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Full text of "Old Chinese porcelain and works of art in China; being description and illustrations of articles selected from an exhibition held in Shanghai, November, 1908"













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CHARLES WILLIAM WASON 

COLLECTION 

CHINA AND THE CHINESE 



THE GIFT OF 
CHARLES WILLIAM WASON 

CLASS OF 1876 
1918 



Cornell University Library 

NK 4565.B15 



Old Chinese porcelain and works of ail i 

■■ "■■ ■■■ ■ M III M ■ ■ 



3 1924 023 327 012 




Cornell University 
Library 



The original of tiiis book is in 
tine Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924023327012 



OLD CHINESE PORCELAIN AND 
WORKS OF ART IN CHINA 




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Old Chinese Porcelain 



and 



Works of Art in China 

Being Description and Illustrations of Articles 

selected from an Exhibition held in Shanghai, 

November, 1908 



BY 

A. W. BAHR 



WITH FRONTISPIECE AND 120 PLATES, 12 BEINli IN COLOUR 



CASSELL AND COMPANY, LIMITED 

London, New York, Toronto and Melbourne 

1911 

& 



CONTENTS 



PAGE 



Introduction i 

Notes on Chinese Torcelain .... 5 

Glossary of Terms 19 

List of Illustrations 21 

Index of Articles according to Periods . 29 

Index of Articles according to Class . . 35 

Description of Articles 41 



INTRODUCTION 

The present Volume is not a history of, nor work on, 
Chinese Porcelain, but is really an illustrated Catalogue 
and brief description of the principal objects shown at an 
Exhibition held at Shanghai in November, 1908, under 
the auspices of the North -China branch of the Royal 
Asiatic Society. 

For the first time an attempt was made to collect, in 
China itself, representative specimens of Chinese Porcelain 
and Works of Art of acknowledged excellence and un- 
doubtedly genuine. 

A long period of time was taken in preparation by 
the following committee, whose names are well known in 
Shanghai as connoisseurs. 

Sir Pelham Warren, K.C.M.G., President of the 
North-China branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. 
Mr. C. Oswald Liddell, Chairman. 
Mr. A. W. Bahr, Hon. Secretary. 
Dr. J. C. Ferguson, Hon. Treasurer. 
Mrs. Ayscough, 
Dr. A. Stanley, 
Dr. S. M. Cox, 
Mr. F. E. Wilkinson, 
Taotai Hoo erh mai, 
Taotai Shen tun ho, 
Mr. T. W. Kingsmill, 
Mr. M. Chapeaux, 
Mr. G. H. Thomson, 
Mr. Zung song ching, 
Mr. Wong kai zur. 



Chinese Porcelain 

Cordial assistance was given by various high officials 
of the Chinese Empire, from places so far apart as Peking, 
Canton and Nanchang, and was in a great measure due to 
the personal influence of Dr. J. C. Ferguson, Councillor to 
the Viceroys of Nanking and Wuchang. 

Some of the choicest pieces of the well-known collec- 
tions of H.E. Tuan Fang, Viceroy of the Liang-kiang, H.E. 
King siao san. Governor of Nanchang, Mr. Li chi bai of 
Canton and Taotai Hwang chung huei of Peking, were 
kindly loaned and selections were carefully made from the 
numerous collections in Shanghai and neighbourhood. 

The Exhibition was an unqualified success and com- 
prised about 3,000 pieces ; a gratifying interest was shown 
by the large attendance of Chinese high officials and gentry 
at the opening ceremony, when speeches were made by 
H.E. Tsai Nai Hwang, Taotai of Shanghai, the late Mr. 
T. W. Kingsmill, Vice-President of the North-China branch 
of the Royal Asiatic Society, the Hon. Charles Denby, 
Consul-General for the United States of America, Mr. David 
Landale, Chairman of the Shanghai Municipal Council, Mr. 
C. O. Liddell, Chairman of the Committee ; and mention 
was specially made of the services of Mrs. Ayscough, Dr, 
Stanley, Taotai Hoo erh mai, Taotai Shen tun ho and 
Mr. Zung song ching. 

It is hoped that the examples in this volume will be of 
interest to collectors as showing Porcelain and Works of 
Art which are admired and valued by native and foreign 
connoisseurs resident in China. All the pieces owned by 
foreigners were obtained in China and mostly with the 
advice and assistance of the best native experts. 

The Chinese characters on the cover, " Book on Chinese 
Porcelain and Fine Arts compiled by Bahr," have been 
kindly written for the author by H.E. Lord Li Ching-fong, 
Chinese Minister to the Court of Saint James's. 

The coloured illustrations are reproductions of careful 
paintings by the Chinese artist, Wong chun hai. 



Introduction 

The author has to thank Mr. C. O. Liddell, of Shanghai, 
for collaboration in descriptions originally written of the 
various articles illustrated, Mr. F. E. Wilkinson, H.B.M. 
Consul at Newchang, for the "Notes on Chinese Porcelain" 
written for the Exhibition, and especially Mr. James Orange, 
formerly of Hongkong, for valuable assistance in under- 
taking to revise and see this book through the Press. 

A. W. B. 

Shanghai, igio. 



NOTES ON CHINESE PORCELAIN 

These notes have been prepared for the information and 
guidance of those visitors to the Exhibition whose know- 
ledge of Chinese porcelain may be limited. It is hoped 
that they will stimulate their interest in the subject, and 
lend some additional attraction in their e}'es to the many 
beautiful exhibits on view. If complaint be made that the 
amount of information given is meagre, it should be re- 
membered that within the limits of a pamphlet it is im- 
possible to go very deeply into the subject. Examples of 
every variety of porcelain referred to hereafter will be 
found on view, and, if all of them are not the best speci- 
mens of their class, they are sufficiently representative to 
enable one to form a good idea of the wonderful achieve- 
ments of the Chinese potter. 

Definition of Porcelain. — Porcelain is defined by Dr. 
Bushell, our greatest authority on the subject, as a white, 
hard pottery which has been vitrified and made trans- 
lucent by firing. The Chinese describe it as a hard, 
compact, fine-grained pottery which may be distin- 
guished from ordinary pottery or earthenware by the clear 
musical note which it gives out on percussion and by the 
test that it cannot be scratched with a knife. The bod}' 
consists of two essential elements, white clay, or kaolin, 
and felspathic stone, or petuntse^ The two are mixed 
together with water to form a paste, which is made into 
the shape required either by lathe or mould. The piece 
is then exposed to the sun to dry and, when dry, the 
colour and glaze are applied. This is usually done in one 
of three ways — the colour is either applied first and the 

5 



Chinese Porcelain 

glaze after, so that the colours appear under the glaze as 
in blue and white ; or the two are mixed together and 
applied, as in celadon and single-coloured decoration 
generally ; or the glaze is applied first and the colour 
after, so that the colours appear over the glaze as in 
polychrome decoration. The firing is done, as a rule, im- 
mediately after the application of the glaze, so that in 
over-glaze decoration the piece must have passed through 
the kiln before the colours can be applied, and to fix 
them a second firing is necessary. In actual practice 
man)' other materials are added to the kaolin and petuntse 
in the preparation of porcelain, but they are the essential 
elements. In the composition of the glaze, petuntse is also 
used, but for this purpose it must be of the very best 
quality. It is mixed with purified lime and water, and put 
on the raw body with a brush by dipping or insufflation. 
Date of Invention. — Chinese literature ascribes the 
invention of porcelain to a period some twenty-five 
centuries before Christ. Foreign experts are by no means 
certain that the art existed before the seventh century 
after Christ. No trace of any earlier porcelain can be 
found, and it is doubtful whether, until the time of the 
Mings (1368-1644 A.D.), any other porcelain than celadons 
or single-coloured glazes were manufactured. 

CHRONOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION OF CHINESE 
PORCELAIN. 

The usual chronological classification of Chinese porce- 
lain is as follows : — 

I. — Primitive Period, including the Sung Dynast)' (960- 
1279) and the Yiian Dynasty (1280-1367). 

2. — Ming Period, comprising the whole of the Ming 

Dynasty (136S-1644). 

3. — Kang-Hsi (Kanghe) Period, extending from the fall 

6 



Notes on Chinese Porcelain 

of the Ming Dynasty to the close of the reign of Kang- 
Hsi (1662-1723). 

4. — Yung-Cheng and Ch'ien-Lung (Kienking) Period 
(1723-1796), the two reigns being conjoined. 

5. — Modern Period, from the beginning of the reign of 
Chia-Ch'ing to the present day (i 796-1 908). 

Primitive or Sung Period. 

The productions of this period are, as might be expected, 
of very primitive aspect. The pieces that survive are covered 
with glazes of single colours either of uniform or mottled 
tint and exhibit either plain or crackled surfaces. The 
colours usually met with are white, pale purple, often 
splashed over with red, celadon or other greens, pale grey 
blue or clair-de-lnne, and deep purple or aubergine. Genuine 
pieces are greatly treasured by native collectors, but are not 
often seen in foreign collections. 

Ming Period (1368-1644). 

During the Ming Period great advances were made in 
Chinese ceramic art. It was then that the manufacture of 
porcelain became concentrated at Ching Te Chen in the 
Kiangsi Province, which thenceforward practically monop- 
olised the production of artistic porcelain. Here all the 
old glazes of repute were reproduced in succession and 
newer methods of decoration invented. We now, for the 
first time, come across porcelain decorated in colours. 

The first form which this decoration took was blue under 
the glaze, used both alone and in combination with white. 
A briUiant red colour was then discovered which, as we 
know from the writings of the time, attracted universal 
admiration. Enamel colours, that is, colours applied over 
the glaze and which stand up on the surface, were first 
employed to relieve and heighten the blue or the red ; then 

7 



Chinese Porcelain 

they began to be used in combination, until gradually they 
predominated in the scheme of coloured decoration now 
known to us as " Ming Five Colours." 

The blue and white made during the Ming Period is 
more remarkable for the briUiancy of the blue than for any 
excellence of quality. The pieces one sees are usually thick 
and heavy, with pitted and irregular surfaces. There is, 
however, about many of them a freedom and freshness of 
design that makes them very pleasing to the eye. 

To the collector the blue and white of this period does 
not compare in interest with the pieces decorated in colours, 
although to the uninitiated the attractions of the latter are 
not always discernible. The decoration is usually in five 
colours and, as green is the predominating colour, such pieces 
are classed in i\\Q fainille verte. The other colours used are 
blue under the glaze, red, yellow and aubergine over it. 
As compared with similar pieces belonging to the next 
period the Ming pieces of this class left us are poor in 
qualit)', shape and colouring. It is their rareness and origin- 
ality that make them so very desirable to collectors. 

Blanc-de-Chine. — In addition to Ching Te Chen there 
were during the Ming Period two other centres of some 
note where the manufacture of porcelain was carried on. 
One of these centres was Te Hua in Fukien, where the 
white porcelain known to us as blanc-de-Chine was pro- 
duced. It differs widely from other Chinese porcelain, the 
paste being of a creamy white tint resembling ivorj', of 
which, in fact, it is meant to be an imitation, while the 
thick rich glaze, which has a satiny aspect, blends closely 
with the paste underneath. The best examples of this ware 
are the well-modelled images of Buddhist divinities, of which, 
owing to their careful preservation in temples, many yet 
survive, but it was the cups and bowls of egg-shell thickness 
that brought most fame to the factory. A bowl of this 
egg-shell ware, which is now extremely rare, is on view in 
the Exhibition. 



Notes on Chinese Porcelain 

Celadon. — The other centre was at Lung Ch'uan in 
Chekiang, where celadon only was produced. The name 
"celadon," it should be explained, is used to describe both 
a class and a special colour, namely, the large and varied 
class of single glaze decoration and a particular sea-green 
colour which was the commonest form of single glaze de- 
coration during both the Sung and the Ming Periods. All 
the celadon produced at Lung Ch'uan was of this particular 
colour. It was an attempt on the part of the old Chinese 
potter to imitate the much prized green jade. Celadon is 
believed to have been the first porcelain ever seen in 
England, a bowl of it having been presented to New College, 
Oxford, by Archbishop Warham, in the early part of the 
1 5th century. It was exported from China during the T'ang 
Dynasty (a.d. 618-906), and was well known and much 
valued in Persia and India long before it was ever heard of 
in Europe. Owing to the esteem, no doubt, in which it 
was held by Eastern royalties the marvellous property was 
attributed to celadon of denoting by changing its colour 
the presence of poison in the food served in it. At 
present this ancient ware is less prized in Europe than by 
Chinese and Japanese connoisseurs, who give high prices 
for pieces of exactly the correct shape and shade of green. 
The factory at Lung Ch'uan was closed before the end of 
the Ming Dynasty, and since then celadon has only been 
manufactured at Ching Te Chen. 

Kang-Hsi Period (1662-1723), 

We have now reached — to quote Dr. Bushell — the cul- 
minating epoch of the ceramic art of China by common 
consent of all connoisseurs. The brilliant renaissance of 
the art, which distinguishes the reign of Kang-Hsi, is 
shown in every class — in the single-coloured glazes ; in 
painted decorations ; and in the inimitable blue and white. 
It is impossible within the limits of this paper to classify 
C 9 



Chinese Porcelain 

the various methods of decoration employed during this 
period. To do so would merely confuse the uninitiated. 
It will be sufficient to mention the varieties most com- 
monly met with and those most prized by collectors. 

Monochromes. — The glaze is really the master quahty 
in porcelain, and many of the single glazes of this period 
cannot be passed over without notice. From this reign 
we date the three most famous and costly of all, the rare 
apple green, the even more celebrated ruby red or sang- 
dc-bcetif, and the much prized peach bloom, the glazes in 
every case being derived from copper silicates with which 
were mixed, the Chinese tell us, pulverised rubies and 
other precious stones. The brilliant sang-de-bmif of this 
period is really a revival of the "sacrificial red" glaze of 
the Ming Dynasty. Peach bloom was discovered later in 
the reign. It is described by Dr. Bushell as "a pale red 
becoming pink in some parts, in others mottled with 
russet spots displayed on a background of light green 
celadon tint." Peach bloom has obtained an extraordinary 
vogue amongst collectors and fetches absurd prices. A 
small vase 8 inches high was sold not long ago for 
;^3,ooo. A new bright black shot with purple, the " ravens- 
wing" of collectors, mazarin blue, turquoise blue, powder 
blue, and coral red were other discoveries, but perhaps the 
most brilliant monochromes of this time are the plain 
washes of the enamel colours used in polychrome decora- 
tion, such as the green of the famille verte. 

Polychrome Decoration. — By polychrome decoration 
we mean pieces belonging either to the three-coloured 
(san t'sai) or five-coloured class (wu t'sai). 

Three-colours. — Three-coloured pieces are so called 
because they are supposed to be decorated with yellow, 
green and aubergine only. The ground is generally covered 
with a yellow glaze on which the green and aubergine 
appear in diaper patterns or other designs. In many 
cases, however, black is also employed along with the 

10 



Notes on Chinese Porcelain 

other three colours. To the connoisseur there is a charm 
and fascination about this class of porcelain which is not 
always apparent to the average man. Three-coloured 
pieces of this period are becoming rare and already fetch 
fancy prices. 

Five-Colours. — Until almost the very end of the reign 
of Kang-Hsi, green continued to be the predominating colour 
employed in the decoration of five-coloured pieces, which 
are classed therefore during this period in the famille verte. 
There are so many examples of this class of porcelain in 
the Exhibition that no description is necessary. The 
colours used were the same as in the Ming Period, but the 
porcelain and painting are far finer. Good specimens of 
the famille veyte are not yet uncommon, but the demand 
for them in England has made them very costly. Pow- 
dered blue vases with white reserves filled with fainille 
verte are particularly sought after by collectors. 

