of Arcot. 

Residence.— M.zAx3.%. 



MUHAMMAD RABNAWAZ KHAN, ALIZAI, Nawdb. 
The title is hereditary. The father of the present Nawdb was the Nawab 
Faujdir Khdn, who rendered good services during the Multan Campaign of 
1848 under Lieutenant (subsequently Sir Herbert) Edwardes. For these 
services he received the title of Khan Bahddur, as a personal distinction, and 
a valuable j'dgir. He also rendered good service during the Sheordni and 
Kasrdni expeditions. In 1854 he was deputed as Envoy to the Court of 
Kdbul; and in 1856, after the conclusion of the treaty with the Amir of 
Kabul, Lord Dalhousie conferred on him the personal title of Nawdb. In 
1857 the Nawdb went to Kdbul again, where he remained till March 1859. 
He received various further honours and rewards for his remarkable services ; 
and in 1875 '^£ t't'e of Nawdb was made hereditary, and all his jdgirs were 
made perpetual /ii^zVj'. He died in 1875, and was succeeded by his son, 
the present Nawdb. The Nawdb Muhammad Rabnawdz Khan has three 
sons — Mahmud Khdn, born 1857; Aladdd Khdn, born 1862; Hakddd 
Khdn, born 1876. 

Residejice. — Dera Ismail Khdn, Punjab. 



MUHAMMAD RAHMAT-ULLA, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1862. The title is personal, and was conferred on 8th October 
1875, in recognition of his position as son of His late Highness Zahir-ud- 
daula, the second of the titular Princes of Arcot. 

Residence. — M adras. 



MUHAMMAD RASHID-UD-DIN KHAN (of Delhi), Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 

Residence. — Karauli, Rdjputdna. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 349 



RAUSHAN ALI, Khdn Bahddur, Firoz Jang. 

The title is personal ; it was originally conferred by the Nawab of the 
Carnatic, and recognised on i6th December 1890. 
Residence. — Madras. 

MUHAMMAD RBZA ALI SULTAN, MIRZA BAHADUR, Prince. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of the thirteenth son of His 
late Majesty the King of Oudh. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 



MUHAMMAD SADIK, MUNSHI, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 13th July 1833. Belongs to a Kamboh (Musalman) family, claim- 
ing descent from the Nawab Asad Khdn, who settled at Meerut three 
centuries ago, and was Wazir in the time of the Mughal Emperors. His 
father, Haji Muhammad Mumtaz Ali Khan, served the Government as a 
Tahsildar and Honorary Magistrate. He has been a Deputy-Magistrate in 
the Irrigation Department. Received a sanad in Darbar from Lord Canning, 
and a khilat for loyal services during the Mutiny of 1857 ; also a Certificate 
of Honour at the Imperial Assemblage of Delhi on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India; and the title of Khan Bahddur on i6th February 1887, on the occa- 
sion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. 

Residence. — Meerut, North- Western Provinces. 



MUHAMMAD SADIK ALI KHAN, Nawdb Bahddur. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of a grandson of His late 
Majesty Muhammad Ali Shah, third King of Oudh. The Nawab Bahadur's 
father was the Nawab Muazzam-ud-daula, who married a daughter of that 
monarch. 

Residence. — Lucknow, Oudh. 



MUHAMMAD SALAMAT KHAN, Rdjd. 

Born 1835. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a family descended 
from Chandra Singh, Gautam, of Mehnagar in Nizamabad. He had two 
sons, Sagar and Abhiman. The latter became a Muhammadan and an 
eunuch ; took the name of Daulat, entered the Imperial service of Delhi, 
rose to be Wazir of the Household, and in 16 12 a.d. was appointed Faujdar 
of Jaunpur. His nephew Harbans, son of Sagar, assumed the title of Raja. 
The grandson of Harbans, named Bikramajit, married a Muhammadan 
wife, and had two sons, named Azam and Azmat. Azam founded the town 
of Azamgarh in 1665, and built the fort there, which became the residence of 
the family. Azmat was killed by the Imperial troops about 1688 for failure 
to pay revenue, and was succeeded by his two sons in turn, Ikram and 
Mahdbat. The latter was imprisoned by the Nawab Vazir for refusing to pay 



350 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

revenue, and died in confinement about the year 1731. His son Iradat, 
alias Akbar Shih, was succeeded in 1756 by his son, Jahan Khdn, who was 
slain in 1 7 6 1 in a quarrel with the NawAb Vazir's agent. After the defeat 
of the Nawab Vazir by the British forces at Baksar, a cousin of Jahan Khdn, 
named Azam Khan, established himself in the Rij, and retained it till his 
death in 177 1. His widow adopted a son named Nadir Khan, who appears 
to have been a claimant of the Rij. He died in 1826, and was succeeded 
as claimant by his eldest son, Mubarak. The latter died in 1858, and was 
succeeded by his son, the present Raja, whose claim to the Rdj was at last 
allowed by the Government in 1866. The Raja is an Honorary Magistrate. 
His heir-presumptive is his brother, Bdbu Muhammad Khalik Khan, born in 
February 1849. 

Residence. — Azamgarh, North-Western Provinces. 



MUHAMMAD SALAM-ULLA KHAN, Khdn Bahadur, Nawdb. 

Born 9th February 1859. The title of Khan Bahadur was conferred on 
ist June 1888, and that of Nawab on 29th May 1891, as personal distinc- 
tions, in recognition of his services and those of his family to the Govern- 
ment. Belongs to a Shirani Pathdn family of Dewilghdt, Buldana district, 
Berar. His grandfather, Muhammad Rahim Khan, received a jd^r for his 
services rendered to General Sir Arthur Wellesley (afterwards Duke of 
Wellington) in the campaign of Assai (Assaye), 1803 a.d. Muhammad 
Rahim Khan's son was Muhammad Bismillah Khan, father of the present 
Nawab, who is tht jdgirddr and Magistrate of Dewilghat. The Nawab has 
two sons — Muhammad Nur-ulla Khan and Muhammad Aziz-ulla Khan ; and 
three daughters, Mohr-un-Nisa, Budr-un-Nisa, and Shams-un-Nisa, 

Residence. — Dewilghdt, Bulddna, Berar. 



MUHAMMAD SAMI-ULLAH KHAN, C.M.G. 

Has been created a Companion of the Most Distinguished Order of St. 
Michael and St. George. 
Residence. — ■ 



MUHAMMAD SAYYID BAKHT alias PIYARI SAHBB, Mirza. 

The title is personal, as the courtesy title of one of the great-grandsons of 
the Prince Mirza Jahinddr Shd,h, the heir-apparent of the Emperor Shah Alam, 
the last independent Mughal Emperor of Delhi. The Prince, having incurred 
the displeasure of his father the Emperor, fled from Delhi to Lucknow. 
Subsequently, in 1788 a.d., he removed to Benares, to reside under the pro- 
tection of the British Government. There the Palace on the river-side, 
called the Shiwila, was given by Mr. Duncan, the British Resident, as a 
residence for the Prince; and the family have lived there ever since as 
political pensioners. One of the Prince's grandsons, Mirza Mahmud Jan, 
was the father of Mirza Muhammad Sayyid Bakht. 

Residence. — Benares, North-Western Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 351 



SHAH SAYYID, SUBAHDAR, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty, for dis- 
tinguished services as an officer of the 20th Bengal Infantry. 

Residence. — 20th Bengal Infantry. 

MUHAMMAD SHAMS-UD-DIN HAIDAR, Mirza Bahddur. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of a grandson of His late 
Majesty Amjad Ali Shah, fourth King of Oudh. The Mirza Bahadur's 
father was the Mirza Mustafa Ali Haidar, son of that monarch. 

Residence. — Oudh. 

MUHAMMAD SIBGHAT-ULLA, Nigarish KMn Bahddur Ihtisham 
Jang Ihiisham-ud-dauld. 

The title is personal ; it was conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic, and 
recognised on i6th December 1890. 
Residence. — Madras. 

MUHAMMAD SIDDIK HUSAIN, Khdn. 

The title is personal ; it was conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic, and 
recognised by Government on i6th December 1890. 
Residettce. — M adras. 

MUHAMMAD TAKI ALI, Mirza. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of a grandson of His late 
Majesty Amjad Ali Shah, fourth King of Oudh. The Mirza's father is the 
Mirza Muhammad Hasan Ali Bahadur, Sulaiman Kadr {g.v.), the only surviving 
son of that monarch. 

Residence. — Oudh. 

MUHAMMAD TAKI KHAN, MIRZA, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Kandahar. 

MUHAMMAD USMAN KHAN, KHAN KHBL, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title was conferred on 9th March 1881, as a personal distinction. 
Residence. — Kohat, Punjab. 

MUHAMMAD YUSUP, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title was conferred on 6th June 1885, as a personal distinction, in 
recognition of his position as an eminent member of the Bar of the Calcutta 
High Court. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 



352 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



MUHAMMAD ZAPAR KHAN, KHATTAK (of Teri), 
KMn Bahadur. 

The title was conferred on 24th May 1881, as a personal distinction, in 
recognition of his position and services as one of the Chiefs of the Teri 
Khattak sept of the Akbar Khel clan of Pathdns. Is the son of the late 
Khwdja Sir Muhammad Khan, Khattak, K.C.S.I., of Teri, who died i8th 
November 1889. Is descended from the head of the Western branch of 
the Khattaks, who asserted his independence of the Khan of the Eastern 
Khattaks, and assumed the title of Khan in 1780 a.d. The late Nawab 
rendered long and loyal services to the Government, and was rewarded with 
the title of Nawab in 1873, and subsequently was made a Knight Com- 
mander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. 

Residence. — Kohat, Punjab. 

MUHAMMAD ZAKIR ALI, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal ; it was originally conferred by the Nawdb of the 
Carnatic, and recognised on i6th December 1890. 
Residence. — Madras. 

MUHAMMADGARH, NAWAB HAPIZ KULI KHAN, Nawdb of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born ist October 1830; succeeded to the gadi i8th January 1848. 
Belongs to an Afghan (Muhammadan) family, descended from Dalel Khdn, 
founder of the State of Kurwai (?.».), of which the Muhammadgarh State is 
an offshoot. The Nawab's eldest son bears the title of Mian, and is called 
Mian Hatam Kuli Khan. The area of the State is 27 square miles; its 
population is about 5300, chiefly Hindus, but including about 900 Muham- 
madans. 

Residence. — Muhammadgarh, Bhopdl, Central India. 

MUHI-UD-DIN SHARIF, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1878. 
Residence. — Madras. 

MUKUND BALKRISHAN BUTI, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Nagpur, Central Provinces. 

MUKUND DEB (of Khurdah), Rdjd 
The tide is personal, and was conferred on 29th March 1884. The 
Rdjd is the present representative of the ancient Gangavansa dynasty of 
Kings of Orissa. 

Residence. — Puri, Bengal. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 353 



MUKUND RAM CHANDAR, Rao Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1878. 
Residence. — B ombay . 

MUKUNDRAI MANIRAI, Rao Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 9th June 1884. 
Residence. — Sural, Bombay. 

MULCHAND SONI, Rao Bahadur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th January 1882. 
Residence. — Ajmir. 

MULI, PARMAR SARTANSINGHJI RAMABHAI, Thdkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born i2th April 1834; succeeded to the ^a;/? 29th June 1870. Belongs 
to a family claiming descent from the great Pramara (Parmar) clan of Rajputs, 
the Thakur being, it is said, the only Pramara Chief in Western India, and 
almost the only surviving Chief of that great clan. The Pramaras were one 
of the four divisions of the Agnikulas, or " Sons of Fire," of the heroic ages 
in India — the other three being the Solanki, the Chauhan, and the Purihara. 
Tod says of them in his learned Annals of Rdjdsthdn : " Though the Pra- 
mara family never equalled in wealth the famed Solanki princes of Anhilwara, 
or shone with such lustre as the Chauhan [of Ajmir and Delhi], it attained a 
wider range and an earlier consolidation of power than either." The great 
Chandragupta, the Sandracottus of the Greeks, was probably a Pramara 
Rajput, and the last Pramara King of Chitor was conquered by the Gehlots, 
probably in 714 a.d. The Thakur is known in Kathidwar by the title of 
" Parmar Shri." The area of his State is 133 square miles; its population 
is 19,832, chiefly Hindus. He maintains a military force of 79 cavalry and 
230 infantry. 

Residence. — Muli, Kdthidw&, Bombay. 



MULTHAN, THAKUR DALPAT SINGH, Tkdkur of 
A Ruling Chief. 

Bom 1838; succeeded to \h& gadi as a minor in 1849. The Thakur 
belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. The population of his State is about 
9000, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Multhdn, Bhopdwar, Central India. 

2 A 



3S4 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



MUMTAZ ALI KHAN (of Bilaspur, Atraula), RdjA. 

Born 6th October 1865. The title is hereditary; the original title of 
Malik was exchanged for that of Raja by Adam Khan about the year 1650, 
and the latter title was recognised by the British Government as hereditary 
in 1879. Belongs to a very ancient Pathan family, claiming descent from 
Khalid, son of Wahd, the uncle of the Prophet. Its founder in Atraula was 
Ali Khan of Manota, in the district of Muzaffarnagar. He accompanied the 
Emperor Humayun in his expedition to Gujarat, where he incurred the 
Emperor's displeasure by conniving at the escape of the Raja of Bikanir from 
a beleaguered fort. Threatened with death, he openly rebelled, and joined 
the old Afghin party of Sher Shah, by whom Humd,yun was for a time 
driven into exile. Ali Khan then seized the Raj of Nagar in Basti ; from 
which, after ten years, he was driven by a rising of the Hindus under the 
son of the former Raja. He then encamped before Atraula ; and after two 
years' siege he slew the Rajput Prince of that place, and in the year 1552 
established the Raj, which is still held by his descendants. He refused to 
submit to the restored Emperor Humayun, or to his son, Akbar the Great. 
But in 1571 his only son, Shekhan Khan, tendered his submission to Akbar's 
Viceroy in Oudh, and promised to bring in his father's head if he were 
furnished with a sufficient number of troops. The unnatural battle was 
fought at Sarai in ParganA Saadullanagar ; the son was victorious, and kept 
his word by having his father's head cut off and embalmed, and he presented 
it in person at Delhi, where it was placed as a trophy on the Ajmir Gate. 
As his reward he received the title of Shri Khan Azam Masnad Ali, which is 
still used in their signatures by the chieftains of this family. Shekhan Khan 
was allowed to return to Atraula with his father's head and a grant of the 
Zaminddri ; he raised a handsome tomb over the remains of his parent, and 
ruled in Atraula for twenty years. His son, Daud Khan, engaged in a feud 
with the Janwar Raja of Bhinga (^.w.) ; and it is said that he was such a 
powerful archer that an arrow shot by him into the gateway of the Bhinga 
fort was so deeply buried that it was never extracted till the time of the 
Mutiny of 1857, when it was dug out by Mendu Khan, a General of the 
rebellious Begam of Oudh. Daud Khan's son, Adam Khan, was the first 
Chief of the family to exchange the title of Malik for that of Raja. His 
descendants in later generations have been engaged in frequent bloody feuds 
with their neighbours, the Rajas of Balrampur (^.w.) and Bansi. The late 
Raja, Umrao Khan, who died in 1858, had been engaged for many years in 
a desultory border warfare with the Chief of Balrampur, before the estabUsh- 
ment of the British rule in Oudh. His son, who succeeded as a minor, was 
induced to join the rebels, and the rebel Begam of Oudh promised him a 
share of the possessions of the loyal Chief of Balrampur. He died, however, 
in 1865, leaving no male issue; but the present Raja was born as a posthu- 
mous son on 6th October of that year. The Government decided that he 
should succeed to his father's estates, which were under the management of 
the Court of Wards from 1865 to 1886. The Raja has married a daughter 
of the Raja Jang Bahadur Khan of Nanpara {q.v) 

Residence. — Atraula, Gonda, Oudh. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 355 



MUNNA LAL, Rat. 
The title is personal, and was recognised in 1886. 
Residence. — Ludhiina, Punjab. 



MUNNA LAL, SBTH, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Mandla, Central Provinces. 



MURAD ALI (of Malir), Jdm. 

Born October 1857. The title is hereditary; the present Jam succeeded 
as a minor in September 1866. The Jam is the Chief of the Jokia clan of 
Baluchis. 

Residence. — Karachi, Sind. 



MUEAD ALI KHAN walad GHULAM MURTAZA KHAN, 

Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being the representative of one of the 
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation {see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 



MURDHAN SAH (of Barha), Rdjd. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Narsinghpur, Central Provinces. 



MURID AHMAD KHAN walad NASIR KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being the representative of one of the 
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation {see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Shikirpur, Sind. 



MURID ALI, KAZI, Khan Bahddur. 

Born 7th January i8jo. The title is personal; and was conferred on 
i6th April 1869. His great-grandfather, Muhammad Harun, came from 
Herat and settled in Hala, Sind, at the time when Jam Sams was ruler of 
Sind. His father was Muhammad Hayat. The Khan Bahadur has a son, 
named Muhammad Arif. 

Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 



356 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



MURID HAIDAR KHAN walad IMAM BAKHSH KHAN, 

Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being the representative of one of the 
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation {see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Shikirpur, Sind. 

MURID KHAN, Mulk or Malik. 

Born about the year 185 1. The title is hereditary; the Malik has 
sanads of the Emperors Aurangzeb and Muhammad Shdh in which this title 
is used. Is the Chief of the Kalmati clan, which is a branch of the Rind 
Baluchis. 

Residence. — Karachi, Sind. 

MURLI MANOHAR, Rai Bahddur. 

Born 182 1. The title is personal, and was conferred on 1 6th August 
1882, for services rendered to Government during the Mutiny and in the 
Bhutdn war. Belongs to a Kshatriya family. Is an Honorary Magistrate. 

Residence. — Lucknow, Oudh. 

MURSAN, Rdjd of. See Ghansham Singh. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



357 




MURSHIDABAD, NAWAB SIR SAYYID HASAN ALI KHAN 
BAHADUR, G.G.I.B., Nawdb Bahddur of. 

Born 2Sth August 1846. The Nawab Bahadur's full titles are — 
Ihtisham-ul-Mulk, Rais-ud-Daula, Amir-ul-Umara, Nawib Sir Sayyid Hussain 

Ali Khan Bahadur, Muhabat Jang, 
G.C.I.E., Nawab Bahadur of Murshi- 
dabad. Is the eldest son of the late 
Muntazim - ul - Mulk, Mohsin - ud - Daula, 
Faridun Jah, Nawab Sayyid Mansur 
Ali Khdn Bahddur, Nussat Jang, last 
titular Nawab Nazim and Subahddr of 
Bengal, Behar, and Orissa. The late 
Nawab Nazim resigned his position and 
titles on ist November 1880. His 
eldest son, the present Nawab, received 
the hereditary title of Nawab Bahadur 
of Murshidabad by a sanad, dated 1 7th 
February 1882. In February 1887 
he received the dignity of Knight Com- 
mander of the Most Eminent Order 
of the Indian Empire ; and was promoted to be a Knight Grand Commander 
of the same Most Eminent Order in May 1890. In May 1887 he was 
granted the khilat or style of Ihtisham-ul-Mulk, Rais-ud-DauM, Amir-ul- 
Umara, Nawab Sir Sayyid Hasan Ali Khan Bahddur, Muhabat Jang. On 
1 2th March 1891, by an Indenture entered into between the Secretary of 
State for India in Council and himself, the Nawab Bahadur confirmed the 
act of his father of ist November 1880; and received in return a fixed 
hereditary position, with a settled income, and with the family estates in the 
districts of Murshidabad, Calcutta, Midnapur, Dacca, Maldah, Purneah, 
Patna, Rangpur, Hughli, Rajshahi, Birbhura, and the Santal - Parganas 
attached to the title of Nawdb Bahadur in tail male. This arrangement was 
confirmed and validated by the Council of His Excellency the Viceroy and 
Governor-General, by Act XV. of 1891, passed on 21st March 1891. 
This arrangement confirmed to the Nawdb Bahadur the rank and dignity of 
Premier Noble of the Provinces under the Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal, 
with the hereditary title, in addition to that of Nawdb Bahadur of Murshi- 
dabad, of Amir-ul-Umara. 