Blue and White. — The reign of Kang-Hsi is more 
famous perhaps for its blue and white than for any other 
kind of porcelain produced during the sixty years it 
lasted. A specimen of blue and white, to be considered 
of the finest quality, should possess five points : the blue 
should be of the finest colour, the white the purest white, 
the drawing perfectly clean and fine in outline and shad- 
ing, the shape elegant in form, and the glaze brilliant and 
uninjured. There are very few pieces which possess all 
these qualifications, and these all date from the Kang-Hsi 
Period. It is impossible to explain on paper what blue 
it is that is considered the finest, but the uninitiated may 
obtain some idea of what the best is like by examining 
the exhibits on view, several of which possess most, if 
not all, the five points required. The most beautiful and 
valuable specimens of this class are the hawthorn ginger 
jars decorated with rising and falling sprays of prunus 
blossom reserved in white on a marbled blue ground. 
One of these vases was recently sold in England for 

n 



Chinese Porcelain 

;^5,90o. Many attempts have been made to imitate this 
class of porcelain, but no genuine connoisseur can ever 
be deceived in a piece of good quality. There can be no 
doubt that time has done something for the pieces of the 
17th century, and to the expert their counterfeits never 
look the age ascribed to them. Blue and white has this 
advantage over other kinds of porcelain, that the eye does 
not need special training to appreciate its beauties, which 
are apparent to everyone. Except for pieces of the very 
best quahty, the price of blue and white of the Kang- 
Hsi period is still comparatively moderate, and there is 
plenty of it on the market. 

Yung-Cheng and Ch'ien=Lung Periods (1723-1796). 

The two reigns of Yung-Cheng and Ch'ien-Lung are 
taken together on account of the similarity of their ceramic 
productions. The brilliant greens which predominated in 
the polychrome decoration of the reign of Kang-Hsi and 
earned for it the name oi famille verte are now supplanted 
by rose reds of crimson and pink shades. This new style of 
decoration is known as the famille rose (fen t'sai). 

Famille Rose. — No class shows a gieater variety of 
decoration than the famille rose. From the boldly drawn 
designs of the earlier pieces it ranges to the miniature 
painting to be found on the egg-shell dishes and plates 
of the latter years of Ch'ien-Lung. In technique the pro- 
ducts of this period are superior to anything of the past, 
the drawing being more correct and the colouring more 
carefully blended. Yet there can be no doubt that con- 
noisseurs prefer the less finished style of the magnificent 
famille verte pieces of the Kang-Hsi period. The standard 
aimed at, however, during the period under review was 
unquestionably even higher than before, particular attention 
being paid to the fineness of the porcelain, which was 
looked upon not as a mere conve}^ance for the decoration, 

\2 



Notes on Chinese Porcelain 

but as a thing to be admired in itself. It is the opinion 
of many excellent judges that, in time, the famille rose 
will become the most valued of all descriptions of porce- 
lain. Visitors will be able to judge for themselves which 
of the two styles of decoration possesses the greater at- 
tractions. It will be noticed that the productions of this 
period show a marked European influence both in their 
shape and ornament, due partly to the influence of the 
Jesuit artists at Peking and parti)'- to the copying of 
designs sent from Europe. 

Blue and White. — The blue and white of both reigns 
is inferior to that of Kang-Hsi, the like of which we shall 
never see again. Some of the Yung-Cheng pieces are, 
however, extremely handsome, the drawing being excellent 
and the blue of a very vivid description. 

Egg-shell. — Egg-shell china is so called because it is 
supposed to be no thicker than the shell of an egg. The 
Chinese claim to have possessed the art of making it as 
far back as the isth century, and we have already referred 
to the cups and bowls produced during the Ming Dynasty 
at Te Hua in Fukien. Egg-shell began to be manufactured 
again during the period under review and runs parallel 
with the famille rose class. As it was made only for 
export to Europe, where, towards the end of the i8th 
century, egg-shell dessert services were all the fashion, 
very little of this ware is to be found in China, In 
Europe, on the other hand, it is fairly common in the 
form of plates. The fineness of the porcelain and the 
beautiful painting on them have caused these plates to 
be much sought after by collectors, who will pay any- 
thing up to £ioo for a fine specimen. The colouring at 
the back of them varies in shade from purple to rose, 
whence the name, ruby-back plates, by which they are 
generally knowm. 

Soft Paste Porcelain. — Although the best authorities 
deny that soft paste porcelain, as understood in Europe, 



Chinese Porcelain 

has ever been made in China, there is a class of porcelain, 
also much sought after by collectors, both in China and 
abroad, which is generally known by that name. In its 
manufacture, instead of white clay or kaolin, a material 
called loha she is used. Some of this soft paste belongs 
to the end of the reign of Kang-Hsi, but most of it was 
made during the reigns of Yung-Cheng and Ch'ien-Lung, 
and is therefore classed in the period under review. It 
ma}- be known from ordinary or hard paste porcelain 
by its light weight, its crackle — though one occasionally 
comes across uncrackled pieces — -its fine grain, and the 
vellum-like appearance of the painting, particularly of the 
blue and white, which is its most common form of decora- 
tion. If a piece of so-called soft paste is heavy but other- 
wise answers to the description, it means that the body 
is not soft paste throughout but is merely coated with 
the composition. Some of the blue and white pieces are 
very beautiful, and there are many collectors who confine 
themselves to this particular form of porcelain. Needless 
to say it is an expensive hobb)'. 

Monochromes. — There is nothing very original about 
the monochromes or single-coloured glazes of this period, 
which, with a few exceptions, do not compare well with 
those of Kang-Hsi. Special attention appears, however, 
to have been paid to flambe glazes. These are glazes 
of variegated hues known to us as splashed. The coloured 
glaze is applied to the paste, and by regulating, during 
the process of baking, the currents of air admitted, the tints 
on a vase may be modified almost indefinitely. 

Modern Period, from 1796. 

This is a period of decadence, and though many beauti- 
ful pieces were turned out during the reigns of Chia-Ch'ing 
and Tao-Kwang, especially for use in the palace at Peking, 
it hardly demands detailed description. 

14 



Notes on Chinese Porcelain 



CHINESE PORCELAIN IN EUROPE. 

The adoption of the word "china" into the Enghsh 
language as equivalent to porcelain is the best of evidence 
that it was from China that porcelain first came to Eng- 
land. Chinese porcelain began to be imported into Europe 
towards the end of the 15th century. When it first 
became known it aroused universal admiration and 
wonder. Compared with it, the pottery of England and 
of the continent of Europe was at a vast disadvantage. 
The first pieces to reach Europe were celadons and blue 
and white. They were either brought by travellers as 
precious curiosities or were presents acquired by am- 
bassadors, and in almost every case were deemed worthy 
of a mount in the best art of the jewellers of the period. 
The prices which Chinese porcelain commanded soon 
stimulated amongst European potters an ambition to 
produce something like it, but, as there was no kaolin 
to be had, it was a long time before success crowned 
their efforts. As soon, however, as they were able to 
supply the market, the importations from China fell off 
and finally ceased altogether. While it lasted the trade 
was a very busy one, whole fleets of ships arriving in 
Europe laden with nothing else, a considerable proportion 
of the ware being made to order in China from European 
designs. 

HOW TO DISTINGUISH OLD CHINA. 

We have now completed our survey of what might 
be called the rise and fall of the ceramic art in China. 
A few remarks in conclusion on the methods by which 
an expert is able to distinguish an old piece from a new 
one, and to tell exactly the period to which a piece belongs, 
may perhaps be of interest. In deciding as to the age 
of a piece, the composition of the paste and the condition 

15 



Chinese Porcelain 

of the glaze are perhaps the best test. As we have al- 
read}^ remarked, a practised eye is able to judge the age 
of a piece more or less by its appearance. A Ming 
piece may perhaps look old to anyone, but it is only 
an expert who can observe the effect of age on a well 
preserved Kang-Hsi or Ch'ien-Lung vase. His next 
best guide is the colour, a particular shade denoting as 
a rule a particular period. In a polychrome piece he 
will observe carefully whether certain colours are under 
or over the glaze. He will always look, too, at the foot 
of a piece, for though there may be no date mark, the 
finish here is frequently an indication of the period. A 
celadon piece, for instance, made during the Ming Dynasty 
has always a red ring at its back, the unglazed surface 
where the piece has rested on the kiln. The foot 
of a Yung-Cheng piece, of the monochrome class in 
particular, is as a rule unglazed, a characteristic rarely seen 
in Kang-Hsi and Ch'ien Lung pieces, though occasionally 
in Ming ware. A date mark, especially when in the seal 
character, is generally, but by no means always, a guide 
to the age of a piece. One of the most familiar marks 
seen on old porcelain, particularly on pieces made for 
the foreign market, is that of the reign of Ch'eng-Hua 
(1465-1487), one of the Ming emperors, yet it is very 
rarely indeed that a piece bearing this mark is of an earlier 
date than the Kang-Hsi Period. The Chinese have always 
been lovers of antique porcelain, and they assumed, no 
doubt, that their European customers would value their 
productions all the more if they antedated them a century 
or so. Collectors consequently pay little attention to marks, 
taking a piece on its merits, whether marked or not. 
Modern imitations of old porcelain naturally abound, but 
it is only, as a rule, in the very rare and expensive classes 
that the reproductions are so excellent and so minute as 
to details that even an expert may occasionall)^ be deceived. 
Of all the various classes of porcelain probably mono- 

16 



Notes on Chinese Porcelain 

chromes are the most difficult to judge. It is in this 
class that the amateur most frequently comes to grief. 

For any persons anxious to go more deeply into the 
subject than we have been able to in this pamphlet, 
there are many books on porcelain which will assist 
them in increasing their knowledge. For ourselves we 
must express our particular indebtedness to Dr. Bushell's 
"Chinese Art" and to Mr. Gulland's "Chinese Porcelain," 
from both of which works we have quoted freely. Other 
useful books on the subject are the " History and De- 
scription of Chinese Porcelain," by Cosmo Monkhouse, 
and "How to Identify Old Chinese Porcelain," by Mrs. 
Willoughby Hodgson. 

F. E. W. 



17 



GLOSSARY 

Blanc-de-Chine. — Ivory-white porcelain, called by Chinese 
" Fuchien ware." 

Celadon. — A pale-green colour resembling jade. 

Clair-de-Lune. — Varieties of " heavenly blue " or " colour-of- 
sky-after-rain." 

Enamel. — Coloured glazes used in painting on the paste which 
has been baked or dried ; clear or opaque white glazes for 
covering ordinary pottery ; the pigments, used for paint- 
ing over the glaze, which vitrify at a comparatively 
low temperature ; also the materials used on copper or 
metals. 

Famille Jaune. — Yellow ground with decoration. 

Famille Noire. — Black ground with decoration. 

Famille Rose. — Decoration in over-glaze in which rose or pink 
colour predominates. 

Famille Verte. — Decoration in over-glaze in which green colour 
predominates. Three-colour variety generally comprises 
green, yellow, and aubergine; the five-colour, green, 
yellow, aubergine, blue, and red. All of varying shades. 

Flamb6. — Colour of glaze appears splashed or streaked in 
combinations of, principally, reds and blues. 

Glaze. — The transparent liquid covering put on pottery or 
porcelain. 

Graviata. — Porcelain which has patterns engraved on the paste. 

Peach Bloom. — Sometimes called peach-blow. Supposed to 
represent colours to be seen on bud from time of 
formation to blossom, and consists of reds and greens in 
endless variety of shades ; blots and minute dots in greens 
through reds. 

19 



Chinese Porcelain 

Porcelain. — A fine hard pottery, translucent and partially 
vitrified ; generally white colour in section, and should 
have a clear ring when struck. 

Pottery. — A mixture of clays or clay rocks, generally brown, 
terra-cotta, or grey colour in section. 

Sang-de-Boeuf. — Rich red supposed to resemble the thick 
clotted blood of an ox. 

Soft Paste. — Probably same material as for ordinary porcelain 
or " hard paste," but a glaze is used which requires a 
lower temperature to fuse than that required to properly 
bake the ordinary porcelain paste. 

Under-Glaze Blue. — Pigment applied to the unbaked surface 
of the pottery before it was glazed ; firing causes the 
colour to sink into the ware and to sometimes tint the 
glaze. 



20 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 

Large type for article denotes Coloured Illustrations, of which 
there are twelve. 

All articles, except otherwise described, are of Porcelain. 

Chinese characters printed in illustrations simpl}' denote 
Period and Class of Articles. 



PLATE ARTICLE 


CLASS 


PERIOD 


OWNER 


PAGE 


I. Model of a Temple Pottery 


Wei 


H.E. Viceroy Tiiaa 










Fang 


42 


Vase 


1. 


Sui 


,1 M 


42 


Vase 


• 


Han 


») )1 


42 


2. Lamp 


, ,, 


Five 


Taotai Hiuang 








Dynasties 


chiing liiiei . 


43 


Incense Burner 


n 


Sung 


ti If 


43 


Figure of a Camel . ,, 


Han 


Sien tze za 


43 


3. Tomb Urn 


. 


Sui 


Taotai Hwang 
chung huei . 


44 


Cup 


■ 


Sung 


„ 


44 


Incense Burner 


1, 


Han 


>> 


44 


Cup 


Clair-de-lune 


Sung 


,, n 


44 


4. Cup, Dish and Goblet Pottery 


T'ang 


It 55 


45 


5. Vase 




Sung 


Ztv ven ching . 


46 


6. Tomb Urns 


,, 


,, 


John St. Audley 


47 


7. Jar . . 


,. 


., 


A. W.Bahr . 


48 


8. FLOWER POT 


Clair-de-lune 


,, 


Taotai Hoo erh mai 


49 


9. Dishes 


.1 


,, 


Bon Ian ziing . 


50 


Jar . 


. Apple green Ming 


,, 


50 


10. Vase 


. Blue with 


Ch'ien. 


Wong kai zur . 


51 



decoration Lun^ 
21 



Chinese Porcelain 



PLATE ARTICLE 

10. BotUe 


CLASS TERIOD 

. Soft paste, Kang-Hsi 
Blue and 
white 


OWNEK 

Wong kai zur 


PAGE 

• 51 


Vase 


Famille verte, Yung- 
Five colour Cheng 


n 


• 51 


Boat 


. Soft paste, Sung 
White 


„ 


• 51 


II. Rock 


. Ironstone 


Zee kwan yin . 


■ 52 


12. INCENSE BURNER Pottery 


C. L. Freer 


• 53 


13. Vases 


. Soft paste, Early 
White Ming 


A. IV. Bahr . 


■ 54 


14. Vase 


. Blanc-de- ,, 
chine 


„ 


• 55 


15. Figure 


,, 


,, 


■ 56 


16 Vases 


" n 


L. Grenard 


• 57 


17. Figures 


M ,, 


A. W. Bahr . 


• 58 


18. Teapots 


M 11 


,, 


■ 59 


ig. Kylins 


>> !> 


,, 


. 60 


20. Figure 


. Five colour ,, 


,, 


. 5i 


21. Incense Burners 


. Pottery, 
Three colour 


„ 


. 62 


22. Vase 


Famille verte, ,, 
Three colour 


Lord Kitchener 


• 63 


23. Vase 


. Pottery, 
Three colour 


A. IV. Bahr . 


. 64 


24. Vase 


Famille verte, Ming 
Three colour 


„ 


• 65 


25. Bowls 


. Egg-shell, Early 
White Ming 


„ 


. 66 


26. Vase 


. Sang-de- Kang-Hsi L. c. tung 
bceuf 


■ 67 


27. Vases 


Ming 


/I.E. King siao 


san 68 


Vase 


,, Kang-Hsi ,, 


. 68 


Vase 


. Celadon Ming 


!, -1 


. 68 


28. Gold-fish Bowl 


Famille verte, Ming 
Three colour 


Wong kai zur 


• 69 


29. Jar 


Famille verte, Yung- 
Five colour Cheng 


Van ytc yuen 


• 70 


Jar 


. Five colour Ming 


Lee ven ching 


■ 70 


Jar 


M U 


Ma chang kee 


• 70 



22 



List of Illustrations 



30. Vase 

31. Tea or Wine PoU . Pottery 
Teapot , ,, 



CLASS PERIOD OWNER 

. Blue and Ming L. Grenard 
white 



Bon Ian sung 



Ch'ien- 
Lung 



32. Writer's Water Bot- Peach Kang-Hsi Kamhentsung 
tie and Bowl bloom 



Incense Burner 
Vase 
33. Bottle and Bowl 
Vase 

Water Cup 
Water Cup 

34. Bowl 

Bowl 
Bowl 

Plate 

35. VASE . . 

36 VASE . 
37. Figures . 



Apple Ming 

green 

. Soft paste, Kang-Hsi 
White 



PAGE 

• 71 

• 72 

• 72 

• 73 

• 73 

• 73 



Glass Ch'ien- H.E. King siao san 74 
Lung 

Onion Yung- ,, ,, . 74 

green Cheng 

Sang-de- Ming „ ,, , 74 
boeuf 

Famille Kang-Hsi „ ,, . 74 
rose 



. Blue and Ming Taotai Hwang 
white chung huei . 

„ Shun-Chih „ ,, 

. Famille Kang-Hsi ,, ,, 

verte, 
Three colour 

. Famille Yung- „ 

rose Cheng 

. Famille Early A. W. Bahr . 
noire Kang-Hsi 

,, n Ma chang kee , 

. Famille Early A. IV. Bahr 

verte, Kang-Hsi 
Three colour 



38. Figures of Parrots, 

etc. 

39. VASE . 



Famille 

jaune 



40. Puzzle Teapot Famille verte, 
Three colour 



Lee 'jcn cJiing 
Ma chang kee 
A. \V. Bahr 



75 
75 
75 

75 
76 

n 
78 

79 

So 



Chinese Porcelain 



LAT 
41. 


E AKTICLE 

Pair of Kylins . 


CLASS 

Famille verte, 
Three colour 


PERIOD 

Early 
Kang-H 


OWNER 

] 'ang tien chang 
5i 


PAGE 

. 82 




Pair of Hounds 


») 




A. IV. Bahr . 


. 82 


42. 


Flower-stand . 


11 




Lee ven ching . 


■ 83 


43- 


Writers Water 
Bottles 




R. D. Craig . 


. 84 




Teapot 






,, 


. 84 


44 


Vase 


Famille noire 




M. Chapeaux . 


• 85 


45 


Brush-pots 


Famille verte, 
Three colour 




A. IV. Bahr . 


. 86 




Figure of Toad 


M 




)) 


. 85 


46 


Figures 


^) 




)) 


• 87 


47 


Vase 


1) 




)) 


. 88 


4S. 


Figure 


■ 




)) 


. 89 


49 


Teacups . 


. Egg-shell, 
White 


" 


/. Orange 


. 90 


50 


Vase 


. Peach Kang-Hsi A. IV. Bahr . 
bloom 


• 91 


51- 


VASE 


. Celadon 


,, 


1) 


. 92 


52. 


Vase 


Peach bloom 


,, 


Li chi bat 


■ 93 




Writer's Wa 
Bottles 


ter 


" 


„ 


• 93 


53- 


Vase 
Bowls 


. White and 
Peach bloom 




Wong kai siir . 


• 94 

• 94 


54- 


Bottles 


:, 


'5 


H. E. King siao sa 


n. 95 


55- 


Vase 


. Clair-de- K 
lune 


ang-Hsi 


H.E. King siao sa 


J . 96 




Pilgrim Bottle . 


. 


Ch'ien- 
Lung 


„ 


. 96 




Writer's Water B 


owl ,, 


Yung- 
Cheng 


„ 


. 96 


56. 


Ginger Jars 


. Blue and K 
white 


ang-Hsi 


G. H. Thomson 


• 97 




Stamp Box 


Peach bloom 


• , 


,, 


• 97 


57- 


VASE 


. Blue and 
white 


" 


A. IV. Bahr . 


. 98 


58. 


Vases 


. 


.. 


J1 


• 99 


59- 


Ginger Jars 
Vase 


• 


" 


D. Landalc 


. 100 
. 100 



24 



List of Illustrations 



PLATE ARTICLE 


CLASS PERIOD 


OWNER 


PAGE 


60. 


Vases 


Soit paste, Ka.ng-nsi A. IV. Bahr . 


lOI 






Blue and 










white 






61. 


Vase 


Blue and „ 
white 


La veil yuen 


102 


62. 


VASE 


Powdered ,, 
blue 


A. W. Bahr . 


103 


63- 


Plates and Bowls Famille verte, „ 
Three colour 


)) 


104 


64. 


Jars 


Soft paste, ,, 
Five colour 


„ 


105 


65- 


VASE . . Famille verte, 


n 


106 






Five colour 






66. 


Vases 


,, ,, 


J/o chun lee 


107 


67. 


Birthday Plates 
Vase 


„ 


„ 


loS 

108 


68. 


Bowls 


») n 


D. Mdnikoff . 


109 




Bowls 


n )i 


A. ir. Bahr . 


109 


69. 


Vase 


II >i 


Ho chun lee 


no 


70. 


Plate 


), ,1 


A. W. Bahr . 


1 1 1 


71- 


Bowls 


>' i< 


I. 


1 12 


72. 


Plate 


t> It 


ri 


113 


73- 


Vase 


1, ,, 


,, 


114 


74- 


Dish 


„ 


., 


'15 


75- 


Plates 


■< 11 


Ho chun lee 


116 


76. 


Dishes 


)) n 


D. Mclmkotf . 


117 


77- 


VASE 


). 11 


Lord Kitchener 


118 


78. 


Vase 


,, 


A. IV. Bahr . 


119 


79- 


Figure of Unicorn 


n n 


P. Rain . 


I30 


80. 


Vases and Bottles 


Famille Vung- 
rose Cheng 


Li chi bai . 


121 


Si. 


Bowls 


,, Kang-Hs 


Bon Ian zini^^ . 


122 




Vase 


,, Ch'ien- 
Lung 


A. IV. Bahr . 


122 


82. 


VASE 


Cheng 


J. Stirling 


123 


83. 


Vase 

E 


25 


A. W. Balir . 


124 



Chinese Porcelain 



PLATE 


ARTICLE 


CLASS 


PERIOD 


OWNER 


PAGE 


84. 


Vase 


. Famille 
rose 


Yung- 
Cheng 


Ho chun lee 


125 


85- 


Flower-pots 


)) 


,, 


)i 


126 




Vase 


)) 


Ch'ien- 
Lung 


,1 


126 


86. 


Brush - holder 
Bowl 


and 


Yung- 
Cheng 


H.E. King siao san 


127 




Bottle 


. Egg-shell, 
Famille rose 


n 


„ 


127 


87. 


Vase 


Famille rose „ 


La kii'd sung . 


128 




Vase 


• . 


,, 


R. D. Craig . 


128 




Vase 


1^ 


n 


Taotai Hoo erh niai 


128 


88. 


Vase 


>> 


,, 


ctAuxion de Ruffl 


129 




Vase 


, Blue and 
white 


'• 


Taotai Hoo erh inaz 


129 




Vase 


Famille rose „ 


J. N. Jameson . 


129 


89. 


FIGURES 


>, 


,, 


J. Wormald 


130 


90. 


Bowls 


. Famille 

verte, 
Five colour 


Yung- 
Cheng 


C. 0. Liddell . 


131 


91. 


Jars 


. 


,, 


A. IV. Bahr . 


133 


92. 


Bottle 


Red and blue 


,, 


Yu tze sor 


133 




Vase 


■ 


Ch'ien- 
Lung 


G. D. Coutts . 


133 




BotUe 


n 


»i 


A. W. Bahr . 


133 


93- 


Vases 


Famille rose 


>> 


n 


134 


94- 


Vase 


1. 


1, 


,, 


135 


95- 


Vase 


,, 


,, 


B. Rosenhaurn . 


136 


96. 


Bowls 
Figure 


. 


" 


A. IV. Bahr . 


137 
137 


97- 


Jars 




,. 


Yu ixe sor 


■38 


98. 


Cups 




M 


C. 0. Liddell . 


139 




Vase 


• 




tl'ontf kai ^iir . 


139 


99. 


Vases and Jars 


Famille rose, 

Blue and 

white 


•' 


Peter Bahr 


140 


100. 


Snuff-bottles . 


Famille rose 




Liu wen choo . 


141 


lOI. 


Snuff-bottles . 


. Soft paste, 
Famille rose 


'■ 


A. W. Bahr . 


142 



26 



List of Illustrations 



PLATE ARTICLE 

102. Snuff-bottles 



. Glass and Ch'ien- Liu wen choo . ■ 143 
Enamel Lung 
103. Plaques . . Famille Kang-Hsi Taotai Shen tun ho . 144 

verte, 
Five colour 

Plaques and Panel . Famille Ch'ien- ,, „ . 144 

rose, Lung 

Blue and 
white 



104. Half-Vases for Famille Ka.ng-llsi, Sieu ize za 



145 





Screens 


verte, 

Famille 

rose 


Yung- 
Cheng 
and 
Ch'ien. 

Lung 








105. 


Plaque 


. Famille 
rose 


Ch'ien- 
Lung 


Zee lee yuen 




146 


106. 


Plaque 


), 


,, 


Taotai Shen tun ho . 


147 


107. 


Vases 


. Flambd 


)) 


F. E. Wilkinson 




148 


108. 


Figures 


Famille rose 


)) 


A. W. Bahr . 




149 


log. 


Vase 


. Enamel- 
ware 


t) 


D. Landale 




150 


no. 


Incense Burner 


» 


)) 


Wong kai zur . 




151 


III. 


Teapots, Plates 
Bowl 


and „ 


>» 


Dr. A. Stanley 




152 


112. 


Fish-bowl 


»i 


,, 


Wong kai zur . 




153 


113- 


Various Articles 


Jade 


,, 


D. Pecorini 




154 


114. 


Figures, &c. . 


»t 


,, 


„ 




155 


115. 


Bottles 


Jade, Stone 
and Crystal 


J, 


Yu ize sor 




156 


116. 


Botdes 


Glass 


j> 


Bon Ian zung, A . 
Bahr and G. 
Thomson 


W. 
H. 


157 


117. 


Carriage . 


. Red 
lacquer 


»5 


A. W. Bahr . 




158 


118. 


Figures and Screen . Ivory 


" 


Mrs. F. Ayscough 
and M. Perinezel 


159 


119, 


Helmet 


, Pottery 


„ 


A. Rose . 




160 


120. 


Vase 


. Famille 
rose 


Tao- 
Kwang 


Sir C. P. Chafer 




161 



27 



INDEX OF ARTICLES ACCORDING 
TO PERIODS 

Note. — The periods given to various articles are those gener- 
ally acknowledged by Chinese experts. Many pieces called Ming 
in Europe are ascribed to Early Kang-Hsi in China ; the manufac- 
ture overlapped the two reigns. Also (see Plate 80) articles given 
as Early Yung-Cheng might be ascribed to Late Kang-Hsi. 



Pottery 



Pottery 



Pottery 



Pottery 



Pottery 



Pottery 



HAN PERIOD. B.C. 206 to A.D. 220. 





ARTCCLE 


PLATE 


PAGE 


Vase 




. I 


42 


Camel 




. II 


43 


Incense 


Burner 


. Ill 


44 



WEI PERIOD. A.D. 220 to A.D. 264. 

. Temple .... 



SUI PERIOD. A.D. 581 to 618. 

. Vase .... 

. Tomb Urn 

T'ANG PERIOD. A.D. 618 to 906. 

. Cup, Dish and Goblet 

FIVE DYNASTIES. A.D. 907 to 960. 

. Lamp .... 



SUNG PERIOD. A.D. 960 to 1279. 

Incense Burner 
Cup 
Vase 

Tomb Urns 
Jar . . . 
Incense Burner 
29 



I 
III 



IV 

II 

II 

III 

V 

VI 

VII 

XII 



42 



42 

44 



45 



43 



43 
44 
46 

47 
48 
53 



Chinese Porcelain 



Monochrome — Clair-de- 
lune 


ARTICLE 

Cup 


1) M 


Flower Pot . 


'> ?) 


Dishes . 


Soft Paste— White . 


Boat 


Ironstone 


Rock . 



Pottery 



MING PERIOD. A.D. 1368 to 1644. 

. Incense Burner 
. Vase 
. Teapot . 



Monochrome — Apple 
green . 

„ Blanc-de- 

chine . 



Sang-de- 
boeuf . 



Celadon . 



Famille verte — Three 
„ colour 



M 


Five 




colour 


Soft Paste 


- White 


Egg-shell 


„ 


Blue and White 



Jar . . 
Incense Burner 



Vase 
Figure . 
Vases . 
Figures 
Teapots 
Kylins . 



Vase 

Water Cup 
Vase 



Gold-fish Bowl 



Figure 
Jars 
Vases 
Bowls 
Vase 



PLATE 


PAG] 


III 


4' 


VIII 


4< 


IX 


5' 


X 


5 


XI 


5: 


XXI 


6; 


XXIII 


6z 


XXXI 


7- 


IX 


5' 


XXXII 


7 


XIV 


5 


XV 


5' 


XVI 


5' 


XVII 


5' 


XVIII 


5' 


XIX 


6< 


XXVII 


6 


XXXIII 


7. 


XXVII 


6 


XXII 


6 


XXIV 


6 


XXVIII 


6 


XX 


6 


XXIX 


7 


XIII 


S 


XXV 


6 


XXX 


7 



SHUN-CHIH PERIOD. A.D. 1644 to 1662. 

Blue and White . Bowl XXXIV 

30 



Index of Articles according to Periods 





KANG-HSI 


PERIOD. A.D. 1662 to 1723. 




CLASS 

Monochrome - 


-Clair-de- 
lune . 


ARTICLE 

Vase 


PLATE 

LV 


PAGE 

96 


}» 


Sang-de- 
bceuf . 




XXVI 


67 


»i 


'» 


,,.... 


XXVII 


68 


») 


Celadon . 


...... 


LI 


92 


)> 


Peach 
bloom . 


Water Bottle and Bowl . 


XXXII 


73 


») 


)> 


Vase 


L 


91 


)» 


„ 


Vase and Writer's Water 
Bottle .... 


LII 


93 


)) 


>) 


Stamp Box .... 


LVI 


97 


Famille verte 


-Three 
colour . 


Bowl 


XXXIV 


75 




„ • 


Figures .... 


XXXVII 

XXXVIII 


78 
79 


>» 


n 


Puzzle Teapot . 


XL 


8l 


>» 


>» 


Kylins and Hounds . 


XLI 


82 


)) 


)) 


Flower Stand 


XLII 


83 


" 


) ' 


Writer's Water Bottles 
and Teapot . 


XLIII 


8+ 


»i 


)5 


Brush Pots and Figure 


XLV 


86 


)) 


J' 


Figures .... 


XLVI 


87 


)» 


M 


Vase 


XLVII 


88 


>) 


)> 


Figure .... 


XLVIII 


89 


Famille noire 




Vase 


XXXV 
XXXVI 


76 
77 


„ 




,, 


XLIV 


85 


Famille jaune 






XXXIX 


80 


Famille verte - 


— Five 
colour . 


Plates and Bowls 


LXIII 


104 


j> 


)) 


Vase 


LXV 


1 06 


»j 


') 


Vases 


LXVI 


107 


)> 


11 


Plates and Vase 


LXVII 


108 


j» 


11 


Bowls ..... 


LXVIII 


109 


*> 


11 


Vase 


LXIX 


no 



31 



Chinese Porcelain 



CLASS 

Famille verte 


— Five 
colour 


ARTICLE 

Plate . 


PLATE 

. LXX 


PAGE 

in 


.. 


M 


Bowls . 


. LXXI 


112 


)» 


V 


Plate . 


. LXXII 


113 


9) 


)J " 


Vase . 


. LXXIII 


114 


a 


ti 


Dish . 


. LXXIV 


"5 


, n 


)) 


Plates . 


. LXXV 


ii6 


)) 


») 


Dishes 


. LXXVI 


117 






Vase . 


. LXXVII 
. LXXVIII 


ii8 
119 


») 


») 


Figure of Unicorr 


1 . . LXXIX 


120 


)» 


)J 


Plaques and Panel 


. cm 


144 


)i 


)) 


Half- Vases. 


. CIV 


145 


Soft Paste — 


White 


Vase . 


. XXXII 


73 


)) 


Blue and 
white . 


Bottle . 


. X 


51 


)) 


.. 


Vases . 


. LX 


lOI 


») 


Five 
colour . 


Jars 


. LXIV 


105 


Blue and White 


Ginger Jars 


. LVI 


97 


>i 




Vase . 


. LVII 


98 


„ 




Vases . 


. LVIII 


99 


»i 




Ginger Jars and ^ 


/ase . LIX 


100 


)) 




Beaker 


. LXI 


102 


Egg-shell— White . 