The Nawdb Bahadur has five sons — (i) Asaf Kadr Sayyid Wasif Ali 
Mirza, born 7th January 1875 ; (2) Iskandar Kadr Sayyid Nasir Ali Mirza, 
born isth March 1876 ; (3) Sayyid Asaf Ali Mirza, born 26th April 1881 ; 
(4) Sayyid Ydkub Ali Mirza, born 9th June 1883; (5) Sayyid Mohsin Ali 
Mirza, born i8th November 1885. The family arms adopted by the Nawdb 
are — argent, a dolphin proper above a cheval regardant, also proper. Below 
the shield the monogram N.B.M. The supporters are the lion and the 
unicorn. The crest is a Zulfikdr (sword of the Khalif Ali) proper. The 
motto is "Nil Desperandum." 

The Nawdb Bahddur is descended both from the Prophet and also 
from Ali, the cousin and successor of the Prophet, who was married to 
Fatima, the Prophet's daughter. Hasan, eldest son of Ali, left a son. 



358 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

Hasan Massanna, who married Fatima Soghra, daughter of Hussain Ali's 
youngest son. One branch of the descendants of this marriage has held for 
several centuries, and still holds, the office of Grand Sharif of Mecca. A 
grandson of Hasan Massanna and Fatima Soghra was called Ibrahim Taha- 
Tahaie ("the pure," "the unsullied"); and from this Ibrahim are derived 
the Murshidabad family. His descendants were for some time rulers of the 
province of Yemen in Arabia. Subsequently a descendant, Sayyid Husain 
Najafi, was key-holder to the tomb of Ali at Najaf; and his grandson 
was Mir Jafar, who became, on the fall of Nawdb Surdj-ud-Dauli, Nawdb 
Nazim of Bengal, Behar, and Orissa. The grandfather of Mir Jafar had 
married a niece of the Emperor Aurangzeb. One of his uncles, Najafi Khdn, 
was Governor of the fortress of Gwalior; and another, Najaf Khan, was 
Subahddr of Cuttack. Mir Jd,far himself was at first Commander-in-Chief to 
the Nawab Nazim Ali Vardi Khan, whose sister, the Nawdb Shah Khdnum, 
he married. The Nawab Ali Vardi Khan became Subahdar in 1 740, and was 
succeeded by his grandson Nawdb Suraj-ud-Daula in 1756. He was suc- 
ceeded by Mir Jafar, brother-in-law of Ali Vardi Khan, after the victory at 
Plassey in 1757. In 1760 he was set aside for a short time in favour of his 
son-in-law, Mir Kasim ; but again came into power after a few months, and 
continued on the Masnad till 1765, when he was succeeded by his son, 
Najm-ud-Dauld. Mir Najm was succeeded in 1766 by his brother, Nawab 
Saif-ud-Daula, and he by another brother, Mubarak-ud-Dauld, a minor son of 
Mir Jafar,. in 1770. Mubarak-ud-Dauld was succeeded by his son, Nasir-ul- 
Mulk, in 1793, and this Nawab by his son, Ali Jah, in 1810. Ali Jah was 
followed by his brother, Wala Jah, in 1821 ; and Wala Jah by his son, 
Humayun Jdh, in 1825. This Prince was succeeded in 1838 by his son, 
the late Faridun Jah Sayyid Mansur Ali, the father of the present Nawdb, 
who was the last Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Behar, and Orissa. The grandfather 
of the present Nawab Bahddur received from His Majesty King William IV. 
a full-length portrait of His Majesty in original, and the dignity of the Grand 
Cross of the Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order with the Insignia. The 
portrait of His Majesty is one of the chief ornaments at the Palace at 
Murshidabad. 

Residence. — The Palace, Murshidabad, Bengal. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA- 359 



MURTAZA HUSAIN (of BhHwal). See Mustafa Husain. 



MUSA, ALI RAJA, SULTAN (of Cannanore), Rdjd. 

Born 1830. The title is hereditary, the Raja of Cannanore being the 
representative of the old Moplah Ali Rajas or Sea-Kings of Malabar and the 
adjacent islands. Belongs to a Moplah (Muhammadan) family, said to have 
been founded by Mamali Kidavu, a Musalmdn Minister of the Kolathiri 
Raja of Malabar, who was appointed the " Ali Raja " — or Sea- King of the 
Laccadives and adjacent islands — by the Cherakal Rajd,, who assigned him 
a residence at Cannanore. It is remarkable that the family, though 
Muhammadans, follow the Marumakkatayam law of inheritance general 
among the Hindu Rajas of Malabar, under which the succession is with the 
offspring of its female members, amongst whom the next eldest male is 
always the heir-apparent. The present Sultan Ali Raja succeeded his pre- 
decessor under this law on 15th November 1870. The agreement of 1796, 
by which the family came under British control, was signed by the Bibi, a 
female member of the family. 

Residence. — Malabar, Madras. 



MUSTAFA HUSAIN (of Bhilwal), Chaudhri. 

Born 31st October 1849. The title is hereditary, having been so since 
the time of the Emperor Shah Jahan in 16 16 a.d., and recognised by the 
British Government in 1877. Belongs to a Musalman family whose 
ancestors, Khwaja Bahram and Khwaja Nizam, accompanied the Sayyid 
Salar to Oudh, and settled at Subeha. In 16 r 6 a.d. Shaikh Nasir was 
appointed Chaudhri of Subeha by the Empress Shah Jaham. In 1792 
Chaudhri Imam Bakhsh largely increased the possessions of the family. 
During the earlier period of the Mutiny of 1857 Chaudhri Sarfaraz Ahmad, 
who had succeeded his father-in-law Chaudhri Lutf-uUa, took part in the 
rebellion; but early in 1858 he made his submission, and rendered valu- 
able services by opening communications with other rebel leaders and 
detaching them from the rebel cause. In i860 he was invested with the 
special powers of an Assistant Collector. On his death there was pro- 
tracted litigation as to the succession ; ultimately the estates were divided 
between the widow of Sarfaraz Ahmad, Mussamat Bichan-un-Nisa, and the 
present Chaudhri, who is the younger brother of the late Chaudhri. He 
has a son and heir named Mujtaba Husain, born in 1874. 

Residence. — Subeha, Bara Banki, Oudh. 



MUSTAMID KHAN BAHADUR. See Muhammad Zakir Ali. 

MUTHUSWAMI, C, Rao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890. 
Residence. — M adras. 



36o THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



MUTHUSWAMI AIYAR, T., CLE. 

Born 1832. Created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the 
Indian Empire, 1878, in recognition of his distinguished services in the 
Judicial Service. Was appointed a Deputy Collector in 1859; Principal 
Sadr Amin, 1865 ; Police Magistrate, 1868; Judge of the Court of Small 
Causes, 1871 ; Fellow of the Madras University, 1872 ; Puisne Judge of the 
Madras High Court of Judicature, 1883. Is a B.L. of Madras University. 

Residence. — Madras. 



MUZAPFAR ALI KHAN, SAYYID (of Bahadurnagar), Rdjd. 

Born 1867. The title is hereditary, the Raja being the representative 
of the great and powerful Muhamdi Raj which was founded by Sayyids from 
Kanauj, who settled first at Pihani, and subsequently owned Barwar, 
Bhurwara, and Kheri. This Musalman family is descended from a Sonbansi 
Rajput named Badar Singh, the offspring of a daughter of the Ahbans Chief 
of Badiagaon in Hardoi by a Sonbansi Rajput. The Sayyid Kurram of 
Muhamdi attacked the village of Badiagaon at a time when Badar Singh 
and his brother, as boys, were staying there with their mother as guests of 
their grandfather Dan Singh ; he slew every one in the village except the 
two boys, whom he carried off as prisoners to Aurangabad. Badar 
Singh became a convert to Islam under the name of Ibad-uUa Khdn, 
married the daughter of the Sayyid Kurram, and in 1734 ousted his brothers- 
in-law and seized the great Muhamdi Raj. Ibad-ulla Khan was succeeded by 
his son Mahbub Ali in 1737, having received the titles of Raja and Khan from 
the Emperor of Delhi in 1730. The family went through many vicissitudes. 
In 1837 Raja Aman Ali Khan on his death was succeeded by his son, 
Rija Ashraf Ali, and in 1864 his title of Raja was recognised as hereditary 
by the British Government. He was succeeded in 1867 by his son, Rdjd 
Musharraf Ali Khan, who died in 1881, and was followed by his son the 
present Rdjd, as a minor. Educated at the Benares Wards' Institute and 
Aligarh College. Married to a daughter of the Rajd of Nanpara. His heir- 
presumptive is his step-brother, Ashfak Ali Khan. 
Residence. — Muhamdi, Kheri, Oudh. 



MUZAPFAR BAKHT, Mirza. 

The title is personal, as the courtesy title of one of the great-grandsons 
of the Prince Mirza Jahandar Shah, the heir-apparent of the" Emperor Shah 
Alam, the last independent Mughal Emperor of Delhi. For the family 
history, see the account under the heading "Muhammad Sayyid Bakht, 
Mirza." The Mirza Muzaffar Bakht is a first cousin of Mirza Muhammad 
Sayyid Bakht, being the elder son of Zafar Bakht, who was the brother of 
Mahmud Jan. 

Residence. — Benares, North- Western Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 361 



MUZAPPAR HUSAIN KHAN watad IMAM BAKHSH 
KHAN, Mir. 
The title is hereditary, the Mir being the representative of one of the Mirs 
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation {see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

MUZAPPAR KHAN, CLE. 

Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire for distinguished military services. Holds the rank of Risaldar- 
Major in Her Majesty's Army. 

Residence. — 



MYAT PIT, MAUNG, Ahmudan gaung Tazeik-ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1889. It means 
" Recipient of the Medal of Honour," and is indicated by the letters A.T.M. 
after the name. 

Residence. — Tharrawadi, Burma. 



MYAT TUN AUNG, MAUNG, Thuye-gaung Ngweda ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. It means 
" Recipient of the Silver Sword for Bravery," and is indicated by the letters 
T.D.M. after the name. 

Residence. — Chindwin, Burma. 

MYLLIEM, Seim of. See Malliem. 

MYO, MAUNG, Ahmudan gaung Tazeik-ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890. It means 
" Recipient of the Medal of Honour," and is indicated by the letters A.T.M. 
after the name. 

Residence. — Rangoon, Burma. 



362 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 




MYSORE, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAJA SIR CHAMA 
RAJBNDRA "WADIAR BAHADUR, G.C.S.I., Mahdrdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief, and one of the Premier Princes of the Empire. 

Born 22nd February 1863; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 23rd 
September 1868. Belongs to a Rdjput (Kshatriya Hindu) family, whose 

ancestors came to the south in 
very early times from Dwdrka 



in Kathiawar. Of these, two 
brothers, named Vijayaraj and 
Krishnaraj, appear to have settled 
in the Ashtagram division of the 
Mysore dominions towards the 
close of the 1 4th century ; and 
one of them married the daughter 
of the local palegdr or Baron of 
the village of Hadanaru, and by 
this means established his rule 
in those parts. One of his 
descendants, named Yedu Raya, 
ruled over Mysore from 1399 
A.D. to 1422, and was then suc- 
ceeded by his son. Here Bettud Chamraj. The grandson of the latter was 
a Rajd, named Here (or Arberal) Chamraj — arberal meaning six-fingered, in 
allusion to a physical peculiarity ; and the six-fingered Raja's son was Here 
Bettud Chamraj II., in whose time the fort of Mysore was built on the site 
of a village formerly called Puragere, and was given the name of Mahesh-uru, 
Buffalo-town, from Mahesh-asura, the buffalo-headed demon destroyed by the 
goddess Kali. 

These Rajas were called Wadidrs or Wodeydrs of Mysore — Wodeydr 
being a plural or honorific form of Odeya, Kanarese for " lord." 

Here Bettud Chamraj was succeeded by his two sons in turn. The 
younger, B0I6 Chamraj, is said to have been named Bol'e, or The Bald, 
because he had been made bald by a stroke of lightning. His grandson. 
Raj Wadiar, ninth Raja of Mysore, was the greatest and most successful of 
all these early Wadiars. He reigned from 1578 to 1616; and in the year 
i6og-io he seized the strong fortress of Seringapatam, formerly held by a 
lieutenant of the Kings of Vijayanagar. The great Hindu kingdom of 
Vijayanagar on the Tungabhadra had previously, in 1588, been subverted 
by the alliance of the Muhammadan Chiefs of the Deccan, and the descend- 
ants of the Vijayanagar dynasty had taken refuge at Penuakonda, where the 
family ultimately became extinct ; so that Rdj Wadidr of Mysore and his 
descendants, having obtained possession of the important strategical position 
of Seringapatam, rapidly increased their power and extended their dominions. 
This process of aggrandisement continued down to the time of the Rdjd 
Dodda Krishnardj, who reigned from 17 13 to 1730. His adopted son was 
Hadinente Tingal Chamraj, who died in 1733, and was succeeded by his 
adopted son, Chikka Krishnardj — Chikka means " Junior," or " The Less." 
The long reign of Chikka Krishnarij, from 1734 to 1765, was hardly more 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 363 

than nominal, for during this period the famous Muhammadan Haidar AH 
rose to power, and ultimately became the sovereign of Mysore, retaining the 
Maharaja as a puppet-prince. Haidar's splendid military powers, and those 
of his even more famous son, Tippu Sultan, immensely increased the Mysore 
dominions, and made the State the greatest in Southern India, and its rulers 
the most formidable potentates in the whole country. Of the Maharaja 
Chikka Krishnardj's two sons, who nominally succeeded him, one was 
strangled by orders of the Sultan, and the other died childless. Haidar 
then, in order to retain the shadow of a Hindu dynasty, permitted the third 
wife of Chikka Krishnaraj to adopt a young kinsman named Chamraj. Not 
long before the fall of Tippu and the conquest of Seringapatam by the 
British in 1799, Chamraj had died in captivity; and when the British 
Government resolved that Mysore should revert to the control of the family 
of its ancient rulers, an infant son of Chamraj, by name Kjishnaraj, was 
placed on the gadi. During the minority of the Maharaja Krishnaraj, from 
1799 to 181 o, the State was successfully administered by a Diwan or Prime 
Minister, the famous Purnaiya, a Brahman statesman of great ability. The 
affairs of the State, however, fell into disorder after the retirement of 
Purnaiya ; and the misgovernment of the Maharaja Krishnaraj terminated by 
the British Government assuming the direct administration of the country in 
1 83 1, retaining the Maharaja as the titular sovereign. On the i8th June 
1865 the late Maharaja adopted as his son and successor the young prince, 
now the Mahdraja Chama Rajendra Wadiar, who was the third son of 
Chikka Krishna Arasu, a scion of the Bettada Kote branch of the royal 
house. The adoption was sanctioned by the Government of India in April 
1867; and on the death of the Maharaja Krishnaraj in 1868 the present 
Maharaja was duly installed in his place as titular sovereign. The young 
Maharaji proved himself in every way so deserving of the position that in 
1 88 1 it was resolved that the sovereign power should be restored to the 
sovereign title : and on the 25th March in that year the "Rendition" — the 
term has become historical — was carried out by the installation of the 
Maharaja as a Ruling Chief, when the British Chief Commissioner handed 
over his office to the Diwan or Prime Minister of His Highness. 

The subsequent history of the Maharaja's rule has abundantly justified 
the " Rendition." The good administration of the country, which had been 
firmly established under the rule of Sir Mark Cubbon and his successors as 
Chief Commissioners of Mysore, has been maintained and improved. Not- 
withstanding that the State has been devastated by one of the most terrible 
famines ever known— that of 1877-78 — and by several very serious droughts, 
its general advance in prosperity under the Maharaja's rule has been marvel- 
lous. His Highness has had the advantage of being assisted by several 
Indian statesmen of the first rank and the highest abilities ; the place of the 
late Diwan, Mr. Rangacharlu — who was himself an administrator of no mean 
power — having been taken, very fortunately, by His Excellency the present 
Prime Minister, Sir K. Sheshadri Iyer, K.C.S.I. (?.».), by whose aid the 
Maharajd, has attained an administrative success not surpassed in any part 
of the Indian Empire, British as well as feudatory. 

In all the ordinary duties of an Indian Government — in the administra- 
tion of justice, in the collection and expenditure of the revenue, in the pro- 
tection afforded to hfe and property, in pubUc instruction, in sanitation, in 
public works — it is admitted that the Government of the Maharaja can com- 



364 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

pare not unfavourably with that of the Provinces under direct British rule. 
In some highly important respects — in the development of communications, 
in female education, in precautions against famine, in the encouragement of 
mining and other industries, and in the fostering of habits of local self- 
government among the people — it is held by many (and apparently with 
some reason) that the State of Mysore is ahead of most of the rest of India. 
The famous school at Mysore City that is known as " Her Highness the 
Mahar£ni's High-Caste Girls' School " — in which 400 girls belonging to the 
families of highest caste in Mysore receive a liberal education, largely from 
Professors of their own sex and rank in life — undoubtedly represents by far 
the most successful attempt that India has seen to put the ladies of India 
on the same intellectual level with their husbands and brothers. The 
success of the gold-mining of Kolar is perhaps due as much to the wise and 
liberal laws which regulate it as to the richness of the district in the precious 
metal; while the Principality is being opened out in every direction by 
railways under State control or with State encouragement. The expenditure 
on railways in this State in the year 1891 was nearly 3 million rupees. 
In regard to local self-government, the "Representative Assembly of 
Mysore," with which the Diwan every year takes counsel, which was insti- 
tuted some years ago as a body nominated by the Mahdraja, was in 1890 
made elective ; and the Prime Minister, in his Address to the Assembly in 
1 89 1, thus commented on the results of the change : — 

" By command of His Highness the Mahdrijd, I have much pleasure in 
welcoming you to this Assembly, which meets here to-day for the first time under 
the election system sanctioned last year. You come here as the duly elected 
Representatives of the Agricultural, the Industrial, and the Commercial interests 
of the State. Last year, when His Highness was pleased to grant the valued 
privilege of election, he was not without some misgiving as to how the experi- 
ment would succeed ; but it is most gratifying to His Highness that, though 
unused to the system, the electoral body has been able, in the very first year of 
its existence, to exercise the privilege with so much judgment and sense of 
responsibility as to send to this Assembly men in every way qualified to speak 
on their behalf. That men representing the capital, the industry, and the 
intellect of the country should have already taken so much interest in the work- 
ing of the scheme augurs well for the future of the Institution. His Highness 
asks me to take this opportunity publicly to acknowledge the expressions of 
warm gratitude which have reached him from all sides for the privilege of election 
granted last year." 