Teacups 


. XLIX 


90 


Peach bloom 


on white . 


Vase and Bowls 


. LIII 


94 


,, 


11 


Bottles 


. LIV 


95 


Powdered blue 


Vase . 


. LXII 


103 


Famille rose 




Water Cup 


. XXXIII 


74 


,, 




Bowls . 


. LXXXI 


122 



YUNG-CHENG PERIOD. A.D. 1723 to 1736. 

Monochrome — Clair-de- 

lune . Writer's Water Bottle . LV 96 

,, Onion 

Krccn . Vase ..... XXXIII 74 
Famille verte — L i\'e 

colour ........ X 51 

3^ 



Index of Articles according to Periods 



CLASS 


ARTICLE 


PLATE 


PAGE 


Famille verte — Five 








colour . 


Jar . . . 


. XXIX 


70 


)> )) 


Bowls 


. XC 


131 


V " 


Jars . 


. XCI 


132 


Blue and White . 


Vase . 


. LXXXVni 129 


Egg-shell — Famille rose 


Bottle 


. LXXXVI 


127 


Blue with Colours . 


Bottles 


. XCII 


133 


Feunille rose 


Plate . 


. XXXIV 


75 


n ... 


Vases and Bottles 


. LXXX 


121 


I) ... 


Vase . 


. LXXXII 


123 


jj ... 


)) • 


. LXXXIII 


124 


J) ... 


„ . 


. LXXXIV 


125 


)i ... 


Flower Pots 


. LXXXV 


126 


... 


Brush - holder, Bow 








and Bottle 


. LXXXVI 


127 


)J ... 


Vases 


. LXXXVI I 


12S 


)) ... 


)) • 


. LXXXVIII 


129 


») ... 


Figures 


. LXXXIX 


130 


)) ... 


Half-vases 


. CIV 


145 


CH'IEN-LUNG PERIOD. A.D. 1736 to 1796. 




Pottery .... 


Teapot 


. XXXI 


72 


)) .... 


Helmet 


. CXIX 


160 


Monochrome — Clair-de- 








lune . 


Pilgrim Bottle . 


. LV 


96 


„ Flambe . 


Vases 


. CVII 


148 


Soft Paste— Famille rose 


Snuff-bottles . 


. CI 


142 


Blue and White 


Vases and Jars . 


. XCIX 


140 


)) • • 


Plaques and Panel . 


. cm 


144 


Blue with Colours 


Vase . . . . 


. X 


51 


)) 


,, . 


. XCII 


133 


Famille rose 


»» ■ 


. LXXXI 


122 


J) ... 


n . 


. LXXXV 


126 


)» ... 


Vases 


. XCIII 


J 34 


j» ... 


Vase . . . . 


. XCIV 


135 


M ... 


,, . . . . 


. XCV 


136 


)t ... 


Bowls and Figure . 


. XCVI 


137 


F 


33 







Chinese Porcelain 



CLASS 

Famille rose 



Glas* 



Enamel 



Jade 



Cryatal 
Pink-stone 
Lacquer 
Ivory 



ARTICLE 


PLATE 


PAGE 


Jars . . . . 


. XCVII 


138 


Cups and Vase 


. XCVIII 


139 


Vases and Jars . 


. XCIX 


140 


Snuff-bottles 


. C 


141 


Half- vases 


. CIV 


145 


Plaque 


. cv 


146 


)) 


. CVI 


147 


Figures 


. CVIII 


149 


Bottle and Bowl 


. XXXIII 


74 


Snuff-bottles . 


. CII 


143 


Bottles 


. CXVI 


157 


Snuff-bottles 


. CII 


143 


Jar . . . 


. CIX 


150 


Incense Burner 


. CX 


151 


Teapots, Plates, and 


Bowl CXI 


152 


Fish Bowl 


. CXI I 


153 


Various Articles 


. CXIII 


154 


Figures and Brush-h 


older CXIV 


155 


Bottle 


. CXV 


156 


5, 


. CXV 


156 


11 


. CXV 


156 


Carriage . 


. CXVII 


T58 


Figures and Screen 


. CXVIII 


159 



TAO-KWANG PERIOD. A.D. 1821 to 1851. 
Famille rose . . Vase CXX 



161 



34 



INDEX OF ARTICLES ACCORDING 
TO CLASS 



ARTICLE 



POTTERY. 

PERIOD 



Vase . 

Fijrure of a Camel 

Incense Burner . 

Model of a Temple 

Vase . 

Tomb Urn . 

Cup, Dish and Goblet 

Lamp . 

Incense Burner . 

Cup 

Vase . 

Tomb Urns 

Jar 

Incense Burner 

Incense Burners 

Vase 

Teapot 



Helmet 



Han 



Wei 

Sui 



T'ang . 

Five Dynasties 

Sung . 



Early Ming 

Ming . 
Ch'ien-Lung 



I 


42 


II 


43 


III 


44 


I 


42 


I 


42 


III 


44 


IV 


45 


11 


43 


11 


43 


III 


44 


V 


46 


VI 


47 


VII 


48 


XII 


53 


XXI 


62 


XXIII 


64 


XXXI 


72 


XXXI 


72 


CXIX 


1 60 



MONOCHROMES. 



Cup 

Flower Pot . 

Dishes . 

Vase 

Writer's Water Bowl 

Pilgrim Bottle 



COLOUR 


PERIOD 


PLATE 


PAGH 


Clair-de-lune . 


Sung . 


III 


44 


M 


>» 


VIII 


49 


1, 


>i 


IX 


50 


1. 


Kang-Hsi 


LV 


96 


J' 


Yung-Cheng . 


LV 


96 


l< 


Ch'ien-Lung . 


LV 


96 



35 



Chinese Porcelain 



ARTICLE 


COLOUR 


PERIOD 


PLATE 


PAGE 


Vases 


Flamb6 . 


Ch'ienLung . 


CVII 


148 


Jar . 


Apple green . 


Ming . 


IX 


50 


Incense Burner . 


M 


n 


XXXII 


73 


Vase 


B 1 a n c - d e 










chine 


Early Ming . 


XIV 


55 


Figure 


5) 


,, 


XV 


56 


Vases 


J) 


1) 


XVI 


57 


Figures 


') 


:■> 


XVII 


58 


Teapots 


15 


J) 


XVIII 


59 


Figures of Kylins 


„ 


1) 


XIX 


60 


Vase 


Sang-de-bceuf 


. iVIing 


XXVII 


68 


Water Cup 


1) 


)) 


XXXIII 


74 


Vase 

J, ... 


)) 


. Kang-Hsi 

1) 


XXVI 

XXVII 


67 

68 


»» ... 


Celadon . 


Ming . 


XXVII 


68 


., ... 


>, 


Kang-Hsi 


LI 


92 


Writer's Water Bottle 










and Bowl 


Peach bloom 


.. 


XXXII 


73 


Vase .... 


)) 


)i 


L 


91 


Vase and Writer's 










Water Bottle 


:, 


)» 


LII 


93 


Stamp Box 


n 


>i 


LVI 


97 


Vase .... 


Onion green 


Yung-Cheng . 


XXXIII 


74 


FAMILLE VERTE. THREE COLOUR. 




ARTICLE 




l-ERIOD 


TLATE 


PAGE 


Vase 


. Wing 




XXII 


63 


,, ... 


5t 




XXIV 


65 


Gold-fish Bowl 


1) 




XXVIII 


69 


Figures 


. Early 


Kang-Hsi 


XXXVII 


78 


,, . . . 


n 


)5 • • 


XXXVIII 


79 


Puzzle Teapot 


)> 


>! 


XL 


81 


Figures of Kylins and 


Hounds „ 


)) ' • 


XLI 


82 


Flower-stand . 


7» 


>> 


XLII 


83 


Writer's Water Bottles and 








Teapot 


H 


,1 


XLIII 


84 


Brush-pots and Figure 


• 


5) 


XLV 


86 



Figures Early Kang-Hsi 

Vase „ „ . 

figure „ „ . 

Bowl Kang-Hsi . 

Plates and Bowls ... „ . 



Vase 



FAMILLE NOIRE. 

. Early Kang-Hsi 



XLVI 


87 


XLVII 


88 


XLvni 


89 


XXXIV 


75 


Lxni 


104 


XXXV 


76 


XXXVI 


77 


XLIV 


S5 



Veise 



FAMILLE JAUNE. 

. Early Kang-Hsi 



XXXIX 



So 



FAMILLE VERTE. FIVE COLOUR. 

Note.— Pieces attributed to Yung-Cheng may be of a late Kang-Hsi 
production. 

. Ming 



Figure . . . . 

Jars . . . . 

Vase . . . . 

Vases . . . . 

Birthday Plates and Vase 

Bowls . . . . 

Vase . . . . 

Plate . . . . 

Bowls .... 

Plate .... 

Vase . . . . 

Dish . . . • 

Plates . . . . 

Dishes . . ■ ■ 

Vase . . . . 



Figure of Unicorn 

Plaques 

Half-v&ie< 



Kang-Hsi 



. XX 


61 


. XXIX 


70 


. LXV 


106 


. LXVI 


107 


. LXVII 


loS 


. LXVI 1 1 


109 


. LXIX 


1 10 


. LXX 


1 1 1 


. LXXI 


1 12 


. LXXII 


"3 


. LXXIII 


114 


. LXXIV 


"5 


. LXXV 


116 


. LXXVI 


117 


. LXXVI I 


iiS 


. LXXVI 1 1 


119 


. LXXIX 


120 


. cm 


144 


. CIV 


145 



37 



Chinese Porcelain 

ARTICLE PERIOD 

Vase Yung-Cheng 

Jar .... 

Bowls ..... „ . . 

Jars ..... .... 



PLATE 


PAGK 


X 


51 


XXIX 


70 


xc 


131 


XCI 


133 



Boat 

Vases 

Vase 

Bottle 

Vase 

Jars 

Snuff -bottles 



SOFT PASTE. 

COLOUR PERIOD PLATE PAGE 

White . . Sung . . X 51 

. Early Ming . XIII 54 

,, . . Kang-Hsi . XXXII 73 

Blue and white „ .X 51 

., ,, . LX loi 

Five colour . ,, . LXIV 105 

Famille rose . Ch'ien-Lung CI 142 



EGG-SHELL. 



Bowls 


. White . 


Early Ming . 


XXV 


66 


Teacups 


,, 


Kang-Hsi 


XLIX 


90 


Bottle 


. Famille rose 


Yung- Cheng . 


LXXXVI 


127 



Vase 
Bowl 



Ginger Jars 

Vase 

Vases 

Ginger Jars and Vase 

Beaker 

Vase 

Vases and Jars 

Plaques and Panels 



BLUE AND WHITE 

PERIOD 

. Ming . 



Shun-Chih 
Kang-Hsi 



Vung-Cheng 
Ch'ien-Lung 

38" 



PLATE 


PAGS 


XXX 


71 


XXXIV 


75 


XXXIV 


75 


LVI 


97 


LVII 


98 


LVIII 


99 


LIX 


100 


LXI 


102 


LXXXVI 1 1 


129 


XCIX 


140 


cm 


144 



Index of Articles according to Class 



VARIOUS COLOURS. 



ARTICLE 


COLOUR 


PERIOD 


PLATE 


Bottles 


. Blue with 








colours 


Yung-Cheng . 


XCII 


Vase 


'I 


Ch'ien-Lung . 


X 


II 


II 


II 


XCII 


Vase and Bowls 


. Peach bloom 








on white , 


Kang-Hsi 


LIII 


Bottles 


11 


11 


LIV 


Vase 


. Powdered blue 


u 


LXII 



133 

51 

133 

94 
95 

10^ 



Water Cup 

Bowls 

Plate 

Vases and Bottles . 

Vase 



FAMILLE ROSE. 

PERIOD 

. Kang-Hsi 



Flower Pots .... 
Brush-holder, Bowl and Bottle 

Vases ..... 



Figures . 

Half-vases 

Vase 



Vases 
Vase 



Bowls and Figure 

Jars 

Cups and Vase 

Vases and Jars 



Yung-Cheng 



Ch'ien-Lung 



XXX 11 1 


74 


LXXXI 


122 


XXXIV 


75 


LXXX 


121 


LXXXII 


123 


LXXXIII 


124 


LXXXIV 


125 


LXXXV 


126 


LXXXVI 


127 


LXXXVII 


128 


LXXXVIII 


129 


LXXXIX 


130 


CIV 


145 


LXXXI 


122 


LXXXV 


126 


.\CIII 


134 


XCIV 


'35 


XCV 


136 


XCVI 


'37 


XCV 1 1 


138 


XCVI 1 1 


139 


XCIX 


140 



39 



Chinese Porcelain 



ARTICLE 

Snuff-bottles 

Half-vases 

Plaque 

)) 
Figures 
Vase 



I'ERIOD 

Ch'ien-Lung 



Tao-Kwang 



PLATE 


PAGE 


C 


141 


CIV 


145 


CV 


146 


CVI 


147 


CVIII 


149 


CXX 


161 



WORKS OF ART OTHER THAN PORCELAIN. 



ARTICLE 




CLASS 


LERIOD 


PLATE 


PAGE 


Rock 




Ironstone 


Sung . 


XI 


52 


Bottle and Bowl 




Glass 


Ch'ien-Lung . 


XXXIII 


74 


Snuff-bottles 




»' 




CII 


143 


,, 




Enamel . 




CII 


143 


Vase . 




M 




CIX 


150 


Incense Burner . 




>, 




ex 


151 


Teapots, Plates 
Bowl . 


and 






CXI 


152 


Fish-bowl . 




,1 




CXI I 


153 


Various Articles 




Jade 




CXIII 


154 


Figures and Brush- 
holder . 


)i 




CXIV 


155 


Bottle 




n 




CXV 


156 


,, 




Crystal . 




CXV 


156 


„ 




Pink-stone 




CXV 


156 


„ 




Glass 




CXVI 


157 


Carriage 




Lacquer . 




CXVII 


158 


Figures and Screen 


Ivory 




CXVIII 


159 



40 



DESCRIPTION OF ARTICLES 



PLATE I 

Model of a Temple, Found in a tomb of the Wei Dynasty. 

Hard pottery, warm grey in colour, and green glaze. 
Height to ridge, 13! inches. 
Period, Wei. 

Vase. Inverted pear shape, with curved lip. Buff-coloured 
hard pottery, covered with creamy grey glaze. The 
design is engraved, and the characters round the upper 
half are in fish-roe ground. 

Height, 15 inches. 

Period, Sui. 

Vase. Bulbous body with slender curved neck and spread- 
ing rim, from which spring two handles to shoulder. 
Light buff-coloured pottery, partially covered with 
transparent fine crackle glaze of an amber tint. 

Height, 14^ inches. 

Period, Han. 

From the collection of H.E. Viceroy Taan Fang. 



42 



Plate I 




to- «S* 






S> ' 



^ to: 
w m 



^i 



5 



Plate II 




fill 



^] 



!rS 






PLATE 11 

Lamp, with Cover. Coarse brown pottery, covered sparselj'' 
with faint greenish glaze. One of. the lamps of pottery 
used in early times by the Chinese. 

Height, 10 inches. 

Period, Five Dynasties, 

From the collection of Taotai Hwang chnng httei. 

Figure of Camel and Stand. Gre3'ish pottery. Carrying 
a load on back and head uplifted. A very uncommon 
and interesting specimen of the period. 

Height, 15 inches. 

Period, Han. 

From the collection of St en tzc za. 

Incense Burner and ^ Cover. Pottery, with sprinklings of 

greenish glaze. 
Height, 6i inches. 
Period, Sung. 

From the collection of Taotai Hivang chnng huei. 



43 



PLATE III 

Tomb Urn. Hard grey pottery, with greenish grey crackled 
glaze. Twelve figures round neck, with dragon and 
pearl above. 

Height, 14J inches. 

Period, Sui. 

Cup. Hard coarse stoneware, with black, slightly iridescent, 
glaze, called in China " Rabbit Hair," known also as the 
" slow-drying cup," and is supposed to have the property 
of keeping water sweet and fresh with ver}^ little evapora- 
tion. Made in Tu-Chein. 

Height, 3 inches. 

Period, Sung. 

Cup. Porcelain, hard grey paste, with pale blue glaze, 

known as Clair-de-lune. 
Height, 2 inches. 
Diameter, 5 inches. 
Period, Sung. 

Incense Burner, with cover and two handles. Pottery. 
Height, 7 inches. 
Period, Han. 

From the collection of Taotai Hwang chung huei. 



44 



Plate III 




Plate IV 




PLATE IV 

Cup. Pottery, covered with a thick creamy-white dull 
glaze, known as " Ta-Hee " ware, said by the Chinese 
to be one of the first attempts to produce white vessels 
of pottery ; made in Szechuan ; mentioned in Tu-foo's 
book on T'ang pottery, volume 12. This cup is said 
to have been in the possession of one family since 
the Sung Dynasty, say 650 years. 

Height, 2\ inches. 

Diameter, 4I inches. 

Period, T'ang. 

Dish. Hard grey pottery, covered with creamj' white, 
rather thick, crackled glaze. Made at Lai-Chu, now 
Shing-Chow, mentioned in Chinese books of the Sung 
period. 

Height, \\ inches. 

Diameter, 4 J inches. 

Period, T'ang. 

Goblet. Stand is fluted horizontally. Very hard red 
pottery covered by dull drab glaze. This pottery 
has been described by some Chinese authorities as 
porcelain, but it fails to fulfil all the requirements of 
true porcelain. Made at Nanping. 

Height, 5 inches. 

Diameter, 5 inches. 

Period, T'ang. 

From the collection of Taotai Hivaiig eliding Inici. 



45 



PLATE V 

Vase. Pottery, a brown speckled glaze covering body 
and upper part of vase, lower parts being unglazed 
with twelve heads in high relief of animals of the 
Signs of the Zodiac, and inscriptions, under their 
respective heads, of each month of the year. It is 
a ver}'- interesting vase, and European connoisseurs 
are now giving their attention to the early pottery 
class. 

Height, 14} inches. 

Period, Sung. 

From the collection of Lee ven dung. 



46 



Plate V 




j^ ^ m ^ 



Plate VI 



^^^^^^^^^^^^^V l^^^^^^^l 


!■ 


^^V^^^l 






^^^■|'yy^-< i^^^^^^H 




^^^MF- ^y^^^^^^l 








^^^^B\ ^^^^^^^^^H 


^gH 


SiiS 



JS, ^- ^t. ^s 



PLATE VI 

Pair of Tomb Urns. Pottery, covered with a cream-buff 
crackle glaze inclined to green in parts, surrounded 
with modelled figures and dragons in high relief, sur- 
mounted by covers with birds. These urns were ex- 
cavated within the last two years, somewhere in 
Szechuan, Kansu or adjacent provinces, and though 
indifferent specimens are to be procured, perfect speci- 
mens in pairs with original covers, and the subjects of 
decoration in high relief and good glazes, are very rare. 
Opinions differ as to age, but all are agreed that they 
are earlier than the Ming period. The author places 
the period at the Sung Dynasty. 

Height, 2-j inches. 

Period, Sung. 

Now in the pjssession of John Si. Audlcy. 



47 



PLATE VII 

Jar. Pottery, believed to be of an age before the Sung 
period, covered with a creamy glaze and decorations in 
sepia of grotesque figtires and trees, with characters 
denoting a poem. This is a very interesting class of 
potter}^, and a fine specimen. 

Height, 12 inches. 

Period, Sung. 

From the collection' of A. W. Bahr. 



48 



Plate VII 




•^ ^ ^ 



PLATE VIII 

Flower Pot. Hexagonal, curved and indented sections. 
Porcelain, with blue and purple glazes over. A fine 
example of this ancient ware, which is much prized by 
Chinese collectors, considered one of the best of this 
class in the Exhibition. 

Height, 7| inches. 

Diameter, lo inches. 

Period, Sung. 

From the collection of Taotai Hoo erh mai. 



49 



PLATE IX 

Dish. Oblong hexagonal, with indented edge. Blue-purple 
glaze over brown. Clair-de-lune class. This is known 
as the early Sung porcelain, and the deep purple and 
other colours have a charm of their own : much prized 
by Chinese and Japanese connoisseurs, who pay high 
prices for good and perfect specimens. 

Height, 2\ inches. 

Length, 8 inches. 

Period, Sung. 

Jar. Oviform, with curved lip, apple green crackled. The 
quality of the glaze is exceedingly good, and this is a 
valuable specimen of the apple green class, so popular 
with Chinese and American collectors. 

Height, 6 inches. 

Period, Ming, 

Dish. Round in curved sections, indented and concave edge. 

Blue-purple glaze over brown, Clair-de-lune class. 
Height, 3 inches. 
Length, 9 inches. 
Period, Sung, 

From the collection of Bon ian zimg. 



SO 



Plate IX 







«? 



"(S m* 






Plate X 




H 

x-^'^ 

u 






4 ^ 



<^ 






PLATE X 

Vase. Bottle shape, blue under-glaze decoration, with 
flowers and other ornamentation in two shades of red. 
Mark, blue seal. 
Height, 8^ inches. 
Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

Bottle. With long neck, soft paste, blue and white, fine 
crackle, creamy white and fine blue decoration of vases, 
screen, peacock-teathers, etc. 

Mark, double ring. 

Height, 5 inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Vase. Double gourd shape, five colour decoration of dragon, 

phoenix and peony. 
Height, 8f inches. 
Period, Yung-Cheng. 

Boat. With child seated inside, white soft paste, and incised 

key-pattern border round edge 
Height, 2 inches. 
Length, 7 inches. 
Period, Sung. 

From the collection of Wong kai ziir. 



51 



PLATE XI 

Rock. Said to be excavated during the Sung D3'nasty; 
shape is called "The Curling Clouds," and is extra- 
ordinary and rare, the usual size being about the size 
of a fist. Much appreciated by Chinese collectors, and 
high prices are paid for similar articles. This specimen 
is said to be famous all over the Empire. The weight 
is heavy, and stone resembles iron-ore. 

Height, 2 feet 8 inches. 

Period, Sung. 

From the collection of Zee kwan yin. 



52 



Plate XI 




i^ T^ m ^ 



Plate XII 



PLATE XII 

Incense Burner or Bowl. Pottery covered with a green- 
tint glaze all over the body and base, and a kind of 
ripe-peach red bursting out in large patches and various 
size spots on part of the surface. The inside is only 
partially glazed to about half an inch from the rim, 
whilst the unglazed portion shows a brown-red pottery 
of apparently Sung origin. This specimen closely re- 
sembles the high priced and much admired peach bloom 
of the Kang-Hsi period, and is probably the result of 
the firing process used for the later product. 

Height, 3| inches. 

Period, Sung. 

Now ill the possession of Charles L. Freer. 



53 



PLATE XIII 

Pair of Vases, with high neck spreading to flanged rim, 
under which are animal-head handles with loose rings 
of the superfine quality soft paste or " Fen-Ting," and 
covered with a brilliant glaze of a creamy tint. It 
is crackled in a most extraordinary way from the 
rim to the shoulder. The crackles decrease in size 
firom the centre of the neck to the body, but again 
broaden towards the base ; the quality of the crackle, 
which is even on the loose rings, is a point of great 
attraction. Under the glaze are deep and striking 
incised designs of dragon and flying phoenix, with 
formal patterns on neck and near base. Centre under 
the base is also glazed and crackled, with unglazed 
surface around. The Chinese connoisseurs prize the 
soft paste or "Fen-Ting" even above the famous 
peach bloom, apple green, or heavenly blue. These 
vases have the same weight as egg-shell porcelain. 
Chinese authorities are inclined to place the period 
at Sung, but the author is of opinion that the articles 
are of early Ming production. 

Height, 7J inches. 

Period, early ]Ming. 

From the collection of A. W. Balir. 



54 



Plate XIII 




;\. ^^ %'jf 



Plate XIV 




rfe 



i^ 'W 



PLATE XIV 

Vase, Blanc-de-chine. Of the very best shade of slightly- 
pink glaze thickly coated over translucent porcelain. 
Neck has various floral designs and symbols in relief, 
and the body has similar patterns incised in paste under 
glaze, the whole producing a very attractive appearance . 
This class of porcelain, from the purity of paste and 
charm of various shades of white, pink, and cream, 
will undoubtedly increase in popularity at no distant 
date, and one has only to view a well displayed col- 
lection of this ware to be fascinated with its subtle 
charm. 

Height, 14 inches. 

Period, early Ming. 

From the collection of A, W. Balir. 



55 



PLATE XV 

Figure of the Goddess Kuan- Yin, standing on a pedestal, 
exquisitely modelled and covered with a rich creamy 
glaze, Blanc-de-chine. These good pieces of Blanc- 
de-chine are now much sought after by Chinese col- 
lectors, and are difficult to procure. 

Height, 14 inches. 

Period, early Ming. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



56 



Plate XV 




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Plate XVI 










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PLATE XVI 

Vase, with wide neck, Blanc-de-chine. 
Height, 6 1 inches. 
Period, early Ming. 

Vase, with wide base, lizard coiled round shoulder, Blanc-de- 
chine, of exquisite colour in subdued cream-pink trans- 
lucent porcelain ; a charming little piece. 

Height, 4J inches. 

Period, early Ming. 

Vase, bottle shape, Blanc-de-chine, floral pattern modelled 

in paste. 
Height, \2\ inches. 
Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Pot on three feet, Blanc-de-chine, of exquisite colour and 

fine condition. 
Height, 2 1 inches. 
Period, early Ming. 

Vase, with long neck, around which a lizard is coiled, of 
the best colour of pink-cream. This specimen is well 
w^orthy of attention. At present Chinese and Japanese 
connoisseurs are keenly competing for this class. 

Height, 8 inches. 

Period, early Ming. 

From the collection of L Grcnard. 



57 



PLATE XVII 

Figure Standing on Waves ; the Priest that walked across 
the Yangtsze river on a reed, to escape from the pur- 
suit of the eneni)'. According to legend, he was a 
deified Priest who had supernatural powers and was 
sent from heaven to deliver the South from the North- 
ern aggressors. The Figure is of a cream-yellow tint, 
of Blanc-de-chine, and the expression on the face shows 
the high standard of the art of that period. 

Height, 5I inches. 

Period, early Ming. 

Figure. The God of Study or Literature, with head bent 
down in a thoughtful pose. The fine and deep lines 
that run through the whole figure make it very attrac- 
tive and imposing. It is of the creamy white class 01 
Blanc-de-chine. 

Height, 13 inches. 

Period , early Ming. 

Statuette of the Goddess Kuan-Yin, kneeling with a scroll 
in hand. It is of the pure white tint of Blanc-de-chine, 
and the perfect state, even to the finger tips, is worthy 
of attention. 

Height, 8 inches. 

Period, early Ming. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



58 



Plate XVII 




# 






3* 



Plate XVIIl 







PLATE XVIII 

Pair of Teapots, with dragon handles and dragon spouts. 
One of the teapots is of a creamy pink tint, and the 
other of a yellow tint, both of Blanc-de- chine class. The 
purity of the porcelain is proved b)^ its translucent 
qualities. The Blanc-de-chine manufactured in the 
Kang-Hsi period has a cold blue-white tinge and can 
be easily detected from that of Ming Blanc-de-chine, 
which has never been successfully imitated. 

Height, 5 inches and 5! inches. 

Period, early Ming. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



59 



PLATE XIX 

Kylins, Blanc-de-chine. This ware is known as the " Fuch- 
ien White," and the translucency, on account of the 
purity of the material used, is greatly esteemed. 

Height, pair, 8 inches ; single, lo inches. 

Period, early Ming. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



60 



Plate XIX 




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Plate XX 




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PLATE XX 

Figure Representing Longevity. Five colour, a light coral 
red ground shading over cloak, and designs of flames, 
waves, bats, etc., in brilhant glazes of yellow, green, 
aubergine and turquoise blue ; a brilliant example of the 
work of this period. 

Height, 14 inches. 

Period', early Ming. 

From the collection of A. W. Balir. 



61 



PLATE XXI 

Incense Burners. Potter}-. Three colour, turquoise and 
yellow in relief on purple gi-ound. Decoration, one, 
with handles of two fish rising out of the waters, and 
other, of two K)'lins standing on hind legs ; both are 
with animal-head supports. 

Height, 6 inches. 

Period, early Ming. 

From the collection of A. W. Bah}: 



62 



Plate XXI 







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Plate XXII 




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PLATE XXII 

Vase. Pear shape, with spreading neck, Famille verte, 
three colour. Decoration, raised design of flowers in 
high relief of rich purple, turquoise and cream colours, 
and two floral handles on neck in similar shades, the 
whole on a ground of light turquoise glaze thickly 
coated. Base also glazed. 

Height, 1 6 inches. 

Period, early Ming. 

Noiu in the possession of Lord Kitchener. 



63 



PLATE XXIII 

Vase. With small neck. Pottery, three colour. De- 
coration, with purple, turquoise, )'ellow and other tints 
of thick enamel. Two panels with flying cranes ; upper 
borders boldly outlined with rosettes, lower border 
plain bands in blue. 

Height, 8 inches. 

Period, early Ming. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



64 



Plate XXIII 




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Plate XXIV 




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PLATE XXIV 

Vase. Famille verte, three colour. Decoration, leaf pattern 
in turquoise on top of neck, flying phoenix and clouds in 
yellow and turquoise on indigo blue shading to purple 
ground. On lower part of neck, two unicorn-head 
handles, in purple, aubergine and turquoise. The body 
of vase with flying dragons, clouds and waves in brilliant 
colours of yellow, cream and turquoise, all on purple 
shade ground. 

Height, 13 inches. 

Period, Ming. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



65 



PLATE XXV 

Pair of Bowls, white Egg-shell of beautiful translucency ; 
incised in the paste are designs representing various 
symbolic signs, with the mark in four archaic char- 
acters of Yung-Lo. The paste is of the finest, and the 
workmanship leaves nothing to be desired. 

These pieces are perfect specimens of the early egg- 
shell porcelain, called by the Chinese "Bodyless," and 
described by native writers as being produced in the 
Yung-Lo period of the Ming Dynasty. 

Diameter, 8 inches. 

Period, early Ming. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr 



66 



Plate XXV 




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Plate XXVI 




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PLATE XXVI 

Vase. Bottle-shape. Sang-de-bceuf of rich blood red, not 
clotted like the Ming specimens, but perfectly clear ; 
deep thick glaze, crackled towards top. Base glazed. 

Height, 15 inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of L. c. tiing. 



6; 



PLATE XXVII 

Vase. Bottle shape. Sang-de-boeuf, crackled, with rich dark 
red glaze ; a fine specimen of this valuable and rare 
class. Base is of light green celadon crackled. 

Height, 4 inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Vase. Gourd shape. Sang-de-boeuf, crackled, similar to 

above in all details. 
Height, 4 inches. 
Period, Ming. 

Vase. Bottle shape. Celadon crackled, of the same class 
as the above Sang-de-boeuf, but instead of the red 
glaze it has the deep celadon glaze. 

Height, 4^ inches. 

Period, Ming. 

Vase. Bottle shape. Sang-de-boeuf, crackled. This is also 
similar to the first t\YO pieces and of about the same 
grade. 

Height, 4 inches. 

Period, Ming. 

From the collection of H.E. King siao san. 



68 



Plate XXVII 




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Plate XXVIII 




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PLATE XXVIII 

Gold-fish Bowl. Famille verte, three colour. Decoration, 
rich deep blue five-claw dragon and yellow flames, 
floral patterns and flowers, on coarse white porcelain. 
It has the well-known Mohammedan blue, and the 
yellow is deep and strong, a colour only found in 
Ming specimens ; its very coarseness and grotesque- 
ness lend a certain bold charm which is not found in 
later periods. 

Mark on rim, 6 characters of the Wan-Li reign. 

Height, 2 feet 4 inches. 

Period, Ming. 

From the collection of Wong kai zur. 



69 



PLATE XXIX 

Jar with Cover. Famille verte, five colour. Decoration, 
picture of palace ladies in a garden ; colours, on white 
ground, principally deep red, blue and green. Base is 
not glazed. 

Height, 15 inches. 

Period, Yung-Cheng. 

From the collection of Van yii yuen. 