But it is in its measures for the prevention and the relief of famines that 
the Government of Mysore has earned its best and most enduring laurels, in 
a reputation for prudent and far-sighted philanthropy. Those measures 
were described fairly and minutely by the Prime Minister in his Address to 
the Representative Assembly on the 4th October 1892 in the following 
words : — 

" Before I proceed to take up the various departments of the State, you will 
naturally expect me to say a few words regarding the severe drought through 
which the whole of the Province, with the small exception of our Malnad Taluks, 
has recently passed. In the Maidan parts of the Mysore and Hassan districts 
the south-west monsoon was so scanty and precarious that the early dry crops 
were completely lost, except in a few scattered favourable situations. The 
northern and eastern districts did not get any of the early rains, and had in 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 365 

consequence to defer the preparation of land for cultivation much beyond the 
usual season. A few showers which came later on permitted of the sowing of 
nearly the usual extent of land with the ordinary dry crops in most taluks. 
These soon began to fade from insufficient moisture. The rain which fell 
towards the end of September raised hopes of a favourable change in the season. 
But by November it was evident that the north-east monsoon too had failed, and 
that the general out-turn of dry crops would not be much above a four-anna 
average in most taluks. The tanks had received no water, and wet cultivation 
under them could not be attempted. The failure of fodder was widespread, 
and altogether there was every indication of an impending distress of a very 
aggravated type, and towards the end of November the price of food grains 
began to rise rapidly, owing both to the local failure of crops and to large exports 
to neighbouring Madras districts. In the beginning of December, by command 
of His Highness the Mahdrdjd, I started on a tour through the worst taluks of 
the districts of Mysore, Tumkur, Chitaldroog, KoUr, and Bangalore. My 
immediate object was not only to ascertain by personal observation the actual 
condition of the country and the requirements of the people, but also to organise 
the relief measures required for the different tracts, and chiefly to inspire the 
people with confidence alike in the famine policy of the Government and in the 
method proposed for carrying it out. One of the first things to attract my 
attention was the insufficient supply of food grains at the various local markets. 
It was evident that owners were holding back their stocks, partly in expectation 
of a further rise in price and partly from fear of thefts and robberies, — so fruitful a 
source of waste and loss during the previous famine. I accordingly lost no time 
in arranging for due police protection of grain in transit and at places of storage, 
and for their safe and ready consignment by the railway. Local merchants were 
duly apprised of the preparedness of the Government to meet any local insuffici- 
ency by import of grain from outside the Province, while at the same time the 
prices of food grains obtaining at the several weekly santes or markets in the 
interior were ascertained and regularly published as a stimulus to local trade. 
These measures tended to make prices more uniform and steady throughout the 
Province, and there was heard afterwards no complaint of insufficient supply at 
any local market. Another matter which I found necessary to impress upon 
local officers early in my tour was the need of the greatest economy in the use of 
the available supply of water in tanks. With the object of raising quick-growing 
dry crops likely to yield an early supply of food and fodder, tank-beds which 
were fast becoming dry were ordered to be leased for cultivation on very favour- 
able terms. About 10,500 acres of tank-bed were thus brought under cultivation. 
The crops raised were generally Bengal-gram and jolam. In the Tumkur district, 
where the cultivation was timely and extensive, the aggregate value of the crops 
thus raised is estimated over Rs. 90,000. In the other districts this class of 
cultivation was not nearly so successful. To meet the serious want of fodder 
which was apprehended, all State forests and plantations, as well as a large 
number of Amrut Mahal KSvals, were thrown open for the free use of the raiyats' 
cattle, without any restriction as to the taluks or districts from which they might 
come. The total area of grazing land thus made available to the public was 
1600 square miles, and it is reported to have been used for grazing nearly 
519,000 head of cattle. Raiyats were also further permitted to cut and remove 
tender date-leaves for use as fodder, a privilege which was eagerly availed of in 
most taluks of Tumkur and Chitaldroog. In devising our scheme of Relief 
Works my chief aim was to afford the poorer agriculturists, the landless field 
labourers, the Holiyars, the Mddigars, etc., the means of earning a sufficient 
livelihood near their own homes. It was believed they and their families could 
live upon comparatively small wages if these could be earned near their own 
villages, for in such a case they would be able to return to their homes at the 



366 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

end of each day's work, take care of the infirm and young dependent upon them, 
look after their cattle and other property, and receive from their neighbours any 
additional help they might require. With this object in view, every affected 
taluk was divided into a number of small circles, and for execution within each 
such circle some suitable work or works were selected, so as to leave no inhabited 
village without the means of earning fair wages, within a radius of three or four 
miles. The works thus selected were ' minor tanks,' whether yielding revenue 
or not. The improvement of such tanks was of such vital importance to the 
villagers as a body that there was every guarantee that the grants given for it 
would be properly applied, and some good return shown for the money spent. 
To meet the rare cases in which such minor tanks were not available, as also to' 
provide work near villages after completion of the tanks taken up, a programme 
of works of a supplementary character was got ready. These works were also of 
special local utility, such as improvement of village sanitation, planting of topes 
in villages and round the fringe of the waterspread of the bigger tanks, etc. 
Such, in brief outline, was the scheme of relief upon which His Highness's 
Government chiefly relied. Its execution was entrusted to the hereditary village 
Patel, for it was deemed safer to rely upon the autonomy of the village than 
upon paid agency from outside. A system of periodical inspection and general 
control by the Shekdar and Amildar was established, and wide discretion given 
to district ofiicers as regards the details of execution, with due regard to local 
circumstances. I am able to bear testimony to the fact that the entire Executive, 
from the Patel to the District Officer, showed themselves fully equal to the high 
responsibility thus placed upon them, and that the scheme of relief planned was 
carried out with complete success in every affected part. Besides the regular 
relief works, but under the same agency and serving the same object as those 
works, were the drinking-water wells, for which a total grant of Rs. 1,38,000 
(chiefly from local funds) had been sanctioned. There were in hand 850 such 
wells, principally new wells undertaken wherever most needed, besides a number 
of old wells which required deepening. They were all works of permanent 
utility, but were of special immediate value, owing to the scarcity of good drink- 
ing water which existed in most places. In addition to works under direct 
Government agency, the employment of local labour on private works on a large 
scale was established by the grant of Government loans to landholders for special 
permanent improvement of their lands. The most important of this class of 
works were the irrigation wells under the scheme I described to you last year. 
The working of the scheme in each of the districts of Kolar, Tumkur, Chital- 
droog, and Bangalore was entrusted to a special officer in subordination to the 
Deputy Commissioner, and the distrust which raiyats at first evinced towards a 
new measure of this kind soon gave place to an eager desire to secure the loans. 
The number of applications received was so numerous that the grants had to be 
confined to localities where provision for employment of labour was most needed. 
The loans sanctioned aggregated Rs.2, 80,000 for 917 kapile and 530 yatam 
wells, calculated to irrigate 5252 acres. Another important class of works for 
which Government loans were given was the construction and repair of Saguvali 
kattes. The restriction placed upon the construction and improvement of these 
kattes by an order of 1873 was felt as a great hardship, especially in the Chital- 
droog district, where much of the dry cultivation depends upon the retention flf 
moisture under these kattes. That order was accordingly withdrawn, and 
special encouragement afforded for the construction and improvement of these 
most useful private works by a system of Government loans. During the past 
season loans to the extent of Rs.2 1,1 75 were sanctioned for 251 such works, 
which when completed will benefit 5069 acres. A few loans were granted also 
to enable Inamdars to repair their tanks. Of works referred to above, both 
Government and private, about 2900 were in actual execution in the affected 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 367 

tracts. They had the effect of keeping the people employed near their own 
homes, and their sufficiency for purposes of relief is proved by the fact that 
nearly 2400 of them could not be completed during the past season. We have 
found them far more effective for real relief than large central works under pro- 
fessional agency. Our main anxiety was to avoid the necessity for concentrating 
large numbers upon distant works, for previous experience had shown that in the 
earlier stages of famine the people can never be induced to leave their homes in 
quest of employment on distant works, not because they are not in need of 
employment, but because they are bound to their homes by ties they are unable 
to sever. It is well known that before their cattle are lost, and the weaker 
members have died, and themselves reduced to a famished condition, the people 
do not quit their homes, and when eventually compelled to take this step they 
are so demoralised that they are more likely to wander about aimlessly than to 
settle down on distant works under a strange agency. We had, however, ready 
at hand a programme of D.P.W. Relief Works for possible resort in the event 
of the distress being unusually prolonged. But happily we had no occasion to 
do more in this direction than expand the ordinary Public Works in some of the 
affected tracts. Besides placing the means of earning wages within the ready 
reach of the general population, we adopted several measures for the relief of 
special classes. The most important among them were the weavers, the 
demand for whose manufactures had all but disappeared owing to the high prices 
of grain which prevailed. After much consideration of alternative measures, the 
Government eventually adopted the system of purchase proposed by Mr. Mad- 
hava Rao for the Bangalore district. Under this system the Government made 
advances of money to local Sahukars of standing for purchasing on behalf of 
Government the entire produce of the looms at the market value, to be resold 
when the demand became re-established. The Sahukars were paid a small com- 
mission, and in return they guaranteed the full recoupment of the advances 
made. This system was the means of affording efficient relief to the industrious 
weaving class, always the first to suffer on every occasion of widespread scarcity 
and high prices. It was in operation at Bangalore, Dodballapur, Anekal, Kolar, 
Melkote, Molkalmuru, and other weaving centres. The advances made amounted 
to Rs.85,300, including commission and other charges. A sum of Rs.34,s8o 
has already been recovered by the resale of cloths purchased, and the balance 
is under process of realisation. The final net expenditure is expected to be 
trifling compared with the large numbers relieved. In Bangalore City alone 
the relief thus given extended to 4000 looms with 10,000 weavers. Another 
class for whom special relief was found necessary were the minor village servants 
— the Mddiga, the Toti, the Talavar, etc. The contributions from villagers on 
which they generally subsist cease during every season of a general failure of 
crops. 851 of them, employed in watching Ukkads or Police outposts and 
doing quasi Police duties, were paid a monthly salary of Rs.3 each as a tem- 
porary measure, which has to be continued till the next harvest Others not so 
employed were paid wages as work-overseers, gangmen, etc., on relief works 
under execution. A number of Holeyars and M^digars were given employment 
in the collection of Tangadi bark in the Kolar district, and of bamboos for the 
Government depots in that and the Mysore district. Compensation for dearness 
of gram had to be given to the Silledars, amounting up to the end of June to 
over Rs.8,000. It will probably have to be continued till the next gram harvest. 
A moiety of the Potgi allowances of village officers was ordered to be paid on 
application before the date on which they were payable. With the arrangements 
made for the relief of general and special classes, gratuitous relief was found to be 
unnecessary, except to a very insignificant extent. Further relief was given by 
the remission of one-half of the assessment on all wet lands under tanks which 
lay waste or could only be cultivated with dry crops, and one-half of the quit- 



368 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

rent on all Service Inam lands of the minor village servants, and the Mohatarfa 
house-tax of the poorer landless classes. The total of remissions thus given 
amounts to about four lakhs. Besides this, six lakhs of revenue had to be post- 
poned, and much of this will have to be remitted eventually." 

The area of the State is 24,709 square miles, which is more than double 
the combined area of Switzerland and Saxony. Its population is 4,186,188, 
chiefly Hindus, but including 200,484 Muhammadans and 29,249 Chris- 
tians, which is more than double the population of Norway, and about equal 
to that of Portugal. His Highness the Mahdraja, who was created a 
Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India 
on 23rd May 1884, maintains a military force of 1173 cavalry, 3425 
infantry, and 10 guns, besides an Imperial Service Corps for the special 
service of frontier defence. His Highness has issue several sons and 
daughters ; both Princes and Princesses being highly educated under capable 
instructors, both English and Indian. He is entitled to a salute of 2 1 guns. 

The arms displayed on His Highness's banner, which was unfurled at the 
Imperial Assemblage at Delhi ist January 1877, on the occasion of the 
Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India, were — 

Arms. — Murrey (the Indian Bhagwd), a garur berunda (sacred double- 
headed eagle), displayed argent, beaked and armed or. Crest. — A lion passant, 
carrying an antelope's head, all proper. Supporters. — Satvas {yali), elephant- 
headed tigers, sable, armed and unguled or. 

Residences. — The Palace, Mysore ; The Palace, Bangalore ; Utakamand, etc. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 369 



NABHA, HIS HIGHNESS PARZAND-I-ARJUMAND AKIDAT 
PAIWAND DAULAT-I-INGLISHIA BARAR BANS SAR- 
MUR RAJA SIR HIRA SINGH, MAIWANDAR BAHA- 
DUR, G.C.S.I., Rdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1843; succeeded to the gadi 9th June 1871. Belongs to the 
great Sidhu Jat family, known as the Phulkian family, from its founder 
Phul; which has given ruling families to Patiala, Jind, Nabha, Bhadaur, 
and other Punjab States. The Raja of Nabha is descended from Tiloka, 
the eldest son of Phul ; whose great-grandson, Hamir Singh, founded the 
town of Nabha in 1755 a.d. He joined the Sikh Chiefs in the great battle 
of Sirhind, when Zain Khan, the Muhammadan Viceroy, was slain ; and 
established a mint at Nabha, as a mark of independence. In 1808-9 '^^ 
State came under British control, in the time of Raja Jaswant Singh; 
but his son. Raja Devendra Singh, neglected to furnish supplies to the 
British troops during the first Sikh war in 1845, and was consequently 
deposed, pensioned, and his son. Raja Bharpur Singh, installed in his place. 
During the Mutiny of 1857 Raja Bharpur Singh rendered most valuable 
services, and was rewarded with a large increase of territories. He was 
succeeded by his brother, Raja Bhagwan Singh, who died without issue in 
187 r. By the sanad of sth May i860 it had been provided that if either 
of the three great Phulkian Princes (Patiala, Jind, Nabha) died without 
heirs, a successor to his Raj should be chosen by the other two Chiefs from 
among the descendants of Phul ; consequently, on the death of Raja 
Bhagwan Singh in 187 1, the present Raja, Hira Singh (then a jdgirddr of 
Jind, but a scion of the family of Tiloka), was selected and placed on the 
gadi. He has been created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most 
Exalted Order of the Star of India, and granted the privilege of adoption. 
On the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as 
Empress of India in 1877, he was granted an addition to his titles, and an 
increase of his salute from 11 to 13 guns, as a personal distinction. The 
area of the State is 928 square miles; its population 261,824, chiefly 
Hindus, but including 77,682 Sikhs and 50,178 Muhammadans. His 
Highness maintains a military force of 366 cavalry, 1253 infantry, and 18 
guns; and is entitled to a salute of 13 guns (including 2 personal guns). 

Residence. — Ndbha, Punjab. 



2 B 



370 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

NABHULAL NANHALAL, Rao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 9th June 1883. 
Residence. — Ahmadabad, Bombay. 

NABI BAKHSH, SARDAR (of KapurthalA), CLE. 

Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire, for distinguished services to the Kapurthald State, 9th November 
1880. 

Residence. — Kapurthald, Punjab. 



NABI BAKHSH walad SHBR MUHAMMAD (of Nurpur), 

Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being the representative of one of the 
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 



NABI BAKHSH walad GHULAM MURTAZA KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being the representative of one of the 
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation {see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 



NADIR, C.I.B., Skdkzdda. 

Born 1827. The title is personal, being the courtesy title of a younger 
son of the late Shah Shuja-ul-Mulk, ex-King of Kabul, who was restored to 
the throne of Afghanistan by the aid of British troops. The Shahzada has 
received the honour of the Companionship of the Most Eminent Order of 
the Indian Empire; and has five sons — (i) Hamdam, who has a son named 
Muzaffar Jang; (2) Muhammad Akbar; (3) Muazzam; (4) Muhammad 
Umar; (5) Muhammad Mukhtar. 

Residence, — Ludhidna, Punjab. 



. NADIR BAKHT, Mirza. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of a descendant of Prince 
Mirza Jahandar Shah, heir-apparent to Shah Alam, the last independent 
Mughal Emperor of Delhi. The Mirza is a brother of the Mirza Muzaffar Bakht 
{q.v.), and they are both first cousins of Mirza Muhammad Sayyid Bakht, 
under the heading of whose name will be found an account of the descent 
of this family, who have lived peacefully at Benares under the protection of 
the British Power since 1788. The Mirza is one of the sons of the late 
Mirza Zafar Bakht. 

Residence. — Benares, North-Western Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 371 



NAGO SAYAJI, Hao Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890. 
Residence. — Bombay. 

NAGOD, RAJA JADUBIND SINGH, Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 30th December 1855; succeeded to the gadi 12th June 1874. 
Belongs to a Parihar Rajput family ; which has, through many vicissitudes, 
ruled at Nagod for the last 900 years. The State was at one time feudatory 
to Panna ; but in 1809 the Raja Lai Sheoraj Singh obtained a sanad direct 
from the British Government. He was succeeded in 18 18 by his son, Raja 
Balbhadra Singh, who was deposed in 1 831, his son, Raghubind, succeed- 
ing as a minor. Raja Raghubind Singh rendered good service during the 
Mutiny of 1857, and was rewarded by the grant of extended territories, 
the right of adoption, and the honour of a salute. He died in 1874, and 
was succeeded by his son, the present Raja. The State has an area of 450 
square miles ; and a population of 7 9, 6 2 9, chiefly Hindus, but including 
7965 belonging to aboriginal tribes. The Raja maintains a military force of 
6 cavalry, 116 infantry, and 4 guns, and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. 
The banner of the family is yellow, bearing a trisul or sacred trident on the 
field ; with a Hindi motto, meaning " Faithful in perilous times." 

Residence. — Nagod, Baghelkhand, Central India. 

NAHAN, His Highness the Rdjd of. See Sirmur. 

NAIGAON RIBAI, THAEURAIN LARAI DULAYA, Jdgirddrin of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1839 ; succeeded to the gadi on the death of her late husband, the 
Kunwar Jagat Singh, 28th October 1867. Belongs to a Dawa Ahir family. 
Lachman Singh, father of the late Thakur, was originally a Sardar of Jaitpur; 
but having possessed himself of the territory of Naigaon Ribai, he received 
a sanad iwm. the British Government in 1807, confirming him in the pos- 
session. He died in 1808, and was succeeded by his son, the late 
Kunwar Jagat Singh. The area of the State is about 8 square miles; 
its population 3365, chiefly Hindus. The Thakurain maintains a military 
force of 6 cavalry, 5 1 infantry, and i gun. 

Residence. — Naigaon Ribai, Bundelkhand, Central India. 



NAJAP ALI KHAN walad ALI GAUHAR KHAN, Mir. 

The title is hereditary, the Mir being the representative of one of the 
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation {see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Shikarpur, Sind. 



372 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



NAJM-UD-DIN HUSAIN, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1852. The title was conferred on 8th October 1875, as a per- 
sonal distinction, in recognition of his position as son-in-law of His late 
Highness Zahir-ud-daula, the second of the titular Princes of Arcot. 

Residence. — Conjeveram, Madras. 



NAJM-UD-DIN HUSAIN, SAYYID, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890. 
Residence. — Thagi and Dakaiti Department, Simla. 

NAKI ALI KHAN, Majid-ud-dauld. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of a son of a grand- 
daughter of the late Muhammad Ali Shah, King of Oudh. 
Residence. — Oudh. 

NALAGARH, Rdjd of. See Hindur. 



NALDANGA, RAJA PRAMADA BHUSAN DEB RAI, Rdjd of. 

Born 22nd December 1858; succeeded his father, Rdja Indu Bhusan 
Deb Rai, ninth Rdja of Naldanga, in 1871, as a minor. Belongs to a 
family claiming descent from Vishnu Das Hazra, who was settled in Jessore 
district, Bengal, in the beginning of the i6th century. His son, 
Srimanta Rai, is said to have distinguished himself by slaying a rebel 
Pathan Chief, and to have obtained for this service from the Subahdar of 
Bengal a /a^zV and the title of "Ranabir Khan." Three generations later 
Chandi Charan Deb Rai, who died in 1656 a.d., slew the Raja Kedareswar, 
and consequently obtained the title of Rajd from the Emperor Shah Jahan. 
His successor, Indra Narayan, second Rdja, built a great many Hindu 
temples, which are still in existence. The third Rdjd, Surya Nardyan Deb 
Rai, died in 1698 a.d. ; the fourth, Rain Deb Rai, in 1746 a.d. ; and the 
fifth, Krishna Deb Rai, in 1788 a.d. The late Rdjd, Indu Bhusan Deb 
Rai, was born in 1836, and enjoyed the estate as ninth Rdjd from 1854 to 
1 87 1. The present Rdjd came of age in December 1879, and received 
the title, as a personal distinction, on 26th June 1885. He has established 
scholarships for Sanskrit learning, and medals for female education, for 
which he has received the thanks of Government. He also founded and 
maintained a " Higher Class English School," and a Dispensary. Has been 
appointed Member of the District Board, Jessore ; and elected a Member of 
the British Indian Association. Has two sons — Pannaga Bhusan Deb 
Rai, born 1882; Mriganka Bhusan Deb Rai, born 1889. The family 
arms are — argent, a crescent moon proper, in chief a trident between two 
cross-swords proper. 

Residence. — " Hazra Asrama," Naldanga, Jessore, Bengal. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 373 



NALB, LASHKARI KANHA PADVI, Chief of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born i860 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor in 1872. The area of the 

State, which is one of the Mewas States of Khdndesh, is 30 square miles ; its 

population about 300, chiefly Bhils (aborigines), to which tribe also the Chief 

belongs. 