Jar. Five colour. Decoration, red and yellow gold-fish 
finely executed, and under glaze. Diaper band around 
the mouth and base. 

Height, 13 inches. 

Period, Ming. 

From the collection of Lee ven ching. 

Jar with Cover. Five colour. Floral decoration ; the 
green and red are over the glaze, and blue is under 
the glaze. 

Height, 20 inches. 

Period, Ming. 

From the collection of Ma chang kee. 



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Plate XXIX 










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Plate XXX 




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PLATE XXX 

Vase. Double gourd shape. Blue and white. Conventional 
borders round neck, middle and base. The body 
decorated with dragon, phoenix and cloud scrolls, all 
in dark blue. A very fine example of the Mohammedan 
blue, which is used in the decoration of this specimen. 

Mark, characters in double ring. 

Height, 19 inches. 

Period, Ming. 

From the collection of L. Grenard. 



71 



PLATE XXXI 

Tea or Wine Pots. Pottery, quaint shapes "wath smooth 
and even finish of a dark terra-cotta shade. One is 
shaped like the shell of a snail, another like a Chinese 
egg-plant. The old earthenware teapots are much 
sought after by Chinese connoisseurs. 

Heights, about 4 to 5 inches. 

Period, Ming. 

Teapot (in centre of illustration). Pottery. Decorated 
with designs of characters and scroll work inlaid with 
gold. 

Height, about 3 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of Bon Ian ziing. 



72 



Plate XXXI 



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Plate XXXII 



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PLATE XXXII 

Writer's Water Bottle, with small neck and opening. 
Peach bloom glaze, with beautiful splashes of green 
and pink, producing an exceedingly attractive effect. 

Mark, 6 characters. 

Height, 3| inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Incense Burner with handles. Apple green glaze, crackled. 
This specimen is of a high class, as the colour reaches 
the much sought-after shade of the natural green of 
unripe apples. 

Height, 3^ inches. 

Period, Ming. 

Vase. Bottle shape, with long cylindrical neck. White 

glaze on soft paste porcelain. 
Height, 6 inches. 
Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Writer's Water Bowl. Peach bloom glaze, with very 
prominent splashes of green and shading of various 
pinks ; considered a very fine piece. 

Mark, 6 characters. 

Height, i\ inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of Kam hen tsung. 



K n 



PLATE XXXIII 

Bottle and Writer's Water Bowl. Glass. Creamy white 
and opal, decorated in fine Famille rose tints. These 
are exquisite and genuine specimens by the famous 
artist, Ku-yu-sien, and are very rare and costly, being 
much sought after by Chinese connoisseurs. 

Marks, 4 characters. 

Height, T,\ inches and ij inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

Vase. Onion green, incised pattern under glaze. An un- 
common specimen, and a beautiful colour. Chinese 
consider this vase a unique specimen. 

Height, 3|^ inches. 

Period, Yung-Cheng. 

Writer's Water Cup (left of illustration). Sang-de-boeuf, 

crackled. Under base is the 
Mark, Ta Ming Ching hwa nien chih. 
Diameter, 4 inches. 
Period, Ming. 

Writer's Water Cup (right of illustration). Ruby coloured 
ground, with white and various coloured flowers and 
decoration in Famille rose. The specimen is one which 
is open to a difference of European expert opinion as 
to whether it is of Kang-Hsi or Yung-Cheng periods. 
Chinese experts agree to late Kang-Hsi. This piece 
is particularly admired by Chinese, and is of a similar 
class to the pair of bowls, Plate Lxxxi. 

Mark, 4 characters, is that of Kang-Hsi reign. 

Diameter, 4.^ inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of H.E. King siao sail. 



74 



Plate XXXIII 




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Plate XXXIV 




PLATE XXXIV 

Bowl. Blue and white. Figure representing "Longevity" 
under a tree with eight immortals round the sides. 
This specimen presents two distinct shades of blue 
approaching the Kang-Hsi treatment. 

Mark, characters in double ring, Wan-Li. 

Diameter, 9 inches. 

Period, Ming. 

Bowl. Blue- tinted white, with light blue figures and 
flower on sides. On the base in a double ring are 
the characters Ta-cheng Shun-Chi. Shun-Chi, in the 
eleventh 3'ear of his reign, re-opened the Imperial 
Porcelain Factory at Kin-te-Chen. But little porcelain 
was made during the short reign of this Emperor, and 
pieces are seldom met with. 

Diameter, 5 inches. 

Period, Shun-Chi. 

Plate. Famille rose. Black ground with green and red 

floral decorations. 
Mark, characters in double ring. 
Diameter, 5I inches. 
Period, Yung-Cheng. 

Bowl. Semi-eggshell porcelain, fine quality, and is a 
good specimen of the Famille verte, three colour class. 
Mark, 6 characters in double ring. 
Diameter, 6 inches. 
Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of Taotai Hwang chnng hiici. 



75 



PLATE XXXV 

Vase. Square shape, tapering towards the base with 
cyhndrical neck. Famille noire. The four panels of 
this vase represent landscape effects of night, with the 
four different phases of the moon. Black ground is 
appropriate, being night scenes. 

The enamel used in the decoration is very brilhant 
and thickly coated ; the landscapes comprise rocks, 
mountains, trees, pagodas, boats and flowers ; the neck 
is decorated with asters, rocks, etc. 

The colour is principally shades of green, with yel- 
low, white and aubergine. 

Mark, 6 characters. 

Height, 29 inches. 

Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



Plate XXXV 



Plate XXXVI 



PLATE XXXVI 

Vase. Oviform shape with expanding neck. Famille noire. 
Decoration, prunus blossoms, branches, birds and rocks 
in various greens, white, aubergine and yellow on a 
brilliant black enamel ground. This is a specimen 
known as the ascending prunus pattern, and the black 
ground is, as usual, covered with an almost invisible 
green glaze. 

Mark, 6 characters enclosed in double ring. 

Height, 21 inches. 

Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

Frovi the collection of Ma chang kce. 



77 



PLATE XXXVII 

Figure of Kuan-Yin. Famille verte, three colour. The 
cloak of whole body is covered with a vitreous cream 
glaze, with medallions of flying storks and clouds in 
aubergine, green and yellow ; hood or mantle has a 
floral pattern also of the conventional three colours. 

Height, 8 inches. 

Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

Figure of Kuan-Yin. A light celadon, the bodice of yellow 
ground with aubergine, green and black designs ; the 
hair of the usual brilliant black. 

Height, 10 inches. 

Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

Figure of a Taoist Divinity. All white vitreous glaze except 
brilliant black enamel of cap and beard ; this is an 
uncommon figure, and the subject is interesting. 

Height, 5 inches. 

Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



78 



Plate XXXVII 




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Plate XXXMII 




PLATE XXXVIII 

Pair of Green Parrots, with yellow, aubergine and green 

plinth stands ; the beak and feet are in biscuit. 
Height, i\, inches. 
Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

Pair of Three-Legged Green Toads, with children on 
backs. The children have yellow jackets with biscuit 
faces. All are Famille verte, three colour class. 

Height, 6 inches. 

Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of Lee vcn ching. 



79 



PLATE XXXIX 

Vase. Famille jaune. Pale yellow ground, with rocks, 
branches of flowering prunus, and birds, in brilliant 
glazes of cream, aubergine, green and blue. 

Mark, double ring with small square enclosed. 

Height, <)\ inches. 

Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of Ala chang kee. 



80 



Plate XXXIX 



Plate XL 




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PLATE XL 

Puzzle Teapot in the form of a peach. Famille verte, 
three colour. Decoration, ground of brilhant apple 
green with one side, a carp with weeds, and other, a 
crab in brilliant enamels, of aubergine, green, and black. 
Spout and handle have black patches on green ground, 
and are h6ld to the body by branches of leaves which 
are in high relief and enamelled in brilliant green. The 
lower part of the teapot is decorated with a darker 
shade of green leaves and aubergine flowers. 

Height, 6^ inches. 

Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

From tlic coUccti<j}i of A. 11'. Bahr. 



Si 



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PLATE XLI 

Pciir of Kylins on stands, one with its 5'oung, and the other 
%Yith a ball. Decorated with brilliant green glaze and 
sprinkling of yellow and aubergine, all lightly painted 
in the three colours of the Famille verte class. 

Height, 1 6 inches. 

Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of Yang tien chang. 

Pair of Hounds. Black enamel throughout, excepting the 
collar, which is green ; the mouth and teeth in white 
biscuit glaze. Famille verte, three colour class. 

Height, 10 inches. 

Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



82 



Plate XLI 







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Plate XLII 




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PLATE XLII 

Flower Stand. Hexagonal shape. Famille verte, three 
colour. The top of stand is pierced. Decoration, prunus 
on a brilliant crackled-ice design of green ground. The 
painting is executed with the greatest delicacy and 
detail. A very rare specimen, and of a high standard 
of quality, which is not often seen in these articles. 

Height, 7 inches. 

Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of Lee veil ching 



83 



PLATE XLIII 

Writer's Water Bottles. Wine God reclining against wine 
jar. Famille verte, three colour combination, and all 
have fine glazes. 

Height, 31 inches. 

Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

Teapot. Shape of a pomegranate. Famille verte, three 

colour. Decorated in aubergine, yellow and green. 
Height, 3i inches. 
Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of R. D. Craig. 



84 



Plate XLIII 




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Plate XLIV 




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PLATE XLIV 

Vase. Square shape, tapering towards! the base, with cyhn- 
drical neck. Famille noire. Decoration, eight white 
panels of various shapes with vases, utensils, etc., in 
aubergine, green and yellow ; four reserves on body 
and two on neck with similar colours ; all on black 
ground. Decoration is uncommon. 

Mark, 6 characters. 

Height, i8i inches. 

Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of M. Chapeaux. 



85 



PLATE XLV 

Brush Pot. Famille verte, three colour ; pierced bamboo 
pattern. Design is a rockery (not seen in illustration), 
yellow enamel, with bamboo stalks a rich aubergine, 
and prunus leaves and stems, green, }'ellow and cream, 
intertwined about the bamboo stalks. 

Height, 6 inches. 

Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

Three-Legged Toad. Famille verte, three colour. Brilliant 
green enamel with breast of white glaze and tips of 
toes in black enamel ; eyes of black, with yellow border. 

Height, 5 inches. 

Period, earl}^ Kang-Hsi. 

Brush Pot. Famille verte, three colour ; peacock blue glaze, 
pierced bamboo pattern, with bamboo foliage binding 
the same together. 

Height, 6 inches. 

Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



86 



Plate XLV 







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Plate XLVI 







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PLATE XLVI 

Pair of Figures. Faraille verte, three colour ; white vitreous 
glaze. The one with yellow cloak and aubergine bowl 
in hand, shoe in brilliant green enamel ; the other 
has jacket or cloak decorated with a chess-board design 
of black, aubergine, green and yellow enamels. The 
jovial expression on faces of figures is admired by 
Chinese. 

Height, 5 inches. 

Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

From the. collection of A. W. Bahr. 



87 



PLATE XLVII 

Vase. Square shape. Famille verte, three colour. Black 
fish-roe pattern on green ground ; eight fan and leaf 
shape panels, with Kylins, flowers, butterflies and other 
subjects, all in brilliant enamels of the class (black, 
3'ellow, green and aubergine). The whole vase is covered 
with vitreous glaze of a cream tint. 

Mark, at the base, a leaf 

Height, 1 8 inches. 

Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



Plate XL VII 




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Plate XLVIII 




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PLATE XLVIII 

Figure of Kuan- Yin in Grotto. Famille verte, three colour. 
Brown glaze, splashed with blue. Head and neck of 
principal figure in biscuit, blue and celadon garments. 
A dove in white, and vase with lotus in celadon on 
either side of shoulders ; at side, smaller figures simi- 
larly treated. 

Height, i\\ inches. 

Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of A. IV. Bahr. 



M Sg 



PLATE XLIX 

Pair of Egg-shell Tea-cups with covers, of beautiful chalk 
white quality and extra-thin texture. When held to 
the light the rings of the potter's wheel show, and 
from the paste and glaze they are undoubtedly early 
Kang-Hsi. 

This special ware is much admired by Chinese con- 
noisseurs. 

Height, i\ inches. 

Period, early Kang-Hsi. 

Now in the possession of J. Orange. 



90 



Plate XLIX 




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Plate L 




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PLATE L 

Vase. Bottle shape, with long cylindrical neck. Peach 
bloom glaze, with splashes of green, on a pink-tint 
ground of various shades. A large specimen of this 
class of peach bloom variety. 

Mark, 6 characters. 

Height, 7 inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the colleciion of A. W. Bahr. 



91 



PLATE LI 

Vase. On neck are two animal-head handles and loose 
rings in biscuit. Monochrome. The body is decorated 
in archaic design modelled in paste, covered with dark 
green celadon glaze of the Kang-Hsi production of this 
class. A good example of the monochrome family ; 
the shape, colour and mark made this piece of special 
interest to Chinese. 

Mark, 6 characters in double ring. 

Height, \2\ inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



Plate LI 



Plate LII 









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PLATE LII 

Vase and Writer's Water Bottles. Peach bloom. All of 
good colours, with prominent green spots and splashes. 
The high esteem of this class held by the Chinese is 
well known, and it is increasing in favour ; no Chinese 
collector can boast of a porcelain collection if it does 
not include at least one specimen of this class. 

Marks, 6 characters. 

Height of Vase, 6 inches. 

„ „ Water Bottles, 3 J inches. 

Diameter, 5 inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of Li chi bai. 



93 



PLATE LIII 

Vase. Bottle shape. White ground, with dragon in peach 
bloom colours under the glaze. Much esteemed by 
Chinese connoisseiu^s, the coiling dragon on a beautiful 
white ground gives a charming effect, which is con- 
sidered characteristic of the good taste of the Chinese 
artist in early days. 

Height, 7 inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Pair of Bowls. White ground. Design of chrysanthe- 
mum flowers and foliage in subdued peach bloom 
colours, all under glaze. 

Marks, 6 characters. 

Height, i\ inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of Wong kai zur. 



94 



Plate LIII 







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Plate LIV 




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PLATE LIV 

Pair of Bottles. Pure white porcelain, with decoration of 
dragons in peach bloom colours under the glaze. The 
colours appear strong in the illustration, but are really 
quite soft with the beautiful variety of tints belonging to 
the proper peach bloom class. This remark also applies 
to the articles shown in Plate liii. 

Marks, 6 characters. 

Height, 6| inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of H.E. King siao san. 



95 



PLATE LV 

Vase. Amphora shape. Clair-de-lune, sometimes called 

" blue as the sky after rain." 

This period has the best colour of this celebrated 

class. 
Mark, 6 characters. 
Height, 4A- inches. 
Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Pilgrim Bottle, with broad neck and handles. Clair-de-lune. 

Mark, seal. 
Height, 6 inches. 
Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

Writer's Water Bowl. Clair-de-lune. 

Mark, seal. 
Height, if inches. 
Period, Yung-Cheng. 

From the collection of H.E. King siao san. 



96 



Plate LV 
















Plate LVI 




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PLATE LVI 

Pair of Ginger Jars. Blue and white " Hawthorn " pattern, 
white flowers on a ground of brilliant blue. Very good 
specimens of the famous blue and white Ginger Jars. 
Decoration imitating prunus flowers of early spring, lying 
on cracked blue ice. 

Height, 7 inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Stamp Box. Peach bloom glaze, with good sprinkling of 

green spots ; a fine specimen of this class. 
Height, \\ inches. 
Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of G. H. Thomson. 



97 



PLATE LVII 

Vase. Blue and white. Decoration of asters and foliage 

in brilliant and pure blue of varying shades upon a body 

of white porcelain. 

Chinese connoisseurs appreciate articles of this form 

and decoration more than the Ginger Jar so popular 

in Europe. 
Mark, double ring. 
Height, 7 inches. 
Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



98 



Plate LVII 



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Plate LVIII 




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PLATE LVIII 

Pair of Vases. Blue and white. Decoration, in brilliant 
blue shades on white, of landscapes, with figures, cliffs, 
trees, waterfalls, houses, etc., in the conventional style ; 
diaper pattern band on the neck. 

Height, 2 feet 6 inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



99 



I I I I I I 



PLATE LIX 

Pair of Ginger Jars with covers. Blue and white. Decora- 
tion, blue on white, landscapes, with hills, trees, rivers 
and boats with figures. 