Residence. — Nile, Khdndesh, Bombay. 

NALINAESHA BASU (BOSE), Rai Bahadur. 

The title was conferred on 20th May 18 go, as a personal distinction, in 
recognition of eminent services as an Honorary Magistrate, and as Chairman 
of the Burdwan Municipality. 

Residence. — Burdwan, Bengal. 

NAM NARATAN SINGH (of RAmgarh), Rdjd. 

The title was conferred on 24th May 1889 as a personal distinction, in 
recognition of the Raja's position as the present representative of the Ram- 
garh Rajds. 

Residence. — Rdmgarh, Haziribagh, Bengal. 

NANA MOROBA, Rao. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist November 1859. 
Residence. — Ahmadabad, Bombay. 

NANABHAI EAVASJI, Khdn Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th May 1890. 
Residence. — Bombay. 

NANAE CHAND, Rai Bahddur. 

Born July 1828. The title was conferred on 6th June 1885 as a per- 
sonal distinction, for long and meritorious service. Belongs to a Kayastha 
family of Rampur Manihar in the Saharanpur district. Rai Shakunbari Das, 
father of the Rai Nanak Chand Bahadur, was a Deputy Collector in the 
Punjab, and his three brothers also hold important places of trust in Her 
Majesty's service. 

Residence. — Sahdranpur, North- Western Provinces. 

NANAK CHAND, LALA, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. 
Residence. — Rijputdna. 

NAND KISHOR DAS, Rai Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890. 
Residence. — Orissa, Bengal. 



374 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



NANDGAON, EAJA BALRAM DAS, Mahant of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Title of Raja Bahadur conferred, as a personal distinction, 2nd January 
1893. Born 1866 ; succeeded to the gadt as a minor 4th November 1883. 
Belongs to a Bairdgi (Hindu of the Ascetic Mendicant caste, but of an order 
that is allowed by its rules to marry) family, and has received the title of 
Raja as a personal distinction. The feudal tenure of this State was originally 
conferred by the Mahratta Rajd, of Nigpur on his family priest, and the title 
of Mahant has been recognised by the British Government. The late Chief, 
Mahant Ghazi Das, was an able and energetic ruler, and was succeeded in 
1883 by his son, the present Mahant. The area of the State is 155 square 
miles; its population is 16,764, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Nandgaon, Raipur, Central Provinees. 

NANDSHANKAR TULJASHANKAR, Rao Bahddiir. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. 

Residence. — Surat, Bombay. 

NANGAON, THAKUR ZALIM SINGH, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1815; succeeded to the gadi in 1833. Belongs to a Rajput 
(Hindu) family. 

Residence. — Nangaon, Western Mdlwd, Central India. 

NANKB, MAUNG KUN KYB, Ngwegunhmu of 
, A Ruling Chief. 

The Ngwegunhmu is Chief of one of the Shan States of the Burma 
frontier, which has an area of about 80 square miles, and a population con- 
sisting chiefly of Shans. 

Residence. — Nanke, Shan States, Burma. 

NANKOK, KUN DON, Myoza of 
A Ruling Chief 

The Myoza is Chief of one of the Shan States, Burma ; having an area 
of about 40 square miles, and a population consisting chiefly of Shans. 
Residence. — Nankok, Shan States, Burma. 

NANEON, MAUNG PYAN, Ngwegunhmu of 
A Ruling Chief. 
The Ngwegunhmu is the Chief of one of the Shan States, Burma ; with 
an area of about 12 square miles, and a population consisting chiefly of 
Shans. 

Residence. — Nankon, Shan States, Burma. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



375 



NAJSfPARA, RdjA of. See Jang Bahadur, CLE. (of Nanpara), Edjd. 



NANTOK, MAUNG KUN PU, Ngwegunkmu of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

The Ngwegunhmu is Chief of one of the Shan States, Burma ; which has 
an area of about 30 square miles, and a population consisting chiefly of 



Shans. 

Residence.- 



-Nantok, Shan States, Burma. 



NAOROJI MANIKJI WADIA, CLE. 

Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian 
Empire, 2nd January 1893. 

Residence. — Bombay. 




NAOROJI NASIRWANJI WADIA, 
CLE. 

Was created a Companion of the Most 
Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, 2Sth 
May 1889. Has received from Her Majesty, 
through the Garter King of Arms, a grant of 
arms, as shown in the margin. 

Arms. — Azure, on a fesse or, in chief an 
anvil of the last encircled by two branches of the 
cotton-tree, slipped, and in base a ship under 
sail at sea, all proper ; a rose, gules barbed and 
seeded between two bees volant of the third. 
Crest. — In front of a sun rising a cubit-arm 
erect, proper, vested above the elbow, argent, 
holding a double-headed hammer, also proper.' 

Residence. — B ombay. 



NAOROJI PBSTANJI, VAKIL, Khan BaUdur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd January 1888. 
Residence. — Ahmadabad, Bombay. 



NAOROZ KHAN, SARDAR, SIR (of^ Kharan), i?. C./.^. 

Was created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the 
Indian Empire, 24th May 1888. 
Residence. — Kharan. 



376 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



NARASIM AIYANG-AR, Hat Bahddur. 

The title was conferred on i6th February 1887, as a personal distinction, 
on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Belongs to a distinguished Brdhman family, and is famous for the eminent 
services he has rendered to the cause of Indian education. Under the 
sanction and encouragement of their Highnesses the Maharaja and Mahardni 
of Mysore, the Rai Bahddur has elaborated a plan for the higher education of 
the women of the upper classes of Mysore, which has been remarkably suc- 
cessful, and in accordance with this plan Her Highness the MahdrAni's High 
Caste Girls' School of Mysore is effecting almost a revolution in the standard 
of education among the ladies of that province. 

Residence. — Mysore. 

NARA SINGHA RAO, Rao Bahddur. 

Born 1827. The title is personal, land was conferred on ist January 
1889. Is a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, and also of the Royal 
Astronomical Society. 

Residence. — Vizagapatam, Madras. 

NARAYAN BALWANT BHISB, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on loth February 1882. 
Residence. — Bombay. 

NARAYAN BALI (of Rdmpur), Rai. See Rampur, Rai of. 

NARAYAN BHAI DUNDEKAR, Rao Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. 

Residence. — Berar. 

NARAYAN DAS,-i?a/ Bahddur. 

Born 22nd August 1836. The title was conferred on ist January 1886, 
as a personal distinction, for long and meritorious services rendered to 
Government, dating from 1855. Belongs to an Agarwala family that origin- 
ally came from Alwar in Rajputana, and settled at Agra. The Rai Bahadur 
is Judge of the Small Cause Court of Lucknow. 

Residence. — Lucknow, Gudh. 

NARAYAN DHANAJIRAO THORAT, Dinkar Rao. 

The title is hereditary. Belongs to a family claiming descent from 
Maha Saji Rao. His descendant, Krishna Rao, received the title of Dinkar 
Rao from the Bdbd Saheb, Maharajd of Sdtdra. The family cognisance or 
crest is a talwdr or Indian sword, point to the left, edge upward. The 
father of the present Dinkar Rao was named Dhanaji Thorat, Dinkar Rao. 

Residence. — Sdtdra, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 377 

NARAYAN KRISHNA (or NARAYANRAO KRISHNARAO), 

Rao Saheb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1883. 
Residence. — Poona, Bombay. 

NARAYAN PANDURANG BANAVALKAR, Rao Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on loth May 1884. 
Residence. — Poona, Bombay. 

NARAYAN RAO, Rao Saheb. 

The title is hereditary, the Rao Saheb being descended from the old 
Mahratta rulers of Sigar. Ganpat Rao was the founder of this branch of 
the family. 

Residence. — Sigar, Central Provinces. 

NARAYAN RAO, Rao Saheb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Wardha, Central Provinces. 

NARAYAN RAO URP NANA SAHEB GHORPADE (of Datwad), 

Amir-ul-Umara Ghorpade Malanmat Madar, Sendpati. 

The title is hereditary, the Ghorpade being the descendant and repre- 
sentative of Maloji Rao Ghorpade, who obtained these titles, including that 
of " Senapati," or Commander-in-Chief, from the Maharaja of Kolhapur. At 
the time of the Mahratta war the Ghorpade aided the British against the 
Peshwa, and consequently his honours were declared hereditary by the 
British Government. Narayan Rao is the son of the late Amir-ul-Umara 
Ghorpade, Ram Chandra Rao. 

Residence. — Belgaum, Bombay. 

NARAYAN (RAGHUNATH) SHASTRI GOKHLE, 

Mahdmahopddhydya. 

This title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February r887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty, for 
eminence in oriental languages. It entitles him to take rank in Darbar 
immediately after titular Rajas. 

Residence. — Kolhdpur, Bombay. 

NARAYAN SINGH (of Kang), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary. The Sardar is descended from Sardar Gaur 
Singh, who, with his two brothers, the Sardars Dargaha Singh and Dharm 
Singh, took possession of Kang and the surrounding territory on the decline 
of the Mughal Empire in the last century. Sardar Gaur Singh's son was 
Sardar Hari Singh, whose grandson, Sardar Bhup Singh, was the father of 
the present Sardar. 

Residence. — Jilandhar, Punjab. 



378 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



NARAYAN SINGH (of Dhalewala), Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Jdlandhar, Punjab. 

NARAYAN SINGH, Kunwdr. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of a son of the late Mahardja 
Sher Singh. 

Residence. — Lahore, Punjab. 

NARAYAN SINGH, MIAN, Rai Bahddur. 

The Mian has rendered good service in the Police of the Punjab, and 
received the title of Rai Bahddur as a personal distinction on 25th May 1892. 
Residence. — Punjab. 

NARAYAN VASUDBO BARVE, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th February 1885. 
Residence. — Ratnagiri, Bombay. 

NARAYAN VISHNU BAPAT, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th May 1889. 
Residence. — B ombay. 

NARAYANRAO APPAJI VAD, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 29th June 1886. 
Residence.- — N^sik, Bombay. 

NARAYANRAO BHIKAJI, Rao Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Jhabua, Central India. 

NARAYANRAO SAKHARAM PHADNIS, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 29th May 1886. 
Residence. — Sdt^ra, Bombay. 

NARAYANRAO TRIMBAK, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Ndsik, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 379 



NARAYANRAOJI NISAL, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 19th October 1885. 
Residence. — Ahmadnagar, Bombay. 

NARAYANSWAMI MUDALIYAR, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. The Rai Bahadur belongs to a family of Arcot, Madras. 

Residence. — Bangalore, Mysore. 

NARBHERAN RAGHUNATH DAS, Rao Sakeb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Ahmadabad, Bombay. 

NARENDRA BAHADUR SINGH (of Haraha), Rdjd. 
Born 27th April 1851. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Surajbans 
family that came from Kumaun about 350 years ago and settled first at 
Faizabad. Bisram Singh was the founder of the family ; eighth in descent 
from him was Raja Lachmi Narayan Singh of Haraha. Eight generations 
later was the Raja Chattarpat Singh, who died in 1859, and was succeeded 
by his son, the present Raja. The Raja has a son and heir, named Rahuraj 
Singh, born 1877. 

Residence. — Ranikatra, Pargani Daryabad, Bard Banki, Oudh. 

NARENDRA KRISHNA (DEB), SIR, K.C.I.E., Mahdrdjd Bahddur. 
Born loth October 1822. Belongs to the Sobha Bazir family of 
Calcutta, whose ancestors are said to have enjoyed honours conferred by 
the Mughal Emperors and the Nawabs of Bengal, Behar, and Orissa. 
The founder of the family was the Maharaja Nava Krishna, who obtained a 
medal from Lord Clive, and the title of Maharaja Bahadur, for his services 
during the war with the Nawab Suraj-ud-daula and the establishment of the 
British Power in Bengal after the battle of Plassey. He was famous for his 
munificence. Amongst other works of benefit to the public he constructed 
a good road from Diamond Harbour to Kalpi, a distance of eight miles. 
Despairing of having any male issue, he adopted one of his nephews, the 
Raja Gopi Mohan Deb (see Rajendra Narayan Deb, Raja Bahadur); but 
subsequently a son was born to him, the Raja Raj Krishna Deb Bahadur 
(father of the present Maharaja), and he consequently divided his estates 
between his own son and his adopted son. Raja Raj Krishna Deb Bahadur 
died at the age of forty-two, leaving eight sons, of whom the Maharija Sir 
Narendra is the only surviving one. Sir Narendra was educated at the Hindu 
College ; served the Government as a Deputy Magistrate for about nine years, 
from 1844 to 1853, in which capacity he earned a sohd reputation; and on 
his retirement began his public life as a Municipal Commissioner, a Justice of 



38o 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



the Peace, and a leading Member of the British Indian Association — of 
which important body he has been thrice unanimously elected President. 
During the Viceroyalty of Lord Northbrook he was formally gazetted a Rajd, 
having long held that title by courtesy ; and he was also appointed a Member 
of the Imperial Legislative Council of India, in which he attained a dis- 
tinguished position. On the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most 
Gracious Majesty as Empress of India he was invited to attend the Imperial 
Assemblage at Delhi, and then was granted the title of Mahardja as a 
personal distinction. Subsequently he has been created a Knight Com- 
mander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, and has occupied 
a great many posts of dignity and public usefulness. He has a son and heir, 
Kumar Gopendra Krishna Bahddur, M.A., B.L., a Member of the Statutory 
Civil Service of Bengal, and Joint-Magistrate of Sealdah ; and several other 
sons. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

NARINDAR NATH, Diwdn. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Lahore, Punjab. 

NARINDAR SINGH (of Nadaun), Midn. 

The title is hereditary, the Mian being the' eldest son and heir of the 
present Rdja of Nadaun (see Amar Chand of Nadaun, Raja), in the Kdngra 
district, Punjab. 

Residence. — Nadaun, Kdngra, Punjab. 

NARINDAR SINGH, Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Lahore, Punjab. 

NARINJAN NATH, Kunwdr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Lahore, Punjab. 




The Santdk of the Chauhdn 
Rdjputs, called Chakra, used 
in the seal and for signature. 

(A circle with four Trisulas or 
Tridents as radii at the car- 
dinal points.) 



NAROTAM SINGH (of Eka), Rdjd. 
Born 1835. The title is hereditary. Belongs 
to the illustrious Chauhan clan of Rdjputs, being 
an offshoot of the Partapner House (see Mohkam 
Singh of Partapner, Raja), and consequently a 
descendant of Prithvi Raji, last Chauhan Emperor 
of Delhi and Ajmir. The father of the present 
Rajd, Hira Singh, succeeded to the Raj in 1862 
A.D. ; he died in 1876, and was succeeded by the 
present Raja. The latter has a son named Lai 
Singh. 

Residence. — Eka, Mainpuri, North-Western Provinces. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 381 



NARPAT SINGH (of Gangwal), Rdjd. 

Born 1 2th January 1822. The title is hereditary, the Raji of Gangwal 
being (since the confiscation of the Raj of Ikauna for rebeUion during the 
Mutiny) the representative of the elder branch of the ancient and powerful 
Janwar family, of which the present Houses of Balrampur, Oel, Kaimahra, 
and Piagpur (all great Barons of Oudh) are offshoots. The founder of the 
Janwar family was a military adventurer, Bariar Sah, the youngest of six 
sons of a Sombansi Rdjput Chief, whose home was in the great fort of 
Pawagarh on the confines of Gujardt. He joined the Imperial army of 
Delhi to seek his fortune. In 1374 a.d. the Emperor Firuz Shah Tughlak 
made a pilgrimage to Bahraich, to the famous shrine of Sayyid Saldr ; he took 
Bariar Sah, then risen to be a Risaldar, in command of his escort, and 
ordered him to clear the country of the marauders who infested it. Bariar 
Sah executed this order so efficiently that the Emperor made over to him 
the Ikauna district, then called Khanpur Mahada. Seventh in descent from 
Bariar Sah was Ganesh Singh ; his brother, Madho Singh, founded the 
family of Balrampur (see Indar Kunwar, Maharani). The grandson of 
Ganesh Singh was Maha, Singh, the hero of the family, who, in 1627 a.d., 
obtained from the Emperor Shdh Jahan a grant of the percentage on the 
Government revenue, called " Hag Chandar," throughout eight Parganas. 
In 1723 Chain Singh, grandson of Maha Singh, deputed his brother, Pratab 
Singh, to guard the border estate of Dobaha from the attacks of the Bisen Raja 
of Gonda. This Pratab Singh did so effectively that at last he felt himself 
strong enough to declare himself, independent of his brother the Raja of 
Ikauna, as the Raja of Mankapur, now called Gangwal. He was killed in a 
fight with the Raja of Gonda, but his son Jaswant Singh held his own up to 
the time of his death in 1769 a.d. The grandson of the latter, Raja Kishan 
Prasad Singh, slew his kinsman Himmat Singh, the first Raja of Piagpur. 
He died without issue ; so did his nephews, who succeeded him in turn, the 
Rajas Harsaran Singh and Sitla Bakhsh Singh. The latter was at first 
succeeded in 1885 by his widow, the Rani Sukhraj Kunwar; but after some 
litigation an agreement was arrived at, by which the present Raja, the 
youngest nephew of Raja Kishan Prasad Singh, and brother of the two 
preceding Rdjds, was installed. He has a son and heir, named Bhya Suraj 
Prakash Singh. 

Residence. — Gangwal, Bahraich, Oudh. 



NARSINGHGARH, HIS HIGHNESS RAJA MAHTAB SINGH, 

Rdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

' Born 1839; succeeded to the gadi 28th June 1890. Belongs to an 
Umat Rajput (Hindu) family, descended from Ajab Singh, who was Minister 
to the Rawat of Rajgarh. His son, Pardsa Ram, succeeded him as Minister 
in 1660 A.D., and ultimately compelled the Rawat, in 1681, to share his 
dominions with him — thereby founding the State of Narsinghgarh, which is at 
present tributary to Indore. Rija Partab Singh, father of the present Rdja, 
succeeded in 1875, his father in 1872 having received from the British 



382 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

Government that hereditary title. The family banner is white with a scarlet 
bordure, bearing in the centre the effigy of Hanuman, the monkey-god. 
The area of the State is 623 square miles; its population 112,427, chiefly 
Hindus, but including about 5000 Muhammadans, and 6000 belonging to 
aboriginal tribes. His Highness maintains a military force of 318 cavalry, 
450 infantry, and 16 guns, and is entitled to a salute of 11 guns. 
Residence. — Narsinghgarh, Bhopdl, Central India. 

NAESINGHPUR, RAJA SADHU CHARAN MAN SINGH 
HARI CHANDAN, Rdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 
Born 1883 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 4th December 1884. 
Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family, of whom there have been twenty-three 
generations of Rajas in Narsinghpur since the time when its founder, 
Dharma Raja, ousted the aboriginal headmen and assumed the government. 
For the last nine generations son has succeeded father, each bearing the 
styles and titles of "Man Singh Hari Chandan Mahapatra," in addition to the 
hereditary title of Raja, which was formally confirmed by the British Govern- 
ment in 1874. The family cognisance is a scorpion. The area of the State, 
which is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals, is 199 square miles; its 
population is 32,583, chiefly Hindus. The Rdja maintains a military force 
of 184 infantry. 

Residence.- — Kili Narsinghpur, Orissa, Bengal. 

NARSIRAM VAJBRAM, Rao BaMdur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist June 1888. 
Residence. — Kaira, Bombay. 

NARSU RAM CHANDRA GODBOLE, Rao Saheb. 

Born i6th May 1842. The title is personal, and was conferred on nth 
August 1 88 1. The Rao Saheb was educated at Satara, and at the Science 
College, Poona ; ahd thence was appointed to the Public Works Department 
of Bombay in 1861. From 1857 to 1887 he was Secretary and Engineer 
to the Poona City Municipal Corporation; and from 1887 to 1889 
Executive Officer to the Poona Cantonment Fund. He is now Member of 
the Poona Municipal Corporation, and an Honorary Magistrate, as well as 
member of many local Committees. He has two sons — Ananta, born 1864 ; 
and Krishna, born 1874. His brother is the Rao Bahddur Kashinath Ram 
Chandra Godbole (^.w.) 