Marks, double ring. 

Height, 8f inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Vase. Beaker shape. Blue and white. Decoration, blue 
on white, conventional landscape, with mountains, val- 
leys, boats ; all in fine var3nng shades of blue. 

Mark, double ring. 

Height, 1 6 inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of D. Landale. 



100 



Plate LIX 




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Plate LX 







PLATE LX 

Vases. Square bodies, with circular necks and bases. Blue 
and white soft paste crackled. Decoration of asters 
and foliage in blue on white, with horizontal and vertical 
bars in relief. A shape much admired by Chinese. 

Heights, 6f inches, 8i inches, lof inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



lOI 



PLATE LXI 

Vase. Beaker shape, blue and white. Ground work, a 
minute square-key pattern, and decoration of panels 
is in brilliant dark blue colours of several shades. In 
panels are landscapes with fishermen, boatmen and 
other figures. 

Mark, 6 characters enclosed in double ring. 

Height, i6i inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection nf La ven yuen. 



102 



Plate LXI 




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PLATE LXII 

Vase. Powdered blue. Decoration, three sages and storks 
and child in Famille verte colours upon a brilliant blue 
ground. 

The liberal use of gilt in various scroll work adds 
to the attractiveness of this class. 
Height, 17 inches. 
Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



103 



PLATE LXIII 

Pair of Plates. Famille verte, three colour. Under the 
glaze inside and outside, five-claw dragons and clouds 
are engraved in the paste. Decoration, peaches, pome- 
granates and foliage in blue, yellow, aubergine and 
green enamels, and around the rim on the outside with 
roses and fohage in the same colours. The plates are 
representative of the best period of the early eigh- 
teenth century, and the peculiar glaze, when held in 
a strong light, reflects pleasing rainbow tints. 

Marks, 6 characters in double ring. 

Diameter, 9I inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Pair of Bowls. Semi-eggshell porcelain of fine quality ; 

the colours, etc., are of the same grade and style as 

above. 
Marks, 6 characters in double ring. 
Height, 2f inches. 
Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



104 



Plate LXIII 







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PLATE LXIV 

Set of Three Jars. Famille verte, five colour. Decoration, 
pheasants, rocks, chrysanthemum, butterflies, etc., upon 
a body of soft paste with a beautiful floating glaze. The 
crackle commences from the base and reaches about 
half-way up. The paste unquestionably approaches the 
soft paste quality, and is not the usual hard standard 
of this class of decorated porcelain ; and from the 
colour and texture of the Famille verte enamels these 
jars show that five colour decoration on soft paste was 
probably commenced about the middle of the Kang- 
Hsi period. 

Height, of Jars, 8 inches and i6 inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Frovi the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



105 



PLATE LXV 

Vase. Square shaped and tapering. Famille verte, five 
colour. Decoration, interiors with figures very finely 
drawn, and with enamels of various shades of the five 
colours. This piece was particularly admired by the 
Chinese on account of the purity of the enamels, the 
many shades of colours, and the brilliant glaze ; also for 
the square spreading neck, which is unusual. 

Height, 19I inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



106 



Plate LXV 



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Plate LXVI 




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PLATE LXVI 

Vase. Famille verte, five colour. Decoration, a rich coral 
red figure, representing a Demon with attendants, in 
various colours, diaper red ground, with four reserves of 
butterflies, etc., and bamboo foliage on the neck. 

Height, 17^ inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Vase. Double gourd shape. Famille verte, five colour. De- 
coration, a figure of one of the eight Immortals on the 
crest of waves, and storks painted in rich enamels and 
finely executed. 

Height, 14 inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Vase. Oviform. Famille verte, five colour. Decoration, 
figure of God of Heaven and other Immortals ; a green 
ground diaper pattern on the shoulder, with four panels 
of butterflies, etc., all in brilhant enamels. 

Height, 17 J inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of Ho chim lee. 



107 



PLATE LXVII 

Pair of Birthday Plates. Famille verte, five colour. Decora- 
tion, coral red fancy border in which are four medal- 
lions with characters representing " Longevity." The 
centre decoration is of a lady with maid, a chariot, and 
deer, in fine and brilliant green and coral red colours. 

Marks, 6 characters in double blue rings. 

Diameter, lo inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Vase. Famille verte, five colour . Decoration, student read- 
ing under an old tree in autumn ; brilliantly enamelled 
and of fine porcelain. The style of the painting is of 
the classic order, and this is a specimen of the best 
of Kang-Hsi productions. 

Height, I of inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of Ho chun lee. 



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PLATE LXVIII 

Four Bowls, Famille verte, five colour. Decoration re- 
presents palace ladies, with long graceful robes, walking ; 
chariot preceding attached to a Kylin ; deer and rocks 
at back. The robes of the ladies are all of different 
coloured enamels, and the brilliancy of these enamels 
must be seen to be appreciated. These are very fine 
and rare bowls, as the exquisite miniature painting on 
them is not usually found in Famille verte pieces ; it 
is more in accord with the quality of the Yung-Cheng 
artists than with the stronger and more brilliant enamels 
of the Kang-Hsi Famille verte. The painting is exceed- 
ingly minute. 

Marks, 6 characters, Ming mark, in double ring. 

Height, 2\ inches. 

Diameter, 5^ inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collections of D. Melnikoff and A. W. Bahr. 



109 



PLATE LXIX 

Vase. Famille verte, five colour. Decoration, large figures 
of ladies examining scrolls, playing chess, musical instru- 
ments, etc. ; on shoulder are four medallions enclosing 
floral designs ; on neck, rocks and bamboos are the 
principal decorations, with small key-pattern ground on 
side of rim . The enamel used in decoration of this piece 
is of the highest quality, and the black is particularly 
brilliant. This is probably a late production of this 
period. 

Height, I J inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of Ho chun lee. 



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PLATE LXX 

Plate. Famille verte, five colour. Decoration, three figures 
at a table of rock, two are playing chess, with surround- 
ings of rocks, fir trees, etc., in brilliant colours of green, 
red, aubergine, yellow and blue ; the green enamel pre- 
dominates and shows to fine effect. 

Mark, leaf and fillet in double ring. 

Diameter, 15^ inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



Ill 



PLATE LXXI 

Bowls. Famille verte, five colour. Decoration, agricultural 
and domestic scenes. The brilliant enamels used and 
the technique in the drawing are of high quality. The 
rich and beautiful enamels used during the middle part 
of the period of Kang-Hsi are all represented in their 
various tints to the best effect and advantage. It is 
said that the Emperor Kang-Hsi had a special liking 
for agricultural subjects, and accordingly ordered the 
best artists in the Imperial Pottery works to give par- 
ticular attention to this class of decoration. The porce- 
lain is hard and pure white, and there are no marks 
at the base. Inscription, explaining the subject in 
poetical terms, is written in gold characters on each 
bowl, with the seal of the artist and writer. 

Height, 3^ inches. 

Dia?neter, 'j\ inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



1 12 



Plate LXXI 







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PLATE LXXII 

Plate. Famille verte, five colour. Decoration, house in 
valley, with figures on the balcony, surrounded with 
mountains and with trees in blossom. It is enamelled 
in brilliant colours of green and blue especially, with a 
trace, hardly perceptible, of red, giving almost the ap- 
pearance of a three colour plate. This plate is very 
attractive as a fine piece of landscape drawing, besides 
being an uncommon subject in Famille verte dishes. 

Mark, diamond with fillet in double ring. 

Diameter, 15]- inches. '-\ 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



113 



PLATE LXXIII 

Vase, with cylindrical neck and upright flanges. Famille 
verte, five colour. Decoration, various floral designs, 
with conventional asters in coral red evenly distributed 
on green ground. Two large panels have pictures of, on 
one side, a romantic scene, and on other an audience of 
military officials ; also four fan-shaped panels of flowers, 
trees, etc., all in briUiant enamels of the highest quality. 
On shoulder are also four small reserves of asters ; 
neck is decorated with a bamboo in sepia tones. 

Height, 1 8 inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



114 



Plate LXXIIl 




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PLATE LXXIV 

Dish, with deep sides and sloping flange. Famille verte 
five colour. Decoration, in centre, two female figures 
seated in garden under a willow tree, from which a bird 
in a cage is suspended. The sides are white, except a 
narrow battleraented border round the bottom. The 
flange has a ground of frog-spawn diaper, with chry- 
santhemum and berries ; six white reserves contain 
various symbols. 

Height, 6 inches. 

Diameter, i6 inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



IIS 



PLATE LXXV 

Pair of Plates. Famille verte, five colour. Celebrated as 
the Birthday plates, said to have been made to com- 
memorate the sixtieth birthday of the Emperor Kang-Hsi. 
The decoration of pheasants, storks, peacocks and other 
birds, trees and flowers is all in the most perfect Chinese 
taste. The colouring, which is of a subdued tone, never- 
theless excels in purity of enamels, and undoubtedly 
shows the excellence of the production of this period. 
Border of these plates is decorated in fancy diaper 
designs, with four medallions containing the character 
" Longevity." 

Marks, 6 characters in double ring. 

Diameter, lo inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of Ho chiui lee. 



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Plate LXXV 




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PLATE LXXVI 

Dish, Famille verte, five colour. Decoration, a basket of 
flowers in centre, surrounded by diaper border, with 
flowers in reserves. 

Diameter, 13I inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Dish. Famille verte, five colour. Decoration, mounted 

figures in landscape. 
Mark, flowers in double ring. 
Diameter, io| inches. 
Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Dish. Famille verte, five colour. Decoration, two females 
with a child on verandah of house, and plum tree with 
red blossoms. A diaper border with decorated reserves. 

Diameter, ?>\ inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of D. ^lelnikqff. 



117 



PLATE LXXVII 

Vase. Famille verte, five colour. Decoration, coral red and 
white diaper ground, bearing turquoise blue chrysanthe- 
mum. Two panels, one containing " Mynah " birds, in 
black, perched on a branch of red prunus ; other, a pair 
of jays perched on a branch of magnoha. Four circular 
reserves in white, two on each side, containing land- 
scapes, insects and flowers, all painted in brilliant 
enamels. This specimen is a very ornate and brilhant 
piece of Famille verte ; the colours of the enamel are 
of the highest qualit)^ and the execution by the artist 
leaves nothing to be desired. 

Mark, double ring in blue. 

Height, i8f inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Noiv in the possession of Lord Kitchener. 



118 



Plate LXXVII 



Plate LXX\'III 




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PLATE LXXVIII 

Vase. Wide mouth with flange. Famille verte, five colour. 
Decoration, bold scroll or fringe-like pattern, foliated 
borders, with diaper and flower pattern in rich enamels. 
White body, with medallions and characters in colour. 

Height, 1 6 inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Fro7n the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



119 



PLATE LXXIX 

Figure of Unicom. Famille verte, five colour. The ground 
of body pencilled in rich bro^Yn, chest decorated in a 
vivid hue of coral red, horns of yellow with black stripes, 
face of various tints of Famille verte ; and stand of a 
cloud pattern, decorated in brilliant tints of yellow, 
green, aubergine and red. Considered to be an uncom- 
mon specimen. 

Height, 6f inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Now in the possession of P. Ralli. 



120 



Plate LXXIX 




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PLATE LXXX 

Four Pairs of Miniature Vases and Bottles. Famille rose, 
painted with good taste and delicate colours. They are 
fine specimens of the early Yung-Cheng colour and 
drawing, and the porcelain is also of superfine quality. 
Probably made at the Imperial Works for palace use 
only. 

Marks, 6 characters of the period. 

Height, 2{ inches to 3J inches. 

Period, Yung-Cheng. 

From the collection of Li clii bai. 



121 



PLATE LXXXI 

Pair of Bowls. Famille rose. Ruby ground with lilies, 
peonies and marguerites, all in fine enamels. These are 
very rare specimens, there being but little Famille rose 
with Kang-Hsi mark (see remarks on Writer's Water 
Bottle, Plate xxxiii). 

Marks, raised characters in seal border. 

Height, 2| inches. 

Diameter, 5 inches. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of Bon Ian zung. 

Vase. Bottle shape, sloping shoulder to neck, with flange 
top. Famille rose. Pea green graviata ground, with 
red, blue and pink flowers, rose-coloured scarf around 
the neck. Children, in various coloured garments, around 
the shoulder and base. The bright and finely finished 
little figures make a striking contrast to the even colour- 
ing of the graviata ground. 

Height, 15 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of A. W. Balir. 



122 



Plate LXXXI 










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PLATE LXXXII 

Vase. Oviform. Famille rose. Decoration, plum blossoms, 
branches, leaves and birds, in finest Famille rose tints, 
and fungus in coral red, all on a pure white ground. 
This style of form, decoration and colouring is particu- 
larly admired by Chinese. 

Height, 1 6 inches. 

Period, Yung-Cheng. 

A^ow in the possession "f /■ Stirling. 



123 



PLATE LXXXIII 

Vase. Famille rose. Decoration, utensils, fruits, flower 
baskets, vases, incense burners, etc., in high relief with 
paintings of butterflies. Fish-roe ground of light green 
around the shoulder of vase, with six asters of yellow 
and light shades, merging at neck into an " ee " ground 
of rich brown with rocks, clouds and foliage in Famille 
rose tints and in high relief 

Height, 1 7 J, inches. 

Period, Yung-Cheng. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



124 



Plate LXXXIIl 




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Plate LXXXIV 




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PLATE LXXXIV 

Vase. Oviform, with narrow neck and spreading mouth. 
Famille rose. Decoration, rocks, birds and flowers in 
finest tints of Famille rose of this period. The painting 
is exceedingly good and probably by an artist of repute ; 
the porcelain is of a particularly fine quality. 

Height, 10 inches. 

Period, Yung-Cheng. 

From the collection of Ho chun lee. 



125 



PLATE LXXXV 

Pair of Square Flower Pots. Famille rose. Decoration 
on one, cow-boy riding and playing the flute, on other, 
an old man riding on donkey, with boy following ; 
painted in soft tints of sepia and various colours. The 
delicac}' of painting and contrasts of shades of sepia 
and colours on the exquisite white, put these pieces 
in the very first rank of the productions of this period. 

Height, 5i inches. 

Period, Yung-Cheng. 

Vase. Bottle-shape. Famille rose. Decoration, in blue 
under the glaze, trees, rocks, etc. ; and numerous mon- 
ke)'s in sepia, red and other tints, finely drawn with 
much detail. 

Height, 10 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of Ho cktin lee. 



126 



Plate LXXXV 







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PLATE LXXXVI 

Brush Holder. Famille rose. Decoration, old men playing 
Chinese chess. The special point of this article is the 
strength and purity of the colour used. 

Height, II J inches. 

Period, Yung-Cheng. 

Bowl. Famille rose. Decoration, rows of branches bearing 
peach blossoms of exquisite and pleasing colours, in 
the Ku-yu-sien style of painting. 

Height, 2 inches. 

Period, Yung- Cheng. 

Bottle. Famille rose. Egg-shell porcelain. Decoration, 
two figures and rocks in attractive colours and fine 
finish. A rare and much prized specimen. 

Height, 5^ inches. 

Period, Yung-Cheng, 

From the collection of H.E. King siao san. 



127 



PLATE LXXXVII 

Vase. Famille rose. Decoration, lady in wheel-chair, with 

a yellow stag, and surrounded by attendants. 
Height, 17 inches. 
Period, Yung-Cheng. 

From the collection of La kwei sung. 

Vase. Famille rose. Decoration, peonies and prunus blos- 
soms ; two birds in black, pale blue, and white ; two 
birds in two shades of brown. 

Height, ijl inches. 

Period, Yung-Cheng. 

From the collection of R, D. Craig. 

Vase. Famille rose. Decoration, two ladies seated at a 

table, with others playing musical instruments. 
Height, 16 inches. 
Period, Yung-Cheng. 

From the collection of Taotai Hoo crh mai. 



128 



Plate LXXXVII 







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PLATE LXXXVIII 

Vase. Oviform, with neck expanding to a wide rim. 
Famille rose. Decoration, figures and willow tree ; a 
double border in green around the shoulder. 

Height, 1 6 1 inches. 

Period, Yung-Cheng. 

From the collection of (T Auxion de Rujfe. 

Vase. Cylindrical, with curved neck. Blue and white. 