Residence. — Poona, Bombay. 

NARUKOT, DIPSINGH JAGATSINGH, Chief of . 
A Ruling Chief. 
Born 1841 ; belongs to a Koli (aboriginal) family. The area of the State 
is 143 square miles; its population is 6440, chiefly Hindus. It is tributary 
to Baroda. 

Residence. — Jhotwdr, Gujardt, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 383 



NARWAR, RAO RAGHUNATH SINGH, Rao of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1863; succeeded to the gadi 12th June 1882. Belongs to a 
Jhdla Rajput (Hindu) family. The population of this State is about 2000, 
chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Ndrwir, Western Mdlwi, Central India. 

NASARVANJI EHARSBDJI, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. 

Residence. — Ahmadnagar, Bombay. 

NASIR-UD-DIN MIRZA, Nawdb Bahddur. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of a great-grandson of His 
late Majesty Muhammad Ali Shah, King of Oudh. He is a son of Sulaiman 
Mirza (^.a.), grandson of that monarch. 

Residence. — Oudh. 



NASRAT ALI, CHAUDHRI, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1 8th August 1849. The title is personal, and was conferred on 
2nd January 1888. Belongs to a family claiming descent from the first 
Khalif. His ancestors held high offices under the former Governments of 
Oudh. He is a nephew of Muhammad Azim (^.».), hereditary Chaudhri of 
Kakrali in Hardoi district, Oudh. Chaudhri Nasrat Ali, Khan Bahadur, 
rendered valuable service to Government in connection with the preparation 
of the Oudh Rent Act. He is an Honorary Magistrate, and Assistant 
Secretary of the British Indian Association. 

Residence. — Lucknow, Oudh. 



NASRAT ALI KHAN walad IMAM BAEHSH KHAN, Mir. 
The title is hereditary, the Mir being the representative of one of the 
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). 
Residence. — Shikdrpur, Sind. 

NASWADI, THAEUR MANSINGHJI, ThAkur of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1880; belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. The State, which is 
tributary to Baroda, has an area of about 8 square miles. The Thakur is 
still a minor. 

Residence. — Naswidi, Rewi Kdntha, Bombay. 



384 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



NATHU BAPUJI, Rao Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 13th August 1881. 
Residence. — Ahmadnagar, Bombay. 



NAULANA, THAKUR PIRTHI SINGH, TMkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1877 ; succeeded to the g'adi as a minor in 1884. Belongs to a 
Rajput (Hindu) family. The population of the State is about 407, chiefly 
Hindus. 

Residence. — Naulana, Western Mdlwd, Central India. 



NAURANG KHAN, Khdn Bahddur. 

The title was conferred on nth March 1859, as a personal distinction, 
for very distinguished sevices during the Multan rebellion and the Mutiny of 
1857. Belongs to the Gandapur (Afghan) family of Kulachi in the Dera 
Ismail Khdn district of the Punjab. He raised 50 horse and 100 foot for 
service in the Multdn campaign, and was desperately wounded at that time. 
At the close of the campaign he joined the Police, retiring on a pension after 
three years ; but continued to volunteer for service on the frontier, and his 
son, Muhammad Zaman Khdn, was killed in this service. When the Mutiny 
broke out in 1857 he raised 600 men ; and leaving 200 foot with the Deputy 
Commissioner of Dera Ismail Khan, he joined Sir Herbert Edwardes with the 
residue at Peshdwar, and marched at the head of these followers into 
Hindustan. He was engaged in the actions against the rebels at Jhelum, 
Delhi, Najafgarh, and elsewhere ; and on one occasion saved Lieutenant 
Lind's life by killing a Sepoy who was about to bayonet that ofBcer when dis- 
mounted. For these services he received z.jdgir in perpetuity, and the title 
of Khan Bahadur. His son, Muhammad Zamin Khdn, mentioned above, 
left a son named Bakhtiyar Khan. Another son, Mehardil Khdn, has three 
sons — Faiz Muhammad Khan, born 1862 ; Sayyid Muhammad Khdn, 
born 1864; AbduUa Khan, born 1866. A third son, Sarfardz Khdn, 
Risalddr, has two sons — Gulzar Khdn and Kuniddd Khdn. A fourth son, 
Sikandar Khan, has a son named Samandar Khan. 

Residence. — Kuldchi, Dera Ismail Khdn, Punjab. 



NAVA KRISHNA GHOSH, Rai Bahddur. 

The title was conferred on 19th April 1884, as a personal distinction, for 
valuable services in the Bengal Police. 
Residence. — Hugli, Bengal. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 385 



NAVALPUR, PHULSINGH LASHKAEI PADVI, Chief of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1867; succeeded to the gadi in 1876 as a minor. The State, 
which is one of the Mewas States of Khdndesh, has an area of 20 square 
miles, and a population of 1 80, chiefly Bhils (aborigines) ; to which tribe also 
the Chief belongs. 

Residence. — Navalpur, Khdndesh, Bombay. 

NAWAB JAN, MAULAVI, Khan Saheb. 

The title was conferred on 6th July 1887, as a personal distinction, for 
valuable services rendered to Government in the Foreign Department. 
Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 



NAWAB MIRZA, Bahadur. 

The title is personal, being the courtesy title of a grandson of His late 
Majesty Muhammad AH Shah, third King of Oudh. Is the son of Mirza 
Humayun Bakht, who was a son of that monarch. 
Residence. — Oudh. 



NAWANAGAR, HIS HIGHNESS JAM SHRI SIR VIBHAJI 
RANMALJI, K.C.S.I., Jam Saheb of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 8th May 1827; succeeded to the gadi 22nd February 1852. 
Belongs to the illustrious Jareja Rajput family that has given ruling families 
to Kutch, Dhrol, Rajkot, and other States of Western India. Jdm Rawal, 
said to have been the elder brother of the then Jam of Kutch, emigrated 
from Kutch and established himself at Nawanagar in 1535. In 1788 the 
great fort of Nawanagar was constructed under the orders of one of Jam 
Rawal's descendants, the Jdm Jasaji. The latter died in 18 14 without male 
heirs ; and his widow, the Rani Achuba, adopted Ranmalji, who became the 
Jam Ranmalji, and was the father of the present Jam. The Jam Ranmalji 
was a popular ruler, and distinguished himself by the ability with which he 
saved his people from the horrors of the famines of 1834, 1839, ^nd 1846. 
He was also a famous sportsman and lion-killer. The present Jam is equally 
distinguished as a sportsman ; but he has also earned a great reputation as 
an administrator, especially in the departments of education and public 
works. He has also greatly improved the system of revenue-collection, and 
the administration of justice within his State. On the occasion of the visit 
to India of His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, the Jam went to 
Bombay to take part in his reception. Similarly, in 1875, His Highness 
had the honour of being one of those Princes of Western India who first 
received His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales on the occasion of his 
memorable visit to India in the winter of 1875-76. In 1877 the Jam was 
an invited and honoured guest at the Imperial assemblage at Delhi, on the 

2 c 



386 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India ; and he then had the honour of receiving an addition of four guns to 
his salute, as a personal distinction. On ist January 1878 he was created 
a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. He 
has a son and heir, born about the year 1884. The State has an area of 
3791 square miles; and a population of 316,147, chiefly Hindus, but 
including about 50,000 Muhammadans. His Highness maintains a military 
force of 191 cavalry, 3060 infantry, and 117 guns, and is entitled to a salute 
of 1 5 guns, including a personal salute of 4 guns. 
Residence. — Nawinagar, Kithidwdr, Bombay. 



NAWAZISH ALI KHAN, SIR, K.O.I.E (of Nawabganj), 
ALIABAD, Nawdb. 

Born 1828. The title was conferred on 21st May 1866, as a personal 
distinction, in recognition of his position, and of the great public services of 
his distinguished father, the Nawib Ali Raza Khdn Bahadur, and of himself 
Belongs to a Quazilbash or Kazilbash family of high rank in Afghanistan ; 
descended from Sardar Ali Khan, who came from the province of Sherwan 
on the west coast of the Caspian Sea, with NAdir Shah, when the latter 
invaded India. On his return Sarddr Ali Khdn was appointed Governor of 
Kandahar. He obtained the district of Hazara, north of Kandahar, on the 
accession of Ahmad Shah Durani, whom he accompanied in his last invasion 
of India, and by whose instigation he was assassinated. His son, Hidayat 
Khin, accompanied Shdh Zaman to Lahore in 1797. When the British army 
brought back Shah Shuja to Kdbul in 1839, Hidayat Khan's son, Ali Raza 
Khan, who was living on his estate, was appointed Chief Agent of the Com- 
missariat Department. During the disasters that followed he remained 
faithful to British interests ; and it was mainly by his aid that the British 
prisoners were ultimately enabled to make their escape and join the relieving 
army of General Pollock. He accompanied the British forces to India on 
the evacuation of Afghanistan ; and his estate was confiscated by Muhammad 
Akbar Khdn, in consequence of which he received a British pension. During 
the Sutlej campaign he joined the British camp with his brothers and 60 
horsemen of his tribe ; and during the rebellion of 1848-49 furnished 100 
horsemen for active service. In 1857 Ali Raza Khdn voluntarily raised a 
troop of horse and sent it to Delhi at his own expense, mortgaging for the 
purpose his house and property at Lahore ; this troop formed part of Hod- 
son's Horse, and served with conspicuous gallantry throughout the Mutiny 
campaigns. Lieutenant-Colonel H. D. Daly, when commandant of Hodson's 
Horse, wrote of him in February 1859: "He has served throughout the 
war, and on all occasions has been conspicuous for chivalric valour. . . . His 
gallantry has won for him the First Class of the Order of Merit. ... A 
braver soldier never took the field." As a reward he received a large grant 
of lands in Oudh, with the title of Nawdb conferred in 1864; and this, on 
his death in 1866, was continued to his son, the Nawdb Nawdzish Ali Khdn. 
The family have also received a grant of lands in Lahore district in the Pun- 
jab. The Nawdb was made an Honorary Assistant Commissioner of the 
Punjab on ist January 1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her 
Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India ; and he was for some time a 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 387 

Member of the Imperial Legislative Council of India. On ist June 1888 
he was created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the 
Indian Empire. He has taken a prominent part in the foundation of the 
Punjab University, and in all important works of public utihty or benevolence 
in that Province. 

Residences. — Bahraich, Oudh : and Lahore, Punjab. 

NAYAGARH, RAJA RAGHUNATH SINGH MANDHATA, 

Rdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Succeeded to the gadi 2nd March 1890. Belongs to the Rdjput 
(Hindu) family, of whom there have been twenty-two generations of Rajas in 
Naydgarh since the time when its founder, Surjya Mani Singh, a scion of the 
family of the Rajas of Rewah, established himself there. The family obtained 
at various times from the Rajas of Puri the titles of " Champati Singh 
Mangraj " and " Mandhata." The late Rajd, Ladhu Kishor Singh Mandhata, 
was born about 1843; ^nd succeeded to the gadi 20th September 1851. 
The family cognisance or crest is a tiger's head. The area of the State, 
which is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals, is 588 square miles; its popu- 
lation is 114,622, chiefly Hindus. The Raja maintains a military force of 
741 men and 9 guns. 

Residence. — Kild Naydgarh, Orissa, Bengal. 

NAZIR ALI, KMn Bahadur. 

Born 1842. The title was conferred on 8th October 1875, ^s a personal 
distinction, in recognition of his position as son-in-law of His late Highness 
Zahir-ud-daula, the second of the titular Princes of Arcot. 
Residence. — Madras. 



NB DUN, MAUNG, Kyet Thaye zaung skwe Salwe ya Min. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1889. It is 
indicated by the letters K.S.M. after the name, and means "Recipient of the 
Gold Chain of Honour." 

Residence. — Prome, Burma. 



NEPAL, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAJ-ADHIRAJ PRITHVI BIR 
BIKRAM JANG BAHADUR SAH SAHEB BAHADUR 
SHAMSHER JANG, Mahdrdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 
Born 1875; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 17th May 1881. The 
ruling race of Nepal is the Gurkha, which also furnishes some of the best 
soldiers of the Indian army. The family of the Maharaja is said to be of 
Sisodiya Rajput descent ; claiming descent firom the Raja Prithvi Nardyan, 
who died in the year 1771 a.d., about three years after the complete con- 
quest of Nepal by his Gurkha troops. One of his descendants, in the time 



388 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

of Warren Hastings, about the year 1790, invaded Tibet on two occasions, 
and brought back great booty ; but the Emperor of China, as Suzerain of 
Tibet, sent a large army into Nepdl in 1792, that advanced within 26 miles 
of the capital, Khatmandu, and forced the Nepalese to conclude a treaty of 
submission. Subsequently, between the years 1803 and 1815, the Gurkhas 
of Nepdl, notwithstanding great internal dissensions, overran the Cis-Sutlej 
territory of the Punjab and the Simla Hill States; but in 18 14 the British 
intervened, expelled the Gurkhas from the Punjab territories in 1815, and in 
1816 a treaty was signed, which transferred the control both of those terri- 
tories and of Kumdun, the Dehra Dun, and the other outlying districts, to 
the British Power. The late Prime Minister of Nepdl, Sir Jang Bahadur, 
G.C.B., G.C.S.I., was well known in England, and was the virtual ruler of 
Nepdl from 1846 to the time of his death in 1877. He rendered good ser- 
vices in the Mutiny of 1857 by sending Gurkha troops, who gave material 
help in the reduction of the rebellious province of Oudh. The State has an 
area of 54,000 square miles, consisting of sub-Himalayan valleys and moun- 
tain-ranges. Its population is estimated at 2,000,000 and upwards. The 
Mahdrdjd maintains a military force of 54 cavalry, 48,200 infantry, and 920 
guns ; and is entitled to a salute of 2 1 guns. 
Residence.- — Khatmandu, Nepdl. 

NI, MAUNG, Ahmi'idan gaung Tazeik-ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1890. It is 
indicated by the letters A.T.M. after the name, and means "Recipient of 
the Medal for Good Service." 

Residence. — Mandalay, Burma. 

NIAMAT KHAN. See Ghulam Muhammad. 

NIAMAT-ULLA KHAN (of Rehlu), Rdjd. 

The title was conferred on ist August 1879, as a personal distinction. 
Belongs to a Rajput family, who for many generations were Rdjds of Rdjauri, 
in the territory now called Jammu, and belonging to His Highness the 
Mahdrdjd of Jammu and Kashmir. The late Rdjd, Hamid-ulla Khdn, was 
driven out of the Rdj of Rdjauri by the late Chief of Jammu ; and he subse- 
quently settled at Rehlu in the Kdngra district, receiving an annual allow- 
ance from the Jammu Government in compensation for the loss of his estate. 
Though no longer Rdjd of Rdjauri, the personal title of Rdjd was conferred 
upon him by the British Government for his services during the time of the 
Mutiny in 1857; and he was appointed an Honorary Assistant Commis- 
sioner of the Punjab. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the present 
Rdjd. 

Residence. — Rehlu, Kdngra, Punjab. 

NIDHAN SINGH (of Mukerian), Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. The Sarddr is a younger brother of Sarddr Bur 
Singh of Mukerian — under whose name is given an account of this family. 
Residence. — Mukerian, Hoshidrpur, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 389 



NIBPHRODSYNB (of Manikchari), Mong Rdjd. 

The title is hereditary. The present Mong R^ja has recently succeeded 
to the gadi. His predecessor was the Mong Rdja Narabadi, who was born 
about the year 1848, and succeeded his father, the Mong Rdja Keojosine, in 
1869. The family are the hereditary Chiefs of the Palangtha clan of Hill 
Burmese, sometimes called Maghs (Mugs) or Arakanese — who occupy the 
northern portion of the Chittagong Hill Tracts. The founder of the family 
was named Khedu ; and he was originally the Dabaing or Sarddr of a number 
of villages. His descendant was Konjai, the grandfather of the late Mong 
Rdja Narabadi. The latter did good service to the Government in the 
first Lushai war, by supplying coolies, boats, etc. ; and the hereditary title 
of Mong Raja has been confirmed to the family. 

Residence. — Manikchari, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bengal. 



NIHAL SINGH (of Kang), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary. The Sardar is the younger brother of Sardar 
Narayan Singh of Kang ; under whose name an account of this family has 
been given. 

Residence. — Kang, Jdlandhar, Punjab. 

NIHAL SINGH (of SMhkot), Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. The Sardir is the younger brother of the late 
Sardar Bakshish Singh, father of Sardar Amar Singh of Shahkot, under whose 
name has been given some account of this family. Their ancestor, Sardar 
Sujan Singh, son of Amrika, took possession of Shahkot and the neighbour- 
ing territory in 1759 a.d., on the decline of the Mughal Power. The family 
subsequently came under the power of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore. 
The Sardar is the son of the late Sarddr Kharak Singh, who was one of the 
grandsons of Sarddr Sujan Singh. He has a son and heir, named Sundar 
Singh. 

Residence. — Shdhkot, Jdlandhar, Punjab. 

NIL KRISHNA DEB, Mahdrdj Kumdr. 

The title is personal, as the courtesy title of a son of the late Mahdrajd 
Kamal Krishna Deb. 

Residence. — Calcutta, Bengal. 

NILGIRI, RAJA KRISHNA CHANDRA MARDRAJ HART 
CHANDAN, Rdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief 

Born 1827; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 22 nd November 1832. 

Belongs to a Kshatriya (Hindu) family, claiming descent from Narayan Singh 

Bhujang Mandhata Birat Basant Hari Chandan, a scion of the reigning 

House of Chota Nagpur, who married a daughter of Rdjd Pratdp Rudra Deb, 



390 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

Rdjd of Orissa about the commencement of the 15 th century, and founded 
the Nilgiri Raj. From him the present Rdjd is twenty-fifth in descent; 
nearly every successive Rajd bearing the style and titles of Mardrdj Hari 
Chandan, as well as that of Rdjd, which was formally recognised by the 
British government in 1874. The family cognisance is a karaila flower. 
The'area of the State, which is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals, is 278 
square miles; its population is 50,972, chiefly Hindus, but including 6366 
members of various aboriginal tribes, mostly Bhumij. The Raja maintains 
a military force of 1 7 7 infantry. 

Residence. — Nilgiri, Orissa, Bengal. 

NILKANTH GOVIND GOKHALB, Rao Saheb. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Miraj, Bombay. 

NILKANTH JANARDAN KIRTANB, Rao Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 31st October 1879. 
Residence. — Dewas, Central India. 

NILMANI SINGH DEO (of Pachete), Rdjd. 

Born about 1807. The title is personal, and was conferred on 22nd 
November 1861. The Rajas of Pachete in Manbhum, Chota Nagpur, 
Bengal, belong to a family descended from a Rajput foundling, who is said 
to have been suckled by a cow on the Kapila Hill near Jhalda, on the 
western boundary of the district of Mdnbhum. The present Rajd is fifty-ninth 
in descent, and succeeded to the estate on the death of his father, the late Raja 
Garur Nardyan Singh Deo. He has several sons, of whom the eldest and 
heir-apparent is the Kumdr Hari Nardyan Singh, born about 1849. 

Residence. — Mdnbhum, Bengal. 

NIMAI CHAEAN BASU, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. 

Residence. — Balasor, Bengal. 

NIMEHERA, BHUMIA DARIYAO SINGH, Bhumia of. 
A Ruling Chief. 
Born 1861 ; succeeded to \h& gadi as a minor in 1864. Belongs to a 
Bhilala family. The population of the State is about 4600, chiefly Hindus. 
The Bhumia maintains a military force of 2 cavalry and 28 infantry. The 
State is tributary to Dhdr ; and the Bhumia is responsible for the police of 
the road between Dhdr and Sultdnpur. 

Residence. — Tirla, Bhopdwar, Central India. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 391 



NIZAM-UD-DIN. See Muhammad Nizam-ud-din. 

NIZAM-UD-DIN AHMAD, Khdn Bahadur, Munfiz Jang. 

The title is personal, and was conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic, 
and recognised on i6th December 1890. The Khin Bahadur was one of 
the Chief Officers of the last Nawab of the Carnatic. 

Residence. — Madras. 



NIZAM-UD-DIN KHAN (of Mamdot), Nawdb. 

Born 1862. The title is hereditary, and was conferred on 5th December 
1864. The ancestors of the Chiefs of Mamdot, in the Lahore division of 
the Punjab, were Pathins, who came from Kandahar in 1570 A.D., and 
settled at Kasur, south of Lahore. When the Sikhs rose to power they 
experienced great opposition from this Pathan colony. Mahardja Ranjit 
Singh repeatedly attacked Kasur, but without effect; till at last, in 1807, 
Kutb-ud-din, then Chief of Kasur, agreed to retire to the territory of Mamdot, 
which he had recently conquered from the Rai of Raikot. In 1831 Kutb- 
ud-din's nephew, Fateh-ud-din Khan, surprised his uncle, with the connivance 
(it was said) of Ranjit Singh, and drove him out of the country ; and shortly 
afterwards Kutb-ud-din died at Amritsar. The Maharaja Ranjit Singh then 
ousted Fateh-ud-din ; and installed Jamal-ud-din Khan, elder son of Kutb- 
ud-din, in his father's possessions. When the control of the country passed 
to the British Government, Jamal-ud-din, for services rendered during the 
Sutlej campaign, was at first elevated to the position of a Ruling (feudatory) 
Chief. He, however, greatly abused his powers, and was deprived of them 
in 1856, the Mamdot territory being incorporated with the Firuzpur district, 
and in 1863 he died of apoplexy. His younger brother, Jilal-ud-din Khan, 
had been in no way connected with his misgovernment. In the rebellion of 
1848, and again during the Mutiny of 1857, he rendered faithful service to 
Government; so in 1864 he was declared to be the hereditary Nawab of 
Mamdot, to the exclusion of the sons of Jamal-ud-din. In 1870 he was made 
an Honorary Magistrate, and died in 1875. The present Nawab was edu- 
cated at Lahore with the Nawab of Bahawalpur. 

Residence. — Mamdot, Lahore, Punjab. 

NIZAM-UD-DIN KHAN, Khdn Bahadur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 30th April 1872, in recogni- 
tion of very valuable services rendered to the Government during the Mutiny 
of 1857. Belongs to an Afghan family, and is the son of the late Muhammad 
Bakhsh Khan. He was presented by the Lieutenant-Governor of the Punjab 
with a Sword and a Certificate of Honour ; and has been made an Honorary 
Magistrate of Delhi. He has a son and heir, named Ghulam Fakr-ud-din 
Khan. 

Residence. — Delhi, Punjab. 

NOBO. See Nava. 



392 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



NOBO SOPHOH, U. KSON, Seim of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1847 ; succeeded to the. gadi 30th July 1870. The population of 
the State, which is one of the Khdsi and Jaintia Hill States, is about 840, 
consisting of Khasis and Christian converts. 

Residence. — Nobo Sophoh, Khisi Hills, Assam. 

NONGKHLAO, KINB SINGH, Seim of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1843 > succeeded to the^s^z i6th March 1876. Belongs to a Khdsi 
(Christian) family. The population of the State, which is one of the Khdsi 
and Jaintia Hill States, is about 7368, consisting chiefly of Khdsis and 
Christians. 

Residence. — Nongkhlao, Khisi Hills, Assam. 

NONGSPUNG, U. PARBA, Seim of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born i860; succeeded to the gadi nth November 1885. Belongs to a 
Khasi (Christian) family. The population of the State, which is one of the 
Khasi and Jaintia Hill States, is about 1506, consisting of Khasis and 
Christians. 

Residence. — Nongspung, Khdsi Hills, Assam. 

NONGSTOIN, M. SINGH, Seim of 
A Ruling Chief. 
Born 1844 ; succeeded to the gadi 15th May i860. Belongs to a Khdsi 
family. The population of the State, which is one of the Khisi and Jaintia 
Hill States, is 8472, consisting of Khasis and Christians. 
Residence. — Nongstoin, Khisi Hills, Assam. 



NUR JAMAL KHAN, MAULAVI, Shams-ul-Ulama. 

This title was conferred on 2nd January 1888, as a personal distinction, 
for eminence in oriental learning. It entitles him to take rank in Darbdr 
immediately after titular Nawdbs. 

Residence. — Miraj, Bombay. 

NUR MUHAMMAD KHAN, MIR, His Highness. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 24th December 1878, in 
recognition of His Highness's position as the representative of one of the 
ruling Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). 

Residence. — Hyderabad, Sind. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 393 



NTAUNGYWB, SAW ON, K.S.M., Sawbwa of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

The Sawbwa is the Chief of one of the Shan States, Burma, and has 
received the honour of K.S.M. {Kyet Thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min, see 
Introduction, § 6 ; meaning " Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour ") 
from Her Most Gracious Majesty the Empress. The State of Nyaungywe has 
four feudatories — Inleywa, Kyanktal, Letthet, and Thigyit ; and, including 
these dependencies, its area is about 2500 square miles. The population 
consists chiefly of Shans. 

Residence. — Nyaung^ywe, Shan States, Burma. 

OBHOY. See Abhai. 

OKHIL CHUNDER MOOKBRJBA, Rai Bahadur. 
See Akhil Chandra Mukharji. 

ON, MAUNGr, C.I.B., Ahmiidan gaung Tazeik-ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on 6th June 1885. It is indi- 
cated by the letters A.T.M. after the name ; and means " The Recipient of 
the Medal for Good Service." Maung On was created a Companion of the 
Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, ist January 1879. 

Residence. — Rangoon, Burma. 



394 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



ORCHHA, HIS HIGHNESS SARAMAD-I-RAJAHA-I-BUNDEL- 
KHAND, MAHARAJA MAHINDRA SAWAI PRATAP 
SINGH BAHADUR, Mahdrdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1854 ; succeeded to the gadii'~i'i!a. March 1874. Is the head of the 
great Bundela family of Garhwar Rajputs, which has given ruling families to 
Panna, Dattia, Ajaigarh, Charkhdri, Bijdwar, Sarila, Jigni, Jaso, Lughasi, and 
other Chiefships of Bundelkhand. In legendary times the Garhwar Rdjputs 
were ruling at Benares ; and on the subversion of that throne by the Musal- 
mans, Hem Kurn, surnamed Pancham, migrated westward. His son, Bir 
Singh, took the clan name of Bundela, by which his family and the country 
of Bundelkhand has ever since been known, and settled at Mau Mahoni in 
the north-west of that Province in the 13th century a.d. The family extended 
its possessions southward during the next hundred years ; and a descendant 
named Sdnpdl took possession of Kordr, east of Jhdnsi, in the 14th century. 
In 1532 A.D. Rudra Pratdb, then the Chief of the Bundelas, founded Orchha. 
From his younger son, Udyajit, sprang the many families of the Eastern 
Bundelas (Panna, Ajaigarh, etc.) ; whilst Matkur Sah, the elder son, was the 
ancestor of the Chiefs of Orchha, Dattia, and other Western States. His son, 
the Rdjd Bir Singh Deo, was famous in the reigns of the Emperors Akbar 
and Jahdngir, and was the founder of many great public works. Orchha was 
the only State of Bundelkhand that did not fall under the power of the 
Peshwds ; though the Mahrattas succeeded in dismembering it, by conquering 
Jhansi and forming it into a new and ultimately a powerful State. When 
Bundelkhand passed under British control, Rdjd Vikramaditya Mahendra was 
the Chief of Orchha ; and by the treaty of 1 8 1 2 he became a feudatory of 
the British Power. He died in 1834, and, after some disputes, was succeeded 
by Sujan Singh. On the death of the latter his widow adopted Hamir Singh, 
a descendant of the same family; and he was succeeded in 1874 by his 
younger brother, the present Mahdrdja. In 1882 His Highness received the 
additional title of Sawai. The area of the State is 1933 square miles; its 
population 311,514, chiefly Hindus, but including 9560 Muhammadans, and 
7233 Jains. His Highness maintains a military force of 350 cavalry, 4400 
infantry, and 90 guns; and is entitled to a salute of 17 guns (including 2 
guns personal). 

Residence. — Tehri, Bundelkhand, Central India. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 395 



PADAMJI PESTANJI, Khdn Bahddur. 

Born 1820. The title was conferred on 29th May i860, as a personal 
distinction, both on the Khan Bahddur himself and on his father, the late 
Khan Bahddur Pestanji Sorabji, for services during the Mutiny of 1857, and 
generally for services rendered in the conveyance of the Royal mails for a period 
extending over twenty-eight years. The late Khan Bahddur Pestanji Sordbji, 
a respected Parsi gentleman, had charge of the mail service between Bombay 
and Ndgpur, and also other lines reaching to the Madras frontier. The 
Khdn Bahddur Padamji Pestanji has been a Municipal Commissioner for the 
City of Poona (1860-74); was created a First-class Sarddr of the Deccan, 
1872 ; appointed a Member of the Legislative Council of Bombay (1874-76) ; 
is a Fellow of the University of Bombay ; and has been exempted from 
personal attendance in Civil Courts. Has founded and maintained three 
Dharmsdlas (rest-houses for poor travellers), a charitable dispensary school, 
and some other benevolent and religious institutions. Has four sons — 
Dordbji, born 1838; Naoroji, born 1841 ; Sordbji, born 1855; Bairdmji, 
born i860. 

Residence. — Bhawdnipet, Poona, Bombay. 



PADMAN SINGH, THAKUR (of Khariar), Rdjd. 

The title was conferred on i6th February 1887, as a personal distinction, 
on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Khariar, Raipur, Central Provinces. 



PADMANAND SINGH (of BaneU), Rdjd Bahddur. 

The title was conferred on 2nd January 1888, as a personal distinction, 
on his succeeding his father, the late Rajd Lila Nanda Singh Bahddur. The 
great-grandfather of the present Rdjd, Dular Singh, received the title of Rdjd 
Bahddur for services rendered to the British Government in the Nepdl war. 
Rdjd Dular Singh died in 1821 ; and the title was continued to his son, 
Rdjd Bidya Nanda Singh. The latter died in 1851, and the title was in like 
manner continued to his son, Rdjd Lila Nanda Singh, the father of the 
present Rdjd, as a personal distinction. 

Residence. — Pumiah, Bengal. 



PAHAR SINGH (of Narhat), Rao. 

Born 1854. The title is hereditary. The Rao is descended from the 
illustrious family of the Bundela Rdjputs that has given its name to the 
Province of Bundelkhand, and ruling Houses to most of the States of 
Bundelkhand, including Orchha, Panna, Dattia, etc. {q.v^ The Narhat 
family is an offshoot of that of the Rdjd Sarddr Singh Bahddur of Katehra 
(^.w.) In 1 85 1 Rao Bakht Bdli, father of the present Rao, was in possession 
of the estate. 

Residence. — Narhat, Lalitpur, North-Western Provinces. 



396 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

PAHARI BANKA, DIWAN MIHRBAN SINGH, Diwdn of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Succeeded to the gadi 14th November 1890. Belongs to the great 
Bundela Rdjput family, the head of which is the Maharajd of Orchha {q.v.). 
Rai Singh, a descendant of the youngest son of Bir Singh Deo, held from his 
kinsman, the Chief of Orchha, the Burdgdon jdgir, and this he divided 
among his eight sons — whence the States so formed were called the 
Hashtbhdya Jdgtrs, or " Appanages of the eight brothers." Only four of 
these now exist — Dhurwai, Bijna, Tori, and last Pahdri Banka, which was 
given to Umed Singh, the youngest son of Rai Singh. His great-grandson, 
the Diwdn Ishri Singh, obtained a sanad from the British Government in 
1823 confirming him in the possession of this State. He was succeeded by 
the Diwdn Bijai Bahadur; who was in turn followed by the late Diwdn 
Piydriju, father of the present Diwdn. The area of the State is about 5 
square miles ; its population is 1094, chiefly Hindus. The Diwdn maintains 
a military force of 20 men. 

Residence. — Pahdri Banka, Bundelkhand, Central India. 



PAHRA, CHAUBB RADHA CHARAN, /%-2>-^ir ^/ 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 17th August 1856; succeeded to the gadi 14th January 1868. 
Belongs to a Chaub^ Brdhman Hindu family, claiming descent from Ram 
Krishna Chaub^, Kildddr (Governor of the Fortress) of Kdlinjar, from whom 
descend also the other three branches of " the Kdlinjar Chaubes," viz. the 
Chiefs of Paldeo, Taraon, and Bhaisaunda (q.v!) His son, Salig Ram, 
received a sanad from the British Government, confirming him in the pos- 
session of Pahra. His great-grandson is the present /dgirddr. The area of 
the State is 10 square miles; its population is 4016, chiefly Hindus. The 
Chief maintains a military force of 12 cavalry, 100 infantry, and 2 guns. 

Residence. — Pahra, Bundelkhand, Central India. 



PAINTIPUR, Rdjd of. See Muhammad Kazim Husain Khdn. 



PAL, JAREJA RATAN SINGH, Tdlukddr of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1841 ; succeeded to the gadi 25th October 1879. Belongs to a 
Rdjput (Hindu) family, of the Jareja clan. The State, which is tributary to 
Baroda and Jundgarh, has an area of 2 1 square miles, and a population of 
1214, chiefly Hindus. The Tdlukddr maintains a military force of 2 cavalry 
and 16 infantry. 

Residence. — Pal, Kdthidwdr, Bombay. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 397 



PAL LAHARA, RAJA GANBSHWAR PAL, Rdjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1884; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 30th August il 
Belongs to a Kshatriya (Rajput Hindu) family, claiming descent from Raja 
Santosh Pal, alias Pat Ganeshwar Pal. Twenty-two generations have inter- 
vened, in regular descent from father to son, between the founder of the 
family and the present Raja, each Rajd receiving alternately either the style 
of " Pat Ganeshwar Pal " or " Pat Muni Pal." The late Raja, Chintamani 
Pdl, was styled "Pat Muni Pal"; he succeeded to the gadi in i860. The 
State had for a long time been included in that of Keunjhar, the Raja having 
been treated as a feudatory of Keunjhar. But this caused many feuds, and 
Pal Lahara was at length declared a British feudatory, independent of 
Keunjhar. The late Pat Muni Pal rendered distinguished services during 
the operations for the suppression of the Keunjhar rebelUon in 1867-68, 
and received as a reward the title of Raja Bahadur as a personal distinction. 
He died in 1888, and was succeeded by the present Rdja, styled in turn Pat 
Ganeshwar PaL The family cognisance or crest is the cobra or hooded 
snake. The area of the State, which is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals, 
is 452 square miles; its population is 14,887, chiefly Hindus. The Raja 
maintains a military force of 94 infantry. 

Residence. — Pdl Lahara, Orissa, Bengal. 

PALAJ, THAEUR DAULAT SINGH, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1878 ; succeeded to the gadi as a minor. The State has a popula- 
tion of 1 701. The Thakur belongs to a Koli (aboriginal) family. 
Residence. — Palaj, Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay. 

PALANJI RATANJI, Khdn Saheb. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on i8th August 1881. 
Residence. — Surat, Bombay. 

PALANPUR, HIS HIGHNESS SIR SHER MUHAMMAD 

KHAN, LOHANI, K.C.I.E., Diwdn of 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1852; succeeded to the gadi 19th September 1877. Belongs to 
an Afghan family of the Lohani clan, whose ancestors occupied Behar in the 
time of the Emperor Humayun. Ghazni Khan, the Chief, obtained the title 
of Diwan from the Emperor Akbar in 1597, for successfully repelling an 
invasion of Afghans, and he was also made Governor of Lahore. His 
descendant in 1682 received the Province of Jhalod (including Palanpur, 
Disa, and other districts) from the Emperor Aurangzeb ; but in 1698 his 
successor was driven westward by the Rahtor Rajputs of Marwar, and settled 
in Palanpur, where the family has ever since remained. In 1809 the State 
came under British control. In 1812 the Diwan Firoz Khan was murdered 
by his Sindi guards ; his son, Diwan Fateh Singh, was reinstated by British 



398 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

troops under General Holmes, but was ultimately removed from the chiefship 
for maladministration. The late Diwdn Zordwar Khdn was granted the 
additional title of "His Excellency"; he succeeded to the gadi in 1854, 
and dying in 1877 was succeeded by his son, the present Diwan. The 
family banner is crimson, with a bordure vert. The area of the State is 3150 
square miles, with a population of 236,461, chiefly Hindus, but including 
27,256 Muhammadans. His Highness the Diwin maintains a military force 
of 294 cavalry, 697 infantry, and 80 guns, and is entitled to a salute of 
1 1 guns. Created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the 
Indian Empire, 2nd January 1893. 
Residence. — Pdlanpur, Bombay. 

PALASNI, THAKUE JITSINGHJI, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1864. Belongs to a Rdjput (Hindu) family. The area of the 
State, which is tributary to Baroda, is about 6 square miles. 
Residence. — Palasni, Rewd Kdntha, Bombay. 

PALASVIHIR, NAIK NAWSA walad FIEIA, Chief of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1830. Belongs to a Bhil (aboriginal tribe) family. The area of 
the State, which is one of the Dang States of Khandesh, is about 2 square 
miles; its population about 220, chiefly Bhils. 

Residence. — Palasvihir, Khdndesh, Bombay. 

PALDEO, RAO CHAUBB ANRUDH SINGH, Jdgirddr of 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born i8th October 1837; succeeded to the gadi 2nd April 1874. 
Belongs to the Chaubd Brahman family, known as the " Kalinjar Chaubd 
Jagirdars," of whom there are now four Ruling Chiefs — those of Paldeo, 
Taraon, Bhaisaunda, and Pahra (^.k) Descended from Chaube Ram 
Krishna, who was kildddr (Governor of the Fortress) of the ancient and 
famous fort of Kdlinjar under the Chief of Panna. His sons successfully 
defended the fort against AH Bahadur, who died in the attempt to take it. 
At a later period the family held the fort for some time against British 
troops ; but ultimately they came to terms, and received Kdhnjar and some 
territory around it as a jdgir. Subsequently the Government resumed the 
fort of Kdlinjar, giving the four brothers of the Chaubd family the four States 
named above, as feudatory /i^zW, in exchange. Thus Baldeo Singh became 
the first Jdgirdar of Paldeo, and his son, Dariao Singh, received a sanad from 
the British Government. The present jdgirdar is fifth in descent from him ; 
and at the Imperial Assemblage of Delhi in January 1877, on the occasion 
of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India, he 
received the title of Rao as a personal distinction. The area of the State is 
28 square miles ; its population is 8824, chiefly Hindus. The Rao maintains 
a military force of 10 cavalry, 200 infantry, and 3 guns. 

Residence. — Paldeo, Bundelkhand, Central India. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 399 

PALITANA, THAKUR SAHBB MANSINGHJI, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1863; succeeded to the gadi 24th November 1885. Belongs to 
the same family of Gohel Rdjputs as that of His Highness the Mahdrajd, of 
Bhaunagar; descended from ancestors who were driven out of Marwar in 
Rdjputana by the Rdhtors in the 12th century. The late Thakur Saheb 
Sursinghji succeeded to 'Caz gadi on 1st June i860, and dying in 1885, was 
succeeded by his eldest son, the present Thdkur. The State is famous for 
the greatest of all the sacred hills of the Jains, Satrunjaya, which is covered 
with a very large number of magnificent Jain temples. The area of the 
State is 289 square miles; its population is 49,271, chiefly Hindus, but 
including 3581 Muhammadans. The Thakur Saheb maintains a military 
force of 74 cavalry, 401 infantry, and 7 guns, and is entitled to a salute of 
9 guns. 

Residence. — Pdlitdna, Kdthidwdr, Bombay. 

PANCHAM SINGH, Rao. 

Born 31st May i860. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Bundela 
Rajput family; descended from Partabju, who in early times founded the 
village of Swasa in Panwari, and obtained from the Raja Jagat Raj of Jaitpur 
(son of the Bundela Maharaja Chhatarsal — see Ajaigarh) a grant of the village 
with the title of Rao. The Rao has a son and heir, named Bhopal Singh. 