Decoration, figures, spotted stag, and palm trees. 
Height, 1 8 inches. 
Period, Yung-Cheng. 

From the collection of Taotai Hoo crh mai. 

Vase. Oviform, with neck expanding to a wide rim. 

Famille rose. Decoration, figures, one mounted on a 

hon. 
Height, 1 6^ inches. 
Period, Yung-Cheng. 

From the collection of J. N. Jameson. 



129 



PLATE LXXXIX 

Pair of Figures. Famille rose. Decoration, one figure with 
a coral red cloak, gold pencilled reserves of flying 
phcenix with band around the edge of the cloak in 
green with floral designs ; in hands, small urn and 
vase. 

Other figure decorated with a green cloak, and re- 
serves, in black, with dragons, the band or girdle in 
brown with floral designs ; in hands, lotus leaf and 
flower and coral red vase. 

Height, 8 inches. 

Period, Yung-Cheng. 

Now in the possession of J. Wormald. 



130 



Plate LXXXIX 



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PLATE XC 

Pair of Bowls, with covers. Famille verte, five colour, 
semi-eggshell. Decoration, dragons and clouds, under- 
glazed blue, and brilliant over-glazed enamels. 

Marks, characters. 

Height, 5 inches. 

Diameter, 8 inches. 

Period, Yung-Cheng. 

Bowl, with cover. Famille verte, five colour, semi-eggshell. 

Decoration, spray of red prunus blossom, and birds ; 

under-glazed blue, and fine over-glaze enamels. 
Mark, characters. 
Height, 5 inches. 
Diameter, 8 inches. 
Period, Yung-Cheng. 

From the collection of C. O. Liddell. 



131 



PLATE XCI 

Pair of Jars, with covers. Famille verte, five colour. De- 
coration, ladies and children playing, reading, etc. The 
enamels are of a light and brilliant class and show no 
trace of rose, so that, though the design and porcelain 
denote the period as Yung-Cheng, the colour of the 
enamels would seem to be Kang-Hsi. Unglazed base. 

Height, 15 inches. 

Period, Yung-Cheng. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



132 



Plate XCI 




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PLATE XGII 

Bottle. Red and blue. Decoration, rich red and salmon 
coloured dragon in blue clouds, all well drawn in bold 
design. A fine specimen of the under-glaze work of 
this period ; the colours are very striking. 

Mark, Ming characters. 

Height, 12 J inches. 

Period, Yung-Cheng. 

From the collection of Yu tze sor. 

Vase, with dragon handles on neck. Red and blue. Decor- 
ation, coral red bats flying in blue clouds, blue formal 
band on rim, neck and near base. The effect of the 
style of decoration is very pretty and attractive. 

Mark, blue seal. 

Height, 2\\ inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of G. D. Coutls. 

Bottle. Red and blue. Decoration, on white ground with 
red and peach bloom tints and green spots, Kylins 
playing with a ball, peach bloom colours, and blue 
ribbons flying loose. Formal diaper band, red and peach 
bloom tints, on rim of neck and on shoulder, blue diaper 
pattern near base, all under glaze. A fine specimen of 
this class. 

Mark, blue seal. 

Height, ii| inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



133 



PLATE XCIII 

Pair of Vases, double gourd shape (or so-called Pilgrim 
bottles), with handles. Famille rose. Coral red ground, 
with gold decorations and two panels in white, containing 
figures of boys playing at different games. Colours of 
fine quality and painting good. The coral red ground 
harmonises very well with the Famille rose tints. These 
vases are uncommon, and the seal mark is of an Im- 
perial Pottery. 

Marks, blue square seal of 6 characters on turquoise ground. 

Height, 7 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



134 



Plate XCIII 










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PLATE XCIV 

Vase. Pear shape, with short neck and wide mouth, and 
dragon handles. Famille rose. The decoration is known 
as " Mille Cerf." The colouring is chiefly in browns 
and greens. The stems of pines are sepia and browns, 
drawing of the hills sepia and coloured in browns and 
green, some of the peaks are in blue enamel. 

Mark, square seal in blue. 

Height, 17^ inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



135 



PLATE XCV 

Vase. Bottle shape, with cyhndrical neck. Famille rose. 
Decoration, on white ground, a prunus tree with blos- 
soms of pink, red and coral red, and sepia branches with 
shadings of a dull yellow ; four magpies perched on the 
branches. 

Mark, square seal in blue. 

Height, 20 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of B. Roscnhanm. 



136 



Plate XCV 



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Plate XCVI 







PLATE XCVl 

Pair of Bowls. Fatnille rose. Decoration, called " Mille 
Fleur." Conventional flowers on yellow ground. These 
bowls were only used at the Imperial table. 

Marks, raised blue seal, 4 characters with double lined 
border. 

Height, 2 1 inches. 

Diameter, 6 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

Figure of Kuan- Yin. Famille rose. Apron has floral design 
black on green, cloak also has floral design in creamy 
white ; Famille rose decorations on beads, etc. 

Height, 13 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



137 



PLATE XGVII 

Pair of Jars, with covers. Famille rose. Turquoise blue 
enamel ground, covered with flowers in various coloured 
enamels, and outlined in gold. This pair of vases is a high- 
class production of the Ch'ien-Lung period ; the execution 
of the drawing is wonderfully fine and accurate, and 
shade of the turquoise ground is superb. 

Marks, red seal and 6 characters. 

Height, 1 6 inches 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the coUection of Yu tze sor. 



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Plate XCVII 










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Plate XCVIII 




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PLATE XCVIII 

Pair of Cups. Famille rose. " Mille Fleur." Floral de- 
coration in enamels, covering the exterior ; gilt edge. A 
brilliant class of production of this period ; the many 
colours of all kinds of flowers crowded on the surface 
give an artistic and pleasing effect. 

Height, 2\ inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of C. O. Liddell. 

Vase. Famille rose. Decoration, landscape of hill, with 
temples and fine trees. This vase is of the style known 
as Ku-yu-sien, and the soft tints and beautiful execution 
are much admired by Chinese connoisseurs. 

Height, 8 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of Wong kai ziir. 



139 



PLATE XCIX 

Miniature Vases and Jars. Famille rose. Blue and 
white. This was an interesting exhibit ; most of the 
articles are very delicately drawn, with figures, etc., in 
fine colours. 

Height, I inch to 2 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of Peter Bahr. 



140 



Plate XCIX 




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PLATE C 

Porcelain Snuff Bottles. Famille rose. Delicately painted 
with flowers, children, etc., in variegated colours ; flat 
in shape, with jade and glass stoppers fitted. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of Liu wen choo. 



141 



PLATE CI 

Snuff Bottles. Faniille rose. Fine crackled soft paste, 
mostly decorated in Famille rose colours and subjects 
in high relief ; two are delicately pierced. 

Height, from 2 inches to 2\ inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of A. W. Bahr. 



142 



Plate CI 










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Plate ClI 







PLATE CII 

Five Snuff Bottles. Glass, with exquisite drawings of 
landscapes, flowers, etc., in variegated colours, and with 
jade stoppers. Two of these are drawn by the famous 
artist Ku-yu-sien, and are extremely rare and much 
sought after by Chinese collectors. 

Marks, characters. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

Four Snuff Bottles. Enamel on copper, finely drawn, with 

landscapes, flowers, etc., in colours. 
Marks, characters. 
Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From, the collection of Liu iven choo. 



143 



PLATE cm 

Pair of Framed Sets of Porcelain Plaques. Famille verte, 
five colour. Frame on left of illustration has centre 
plaque, 8f inches square, decorated with landscape ; 
floral designs on side panels. Frame on right of illus- 
tration has centre plaque of same size, decorated with 
audience chamber and figures ; side panels of floral 
designs. 

Period, Kang-Hsi. 

Panel, 2of inches square. Blue and white porcelain char- 
acters and figures, inlaid on a groundwork of painted 
cement. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

Framed Plaque. Blue and white porcelain, with landscape 

decoration. 
Size, 14 inches by 12 inches. 
Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

Framed Plaque on stand. Famille rose. Decoration, land- 
scape, with trees and temples, finely painted in five 
colour enamels. 

Size, i6}f inches by 13^ inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

Framed Porcelain Picture Plaque. Famille rose. The 
subject, man in a boat, and man seated on rock above, 
is in porcelain and inlaid on a groundwork of painted 
cement. 

Size, 25^ inches by 16 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From ike collection of Taotai Shen tun ho. 



144 



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PLATE CIV 

Panels, on which are fixed half vases and beakers of por- 
celain from 8 inches to 12 inches high, mostly Famille 
rose, all exquisitely decorated and of equal standard 
of quality with whole vases of same style and period. 
This form of ornament is much esteemed by Chinese 
for use in important rooms. 

Periods, Ch'ien-Lung, Yvmg-Cheng, and Kang-Hsi. 

From the collection of Sien (zc za. 



145 



PLATE CV 

Porcelain Plaque. Framed and on stand. Famille rose. 
Decoration, mountains, lakes and rapids, temples and 
houses, with trees and high cliffs, finely painted in Famille 
rose enamels. 

These plaques are generally placed at the side of the 
main table in reception halls, with a vase on other 
side, and are articles of decoration much prized by the 
Chinese gentry. 

Size, 24 inches by 18 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of Zee lee yuen. 



146 



Plate CV 




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PLATE GVI 

Plaque. Framed. Famille rose. Porcelain figures inlaid 
on neutral-tint painted cement ground. 

The figures, "eight Immortals," are decorated in 
various tints of Famille rose enamels and in slight 
relief, which gives a striking appearance to the picture. 
The name of the artist is given on the two porcelain 
seals at the left side. This plaque is used as a picture, 
and placed on walls. 

Size, 43 inches by 24 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of Taotai Shftt tun ho. 



14; 



PLATE CVII 

Pair of Vases, with handles on neck. Flambe of red tint 

with splashes of blue and grey. 
Height, lo inches. 
Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

Vase. Flambe in reds and greens. The Flambe class is very- 
popular with Chinese collectors, and the extraordinary 
variety of shades is very remarkable. 

Height, 8 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

Vase. Double gourd shape. Flambe in red, blue, purple, and 

yellow. 
Height, 9 inches. 
Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of F. E. Wilkinson, 



148 



Plate CVII 



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PLATE CVIII 

Figures. Famille rose. Three Immortals, representing 
" Longevity," happiness, and rank or fortune. Robes 
are highly ornamented with variegated colours. The 
stands are a yellow ground with diaper pattern in blue 
and other enamels, with a pewter rim to preserve edges. 

Height, 24 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the colkction of A. W. Bahr. 



149 



PLATE CIX 

Vase. Peking enamel on copper. Design of an embroidered 
kerchief knotted around top of vase, which has a ground 
of rich red, with various scrolls and floral designs of 
Famille rose tints. This is a rare specimen of the ware, 
and drawing is superior and workmanship perfect. 

Height, 12 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of D. Landale. 



150 



Plate CIX 




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Plate CX 




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PLATE CX 

Incense Burner. Peking enamel on copper. Decoration 
of scroll and floral ground, with panels on either side 
containing landscapes ; buildings and figures are Euro- 
pean of the eighteenth century. This is a fine specimen 
of the ware made during this period, and the rich colours 
of Famille rose enamels used are very attractive. 

Height, 1 6 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of Wong kai zur. 



151 



PLATE CXI 

Pair of Teapots, Plates and Bowl. Peking enamel on 
copper. The figures on teapots are in eighteenth 
century costume, and interesting as made for Europe. 
All are of exquisite colours in Famille rose. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of Dr. A. Stanley. 



152 



Plate CXI 




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PLATE CXII 

Fish Bowl. Peking enamel on copper. Decoration, scroll 
and floral design, with two oval panels containing 
landscapes of buildings, trees and figures, imitating 
eighteenth century European picture. Fine colours 
of Famille rose. 

Height, 1 8 inches. 

Diameter, 24 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of Wong kai zur. 



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PLATE CXIII 

White Jade Articles, consisting of spill holders, wine cups, 
K}'lins, deer, water bottles, etc., all carved in the 
Ch'ien-Lung period, and of exquisite quality, even 
shades, and a richness combined with simplicity of 
carving which has perfect finish. 

This group of small articles was specially selected 
from a large collection as specimens of the quality most 
admired by Chinese collectors. Simplicit)', even colour, 
correct proportion and perfect finish are the points 
valued. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of D. Pccorini. 



154 



Plate CXIII 




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Plate CXIV 







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PLATE CXIV 

Figures and Brush Holder. White jade, of even colour 
and beautiful workmanship. The carving of the figures 
is extremely fine, each single hair on heads being clearly 
marked. 
Height, of figures, 3 inches. 
„ „ holder, 2f inches. 
Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the oUeciinn of D. Pecon'iii. 



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PLATE CXV 

Green Jade Bottle, with cover. Two boj's and dragons 
carved on bottle in high relief. The carving is finely- 
executed, and the size of this specimen is uncommon. 

Height, 7 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

Bottle, with cover, resting on a mythical bird, made of a 
pink stone. This work is well finished and the size 
uncommon. 

Height, %\ inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

Carved Crystal Bottle, with cover, well executed in the 

carving. 
Height, 7 inches. 
Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of Yu tze sor. 



156 



Plate CXV 










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PLATE CXVI 

Bottle. Clear glass of two tints, top red-colour layer carved 
in floral pattern in high relief, leaving the yellow ground 
visible. 

Mark, seal. 

Height, 8| inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of Bon Ian ziing. 

Bottle. Glass, upper red layer carved with storks, trees, 
flowers, etc., in high relief, leaving the lower layer of 
speckled white visible. 

Mark, seal. 

Height, 8f inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of A. W. Balir. 

Bottle. Glass ; as above, red layer carved in high relief, with 

under layer of speckled white. 
Mark, seal. 
Height, 7i inches. 
Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of G. H. Thomson. 



157 



PLATE CXVII 

Carriage. Carved red lacquer, a model of that used by 
the Emperor Ch'ien-Lung within the palace precincts. 
It is rectangular in shape, supporting a tray on which 
are five boxes, and in the lower part of the carriage 
are two drawers ; wheels have gilt brass tyres ; posts 
supporting the upper portion, as well as the four 
small corner posts on the top, are of brass gilt. 
Panels of flowers are carved in the red lacquer in 
high relief, leaving the black ground. The whole 
workmanship is of the best, and finish, as well as 
quality of the lacquer, leaves nothing to be desired. 
The article is used as a jewel box b)' palace ladies, 
and is a rare specimen of the lacquer class. 

Height, 10? inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the coUectiou of A. W. Bahr. 



158 



Plate CXVII 




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PLATE CXVIII 

Figure of a Sage, with staff and fan, in ivory tusk, well 

carved and good finish. 
Height, 14^ inches. 
Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

Screen on Stand. Ivory. The panel is a picture with 
house, figures, trees, flowers, etc., enriched in colours 
on a dehcately pierced ground. The stand is also 
exquisitely carved with pierced work, and shows the 
wonderful art of the carver in the minute figures, etc., 
especially in lower part of the stand. 

Height, 10 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

Now in the possession of M. Permezel. 

Figure. Ivory. An old man kneeling by a stag, a very 

attractive and well executed work. 
Height, ^\ inches. 
Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

From the collection of Mrs. F. Ayscongh. 



159 



PLATE CXIX 

Helmet. Pottery, three colours of 3'ellow, green and 
aubergine. Supposed to have come from the Im- 
perial palace. The design clearly copies a European 
helmet of the Middle Ages, and is attributable to the 
strong foreign influence during this emperor's reign. 

Height, 22 inches. 

Period, Ch'ien-Lung. 

Frojn the collection of A. Rose. 



160 



Plate CXIX 




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Plate CXX 




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PLATE CXX 

Vase. Pear shape, with spreading base, neck expanding 
to flanged rim, and handles. Famille rose. Glossy 
black ground, with two small panels on neck contain- 
ing figures, and two panels on bod}' containing 
groups of figures, all painted in fine colour enamels. 
This is an uncommon and interesting production ol' 
the period. 

Mark, double ring on base. 

Height, 15} inches. 

Period, Tao-Kwang. 

From the collection of Sir C. P. Cliaicr. 



Printed by Cassell and Compa:.i', Liuiiep, La Belle Salvage, Londu*:, L.C.