Residence. — Swasa, Panw&i, Hamirpur, North- Western Provinces. 



PANGHANAN BANAEJI, Rai Bahddur. 

The title was conferred on 2nd April 1874, as a personal distinction, in 
recognition of long and meritorious services to the State in the Judicial 
Department. The Rai Bahadur was formerly Judge of the Small Cause 
Courts at Hugli, Serampur, and Howrah. 

Residence. — Hugli, Bengal. 



PANDURANG HARI VAIDYA, Rao Bahddur. 

The title was conferred on 24th May 1883, as a personal distinction. 
Residence. — Ratnagiri, Bombay. 



PANDURANG RAO TANTIA GOREY, Rai Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1878. 
Residence. — Dewas, Central India. 



400 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



PANGANUB, SUGATUR YIMMIDI SANKARA PAYAL 
YESUNATH, BAHADUR, C.I.E., Zaminddr of. 

Born ist January 1830; succeeded as Zaminddr of Panganur on 6th 
July 1847. His ancestor in the isth century held the village of Sugatur 
under the Rijds of Vijayanagar. Later on the family founded the town of 
Kolar in Mysore, now famous for its gold mines, and acquired considerable 
territory in that neighbourhood. In the i6th century two brothers divided 
the estates between them ; and by this partition the ancestor of the present 
Zaminddr acquired Kolir and Sugatur. Later on the family extended its 
influence in the direction of Cuddapah (Kadapa), and Panganur was seized 
and fortified, and this and other acquisitions were held under the Nawdbs of 
Cuddapah. In 1757 a.d. the Mahrattas overran the Zaminddri, half of 
which was ceded to them. The Zaminddr subsequently became subject to 
Haidar Ali of Mysore, and passed under British control on the conquest of 
that dynasty. The Zaminddr has two sons — Raje Sugatur Yimmidi Vira 
Basavanna Payal Yesunath Bahadur Varu, and Raje Sugatur Yimmidi 
Kumdra Chikkara Payal Yesunath Bahadur Varu. The family banner bears 
the device of a bull. The Zaminddr was created a Companion of the Most 
Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on ist January 1884. 

Residence. — Panganur, North Arcot, Madras. 



PANJAB SINGH (of Dhandwal), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary. The Sardar is brother of Sardar Partab Singh of 
Dhandwal (^.w.) ; belongs to a Jat family of Sikhs, whose founder, Sarddr Mdn 
Singh, conquered territory on both sides of the Sutlej in the year 1759 a.d. 
His son, Sardar Joga Singh, was succeeded in turn by his son, Sarddr Chanda 
Singh, the father of the Sarddrs Partdb Singh, Panjdb Singh, and Sher Singh, 
all of Dhandwal. 

Residence. — Dhandwal, Hoshidrpur, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 401 



PANNA, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAJA MAHINDRA SIR 
RUBRA PRATAP SINGH MAHINDAR BAHADUR, K.C.S.I., 

Mahdrdjd of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Bom loth July 1848 ; succeeded to the gadi 9th June 1870. Belongs 
to the great Bundela Rajput family, of which His Highness the Maharaja of 
Orchha {q.v^ is the senior representative, and of which junior branches are 
the ruling families in Dattia, Garrauli, Lughasi {q.v^, and many other States 
in Bundelkhand, which Province takes its name from this clan. The Panna 
House is descended from Udyajit, younger son of Rudra Pratab, the Bundela 
founder of the Orchha State. Udyajit's grandson, Champat Rai, made him- 
self independent both of Orchha and of the Musalmans ; and his son, the 
Maharaja Chhatrasal, acquired very extensive dominions in Eastern and 
Northern Bundelkhand. His eldest son, Hardi Sah, became Chief of Panna, 
while his second son was the ancestor of the Chiefs of Ajaigarh, Charkhari, 
Bijawar, and Sarila ; his third son was the ancestor of the Jigni family, and 
his fourth son the ancestor of the Jasu Chiefs. Hardi Sah's son was named 
Sobha Singh, and under his rule and that of his two successors the power 
and extent of the State were diminished by frequent wars, and the setting-up 
of independent chieftainships within its borders. The great - grandson of 
Sobha Singh was named Kishor Singh, and he obtained a sanad from the 
British Government in 1807. The late Maharaja rendered valuable services 
during the Mutiny of 1857; in reward for which he obtained a handsome 
khilat, the privilege of adoption, and a personal salute of 13 guns. The 
present Maharaja succeeded in 1870; and in 1876 was invested with the 
insignia of a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of 
India by His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. The area of the State is 
2568 square miles; its population is 227,306, chiefly Hindus, but including 
5989 Muhammadans and 16,690 belonging to various aboriginal tribes. It 
is famous as producing the largest supply of diamonds of any district in India 
in modern times. His Highness maintains a military force of 165 cavalry, 
1 157 infantry, 36 guns,' and is entitled to a salute of 13 guns (including 2 
guns personal). 

Residence. — Panna, Bundelkhand, Central India. 



402 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



PANNA LAL, MBHTA, C.I.B., Rat, His Excellency. 
Prime Minister of Udaipur. 

Born August 1843. The title of Rai was conferred on ist January 1877, 
as a personal distinction, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most 
Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. The title of " His Excellency " is 
the courtesy title of the Rai as Prime Minister of the State of Udaipur, 
Rajputana. Belongs to a family that long occupied a position of influence 
in Bikanir, Rajputana, and that first acquired the designation of " Mehta " 
from an ancestor, Kuram Chand becoming, some centuries ago. Prime 
Minister of the State of Bikanir. Kuram Chand, Mehta, also received a 
jdgir and honours from the Emperor of Delhi. Towards the end of the 
1 6th century a grandson of Kuram Chand, Mehta, moved to Udaipur, and 
settled there ; and his descendants, Agarji Mehta and Hunsrajji Mehta, rose 
to high office under the Maharana Ari Singhji in 1762 a.d., receiving charge 
of the fort and district of Mandalgarh in Mewar. Three of the descendants 
of Agarji Mehta have been Prime Ministers of Udaipur before the present 
Rai, namely, Devi Chand, Sher Singh, and Gokul Chand. The Mehta 
Murali Dhar, father of the Rai, died in 1886. The Rai was created a Com- 
panion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire in 1887. In 1858 
he married the daughter of Rai Chhagan Lai, and has issue, a son and heir, 
Kunwar Fateh Lai Mehta, born 1868, and educated at the Ajmir College. 

Residence. — Udaipur, Rijputdna. 



PANTH PIPLODA, NARAYAN RAO JANARDHAN, Chief of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1869; succeeded to the gadi in 1887. Belongs to a Deccan 
Brahman family, and is a co-sharer in the Chiefship of this State with Pandit 
Gopal Rao Narayan. The population of the State is 4086, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Panth Piploda, Western Milw£, Central India. 

PANTH PIPLODA, PANDIT GOPAL RAO NARAYAN, Chief of 

A Ruling Chief 

Born 1838; succeeded to \ht gadi as a minor in 1850. Belongs to a 
Deccan Brahman family, and is a co-sharer in the Chiefship of this State 
with Narayan Rao Janardhan. The population of the State is 4086, chiefly 
Hindus. 

Residence. — Panth Piploda, Western Mdlwd, Central India. 



PAP SINGH (of Hardoi), Rdfd. 

Born 4th June 18 13. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Sengar 
Rajput family (see Raghbir Singh, Raja of Rura), claiming descent from 
Saran Deo, who obtained the title of Raja with ih^ jdgir of Sahao, about the 
year 1095 a.d., and whose descendants are said to have remained in possession 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 403 

until the Bundela invasion of the Mahdrajd Chhatar Sal. One of these, the 
Raja Gokul Chand, obtained a jdgir from the Peshwa when the latter con- 
quered Jalaun ; but on refusing to pay quit-rent he was ejected by Govind 
Rao Pandit, who ultimately conferred on him the jdgir of Hardoi in Jalaun. 
The Raja has a son and heir, Kunwar Nirand Singh. 
Residence. — Hardoi, Jalaun, North-Western Provinces. 



PARAN CHANDRA BOSE, Rai Bahddur. 

Has rendered good service as Honorary Magistrate of the Maniktaal 
Municipal Bench in the Twenty-Parganas. Received the title as a personal 
distinction, 25th May 1892. 

Residence. — Calcutta. 



PARAPANAD, Valiya Rdjd of. See Raja Raja Varma Raja, Rdjd. 



PARBAL PARTAB SINGH (of Malhajini), Rdjd. 

Born 20th August 1867. The title is hereditary. The Raja is Chief of 
the Parihar clan of Rajputs ; descended from Mahip Singh, who came from 
Jagni near Mahoba, and settled in the district of Etawah about seventy-five 
years ago. The Parihars are a small clan of Rajputs, occupying the lands 
between the rivers Kuari and Chambal, which under the name Parihara 
formed a portion of Sarkar Trichh in the time of the Emperor Akbar. They 
were notorious for their lawless character, and for harbouring gangs of Thags 
and Dakaits. Their great ancestor was Bilan Deo, from whom the seventh 
in descent was Nahar Deo. On the defeat of Anang Pal of Delhi in the 
nth century the Chief of the Parihars, Sumit Rai, fled to the wild region of 
the Panchnadi and colonised it, giving it the name Parihara. Raja Mahipat 
Singh, who died about 1857, was succeeded by his son. Raja Bijai Singh, 
who married a daughter of the Raja of Bhinga. He died in 1867, and was 
succeeded by his son, the present Raja, then a minor, the estate being under 
the Court of Wards till 1888. The Raja was educated at the Etawah High 
School. He married the second daughter of the Raja Sheopal Singh {q.v.) 
of Murarmau, in the Rai Bareli district of Oudh, the Chief of the Bais Tilok- 
chandi clan. The title of Raja was recognised as hereditary in 1889. 

Residence. — Malhajini, Etawah, North-Westem Provinces. 



PARBHUDAS KISHANDAS MODI, Rao Bahddur. 

Born 4th October 1831. The title was conferred on 26th June 1884, as 
a personal distinction, for long and meritorious service in the Government 
Service, in which he attained to the rank of Acting Assistant Accountant- 
General of Bombay. He entered the Service in April 1851, and retired with 
a good-service pension in April 1888, having greatly distinguished himself. 
The Rao Bahadur has been thrice married — (i) in March 1848, to Jamnabai, 
daughter of Kasidas Ramdas, Esq., of Surat ; she died in 1859: (2) in 



404 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

February 1865, to Jamnabai, daughter of Gaurdhandas Premanand, Esq., of 
Baroda; she died in 1877 : (3) in March 1878, to Prankorbai, daughter of 
Vithaldas Farukhsiyardas, Esq., of Dharangaon, Khandesh. The Rao 
Bahadur has adopted (in May 1886) a son, named Nagindas Parbhudas 
Kishandas Modi, born in 1878. The Rao Bahadur belongs to a Jadavbansi 
Hallai Bhattia family, and was educated at Surat. He was appointed a 
Justice of the Peace for Bombay in 1890. 
Residence. — Bombay. 

PARDUMAN SINGH (of RAmgarh), Midn. 

The title is hereditary, the Mian being the eldest son of Sardar Ranjit 
Singh of Ramgarh in the Ambala district. Belongs to a Rajput family, 
claiming immediate descent from the Rajas of Kahlur (g-t).') or Bilaspur. 
Raja Singar Chand, Raja of Bilaspur, had two sons, the elder of whom, 
Megh Chand, inherited his father's RAj, while the younger, Kalal Chand, was 
the ancestor of the Ramgarh Sardars. Tenth in descent from him was Surat 
Singh, whose son, Khusal Singh, with three brothers, joined the Nahan Raja 
in making large conquests, out of which they were permitted to retain Ram- 
garh. The three brothers died without issue. Khusal Singh built a fort at 
Ramgarh, and his two sons, the Sardars Maldeo Singh and Nariyan Das 
Singh, on his death divided his lands between them. One of the grandsons 
of Sardar Maldeo Singh was Sardar Ranjit Singh of Rdmgarh, who was a 
jdgirddr Magistrate in the Ambala district, and father of Mian Parduman 
Singh. 

Residence. — Ramgarh, Ambdia, Punjab. 

PARIKUD, Rdjd of. See Gaur Chander. 

PARON, RAJA GAJANDHAR SINGH, Jidjd of. 
A Ruling Chief. 
Born 1869; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 31st December 1882. 
Belongs to the illustrious family of the Chiefs of the great Kachhwaha clan of 
Rajputs, from which springs the family of His Highness the Maharaja of 
Jaipur ; claiming descent from the second son of the legendary Solar hero, 
Rama, and from the ancient Hindu Emperors of Ajudhya of the Surjya 
Vansa or Solar dynasty. According to the Rajput chronicles the seventy- 
second in descent from Rama was the Raja Nala, the hero of the famous 
Sanskrit poem of Ndla and Ddmdydnti, who migrated westward (possibly in 
the 3rd century), and founded the city of Narwar and the kingdom (re- 
nowned in classical story) of Nishidha. One of the sons of Sora Singh, 
Thakur of Narwar, thirty-third in descent from Raja Nala, was Dhola Rai, 
who became the founder of the great State of Dhundar in Rajputana, better 
known as Jaipur. The Kachhwaha Thakurs of Narwar, however, with an ex- 
perience probably unique in Indian history, seem to have continued in pos- 
session of that place from the semi-legendary times of the Raja Nala, through 
all the vicissitudes of the Hindu, Pathan, and Mughal periods of domination, 
right down to the time of the Mahrattas. At the commencement of the 
present century the Thakur Madhu Singh, of the line of Nala, was still in 
possession of Narwar, his family having held it during the lapse of at least 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 40S 

fifteen centuries. But at last Madhu Singh was driven out by Daulat Rao 
Sindhia, and revenged himself by continually raiding and plundering in the 
territory of Gwalior. In 1818 Madhu Singh was taken under British protec- 
tion, and granted the State of Paron as a feudatory of Gwalior, on condition 
of protecting the Gwalior territory from robbers. In 1857 Madhu Singh's 
successor, Raja Man Singh, at first joined the mutineers, but iri 1859 he 
surrendered, under promise of being amnestied. Subsequently he rendered 
valuable service to the Government in connection with the capture of Tantia 
Topi, and was granted an increase of territory, with a pension. In 1883 
Raja Man Singh died, and was succeeded by his son, the present Raja, then 
a minor. The population of the State is 7328, chiefly Hindus; it contains 
about thirty-four villages, of which the town of Paron is the chief. 
Residence. — Paron, Guna, Central India. 

PARTAB. See Pratap. 

PARTAB BAHADUR SINGH (of Katari), Rdjd. 

Born loth March 1874. The title is hereditary, having been so recog- 
nised in 1864. Belongs to the important Kanhpuria family of Rajputs, of 
whom the Raja Surpal Singh Bahadur (^.w.) is the chief. The great ancestor 
of the Kanhpurias was Kanh, from whose second son, Rahas, was descended 
Balbhaddar Singh, the progenitor of the Rajas of Katari. The late Raja 
Sarnam Singh died childless in February 1869, leaving the estate to his widow. 
Rani Harnath Kunwar, for life, with power to nominate an heir. She died on 
5th May 1886, having left the estate to the present Raja, who was one of 
the nearest male relatives of Raja Sarnam Singh, being a descendant of 
Barwand Singh, Raja Sarnam Singh's uncle. 

Residence. — Katiri, Sult^npur, Oudh. 

PARTAB BAHADUR SINGH (of Tiraul), Rdjd. 

Succeeded to the title in 1889. The title was conferred on ist January 
1877, as a personal distinction, on the present Raja's grandfather, the late 
Raja Ajit Singh of Tiraul, in recognition of his signal services during the 
Mutiny of 1859; and in 1888 the personal title was ordered to be for two 
generations, i.e. for the Raja Ajit Singh and his successor. Belongs to the 
very ancient Sombansi Rajput family of the old Rajas of Partabgarh, being 
descended from Sujan Sah, a younger son of the Raja Sangram Sah of Partab- 
garh. During the Mutiny of 1857, when the Raja Gulab Singh of Tiraul 
refused to receive the fugitives from Sultanpur, his nephew, Ajit Singh, then 
of Mallupur, took them into his fort, protected them for many days, and 
then escorted them himself, with as many followers as he could command, to 
Allahabad. For this his house and property were sacked by the rebels, and 
he had to flee from Oudh. He continued loyally to render good services 
throughout the period of the disturbances, and at the restoration of order 
received all the Tiraul estates, with a khilat, and ultimately with the title of 
Raja. He was an Honorary Magistrate, and had the powers of an Assistant 
Collector. He died in 1889, and was succeeded (under the orders of iJ 
by his grandson, the present Raja. 

Residence. — Tiraul, Partdbgarh, Oudh. 



406 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

PARTAB BAHADUR SINGH (of Kurwdr), Rdjd. 

Born 31st August 1876. The title is hereditary, having been so recog- 
nised in December 1864. The Raja is the chief representative of the great 
Hindu Bachgoti sept of the illustrious Chauhan clan of Rajputs, claiming 
descent from Chahir Deo, brother of the renowned Prithvi Raj, last Chauhan 
Emperor of Delhi and Ajmir. His descendant, Bariar Singh, fled from the 
wrath of the Emperor Ala-ud-din Khilji, and, wandering eastward, settled in 
the Sultanpur district. He married the daughter of Raja Ram Deo, the 
Bilkharia Rdja of Patti, and ultimately ousting his brother-in-law, seized the 
estate and the famous fort of Kot Bilkhar. He was succeeded at Kot 
Bilkhar by his youngest son. Raj Singh, who had three sons, of whom the 
second, Rup Singh, became the ancestor of the Hindu Bachgoti Rajds of 
Kurwar and of the Musalman Bachgoti Rajas of Hasanpur (see Muhammad 
All Khdn, Rdja of Hasanpur). The late Rdja Madho Pratab Singh of Kur- 
war died without heirs, and left the estate to his widow, Rani Kishnath 
Kunwar. She adopted the present Raja, and left him the estate on her 
death in June 1885. He is a minor, the estate being under the Court of 
Wards, and is being educated at the Wards' College, Agra. 

Residence. — Sultinpur, Oudh. 

PARTAB CHAND, Rai Bahadur. 

Is an eminent Banker of Allahabad. Received the title as a personal 
distinction on 25th May 1892. 

Residence. — Allahabad, North-Western Provinces. 

PARTAB NARAYAN SINGH (of Mahdauna), The Hon. Rdjd, 
Mahdrdjd Bahddur. 

Born 13th July 1855. The first title (Raja) is hereditary, the second 
(Maharaji) is personal, .and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. The 
Mahardja is the grandson and successor of the famous Maharajd, Min Singh 
of Mahdauna, one of the most prominent of the Oudh Talukdars during the 
Mutiny of 1857. Belongs to a Sankaldip (or Ceylon) Brahman family, 
whose founder, Sadasukh Pathak, was Chaudhri of Bhojpur. His great- 
grandson, Bakhtiwar Singh, commenced life as a trooper in the 8th Light 
Cavalry. He attracted, when on leave at Lucknow, the notice of the Nawab 
Saadat Ali Khdn, who obtained his discharge, and appointed him a jamaddr, 
and afterwards a risalddr. He was still further advanced by the succeeding 
Kings of Oudh, and z.farmdn of King Muhammad Ali Shdh conferred upon 
him the Raj of Mahdauna, with the title of Rdja and the rank of premier 
Raja in Oudh. He was the King's Muhtamin, or Quartermaster-General of 
the Resident's camp, and in 1 849 accompanied Sir William Sleeman on his 
memorable tour through Oudh. Raja Bakhtawar Singh's younger brother, 
Darshan Singh, was in 1827 appointed Ndzim of Sultanpur and Faizabad, 
with the titles of Raja Bahadur and Saltanat Bahddur. Darshan Singh died 
in 1844, and in 1845 his youngest son, the late Mahirajd Man Singh 
(mentioned above, the grandfather of the present Maharaja), was appointed 
Ndzim of Daryabad, Rudauli, and Sultdnpur. He obtained from the King 
of Oudh the title of Raja Bahadur for capturing a revenue defaulter of 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 407 

Surdjpur, and that of Saltanat Bahadur for arresting a notorious bandit. 
Sleeman narrates at length how Rija Man Singh " removed " Harpdl Singh, 
Gargbansi of Maniarpur, for which feat he was known as Kaim Jang ("Stead- 
fast in war"). In 1855 Rdja Bakhtawar Singh died childless, leaving his 
large estates to his nephew and adopted son, Rajd Man Singh. After the 
annexation Rdja Man Singh was deprived of his estate as a defaulter in the 
payment of the revenue. During the Mutiny he saved the lives of a very 
large number of European refugees, and though at first for a time he took 
part with the rebels, he subsequently strenuously assisted the Government in 
the suppression of the Mutiny and the restoration of order. For these 
services he obtained the title of Maharaja Bahddur, and the grant of the ex- 
tensive confiscated estates of the Rdja of Gonda. In r869 he was created a 
Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, and died 
in his fiftieth year, on nth October 1870, and was succeeded by his widow, 
the Maharani Sobhao Kunwdr. In 1875 '^^ Maharani appointed another 
heir, but, after much litigation, the Privy Council decided in favour of the 
succession of the present Mahdrdja, who is the son of Narsingh Nardyan 
Singh of Ajudhya by a daughter of the late Mahdrdjd. He ranks third 
among the Barons of Oudh, and at present enjoys the title of Honourable, as 
a Member of the Legislative Council of the North- Western Provinces and 
Oudh. 

Residence. — Shdhganj, Faizaiiad, Oudh. 

PARTAB SINGH (of Ghanauli), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary, the Sarddr, with his brother Sarddr Uttam Singh 
of Ghanauli, being representative of one branch of the family of Sikh Sarddrs 
descended from Sardar Khushal Singh, who seized the town of Jalandhar, 
and conquered Ghanauli and other territories in the Cis-Sutlej States in 
1756 A.D. He was succeeded by his two sons, the Sarddrs Budh Singh and 
Sudh Singh, of whom the latter died childless, and the former had six sons, 
whose sons are at present the Sarddrs of Ghanauli, Manauli, Bhunga, and 
Kardaula. Sardar Partdb Singh of Ghanauli is a son of the late Sardar 
Bhopdl Singh, who was the second son of Sarddr Budh Singh. The family 
lost their Trans-Sutlej possessions to the Mahdrdjd Ranjit Singh; for their 
Cis-Sutlej possession they came under British control with the other Cis- 
Sutlej Chiefs. They rendered valuable services during the Mutiny of 1857, 
and received as a reward large remissions of the commutation tax. 

Residence. — Ghanauli, Ambdla, Punjab. 

PARTAB SINGH (of Manak Majra), Sarddr. 

Bom r85o. The title is hereditary. The Sardar belongs to a Jat family 
of Sikh Sarddrs, descended from Sarddr Ram Singh, who acquired the terri- 
tory of Buner and other lands by conquest in 1751 a.d. His son was the 
Sarddr Ranjit Singh, two of whose grandsons were the late Sarddr Basawa 
Singh and the Sarddr Bhagwdn Singh (^.w.) Sardar Basawa Singh's two sons 
are the Sardar Partdb Singh of Manak Majra, and his younger brother Sarddr 
Nardyan Singh. The family has rendered good service to the British Govern- 
ment during the Gurkha Campaign, the first Sikh war, and the Mutiny of 
1857. 

Residence. — Manak Majra, Ambdla, Punjab. 



4o8 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 



PAETAB SINGH (of Midnpur), Sarddr. 

Born 1846. The title is hereditary, the Sardar being the representative 
of a Kshatriya family of Fatehabad and Verowal on the Biis, descended from 
Lala Jaswant Rai. His grandson, Sarddr Gurdit Singh, acquired Mianpur 
by conquest in the last century, and, dying in 1791 A.D., was succeeded by 
his son, Sarddr Dal Singh. The eldest son of the latter was Sarddr Diwdn 
Singh, father of Sardar Partdb Singh ; whilst the descendants of the second 
son, Sarddr Ram Singh, hold jdgirs in Una territory, Hoshiarpur district ; 
and the third son, Sardar Kharak Singh, died without issue. Sardar Diwdn 
Singh rendered good service in the war of 1845-46, and was himself present 
at the battle of Firuzshahr, as well as during the Mutiny of 1857, for which 
services the family received permanent benefits in the way of remissions of 
commutation tax. Sardar Partab Singh has a son and heir, Sardar Shamsher 
Singh. 

Residence. — Midnpur, Ambdla, Punjab. 

PARTAB SINGH (of Dhandwal), Sarddr. 

Born 1820. The title is hereditary. The Sardar is brother of Sardar 
Panjab Singh of Dhandwal (^.w.) ; belongs to a Jat family of Sikhs, whose 
founder, Sardar Man Singh, conquered territory on both sides of the Sutlej 
in the year 1759 a.d. His son, Sarddr Joga Singh, was succeeded in turn 
by his son, Sardar Chanda Singh, the father of the Sardars Partab Singh, 
Chet Singh, Panjab Singh, and Sher Singh (^.».) 

Residence. — Dhandwal, Hosliid.rpur, Punjab. 

PARTAB SINGH (of AlawAlpur), Sarddr. 

The title is hereditary. The Sardar is the brother of Sardar Ajit Singh 
{q.v.) Belongs to a Bais Jat family, descended from Chaudhri Gulab Rai, 
who was the Chaudhri of the Maloha ildka in the Ndbha State. His son, 
Sardar Himiriat Singh, first distinguished himself in the service of the 
Phulkian Chiefs, from whom he received grants of land. In 1808 a.d. he 
was appointed Agent of the Ndbha State, to attend on the Maharajd Ranjit 
Singh of Lahore, and in 1 8 1 2 a.d. entered the latter's service, in which he 
soon rose to the greatest eminence, obtaining from time to time extensive 
jdgirs, including that of the Alawalpur ildka. Sardar Himmat was present at 
the conquest of Multan. His elder son, Sardar Albel Singh, obtained a 
large jdgir on the reduction of Nalkhera. He was wounded in the Tiri 
campaign, and died in 1822, in the lifetime of his father. Sardar Himmat 
Singh died in 1826, and the Maharaja resumed most of his jdgirs, except 
the Alawalpur and Dhogri ildkas, which he divided equally between Sarddr 
Achal Singh (son of the deceased Sardar Albel Singh) and Sardar Kishan 
Singh, the younger son of Himmat Singh. The son of Sarddr Kishan Singh, 
Sardar Basawa Singh, died without issue. Sardar Achal Singh joined Sardar 
Ranjodh Singh of Majithia against the British in the first Sikh war, but sub- 
sequently rendered good service. He died in 1857, and was succeeded by 
his two sons, Sardar Ajit Singh {q.v)j and the Sardar Partdb Singh of Ala- 
wdlpur. Sardar Partab Singh has a son and heir, Bhagwan Singh. 

Residence. — Alawdlpur, Jdlandhar District, Punjab. 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 409 



PARTAB SINGH (of Botd,la), Sarddr. 

Born 1827. The title is hereditary, the Sardar being one of the repre- 
sentatives of the important Kshatriya (Sikh) family of Botala, descended from 
Dhanna Singh, who was an associate of Sardar Jodh Singh, great-grandfather 
of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh, and after Jodh Singh's death served under his 
son, Sardar Charat Singh. His sons followed the fortunes of the ancestors 
of Ranjit Singh, and his grandson, Sardar Dharam Singh, was the grandfather 
of Sardar Partab Singh of Botala. Sardar Dharam Singh's son was Sardar 
Ganda Singh, who was in attendance on the Maharaja Sher Singh when that 
prince was assassinated, and was severely wounded in the endeavour to 
defend him. He was killed at the battle of Firuzshahr, where his son Sardar 
Kirpal Singh (one of the younger brothers of Sardar Partab Singh) was 
wounded. The Sardar Ganda Singh was succeeded by his four sons — Sardar 
Partab Singh being the eldest, Sardar Dayal Singh {q.v.), Sardar Kirpal Singh 
of Kunjahia {q.v.), and Sardar Joala Singh (g.v.) The Sardar Partab Singh 
of Botala has a son and heir, named Godham Singh. 

Residence. — Botdla, Gujranwdia, Punjab. 

PARTAB SINGH (of Rania), Sarddr. 
The title is hereditary. 
Residence. — Punjab. 

PARTABGARH, HIS HIGHNESS MAHARAWAT RAGHUNATH 
SINGH BAHADUR, Mahdrdwat of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1857; succeeded to the ^flif/ i8th February 1890. Belongs to a 
family that is a junior branch of that of " the Sun of the Hindus," the Maha- 
rana of Udaipur, and is consequently one of the Chiefs of the illustrious 
Sesodia clan of the Rajputs. In 1561 a.d., when Udai Singh, the future 
founder of Udaipur, was Rana — and just seven years before the terrible sack 
of Chitor, the ancient capital of the Sesodias, by the great Mughal Akbar, 
drove Udai Singh to the jungles, whence he subsequently issued to build 
Udaipur — the Rawat Bhikaji, a scion of the Royal house of the Sesodias, 
founded the State of Partabgarh, with its capital at Deolia. With the other 
States of Rajputana, Partabgarh was reduced, during the subsequent cam- 
paigns of the Mughal Emperors, to submission to Delhi ; and in the reign of 
the Emperor Shah Jahan the Rawat received from that monarch the title of 
Maharawat, which his descendants retain. The present town of Partabgarh 
was built by the Maharawat Partab Singh, and called after his name, about 
the beginning of the i8th century; it is distant about eight miles east of the 
ancient capital of Deolia. On the establishment of the Mahratta power in 
Malwa the Maharawats became tributary to Holkar, and the Chief of Indore 
still receives that tribute, which is now paid through the British Government 
Partabgarh passed under British control in 18 18. In 1844 the Maharawat 
died, and was succeeded by his grandson, Dalpat Singh, who had become 
Maharawal of Dungarpur by adoption, but who resigned Dungarpur on his 
succession to Partabgarh. Dalpat Singh died in 1864, and was succeeded 
by his son, the late Maharawat Udai Singh. He was followed by the 



410 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

present Maharawat in 1890. The area of the State is 1460 square miles; 
and its population is 79,568, chiefly Hindus, but including 24,229 Bhils 
(aboriginal tribe) and 4243 Muhammadans. His Highness, with his chief 
feudatories, maintains a military force of 327 cavalry, 454 infantry, and 4 
guns ; and is entitled to a salute of 1 5 guns. 
Residence. — Partibgarh, Rdjputfea. 



PARTAPNBR, Rdjd of. See Mokham Singh. 

PARUMAL KHUBOHAND, DIWAN, Jiao Bahadur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1877, on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of 
India. 

Residence. — Karachi, Sind. 

PARVATI BAI, Her Highness the Rani. 

Born 1850. Is the sister of His Highness the Mahdraji of Travancore 
{q.v.') The Government of India has recognised the Rani's right to bear the 
title of " Her Highness," and she is also styled " The Junior Rani of Travan- 
core. '' 

Residence. — Trivandrum, Travancore, Southern India. 

PARVATI SHANKAR MANISHANKAR DAVE, Rao Bahddur. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on i6th February 1887, on the 
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 
Residence. — Surat, Bombay. 

PASHUPAT SARAN SINHA, Rat Bahddur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 2nd January 1888. 
Residence. — The Residency, Khitmandu, Nepdl. 



PATAUDI, NAWAB MUHAMMAD MUMTAZ HUSAIN ALI 

KHAN BAHADUR, Nawdb of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1874; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 30th March 1878. 
Belongs to an Afghan (Muhammadan) family, descended from Faiz Talab 
Khan, younger brother of Nijdbat Ali Khan, Nawab of Jhajjar. Faiz Talab 
Khdn was severely wounded in an action with Holkar's troops ; and for his 
services was granted the State of Pataudi, with the title of Nawab, in 1806. 
He died in 1829, and was succeeded by the Nawab Akbar Ali Khdn ; and 
the latter was in his turn succeeded by his son, Muhammad Ali Taki Khdn, 
on 3rd March 1862. The latter died in the same year, and was succeeded 
by the late Nawab Muhammad Mukhtdr Husain Khdn, his son, then a 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 411 

minor. He died in 1878, and was succeeded by the present Nawab, also as 
a minor. The area of the State is 53 square miles ; its population is 17,847, 
chiefly Hindus, but including 3286 Muhammadans. The Nawab maintains 
a military force of 25 cavalry, 59 infantry, and 6 guns. 
Residence. — Pataudi, Punjab. 

PATHARI, NAWAB MUHAMMAD ABDUL KARIM KHAN, 

Nawab of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1850 ; succeeded to the gadi 19th October 1861. Belongs to a 
Pathan (Muhammadan) family, being descended from the younger son of the 
famous Dost Muhammad, the founder of the State of Bhopal (see Bhopal, 
Her Highness the Begam of). The area of the State is 26 square miles j its 
population 6393, chiefly Hindus, but including 965 Muhammadans. In 
1807 Nawdb Haidar Muhammad Khan, father of the present Nawab, was 
dispossessed of his estate in Rahatgarh ; but ultimately, on the mediation of 
the British Government, he obtained the territory of Pathari. The Nawab 
has a son and heir, the Mian Muhammad Abdul Rahim Khan. 

Residence. — Pathdri, Bhopil, Central India. 

PATHABIA, THAKUR RAGHUNATH SINGH, Thdkur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1838; succeeded to the gadi 5th May 1884. The State is a 
feudatory of Indore, and is included within that territory. 
Residence. — Pathiria, Indore, Central India. 

PATI RAM, Rai Bahadur. 
The title is personal, and was conferred on 20th July 1887. 
Residence. — Bengal. 



412 



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 




PATIALA, His Highness the MahdrdjA Bahddur of. 
A Ruling Chief. 
Born 25th May 1872; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 14th April 
1876. The Mahardjd's full title is — His Highness Farzand-i-Khds-i-Daulat- 

i-Inglishia Mansur-i-Zaman, Amir- 
ul-Umara, MaharajAdhiraj Rajesh- 
war Sri Maharijd-i-Rajagan Rajendra 
Singh Mahendra Bahddur. Belongs 
to the renowned Phulkian family of 
the Sidhu Jat clan of Sikhs; so called 
from their ancestor Phul, from whom 
descend also the Chiefs of Jind, 
Nabha, and Bhadaur. Their great 
ancestor was the Rajput Chief Jaisal, 
the founder of Jaisalmir (^.».); whose 
descendant in the twenty-ninth gen- 
eration was Phul. His second son 
Rama was the fonder of the Patiala 
House ; whose son, Raja Aid Singh, 
built the city of Patiala, and was granted the title of Rdja by Ahmad Shah 
Durani in March 1762. The title was continued to his son Amar 
Singh, with additional honour as Raja-i-Rajagan Bahadur in 1767, and a flag 
and drum were given to him as symbols of his sovereign power. The title 
of Mahdraja was bestowed on the Patiala Chief in 18 10 by the Emperor 
Akbar 11. of Delhi, on the recommendation of General Ochterlony. During 
the Nepdl war he aided the Government, and at its close was rewarded 
with parts of the Keonthal and Baghat States. In 1830 the sanitarium and 
territory of Simla were obtained from him in exchange for lands in Barauli. 
In the Sutlej campaigns of 1845-46 the Mahdrdja rendered good service 
against the Lahore army ; and was rewarded with a part of the territory 
confiscated from the Rdjd of Ndbha. During the Mutiny of 1857 the 
Mahardjd Narindar Singh aided the Government by sending an auxiliary force 
to Delhi, kept open communications on the Grand Trunk Road, sent troops 
to Gwalior and Dholpur, and afforded other valuable aid. In recognition of 
these services the Mahdrdjd received further large extensions of territory, 
with additions to his titles and powers. The Mahdrdjd Mahindar Singh, sori 
of Narindar Singh, died at the age of twenty-three in 1876, and was 
succeeded by his son the present Mahdrdjd, then a minor. The area of the 
State is 5419 square miles; its population is 1,467,433, chiefly Hindus, but 
mcludmg 408,141 Sikhs and 321,354 Muhammadans. The Mahdrdjd 
mamtams a mihtary force of 2423 cavalry, 4147 infantry, and 109 guns; 
and IS entitled to a salute of 1 7 guns. 

Axms,.-~Ermine, a target sable, bossed or, in chief saltirewise two daggers, 
gules hiked of the third, in base a sword of like tincture and a musket /n;.^^ in 
saltire. Crest.— An elephant. Supporters.— A lion and a bay horse, each 
ensigned with an annulet argent. Motto.— Phularka Kira?ia Prabha. 

Residence. — Patidia, Punjab. 




THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 413 

PATNA, MAHARAJA RAM CHANDRA SINGH, Mahdrdjd of, 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1870; succeeded to the gadi as a minor 25th November 1878. 

Belongs to a family of the illustrious Chauhan clan of Rajputs (see Mainpuri, 
Raja of, and Rajaur, Raja of) that has been settled 
as rulers in the Sambalpur district of the Central 
Provinces from a remote antiquity. The present 
Mahdrija is the thirtieth in direct descent from the 
founder of the Raj ; who, according to the traditions 
of the family, came here from Sambalgarh in the 
Mainpuri district of the North-Western Provinces, 
probably at the time of the earliest Muhammadan 
invasions. Tradition also connects the family, 
whose claim to the hereditary title of Raja seems 

The Santaii of the Chauhan always to have been Undisputed, with the Hai Hai 

Rdjputs, called Ckakra, used -^ . __ ^ . _^ -r^ r . mi i 

in the seal and for signature. Bausi House of the Ratanpur Rajputs. 1 he late 
(A circle with fom Trisuias or Maharaja, Sur Partab Deo, came to the gadi in 

Tridents as radii at the car- r, /■ r ni- ^ i ii 

dinai points.) 1806 ; and dymg twelve years later, was succeeded 

by his nephew, the present Maharaja, then a 

minor, in 1878. The family device or cognisance is the famous Chauhan 

Santak. The area of the State is 2399 square miles ; its population is 

257,959, chiefly Hindus. 

Residence. — Patna, Sambalpur, Central Provinces. 

PATRI, DESAI SURAJMALJI ZORAWARSINGHJI, Desai of. 

A Ruling Chief. 

Born 1847; succeeded to the gadi loth July 1884. Belongs to a 
Kanbi (Hindu) family. The late Desai Himmatsinghji died in 1884, and 
was succeeded by his son, the present Desai. 

Residence. — Patri, Kithid.\vir, Bombay. 

PB, MAUNG, Ahmudan gaung Tazeik-ya Min. 

The title is personal, and was conferred on ist January 1889. It is 
indicated by the letters A. T.M. after the name, and means "Recipient of 
the Medal for Good Service." 

Residence. — Myadaung, Burma. 

PEART MOHUN MOOKBRJI, G.S.I., Rdjd. 
See Piari Mohan Mukharji, C.S.I., S^djd. 



PESHOTAM BBHRAMJI SAN J AN A, DASTUR, DR., 

Shatns-ul- Ulama. 

Born 14th September 1829. This title is personal, and was conferred 
ist January 1889, for eminence in oriental learning. It entitles him to take 



414 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 

rank in Darbdr immediately after titular Nawibs. He succeeded his father, the 
late Dastur Behrdmji, in 1854, when he assumed the title of High Priest of 
the Parsi community in Bombay. Is a Fellow of the University of Bombay, 
1866; M.A. and Ph.D. of the Tiibingen University, 1886; Principal and 
Professor of Pahlavi and Zend in the Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy Oriental 
College {Zartoshti Madrasah), Bombay, since 1863 ; Head High Priest of the 
great Wadia Fire Temple, 1854 ; has published an elaborate grammar of the 
Pahlavi language, 1871, and an edition of the Pahlavi Dinkard, in six volumes, 
1874-92. Married, in 1843, Kuvarbd,!, daughter of Manikji Jamshedji, Esq., 
and has issue, two sons — Eduljee, born ist June 1852 ; and Darabjee, born 
8th November 1858, Justice of the Peace, a Graduate and Fellow of the 
University of Bombay, married (188